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No 62,489 


The Government yesterday 
announced a three- week ban 
on the movement and slaugh- 
ter of sheep within two desig- 
nated areas of Cumbria ana 
North Wales, after die discov- 
ery of increased levels of 
radioactivity in the wake of 
the Chernobyl nudear disaster 
in (he Soviet Union. . 

Virtually the whole of 
North Wales, in particular the 
hjdi Snowdonia area, which 
suffered torrential rainfall 
during May 2 and 3 when the 
Chernobyl cloud passed over, 
is affected by the order; 

An estimated 5,000 flocks, 
comprising abonl L250.000 
ewes and lambs, will be affect- 
ed by the restrictions. 

Last night, farmers in Wales 
were worried that foreign 
competitors, particularly New 
Zealand, would try to take 
advantage of the ban. 

Mr Maurice Trumper, 
flninpn of the -National 
Fanners' Union in Wales, 
said: “This is a very severe 
Wow to the concept of better 
marketing. 1 just hope there is 
not a sustained reaction by the 


Fanners in the principality 
were just about to embark on 
the biggest promotion for 
Welsh lamb. He intended to 
discuss the situation with hi$ 
New Zealand counterpart and 
might be pressing the Govern- 
ment to combat any attempt 
to increase imports. 

■ The ban was announced by 
Mr Michael Jopling, Minister 
of Agriculture. He told the 

By John Young and Tim Jones 

The ministry said yesterday 

that only eight cases lad been 
found jn which. the level of 
contamination exceeded 
tjOOO bcqnerds a litre (a 
bequerel is a unit of radioac- 
tive decay). 

- The- highest level discov- 
ered was 4.000 bequerds* 
which was still wdl below the 
10,000 frequences established 
by tike International Atomic 
Energy Authority as constitut- 
ing ahealth risk. 

However, the ministry had 
decided as a result of 
Chernobyl to cany out timber 

monitoring in any area where 
levels were found to exceed 
1,000 bequerds. 

The most likely reason for 
: the uptake of radio-caesiuni in 
young lambs is that, in rela- 
tion to. body weight, they 

Commons the monitoring of consume mud) higher levels 
young unfinished Izunbs not ofgrassthanother livestock. 

the Meat and livestock Com- 

“But they should look at the 
ministry figures, which allow a 
very high safety margin and 
which show that the Govern- 
ment is determined to ensure 
that no meat readies the shops 
which could possibly consti- 
tute a health ask ” 

Mr Simon Gouriay, the 
National Farmers' Union 
president, said its members 
were concerned about the 
situation and wanted the pub- 
lic to be confident that all 
lamb on sale in the shops was 

Mr Gwilym Thomas, of the 
Fanners' Union of Wales, 
said: “We are very concerned 
that the excellent image of 
Welsh lamb must be protect- 
ed, so we would support 
taking it off the market imme- 
diately in order to reassure 

Mr Nicholas Edwards, Sec- 
retary of State for Wales, said 
that there was “absolutely no 
danger" fromjneat already in 
the slums. 

For farmers the restrictions 
wiH not be as severe a blow as 
if they had been imposed a 
month or two later. This is 
because many of the affected 
farms are in high, hilly coun- 
try where the lambing season 
is later than in the lowlands 

But the mood among Welsh 
farmers was sombre and wor- 
ried. Mr Jade Jones, who 
farms more than 1,000 acres 
of high land at Uatnxwchlyn, 
Gwynedd, said: “I am very 



By Craig Setoc 

An estimated 200 hippies 
were arrested yesterday daring 
a huge police operation to keep 
300 members of a “peace 
convoy** away from Stone- 
henge, where they planned to 
hold a summer solstice 

The arrest came as the 100- 
Tehide convoy was evicted 
from a fanner's land at Hang- 
ing Langford, Salisbury, seven 
miles from Stonehenge, which 
had bees closed since earlier 
In the day by the National 
Trust and English Heritage. 

The peace convoy moved off 
peacefully from a field in the 
tiny village, bat many of its 
members made dear their 
intention to try to reach Stone- 
henge in defiance of a police 

. Within two miles of tire 
Hanging Langford she scores 
of ponce stopped the convoy on 
the A36 road to Salisbury' and 
ordered it to break np into 
smaller groups because of the i 
dtaos it was causing traffic. I 
A police spokesman said: 

“Many of them refused and 
sat down in the road and they ! 
were arrested for obstruction, j 
There were certainly over 100 
arrests and there could be as 
many as 170 ” 

Shortly after the arrests 
took place, many , of the re- 
maining hippies set off on foot 
for Salisbury, escorted by 
police, but a small grasp of 
vehicles made away from the 
scene before tinning back and 
catting through a country bum 
in another attempt to reach 

A police helicopter hovered 
overhaul as they drove into a 
fanner's field and broadcast a 
message on a loudspeaker that 
they faced arrest unless they 



Princess Margaret arrives yesterday at Cheltenham Genera) 
Hospital for the opening of a cancer unit 

G^ned^ said: “i am very ■ 

fey*tened for the future. If judgements had 

yet ready tin* the market in 
certain mots erf Cumbria ‘and 
North Wales indicated higher 
levels of radio-caesium than 
in the rest of the country. 

There was no need for 
anyone to be concerned about 

Radio-caesium is estimated 
to remain in an adult animal 
for between 30 and 100 days, 
but in the case of a lamb it 
sbould be no more than 25 to 

this bon continues, it will wipe 
us out." 

“Sheep farming is our life. 
If this land becomes poisoned, 
it would kill off fanning in 
North Wales forever.” 

Mrs Enid Williams, wife of 

the safety jrffbodm tbeshopv-surancesy there .^obvious 
he crojdgnreA ^ --VU r . jdarro among fanners, and 
The Government wdl owt- among meat wholesalers and 
ader daimsfor compensation retailers, about the possible 
from any fanners whtf cam effects on sales, 
show that their businesses “dead? people are going to 

have been paxticuiariy badly be concerned about the safety 
affected. ‘ crfwtat they eaC*an official of 


Despite die ministry’s as- another farmer in the same 

been made to allow dntids and 

Photograph . 3 

religiously inclined “festival 
people” to celebrate tike sum- 
mer solstice in the riemfty of 

area, said: “The end of June (-Stonehenge at dawn today. 

England in 
his hands 

and July is: Qtm busiest period 
for selling lambs. We are 
terribly worried; as tins could, 
(hive us into debt.” • • 

Chernobyl toll, page 5 
Wasteland spraying, page 20 

Thejnan behind the 
revival in Mexico: 
portrait of 
Peter Shilton, 
goalkeeper and 
saviour Page II 

air attache 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

# There is £12,000 to _ 
be won In The Times • 
Portfolio Gold 
competition today— the 
weekly prize of 
£8,000 and the daily 

• Yesterday’s £4000 
was won outright by Mr 
Harry Totty, of 

A senior Soviet diplomat 
was expelled from the United 
Slates yesterday for allegedly 
trying to steal secrets of Presi- 
dent Reagan's Strategic De- 
fence Initiative, the cruise 
missile programme and the 
super-secret Stealth bomber 

The State Department said 
it expected Colonel Vladimir 
Izmaylov, Air Attache at the 
Soviet Embassy, to leave the 
country shortly. According to 
Federal Bureau of 
Investigation (FBI) officials, 
he lashed out at American 
agents wben be was arrested in 
Fort Was h ington, Maryland, 1 
on Thursday night and had to 
be taken away ra handcuffs. 
He was later banded over to 
Soviet officials. 

Mr Dana Caro, an FBI 
special agent, told a press 
conference that Cofonel 
Izmaylov held a number of 
clandestine meetings over the 
past year with a US Air Force 
officer who had been paid 
S4 1,100 (£27,000) and given a 
camera to photojpapb classi- 
fied Air Force documents. 

The . American. -who was 
working with the FBI, was 
given spying equipment .such 
as transparent cellophane that 
once developed with the right 
'temicals, . revealed hidden 
lessages. Colonel Izmaylov 
as arrested when he went toa 
dead drop” to .pick np'docu- 

• Portfolio fist, page 
24; rules and how to 
play, page 33; prices . 
summary, information 

service, page 20. 

Prisons toll 

Police sources say as many as 
350 people may have died in 
fighting in three Peruvian 
prisons P*ge6 

Good value 

The increasing value of your 
bouse can be used to guaran- 
tee loans, even for luxuries 
Family Money, pages 25-33 

meets left there by the officer. 

Mr Caro said Colonel 
Izmaylov arrived in the US in 
October 1984 on his second 
lour of duty in the country. He 
daimed that members of the 
GRU, the . Soviet military 
intelligence, at the Soviet Em- 

■ .. -J*. 

y •?.■!< •* . ■ .<■ v» ■■ 



x l. 

Colonel Vladimir Izmaylov: 

lashed ont at agents, 
bassy in Washington, were 
continually attempting to re- 
cruit American military 

The Slate Department said 
yesterday that there would be 
no justification for the Soviet 
side to retaliate by expelling 
an American diplomat- It 
refused to comment on a 
report that Mr Oleg 
Agraniants, described as a 
Soviet agent responsible for 
KGB operations in northern 
Africa, had defected and re- 
vealed the. names of KGB 
agents in Tunisia, Algeria, 
Morocco, and Libya. 

. The' death*] . *»■ "fint 
banned last year when there 
were violent dashes between 
police and hippies trying to 
reach the site. 

The immediate concern of 
tbe police was that 300 mem- 
bers of the convoy from Hang- 
ing Langford would persist in 
their attempts to reach 

Mr Donald Smith, the Chief 
Constable of Wiltshire, direct- 
ed that they would not be 
allowed to reach tire ancient 

But he issued a letter that a 
maximum of 300 people, in 
groaps of 100, would be per- 
mitted to celebrate the solstice 
dose to Stonehenge 

The letter was read out to 
the Hanging Langford hippies 
before they were evicted under 
coart order and at the Glaston- 
bury CND festival in Somer- 
set, which continues 
throughout the weekend. 

By last night an estimated | 
50,000 people had arrived at 
Glastonbury and some were 
expected to make their way to 

On Thursday the Secular 
Order of Dnrids failed in the 
Court of Appeal to be exempt- 
ed from the general ban on 
gatherings at Stonehenge. But 
the National Trust and En- 
glish Heritage said that the 
druids would be permitted to 
conduct their sunrise ceremo- 
ny on the road alongside the 
ancient monument, which oth- 
erwise would be closed for the 

Healey to 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

Mr Denis Healey's pro- 
posed trip to Sooth Africa was 
in donbt last night after a 
surprising fast-minute change 
; of mind by the Pretoria 

They told Labour's shadow 
foreignsecretary, via Dr Denis 
Worrell, the South African j 
Ambassador m Loudon, that I 
his presence in the country , 
would be “most inopportune'' | 
; at this time. 

Mr Healey has responded | 
J by asking Pretoria for an i 
assurance that he will be 
allowed to enter the country, 
for winch be does not need a 
visa, when be flies in from 
Tatsaka, Zambia, on Tuesday 
with Mr Donald Anderson, his 

He said last night “I have 
said I have noted their views, 
bat they're not tbe views of the 
people who invited me. I plan 
to go ahead unless they do not 
give me the necessary 

The donds now hanging 
over tire trip could prove 
embarrassing to tbe South 
Africans, not least because the 
London embassy has known 
about it for about a month. 

Mr Healey has twice me! Dr 
Worrell within the last two 
weeks and. It is said, no 
attempt was made to make 
him stay at home. 

A spokesman for the Sooth 
African embassy said that tbe 
whole question of Mr Healey's 
visit luid been referred hack to 
Pretoria and further informa- 
tion was befog urgently await- 

Mr Healey and Mr Ander- 
son have been invited to Sooth 
Africa by Dr Beyers Naude, 
general secretary of the 
repablic's co until of churches. 

bill passed 

From Michael Hornsby 

The President's Council, 
South Africa's top legislative 
body, last night approved by 
35 voles to 22 a far-reaching 
security bill, and looked set to 
pass a second, related, piece of 
legislation before the night 
was out. 

The vote, in which the 
Government had the support 
of two extreme right-wing 
parties but was opposed by all 
other parties, resolved a dead- 
lock in parliament, and , 
opened the way for the two I 
bills to replace the state of 
emergency declared by Presi- 
dent Botha on June 12. 

One of the reasons given for j 
imposing the state of emergen- 
cy was the rejection of the two 
bills by the separate Coloured 
and Indian chambers of South 
Africa's tri-cameral 

In Pretoria, the head of the 
Bureau for Information, Mr 
David Steward, announced 
six more “unrest-related” 
deaths in the 24 hours up to 
6am yesterday, bringing to 54 
the number officially reported 
since the emergency was 

Five of the six fatalities were 
blacks killed by the police. 
One. Mr Steward reported, 
was a girl aged four wbo had . 
been “tragically” hit by “a 
warning shot fired in pursuit 
of a suspect which penetrated 
a corrugated iron fence and 
struck the child”. 

Twenty-four “non-whites” 
had been arrested in connec- 
tion with the death of a white j 
man whose burnt body was 
found near Uitenhage, also in 
the eastern Cape. 

Violence goes on, page S 
Woodrow Wyatt, page 8 j 
Late, late news, page 20 

Soviet MPs want to meet Congress 

Moscow — Members of the sional pressure on President 

Soviet Parliament proposed 
yesterday that there should be 
regular talks on arms control 
between them and their US 
The latest Soviet initiative 
on arms control was seen as an 
attempt io increase Congres- 


Members of the foreign 
affairs commissions of the two 
chambers of the Supreme 
Soviet offered in a special 

relations committee. 

The resolution, which is to 
be sent to the US Government 
and Congress, said the first 
meeting should be held soon 
and should deal with each 

resolution to meet members of side’s concern over US-Soviet 

the House ft 
mittee and : 

oreagn aflai 

the Senate 

affairs com- 
itate foreign 

strategic arms 


Terror style attack at News International depot 

Crosswords 17.20 

- By Nicholas Beeston 

Hooded sa boteur s armed 
with knives and spiked frail 
of on Thursday night 

at a reticle depot in Kent 
which distributes News Inter- 
national papers. ■ 

Pofiee said at least 15 an 
wearing testaristatyie bain- 
dava masks cut the perimeter the TNT distribution 
depot m Snodlmd and fired 
“JetiaT baH bearings from 
catapults at baftfings and 
vtiddes. . 

Accomplices also buried 
bricks and rocks into tbe depot 
bat no one on site was injured. 

The. intruders dashed 16 
tyres on eight unmarked vans, 
smashed the windscreens of 

(hie of the “lethal” spiked balls need in raid. 

PDfice refused to say wheth- 
er the two rarirteats were 
connected bid described the 
nMcpf c ‘•BeaceffiF. 

five private cars and vans and -al man ag er , add yesterday 
poured paint on one vehicle. . that only fire employees, were 
The attaric caindd ed with at the site at the .time of tbe 

- - - - attack. 


fry 400 print muon pickets. 

fire employees were 
e at the time of tbe 


bered, they managed to catch 
one of the men and pall off his 
bthdara mask, bat when wg 
saw the size, of the pickets we 
had Id let him go.” 

The employees then had to 
take cover under a hail of 
missile fte before police ar- 
rived. The attack bad no effect 
on the di s tri buti on of The 

Times and The San 

Mr Bell said tint the depot 
had been attacked three times, 
but the latest was tbe most 
serioe and well organized. 

Drivers at the depot added 
that they had received death 
threats before the attack 

Assistant chief constable 
Paul Condon, of the Kent 
potice, said that the poBcc 
were prepared for picketing 
bnt had not expected a “reck- 
less criminal rage”. 

“It was dearly designed to 
cause damage and was reck- 
less as to whether people were 
injared or not,” he said. Const 
Condon said the police recov- 
ered 24 baH bearings, some of 
which had penetrated tbe 
walls of temporary foldings 
on the site. 

“Had one of them hit a 
person it could have lolled,” 

He added that it was tbe 
first time that sod an incident 
had occurred in Kent and that 
his mu were co-mdinating a 
criminal mvestigatioe with tbe 
Metropolitan Police and other 
forces to determine who tbe 
intruders were, 

• Up to June 9, 918 people 
had been arrested and 799 
charged with various offences 
in connection with the 
Wapping dispute, Mr Giks 
Shaw, .Minster of State, 
Home Office, said in the 
Commons yesterday. 

He said that the charges 
ranged from threatening be- 
haviour to grievous bodily 
ham. None ofthe charges had 
been dropped. 

Sentences on the 474 people 
so far confided included con- 
ditional discharges, fines, and 
imprisonment. Tbe ioagest 
sentence had been one of 21 

Drivers’ fear, page 1 

were sought 
by Stalker 

By Peter Davenport 

The final phase of the It had also been disclosed to 

investigation of the Royal The Times that Mr Stalker 
Ulster Constabulary by Mr had a confidential meeting 
John Stalker, the senior officer with senior officers of M15 in 
who has been removed from London last year to secure 
the inquiry, would have called their permission for the re- 
fer more than 40 changes in lease of a surveillance tape 
operating procedures. that he regarded as containing 

Sources dose to the inquiry possibly vital evidence in tbe 
team of detectives say the investigation of the shooting 
recommendations would have to death of one man and the 
urged a substantial reorganjza- wounding of a second by an 
lion of the Special Branch in RUC undercover team at a 
Northern Ireland, bringing in hay barn in Lurgan in 1983. 
much more accountability The team of detectives un- 
than at present. der Mr Stalker believed the 

A much stronger role for the tape could contain evidence to 
CID in investigating shootings contradict the police version 
by police and specific guide- of the incident for which no 
lines for officers involved in one has ever been charged, 
cross-border operations were They also believed that the 
also recommended. two men had been lured into 

Mr Stalker, the deputy chief the trap by an agent 
constable ofGreater Manches- provocateur. 
ter, will now never be allowed Despite some early political 
to officially produce the rec- confusion about the status of 
ommendauons because of bis that part of MrStalker’s report 
removal from the investiga- already delivered, it was dear-, 
lion after disciplinary allega- ly maiiced interim and indeed 
lions were made against him. set out the further and inqui- 
His withdrawal came only ries still to be undertaken, 
four days before he was due to It was so detailed a docu- 
fly to Belfast to conclude the ment that it ran to 20 bound 
final phase of his team's volumes and when four copies 
investigation into seven were sent to Belfast in Septem- 
shootings, including six ber last year a private plane 
deaths, by RUC undercover flying from an RAF airfield in 

squads in 1 982. 

the North-west was used to 

During his intended visit, provide additional security. 
Mr Stalker planned to ques- The Stalker team was dis- 
tion Sir John Hermon, the mayed that the copy intended 
chief constable of tbe RUC, for the Northern Ireland Di- 
and Mr Michael Mac- rector of Public Prosecutions, 
Atamney, the deputy chief Sir Barry Shaw, remained on 
constable, about whether they Sir John Hermon's desk until 
had any advance knowledge of February, 
the operations that led up to Mr Stalker, had been head- 
Ihe shootings, and subsequent ing the inquiry into an alleged 
attempts to cover up the shoot-to-kill policy by the 


RUC for two difficult years in 

The Stalker report is under- wh ich he met, according to the 
stood to have questionned the team, persistent difficulties 
use of agents provocateurs to from the RUC in his inquiry, 
set up terrorist operations to He was removed from the 
trap wanted men, and would investigation because of a 
have called for the tighter disciplinary complaint that he 
control and handling of had kept “unwise associations 


with criminals in Manchester” 

“It would have been a only four days before he was 
damaging indictment of many due to fly to Belfast to 
aspects of the RUCs anti- conclude the final phase, the 

terrorist operations, a source 
close to the inquiry said. 

Continued on page 2, col 1. 

Lever revives England 
hopes in second Test 

By Our Sports Staff 

Seventeen wickets fell at 
Headingley, Leeds, yesterday 
on a frustrating day for En- 
gland supporters in the second 
Test against India. 

The Indians put out En- 
gland for just 102 and seemed 
to be heading for a quick win 
until John Lever, the swing 
bowler recalled at the age of 
37. gave England the chance of 

Lever, returning to Test 
cricket after a four-year ab- 
sence, revived England after 
they had fallen ] 70 behind on 
the first innings. He took three 
for 13 as India slid to 70 for 
five, a lead of 240. 

He also animated the 
Headingley crowd, who acted 
with the abandon of Mexicans 
by standing up and waving in 
rotation as he ran up to bowl. 
India's batsmen did not know 
what was going on. and nei- 
ther did those who have not 
seen the World Cup football 
finals on television. 

The Mexican wave unset- 
tled Mohammed Azharuddin 
to such an extent that he was 
Ibw as the spectators cavorted. 
Earlier the England batting 
had been extremely poor as 
they collapsed in 45 overs. 

Test report, page 40 
Other cricket, page 38 

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Scargill fails in court 
bid to exclude rebel 
from pay talks 


An attempt by Mr Arthur 

• • Scargill and the National 
"-Union of Mineworkers to 
'•-? -freeze the breakaway Union of 

Democratic Miners out of pay 
negotiations with British Coal 
' • failed in the High Court 

In a reserved two-hour 

• “judgement Mr Justice Scott 

declared that the 1 946 conrili- 
‘ ation agreement with the 

• NUM as the one negotiating 
• . body for mineworkers was not 

legally enforceable. 

He also declared that the 
1 -. National Reference Tribunal 
: •*■ the arbitration body set up to 
: • rule on disputes arising from 
>■ ■ the agreement, was no longer 
• in being. 

He added that the board 
was under a duty to enter into 
- l • consultation with both the 
: - NUM and foe UDM. 

The NUM had argued that 
the agreement was still legally 
binding and could only be 
: - terminated by consent In 
:• October last year they referred 
wage negotiations to the tribu- 
' nal, despite objections by the 
' board that the tribunal did not 
■ have jurisdiction. 

The board gave notice to 

tenumate the J946 scheme 
which, it argued, was not 
legally enforceable, but bind- 
ing in honour only. 

The judge said that the 
NUM as the sole negotianor 
for mineworkers had come to 
an end as a consequence of the 
“deep and bitter divisions" of 
the year-long pit strike. 

The board had taken the 
view that the exclusivity of the 
1 946 scheme had been “family 
undermined" by the strike, 
and bad negotiat e d and agreed 
a wage increase with Che 

The judge also granted the 
board an injunction restrain- 
ing the NUM from referring to 
the tribunal a dispute over an 
estimated £60 million short- 
fall in pension contributions 
after the strike. 

Individual NUM members 
also failed in their counter 
claim for a declaration to keep 
the 1 946 scheme alive until it 
was terminated by agreement 
with the union. 

Mr Ken Toon, UDM presi- 
dent said after the hearing: “It 
has been a wonderful day in 
many ways. The roadway is 
now a clearway for the UDM 

to drive forward and reach its 

• Yesterday. Mr Justice 
Mervyn -Davies finally re- 
stored to the NUM complete 
control of its £8 million funds 
seized by the court in Novem- 
ber 1984. 

Last week the judge indicat- 
ed that the union should have 
the money back as he was 
satisfied it would be in safe 
hands with the new trustees. 

But he said that Mr Michael 
Arnold, the receiver, should 
retain control of a breach of 
trust action against various 
banks and mineri* leaders, 
who be seeks to malm person- 
ally responsible for losses 
arising out of attempts to 
move assets abroad out of the 
reach of the courts. He is to 
retain £600,000 of the funds to 
fight that action. 

The Nottinghamshire area 
of the UDM is to get £36,317 
to cover costs and money it 
claims is owed to it by the 
NllM in a dispute over 
members' subscriptions. It un- 
dertook to repay any of the 
cash found not to belong to it. 

Law Report, page 33 

Renton adamant 
on GCHQ rebels 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

The Government has re- 
fused to rule out the dismissal 
of the rebel trade union mem- 

- bers at the GCHQ intelii- 
- gence-gaihering centre at 


The dispute between the 
Government and the civil 
service trade unions is on the 

- point of erupting into a con- 
.. floatation with many union 
* - members ready to walk out in 
. ; protest at the “persecution" of 

. the rebels. 

Mr Timothy Renton, a 
Foreign Office minister, con- 
firmed yesterday that the pay 
would be docked of the em- 
ployees who had rejoined 
trade unions and that other 
jobs would be found for them 
outside the sensitive commu- 
nications base. 

Their promotion prospects 
would also be affected and 
they would not be considered 
for overseas posts. 

He had been called to the 
Commons yesterday by la- 
bour MPs outraged by the 
disciplinaiy action. 

The Government is anxious 
to prevent another fierce dis- 
pute over the 16 rebel union 
members, but Mr Renton 
made plain that the Govern- 
ment was determined to rid 

GCHQ of any threat of disrup- 

Leaders of the civil service 
unions will meet Sir Robert 
Armstrong, Head of the Civil 
Service, on Monday to com- 
plain about what they de- 
scribed as “draconian” 
penalties. They are also press- 
ing for a meeting with Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 

The rebels rejoined unions 
after the original ban was 
ruled unlawful by the Europe- 
an Court of Human Rights. 
Union leaders and Labour 
MPs are to examine the 
legality of the new penalties. 

Disciplinaiy action has 
been taken against 13 of the 

They will lose annual incre- 
ments for the next two years, 
which amount to between 
£1 ,000 and £2,000 each. Three 
other employees have been 
told they will face disciplinary 
action for rejoining. 

Mr Alistair Graham, gener- 
al secretary of the Civil and 
Public Services Association, 
said be had received telephone 
calls from colleagues who said 
they were prepared to take 
protest action. 

Parliament, page 4 

by slump 

Nicholas Wood 

Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
admitted yesterday that he 
had been caught unawares Jby 
a mini-stamp in the British 
economy, which was inevitably 
denting short-term joh 

The result, be said, was that 
while inflaHnn was likely to be 
lower than forecast at the time 
of the Budget, so was growth. 

Mr Lawson said: “In com- 
mon with other major conn- 
tries, our economy has lately 
been experiencing a pause in 
the remarkable growth it has 
enjoyed since the trough of tire 
world recession. 

“This does mean that, for 
this year, while the rate of 
inflatio n is likely to be even 
lower than I forecast at die 
time of the Budget, the rate of 
output g ro wth may be slightly 
lower too." 

Official figures released 
yesterday show that in the fust 

quarter of this year, gross 
domestic product rose by 0.7 
per cent Inflation was forecast 
to fall to 35 per cent, but it has 
already slipped to 2S per cent 
Growth figures, page 21 

A disused factory in the West 
Midlands echoing to the crack of plastic 
bullets and the clatter of police riot 
shields yesterday, in a display for the 
media. The building, whose location is 
not being publicized, is used by the 
West Midlands force for riot control 
training, supported by men from the 
Tactical Firearms Unit, who fire the 
plastic bullets. Senior officers empha- 
sized yesterday that such bullets were 
weapons of last resort- 
Earlier this week. Sir Lawrence 
Byford, the Chief Inspector of 

Constabulary, said in his annual repent 
that plastic bullets and CS gas must be 
available to the police for use if they 
were the only means of dealing with, 
serious disorder. 

The police demonstrated yesterday 
how a loud-hailer would be used to 
warn rioters three times to disperse or 
face the use of special weapons. The 
third time the message adds: “There 
will be no further warning” and at that 
point a 20-man police support unit with 
riot shields is joined by men armed 
with plastic bullets. 

Northern Ireland Assembly 

Loyalists seek new venue 

“Loyalist" leaders are plan- 
ning to set up an unofficial 
Northern Ireland Assembly 
after a vote in the Commons 
to close Stonnont and end the 
latest in a long line of failed 
political initiatives in the 

The Unionist-controlled 
Belfast City Council is to be 
asked next week to give ap- 
proval for the Victorian city 
hall to be used as a meeting 
place for redundant Unionist 
assembly members. 

The members want to use 
the council chamber as a 
political platform against the 
Anglo-Irish agreement, even 
though the Rev Ian Paisley, 
leader of the Democratic 
Unionist Party, has called for 
mobilization of loyalists be- 
cause he believes democratic 
opposition to the deal is over. 

Already there have been 
reports of 2,000 loyalists pro- 
testing in Portadown, Co Ar- 
magh. and of 400, some 
dressed in paramilitary uni- 
forms, gathering at an isolated 
forest near Ballymena, Co 

By Richard Ford 

Antrim, to demonstrate 
again si the dissolution of the 
ill-fated 78-member Northern 
Ireland Assembly. 

The assembly's life ended 
after a debate at Stormont 
lasting until the early hours of 
yesterday morning Already 
Mr John Kennedy, the clerk, 
has written to the SO Unionist 
members who have been par- 
ticipating in its proceedings 
telling them to dear their 

The attempt to use the city 
hall as an alternative assembly 
will be bitterly resisted by 
nationalist and Alliance Party 
councillors, but the Unionist 
majority will ensure victory 
for the plan when it is dis- 
cussed on Tuesday. 

Mr Sammy Wilson, the lord 
mayor, who is a member of 
the DUP, said: “The mam 
purpose of continuing meet- 
ings iS-toTughlight the totally 
ntefal -way in which the 

Unionists wanting to use the 
city hall for democratic debate 
when they have been conduct- 
ing an adjournment campaign 
in the 18 local councils they 
control as part of their opposi- 
tion to the agreement 

Mr Will Glendinning of the 
Alliance Party, said that the 
council should not make itself 
open for use by itinerant 

Although they will continue 
to meet as an unofficial body 
after the Privy Council has 
formally approved the closure 
of the three-and-a-half-year- 
old assembly. Unionist mem- 
bers will no longer be entitled 
to the annual £10,000 and 
£7,000 expenses that most 
have been drawing in spite of 
failing to fulfil their statutory 
obligations . since last 

The dosure of the Northern 
Ireland Assembly will save the 
Government an estimated 

spn . 

Government has dealt with . '£2.7 mHHon a year and will 
Unionists in the assembly." ' deprive a second tier of 
But opposition councillors Unionists a body in which to 
were highlighting the irony of cut their political teeth. 

for death 

By Sheila Garni 
Politi cal Staff 

A group of 65 Conservative 
MPs launched a c ampaign 

yesterday to bring back the 
death penalty fot terrorist 
offences, after the Prime 
Minister's outspoken support 

for capital punishment m the 
wake of the Brighton bomb 

Although they are unlikely 
to succeed in their .a item pi to 
have the issue debated in the 
Commons, they are to press 
for it to be included in the 
manifesto for the next 

Leaders of the campaign are 
Sul Ian Percivaf, MP for 
Southport and a former Solici- 
tor General; Sir Julian 
Ridsdale, MP for Harwich 
and a former defence minister; 
and Sir John Bigg-Da vison, 
MP for Epging Fore st an d 
chairman of the backbench 

Northern Ireland committee. 

Neatly all of the group 
voted to bring back hanging 
after the last debale on July 
13, 1983. Two had not been 
elected and one did not vote. 

The motions to restore the 
death penalty for. various of- 
fences were defeated by be- 
tween 81 and 275 votes. The 
majority against the motion 
for terrorist offences was 124. 

Last week Mrs MargarU 
Thatcher reiterated her belief 
that the death penalty should 
be restored for “hideous 
crimes". She said she had 
always voted for capital pun- 

The Government has tradi- 
tionally sided away from legis- 
lating for the return of the 
death penalty, in spite of 
strong support for it -in the 

Significantly, most of those 
on Mrs Thatcher’s manifesto 
strategy team are known to 
favour its return. The seven- 
man team set up this week 
indudes two victims of the 
Brighton bomb - Mr Norman 
Tebbit, the party chairman, 
and Mr John Wakeham, Gov- 
ernment Chief Whip. In 1983 
they voted for the death 
penalty, together with Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer. 

Of the other team members, 
Mr Douglas HunL Home 
Secretary, voted against it in 
1983 and Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary, who 
was in Washington at tire time 
of the debate, is also believed 
to be opposed. 

The seventh member is 
Lend Whitdaw, the deputy 
Prime Minister and Leader of. 
the- Lords. When Home Secre- 
tary he said that he would be 
prepared to abide by the vote 
of the Commons. 

Stalker wanted wide RUC reorganization 

Continued from page 1 
inquiry into the hay bam 
shooting and to finalize his 

There could have been po- 
litical repercussions from that 
part of the investigation, in- 
cluding the interviews with Sir 
John and his deputy, at a 
sensitive time in the Province. 

The Stalker team had been 
detailed to investigate a total 
of seven shootings, including 
six deaths, by RUC undercov- 
er squads in 1 982. The interim 
repon dealt mainly with the 
incident on November 11 in 
which three IRA men were 
killed and an incident on 
December 12 when two INLA 
men died. RUC officers later 
accused of the murders were 
subsequently all acquitted. 

The report was believed to 
recommend charges of con- 
spiracy to perven the course 
of justice and conspiracy to 
murder against other officers 
in connection with those two 

But it was the killing of a 
boy. aged 17. and the wound- 
ing of another man in the 
Lurgan hay bam on Novem- 
ber 24 that was the most 
sensitive and threatened to be 
the most potentially damaging 
of ihe incidents. 

During that inquiry Mr 
Stalker and his team discov- 
ered that the hay bam h3d 
been bugged by MI5 and that 
possibly vital evidence was 
contained on a tape recording. 
The team was persistently 
denied access to that tape. 

Finally Mr Stalker met se- 

Mr John Stalker began his career as 
with the old Manchester dty force in 
1958 aged 19 (Peter Davenport writes). 

Three years later he moved to C3D as 
a detective constable and rose through 
the ranks to become a detective 
superintendent in charge of the city’s 
Moss Side division by 1978. During 
that time he had four years with Special 
Branch, and served as deputy head of 
the dty bomb squad during a campaign 
by Irish terrorists in the mid-1970s. 

In 1978 become head of Warwick- 
shire ClD with the rank of detective 
chief superintendent. Two years later he 
returned to the Greater Manchester 
police force as assistant chief constable 
(finance and administration). 

He spent a year as one of only two 
officers on a course at the Royal College 
of Defence Studies in London, studying 
government and social conditions 
around the world, specializing In South 
America where he spent some time. 

As an assistant chief constable he 
investigated corruption in the South 
Yorkshire force; one detective was 
jailed and disciplinary action taken 
against other officers. 

Mr Stalker was appointed deputy 
chief constable of Greater Manchester 
in 1984. Ten weeks later he took on the 
Northern Ireland inquiry. 

Aged 47, he is married with two 
daughters, aged 17 and 20, and lives on 
a smallholding in Warburton, Cheshire. 

nior MIS officers in London 
and they said that as long as 
iheir field agents were not 
compromised they would not 
stand in the way of a murder 

Their permission was given 
in April last year. Mr Stalker 
however had still not heard 
the tape before he was re- 
moved from the inquiry and 
expected to have been given 
access to it on his plumed 
June visit to Belfast. 

Members of his team be- 
lieve it may now have been 
“doctored*’ to remove vital 
evidence. If so they will want 
to question the RUC opera- 
tive who had listened in to the 
bug with an army intelligence 
officer bidden near by. 

The ramifications of the 
extent of MI5 involvement in 
RUC covert operations in the 

Province could have political 

Mr Stalker has been re- 

placed on the inquiry by Mr 
Colin Sampson, the chief c 

'oiin Sampson, the chief con- 
stable of West Yorkshire, who 
is also heading the investiga- 
tion in the disciplinary allega- 
tions against him. 

The same team of detectives 
however from Greater Man- 
chester is now back in North- 
ern Ireland continuing their 
inquiries into the hay bam 
shooting but it is not thought 
Sampson’s eventual report 
could possibly be as wide- 
reaching on the RUC as Mr 
Stalker's was going to be after 
two years. 

Despite being on extended 
leave for almost four weeks 
now. neither Mr Stalker nor 
his lawyers have been told of 
any specific actuations he 

may face. They expea to meet 
Mr Sampson again early next 
week in the hope of either 
learning more details or to be 
told that Mr Stalker has been 
d eared and can return to his 
desk although he accepts he 
will never go back on the 
Northern Ireland inquiry. 

The allegations centre on 
his friendship with Mr Kevin 
Taylor, a wealthy Manchester 
businessman and former 
chairman of the city's Conser- 
vative Association. Mr Taylor 
has himself been under inves- 
tigation by Manchester detec- 
tives for almost a year and a 
report on the progress of their 
inquiry is now with the fraud 
division of the Director of 
Public Prosecutions. 

Mr Taylor was being inves- 
tigated as part of a wide- 
ranging police inquiry into 

possible major criminals and 
their associates in Manchester 
although it has been consis- 
tently stressed that be has no 
criminal record. The two men 
have been friends for 17 years. 

A photograph taken of Mr 
Stalker with other guests at Mr 
Taylor’s 50th birthday party 
more than four years ago is 
now in possession of police 
and is understood to be con- 
sidered as evidence of “unwise 
association" although there 
has never been any suggestion 
of anything criminal against 
Mr Stalker. 

Another allegation that has 
been made centres on a nine- 
day holiday in America that 
the two men shared in 1981 
when they went to visit a 
luxury yacht in Miami that Mr 

Taylor had bought. Although 
ud for : ' 

Mr Taylor paid for the tickets 
through an account at a local 
travel agents that he held, Mr 
Stalker had insisted he reim- 
bursed his foil share before the 

If necessary he would be 
willing, say friends, to produce 
his building society account 
book as evidence of the with- 
drawal of £300 which was his 
share of the holiday cost. 

Sources close to the Stalker 
team believe that once knowl- 
edge of his connection with 
Mr Taylor became more wide- 
ly known it was seized upon in 
Northern Ireland as a means 
of removing him from the 
RUC inquiry on the ground 
that he could be com- 

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Webster play fails to 
sell at £170,000 

B; Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 


The four-page manuscript 
a play attributed to 
Shakespeare’s contemporary 
John Webster, which was 
found recently among the 
archives at Melbourne House 
in Derbyshire failed to find a 
buyer at Bloomsbury Book 
Auctions yesterday. 

The auctioneers had been 
talking of a price about 
£400,000. but the hammer fell 
at £170,000. 

Lord Lothian, who owns 
Melbourne House, bad recent- 
ly transforod ownership of the 
manuscript to the charity he 
has set up to run the famous 
gardens at Melbourne, laid out 
in the manner of Versailles. 

It was intended that the 
proceeds of the manuscript 
sale would go towards an 
endowment for the upkeep of 
the gardens. 

About £500,000 is 
for the purpose and the tenure 
of the manuscript to sell 
means that other Melbourne 
archives may have to be 

There are the papers of Sir 
John Coke, private secretary 
to Charles t, among which the 
play manuscript had survived, 
the papers of Lord Melbourne, 
Queen Victoria's first Prime 
Minister and husband of Lady 
Caroline Lamb. 

The reason that foe four- 
page play manuscript failed to 
sen seems to have been two- 
fold. Scholars have not yet had 
time to study and debate its 
authorship and its importance 
is thus not yet rally es- 

Second, the market dis- 
agreed with the auctioneers on 
foe price. 

There was an old 
drawings and 

of Edward Lear’s 
sold at Sotheby's yesterday 

Nonsense proves 
lucrative export 

need to 
of non- 

The nation 
come to the 
sense. Yc 
the lost of Edward Lear’s 
manuscripts of A Book of 
Nonsense left in this country 
was sold for £143,000 (esti- 
mate £40,000^60 JM0). 

It fa (me of the best of the 
eight that are known to exist, 
and, unless something is done 
about It, it will join the other 
serai in the United States. 

While Sotheby’s treated its 
ctient as strictly anoftymoas, 
dealas identified the buyer as 
Mr Frederick Koch, an Ameri- 
can millionaire. 

The manuscript has 79 of 
Lear’s limericks and drawings 
on bine writing paper and 
bound into two volumes. It is 
probably an early production, ‘ 
preceding the first publication 
of foe Book of Nonsense in 
1845, and it contains limericks 
that were never published in 
Lear’s lifetime. 

Prices rocket for 
book illustrations 

ntnstatted books and book 
aiustrafiOns have soared in 
price at Sotheby's ever foe last 
two days (Geraldine Norman 

The single most important 
force in foe sadden boom was a 
private collector, believed to be 
Mr Koch, hiddfng over tin 
telephone, whose single most 
spectacular purchase was foe 
Lear manuscript. 

The buyer spent £23460 
(estimate £15 K;^-£20,000) to 
trathm by Deteiidd, and made ‘ 
a corner in ink drawings by 
Charles Ricketts, spending 
£12,650 (estimate £4,000- 
££000) on his frontispiece 
drawing to foe Vale Press 
edition of Milton’s EortyPo- 

£8,250 (estimate 
"1 for another 
Vale Press frontispiece and 
£4,620 (estimate £3,000- 
£4,000) for a drawing of two 
figures in a garden. 

Other highlights of the 
three-session auction included 
William Blake's Illustrations 
to the Book of Job, bought for 
£9,680 (estimate £3300- 
£5,000) by Hirschl and Adler, 
and a prepa ra tory drawing for 
Alice’s Adventures in Wonder- 
land by Sir John Tenaiet at 
£37,460 (estimate £25,000- 

The two-day sale totalled 
£968324 with 11 per cent left 

The chief ca ri o sit y of 
Sotheby’s sale of important 
French furniture was a 
Dfrectoae day bed, identical to 
the one on which Madame 
Recamfer reclines m foe fam- 
ous portrait of her by Jacques 
Louis David, which in 
The Louvre. 

at college 
grant after 



The University Grants 
Committee is to reconsider a 
proposed cut of 35 per cent in 
the grant for Birfcbcdc College. 
London, because of foe scale 
of protea which has greeted 
foe possibility of its dosure. 

However. Sir Peter Swin- 
nerton-Dvcr. chairman of the 
UGC. matte dear yesterday 
that he did not accept 
Birkbeck's arithmetic and that 
the college needed to prov ide 
some facts so the committee 
could reach a decision _ on 
funding at its meeting on July 
10 . 

“Birkbeck is dearfy incapa- 
ble of etemenrarv arithmetic," 
he told The Times. “The 
college is very strong on 
rhetoric but distinctly wea k on 
numbers. The representations 
we have received display a 
high degree of indignation but 
very few produce much in the 
wav of facts." 

Birkbeck is foe only univer- 
sity college in foe country 
which is devoted entirely to 
face-to-face teaching of part- 
time studeirts, who earn their 
firing during the day and 
study in the 'evening 

It 'was founded by George 
Birkbeck in -1823 for “self 
improvement by self hdp". 

The college says v it fibs a 
one-third cat in its recurrent 
grant as a result of foe UGCs 
decision to alter the funding 
formula for' part-time stu- 
dents. In foe past Birkbeck *s 
undergraduates have been 
funded bv London University 
at 0.8 of fcifl-tinie students. 

The UGC is proposing that 
part-timers be funded at half 
the amount of foU- time 

The college stands to lose 
£2.4 million a year as a result, 
a sum which would threaten 
its existence. Sir Peter S win- 
ner! on-Dyer said that it was 
impossible to square foe £2.4 
million with the 35 per cent 
figure, and that the college had 
done its sums wrong." ~ 
Asked whether the UGC 
had taken Birkbeck into ac- 
count when formula ling foe 
new part-time unit cost, he 
said: “The answer probably is 
no." Birkbeck was a specialist 
institution and may come out 
“mildly oddly" on foe sort of 
criteria the UGC was 

A number of prominent 
peers are concerned about 
BirkbeckV future. They in- 
dude Lord Denning, a former 
Master of foe. Rolls. Lord 
GKnrondt whoJbias Urged the 
Government to give a “dear 
undertaking that this unique 
college will continue and its 
future is assured", and Lord 
Scarman, chairman of foe 
Court of the University of 

‘Life of fear’ 
for drivers 
at Wapping 

Drivers who work for TNT 
and deliver newspapers for 
News International live in fear 
because of foe Wanting dis- 
pute. a court was tala yester- 

Mr Michael Cunningham, a 
solicitor defending a TNT 
driver w&o smashed a van 
window with a wheelbrace 
after being intimidated, told 
Thames Magistrates Court: 
“Ninety two windows have 
been smashed, 107 vans dam- 
id, tyres have been steshed. 
drivers have been assault- 
ed. some dragged from their 
vehicles, 46 have been threat- 
ened at home and 16 TNT 
vans have been rammed." 

Keith Lawrence, aged 47. of 
Redbil), Surrey, who admitted 
damaging a window valued at 
£91. was fined £25 and or- 
dered to pay fall compen- 
sation. . 

SNP. choice 

Mr Ian Smith, aged 49. a 
businessman, was adopted as 
Scottish National Party pro- 
spective parliamentary 
candidate for foe Western 
Isles last bight' Mr Donald 
Stewart SNP president and 
foe sitting MP, will retire at 
the next election. 



The sale made £889,295' 
with 24 per cent left unsold. 
■The top price of the day was 
£50,600 (estimate £40,000- 
£60,000) for a Lank XV black 

lacquer commode attributed to 
Pierre Roussel, which had 
been sent for sale by Henry 
Ford D. . ^ 

Christie's sale iff important 
nineteenth jsenfimy pictures 
met an nnnevea market as did 
the similar sales at Sotheby's 
earlier In the week. The fall off 
in interest in Orientalist pic- 
tures was reflected hi' the 
failure of a J F Lewis to find a 
buyer at £150,000. 

The highest flyer was a 
portrait of ft pretty tittle girl 
with a basket of (lowers by sir 
John Ewrett MGIIais. The 
“Portrait of Grads' 





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4 !• 

An dectrifian fittm Oias- 
gpW; was cleared, by a jury, at 
the Central .-CHtninai Court 
yesterday . of providing ; a 
“launch . pad” for a 
“diaboficaT ’ planned .IRA 
bomb onslaught; Jii mainland 

John ' Boyle, aged 26, 
slumped forward, fo the .dock 
and smiled as.. the ..foreman 
gave the unanimous verdicts 
on theiiitb day of his trial.' 

'He; was cleared of ^procur- 
ing, counselling,, aidmg, abet- 
ting or -being an accessory to 
the commission of Grime by 
Patrick Magee, aged 35, and 
three other Provisional IRA 
conspirators. Gerard McDon- 
nell, aged 35, Martina, Ander- 
son, aged ' 23, . and EUa 
O’Dwyer, 26, by assisting with 
the provision of premisCs and 
the storage - of materials for 
causing explosions; between 
January and June last year. . 

“• The. jury also cleared Mr 
B 6 yle of having in his posses- 
sion Or control explosive sub- 
stances, with, intent to 
endanger life or cause serious 

injury to pn^xa^ .m the 
United KiMdom, or enabling 
another to od so last Jane. 

He was also found hot guilty 
of a third charge! of being ah 
accessory to the commisison' 
of a crime by Magee and the 
others by secreting material 
for causing explosrohs In the 

Mr R<ty;Am^rtT -for die 
prosecDtiprChad tcudihe jury 
that Boyle'provided axnicial 
safe base from whkh the 
Provisional IRA could hunch 
the “deadly** campaign In 
which 16 bombs were to be 
exploded, four iirLpridtm and' 
12 rn seaside towns: 

Mr Axnlot had alleged that 
Mr Boyle bad knowm^y rent- 
ed a room on the top floor of. 
1 7. James. Gray Street, Glas- 

gow, whoe he Bved with his; : 
mother Frances, fo Mageeand ■ 
his IRA active service unit 

The "diabolical, and das-, 
taidly pfot”, sjdtidr mduded 
the use of. timodday bombs, 
required elaborate prepara- 
tion, Mr Amlot saicL The 
potters would never, have 
risked using the room if. Mr 
Boyle himself was not “in the 
: know”. 

But Mr Boylei a quietly 
spoken single man, told the 
jury that he had no idea the 
four people in -the room were 
-turning itmto* bomb&ctory. 
He said-that after he read of 
the group's arrest he looked in 
the room, found a rifle in a : 
Vg , and moved a . large 1 
-amount of material into the 
. cellars. He did not realize, at 
t he time that among the items 
was 140 pounds ofgetigoiie. 

. Mr 3pyk said that he 
moVed whai tomed out to be 
the group’s, cache of bomb- 
making equipment “out of 
panic"! He (fid riot tefl the 
police^, even after his own 
arrest, ' because he was 
“frightened”. • • • 

• Magee is to be sentenced 
next week, probably on Mon- 
day, for the bomb conspiracy 
. and the IRA bombing of the 

Expert on 
Aids wants 

for addicts 

By Patricia Gough 

A specialist in .Aids yester- 
day proposed that drug ad- 
dicts be issued with free 

syringes to help to prevent the 
disease spreading. 


••••'>: r • 


■jKsmtx® j 


Rolls of barbed wire lybtg stacked in front of Stonehenge where police in Wiltshire arrested 200 hippies yesterday to prevent “peace convoys” 
converging on the English Hwitage site where they hoped to stage a summer solstice festival (Photograph; Suresh Karadia). 

Drag company profits 

Fowler deal to end squeeze 

Taxis may face partial 
ban in Oxford Street 

By Nicholas Tumniiis, Social Services Correspondent 

By Mark Dowd 

Grand Hotel, Brighton, and i 
die murders of five ' people | 
- attending -the Conservative 
Party conference in October 

; He, . McDonnell, O’Dwyer, 
-Anderson and Peter Sherry, 

** aged -30, were convicted by the 
sameCenlral Girninal; Court 
jury last week of the “bemb-a- 
da^ conspiracy. 

Donal Craig, aged 26, who 

cy, and Shaun McShane, aged 
32, who admitted aiding and 
abetting tile IRA unit, are to 
be sentenced also next week. 

Drug companies are to be 
allowed to inenease their prof- 
its .in . a. reversal of the 
Government’s squeeze of the 
ind ustry’s profit margins over 

l ^ti!e industry accepts the 
deal now on oner, the new 
Pharmaceutical Price Regula- 
tion Scheme win run for ax 
years from October, with pro- 
vision for a review after three- 
years. • - 
Under proposals --an- 
nounced by Mr Norman 
Fowler; Secretary -of State for 
Social Soviets, profit limits 
,wffl rise by 1.5 per cent from 
October and by a further 2 pear 
coat from October next year. 

- Rom. 1988, the Govern- 
ment is proposing that profits 
should be linked to the aver- 
age return on investment of 
companies in the Financial 

Times 500 index. That would 
keep the mdasuys profits in 
line with the average profit- 
ability of the UK industry 

The proposals come in the 
wake of a three-year squeeze 

Doctors in Holland de- 
scribed yesterday how they 
punctured the harts of three 
10 - week-old embryos inside a 
mother’s womb to ensure she 
did not have aD of the five 
babies she was carrying. The 
other two were left to develop 
normally and after in Hnevent- 
U pregnancy woe born as 
healthy giris. 

Writing in The Lanas, the 
doctors said- tint the multiple 
pregnancy occurred after a 
woman, aged 34, received hor- 
mone treatment for infertility 
and they derided to redace the 
quintuplet pregnancy to a twin 

wake of a three-year squeeze 
by the Government on phar- 
maceutical industry profits. 

The package indudes limit- 
ing the industry’s expenditure 
on sales {nomotion to the 
present figure of 9 per cent, 
although in cases where a 
significant new drug is 
launched extra spending 
would be allowed for a fimited 

• Health minis ter* have been 
advised to ensure many more 
people are vaccinated against 
hepatitis, it was disclosed last 
night (the Press Association 

The recommendation, from 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security joint commit- 
tee on vaccination and immu- 
nization, comes after 
mounting concern over the 
rise in the 

London’s taxi drivers fear 
they could become an endan- 
gered species in Oxford Street 
if proposals affecting one of 
the capital's most popular 
shopping areas are given the 

Plans leading to the possible 
pedestrianization of Oxford 
Street will be announced on 
Tuesday by Mr Alan Bradley, 
chairman of Westminster City 
Council’s Planning and De- 
velopment Committee. 

Mr Bradley was also the 
chairman of a steering group 
which has been examining the 
problems of traffic and pedes- 
trian congestion in the area, 
during the past year. 

Mr Harry Shepherd, of the 
Oxford Street Traders' Associ- 
ation, declined to give any 
specific details of the 

“I don’t like to use the word 

radical,” he said. “Shall we say 
there are certain revolutionary 
proposals which are to be 
unveiled next week." 

There were no plans, be 
said, to steal a march on taxi 
drivers and impose a complete 

Mr Arnold Sandler, chair - 1 
man of the Licensed Taxi 
Drivers' Association, conced- 
ed that be had not seen the 
details of the proposed alter- 
ations. “but I've a feeling that 
they're trying to make it into 
another Brent Cross. Twenty- 
eight years of being a taxi 
driver has told me to expect 
the worst." 

disease spreading. 

Dr Tony Pinching, senior 
lecturer and consultant immu- 
nologist at Si Mary's Hospital 
Paddington, west London, 
said that the scheme could 
“stop overnight" the sharing 
of needles, which was one of 
the main sources of Aids 

It would also be an extreme- 
ly cheap method of preventing 
the killer disease. Dr Pinching 
told a London conference 
oiganized by the Terrence 
Higgins Trust and the London 
Borough of Hammersmith 
and Fulham. 

He suggested that syringes 
or needles be given to addicts 
by local health authorities, on 
condition they returned the 
one they had been using. That 
would prevent old syringes 
being left around for other 
people to use. 

The scheme was being tried 
in Amsterdam and no increase 
in drug abuse had been found. 
It had also led to more 
opportunities for drug addicts 
to receive health advice. Dr 
Pinching sakL 

Politicians were reluctant 
to give the impression that 
the)’ were condoning an illegal 
activity, he said. 

He urged social workers, 
who made up most of the 
conference audience, to put 
pressure on politicians. 

Contingency plans have al- 
ready been drawn up for a 
campaign against any new 
measures that would endanger 
the interests of cab drivers. 

• An Aids epidemic spread by 
heterosexual intercourse was 
forecast yesterday by another 
authority on sexual diseases. 
Professor Michael Adler, of 
the Middlesex Hospital, 

World-wide the number of 
cases of Aids which followed 
heterosexual intercourse and 

drug taking was far greater 
than that from homosexual 

than that from homosexual 
activity, he said. 

■* - - 
•/T- ■ ^ 

f' yy ^ - 


Parents who pat 
children at risk 


Lord BUndford, whose trial 
dale has been *Bno*Mte& 



date set 

Lord Blandford, aged 30, is 
to stand trial on Octofaer 6 on 
chaiges of supplying and pos- 
sessing cocaine. - 
The son of the Duke of 
Marlborough; he was in court 
to hear counsel set a date for 
the trial which iscxpected .to 
last about three weeks. - 
Four, men and a woman 
have been charged with him 
on drugs-relaied offences. No 
pleas .were entered al yester- 
day hearing at Knightsbridge 
Crown Court, central London. 
-Lord Blandford, has been 
indicted in "the. name- of 
Charles James Spencer- 
ChtmML — - 

He is the great-nephew- of 
Sir ‘Winston Chuithill andJs 
heir to Blenheim .Palace, 
1 1,500 acres in Oxfordshire, 
the title .of the Duke* of 
Marlborough - * . 

- Parents may-be-nnwittingly 
.risking the fives of their 
children m road accidents by 
incorrectly mstaHmg child 
safetyaeais in the rear of their 
cars; according to experts. 

A case report of a crash in 
which , a . child. ,, aged 18 
months, was lolled, despite, 
being strapped into a safety 
seat, while the driver survived 
with a broken leg, is published 
in th & British Medical Journal 
today. ' . 

The child would probably 
have survived bad the seat 
been instaDedconectly,medi- 
cal and road safety experts say. 
The seat was of approved 
British standards and its type, 
BS 3254, has bedx effective in 
many accidents. V .. . 

. ' Previous studies :have 
shows that 13 per cent of 
children in car safety seats 
were in wrongly anchored 

In the latest case, the seat 
was designed, for four-point 
mounting, but had not been 

installed in .accordance with 
the fitting instructions. The* 
seat’s two upper restraining 
snaps fed down vertically 
behind the back of the 
hatchback’s rear seal and 
linked into anchorage point! 

' in the floor of the luggage area. . 
". The upper straps should 
ideally he anchored horizon- 
tally behind the car seal but 
many parents have difficulty 
in fitting the safety seats 
properly because of the lack of | 
suitable anchorage points. 

‘ “The anrect fitting of this 
type of dfild seal is vital” Mr 
David Ross, a surgeon, at 
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, 
and co-author of the.rpport, 

He investigated the cate 
with the help ofVehide Safety 
Consultant^ of Salisbury. 

During the crash, luggage 
moved forward, a catch re- 
taining the sptit-section rear 
seat foiled, and the seat back 
and toe child seat rotated 
forward violently. 

If your capital 


it’s in the 

wrong [dace. 

i— -j: ^q£CT,—i B 

Court shown 

‘Missing’ major’s 
kindness is repaid 

carnage video 

Byltficiiiel HorsneB 

Apolice video was shown lb 
Leicestershire -county : magis-: 
irates yesterday to illustrate 
the “motorway carnpge” 
caused by drivers alleged, to 
have travelled too fort and too 
dose in dense fog, : : ^ ' 
Of 26 people chained with 
careless driving after a multi- 
ple crash on the Mfrmotprway 
last October, 1 i pleaded guilty 
by letter and were fined be- 
tween £60 ■ and ’ £75" each 
yesterday. The other 15 cases 
were adjourned:'.. 

: The British Army of the 
Rhine .is searching • for a 
^missing” .'British major 
whose kindness at the end of 
tbe^Seomd World . War . to a 
sick German doctor has led to 
a charitable windfall 
- Dr Walfoer Gosmaxm was 
in hospital in Herford, West 
Germany, then in the British; 
occupation zone, ' |i» ‘ April 
1946and believed to be dyrng . 
wbeaTthe major received a 
request for drugs to save, his 
fife. .. . ... • 

Despite the ndes .wgainst : 
frateraizaiioa; the Britirii-affi- .. 
cer, obtained a, supply , of 

penicillin from -the RAF hos- 
pital at Rinteln near by- The 
drug saved Dr Gosmann. 

Dr Gosmann died earlier 
this month aged 87 , leaving a 
large bat undisclosed sum to 
charities connected with tire 
British Army. 

: r -' All that his fomily has been 
able to left the Army is that the 

• major’s naraewas Taylor. 

Major Rohm Stew, of 4 
- Ar m our ed Division, BAOR, 

• m Herford, said yesterday “I 
am just hoping that something 
will trigger someone's recol- 

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Airlines lure back tourists 

- Airlines iefine that .they 
are winmng the battle to. 
attract back tourists; ' 
British Airways Grists that 
bookings hove reco ve red to 
60,000 a -week, abort normal 
for the time of year, afthoagfc it 
has asked its staff to consider 
taking m to three norths 7 
rapad leave tins summer in 
an attempt to cat costs, in the 

The difficulty is tint three 
was a hiatus in the wake of the" 
United States air raid on 
Libya, and many; of- to«se 
missing rctenatiousitiU iiefer . 
he retrieved.. ; -.-‘.v- ■ • 

British Airways .staff xho 
can be spared whfle ihe pas- 
senger . funinO; persists are 
being offeredaiiy unpaid lime 
off they; care to take, ot the 

vy yv v N W— -j |-r . • " - V. ; H 

work to keyo perationad areas 

By Robin Yotmg 
forpart oftheir wortingvede, 
wititontfoss of pay: 

Meanwhile, the£5J mflfion 
campaign top^soate Ameri- 
cans to restate fheir transat- 
fentic continues trith 

svreeprtake praes, Such as a 
Cono)rde ibght or a £50fr 
shopping TODcfaer r to be; won 
Ofl every flight 

‘ The monthly quizes offered 
ni^iide a-Rrtfe-Royeei.iise of 
Coocorde for«^t hoars, or a 
fiveryor kase' on a Chrtsea 
flat. . / \. 

' British VCafedODfu, which 
bat month muMKmced plans to 

and dose^foor rales. 
has jrat finished showing han- 
dTe^s of American travel 
agerts diede%httofXoodoo 
on an rtfcesveuses paid trip. # 

• It has nfoo been hommg m 
on any wvajlaWe marketing 

opportunities, so that when a 
you ag American tdephomd a 
San Frandscp radio station to 
ray that he wonM go to London 
if he could only afford it, he 
was mstsmtfy provided with a 
ticketand a week'sfree accom- 
modation at the HOton. 

TWa chtims to have “bert- 
enpricesdown to foe nab” and 
has produced w plethora of 
low-priced packages and free 
offers to . boost bnstness. As 
indocements for Britons flying 
to America it has also extend- 
ed its scheme offering any 
(fight within foe US forS40. 

'One of foe more twosnal 
incentives bn offer at present 
comes from' Thomas Cook 
Holidays. To promote a new 
..beach resort in-* 
company is offamg hoCdajs 
at 4 juice whkh indudes all 
drfnfcs^ throughontthe stay. 

Haveyou checked what your moneyis eamingrecently? 

If you’ve got a few hundred, or a few thousand tucked away 
somewhere you’ll probably find it a profitable exercise to 
move it to file Woolwich. 

To be more specific, to a Woolwich Capital Account 

Our rate is now among the highest in the high street We 
are offering 7^0% netp.a which isworth 7.95% netp.a. ifyou 
leave file Interest in to earn more interest For basic rate 
taxpayers that’s equivalent to 11.20% gross. 

Those are truly exceptional figures for a no risk 
investment especially when you consider how simple our 
terms are. . 

The minimum investment is just £500 and there’s no 
upper limit to the amount you can invest 
' . Interest is normally paid every six months but you can 
. take it monthly if you prefer. 

- When you want to make a withdrawal, it’s best to give us - 
90 days’ notice. Then interest is paid right up to the last day. 
However, you can always have instant access if you need it 
You just give up 90 days’ interest 

There’s one exception. If you leave over&l 0,000 in your 
account you can make instant withdrawals without penalty 
subject to normal branch Emits. of up to &250 in cash or . 
£30,000 by cheque. 

So call in at your local Woolwich Branch, or fill in 
the coupon and send it to: Woolwich Equitable Building 
Society, Investment Department FREEPOST, Bexleyheath, 

p The Woolwich Capital Account | 

7.80% net p.a. = 7.95% net CAR = 1L20% Gross. 
Equivalent CAR for basic rate taxpayers. 

I/We enclose a cheque for £ ’ to be invested in 

a Woolwich Capital Account. With interest added half yearly O 

OR paid as Monthly Income □ I/We understand foe rales may vary. 
Please send me information on the Woolwich Capital Account □ 

’MinSSOO. Woolwich Investor YeslNo 

No stamp required. Tide box d re^nred. — J 






L J 

You’re better off with the Woolwich. 



‘Only 10%’ of elected 
councillors work 
for another authority 

Only 10 per cent of council- 
lors indulge in “twin- 
l racking” by working for one 
council when they are elected 
to another, according to a 
survey released yesterday by 
the VViddicombe committee. 

A large minority of 13 per 
cent hold elected office on 
more than one authority. 

A limited curb on “twin 
tracking*' was one of the most 
controversial of the S8 recom- 
mendations made in the final 
report from the five-member 
committee, sent to ministers 
on Thursday. 

The research data behind 
the report, issued yesterday in 
four volumes, amounted to 
the most comprehensive sur- 
vey of local government for 
many years. 

It lay behind the 
committee's proposed curbs 
on “twin tracking" which 
would force a few senior 
council officers to choose 
between their service as coun- 
cillors and their work as 

A survey, for the commit- 
tee. of 103 councils found that 
40 per cent had no twin-track 

By Hugh Clayton 

members. That left 60 per cent 
which had such members, but 
concern about their role was 
found in only 20 per cent of 
the 103 auihorities. 

•*We found that allegations 
and suspicions were more 
readilv available than hard 
evidence," the researchers for 
the committee found. 

Some councils, especially 
those deep in the countryside, 
had no twin-tracking. But in 
others a third of the council- 
lors might be involved in iL 

The researchers found wide- 
spread concern about the blur- 
ring of boundaries between 
the responsibilities of elected 
councillors and paid officers. 

That concern often went for 
practices beyond the narrow 
limits of twin-tracking. 

Few of those interviewed 
wanted a complete ban on 
l win-tracking. 

One unnamed chief execu- 
tive feared that teachers who 
were councillors would spread 
their political views in the 

Another cited a teacher who 
worked for one council but 
spent most working hours as 

the elected chairman of an 
influential committee on an- 
other counciL 

Some of those interviewed 
thought twin-tracking needed 
no tougher curb than full 
declaration of members' inter- 
ests that could affect their 
work as elected councillors. 

The committee called for 
lighter rules at meetings of 
councillor of one party on 
attendance by other politi- 
cians from the same party. 

Such politicians include 
chairmen of local Conserva- 
tive associations and officers 
and delegates of district La- 
bour Parties. 

The researchers found that 
in about 40 councils; almost 
all Labour, such meetings 
were attended by people 
barred by law from belonging 
to the councils because they 
worked for them. 

They found that such out- 
side politicians went to party 
meetings of councillors in 
about half of the Conservative 
authorities and almost all of 
the Labour ones in their 

tribute to 

Newcastle University yes- 
terday announced the setting- 
up of a Catherine Cookson 
lectureship in molecular 
‘ haematology to acknowledge 
gifts of more than £1 million 
from the novelist, who cele- 
brated her eightieth birthday 

The post, in the university 
medical school, is the first to 
be established with funds from 
the foundation set up by Mrs 
Cookson, who suffers from a 
rare blood disorder. 

Professor Laurence Martin, 
university vice-chancellor, 
said: “This lectureship marks 
the start of an entirely new 
scale of practical contribu- 
tions by Mrs Cookson to the 
academic activities and to the 
welfare of the region." 

The foundation was 
launched with more than 
£800.000 last December when 
Mrs Cookson. who lives in 
Northumberland, also handed 
over £90.000 for other medi- 
cal projects. 

The university said yester- 
day that a new gift of more 
than £160.000 had raised her 
donations to more than £1 

As part of her birthday 
celebrations. Mrs Cookson 
hopes to open next week an 
exhibition about her early life 
on Tyneside, the setting for 
most of her 64 novels. 

The display, at South 
Shields Museum, features a 
replica of the frontage of the 
Jarrow street where she spent 
her childhood, and a re- 
creation of her home kitchen 
as described in her autobiogra- 
phy. Our Kate. 

Mrs Cookson. who hefped 
with the design, said yester- 
day: “Certainly, if I am well 
enough, I shall be there, but I 
hope people will understand if 
I am too ill to attend." 

Judge’s advice on 
neighbours at war 

The police auihorities were 
called on in the High Court 
yesterday to change guidelines 
which recommend that war- 
ring neighbours should be 
made to confront each other. 

Mr Raymond Kidweli, QC, 
sitting as deputy judge, said 
that it had been “imprudent" 
of police officers to make 
Egyptian-born Adel Banoub 
confront the neighbour who 
had threatened him with a 

But he rejected the claim by 
Mr Banoub, aged 40. that he 
was beaten up by officers from 
Clapham police station. 

The judge said that he had 
sympathy for Mr Banoub. of 
Haslemere Road. Northolt, 
Middlesex, but the damages 
claim must fail. 

The judge said that when 

Mr Banoub, the father of two, 
was taken to confront Mr 
James Docherty, his neigh- 
bour, in Naylor House, Albion 
Avenue, Gapham, south Lon- 
don, he was frightened and 
had gone "completely loopy". 

Police had to restrain him, 
but be and Docherty were 
already exchanging blows, 
which left Mr Banoub with a 
broken nose, bruising and 

The judge ruled that the 
injuries were caused by Mr 
Docherty. who was a “violent 
man" who had deceived po- 
lice into setting up the 

He called on the police 
auihorities to take a careful 
look at the present guidelines. 

Mr Banoub was ordered to 
pay the costs of the action. 

Nicola Tsonkatos, one of the Wimbledon ballgirls, having her hair groomed by Rae Sta^Seld yesterday as preparations 
continued for the fortnight of tennis starting on Monday (Photograph: Bfll Warharst). 

gun death 
not suicide 

A solicitor who shot himself 
in the head with an automatic 
pistol did not commit suicide, 
a coroner ruled yesterday. 

There was no evidence to 
show that Mr Richard 
Trounson, aged 52, had any 
intention to take his life, Mr 
David Faulkner, the COtswold 
Coroner, said at an inquest in 
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. 

He had been told that Mr 
Trounson, a partner in a Bath 
firm of solicitors, was found 
dead in his potting shed at his 
home, the Garden House. 
Westonbirt, Gloucestershire, 
near the Highgrove House 
home of the Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales. 

His widow, Madeleine, said 
that on the morning of June 7 
she went to visit her son in 
Marlborough, leaving Mr 
Trounson at home. 

The coroner asked: “Had he 
ever threatened to take his 
own life?" She replied "No, 

Recording an open verdict, 
the coroner said: "There is no 
evidence of intention in this 
matter. It seemed to me that 1 
am bound by a divisional 
court decision that loading a 
gun and putting to the head 
and piffling the trigger cannot 
be treated as evidence of 
intent to lake one's own life." 

The Limehouse Petition 

Owen pledge on f 70m plan 

By Charles Kneritt, Architecture Correspondent 

Dr David Owen, leader of seated by the Prince of Wales nes to the petition, 

last week. 

the Social Democratic Party, 
promised yesterday to “block 
at every possible juncture" 
controversial plans by the 
British Waterways Board and 
Hunting Gate, the developers, 
for a £70 million offices and 
luxury housing scheme for 
Limehouse Basin, in east Lon- 

Dr Owen, who has lived in 
Limehouse for 21 years, said 
that local people would be 
"squeezed out” by the devel- 
opment He supported alter- 
native plans drawn up by the 
Limehouse Development 
Group, which would give 
them “part of the action". 

He suggested that the Lon- 
don Docklands Development 
Corporation should create dif- 
ficulties to ensure local people 
were given an effective voice 
in what was buiiL He believed 
there was concern about the 
official plan from within the 
planning committee of the 
development corporation. 

Dr Owen was speaking in 
Covent Garden, central Lon- 
don, at the launch of the 
Limehouse Petition, which re- 
ceived an honourable mention 
in The Times / Rojfcl Institute 
of Building Architects com- 
munity enterprise awards pre- 

He said that the plan drawn 
up by residents had grassroots 
support and that it would pay 
the developers to compro- 
mise. “We must win the battle 
of public opinion." be said. 

Mr Nick Wales, of the 
development group, said that 
the alternative scheme was a 
“test case for the nation to 
rebuild our shattered inner 

Limehouse Basin could be- 
come Britain's Baltimore, a 
reference to what is generally 
regarded as the most success- 
ful example of urban renewal 
in the United States. 

The initial signatories to the 
petition include, as well as Dr 
Owen, Mr Peter Shore, La- 
bour MP for Bethnal Green 
and Stepney and a former 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, Mr Ian 
Mikardo, Labour MP for Bow 
and Poplar. Dr John Marks, 
chairman of the British Medi- 
cal Association. Mr Spike 
Milligan, who signed himself 
“clown and environ- 
mentalist", and Mr Ian 
McKellen, the actor and direc- 
tor of the National Theatre, 
who also fives in limehouse. 

The development croup has 
set a target of 10,000 signato- 

be sent to Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, the British Wa- 
terways Board and the devel- 
opment corporation. 

Mr David Hall, director of 
the Town and Country Plan- 
ning Association, said that Mr 
Patrick Jenkin, then Secretary 
of Stale for the Environment, 
had overturned his public 
inquiry inspector's recom- 
mendation last summer to 
reject the waterways board 
plan on "purely political 
grounds". He called for the 
deal between the board and 
the developers to be made 

Mr Shore said the board's 
"short-term, high profit" plan 
should be rejected. Mr 
Jenkin's decision was a scan- 
dal He called for a “death-bed 
repentance” by the board. 

R. Seifert & Partners, the 
architects who drew up the 
plan for Hunting Gate, has 
issued a writ for libel against 
the magazine. Time Out, over 
an anide which appeared 
about the scheme in ApriL 
The Limehouse Petition (from 
Limehouse Development 
Group, 10 Garford House. St 
Vincent Estate, London E14 
8AL: £5). 

Science report 

Genetic mix key to cheetah’s survival 

By Dorothy Bonn 

The cheetah, the world’s 
fastest mammal, is fighting for 
survival, not because il is being 
hunted to extinction, nor be- 
cause its natural habitat is 
being destroyed. The reason 
lies in the fact that the spedes 
has too little genetic variabili- 

Susceptibility to disease and 
malformation are well known 
in inbred domestic and labora- 
tory animals. The cheetah's 
particular vulnerabilities, 
which indude disease suscep- 
tibility and unpaired fertility, 
amply demonstrate the impor- 
tance of hybrid rigour for 
natural populations. Though 
cheetahs were once found 
world-wide, there are probably 
no more than 20,000 left, all of 
them confined to a few small 

areas of Africa. 

The reasons for tbe animal's 
present plight have been dis- 
closed by the investigations of 
Stephen O’Brien and col- 
leagues, of the US National 
Zoological Park, when they 
were invited by tbe National 
Zoological Gardens of South 
Africa to find oat why chee- 
tahsare so difficult to breed in 

The zoo had set up a cheetah 
breeding programme in 1971, 
hat its efforts were persistentif 
frustrated by the animal's low 
fecundity and high infant mor- 
tality rate. 

Tbe scientists discovered 
that the cheetah's infertility 
was doe largely to low sperm 
concentration, poor sperm mo- 
tility and a high proportion of 
mis-shapen sperm. 

These findings provided the 
first doe to the nature of the 
cheetah's problem, for sperm 
morphology is under genetic 
control, and malformed sperm 
are a well-known feature of 
inbred laboratory animals and 

To study genetic variability 
O'Brien and his cofleagnes 
examined plasma proteins, 
which are under genetic con- 
trol. from the blood of 50 

The results were startling. 
The zoo cheetahs came from 
two distinct regions of south- 
ern Africa — Namibia and the 
Transvaal — separated by 
1,000 miles of Kalahari 
Desert Populations so widely 
separated might have been 
expected to show substantial 
genetic differences. 

However, no variation was 
found in any of the 52 proteins 
examined. All the cheetahs 
were identical. In man and 
other mammals most proteins 
exist in more than one form, 
but the cheetahs showed none 
of the variation sera in other 
natural popul at io ns . Instead 
they demonstrated a degree of 
genetic homogeneity usually 
fond only In purposely inbred 
spedes, such as laboratory 

The best hope for the future 
is that cheetahs from East 
Africa will be found to be 
somewhat different from the 
Sooth African. If the two were 
brought together to introduce a 
little genetic mixing, breeding 
might be more soccessfnL 
Soiree: Scientific America. a, 
May 1986. 

Signs in 

Mr David Owen, Chief 
Constable of North Wales, 
yesterday turned down ap- 
peals from members of the 
police authority to put signs 
on police cats in both English 
and Welsh. 

Speakers told Mr Owen at a 
meeting in Conwyn Bay that 
signs saying “ Police ” and 
"Heddlu" would be welcomed 
by the Welsh community. 

But Mr Owen said if he put 
the Welsh version on cats it 
would, logically, lead to fur- 
ther demands — perhaps for 
“stop” to be in Welsh too. and 
for cap badges to be bilingual 

Members of a general pur- 
poses sub-committee of the 
authority derided, by 1 1 votes 
to 4, to ask Mr Owen to 
reconsider his decision! 




Ireland’s best known 
“moving" statue, a stone im- 
age of the ViTgjn Mary at 
Bafiinspitile. Co Coik. has 
been vandalized for a second 

Its hands were damaged and 
a rosary stolen in an attack on 

• A separate apparition has 
been claimed at another Irish 
Marian grotto, at Mount 
Meiieray. Co Waterford. 

People claimed they saw the 
sun turn pink and into the 
shape of a heart and then 
appear to burst Images of a 
bearded young man and a 
woman with long hair then 
appeared in place of the 

for man 
sought in 
bomb case 

By Richard Ford 

A warrant was issued in 
Dublin yesterday for the arrest 
of a man wanted for question- 
ing about an alleged plot to 
bomb a public bouse and 
Aitov barracks in Lancashire. 

Patrick “The Pope" Murray 
foiled to appear m court to 
answer charges of shooting a 
man in the Ballymunn suburb 
of the city, and possessing a 
gun with intent to endanger 

He is wanted for question- 
ing in England about an 
alleged conspiracy, involving 
Patrick Magee, to cause explo- 
sion in Lancashire in 1983. 

Mr Murray, aged 42, bad 
been reporting daily to tbe 
Garda as a condition of his 
lr£l ,000 bail but when his case 
was called in Dublin District 
Court he was not in the 

His solicitor. Miss Anne 
Rowland, said that he had 
been reporting daily to police 
but she did not know where he 
was. After an application from 
the state, the district justice. 
Mr Peter Connellan, issued a 
bench warrant for Mr 
Mangy'S arrest. 

Nicknamed “The Pope" be- 
cause he has a tattoo on his 
chest with the words "God 
save the Pope", Mr Murray is 
a former British .Army com- 
mando from Co Maya 

Mother in boat 
crash dies 

A young motherdied yester- 
day from injuries received 
when a speet&oat crashed on.a 
mud bank in Cardiff docks. : 

Mrs Linda Fry. aged 29. of 
St Mellons, near Cardiff, died 
at the city's Royal Infirmary 
36 hours after the accident, in 
which her son, aged three and 
another bov, aged two, were 

Missing boy’s 
death inquiry 

.An inquest into the death of 
Colin Maxwell aged 1 3. 
whose body was found folly 
clothed in a garden in 
Streatham. south London, last 
weekend, was opened and 
adjourned at Southwark 

Colin had been missing for 
two years and the police are 
treating his death as 

Mayor’s vote 
saves Alliance 

The Liberal-Social Demo- 
cratic Party Alliance has man- 
aged to retain control of the 
London borough of Sutton, 
but only with the casting vote 
of the mayor, after Conserva- 
tives won three vacant seats 
on Thursday night. 

The Alliance now has 28 
seats, compared with 21 held 
by the Conservatives and 
seven by Labour. 

Church fire 

A fire, believed to have 
begun accidentally, has caused 
damage worth thousands of 
pounds at the twelfth 
centurySt James's Churcft 
Normanton on Soar, Notting- 
hamshire. *• 









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Civil servants and unions 

Minister rejects ‘vindictive’ 
charge from Opposition 

No cause for concern : 
about food in shops * 


Disciplinary action had been 
taken against 13 members of 
staff at GCHQ who had rejoined 
trade unions and another three 
would be subject to similar 
action in the next few weeks. Mr 
Timothy Renton. Minister of 
State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, said in 
the Commons when replying to 
a private notice question from 
Dr Oonagh McDonald, an 
Opposition spokesman. 

He pointed out that the 
Foreign Sccrcaty (Sir Geoffrey 
Howe) had made a statement to 
the House on March 1 9 in which 
he had warned that the few who 
had at first accepted the revised 
conditions of service at GCHQ 
by resigning from their unions 
and had then rejoined would be 
subject to disciplinary action if 
they failed to honour their 
original undertakings. 

Letters had now been sent to 
the 13 informing them of the 
penalties to be imposed. GCHQ 
had also warned that so long as 
ihc> remained in membership 
of a national trade union they 
would be in breach of their 
conditions of service and might 
be subject io further disciplinary 

GCHQ therefore proposed to 
seek suitable alternative posts 
for them elsewhere in the home 
ci\ il sen ice in which they could 
continue their union 
m e mbership if they wished. 

Meanwhile, so long as ihcy 
remained at GCHQ. if they 
became eligible for promotion 
their conduct would have to be 
taken into account they would 
noi be considered for overseas 
postings and they would be 
ineligible for inclusion in the 
proposed restructuring. 

More than 99 per cent of 
GCHQ stair had accepted and 
complied with the revised 
conditions of service. Morale 
was high and restructuring was 

going ahead in consultation with 
the staff federation. 

Dr McDonald said the method 
of informing the civil servants 
concerned was quite inadequate 
as only five of the 13 had 
received the letters mentioned 
by the minister. 

The penalties were much 
more severe than the 
Government wished to pretend. 
For senior civil servants the fine 
would amount to between 
£3.000 and £4 .500. They would 
suffer from the continuing 
pressure to take alternative jobs 
in the civil service and from 
continuing ihrcais of further 
disciplinary action which would 
make it more difficult for them 
to perform their duties. 

The threat of continuing 
disciplinary action represented a 
reneging on the assurance given 
by Sir Geoffrey Howe in his 
statement in March that this 
was the only action union 
members would have to face. 

The Opposition believed that 
disciplinary action of this kind 
should not be used against civil 
servants solely on the grounds 
that (hey were trade union 
members. Il was entirely 

Was it not wrong For the 
Government to pursue this 
action while the question of 
trade union membership at 
GCHQ had still to be 
considered by the European 
Court of Human Rights? 

This action would damage 
morale at GCHQ and 
throughout the whole civil 
service. There was deep anger 
and resentment in the civil 
service up and down the 

Mr Renton said fetters to all the 
people involved had been 
posted at the same time. The 
actual details of the penalties 
were matters for the director 
and management of GCHQ. 

Proper notice of the date of 
the disciplinary board's meeting 
to consider their behaviour had 
been given to all the employees 
concerned but none chose to 

It was quite incorrect to say 
these penalties were in any way 
a reneging on what the Foreign 
Secretary had said. 

The admissabiliiy of the case 
before the European Court was 
still to be decided and the case 
could be very lengthy. There 
was no general practice of any 
government refraining from 
taJting action pending such 

Morale at GCHQ was high 
and Dr McDonald would do 
better to encourage the 99 per 
cent of staff who had accepted 
the new conditions of service at 
GCHQ and the staff federation. 
Sir Peter Blaker (Blackpool 
South. O said there would have 
been one very simply way of 
avoiding this situation and that 
was if the staff had not gone 
back on their word. 

Mr Renton agreed. 

Mr Shaoo Hughes (Southwark 
and Bermondsey. Lk The action 
goes directly in the face of 
assurances given to the unions 
by the Foreign Secretary’ some 
months ago. Even if it is a small 
minority of people, they have 
civil rights toa 

Mr Renton: The management of 
GCHQ and ministers have 
taken great time and patience in 
considering the case. No 
undertaking was given by the 
Foreign Secretary that no 
further disciplinary action 
would be taken following the 
present round. 


AS lO 1 

j as the rcjoincrs failed 
lo resign from unions they were 
in breach of conditions of 
serv ice and must remain subject 
to disciplinary procedure. 

Mr Abu Williams (Swansea 
West. Lab): The announcement 
is had. spiteful and vindictive. 
Mr Renton: I disagree. 

There was no reason for anyone 
to be concerned about the safety 
of food in the shops: Mr 
Michael J opting. Minister of 
.Agriculture. Fisheries and Food, 
emphasized in announcing the 
Government's decision to im- 
pose a three weeks ban on the 
movement and daughter of hill 

The latest baich of results 
from the . ministry's extensive 
monitoring of all foodstuffs 
likely lo be affected asa result of 
the’ Chernobyl accident pre- 
sented a satisfactory picture 
overall, he said. 

However, the monitoring of 
young unfinished Iambs nor yet 
ready- for market in certain areas 
of Cumbria and North Wales 
indicated higher levels of radio- 
caesium than in the rest of the 
country. These were the areas of 
high rainfall during the weekend 
of May 2-3. 

These levels would diminish 
before the animals were mar- 
keted. but he had decided to use 
the powers in the Food and 
Environment Protection Act 
1985 to make certain that when 
these lambs were marketed they 
would be below the internation- 
ally recommended action levels 
for radio-caesium of i .000 
bccqucrels per kilogramme. 

An order ro come into effect 
today would prohibit for the 
next 21 days the movement and 
slaughter of sheep within the 
two areas designated in south- 
west Cumbria and parts of 
North Wales, enabling the close 
monitoring of the sheep. flock in 
those areas. 

The areas subject to restric- 
tion would .bp reduced as soon 
as monitoring results, based on 
a rigorous sampling pro- 
gramme. confirmed the ex- 
pected fall in levels. Testing was 
also being undertaken in Scot- 
land and Northern Ireland, 
where similar restrictions would 
be imposed 'if necessary. 

The main season for market- 

ing young lamb from the des* 
i grated areas would not start 
until July. If necessary the 
Government would be prepared 
to discuss cases of compensa^ 
lion for severe loss in particular 
circumstances to specific 

Mr Brynmor John, chief Oppor 
sition spokesman on agn£ 
culture, asked if there was likely 
to be any radio-caesium effccT 
upon catlic and for a caicgornF 
assurance that there had been no? 
effect upon milk supplies in 

Mr Frank Dobson (Hoi bom and. 
St Pancras. Lab): Can thC- 
Minister guarantee that the, 
irradiation results exclusively, 
from the Chernobyl incident, or 
is there any connection between 1 
the areas concerned and the 
nearby locations of nudeagt 
installations in this country^ 

Mr Jopllng: Wc are dealing 
with two caesium isotopes. I 
and 137. characteristic 
Chernobyl fall-oui and 
characteristic of anvthing lo do 
with Sella field- 

Mr John Home Robertson, foe. 
the Opposition: This statement-* 
will arouse considerably 
concern and uncertainty among, 
consumers and farmers north or 
the border. Alarm is inevitably 
going to be aroused whether thej» 
Minister likes it or not- - 
The Government should have' 
given advice to farmers to bring, 
livestock indoors while ihc* 
radioactive rain was falling in" 
this country. What guarantees 
arc there that calves and?: 
humans have not picked up* 
more than they should have as-,; 

Mr Jopling: Testing is' 
proceeding in Scotland aral _ 
Northern Ireland. It would have-* 

been impractical on- the.; 
mountains and hills of the Lakftra 
District, to house the sheep » 
indoors during that period. 

• The Building Societies Bift 
was read a second lime in ffȣ 
House of Lords. 



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South Africa violence continues as conference demands action 

Babies reported dead 
from tear gas after 

.• *.?:'• ••;.'• }“<•’. ^':- v r • 

=■ By Paul Vulfely J 

~ South Afrieair security 
^forces made a tear gas attack 
Jon a church in : the town of 
• Kwathemaiii -which several 
j babies and one child died on 
*■ Thursday, according to; a re- 
- a port which yesterday reached 
a teading religious agency in 
.-London. ■■ 

. .. Because of the stringency of 
Inhe restrictions under the 
■’Government's state of emer- 
gency. there. is no confirma- 
i'tion of the report! Nor can 
-there be of a report two days 
Steadier — categorically denied 
iby Pretoria: — . . that three 
''children died in an attack on a 
- church in the township of 
Zwide on Monday afternoon. 
?the anniversary of the Soweto 

7 Bui newsxontinues to seep 
“outofthe country through the . 
local contacts of various inter- 
prational human rights and 
^religious agencies. 

The group which received 
.the report about the tear gas 
.attack has. asked not be 
Earned for fear of reprisals 
^against its members in South 
Africa. But yesterday aspokes- 

Inl'I Accounts closed 

wn of Magd al e n has become the 
everai sixth Oxford coliegeto witfr- 
ied on draw its accounts from 
rare- Bardays Bank because of the 
ached hank’s connections with South 
ncy in Africa, after pressure from 
student anti-apartheid groups. 

woman . told The Times: “The 
child was killed in the melee 
trying to escape from the raid 
in which everybody knew that 
to be caught would mean 
instant detention. Several ba- 
bies have died from the effects 
of the tear gas used on the 
meeting in the church." ' 

Reports have also reached 
London of raids on Freeway 
House in Johannesburg, 
where several anti-apartheid 
groups have offices. Another 
report claims that 200 trade 
unionists were arrested at a 
conference at Newcastle in the 
Orange Bee State. 

The names of individuals 
detained under the emergency 
regulations continue to arrive 
through a wide number of 

heavy sanctions 

?- Paris (AP) — A world cou- 
Jerence on -sanctions against 
South Africa ended yesterday 
'.with a call for weeping, 
^mandatory economic mea- 
•sures against the Pretoria 
-■Government- ■ ■ 

!• A declaration adopted- by 
^representatives of more than 
120 nations taking part in the 
meeting said the alternative to 
sanctions was escalating vio- 
lence and bloodshed in the 

“The situation brooks no 
-delay." the document said. 
’*‘Time for concrete, immedi-: 
ate. action has come. This is 
The call of this conference.” : 
-'"The declaration said it was 
^important and urgent”, for 
4he UN Security .Council to 
adopt comprehensive, manda- 
tory sanctions against South 
'Amca and ensure that all 
■states carried them out, partic- 
ularly important Western 
powers which are also South 
Africa’s main trading 
partners.' *; . ' \ *- 1 - : 

: The conference was. orga- - 
breed by the UN Special . 
-Committee Against Apart- 
heid. in co-operation with the 
'^Organization of African Unity 

and the Movement of Non- 
aligned Nations. A similar 
meeting was held in Paris in 

It urged the few Western 
nations that oppose sanctions, 
especially -the- United -States 
and Britain, to “reassess their 
positions and co-operate in 
rather than hinder, interna- 
tional action”. 

Britain and the US have 
voted twice against sanctions 
in the Security Council in 
recent weeks. 

The US, Britain and West 
Germany, South . Africa's 
main trading partners, did not 
lake part . in the five-day 

The declaration urged die 
Pretoria Government to re- 
lease immediately and uncon- 
ditionally black South African 
leaders Mr Nelson Mandeb, 
MrZephania Mothopeng and 
aD other political prisoners. . 

could not be reformed and no. 
encouragement sboidd be giv- 
en to so-tailed reform! “It 
'must be totally uprooted and 
destroyed,” the document 

. agencies and pressure groups. 

One group; the internation- 
al Defence and Aid Fund, has 
analysed the names of 1,032 of 
the detainees and says that IS 
per cent of them are women, 

! I per cent scholars or stu- 
dents. 6 per cent trade union- 
ists. 25 per cent political or 
community activists. 4 per 
cent clergy dr.-chnrch workers 
and I per cent journalists. 

• “What is dear from the 
reports is the wide area over 
which the arrests have been 
made.” said Mr Brian Brown, 
Africa Secretary of the British 
Council of Churches. 

“In _past years they have 
been from- the main urban 
areas in and around Soweto. 

Now they are from all over the 
.country: 133 are from rural 
parts of the Transvaal, 44 
from Northern Cape and 1 1 1 
front the Orange Free State, 
which the Sou ih African Gov- 
ernment formerly considered 
. a tame area. 

“There is now dearly a 
nationwide resistance to 
apartheid. This is a dear 
change in the nature of the 
South African body politic.” 

Kohl looks 
to EEC 

From Frank Johnson 

Orancdfar Kohl of West 
Germany, who Is mater pres- 
sure to take some action about 

South Africa, yesterday con- 
fined himself to saying that he 
was going to make sure that it 
was “a main theme” of the 
EEC summit hi The Hague 
Ht< office * wA* thi« known 
after unofficial, but atUhorita- 
tive-seeuang, reports that he 
was about to propose that the 
beads of government of Brit- 
ain, the United States, France 
and. West Germany should 
bold a special summit 
The Chancellor's office said 
be bad not given up the idea, 
but that be was seettefc “for 
the time being” EEC. agree- 
raeut about what action should 

The chief government 
spokesman^ Herr Friedheta 
Ost, said yesterday that Chan- 
cellor Kohl had had a tele- ; . 
phone conversation about 
South Africa with next week's 
EEC summit host, the Dutch 
Prime Mmistxr, Mr Bund 

Chernobyl death 
toll ‘unlikely to 
rise immediately’ 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

A South African journalist, Sefoko Nyako, of the Weekly 
Mail, displaying the latest censored edition yesterday. 

The “immediate” death toB 
of 26 from .tiie Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster is not now 
likely to rise much, according 
to a British cancer expert 
touring hospitals and medical 
institutes hi the Soviet Union. 

Professor Jack Bong, a 
retired member of the Institute 
of Cancer Research at 
London's Royal Marsden 
Hospital, Odd The Times yes- 
terday that the prediction was 
based on research which indi- 
cated that quick death from 
excessive radiation occurred 
within 60 days of the dose 
being received. 

His forecast about the im- 
mediate as -opposed to long- 
term death toll came as the 
American United Press Inter- 
national news agency an- 
nosmeed that it was with- 
drawing from its Moscow 
bureau the young reporter who 
wrote the erroneous report — 
which received worl dwi de cov- 
erage — that tiie initial death 
toB exceeded 2JI00. 

Professor Boag is one of IS 
British doctors and health 
workers who belong to tiie 
Medical Campaign against 
Nuclear Weapons p res su re 

He said tint after speaking 
with doctors, he realized tint 
tin April 26 accident in tiie 
Ukraine had been “a devastat- 
ing catastrophe” for the Soviet 
Union. But the British doctors 
had bees impressed by the 
rehabilitation work now under 

The Soviet authorities say 
the Chernobyl death toD 
stands at 26, with 187 victims 
still m hospital, 10 m a serious 

A number of the worst- 
affected, firemen without pro- 
tective clothing who fought the 
initial Maze, were recently 

shown on teterisfou. They had 
lost all their hair. 

Although die British dele- 
gation is affiliated to the 
International Physicians for 
the Prevention of Nodear 
War, a group much favoured 

by the KremJfci, they have not 
been permitted to visit 
Moscow's Hospital Number 
Six, where the most serious 
cases are being treated. 

One of the group told me 
tint Dr Leonid Ilyin, head of 
radiation safety in the Soviet 
Union, said recently that the 
bmUing, visited earlier this 
mouth by American doctors, 
was “a hospital and not a 

One of the Americans. Dr 
Michal McCaliy, of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, said last 
week that the victims looked 
Hip the survivors of Hiroshi- 
ma, with burns, and bleeding 
beneath the skin. 

He also said the Chernobyl 
disaster bad nearly over- 
whelmed the Soviet medical 
system, a judgment confirmed 
fay the British expats. 

The British doctors were 
told during talks this week in 
Moscow and Leningrad tint 
the report of the official 
investigation into the 
Chernobyl disaster was due to 
be published later this month. 

It is keenly awaited in 
scientific circles abroad, which 
expect h to provide tiie defini- 
tive answer to the mystery of 
why tin accident occurred. 

During their Moscow talks, 
tiie British mpiiif al tpum was 
told tint the Anglo-Soviet 
medical exchange agreement, 
broken off in protest at the 
intervention of Soviet troops In 
Afghanistan in 1979, would be 
resumed later this year. 

France’s five bank raids a Hindus die 
day baffle security chiefs 

New view Defendants breakup 
on man in Achille Lauro trial 

\ |tlAyi/mg Genoa (AP>— The third day 
rUUCl IviliJ of the Achille Lauro hijacking 

From A Correspondent 
Riode Janeiro 

«, French and Brazilian sries- 
-tists working in the baddands 
.of porth-easten Brazil have 
concluded after more than a 
decade of research tint human 

12 America as .kHg*asl 

43.000 years ago. 

The find “puts into qnes- ! 
thm” existing theories about 1 
when and how sapten sapiens 
^ermanasweknowhim— ar- j 
rived in the Americas, accord- 
ing to Dr Anne-Marie Pessis, 
an anthropologist. 

For years, scientists have 
adhered to the theory that 
human beings migrated east, j 
from Asia via the Bering 
Straits, and arrived in- the 1 
Americas not more then | 

15.000 years ago. . “Now we 

have to rethink all of this, 4 * Dr : 
Pbsmssaid. j 

She is a speemfist in prehb- j 
toric anthropolgy, and a mem- 
ber of the Franco-Brazflian 
research team, led by the , 
rioted anthropologist and nstn- 
rahst, Dr Niede Goudoo. ' 

. The investigations centred 
oa numerous archaeological 
sites, deep ip tiie arid state of 
Pianf, containing a series of 
cokmrfnl rock paintings, stone 
ahd bone tools, hearths, and 
other relics. 

“Scientists started work in g i 
in the area more than a decade 
ago, but only now; a ft er p o ring 
oyer 250 sites and employing 
egrbon 14 testing in France, 
fcve they been able te confirm 
tbeir presence. The paiatrags, 
discovered in natural shelters 
and crags of the rocky region, 

show semes of hunting, ko- 

rian dwelfings and sexual 

•They are coloured narrative 
drawings, according to Dr 

human activity are repeat- 
[y associated with specific 

rThe researchers hope hi 
decode the symbolic Imi gna g e 
o£ the' frustrations and to 
understand, aspects of this 
Stone Age culture. . 

<Some of the pamtiags are as 
recent as 8,000 years old, but 
one site, Caldeirao Rodrigues, 
contains paintings and other 
traces of civilization up to 
3L000 years old. 

These findings complement 
discoveries by American scien- 
tists m southern Chile iff 
human relics , dating back 
28,000 years. 

Genoa (AP>— The third day 
of the Achille Lauro hijacking 
trial ended abruptly in uproar 
yesterday, when two of the 
Palestinian defendants started 
yelling menacingly across the 

. The prosecutor. Signor 
Luigi Carii, looked shaken and 
refused to sav whether he or 
any otber omcial had been 
detected during the shout- 
ing session. He hunied out of 
the courtroom. . 

The court interpreter was 
ordered not to translate for 
reporters what the defendants 
had shouted in Arabia But it 
was dear that at least one 
. object of the defendants' anger 
was a third defendant, Mr 
Ahmad Marrouf aKAssadi, 
who has co-operated with the 


Mr af-Assadi had earlier 
testified that Mr Youssef 
Magjed aJ-Molqi — accused of 
killing Mr Leon Klinghofifer 
and' ordering the crew of the 
Italian cruise ship to dump his 
body overboard — had wanted 
to wlLtbe wife of the wheel- 
chair-bound New Yorker. 

During the commotion, 
court policemen surrounded 
and tried to subdue Mr al- 

Mr Ibrahim. Fatayer 

Army shaken 
by Salvador 
rebel strike 

• From John Carfa 
Mexico City 

The st o r min g of an army 
base in eastern El Salvador, 
the biggest rebel attack in eight 
months, has challenged a 
deeply, held belief among Sal- 
vadorean officers that after 
more than six years of civil 
war the Farabundo Marti 
National Liberation Front 
(FMLN) guemllas are on the 
run. . 

An estimated 500 guerrillas 
attacked the. headquarters of 
the Third Infantry Brigade in 
San Miguel, El Salvador's 
thud largest city, just after 
midnight on Thursday. 

The rebel radio 
Venceremos, said that in four 
hours of heavy fighting the 
FMLN had inflicted 253 casu- 
alties. Official army figures 
said 19 soldiers were killed, 
but wounded soldiers, inter- 
viewed by reporters at the 
main military hospital in San 
Salvador, said they believed 
between 50 and 60. soldiers 
had been kilted 

Attacks on French banks are 
now raking place at the rate of 
five every day they are open — 
six times the rate in England 
and Wales. 

There were 1,664 armed 
hold-ups at French banks last 
year, 25 per cent more than 
the previous year, and nearly 
twice as many as live years 
earlier. 'That compares with 
.252 bank robberies in England 
and Wales in 1984, the latest 
figures available. • 

: Only this week a gangster 
was shot dead and a police- 
man seriously injured after a 
bold-up on a bank on the 
outskirts of Paris. 

-Despite all the modern de- 
tection and alarm systems 
introduced in recent years, 
only one in four bank robbers 
is caught within 12 months of 
a hold-up. and half are never 

Bank staff are normally 
advised, not to offer any 
resistance as the gunmen are 
usually in a highly excitable 

Sometimes it almost seems 
too simple. Last month, a man 
in bis 60s, known to the local 
police as le ptore iranquille, 
strolled into a bank near 
Rennes and took 20.000 
francs (nearly £2,000) without 
even bothering to show his 

It was his seventh bank 
robbery m the area within 
three years, and the third time 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

in six months that he had held 
up the same bank. He is 
always scrupulously polite. 

On a previous occasion, he 
bad left the bank sayingTI 
shall return. I haven't 
enough.” When he did reap- 
pear on May 29. the cashier 
was so terrified that he simply 
handed over the money with- 
out waiting to see the muzzle 
of the gun. “Thank you,” the 
old man said, “this is the last 
time. I won't be back again.” 

In a bid to beat the automat- 
ic cameras now installed in 
virtually all banks, a new style 
of hold-up has developed in 
France over the part few years, 
involving the "gang des 
pastiches" or “false hairpiece 
gang”, so called because of 
their use of false moustaches, 
beards and wigs as well as hats 
and sometimes carnival 

Since the gang's first appear- 
ance in September 1981. they 
and their numerous emulators 
have carried out more than 
100 hold-ups and have broken 
into more than 6,000 private 
ly-rentedsafes in banks. Their 
takings in their first three 
years of operation are estimat- 
ed at about £70 million. 

. Professional gangs are in- 
creasingly taking hostages dur- 
ing their raids. In a 
particularly spectacular attack 
in March, six masked gunmen 
got away with a record 29 
million francs (£2.7 million) 

in cash from a branch of the 
Bank of France at Niort after 
ambushing the concierge as lie 
arrived at 6.45am to empty 
dustbins. . _ 

While one group of gang- 
sters held the concierge's wife 
at gunpoint, others forced him 
to open the doors of the bank. 
Once inside, they lay in wait 
for the bank staff to arrive, 
seizing each in. turn and 
holding them hostage in the 
basement, while the bank 
manager was forced to open 

What can banks do to 1 
protect themselves against the I 
ever-increasing number of at- 
tacks? The head of security of 
one of France’s biggest high 
street banks, who asked not to 
be identified, said that they 
had tried arming their staff, 
but that the employees bad 
refused to act as pseudo- 
policeman. so the experiment 
was abandoned. 

The main deterrent, he said, 
was to reduce as far as possible 
the accessible cash in banks. 
Other than that, most banks 
now have bullet-proof glass in 
front of each cashier, double 
doors which can only open 
one at the time, automatic 
cameras which photograph 
customers every two or three 
seconds, and a foot-operated 
alarm system linked to a 
central agency of the bank 
which in turn alerts the police. 

Ibrahim Fatayer . AbdeUtif 
shouting in court 

Abdelatif, another defendant, 
started the shouting when he 
demanded in Italian that the 
court call a witness who, be 
claimed, would contradict the 
testimony given by Mr al- 

■Earlier, two' of the AchiHe 
Lauro’ staff identified in court 
both Mr Abdelatif and Mr aJ- 
Assadi as hijackers, but could 
not -say if Mr aLMolqi was the 
third hijacker. 

Argentina prepared to negotiate 

From Alan McGregor, 

The Argentine Foreign Min- 
ister; Senor Dante Caputo, 
said yesterday that “though 
there has been no new 
initiative”. Switzerland re- 
mains ready 10 help bis coun- 
try and Britain restore normal 

“Our Government is pre- 
pared for talks without exclud- 
ing any problem,” he said, 
referring to Britain’s refusal to 

discuss the question of sover- 
eignty over the Falklands. 

He was speaking after a 90- 
minute meeting with the Swiss 
Foreign Minister, Mr Pierre 

Senor Caputo, who arrived 
from Washington on Thurs- 
day evening, and was later to 
go on to Pans, said that even if 
there were no specific new 
element, “we are ready to 
embark on talks with the 
United Kingdom”. His press 
conference had been arranged 

Washington view 

before be left the US. 

“I wish once again to assert 
that Argentina envisages only 
one way of resolving the 
Malvinas problem — through 
diplomacy and negotiations, a 
peaceful solution. 

This, he pointed out, was 
the thrust of the most recent 
UN resolution, which also 
looked to the islands' political 
future. The vote had been f 07 
for and four against — Britain, 
the Solomon Islands, Belize 
and Oman. 

as Punjab 
talks stall 

• Delhi (Reuter) — Sikh ex- 
tremists killed six people and 
injured 12 in Punjab yester- 
day. as last-minute talks to 
salvage a crucial land-swap 
with neighbouring Haryana 
state appeared to be 

Extremists strode three 
times in the troubled north 
Indian stale while politicians 
in Delhi tried to iron out 
problems which threaten to 
block Haryana's scheduled 
handover to Punjab today of 
their joint capital, 

The Press Trust of India , 
said 12 people were wounded 
when three Sikhs opened fire | 
with revolvers and sub- j 
machineguns on shoppers in a 
market in Nakodar. a central 
Punjab town. 

Hours later a police sub- 
inspector was shot dead as he 
drove home from a cremation 
ground with' his father’s ashes. 

In a third attack, two gun- 
men drove up to a village 
office of the Punjab State 
Electricity Board near Amrit- 
sar. the Sikh holy city, and 
shot dead five Hindus inside 
in a burst of revolver and sub- 
machinegun fire. 

Air pollution 
estimate may 
be too high 

Oslo — Britain may be 
sending less than half as much 
sulphur pollution 10 Norway 
than was previously thought, 
the head of research at the 
Meteorological Insitute here 
said yesterday. 

Professor Anion Eliassen 
said previous estimates had 
taken insufficient account of 
seasonal variations in tire way 
emissions from power stations 
and industry were absorbed 
into the environment, and 
models based on the new 
calculations suggested that in 
1954. for example. British 
sulphur felling on Norway had 
totalled 1 6,000 tonnes. 

The right hopes it can at last court favour 

Do the changes in the 
Supreme Court herald the 
long-awaited conservative rev- 
olution in. America? 

It has long bees the aim of 
President Reagan and tiie New 
Right, proclaimed ia fervent 
campaign speeches, to restore 
conservative values to Ameri- 
can society, stem the liberal- 
ism that brought in its wake 
the evils of abortion, bussing, 
pornography, ■ reverse _ dis- 
crimination and institutional- 
ized atheism. 

The agenda was mochtimed 
during the first term. The 
country was galvanized, the 
enthusiasts placed ia key posi- 
tions^ Bur the teg&atiaa had 
to wait the Administration 
was preoccupied with the econ- 
omy and the defence build-up. 

It was when a triumphant 
Mr Reagan- swept hack into 
power for the second term that 
the conservatives' hopes rose. 
Mr Edwin Meege. their heavy- 
weight champion, was moved 

to the Justice Department' 
Surely- now he - would Imple- 
ment the revolution. 

It has not happened. Tbr 
Administration has discov- 
ered. with souk chagrin, that 
however impressive its -popu- 
lar mandate, it has to work 
within a system of checks and 

By Michael Binyon 

balances. Congress has been 
half-hearted at best about tiie 
conservatives' more visionary' 

The Senate, even with a 
Republican majority, has op- 
posed the New Right on 
important appointments, such 
as the proposed promotion of 
Mr William Reynolds, the 
controversiflJ head of the Jus- 
tice Department's cml rights 

The Democratic-controlied 
House has Mocked or watered 
down plans to dismantle affir- 
mative action schemes, rein- 
troduce school prayers and cat 
back programmes for the poor. 

But it k foe courts that have 
dealt 'the Administration foe 

most tellirm rebuffs, with the 
Supreme Court in particular 
frustrating some of Mr 
Reagan's most cherished 

None, perhaps, is more 
important to him and to foe 
right than die overthrow of the 
1973 ruling which legalized 

But . the justices' decisive 
reaffirmation last week of a 
woman's right to an abortion, 
albeit by a smaller majority, 
prompted foe Administra- 
tion's top lawyer to admit It 
would be “futile” to continue 
badgering the court on this 

The court bas also failed to 
give Mr Reagan dear-ent 
victories on other emotive 
issues. On- affirmative action, 
it last month threw out a 
scheme that allowed Mack 
teachers in Indlanopoiis to 
keep their jobs while more 
senior whites were laid off. 

But h upheld foe principle 
of affirmative action, firmly 
rejecting the Meese argument 

that special efforts should be 
made only for those who were 
the personal victims of part 

Similarly on pornography, 
the court rulings have been 
ambiguous. On school pray- 
ers, it has again struck down 
states' attempts to introduce 
silent moments of prayer. It 
scornfully rejected foe federal 
Government's insistence os 
intervening to order hospitals, 
in all eases,' to make every 
effort to prolong the lives of 
severely handicapped children 
— an issue in which Mr 
Reagan took a publicized tor 
forest soon after assuming 

But now, out of foe blue, Mr 
Reagan has been given a 
chance to restructure the Su- 
preme Court. He has nominat- 
ed as its head-Jnstice William 
Rehnquist, who not only mir- 
rors his conservative views but 
is a forceful and articulate 
spokesman for the right, likely 
to lead foe court more decisive- 
ly than Chief Jnstice Warren 

Barger did. And be has filled 
Mr Rehnquist's place with 
Judge Antonin Sofia, a re- 
spected conservative and a 
man skilled in bmJding a 
consensus to outwit the court's 
tenarions liberals. 

Until Mr Burger's surprise 
retirement, President Rea- 
gan's means of patting his 
stamp on America was 10 fill 
foe lower courts -with. conser- 
vative judges. White denying 
any inquisition, there is no 
doubt foe Justice Department 
has made ideology a litmus 

It has been controversial: 
foe Senate has already reject- 
ed one nominee, accused of 
racially insensitive remarks, 
and may soon torn down 

But most appointments, 
though politically worrying to 
liberals, have commanded re- 
spect on grounds of judicial 
competence. A change in foe. 
judiciary is a guarantee that 
the Reagan social agenda will 
continue long after him. 

by EEC 

Ankara - M Claude 
Cheysson, foe EEC Commis- 
sioner for Mediterranean Af- 
fairs and North-South 
dialogue, said here yesterday 
that nothing would prevent 
the normalization of EEC ties 
with Turkey, suspended after 
foe J980 military coup (Raat 
Gundilek writes). 

M Cheysson, who has had 
extensive talks with Mr 
Tutgut Oza 1, the Turkish 
Prime Minister, and Mr Vahit 
Halefoglu, the Foreign Minis- 
ter. also emphasized that Tur- 
key was free to apply for full- 
member status “when and 
bow it deems fit”. 

Although Turkey's return to 
democracy had not yet been 
completed, “there has been an 
undeniable progress”, which 
be said was also visible in the 
country's performance on hu- 
man rights. 

Artificial heart 
man is dead 

Washington — Murray 
Haydon, foe third person ever 
to receive a permanent artifi- 
cial heart, has died after 
surviving 16 months and two 
days, much of it with impaired 
physical and mental functions 
because of several strokes 
(Christopher Thomas writes). 

Mr Haydon never left 

Louise saves 
her bacon 

Hanover (Reuter) — Louise, 
foe world's only drug-sniffing 
police pig, has been let bade 
into the Lower Saxony force 
after suspension and has been 
promoted to “SWS” — short 
for SchntfleJwildscfiwein. the 
German for “tracker pig”. 

Louise, who police said was 
vastly superior to Alsatian 
dogs, had been reprieved from 
a looming sentence to foe 
bacon factory after foe opposi- 
tion Greens party rushed to 
her defence. 

King ill 

Amman (Reuter) — King 
Husain of Jordan underwent 
successful surgery for a minor 
ear ailment in London, the 
official Jordanian news agen- 
cy, Petra, said. 

Drugs swoop 

Paris (AP) — More than 
1.000 police moved through 
the Paris region, the north and 
foe extreme north-west in a 
24-hour drug sweep, checking 
the identity of more than 
5,500 people and arresting 1 5. 

Champion gift 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
world chess champion, Gary 
Kasparov, and his challenger, 
Anatoly Karpov, have agreed 
to give foe proceeds of their 
rematch this summer to the 
Soviet fund for foe victims of 
foe Chernobyl disaster. 

Crisis vote 

The state of emergency in 
Sri Lanka has been extended 
for one more month by a two- 
thirds majority in Parliament 

Families sue 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Families 
of some of foe victims of tost 
year's Japan Air Lines crash in 
Japan, in which 520 died, will 
file their first group damages 
suit in the US next mouth. 

Sea search 

Tokyo (AP) — Japan will 
launch a decade-long search 
by submarine next year for 
rare metals in international 
waters, concentrating on a 
cobah-rich crust of the Pacific 
seabed near Hawaii. 

Film probe 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
official Soviet film-makers’ 
union has formed a commis- 
sion to look into more than 25 
films banned by foe censors in' 
the part 20 years, to see why 
they had not been released. 

Emir's charge 

Cairo (Reuter) - Sheikh 
Jaber af- Ahmed al-Sabah, the 
Emir of Kuwait, has accused 
saboteurs of causing a series of 
explosions which damaged the 
Gulf state’s main oil export 
refinery this week. 

Eastern jazz 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Vyacheslav Ganelin Trio, one 
of foe better-known names in 
Soviet jazz, will be performing 
in the United States. and 
Canada in a four-week tour 
taking in a dozen big cities. 

Grannie crook 

Bonn (AFP) — A grand- 
mother visiting her son in 
Bangkok smuggled 41b of pure 
heroin for him in her lu g ga ge 
on a flight to Fans fora 
payment of 10.000 marks 
(£3.000) Bi/d Zeitung 

IDV 9 I UppulUIUKUIdi 

.'252L2SK All change 

n omnnlc nf in ft trial a# n - 

At least 27 of foe indepen- 
dent candidates elected to 
Parliament in the May 7 polls 
have joined the pro-govera- 
■menl Jatiyo party. 

Guerrillas’ death toll 

in Peruvian prison 

battles may reach 350 

Lima (Reuter) — The Peru- 
vian military said at least 154 
left-wing guerrilla prisoners 
were killed in battles tor two 
Lima jails, and more bodies 
remained to be recovered 
from the ruins of the island 
prison of El Fronton. 

Government and police 
sources said the total death 
toil could be as high as 350 
after Thursday's fighting, in 
which troops used anti-tank 
missiles and rockets to break 
up the prisoners' concrete and 
nick barricades. 

Earlier official estimates 
said more than 400 died. A 
military communique said 
three soldiers were killed and 
20 wounded in the fighting. 

It said 124 guerrillas were 
killed at Lurigancbo. to the 
east of Lima, many of them 
burned or asphyxiated in the 
fortifications they had built in 
the prison exercise yard. 

At El Fronton. where fight- 
ing raged most of the day, the 
military said 30 bodies bad 
been recovered and more lay 
in the ruins of the tunnels and 
galleries the Maoist Sendero 
Luminoso (Shining Path) 
guerrillas had built during 
their three-year stay. 

The guerrillas also killed a 
number of common criminals 
who tried to surrender during 
the fighting. 

A eovemment source said 

earlier that almost all the 
guerrilla inmates of El Fron- 
ton died in the fighting. 

Official figures issued a 
month ago pul the number of 
Sendero prisoners on the is- 
land at around 300. but law- 
yers for the families of the 
inmates said it had dropped in 
recent weeks and could have 
been as low as 170 at the time 
of the fighting. 

They said some prisoners 
had been released and some 
moved to other prisons in 

The military said that be- 
cause of damage done to the 
prison by the guerrillas, it was 
impossible to say bow many 
bodies lay in the ruins. 

The guerrillas had built a 
warren on the island, com- 
plete with escape routes to the 

Much of this was destroyed 
in the fighting, in which the 
guerrillas used automatic ri- 
fles. sub-machine guns and 

The impunity with which 
convicted Sendero leaders 
continued to organize and 
send instructions from the 
island prison had been a cause 
for concern in senior military 
officers for some time. 

Sendero prisoners were iso- 
lated from other inmates 
when they were sent to El 
Fronton and Lurigancbo, and 

they set up no^go areas in the 
jails, intimidating guards. 

Family visitors smuggled in 
arms, bricks and concrete in 
food parcels and in their 
clothes, and over the years the 
guerrillas received enough 
materials to build formidable 

No information was given 
about the fete of several 
hostages seized at the two 
prisons and the women's jail 
of Sjania Barbara, where an- 
other revolt was put down on 
Thursday with the loss of two 
guerrilla lives. 

The prisons have been de- 
clared restricted military 
zones under the state _ of 
emergency in force in Lima 
since February. 

Dr Marta Huatay, spokes- 
woman for the Association of 
Democratic Lawyers of Peru, 
a group representing the 
inmates’ families, said: “(Pres- 
ident Alan) Garcia has given 
carte blanche for the armed 
forces to kilt.” 

She said the families feared 
they would not be given back 
the bodies of their dead, and 
that they would be buried in 
common graves. 

The crushing of the revolts 
was a big blow to Sendero, 
which has spread its insurgen- 
cy out of its strongholds in the 
mountainous south-central re- 
gion of Ayacucho. 

Residents of Santiago queuing to draw water from a city-centre fountain yesterday, as maci 
without piped water supplies after heavy flooding earlier m the 

much of the Chilean capital remained 
week. ' 

Nasa drops ‘unsafe’ rocket 

From Mohszn AH 
Space science has suffered a 
big reverse became of Nasa’s 
decision, on grounds of safety, 
to abandon a controversial 
plan to use a highly volatile 
liquid -fuelled rocket to launch 
scientific and Defence Depart- 
ment payloads from the 

The Centaur Upper Stage 
rocket was doe to have boosted 
two high-priority planetary 

missions from Earth’s mbit 
last month. 

Mr James Fletcher, the 
Nasa Administrator, said on 
Thursday that the Centaur 
“would not meet safety 
criteria" now being applied to 
the shuttle and its cargo, even 
though the booster had been 
modified as a result of continu- 
ing concerns. 

His derision was influenced 
partly by congressional con- 
cern for safety and studies 

done following the January 28 
Challenger shuttle explosion. 

Future planetary missions 
and some large classified De- 
fence Department satellites 
would probably be launched 
instead by unmann ed rockets, 
officials said. 

The missions immediately 
affected are the Galileo space- 
craft to explore Jupiter and 

the European Span Agrf % 

Ulysses spacecraft to 
study the suh. 


• ' y*-\ 


As hot air rises, so do industry^ costsJoday, though, British Gas 
is helping a number of companies make substantial fuel 
savings. We teamed up with Hotwork Development Ltd. to 
develop new compact regenerative burners for high tempera 
turn furnaces J 

With this type of burner, heat from the flue gases is recovered 

and then used to pre-heat the incoming 
combustion air i 

British Steel are now making fuel savings of 
some 34% on nine giant furnaces at their 
Llanwern works, and at Dolgarrog, the 
Aluminium Corporation Ltd. report savings of 
45% against their previous system.! 

If energy efficiency can help British businesses to be more 

competitive then thatb our business too. 

British Gas 1 



Greek role 

From Mario Modiano 

Lord Hailsham of Si Mary- 
lebone, the Lord Chancellor, 
believes that but for the 
Greeks, the architects of Euro- 
pean culture and values, a 
mosque might have stood 
today on the site of St Paul's 
Cathedral in London. 

Speaking here yesterday 
during the ceremony marking 
the 100th anniversary of the 
British School in Athens, he 
paid glowing tribute to the role 
of ancient Hellas in the cre- 
ation of the Byzantine Empire, 
which had held Saracens and 
Turks at bay for 1,000 years 
after the fell of Rome. 

“If the muezzin does not 
now sound on Ludteate Hill 
instead of the beus of St 
Paul’s,” he said, “we must 
recognize that this is largely 
due to the martial courage and 
drill* of the Byzantine emper- 
ors and their troops, who held 
the gates of Europe just long 
enough to civilize our own 
coarse and sometimes brutal 

For this, as w efl as for 
democracy — the only system 
of government that still held 
out hope — and their passion 
for freedom, the Greeks de- 
served the gratitude of every 
civilized European and every 
“percipient Christian”. 

“In Hellas, Europe 
bora ,* Europe with ail 
virtues and^ some of 
faults,” he said. 

The centenary celebrations 
were inaugurated by Miss 
Melina Mercouri, the Greek 
Minister of Culture. 




research ' 

goes ahead 

From Ro** 5 Grata* „ 

North GwoEb* 

The British and American 
Governments wtH soon pace 
research contracts t hat o oah! 
lead to the contro versial de- 
velopment of supersonic jagg 
jets to succeed the Hamers 
used by the Royal Navy syaj 
Air Force and the US Maw 

It is argued that, in war, 
airfield runway* could be jw 

“'utarraWe to attack that t*jc 

40 'per "rent of the woriCis 

standmgfy successful with lias 
itish tarcesdnring the Falk- 

Secret hearing for Shin 
Bet man’s petition - 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Meeting behind closed 
doors, the High Court in 
Jerusalem yesterday heard a 
petition by Mr Raft Malka, a 
former senior officer of Shin 
Bet, .the counter-intelligence, 

Mr Malka complained in 
the petition about the way he 
had been dismissed from the 
service, and called for the 
suspension of Mr Avraham 
Shalom, the agency’s chief 

After a four-hour hearing, 
the case was adjourned until 
Monday, with tiie court ruling 
that only the feet that the 
process was under way could 
be published. All stories relat- 
ing to the case had to be 
submitted to the Government 
censor, who also banned pub- 
lication of pictures on security, 

Mr Malka was one of three 
Shin Bet officers who com- 
plained to the former Attor- 
ney-General, Mr Yitzhak 
Zamir, about the behaviour of 
Mr Shalom when two Pales- 

brought his case before 
High Court 
At earlier stages of 
proceedings Mr Zamir. « 
Attorney-General, had refuel 

to appear for the Shin $gi 
chief, but at yesterday’s heir- 

; Mr Shalom was represegt- 
larish. ife 

missed, and Mr 


Soviet plane on show 

Western journalists inspecting 
a Soviet reconnaissance plane 
at Managua airport, which 
was said by President Reagan 
to have provided Nicaragua 
with “a significant advance in 
its military and intelligence 

The journalists were told 
that the aircraft, an Antonov 
30. had been routed from a 
Soviet company to do nothing 
more than .conduct a carto- 
graphic survey of the. country 
(Alan Tomlinson' writes). 

Mr Reagan, who is seeking 
bipartisan support in Con- 
gress for $100 million (£66 
million) in aid to Nicaraguan 
rebels known as Contras, on 

Monday- described, deploy- 
ment of the plane as “another 

significant step” In Soviet 
arms supplies to the left-wing 
Sandmista Government. . ’ 

Viewing of the aircraft was 
organized by the Institute 
Territorial -Studies, 

Nicaragua's map-making in- 
stitution, the directorof. which, 
Sedor Alejandro Rodrigue?, 
said tiie Soviet Union had 
provided credit to hire it. 
“The cartography of oar 

country js seriously oat of 

ifoxe," he said. “Many of oar 
imps are 20 years old. 

Nicaragua’s own aerial sdfr- 
vey aircraft was too . old for the 
tost and the country lacked 
hard amnency to hire, the 
American fi r m which coodsd* 
ed toe surveys until 1982. - 


^ ;V 

4 1 ' . 


only effective aircraft may 
those that are not dependent 
on fiseti runways, such as toe 

Hamers, which can make wjry 

short take-o IE and vertical 
landings. " 

Despite this argument, the 
European and American air 
forces are both drvdofliag 
fighters -the European Fight- 
er Aircraft and the lop-seCi$t 
US Advanced Tactical Fighter 
— which would need runways, 
though much shorter tign 
those needed by the previous 
generations of fighters. 

The US Marine Corps yes- 
terday demonstrated here how 
it can operate its Harriets 
from short stretches of coun- 
try road or small clearings.*' 
The Marines were flying the 
advanced AV 8B Harrier H. 
which is being produced under 
a £7 billion cottaborative pro- 
gramme between McDorraefl- 
Dougias in America and 
British Aerospace and RoHs 
Royce. for which more than 

being done by British __ __ 
try. These aircraft can carry 
nearly twice the load of weap- 
ons or provide twice the range 
of the first generation of 
Harriets, which were out- 


lands conflict 
- But even this latest version 
of the Harrier is subsonic, 
probably operating at uwjfr 
550m ph. only about the same 
speed as a civil airliner. TJe 
Marines hope eventually to 
have 328 of these advanced 
Harriers. The RAF already 
Iras 62 cm order and is likely; to 
order another 18. 

Earlier this year the British 
and American Governments 
signed a memorandum 3 >f 
understanding for a five-year 
research programme into .al- 
ternative methods of jpropul- 
sion, turned at providing,, a 
short take-off and vertical 
landing aircraft capable -of 
reaching speeds of more than 
LOOOmph. . 

Dr David Kirkpatrick of toe 
British Embassy in Washing- 
ton said that contracts for tlus 
research would be placed 
shortly with British and Amer- 
ican companies. 

ed by Mr Yosef Harish, 
new Attorney-GeneraL “ 

Prosecutors in the Slate 
Attorney's office plan to dis- 
rupt court proceedings tomor- 
row, in protest at what ti^y 
claim is a campaign -against 
three senior attorneys who 
had helped Mr Zamir to 
prepare his demand for an 
inquiry into the Shin Bet 

Three female members of 
the State Attorney's office 
were reportedly referred to 
recently as “Zamir’s 
Amazons" during a meeting of 
toe inner Cabinet. Several 
inner Cabinet members are 
known to have been unhappy 
that State Attorney prosec- 
tors had prepared toe case 
against . the “Jewish 
Underground" extremists, as 
well as investigating toe Shin 
Bet affeir. - 

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Crucial poll tests for European Socialist premiers 

arez the main attraction 



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From Richard Wigg - 

Z. Arila, Spain 

iJSeor Adolfo Suarez, the 
former Prime Minister, who 
began Spain's successful tran- 
sition to democracy ten years 
ago. has proved to be by far 
rjhe best one-man attraction in 
-jtfee campaign , for lompirow's 
■general dection- 

-~ Senor SuArez’s three-week, 
"one-man effort -V-’ stomping 
'the country, travelling in a 
-tiny bus or tourist class on 
"Commercial flights — has con- 
trasted sharply with the Amer- 
Ycan presidential-style 
•‘appearances of Senor Felipe 
"Gonzalez, the Sodalist leader, 
:- wbo uses an executive jet and 
-briefly addresses big city rat- 
ifies, ideal for state television 
■ coverage, with the party stal- 
“9&rts bussed in from miles 

Starting from this medieval 
! walled town, Senor Suarez was 
yesterday — the last . night 
‘.allowed for campaigning — 
^driving through his native 
Castile, making it dear that 
'tiEs main aim is to prevent the 
^Socialists winning an absolute 
majority for a second time in 
Jhe 350-seat Spanish 

— Avila offers an almost per- 
-Jeci illustration of bow the 
Socialists won their historic 
-.victory in the 1982 general 
.election. In the preceding 
-^contest, won by Senor SuArez 
in. 1 979, his Centre Democrat- 
ic Party took all three seats. In 
„1982 Senor SuArez held only 

one seat -for his new Demo- 
cratic and Social Centre Party, 
the Socialists won one for the 
first time, reflecting an ad- 
vance vital for them in an 
agricultural region and the 
third seal went to the Popular 
Alliance of. Senor Manuel 
Fragsu the former Franco 
. minister, 

“The Socialists in power 

have been enormously weak 

Senor GonzAlez: worried 
about the young voters. 

with the strong, and enor- 
mously strong with the weak," 
Senor SuArez declared to roars 
of applause in Avila's bullring, 
which was filled without any 

Seflor Suarez emphasizes 
how be fid filled his promise to 
give Spain democracy, and 
alone stood up to the Civil 
Guard colonel when he burst 
into Parliament, brandishing a 

Craxi faces threat 
; of coalition row 

From Peter Nichols, Some 

- Regional elections in Sicily 
"tomorrow are being seen as of 

crucial importance, as fears 
n £nm of a quarrel between the 
~tfro main rumBfinn partners 

'which could prove fatal to 
'$ignw Bettino CraxPsampree- 
edented stay of nearly three 
‘years as Prime Minister. 
“"Signor Cnori concedes that 
'nf something does not change 
-'the fall of the Government is 

- "’’He was dunking mainly of 
nkis relationship with the 
"Christian Democrats, fheonet- 
■ wally his allies in the five* 
'party coalition. Relations 
-•betwee n the Christian Deno- 
“Crats and the country’s first 
.‘Sodalist Prime Minister have 
•'been deteriorating fest for 

Signor Osri say? tihat Jhe ; 
tension began a year agoat the 
tiute of the presiiential dec- 
; irons, but foe bitterness has . 
only now become pabfic. One 

- of the reasons is that about 
four million people vote in 
Sicily tomorrow, and Signor 
Cro» hopes tint . the Socialist 
jParty there will emerge sob- 
stantially strengthened. 

Should this happen, the 
Italian political scene will 
have changed. The Socialists 
area strong party In terms of 


■•Signor Craxh Tension with 
-• allies began a year ago. 

power, hot they have been poor 
vote-getters, usually wining 
only about one-third of the 
mass vote won by the Chris- 
tian Democrats. 

This difference accounts for 
Signor Good's suspicion that ■ 
foe Christian Democrats want 
him out as Prime Minister 
when he finishes his term of 
office in a matter of weeks. He 
firmly denied on television on 
Wednesday night that there 
was any gentlemen's agree- 
ment that he should do so. i 

He b also angered by what 
he feds to be foe Christian 
Democrats' view of themselves 
as the pivotal party, with then- 
smaller allies occasionally al- 
lowed a torn at a tiller which 
must eventually return to 

lUs rivalry between foe two. 
leading parties in foe coalition 
has its direct relevance to the 
Sicilian situation. The island's 
senri-antoaomons administra- 
tion b led by a Christian 
Democrat Signor Cnuri said 
during tire campaign tint he 
would Bke to see Sicily adopt 
the Rome pattern, and pve foe 
leadership of the administra- 
tion to a SotialbL 

But thdr candidate. Signor 
Salvatore LanriceQa, is an ex- 
minister well, advanced in 
years, whOe the present Sicil- 
ian leader, foe Christian Dem- 
ocrat Signor Renato Nfeoftosi, 
b. young: and represents a 
comparatively advanced wing 
of the party . 7 - 

Signor Ciriaco de Mite, foe 
national head of the Christian 
Democrat Party, has twice 
motioned Signor LanriceUa 
during the campaigns he com-' 
pared him to a mummy, and on 
another occasion said that he 
thought that he had been dead 
for some time. Surprises in 
tomorr o w’s vote will, in fob 
atmosphere, certainly make 
their effect felt in Rome. 

FBI agent convicted 
as spy for Russians 

From Ivor Davis, Los Angeles 

n j .ne<i n ^ 

I? I gram, who w* 

V 1 J. TVm» fn m i w 

ji; Richard Miller, the first FBI 
agent in history accused of 

six- counts of spying and 
ssing secrets to foe Soviet 

■;Clnion by a jury here. 

After four days of defibera 
■'tions foe jury ruled late on 
Thursday that Miller, aged 47, 
had passed classified docu- 
ments, in exchange for prom- 
ises of $65,000 (£43,000) in 
.gold and cash, to Svetlana 
Ogorodnikov, a Russian emi- 
grant, who was also his lover. 

The former FBI agent feces 
a probable life in prison and 
ojyifi be sentenced on July 14. 
;**■' Mrs Ogorodnikov, aged 35, 
and her husband Nikolai, aged 
^53, are serving prison sen- 

Burma seeks 
to discipline 
-merry monks 

Rangoon (Reuter) - 
formas Buddhist clergy 
'•wants government help to 
defrock bogus . monks and 
- discipline others who prefer 
' playing to praying. 

• r ; A meeting of foe Monk's 
Central Committee has aided 
'With a resolution cuffing on foe 
•^Government to help the clergy 
"to take action against monks 
who solicit unsuitable gifts, 
Jnqwnt entertainment places, 
-watch football or join in 

A spokesman far the com- 
mittee said' the tail for help 
jyom secular authorities meant 
Ihat the clergy needed stronger 
jjfcripHnarv powers to test or- 
.reform . back-sliding: 

lenecs after pleading guilty last 
June to conspiring with Milter 
to pass classified documents 
to foe Russians. 

This was the second trial of 
die former FBI man. In No- 
vember a jury was dead- 
locked, forcing the new 
hearing, which began in Feb- 

Miller claimed he had no 
plans to pass secrets to the 
Russians- but merely made 
contact with the Ogorodni- 
kovs to try and salvage his 
career by becoming the first 
agent to infiltrate foe KGB. 

After the. verdict was hand- 
ed down Miller and his law- 
yers said they would appeal. 

Briton makes 
final death 
sentence plea 

A Stoke-on-Trent man who 
feces the ealtows in Malaysia 
for smuggling heroin makes a 
final appeal against the death 
. sentence today- 

Kevin Barlow, aged 28, who 
moved lo Australia some 
years ago, will go before the 
Penang State Pardons Board 
to plead for his life after being 
sentenced to. bang under foe 
country'sami-dm^ laws. ' 

He was arrested in Malaysia 
three years ago with Brian 
Chambers, aged 28. an Austra- 
lian. who also feces the death 
sentence, after six ounces of 
'heroin was found in his suit- 
case. His first appeal failed Iasi 
year hot the board has ; the 
power to free hini or commute , 
foe sentence. 

pistol, during foe extreme 
right-wing coup attempt in 
1981 . 

This he contrasts with foe 
Socialists' broken promise to 
create 800,000 new jobs. Em- 
ployment during their term 
has climbed to 22 percent and 
Spain's seven big private 
banks achieved a record 40 
per cent increase in profits in 

But .Senor Suarez's biggest 
crowd-puller has been his 
promise, should he gel elected, 
to cut Strain’s national service 
to three months. Young peo- 
ple- in the bullring showed 
interest, and when the former 
Premier asks “what are they 
doing in foe barracks now, foe 
rest of their lime?” the crowd 
roars “nothing.” 

Senor Gonzalez, who visit- 
ed Barcelona. Seville, and 
Madrid in foe last hours of 
campaigning, has dismissed 
all this as the “demagogic 
prom ises of a man who knows 
he will never have to govern". 
But Sodalist attacks on Sefior 
Suarez show that he worries 
them, for bis appeal is precise- 
ly to the centre vote. 

Franco indoctrinated foe 
Spanish people with the belief 
that foe danger was from the 
left. But the paradoxical resuh 
of his 40-year rule has been 
that a majority of Spaniards 
fear the right Awareness of 
this underlay Senor Gon- 
zalez’s “long march" from 
Marxist socialism to winning 
centrist votes in 1982. 

Ironically, foe challenge to 
the Socialists' record in office 

now comes from Seflor 
Suarez, the small-town court 
clerk's boy who started his 
'political career working his 
way up through the ranks of 
Franco's National Movement . 

During the campaign be has 
been attacked for harking back , 
to the radical origins of the j 
Falangist movement but evi- 
dently many ordinary Span- 
iards see in him a lot of their 
own evolution towards demo- 

Senor Gonzilez is mainly 
worried about those under 25, 
who make up six million of 
foe 30 million electorate. This 
age group accounts for almost 
hair of Spain's three million 
unemployed. Senor Suarez 
has been getting loud applause 
at meetings by castigating the 
Socialists' “resignation" in foe 
face of this social blight. 

Sefior Gonzalez has sought 
to answer Senor SuArez's criti- 
cisms by claiming that the 
Socialists offer foe only possi- 
ble progressive government, 
and has warned of foe risk of 
political instability if they do 
not win again. 

In Mellila, one of Spain’s 
North African enclaves, lead- 
ers of the local Muslim popu- 
lation plan to hold a “parallel 
election" tomorrow, limited 
to their community, in protest 
at the local authority’s reluc- 
tance to accord many local 
Muslims Spanish nationality. 

Only about 7,000 Muslims 
are Spanish citizens, theoreti- 
cally eligible to vote, of the 
27.000 Muslims living in foe 

Tenth Eta 
bomb hits 
hotel in 

From Harry De be Lius 

A bomb, believed to be part 
of foe Basque anti-tourist 
terror campaign, has wrecked 
a room at the luxurious Los 
Monteros Hotel in the Costa 
del Sol resort of Marbella. but 
caused no injuries. 

The device, the tenth to 
explode in a Spanish hotel in 
less than four weeks, went off 
on Thursday night 
In Seville, where the previ- 
ous terrorist blast occurred, at 
the four-star Macarena Hotel 
on Thursday morning, a Span- 
ish businessman remained In 
hospital yesterday, recovering 
from injuries. . 

Eta (Basque Homeland and 
Liberty) said last month that it 
would carry out a campaign of 
violence to damage the Span- 
ish economy. It wants the 
Basque region to secede from 
Spain and become an indepen- 
dent Marxist state. 

• BILBAO: Spanish authori- 
ties said that three suspected 
members of Eta’s military 
wing were arrested in Densto, 
near this northern Spanish 
town on Thursday night, after 
they allegedly threw a grenade 
at two civil gnards (AFP 

No injnries were reported in 
the inddem. Officials said a 
fourth suspect escaped, and 
that the arrests led to foe 
seizure of a cache of Eta 
weapons in Bilbao. 

|f-; ■■■ 

. k 'A - 

wA ik 


Chief Justice-designate William Rehnquist talking to the 
press in Washington after his appointment was announced. 

says he 
is still in 

Tripoli (UPI) - The Libyan 
leader. Colonel Gadaffi. in his 
first interview with a Western 
reporter since foe US air raid 
in April, accused President 
Reagan of trying to kill him, 
and said reconciliation with 
the United States was impos- 
sible as longas Mr Reagan was 
in office. 

“I have nothing to say to 
him," Colonel Gadaffi said, 
“because he (Reagan) is mad 
He is foolish. He is an Israeli 

Since the raid Colonel 
Gadaffi has been seen only 
rarely. His failure to appear ax 
last week's anniversary mark- 
ing the departure of US forces 
from Wheel us Air Base in 
1970 prompted rumours that 
he was ill. psychologically 
unbalanced or under the con- 
trol of fellow officers. 

But he denied that be was 
sick, deranged or in danger of 
losing power. “As you can see 
I am fine," he said 

Western reporters invited to 
cover the anniversary, 
watched a rambling, two-hour 
televised speech by Colonel 
Gadaffi. during which he had 
bags under his eyes and fatigue 
lines on his face. 

“When I made that speech, 

I was very tired It was 
Ramadan, the end of 
Ramadan," be said referring 
to the Muslim month of 




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Simon Barnes 

Out of his 


Bra.HiL'.r. coaches, as of right. arc 
ei'u-R I he top football jobs all o'er 
ihe world Brazilians were in 
■.harge of the Moroccan and Iraqi 
V\ L>rld Cup teams. Now a leading 
Brazilian coach has applied for a 
job in Britain Yes. Gildo Rodri- 
gues. formcri> with the major 
Brj/ilun club V.i>o> da Gama, 
later m charge of Ghana’s national 
team and then of a team in 
Kuwait, has wrmen 10 Cardiff 
i crinthians. of the Abacus Welsh 
League ' 

Corinthians'" secretary. Roy 
Langley, said: "There is a good 
club in Brazil called Corinthians, 
and he seemed to assume that we 
were a professional oulfiL It is a 
common mistake. We get Corin- 
thian supporters writing to icil us 
about their 200.000-seaier sta- 
dium - and their platers like Soc- 
„ rates, and asking us about the 
’ , capaen\ of our ground and who 
oUr'mosi famous player is. The 
letters coifTe from all over the 
world. We e\en"'u5ed to get a 
Christmas card every’' year from 
Real Madrid". 

Cardiff Corinthians' most fafn- 
ous player is Paul Williams. He is 
famous' lai because He is the 
hroiher of David Williams, who 
plays for Norwich City and lb) 
because he played for Wales as a 
schoolboy. The club's Riverside 
Ground is so small that it doesn't 
really have a capacity, li just hasa 
metal rail round the pitch. Langley 
says an average crowd comprises 
"the committee members and a 
handful of dogs". 

Sheared off 

Lester Piggott had one of the most 
satisfying moments of his racing 
career this week, with his first 
Royal Ascot winner — Cutting 
Blade — as a trainer. Perhaps the 
top-hatted Piggon will learn to 
love Royal Ascot after all. Back in 
1954 he' suffered one of the most 
extraordinary disciplinary actions 
in the history of racitag idler riding 
Never Say Die (his first Derby 
winnerj in the King Edward VII 
Slakes. After a spot .of fairly 
unremarkable bumpi ng a long way 
ouu Piggott. was suspended sine 
■■die (in fact his licence was 
eventually restored on September 
2S that year). He was also in- 
structed to leave his father and 
work for a different trainer, be- 
cause it was believed that Keith 
Piggott encouraged his son's "dis- 
regard of the safety of other 
jockeys". The incident involved 
Sir Gordon Richards, a deferential 
sort of chap who was knighted for 
his services to racing. When, one 
wonders, will Piggott be 
recognised as a pa nit. gentil 

Different court 

That ubiquitous “sporting" organ- 
rzation. Mark McCormack's Inter- 

national Management Group, is 
being sued by the International 
Tennis Federation. McCormack's 
outfit usually gets special facilities 
at the French Open Tennis 
championships: this year it got 
none. Will Wimbledon . follow 
suit, and keep IMG out in 
deference to the resentments 
□bout it among tennis people? 
Well, no: IMG handles the 
marketing ofWimbledon. so it can 
have ail the facilities it wants. 


Who scored ihe slowcsi-ever cen- 
tury. in England-Australia Test 
matches'* The answer is Derek 
Randall, of ail people, who took 
411 minutes to do the job in 
Sydney in the 1 scries. And 
who is the most expensive bowler 
to bowl for England against 
Australia* Wrong! The answer is 
Bill Ednch. who conceded runs at 
an average rale of 60.12 per 1 00 
balls. Ian Botham’s rate is a mere 
48.3! However, the 3.55t> runs 
Boiham has conceded io Australia 
is pretty impressive — almost as 
impressive as his 136 .Australian 
wickets, more than any other 
Englishman has managed. These 
fascinating facts come from the 
newly published- England \ 
liiMru/ni 7 ’est ,\ lurch Records . 
edited b\ David Frith. 

Varsity rage 

Even as you woke up this morning 
it was still going on. A 100-hour 
croquet marathon is taking place 
on a floodlit lawn at Birmingham 
University "Croquet flourishes 
on redbrick campuses as well as by 
dreaming spires", says William 
Pugh of the Birmingham Univer- 
sity Croquet Society . 


And Anally, let us shatter the 
World Cup mood with a pastoral 
moment. The Rev D.G. Graham, 
former "headmaster of Dean Close 
School. Cheltenham, was 
prompted by the obituary of 
“Jock" Henderson, laic Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, to send me the 
tale of a maich between the 
Gloucester Diocese Clergy XI and 
the Monmouth Diocese Clergy XI 
in the Church Times Cup. which 
took place at Graham's school in 
|9.5o. Henderson, as Bishop, was 
naturally captain. The Archoishop 
of Wales was his opposite number. 
Graham writes: "I saw Jock leave 
the pav ilion. and come across the 
road to my study. •Headmaster', 
he said, "do you possess a 
( ruck turd ■*' Sure, said 1. and 
handed him the volume. He 
looked up two names and gave it 
back to me with a sigh, 'll is just as 
I thought' said he. ‘They are 
play mg two lay readers'." 

Revel: Latin America for a long 
time appeared to he on the fringe 
culturally. Is it now becoming a 
viral centre from which we can best 
understand ihe political and cul- 
tural problems of the world? 

Paz: We are European but at the 
same time we are on the fringe. We 
are the heirs of the culuire of Spain 
and Portugal that became mar- 
ginal in the 1 8th century. Spain 
never' really had an _ Enlighten- 
ment. And then we Latin Ameri- 
cans had a wretched 19th century : 
our "wars of independence" failed 
to modernize our countries. 

• Bui all these disadvantages 
became advantages when the 
intellectuals" of Latin America 
turned towards Europe to assimi- 
late its culture. We saw Europe as 
a whole. 

Revel: How do mu account for the 
contrast between 'the cultured suc- 
cess of Latin America and its 
relative, economic and political 

Paz: Our economic misfortunes 
stem principally from the role of 
the slate in our countries. The 
states to which independence gave 
rise were the absolutist patri- 
monial slates of 17th-century 
Spain and Portugal, in which the 
prince governed with his servants, 
his slaves, and his family., regard- 
ing the realm as his personal 

Throughout Europe and in 
North America revolution, or 
simple evolution, replaced the 
patrimonial state with the-modem 
state, belonging to all. We adopted 
a positivist, liberal, even socialist 
philosophy, but - underneath the 
inner workings remained those of 
the patrimonial state. The admin- 
istrative and economic privileges 
of the Mexican bureaucracy spring 
from the political monopoly en- 
joyed by. the ruling party. 

In order to modernize socially 
and economically we must first 
modernize political power we 
must have more democracy. I see 
no other system. 

Revel: Docs it not seem to you that, 
among Latin American intellec- 
tuals. strictly literary modernity 
and the avante-garde idea in art 
have been replaced hr their concep- 
tion of political modernity, their 
idea that the writer is modern 
because he is a revolutionary 

Paz: The permanent revolu- 
tionary stance adopted by intellec- 
tuals — because they are not real 
-rdv'ijluiionarics — is bound up in 
Latin America with a career 
problem. In the universities and 
journalism it is a badge of 
respectability. !n Mexico, the left 
has no real power, but it enjoys an 
influence out of all proportion to 
its actual - strength because of its 
virtual monopoly in the field of 
communications.' the media, the 
universities, and the intellectual 
world— all activities subsidized 
by the state. The paternalist 
Mexican state is the great protec- 
tor of the left. 

Revel: Ji ’here does our modern 
••/’session with decadence come 
from? If hr is the subject broached 
j si > oficn? 

Paz: Who know-s exactly what 
"decadence" means? Modernity 
did indeed (as the ISth century’ 
believed) free men's minds, de- 
stroy superstitions. ■ and make 
possible considerable economic 
progress: but it left an extraor- 
dinary’ gap in people's awareness. 
There is the very great problem 
Here of being free, the difficulty of 
being alone in the world — sans 
pere. sans Dim. 

Revel: But one has the impression 
that modernity has come to a halt, 
that, tf is breaking up. that it cannot 
go on ... 

Paz: Yes. it's un theme a la mode. 
this fashionable business of 
modernity, "post-modernity", 
and so on. When I arrived in Paris 
after the war. in 1945-46. 1 found 
that the literary scene was domi- 
nated on one hand by the com- 
munists - people like Louis 


The unwillingness of the House of 
Lords to accept the government’s 
"free speech" amendment Icl US 
Education Bill was not due to a 
lack of concern about what has 
been happening in universities 
and other institutions of higher 
education Indeed, that the 
amendment « as put forward at all 
was-d result of widespread public 
anxietv. powerfully voiced in the 

House of Lords it sell 

What the House rightly felt was 
that* 'insufficient ume had been 
given for- the discussion of a 
matter of such importance and 
that there were good grounds for 
believing that the amendment, as 
drafted, would not prove workable 
and might indeed be counter- 
productiv e The critical analysis of 
ihe text by the present Vice- 
Chancellor of the University of 
Oxford, published m The Times 
on June 2. was particularly 
conv ineing. 

There are usually deeper rea- 
sons for ineffective drafting than 
mere haste or carelessness. In this 
case I believe that alt concerned 
have wrongly tended to see the 
issue as a single one to be dealt 
with -by a single remedy. It is my 
contention that there are two 
distinct- issues, although with 
some overlap, and that we wilt get 
nowhere unless their distinctive- 
ness if recognized. 

The first and more important 
matter is the notion of free speech, 
the right of teachers in a university 
to give their courses and state their 
views without obstruction, as a 
necessary part of the idea of a 
university and. indeed, of any 
. institution of higher education. 

, Without this guarantee of freedom 
no institution can claim to be 
taken seriously by the rest of the 
academic community. This free- 
dom must by extension, be af- 
forded to- invited visitors, whether" 
government" ministers or other 
responsible people whose 
contributions are thought by the 
universities to be relevant to their 
educational role. 

The second matter, on which it 
is harder to be dogmatic, is how 
far groups of students or others 
should be entitled to have, the 
mantle of academic freedom 
thrown over anyone they choose 
Ui invite even if. as is possible, the 
visitors purpose is not primarily 
to contribute to academic debate 

Free speech 
-but common 

sense too 

by Max Beloff 

and if his visit may exacerbate 
tensions within the university 
which may detract from ns pri- 
mary purpose. 

On the first matter, that of 
acadcmtc freedom of speech in ns 
most direct sense, it is vital that 
universities themselves should 
uphold the principle involved 
with such support from the civil 
authority as circumstances may 
require. To interfere with a course 
of lectures, whether because the 
views expressed arc unwelcome to 
some, or even, as in the recent case 
of Professor John Vincent at 
Bristol, because there are objec- 
tions to external activities by the 
lecturer unrelated to his teaching, 
must be regarded as conduct so 
irreconcilable with the idea of a 
university that its perpetrators 
musL after due warning, face 
expulsion. Such cases may be rare 
but this does not make them 
tolerable. It was interference with 
university freedom from the ex- 
treme right that heralded the 
advent of Nazism and its allied 
systems in pre-war Europe. It was 
similar interference from the ex- 
treme left that placed in jeopardy 
the recovery of the German 
university world after the degrada- 
tion of .the "Nazi era. Other 
examples could be cited. 

One reason for the -pressure on 
the government to take some 
action is the public sense of 
frstraiion when they see university 
authorities apparently condoning 
behaviour of this kind by taking 
only minimum action against it. 
The absurdly lenient penalties 
imposed on those who over an 
entire term endeavoured to pre- 
vent Professor Vincent from 
fulfilling his professorial duties is 
only the most recent example. 

Mexican poet Octavio Paz talks to 
Jean-Franyois Revel about the fading 
of a long-standing cultural influence 

Europe today, 
as seen by 
Latin America 


Abigon - and. on the other, by 
San re and the existentialists, with 
Albert Camus forming one island 
and the surrealist group another. 

I always felt sympathetic to- 
wards the surrealists because they 
were keeping the old subversive, 
poetic, revolutionary faith intact. 
At the same time I realized that, in 
terms of poetics, as an artistic 
adventure, surrealism had run its 
course. But then so had our whole 
concept of "modem art” since 
romanticism. We have finished 
wiih the concept of f an moderne. 
In this sense, modernity is over, 
and a new era has begun. 

Revel: In your Ivok. One Earth. 
Four or Five Worlds, you speak of 
the war in which the self critical 
spirit of Europe has become, as it 
were, perverted. For the past 20 
years or so. the sole atm of 
European self-criticism has been, 
according to you. to destroy Euro- 
pean civilization. 

Paz: Criticism in Europe was. 
originally, criticism of power and 
of orthodoxies. In the 20th century 
there is suddenly a huge void. 
Everything thai was previously 

criticism of orthodoxies turns 
instead into an apologia for Uto- 
pias. We no longer have criticism 
of religions, as in the 1 8th century, 
but on the contrary an apologia for 
concealed religions — for exam- 
ple. the religion of the communist 

Basically, this is the big dif- 
ference between Voltaire and 
Jean-Paul Sartre. Voltaire's work 
offers a comprehensive criticism 
of orthodoxy, of “the childhood 
that lives on in us”. Sartre's work 
is characterized by nostalgia for 
that childhood, for wholeness. 
That is how modem criticism has 
become perverted into an enco- 
mium for a concealed religious 

Revel: Arc. then, the true heirs to 
the age-old critical struggles of the 
European intelligentsia the Soviet 
dissidents ? 

Paz: And also certain Western 
European figures — Camus, for 
example, at one point. But yes. 
broadly speaking, it is the East 
European writers who have taken 
over this role. They are fighting for 

Octavio Paz has had half a dozen volumes of his poems 
translated into English. Jean-Francois Revel writes 
a regular Paris Notebook for Encounter. His books include 
works of travel (on Italy), literary criticism (Proust), 
philosophy (a two-volume history), and world politics (How 
Democracies Perish, 1985). This interview is extracted from 
a longer article appearing in the next issue of Encounter 

its proper purpose, ihe pursuit of 
learning, and not for political ends 
unrelated to n. One cannot expect 

What the older generation finds 
hand to understand, however, is 
the very limited authority avail- 
able to heads of universities or 
colleges compared with what they 
remember to have been the case in 
their own undergraduate days. 

What we have now in the 
universities, or many of them, is a 
system in which the students 
themselves take part in the disci- 
plinary machinery. And it needs 
no great effort of the imagination 
to see that students will (for a 
variety of reasons, some good 
some bad) never lend themselves 
to severe action against their 
contemporaries. The universities, 
in this respect, have to put their 
house in order there is no reason 
why they should not do so. 

It all goes back to the panic of 
the 1960s when the universities 
tried to buy off the wave of student 
“discontent" with a variety of 
concessions covering the whole 
field of university management 
and activities by the so-called 
“concordat" enshrined in the joint 
declaration of the Committee of 
Vice-Chancellors and Principals 
and the National Union of Stu- 
dents of October 7, 1968. Part of 
the Danegeld was the inclusion of 
students in the handling of disci- 
pline. Fortunately perhaps, the 
National Union of Students with- 
drew from the whole agreement in 
1972. so there would be no 
possible breach of faith by the 
universities if they went back to 
the old tried ways. 

Fines, suspensions or postpone- 
ments of degrees are neither here 
nor there. If someone is unfitted to 
hold a coveted university place, at 
the public's expense, he or she 
must surrender it and make way 
for someone prepared to use it for 

spiritual freedom against oppres- 
sion. They are not fighting in a 
climate of freedom for intolerant, 
sectarian solutions. The majority 
of Latin American intellectuals are 
still loyal heirs to the theological 
thought of the 17th century, but 
wedded to the political ortho- 
doxies of the 20th. There are, 
nevertheless, writers who have 
broken with that tradition, includ- 
ing Vargas LJosa in Peru and 
Cubans who became victims of 
Castro after having been his 
friends and followers. 

Revel: Have the changes that have 
been taking place in Europe over 
the past 10 years, particularly in 
France, been noticed in Latin 

Paz: Yes. they have. At first they 
frightened and shocked people, 
because basically many 
writershave been influenced by, 
even moulded by, the French 
ideological debate as it unfolded 
from 1945 onwards under the 
wing of Marxism and of Jean-Paul 
Saire in particular. All those 
people are today frightened and 
saddened by the fact that France 
has abandoned that ideology. 
Revel: And don't they ask them- 
selves why? 

Paz: Yes. they do. They are just 
beginning to feel the first twinges 
of doubt. Now they no longer talk 
about “the Soviet model" or “the 
Cuban ideal". They keep quiet, 
ashamed to bring that up; yet they 
still storm at the Americans. They 
see the United States as the 
universally guilty party, the 
embodiment of evil. They have 
transferred all their current an- 

guish to the fiendish spectre that 
the US has become in their eyes. 

Revel: And what of "liberation 
theology'’, that mysterious 
phenomenon uv in Europe find so 

Paz: The church has always been 
involved in the political struggles 
of Latin America. Today’s con- 
demnation of capitalists by the 
Latin American clergy is the same 
as the condemnation of usurers by 
the theologians of the Middle 
Ages. They still haven't under- 
stood — and this would have 
caused Marx much amusement — 
that modern capitalism bears no 
resemblance to usury. They want 
to rescue the poor from their 
poverty, but at the same time they 
reject the conditions of an econ- 
omy of expansion. 

Woodrow Wyatt 

the public to respect universities 
and their ethos if they do not 
respect themsel ves. 

1 believe that if this primary 
question were resolved, the other 
and more complicated questions 
to which I have referred would be 
easier to handle. Since student 
societies of various kinds form a 
useful if subordinate part ofhigher 
education in the broadest sense, 
one would want to interfere as 
little as possible wiih their choice 
of visitors and to protect as far as 
possible all those who responded 
io their invitations. The important 
thing is that any limitations on 
this activity or on the protection 
afforded should be even-handed: 
what cannot be tolerated is politi- 
cal discrimination, such as that 
exercised against Jewish societies 
in some notorious cases. Here 
what matters is the good of the 
institution as a whole, not some 
abstract notion of free speech 
which may or not be relevant to a 
particular case. 

In the early days of the Univer- 
sity College at Buckingham (now 
the University of Buckingham) I 
had the painful experience - as 
principal - of declining an offer 
from a distinguished person to 
give a lecture on the Middle East 
problem. I knew that he would 
express a strongly pro-Israeli view 
with which I would find myself in 
large agreement But 1 felt that if 
he came, and our Arab or other 
Muslim students asked to be 
allowed to invite anther speaker to 
pul the pro-Palestinian case, I 
would not be able to refuse them. 
And t felt that when I was trying to 
build up an academic community 
containing Jews and Arabs, Ibos 
and Yorubas, Malays, Chinese 
and Indians from Malaysia and 
other disparate elements it was 
desirable in those early days not to 
encourage divisions on national 
religious or other grounds. I still ; 
think I was right 

With larger and belter estab- 
lished institutions, greater risks 
can be taken, and should be. 
Judgement is ail. 

© ThnM Newspapers, 1988. 

Before retiring in 1979 Lord Beloff 
had long experience teaching at 
Manchester and Oxford univer- 

Revel: What conclusion do you 
draw from the path you have taken 
personally, and how do you ac- 
count for it? 

Paz: I believe I can speak for the 
generation of the 1930s. which has 
suffered simultaneously from fas- 
cism, Marxism, and revolution. 

I was in Spain in the 1930s. 
When I returned to Mexico in 
1940. the literary world of Latin 
America was dominated by poets 
of a communist inclination, such 
as Pablo Neruda and Cesar Val- 
lejo. But I had the good fortune to 
make the acquaintance of Victor 
Serge, who opened my eyes to the 
reality of the Soviet Union. 

1 also had the wisdom. I think, 
to see that true political thought, 
authenticity, and realism were on 
the side of the poet Andre 
Breton — morality, too. I immedi- 
ately saw Sartre as the “ inte/lectue I 
defirant." a disordered intellec- 
tual. It was the philosopher, in 
fact, not the poet, who was calling 
up monsters hostile to reason. 

This was the seizure of power by 
the professors, the new pre-emi- 
nence of critics over creators. The 
theoreticians had managed to 
drive out the poets and the 
novelist. I believe the “cultural 
revolution" we were talking about 
would not be complete if. in 
addition to the ideological adjust- 
ment there were not also a return 
to the imagination. 

We must restore to the imagina- 
tion the function that has been 
usurped by the professors and 

Mrs Thatcher’s 

friendly lever 

The cry for suffer sanctions 
against South Africa is the refuge 
■ of the unthinking. A fashionable 
new suggestion is to cut air !inks._ 
That would cnpple the airlines ot 
at leasi 10 African countries 
utterly dependent for their tuel 
and servicing on South Africa. 
The South Africans would not 
sustain the airlines of those coun- 
tries which had asked for a ban on 
direct air travel to South Africa. 

The front line states of Bo- 
tswana. Zimbabwe. Mozambique 
and Zambia would be ruined 
without their trade with and 
through South Africa. Severe sanc- 
tions would damage South Africa 
but they would wreck the precari- 
ous countries nearby. South Africa 
would not be disposed to continue 
the indispensable trading conduit 
for black countries which had got 
the sanctions they demanded, 
however insincerely. More dis- 
investment would hurt blacks 
worse than whites. 

And what are new sanctions 
supposed to achieve? Why would 
the South African government 
believe that harsher sanctions, 
once imposed- would be lifted, 
however much reform it initiated. 
It has had scam recognition for the 
remarkable speed with which the_ 
most objectionable features of 
apartheid have been dismantled. 
The British government’s stajice 
of warning and advising is wiser 
than rushing wildly into trade 
ostracism. That would make the 
Afrikaners, proud of their history 
of triumphing when beleaguered, 
more intractable and more repres- 

it is not true that most blacks 
and while liberals in South Africa 
want sanctions. Chief Buthelezi. 
with his six million Zulus, and 
Colin Eglin. leader of the Progres- 
sive Federal Party, are against 
them. It is painless self-indulgence 
for those, like Denis Healey, who 
would inflict hardship and suffer- 
ing from a distance upon others. 

The Commonwealth Eminent 
Persons Group should not have 
run away just when they were 
making an impression on Presi- 
dent Botha with their ideas for 
starting a fruitful dialogue be- 
tween the conflicting parties. They 
showed shallowness and lack of 
determination and negotiating 
ability. Their report, which in 
some parts is excellent has thus 
lost much utility. 

Despite its genuine reforms, 
which have shocked many whites, 
the South African government has 
not yet braced itself to accept what 
it knows to be true. There can be 
no negotiations leading to settled 
peace unless Nelson Mandela and 
his fellow political prisoners are 
released, the ANC is unbanned 
and its exiled leaders allowed to 
return freely to South Africa. The 

-w» \3i:or.d.T.»unc»i designed to 
j,,.. ;re future conv.iiutton - 
w;:n mjr.bers’r:;? open to black 
leaders — ^ c.m enough Negnii.v 
•j.-.ns she ANC. 

whether or r.-r. « _ renounces . 
\ roVn.-c :n advance. If ris leaders 
break the ke* will be sut-jeci 
to it- if gc nume pcc jnauonv Tor 
p,,-.ver sharing are started, th&lrue 
following of an unbanned ANC 
would be exposed and wuuld be 
diminished if it persisted m. its 
policy of :r>:ng to establish aone- 
part> state cy 'he gun. 

At present as the EPG detected. 
President Botha's suggestions- for 
political development are’ im- 
precise and there is no agenda. 
There are high risks in legalizing 
the A\C. which the EPG naively 
thought was untainted by com- 
munist influence, but the risks in 
trying to squash us rebellion, by 
force are even greater. That might 
be a tempting last resort i! 
negotiations failed to prodiidc a 
fair division of political power 
among the various interests- of 
which the ANC is no more 
significant than a number- o! 
others. It should not be a # first 

L’nfortunatelv the South 'Af- 
rican government is clumsyr-and 
unsophisticated. The new sta(S of 
emergency 3nd restrictions - 'on 
media reporting arc examples, it 
was understandable that the gov- 
ernment should wish to forestall 
the ANCs advertised plans, to 
create mayhem in the townships 
last Monday. If it is true thaf in 
consequence the day passed with 
much less violence than expected 
it should at once have liftcdnhc 
state of emergency, released those 
detained as a precaution and 
restored the media's large freedom 
of reporting. 

Mrs Thatcher and her govern- 
ment have resisted the clamour 
for more punitive sanctions. This 
gives her a powerful position as a 
friendly adviser to President ;fio- 
tha. whose greatest need in a 
hostile world is for friends. The 
threats of countries like India and 
Zambia to leave the Common- 
wealth if she does not obey them 
are meaningless. The Common- 
wealth enables a number of politi- 
cally unimportant countries to gel 
an airing on the world stage; If 
they leave it will be their loss, not 

But the implications for South 
Afirica of making Mrs Thatcher 
an enemy would be horrific. If she 
turned her back the LISA would 
promptly do the same, and so 
would West Germany and therest 
of the EEC. Because she has Wen 
so sensible she can push South 
Africa in the right direction. 
Others, who merely proclaim 
hatred and seek destruction, have 
no influence. 

Alan Franks 





Field of human 

I shall be watching tomorrow’s 
World Cup quarter final between 
England and Argentina in the 
comparative safely of the back 
room of the Marlborough pub in 
Richmond. I hope the evening will 
pass without incident, although 
one cannot be certain. 

In any event. I am glad that I 
shall be here rather than in the 
Aztec Stadium, where the Mexi- 
can military has been mobilized to 
keep a still unofficial peace be- 
tween ourselves - that is. the bit 
of ourselves represented by 3.000 
jingoistic supporters — and the 
Argentines' counterpart, the har- 
ms bravos, a group of over-zealous 
fans who make the Paraguayan 
defence look like benignity itself. 

This is one of those few occa- 
sions when the popular press, 
echoing ihe 1982 headlines of 
“Gotcha!" and the rest is not 
wholly guilty of h\ perbole. On two 
rerent visits to Mexico I was made 
painfully aware of the national 
sensitivity towards the very thing 
that is about to take place in 36 
hours’ time. 

The fixture in fact is rather more 
than a mere game of football, in 
the same way that a Test match 
between England and the West 
Indies is rather more than a mere 
game of cricket. Both have be- 
come metaphors for the greater 
puissance of the competing coun- 

For this reason it was heartening 
to hear Diego Maradona. Argen- 
tina ’sExoce l of the penalty area, 
asserting that whatever his 
country's feelings may be over its 
whitewash in the Port Stanley 
fixture four years ago. nothing is 
going to be substantially altered bv 
one eleven knocking more balls 
into a net than the other. 

ITte trouble is that the two 
nationalist fervours over sporting 
attainment and territorial pos- 
session arc not quite so clearly 
divisible as the sensible Sr 
Maradona (sensible, that is. until 
he starts ripping our back four 
apart), wishes to suggest. Had that 

been the case, then his great 
compatriot Osvaldo Ardiles"'of 
Tottenham Hotspur would hardly 
have had to hightail it backL-io 
Argentina immediately the game 
got rough in the Stadio Malvinas 
in 1982. 

The Football Association has 
apparently not asked the British 
embassy in Mexico City to make 
any special arrangements tor cop- 
ing with English fans during the 
quarter final: similarly, there has 
been no appeal to them or the 
5.000 Argentine fans for good 
behaviour during the tie. One 
likely reason for this is that both 
sets of supporters have so far befen 
remarkably good-tempered. 

As if missing Maradona's point, 
a former president of the Ar- 
gentine Football Federation. Ad- 
miral Lacoste, has been saying 
how much he welcomes 
lomorrow~s Anglo-Argenrfte 
confrontation, on the grounds ffrat 
it would mean “a serious match 
between the two countries, and- a 
chance to heal old wounds.". On 
the first point. 3bout the serious 
match. I would agree, but on ihe 
second, sadly, not. ;;; 

Even in the verdant suburbiato 
whose thirst the Marlboroilgh 
ministers, things get pretty wild -in 
the back room as the giant screen 
tlashes the action to the drinkere. 
and the very rhetoric which 
characterized tabloid encourage- 
ment to the Task Force comes into 
play. “Bring on the Argies!" is efrte 
of the more moderate demands 
which I recall from Wednesdays 
victory over Paraguay. The Na- 
tional Front members who life 
now in Mexico and inflaming the 
Argentines with taunts about los- 
ing another war do not have a 
monopoly of misplaced chauvin- 

There is really nothing new 

?»7° ul i_. a l lh ’ s - f° r “ was al 
Wembley in 1966 that the shades 
pi another war were being invoked 
>n the interests or a new British 
triumph. I hope things run civilly 
at the Marlborough tomorrow.. 


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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


In the run-up to the 1983 
-election the Prime Ministers 
’• advisers thought that they had 
; ; surpassed themselves in politi- 
^ cal cleverness. Two parallel 
"■roads were being taken to- 

■ wards the Tory manifesto. The 
. first was a complex consnlta- 
'•~tion exercise, masterminded 

by Sir Geoffrey Howe and 
involving large numbers of 
/ Conservative MPs and party 
'.Apparatchiks, who might 
.. otherwise have felt neglected. 
-The second was a simpler 

■ process, concentrated around 
•' the Prime Minister’s policy 
l imit, which was to set out what 

-really needed to be done. 
When anyone in the Cabinet 

- Complained about the dangers 
of a radical programme, his or 

"her attention was discreetly 

- drawn to the Howe exercise. 
“To frustrated radicals the mes- 
. .sage was quietly commu- 

ideated that the real work was 
being done behind Sir 
"Geoffrey's consultative 

: It was all ineffably neat 
"Unfortunately it resulted in a 
manifesto whose lade of in- 
spiration was matched only by 
-aTortuitous absence of politi- 
„cal intelligence within the 
main opposition party. The 
-Government was returned 
massively to power with barely 
“tile minutest idea of what it 
was going to do with it 
_ In setting up a new mani- 
festo-making group of Cabinet 

■ -ministers, under her own 
'Chairmanship, Mrs Thatcher 

seems to have acknowledged 
that earlier failure. It has been 
widely noted - and it is cer- 
tamly significant — that Mr 
Biffenhas not been selected for 
the team. It is also true that Mr 
Tebbit’s plans to be a one-man 
architect of the next election 
victory have been politely 
placed in the pending tray. Of 
much greater importance at 
this stage, however, is the 
sense of much-needed clarity 
that a single group under the 
Prime Minister’s chairman- 
ship should bring. 

It will have plenty to occupy 
its time. Since 1983 the 
Conservative government has 
been better .at exporting its 
ideas throughout the Western 
world than in developing them 
at home. Policies for neglected 
areas — particularly in the so- 
cial services and education — 
need to be developed. Even 
more importantly for this 
committee, the political con- 
ditions must be created in 
which those policies can flour- 

There is no doubt, for 
example, that Sir Keith Joseph 
had a vision for improved 
education in Britain. But he 
could not inspire confidence 
and so he could not deliver the 
results. Mr Kenneth Baker has 
die practical plausibility. But 
unless the Government is 
simply to go to the country 
with the best-painted bad 
schools in Europe, he — and 
his colleagues — must show 
that he stands for more than 

mere administrative tinkering. 

The same is true of the 
health service. This week’s 
brutal mauling of foe health 
minister, Mr Barney Hayhoe. 
by Mr Edward Heath (of all 
people) shows just how shal- 
low is foe Government’s 
conviction on this issue. 

It is important not to foil 
into the trap of exaggerating 
the importance of foe mani- 
festo. One of the Govern- 
ment's most characteristic 
success has been privatisation. 
This was by no means dearly 
foreshadowed in foe 1979 
manif esto. Certainly no in- 
dication was given that the sale 
of public assets would later 
prove such a powerful agent of 

But foe Prime Minister had 
enoug h political will and sup- 
port to push such measures 
through- She now needs foe 
will and the backing of her 
colleagues to continue foe job. 
In today’s political dimate 
that means a Cabinet group of 
the kind she has now estab- 

The decision has come late 
— maybe too late. The con- 
sequent decision about who 
actually runs the election cam- 
paign remains open — maybe 
too open. But the auguries for 
a development of government 
policy along lines that can 
protect past achievements and 
promote future ones looks 
better at foe end of this week 
than it has done for many 


-Spain’s Socialist Party, fight- 
-"rag to return to power in 
17 "tomorrow’s general election, 

, .has proved that it can govern, 
as firmly as its right-wing 
•'•opponents. After winning 
—power in December 1982, the 
"/Socialists decided that they 
■^‘ should govern in the interests 
of foe country as a whole, not 
l in any sectanan interest It is 
! they who have therefore 
undergone the “cambio”, the 
change, which was their 
beguiling 1982 campaign slo- 
gan, — for more so than the 
“country which elected them. 
Tomorrow's poll will be^ first 
test how foe Spanish people 
-have judged that change. 

Franco hammered into the 
: jjpanish people that foe danger 
- -was on foe left. But foe legacy 

■ -of his 40-year long authoritar- 
ian regime has been a nervous- 
ness about the Right This 
Tupderlay the “long march” of 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez, the 

■ Socialist leader, towards 
! conquering the centre ground 
; . for his party. 

A lacklustre election cam- 
l-Zpaign this time has thrown up. 
"3£b credible governing alter- 
rmtive to another four years of 
the Socialists in power. But the 
Socialists are worried about 
disenchantment where before 
there was widespread enthu- 
siasm for Senor Gonzalez and 
his untarnished young Social- 
ist team. 

Senor Gonzalez has pointed 
.. to achievements like joining 
^ foe Common Market and 
V consolidating democracy so 
..that memories of foe doom- 
L laden atmosphere at the time 
-'of foe 1981 coup attempt are 
dim.With no leftist ideological 
"frills, foe campaign has been 

about conquering as many 
seats as possible over foe 176 
seal barrier for an absolute 
majority in Parliament in or- 
der to cany on in office — and 
very little else. 

The Socialists are worried 
about two groups who may 
abstain next Sunday — foe 
centre voters who helped so 
si gnifican tly to make up the 
governing majority last time, 
and foe new voters and foe 
unemployed. Those under 25 
make up more than six million 
eligible voters, and the under- 
25s also account for half of 
Spam’s three million un- 
employed — the worst figure in 
airy West European nation. 

Senor Gonzalez has built up 
a remarkable concentration of 
power, due to his own capacity 
for hard work, charismatic 
leadership, and the absence of 
any opponent of equivalent 
stature.The Gonzalez team has 
shown firmness, imagination 
and much astuteness. At elec- 
tions, and at the March NATO 
referendum, it has relied 
heavily, on American tech- 
niques of electronic image- 
making- The leader’s rallies are 
primarily “for” the television 
news bulletins, a state monop- 
oly in Spain. Gonzalez has also 
concentrated around him a 
staff of about 500, with a 
kernel of 60 personal assis- 
tants, whose advice he often 
uses to overrule ministers. 

A uniquely southern kind of 
European Socialism “has 
emerged in Spain, foe party’s 
centre of gravity having shifted 
from the historic industrial 
north to Seville, foe Andalu- 
sian home town of Senor 
Gonzalez and Senor Alfonso 
Guerra, who is both deputy 

prime minister and deputy 
party secretary general- This 
southern slant is important for 
foe bulk of the party’s votes 
have till now come from foe 
less developed south, phis the 

The NATO controversy, 
with the Socialists switching 
from their ’82 election promise 
to hold a referendum to take 
Spain out of foe alliance to 
actively campaigning for stay- 
ing in, proved foe party’s 
highly centralized character 
today.Under the Socialists, 
Spain has not developed vig- 
orous institutions between foe 
country’s leaders and foe or- 
dinary citizens. Parliament has 
not become a more lively place 
under them, but less so. No 
Socialist MPs have emerged as 
“characters” for foe media nor 
become known as experts. The 
trade unions’ power, . only 
emerging after 40 years of 
dictatorship, actually has suf- 
fered under the Socialists. 

The system of party lists of 
parliamentary candidates at 
the provincial level further 
concentrates power in the 
Socialist leaders’ hands, and 
good constituency MPs are 
unknown. Critics have been 
dropped from the candidates 
lists this time. Finally. Spain’s 
1V6 million public employees 
(increased by some 150,000 
under the Socialists) have not 
become noticeably more 
democratic or efficient 

It is the government itself 
which has undergone foe 
change. The reforming party of 
yesterday has become the 
party of the status quo. It will 
be interesting to see if this suits 
the Sp anis h voters’ tastes. 


“ There is word from NASA;' 
"'well there usually is. The two 
previously undiscovered as- 
teroids which were recently 
found to be going round the 
. earth at much foe same dis- 
tance from it as foe moon are 
-said to be rich in nickeL 
- "So far, so good; but the 
' discovery has given NASA an 
idea. The idea is to send 
mining expeditions to them, to 
■obtain supplies of this rare but 
.essential metal for the orbiting 
■'Space stations which, we are 
■assured, will be filling the 
heavens by the end of foe 
-century, if only they have 
enough nickeL 

. Plain folk may say that foe 

r blem of foe nickel-shortage 
space stations can be easily 
solved by abandoning the 
/plans for space stations. But 
. that is why they are just plain 
folk instead of NASA officials. 

! If there is space, there must - 
-must there not? — Be stations 
hi it And if foose stations need 
nickeL nickel they shall have, 
though we have to trawl the 
skies for it But there may be 
^ther problems involved* 

■ which even NASA has foiled to 
spot, and one or two of them 
could well be more intractable 
foan a shortage of nickeL 
• - Mining needs miners; every- 
body knows that. Miners have 
unions; everybody knows that 

We are not of the school of 
thought which , believes that 
little green men with webbed 
feet and antennae sticking out 
of their ears have recently 
landed at Borrowdafe; on foe 
other hand, we are not so 
foolish as to deny all possibil- 
ity of a world elsewhere. A stiff 
drink may be needed to face 
what follows: how would foe 
NASA officials fee! if they 
arrived on the nickel-rich 
mooniet and found a replica of 
Mr Scargfll but with fourteen 
legs and one huge eye in foe 
middle of his forehead, shout- 
ing (from half a dozen mouths) 
about defending miners' 
communities? . 

There is no need to be 
partisan; the visitors are just as 
likely to meet Sir Ian 
Macgregor with his head in a 
plastic bag, or even with a 
plastic bag in his head. Either 
way, they are in for a nasty 
shock. And who. knows 
whether there are enough rug- 
ged individualists in space to 
form a Union of Democratic 
Miners? And even if there are, 
would we feel quite as warmly 
disposed to them if they came 
fr foe form of grant beetles or 
massive quivering blobs of 
pink jelly? 

And there are problems of - 
another kind, involved, too. 
Who says foe nickel found in 

Changing tack on unemployment 

space is exactly the same 
substance as the kind found on 
earth? Suppose it had a very 
slight, an imperceptible, dif- 
ferent atomic constitution; 
imagine the dismay on foe 
space stations when foe nickel 
began to buckle, or give off 
disconcerting purple sparks. 

Nor is that the end of it 
What about cost-effectiveness? 
Talk about uneconomic pits; 
does foe Treasury realise that 
every four-penn’orth of nickel 
mined in space wall costa sum, 
in pounds, so huge that it will 
be quicker to weigh foe 
noughts than count them? And 
then, the end of the century is 
still some way ofl; surely foe 
scientists will have come up 
with a cheap substitute for 
nickel before ft dawns, or even 
a means of turning cardboard 
milk-cartons into foe precious 
substance at foe presang of a 

The plain folk may be right, 
after alL We would not ad- 
vocate foe abandonment of the 
entire space programme; we 

recognise that there must be 

progress, even if we are some- 
times not sure why. But before 
the mining expedition sets off, 
ft might do well to tit down 
and think the project through 
rather more folly. Brother, can 
you spare a nickd? 

From the Director of the Employ- 
ment Institute 

Sir. The real message oflast week’s 
report (The Times. June 13) by Sir 
Austin Bide's Occupations Study 
Group on future employment 
trends was not the gloomy one 
your leader (June 14) concentrated 
upon. Nor was it the need for 
lower pay increases. The main 
lesson was the case it revealed for 
urgent Government action on 

The OSG report confirmed that 
current trends in employment are 
likely to continue if policy is not 
changed. There will be further job 
losses in manufacturing and other 
production industries. 

Why such a bleak outlook? 
None other than the reason 
systematically identified by 
employers in all such surveys and 
notably those regularly earned out 
by the CB1 and tbe Institute of 
Directors. Employer' after em- 
ployer confirms that it is their 
belief that demand will stay low, 
domestically and internationally, 
that is the explanation for poor 
output expectations and their 
unwillingness to take on more 
labour. As your leader conceded, 
wage levels were not a crucial 
concern: nor the level of capacity. 

Why. then, do you continue to 
rule out the case for a “demand- 
boost cure for unemployment?” 
Your own figures demonstrate 

Ordination of women 

From the Bishop of Chichester 
Sir. The suggestion is made by 
your episcopal correspondents on 
June 16 that the ordination of 
women to the presbyterate and 
episcopate is a second-order mat- 
ter. which can properly be deckled 
by the General Synod of the 
Church of England. They overtook 
the fact that the theological ques- 
tions raised concern such first- 
order matters as the significance of 
the Incarnation of Christ asa man 
and God’s choice of the time and 
cultural setting of the Incarnation, 
to mention only two very briefly. 

The ordination of women 
would, therefore, make a change 
in the ministry which would be of 
an order quite different, for exam- 
ple. from the abolition of the rule 
of celibacy by the Church of 
England at the Reformation. 

Many believe that the theologi- 
cal question thus raised can only 
be conclusively settled by 
ecumenical agreement and that it 
is not within the competence of 
particular churches to take action 
until such an agreement is evident 
Yours faithfully. . 
The Palace. 

Chichester, West Sussex. 

June J8. 

Nature of belief 

From the Archbishop of York . - 
Sir. Professor Ward’s logic (article. 
June 14) is no doubt impeccable, 
but I wonder how he treats 
students who. when pursuing a 
logical argument leave out half 
the premisses. He bases his criti- 
cism of the bishops' report on The 
Nature of Belief on half a sentence 
from the opening statement The 
other neglected half of tbe sen- 
tence refers to the belief that 
Christ's tomb was empty “as 
affirming that in the resurrection 
life the material order is rc- 

Neglect at Wareham 

From Mr G. H. Osborn 
Sir. The great Saxon earth walls of 
Wareham. built by Alfred the 
Great are among the few exam- 
ples of a walled town left in Britain 
and a very rare part of our 
national heritage worthy of 
preservation at all costs. Yet sad 
to say. they are in a state of total 
neglecL overgrown with wild 
thorn, scrub and gorse, much 
eroded, a wilderness with litter 

Some months ago, shocked to 
see the state of this unique 
national treasure. I wrote, point- 
ing out the state of the walls, to the 
Pur beck District Council, in 
whose care the walls are supposed 
to be: to Wareham Town Council; 
to English Heritage, whose pri- 
mary concern should be the 
preservation of our national her- 
itage: the Countryside Commis- 
sion, and the Dorset County 
Council Heritage Commission. 

All these bodies were in agree- 
ment that the neglected state of tbe 
walls was a national disgrace and 
that something should be done to 
save these historic walls before 
they are damaged beyond repair. 

Since then, however, no action 
whatever has been taken or pro- 
posed and indeed the Purbeck 
District Council simply evades the 

Cleaning up 

From Lord Denman 
Sir. Edward du Cann (June 10) is 
not unique in haying a room with 
a view of a dirty river. Mrs Imelda 
Marcos, some years ago. freed the 
same problem. 

The River Pasig, flowing 
through Manila beneath the win- 
dows of the presidential palace, 
was 'cluttered with rubbish. Being 
a lady of authority and resource. 
Mrs Marcos invited the wives of 
the Army's generals to lunch and 
told them the river was a disgrace. 
Each of them would be allotted a 
portion of it and must devise her 
ow-n means of securing its cleans- 
ing. Six months later they would 
meet again “to celebrate our 

Six months later the river was 

Should we not encourage Sir 
Eduard to give a luncheon? 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

June 12. 

clearly that restrictive policies 
have not succeeded in bringing 
down the rate at which wages are 
rising. But they have persuaded 
employers that demand and hence 
employment opportunities will 
remain depressed. 

You write encouragingly that 
the Government should focus hs 
policies across the board more 
sharply towards jobs. It can do this 
in pan by redistributing expen- 
diture towards areas where the 
money will be spent directly on 
employment (and particularly by 
taking on the long-term un- 
employed. whose re-entry to the 
labour market will diminish rather 
than increase pressure on wages). 
But tbe Government also needs to 
loosen its budgetary shackles and 
demonstrate that it is in favour of 
faster growth and genuine expan- 

This means more than taking 
pride in the million jobs that may 
have, been created since the trough 
of the depression. The Bide report 
shows that much more ambitious 
targets are needed in future if 
employers are to have the con- 
fidence to plan and invest for large 
increases in their labour force. 
Yours faithfully. 

JON SHIELDS, Director. 
Employment Institute. 

Suite 107. Southbank House, 

Black Prince Road. SE1. 

June 16. 

deemed, and the fulness of human 
nature, bod By. mental and spir- 
itual. is glorified for eternity." 

The two halves of the sentence 
are inseparable, the second half 
providing the theological content 
for tbe first, which acknowledges 
and upholds belief that Christ's 
tomb was empty “as expressing 
the frith of tbe Church of 
England.” in the section of tbe 
report on Faith and History the 
point is made that all statements 
of belief contain many layers of 
interpretation and that it is impos- 
sible to separate out the bare frets 
on one side, and tbe meaning 
which the Church has given to the 
stories and statements in which 
those beliefs are expressed on tbe 
other. By separating what the 
bishops have so carefully put 
together. Professor Ward is able to 
make a good debating point, while 
missing the heart of what they 
were saying. 

The essence of belief in revela- 
tion is acknowledgement that 
God’s activity can be discerned in 
history and conveyed in authori- 
tative stories. A church which is 
faithful to tradition tells these 
stories as a form of testimony 
within which event and inter- 
pretation are inextricably mixed. 
Faith responds to this testimony 
as its means' of access to God and 
need not for the most part be 
concerned about unscrambling the 
mixture. Insofar as it tries to do so, 
however, historical claims have to 
submit to ordinary historical 
questioning and hence the 
possibilities of disagreement arise 
and have to be freed. 

They can be faced, though, 
within the context of a united 
adherence to the testimony. And 
this is what the bishops have done. 
Yours faithfully. 



June f6. 

issue by saying there is no money 
available to save this priceless 

Surely, in these days of mass 
unemployment and Manpower 
schemes, something could be done 
along the lines of the splendid 
restoration of nearby Badbury 
Rings, in which Prince Charles 
took a personal interest, and the 
Ceme Giant, which is now pre- 
served for all time. 

Given the right equipment and 
the assistance from Manpower. 
English Heritage or similar 
organisations, the task would not 
be very costly and could be 
quickly achieved before further 
damage is done. 

I trust that by publishing this 
letter you will help to stir the 
public conscience to take some 
action before irreparable damage 
occurs. I have just returned from 
Spain and when one sees there the 
loving-care that that impoverished 
country takes with its walled 
towns, one is almost tempted to 
despair of the attitude seemingly 
adopted by authorities in this case. 
Yours faithfully. 


Cherry T ree Cottage. 

Meriey Ways. 


June 12. 

Children’s diet 

From Professor Vincent Marks 
Sir. I did not advocate “un- 
restricted consumption of sugar 
and saturated fat” as Dr Louise 
Graham (June 12) alleges in her 
comments on my remarks on 
child diet (report, June 2). Science 
' does not recognise “good food" or 
“bad food", only good diets and 
bad diets. 

If Dr Graham wishes to believe 
that "there are thousands of 
children who. under a mountain 
of fat- are suffering from mal- 
nutrition due to over-consump- 
tion of sugar and white flour" so 
be iL She is not. however, entitled 
to represent her unsupported 
opinions, which % in the free of 
nearly all reputable published 
literature on the subject of obesity, 
as facts. 

Yours faithfully. 


Department of Clinical Bio- . 
chemistry and Nutrition. 

Si Luke's Hospital. 

Guildford. Surrey. 

Fair game for US 
academic raiders 

From Professor James Manor 
Sir. Recently. 1 attended a lunch at 
which senior administrators from 
two American universities traded 
stories of visits to Britain as 
leaders of what they called "raid- 
ing parties" to “poach" dons from 

British universities. Both were 

elated at their success and at foe 
way that brilliant scholars had. 
been rendered “easy pickings" by 
demoralization and the sharp 
drop in the real value of university 
pay in the UK since. 1979. 

One of the two had just 
“bagged" two scientists and a 
medic. The other said that 
“plundering" British science was 
old hat to him. He bad now 
moved on to the arts and social 
sciences and had just recruited 
four “dazzling" scholars in lit- 
erature. history, economics and 

These two men came not from 
elite universities but from schools 
of middling quality that are strug- 
gling to raise their status, yet they 
had seduced some of Britain's best 
minds from centres of prestige and 
excellence. Their glee may offend 
those of us who care about British 
higher education, but jhe Marne- 
for this lies less with them than 
with a government in. the UK that 
has laid its universities open to 
this sort of assaulL 

It will grow much more serious 
in the next few years when a wave 
of retirements creates a huge 
'number of vacant senior posts in 
America. The British Govern- 
ment must increase its support of 
the universities as a matter of 
urgent national interest. 



Havard University. 

Faculty of Arts and Sciences. 
Department of Government. 
Littauer Center M-22. 

Cambridge. Massachusetts. 

United States of America. 

June 1 1. 

Lest we forget 

From Mr D. J. Lewis 
Sir. Following the Austrian 
presidential election your 
correspondent (feature. June 14) 
seeks to persuade us that after, say. 
20 years past acts should be 
forgiven and forgotten. Why not 
15 years? Why not 10 years?To 
seek to equate such matters with 
time limits is surely a contradic- 
tion in terms. 

Genocide is a crime so heinous 
that it transcends the normal 
perception of right and wrong, 
crime and punishment, it is a 
mark of civilised society that those 
who commit a crime and who are 
punished are' absolved from that 
crime when due punishment has 
been accepted. Can one really say 
that those who were directly or 
indirectly involved in the Nazi 
terror have accepted such punish- 

. InawoiidofdbuMe standards it 
is templing indeed to wipe the 
slate clean wherever possible so as 
to avoid confrontation with basic 
moral issues. Is it yet right to 
forget Cambodia? Biafra? Should . 
we now consider the events of 
Soweto in 1976 to be for enough 
distant to merit a mere footnote in 
the history book?The answer 
surely is na It is our duly to 
remember, in an effort, however 
much it may be in vain, to stop the 
baser instincts of mankind enjoy- 
ing their periodic triumphs. 

At a time of expediency and 
double standards it is all the more 
vital -that those who maintain the 
single standard proclaim it and 
uphold it. 

Yours faithfully. 


76 Gloucester Place. WL 

Racism and Army 

From the Chairman of the 
Commission for Racial Equality 
Sir. Your leading article on racial 
discrimination (June 12). begins 
with tbe resounding churn “The 
Commission for Racial Equality 
says h has evidence of discrimina- 
tion against non-white soldiers". 
We have said no such thing 

Shortly before the publication of 
a newspaper article on alleged 
racial discrimination in the Array. : 
I was asked by one of the authors 
whether we were in touch with the 
Ministry of Defence about their 
recruitment and promotion proce- 
dures. 1 said we were and knew 
that tbe department was carrying 
out a review of these procedures. 

I assure you that when, this 
Commission decides to investi- 
gate any institution it does so 
strictly in accordance with the 
rules laid down in the statute. 

May I. on a separate point, 
assure Mr Kurowski (“Racism in 
-class”. June 1-1) that, in spite of 
what he understood, no official of 
the CRE was present at the 
meeting he mentioned. 

Yours fcithfully. 

PETER NEWSAM- Chairman. 
Commission for Racial Equality. 
Elliot House. 

10/12 AUington Street. SW1. 

As she is spoke 

From Professor John Honey . 

Sir. I have been puzzling over Mrs 
Brink lex's letter (June 12). in 
which she cite9 the words of an 
examination rubric to students: 
“You and your host family arc sat 
watching the tdcvision”.What 
does she find noteworthy about 
this? Presumably it is not the 
grammar of "arc sat", for this 
form is well-established idiomatic 
English, found in. for example. 
Addison's Sjvaaitv and many 
other sources, and it could well be 
uttered by her Majesty herselL 
Yours frilhfuHv. 


5 Woods Clow. 

Oadby. Leicestershire. 


- JUNE 21 1916 

No fighting force ever found a . 
more eloquent PRO than the 
submarine branch a/ ike “ Silent 
Service'’. In three lengthy articles' 
on June 21. 23 and 28 fludyard 
Kipling (1865-1336) paid tribute 
to a in his inimitable style. It was 
not known how the- name of “The 
Trade" came to be applied to the 
Submarine Service. ‘’Some say" 
wrote Kipling, "that the cruisers 
invented U because they pretend 
that submarine officers took like 
unwashed chauffeurs." 



By Radyard Kipling 
. .- . Some time ago HM Submarine 
EL9 (Commander Max Horton) 
was in the Baltic, in the deeps of 
winter, where she used to be taken 
to her hunting grounds by an ice- 

Here — it is not stated in the 
book, hut tbe 'Dade knows every 
aching , single detail of wbat is left 
out — she spent a certain time in 
testing arrangements and appara- 
tus. which may or may not work 
property, immersed in a mixture of 
block ice and dirty ice-cream in a 
temperature well towards zero. 
This is a pleasant job, made the 
more delightful by the knowledge 
that if you slip off the superstruc- 
ture the deadly Baltic chill will stop 
your heart long before even your 
heavy clothes can drown you. 
Hence (and this is not in tbe book 
either) the remark of the highly- 
trained sailorman in these lati- 
tudes who, on being told by his 
superior officer in the execution of 
his duly to go to Hell, did 
insubordinatety and enviously re- 
ply: “D'you think I'd be here if I 
could?'*. Whereby he caused the 
entire personnel, . beginning with 
the Commander to say “Amen". 

Next day she reports: - “As 
circumstances were favourable de- 
cided to attempt to bag a 
destroyer." Her “certain position” 
must have been near a well-used 
destroyer-run, for shortly after- 
wards she sees three 'of them but 
too far off to attack and. later, as 
the light is foiling a fourth destroy- 
er towards which she manoeuvres. 
“Depth-keeping” she notes, “very 
difficult owing to heavy swell.” An 
observation balloon oira gusty day . 
is almost as stable a£ a submarine 
“pumping 5 * in a heavy ■swell, and 
since the Baltic is shallow, the 
submarine-runs the chance of being 
let down with a whack on the 
bottom. None the less. E3 works 
her way to within 600 yards of the 
quarry; fires and waits just long 
enough to be sure that her torpedo 
is running straight and that the 
destroyer is holding her course. 

T hen she dips to avoid detection. 
The rest is deadly simple: - “At 
the correct moment after firing 45 
to 50 seconds, heard the unmistak- 
able noise of torpedo detonating.” 
Four minutes later, she rose and 
“found destroyer bad 
disappeared”. Then, for reasons 
probably connected with other 
dest r oyers who. too, may have 
heard that' unmistakable sound, 
she goes to bed below in the chill 
dark till it is time to turn 
homewards. When she rose she met 
storm Grom the north and logged it 
accordingly. “Spray froze as it 
struck, and bridge became a mass 
of ice. Found i$necessaiy to keep a 
man continuously employed on 
th» work . . 

- E.1. also a Baltic boat, her 
Commander F.N. Laurence, had 
her experiences too. She went out 
one summer day and late — too late 

— in the evening sighted three 
transports. The first she hit. While 
she was arranging for the- second, 
the third' inconsiderately tried to 

‘ ram her before her sights were on. 
So it was necessary to go down at 
once and waste whole minutes of 
the precious scanting light. When 
she rose Che stricken ship was 
sinking and shortly afterwards 
blew up. The other two were 
patrolling nearby. It would have 
been a fair chance in daylight, but 
tbe darkness defeated her . - . 

The Trade has many stories, too. 
of watching patrols when a boat 
must see chance after chance go by 
under her nose and write — merely 
write — what she had seen. 
Naturally they do not appear- Jn 
any accessible records.. Ner. which 
is a pity, do the authorities release 
the records of glorious failures, 
when everything goes wrong: when 
torpedoes' break surface and squat- 
ter like ducks; or arrive full square 
with a clang and burst of white 
water and — foil to explode; when 
the devil is in charge of all tbe 
motors, and clutches develop play 
that would scare a shore-going 
mechanic bald: when batteries 
begin to give off death instead of 
power, and atop of alL ice or 
wreckage of the strewn seas racks 
and wrenches the bull till the whole 
leaking bag of tricks. limps home on 
six missing cylinders and one ditto 
propeller, plus the indomitable will 
of the red-eyed husky scarecrows in 

There might be worse things in 

this world for decent people to read 
than such records. 

Digging up the past 

From Mr Martin Best 

Sr. In the Iasi four months I have 
seen the word medieval used no 
less than five limes in various 
newspapers as a term of dis- 
approval. even abusc.,two of these 
in your newspaper. 

I have been waiting for- some- 
body to protest against this slur on 
possibly the most glorious period 
in European history, but it seems 
ycl lo be forthcoming. So. since no 
one else is protesting I will. 

Yours faithfully. . 


Manin Best Medieval. Ensemble. 
CIcnsiQi) Manor. 

Winterbourne Clenston. 

Blandford Forum. Dorset 





“We're going to create some 
stress , anaotmced a professor 
of psychology to a gaggle of 
adolescent students in Tuiais 
Cub (BBC) — the idea being 
to condition them to Centre 
Court hostility in much the 
same way that police horses 
are trained to keep cool during 
riots. Stress was duly created 
with one of then* number 
playing a 12-point tie-breaker 
while his fellows from the 
Florida tewntf academ y bayed 
and jeered from the tramlines. 
“He had people screaming at 
him", declared the prof, 
commendn^Iy — but this be- 
ing America, where the major 
growth industry would seem to 
be the ever widening gap 
between word and referrent 
(the academy's chief spoke 
repeatedly of “giving 110 per 
cent"), they had been doing no 
such tiling, merely producing 
the barnyard soundtrack that 
accompanies ail too many 
group activities there. 

If doubts lingered as to the 
usefulness of this specific 
exercise, how much more at- 
tached to the general wisdom 
of forcing diese colts and 
fillies to accept “the pitiless 
ait of winning" as their norm? 
“I'm going to be N amber One 
in the world", declared a 10- 
y ear-old girl before another 
bout of aggression. 

At the other end of the scale, 
op there on the lucrative 
pinnacle to which they 
yearningly aspire, Martina 
Navratilova sighed over the 13 
years she has spent on the 
road with five dogs and one cat 
for company; Annabel Croft 
observed, with reference to the 
loneliness of the tournament 
circuit, “We get related to 
sailors a lot" (though not, 
presumably, by marriage); and 
Gabriela Sabatmi demonstrat- 
ed a disquieting flair for 
joggling a .football on her 
delectable knees. 

Elsewhere, Channel <fs 
Book Choice awarded its mi- 
serly 10 minutes to Antonia 
Fraser, who elected to recom- 
mend T.C. Smoot's A Century 
of the Scottish People 1 830- 
1950. There is not much to be 
done in the time available and 
in front of the- curious back- 
drop of blank spines ranked 
like disorderly gold ingots, but 
Lady Antonia communicated 
her enthusiasm with elegance 
and economy, and really did 
not need to apologise for 
“wanting to be carried away" 
by history, a “prejudice" 
which she Mamed on Gibbon. 
If only all prejudices could be 
as benign. 

Martin Cropper 

For the first time in ten years, Barbara Cook (right), one of the 
greatest theatrical cabaret singers, will begin a two-week 
season in London on Monday. Interview by Sheridan Morley 

Distinctive sense of drama 

ysnep^n ti$'~ 

■ -• . v v 

V ;: *> • >• 

'«£'£. ’,/■') }- igjaisj. 

John Voos 

•— ■ - ■ 

These things are of course a matter of 
critical and personal opinion, but if 
asked to name the greatest theatrical 
cabaret singer in regular concert and 
night-club work at the moment, 
there are a good many of us who 
would happily settle . for Barbara 
Cook. Next Monday, with an AIDS 
benefit at the Warehouse in Covent 
Garden, Miss Cook opens a two- 
wcek engagement (and David 
Kcrnan's summer season of Show 
People) which is amazingly enough 
only her second in this country: 

"The first was ten years ago at the 
old Country Cousin down in Chel- 
sea. and that was a riot, most nights 
quite literally. They’d told me to 
expect all that okJ-English courtesy 
and restraint but what happened 
often enough was that fist-fights 
would break out between the people 
who had come to hear me and the 
ones who wanted to carry on talking 
at the bar. Luckily my team usually 
won through in the end." 

Miss Cook has never made a 
movie, seldom works on television 
(though she was seen there recently 
with a definitive rendering of "Los- 
ing My Mind” in the concert version 
of Sondheim 's-Foliics) and has not 
worked in a Broadway show for 
more than 15 years. Indeed the 
vagaries of her remarkable career 
have given her a memorably ironic 
cabaret number called “The 
Ingenue": "The parts you play quite 
often may require you to ham a 

lot/And you're inclined to wind up 
in a bus-and-truck of CamelotfWhi\c 
movie roles you long to do/They 
give to Shirley Jones to do". 

Throughout the 1950s she starred 
in a run of Broadway hits (early 
revivals of Oklahoma and Carousel 
and then Plain and Fancy . 
Bernstein's Confide. The Music 
Man and She Loves Me) unrivalled 
by any actress or singer of her 
generation, and those years gave her 
a stronghold in theatre music which 
assures her cabaret act of its distinc- 
tion and its sense of drama - 

Now . in her fete fifties, the 
daughter of a travelling salesman, 
she grew up in Atlanta with a 
grandfather who loved to hang 
around vaudeville theatres and a 
father who would call her from 
wherever he happened to be on the 
road so that his daughter could Sing 
down the phone to him: 

"1 just always sang: I just sang 
because it was all l knew how to do. 
I'd never even seen a musical except 
on the movies, but I grew up 
knowing I had to go live and work on 

“It took me three years to get my 
first Broadway role, in Flahooley 
(1951J. and I spent those three years 
auditioning, singing for free in night- 
clubs and then doing a series of 
composer cabarets up in Boston. So I 
guess I always had a cabaret training. 

"Then suddenly, in the Sixties. 

everything 'changed: first of all they 
weren't writing the big-book shows 
any more and secondly 1 was getting 
a lot loo old to play the juveniles. 
Then my marriage [to a drama 
teacher. David LeGrant] broke up 
and 1 found I had to look after myself 
for the first time in my life. L also re- 
alized that I'd never had a real 
education, never done a show that 
wasn't' musical, never really grown 
up at all except on stage." 

There followed, though she sel- 
dom speaks of it now, a lonely and 
very frightening time during which 
for five years Barbara Cook never 
sang a note: in those years she also 
went from nine to 21 stone and back 
down again before rediscovering, in 
1 973. her musical life: 

“That summer they were doing a 
series of George Gershwin concerts 
to mark his seventy-fifth anniversary 
and for the first lime in twenty years 
I began singing as myself rather than 
some character in a plot and l found 
that I absolutely loved it. At that 
time luckily there also started the 
whole renaissance of cabaret in 
America and I met up with my 
concert producer Wally Harper [who 
also wrote "The Ingenue"! and we’ve 
been working together in cabaret and 
on records ever since. Both of us 
come from theatre backgrounds, and 
we seem- to have the same ideas 
about what makes a song work. 

"Getting back to cabaret and 

concert tours was like rediscovering 
myself: once I'd managed to survive 
the divorce and find out who I realty 
was, then I was able to go out on 
stage as myself alone and just sing 
without a cast or a plot or all that 
scenery. The great thing is to keep it 
all simple, and in cabaret you can." 

Bo will she never again go back 
into a Broadway show? "A year ago 
I'd have said definitely not: I thought 
all that was well behind me. But 
then, when we came to record the 
Sondheim Follies for television last 
summer. I suddenly realized how 
much I'd missed being in a book 
show ail those years, and I might do a 
new musical on Broadway next year, 
though that's all I can tell you about 
it except that it has a British director 
— and I've always wanted to work 

with another British director ever 
since Guthrie taught me how to do 
Candide back in 1956. You know we 
used to do that show eight times a 
week? No singers in their right minds 
do it now for more than three or 

But then Miss Cook has never 
been like other singers: what she 
offers, on her latest album. Belter 
With a Band, is a fully-fledged 
dramatic performance of Berlin and 
Bernstein and Coward and Porter 
and such latter-day wri tiers as 
Melissa Manchester and Harry Nils- 
son. She is also one of the very last of 
the "legitimate" Broadway Babes, 
the ones who were rooted in drama 
and grew up in an era when the real 
work in musicals used to be done by 
humans rather than lights or sets. 

John Lambert 

Aldeburgh Parish 

If the afternoon conceit by 
members of the London 
Sinfonietia seemed like a fam- 
ily gathering, that is often the 
way with birthday parties. 
This one honoured John Lam- 
bert, aged 60 next month. 

Lambert is a stimulating 
composer, but clearly bis most 
important work is teaching. 
Several of his former pupils 
appeared here with an appro- 
priate birthday gift: a collec- 
tion of . miniature musical 

"They were written”, an- 
nounced Oliver Knussen, 
prime instigator of this cele- 
bration, “some time between a 
month ago' and yesterday." 
One could well believe that; 


but there were some delicious- 
ly winy epigrams, including 
"Happy Birthday to You”, 
among the contributions by 
Avril Anderson, David Sut- 
ton- Anderson. Mark-Anthony 
Tumage. Gary Carpenter, Si- 
mon Bainbndge, Richard 
Blackford, Javier Alvarez (a 
“Lambertango”) and 

Lambert himself supplied 
more substance in his J976 
First String Quartet, receiving 
its British premiere, and the 
new Second String Quartet. 
The First Quartet begins with 
tiny ostinatos superimposed 
on one another with machine- 
tike inexorability; after a tense 
build-up the texture fragments 
into dislocated squeaks. If this 
represents what the composer 
calls the "spiritual numbness 
of the self-perpetuating ret- 
race" then be possibly intends 
to convey a glimmer of hope 

by restoring the 

There is a similarly cogent 
process evident in the Seoond 
Quartet Three of its four 
phases start wiih all the instru- 
ments united in some aspect 
(articulation, tempo or tessitu- 
ra) but then flaking away; the 
fourth brings the disparate 
dement together again. 

One was struck by how 
expertly Lambert exploits so- 
phisticated string techniques, 
especially glissando harmon- 
ics. and by how self-effacing 
his thematic material is. 

The concert also contained 
his 1967 cantata, Veni Cre- 
ator, which rises from a 
sombre beginning to an ur- 
gent, almost incantation-like 
ddi very of the pentecoslal text 
and an airing of a pithy piece 
from Orpheus Cycle II. 

Richard Morrison 






WIMBLEDON: bring on the girls 





CANT WIN: sets the scene 

the story of for the start 

Annabelle Croft of play 


England under Gatting 

The Maradona menace 


In Vegas with McGuigan 

PLUS: Nigel Mansell in Detroit 


National Gaflery 

In his own style: Patrick Caulfield’s Interior with a Picture (1985) 

Observed correspondences 

The Artist’s Eye: 
Patrick Caulfield 
National Gallery 

The series of shows in which, 
over the last few years, the 
National Gallery has required 
a variety of contemporary 
British artists to raid its icebox 
and bring out a personal feast 
of goodies has turned out to be 
a thoroughly mixed batch. 
Last year’s Artist’s Eye. Fran- 
cis Bacon's, was curious only 
because it was so apparently 
conventional, intriguing only 
because one kept wondering 
what special point of view 
could Bacon have on this, in 
the main, very standard selec- 
tion of acknowledged master- 
pieces. Patrick Caulfield, now, 
gives us something very differ- 
ent the result of not only a 
very detailed and unpreju- 
diced exploration of the Na- 
tional Gallery's basement as 
well as the main galleries, but 
also of a patent determination 
to make a show which hangs 
together interestingly as a 

One of the things Caulfield 
has done is to observe corre- 
spondences between things for 
removed in character, period 
and even location in the 
gallery. Cezanne’s Portrait of 
the Painter’s Father is next to 
Johannes van der Aack's An 
Old Woman Seated Sewing 
because not only are the two 
figures seated racing in the 
same direction and almost in 
the same position relative to 
the frame, but the tiled floor 
under each is virtually identi- 
cal as though' they are in- 
volved in the same scene 
across two centuries. When a 
very famous painting is in- 
cluded. such as Pieter de 
Hoogh’s Courtyard cf a House 
in Deifi. Rubens's Le Chapeau 
de Paille or Chardin’s The 
Young Schoolmistress, one 
feels that it is not as an 
unthinking gesture, but be- 
cause Caulfield really person- 
ally likes it or because it makes 
a point or establishes a rela- 
tionship with something less 

' And it must be said that his 
explorations in the basement 
have come up with some 
obscure delights. They are 
always open to all of us, of 
course, if we care to go down 
the stairs and eschew pre- 
selection, but having them 
picked out and displayed on 
the piano nobile certainly 
makes a difference. How 
many of us have noticed 
before the rescued works by 
Alfred Stevens (the' continen- 
tal society painter, here in a 
rather brooding landscape 
mode, rather than the British 
sculptor), or Diaz, or Philippe 
Rousseau, not to mention the 
charming Man. and a Child 
Eating Crapes, for which they 
can get no closer to an 
attribution than that it may be 

Spanish School or the even 
better White House among 
Trees, which boasts a forged 
Maris signature and no other 
sign of paternity? 

To make the pleasure com- 
plete. the two large new paint- 
ings of Caulfield’s own in the 
lobby to the exhibition proper 
(included, of course, at the 
gallery's request) are among 
his best, and complement the 
rest admirably without over- 
shadowing or being overshad- 
owed A rare achievement 
indeed, and one of the most 
successful yet in this series of 
shows. It is on until August 1 0. 

John Russell 




In From Mod To Man (Radio 
3. Wednesday: producer, Ju- 
lian Brown) Colin Tudgc re- 
ported on some of the 
questions discussed by 
palaeontologists and others at 
a recent symposium, in partic- 
ular, the argument revolved 
around the means by which 
new life forms have emerged 
with, by evolutionary stan- 
dards. astonishing sudden- 
ness. Things jog along in a nice 
even Darwinian manner for 
millions upon millions of 
years, and then, within a mere 
few million more, colossal 
changes come about Sixty- 
five million years ago. for 
instance, that vastly successful 
and enduring race, the dino- 
saurs. rapidly became extinct. 
Explanations proliferate: ac- 
cording to one. a meteorite hit 
the earth and the ensuing dust- 
cloud created a nuclear winter 
that finished the huge crea- 
tures off. 

Perhaps, but there is more 
to be explained for massive 
extinction turns out to be the 
order of the day. Indeed, at 
one time long before the 
dinosaurs it is thought that 95 
percent of the life forms in the 
oceans were extinguished. 
How? Why? And how is it that 
both then and on every other 
occasion, a new cast as it 
were, was wailing in the wings 
to come on as the corpses of 
the old were carried out? The 
scientists, with extraordinary 
ingenuity and persistence, dig 
up and display their data, 
slowly they establish the 
movements of the evolution- 
ary dock. 

I had thought the American 
cowboy was another in the 
line of vanished species, his 
existence rapidly and remorse- 
lessly terminated by barbed 
wire and the internal combus- 
tion engine, but then 1 heard 
Cowboy! (Radio 4, Tuesday; 
producer. John Powell). 1 now 
realize that he is very much 
alive — preserved not out or 
sentiment or out of govern- 
ment subsidy, but because 
caule in the wild American 
West are still better handled 
by men on horseback than by 
any other method so far 
devised. The programme (the 
first of two) was at one level a 
mine of information about the 
cowboy’s life — the daily 
routine that can begin at three 
in the morning, the working 
relationships, the need for 
good, reliable, and expensive 
equipment: it also told us the 
difference between cowboy, 
cowpuncher. and cowpoke — 
die last being the menial 
individual who sits in the 
railway cattle-truck and pokes 
the beasts with a long stick to 
keep them on their feet. 

Most of us at some time 
pretend to be what we are not. 
but mostly it is impromptu, 
thought up in the moment to 
impress or escape censure. 
However, there are some peo- 
ple who substantially invent 
themselves. There was an 
example of the breed in That 
Man Bracken (Radio 3. Fri- 
day: director. Robert Cooper), 
Thomas Kilroy's play on the 
life of the late Brendan. Vis- 
count Bracken. This son of a 
Tipperaray Fenian agitator, 
hid his origins behind a suc- 
cession of fictions and facades, 
rising to be MP. Minister in 
Churchill's wartime Cabinet, 
and Fleet Street proprietor. A 
very rum fish indeed, if Mr 
Kilroy's fascinating portrait 
provided even half a likeness. 
But true to the life or not. the 
quality of the writing and aii 
exceptional, and outsize per- 
formance by Alan Rickman as 
Bracken, made sure that the 
likeness spoke. 

David Wade 

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June 21 - 27, 1986 

A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

A legend in 

his own 

England’s chances of beating Argentina in tomorrow’s 
World Cup quarter-final rest heavily on the shoulders 
of their remarkable goalkeeper. David Miller reveals 
what makes Peter Shilton more than equal to the task 

T ony Maylon and 
Dnimmond Challis 
— director and pro- 
ducer of the Interna- 
tional Football 
Federation's official feature 
film of the World Cup in 
Spain. G'Ole — and now in 
Mexico — have been obliged 
to realign their cameras. They 
were creating the film exclu- 
sively around the play-makers 
and goal scorers: Platini, 
Maradona. Elkjaer. 
Butragueno. Lineker. But, 
when troubled England un pre- 
dictably trounced Poland, 
Maylon and Challis suddenly 
had to include, in their close- 
up scrutiny of the stars of 
1986. a goalkeeper. 

Peter Shilton of England 
established himself, on the 
pitch at Monterrey and on 
Wednesday at the Azteca Sta- 
dium in Mexico City, as a 
goalkeeper unique in the cur- 
rent competition and arguably 
the most accomplished in the 
World Cup’s 56-year history. 
He is to any opposing team 
what Moscow was to Napo- 
leon and Hitler. 

As England prepare to meet, 
in tomorrow's quarter-final 
the challenge of Maradona, an 
Argentinian with extraordi- 
nary acceleration and lethal 
scoring power, Shilton is the 
player who. more than any, 
permits them to face the task 
with equanimity. “He is a 
legend in his own time", 
England's manager Bobby 
Robson says. Shilton is con- 
sidered by many to be superi- 
or even to Gordon Banks, 
whose performance against 
Brazil in the Mexico World 
Cup of 1970 is a milestone in 
memory lane. 

"Banks did not take charge 
of ihe whole penalty area to 
the same extent that Shilton 
does”. Dave Sexton, in Mexi- 
co to study England's oppo- 
nents and to advise Robson, 
says. “His voice and personal- 
ity influence the whole de- 
fence and the midfield as well. 
You can be good between the 
posts. but that is not taking 
charge — which is even more 


1949; Bom Leicester, 
September 18 
1966: First division debut 
for Leicester City aged 16 
1969: Youngest goalkeeper 
(1 9) to appear in a Cup Final 
1970: In original World Cup 
40 before appearing in a f uH 
international. Made 
England debut against East 
Germany the same year 
1973: Established as 
England's regular goalkeeper. 
1974: Transferred to Stoke, 
in the footsteps of Gordon 
Banks, for £340,000, then a 
British record fee and still the 
record for a goalkeeper. 
Replaced by Ray Clemence as 
England's number one 

1977: Joined Nottingham 
Forest for £300.000 
1978: Returned to the 
England squad under Ron 

1979: Helped Nottingham 
Forest to Football League Cup 
and European Cup wins. 

1980: Helped Forest to 
their second European Cup 
1982: Captained England 
for first time against Holland, 
recapturing his position as 
England's permanent 
goalkeeper in time for the 
World Cup. After the World 
Cup transferred to 
Southampton for £250,000 

important than goal keeping in 
the way »l protects the goal." 

Sexton, former manager of 
Chelsea, Queens Park Rangers 
and Manchester United, and 
now the chief coach of the FA 
school at LiileshalL, has been 
watching the finals of the 
World Cup since 1958 when, 
an impecunious forward with 
Brighton and Hove Albion, he 
pitched his tent in Sweden. 
Few, of any nation, know 
more about football and 

“La Manga Club is 
perhaps the most remarkable 
development in all Spain” 

Daly Telegraph 

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And mats only a nrry part of the 
pleasures of La Manga Club. 

It's the two championship g cX courses 
wtKh lure Seve BaKestem batk. 
whenever he can take time off from 
louring as La Manjp Club's professional. 

Anyone for terms' The David Lloyd 
Racquet Centre s one of the tnggest aid 
best equipped n Europe. 

There's the only cnd:et oval m Southern Spam And where ebe could you go 
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A2a»«5 _ 



Phoi&g^pfi ty Cnrts Smim 

.. .. % \ •" : 
V\'5' . ,* j' i 

In his opinion Shilton. 36. 
must be considered ahead of 
the illustrious keepers of the 
past: more agile than Yashin 
of Russia: more authoritative 
than Banks: possessing more 
character than Zoflf of Italy: 
more consistent than Maier of 
West Germany. “I think only 
Gylmar. Brazil's goalkeeper 
when they won in 1958 and 
1962. was Shilton's equal, 
because of his exceptional 
intelligence". Sexton says. 
“And we cannot finally judge 
Shilton until England have 
won something.'* 

Sixteen years ago England's 
manager. Sir Alf Ramsey, sent 
six surplus players home be- 
fore the Mexico finals. One 
was Shilton. The three goal- 
keepers Ramsey retained were 
Banks. Bonetti - who was to 
throw away the quarter-final 
when Banks was taken ill — 
and Stepney. “It was the right 
decision to leave me out”, 
Shilton says, “and 1 benefited 
from that experience." 

A t Wembley three 
years later, the still 
youthful Shilton - 
succeeding Banks, 
who had lost an eye 
in a car crash — let a shot by 
Domarski of Poland pass un- 
der his body and into the neL 
In a memorably drawn match, 
.England were eliminated from 
contention for the 1974 finals, 
and Ramsey lost his job. It is 
the last serious mistake any- 
one can recall Shilton making 
in a major international 

Yet the error was to help 
restrict his career for many of 
the next nine years. Clemence 
of Liverpool usually being 
preferred by Don Revie and 
then Ron Greenwood. Out- 
wardly undismayed. Shilton 
ceaselessly worked at making 
himself the fittest, most thor- 
ough and most conscientious 
goalkeeper he could possible 
become. True, his name was 
occasionally on the wrong 
pages in the popular newspa- 
pers on account of domestic 
indiscretions, and there were 
times, as on the summer tour 
of 1980 to Sofia and Stock- 
holm. when he would cele- 
brate a little excessively. His 
working professionalism, 
however. remained 


“Our other two goalkeepers 
(Bailey and Wood) thought 
they were fit until they en- 
countered Peter, who even at 
his age left them way behind", 
Robson says, as the squad 
relax beside ihe hotel swim- 
ming-pool. “The man's a fit- 
ness maniac." 

To watch Shilton voluntari- 
ly driving himself on. in 
conditions of debilitating 
heaL long after the others have 
gladly drifted off to the show- 
ers. is a lesson in dedication. 

■ Had he not been superceded 
by Gemence during the '70s, 
he would have left both the 
English record of 109 caps, 
held by Bobby Moore, and the 
goalkeeper’s world record — 
Pat Jennings 1 19 appearances 
for Nonhem Ireland - far 
behind. Shilton now stands on 

There was an emotional 
moment, on a training pitch in 
Bilbao during the 1982 World 
Cup. when Greenwood — who 
had vacillated between 
Gemence and Shilton during 
the approach to ihe finals — 
walked over to Shilton and 
told him he was once more 
first choice. 

’That Shilton, be frightens the ball away* — the late Bill Shankly on England's goalkeeper 

“I alternated between ihe 
two". Greenwood says, "be- 
cause I was worried about 
what happened in 1970. when 
Bonetti had had insufficient 
exposure. There was a time, 
loo, when Shilton did not 
command the penalty area 
from behind the way 
Gemence did. But once he 
mastered that he had no 
weaknesses. His. qualities are 
unbelievable. With respect to 
Clemence. Shilton has refined 
the an of goalkeeping. He's at 
least Banks* equal and his 
saves here in Mexico have 
kept the team alive." 

By a twist of circumstances. 
Shilion has become England's 

Shilton in command against 

Paraguay on Wednesday 

third captain during the com- 
petition: uniquely, their third 
in one match when, against 
Morocco. Bryan Robson was 
carried off and Wilkins or- 
dered off. 

“The captaincy had stimu- 
lated him", Robson says. “He 
drives other people. He likes 
training to be properly orga- 
nized. he never lets up. His 
saves in the last two matches, 
which we have won by three 
goals, were more significant 
than anything he had to do in 
the first two matches', which 
we lost and drew. He is by a 
distance the best goalkeeper I 
have ever seen.” Robson's 
experience, as international 
player and manager, spans 
eight World Cups. 

Off the field, Shilton is not a 
demonstrative personality. 
His self-confidence is such 
that he does not need to draw 
attention to himself. It is on 
the field, as Greenwood says, 
that he vents his feelings. He is 
a winner. “Our togetherness is 
a very strong card to play". 
Shilton says. “We began 
building that spirit on tours to 
South America and Mexico 
over the past two summers. I 
thought the group that trav- 
elled to Spain four years ago 
was about as close as you 
could get but if anything this 
lot are even beuer." 

The climatic conditions 
present more difficulty for 
goalkeepers than for outfield 
players. Although a standard- 
ization of balls has meant 
there is less swirling in the air 
than was experienced in 1970. 
the flight and range are as 
substantially altered as al- 

ways. Shilton's masiery of the 
conditions has been equalled 
by no keeper other than 
dassaev. the outstanding Rus- 
sian. who was also in Spain. 

“Because the ball moves 
quicker in the thin air. it 
means that forwards can shoot 
effectively from longer range". 
Shilton says. “This means that 
defences can't drop back as 
much, because a 30-yard shot 
is like a 20-yard shot in 
Europe. The Brazilian full- 
backs showed that against 
Nonhem Ireland. Part of my 
job in shouting and organizing 
is to make sure the defence 
picks up the opposition earli- 
er. But the problems with the 
ball are nothing you can’t 
overcome by practice." 

an of his depend- 
ability comes from 
his strength. At six 
feel and 14 stone, he 
is as wide as the 
proverbial bam door, and 
against Paraguay he was able 
to hold a shot that deviated off 
the uneven pitch which many 
a keeper would have fumbled. 

His concentration is as ex- 
clusive as that of a snooker 
player, wherever the ball may 
be on the pitch. He still can 
not recall an incident during 
Wednesday's match, in which 
Paraguay’s players angrily sur- 
rounded the referee. At the 
time, he was concentrating on 
the free kick'aboul to be taken. 
But he does wish the 
groundsman would gel the 
heavy roller on the rutted 
penalty .areas before tomor- 
row. He wouldn't like 
Maradona to beat him off a 


Wind in their 
sails: Warming up 
for the America’s 
Cup in Western 
Australia page 12 

Arts Diary 


Times Cook 








TV & Radio 




TV films 






Our and About 13 













Eating Out 







Peter Shilton has attracted the 
professional admiration and 
respect of his colleagues. For- 
mer Welsh international Mike 
Walker, who kept goal in more 
than 600 League games for six 
dubs, is a lifelong Shilton 

**He has poshed himself to a 
level of fitness that is beyond 
most of the rest of us. And I'm 
not just talking about physical 
fitness. His mental approach 
is probably the key to bis 
greatness. He thinks he is the 
best on earth." 

Mike Chan non. I TV World 
Cup panellist and former En- 
gland international; 

“Peter's a bit of a moaner 
and a terrible loser. That's 
because he's a perieetkmaist 

and wants things right. He's 
good at bossing players and 
one of the best when it comes 
to shouting and advising his 

Bobby Robson. England 
team manager: 

"He's the best in the world 
because of his stature, his 
presence, his professionalism 
and his appetite for work, 
quite apart from his ability." 

Keith Weller, former En- 
gland midfield player and 
Leicester captain in the 70s: 

"Unless you have either 
played in the same team as 
Peter or watched hfra regular- 
ly, I don't think you can fully 
appreciate just bow great a 
goalkeeper he is. In my book. 

there is none better in the 

Terry" Mancini. former 
Queen’s Park Rangers and 
Republic of Ireland defender 

"He's the man who sells 
dummies to people who are 
trying to score. He’s a 

Alan Hudson, former Stoke 
and England colleague; 

"Peter gives everybody tre- 
mendous confidence, which 
can turn out to be the differ- 
ence between winning and 
finishing second." 

Gordon Jago. former QPR 

"Shilton has the uncanny 
ability to be in the right place 
all the rime. It's not just luck 
either. His positioning is such 

that he creates the opening for 
the opposing forward - and 
then dives to save because, 
really, he's had the gap cov- 
ered all the time. It's what 
great goal keeping is ail 

Gordon Banks. Shilton's 
predecessor as England's most 
capped goalkeeper and his 
mentor at Leicester 

"He'll always be watching 
you. what you're doing, asking 
questions and taking every- 
thing in." 

Brian Gough, manager of 
.Nottingham Forest (on a save 
made by Shiitoo for Forest v 
Birmingham, 77/78): 

“It inspired me. so God 
knows w hat it did for the other 

Only one 
coffee tastes 
as good as 
Nescafe Gold Blend* 


v ”*"1* Ii ' 1 jtn • a^fc^A^jA lS 


nt»iCOOrtlURL>AI JU1NCZ1 1*00 


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■ .* 

■ /■ 
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i _ 

Perth has been on the crest of a wave ever since the 
America's Cup arrived, Shona Crawford Poole writes 

around Matilda Bay 


ft rf | ^* . '• 

» . 

i * 

THotc arc 39 steps up to the 
i.up. It was ItJ minutes to 
l.mxlcing-ufr ume for Ham 
Murn ». one of the Royal Perth 
Vachl C lub's three part-time 
America's Cup attendants, 
and his day had been an 
average one. 

He hau yu ided a rouli ne 300 
\ rsiiurs upstairs tu the com- 
nsillee mom where the cup — 
as lavish a siher owrsiate- 
mei'l as a Victorian ballgown 
— stands behind plate glass 
against a had. ground of red 
sued elle. Harry Harris's feel 
had counted those stairs and if 
I did not mind going up there 
without him he would stay in 
Ins chair by the door. 

In colour on ;iic wall. Alan 
Rond, ihe man whose Iftumph 
over tiie New York Yacht 
l lub and with n the rest of the 
world was celebrated by the 
whole of Ausirahj. beams 
i\iih witorious triumph. The 
xeeiii. the smile, the Jan. all 
badges of a iVS'is winner. 
Hanking the xbuilicnt Bond. 
Irrmal in fading black and 
white, elegant hulls with 
lljn nulled crews clip through 
the waves of long forgotten 

Out on the late afternoon 
sparkle of Mali Ida Bay. boats 
tugged at lileir week da;- moor- 
ing v metal shrouds and hal- 
yards shrilling in the breeze. A 
truant few puffed up their 
spmrtjkers and raceo for a 
c:s!;-,.il marker. There Ere 
always sails to be seen here on 
the proleeled waters o!' the 

>w;m River. 

This ts the view from the 
office lowers of Perth's busi- 
ness div.nvi. a Inter- tree city 
idyll ofhigh-rise new and low- 
rise old. reprieved and re- 
stored and partijlly 
pedesiiiani/ed. The girls ioss 
curls i ha i ntighi have been cut 
in Rome, wear trocl.s that 
vould be tine in Bond Street, 
ill'll I'rder designer salads for 
lunch, the men look. well. 

Australian and drink good 
Ivcr. No one stops to listen to 
the haunting, throaty pipe of a 
didgeridou played by a skinny 
aboriginal hoy. 

Inninuitw is the knee jerk 
word in cooking circles. The 
v erb /«» ttnui/t • rulers to bath- 
room alterations, the tic fac/o 
ivltuiimhip\ of social statisr 
lies refer to shack-ups. -and 
litcMv/c refers to everything 
from kitchens to aspirations. 

People pursue their dreams 
mure energetically, or perhaps 
more openly in Western Aus- 
tralia than' in other places. 
They change their houses 

often, creating a properly mar- 
ket that is large lor the state's 
mie and a half million popula- 
tion — two thirds of it in Perth. 
They ehanse partners often 
loo Of every live children in 

Since the win, 
money has poured 
into Freemantle 

primary schools, three are said 
to go home to a single parent. 
Another often repeated asser- 
tion is that Perth's rape rate is 
the highest in Australia, quite 
in contradiction to the feel of 
the place, which is safe, not to 
say dull. .. • . 

As often as not Western 
Australians turn out to be 
Jersey men or South Africans. 
L i hhJu'u.ts. or from Yorkshire 
i-r Wey bridge. And whether 

they had arrived two or 20 
years or more ago. the idea of 
moving on is a cherished 
possibility. They are slow io 
trade in their nationality. 

Despite all the affordable 
dream homes with pools and 
entertaining areas, jarra wood 
liivury kitchens, turbo spas, 
games rooms, and gardens 
plumbed to water themselves, 
despite high employment lev- 
els and one of the most 

agavab!e-~eKmat»-- in jhc 
world, there is a grudging case 
of mind which casts long 
shadows over human relation- 
ships and any but the most 
universal of material dreams. 

Success is acceptable as long 
as the successful ones do not 
overstem an invisible bound- 
ary of ordinariness. Making 
money is very OK. Moving on 
socially, culturally or imellec- 
tuaJIv is suspect. They call it 
cutting down the tall poppies. 

Between Perth and its port 
Fremantle at the mouth of the 
Swan, the river is flanked all 
the way by bungalowcd sub- 
urbs. Ore the north shore arc 
Claremont which has the best 
out-of-town shopping. 
Subiaco. a place to buy books 
or antiques. Coitcsloc.' a good 
address. The south shore road 
runs through Applccross. Al- 
fred Cove. Bicton and 

Fremantle is where the sail- 
ing action is. The America's 
Cup races begin in October 
with the Australian 12-metre 
yachts racing each other for 
the honour of defending the 
cup. Simultaneously, the rest 
of the world will be competing 
to put up a challenger. The 
final races between a single 
.Australian defender and the 
best of the rest will be held 
Jrprft February 5 to 27. 1987. 

When- Alan "Bond brought 
iheeu'p'back to an incredulous 
West Australia three years 
ago. Fremantle was dozing in 

the sun. In the docks the sheep 
ships which look like skeleton 
muhi-storcy car parks were 
doing regular business in live 
meat for the Middle East. Freo 
Markets, held every weekend 
in a turn-of-ihe-century mar- 
ket building behind terraced 
cottages for pensioner warders 
from the prison, were already 
offering ' salt-free - sausages, 
hand-painted T-shirts, bric-a- 
brac and fancy boomerangs. 

<? .i 


British Airways (01 -897 
4000) has four flights a week ■ 
directly to Perth, from £355 
one-way economy excursion to 
£3,862 first-class return. 

The low season excursion 
return, covering February 
next year, is £/47. 

Jetset T ours, 64-76 New 
Oxford Street, London WC1 
(01-631 0501) offers 

Across the street the Sail 
and Anchor was keeping up 
with demand for its famous 
beers: Dogbohcr. Brass Mon- 
key stout and Matilda Bav 

Since the win. money has 
poured into the town. Six- 
figure sums arc the only ones 
— rock lobsters from up the 
coast dhufish. gummy shark 
. anvone notices. The town has 
changed and of course not 

j J jj l jh'.^i 
r .] i r A m l M 


ig r^iP 

■ //Si jfffj/ 
j ■ v>/ri to • 1 ft- 

As a 73sior to Aiffitiaaa, you'll be amazed at just 
-C‘~ saT £100 wiS taks ycu to the traders Down 
Unflsr. Tiere are Siteiaily huadreds of special 
spa iyasgaiins, here are just a few: 

b ^ s Australia’s dues on British Airways' 

* 'Round Australia” excursion fare for only £100 and 
visi: up to Svte of them. 

-i -j ircund Australia with Ansett, TAA or East 
Tiest Airline:- on 30° o discount fares i sometimes up to 40%). 
.About CL 1 ? will lake you from Sydney to Alice Springs 
- ab »u; the same distance from London to Moscow! 

” i * ^ 

IJJ by car or ccnpervan. £100 will asve you a small 
car :or wetu a. 'veek with unlimited mileage. And petrol 
-•j/ti i.bcu* :ii!f the price you pay in Britain. 

Cl - - m 

, “ r 

| — '.u «J LijJj \v:ihan “Austrailpass”. 14 days 

I uniL-rdied travel on interstate rail and most suburban 
: route*, cost-; £ 140 or so - a bit mors than the £100 but 
; y.-i: cun iravel hags distances in great comfort - not bad 
! for filO a day! 

j —i- — T 3*1 on one of ths terse nariona! networks. 

, A 1? cay coach pass v-i»h uni united travel with FREE 
1 sia’r.'.yeeiiva cc.VlS from u round Z\\2. 

*- 'r. the spacious comibn of an hotel or motel. 

■ - 1 cou- j p-.-r you a double reem for two nights in a 5 star 
h.?:. 1 ! :r. e rx- o:' the ^rcai Australian cities, or a week in an 
! a.r ccnditione J epuntry mote! with full facilities and 
| per-.^pr a "cl! to col! off in! 

j .-T- . :ha ceupor. right’ awsyt— ' The Australia 
j Travelers Guide ho> Jul! details of these and many more 
i ore.:.' i' i'aaiiir.. ii is essenrial reading for the traveller 
i v: : .;h C a hi- mini and adventure in his heart. 

j ^ar. « - Zri-.Vn .Airways wide bodied 747’s with 
I :r,: r.La. - drird:> and in-f!:aht entertainment. Never a 
du-! rrj -.ran:. Tv only direct lligltts a week fly you there 
:r. i r-r; th_r. ^ dav from on.v £747 return. 

L ■ i itl ;.i r ;r li j.iJ rijpcin. 

. ,, J 

* ' 


iar. Tourist Commission, Di st. D ept., 
?a.-S; Farm Road, Folkestone, Kent CT19 5DZ. 

'•end m.‘ ilu FREE i!6-page colour, fact packed 
viv -aliens Gataa to Australia. 



- .1 cl 

, . 7 ri J c=3j , ,3RPB^ J RH 

/ . 

Visiting friends or relatives in 




★ British Airways -jc Singapore Airlines ★ Gantas 
★ Air New Zealand — Af flight only prkes, 


★" FREE Guaranteed Discount Guide & Cord saving £££'s in 
, oyer 300 locations for sheppino, restaurants, nightlife. & tourist • 
o”ractions throughout Australia, New Zealand & in many 
stopover cities. 

★ FREE U.K. holiday accommodation break ot over ! 00 hotels 
. . - you ;(■•! ::y ‘o : me med::. 

' ★ ERIE in-flight benefits. 

' - ★ 1st CLASS return rail ticker to departure oirport 
• for. only £15. - • _ 

•Si.- For a copy of our broshure phone 


or call in to any Exchange Travel 
branch or see your local ABTA 
travel agent 

. Tnt'olt erd kiy y>ov I: a»<; :3S3. 


4 ciWuHUi :«yrL«i .«) 


Fly there from only £369 ow £558 rtn 

Ask for our sp«yal brochure Tefc 01-581 1022, HD 
Quality airfines-scheduled flights 
74 Oki Brampton Road, London SW7 
117 Huston Road, London NW1 
25 Queens Road, Bristol 

Nal for Independent fouthTtevel UteWMMefS 

Its always been easy to 
find cheap fli g hts to Australia 
& New Zealand. 

No one knows Australia and New Zealand better than 
we do. Not onlv are we Australian, were also backed bv 
Australia's hijj:est and longest est.iWishni rour operator. 

As j result, wx-’re in a position to otter vou the best 
scheduled tlijits. on nanonal airlines such as Qantas, Air 
New and Bn rish Airwavs. And at the low »t possible 
prieo - from £555 return to Ausrralu tor example. 

On top ot that, nebodv can eive you l*eittT value on 
hotels and tours between here and Jown under. In tact some 
of our stopovers - such as a niiiht in a top hotel in Singapore 
cow as little as £8. 

And well look after you a> if vou were fKnw tirst-class 
all Hi e wax (even when vuure* travelhnc bv tram ww can 
jnaniSk' tiMvEi* return fares anvwhere in Bntain tor only 
£12). \XeTI also look after vou with up toS weeks insurance - 
aijiin, Im and with our compliments, (plus a tree cabin bqp 
.mil £5 Jury tax' voucher). In shorr, no one can come close 
to us ti tr value iff <erx we. 

To prove it. l ,i I ] ii- Jirxr. Then call any other travel 

Until now the problem was 
finding the best all round deaL . 

V V V 

VViiiiotif beilsig^wul the bi:vh plene seinl medetiulsof >oui trips Down 

U r '*te* nch; jwi^j 


. Aii-3resj_ 
. PctfCOd-? . 

®Fjci-:tiiTJr(>aLKn C-l iiouri f! "lofi Rew5«ji<n,«i3«ficuii«x01 aii? ?i!5 
F'j'J lu Hfron Tijlih Me, um Fjmi. UNhn fJtKl |HQ 




’ for 14 nights, with 
accommodation, car hire 
and BA direct flights. I stayed 
at the Ansett International 
HoteJ, 10 Irwin Street Perth 
(010 619 325 0431) with 
double room from £55 a night 
Contact the Western 
Australian Tourism 
Commission, 115 The 
Strand, London WC2 (01-240 
2881} for Information. 

everybody thinks for the bet- 
ter. If there is a single Victori- 
an building that is not being 
given a facc-lift I did not spot 
iu There is. so much fresh 
paint about you can hardly 
smell the sea. 

The weekend crowd on the 
waterfront has come to spot 
\achts and sample the seafood 
and chips. Across the harbour 
from the terrace of 
Lombardo's, a multi-million 

Boom boom: yachts in Freemantle bar bo nr and (above left) skyline of downtown Perth 

dollar restaurant complex, the ’ 
hull of the Yacht Club 
haliano’s boat is laced secre- 
tively into scarlet covers. The 
prow of South Australia, the 
boat next door, peeps over 
blue canvas screens. 

Out on the water these 
wind- powered racing ma- 
ch i nes hold paei ng trials 
round offshore markers — 
sleek fast yachts followed ev- 
ervwherc by their tenders. 

minder boats that earn' extra 
sails, lunch boxes and provide 
the power to get safely in and 
out of harbour. 

Tuning the boats, training- 
their crews and learning to 
make the most of local condi- 
tions takes months of solid 
work. It cannot all be fun but 
hearing Harold Cudmorc. 
skipper of England's Crusader 
Challenger, propose a particu- 
lar run to his pacing partner 

with the words “it might make 
good sport" brought the point 

of the exercise back into focus. 

While cement mixers churn 
out the developments that the 
monev men hope will put 
Western Australia on the in- 
ternational map. the yachts- 
men are labouring to ensure 
that thev will still be in town 
lor the final races next year. 

The place is burring now. 

Square deal to swing a golf club 

If there is today some comer 
of a foreign field that is forever 
England, it is probably the 
roof of the golf clubhouse at 
La Manga, on the Costa 
CaJida. A former Guards di- 
rector of music, binoculars 
trained on the 36 holes before 
him, stands there, directing 
his two course marshals in 
their electric buggies to the 
scene of any golfing pile-ups. 

All three are Englishmen 
who have bought villas at La 
Manga and spend their retire- 
ment seeing that golfers get a 
square deal. It will still take 
you four hours or more to play 
either course, and you m3y 
not be able to choose what 
time you tee off. but you will 
always be sure of a game. 

Too many golfing holidays 
are ruined by owners greedy 
for green fees and unwilling to 
refuse admission to any self- 
styled player, however hope- 
less. To play the 

championship South course at 
La Manga you must have a 
handicap of 21 or under and 
from October a certified 
handicap will also be required 
for the Nonh course. Thanks 
to measures such as these, 
there has been no need to 
ration overburdened tees by 
purse, as other operators have 
been forced to do: the current 
green fee is £15 to outsiders 
and £7.50 to guests staying in 
the club. On a busy day. about 
450 games are played. To 
ensure that demand docs not 
outstrip capacity in the future, 
a new par-three course is to be 
opened later this year, and 
from October outside visitors 
will no longer be admitted. 

Perhaps the only pity of the 
La Manga system is that the 
better players naturally play 
mostly on the championship 
course (6.855 yards), which is 
fine for gorillas but much less 
fun than the fascinating 
shorter North course (6.455 

yards), where every hole 
makes some cerebral demand. 

The club was set up in the 
early 1970s as La Manga 
Campo de Golf, and taken 
over in 1980 by European 
Femes, who own and manage 
iL While it will always be 
primarily a golfing complex. . 
European ’Ferries are diversi- 
fying; there is the David Lloyd 
Racquet Centre, with 18 
courts: a riding centre: beach 
dubs with wind-surfing and 
waier-skiing. and a cricket 
ground. This year they are 

adding croquet and bowling 

As the activities expand so 
does the number of villas. 
Their sales arc the company's 
life-blood - at £50.000 for a 
one- bed roomed place to more 
than million for the most 
luxurious villa. At present the 
■resort has 500 properties. In 
four years' time there will be 
1000. spread over a scries of 
villages linked by the common 
sporting facilities. 

John Grant 


Details from La Manga 
Club, Silver City House, 62 
Brampton Road. London 
SW3 (01-225 041 1) and travel 
agents. A single room costs 
from £1 82-£242 per week, 
double rooms £242-£362. 
Green fees: seven days, 
residents. £36: golf car (one 
round) £18; trolley hire £1. 


PEHTH return from £629 


01-242 5555 

15/17 New Oxford St. London WC1 
Branches in Syflney 8r llidh ourn* j 


Basra, oma o«a 7 ours 

1 0272) Z774Z3 

I Dwt-T.7 ta^Uae. BahoL Orl 
I LMdM ei 9M47S1.&Z HrrtrigBr 


cw. nwd tpr»z In M 

— ~ 





For 3 holiday far 3»-ay from di* 
everyday, let Thomas Cook show ■ 
VOU SJghrx thar havr drawn travellers 
m Egypt sure those first eark'daysof 
dtewery Marvrl at the mvstenous ■ 
Sphinx, the Valley of the Kings and 
the Tomb of 
or cruse on the 
majestic Nile past (he temple of j 
_ Kamakand Lrnor to Aswan. Fur ' 

. our wide range of rune to twenty 
day, fully escorted holidays, just i 
telephone 01-629 0999, or pop ' j 
into any Thomas Cook or Frames .1 
Travel branch, i 

j'a. m.‘\. j 

Far lafbmumn jboai 


Oar Australia is more than jnst a flying visit 

Mara Pnoctr. Mwi\ TraJoayv Xmt> N.T. . Aatiaes of Sou* Manta. Antra WA. Aram Hotels A Haora. Air 14SW_ 
IWjnaMn Arlmcs. Mi Vanuatu 
ow a*k range of nvd options pan the coupon or nr* m on 01-434 4071. 

Antttl. 20 Sttikr Ban. London WIX 2AN. 

Just two miles 
separate Messina from 
the European motorway network 
(see photo). 

TTte Straits of Messina. Every 
1 5 minutes a lerry leaves Villa 
S. Giovanni (Calabria) tor 
Messina (SIcHy), where you 
can join the motorway again. 
And then you can start 
Uncovering Sicily: its Greek 
lam pies and Roman cata- 
combs, its Arab and Norman 
architecture and Byzantine 
mosaics - all fringed by beach- 
es of white staid and an azure 
sea (the swimming season 
tests Ofl the end o! November) 
and speed by SjcH/s aroma- 
tic cuisine. This is the panv«ta 

that waits you at the end of 
an unforgettable journey. 

toC^iteatoftSemxj 11 ^^ 
ly programmed by afl leading 
tour Operators. Please contact 
your travel agency. 

For further intonation 

amt a mad map of Spy, contact- 

Satan Sate Touris Office (F H IT) 

1, PmcajsStraa 

lotion WTR BAY 

Stty has bsuraccsw than any other • 
Itaomranesi stand to N Eumpoai motatmy 
nctrok. terries plyng the 2-m to rad c Meara 
8 S. Gwam every 15 denies- 


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A./ * - 


trips for 
the young 


There are special deals for 
younger travellers this sum- 
mer. Local authorities in Den- 
mark are offering free accom- 
modation to young people 
between 14 and 26 from June 
22 —July 6. The only require- 
ment is that they should bring 
their own -sleeping, bag, and 
they can stay up to three 
nights in each place. The 
accommodation is in private 
homes andfenns, schools and 
youth hostels, and informa- 
tion is available at local tourist 
offices and railway stations. 

Eurotrain is holding its 
1 98S prices till the end of June 
with reductions of up to 50per 
cent off normal fares-to young 
people under 26. Information: 
01-730 3402. 

Olympic Holidays has a 
programme of island-hopping 
holidays in Greece. Accora-% 
modation is in “basic** villi 
rooms and prices start at £i< 
Freestyle Holidays still has 
plenty of availability on the 
islands of Corfu, Rhodes and 
Zakymhos, with prices from 
£ 1 95 for one week. 

Chinese cracker 

An unusual 25-day tour to 
China is being operated by 
Sererissima Travel in August 
The tear, priced at £3,650, witt 
journey into parts of China 
which are stiO rarely visited by 
Western travellers, including 
Koko Nor, the country’s larg- 
est lake. Information: 01-730 

Sunny season 

Tough competition between 
airlines on the London-Miami 
route has produced more price 
cuts on inclusixe holidays to 
Florida. Richard Branson’s 
Virgin Holidays is offering 
holidays at low-season rates 
for the rest of June and 
throughout July, with the price 
of a typical two-week holiday 
in Sunny Isles. Miami coming 
down by £200 to £349. 

City lights 

Budget-pries breaks to six 
cities in Spain and Morocco 
are being, operated until the 
end of July by Enterprise 
Holidays, with prices starting 
at £99 for two nights' bed and 
breakfast in Madrid, Barcelo- 
na and Bilbao or for three 
nights in Tangier. Breaks are 
also available in Valencia and 
Casablanca and all flights are 
on BA scheduled services. 

Philip Ray 



Turvifle Valley 
4 miles 

The Tnnrille Valley lies a 
miles north-west of 
Marlow-on-Thames in the 
Chiltern Hills. Although this 
is a short circular walk, allow 
a full half-day because the 
valley sides are steep, the 
landscape beautiful, the 
views compelling and the 
villages well worth 

The walk begins opposite 
the Church of St-Mary-ie- 
Moor in Cadmore End, from 
where a bridleway leads 
down into the valley through 
Hangar Wood, where deer 
can often be seen, and out of 
the trees. There is a fine view 

of the village of Hugest and 
the Turville windmill on the 
right. The Norman chnrcfa of 
St Bartholomew at Fiugest, 
with its curious twin-roofed 
tower, is wed worth inspec- 
tion. as is the Chequers pub 
just across the road. 

Leave Hugest by the nar- 
row footpath, which nms 
beside a flints tone wall to- 
wards the far side of the 

valley, past the riding stables 
into (he beantifnl village of 
Tnrville with its half-tim- 
bered bouses and yet another 
fine church, St Mary's, and a 
good country pub, the Bull 
and Butcher. The beech- 
woods hereabouts are always 
glorious and carpeted with 
bluebells in the late spring. 

The footpath back to 
Cadmore End leads off from 
the village green, directly up 
the steep valley side towards 
Tnrville valley and the vil- 
lages far below. The footpath 
is wall marked and easy to 
follow up a narrow road for a 
short distance and then 
across a country lane, along 
a footpath at the top of 
Hangar Wood and so back to 
Cadmore End. 

Rob NeiUands 

Close to perfection: Penshurst Place resembles a manor house crossed with a castle and a church, set in enchanting gardens of topiary and Ifly-ponds 

Archetype of Arcadian splendour 

From every point of view, 
Penshurst Place is a cracker — 
a house with something fqr 
everyone and a heady, exhila- 
rating experience. The place is 
bursting with history and at- 
mosphere. It has been contin- 
uously occupied by the Sidney 
family since 1552, and by 
others for .200 years before 

The roH-call of names asso- 
ciated with Penshurst reads 
like a condensed history of 
England and of much of 
English literature. “The God- 
like. Sidney?* Sir Philip, poet, 
courtier and soldier, was bom 
here though he was only in 
possession for a few months. 
One Sidney was beheaded by 
Henry VIII. another by 
Charles IL They were always 
in the thick of things. They 
still are: Lord de L’Isle, the 
present owner, won the VC 
and was Governor-General of 
Australia. Now he says of 
himselfi “I am the greengro- 
cer. I live over my shop." 

And it is quite a shop. 
Sprawling, stone-built, embat- 
tled, the exterior has the look 
of a manor bouse crossed with 
a castle and a church. Much of 
it -is quite awesomely old. as 

you realize as soon as you 
enter the house and are imme- 
diately engulfed in the aston- 
ishing Barons* Hall — an 
immense space, roofed with 
massive beams of chestnut 
rising to 60 feet above your 

At one end is a minstrel’s 
gallery, at the other a dais, the 
middle of the floor an octago- 
nal hearth — completely open 
— from which the smoke was 
expected to escape through 
louvres in the roof It dates 
from about 1340. and was 
built so solidly that it needed 
no major repairs until 1910. 

There is nothing quite so 
old or breathtaking elsewhere. 
The chief impressions are of 
air and light and an intimidat- 
ing proportion — unusual in so 
grand a building. 

Architecturally Penshurst 
represents five centuries of 
organic growth. But that is 
only one element of the long 
continuity that has given the 
house its Arcadian atmo- 
sphere. It can perhaps be felt 
at its strongest in the gardens. 

Geometrically cut. yew 
hedges enclose a succession of 
fascinating spaces accessible 
only through little openings in 

the topiary: it's rather like a 
giant maze but designed to 
enchant rather than bewilder. 
There are all manner of pools 

Sign language: Leicester Arms 

with water-lilies and goldfish. 
There are apple trees trained 
into elegant drooping shapes, 
magnolias and Kentish cobs. 
Later in the year the herba- 
ceous borders and roses will 
assuredly be spectacular. 

When I visited, there were 
children loudly enjoying the 
garden and some even deriv- 
ing, pleasure from touring the 
house. Others had gravitated 

to the Toy Museum, which 
has a quite fascinating collec- 
tion including some family 
paintings. 1 was very struck by 
a big coin-in-the-slot drinking 
bear, whose red eyes light up 
as he pours himself a stiff one 
and knocks it back. 

But most of the children 
had discovered the Venture 
Playground, an area of rope- 
walks. swings and slides con- 
ceived on a truly baronial 
scale. Young England was 
studiously ignoring the Coun- 
tryside Display in Sussex 
Barn. I looked it over and 
headed out into the woods, 
following the Nature Trail. 

Lord de L’lsle lives with his 
family in the North Wing. He 
runs the house and garden asa 
self-financing unit indepen- 
dent of the Penshurst Estate, 
and will not even accept 
government grants for repairs. 
It sounds like a high-risk 
approach, but he has a good 
business bead: he is, in feci, a 
qualified chartered 

. The village of Penshurst 
looks like a picture-postcard, 
compact and set amid fields. 
By the gate to Penshurst Place 
is The original “Leicester 

Square”: a pretty ensemble of 
old buildings delightfully un- 
der-restored. This leads to the 
fine church with its curious 
four-pinnacled lower. Inside 
the church is a goodly collec- 
tion of Sidney monuments. 

There are two tea-rooms. 
Hr Tree House and Quaint 
Ways, and a splendid pub. 
Even the garage, owned by 
Viscount de L’Isle himself is 
extraordinarily pretty. 

The railway station is some 
two miles from the house. In 
suitable weather it's a pleasant 
walk and you can fortify 
yourself at the station end in 
the Little Brown Jug pub and 
restaurant. As a place to visit. 
Penshurst must be reckoned 
little short of perfection. 

Nigel Andrew 

Penshurst Place, 

Tonbridge, Kent is open every 
afternoon (except 
Mondays) until October 5. It is 
open Bank Holiday 
Monday. Grounds 12.30-Spm; 
house 1-5 .30pm. Light 
meals and tea available at the 
Endeavour Restaurant All- 
inclusive tickets £2.50. 


Many well-known nurseries 
will be represented as well as 
expert lecturers from the 
Chelsea Physic Garden and 
the Tradescant Trust- 
Gardener's Question Time 
today at 11.15am. 

Hatfield House, 

Hertfordshire (30 62823). 
Today lOam-Spm, 
tomorrow 10am -5pm. Adult 
£2^0. child £2. Dressage: 
adult £1.40, child £1.10. 

REGATTA: Members of the 
public invited to bring their 
own model electric, clockwork, 
steam or sailing boats (no 
petrol-driven boats) to the 
museum's boating pond. 

The London Toy & Model 
Museum, 23 Craven Hill, 
London W2 (01-262 7905). 
Tomorrow, 2-5pm. Adult £1 B0, 
child 5-15 60p, under 5s 

FAIR: More than 50 or more 
stalls selling craft and other 
produce, fairground stalls, 
rides for children, concerts 
by the Bands of the Royal 

jnq the 
ie field! 



Retreat and the field gun in 
HMS Drake. Devon port 
Plymouth, Devon (0752 
555525). Today, 1.15- 
5.15pm; adult 50p, child 30p. 

Numerous events, exhibitions 
and displays include terrier 
racing today, a heavy horse 
competition tomorrow. 

Arena events include the White 

Helmets, aerobatics, 

Papuan band from New 
Guinea, Kings Troop Royal 
Horse Artillery, Queen's Colour 

Putney Lower Common, 
London SW15 (further 
information 01-871 6362). 
Today, tomorrow, noorwpm. 
Arena events from ipm. 
Admission free. 

Opportunity for families to visit 
locations of special Interest 
in company with members of 
the Museum of Wales's 
staff, to look at flora and fauna, 
fossils, minerals, local 
history or industrial remains. 
Offa's Dyke Centre, 

Knighton, Powys (further 
information 0222 397951)- 
Tomorrow, from 2pm. 

Displays of some of the most 
remarkable discoveries 
made by Stan Wood - fossil 
hunter and collector 
extraordinary. Highlights 
include the world s oldest 
complete fuHy land-going 
amphibian, the world's 
oldest harvestman spider and 
a reconstruction of the 
25m long "amphibian 
crocodile found near 
Cowdenbeath. Two five 
demonstrations of fossil 
hunting and preparation 
techniques by Mr Wood — 
today 1 lam-1 pm, 2-4pm and at 
the same times on July 19. 
Natural History Museum, 
Cromwell Road, London SW7 
(01 -589 6323). Today urrtf 
Aug 3, Mon-Sat I0am-6pm, 

Sun 230-6pm. Free. 

Judy Frosfaaug 

BeThere For Less. 

£25 OFF 

Holidays In Ireland! 

Now you can be there for even less. Four top operators are now offering £25 per adult 
off a selection of holiday packages in Ireland. Which means bigger savings on family 
breaks. Remember children travel free or at large discounts on certain holidays. 

Holiday offers include: 

Aer Lingus Budget Motoring, Tara Luxury Touring and Farmhouse holidays. 

B-H ‘Selection of Ireland's Best Hotels’ Motoring holidays. 

CIE ‘Leisurely Ireland* Coach lour and Horse-drawn Caravan holiday (by air). 

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ftir details of these and many other amazing value holidays in Ireland, see your travel 
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You'll Only Know By Being There 



Choice of oar 150 hotels within 
easy tfc-hriog distance of Calais and 

WttbyotnUcketa.youH be given a 
fist part, 

fur the area 

Pikes, fnxn around £51 p-pu 
Include hold accommodation and 
breakfast. and return hovercraft cross- 
ing with car from Dorer (assuming 4 
adults in party]. 

For a brochure see your tread 
agent or phone 101 ) 554 706 1. 

((walking in eubope 

Lyoan Turkey, Greece Pindoa 

Spain Sierra Nevada. 

StS a fen places in sum of ow enafc- 
ng belts Uus summer. 15-16 Dm 
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Adventures fro m 

100 Wadsworth Hreh S treat, 
Loadoa SW184LE. 

TM* 01 -070 01 BlOtere) 


50, Avenue Felix Faure 
75015 PARIS - 
Tel 010 33 1 45 5497 27 
Telex: 042000 - 203174 

You- hosts: Mr and Mrs. 

41 rooms with bat hr ooms. 

Dogs afiowed. 

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From only £695 

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This fentasticprice indudesall 
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This price is available on aU 

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July 29, August 16,27, 
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15 RIGHTS El 490 17 UTS Cl 570 

tnebdes return BA flights, anport-to-hoiel 
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Tel: 010 331 432*4441 
V try charming, ckgatu heut P*t (k 2! 
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T2ses.*sss» Pric e: £9 - 9s each. 

lop for sports and leisure activities. Hie 
design, crew-neck with deep raglan sleeves 
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a useful multi-purpose garment dial offers a 
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Alt prices are inclusive of post and paddng. 

tf you are not satisfied The Times will refund your 

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addresses in the UK. 

Please allow up to2I days for delivery. 

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Hatching an 
unruly plot 

Francesca Greenoak weeds out 
the problems with wild gardens 

- This week I am going to mow 
my meadow. I am going to 
mow it out of existence and 

, return this little patch of tall 
grasses, dog daisy, primroses 
and buttercups to parity with 
the rest of the lawn. It will be a 
sad wrench but I made a 
mistake in encouraging a 
sc mi -wild meadow area grow- 
ing up to espalier apples which 
are an intriskally artificial 
form, and call for mown grass 
around them. It is all too easy 
to go wrong with making a 
wild garden. 

I have always found wild 
plants irresistible. In my first 
gardens. 1 would have nothing 

- but wild things. I loved those 
unruly plots dearly, but came 
to realize that some plants, 
such as the scrambling yellow 
herb ben net or sprawling blad- 
der campion, though charm- 
ing in their wild habitats win 
never really look good in a 
small garden. 

The best route to success 
with wild flowers is to look 
carefully at plants in the wild 
and to plan according io what 
you see. relating your garden 
u> various natural habitats. 
You don't need a great deal of 
space; I once had a successful 
mini-meadow with meadow 
saxifrage and snakeshead frit- 
illaries which was only the size 
of a single bed. 

Garden meadows look best 
backed up to a hedge ora wall. 
In them you can grow a 
succession of flowers from 
snowdrops, wild daffodils 
(which look infinitely better in 
grass than the garden cu In- 
vars) dainty silver-pink lady's 
smocks, cowslips, buttercups 

Rich pickings 

A certain amount of 
thinning of fruit and vegetables 
is necessary around itmC- 
sumnw. it semis a shame to 
waste the thinnings 1 -* they can 
be treated as a very early crop. 

Vegetables that are 
usually eaten cooked such as 

Modem gear 
for the 
action pack 

The sun’s out and sport’s in for the 

discovers some practical ideas that can 

help turn you into an instant expert 

Holiday equipment is no long- 
er based on the idea of 
interludes of sunfaL or possi- 
bly sinful, sloth. The smart 
my to nest from your la boors 
these days Is to spend more 
energy on a “special interest” 
break. Action man — or wom- 
an — has never had it so good. 

The pursuit of health has 
made the idea of leisurely dips 
in a warm sea seem positively 
decadent. There are now holi- 
days designed for every sport 
from airsports to windsurfing 
and ponytrekking to potholing 
and to complement the activity 
boom there is a rash of 
products designed to make 
anyone an instant expert Here 
is a selection of ideas few the 
most popular sporting 


The true Wild Golden Yellow 
sweet fragrant British CmraEp, 
grown from seed, enjoy these 
w o n derfu l primulas in year own 
garden and help to preserve oar 
wild fhnwnr heritage. CJLHender- 
son & Son are now booking orders 
tor ddrawy post paid in June, 12 
plants £4.50. 24 plants £JL50, 50 
plants £17.50, 100 plants £3440. 
We w3J be phased to quote the 
nursery trade and for large 
planting pr ogr amm es. We can 
forward,' post free our list of wild 
, Oower seeds and plants. 

Leydens Nursery. 

8 tick Hill, Cowden Road, 
Edenbridge, Kent TN8 5NB. 
Customers able to visit our 
nursery. wilt normally find that 
they are abh to purchase at lower 
prices for collection. 


■ Clare Roberts 

and clover. This takes you 
into early July, when I would 
recommend mowing a small 
garden meadow. 

if you have lots of space you 
could entertain the larger sum- 
mer plants such as the purple 
vetches, the pretty yellow 
meadow veichling. meadow 
cranesbill (make sure it's the 
wild kind which is a glorous 
deep sky blue, not a garden 
variety) and even knapweed. 

A shaded area undera hedge 
or beneath trees serves as a 
woodland-edge habitat. It can 
be planted with bluebell and 
the beautiful wood anemone 
with its white petals tinged 
pink a fern perhaps, periwin- 
kle and the delightful low- 
growing moschatel known as 
town-ball clock because of its 
queerty box shaped 
flowerheads. Semi-woodland 
plants also look well by shady 
walls. This year. 1 have a 
colourful show of red campion 
brightening up a previously 
dreary north wall which it 
shares with bluebell, hedge 
garlic and fragrant dame’s 

Other habitats which de- 
serve serious consideration 
are a marshy area and a pond. 
Here the yellows of marsh 
marigold and wild flag and the 
splendid spires of purple 
loosestrife will give you a 
succession of colour and inter- 
est. A dry stony habitat, like a 
rockery, may not suit every 
garden, but a wall, planted 
with saxifrages, wallflowers 
and ivy-leaved toadflax can 
make an interesting equiva- 
lent Nor should you forget 
your flowerbeds. The wild 

spinach, beet or Swiss 
chard can be eaten raw in 
salads when young. Baby 
carrots and lettuce sprouts can 
be served as a salad with a 
Ught mayonnaise or yoghurt 
Be as gentle as you can 
when thinning out carrots — the 
foliage is said to attract carrot 

in the fruit garden the 

Making a meadow; ox-eye daisies, buttercups and sorrel, some of the wild plants that can be grown from seed 

flowers of the cornfield which places in your area (even cities 
farmers so disliked are now have them). You can see what 
quite uncommon. I And corn grows well, and perhaps what 
marigold, corn-cockle and red species are scarce, and there 
poppy an asset though I may be opportunities for judi- 
haven't yet found a way of cious seed gathering. Only 
making cornflowers look at take ripe seed: the wild pdpu- 


Stocking a wild garden 
needs careful consideration. 
There are any number of firms 
offering seed nowadays, some 
of it a little dubious. If you are 
growing from seed, try to 
make sure it is native, not 
imported. I would always 
recommend starting wild 
plants off in seed trays — 
scattering seed on lawns and 
beds has dismal results. 

However, before you buy. 
have a good look round wild 

first canefidates are the 
gooseberries. Pick these 
gradually over the season, 
leaving just a few to expand 
into fine dessert fruit which 
require no sweetening. The 
early thinnings are tar too 
sharp to attempt raw, so 
put them into a tart or 
gooseberry fooL 

A little later, small apples 

It is a great misconception 
that wild gardens are simply 
bits of ground left to run riot. 
Like any other garden, they 
need care and attention. 
Meadow areas in particular 
require mowing or they will 

lation has to survive, and it is' become rank, and dumpy 
illegal to dig up any wild plant, grasses will take over. Mowing 
Alternatively, beg a plant from m late June or early July is 
someone who has an' old good for meadows which Tea- 

garden with wild flowers in it. 
Growing the special wild 
plants of your own area is a far 
better form of conservation 
than introducing from exter- 
nal sources. It increases the 
local population, which .may 
have its own genetic identity, 
and ensures its continuity if 
the original habitats are 

may require thinning afterthe 
natural "Juno drop . Let 
them swell a litfie but pick them 
off before the core is 
tanned. The small fruit used to 
be known as codBms. An 
ESza Acton recipe from her 
1845 suggests they are 
rolled in sugar ana baked 
slowly in a tart until the fruit 
is cooked through. 

lure spring, flowers, others can 
be mowed in August. Always 
remove the mowings. Using a 
sickle or scythe is satisfying if 
you have the skill, but a rotary 
mower without!? roller, at the 
highest setting, will do the job. 

Before you start, investigate 
the -pass for frogs, grass- 
snakes and newts and remove 


• Roses for indoor decoration 
should be cut with long stems 
as a Irinrf of summer pruning. 

• Thoroughly water wall fruit 
trees once a week even when- 
weather is wet 

• Earth up potatoes. 



A bag for all seasons has been 
designed by Hamista Hamil- 
ton of Sheffield. It is made of 
pile-fabric and there is a 
selection of outers and inners 
for all conditions. The nylon 
outer case or the thermal liner 
can be used on its own if the 
night temperature is above 65 
deg F or as protection against 
mosquitoes. Even if you climb 
in wearing damp clothing it 
will dry over night with your 
body heat. Outer costs £42.95. 
plus thennal liner £13.95, plus 
inner £13.95. available from 
the YHA, 14 Southampton 
Street. London WC2 or 
Blacks. 10 Holbom. London 

Rkfing the waves and 
hillsides: (top) the one- 
handed direction finder for 
sailors from Lokata; (right) 
the attractive new Fan sail 
for windsurfers, made in 
four sizes and designed by 
Torix Bennett, and (above) 
a modem version of the 
cavalry saddle, designed by 
John Goodwin forTong- 
distanoe riding, giving more 
back support 

I oeuikiri 1 the purpose. A modern ver- 

rioniWU 1 sion of the.cavalary saddle,: it 

Lead weights are dead weights J 1 ® 5 r P uc ^ "19*® **JPP ° t rt 

for 3.000swans a year and by than .n a i traditions saddle. In 

next January most lead shot va H~ fin ^ “ 

for angling will be banned if 1 

the voluntary phasing-out has Sjf 

not worked by the end of the a J ^ we .*5 lon ^ 

coarse fishing season. Saturn iiSSE 

Shot weights are reusable and f^P-. IP 115 J s 

made in zinc-plated steeL -Riding for the Dis- 
coloured to resemble lead. JWg * ^uakgne. 

Each comes with a rubber ring ^ JjF obtained from 

topress on untie weight Sizes {ohn 

correspond to lead shot SSG, Burton-on- 

AAA.BB.No'6or-No3ai99p Trent Suns. 

neo trom 

per packet from Saturn Shot I - ' , ■ i 

Supplies. 10 Kent Road. | SAILING ' | 
Lackfofd Green. Bury St Ed- . 1 

munds. Suffolk. Oiheraltema- -n, c Maxi Depth and Maxi 
lives are available: wnte to the Log are |j, e perfect couple for 
Nature Conservancy Council, vessels with a 24-volt eleeiric- 

North minster House. Peter- jjy supply, giving a digital 
borough for a ieafleL display of depth and speed. 

■ Designed as a pair (with the 

" DiniMf' I help of the Design Council's 

muirava I design advisory service) ’the 

Maxi Depth £149 and Maxi 
Silting comfortably is one. of Log£169areinaslimcaseand 
the main considerations for are pre- wired with piug& A 

long distance riding and the 
Paragon SAD 601 saddle £445 
by John Goodwin is the first 
to be designed specifically for 

press of a button shows' the 
depth and an alarm sounds 
when the preset, depth is 
exceeded or is too shallow. 

The Ma^i Log can be used as.a 
racing timer. Made -by 
Incastec. available from 
Pumpkin Marine Ltd. The 
Highway. Wapping. London 
El and Telesonic Marine Ltd, 
60-62 The Brunswick Centre; 
March mont Street. London 


Small is beautiful in adven- 
ture. sailing, but sometimes 
you are -hanging on and navi- 

? »urig at the same lime so Dr 
osmo Little of Lokata has 
invented a one-handed Direc- 
tion Finder. It operates on 
self- contained torch batteries 
arid its microprocessor is ac- 
curate in the most difficult 
conditions. The. Lokata 7 . is 
only LO'/rin x 6in. weighs 
about lftlb and costs £185. 
Contact. Lokata. Falmouth, 
Cornwall (0326 72636) for 


Smash hits are 'more likely 
when you have a racquet that 
you can tune precisely to your 
needs. Top class players have 
always used racquets strung 

•' Tipi _ „ 

A perfect Couple on board: - 
(above, top) the Maxi 
Depth, which gives an 
instant audible warning 
and reading of correct 
water depth, and (above) 
the Maxi Log. measuring 
speed as well as acting as a 
rading timer. They are 
designed for use together 
and come ready wired and 
plugged for easy 

differently for varying condi- 
tions. Fischer's Hi tec-Cad has 
a tension control operated by 
a key which fhsistd the end of 
the handle grip.. The strings 
can be regulated within a 
range of lOlbs. £1 19.95 from 
-Lillywhites. Piccadilly, Lon- 
don Wl_ 


..-. More power ‘to- your 
funboard is the. idea behind 
the new Fansaii designed by. 
Torix BennetL The symmetri- 
cal sail eliminates the gybe 
and allows air to flow easily 
either way. Adjustable straps 
hold the -mast: so that the 
curvature and sail tension can 
be easily altered and because 
downwind turns made 
without gybing there is no loss 
of wind power. The sails come 
in four sizes from £240 for the 
5.4sq metre to £295 for the 
7 .2sq metre. They are stocked 
at Technical Exponents: 74 
Waterford . Road. London 
SW6 and to order' from The 
Active London Windsurfing 
Centre. 557 Battersea . Park 
Road. London SWJi (01 223 

“Do you remember the hrbwn 
suit, which you made to hang 
upon you. tin afl your friends 

cried shame upon you, it grew 
so threadbare — and all be- 
cause of that folio Beaumont 
and Fletcher, which you 
dragged home late at night 
from Barker's in Covent 
Garden? . . - for the mighty 
sum of 15 or 16 shillings taas 

Charles Lamb's mighty and 
glorious extravagance in the 
.early years of the last century, 
counted then in carefully hus- 
banded shillings. WOUld ItQW 

F6r example, there are eight 
first editions of G.A. Herisy in 
the original pictorial cloth u 
Henty wrote 10 times that 
number. Many of us aspired to 
be one of the dcan-hmbed 
young men he portrayed, but 
sever quite made it. From 
John Grant, a bookseller in 
the same city, conies a collec- 
tion of the works of Jessie 
M. King, justly relegated to 
the role of minor artist; but 
how c ha rming was her work 

and what pleasure she brought 

to her contemporaries. 

If you are serious-minded 

banded shillings, would now jf yog ^ serious-minded 
cost a similar number, not of and bte early books, there are 
pounds, .but of hundreds of occasional incunabula to 

pounds. It is. true that, above 
all. dear Lamb' wanted to read 
the book and in bis day there 
were no Mermaid dramatists 
or Everyman or paperbacks, 
but now you might comb the 
bookshops of the world to find 
the 1647 Beaumont and 

be picked up (so called be- 
cause they were printed before 
1500 and come from the 
“cradle of priniingTk -At Cav- 
endish Rare Books is Peter 
Comesior's Scho/astica 

hisroria. Strasbourg 1485. for 
£2300. This copy has copious 
manuscript notes and 

What is tree for a near drawings. “These”, says the 
contemporary edition of . an description, “commentate as 

them to safety before the fetal 
blades get them. In the au- 
tumn, mow hard to give a neat 
appearance during the winter 
and a good start for next year. 

Goad quality wild seed f$ 
available from John Chambers, 
15 West Leigh Road, 

Barton Seagrave, Kettering, 
Norttiants (0538 513748); 
and Suffolk Seeds, Sawyers 
Farm Lithe Comard 
Sudbury, Suflblk.(0787 
227247). The latter pubfish 
Seed Growers Guide to 
Herbs and Wild Flowers tiy 
Helen McEwen (Suffolk 
Herbs. £1.50 foe p&p), which 
tells you how maximise 
your chances of success, Its 
not as easy as you mighty 

• Remove dead flower-heads 
from roses, rhododendrons 
and bedding plants. . . . 

• Give cabbage-family seed- 
lings an evening dusting with 
denis if flea-beetle is a 

• Put netting over strawber- 
ries to prevent birds eating 

Elizabethan . dramatist^ is much' on the 
equally so for original editions made them as 1 
of 18th and 19th-century nay- ftjj < 

els. first editions of Palladio foie de vivre." 
and Isaac Newton, or early '- rf 
printings of Unle .Goody 
Twoshoes and Mrs Trimmer s casuc also to 
History of the Robins. *£**- j* « Jo 

. The Elizabethans collected Pfoeci^aonum 
first and early printings of the Cotogne 147, 

much' on the scholar who 
made them as on the text. The 
book is foil of 15th-century 

r — - ' HI. 


‘'-.J' • 

■■■nxr, !>'; ' ' JR 

l " 

MiiTi '-SCSI 



- tm * ' ' >: : s ’/■ . Jjfi , r ji% 

What's op doe from first edition 
of Stoy's Bflder-Akademe 
for die Jugend, 1780, £500 

classics, sometimes having 
them richly bound and embla- 
zoned with their coats of arms. 
Few of these splendid collec- 
tions remain intact, most of . 
their contents having been ' 
sold and . resold over the. 
intervening centuries to satis- 
fy the ever increasing number 1 
of book-hungry collectors. 

in -time the . majority of 
those fine eadyltodks.ljeaime . ; 
absorbed into the .great librar- 
ies such as the British Muse- 
um (now the British Library). ; 
the Bib]ioth£que Nationale : 
and the universities of the 
New World, never again to be , 
offered for sale. , 

Book collecting has ' no ' « 
boundaries; it is a measure of 
the imagination and knowK j 
edge of the collector usually, ; 
but not always, controlled by ■ : 
practical considerations. Not. ; 
for instance, in the case of 
Richard Heber (1773-1833) r 
who said: “No gentleman can :• 
be without three copies of a \ 
book, one for show, one for 
use and .one for borrowers." 
When he died, his books filled 
six houses. 

Or Sir Thomas Phillipps 
(1792-1872). who bought ev- 
ery iranuscript on which he 
could lay his hands and paid 
his bookseller's bills only un- 
der duress. His collection has 
taken three generations 10 
disperse, and even now the 
last vestiges of it are to be 
found on a bookseller’s = 
shelves in New York. In our J 
own day C.K_ Ogden (1889- \ 
1957), the originator of Basic j 

Robert Steedman oTNew- 
caszfc also has an incunabu- 
tttm. It s Johannes Niden 
Praeceptorium divinae legrs. 
Cologne 1472. bound in 
btindstamped calf over wood- 
en board. for£830Q. Although 
it is a work of theology, it has 
passages on witchcraft and 
sorcery, a subject of perennial 

Rosenthal of Oxford has a 
first edition of Heine's Buch 
dcr Uedcr , 1827. for £1.400. 
and Fisher and Sperr of 
Highgate bring Christina 
Rossetti's privately printed 
Toses — Dedicated to her 
Mother. 1847. at £2.750. Ber- 
tram Rota displays die heavily 
revised typescript in the 
author's hand of Ezra Pound's 
polemic Our Own Form of 
Gotcrnmcm. £3.000, while 
John Wilson of Eynsham 
offers a fine autograph letter 
by Nelson for £2.850. 

Didier Lecointre brings 
from Paris some splendid 
books on French gardens, and 
Sims. Reed and Fogg have 
VoUanTs sumptuous edition 
of Daphnis ct CMoe which, 
with 151 original lithographs 
by Pierre Bonnard, cannot be 
expensive «t £3.000. 

There are fine bird books 
tpith magmfipeni. coloured 
plates by John Gould, an 
illustrated manuscript made 
in 1925 by Sangprski and 
Sutcliffe for £25.000, and 
much more. That they cost 
thousands of pounds is a sign 
of the times. Charles Lamb 
called them the kind of books 
“for the eye to glide over". 

Natural laws: from Stay 

For most of as. however, it 
is the ordinary, everyday 
books that feed our minds and 
shape our lives. These will be 

IWIfi VJIC UlI&limLUl VII DUtV ft...- J L. - , --- : — 

English, had houses full of “ on ^ 

books. It is still possible over shelves, and 

the course of a lifetime .to 
exchange a lot of money for 
vast quantities of . books, 
though' the prevailing' taste 
nowadays is more selec- 

The annual Antiquarian 
Bookfair certainly presents a 
good cross-section of what an 
industrious collector may find 
in 1986. 

for a few of us they may still 
awaken the excitement that 
Charles Lamb fell as he car- 
ried home his Beaumont and 

Ben Weinreb 

Antiquarian Bookfair, Park 
Hotel. Piccadilly, London 
W1 (01-499 6321), Tues-Thurs, 


OH MY! Relics of Omai, the 
first Polynesian to visit Britain, 
are on sale for Hie first time 
since Tobias Fumeaux brought 
him back to 

Christie’s South 
Kensington,- 85 Otd Brampton 
Road, London SW7 (01-581 
761 1 ). Viewing tomorrow 1 2 

iJVAjit— +prn ana moii 

9.30am-i <L30pm. Sale Mon 

Long grass to cut? 

^ isiS asfea Ri 


I ' TH« Allan Mini 23 to v|t man machlnas md more. The soervt? Quick ctuins* he«di >£1 that 

. dM ] with a «iuWtud« of | i w and waad problwna In and around tha gardan. ftr 

Qfferarp*r*«p*M»^ jjqht and aasV to UK tha Mini 23 taaturaa a ppvwrftjl 23Acc Zanoah angina with rr elac- 
Shmtroo ms a n frr troflic Ignition and cflaphrawn ’any angle* carburatnr. Thli vanatila machlna cuts grass and weeds 
In an those awkward areas tha mower misses along walls and fences, around treat, under, hedges. Into 
f'MU dKchas, cuts the ataapesr bank — oven edges the tawnl. Buy- now at our summer offer of £219^ 
JXCnl save over £32 PLUS fra* bulk spool worth another £14.95. S«nd today far your newest / 

dealer or TaL Efideot (0235) 613936 any Bum. Allan Powv Equip meat Ltd. The Broadway, DkfeqtjOXflBE S/ 

The revolutionary spirit carried 
Russian artists towards 
abstraction in advance of 
western Europe and rare 
relics from fills exciting time 
are included In this modem 
print sale. 

Christie's. 8 king Street 
London SW1 (01-839 9060f. 
Viewing tomorrow 2-Spm 
and Mon 9am-4pm. Sale Wed 
Z30pm. . . . 


Mr and Mrs Friedrich Kafr 
Johnssen of Essen . 
collected contemporary art in 
the 1960s arid early 1970s: 
Malcolm Motley and Howard 
Kanowitz, Lucid Fontano, 

Piero Manzonl, Arman, .... 
Picasso and Henry Moore. 

noon-4.30pm. Mon and Tues 
9am-4 ,30pm. Sale Wed 


papers of Lt.-CO. Bfot 
craws hay- wruiams (1 879- 
1962), Churchitl's assistant 
^tvate secretary at the 

contain fascinating 
sktatights on the great man. 
Philips, Blenheim Street. 


M®*ORABUja: Onslow's of 
JJpnchester are holding 
flwjr biggest ever sale of 
gotonng collectors' items. 

^ U f ^m ra ^3 a U9h 

jnagazines, admire Roy 
Lockokls's paintings of 
Bropklands or pick thtfr wav 
E^Jhold acetylene ^ 

headlights and bulb horns. 

SfUJ the OW Club 
JS^rpooktands Museum, 
Surrey (OC^Q^ 
^3007 on day of sataV 

LEIl savfl ovor £32 PLUS fro* bulk spool worth mother £14^5. S«nd today far your naaraat 
■ TbL DWoot (023S) 813936 any tfiria. Allan Powv Equipment Ltd, The Broadway, Di3mCOXfl8E^ 

Picasso and Henry Moore. Viewing 

asfsaswsaa?' ' ^ 

8080). viewing tomoi7ow i2 Geraldine Noraan 

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Where cuisine is a Loire unto itself 

a ne 


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-'■". 115 & 

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Take claims of regional cooking with a pinch of salt, Jonathan Meades writes 

R*ncte Money 

The. Jact that Cafe. Loire's 
better quattties tavcTOthuig 
10 do with hs name recalls a 
cartoon is winch a customer 
remonstrates with the assis- 
tant in a dry-deaners: “Not 
ready till. Friday? Hut it' says 
two hour diy-cbsming”. Assist 
- taut **Oh that That's just the 
name of the business” . . 

Perhaps i-.-dtih is because 
when the British think of the 
Loare they do not think of the 
m assive man olatrous statuary 
of Le Puy, whatevtiiy h^ftop 
bears a hundred-foot statue of 
the. Virgin. Nor do they think 
of; 'the soccer town _of St 
Etiepne; and ■ gastro-prigruns 
to the multi-starred Troisgros 
restaurant at Roanne hardly 
.bother to Consider that the 
dismal* otherwise undistin- 
guished town - bestrides 
France's greatest river. No,-the 
; Loire, to the British, means 
Toitraine, the bit where the 

Many traditional 
customs are joist 
about extinct 

chateaux are, the bit wbicha 
thousand dismal wines come 
•from —I know, youlove them, 
and Til swallow my words.' 

. This- British notion of the 
Loins as just the east-westfeg 
of the river is upheld at Chfe 
Loire, whose ^regional dishes 
are of the sort that are 
supposed to belong to towns 
like. .Tours, . - Ansars - and 

1 say supposed because, as 
countless thwarted travellers 
will have learned, “regional” 
cooking- that which depends 
on the produce and, more 
pertinently, the custom of a 
particular area — is now just 

by the sdf conscious efforts of 
■Up-market convene mianen ,. 
the. same cuismim whose 
“novelty cooking” during the 
last decade and a half more or 
less did for it It is now 
habitual throughout France 
for laureled che& to offer a 
menu of plots regiomux, pre- 
pared with an archaeological 


The fashion for repro cook- 
ery has now, apparently, 
spread to England. Though 
Cafe Loire can hardly be 
accused of the archaeological 
tendency, ns effort at noisettes 
de pore - oar prtmmux is as 
'accurate/- as - Mr Ron 
Atkinson's nrbnundation of 
the- former St Etienne inside- 
forivarcTs name as Rosh-£ee- 
Toe- According to both 
Elizabeth David and Jane 
Grigson it should be prepared 
thus; the pork is sealed, then 
it’s simmered in some of the 
Vouvray that half a kilo of 
prunes -has -soaked in: super 
prune juice. The cooking is 
finished with the reduction of 
mere ihnne juice, prunes, 
cream and currant jeUy. 

■ Cafe Loire’s version com- 
prises three chunks of char- 
grilled pork with an 
independently contrived' 
sauce which while it may be 
composed ofthe “correct” 
ingredients does not mate its 
liaison with the meat at the : 
right moment. You've got to 
time your run. ' 

• Other dishes on this -part of 
the- menu include; rUhns de 
: ‘pore which m my unhappy 
Saumurois experience are de- 
signer pork scratching^: 
palettes which are fine if you 
enjoy: hearty and heart-stop- 
ping amounts of .goose fim a 
rabbit casserole . with 
Muscadri, whjdi presumably 
might be made with any wine. 

anywhere. Were the place 
called Ga& Delon (deem: 

called Ga& Dekm (deem: 
grainy prints of dead minders) 
or Cate MdviBe (arty prints of 
dead Delons) one wouldn't 
worry about the authenticity 
of its dishes. 

One might concentrate on 
what it gets right; and it does 
get some things right Admit- 
tedly the decoration is offthe- 
peg early 1980$ - wails of 
scram bled-egg-efiect raggin g, 
dizzily polychromatic 

But those dishes dependent 
on conscientious shopping 
and no particular hurry are 
excellent — of course there’s 
no reason why the stumping 
should not be yet more exten- 
sive within the notional com- 
pass of the Loire. There's a 
salad of smoked halibut (very 
dose to that obtainable from 
Hamburger Products, Wl) 
and another of spiced, smoked 
goose which is like a dream of 

Sweetened soft 
fruit desserts are 
prettily presented 

pastrami, the fat miiigatMt 
with a mustard and rhiTK 
dressing. It's in the actual act 
of cooking that things go 
astray: a haplessly trilled su- 
preme de vomille at robe was 
“wearingi” a slice of thin, dry 
bacon and was no more 
exciting than the pork , ami 
prune effort 

Sweets are prettily present- 
ed and tend to involve soft 
fruit being Magimixed and 
highly sweetened - not too 
mud) cooking. The wine list, 
compiled by the ubiquitous 

takes -an- imaginative view of 
what the Loire signifies: the & 

Pointam we drank with unex- 
pected satisfaction . comes 
from an area iOO or more 
miles from Tours and not 
much less from PouiDy and 
San ce rre; indeed, St Pourcain 
is not actually on the Loire at 
aJL and its wines have more in 
common with those of 
Burgundy. Still, it’s a welcome 
. trespasser. Two will pay be- 
tween £40 and £50. 

The approach at 
L’Aqaftaine is different: it 
really is an outpost of that 
region; the south-west has 
colonized a bit of the Old 
Brampton Road opposite a 
quintessentially English gm 
palace of the 1880s. The sue 
was formerly occupied by a 
Gascon establishnrau called 
L'Estanquet whose down - 
home rusticity was only slight- 
ly marred by the axkroach 
that walked up the wall the 
evening I was there The new 
owners, who come from the 
environs of Bordeaux, have 
cleaned up the place and 
within the limits of available 
produce, are determined to 
offer the traditional dishes of 
their native area — dishes, 
incidentally, that are now only 
rarefy to be found in Bordeaux 
itself! The cooking in that 
city's many excellent estab- 
lishments is only notionaHy 
based on the old rep er to ire 

Here in Old Brampton 
Road you'll find another 
prune and meat combination 
(the region is the . largest 
producer of prunes in France); 
ami cassoulet — Aquitaine 
does stretch down to the 
cassoulet heft, which is also, 
by no coincidence, the rugby 
belt It's a well-known fact that 
future French mop forwards 
are drip fed this dish from 
birth, .There are oysters with 
skinless sausages (though hot. 



evidently, this month) and 
jarnbon de Bayonne. 

You'll also find some of 
those lapses of decorative 
taste that are apparently de 
rigueur in decent joints 
throughout France: a luridly 
im pasto painting, chunks of 
harness on the roughcast 
walls, horrible gewgaws in 
niches. There is, furthermore, 
a pianist who specializes in the 
more : maudlin compositions 
of Jean Lennon and Elton 
Jean; still, most ofthe punters 
bray so volubly that little of 
his work at the ivories is 

audible. There, are occasional 
special nights here devoted to 
the art of chanson, French 
exiles line up to pay warbling 
bom mage to Pia£ Brd and 

There is a tot for the punters 
to bray about The cooking is 
first rate, the service is charm- 
ing, the wines are not greedily 
priced (though the selection is 
thinnish), ana at the end of foe 
meal you are offered, compli- 
mentary glasses of “white 
cognac”, chocolates and ciga- 
rettes. Before that you'll have 
enjoyed a copious spread of 

foie gras, warm “salad” of 
skate with beurre blanc, confit 
of duck with a flageolet purfie 
that is a high-born relation of 
dahl and pease pudding, 
chicken breast with a potent 
sauce of cream and (dried) 
cepes, oversweet nougatine 
saved by a tart apricot sauce, 
oversweet creme brulee that is 
unsaveable. The bread is good 
and so are foe vegetables, 
especially a saute of celery and 
peppers. With a glass of 
Pineau de Charentes. another 
of Floe de Gascogne and a 
fulfish if too young Madiran 

foe biO for two was £57. The 
restaurant is in foe basement; 
on the ground floor is . a 
“bistro” serving simpler stuff 
Both departments reek (liter- 
ally) of the genuine article. 
The name is not betrayed. 

Cafe Loire, 11 Great 
Marlborough Street London 
Wl (01-4342668). Open 
Mon-Fri, noorv3pm and 6 anv 
11 pm. Sat, 6am-1 1430am. 
Closed Sun. 

L'Aquitabw 158 Old 
Brampton Road. London SW5 
(01 -373 9918 or 5759. Open 
Mon-Sat. 7430-1. 30am. 


.-ritrwa, tv.r 

Jfc •»£' 

<* • •• 

.'X n«v- 





on> ! 



. ;■ r, 

, ' -i 

Pickling is npe 

for a revival 

• v 

Shona Crawford Poole has refreshing 
sugg^stionsfOT a traditional art : 

Preserving is -foe oldest of 
ctrimaiy arts and one of foe 
most pleasing. : Long before 
bacteria and enzymes had 
been seen under microscopes, 
cooks and dairymaids, brew- 
ers arid bakers, had got their 

They had learned how to 
stop precious foodstuffs rot- 
ting by salting them, by dry 4 
ing, smoking, candymg in 
sugar, picklmg in vinegar, 
soaking in- alcohol or by 
exdudmg air. All these pro- 
cesses are. still in use both 
commercially -and 


. What hasprobably changed, 
hastened by the spread of 
domestic frMzers, is our reper- 
toire of. jHeservmg. recqtes. 
Another toss, which is most 
apparent in recipes for jam, is . 
the trend towards maximizing: 

at the expense of 

. The Illustrated Book of Pre- 
senes, by Simonetta Lupi and 
Angelo Sorzio, traiulated 
from the Italian Le nostre 
conserve, and published this 
month by: Arum Press at 
£9.95, may heb> to reverse that 

Angdo Soizio, head dief at 
the Grand Hotel des Bains on 
the . lido in Venice, ami 

tor of tbe^mugBrir xTcheuuz 
Italiana have made a rich 
^collection of recipes for pro 
serving fruit, and vegetans. 
They explore the preservative , 
properties of ofl, heat, sugar, 
and alcohol — all jised less 
frequently now than they were^ * 
before freezers became 


H 1 

l * i 

r ■ •• > i 


Close cousins of mmiy 'of 
the retypes can be found in any 
household manual published, 
in England since foe 18th 
century. But many more are 
distinctively, and 

stimutolingly Italian. 

fruit and flowers figure in 
foe recipes chosen fade. But 
the bow is strong on vegeta- . 
bles as wdL Anyone wishing' 
to preserve foe mats of their ' 
labours in the garden will find 
ideas and explicit instruction 
in techniques which may be 

unfamiliar. Preserves that I 
shall be making as foe seasons 
come round are mushrooms 
in oil with basfl, aubergines 
with herbs and tomatoes and 
curried leeks. This does not 
reflect the balance of the book, 
which is very strong on 

: Cherries in spiced vinegar 
can be eaten like olives mid 
their tartness goes wefl with 
cold meats. The recipe can be 
halved or quartered. 


A ssessing any youthful 
vintage, whether it is 
Burgundy, Bordeaux or 
Champagne, is a tricky balanc- 
ing act between future prom- 
ise and current pleasure. Yeti 
do not belong 'to that stern 
school of thought which 
. claims that great vintages 
must taste revolting in fo«r 
youth to attain a glorious 
maturity later on. Certainly an . 
excess of youthful tannin, 
aridity and fruit can occasion- 
ally . provide an astringent 
mouthful But if the quality is 
there it shines through, leav- 
ing an overall impression of 
finesse not foulness. 

Detecting- greatness be- 
comes a good deal easier as 
vintages get older. The imma- 
ture mantles of excess aridity 
and tannin are thrown off to 
reveal what should be a bal- 
anced. '.harmonious yet still 
complex wine underneath. 

Bearing all that in mind, it 
was therefore with some be- 
wilderment that I tasted, 
blind, the 1979 champagse 
vintage; which has already 
been rated a great champagne 
year by experts. Instead of 
elegance, harmony and bal- 
ance. which should be. foe 
hallmark of these seven-year- . 
old champagnes, foe group of 
eight leadmggnzruto marques 
houses were, with a few excep- 
tions, very disappointing. - 
Thoroughly confused. I re- 
peated the exercise a month 
later and in order to make 

Bubbly vintage that’s fallen flat 

-certain that I was not writing 
off the vintage out of hand, I 
included a range of gnmdes 
marques champagnes fitim 
other yinfcges- The results 
were foe same. Just four 1979s 
■ came out wdL 
. * What: is upsetting, about 
these findings is that no 
_Champenpis with whom I 
have discussed '.this vintage 
has had anything but praise 
for the ’79s. Everyone -seems 
to beconvmced that it is a fost- 
dass. champagne vintage that 
just needs' time to reveal its 
true glory and soften up its 
austere edges. This may be . 
true, but as most champagne 
vintages are at their best at 
around ten years old, foe *79s 
should by now be showing 
some indication of future, 
pleasure In my opinion few 
are. • 

As usuatfoe 1979 weather 
pattern m Champagne has- had 
much to do with the quality, - 
or lack of h, of foe vintage. 
Last-minute rani and, to a 
lesser extent a cold, late start 
probably caused foe problems. 

. No one could grumble 
about foe .quantity of wines 
produced— some 228,58 1,961 
bottles — foe biggest vintage 
by fer of the *70$ and; to dare, 
foe .third largest champagne 
vintage on record. Cynical it 
may be but l cannot bdp 
thinking that it is this factor 
that settled the reputation of 
tins vintage. 

4 Overall the ’79s are certain- 

ly powerful full-flavoured 
wines but they also have less 
appealing traits. The feast 
lovely ofthem all is rot, whose 
familiar smell and . liwift is 

present on several wines — 
perhaps due to that last 
mjnute .October downpour. 

H igh aridity is another 
attribute and there are 
many raw ’79ers foal it 
is hard to imagine ever com- 
ing found and softening up. 
Time alone wili tdDI how good 
this vintage really Is. In the 
meantime, for those impatient 
champagne tipplers who can- 
not wait forever, foe following 
arc recommended. - - 
" . Unfortunatley, my two 
fhvourite '79s also happen to 
be some of foe most expen- 
sive^ For those who want to 
splash out this summer, try 
foe glorious Salon Le Mesml 
T9, a Blanc de Blancs cham- 
pagne from the top 
-Chardotmay village of Le 
Mesnit-sur-Oger. Its fresh, 
multi-layered, yeasty-toasty 

27th Antiquarian Book Fair 
fsaH Lane Hotel, Piccadilly 

"T June 24-26 1986 

11 no to S jta. Las Day It. am id 6 -pm. 

■7 Over 100 leadmgTdalen from nine commies wiQ offer 
j far jafc a mirage of fine, are and uaumal 

bookii man pdm M^ un uioitEapii kitea. . 

mir-h-* It * ITiJuITiii il • f- ' 

**of*e*i#*T^^< ''A S' -1 --' •' *' • .VV--’-'- - T- • - 

Land at PIER 31 
for the best Sushi in town 

Some exquisite aisine is waiting for 
.you at London's finest Japanese restaurant 
down by ttie river in Chelsea In the light, 
airy end elegant PJER 31 the natural flavour 
of the ingredients comes first. Your partner 
prefers French cooking? Uniquely we offer 
some ciassic Gallic dishes . 
too. Visit us soon. X r/A 

■31CheyneWdk.SW3^r) Iff) 
Tel. 01-3526006 F i t it 

& 352 4989 

Ctwrrfes In spiced vinegar 

Makes about 4 litres 

(7 pints) 

3kg (GKIbl sound, firm 
cherries, black or Dukes 

Scant 100g(3%oz) sugar 

About 10 smaB, tender 
cherry leaves (optional) 

2 doves - • • 

SmaB piece cinnamon bark 

Pinch gromd ginger 

2 Vi fttres (454 pnts) best red 
or white wine vinegar 

Wash and dry the cherries; 
snip the stalks off to within a 
fraction of an inch (about 
1 mm) of the fruits; blanch a 
few at a time only, to allow the 
water to return to the boil 
almost immediately after they 
are added to it. Take out the 
cherries as soon as the water 
has boiled and spread them on 
a dean doth to dry. Blanch the 
cherry leaves if using them. 

In an enamelled or stainless 
sted pan, heat foe vinegar 
very gently with foe sugar and 
spices until the sugar has 
dissolved, but do not let it 
bofl. Draw aside from foe heat 

palate really is worth its 
extortionate price. (Les Amis 
du Vim'-SI Chilian Street, 
London Wl, £31.50. The 
Champagne House, 15 Daw- 
son Place, London W2, £30). 

Another ultra-expensive but 
ultra-delirious '79 is Henriot’s 
Baron Philippe de Rothschild 
Reserve, whose light, elegant, 
flowery, toasty taste makes a 
wonderful summer treat 

Coming down from such 
stratospheric prices is Perrier- 
Joifet’s wen-made, rich, gold- 
en biscuity T9 currently 
available at Sairtsbury’s far foe 
ridiculously low. price of 
£10.25 just £2.50 more than 
foeir non-vintage, own -label 
champagne. So rush out and 
buy it while stocks last Anoth- 
er good T9 buy is Pol Roger's 
easy to drink, flowery-fruity 
champagne (The Champagne 
House, £14.56) whose creamy 
mousse and pin-head bubbles 
are especially satisfying. 
Would that all T9s were. 

Jane MacQuitty 

and leave to cool while pack- 
ing the cherries methodically 
into the jars so as to fit in as 
many as posable. Place a 
cherry leaf here and there 
among them. 

Strain the lukewarm vine- 
gar and pour it into the jars. 
Seal and keep cool and dark. 
(Glass topped jars with rubber 
seals are ideal for. this sort of 
preserve which should on no 
account irome in- contact with 
'metal lids which foe vinegar 
would corrode.) 

Vinegar flavoured - with 
roses is an old-fashioned idea 
that is well worth reviving. 
The authors suggest that it is 
good in dressings for potato 
salads and cucumber. 

( IXpfnts ) , . 

1 litre (IS pints) good 
quality vinegar 

85g(3oz) highly scented 
rose petals 

Gather foe rose petals early in 
foe morning. Rinse them and 
snip off the yellow tips of the 
petals where they were joined 
to foe flower centre. Add the 
petals to a bowl tuD of vinegar; 

leave to infuse for 10 days 
covered with a cloth. Then 
strain and pour in bottles. The 
rose petal vinegar is ready for 
use immediately. 

Caramelized apple jam is 
not unlike traditional apple 

Caramefized apple fan 

Makes about l.okg (41b) 

2£kg(5n>) apples- 
Juice ofl lemon 

1kg (2tt>3oz) sugar 

4 tablespoons water 
4 tablespoons brandy 

Wash foe apples, peri, core 
and dice; sprinkle with the 
lemon juke to prevent them 
turning brown. 

Mix 400g ( 14oz) of the sugar 
with the water in a large, 
heavy saucepan and bring to a 
slow boiL (If cooking on gas, 
make sure the flames do not 
lick the sides ofthe pan or foe 
caramel will burn round foe 

When the caramel is a pale 
golden brown, remove it at 
once from the beat and waste 
no time in stirring in the 
apples. (Beware of scalding 
steam at this point).- Make 

One good deal 






sure your caramel is quite pale 
because foe sugar goes on 
cooking after it has been taken 
off foe heat and can burn and 
turn bitter in no time. Adding 
the apples and stirring stops 
the cooking process. 

Once foe apples are well 
mixed into foe caramel *dd 
foe remaining sugar. Return to 
a low heat and bring very 
slowly back to boiling point, 
stirring all foe time; When the 
apples are very soft, turn the 
mixture into a hair sieve. 
Press it through and return the 
puree to the pan. 

If it is very thick, bofl it for 
just a minute more. If it seems 
too liquid, reduce by cooking 
for longer. Turn off foe heat, 
add the brandy and spoon into 
prepared jars straight away. 
Seal tightly and keep in a cool 
dark place. 

To prepare foe jars, wash 
them thoroughly and heat 
them .in. . a cool oven 
(140®C/275°F, gas mark 1) for 
10 minutes after the oven “has 
heated up. Put the jars in the 
oven before turning it on: " 

Fruit preserved by bottling 
in syrup or alcohol is another 
of foe book's strong suits. 
Melons in foeir own syrup and 
blackcurrant in grappa are two 
I. have marked down to try. 

leads to another. 

Konica # 

pop. , 

lick up a triple-pack of Konica fibn 
and youll be getting a good deal 
more for your money. 

Not only are we giving away a 
free pack of quafity playing cards 
but you could win one of a hundred 
Konica Pop cameras. 

Details and entry form for this 
simple competition are on foe back 
of a S triple-pocks. 

Afl this and foe knowledge foot 
with Konica film you're only getting 

foe best. 

No wonder more and more 
people are using Konica film. 



captures colour 

Konica UK Ltd, Plane Tree Crescent, 
Fdfoam, Mkkfiesex TW1 3 7HD. 
Tel: 01-751 6121. 


i iic '£ nvinS SAi U RDAY j UN 1 2 1 i960 



£119 return 






Available now until 26th June, every 
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, depart- 
ing from Gatwick. 

Minimum stay 6 days, maximum one 
month. Infants pay £25. 

For details of these and other low fares 
contact your travel agent or British Airways 
travel shop. 

British Airways 

The worlds favourite airline. 

Italy. Cmcf. Port. Canarfro 
SwHz. Germany. 01-434 4 326 


onnz LATE nm—o 
Four people required la axn- 
Mrtr lively mixed group 36*5 
yn. T« 01708 3590 eves be- 
fore* lOOOpra. 

AUSML N-Z-. Soudi Africa. 
USA. Hong Kona. Bed not 
01-493 7779 ABTA, 

group or Uni pnv rabbi. SpmA 
Oder In July/ Aug. free drinks 
ab Ilw Ume your on board. Ring 
intcfnaUonal Key HOHdaM A 
M for Peter. 061 494 9881 
AMl 71877 

only in May and June at a«pe- 
rui once of £196 p.p. (Four 
sharing) tadnrtve of night. lax. 
Insurance and ■ . c ooconun. Tel 
now for availability, dub 
SanUna Tel 073704 2230- CM 

CRiaSC tMug 12 berth u swv ti 
motor yacni 2 whs June 
17 July 1st £365 pp lne (It, 
Whale boat meUaMr other 
weeks from £1000. Free 
Wjsports. h.b. Ol 326 1006. 
Atol 2091. 

HMKCY «r vxcm. singles wel- 
eonte. W surf, w.skl It £130 Medsdl 0043 974333 




Uniygto wWi beach dub. tow wfmtturilng, disco, bare. 

Bbmin^wn. BoAOn. Cwisto. Dover, 
Leads. Ljvwpoal. London. Newcastle 

Manchester . Piwiao ShefflaM & VWoan. (Flua special cormeo- 
Hons from the rest ol the UKJ 

11tt ^ 

ACT HOLIDAYS (0204) 388108 

17 Choffey Old Hoad, Botton BL1 SAD ABTA Bonded 

S* MAXHSC Sth of France. Smart 
luxury vtua on private Mate. 
ffl eep a 7. Sale sandy beaches 
390 metres. Avail due to cancel- 
wuon from September 6th. 
Telephone Mi Olfr 3394- 

®B*H*L- MMtvM. French Alps. 
Large, new 2 Hoar apartment . 
lounge. 3 beds, kitchen. z baths. 
July -Srplembrr. C260-C350 
per week. Teti (Oil 6098736 

AUOUST - Private «flu wlft 
pooh In South Of France Cl .200 
lo £1.800 winy, palmer 6 
Parker 1049 48U 6411 

& SKIATH05. Beautiful wtos & aps 
ctoa id donna beaches. 
Some FRft date pbas. 
FREE mndasWQ to Crete. 
AxMiMly nsDugbflui Uto mw. 
JPrn Saaday 1W) 

LAMCUEDOC Vtllaoe We «*» 4. 
tmao DOot-gdn. avail end June 
IO 19 July- £7SPW 834 9930 

the most beautiful place 

you've never heard of 

I weekend with a week 

by the sea. 

| HIS brochure from | 

| Magic of Italy, j 

I itaftn. 

AUSTRIA. Secluded S C arcom 
In mountain*. Goad walking all 
age*. TetOI 602 7833 



Rue swollen. 06000 Nk*. 1931 
60 15 54. Iwv Nine EMMe. 
Garden Parking. 36 rooms, 
tulh. shower and wc Fin 
board 200 francs per person per 
day. 1400 francs per wee*. 
board iMimmpfr person per 
day. lioo Irancs per week. 
Drink extra. 


MENORCA private illlas 4 aw 
Offering onus aorom with can 
a beauty spok near coast. an 
dam avail 02403 7145 
TORONTO. Crnirol. 3 bed drt 
houie fullv I urn and equipped 
Sundeck. BaKoru Photos. Min 
1 Ml T«f. 01-459 1065. 





Luwrous targe rtla. «m 
Qraunos. Sow snfna Rrt- 
wto access. 50m to sandy 
beach EnglBfi cook. Also 
housekucer. For waiabtoty 
please pliora 





Beach sufios and aoanmams to 
MaknyJos. me unspoilt fetmq 
wlbge on the south east coast 
Supartt sandy beaches. water 
sports, or life. 

01-288 9185 (24 Mrs) 
inter Jsiand Hobdays 
152 Slwtand Road 

ATWiS FUl to let 2 bed*, bath, 
kU. rrrnx. 2 balconies, tin. Ad 
Jbfenl British tmwmy a 
H illon July-Sew caoop.w 
neg- Tel. 1 093041 568 

DORR), twauuiw Milas Apts. 
Hotels, taf refill haveavotlabibly 
Sunday 22.29 June £ every 
Sunday m July ai special Pncn 
I A 2 wks « Gaiwtrk Open 
Saturday Pan World Hobdays 
01 734 2662 fatter 4pm * Sun 
01 736 24641 

TU9CAHV. Beautiful Hal nr Porlo 
Errale in converted fattona. 
Large prhair terrace and gar 
den. Sleeps 8. To be rented 
June July Aug Sept. Phone 
01 736 1132 for drum 

MCMA/CAMLad grades or no- 
■els & character Pensions. 
Holiday islands 01 8364583 

cany. inland and on the roast 
Villas 4- pooh Resort Villa, Int. 
061 835 9095 or Ol 904 2207 

ALA&SIO Luxury villa a I sea. 
gdn. beautiful Mew. stee ps b. 
£500 pw all m. Ol 3b3 2606. 

CENTRAL VENICE. Apis lo rent. 
Prices from £180 per weed. 
Ctuoier Travel 01 586 9451. 

NR HOME Beautum beach home, 
superb sea views, sips 4 7. Ml 
omen. Photo** 0494 29320 

RMBN W ML Secluded hse ah» 
9. 4 nw sea fr £190 pw June 
Sepl. Tel: 0902 032195 


LA SANTA SPORT. Larasunote. 
Iu» 2 bed MM. pools sport-slps 
6 l u-k 3rd JulviOtn July 
£150 0762 881077. 



Save with SwissairS 
Super Apex. 

London toZurichor 
venient afternoon 

And. daily flights 
to Basie 

(except Sundays). 
Book and pay-days 
before departure. 
Stay m Switzerland 
at least until the - 
Sundayafter arrival 
Bookings and full 
conditions from, 
travel agentsor 

HAMPSTEAD Suprobu CtuM flat. 
■adJ Heethk 2 bed*, large 
recep dining w FFkJL attaapN- 
mtk open lav. Co. M -oref 
Cl 96 p.W TM 01 794 8574 

REPINED European FanUty seels 
large 4 C bedroomed dwe l ling 
. hi 6«uth Keaanghm (near Ly- 
cwi Augau 1st om w np TW 
01-239 3731 e% 157 

hu Oats houaea: £200 SIQOO 
ow usual Rea no PnuHps 

. Kay A Lewa. Sonin M Dw Park 
Chctm office. 01 362 81 it or 
North of Uw P»rX. Regent's 
Pork ofTKT. 01-686 9882. 

BARNES Lovely penthsc flaf^idl 
prof epic. I dbl bdr.. Lofinge. 
Kirn. BOi mt Wr. roof patio. 
CllOmv. Mr. PatervonOl 748 
8552 ihi H no wpqr try 0969 
732226 or Ol 236 9081 

uiebrd sewnon oMuoiry Iw- 
untied Hats In Kmingtoti. 
ClKtan. KtughtsbrUtgc. May- 
fair. St. Jon» wood and 
Hampglead. 01 244 7363. 


CIMh BARN mognlflcenOy con- 
verted add equipped Om 
Oxford s, MAO. 3 beds. 2 baths, 
huge rmp. kU, CH. garage, gar- 
den. £160 pw 086736 843 

CHELSEA, drttgbtrul 1 bedroom, 
garden flat to let foe I year nun. 
£200 per ink. urhstve Tel . Ol 
362 0082 

DUUnCH Lovrty 4 bed Cdwardl 
on Umily honae witn gdBL Ooso 
village and school. Long M. 

' Cl 85 00 pw TH Ol 737 3362 



WSMT1U, ma p u mt wr. morero 
rouptc. seek wiuUon M g e fl i w . 
Conng country (over*, no de- 
pendant. Husband on n I arm 
m a n a g er, nvdepui bustnesaond 
odmUHstraUve cxpenonce. wife 
very Mpefienced m all oidmal 
care and hones. Both active 
■ and vital. Able to turn hand lo 
anything. Expenenced dmen 
IncL hg v Not afraid ol the 
unusuaL Tel 0536 790106. 


Spend a week canoeing 
in Ireland with Adventure 
Holidays. Includes return 
ferry travel for car aid Z 
passengers, (all: (0763) 
42867 (24 hours) 
You'll Only Know 
By Being There 




01 486 9356 

ATOL :S2.i 

Bern Travel. Tel 01 386 6414. 

U.T.C. Open Sol 0753 857036. 

N/TORK Miami LA. Cheapest 
fares an malar U-S. scheduled 
carriers. Abo bonsaUanbc 
charters* rughu to Canada. Ol 
984 7371 ABTA. 



ALOAHVE. Owing to cancelM- 
Uon. private vtfta Monchlgue. 
Pool. maid, am 7. Avon jipy 
10/ 7 Aug. Negotiable. Tet 
070131 248. 

ALCARVE - Choice of auaHty vo- 
tes wKh own pm are poob * 
Staff. Power * Parker 1049 
481) 5413 

MR ALMNEHM Large bouse 
bem 7-9 video, pool break- 
last mckoded. lUOy staffed. 
Avon June/July.SrpL Phone 
Holiday vmos im. (0624) 
74228. Office hour, am y. 

ALOARVE Nr Vai do Lobo detune 
villa, mold. pootbbo-gflnLNr 
OoU GouK-sbom. m Nps 6- 
8. From £300 pw Ttf 0323 

ALOARVE. vatoHra deluxe villas 
A apfs. All amemtbs Inc rest. 2 
pools, prtv. beach. Avail June- 
Ocl. 01 409 2838. VIBaWorld- 

VONV1MUUL- 5c luxury Ihu in vil- 
la near coocofs 2 bed Terrace 
Pool. AMWMra FUL 8h> 6 
Beach 9 nans Tel (0663)44069.. 

ALOARVE. Lux TUbswun pools.' 
Avon AU0/OO. Ol 409 2838. 

ALOANVE fl u gertor pthraw vino, 
pool. mold, b acre. 2 weeks 
aug. Tel 0304 367467. 

ALGARVE, vutaf wun poob. The 
vua Agency. 01604 8474. 


01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

HWH1H UUB Scheduled lllghb 
OI 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

nights e g. mo £489. uma 
L48S nn. Aba Small Grow 
Holiday Journeysieg Peru 
(ram £3601 JLA 01-747^108 

European desUnatwns. inch*, 
she hondayy SonTgrtni - 
Corfu SonHght Holiday,. 01 
491 2187. ATOL 2109. 

52 ISLAND MfXJOAVS or fUghtt 
any. ABTA, ATOL 2061. "Tdl: 
836 4383. 



BAT*. 18th C defairhed cottage 
in Manor gmos. a beds. CH. 2 
reev. new kb. bUma. utility. 
Ong (eats. ^ acre lahdscapd 
Odib. panoramic views. I mile 
Sm. £1 10.000. 0229 832280 

MUM LAND 2 ouaner acre 
MOU. Cl 2360 6 £14.760 for 
muck sale. Abo a new archtteci- 
designed 3 dM bed detached 
vdu reduced lo £66000. All Of 
Nueva Aiaiaya Co8. Eatepooa 
MaroetUi. Tel: 09323 44774. 




North Spain 

ExcWng painting hoMay3 
V) picturesque fishing VV 
iags ol Algarta. Magnificent 
Scenery. Suporb Seafood 
and Interesting Eacura l ona 

AnOMte Jom to DcL 

01-Z35 2828 Eves 


0 MtnKtkw. wnteftn mlng. 


Paneful EdwanSm Thee 
Star Country house on bor- 
ders of Dorset and Devon, 
near Lyme Regs. New Lux- 
ury en-suite bedrooms, with 
views across ffie picturesque 
An Vafiey, ready for July/ 
August Hobdays. 


for cofow brochure 

Cottages et Uoesnal 
& Eiqnsite Cfearacter 

PeseU hamlei in the bent of 
countryside. Supwtriy equqtped. 
luwy combiHd wtn ote wgrU 
charm. Also one bedroom conn. 
Lovingly restored & cared lor try 
John wifi Nancy JoUfl. . 
Tremane Grew 
Loot Comwafl. 

TH: (0503) 20333 


1,1. :• it III r ■ I.’;:. I 

ioaaiy tom Camay naUied 
mmgpvs mn fid or daacter. 
tnow hutanidt pohom. toe 
■dad pm tar BqAmng Uw bn»- 
M com In* and scoioy R 
Exmoor Natmnal Park. BUM 
resteijW acaaksno n local sea- 
(ood. 2 - S day short tads from 
£23 per posoniw tvgM nc. bnafc- 
fa sl 8m. service and VAT. 
Tat Lynta (0538) 53223 

Igp (11 avail Jo*/ Sept. JUOO- 
160 TPLD929 53087 




3 By lUs n toe tarty Boh ol 
Enatnl EdLnpa} mMtobgnal- 
Mb. or pal KM Pd «M Ui 

. For brochure telephone: 


0327 40825 

STRATFORD. Luxury holiday 
apartment. 4/6 people. Wallop 
HalL 1 wrote 12th July serf ca- 
tering or . restaurant. Sporting 
fectmcs avauabie. Telephone 
0203 346 726. 


1V| ndte's M2D/M26 access. 
Spu» naached Ronhw ta 
private mod. 4 bedroom >. Mag 
mom. dnng room, (atoroom. 
show room, luxury Mcben / 
hraoidM roam. Ample snniR. 
secumy system GCH. an nan 
sms's, detected double 
garage, heated snunmin pool 
proqy. a *i ma naaet f goal 
.garden, access to matoy 
wnds. vus to North Doons. 
EKafent onto ditngbouL 
No hte nan please. 

Teh. (0732) 885437 

Ktmor 2 os cm. c m 

10.000 mb ££.8oo Tek day 
724 9675 ext 229 or 0860 
361499 eves wends. 


COLT cn lBOOrc. 49.000 mb. V 
reg. low pronm. aUoyv. sun 
roof. C4.250 ono. Tel Ol 930 
8228 w 672 8991 A - 


AUSlRALlACenerai AgnM any 
Mb on your bmotr. (or nm a*- 
lad, wnn- lo Oatntroe. P O Box 
213. MlbomPouu. NSW 2061. 


TeU0I-^4i-0I22 2Ahrs 

CYCLADES. My konov Parao. 
Naxok, k» He Villas. 
Tavernav* PenMoro. smudy 
Jbeeper SunMy Supen SUnMy 
Simon Houdays, Ol 373 1933 
CORFU BEACH villa Opr 2 16 
homopi area from £2&pp pw 
Phone: 0906 840561 

evg vvknrb 

GREECE, umpoui bbnm cheap 
mghts.iUla rental, etc Zeus Hoi 
May, 01-434 1647. AM AIM. 
RHOOC5 21 25 28 June Save 
£100. Lux apt hot, OMy £129. 
Stroma 0705 860814. 


NER1A owner, pretty pueblo 
house deros 4. colour Tv. 
dune »w m ai li ng pool IO nuns 
beach. £200 pw available im- 
mediately Tel (0225) 852270 

NERJA due cancellation hse. dp* 
6. avail Aug id fartnlghisepi. 
Lovely wiling, with communal 
pool. Tel: 0636 4G549 

JAVCA OnU Blanca Apartment 
wtm wa view ana pom deeps 
4 6. Teb 021 706 3549 

MARCELLA AMm CaH apl dp 6. 

2 bed. 2 path. pool, (enrua. ndns 
gym. polio, rouain Ol 4582128 

COSTA BLANCA TorreOteM. lux 
bunvlpw. 200 yds beach. 3 
bed. 2 bath. bbq. garden, ten- 
ms. gnu. July. Sew. t«. Ol 385 
2100 . 

COSTA DEL SM. BenMmiddna 
Apartmeoi 2 due beds, deeps 
4 5. pom. ovenooiung m, adj 
OMf. clow ro casino and omeni- 
t te,. £2 00 pw Tel 01-874 1169 

MMBELLA Lux house deeps 6. 
^>oL ocaat. Available 
July August Sew. Tel: Holi- 
day Villas Int. 106241 74228 
o ther h our, 

■UHSEUJL Prvl.HomeJMD86B. 
Secl.Grdn Pool on Guadaimena 
CollMax.6pX400 BOOpw Bro- 
ttwre Trt: OlO 33 93 75 24 74 

V W.LAC AWA Eatepona on beoch 2 
barm. 2 bach -sunroof .gdn. 
pools. rrrmtMm. Bar* c^Opw. 
July Aug 041 427 2966. 

•KVA 8LAVA Punning new vo- 
id. Sleeps IO Pool 4 squash cl 
F rom £6S0 pw 883 4761. 

PooH brarhes. Lux onomni. 
Fr CSB p .w. 0603 402666. 

ESTARTIT, OHU Brava. Villa lo 
■M July SeM. uwps 8. Wmoy 
Rm Tel: 0283 840 634. 

HARBELUL Lux villa, wtm 
pool, Avail June lo Oct 01 409 
2838. MUaUortd 

HUAS VR.LACE hw wait. Ml- 
prrb views, mod doles Irani 
£60 pw Tel 10423 1 873*63- 


£100 OFF! 

24 JUNE 

1/2 wks 

B/B or S/C Accomm. . 

01 891 6469 

(24 hrs) 

ATOL 2047 


WMS ysor hah enjoys afl toe 
contorts of a m hotel, taka 
I— Rto N w ag Oateari Bawd 

A uniqys entertainment 


MVER RAMBUNC on (he Orausr 
(Loire volley). Canadian ca- 
noes. gently flowing river, 
unspoilt countryhde. hold com- 
lorn, superb food and an 
elenirm ol adventure. IT, great 
lun. Free brochure lef: 0606 
78201 1 Headwater HoiidarL 
FreepovL Noruiwicn. Cheshire. 



in the Highlands. Hill Scpu and 
hlallorra rOct Novi nre courw, 
prosynin Julia Wrotrohloa 
ARC* ABWA Innteinero LAdgr 
Mull PA 70 6HO SroUaad. 

sariw brochure Hanbonn Rid 
ing Centre . Babgp, Frame. 
Worn, tel 053 1B6 312. 

i TrSi 



MLUSKCARD,* r wing or courv 
uy house, rge. gtoa. village 
fodlUtn. nr. mi 6 moor. Ueeps 
9 7.£16O-£2OOpw.M0*dMe, 
avail TH; 0579 42321 or Ol 
373 4273. 

bedroom oenUrauro (tel In new 
block overlooking manna ana 
Torbay. Available July on- 
word, from £250 p.w. Photos 
avaMaOfr. 0803 24418. 


Bungalow apis. 2 nun, beach- 
ro. Brochure 0637 871776 

rhororter collage. Peep, 6 8. 
1st advert - oil date, available 
From £140 pw 108231 6720*7 
■OOMHL OUM hi*, lovetv OW 
Rectory Mi 3*: acres. Hid pool, 
bar. ran. Brochure 0200 2249 
CLOSE FALMOUTH, small cha- 
let, sleep, 4. rural setting. £100- 
GI20 pw. 0326 40754 
NDEVON Exmoor country col- 
lage.- sips 6-7. Ipe gdn. col 
IV .Ol. COL He 01 680 4771 . 
luxury collage, friendly art- 
maN. TM 0008 850728. 

CHELTENHAM 4 bed. 2 bath. 
Town House, mem G) nr cen- 
tre and shops. £125 pw.Tel. 

OXFORD for your Cultural VW 
Ig OxTOTO me in HIRorW Col- 
lege. i or more nigbu Augug 
13U> • 24lh write -Oxlwd vua- 
93 Lee Road. London SC3. Tul 
01 318 37S9. 

linesaue beamed Rone conage. 
peaceful & sunny, vhim gdn. 
sleep* 5 no pets, col «vdL 
£130"£180 pw. 05903 6169 

WYE VALUE* .'Form Of Dean 
Gounlry (am home. Reep, 2 - 7. 
Peaceful. beauUful views, gar- 
den. Reduction for two perso ns . 
Phone 0694 645509. 


Kessodf i5mW hRidr hod 
OpBo 3# tear raw) 

May roomi Mh sown* & M «ah< 
Mtoortv LcmEod bR Mgtodr <* 
■o*ty tens Badabin. Very icaMn- 
tetarm Why u nook r 
Fteat H IM M MMl 

( 0843 ) 292994 


MMMMERE Exetostee architect 
design dM residence, breathtak- 
ing take & fell vtovro Seep, 6. 
Fully rurnuned and cguinped. 
Brochun- details. Wtodermte. 
<096621 2410 

EDEN VALLEY Recently renovat- 
ed luxury 1BUI century mews 
collage- Sm 4. c.h For bro- 
Chine Tot: 0930 71302 





Choose a febulous Wfedoend, Midweek 
or Seven Day Break. Special Deals through 
June, July and August. 

Book now at over 30 hotels in 
Seodand, England and Wales. 

(late special] 

LONDON— Late Special Price only £29 Bed 
and Break&st per person per ni^it. 
EDINBURGH -Late Special Price only £27 
Dinnex; Bed & Breakfast per person per nighL 
Glasgow: 041 332 4M3. 

London; 01 222 408L 





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About MidnUitaf the Cam 
Bj^rti^lu8:Note^ST- ■ 

SSclonsaives Gettin’ , . 

Togethsr( Jaadand QJO2 03) 

No SoOner. had I finished 
reading John Fordharrt’s huge- 
ly entertaining new biography 
of Rbimie Scott {Lei's Join 1 
Hands and Contact the Living, 
Elm Tree Bools, £6.95) than a 
dutch- of albums arrived to 
illustraiethe hardiness of the 
|l British jazz scene, in which the 
music nourishes despite con- 
ditions tfaa^axerardy, friendly 
anc( offen ^owrirightbostfle. ; 

Straight Eight is the first 
product of Miles Music, a . 
label aUich boasts its laudable 
intention ofbecoming Brit- 
ish Blue Note^— m eaning that 
solid, rswinging^ .hard bop, 
dearly? recorded and utterly 
devoid of gimmicks, is the . 
aim* The from line of- this 
quintet -mixes the experience * 
of foeiendrisaxopbonist Tom- 
my Whittle, an under-appreci- 
ated veteran;- with' the 
freshness of the altcrsaxo-' 
ohonist Alan Barnes, who 
wcame*rto -attention via his 
membership - (recently termi- 
nated) . of Tommy Chase's.. 
popufar quartet. . 

Wfcmlewifl astonish those - 
who think of him as a good 
workman and not much more. 
Marvellously, assured and in* . 
venp ye;* his solos bring a 
gracefuT -rhythmic sense- to a 
plentiful-supply of attractive 
ideas: ' Tte agile Barnes, a 
perfect :domplenient^ . cleariy ' 
relishes the resilience of the 
rhythm' section,' featuring 
MicktuPyne (piano), Alec 
Dankwddh (bass). and Alan 

■ *&■: 

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' Sax appeal: Tommy Whittle, an under appreciated veteran, is marveUoosly inventive 
Jackson (drums), and his clari- Art Blakey or Horace Silver, and -propulsiveness, plays 

-rn-t ntn-rlr ni —Ttra... ...... -* L:. rr , . . V . . ... . . J . 

net wort on “Peppercorn”, his 
own up-tempo tune, form s an 
unexpected and welcome ad- 
dition to the instrument's thin 
post-war literature. 

Gillespie's “Con Alma” and 
Golson’s “Stablemates” make 
appropriate tpaterial, along 
with several idiomatic origi- 
nal sand a couple of attractive 
ballad features— “That’s AIT 
for Whittle, “Goodbye” for 
Barnes. Unpretentious and 
substantial, the record has die 
relaxed warmth of a good 
night at Scotfs diih. - 

The first album by • Stan 
Tracey’s latest band is, in feet, 
(bat very, thing — appropriate- 
ly, of course, since Tracey was 
Scott's house pianist for man y 
seasons. Formed last year, 
Hexad proves itself during the 
course of live at. Ronnie 
Scott’s to be a band that takes 
a particular pride in its ability 
iq swing as hard gs any led try 

Art Blakey or Horace Silver. 
When did we last bear a 
British band hit the kind of 
groove that bums throughout 
the piece called “The Cardiff 

Is there, too, an aho saxo- 
phonist anywhere in the world 
more exerting than Jamie 
Talbot? This extraordinary 
NYJO graduate shines in any 
company, but seems even 
more thin .usually stimulated 
here. It is considerably to their 
credit that Talbot's front-line 
partners, Guy Barker (trum- 
pet) and Art Themen (soprano 
and tenor saxophones), are 
not overshadowed; both shine 
in a passage of startling collec- 
tive improvisation, while the 
leader's piano is foe music's 
cofled mainspring. 

CTark Tracey, who took his 
first unsteady steps with Us 
father's band seven years ago 
and has since become a drum- 
mer of outstanding sensitivity 

and -propulsiveness, plays as 
hard behind Hexad as be does 
throughout Suddenly Last 
Tuesday, foe recording debut 
of his own quintet. 

Barker and Talbot are again 
present here, and anyone who 
doubts the ability of foe 
younger generation to handle 
traditional materials should 
attend to foe confident ballad- 
ry of “Violets For Your Furs”, 
in which Barker wraps his 
lovely silvery tone around 
Talbot's sinous phrases. This 
is a fine start for a very 
promising group. 

Reissues continue to flood 
foe market at a rate that surely 
cannot be maintained; now is 
foe time, then, to acquire 
some of the lesser known 
gems. Kenny Burrell, proba- 
bly pre-eminent among mod- 
ern jazz guitarists in foe years 
since the death of Wes Mont- 
gomery, foiled to arrive on 
schedule at Ronnie Scott's last 

month, but be can be heard to 
good effect in two freshly 
exhumed Blue Note albums. 

. both digitally remastered. 

On View at the Five Spot 
Cafe, by a quintet including 
An Blakey and the wonderful 
tenor saxophonist Tina 
Brooks, is from 1959, while 
Kenny Dorham's Round 
About Midnight at foe Cafe 
Bohemia dates from three 
years earlier. 

Both are relaxed sessions 
taped in small New York 
dubs, Burrell's scoring on 
bluesy after-hours atmosphere 
and Dorham's on the presence 
of J. R. Monterose. another 
tenor saxophonist from jazz's : 
twilight zone, and Arthur ; 
Edgehill, a skilful and swing- 
ing drummer. 

Burrell apart, the only com- 
mon denominator between 
foe two sessions is Bobby 
Timmons, foe pianist who 
made his name with such 
popular soul-jazz composi- 
tions as “Moanin” (for the 
Jazz Messengers) and “This 
Here” (for Cannonball 
Adder! ey). Aged a mere 19 at 
the rime of the first of foe Five 
Spot date, he shows bow 
strength met subtlety in his 
playing; sadly, his death in 
1974 came before his reputa- 
tion could be rescued from 
inaccurate stereotyping. 

From the 1960s comes 
Gettin* Together, a remark- 
ably satisfying small-group re- 
cording by Paul Gonsalves, 
foe tenorist best known for his 
labours over almost a quarter 
of a century with Duke 
Ellington's orchestra. 

Here, with Nat Adderley's 
perky, agile cornet for compa- 
ny in front of the dream 
rhythm section of Wynton 
Kelly (piano), Sam Jones 
(bass) and Jimmy Cobb 
(drums), he rampages through 
several unexpected hard-bop 
routines but also unwraps a 
version of “I Surrender, Dear” 
that would not be shamed by 
comparisons with Coleman 
Hawlrins and Ben Webster. 

Richard Williams 

Odd man out: Michael York in Success Is foe Best Revenge 

Family solidarity 
in voice of protest 

Queen A Kind of Magic 

•lavor’s votf 
a>es All* 

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• tjesse 

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Genesis JnvfeDte Touch 
(Virgin GEN LP2) - 
The Smiths The Queen Is 
Dead (Rough ^ Trade Rough 96) 
The Fabulous • . 

ThundefbJrdsTuff Enuff(&>lc 
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,r concern 

in shops 

Queen's 14th album,' A Kind of!. 
Magic % sold 100 .TOO copies ’in 
foe sewn cibys after its release, 
and entered the -British chart 
at number one. A week laier 
4 invisible Touch by Genesis 
Replaced it at the top of the 
chart. ■' 

Clearly, these are two of foe - 
most spectacularly successful 
releases this year, yet hardly a ' 
good word has been said about 
either "in the press. What is- 
their appeal, and wfiy does it 
not extend to those of os who 
art; given foe records to 

Both groups, employ musi- 
cianship arid production val- 
ues or- foe ■ very highest 
standard -to create albums of 
an unvarying and predictable 
quality, giving good value for 
money but providing no new 

Queen's album already con- 
tains three hit singles. “One. 
Vision”, “Friends Will -Be 
Friends” and foe. title- track. 
Freddie Mercury does a fine , 
^catnp imitation of Diana Ross 
on '"Rain Is So Close To 

Pleasure”, and elsewhere there 
; are baroque metal ainhwiK 
Tike “Princes of the Universe” 
-with its Aryan sentiments, 
foafhave as much chic as a set 
•of flying duds on the wall. 

. While -Queen flaun t their 
Tack of concern for' the; fosb- 
\iou*He m ores,dGenesis try a 
bit hasderfo gain. life credible 
vcrte.Tiaving diVesied foem- 
. selves of their earlier penchant: 
•for • long, . rambling 
“conceptnaT arrangements, 
- they now go for a lighter, soul- 
tinged pop-rock approach and 
end up sounding Hire The Phil 
Coflms Band. ” Anything She 
Does” las a swift, crisp beat 
and synthesizer horn sounds 
while “The Last Domino” 
roinps along, to a Seventies 
neo-disco beat. 

But with their places as- 
sured in fife hearts and record 
collections of so many devot- 
ed listeners;' foe function of 
.reviewing them tends to' be- 
come a job of reportage, ft is 
hard to decide which are more 
nTdevani, foe records or foe 
reviews. . 

No less predictabfehas been 
foe enthusiastic response to- 
Tbe Smiths’ third albmn The 
Queen is Dead. Morrissey, 
with his fey mannerisms; .pre- 
posterous hearing aid and 
' morose warbling voice is foe 
current darling of foe critical 
elite. . " • 

Johnny Marr strums catchy 
chord sequences - while the 

awkward, permanently 
dissaffected Morrissey sings 
such comically despondent 
lines as “Oh Mother, I can fire! 
the soil felling over my bead”, 
his voice pi tching jusi sharp or 
flai of the wavering-mdodies. 

; The band We rccaptnred 
ronfe of their ea^o* enthusi- 
asm for the rode beat and hit a - 
.purposeful stride with songs ' 
like “Vicar in a Tutu” and 
“The Queen is Dead". But the 
.earnest: touches . of juvenile 
dementia that attend every, 
nuance of Morrissey’s singing . 
and wordplay make it a diffi- 
cult album. to take seriously, 
let alone to regard as the 
saving pace of contemporary 

Having' encountered three' 
such baffling extremes of artis- 
tic endeavour, it is comforting 
for an old .rock recidivist like 
me to relax with the familiar 
R'n’B doodHngs of The Fabu- 
lous Thunderbirds. After a 
decade logetherwitbout a hint 
of chart s uc ces s , they have 
suddenly scored a major 
American hit wth TuffEnuff. 

Dave Edmunds's produc- 
tion adds a touch of moderni- 
ty to foe hannonica/shde ■ 
guitar instrumentation of 
“Ten Me” and“Look at That, 

Look at That” chugs along foe 
12-bar trades with an easy 
dependable locomotion. 

David. Sinclair’ Queen: king of the album charts, but lacking magic touch 

THE WEEK AHEAD ®y Peter Waymark 

Making an 
of itself 


If you want to find a boom area 
in this depressed country of 
ours, look no further than 
museums. New ones are open- 
ing at the rate of one a week 
and though sot all survive. It is 
a remarkable story. 

Behind it lies a combination 
of public thirst for knowledge 
and efforts by advertising and 
marketing men to dispdl the 
image of dusty, ftisty halls. 
Suddenly, museums are fan. 

In A Future For foe Past? 
(Radio 4, Thors, 7.40-^pm), 
Robert Hewison takes a criti- 
cal look at foe museum bonan- 
za, before introducing a phone- 
in with Sir Roy Strong, 
director of the Victoria and 
Albert, and Professor Brian 
Morris, the voluble W elshman 
who heads foe Mnsewns and 
Galleries Commission. 

Connoisseurs of Restoration 
comedy, with its astringent wit 
and impossibly involved plots, 
win refish the new production 
of George Etherege's satire. 
The Man of Mode (Radio 3, 
Fri, 7.45-9 J5pm). Derek 
Jacobi plays the hero, 
Dorimant, who lives off the 
fashionable' ladies of the day, 
and foe plum part of foe 
dandy. Sir Fopling Flatter, 
goes to John Webb. 

Another play with a period 
flavour is John Clifford's Los- 
ing Venice (Radio 3, Toes, 
730-9pm), a success of last 
year's Edinburgh Festival 
fringe. David Rintoal is foe 
newly-wed Doke who finds 
himself saddled with a frigid 
wife and derides that waging 
war is a more rewarding 
exercise than making love. 

In Special Subject (Radio 4, 
Toes, 3-4pm), Melville Jones 
has fashioned one of those 
neatly plotted domestic dra- 
mas that are so often the stuff 
of foe Afternoon Play. 

Marion (Karen Ford) is an 
unfulfilled housewife anxious 
that son Tom wfl] have the 
university education she 
missed. But Tom is more 
interested is stomping with a 
jazz band than swotting op 
Oliver CromwdL Can foe 
solution be coaching from 
Marion's lonely bachelor 

One of Radio 4*s perennials, 
A Word in Edgeways, is back 
tomorrow (9-9J0pm). Beryl 
Bain bridge, Paul Barker, for- 
mer editor of Aiw Society, mid 
Tom Braun, an Oxford histori- 
an, chew over^ patriotism, na- 
tionalism and jingoism. 


More than most film makers, 
Jerzy Skolimowski has used 
his work as an exploration in 
autobiography. We saw it in 
Moonlighting and it is even 
more evident in his 1984 
picture. Success Is the Best 
Revenge, which has its British 
television premiere on Thurs- 
day (Channel 4. 9.30- 

Skolimowski's theme is foe 
artist in exile, one that has 
become an increasing concern 
during foe years be has been 
forced to work outside his 
native Poland. For much of 
this time Skolimowski has 
been based in Britain, where 
from Deep End onwards he 
has made a series of idiosyn- 
cratic and highly personal 

Though be has assimilated, 
himself in Western culture, 
Skolimowski has retained an 
emotional allegiance to his 
homeland and shared the 
agonies of Poland's recent 
history. In Moonlighting he 
exprefeed these ideas through 
a group of Polish building 
workers doing up a house in 
London while awaiting news 
of the Solidarity crisis back 

Success Is the Best Revenge 
takes foe process a stage 
further by exploring foe expe- 
rience of exile through differ- 
ent generations and at foe 
same time bringing the argu- 
ment much closer to 
Skolimow5kfs own position. 
Indeed apart from foe casting 
of Michael York. Success Is 
the Best Revenge is very nearly 
a family affair. 

York plays Alex, a Polish 
theatre director who has just 

been allowed to leave the 
country and joins his wife and 
two sons in London. He has 
tended to come to terms with 
his exile. He is successful and 
does not have the urgency to 
get back home. Not so his 
rebellious 1 6-year-old sou, 
Adam, who secretly plans to 
return to Warsaw. 

The divergence in attitudes 
comes into focus through a 
theatrical “happening” staged 
by Alex which takes its audi- 
ence on a tour of recent Polish 
history. It brings Alex face-to- 
face with the guilt he feels at 
his tacit acceptance of exile 

Success Is the Best Revenge 
is based on a short story by 
Skolomowskj’s son, who has 
foe Anglicised name of Mi- 
chael Lyndon and effectively 
[days himself in the film. 
Skolimowski's other son, 
George, and wife, Joanna 
Szczerbic, take the other prin- 
cipal roles and the house 
where the action is set is foe 
Skolimowski's own, the same 
house that was renovated in 
Moonlighting. : 


Topkapi (1964): Jolly 
robbery caper set in Istanbul 
which brought Peter 
Ustinov an Oscar (BBCT. 
today, 6.35'8.35pm). 

Bitty Budd (1962): Ustinov 
again, with drama on an 18th 
century warship (Channel 4, 
llpm-1 ,05am). 

Pandora and the Flying 
Dutchman (1950): Surreal 
fantasy with Ava Gardner 
and James Mason (BBC1 , 
tomorrow, 4.05-6.Q5pm). 
Badlands (1973k Martin 
Sheen and Sissy Spacek as 
criminals on the run (BBC2, 
tomorrow. 10.1 0-1 1.40pm). 
A Midsummer Night’s 
Dream (1984): Shakespeare 
according to the Lindsay 

** ~ x fimn rnmnanv fChannp) 4 over inunuusm, ju 

leatre director who has just S. P 1 tionalism and jingoism. 

Baby batterers’ cry for help 

Battered Baby (BBC2, Mon. 
8.10-9pm) could well have 
been one of those docu- 
dramas from the Ken Loach- 
Tony Garnett stable. In fact, it 
is the first of two Horizon 
programmes on foe baffling 
conundrum of why parents 
assault and sometimes (till 
their tiny oflspring. 

The programme uses a dis- 
tillation or several case histor- 
ies. improvised by a group of 
actors so convincingly that it 
is bard to realize you are not 
watching real people. 

Teased out through inter- 
views, foe story is of an eight- 
week-old baby girl admitted to 
hospital with a broken arm 
and multiple bruising. The 
monosyllabic, inarticulate 
parents, nervously puffing on 
cigarettes, prevaricate and ad- 
mit nothing. 


Gradually the background 
is pieced together, of a baby 
crying for hours on end, a 
dim-wined mother unable to 
cope, a father coming in drunk 
and demanding his dinner and 
lashing out if it is not ready. 

It seems to have less to do 
with social deprivation than 
basic human frailty. Certainly 
it is a story without villains, 
told with conviction and cal- 
culated to puncture foe tough- 
est hide of complacency. 

.Dr Robert Runcie is Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and 
Ronnie Corbett is not but the 
chat show makes mortals of us 
all. In Home on Sunday 

(BBCI. tomorrow, 6.40- 
7.15pm) Dr Runcie talks to 
Cliff Michelmore about his 
life and chooses his favourite 
music Desert Island Discs for 
the God slot 

Which makes a neat link 
with Favourite Things (BBC2, 
tomorrow. 8.05-&35pm), a 
show started by foe late Roy 
Plomley and inherited by 
Richard Baker. Kicking off a 
new series, the smaller Ronnie 
bakes bread, walks his dogs 
round foe golf course and 
chats about his life. 

The Demon Lover (ITV, 
today, 9.15-10. 1 5pm), is a 
ghost story by Elizabeth Bow- 
en set in London and Berk- 
shire during foe Second World 
War. Dorothy Turin is a 
woman who receives a letter 
from a fiance presumed killed 
in 1916. 


Codes, aggression and double cross 


A missed chance 


' -r *r :, b 

The language of bidding 
embraces its own vocabulary 
and syntax which all good 
players, respect Sp eaking 
again ' after a pre-emptive bid 
^and trap bidding are two sins 
^ which are universally con- 
demned. ' • . 

Many years ago. I was 
playing in ;a teams event in . 
Blankenburg. ' This was foe . 
bidding at gap 5 ® alt ' 

3* . 49 4 + :3V 

50 DW Mo WO 

No - _ t 

This' contract went- -one-' 
down; which seems unimpor- 
tant except that five -hearts, 
which I as- East 'was itching to 

double, ■ would have cost 
1700. I -was not pleased, and 
regrettably' showed - ft The 
Wnridenf has been, enshrined 
in Biidgo patois with ..jfoe 
expressions ’ “doing a 
Blankenburg” / 

Are the rules completely 
inflexible? Even strict gram- 
marians . . will countenance . 
some . thrusting , , neologisms . 
but such heady stuff must be : 
kept out of reach of the 
.children,.., - . 

% This 'tend rftohi Tounia- . 
menu - Bridge, - where foe 
advantage of an economical 
sacrifice is esperiafly sagnifi- - 
canL_; -illustrates^ foe draw- 
backs. of the rigid approach. 


North-South game .. . 
D&fef/N&fo • vVi* J 

'w- u 

♦ A882 

■ S?,4 

♦ B7S5. 

♦ KOHO043 
VA ■ 

o cno . 

♦ KJ4 


V S3*' 

O 907a 
♦.A 0932 

♦ 7: 

O K65 

* 10 - 

. - then " punishes . him by 
. un pardonably bidding four 

Bui if there was no excuse 
.for South. in that sequence, 

. .ibis one confronts him with a 
genuine dilemma - •• 

Game all 

North South + 60 
Dealer West 





• 1«7 

• No 



36 • 




’ No 





W- \ N E , S 

Here, if South passes,' West 
will make .four. spades while 
. North-South can make five 
hearts. Admittedly an .ex- 
: trexhe. case; .'bin' to cater for 
this Sheehan' and’ I agreed 
, ; lhat4f South, with a hand of 
exceptional distribution; 
wishes .fo- reopen, he' may 
-double;- -leaving foe final 
’ decision, to North. 

The effect is. that with a- 
defenave : : hand,, including 
secondary, values in spades, 
North may pass, otherwise.’ 
return to South's’ suit .. . 

Trap Inddipg goes anrecog-^ 
nized.,at foe vicarage, where, 
no stigma attaches to -a 
Sequence fife'. ibis 

w : 

■ 'E 

; s'. -. 

r ■ 

■ _■ 

. i» ■ 


■20 " ' 


No ■ 


•. NO 

" . 




Poof North -loyally 
scratches up a ..competitive 
bid/of three spades, and 
. South, who was consent to let 
East-West play ttapr. hearts. 

Suppose South holds: 



r O A J64 

:. 3A9 

- IfNorfoiias a good raise to 
two spades. South would like 
to' be' in. game, otherwise 
three spades would be 
enough.' For .Tournament 
players die answer lies in foe 
“game fry double”. • The 
infrequency of wishing to 
double' foe opponents at the 
three a suit they have 
bid and supported liberates 
tifeVcafl. for a more useful 
•purpose: ~ 

. ' Very occasionally.- logic 
rather than partnership un- 
derstanding justifies an ap- 
parent “double cross’*.. North, 
air nUemational {flayer, was 
playing with a partner of 
equal stature when he held 
this-banti' . - 

• UB72 
• O AKJfl. 

• - ♦ 70 4 3 

This is bow foe bidding 
unfolded: . 1 

To bid six spades seems a 
blatant double cross. But is 
it? There are several strong 
pointers in' favour of aggres- 
sion. The presence of foe 
part-score accounts . for 
South's initial quiet bid. But, 
fortified by a simple raise, he 
bids four spades and then 
•five spades. West’s bidding is 
also indicative. He has made 
a game try but. despite its 
acceptance and East's bid of 
five hearts, he has not 
doubled five spades — let 
alone four. 

. The explanation must be 
-that South, has exceptional 
shape. In which case. South's 
refusal to pre-empt also 
promises a strong band. On 
that .basis. South should have 
enough tricks. Furthermore, 
North’s three small hearts 
should guarantee that foe 
defence cannot take foe first 
two heart nicks. South held: 

3 KOJ 10 67653 
7 16 

4 AS • • 

On this ■ occasion, "flair” 
would, have been better than 

... - Jeremy Flint 

| Preparations for the Centena- 
ry World Championship to 
be held in London are now 
well under way. Dr Nikolai 
Krogius of the USSR Chess 
Federation has just complet- 
ed his trip of inspection and 
pronounced himself satisfied 
with our arrangements. 

Meanwhile, Steve Doyle, 
President of foe United 
Slates Chess Federation, ac- 
companied by policy board 
member Woody Harris, are 
due in London this weekend 
to discuss ways and means of 
utilizing the centenary to 
promote chess in the USA. 
Evidently, the London-Lenin- 
grad split this time neatly 
echoes the New York. St 
Louis. New Orteans distribu- 
tion of games for the inaugu- 
ral Sieinitz-Zukertort match 
of 1886. 

Anatoly Karpov has won 
Bugojno. his final event 
before foe Championship 
with the fine score of 8Vs/14. 
Here is the exciting finish of 
his first game with Tony 
Miles, a game in which the 
English Olympic number one 
missed an outstanding chance 
of victory. See diagram. 

White: Karpov: Black: 

Position after White's 33rd 

Karpov has the makings of a 
mating attack in the Queen’s 
Rook's file. One threat, for 
example, is N-B5! Now. 
however. Miles launches one 

of those surprise counterat- 
tacks for which he is justly 

33 - BxP! 3C R-OT 

If 34 RxB N-Q5ch wins. 

34 _ KWK2] sPeh 

35 Pifl R-K7ca 

36 K-aa ncn sr kxr nmi 
38 ItaB HA* Bfcttl MR 
40 K-Q2 N-N5? 

Letting slip a chance to win: 

40 . . i N-B5ch followed 
by . . . N-K.4 leaves Karpov 
struggling. Now the former 
champion swiftly consoli- 

41 BxM P*B 42 WH PW 
43 N-OS N-K4 *4 3-H5 K-OI 
45 K-K3 MQ 40 K-Q4 N-BG 
47 MW PXM 44 B-QQ K-X2 
49 3xP K-B3 SO K«4 K-N4 
51 047 P-04di 

Draw Agreed 

For information about tickets 
to the opening ceremony and 
games of -the forthcoming 
London World Champion- 
ship. telephone John Boon or 
Susie. King at American 
Express. 01-637 8600. 

Raymond Keene 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday. June 26. 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. 1 Pennington Street. London. E1X9. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday. June 28. 1986. 


1 Sudden disaster (I I) 

9 Gourmet (7> 

10 Steam bath (5) 

11 Consume (3) 

13 Neglect todoN) 

16 Indian dress (4t 

17 Shrine prophec> (6) 

18 Askew (4l 

20 Short no?e<4) 

21 Two-hoooded car- 
riage (6) 

22 Misfortunes (4) 

23 Net (4) 

25 Sink underweight (3) 

28 perfect (5) 

29 Not gregarious (7) 

30 High treason (4.7) 


2 Excuse (5) 

3 Fever (4) 

5 EkS (4? 1> W> SOLUTION TO NO «8l 

6 Lon> transport (7) Raffle SShann I Yd 9 Foi- 

7 Noiewonhv obiecis >0 Engulf 11 Leer 12 Abrasive 14 

7 Noteworthy Objects Brcech |7Dcrfvc 19 Pu^h-bike 22 Saw » 

8 US political centre 25 Liffcx 26 Ore 27 Usurer 28 Re- 


12 RefermditKth (6) qq^. z.Alone 3Rtbcrgc 4E>e!ash S 

14 Pia>ihing(3) Steer 6 Aegis 7 Tel Aviv J3Acc iSRau- 

15 Seaside lent (6) cous 16 Cob 17 Dweller 18 Restful 20 

19 Bringaidf?) Hidcr 21 Ichor 23Guca 

20 Silent (3) 

24 Decree (51 The vinncrs of prize m)nscStiV~bafr: 

25 Blackthorn (4j Jnftn l atctUinr. II endmer Court. Chihrm Sinn. 

26 Fesii val (4) mv bnultm. and Sirs ti II illis. Mam Road. 

27 Sheltered bav 14) Drayum Panda*. Milton Kcmcs, Bucks. 

SOLUTION TO NO 976 Uwt Saturday's prize concise) ■ 

ACROSS: 1 Non scquiiur 9 Antenna 10 Nappe II Yea 13 Can 16 
Make 17 Arabic iSPIop 20 Sana 21 Futile 22 Raid 23 Taxi 25 
Fh 28 Space 39 Hairpin 30 Silly season 
DOWN: 2 Otter 3 Sand 4 Quay 51ona 6 Uppsala 7 Catch 
phrase 8 Vegetarians 12 Elixir *I4Tap 15 Saluki 19 Origami 20 
Sm 24 Appro 25 Fed 26 Thus 27 Visa 


»».» — ; > .v • 


OFF THE RAILS: Jon Voight and 
Eric Roberts play escaped convicts 
hurtling through Alaska on a 
Runaway Train (18), a powerful 
action drama based on a script by 
Kurosawa. Warner West End (01-439 
0791), Cannon Haymarket(01-839 
1527). from Friday. 

IN THE MOOD: Glenn Miller was 
lost during a flight over the English 
Channel in the Second World War. 
But his style lives on and so does his 
orchestra, perpetrating the 
indelible clarinet-led sound. Royal 
Festival Hall (01-928 3131). 
tonight, 7.30pm. 

MacDonald succeeds Roger Cook 
as radio's consumer champion in 
Face the Facts, the successor to 

«>///) <h.i ir«l*!7*Ti7|gir»?»l , i73 

same fearless exposes of injustice, 
incompetence and fraud. Radio 4, 
Wednesday, 7 .20-7.45 pm. 



ORKNEY FIRST: Peter Maxwell 
Davies gives his Violin Concerto its 
world premiere on Orkney, where 
he lives, with Isaac Stem as soloist 
and Andre Previn conducting the 
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. Live 
coverage on BBC2 and Radio 3, 




Vladimir Ashkenazy conducts 
. the English Chamber 
.. Orchestra in Richard Strauss's 
Metamorphosen. Dvorak's 
Songs of Nature. 

St John's. Smith Square. 
London SW1 (01-222 1061). 
Today, 7.30pm. 

• BPO/SNAPE: Hugh 

r Maguire conducts the Britten- 
Pears Orchestra in 
'Vaughan Williams's Tallis 
Fantasia, Cofin Matthews's 
- Divertimento. 

The Maltings, Snaps, 

-Suffolk (072 8853543). Today. 

■ 8pm. 


' Wattsmarks the centenary of 
: Liszt's death with the 
Sonata, Paganini Etudes, items 
.from Annees da Peterinage 
and late works. 

Royal Festival Hail, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
31 91 , credit cards 01 -928 
8800). Tomorrow, 3.15pm. 


• Haydn's Symphony No 1 00 
"Military" and Kodaly's Hary 
Janos Suite, Ivo Pogorelich 
solos in Prokofiev's Piano 
Concerto No 3. 

Barbican Centre. 

Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

Preston, (above) organist of 
Westminster Abbey, gives 
arecital in aid of Westminster 
Children's Hospital. Works 
by Elgar, Handel, Uszt, Saint- 

Westminster Abbey (credit 
cards 01-379 6433). Wed, 


hugely successful band takes 
to the open air, with the 
Waterboys. Lloyd Cole and the 
egregious Doctor and the 
Med&s in support 
Today and tomorrow, 

Milton Keynes Bowl 
(information from 01-741 

Tonight the Glenn Miller 
Orchestra: on Mon, the 
Modem Jazz Quartet will 
doubtless prove itself as 
perfectly balanced and 
serenely creative as ever 

on Tues, John McLaughlin 
presents a new edition of 
the Maha vishnu Orchestra, 
once the fastest and 
fiercest exponents of the jazz- 
rock fusion. 

From tonight, Festival Hall, 
London Sfl (01-928 3191). 

jazz and probably a little gentle 
West Coast rock too, from 
the singer of “Midnight at the 

Mon to Sat Ronnie Scott's 
Club, London W1 (01-439 

somewhere between J. J. Cate 
and Val Doonican, Williams 
brings a neighbourly charm to 
his consoling country ballads. 
Tues, Hammersmith 
Odeon, London W6 (01-748 


OPERA: Donizetti's Mary 
Stuart can be seen tonight 
Tues and Fri (all at 7.30pm). 
Dvorak's Rusalka 
continues on Wed and next Sat 
at 7pm, with Birtwistle's 
The Mask of Orpheus on Thurs 
at 7pm. 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 31 61) 

ROYAL OPERA: Tonight at 
7.30pm Eugene Onegin. Sir 
Colin Davis conducts. And 
on Wed, also at 7.30pm 
Britten's A Midsummer 
Nights Dream. 

Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1066). 

Herring this afternoon and Mon 
at 5.35pm. Tomorrow at 
4.35pm and next Sat at 
•5.35pm, Monteverdi's The 
Coronation of Poppea.Then on 
Fri at 5.50pm, Simon 

Glyndeboume, Lewes, East 
Sussex (0273 812411). 


Rake's Progress is in 
Nottingham tonight 
Manchester on Thurs. It is 
accompanied by Gounod's 
Faust on Tues and Fri, and 
Mozart's Don Giovanni on 
Wed and Sat All performances 
begin at 7.15pm. . 

Theatre Royal, Nottingham 
(0602 42328/9). Palace 
Theatre, Manchester (061 

OPERA: Berg's Wozzeckends 
the WNO's week in Oxford 
and goes to Birmingham on 
Thurs. Also The Barber of 
Seville (Wed and Sat) and 
0feft?(Tues and Fri). AH - 
performances at 7.15pm, 

Apollo Theatre, Oxford 

Hippodrome (021 6227486). 

Anthony Besch's version of 
Tosca (Tues and Thurs at 

Eden Court Theatre, 
Bishop's Road, Inverness 
(0463 221718). 

The shepherd boy who slew Goliath. 

The youth who led his generation in rebellion. 
The hero who inspired his people to glory. 


"930 r 736 

2i5i4Sa3Q UM 








— ABC IfflJS 





D«M3 correct mime of aabtg to preaj 




Frantic romantic comedy in 
search of freshness and 
finesse as an unmarried couple 
try to renovate a crumbling 
old house. 

Plaza (01-437 1234). From 

Documentary portrait of the 
rock musician Sting (above) 
preparing in Paris for an album 
ana concert tour directed 
by Michael Apted. 

Prince Claries (01-437 
8181). From FrL 


POLICE (15): Maurice 
Pialat's brooding thriller, with 
Gerard Depardieu as a 
tough inspector. 

Lumiere (01-836 0691), 

Renoir (01-837 8402), Cannon 
Chelsea (01-352 5096). 

AFTER HOURS (15): Martin 
Scorsese's provocative film 
combines the pleasures of 
a beautifully -played farce with 
a bleak nightmare about 
urban angst. With Griffith 

Renoir (01-837 8402), Gate 
Netting Hill (01-221 0220). 


the last week of its London 
season. Today, Mon and 
Tues the programme is 
Christopher Bruce's new 
Ceremonies with Glen Tetley's 
Pierrot Lunaire and Richard 
Alston's Java. Jave continues 
in the final programme 
(Wed-June 28) with Tetley's 
Ricercare, Michael Clark s 
Swamp and the premiere of 
Ashley Page's ballet to 
Harrison Birtwistle's Carmen 
Arcadiae Mechanicae 

Sadlers Weils (01-278 

ROYAL BALLET completes 
its week at Birmingham today 
with matinee and evening 
Derformances of Ashton s 

Dream plus Jin' Kylian s Return 
to the Strange Land. Back 
in London, two performances 
of Giselle with Ravenna 
Tucker (Mon) and Maria 

Birmingham Hippodrome 
(021 622 7486); Covent Garden 

THEATRE: At Bradford today, 
two showings of The 
Nutcracker, then at Crewe, 
Thurs -June 28. a triple bill 
including Michael Corder's 
new Ancient Airs and Dances. 

Alhambra, Bradford (0274 
742000): Lyceum, Crewe (0270 


WESSEX: Fay Godwin .one 
of my favourite landscape 
photographers .has the 
uncanny ability to evoke mood 
and atmosphere through 
clouds, trees and stones. 

Fox Talbot Museum, 

Lacock, Chippenham, Wilts 
(024 973 459). 



NEAPTIDE: Award-winning 
play by Sarah Daniels. John 
burgess directs. 

Cottesloe (01-9282252). 
Previews Thurs, Fri, June 28. 
Opens July 2. 



Jamaican drama, set in 1937 in 
the aftermath of the a killing 
of a white estate owner by a 
black worker. Yvonne 
Brewster directs the Talawa 
Theatre company in Dennis 
Scott's play. 

Drill Hall Arts Centre. 16 
Chenies Street, London WC1 
(01-637 8270). Previews 
Tues and Wed. Opens Thurs. 

couples meet on a camping 
holiday in France, 1968, 
after the Paris riots. 

Young Vic Studio, 66 The 
Cut, London SE1 (01-928 
6363). From Tues. 


SHAWL: David Mamefs new 
double bill, well served by 
David de Keyset Michael 
Feast and Connie Booth. 
Theatre Upstairs (01-730 

Dunaway graces Donald 
Freed’s messy foray into 
nudear politics with mesmeric 
vigour. Directed by Harold 

Hampstead (01-722 9301). 


BLACKPOOL: Run For Your 
Wife: Long-running farce m a 
touring version, starring 
Les Dawson, Eric Sykes. 

The Grand (0253 28372). 

Relapse: Richard Briers Is 
Lord Foppington in the 
classic 1 7th-century comedy 
by Sir John Vanbrugh. 

Festival Theatre (0243 
781312). Previews Mon and . 
Tues, opens Wed. 

the Madding Crowd: World 
premiere of Vilma 
HoHingbbery's adaptation of 
the Thomas Hardy novel. 

Royal Theatre (0604 
32533). Opens Thurs. 

Days: Elizabeth Seal, Mary 
Lincoln, head the cast of a 
new production of the popular 
musical, directed by 
Kenneth Alan -Taylor. Transfers 
to the Churchill. Bromley, in 

Playhouse (0602 41 941 9). 
Opens Wed. 



OPERA: Subscription booking 
open for autumn season, 
with new production of The 
Mikado (by Jonathan 
Miller), Cavalieria 
Rusticanal PagUacci. 

Carmen, and premiere of 
Janacek's The Diary of One 
mo Disappeared. 

ENO. London Coliseum. St 
Martins Lane, London WC2 
(01-836 2699). 

BALLET: Summer season 
includes Coppelia. Giselle. 
Onegin. La Sytphide, Aureole 
and Frederick Ashton’s 
Romeo and Juliet. Also world 
premiere of work by 
Aug 16. 

South Bank Concert Halls, 
London SE1 (01-9283191). 

FESTIVAL: Newcastle's 
seafaring history is focus of 
this years festival, with 
concerts featuring musk: by 
Debussy and Britten and 
performances of Treasure 

Island and The Tempest. July 

Ticket Office. Newcastle 
Central Library, Princess 
Square. Newcastle (091 


Ends tomorrow with tribute to 
Sir Peter Pears with works 
by Britten. Schubert and 
Lutoslawski. Box Office, 

Aide burgh Foundation. High 
Street Aldetourgh, Suffolk 
(072-B85 3543). 

For ticket avaOablhy, 
performance and openmg 
times, telephone die 
numbers listed. Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martitf 
Cropper: Concerts: Max 
Harrison; Films: Geoff 
Brown; Opera: Stephen 
Pettitt; Rock & Jazz: 
Richard Williams; Dance: 
John Perdvak Galleries: 
Sarah Jane Checktand; 
Photography: Michael . 
■Young; Bookings: Anne 

...... V.yni 


T he clamorous lale- 
jiight revellers, sing- 
ing a ragged refrain 
in, a Dublin hotel bar 
on St Patrick’s Day. 
were doubtless unaware that 
the reserved young man oppo- 
site. who was knocking back a 
fair share of Guinness himself, 
may soon become the patron 
saint of a more traditional sort 
of American music. 

But when Robert Cray lakes 
the stage tomorrow before an 
estimated crowd of 50.000 at 
the Glastonbury Festival, be 
will do so knowing that he is 
the first black blues musician 
in more than two decades to 
make the transition from play- 
ing British clubs and theatres 
to the major concert stage. •• 
Not since rock' audiences 
belatedly discovered the work 
of such first generation electric 
blues singers as Muddy Wa- 
ters and BB King, has a similar 
performer made such critical 
and commercial inroads on 
the mainstream of popular 
music and while he has yet to 
secure a bona fide hit. Cray's 
last album. False Accuseuions. 
topped the independent chart 
m Britain (the first blues act 
ever to do so). At only 32. he 
may be poised to become one 
of the greatest biuesmen vet. 

While blues buffs refer to 
the purity and expressiveness - 
of his extraordinary guitar- 
playing technique. there seems 
liule doubt that the key to 
Cray's success lies in his 
ability to blend the nuances of 
a great soul-singing voice with 
a crisp, up-dated blues style 
Unlike other latter-day per- 
formers, he has contributed a 
new body of possibilities to 
the blues form, instead of. 
borrowing further from the 
considerably depleted original 

'■We're working in a blues- 
based direction", he says, “but . 
keeping the Eighties m mind. 
We'll use a few extra chords, 
but the lyrics will always have 
something to do with the 

Despite his liking for a 
cigarette and the odd pint of 
Irish sioul Cray is the antithe- 
sis of the hard-drinking, low- 
living. biuesman stereotype 

American singer 
Robert Cray talks 
about a soulful , 
revival on the eve 
of his first major 
British concert 

Born in Georgia. Cray lived in 
Washington DC California. 
Alabama. Philadelphia -and 
Germany before he reached 
his teens. He was living in 
Virginia when he started his 
first high school band in the 
mid-Sixties. using a J69 Har- 
mony guitar his mother had 
bought for him while his 
lather was serving in Vietnam. 

“When I got to Virginia I 
heard the coolest music. There 
was a whole Southern soul 
scene on the radio. — the 
Stax/yolt stuff, the. Atlantic 
sound. Sam and Dave. James 
and Bobby Purify. Then along 
came Jimi' Hendrix and 
Cream and I got swept up by 
all those new electric sounds.” 

But Cray was not taken with 
the flamboyant spirit of rebel- 
lion attendant on the psyche- 
delic Sixties: “I didn't have a 
big afro or wear a headband". 

While living in Washington 
DC again in 1969. two events 
changed his life. He saw the 
veteran blues guitarist Albert 
Collins at a rock festival. 
“That was it. I started study- 
ing blues. particularly learning 
all the Albert Collins, 
material.” Later, .in 1976. he 
was to end up playing in 
Collins's backing band. 

. Ini 969 C ray also met a bass 
player called Richard Cousins. 
In 1 972 they formed their first 
group and Cousins is still 
performing with Cray today. 
His outgoing presence and 
keen business sense has been a 
key factor in the realization of 
Cray's talent. . .. 

“When we first started to- 
gether. I was too scared to 
speak to the audience", says 
Cray. “Richard would intro- 
duce the songs, and Fd sing 

v..: c - * 

them. I was too shy to speak to 

When Mick Jagger turned 
up backstage at one of Cray's 
concerts at the Hammersmith 
Odeon. both Cray and Cous- 
ins were overawed. “He was 
being so friendly and straight- 
forward, and we just stood 
there like two tongue-tied 
schoolchildren". Cray remem- 
bers. “We should nave han- 
dled that better.” 

His modesty and shyness are 
balanced by a steely resolve to 
keep a firm grip on his life and 
his career, and to learn from 
mistakes, both his own and 
the other people's. He has seen 
loo many -great blues - musi- 
cians playing substandard 
shows because they allowed 
the promoter to hire mediocre 
pick-up backing bands: too 
many musicians failing to 
come to grips with the machi- 
nations of the record industry, 
and too many destructive egos 
at work. 

O ver and over again 
I've looked at the 
problems that oth- 
er people have got 
themselves into, 
and thought ‘I don't ever want 
to be stuck in a situation like 
that'. I've looked and watched 
most carefully, and tried to 
keep aware of what is good for! 
my music and my business.! 
and what is not.” 

But what of the sorrows that 
are supposed to fuel the 
-biuesman's muse? Sitting qui- 
etly and attentively in his 
hotel room.. he does not seem 
a troubled man. Of his own 
regrets he will only say: “1 
miss having a stable home life. 
I split up with my girlfriend 
last April, and it's hard to keep 
a relationship together when 
you're away as much as I am. 
But Tm not going to change 
my life for one woman; I can 
deal with packing my. bag 
every morning.” . . 

David Sinclair 

The Glastonbuiy Festival 
takes place at Worthy Farm, 
PIHon. Somerset-with the 
Cure and Uoyd Cole appearing- 
today and the Robert Cray 
band and Level 42 tomorrow . 


No strings 

Yet another dropped brick 
from the Victoria and Albert 
Museum. This time it has let 
slip the opportunity to stage a 
unique and lucrative exhibi- 
tion on the 250th anniversary - 
of Srradharius's death. 

Between 30 and 40 of the 
6CO Stradivari still extant had 
been pledged after London 
dealer and connoisseur 
Charles Beam trawled the 
market of willing owners. 
Musicians including Sir Yehu- 
di Menuhin and Yo Yo Ma 
had indicated their willingness 
to take part m associated 
concerts, yet the V & A finally 
turned the project down. Our 
loss win be the Italians' gain: 
much of Beam's three-year 
spadework will now be incor- 
porated into a similar festival 
at Cremona, the home of 
Stradivari us. “The V & A has 
missed an opportunity to stage 
something which would have 
given it great international 
kudos", says Beare. “I was 
angry, but after what's been 
happening there recently it's 
probably safer not to have 
such valuable instruments un- 
der its roof anyway." 

Pas de film 

The BBC have been playing 
Russian roulette with the 
Bolshoi Ballet, due here next 
month fortheir first tour in 12 
yeas. After sending a docu- 
mentary team to the Soviet 
Union, it is left with an 
incomplete film following the 
decision by Yuri Grigorovich. 
the ballei's omnipotent direc- 
tor. not to be interviewed. 
This may have been some- 
thing. or nothing, to do with 
the fact That interviews had 
already been completed with 
the two great Bolshoi stars. 
Vladimir Vasiliev and 
Katrina Maximova, neither of 
whom have been invited to 
Britain. In any event Alan 
Yentob. the BBC's head of 
music and arts, found himself 
on a flight to the Soviet ' 
Union, although only time 
will tell whether his interces- 
sions have had an effect 

Set peace 

Art and life were on a collision 
course the other night when 
the chess champion Viktor 
Korchnoi turned up at the ' 
Prince Edward Theatre to see 
Tim Rice's musical Chess. In 
the piece is a barely-veiled 
representation of Korchnoi, in 
the shape of Tommy Korberg. 

Kdrberg and Korchnoi 

and the temperamental mas- 
ter had flown all the way from 
Switzerland to witness this 
portrayal. In the event he was 
tickled pink: “He was very 
entertained and highly 
amused, especially about the 
references to the KGB” says a 
friend. So far so good . 

• Can the soprano Rita H out- 
er be serious as she goes about 
her nationwide tour of Britain? 
In praise of her undoubted 
talent , the concert bills are 
quoting the critic of the Sydney 
Morning. Herald : “Miss Hunt- 
er has a voice like a howitzer, - 
the shrapnel of its notes 
penetrating any normal aadi- 
tpriom she commands.” 

Arty parties 

While the Summer Exhibition 
is packing 'em in at the Royal 
Academy, a scheme only re- 
cently fully im piemen ted « 
ensuring the institutions fi- 
nancial health. Private parties 
in the. exhibition rooms are 
being held at night with hosts 
ranging from pharmaceutical 
companies to the smart Riu 
casino, which will add a hefty 
£40.000 profit to the. year's 
takings. • 

Christopher Wilson; 

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Derek Stanesby 

Religion embracing reason 



^ 21? Queen, wifo The 
" of Hrabuiglu honoured 
% Races w«h her presence 
■ today. 

Xaptain the Hob Nicholas 
Beaumont, had the honour of 
being received by The Queen 
when Her Majesty invested him 
with the. Insignia of a Com- 
mander of ibe Royal Victorian 
, Order.-. 

The Prince Edward, Chair- 
man Of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award 30th 
Anniversary Tribute Project, 
this, evening attended a Ball at 
Luton Hoo. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
June 20: The Prince of Wales. 
President, The Prince's Trust, 
accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, this evening attended a 
Gala-Rock Concert, to celebrate 
the 10th Anniversary of the 
Trust, at Wembley Arena. 

- Miss Anne Bedcwhh-Smith 
and Mr David Roycrofi were in 

June 20: The Princess Margaret. 
. Countess of Snowdon, this after- 
noon visited Cheltenham Gen- 
eral Hospital for the 
Inauguration of the Radiation 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by Her 
Majesty's. Lord Lieutenant for 
Gloucestershire (Colonel Mar- 
tin Gibbs). 

^The Princess Margaret, 
.Countess of Snowdon, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right, was attended by 
Mrs Jane Stevens. 

June 20: The Dolce of Kent. 
President of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution, today 
named’ the new lifeboat at 
Cromer. Norfolk. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

Prince William of Wales is four 
years old today. 


Lord Lloyd of XHgerran, QC 
Lord Lloyd of Kiigerran. QC 
entertained, members of the 
Surrey branch of the Cambridge 
Society at dinner in the House of 
Lords last night 

Apothecaries' Society 
The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Sheriffs, was present at a 
dinner given last night at 
Apothecaries' Hall by Professor 
J.A. Dudgeon, Master of the 
Apothecaries' Society of Loo- 
don. Mr W.F.W. Southwood, 
Senior Warden, Dr J J\ Fisher, 
Junior Warden, and members of 
the court and assistants. 

Old Pauline Club 
The annual dinner of the Old 
Paiiime Club was held last night 
at St Paul's School in honour of 
Mr Warwick Hele, retiring high 
master. The speakers were Mr 
John Thom. Mr R.S. Baldock, 
Air Chief Marshal Sir’ Lewis 
Hodges, president of the dub. 
and the high master. 

Service dinners 

The Dsrhan Light Infantry 
The annual dinner for officers of 
The Durham Light Infantry 
Dinner Cub and their ladies 
was held last night ax the Naval 
and Military Cub. ZJeutemmt- 
Cojond R. B. Humphreys pre- 
sided. Lieutenant-Colonel R. J. 
M. Garrett Commanding Offi- 
cer. Seventh Battalion The Light 
Infantry, and Mrs Garrett were 
the guests. 

Skrivenham C3ofc 
The annual dinner of the 
Shriven ham Chib was held. last 
night at the Royal Military 
College of Science. Shrivenbam. 
Sir Frank Cooper was the prin- 
cipal guest and Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir ‘ Richard’ Vincent 
presided. Brigadier .G Tyler, 
chairman ■ of the- dub; was 

Rossail School 

The Council of Rossail School 
has appointed Mr RJXW. 
Rhodes, Headmaster of Arnold 
School. Blackpool to be Head- 
master of RossaU in September. 
1987. when Dr John Sharp is 
due to retire. 


Order of St John 
Ear! Cat heart. Lord Prior of St 
John, accompanied by Countess 
Cathcart, was host last night at a 
reception given by the Order of | 
St John of Jerusalem at the 
Banqueting House, Whitehall 
for members of the order and St 
John Ambulance. 

Baker Sc McKenzie . 

The Partners of Baker & 
McKenzie were hosts at a 
reception held last night at 
Guildhall for clients, overseas 
partners and other friends of the 
firm to mark the twenty fifth 
anniversary of the opening of j 
the London office. 

Garden party 

Butte rwortli & Co 
The Editor and Publishers of the 
AH England Law Reports. 
Butterworth &Co, were hosts at 
a garden party held on Thurs- , 
day. on The Benchers' Lawn of | 
Lincoln’s Inn, to celebrate -fifty 
years of publication of the All 
England Law Reports. 

The speakers were Mr Gordon 
Graham,- Chairman of! 
Butterworths, Lord Goff of] 
Chieveley and "Mr Peter 
Hutchesson, Editor of the AU 
England Law Reports. Hie j 
guests induded: 

The Hfgri CamintataiMr tor I 
Zealand and Mrs Hartand. Lord 
Denning. Lord Ackner. Lord Brandon 
of Dak Brook. Lord Oliver of 

S* L 5Sn *£££ & 

Nicolas Browne-WUUnsdo. Sir John 
Batembe. Sir Stephen Brown. Sir 
Room and LadyCook*. Sir Davtfl 
Croorn- Johnson. Sir -Michael - and 

Anthony Lloyd. Sir John and Lady 
May. sir Robert Memory. Sir Brian 
New. Sir Donald Nlchoas. Sir Martin 
Mourn. Sir Patrick cr Conner. Sir ' 
Roorr Parker, and Sir tasker and 
Lady watkina. 

Is it reasonable to be religious or is 
religious ' commitment an essentially 
irrational affair? The fashionable ten- 
dency to applaud religion as irrational a 
mailer of “faith” not reason has been 
explicitly supported by contributors to 
these columns,' 

It has been maintained that rational 
argument has no place in religious 
discourse: that religion is in a sphere 
beyond reason and is concerned with 
those mysteries beyond man's compre- 
hension. The contrast is frequently 
made with science which, it is said, is as- 
sociated with the intellect and in which 
we can have certain ly. experimental 
verification and demonstrative proof 

The function of religion, ft, is claimed, 
is to add a spiritual dimension to life 
which science cannot do. and that of 
science is to develop a rational system of 
knowledge which religion cannot do. 

Further, it has been maintained, 
science and rationality are associated 
with the male characteristics of drive 
and assertiveness, science is active and 
exploratory, whereas religion is associ- 
ated with the feminine characteristics of 
intuition, passivity and receptivity, with 
all that is poetic and imaginative. 
Rationality, it is said, pours cold water 
on our passions and stifles the voice of 
the heart. 

This assertion that religion is some- 
how beyond reason and rational argu- 
ment is dangerous nonsense. It is 
nonsense because it involves a confused 
and often contradictory account of 
reason and rationality and ft is danger- 
ous because religion without reason 
leads as often as not to intolerance and 
ultimately to violence. 

On a wider front the fasionable cult 
of irrationalism, closely linked to 
notions of relativism, is one of the 
disturbing features in society today, not 
least because ft suggests that there can 
be no rational discussion of beliefs with 
respect of objective truth or falisty. 

The argument for an all-embracing 
irrationalism (all truth is relative) is self- 
defeating. The assertion that there is no 
truth cannot be a true assertion. It is 
significant that those intellectuals who 
are intent on debunking the rationalist 
tradition resort to a method of argu- 
ment and presentation which is deeply 

entrenched in the very tradition they 

Those who emphasize the 
inexplicable nature of their deep reli- 
gious experiences can only resort to 
rational methods of presenting their 
case. Once you start arguing you are in 
the rationalist tradition and only within 
that tradition is there hope for a world 
that would otherwise be bent on 
destroying itself. 

It is dear from what has already been 
said that rationalism is identified with 
criticism and argument Sir Kari Popper 
has been the most tireless and outstand- 
ing advocate of this approach. 

His characterization of rationalism as 
an attitude of readiness to listen to 
critical arguments and to team from 
experience is fruitful in all areas of 
human endeavour, not least in politics, 
science and religion. 

Rationality consists not in justifica- 
tion but in making mistakes and in the 
elimination of error. When politicians 
prohibit rational criticism and argu- 
ment they ultimately resort to policies 
of mutual destruction; when scientists 
attempt only to justify their conjectures 
and findings they prohibit further 
discoveries and growth of knowledge: 
and when religious people attempt to 
protect themselves from criticism by 
retreating into a realm beyond reason 
they promote the worst kind of bigotry, 
intolerance and fanaticism Which en- 
slaves rather than frees and ultimately 
leads to violence and bloodshed. 

We need not look beyond our own 
times for horrendous examples of 
religious fanaticism which by putting 
itself beyond criticism leads man to 
murder his brother in the name of the 
living God. 

The identification of rationality with 
critical argument is at one and the same 
time a costly and a liberating admission. 
It cuts the ground away from wider the 
feet of those who desire to justify their 
endeavourc by claiming proof and 

Such claims made in the name of 
science can never be realised. All our 
scientific knowledge is conjectural 
tentative, provisional Only by exposing 
our most cherished theories to severe 
criticism do we advance our scientific 

Scientific knowledge is fallible and 

the recognition of its fallibility is its 
strength, for only he who admits the 
possibility of error will learn bv his 
mistakes and hopefully edge nearer to 
the truth. 

Would that politicians [earn this 
lesson for only by taking the ride of 
losing face will they begin to solve the 
problems of society and gain public 
confidence. Religious people above all 
should avoid claims to infallible truth. 

Put in a nutshell the argument is as 
follows: if rationality is identified with 
proof and justification then religion is 
irrational, but by the same token so is 
science. But if we characterize rationali- 
ty as the attempt to expose falsehood 
and error by criticism, then both science 
and religion are rational. 

The disclosure of religious or scientif- 
ic insight might defy rational analysis, 
but such insights, once articulated, must 
be subjected to critical appraisal. 

it is a false dichotomy to separate 
man's spiritual quest from his intellec- 
tual endeavours: they are intertwined. 
We have been blessed with brains, 
without them we could know nothing of 
this marvellous, mysterious, puzzling 
and at times infuriating world: nor 
could we begin to apprehend the 
creative love of God which is at die 
heart of ft all. 

Ever since Si Paul eulogised the virtue 
of Christian love in his letter to the 
Corinthians it has been considered 
virtually blasphemous to question love 
as the greatest human virtue. 

But this cannot be so. for love as an 
unregulated passion is an irrational and 
potentially dangerous force in our lives. 
Love unregulated by reason can lead, as 
we have indicated, to an appeal to brute 
force and violence as the ultimate 
arbiter in human affairs. 

If it be countered that love which 
leads to violence is not true love, our 
contention is proven, for only reason 
can be used to help us judge between 
true and false love. Love must never be 
put beyond the critical rational assess- 
ment of its consequences. 

Man is a rational animal, with a head 
on his shoulders. He is also a child of 
God with love in his heart. Let us not 
put asunder what God has joined 

The writer is Canon of Windsor. 


Scatological scourge of 
French orthodoxy 

Requiem Mass 

Squadron-Leader DiA. de 

Forthcoming marriages 


A service of thanksgiving for die 
fife of Oliver Lough. Head- 
master of Temple Grove from' 
1957 to 1975, will be held at 
Uckfleld Parish Church, 
Uckfield, East Sussex, at 11.45 
am. on Saturday, July 19. A 
buffet luncheon for old boys and 
staff will be held at the school 
afterwards. Those wishing to 
attend tbe-seryicn are asked to 
contact the. headmaster before 
July 12. 

Requiem Mass for Squadron 
Leader Douglas Alexander de 
Singleton Young-Jaroes was ! 
con celebrated by Father W. 
Drumm. who also gave an 
address,. Father JL Tracy and 
Dorn Jams Hood, at the 
Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, Farm Street, on 
Wednesday. June 11. Wing- 
Commander S-M. Thomton- 
G rimes read the lesson. Among 
others present were: 

Major P BaW. Mr and Mrs A M True: | 
me RMti Rev Leonard Adi 

Pamela Lady TorpblctMn. SB- Ja 

Henry. Air vice-Manfaai A Belli. 
Colonel M Kelly. Brigadier D Ponnrex. 

member* Of tUe Sovereign Order o ISt i 

John or Jerusalem. toe Asptan Soctefy 
•Oil Me. United service* Catholic 
Assacfottoo.’-- • *. - •• 

Lady Diana Cooper 

A memorial service for Lady 
Diana Cooper will be held at 
noon on Thursday. July 17, at St 
Mary's. 'Pa d d i ngt o n Green. Ow- 
ing to the size of the church, 
admission will be by ticket only. 
Applications should be made; as 
soon as possible, to: The Sec- 
retary. 24 Blomfield Road. Lon- 
don. W9. A stamped addressed 
envelope should be enclosed. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths mid In Memoriam 

ftiEut 15% VAX' 

(minimum J tinea) 

Announcements, authenticated by the 
name and permanent address of Me 
tender, nay be km uk 

P0 SOX 484 
\finpata Street 
• El 

or teleph on e d (bv tetephooe snta- 
Ctbere only | tor0f-4#1 3824 

Announcements can be received by 
icfcphoor bmoern 9.00am ana 
SJupm Monday lo Friday, oa Saiur- 

S f between ^POam and 12 noon. 
-*t) USD My). For pubheanon the 

id towing day phone by L30pm. 

aeon Coon and Social Page £»■ tea 

Own and Social Page announce- 
ments can ool be accepted 
telep h on e . Enquiries Kx 01-BZ2 
(after i&Stami. or send Ik 

1, Pbmiaitoa SW, LmAm El. 

Please ofiow at leas 48 boon before 

Dublin boo. 

Thev wn gala. and «MIM Uve WOW 
ct the Lord, and U .wnr .M wn 
ordained lo eternal We believed. 

Aria l& 48 



' 7 

."l ? 

On June 13th to Rosin and 
John a daughter. Charlotte Louise, a 
sister ior Charles Ben edi ct . 

BLUETT - On Jane 14th to AimeOtee 
Rice) and Michael. a daughter. 
Rosanna EHzobeBL 

BRADSHAW - On Jane 20th. 1986 to 
Hannon) and RtchnrxL a 

CODfftNGTON-On June 18th 1966 to 
Ursula u tee Dawson) and SMJdwn a 
daughter. Kate Elizabeth. 

DAWSON - on June 190> to Jane 
(nee CortWd) and Dennt*. a son. 
r a«-k Arthur, a toother for Eleanor. 

FRENCH - Chi 20th June to NtcotaOite 
McNaughu and Matthew, a 
daughter. Ekanor Winifred. . - . 

6UNS0H • On 20th Jure. 1986 to 
Caroline uiee Pogson) and Martin, a 
son. Edward- Aidan John. 

HEPPEL - On Jane 16th at Hull to Jan 
inde Coufton) and Peter, a son. WD- 
Uam Oliver Hugh Menu*, a brother ■ 
for Charfooe Edward and indea. 

PAYNE - On 19th June. 1966 to The- 
resa ' nie Philipps) and Christopher, a 
daughter. Charlotte Lucy Theresa, a 
aster Cor Joseph. Benjamin, apd 

PWLBY - On June I71h in Atlanta. 
Georgia. USA- to Lhvjen (nee Reey 
and Patrick, a beautiful daughter. 

WILDE - At home in BaOt on 180i 
May. to Jane and David an amazBiB 
son. Joei Samuel Allen. 


14 June a) Little 'Eastern Geoffrey to 

- On 20Ut Jane athome. LL 
COL Edward- -'Peter- Ftetcha- 
Boughey. O&E. late S OX. Hearty 
lowed husband of Eianteltne and step- 
tether of Edward and Thomas 
Fremantle and Merton' Hanbory. 
Funeral at CL Honnead Church near 
Buntlngfbrd. Herts on Friday. 27th 

, June at 3JX) pm. FamHy flowers 
and/or don a ti ons to Chureh Tower 

CYLE5 - On 1 7th June, a rd de nfl y 
white crossing the road near Ids 
home. George Eytes. T-D- Devoted 
husband of MaW and a much loved 
lather and grandfather. Funeral Ser- 
vice at 2.16 pm on Wednesday. 26th 
June at Haztemere Parish Church, 
near High Wycombe. Famfly Dower* 
only Mease, tr desired, donations ei- 
ther to The Dunttdc Veterans 
Associa tio n. Bucks Battalion Old 
Comrades Association or Wycombe 
Hockey or Rugby Club. 

FAULKNER - On June ]6th 2986. 
Terence Bernard Michael CnnUffe 
Faulkner. Husband of FaMenne and - 
father of Geraldine and Detwre- Fu- 
neral service 25th Jane at 22.00 aja. 

Si John the Baptist Roman Cathotie 
Church. Andover, nattily flowers 
only. Donations, if desired, to Help - 
The Aged or The Btoe cross Animal 
Wettaro Society, c/a JNO- Steel & 
Son Ltd. ChefiO Street Winchester. 

BLACKPOOL -On June 19th. peaceful- 
ly at home to LLananh. Raglan. 
Gwent alter a short IIbw9S.-Vtvien 
Mary, aged 83 yean. Joint founder 

- of The DewpoofSdioot of Lawn Ten- 
nis and Managing Director of 
LLansant Framed Court Hotel from ■ 
2949 - 1962. Reautem Mass at the . 
Church of St. -Maiv and SL Michael 
Uanarth"s court on Tuesday. June - 
24tb at 2&0 pm foabwed tw bartaL 
Flowers ptoese to Pham Goode, Cas- 
tle Court Funeral-- -Horae.- 
Abergavenny. Gwent RIP. . 

UFFENS-On 16th June 1986. Count 
Leon Uppers, of Bostean 43. 8300 
Knofcke. Befoium. member of honoiy 
of the world WtidNfe Fund; suddenly 
but peacefu&y at borne, surrounded 
by Ms famUy. If desired, donations in 
Ms memory to the World Wlktofe 
Fund, or the Severn Wild Fowl 
TrtisL SUmbridge. 

■MCLAREN On the 13th June peace- 
fully at her home at Longford 
cottage. 495 Bath Road. Longford. 
West Drayton. MfckBes _ 
Alexandria. Georgina. Lexhe aged 
82 -years. Private funeral Monday 
23rd June. Enquires telephone 01- 
866 8282. 

- On 17 June, suddenly, al 
Nairobi. Kenya. Guy Harold McMil-' 
Ian. aged 72.' Enquiries to A. J. 
McMUtaa. 3 Mfiton Avenue. West- 
COtL DorKinq. ' 

PERCfVAL - 29th Jane to 
Winifred Mary Eto a b e tb of Stone 
Lea. Durham Moor. Durham. Great- 
ly loved wife of GoL Ronald Pemvai 
And .of .her sous AnUwoy. . Christo- 
pher and their fondues. Was 
cremated today at Durham 

RAPHAEL - On 12th Jure to hospital 
-to London. Geoffrey L. Raphael, for- 
merly of Hotyfcoume. Hants. 
Funeral at The Church of the Holy 
. Rood. Hotybourne. Nr. Alton. Hams, 
on Wednesday 28th June at 3J0 pm. 
Flowers and further enquiries to 
Kemp and Stevens. 93 High Street 
, H"*- Tel ephon e: Alton 


i On June 19th aged 62 . peace- 
tuny a t Mount Vernon Hospital. 
North wepd. Frank, beloved husband 
of Hilary and dear father of Jane. 
Anthony. Paul. Ura. Timothy and 
Annie. Reiftdera Mare at Sat. Luke's 
Church. Pinner, Tuesday 24tb June 
al 10.00 am. 

HARDY On t9th June 1986 at South- 
lands Hospital. . George Theodore 
aged 86 years. Late of FUrfcaven.. 
North Drive. Anfonenng. Sussex and 
Port SaM. Egypt Dearly teveo nos- 
tnnd of the' late EQiel and dear fattwr 

of JUL Penelope. Allan. Vivienne and 
John. Service at Angmenra Parish 
Church an Tuesday 24th June at 
%30 pm. Enquiries to H D Tribe Ud. 
Broadwater. Worthing 34616. . 

NEftN-On June 18th. 1966. peacefully 
at Mr. borne. Winifred, beloved 
mother pf Dick. Rilpert and Michael. 
Funeral private. Donations if desired 
for St- Mary B» Virgin Church. 
Chedzoy. may be sent to Camp 
Hopson and Co. Ud- Flinenl Uteec- 
10 TS. Newbury. 

HERON .- Bnhdfc'cfocu On June 19th 
quietly at KenfoL adored wife, of die 
late Tam Heron, and mother.- of 
Patrick. Michari. Joanna, and GHes a 
grandmother and greatgrandmother ^ ■ 
to her 96th year. Funeral al SetsMc 
CSntfcti, Wednesday. June 25th ar 
i.oo pm. . . 


BALLARD On Ibe 190t June 1986 
peacefully af Sir Micbeal SDbeU 
House. Hubert SfontonBaBanL dear- 
ly loved brother of Clare. Jon and 
Michael. Funeral private, ftemor re l 
service to be hrtd on Tuesday Btbpr 

July at 1L30 am at a Mtenewanthe 
Nonhgata CJuwcb Oxford. K*u«y 
nowe» otoy- 

BernanJ Neville MAE. 
OB 17 JBD& aged 82; peacefnBy and 
suddenly in tils garden at 62. Elm- 
hurst Road. Reading. Beloved 
hioband of Psgfor. .fother of Pat and 
■' Tom andgrswifUher of Sato. Funer- 
al enquiries, to Walkccs. iteadmg 
5366G.. . .. - • , ... . 

KUM Noel Leigh Stuart - kite Head- 
master Of The Knob on June 17th. 
peacefully after a long Dikes, aged 
-S3. Memorial'- Service at Woburn 
sands to be announced Enquiries to 
Merchant & Son <090S) 79111. 

■ On Jane 18m. peacefufly 
to Exeter. ENiel Richards. M.B.E. 
aged 71. Funeral private- Donations. 
. If desired, to Musicians Benevolent 
Fired. 16 Ogte Street London wip 
7LG. M em oria l Concert to be ar- 
ranged -later. Enquiries to Mitchell 
FUneral Sendees. Exeter 72682. 

MAW - On Jane 19th al Norwich. 

MurieL- formerly of Milford and 
. Brighton. Funeral s er v ic e St Paul's 
Crematorium. Norwich an Tuesday 
24th June at 4.00 p.m. 

VON WACMCNRLT - Atotototy GDd to 
Us Infinite wisdom has merctfnlly 
caned to himself the soul or our dear 
Mites von Wartwnfelt who was t* 
"lb. Gothenburg on 29tb Jttoe 1887 
and pawed away to Stockholm oa 
3rd Jane 1966. The funeral and 
forte hare taken ■ plare 
H e teto gborg. Yon may honour Ids 
memory by malting a donation to 
. von WaebenfemFUBd tor the Swed- 
ish Church In London. 6 Harennrt 
Street. London W1H 2BD. 

WMiMAM ■ In June. 1966 or Rich- 
mamL North Yorkshire, william 
Holland aged 38 years. A dearly 
loved son and brother. No flowers 
■ Haase. 


COFELIA - The first Annual Memorial 
Service forMrs Anvro Goae&a was 
held at Bw Greek Orthodox Cathe- 
dral of SL Sophia In London on the 
first anniversary of her dean. 

SARMUON A Memorial Sendee for 
Vanessa Cfcrk* will be held at the 
Westminster Synagogue. Rutland 
Gardens. SWT an Tuesday 24th 
Jute at- i.oo pm. 


■RADY Nort ■ On 2191 June, 1986. 

. Lovingly re membered. 

DAMES - O-Ri Alan. Jane 21st 1 986. 
Lovingly remembered and greatly 
missed- Mary and Bid. 

LSUERT Laurence -Jane 22nd. 1933 
- June 6th. 1985. *A na of integrity' 
who act* Justly, anti speaks birth in 
Ms hearr Psstol 15. . 

Mr JJTJ. Aided 
ud Miss FD. Bateman 
The engagement is announced 
between James, only son of the 
late Dr J.H. Alden and of Mn 
C.P. AMen,of Aynho, Oxford- 
shire, and Fiona, youngest 
daughter of Mr D.C.F. 
Bateman, of Sevenoaks, Kent, 
and Mrs M. Richardson, of 
Hookwood. Surrey. 

Mr W-H. Archer 
and Miss LM. Manning 
The engagement is announced 
between william, elder son of 
Ian and Jenny Archer, of 
Reigate, Sunny, and Lindsay, 
-younger daughter of Haydn and 
Gwyneth, of Abenlare; Mid 

Mr RAJ. Argyle 
and Miss S3. Andrew' 

The engagemenx is announced, 
and the marriage will take place 
on Saturday. August 16. be- 
tween Raymond Allen John, 
only son of Mr R.H. Aigyle, of 
Abingdon, Oxfordshire, and 
Mis Betti na R. King,ofWalling- 
ford. Oxfordshire, and Susan 
Biigitie, twin daughter of Mr 
and Mis FA Andrew, of Villa 
Maroc, Aibofeira, PormgaL 

Mr MJM. Boroecfci 

Miss CMJ. Smitb-Baaer 
The engagement is announced 
between Marek. son of Mrs L. 
Yon ski and stepson of Mr Z. 
Yonskl of Lublin, Poland, and 
Cornelia, daughter of the late 
Mr R. Bauer and Mrs H. Bauer, 
of Koblenz, Germany. 

Mr Q-P. Bradshaw 
and Mbs FJVL Blythe 
The eng^ement is announced 
between Quintin. eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs P.M.C. Bradshaw, 
of Wells, Somerset, and Fiona, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs 
W.T.L.H. Blythe, of Bearsden, 


Mr P.G- Checfcettt 
and Miss AJVL Lewefl 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs G.T. Oecketts, of 
Harpenden. Hertfordshire, and 
Alexia, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.L Lowed of St 
Julians, Malta. 

MrMJ-C. Cr a w fo rd 
and Miss ELM. Murphy 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael eldest son of 
foe late Mr J.N. Crawford and 
Mrs P.C Hefty and stepson of 
Mr FJ. Hefty, of Whangarei, 
New Zealand, and Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs N J. Murphy, of Hamilton, 
New Zealand. 

Mr CJ. Clayton 
aad Miss J. Faflen 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, elder son of 
Mr John Clayton and foe late 
Mrs Barbara Clayton, of Huby. 
near Leeds, and Jane, only 
daughter of the late Mr and Mrs 
John Fallon, of Brigbouse, West 

Mr R.O.C Crosse 
and Miss SLB. Balach 
The engagement is announced 
between Oliver, only son of Mr 
and Mrs S.C. Crosse, of Nor- 
wich. Norfolk, England, and 
Susan, daughter of Mr V.P. 
Baiuch and of the late Mrs F. 
Baluch. ofShdion. Connecticut. 
United States. The marriage will 

take place on Saturday. Septem- 
ber 13, in Norwich Cathedral. 

Mr B.W. DaJdn 
and Miss KJVL O'Hara 
The engage m ent is announced 
between Brian William, son of 
foe late Mr and Mrs LW. 
Dakin, of Kegworth. Leicester- 
shire. and Kathleen (Kit) Mary, 
daughter of foe late Cbptain 
J.W. Paris and Mrs H.E. Paris, 
of BuHdngtpn, Warwickshire. 

Mr G-AJ. Fisher 
asd Fraalein MJVUEL Franke 
The engagement is announced 
between Geoffrey, son of Major 
and Mrs Bill Fisher, of Haydon 
Farmhouse, Radstock, Bath, 
and Martina, daughter of Herr 
and Frau Peter Franke. of Plon, 
Schleswig Holstein. West 

Mr J-M. Gray 

and Miss SC. Knight 

The engagement is announced 

between John Malcolm, second 

son of Dr and Mrs C.B. Gray, of 

Shipley, West Yorkshire, and 

Susan Caroline, eldest daughter 

Mr J J. Jones 
and Miss D. Gilroy 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of 
Major P.S. Jones. Royal Corps 
of Signals, of Mons. Belgium, 
and Mrs PA Wills-Jones, of 
fiacton. Norfolk, and Debs, 
daughter of Mr J. Gilroy and 
Mrs S. Gilrov. of Norwich. 
Mr N^J. Lyons 
and Miss FJc. Parker 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Stephen Ice- 
land, younger son of foe late 
Professor F.S.L Lyons. FBA, 
and Mrs Jennifer Lyons, of 
Holmead Road. London. SW6. 
and Felicity Ruth, younger 
daughter of foe late Mr Colin 
Parker and of Mrs Rosemary 
Parker, of Neal's Place. Canter- 
bury. Kent. 

Captain JS.P. Swayne 
and Fraalein B. Henke 
The engagement is announced 
between Surrey, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs J.A. Swayne, of 
Guildford, Surrey, and Barbara, 
eldest daughter of Herr and Frau 
August Henke, of Gut Rontorf 
Kalietal West Germany. 

Mr MS. Sweet 
and Miss JJ. Webb 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael elder son of 
foe late Major Etienne Sweet 
and of. Mrs Sweet, of 
Lymington. and Julia, younger 
daughter of Mr David Webb, of 
Lyneham. and Mrs RA Skull 
of Cirencester. 

Mr L-JP. TreveUyan 
and Miss A~H. Thiede 
The engagement is announced 
between Lance, only son of Mrs 
P. TreveUyan. of Court Farm, 
Whaddon. Gloucester, and 
Alexandra, eldest daughter of 

of Mr and Mrs R. Knight, of i> D.L and Dr B. Thiede, of 

Swindon, Wiltshire. 

Mr G.M. HemsJey 
and Miss G.M. Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy Macartney, only 
son of Mr AM. HemsJey, of 
Newton Park, Turvey, Bedford- 
shire, and Mrs John Gale, of 
Ridgway House, Great 
Bringion. Northamptonshire 
and Georgina Mary, youngest 
daughter or Mr and Mrs Stephen 
Taylor, of Stowe IX Churches, 
Weedon, Northamptonshire. 

Mr P.R. Webber 
and Miss EJUA. Barroll 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, youngest sou of 
Mr and Mrs R.S.F. Webber, of 
Poole, Dorset, and Elizabeth, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
FJ. Barroll of Caversham. 

Ingram House. Thirsk, North 

Flight Lieutenant G A Warden, 
and Miss SJ. Phillips, WRAP 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham Andrew, son 
of Mr John Wardell of Wales 
and Mrs Betty Wardell. of 
Paignton. Devon, and Susan 
Jacqueline, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Anthony Phillips, of 
The Village Farm House. Upton 
Warren. Bromsgrove, 

Mr D.M. Warwick 
and Miss H.M. Moore 
The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son of Dr 
and Mrs Dennis Warwick, of 
Burley in Wbarfedale. York- 
shire. and Henrietta, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Robin Moore, of 
Cranleigb. Surrey. 

Coluchc. the French popu- 
lar comedian, was killed on 
June 19 when the motocycle 
he was riding was involved in 
a collision with a lorry, at 
Oppio. near Grasse in foe 
south of France. He was 4]. 

Possessed of a sense of 
humour, stcrcoraceous even 
by French standards. Coluche 
achieved immense popularity 
in France in a lifetime spent 
lambasting the establishment. 
And he was never better loved 
by the common man. than in 
his widely publicized entry 
into foe French Presidential 
campaign of 1 981. 

He was bom Michel Gerard 
Joseph Coiucci. into an Italian 
immigrant family, in Paris in 
1944. and began life as a cafe 

He was subsequently suc- 
cessful as a radio comedian, in 
films and on stage, where, 
attired in the bleu de travail. 
still worn by many a French 
ouvrier. he elevated a low 
humour, expressed through a 
blasphemous, coprological. 
and sexually explicit vocabu- 
lary. into a personal art form. 

As a humourist his nature 
was essentially picaresque and 
anarchic. There was a good 
deal of the Svqjk in him. 
Therefore when he entered the 
fray for the French Presidency 
he appealed to the ‘imbecile 
vote* - that of “—the lazy 
bums, the skinflints, the drug 



addicts, -the alcoholics, 
pederasts, the women. 

And what had begun as a 
joke - if an ex-Hollywood B- 
movie actor could run for the 
White House, why not a 
stand-up comic for the Hysee 
Palace? - gained a momentum 
which surprised political 

At one time Coluche's po- 
tential share of the vote was 
raled in double figures, caus- 
ing near panic among official 
candidates, until he stood 
down, confessing that the 
whole thing had been a com- 
mercial gag. 

Latterly he had appeared 
before the public in anothere 
guise - that of fluid-raiser for 
the derelict and the needy. 
And a bourgeois France not 
noted for its sentimentality in 
such causes, found itself open- 
ing its purse to support 
Coluche's Restaurants du 
Cncur. launched last Christ- 
mas to provide free meals for 
the poor. 

This in a-country .without a 
social security net like 
Britain's, had considerable ef- 
fect on the national conscience 
and. at his death, seemed to 
have transformed the erst- 
while bete noire into some- 
thing perilously dose to 
becoming foe saint of all 


Mr John Inglis Drever 
Potiinger. LVO. Don 
Potiinger. the anist and her- 
ald. died in Edinburgh on 
June 14. He had been until 
recently Islay Herald, Lyon 
Clerk and Keeper of the 
Records in the Court of Lord 
Lyon. King of Arms. 

Poitinger. who was bom in 
1919. trained at Edinburgh 
College of An and also studied 
at Edinburgh University. He 
had a long career as a freelance 
anist. interrupted by war ser- 
vice with the Royal Artillery, 
where be served as a captain in 
North Africa. Italy and 

He practised as a portrait 
painter and executed a num- 
ber of mural commissions, but 
found foe best outlet for his 
talent as a book illustrator on 
heraldic and historical 

He illustrated Iain 
Moncreifie's book. Simple 

Heraldry . first published in 
1953 and still lively in its 
revised edition of 25 years 
later. And this highly success- 
ful collaboration led - to .a 
sequel in Simple Customs. 

Both had the sub-title 
"cheerfully illustrated" and 
Pottingcr's bright and simple 
sketches were an ideal comple- 
ment to the elementary but 
well-founded text provided by 
Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Nk. 

Potiinger was also keenly 
interested in tartan and flagi 
and produced a useful book 
Official Tartan Map in 1976. 
and a volume on The World of 
Flags in 1981. 

He was Falkland Pursui- 
vant from 1953. Linlithgow 
Pursuivant from I9S5. and 
Unicom Pursuivant from 
1961 to 1981. when he was 
appointed Islay Herald and 
Lyon Clerk. 

He married in 1943 Agnes 
Fay Keeling, who survives 


Robin Majdalany. chairman 
of the Anglo- Argentine Society, 

In your obituary of Joige 
Luis Boiges you commented 
on his association with En- 
gland. His knowledge and 
prodigious memory of the 
English language and poetry 
were extraordinary, and the 
anecdotes bearing witness to 
this are many. 

A very recent visitor com- 
mented how Borges had recit- 
ed the Lord 's Prayer in Anglo- 
Saxon io him: and Graham 
Greene recalled how Borges 
once completed a long poem 
by Stevenson word prefectly 
in a busy street of Buenos 
Aires on the mention of the 
opening line. 

It is quite remarkable that 
foe greatest Argentine of his 
day should have possessed so 
intimate an experience and 
knowledge of English language 
and literature. 

Barely three years ago on 
almost his last visit to Eft- 
gland. Boiges gave the inaugu- 
ral address of foe Jorge Luis 
Borges Annual Lecture of foe 
Anglo-Aigemine Society, to 
which he had very kindly 
allowed his name to be given. 

The lecture was founded 
with the object of making **a 
significant contribution to the 
understanding between the 
English and Spanish speaking 
peoples in general and be- 
tween the peoples of Great 
Britain and of Argentina in 

The lecture will continue 
foe vision of Borges, but may 
now also come to be regarded 
as a memorial in England to a. 
man who was one of the 
greatest literary figures of his 
age. who loved Argentina, the 
land of his birth, and was "a 
venay parfit genii I knight", 
who loved the England of 
some of his ancestors. 


Captain F.P. Brooke- Popham 
and Mrs DJ. Michael 
The marriage took place on 
Wednesday. June 18. in Taun- 
ton. of Captain F.P. Brooke- 
Pop ham. son of the late Air 
Chief Marshal Sir Robert 
Brooke- Popham. and Lady 
Brooke-Popham, of Bagborough 
House, near Taunton. Somerset, 
and Mrs Diana Michael elder 
daughter of the late Mr Geoffrey 
Law and Mrs Law, .of Sibford 
Gower. Oxfordshire. 

Mr J.R. Gibson Fleming 
and Miss F-L. Don 
The marriage took place at Si 
Mary's. North Elmham. on June 
14. between Mr James Gibson 
Fleming, son of the late Major 
W.H. Gilson Fleming and Mrs 
Gibson Fleming, of Ranston. 
Dorset and Miss Fiona Don. 

daughter of Mr and Mrs Robin 
Don. of Elmham House. Nor- 
folk. TTie Ven Edwin Ward 
officiated, assisted by the Rev 
Lionel Hunier. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Rose Laing. Eliza- 
beth Hicks. Kate Freeland. 
Annabel Spicer and Thomas 
Greenly. Mr James Bucknall 
was best man. 

Mr LC. Mntakasha 
and Miss P-N. Chiyeode - 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 14. at the Church 
of St John the Evangelist. Hyde 
Park Crescent, between Mr 
Laurence C- Mmakasha. eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs J.C. 
Mmakasha. of Kabwe. Zambia, 1 
and Miss Pnsca Chi yen de. 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs N.K. Chiyende. of Kivwe, 


TODAY: Mr J.C. Bamford, 70; 
Miss Benazir Bbuto. 33; Briga- 
dier Helen Gaoanach. 66; 
Professor Anna Davies. 49; Mr 
Wally Fawkes. 62; 'Major-Gen- 
eral R.F.K. Goldsmith. 79; Mr 
Gerald Kaufman. MP, 56; 

Professor Patricia Undop. 56; 
Miss Mary McCarthy. 74; Mr 
Peter Marshall. 56; Sir Cyril 
Musgrave. 86; Sir Edwin Nixon. 
61: Sir Hugh Rossi MP. 59: Miss 
Francoise Sagan. 51 Lord Sin- 
clair. 72. 

TOMORROW: Sir George 
Abell 82; Professor Bernard 
Ashmote. 92: Mr Jack Bailey, 
56: Sir Christopher Booth, 62; 
Lieuienant-General Sir Robin 

Carnegie. 60: Sir Roger Falk, .76; 
Field Marshal Sir Roland 
Gibbs. 65; Mr G.S. HiH 59: 
Lord Hunt. 76: Air Vice-Mar- 
shal Sr Ralph Jackson. 72: Mgr 
Bruce Kent 57: Baroness Lane- 
Fox. 68; Mr Joe Loss, 77; 

Professor Sir Kenneth Mather. 
75: Lady Naime. 74: MrGordon 
Oakes, 55: Mr Owen O'Brien. 
66: Miss Esther Rantzen. 46; 

Dame Cicely Saunders. 68: Miss 
Prunella Scales. 54; Vice-Ad- 
miral Sr Michael VUHers. 79; 
Mr John "Wakeham. MP, 54; 
Professor D. Whitleridge. 74. 
Miss Diana Young. 30. 

Services tomorrow 

Fourth Sunday 
after Trinity 

9 30 M: 11 Sung Euch.- Mtssa Sanrtl 
Jonannls de Deo fHaydnL Ecc* 
auonxxto (HaMiL toe ArcWrtsnop: 

sung Eucti. Mteu brevis (Mczam 
Ave varum com* (Mozart). U* 

woe: 4 E_ Lord i cau upon toee 
iBmrslovrt. Mrs Jean Maylanq, 

HC: 10.30 M. Jubilate. Te Drum 
(Sanford), toe Ret Eric sneoog: 315 
L Thou O Coo art priasr in Sion 
(Bov )« l toe venerable p w Harvey. 
M. Stanford m C. Quis te 
axnorettendat (Moaartx Die Rev Paul 
Oestreictien 11.40 Sung Eucti. coite- 
dun Regale (Howells): JL O cod. 
thou art my God (PurceUL ttie Rev 
Sebastian Charted. 5J6 organ recital: 
6JO ES. DM Rt Rev E G Kpatip- 


HC: 1 1 coch. Si ructioias Mas 
(Haydn). Avevenim (Mozan). 
Tantum ergo iNMxtisgni. the very 
Rev David t Edwards: 3 E- CoQegram 
regale (Howeiis). Blessed city 

9. 12. .5 JO. 7 LM: 10.30 HM. Mass 
for live rotees (Berkeley). _A Hymn of 
St Comma [SB 
uni (Victoria). 
tOuen e ro J. 

waik: 8. 10. I2.ISL 61 LM: U HM. 
Sextl Tone low*), LOM Me (Brack 
non. Rev Michael Haves. 

QUEEN'S OTAPEL. St James's Pal- 
ace: 830 HG it .15 MP. Ttto S toe 
record M John (Qbtwn& Canon JSO 

wca: li. is Sung EUOI. Collegium 

toe Rev 


Sana Eucli. Rev FV A Bayse. 

it m. JuMiaietcaroncn. Ave wnn 
CDertngL (tie Chaplain. 

TEMPLE OfURCHTneet Street. ECO: 
830 HC: 11-15 MP. Response* 
(Thalben-BaHi. Te Deum Caudamus. 
Jubilate 1 Dromtamen-Ball).. toe Ret J 

CTCLEj3e?^6aN|ES I RAF Chureti) 
wca 8.30.^ 12. IS HC It ML r - 
B t Lyons: e e: 

Children's Sunday: sermon gvm by 
children or toeParten. 

ALL S/UNTS. Margaret SireeL Wl^S. 
6.15 LM: 11 kmT Hymn to toe 
CherumtXin (Rachmaninov), the Rev 4 
S W Young; 6 Evensong and 
Benediction, toe Vtcar. 
all SOULS. Lingham Place, wu 
9 30 HC: it. toe Rev Richard Bewes: 
6-50 Rev him SwitWntiank. 
Church SfreeL SW3: 8. if HC: .10 
ChUdren 1 * Service: 11 M. Rev J H L 
Cross: fi E. Prefa Utiohton Thomson. 
8 HC: I t MP. canon A Harvey: 6 E_ 
Rev N Weir. 

Audlry StreeL Wi: S IS HC. 1 1 SUM) 
Eueh. Mw Cum jubUo (DunSS 
Jubilate Deo (SctiuizL toe Rev A W 

HOLY TRINITY. Bromixon Road. 
SWT: 8.30 HC tl M. PTeO JTCR 
Collins: 6.30 ES. toe Rev p J S 

RoadT: SW? 8?3a' 1 20 5^0 

HSLY^TR^K.So&e street. Swi: 
S 30. IS 10 HC; 1030 Such. Canon 


r Haydn L Wr praise toee. 6 God 
1 Handel J. the totoon of Willreden: 
3.30 evensong ana Benedtction. St 
Paul'* Service (HgwHb). O quam 

C! II M. and Eueh. Respe 

stgewice^, Hanover Square, wi: 
8-30 HC: I I Sung Euch. Mh na brevis 
(Walton), how beautiful upon toe 
mountains cstainer). toe Rector. 

ST JAMES'S. Piccadilly. WI: 830 

JAMESrl*! Ju*i« Garter*. W2: 8 
HC: IO 30 Sung Euch. Misa O quatn 
dortosum rv'ittoriah A E. Hear my 
prayer (Mendelssohn). 

ST loots. Chelsea, swa ft. 
HC. The haav-ns are telling (Haydn): 
to 30 mp. me Rev j Barton: MO E. 
This is the record of John (Gibbons). 

toe Rev o R WMSCtv 
ST MARGARET'S- Wesoninsier. 
SWI: 8. I S. 12.15 HC 11 M. Canon 

ft 12.30 HC 9.46 Family C. 11.30 
MS. the Rev Philip Chester: 2.45 
Chinese Service 4.15 E: 6.30 ES. llu 

ST MARY ABBOTS. Kensington. 
WS:S. 12.30 HC: 9JO Sung Eucn. the 
Vtear: 11.15 M. me Rev S H H 
Acland: 6.30 E. 

ST MARY'S. Bourne Street. SWi: 9. 
9 45. 7 LM: 11 HM. Mtssa sine 
nomine (Herediai- Sinn cervus »PMe- 

Maiyl ebone 

Road, wi: a. ll HC. Apamtimessc 
iMosartl. II ye love me (TaUlsi. Rev- O 

1 1. toe Rev Georg Ca sa dy. 6.30 HC. 

ST pALL^ft'vSntM^See. swi: 8. 9 
HC. 11 Euch. Mtea Cantair (John 
Shettoerdi. Give ear unto me 
i Served Mia Marcello). Laudato nomen 
Domini iChriHooner Tyej. toe Rev R 

ST PETER'S. Colon Square. SWj: 
8 15 HC Adoramus le. Chrttte 
iMonlnerdli: IO Family Ma»: ll 
Soternn Maet Re v P B Tillyer. 

|T SINg)N | ZEL DJES. M Ibwr SreeL 

Street. Wt; it HM. Mass for three 
voice, fflyrdi. Deus in adJuionum 
tSmfU: o LM and Benediction. 

LAND. Poni Street. SWI: u 
Con flrma none, toe Very Rev J Fraser 
Mctuskey-. 6.30. the Rev w AlSSS- 
der Calm _ 

C Hughes. . 


22. 4. 6 LM:_1 ISM 

tidne Jesu 

6-50 Rev 

W»: 8. X . . 

WJtera es (Bruckner J. O 
ipertiw u 

FARM S TR E ET. WI: 7-30. BJO. 10.1 
12. IS. a. IS. 6 15. LM: II HM. 
in., hanorem S Jaseohl (PeetersL; 
Aileiuya. in opponuniiaiiOu» 

THE ORATORY. Brampton Road.> 
SW7: 7 8. 9 . 10. 12 JO. A30. 7 Lm!. 

li KM; , Mess *^_‘ le5 Orgtteonmev 
'Gounod), in t* Oonune i Buxtehude): 
3JO Vespers. O sacrum Convivjum' 
ici mfl j. * 

ST ETHELDREDA«. Ely Mace. ECt:- 
II SM. Airermtur real uigna 

JphHteh arret WB-. 8. 9. 10. 12.Jo!' 
6 ?°. 1J*! 1 1 HM. Mom Je ne mengr ' 
poun (Lassus) O sacrum eonvh-ium> 
iDTvm. - 

W* 1 1 tor Rev; Ron F Allison. 
OTY TEMPLE. Hoitiorn. EC1: 1 1. toe 
Rev Bernard Thorogood; 6.30. toe 
Ret Erie Waugh. 

King's RoM. SW3: ll. Mr Anthony 

CHLRCH. WI: 11. (he Rev Kem 
6 JO. the Rev Stuart , 




mp. BenMittus 
toe Lord's 

racks. SWI; XI 

8 JO 

. _ .. Responses 

(Dovetom. Jubilate (Weektes). Canon 
John Oates: 6JO e- Bie»ed be the 
God and Father (Wesley t. Canon John 

ST cuTHBOIFS. Ptilitieacti Cardens 
SW6: ID hS ll sung Euch. Thb Is 
toe ream of John ■ Gibbons), the Rev 
John vine; 6 Evensong and Benedlc- 


J»M : 11- toe JRrv Ernest Todd: 

Dr Kenneth Slack. 

LRC. Taniark P (Me. WC1: 1 1 , th. . 
R« J W Milter 6.30. toe Rev Mrs D 1 
K Hhiiraagw. 


HC. .. 

< Cigar i. The earth __ 

tEUnlOrdv 6.30 EP. Magnificat tStan 
fora in Ci. Ye now have sorrow 
rore hre). Preb J ohn Pea ret _ 

Le Berger el la Berere (UswUiw 
Rev John BrawmeU: 6 Sotemn 
Evensong and Bencdirilon. Rev Perry 

^ V&OAST. Frohr ,Lanr. EC2: 11 - V^TTvtSsTEH CHAPEL. 
HM. Si \edast rTansliehU. ham Crte. SWI; ll ft 

THE ANNCNCIATSn. Brvanston T PCeodaU. ^ 

g% c i^ a L^ C2 N ^ft3 0 . 

R e, J ohn Muter 




■ -A 




And here is the 
late, late news 

^ A a Hi - ■ - M 

A helicopter Oeft) treating 
the ChernoMy nuclear power 
station and the area around 
it with a deactivating solu- 
tion which helps to neutral- 
ize nutiocatire dost 
Two white-suited techni- 
cians (above) also help in the 
aftermath of the April 26 
disaster by checking radia- 
tion levels in a grain field 
near the plant 
These are among the first 
photographs to be released 
of the dean-op operation. 
Soviet nuclear experts and 
workmen are str i ving to 
contain the remaining radio- 
active waste produced after 
the meltdown of one of the 
plant's station's four 

Militia units and troops are 
keeping a strict security 
check along a 60-mile perim- 

Cter ‘ i Death toft, page 5 

Thatcher looks for 
good from tragedy 

By Sheila Gunn, Political Staff 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
told Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
that she hoped, like him. that 
good could come out of the 
Chernobyl disaster, and open 
the way for doser co-opera- 
tion between Britain and the 
Soviet Union. 

They should use the after- 
math to reduce rather than 
reinforce suspicions and divi- 
sions between them. 

“We must work together to 
ensure that there will be no 
repetition anywhere in the 
world of the tragedy which has 
afflicted your country ..." 

She was replying to his letter 
earlier this month which de- 

scribed the events at 
Chernobyl and called for in- 
ternational co-operation to 
prevent similar catastrophes. 

Mrs Thatcher promised lull 
co-operation in achieving the 
highest possible international 
standards of nuclear safety. 
Radioactive clouds recog- 
nized no frontiers, she said. 

However, the Prime Minis- i 
ter disagreed with Mr 
Gorbachov about reaching 
agreement on an early com- . 
prehensive test. ban, and reit- 
erated her view that the key 
areas for nuclear arms control 
were the Geneva talks. 

Reagan has check-up Spanish police hit back on hotel terror 

.<■ m. % ■ l . i- c : .. CmIh’c tmir ' Tk. anMtc Ip() tr 

Washington (Renta) - 
President Reagan smiled 
broadly as he left the White 
House for the Bethesda Naval 
Medical Centre yesterday for 
a six-monthly cbeck-ap to 
determine if there has been 
any recurrence of the colon 
cancer doctors removed last 

Mr Reagan, the oldest serv- 
ing US President at the age of 
75, had his last post-operative 
check-up in January when 
three small intestinal polyps 

were found and removed. A 
biopsy defennioed the growths 
were non-cancenms. 

Doctors gave Mr Reagan a 
50 per cent chance of recover- 
ing fully after they removed a 
malignant growth from his 
colon in surgery at the medical 
centre on July 13 last year. 

According to mortality ta- 
bles compiled by the American 
Council of Life Insurance, an 
American male of Mr 
Reagan's age who is in good 
health can expect to live for 
another 9-3 years. 

Alicante (Reuter) — Spanish 
police yesterday announced a 
new offensive against Basque 
guerrilla attacks on Spain's 
Mediterranean coast after the 
explosion of.10 bombs in 
tourist resorts in the past three 

A government spokesman 
in Alicante said police and 
hoteliers had drafted a joint 
plan which included plain 
clothes police surveillance in 
hotel corridors, thorough in- 
spections when a room was 
vacated, identity checks on 

guests when asking for room 
keys, and checks on suspicious 

“We are asking hotel staff to 
keep their eyes open for 
suspicious behaviour and to 
check rooms for explosives 
behind furniture, plumbing or 
air conditioning." he said. 

Police are drafting rein- 
forcements in addition to a 
summer plan which was put 
into operation when the 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion Eta announced its sixth 
campaign of summer bomb- 

ings to sabotage Spain's tour- 
ist industry. 

The tenth bomb to be 
planted by suspected Basque 
guerrillas went off on Thurs- 
day night in a hotel in the 
resort of Marbella. The bomb, 
wrecked a room of the five- 
star Los Monteros Hotel; the 
room's occupants, an Italian 
couple, were dining out. 

In Bilbao, police said they 
had arrested six suspected 
guerrillas believed to have 

The arrests led to the deten- 
tion of another three suspect- 
ed Eta members and the 
discovery of a house where 
arms and explosives were 

A further six youths were 
later detained in the 
neighbouring town of 
Mondragon and were being 
held for questioning* 

Police found another two 
safe-houses containing explo- 
sives and bomb timing 

carried out several bomb at- * devices. 

tacks and two killings. • • Tenth Eta bomb, page 7 

Life for journalists in 
South Africa under the state 
of em ergency declared oa 
June 12 by President Botha 
has its lighter moments, and 
many ortoem occur during 
the daily briefings by the 
Bureau for Infor m a tion , the 
Government's new Ministry 
of Truth. - 

These are held at 3pm m 
the imposing pomp of the 
Union Buildings, a aaeSow- 
stoned late flowering of Brit- 
ish imperial architecture set 
on a nil} overlooking Pre- 
toria, which is 45 min utes by 
car from Johannesburg,, 
where most journalists wane. 

Aptly dubbed the “toe, 
late show” by a local paper, 
the daily briefing supplies 
heavily-edited versons of 
“unrest-related modems", 
often three or four daysafter 
the event. 

As jo urnalis ts are barred 
from entering black residen- 
tial areas, or any other areas 
where there . are distur- 
bances, and are also 
prohibited from reporting 
the conduct of thepohee and 
Army without official clear- 
ance, the Bureauhas virtual- 
ly total control of “unrest" 

The man who has emerged 
as the Government's chief 
censor is Mr David Steward, 
a smooth, English-speaking 
career diplomat and former 
journalist — always a tad 
sign — whom many foreign 
correspondents knew previ- 
ously as a rather helpful 
source on Namibia, the field 
in which he specialized be- 
fore coming to the Bureau. 

Mr Steward's chief side- 
kick is Leon Mellet, a briga- 
dier in the South African 
police force who began life as 
a crime reporter. On the 
ride, he freelanced as a 
photographic model for 
comic-strip characters in 
picture magazines. At one 
time he enjoyed a modest 
feme in the role of “Die 
Ruiter in Swart " (The Rider 
in Black) and was. accosted 
in the street by teenage girls 
asking for his autograph. 

One of the Bureau's first 
attempts at bending reality 
to suit its own view of the 
workl was its request to the 
press that Mellet should be " 

r efe r r e d to as “mister” and 
not “brigadier''. 

This reluctant brigadier 
cols a less dashing figure at 
question times. Asked to 
confirm a. repott e d state- 
ment by Mr Steward. h$ 
produced one of his more 
informative replies: *T can 
only reiterate what Mr Stew, 
ard-said- 1 don't know what 
be said, but if that is what he 
said, then lean reoeraoe that 
that is so." 

-There was also the memo- 
rable spectacle of the briga- 
dier trying to per s ua d e an 
incredulous press corps that 
ifee severance of telephone 
links with a number of black 
townships for many hours 
last Sunday and Monday, 
the tenth anniversary of the 
start of the Soweto riots, was 
a“tecboicar malfunction. 

Another notable 
MeUetism was his denial 
that something or other had 
been banned. “There is no 
ban." be explained. “It just 
will not take place until 

further notice." 

Since then, tire more pol- 
ished Mr Steward has fielded 
most questions, adding a 
new rtue of his own that no 
questions wifi be entertained 
other than those arising out 
of the Burean’s own reports. 
Any other allegations must 
be telexed to the Bureau at 
least four hours before each 

The Bureau's ambitions 
extend even to controlling- 
journalists' use of language. 
“Draconian” and “riot- 
Tom" as descriptions respec- 
tively of the emergency 
measures and the general 
state of country have been 
ruled to be objectionable. 

Journalists have also been 
wanted that they use the 
phrase “white-minority 
government" at their peril 
(hi a strict sense, Pretoria 
has a point here as the 
cabinet now contains one 
Ope Coloured and one Indi- 
an minister, though neither 
has a ponfolio). 

Further additions to the 
glossary of forbidden terms 
are awaited. 

Michael Hornsby 


[i;i k\jkT'htj i i kj 

In the garden 


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.-I prize qfThe Times Atlas of World History wilt be given for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries should 
he addressed to : The Times, Saturday Crossword Competition, 
PO Box 486. Virginia Street. London El 9DD. The winners and 
solution will he published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday’s competition are: Miss E B 
Murphy. Compton Road. London SU 19: MBS Kidd. Scotland 
Drive. Dunfermline. Fife: KA Deacon, Roydon, Old Palace Farm, 
King's Sombome. Haius. 



Tomorrow’s events 

Royal engagements 
Ptioce Andrew, President of 

the Royal Aero Cub, attends the 
Digital Schneider Trophy Air 
Race. Bern bridge Airport. Isle of 

Wight, 10JO. 

Prince Edward. Chairman of 
The Duke of Edinburgh's Award 
30th Anniversary Tribute 
Project, rives the signal to start 
the 30th Anniversary Walk, 
Buckingham Palace, 2.10: and 
starts the 'Walkathon' group of 
handicapped and other water- 
borne participants. Li rile Ven- 
ice. W9, 3 JO. 

Music _ 

Concert by the Taunton 
Sinfonietta. St. Antony's 
Lewesion School. Nr. 
Sherborne, 8pm. 

Recital by The Fleet Singers. 
St, Botolpb's Church. Hdpston, 
nr. Peterborough, Cambridge- 
shire. 8pm. 

Concert by the Choir of 
Christ’s College Cambridge, 
Leeds Parish Church. 8.15 

Concert by the Tring Or- 
chestra. Pendkty Ontre, Tring. 
Herts. 8pm. 

Concert dedicated to Sir Peter 
Pears: Snape Mailings Concert 
HalL Aide burgh. 8pm. 


1 This contract sounds genu- 
ine (6). 

4 Refuse to go back not hav- 
ing been used (5-3). 

10 Arranged genuine reverse 
for swordsman in play (7). 

11 Skin of a peach containing 
chlorine (7). 

12 Often 'ot in answer (10). 

13 Best way for a copper (4). 

15 Destroys the argument for 

returning to American 
surroundings (7). 

17 Turned white and old but 
passed (7). 

19 In transformation scene, 
how does Cinders make 
out? (7). 

21 Set out to do an imitation 

- (4.3). 

23 Swimmer in close (4k 

24 To be acceptable, no bid has 
to have an expression of 
hesitation (4.6). 

27 Ward, the humorist, is 
painting birds (7). 

28 Run into Eskimo who's 
wayward and annoying (7). 

29 Urgent job for valet (g). 

30 Bird making a noise like 23 
QC (61 


1 Recover the advantage over 
18 holes (4.5). 

2 Following Red Indian 
through Virginia, perhaps 

3 Cricketer needs more insur- 
ance (5.5). 

5 Remember about prayer (9). 

6 Some money, a mark (4). 

7 Heart-broken uncle. Uncle 
Sam (7). 

8 Use force to get peace, we 
hear (5). 

9 In Capri's league (4). 

14 Dr Dolittle could get down 
to business (4.6). 

16 President from the sunny 
East (33-3). 

18 Putting off Edward's rise, 
anticipating unrest (9). 

20 Rattles, when rattled, rattle 


22 Old couple coming in our 
direction (7). 

23 Crawled, perhaps, to quiet 
Slough (5). 

25 Tongue g'ected from the 
mouth (4). 

26 A superlative detailed 
prophecy from him (4). 

Gardens open 


Births: WDliam Aytotm. poet 
and critic; Edinburgh. 1813: 
Enrico CeccettL ballet dancer 
and choreographer. Rome, 


Births: George Vancouver, 
navigator. King's Lynn. Nor- 
folk. 1757: Giuseppe Ma/yinl 
Genoa. 1805: Sir Henry Rider 
Haggard. West Bradenham 
Hall. Norfolk. 1856. 

Deaths: Benjamin Robert 
Haydon. painter, committed 
suicide. London. 1 846; C J 
Dennis, poet. Melbourne. 1936: 
Walter De La Mare. London, 
1956: Jody Garland, London. 
1969: Darius Milhaud. Geneva. 

For readers who may hare 
missed a copy of The Times this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 
(today's are oa page 24). 

The pound 

Pollen count 

Concise Crossword. Page 17 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 35 (lowj. 
Forecast for today, higher. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Wcaihcrlinc: 01-246 
80^ I . which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

Yugoslavia Dar 
Raws lor small denomination bank notes 

only be suppled by Barcteys Bank PlC. 
Different rales apply to travellers' 

cheques and other 

■ Retsfl Pries Mac 386. 

London; The FT index dosed 3.4 up at 


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FT-SE 100 
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USM (Datastream) 
.123.04 (+Q.2) ' 


1.5015 (+0.0020) 

W German marie 

3.3645 (+0.0068) 


75.7 (+0:1) 

Maes sold 
for £28m 

Grand Metropolitan last 
night completed the disposal 
of all its overseas brewing 
interests when it agreed to sell 
the Maes group in Belgium for 
£28.5 million to Belgian Unit- 
ed- Beverages. The brewery, 
acquired in 1969, had sales 
last year of £45, million and 
- 600 employees. 

Sir Stanley Grinstead,' the 
chairman of Grand Meiropol- 
ilan, said: ‘The sale of our 
Continental brewing interests 
is part of the continuing policy 
'of the group to concentrate its 
resources in certain main trad- 
ing areas.” 

This divestment pro 
gramme, which Inis raised 
£325 million in the last two 
years, has enabled the group to 
focus on the development of 
its British brewing, re tailing 
and food operations. 

Airports sale 

Mr John Moore, the Trans- 
port Secretary, has appointed 
C&zenove and Co a$ lead 
brokers and County Securities 
(formerly Fielding Newson- 
Smith) as research brokers to 
advise him on the sale of the 
British Airports Authority. 

Final offer 

Emess Lighting yesterday 
increased its bid tor Rotaflex 
to £54 million and declared it 
final Rotaflex urged share- 
holders to take no action. 

Tempos, page 23 

zl Renold pays 

. The Renold eng ineering 

March 29, np from $4.5 
million, as turnover increased 
from £121.4 million to £129.9 
million. Dividends were paid 
for the first time in three years, 
with the final payment of I3p 
made a total of 2.0p for the 

Tempos, page 23 

Strike bites 

. A six-week strike last year 
substantially reduced profits 
at Bassett Foods, the Liquo- 
rice Alisons and jelly babies 
group in which Hfllsdawn 
Holdings holds a 6 per cent 


For the year to the end of 
March, pretax profits declined 
by almost £1 million to £1.85 

CGA battle 

The long-running takeover 
battle for , Country 
Gentlemen’s Association con- 
tinues. Bestwood yesterday 
announced its offer would be 
extended until July 1. It had 
gained acceptances of 32.9 per 
cent by June 19 and had 
purchased 12.9 per cent How- 
ever, further withdrawal no- 
tices for 2.09 per cent arrived 
yesterday for delivery to the 
rival bidder Fredericks Place. 

Hampton buy 

Metals Exploration and 
subsidiaries has 3223 per cent 
of Hampton Gold Mining 
Areas shares after a further 
purchase of 9.4 per cent from 
MIMat 150pa share. 

ByCaroI Ferguses 

Morgan Grenfell Grom the 
blue-blooded merchant bank- 
ing firm, is coming to the 
market by way of a tender 
offer. The minimum tender 
price of 425p capi talizes -the 
company at £640 million and 
values it at a s mall premium 
to the merchant b anVjng 

Morgan Grenfell has been 
best known recently for the 
aggressive tactics of its corpo- 
rate finance division in some 
highly publicized takeover 
battles, inducting Guinness's 
successful acquisition of Dis- 
tillers and the abortive at- 
tempt by United Biscuits to 
merge with Imperial Group. 

However, although its cor- 
porate finance operation has a 
high profile and a large market 
share, Lord Gatto, the chair- 
man, said yesterday: “ Ranking . 
is stilt half our business and is 
very important to Morgan". 

£1.5 billion 
order for 
81 Boeings 

By David Young 

The GPA Group; the 
Shannon-based aircraft 
leasing subsidiary of the 
Guinness Peat Gronp, 
announced yesterday that it 
has placed an order worth 
$23 billion (£1.53 bijfion) 
with Boeing.. 

The order, the fourth largest 
ever placed with the 
company, is for 81 
aircraft which will compete 
directly with those produced 
by the Anglo-French Airbus 

However, the French 
aircraft industry will benefit 
from the Boeing order 
announced yesterday m that 
the aircraft mil be equipped 
with engines built in France 
under a partnership between 
SNECMA and GE of the 
United Stales. 

The. 81 aircraft are all 
derivatives of the highly 
successful twin-engined 737 
range. Initially, 30 will be of 
the 400 series, which carries 
J 50 -passengers and is dne to 
come into production in the 
autumn of 1988, ind nine 
trill be of the 135-seat 300 
version,' which first came 
into service six months ago 
with the independent 
Birmingham-based airline 

The remaining 42 
win be versions chosen by 
the airlines which will lease 
them from GPA. 

The 300 series aircraft will 
be delivered- between 

Christopher Reeves: To 
raise a further £135m 
The offer will consist of 32 
million new shares and will 
raise a minimum of £131 
million for the company. 
None of the group's existing 
shareholders intends to dis- 
pose of any shares, and the 
biggest shareholder, Willis 
Faber, win be maintaining its 
interest at 21 per cent 
Of the proceeds, £100 mil- 

lion will be invested in the 
group's securities business 
which is being built up aggres- 
sively ahead of big bang. 

However, Mr Christopher 
Reeves, the chief executive, 
also intends to use the expand- 
ed equity base to raise addi- 
tional debt of up to £135 
million in the next year or 

Pretax profit in the year to 
December 1985 was £68.9 
million, 36p per share. At the 
minimum tender price, the 
historic price earnings multi- 
ple is 11.8 and the gross 
dividend yield 2.8 per cent. 

The directois forecast that 
pretax profit for the six 
months ending June 30, 1986, 
will be not less than £48 
million, and earnings per 
share not less than 25.4p. 
After the offer, pro forma net 
tangible assets per share will 
be 216p. 

In 1985, 44 per cent of 
revenues came from banking. 

price tag I Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Seven crucial days 
for Lord Barber 

AE snubs £194m 
bid from Turner 

By Clare Dobie 

Turner & Newall, the engi- 
neering company which has 
recovered strongly from near 
collapse in the past four years , 
yesterday launched a £194 
million takeover of AE, for- 
merly Associated Engineering. 
The approach was promptly 
rejected as “unsolicited, un- 
welcome and wholly 

Mr Colin Hope, the manag- 
ing director of Turner & 
Newall who once worked at 
AE, said AE would be “ a 
super fit” The combined 
group would be a bigger force 
in the world market for motor 
components and there would 
be significant tax and other 

Sir John Coflyear. chairman 
of AE. said: “We do not see 
that the bid mates any sense. 

He said AFs previous expe- 
rience of-a bid would help it 
put up a strong defence. In 
1983 Guest, Keen & 
Nettlefolds launched a bid 
which was blocked by the 
Monopolies Commission. 

Turner* Newall is offering 
six shares plus £6 in cash for 
every 10 in AE. With Turner 

& NewalTs shares trading at 
226p yesterday, down 1 1 p, the 
offer values each share in AE 
at I96p. 

AFs shares jumped from 
1 82p to 230p when the bid was 
announced. Bid speculation 
had already pushed the shares 
up from 149p since the begin- 
ning of this month. 

Dealers in the stock market 
were confident thaL a higher 
bid is on the way. Mr Patrick 
Evershed of Laurence Keen, 
the fond management group, 
who helped to fend off GKN 
in 1983, said: “AE is worth 
320p a share'*. 

The acquisition of AE 
would fulfil several of Turner 
& Newalfs strategy objectives. 
Since recovering from the 
worst of its financial prob- 
lems, under the chairmanship 
of Sir Francis Tombs, it has 
succesfolly reduced the poten- 
tial impact of claims for 
asbestosis and launched a £46 
million rights issue. The ac- 
quisition of AE would in- 
crease its involvement in 
engineering And reduce its 
dependence on Africa. 

Tempas, page 23 

Bank of Scotland buys 
Hodge Welsh stake 

By Cliff Fettham 

August next year and late 
1991 and the 400 series will 
be delivered' from October 
1988 onwards. ‘ ' 

Bank rales on 
share capital 

The Bank of England wffl in 
future allow banks to count 
issues of redeemable prefer- 
ence, shares as primary capital, 
provided they satisfy stringent 

Until now, preference 
stores redeemable, after no 
less thas five years have .been 
treated as equivalent to subor- 
dinated loan capital and the 
two together could not stand 
as more than one third of a 
bank’s capital base. 

.- Most high street banks have 
recently raised new capital 
either in perpetual loan notes 
or by rights issues of ordinary 

Under the new ruling, con- 
tained in a notice to hanks and 
licensed deposit-takers yester- 
day. banks are likely to opt for 
some preference share issues 
in future rather than ordinary 

Retired financier Sir Julian 
Hodge, founder of the Com- 
mercial Bank of Wales, is 
selling out to the Bank of 
Scotland in a deal worth £1 6.8 

The Hodge family interests 
and the First Chicago Interna- 
tional Finance Corporation 
which jointly own just over 50 
per cent have accepted an 
offer worth 70p a share. In the 
stock market the shares fell 6p 
to 69p reflecting some disap- 
pointment that the terms were 
not better. 

The Bank of Scotland said it 
wanted the Commercial Bank 
of Wales to retain its identity 
and to leave 25 per cent of the 
shares in the hands of small 
investors who number about 
4,600. - 

The Commercial Bank of 
Wales was founded by Sir 
Julian Hodge in 1971 to 
finance the regeneration of the 
area and has specialized in 
offering loans to private com- 
panies and hire purchase loans 
to car buyers through its 
Forthright Finance operation. 

If the deal goes through 

is £168 million deal 
Lord Tonypandy will remain 
as chairman of the Commer- 
cial Bank of Wales. 

Last year it made profits of 
£1.9 million compared with 
earnings of more than £95 
million by the Bank of 
Scotland. j 

Mr Malcolm Thomas, the : 
chief executive of the Com- 
mercial Bank of Wales, said 
last night “The tie-up will 
enable the bank to keep its 
Welsh identity while at the 
saraetime having the benefit 

of a much stronger capital 
1. * 

21 per cent from investment 
management, which has £126 
billion of funds under man- 
agement, and 32 per cent from 
corporate finance, the fastest- 
growing division. 

The group's most urgent 
priority is to build up Morgan 
Grenfell Securities which is 
being formed out of Pember* 
Boyle and Pincfun Denny, a 
gilt broker and gflt jobber 
respectively. In equities. Mor- 
gan has had to start virtually 
from scratch. 

So far, it has attracted 10 
equity salesmen, 25 analysis 
to cover UK equities and six 
analysts to follow European 

In the first five months of 
1986, the corporate finance 
division has been involved in 
43 transactions with an aggre- 
gate value of £9. 1 billion. 

• The Morgan Grenfell pro- 
spectus wiD be published in 
The Times on Monday. 

New trust 
to invest 
in India 

By Lawrence Lever 

The development of global 
investment in securities re- 
ceived a boost from a some- 
what unusual quarter 
yesterday when Merrill Lynch 
Capital Markets unveiled 
plans for a ciosed-ended unit 
trust, investing exclusively in 
the Indian stock market. 

The India Fund — which 
will be managed by the Unit 
Trust of India, the only unit 
trust in India — will be the first 
fund available to international 
investors and non-resident In- 
dians which will invest purely 
in India. At present, non- 
resident institutions and indi- 
viduals are not able to invest 
directly in the Indian markets. 

A total of 60 million, £1 
shares will be offered to the 
public in August, at £1 .0525 a 
share. The issue will be fully 
[ underwritten by Merrill 
: Lynch International & Co. 

The fund has the blessing of 
the Indian government. Mr S 
Krishna-Kutnar, of the Indian 
Ministry of Finance, said yes- 
terday that his government 
viewed it as a first step 
towards the internationaliza- 
tion of the sub-continent’s 
equity market The govern- 
ment would, however, want to 
see how well it worked before 
sanctioning further moves to- 
wards opening the Indian 
markets to overseas investors. 

At present, about 4,000 
companies are listed on 
India’s 14 stock exchanges. 
But the new fond will only 
invest in between 40 and 50 
companies whose shares are 
sufficiently actively traded. 

The average price-eamings 
ratio for quoted Indian com- 
panies is about 15, which is 
lower than the average for 
British, US and Japanese 

The fund's main objective 
will be long-term capital 
growth, with annual distribu- 
tions of income. Not more 
than 10 per cent will be 
invested in unlisted securities 
and the fond will avoid the 
often more speculative finan- 
cial instruments and dealing 
practices such as options, 
futures or short-selling. 

Mr David Rochester, the 
managing director of Merrill 
Lynch Europe, said that con- 
siderable institutional interest 
had been indicated in the 
shares, which he expected to 
open at a premium. The 
uniqueness of the Indian Fund 
accounted for the high level of j 
demand, he said. 


New York 

Dow Jones 1859.03 (+3.17) 

Tokyo . 

NM«i Dow _ 17403.13 (+12504) 
Hong Kong: _ 

Ham Seng i78i-04<+2.75) 

Amsterdam: Gen — 290.6 (+0.4) ; 



GDP growth figures for first 
quarter surprisingly strong 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

dm: Gen 
: AO 

^ 2SQ£ 
1214.7 (+09) 

Commerzbank 1951 .3 (-506) 


General 620. B3 (+25.74) 

Paris: CAC 3408 (-1.4) 


SKA General 50470 (same) 

Lorfon dosing price* Page 24 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-montti Interbank 

3-month eflgfltfe Wte9 ,8 32-9 U «% 

buying rate 

Meadow Farms. 
. Turner £ Newall. 

Prime Rate 855% ' 

Federal Funds «S% 

3-month Treasury Bffls 6.K)&68% 
30-year bonds Se^aa-'as 


London: New York: 

C$13015 £$1.4990 

£: DM33649 $: DM22495 

£: SwFr2.7695 5: Index: 116.1 

£FFria7357 - *- . . 

£: Yen25l.5G ECU 3X637627 . 

£ mde»75.7 SDR 3X773386 


London Rung; 

Close $340.75-341 25 (£ 
227 JO) 

New Yoric • " ' - 
Comex $3404044090 

1.25 (£227.00- 

Oi Brent (July)- Sll^ObW 

The much-vaunted passe in 
growth in the first quarter of 
the year may not - have oc- 
curred at all, according to new 
official figures released yester- 
day. They shew that gross 
domestic product rose by 0.7 
per cent in the first quarter. 

This, based oa the average 
of the three measures of GDP, 
was fester than in the fourth 
quarter of last year, when it 
increased by 05 per cen t 

The new figures do support 
the. view that there has been a 
slowdown in the economy, but 
indicate that this took place in 
the thir d quarter of last year 
when there was a 03 per cent 
drop in GDP. 

As a result of this, the first- 
quarter growth in the econo- 
my, compared with a year 
earlier, was comparatively 
km. GDP was 23 per cent 

higher than m tire correspond- 
ing quarter of 1985 or, after 
alihwhg for tire effects of tire 
miners' strike on the economy 
last year, just 13 per cent 

The three measures of GDP 
moved up at .different paces in 
tife first quarter. The output 

measure rose by just 02 per 
cent, m line with sluggish 
industrial production figures. 
This was a more modest rise 
than tire originally estimated 
0.4 per cent increase. 

The expenditure and income 
measures of GDP. for which 
these are the first estimates, 
performed rather better. There 
was a 0.6 per cent rise in 
income GDP, and a very 
strong 13 per cent increase in 
expenditure GDP. 

In theory, the three mea- 
sures should come up with the 
same results and officials re- 
gard the output measure, 
which grew only slightly in the 
first quarter, as generally a 
better guide to short-term 
movements. However, the 
sluggish movement in this 
measure in the first quarter s 
something of a mystery in 

Officials also proofed out 
that there have been several 
big . shocks to the system 
recently, including the miners' 
strike and subsequent recov- 
er), tire effects on investment 
'of .the phasing out by the 
Chancellor of capital allow- 

ances, and tire sharp fall in ofl 

Oil output rose, in feet, by 5 
per cent in the first quarter. 
Without this and the recovery 
from the coal strike, the output 
measure iff GDP would have 
dropped by 0 J per cent 

lire effects of lower oil 
prices casme through more 
dramatically in company prof- 
its. Profits of private sector 
companies totalled £11.65 bil- 
lion in the first quarter, 38 per 
cent down on a year earlier. 
Detailed figures will be pub- 
lished next week, bnt it ap- 
pears that most of the drop 
was in North Sea profits. 

Public corporations, in coo- 
trust, appear to be performing 
profit miracles. In the first 
quarter, profits, at £2.1 billion, 
were 83 per cent op on a year 
earlier. The comparison b 
misleading, however, reflect- 
ing the tower tosses for the 
National Coal Board, now 
British Coal, after the end of 
the miners* strike. 

The underlying ( Inflation 
rate in tire economy in tire first 
quarter, as measured by the 
factor' cost GDP deflator, was 
just above 5 per cent 

The decision not to refer the Lloyds 
Bank bid for Standard Chartered to 
the Monopolies Commission yes- 
terday hardly came as a surprise: 
Standard Chartered shares edged up 
just 2p to 809p. Whatever the merits 
of the offer, it would not have 
detained the Office of Fair Trading for 
long had banks not been involved and 
there is certainly no case for drawing a 
ring fence round the City. 

The formal non-reference does, 
however, dear the way for the crucial 
week in this unexpectedly tough bid 
battle. Standard Chartered has left it 
to the last moment allowed under the 
takeover code to issue its main 
defence document over the weekend, 
leaving Lloyds as little time as 
possible to ponder a possible higher 
offer, which it must do by next 
weekend. The running out of the 
initial bid extension on T uesday is the 
obvious moment for action. 

Standard Chartered's chairman. 
Lord Barber, returned from eminent 
person duties, will not be able to make 
a profit forecast for the full year but 
will indicate an improvement of 15 
per cent or more in trading profits for 
the first four months. More to the 
point, perhaps, he will forecast a sharp 
improvement on last year's 30.5p 
dividend, perhaps by as much as 20 
per cent. 

Whether that of itself demands a 
higher bid from Lloyds is arguable. 
The view of the stock market is not 
open to dispute. The Standard Char- 
tered share price has started and 
remained well ahead of Lloyds' bid, 
which has not been helped by some 
wilting of its share price. According to 
Lloyds, its offer is worth 758p per 
share. According to Standard Char- 
tered, which takes an understandably 
less rosy view of the convertible 
involved, it is about 250p. 

Undoubtedly, the Standard Char- 
tered share price has been buoyed up 
by some friendly buying, most likely 
from the Far East. The group's 
managing director, Michael 
McWilliam, acknowledges that he has 
received expressions of support from 
"a number of parties'* but stresses that 
no. deals have been done. 

There is little doubt that Lloyds can 
add Standard Chartered’s business — 
so much more attractive than it was 
only a few years ago — to its global am- 
bitions if it is prepared to pay enough. 
The question which Lord Barber and 
his colleagues must be asking is 
whether Lloyds is anxious enough to 
come up with 800p or more. 

So far Lloyds has shown a greater 
reluctance to knock Standard Char- 
tered than vice versa — under- 
standably, since that would reflect on 
its own wisdom. In the present 
political environment, however, 
nervousness in the intended victim's 
camp is bound to centre on its South 
African operations. The parent com- 
pany stake in Standard Bank of South 
Africa has been diluted to 39 per cent 
and southern Africa produced just 

£35.6 million of last year’s £268 
million pretax profit, considerably 
less than tropical Africa. It may be 
harder to maintain good relations in 
other African countries if the politics 
become fraught but at least the group 
is nothing like as vulnerable as it 
traditionally might have been. 

SE moves in 

The Stock Exchange initiative to 
absorb over-the-counter share trading 
seems to be working. A dozen 
licensed dealers have recently submit- 
ted applications for Stock Exchange 

About half these applications are a 
direct result of the Exchange's plans to 
set up a third market tier beneath the 
Unlisted Securities Market which 
would encompass more basic over- 
the-counter shares. The Exchange's 
move stemmed from the Financial 
Services Bill, which demands that 
OTC securities dealing be conducted 
through a Recognised Investment 
Exchange (RIE). 

Any RIE must have proper report- 
ing and its members must have 
adequate capital resources and in- 
ternal procedures to protect cus- 
tomers. OTC dealers themselves were 
unable to organize this — not least 
because of the costs and jealousies 
among themselves.The Exchange's 
move to capture the OTC will itself 
not be without difficulties. 

In a sense, the Exchange is cleverly ■ 
using the time gap between big bang 
and the date that self-regulation 
becomes operational to build a strong 
position from the start. It is effectively 
attempting to limit access to the 
market to Stock Exchange members 
by stipulating that thud market 
companies will require sponsorship 
by a member of the Exchange. 

As a temporary measure this is 
justified. The third market is due to 
become operational on big bang day — 
October 27 — and the Securities and 
Investments Board will not be ready 
to receive its powers under the 
Financial Services Bill until early next 

The SIB has already said that an 
RIE cannot limit its membership to 
persons authorized by a particular 
SRO .The Stock Exchange, therefore, 1 
will have eventually to allow a 
member of any SRO access to the 
third market 

There is also stiU a problem over 
liquidity in this third markeLAt 
present, it is difficult to deal in size on 
the OTC at advertised prices. Merely 
introducing these companies to a 
wider range of market-makers will not 
automatically increase dealings. 

Existing market-makers, while 
welcoming the third market, say that 
tiiey will want to see a good sponsor- 
ing broker behind the third market, 
company before they will make a 
market in it. It remains to be seen ' | 
whether third market companies will - 
hold out sufficient reward to attract 
sponsors of high standard. 

: it slS? 



Find out about the growth opportunities 
in Japan. Phone Fidelity’s Investment 
Advisers today before 1 p.m. 
or Monday to Friday 9.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. 


w w iMwm a 




to .avoid a possible downdraft 
from the expiration of index 
fatures and options, and indi- 
vidual stock options. 

/The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which rose _ eight 
points in the First 50 minutes, 
was up only 3.58 to 1,859.44 
by late morning. 

Jim Jun 
19 IB 

Declining shares had a 
small lead over advancing 
issues at the mid-morning 

Later, the transport indi- 
cator was np 0.25 at 773.00. 
with the utilities average up 
0.61 at 18&63 and the broader 
65 stocks average np 1.20 at 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change composite index rose 
0.11 to 140 -31 while Standard 
& Poor's 500-index was np 
0.27 at 244.33. 

• E* flu. I AM c 

• saa pswtfuwt 

999 555 
226 201 
101 so 

170 11S 
170 <40 
I >8 Mr 
174 139 
16S 13S 
3C5 237 
BBS 300 
-805 1ST* 
Ul 112 
M 79 
26S 217 
62 36 

74 SO 
IIS 85 
210 161 
351 296 

TR MEM - *» 
7R C4V O* too DM313 

mwias is? 

TR MM Re* ■ 2l8 

■m norm an w 

m paebc 8 M MS 
TR PrufMRV 17* 

Til T« 3 i <10 

WTiMM *62 

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7>voa SeearW CIO 365 
TwaOam 29} 
Trow* T3J 

TOMH me . J! 
US OaMmn 256 

'Msmtxxar. EQT m 
VKan 2» 

Roan 951 

U 05335 
S8S 60 317 
5.7 30 417 

lie 54 23 4 . 
22 tt 514 
14 03 . 

57 3233 $ 

26 24 SI 9 

833 M 379 
78 48274 
119 4.1 SIS 

55 27504 

za SO 375 

158 17 « 52 
U 38617 
£9 58 211 
22 57 435 
33 *9»9 
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BM TWer Ctag YM 

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ea £6i*7 
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529 56104 

• 2*3 25 296 

189 84 80 

• •4 05- 04 

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2 Fom Strew. Loroon EC2V 5AO 
□1-560 1815 

Income 37385 a ..4 76 

acoah no 7993 

Depow iOO-O 960 


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MOO 373393 

Arrar Gnwtn 24 1 257 -02 190 

EOUOV «Wi Income 42.7 4U« -04 420 

Ewwraan Gnowfli 2*6 26* -03 20 0 

General Eourty 389 *1 4 -03 260 

HAFnMlmCan 294 31 3 320 

CM 6 Food Inc 249 263 -02 9 50 

man Seameet 2S5 n a .. 220 

Japan Grown 262 30 1 -04 090 

161. CraapHle. London EC2V 6EU 
01-726 (999 

CwU Accum 297 4 30$ 7a -07 1A7 
Energy Try* 443 47 1 -02 4 43 

E-TT* means 163 7 lT« 1 *10 510 

F-wit# 1823 1726 -07 195 

G* Snstogv 560 577* 1.71 

Orowin tn vea mani 2823 300 3 *1 6 2 *3 

income 6 Grand! 406 43 I a -03 439 

■lacunae & p*c*c 144 6 1536 -10 06i 

NIB Mw Growtn 1062 1119 -08 064 

me Rncoacry 111 7 1199 *07 187 

SmMWCOS Z069 2200 rOJ IN 

Gat* me Tsi $60 59sa *0 1 551 

105.2 1119 
HI 7 1199 
2069 2200 
560 395a 

C>o«n Houle Wotang GU21 1XW 
0*662 5033 

Hon income Tina J40 7 2S7S .. 509 
OUMiMhill 7220 2774 .. 103 

Arrtanean Trust 1316 1*10 .- 871 


W H " 283 ‘- 

UK Incsma 500 ..460 

UK Grm«i Aecum 500 . . 2*9 

Do C*» 50.0 ..2*8 

European Orman 500 .. 18* 

PMteQnowm 500 .. .. 

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031-226 3*92 

Amtncau Fund 714 76* -0 4 233 

Cootal Fuml S3* 9 S3 -07IM 

Amtncan Fund 71 4 754 

Caoui FtetH S3* 9 S3 

Omni a me Fim 1301 1394 
wqr Uoi Fund 106* 1110 
lerenarioiui Fund 168 9 2021 
RrKourWfc Fund IS* 20 7 

SrnUr Jap Cos Fna 35 1 375 

Tom* Fund 1*A9 1550 

[Eil Amtr Ul 1*6 1 1509 

1 E11 Japan i3i ioae 1Q4 1« 

tt*1 FacAc i*| 2329 Ml 1 

1*61 I50i9 
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2329 Ml 1 

Smaoir jao (4i 1926 '889 0 10 

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Bam Road. cmwonnam. QUuceSW GL53 710 
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Do Dm 505 6*1 *10 227 

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Eurnocen Trua *6 7 50 I -O 5 0 *7 

Eiira mconw Trust 461 *9 3 -02 5*3 

Far Eautm Trust HAS 1J7 1 -02 B09 

F-*M mier#jl Fuad 268 287 *01 852 

rvn TruBi 2*7 2.’ 9a -03 8.79 

OH. F«na Acorn 1582 166-1 -71 On 

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Hwn hcome i'uM 1*01 1506 *1 0 5 1* 

Horn Kong Trial MB 27 6 _ 103 

inean* Fund 75 0 804 -flfi 3J3 

(nsoi«i» <uenD4S C*7I6 5067 —052 1 90 

japan Truss 1207 1370a 000 

Managed banu 269 5 7797 *09 223 

OJ * Enemy Trua 312 335 1 SO 

5PK1J1 SI* TruM 917 B6£ -11079 

uk S m» CsReeTjt m «.* . 141*3 

Mntwsnr Hse. 77. uonoon Waf Lsndan EC2N 

fli-588 5620 

icoOwnh n& 82oa -o* tm 

r . 







AE unlikely to remain 
independent this time 

expects AE, former' are among the lone list of 
■ESEBSSErati! *■*.» JSY* an 

indepM&we. .«Uk ( interest to afemTOW , m 
T urner^* NewaJTs .Tnd, American company with a 
launched yesterday^ may not turnover of sibSiion (£4 
be high enough to succeed, a bfflion) is rumoured to be 
mgfier otter is; widejy oyect- interested l»rt.w1ietlier GKN 
.cd to .win over shareho ld e r s. wnnM hf atinaMi m km » 

mgier oner is; widely expect- interested l»rt.w1ietlier GKN 

would be allowed, to bid is 
AE is lucky to have got this still uncertain. 

“T •» cow- There is always the.chance 
ny: In ]983 m board. mdiid- tha ihe Monopolies Com- 
Wgwe present cmjnnait. Sir mission; would want to pre- 

• Jft. ; ^ . • • • • ^ ****** . «MV 4<«vuv|wmn) wur 

SSa - r D^ssi^ ^oiild want to jkc- 

Jotu C<myear, raxnmna^cd serve AFs research team in 
ato/ from GKN. an independent company. 
TJe. rompany- was saved But that risk looks smai 
wbenthe bid, was referred to SharehoWert should sit tight 
tneMonopolies Commission .. .... 

^jobJocked tbe takeover.^ Rotaflex/EffleSS 
At the same: time ■ Mr — — 7 • - • 

Patrick Evershed, then of 

stockbrokers Laurence Prust, - JEiqesc Lightira’s £54 raS- 
aigued strongfyr on AFs be- Mon final oner far Rotaflex, 
half that the- terms were too which was clearly intended as 
low. - at knock-out blow, bad-some 

His judgement proved to of its thunder stolen yeszer- 
be right aitdithe company has day as the 'market seethed 
recovered strongly since with reports ofa white lcnight 
GKbTs 1 bid. Its value has about to drier the fray, 
risen sharply, ' with ' Buyingin the market by W 
yesterday** part cash 'bid Greenwdl, the stockbroker, 
from Turner A Newall -valo- caused speculation- that MK 
ing it at £194 miffion. But Electric Group was the white 

-even this is probably not . Rotaflex' shares rose 

enough, to win aver, share- 62p toa high at 450p. 

holders, who again can look 
to Mr Evershed, now : . at 
Laureoce.Keen, a fund man- 
agement group, to argue tifeir 
case. He speaks for more than 
7 per cent of theshares iirAE. 
* News of the bid sbm AFs 
sharcsraring from 18% to 
230p, well above, the 196p 
value of the offer.. Analysts 
expect its conservatively stat- 
ed, pro fitsio rise from £22.6 
million to £25 million in the 
year to September, which 
means the ofle^ values AEon 
a prospective earnings multi- 
ple of only 12. : ; - 

Mr Evershed. says AFs 
conservative accounting- un- 
derstates the realvalueof the 
.compan y^V^utV AJS^mi^t 

company could call £3? mil- 
lion;. In that case the offer is 
on a multiple of merdy eight 
While Mr Evershed may be 
ihdnlging in a fittie wishful 
thinking, hi* figctres\suggest . 
that there is sufficient worth 
in AE to attract otherbidefas. 

' Its - technology is - well 
{mown, not just ui tins motor 
component field. And even 
AE admits that a biggerforce 
is hetter snited to today’s 
international ■ .markets. - It 
does* however, imply that 
size is not everything. ' ■ - 
' . Turner & Newall ’s rivals 
are expected to declare their 
hand' shortly. Laird.and IT 

The . four*fbr4hree share 
offer from Emess Values each 
Rotaflex share at 448p, on 
Emess . shares 7 p higher at 
336p;Thecash oner las been 
raised to 400p. 

The - share deal ■ puts 
Rotaflex on a generous his- 
toric p/e ratio of 2A2 and a 
prospective one: of 15.9. 
Rotaflex, however, does not 
seem to. be impressed. . 

Rotaflex objects to hs pro- 
spective rating being lower 
than Emess’s, when it says its 
earn ingsper share froml 981 
to. 1986 -have grown- at- a : 
contpenmd 75.1 per cent 
against 2£8 per - cent- at 
Emess. Emess enjoys a histor- 
ic'-. rating- of 23-7 and a 
prospective of 1 8.7, based on 
yesteitiay’sforecast of taxable 
profits this year of at least 
£43 'million against £3.38 
milli on last year. ; 

“Rotaflex has pot' up a 
vigorous defence, including a 
forecast ofarise of nearly 50 
per cent in taxable profits this 
year. However, its ability to 
sbeofTEmess must now be in 
doubt unless ii gets a tittfe 
help from its, friends.; Its 
shares were only standing at 
210pbefore the Emess bid.' . 

A white, knight would have 
to offer terras at least as good 
as Emess’s,- unless it could 
present more compelling syn- 
ergy arguments. Emess has 

. argued the commercial logic 
of its bid . is undeniable. 
Rotaflex disagrees. 

- MK Electric, if indeed it 
emerges next week as the 
white knight, could lave a 
problem offering terms as fell 
as Emess’s. Its p/e ratio on 
1984-85 profits is 1Z6. Prof- 
its for 1985-86 are due out 
next week, but are nor expect- 
ed to be over-inspiring after 
.the drop in interim profits. 
Emess,. however, will sot 
suffer any dilution from its 
increased bid. 

Shareholders should still 
sit. tight and await 
developments. ' 


Has the Renold engineer- 
ing group, best known for its 
rhams , nm out of steam after, 
its splendid recovery from 
the brink of disaster four 
years ago? 

Yesterday’s annual results 
suggest that., after all the 
restructuring, cost-cutting, re- 
dundancies and improved 
efficiencies, there may not be 
modi further to go in the 
shorr-fo-medftnn term. - Pre- 
tax profits Of £7.6 million in 
the year to March, up from 
£4.5 million, were in line with 
most expectations, as was the 
'13p final dividend, the first 
for three years. However, the 
latest figures include a one- 
off £1.3 million credit from 
an overfunded American 
pension scheme, as well as a 
£90Q£Q0 reduction in inter- 
est charges. . 

Trading profits were np 10 
' per cent at £10 million, with' 
.domestic profits slightly 
down at £53 million. Second 
half margins on turnover 
showed a rail after a £300,000 
currency loss and a £189,000 
profit sharing payment. 

-The news for this year is 
hardly encouraging.. Sir 
Campbell Adamson, chair- 
man, expects the weakness in 
UK- domestic-manufacturing 
industry to continue at . least 
forlhe. first half of the. year 
and is alre&jty predicting a 
drop in interim-profits. 

Against the gloom; Renold 
argues tharit has ' a range of 
new products on The develop- 
ment floor " The results 
caused, the. shares to drop 9p 
to 78p yesterday but even at 
that price it would seem- that 
bid. rather than growth, pros- 
pects are the best reason for 
buying; : ' * 

M&S slips after profits warning 

The poor start to the sum- 
mer and the absence of Ameri- 
can tourists in the capital this 
year are taking their toll of toe 
leading high sum retailer 
Maries and Spencer. 

- -Next week the company is 
expected to meet a number of 
leading City analysts to urge 
them not to pitch their profit 
forecasts for daisy ear too high- 
Yesterday, it met several bro- 
kers — including Williams de- 
Broe — and gave them the 
same message. Most analysis 
bad been looking for pretax 
profits of more than £425 
million, compared with last 
year’s £355.8 million. 

Brokers such as de Zoete & 
Bevan . lad predicted £430 
million and one has even 
pitched its estimate as high as 
£440 million. 

The shares of Marks and 
Spencer lost an early lead 
yesterday, to dose Ip lighter at 
20 Ip and dealers now fear that 
the price Trill dip below 200p 
next week as it tries to get hs 
message across before the 
annual meeting on July 3. 

One broker .commented; 
“The group is now anxious to 
talk down wilder Gty esti- 


; rrarri ; r n ^>7^1 






% r^Tfi 

t S 


T '-M » 

mates. following the poor start 
to the year.” 

It is likely that analysts will 
now .be looking for pretax 
profits of between £410 mil- 
lion and £415 million for the 
current year - to March 31, 
1987 —and that this could 
result in a nervous lime for the 
share price 

The financial services group 
Abaco Investments is visiting 
a n umber of brokers over the 
pextconple of weeks following 
its latest acquisition and rights 
issue. The shares np I7p, so 
far, on this account dipped 2p 
to 66p. Dealers say they could 
hit lOOp soon. British & 
Commonwealth now owns a 21 ‘ 

per cent stake. 

Elsewhere in stores. Next 
jumped by 1 Op to 262p follow- 
ing a visit to the company by 
the influential Scottish broker 
Wood Mackenzie on Thurs- 
day, while bid speculation 
continued to surround Com- 
bined English Stores, un- 
changed at 240p. 

Elam. 8p up at 238p and Sir 
Philip Harris's Harris 
Qneensway, steady at 236p, 

By Michael Clark 

have both been mentioned as 
possible suitors. 

The rest of the equity 
market continued its strong 
run with the FT 30 index 
notching up its sixth consecu- 
tive daily gain. It finished 3.4 
points up at 1,353.4. despite 
rumours that another big 
rights issue had been planned, 
but stopped at the last minute. 
Its rival, the FT-SE 100 index, 
rose by 7.6 points to 1,637.2. 
However, turnover was down 
to a trickle, with most inves- 
tors opting for an early start to 
the weekend break. 

Gilts encountered early sell- 
ing, with still no sign ofa cut 
in bank base rates, but later 
rallied to close narrowly 
mixed. The Government bro- 
ker decided to issue £150 
million in each of four existing 
tap stocks. 

The imminent flotation of 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, has focused atten- 
tion on the rest of the 
merchant banks. Investors ap- 
pear to be taking the view that 
the rest of the sector is now 
undervalued compared with 
Morgan’s rating. 

As a result, buyers came in 

for Hill Samuel, 1 5p higher at 
403p. Klein wort Benson, 30p 
to 5 10p and Mercery Interna- 
tional, up by a similar figure to 
783p. English Trust Group 
firmed 5p to 134p. but Brown 
Shipley dosed all-square at 
6l5p. after 620p. 

Bank of Scotland hardened 
2p to 404p after making an 

Shares of property developer 
Land securities stood out with 
a 12p rise to a new peak of 
335p yesterday. The chartists 
claim the shares are a bay and 
still have some life left in 
them. A merger with rival 
MEPC, up Sp at 348p, has 
been mentioned in the past and 
cannot be rated oat. 

agreed, £16.8 million bid for 
the Commercial ft»nir of 
Wales, the quoted vehicle of 
Sir Julian Hodge. Shares of 
CBW dipped 6p to 69p on the 
news. The rest of the clearing 
banks spent another dull day, 
drifting lower on lack of 

National Westminster 
slipped 7p to 502p, Midland 
Bank 5p to 527p, Barclays 3p 

to 494p and Lloyds Bank 2p to; 
362p. Analysts are still wort 
ried about ibe prospects for 
dividend growth over the 
medium term and fear that 
pressure might be put on lire, 
clearer* to retain more of their 
spare cash as inflation contin- 
ues io fall. ^ 

Scapa Group firmed 2p to " 
470p after paying £4.3 million 
for Multiflex Internationals' ' 
British subsidiary, Mulliflex; 
UK Inc. which makes umbili-'. 
cal cables for carrying signals - 
between fixed and floating; 
platforms. ; * 

It could soon be decision-- 
time for Mr Robert Holmes 3k-' 
Court’s Bell Group with re- - 
gard to its holding in MorguE 
Crucible. 3p lighter at 3! Op. 
The Bell Group’s year-end is: 
later this month and it musl- 
decide if it wishes to sell its U ' 
per cent stake in Crucible and! 
take its profit, or increase its:, 
holding to 20 per cent. - '<■ 

Meanwhile, Crucible is; 
about to hit the acquisition! 
trail itself. The group is plan-: 
ning two acquisitions in tbe= 
United States and one in^ 
Australia, for a total of S80! 
million (£54 million). ; 





1 ' f 1 m * rTT' I 

f> I V i '-.IB 1 1 1 r i . - 1 iTS ‘J. 3 Liiii n 

• DRG: The company is to buy 
for S 12 million (£8.1 million) 
from Hercules of Delaware, the 
Hercules Thennoforming busi- 
ness. of Union, Missouri, and 
worldwide rights to Hercules 
technology in that field. DRG 
has been the British Hercules 
licensee for the past seven years 


Ninety per cent of the rights 
issue (4,130,179 ordinary 
shares) have been taken up. 

• A A J GELFER: Company 
has recei ved an approach which 
may lead to an offer for the 
share capital. 

Hestair is to make an agreed* 
offer, valuing each JSD ordinary 
share at 168.8p each and the 
entire capital at £9-2 million. 
Terms: nine Hestair ordinary 
shares for every 10 JSD 
ordinaries. Cash alternative: 
l50p for each JSD ordinary. 
Hestair has irrevocable under- 
takings to accept for 56J per 
cent of the capital Hestair has 
also agreed to acquire three 
nursing and residential homes 
in Norfolk and Lincolnshire for 
£1.95 million. 

• SYLTONE: Total dividend 
unchanged at 1 Op for the year to 
March 31, 1986. Turnover 
£2022 million (£19.16 million). 
Pretax profit £802,000 (£1.35 
million). Earnings per share 
14.47p (28.05 p). 

SOCIETY: The society has 

launched a £250 million, float- 
ing-rate note issue under the 
lead management of Baring 
Brothers. The notes will mature 
in July. 1996 and will be issued 
at par. 

INGS: Year to March 31. 1986. 
Group profit, after tax, £3.11 
million (£3.42 million). Total 
dividend 9.5p (9.25p). Earnings 
per share 21. 4p (24. 8p). Net 
assets per share 327p (323p). 

• WIGFALLS: Year to Match 
29. 1986. Dividend 2.5p (nil). 
Turnover £55 million (£46.3 
million). Pretax profit £355,000 
(£62.000 loss). Earnings per 
share, before extraordinary 
items. 0.7p ( 1 ,2p loss). 

Year to March 31, 1986. No 
dividend (nil). Turnover £13.9 1 
million (£12.68 million). Pretax 
profit £16.000 (loss £380,0001 
Earnings per share 0.30p (loss 

Year to March 29, 1986. Turn- 
over £29.95 million (£31.35 
million). Pretax profit £2.42 
million (£1.56 million). Total 
dividend 3.85p (3.25p). Earn- 
ings per share 9.9p (6.8p). 

months to March 31. 1986. 
Turnover £20.85 million 
(£18.53 million). Pretax profit 
£4.43 million (£439 million). 
The board explains that results 
for a single quarter should not 
be taken as a guide for a full 


Accord Pub (125p) 
Alumasc (150p) 

Arlington (VT5p) 

Ashley (L) f1S5p) 

Barker (Charles) (150p) 
BSck (147p) 

Br island (60p) 

Brodero (145p) 

Campbell Armstrong (11 
Clarke Homer (13$) 
Dalepak (I07p) 

Dean & B <50p) 

Denstron (top) 

Eadie (39p) 

Evans Hate haw (I20p) 
Fields (MRS) (140p) 
Guthrie Corp (150p) 


Jurys Hotel (I15p) 
Lope* (145p) 

Monotype (57p) 

Savage (tOOp) 
Soundtracks (40p) 

Task Force (95p) 

Tech For Bus (1l0p) 
Templeton (2i5p) 

Tenby Inds (1 ifc) 

Usher (Frank) (lOOp) 
westbury (I45p) 
Worcester (110p) 


Amari N^* 

Cater Afen F/P 
Ctrffords Dairies N/P 
Crean (J) N/P 
Five Oaks N/P 
Friendly Hotels N/P 
Gerrard N/P 
Lap F/P 
Nat West N/P 
Nail & Spencer N/P 
Prudential F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

M2 *2 

151 +2 

213 -fZ 


Til rf 

152 *Z 










103 -2 
39 -fcT 




30 tJ 
298 -7 


UJO 1541 
■MJM 14JS 4<13< 

area 2saa +24 

-2S15 m . 4 ♦1,7 

MLS.UtA -as 
Itas 1247 +0.1 

ims uat . -os 

omxm Fund isrj i«44 

*tm N iUBM 1724 1SU 

Property Find 13+0 141.1 

Hmad Cbrrancy Ml J W75 

euaTTWii c» 12a* oos 

Sura Find •• 1003 TOSS ^oi 

BkM 0*3 Fund 1210 1295 +1J 

AdMKuraua Fvd 1291 iSiS +OJ 
FVrioreanca.AMd 1191 1425 ♦is 



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Paoke Acam 730 77.1 **5 

Tactmotoajr sccum 895 1QM +15 

ttatinl Rea Accam *02 SIS +0,8 

Ju»n Qnrti Accun 1775 lg4 *82 

BlDpHn Accam 735 774 +07 

peovnerr mutual 

25/31. MoorgUi London EC2R 8BA 
01-828 3232^ 

MnnuBd Ord 

BW OKar Ong YU 

Urugad Ftand 351.3 369.5 ^5 

Properw Fung Z5T5 26*5 *1.1 

Bqpfc Fmd 3625 *02.1 +155 

oadtand Ficd 3455 363.7 +15 

O^WifFWd 1865 lffi.8 

towstnunr Ftmd ISIS 1898 . *92 

■ nw nrtcfW Fund 3385 35*3 +*S 

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D1-6B0 080B 

E at* And kan IRS 175.0 
Fbwa Hns see in.* it7S 
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pwwry Aeon 15*7 igs 
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A +14 .. 

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a +358 " 

+82 .. 
+55 .. 
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-32 .. 
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4 -02 .. 

2 +22 .. 

12 +20 .. 

' 0 +51 . . 

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CCM Vangd Uod 3397 3S75 +A8 
Eqn«y PMon CM 480.7 506.0 +145 
OHM PMWan 2*57 2585 +7.1 

ISO SI vincant Si. Qtogow 
041-248 2323 

Eou^F 3015 31 8S 

RMdHrat 1B24 2015 

■w n w lw w 2Z77 2387 

Prownj 1293 1367 

Cuh 1347 1413 

umgad 2367 2*87 


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SSI 1007 IBS 

udm-untad aao 10*7 

Find hem 10*4 non 

Mo»d 127.1 03 B 

UK EW 1225 1290 

mmn i unnni 132.0 138.7 

Anancan 1165 12*5 

JMpm 1582 1B4S 

Europunn 1»7 1*10 

P*C«C 1359 1*3.1 

Technology 12Q8 1770 

Foragn SOfCmnnqf 1165 1230 

1 mVl> U^L/UiSi XV X 



Equities extend their run 

daily prize rnmey sated If >au arc a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of jour card You must always ha»e 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 16 . Dealings end June 27 . §Cbntango day June 3 a Settlement day July 7 . 
§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



£4.000 £8.000 

Cairns required Claims required 
for for _ 

+44 points + 1 80 points 

Claimants shoold ring 0254-53272 

C aid or 

Xa Compear 




Scoil Green ham 

Fnhcr (Albert) 

Newnark tlouni 

General Motor 


Aovt BRk O' Can 




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82 43 

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Breni Walker 


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Amber Ind 

prince of W Hotels I HoieKCairren 


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26 187 





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XI 20.4 



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3.7 193 

Cable 0 WVaWj* 680 

Caraonag* Dec M 

CP Go 215 

CMonda AS 

Do 7V*V CPF 195 

Cflinc ip yw 

Cray CM 315 

CrySUUM 248 

Dae EM 68 

Datnerv 178 

Dewmra 'A - s it 

Oomno 345 

Dowdng a MBS 43 

OAPWr 188 

19 MB 302 
19 2-0 7.9 

13 B ZB 229 
108 A A 1A6 
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Drapers .Sums 

Industrials A-D 

fndiuinafs S-Z 

Dr j pen. Si ores 


Industrials S-Z 


Insusinals S-Z 

Industrials A-D 

Owner Cans 

Brown (Man he*) 

Eire in cats 


Induslnab A-D 

Please be sure to take account 
of any min ns signs 

WeeXly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
today's newspaper. 


96'. 94-. 
02'. 100’. 
03 95'. 
100'. 93V 
97'. 92'- 
101V 97'- 

01'* 95'- 
97'- 90 . 
DA'. 97'. T 
99'- SZ'-T 
04'. 96' E 
02'- 94'. 

94v 66' 
02- SO'. 
0T- 93' 
05'- 95' ■ 
04'. 93'. 
II'- 94 - 
88'- 76'- 
86'- » 
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Si £■. 

03'- 92'- 
92 M-. 

14'j 103- 
13'- 101'. 
89’- 7*T- 
00'- 99'. 
06'- 92- 

23 6 651 

xa 9998 

30 9.442 

02 9412 

26 6686 
0 4 9 405 

BlB 0 767 
99 9338 

31 6544 

14 9274 

79 B8S8 

03 9081 

98 9127 

32 6 719 

94 9268 
09 9 210 

02 9204 

98 9287 

9.7 0352 

29 6199 

215 160 
170 120 
248 182 

art i5'i 
158 116 
45 22 

33* 160 
450 150 
615 445 
144 74 

54 31*7 

(88 96 

216 158 

134 84 

16V 13V 
253 170 
125 52 
529 374 
225 170 
360 225 
308 208 
273 JOB 
285 246 
190 118 
475 320 
320 225 
108 54 

103 75 

285 230 

Bectrmc Macli 83 

Bnaronc Rentals 59 

Ernes* Lzgftng 337 

Emnenn 3U 

Femal EM 188 

Farrar® 132 

Fcwwfl Tea 45 

OEC 204 

Grananor 120 

EM 96 

Bt TO 

M Sum S Control 271 

Jonas Seoul 230 

Hops 185 

Lk Rebgarara 283 

Uaca 172 

mk Beet 383 

Mamec 295 

MOO BS 70 

M<to Focus 170 

UuMOne EM *6 

Murray EM 58 

Nawmark (Louts) 30B 

NB 10< 

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Fn**H Rn 5>4 nSO 
Mps Um UN 814V 
PPM 215 

DO 'A' LH votng 167 

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Quern Auuneiun 23 

Rseai Baa 200 

RotaSei 448 

SAtte (QH) 585 

Snorraok 144 

Sami QNusion 35 

STC 154 

Skim M 180 

107 71 

54 » 

163 74 

570 358 
80 32 

108 83V 
425 331 

■1 40 

173 121 
212 156 
48 32 

315 207 'j 
305 208 
23'/ 1BV 
80 48 
225 178 
116 92 

10"* 715 

259 171 

260 188 
3<5 <68 

19'/ 17'/ 
371 251 
102'/ 83 
110 98 

<18 95 
137 57V 

135 25 

97 81 

88 72 

Com Su a u my 


cgpsoi (F) 


Courtney Poem 
Cowan Da Great 
Cram NOioiaoa 
Crown ROHM 

Currans V.V 





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Dawas A N o a* n a n 

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511 *-2 


173 *3 
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Dobson Park 

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383 «-a 

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213 a+2 

114 -2 

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206 - 3 

253 8*3 


17'/ « .. 
251 • -* 


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135 *2 


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13 3 1 10.7 

8.4 40118 

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123 34 12.1 

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33 44 .. 
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10.4 40 106 
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7.5 30 155 

74 73 (45 
71 86 116 

79 75 51 
33 26 15J 

5 7 8 6 203 

57 76 182 

124 78 

241 75 

261 95 

12$ 75 

17 13. 

76'. 46'- 
27A 212 
540 293 
130 IQ2 
195 123 
198 >16 

£ 3 

13S 69 

198 Ifil 
375 239 
154 89 

231 180 
31/ 1i’/ 
110 55 

M8 78 
295 210 
124 82 

253 177 
188 137 
740 335 
I® 120 
598 J26 
84 56 

44 36 

S3 43-. 
09 73 
830 503 
178 135 


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UntMr MV) 



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71 31 108 

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186 a l 132 
86 80 1S3 

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11 I 54 lU 
16 16 181 
51 28279 

143 45 103 
41 32 89 

30 14 27.8 

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-3 79 86157 

- 3 35 13 190 

79 78 88 
113 AC 13 D 
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1 86 76 905 

l+r W Or ZB 173 
-2 36 50 182 

1 u 35 142 
38 45 12.5 

260 36 145 
20 On 25 215 

AT 33 14 7 


313 248 Easton Prat 
221 15B Basra 
277 214 EtS 
40'/ 39V EM 
143 10?'/ EM) 

75 35 11.7 
75 A5 9.1 
72 10 176 

System Desman 110 

TDK El 4’. 

31 26 175 
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A3 22 128 
7.1 16 236 

3I.A 56 132 
2-7 15 285 

06 1.7 85 

. . . . 1 A3 

85 At IDO 
08 06 272 

Thom emi 
T horp# (FW) 

UB 308 

Umbeh 206 

UM Leasing 24S 

UB SdaoWc 128 
VG mntmenci 475 
Vatax 318 

WHOrn fltucdon 81 
Whnwortti Em 75 
WMMb Rung 245 

100 AB 17.1 
26 46 31 
250 53 160 

81 37 112 

25 08 201 

75 28 212 
85 4.1 11 1 
53 22 75 
8.1 84 104 

36 06285 
114 38 132 

43 53 130 

22 25 115 
05 45125 


248 228 AMigwerM 238 

184 128 Anker. HOM 154 

750 300 AmaMaasa too 

193 HO Bartuey Teen 193 

36 18'/ Carat 08 

283 194 Candover 263 

43 16 Camaeny 32 

27'/ 17 Equity t Can 28 

185 163 fray 6 Sana 165 

194 1S3 MnetM 180 

78 75 nw Home Inons 76 

94 93 Oo 84. £94 

148 114 Nawnorhat Ml 

16 08 . 
32 31 85 

275 39 65 



185 O .. 
180 • .. 

17.1 09 742 

57 22 415 

12 7 

65 4.1 33 t 
86b 45 256 

FtaneW Tmali appaar on Pag* 22 

48 38'i 
205 160 
398 391 
2«1 180 
158 UB 
111 76'r 
128 102 
IS 112 
100 S7'i 

138 92 
285 245 
160 138 
142 112 

20 15 

163 127 
131 100 
345 172 
298 215 
180 113 
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101V 7B'r 
10 734 
410 333 
118 102 
225 179 
85 82 

176 131 
330 2ifi 
73 36 

233 178 

139 67 

AKZO H/V Qeenr 
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gz. 0 *** 

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a+i 85 

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a +2 125 

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a-i 36 
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28'. 17'- Bscmma (AE) "B" £24'. 
98 52 aotl IB) 97 

29-. 18*. Eranart D5 

381 26 2 Engkah China On> 335 
28V 19V Encssjn tUD ■B 1 O* 
168 143 Eittaia Hpuca 1*8 

V 77 ',132V Euopaan Feme. >38'/ 
140 112 Do 3"b W (38 

342 158 Eaered 280 

133 1(1 Evade >30 

Z20 127 Eipwmat M 19B 

415 315 EaM 370 

a 22 Fatten a 

42 28 Feeoea Aanc Md 37 

143 108 Fenner MB) i25 

75 80 File burner 50 

ass 408 Foam «□ 

59 35 FttZMMnt 58 

124 84 RnKto CAW 108 

89 31'/ Fbtwl *8'/ 

123 100 Fogarty 1(3 

4C/ 27'/ Foms Group *W 3*'/ 
199 157 Foenip* a Harvey 190 
87 51 French (Thomas) 60 

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3B5 256 GXN 374 

310 260 GR 305 

118 60 Gn*t Eng iifi 

M7 too GAStemer 139 

150 111 Graves 142 

1IV75B'/ Glaao EI0V 

338 194 Oytwrad 330 

505 *00 Gorwig X«r *00 

238 107 Grampmn Hdg* >48 
312 206 Granada 25B 

UP- 7 GnnmM 7'/ 

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232 13* IM Eng 218 

162 126 )M (M) 138 

265 183 HMK8 225 

2b® 23® Kahna 200 

39 B>. Hanpsoo M 37 
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101 141 Hanaon 177 

180 M5 Go 0X Gne E1SJ 

116 80 Oo 5V% pf ns 

124V11BV Do 10N £120'- 

188 133 l lli gr aa a ai 188 
225 ITS Hank IPMpI 225 
823 431 HawMfSattrtay SS7 
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121 81 Hay tNmrnm) 118 
220 140 Ha p w u W CHramtt 200 i 
201 98 Hanar 201 

98 65 IMIt 98 

1*2 122 Hahgate 8 Jcb M0 
81 82 HoUanM 87 

101 68 Ho* Lloyd 93 

285 148 HqtNm 258 

120 91 Howden 100 

15V 114 Matson Bay £tJV 

310 234 Hurting Atam 280 < 

115 88 Hurrnig Group 108 < 

285 zarv iwcram w ram poe 349 
188 119 M 179 

315 211 botrai 235 

295 265 Jacksons Bart* Z70 
123'/ 98'i JanSne Ma9r 108 
815 473 Jomson CMenere 563 

311 133 JptiMon Uamy 283 

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330 335 Jourson 295 < 

138 « Jones 8 SHpmen 132 
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29 21 KWamezao 33 

38 25 Keon 39 

325 188 Nosey bef too i 

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298 230 KatatWPM) 373 

143 S3 6 2 
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Investment Trusts appear on Page 22 


144 98 

220 128 
171 98 

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326 158 
386 325 

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128 93 

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103 32 

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175 135 
391 Z78 
380 326 
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135 11 157 
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39 22 UM 

317 243 Up 
323 216 UM 

71 42 Uweta 

77 41 Ue (Arthur) 

3* 25 Uacara 
80 87 UMsnal 
■8 64 Umaad 

67 §3 Lloyd <FM) 

S 23V LodMrm 
230 >79 Lon Moaad 

78 59V Ian 6 Mho 
277 138 Lon W 
228 04 Lrmpna M0 
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391 3S3 MLHdge 
115 64 MS W 

50'/ 32 MY DM 
393 255 Msearmya (Mm 
150 121 MndMara 
73 43 MacWWl (P&W) 

298 105 McKechnhr 
12S 78 Me^HW 
695 495 Mtnawrter 94p 

79 52 Manganese Braraa 
86 68 Haig 

115 85 Marshall (Lortey) 

85 65 UartNRg Um 

663 360 Harare* 

805 525 Uacsl Ben 
194 126 MWOwa 
Si 55 Matakla 
78'< 61 MbdM Cons 
123 70 uacha* Samara 
196 163 Udna 

318 212 Uorgmt CnMbla 
138 95 Maas iRoben) 

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41 28 W aa mran Mi 
144 92 Harman Yonhs 
« 48V Hoeon 
272 188 Noraras 
258 203 Office Sea Medi : 
448 247 Psrfrar KnaU A’ 

3*5 223 Park Mace 
940 HS PamthJT « 

528 383 Pearson 
27 11 Peak 

135 08 Paarios 
674 332 Psgtyr-HatMrslay i 
890 280 Fmraana M l 
14 775 WwkyMtT 
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385 195 Portab 
323 215 Porar Chadbun 
314 238 PnwaS Duffryn 
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32 A3 127 
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16 26 982 
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184 95 Prastweh HUas 
131 98 Pmehjitf Sara 

215 97 RFO 

ISO 119 RHP 
130 123 Raaera Maw 
589 421 RM Dig 
228 115 Ransoma Suns 
138 98 Rattta Kb Bnt* 

900 805 Racket 8 OoknW 
2«5 118 Radleam GHu 
271 200 Raao Eucukva 
9 . 649 Raad tat 
173 132 (Wyon 
91 57 Hanokf 

107 88 Raenor 
478 34S daman 
34 21 Romm 

180 110 ncanto Eng 
83 S3 Wwd (Lao) 

58 19 RKflaraeon V*aat 


JE »pw»- »3 b-z 

3S8 283 Br ConananwoAtl 291 • . 

366 353 CaMdoma 253 *-8 

84 K Fanaroameci 68 

603 480 Gnug 500 

75 54’ jaeiis UQ 76 

12 5 Lyte S 

41 a Mersey Docks 38 

239 138 AE 
. 168 79 Anptayard 

141 70V Armstrong 

48'i 24V BSG 

3*3 i5> nabmuo (Thonaai : 
55 30 Rodnora 
150 13B Ropnar 
M8 122 to ’A’ 

150 138 Ropnar 
MS 122 to ’A' 

3 0 / Rotaprae 

162 116 Rotor* 

130 90 Russo* (A) 

EhraiUB (CD) Ml 

Br Aeraaeaca a 

Br Car Aucbcos 138 

BL 52 

Caffym 273 

Caww m IBS 

□evts (Godtrayl it* 

Dowry 222 

+67 7/4 

-I* 7.1 

+10 2 2 
.. » 

+7 11.1 

+13 226 
+1 55 


+10 7.9 

+2 SO 
-A 84 
+2 75 

S D in Ocaao Transport 205 +4 

8 428 P 8 0 D*fl 510 -3 

108 88 (haremum (Waved 106 

330 300 Turnout Scott 375 

71 25 167, 

71 24 »*; 
7.1 36 442 

42 72 116 1 

176 16 245 • 
61 67 580 - 


•5 46 94.. 
226 46 146 1 
71 87 187. 

(25 34 305’. 




60 7.1 



10 M5 




2.4 37 6 



30 1X4 




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18 131 






24 150 
20 IM 



10 350 







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. 305 




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fori Mcaor m 

Gatae frM 0) n 

Oanaral Motor Ml 

□tauaald uwanse SO 
Grauo Lobs 133 

HanvraK 91 

Hones Motor 458 

Japmr 531 

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Us 391 

Lookari 154 

Lucas 583 

sas™ t 

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WsoUiaae (Jones) 47 

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■ .. 76 

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218 168 Lambert u owarth 195 83 43 in* 

82 68 KawtKM S Sunon 78 4.4 55505 

114 K Petard 108 83 5 7 74 

157 11a Strong * Flaw 15a n * y« 60 

273 158 Stylo 253 +0 64 25 315 

> .. U 

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as 68 14 
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cerara nem) 

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tU irwytmon 554 • . . 14.0 

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.. (45 

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Odom N Rea 
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payntGrtj erased f Price at suspension g DMaend and 

1.4 .4.1 123 
At 72 

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Edited by Maggie Drummond' 

•* i:i! 
.1 ml 

• u. 


How home can be cash in hand 

a case or feeble action 

^ *W \tSB 


■'* \ Sfe 

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* • v. ci 2 

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> - ■ ' I? 5 , 

^ “ *3 If 

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/ ■- • * 


“A- - feeble- sop- - to 
consumerism” • is how one 
solicitor described the Law 
Safety’s latest attempt at a 
scheme to improve the proce- 
dure for dealing with clients'* - 
complaints • against their 

Until this week, yonr only 
recourse, against a negligent 
solicitor was to find another 
solicitor and barrister- and 
bring an, often expensive .and 
time-consuming coart action. 

But this < week - the Law 
Society annotmcedan arbitra- 
tion scheme, describing it as 
“a . simple and Inexpensive 
means of dealing with such of 
the' smaller complaints of neg- 
ligence by ' clients against 

The winner may 
also get a refund 

•; Under the scheme, yon will 
not weed to go to court - 
Instead, on payment • of a 
registration fee of £40 pins 
VAT, by both yob and the 
solicitor against whom yon are 
alleging negligence, ad inde- - 
pendent arbitrator will look - 
into the complaint 

- He can make an award for 
damages, and may also direct 
that if yon wh the case yon get 
g refund of yoor registration 
fee. ; 

^ I " - : ^ * -*£ - ■%.* — ? Ji 

•Any -proposals. Uo inipwt': 
the tot of consmners should be 
encouraged. But^ this new- 
scheme certainly does sebm tn : 
leave a lot to be desired. .. 

The most gfarimfimit intfre ' - 
scheme, is that me solicitor, - 
>10% with his indemnity in- 
snrers, have to agree to the ; 
arbitration procedure. If the - 
solicitor does wot agree, amt 
the Law Society has no power 
to compel him, die aggrieved 
client * cannot . -apply -for • 
arbitration. . 

One solicitor candidly pnt it . 
this, way: ‘‘Solicitors are 

geared to winning and losing. I 

cannot see them readily agree- 
ing to an : arbitration 
- procedure,** ■ 

It is also somewhat debat- 
able about bow “inexpensive** 
the scheme is fer the consum- 
er. IHs designed primarily for 
. smaller less serious daims. 

But tf yoor claim is for less 
than £500, it is stiU likely to be 
cheaper to go to the comity 
court, which has its own 
: arbitration procedure where 
you have the opportunity to 
.present yonr case ^orally as 
.well as in writing.. 

For claim* Of more than 
£500, die new scheme with its 
one-off payment can be more 
. cost-effective, bat yonr case 
can be presented only in 
writing. This may obviously he 
an advantage to those of ns 
who hove no desire to be do-it- 
yonisrif advocates,' but it does 
severely restrict the usefulness 
of the scheme; 

A spokesman for the Char- 
tered Institute of Arbitrators 
.commented: '“The scheme is 
not suitable Tor conflicts of 
oral testimony. If a client 
alleges that a solicitor said 
something negligent, and the 
solicitor denies it, (ben yon 
would still have to g» to coa rt 
to hear their oral evidence.** / 

The ' National * Consumer 
Coandl also argues that free- 
lance independent arbitrators 
will not be able to provide a 
single system of continuity of 
: standards, for deciding when, 
m <acX,.a : solkftnri$w^fi«eni. 

Even the Lair Society’s 
enthusiasm for the scheme 
. seemed somewhat muted. The 

; ‘It fills a hole 
hi the system? 

society’s spokesman ; said: 
“We are not promoting this 
scheme as the greatest thing 
Mace sliced bread. It fills a 
bole in the system. We wanted 
to- give people some other 
avenue of action, other than 
going to court. 

G»nup Pott. Maty 16th 




The Shadow Chancellor^, possible ^panacea* foraff, 
IQs includes reflation, renatipnafisation. wealth tax and 
capital repatriation: . ; 

If you have capitsd, jour standard of Irvcog coald be 
seriously affected. But there are-steps thatyon can take 
now that will provide protection against -this. For a r 
personal financial report, just complete and return &e 
coupon. ’’ 

If s not too late 
but it soon could be! ! 

Tbs Investment EOrtfofioSecmce* Ltd../ . 

I 15 Manchester Square, London W1M5AE. 
! Tel: 01-486 0177 ... . 


Tax ra te- - A mimm available for investment. 
Portfolio valuation , . — .1 ■'” 1 „ •' 


“We think there are ', a 
relatively small number of 
cases .fiat the scheme is 
appropriate, for. 

“From September 1, there 
will be a ‘ Solicitors* Com- 
plaints Bureau, which wSD 
hopefully mean that people 
wilj.go straight to the bureau 
to identify their complaints 
and be advised of the most 
suitable remedy for them.** 

Snsan Fleldman 

With house prices going through the 
roof there are no prizes for guessing 
ibis summer's favourite dinner party 
topic. - ■ 

Bui estimating the value bf your 
house is a-peculiariy impotent form of. 
greed. A house fc an investment, yet it 
yields up its profit most grudgingly. 
Your home may be gaining in value, 
but it is hardly cash in- die back. If 
you move and plough your gain back 
into a new house the gain will be' 
hidden. The real beneficiaries tend to 
be the children who inherit 

However, you - can unlock 
some of the equity you have built up 
by borrowing. It is possible to take 
out a bigger mortgage and release 
some of the excess value. Finding a 
willing lender for remortgaging has 
been a problem in the past but. with 
today's, house prices at record levels 
and money flooding into the home 
loan market, borrowers can pick and 
choose. The building societies, banks 
and assorted finance bouses have 
been stumbling over themselves to 
lend their quotas of mortgage money. 

The buyer’s market in credit may 
already be on the wane: Just this week 
the Halifax Building Society has 
pulled out of the remortgage market 
on the basis of its latest set of bouse 
prices, which show the sort of g»«f« 
that make one wonder how long it can 
all last 

Houses gained on average li per 
cent throughout Britain in the year to 
May. but in the South-East the rise 
was 16.1 per cent — further evidence 
that the gap between north and south 
is widening. For home owners it 

means that the amount of equity in 
their properties wflj be even greater 
and the temptation to take some 
capital will be that much stronger. 

- Bui they should be careful. “House 
prices are certainly not rock-solid, 
especially not in the- more depressed 
areas of the country.” says John Fegg. 
of the National Westminster 
Bank.“There's a school of thought 
which says values are something of a 
bubble which is set to burst, even in 
the South- East. That's why we have a 
margin of safety as to the amounts we 
arc prepared to lend.” 

There are hnndreds that 
are eager to lend money 

National Westminster sets a limit 
of 80 per cent of valuation as the 
absolute maximum loan on a remort- 
gage. The Abbey National Building 
Society is equally cautious, requiring 
a safety margin of at least 25 percent, 
while Medens Trust, a Brown Shipley 
subsidiary, will lend no more than 
half the value of the property. 

Let us say you are prepared to take 
the risk of a fall in prices, and you 
want to release some of the capital 
value of your house. How do you do 
it? What should you expect if 
anything, in tax relief? What are the 
lowest and best rates of interest? 

Applying has never been so easy. 
There are hundreds of lenders, most 
of them eager. There will certainly be 
valuation costs to pay. Your new 
tranche of credit will not necessarily 
come cheap. A bigger mortgage wfl! 
provide you with extra capital, but no 

extra tax relief. Income lax relief is 
granted on interest on a loan made for 
home purchase or improvcmenL 
That means you can get tax relief on 
- the loan for an extension but not for 
the designer wallpaper. 

Interest on the first £30.000 of loan 
qualifies. But a smaller mortgage of. 
say. £10.000. will attract tax relief on 
that portion only if a remortgage up 
to. say. £25.000 is undertaken. In 
other words, the additional £15.000 
will be charged to you in full, without 
tax relief unless it is for home 

How much you pay will vary 
depending on whom you ask and in 
some cases what you want to do with 
the money. Some institutions, for 
example, the Cheltenham & Glouces- 
ter Building Society, win charge the 
same rate as on their ordinary 
mortgages. The Cheltenham & 
Gloucester insists that it is “flexible 
on this type of borrowing, but no 
more nor less than anyone else”. 

Others may be as flexible but they 
want more interest from borrowers. 
“We will happily lend against a 
property for a borrower's personal 
reasons.” says John Bayliss. of Abbey 
National, “but we will charge a 
premium of up to 3 per cent more 
than our normal mortgage rate.” The 
big clearing banks will all lend money 
against a bouse, although they prefer 
to call it a “personal loan secured 
against property”. 

The banks* rates vary, but they 
should be substantially lower than the 
20 per cent or so which is the going 

rate for unsecured personal loans. An* 
applicant can expect a tough bargain-’ 
ing session with the branch manager, 
who will look closely at ability to* 
repay and the other mechanics of* 
mortgage application, such as income? 

■ One factor which can influence the* 
interest level is the purpose of the; 
loan. Banks tend to favour the* 
Protestant work ethic over the desire* 
to dissipate. “A loan for a capital- 
injection into a company would£ 
probably have a lower interest rate < 

Borrowing for school ~ 
fees is popular \ 

than one used for a yaehiT 
purchase.** says Mr Pegg. Borrowing; 
for school fees is popular. Claremont 
Saville will lend up to 70 per cent of 
valuation, including existing mort-C 
gage, and the funds are provided as 
and when required. Until then na 
interest, at 2 l /s per cent over base, is; 
payable. NEL Britannia has a similar? 
scheme with a £50.000 maximum ar 
the 1 per cent cheaper rate of 1 116 per. 
cent. * 

Don't forget that you are effectively; 
gambling on the continued strength* 
of the property market. The Halifax; 
has withdrawn from remortgaging.- 
Halifax's mortgage chief Don Taylor; 
believes that “if house prices go into< 
reverse some people will suffer — * 
borrowers principally, but also lend-* 
ers who have lent out too high a; 
percentage of the property's value.” 

Martin Baker! 

nu Him 






mm imims 

... Some investors may have “sold in May 
and gone away ” 

But the fell in the Stock Market could be 
a good opportunity for those who didn’t. 

Despite the worries about high unem- 
ployment, there’s plenty of better news about 
the UKeconomy. 

a r- ITUTl 'tf.TT.irri 

|r» fal fa s -■ ; ». a ] 6 . a FI7 J 

l uTJtr vaar a 8 1 - 

i r«i 

~ ;v 


n; niii[Tfiii‘inp itvi 

.... , nNANQAl TIMES, 17 MAY 1986. 

Jn Elation and oil prices have been tum- 
bling. Interest rates have been felling toa 

And those in the know say it’s a trend 
that’s set to continue. 

So it could be a good dme to invest in the 

* S l £ J 


•wsmure of aRECtoss. 


. All the mofe'so because at lioyds Bank- 
we’ve just launched our UK Growth Unit 

Trust. . ‘ s 1 

r. ; '. As die name suggests, well be building 
ri portfolio of listed UK- companies selected 
For then outstanding growth potential. . 

•§» ? s t t'>T» ^ t ttlrWVi 

»T-~< ; \ »51 


Suffice to say that our Smaller Com- 
panies and Recovery Trust has grown by an 
average of 27% p.a. since I98L (Offer to offer, 
net income reinvested tol May 19S6J) 

• Arid our Balanced Unit Trust has 
averaged a healthy 75% a year over the same 
period. (A typical Building Society share 
account could only produce a shade over 8% 
per annum in those five years.) 

If you would like eo invest in the UK 
Growth Unit Trust. fill- in the coupon. Thar 
way you can invest in your own back yard 
fxbm-the comfort of your own home. 

t iTyTSHi sCCjSBTiiM/flfM uT^l 


Up ro 2!i r i of ihc Fund may be mvrMi-d m rhe Linli-rcd Srcunrns 
Market. The Manager, arc free to deal in UK authoriM-d traded option 
markeu. Bated upon the ininal oiler price of kip. rhe c^n mated 
iranmc j-idd mil he i r t per annum. 

Tdis is a broadly- baled unit mrsi wWobicniiT in raptral prnnh 
and as such your investment should be regarded a% lon^-temi. 

Contract notes will nor be i vued for rhe ininal offer. Cent ticarcN oil I 
be fonvarded by the Manager, at umr holder \ risk within six wreks ot' 
rcccrpr of cheque. - 

The offer pnec includes an ininal charge of S'* .the annual charsets 
l r t *-VAT of the value of rhe Fund. The annual chatee may he me leased 
to a muiimnn of J r > on 5 months nonce to umr holders. The Managers 
retain the rounding adjustment. The firsrdisrnbution of incumc n ifltv 
IS Fcbruan- 1^57 arid (hcicafrcr half-ivarly. 

It is the practice of the Managers to par remuneration to qualified 
inrcrmedianes. Rares are available on request. 

Unit, can be sold back ro the Managers ar not less than the bid price 
calculated toa formula approved by rhe beparmieur of Trade and Indus- 
try. Pa linen r will normally be made witnui 7 days of receipt of imur 
renounced certificate. Prices and yields will be quined in leading daih- 

Traeft: Alliance rkssurancc Cx Ltd- Managers: Llovds Bank Unit 
Trust Managers Ltd- Reaistctcd in England Nix AtfeTU. R«|^ Office: 71 
Lombard Street. LONDON ECJP dBS. A member of tlir-Unir Trust 

To: Lloyds Bank Pic. Rccwnti Depamncnr. FREEIWST. 

Gonhj-bj- : Sca. Worthing. Susses BN 12 -*BR 

rTwcsnsh to invest in units of the UK Growth j — — n 
■ Unit Trust ar IPp per unit and enclose a rrmir- j £ | 

rTwcsnsh to invest in units of the UK Growth r ==r\ 

I Unit Trust ar 50p per unit and enclose a rrmir- £ i 

tancc payable ro Lloyds Bank Umr Trusr - J 

I Manassrs’ Ltd. (Please atueh cheque no this form.) i 

Until ^7Junc I^Sfirourinvcstrocnt mil bear Rip per umr. thereafter | 

I units may be bought ar rhe offer pnee then prevailing. The mmi- > 
mum initial im-cstmcnc istHW. Additional unit purchases must be | 

I for not less than non. ■ 

Acnimulanon units inth income tv- miTsrcd normally issued- If J 

I Income units pre fe rred please nek hen:. Q . 

I Wo declare that I am vreareover 16 }-carsold. Date of birth if aged . I 

I bcnrccn lb and IV — -Qoim applicantsmuscugn and attach . 

names and addresses separately.) I 

| Signature! si ■ — - — ■ Date 1 j 

Mr Mrs Miss Title Forma e 



iv . . rtiffll 

* / A «« f 4 1 ^ * V, ■«;. 

.i-'-o.-' * ■ -■ .'.:■ siiS >ia?rS t rc&: . 



Keep company with the 
best financial advisers 


Over 300 pages of guidance on: 
Banking, Building Societies, 
Insurance. Investment Trusts, 
Pensions, Savings, Shares, 

Unit Trusts and much more 

“A useful book for both investors and 
investment advisers.” 


The essential information you need for 
developing and maintaining an investment 
portfolio is contained in die 1986/87 Allied 
Dunbar Investment Guide. Ids the book to 

help you make your money grow. 
Whatever amount 

“The Guide represents excellent value, 
provides interesting reading, but above 
all is an excellent guide to many forms 
of available investment.** 


never amount of money is involved, 
laige or small, whether you are advising 

clients or planning your own personal 

finances, this new edition covens just about 
every possible way of investing money. 

“Useful advice and 
information. .should end up on die 
bookshelves of many investors and 

Allied Dunbar Investment Guide 1986/87 
£12.50 from good booksellers 



Longman ss 

ABuilding Society Linked Investment offering \ 



Equivalent to 13.38% Gross for basic rate tax payers. 

The Maxim am Income Account combines the 
advantages of high income investments with the tax 
efficiency of a Life Assurance Company to give you 
the best 3 year term rate with security of capital. 

General Portfolio GUARANTEES to maintain 
the Account rate at a differential of at least 3JS?i p.a. 
above our base rate. (Currently 5-5"; p.a.) 

The Account is invested in deposits with leading 
Budding Societies. Banks and Local Authorities 
together with Brat class commercial mortgages, hi 
order to achieve this high differential, your money 
should remain invested for at least three years. 
During this period there are withdrawal penalties 
which cease after three years when you can obtain 
your money immediately without penalty 

The income can be taken an investments from as 

fitfie as £1000. and. if you invest gre a ter t h an £5000. 
you can receive regular monthly withdrawals paid 
direct to your bank. (9.11% paid moathly=9.5%cax) 
Additional tax paid by higher rate tax payers is 
substantially reduced compared with a direct 
investment in a Building Society. Kjrexample.a50*» 
tax payer would actually receive 6.69% each year from 
a Building Society Account yielding 9.5%. but fmm 
an investment in the Maximum Income Account the 
net amount received each year would be 7.6%. 

This offer is limited and may be withdrawn at any 
time. To ensure the inclusion of your in vestment, 
please send your cheque as soon as possible. 

General Portfolio Life Insurance PLC. 

Valley House. Crossbrook Street. Cheshunt, 

Herts EN8 7BR. Tel (0992} 31971. 

Tc?c General Fartfc&o Life Insurance PLC FREEPOST. 
Valley House. Cheshunt. Herts EN8 7BR. 

I/We understand that the Maximum Income Rate 
may vary 

1/We wish to apply fora Maximum Income Account 
and enclose a cheque for f... I minimum El 000) 

I/We understand that on death 101% of the 
Maximum Income Account is payable without penalty 

1/We would fikemonthJy/annnaJ withdrawals. Yes/Na 
First Name 

Surname MrMrsTMis 

Full First Names 

Date of But h 

TtarJ UuliUM BiMomc team toaWndf p wg Wu ftlrJgirang point 
Second Name fifappGcahlel 

Surname Mp’MtWMb* 

Full Fust Names. 

Date of Birth- 







[ Registered tnEnebsdNa 9W.M55. <KmcnlHnnkit»>h> 
1 aiuhortttd by (be lhrpjnmftu >.■! Trade. 

Member o( ihr Asuenimo of Bntnh teum*. 





Gilts still offer a return of about 9% a year — 
a massive 6% higher than the current 
inflation rate! 

Building society interest rates are foiling, but Gilts {or Government 
Securities! keep the same return once you've bought them. 

Whaft more; when interest rates fall, the CAPITAL VALUE 

AEtna's new GILT-EDGED BOND offers one of the 

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Huge cost savings over direct 

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/Etna Life Insurance Company Ltd- 401 St lohn Street. London EC IV 4QE Reg No 1766220 

Please complete and send the coupon in an envelope addressed lo «ina Life Insurance Company Lid 
FREEPOST London ECIB INA Or phone our Customer Care Centre -dial 100 and ask the operator for 
FREEFONE /Etna. The Centre is open Sam to 6pm each weekday 
Please send me my FREE Guide to Gilts and details of the/Erna GILT-EDGED BOND to 



Name of usual Professional adviser. 
ilor n»*ttntcTU»i 

PS If you are sell-employed or have no company 
pension, please ndt the box so we can also send" 
you details ol /Etna s new Gilt-Edged Pension 
Bond □ ..... 


How the City will 

be its own policeman 


The Financial Services BUI 
which should become law in 
October. lavs down a system 
commonly referred to as “self- 
regulation The idea is that 
instead of having financial 
organizations such as insur- 
ance brokers, unit trust man- 
agers. banks and stockbrokers, 
controlled and monitored by 
government departments, it 
will be left to the organizations 
to police themselves. 

As the Bill is of vital 
significance for all investors — 
indeed its origins lie in finan- 
cial scandals emerging in the 

ciai scandals emerging in me 
early part of the 1980s — it is 
important to understand how 
the new self-regulatory system 
will work. 

The starting point is the Bill 
itself. This sets out a whole 
host of powers which the 
Secretary of Slate is to have 
over investment businesses. 
He. if you like, is at the top of 
the tree and appears at the 
head of our cartoon 

investment businesses are 
more or. less what you would 
expect. They include people 
buying and selling invest- 
ments, such as stockbrokers 
buying and selling shares, and 
those managing investments 
on behalf of others, such as 
insurance companies. 

They also inciude those 
advising on investments, and 
people who operate collective 
investment schemes such as 
unit trust managers. All these 
sorts of people will come 
under the terms of the Bill 
The Secretary of State’s 
powers include the power lo 
authorize and regulate invest- 
ment businesses. No organiza- 
tion will be authorized unless 
it can show it is a fit and 
proper body to carry out 
investment business, so in 
effect there will be a system for 
investors to check whether a 
business they are dealing with 
has authorization. 

Other powers include the 
prosecution of anyone operat- 
ing investment businesses 
without having authorization 
and. the power to make the 
rules of conduct 

Conduct of business rules 
cover a vast spectrum of 
activity. The questions of 
cold-calling, cooling-off peri- 
ods. compensation schemes to 
protect investors and disclo- 
sure of commissions earned 
on sales of life assurance 
policies all come within the 
conduct of business rules 
which the Bill says the Secre- 
tary of State has the power to 
lay down. 

The Bill says the Secretary 


to the 

Keeping all your information 
and important documents to- 
gether is undoubtedly a 

But the flip side of the coin 
is the nerve-tingling fear of 
misplacing them — passport, 
driving licence, address book 
and all. 

There is very little that can 
be done about the address 
book, other than making a 
copy, but American Express 
has just launched a new 
service designed to help to deal 
with the flap of losing credit, 
cheque, and cash dispenser 
cards as well as the other 
essential paraphernalia of life. 

Should they be lost or 
1 stolen, Amex cardholders can 
i call a 24-hour emergency 
hotline and the company wQi 
handle the drudgery of cancel- 
ling the originals and ordering 

It k, of course, essential to 
1 let the hanks and credit card 
companies know immediately 
cards and cheque books are 

If a thief is using than the 
da m a ge be can do to yon is 
limited to just a few pounds 
after the telephoning ha* been 
done. Letting American Ex- 
press take the strain seems as 
good a way as any of taking 
some ' of the sting out of 
applying for five or six new 

The service is free for the 
first year for holders of ordi- 
nary cards, with a charge of £5 
annually after that period. 

Gold cardholders need only 
take die trouble to ring up and 
register the requisite informa- 
tion (driving licence u umber 
etc) to receive the service free 

Another of the hassles of 
modern living is moving bouse. 
The new service can also be 
used to notify the licence 
centre at Swansea of a change 
of address, which is a legal 

Next in line, says the com- 
pany. are 24-hour refunds on 
travellers' cheques. A deal has 
been negotiated with 300 ho- 
tels in major holiday resorts 
throughout Europe. - 

Martin Baber 

of State has the power to 
delegate most of his powers. 
He will be doing so and this is 
where the Securities and In- 
vestments Board, the SIB. 
comes in. 

Under the terms of the Bill 
the SIB is the only body to 
which the Secretary of State 
can. at first, delegate his 
powers, although he can sub- 
sequently delegate to other 
bodies instead of the SIB. The 
SIB will be both the rule- 
maker and the policeman for 
investment businesses. 

At one point it was thought 
that there would be two sets of 
rule-makers, the Marketing of 
Investments Board, which 
would mainly regulate the way 
in which investments such as 
life assurance and unit trusts 
could be sold to the public, 
and the SIB. which would take 
care of everything else. 

This plan has been dropped. 
So when you come accross the 
term M1BOC, this stands for 
the committee which was 
formed to set up M1B — the 
Marketing of Investments 
Board Organizing Committee 
— which win merge with the 
SIB when the Bui Becomes 

The man in the hot seat Sir 
Kenneth BirreD, who is 
chairman of the SIB 

Not all the Secretanr of 
Slate’s powers can be delegat- 
ed. For instance, the powers to 
investigate and bring prosecu- 
tions for the offence of insider 
dealing wilL at least for the ■ 
time being, not be delegated. 

That said, the SIB. which is 
after all only a private sector 
body, will have the power to 
prosecute minor offences such 
as operating an investment 
business without 


Underneath the SIB there 
will be a number of self- 
regulatory organizations or 
SROs as well as ibe SIB. which 
wiQ be capable of authorizing ' 

seek authorization directly 
from the SfB. which a few 
organizations will do. or it can 
join an SRO which has been 
recognized by the SIB. and 
this is the path that most 
investment businesses will 

Membership of an SRO will 
be sufficient for an investment 
business to carry on its 

Not any old body will be 
recognized by the SfB as an 
SRO. A recognized SRO has 
to have rules designed to 
ensure its members are fit arid 
proper persons, rules on disci- 
pline and expulsion of its 
members, adequate proce- 
dures for monitoring mem- 
bers. investigating complaints 
and enforcing its rules. 

It must also demonstrate 
that it has the resources to do 
all this, and have a compensa- 
tion scheme to protect the 
public should any of hs mem- 
bers go into liquidation dr ran 
off with clients' money. 

At die moment the -SIB is 
formulating its own rale book 
— which wifi apply to ail 
investment businesses that 
choose to be authorized di- 
rectly by the SIB. 

As for the SROs. their rules 
must provide protection for 
the public which is at least 
equivalent to that. laid down 
in the SJBs’ own rule book. In 
practice, many of the rules 
from the SIB will be incorpo- 
rated. almost verbatim, into 
the SROs* own rule books. 

The idea behind the SRO 
network is .that it covers all 
given types of business so that 
any organization will have an 
SRO which it can join. In 
effect, every SRO will have its 
own territory, in other words, 
a certain type of investment 
activity, which it covers. 

Because most firms carry 
out several investment activi- 
ties. many organizations will 
have to join more than one 

y **•_. k--- 

* « ■ .L-** " 


i - 4. , 4 i 4> 


bing firms (called market 
makers now). The large finan- 
cial conglomerates whwh have 

been formed by banks and 
other institutions taking over 
firms of stockbrokers and 
jobbers will, in theory- need to 
be members of the Slock 
Exchange to get authorization. 

However, it is possible that 
the Stock Exchange itself will 
merge with the ISRO — the' 
International Securities Regu- 
latory Organization — a puta- 
tive SRO which has been 
formed to look after areas 
such as the Eurobond market 
and other forms of raising 
money from large companies 
or banks. • 

Many ISRO members are 
also active in buying and 
selling shares, particular?} of 
the large and internationally 
known English companies 
such as ICL so there is an 

Two bodies may 
eventually merge 

There could be six 
SROs in the end 

and monitoring every differ-. 


ent type 

There will also be a network 
of SROs. Hence any invest- 
ment business will generally 
have two choices if it wants to 
cany on business. Either it can 

SRO — a fact which has led to 
some criticism of self-regula- 
tion as likely to be too 

When the Bill was pub- 
lished there were seven SROs 
in the pipeline, although there 
could be either four, five or six 
in existence when the Bill is 
passed and the Secretary of 
State’s powers delegated to the 

The Stock Exchange is one 
possible SRO which will gov- 
ern firms dealing in shares and 
government stocks — in other 
words, stockbrokers and job- 

overlap with the Stock Ex- 
change in any event About 49 
ISRO members are also mem- 
bers of the Stock Exchange. 

Then there is IMRQ — the 
Investment Management Reg- 
ulatory Organization — which 
will cover people who manage 
money for diems, such as unit 
trust managers and. pension 
fund managers. 

LAUTRO stands for the 
Life and Unit Trust Regula- 
tory Organization, and its 
members will be life insurance 
and unit trust companies. It 
will be responsible mainly for 
the way in which life insur- 
ance and unit trusts are adver- 
tised and marketed to the 

So unit trust companies 
should be members of the 
IMRO for their fond manage- 
ment activities, that is. man- 
aging your money, and also of 
LAUTRO for their marketing 
of unit trusts. 

LAUTRO will be the only 
SRO that does not have an 
authorization function. It will 
exist purely -to regulate mar- 
keting activities. Life insur- 
ance companies — and indeed 
friendly societies — will be 
authorized by virtue of other 
existing statutes- that apply 
specifically to them. Unit trust 
companies will get auihoriza- 

lion usually through member- 
ship of IMRO or direct from 
the SIB if they prefer. Just to 
complicate matters LAUTRO 
mav in fact merge with IMRO. 

F3MBRA. another SRO. 
stands for Financial Interme- 
diaries Managers and Brokets 
Regulatory Association. It will 
cover people such as insur- 
ance brokers, financial inter- 
mediaries. licensed dealers, as 
well investment managers. It 
has been formed through the 
merger of N AS DIM. the Na- 
tional Association of Securi- 
ties Dealers and Investment 
Managers, with an SRO that 
was planned simply for 
inicrmediarie& . 

The aFBD. stands for the 
Association of Futures Bro- 
kers and Dealers, and will 
generally cover those firms 
winch deal in futures and 
options contracts, in com- 
modities and various financial 

Professionals such as ac- 
countants and solicitors who 
often give investment advice ; 
to the public, should, follow- 
ing the logic of self-regulation, 
also require authorization, 
otherwise there would be a gap 
in the system. 

However, the Bill provides 
chat those members of the 
professions who give invest- 
ment advice which is inciden- 
tal to their main business will 
not need to seek authorization 
if their professional body is 
‘recognized * by the SIB . 

To become a Recognized 
Professional Body (RPB) the 
body will have to satisfy the 
SIB on a number of points. 
These include the requirement 
that the body has rules govern- 
ing and limiting the invest- 
ment activities of its members 
and that these provide protec- 
tion for the public equivalent 
to the SlB's own rule book for 
direct authorization. 

So it is likely that bodies 
such as the Law Society and 
the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants will, become 
RPBs. thereby helping to en- 
sure that everyone conducting 
investment business, even if it 
is peripheral to his main 
activities, is authorized and 
therefore subject to the scruti- 
ny and discipline of an appro- 
priate body. . 



t m *- 

\ .1 

Lawrence Lever 




ON £10,000 OR MORE 

On £10,000 or more you will find it hard to beat 
our leading combination of high interest and ; 

instant access. Even on smaller investments our Z 
rates are exceptionally competitive. And you can « 
pay in or withdraw as you wish, without giving ; 

notice or incurring any penalties whatsoever. 2 



ON £5,000 OR MORE 


If you wish you can have your interest paid -■ 
monthly. In a Cheltenham Gold Monthly Interest » 
Account amounts of £10,000 or more earn 7.77% ~ 
net 8.05% Compounded Annual Rate* and on - 
£5,000 or more, 7.53% net 7.80% Compounded \ 
Annual Rale* still with no strings. \ 

You can also havethe added convenience of " 
running your account from the comfort of your } 
home or office, post free, with our Gold By Post 5 
service. All of which makes Cheltenham Gold an ; 
automatic choice. ; 

Invest in Cheltenham Gold today. 1 

* • 

" , ■< 



. • ». 

Cheltenham gold 


IbtCheUsihani & Gloucester Building Society, 

PO Box 124, FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gk» GL53 1BR. 
I/We encloses to open a Gold By Post Account 



(Minimum £500 Maximum £250,00(9 

I/We enclose £_ to open a Gokl Monthly Interest 

Account By Post (Minimum £5 ,000 Maximum £250.000) 

□ Please send more details. - BtnnccAPn-Ais 

Ftill Namefs) Mr/Mrs/Miss 












5GTT2 !• 

1 = 



Memi>er of the BuDding Societies Association and Investors’ Protection Scheme-Assets exceedS.300 million. •* 

- ' . Bimdiesthrau0iputfiieUlC.SeeyyiowP^es. 

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V? 1 ST* 

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• L. 1 ., * 

•' :: 'a r H 

Gold bonus for 
£20,000 people 

- ■National Westminster to jumping on 
the gold card bandwagon. From July 1 

- NatWest customers earning at least 
£20,000 win be eligible forme bank's new 
Gold Plus Service, free for the first 
year. The main setting point of the popular 
gold card is the automatic overdraft 
facility— no more gravelling atthe feet of 

, the bank manager. And the new 
i NatWest version offers the customer up 

to £10,000 with no questions asked. 

\ Gold cards these days come with a 
\ battery of useful services. 

in the cast of NatWest there is 
Freefone Brokerline tar share dealing, 
plus free personal accident insurance 
and an Investment and tax advisory 
. . . service. NatWest customers will have 
' — topay£50ayeartorthetf newgoldcard 
. ' ■’ service on renewal 

r\jm cL 

■ ■ 

Catch them young! 

■ The banks have been trying to 
r.-.‘ catch their customers young for some 
. time. The theory is that If you catch 
them young you keep not until 
dotage, at least until they are tong . . 
enough in the tooth to decide which bank 

I. * offers the best value. Students are foe - 

prime target They are bombarded by 

J, ; j , ■ brochures and all sorts of gimmickry 

and inducements to persuade them to 
r— part with the grant cheque. 

The latest comes from the Midland, 

- n which actuaffy offers £6 in cash or an 
'* alarm dock which retails at £8, cheap 

loans, travel card, foreign currency and 

- r -*' e Eurocheque discounts. All that and 
. 7 free banking -even when they are to foe 
f .-' red. 

Uoyds Bank, meanwhile, is going 

- even further down the age range. Savers 
.p.'-Tc 88 young as 13 are nowinvrtedto foin 

‘They never told me we’d have to queue op for our pocket money’ 

distributed to children who apply. 
"Applicants must have the signed s 
-w. r. Qf a parent or guardian. . 

„XThe Skipton cut 

- ■ ■ The 
cost of 

9Ct of a further cut to the 
loans may have sunk 

beneath the horizon for the time being, 
but the announcement of a fixed rate 
mortgage — at 9.9 per cent held for 
one year - from the Skipton BuilcSng 
Society win be welcome news tor. 

• home loan hunters. Although the deal is 
aimed principally at first-time buyers, 
the soctety wfB accept applications from 
other buyers. 

The offer is restricted to endowment 
mortgages, which-— if you choose toe 
low-cost endowment home loan —still 
works out cheaper than the usual 
repayment mortgage at toe going 11 
per cent rate. 

Fdr example, the combined interest 
and assurance payments on a £30.000 
low-cost endowment loan for a 30- 
year-old man work out at E a 
month under the Skipton's new fixed 
rate deal — and £9.60 a month of that 
pays for redundancy and sickness 
cover for two years. Repayments plus the 
premiums on a mortgage protection 
policy for the same &ze standard 
repayment mortgage are £235.01 a 
month at the society's usual 11 percent 
rate. At the end of the first 1 2 months 
of foe fixed rate mortgage the interest 
rate will change to whatever the going 
home loan rata Is at the time. The Skipton 

has allocated £50 mrffion of funds to 
foe 9.9 per cent fixed home loan rate 

package, which, if foe success of foe 
Uoyds Bank fixed rate mortgage 
introduced earlier this year Is anything 
to go by , will be snapped up soon. 

Alpha’s offer 

■ The steady drip of the Business 
Expansion Scheme tap continues. Alpha 
Business Expansion fund is launching 
its BES fund marie VI. The unit trust-type 
vehicle will remain open for 
subscription until close to the end of foe 
tax year in April, or until the 
Investment target is achieved. The 
minimum investment is £3,000, or 
there is foe option of committing £6.000 in 
three equ^tostahnents.^^fc^ns ^ 

of the front-end charges orve 
associates with unit trusts. After that date 
subscriptions will attract a fee of 5 per 
cent, or 3 per cent for subscribers to one 
of the earlier Alpha schemes. In case 
you are wondering how Alpha wW make 
any money without charging investors, 
managers say they may take up some of 
the more attractive share options on 
foe companies in which the scheme 

Details: Alpha BEF Management Lid, 
Ramsbury House. High Street 
Hungerford. Berkshire RG17 0LY. 

Cars, dud cheques and your rights 

' '■ X: 

r Three weeks ago we looked at ■ 
the way expert v3 tains are 
' * passing off forged banding 
“ * .society cheques and bank 
^'“/drafts to swindle people out of 
"their cars. . . 

Although Scotland Yard re- 
ports that, there has been a 
11 slowdown in activity (no 
;^;ttaaks to the Leeds Penna- 
neat building Society or 
*'•** Barclays Bank, which are still 
doing nothing to publicize the 
'^forgeries of their drafts and 
---cheqnesk the swindlers are 
- 'V '.still operating and it is worth 
-‘y looking at what can be done if 
yon are an unhappy victim. 

y The. fast question font sev- 

! fi ;^.eral readers have asked is: 
.••—What happens if a car is sold 
I ...down a chain by the original 
--•villain? One reader reported 
that his Jaguar Sovereign, for 
which he was landed with a 

dud cheque for £l&500, had 
changed hand 8 no fewer than 
three times by the time the 
police found it — and that 
within 24 hoars of it being 
driven away! - 

. The answer, according to 
Ian Travers, of London solici- 
tors Nabarro Nathanson, is 
that in nearly all circum- 
stances the original owner 
retains better title to the car, 
although to make his position 
even more solid he should tell 
the police of the theft ns soon 
as possible. . 

Thus, if a car Is found, the 
original owner can claim it 
back while die man at the end 
of the chain is out of pocket. 
His only recourse is to sne Ms 
vendor — provided, of coarse, 
he can find him and the money 
is still there for the suing. 

There are a few weird and 
wonderful exceptions which 
apply to places known as 
"markets overt”. These cover 
various places in England — 
Warren Street near Easton 
and the entire City of London 
are such locations — where 
good tide passes to anyone 
who hoys a car there. Bat 
contrary to popular o pinion, 
sales through auction do not 
constitute an exception. 

There is less good news, 
however, if the car cannot be 
traced. While most motor 
Insurance companies no longer 
have an exclusion danse for 
theft through deception, yon 
will search long and hard for 
one that will pay np with oat a. 

According to Mr Travers, 
most insurers would point to 

Eisinger v General Accident a 
case heard way back in 1955. 
The judge ruled that Mr 
Eisinger, who swapped his car 
for a cheque that bounced, had 
not lost his car, which was 
insured by General Accident, 
hot his money, which of coarse 
was not 

.In Mr Travers’ opinion, that 
case would probably still hold 
good today, despite the pas- 
sage of the comprehensive 
1968 Theft Art, and even if the 
cheque or banker's draft was 
forged rather than just a bad 
one. However, be pointed oot 
that every case is different — 
as is the wording oo every 
insurer's motor policy — and it 
would still be worthwhile for a 
victim to see if a claim could be 

Richard Lander 

I a«rt'3Cfl‘«i * "■ 




, • ■ 'jy 

G(0 \ 

■ Ah investment of 51000 made last June in our Japan Growth 
Portfolio has more than doubled in value. 

And as you can see above, the performance of our other Profes- 
sional Portfolios is also impressive. 

Results which aren’t surprising when you know we have access 
to the resources and experience of the Sun life Assurance group, 
with funds of over £3.5 billion under management 

To discover what’s behind our success, please speak to your 
professional advisor Alternatively complete the coupon or call 
Nick Wells on 01-606 6010. 

rw Sun life TVust Management Limited 107 Cheapside, London EC2V 6DU~1 
| □ Please send me more information on the Sun Life Professional Portfolios. | 

□ Td Gke a representative to phone me to make an appointment to discuss 
| my investment needs. | 




1 — — — - — in? ss i 

_ _^ TT2i,s _‘wr^_L*rp j 

Up to 7.76% net CAR* 

7.50% net nominal 

Citibank Savings Money Market Plus Account. 

Cheque Book. 

Fur immediate withdrawals. 

Instant Access. 

With no loss of interest 

Monthly Interest 

Interest earned from day of deposit 

No Charges. 

All transactions are free 

Monthly Statements. 

Keep you in (ouch with your money 

Interest Rates Published Daily. 

24hr Rateline (01-846 9768} and published 
in the Financial Times. 

The confidence of dealing with part 

*’» v ’ * . s ! 

has offices in over 92 countries; it is now oneof > y. : " - ; 

the woridh largest banking groups. - ..i 

Access to your savings. 

The Mon^r Market Plus Account is designed to 
offer foe investor a highly competitive rate with instant 
access to the account via a cheque book. The initial 
minimum deposit is £2.000. 

Act Now 

To find out more about this competitive combination 
of high interest with cheque book access, 
ring 01-743 9251 or just complete the y y 
Freepost coupon. ' ‘ 

hoMt «n are subfec* 10 wubon "CAR b the Cvnoourefed Annual Raip whch Mrs 
account erf imereti orfirfnl monrfM, OKank Sa>«iQs i*. trr nadmg style c * CrfOank Dual 
LM Reg No BUr79 Re sa rered m England, met reg«kered olhec at 336 Strand. Union 
WC 231MB 

Citibank Savings O 

j - Please send me further details of the Money Market Plus"! 

Account Limited to individuals over 18 years of aga Not available { 
j to companies. | 

| Name {Mr/Mrs/Miss/Msl f 

I Address - i / 

Postcode Tel | 

Occupation j 

To: Citibank Savings M M Plus Dept FREEPOST Citibank ! 
Savings. London WB0BR. 007 i 



For many people the most important aspect of investment 
is income. If you need an income which will grow, unit trusts 
can be ideaL And the table on the right illustrates M&Gb 
successful record of providing an increasing income over the 

The M8G Planned income Portfolio is based on five unit trusts, and 
the estimated gross yield on the Portfolio was 5.41%, over 37% higher 
than that of the FT. Actuaries All-Share Index. Income is paid net of 
basic-rate income tax. 

The income from the four older ^ trusts i n the Portfolio has risen nearly 
three times since the Extra Yield Fund was launched in 1973. Past 
performance is no guarantee for the future, but the income from this 
Portfolio is expected to continue growing in future years. With a Bank or 
Building Society deposit, however, the income can vary only in line with 
the general level of interest rates. 

In addition to generating income totalling £13,583, an investment of 
£10,000 in these unit trusts on 2nd January 1974 would have grown to 
£49,799 by 18th June 1986. In contrast a comparable Building Society 
deposit would still be worth only £10,000 and incomefrom it would have 
totalled just £11,078 over the same period. 

However, you should remem berthatthe price of units and the income 
from them can go down as well as up. This means that unit trusts are a 
long-term investment and not suitable for money you may need at short 

The five funds described here are all designed to produce above 
average and increasing income. 

DIVIDEND FUND aims for a yield about 50% higher than that of the 
FT Actuaries All-Share Index, from a wide range of ordinary shares. 

Annual income 1 from an mvestmem of £10.000 



£ 900 
£ 871 
£ 842 
£ 850 
£ 779 
£ 996 
£ 825 
£ 849 
£ 907 

unit trusts 1 

£ 560 
£ 676 
£ 752 
£ 875 
£ 1.020 


1 Net of tax to a basic- rate taxpayer. 

2 Based on the Building Societies 
Association's recommended rate of 
return + 1V%% on fully paid shares. 

3 £2,500 invested in each of M&G 
Dividend. High Income. Extra Yield, 
and Conversion Income Funds on 2nd 
January 1974. (The M&G International 
Income Fund is not included as it was 
not available until 1985.) 

HIGH INCOME FUND and EXTRA YIELD FUND both aim for a yield l , ■ ■ ' 1 

about 60% higher than that of the FT. Actuaries All- INTERNATIONAL INCOME HIND aims to provide a 

Share Index, from portfolios of ordinary shares. high and growing income from an international 

CONVERSION INCOME FUND aims to provide a equity portfolio, though exchange rate fluctuations 

similarretum, but its portfolio of ordinary stares has a may affect our ability to increase the payment in 

strong bias towards smaller companies. every yean 


launch data 
load pits 

May '64 


April *69 


Feb. *73 




May '85 


Rnceof bcooie Brits atf8tii*hBe1SB6 
Egmuttedccrreat^ass yield 

5.01 % 









% risen tom) offer price since bsaefa 






% rise m FI All 9 bb Inda over sane (srtod 







15 January 

15 July 

31 January 

31 July 

31 March 


1 November 

1 June 

1 December 





Bark Pic 

Cams & Co. 

Barcbys flank 

Trust Co. limited 

Uoyds Bank Rc 

Pricesandyiekfsappeardaily inthe FinancraiTimes. Thedifference between the "offered" price (at which you buyunits) and the“bi(T price 
(at which you seH) is normally 6%. An initial charge of 5% is included in foe offered price and an annual chargeof up to l%of each Fund's 
value- currently %% (except International Income, which is 1%)- plus VAT is deducted from gross income. Income is distributed on the 
appropriate dates net of basic rats lax. You can buy or sell units on any business day. Contracts for sale or purchase will be due for 
settlement 2 to 3 weeks later. Remuneration is payabletoaccredited agents; ratesareavailableon request All the Funds are wider-range 
investments and are authorised by foe Secretary of State forTrade and Industry. 

MCria Securities Limited, Three Quays, Tower Hill, London EC3R BBQ.Tetephone-.01 -626 4588. 

mm mm amm mmm mmm wmm mmm wmm mm mmm mm mm 

Mnuraraa imrestoert TQ ; fifl&G SECURITIES. THREE QUAYS. TOWS HU. LONDON EC3R Sfil 
w aD y one Bred: £500. — 1 

DO NOT SEND ANY MONEY- A contract note will be sent to you 

I stating exactly how much you oweend thesattlement data Yourcsr- 
tificats will follow shortly. 

l| D? IlnJUFtlttWWtsj | 

PLEASE INVEST a total trf i — » (uhuwiuhj u^uuj w immure ■ 

uniEalihefonott^FiintkdvKiedBS^ I 

(If no spfii is irritated, you mvEtmera will be spread equally between the five FundsJ I 

(onneann £2300) in Income 

Mnanum £500 natty one toad. 








Member a 1 rhe 
Uml Trust Afwciat ion 

PP 482516 

RegiStsiMm England No. SO? 76. Reg QHtc*% ebon. - 
This aFfqris noi eveilabta la residentsof rhe Republic at Ireland. 


wro ertwsww e riwwJK; oriwww o*&4«si 

y. Y' : ZjYl l~: Iff: , g*jaKj ^ , *^rg3 




r 30 DAY SHSiE 

8-05!= t 



8-25*= 1 

Mxnrv--n berww. 

1-42*= 11-8B*;' 


8-45*= 1 

hb*= i2-®* : : 

toa Rn tfKaJfY«ar\r !~r« » C^»d * « mm «*.««■«. 

B E»d Officer 176 loodooRswi- Worth Ba«tl*«at»nwrtli P02SDI- 

Tetaphone W70S1 6833U. - 

^rtsmouthBuIlding Society 

Tte first book which shows 
travellers how and where to find 
the best money deals'. Glasgow 

‘covers every aspect of holiday 
money' Sunday Tanas 
■ > gutied tour of 23 countries 
with advice on the test way to 
take money hi each' Daily Mail. 
'essential guide' Sunday Ex- 
press makes sense of the 
muddle' Daily Express. 

fay Wendy EUrington 

Published by Rosters Ltd. 

60 Weibeck St London W1. 
Price £1.70p (pp128). 

Available W.' H. Smith and 
leading bookshops. 

Why gold 
could now 
pay off 

The peace and quiet camps 

If * 

* d 

nnaroperipis ram «»*«*”*» 



‘ J|y What do 
W/ y° u need to 
^ succeed in your 
new business? 

, Luck?Orone 

T '*%■ 

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Specialist gold omt trusts have 
been naCabiy.poor performers.^ 
Not only has .the gold price 
been against them, -but most of 
the trusts have substantial 
holdings in Sonth African gold 
mines (70 per cent of tbe 
world's gold is mined in South 
Africa), whose share prices 
have been dramatically influ- 
enced by the country's politi- 
cal problems. The financial 
rand, the exchange medium 
through which shares are 
purchased by overseas inves- 
tors. has also slumped. 

Ail of this has meant that 
most unit trust groups look on 
their gold funds as a hit of an 
embarrassment. But one in- 
vesfrneot theory holds that the 
time to buy is when things look 
at their blackest. Is there a 
case for taking a gamble in 
gold unit trusts after this 
week's well publicized events? 

Rupert Carnegie, who nms 
the Henderson gold fund, 
dearly believes there might be 
— on a very speculative basis. 
~Onr gold fund is rather 
different, from the rest" he 
says. “We never had any 
shares in Sooth African gold 
mines until a few days ago, 
when we put about lO per cent 
of tbe fund portfolio there." 

He stresses that it is a very 
short-term gamble “It's a 
trading situation really. Last 
autumn there was a lot of 
gloom about South Africa 
followed byasbarp rally in tbe 
shares. Personally 1 think gold 
trusts are worth a cautions 
gamble on tbe pros pea of a 
rise in the gold price itself, not 
just because of the prospect of 
some recovery in Sonth Afri- 
can shares." 

Paddy Lmaker, who runs 
the M & G gold trusts, has 
really put his money where his 
mouth is: “I am patting my 
pension fund contributions 
into oar gold units. " 

The M & G gold fond has a 
40 per cent weighting in 
Sonth African shares. He 
reckons the gamble is a two- 
way bet: “If things get worse in 
South Africa you could see the 
mines shot down, which would . 
probably result in a sharp [ 
increase in tfi.e gold price, ! 
which would benefit the other 
60 per cent of the portfolio. 

' Or the present crisis will pass, 
in which case yon could see 
some recovery in the shares 
and the financial rand." 

Adventure holidays should be 
the answer to every parent's 
prayers: During the endless 
summer holidays, the children 
are whisked away for a whole 
week to indulge in sports 
which feel dangerous but are 
really quite safe while peace 
reigns at home. 

The theoiy is terrific, and 
not surprisingly more and 
more children are going away 
to these A men can-style camps 
for a week's holiday at a cost 
of around £150. 

But there is growing disqui- 
et about the standards at these 
camps. Anyone can set up a 
children's aaivity holiday 
centre without having to regis- 
ter or follow any code or 
guidelines. - 

- Ten years ago the 
Consumers' Association 
called for a scheme to register 
and approve these centres but 
so far very little has happened. 

Talks are taking place be- 
tween the Department of the 

Parents should take 
a good look 

Environment, the DHSS and 
the Department of Education 
and Science. 

So it's up to parents to take 
a good look at what is offered. 

Meanwhile the industry has 
taken the initiative, and 
formed a trade association, 
the British Activity Holidays 
Association (BAHAX 

This began life in February 
with 12 founder members, 
including PGL, a well estab- 
lished residential holidays 
company, Oakham. 

Tonbridge and Aidenham 
Schools, and the new-style 
Dolphin and Camp Beaumont 
Holiday camps. It now has 
more than 80 members. 

“We want to be seen to be 
creditable operators." says the 
BAHA chief executive Bill 
Higginson. whose wife Liz 
runs Young Leisure Activity 

Initially all applicants are 
being allowed to join, so 
membership is no guarantee 
of any basic standards. But 
during the next year BAHA is 
committed to sending inspec- 
tors out to all the camps to 
check on standards of safety. 

activities you ask for? 

• Are afi she activities ai the 
ttfljw or msi« away? What if 
i! rains? 

• Whar about safety precau- 
tions? Arc the sports recog- 
nized by the governing body, 
lor example, the British Canoe 
Union? Are checks made on 
children's swimming ability 
for water-hased activities? 

• Who will the other chil- 
dren be? 

• What about travel and 
supervision — one seven-year- 
old was left wailing alone at 
Victoria station and was told 
be would be sate because there 
were plenty of porters around. 

• What is included in the 
price? VAT? Transport? What 
is the food like? 

• Whitt insurance coyer is 
there? Is it included in the 
basic price? 

Of course, parents want 
maximum superv ision while 

*One camp was all 
too organized’’ 

Fun, with exercise: Giles Lubnut at an adventure holiday 
camp. He preferred the holiday run by his school 

Handbook of activity 
. holidays is due 

staff training and the range of 

If the camps are not con- 

The test of BAHA as a guide 
for parents looking for decent 
standards will come when a 
member is thrown out of the 

At the moment ii is acting as 
a clearing house for parents 
searching for particular holi- 
days and it intends to publish 
a handbook of activity 

K hich. 9 . the Consumers' As- 
sociation magazine. looked at 

It is calling fora formal system 
of registration and inspection. 
The Nurseries and Child 

the children want the mini- 
mum. Giles Luoran. aged 12. 
from north London, starred 
on adventure holidays when 
he was seven and attended a 
special diabetics holiday 

He said: “We stayed in a 
boarding school. It was all too 
organized. We had to get up at 
6 am.” 

But things got better and 
last scar, when he went on an 
adventure holiday with his 
school, there was more free 
time and activities were less 
regimented, but he still had to 
be up by 7 am. 

“Being diabetic was no 
problem.” he said “My own 
teachers came along and un- 
derstood. The food was nice 
but there was not enough to 
cat or drink. 

'i would go on another 
adventure holiday if there was 
something I really wanted to 
do like rock climbing or 
canoeing. Bui I would nol 
'want to go on an organized 
holiday where you do a bit of* 
everything. It's a bit boring." 

The British Diabetic Associ- 

Minders Regulation Act al- al jon still runs special holi- 
ready provides a precedent for da \s for diabetic children. The 

forming to the BAHA code of aaivity holidays earlier this 
practice they, will be told to year and concluded that inde- 


»y— mu 

lighten, -up or 

pendent inspectors were need- 
ed to monitor holiday camps. 

As a higher I Information Industries Fund, a fund approved by 

// rate taxpayer; the Inland Revenue to operate within the terms of 

■ - you will already the Government’s Business Expansion Scheme. 
Jy know about the tax Like its three predecessors, its objective is to 

// advantages of the achieve capital growth that will be outstanding 
y/ Government’s Business by any standard, irrespective of the tax consider- 

Expansion Scheme. ation; over the next five to seven years. 

// You will know that you can Like its predecessors, it will be invested 

. S/ invest up to £40,000 a year in an exclusively in companies involved in the 

. // Inland Revenue approved BES burgeoning information industries. This includes 

' company or fund, and get full income areas such as computer software and services, 

tax relief at your top rate - so that, for telecommunications, broadcasting, electronics, 

example, a 60°/o taxpayer investing £5,000 publishing and advertising. All will be companies 

' will get £3,000 back in tax relief 

■ But a growing number of ^ " "" » 

experts do not think that tlnis 
is enough. They are taking y 
an increasingly critical look 

at the underlying quality 
of each BES fund And at 
.Hoare Octagon, we agree. 

After all, you have to 
remember that the taxrelief • 
is only given because of the • 
higher. level of risk in 
investment in unquoted ■ 
companiestand also that, in 
order to qualify, you must : 
be prepared for your capital 
to be tied up a for a period of 
at least five years, . > 

Hence the need for carefully- • 

. - researched. Carefully-chosen, carefully- managed 
BES investment 

Hence thcattraction of Hoare Octagons 
Information Industries BES Funds. These are 
managed by Hoare Octagon, a. joint venture of 

and our com- 
mitment is long 
term. We are work- 'X 
ing very. closely with 
all 21 companies in which 'X 
our previous three funds 
invested . 'X 

Our in-depth knowledge 
of the sector allows us to contribute 'X 
more than just money to our chosen 
companies. And our unique concept of 
the Octagon Club actively fosters Hading 
links between our investee 
companies, thus allowing us to 
help them succeed 

s NowCGT 

registering private premises 
where children under 16 are. 
looked after. 

W hich? looked at 1 2 centres 
and found quite a number of 
hazards and lax practices such 
as a swimming pool with a 
one-metre high diving board 
above less than two metres of 
water; a teen aged mini-mo tor- 
cycle instructor speeding 
through a centre without 
wearing a safety helmet, and a 
parked Sinclair C5 which 
rolled down a slope towards 
children until stopped by the 
W hich? inspeaor. 

Which? has compiled ques- 
tions that parents should ask 
before sending their children 
away to Camp Granada: 

Beware — the extras 
can mount up 

cost is£7Q to £1 50 for a week's 

Residential multi-activity 
holidays cost from £104 to 
£119 with Action Holidays. 
£166 with Hoseasons and 
£154 with Camp Beaumont. 

But beware. The extras can 
mount up. For instance, at 
Hoseason's holidays at Ard- 
more Adventure camps riding 
and go-kaning cost £10 per 
week, flying and computing an 
extra £25. and insurance £5. 

*•* % *. i t • . *. ' 

* £ 

Will the holiday be run by 

V win uib injmMj x/v. iuii u» j Qi O-- v L 

the firm in the brochure and. if 

British Activity Holidays d w- 
nation. PO Box W. Tunbridge 
Wells. Km TSl 2EL (m2 

not. who will run it? 

• How experienced are the 

• Will your child get the 

British Diabetic Association. 
10 Queen Amc Stwr. London 
W1M0BD (01-323 1531) 



Vivien Goldsmith 


*7 it* 

more on top. 

managed oy noare wetagon, a , jouil venture 
Hoare Govett, one of the UK’s largest stock- 

brokers with more titan £13 billion of private 
■ client s money under management, and Octagon 
Investment Management which specialises in the 
information industries. 

which, both because of the growth sector they are 
in, and also because they are young and unquoted, 
offer excellent potential for rapid growth. 

And like its predecessors, the companies in 
the 4th Fund will be chosen by our investment 
team; which has direct knowledge and experience 
of this sector (Gqaverage, they select just one 
in every fifty companies examined as suitable for 
HoarejQctagpn purposes). . 


^ . -V , ' Otner advantages of our 

Our aim: outstandin g growth ^Infonriationlnrix^^Fi and 

B)CaD y Sfancfard .. . Hoare Octagon Information Industries 

- On 16th June, the subscription list Funds are not 'hands off in management We 
\v: opened for the 4th Hoare Octagon provide a director to the board of each investee 

In his last Budget, the 
Chancellor announced 
chang es under which BES 
investments will be exempt 
from Capital Gains Tax on 
first disposed in addition to 
the Income Tax advantages 
enjoyed by BES invest- 
ments. This is particularly 
important to investors in the 
h. Hoare Octagon Information 
Industries Fund — because growth 
is our principal objective. 

The minimum investment is £3,000 and 
the Fund is limited to a maximum of £2,000,000. 
An absolute maximum of 666 investors may 
therefore participate. It is intended that the 
closing date for subscriptions will be 31st July 
1986, but the Fund may be closed earlier if it is 
oversubscribed. You should note that this 
advertisement gives only brief details of the Fund 
and is not intended as a summary. Accordingly, 
applications to subscribe will be accepted only on 
the terms and conditions set out in the memo- 
randum. describing the Fund. / 

So send for details of the Fund now -// 
by completing the coupon below, or by 
telephoning 01-408 0828. /y 

Send your child 


; 30% of the fees. 

You could hardly give your child a better start; 
than by looking to The Equitable Life. 

Because our new School Re Trust Plans make 
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For example, eight annual contributions total- 
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The truth i ^ nursemaid for the house 


Nearly three-quarters of 
Britain's small businesses 
— firms employing fewer 
than 50 people — have no 
pension schemes for 
employees, according to 
Commercial Union. And 
those that do have a 
scheme do not seem, ter- 
ribly interested in it 

Half the employees 
questioned did not know 
how much pension they 
would get and three out of 
four did not know how 
much life cover was 

Commercial Union's 
new Prime Retirement 
Plan is specially designed 
for the small business. 
The life manager Robbie 
Graham points out: 
“Considering the efforts 
of insurers and intermedi- 
aries in this field together 
with the Government’s 
current interest in pension 
legislation, we were dis- 
turbed by the general low 
level of awareness.” 

And so say all of us. 


In my experience, getting 
away from it all always turns 
out to be more expensive than 
one has bargained for. 

But at least (touch wood) ! 
have never relumed from a 
: holiday to find that my house 
has been burgled or that the 
cats have clawed up die best 

In theory, of course, the 
household insurance should 
cover either of these disasters. 
Yet a growing number of 
people are prepared to spend a 
bit extra in the* hope of 
averting them altogether. 

In the past five years the 
caretaking service provided by 
Universal Aunts has become- 
increasingly popular, accord- 
ing to the managing director 
Kate Herbert-Hunting. 

. She says: “If someone is 
going away we can supply a 
caretaker -who will take care of 
their home, their plants and 
-their pets. The client would 
pay her return fore and a 
weekly fee which starts at 
around £56. 

“This would not include 
domestic dudes, such as clean- 
ing the home, but if a caretak- 
er- was asked to do this we 
would negotiate a fee. 

“The fees can vary , depend- 
ing on the work involved. 
Some people have ponies or 
other outside animals. But we 

would discuss it with the client 
and work things out on an 
individual basis. 

“As .for food, the clients 
usually leave a lot of things in 
the deep-freeze and the care- 
takers tend to be responsible 
for their own milk, bread and 

“We introduce the two so 
that they can talk by phone. 
The householders can explain 
-what they want and the care- 
taker can ask questions. Then 
the client usually likes to book 
the caretaker a day before they 
4 O away, so that they can 
explain the locks and other 

Of course, a great many 
people rely on friends or 
neighbours to make sure their 

which eat more, cost £5.25 a 
day) or £2.25 for a cat 

If you wanted your animals 
collected this can be done. The 
maximum charge is £6 each 
way and the maximum dis- 
tance would be into central 
London or the equivalent. 

The kennels also insist that 
all animals have up-to- date 
vaccination certificates and. 
that every animal is included 
in the block insurance scheme 
at an extra £1.50 a head a 

Ifl were to board my three 
cats there for a week the total 
cost, excluding any vaccina- 
tion fees which might be 

necessary, would be £S7.75. 

Even if one does deride that 
boarding animals is the an- 
swer. it is usually necessary to 

If you are actually burgled, make sure 
sure, nothing irreplaceable is stolen 

pets are fed and/or exercised 
while they are away. 

But if this is not possible 
then arrangements have to be 
made for the animals to be 
boarded out — and if you have 
more than one pet, this could 
prove to be more expensive 
than employing a caretaker. 

At the Greevelds Boarding 
Kennels near Hitchin, Hert- 
fordshire, for instance, you 
would be charged £X25 per 
day for a dog (Great Danes, 

ask a neighbour to keep aneye 
on the house anyway, making 
sure that there are no tell-tale 
signs that the place is empty. 

After all, these days it is not 
enough to cancel the mflk and 
the papers. The newsagent 
may stop his delivery but the 
free sheets keep coming 

And as a final precaution it 
is worthwhile taking steps so 
that if the worst happens and 
you are burgled, nothing irre- 

placeable is stolen. Insurance 
money cannot restore items of 
sentimental as opposed 10 
strictly financial value. 

Most branches of most high 
street banks offer a safe custo- 
dy service. You take along 
your valuables in a sealed 
envelope, package or locked 
box and the bank will keep 
them in the strongroom white 
you are away. 

The fees for this service 
vary. Most banks have a scale 
of yearly charges, although 
some, such as Barclays, charge 
by the half-year. You may 
'have to pay the full amount 
even if you want to use the 
service for only a couple of 

However, if you do a lot of 
business with your bank, are a 
valued customer and know 
the manager, he can usually 
use his discretion as to wheth- 
er the charges are waived or 

If you bank with Barclays 
and hold a Premier Card or 
keep an average balance of 
£500 or more in your account, 
the service will be free. 

Normally. however, 
Barclays charges £1.44 a half- 
year for a sealed envelope. 
£5.75 for a small box or parcel 
and £11 JO for a Large box. 
Lloyds charges £3 a year each 
for envelope and small items. 
£10 to £15 for small parcels, 
and £20 to £30 for larger 
boxes. National Westminster 


m cwmmwm me emsm 
rn M r/tff 

charges £4.60 a year for an 
envelope, £13.80 for a small 
box, and £23 for a larger one. 
The Midland will take up to 
three envelopes for £5.75 with 
additional items at £2.87 each: 
small boxes cost £ 1 1.50 a year, 
medium ones are £17.25, and 
large ones £34.50. 

items held by a bank in safe 
custody are not insured by the 
bank. It is up to you to make 
sure this is done. 

Now you can see for 
yourself exactly what 
home insurance cover 
you need and what it’s 

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tW liifciHBM Adviser 

— . Dace of Renewal 

iifaum mHiiik i»> 


One woman who is thankful 
that she had the foresight to 
pul her jewellery m the bank 
when she went abroad told 
me “li was like a bad dream 
to come home and find I'd had 
a break-in. But in the end it 
turned out not to be too bed 
after all 

“I didn't really mind about 
their taking the television or 
the radio - they were easily 

replaced. But 1 was really glad 
that they hadn’t got my 

Universal Aunts. 250 King's 
Road. London SW3 5UE (01- 
351 5767). Greenve/ds Board- 
ing Kenncis. Kimpton. 
Hitchin. Hertfordshire (043& 


The loans that 
can land you 
deeply in debt 


Not long ago Mr Smith was 
asked to guarantee a bank loan 
for a friend to help finance his 
studies in the United States. 

The bank — one of the high 
street giants - was reluctant to 
agree the loan of about £5.000 
without the assurance of a 
guarantee from a respectable 
third party. 

' When he asked the bank 
what a guarantee involved. Mr 
Smith was told that it was 
really nothing more than a 
formality to complete the 
documentation of the loan, 
that guarantees were standard 
procedure and were common, 
and that ail it needed was a- 
signature on the bottom of a: 

If Mr Smith had any reser- 
vations. the bank said, an 
official would bring the form ' 
to his house and answer any 
questions before the guarantee 
was signed — which had to be 
done rathe presence of a bank 

The official duly arrived 
with the form, but on reading 
the small print Mr Smith, 
refused to sign.. 

His reasons for refusing are 
not hard to understand. Virtu- 
ally all bank guarantees are 
drawn up on the same princi- 
ples and two in "particular 
stand out -with horrifying 

If you sign a guarantee you 
are probably committing 
yourself to cover ah unlimited 
amount, of debt incurred by 
the person you are guarantee- 
ing. and you are doing it for an 
indefinite period. A standard 
guarantee is not limited purely 
to the size and duration of a 
particular loan. 

As Mr Smith's little tale 
suggests, bank managers can 
on occasion be irresponsibly 
cavalier about explaining the 
details and implications of 
personal guarantees to unsus- 
pecting customers who are 
completely unfamiliar with 
such arrangements. The only 
remedy is io approach guaran- 
tees with deep suspicion. - 

“A guarantee will normally 
cover all monies owing to the 
bank on any of the borrower's 
.accounts. Nor is it limited to 
loans of a specific purpose" 

‘Guarantees drawn to 
catch all situations’ 

explained a solicitor responsi-. 
Me for drawing up such docu- 
ments atthe Midland Bank. 

He added: “Guarantees, 
like many bank documents, 
are drawn widely to catch all 

If you are lucky you may be 
able to get your solicitor to 
add clauses to a guarantee 
document limiting the 
amount of money covered and 
put a time limit on the 
guarantee. However, foe solic- 
itor said: “Bankers don’t really 
like to have their forms 
changed or messed around.*’ 

The reason why guarantees 
are so . loosely framed is that 
they are generally used to back 
borrowings on ovetdrafi. Be- 
cause every new increase in 
borrowing on an overdraft 
must by law be treated as -a 
new loan, and because over- 
drafts are rarely used for one 
specific. reason, banks insist 
on the catch-all phrasing of the 

The only concession banks 

usually make is to send the 
guarantor a letter about every 
four years reminding him that 
his guarantee is still outstand- 
ing and how large the debts are 
that- it is covering. 

You can terminate a guar- 
antee only by writing to the 
bank, giving, in most cases, 
three months' notice. But 
even here there are snags and 
you could find yourself locked 
into the guarantee indefinitely 
whether you like it or noL 

Trying to terminate a guar- 
antee generally triggers a 
clause which says that if the 
borrower cannot find alterna- 
tive sdmrity of repay his debt 
the guarantor wilt have to pay 
up for him. 

■ ’ : • In ofoef words, the guaran- 
tor is safe only if he knows the 
borrower can find another 
guarantor of his debts^ or has 
built up enough security of his 
own. or has repaid his debts. 

If the borrower has none of 
these, the mere act. of termi- 
nating your guarantee is likely 
to set off the borrower's 
default and make you directly 
liable for his debts. 

The last resort for 
seenrity on loans’ 

. - Few bankers claim that the 
guarantee system is entirely 
satisfactory. "Guarantees are 
rather a dirty subject." said 
Mike Goddard, of the Mid- 
land. “The guarantor never 
really expeas to have to pay 
up on anything, so it is always 
a shock when he does. It 
causes more rifts between 
friends than anything." 

He added: “Guarantees are 
a last resort fora bank looking 
for security on loans. They 
would for rather have things 
like share certificates or life 
policies to hold as security, 
but sometimes these simply 
are not available. 

“Guarantees are taken less 
and less frequently these days. 
Banks don't like them and 
customers don'* like them." 

But if you are asked to stand 
as guarantor for someone, 
what should you look out for? 
“You should go to see foe 
bank manager at the same 
time as the person you are 
guaranteeing and talk the 
whole thing out there." said 

You should check, for ex- 
ample. on whether anyone else 
is entitled to draw on the 
account you are guaranteeing. 

“You should understand 
exactly what you are agreeing 
.to." said Mr Goddard. “Take 
the form to your own solilicor 
before signing if you are not 

Moreover, you should keep 
a dose eye on the debts .of the 
borrower and not just forget 
about the guarantee. .You are 
entitled to ask the bank at 
regular intervals about the size 
of the debts covered by your 
guarantee and you should take 
the opportunity to terminate it 
-if and wh«i you want to. 

Many guarantees are given 
for relatively small amounts, 
such as by parents on 
students' overdrafts. But if the 
arrangement is allowed to ran 
indefinitely parents may even- 
tually find themselves liable to 
their children's more adult 

Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 






























The self-starters on £40 a 






MO/ 1 

1 1 70 

1 Bonus J 
















1 5th & lohn F. Kennedy Boulevard. 
Philadelphia. Pfcnrtsyfiania. 19102. USA. 
Bell Saving* Bank PaSA has been established 
for more i Ion 60 jears and offers a lull banking 

Ibul assets over S3SO.OOO.OOO - less liabilities 
in excess ofS 1 2.900.000. 

For raU information pteese write UK 

I Bdl Savings Bank. FREEPOST. Dept Y. 

The Crave. Starraek Lane. Coukdon. Sunev CR3 9UU 
or phone 0 1 -Ot«0 4354 

I Please send me Bell Savings Bank brochure. 



★ ★★★★★★★ 

Since ihe Enterprise Allow- 
ance Scheme started in August 
1983. about 140.000 people 
have signed up. The aim of the 
EAS is to help the unemployed 
start their own business. Peo- 
ple accepted on to the scheme 
are paid £40 a week for 52 
weeks to supplement their 
income while their new busi- 
ness is getting 'off the ground. 

By the end of 1986 an 
estimated £209 million will 
have been spent by the 

The rules are: 

• You must have been unem- 
ployed for at least 13 weeks 
and have been receiving un- 
employment or supplemen- 
tary benefit during this period. 

• You must be able to show 
that you have at least £1.000 
available to invest in the 
business in the first 12 months 
— this may be in the form of a 
loan or overdraft facility. 

• The business must not have 
started to operate before ac- 
ceptance on to the scheme. 

• The business must be 
completely independent and 
not be financially dependent 
on another company. 

Somewhat surprisingly, 
there is no test of the viability 
of the business, and despite 
the claim to the contrary in the 
Enterprise Allowance Scheme 
Guide there appears to be little 
check on the progress of the 
business throughout the year. 
There is. however, much free 
advice- available for entrants 
to the scheme. The Small 
Finns Service, the Scottish 
Development Agency and the. 
Welsh Development Agency 
all provide a free business 
information service and low- 
cost counselling. 

People accepted on to the 
scheme are automatically in- 
troduced to the Small Firms 
Service and are eligible for 

%ance. and often waited weeks 
for diems to pay for their 
portraits. Hus resulted In the 
gr adua l build-up of her over- 
draft which shebasyotopay 
off. L ; 

There were ate p roblems 
fix* work and occtSiOQjkm 

writing nasty teuerv which 
she understandably found de- 
pressing. Since fimsbmg the 
scheme she has alternated 
between the dole and occa- 
sional temporary work, but 
has no intention of trying to 
develop the business at the 
moment . . . - . 

“I can't afford to carry on 
without a guarante ed income 
of some bwL*’ she says. "1 

suppose I was quite lacfcy- 1 

got £1.000 from my dad and 
didn't have to pay mu. If I'd 
borro w ed the money I’d be in 
terrible trouble now.” 

Mark Wilson studied design 
at the . London College of 
Furniture and joined the 
scheme this year, making 
lampshades which he de- 
signed hunsefC He also got 
£1.000 from bis father to 
invest in the business but 
spent very little of it initially. 

All his own work: Mark Wilson sells lampshades he has designed and made himself and a drawing 

buying only a sewing machine 
and a drawing board. 

three free counselling sessions. 

But despite the wide avail- 
ability of such advice the EAS 
applies no pressure to take any 
of it. It is entirely up to the 
individual to consult the rele- 
vant agencies for financial and 
management counselling. 
How do the EAS candidates 
make out? 

Mark Able and Nick 
Brocket! started on the Enter- 
prise Allowance Scheme in 
April 1984 and set up business 
in Liverpool making wooden 
cassette racks. They used a 
room in their flat as a work- 

shop and spent their initial 
investment on a variety of 
.woodworking tools. 

Once the business had got 
under way and they had 
started to sell their product 
they borrowed more money 
and in the course of their year 
managed to supplement their 
allowance . with the profits 
from their cassette racks, and. 
mote importantly, build up a 
good credit reference with the 
bank. M It was the bank manag- 
er rather than the EAS that we 
had to convince of the viabili- 
ty of our business.** says Mark. 


. Although life had been 
difficult daring the first year. 1 
when their allowance ran out 
they deckled to carry on and 
expand the business. At this 
point they rented a derelict 
shogand teamed up with Pete 
Gomn. who was just starling 
on the scheme after several 
years as a builder, and Fran 
Hardiman. who is now the 
shop manager. 

Pete invested some of his 
£ 1.000 in a van and the rest in 
die renovation of the shop. 
“We had . to borrow more 
money to do up ihe shop and 
had to do all the building work 
ourselves.** said Mark. 

Nick inherited some money 
and with this and a further 
loan they bought a lathe, a 
in corker, a belt sandec and a 
variety of saws, and : pro- 
gressed from-making cassette 
racks to tables, chairs, boxes, 
shelves and much more be- 
sides. as well as selling work 
by local craftsmen and artists. 

They get their wood from a 
local tree surgeon at a third of 
the cost of timber yard prices, 
and most of their work is 
made to order. “We can't 
afford to make things specula-: 
lively yet,” says Pete. 

The shop, called Sawdust 
Designs, has now been open 
for about nine months r and 
although it is not making a 
huge profit it is doing enough 

His materials axe cheap and 
be has very few overheads, so 
he has no problems with cash 
flow at the moment. The 
difficulty is in selling the 
product. He spends his 'time 
either making lampshades or 
taking them to shops and 
design- centres aft over 

He has plans to show his 
work at various exhibitions 

The mam problem 

is marketing 

later this year. Despite a slow 
start he sciH thinks the schente 
is a good idea, ”!f ssornetimes 
tempting todo nothing all day 
but the feeling of guib is 
always hanging over you and 
you're more or less obliged to 
get up and work.” be says. 

He is less sure about con- 
tinuing when the allowance 
runs ouL “I'll probably go 
back to college and do a 
postgraduate coarse,** he says. 


‘Sometimes we found 

business to. meet the over- 

Afi the people I spoke to had 
at some time sought advice 
from the previously men- 
tioned sources. Nevertheless, 
they had all experi e nced diffi- 
culties. The main problem was 
marketing their products and 
serviees. The advice had not 
necessa ril y made their posi- 
tion any easier. Mask Able 
said: “You can get advice on 
how to run a business any- 
where: but it's all different 
You’ve got to sort out the 
good from the bad yourself.” 

beads, keep the loan repay- 
merits going and keep the four 





FRIDAY 27 th JUNE 1986 

The increased Offer gives shareholders .two alternative forms of consideration. 

merns going and keep the four 
partners alive. ' 

Mark is ambivalent about 
the benefits of the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme: “1 don’t 
think that £40 a week is 
enough, and we found it very 
difficult sometimes, but we 
struggled on and after a lot of 
hard work it's turned out quite 
well.- It’s nice being your own 
boss though and it's better 
than being on the dole:" 

Others have found it diffi- 
cult to make a living even on 
the scheme. Ceri Stone joined 
the scheme in early 1985 and 
set up a photography business 
after leaving college. She spent 
her £1.000 on lights, back- 
drops and lenses, and also had 
posters and business cards 
printed which she distributed 
among various an and drama 
colleges and shops. 

Despite this and a consider- 
able amount of word-of- 
mouth publicity she found 
business slow. “I could never . 
be sure of getting jobs*" she 
said. “Sometimes there would 
lie weeks between clients and 
Td sit around waiting for the. 
phone to ring." 

• She also bad cash flow 
problems -r having spent her 
initial investment she then : 
had lo pay for - films and 7 
developing services in ad- 

contacted by the EAS or the 
Manpower Services Commis- 

Man power Services Commis- 
sion to monitor prog re s s, al- 
though all had been visited 
very briefly after three months 
to have their continuing eligii 
bilily for the scheme checked.-' 

. Similarly, none of the pro-/ 
pie I spoke lo had been asked 
to submit any kind of progress 
repeal or general opinion of 
the scheme. It seems that once, 
you join the Enterprise Allow-; 
a nee Scheme you are truly out 
your own. 

Even if yon are worried 
about asking for advice, as 
many people certainly are. 
there will be no one on your ; 
doorstep to push or encourage - 
you. As-a press officer for tht: 
Manpower Services Comm ten- 
sion said: "We're not in the 
business of checking. Our ainr 
is to give people the opporut* 
nity to start theirown business! 
and provide them with ih£ 
support of a regular income; : 
without which many people 
would never do it." :: 

Sean Geer 

77?r scheme is available i fr 
anyone tnvr J 8 and be/aw state 

rerirctrient age. More informa- 
tion is available from any job- 


671 p 






Figures based on market prices at 3.30 pm Wednesday 18th June, 1986. 

abh : — —lorn 

Idam & Company- torn 

BCC1— . — 10.00ft 

Cfflank Savingst — .10.75% 

Consolidated Cnte— 10.00% 

Continental Trust .-.10.00% 

CcHjpefatwe Bank 1000% 

Cl- H orn & Co - m mu 

Hong Kong- S Shanghai 1QD0%- 

Hops Ba nfc,^..- mntHf, 

Nat Westminster KUMt 

Royal Bank of Scotfaad— lOjOOft • 

TSB — 10JM% 

CMrank NA_L; — 1CLQ0% 

t Mertgjfe Bane Sue. 






*The Increased Offer is final. It will not be further increased. It will remain open for acceptance until 
1 pm on Friday 27th June, 1986. ft will not be extended thereafter unless it has become or been 
declared unconditional as to acceptances by that date. However, Siebe reserves the ri§ht to extend 
or further increase the increased Offer if a competitive situation should arise. 


■ wuRKMniecu I itAK 


in 3 years our Client base has increased 
(ram 3,000 to SiOOCL The Triple 
Bonus Bond (Aimnersary Issue) 
cetebraes tbs success, Investors «B 
taw thar money (tended to secorea 
guaranteed 1 year return of 14% net on 
their account wdh one of the biggest 
Societies and the balance mvestadm a - 
£500 tmS&on Managed And that has 
averaged 187%" since it 
started m I977t. 

This offer may dose In days. 

- Cerfl 0272-276954 now 
fewra Reservation Number. 

"at base tax.- T12.IQ77- L5J36 
Mm investment £2.000 

The W Ktonwort Benson bunitad on behalf ol Satie pic ThgPffBaofsofSeteDfcare ihe persons responafate for Ore in fo rmation contented w this advartiseniBnt To Kg bested their knowledge and DsW, . 

tb mf ii, ■ n r/ isnwcass) ttte (njorrruitiQn GOnlatned «n adygrtoserngnt sti accordance with the teas Tha PtfECtoffiCfl Ssoa 0*c accept respoflabday accordingly 

irxj mar> ' a pnc ® 0rS,t ? ry Sri3TBS T^above«^vaiwBtMWO<w»ttmi(W»mart«Qua^ 

J ^ arT T T< ^ J "COfrrom t3ir Kiel rrwa rt G neve^na nd Co dated 4th June iSBe.theabowatterwtuetakMaccoomoranMitfTia^ 

wBoe of inBSBOeComartttePrafafBnceSviareo! not iessihani06.So8ac(i. Based on ffwatjoee pros otSie&aOrdmry Shares The value of the S»beOanvwtifatePrel ao»Ka ShaiwBBBOmaiBdb8cauwrt^OTnrtpfBBanBy quoad 


PRffl’OSTBrisfof.BSlSBR. J 

NAME -- | 


TEL- ■ • I- 

THE«Hfo 13 MES 

AMOUNT «ttiu«jr 


None of than had been — 

* it 



1 !ai>h 


“ it 



H. !Sj 



• i, taj- 

• J’:om . 


. ■ ■ ?, 
up 1 Aii 

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* nv main. 

* s marketing 

iff ? 3 

MW s :'?=^ 

The home where It all went wrong: David and E K za h e tfa Holt paid £170,000 for property that will be demolished 

Dream house horrors 


What would you do if you had 
just completed the purchase of 
your £170,000 dream home, 
only to find two weeks after 
you had handed . over the 
money that the local council is 
publishing proposals which 
will result in your house being 
demolished to make way fora 
new bypasS? 

This is exactly what hap- 
pened to David and Elizabeth 
Holt, who decided at the end 
of July 1985 to buy a detached 
house in Wroxbam, Norfolk. 

The Holts had to get the 
legal side sorted out quickly. 
They were able to have access 
to the local searches dated July 
12, 1985, which had been 
issued to an earlier proposed 

The searches, which solici- 
tors send out to the local 
council, arc in a standard 
form. One of the questions is 
directed to the county council 
in its capacity as the highway 
authority. The question asks 
whether the council 

(a) has approved any highway 
proposals which ' would- in- 
volved the acquisition of the 
property, or. 

(b) has published for the 
purpose of public consultation 
any proposals for a new road 

within 200 metres of me 
property. . 

The council had replied 
"No" Jto both- these, inquiries . 
The results of. the rest of the 
search were also clear. ; . 

The Holts exchanged con- 
tracts on August 6 but the date 
of completion was conditional 
on their solicitor receiving 

satisfactory . results to then- 
own local searches. 

The second standard set of 
searches was received at the 
beginning of September. The 
searches were completely dear 
and the replies to the road 
proposal questions were again 

Mr and Mrs Holt therefore 
completed their purchase on 
September 9. On the Septem- 
ber 26 the local council pub- 
lished proposals for public 
consultation for the proposed 
routes of the Wroxham by- 
pass. There were, in fid, 
seven different proposed 
routes. But the council’s plan- 
ning and transportation com- 
mittee confirmed earlier this 
year that it preferred the 

*We expected to be 
here for many years 9 

eastern route — the one that 
would ran right through Mr 
and Mrs Holt's property. 

Furthermore, Bernard 
Fanant, a spokesman for Nor- 
folk County Council said he 
has no reason to believe that 
the full council will not ap- 
prove the committee's recom- 
mended eastern route when it 
meets at the end of July. 

Some people may say that 
Mr and Mrs Holt have been 

WUIUIIUJ uuiuvajr. mm uiw 

search bad been made just two 
weeks later, the road proposals 
would have been published. 
The reply to the question on 
the search would have been 
“Yes”, and Mr and Mrs Holt 
say they would not have 
bought the property, even 
though the final route bad still 
to be decided - - 

They are extremely dis- 
traught. Mrs Holt explained: 
“We bought the property to 
live in and improve and we 
have spent £30.000 doing it 
up. It is a beautiful house and 
we thought we would be here 
for many years. Instead the 
whole of the area will disap- 
pear under the tarmac." 

The Holt's solicitor said; 
“The council should consider 
disclosing the possibility of a 
road scheme which substan- 
tially affects a property 'as 
soon as it is ‘on the cards*. By 
sticking rigidly to the strict 
letter of the law they are 
perhaps open to criticism." 

Bernard Farrant, the coun- 
cil spokesman disagrees: “The 
sellers' interests have to be 
looked after as well as those 
who are buying properties. We 
have a rolling programme of 
bypass building, and if we put 
a note on the searches on all 
the proposed routes, we would 
blight hundreds of properties. 
We have toapply the rules and 
answer the questions asked." 

Could it be then that it is the 
questions on the search forms 
that are at fault? A Law 
Society spokeswoman said: 
"The wording on searches has 
given rise to problems in the 
past and is fir from ideal The 
main problem is that we work 

together with the local au- 
thorities association and they 
indicate to us what inquiries 
they can handle. 

" “ We have also been press- 
ing the local authorities to 
computerize, but so fir the 
negotiations have come to 
pretty much nothing.” 

While the Law Society is 

battling to change the system, 
the Holts are asking the 
council for reimbursement of 
£5,000 for the legal fees and 
removal expenses for their 
purchase over and above any 
compensation to which they 
may be entitled if they cannot 
sell the house or if it is 
purchased by the council. 

Their solicitor explained: 
“The comments made by the 
council rather miss the point. 
A seller compelled to stay put 
as a result of a comment on a 
local search will be entitled to 
compensation. But the Holts 
have incurred a great deal of 
additional expense which they 
may not be able to recover 
unless the council agrees." 

Buyers should make 
discreet inquiries 

The council has intimated 
that the Holts' request will be 

considered, but not until Sep- 
tember. a whole year after the 
purchase. Commenting on the 
likelihood of reimbursement 
the council's spokesman said: 
"It would be a m^jor 
precedent if we were to do it.” 

The lesson is: Buyer beware. 
But purchasers of property can 
frequently help themselves. 

nicrtw* innmn^c M the 

neighbours, local newspapers, 
or the Citizens* Advice Bureau 
can often reveal road and 
planning proposals which are 
still “in the air”, and could 
stop you from making one of 
the most expensive mistakes 
of your life. 

Susan Fieldman 

Far full details, telephone or write to Nicolas Bowater 
The minimum investment is £50,000 


Members of The Stock Exchange 

or 0800 400 495 (Evenings and Weekends) 
- 65 Holborn Viaduct, 

London EC1 A 2EU and Edinburgh 
Tfetex 886653. PROCURG 

Member of the ANZ Group 




The Winning Team 
Turns to Japan and the Far East 

Poised for new Observer 

Economic Growth Manager 

The new Far Eastern and i]^ « 

General Fund has been set up 
by Vanguard Trust Managers JJmt Tn 

to exploit investment oppor- Group ol 

tunities m the Far East, 

especially Japan. 

They consider that this sector could well be 
poised for new growth. 

Vanguard 'Dust expertise is now available 
directly to the public in this sector. 

Investment Objectives 

The Trust aims to provide medium to long . 
term capital growth by investing in equities on 
Far Eastern Stock Markets, with the majority - 
approximately 90% - on the Japanese Stock 

General Information 

Upon receiplof yonr application form a coo tract note will be sent, 
followed by* certificate in 7vceek& Unit prices and yield* are quoted m 
the Financial Thus. Units con be sold bark to the Managers «t not leas 
than (he minimum bid price calculated u>a formula approved by the 
DepartmentoTIVade. The Thwt is ou (horsed by the DepartmeotoTfrade 
and constituted by a Deed doted 12th June 1986- An initial charge of 5% 
is included in lie offer price of units, from which remuneration is payable 
la qualified buennediariM at rates available on request. The annual 
charge is seui 1 phis VAT of the value of the lYust las opposed to a 
maximum of 2% permitted in the Deed). This isdedueied tram the grass 
income and is allowed for io the current gross yield- DjfaribctkmGwill be 
paid yearly on the 7th June- However the estimated gross yield is ,011b 
Untstee: Barclays Buk*B-ust Company Limited. 54 bombard Street. 
London EC3P3AH. 

Managers: Vanguard Tinst Managers Limited. 65 Holborn Vtadnct. 
London EC 1A2EU. telephone 01-238 3033, Member of the Unit *Dtist 

Tlus offer is not available to residents of Ere. 

Award Winning 

Observer Small Unit Trust 
Management Group of the 

Money Management Small 
Unit Trust Management 
Group of the Year Award. 

Unit Trust An Outstanding 
roup of the Pedigree 

J4 & 1985. Vanguard Trust Managers 

a ent S mall is a wholly-owned subsidiary 

“gemmt of stockbrokers Capel-Cure 

ar Award. Myers, one of the City's most 

quoted and authoritative 

sources on investment topics. 

Capel-Cure Myers currently look after over 
£1.7 billion of funds for private, institutional 
and pension fund clients. 

How to Invest 

Tb invest in this Thist, please complete this 
application form and send it to the managers. 

Please remember that the value of units and 
the income from them can go down as well as up. 

London EC1A 2EU Telephone: 01-236 3053 

I/We wish to in vest! minim urn £500) In the r—r 

Vanguard Far Eastern & General Fund at C. 
the offer price ruling on receipt of my ©E 

application. . 

A cheque is enclosed, made payable to Vanguard Trust Managers Ltd. 
Tick box for accumulation units Q 

First Name I in full 1 

Surna me ( Mr/Mrs/Msl 





f Pieas« indicate prof esinoruU ad vitcr. 






With the Gateway Gold Star Account 
you can always lay your hands on your 
money, and you wont have to pay any 
. penalties or suffer any delays. 

Invest £10,000 and above in Gold Star 
and earn 8.00% net interest p.a. Invest from 
£5,000 and above and earn 7.75% net 
interest p.a. Invest £1,000 and above and you 
still earn an attractive 7.50% net interest p.a. 

On investments of £5,000 and above, 
interest can be paid monthly or credited to 
your account. Just write for rates and 

Call in at your nearest branch (we're 
throughout the U.K.), or write tor Gateway 
Building Society, FREEPOST, Worthing, 
West Sussex BN13 2BR. 

Balances beJow£l,Q00pay 5J5%net interest pj.The rates shown are 








Gateway Building Society Gateway House, Durrington Lane, Worthing, West Sussex BN13 2QH. 

.. i. -■- . . -i ^ .v.-v-iittr . 

Jka.Vi«u%%Aje> — 





'•v/ -C;W TTTF 

-. . "" f .1 " 

investors need to 
a eye on TV 


‘ • 

A*53 ) 

v..t:ch %\nat \o 

. Tck*t 

5 :-.*«■ 

i corn: is o‘-i to 

Tha 1 manner 
market comes 

* r r JV 

«.-n : 

' ».vCn ji2r,:is. 

sion that a 

. iv..“ 

: l 

•-••• iri.'rt- »; up tor 

aiiraciiu* is 

s..-^ a 

' - • ■ 

-„ m . oarrn- 



Ildars »<•>. (Oi)ows 

are no. set rule.’ 

► SkT ?ri- 


^ in 

iik<: juris:::? a ra 
adviser has h: 

S<:. • • . . s j sc i o ns i:i UM ba 
in b> V.’ canes u:in first 

dcaf-gs a v.-ce*. later. 

ihjiT*-.-* :o raise 

i .2 t; *'ro~ iis oiTcr tor 
sci’i. 's'-.jL.i cr.:o in or. 
th:i rev. issue? And ■•vhz.t 
arc-*.-: •: rtea issues m 

il’-j p;p.ii--e7 

“Ne 1 . issues i.v almost 
Juc; suoirc .e do ix-lter if ■.he 

c on p j y nc m e :s \\ .* i ! 
k 1.T1." iz\r LtiT-I} Lewis. 
'ii‘ s i-: c -. i' re *.j r> So;- mou r 
r lorc-e "Lz-'l Ashic> ••••as 
a!v..:-.s v-mc. to wierribi; 

Oi'cours-.. a ram cos name is 
ir. r; 7-.jj.~s a Guarantee 01 
r'-’r orrt3r“o. as Rolls- 
Rojce tr.kOs’.ors cea’d on re 
ha - e a'ienec*. 5 c: Thames 
leeks \-X: Lvir- a popular 
issue. Tec :oo;:n: >n the 
mn'-ke- is L v a. i: is *airl> 
at-raom e. ana n »cu ac n’-csi 
vol! will ccriainK L*e ablv Jo 

w issue is 

>pec:ai pre vrirnees — ine man- 
uiomcn: of the company, the 
pre>peo:s tor the particular 
htarL’i. the quaiii;- of the 
hr «slt> end bankers responsi- 
ble sir the issue. the 
company's track record and, 
of course, the price of the 

Even the most promising 
new issues can Hop because 

The issue was just 
iso expensive 

ire markets think they are too 
expensive. The recent belly- 
due from the well though i-of 
Mrs Field's Cookie Company 
was largely attributed :c* the 
issue- being jus* too expensive. 

The merits of the particular 
company of course are crucial, 
but new issues in general have 
one great advantage over 
shares" which are already trad- 
ed. “Dealing costs arc low," 
savs Richard Petrson. of 

stockbrokers Klein wort 
Grievson. “It's a good way of 
getting hold of shares without 
having to go through stock- 
brokers and jobbers." Both* 
brokers and jobbers take their 
own commissions on any 
share purchase. 

Some stockbrokers, notably 
h'oare Govett and Kleinwort 
Grievson. have set up share 
hotiines for individuals want- 
ing to trade in the markets, but 
the systems save only time, 
not money. They are forced to 
charge certain amounts be- 
cause of a commission struc- 
ture which is due 10 be 
dispensed with in October. 
•■We shall be looking to reduce 
costs then," says a spokesman 
for Klcinwon Grievson. 

One way to cut a few 
comers on expense is to buy 
and sell quickly, or "slag" the 
issue. Buying and selling with- 
in a set period of time saves 
stamp duty of I per cent, plus 
one set of brokers’ commis- 
sion. which would usually be 
levied on both purchase and 

Slagging is not just an 
inexpensive way to deal in 
shares. It is a profitable busi- 
ness if you know which issues 
to choose. British Telecom, 
which virtually doubled on 
flotation was an example, 
although very few issues per- 

Good little earner? Thames shares will give yon a 
form quite so spectacularly. Ad.yfcc. of a sort, will be 
Moreover, the dealing costs prptfdcd. -Rather than acuial- 
for BT were cut right down: it K advising which issue is best, 
rs .not usual 10 deal in shares aj. 'MU will refuse to provide 
ihcPost Office. ... credit on the. newcomers it 

**Wc do an enoprtlous does not like. In other words, 
amount of staging with our the riskier investments will be 
funds." says the' investment 
manager Andrew Maclean, of 
MLA unit trust managers. To^ 
underscore that point MLA is 
to produce in September a line 
of credit specifically aimed at 
would-be stags and longer- 
term investors in new issues. 

The credit will enable individ- 
uals to borrow money and 
make a . larger commitment to 
a new issue. 

There is a catch, though. To 
borrow you must be an inves- 
tor in one of the MLA funds, 
and the line of credit will 
extend as far as twice the value 
of your holding of units at 

Positive comment on 
TV-am management 

vetoed! “We want to protect 
the more naive investor." says 
Mr Maclean. He will have his 
opportunity in September, 
when we shall have full details 
and be taking a closer look at 
the scheme. 

But what about the latest 
opportunities for the stags? 
Opinion is divided on TV -am. 
"Docs anyone watch it?" asks 
the stockbroker Malcolm 
Roberts, of Montagu Loebl 

piece of Minder 

Stanley. "Most people in the 
City have left home before 
TV-am starts." 

Richard Petrson. neverthe- 
less. believes it • has good 
■ prospects: "TV-ara is a much 
purer television adx-ertismg 
vehicle than Thames, which 
relies heavily on overseas sales 
of its programmes. There is a 
limit to the amount of money., 
you can make from old Benny 
Hill programmes." 

There has also been some 
fairly positive comment about 
the management of TV-am. 
but it . is. too soon to judge. 
Price is crucial. 

Some brokers argue we 
should all 'be saving up for the 
flotation of British Gas this 
October. . Others say it will 
definitely not be a BT-style 

Martin Baker 


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The right choice 
of year can put 
off those tax bills 

The Unlisted Securities Market was opened in 19S0. 

It xv&si designed chiefly to meet the needs of a 
“oriic-ubr kind of company: relatively small, rela- 
tive:;.- young and growing. 

It seemed like a good idea at the time. But it 
was a brave one. No such market existed anywhere 
in the world. 

How has it fared in practice? 

Simply, with conspicuous success. 

Altogether, a total of 443 companies have 
together raised ES50 million on the USM to finance 
expansion. Of those companies, 55 have made the . 
transition to a full listing. 31 have been absorbed by 
mergers or acquisitions. Only a handful 

n U 



have ceased trading. And the vast majority have 
sought capital in order to expand. 

In short, to hundreds of young and growing 
companies, the USM has proved its worth as a market 
for capital. 

But that's only half the story 

Because at the same time, it has provided 
equally -important new opportunities to investors 
seeking relatively high-risk investments (because 
the potential gains are greater) within a properly 
ordered market. 

There is no doubt that many of those who have 
invested in companies listed on the USM would not 
have chosen to invest in small, young and largely 

.The aboue list of companies is comptete as at 5th Apnt, 1986 

unknown companies if those companies had not been 
subject to the scrutiny the regulation and the approval 
of The Stock Exchange. 

The companies, their workforces, their inves- 
tors and the country as a whole have all benefited 
from the USM. 

Ybt it is only one of many major innovations 
introduced by The Stock Exchange in the course of 
the last ten years. 

So perhaps it is no surprise that The Slock 
Exchange should respond to the needs of graying 
and developing businesses. 

After all, it’s something of a growing and . 

developing business itself. 


Loudon • Belfast - Birmingham • Bristol • Dublin • Glasgow • Leeds ■ Liverpool ■ Manchester • Newcastle 

July 1 is red letter day for the 
self-employed. That is wte» 
their second anneal instalment 
of tax is doe. 

SeftHOTptoymeot can b*»e 
great fiscal advantages tot the 
tax rules art . eflmplet; The 
general rule -is -that jw tax 
liatiilrfv for any one tax year « 
based on the profits ea rned by 
yoHr business in the acconaf- 
ing period ended m the Jw**!- . 
oas tax' year. 

For example, if you draw up 
' tout g i. viamis to December 31 
every Year, your 1985-86 flu 
liability will be based sot .on 
the amount yoa earn 
the tax year to April 5. 1986, 
or even on the profits of yoor 
business for the year to De- 
cember 31. 1985, but rather on 
the profits earned hi the year 
to December 31, 1984. 

This £5 because December 
31 . 1984 . is la the tax year 
1984 - 85 , which is the year 
preceding the year of assess- 
ment 1985 - 86 . 

The important thing to re- 
member is that if yea want lo 
defer paying tax for as long as 
possible it is best to draw op 
accounts to a date early in the 
tax year. 

Consider the case of David 
and Wendy, who are both in 
business on their own. David 
prepares bis accounts to 
March 31, whereas Wendy 
makes up her accounts to 
April 30. As a result David’s 
profits for the rear to March 
31. 1986, wflJ not be taxed 
until 1987-83. By choosing an 
accounting dale early in the 
new tax year rather than late 
in the idd one. Wendy has 
deferred her tax liability for 
one year. 

Tax for those who are self- 
employed is payable in two 
qual instalments on January 1 
in the year of assessment mid 
July 1 hi the following year of . 
assessment Thus in the exam- 
ple of David and Wendy, 
David's profits Ah' the year to 
March 31. 1986, would be 
assessed in 1986-87 and tax 
would be payable in two equal 
instalments on January L, 
1987, and July 1, 1987. Wen- 
dy, however, would not be 
assessed on her profits to 
April 30. 1986, until 1987-88. 
and would not be required to 
pay tax until January 
July I in 1988. 

Special rales apply for the 
opening years on a new busi- 
ness as it is not possible to use 
a preceding year as the basis if 
no preceding year exists. The 
opening year rales are espe- 
cially favourable where profits 
are on a rising trend as tire low 

profits of tiie early years are 
assessed several times over. 

In the first year of your 
business yon will be taxed on 
the profits from the date of 
starting tothe next April 5. In 
the second tax year you will be 
assessed on the profits, of the 
first complete 12 months of 

It is not until the third or 

sometimes the fourth tax year 
that you more an to the 
preriees year basis. These 
n,les mre arnmBy forearaUe 
to tbetaxpaver bat if not. 
perhaps' because profits fall 
daring the early- yean, it is 
possible *» elect to be taxed in 
the seemd and third years, bet 
not Only one of them, an the 
profits actually caned hi the 
- tax year, • . 

Again consider the example 
of David and Wendy. David 
began trading on January I, 
1985. and m the first three 
months in March 31, 1985. 
just aaaug cd to break even. 
Weedy starred trading one 
month later and she 100 just 
managed (e brook even in her 
first three months of trading to 
April 30. 1985. David ud 
Wendy made a profit of just 
£l200iii the foflowKUjt year hot 
made £12400 in the thud 
year. - 

David weald be assessed to 
tax as follows. In 1984-85 he 
would be taxed oa fan profits 
to April 5^ 1985, hot no 
lability woodd arise as his 
profils were b 3. In 1985-86 he 
would be assessed on the 
profits of the first 12 months 

Seek professional 
advice at the start 

to December 31. 1985. of £900 
(three months x nl and one 
munihs x £1,200). By 1986-87 
be vrenkf be mi tire previous 
year basis and wmrid be taxed 
on lire profits of the year to 
March 31. 1986. of £L200. 
And David wooH not be 
assessed to tax on the profits 
oT £12.660 earned m tire year 
to Mmcfa 31, 1987, mil the 
fax year 1987-88. 

The position is even more 
marked m the case of Wendy. 
She redd be assessed in tax 
in 198485 on the profits to 
April 5. 1985, so. like David, 
she would have oa tax to pay. 
la 1985-86 she would be taxed 
on tire profits of the first IZ 
mo n t h s of trading, which, as 
for David, would amount to 
£906. However, unlike in 
David's case, there is no 
preceding year by 1986-87 as 
her first complete accounting 
year of trading is the y ear, to 
April 30. 1986, which foils ht 
the tax year 1986-87 and not 
in the previous tax year 1985- 
86 . 

As a result Wendy will be 
assessed Qpun on the profits 

t 4he first 12 - months of 
drag of £900. Thereafter 
Wendy moves on to the pre- 
ceding year basis and pays tax 
ra 1987-88 on £1.200 and in 
1988-89 on £12.000. 

When yen first set up in 
business it is sensible to seek 
profosudiial advice so that yon 
are hot paying tax earlier than 
is absolutely necessary. And 
the correct choke of account- 
ing date is crndaL 

. . . Brian Friedman 





Current account — no interest pad. 
Deposit accounts — seven days, 
notice required -for withdrawals: 
Barclays 4375 per cent Uoyds 4.30 
per cent Midland 4.35 per cent 
NatWest 4.375 per cent. National 
Girobank 4.35 per cent Fixed term 
deposits £10.000 to £24.999 : 1 
month 6.875 per cent, 3 months 
6.625 per cent. 6 months 6-375 per 
cent (National Westminster); 1 
month 6.354 per cent. 3 months 
6 167 per cent. 6 months 6.075 per 
cent (Midland). Other banks may 


Fund *« CNAH Telephone 


monthly mq. 6317 IS 01 638 8070 
Sot Scotland 631 713 016288060 

Barclays Higher Rata 
Deposit Account 

&B3 679 
7.00 719 
7.10 734 

01826 1567 
01 6261567 

70S 750 
7:75 6.05 

01 236B391 



01 6264588 





01236 9382 
01 236 9362 

634 674- 0705827733 
673 6 94 0705 827733 
01 2360952 
01 2360952 
0273 732241 
0272 732241 
01 626.4861 


nO(X)- £9,599 
£10.000 8 offir 
Cate* Men cal ‘ 

Money Mkt Plus 
WCTfiBt 7 oay 
Henders o n Money 

Chetm Account 691 7.13 
sHCA 720 740 
HJCA 696 7.19 

Mrttand WCA - - 

E9.00&-E9999 ,6.75 6 92 

£10 JJOOandonr 7.00 7.t9 
Nai Wesi tkgh . * 

In! Soec Haserae 
C2A08-E9.996 698 7.05 

£100006 over 700 7.19 

nam Account 

under £10.000 673 6.89 

O«w£l0000 7"00 7J8 

SSPCal 7.00 72S 

£2900 to £9.1 

over £10000 

TuBa&Rktaa 74| 7.56 
T&R 7day 760 776 
Tvndaiea* . 7^0 740 
Tynoair day 7.13 732 
UDT7 dH* 7.10 739 
Western Trust 

1 month 70S 738 

LE.GHJghtm.Dep 7.75 7 69 
CNAfl - GompounaM Ner Annual Ras. 
Figures arc the tuaw a wauaiile at me orrw ot 
gomg to press. Reseeren o. Bern 

Itotionaf S»ws»Banfc 
Ordinary accounts _ d a minimum 
balance ot £100 mannatned for 
whew of 1938. 6 per cent interest 
' a. for each complete month where 

— i lance is over £500. otherwise 3 
per cent Investment Account — 
10.75 per cent interest paid without 

deduction ot tax. one months notice 


£50.000 (£ 100,000 as from 16/7/86) 

NaaomU Savings i ncome Bond 

O-OOO. maxi- 
mum £100.000. Interest 12.00 per 
cent vanable at six weeks notice 
( 11.2 6 per c ent eg from 11/7/86) 
paid momhty without deduction of 
g x. ngpa yiTCTt of 3 months notice. 
Penalties m first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 
Bond • 

Start rate monthly income far first 
year.8 percent .increased at end of 
year to match increase in- 


same, fncome tax^Ke. i 
Three months notice of \ 

Minimum investment ot £5,000 in 
moiliptes of £1.000. Maximum 

National Savings 3rd Index-Linked 
Certificates . 

Maximum investment — £5.000 
excluding holdings of other issues. 
Return tax-free and linked to 
changes in the retail price index. 
Supftement of 2.5 per cent in the 
first year. 2.75 per cent in the 
second. 325 per cent in the third. 4 
per cent in the fourth, and 5.25 per 
cent m the fifth. Value of Retirement 
issue Certificates purchased in 
. June 1981. £145.85 . including 
bonus and supplement May RPi 
386.0 . (The new RPI figure is not 
announced until the third week of 
the following month). 

National Savings Cert i fi cate 
31st issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gams tax. equiv- 
alent to an annual interest rate over 
the five-year term of 7.85 per cent 
maximum investment £5,000 
General extension rate tor hokJens 
of earlier issues which have 
reached maturity is 8.01 

National Savings Yearly Plan 
A one yes- regular savings plan 
.converting into 3-year savings cer- 
tificates. Minimum £20 a month, 
maximum £200 . Return over five 
years 8.19 per cent, tax tree. 
National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum investment £100 . maxi- 
mum £ 100 . 000 . Interest 12 per cent 
0125 per cent as from 11/7/86) 
vanable at six weeks notice credited 
annua By without deduction of tax. 
Repayment at three months notice. 
HafMnterest only paid on bonds 

Bunding- Societies 
Ordinary share accounts - 525 per 
cent Eirtra Interest accounts usual- 
ly pay 1-2 par cent over ordinary 
share rate. Rates quoted above are 
those most commonly offered. Indi- 
vidual building societies may quote 
dmerant rates. Interest on an ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not reciamsable by non-taxpayers. 
Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild's CHd 
Court International Reserves 0481 
*8741. Seven days notice Is re- 
quired for withdrawal and ru charge 
is made tor switching currencies. 
ri5“l tn S 935 Per cent 

USdoftsr &09 per cent 

I®". . a« per cent 

D Marit - a 72 per cent 

French Franc 6.31 per cent 

Swiss Franc 4.18 per cam 

• Last Saturday's article on 
changes in penalties for late 
paymenrof Vat suggested that 
r Per cent of businesses reg- 
istered made late returns. This 
figure refers to delays in registra- 
tion. .About 75 per cent of YaT 
payment returns are late, 
according to latest Customs and 
figures. Thirty pounds is 
a .minimum and not a maxi- 
mum surcharge for repeated late 
payment ami a minimum 
supplement added to money 
owed u> traders by Customs and 
excise when thrs is repaid late. 




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Law Report June 21 1986 

It’s time to check that cover 


With rates for home building 
insurance on the up, you 
should. check that you are not 
paying, over die odds by 
sucking to a block policy 
negotiated through your 
building society. As well as 
making a useful saving, you 
may be able to widen the 
cover. . . 

The absence of choice in 
insurance policies when the 
mortgage is through a building 
society was first highlighted in 
the 1 970s by the Director 
General of Fair Trading. He 
asked the Building Societies 
Association for recommenda- 
tions oh the choice of insurer. 

As a' result the association 
advised its members in May 
1975 to offer at least three 
insurance companies to new 
borrowers and a similar rec- 
ommendation followed for 
existing borrowers in Decem- 
ber 1978. . 

Twenty-seven societies ei- 
ther did not comply or. made 
disproportionate charges to 
borrowers who moved to an 
insurer outside their agency 
network. The Director Gener- 
al threatened to invoke his 
powers under the Competi- 
tion-Act 1980 and new ar- 
rangements were made as a 

Now most societies offer a 
selection of insurers under 
their block policy arrange- 
ments. The fifth largest, Wool- 
wich Equitable, is typical in 
having this arrangement with 
22 companies, such as Legal & 
General, Sun Alliance, Guard- 
ian Royal Exchange. General 
Accident and Royal, and four 
more on a direct agency-basis. 

For mosi major companies ~ 
the buildings insurance rate is 
£1.60 per £1,000 of cover but 
the level of exoess (the initial 
amount of any claim you have 
to pay) varies. It is usual to 
exclude the first £500 in - 
respect of subsidence, heave 
or landslip* If a borrower 
accepts liability for the first 
£50 of most other claims, the 
rate is reduced to £1,65 per 
£1,000. ‘ 

The date of the increase 
varies with the insurance com- 
pany. Legal & General in- 
creased rales on March 25, the 
Sun Alliance and London 
insurance Group's rate rises 
next Tuesday, and many oth- 
ers follow in late September. 
Some societies have not in- 
creased rates yet, such as the 
giant Halifax which quotes 
£1.60 on 29 companies. This, 

however, excludes the first 
£15 on any claim for storm 
and -flood, freezing of water 
tanks,- action by vandals and 
damage from falling trees and 

Increasingly societies are 
negotiating block policies 
which include accidental dam- 
age cover. The Abbey Nation- 
al is typical: £2 with no excess 
on its “budgei" scheme at 
£1.80 with a £50 excess. In 
both cases the £500 subsi- 
dence exoess still applies.. The 
Nationwide offers accidental 
damage at an additional 
charge of £4 per annum. The 
Woolwich Equitable is £2.10 
per £ 1 .000 insured. 

This partly explains the 
higher rates now being quoted 
to householders. The Brad- 
ford and Bingley ’offers seven 
companies and quoted £1.60 
in ApriL but this was without 
accidental damage. It rose last 
month to £1.80 on the same 
basis and has now moved to 
£2.10 including wider cover. 
And all excesses — apart from 
subsidence — have been 
removed. .... 

But cheaper rates are avail- 
able from the small insurance 
companies. Municipal Mutual 
charges £1.35 per £1.000 of 
cover with a special reduction 
of lOp per £1.000 for local 
government staff. It will rise to 
£1.50 from the end of Septem- 
ber but the I0p differential 
‘ will remain. 

Allstate quotes £1.52 per 
£1,000 insured with a £15 
excess, which costs £5 to 
delete. For those aged over 50 

Better rates for 
the non-smokers 

who are non-sniokers, the rate 
falls to£U7 with a£15excess. 
The company insures for a 
minimum £20,000 per proper- 
ty. If you are prepared to forgo - 
the first £50 of any claim, the 
rate reduces to £03. . 

Zurich Insurance, charges 
£1.40 with a £35 excess which 
costs £6 to remove. It does not 
offer accidental damage cover. 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion offers £1.45 per £1,000 
.cover through Genera! Acci- 
dent with £50 excess, which 
costs £6 to reduce to £15. You 
do hot have to be a member. 
The minimum sum insured is 
£ 10 . 000 . 

Sonic building societies 
make no charge for allowing, 
borrowers to switch insurance 
companies. They include Ab- 
bey National, Coventry, Gate- 
way, Guardian. Scottish; 

Teachers, Market Har- 
borough. Momington and 
Heart of England. 

But they do make several 
conditions. The policy must 
be in the joint names of the 
borrower and the society and 
can be for the building cover 
only (not the popular com- 
bined house ana contents 
policies). The policy must be 
approved by the society. For 
instance, it would object to the 
average clause that as can be 
found in some policies from 
Lloyd's. The society requires 
an indemnity from the insur- 
er. but this is normal The 
house owner is responsible for 
settling any claims, but will 
usually be obliged to notify the 
society of those of more than 
£ 1 . 000 . 

Jan KarpinskL of the BSA, 
feels the power and volume of 
business that societies pass 
through the insurance compa- 
nies works in favour of the 
borderline claimant, who 
might not have as much clout 
on his own. 

A crucial element is thatany 
new insurance must be for the 
foil reinstatement value and 
kept to tfais. This is not 
necessarily the market value 
as the land value is uot 
counted in the buildings cov- 
er. The policy applies to the 
structure, permanent fixtures 
and fittings that would not be 
transferred in a house move, 
and outbuildings. Not all in- 
clude garages, a greenhouse 
and garden sheds. 

Rebuilding costs may be 
higher than the market value 
if the property is in a terrace or 
semi-detached, and the owner 
should check if anyone else 
has-an interest under the Fire 
Protection (Metropolis) Acl 
I n your calculations remem- 
ber the costs of demolition, 
site clearance, compliance 
with local authority and other 
staiuloiy requirements, and 
professional fees from solici- 
tors, architects and engineers. 

For expen advice on the 
sum for which you should 
insure your home, consult a 
qualified surveyor. Local lists 
can be supplied by both the 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors or the Incorporated 
Society of Valuers and Auc- 
tioneers (at 12 Great George 
Street, London SW1P 3AD 
and 3 Cadogan Gate. London 
SW1X 0AS. respectively). 

The Building Cost Informa- 
tion Service of the RIGS has a 
helpful leaflet for average 
costs, taking into account such 
factors as the regional loca- 

Coal board is under a 
duty to consult new 
union of mineworkers 

The insurance man pays up, but do yon pay him too ranch? 

P'on. type, size and age with 
1 56 separate costings. It is 
available from the service at 
85-87 Clarence Street. Kings- 
ton upon Thames. Surrey 
KT1 1RB. 

The service also publishes a 
fuller guide at £12.50. This 

Under-insurance can 
affect a Haim 

should be read in conjunction 
with the House Rebuilding 
Cost Index, published by the 
weekly Building. The index is 
adjusted monthly. The index 
rose 4.4 per cent in the 12 
months to May 1986. Of ihis. 
the labour element increased 
4.8 per cent and the materials 
index by 3.5 percent. 

Under-insurance can seri- 
ously affect a daim. The latest 
annual house price index from 
the Halifax shows a growth 
from 9.7 per cent for the year 
to March 1986 to 10 per cent 
for the 12 months to April. 
This is the first time the price 
index has gone into double 
figures since it was first pub- 
lished in April .1984. Indeed, 
house inflation is now well 
over. three times the level of 
general inflation. 

With a one-in-10 chance of 
home owners making a daim 
under their buildings policy 
this year, no one can afford to 
be under-insured. The Associ- 
ation of British Insurers 
(Aldermary House. Queen 
Street. London. EC4N ITT), 
representing more than 420 
insurance companies, has a 
helpful exploratory leaflet. 

Building sodeties that make 
a charge for moving insurance 
away from them are split into 
two groups - those that make 
an annual charge and others 
requiring a one-off payment 

Single charges are made by 
the Chelsea. Nationwide; 
Northern Rock. Portman, 
Woolwich Equitable. Skipton. 
Stroud. Leeds Permanent and 
Leeds and Holbeck. 

Annual charges for switch- 
ing insurance are made by the 
Halifax (£12.50 one-off in- 
duding £5 contingency insur- 
ance premium or £22.50 if 
there is no such undertaking 
plus an annual charge of £3.50 
either way). Nottingham. 
Yorkshire. Leamington Spa. 
Saffron Walden. Bradford and 
Bingley and the Norwich and 
Peterborough, which are 

Conal Gregory 

No Pension? 


■yOU probably already realise dor you should do 
X something abonryourpcnsiOD. Most self-employed 
know this, but many put it off. One day you will want . 
to relire-you may even have to. The State pension is 
cunentiy only £38J0a week. So you will need your own 
pension, and thesoooer you start, the greater the benefits 
and the happier yodn be. ' ■ 

With the Sun Affiance Personal Pension Han, you can 
btrikl up a worthwhile pension for yourself. It is simple 
and affordable. The sootier yon start, themore it . . 
benefits you. 


It depends, of course, on how much you save and for 
how long. For example a 34-year-old man who starts •’ 
saving £50 a month and oonrinttesiD age 65 could bnild 
up a pension fund of £294^36. He could then have a 
pension, of £44,810 p^. or take £92323 as a tax-free 
lump sum with a reduced pension of £27,503 p^-T 


The sooner the betxec The foDowinginusoations show 
how a 36-year-oLd could start to berild up a hefty pension 
fund for his retirement. Bur it could sdB beXM^ISless 
than if he’d started at 34. 

Example for a man retiring at 65 and paying a premium of 
£50 gross perroomb (only £35 JO after ux relief at 29%). f 





To provide* fell pension: £44J}10pjLor hasp woof £92,323 
plus a reduced pension of tZlffB pjl 



Projected Ptflnoir •• 
fund ■ 


record in successful investment for pensions. The fund 
is free of most UK raxes- which means your investment 
grows very quickly. 


Yes! One important reason why personal pennons are 
such an outstanding investment for the self -employed 
is that you get maximum tax relief on your contribu- 
tions -afihe highest tiate on your earnings. 

If yon are a 29% taxpayer; this means that every £100 
invested only costs yon £71 net. If you pay tax at 60%, 
the cost to you comes down to only £40 net. 

Hie, beauty of the Sun Alliance plan is that you can vary 
yom contributions- If money gets right, you can pay less. 
Under some circumstances, we can arrange for you to 
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right up to a maximum of 17^% of your earnings* 


Like any sizeable income, your pension will be subject 
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lamp sum on reTiremenTj currently rh»s is paid entirely 
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in this wqy) If you die before retirement, ail your 
contributions are refunded free of income tax and capital 
gains cnr. 


No, at 50 you can still build a sizeable fund. Ar any age 
younger than 65 (and still working) it is well worth- 
wh2ejou^ihesdteme. . 

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and 70, sandeven draft flexible when you come to retire. 

Remember the younger you start, the greater the reward. 


With the Sun Alliance Personal Pension Plan you could 
be enjoying the fruits of your work long after it is over. 
Without your p en s io n, plan, the income tax you pay now 
while you’re working is lost and gone forever and you 
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Vfcshafl be glad to send you a FREE Personal Iflieiraaon, 
showing how much pension you could receive for the 
contribution you can make. Simply fifl in and post the 
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you can ensure a much happier future whim you retire. 
Although these terms may be available laieq they cannot 
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U there is anything lunher yon *rai) do know about the plan our 
[jin in nii II rnrli hi i ItI ij~ i miinf nniil f| n'rlnrlr Experienced 
naff will be happy to help- Juh C*1J as on 

HORSHAM (0403)59009 

National Coal Board v Nation- 
al Union of Mineworkers and 

Before Mr Justice Scott 
(Judgment given June 20] 

A declaration was granted in 
the Chancery Division that 
neither the national conciliation 
agreement entered into between 
the National Coal Board (NCB) 
and the National Unuon of 
Mineworkers (NUM) in 1946 
nor the scheme annexed thereto 
bad been or was legally 

A further declaration was 
granted that the NCB was under 
a continuing statutory duty 
under section 46 of the Coal 
Industry Nationalisation An 
1946 which required it to con- 
sult both with the Union of 
Democratic Mineworkers 
(UDM) and with the NUM to 
uy to conclude a conciliation 
agreement for the mining in- 

Mr Justice Scott further de- 
clared that the National Ref- 
erence Tribunal (NRT). 
established as pan of the concili- 
ation machinery in 1946. was 
dissolved on May 3L 1986. by 
the NCB's decision to treat the 
■1946 agreement as terminated as 
from that date, not only for the 
purposes of the 1946 scheme 
itself, but also for the purposes 
of the mineworkers' pension 

The NCB bad made out a 
sufficient case for the gram of 
injunctive relief to restrain the 
NUM from pursuing its ref- 
erences before the tribunal. 

A counterclaim by Mr James 
Hood and Mr Domenico 
Ricbici. individual 

mineworkers. was dismissed- 

His Lordship so held on an 
application by the NCB against 
the NUM. to which the UDM 
and three individual 
mineworkers. including Mr 
Rayr.ond Jones, were added as 

Mr Conrad Dehn, QC Mr 
Charles Falconer and Mr Nicho- 
las Underhill for the NCB; Mr 
Gavin Ughtman. QG Mr Mi- 
chael Bnggs and Miss Caroline 
McKeon for the NUM: Mr Igor 
Judge. QC and MrCollingwood 
Thompson for the UDM; Mr 
Peter Keenan for Mr Jones; Mr 
Gavin Lightman. QC. Mr Mi- 
chael Briggs and Mr Jeremy 
McMullen, for Mr Hood and Mr 

that when the coal mines were 
taken into national ownership a 
statutory obligation was placed 
on the NCB (now known as 
British Coal) to consult with 
“organizations appearing to 
them to represent substantia] 
proportions of the persons em- 
ployed by rite board", to enable 
agreement to be reached on 
consultative and conciliation 
procedures, where under, inter 
alia, disputes regarding the 
terms and conditions of employ- 
ment could be resolved. The 
establishment of the NRT was 
I in pursuance of that duty. 

Since 1946 there had been 
some 23 awards made by the 
NRT. In 1961 its role was 
extended 'by certain provisions 
in the mineworkers pension 
scheme, to • which all 
mineworkers were required to 

In addition payments into the 
fond were to be made by the 
NCB, including payments to 
made good any deficiency. The 
scheme recognized the NUM as 
the only representative of the 
mineworkers. The NUM was a 
trade union in its own right and 
a federation of constituent 

Until the bitter divisions 
which arose during the miners' 
strike from March 1984 to 
March 1985. the non-NUM 
mineworkers and their various 
unions had, with one exception 
in 1947. been content to shelter 
under the NUM umbrella. 

Between March and October 
1985 the Nottinghamshire and 
South Derbyshire area unions 
broke away from the NUM and 
with a new union, the Colliery 
Trades and Allied Workers 
Association, consisting of for- 
mer NUM members who had 
been expelled from the Durham 
area union for refusing to 
participate in the strike, the 
three unions combined to form 
the UDM on December 6, 1985 
which now represented over 
30.000 mineworkers. 

The UDM. following a simi- 
lar request made by its. prede- 
cessors. the Nottinghamshire 
and South Derbyshire areas, 
claimed the right to negotiate 
with the NCB for its members, 
and repudiated the claim of the 
NUM to represent their mem- 
bers for any purpose; 

The NCB, acceding to that 

request, had negotiated a wage 
increase, and implemented it in 
these areas. It took the view that 
the 1946 agreement, under 
which the NUM was entitled to 
exclusive recognition, had been 
fatally undermined by the 
breakaway, and the presence of 
tile UDM. 

The NUM contended that the 
1946 agreement and scheme 
were legally enforceable and 
binding on the NCB. The UDM 
supported the NCB in contend- 
ing that they must be treated as 
at an end. 

There was a question to what 
extent, if any. the 1946 agree- 
ment and scheme were 
incocporated into individual 
contracts with mineworkers. All 
those difficulties led to the 
present action, in which the 
NCB were seeking, inter alia, 

(i) that the 1946 agreement and 
scheme were not legally enforce- 
able. or alternatively that the 
NUM were estopped from 
contending otherwise. 

(ii) That they were terminated by 
frustration not later than 
December 6. 1985. or by notice, 
expiring on May 31. 1986; 

(iii) that the NRT was no longer 
in being and 

(iv) that the NRT had no 
jurisdiction to deal with any oi 
the matters which had been 
referred to it by the NUM. 

The NCB also sought an 
injunction to restrain the NUM 
from proceeding further with 
those proceedings. 

The 1946 agreement was a 
collective agreement, as under- 
stood before 1971, when it was a 
vexed question whether such 
agreements were legally enforce- 
able or noL 

Section 34 of the Industrial 
Relations Act 1971 had sought 
to provide that such agreements 
should conclusively be pre- 
sumed to be intended by the 
parties to be a legally enforce- 
able contract unless the agree- 
ment expressly staled otherwise. 

That provision became a 
highly controversial political is- 
sue. and the Labour Party 
replaced it by section 18 of the 
Trade Union and Labour Rela- 
tions Act 1974 which was till in 

That provided that such 
agreements should be condu- 
si vely presumed not to be legally 
enforceable unless expressly so 
provided- If Lhe collective agree- 
ment was to be legally enforce- 
able it had to contain a 
provision stating that the parties 
so intended. If it did not there 
was an end of any question 
about its legal enforceability. 

Mr Dehn's submission for the 
NCB was simple, namely that 
the 1946 agreement did not 
contain any statement to the 
effect that the parties intended it 
to be so enforceable, so that the 
conclusive presumption arose 
that it was not 
Mr Lightman accepted that 
the question of enforceability 
was governed by section 1 8 but 
contended that the operative 
part of the 1946 agreement 
stated that the parties adopted 
the scheme and agreed to “be 
bound thereby accordingly”. 

There were no express words 
making the 1946 agreement 

If the 1946 agreement was not 
legally enforceable, questions as 
to frustration or termination 
might be thought to disappear 
but Mr Dehn contended that 
they remained relevant and 
necessary because it would be 
open to the N UM to hold up the 
NCB to political odium for 
declaring to honour and abide 
by an agrement which had 
served the industry for the last 
40 years. 

The NCB believed it had a 

good and honourable reasons 
for declining any longer to abide 
by the 1946 agreement 

The emergence of the UDM 
was relied on. 

Alternatively, the NCB con- 
tended, that if the 1946 agree- 
ment had been legally 
enforceable, it would have been 
subject to termination on 
reasonable notice. 

In short Lhe NCB regarded 
itself as having behaved in 
relation to the 1946 agreement 
in the same manner as it would 
have been entitled in law to 
have behaved if the 1946 agree- 
ment had been legally enforce- 

If the 1 946 agreement was not 
legally enforceable, either party 
had always been free at any lime 
to decline any longer to abide by 
its terms. To argue that the law 
would impart into such an 
agreement a terra for termina- 
tion on reasonable notice 
seemed to be plain nonsense. 

In his Lordship's judment an 
inevitable consequence of the 
lack oflegal enforceability of the 

1946 agreement was that the 
application by the NCB for 
declarations that the agreement 
had been terminated by frustra- 
tion or by expiry of reasonable 
notice became misconceived. 

His Lordship declined to 
entertain that application or to 
adjudicate on what were, on 
analysis, hypothetical questions. 

There remained, however, 
certain questions to which the 
NCB could, properly seek an 

It was in compliance with 
statutory duty that the NCB 
entered into the consultations 
with the NUM that led to the 
1 946 agreement. 

That statutory duty was a 
continuing one. While the 
NUM remained the union 
representing the vast majority of 
mineworkers. the statutory duty 
obviously did not require the 
NCB to enter into consultation 
with another organization. 

But in 1985 the UDM 
emerged. A large number of 
mineworkers repudiated their 
membership of the NUM and 
formed the UDM 
The nature of collective agree- 
ments required the conclusion 
that the duty imposed on the 
NCB was a continuing duty 
which would revive whenever a 
need should arise for futher 
consultations in order to estab- 
lish new conciliation machin- 

^The NCB had made it clear to 
the NUM that it regarded the 
1946 agreement and scheme as 
at an end. It duty under section 
46 of the 1946 Act to consult 
with the UDM made that 
attitude inevitable. 

It followed that the NCB's 
statutory duty under section 46 
included the duty to consult also 
with the NUM with a view to 
establishing conciliation proce- 
dures lor the industry. 

It was proposed therefore to 
make a declaration that in the 
events which had happened, 
namely the emergence of the 
UDM, representing a substan- 
tial proportion of mineworkers, 
and the decison of the NCB to 
be no longer bound by the 1946 
agreement, the NCB had a duty 
pursuant to section 46 to consult 
with both the UDM and the 
NUM for the purpose referred 
to in the action. 

An arbitral tribunal estab- 
lished by an agreement which 
was not legally enforceable be- 
tween the parties had a status 
commensurate with the status of 
that agreement So long as the 
parties continued to recognize it 
and to treat themselves as 
bound by it. the tribunal had an 
arbitral function which it could 
properly and usefully discharge, 
notwithstanding that its de- 
cisions might not be legally 

But once one of the parlies 
exercised its right inherent in 
the agreement's lack of legal 
enforceability, to repudiate the 
agreement the tribunal's status 

The NRFs jurisdiction had 
always been dependent on the 
willingness of each of the parties 
to continue to accept the 1946 
agreement as binding. As soon 
as the NCB made it clear that it 
was no longer willing to accept 
the 1946 agreement as binding, 
the function of the NRT under 
the 1946 agreement came to an 

The mineworkers pension 
scheme was not part of a 
collective agreement. It was 
without question legally 

The NCB's decision to treat 
the 1946 agreement as ter- 
minated on May 31. 1986 
dissolved the NRT, not only for 
the purpose of the 1946 scheme, 
but also for the purposes of 
clause 38 of the pension scheme. 

His Lordship was prepared to 
make a declaration to that effect. 

Notwithstanding that the 
1946 scheme was not legally 
enforceable, the appoointment 
of the members of the NRT and 
the secretary of the NRT to their 
respective offices was likely to - 
have been made on a basis that 
would have entitled them under 
an implied if not express con- 
tract. to look to the NCB and the 
NUM for payment of their 
remuneration and expenses. 

Nothing in any declaration 
his Lordship made regarding the 
dissolution of the NRT should 
be taken to prejudice any claim 
by a member or secretary of the 
NRT to remuneration or ex- 

There were several reasons 
which justified the NCB in 
seeking to restrain the further 
prosecution by the NUM of the 
references before the NRT. 

Solicitors: Mr Cyril Peach. 
Doncaster. Raley & Pratt. 
Barnsley: Hopkin & Sons. 

Times Portfolio Gold 

rules are 

Please send me a free Ulustratioa of the pension benefits 
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I Forenames Gb U 


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The final pension may seem high, bur remember, if 
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tr> rah- mflarirw mto arro imf 


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i.rjMiCN zt ; «■ ■ 

.•ci ?o*r*:T?t 01- 

is:rc»«^01 ♦ TBOiOO »i«v tA’.l7<ntM'A 

Open J day *^(iwe «htew m«^lundwime<mnit. Coffee gMftBtAtBawowdWwradw Cola 

Ja£t groups every FnfiotfSun ev eni ngs. Enjoy rtmtnpj irf CTm vig-oQ< Ss B«« ra-d Porttgn^ nom our nvcrsice vcCeL 


— ■- j --ITTTTT^J j. uT7.Ti 


ZlJuna Ao awning ol Ova BaMnampB ham M tS2fffeaB0 mot 
7.43 pa EL £4 tortv) mduOmfl WEE programme RPOLK 


((({ # for perfect gifts Tu.i-Sun nom. ? P m 


Tbmghtai7.30 pm 

The original 


See RFH pand for full derate. 

Tomorrow at 3.15 pm 


Plano redtal by 


See RFH panel far foil derate. 

Thursday next 26 Jane at 7.30 pm 



Sponsored byShandwkkpie 

Sec RFH pod forfal derate. 

MONDAY 30 JUNE «7-3« pan. 

Ingpgn and wnHmi»(Ioei niMi— « 0 Ltd |»uuiu 


Mozart: Quintet in E flat, K452 for piano and wind 
Schubert: Moments Musacauz, D.780 
Beethoven: Quintet in E flat. Op. 16 for piano and 

Please note change of programme 

£4-50. £5^0, £6-50. £7.50, j£B30, £10 Hd] 01-928 3191 QC 01-928 8800 

- WIGMGRS S’SSST w-H -,:c 
BOX OFfiCE C*53SSi*l Wifi l:ST CS 


Lncn Croon* rSancroro) Drank: Rondo Op 94: Lab B Eytar Mb 
Suet |l et tan pert); BotratodrhteOdOTPcn «ndV— Ga rm ralot 

E4 50. C3.S0. E2.50, C2 G n pandna Mpt. 

itareCkwM me M«s OlaMMWoer: l 
2 n A Og 08: Draoic OuvtMln EOp 51 . 
C4.60. £3 50. £2.50. £2 

Radial. Baritewatc Sonata * C Op S3 y*U*mr, Rarafc GMperd 
(to k Ndt; Urafc Santa m B ranor 
£*■50, £3 30. £2 50. £2 





Principal Conductor Giuseppe SinopoH 
Principal Guest ConcL: Esa-Pekka Salo ne n 

Tuesday 1 July at 730 


Strauss: Don Juan 
Beethoven: Piano Coocerto No. 4 
Dvorak: Symphony No. 7 


Trim: £3j£X75. £4.75, ft £715, £850. £950. £11 
Arabbfcfrotn Hafi (01-928 3I91J OC(Gi-928 8800) 

WEDNESDAY 2 JULY at 7-3® pm 

Conducton JANE GLOVER 



ftSO. £450. ft £7, ft £9 HfO <01-928 3101} OC (01-938 8800} 



*. . . woaderfaBy concentrated peformaKe* 

. . the grealest posable poetry . . . stiffing intensity' 
Parool (Holland) 1985 


For dcnteice Wfenore HOI panel 
Managem e nt: Jarre Gray 

Strom. :....META MORPH OSEN 



ftS0,£7 W,£JOSO»£IZSO,£15 
ia aaracMoa wtdi BorMca Geoere and Horrboa/PmrottUd. 




app a 

i/ffHMMW ^7* I , ' ] 

RAYMOND GUBBAY presorts FRIDAY 4 JULY at 7J0 pjn. 


A special cosctn to o riel* Me America*, Birthday 

Introduced by GAYLE HUNNICUTT 



ftkJ.A4.5u.ft4U. ft ftW. ft.SJ.ftO W HallOl.fflS 1191 CC0I -92»«W 


SATURDAY 5 JULY at 7 JO pjn. 


Bma hrt watam Tell Overture. Grieg Peer Gym Stale No. I; 
Tdodiovdiy Pmo Concerto No. 1. Cipnujo lrnhrn;Lebar 
■ W/^BhCoU ml Stiver Walts Mtwcaani Uaembss Irons 
W mV ^KWCaraDcrg KnainnK Elgar Pomp and Ctacunnance Mrodi 
So. hRavdBofera. 


ft50.£-t-W,ft.r0.£7.£8.r0.ft W.ftO.V>HtU01-028 JI9| CC01-928S900 , 


ft. ft £7. ft«;£9.S0. £1040 

SATURDAY NEXT 28 JUNE at 8 pan. 


■ Z< ■! Haadd WATER M151C SL'ITE 



ft. ft. £7. ft to. ft so. £10 to. 



Prog me- Ameal d" the Queen ot Sheba. ZaJok the Prww; 
Rbnr cr Yon WHk (ram Scradc: Sound an Mann and See 

■ Wt the Contu'nag Hero Comn horo Jud*. Maccabeus; The 

■ M Hamcnom B i nJcuna b: HaUebmh Cbonn and Er’rr 
UHf V«8cj irara Jkuik The Water Muuc Suae. Muk for 

At Rceal F t wnifa 

ft. ft ft. ft«. £9.50. £1050 

THURSDAY 3 JULY « 7.*S jua. 


Prog. isc. La 8ik«mt Qae Gdkia Mam .S t» 
C3wcBmoMBBuO«0BwCHcadta;Aa4 DaaJVtadam 
| p. 7 a ■■ Btmerfly Co bd ih HumiTBin GbanK Lkc Duo, 
I ,!■! Tnsca Vsi D'Anc Reomfiu Armona. E Luoewa k 
I hVB# Sate Tc Dem Gfawil S rM cc i O am Bsbtaco; 
TurandK Ncmbb Dona. 


HENRY NEWMAN baritone 
ft ft- ft£95O,£M3S0.£l 1.S0 

FRtDAT 4 JULY « 7A5 p» 





R BI Bracta :. . VtOUN CONCERTO 

ft ft. £8. £950. £1050. £1 1.98 

SUNDAY U JULY at 7.30 jun. 





^^■^To Celebrate Sir Yefamfi Meoohd't 70th Birthday 



rasy Vivaldi THE FOUR SEASONS 

£-Lft ftSO, £750, £BJ0, £950; Under 16 tad OAPc HUT price 

SUNDAY Z7JULY at 7. 30 pan. 


Prog. me. RmtnKTbe Barber ofSevffle OvoroRanl 
Laraaal Ctootuta; Verdi: La Traviata Prdude to Aa IV 
ood Di Prorena, Nabucco Q»nn of the Hebrew Stee* 
■ k\Wf Aida Charm md Grand Matrix Moaart: Don Gtavanoi 
Overture, Serenade aad Qatnp a eac Ana, Mafek FUne 
Papmmo'i Arit.D ScragUo HariuiortmGaanad: Faun 
Aram dequaxt md Sokfaen' Chons Maacagsd: CavaBu-ia Rmttcana 
l uie n um o i and ana, from Den Carina, Die Hedermam and Coai Fan 


THOMAS ALLEN baritone 




WEDNESDAY ID JULY at 7.45 |ua. 



Smart Bottowi h joined by hi* apodal pros* 

Arm Mackay and Mark Burrows 
idHhk iaa concert rf popular tavoarines • 

M me W iuvi m ; La D wieme Love Dim Gon wk Fame 

■ T4 BX JnwH bong; Verde La Traviaa Brindnii Leoacavallro 
1 k\WI Paghacd Prolognes Bine Carmen Flower Song; 
'Mfip numAatmf r.ilnn Amor d rieo; Ldor The Merry 
" Widow I7ta.ftg»dni Go-bwiTr trade » tore ami km; 

Fmach Pam Angthcm; Hawdei Amrelm dir Quren of Sheba: Johann 
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ft ft£W. £1250,115 

Bra Officr (OMM 87*5) Crafc Cmb (01-438 8WI> 

'24 hoar creda card tenwe 
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World Premiere I 

Webers Theme and 1 

I and Orchestra \ 

Trumpet Mohn»i 

Presented by 

« . i Summer Sescn 

JLinady Sunday at 8 pm 



Trumpet Spectacular' 
Pre-concert performance in the grounds 
by the ‘Wallace Collection starting at 
7.1S p-m. 

Conductor: William Soughton 

Trumpet: John Wallace 

Beethoven: Overture Egmont 

Torelli: Concerto for 4 Trumpets 

and Orchestra 

Barber: Adagio for Strings 

Hummel: Trumpet Concerto 


World Premiere: Weber 
Weber: Theme and Variations for 

Trumpet and Orchestra 
Anon: Charamela Real 

janacek; Sinfonietta 

Spectecuter Firerota 
Come Early - Refreshtneut Tent and Bar. 

Bar-B-Q open hum 7pm 

Tickets: Deck Chairs: £3-50 
Grass :£2.50 

Concessionary - No advance booking 
Deck Chairs: £2.00 
Grass : £1-00 

r> Crystal 

Concert bowl ^ 

riUWVOt 1WMW 4l BM 

!»*: IT O! .«■* tu « 

DM «n» Rrt* omn» *fl» 71 

*«*Ttra Ttwtar 



Lyric Studio ini Atft-pSine Had proudly present 

“Let us go then, you and I" 

The Life & Poetry of T S LLI0T 


BOX OFFICE 01-741 2311 

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Aoors, women’s chorus, solo voices 


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Friday 27 June 7.45pm Barbican Hafl 

CAMDEN CHOIR ofmapedaBr vmmis rinarif 

Wytfpiwwir of i ycMr qunBifjrioBrrf 
work by hta BaedtOB 

MOZART: Coronation Mass. HAYDN: Symphony No 92 in G. 

HAMILTON: The Bright Braves* Sowaifing 
GILLIAN FISHER soprano. SHIRLEY MINTY mezzo soprano 
MARK CURTIS rcoori MICHAEL GEORGE bon Spaomrdb? Leon Can Hri] 01*3* ROT I. K3B70S 

V h 



Mozart. RareLJaBacek, Britten, ac. 

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SpoMor: SL Martia’s Grnp 


JO HN LHX plays 

BEETHOVENS Piano Cooceno No. 1 . 

woriu by Broiriej & Mozart 



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OnterofSt-Jaha Marital Sacfcayrreirmi at the 


# WL DNESDAY 9 JUL Y at 8 pm 


Emma Johnson 

(BBC Young Musician of the Year 2984) 


and the Choir of the Rejal NaraJcaOcgc Greauwkh 

MOZART C2arn»fCooc*rro,STmpSjoy No J8‘ The Prague 1 ' 

HANDEL . 2» do > The Pnes, The Kug Shall Rejoice i 

Ticta. tn, CH.CIO. tom Ban Jhwi/m HatsatHaBPmitiiml npprr frame 

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LonQiin EClM 4DA. 0J-25I te90l» hr urmnaslAoeBMCerred. 


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can be a rrrmr d by i r l rphnn c 
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mmfERa, ETC. 

★ Good- Music of a High Standard ★ 

★ Excellent Presentation ★ Size of Emasbk 
W suit Requirements, me. String Qnanct ★ 

★ Reasonable Rates of Hire *■ 

* Demonstration Recording Available * 
T«L Docking (0306) 887403 


Director: Catf Dohnetsch C8E 
.8 Events from July 1B-2B, including 

4 *- ' . : 'I 

*MTOWY WKUUi pay «ndtafc» «boui h» 
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of Booh ant MaeziMr Cotter 

oner Cl. 20. Ornate- in your 
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66157 7 

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normal pore. QMBtery earners 

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THE TIMES 179S-UK. Other 
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for prrwnUtmn also 

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When 01-068 6323.. 

AIL TKKCn WtmBMon. Let 
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and Rod Stewart oougrti and 
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BflrTMDAY DUE ? Chtunner 
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MM the w» day they were 
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StamgM.tvimuedon Tennis, 
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wm h 

an vices 

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m , T , i *ki mm # f j£3 



Figurine*. animals, etc., want- 
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RMluTMl price mats Student & 


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- im Voluntary UquMtatmni 
-. and The Corapmirs Act X9B5 

-mat the CREDITORS of thrabove 
named company are reqi dr eo on 
-pr Mere Friday. IB Jay 198610 
send llmr names and Md w a* 
and parnculan of Iheir denis or 
(kin to the undersigned David 
Julian BucNer of Arthur Ander- 
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2NT. Ihe UauMMor of the said 
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pcwie Uielr saM dews or dfetma M 
such time or place as shall be 
specified In such notice or in de- 
lauu thereof they will be 
err hided from the benefit of any 
(ZHln button made before such 
debts are proved. 

Dated tM* 6th day of June 

David Julian Burn Mr 




Wade runs village 
as well as 800 m 

Kirvy Wade, ndip as Kirsty 
McDcrmou became the 
Cummonwcalih 800 metres 
champion in Brisbane four years 
ago. will captain the Welsh 
,womcn*s Commonwealth 
(lames team in Edinburgh next 
month. With Lord Swansea, the 
men's captain, she will have to 
supervise ihe Welsh team vil- 
lage because no provision has 
been made for officials. 

After announcing the team. 
Mcrddyn John, the general icam 
manager, said: ~Wc arc con- 
cerned that the officials will be 
in another village away from the 
competitors.' II will cause prob- 
lems in organizing supervision." 
This, he added, was his only 
concern. The 103-strong party 
were a more effective combina- 
tion even than those who went 
to Brisbane. '‘There arc quite a 

few medal chances amongst 
them." John said. 

Mrs Wade and Colin Jackson, 
ihe European junior sprint hur- 
dles silvcr-mcdal winner, are 
rated highly to help exceed the 
1 982 record haul of nine medals. 
Other strong candidates for 
medals are Steve Jones, the 
former holder of the world best 
for the marathon. David Mor- 
gan. the Cambridge-based 
Commonwealth weight!! fling 
champion. Gareth Williams, the 
200-metres backstroke record 
holder from Aldershot, and 
Lord Swansea, who is an expert 

A significant omission is 
Michdlc Scuil the Common- 
wealth Games silvcr-mcdal win- 
ner at Brisbane over 400 metres. 
She withdrew from consid- 
eration with Achilles tendon 

Welsh selection for Edinburgh 


Tough act Wallabies 
to follow fearful 
for Britons of French 

By Bryas Stiles 

Andy BoDefl and Rick Frost 
are challenging to take ever the 
mantle reluctantly discarded by 
Bob Spalding, die Formula One 
world champion from Ipswich, 
who had to retire in the dose 
season alter an operation. 

The two Britoas are in Chatta- 
nooga today tuning op their 
catamarans for the first Grand 
Prix of the season tomorrow. 

The world scries has been 
drastically curtailed this year 
because of the lack of sponsor- 
ship this side of the Atlantic. All 
the European grands p*ix had to 
to dropped — leaving only an 
enlarged North American 

The cutback, the absence of 
sponsors and the retirement of 
Spalding, their leading driver, 
forced PerdvaPHodges, of Nor- 
folk. to withdraw from the 
series. The absence of Britain's 
most succes s ful team seriously 
undermines this country's po- 
tential for champsiooship 

The Ipswich firm, however, 
will be represented in die series 
by one of their bents which will 
be used by Bnllen, who is being 
accompanied on the North 
American circuit by Roy 
McHardy, the firm's chief boat- 

The favourite since the retire- 
ment of Spalding on the 14,000- 
mDe tour of the United States 
and Canada with its sax-race 
schedule, is Ben Robertson, the 
charismatic American who was 
runner-up last season. 

Sydney (Reuter) — Australia 
will start as the underdegs 
against France in an inter- 
national todayi their first home 
match against solid opponents 
since ihe grand slam victory in 
Britain almost two years ago. 

The Wallabies' cause has been 
damaged by France's 48-9 
demolition of Queensland last 
Sunday. Even the captain. An- 
drew Stack, has found it hard to 
suppress his admiration for the 
rampaging French. The 
thoughts of the coach. Alan 
Jones, strayed in the same 
direction. He conceded that (he 
French backs had ihe edge and 
admitted he was worried about 
the Australian scrum. 

-His. concern was under- 
standable. Some aspects of 
Australia's preparation this 
week seemed unworthy of their 
task against the joint five na- 
tions champions. International 
rules prevented them from 
assembling until Wednesday, 
and when they did the training 
facilities were farcical. 

Jones has focused on France's 
only perceived weakness — in 
the lincouts. "The lincouls are 
important to us." he said. "We 
have height and skill in. the 
second and back rows, and if 
they have a weakness it is 

AUSTRALIA: 0 Campese: B Moon. M 
Cook. A Slack teapO. MBwkttMLynagh. 
N Farr- Jonas; E Rodnpuez. T Lawton, A 
McIntyre. DCodey. W Campbell. S Cutter. 
S POatevin. S Tuyiunan. 

FRANCE: S Blanco: P Lagtsquet P Seta. 
0 Ctiarvm. E BgnoevgJ; J P Lescarboata. 
P Barjotac P Morocco. 0 Dubraca fcapt). 
C Ponotan. E Champ. F HagoL P Serrnra. 
L Rodriguez. J L JoneL 


Championship nullified 

The Yugoslav Football 
Association has nullified the 
result of the first division 
championship and pmusbed 
two-thirds of the division's 
teams after the country's biggest 
match-rigging scandal. 

The decision to panisfa 12 of 
the division's 18 toms, declare 
void all the results of last 
weekend and replay the final 
round of the championship on 
Jane 29 was taken at a meeting 
of the association yesterday. 
The dubs involved in the allega- 
tions trill be penalized six points 
at the start of next season. 

It is the first time the outcome 
of an entire Yugoslav champion-, 
ship has been overturned, al- 
though some cfabs had 
previously been thrown out of 
the league for similar offences. - * 

Slavko Sajber. the president 
of the association, had called for 

an investigation after last 
weekend's final round matches, 
in which seven oat of nine games 
were alleged to have been fixed. 

' Forty-four goals were scored In 
the matches — twice the normal 
number of goals for a single 
round. The championship was 
wen by Bartizan- Belgrade; who 
beat Zelenka Sarajevo 4-0. Red 
Star Belgrade came second on 

S il aggregate after beating 
rajevo with the same score, 
but the feeling among journalists 
and spectators was that the 
players had dearly net been 
playing to win. 

The 12 teams to be punished 
are OFK Belgrade. Bud ocuost 
Titograd, Red Star Belgrade. 
Cetik ZhJo, Dinamo Zagreb, 
Partizan Belgrade. Rijeka. Sara- 
jevo, Stnjeska Niksic. Velez 
Mostar. Vojvodina Novi Sad 
_and Zeleznica Sarajevo. 



trustee acts 

NOTICE blmw gim pmiant 
■6<77ef iheTRLfiTZEArt. I92S 
1631 any ppthmi hat ing « CLAIM 
WtorUor an I N T ERE ST in Ihe 
ESTATE Ol any of the deceased ' 
pmoTv whose names, addresses 
nneretw required to Send turtle 
uurs m uniting « nfc culm or 

mt*m< to Ihe person Or persons 
mentioned in relabon to Ihe de- 
feased perm concerned before 
tne date specified: after winch 
03 IP the mate or the iUrr— id 
wilt be ittstnbiiied by ttv uereond 
represmutnes among the per 
«*m entitled thereto nasing 
regard only u> Ihe clams and in- 
terms or uMrn irxyy have dm 

!*: ■ I | 71*I 


W di fcU jL .,i V » ji SS 

I VvMifl Vn . ' . Tl U .1, ^ 1 ' 


[fc.. - . 




-v*f • ' ■ 

Asmussen at 
his best as 
Last Tycoon 
hangs on 

By Michael Seely 

Visitors to the final after- 
noon of another magnificent 
Roval Ascot yesterday were 
treated to the magnificent 
spectacle of the champion 
jockey of France and the 
champion elect of England 
fighting out a thrilling finish to 
the group one King’s Stand 
Stakes. The camera print 
showed that Cash Asmussen 
on Last Tycoon bad just 
resisted the late attack of Pat 
Eddery on Double Schwartz 
by a short head. Gwydion 
took third place 2V» lengths 
further away. 

Asmussen sent his mount 
into the lead over a furiong 
from home. Eddery persuaded 
Double Schwartz to produce a 
tremendous burst of speed to 
draw level about 1 00 yards out 
but in the battle to the line, the 
French-trained three-year-old 
proved just the stronger. Last 
Tycoon failed by only one 
hundredth of a second to beat 
Amber Rama's record time in 
1 970. "This is a brilliant colt,” 
Asmussen said afterwards. 
“He had to do it the hard way 
as he was out on his own in the 
middle of the track." 

Last Tycoon won three 
times as a two-year-old and 
was only beaten 1% lengths 
when fifth to Committed in 
the Prix de L'Abbaye at 
Longchamp last October. This 
season he has been successful 
at Longchamp and Chantilly 
and will now go for the 

William Hill Sprint Champi- 
onship at York in August. 
“But if he comes out of this 
race particularly well we might 
go for the July Cup at New- 
market first," Robert Collet, 
the winning trainer, said. 

Yves Saint-Martin normal- 
ly rides Last Tycoon but the 
f 5-times champion French 
jockey has been out of action 
since injuring a shoulder at 
Saint-Cloud on June 9. “Yves 
deserves most of the credit for 
the making of this horse,” 
Collet continued. 

The French trainer has 
charge of 100 horses at Chan- 
tilly. This was his first success 
at Royal Ascot but he won the 
1979 St Leger with Son Of 
Love and last spring he cap- 
tured the French 2.000 Guin- 
eas with No Pass No Sale. 

Despite his defeat on Dou- 
ble Schwartz, Eddery had 
earlier clinched the title of 
leading rider at the meeting 
when partnering Dihistan to a 
three-quarter length win over 
St Hilarion in the Hardwicke 
Stakes. On this occasion 
Eddery was doubly fortunate 
as Walter Swinbum had elect- 
ed to ride Iroko, who coukl 
only finish third. 

“1 think the only time 
Walter's got it right this season 
was when he chose to ride 
Shahrastani in the Derby,” 
said Michael Stoute, the win- 
ning trainer, remembering 
that his stable rider had 


Eddery and Respect to give 
repeat performance in cup 

Dflristan (second left) resists the challenge of St HQarion (ri 
Stakes with Iroko (spots), a stable companion of the winner, ti 
chosen Sonic Lady in prefer- Dallas, trained by Luca 

ence to Maysoon in the 1000 
Guineas and then opted for 
Maysoon rather than Untold 
in toe Oaks. 

Dihistan carried the green 
and red colours of 
Shahrastani's owner, the Aga 
Khan. “He is entered in all the 
big races as a possible pace- 
maker for Shardaii” Stoute 
said. “But now that he’s 
proved himself a group per- 
former in his own right, we’ll 
obviously have to think 

Confirming Shahrastani to 
be on target for next 
weekend’s Irish Derby, the 
trainer then said that Shardaii, 
a disappointing favourite in 
the Coronation Cup. will re- 
new his Epsom rivalry with 
Petoski in the following 
week’s Princess of Wales's 
Slakes at Newmarket Eddery 
went on to ride his sixth 
winner of the meeting when 

Cumani, landed a gamble by 
comfortably resisting the late 
challenge of Navarzato in the 
Britannia Stakes. 

That annual mad scramble, 
the six-furiong Wokingham 
Stakes, resulted in a victory 
for Touch of Grey from the 
1 1 -horse Newmarket stable of 
David Thom. A holler of 
delight from the trainer greet- 
ed the announcement that 
Touch of Gray bad prevailed 
by a neck over Manimstar. 
Touch of Grey was driven 
home with tremendous power 
by the 4I-year-old lightweight, 
Taffy Thomas, who was off 
the course for a fortnight after 
a fall at Kempton until mak- 
ing a successful return to the 
saddle at Sandown last Satur- 
day on Aventioo. 

Barry Hills had his third, 
and Brent Thomson his sec- 
ond. strike of the meeting 

it) in yesterday’s Hardwicke 
rd. (Photograph: John Voos) 
when Carol's Treasure had 
little difficulty in justifying 
favouritism at 6-5 in the 
opening Windsor Castle 
Stakes. The dapper Lam bo urn 
trainer was in tremendous 
spirits after his successful 
meeting. “I know Carol’s 
Treasure always gets a bit 
warm beforehand^ he said 
“but 1 never mind a horse 
sweating up a bit, as it shows 
he’s thinking about it” The 
trainer then said that Carol’s 
Treasure will have his next 
race in the Richmond Stakes 
at Goodwood. 

Eddery's remarkable meet- 
ing ended in anti-climax when 
be fell coming out of the stalls 
on Live In Hope in the Queen 
Alexandra Stakes; fortunately, 
he was unhurt. Victory went 
to Otabari, who was running 
for the second time at the 
meeting after finishing second 
to Rikki Tavi in Tuesday’s 
Ascot Stakes. 

- Following that supremely 
easy win at Sandown eight days 
ago. Respect is napped to give 
the jockey in form. Pit Eddery, 
yet another winning ride in the 
Steel Plate and Sections Victory 
Cop at Ascot this afternoon. 

The former champion, who is 
currently on the crest of a wave, 
has ridden Respect only twice 
and each time they have re- 
turned in triumph. What is 
morc^any type ofgoing seems to 
suit - my nap so he should not 
mind raring on this prevailing 
firm ground. 

At Sandown last month. Re- 
spect won easily although the 
actual margin of victory was. 
only 1W lengths. Bade on the 
Esher course last week, he never 
looked like being caught once 
Eddery sent him to the from. 

In between those wins, Re- 
spect acquitted himself really 
well for a young horse when be 
look on seasoned older handi- 
cappers at Goodwood. He was 
apprentice-ridden on tbat occa- 
sion and it remains my conten- 
tion that he goes better for an 
experienced jockey. 

By Mandarin (Michael Pbilltps) 

r My lasting im pre ssio n of < 
i Respect's mosr recent race was i 
: of a horse and jockey in perfect : 

harmony and it 'seems s ynifr _ 
r cant that Eddery has. preferred. I 
r to stay loyal to Respect instead - -< 
of switching to Flyaway Bride ' 

Dublin Lad. Niceoto Poto. 1 
, Orient. Latch String. Catherines S 
: Well and Restore all boast, t 
• sound credentials bat another ..I 
i win for Respect looks on the E 
i cards and I know that n would t 
give his owner and- breeder, 1 

; Sonny Richmond Watson, enofr ti 
moos pleasure to imtiiiate a c 
family double which may. be I 
i completed a little over an hour s 
later by bis son Julian’s fitly, o 
r Varner*, in the Fern Hill Stakes. 5 
After winning at Kempton 
and Lingfirid, Vhmpra was up s 
against it at Sandown when she j 
took on .Nino Bibbia who, r 
although beaten, was . not dis- a 
graced in Tuesday’s St James’* d 
Palace Stakes. . fc 

There should be fitde between -y 
the Ebbisham States winner . c 
- and runner-up. Princess Nawaal \ 
. and Npnnanby Lass, so I be- 
lieve that Great Lezgfcs could be 


Chance for Phardante 

Phardante (GreriDe Starkey) tomorrow . K-Bsttery has bee 

and Kalkour (Richard Qoumj 
represent Gay Harwood and 
Mick Hayses respectively in the 
Grand Prix de Bruxelles at 
Groeaendad tomorrow. The 
first prize of over £20,000 has 
attracted 10 nmnexs, inri a ding 
four, from France. 

Phardante (fates not always 
seem to ran up to his best but a 
r ep et i tion of the form which 
enabled Ww to defeat Slip 
Anchor in foe Jockey Club 
Stakes would surely be good 
pwin gfe. Kailtnar « not withom a 
<-h nnr» oft**- ■" victory 

in a competitive Sandown handi- 
cap a week ago. 

Freedom’s Choice (WnBe 
Carson) and K-Banery (John 
Lowe) fly tire British flag in the 
group three Grosser Preis Von 
Dortmund era- nine firings 

tomorrow . K-Baftay has been 
r u nn i n g slightly out of his class 
since winning the WHKam HR2 
Lincoln at the start of the season 
hot he should not be far away in 
this more modest c ompa ny. 
However, Freedom’s Choke, 
winner of the Michael Sobetl 
Handicap at York last Saturday, 
Is preferred. 

Sabur Ootid, whose previous 
appearance was over 12 finfongs 
on foe Flat when ridden vy 
Princess Anne, faces a vastly 
different task tomorrow when he 
contests the Course de Kaies 
d*Ete des Quatre Ans ora the 

unfamiliar AntCUfl Obstacles. 

David Nicholson's Triumph 
hurdle winner wifl be partnered 
by Richard Dunwoody, who also 
rides Decisif for Daniel 
WBdeastem hi the Grand 
Steeplechase de Paris. 

the' one to cause GreviUe 
Starkey and Vianora the most 

For Eddery. whm bats already 
been a triumphant week can end 
cm a h&b note with- Simple 
Taste in the Halifax Maiden 
Fffiks' Stakes. By that fas horse 
Sharpen Up. Simple Taste is 
trained at Kingscfere by fan 
Balding, whose two-year-old fil- 
fics ate currently carrying all 
before them. Balding and 
Eddery, incadesiany. supplied 
the winner of foe corresponding 
race 12 months ago in Northern 
Eternity. Cashondma. by the 
sprinter. Run nett, could turn 
out . to be die. main danger to 
Simple Taste. 

When JuMti. who is my 
selection for the High Yield 
Sled Stakes. last ran he was 
required to give Moon Madness 
a stone at Haydoek. Just how 
difficult a task that was only 
became really apparent on 
Thursday when tus conq u eror 
ran away with the King George 
V Handicap. 

. At Ayn George Dtzfiidd 
should « 5 oy a field day. Try To 
Stop Me. his mount in the 1C1 
Petrol Handicap, was beaten 
only a short bead by Freedom's 
Choice in a better race at York a 
week aga However. Duffirid 
wiD be at the Scottish track 
principally to partner King Bat- 
fadeec<3jQ). High Tension (4.0) 

and Ffaet Footed (5.0) for Gavin 
Pritcfaard-Gordpn and all three 
arc fancied. 

Margaa. a late withdrawal 
from today's big sprint at Ascot, 
can justify tbat decision by 
winning, the Daily Express 
Handicap this evening at War- 
wick where Spaa Gold is the 
form horse for the local Oaks. 

Redcar selections 

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One man threatens to tower 
over the World Cup quarter- 
final ‘ meeting- between En- 
gland and Argentina in the 
Azteca stadium tomorrow. 
Diego Armando Maradona, 
standing only 5ft 4m, may not 
appear to present too substan- 
il a barrier to tbe ambitions 
of Bobby Robson’s side, but 
he is a pant of tbe modem 

With ibe extraordinary tal- 
ent that is. packed into his 
powerful frame, he. more than 
anyone else in the tourna- 
ment, has the ability to change 
the destiny of a- match. 
Argentina's captain has explo- 
sive speed, delicate balance. 


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fine control and a broad 
imagination. He is tbe com- 
plete player with only one 
apparent flaw. 

Those who watch the tie on 
television tomorrow evening 
will notice that his right foot is 
employed only for the purpose 
of mobility: He will rarely 
bother to touch the ball with 
it Yet his left foot is a 
formidable weapon that can 
be a steam hammer, a chisel or 
a scalpel as it inflicts damage. 

Many may remember a dip 
of film that illustrates 
Maradona's wondrous skill. A 
camera stationed behind one 
of the goalmouths at Wembley 
captured him drifting through 
impossibly- narrow gaps be- 
tween a queue of English 
defenders and, with a Donchft- 
lant flick, naturally with tbe 
left foot be rolled the ball an 
inch or two past a post. - 
In spite of reports of a 
troublesome lenee, he has 
ridden many a potentially 
dangerous tackle already and 
his form shows no sign of 
being impaired. Leading Ar- 
gentina from the front be has 
taken them past South Korea, 
Italy (who held them to a 
draw) and Bulgaria in the first 
round and a deceptively mar- 
ginal 1-0; triumph over Uru- 
guay earlier this week. 

Although it would be a 
mistake to regard Argentina as 
a one-man band, it is impera- 

Question time: Maradona meets die Press . . . and stays talking for more than an hour (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Tottenham's Stevens, the 
players best equipped for the 
job, to leave Maradona's side 
only during the interval Yet 
such a negative move would 
disrupt the pattern of 
England's own system - 
which is based on patrolling 
zones rather than marking 
individuals — and, equally 
significant, their growing be- 
lief in it. 

Although it is crucial that 
England's defenders ate par- 
ticularly alert whenever they 
are approached by the stocky 
figure in the No. 10 shin, 
Maradona, aged 25, should 
not be regarded as a case for 
special treatment. There will 
be enough other dangers lurk- 
ing around him to occupy 
their collective attention. 

Valdano, of Real Madrid, 
for instance,, is one of the 
striking successes of the tour- 

. MFnr2 


tive fbr England's sake that namenL The spearhead, he is 


7-4 Infanta Mana. 1t-4 K»ta’s Imago, 6-1 Stslby. 8-t Ban LotM, 10-1 Get Set Lisa. 
U -1 Rytaixls Reef. 25-1 Kyuardate. 33-1 othara. 

Maradona's contribution is 
kept to a minimum. But how? 
Bobby Robson admits that no 
I method has worked so far. 

HI &.-H ST»C3 «Srt 5 


i*. lifer 

Win aglorious weekend 

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' We bare pat tOKefher * cbun^igDe weekend for the winner <of 
oor competitions Yo» ud a aimpantan wfli be collected at your 
hM»eowfl>eSatimlayjaern i PgbycharffeBi w driven.lfaiienriBea«d 
taken to the nearest airp o fftfrom-whidi British Gdedonfamwill fly 
yoa to Goodwood airgekL Another cbanBcnr-d ri ven car wfll take 
yon 'to tberiuxcoorse wboe yon wfll have a champagne hmch and 
receive £100 worth of free bets with the Tote. Strawberries and 
cream, wfll fee-served for tec v V 

Ana' racing; yon will be driven to the. .Goodwood Park hotel 
where* reservations has been ande. In the ereiung yon wfll be 
taken tntbe Ouch ester Festival theatre where'the best Mats bave 
been reserved to see Rkhard Briers in tjhe restoration comedy The 
Relapse. Alternatively yon can spend tbe evening at the hotel with 

Q^Soiidaw'yoa may visit historic Goodwood House before 
retintiag to the^ hotel for teach. Then it is fcackto Gatwkk, a flight 
toyonr local airport ahd a lhnonsane to yon door. 

To win tins magnificent weekend, complete the orossworiT and 
send it toe Gloriras Goodwood Competititsi, Goodwood Hace- 
coorse. Nr Gtidiester, West Sussex FOISOPX to arrive aot later 
than next Saturday, Jane 28. The first correct entry opened wfl! be 
adN^ed tbewmner and the nexT2S correct entries will receive a 
pair of Goodwood grandstand andpaddock badges for aday of the 
reader's choice sSssriffi* the Joly meeting. ■ ‘> 

' The sports editor's decision fa final and ». correspondence will 
be entered into. Employees of Times Newa^apers Linuted cannot 
ester the competition. 

Times Racing Crossword; 

supported by two smaller 
partners, Maradona and 
Ptascnlli, both members of 
Italian clubs. 

. Since Garre is suspended 
following two. cautions, Ar- 
gentina may be fallible at left 
back, but the most encourag- 

ing weakness from England’s 
point of view is at the centre of 
their opponents' defence. 
Passarella, the captain of the 
triumphant side m 1978, has 
been at odds with the manag- 
er, Carlos Bilardo, and has 
been ruled out by a variety of 
injuries. The latest version is a 
pulled thigh muscle. His loss, 
whether enforced or not, 
would be England's gain. His 
replacement, who goes by the 
unlikely name of Brown, is 
relatively slow. 

Slow, too, is Ruggeri. bis 
ally. The Poles and the Para- 
guayans found out that their 
poor, stiff-Iegmed defenders 
could not easily contain the 
bursts of the lively Lineker 
and Beardsley. The combina- 
tion from Everton and New- 
castle United claimed all six of 
England's goals in the last two 
ties and the pair are in no 
mood to stop. 

Nor are the rest of the 
England camp. The lone 
member of tbe side who may 
be given no other choice is 
Reid. An X-ray examination 
of his ankle has revealed no 
fracture, although the ankle 
painful Typically, 


Reid dismisses any doubts 
about bis availability, but they 
remain nevertheless. 

Ironically, an advertise- 
ment for the game features 
Maradona in the foreground 
and Wilkins in the back- 
ground. Unless Reid fails to 
recover, the English represen- 
tative will be seen only if he 
comes off the substitutes' 
bench. Robson is unlikely to 
make any other alterations, 
even though Fenwick has 
served his one-match 

Bilardo says he fears the 
crosses of Steven and Hodge. 
He did not mention the vision 
and the accuracy of the gifted 
Hoddle. whose performance 
should offer a fascinating con- 
trast to that of Maradona. The 
more subdued of the two will 
probably end up going out of 
the competition. 

Others are frightened by the 
threat of violence. The players 
will be disputing possession of 
a ball rather than islands in the 
South Atlantic, but the game 
could give the Irresponsible an 
opportunity -to revive memo- 
ries of the Falklands conflict. 
A Tunisian referee, with a 

reputation for harshness, 
should see that that does not 
arise on the pilch. 

England can only hope that 
he is not taken in by the 
typical South American theat- 
ricality of the Argentinians. 
Maradona, in particular, is not 
averse to reacting to a chal- 
lenge as though he has been 
struck by a truck when, in 
reality, he has merely been 
touched with a feather. 

The Mexican riot police, 
whose numbers have been 
reinforced for the occasion, 
will soon dissuade any poten- 
tial troublemakers off the 
pitch. They have not been 
seen in action yet but they 
have a reputation for using 
their heavy batons to drive the 
bead of any miscreant into his 
shoulders as though they were 
hitting a naiL 

• Julio Romero, of Paraguay, 
the South American player of 
the year, has tipped Argentina 
to beat England. After 
England's 3-0 defeat of his 
side, Romero said: “Against 
Argentina, who have better 
technique, individual talent, 
strength and speed, England 
will surely fill." 

MONTERREY (Reiner) — 
Mexico are hoping to avenge a 
piece of traumatic football his- 
tory when they face West Ger- 
many in the quarter-finals at tbe 
Universitario stadium today. 

When the Mexicans met the 
then .defending world cham- 
pions for the first time in 
Argentina in 1978. Karl -Heinz 
Rummcnigee scored twice en 
route to the West Germans 
giving the Mexicans a 64} 

Mexico now however have 
progressed beyond the first 
round and beat West Germany 
243 a year ago. Although the 
relevance of that victory was 
somewhat undermined by ill- 
ness in the West German camp, 
the Mexicans are hopeful of 
surpassing their previous best 
World Cup performance in 1970 
when they went out to Italy, the 
evemuaV finalists in the quarter- 
finals in Toluca. 

Only two players have sur- 
vived the eight years since 
Mexico's defeat in Cordoba — 
Rummenigge and Tomas Boy, 
the Mexican captain. Both skip- 
1 pen are likely to play important 
roles when the heat today may 
decide which side reach the 

Rummenigge made his first 
full appearance of the current 
tournament during the 1-0 win 
over Morocco in the second 
round on Tuesday and is likely 
to be in the starting line-up 
today. Boy. dubbed “the Boss", 
is aged 33 but still pulling the 
strings in midfield. 

Even if both play, the most 
popular attraction for the local 
fans is sure to be an appearance 
by Francisco Javier Cruz, 
nicknamed “the Grandfather”. 
Cruz, aged 20 with a crinkled 
face, led Monterrey's first di- 
vision club to the title this year, 
but has had to be content with 
appearances on the wing as a 

MEXICO; P Lari os; R Amador, F Cruz. F 

OurartB. R Sonim. C Munoz. T Boy. M 

Esparia. J Ap4mUi/l Nagratt. I 
WEST GERMANY: H Schumacter; D 
Jakobs. T Barthold. K-H Fores*, K Edar, 
H-P BriejjcL L Matthaeus. F-W Magath, K- 
H Rummenigge. R Voier. K Allots. 
Raferaa: J Oil (CotonMa). 

Michel to 
back four 

Butragueno now puts 
Belgium in his sights 

Italians snubbed by fans 

Rome (Reuter) — Italy, the 

PncMa — Spain and Belgium. 
| who both upset more favoured 
countries in the second round of 
the. World, Cup, clash here 
tomorrow in r the quarter-finals. 
The winners will . meet either 
England or Argentina in the last 

Spain, runners-up in^ ^the 1984 
European championships, rdy 
heavily tin the marksmanship of 
Emilio Butragueno, of Real 
Madrid, whose four goals de- 
stroyed the elegant skill of 
Den ma r k and made him joint 
top scorer in the tournament 
with Gary Lineker, of England, 
on five. 

It wax Butragueno's sudden 
acceleration and opportunism 
that took foil reward after 

Denmark's defensive blunders 
surprisingly swept Spain 
through to the last eight. Al- 
ready without their rugged 
Atltitico Bilbao defender, 
Andoni Goicoechea, through 
suspension, they have injury 
problems and bave delayed 
naming the team. 

Guy Thys, who managed 
Belgium to second place in the 
1980 European Championships, 
believes his team “will get better 
as the tournament goes along”. 
Their 4-3 victory over the Soviet 
Union was the result of Tbys’5 
careful blend of his Flemish and 
French-speaking players. He has 
benefited much from the mas- 
terly technique of Enzo Srifo 
and the emergence of Stephane 
de Mol and Patrick Vervoort. 

former champions, returned 
home from Mexico to a subdued 
reception yesterday, a far cry 
from the rotten tomatoes which 
greeted the 1966 disgraced 

The players, looking tired and 
unhappy, many of them wearing 
dark glasses, returned to Rome 
and Milan airports, but next to a 
poster readme “Italy vomits on 
you", and shouts of "down" 
and “blockhead" directed at 
Bruno Conti, the Roma wing, 
they were practically snubbed by 
supporters despite having lost to 
France for only the second lime 
in their history. 

Ugo Cesiani, the senior of- 
ficial with the team, expressed 
concern at fens' indifference. 
“Perhaps the tomatoes in 1966, 
or the harsh criticism in 1974, 

was preferable because they 
were signs of vitality," he said. 
"The public are drifting away 
from fbotbalL” 

• The World Cup has brought a 
major surge in early morning 
drunken driving and traffic 
accidents in East Berlin, accord- 
ing to police. “Although East 
Germany failed to qualify, mil- 
lions are watching the finals and 
dearly some drivers are forget- 
ting their obligations during the 
World Cup. There’s no other 
way of explaining the rise in 
early morning drunken 
driving,” a police officer said. 

• Brazirs reserve side beat tbe 
first team 4-2 yesterday, but the 
tension before today's match 

S 5t France, the European 
pions. showed when Nebi 
Abi Chedid. vice-president of 
the Brazilian FA, tried to con- 

fiscate the film of a French 
television crew. 

"I will not allow them to film 
h." the irate vice-president said, 
but after Brazilian reporters 
supported their French col- 
leagues. filming went ahead. 

World Cap fixtures 



Brazil v France (Jalisco stadium, 
Guadalajara. 7.0), BBC 
West Germany v Mexico 

With the fell back. William 
Ayache. suspended after two 
bookings, Henri Michel, the 
French manager, will be forced 
to reshape his back four for the 
quarter-final against Brazil. Ma- 
nuel Amoros is likely to move 
across to the right with Thieny 
Tusseau coming in at left back. 

Brazil's one doubt concerns 
the great Zico, who has made 
only fleeting appearances as a 
substitute in Mexico. Tele 
Santana, the Brazilian manager, 
admits he has been tempted to 
play Zico from the start against 
France but he will again spend 
the first hour on the bench. 

Santana does not have any 
specific measures in mind to 
cope with Platini, who showed 
signs of his true gre at ness in the 

second-round victory over Italy 
Y- *t 

(Universitano stadium, Monterrey, 

11.0). r* 




Argentina v England (Azteca 
dum, 7.0), ITV and BBC 
Spain v Belgium (Puebla, 110). ITV 
SEMI-FINALS: Wednesday: Brazil 
or France v West Germany or 
Mexico (Guadalajara, 7.0); Argerv 

in Mexico City on Tuesday, 
is not the Brazilian way to set 
out to stop someone else play- 
ing. Let Platini and France 
worry about Socrates, Junior 
and Elza" he said. 

Platini's skills are well known 
to Brazil but it is his midfield 
partner, Fernandez, the most 
outstanding player against Iialy, 
who could pose a greater prob- 
lem and take France through to 
the semi-finals. 

tina or England v Spain or Batguan 

l 11.C 

(Azteca, 11.0} 

BRAZIL (probable): Carlos: Josfenar, JuHo 
Cesar, tamho. Branco. Socrates. 
AJamao. Bzo. Junior, Csreca. Mutter. 
FRANCE (probable): J Bets; M Amoros, P 
BaWswuM Bobsis, T Tusseau, J Tigana. 
A Gbesse. M Platini. L Fernandez. D 
Roctwteau. Y Supyra. 

RatereeOkjna (RomaniaV 


1 H K" * "*«. 1 

■ .r • 1 J 
f-v ’■* 


£*■■ i 




i v 






< ^ 















\* A 


Cautious Ovett tries AAA gamble 

By Fat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 

■ * 

-jp» „• . 

1 Two lamps of ibis from ijftw 
'-StewssdsrOip wnmennaybe? (5L . 

4 Revised American status of ibe Stiv 
■ sex Stakes on Wednesda/s card (4. 

8 ■Recent Stewards' Cop winner fijr- 
fee tale Brian Swift (S). 

9 No wtide for Prtbtes dam (5). • .. 
irBriUwnt Sussex Sake* winner £r 

18 dm (*)»." 

« And her leg switched to the owner 
ofi winning Roman hero tn Sussex 

- ,49)l ■ • . - ■ . 

14 The sire of a recent Derby wjwer a 
evidently not in his Old age {5K 

15 &» 27 Amos. ' 

17 Lib for this End .wumer 
_ 12.21. 

21 Peer* m a str ange way at postwar 
Nassau Stakes winner (St 

22 Trainer who wffl not-have numm 

at Goodwood-bot has won three 
Grand Nationals (5). " “ 

26 So; A Down. ... 

27 ft JS Or fer soother candle from a- 
recent Gonfca Stake* wumer per-. 

. taps?(A5>. ■ ; r . . 

29 You can fiei p0 fee» ft racer 
courses and they -can befrwnd'm 
. ixirs(S). - 

3l ; Stance ig&ratt/ authority (hr 1925 
Goodwpod sprint handicap winner 
( 8 ). 

32 h am be aroused wife a hewn a. 

of the Goodwood 
eveoif rt is raining - 


-1 Leading Goodwood jockey who 
. rides for the Harwood team (7). ' 

2 The- five 

3 Amtree*s Glenlmi Grandstand 

does not haw* one: Goodwood does 

A “The Brigadier* jockey ( 6 L 
SA 26 If fd car or bos used to move 
"around. 1 might have seen an iro- 
ptirtam Goodwood official (3. 91. . 
fi X pries wears one so does a boqe 
-"berfc groomed (ft' “ 

7 No longer a writ ( 6 k 
. ltGooffundd Sokes winner wife 8 
couple ofragby scores to his hame- 
..eanteri^ettJuiein?(51. ; 

13 Moved Ins Wps to find vessel for 
•'the- 1976 Gcodon'-Sukes wiriner 
: maybe? (4 Jl l 
I ff Could be a, Rhine wineor pan ofa 
hocse's anatomy (4). . . . 

18 Trainer tinny Ynaniesakc won the 

- GootNrootf Cup(S). . - - 

19 -A prewar .Goodwood Cup winner. 

• s'it voosptiil(81.- 

29 Sussex Stakes winner who ofefei 
nkrtdhisiwgafbi * 

Steve Ovett has put himself in 
laracteristkally precipitous 
situation by wfthdnrwing from 
the Kodak ; AAA-~ 5,000 metre 
championship today, a race 
which the selectors originally 
indicated would be the final trial 
for the England Commonwealth 
Games nmm. 

The selectois retreated from 
their dictate' when they discov- 
ered that both Sebastian Coe 
and Oven were unlikely to 
compete this weekend. Coe, as 
-wtirld record holder and author 
of the fastest m the Gommon- 
wetdth this year, Irnin 45-66sec, 
has already been penedlied in the 
team foir the 800 metres, and is 
fikefy to be gi ven until July J to 
prove his form over 1,500 
metres when he runs that dis- 
tance in Stockholm. The final 
-date for Commonwealth entries 
is July 5. - 

The leeway is. given to Coe 
. because he is a double Olympic 
champion at the longer distance. 

But Ovett is in a very different 
situation, given that he has not 
competed at 5,000 metres for six 
years. At that time, he had as 
much potential to be' 5,000 
metres world record holder as he 
had to-be 1,500 metres world 
record holder, as indeed he was 
until Steve Cram broke his 1 983 
record last year. 

Illness and injury intervened 
for Ovett, and particularly the 
heart-related exhaustion prob- 
lems at tbe Olympic Games 
have left a continuing doubt 
about Ovett's potential over the 
longer distances. Bui there are 
those -like -Said Aouita, the 
holder of the 5,000 metres world 
record ax 13miD O.40sec, who 
think that Ovett coukl do that 
. sort of time very soon. And the 
impression is, despite his cau- 
tious words, that Oven concurs. 

Yesterday he conceded: “If 
three guys do, let's say 13.19- 
13.20. there is no way the 
selectors can’t pick them, and 
m stand by that decision.” Tim 
Hutchings is certainty capable of 
sub-13JD following his 7min 

44. 88 sec 3,000 metres at Lough- 
borough test Saturday. It would 
then depend upon bow close to 
Hutchings Dave Lewis and Jack 
Buckner could be. 

Ovett said that he would not 
run today because of a recent 
cold, and while he admitted that 
he has been cautious, ooe 
wonders • if he is being over- 
cautious. He apparently sug- 
gested to the selectors that be 
run 1.500 metres when Coe 
dropped out with injury earlier 

with to try to secure European 
championship selection. 


this week, but was told that that 

would not help his bid for a 
5.000 metres place in 

Ovett protests that the media 
are expecting him “to come out 
and run 13. TO". But Ovett said 
little yesterday to dispel the 
belief that he would like to do 
exactly that himself either to 
earn a place if today's race is 
inconclusive; or as a reminder to 
the selectors that they were 
wrong not to leave a place open 
for him if they do select three 
tomorrow. Oven would then be 
left with an extra month to play 

After her excellent cross- 
country season, Carole Bradford 
believed that her hopes for 
Commonwealth and European 
selection were as high as 
anybody's. But they have fallen 
apart as a result of a persistent 
leg injury. Miss Bradford has 
had to withdraw from the 
women's AAA LQ.QOO metres 
championship in Hull today. 
Jane Shields and Chris Benning 
are entered, but since they have 
been selected for the Common- 
wealth 3-000 and 1.500 metres 
respectively, they are unlikely to 
run. Thai would leave ihe Sarny 
twins. Marina and Shireen, 
Glynis Penny, Jill RotbweU, 
Carol Haigh and Jill Clarke to 
battle for the three places. 

The WAAA heptathlon is also 
being held at Hull this weekend. 
Kira H agger has a slight iqjuiy, 
but did enough in Arles last 
month io ensure selection, as 
did Judy Simpson, although she 
is competing in Hull 


British crews hope for 
high medal count 

From Jim Rat] ton, Ratzeborg, West Germany 

British crews should make 
their presence felt in tbe 28th 
International Regatta here. The 
national squad and British pri- 
vate, entries are entered in no 
fewer than 37 events over the 
weekend. Many are doubling up 
and will withdraw from some 
when they size up the strength of 
the opposition or the lack of it. 

The weather was nearly per- 
fect yesterday. If it bolds, crews 
will need no warm-up. and a 
breeze at the moment is enough 
to keep tempers cool. 

This Ratzcburg Lake has at- 
tracted entries room Czecho- 
slovakia. Denmark. * The 
Netherlands. Hong Kong.. Ire- 
land. New Zealand. Sweden. 
West Germany and Great 

The entry overall is luke 
warm. Many British crews who 
face straight finals over the 
weekend will be disappointed if 

the medal count is not high. 

The mens’ British heavy- 
weight eighL who will also 
appear in Henley’s Grand, have 
at least made a decision. They 
were entered here in three 
events today — the coxed and 
coxless fours together with the 
big-boat event. They are going 
for the eighth title and will race a 
top Czech eight and the pride of 
the West Germans. The field is 
supplemented by the Irish po- 
lice. a British club crew and two 
Dutch entries. This will be a 
straight final. 

The British men's heavy- 
weight right are lucky. At least 
they have a race in the big event. 
The British women’s eight have 
no opposition in this event but 
will flex their muscles in a coxed 
four and two coxless pairs. 
Tomorrow the British women 
have a straight final in eighth 
against a crew from West 


HEAVYWEIGHT.- Champion: 

nua: March 22 


Bart** (Cank Wpo 

J. P Thcms (US* 2. M 

F &vno (GBfc A A-Tubta. 
6. J Srrnmj 

(USt Won Mto- Doc 3. 1882 
Last defame: Sept 15. ii» 

0 y(US}:g.J Srmtn{USt7, 
H Weaw (USt & C WUams (US£ 9 . M 
(US):.10, DBey (USJ- 


roz (Max). Won Ufa: Sept 13. 1984 
' Last, compulsory: July 7. 
Last defence: June i3. 1. F T Crur 

in Chul(S Korea): 6. M MeGrary AiS): 7. M 
Medal [USfc 8. D Braxton (list 9. J 
Monduga (Uganda* 10. FT Ramos (Am). 

Braun: Z R Lodpridge * J de b 

CRUISER; Champion: C de ledn (Puerto 

Rico). Wtw tale: Marc*r22 (computa*). 1. 

B BwtantUS* Z E HdyfipU (US); 3, R 
■(USt 4.) 

■Parictr I 

. A RatUf 

WELTER: CftamptofeD Curry (USt Won 

Rosa (Donxnxan Rapubicfc 4.M Martinez 
(Mext 5. D Pratchett: ffSungyun Ken (5 
Korea);?. JM Renan! (Beta): 8.0 Be 
[Maxt 9. L EKs (Aust JO. D Londasl 

(USL 4. Chanyung Parte (S Koraat S. H 

Snead (US): 6. Kang IQ Youl (S Koraat 7, 

A Arelar (Mart 8. A Moran (Panama). 9. A 
Momero (Prat 10. L Lopax (Arg). 

KtfcDacS. 1985. Last < 

: Marco 

-(USt fi..® Artz (USjj^ J Odbaunbo 


»tlO.HTUbnan'(U5)i . • • 

LIGHT-HEAVY: Chamdton: O Andrfee 
IG8),Won trtte April 30. Ust compulsory: 
DtettJby WHamwn. 1.BDavis{0Sta J 
B Wfcmawi (USt 3.L Steward 

APflnce Mama M oh a m med (Ghana): 5. J 

9. 1985, by McOmmv. 1. L HoneyoiiBn 
(GBh 2. J Bunnhus tUSta. T Ayars (USt 
4. Jtmsok HMrang (S Koraat &. MStv&n 
(USt S!h stiufterd (US). 7. M Rocker 

. _,9. Sawng Soon Lm(S Koraat 10. M 
Ireland (US)- . 

LIGHT-WELTER: ChampTon: R Arredondo 
(Mskl Won Wr May 5. computsory. 1. R 
Gonraia? (Uex): 2. F Warren rust 3. R 

feather: cnan^Mon: A Ntfson (Ghana). 

Won o«r. Dec 8, 196* (compittsory). Last 

defence: Feb 25 (compulsory}. 1. M 
ViBasana Matt 2. C Grow (list 3, J 
Beard (U5r4. A Esparragosra (Vent 5. B 
Taylor (LSJc 6.JU Looaz (Arg); 7. A 
Rtvara (Puano Rtcok 8. J MarmaMio 

(Panama]: 9. T Downes (TrMdadt 10. a 

Caorara (Pueno Fbeo).- - 

SUPER-FLY; Champion: G Roman (Mart. 

Won Otto: March 30. Last defence: May 

15. 1. F Cedeflo (PttfippJnaSfc 2. j 
Watanabe (Japan): 3. I Cantraras (Van. 
ezuelaL 4, Pong Choon Lee fS Koraah 5. 
Kongfflranefi Parakarum rThrtand): 6. R 

Condon (Arg); 7. S Latter (Arg); 8. Q Rot;; 

B Gt»:fe iiqfe ■acm. jxa ro fee 
. ‘ fun 

M Emebe (Camaraon): fi. W Edwards 

(US); 7. E Muttafe Muhammad r 


. j - . ftjv; 

wife yoor tsoncyio 
33- What a greedy. 

he hod fee I .. 
ncr. espreiaDy iin w» 

future 17). 

24 Leading kith traincr aewlyin robe 

■ (6LV 

25 .EgaHife sjpmbriijK squads like a 

■ surefire winnerffi). i. ■■ 

28 Conceal --ft.fohaer leadiag Englisfa 
jodejy.tW - •• • 

39 5heg^sancj:in feel'fa8tan<3) * 


. A Sanctttffl (Nett): 10. R 

ShwWs (USh 4. Xyurgduk Ahn (S I 

5.~B MdSirt [USt fi. Twwoshi H 
(Japan); 7. L Snath (USkiC H Hernandez 

IHCtDLE: Champen: M Harter (US). Last 
- 115;19»Oa«tteH 



(Ufi); 2, H Graham 

(ArgV 3. T Marsh (06): 10. U Sacco (Arg). 

LIGHT: Chamtmn: H Csmseho 

RICO). Won MK' Aug 

a. M Kaytor (GB): 4. D LeatUSX 5. R 


_ - .US: t LHcftnastTUS): 7. M OJaJoa 

(Cant 8. ASfcson (GBL 9- Mustafa 
HamstojUSfc io. D Oarttt (US). 


defence; June 13 (compufeoiy]. i. 
Roaano (Puano RcoticeozaeoMBx 

lUgandax 3. J L Runraz (Max): 4. s 

Payafcanm (TTBUmo). Won tale: Jan 18- 

LaaconvuBcnr.AprHiB. 1985 by Meza. 

1 J Meza (Mwfc 2. Seui Hoon l» (S 
Korea): 3. R Danmouaz (An): 4. T Vrtqy 
Donmcm Heputtc): 5. M Ajala 0%fl. 
! Sobs (Puerto Rco): 7. J Garoufi. Choi 

FLY: Champerr Sot CtMalaoa (ThsKandl. 
Won otter Oct fi. 1984. Last compusory: 

June 22. 1985. Last dafenoa-Ftei 22 . i.Q 

Bemal (Mex): 2. Hna) Shm (S Korea): 3. J 

Herrera (Me*). 4. Raeiu Ann (S Korea). 5. 

A Castro (Colombia): 6. F Beats (Gotom- 
bieL 7. J Lucas (Mox): a RCaOan (Puerto 
Rco); 9. F Cast Bo (Me*): 10. Hideadd 
Karosnro (Jaoan). 

Yun Ktp (S Korea): 9. 0 Blanco (Cofem- 
tmh 10. J Fenodi (AusL 

Zambrano ^MexL.a-O. Tyson (USL & T Afc 
c 7. J Romero (Arg): & M Si 

UGHT-MDDL& QaTW/T. Hearns 


i fleo); a J Nazano (Puerto Rco). 

SUPOt-FEATTBl^ChamoiOn. J C Cna* 

BANTAM: Cftampiorc M 

Wtti taia: Aug 9. 1985. Last aafenee: 1 

8.. LlS computson: May *. IBM uy 

Zaragoza. 1. A Dawn (UST 2. E Sanchez 
(Donmean Republct- 3. G Rcftardson 


Korea). Won «a- March &, 1983. Last 

defence- April 13 (eompufewy]. T. I Pare): 

(MH):2. R Blanco potamMa). 3. J OUvo; 
4. J Caro (Mo*L a BMuirto (Panama); B. 

F Monnei (Mm T. Gnomon Park (S 

Korea), fi. SeuH Toman (Japan). 9. E Pinto 
(Mexh 10. E Tunofl (Panama). 

Fora comprehensive, 
preview of the 115th 
Open Championship 
at Turnbeny, open this 
month's Golf Monthly. 



,<*• - 

' v *T. v- 




sgjg'XfJ _ 


By Rex BeUamy, Tennis CoRespondeat 

%. r 

Molly van Nostrand, of 
New York, and Ivan Lendl, 
pie best-known Czechoslovak 
in Connecticut, will be the 
Wimbledon singles champi- 
ons. That, anyway, is what 
happened in Martina 
Navratilova's customary pre- 
Wimbledom dream: “Lendl 
played some unknown in the 
final and switched hands at 
match point serving, because 
he had a bet that he would win 
the match left-handed. He 
missed his first serve, but 
served another, and the guy 
barely got the ball back. Lendl 
hit a backhand winner." 

Miss Navratilova dreams a 
lot m vivid detail. In one 
sample, she could not return 
service because of a line of 
trees in the tramlines. In 
another (she was playing Chris 
Lloyd on day), there was a 
valley on Miss Navratilova's 
side of the court and the ball 
kept going over her head. A 
psychoanalyst could read vol- 
umes into all ihat 

When it comes to 
Navratilova trivia, all that 
needs to be added is that 
during a party at Eastbourne 
on Thursday evening, a group 
of photographers arranged a 
whip-round for the benefit of 
Sport Aid if Miss Navratilova 
could extract some sort of note 
from the bagpipe, which even- 
tually she did. “That was a 
new experience for me," she 
said. “But I'm always willing 

to make a fool of myself for a 
good cause." That lung- 
searching folly raised almost 

For the second year run- 
ning, Miss Navratilova wifi 
play Helena Suhova in the 
singles final of the PiUrington 
Glass Championships at East- 
bourne. Both had easy wins 
yesterday. . Miss Navratilova 
beat Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 6- 
2, 6-f),and Miss Sukova had a 
6-0, 6-2 win over Robin 
White, who had evidently- 
played beyond her means 
when beating Hana 
Mandiikova and Gabriela Sa- 
batini. Miss White, overpow- 
ered , was always under 
pressure. “I started weU, kept 
rolling, went in as much as I 
could, and never let her enter 
the match," Miss Sukova said. 

Miss Kohde-Kilsch served 
four double-faults in the first 
game, four more in the elev- 
enth and 12 altogether. The 
afternoon was windy, and she 
had problems with her toss. 
Miss Kohde-Kilsch is so tall 
that she may have been invad- 
ing air currents beyond the 
reach of most players. She 
must have been aware, too. 
that Miss Navratilova could 
do terrible damage to a short 
second service. It transpired 
that Miss Kohde-Kilsch also 
had a stiff back, and was 
apprehensive about 

Whatever the reasons, no 

serves up 
a winner 

By Richard Eaton 

Vfjay Amritraj, the Indian 
who has taken most of the fast 
six months out to act as- a 
policeman, in an American tele- 
vision series, reached bis first 
Grand Prix final for three years 
when he won 6-4, 6-1 against 
Mark Woodfbrde, aged 20, a 
left-hander from Adelaide, in 
the Bristol Trophy yesterday. 

■ Amritrafs performance was 

!•! €•!! ii A*. Vf. LL‘ 

Fully stretched: Kohde-Kilsch on her way to defeat yesterday (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

player can afford to give Miss 
Navratilova almost two 
points every service game, 
particularly the way she was 
playing yesterday. During the 
first game, and at odd mo- 
ments later. Miss Navratilova 
tried to be too dever with half- 
volleyed drops. Apart from 
that, she played formidably 
well not least in the length she 
found with her volleys and 
approach-shots. Her service 

worked well too, notably on 
the three occasions when she 
had a break point against her. 

“I served and volleyed very 
well" Miss Navratilova said. 
“This is a relaxing week, away 
from the big cities. It's fun." 
Devonshire Park is also rich in 
memories. Tennis has been 
played there since 1870. The 
South of England champion- 
ships began in 1881. the year 
Pat Garrtft shot Billy the Kid. 

Of more immediate relevance 
is the feci that in the past four 
years, Miss Navratilova has 
won at Eastbourne and Wim- 
bledon in turn. Again, she has 
to play Miss Sukova in the 
Eastbourne final. ■ 

RESULTS: Semi-finals: M 

Navratffova (Uf 

(WG), 6-2, 6k); 

l i r -« 

(Aig). 6 - 1 . 7 - 6 . 

has played so little competitive 
tennis recently, but also because 
it came near the end of a week in 
which he has beaten three 
seeded players, having only 
come into the tournament on a 
wild card. 

He was also able to serve his 
way om of trouble, almost at 
will, against an opponent whose, 
double-handed backhand makes 
him one of the better service 
returners in the business, each 
and every time his opponent 
held a break point. In the second 
set this was on no fewer than 10 
occasions. Amritraj, aged 32, 
recently had a part in the blest 
Star Trek film. It was almost as 
though be possessed the ability 
to beam the ball into unexpected 
locations by rearranging its 
molecular coordinates- 

His win provides a most 
attractive final, one* that might 
be billed as the actor v the artist. 
Henri- Leconte; the- top-seeded 
Frenchman, won the other 
semi-final by revealing 
spectacular service power to go 
with the aesthetic delights of ms 
ground strokes. He won the 
match 6-3, 6-0 against Bud 
Schultz, of the United Slates, in 
49 minutes, talcing the second 
set in only 19. • 

04, 6-1: H 

. 3MM- OobMm: 
SMflHtatC Step) and d Voter (SA) bt A 
Caste and J Tumor, 6-*, 6-4. 


Better late than 
never for Essex 

By Iyo Tennant 

ILFORD: Essex (22pts) beat 
Sussex (4) by 69 nuts. 

By the skin of their teeth, 
Essex beat Sussex and remained 
on top of- the championship 
table. There were just 16 balls of 
the last 20 overs remaining 
when they took the last wicket. 
They had been held up in the 
main by Gould, who made 68. 
and Ali Khan, on his champion- 
ship debut, who remained un- 
defeated,- -having batted 188 
minutes for 27. 

Sussex resumed requiring a 
further 349 with eight wickets 
intact. They lost the first of these 
when Parker was taken at silly 
point off Childs, playing back to 
a ball that lifted. While Imran 
took nine overs to get off the 
mark. Reeve the night-watch- 
man, collected runs with rel- 
ative ease. He reached 50 in 109 
minutes with four fours. 

He had added one more run 
when Topley returned and had 
him caught off a glove, the ball 
gently arcing to first slipi 

Imran, too. went to a ball that 
popped, caught in the gully off 
the shoulder of the bat He had 
stayed for 81 minutes. Colin 
Wells also remained a while, 
before Topley. who again looked 
the most penetrative Essex 
bowler, brought one back to 
have him leg before at 146. 
When Foster had Allan Wells 
caught at mid-wicket, Sussex 
were 190 for seven and an early 

finish seemed probable. How- 
ever, Ali Khan displayed a 
sound technique, playing 
straight and smothering the 

Gould was in Ins most pugna- 
cious mood at the other end. 
Hooking and driving power- 
fully, he made 68 with 10 Touts 
and added 89 with Ali Khan. He 
had given Sussex a dance of 
victory when Childs had him 
well caught — one-handed by 
Foster at mid-on — with his first 
ball of a new spell. Then Childs 
had Pigotl taken off bat and pad 
and. finally, AcfieJd bad Bredin 
caught behind. 

. ESSEX- First (rraws 242 {PJPrtcftard 68, 
K W R RMCter SZ N A Foster SI not out 
A C S Ptaott 5 lor 57) . 

SecondlroTOs 22fl for 5 doc (A H Border 
56 not out FQ Prldterd 55) 

SUSSEX: Brat tarings 112 (T D Toptay 5 
lor 52) * 

Second tantags 

DK Stented bCDHds 3 

AM Green mb Topley 6 

D A Reeve c CSadwtn b Topley 51 

PWG Pvkerc Renter bCMde 7 

Imran Khan c Prichard b Topley 28 

C M Wees few b Topley 39 

A PWeOsC CMOS b Foster 35 

RAM Khan not out — 27 

I J Gate c taster b cttWs 68 

A C S Pigofl c Renter b Chflte _ 0. 

A M Brean c East b ActeM 2 

Extras (b9.bS.w4.nb5) 24 

Total 290 

FAIL OF WICKETS: 1-8, 2-11. 340, 4-83. 
5-1 26. S-1 48. 7-190. 8-279. 9281. 10-290. 
80WUNG: Foster 31 -7-83-1 ; Topley 25-5- 
68-4; CtddS 40-14-84-4; ActeU2&4-4- 

Umpires.- K E Palmar and B J Ma y er. 

Gibraltar rock bottom 

General standards may have 
improved beyond recognition 
on those of 1 982 but it remainsa 
sad fact that the ICC Trophy 
still throws up several fixtures 
that show a great imbalance 
(Michael Berry writes). 
Yesterday's Group Two game 
between Canada and Gibraltar 
at Swindon was one of them. 

It look only three minutes 
over two hours from start to 
finish. The Canadians had the 
bowlers to exploit conditions 
assisting the seamers and 
Gibraltar were dismissed for a 
record low in the competition of 
46 in the 26th over. In reply 
Canada knocked off the runs 
without loss of wicket in just 23 

One has to sympathize with 

the -Gibraltarians. Their re- 
sources are restricted, both in 
cricketing and geographical 

GROUP ONE: Mddewtaw tee Denrartt 
146 (582 overs. N BMtelav 42. E Brandas 
4 for 21); Zimbabwe 148 for 2 (34.5 overs. 
G Paterson 88 not out). Zimbabwe won by 

8 wcketa. Omentn end N 
Bangladesh 162(585 overs, SLakhe 4 for 
31): East Africa 131 for 3 (49 oversL 
Hntey: Malaysia 154 (543 oven. A 
Stevens 66): Kenya 158 for 5 (424 ovwsT 
Tftoto 45 not out T Iqbal 42). Kenya won 
by 5 wtciceo. 

251 {59.3 
for £{<7 

owrsj. SMMon: aoraifar 46 a&A overs, 
D Abraham 5 for 9): Carada48 for 0 
wickets (3.6 overs). Canada won by 10 
wickets. Worcester: Papua New Giaw 
377 tor 6 (60 Overs, B Harry 162. W Meha 
52t Israel 100 (39.4 overs, C AmM 5 for 
19). Papua Now Guinea won by 277 runs. 
Wroxatar end Uppteglo n. Holland 3Z7 for 
7 (60 overs. S Atkinson 107. R Gomes 
101); Hong Kong 64 for 3 (25 overs). 

overs, C Browne 57); USA 

fail to 
force win 

Two declarations, by Neale 
and Baiistow, failed to conjure a 
positive result at New Road, 
Worcester, yesterday, where 
Worcestershire, who had been 
asked to make 302 to win from a 
minimum of S3 overs fefl 56 
runs short at 246 for seven, in 
spite of a worthy attempt at 
making the runs by Hick and 
Neale. Yorkshire, had begun in 
the morning leading by 105 
runs, and after Moxon had hit 
82 and made the running in a 
total of 196 for four, the point at 
which Bairstow declared. Cuitis 
and D'Oliveira made aD the 
right noises in a bright start in 
which they made -56 in eight 
overs before D'Qliveira fell le* 
before to Sidebottom 

At Swansea, where Waprick- 
shire moved irrepressibly to 
their second championship suc- 
cess in a row. Gbunorgan bad 
been outplayed on all fronts. 
The seeds of a heavy defeat by 
284 runs had been propagated 
by Amiss in a splendid hundred 
on the first day and nurtured 
later by Small and Gifford. 
These two went on to play a 
major role, Gifford boasting a 
match analysis of seven for 59, 
and Small five for 100. Yes- 
terday, Gifford and Kerr, aged 
22 and a South African-born off 
spin bonder who took his chance 
well to take five for 47 in only 
his third championship match, 
shared in a small bowling 
triumph as seven wickets fell for 
39 runs in 1 1 overs. 

Warwickshire's batting had 
given the bowlers a fine 
opportunity, of course, and in 
setting Glamorgan a target of 
406 runs to wm, Kallicbarran 
had made a forceful 102 not out. 
hitting two sixes and ten fours, 
and there had been telling 
contributions, too, from Lloyd, 
Amiss again, and Parsons. 

Gloucestershire's victory 
against Kent, whom they beat by 
four wickets at Gloucester, bad 
been much the doing of Wright, 
whose vigilance as he piloted his 
side along an often difficult 
course enabled him to make 87 
of the 227 tuns Gloucestershire 
needed before bowing ooL 
Lloyds and the . 18-year-old 
Alleyne. who was making his 
first appearance, combined to 
hit off the winning runs. 

Resistance movement fails 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottingham- 
shire (2/pts) beat Middlesex (4) 
by 126 runs. 

' Nottinghamshire duly ac- 
quired the victory, almost in- 
evitable from the first day, 
which takes them into second 
place in the Britannic Assurance 
county champion ship, but 
Middlesex made them work 
mighty hard for iL Their de- 
pleted team, without six regulars 
through Test duties and injuries, 
resisted gamely until half past 
five. as. after Wednesday’s hor- 
rors. the Trent Bridge pitch 
again proved unreliable rather 
than unplayable. 

Beginning the day needing 
378 to win with two wickets 
already down, Z Middlesex vic- 
tory. was fer-feicbed. Only if 
Butcher were to find his form 
and play one of his big innings 
did it merit serious consid- 
eration. and even then others 
would have to play important 

In the event, the first part of 
the equation was quickly under- 
mined. Butcher was the first out 
in the fifth over of the morning, 
edging another low delivery u> 
Johnson, keeping wicket in 
place of Scott, who broke his 

By Peter Ball 

finger fending off Daniel in the 
first innings. That left Middle- 
sex free to pursue plan B. dogged 
resistance, a situation tailor- 
made for Radley, who set about 
the task as only he can. 

Hemmutgs and Such, both 
finding the bare rough outside 
leg-stump too tempting to be 
truly effective, were resisted 
watchfully with the firm forward 
push. Pick and Cooper were 
combatted in more individual 
style by the pogo shot, both feet 
airborne, and the bat taking his 
fell weight at the moment of 
impact, but still -in line to 
intercept the ball's path. 

His colleagues took their cue 
from the captain. At least until 
Cowans came to flash as if be 
did not understand the situa- 
tion. - Hughes. ' . the 

night-watchman, lasted 26 overs 
before falling at short leg.- Carr 
refused to . be inhibited, picking 
up the spinners through mid- 
wicket, ami even inspiring 
Radley to a forcing shot or two 
as he reached his fifty In 132 

Carr's approach, however, 
proved fallible, and his depar- 
ture persuaded Radley into an 
even more obdurate approach 

Roebuck and his men hold the fort 


Glamorgan v 


WarwrCkston (S4ptsf teat G lam organ (5} 
toy 284 runs. 

WARWICK SHIR E: First Innings 301 (0 L 
Amss 1 10, G W Hwnpags 55: J GThoras 
4 for 89) 

Second innings 

T A Uoyd c Oavns b Derrick 57 

GJ Parsons e Hotros t> Omong — , 47 

A I Katfcharran not out 102 

DL Amu c Holmes D Steele 48 

AsrfOtanotout ... 22 

Extras (to 6, wl.nb?) 14 

Tot* (3 win tec) 290 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-89. 2-137. 3-232. 

GLAMO R GAN: Rrat tarings 186 (R C 
Ortong 50; N Grfford 4 tar *2) 

S ec o n d tarings 

DePnAtecKaiMwranbSnal — 31 

H Monte 20 

G C Hotess b Kerr 2 

Yourts Ahmed st Hurapege b Kiri __ 35 

MPMaynSKfeAsH tint? Ken- 13 

*R C Ortong c Asf Ota b Kerr _ 3 

J FSteOtebGiftorcf 1 

J G Thomas not out 9 

J Derrick c Ferrara b Gifford — — 0 

TT Dawes c Lloyd b Gifford 0 

E A M os el ey cFterirab Kbit 0 

Extras (b4.fci.nb 2) __7 

Totf 121 

FALL OF WICKETS. 1-39. 2-50. 360. 4- 
85. 5-105. 6-112. 7-114. B-11& S-1 18. IQ- 
121 . 

BOWLING: SmeS 13-3-40-2; Parsons 4-2- 
124k Kerr 13^-2-47-5: Gifford 5-1-17-3. 
Umptts: M J Kitchen and P B WlgfiL 

Gioucs t Kent 


G buee ai er s tm (SQpts) tree Kant (6f by 

KENT: FfcW Innings 238 fG R Cowdrey 61 . 
C S Oowriey 51?P BeMridge 5 for 49) 
Second te^S5.113 (C A Wjjte 4 tor 29) 

GLO UCES TER SHIR E: Fi rat tari ng s 135 (T 
M Alderman 8 for 49) 

Second tantags 

A J Wririn c Tavare 0 Alderman 87 

AW Steroid e Alderman btenis — 40 

tfl C RuaxeB c Taylor b Aldermen „ 17 

KPTonSrabAldenwn 14 

P Bain&noge tew b Alderman 6 

KM Curran towbftam 23 

JWUqyds notout 13 

M W Ateyne not out 13 

Extras (B> 8. wl.nb 5) 14 

Tool (Mas) 227 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-75.2-105.3-150. 4- 
158.5201. 6-201. 

BOWLING: Alderman 264-06-4; Jams 
20*38-1: Underwood 22-7-35-0; Penn 

Umpires: J W Holder and K J Lyons. 

Second XI championship 

DERBY: Derbyshire H 389 for 7 dec; 
Nottngtamsnra ll 185 and 382 tor 8 (B 
Spragg 95 not out K P Evans 88. R J 
Evans SB). Match drawn. 

OVERSTONE PARK: Essex II 367 for 9 
dec and 152 (R G WBtems 4 for 42); 
Narttarapiarattra u 324 and 198 tar 4 (M 
H Goridsane 93). Norttampt m isrire won 

by 6 rockets. 

THE OVAL: Mtadtesax II 327 tor 9 dec and 
203IG D Rote 61: M A Fefflam 6 fv 75): 
Sum* II 330 tore dec and 90 for 4. Match 
d ra wn 

HOVE: ftenpsrira 8 300 for 9 tec and 200 
for 9 dec(frJ Scott 57. T C tfddtaton 54); 
Sussex II 224 and 129 tar 8(G P PtwSpson 
56 not out I J Chtwrs 4 for 30). MStcti 

LEAMNGTOffe Werroekehlre II 390 for G 
dec and 176 for 7 dec(S R Berwick 4 tar 
m (Samoraen fl 273 and 282 far 9 (A L 
Jones 85. J AHopkint 89: A J Motes 5 tor 
118). Match drevwL 


BASINGSTOKE: CtraBange match: 
Hampshire 249 (or 7 (40 overs: R A Smith 
75 not out D R Turner 00: A H Grew 4 tar 
52) v Burrav 239 (39.5 overs: G S CUrton 
won by 10 rune. 

TRTNOfc Interns 190 for 7: East Angfei 83 
for 3. Match town. 

Worcs t Yorkshire 


Wbrces torit+a<8fXs)dnwt*trYat1aHm 

YORKSHIRE First hirings 405 (A A 
Metoflfe 108. G Boycott 7$, P Canfc* 50 

Second tarings 

G Boycott fow b D'Ofivaira 38 

MD Moxon st Rhodes bHKri 82 

A A Metcste st Rhodes b Hick 17 

rb L Bairstow c Prktgecxi b D'Otroke 0 

K Sharp not ad 12 , 

J D Love not out 43 

Extras gbS. rill) 6 

Total (4 wfctsdac? 196 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-91,2-125.3-133. 4- 

BOWLING: Pddgeon M-17-0; Inchmora 
6-0-13-0; NeMOil 80-34-0; McEwan 7-2- 
230: Few WWW); D-Cteelra HHO-2: 
H #302*2. 

WORCESTERSHIRE: Rrst tarings 300 for 
2dec (T S Curts 122 not out DM Steffi 

Second Sims 

TSCurtsbhartey 57 

0 BO Ohreea tow D Sidebedom 22 

G A HUcc Bairstow b Hartley 60 

DMSnsthc Metcalfe b DBms 15 

*P A Neafe tow b Hanley 30 

DNpBRdbJarvtf 28 

JS J Rhodes bJsnris — 7 

0 JNevgjortnotout 16 

S M McEwan not out 5 

Extras (fa 24. w1.nb3) 28 

Toad (7 wktB] 246 

FA1L-GF WICKETS: 1-58. 260. 3-103. 4- 
164. 5-195. M08. 7-241. 

BOWLING: SUebotfora 13-1-57-1; Jarvis 
15.4-1-73-2; Derate 2031-1; Hartley 13- 
1-59-3; Carrfck 5-4-20, 

Umpires: R Petawr end A G T Wlteehead. 

Maru out 

Rajesh Main. Hampshire's 
left-arm spin bowler, will be 
out for three weeks after 
breaking the middle finger of 
his left hand. 

BATH: Somerset ( 4pts) drew 
with Northamptonshire (8). 

Northamptonshire, who in 
the morning were 99 for three, 
were all out after a cheerful 
swing for 195. Cook kept their 
end going while the others 
risked their lives against Marks 
and Palmer. Somerset were left 
to score 323 in 74 overs, or 
whatever the regulations might 
ultimately dictate. 

I did not think they had a 
chance but they did and they 
made a brilliant sun. Falton 
was out early, a good catch at the 
wicket on ihe teg-side, but 
Hardy was soon going well and 
Roebuck the Restrained was 
relaxing his austerity from time 
to time. Hardy hit Griffiths for a 
fine six over midwicket and 
Somerset hearts began to lift. 

The pitch never became really 
difficult but the bounce of the 
ball varied and wickets fell 
steadily throughout the after- 
noon. When Roebuck, who had 
played one of his best innings 


By Alan Gibson 

this season, passed Marks at the 
pavilion gates I- think the word 
was “hold the something fort**. 
Richards, who might have led 
the victorious sally, bad been 
caught at midwicket almost as 
soon as be went in. 

The weather, warm in the 
morning, grew cooler and wind- 
ier. The- handsome sponsors’ 
tents were deserted after the 
lunchtime celebrations. The 
crowd had dwindled in the chilL 
My whisky, in its plastic con- 
tainer, was blown over. Still, it 
has been a good week, and 
Marks and Davis duly held the 

NORTHAMPTONSWRE: FVet tarings 355 
tor 6 tec |D J Curt 103 not out D J WU 
65. R J Bdey 69) 

Second tarings 

*G Cook b MarVs ' 70 

W Larione tow Date — 0 

RJ Bowd-Mossc end b Palmar 37 

R J Ba*eV c BBtz b Palmer 1 

DJUWbDevte : — 29 

D J Capri c B6tz b Palmer 10 

R A Harper c Herdy b Pataier 11 

tSNVWatereon'cBUtzb Gamer — 11 



NGBCookb Marks 2 

MAMaBerttereFritfiambMartcs: — 4 

8 J Griffiths b Marts O 

Extras (b 4, to .12, nO 4) JO 

Total i 195 

FALL OF MOCKETS: 1-0, 265. £67. 4- 
129. S-146, 6-183. 7-161. 8-191. 9-195. 
BOWUNG:'Gamar 12-2-25-1: Davis 17-2- 
49* Printer 22-4-77-4; Maks 132-5-25- 

M AHritanflrc Fritham b Marks ; 
8 J Griffiths b Marks 

SOMERSET: First taring 228 (I V A 
Ricfiate 59, J J E Hardy s0) 

Second tantaga 

N A Fettonc Watertonb Mrilender — 5 
•PM Roebuck c Baley b N G B Cook 62 

J JE Hardy t> Harper. 50 

IVARtafnrtecNGBCoofcbGriffiths 0 

RJ Harden tow VMd 14 

B C Rose c Griffons b N G B Cook _ 34 

VJ Marks not out 35 

G V Primer cG Cook b Griffiths 0 

tR J B8tz tbw b M afi nn d or 0 

MR Deri* not out 21 

Extrasfb 10. to 8, w 1, nb 1) 20 

Total (8 wfcts) 241 

FALL OF VWCXETS: 1-8. 2-75. 378. 4-99, 
5-169. 6-182, 7-183, 8-200 
BOWLING: Mritander 15^5-44-2: Griffiths 
15-^62-2: Harper21-6-45-1: WW40- 13- 
1; Capri 1 1^*504): N G B Cuok 7-4-9-Z 
Uoplres: D R Shephard and J H Harris. 

wHM tarings: RJ8fitz.c NGBCookb 
MAM 15. 


MANX: Maraabonri weak (OB taSass ste- 
ad): Man tatenritenal (TO ariari: i. B 
Rotter (NZL 4tr 49mta 37WC rid 2. w 
Faenre ib*q and P Curan. 1mta-2tiec 
behnd Tmm: 1. New Zaarind. VStegTTOptnr 
GBarin, innaieecoarind: 3, D Cook, in» 
Ktec^behtad^TateM, GB Juri«, I9ptt 

BwitTUn. Iftr S7BTO 36 mct 2. I WrigW. 
ISmc berind; 3, R Power, same Sno. 
veteqmr mad raca W* a rink i, p 




^ i T "r 

Rugby league 

TOUR MATCH: Dante 22. Brtorii Upna 38. 


ROYAL WIN OS OH CUP: ftawtel tklril 
Kamtat fitabln 6,-SouMMd 5; Cowiray 
ftuk.7, Sataam -4 l Mridangnwe 6K. Lbs 
D irites amj & Body Step R ftaaersi 




Devil hole leaves ' 
players parched 

Ftam Mitchell Platts, Dublin 

. They stood on the 1 5th tee, 
aimed somewhere in the direc- 
tion of the Isle of Man, and 
waited in hope rather than 
much feilh for a charitable 
result as a wicked wind caused 
havoc in the CarroQs Irish 
Open Second round at Port- 
maraock here yesterday. 

Gales, gusting at times to 
more than 50mph, made 
matchmg the par of 72 as 
unfikdy as opening a shebeen 
without a stilL The only 
consolation for the players, as 
they wearily trooped off the 
jinks, was a welcoming gtess of 
Paddy Old Irish whiskey to 
diown their sorrows or cele- 
brate success, which on this 
occasion was to break 80- 

The 15th, a devil in disguise- 
at thebest oftimes, and one of 
the finest par threes in the 
world, helped to sabotage one 
card after another. 

Sandy Lyle, the Open cham- 
pion, and one of the most 
prodigious inkers in the 
game, smashed a driver, then 
a One-iron, then another one- 
iron to reach the sixth green as 
part of his 82. Four years ago, 
with the .wind blowing over 
his shoulders, he reached this 
60£yard monster with a driv- 
er and a six-iron! 

Robert Lee, the first round 
leader, had his problems there. 

He took sevea “It was rough 
left, rough left, rough left, 
green left, pitch, and two 
putts." Lee said. “Simpfe!” 
Lee remained in contention 
with 79, joining a dusttf oV 
players on 145, but Severiano 
Ballesteros completed a 75 for 
the lead on 143, which is one 
under par. As the conditions 
slightly eased, very, late in the 
day, so the scoring improved. 

Deane Beman, the US 
Commissioner of Golf, sur- 
vived the hallway cut with a 
79 for 153. Ballesteros, howev- 
er, is not amused by Beman's 
presence. The Spaniard ad- 
mitted: “I am very angry that 
he is playing- He does nothing 
for European golf He is 
reluctant to release American 
players. And he is taking away 
a root here from a ftiH-ume 
professional. That is unfair > 
because he is only really <us^ 

SCORES <GB Lrtess stated* 1 4* S 
Batesteros (Sp} 68, 75. 145c WRfley 
(Aust) 67, 78: R Lee 68, 79: M 
Bakxchi f5A)68. 75. lAfcRRattartv 
70. 7 & J-M Otazabal (Sp) 68, 7ft M 

77; H QarK 74. 7S; G Brand 71. 78. 


Lewis is laughing 

By Jenny MacArthmr 

than hitherto, his last 72 min- 
utes yielding only 64 runs before 
he lunged at Pick outside off 
stump, Birch taking a sharp 
catch at deep golly. 

Down ton inherited his man- 
tle tenaciously, surviving for 47. 
overs for his 53. hts first 
championship half century of 
the season, until Cooper finally 
beat bis forward defensive 
stroke to wrap things up. 

NOTTINGHAMSHRE: Rest Innings 192 (N 
G Cowans 4 for 22} 

Socond Innings 346 tor 4 rise tC E B Rios 
156 not out RT Robinson 57. J D Bin* 54 
not out) • *” 

MIDDLESEX: Hrat tantaos 135 (5 D Carr 
57: E E Hs>nmfogs4taM2) 

Second InnixiB 

KR Brown towb Pick - - - 4 

A J Timer tow b Cooper 6 

R O Butcher cJotroon b Pick 17 

GK Brown cRwidellb Such 3 

SPHu0ssc Randril b Such 26 

*CT Radley cBfcehbPk* 58 

3 DCarrbKenwntage ______ 31 

tPROownlonb Cooper 53 

ARC Fraser c Broad b Cooper 4 

NGCbwensbRIce 28 

Exkas (D lO. b 20, w 5. nb 6) ,_4 1 

Tofel 277 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10. 2«1. 348.4- 
BO. 5-159. 6-194, 7-202.3224, 3260. ID- 
277. • - . 

BOWLMQ: H k* 27-4252; Cooper 25.1- 
11-43-3: such 20-7-432: Hammings 32- 
1057-1; Rice 8-3-13-1. 

Umpires: D O Osieer and C Cook. 

Annette Leeds, aged 21, made 
an impressive start to the three- 
day Dubai Cup meeting at 
Hkkstead yesterday when she 
and the Dutch-bred Tutein won 
the opening Dubai Metropoli- 
tan Hotel Stakes from a high- 
class field of 66. Not even 
David Broome, who started 
showjumping before Miss Lewis 
was bom, could catth her time 
in the jump-off He finished 
third on Queensway Royale; 
Jean Germany took second 
place after two good rounds on. 
Whisper Grey. 

Miss Lewis's victory gave her 
and her sponsor. Owners 
Abroad Group, plenty to smile 
about. It was her biggest win to 
date — £2,500 — and rt also 
netted her sponsors a further 
£L200 from a bet they had 
placed on Tutein at 25-1. Hie 
victory also gave Miss Lewis 
reassurance that the 12 year-old 
gelding is back on form after 
being out of work for two 
months after a tendon injury in 
April. He missed competing in 
the British team at Rome and 
Lucerne. Last year Miss Lewis 
was a member of two Nations 
Cup teams — Prague and Por- 
tugal — and on both occasions 
scored a double dear round. 

In the seven-horse jump-off 
yesterday David Bowen and 
Boysie set the standard with a 
dear round in 47_53sec. Miss' 
Lewis,, wbo was second to go, 
derided to go inside the water 
fence in order to reach the big 
parallel at fence 11 and was 
rewarded with a time more than 

three seconds fester than Boysie. 
Only Miss Germany and Capt 
Gerry Mullins, of Ireland, on his 
world championship ride, 
Rockbarton, took a similar 

Michael Whitaker, who is 
likely to be named tomorrow as 
a member of the team for the 
world championships next 
month, had four faults at the 
first part of the combination on 
Next Warren Point. Two other 
likely team members foiled to 
reach the jump-offs. Nick Skel- 
ton. on Raffles Apollo, and dr 
John Whitaker, who dominated 
last week's Royal International 
Show by winning more than 
£20,000, on Next Hopscotch. 

The tight time also caught out 
Janet Hunter, on Everest 
Lisnamano, as well as the more 
experienced Peter . Weinberg, 
from West Germany, and Emil 
Hendrix, from The Nether- 

Helena Dickinson looked set 
to go into the jump-off until 
Raffles Just Malone suddenly 
ducked out at the second pan of 
the final fence and deposited his 
rider on the ground. It was 
undoubtedly a sneaky stop -~ he 
performed a similar trick at the 
Royal International — but the 
sharp beating that followed was 
not attractive to watch. 

RESULTS: Dubai MabopoStaa Hotal 
StatoK 1. TiMta M Lawta). 0 in 44n8MC; 

2. Wttepra Gray (J Gentian*). 0(n 45J0; li* 
Queenmoy FfoyaJe (0 Broome). Oils. 
4&JB5. Itabtoor EogtaMring El 
Stakes: 1, Spring Light (K 
77.45sac Z Parawmod rt e Hta e 

i hole W 
ers parch 



Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 


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S.4S J3pftn Uwvwaity. Urtifl 

8-30 The Saturday Picture 
Show presented by Marie 
Curry end ChefyiBaker. . 
Among the guests are ■ 
comedian Michael 
*’ Banymore andfladio V 

cfiscjockey Gary Davies 
who has tne latest pop- 
tz music news. 

&125$ Grandstand introduced by 
■ Stew aider. The hr®-up - 

is: 11.00,235 and £.06- 
Crfcfcet Second Te*L -._" 
Of the third ' '" 
in the match at 

y between 
and ftxfla; 14» 
News-sumnuuy; 1 . 1 S, 

2.05, 235 arid3.05 ■ 
Tennis; thB final of the 
pghington Glass Ladies' 

Championship: 1^5, Z2S 

and 235 Racing from - 
Aecob 430 international 

Show. Jianotog: the Rolls 

Royce Stakes from 
Htakstead; 430 FootbaSk 
a preview of toitight's 

world Cup quarterfinal 
-matches. ••/ 
A~54J5'Newawfth Jan Leemmg. 
it Weather 5.15 

■tet* Sport/Raglohal news. 

TheDukesof Hi 




like Morris 

by Mike to 
d Keys. Nc 

a SE C(U|». ^ fT '220 The-Dukes of Hazzard. Bo 
v .. and Luke and the rest of 

*- the Duke dan are ‘ 

■ ■-■rjL'ttjMt ■ cohoemed to find that 

c* Sheriff RoscoePCottrane 

•. ha^been replaced by a 
•fi? »\ robot Starring John _ 

*- '■ - 1 -- « Schneider, Tom Wopat 

•' “ wuil'aji i*J James Best SorreU Bo< 



James Best SorreU Books 
Daisy, Catherine Bach 

s is laughs, . 

»t Zrr.r\ 


:r *J fcttribj 
■*, 'mniaBip 
' - tfli* 

- '-iTpr'Tjij. «r . 
**, £. 

"He Uff i 

• • .V 5£ 

■'■ J * : " Pv-aTi 
•- *5^1 

Ronnie Corbett as 
a rhother-dominatad, 
middle-aged librarian. This 
week, the last in the - 
series, finds cor hero * 
concerned to - the safety 
of his father after the cat In 
which he was sleeping 
appears to have been 
reduced toihe size of a 
. istockcubebya 
* ' rrtechanical crusher. WWi 

Barbara Lott and WHDam 
Moore. (Ceefax) 
flfijCO WdiWCup Grandstand. 
Uvettwenqje of. the 
quarterfinal match at the 
Jafisco Stadium. 
Guadalajara, between 
BrazU and France. 

•i 9D0. News and sport With Jan. 

: Leemk^. Weather. • 
^9.15 The BobMonkhouse 

.<•>- - . Show. This week's guests 
■j\. -- are Les Dawson, The Roly 
Polys, and Canadian 
\ ..limpfessionist dim Carrey. 

y ' ;_jW. : 

. .... . -^9^ Cagney and Lacey. The 
*■■■-. two detectives discover 
... r^.: i*- - another side to the 

•*“** ^ •- m rtMnrrliu aHn rortlr- 



■ Starring SoaronGless arid 
~ Tyne, paly. 

• >10. 45 FBm; The Seven Par Gent 
Sohtfon 11976) Starring . 
Nieor Williamson, Robert 
Duval, Laurence Oftvief. 
and Alan Aridn. Dr Watson 
hires Sherlock Holmes to 


r c nr. 

lawyer as they 
; unravel the mystery. 

“ ig hls kiffing. 

n* : 

*■!.«; v,'i. 

• -i'.'sr.Ljt ' 

' • rr. sr 

.'■•.nr 1 

Vienna where be hopes 
h wfflbe 

thefamous sfetdh wUI be 
treated for Ws cocaine . 
addictibn by the famoOsT 

Sigmund Freud. Whist '. 
:toere:tbe Baker Street ' ' 
brace stumble on another 
mystery. Directed by . • • 

■ Herbert Ross. ' 

’ ^ JfMS.Wmtfher. . 

-i- *> 

GJiS Good 
-- introduced 
.' at7J6and 

report T^sportef 7.10. 
7 JO The Wide Awake dub 
indudes animal expert 
. Jimmy McKay with advice 
ymd lpmi Jcs and dwarf 


9l 25 Gat Fresh! at Caicbester 
Zoo where among the - ■ ' 

. guests is vet David Taylor 


■ Sdenoe fiction series. 

12.00 News. 

M 3L05 WraetBng. Two bouts 

from Banwsaa Town HaB. 

1.00 Fkm; The Undefuted ' 
(1969) starring John 

Wayneend Rock Hudson. 

• Post-American Chdl War 
drama about two colonels, 
one from the Confederate 
side, the other from the 
Union forc8S.iwho can a 
truoe in order to fight 
Mexican bendns end 
French cavalry. Directed 
. by Andrew V McLaren. 

3.00 bitemetfonaiAtMetieB. 

The Kodak AAA 
Championships from 
Crystal Palace. 

4-50 News. . 

4J55 Robin of Sherwood. 

Episode one of a two-part 
adventure in which the 
merry men decide to help 
the villagers of Wickham 
who are facing starvation 

. after King John’s men 

ransack the community on 
toelr way to fight the 
. . Welsh. 

5J50 The Magic of David 

Copperfiekl. A showcase 
tor the talents of thQ 
extraordinary magician. 

6.45 The Price Is Right Game 

7.35 F3m: Diagnosis Murder 
11 974) starring 
Christopher Lee. Mystery 
thriller about the 
disappearance of a 
psychiatrist’s wife. The . . 
policeman on the case 
discovers, the husband has 
been having an affair with 
his secretary, and then an 
anonymous mttar arrives 
accusing the husband of 
murdering his wife. . 

Di rected by Sidney 
' Hewers. 

9.20 Shades of Darkness: The 
Demon Lover. Dorothy 1 
• Tufin and:Robert Hardy. 
When Keith Cameron 
leaves to fight in the First 
'' World War, Kathleen vows 
tffet whatever happens 
they will meet again. 

1020 Newa-andsporttoSowed 
by LWT news headUoee. 

1035 World Cup 88. Live 

coverage otthegame in 
‘ Monterrey between 
.Mexico and West 
'Germany. . • -. , . 

1J» FfcicTha Sftcta (1979) 

Kqnnaft Heigh and 
, Carolyn Seymour. Jef* 
setting maiveater, 
Fontaine Khaled. is 
•' ’ - unaware that axflamcwd 
ring has bean placed in 
hercoatassha passes 
" through Heatfvpw' 

customs after flying from 
New York. So beginning a 
series of mott/bed-bound 
. . adverflores. Effected by 

• • .' GehyO’Harat-' • 

^35 ffiflht Thoughts: ■■ 

Real-life motiier and 

as mother and daughter In 

BBC 2 


O^w Urivwsky. Until 

2J00 FBm: I Live ki Grosvenor 
Square* (1945) starring 
Anna Neagle. Rax 
Harrison and Dean 
dagger. Romantic drama 
about a young woman 
who is tom between the 
love of two mea Directed 
by Herbert WHcox. 

3^0 Larami*. Lew Ayres guest 
stars in this ephrode. He 
plays the role of a doctor 
with a past who is forced 
into operating on tha badly 
wounded son of a 


powerful rancher, (r) 


Second Test The 
final session of the third 
day's play. 

&20 Horizon: The Goddess of 
the Earth. A repeat of last 
Monday's programme 
which examined the 
controversial theory of Dr 
James Lovelock that life 
itself manipulates the 

7.10 ftmrtflew. With Jan 

Leotting and Moira Stuart 

7 JO Orkney Premiere, 

introduced by Sally 
Magriusson from the 


Magnus Festival, Kirkwall. 
A Hve performance, 
simultaneously broadcast 
with Radio 3, of a 

midsummer concert 
featuring the first 
performance of Peter 
- Maxwell Davies's VfoUn 
' Concerto played by Isaac 
Stem with the Royal 
Philharmonic Orchestra, 
conducted by Andre 
Previn. This is preceded, 
at 990, by Mendelssohn's 
Overture: The Hebrides 
(Fingers Cave). Part two, 
at approximately 9.10, 
begins with Vaughan 
Williams's Fantasia on a 
theme by Thomas Tallis 
followed by 

Mendelssohn's Scherzo, 
Nocturne and Wedding 

990 Cricket Second Test. V 
- Highlights of the third 
- day's play. 

1IL20 Fwk Thunderbolt end • 

Eastwood and. 
Bridges. Thriller, set In 
Montana, about a bank 
robber who iis befriended 
by a young drifter. The ffim 
markedthe directorial 
debut of Michael Qrrtipo. 
12.10 International Teiinis. 

Highlights of the PHklngton 
Glass ladies' 
Championship firtaL Ends . 
at 1.05. . ' ' . • 

NEfc proroamme times after the 
Orkney Premiere are - 


1JOO Eco. This week's «Stion of 
the environmental 

magazine series axamines 

, how waste is wasted. 

4 1JZ5 Birds of Britain: The 

Secret Reeds. A portrait 
of the rich variety of 
birdUfe to be found In a 

1S5 FBoi: The Greet Victor 
Herbert* (1939) starring 
Allan Jones and Mary 
Martin. A musical tribute to 
foe Irish-bom Broadway 
. composer. Directed by 
Andrew Stone. 

340 Fibre WMstBng in the 
Dark* fl 941) starring Red 
Skelton and Conraoveidt 
Comedy about a radio 
criminologist who Is 
kidnapped by a gang of 
clairvoyants who want Itim 
to dewse the perfect 
murder. Directed by S 
Sylvan Simon. 

5.05 BfOoksfde-dKOracfe) 

6.00 Right to Reply. People to 
People's Unoer toe Health 
Service Is accused of 
being a thWy disguised 
political tract posing as a 
programme on health fn 
Northern Ireland. 

6j 30 Streets Ahead. 

Programme four of toe 
five-part modem dance 

7.00 News summary and 
weather loUowad by The 
Sons of Abrehara. Part 
three - the story of the 

7-30 Flight of the Wind Horse. 
Two giant high altitude 
balloons flyover 
Katmandu atnd toe footoffls 
of the Himalayas towards 
toe summit of Everest 

8.30 Pottwy Lades. This 
fourth and final part of the 
series features toe work of 
Susie Cooper, (r) (Oracle) 

300 The Sceriet Letter. The 
penultimate episode of tha 
dramatized version of 
Nathaniel Hawthorne's 
novel set m 1 7th century 
Puritan Boston. 

1000 HHI Street Blues. FuriBo's 
fife is made hefl by a 
veteran polioe Beutenant 
whose daughter is 
and stabbed- (Oracle] 

11.00 Film: BiByBudd- (1962) 
starring Peter Ustinov, 
Robert Ryan and Terence 
Stamp. Peter Ustinov's 
Version Df Herman ■ 
MehriUe's classic tale of a 

••• young.- Itth century - — * 
seaman whose innate > 
goodness and 
seamanship earns him the 
respect of all Ns 
shipmates- except the 
sadistic master-at-arms- 

fU^io 1:1053klto28Sm^pe8kfte/275in; Radio 2: 693kHj 
. fladto 4: 200kHz 1500m; VHF -92^5; LBCTf1S2kHz/261in: VHF 97U 
^J458kHz/206m:VHP 94* Warid SatvteB MF 648kHz/483m. 

— — : — ■ — . ' — 

Hadto 3fc 1215kHz/247tn: VHF -00- 

194m: VHF 95A BBC Ratfo London 

.. - 

. : j- * - • :S - 

r r 

• • ' 


* f- .“Radio 4 ) 

^3n long wave. VHF variatipns-at 

5J5 Shipping &00 News Briefing. 
<■ - 6.10 prnude. Music - 
.. selected by Michael Ford (s). 

- 630 News; Farming. 340 . 

. Prayer (st 6 j 55 Weather; 

. Travel . 

« 7J». News. 7.1D Today's 
Papers - - 

7.15 On Your Farm meets 
. British families who are :• 
trying to become part of toe 
French agricultural . 

'• community 

7.45 to Perspective- Re5gious 
. , . ' affairs (with Rosemary 

. . ■ - - NarttO 

. . < r-7>50 Down to Earth. 7.55 

—...«*§?“■* Weather. Travtf 

News. 8.10 Today's 
-•■!* ; st aS < . Papers. 

.. 315 Sporton4 

,l * • • r .348 Yesterday in Parliament • 

' 'l-*r8S'i 357 weathsq. Travel 

*S=rS‘'- 9.00 .News. 

— — TV - -.^305 Breakaway. A Gatide to 

holidays, with Simon. 

*-• Bates- •- - 

-iff 350 News Stand John " 

, , — - — Sweeney revfewtha 


- -ssv: 

= v:? 


1005 The Week 5i Westminster 
with Robert Carvel of 
The London Standard : 
4330- Loose Ends with Ned 
Sherrin and his studio 
team inducting Robert Bms 
and Victoria Mather 
11130 From Qur Own . 

Corraspondtnt Lhe and 
politics abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 
l&OO.ftews: Money BOX- With- 
tot ri se BOtttig.- 
1327 tha News Qtfe. With . 
BffiTyTook. Richaril . : 
Ingrebts, Alan Carervand . . 
? o^rs (s) 1355 Weather .< 
1.00 News 

1:10 Any Questions? with 1 

Shirley WUliarhs. Norman ' . 
St John-Stavas MR. 

.Gomalna Greer and 
Crive Jenkins- From Rugt^- 

200 r News; The Afternoon 
Play. The Tinker's 
. Daughter by Patrice Cteplin. 
* witfiDeborah . ■ - 

Makepeace. Richard - 
Pascoe. Barbara Leigh- • - 
Hunter) • 

330 News: Travel: Rainbow's 
i End.TheNpwtraveHor5 ' 
ol Rainbow '/wage. . 

4*00 Tha Satixttey Feature: 

The Countryside in 
Summer. Wynford Vaughan- 

- ' 

. v4*: 

rr. ‘ . Thomas 

345 Feedback Christopher 
. Dunkteyfoflowsup 
r fatenera' comments on toe 

300 The UvingWoiid. Wlto 
: Derek Jones and hss 


-525 week Ending. Sntiitsi 
review of the week 's . 

nevre, 350 Shipping 
_ . Forecast iK Weather 
'6J» News: Sports Rowtd^s 
fiJH Stop the Week wHh 

Robert RobmsoaA song 

*’ iw Instart Sunshine M 
7 JO Safuntey.Mght-Thsab^ 
Charity il* Home byDava 
Simpson. VWth Robert ^ 
Keegan as the funrh-. 

O \ ^ 

330 Baker'S DdzenRtoiffltt- ■ 

■ Baker with recortfe fi). . ' . ‘ 
950 ThriHeriShadowpra- : " ■ 
Doubt by June Thnmson. " 

. . read by martin Jarvis (final 

episode). 358 Weather 
1300 News 

1315 Evening Service (a) . 

1330 Soundfims. 

11.00 Horae Science. John 
Oaksey reports on the 

ptontonng work iof the 
Animal Hratth.Trustin 
treating Injured horses like 
M« Reef. . 

11 JO The Cabaret Upstairs. 

. Some of the top acts to - 
be found on the London . 

.. cabaratdrcutt (s) 

1 2M NewsjWeather. t2J3 

VHF {aw^tem England and 
B. Wales only) as above except 
5J54LOOam Weatheq TrveL 
1 -55-ZOOpm Programme News. 
4JO-6-0O Options: 4JOO Nursing 
Jtistory. 4J0 Victorian Values. 5.00 
SoYou WantTo Be A Writer. 

5J0 Dead Men Do Tell Tales. 

( Radio 3 ■ ; ) 

On meefium wave.- VHF variations 
from 635am to 355am, . 
and between HJOam end 6.35pm 
355 WSather. 7 M News 

7.05 SaktfSaeos'i 

• - - seffiretii 

- FQppusoprandX Rossini 
(Sonata No 6 for string . 

■ - orchestra), Ttavet (Onone. 

Gaspardde la - -• • 

. witAshkenazy. piano), : :« 
Purcell (Crown the Attar 
Klrkby^oprano). Pbutenc 
Konata;Gervaise de 

- Peyecctarinet Wifflanr 
Waterhouse, bassoon) ... 

. , wpgner (SiMfned klyfl), . .. 
BamosLStudyand • . 
Prelude, John WBfiams. 

- gurtar). Monteverdi 
roaUetio de la bellezza},. ' • 

. . Schoenberg (VeridartB 
. . Nacht). 300 News 
305 Fteoord Review: mdudes .. 
JoanGKssaU's.' •• •_ 

comparison of recordings of 

Chopin’s Plano Sonata 
No 3. Introduced by Paul •• 
1315 Stereo . .. - 

Release: Prokofiev 

- - (Sonata No 2 fn.D minor. Op 

,14:Beroff. piahO), ~ 

Tchaltov^(Syn)|3honyfilb ' 

1355 Jtorar^Testeiglaiyi y- 
India. Coverage qf the 

-• gamecominueson ■■ 

. , . niaiilpn tfm’eurjlif - - 
■ ' 6J5pwi Tfte offer r • : 

Radio ^programmes . .. 
v siviicJi io VHFuntil fiJJ 

- 335 Organ music: Nicholas 

_ Danby plays works by J 

. CKitteLGAHomWus^nd J 
L Krebs- From Hofldrche, 

7i05 PartWan/Mlne/Ftemlng 
. Trio: Dvorak (Piano Trio 
in F minor. Op 65). Ireland 
(Piano Trio No 2) 

300 St Magnus Festtvai 1 986: 
from Kirkwall, Orkney. 
Royal Philharmonic (under 
Prevki).with Isaac Stem, 

Cave), I 

(Viofln Concerto, first 


350 Thq Exiles: verse by lain 
Crichton Smith, read tw 

toe poet himself 
310 St Magnus Festival: part . 
two. Vaughan WWiams 
{Fantasia son theme of 

Tallis). Mendelsohn (A 
Midsummer -Night's Dream). 
Also or BBC2 
3J0 Shett ol Surpassing 
Brightness: Arabic . 

iwi. The readers are 

Phip Sufiy and AN Raise 
1315 Alban Berg Quartet: 
Beethoven (Quartet NIB 
flat major. Op 18 NO 6). 
Debussy (Quartet in G 
minor) - 

1110 Dierrich Fischer-Dieskau 
and Hartmut Holt ■ 
baritone and piano rectal 
i works toy 

Includes i 

: toy Berg 


grauen. Op13No3). 

^ducting Wamung, Op 3 No 

— 1 11.57 News . 1300 • 

VHF variations: 


: — - -withJanet Baker and 

■ '• . - Rktoard Lewis- - 

' -SdhuberfiUnfinished 
’ .^mphony). Mahler (Das 
*. Lied von oer Erde). 103 

.105 Consort of Muskike: . 
works tty Monteverdi. 

Luca Marendo. and • 

■ ’ Sigismond o d'tn dia 


Pater Donohoe frtiano). 

Beethoven (Sonata in C, Op 
' 53), Tippett (Sonata No 

■ .4).^ ... .... :• ' - 

300 Engfish Chamber 

OrSiestra: Handel . 

• - . (Concerto a due cori, No 2ui 

■ 'F).Sp6ljr (Clarinet 

Concerto No-4), Dvorak 

. ■ (Serenade in D mtncv% 

_ Haytto (Stnlonla Concertartte 
- -- ' ^rauss.tOboe. . ; 

54)0 Jaz 2 Record Requests: 

AiUn Jones [and Maiy M*rtm:ntfCJdtai»eJ4. at lS5pm 

with Peter Clayton 
545 Gntics' Forum: inchidas 
comment on toe Vanessa 
Redgrave season at toe 
Haymarket in London. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
lor VHF variations. 

News on.toe half hour until 
1 -OOpmttoen 3413 303 74)0 and 
hcxirty from 1 303 HeadHnes 
630afn, 723 World Cite reports at 
1D4Rpnt, 1205am, 1.02. 

Cricket Scoreboard 730pm. 

4410am Dave Bussey (s) 6410 

Steve Trueiova (at 84)5 David 
Jacobs (s) 104X) Sounds of toe 
60s (s) 11,00 Album Tune with 
Peter Clayton (s) 14XJpm 
Barrymore Phis Four. (Michael 
Barrymore). 130 Sport on 2 
including Cricket (Second Test) 
Athletics (Kodak aaas 
C hampionship). Tennis (PBkington 
Glass Championships) and 
Racing from. Ascot 200 Jimmy 
Young Presents Two's Best 
7.00 Spinners and Friends (Cliff 
Hal Hugh Jones. Tony Davis. 

Mick Groves and John McCormick). 
7 JO Radio 2 Festival of Music 
from the.FaiiftaW Hafi, Croydon, 
bid 330-850 Malcolm Layraclc 
plays Glenn Miller 104)5 Martin 
Kekter (s) i3Kam Night Owls 
with Dave GeBy(s). 1.00 Jean 
ChaHis presents NigMride (s). 
3410-400 A Utile Night Music (S). 

( Radiol ) 

On mertium wave: VHF 
variations at end. 

News on (he half hour until 

1330pm, then 24)3 333 333 

723 330, 1300 midnight. . 

30C«m Mark Page 300 Peter 
PoweU 1300 Dave Lee Travis 

My%p ^URory Brwnoer talks to 
Andy Peebles (s)34» The ‘ - 
American Chart Show. 5430 . 

Concert (s)7O0 Simon Mayo. 900- 
1300 The MUnigtrtRunnera - 
Show with Dixie PMCh. VHF 
RADIOS 1 ft 2- 4410am As * 

Radio 2 1 .OOpm As Radio 1. 7Jto> 
400am As Radio 2. - - - 


400 Nswsdeafc430 Marldwh 74J0 Maws 

7.09 TWomy-Fou’ Hours 7 JO From the 

Waoktas 7.45 lAolaoon 4W News I4» 

Reflections 615 A My Good Show 100 

News 809 flaww of Br»i ! ‘Ji Press 615 

World Today 630 Financial News 645 

About Britain 1600 News 1301 Herat 

Humph! 1615 Letter from America’ 1630 

People and- Politics 114)0 News-1l4)9 

News About Bntan 11.15 Sportsworid 

tL30 Meriden 1300 Redo Newsreel 

1315 ArytNng Goes H*5 Sports Rbund* 

op t.M News IJJfi Twanty-tour Hows 

1.30 Saturday epesU £J» News 301 

‘sturdey .Spedw 600 Redo News re el 
,16 Saturday Special' 400 News 415 
Saturday Special 645 Sports; ~ 

600 News TOO TweMy-F<xx hours . 
Tnbuta to Benny Goodman, by Akszsk 
COtikBL 600 News 601 eportarwrid 615 

Whet's New 630 People end Pofecs 

1600 News 1609 From aw own Corre- 

spondent 10)30. New ideas 1640 Reflec- 
iions 1645 Soons Roundup riJQ n ows 

114)9 Commentary A Perfect 

iiJD -Haflywoods Oscar NWn 
News tide News About Bmain 1315 

Ratfio Newsraat13a0 Baker's Had Deaen 

IjOQ News IjOI Ptayr The Dissolution of 

Marcus FWsfflii«n2J» News 30B Review 

Ot DM SriMh pre» 2is SpomworU 330 

AKwm Tunc 3J» New* 349 News About 

• Britem 61S ftomour own Corospononei 

446 hefledfons 450 Ftqancta] Review 

54» Ne*» 54»Twanty-taLa HoureSLAS 

teller J=iwa American. Jut tones in QMT. 

Regional Tl : facing page 

BBC 1 

350 OpenUrriverstty. Until 

355 Ptay School, presenteef by 
lain Lawtotan. CWoe 
Ashcroft and Jane Hardy, 
(r) 9.15 Aslan MagazJne. 
Raymond Head discusses 
with Mona Khanna toe 
influence of tndian art and 
architecture txi toe West 
9-*5 Sunday Worship from St 
Lawrence Jewry, 
celebrating toe 40th 

anniversary ol Mencap 

1030 The Great Ratece 
The Story of Partament 
The first of eight 


the scenes at 

Westminster Jr) (Ceefax) 
1150 Micro Fife. 

Highlights from too recent 
Micro Uve series 11.45 
Tbe Learning Machine. 
Computers in education. 

i=Lnfly Itiwtory. Gordon 

Honeycombs concludes 
Ns series cm tracing his 
famfiy tree, fr) 1335 
Famung. An ex-patriot 
Frenchman, living in 
Somerset believes that 
snail fanning cotad 
became a profitable 
business 1258 Weedier. 

14)0 News headlines 14)5 
Bonanza. Joe, on the traQ 
of a missing, key witness 
in a trial, finds tribulations 
of his own. (r) 1-55 
Cartoon 200 EastEnders 
(r) (Ceefax) 

3,00 The Circus Worid 

Championmhlps. From the 
Big Top. Torbay, the gold 
medal competitions in tha 
High Wire and Juggling 
disciplines, (r) 

400 FBm: Pandora and the 
Flying Dutchman (1951) 
starring James Mason end 
Ava Gardner. Drama, 
based on a 16 th century 
Dutch legend, about a sea 
captain sentenced to roam 
foe seas unless he can 
find, during tea once in 
seven years visits to the 
mainland, a woman who 
wflJ die for him. Directed by 
Albert Lewin. 

300 Home on Sunday. The first 
of a new series, and Cliff 
Palace. Canterbury, to taft 
to The Most Rev Robert 
Runcie. (Ceefax) 

325 News with Jan Learning. 

345 World Cup Grandstand. 
Live from the Azteca 
Start urn, Mexico City, the 
quarterfinal match 
between England and 

94)0 M as termind. The last 
semi-final and the 
specialist sutaects are: the 
ptaysof Schiller; toe life 
and rate 

operas of Gilbert and 

920 Thafs Life. Consumer 
affairs series presented by 
Esther Rantzen. 

1310 News with Jan Learning. 


1325 Choices. In the first 
programme of a new 
series Rabbi Julia 
Neuberger asks Bamber 
Gascoigne. Gerald 
Priestland, waiter 
Schwartz and Bishop 
Maurice Wood aboutthe 
choices faced when 
embracing religious belief. 
114)5 Fifty Years On. Four - 
couples, celebrating their 
Golden Wedding 
anniversaries, look back 
over their lives. 

11.45 Weather. 


355 Good Monting Britain 

ins with 'A Thought for 
a Sunday'; 74)0 Are You 
Awake Yet?; 7.25 Cartoon; 
7.50 WAC Extra; 210 Jerti 
Barnett's Pick of the 
Week: 327 News 

330 Jonathan Dknblaby on 


225 Wake Up London with 
toe Vicious Boys. 9.35 
- Woody and Friends. 
Cartoons 245 Roger 
Ramjet Cartoon. 

104)0 Morning Worship from toe 
Parish Church of St 
Andrew's, Chippenham, 
Wills hire 11.00 Link. 
Rosalia Wilkins talks to Vic 
FinkeJstein, a leading 
figure in the Disability 
Movement 11^0 Uve and 
Learn. Donny O'Rourke 
joins a group of catering 
trainees at a residential 
centre in Renfrewshire. 

124)0 Jobwateh from Hamburg 

to see how the Germans 
train toetr shop assistants 
1230 Take 30: Bloodfine. 
The story of toe some 
10.000 babies who were 
left behind for various 
reasons when toeir 
mothers became Gl 

14)0 Police 2 1.15 The Smurfs. 
Cartoon (r) 1.30 Small 
Wonder. American 
comedy series about a 
household that boasts a 

2430 Revelations. Eric Robson 
talks to Janet Brown about 
the tone she discovered an 
enormous hidden strength 
that transformed her life. 

230 LWT News headlines 
followed by Fflm: Against 
a Crooked Sky (19/6) 
starring Richard Boone. 
Drama about a young boy 
who enlists the help of an 
old trapper in his search 
for to sister who has 
been captured by a band 
of Red Indians. Directed 
by Earl Bellamy. 

44)0 Worid Cup 86 Sport 

Special introduced by 
Brian Moore. A preview of 
tonight's remaing Worid 
Cup quarterfinal matches; 
and the action from an 
athletics meeting in 

54M The Campbells. Drama 
seria) about a Scottish 
family who emigrate to 
19 th century Canada. 

5J0 Albion Market 

300 News. 

310 Winner Take AH 
presented by Jimmy 

340 World Cup 86. Live; the 
quarterfinal match in the 
Azteca Stadium. Mexico 
City, between England and 

200 Dempsey and 

Makepeace. Tha two 
special agents m another 
adventure. Starring 
Michael Brandon and 
Giynis Barber, (r) 

1300 News. 

10.15 Alfred Hitchcock 

Presents _The (Soaring 
Place. An television 
reporter becomes 
involved m tracking down 
toe killer of a schoolgirl. 
10.45 World Cup 86. Live 

coverage of trie game in 
. Puebla Detween Belgium 
and Spain. 

1.00 approximately Night 


John Mills and Donald Sindea m Above Us tbe Waves, tbe story of 
tbe attack on tbe battles hip Tirpitz (Channel 4, 10.15pm) 


BBC 2 

\ university. Until 

155 Sunday Grandstand, 
introduced by Steve Rider 
from toe traditional pre- 

The line-up i& Cricket a 
John Player Special 
League match between 
Northamptonshire and 
Yorkshire at Luton; 
International Show 
jumping: the Dubai Cup 
from Hlckstead; FootbaR: 
a preview of tonight’s two 
remaining Worid Cup 
quarterfinal matches; and 
Boxing: Barry McGuigans 
preparations as he trains 
fortes Worid 
Featherweight title 
defence, the bout to be 
shown live on BBC early 
on Tuesday morning. 

650 Foley Square. American 
comedy series set in a 
Nemr York district 
attorney's office. Alex, 
depressed at toe thought 
of her 30to birthday, feces 
more gloom when the 
murder case in which she 
is the prosecutor looks as 
if toe verdfot wtU go toe 
way of the defendant 
Starring Margaret Colin. 

7.15 The Worid About UK On 
the Ralb, Off the Rails. 
Faiktands War artist Linda 
Kltson, lets the train taka 
the strain as she travels 
the transcontinental 
Canadian Pacific Railroad 
a century after her great 
grandfather. Lord 
Strath cona, hit the last 
spike in toe final sleeper of 
the track. (Ceefax) 

3(0 Favourite Things- The first 
of a new series and 
Richard Baker talks to 
comedian Ronnie Corbett 
about the things in his life 
that give him toe most 
pleasure. (Ceefax) 

335 Who am 1 This Time? A 
comedy, based on a short 
story by Kurt Vonnegut Jr., 
starring Susan Sarandon 
and tiie Oscar-winning 
Christopher Walken, about 
a career woman who 
meets a painfully shy man 
who drops ail his 
inhibitions when 
performing amatew 
dramatics. Directed by 
Jonathan Demme. 

230 Grand Prix. Highlights of 
the Detroit Grand Prix. 

10.10 FOnu Badlands (1974) 

starring Martin Sheen and 
Sissy Spac8k. Chilling 
drama about a young man 
who cokf-bioodedly 
murders his girlfriend's 
father. The two of them 
head for Montana, tearing 
a trail of other, bodies , 
behind them. Directed by 
Terrence Maiick. 

11.40 fntematkmal Show 

Jumping. The Dubai Cup 
from Hfekstead. Ends at 
12 JO. 


1.10 Irish Angles - Patterns. 

The skill of Ken 
Thompson, a stone carver. 

155 The Maktog of Britain. 

How Britain's empire 
expanded in the 18 th 

200 tods’ Kafe.ChiWren 
.prepare nutritious food. 

2L30 FBm: Music for Mfflians" 
(1944) starring Margaret 
O'Brien and June AUyson. 
Sentimental musical about 
a young woman who is 
looking after her sister, a 
singer in Jose tturbi's 
band- Directed by Henry 

4.45 DurreW m Russia. Gerald 
and Lee Durrell. continuing 
their Russian wildlife 
safari, visit the Berezina 
Reserve in the 
Byelorussian Republic. 

215 News summary and 

weather followed by The 
Future of Things Past 
The first of two 
programmes examining 
Britain's traditional 

6jOO The Apple. An animated 
filmabout a man having 
problems picking an apple 
from a tree. 

315 Maids and Madams. An 

Intelligent documentary 
about toe relationship 
between South African 
white mothers and the 
black maids who look after 
their children and toe 
household, (r) 

7.15 Spirit of Whitby. Tom 
Vernon is the guide on a 
tour of toe North Yorkshire' 
fishing town, (r) 

8.15 PeopTe to People: In the 
National Interest What is 
happening to the British 
way of life? And what is 
toe 'national interest'? 

315 Country Matters: The 
Watercress Girl, by ■ 
A.ECoppard- Susan 
Fleetwood and Gareth 
Thomas star in this drama 
about a young woman 
who constantly refuses to 
marry her lover. In despair 
toe man turns to another 
with tragic consequences. 

1215 Flbm Above Us the 
Waves* (1955) starring 
John Mills. Second Worid 
.. War drama about an 
attack by midget 
submarines on the 
German battleship Tirpitz. 
Directed by Ralph 

124)5 Film: From the Four 
Corners' (1941) A 
propaganda documentary . 
in which Leslie Howard 
shows London's past to 
an Australian, a New 
Zealander, and a~ 
Canadian. Directed by 
Anthony Havelock- Allan. 
Ends at 12^5. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 

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Weather; Travel 

7.00 News. 7.10 Sunday 
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Ghar Samajhlya. 7.45 Beits 
on Sunday. 7-50 Turning 
Over New Leaves. 7.55 
Weather. Travel. 

300 News. 310 Sunday 
- Papers 

315 Sunday. With Cave 

350 Sir Michael Beethaqi 
appeals on behalf of the 
Polish Air Force Association 
Benevolent Fund. 355 
.Weather: Travel 

600 News. 9.10 Sunday 

215 Letter from Amenca. by 
Alistair Cooke 

9J0 Morning Service from 
Castfehokf Safest 
Church, trie of Wight 
1215 The Archers, Omnibus 

11.15 Hck Of The week. 

1215 Daslrtlsiand Discs? 

Michael Paridnson talks 
to retired racing driver Jackie 
Stewart (s). 1255 

14)0 The World This .. 

Weekend: News. 1.55 

200 News: 

Question Time. 

230 The Afternoon Play. 

Churchy. With 1 
Bryant and Sheila AUen. 

3-30 Enterprise. Marjorie 
Lofthouse meets the 
Flight Data Company, last of 
toe finalists in Radio 

Times' competition for the 
most enterprising smaB 
business of tha year. 

44)0 News: The Food 

Programme with Derek 

4 JO Tta Natural Htetoty 

programme- Why Frogs' 
legs in English restaurants 
cause famines to Engtteh 

5.00 News: Travel 

5 05 Down Your Way. Brian 

Johnson vista Saffron - 
Walden m Essex. 5£0 
Shipping. 355 Weather 
300 News ■ 

315 File on Four. A special . 
ecfltion devoted to the * 
issue of South Africa. 

sanctions. - 

7.15 Travel; The Man Who 
Was Thursday by G.K. 
Chesterton. Conclusion of a 
four-part dramatization, 
starring Michael Hadley as 

- Gabriel Syme(s) 

315 Bookshelf 

230 Mr Mane Uoyd. Profile of 
music haM star Alec 
Hurley, whose marriage to. 
Mane Uqyd broke tip at 
the haraht of their careers 
300 News: A. Word in 

Edgeways (new series) 
Patriotism is discussed by . 
Bnan Redhead. Beryl 
. Batobndge. Paul Barker and. 

- Tom Braun. • 

230 Uw in Action (new 

series) with Joshua 

Rozenbera. 355 Weather: 


104M News: Spanish Election 
Special. Live coverage 
from Madrid of today's 
Spanish general election. 
11.00 Seeds offaith; Baptism 
by Blood. Teresa 
McLean tells the story of 
Pastor Chang, the 
Chinese pnest martyred fr) 
the aftermath of toe 
. Boxer Rising. 

11.15 In Committee. The work 
of Parliament's Select 

124» News: Weather. 1233 

VHF (available m England and 
S. Wales orrty) as above except 
355-&00am Weather Travel. 

7.00- 84)0 Open University: 7.00 
Maths Foundation Tutorial 7420 
Rousseau and the Enlightenment 
7.40 Language and Authority. 

I. 55-24)tijMn Programme News. 

4.00- 64)0 Options: 4.00 The 
Oldest AUy. [Portugal) 430 Looking 
into Europe. 54M Woridmakers. 
330 Get by In Portuguese. 

C Radio 3 ) 

On mertum wave. VHF variations at 
end ol Radio 3 Isi 
355 Weather. 7.00 
74)5 Occasional Mozart Six 
German Dances. K 567. 
Serenade in E flat K 375, 
and Serenade in D. K 
320. Also works by Prokofiev 
(Sonatina in E minor Op 
. 54 No 1: Sandor. piano: and 
Sonatina in G. Op 54 No 
2 also with Sandor). 9.00 

205 Your Concert Choice: 

Faure (Andante in B fiat 
Op 75; Yehudi ami Jeremy 
Meouh«n)_ Gounod 
(Credo. St Coolie Mass). 
Beethoven (Serenade Op 
25: Graf, flute : GuHLvwttrr, 
Giuranna. viola). 

Magna rti (Symphony No 4) 
1230 Music Weakhr indudes 
Dents Arnolds 
reappraisal of Alessandro . 
Straddia. and an item on 
the teaching of music in 

II. 15 Ctebngirian Quartet: 

Haydn (Quartet in E flat 
Op 76 No 6)^ nd Bartok 
(Quartet No 4) 

12.15 The Masters! ngers of 
Nuremberg: Wagners 
three- act opera, sung in the 
English verson of 
Frederick Jameson. The 
1968 Sadlers Weta 
Opera production, 
conducted by Sir 
“ iinakJ GoodaB. Cast 

Norman Bailey - 
(as Hans Sachs). Ann 
Robson. Connell Byrne. 
Margaret Curphey and Robot 
Donald- Act one. 

1JS0 Poetry Now: Poem* by. 
imar alia. Helen 
Dunmore, George Mac Betti. 
Vernon Scanneff and 
Slake Momson 

210 Mastersmgeraof 
Nuremberg: act two 
125 A Musical Friend: Denys 
Hawthorne and Jonathon 
Tafier read from Charles 
Villiers Standford's 
memoir of William Stemdafe 

Bennett (3) 

245 TheMastwrsingersaf 
Nuremberg: act three 
315 Uszt and toe Piano; 

Alfred Brendel plays 
works including Armees de 

pelerinage( Suisse). 

Chapeiie de Guillaume Tell, 
Au lac de WaUenstadt Le 
malda pays, end Las 
cloches de Geneve. 

8.005 AMeburgh Festival 83’ 

From Snape Makings, 
in memory of Sir Peter 
Pears.. With John 
Shirtey-Qjirk, Steuart 
Bedford (piano), Murray 
Perataa (piano) and 
Serenata. Part one. 

Purcell (Let the dreadful 
engines. reaL Britten), 
Lutoslawskt (Dance 
Preludes). Mozart 
(Quintet m E flat tor piano 
and wind, KK 452) 

350. Silence: poetry and 

Michel Petheram.Read by 
. Ronald 

9.10 Aldeburgh Festival: part 
two. Schubert (Impromptu 
in A flat. D 935. No 2). Britten 
(Night Piece: Twelve 
venations - first performance), 
and Songs and Proverbs 
of William Blake 
1205 A Trip to Dublin: June 
Tobin reads Mary 
Benson's memoir 
1225 Vtoknand piano: Yossi 
Zivoni and Rosemarie 
Wright Kraft (In memortam 
Igor Stravinsky), and 
arrangements and 
transcriptions of 
Stravinsky works inducting 
Danse russe. from 
Petrushka; Prelude at ronde 
des princesses, from 
The Firebird: Berceuse 
(Firebird), and Chanson 
russe (Mavra) 

Stemdates Bennett 
Ulster Orchestra/Barry 

): r ■ 


overture Paradise and 
the Pen, and works by 
Schumann (Introduction 
and Allegro m G. Op 992) 
and Pierson (symphonic 
poem Macbeth) 

11J57 News. t24W Closedown. 

VHF only: Open University. 

From 6.35am to 655. Love to 

Shakespeare's England. 

( Radio 2 

On medium wave, see Radio i 
for VHF variations 
News on the hour. Head fines 
7.30am. Overnight news 6.02am, 
7.02. 8 X& Match reports 

Julia NetiberpenBBCl. 10.10pm 


8.02pm, 94)2, 124)5am. 1.02. 

Cricket Scoreboard 730pm. 
General Desks 1202pm, 104)2 

44Mam Dave Bussey Is) 300 

Steve Truetave {s) 730 Roger 
Royle says Good Morning 
Sunday (s) 9.05 Melodies for You 
(s) 11.00 Desmond Carrington 
!) 2.00pm Stuart Hall's Sunday 
port Irish Open Golf. 
Showjumping rom Hickstead. 
Cricket and Worid Cup Football 

7.00 Non-Stop Stutz (Stutz Bear 
Cats) 735 Sunday Serenade. 

8.00 Niall Murray Sings 330 
Sunday Halt-Hour from Great 
Church of the Holy Trinity. Long 
Metiord. Suffolk 600 Your 
Hundred Best Tunes (Alan Keith) 
1205 Songs from toe Shows 
1030 Jazz Score. Chairman Benny 
Green with Acker Bilk. 

Humphrey Lyttelton. George Molly 
and Ronnie Scott 11.00 Sounds 

ol Jazz (Peter Clayton) (Stereo 
i midnight] 1 . 00 am , 

from midnight) ' 

i Jean 

Chains presents Nightnde (s) 34)0- 
44)0 A Little Night Music (s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

. News on the halt hour untH 
1130am, then 230pm, 332 432 
732 932 12.00 midnight. 

64Uam Mark Page BJ)0 Peter 
Powell 1200 Mike Read 1 230pm 
Jimmy Sa Vila's 'Old Record' 

Club. (1982 1976. and 1970) 230 
American Bandstand featuring 
Gladys Knight and the Pips 330 . 
Radio 1 More Time. (John Peal) 

44)0 Chartbusters. Records at the 
Top 40s door 54M Top *0 with 
Bruno Book as (s) 7.00 Anne 
Nightingale Request Show (s) 

200 Robbie Vincent (s) 11.00-124)0 
The Rankin' Miss P with Culture 
Rock (s). VHF RADIOS 1 8 2:- 
4.00am As Radio 2. 24)0pm 
Benny Green is)- 34)0 Alan Dell with 
Sounds Easy (5). 4.00 Jazz 
Classics m Stereo. Struttm' with 
some barbeque: Louts 


600 NBwsoesk 630 Alisair Cooke tntxjta 
to Benny Goodman.7JX> Nflws 7419 
Twenty-four how 730 From Our Own 
Correspondent 735 Sportsworid 600 
Nows 609 Reflections 615 The 
Pleasure s Tours 600 News 60S Review 
of tha Bmtsh Press 615 Soence m Action 
645 toe Piano Ro* 1600 News 1601 
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114)0 News 114)9 News About Britain 
11.16 From Our Own Correspandnet 
« J# takers Heti Dozen 12.00 News 
124)1 Play. The Dtssokibon of Marcus 
FtVttrtnan 14H) News 1J» Twenty-four 
Hours 130 Sports Romfuo 1.45 Tony 
MyW Request Stow 2.00 News Its 
Concert Hal 4,00 Commentary 4.15 The 
Hum«n Voce 645 Sports RounAp 600 

day Helt ISTmO tew 601 
Sportsworid 615 Tha Pteasure'5 Yours 
1600 News 104)9 Tima Motive 1625 
Book Chou 1030 Financial Renew 
1640 Refleeftons iO«5 Soons Roundup 
114)0 N*ws 11.00 COninwntsry 11.13 
Letter From Amenca 1130 A Word in 
Edgeways I24n News 1239 News About 
Bream 12.15 Radio' Newsreel 1230 
neagmus Seme News 14H A 
Woman ot No importa nc e 1.45 Plea Ffoer 
24)0 News 24)9 Review o> Die British 
“teSsAtSSporawtod 230 Scwflu m 
Action 3JB News 109 News About Bream 
US Good Books 645 Reflections. *50 
waveguide 5.00 News bjh Twenty - fw 
wure 5A5 flacMrdmg of the Weak. AS 
thee* In CUT. 

RczionaJ 71 ’■ facing page 



By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

HEADING LEY: India, with 
five second innings wickets In ' 
hand, lead England by 240 

Seventeen wickets fell for 
209 runs in the second Test 
match, sponsored by Comhilt 
yesterday. 10 of them English, 
and seven Indian. Even by 
Headingley standards, that 
was a bit much. England were 
bowled out in 45.1 overs for 
101 and after tea. India, with 
a lead of 1 70. made 70 for five 
in their second innings. . 

As it so often does here the' 
ball moved all over the place, 
as much. 1 think, because of 
the overcast weather as for any 
serious irregularities ■ in the 
pitch. Batsmen, even the very 
best of them, have always 
been hard-pressed to play balls 
that pitch on or near the 
middle and miss the off 
Binny was turned into a 
demon, despite his gentle 
pace. He had never previously 
taken more than three wickets 
in a Test innings. Now, for a 
song, he took five. 

That said, England's bats- 
men would have to admit that 
they played between them 
some very poor strokes. None 
was wilder than Gatling's, and 
he knew it. Binny had just 
come on, and Gatting, having 
crashed his first two balls into 
the covers, was out in head- 
long pursuit of the third. 
Lamb's dismissal immediate- 
ly after lunch, did nothing to 
suggest that England were 
fighting for their lives. Slack 
lasted two balls, Gooch 21 
Smith 18. Gatting 21 and 
Lamb 21. Needing a mere 73 
to avoid the follow-on, En- 
gland lost their eighth wicket 
at 71. 

To give them their due, the 
Indians — Kapil Dev and 
Madan Lai. as well as Binny — 
harnessed the conditions 
splendidly. I am ashamed to 

began that runs would seldom 
have been cheaper for English 
batsmen than against this 
Indian attack. Yesterday, as at 
Lord’s, this was far from being 

However, by taking five 
wickets when India went in 
again last night, England are 
still just in the present match, 
should the skies clear — and 
that is something. With three 
important wickets. Lever jus- 

tified his selection, as he had 
never quite done on the first 
day, when, to bis surprise, he 
was affected by nerves. But as 
if India were not already 
finding batting hard enough, 
the crowd started during this 
final session to behave as they 
have seen others doing in 
Mexico, and performing what 


WOOL Ffrst brings 

SMQnaafcarc Ranch 35 

KSAfcaiticEnitaanrbPitagw — 31 

R JEtastricPringjabOtaf 32 

□ B Vana w fcar cFraadi blmr _ 61 

H Azftarudrti In* b Good) IS 

*Kapi D*v tow b Laver 0 

CS Pm* c Enters* bfttagta 23 

R If H Bfcw* c Stack b BAny 0 

Marfan LtieGoocbbDMy 20 

-HCS More not out . 36 

Mutate Start cGoocftbDtasy — 3 

Extras (fcL rt 5) 10 

Total - — zra 

FALL OF WICKETS! 144, 2-75, 3-120, 4* 
163. 5-383, 6-203, 7-211, 0*13, 9-267, 

BOWUNGt Dtaey 240-7-54-3; Lever 30- 
4-102-2; Pttagie 27+47-3; Entewj 17- 

4- 45-1; Ooocb 8-019-1. 

Second batatas 

S M Oemsker c Ffrencft b Lever . 1 

K Siftfcmh b Otaey 8 

RJSbaaM taw blmr 3 

D B Vsngurkar not out 33 

MArtmrfrftatavf fa Lever 2 

CSPsndKbPrinte 17 

IK S More not cart - O 

Extras (fa 4,02) 6 

Total (5 nfcts) — . 70 

FALL OF WICKET S ; VS, 2-S, 03% 405, 

5- 70. 

BOWLMG: May +1-201; Im 100 
22-3; Pringle 9-5-11-1; Eafcraey 002+ 
ENGLAMk Flat taotags 
W N Start b Mate! Lai ■ 0 

G A Gooch c (Sony b Kapfl Dov 0 

CL Sate b Madan Lai 8 

A JLsrnbcPaort b Starry 10 

■MWOafliMC Mora b tear ____ 13 
C W J AStty c Mom b Madan Lai _ 32 

DR Pringle cSrikkonthb Stony 9 

J E Eariaam e KspB Do* b Btaay 0 

IB N Prance bBtany 0 

GRDBaybStaetrt 10 

JKUwsrnotaut 0 

Extras (bl, b2,er4) 7 

Total 102 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1+ 014.014, 400, 
041, 0S3, 7-63, 071, 0100, 10102. 
BOWLMG Kapl On 107401; Madan 
Lai 1 1 .1-3-103; Btany 13-1-405; Sfaasfaf 

Ustphroa: J BMconshawand O J Constant 

is apparently called the “hu- 
man wave", which means 
standing up. each enclosure in 
turn, and throwing arms into 

is inappropriate, and must be 

What occurred in England’s 
innings was made to seem all 
the more bizarre by the ease 
with which Madan Lai and 
More bad batted for the first 
40 minutes of the day against a 
new balL More hit the first ball 
of the rooming, bowled with 
the old one, pest cover point 
for four, and pulled the sixth. 

pig - - # 

wmM .0 

by when tbe new one had been 
taken, to the midwicket 
boundary. Lever’s two overs sa * Fi 
cost 16 runs, enough for him 
to be taken offl Although at 
No. 10 for this Indian side. 

More has a first-class hundred 
to his credit for Baioda in the 
Ranji Trophy. He looked yes- 
terday as though he might wdl 
have scored another had 
Madan Lai not been caught at 
second slip after adding 64 for 
the ninth wicket with More 
and Manmder not then been 
out in tbe most improbable 

He edged Dilley and Gooch, 
moving to his left at second 
slip, attempted a catch. Rather 
than holding the ball he 
knocked it on towards wicket- 
keeper French, who threw 
himself at it but could do no 
more than keep it airborne. 
Getting a glove underneath 
the ball French scooped it 
back towards Gooch, who 
then flicked it up with his foot, 
so giving himself an easy 

This happened at 1 1 .50. By 
lunch, taken at one o'clock, 
England were 42-4. It was 
dreadfully disappointing. In 
the second over of the innings 
Slack, half forward, was 
bowled off his pads. In the 
seventh Gooch, wide open on 
the back stroke, cocked Kapil 
Dev into the gulley. In the 
eighth Smith was bowled be- 
tween bat and pad by Madan 
LaL In the fourteenth 
over Gatling was caught at the 
wicket, chasing a wide ball in 
Binny’s first over. 

Lamb drove the first.ball of 
the afternoon, another wide 
one from Binny, hard and low 
to cover point, where Pandit &£ 
made a very good, tumbling 
catch. Pringle survived 35 ge* 
balls before, in the 26th over, * 
he played Binny firmly to 

_i r p^n.i a 

on to a chance which caned for . ^ 
the quickest reflexes. Emburey 
was out next ball caught at the 
wicket, and in the 28th over 

Wm& r 

V r 

wicket, and in tbe 28th over 
Binny bowled FrendLAt least 
DiUey and Alhey sold their 
wickets dearly. Had they not, 

England would have been 
bowled out for their lowest 
total against India in England. 

As it is that still stands as tbe l •: : 

«v‘ •* •tfjce.r £ . »« • 

101 Ray Illingworth’s side 
made at tbe Oval in 1971. 

End of French resistance: India's Binny sends the balls Dying to dismiss French 


Royale shows a swift 
set of heels to rivals 

From Barry Pfekthafl, Newport, Rhode bland 


A swot in a sweat looks for class 

From Srikmnar Sea, Boxing Correspondent, Las Vegas 

Royale, the 85ft French 
catamaran, skippered by Loic 
Caradec, looked set last night 
to reach here sometime this 
morning at the end of the 
3,000-mile Carlsberg trans- 
atlantic race, a day ahead of 
nearest rival, Forroule TAG, 
sailed by Mike Birch, a 

Tony Bullimore. of Britain, 
and Walter Crane, his Ameri- 
can partner, aboard the 60ft 
trimaran. Apricot, continue to 
lead Class IT 60 miles ahead of 
Robin Knox-Johnston's cata- 
maran. British Airways I, 
despite the handicap of a 

broken centreboard. But this 
gap may narrow as the two 
draw closer to the lighter 
winds off Nova Scotia. 

The race for first place 
among the monohulls after the 
South African-entered Tuna 
Marine Voortrekker, skip- 
pered by John Martin, broke 
its rudder on Thursday, now 
appears to be between the 
Finnish-entered Colt Interna- 
tional sailed by Markku 
Wiikeri and Antoro Kairamo, 
and her 60ft rival Biscuits Lu, 
skippered by Gui Bemad in, 
the BOC round the world race 

The circumstances in which you came into money 
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But making sure that you get die most from your 
money can lead to all sorts of other traumas. 

Its easy to put it all in the Bank or Building Society. 
But, over the last 10 years, they’ve hardly kept pace 
with inflation. 

Your money could be working much harder in the 
City. And still remain readily accessible. 

At Hill Samuel, we have a wide range of plans to 
help you invest in the City. Just leave it to us to do all 
the hard work. 

Naturally, we II keep you in the picture at regular 
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If you’d like the City working for you, simply post 
die coupon. 

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45 Beech Street. London EC2P 2LX. Telephone: 01-628 8011. 

I would like more facts about the figures. 

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Business Tel:. 

| I N V E S T I 

.Home Tel:. 



T21/6/B6VA | 

Barry McGuigan trains at 
Caesars Palace at the posh end 
of Las Vegas Boulevard. 
Caesars' customers in Hawai- 
ian shirts come in and shower 
the Irishman with oohs and 
aahs. Steve Cruz, the Mexi- 
can- American from Fort 
Worth, Texas, who chall en ges 
McGuigan for tbe World Box- 
ing Association featherweight 
title here on Monday, trains at 
downtown Johnny Tocco's. 

The buildings around 
Tocco's are mostly single- 
storeyed and look like litter 
blown down from the Strip. 
The hoardings look like 
grafitu. Tocco’s is a single- 
storey building that lies be- 
tween two huge billboards of 
the Cremation Society of Ne- 
vada and Paul's Autobody 
Shop. In Tocco's gym itself 
they punish and shape their 
bodies to soul music 

You can't miss Tocco's gym 
as you come down East 
Charleston. It says “Johnny 
Tocco’s Ringside Gym for 
World Contenders" in large 
schoolboyish handwriting on 
one of tbe walls. You go 
round the back to enter, past 
tbe two big service stations. 

Anyone who is anyone 
trains at Tocco's. Marvin 
Hagler always does. All the 

coach goes 

Geoff Fletcher, one of Rug- 
by League’s great personalities 
and eccentrics, has resigned as 
coach of Runcorn Highfidd 
after nine years (Keith 
MackJin writes). He will re- 
main at Runcorn as general 
manager. When the dub were 
known as Liverpool City and 
Huyton. Fletcher was coach 
and manager and almost sin- 
gle-handedly kept them from 
going into extinction and 
twice won awards for services 
to the game. 

Pryor post 

David Pryor has been ap- 
pointed West Midlands re- 
gional director of the Sports 
Council. Pryor, aged 45. has 
worked in the London and 
South East regional office of 
the council since 1972. 

Bias dead 

Leu Bias, aged 22. the 6ft 
Sin American basketball play- 
er, died on Thursday ofa heart 
attack. Bias appeared for the 
University of Maryland, had 
been chosen for All-America 
honours this year, and was 
regarded as one of the nation's 
best college players. 

famous feces are on the walls: 
Ali, Holmes, Benitez, Cuny 
and other world champions. 
Yesterday the Kronk crowd 
from Detroit were there. Tom- 
my Hearns is here together 
with Milton McCrory. Hearns 
is part of the “triple hitler" 
which features McGuigan at 
the top urith Hearns defending 

Doing the dirty 

McGuigan is about to be 
reunited with a much-travelled 
bag of dirty laundry which he 
last saw seven weeks ago in 
Las Vegas. He left it in his 
hotel room after a weekend 
publicizing his fight Tbe botd 
posted it to him in New York, 
care of tbe promoters. “It sat 
there in an office until it began 
to smell" an official said. A 
laundry refused to take ft. 

against Mark Medal and 
Roberto Duran taking on 
Robbie Sims, Hagler's 

It is 103 outside and inside 
Tocco's it is steamy. It is a 
dean, welt-lit place and so 
sweaty the specs slide off your 
nose. It is packed with train- 
ers, boxers and reporters, yet 
there is a happy laissez-faire- 
ness about the place. Every- 


^ Cowdrey: foot injury 

Cowdrey doubt 

Chris Cowdrey, the Kent 
captain, has a foot ipjury and 
is doubtful for the champion- 
ship game against Hampshire 
at Southampton today. 

Gower out 

David Gower, whose shoul- 
der iqjury forced him out of 
the second Test match against 
India, misses the Britannic 
Assurance Championship 
match against Warwickshire 
at Edgbaston today. 

body does as he pleases and 
seems to find the room to get 
on with it 

Cruz is lost in the crowd. He 
spars five rounds with Troy 
Dorsey, a tough fighter from 
Fort Worth. Dorsey puts on 
McGwgan-type pressure and 
Cruz stands bis ground but 
then backs out of the ring. 
Dorsey catches him over and 
over again with a left upper- 

Cruz does not look more 
than a dub fighter. He does 
not seem to have slick enough 
footwork to get out of trouble. 
He looks like a schoolboy 
trying to cram in his revision 
at the last minute for a tough 

A Kronk trainer says: “He is 
a purty good fighter/’ 
McCrory says: “ 'Come, come, 
come,' he will say • to • 
McGuigan." Barrientes says: 
“He is ready to fight now. He 
is 1271b. He will be 126 on 

At the other end of the Strip, 
at Caesars, McGuigan spare 
with Azael Moran, from Pana- 
ma, tbe world’s No. 6 bantam- 
weight. in the Sports Pavilion. 
There are acres of space but 
there is no ain nor an interest- 
ing brick in the building. 
McGuigan is the only boxer 

Luton first 

Northamptonshire will play 
their first-ever county cham- 
pionship match at Wardown 
Park. Luton today, against 
Yorkshire. The Bedfordshire 
ground has been used by 
Northamptonshire in the past 
for John Player League 

Beashal leads 

Colin Beashal the 12-metre 
world champion, gained a one 
race lead over Maurio 
Pellaschier. of Italy, Pelle 
Petterson, of Sweden, and 
Gary Jobson, of the United 
States, in the opening rounds 
of the Liberty Cup match race 
championship in New York 
harbour, despite running 
aground during one heat. 
Britain's Lawrie Smith was in 
joint fifth place. 

Lewis on song 

Carl Lewis, competing in 
three events for the first time 
since he won four gold medals 
in the Los Angeles Olympics 
of 1984, led qualifiers in the 
100 metres (with !0.16sec)and 
long jump (27ft 4'^ in, one 
attempt) and had the sixth 
fastest time m the 200 metres 
(20.4 1 sec) at the United States 
national track and field cham- 
pionships in Eugene, Oregon. 

Football will be 
the winner in 
special match 

and be is the centre of 
attraction. A large, admiring 
crowd are neatly seated in 

Unlike Cruz, McGuigan is 
doing the pressuring and 
catching Moran with good 
jabs and hooks. McGuigan is 
already 1251b and looking like 
the million dollars plus be is 
making from this contest He 
does not throw punches to the 
body. Perhaps he does not 
want to show his hand. For 
Cruz does not tike body shots, 
as he showed against Rocky 

Duran says: “McGuigan is 
like an eagle. He can jump out 
of rangeof: the cobra until he is 
ready to strike. Heis good to 
be with. He is a good person. 
He is a Catholic, like me.” 

Bob Arum, the promoter, 
has lots of good things to say 
about McGuigan. He says 
McGuigan’s next contest will 
be against' Antonio 
Esparragoza .of Venezuela, 
the . No. 1 contender, in 
Belfast and that the one after 
that will again he in the 
United States, little thought 
is given to tbe boyish Mexi- 
can-Americah challenger who 
cannot wait till Monday to 
swat his way to the posh end of 
the featherweight class. 


Delaying the moment when 
I bad to sake up ay mind 
about who I thought would win 
the quarter-firttlbetwea Bne 
zil Bid France today, and also 
whom I woald prefer to win, 
mitfl edition time would wait 
no longer, has net helped. I 
admire H»em equally. 

For many people, this Is the 
ti»nb a meeting of the two 
most entertaining teams left in 
toe cop. Brazil and France 

share something special in 
sport something nowadays 
very rare. They would rather 
lose gloriously than win mean- 
ly. ft is the spirit without 
which football, and sport, is 

There are sound reasons, 
practical as much as seutimea- 
tal for hoping either of them 
win. Befieve it ornot the game 
in BrazB needs it The 
politicians* wish fora national 
league during the *70s, super- 
seding the old regional cham- 
pionships, diluted the famous 
dubs of S3o Paula and Rio. 
Every dub in this vast country 
could muster tbe finance for 
one or two expensive players, 
arid the dubs such as Santos, 
Sfto Paulo, Botasogo, 
Fhnrinense, and Flamengo no 
longer had the predominance 
of the best players who formed 
the national team. 

Brazil need to 
halt decline 

No one drib has more than 
three players m the current 
squad, and the decline of the 
top dubs has form! more and 
more of toe best players to go 
overseas, the way they have for 
decades from Argentina and 
Uruguay. I believe that if 
Brum are to bid successfully 
for the World Cup of 1994, 
and to have a restoration of tiie 
same, they need to win in 
1986. Not only that, the health 
of tiie game in Brazil is 
fundamental to its appeal 

Brazilians provide one of toe 
basic currencies by which die 
game is measured, and it is 
important that. toe currency 
restrains strong. When Sir Atf 
Ramsey said in 1970 that 
England had no thing to learn 
from Brazil what he meant 
was that England could not 
hope to copy their style. They 
traditionally have players who 
provide some of toe most 
exotic and powerful moments 
we are aMe to eqjoy. Ih what is 
currently not a great team, 
unlike that of 1970, those 
exotic qualities are still Aero 
in Julio Cesar, their tibera, 
Josimar at right bade, toe 
professorial Socrates, Careca 
and Muller in attack. Three 
months ago, Josimar, of Bota- 
fogo, who has scored two 
sensational goals, * g«™ 3 
Northern Ireland and Poland, 
was not even in the squad 
which came to Enropeand was 
rolled over by West Germany 
and Hungary. 

- What was evident in Frank- 
fort in March, however, was 
fhnt foe immutable strains 


were still there; that 
SantH te. their manager, hadKms 
toe skills available to build toe 
team from scratch in a feWea 
weeks if he could get th- US 
habnre right and tread wate.atr- 
long enough in the first roimditn a 

What he has bravely done i^ev- 
to dispense with most of thtan s 

old men who were dogging tot ad- 

rhythm and toe mentality o tnat 
toe team. Carlos, Edinhfduug 
Junior and Socrates are to*. * 
only remaining players overran 
30. A younger team has bettwy 
given its chance and now ferine 
their moment of truth. France <if. 
are tbe first team who have the oir 

ability and intent persistently^ 
to attack a defence, which as™ 
yet has conceded no goals, 
France's strength is in exactly^ A 
toe area where Braril are (easterly 
equipped to meet it: in «ni<r« “ 
field. If Junior, Branco, Elzti£/£ 
Brico and Socrates are denie^kas 
possession, it is going to taki.77. 
one or two moments of excep* 
tional individual bnUiano^ 
from Careca and Mnller to Itfs- M 
them dear. It promises to fc 
one of the most feschatin?— 
matches since Holland playe 
Argentina in the 1978 fin al. 

For France, it is right tom 

to win the tournament, because' ' 
their enterprise of the past fiveF 
years deserves it In tbe 1987 
semi-final they were cheater . 
out of victory for West GowaK 
ny in the person ojjJg 
Schumacher, who should havr dc 
been sent off after he hafeJar 
inflicted an injury whkl 
obliged Friuce to make ar is 
early substrate in a match as 
which was to go to extra time 1 ™ 
Moral justice owes France 
favour, but the thrill of knock 
out football which thankfull^^- 
we now have, is that justice to 
recognizes no reputation. irf- 

French may cause 
severe problems 40 

— ■ — -Hit 

Henri Mkhel, toe manageiest 
of France, believes that tbeywe 
can present Brazfl with prob-3; 
Ions that they have not yet 111 

encountered and which wfll for' 

too severe. How will BrazU^ 
answer the midfield scoringQi 
potential of Platini, Tiganajy 
and Fernandez. The worry ford 
France is a slight injury to • 
Fernandez; Ferretri stands by 
in die wings. It is expected 
that with Ayache at right back . 
suspended, Amoren will 
switch from the left and 
Tuscan wfll play on the left M 

Analysis leads one to thinfc^, 
that France should indeed win, * 
yet I have a vision in my* 
mind's eye which stretches 3 
hack over the past 30 years of 1 
Brazilians scoring graft, dm- m 
malic goals, of their lithe 
bodies arched in mid-air as tiie 
ball thunders into the net. Will 
the memory of today he of 
Platini, or of Careca and 
Josimar? I can't wait to find 

Team news, page 37 

Maradona worried 

From John Carlin, Mexico City 

Diego Maradona, the Ar- 
gentina captain, expects En- 
gland to be difficult opponents 
when the two sides meet 
tomorrow in a quarter-final of 
the World Cup in Mexico 
City's Azteca stadium. 

“The players I'm worried 
about are Tottenham's man. 
Hod die. and Lineker, who has 
surprised us with his great 
goal-scoring . ability," 
Maradona said. “But I'm con- 
fident Argentina will win. Our 
defence is strong and we will 
beat Hoddle in the hand-to- 
hand in midfield. England's 

central. defenders are big and 
we will be able to turn them.” 

“It will be a difficult game," 
Maradona told an Argentinian 
reporter. “Tell the people in 
Argentina to pray for us.” 

Valdano, Argentina's lead- 
ing scorer, added: “It will be 
an interesting game because 
the two teams play different 
styles. Tbe feet this is a World 
Cup quarter-final game is 
sufficient motivation for polit- 
ical issues not to enrich or 
dirty die contest” 

Stuart Jones, page 37 


Tambay’s injuries keep 
him out of Detroit race 

■ Detroit (Reuter) — Patrick 
Tambay, of France, has not 
recovered from bruised ribs 
sustained in a crash of his Lola 
last Sunday and will be re- 
placed- by Eddie Cheever, of 
the United States, for the 
Detroit Grand Prix tomorrow. 

“Tambay has painfully 
bruised ribs. There’s a lot of 
swelling and it was decided 
that he would not race again 
this Sunday.” Jon Marsh, the 
race’s Press officer, sajd. 

into bamerxon both sides of 
the track during a pre-race 
warm-up session before the 
.start of the Montreal Grand 
Prix. Tambay also suffered 
cuts to his feet. 

Another American, Michael 
Andretti, the son of veteran 
driver. Mario Andretti was 
originally proposed as a re- 
placement for Tambay. but 
was rejected because he did 
not have- a licence to drive 
Formula One cars. 

Tambay ”s Lola £Hin out of Cheever has competed in 85 
control when the suspension Formula One grands prix but 
broke, sending him crashing has never won. 

A first classic , 
victory for 
US newcomer 

Zurich (AP) — Andrew 
Hampsten. from Boukler. 
Colorado, yesterday upstaged 
the international elite to cap- 
ture the fiftieth Tour of Swit- ■: 
zeriand. the first American to 
win the road classic. 

Hampsten. aged 24. joined 
the professional circuit only 
last season. He was in control 
through the gruelling, 1 1-day 
test over 1.767km. although 
Massimo Ghirotto. of Italy, 
won the last stage. 

A bad spill by Sean Kelly, of * 
Ireland. No. I m the latest 
world rankings, marred the . 
finale. Kelly received stitches , 
for leg and ferial cuts. Team- 1 
officials assured that his par- j 
tiripalion in the forthcoming; 
Tour de France was not in 

Other big-name riders fin- \ 
ished way behind. Phil Ander- ■ 
son. of Australia, was 26th. 

■ s ™™!‘es : i. m \ 
enkotto (ft), 4hr 9mtn 52sec- 2 . M ■ 
Noris (ft), same time: 3, j • 
Bfugomann (Swttz), at 4$sec; 4. S : 
Cavatfaro (ft): 5, T de Roy (Noth); 6 1 

P Stwanhaagen (Nath), ail same ‘ 
A Hampsten (US) * 
48hr 24mm l&ec; 2, R Miliar (Sarti' ’