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No 62,491 



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IRA bomber 

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planted the Brighton bomb, 
yesterday stood rn the dock at 
the Cfentral Criminal Court to 
hear himself branded “a man 
of exceptional cruelty and 
inhumanity” as a judge sen- 
tenced him to a recommended 
mimimum of 35 years in 

Magee, aged 35, from Bel- 
fast, was given a total of eight 
life sentences by Mr Justice 
Boreham after being convict- 
ed oh seven counts from the 
Brighton bombing in October 
1984 and one count concern- 
ing an IRA plan to bomb 16 
targets in London and coastal 
resorts last summer. 

The Brighton bombing was 
described by the judge as 
“‘horrifying ”, but a few 
months later Magee had been 
planning the. “even more 
hideous” resorts campaign. 
The ju d ge told Magee, who 
was clutching the rail of the 
dock, flanked by prison offi- 
cers, that he believed he 
enjoyed terrorist activities. 
The public must be 
protect edihe would recom- 
mend to the Home Secretary 
that Magee serve a minimum 
of 35 years for the murder of 
each of the five killed at 
Brighton. The judge (fid not 
describe the sentences as can* 
current or consecutive. 

Four other members of the 
fRA “active service unit” who 
worked with Magee last year 
were also each given life 
sentences for conspiracy in the 
resorts plot Earlier a Glasgow 
man . was given eight years for 
helping the unit' 

With die end of the biggest 
IRA case of recent years, 
police in London and the 
provinces will >be on their 
guard for a Provisional IRA 

By Stewart Tender, Crime Reporter 

■ ^V^riJ ^ a ® ee ’ Ptwi- riposte. One senior Scotland ed of drill dreadful offences, 
sional IRA terrorist who Yard officer said; “They will seven of them that horrifying 
pteptM the Brighton bomb, . try something to reinforce die bombing at the Grand Hotel, 
jesterday stood m the dock at fact that Magee is not the only Brighton, where five people 
me Central Crimmal Court to person who can operate.” were murdered in their beds, 
near himself branded “a man An attack in the autumn is others seriously injured, some 
of exceptional cruelty and thought likely. of them still completly dis- 

Yesterday, with tight secnri- abled and others stDI whose 
ty in force at the Central escapes were little short of 

Criminal Court, no mitigation 
was offered for Magee or any 
of his four IRA colleagues. 
They were brought up- from 
die cells to be dealt with (me at 
a time and left the court 

_ M ... uut, oiuicu at ujuiutfjy 

Magee: 35-year sentence people, men, women and their 

i ■, n m i — — , i. children on holiday at the 
Trial background 5 height of the holiday season. 

■ i ii im ■ ■ .1 - “This was the most coward- 

exchanging cries of support ~ w ^j c ^ il ^ 

and “Up the Provisionals” in f^f 1- my mis ^ ortUDe 10 
Gaelic with relatives or sup- la 
porters in the public gallery. The judge added that the 
Geraid McDonnell, ontof the crimes were of exceptional 
four, raised an arm in salute to giavity. Jt was a (dot to bring 


The judge said he was not 
concerned with Magee’s mo- 
tives. “I am satisfied that you 
enjoy terrorism. There is 
nothing that can mitigate, 
certainly nothing that can 
. excuse drat outrage.” The 
bomb had been secreted where 
it could do most damage and 
it was accurately timed to 
explode -whan people were at 
their most vulnerable in bed. 
“You intended to wipe out a 
large part of the Government 
and very nearly did it.” 

The resorts plan was “com- 
pletely inhuman, not caring 
about political or military 
targets but aimed at ordinary 
people, men, women and their 
children on holiday at the 
height of the holiday season. 

“This was the most coward- 
ly enterprise ... which it has 
ever been my misfortune to 
listen to.” 

The judge added that the 

Whitehall hint 

of backing for 
EEC sanctions 

• Mrs Lynda Chalker, Minister of State at the 
Foreign Office, is to meet Mr Oliver Tam bo, acting 
head of the African National Congress, tomorrow. 

• Another journalist has been ordered oat of South 
Africa. Mr Richard Manning of Newsweek has until 
Thursday to make representations against the order. 

• Mr Terry Waite, the Archbishop of Canterbury's 

special envoy, said yesterday that South Africa was In 
the “evil grip” of the security forces (Page 7) 

By Philip Webster and Richard Evans 

Mrs Sheila McDonnell and Mrs Eileen Magee rhantfng Republican slogans as they waved 
their husbands off to begin life sentences yesterday. (Photograph: Smart Nicol) 


the judge. 

about “the most hideous cata- 

Magee was the first of the lo 8 ue of violence against inno- 
unii to come into court yester- human beings... You are a 

day, at the end of a trial which of exceptional cmeity 

began hr early May. He re- 30(1 inhumanity.” and as I 
fused to answer' his name have sajd^you enjoy terrorist 
when it was called by the deik. activities.” 

He had sat down after entering Magee was and would ra- 
the dock but was dragged to main a menace to the public, 
his feel. .Mr Justice Boreham said. “I 

' Dressed m a brown leather m .M$t be grateful that in recent 
jacket, he listened with little years legislators have raised 

expression as foe judge tokl 
him: “You have been convict- 

foe maximum sentence from a 
Continued on page 5, col 4 

Tomorrow Married women to 
dS ^ iiset care allowance £ggg 

Can the magic of 
Maradona prevent 
an all-European 
World Cup final? 
David Miller and 
Stuart Jones preview 
the semi-finals 

. By George Hill 

The Government yesterday that the Government had had 
yielded to campaigners for to be “dragged kicking and 
invalid care allowances to be screaming through the courts” 
paid to up to 70,000 married before making the concession, 
women caring for disabled Mr Fowler said it was a 
people at home, the day before Labour Government that had 
a judgement from the Europe- excluded married women 
an Coun of Justice was ex- from the benefit when intro- 
pected to demand the change, during it in 1976 for men and 
Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary single women who bad given 
of State for Social Services, up their sole means of liveli- 
said the Social Security Bill hood to look after a severely 
would shortly be amended to disabled relative needing care 
extend the allowance to mar- for at least 35 hours a week. 

ried women. 

“This is foe minimum that 

The change will quadruple wives have a right to expect 
the net cost of paying the £23 when foe alternative of xea- 

aflowance, from £13 million 
to about £55 million, but foe 
Treasury has accepted that ad- 
ditional resources should be 
provided to meet it, and that 
the funds should not have to 

dential care would cost a 
minimum of £170 a week,” 
Mr Meacher said. He called 
for arrears of the allowance to 
be paid back io December, 
1984, when foe case was first 

•The £4,000 prize in 
yesterday’s Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was won 
Taylor, of Tynemouth, 
Tyne and Wear. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio fist, page 
26; rules and how to . 
play, information 
service, page 20. . 

Stormont riot 

Police baton-charged hun- 
dreds of “loyalists" on the 
steps of Stormont as rebel 
Unionists defied Parliament 
with a sit-in in -the .Northern 
Ireland Assembly Page 2 

Court drama 

The man accused of murder- 
ing Leoni Keating, aged three, 
who disappeared from a Great 
Yarmouth caravan site lasi-i 
September, collapsed in court 
at Ipswich Page 3 

Actor dies 

Nigel Stock, the actor best 
known for his television por- 
trayal of Dr Watson in the 
Sherlock Holmes series, died 
aged 66 Obituary, page 18 

On This Day 

In 1807 the practice of criticiz- 
ing theatrical productions was 
in its infancy. The Times of 
June 24 that year provided a 
spectacular example of the 
early art of vitriol Pfcge 17 

Home News 2-5 Law Report 25 
Dnnsewt 7-13 Leaden . 17 

ApptS 15L24 Letters 17 
ArrfeaeoJoxy J8 Obhaaiy 28 
Arts 19 Parting tat 4£0 

Bulbs, deaths. Safe Room 4 

be found out of existing wet- brought to court. Mr Fowler 
fere budgets- Today foe Lux- replied: “The arrears will need 

embouig court is expected to 
! deliver a favourable judge- 
ment m ihe case of Mrs Jackie 
Drake, who claimed the law 
discriminated against women. 

A similar sensitivity to the 
welfare lobby^was also appar- 
ent yesterday in the announce- 
ment that Mr Fowler has 
yielded to pressure to pay the 
new family credits, which are 
to replace family income 
supplement, direct to wives. 

Rejecting claims from Mr 
Miduiel Meacher,. Labour 
spokesman-on social sendees. 

to be derided in foe light of foe 
court's judgement.” 

“The news is unbelievable 
— we are quite bowled over," 
Miss Jane Atkins, of foe Inva- 
lid Ore Allowance Steering 
Group, said yesterday. “We 
hope arrears will be paid at 
least back to the date each 
claim was submitted. 

The non-contributory bene- 
fit is intended as an income 
replacement, and is taken fully 
into account for supplemen- 
tary benefit. 

Parliament, page 4 

Bedford to axe 1,700 

Bedford Trucks, foe Gener- 
al Motors "van .and Jony 
business in Britain, yesterday 
announced 1,700 job losses at 
its Dunstable and Luton 

land commercial vehicle 
operation three months ago, 
also revealed 1985 losses of 
£73 million, up from £62.4 
million in 1984, 

Bedford, hit by a slump in 

The company, foe subject of ' foe truck market, hopes the 
abortive mereer talks between job cuts can be achieved 
GM and tne government- through voluntary red un dan- 
controlled Land Rover-Ley- 'cfes. £73 million loss, page 21 

i loss, page 21 

City jobs 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 
Job prospects for graduates 
are healthier than at any time 
during foe 1980s, with increas- 
ing Bombers opting for jobs in 
the City in preparation few foe 
Big Bang, according to the 
annual survey of graduate 
employment opportunities. 

But disaster threatens be- 
cause so few graduates are 
Ttfefosfog lb go m to teaching," 
the Association of Graduate 
Careers Advisory Service, the 
Central Services Unit and foe 
Standing Conference of Em- 
ployers of Graduates say in 
tbeir statement this year. The 
£l,20O-a-year bursary to 
tempt mathematics and phys- 
ics graduates into teaching has 
not worked, they add. 

The number of applicants 
for postgraduate Certificate in . 
Education courses is 19 per 
cent d«WB oa last year's figure. 
There has been a 16 per cent 
drop in applicants for mathe- 
matics teaching posts, an 11 
per cent drop in physics 
applicants, a 25 per emit drop 
in applicants to teach chemis- 
try, and a 26 per cent drop in 
those wanting to teach modern 

Dr Bernard Kingston, of 
A GCAS, described the situa- 
tion as “absolutely acute”. He 
added: “We see increased 
demand by employers for 
graduates for the fifth year 
running. But there is a serious 
decline in the output of gradu- 
ates and the feedstock of 
higher education is in danger 
of not bring there because of 
the massive switch away from 

The dwger is that the 
country will simply not have 
the maths and physics teach- 
ers needed to give young 
people the skills they require 
for foe modem world. 

Last January the three 
graduate employment organi- 
zations said that job prospects 
looked good. Now, they say, 
they are even better, with 1 per 
cent more vacancies than the 
January forecast The propor- 
tion of graduates still looking 
for work at the end of Decem- 
ber last year had dropped by 1 
per cent over 1984 - from W5 
per cent to 93 per cent 
The proportion of graduates 
going directly into work rose 
by 22. per cent, from 54.1 to 
5o3. The shortage of engi- 
neers is still a problem, and 
retailing employers and the 
Civil Service are also having 
difficulty finding recruits. 

13 die as crowded 
van crosses M4 

. By Tim Jones and Nicholas Beeston 

Police are to investigate 
whether drugs or drink were 
involved in foe M4 crash 
yesterday in which 13 people 
were killed when a heavily 
overloaded transit van carry- 
ing fens from a pop festival 
crossed foe central crash barri- 

A family of four who died in 
their estate car were named 
last night by police as Mr John 
”vbn ICotze, aged 57, director 
of a- film company in 
Cirencester, Gloucestershire, 
his wife Elizabeth, aged 46, 
and two of their daughters 
Sacha, aged 16, and Leonie. 
aged 10, all of High Street, 
Sherstone, Wiltshire. 

Police said foe van ap- 
peared to have split open and 
disintegrated in foe crash at 
12.45 am yesterday. Most of 
foe dead were badly mutilated 
and identification was 

It took firemen and 
ambulancemen 15 minutes to 
reach the crash site near 
Maidenhead, Berkshire, and 
the westbound section of foe 
motorway was closed for five 
hours as victims were cut out 
of the wreckage and the debris 
cleared away. 

Those who arrived at the 
scene of foe crash were sicken- 
ed by the sight Bodies were 
strewn over foe motorway and 
some victims were screaming 
in agony. 

Nine of foe victims, four 

expels two 

Lisbon (Reuter, AP) — Por- 
tugal yesterday ordered the 
expulsion of two Soviet Em- 
bassy officials for alleged acts 1 
against national security and 
interfering in Portuguese in- 
ternal affairs, the Foreign 
Ministry said. 

A ministry statement said 
Mr Vladimir Galkin and Mr 
Gennadi Chiniyev had been 
given three days to leave the 
country. . 

It accused them of “unac- 
ceptable interference in Portu- 
guese internal affairs against 
the security of the state” a 
formula which usually indi- 
cates involvement in spying 

Four Soviet diplomats were 
expelled on August 20, 1980. 

men and five women in their 
early teens and early 20s were 
in the transit van, meant to 
carry only three passengers, 
travelling towards London 
when it spun out of controL 
flipped over the crash barrier 
and landed in the path of foe 
car carrying foe von Kotze 

Two severely injured young 
women from the van. hired 
from RayreniaL at Merstham. 
Surrey, were in a critical 
condition last night at foe 

Parliament 4 

Government inquiry 20 

Photographs 20 

Royal Berkshire Hospital 

Two other cars were in- 
volved in the crash but none 
of the occupants was seriously 

Later police identified three 
of the victims from foe van as 
Mr James Fitt, aged 28. a van 
driver, and his brother Antho- 
ny, aged 22, both of Court 
Avenue, Coulsdon. Surrey: 
and Miss Donna Jarvie, aged 
20, of Windermere Road, 

After visiting foe scene of 
the accident early yesterday 
morning Mr Peter Botiomley, 
Under-Secretary of Slate for 
Transport, said there would be 
a full and urgent inquiry into 

Continued on page 20. col 6 

England lost the second 
Test match — and foe series — 
to India at Headrngley yester- 
day, their seventh successive 
Test defeat. 

Resuming their second in- 
nings at 90 for six, they were 
dismissed for 128, giving In- 
dia victory by 279 runs. India 
lead 2-0 with one Test to play. 
• The bookmakers William 
Hill are to refund all stake 
money io customers who bet 
on Sunday’s England-Argenii- 
na World Cup quarter-final 
ending in a draw. 

A spokesman said: “We 
were stunned when their first 
goal, a blatant handball, was 
allowed. We feel that the 
moral result should have been 
I- 1 Cricket, page 40 
Football, page 38 

Tennis players will not be punished for drugs 

By John Goodbedy chairman of foe Men’s Inter- \ o 1 feeling is also that most of director of the Chelsea D 

arts News Correspondent national Professional Tennis { , ,_«■££ or I tennis is dean.” Control Centre, said that 

r’Amunl eot/1 that a vtldudt I "k ” , I Me TViirinr navaiwl Mina «i-loS*iIt h«*r- ^ 

By John Goodbedy chairman of foe Men’s Inter- 

Sports News Correspondent national Professional Tennis 

fonndto have hfcen d rags snei rrfnsai tobe testedor mated 
^w^n^"£. OT a ® ! % oftf ht were positire Oil three 

MUMS mp Dot btsmpeBded mtrmt ocraS. 

•• * r ° r time 175 men 

f P^ers as well «s 30 empires 
n lt , f rofcssi0nats sa,d and four officials are being 
yesterday. - tested once daring WimWe- 

Mr Mike Davies, executive don, following a decision last 
director of the ATP, foe November of the MIPTC. 
players* international onion. It accepted foe proposal of 
said: “No one in tennis will foe- ATT that urine analysis 
know if . the tests are positive, shoold take place at op to two 
If anyone is gnllty we want to of five tournaments every year, 
help foe player, not punish .These are Wimbledon,* the 

damages 18 Science.. 
Business 21-26 Sport 31 
Own 18 Thtttrea.«e 
Crosswords I A20 TVAJbdh 

Diary 16 U nwe naoes 

Festeres 14-16 Weather • 
fr'fr fr'sSr ; 


, Any player whose tests 
prove positive will he instruct- 
ed to undergo treatment with a 
psychiatrist specializing in 
drug abase. 

United States Open, foe 
French, tiro Australian, end 
the Liptons Players 
International, _ 

' Dr Robert Leach, head phy- 
sician to the 1984 United 

Mr Davies, who is also States Olympic team said: 

p r si 


qe\ 6 

‘■There is a strong feeling on 
the circuit that a few players 
hare been involved in so-called 
recreational drugs. The strong 

feeling is also that most of 
tennis is dean.” 

Mr Davies agreed. “Tennis 
is potentially a problem be- 
cause ft is a high pressure 
sport with lots of travelling: 
We want to make certain that 
we disprove any nuuoms and 
show that tennis is a dean 

Mr Ron Bookman, depnty 
executive director of foe ATP, 
stressed that the testing is for 
recreational drugs rather than 
those that can enhance perfor- 
mance and analysis is only 
being done for cocaine, heroine 
and amphetamines, not drags 
snefa as anabolic steroids. 

But amphetamines can cer- 
tainly boost performances 
which is why they are pro- 
scribed by the International 
Olympic Committee. 

Dr David'Cowan, associate 

director of the Chelsea Drug 
Control Centre, said that co- 
caine, which has been widely 
used by players in American 
football, basketball and base- 
ball can also affect competi- 
tive performances. 

“There is no question that it 
improves alertness. It can 
sustain s tamina and endur- 
ance. It might also help a 
player through foe pain 

• Boris Becker of West Ger- 
many, the defending men’s 
singles champion, yesterday 
handed over foe £1,880 cheque 
for winning his first round 
match at Wimbledon to foe 
Duchess of Kent as a donation 
to UniceL Kevin Cnrren, beat- 
en by Becker in last year's 
final was knocked out by a 
West German. Eric Jelexu 

Reports, pages 37, 40 

An easing in the British 
Government's hardline stance 
on South Africa became ap- 
parent yesterday with the 
announcement that a Foreign 
Office minister will meet Mr 
Oliver Tam bo, acting head of 
the African National Con- 
gress. There were also further 
indications that it will reluc- 
tantly go along with economic 
measures agreed by the EEC. 

The threatened split in the 
Tory ranks over ibe 
Government’s approach to 
foe crisis moved a step nearer 
with foe confirmation that 
Mrs Lynda Chalker. Minister 
of State at foe Foreign Office, 
will see Mr Tambo tomorrow, 
the first such contact with a 
banned organization which 
has refused to renounce vio- 
lence in its efforts to over- 
throw foe Pretoria Tegime. 

The anger of foe Conserva- 
tive right was further ftjelled 
by foe disclosure that a group 
of Conservative MPs favour- 
ing lough measures against 
South Africa has invited Mr 
Tambo to a meeting at foe 
Commons today. 

Mr John Carlisle, MP for 
Luton North and secretary of 
foe South Africa group of 
MPs. said foe Prime Minister 
now appeared to be listening 
to foe liberal-wing of foe 
Conservative Party. 

“It is to foe shame of this 

Cabinet to 

By Philip Webster 

The Government’s line in 
advance of foe European 
Council summit in The Hague 
on Thursday and Friday will 
be discussed in detail today by . . 

a meeting of the Cabinet's . ^ a f nv ~ 

overseas and defence com- m 8 a * Heathrow yesterday, 

There were strong indica- 
tions last night that foe Gov- 
ernment would be prepared to 
back a European Community 
financed programme to assist 
foe education of black South 
Africans, to help them play a 
bigger role in society, and to 
demonstrate to foe South 
African Government the con- 
cern for change. 

But after a meeting yester- 
day of an inner group consist- 
ing of the Prime Minister. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, foe Foreign Mr Oliver Tambo: meeting 
Continued on page 7, col 1 at Foreign Office today. 

finding it necessary to talk to 
terrorists,” he said. “The Gov- 
ernment has no place in 
talking to people who are 
unashamed bombers and 
want to see the violent over- 
throw of foe South African 

He described those fellow- 
MPs due to see Mr Tambo 
today as “a disgrace to foe 
Conservative Party. 

The Prime Minister now 
appeared to be set on the road 

Leading article 17 

of negative sanctions, Mr 
Carlisle claimed. 

But Mr Hugh Dykes, a 
founder member of Conserva- 
tives for Fundamental Change 
in South Africa, which has 
organized foe Tambo meeting, 
said foe ANC case had not 
been put over properly in the 

“There is a distorted view 
from Pretoria of it being a 
terrorist organization. But it is 
a broad-based national move- 

He and his colleagues did 
not condone terrorist acts but 
foe South African security 
forces carried out more terror- 
ism than foe ANC. 

“You only have to look at 
foe number of people killed by 
foe security forces compared 
with incidents involving foe 
see that," 






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Inner-city rebuilding 
projects will provide 
work for local blacks 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

Building contractors apply- 
ing for Government work in 
the inner cities are to be 
expected to take on local 

In a policy aimed particu- 
larly at tackling unemploy- 
ment among blacks and 
Asians, Mr Kenneth Clarke, 
the Minister for Employment, 
is seeking a series of 
‘•gentlemen’s agreements" 
with developers taking con- 
tracts in the eight task force 
areas set up by the Govern- 
ment in its inner-city initia- 
tive four months ago. 

Although that does not 
mean legally enforced employ- 
ment quotas, the clear impli- 
cation is that firms unwilling 
to cooperate with the Gov- 
ernment will be less likely to 
get the contracts. 

The move, expected to be 
highly controversial among 
some Tory backbenchers op- 
posed to positive discrimina- 
tion or the American-style 
-contract compliance", was 
foreshadowed by Mr Clarke in 
a speech yesterday in Birming- 
ham, where the Hands worth 
district is one of the chosen 
task force areas. 

He also outlined other pro- 
posals under which housing 
associations and other inner- 
city bodies are to be encour- 
aged to form co-operative 
groups of building workers to 

take on contracts themselves 
for the improvement of the 
more run-down parts of their 
districts: and the task forces 
will be working with private 
industry to set up black enter- 
prise agencies and skill train- 
ing facilities. 

Mr Oarke, speaking to Bir- 
mingham Chamber of Com- 
merce. said: “We must do a 
great deal more to ensure that 

Bristol, Middlesbrough, 
Leicester, and North Kensing- 
ton and North Peckham m 

Mr Carte said that before 
work on Birmingham's new 
convention centre and hotels 
was completed the Govern- 
ment would put together agen- 
cies to recruit and .train people 
from nearby inner-city dis- 
tricts who could eventually 

great deal more to ensure mat tncts who could eventually 
fixture urban development provide the staff required, 
projects in these inner-city H on the big retail 

“ ESSf fl ?r s ld!fod and financial servicesraiploy- 
opportuniUes and rialled in ^ dty t0 check 

training for their inhabitants. Ihat th - anH 

When it was put to Mr 
Oarke in a BBC radio. inter- 
view that his proposals 
sounded like positive dis- 
crimination, he said: “Posi- 
tive action not positive 

While he was opposed to 
legal quotas he was m favour 
of steps that ensured that 
residents of deprived 
neighbourhoods were not ex- 
cluded from employment on 
grounds of race. 

He said in Birmingham that 
be hoped an agreement would 
soon be reached with a major 
contractor to employ local 
labour in the Handsworth task 
force area. He also hoped 
eventually to take the ap- 

He called on the big retail' 
and financial services employ- 
ers in the city centres to cheat 
that their recruitment and 
training policies offered fair 
job opportunities to local 

• A senior Conservative 
backbencher accused Mr 
Clarke of “racial discrimina- 
tion against whites" in his 
employment proposals. 

Mr Nicholas Fairbaira, MP 
for Penh and Kinross and a 
former Solicitor General for 
Scotland, said: “Mr Clarice 
should come to Scotland and 
the inner cities there where he 
will find no blacks but a lot of 
Scots and a lot of unemployed. 

“If he wants to spend 
money he should spend it on 
the British people who have 
been here since the onion of 

Lesson in 
British TV 
satire for 


RnshbuL her anburn hair and admiring her reflection. uuspnorograpn m i pw«w «tpiu roguson «hh» mw* 
isusning auuuiu |VQss Rrtva Rxtsi, her former Finnish naiuiy, and was taken m 1961. 

proach into building and re- the Crown and he should not 
fiirbishraent work in the other indulge .in racial discrimina- 

areas: in Leeds, Manchester, tion against whites.’ 

Vote stops 
rates bills 
for poor 

Arbitration will 
cut costly cases 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
.Many would-be litigants pense and delays of in - court 

Government plans to make j 
the poor and unemployed pay i 
rates were left in tatters last 
night after a serious defeat in 
the House of Lords spearhead- 1 
ed by the Bishop of Durham. I 
A Labour amendment to ; 
the Social Security Bill allow- 
ing full rate rebates to housing ; 
benefit claimants was passed 
by 89 votes to 86. 

The decision, means that . 
the Government will have to ! 
reconsider its plans to make i 
the poorest people pay a| 

will be able to avoid expensive 
court proceedings and turn 
instead to an arbitrator to 
settle their disputes, under the 
first full-scale . arbitration 
scheme, launched today. 

The scheme, the first to be 
run by barristers, will be 
administered by the Common 
Law Association, which is 
keen to encourage this alterna- 
tive to the conventional court 

Arbitration at present repre- 

Neutrons to fight 

airline terrorism 

Sswl Uofa* film and tele- 
vision producers are to be 
treated to an mnsual course in 
satirizing national politicians 
rtik week, courtesy of the 
creators of Spitting Image 
(Garin Bril writes). 

A selection of sketches from 
the Central Television series 
win be among more than 50 
programmes to be shown at 
the Union of Cinem atogra- 
phers m Moscow tiering a ffre- 
day season of British 
television from all channels. 

Central TV said the selec- 
tion included “some Russian 
material'*. The decision 
whether to select scenes such 
as Mr Gorbachev glowing 
6ms the after-effects of 
Chernobyl has been entrusted 
by the The Great Britain. 
USSR Association to a British 
media specialist, who flew to 
Moscow yesterday raking the 
tern* of his choice with him. 

Leading article, page 17 

By Michael Baily, Transport Editor - 

A breakthrough in the fight meats on “ramp" staff who 

work behind the 

Turkey trial 

proceedings: courts “are con- 
gested, and long delays are 

Under the scheme, for a fee 
of £25. a skilled barrister or, 
where the parties wish it, a 

te aSSotouri Looking thoughtful. Miss Ferguson poses for a photograph 
SSBS ftSSS withftUss Roai, who described her as a “lively little girt*. 

a dispute, normally dealt with 

in the Chancery Division, Ulster Assembly 

v; ,„ . . ■ 

against airline terrorists will work be 
be- in operation at .selected airports, 
airports next year, technical Qatari 
experts of the International 
Air Transport Association -qj, ^ 
(feta) disclosed in Geneva have bet 
yesterday. gling we 

Known as the thermal neu- on to air 
tron activator, itwfll bombard stride 
suspect items, such as passen- nsttidk 
ger baggage, with neutrons to baggage 
set up a chemical reaction if 
nitrogen (used in most explo- ^ther u 
rives) is present. ports are 

It is being developed in the consider 
United States onder a while 
$10 million research grant w jfl ai w 
from the Federal Aviation stan tial 
Administration in association ma de in 
with the Inter-Governmental Wallis s 
CtvQ Aviation Organization . |Q . 

based in Montreal. 

It should be available for violent 
use at airports in portable palestra 
form and could be a major menl ^ 
breakthrough, Mr Rodney were m 
Wallis, Iata’s head of security, year> xi 
said. • to 20 to 

scenes at 

WflHamFriary, aged IS, of 
Drayton Road, Hariesden, 
London; and his brother 
James, aged 2L, a Civil Ser- 

fatwing ami cleaning staff | varit, of Piteess Anne Ttr- 
who have access to. aircraft trace, Loddon, Norfolk, were 

“on the ramp” are known to 
have' been involved in smug- 
gling weapons and explosives 
on to aircraft, Mr Wallis said. 

Stricter enforcement of the 
restriction to one item of hand 
bagga ge only, mid purchase of 
duty-free goods on arrival 
rather than departure at air- 
ports are other measures being 
considered, feta says. 

While the risk of terrorism 

remanded in custody for seven 
days by Norwich magistrates 
yesterday, charged with de- 
manding more than £50,000 
rift nances from . Mr Ber- 
nard Matthews, the Norfolk 
turkey producer. ! 

iDenby charge 

Philip Calaghan, aged 28, 
unemployed, oF British Street, 
Bow, east London, accused of 

matieinthe^Tlol^Mr Denby, a sotidtray wm yrater- 
Wafiis said. day remnded faagndy for a 

, ,rr n -jj, week. Conne Laporfe, a wait- 

In 1970. possiblythe peak ^*g„i25,w M renHUKledoB 

ap frw tDrmnCm nfJTh tniW* . .. . — . .. . - . 

Tougher controls are also 
being imposed by go vein- 

year for terrorism with three 
violent acts involving the 
Palestine liberation move- 
ment alone, terrorist actions 
were running at 70 to 80 a 
year. That had been reduced 
to 20 to 25 a year, which was 
not exceeded last year in spilt 
of media attention. 

[Record delay 

in the Chancery Division, 
would be dealt with by a 
chancery specialist. 

Under a special code of 

the poorest people pay a an imgauon: uonaon oas long 
minimum of 20 per cent of been acemre for commercial 

sems only a small fraction of procedure, he will aim to 
ail litigation: London has long ensure they are resolved fairly. 

their rates bill. 

The controversial rates pay- 
ment plan was intended by 

ministers to prevent the elec- 
tion of high spending local 

But the Bishop of Durham, 
the Right Rev David Jenkins, 
said: “It does seem that many 
measures in this Bill are 
designed to make life more 
cruel for people who are 
suffering already.” 

Lady Jeger, the Labour peer 
who moved the successful 
amendment, said the govern- 
ment plans were disgraceful. 

Earlier the Government suf- 
fered a 29-vote defeat when 
peers agreed to give financial 
protection to newly-disabled 
people and the handicapped 
already claiming additional 
payments until the 
Government's new income 
support scheme starts in 1988. 

Parliament, page 4 

arbitration but outride ship- 
ping, building and commodity 
areas of law, it is scarcely used. 

Under the new scheme. 
however, it is hoped that a 
wide range of disputes, involv- 
ing individuals as well as 
companies, will be referred to 
arbitration for settlement, 
varying from claims arising 
from road traffic accidents or 
medical negligence, to part- 
nership disputes, or disputes 
between large companies en- 
gaged in international trade. 

Mr Peter CresweU, QC, 
chairman of the London Com- 
mon Law Bar Association, 
said: “What we are trying to 
do is to provide another 
means of resolving disputes, 
which are supplementary to 
the courts and which in cer- 
tain cases' will provide far 
greater speed, flexibility and. 
hopefully, significant savings 
in expenses." 

There was great public con- 
cern, he said, about the ex- 

quickly and economically. He 
will be able to use whatever 
procedure he considers appro- 
priate for resolving the dispute 
and can conduct the bearing 
wherever the parties wish him 
to conduct it 

The proceedings, which can 
be cut to the absolute mini- 
mum after maximum use of 
written submissions before- 
hand, are private; there is no 
right of appeal on a question 
of feet and appeals on law can 
be brought only with the 
agreement of all parties. In 
general arbitration awards 
have greater finality than 
court j udgemems. 

Legal aid is not yet available 
for arbitration, although Mr 
CresweU said yesterday that it 
was hoped in the future to be 
extended to it. 

The London Bar Arbitration 
Scheme: the arbitration sec- 
retary, London Common Law 
Bar Association. 1 1 South 
Square. Gray’s Inn. London 

Ulster Assembly Allegation 

Police charge ‘loyalist’ sit-in details put 

By Richard Ford 1,1 the politicians from the cham- fn StOlkPr frirl ITinrdftr 

Biro nnlire hnTorw.han*eri A total of 4.099 soldiers have her at Rnm was droooed. kJ Iftllxvl • -VaiA* UlUiltvl 

By Richard Ford — ■■■■ — .. .■ 

Riot police baton-charged A total of 4099 soldiers have 
hundreds of “loyalists" an the been wounded in Northern 
steps of Stormont last night as - Ireland between the start of 
rebel Unionists defied Paiiia- the latest troubles in August 

The body of an Army offic- 
er’s daughter was found yes- 

ment with a sit-in in the . 1969 and Jane 19, 1986, the 
Northern Ireland Assembly Government disclosed 

. Mr John Stalker, the senior terday* on the edge of one of 
police officer removed from- Britain’s biggest Army ceuips. 


Trouble erupted at the door 
to the Stormont building 
when loyalists attempted to 
force their way into the en- 
trance hall 

There were several arrests 
as the police moved into the 
crowd. The rioting flared as a 
rebel group of loyalists contin- 
ued a length y debate inside 
the assembly chamber six 
hours after it had been formal- 
ly dissolved. . 

A 260-strong force of Royal 


foe in 

airy into ^foe .Royal } Julie Harrison, aged lfi, a 
ronstabulary. was yes* 1 waitress, died a quarter of a 

Ulster Constabulary officers 
were drafted into the grounds 
at Stormont but the Govern- 
ment was playing a waiting 
game to avoid giving the 
Democratic Unionist Party 

dragged off foe chamber. 

Mr Tom King, Northern 
Ireland Secretary of State, 
demanded that foe police 
avoid confrontation with 
Unionists as a plan to remove 

today told for the first limb mile from her parents' home at 
foe details of the disciplinary Catterick Garrison, Not* 

to dtaiKer Girl murder 

leader ^ Democratic *y Baer Da™j>ort 

SSist Paiw - Mr John Stalker, the senior terday> on the edge of put of 

foechaSto- officer removed from Britain’s biggest Armycws. 

fof. inqoiry. into.foe , Royal gfie H arrison, a 

dissolution that thev would be Ulster Constabulary, was yes* waitress, died a quarter of a 
mSred OTN^r fo^ ■ iciday told for the first limb maefromherpareuts'hoiwst 
moved only by force. The details of the disciplinary Catterick Garrison, Nor* 

The large number of police allegations against him. Yorkshire. She had bees sexu- 
amved at Stormont before They were given at a meet- ally assaulted. : 

3.53pm, which _nwked^the between Mr Striker and a _ _. A1 ^| 

yrt ."S he r one of his lawyers. Mr Peter AerOSOl DCnl 
i« : feted «»mauve aimed at ukin. and Mr Colin Samp- Two aerosol nnSicts sold in 
bringing devolution to Ulster. ^ Chief Constable of West 

A message that the Privy Yorkshire. . - dangerous, the Department of 

Council in London had agreed The meeting, ai the Wake- -twIT yesterday. The 
to dissolve the 78-member field headquarters of West air freshener and 

Assembly was read to Assem- Yorkshire police, lasted one- ‘fjadaf fly spray produce a 

allegations against him. Yorkshire. She had been sexo- 

They were given at a meet- alb’ assaulted. . 
ing between Mr Striker and a 
one of his lawyers, Mr Peter AerOSOl PCIII 

Lakin, and Mr Colin Samp- 
son, Chief Constable of West 

Two aerosol products sold iu 
London and the South-east are 
dangerous, the Departmrot of 

field headquarters of West ‘Boufelan’ air freshener and 

bly members by the speaker,. 
Mr James Kilfedder. 


massive jet of flame when 

Divorce ban faces 

— J®-.- 


GCHQ staff 
not allowed to 




of HJs Royal Highness The Prince Andrew to Mbs Sarah 

Ferguson bos inspired our craftsmen to create an oat- 

standing Sterling Silver Collection with a navel theme. 

Pictured b the magnificent “Jolty Boat” Wine Coaster 

bearing a pair of Royal Brierley Crystal Decanters. Other 

Heats range from an Alms Dbh at £200 to a sliver mounted 

Crystal Claret Jug at £1,250. For further Information please 

repay money 

Two GCHQ workers had 
not been allowed to pay back 
£1,000 they received in return 
for giving up their union 
membership, Mr Tim Renton, 
a Foreign Office minister, said 
last night. 

Mr Alan Wiliams, an Op- 
position frontbench spokes- 
man, had said in foe 
Commons that when foe em- 
ployees had iried to return the 
compensation the GCHQ 
management had returned the 

Mr Renton said foe money 
was refused by GCHQ be- 
cause it was * an ex -gratia 
payment made in recognition 
of foe withdrawal of foe 
workers' statutory rights 

Sir Robert Armstrong, foe 
Cabinet Secretary, told the 
Whitehall unions yesterday it 
would be “surprising" if 
GCHQ trade unionists who 
were recently disciplined for 

Ireland's cons titutio na l ban 
on divorce is being challenged 
in the European Court of Hu- 
man Rights, two days before 
the continuation of the ban Is 
to be submitted to national 

The proceedings before the 
Strasbourg Human Rights Ju- 
diciary have forced foe Irish 
government to propose legisla- 
tion on the states of illegiti- 
mate children. The govern- 
ment also finds itself defend- 

W drams, who have fired to- 
gether since 1971 and hare a 
daughter aged eight. They 
claim the ban on divorce bar- 
red them from setting up a le- 
gitimate family 

Dr Johnston was married in 
1952 and has three children 
from that marriage. He and 
his wife separated in 1965. 

His case, backed by several 
thousand members of Ire- 
land's Divorce Action group. 

Mr Sampson is leading the ignited. They should be emp- 
i investigation into Mr Stalker, tied in foe open air and thrown 

ing the ban before the court suffered a setback last year 
while pressing for constite- when foe European Comnris- 

tional change at home. 

The appeal to the court was 
brought by a Dublin couple. 
Dr Roy Johnston and Janice 

s/on of Human Rights upheld 
the divorce baa. The commis- 
sion said the right to many 
guaranteed by foe European 

Convention on Human Rights 
did not include the right to 
divorce and marry again. It 
rejected the claim of Dr John- 
ston, a Protestant, that Irish 
laws forced on him foe ethics 
of the Roman Catholic: 

The government argued that . 
it woold have never accepted i 
the convention’s right to marry 
had It even Implied foe right to 
a divorce. Dr Johnston's case, 
if upheld, the government 
contended, would give a Stras- 
bourg court a “supra-national 
drvoroe ju ris di ction” and the 
unacceptable power to impose 
on Ireland an internatioqai 
code of ethics. 

the deputy chief constable of away. 
Greater Manchester, and has y> . « 
also replaced him as head of xii 
foe inquiiy into an alleged 

Print airests 

Seven people were arrested 

policy operated 

byfoeRUC ~ mo „ riMnnnctrarinn at the 

quiry. • 

He was to hear a tape re- 
cording from an M15 surveil- 
lance device which may have 

change in foe RUG. 


Abolition fails to curb 
the increase in costs 

By Hugh Clayton 

Council spending is acceler- the extent to which councils 

ating fast in spite of govern- 
ment efforts to hold it down, 
according to an investigation 
of budgets prepared for the 
Association of Connty 

The survey showed that 
abolition of the Greater Lon- 
don Council and other large 

send for our brochure. 

rejoining unions were disci- ’authorities had failed to curb 
plined again within two years, some spending in their areas. 

The 1 3 rejoiners’ penalty was 
loss of pay increments for two 

The union delegation at yes- 
leray's talks urged the Gov- 
ernment not to persist with its 
“draconian" penalties against 
workers at foe GCHQ com- 
munications centre at Chel- 

Mr Jack Barton, director of 
finance at Cambridgeshire 
County Council who com- 
piled the survey, 
wrote: “Bud gets have moved 
dramatically away from , gov- 
ernment plans, both in En- 
gland and in Wales." 

The level of “overspend." 

spend more than ministers 
think they ought to, had risen 
sharply this year. Low over- 
spends in foe past two years . 
were hailed by ministers as 
evidence of the success of rate 
capping and . other measures 
against municipal 


This year, in spite of foe 
continuation of many of the 
curbs, the overspend in En- 
gland has risen to 5.5 percent , 
from 1.4 per cent two years 

The survey showed a mix- 
ture of trends in greater Lon- 
don and the English 
metropolitan areas, whose 
councils were abolished in foe 


Radiation reports hit lamb prices 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

a Jo8y BootT £3^50. 

TELEPHONE 01-734 7020 

Market prices for lamb have 
plummeted as a result of foe 
j disclosure of high radiation 
j levels in sheep in North Wales 
[and Cumbria, believed to be 
the result of fall-out from the 
1 Chernobyl nuclear power 
plant explosion in foe Soviet 
; Union. 

The ban on foe movement or 
slaughter of sheep in the 
! affected areas, announced by 
[foe Ministry of Agriculture 
last Friday, has caused great 

apprehension in foe trade. 

The. Meat and livestock 
Commission said yesterday, 
that wholesale prices had 
dropped by more than 50p a 
kilogram to about £135 in 
Britain as a whole, and to 
£137 in Scotland and £1.46 in 

Officials pointed out that 
part of the fell was because of 
normal seasonal factors, as 
more young Iambs reached the 
market, bat fogy would not 

have expected prices to fell 
below £1.60 to £1.70. 

Mr Colin Cullimore, man- 
aging director of the Dewhnrst 
chain of butchers* shops, said 
he had received reports that 
orders placed by wholesalers 
with slaughterhouses were 
down by about half. 

. Mr Cullimore said he had 
asked for-reports from every 
abattoir in Britain and would 
announce the findings at a 
press conference today. 

Financial and Accounting 
Chief Executives 
Managing Directors 

Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. 



- J rears * ; ‘ r 

will always be present, rob- 



baft until Jidy 21 on a similar 
charge at Bow Street 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday. 

Bad weather yesterday frus- 
trated Mr Richard Branson’s 
hopes of makinga new attempt 
on the transatlantic Blue Rib- 
and speed record. Mr 
Branson's new £13 million 
boat, Vfrgin Atlantic Chal- 
lenger II, was due to set off 
from Ambrose Light New 
York, at 6am today. • 

•Jv:.- v- :• 

1 i. . 

n ■ 

i •" 1 1 • , 

mcc; : 

4 lied \ Mi 

^ ing a demonstration at the 

Mr Stalker was ordered to News International plant at 

lake extended leave on May Wapping, east London, yester- 
29, four days before he was day. A police spokesman said 
due to return to Belfast to a crowd of about 600, divided 

resume foe final and most sen- into three groups, gathered 
sitive phase ofhis two-year in- outside foe plant, but dis- 

persed at midday- 

Britannia refit 

The Royal Yacht Britannia 

throws fresh light on one of is to have an extensive refit 
foe ^looting incidents. He was next year at Devouport naval 

also to put foe finishing dockyard, where workers fast 
touches to a series of more week signed a uo-strike agree- 

than 40 recommendations for I mest to try to secure the 


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Angry doctors declare 
NHS needs ‘massive 


■By Nicholas Ti mmins , Social Services Correspondent 

; Li. 

h. •- - 1 ' 

. vt f ; 

•,.ii •■ * " 

, ■> 3 ^ ' 

v! : uiU^ 

The National Health Sep- hospital, 
vice is in danger of felling tientsha 
apart and needs a massive anappoi: 
infusion of funds iust to stand tologist, 
still, the British Medical Asso- nose and 
ciatioo said yesterday. - 14 week* 

Doctors at the BMA’sannu- appoints 
al representative meeting in Shorn 
Scarborough listed ward do- taries me 
sures, hospital pharmacies asked to 
shot to out-patients and long for tests 
waits even to see a hospital hopsital ; 
specialist before patients go on built bef 
the waiting list. War. “M 

Dr John Maries, chairman a worse t 
of the association’s council, years ago 
said the public had been nrM„ 
“bamboozled and meaner- m;tn zffl 
feed by a series of govern- fnr | 
ments that have told them 
itame NHS is the envy of the 

Britain was now one of the . 
lowrat genders on ^ih care SSSfeta 
m the western world, he said, JZ 
and the NHS. one of ftn 
greatest social experiments in rrrL ,vT; 

SKy?.'* ^ of “ 

It was, however, not too late In son 

to rescue a service that still people du 
represented marvellous value hospital 
for money. “It needs a mas- turned at 
sive infusion of funds merely rived on 
to stand still and it needs the emetgjenci 

hospital, Barnet General, pa- 
tients had to wait 10 weeks for 
an appointment with a derma- 
tologist, 15 weeks to see an ear 
nose and throat specialist and 
14 weeks for an orthopaedic 

Shortages of medical secre- 
taries meant GPs were being 
asked to limit their requests 
for tests, and part of his 
hopsital son consisted of huts 
built before the First World 
War. “My patients are getting 
a worse deal than they got 10 
years ago.” 

Dr Maurice Burrows, chair- 
man of the central committee 
for hospital medical services, 
said information from ISO 
hospitals showed that 70 per- 
cent had beds temporarily 
dosed, or consultants were 
complaining they were having 
to discharge patients earlier 
than they felt was right in 
order that others could be 

political will to put more of available beds. 

In some cases, be said, 
people due to be admitted to 
hospital were' having to be 
turned away when they ar- 
rived oh the wards because 
emergencies had taken up the 

«re “euphemisms for real £uvi£d a hear attack, con 
011 ^ . sidering them “cardiac cripp 

<■ ^ ■ a ^4 n0a ' < S?“ lest" 1 aftonding to a surveybj 
from the introduction of gro- doctors, 
cery-siore type” general [ man- Trade unions are unlikely tc 

agement patients could ree rome I0 ^ aid of such men 
they were waning longer for ^ onc ^ ^Tse ii 

h^pnal appomtmems and the b *kely to have returned tc 

%°L re< S: work 18 months alter becom- 
tributmg money from the 

better-off parts of the NHS to ^ survey, carried out 
tire po<^er was coming hospital doctors in Newport 
through at a tune of economic Qwent, involved 55 forraei 
depression. patients, of whom 42 were 

But doctors at the meeung trade union raembere. Only 
dashed over whether the pro- of those received any 

c f ss s ^°r^ T practical help in negotiations 

changed. Dr James Appleyard. for lighler duUes ^ ^dundan- 
a consultant paediatrician cy pav-^n “unfortunate” 
from Kent, aid the fonmiia s ]/ ck support, the doctors 
use of standard death rates to Hv 
help U) distribute the money During the 18 months after 
meant it was “a service for their heart attack. 37 of the 

' men lost their jobs. They in- 

The formula did not recog- cluded l3 wh 0 J l00 t early re- 

TUZ ii? e i* V? ^- 0 L s P eaail ^ tirement, 10 who were made 
centres. U inhibited research redundant, and four who were 
and ignored the soaal needs of dismissed “as a direct result” 
tiie populanoiL The existing 0 f their initial collapse. 


Employers |HHE| 

‘cardiac R 

By Thomson Prentice 
Many employers refuse to 

give jobs to men who have ' . =j f 

survived a heart attack, con- ^ 'wF' 

sidering them “cardiac cripp- V 

tes.” according to a survey by E^B • . * 

doctors. ^^B 

Trade unions are unlikely to H| >. ^ 

come to the aid of such men, ... 

mid barely one in three is BH ^ J. 

likely to have returned to MB-, w j^SBBra;' > 
work 1 8 months after becom- IjNt ' ' v * 

^'The survey, carried out by flB .tv 

hospital doaors in Newport, :f§ 

Gwent, involved 55 former ' ■- .. v h^ j 

patients, of whom 42 were TtB 

trade union members. Only ^BB‘ . B, 

three of those received any ^ ; V 

practical help in negotiations ' f 

tor lighter duties or red un dan- ^^B . f 

cy pay — an “unfortunate” KB. 
lack of support, the doctors 
say. BB B 

During the 18 months after 
their heart attack. 37 of the ?;*''•' . . 
men lost their jobs. They in- . 
eluded 13 who took eariy re- •. 

tirement, 10 who were made 
redundant, and four who were 


the national resources, a high- 
er percentage of the gross 
national product, into it.” 

To cries of “you are lucky” 
from doctors in the' confer- 
ence, he said that at his local 

Fears for 
over pill 

Some doctors cannot be 
trusted to beep confidential a 
request from a girl aged mider 
16 for the contraceptive pQL, 
Dr John Marks, chairman of 
council of the British Medical 
Association said yesterday. 

The General Medical Corn- 
ea must yet again reconsider 
its adrice to doctors so that 
doctors would have to justify 
any derision to tell the parents 
and would risk disciplinary 
action if they faQed to do so. 

“The patient must be aMe to 
assume that her confidential- 
ity will be respected,” he tnM 
the association's ammalmeet- 
iftg in Scarborough. 

The difference between the 
association's position and the 
advice of the council oik the : 
issue was now smaller than it' 

Dr Marks said the message 
that the NHS was in trouble 
was beginning to get through. 
The public was beginning to 
see that cash limits and cost 
improvement programmes 

formula was “a recipe for 
disaster and cannot be 

But doctors for regions 
which gain from the process 
said it must continue, and an 
attempt to get the association 
to oppose it failed Dr Marks 
said the association believed 
that it should continue, but 
with higher health service 
spending, so that better-off 
regions were not cut. 

Doctors urged to 
put end to waste 

Doctors can not demand 
more cash for the health 
service with total honesty 
until they are sure waste has 
been eliminated, a doctor 
turned general manag er said 

Mr Russell Hopkins, a con- 
sultant - in oral and ferial 

More money was needed for 
the health service. “But we 
cannot protest with total hon- 
esty until we have eliminated 
waste within the hospital 

• Competitive tendering is 
saving the National Health . 

The average age of the men 
i was just over 53. Most worked 
in light manual jobs, but only 
one in four of the heavy 
manual workers retained his 
job. Three of the group were in 
professions, and their bean 
conditions had “no discern- 
ible effects” on their 

The report says a counsel- 
ling service is needed for 
patients recovering from such , 
attacks, to encourage them to 
return to an active and profit- 
able life. It would offer them 
individual advice about 
health problems, lifestyle and 

Most of the men question- 
ned in the survey said they 
wanted a counselling sendee 
specifically for heart attack 
patients. The doctors' survey 
is published in the June issue 
of the Journal of the Royal 
Society of Medicine. 

Brief Israeli diversion 

While altra-ortbodox Jews 
are burning and spraying post- 
ers of scantily-clad women at 
borne, the Israeli government 
yesterday paraded a bevy of 
models in Hyde Park wearing 
the latest, and briefest Israeli 
swimwear, to promote fashion 
and tourism. 

The campaign against 
“lewd” posters, by religions 
extremists in Israel who re- 
gard even short sleeves as 

indecent forced advertisers to 
withdraw certain posters. 

Bnt Mr Rafi Baeri, director 
of the Israeli government tour- 
ist office in London was unper- 
turbed. “The ultra-extremists 
are only a very small minority, 
he said.” 

The Israeli models have all 
done their national service and 
two are still in the armed 

trial man 

By Michael HorsneU 

The man accused of mur- 
dering Leooi Keating col- 
lapsed in Ipswich Crown 
Court yesterday and was car- 
ried to the cells by prison 

Leoni. aged three, was kid- 
napped from a caravan site in 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, last 
September, where she was on 
holiday with her mother. 

Mr Michael HilL QC. for 
the prosecution, said that 
Gary Hopkins, aged 28. an 
unemployed labourer, from 
Bedford, had abducted her 
and driven her 70 miles to 
Barton Mills in Suffolk at 

There he sexually assaulted 
her and threw her into a relief 
channel of the river Lark with 
her hands tied, it was alleged. 

Mr Hopkins denies murder- 
ing the child between Septem- 
ber 12 and 18 last year but 
admits a charge of 

While the prosecution was 
showing the jury photographs | 
which the accused had taken 
of the murder scene, Mr 
Hopkins fainted. He returned 
to the dock after a 20-minute 

The child was on holiday 
with her mother. Mrs Gail 
Keating, aged 31, of Chiswick, 
west London, her sister, 
Nikki, now aged 14. and two 
other children at the Seashore 
caravan site. Great Yarmouth. 

Mr Hopkins got into their 
caravan with a key to find the 
little girl there. Mr Hill said. 

He look her away, and 
about five hours later his 
Rover car was seen parked by 
the water channel at Barton 
Mills. Three days after that the 
girl’s body was seen floating in 
the water by a woman walking 
her dogs. 

In a statement, Mrs Keating 
told the court that Leoni bad 
irregular sleeping habits but 
was normally in bed at nine. 
The trial continues today. 

are jailed 

Two brothers were jailed 
yesterday for the kidnapping 
last April of Mrs Jennifer 
Guinness, a merchant bank- 
er's wife. John Cunningham, 
aged 35. was sentenced to 17 
years and his brother Michael, 
aged 36, to 14 years at foe 
Circuit Criminal Court in 

Both admitted falsely im- 
prisoning Mrs Guinness, aged 
48. in a bonse m the Balls- 
bridge district of Dublin, on 
April 16. Mrs Guinness had 
been forced from her home at 
Honth, Dublin, by three arm- 
ed men »bo demanded a £2 
million ransom. 

Police Supt Tom McDer- 
mott said foe intruders gave a 
warning that she would have 
explosives strapped to her if 
she did not co-operate. 

“While they accept they 
played a central part in this 
they were not the initiators” 
Mr Patrick MacEotee, coun- 
sel for the Cunning bams, said. 
“They were approached by 
somebody who said he had 
inside knowledge and there 
was a lot of money to be picked 

“To that extent they did not 
provoke this criminal enter- 

Neither of the brothers had 
intended that foe Guinness 
(araily should pay the ransom 
money — it was understood 
that would come from an in- 
surance policy. 

Mr MacEntee said the man 
who approached his clients 
had not been charged in con- 
nection with foe affair. 

Supt McDermott rejected 
suggestions that foe Cunning- 
hams were not foe originators 
of foe plot. He said foe man 
they claimed to have ap- 
proached them was not in- 
volved in the early stages of 
foe abdnetion. 

Mr Justice Roe said Mrs 
Guinness must have had “an 
appalling experience” during 
her captivity. She was held 
under threat of death. 

sunani m oral and taaai Service £52 million a year, Mr 
suraeiy at the Univeraty of Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
Wales Hospital in Cardiff, State for Social Services, dis- 

said he found when taking 
over as general manager last 
August that the hospital was 
paying £20,000 a year in 
maintenance contracts on 
computers which no longer 

Consultants at his hospital 
had now agreed to a review of 
prescribing which would cut 
the bill for antibiotics by 
£250,000 a year forougb elimi- 

State for Social Services, dis- 
closed yesterday. 

In a Commons written reply 
he said: “The polity of com- 
petitive tendering is produo 
ing increasing benefits for the 
health service. The resources 
that are released are available 
for health authorities to spend 

“In the first quarter of 1986 
fortber savings of some. 
£10 million a year have been 

“It is now estimated that a 


Ofi— that a 

had been, with' foe couiicir;.-"^ 0 , 65 ^^^ expensive^ to taIof£52 milfibnayearwffl 
saying that doctors may. disr-. - ^ -be saved through competitive 

dose a consultation but only in “In my own hospital we tendering exercises completed 
exceptional circumstances. hope to save £600,000 on a ^ March 31, 1986.” 

“There are doctors who budget of £30 million on mea- He disdosed that 148 con- 
maintain that the mere fact sures that will not have any tracts have been let to private 
that the giri seeks coatracep- adverse effects on patient contractors with estimated an- 
tive advice Is proof that she is care,” Mr Hopkins said at the 0 ual savings of £21.5 million. 

immature and therefore they association's annual meeting. 

k.. u;. 

can ‘shop* her with impunity 
because the council says they 
may do so.” 

Inspire of the saving his 
hospital has had to close two 
wards during the summer 

tendering exercises completed 
by March 31, 1986.” 

He disdosed that 148 con- 
tracts have been let to private 
contractors with estimated an- 
nual savings of £21.5 million, 
while 522 have been secured 
by in-house organizations 
with gains of £30.5 million a 
year forecast 

Unleaded fuel ‘should , The young 
be freely sold by 1989’ in credit 

The Government intends for unleaded petrol could best swa-a**] 
that there should teat leasts be achieved in time for next VAlU lIuD 
minimal network of Detrol vm* Riufaer ' _ AT 

The Government intends 
that there should be at least a 
minimal network of petrol 
stations offering unleaded pet- 
rol in 1987, building up to 
wide availability of the fuel by 
October 1989. 

In setting out the broad 
framework for the introduc- 
tion of unleaded petrol, Mr 
William Waldegrave, Minister 
for the Environment, said in a 
Commons reply yesterday 
that be hoped this could be 
achieved voluntarily by foe 
industry, but foe Government 
did not rule out taking mea- 
sures to require the provision 
of unleaded petroL . 

Under an EEC directive, be 
said, unleaded petrol should 

for unleaded petrol could test 
be achieved in time for next 
year’s Budget 
Mr Waldegrave said n was 
important to ensure the avail- | 
ability of suitable cars as soon 

Britain's young people are 
on a credit-card spending 
spree, and many have no hope 

as possible. The EEC Environ- ^^ Wftg teckfoe tnoney. 

merit Council had teen con- Cltiz !f s ., ad ! nce 
sideline a draft dmdiw nn across die country are report- 

sidering a draft directive on 
vehicle emissions which rets 
out the dares from which 
member states could require 
new cars to be capable of. 
running on .foe foeL 
As soon as it had been 
adopted, foe Government 
would implement foe earliest 
dates set out in the directive: 

• October 1, 1988 for new 
model cars over two litres; ‘ 

• October 1, 1989 for aS new 

tag a dramatic increase in the 
Bombers of young debtors, 
aged 18 to 25, turning to them 
for help. 

• At Birmingham's Money- 
Advice Centre, Mrs Nicola 
Thomas, a solicitor, said that a 
thousand yoang people a year 
I were applying for help. Each 
had. an average debt of £6,500, 
against £2,000 to £3,000 only 

two years ago. 

be generally' available -model cars: and ' “It's ridiculous. The major- 

foroughout foe Community • October 1, 1990 for all new ity of these young dSents are 
by October 1 989. Officials are registrations, unless a mam*-, unemployed. Nobody to 
discussing with the oil compa- fecturer ; could certify that check the applications, and 
nies how foe tax differential extensive re-engineering, a mtf pgfn pyt cryd»t T^y 
foreshadowed in the Budget would be involved. admit to having no job,” she 

w-r - . 1 • 1 ' 1 ‘ • said. In-store credit cards are 

New diesel on horizon sM1 * 

A revolutionary Diesel en- It will be constructed laig^y At Southwark Consumer 
gine which operates without from ceramic components Advice Centre in south Lon- 
Jubricating oil and water cool- able to cope with temperatures do a; Miss Jackie King, the 
ing is behte. developed by of SOOC compared with 115C manager, said: “Today a 
Font It has me potential to do- .for existing designs. . , young person can walk down 

more than -100 miles to: the : The principle of the the inch street and easily nm 
gallon (Clifford Webb writes), “adiabatic” or beat retention up £23)00 of debts in one day. 

- The engine is expected to has been , known for “The new method finance 

put an end to foe diesel’s 5ome 1 > , ®? rs . a ™ ^- te in S companies use of 'credit 
biggest drawback for car driv- ipearcned extensively by all scoring’ from foe application 
ers — foe traditional “clatter” ^ motor manufacturers. 1 form makes it much easier for 

— and will have appreciably Ford claims its research is at a yonng person to obtain credit 

cleaner exhaust emissions. - an advanced stage. .by sot telling foe whole truth.” 


“The new method finance 
companies use of "credit 
scoring' from foe application 
form makes it much easier for 
a yonng person to obtain credit 
.by sot telling foe whole truth.” 

Conflict on cockle bottling secret 

A leading firm of London 
solicitors was accused in tile 
High Court yesterday of negli- 
gence in failing to protect the 
secrets of cockle bottfing. 1 . . 

Herbert Smith and Co is 
being sued by Leslie A Par- 
sons and Sons, bottlers of 
cockles and mussels, of Barry 
Port, Sooth Wales, 

The company alleges that 
the solicitors faffed to consider 
and prepare evidence needed 
to bring an action to protect its 
secret formula for bottfihg 
cockles, devised by its founder. 

It chums that, as a result of 
the solicitors' negligence, its 
secret formula was copied by 
the Hnll-based company , of 
Humber Pickles. 

The solicitors are also aT 
feged to have felled to advise . 

on .an offer made. byJHumber 
Pickles in 1982. to settle the 
dispute between foe bottlers. 
Herbert Smith & Go is con- 
testing the case.- . - 

Opening foe hearing,. M!r 
David Turaer-Samueb, QC, 
toM Mr Jutice Rose that the 
secret formula was taken to 
Hnll by two former Parsons 
employees. When Mr Parsons 
realized toe Hull company was 
about to start production, he 
called m toe solicitors to 
launch a High Court action to ' 
' protect foe formula. 

In spite of a number of 
hearings, tte cimpahy ended 
up having to withdraw its case 
and pay £50,000 legal costs' to 
Hmobtt Pickles. 

Mr Tarner-Samnih said 

the -formula solved the cockle- 
bottlers’ greatest problem — 
how.- to get toe acidify level 
strong enough to preserve, yet 
weak enough to be pleasant to 
foe taste. By refining the 
process. Parsons’ bottled 
cockles had become “the mar- 
ket leader for taste” counsel 

In 1975, Mr Parsons won 
£530.000 damages over the 
copying of a onion peeling 
machine he invented. That 
case led to a dispute over his 
solkftor's bill — he was over- 
charged by £l3lj)00 - and foe 
Law Society paid him £65,000 
in settlement of a negligence 

The cockle bottling case 
continues today. 

New Nationwide Capital Bonus offers the 
investor with £500 or more the valuable 
combination of top interest, plus a Special 
Instant Access facility for unexpected 


The rate is Nationwide’s highest at 7.75% 
net p.a. And you can take your interest as 
monthly income If you keep £2.000 or over 
in your account 

But If you’re thinking longer-term, simply 
leave your half-yearly interest invested, and 
you’ll earn the net compound annual rate of 
7.90%. That's the equivalent of 1113% 

gross to a basic rate tax payer* 

Ybu can use your passbook to add to your 
account at any time, and there is a choice of 
ways to withdraw money, to suit your needs. 

If you want your money quickly, new 
Capita! Bonus gives you one special no- 
notice. penalty-free withdrawal per calendar 
year of up to £3,000. Any further withdrawals 
will he subject to 90 days notice, or you can 
withdraw immediately and lose 90 days 

If you keep a balance of at least £10.000 
in your account instant withdrawals above 

that amount are always penalty-free. 

We’ve made new Capital Bonus especially 
attractive for one simple reason; the more we 
can help people to build their savings, the 
more we can help people to build homes. 

Come into a Nationwide branch, or agent, 
or fill in the coupon below, and start building 
at the top rate. 

fa Natfonwwe Buflcffng Society Postal investment Department. FREEPOST London WCiv 6XA. 

I/We enclose a cneque fa ; 

.to invest in a Capital Sonus account Interest to be paid monthly rj I CAPITAL 



Interest rates may vary ‘Assuming base rale income iax at 29-4, 

Nationwide Building Society - 
New Oxford House. Hign HoUwm. London WCIV 6PW. 




Judgment anticipated 

Car tax evasion 

Finding a 
judge to 
deal with 


The Home Secretary (Mr Doug- 
las Hard) is discussing with the 
police and other interested par- 
ties if any strengt hen in g of the 
criminal law is required by 
extending police powers under 
the Public Order Bill or by some 
limited offence of criminal tres- 
pass, Sir Michael Havers, die 
Attorney General, said during 
Commons questions. 

In addition (he said) the Lord 
Chancellor is c onsi d er ing pos- 
able improvements in civil 
procedure for the summary re- 
possession Of land which is 
available under Order 13 of the 
rules of the Supreme Court. 

Mr Robert Adlev (Christchurch, 
C) told the Attorney General 
that there were some aspects of 
recent mass trespass which pro- 
vided evidence that provocation 
of the police was part of the 
objective of those involved. 

Will the Attorney General 
look at the law in other demo- 
cratic countries, particularly our 
feQow EEC members (he asked), 
and also confirm that in his 
discussions with the Horae Of- 
fice, tie question of the mass use 
of public roads is me aspect 
being examined? 

Sir Michael Havers: It is prin- 
cipally a matter for the Home 
Secretary but in this country we 
have always believed that opera- 
tional police work should be left 
to the chief constable and his 
senior officers, and they have 
been doing rather a good job 
with the peace convoy on this. 
Mr Alexander Carlile 
(Montgomery, L) asked why the 
simple remedy available to the 
owners of residential property to 
deal with squatters, provided in 
the C riminal Law Act 1977 , had 
not beat extended to the residen- 
tial occupation of land. 

Sir Michael Havers: That is a 
matter which the Lord Chan- 
cellor and the Home Secretary 
are investigating. The whole 
area is being looked at afresh 

Mr Robert Key (Salisbury, Q: 
The principal objection is that 
matters of public order often fall 
financially on small tenant farm- 
ers. and that is unacceptable. 

Will the Attorney General 
pass on to the Lord Chancellor 
the problem arising under Order 
113 where a county court judge 
or a registrar could be used, as 
there is no duty judge system 
unlike in the High Court, to get a 
speedier and cheaper method 
made available? 

Sir Michael Havers said the five 
day period undo- Order 1 13 was 
also under review. It could be 
speeded up in emergencies but 
be would ensure the Lord Chan- 
cellor was made aware of th is 

Mr John Monis, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on legal af- 
fairs, said the problem was 
ensuring a balance between 
rights of the owners and those 
who believed they had a claim of 
right to a particular property. 

The answer was to speed up 
the legal process of adjudication. 
There should be a duty judge, la 
some areas of liti^tian one 
could go to a judge in chambers 
at night to get a temporary order 
daring vacation. 

Sir Midtael Havers said speed- 
ing up was a matter being 
considered. He would ensure the 
Lord Chancellor knew about the 
question of readier access to a 

He said later that it was a 
matter for the Home Secretary 
whether temporary trespass to 
cross over land was made a 
criminal offence. 

But any form of .criminal 
trespass which might be brought 
in (be said) is going to have so 
many difficulties. For example, 
you might walk through the 
front door of your friend's house 
thinking be is in and he is not. 

We have to cover tiiose sorts 
of cases which should never he 
made criminal offences. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debates on 
estimates relating to long-term 
unemployed and Manpower 
Services Commission corporate 
plan and on the environment 
and Property Services Agency. 
Lords (230): Wages BilL 
committee, first day. 

Married women get allowance I Famfly 


The Government is to legislate 
at once to extend the invalid 
care allowance to married 
women on the same terms as it 
is at present paid to married 
men and single people, Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services, said in 
a Commons statement- This will 
multiplv the cost of the scheme 
by faur'timcs. to more than £55 
million a year. 

After the European Court 
reaches its decision, expected 
shortly, on the case against the 
British Government for exclud- 
ing married women from the 
allowance, Mr Fowler said, the 
Government will consider 
whether arrears should be paid 
lo married women. 

fn his statement, Mr Fowler 
said the allowance bad been 

eminent iu 1976 for men and 
single women who had given up 
their sole means of livelihood to 
look after a severely disabled 
relative, but the legislation had 
specifically excluded married 
women from benefit. 

A case concerning their exclu- 
sion is now before the European 
Court of Justice (he said) and a 
debate is expected shortly in the 
House of Lords. The Govern- 
ment has therefore reviewed the 
exclusion and decided that, 
irrespective of the European 
Court decision, the allowance 
should be extended to married 
women on the same terms as 
married men and single persons. 

Accordingly the Government 
will very shortly introduce an 
amendment to the Social Se- 
curity Bill to achieve that. 

The extension of invalid care 
allowance to married women 
will mean a susbwmial expan- 
sion in the scope of the scheme. 

At present there are fewer 
than 11,000 beneficiaries and 
the cost of the allowance is £13 
million. We expect up to 70,000 
married women to claim invalid 
care allowance ax an additional 
net cost of around £55 million in 
a fixlJ year. 

The extension of the allow- 
ance to married women repre- 
sents a very large improvement 
in the provision we are making 
for disabled people in the 
community. It will recognize the 
vital role which married women 
play in looking after disabled 


Mr Michael Meacher, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
health and social security, said 
the extension of the allowance to 
married women was un- 
doubtedly right and would be 

lions and the 70.000 married 
women who would benefit. 

This is a complete vindication 
of the case taken to the Euro- 
pean Court of Justice by Mrs 
Jackie Drake of Worsley, 
Greater Manchester (he said). It 
is tragic that this decision was 
left to the last possible moment 
by the Government and was not 
made before the case was started 
on December 20, 1984. 

Will he clarify whether back 
payments will be made to all 
married women carers for the 
past 18 months when, the 
European Court will almost 
certainly rule, it has been with- 
held illegally? 

Now that the Government 
has been carried, kicking and 
screaming, through the courts to 
reach a decision which the 

Labour Party made in 1983, will 
it face up to its responstoilty to 
provide the other naif — respite 
care and support services — 
more graciously and promptly 
than it conceded the first half? 
Mr Fowler. If Labour felt so 
deeply on this issue why did the 
last Government specifically ex- 
dude married women from 
legislation when they in- 
troduced it? That was in the 
Social Security Benefits Act 
1975 and it is that exclusion by 
the last Labour Government 
which is before the European 

We shall have to introduce 
primary legislation to put that 
right, and that we intend to do. 
The payment of arrears will 
need to be derided in the light of 
the European Court judgment. 
We shall meet any legal obliga- 
tion. We expea the judgment 
imminently and we shall need a 
few days to consider and make a 
derision on arrears as soon as 

Sir David Price (Eastleigh, C) 
said he had campaigned for 
years to extend the allowance to 
married women and he urged 
the Treasury to look at the total 
cost of benefits, to do more to 
help carers, and thus earn 
“brownie points”. 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds West, L) welcomed the 
change as rectifying a piece of 
sexist legislation introduced by 
the last Labour Government 
Does it mean (he asked) that 
nobody who cares for a severely 
disabled person at home will not 
receive invalid care allowance? 
Will he look at other social 
security benefits which might be 
thought to be sex discrimi- 
natory, before others have to go 
to the European Court? 

Mr Fowler. We shall make dear, 
not only iu publicity but also by 
writing to- as many people who 
are in receipt of attendance 
allowance as we can, the precise 
qualifications for the allowance. 

It goes to the carer and is on 
the basis that the disabled 
person should be in receipt of 
attendance allowance. It is in- 
tended as income replacement 
and, broadly, will not go to 
people over retirement age. 

Mr Frank Field (Birkenhead, 
Lab) believed it was fair com- 
ment to say that Mr Fowler’s 
statement breathed new life into 
Dr Johnson's phrase that to be 
banged in the morning con- 
centrated the mind wonderfully. 

Was this new money? In what 
week would married women be 
able to pick up ibis money for 
the first time? 

Mr Fowler said this certainly 
was additional resources. The 
Government had derided td 

because there was no way round 
the specific exclusion of women 
contained in the last Labour 
Government's 1975 Act. 

Claims should be made now. 
The Government would . be 
issuing new leaflets and writing 
to everyone in receipt of care 

New claims would be met 
once the Social Security BQ1 
became law. 

Mr Max Madden (Bradford 
West, Lab) said the statement 
was not motivated by generos- 
ity, but because the Govern- 
ment faced humiliating finding ; 
by the European Court. 

Mr Fowler said the number 
who would benefit -was es- 
timated id be something like 
70,000. There would be about 
50,000 net gainers. ' 

Alliance move against private water 


Customers would greatly benefit 
from the increased efficiency 
which would result from private 
sector management, Mr John 
Patten, Minister for Housing, 
Urban Affairs and Construe* 
tion. said m a Commons debate 
on the privatization of water 
authorities. Water services fries 
would, he stated, have access to 
raise funds on the private capital 

Dr John C unningham, chief 
Opposition spokesman on the 
environment, declared that in 
the event of the disposal of any 
of the assets a Labour Govern- 
ment would return them to 
public ownership. 

The House was considering 
an Alliance motion, moved by 
Mr Simon Hughes (Southwark 
and Bermondsey, L), calling for 
rejection of the Government's 
privatization proposals on the 
grounds that they would under- 
mine public accountability 
without improving efficiency or 
benefiting the consumer and 
would have serious con- 
sequences for capital invest- 
ment, environmental 
protection, water resource plan- 
ning, land drainage, fisheries 
management and recreational 

He said that the debate would 
mark the beginning of an 
increasingly well-aigued, vocif- 
erous and ultimately convincing 
campaign that would dissuade 
the Government from proceed- 
ing down this particular political 

The Government had four 
months in which to reconsider. 
If it introduced a Bill in Novem- 

ber the Alliance parties would 
oppose every clause and line 
because this was the most 
fundamentally damaging and 
risky privatization proposal. 

Mr Patten moved a Govern- 
ment amendment inviting the 
House to welcome proposals 
which would benefit customers, 
strengthen safeguards for the 
water environment encourage 
enterprise, improve the ef- 
ficiency of industry, reduce the 
public sector and extend share 

The Director-General of Wa- 
ter Services, who was to be 
appointed, would ensure that 
the water service pics were well- 

Hughes: Start of vociferous 
and convincing campaign 
regulated, did not abuse their 
monopoly positions and that 
customers, as well as sharehold- 
ers, benefited from improved 
performance by the authorities. 

Licences setting limits on 
increases in charges would be a 
lough discipline on tire water 
service pics and they would 
have to maximize their 

The Government was con- 
vinced that privatization offered 
new opportunities for improv- 
ing the water environment, 
including tighter ministerial 
control over water quality 

The water service jrics would 
inherit all the statutory duties 
currently resting upon water 

The 50,000 or more water 
service workers would benefit 
directly from the successes of 
their new employers.— the water 
service pics. 

The Government would offer 
shares on attractive terras to all 
workers in the industry. There 
would be an initial block of 
entirely free shares for each 

There would be an extra free 
share, sometimes even more, for 
every share an employee 
bought, up to a particular limit. 
Often, there would be an addi- 
tional discount on additional 
purchases, up to a particular 

Dr Cmmmgham said Labour 
would support the motion. 

This was just another public 
asset-stripping procedure which 
the Government was trying to 
dress up with some philosophi- 
cal Justification. The situation 
in France was quite different. In 
no other country was the com- 
plete handling of water supply 
and sewage management and 
control in private hands. That 
would be a unique situation. 

The Labour Party was totally 
opposed to proposals to pri- 
vatize Britain's water assets, 
which were the nation’s most 
fundamental resources and on 
which people’s very existence 

Labour believed the water 

industry should be publicly 
owned and controlled and that 
the industry should be under 
democratic control and 
accountable at regional as well 
as national leveL 
Mr Ian Gow (Eastbourne, Q 
challenged the view that 
Britain's sewers were in serious 
disrepair. There were problems 
in some areas but the condition 
of sewers overall was good. 

By privatization, they would 
take away a significant propor- 
tion of ownership from the few, 
from ministers, and transfer it to 
the many. He welcomed that. 
Mr William O'Brien 
(Norman ton. Lab} said that if 
public accountability was not to 
remain with water authorities, it 
should be given to local coun- 

Mr Ian Wriggtesworth (Stock- 
ton South, SDP) said there 
would not be a better guarantee 
of supply or better control of 
pollution because it was not in 
the interests of a private com- 
pany to provide these facilities 
in the public interest. That was 
why the Government had got it 
wrong and would be widely 1 

Mr Patrick Nicholls 
(Tdgn bridge, C) said it was 

S osstble that by imposing suf- 
cient restrictions to make sure 
that all the environmental safe- 
guards were taken care of and 
that water was supplied at a 
politically acceptable price the 
Government could find itself 
landed with a while elephant 
that nobody wanted to buy. 

The motion was refected by 
253 votes to I S3 — Government 
majority, 70, and the amend- 
ment was carried by 242 votes to 
167 — Government majority, 

Demand for full inquiry on M4 crash 


The cause of tbe crash on the 
M4 in Berkshire in the early 
hours of the morning, in which 
13 people were killed, had not 
been established, Mr John 
Moore, Secretary of State for 
Transport, explained in the 
Commons in reply to Mr Jack 
Dormant) (Easington, Lab) dur- 
ing question time exchanges 
about road safety. 

Mr Robert Hughes, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport, 
sought an assurance that the 
inquiry to be held into the crash 
would be far-ranging. 

Although circumstances woe 
not yet clear, it was known that 
the van involved had landed on 

the opposite carriageway. 
Would particular regard be paid 
to the guards on the central 
reservation to stop such a thing 
in future? 

Mr Moore said be would make 
sure that those points were 
pursued effectively. 

He also gave an undertaking 
that the Government would 
look further, and carefully, at 
the issue of drink-driving in 
relation to drivers' attitudes and 
road casualty figures. 

He added that half tbe total of 
deaths On tbe roads had drink- 
related causes. Around two out 
of every three of these tragedies 
occurred between 10pm and 

Mr Robert Adky (Christchurch, 
Q wanted to know why road 
vehicles were not subject to the 

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same requirements as railway 
vehicles, which had to be built 
to a certain strength, were 
required to keep a safe distance 
between each other and had to 
proceed in accordance with 

Mr Moore said it was necessary 
to keep the matter in propor- 
tion. Accident rates on motor- 
ways were one-third of those on 
all-purpose trunk roods and 
one-eighth of those on all roads. 
Mr Robert McOimffe (Brent- 
wood and Ongar. Q referred to 
the Transport Department’s cir- 
cular urging parents to fit child 
safety bells in the bocks of 

An article in the British 
Medical Journal indicated that 
many such belts were ineffec- 
tively or wrongly fitted. 

House prices: 2 

Mr Mom said be bad not seen 
the article but, being in such a 
journal, it would have to be 
taken seriously. His department 
would look into the matter. 

He gave a similar assurance 
over rood sign-posting to Sir 
Dudley Smith (Warwick and 
Leamington, Q who said signs 
were often inadequate and a 
contributory cause of accidents. 

Civil protection 

The Civil Protection in Peace- 
time BilL which permits local 
authorities to use tiyi] defence 
resources in peacetime emer- 
gencies and disasters as well as 
wartime hostile attack, was read 
the third time in the House of 
Lords and passed- 

Higher loans could stretch 
borrowers’ ability to pay 

In its latest survey, the 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors says that 80 per 
cent of estate agents report 
price increases of at least 
2 per cent in the past three 
months, with many estimating 
the increase at 5 per cent and 
about 5 per cent reporting in- 
creases of more than 8 per 

Bui in spite of this upward 
trend, the Halifax Building 
Society believes house price 
inflation will remain between 
10 and 1 1 per cent for 19S6. 
and estate agents predict a 
temporary lull in activity after 
a continued rise until the 
summer holidays start. 

Mr John Thomas, the 
institution's housing spokes- 
man, said that a further foil in 
interest rates — by no means 
certain — would be needed to 
sustain the present level of 
activity in the property mar- 

He pointed out that the 
average loan in the UK at the 
end of 1985 was £22.650, 
rising lo nearly £33.000 in 
greater London. “With tbe rise 
in prices so clear this year, 
these levels win undoubtedly 
have increased and there most 
be a limit to how for they can 

In the second of two art- 
icles. Christopher War- 
man, Property Correspon- 
dent, looks at the rising 
graph of house prices ana 
asks whether it can last. 

At the same time, however, 
there is ample money from 
building societies, banks and 
other lending institutions for 
loans, and with the increased 
competition there is evidence 
of a relaxation in traditional 
lending guidelines, according 
to the Incorporated Society of 
Valuers and Auctioneers, 
which is concerned that this is 
stretching some people's abili- 
ty to pay. 

Where once the guideline 
was two and a half times the 
salary, now loans can be up to 
four times, especially when 
the spouse's salary i$ taken 
into account 

One estate agent in Kent, 
where prices have risen by 
ir ore than 10 per cent in six 
months, reports a new method 
of overcoming rocketing 
house prices. Mr John Ward, 
of Ward and Partners, said 
that professional couples were 
remaining unmarried so that 
each could claim the maxi- 

mum tax relief allowance up 
to the £30,000 limit, giving 
relief up to £60,000. 

With many people stretch- 
ing their payments to the limit 
to afford increasingly expen- 
sive property there is a danger 
of serious financial difficulty if 
interest rates were to rise. Mr 
Michael Sloop, of the London 
agents Winkworth, did not 
think this was a problem. 
When rates last went up 
quickly from 1 1 to 15 percent, 
it made no difference to the 
property markeL “People be- 
lieved it was a hiccup, and it 
was." he said. 

The housc-rbuying merry- 
go-round may be slowing', 
down slightly, out it appears to 
be running smoothly for those : 
who can get on, as increasing : 
numbers of people are. Home 
ownership is now at 64 per- 
cent and growing, which has 
helped to push prices up, and a 
new survey by the Building 
Societies’ Association, to be 
published tomorrow, is ex- 
pected to show a demand for 
ownership by well over 
70 per cent.' Whether this is 
possible in the light of rising 
house prices and high unem- 
ployment is another matter. 




has revised 
plans for payment of die new 
fiuofly audit rti rong fc wage 
packets and decided Instead to 
make ft payable direct to 


This was announced iu the 
House of Lords bf Lady 

Trumpingion. Under Secretary 
of State for Health and Social 

Security, during foe resumed 
comraitee stage uf the Social. 
Security BBL 

The effect of the change, she 
saM, would be thar the money 
would be paid direct, fa variably 
to wives rather than husbands, 
in line with current arragge- 
mats for the payment of the 

family income supplement. 

This would be more efficient 
and better tareettedL It would go 
to 610,000 children of school age 
whereas only 205,000 finally 
income supplement childr en 
took op free schools meals. With 
340,060 -duUxen receiving free 
or reduced school meals under 
discretionary schemes, this 
meant that an additional 65,600 
children would be better off- An 
amendment to the ffiQ giving 
effect to this change would be 
introduced later. 

The annoiHiceinent came dur- 
ing discussion of an amendment 
proposed by Lady Ewart-Bisgs 
(Lab) that an award of family 
credit should entitle the children 
of the family to receive free 
school meals. 

While the new arrangements 
were welcome, she said, , there 
was still a danger that die money 
would be used to pay pressing 
(dlls rather than for school 
meals. But in light of the 
announcement she said die 
would withdraw her amendment 

Rate payment 

Government plans for die un- 
employed to pay 20 per cot of 
their rates hills received a 
setback in the Honse of Lords 
when an amendment giving fnU 
rebates to social security daim- 
ants was carried by 89 votes to 
86 — majority against the Gov- 
ernment, there. 

Lady Jeger (Lab), moving die 
amendme nt, said ft meant that 

would per 

cent rates rebate. 

The rates rebate problem was 
a matter of local government 
finance and ought , not to be 
included in the Bill- The ' Bill 
should! not be used to put an 
extra tax on people who were 
already so poor they qualified 
for income support. 

Lord T refeamc, tbe Government 
spokesman, said the Govern- 
ment proposal would treat peo- 
ple the same whether they were 
in work or not, receiving income 
support or not 

This will enable us (he said) to 
get rid of the highly infl a tion ary 
and complex system of housing 
benefit supplement 

Setback on 

Despite an announcement by 
Lady Trumpingion of 
transitional protection for the 
chronically sick and disabled 
nntil 1988 when new 
arrangements for income 
support payments become 
effective, an amendment to the 
Bill proposing weekly payments 
of a community care addition for 
dils g ro up was carried by lid 
votes to 87 — majority against, 
the Government, 29. Making die 
announcement,' Lady 
Trumpington said the 
Government had derided to give 
transitional protection to die 
very severely disabled receiving 
extensive bdp by way of the 
domestic assistance addition. 

For these people (she said) the 
Government will continue to pay. 
an amount for the domestic 
assistance addition separately 
from and on top of any other 
transitional protection that Is 

Hurd alms 
for ‘theft 
proof cars 

By a Staff Reporter 

The Government will urge 
Common Market countries to 
adopt a European Standard on 
car security to encourage man- 
ufacturers to build theft-proof 
vehicles, Mr Douglas Hurd, 
the Home Secretary, disclosed 
last night. 

Mr Hurd was speaking at 
. the end of a second crime pre- 
vention seminar at 10 Down- 
ing Street, which was attended 
by representatives of industry 
and commerce, unions, local 
and central government, and 
the police. 

He said a new British 
Standard for improved car 
door lodes and hinges was 
'already under way. 

A further British Standard, 
covering window etching, pro- 
tection of car radios and cas- 
sette players, and central lock- 
ing systems, would be ready 
by the autumn. ; 

Mr Hurd said: “I now We 
to consider, with my col- 
leagues, how soon we should 
carry this banner to our Euro- 
pean partners. 1 " 

The new British Standard 
will be voluntary, but .minis- 
ters hope customers win insist 
on better security for their ve- 

• Water authorities 

Putting car tax on ‘ $ 

fra mm} 

cost 38p a gallon 


The Government had no 
present plans to abolish vehicle 
excise duty and put the cost on 
the price of petrol, Mr Michael 
Spicer. Under Secretary of State 
for Transport, said during Com- 
mons questioning. Further steps 
to deter evasion were being 
taken this year. . 

He fold Conservative MPS 
who urged him to do so that 
such a course of action would 
add 38 pence to a gallon of 
petrol, an amount that some in 
the House queried. 

Evasion of payments of ve- 
hicle excise duty was now 4 per 
cent, considerably less than 
previously thought. As a result 
of recent strong activity, Mr 

Spicen Further steps 
to deter evasion 

Spicer added, the number of 
offenders- prosecuted or dealt 
with by out of court settlements 
was 9 per cent np on the 
previous year and over 60 per 
cent higher than in 1982. 

The issue was raised by Mr 
Edward Taylor (Southend East, 
C) who said the rate of evasion 
was now costing £100 million 

Stalker case 


An uigent Commons statement ! 
by the Home Secretary on 
allegations made about Mr John 
Stalker, the Deputy Chief Con- 
stable of Manchester, was de- 
manded in the Commons by Mr 
Cecil Franks (Barrow and Fur- 
ness, C). 

Mr Stalker. was recently re- 
moved as head Of tbe inquiry 
into the alleged shooi-to-kill 
policy of the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary. He was expecting 
to be told the precise nature of 
the disciplinary allegations 
against him today. 

Mr Franks drew attention to 
comments appearing in the 
’national press on Sunday and 
today concerning allegations 
made against Mr Stalker and to 
the apparent breach of the rule 
of law and the breach of 
principles of natural justice 
together with the increasingly 
bizarre involvement of MPs. 

He said he understood from 
the Press Association that offi- 
cers from the West Yorkshire 
police were in the House at that 
moment Interviewing other 
MPs. It was incumbent on the 
Home Secretary to bring Ibis 
matter to a conclusion one way 
or another. 

every year and it was unreason- 
able to expect the police to curry 
out the job of chasing it up. 

He asked ifit was not time for 
tbe Government to consider f 
putting' vechkle excise duty on 

Mr Spleen I entireiy-agree with - 
him that the evasion rate is still 
too high at 4 per cent and that 
■ amounts to £I00miHiott of tax 

He told Mr Donald Anderson 
(Swansea East. Lab), who asked 
about additional driver and 
vehicle licence staff for enforce- 
' merit, that this year al ready 7S 
extra personnel' m enforcement 
had been employed. Mr John 
Moore, the new Secretary of 
Stare for Transport, would be 
visiting the Driving and Vehicle 
Ljceirpng Centre at Swansea. 

Mr Peter Brurarels (Leicester 
East, C): That figure of 38 pence - 
seems very high. The police are * 
being disturbed from their nor- ' 
mai duties. Will be look again at 
this and give us the exact break- 
down as to how he reaches that 

Mr Spicer: The 38 pence figure 
is well esta b l i shed. If- we can 
provide farther details we will 
do so. 

Mr Tony Banks (Newham 
North West, Lab* My prede- 
cessor as MP for Newham 
North West (Mr Arthur Lewis) 
was a great campaigner against 
road rand licence fraud untQ 
unfortunately he himself was 

If the minister goes down to 
the underground car park at the 
Palace of Westminster he will 
find quite a number of cars vS 
which do not bear current: taxes. 
There is nothing unlawful being 
done. A number of MPs are 
using it as a long term car park. 

But they should perhaps be 
paying the road fund licence as 

Mr Spicer Yes. 

Bill to bring 
to rate grant 


The Rare Support Grants Bill 
was necessary to provide local 
authorities with certainty about 
their present and past entitle- 
ments. Mr William 
Waldegrave, Minister for 
Environment. Countryside and 
Local Government, told the 
Commons when he moved the 
second reading of the measure. 

He said the BQl validated the 
way in which the powers to 
determine block grant multipli- 
ers had been used since 198], 
and it set on the statute book the 
precise powers necessary to 
ensure that the previous practice 
could continue in future. 

Hie Bill resulted from a 
. challenge by a number of 
authorities to tbe way in which 
one particular aspect of the 
Nods grant system had op- 
erated, with the broad agree- 4 
mem of the local authority r 
associations, since 1981. 

Mr Jade Straw, an Opposition 
spokesman, said the Bill was 
unworthy and showed scant 
respect for the rule of law. The 
. Government should withdraw it 
and start again. 

The Bill was read a second 
.time by 246 votes to 180 — . 
Government majority, 66. 

More using London 
buses and Tubes 

In 1985-86 there were some 
1,160 million passenger jour- 
neys on London buses, 7 per cent 
more than fn 1981, Mr David 
Mitchell, Minister of State for 
Transport, told the Commons. 
On the Underground there wore 
740 minion, 37 per cent more 
than in 1981 and the highest 
level erer. 

He added that he was de- 
lighted at London Regional 
Transport’s success in continu- 
ing to attract passengers while 
making major, improvements in 
efficiency. This year revenue 
subsidy would he slashed - to 
some £79 million compared with 

£230 mil Kra i planned by 
Greater London CounciL 
Asked to predict the likely 
increase In passengers using 
London Transport over die coat- 
ing year, te said he would expect 
about the same number of bus 
passenger journeys and an in- 
crease from about 672 million to 
740 million on the Und e rg ro und. 
This would be an all-tune record 
for the number of passengers 

' The financial burden borne by 
ratepayers and tuqnyers had 
gone down by lp and the level of 
revenue support needed had 
been halved in one year. 


Gorman Realism 
hits the jackpot 

By Geraldine Norman, Saleroom correspondent 
Foot ancient tarts, waiting as did a colourful 
for customers in the diapba- Campendonk at £129,600 (es- 
nous frills and bows of youth, • timaie £70,000-£80,000) and a 
became the most expensive vase of lilies by Karl Schmidt- 
Gennan painting of the twen- Rottluff at £86,400 (estimate 

tied) /cenirny sold at auction £40,000-£60,000). There was a 
when it made £561,700 -at Ncflde at £324,000 and a 

Christie's last night . 

Kirchner at £20530, 

The lamplit scene, punted latter doubling expectations. 

i^haTV, 1 mi .-j h',1^1 . 

by Otto Drain 1921 and titled 
~Der Salon V7 is one. of the 
masterpieces of the German 
movement known, as “Neue 
Sachiichkeit’Y or “New 
Realism”. Christie’s had been 
frightened that the subject 
. would - scare away customers 

Most of the paintings came 
from the famous collection- of 
German Expressionists 
formed, by Morton D. May. of 
St Louis, in the 1940s and 
1950s. half sent for sale by the 
St Louis Art Museum, to 
whom he gave more than they 

from paying the price it de- needed, and half by his second 
served. “The wives of most wife, 
collectors wouldn't put up . It was Christie’s most suc- 
jjh _.iC . John _ Lumley, cessftil sale of modern pictures 
Christie’s director in. charge, for a decade, with prices 
said. The ' auctioneers had regularly soaring beyond esti- 
forecast : a price of about mate. A great Modigliani por- 
£400,000. trait of “Jeanne Hebuterne," 

It was breakthrough night with a red scarf knotted round 
for twentieth century German ■ ter neck, made the top price at 

painting, however^ which is £1.944.000 (estimate more 
. often so crude, or crueL that it ; ' than £1 .ntilllion). A group of 
scares away collectors. A pretty impressionists sent for 
painting of a dancer with a red sale from the estate- of Mrs 
skirt and yellow knickers, by Neyilte Blond, daughter of the 
Max Pechstein, dating from founder of Marks & Spencer, 
.1917.' with a good, still life of was .also lapped up, with a 
flowers painted oh the back. Fantin flower picture at 
set a new auction price record £345.600 ^estimate £1 80,000- 
for the artist -at £262X00 ' £220.000); and some. Pissarro 
(estimate £ 1 00 T 000£1 40,000), ' flowers at C26-800 

1 . 

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IRA bomb trial 

Woman ready to shoot 
policeman at traffic 

35 years’ 
jail for 

check, court is told 

Continued from page S 
mere 20 years to life imprison- 

ment for explosive offences. 

left the dock 10 a cry 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

One of the women members journed until further evidence approached the car O'Dwyer 

could be heard on possible 


day will come** in 

Of the IRA unit planning' to 
bomb British resorts last year 
reached towards a hidden gun 
when an unsuspecting police- 
man stopped her car for a 
traffic offence, the Central 
Criminal Court was told yes- 
terday . 

The incident was described 
to police Jaier by the driver of 
the car, Donald Craig aged 28, 
who said the woman, EQa 
O'Dwyer, told him afterwards 
that she would have started 
shooting if the police had got 

On another occasion Craig 
said be drove two other 
members of the unit, Martina 
Anderson and 'Gerard Mc- 
Donnell, to a car park by 
Wembley Stadium during last 
year's Cup Final on May 18. 
The two disappeared for sev- 
eral hours. 

The story of Craig's in- 
volvement with the unit was 
described * yesterday to Mr 
Justice Boreham after Craig, a 
carpenter from Co Donegal 
had earlier admitted conspir- 
ing last year with the five 
members of the unit to cause 



court was told that 
Craig was recruited by tbe 
IRA after being treated in an 
Irish mental hospital in 1984 
for alcoholism. He was a 
manic depressive with wide 
seasonal mood swings. Yester- 
day his sentencing was ad- 

comraitta! to a secure menial 
hospital unit 

At one stage Del Supt 
George Stepney, of Scotland 
Yard's anti-terrorist branch, 
told the court that Craig was 
“an unlikely recruit to. an 
active service unit. At the end 
of the day, if you look at It he 
was no help at alT, • 

Mr Roy Am lot, for the 
prosecution, said when Craig 
was arrested he bad been 
“remarkably frank with 

Tbe crown accepted that it 
was unlikely Craig knew de- 
tails of the bombing campaign 
and there was no evidence 
that he was pah of the active 
service unit or involved m 
preparing the bombs. 

After joining the IRA Craig 
was given, a course in bomb- 
making at a camp in Co 
Donegal and told be would 
probably have to go on an 
advanced course later. In Brit- 
ain he was given the 
codename of Roiy and told to 
buy a car and rent a flat He 
kept - in touch with Patrick 
McGee through calls to public 

Mr Amlot said in May Iasi 
year Craig drove his car the 
wrong way up a one-way street 
in Whitehaven, Cumbria. He 
was stopped and breath tested 
by police. 

At tbe time the police 

readied towards her shoulder 
bag and later Craig said she 
told him that she would have 
opened fire if police had 
approached too close. 

Eventually Craig argued 
with MacDonnelL who was 
displeased with his perfor- 
mance, and Craig said he 
wanted to resign. He wrote a 
letter to McGee putting his 
case which was discovered by 

He bad been accused by the 
IRA of buying a car with only 
two doors, a flat without the 
right type of exits, and he used 
his own name to buy tbe car. 
He also put his own name on 
an Irish licence and car 

Craig later told police he did 
this because be thought it was 
crazy to use a false address and 
he went against the IRA 
instructions because “he 
wanted out”. After the inci- 
dent in Whitehaven he fled 
back to London refusing to 

Lord Gifford, QC, for tbe 
defence, said that Craig's men- 
tal illness had been diagnosed 
while be was in prison await- 
ing trial and he became in- 
volved with tbe IRA while he 
was in a manic state. Craig had 
tried to extricate himself and 
had claimed to the police that 
the IRA had him “trapped in 
their dutches”. 

To McDonnell, who is aged 
35, the judge said he was not 
only at the centre of the resorts 
campaign, but proud of it. 

“How anyone can be proud 
is very difficult to understand. 
You said a warning would be 
given. Having regard to your 
reliability we are entitled to to 
doubt that.” 

Peter Sherry, aged 30, was 
told that although he had 
arrived late on the scene in 
Glasgow where Magee and the 
unit were arrested, there was 
no doubt he nas a very 
important element in the con- 
spiracy. He had offered no 
help when police were search- 
ing for possible bombs last 
year and he had shown “a 
fanatical loyalty” in court. 

The judge told Martina 
Anderson, aged 24. that “it is 
difficult to envisage a young 
woman of intelligence being 
so stripped of humanity that 
she could sink to taking pan in 
such a plot” 

“You were at the centre. I 
have seen you in the witness 
box...and I have no doubt you 
are a hard, cynical young 
woman.” She would remain in 
prison until some sort human- 
ity crept back. 

Hunt for suspects continues 

' ■ ■ *K8. 

'ir : 

, - , ,3 

; •• ■' sr _ 
"* - , 

'• Tir ■' 

The police hunt for leading 
IRA bombers and planners 
behind die artaelra of recent 
years continues, in spite of the 
end of tiw Brighton and re- 
sorts, bomb trial There are 
cases outstanding involving 
IRA attacks dating back to the 
beginning of this decade. 

Police believe that Magee 
was part of a network of IRA 
operators who helped to pat 
the Grand Hotel bomb in 
place. They want to toft to 
Patrick Murray, sought by 
Lancashire police on a sepa- 
rate charge, although there is 
no warrant by Sussex police 
for his arrest. 

Mr Many, aged 42, is on 
bail in DuMm'on a shooting 

By Our Crime Reporter 

He is said to be a 
of Magee. Last week be 
failed to answer ball in Dtddin 
and Irish police are now 
hunting him_ 

Ajfter a number of London 
bombings, beginning in 1981. 
in which two people died 
outside Chelsea Barracks and 
a police explosives expert was 
killed in Oxford Street, Scot- 
land Yard has a number of 

Evelyn Glenhohnes, aged 
29, is wanted on nine counts 
which cover the 1981 cam- 
paign. Police would also like to 

question her about IRA opera- 
tions that have token place in 
Britain: since, that series of 
attacks. Earlier this year an 

attempt to extradite her from 
die Irish Republic collapsed. 

Glenhohnes has been linked 
to an arms dump found in the 
Home Counties, which also 
disclosed possible evidence on 
John Downey, aged 33. wsat- 

When Ella O'Dwyer, aged 
27. came into court site sat 
down and was dragged to her 
feet smiling. The judge told 
hen “You have sunk to the 
depths of inhumanity and you 
are proud of it.” She had 
enjoyed every minute of being 
in the witness box and the 

ed for his allege part in the 
in Hyde Park and 

Regent's Park in 1982 in 
which eight people were killed 
and S3 injured. Like 
Glenhohnes, Downey has been 
Bring in the Irish Republic. 

Also wanted by toe police is 
Owen Coogan, aged 36, who 
has not been pulfidy linked fey 
the Yard to specific attacks, 
but is considered to be the 
main planner behind many 
attacks in Britain. 

Earlier the judge sentenced 
Shaun McShane, aged 33, who 
pleaded guilty to aiding and 
abetting the unit, to eight 
yeans in prison. McShane. an 
irishman living in Glasgow, 
arranged for flats for the unit 
and took a message to Ireland. 
He was told that those who 
helped the rRA acted against 
tbe community. If the IRA 
knew they could find sale 
houses they were bound to be 

Sentencing on Donal Craig, 
aged 28, who admitted being 
part of tbe bombing conspira- 
cy, was adjourned to await 
medical reports. 

Warrant Officer Bill Brazier, who is leading 10 Royal Marines in a 1,800-mile relay run 

down through Norway in aid of the Red Cross, cradling the team mascot, a reindeer calf 

called Henry Danant, after the Red Cross founder (Photograph: John Voos). 

Arts curbs ‘worst 
for local theatres’ 

By Gavin Reft, Arts Correspondent 

A pressure group for the arts 
has joined the fray for more 
government funds with a 
claim that regional and tour- 
ing theatre companies have 
been affected by a sharp 
reduction in Arts Council 
support during the past five 

A survey by the National 
Campaign for the Arts pub- 
lished today says that grams to 
repertory companies, such as 
the Mercury Theatre. Colches- 
ter, and the Theatre Royal, 
Slrarfond East, have been cut 
by II per cent in zeal terms 
since 1980. while grams to 
leading touring companies 

such as Foco Novo and Hull 
Truck has dropped by more 
than a quarter during the same 

The statistics have been 
submitted to Sir Kenneth 
Cork, vice-chairman of the 
Arts Council, who is heading 
an inquiry into the present 
system for subsidizing the 
theatre which is due to report 
its findings to tbe Govern- 
ment in September. 

Mr Simon Crine, NCA di- 
rector, estimates that the over- 
all grant to the theatre has 
(alien by £1.5 million since 
1979-80. and has urged Sir 
Kenneth to make good the 

PC cleared of cruelty 

A policeman who tried to 
kill a dog suffering from 
advanced distemper after at- 
tempts to contact animal 
agencies had foiled was 
cleared yesterday of cruelly 
beating toe year-old mongrel 

The decision, at Glasgow 
Sheriff Court, ended a seven- 
month ordeal for PC Fraser 
Ross, aged 27, who was sus- 

pended after the incident, at 
BlackhiJI police station, 
Glagow. last November. 

The coun was told earlier 
that the dog was foaming at 
the mouth and trying to bile 

Police tried eight limes to 
call in help from the Scottish 
Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals 




Two Lambeth home helps 
told an inquest yesterday that 
they had seen an elderly man 
in their care alive last January 
and February, when evidence 
before the coroner indicated 
that the man probably died 
before Christmas. 

Sir Montague Levine, the 
Southwark coroner, said he 
did not accept the evidence of 
Mrs Evelyn Meredith and Mrs 
Daisy Gordon, who were both 
supposed to look after Mr 
George Owers, aged 79. Mr 
Owers was found dead by the 
police at his home in Effra 
Parade. Brixton. on May 15. 

Piles of mail on the hall mat 
included unopened Christinas 

Mrs Meredith told the court 
she visited him on January 13 
this year. She said she called 
again on February 17 and got 
no reply. Mr Owers’ regular 
home help, Mrs Gordon, told 
the court she saw him alive on 
February 3. 

Sir Montague, recording an 
open verdict, said: “1 find it 
hard to accept that George 
Owers was seen and spoken to 
in January and February. I 
find it impossible to accept” 

girl and 
her friend 

A mother took her daughter 
and a playmate to a park, then 
strangled both children, the 
Central Criminal Court was 
told yesterday. 

Mrs Mirella Beechook pre- 
tended to be distraught when 
she told millions of television 
viewers that her daughter 
Tina, aged seven, had been 

Mrs Beechook, aged 26, 
finally confessed to both 
killings to her estranged hus- 
band and toe police. Sbe said 
she strangled the girls because 
sbe feared going to prison fora 
shoplifting offence. 

Mr Allen Green, for the 
prosecution, told toe jury there 
was oo dispute that Mrs 
Beechook killed the children. 
What had to be derided was 
her state of mind at the time. 
Mrs Beechook denies murder- 
ing the girls on September 18 
last year. 

Mr Green told a jury of 
seven men and five women that 
the children attended Albion 
primary school Rotherbithe, 
and were dose friends. Tina's 
father, Mr Ravin Beechook, 
aged 31 , left the family's flat in 
Rotberhithe in 1983 and 
moved to a flat in east London, 
although be regularly visited 
his wife and daughter. 

On the day of tbe killings, 
Mr Green said, Mrs Beechook 
collected her daughter from 
school and they met Stacey. 
She took tbe girls to South- 
wark Park and sent Tina off to 
play then strangled Stacey 
with a length of cable from a 
vacuum cleaner and hid tbe 
body under a pile of leaves. 

Mr Green said Mrs Bee- 
chook took Tina back to their 
fiat, strangled her and hid the 
body in a red shopping trolley. 

Mrs Beechook pretended 
that toe girls had been abduct- 
ed and neighbours and police 
searched the area. 

She showed Stacey's moth- 
er, Mrs Linda Kavanagh, one 
of Stacey's red shoes and said 
she had found it. Mrs 
Kavanagh noticed particularly 
that Mrs Beechook *dhkft 
appear to be upset”. 

That night, Mr Green said, 
police found Stacey's body. 
Three days later they discov- 
ered Una's body in Mrs Bee- 
cbook’s. fla latter sbe had con- 
fessed to her husband. 

The trial continues today. 


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1. 1 



The South Africa crisis 

out second 


Front Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

South Africa last night or- told the magazine would in- to ihe police under the state of 

dered die Johannesburg corre- 
spondent of Newsweek, Mr 
Richard Manning, to leave die 
country by midnight on 
Thursday. No reason was 
given. * . 

The action, said a letter 
from Mr StofifeT Botha, Minis- 
ter of Home Affairs, was being 
taken under the Admission of 
Persons to the Republic Regu- 
lation Act of 1972. Mr Man- 
ning was given until 10 am on 
Thursday to make representa- 
tions to Mr Botha “as to why 
this order should not be 
carried 001 ”. 

If there is no reprieve, be 
will be the second foreign 
journalist expelled since the 
emergency was declared on 
June 12. A CBS News camera- 
man, Mr Wizn de Vos. was 
thrown out on June 17. 

The June 23 issue of 
Afcwswagfc, which had a cover 
report entitled “South Africa's 
civil war", was withheld from 
sale after its distributor was 

_ .restrictions. 
Meanwhile, a treason trial 
in Pietermaritzburg ended 
yesterday with the withdrawal 
of the stale's case against the 
four remaining acqisrd, all 
black trade onion leaders. 

After Mr Justice John Milne 

acquitted the accused of all 
charges, friends and relatives 
in the public gallery raised 
clenched fists in the black 
power salute and there was 
further jubilation outside the 

Mr Thozamile Gqweta, 
president of the South African 
Allied Wcikers' Union, and 
other senior members, Mr 
Sisa Njikelana, Mr Sam 
Kikine and Mr Isaac Ngcobo, 
had been accused of plotting 
with the outlawed African 
.National Congress to over- 
throw the Government 

The state's inability to make 
charges of treason stick ex- 
plains in part the wide powers 
of arrest and detention given 

Priest defies directive 

Cape Town (Reuter) - Pre- 
toria yesterday ordered the 
eviction of hundreds of home- 
less black squatters taking 
refuge in churches in white 
residential areas, but at least 
one priest vowed to defy the 

The Rev Geoff Quinlan, 

rector at the AD Saints Angli- 
can church in the white suburb 
of - Ptamstead, said he was 
charged with housing a group 
of black people. He was 
ordered to evict them and pay 
a fine or appear ia coart 
“Fm not paying the fine and 
Pm not kicking them out," he 

emergency since June 12. 

These enable the police to 
hold detainees indefinitely 
without .trial and without 
having to give any reasons to a 
coon. Many trade unionists 
are understood to be among 
those arrested since the emer- 
gency went into force. 

In another development, it 
was disclosed yesterday that 
Brigadier Andrew Molope. the 
Bophuthatswana police officer 
shot dead on Saturday, was 
almost certainly the victim of 
a revenge killing. 

He commanded a police 
unit which in March shot dead 
1 1 people attending what was 
officially said to have been an 
illegal gathering in Winter- 
veld, in Bophuthatswana, one 
of the four . “independent'’ 
tribal homelands. 

In Pretoria, the 
Government's Bureau for In- 
formation reported yesterday 
that two people had died in 
“black-on-black violence" in 
the 24 boors to 6 am yester- 
day, bringing to 57 the total 
number of people officially 
reported to have died in 
“unrest-related incidents" 
since the emergency was 

The bureau is the only 
official source of news about 
unrest, - and the only legal 
source about involvement of 
the Army and police. 

Mourners attending a “restricted" funeral yesterday for a man killed by vigilantes in Cape Town's Nyanga township. 

UK shirks 

Healey off South Africa is in 

‘evil grip’ of police 

for talks 
in Pretoria 

By Richard Evans 

Political Correspondent 

Mr Denis Healey, the Shad- 
ow Foreign Secretary, left 
London for South Africa .last 
night determined to visit Mr 
Nelson Mandela, leader of the 
African National Congress 
(ANC), who has spent the last 
22 years in prison. 

His application to see Mr 
Mandela is still being consid- 
ered by the South African 
Minister of Justice. 

Mr Healey welcomed the 
British Government’s deri- 
sion to have talks this week 
with Mr Oliver Taxnbo, the 
ANCs acting president, but 
accused Mrs Thatcher ofbeing 
“dragged screaming" into 
sanctions and a shift of policy. 

Mr Healey, accompanied by 
Mr Donald Anderson, 
Labour's African affairs 
spokesman, had an hour-long 
meeting with Mr Tam bo yes- 
terday and spoke to Mr Terry 
Waite, the Archbishop: of 
Canterbury’s special envoy, 
on his return from South 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Mr Terry Waite, the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury’s special 
envoy, said yesterday that 
South Africa was in the “evD 
grip" of the security forces, 
and warned Pretoria of a 
violent backlash if its 
“stranglehold" on die country 
was not relaxed. 

Speaking on his return from 
South Africa in the first 
aacensored eye-witness ac- 
count of the situation since the 
declaration of a state of emer- 
gency, Mr Waite called Presi- 
dent - Botha’s regime “a 
massive failure of 

Before reporting hack to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Mr Waite described his six- 
day visit to Johannesburg, 
Pretoria and Cape Town 
where, he said, the arrests had 
been “ou an unprecedented 

He produced a letter written 
on the back of a small piece of 
paper by a young Mack detain- 
ee which was smuggled out of 
prison. The letter spoke of a 

severe lack of “basic human 
in jail. 

He expressed particular bit- 
terness at the arrest of church 
leaders whose families, he 
said, had been arrested* 

He recounted the case of a 
whole congregation which was 
arrested m a Cape Town 
charch last week. The two 
daughters, one of them preg- 
nant of a leading member of 
the South African Council of 
Churches had also been 

He called his visit a “diffi- 
cult and distasteful task", and 
he praised church groups for 
their patience . and then- 
moderating influence. 

But he poured scorn on the 
South African Government 
and the security forces, and 
quoted one policeman who 
said: “in foe present situation 
my word is law". 

Mr Waite acrased the pofice 
of fanning “the flames of 
discontent" at the Crossroads 
squatter camp in Cape Town, 
describing them as “riding on 
the hack of the unrest". 

duty, says 
ANC chief 

By Paul Vallely 

A call for comprehensive 
and mandatory sanctions 
against South Africa was made 
yesterday by Mr Oliver 
Tam bo, president of the Afri- 
can National Congress (ANC). 

He accused the British Gov- 
ernment of shirking its re- 
sponsibility to the rest of the 
Commonwealth by its lack of 
action over the report of the 
Eminent Prisons* Group. 

Mr Tam bo demanded the 
isolation of the Botha regime 
by complete financial and 
trade sanctions, an oil embar- 
go, the ending of air and sea 
links and the tioaire of loop- 
bales in the arms embargo. 

Sanctions had to be total 
and immediate, he told the 
Royal Commonwealth Soci- 
ety in London. 

Anything other than com- 
plete economic isolation 
would be “a sign to Botha that 
the British Government is not 
prepared to act in any mean- 
ingful way". 

Mr Tam bo asked Common- 
wealth leaders and the Queen 
to intervene “On our side, on 
the side of humanity". Under 
a black government South 
Africa, he was sure, would 
rejoin the Commonwealth. 

Last night the Secretary 
General of the Common- 
wealth, Mr Sonny Ramphai, 
was. due to see the Queen. The 
subject of sanctions was 
thought to be high on the 

On the argument that sanc- 
tions would bit the Macks in 
South Africa, Mr Tam bo said 
his people already bore the 
burden of daily shootings, 
bestialities against detainees 
and a vicious campaign of 

Israeli nurses strike over pay 

Cabinet to consider aid plan 

Continued from page 1 ; 
Secretary. Lord Whitelaw. the 
deputy Prime Minister, Mr 
Norman Tebbit, the Conser- 
vative chairman, and Mr 
. Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor, 
it became clear that the Gov- 
ernment still favours diplo- 
matic rather economic mea- 
sures u> achieve its stated aim . 
of ending apartheid and bring? 
ing down the level of violence 
without creating an economic* 

It is portraying the offer of 
talks with Mr Tam bo in that 
light emphasizing that Mrs 
ChaJker will be calling on the 
ANC to renounce violence. 
Mrs Thatcher is alsoprepared 
to agree to Sir Geoffrey lead- 
ing a last ditch peace mission 

Timetable towards action on 
South Africa: 

June 24 - Cabinet’s overseas 
and defence policy committee 

June 25 - Cabinet meets. 

June 26*27 - European Coun- 
cil meets in The Hague. 
August U - Heads of seven 
Commonwealth governments 
who sponsored Eminent 
Persons' Group meet in 
London. .. .. 

jo Pretoria to encourage Mr 
Botha to end apartheid. 

- But rt was also seemed that 
she is now ready, while still 
arguing against the efficacy of 
economic measures, to sup- 
port a limited package at The 
Hague. - > 

ban on all fruit and 
Jble imports from South 
ica appeared likely. Al- 
though Mrs Thatcher opposes 
such a ban because she fears it 
will damage rural black South 
Africans, it appeared that she 
would concede it if the Com? 
mutiny ministers wanted rt 

The Prime Minister is also 
unlikely to stand in the way of 
a ban on new investment in 
South Africa. 

In a ftirther development 
today, the Commons Foreign 
Affairs Committee is to take 
evidence from the ANC after 
its decision to inquire into the 
effective measures required to 
help achieve a peaceful solu- 
tion in South 

Political play 
banned by 
Cape police 

Cape Town (Reuter) — 
South African police used 
their emergency powers last 
night to tan a play which 
lampoons members of the 
Government, saying it was a 
political meeting. 

The Cape Town area’s po- 
lice chiefi Brigadier Chris 
Swan, issuing the latest in a 
series . of emergency orders, 
prohibited the play Senzenina 
(What Have We done?), which 
was to have been staged in the 
city last night, on the grounds 
that it was a gathering orga- 
nized by the anti-apartheid 
United Demoratic front. 

It has been performed many 
times before ra South Africa. 

Nato experts 
study troop 
cuts proposal 

From Frederick Bonnart 

The Warsaw Pact summit 
proposal for reductions in 
conventional forces in Europe 
“from the Atlantic to the 
Urals" was considered by 
Naur for the fust time yester- 
day when a high-level task 
force on conventional arms 
control, set up by last month's 
North Atlantic Council St 
Halifax. Nova' Scotia, had its 
initial meeting in Brussels. 

Chaired by Signor Marcello 
Guidi. Nato's Deputy Secre- 
tary-General, the task force 
consists of defence experts 
from the capitals of member 
countries. They are charged 
with reviewing the whole ap- 
proach to conventional arms 

They will elaborate on the 
Western proposals at the 
Stockholm conference on dis- 
armament in Europe and ex- 
amine the mutual force 
reduction negotiations in 

The task force is due to 
present an interim report in 
October and a final report for 
the next ministerial council 
meeting in December. - 

After the force, reduction 
negotiations in Vienna, offi- 
cials said they considered tire 
Warsaw Pact proposals to be a 
response to the Nazp Halifax 

Lisbon battle on labour laws 

Cabinet calls confidence vote 

The Portuguese Govern- 
ment has called for a vote of 
confidence in Parfiament fol- 
lowing the defeat last Friday of 
its proposal to he allowed to 
change tire labour laws. 

The minority Social Demo- 
crat Government of Senhor' 
Anital Cameo Silva, the 
Prime Minister, wants to mod- 
ify the britov laws to permit, 
lay-offs and short-term con- 
tracts. Sod* measures would 
be uacMistitutioiial under 
present law, but they are part 
of the Government's pro- 
gramme to* increase in- 

Parfiament has three days 
to discuss the confidence mo- 
tion before voting. If -the 
government loses , ft wfll - 
automatically he! fused to 

From Martha de la Cal, Lisbon 

: This conflict between the 
Government and Parflunent is 
only the latest of a series since 
Senhor Cavaco Silva took 
office seven months ago. 

He has been stalemated in 
his attempt to sell off state- 
owned newspaper companies 
and was forced to alter his 
: budget to get ft approved. He 
can expect opposition to his 
proposed new Internal security 

His party has only 88 seats 
ia Pariiament,whik the oppo- 
sition Socialists have 57, the 
Communists. 38 and former 
President Eaues’s Democratic 
Renewal Part (PSD) 45, 

The Government can usual- 
ly count on the 22 votes of the 
Christian Democrats and 
sometimes part of the PRD 

vote, but they are not enough 
for a majority. 

The Prime Minister and 
other Social Democrat leaders 
believe they could obtain a 
parliamentary majority if elec- 
tions were bdd now. Opinio?* 

polls show the Prime Minister 

with a high popularity rating. 

He could be expected to 
campaign on the premise that 
his party wants to bring 
prosperity ami change to Por- 
tugal but has been prevented 
by the other parties in 

But President Soares fa 
known to oppose the idea of 
new elections because of their 
high cost, to the country. 

If necessary, he would pre- 
fer to find another solution 
within Parliament perhaps a 

President defuses Sri Lanka crisis 


• Ci 

President Jayewandenc of 
Sri Lanka- has agreed to see a 
delegation from Mrs Smmavo 
Bandaranaike’s Sri Lanka 
Freedom Party ■tomorrow’ be- 
fore he meetsoiher recognized 
political parties 10 explain his 
proposals for devolution. 

Tbe decision has .defused a 
Crisis which was threatening to 

make the meeting of the 
parlies meaningless, since the 
Sri Lanka Freedom Party is 
the main opposition party. 

Mm Bandaranaike is ex- 
pected to lead the delegation 
to see the President It will be 
their first official meeting 
smee her civic rights were 
restored on January 1, 

The proposals for devolu- 
tion have been approved by 
the .Cabinet, and have been 

sent to Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister. Mr 
Lalith Athulathmudali. the 
National Security Minister, 
said they would give Sri 
Lanka's nine provinces simi- 
lar powers to those enjoyed by 
Indian states. 

The moderate Tamil Unit- 
ed Liberation Front, whose 
leaders are in Madras, were 
invited to tomorrow's meeting 
but have declined. 

All but a few of IsraeTs 
11,000 hospital nurses walked 
out yesterday morning, vowing 
to stay on strike until they had 
won the right to their own 
trade union, along with better 
pay and conditions. 

A small number stayed to 
help run casualty wards, ma- 
ternity and Intensive-care 
units, while operating theatres 
were staffed only at a level 
able to cope with emergencies. 

Army nurses were brought 
in to run wards, relatives of the 
sock wm allowed to giro some 
limited bedside care and many 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

noo-critical patients were sent 

Yesterday evening a meet- 
ing between Mr Mordechai 
Gut, the Health Minister, and 
representatives of the 
Histadrot labour federation, 
which has a nurses* section, 
was called to try to find a way 
of ending the strike. 

But the nurses’ representa- 
tives refused to attend, even 
though Mr Gur has said he 
has every sympathy with their 

The dispute has been rum- 
bting on for six months. The 
nurses say poor salaries mean 

low recruitment and a high 
drop-out rate, with the result 
that health care in hospitals 
has dropped to dangerously 
low levels. 

hey i 

almost impossible to argue 
because their main employer is 
the Histadrot itself, which 
runs the health insurance 
scheme that looks after more 
than 75 per cent of ail tire 
hospitals in the country. 

The nurses have been of- 
fered a 12 per cent pay rise in 
an arbitration award, but have 
turned it down. 

Sicilian election sends 
message of stability 

From Pieter Nichols, Rome 

The Sicilian regional elec- 
tions sent a message of stabil- 
ity at the weekend to the 
Government in Rome, rather 
than rocking the political boat, 
as had been expected. 

Big changes would have 
affected the five-party coali- 
tion on which the national 
Government is based. 

The Christian Democrats 
wjD have two seats fewer in 
the new regional assembly, but 
remain by far the largest sugle 

During the election cam- 
paign there was a quarrel 

between Signor Bettino Craxi, 
the Socialist Prime Minister, 
and Signor Ciriaco de Mita. 
the Christian Democrat na- 
tional secretary. 

They are allies in the na- 
tional Government but their 
attacks on each other were so 
strong that commentators be- 
lieved the alliance could not 
have survived a derisive vote. 

The final results were; Chris- 
tian Democrats. 36 seals (38 last 
time); Communists, 19 (20); 
Socialists. 14 (14); Italian Social 
Movement, 8 (6k Republicans, 
5 (5J; Social Democrats, 4 (3); 
Liberals. 3 (3): Others. 1 (I). 

Arafat appeal 
for UN aid at 
Beirut camps 

Beirut - Mr Yassir Arafat, 
the Palestine Liberation Chga- 
nization leader, has appealed 
for UN troops to be deployed 
around refugee camps in Bei- 
rut, where fighting continues 
unabated despite a 10-day-old 
ceasefire (Juan Carlos 
Gumucio writes). 

Newspapers in Beirut said 
yesterday that Mr Arafat 
made the call in a telegram to 
the leaders of the Gulf Co- 
operation Council. 

Two more died in 
yesterdays clashes between 
Palestinians and Shia Muslim 

to boycott 
in Dhaka 

Dhaka - Bangladesh's larg- 
est opposition patty, the 
Awami League, has decided 10 
boycott Parliament when it 
meets next month for its 
inaugural session, threatening 
nationwide civil agitation 

S nst martial law (Ahmed 

Sheikh Hasina Waxed, chief 
of the Awami League, which 
won 73 of the 300 seals in the 
May elections, said yesterday 
that she and other league 

House if Army rule remained 
and the constitution was not 
folly restored. 

Bus tragedy 

Lisbon — Eleven people 
died and 13 were badly in- 
jured on Sunday evening 
when an express bus carrying 
40 passengers between the 
northern city of Braga and 
Lisbon skidded and crashed 
near Santa Maria de Lamas 
(Martha de la Cal writes). 

Plant collapse 

Taloja, India (Reuter) — 
Seventeen people were feared 
dead in a textile factory col- 
lapse here as rescuers strug- 
gled to retch six people still 

TV agreement 

Luxembourg (AP) — The 
European Community has 
adopted common standards 
for direct satellite television 
broadcasting, which is expect- 
ed to start in the EEC early in 

Kiev danger 

Moscow (AFP) — Radioac- 
tive food is still bring sold m 
Kiev markets, two months 
after the Chernobyl accident, 
Izvesria reported. 

Tunis sacking 

Tunis (Reuter) — President 
Habib Bourguiba yesterday 
continued a big government 
shake-up by dismissing the 
wife of his Prime Minister. 
Mrs Fethia Mzali. as Minister 
for Family and Women’s Af- 
fairs, the TAP news agency 

Navy boost 

Peking (Reuter) — China is 
making a new generation of 
guided-missile destroyers and 
plans to step up its study of 
electronic equipment in the 
next five years to boost its 
Navy's strike capability, the 
weekly Peking Review said. 

An exclusive 



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Not many would have predicted that our pre-tax profit 
would rise from £21 9m to £269. 5m. Even a forecast based on last 
year’s excellent growth would have been well below this year’s 
increase of 23%. And would our shareholders have foretold their 
fortunes? The record dividend per share will be 9. 5p. That’s 
an increase of nearly 27% on last year. This shows our confidence 
in the future. 



1983/84 7.5p 

1982/83 &SIp V 

1982/83 I I 

1981/82 6.05p mm 




Our spirits were raised even higher this year, not to mention 
our wines. The more we invest in our pubs, restaurants and off- 
licences, the more customers went into them. Our beer went down 
so well that our profit went up. 

People have also been enjoying more of our food in the U.K. 
and abroad, (especially in North America). In fact our food division 
has been savouring a remarkable increase in profit for six yeats 



1981/82 ' 

H.ip mt 

198j '84 20.1 d 
1S.X P _ 



With our continued investment throughout the world, in our 
household names in all divisions, it’s no wonder our performance 
has improved at such a rate. Our earnings per share have grown by 
3 1 % , going ff om 20- 1 p to 26-4p. 

As our profits say we’re going on growing. 

ijrsaw r::r 


■fr * *■■ * 



From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

The absolute majority of tiooal raterest, the key idea of 
seats won by the Socialist his election cami 
Party for the .second nmt 
running m Sunday’s general 
election gives Spain a reason- 
able assurance of four years of 
stability: ■ 

Bui the electors' essentially 
cautious verdict, everywhere 
outside the Basque country* 
brought no nearer the creation 
of a viable alternative to Seflor 
Felipe Gonzalez,' still aged 
only 44. who is soon to be 
asked by King Juan Carlos to 
form hjs - third Socialist 
Government. " 

“We' have Felipe GonzSIez, 
just about as charismatic as 
Maradona, getting his way 
with the Spanish people over 

an absolute majority in Parlra- which opened itself up to form 
’ the the so-called United Left after 

Senor Alfonso Guerra, the 
Socialist deputy leader, ob- 
served after victory that “no 
precedent exists in Europe for 
a party whidi has governed 
alone with an absolute major- 
ity to repeal a success like 

But a protest did surface, 
with the Socialists losing 18 
MPs compared to 1982, an 
increase of almost 10 per cent 
in abstentions and the come- 
back' of Seflor Adolfo Snfrez 
who, in a personal triumph, 
won 19 seats in the new 

The bid by Spain's badly- 
fractured Communist Party, 

mem just after winning 
referendum on Nato. The 
right here has a very long way 
still to go to make itself 
sufficiently attractive,” a 
Spanish businessman said 

Senor Gonzalez faces; no 
problem from the 184 Social- 
ist members in Parliament, 
well drilled and still 1 eight 
more than required for a 
majority in' the 350-seal lower 
houses . . .. 

They tower over the 105 
MPs led by Senor Manuel 
Fraga, whose right-wing Popu- 
lar Alliance evidently foiled 
singularly in the electors' eyes 
to exploit the advantages of 
being the chief opposition to 
the Socialists, and even lost 
one seat compared with Octo- 
ber 1982. But Seflor Fraga, 
characteristically, seized upon 
voters' loyalty to declare that 
there was less justification 
than ever for his thinking of 
stepping down. He is 63. 

The Socialist victory show- 
ed a majority of voters re- 
sponding to Seflor Gonzalez's 

theNato referendum, to ex- 
ploit Socialist supporters'' dis- 
illusionment only partially 
came oft This socialist left 
grouping obtained seven seats, 
three up on last time. 

Seflor Suarez now claims 
that he will be back in the 
Prime Minister’s office by 
1990, after trouncing' the So- 
cialists at the head of a 
progressive centre party. 

But his new MPs look a 
motley group, and apart from 
the five elected in Madrid the 
rest come from backward 
parts of Spain, such as the 
Canaries and Castile. 

Seflor Suarez has acknowl- 
edged a certain kinship be- 
tween his party and another 
vaguely centrist protest force, 
the Democratic Renewal Par- 
ty of former President Hanes 
ofPortugal. The problems that 
party now fices are not a good 
omen for Senor Su&rez. 

But, although a poor parlia- 
mentarian, Senor Suarez has 
promised that he will 
constantly in Parliament, 

claims of providing firm and. making the Socialist Govern- 
siable government in the na- ment aware of acute social 


Official results with 99.9 par cant of the votes counted (October 
'82 figures hi brackets): 

PODutar Coalition 
Democratic and Social Centre 
Convergence (of Catatonia) 
United Left 

i Batasuna 
Basque Left 

The official turnout was i 
One seat each was won! 

. % vote 
44 (461 
26 (25) 


■i’ 5 So! 

03 (0.4) 
'elected as Communists 
red with 79£ in 1982. 
Canadas, Galicia and 

Warsaw turns heat on 
Solidarity leaders 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The Pofish authorities, de- 
termined to bant down the 
Solidarity underground, have 
now tamed their attention to 
die banned union's above- 
ground representatives, and 
have called in for interrogation 
Mr Lech Walesa, the Nobel 
Peace Prize winner, his con- 
fessor, Father Henryk 
Jankowski, and bis main ad- 
viser, Dr Bronisbiw Geremek. 

At the same time, the offi- 
cial media are trying to en- 
mesh the Solidarity movement 
with Western intelligence 

Polish television broadcast 
an interview, with a Warsaw 
physiotherapist and masseur, 
Mr Bogdan Charyton, who Is ' 
accused of spying for the 
United States since the Soli-, 
darity era. 

Mr Charyton was shown 
identifying a US diplomat, Mr 
Stephen Mull, as Ms contact— 
“I have met him twice”— and 
the PAP news agency linked 
Mr MuD with Mr Walesa, 
Father Jankowski, Dr 

Mr Walesa: summoned by 
police for interrogation 

Geremek and a student activ- 
ist, Mr Jacek Leskow. 

Mr .Moll was a second 
secretary with a watching brief 1 
over opposition activities in 
Poland. Neither he nor the 
embassy has made any com- 
ment on the charges. 

Mr Walesa and Dr 
Geremek are due to be interro- 
gated today and Father 
Jankowski was questioned 
yesterday. Dr Geremek has 
been interrogated several 
times over the past fortni 
and, although he is obliged to 
stay sOent about the content of 
the questioning, frls assumed 
that the authorities are trying 
to establish connections, be- 
tween the academic and Mr 
Zbigniew Bqjak, the under- 
ground Solidarity leader, 
canght earlier this month. 

Warsaw claims to have 
found ^espionage materiaT in 
Mr Bqjak's hiding place. 

This may be to discredit 
Solidarity in the eyes of Poles, 
hot more likely it is a way of 
demonstrating impeccable so- 
cialist credentials before the 
Communist Party .congress 
next week. 

Tim Soviet version of the 
Solidarity era has always 
been, puMkly at least, that a 
group of countefHrevointionar- 
ies, subsidized by the CIA, 
misled the honest Pofish 
working class. The Polish 
authorities now hope to dem- 
onstrate tint the Soviet analy- 
sis is correct. 

• Priest questioned: Father 
Jankowski was questioned by. 
Warsaw police about his links 
with Mr Mull for two and a 
half hours yesterday, -the 
priest said (Renter reports). 

Israelis to get 
new trade folk 
with the EEC 

Paris (Reuter).-— Mr 
Vjtzhak Shamir, the Israeli 
Foreign Minister, joined M 
Jacques Chirac, the French 
Prime Minister* yesterday for 
the launch of an Israefi- 
European Chamber of 

Diplomatic sources said the 
new trade chamber, based iti 
Paris, would bolster economic 
ties between Israel and the 12 
members of die EEC. and 
tighten political links across 
the Mediterranean. 

But the visit may have 
wider political, significance, 
coming after the release last 
weekend of two French jour- 
nalists held hostage in the 

Mr Shamir win meet Presi- 
dent Mitterrand and the For- 
eign Minister,"; M Jean- 
Bemard Raimond, today. 

He said he had cut his stay 
in Paris from three totwo days 
because of an internal security . 
scandal involving IsraeTsShln 
Beth security police and the 
deaths of two 

Waiter tells of 
killing on 
Achillc Laura 

Genoa (AP)— A Portuguese 
waiter arid an Italian hair- 
dresser who" were- on the 
Acbille Laura finer when , it 
was hijacked last year said 
yesterday, that a gunman 
forced them to dump over- 
board the body; and. wheel- 
chair of an elderly American, 
The waiter then identified 
Youssef Magied al-MoIqi, one 
of the defendants m the-court 
here, as the .man who gave 
them the order.- . •. - 

Senhor Manuel de Souza 
told, the- - court trying the 
accused hijackers and -12 other 
defendants that Tie was sum- 
moned and ordered to bring 
Leon KJinghoffcr in iris wbeeL 
chairio the deck-. 

■Minutes. later, he heard 
shots, and was' summoned 
agahvthis throw Mr 

oft - the Syrian coast When be 
arrived on! c deck Mr 
Kiiughofifer was already dead. 

• Souza said he and 
Sifnor Ferruccio Alberti, the. 
hairdresser, tiriw the body 
imorthe sea. 

Seftor Gouzilez raising his anus in victory at a Madrid hotel after the Socialist Party won the general elections. 

issues, primarily 


In Andalusia, where there 
were elections as well for the 
regional Parliament, the So- 
cialists also retained an abso- 
lute majority, gening 60 seals 
out of toe 109. 

But the advance of the right, 
which won 11 extra seats, 
served to underline Seflor 
Fraga’s firihne in Madrid. 
Similarly, the advance from 

eight to 19 seats by a forceful 
local Communist leader con- 
trasted with the performance 
of his party at national leveL 
In the Basque country the 
advance of the extreme left- 
wing nationalist Herri 
Batasuna (People's Unity) co- 
alition, the political wing of 
Eta, which took five seats, sent 
shock waves through both 
Madrid and Vitoria, It won 
only one fewer than the 

Basque Nationalist Party, 
which governs the autono- 
mous region. 

Hern Batasuna announced 
immediately that it would 
continue its policy of boycott- 
ing the Madrid Parliament. 

In Spain's other historic 
autonomous region. Catalo- 
nia, the Socialists, while they 
remain the biggest party, suf- 
fered losses in the face of 

another advance by national- 
ist forces. 

The Reformist Party's fail- 
ure to win any seats in the rest 
of Spain, except one in Gali- 
cia, gets close 10 the heart of 
Spain's problem of finding a 
viable future alternative. 

In the more developed parts 
of Spain, such as Catalonia 
and the Basque country, it is 
the nationalist parties which 
are strong. 

Paris murder wave 
claims 11th victim 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

The murder in Paris at the 
weekend of Mine Marthe 
Herve, aged 79, in her luxury 
flat in the 8 th arrondisse/nenf, 
has brought to II the number 
of old women living alone in 
the capital who have been 
killed in tbeir homes since the 
beginning of the year. 

Four murders have been 
committed over the past 10 
days. In each case, the only 
motive appeara to have been 
petty theft 

Since 1984, when the ware 
of killings began, a total of 29 
old women have been mur- 
dered. Police believe that the 
same man, probably a drug 
addict, is responsible for at 
least a third of the murders, in 
which certain common charac- 
teristics have been noticed. 

In each case, telephone 
wires have been puQed out mid 
the flat ransacked, but usually 
only cash taken. 

Most of the women have 

been in tbeir seventies or 
eighties. Often they have been 
found with their hands and 
legs bound after being suffo- 
cated, strangled, stabbed or 
beaten to death. 

AD were living on their own, 
and it has sometimes been 
days before the death was 

Paris is particularly prone 
to this kind of attack, having 
more than its share of lonely 
old people. 

There are nearly 250,000 
women over the age of 65 
living in the city, representing 
II per cent of the 22 million 
population. One out of two 
people lives alone. 

Although there are no pre- 
cise figures on how many old 
women live on their own, a 
recent study showed that 79 
per cent of the 41,000 women 
aged 80 to 84 in the capital 
lived alone. 

International grouping 
to study Peru deaths 

Lima (AFP) — The Socialist 
International meeting here 
has set up a commission to 
study Iasi week's crushing by 
the Peruvian military of pris- 
on riots, as more guerrilla 
attacks were reported in Lima. 

One guerrilla was killed and 
three wounded in a police 
chase after they threw a bomb 
into a Lima restaurant on 

Sunday, the police said. 

In a separate incident on 
Sunday, two members of the 
European Parliament, a 
Frenchman and a Belgian 
woman, with a Canadian 
woman who were all attending 
the Socialist International 
conference, were among cus- 
tomers in a Lima restaurant 
forced to leave by guerrillas. 



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The Government - elected on a tax-cutting platform, 
you may remember — is about to raise a new 10% tax. 

That tax, and the costs associated with it, will push up 
the price of a blank audio tape by as much as 20%. 

The Government is calling the new tax a ‘levy? 

Consumers will be liable to pay the Tape Levy what- 
ever their reasons for buying a blank tape. 

The Government says that home taping is illegal 
under existing law but nothing can be done to prevent it 
Therefore the law is an ass. 


But what the Government proposes will only serve to 
turn the law into a donkey. 

Most people tape their own records to protect their 
record collection or make it more portable. They have 
already paid a copyright fee in the original purchase price. 

Yet blank audio tapes will automatically be taxed, or^ 
rathex; levied. 

And the proceeds will go, in the main, to the record 
companies and the music publishers. And they’re rich 
enough already. (The VAT man will, of course, snaffle up 
his fair share of the pickings along the way.) to$pt*e 

Although every consumer may have to pay the tax, .^iat 
the greatest sufferers will be the young, who buy more# :: 
blank tapes than the rest of us. 

The very same young who are pushing record sales iv . v 
beyond even the glory days of the Beatles. And who, in if 
the buying of those discs, have already paid for the right 

to listen to them any number of times. ' 

Stop the Government taxing you unjustifiably. Help , 
prevent the Tape Levy becoming law by contacting:* 

The Tape Manufacturers Group, 17-19 Foley Street S 8 r i 
London W1P7LR y fc- 

■ H 




h,i ¥. 

-» nv 1 . 

" ji£ 

V- u 1 
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in bizarre bid 

to break out 

. FimnToOySaaiSteg.Osto 

LT5t,«S? in ?x e 'v5? nv ?' *« Gambian waj stopped* 
lutefl case ofArne Treholt, the the prison gates at the week- 
. Norwegian junior minister raff « |m n ee ^ 

- and diplomat jailed last year r 1 " 88 1,8 ■“* «» «“ fecial 
for espionage, tot* its most 

rn Vesierday with the 
; of a plan fo 

^ bizarre turn 

disclosure of apian for him to 
escape and flee to Africa. 

. Police were holding two 
suspects, ■ a 17-year-old girt 
identified only us a Norwegian 
drug' addict, and a figmfc>«i 
fellow-prisoner nearing the 
end of a five-year drug-smug-, 
gfing sentence. Two other 
people, including a journalist 
who alerted police to the 
escape plan, and Trebolt' s 
brother Einar, were ques- 
tioned and released at the 

The escape plan was intend- 
ed to enable Treholt, aged 43, 
■to pursue his quest to dear his 
name from the relative safety 
of Gambia or a nearby coun- 
try, perhaps Senegal 
A flat in Oslo had been set 
up as a temporary hide-out a 
car ordered from a Swedish 
dealer and false passports 

It was clear from documents 
discovered in the possession 
of the Gambian that the in- 
assorted group had no appar- 
ent intention of malting for 
any Soviet bloc country. 

Treholt, who had planned 
his escape for Saturday night, 
when many guards at the 
medium-security Ela prison 
near Oslo were watching tele- 
vision, is said to have feinted 
when told on Friday that he 
was being moved to the 
maximum-security . jail. 
Ullersmo. ■ 

The journalist, Mr 

Ulateig, tipped off police ; 

asking a psychiatrist whether 
the prisoner was realty serious 
about his escape plan. 

The documents detailing 
the scheme came to light when- 

leave, to go to a 

They showed that the 
would-be fugrtiveshad hoped 
to set up an import-export 
business in Africa to support 
themselves and to finance the 
attempt .to dear Trebafr’s 

Treholfs car, bought in the 
Gambian’s name, was to have 
been ' waiting outside the 
barbed . wheat Ba on Saturday 
night, and the escape route 
was to have been via Sweden 
and Madrid. Disguises were to 
have been worn, but details 
are sketchy other titan that 
Treholt was to have removed 


last month Treholt sudden- 
ly called off a High Conn 
appeal against his 20-year 
sentence two weeks into the. 
hearing, which was expected 
to last eight weeks. 

He announced his decision 
in court and said it was 
because he had despaired of 
finding justice in Norway. 

One of his lawyers, Mr Alf 
Nordhus, said yesterday that 
the bungled escape plan dem- 
onstrated yet again how un- 
likely H was that his diem 
could have functioned effec- 
tively as any kind of spy. 

Trebolt was head of the 
Foreign Ministry press sec- 
tion, and thought to be one of 
the rising stars in the Govern- 
ment. He was arrested in 
January 1984 at Oslo airport 
as be prepared to board a fiigb t 
to Vienna, Where he allegedly 
planned to meet a member of 
the KGB, Police said his 
briefcase was bulging with 66 

He has steadfastly main- 
tained his innocence, as has 
his family, and it is certain 
that the events of the weekend 
will not be the end of the story. 

Gandhi in 
pact with 
rebel tribe 

Delhi CAP) - Mr k*pv 
Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister, has reached a draft 
peace agreement with the lead- 
er of rebel tribesmen in 
Mizoram state, All-India Ra- 
dio reported yesterday. 

The settlement . -with 
LaMenga, cbkf of the under- 
ground separatist movement in 
the northern Indian state, 
would be sfened after , the 
Cabinet had approved the 

LaHeoga, who opened talks 
with the Government after 
returning from exile in En- 
gland tins year, said the two 
sides were on the brink of 
signing the settlement 

News reports said die pact 
would rive LaWenga's Mizo 
National Runt effective politi- 
cal control. of Mizoram. In 
exchange, LaMenga would 
halt violence. 

Last year, Mr Gandhi 
signed separate agreements 
withSikb moderates and anti-. 

immigra Ht qgjtiifafft h 

[bmjg&desh INDIA 



50 miles 

Protests at 

. Amritsar (AP) - Sikh ex- 
tremists killed a retired army 
colonel and stabbed to death 
two Hindus in hit-and-run 
attacks in Punjab, police said 

The su&bing of one .Hindu 
youth yesterday outside a Sikh 
shrine in Amritsar started 
rioting and . arson. Police j 
wielding batons dispersed 
crowds hurling stones. 

A curfew remained in the 
old section of Amritsar, the 
Sikh holy city. It was imposed 
over the weekend after pofice 
shot and killed one demon- 
strator and wounded two oth- 
ers during a general strike 
called by Hindus in protest 
against Sikh terrorism. 

Stale police reported three 
other extremist attacks over- 
night in Punjab. ' 

. Rajinder Singh, a retired 
Sikh colonel, was shot dead in 
bis bouse in Gunfaspur dis- 
trict, bordering Pakistan. In 
Amritsar, a Hindu was killed 
by tnflftahts armed- with 
spears and swords, a police 
spokesman said. 

The Indian Interior Minis- 
ter, Mr Buta Singh, met the 
Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, in Delhi yesterday 
and reportedly discussed ways 
to stem the violence. ■ 

_ DELHI; Mr Gandhi yester- 
day mged Punjab's CbiefMm- 
ister, Mr Surfit Smgh Barnala, 
to restore order and expr 
concern at the flight of Hindus 
terrorized by Sikh gunmen 
(Reuter reports). 

Inspectors in Japan 
radiation accident 

Tokyo (AP.UPI) — Twelve 

ttoffaternational 1 AtomkTiih- 
ergy Agency, were ‘^slightly’' 
contaminated by plutonium 

They were inspecting a plu- 
tonium storeroom of the Pow- 
er Reactor and Nuclear Fuel 
Development Corporation; 
owned by the Japanese Gov- 
ernment, at Tokaimura, 
north-east of Tokyo. ' 

A corporation official said 
the Japanese were sealing a 
stainless can containing ptato- 

niuin, witnessed by the IAEA. 

The official said empl 
were investigating how i 
ilium leaked from the can. The 
amount of radiation to' which 
the 12weteexposedwas“veiy 
low” and was not believed to. 
be dangerous. 

# MOSCOW: Workers tofl- 
ing to build -a. concrete slab 
under the ruined No. 4 reactor 
at the Chernobyl nuclear planr 
halve completed the task three 
days ahead of schedule, ac- 
cording to Soviet radio (AP 

Nigeria delays 
on two Britons 

Lagos (Renta 1 ) — A Lag 
appeal court yesterday 
felted judgement until Huns- 
day on an appeal by two 
British engineers jailed for 14 
years each for conspiracy and 
theft of an executive jet. 

Kenneth Clark, aged 39, and 
Angus Patterson, aged 41, 
have been held since May 
1984. when they were arrested 
for servicing the jet before it 
was flown: oat of Nigeria is 
defiance of a mffifaiy negate- 
tiro groomCra private pines. 

Judge Phmp Nn a anefr*- 
Agu said jud g eme n t 1o the 
appeal heard on April 22 was 
**not quite read?”. 

Aquino scolds 
toor record 

(Reuter)- - Prest- 
-dent Aquino of the Philip- 
pines criticized V the] 
Association of South-East 
Asian Nations yesterday at the 
start of a meeting -of the 
grouping's foreign ministers: - 
^After:l ^yeaisof existence, 
Asean should already be eval- 
uating the impact of the 
refund . economic co-opera- 
tion instead of- endlessly disr 
cussing how io get ii off file 
ground.” she .said. . , • 

The “seeming indifference 
of lhe rich 'countries to our 
economic-' situation” should 
have prompted Ascaa io look 
after the regiotfs.inierestsj 

Penang Governor to rule on hanging appeal 

FromMG GPffiai 
Kuala Lumpur 

Hopes were raised slightiy ^ 
yesterday for two Australian 
drag traffickers sentenced- to 
be hanged in Malaysia, when 
the lawyer for British-born 
Jobs Kerin Bartow, aged 29; 
asked for their executions to 
be delayed while he signed a 
fresh appeal 

Tun Awug Hassm, the 
Governor of Penang, has indi- 
cated that he would rule on 
that appeal later today, bet 
legal sources thought the pair, 
Barlow and Brian Chambers, 
aged 28, were clutching at 

. Mr Karpal Singh, Barlow's 
tewyerv argue* that since the 
Attorney-General, who is also 
the Public Prosecutor, sat on 
the Pardons Board that reject- 
ed the clemency petition, it 
should have heard counter- 
arguments from tiie con- 
demoed men's lawyers. - 
Previous attempts to stop 
executions on constitutional 
grounds have not succeeded, 
and. there is so reason to 
believe that this one wffl. 

That appears to be register- 
ing with Mrs Barbara Barlow 
and Mrs Sae Chambers, the 
mothers of the condemned 
men, who seem to have re- 
signed themselves to the fate 
of their sons. 

The two women and Mi- 
chelle, Barlow's sister, aged 
17, arrived here on Saturday, 
and were toM that the Pardons 
Board had rejected the clem- 
ency petitions earlier that day. 
Under aFcumstan- 

Mrs Sue Chambers knocking at the door of Pudu prison yesterday, on her second visit to her son, w ho faces execution, 
ces the death sentences would 

be carried oat about five days 

The three women have been 
meeting Bartow and Cham- 
bers fa Kuala Lumpur’s over- 
crowded Pndn prism. 

Yesterday Mrs Barlow and 
Mrs Chambers saw their sous 
for 4% boors. 

When they left Mrs Bartow 
said outside the prison sates: 
“He is calm. Collected. He Is 
an extremely brave boy.** 

Australian jail offer to Malaysia 

Fran Tony Duhoodin, Melbourne 

Mr Brian Burke, the Pre- 
mier of Western Australia, has 
telexed the Malaysian Gov- 
ernment asking for Barlow 
and Chambers in be sent to 
Western Australia to serve life 
sentences without remission, 
which would mean 20 years 
in jafl. 

Mr Burke’s plea came as Mr 
Bob Hawke, the Prime Minis- 
ter. admitted that there was 
■nothing further the Australian 
Government could do to save 
the two from the gallows. 

"The Government has done 
all it can, it has made its 
representation to the Malay- 

sian Government," he said. 
"Mr Hayden (the Foreign 
Minister) did that strongly. 

"I would still hope that 
something could be done 
within the Malaysian process- 
es. but there is nothing more 
the Australian Government 
can do.'* 

Curfew on 
island as 
mobs riot 

Bangkok (Reuter, AP) — Mr 
Prera Tinsulanondi the Thai 
Prime Minister, declared a 
state of emergency on Phuket 
Island after mobs put an ore 
refinery, vehicles and a luxury 
hotel to the torch and stormed 
Government buildings. 

The riots on the’ popular 
tourist island grew out of an 
ami-refinery protest by up to 

100,000 people. The protest- 
ers claimed the plant would 
pollute the environment. 

Mr Prera imposed a dusk- 
to-dawn curfew on Phuket “to 
protect lives and 
property. . .and for the securi- 
ty and safety of the kingdom," 
Radio Thailand announced. 

Police reinforcements were 
rushed in and military units 
placed on standby. But there 
were no reports of casualties. 

The Industry Minister. Mr 
Chirayu Isarakun Na 
Ayuthaya, was evacuated as 
protesters surged out of con- 
trol and blocked fire engines 
from reaching the burning 
areas. He was flown by heli- 
copter to the nearby town of 
Had Yai. 

The plant is to produce 
tantalum, a metallic chemical 
element used to make various 
electronic components. 

A tour bus in from of the 
Merlin Hotel was among sev- 
en vehicles set on fire. 


A ' V. ~r- •> /' > f • * * • 

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Two Solicitors of initiative up to three years qualified to assist Partners in substantial 
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PAGE 3334 « 35 

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DAY JUNE 24 1986 


Nakasone on the campaign trail 


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Leader in his element 

From David Watts 

Kofn, Japan 

When ihe Japanese Prime 
Ministergoes on the campaign 
urail there seems to be only- 
' one issue in the general elec- 
tion - Mr Yasnhiro Nakasone 
and his record. 

And in truth there is little 
else at issue, even in the eyes 
Of the Opposition, which con- 
sistently contests the man 
rather than the party, thereby 
contributing to the strength of 
the Nakasone image. 

In the heartland of the 
Liberal Democratic Party's 
territory the Prime Minister 
sometimes sounds as though 
the achievements of the 
Nakasone administration 
were ail his own work. 

Despite protestations that 
he has no interest in serving as 
party president and Prune 
Minister beyond October, 
when he is on the hustings the 
real, the political Mr 
Nakasone. comes out- “Please 
let me continue with the work 
1 started t h ree-and-a-ha I f 
years ago. Please let me set the 
road for Japan for the 2 1st 
century." be told a small, mid- 
morning crowd in the centre 
of this medium-sized town. 

Kofu should be safe LDP 

In . the 1983 election, 
though^ the LDP dropped one 
of the four seals it usually wins 
here, and if the party is to 
regain control of an Diet 
committees and rid itself of 
dependence on a coalition 
partner it must reach its foil 
potential in places like Kofu. 

There are generous compli- 
ments to Mr Kanemaru for his 
help for the Prime Minister, 
and one of the customary self- 
effacing comments . — “his 
handling of the opposition 
parties allowed a clumsy man 
like me to maintain his posi- 
tion as Prime Minister** — 
which seem somewhat out of 
place coming from a Prime 
Minister confident and fresh 
after a drive of almost two 
hours from Tokyo. 

He does not hesitate to drop 
all the famous names he has 
met during his term of office: 
Mr Gorbachov, Mr Reagan 
and Mrs Thatcher, even the 
visit of the Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales is used to 

impress the voters of 
Yamanashi prefecture. 

There are not many of 
them, though: 500 people on a 
car park in ihe centre of town, 
mostly office workers taking a 
little time off work. 

Mr Nakasone's public pop. 
ularity seems to rest on his 
ability to deal with such 
foreigners and to give Japan a 
world image commensurate 
with its economic power. 

But one cannot help gening 
a sneaking feeling that such 
things as the Maekawa report 
on the re-structuring of the 
Japanese economy came up in 
his morning press conference 
because a contingent of for- 
eign journalists was along with 
the Prime Minister. 

Such international issues 
and big names have precious 
little to do with a town like 
Kofu, and whether the Social- 
ists can be driven from one or 
both of the two seats they hold 
here will depend more on Mr 
Kaneraaru’s ability to deliver 

local goodies than Mr 
Nakasone's high-level interna- 
tional connexions. 

-Overhauling” post-war Ja- 
pan is the Prime Minister’s 
main theme, but the local 
journalists are more interested 
in whether plans are progress- 
ing for a new highway which 
would Jink the Sea of Japan 
coast and the Pacific coast. 

They want w know, too, if a 
new linear railcar line will run 
through KofU, linking it with 
Tokyo and the central city of 

These are the sort of issues 
that bring in the votes. Mr 
Nakasone does not have con- 
crete news on either point, but 
the road scheme should be 
addressed in a forthcoming 
land development plan, he 

The Prime Minister has 
conditionally agreed to a plan 
for a television debate with the 
leaders of the opposition 

All change in air fares 

The challenge was made by 
Mr Masashi Ishibashi, leader 
of the Socialist Party, but Mr 
Nakasone wants the affair to 
be a man-to-man confronta- 
tion with the head of each 
party rather than the panel 
debate Mr Ishibashi bad in 

He also wants the range of 
issues expanded from five to 
10 in order to take in some 
which can only embarrass his 
principal opponent, not least 
of which is the question of 
nuclear power policy in Japan, 
over which the Socialists are 
badly divided. 

country. Its political 
“godfather" is the secretary- 
genera] of the party, Mr Shut 

It is largely agricultural; 
vineyards seem to cover every 
spare inch, including a used- 
car garage, and stretch to the. 
very foot of the mountains 
which surround the town. 

Tokyo (AP) — Japan yester- 
day sud it would allow airtines 
to raise fares from the US to 
Japan by 12 per cent for 
economy dass and 10 per cent 
for first class, with effect from 
July 1. The move is in 
connection with the yen's rise 
against the dollar. 

Fares from Japan to the US 
are to be reduced by 10 per 
cent in the antmnn. The 
change became necessary be- 
cause the yen's sharp rise 

widened the difference be- 
tween the dollar-based air fare 
from die US to Japan and the 
yen-based fare from Japan to 
the US, a Transport Ministry 
official said. 

Round-drip fives from Ja- 
pan to Europe, mefading Par- 
is, London, Rome and 
Frankfort, will be reduced by 
12 per cent, bat one-way fores 
from Europe to Japan are to 
rise by 3 per cent from July 1. 

a blow 
to Hawke 

Sydnev (Reuter) - Austra- 
lian manufacturers predicted 
economic gloom for the rest of 
the year yesterday, as opposi- 
tion mounted to the austerity 
programme of Mr Bob 
Hawke, the Prime Minister. 

The Confederation of Aus- , 
tralian Industry (CAI) said its 
latest survey showed that busi- 
ness confidence and invest- 
ment prospects were at their 
lowest level since Mr Hawke 
came to power three years ago. 

A majority of manufactur- 
ing companies reported a 
significant drop in production 
for the first time in three years, 
and the situation was expected 
to get worse, the survey said. 

Economists said the pessi- 
mistic business expectations 
were a blow to the Govern- 
ment, which had been count- 
ing on a revival in manu- 
facturing to help reduce the 
nation's increasing balance-of- 
payments deficit and relieve 
the external debt burden and 
the battered Australian dollar. 

Meanwhile, the left-domi- 
nated Victoria state branch of 
Mr Hawke's Australian Labor 

by plight 
of ape boy 

Kampala (UP I) — A four- 
year-old war orphan in Ugan- 
da, found In a tribal killing 
ground after surviving on a 
diet of grass and roots, walks 
like an ape and has not spoken 
In nine months. 

The plight of the 
matchs tick-limbed child was 
shown on Ugandan television 
after a visit to his Kampala 
orphanage by Mrs Janet 
Museveni, wife of the 

After the programme, doz- 
ens of Ugandans turned np at 
the home, apparently to offer 
help. Bat the young child, 
whom the staff call Robert, 
lives in a twilight world of his 

“ We don't expect him ever 
to lead a normal life," said his 
nurse, Sarah Lnbega. “He eats 
grass or Is seen gnawing bits of 
wood, often acting tike an 

anim al.** 

The boy has not ottered 
anything other than a high- 

pitched, monotone nail since 
he was found by soldiers nine 
months ago in the Lower! 
Triangle war zone. 

He refuses to stand, crouch- 
ing on his heels, knees tucked 
under his chin. He “walks" in 
a crawL swinging on his 

Staff cannot get him to wear 
shoes or socialize with others. 
He tears most clothes he is 
offered to shreds with his 
teeth, though occasionally he 
tolerates a loose shirt. 

Every known Ugandan lan- 
guage has been tried on him. 
There is no response. Robert 
squats day in, day out staring 
at his surroundings, his eyes 
glazed in an expression of total 

Party unanimously rejected 
his appeal for wage and other 
restraints as part of an auster- 
ity drive. 

Officials of the Australian 
Council of Trade Unions said 
they would not be able to 
control their members if Mr 
Hawke pursued his plan to 
grant only half the expected 
wage increases this year. 

Mr Brian Howe, the Minis- 
ter for Social Securin', said an 
important wages agreement 
among unions. Government 
and industiy was at stake and 
the Government would lose 
the next elections if it 

Mr Nakasone meditating in a Zen Buddhist temple in Tokyo 
after returning from an election campaign tour. 

Cold comfort for consumers as import houses cash in 

From Our Own Correspondent, Tokyo 

Cheaper imports, holidays 
and a gjew of national pride 
generally overcome coon tries 
with skyrocketing cnrrescies. 

Not so Japan. Ever since the 
yen took off in September 
most Japanese have had little 
positive to say about the 
country ’s new-found monetary 

The only voices to be heard 
tend to be half-strangled cries 
from small and medium indus- 
tries. The great beneficiaries, 
the trading houses and import- 
ers of raw materials, say 
nothing and the poor Japanese 
consumer takes what he or she 
is grven. 

And what the Japanese 
consumer is getting out of the 
strong yes is exceedingly mod- 
est, given the strength of the 
currency and the expectations 
that such strength is likely to 
generate abroad in terms of 

increased consumer spending 
and more imports. 

The top names in Japanese 
business have all been taking a 
big drop tit earnings, from a 
relatively modest 75 par cent 
at Sony lor the last six months 
to a foil 40 per emit at 
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 
for the year ending March 31. 

Oil and power companies 
•are enjoying big increases In 
profits through a happy com- 
bination of falling oti prices 
and a strengthening yen, be* 
so for tittle of this has been 
passed on to the consumer. 

Electricity prices for con- 
sumers have been reduced 
slightly bat not enongb to 
make a significant impact on 
household bilb; wholesale 
prices are down by some 9 per 
cent over the last year and 
inflation b almost non-exis- 
tent: all of which appear to be 

Problems of the 
soaring yen 

Part 2 

an excellent recipe for a 
consumer spending boom. 

Bnt ask a Japanese wage- 
earner what it feels tike to be 
so well off and he will conclude 
that yon most be taDtiog to 
somebody else. 

The figures, too, show that 
disposable income in Japanese 
households has risen by less 
than half of 1 per cent for each 
of the past two years. That is 
expected to show a consider- 
able increase tins year, but 
even if it does most of any 
surplus is likely to find its way 
Into savings for children's 
education or old age. 

Besides, there is a wide- 
spread suspicion that as soon 

as the Liberal Democratic 
Party is safely returned after 
the election it is likely to show 
its appreciation with a tax 

Certainly some prices of 
imported consumer nods have 
eased down: some hands of 
Scotch are now cheaper, while 
importers of others argue that 
it is. better to ose the extra 
money to bufld increased mar- 
ket share rather than cot 

But while a Japanese cam- 
era can be bought more cheap- 
ly In London than in Tokyo, 
boxed English tea on a Tokyo 
supermarket shelf costs four 
times its London price, ami a 
box of Weetabix which seQs 
for 74 pence in Britain is £3 in 

Many foreign imports sell 
on foe strength of their exotic 
qualities ansa high price, but 
there are signs that the stron- 
ger yen is giving a boost to the 

small er trading hons ^s which 
can react more quickly to 
changes in prices. 

The big trading firms often 
strike bade at the smaller fry 
by potting pressure on banks 
to stop their loans, but one 
example of a smaller firm 
actually forcing a big one to 
reduce its prices is foe case of 
imported (Hive oil, the price of 
which is now lower than it was 
five years ago. 

An example much closer to 
the hearts of both Japanese 
and foreign consumers is 

Coca-Cola bottled or canned 
in foe United States is now 
cheaper than Coke bottled in 
Japan; the Japanese subsid- 
iary is likely to have a difficult 
time this summer if many 
smaller firms take np parallel 

British cars are having an 
exceptionally good, year, wffo , 
sales of Minis np 100 percent 

and Jaguars by 45 per cent 
Their snocess ts not so much 
dim to the immediate effects of 
the strong yen — foe prices of 
Minis were reduced last year 
— as to the relative values, 
which are shifting in favour of 
imported cars. 

This year Aostin-Rover Ja- 
pan has become foe third- 
largest importer, and is 

looking forward to an annnal 
rate of imports of 6,000 cars by 
the end of foe year. The 
cheapest Jaguar sells at 9.95 
million yen (£39,000) in Japan 
and foe most expensive at 
15.29 nutiion yen. 

Suddenly to reduce the price 
of Jaguars would be to under- 
mine their second-band value. 

Small beginnings perhaps, 
but Mr David Blame of Aus- 
tin-Rover Japan hopes they 
may signal an opportunity to 
break through the 60,000- 
imported-cars-g-year barrier. 


Anarchists say they 
started Athens fire 

From A Correspondent, Athens 

An anarchist movement 
claimed responsibility for a 
fire on Monday that destroyed 
two offices of Greece’s ruling 
party, the Panhellenic Social- 
ist Movement (Pasok), police 
said. It was the second arson 
attack this month on Pasok 
targets in Athens by left-wing 

Fire broke out at 5.40 am 
local lime in a Pasok building 
in central Athens, gutting the 
fifth-floor offices of Pasok’s 
regional government head- 
quarters and the sixth-floor 

offices of its youth movement 
newspaper, Agonistis. 

Police said it was caused by 
an undetermined liquid sub- 
stance and did damage valued 
at about 15 million drachmas 

In a call to a local newspa- 
per. a group called Anarchistic 
Actions said it started the fire. 
The group first surfaced when 
it claimed responsibility for a 
similar blaze at the offices of 
the weekly party organ 
Eexormissis on June 1. 





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For 22 years, the poet Armando VaUadares was the victim of the Castro regime’s gaolers and torturers . . . extracts from his prison memoirs begin today 

Light of hope in Cuba’s darkness 

Harry K«r 

Armando VaUadares, 
law student, poet, 
sculptor and painter, 
was an opponent of the 
regime of President 
Fulgencio Batista, 

which was overthrown 

by Fidel Castro's revolution in 
1959. Bat on December 28, 1960, 
he was arrested for publishing 
criticisms of Coba's dose links 
with the Soviet Union, though be 
was in fact charged with illegal 
possession of firearms and ex- 
plosives. After a two-hour trial, 
on January 15, -1961, be was 
'convttied and sentenced to 50 
years in prison for “offences 
against the state authorities". He 
was aged 23. 

After his conviction, Senor 
VaUadares was sent to the prison 
on Isla de Pines, but later he was 
moved — together with other 
“problematic prisoners'', the 
“plantados", who refused to 
submit to the rehabilitation pro- 
grammes administered by die 
prison authorities — to lit Ca- 
bana, and later still to the 
notorious Boniato jail, where 
isolation and appalling condi- 
tions have led to repeated prison 

uprisings. A protract- 
ed starvation diet and 
the absence of all 
proper medical care, 
left him paralysed for 
several years, and it 
was not until 1980 that 
he was allowed the nse of a 
wheelchair sent to him by Am- 
nesty International. When, in 
1978, the Caban government 
announced a general amnesty for 
many hundreds of political pris- 
oners, Armando VaUadares was 
not among them. 

Deprived of paper, VaUadares 
wrote on torn-off margins of the 
official newspaper, Gnuuna, ami 
the pieces were sampled oat of 
prison in dirty lamtdry. Three 
volumes of verse and letters were 
published, the best known of 
diem a book of poems called 
From My Wheelchair, prompting 
European inteBecfnals to start a 
fwipaign for his release. In 
October 1982, after the personal 

intervention of President Fran- 
cois Mitterrand and growing 
world pressure, Armando 
VaUadares was freed. He had 
spent 22 years in prison. He now 
lives in Madrid. 

This book is my account of the 22 
years I spent in the political 
prisons of Cuba because I had sa id 
that I was opposed to the regime oj 
Fidel Castro. I dedicate it to the 
memory of my companions mur- 
dered ana tortured and to the 
victims who still remain in his 200 

I woke to the muzzle of a 
machine gun held to my 
temple. Three armed men 
were standing round my 
bed. “Where’s the pistol?" 
As the man with the machine gun 
kept my head still, another slid his 
hand under it to check for that 
imaginary pistol I was supposed to 
be armed with. The oldest of 
them, a thin man with greying 
hair, told me to get dressed — I had 
to go with them. These were 
Castro's Political Police. 

When 1 had my dothes on. they 
began the search of the house. 
They spent almost four hours 
going through everything. They 
opened jars and bottles, they went 
through the books page by page, 
they emptied toothpaste tubes. I 
tried to reassure my mother and 
sister that this must be some sort 
of mistake. 

The search finally ended, and 
no weapons or explosives or 
propaganda or lists had turned up. 
They had to leave empty-handed. 
Or almost empty-handed — they 
took me with them. They told my 
mother not to worry, I'd be right 
back. This was December 28, 
1960 ... my return would take 
more than 20 years. 

VaUadares was taken to the 
main headquarters of the Political 
Police, the Cuban "Lubyanka", 
where he was interrogated Three 
days later he was taken by car 
across the bayjmm Havana, to the 
fortress of La Cabana. 

Pedro Luis Boitel was the first 
person I met there. He had fought 
against Batista in the under- 
ground, and later bad managed to 
flee to Venezuela, but he had 
returned when the dictator felL 
We became great friends, as close 
as brothers. 

Every night at La Cabana there 
were firing squads. Pedro Luis 
Villanueva and some other pris- 
oners declared a hunger strike to 
protest against the shootings. They 
were taken out to the yard and 
carried to the chapels, which were 
now reserved for prisoners going 
to death. 

Clodomiro Miranda, former 
commander of Fidel Castro's 
army, was also being held in that 
improvised death row. He had 
fought with great courage defend- 
ing liberty and finally rose to the 

rank of commander. Though be 
was not a man of great political 
consciousness, he could see dearly 
enough that the revolution was 
not taking the course that Fidel 
had promised for iL He took up 
bis weapons again and went off 
once more into the mountains. 

Castro ordered him hunted 
down, and thousands of militia 
were sent out to find him. When 
they captured him, his legs had 
been completely destroyed by 
bullets, in a skirmish. He was 
carried into his trial on a stretcher. 

When they sentenced him to 
death he was taken out of the 
military hospital and locked up in 
one of the horrific cells without a 
bed. He was unable to stand up, so 
he had to drag himself along the 
filthy floor. His unattended 
wounds became infected; then 
they filled with maggots. That is 
how Pedro Luis and Manuel 
Villanueva, another inmate, 
found him. They were the last 
prisoners to speak with him. 

They took Clodomiro down on 
a stretcher into the moat to the 
firing squad. One of the guards 
told us that they tried to tie him to 
the post, but he simply couldn’t 
stand erect. They had to shoot him 
as he lay on the ground. When 
they shot him he cried, “Down 
with Communism!" 

T hirteen days had passed 
since the morning I had 
been taken from my 
home and carried to the 
Minisny. In that short 
time the Political Police had 
prepared the whole case. 1 and 
some others, among them Oliver 
Obregon, my friend who was 
arrested with me, were to be tried 
on the same day. 

In the courtroom we found a 
wooden platform with a long table 
set up on iL At the table the 
members of the tribunal were 
sitting talking among themselves, 
laughing, and smoking cigars, 
chomping on them in Poncho 
Villa style. They all wore military 
uniforms. It was one of those 
typical tribunals, made up of 
anybody at hand: this one was 
composed of labourers. 

At the start of the triaL the 
president of the tribunal, Mario 
Tagle. put his feet up on his chair 
and opened a comic book. From 
time to time he turned to the men 
on . each side of him and showed 
them some titbit that had struck 
him as particularly funny. They'd 
all laugh. And the sad truth was 
that paying any attention to the 
proceedings, even out of courtesy, 
was utterly unnecessary, and they 
knew it The sentences had already 

‘From our point of 
view, we have no 

problem — there — 
have been no “disappeared” 
here, there have been no 
tortures here, there have been 
no murders here. In 25 years of 
revolution, in spite of the 
difficulties and dangers we have 
passed through, torture has 
never been committed, a crime 
has never been committed.’ 

Statements made by Fidel Castro to French and American 
. journalists in the Palacio de la Revolucion in Havana on 
July 28, 1983 , and published in Granina two weeks later. 

Safe at last: Armando and Martha VaUadares in Madrid, when they now lire with their baby 

been decided on and written out at 
Political Police headquarters. 

We had already been told by 
Obregon's defence attorney. Dr 
Aramis Taboada, who had con- 
nections inside State Security and 
who often defended political pris- 
oners in the early 1960s, that there 
were not to be any death sentences 
handed down at our trial. One can 
imagine what a relief that was to 
all of us. 

The prosecutor asked me two or 
three questions, largely related to 
my religious beliefs. He then 
turned to the president of the 
tribunal and told him that I was an 
enemy of the revolution who had 
committed the crimes of public 
destruction and sabotage. 

But neither then nor later — 
because for 20 years I kept asking 
— could any of the authorities tell 
me where 1 had committed an act 
of public destruction. There was 
not one witness to accuse me, 
there was no one to identify me, 
there was not a single piece of 
evidence against me. I was found 
guilty, simply out of the mistaken 
“conviction" held by the Political 

Early in 19S9 Castro gave a 
speech in front of the Presidential 
Palace in which he declared: 
“There will not be more than 
about 400 henchmen and conspir- 
ators against the revolution 
executed." But many more than 
that had already fallen before the 
firing squads. 

There were nights at La Cabana 
when there would be 10 or 12 
executions. You would hear the 
bars of the man's cell door and 
someone coming to the bars to See 
his friend and cry out to him the 
last goodbye. 

The corpses were taken to 

Colon Cemetery, where they were 
buried in a common grave, with- 
out a marker. Their families did 
not even have the sad privilege of 
knowing where their loved ones 
were hurried. 

After the trial VaUadares was 
transferred, with more than 300 
prisoners, to the notorious prison 
at Isla de Pinos — the “Model 

We had heard a lot of talk about 
the prison we were being taken to, 
about the forced labour in the 
quarries, about the chilling search- 
es in which some prisoners always 
wound up dead, and hundreds 
wounded by bayonets. We had 
also heard about the sinister dark 
punishment pavilions with their 
solitary-confinement cells. 

W e came to a kind of 
basement where 
militiamen were al- 
ready waiting for us 
before several piles 
of prison clothes. “All right 1 Get 
those dothes off^ all of you! 
Everybody! Strip!" Everything 
was a rush, everything had to be 
done in a hurry, under the 
constant menace of being beaten 
or run through with a bayonet 
It is impossible to describe what 
I felt at that moment standing 
there like that naked, feeing the 
wall, with the militiamen and 
guards laughing and making fun of 
us, cracking jokes about our 

Once the search and sacking of 
our possessions were done, each 
inmate was given a change of 
clothing. Those who wore small or 
medium were given large-sized 
clothes, and the big or fet men 
were given small sizes. 

As we left we passed a poster on 
the basement wall with a thought 

from Fidel Castro: ‘The revolu- 
tion is greener than palm trees". 

Since it was the common pris- 
oners, supervised by a militiaman, 
that cooked the food for us, and 
since a revolutionary is defined 
by, among other things, his hostil- 
ity. and aggressiveness toward 
counter-revolutionaries, some 
dreadful things happened to our 

On one occasion more than haft 
the length ofa thick cow intestine, 
rectum included, was floating on 
top of the soup. The intestine was 
still full of dung. Complaints were 
made to the soldier who was head 
of the. kitchen, but he always 
shrugged off any personal respon- 
sibility for things that happened. 
We frequently found pieces of 
broken glass. One day the 
food they brought had dead rats in 

One morning, at dawn, I heard 
machine guns rattle and the boom 
of cannons. I jumped to the 
window. On the peak of the hills 
the red-orange blaze of the batter- 
ies installed there lit up the early 
morning. Tracer shells scored the 
dark-blue sky. Almost directly 
above us, anti-aircraft shells were 
blooming into black mushroom 
clouds, and through them floated 
a B-26 bomber, its stiver fuselage 
gleaming in the morning sun as 
the explosions peppered and sput- 
tered all along it path. 

The Bay of Pigs invasion had 
begun. It was April 17, 1961. 

Thai afternoon technicians and 
some soldiers arrived in several 
trucks-and began unloading boxes. 
They filled the foundations of the 
central tower in the prison yard 
with a ton of TNT, thereby 
converting it into a four-storey 
fragmentation grenade of thick 

concrete, whose explosion would 
generate tremendous heat, and 
tons of shrapnel, and produce a 
shock wave more than sufficient 
to kill all 6,000 prisoners. We were 
informed officially that the dyna- 
mite would blow us up if there was 
another invasion attempt 

Knowing that we were sleeping 
on a mattress full of explosives 
destroyed many prisoners' nerves; 
some went completely mad or 
gave way to animal panic. On two 
nights we were awakened by the 
Mood-curdling shrieks of prison- 
ers who threw themselves over the 
■sixth-floor lading into the prison 
yard b&ow. 

In October 1961, VaUadares and 
Boitel along with, two other prison- 
ers managed to escape with the 
help of a common prisoner. They 
were recaptured because the people 
who were to pick them up inn boat 
did not believe that anyone could 
escape from Isla de Pinos, and so : 
did not turn up for the arranged; 
meeting. VaUadares had brakata 
leg during the escape. On their 
return they were sent to the- 
punishment cells. 

They were already beating my 
friends. I heard the dry thud of the 
blows on their naked bodies and 
the cries and curses of the guards. 
Since the light bulb in the hallway 
was at their back, I didn’t realize 
they were armed with thick twist- 
ed electric cables and truncheons. 

“Stand up, faggot!" One of the 
guards shouted as he raised his 
arm. Suddenly my head spun in 
lerrible vertigo. They bait ine 
over and exposed my bade so he 
could beat me more easily. It felt 
as if they were branding me with a 
red-hot iron. Then I experienced 
the most intense, unbearable, and 
brutal pain of my life. One of the 
guards had jumped with all his. 
weight on my broken, throbbing 

The next morning they welded 
the doors shut Lieutenant Cruz, 
head of the Political Police, told us 
Castro had personally ordered it 

In the brief respites between 
being prodded awake with a long 
pole pushed by a guard through 
the chain-link ceiling of the cell, I 
would sometimes fell into a deep 
sleep. Once a rat entered the celL . 
My inert body must have given 

him courage. He began to chew on 
my fingers, gnawing at them 
voraciously. Perhaps I moved and 
he jumped away. Bui he came 
beck. It was the guard who saved 

As the weeks without bathing 
went on, a dark, greasy, scablike 
layer of filth formed over every 
inch of my body. A fungus 
infection began to spread. My 
greatest concern was to avoid 
contracting hepatitis. I never 
touched my food with my hands, 
but ate like a dog, putting my 
snout into the plate. All that saved 
me from complete animality was 
the images that flooded my mind 
when I dosed my eyes. 1 recreated 
the Biblical miracle of calling forth 
the light within me. 

I had come to prison with 
some- religious feeling; ray 
feith was genuine but no 
doubt superficial, since it 
had never been submitted to 
hard. triaL Very quickly I began to 
experience a substantial change in 
the nature of my beliefs. At first no 
doubt I embraced Christ out of the 
fear of losing my life, since I was 
certainly in danger ofbeing shot at 

- There came a moment when, 
seeing those young men for the 
first time at La Cabana depart full 
of courage to die before the firing 
squad and shout “Viva Cristo 
Rey!”, I understood that Christ 
was indeed there for me when L 
prayed not to be killed. I realized 
that he gave my life, and my death, 
meaning. Both my life and my 
death would be dignified by my 
belief in him. 

Christianity became, more than 
a religious feith, a way of life for 
me. Because of my situation it 
seemed my life would necessarily 
be a life of resistance, but I would' 
be sustained in it by love and 

Extracted from Against AH Hope, 
by Armando VaUadares, published 
by Hamish Hamilton on July 7 

© Amundo VaAKfusi 1986 


Love, marriage and 
the road to freedom . . . 


Maybe you’ll think about it tomorrow. 



For credit card donations please telephone 01-253 9433. menup 

Lore of 
the rings 

Despite the 
blessings of ra- 
many prehis- 
toric datings 
can be made 
only to within a 
century or two. Dendrochro- 
nology, the coanting of tiree^ 
rings, has been nsed to cali- 
brate the radio-carbon meth- 
od, but the problem has always 
been to establish a sequence of 
rings in one particular timber. 
Now, however. Queen's Uni- 
versity, Belfast has an- 
nounced a triumph: an 
unbroken sequence of Western 
European tree-rings dating 
back 7,272 years. 

The chronology is based on 
deciduous oaks growing at low 
altitudes, which can be suc- 
cessfully cross-dated between 
Northern Ireland and north 
Germany. Later timbers are 
still in standing braidings, but 
many of the earlier ones come 
from bog oak dug from wet- 

Michael Baffle, who led the 
research, describes the most 
exciting moment, which came 
mi a train journey to Durham: 
“Somewhere on the Yorkshire 
moors wo passed a heap of bog 
oaks. I had just written than 
off as being impossible to 
locate again, when we passed 
the junction of the A1(M) and 
the A689. This gave us a 
reference point, and in the 



An occasional series reporting on research: 

summer of 1981 1 collected 20 
samples. They yielded an 800- 
year chronology from 1150 to 
350 BC which bridged the one 
big gap in the Irish oak 

As a result of the reconcilia- 
tion of the Irish and German 
sequences, there is now a 
strong case for worldwide 
uniformity of radio-carbon 
concentration in ancient wood. 
BaiUie says. This, in torn, will 
make the accuracy of radio- 
carbon dating more reliable. 


sEl A dramatic ex- 
ample of pre- 
historic re - 

from Brittany, 
where, aeons 
ago. a massive 
prehistoric stone monument 
was broken up and one section 
moved more than two miles 

The discovery was made 
during new excavations at the 
famous neolithic tomb of 
Gavrinis. which lies on a small 
island in the Gulf of Morbihan. 
The capstone of the chamber, 
uncovered during restoration 
work, had carvings on its upper 
surface which had been hidden 
since the tomb ww built. These 
include an axe-plough nine 
feet long and a large cow or 

bull with twisted-out horn tips 
which may have been an 
attempt at perspective. 

The swept-back horns of 
another animal are on the 
brokcn-oJT lower edge of the 
slab, ana these have now been 
matched with the body of the 
same beast, on the over-slab cf 
another megalithic tomb the 
Table des Marchands at 
Locmariaquer on the main- 
land. slightly west of Gavrinis. 

Charles Tanguy Le Roux, 
the director of antiquities for 
Brittany, has reconstructed, on 
paper, the original menhir 
from which the two slabs were 
broken, and added a th ird 
granite slab found at er- Vinglt 
the monument would have 
been tieorfr 50 feet high and 
nos erected before 2500 BC. 

Golden find 

The John Lew- 
is Partner- 
ship's Gazette 
recently scoop- 
ed the archaeo- 
logical press by 
reporting on 
the discovery of. an important 
Beaker period burial site, 
accompanied by gold jewellery 
thought to be among the 
earliest metalwork known in 

. The Leckford Estate, near 
Winchester, belongs to the 

"N JLP and the burials were 
y discovered, during the strip- 
ping of topsoil for an oft 
survey. Two skeletons were 
found in a central grave, 
together with a pottery vessel 
of “Bell Beaker" type (proba- 
bly a beer mug), a copper 
dagger, an antler spatnda, and 
two gold ornaments. Two more 
gold pieces were recovered 
from the 40 soil samples 
collected during excavations, 
together with 20 small beads 
made of an alumina riliraf» T 
The gold objects, known 



] Positive balance (6) 

5 Bound (4)) 



8 Instrument (5) 

9 Unrestrained (7) 

11 Small accordion (8) 




13 Water hole (4) 



monument (7.6) 



18 Elysian Fields flower 





Z2 Horad contests (5) 

23 Let it stand (4) 







2 -Kingly (5) 

3 JcdogradcO) 7 Official announce- 

4 Hack/cream/brown mm (10) 

10 Unskilled (10) 

f n\ ,2 Terrible fine (4) 

6 Flal upland (7) I4 BIud9S0n <4) 


NoaHe 24Xhoja «w«Dar ztZujgan 22 Fichu 23 

DOWN: iKasbah 2 Minor 3 Recover* irm n-.r • , 

Portico 7 Toner l2Cruti6x MExtiw? SCo ?a* 

Bucko 20 Daub »wuzen IS Trauma 19 

16 Pamphlet (7) 

19 Buigiadesfa capital 

20 Unruly child (4) 

22 Manipulate (3) 

cofloqtnaDy as “ear-rings", 
consist of roughly oval sheets 
of gold with a projecting 
“tail". Each sheet was rolled 
into a cylinder with the “tail" 
wrapped round its middle. 
Linear decoration had been 
raised with a light punch on 
the face of each piece. As it 
would be difficult to insert the t 
pieces into the earlobes, it is 
thought that braids of hair 
were pulled through the 

Dr Norman Hammond 

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S ix years ago sporty 
looks raced through 
high fashion. Now 
style has come to 
sponswear. The action 
eighties have put top spin on 
the most classic designs. 
Stripes broad and narrow 
break up the expanses of plain - 
white, and shorts, socks and 
sweatbands pick up dolour 
and pattern. 

Sportswear labels are the 
motifs of Wimbledon wearers, 
from Fred Perry’s victory 
laurel wreath or Slazenger’s 
prancing puma to Le Coq's 
crowing cockerel or the three 
striped leaves of Adidas. The 
status names bring out the 
fashion stories first, and this 
season they are slicing colour 
into their separates for graphic 
contrasts with plain white. 

Separates are the story for 
active sports designs, and the 
best of them mix together into 
a cocktail of clothes. For fair 
weather amateurs, this means 
that tennis clothes are not just 
seasonal garments emerging at 
Wimbledon and under wraps 
by September. 

Shirts and shorts, track suit 
jackets and track pants all 
come together and divide up 
for other sports, for summer 
holidays, or even just for 
lounging at home. 

The track suit was the first 
garment to make the two-way 
stretch between high energy 
clothing and leisure fashion. 
Choice of fabric is important 
to serious sports players, who 
may pick skinny pants for 

running and looser ones for 
jogging. Soft shorts, based on 
the athletic training shorts and 
made in stretchy towelling, T- 
shirt or track suit cotton, are 
another development from 
track pants. These are the 
shorts that make action outfits 
for tennis and play suits for 
holiday beaches. The curved 
legs of the shorts, often deco- 
rated with a flash of colour, 
are matched to a shapely cap- 
sleeved T-shirt. 

Apricot and blue, used to- 
gether. are the high fashion 
shades of the season. But track 
suits come too in a wide range 
of pastels and in much stron- 
ger combinations like the 
yellow, scarlet and black of 
Adidas action wear. 

The polo shirt — short 
sleeved, with collar and three 
buttons — is a !9S0s classic and 
beloved by high fashion in 
plain white; the original Fred 
Perry pique shirt is still being 
copied by high street stores 
after 34 years of sporting life. 
Lacoste has given the fashion 
world a taste of mouth-water- 
ing colour, traditionally in one 
solid shade with the crocodile 
motif snapping at the left 
breast. The polo shirt also 
comes up striped, flashed with 
colour across the sleeves or 
bisecting the torso in diago- 
nals or squares. When the 
outfit is designed for tennis, a 
primrose or aqua blue stripe 
on the sleeve will be picked up 
discreetly in the waistband of 
shorts or edging a dress. 

The more formal tennis 

clothes tor women are the 
tennis dresses, which are hav- 
ing a minor comeback, or the 
skirls which team with sports 
tops, so that you wear a singlet 
on scorching days or a regular 
polo shirt to create your own 
mixed doubles. The Italian 
sports house Ellesse has given 
its summer range a feminine 
touch with insets of pleats in 
tennis skirts and soft pastel 
colours mixed with white. 

Specialist sports stores are 
where you get the best advice 
on suiting yourself in active 
wear. Olympus has a wide 
range from tennis clothes to 

running vests, shorts and the 
different weight track suits. 
Lillvwhites is the best known 
of all sports stores and offers 
specialist golf shoes or a tennis 
pro to help you choose a 
racket. Harrods Olympic Way 
is another arena for both 
committed and fair weather, 
sports enthusiasts. 

The high street loo has been 
quick to catch on to the 
sportswear potential. Marks 
and Spencer, which started 
tennis wear as an experiment 
six years ago. has seen it grow 
into an eighties success story. 
Its leading stores now have 

sportswear areas which this 
season, for the first time, 
include squash and tennis 
rackets. Its tennis clothes and 
leisure track suits are in high 
fashion apricots and blues 
mixed with white, and in a 
choice of fabrics from the 
avant-garde Mitrelle to more 
familiar cotton T-shining. 

Nothing illustrates the tri- 
umphant success ot' fashion 
sportswear better than the 
running shoe. 

Every child and half the 
adult poluation wear trainers. 
They come in mixes of leather, 
suede, canvas and man- 

mades. They have tractor 
tread soles or punched uppers. 
They are flashed with colour, 
tied with fancy laces, and the 
status name suppliers are as 
competitive as fitness freaks. 

It is a short fashion step 
from running shoes to running 
up clothes. Adidas. Nike, 
Puma and Reebok are house- 
hold names to a fashion- 
conscious generation. 

No wonder, then, that the 
centrepiece of the fashion 
show' at the Royal College of 
.Art was the clothes - designed 
by Anne Tyrcll — that go with 
the Nike Wimbledon shoes. 

Above; Silky track pants in sky blue Mitrelle polyester piped 
with apricot. £19.99; cap-sleeve T-shirt £10 99 and apricot 
and blue stripe V-neck cotton cardigan £16.99; matching 
sports socks pack £3.99; shoes £12.99. Tennis racket £19.99. 
All from a range at selected Marks and Spencer branches 

Centre; Heart-patterned apricot and white vest top with rib 
knit inserts, matching pleat skirt, by Silvy. £55 from Olympic 
Way. Harrods. Knightsbridge. Gingham check socks and 
shoes from Fenwick of Bond Street 

Far left Candy striped pink and white pleated skirt by 
Lacoste £31 .95. stripe trim top £24.95 both from Lillywhites. 
Piccadilly. Spotty headband £2 95. socks and gym shoes all 
from Fenwick of Bond Street. Prince racket. Lillywhites 

Photographs by Suresh Karadia 

Our top jewellers are 
having a busy 
summer of racing 
and hosting polo 

T his is a high profile 
summer for London's 
jewellers, who are using 
1 their social clout to back the 
sports of princes and kings — 
as well as staging special 
exhibitions of gems. 

First off 14 years ago were 
Diamonds International who 
have added sparkle to horse 
racing with Ascot's Diamond 
Day (Jnty 28). They are neck 
and neck with Cartier, whose 
International Polo (July 27) is 
now an annual social and 
sporting fixture. This Satur- 
day (June 28) Garrard, the 
Crown Jewellers, present ^be 
Birthright polo gala at Smith's 
Lawn in aid of the charity 
backed by the Princess of 
Wales. Van Cleef and Arpels 
are also backing polo with a 
trophy at the newly inaugurat- 
ed Royal Berkshire Clnb 
(June 28). 

^ ? ■ | 

W Jr j 

U ■: 

Diamonds International ring 

set in black steel and gold 

The jewellers set in a duster 
at the lower end of Bond Street 
•have been celebrating the 
street’s three centuries of ex- 
cellence, with gleaming gold 
windows from Greek designer 
Hias Laioonis, sparkling dis- 
plays at Boocberoo and a 








TEL: 01-491 1405 TELEX: 266265 




special collection (until tomor- 
row) of archive pieces at Van 
Cleef and Arpels. 

Cartier, meanwhile, have 
played host to the Diamond 
International Awards — now 
on the move between Scotia od 
and Israel on a 13-nation torn. 

A diamond can never be 
too big or too bold — 
that is the message 
from the award winners, who 
have used large stones flam- 
boyantly and made lavish 
settings for the (relatively) 
smaller diamonds. 

Pave- set diamonds, the 
stones intricately butted to 
form a crazy paring of glitter, 
is an incoming style that was 
last in fashion in the 1930s. 
From that era too comes a 
revival of the square emerald- 
cat diamond, dramatically set 
in a circle of black onyx for a 
brooch by Diana Vlnceor oi 
the US A. 

The choice of materials for 
the settings is thoroughly 
modern: diamonds studding a 
black leather wrist band from 
Japan, or a stunning six-carat 
stone in a black carbon and 
white agate ring from Italy. 
The diamonds are set in rock 
crystal, black lacquer, lapis 
lazuli and even the space age 
rainbow-coloured titanium. 

Ginnie de Vroomen. one of 
the two British winners, sums 
np the oread in her ridged 
ebony bracelet set with dia- 
monds in platinum and yellow- 

F ashion trends in 
jewellery shown in this 
influential design con- 
test are bold earrings (which 
have already reached the high 
street) and the revival of the 
brooch or pin. 

Exciting high fashion pieces 
include a pa v e-set diamond 
brooch shaped like a folded 
pocket handkerchief from the 
US, a pierrot raff of yellow- 
gold edged in diamonds from 
Italy, and the ultimate fashion 
accessory from France: a Cba- 
nei-styie head bow made out of 
gold filigree and studded with 

• On Thursday the newly- 
inaugurated Garrard award 
will be made to a student at the 
Metalwork and Jewellery De- 
partment of the Royal College 
of Art Garrard have also 
announced expulsion plans 
for their Regent Street store, 
and the appointment of a new 
director, Mr David Thomas, 
formerly at Collingwood. 


•ft * * ** 




Some British companies arc less 
willing than others to reveal that 
they are supporting the new anti- 
sanctions lobby group. Bicsa I Brit- 
ish Industry Committee for South 
Africa! A statement by the group, 
selling oui iis objections io sanc- 
tions, carries the names of only 34 
of the 50 companies with interests 
in South Africa who have paid to 
join. Among the absentees is 
Barclays, whose spokesman tells 
me to’ “draw your own conclus- 
ions" as to w hy the company does 
not want publicity for its anti- 
sanctions stand. "There's a lot of 
hypocrisy on all sides in this 
situation." says Bicsa chairman 
Sir Leslie Smith, while refusing to 
name the other 15 absentees. 

Slipped discs 

The rise of the home computer is 
putting an end to all those familiar 
conventional "reasons" for failing 
to hand in school homework. 
Teacher Pat Parnell, writing in the 
current Readers' Digest, records 
the new wave of excuses. “My 
little brother scribbled all over it 
with his crayons" becomes “My 
little brother played Pac-Man on it 
and erased il" “I left it on my desk 
at home" has apparently turned 
into “ f fefi it on my disc at home," 
while that favourite corporate 
disclaimer. “The computer was 
down" has devolved to the class- 
room. Finally, the perennial 
standby of the sluggard. “The dog 
chewed it up." has acquired a 
high-tech counterpart: “My com- 
puterate iL" 

Social realism 

Three sisters playing The Three 
Sisters'. 1 Possibly. The enticing 
prospect is held out by a Dublin 
impresario. Noel Pearson, who 
wants Sinead. Sorcha and Niamh 
Cusack to play the title roles of 
Chekhov's classic in London in 
the autumn. Cyril Cusack, the 
proud father, tells me there is 
“enormous interest” in the project 
and it is now “largely a matter of 
organization”. It could mean a 
tight schedule for Niamh and 
Sinead. One is playing Juliet in 
Romeo and Juliet for the RSC: the 
other is soon to appear as Lady 

Some son 

Ronald Reagan Junior is set to 
cause more paternal embarrass- 
ment. Recently he appeared in an 
American television comedy show 
prancing around the White House 
in his underpants. Soon he will be 
seen in an advertisement, with the 
following line: “Every time I pull 
out the American Express card 
people treat me like father." J 
wonder what would happen if he 
tried to use it in Russia. 


An informant tells me he over- 
heard Jeffrey Archer proclaim in 
Hatchards of Piccadilly the other 
day that more people watched the 
television serialization of his 
novel Cain and Abel than voted 
Tory in the last election. This 
would of course be a heresy no less 
scarlet than John Lennon’s claim 
that the Beatles were more popu- 
lar than Jesus Christ Archer was 
less than amused when l tele- 
phoned him. “Haven’t you got 
anything better to write about?” 
he snapped. "Anyway. 1 didn't say 
iL Actually, it was Michael Grade 
who said ii to me. You certainly 
can't use iL" Over the weekend, 
however. Archer s natural love of 
press freedom got the better of 
him. and he phoned me with the 
official figures: Tory voters. 
13.061.622: Cain and Abel 
13.700.000. Very marginal. 


“There's the radioactive, or 
the hormone- treated, artificially- 
coloured. factory-fanned' 

Eightsome reels 

Peter Coni QC. chairman of the 
Henley Royal Regatta manage- 
ment committee, is less than 
happy about plans by an unasso- 
ciaicd group to hold a July S binge 
which it has dubbed “The Henley 
Royal Regatta Ball". It is due to 
take place a( Fawfey Court Man- 
sions in Henley, a large building 
with extensive grounds, run by 
nuns. Proceeds (tickets are £25 
each) will go to the Divine Mercy 
College and to Windsor Sea Cadet 
Society. The upshot is that Ian 
Halifax, the organizer, has been 
threatened with legal action. Hali- 
fax himself was not available for 
comment when I rang him. but his 
father. Frederick Halifax, head of 
the family business, explained: 
“We did not realize this needed 
their permission. We used the 
name because it coincided in lime 
and place with the regatta. It was 
done in ail innocence." It is now 
not certain whether the ball will 

take place PHS 

Baldwin lessons for Thatcher 

"The present raics of benefit are 
too high . . . they reduce the in- 
centive to seek work . . This 
scmimcnL characteristic of many 
of the present government’s 
supporters, might have been 
voiced at any time during the past . 
three \ears. 

Similarly, when the Chancellor 
asserts that “in the view of the 
Treasury, unemployment is more 
effectively arrested by national 
economy than national expen- 
diture". he shows himself well 
within the mainstream of Thatch- 
ente thinking. 

Of course the achievement of 
economies is easier said than 
done. As the Minister of Health 
points out. “any attack on the 
health service would produce an 
uproar out of ail proportion to the 
money saved." 

Despite their contemporary ring 
these three quotations are from 
1925. when unemployment bene- 
fit rates were substantially lower 
than today, public spending was a 
fraction of its present level and the 
health service existed in only the 
most rudimentary form. 

They come from a Ministry of 
Labour spokesman, from Winston 
Churchill and from Neville 
Chamberlain, respectively Chan- 
cellor and Minister of Health. 

Parallels between the Baldwin 
and Thatcher administrations, de- 
spite the personality and philo- 
sophical chasms between their two 
heads, extend far beyond these 
quotations. Both enjoyed huge 
parliamentary majorities, yet their 
massive election victories of 1924 

by Timothy Yeo 

and 1983 were won with only a 
minority of the popular vote, each 
the consequence of opposition 
votes being split between Labour 
and Liberals. 

Then, as now, the government 
survived a protracted miners' 
strike which damaged the econ- 
omy and weakened the miners’ 
union. Then, as now. Parliament 
passed legislation curbing trade 
union power and attacking the 
political levy. 

And the Baldwin government 
like Mrs Thatcher's, had to grap- 
ple with persistently high un- 
employment after a sharp fall in 
the rate of inflation: there was 
concern then, as there is today, 
about the decline in manufac- 
turing industry and Britain’s fall- 
ing share of world trade. 

While major reforms in the field 
of pensions and local government 
finance were devised and in- 
troduced, the Chancellor main- 
tained a running battle with the 
spending departments, constantly 
urging cuts in expenditure. Even 
civil service manpower came un- 
der attack. 

Today's party managers must 
hope that the analogy does not go 
too far. In the General Election of 
1929 the Conservative Party suf- 
fered a defeat, being reduced to 
*260 seats in a hung Parliament in 
which (he Liberals put Labour 
into power. 

The swing to the Liberals was 
greater than that to Labour, with 

the result that no party secured an 
overall majority. The Liberals 
were left holding the balance of 
power and used their position to 
instal a Labour government 

Some historians have suggested 
that one of Baldwin's achieve- 
ments was to give Labour time to 
mature into a party sufficiently 
responsible for the burden of 
office. A similar verdict would 
hardly be welcome to Mrs 
Thatcher, yet the danger, though 
only slight exists. 

The success of the present 
government in winning the 
intellectual and political argu- 
ments over trade union reform, 
wider home and share ownership. - 
and privatization may reduce the 
risk of these measures being 
reversed by a subsequent admin- 
istration. But paradoxically, the 
more these reforms are perceived 
as permanent and immutable, the 
less the electorate will be afraid of 
a non-Tory majority in Par- 
liament Neil Kinnock could thus 
be one improbable beneficiary of 
the Thatcher era. 

To make this possibility less 
likely three- lessons should be 
learnt from the dying years of the 
Baldwin government: 

• At a time of high and rising 
unemployment the Chancellor 
must be carefal not to sound 

complacent or unsympathetic 
when making cheerful reports 
about the state of the economy. 
Churchill's consistently optimistic 

tone in 1924-29 did not help Tory 
electoral prospects and Nigel 
Lawson, who has the chance to 
become only the fourth Tory ever 
to present five consecutive bud- 
gets { Peel being the first), runs a 
similar risk. 

• The political naivete ofbusiness 
tycoons should not be underesti- 
mated. A significant factor in 1 929 
was the well publicized endorse- 
ment by top industrialists in an 
eve of poll “businessmen’s 
manifesto” of Lloyd George's 
proposals for increased infrastruc- 
ture investment as a cure for 
unemployment However well in- 
tentional the consequence was to 
help the Liberals to instal a 
Labour government 

• Timing and preparation are 
critical. New rating assessments 
came in just before the 1929 
election, annoying many domestic 
ratepayers. The election manifesto 
itself was hastily produced and 
insubstantial. Such mistakes, in 
theory easily avoidable, are often 
made by governments long in 
office. Some battle-weary Tory 
backbenchers believe the present 
one is heading that way. 

Historical comparisons can al- 
ways be faulted by those who wish 
to stress the differences rather 
than the similarities between two 
eras. Nevertheless the situation 
facing the Baldwin government 
before 1929 is close enough in 
some respects to today to justify 
more than a passing glance. 

© Times Wti fi pa pw a , 1386. 

The author is Conservative MP for 
Suffolk South. 

Robert Fisk on the efforts to bring Syria back in the fold 

Oiling a new Arab line-up 


As they have looked northward 
from this royal capital these past 
six years, a bleak perspective has 
greeted the princes of the House of 
Saud- Israel occupies the land 
which the Saudis, like most other 
Arabs, still call Palestine. Iraq is 
fighting for its life against the 
Iranians, traditional enemy of the 
Arabs. Jordan cannot even per- 
suade the Palestinians to co- 
ordinate demands for the return of 
the West Bank and Gaza Strip 
from Israeli occupation. Syria, 
allied to Iran, has perpetually 
called for the overthrow of the 
Iraqi regime. Lebanon, so trau- 
matic a catastrophe that the 
Saudis prefer not to discuss iL 
scarcely meets the definition of a 
nation-estate any longer. 

For Arabs who still believe in 
ittihad - in unity, and in the 
political and military strength that 
unity is supposed to give them —it 
is difficult to imagine a more 
dismal spectacle. The only real 
unity they ever had was under the 
Ottoman Empire, whose defeat in 
the First World War effectively 
broke up the structure of the 
“Arab nation” to which the dic- 
tators of the region now nominally 

In the brief period before the 
British and French broke their 
promises of Arab independence 
and carved up the Middle East 
into their own spheres of in- 
fluence. the Hashemites did create 
a semblance of ghostly Arab 
nationalism when Feisal ibn 
Husain, grand-uncle of the present 
King Husain of Jordan, was 
elected king of Syria at a noisy 
majlis- in Damascus. He was to 
become King of Iraq. Feisal’s 
brother Abdullah — King Hus- 
ain's grandfather — was to be- 
come Emir of Transjordan. His 
brother Ali ruled the Hejaz until 
Abdul Aziz drove him oul Yet 
today, the Hashemites control 
only a tiny kingdom east of the 
Jordan river, having lost the W'est 
Bank to Israel in 1967; Amman is 
a mere village amid the cities of 
the Middle East and Jordan a 
post-Habsburg Austria in which 
more than half the population can 
be classified as refugees. 

Thus a special historical bur- 
den - some might say guilt - 
hangs upon the shoulders of King 
Husain. It is this burden which 
drove him into the frustrating 
negotiations with Yassir Arafat for 
a mandate to seek the return of the 
West Bank. And it is this same 
legacy which has given the Hash- 
emite monarchy a pivotal role in 
Arab affairs once more, by bring- 
ing together those same nations 
once claimed or ruled by King 

mr* a 

Husain’s own grandfather and 

It is not just a family affair, of 
course, and the machinery of re- 
establishing relations between 
Syria and Iraq is well oiled with 
Saudi dollars. But the king is now 
trying to create an arc of security 
for the Saudis. Iraq and Jordan by 
turning Syria away from its mili- 
tary and political alliance with 
Iran. As the news comes in from 
the front lines of the Gulf War - 
and the news is all bad for the 
Arabs, whatever the Iraqis may 
claim - the Hashemites. the 
House of Saud and the regimes of 
Saddam Hussein and Hafez el- 
Assad may soon be able to take 
comfort in a new sense of unity, 
albeit brought about by their 
mutual fear of Iran and their 
growing economic problems. 

It is not difficult to see the 
pressures that have been brought 
to bear upon Syria. Owing mil- 
lions of dollars in oil payments to 
Iran, compromised bv Iran’s 
incursions into Iraqi territory, 
desperate for foreign currency and 
unable to obtain it from die Saudis 
without substantial political con- 
cessions. unable to establish the 
credibility of its own anti-Arafat 
Palestinian guerrilla organization 
and isolated in its self-declared 
role as vanguard of the Arab 
cause. Syria needs friends. 

The Egyptians, who realize 

there can be no Middle East 
settlement without Syria, are al- 
ready privately urging Saddam 
Hussein to prepare himself for a 
summit with Assad. Ail the states 
in that “arc of security” realize 
that if the Iraqi dam bursty it will 
be Egyptian manpower which will 
have to be thrown into the breach 
to prevent the Arabs’ greatest 
disaster since 1948. 

In theory, then, a profoundly 
important realignment is taking 
shape in the Middle East, a 
renewal of alliances that King 
Husain may like to present to the 
US as a viable negotiating team 
for the peace settlement for which 
he yearns. If the Arab states of the 
Levant and the Gulf can come 
together, then surely they will 
have the power to deliver on any 
commitments about the future 
security of Israel. 

There are. however, two serious 
flaws in this argumenLThe first is 
that the Palestinians must be 
represented in a new Arab strate- 
gic alliance and are likely to insist 
that their leadership is controlled 
by Yassir Arafat — whom neither 
Assad nor Husain can now tol- 
erate. The second is that neither 
Israel nor the US is likely to see 
any advantage in a powerful Arab 
front; why should Israel wish to 
return to 'the state of affairs that 
existed in 1967 when Syria, Jor- 
dan. Egypt and even Iraq were 

sufficiently united to fight together 
to recover occupied Arab land? 
And why should the US want to 
encourage such a powerful Arab 
coalition when the Arabs would 
then insist - as they already do, 
that Moscow should be a co- 
signatory of any future Middle 
East peace agreement? 

Arafat has said several times 
that he suspects another Yalta is in 
the making, a conclave of super- 
powers and Arab states which 
would abandon the Palestinians to 
their fate as surely as the US and 
Britain abandoned Eastern Eu- 
rope to the Russians. If his fears 
prove well-founded, the results 
will be partly of his own making. 
The PDO’s prestige and morale 
have never been so low, its 
fragmentation a symbol not just of 
Arab betrayal but of its own 
inability to grasp the opportunity 
which King Husain has provided 
for realistic negotiations. 

Husain would like to regain his 
lost territory west of the Jordan 
river before granting Palestinians 
the autonomy which they have 
demanded. He is vigorously 
publicizing this ambition among 
European and American leaders. 
As peacemakers within the Arab 
camp as well as within the Middle 
East as a whole, the Hashemites 
could achieve a new stature. But 
even now, the mutual suspicion of 
Iraqi and Syrian dictatorships is 
preventing any serious dialogue. A 
planned meeting between their 
foreign ministers recently failed to 
materialize; one Gulf newspaper 
claimed that the talks had indeed 
taken place but had gone so badly 
that both sides agreed to deny 
their existence. 

Israel has nothing to gain from 
an Iranian victory in the Gulf War 
but equally nothing to gain from 
an Arab victory. Israeli arms 
supplies to Iran, however covert 
their method of delivery, are likely 
to continue, just as American and 
French supplies do to Iraq. The 
Americans are hostile enough 
towards the Iranians to support 
the .Arabs; but why give the Arabs 
a new military strength at the very 
moment when their oil weapon 
has become redundant? 

Meanwhile, the Saudis will go 
on looking apprehensively to their 
northern horizon, relying, as al- 
ways. on the Americans for ul- 
timate protection — just as the 
Israelis do. Indeed, that is just 
what the Jordanians, the Iraqis 
and even the Syrians will be doing 
if the Iranians take more ground in 
the Gulf war. As always, any new 
Arab alignment is going to need 
the approval of Washington — 
which probably means the ap- 
proval of Israel as well. 

Capitalism gorging itself on Liberty 

New York 

On July 4 — America's birthday, 
and the Statue of Liberty's centen- 
nial — New York will be engulfed 
in a swamp of schmaltz, the like of 
which has not been seen in the 
historv of unctuousness. 

The intention is to whip up such 
patriotic fervour, and draw so 
deeply on the well of sentiment, 
that for days America will be half 
choked by the lump in the 
national throaL The saluting of 
the statue will demonstrate the 

potency of national myths and 
symbols; and as a mega marketing 
and made-for-icJc v jsi on event, it 
will simultaneously hail and mul- 
liplv the dollar. 

The occasion of the statue’s 
anniversary, signalling the 
completion of its £46 billion 
rcsioration. will demonstrate the 
American belief that if something 
is worth doing it is worth overdo- 
ing. Like a spectacle commanded 
by a pharaoh, or Cecil B. dc Millc. 
n will be stupendous in scale, 
enabling its participants to gorge 
on gorgeousness. As an assertion 
of continuity, identity and patri- 
otism it will be a form of 
coronation — and. indeed, the 
lady's crown has been restored, 
along with her spine, ribs, nose, 
eyes, arm and gown. 

"Give me your tired, your poor, 
your huddled masses”.’ goes the 
poem by Emma Lazarus at the 
base of the statue. Certainly ihe 
masses will be huddled in their 
millions when President Reagan 
illuminates the statue on the 
evening of July 3. inaugurating 
four days of celebrations. 

But thousands of them will have 
to be very rich indeed to afford the 
best seats on (and and sea. One 
harbourside restaurant is charging 
£660 a head for dinner that night. 
Many people are paying similar 
prices for places on the tens of 
thousands of boats that will shoal 
around Liberty island in New 
York harbour.’ A man with a 
harbour view is renting out his flat 
on July 4 for £16.600. Chrysler is 
hiring the QE H to provide a 
viewing platform for 800 car 
salesmen. Coca-Cola is renting 
one of the Staten Island femes. 
President Reagan will watch from 
an aircrafi-camer. 

Indeed. Liberty weekend wjy be 
as great a naval occasion as a 
Victorian Spilhead review, with 
warships from 30 countries. 20 tall 
ships and more than 200 other 
smaller sailing vessels in atten- 
dance. Massed choirs will sing 
America the Beautiful. The Chief 
Justice will swear in 2.000 new 
American citizens on Ellis Island. 

the former gateway to America, 
and 40.000 others will join the 
ceremony by satellite. The biggest 
flag will be flown, the biggest band 
will blare and the July 4 ti reworks 
display ujH be 10 limes more 
dazzling than usual. 

Liberty's face and form are 
everywhere. There arc metal, 
wood and plastic Liberties by the 
million, and you can buy a 9fi 
plaster replica for £630. You can 
cat chocolate Liberties, and a New 
York delicatessen owner is build- 
ing a three-and-a-haif foot Liberty 
in chopped liver. 

As pan of the fund-raising 
drive. SO companies have been 
licensed by the money-raising 
foundation to use the "official” 
Statue of Liberty logo. It appears 
on air fresheners, rubbish bags and 
beer mugs. But it has been refused 
to manufacturers who wanted to 
stick it on coffins, lavatory seals, 
dog collars and guns. 

Although some find it offensive, 
commercialization of the statue 
has gone on ever since France gave 
the 1 51 ft colossus to the United 
States as a symbol of democracy. 
Her image has been used to sell a 
huge variety of things, from 
corned beef to knickers: and 
deodorant makers have cunningly 
exploited the upraised right arm/ 

The marketing and fund-raising 
for the restoration has been a saga 
marked by leadership squabbles, a 
congressional inquiry and the 
sacking of Chrysler’s chairman. 
Lee lacocco. from one of the two 
top fund-raising jobs. He had the 
sense to hold the other job as well, 
so he stayed in the limelighL 

The Statue of Liberty centennial 
conies at a lime which many 
Americans feel is the high point in 
their history'. The turmoil and 
uncertainties of the 1960s and 
l9"0s are far behind them. There 
is no war and Reagan is a good- 
time president for the majority 
who are not poor. 

Inevitably critics point to the 

humbug and contradiction inher- 
ent in ihe celebration of the noble 
immigrants whose first sight of the 
promised land was the statue. The 
reality was that migrants were 
often despised and badly treated 
b> their fellow Americans. And For 
all the “give me your tired” 
sentiment, thousands were lumed 
away as being too unfiL 

Still, the Statue of Liberty, the 
copper goddess, remains the most 
powerful of American symbols, a 
majestic repository of an ideal. 
And sculpting her in chopped liver 
must be an act of love. 

Trevor Fishlock 

Digby Anderson 

Making health 
a living death 

■ .u5 

Sobering thoughts as you contem- 
plate the approaching summer 
holidays; we have been told that 
exposure to the sun carries the risk 
of skin cancer, so no more 
lounging on beaches. Fizzy drinks 
can make children ill: no Coke, no 
fizzy lemonade. Eating most 
things except bran and nuts is 
risky, so no restaurants. Alcohol, 
even in minute quantities (a 
couple of decent drinks a day, says 
the British Medical .Association J, 
can damage your liver and lead to 
marital friction and child abuse — 
so no drinks. I should cancel my 

But on no account continue 
working: stress is the biggest killer 
of all and. according to a BMA 
conference earlier this year, will 
make you have a motor car 
accident, drive you to drink or 
both. Who knows, it may induce 
“comfort-eating" and chronic 
dependence on that dangerous 
fizzy lemonade. 

Whatever the scientific consen- 
sus behind such warnings, cer- 
tainly less than often claimed, one 
aspect is unclear. Each interdic- 
tion is pronounced individually 
and thus appears to affect only a 
small part of life. But place them 
together, as for the typical sun- 
ning, eating and drinking holiday, 
and they amount to a substantial 
denunciation of normal life. The 
more extreme Jeremiahs — let us 
call them Healthists — are not 
content with a minor change to a 
diet of moderation. They want a 
’revolution in western eating, 
working and leisure to ensure the 
production and consumption of 
“healthy” goods in “healthy” 
factories and homes within a 
“healthy" environment Health is 
the supreme good. 

But they are silent on one point: 
what sort of life would they have 
us lead? What is the good life 
according to Healthist opinion? 
Despite their efforts to smile 
through mouthfuls of unsaited 
lentils, their food is patently dull 
and it's dull to be with people who 
are eating it Nellie Wallace 
immortalized the absurdities of 
trying to make non-alcoholic 
drinks play the same cultural role 
as proper drink in pubs in her song 
“Let's have a tiddley at the milk 
bar - let's make a night of it 
tonight, let's have a tiddJey at the 
milk bar. we'll paint the town a 
lovely white. You buy half a pint. 
I'll buy half a pint, we'll try to 
drink a pint somehow, so let's 
have a tiddley at the milk bar, and 
drink to the dear old cow.*” 

Drink, smoking, good food and 
sunbathing are enjoyments and 
often socially enjoyable activities. 
What would the Healthists have 
us do instead? What should we 
spend our money on? Indeed, 
what money or jobs would we 
have if entrepreneurs did not ran 
the risk of stress or industries were 

It may be that Healthists don’t 
value hedonism, the social aspects 
of drinking and eating, and pos- 
siblv they would have stopped the 
wealth-creating Industrial Revolu- 
tion in the name of health. But 
what do they value? Then: is * 
nothing, in their propaganda about 
life as service to others or life as 
search for truth and justice. There 
is no religious dimension. Their 
concern is overwhelmingly to 
hang on to this life, to extend it as 
many days and hours as possible. 
But what' for? 

Thcir's is a vision of incredible 
aridity, a life obsessed with avoid- 
ing risk, conceived of quanti- 
tatively in terms of extenL 
Enjoyment, appreciation of fine 
cuisine and wine, the excitement 
and productive tension of what 
they call stress, the danger of 
innovation ... all must yield to 
extending the number of safe, 
jogging, tensionless, sterilized, 
pet-free jears. 

And that may be illusory. When 
they encourage us not to die of 
lung cancer or heart disease, we 
should surely ask what they would 
have us die of. Not only is there 
doubt about whether many health 
campaigns reduce disease, there is 
evidence that when, as with heart 
disease in the Ltaited States, they 
marginally do so, life expectancy 
is not increased. We die of 
something else. Replacement 
causes of death may be worse than 
those current in that they may be 
more painfol. humiliating or 
costly to others. 

Research published in Social 
Science in Medicine suggests that, . 
contrary to the Healthists’ propa- 
ganda, many smokers die rel- 
atively quickly and impose a 
relatively low cost on others via 
the NHS. Were they to survive 
comparatively healthy in nursing 
homes, subsidised by the state at 
£170 a week, the costs would be 
much higher. 

What is crucial is that health 
worship discourages its followers 
from confronting the eternal and 
inevitable questions. Mature phil- 
osophies, religions and individ- 
uals try, with very different 
results, to ask what life is for. what 
the good life is and to confront the 
inevitability of death and its 
implications for life. Healthists ' 
not only evade such issues. They 
replace them with narrowly medi- 
cal obsessions about avoiding 
certain diseases. They talk as if 
death were not inevitable, as if life 
can be rendered safe and riskless, 
as if health were an end. not a 

A concern for health is right, 
proper and makes sense within a 
culture and a moral understanding 
of life. Elevaied to a supreme 
principle, it is idolatrous and 
grotesque. “Have you still got 
those two seats of the flight to 

iuv nan vi juvoaui iiiuuouivj 

even more hamstrung by restric- The author is Director of the Social 

tions in the name of health? Affairs Unit. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A postbag of 


To judge from recent correspon- 
dence about the increasing preda- 
tory behaviour of magpies, you 
would think they were the Colonel 
Gadaffis of the bird world, ter- 
rorizing every other bird within 
miles and killing quite a few. Some 
of the letters we’ve received put a 
different side of the picture . . . 
From Mrs Valery Macassar 

Sir, It may come as a surprise to 
you to know that magpies can be 
very useful in the antiques trade. 
In my antique shop we had a tame 
magpie. As you know, they are 
great little collectors of worthless 
trifles. Whenever a customer came 
to the shop wishing to sell objects, 
we would always show them to 
Oscar (the magpie). Whatever 
Oscar selected, we rejected, as we 
knew he only went for the rubbish. 

Unfortunately he started steal- 
ing from the till. He had to go. I 
believe he is now canvassing for 
the SDP. 

Yours etc. 

regimental dinner, when i’m 
afraid they all used to get ab- 
solutely pie-eyed. They were dis- 
banded in 1945. but in 1948 I 
remember seeing a magpie in Kent 
which distinctly saluted as I 

Yours etc. 

From Roger Thesaurus 

Sir. I wonder how many of your 
readers are aware that a magpie 
called Otto was a Hollywood film 
star for a while. He played the 
Jackdaw of Rheims, Seagulls over 
Sorrento. The Thief of Baghdad, 
etc, but his chief claim to fame was 
as a stunt bird — if you look at any 
early diving eagle or lurking 
vulture, you'll find that all the long 
shots of spectacular stunts are 
done by a magpie. 

Unfortunately, he was rained by 
the advent of coloured films: being 
black and white, he could no 
longer stand in for coloured birds. 

Yours etc. 

From Mrs Lana Lerner 
Sir, I had a shock the other day 
when, in answer to a loud knock at 
the door. 1 opened it and found a 
large magpie sitting there. He 
croaked at me: “Vote for David!” 
and when I regretfully declined, 
saying that my vote was already 
promised for Neil, he flew at me in 
a tremendous rage and started 
pecking me. He would only desist 
when I promised to purchase an 
SDP badge from a large box of 
worthless trivia he had with him. I 
never knew magpies could attack 

Yours etc. 

From Mr Richard Fustian 
Sir. My hobby is starting ex- 
tremely long and useless cor- 
respondences in newspapers, and I 
wondered if there was any chance 
of getting one started here by 
asking: Does anyone know why 
the next to outer ring of a target is 
called a magpie? 

Yours etc) 

From Major-General Nigel Prithee 

Sir, Oh yes. they jolly well can. 
He’s a fine little fighting bird, is 
your Johnny Magpie, as we found 
out to our advantage in the war. 

When we were in Italy we found 
that some of the German compa- 
nies were communicating with 
each other via pigeons, which were 
trained to fly from one position to 
another. No way of gening at 
them, of course, until someone 
had the bright idea of training 
magpies to go for 'em. Worked like 
a dream; when we saw the pigeons, 
off would go the 3 1st Squadron, 
the Magpies, and those black and 
white shapes would cause absolute 
havoc to your Hans Pigeon. 

Finally, they knocked all the 
pigeons out and after that the 
Magpies, into the spirit of things 
by now. started attacking German 
officers. Harder target, of course, 
but they got three or four. What I 
remember best is their annual 

From Henry the Talking Avoeet 

Sir. Hello! Thought you’d like to 
hear from a real bird. Incidentally. 
I'm in a summer spectacular show 
at Ross-on-Wye (ihe place that 
changed its name from T.E. 
Lawrence-on-Wye to avoid pub- 
licity) and hope as many of you as 
possible come along, it's a great 

Just wanted to reminisce for a 
moment about a passionate affair 
J had one summer with a magpie 
called Pandora. What a cracker 
she was. She used to live in a huge 
penthouse nest at the top of an elm 
tree, and croak “Come up to my 
place some time,” to all and 
sundry. She was quite mortified to 
find that Mae West had said it 
first, but of course she didn't have 
the showbiz background that I did. 

We had ideas about marriage 
once, but her parents didn’t like 
me and my parents didn't like me 
either, so that was that She later 
went off with a guillemot and 
moved to the Welsh seaside, 
wnere she started drinking heav- 
ily. Not surprised, cither; have you 
seen the Welsh seaside? 

(This correspondence is closed 
Jor major alterations.) 

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The Government will decide 
this week whether to dispatch - 
Sir Geoffrey Howe to South 
Africa. If he goes, he will be 
embarking on a peacemaking 
mission to a country whose 
people now .seem to be bent 
upon war. 2t is important that 
Ministers should decide in the 


.It is equally important that 
he should go for the right 
reasons. It would be regret- 
table if his intervention were 
seen as no more than a 
delaying tactic to ease the 
Government past the next 
pressure point on sanctions. 
This newspaper has clarified 
its own opposition to sanc- 
tions — and to most other so- 
called “measures”, including 
ihe severance of air links, 
which are sometimes prof- 
erred as a soft option. It is that 
sanctions will probably prove 
to be ineffective but, if they 
should curb trade and invest- 
ment, that would paradoxi- 
cally help to establish the 
political and economic con- 
ditions for a policy of blunt 
resistance to world opinion. 

But there has long been an 
argument that Britain should 
play a more positive dip- 
lomatic role than that which it 
has so far sought And san<> 
tions are not the only form that 
intervention in South African 
affairs can take, merely the 

As the old imperial over- 
lord, as one of its biggest 
trading partners, as the leader 
of the Commonwealth with 
strong African connections 
and as Washington's closest 
ally, there are historic, 
commercial and political rea- 
sons why this country is best 
placed to talk to South Africa. 
To these, Britain's forthcom- 
ing presidency of the European 
Council adds a subtle 
combination of lustre and 

Until now the 

Government's power to play a 
constructive pint in the South 
African story has been cur- 
tailed by its refusal to talk to 
the African National Congress 
(ANC). As the value of any 
intermediary must depend 
upon its ability to talk to both 
sides — especially when, as in 
this case, the two sides do not 
talk to each other — 
Whitehall's non-approach has 
always been a fundamental 

In theory (and in most 
circumstances) the Govern- 
ment's demand that the ANC 
should renounce violence has 
been unimpeachable. But the 
situation in South Africa is 
rapidly passing beyond the 
point at which such consid- 
erations seem relevant. 

. The first recognition of this 
came last February when a 
senior Foreigh Office diplomat 
met ANC officials at Lusaka 
during the conference of front- 
line states. Now Whitehall has 
gone one step further by 
issuing the invitation for Mr 
Oliver Tam bo, the ANC lead- 
er, to meet Mrs. Lynda 
Chalk er. Minister of State at 
the FCO, during his visit to 

This decision deserves a 
cautious welcome — as does 
the decision by a number of 
Conservative MPs that be 
should meet them too. To talk 
to Mr Tambo does not imply 
approval of all that be stands 
for. It does admittedly accord 
to him. a degree of respectabil- 
ity that he might otherwise 
lack and which, in other 
-circumstances, might be 
traded for his renunciation of 
violence. But the degree of 
conflict in South Africa makes 
such considerations second- 

The message which the 
Government wants to convey 
to Mr Tambo will indude an 
appeal for South Africa’s black 
majority to torn their backs on 
violence. Some observers now 

question whether the ANC can 
any more control the situation 
in the Cape's black townships 
and would argue, therefore 
that Britain is already talking 
to yesterday’s man? But in the 
absence of anyone else, it is the 
ANC whom the British gov- 
ernment must turn to. 

At the very least, a meeting 
of this kind would be an 
important symbolic act as 
Britain seeks Commonwealth 
approval for its mission. How 
far Sir Geoffrey would gain by 
being plugged in to all the 
conflicting voices m the 
Commonwealth and on the 
continent is a matter for 
considerable argument. There 
is at least something to be said 
for letting him get on with it is 
his own quiet, understated 

Meanwhile his “Shadow", 
in the all-too-solid shape of Mr 
Denis Healey, left for Pretoria 
last night. It is understandable 
that the Shadow Foreign Sec- 
retary and his deputy should 
want to conduct a fact-finding 
exercise of this kind, especially 
when the facts are so elusive. 
Mr Healey is a skilled and 
experienced politician of stat- 
ure and he could have some- 
thing valuable to contribute. 

On the other hand, he may 
not He and Mr Neil Kinnock 
have shown themselves all too 
wilting to export party politics 
abroad on recent missions to 
Moscow and (in Mr Kinnock’s 
case) to India. And Mr 
Healey's speech in last week's 
debate subordinated any seri- 
ous analysis of the problems of 
Southern Africa and their 
posssible solution to mounting 
a partisan attack on the Prime 
Minister. This time he can 
hardly afford to indulge in that 
kind of political exploitation 
without queering the pitch for 
everyone and, ultimately, 
damaging the interests ofblack 
South Africans whose welfare 
he professedly seeks to ad- 


For a profession which used to 
measure change in decades 
and regarded dawdling as the 
ultimate expression of high 
speed, lawyers are frenetically 
trying to make up for years of 
complacent apathy. Scarcely a 
week passes without a new 
report or proposal emanating 
from, or aimed at, the Law 
Society or the Bar. Discussion 
about the future of the legal 
profession is constant; litiga- 
tion, is undertaken for higher 
legal aid fees or more rights of 
audience in the courts; 
management consultants can- 
not believe their good fortune 
at being consulted, virtually in 
perpetuity, about the ef- 
ficiency of this or that proce- 
dure or structure within the 
profession; and barristers 
forego weekends in the coun- 
try to attend special meetings 
to discuss latest developments. 

Of the two branches, the Bar 
is the more vulnerable. Its 
costs, curious traditions, and 
working practices are coming 
under increasingly critical 
scrutiny. At the same time a 
significant proportion of its 
members, those who are 
dependent mainly on legal aid 

work, are finding it difficult to 
earn a modest living, let alone 
attract the kind of rat incomes 
that the public traditionally 
attributes to barristers. The 
Bar is under siege, too, from 
within the profession. Solic- 
itors, anxious to compensate 
for the loss of their conveyanc- 
ing monopoly, are looking to 
grab some of the Bar's tra- 
ditional work, not least its 
near-monopoly of the right to 
plead in the higher courts. 

The changes to the constitu- 
tion of the banisters’ govern- 
ing institutions, adopted over 
the weekend, are part of the 
Bar's plans to reform its own 
structures the better to be able 
to repulse outside attacks and 
effectively , to promote the 
interests of its own members. 
One governing body would be 
substituted for the uneasy 
power-sharing duality that 
now exists. Senior judges and 
the Inns of Court would lose 
their anomalous influence 
over the running of the Bar. 
The newly-elected Bar Council 
would unashamedly take on a 
trade union role, negotiating 
fees that come from public 
funds on behalf of its members 

and if necessary entering the 
political arena to lobby on 
behalf of barristers’ interests. 

There is no doubt that the 
new arrangements, which 
would come into force next 
year, would greatly facilitate 
the efficient administration of 
the profession. They will cer- 
tainly be in the interests of its 
members who have suffered 
for too long from having a 
governing body that was both 
cumbersome in taking and 
implementing decisions and 
ineffectual at presenting the 
Bar’s case to the outside world. 

But will they also be in the 
public interest? The new struc- 
ture is partly intended to 
ensure that the Bar should be 
more able to fight its corner 
against those who might wish 
to tamper with the existing 
division between banisters 
and solicitors. It is a fight the 
Bar ought not to win com- 
pletely. Some re-drawing of 
the dividing tine is needed to 
remove unnecessary duplica- 
tion and to ensure that the 
specialist branch of a two-tier 
profession is genuinely expert 
at its professed speciality. 


The elevation of the Soviet 
Union's lamentably 
misqualified culture minister 
to the ceremonial post of 
USSR Vice-President, last 
week is of significance only in 
that it opens the way for a 
more enlightened admin- 
istrator of the arts in the Soviet 
Union. That at least is the* 
hope. Whether it is anything 
more than wishful thinking 
may emerge from the congress 
of the Soviet Writers' Union 
which begins today 

The hope was given some 
substance at the weekend 
when the Soviet leader took 
the unusual step of addressing 
leading writers in advance of 
the congress. Calling for more 
innovative thinking, he 
acknowledged an implicit 
break with the past noting the 
new role writers had replay in 
the “moral restructuring” of 
the country. 

Unfortunately, any op- 
timism such words might have 
inspired was simultaneously 
tempered by the actions of the 
Soviet courts. In Leningrad a 
collector of modern art was 1 
sent to a labour camp for 
selling paintings illegally - a 
crime which reflects the 
continued scarcity value and 
political sensitivity of abstract 
art. And In the ■ southern 
republic of Georgia, two mem- 
bers of a pop group were given 
long prison sentences for hu- 
man rights activities. 

There have* nonetheless, . 
been signs of ferment in' the . 

Soviet arts recently. A 
commission has just been set 
up to re-examine all the films 
rejected by the censor over the 
past 20 years. The plays on 
offer in Moscow’s • theatres 
have become a little more 
adventurous, and members of 
the Politburo have made a 
habit of going to see them. 

Yevgeni Yevtushenko, the 
country’s part-tamed, part- 
rebel poet, has made — and 
been officially reported as 
making-— outspoken remarks 
about artistic distortions of the 
Soviet past Respected, but 
latterly silent members of the 
Soviet intelligentsia have 
started to lend their signatures 
to official cultural campaigns 
again. A new pride is being 
encouraged in the .Russian 
past; and the Soviet press has 
begun; tentatively^ to mention 
the unmentionable; the dam- 
age done to the Russian cul- 
tural heritage in the early and 
not so early years of Soviet 

As yet it is unclear whether 
these developments are really ' 
indicative of a new latitude on 
the part of the authorities or 
whether they merely reflect 
hopeful lobbying on the part of 
different artistic groups at a 
time of official indecision. The 
removal of the culture min- 
ister — whose sole qualifica- 
tions for guiding artists along 
-the byways of the ideologically 
permissible was . a. d^ree is 
chemical ongirieering and. an 
(almost) impeccable Com- 

munist Party record — suggests 
some involvement from the 

More than anything, how- 
ever, it suggests a measure of 
despair. The combined effect 
of Messrs Demichev, Brezh- 
nev and Chernenko at the 
cultural helm for so many 
years has had a stultifying 
effect on Soviet artists in every 
field. Many of the most tal- 
ented and innovative (the film 
director Tarkovsky, the the- 
atre director Lyubimov, the 
writer Voinovich, to name but 
a few) have been driven to seek 
artistic stimulus in emigra- 
tion, often at great personal 

Recently, the treatment of 
Andrei Gavrilov, a young and 
gifted pianist who has been 
permitted to spend long peri- 
ods abroad without being de- 
prived of his citizenship (itself 
a departure), suggests both the 
level of official concern about 
the drain of young talent and 
the seeds of a compromise. 

For musicians and dancers, 
even for some film and theatre 
producers, such a compromise 
might work. But for writers 
and painters whose work is — 
by virtue of Soviet censorship 

intrinsically political, such a 
compromise brings scant 
benefit. If they are to. flourish, 
a change of official attitudes is 
required — and one more 
radical than anything likely to 
be countenanced at this week's 
congress of writers. 


One point unresolved on Polaris 

From the Chairman and Vice- 
Chairman cf Social Democrats for 
Defence and Disarmament 
Sir, We write as members of the 
committee which drafted the 
SDP's defence and disarmament 
policy. In view of recent conflict- 
ing reports, we would like to state 
categorically that Dr David Owen 
has precisely and correctly repre- 
sented SDP policy on Polaris and 
the need to replace it. 

There should be no doubt of the 
intentions of the drafting commit- 
tee and of the Council for Social 
Democracy, which firmly adopted 
oar report at Torquay last year. 
We are committed to retaining 
Britain's nuclear deterrent, and 
that requires us to prepare now for 
the ultimate replacement of our 
obsolescent Polaris force. We 
could only halt such preparations, 
as we said in our report, if 
disarmament negotiations 
progress dramatically to a success- 
mi conclusion before our prepara- 
tions were completed. In the 
absence of such progress, we said, 
replacement of Polaris would of 
necessity proceed; 

The only question we left 
unresolved was tbe details of the 
system which should replace Po- 
laris. Our discussions continue on 
this point. We are opposed to 
Trident, as are our Liberal allies, 
hut we recognise that the Govern- 
ment may have acquired a signifi- 
cant amount of expensive Trident 
hardware by the time of the 
general election. 

Committed as we are to retain- 
ing a minimum nuclear deterrent, 
it would be irresponsible of us to 
settle inflexibly on one replace- 
ment system until we can see 

precisely what adaptations can be 
made to the equipment acquired 
at great cost by the outgoing 

For example, if the present 
Government produced a Trident 
submarine before losing office to 
us, we would wish to adapt it for 
use with a system in line with our 
requirements — perhaps of a sea- 
launched cruise variety — rather 
than continue the Trident pro- 
gramme or write off billions of 

Dr Owen is familiar, to say the 
least, with our deliberations. He 
was represented at all our meet- 
ings. As Chairman of the SDP*s 
policy committee, to which we 
reported, and as leader of the SDP 
he is ultimately responsible for 
presenting the party's policy. 
Other leading figures in the party 
may express their opinions, but it 
is quite wrong for them to present 
themselves as custodians of SDP 
policy. Thai rote is duly Dr 
Owen’s and, on this issue, he had 
carried it out clearly and correctly. 
We do not doubt he will continue 
to receive the support of nearly all 
SDP members. 

We hope we shall be able to 
convince the majority of our 
Liberal colleagues to share our 
policy objectives. Many already 

Yours faithfully. 


DOUGLAS EDEN, Vice-Chair- 

Social Democrats for Defence and 

1 1 Serpentine Road, 

Sevenoaks, Kent. 

June 17. 

Part-time education 

From the Secretary of the National 
Advisory Body for Public Sector 
Higher Education 
Sir*. Dr Buriin (Rector of the 
Polytechnic of Central London) 
alleges (June 13) that despite our 
“rhetoric" (his word) about the 
importance of pan-time higher 
education, we are failing property 
to fund it; and he refers in 
particular to part-time evening 
degree courses. A detailed analysis 
of the problem would take too 
much of your space, so may I 
content myself with a few brief 
points in reply? 

First, and this really is quite 
fundamental, we do not advise on 
the allocation of funds to courses, 
but on their allocation to institu- 
tions as a whole. 

Second, in building np those 
allocations on the basis of a 
national model we do use the 
figure of 20 per cent which Dr 
Burtin criticises. 

Third, despite his assertion, 
there is no reliable evidence on a 
national basis that an evening 
degree course student costs 60 per 
cent of a full-timer. 

Fourth, there is, however, reli- 
able evidence that not all evening 
only courses of higher education 
cost even roughly foe same. 

Fifth, for this and other reasons 
we set up a sub-committee to look 
at foe problem and to identify a 
solution; it was chaired by one of 
Dr Buiiin’s fellow polytechnic 
directors. That sub-committee 
recommended that - although foe 
evidence for differing costs was 
dear — there was no readily 
identifiable overall national fund- 
ing model that would solve foe 
problem equitably without exces- 
sive and unjustified complexity. 

Sixth, we have continued to 
remind institutions that their 
financial allocations are to be seen 
as a whole f*block grant’’); no 
national funding model even if it 
were to deal differently with part- 
lime work, could possibly rep- 
licate foe circumstances of, or be 

appropriate for resource distribu- 
tion within, a single college. 

And finally, seventh, we are 
satisfied that we are undervaluing 
part-time work generally in our 
allocation methodology. To re- 
value it within foe present re- 
source constraints would 
necessitate “under-funding" full- 
time work — and our current 
proposals envisage a cut in full- 
time places nearly twice that 
identified in part-time work. 

We need more money for public 
sector higher education, both gen- 
erally and to revalue part-time 
work. This is not the first year in 
which we have asked foe Secretary 
of State for more resources for foe 
latter puprose: be is not yet 
convinced that there is a need. 
Yours faithfully, 

JOHN S. BEVAN, Secretary. 
National Advisory Body for Pub- 
lic Sector Higher Education, 
Metropolis House, 

22 Percy Street, Wl. 

June 17. 

Student loans 

From Mr H. G. Homey 
Sir. In 1934, having won a state 
scholarship, 1 approached Shef- 
field Education Committee, ask- 
ing for a grant of foe balance 
needed to study at Cambridge- My 
widowed mother declared her 
annual income at £169. We were 
declared too rich for a grant. 

When I refused to make my 
mother destitute, the committee 
granted me half foe sum and lent 
me the other half. 

The loan was interest-free and 
repayable at not less than £2 per 
month, commencing six months 
after I secured permanent employ- 
ment (if 1 did). 

I though it cheap at the price. I 
still do. It took almost six years to 
repay the loan. 1 would have paid 
£2 per month for the rest of my life 
for foe privilege. 

Yours sincerely, 


57 Grove Park. 

Knutsford, Cheshire. 

S Africa Press ban 

From Sir Peter Vanneck, MEPJbr 
Cleveland and Yorkshire North 
(European Democrat ( Conser- 
vative. j) 

Sir, How wise foe South African 
Government is to tan foe journal- 
ists at a peak emotional moment— 
and just look at foe emotional 
reactions. Regardless of foe debate 
as to whether television portrayal 
of violence encourages it by 
imitation in tbe United Kingdom, 
I personally believe that, when 
known, television coverage of an 

event exaggerates the good, or bad 
behaviour of those televised. 

A scout troop will foe more 
likely march in step: a picket will 
shout and demonstrate more 
vociferously — playing to foe 
gallery is foe most human of our 
many failings. That South Africa 
wishes to curtail these opportu- 
nities just now is plain common- 

Yours etc, 


P.O. Box 560, 

London SW7 5LX. 

June 18. 

Falkland mines 

From Dr A. W. Rudge 
Sir. Following publication of your 
article. “Falkland minefield clean- 
up abandoned", by Rodney 
Cowton, on June 12, I write to 
clarify a number of points. 

Firstly, foe technical perfor- 
mance of foe pulsed or ground- 
probing radar has far exceeded foe 
original technical goals. Reliable 
detection of all types of mines 
found in the Falkland Islands has 
been demonstrated in a wide 
variety of field conditions. The 
full design data required to build 
operational mine-detection sys- 
tems has been generated, but no 
units built. The cost is significant 
because of foe need for 100 per 
cent safety, but any Falkland 

Island mine-detection clearance 
scheme would be expensive. 

From several points of view the 
abandonment of the project is 
disappointing. Its thrust has given 
foe (JK a world lead in this very 
new technology. We will attempt 
to maintain that lead over strong 
Japanese competition, through foe 
many other applications where the 
ability to ""see" a buried or hidden 
object is important. 

We now have the technology to 
detect the plastic mines; it is 
unfortunate that it is not to be 

Yours faithfully. 

Managing Director. 

ERA Technology Ltd, 

Cieeve Road. 

Lealherhead. Surrey. 

Decline of state 
school cricket 

From Mr David Green 
Sir. While our television screens 
present us with a surfeit of 
international sport, perhaps it is 
appropriate to consider the state 
ofsome of our traditional sports at 
school level 

I recently helped to prepare a 
report on foe state of school 
cricket in Middlesex which, I feel, 
has implications for this game at 
all levels. 

Only eight secondary schools 
affiliated to our schools associ- 
ation play regular inter-school 
afternoon and weekend cricket 
and at primary school level only 
two boroughs have entered our 
inter-borough competition. Many 
of our excellent club colts sections 
are struggling to cope wifo foe 
numbers of boys wishing to play 
and desperately need more 
coaches and helpers. 

However, in the inner-London 
boroughs there are so few colts 
sections that many boys have no 
opportunity to play at alL Repre- 
sentative sides are now selected 
from fewer and fewer schools, 
usually in foe private sector, and 
gifted players in state schools, 
cannot develop their potential 
Indeed, the current England 
captain’s introduction to cricket 
was dependent upon a keen 
schoolmaster, who encouraged 
him until he joined foe colts 
section at Brondesbury club. 

This decline of state school 
cricket has several causes: cricket 
requires expensive equipment and 
expertly maintained facilities at a 
time of financial stringency in 
schools; fewer and fewer schools 
have foe staff able to devote foe 
time to run matches and recent 
industrial action has resulted in 
schoolmaster and their pupils 
finding other ways of spending 
their free lime; and political 
pressure against sports that are 
competitive, only encourage boys 
and are elitist in forcing head- 
masters and physical education 
staff to abandon inter-school 

Such a weakening of grassroots 
youth cricket — ana the situation 
is no better for soccer or rugby 
football - must eventually have 
consequences for our senior club, 
county and even national sides. If 
we are to maintain interest and 
standards in traditional sports 
such as cricket, we must confront 
foe alarming implications of foe 
current situation. 

Yours faithfully, 

DAVID GREEN (Chairman, 
Cricket Committee, Middlesex 
Colts Association). 

1 7 Stanley Road, 

. North wood, Middlesex. 

A common lot 

From the Reverend John Simpson 
Sir, The parish of Curry Rivel has 
a name problem. The rector, 
curate, lay reader and both 
churchwardens are called John. It 
was suggested that they could be 
named John foe Aposde, John foe 
Elder, John the Presbyter, John 
foe Evangelist and John foe 
Divine. The advice of foe retired 
priest was sought — another John. 

It was thought that, on such a 
delicate theological point, an ap- 
peal might have to be made to 
higher authority. This could com- 
plicate the issue. The Bishop is 
also called John. 

A thoroughly confused 

The Vicarage, 

Curry Rivel, 

Nr Langport, Somerset. 

Threat to Lewes 

From Mr Robert Davenport 
Sir. Professor Bell’s letter in 
today’s Times (June 9) highlights 
the problems caused when tbe 
heavy band of a county council 
fumbles with local issues. Passing 
below Lewes on the south side it is 
possible to appreciate foe far- 
reaching spread of foe South 
Downs and a fine view of this 
historic town. 

The only flaw in the timeless 
profile of old bouses clustered 
around foe castle is foe lurking 
concrete and glass bulk of foe East 
Sussex County Council offices. 
Yours faithfully. 


3 Church lane Cottages, 

Ripe, Lewes, East Sussex. 

Not on ail fours 

From Mr P. J. Clark 
Sir, The Government may like to 
heed its own advice regarding the 
paying of small companies 
promptly. I have, this morning, 
received the final payment for 
prescriptions which were dis- 
pensed during the month of 
March. Part of the payment for foe 
cost of drugs was withheld because 
of discounts that l received from 
my wholesalers. I earned these 
discounts by settling my account 
within 30 days! 

Yours faithfully. 


Managing Director. 

G. F. Bevis & Co- 
The Eastgate Pharmacy, 

15 Eastgate Square. West Sussex. 
June 20. 

Prison discipline 

From Lord Donaldson of 


SiT, Your Home Affairs 
Correspondent suggests (June 10) 
foat opposition from prison 
boards or visitors “is threatening 
to undermine plans ... for a fun- 
damental change in the way 
inmates are disciplined". I very 
much hope it is not allowed to do 

Both the Jellicoe committee in 
the seventies and the Prior 
committee last year have come 
out unanimously in favour of 
removing the prison boards of 
visitors' powers of adjudication so 
that they can carry out most 
thoroughly their duties of protect- 

ing the rights of prisoners under 
their care and their right of direct 
access to the Home Secretary if 

Since the publication of foe 
Prior report we have seen the 
emergence of a strong and growing 
consensus in favour of a new 
independent disciplinary tribunal 
to replace adjudications by boards 
of visitors. This consensus now 
includes the representative 
organisations of prison governors, 
pnson officers and magistrates, as 
well as reform groups. 

The Parliamentary All-Party 
Penal Affairs Group is felly 
persuaded of foe case. We con- 
sider that boards of visitors’ 
adjudicatory functions reduce 

prisoners' confidence in boards as 
a channel for their grievances and 
that only a conspicuously in- 
dependent body of a judicial 
nature should be empowered to 
deprive prisoners of substantial 
amounts of remission. 

People do not like their func- 
tions to be reduced, but in this 
case the boards wilt gain greater 
strength in canying out their 
remaining, and, indeed, more 
important functions — through 
foeir clearly seen separation from 
the disciplinary duties of a tri- 

Yours etc, 


House of Lords. 

June 13. 

JUNE 24 1307 

The first theatrical notices to 
criticise productions in contrast to 
the practice of publishing “puffs* 
uvre in the News (2805) for which 
Leigh Hunt wrote candid reviews. 
The Times soon followed suit 
engaging Barron Fields as 

dramatic critic. A mane the 
recipient of the scathing 
comments below uics Charles 
Lamb, whose devotees will 
remember that when Mr. H was 
hissed, he was so afraid of being 
known os the author that he 
joined the audience in its 


Review of the Past Season. 

A retrospect of the drama, of the 
Past Season is not attended with 
tbe greetest delight . . . Of new 
plays we have had enough, but of 
good ones very few. The time was 
when the dramatic muse held an 
even mirror np to nature: but now, 
if she holds up any mirror at all, it 
is composed of a concave lens, that 
presents us with either a heteroge- 
neous blank, or a hideous distor- 
tion of feature. Tbe consequence of 
this is, that the managers axe 
obliged to have recourse to fre- 
quent revivals, and are content, 
fell, to see what SHAKSPEARE or 
MURPHY can do; not, however, 
that Mr. KEMBLE'S revivals of 
SHAKSPEARE are inelegant and 
injudicious, or that the Drurv Lane 
performances of MURPHY’S com- 
edies are unanimated and 
undetightfuh but that the town 
ought not to be compelled “to see 
what they have seen,” and that an 
age, for whom so much has been 
done by its predecessors, ought to 
be compelled to do something for 
itB successors. 

The best production of the 
season is undoubtedly Mr. 
TOBIN’S drama, or rather poem 
(for it is from its descriptions, 
rather than its dialogue, that it is 
celebrated) of the Curfew. But foe 
very excellencies which have in- 
creased the delicts of a perusal of 
thi* play, have diminished those of 
its performance: we read good 
poetry at home; at the theatre we 
expect to see good characters; . . . 

Tbe next Piece in the order of 
merit, is Mr. LEWIS'S Adelgitha, a 
tragedy which we regret was not 
brought forward earlier in the 
season, and under other circum- 
stances, than for the benefit of a 
performer. It is no great compli- 
ment to the taste of a Manager, to 
say that Mr. LEWIS'S melodrama 
was accepted by the theatre, and 
his tragedy by an individual We 
have so recently been able, from 
the previous publication of 
Adelgitha, to express a more 
digested opinion of its- merits than 
is generally compatible with the 
time allowed for our criticisms, 
that we are now compelled to turn 
to that muse, which is in general 
the more attractive ; but to which, 
painted from tbe drama of tbe 
nineteenth century, he would not 
have made GARRICK turn with 
quite so fascinated an eye. 

The day is certainly over when a 
prologue of Dr. JOHNSON'S used 
to usher in a comedy of 
GOLDSMITH’S, which was to be 
followed by a Farce of 
GARRICK's. Managers' doors 
seem shut to almost every comic 
writer but MORTON, REYN- 
the last of whom, as by for the 
greatest genius, has the range of 
both Theatres. Neither Mr. 
however, have this year indulged us 
with their usual comedy and opera; 
the former having found his level in 
a wretched farce and a worse 
melodrama, and the latter having 
descended to a pantomime. Of 
these productions, the very names 
are not worth recording, those of: 
tbe first and second being utterly 
forgotten, and that of the third too 
well remembered. But of Mr. 
MORTON'S comedy, as the only 
successful one of the year, we shall 
say a few words. Town and 
Country is to be praised only from 
a little felicity of incident; its 
language is laboured and puerile, 
its character shadowy, its humour 
slender, and its wit a nonentity. Its 
loud interdiction of fashionable 
vices, and its general good tenden- 
cy, are certainly some eulogy on its 
author . . . Drury -lane Theatre 
has been particularly unfortunate, 
or rather injudicious, in its choice 
of comedies for the last season. No 
less than three have received the 
town's just condemnation: Mr. 
HOLCROFTs Vindictive Man, 
Miss LEE’s Assignation, and Mr. 
CHERRY’S Day in London. The 
fust of these is a land of sequel to 
the same author's Road to Ruin, a 
play which is kept alive at the other 
house solely by the vivacity of Mr. 
LEWIS, whose character of Gold- 
finch was, in the Vindictive Man, 
transferred to Mr. DECAMP and 
(tied accordingly. So deplorably 
indeed do most of a modern 
author's comedies hang upon the 
looks of some actor, that the 
former may now-a-days say to the 
latter, what a modest poet said to 
his mistress of nothing more than 
“the world". 

"My play depend upon jour eye, 
“And, when you frown upon it, die - 


From Dr \V. J , Reilly 
Sir. My old friend. Dr Black, from 
Cheshire (June 16) may be in- 
terested to hear of one GP who, 
when a particularly troublesome 
patient moves away, always writes 
Caveat empior in large letters on 
their medical record envelope 
before forwarding it to foe family 
doctor who has unwittingly taken 
them on his list; and of another 
who, in similar circumstances, 
invariably makes a last entry in 
their notes thus, Hamlet, act 1, 
scene 1. line 7, Francisco to 
Bernardo [“For this relief, much 

Yours faithfully, 


Breffhi House, 


Telford. Shropshire. 

June 17. 








June 23: The Queen held a 
Council at 3 pm. 

There were present; the Vis- 
count Whitelaw (Lord Presi- 
dent), the Lord Belstead 
(Minister of State. Ministry of 
Agriculture. Fisheries and 
Food), the Right Hon Tom 
King. MP (Secretary of State for 
Northern Irealnd) and the Right 
Hon Norman Tebbit, MP 
(Chancellor of the Duchy of 

Mr Norman Lament. MP 
(Financial Secretary to the Trea- 
sury) and the Hon Sir John 
Latcy were sworn in as Mem- 
bers of Her Majesty’s Most 
Honourable Privy Council. 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was in 
attendance as Clerk of the 

The Viscount Whitelaw had 
an audience of The Queen 
before the Council. 

His Excellency Mr Shridath 
Ramphal (Commonwealth Sec- 
retary-General) had the honour 
of being received by Her Maj- 
esty this evening. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh held a Reception at 
Buckingham Palace this evening 
for delegates attending the Sixth 
Quinquennial Commonwealth 
Conference of the Royal Life 
Saving Society. 

Prince Michael of Kent was 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of the Royal Mint 

Advisory Committee, this after- 
noon opened the Royal Mint’s 
I lih century Exhibition at 
Goldsmiths' HalL London EC1 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 

His Royal Highness. Patron 
and Trustee of The Duke of 
Edinburgh’s Award, this eve- 
ning hosted a dinner to mark the 
first meeting of the Advisory 
Council of the International 
Award Forum, at the Carlton 
Club. St James’s Street. SW 1 . 

The Prince Edward was 

Mr Brian McGrath and Wing 
Commander Adam Wise were 
in attendance. 

The Prince Edward. Chair- 
man of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award 30th 
Anniversary Tribute Project 
this evening attended a Wine 
Tasting, in aid of the Project at 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. . 

The Queen was represented 
by Sir Peter Miles (Keeper of the 
Privy Purse) at the Memorial 
Service for Sir John Higgs 
(Treasurer to The Prince and 
Princess of Wales and Secretary 
and Keeper of the Records, 
Duchy of Cornwall) which was 
held in The Queen's Chapel, St 
James’s Palace this morning. 

The Queen was represented 
by the Earl of Wemyss and 
March at the Memorial Service 
for the Earl of Haddington 
which was held in St GQes' 
Cathedral Edinburgh today. 

June 23: Queen Elizabeth The 

Queen Mother was represented 
by the Earl of Dalhousie at the 
Memorial Service for the Earl of 
Haddington which was held in 
St Giles* Cathedral, Edinburgh, 

June 23: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales attended the 
Memorial Service for Sir John 
Higgs (Treasurer to Their Royal 
Highnesses and Secretary and 
Keeper of the Records, Duchy 
of Cornwall) which was held in 
The Queen's Chapel St James's 
Palace this morning. 

June 23: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester, was represented 
by Dame Jean Maxweil-Scott at 
the Memorial Service for the 
Earl of Haddington which was 
held in St Giles' Cathedral 
Edinburgh today. 


June 23: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the All England 
Lawn Tennis Club, accompa- 
nied by The Duchess of Kent, 
today attended the opening day 
of the Wimbledon 

Sir Richard Buckley and Mrs 
Alan Henderson were in 

The Princess of Wales is to be 
Patron of the British Sports 
Association for the Disabled. 

A memorial service for Lady 
Renton will be held in the Crypt 
Chapel of the Palace of West- 
minster at noon today. 


International Award Forum 
The Duke of Edinburgh. Chair- 
man of the International Award 
Forum, was host at a dinner 
held yesterday at the Carlton 
Club to mark the first meeting of 
the international Advisory 
Council. The other speakers 
were Sir Bernard Scott, Trustee 
of the Duke of Edinburgh's 
Award, and Sir Eric Neal, 
National Co-ordinator of the 
Duke of Edinburgh's Award in 

Prince Edward. Chairman of 
the Duke of Edinburgh’s Award 
thirtieth Anniversary Tribute 
Project, attended and others 
present included Viscount 
Whitelaw, CH, (Chairman of 
the Carlton Cub), International 
Advisory Council members 
from the United Kingdom, 
Australia, Canada. Hong Kong, 
Malta, Mauritius and Kenya 
and supporters and benefactors 
of the international fund. 

Association of British Insurers 
Mr Paul Citannon. Secretary of 
Slate for Trade and Industry, 
proposed the toast of the Associ- 
ation of British Insurers at its 
first Anniversary Dinner at the 
Dorchester hotel last night. Mr 
F.B. Corby, chairman, re- 
sponded and a reply on behalfof 
the guests was made by the Earl 
of Limerick. Among the guests 

Sir Robert Armstrong. Sir Kenneth 

f . Lord Board man. Mr Peier 
iley. MP. Earl Cathcart. Sir 
Hayes. Lord Lucas or 
>rth. Mr John Mai or. MP. Mrs 
Malllraon. Mr D.W. Nlckson. 
Baroness Platt of Wrune and Mr CUes 
Shaw. MP. 

Reform Club 

Mr Douglas Liambias was in the 

chair at a dinner given by the 
Economics Group of the Re- 
form Cub held at 104 Pal 1 Mall 
yesterday. Mr Norman Willis, 
General Secretary of the TUC. 
was the speaker. 

St Leonard's School, St 

Mr Barry Henderson, MP. was 
host at a reception given by the 
London Seniors of St Leonard’s 
School. St Andrews, at the 
House of Commons on Friday 
evening. Miss Martha Hamil- 
ton. headmistress, was among 
those present. 


National Association for Ma- 
ternal and Child Welfare 
The Duchess of Kent attended a T .ft it n ri Piers’ 
reception given by the National 
Association for Maternal and LOHipany 
Child Welfare last night at 
Guildhall and presented the 
NACW award of the year to 
Mother Frances Dominica, of 
Helen House. Oxford. Lady 
Glenconner, president of the 
association, received the guests. 

HM Government 
Mr J. Allan Stewart. Minister 
for Industry and Education at 
the Scottish Office, was host at a 
reception held yesterday in 
Edinburgh Castle for the 
announcement of the Scottish 
team for the Commonwealth 
Games to be held in Scotland 
later this year. 

Lord Inglewood 

Lord Inglewood. Vice-President 
of the Anglo-German Associ- 
ation. received the guests at the 
annual summer reception hek! 
last night at the House of Lords. 

The Ambassador of the Federal 
Republic of Germany was 
among those present 

Royal Society of Medteue 
Sir John Walton, President of 
the Royal Society of Medicine, 
and Lady Walton received the 
guests at a reception held at 1 
W impale Street last night after 
Sir Richard Doll delivered the 
Stevens Lecture. 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Launderers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 
Master Mr Derek L Hirst: 
Deputy Master Mr Roy Le 
Poidevin: Senior Warden: Mr 
William H. Davidson; Renter 
Warden: Mr John C.H. Baker. 

Officers win 

The Oxford Bridge 
Association's annual congress 
held at the Oxford Town Hall on 
Sunday resulted in a win for the 
unaccustomed partnership of 
Keith Stanley and Peter Briggs, 
the English Bridge Union c h ai r - 
man and secretary. 

Tt^Oxford Times Challenge Cup: 1. 
K E Stanley rworcs). P C Briggs 
fOxon) 64 per cent 2. T Henderson 
IGJOSI. P Hammond fWoroi 62 per 
cent 5. Mm E pendiarr iMkkW. Mrs 

J Casey iSomi 60 per cent 

Championship learns; 1. R R Barren. 
K M West (Berks and Bucks). L 
Haynes iSomi. 1 O SoenoHy (Oxen) 
106 . 2. Mm A Owen. Mrs P MUtej. 
Mrs P Alder. Mrs L Beckett lOxoiu 65. 

Inner Temple 

Major scholarships worth 
£8.000 each, payable over two 
years after Call to the Bar, have 
been awarded to the following: 

Sue Carr, or Trtnlty College. Can»- 
bridgr: S C W Kenny, of Worcester 
College. Oxford: M J D Maher, of 
Sidney Sussex College. Cambridge; A 
Ovebanli. of Birmingham university. 


£5.7m to support digs 

By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

The Government has allocated £5.7 million for 
rescue archaeology In England in the 1986- 
1987 financial year. Including almost £4 
million which will aid nearly 300 separate 
projects on sites .ranging in age from a quarter 
of a million years old down to the Industrial 

Lord Montagu of Beaulieu Chairman of 
English Heritage, said that more than 200 of 
the projects are completed excavations, where 
the fowls will support pom-excavation study 
and preparation for publication. A further 26 
are “sites and moo aments records", forming 
local or regional data banks. 

Excavations this year account for only 32 of 
the 292 projects, although £459,000 is being 
held in reserve to.deai with unexpected threats 
to important sites. The excavations already 
planned are on sites affected by development 
road banding, quarrying and farming 

One of the largest grants, £156,000, goes to 
Northamptonshire County Council for the 
Raunds Area Project, a regional study of the 
human utilization ofa 30 square mile area from 

the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages, which has 
already been in progress for several years. The 
York Archaeological Trust receives; more 
£275,000 for post-excavation work. 

Two important ' waterlogged sites m the 
Cambridgeshire fens, at Etton and Flag Fen 
{The Tima, June 28, 1985) get £45,000 with a 
further £17,000 for post-excavation work on 
material from previous seasons, while £11,000 
is evenly divided between excavation and post- 
excavation work on sites at Stansted Airport. 

The largest, single dass of sites is fiat of. 
towns from the Roman to the post medieval 
period (200 of 508 projects); among the 
smallest are medieval moats, castles, manors 
and granges, totalling only 11 projects 
altogether. About half of aU projects bid for in 
each category were recommemted for fimfing, 

Apart from the £337 min ion for current 
projects, English Heritage has allocated 
£390,000 for completing the backlog of king- 
dug sites, £100,000 for museum storage grants, 
and £590,000 for university contracts, mostly 
for the study of materiaL 

Forthcoming . 

Mr SlJ. Hoare 
and Miss LongfieW 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, younger son of 
the late Rev David Hoare and of 
Lady Lockhart-M um mery, of 
Hannington, Hampshire, and 
Melanie, eldest daughter of 
Brigadier and Mis Desmond 
Longfield, of Downton, 

Mr SJ. Crawley 
and Miss AJP. Soper 
The engagement is announced 
between Silas, younger son of 
the Rev Simon and Mrs 
Crawley, of PatterdaJe, Cum- 
bria, and Annabel elder daugh- 
ter of Dr and Mrs James Soper, 
of Lymington, Hampshire. . 

Mr' CJL Harris 
and Miss GA- Richardson 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs Jim Harris, 
of Weybridge. Surrey, and 
Anne, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Richarason, of Strat- 
ton, Bude, Cornwall. 

Mr NJL Lawton 
and Miss MJL Morgan 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel only son of Mr 
and Mrs C.E. Lawton, of Ken- 
dal Cumbria, and Mara, only 
daughter of Mr D.LD. Morgan, 
of Nairobi Kenya, and Mrs 
A.M. Morgan, of Cambridge. 

and Miss A.CR. Sergeant 
The engagement is announced 
between Lister, youngest son of 
Mr R.W. YaUupand of Mrs PJL 
Harvey, of Chepstow, Gwent, 
and Clare, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Jeremy Sergeant, of 
Little London, Ham 

Birthdays today 

Mr AIL Barrowclough, QG 62; 
Sir Bernard Braine, MP, 72; Mr 
Juan Fangio. 75; Profess o r Sir 
Fred Hoyle, 71 _ Sir Edward 
Jackson, 61 Mr Brian Johnston. 
74; Lord Palmer, 70; Lord 
Penney, OM, 77; Lieutenant- 
General Sir William Pike. 81 
Professor John Postgate,-64; Mr 
Justice Whitford, 73. 

University news 

Births, Marriages, Deaths mi In Memoriam 

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(minimum 3 lines) 
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name and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sem to: 

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or idcpboncd (by telephone subs- 
cibers only) to: It) -481 3024 

Announcements can be received by 
telephone between 9 00am and 
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day between 9.00am and 13 noon. 
Pn-411 4#U (Mr). For publication the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 

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telephone. Enquiries to: 01-822 
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Please allow at least 48 hours before 


Our Got) la imriAiI and tender . He wtu 
faun me btKM dawn of MvaOon la 
rt» on ib. 

SI. Lake l: 78 IC.N.BJ 


BKADSY ■ On June 22nd. 1986 to 
Jane tnde Edwards) and James. a 
daughter. Helena Mary. 

BURGESS - On June 19th to JtU Oiee 
MansonJ and John, a daughter. 
Emma Charlotte. 

CUFFOKD - AUsdair. brother for 
Christopher and Elizabeth, second 

■ son of the Honorable RoUo and Mn 
Fiona Clifford. 

COEN - On June 2lst to Talya (nee 
Vtgodsky) and Terence, a son. 

CStOFT - On June 19th to Anne lute 
■PococW and Chris, twins. Katherine 
'• and James. 

CURBS - On 21st April to Kale (n£e 

■ Gammon) and CWWopner. a son. 

. Peter, a brother for Lucy 
CHART - On June 19th toKaUianne 

in** Townetey) and William. a 
daughter. CSemcnune praerna. 
HILLS - On June 20th at Bristol 
Maternity Hospital, to Susannah mee 
- Hopkinsonl and Tim. a son. Harry, a 
brouter for Jama. 

HOUGHTON - On June 22nd lo Sue 
(nee Rodgers) and NIC*. a son. James 

LEDOUMN - On June 2lst to 
Lawrence and Helen inde Rosenbem) 
on her birthday, a daughter. Sarah 

LfDDLE - On 20th June lo Caroline 
(nee Montgomery) and Nick, a 
daughter. Lucy Odd. 

HUM - On 1701 June In Adelaide. 
South Australia, to Ranril (nee Mbul 
and Richard, a son. Matthew Danld. 
PARROTT on June 20th 1986 at 
Queer Mothers Hospital. Glasgow, 
to Mary into Dussusi and Andrew, a 
daughter. Decora* Jane. 

PHEMX - On June 8th in Kuala Lum- 
pur. Malaysia, to Monica (nee Chi 
Heng Lam and PauL a son. Michael 

TOBIN On 13th June to Celia and 
Anthony, a daughter. Emily, a sister 
(or Guy and Nicholas. 

WORDS - On 2 1 st June. 1986 to 
Diana (nee Stanford) and Alan, a 



Saturday. 2 1 st June ai Bicester. 
Rupert Harwood* of Watertnillock. 
Cumbria, to Catherine Marche m of 
Chesterton. Oxen. 

ALLEN Samuel Canon FitzwiHiara ■ 
On June 21st at home at Lathbury 
Park. Wise, brave and adored 
husband of Patrtoa. Beloved rather 
of Michael and Robot and stepfather 
of Anne Butler aod Mark 
Garth wane. Loved grandfather of 
Chefsea. Jonathan and Josephine. 
Dear stengrandfaiher of CharfoUe. 
Isabel. Rosie. William and Jemima 
and much loved by his son and 
daughters-in-law. Family toneral at 
Lathbury. Flowers ana enquiries to 
H.W. Mason & Sons. Tel: 0908 
611112. Manorial service later 

AMYLE - Derek Clifford. former 
Night Production Manager of The 
Times, suddenly at home. Sunday. 
June 22nd. Beloved husband and 
father of Barbara. Brian & Sharon. 

Kennlnghall. Norfolk • Suddenly on 
June 1 9th In Oman, aged 65. writer 
and retired H.M.I. 

counts- On June 20th. 1986. peace- 
fully at a Abbotsbury House, wm. 
Ma»r Percy Frederick, aged 79 
Funeral service at Putney Vale 
Cemetery on Wednesday. June 25th 
at 10.45 a.m. Flowers and enquiries 
to J. H. Kenyan Ltd. 49 Marines 
Road, wa TO. 01-937 07S7. 

COM BE Neville of Roundway Hill 
Farm. Devizes, suddenly in a car ac- 
ctdent on June 2lst after a hanpy 
game of cricket. Irreplaceable hus- 
band and father. Funeral 
arrangements from winchcombe. 
Devizes. 0560 2S00. 

OALTRT - Suddenly on June 19 Dl 
1986 Rosemary, aged 52 years. 
Dearly loved wife of Tony Dal try of 
Four winds. Burgh by Sands and a 
loving mother of Hilary. Stephen. 
Susan and Martin. Funeral Service 
■n Si. Michael's Church. Burgh by 
Sands on Wednesday. June 25th at 
12 noon, followed by cremation at 
Carlisle Crematorium <nt x.oo pm. 
Friends and relathes Mease come to 
Four Winds. BurMi by Sands after- 
wards. Family flowers only please. 
Donations. If desired, to SL Michael's 
Church. Burgh by Sands. 

DUNKERLEY - On Soth June 1986. 
Dorothy Elizabeth Louisa of 12 
caiUertJtny Road. Hawjjnge. Dearly 
laved wife of the late Lionel 
Dunkerley. Funeral ai KnockhoR on 
27ih June at 3.00 pm. Only family 
flowers and no letters Mease. 

EVANS • On June 2!sl 1986. at the 
Royal South Hants Hospital. David 
Molyneux Hardy, aged 79. beloved 
husband of Ruth, late Sudan Polltcal 
Service Management Selection Lid. 
Funeral at 12 noon on Thursday 
June 26m al St Mary’s Church. 
South Baddestev. Lymington. Kants. 
Family Dowers only. Contributions 
Of desired i to Solent Protection Soo 
cty. National Westminster Bank. 194 
Above Bar. Southampton. £09 3ZN 
(code 65-50-21. acct no 006392501 

FITZSIMMONS - On 20Ut June, at 
home. Usette Flora in6e NaluiunL 
beloved wtfe of Bill, dearest mother 
of Anthony. Peter and Ltvla. and 
grandmother of Alexandra and Ra- 
chel. Funeral at AU Saints Church. 
Uxbridge Road. Harrow Weak), at 
1 .30 pm Friday 27th June. Flowers 
and enquiries to J. A. Massey and 
Sons. 16 Lowlands Road. Harrow. 
Telephone 01-422 1688 2227. 

GILMARTHf ■ (Dublin I on 22nd June. 
1986 ai St. Vincent's Private Houh- 
tal. Thomas James, beloved husband 
of Peggy and dear father of John. 
Funeral after 1 1.00 e.m Mass in 
University Church. St. Stephen's 
Green this Tuesday lo Glasnevln 
Cemetery. Rest In Peace. 

GLEN - At her home m Sherborne. 
Dorset on June 22nd tn her 93rd 
year. Doris Clara Muat Glen. Funer- 
al Service an Thursday. June 26th al 
4.00 pm at Casiieton Church. 
Sherborne. Flowers may be sen! io 
E ason Funeral Serene. Newel L 

GREEN On June 19Ui 1986 peacefully 
in worthing Jeaiue Sutherland uiee 
Bateman > aged 81. widow of George 
Britneil. Funeral service at Worthing 
Crematorium on Tuesday June 24th 
al 11.30 am. Family flowers only. 
Donations lo The MuhMe Sclerosis 

CHESS WELL - on June tain. Don 
Gressweil M.BJL of Great Offley. 
Herts, aged 78 years. At ids own re- 
quest he has been cremated 
prtvatefy- He will be sadly missed by 
Ms wife, sms and grandchildren, but 
any token tram his friends la his 
memory may be sent to the Qintem 

• So ciety. 

GHMTER - Captain Gerard Douglas 
Trayton. 66 years, an June 2isL 
after lUnm borne with great 
courage. Greatly missed by family 
aod mends. Service at Stafford 
Crematorium on Thursday. June 
26Ui at 2.30 pm. Donations to Can- 
cer Charities. Enquiries to Price & 
Stubbs Funeral Services. MUI Street. 
Stone. Staffs. Tel: 0785 812556. 

GVTHE (ntfe REMWICX) - On Sunday 
22nd June. Agnes Mary, beloved 
wifp of the late Erast Cuihe. of 
Kepwick HalL Thirst, peacefully at 
home. Funeral Friday 27th June at 
Leake Church. 2.30 pm. Flowers or 
donations to the Girl Guide Move- 
ment. and local Parish Expenses. 
Alternatively donations may be sent 
to The Treasurer of Leake P.C.C~ 
c/o Maynoota. Knayton. Thtrsk. 

HALL James Dickson - Peacefully at 
home on June 17th. aged 91. Enqul 
rim to Halne & Son Ltd. Eastbourne 

MCSSI • On 19th June 1966. Robtn 
Norehffe of Nairobi. Kenya. In Dor- 
set after a short illness (Malarial. A 
dearty loved husband and father. 
Private funeral. No flowers please 
but donations if desired to Rhino Res- 
cue Fund, e»o Count Goretn. Box 1. 
Saxmundham. Suffolk. Memorial 
service lo be held in Sherborne Ab- 
bey. Dorset at 4pru on Wednesday 
9Ui July. 

JOHNSON . Donald. SioWlenly on 171b 
June, aged 7l years. Ex Squadron 
Leader of Betws Ycoed. beloved 
husband of Brenda Mary and father 
of Jane and Kate. No (towers 

LANGRAN - On 21st June as a revolt of 
a fan on her 86Ui birthday. Hel en 
Frances, loved wife of the late Brig. 
Lankan. M-C. and beloved mothcr 
and grandmother. Funeral. 
Whitchurch Canankorumoii 27th at 
12 noon 

MICHAELS - Betty, on 21st June, 
much loved moftse- of Claudia Boss. 
Funeral has taken place. Donations. 
If desired, lo Children and Youth 

BRITTON - On Saturday 21st June. 
Maurice Percy, aged 79. Dearly 
loved husband of Ruth, much loved 
father of Gay Satosian and broths 
of Peggy Epstein. Will be greaUy 
missed by family and friends. Funer- 
al has taken place. Prayera Tcsmday 
ev ening 8 o'clock 

MORSE- On June 18th 1986. in hospi- 
tal. after a long illness. Winifred 
Alelhea (nee Cwlnni in her BStti 
year, of Dymchurrts. Kenc Service 
at Hawkmge Crematorium on 
Monday June 3Gih al 2.30 pm. 

NICHOLS - On 2(Wi June 1986. sud- 
denly. Cap! Charles Alfred Godfrey 
Nichols. D.S.O.. LVO, RJX.. of 
Langton Green, to Ms 88th yean 
much loved husband of Beth and fa- 
ther of Phiito and Susan, and loving 
grandfather and great ^andfatber. 
Funeral Service at All Saints Church. 
Langton Green, on Monday 30th 
June at IX -<6. followed by private 
cremation. Family flpwer* only, but 
donations, if wished, to The Dorothy 
Kevin TfusL Surrewood. 
Groornbndg*. Keni 9PY. 

■ On 20th June. 1986. peacefully at 
home. Beloved mother of 

Christopher and Rupen. Private 
funeral on Wednesday. 25th June ai 

POUTS • On 2M Jane tn NatroU. 
Mary; dear wife of Charles and 
graRdniatber of Alexandra and 
Charles Patrick, after a long Illness 
bravely borne. 

ROWLAND - Suddenly, on June 18th. 
Maurice Frank Rowland. O-B.E- 
aged 75. of East Horsley. Loved and 

. tovtog husband Of 9ietla. father of 
Marilyn and JuUa. grandfather at 
Emma. Jonathan. MtcbaeL Xatta. 
Jason and Leila. Funeral at SL 
Mary's Church. West Horsley. ZJOO 
pro Thursday. 26th June. Flowers to 
L Hawkins A Sons Ltd. 2 Highland 
Road. Leatherhead. Surrey. 

23rd. peacefully alter a short illness. 
Charles Rttchte. Lord RusmB of 
KUtowea. adored h (a b end and toe- 
ing blend to afl Ids fismOy. Funeral 
private: please no flowers but dona- 
boas Instead to SL Joseph’s Hospice. 
Mare Sheet Hackney. London E8 
4SA. A Memorial Service win be an- 

On 21st June, peacefully 
after a long illness. Mary Beaton of 
Park Home. Cheltenham, formerly 
of Worcester. Funeral prtvate. 

"STOCK - On Sunday. 22nd June, 
peacefully at home. Nfgef Stock. 
Funeral Service at Christ Church. 
Hampstead at 12 noon on Friday. 
27th June, followed by cremation at 
Corners Green. No flowers please. 
Donations instead to Actors Benevo- 
lent Fund. 6 Adam Street. London 
WC2N 6AA- A Memorial Service 
win be arranged later. 

THORNTON • Rev. Dr Martin Stuart 
Farrtn Thornton AJLC~ MX. 
S T.D.. on June 22nd. after a tong 
and painful Illness. Formerly Canon 
Chancellor. Truro CaOiedraL some- 
tune Sob-Warden. SL DetotoTS 
Library. Hawarden. A faithful priest 
lo the end. Beloved husband Of Moni- 
ca and devoted father to Magdalen. 
Requiem Eucharist and FuneraL 
Thursday June 26Ui at 12 noon at 
Qvwkerne Parish Church. SomeN 
set followed by burial. Family 
flowers ( r os es ) only boL tf desired, 
memorial doaabons for SL 
Margaret's Cancer Care Hospice. 
Taunton, c/o A. J. Wakely & Sons. 
Funeral Directors. Her mi tage Street. 

1 Crewkerne. teL 0460 74547. 


HEWSRSOH - A Thankagfvtog Ser- 
vice for the RL Revo. E. a. 
Henderson, formerly Bishop at Bath 
* Wells, win be held at Wdb Cathe- 
dral on Thursday lOOi Ju& at 2pm. 
Donations to The Friends at SL 
Margaret's HosMe. Mount Street 


McqUARRfE - A Rfo ul fta Mass wfflbe 
offered by Rev. Michael Hendry al 
SI. Mary's Church. C^dogan Street 
SW3. on Wednesday 25 June at 6.30 
pm for the repose of the soul of 
Roseleen McQuame who died sud- 
denly and peacefully at 21 Sancrofl 
Street. Ketuungfon. London SEll 
SUG. on 10 June 1986. wife of 
Aihert McQuame . Member of Parlia- 
ment for Banff and Buchan AH 
friends Invited. This mass win also be 
offered for deceased members of the 
Challoner Club. Requtescal in pare. 

WATSON Principal J. Steven - A Ser- 
vice of Thanksgiving for Die life of 
Dr j. Steven Watson. Principal and 
Vice Chancellor of the Cntvenlly at 
St. Andrews wtu be held in the Par- 
ish Church or the Holy Trinity. SL 
AndrevK. oo Tuesday. 1st July 
1 986. ai 2.30 pm. A Service wm am 
oe had in Christ Church Cathedral. 
Oxford, on Saturday. 11th October, 
concerning which further details will 
be announced. 


The Natural Environment Re- 
search Council has established a 
research unit of aquatic bio- 
chemistry, costing £750,000, un- 
der the direction of Professor 
'John Sargent, previously direc- 
tor of the TTCRC Institute of 
Marine Biochemistry in 


Dr Graham Brookes, senior 
lecturer in computer science ax 
Sheffield University, has been 
appointed professor of com- 
puter science and head of the 

Mr Michael Norman, of Heriot- 
Watt University, has been ap- 
pointed to the Rank Xerox chair 
of information technology. 


Dr D. F. Shaw has been given an 
EEC grant worth £1,1 79,052 for 
a collaborative project fix- the 
establishment of marine science 
teaching and research in the 
Suez Canal University. 

Other granfs 

EEC: £106.370 to Dr P Wadghrnon for 
an Investigation of trie local electronic 
structure of metal /melal and 
meai/aendcondoclar adsorbates and - 

Interfaces by Anger Unesbape analy- 


Science said BMln w l mi Research 

Council; £102^99 to Dr Welshman 
ror studies at the local electronic 
structure of adsorbates and imerftMXs 
by Augo- line rtiape analysis. 

Memorial services 


WILKINSON - Sally Joan. 2001 June. 
1931 - 15th June 1980. Forever and 
over darting. 

The Earl of Haddington 
The Queen was represented by 
the Earl of Wemyss and March 
at a memorial service. for the 
Earl of Haddington faekl in St 
Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh, 
yesterday. Queen Elizabeth the 
Queen Mother was represented 
by the Earl of Dalhousie and 
Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester by Dame Jean Max- 

The Rev Gffleasbuig Mac- 
millan officiated, assisted by the 
Abbot of Nunrau and the Rev 
Kenneth Walker. The Earl of 
Haddington, son, read the les- 
son and Lord Home of the 
HIrsel gave an address. 

Sir John Higgs 

The Queen was represented by 
Sir Peter Miles and the Duke of 
'Edinburgh by Mr Brian 
McGrath at a service of thanks- ‘ 
pving for the life and work of 
Sir John Higgs held in The 
Queen’s Chapel, St James’s 
Palace, yesterday. The Prince of 
Wales, who was accompanied 
by the Princess of Wales, read 
the lesson. 

Canon Anthony Caesar offici- 
ated, assisted by the Veo Derek 

Hayward, and the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells pronounced the 
blessing. Mr f 

an . ' (Hiring Among others 
present were. ■ 

Lady Mbm (widow). Mto CwBm 
Htoar (daughter). Mr and Mrs -Kevin 
Knod lson-4iHaw 

and daughter). Mr 
~ Ukt and 
(slater -to- 

and Mrs David Htogs 0 * 0 ukt and 
sister-in-law;. Mrs P Litton 

IlHL _ 

The Lord ChamOertaln. the Mar- 
chkuiRss of LoUUnn.. the Bishop at 
Truro and Mrs MumfortL me Bishop 
of Chichester. Lord Saye and Sele. 
Lady Susan Humey. Sir John and the 
Hon Lady RtodeiL Sir Charles and 
Lady Graham. Sir Nicholas Hender- 
son (Lord Warden of lha Stannaries. 
Duchy or Cornwall) and the Hon sir. 

John Baring (receiver general): Str 

Anihony Gray, Lady (Peter) Miles. Str 
John Botes. Sir Derek Barber (chair- 

man. Countryside CoaunMon). Sir 
Matthew Farrar. 

. The V«a C Wluoo-Daviea. MrL PM 

Lannax (General Synod of me Church 

of England). Mr M A Roberts 
(secretary. Brooks’s). Mr John Joaiffe. 
Mr and Mis Juitm Wintams. MrjNC 
Jam e s. Mrs Andrew MiaillL 
Anne BeckWUtvSroUh- 
Mr John Green. Mr Harry An- 
drews. Mr Basil Hoskins. Mr mid Mrs 
Michael Nightingale. Mr D Skflbock. 
•Mrs J M Btekeretetb. Mrs Derek 
Hayward. Mr Michael Ridley iDuctur 
of Lancaster). Mrs George Wei 
Professor and Mrs Cbm Daniel. Mr 
Murrfo MacLean. Professor and Mrs 
CXynne Wickham. -Mwe Catherine 
Wickham. Dr Richard Thompson. Mr 
Jeffrey Bowman. Mr Peter Fowler. 
MT Barry Jadcron. Major Shane 
Blewllt. Mr H V Modson Mr and Mrs 
K«lh MicholL -Mr and Mis J F W 
McConneL Mr and Mrs Adrian 
McConneL Dr Joan TNrek. Colonel 
and Mn Gordon Grieve. Mr and Mrs 
Charles Grieve. Mr James Grieve. 
Lieutenant-Colonel J Q Winter and Mr 
Richard Carey. - • 


Mr JJVf. Hobbs 
and Miss H-J. Miles 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 21, at St Nicho- 
las Church, Tytberton Lucas; of 
Mr James Martyn Hobbs, son of 
Mr and Mrs R.E.T. Hobbs, of 
Lechlade. Gloucestershire, and 
Miss Heather Jill Miles, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Pj. Miles, of 
Chippenham, Wiltshire. The 
Rev Michael Taylor officiated. 

Mr D- Roberts 
and Miss H.Barggraf 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, April 26, at St Patti's 
Church, Fayetteville, Arkansas, 
United States, of Mr David 
Roberts and Miss Helen 

Latest wills 

Ohannes Movses Tchaglassian, 
of Ham mood. Lebanon, left 
estate in England and Wales 
valued at £2,184,510 net He 
died intestate. 

Air Vice-Marshal Howard Ford, 
of Westminster, the Olympic 
athlete, left estate valued at. 
£471.958 net. 


Mr Roger Westbrook to be 
British High Commissioner in 
Brunei, in succession to Mr R. 
F. Cornish. 

Mr Hayden nSBpe to be 
Director of Management 
Development, Education and 
.Training at the Cabinet Office 
(Management and Personnel), 
in succession to Mr John 
Mayne, who has been appointed 
Principal Establishment and Fi- 
nance Officer at the Department 
of Health and Social Security. 
Mr A. P. MUJard, Deputy Head 
of Wells Cathedral School, to be 
Headmaster of Wycliffc College 
in January, in succession to Mr 
R. G Poofton, who becomes 
Headmaster of Christ’s 
Mr B. W. Lewis to be President 
of the National Association of 
British and Irish Millers. 

Middle Temple 

Mr Justice Thomas A. Finlay J 
and Sir Barry Shaw. QG have 
been elected honorary masters 
of the bench of the Middle 

Science report 

Deep-sea search for 
eggs ends in aquarium 

After years of research, 
scientists have produced fertil- 
ized eggs of the chambered 
nautilus, and they hope this 
will help them to solve myster- 
ies about the evolution of one 
of the world's most beautiful 
and an deni creatures. 

The nautilus is . a spiraf- 
sbeiled animal that lives deep 
in the western Pacific. The 
shell was first named by 
Aristotle, bat until recently, 
scientists knew virtually noth- 
ing about how the animal 

A recent study of the nauti- 
lus - reported at the annual 
meeting of the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of 
Science - has forced biologists 
to changed some of their 
beliefs about the miimI- 
Among these is the Idea that 
the nautilus is a living fossil, 
an. animal that has remained 
unchanged for tens of mdlioos 
of years. 

For the past century, natu- 
ralists have searched for em- 
bryos of the nautilus. By 

looking at the auimaTs stages 
of development, scientists can 
learn how a creature evolved. 
Among those looking has been 
Dr John Arnold, of the Uni- 
versity of Hawaii. . 

Dr Arnold spat 10 years 
searching for fertilized eggs in 
the ocean depths, bat he 

finally found diem in the 
WaStiki Aquarium in Hawaii. 

Nautiluses there had. pro- 
duced sterile eggs. Bruce' 
Carlson, a researcher, at- 
tempted to immitate the ocean 
temperature m an effort to 
help the annuals to reproduce. 
It worked. 

Dr Armtidhas now.begun to 
analyze the embryos and he 
hopes the. work, wifi reveal, 
among other things, how the 
nautilus and its cousins, the 
sqmds and octopuses, are n 1 
lated to other mofluscs- ’ 

The animate, known' as 

cepbalopods, are the most 
intelligent of the molluscs. 
The research. Dr Arnold says, 
“Will tell usi lot' about the 
alternative form of intelligence 
that exists on Earth. - ' 1 

Levemubna Trust: £190.000 to 
Professor □ A King for a Lavcrhubne 
Centre for 
foaovattve Catalysts. 


Professor M. P." Furmston has 
been appointed pro-vice-chan- 
cellor for three years from 

Personal chairs have been 
awarded to the following (from 

Dr A. F. G Ryder (histiMy), Dr 
‘D. V. Evans (mathematics), Dr 
R. G Thomas (physiology). Dr 
R. D. Adams' (mechanical en- 
gineering), and Dr -D. A. 
Egginton (accounting). 

Dr P.N. T. Wdls has been 
appointed as honorary professor 
in radiodiagnosis from August 

Dr C G BsHnMQartl 

criernfetryK Dr G TUrnor Cnbcro- 
Molo^yi: Dr C F TUn&erioke 

k Bowes (cmcu Leal engUKOlMc Mr H 
Q Beale flaw); Dr H W wukfnaan 
(low); and Mr C L ATtfidd (econom- 

Grants totalling more than 
£1 million were notified to the 
June meeting of the council. 
These included one for £144,702 
from the Lord Chancellor's 
Department, to the School of 
Advanced Urban Studies (Mr M 
Hill) towards an investigation 
entitled “Civil justice review: 
housing study”. 



Distinguished former 
'V. . • Law Lord 

Lotti Russell of Kfllowen, a 
figure of outstanding character 
aod intellect in the legal worid 
who was a Lord of Appeal in 
Ordinary .from 1975 to 1982, 
died yesterday. He was 78.- 

His appointment as a Law 
Lord mailed die climax of a 
career distinguished both at 
the bar and bn the bench. 

Charles Ritchie Russell was 
bom into a family steeped in 
the law. 

His father, Frank Russell, 
was a Lord of Appeal in 
Ordinary, and his grandfather, 
the first Lord Russell of 
Kfllowen, was both a Lord of 
Appeal in Ordinary and, later, 
one of England's finest Lord 
Chief Justices. 

Russell was educated at 
Beaumont and at Oriel Col- 
lege, Oxford, representi n g his 
University against Cambridge 

- He was called to the Bar by 
Lincoln’s Inn in 1931 and 
practised, like his lather, in the 
Chancery Division. 

On the outbreak of -war be 
abandoned a large junior prac- 
tice to become; ur due course, 
a major in the Royal Artillery 
and an instructor in gunnery. 

Upon the invasion of 
France be parachuted into 
Normandy. Severely wound- 
ed,. he was mentioned in 
despatches and awarded the 
French Croix de Guerre with 

When war ended he re- 
turned to the Bar. Rather 
surprisingly, it took, him a year 
or two to rebuild his practice. 

But as soon as he had done so, 
he took silk in 1948. 

His first leading brief was an 
action for nuisance which be 
conducted skilfully and won. 

He neve looked back. 

He was armed at all points. 

Logical and ingenious on a 
point of law; formidable and 
sardonic in his cross-examina- 
tion of witnesses; full of 
persuasive charm in his han- . 
dling of the court anti well- 
prepared and urbane at all 
times, he even had a technique 
for H paling with the interven- 
tions of the bench. 

In 1951 he was appointed 
Attorney-General to the 
Duchy or Cornwall in succes- 
sion to WalterMonckton, and 
thereafter is said to have 
rlaimpd the. right to all lost 
golf balls as bona vacantia 
when he played golf at St 
Enodoc in the long vacations! 

A year later, he was elected a 
bencher of Lincoln’s Izul 
hi I960, Russell was made a 
Chancery Judge. ... 

He divided his time be- 
tween the ordinary work of the 
division and the worie of the 
new Restrictive Practices . 

Court of which he became 
president in 1961. ' 

In a very short time - and 
for a very short while - he was 
acting senior judge of the 
Chancery Division. 

As such, he was partly 
responsible for a new attitude, 
which proceeded on the as- 
sumption that the judges sat to 
serve the needs of litigants 
rather than to ascertain wheth- 
er they were clever at jumping 
through hoops. 

In April, 1961, at the age of 
53,- Russell was appointed the 
youngest Lord Justice of Ap- 

On the bench he was quick 
to expose flabby and inaccu- 
rate argument and his judg- 
ments were often’ lucid ami 
trenchant - 

Certainty and objectivity in 
the law were, in his view, 

•' i 


'v v 

paramount virtues which went 
to be preserved even at the 
risk of incurring the charge of 
failure to adapt the law to 
changing conditions. 

In the Coart of Appeal this 
jed him into some conflict 
with those of a different cast of 
mind. It was indeed a period 
of frequent dissenting judg- 
ments, in which Russell was 
sometimes the . dissentient, 
though more often a member 
of the majority. 

Bui if the case went to the 
House of Lords, their Lord- 
ships rarely disagreed with 
him in_eiiher event. 

Russell’s judicial virtues 
plainly merited promotion to 
the House of Lords. That he 
was not so promoted earlier 
than 1975 may have been 
partly due to his “Chancery” 
approach to the law. 

Though he served for a term 
on the Bar Council and on the 
Senate, and was in 1972 made 
a good Treasurer of his Inn, 
Charles Russell was not a 
political animal. Nor, though 
well-read, was he much inter- 
ested in the arts. 

But he enjoyed a good talk 
and good food and wine, and 
was a trustee of the Garrick 
Club and a member of the 
Beefeteak. He also played 
village cricket in Sussex, 
where he lived. 

He was renowned for his 
wit, not always kindly. Be- 
cause he was witty and amus- 
ing people enjoyed his 

He had a wide circle of 
admiring friends, but he was 
not a man with whom it was 
easy to become very intimate. 

Many indeed were a little 
nervous of this formidable 
man with his devastating rep- 
artee, who could so easily see 
through the pretences of bis 
fellow creatures, and who in 
the last resort was perhaps 
more interested in ideas than 
in people. 

Beneath a gay manner 
which appeared to take life 
none too seriously, Russell 
cared deeply for his religion, 
which was that of the Chinch 
of Rome. . 

From this source he drew 
his strength of character and 
inflexibility of purpose, which 
were as tittle apparent on 
casual acquaintance and as 
little paraded as the distinc- 
tion of his intellect. 

He was a man born into the 
law. And be was a man with 
the courage and integrity to 
use his vast abilities to defend 
tite law as an objective system. 

He married, in 1933, Joan 
Elisabeth Torrens, who died 
in 1976. He married again, in. 
1979, Elizabeth Cecilia, wid- 
ow of Judge Laughton-Scott, 
QG There were two sons and 
one daughter of the first 


Nigel Stock, a character 
actor familiar from many 
roles in the theatre and cine- 
ma, and on television, has 
died al the age of 66. 

A thoroughly reliable player 
who lent distinction to every 
aspect of the theatrical reper- 
toire,. from Shakespeare 
through Chekhov to modern 
force, he will probably be best 
remembered for bis television 
portrayal of Dr Watson in the 
Sherlock Holmes stories. 

He was born in Malta, on 
September 21, 1919, the son of 
an army captain, educated at 
St Paul’s School and studied 
for the stage at tbe Royal 
Academy of Dramatic Art, 
where he gai ned the 
principal’s medaL 

He started his stage career 
as a boy actor at the age of 12 
and played several juvenile 
parts in tbe West End and the 
Old Vic His first professional 
appearance- was m Tobacco 
Rauf in 1937. 

During the Second World 
War he fought with the Indian 
Army in Burma and China, 
was twice mentioned in des- 
patches, and ended the war 
with the rank of major. 

His post-war theatre woik 
included parts in the school 
force. The Happiest Days of 
Your Life ; and as a member of 
the Old Vic company in 1949 
be showed his versatility by 
alternating roles in Shake- 
speare, Goldsmith and 

During the previous season, 
he had made his first appear- 
ance in -New York in the Shaw 
Play .You Never Can TelL 

From this it was an abrupt 
transition - ba t one he took m 
his stride - to the services 
force. Seagulls Over Sorrento, 
which opened at the Apollo 

Stock as Owes, MD 

Theatre in 1950 and ran for 
three and a half years. 

In the following decade he 
appeared in Strindberg and 
Sartre and played four charac- 
ters in a group of playlets 
under the title. We Who Are 
About To ... which started at 
the Hampstead Theatre Club 
and transferred to the West 

In 1974 he played Sir Win- 
ston Churchill in a touring 
production of A Man and His 

Apart from Dr Watson - his 
best-known television pari 
was another doctor in Owen, 
MD, a series from the early 
1970s which, was set in the 

Among his many other 
television credits were Fall of 
Eagles, Churchill's People and 
me John Le Carte story. 
Tinker, Tailor. Soldier, Spy. 

Starting in 1938, he ap- 
peared in more than 40 films, 
including The Lady With the 
La/np, The Dam Busters . , The 
Battle of the River Hate, The . 
/ Jon in Winter a nd Cromwell- ' 

it - 

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• '-hi'. TV 

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S f 

. 'In another of their dramatize 
.£1 tions, Horizon (BBC2) mresti- 
.gated baby battering, Daring a 
tong two-part interview, a real 
} therapist faced two acton who 
f played the parents of a child 
with a brokenarm. WbBethe 
unscripted enterprise took on 
an exhausting was 
hard to grasp what exactly the 
producers (Hilary Henson and 
Penny Chons) intended. Be- 
yond allowing BS Jwimah'Mily 
to understand the terrible 
circumstances, Battered Baby 
seemed a beautifully acted 
piece of focondnsive indul- 
gence. To Bttderstand in this 
case was to forgive rather than 
know how to prevent 
The first part was fairly 
sOeoL Speaking in the middle- 
class riddles of psychoanaly- 
sis, Dr Danya Glaser asked all 
sorts of innocent quest! 
which were met by the parents' 
monosyllabic refusal to admit 
striking their fjiM. Tn 
game of lowered eyes and 
slanted months, wonts were 
squeezed out of them like air 
popping in day. 

Plain, animated was 
reserved for the second part, 
when it became dear that the 
cat-like husband coaid not be 
entrusted with a teddy bear 
(and that we tend to treat 
children as we oarselves were 
treated). Particularly good was 
Gillian Hanna's rendering of 
the crabby mother-in-law. 

In another first rate edition, 
Open the Box (Channel 4) 
looked at bow children might 
be battered by what they see 
on television. By the age of 16, 
said one parent his child 
would have watched 16,000 
murders and not one coopie 
making love. Though not 
enough children were inter- 
viewed, Mike Dibb's pro- 
gramme— finely edited by Ray 
Frawley in a way that mim- 
icked Its subject-matter — 
covered a lot of very watchsble 

The series has kept a com- 
mendable detachment from its 
own beUy-bntton (television 
screens ate filmed showing the 
relevant programmes rather 
than edited into), and last 
night’s edition sensibly chose 
to highligh t rtip inconsisten- 
cies of the current debate. 
MPs threatening to staunch 
the diet of obscenity and 
violence were gently reminded 
that the Bible, Squirrel Notion 
and the Home- Secretaries 
thrillers wo&hl be banned. On 
the other hand, a special- 
effects man who argued that 
no one believed in the violence 
was also exposed. Genuinely 
moved by a stnhtiu£ accident, 
the man added, as if it was of 
secondary importance, “and 
also he died**. 

The responsibilities of pub- 
lic service broadcasters woe 
examined in Are Yon Being 
Served (Well)? (Channel 4). 
This worthy waste of tune was 
presented by a girl who resem- 
bled a beetle trying to dhnb 
out of a pink gin. Polytechnic 
lecturers complained aboot the 
closeness of top br oadcaster s 
.to Whitehall, Phillip White- 
head told ns we were threat- 
ened with the extinction of 
taste and Brenda Maddox said 
we should be far more worried 
aboot tiie telephone service. 




and dramatic 

Baroque III, 1620* 


From Claude to 



William Blake 
and His 


Wilden stein 

It is one oflife's little myster- 
ies that, as soon as the 
summer — or something 
vaguely approaching it — sets 
in. commercial galleries all 
over the West End instantly 
bring out their faeavjesi-duiy 
Old Masters for our (perhaps 
slightly bilious) delectation. 
Possibly it has something to 
do with the hoped-for influx of 
rich Americans waving 
cheque-books, but it cannot be 
entirely that alone, since June 
is very frequently the time for 
normally selling galleries to do 
their bit for some worthy 
cause by putting on rather 
grand loan exhibitions, cata- 
logues sold in aid of . 

Indeed, sometimes the two 
purposes can be ingeniously 
combined: Matthiesen's Ba- 
roque m (until August IS), 
completely a selling show, is 
also in aid of the National An 
Collections Fund, and Ag- 

new’s French paintings From 
Claude to Gerieanlt (until July 
25). mostly a selling show, is 
in aid of the Friends of the 
Courtauld Institute; while 
Wildenstein's WflUam Blake 
and His Contemporaries (until 
July 1 1 ), being entirely on loan 
from the Fiizwilliam. is natu- 
rally in aid of the Friends of 
the Fhzwilliam Museum. 

Even apart from die possi- 
bility of our doing a good deed 
by buying a catalogue (lively, 
informative and wearing their 
sometimes considerable learn- 
ing lightly in each case), it 
would be ungracious of us to 
look so many gift-horses in the 
mouth. Possibly winter cosi- 
ness is a better circumstance 
for looking at rich, dramatic 
and primarily dark-toned 
painting like that in the 
Matthiesen show, but at least 
Matthiesen's luxuriously old- 
world (though wholly mod- 
ern) top-floor gallery has the 
advantage of a balanced tem- 
perature all the year round 
and as near as may be ideal 
lighting to view Old Masters. 

The latest cull from appar- 
ently inexhaustible supplies of 
baroque paintings in private 
collections has produced some 
rather extraordinary' finds, 
though not always, inevitably, 
by the most famous masters. 
This year the top gallery is 
dominated by two physically 
large and dramatically over- 
powering paintings. Mattia 
Preti's David Playing the Harp 
before Said and Bernardino 
Mei's Alexander the Great and 
the Fates. Both of them seem 

to date from the later 1660s. 
and both are certainly packed 
with iconographies! signifi- 
cance for any who care to read. 
Some of it rather obscure, to 
be sure: why. for instance, are 
there only two Fates in the 
Mel (unless the third is con- 
signed to an insignificant role 
in the background), as well as 
two Alexanders struggling 
with their destiny, aided by 
Fame up above and bewailed 
by Time down below? The 
Preti is a little more direct, but 
boldly diversified by a scatter- 
ing of miscellaneous charac- 
ters peeping into the com- 
position or gazing out from it 
while the two named charac- 
ters concentrate with passion- 
ate intensity on the business at 

With these two around it is 
difficult to pay so much 
attention to Artimisia Gen- 
tileschi's The Death of Cleopa- 
tra. heavy-limbed and still 
sensuous after the asp has 
done its work. But downstairs 
the eye cannot but be drawn 
by Michael Sweerts's Mars 
Destroying the Arts, a swarthy 
gentleman in armour chop- 
ping up statues and stomping 
on musical instruments as 
well as slashing paintings — 
the image is so odd, and only 
rendered odder by the inci- 
dental information that the 
figure of Mars in his iconoclas- 
tic fury appears to be a self- 
portrait of S wee ns. Make of 
that what you will 

All these paintings seem to 
call for slow and heavy consid- 
eration: not at all the fashion- 

Obscure and fascinating iconographies! significance in Bernardino Mei's Alexander the Great and the Fates 

able informality portrayed in 
Saint-Aubin's charming wa- 
ter-colour Le Salon de 175” au 
Louvre {pace the Gonccurts. 
who describe it in detail but 
say it is the Salon of I "SI ) in 
the show at .Agnew-. But then, 
if we may judge from this and 
some other pictures in the 
show, including de Troy’s La 
Lecture de Moliere. the French 
seem to have long cultivated 
the special skill of enjoying art 
w-hile keeping the tone light. 
And indeed most of the 
French pictures here manage 
to fit admirably with the 
desiderata of summer view- 
ing: complexes they may be. 

mats pas comphques. There is. 
for example, at tbe more 
imposing end of the scale, a 
beautiful Gaude. Paysage 
aver berger ct bergeres jouam 
du flageolet, which has only 
recently been recognized as 
such, after cleaning. There are 
2 couple of unusually graceful, 
almost play-fill Vemets of 
Naples seen across water, with 
lively groups of foreground 
figures. And there is a particu- 
larly delectable Ingres drawing 
of two Hide girls. Les Soeurs 
Montagu, in Rome, dressed in 
their best all crisp charm and 
not a hint of sentimentality. 

Since the Wildenstein show 

is made up entirely of loans 
from the Fiizwilliam. one 
might suspect that it had little 
to offer except to those who 
have not yet found their way 
to Cambridge in search of 
Blake. But in fact all the works 
here can seldom if ever have 
been shown together in Cam- 
bridge. and it does throw new 
light on Blake, not only to see 
him in the context of contem- 
poraries like Flaxman. Fuseli 
and Romney (the Romney of 
the visionary drawings rather 
than the relatively staid por- 
traitist). but also to see as 
many as three radically differ- 
ently coloured versions of one 

image from the illuminated 
books, as well as a variety of 
unique proofs and such. There 
are also original water-colours 
and paintings in tempera — all 
emphasizing Blake's unique- 
ness by juxtaposing him with 
as like as his period could 
ofTer. But, if you are searching 
for a parallel or a sensible 
comparison, it is to the future 
you must look, not to Blake's 
own time and not to any past 
except that of his own 

John Russell 

St Magnus Festival 

Characteristically brisk Beethoven 

Phoenix Cinema, 

On Sunday, following the 
previous nighfs televised pre- 
miere of Maxwell Davies's 
Violin Concerto in St Magnus 
Cathedral, foe Royal Philhar- 
monic Orchestra- moved 
across to the Phoenix, and one 
rather wished the cameras had 

been there again to catch the 
sight of them playing for 
Davies, all in white dinner 
jackets, with behind tbem the 
stained, dusty furrows of a 
lame amain in a run-down 
1950s cinema. 

The programme began with 
Davies’s Jimmy the Postie, 
fittingly dedicated to Ian Barr, 
the chair man of the 
Postal Board whose sponsor- 
ship has greatly strengthened 
the St Magnus Festival in 
recent yean. There had been a 

widespread assumption that 
the new piece would turn out 
to be Davies's obeisance to the 
tradition of the British come- 
dy overture, but in fact it was 
quite straight in its rum- 
bustiousness and fierce 
changeability of colour, bat- 
tling through thematic trans- 
formations to a Scottish folk- 
song on solo flute. Tbe 
tradition to which it belongs is 
rather that of the “Enigma" 
Variations, as a character- 
study of the Hoy postman. 

Davies's account afterwards 
of Beethoven’s Seventh Sym- 
phony was more in his own 
character, with incisive stacca- 
tos, a notable clarity of coun- 
terpoint and insistence on 
repeated motifs (particularly 
in the scherzo) powerfully 
wrought crescendos and strict, 
brisk tempos. 

it was a neat, crisp and 
somewhat disturbing dis- 

Paul Griffiths 

Theatre in Scotland 

Burning Love 

Traverse, Edinburgh 

A year ago the Traverse gave 
Franz Xaver Kroeiz's 
Through the Leaves its British 
premiere — a brutal, sad 
portrayal of the emptiness in 
and around a relationship. 
Again receiving its first British 
performance. Burning Love by 
his feUow German playwright 
Fitzgerald Kusz tackles a simi- 
lar area, although this time the 
“lovers" are 30 years younger. 

Kusz's play is not so com- 
plex, nor his analysis of hu- 
man behaviour quite so deep 
or deeply saddening, but his 
writing is also imbued with a 
bleak anger about people 

trapped into stereotypes and 
stereotyped attitudes by mod- 
em society. 

In a series of brief encoun- 
ters, freeze-framed into snap- 
shots that the ghi, Angie, pins 
on to her wail. Kusz shows us 
a summer romance between 
two teenagers both in dead- 
end jobs. Their desire to 
discover common ground can- 
not bridge the gulf of misun- 
derstanding between them, as 
they run aground, partly on 
already entrenched precon- 
ceived ideas about relation- 
ships, enforced by peer 
pressure, partly on class 

- Kusz reworks the well 
known theme, middle-class 
girl meets working-class guy, 
transposed with complete 

credibility here to western 
Scotland in Anthony Vivis 
and Tinch Minter’s transla- 
tion. The greatest stumbling- 
block however is their con- 
flicting experience of adol- 
escent crisis — she struggling 
with an imagined abyss of 
speculated fears, be looking 
for a means of self-assertion. 

hi the end the real tragedy is 
not what happens to the 
relationship but tbe degree to 
which what happens seems 
inevitable. Though they both 
kick against society, tbe future 
of the two characters seems 
almost pre-ordained — Leon- 
ard O’Malley and Tracey 
Spence handle nicely a scene 
where, as they mimic their 
respective parents, the voices 
and a tt i tude s they adopt sud- 

denly fit them all too well 
Hamisb Glen's production, 
though it lacks edge at the 
start, gathers momentum to- 
wards the twist at the end: 
and, while Kusz leaves some 
of the social issues he intro- 
duces rather lamely on the 
surface (such as teenage drink- 
ing and work experience), he 
evokes the pressure-cooker 
atmosphere painfully well 

Sarah Hemming 

• The Royal Academy of Arts 
is to present an exhibition of 
300 pages from 45 of Picasso's 
sketchbooks, from September 
1 1 to November 23. It will be 
the first time they have ever 
been shown in public in 


Music Projects 

Almeida Theatre 

Jo Kondo. whose music 
shared this Almeida Festival 
concert with that of a Japanese 
colleague from an altogether 
older generation. Yorilsune 
Maisudaira. is clearly a com- 
poser of intriguing originality. 
He seemed to have invented a 
special new language for each 
of his four pieces that we 
heard on Sunday (all of them 
receiving their British pre- 
mieres). But each was also 
constructed elegantly, and 
each carefully explained its 
own. usually simple, premises. 
The effett was like being 
taught bow to listen all over 

Kondo. now in his late 
thirties, is obviously both a 
sensitive and a gently humor- 
ous man. The latter quality 
was especially evident in 
Walk (1976) for flute (Nancy 
Ryfer) and piano (Andrew 
Ball), and not only because of 
the immense length of the part 
from which Miss Rufer had to 
play. H 'oik was indeed a 
promenade for two, the joke of 
it being that sometimes the 
performers were out of step, 
sometimes in step. Quite apah 
from its endearing whimsy, 
significantly its momentum 
was far more compelling than 
that generated by the system- 
ized phrase-changing of Reich 
and his minimalist disciples. 

Falling (1973) was another 

The widow of the eminent scientist Sir Julian Huxley has a touching 
and remarkable tale to tell in her autobiography. Leaves of the Tulip 
Tree. Caroline Moorehead visited Lady Huxley just before publication 

The gift of being loyal with 

DcK 8cott Stewart 

When Juliette Huxley was 19 she 
was sent to London from Switzer- 
land to Improve her English. It was 
1916. She crossed by train through 
Europe at war. Chance, in the shape 
ofan employment agency, led ber-to 
Garsington Manor, where she was 
taken on by Lady Ottoline Morrell 
to teach her eight-year-old daughter. 
It was there that she met tbe Huxley 
brothers, and quite soon afterwards 
married Julian. He was ten years 
older, brilliant powerful prone to 
nervous breakdowns and with a 
view of marriage very few women 
would have been able to accept. 

She has just brought out her 
autobiography. Leaves of. the Tulip 
Tree, an account oT their life 
together, a generous, touching trib- 
ute to a man about whom she 
nevertheless writes, of tbe time just 
before they married, "1 cannot think 
why I did not run away, rim for 
miles, but remained spellbound 
under the flood of his words, tike a 
rabbit bewitched by a stoat”. 

The book doses with Sir Julian’s 
death, early in 1975. Juliette Huxley 
spent tbe months that followed 
sorting through the great archive of 
letters and papers, sending over 
much of what was there to Rice . 
University in Texas, where he had 
been ftofessorofBiolqgy from 1913 
to 1916. and with the £10,000 she 
received for the letters she started a 
memorial fellowship s his name at 
Balliol College. There bad been talk ; 
of other people publishing collec- 
tions of bis letters; she considered 
the idea carefully. Then sherealized • 
that they would never convey 
anything of her own lift with 
Huxley, and that ibis was something 
' that she could only do herself It has 

taken her, on and off. seven years. 
The author who emerges is fill! of 
dignity, funny, constantly worrying: 
how to be as clever as the Huxleys? 
as elegant as the smart Frenchwom- 
en at Unesco? as competent, eru- 
dite. , talented as the world she 
observed around her? . 

Juliette Huxiey'had been right to 
be apprehensive, in those , weeks 
before her marriage: Her life with 
Huxley was not easy. He was not a 
faithful husband and regarded her 
attachment to fidelity as a base, 
rather, belittling sentiment Neither 
in her book, nor retiring, does she try 
to pretend that it did not matter, 
referring to his afiairs-as “fugues” 

' and “amourettes" but adding that 
she is now worried about being too 
candid. "1 feel atrocious pangs of 
guilt I feel very naive. I wanted to 
. be honest, but there are times when 
you should dress things np ." ; 

' Of their relationship, .however, 
she speaks with appreciation and 
fondness it is for reader and listener 
to form their owq view. "We built 
a life”, she says. “We were loyal lo 
each other but nor faithful Especial- 
ly after we stayed with H-G. WeDs 
and saw how be had his mistress. 
That appealed to Julian. He got 
what he warned, at a cost. I wasn’t 
.■keen ai first. Bui when it became 
irrevocable" — Juliette Huxley’s 
English is perfect, but occasionally a 
French “r" holds her up — ‘“irrevo- 
cable. then. well. I found it all 

There were, of course, very good 
times. Tii .1929 ihe Huxleys went to 
Africa, on a long saian on foot 
looking but not shooting, and there . 
'were several more visits to the 
animals. These were both spur to 

and the result of Huxley’s work, for 
he was later to help found the 
International Union for the Conser- 
vation of Nature and the World 
Wildlife Fund and to fight hard for 
the creation of national parks. 
These are things she feels that he has 
never received proper recognition 

- There were also the close and 
excellent friends, the first of them 
Lady Ottoline Morrell, for whom 
Juliette Huxley felt great affection; 
the happy first years in Oxford; the 
time at the Zoo, unsuccessful for 
him because he was. she says, 
hopeless at dealing with commit- 
tees, but fine.for her and their two 
sons, for she quite liked living where 
she could hear the lions roar. 

Later, there was also sculpture, 
most of it in wood, a talent she 
discovered only when her younger 
son Francis was knocked over by 
car and needed an occupation 
through convalescence and she 
found herself an immense satisfac- 
tion in it Her pieces are everywhere 
in the house in Pond Street, 
opposite foe Royal Free Hospital, to 
which they came in 1943 when the 
area was still a hill “covered in 
buddteias, feral cats and wild 
birds". The house is particularly 
charming, cluttered. with a feeling 
of country rather than city. A huge 
library contains her red wood pig 
(sculpted from a real wild pig given 
to the Zoo by Albert Schweitzer 
after it became loo persistently 
friendly), embroidered chairs (done 
by her), paintings of Bloomsbury 
and Garsington Manor, photo- 
graphs of Huxley, a vase given to 
them 1 by D.H. Lawrence, dusty 
shelves of- books, all faded and 

comfortable. Behind is an ideal 
garden: Juliette Huxley has gar- 
dened since Garsington days. Hux- 
ley never joined in. but liked, she 
say's, to sit in the gardens she made. 

What there has not been, until 
now, is writing. other than a book 
on their first journey to look at 
animals. Wild Lives of Africa. 
written nearly 50 years ago. She rays 
that this was a mistake and that she 
should have kept writing: “If l bad 
had the sense of a peanut. I would 
have written, written and written." 
And now? “There are many things I 
want to say. But do you know, mv 
dear, how old I hm?" 

Juliette Huxley, remarkably, will 
be 90 in December. She is smartly- 
dressed with very blue and very 
round eyes: her manner is energetic 

and she speaks extremely quickly. 
“What should 1 write now? I think I 
should just wind up my life, like I 
wound up mv book." This is said 
cheerfully. What really preoccupies 
her is publication day. “I'm really 
rather frightened.'* 

“Could I live my life again", she 
observes in the last paragraph of her 
book. “I would set myself to leant 
the art of paying attention " The 
words are characteristically self- 
deprecating: the strongest thing that 
comes across, in her book as in her 
talk, is a sense of enquiry, a note of 
friendly curiosity about other peo- 
ple and why they are as they are. 

m Leaves of the Tulip Tree is 
published by John Murray at 

game about near co-ordina- 
tion, this time in the follow- 
my-leader tradition. An elec- 
tric piano did the leading; two 
violas and a double bass did 
the following, aiming at uni- 
son or double octaves with 
each other and the piano. The 
gaps between these coinci- 
dences were, however, filled 
with weird glissandi, produc- 
ing a memorably individual 
texture, predominantly dark 
and eternally fascinating. 

For When IVind Blew 
(1975), scored for string quin- 
tet, wind quintet, piano and 
two cowbells. Kondo's inspi- 
ration was evidently Webern's 
Klangfarbenmelodie. In Ron- 
do's hands the device yielded 
something astonishingly mel- 
low. like a nostalgic pastoral; 
and the work, moreover, end- 
ed overtly in C minor. 

By 1984, when Kondo 
wrote Hunisucde, his leaning 
towards lusher textures had 
apparently gone several stages 
further. In this work a similar 
ensemble, with a trumpet and 
two trombones replacing the 
cowbells, created a slow-mov- 
ing chorale whose overlap- 
ping, sensual harmonies sim- 
ply left one speechless with 
admiration. It certainly pro- 
vided a sharp contrast with 
Matsudaira's complex, though 
in its way equally impressive, 
counterpoint Music Projects/ 
London played marvellously. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Andre Watts 

Festival Hall 

Andr6 Watts's contribution to 
the Andre Previn Music Festi- 
val — a hugely challenging all- 
Liszt programme — was one of 
those intriguing recitals where 
even the less satisfying things 
were somehow instructive as 
to the extreme range of Liszt's 

creative abilities, to which (we 
can perhaps guess) no pianist 
since the composer himself 
has been able to respond in 
absolutely every department 

Not that technical short- 
comings had anything to do 
with it; Watts must have one 
of the most sensationally dex- 
trous sets of fingers on the 
planet Tbe speed of the 
double-octave passages in the 
B minor Sonata, which occu- 
pied most of the first half 
would have satisfied any pia- 
nist as would the crystalline, 
light-fingered clarity of the 
torrents of passagework. Nor 
was Watts's playing superfi- 
cial; the transition to the 
Sonata's slow central section 
was beautifully achieved, and 
the section itself unfolded in 
spacious, reflective para- 
graphs of limpid piano tone. 

The problem was a structur- 
al one. Perhaps a wholly 
convincing account of Liszt's 
massive single movement is 
unattainable: but, if it is not 
feasible to channel the tidal 
forces at work in the music 
into any kind of coherent 
synthesis, there should at least 
be some sense that those 
forces are actually there. Wans 
did not really present us with 
more than a loosely-assem- 
bled sequence of events. 

The shorter pieces of the 
second half, on the contrary, 
found him in bis element. 
“Staggering" is an overworked 
word, but bow else does one 
describe the kind of technique 
on display here in the Pagani- 
ni Studies? Tbe speed, accura- 
cy and seemingly untroubled 
suppleness of “La Camp- 
anula" bad you doubting your 
hearing. Liszt's later piano 
pieces are a world apart from 
such things, but here too the 
varying moods of five of the 
strange, exploratory utter- 
ances were marvellously cap- 

Malcolm Hayes 


Level 42 

Glastonbury Festival 

After three days of sunshine, 
stimulants and squalor, it was 
hardly surprising that this 
annual gathering of the alter- 
native clans had lapsed into a 
mild torpor by the lime Level 
42 made their appearance 
towards the end of Sunday 
night. But those who tad not 
shuffled on to begin the long 
hilch-hike home were amply 
rewarded by an energetic and 
dextrous performance by the 
quartet whose melodic tensile 
jazz-funk music has found its 
way into the single, albums, 
dance, disco, soul. dub. CD 
and probably one or two other 
charts this year. 

Although they came to 
prominence during the brief 
era of glamorous pop stars like 
Boy George and Duran 
Duran, Level 42 had never 
had much in the way of looks 
or image to help them, and 
their show depended on foe 
old virtues of musicianship 
and hard work. 

On the Glastonbury stage - 
a converted corrugated, pyra- 
mid-shape structure, normally 
used by its owner as a cattle 
shed — they were aided by a 
barrage of chaotic laser effects 

as they hammered through a 
selection that defied the audi- 
ence to remain indifferent. 
The show was dominated by 
Mark King's swiftly pum- 
melled bass-playing and Phil 
Gould's sharp, clear drum- 
ming, and the attack was 
rooted in surging, insistent 
rhythmic structures that these 
two combine and produce. 

The guitarist. Boon Gould, 
occasionally plays quicksilver 
jazz-funk solo, as in “Micro 
Kids", but more often con- 
fines himself to mixing in with 
the rhythm, and it was left to 
Mike Lindup's keyboard, and 
the combined vocals of him 
and King, to colour the puls- 
ing beat with melodies and 
harmonies of a contrasting 
gentleness. They ranged, with- 
in this formula, from foe 
relaxed funk of “Turn it On” 
and the ballad “Leaving Me 
Now" to the bullish dance- 
floor pump of “The Cham 
Has Begun" As they roared to 
a finish with “Lessons in 
Love" it seemed for some 
tired souls in the audience that 
the evening had just begun. 

David Sinclair 

• Richard Van Allan is to be 
the next director of the Na- 
tional Opera Studio. He will 
take up the post in September, 
white continuing to fulfil his 
international singing com- 


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Crash carnage brings government motorway inquiry 

By Tim Jones 

A government inquiry 
is to be held into the 
safety of the motorway 
central reservation guards 
at the site of yesterday’s 
M4 crash, Mr John 
Moore. the new Secretary 
of State for Transport, 
said in the Commons 

Mr Moore expressed 
sympathy for the victims 
of the accident but urged 
MPs to "keep in propor- 
tion” the number of 
deaths on Britain’s 

He was asked by Mr 
Roy Hughes, shadow 
Transport Secretary', to 
ensure that the crash in- 
quiry would be as far 
ranging as possible and 
would look at the ade- 
quacy of the central 
reservation guards. 

Mr Hughes said: “Since 
it appears the only thing 
we know about the ac- 
cident is that the mini- 
van landed on the 
opposite carriageway, will 
you have particular re- 
gard to the adequacy of 
the central reservation 
guards to try and stop this 
kind of accident happen- 
ing in future?” 

Mr Moore replied: "I 
will make absolutely cer- 
tain that those points are 
pursued effectively.” 

Responding to protests 
from Mr Robert Adley, 
Conservative, that pas- 
senger vehicles on roads 
faced less stringent safety 
regulations than rail traf- 
fic, Mr Moore said: "I do 
think we ought to keep in 
proportion the awful trag- 
edy we have seen early 
this morning.” 

He added: “Accident 
rates on motorways are 
one-third of all those on 
all-purpose trunk routes 
and one-eighth of those 
on all roads. While obvi- 
ously we must leave no 
stone unturned to sort out 
these problems we face, 1 
think we must keep the 
relativities here.” 

The Department of 
Transport emphasized 
later that the investiga- 
tion. which would be by 
police, would be into the 
crash barriers at the death 
site and not nationally. 

Parliament, page 4 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, opens 
the Queen Elizabeth It Con- 
ference Centre. Broad Sanc- 
tuary. SWl, 3; later, they attend 
ibe annual dinner of The Third 
Guards Club to mark the sesqui- 
ccmenary of its foundation, 
Savoy Hotel. WC2, 7.45. 

The Duke of Edinburgh 
presents the Design Council 
Awards and The Duke of Edin- 
burgh Designers' Prize, West 
India Docks. 1 1.30. 

Princess Margaret opens the 
extension to the Victoria Coi- 

Rescue workers sarvey the wreckage of the estate car (foregronod) and the transit van (behind) early yesterday. A family of four were killed in the car, aid nine others died in the van. (Photograph: Richard Reed). 

Barrier designed to 
withstand small van 

13 die as van crosses M4 

Skidmark and twisted barrier (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Van veers out of control 
spins 180 degrees 

© Surmounts crash barrier 
- travelling backwards - 

' Safety standards relating to 
crash barriers on Britain's 
motorways and trunk roads 
are contained in Safety Fences 
and Barriers, issued by the 
Department of Transport 
Highways and Traffic Direc- 
torate in June 1985 (Mark 
Dowd writes). 

Barriers such as those on 
the central reservation of the 
M4 in yesterday's accident are 
tested ‘'dynamically" at the 
Transport and Road Research 
Laboratory in Crowthorne, 

Eastbound carriageway 

Subaru estate 
(4 dead) 

Westbound carriageway 

Cortina Astra 
(3 injured) . (1 injured) . 

i mo 

© Van rolls to haft, 
hit by oncoming car 

Jvvo following 

Wt wreckage 

Berkshire. A vehicle weighing 
one and a half tons (about the 
weight of a small van) is driven 
at 70m ph directly into a 
barrier at an angle of 20 

In theory, most of the 
kinetic energy of the vehicle 
should be absorbed. The steel 
in the barrier is designed to be 
sufficiently elastic to prevent 
the vehicle ham leaping over 
on to the opposite carriageway 
and to stop it from bouncing 
back across the traffic. 

The “Armco" type beam is 
not guaranteed to perform its 
task if the weight of the 
vehicle, its speed or its angle of 
impact are greater than the 
levels stated in the standard 
tests. The condition of the 
vehicle is also a consideration. 

Research is continuing into 
the possible deployment of 
improved safety barriers, de- 
signed to withstand the impact 
of leaner vehicles. 

Most barriers on British 
motorways were installed in 
the early 1970s after a series 
of “crossover*' accidents. 

Continued from page 1 
what was the worst disaster to 
have occurred on the M4. 

Sergeant John Wheeler, of 
Thames Valley Police, said: 
“The accident will be fully 
investigated and the question 
of whether alcohol or drugs 
were involved will obviously 
be considered" 

Assistant divisional fire of- 
ficer Frazer Gunn described 
the honor he encountered on 
arriving at the crash scene. 

“At first I thought the 
ground was strewn with 
wreckage from the vehicles, 
tents and sleeping bags. Then I 
realized that it was dead 
bodies that I was steppping 
over...ihe carnage was abso- 
lutely staggering. There were 
bodies strewn all over the 
motorway, mingled with bed- 
ding and canvas. 

“When I returned home I 
could not sleep and could only 
hear the screams of a woman 
who was dying by the side of 
the decimated van." 

Firemen used heat-activat- 
ed cameras to search for 
bodies over a wide area of the 
embankment and used heavy 
cutting equipment to reach the 
family trapped in the car. 

Mr Gunn said: “We cut the 

roof and side from the car so 
that the ambulancemen and 
doctors could get at the bod- 
ies. There was a mother and 
father in the front seats and 
they were both dead. In the 
back we thought that there 
were only two other people, a 
1 0-year-old girl and a woman 
in her late twenties. However, 
when we moved in on them 
we found another girl a 
teenager. trapped 


He said he and his men were 
sickened and left numb by 
their experience of the 

As news spread that the 
victims In the van had been 
returning from the pop festi- 
val at Glastonbury, Somerset- 
relatives of the thousands of 
fans who attended the event 
called police to plead for news. 

A spokeswoman for the van 
hire firm said yesterday: 
“Some young people hired it 
on Friday for the weekend. I 
didn't know what they were 
going to do with it but there 
should not have been more 
than three people in it 

“There are only three seats 
in the from and it is pan of the 
hire agreement that no more 

than three people should be 

A positive identification of 
the family who were killed was 
made by Mr von Roue's son 
by a ’former marriage. ‘ } 

He said" “My father was a 
charming, intelligent ana 
amusing man and a very 
careful driver." He said Mr 
von Kotze had worked as a 
cameraman on a number of 
Hollywood films and that the 
family was returning from a 
two-week holiday in the south 
of France when the tragedy 

Mr Zbigniew Kasprzyk and 
his wife Bog us lawn, whose 
Cortina ploughed into the 
back of the van seconds after it 
had collided with the von $ 
Kotzes’ car. said yesterday: 
“Thank God we are alive." 

They had been travellling 
home to Swindon with their 
grandmother, Jadwiga, aged 
82, when they met the van 
spread across two lanes of the 

Despite slamming on the 
brakes, the car smashed into 
the van. Mrs Kasprzyk said 
they were saved from serious 
injury by their seat belts. 


lage Hospital Thame. Oxford- 
shire. 1 1.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester ac- 
cepts the Reconocimienia 
National 19 dc Septiembre on 
behalf of the British Mexican 
Association, the Mexican Em- 
bassy. 48 Belgrave Sq, SWl. 
11.55; he then visits Oxford to 
attend a service of St John's 
College to mark the 350th 
anniversary of the completion 
of the Canterbury Quadrangle. 
Si Michael at the North Gate 
Church, Ship St, 4.15; later he 
visits the University Museum. 
Parks Rd. 4.55. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of St Peter's Research 
Trust for the Cure of Kidney 
Disease, attends a trustees' 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,080 


1 Lawrence’s work as artist in 
pan of London (7). 

5 Supports what people have 
when annoyed (3,2). 

9 Intimate quiet can make 
you restless (9). 

10 Leader of female trio 
appearing annually (Si- 
ll You'll find here no West 
German city (5). 

12 Oriental author’s divided 
attention (9). 

14 Performing outside but odd 
poet is a sceptic (8,6). 

17 King mated with or without 
help of bishops (5.3,6). 

21 Representative who should 
be broad-minded? (9). 

23 Out after three, say (5). 

24 Actor playing villain is hard 
to bear (5). 

25 “He’s after an office", Frank 
scoffed f9). 

26 Proposer of tribute to flower 


27 Foreign rum (71. 


1 Extra clause about a thief 

( 6 ). 

2 Thick paint in pots 1 am 
getting mixed (7). 

3 Study of vegetation on tree 
in Australian place (6.3) 

4 Funds obtained from some- 
where with a loan (II). 

5 Race bowler’s intended vic- 
tim (3). 

6 College poet (5). 

7 Ordered rum, . as in part or 
South America (7). 

8 Missile from West to East 
split between North and 
South? (8). 

13 All-rounders bearing seals of 
approval (6-5). 

15 Top-class performer raised a 
sort of rifle (4-5 1 

16 TmJe-urde from nasty gos- 
sip about couple (8). 

18 A king once more rises and 
falls (7). 

19 Get exercised about king 
and country (7). 

20 This VIP may be said to 
smile (6). 

22 Government leader in new- 
type republic (5). 

25 Short-tailed dog (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,079 

Concise Crossword page 14 

meeting. St Philips' Hospital. 
SheiTield St, WC2. 12.45: later, 
she attends a mid summer ball 
in aid of the Bo hath Centre,- 
Claridges, Brook St. Wl. 10.30. 

The Duke of Kent. Colonel 
Scots Guards, attends the Third 
Guards Club Dinner. Savoy 
Hotel. WC2. 7.40. 

The Duchess of Kent opens 
the new Emergency Control 
Centre, and the new Mount- 
batten Pavillion at the Royal 
British Legion Village, and Ar- 
chery House. Dan ford. 1 1.05; 
later, she attends a reception 
and award ceremony given by 
the National Association for 
Maternal and Child Welfare, 
The Crypt. Guildhall EC2, 7.30. 


Piano recital by David 
Kuyken: Wigmore Hall. 
Wigmore SL Wl, 7.30. 

Piano recital by Lesley 
Young; St Vedas l, Foster Ln. 
EC2. 1.10. 

Summer Concert; Piano re- 
cital by John Ogdon; Royal 
Academy of Arts, Burlington 
House. Piccadilly, 7.45. 

Recital by Sandra Ford (so- 
prano) and Adrian Hobbs (pi- 
ano): St Manin-in-lhe-Fields. 
Trafalgar Sq. 1.05. 

Recital by Josephine McNally 
(soprano] and John Tomkins 
(baritone); Si Clement's Church. 
Eastcheap. EC4. 1. 

Traditional jazz by The 
Windy City Seven; Wyndham 
Place. Crawford Su W|. J2.30. 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 10 (very low) 
Forecast for today, low. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Weatheriine: 01-246 
809 ] . which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

TV top ten 

National top ten television programme In 
the week anting Jtara 15: 

BBC 1 

1 EastEndere (Thura/Sun) I7.flttn 

2 EastEnders (Tues/Sun) 1655m 

3 Work) Cup Grandstand (Wad) 

* That's Lite 1130m 
5 Nme CCioeii New* (Tubs) lOJOm 
B Dates 1055m 

7 News and Weather (Sun 22:15) 

9.90m _ 

8 Nine O'Ctack News (Thurs) 9.75m 

9 Miss Marob (Tubs 20:00) 9 .35m 
10 Nine O'clock News (Wed) 9.1Sm 


1 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada 

2 Coronation Street (Wad) Granaada 

3 Emmar da te Farm (Tues) Yorkshire 

4 Crossroads (Tuns) Central 1150m 

5 Crossroads (Mon) Central 10.60m 

6 Crossroads (Wed) central 1050m 

7 Ranters of me Lost Arts [TV 1050m 
B News at 5.45 (Tues) tTN 950m 

9 Crossroads (Tturs) Central 9.75m 
10 Cats Eyes TVS 950m 


1 A Vary PecuSar Practice 6.65m 

2 MASH 6.05m 

3 Naked Video 535m 

4 Horizon (Mon/Sal) 525m 

5 Your Lite «i The* Hands 3JB0m 

6 Breaker Morant 3.75m 

7 The Rise and Faa ol Reginald Perrin 

Moonftgtitmg 3.15m 
9 Waimwnght 3.10m 
10 Just Another Day 3.00m 

Channel 4 

1 Brookside (Moo/Sat) 4.85m 

2 Brook side (Tues/Sat) 4.70m 

3 St Elsewhere 4.15m 

4 Cheers 3.65m 

5 Johnny Belinda 3.30m 

6 Open the Box 3.10m 

7 Wetherby Z95m 

B The Cosby Show 250m 

9 The Great Plant Collections 2.50m 

10 Bewitched 255m 

Broadcasters' Audtonce Research Board. 


London and the south sest AS: 
London bound traffic on Kingston bypass 
reduced to one lane due to roadworks. 
A2& Roadworks at (he |unction with 
Dorking H0i SL WnMadoi c Avoid the 
town carve, A219.A24 and A3 during the 

The MMtanda: Mfe Roadworks around 
junction 1 (A426 Rugby), two lanes opan ra 
contraflow arrangement. MS: Two lane 
contraflow as roadworks continue be- 


16 (A45) with exit and access points at 
junction 15 dosed lor two weeks. 

The North A1(M): Resurfacing work 
between AycSffe and Burtrea inter- 
changes, Co Durham, with N bound 
camageway and sip roads dosed, 
contraflow and diversions. M5& Delays 
and contraflow between junctions 6 and 9, 
Cheshire. A1: Lana restrictions due to 

junctions S 
9 Che tor 

S bound 
(M50 S Wi 
ham), avoid if 

and delays on Bath Rd. Bristol, between 
Eagle Rd and Kensington Pk Ra 

10 (A4Q19 Cheton- 
. M: Roadworks 


Births: Sir John Ross, arctic 
explorer. Balsarroch, near 
Stranraer. 1777; Horatio Her- 
bert, Earl Kitchener, Listowel 

Co Kerry'. I S50. 

Deaths: John Hampden, par- 
liamentarian, Thame, Oxford- 
shire. 1643: Adam Lindsay 
Gordon, poet. New Brighton. 
Australia. 1870: Graver Cleve- 
land, 22nd president of the USA 
1885-89. Princeton. New Jersey, 
1908; Walter Rathenao, states- 
man. assassinated, Berlin. 1922; 
Stuart Davis, abstract artist. 
New York. I%4. 

Forces of Robert the Bruce 
defeated those of Edward I! at 
Bannockburn, 1314. 


A slack trough of low 
pressure will persist over 
the British Isles. 

6 am to midnight 

SE, cm dial S, NW, central N 
Attends, Chanel Wands, N 
. Lake District, Me of Man, SW 
Scattmd. N i nten d : Sunny Marvels, dry 
steft but showers developing; wind SSofli; 
max temp 22C (72F). 

East Antfia, E. ME England, Baden: 
Sunny tetonrals, perhaps drawers later; 
wind BE, ftght; max tenra 21C (70F). 

SW England, S Wales: Sunny Marvels 
and showers, heavy it times, —*~~ 
with thunder mnd E veering S 
max lamp 19C(66F). 

Edinburgh, Dwtae, Ataerdi . 
bow. Central Highlands, Argyd, NE 
Scotland: Cloudy, rain or thunderstorms, 
■toteyrtring out; wind NEig W. max temp 

Moray Firth, ME Scntiand, Orkney: 

- ^ *" * ■ - Mr 

wind NE moderate; max amp ' . 

Shetland: Mainly dry. bright 

wind E. moderate or fresh; max tamp 13C 

Outlook tar to morrow end Tl aesda y: 
changeable with sunny Mentos and 
showers, heavy hi places- Generate 
warm , but cool and misty on coasts at 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sew Wind E to 
SE force 4 or force 5: thundery sho w ers; 
■vtsMty moderate with tog patches: see 
sflght to moderate. Strait of Dover, 
English ChannelfE): Wind E veering S 
force 1-3 or force 4; thundery showers; 
moderate with f 

sflght St George's Channel, Irish Seae 
WmflSE force 1*3 or force A* IfxsidoryraJn 

High Tides 

or showers; vlsbifity moderate; sea 

Sun i 
4.44 am 


922 pm 

n Moon sets: Moon rises: 

651 am 1156 pm 
Last quarter June 29 

MMix aky: be- blue sky and cloud: e- 
cloudy: o overcast: r-fog: d drizzle: h- 
nail: m-mlst: r-raln: s-snow; tjv- 
■hundersionn: p- showers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
wedimph) circled. Temperature 






London Bridge 



















































































HBford Haven 



































Soulluu upton 




















Tide measured In metres: 1m-3380CtL 

Around Britain 

Parliament today 

Commons (2J0K Debates on 
estimates relating to long-term 
unemployed and Manpower 
Services Commission corporate 
plan and on the environment 
and Property Services Agency. 

Lords (2.30); Wages Bill 
committee, first day. 

The pound 

Bank Bank 

Buys Sens 

Australia S 2292 2.152 

Austria Sen 2450 2350 

BeMumFr 72.10 CO 

CanwSs 2.T3S 2535 

Denmark Kr 1257 1252 

FHandMkk 851 7.71 

France Fr 11.14 1059 

Germany Dm 35£ 132 

Greece Dr 21B.00 20440 

Hong Kong S 11.90 11.40 

(retold ft 1.162 1-1(0 

Italy Lira 2395.00 Z&SJB0 

Japan Yen 26200 24850 

Netheriands Old 353 3.74 

Norway Kr 11.86 11.28 

Portugal Esc 234.00 22340 

South Africa Rd SJ0 400 

Spain Pis 22250 21150 

Sedan Kr „ 1«* 1^71 

SmtmfandPr 2577 2.727 

USAS 155 1.48 

Yugoslavia Dnr 58050 54050 

Rates tor small oanorntnawm Bank nous 
only as suppued by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Dillorem rates apply io travellers 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price Index: 386 

London: The FT mex closed down 15J 


New YWk: Tha Dow Jones eidustaal 
average ctosw 11x28 down at 1.8&4J2® 

Times Portfolio Gom rules arc ax 

1 Timi'j Portfolio is free. Purchase 
of The Times is not a condition of 
lakinu part 

2 Times Poruouo Usl comprises a 

aroatf at public companies whose 

shares are listed on me Slock 
Exchange and quoted in The Times 
siock Exchange pnees page. The 
companies comprising thal list will 
change from day to day. The Its! 
rwiuch b numbered i - odi b tfivtoea 
Into four randomly distributed groups 

ol II shares. Every Portfolio card 

contains two numbers Hum each 

group and each card contains a 

unique «l of numbers. 

3 Times Portfolio "dividend' will be 
the ftOufe in pence which represents 
me Optimum movement In prices ti e. 
I be largest increase or lowest loss) of a 
combination of eigni ttwo from each 
randomly dnirtbulcd group wiuun the 
44 snaresi of Ure 44 shares which on 
anl one day comprise The Tunes 
Portfolio Ini 

4 The daily dividend will be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
Saturday in The Tunes 

5 Tunes Portfolio list and details of 
the daitv er weekly dividend will also 
be available for inspection at the 
office* of The Times. 

6 ir The overall price movement of 
more than one rombmallon of shares 
etjuais (he dividend, me prize will be 
eaually divided among lb* claimants 
holding those combinations of shares. 

7 All claims are subiecr io scrutiny 
before Payment Any Times Portfolio 
card uui is defaced, tampered witn or 
mcorrcciiy pruned m any way wui be 
declared toid 

9 Employees ol News International 
Me and its subsidiaries and or 
Europnnl Group Limited f producers 
and disinnutors of the cardi or 
mnnbrra of ihcir immediate families 
a-'e nu 1 allowed to play Times 

9 All parunpanis will be sublet! to 
itoese Rules ajj mstruenom on "how* 
io Mas" and ■now la claim" whether 
published in The Times or in Times 
Portfolio cards win be deemed io be 
port ol Ihese Rules Th# Eduar 
reiwncs Ihc ngni io amend the Rules. 
^ 10 in any dispute. The Editors 
dcciuon is final and no correspon- 
dence will be entered uno 

it if for any reason The Times 
Prices Pape Is nor published in the 
normal way Times Portfolio will be 
suspended for mat day 

Hew to play - Dafly DMdand 
On each day your unkiue set of eight 

numbers will represent commercial 

and Industrial shares published in The 

Times Portfolio I HI which wui appear 
on the Slock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided nest to 
your shares note the price change <+ 
or •>. In pence, as published In that 
day’s Times. 

After IMlnq the price changes of 
your eight shares for tfui day. add op 
an elgm share changes Io gtve you 
you r overall total pros or minus i + or 

Ttm nsPon roll o dividend 

the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share of Uw total 
pme money stated for thal day and 
must claim your prtec as Instructed 

Haw io pin - weekly Dtridend 

Monday Saturday 

record your daily 

Portfolio total 
Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches the published 
weekly dividend Itgure you have won 
ouiriohl or a share of the prtw money 
staled for that week, amt must claim 
your prize as instructed below 


How ip date 


.It between 

NO CUhm ran he accepted oowde theca 

You must have your card with you 
when you telephone 
H you are unable lo telephone 
someone else can claim on your behalf 
bul they mini have your card and call 
The Time* Portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated times 
No responsibility nn to accented 
tor failure to contact the office 

for any reason within the stated 

The above instructions are ap- 
plicable to both daily and weekly 
dividend claims 

Lighting-up time 

London 952 pm to 4.14 ant 
Bristol 10.01 pm to 4.24 am 
EriMiurgti 1053 pm to 357 am 
Manchester 10.12 pm to 4.11 am 
Penance 1056 pm to 4^43 am 


Sun Ran 
hrs in 

Scatboro - .03 
BridBngton 0 2 .01 
Cromer 5.7 
Lowestoft G.6 
Clacton 4.4 - 

M aiuMe 
Folkestone 35 - 


C F 

12 54 dull 
14 57 duB 
17 63 sunny 

17 63 sonny 

18 6o cloudy 
16 61 dug 

Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
ctoud; f. fan r. ram; s, son. 

Cf C F 

c U57 Guernse y r 1254 
c 1355 hncmess s 1050 
c 14 57 Jersey c 1355 
c 1661 London c 17 63 
Carttfl c 1661 M’nchater c 1457 
Etotirorgii c 1050 Newc as tle c 1152 
Glasgow r 1050 R*nMsway c 1457 




Yesterday: Temp: max 6 am to Bom. 19C 
(66F) ; mm 6 pm to 8 am.12C (54F). 
Hunidny: 6 pm, 82 «r cant Rain: 24hrto 
6 pm, trace. Sum SW hr to 6 pm, 24hr. 
Bar. mean sea level. 6 pro. 
mil&are. faUng. _ 

1.000 mtffibare=2&53)n. 












- 05 
lfi .01 
03 .19 
1.0 Z? 
Ifi 50 
05 .20 
1.0 J33 
15 50 

1.7 .34 
45 51 
3.4 55 
5.9 .43 
55 .73 
35 .82 
3.4 52 
31 .89 
65 .76 

1.8 j48 

20 68 
18 64 

18 64 

19 66 
18 64 
18 64 
18 64 
IB 64 
18 64 

18 64 

19 66 
18 64 

18 64 

19 66 
18 64 
17 63 

17 63 

18 61 
15 58 











Sun Rate Max 

hrs in C F 
Urwuinbe 25 50 17 63 

Tenby 35 54 17 63 

£°*»r”Bay J5 - IS fll 

•torecarotje 2.6 .08 18 64 

Dougina 1.4 55 13 55 

L««en 2A - 19 66 

27 .03 18 61 
0.4 IT 16 61 
15 50 17 63 
45 - T7 63 

2-7 39 17 63 
3.0 .17 18 64 
2.4 53 17 63 
0.1 .0* 13 55 
11.1 - IB 64 




Eakdateiugir 85 
Prestwick 14.7 

Glasgow 8.4 

£*»e 16.6 

Stornoway 16fi 

Lerwick 45 

Wk* 8.9 

KWos* 155 

Aberdeen 12.7 

17 63 
21 70 
17 63 
IT 63 

17 63 

11 52 

12 54 

18 61 
IS 59 


























Highest and lowest 



temp. Hontegran, 
_ . day max: St Abb's 
Head; IOC (50F) : highest rabrialt 
Guernsey. 0.67 in; highest sunshine: 
Stornoway. 134 hr. 

C F 

25 77 Cologne 

26 79 Cahign 

27 81 Corfu 
31 88 Dubln 

Our address 


Atco’drta s 
Algiers s 
Amsfdm s 
A thens s 
Bahrain s 
Baroahu s 
Beirut- a 


c ? 

C 24 75 Majorca 
6 JB 64 Mmsm 
6 30 86 MaSr 

f 29 84 M8an 

Inrormauon for lnriuskui in. The 
Times Information service should be 
sent to: The Editor. TV IS. The Times. 
PO Box T. 1 Virginia street. London. 
El 9XN 

tH ar ri a 
Bottle *31 



ftee Printed by London Pool tPrnu- 
era* Limited of I Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN Tuesday. June 20. 

* * ,wwapaper * 

B Abus' 

Cape Tn 

34 93 Ftaronce 
„ Frankftai 
24 75 Furchai 
27 81 Gttwra 
24 75 Qfaraker 
21 70 Hatabiki 

Hong K 

20 69 tam£rok 

21 70 Istanbul* 
14 57 Jeddah 
24 75 JoTjurg* 


iiSSSSSf 8 25 77 

1 16 61 NraflM 

3 26 79 N Yorir 
3 75 Mce 

6 37 99 Oslo 


s 28 82 

0 21 70 ^ 

! 25 77 Mutfaj 

A. 2 ? Z 3 Wirotih 

C F 

s 25 77 Rome* 
s 29 84 Satzfaura 
s 31 BsIftSm* 
c 11 52 Santego- 
r 23 73 Seoul 
a 28 82 

24 75 .. 

11 52 L 

33 91 Uabon 
21 70 Lwnm 

Cb’ctaach c 13 

11 52 Stiaab'ig 
s S 7S S ydn ey 
C 17 63 Tender 

3 if S 

1 S SI** 41 ® 

l g » Tokyo 
8 §3 73 Toronto* 

S 2l 70 Timm 
«) 17 63 Valencia 
I 27 f Vanc'ver 
1 Venice 

8 ?S t . Jtoroa 

c Jg 50 Warsaw . .. 

8 26 79 Waalrton* s 30 86 

5 amnion • 11 52 

8 39102 Zurich s 28 32 

C F 
fl 25 77 
f 26 79 
s 21 70 
( 11 52 
f 23 72 
f 26 79 
I 31 88 
f 18 64 
S 30 86 
S 14 57 
C 21 70 
s 28 62 
s 24 75 
c 24 75 
s 28 82 
S 31 88 
3 30 86 

t 18 84 
E 27 81 
( 22 72 
( 17 

U m J 

Li n qui 




^kard^ 1 


tr Qlltg- 

' Wv tUkl: 

'". and a. 

H -2t 
'« *«ii£ 


FT 30 Share 


1622.8 (-14.4). 


USM (Datastream) 

123:4 (+0.36) 


US Dollar . 

1 -5025 (+0.0010) . 

W German mark 

3.3731 (+0.0082) 


75.7 (same) 

cash call 

Ibstock Jobnsen, the! brick 
manufacturer, is shoring up its 
finances by asking' sharehold- 
ers for £323 mBlion. They are 
being asked to subscribe for a 
one-for-four rights issue at 
148 p. . . 

The company says that h 
has spent £37 zruibon on new 
plant in Britain and the Unit- 
ed States in the past three ' 
years and that ft needs the 
cash to trim its borrowings 

It adds that prospects look 
good, with production and 
sales ahead pf the same time 
last year. The shares were lOp 
tower at 168p. 


Bedford to axe 1,700 jobs 
after losses rise to £73m 

Bedford Trucks, the British 
commercial vehicle arm of 
General Motors, yesterday an- 
nounced 1985 losses of £73 
mniion and said that 1,700 
jobs would be axed at the 
pants at Luton and Dunstable 
in Bedfordshire. 

The job losses were expect- 
ed, after the collapse " of 
merger talks between GM and 
ihe state-controlled 
i-and Rover-Leyland earlier 
this year. The American com- 
pany raid that in the lace of 
widespread overcapacity in 
the European truck and van 
industry, Some rationalization 
was inevitable.. •• • 

GM' said it had been re- 
evaluating the position of the 
[ Dunstable truck plant since 
the talks with the Government 
broke down three months ago. 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

nv^m >I wS C ?mi!S P u “ lab to workforce of 7300 get costs down, make better 
ffl5iJLSS“LS t0 lS?r Ut m vehicles and w compete in the 

I remain in British tiv'elypainhSl/berausemore Bedford’s IM5 results show 
- Even ./ the deal had than dial turnover rose from 

«cceKfiiI.n is likely that aged 55 or over uX £335.9 million in 1984 w £401 
id, whose products and company's voluntary senara- million and its total unit sales 
-oWer. than lion Scheme, a 55-yea£3d «** 28.5 per cent from 

id would have been with 25 yeart* sero^S 47 ’ 958 w 6I - 64 ^- T*® totaI 

In dimranftntvan/IN., - _ -» W K* W1U l™ Ml i mHliM i. 

The deal collapsed when the 
Government was unable to 
devise a formula which would 
satisfy MPs that Land Rover 
would remain in British 
hands. Even if the deal had 
been successful, it is likely that 
Bedford, whose products and 
factories are older than 
Leyland's, would have been 
forced to shut capacity and lay 
off workers. 

Bedford said yesterday it 
hoped all the redundancies 
could be achieved by . early 
retirement or voluntary sepa- 
ration. They will fail mainly at 
Dunstable, where 520 jobs will 
go, and at the Luton van plant, 
which is to lose 660 jobs. A 
further 340 will be lost at the 
Luton press shops. 

The redundancies will re- 
duce the combined Luton and 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Banks ready for fight 
on financial services 

receive 75 weeks' pay and a 
30-year-old with 12 yearn' 
service gets 34 weeks' pay. The 
average wage at Bedford is 
£130 a week. 

Mr Eric Fountain. GM"s 
atrwtor of public affaire, said: 
“Bedford Tracks is losing 
money at the rate of about 
£13 million a week and 
immediate action had to be 
taken to redress the balance. 

“Our sole objective is to 
make it a better company, to 

24 .companies launch drive 
to increase British exports 

Bv Our Tratimtir-iol .... 


ill; t 

t Shepard sold 

Hanson Industries is 
Shepard Clothing, a US manu- 
facturer of men’s suits, to a 
group of investors, which 
includes the management, for 
£22 million. Last year the 
business made pretax profits 
of £5.7 million on turnover of 
£30 million. Hanson says the 
sale now takes it out of the 
volatile men’s clothing 

Dividend up 

Brown. Tawse, the distri- 
bution company. lifted profits 
from £536 . million to £ 5.73 
million before lax in the year 
to March 3 !. Turnover was up 
from £91.1 million to £103 
million and the final dividend 
is 5p, up from 4.5p. : 

Tempos, page 23 

Avana up 

Senior executives from 24 
leading British companies yes- 
terday launched the govern- 
ment-backed Movement for 
International Trade, a body 
committed* to finding and 
exploiting “market-led, worid- 
oeating products” for the 
1990s and to spearheading a 
new British industrial export 

The MTT, said to comple- 
ment rather than compete 
with the efforts of established 
institutions such as the Con- 
federation of British Industry 

flimc tn "rinnl ttu, • - I 

gaud themselves as British 

The MIT committee set up 
yesterday comprises Sir Peter. 
Mr Peter Dempsey, chief exec- 
utive of the consultants 
Ross more -Warwick, Mr 
Campbell Dunford, director 
of Midland Bank, Mr Ian 
Harvey, chief executive of the 
fetish Technology Group. 
Mr Geoff Shingles, managing 
director of Digital Equipment 
Corporation, and Mr Peter 
van Cuylenbnrg, managing 
director of Texas Instruments. 

Mr van Cuy Jen burg, one of 
the chief instigators of the 
MIT, said many organ m. , 

tinnc •nrhhii;... j - 

The food manufacturer 
Avana Group reported pretax 
profits of£2(L2 milhbutor the 

SSS^JSA £$ ^ SirPeta^arlrar: Need t Mr van Cuylenburg^ne 5 
Industry, for internationalism the chief instigatore of the 

and* not disappointed. Forty com- Mrr * said many oraaniza- 
comtSiSS had been invited to-the tions, institutions andtodi- 

Sn^SSm founders meeting and he was ^duals in Britain were 

encouraged that 20 had now attempting to find solutions to 
otoOT to identify opportu- expressed a wish to become the short-term problems faS 
«r*i. in !£ ,ved - “8 industry such as those 

METataiJ2Sh?thLw5 The MIThas attracted large associated with exchange 

Amencan multinational elw- rales, the European Monetary 
ma^ b? thJ “SSSLiS corporations such as System, interest rates, 

SthdrawaT of TeraInstraroents,IBM,Dig. settlements, skill shortages 

Smenti^-fhunSft ^.Equipment and Hewfett and tanif barriers. Butthe 
Smnani« Packard and manufacturers tong-tenn issues needed to be 

Sd 1 JEK J r “?*! as Ford, and some big addressed as well 

ready conducting Jo^lS P &S , riM? U< Ifri ^ 10 ^ by 

marketing studies. and SriS ICL co, 2f uc *M a synthesis of 

Sir Peter Parker, chairman Sir ^ w ° rid trade m specific product 

of the Pritish .IntS^f 

r of the PritishlistiSae who JSSitSr-*** y}XHty r- 

profits of£2d2 milfioii^or the Managementarid chairman of mem £ manage- 95 period, followed by ere- months ahead, has been weak 

year to March 29WS6. up3L6 ’MET* >pi*msib«al -steering , JSSmSSS? al ?l ofr S? ««» teams month 

per cent onlast year. Turnover -oommlti^ declined ib name )J^ wo « ld Klenufy not only 25 1 9 e ? n feJ ,l “ rB,c,wd 

was up 4.6 per cent and the the dropouts, but said he was nSLSJ wned multi- products but also the neces- decll . DC J s becoming more 

dividend. ‘was increased by- ^ tatfonals in this country re - sary technology and capability. fimd y. .based, Govenimem 

n K. Vi. ■ 1 *W - ■ , m m — j SlatMtinanC hpliova 

95 period, followed by cre- 
ation of-r-the action team? 

. iuiuivii uiiw ibi ivuu viuft «n*»va 

!,“T rose by 28.5 per cent from 
47,958 to 61,646. The total 
i ' loss rose from £62.4 million in 
, 1984. In the first five months 
of this year, Bedford’s truck 
■ exports were down 44 per cent 
and domestic sales down 24 
fs percent. 

•fc Mr Paul Tosh, Bedford's 
] g chief executive and general 
manager, said volume growth 
ld last year had been achieved in 
£ the light van sector but was 
offset by a (tecline In domestic 
° sales of more profitable heavy 
° vans and trucks. 

point to 
. downturn 

By David Smith 
' Economics Correspondent 

Growth in the economy has 
weakened, according to the 
Government’s cyclical indica- 
tors for the economy, pub- 
lished yesterday. There are 
also tentative signs of a further 
downturn in ihe economy. 

The cyclical indicators, 
which attempt to chart move- 
ments in the economy over 
the business cycle, have been 
displaying a confiised picture 
in recent months. 

However, the inclusion of 
first quarter gross domestic 1 
product figures into the indi- 1 
cators supports the view that * 
the economy hit a growth peak 
just .oyer 1 2 months ago, and < 
has been on a weaker growth c 
path since then. 

The coincident index has 
fallen steadily since May 1 985. v 

economy may have been even £ 
earlier than this, officials said, 
when allowance is made for a 
the effects of the coal strike. si 
The shorter leading index h 
for the economy, which is a 
predictor of turning points six o 

mnnihr U*. i ■ . 

dividend was increased bv 
0.75p to 12p. ' ■: 

Tempos, page 23 

Opec optimism 

Sheikh Ahmed Yamani, the 
Saudi Arabian ofl minister, 
said yesterday /he expected 
progress on Opec agreement 

LIT plans 

By Clare Dobie 

I Eleco rejects £25m bid 
from Whitecroft 

By Our City Staff 

-J • —— Vrtj^vivw ^ __ _1_ 

progress on Opec agreement By Clare Dobie Whitecroft, the Cheshire Tom Weatherby says 

Jot production sharing when Loudon Property-to-hghting group, the company's rate of return on 

the organization meets in whichfathelaSS^L^ ,auncbed ® 125 million bid shareholder;’ funds is twice 
Yugoslavia starting JS5 T^day forEIeco Holdings, that of Eleco. He added thS 

tomorrow. ^^Tto mmrSe^h 30 ^dustnal firm involved in Whitecroft would probably 

; QpecspMt, page 23 ^Xhe two chairmen ™ 

^°£ 1 i SJump ■■■ffsswsis rff3ss?« 

IUtogworth, Morris, the John Arthur th^ rejected by Eleco as made- to forecast the company’s 

woo! manufacturer of m ^ 0 f fl^and unacceptable. results for the year endingnext 

its kind in Europe, made Whnecroft ^ ofie^g a ^ 

pretax profits of £6. 1 8 million three-for-five share swap to Mr Webster indicated 

in year tothe end of March kL SS£?~ ^ ue ^eco shares at 147p. Deco’s defence would refer to 

- up from £4.14 mdhon. K awfi^ Heco shares, which jumped Whitecroft’s unspectacular iS 
Tempos, page 23 ^ P - P ^e M^es^Tr “■ ^ for the ^ 

___ _ cniiH wir nounced a bid approach, yes- also issued yesterday. These 

JTEC^ flrirpc nn service to stod^mart-w torday adited 9p to 150p after showed pretax profits down 

Up ^nmee to stock market uves- touching 153p. Whitecroft £200.000 at £7.3 million^iiS 

Consumer prices m the EEC LIT set un an intematuMMi J P finnerat245p. earnings per share falling from 

ssaaftaSaSSS - ^T ^ ^ 19410 19p - 

EBSEESt Dko, « Serifs Profits 

pretax profits of £6. 1 8 million marke 

in the year to the end of March SS, l!f faDg ? n . 
— ud from fA m ^ lower com m is si 

! wuch is the largest dearer of 
futures and options in Chica- 
ga plans to compete with 
London's . traditional stock- 
brokers and jobbers dealing in 
British equities after the big 

Mr John Arthur, the chair- 
man of LIT, said yesterday: 
“In the futures markets we are 
used to working on substan- 

that of Deco. He added that 
Whitecroft would probably 
sell some of Deco's property 

Deco's m ana g ing director, 
Mr Michael Webster, declined 
to forecast the company’s 
results for the year ending next 

Mr Webster indicated 
Deco's defence would refer to 

« on May, 

1985, according to Eurostat, 

Hawley buy KSSK 

it. w- i. . . . .. Fxrhnnw 

xiawiey buy I London International Ftaturcs 

Mr Michael Ashcroft's Ex 5 hai ^ e - 
Hawley Group is mopping up In l ° e year to March 31, 
the Home Counties Cleaning pmo* profits rose .by 1 2. per 

r~ * _ . . . .1:9 rv»nt t/s CA » •• r“ 

me Home Counties Oeaning 
Group m a deal worth £4^ 

Rotaflex ‘No’ - 

Roiaflex yesterday rejected 
.Emess Ughtingls increased 
and final £54 million bid as 
wholly inadequate. 

c w ■ws.MT II. OCT 

t0 ntiffioh, but that 
rellected a squeeze on margins 
! D Ctocago. Turnover was up 
Py.,.. 35 Per cent to £35.3 
-million.-. . . 

The final dividend is being 
raised from. 0-72p to 0.83p 
taking the toial from l.l6p to 
1.3p. ,?■ ■ - | 


Dixons Group has renewed 
its call on Woolworth Hold- 
ings to reveal the net profits 
and return on investment it 
makes from the new look 
Focus stores. 

Dixons yesterday said sales 
in Focus departments may be 
showing an increase of only 8 
per cent over the same period 
last year, as against the 29 per 
cent over two years claimed by 
Woolworth. It also said the 
gross profit, up 40 per cent 

By Alison Eadie 

over two years, appeared to be 
up only 8.5 per cent last year. 

A Woolworth director, Mr 
Nigel Whittaker, replied that 
the proof of the Focus pudding 
was in the profit forecast made 
by Woolworth, which expects 
a doubling of retailing profit in 
the Woolworth chain this 
year. He added that Dixons 
had yet to reveal facts and 
figures about its Ramrod 

y gm ~ — mint 

y urmly based. Government 
_ statisticians believe. 

■ The main exception to the 
I gloomy picture provided by 
the indicators has been the 
performance of the longer 
leading index — which looks 
12 months ahead — and which 
has been rising for most of this 
s year because of the strength of 
Q share prices. 

e Last month, however, it 
j turned down as share prices 
y feU back. But officials said that 
y it is loo early to say that this is 
firm evidence of impending 
t weakness in the economy. 

; CBI ‘agnostic’ 
on plans for 
third market 

. The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry, the employers’ 
oigamzation, yesterday dis- 
missed reports that it is op- 
posed to the Stock Exchange's 
plans to set up a third market 
to capture the over-the- 
counter market. 

A CBI spokesman said the 
organization had derided that 
The timing wasn’t right to 
endorse the third market 
because our member firms are 
not yet in a position to assess 
the changes in the City as a 
result of big bang. We haven’t 
said yes or no.” 

The Stock Exchange's pro- 
posals for the third market, 
which will allow new and 
existing unquoted companies 
to be quoted on its SEAQ 
computerized price informa- 
tion system, were sent out to 
members and interested par- 
ties last month. 

theTn^?? ’ b * ut n hsads towards 


of it and. if they have theirwav there 

“^stor-protection is compfe™ f0r 
objections are founded 
on a single and sweeping criticism of 
the way the Securities and Investment 
Board has been guiding the debate 
Everything the SIB has done sofar 
they, claim, has been geared? fa 
specialist institutions, suchas insur- 
ance companies and investment 

ShK?fS? ent Crms - 'They take lamen- 
tably little account, according to the 

position of generalists, 
»uch as the clearing banks, which li£ 
o « themselves as all things to all 
nen and are increasingly willing to 
ell almost any kind of financial 
ervice to the public. 

There was considerable relief 
inong the banks when the Govem- 
oent rejected a motion supporting the 
IB proposal for a register of invest- 
ment salesmen. They argued that to 
jgistereach individual salesman with 
le main regulatory authority went 
gainst the spirit of the bill, which 
roposes that institutions should be 
sponsible for monitoring the hon- 
ity and competence of their staff. 

A register would have caused 
nous administrative problems since 
would have included virtually all 
ink staff coming into contact with 
e public. The banks estimate that 
it of a likely 200,000 salesmen 
gistered, 50,000 would have been 
string bank staff. 

Moreover, clearing bank staff turn- 
er is rapid, so the process of 
nstantly adding and erasing names ! 
»m the register would have been an 1 
necessary headache. The cost ‘ 
tuld also have been large - es- 1 
rated at an initial £6 million 
lowed by a further £5 million l 
mally to fund the whole register. A * 
tstantial proportion of this would 1 
re fallen on the banks. t 

rhe register had other powerful r 
xjnents, such as the National «> 
isumer Council and the Office of 1-1 
r Trading, but there are fears that it s 

be revived in the Lords. There are a 

gestions that a number of Self- » 
Miatory Organizations will try to cl 
ltute rasters of their own even if ac 
SIB does not. 

urther discussion is also needed th 
r the issue of cold calling. Accord- A 
to Paul Tillett, of the British fo 
kers Association: “The current ha 
H.wi>osaIs are a nonsense. We cannot in: 
believe that it is really the intention of pr 
tne authorities to produce this situa- wi 
non, but we have had no assurance 
from the SIB yet The bill needs ch: 
changmghere.” dii 

TTie problem is that the bill defines go- 
cold calling as being an unsolicited of> 
oral communication by a salesman on i 
an investment matter other than life 
assurance and unit trusts. Taken tra 

hteraily — and that is the only way the arP 

banks can take it at present - this 35 

d means that a bank manager cannot 
e discuss investment options with a 
s client unless the client himself brings 
e up the subject of each separate 
y investment With such restraints, the 
v 5? ank man 38cr would be prevented 
« from doing his job. 

2 Added to this, is the problem of 
> polarization: the bill lays down that 
r salesmen must be either brokers or 
agents selling a single company's 
I products. This puts the clearing 
f banks, whose staff do both, in an 
i impossible position. 

. All the big four cleaners own 
insurance broking and unit trust 
companies; Barclays and Lloyds also 
own their own life companies. The 
problem comes not with individual 
subsidiaries, but when their products 
are sold, as they often are, through the 
bank s main-branch network. The 
current proposals would presumably 
mean banks would have to stop selling 
products of companies other than 
their own through their branches. 

The banks are, on the whole, 
optimistic of reaching a compromise 
g?J Points. “We hope that the 
sits will not insist on imposing the 
polanzauoH rules rigidly,” says Mr 
Tillett. Depending on how flexible the 

Ka eS 1 "2i 1 l ° be \ the problem could 
be solved by finding different solu- 
tions for each bank, taking its particu- 
lar circumstances into account. 

J*l* e y are less optimistic on three 
other issues still under discussion. In 
March, the SIB published a stack of 
rules governing the conduct of busi- 
ness with investors, many of which 
seemed highly inappropriate for clear- 
ing banks. 

There was, for instance, much 
emphasis on customer-agreement let- 
ters, but the banks are not keen on 
having to send regular letters to each 
ol their 25 million customers. This 
issue will only be discussed once the' 
cold calling and polarization Ques- 
tions have been settled. 

The banks are also asking to be 
given a statutory indemnity against 
the misuse of funds by investment 
managers, similar to the indemnity 
they have under the Banking Art 
regarding solictors’ funds. Like solic- 

ltnrs invpctmnnt Mi , 

itors, investment managers will be 
required to keep their clients’ fimds in 
separate accounts. Banks are worried 
about being sued by clients of 

oK^ tra fi nl ^ J w *“ ch mishandle 
client funds held in the banks’ 

.uTS 1 * “.deling among the banks 
mat they wtil not get their way on this. 

m? 1 P uts ,t: “ft * s convenient 
tor the SIB and the Government to 
have us acting as policemen and 
insurers of investors’ money. They are 
probably quite pleased to see us stuck 
with some liability.” 

There is equally little hope of 
changing the proposals giving two 
different sets of supervisory rules - 
governing money market transactions 
of different sizes. 

fr crucial foreign exchange 
market, for instance, the rules on 
transactions of more than £500,000 
are different from those on smaller 

6 Another excellent year with 
increased balance sheet strength 
to support our development plans. 9 


New York 

Dow Jones 18843S [- 15 ^© 

Tokyo ■ ’ 

Nikkei Dow 17457JB& (+3.03) 

Hong Kong: 

1777.15 (-3J89) 

Amsterd a m; Gen (+1.0) 

SytjnejfiAO 1214A<+0,1) 

Commerzbank 197&9 (*Z7j) 


General. — : 642.06 f- 

Paris: CAC 340.8 

Paris: CAC 

SKA General 

London dosing prices 

- ^ Wi,L Hies last month. 

ft 2m purchase ofMilletts 
by Sears ‘Is not a rescue’ 

t * w 

Highlights of the year 
Pre-tax profit up 20% 

Earnings per share up 19% 

Capital expenditure up 36% 

Summary of results 1986 

Sales £285m 

Profit before tax £42.1m 

Ronald A. B. Miller, C.B.E., Chairman 



Bank Base: 10% 

3-mwrth Interbank 
3-nwnth eBdWe WUs^Ss M % 

PrrmeRataB^0% - 
Federal Funds 6 ,3 irtt 

_ 24L 

3&-j«ar Bonds sPht&n ' . 


BAT Industries 

Mercury Int 

Dsefan„ ; 


TV Serives 

Conroy Pet 

Thomson T-Une 

^toracot Hotels ;i05p 


^toyallnsitfance ' B42 p(-ssbi 

^ehannefTiloei: StffSp) 

L . .By Lawrence Lever 

The corporate appetite for yesterday's announcement, 
an increased high street pres- The shares jumped 40p to 
ejke received a small satisfac- 225p. before easing to 215p at 
tion yesterday when Sears, the dose, 
whose interests include Dolcis, Both sides denied that the 

SeUridges and William Hffi, move for Milletts was a rescue, 
the bookmaker, bonght Milletts last month annomced 
MiUetis Leisure Shops, the a pretax trading loss of £1.72 
camping and leisure dothing million before sales of fixed 
group, for £12 million. assets converted this to a 

The acquisition wifi add 122 marginal £15,000 pretax pref- 
Milletts shops, each In a h. At the same time the 
different town, to the 64 company announced (hat it 
Mfiletls outlets owned by had received an approach; Mr 

Sparc. i j... 


£ $15025 
£: DM33731 
£: SwFrl.7901 
E FFr10.7854 
£ Yen252.l9 


£: SI 5175 
S: DM22450 - 
.& Index: 1153 

ECU. £0.636643 
SDR £0.774431 

London Fhthg: 


^|*340^341.00 (£2284)0- 

New Y otic 

Comex S34T.1 0-341 .60 


; The all-share Sears offer, 
recomntended by the MiBetts 
board, has already been ac- 
cepted by the chairman; Mr 
Aten MUlett, ami his family 
interests who, between them, 
speak for 5634 per cent of the 
company’s share capital. . 

“ — — tru 

Mfllett said yesterday that the 
main reason for the deal was 
that be had wanted to retire 
“and place the company into 
very much stronger hands.* 1 

He declined to be drawn on 
the question of who ap- 
proached whom, pointing out 
that discussions originated 

Sears b offering Milletts throngh the offices of 
Leisure shareholders II new Grieveson Grant, the broker to 

Caaio<uu. (j., hnri, mmnaniae 

Sears shares for every six, 
valuing Milletts’ shares at 

4^0— • _ . . ■ ‘ A _ _ 

both companies. 

Mr Milled said; “It fa not a 

. T “ mi l'uuHLKiiy; UfiOVta 

against she I85p they rescue operation. It is purely 
stood at immediately before in the best interests of the 

shareholders and the employ- 
ees of the company.” 

Mr MiDett^ who built up 
MOletts on foundations laid by 
his father and now holds 24.41 
per cent of the company, is to 
step down from the MiBetts 
board “by mutual consent.** 

Mr Geoffrey Maitland 
Smith, chairman of Sears, said 
yesterday that Milletts’ trad- 
ing problems had stemmed 
from its acquisition of 53 
camping and leisurewear 
shops from Wakefield Stores 
in April. 15184. Milletts closed 
35 of these shops last year. 

He poimed oat that, in its 
last financial year, Sears mad? 
a pretax profit of £1 million mi 
the 64 Milletts shops which it 
had owned for 10% months. 
Apart from the benefit of now 
having “122 towns where we 
hare not been represented,'* 
Mr Maitland Smith stressed 
the cost savings of bring able 
to integrate two warehouses 
and two head offices. 

Earnings per share 
Dividend per share 



. 1.9S5 
£35. lm 



Dawson International is Scotland’s leading textile group. Best 
known for its luxury knitwear, in recent years the Group has 
broadened its spread of interests into other speciality textile 
areas — both geographically and in product terms. 

Copies of the Annual Report, containing the Chairman’s Statement, 
may be obtained from the Secretary, Dawson International pic, 
Kinross, KYI 3 7DH, Scotland. 

Dawson International 

Quality from start to finish 

FlMAlsCfc .AINU ll*L)USliH. 


# -i. RORE f GN EXCHAN'G ES,; 

Vm \«rk (AP-Dow Jones) 
- Share prices finished loner 

in moderate trading yesterday 
as the biu* chip sector surren- 
dered most of the gains 
achieved late on Friday. 

Part of ;.«sterda>'$ selling 
was attributed to futures-relat- 
ed "sell" while 
virtually all of Friday's sharp 

blue-chip sains vere reported 
ro be linked with the dose-out 
uf trading in June stock index 

furores, index options and 
individual stock options. 

Some market participants, 
nevertheless, said that they 
were selling for more funda- 
mental reasons. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average fell bv 15.28 points to 
1.864.26. ‘ 

Narrow premiums ou some 
stock index futures triggered 
some arbitrated -selT plans 
in the final hour of trading, 
sharpening the losses in the 
industrial average. 



iiii« &<v iai 

fi'i.25 Sirs 
aiii« Chimrs 

Ana# Inc 
Ax n-3 Hs 
ART CjfRRl fl 
Am El Pv#r 
Am Expres i 
Am Heme 
Am Meters 
Am Si prd 

Ann co Sieel 
AsnianO CN 
A: Ricnheid 
Avon Prods 
BXre Tsi kv 
S anwmer 
B!> 01 BSIO" 
Sank Of NY 
Bern Sled 
5g Warner 
Eiisi Mvers 

Bun ion ind 
Bun ion M:n 
CmoOeft Sp 
Can Pacii'C 

Cf lerpt/i-jr 
Central S'.V 


Cnase Man 
On 9k NY 

Clark Equip 

Coca Cda 



C'lmbia Gas 
Cmn in Eng 
Comwitn Ed 
Cons Ed>s 
Cn riai Gas 
Con? Power 
Cntn Cats 
Cominq Gl 
CPC inn 
Cm ZeBer 
Dan S Kraft 
Belli Air 
Deiioi; Ed 
Digital Eg 
Dow Oem 
Dresser ind 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Esim Kodak 
Heron Coro 
Emerson 0 
Exxon Corn 
fed Dpi Sts 













55 J . 










Phelps Dge 






PtnliD Mrs 



*r> ( 



FTra/rps Pat 


4* . 







65 4 .i 



ft WBcnva 



PPG hid 

63 t 





34 ’i 



76 - '. 




PS S E & G 


3S < 

Gen Core 





75 * 


RCA Coro 



Gen Buomr 



Ryn/as Me! 

49 «v 


7= J l 

?n : . 


Rockwell int 





Gen Mills 



Royal Dutch 


7c ,- i 


89' .- 

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Sara Lee 





SFE Sopac 










32 J .i 

6J l . 





Scon Paper 


5fl k l> 

S . 


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61 1 . 



Sears Rtx* 

06 VS 



Gould Inc 



Shell Trans 











Gt An & Tac 


27 S Bk 


93 V. 

46 - 

Gr hrd 







G rum an Cor 



Sth Cal Ed 





Gull & Wa&t 

65 ‘i 


Sperry Corp 

”5 ^a 

75 'a 




Std OI Ohio 


45 Vi 






Sterling Drg 









32 •> 

57* , 

57 1 . 




Sun Comp 

4/ '.4 

45 . 


ic mas 









59' ■ 



















38- : 




Texas Insi 





Int Paper 



Texas Utiis 




im Teri Tel 





ecr > 


Irving Bank 

53 Vi 


Travlrs Cor 





Jhnsn & Jhn 



TRW me 





UAL Inc 




Ken McGee 



Unilever NV 



:9 - . 


Kmb'ly ClrK 



Un uartAde 






Un Pac Cor 




Utd Brands 


2B i 





US Steel 


39 ‘# 




UKl Technoi 






51 S 




53 'i 


28 S 

Jim Waiter 




Man H nver 



Wrner Lmtn 

57 v; 






Wells Fargo 













Manne Mid 

51 ■: 







Mrt Marietta 




80 V; 














>'erox Corp 

55 1) 

5fi :% 








23 V; 

mQ| ( 

r*o‘ , 




11 'i 






Minsla Mng 

109 ] .i 




Mobil Oil 

31 •; 









Morgan J.P. 

85 J . 









4 OS 

Alcn Alum 


42 '+ 

«! 3 , 

D-i J d 

NCR Corp 










Can Paatic 



40 . 

Nai Bislirs 









Con Bathrei 





Nat Smcndt 



Hhr/Sid Can 



30' t 

5 r. 

/Jorfo* Stfi 



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NWI Bancre 








Occidni Pe; 



Imoertal Oil 




44 ; 1 



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■So'- ■ 













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Pac Gas 0 


22 J i 








Steel Co 


24 >r 



Penney J C. 

Si 'ra 


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• :■ C\ a J..«c c '• Cli-lul'tfr. b&+: > V«'+tr <Mtc o Nm iwje F Sort M» 1 1 TradM y IfnauOttC 


Mart®: rates 
day's range 
June 23 

NVjm 1 4860-1 SOdD 
Montreal 2.062 J -2 0070 
Arts dam3 7937-3 0130 
Brussels 63.83-69 55 
C oncer 12.5173-12 5510 
CWSlrrt 1 1123-1 1 161 
Usoon 226.0J-23r.O2 
Madrid 215.69-216.72 
Milan 2308.60-2323.10 
CWo 11 4383-11.5674 

Pans 107320-10 7970 

Siktiim 10^222-109371 
Tckvo 250.S3-352.3Z 
l/iarina 2369-2398 
Zurich 2 7595-2.7BOO 

MaAet nrtea 
June 23 

1 5020-15040 

2 0827-2.0870 
12.61 08- 12.6510 
1 1135-11145 

229.06- 231.02 

2310.06- 2316 16 
105090-10 9371 

1 month 
0 38-0 35Drsm 

0- 29-0 20prem 
2*-r-1 Vvprem 

1- v.prehi 


I. 07-1 02prwn 
50-11 prem 
1T.- I2'.:d a 

J . i-1\iCto 

Sterling rose by 10 points to 
1.5925 yesterday, while its 
trade-weighted index dosed 
unchanged at 75.7. An initial 
flurry of trading reflected ad- 
justments to the dollar’s over- 
night strength on Far Eastern 


frettmfl - — . — 

Storting index compared with 1975 was same at 75.7 (day's range 7&5-7S.7). 
Bates supplied by Barclays Bank HOF6X sod EstM- Uoyds Bank IntematKmal 






Dermal* - 

West Germany ... 
Switzerland ....... 

Netherlands . 

Base Rates 
Cl«mr«i Sard's 10 
Finance House 10'v 

Discount Market Loans % 

Overnight Hign. 9‘. Low 7 

Wees freed 10 

Treasury Bills (Drecourt 

Buying Selling 

2 mn.Ti gv. 2 mo in 9'i 

3 mnlh S 1 .-. 3nBi0i9‘ift 

Prime Bank oils (Discount %1 
1 mntti 9 J 'i_'-9*’.. 2 ninth 9S-9U)* 

3 mnlh 9S-9*i» G mntti SPu-S'/, 

Trade Bills (Oecowit Sri 
Irttrlh 2mntn 105* 

3mnBi 10*. 8 ninth 9 1 *.* 

Interbank fsi 

Overnight open iQ'-v dose 3 
1 week it)' .-10 6 mnth 9'.-9H 

1 ninth lO'.-lO'ra 9 mnih 

3mnth 12 mm 9H-994 

Local Authority Deposhs (S>| 

2 days 9% 7 days 10 

t mntti 10 3 mntP 9*1 

6 mnlh 9'- iDmth 9‘.« 

Local Authothy Bonds (%i 



7 days S'-'*-7 
Smntri 7-6^’. 
7 days 4 s .-4 , i 
3 man J V-Jt# 
French Franc 
7 days n/a 
3 ninth 7V?'A 
Swiss Frans 
7davs iBh-v.- 
3 rnn'm 5*1-5^ 

7 days B'/j-fi 
3 mnth 8'-><t4* 

1 mnth 
6 mnth 

c afl 
1 mnth 
6 mnlh 
1 mnth 
6 mnth 
1 mnth 
6 mnth 
1 mnlh 
6 ninth 




4 J i-3M 





7 .e7k- t 
1 J .-'l 

6' 5 ie-6 , .» 






Hong Kong — 

Portugal .... 

Spam — 


- 1.3350-1.3380 




1.3873*1 .3883 



— .._ 6.4100^4150 

— 22665-2^875 


2 55302-55JO 










Argentina austrar _ 

Australia dollar 

Bahrain dinar 

Brazil cruzado * 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong dabr 

India rupee 


1 mnih ll}t# 
Jmnth tO’-i-TO 
9 mnth 9V9''# 
Sterfnvg CDs foi 
1 mndi ip .-S '-B 
6 mnth 

2 mnth 10'. -10 
6 mnth 9?.-S v i 
t 2 miti 9 '■-914 

3 mnth 9”<«-9" 
12 mth 9 > 'ii-9 v . 

GoW 5340.50-341 .00 
Krugerrand' (per corny 
S 340.00-341 50(9227.75-238.75) 
Sovereions - (newt 
S 81 .0042.00 (E542S-55 00 ) 
■Excludes vat 

Iraq dmar 

Kuwait dinar KO 

Malaysia dotar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand doltar -. 

Saudi Arabia rryal 

Singapore doUar 

South Africa rand 

U A E dirham 





7.7961 -7.63ST 

....... 21 3. 10-214.10 

_ 112259-112345 
. 1820-1920 

— 0.4380-0, 







5 4485-52040 


G W Joynson and Co report 

SUGAR (Pram C Czamikow) 

Auq 137 8-374 

Oa WSB-45.6 

Dec 152.0-49.0 

March 1584-58^2 

May 163.2-62-6 

Aug 168.4-67.0 

VoP 3371 



Sept 1280-79 

Dec 1320-18 

March . 1353-52 

(Way . 1277-75 

July ... . 1393-92 

Sept - 1410-08 

Vo): 4330 


July .... 1785-780 

Sept ... 1822-820 

Nov 1864-862 

Jan 1905-901 

March 1915-910 

May 1935-920 

July 1960-930 

Vd: - 2687 


Aug 124.5-24.0 

Oct „ 1242-24.61 

Dec 125.7-252, 

Fee ... 128.5-27.0 

Aprf 129.54B.0 

June. 1280-272 

Aug 12B.5-Z7.5i 

GAS on. 

July - J 1250-1225] 

Aug 114.00-13.75 1 

Sept 117.00-16 75 

Oa 120.00-19.75 

Nov 12200-21.50 

Dec 124.50-20.00 

Jan 12800-25.00 

Fab 130.00-26.00 , 

March 132 00-27. 0C 

VoL .... 2066 

Unofficial prices 
Official Turnover figures 

Price in £p*fnHNrte Hum® 
Silver in pence per troy ounce 

Rudolf Wot! & Co. LKL nraort 
Cash 936^-937.5 


Tone Quiet 

3 months .... . 9535-954.0 

V0l - -3550 

Tone Sraatfw 


Cash 9161WZ1.0 

vol — Nil 

Tone - 


Cash 281.0-2820 

Three Months .. 221-0-282-0 

W - 825 

Tone Siaafly 


Cash 465.0-4750 

Three Momhs - n/a 

Vo» - Ntf: 

Tone — 


Cash - 535 0-536.0 

Three Months .... 538.5-539.5 

Vol _210O 

Tone — — Steady 


Cash 337.0-339 0 

Three Months 345 0- 347.0 

Vol ....... • - Nri 

Tone - Wle 


Cash 337.0-339.0 

Three Months — 345.0-347 0 

Vd Nil 

Tone WI0 


Cash 766.0-787.0 

Three Months .... 7705-771.0 

Vd 9425 

Tone Easier 


Cash 2750-2755 

Three Months ...... 2740-2750 

Vd 434 

Tone Steady but Quiet 

repnttdwnwe martwO on 
June 23 

GB-. Carrie- lOi J7p»rkg ; i* 
(-1551 . . 

Ca Sheeo 1 54 36P «9 »5t 

2w |-5l 96) 

cat Pigs. 7i37ppsrfcglw 

!-339 ( 

England and Watec 

Cattle nos. cow 9 o *«■ 
once. 101 BU*- 1 ** 

Sheep nos aownOS'e-affi. 
once. 15S40p(-50 831 ^ 

Pig nos. down n.’ "• avfc 
prSe. 75.3ipf-3.38/ 


Cattle n«. down 1B2 ? i. avfl 
pnee. 101 16(3 (-252/ 

Sheep nos.iXJ59Vave. 
pnee. 137.40p(-ffl-6n 
Pa nos. up 320 “a awe. 
pnee. 77-85W-5 66> 


Sper tonne 







99 05 



101 E5 




107 45 




Wheat ... 

.. f2S 

Bader - 


Pig Meat 


















111 J 










Arm 1010 1033 

May 103.0 1530 

vet 30 Jt 

Beef Contract 

r. ;w kJ2 

van? Ope-. Ocse 
Jd. 153 0 195 0 

Auc 134 5 195.Q 

Sepr i860 

vs nfa 






Pi Tv 








124 6 



134 5 




G.H.L Freight Fuhim Lid 

report JTO per Mas pool 

freight mdex 

HighiLGw Close 
JulSc 6050-6040 6060 

Oc;fl5 S'lC-fflSD 6680 

jar 37 6d2.0fflC 0 69i 0 

Ay a? 7525 

jjSfT 630 MSC.C 69QC 

Qa 37 350 

Jan 38 8250 

AarSS 873 0 

V«i' 134 icsts 



Jun 86 
Jim 86 
Aug SB 



Dollar CDs IN 

1 ninth 6,90-6 85 3 mnth 6.95-6 90 

6 mnth 7.00-6.95 12 mtn 7.15-7.10 

Three Month Stuffing 

Sea 86.. - 

Dec 86 — 

Mar B7 


S«P 87. .._ 

Dec 86 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rale lor 
interest period May 7. 1986 to 
June 3. 1906 inciusne: 10.178 per 

HJS day ! 

Three Month Eurodollar 


Dec 36 

Mer 87 . 

Ju.t 67 

US Treasury Bond 

Sep ?6 

Dec AS 

Mar 07 

Short Gilt 

Jun36 — 

Sea 86 

Dec 86 — 

Long Gri t 

JunBfi . 

Sep 86 . . — 

Dor 86 - .... 

Mei 6” 


Jun 96 

Sep 06 






Eat Vet 










90 76 







rest 14781 









Previous day's total open interest 10004 
93.24 93.26 93.22 93.23 1581 

93.10 93.12 93.10 33.10 349 

9237 9289 92.37 9288 76 

NjT 9256 0 

Previous clay's total open interest 5307 
96-27 97-04 96-18 96-25 3677 

N/T 96-01 0 

N/T Q 

Previous day's total open merest 1 076 
N/T 101-60 0 

101-50 101-55 101-50 101-54 37 

KfT 0 

Previous day's total open Interest 20146 
N/T 121-06 0 

121-07 121-20 121-03 121-11 4993 

120-30 121-00 120-30 121-00 4£ 

N/T 120-26 0 

Previous day's total open interest 2554 
164.10 164.30 16250 153.00 338 

166.60 167.10 165.10 165.40 399 


►*gh Uw Compenv 


Ov VW 

Pnee Oi'go pence % P/E 

11T 94 

773 663 

149 130 

358 388 
130 100 
120 911 

2ti 159 

SS, S3 
U 31 
4)8 3W 
ME 80 
W3 635 
328 139 
Wfl 108 
143 110 
364 ]I4 
180 134 
680 420 
206 178 
117 100 

150 119 
374 20) 
152 136 
93’: 75 
isa ns 

108 85 

IBS 142 
348 287 
120 BO 
5M 480 
183 145 
345 284 
124 84>| 

140 109 
702 480 
iSS 123 
147 123 
182 143 
398 322 

90'.- SB 

109 92 
179 I IB 
168 138 
330 m 
143 115 
368 291 
147 127 
196 138 
231 184 



*m*r Trull 

Anq Amor See 
Anaonc asms 
B anun 
Br As«m 
6> EmpM Sec 
Br Inv 
Cescem Junn 
Dnrsw >k 
Do Cep 
Drayton Com 
Drayton Far East 
Oraynn Japan 
Dunam Lon 
&*n Amer Aaset 
Beane Mn 

f 81 wneme 
F4 C PacAc 
Bra Scot Amer 
Bra Ui Sen 
Fleming American 
Remng Claw 
Fhmmg Entagj^e 330 

13 0 

14 6 AS 31.9 
1.8 09 
14 OJ2 . 
0JJD 4 0 368 

03 08 8SJ 

4 7 33 49 4 

56a 16 SOD 
SJ 37385 

2.0 22 545 

2JJ 13 667 
2J» 2.4 540 

21 11757 

143 4.0 299 

87 IDS 6.7 

iV nw Bj 

Rflnvng FltOglng 

naming JUmti teru 
Fleming MercanlSe 155 
Bemng Oversees 140 
F'errwig Tech 153 
Fleeiop Untvanel 398 

far Cat 

or Japan 
General Funds 
Geneoi Cm 
G%»qo*r Srccli 









Oowett Acartnc 138 

Goved OnenM 194 

GOwnt Scrfegy 220 


Hon Low Company 

Pnee Cn ge pence 


030 24J 
230 215 
194 156 
307 283 
670 540 
204 244 

58 45 
101 80 
132 110 
255 237 
233 198 

70 56 

71 61 
128 102 
197 161 
159 12S 
165 137 
294 215 
380 318 
440 390 

68 49 

189 158 


246 186 
329 279 
81 33 

J56 J79 
179 146 
76 66 

38 33 

Owrfrw 330 

Grasnam House 225 
Haavroa >85 

HF1 (P) 261 

Invest is Success 670 
m. Cap 271 

Japan As** a 55 
Ktenwon Charter 95 
KkNiwai 0 seas 122 
KlBmon Smaaar 285 
Law Debemure 230 
Lon Marcnam See 61 
Lon Trust 63 

Uvei tut n V8 

MorSE 191 

Murray ncome 154 
Murrey mn 
Uvriy Sma* 

Murray Venture 
New Court 
New Denen CJB 

UK 83 

• +S 


• -2 

Nth Adame Sec 
Nth Sea Assets 
W» Amor 


p?.otc Assets 
Do Nmu 















3 A ft,’ 

63 JB278 

64 IS 408 

154 53 Z5l6 

82 1 2 
6 6S 3 4 77 JJ 
0.1 02 
3.4 36 409 

OU 33 273 
32 52 1L6 
61* 9.7 214 
8.)t> &2 31 I 
3 7 1.9 72 1 

7 7n 60 28J 
7.10 4 4 346 
39n 1.4 . 

HI Od 27 61 6 
213 SO 292 

09 IS 670 

5 7 3.1 356 

48 77 178 

1.1 OS . 
42 1 6 875 

0.7 1 B 465 

7 76 22 65 1 

49 30432 

10 i2 




Penan® Assets 




1 1 















Rive' 4 were 









Riw ham 






S 7 








+ tj 

6 1 






















ijv ir 


M3 1 . 





S; Andrews 


4 1 











25 51.4 




Som Amenean 



8 7t 







Scot EftsUrtl 









Sen Uvc A 









Sort Mtga 


• +5 






5 Ml Nb 


• +3 







Saconp Aiuncfl 


2* 6n 




4 on 



See Oi Scodana 








1 7 



Smatw Cos 

• +1 









Siewan Emaro 


• + '- 






Hign Low Cpnt^-y 

SdpSS n25-1 1M 
D«B6 1200-1200 
Mar 37 1290-1250 

Vol: 33 'fits 
Open nwrest 50 
Sow marker c oneiw n rary: 
Tanker index. 

122 6 5 up 1OO 
Dry cargo index: 

637 O down 2.0 

Fncw Ch;e panes 







10? 8Z 
122 95 
199 155 
2M Ml 
131 90 

170 119 

17fi <40 

118 90 
174 139 
159 125 
305 237 
370 300 
205 157 

141 112 

94 79 

Me 217 

62 36 

74 M 

119 65 
210 161 
3Sl 28* 

TB Atreiraxa 9* 

Th Ciy Gi LC" Be 1 II 










TB M a Gen 
Tfl :u5i-a' Nes 

TB Ncm- 

TB Pscuhq 045^ 

TB Prase ny 
TB T«h 
tb Tiusiees 
Tends Sj- 
tirsg Secured Caa are 

T-ans Ccsanc 203 

TrSJ-f 131 

Tf-CHivMrr rs 31 

US. Sesvrue 358 

v,.v; Beseursei 43 

■Jlsswoi 60 

rtmie-Ddserc Egy »*4 

Allan 20’ 

reoman 3Si 

33 35 33.1 

500 50 314 
57 30 410 

118 S 4 215 
36 2J49J 
14 08 ■ 
57 32393 
£6 24 509 
8.30 35 375 
76 45771 

116 413S0 

s's 27 MS 
39 30 37 5 

ISO 17 4 8? 
9J 36 91 7 
29 67 206 
22 IT 412 
3J 29 485 
46 23S65 
117b 3 9 362 


«r. 35 

7| 31 

. AT-enCAP £*V*M 

Qnunn^p An 0 * 

: Cary Mai 
■ Da a 
B ears 

£-.3 Trust 


E»t Asrarcn 


rn?B as 
Gonoe ID i V 
Heneeixon Jc-rni 

MerEAnue Hcuse 
P»ah: irw Tsi 
Da Warrants 
Smith New Ccur 

C 4 C - 






£17 . 
£9 • 

14 2.9 2S 7 

6 0 44 ’60 

59 1 37 1J2 

693 40 123 

59 41 313 
40 30 166 

60 2.7 144 

33 3a 113 

53 13340 

£4 74 94 
2.S 32716 

36 7 n 17 4 
12 9b 66 80 
225 69 102 
24 J 25 295 
189 65 77 
OS 05 

too 64 ri 

. ^ . v T f|£. T jjrjg5'u^|T TRUST^INFORMATION SERVICE'. 

Bd 0«er Cnng r« 

TO HoKfniuei Be BourvmicuW SHfl 8*L 
Bi45 TI7373 iLrsuiei 
G41 & Fn-W 
Hign ir.c Eduily 
wnnewxM Bon.j 
tr-jorjn '3r».m 
AirtO t>!ZllK 

A Si-ns 


Comm * E-e'av 
E-iracejn C4 IWji 

UK Grv.ii me. 


US Smer;»-g COI 
Eawik Prweii 

allied vunbah im musts 
AitWl Qjnor CfBe SenWOn SMI 1EL 
0^3 6103M & 0793 36291 




9 65 



~o 1 

4 71 





161 5 


+1 9 



*8 7 



1(H 4 

109 4® 


1 ST 


67 3 




69 3 





1 44 


••4 _ 5 





*0 9 


104 9 





+0 2 




-1 \ 



■■08 6 



62 1 




Frsi Trust 

227 1 



0 49 

fi'Ovim £ (na.'vre 





<•*□<» Trust 


251 1 



. Bararis-4 

Ml 1 

384 6* 

-0 6 


Accun Trust 



-3 9 







weenw tsi 


267 9 



* Eduit/ I'v^rrw 

141 1 

iM Je 


* 6 

' Hon -r°*a 





Girt S«cs Tasi 





- inuirtialional 





Jit** fune 


1© 9 

+0 3 


P.’>'c Trust 

157 7 


*1 1 


. Amr Sta Sns 


72 1 


1 35 

5+CS a Amer Til 

222 j 

2Z6 7® 

+ ’4 


*10 a+sei value 



*0 B 

2 '8 

flii: G'Tvmr 


39 1 



Seiner Cos 


»?r Jc 



2nr SmaAe* a s 




RwC'Sv*'* TrtjS! 



-0 3 


Me' M«n 6 ewary 

SI 7 

87 D 

♦ 05 


C W! Eernrags 

’85 6 

197 70 


3 00 

. Ternnaiwr Tsi 

, Incamc £.4irtS' 


1J4. 1 

96 4 



0 93 

. EieiTY SmaUftfCcs 

227 6 

241 3 

-0 7 


USA E-ranor Trust 


371 3 



ahbuthnot securities 
131 AnsSurv Pj-emenr Lordon EC2A 1A7 
Oi-filfl «T6 O'- 290 8540,1.2i3 
CutiTji Growth me 58 S 615 
86 4 

1M6 137 i 
MO 73: 
61 ? 

93 ? 
76 139 9 
74 8 3000 
I96 0 2-3960 



• 2 1 


-04 168 
-04 168 
*06 064 
*03 094 
-HI 230 
•03 7 66 
-0 5 785 
-01 *SE 
-Di 4 5a 
*0 4 7 47 
-0 3 7 47 
-0 3 2 39 
-G2 219 

Pc *eci*h 

Earrun 1 mil 
Co 6‘ <■ '.imen* at 

F.rixce i Pnjovny 
u.>r i - 'no inccme 
P:> a«i4-' 

Eoiptv income 
Mvrn r.**; |n»nH 
Pc ~~Cun 
ln-i Inccm* 

P? Acc-jn 
Pc i'i V-M-Cr*! 

MamwS c un>i 
P-a*»re-ice Incan* 

OC 4:;. an 
Smjue- Co-, *xum 
Aire Pi)nn ( 5rj'e 
PrrW. Ts- U* 
Bcrfvc T;; jacan 
Pi;rv?LO T«1 u: 

Ts: E ..race 
p C4IICAS Tsi H- 


3 G^n'.mas 51 Lrm: 
IBt-ja ^?i iCmil 
im E> i32> 

JJCjn E’ r43l 
rj- Ei 3H 
f '.** mil 
»S4t Bms £1*4 
013 Ere* ,jr 

5'j !i»5Jma G'./'fi 

BG J.’M*i 
5G ’ecniKUcvT/ 


25)26 Airman 5Teet '. vni 4AD 

O' 4ji 0295 


6960 -02 





02 ’e -01 



9 71 

141 2 

151 0 


'05c *0’ 



81 7c *n. r 


97 Be -0 5 



76 7e *00 

56 5 

102.1c -01 



33 8c *02 

>1 10 

2n3 4rr 

326 EW; 

*32 8 

*51 7c 

1 13 


380 8 

0 34 

1 4/ 

446 0 

47' d 

199 0 


170 3 

'Si 2 *2 3 

0 33 

'26 ' 

ia' a -3; 

f JT 

160 3 

20940 -c? 


172 4 

1835 Mil 


159 ’ 

169 90 *1 5 


M 54 2 
’6 4 20 3 
TOO 3 107 8 

-05 0 75 
-D ’ 1 8C 
*0 7 0 17 
v)1 '!? 
-t 1 106 
-02 409 
-o: ifil 
-0 5 1 49 

Jiiar 3 G4T6-4I 
H.-JT1 mccrw 

inra-rvincui Tnni 7j4 BO ' 

Irvtyne Cm Ts: 48 7 52 » 

a c* #/-; 1 ■ e 20 7 22 2® 

Ottv Vl^AJ 35 7 38? 

special SivaiiTPTi 40 2 4.17 

Umcsm HCuie 252 Ron’o-a Bfl £7 
01-614 5544 

jriprej ff7 8 93 3® .15 1 43 

«uii *cxm 13’ 6 140 3® -0 6 154 

DC- income 93 3 96 *• -05 154 

Cjr-H 659 ''4 3 *0’2W 

EnprOTT-ijy 4?8 6 4«S 9 -0 3 393 

E. rra l r iC*n-3 75 7 305 5 27 

n.naneua ^6 9 241?® -0 5 320 

ioo :s60 :e:.9 -o? jo? 

Crim'A' 127 j 146 I -01 2 rj 

G.') b Fnec "V 55 1 56 0® -0 2 9 45 

JIM* J &*'> '"t 145? 169 7 -19 017 

O: *<: ii09 1605 *10 H;7 

G-:»vi a«i,t iTO! 191 6 -32 3 M 

income Tust 2W9 isfl * -J2 3 At 

L4C4pe Trast 814 A6 5 -02126 

??«C4i T.iuai^"'. 1*24 '£■ 4 -33 221 

a*n*r, 1326 MAO -Cl 236 

Trui-;? F-.nS T/SJUSJd *01 <83 

i;- u 1*!H J«s.i 5? 0 '.'3 c *0 1 0 29 

P? lOCC'-v' 512 So 06 -O' 020 

W-rrv.wc* Trail 1462 1555 *12 105 

B m™ r,-Ti;( 32' 0 24S 7 -0 2 32f 

C-c Inc 212 * 2259 -010 25 

PO Be 1 16A 0«> BB-3 4'G 
0'-«9 5602 


En'6 p 
SSJ.-'Or mra-mo 
G'vwn i 1-7 
Jaaan Sum>M 

F, <;* Eux-.-re 
= -/*-i JOCijr- 
Firal t: Amer 
F-151 SmBW Co 5 


1-J f0'".ui;7. S; Loncon fiC3 
0 ; vi23 8CWJ 

*3--'-CC •’. 

E-iice-vn 1.’: 

0: A77U-! 
uw'- -a 
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G- ' ms 
Pc >-;cum 
■'•if' r.-vs 1-^ 

C:- 4 

jjc-in irsai-a 
Ce A»:um 
v-w-'CS r Inc 
C: ALl.m 


Do *«om 

Cm,.- ZZ l l<v: 

Du Arjyjm 


74-79 *xinc«r» oyir.meni LmCon EC2A UD * 
Cl 598 T~> D*I«n-l O' -MS 04 ’S/9 McneyGuKlo 

uri>mi Got S3 j 602 *02 Dai 





55 4 


--3 2 

0 10 

55 5 









67 7 

-0 1 







n 1 

*1 1 


9? 1 





63 “ 



60 7 

5* 2e 


< TO 


67 5 


2 70 


IS 29 



86 0 0 


1 sa 

101 0 

105 8® 

-1 ' 

1 40 

i5; J 

169 Je 


2 98 

215 6 





113 3* 



143 * 




85 7 

91 2c 

-0 4 

5 4j 





337 3 


1 72 

227 0 



’ 72 


S3 8® 



68 6 




iN 1 

130 3 

+0 4 

C *■ 

135 7 


•0 5 



33 70 


1 So 


99 i® 

*0 1 

1 56 

lira R«c*ery 

SruHr ii> i 
tm Cvcwm 
E.iri Inc 

Inc « Gtowf 
Mai rt*gn Ire 
Prel Snarpj 

Financial Sw» 
flow 4 Gen 
Inf Lflivx? 

Prop Snares 
Urn* Er^Vr 
w-:«*a T«r> 

Anrvr Growfii 
- fit inyjme 

*m- Smaner Co 6 
y r ufvwm 
e-jrc Smjfler 
Far Fast 

Kong Prt 
Inti GrcAth 
J-iT an Pert 
Jaaan Smaver 


E>emoi MarVW 


o. 1 7 Pt-rrymOunr 

0444 458144 

Smevar Cos acc 
CO incxwe 
Hioh income 

Man PorrtcAci Inc 
Do » a 

tl?r;n American 


Tne 5toc“ Ercoanje LOnOOn EC3° 2JT 
<31-588 2848 






1 isa'"' 



145 1 


+1 1 

1 29 


40 7® 


! 1.39 


61 9 


26 3 

27 80 


7 56 

20i 1 



1 A 15 




; 4 6? 




! 939 


125 00 



44 7 

47 70 

• •■» 

14 7 

15 80 


* 30 

16 3 







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+1 3 

1 028 


61 S 



6" 5 




1 Oil 
! 1 71 

14 5 

15 5 





' OS* 

23 7 











:6 1 




057 j 



« 1* : 

Bra drier Cm3 ym 

Oher Cling YW 

Bw Otter Chng Ym 

Bra Otter Chng Yld 

BO Otter Chng Yld 

Era Oner Chng ma 

BCt Haywjrm MMM 





321 0 

238 7 

-0 5 

14? S 

153 S 



66 r 

71 1 


5 59 


81 3 


• 60 



-0 1 


102 2 


-0 1 

82 8 

67 50 








46 7® 

1 85 



-1 1 



Ji 60 



General rx m 
Dc Acnjm 1 At 
L-icnmn Fund (31 
On «ccaim ray 
tnn Inc f?i 
Dc Accum (2i 
Smjser me 151 

De 4 oarai ( s| 

3 37 
I 72 

214 2 324 7® 

343 4 355 2® 

104 1 103 7 
1826 1906 
1236 1291 
163 5 170 7 
£1134 I2.02c 
1)198 1259s 
125 P'?i Moiepm L«3n<»n WC1V 6PY 
01 242 1148 

CS J«*n Fund 773 523 -1J 025 


i Cvw way Homier f**-9 OfiB 
Ol-MC 6876 


295 9 

304 1c 

+3 a 




J53 0C 

-3 ’ 


F.i Eiil 

135 J 

137 1 

-1 4 


. 13 m Arnerea* 

’ j— 2 

1*4 3 

-1 z 






1 M 


47 8 



1 CO 




-0 5 



PO B;i 551 Bew5 Minis Lcnccn EC3 7jQ 

C1-621 0011 

Caa-ra! 3£7 5 383 1 -09 1 70 

m 2669 3090 -06 429 

•lerai Ammcen 292 5 3»2 3 *3 9 037 


1 Aire W«.ain SL EG4N 7 All 
Ct-5?i nil* 

'341 Trui» 104 1 1113 -0610 75 


2 'ere Spy*: Louder. EG?' '*0 

01-588 ISIS 

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Do Accifu *14 5 2281 -O.i 

E.a-n=t Odf 22*2 2383 

c'^noi Accum 3533 354? 


OurtwOMHSd Saver Si «Ma SnmWd 51 
0-42 "9?42 

Ciwai hcome 

C3 A«um 

Ottixiin * Gen 
Or- Accum 
2*1*1 *Asn me 
So Accum 
C-m i f .i« Sic 
Cvs Accum 
rKp -rara 

B0 * «W 


0c Accra’’ 

japan 3 Paciie 
Dc acsutt* 

V J'-ro+T**' vra 
Dc Accum 
Euro uth era 


Smaner Cm nra 
Po AraSutA 

78 0 832: 
105.3 il20e 
1060 1131 
149 6 159 5 
605 M£t 
695 74le 

547 r*® 

082 93 3® 
15*5 1543 
753 v J79.9 

m? issz 

2529 3017 
2558 2718 

K82 2W3 
H50 1276® 
137 7 14£ 8® 
105 8 K2 8® 
137 0 136 *® 
1132 ISO B 
H99 1275 




-1 1 
*1 7 
+1 » 
+3 9 
-1 1 



1 19 
I l« 



7 4? 
‘ 2 ? 
3 48 
0 18 
1 53 
1 U 


163. Hon 5tteet. Glasgow G2 IUH 
0*1 22i 9C&2 

Smeser Cos 

1TB T 128.0 
217 7 mi 
2114 2256® 

♦2.8 3 13 
-05 1 10 
*12 1D4 


48 GnKACJwdi Si 9CSP 3HH 
01-823 *200 Ext 289 

Do Aocum 

npi Owwxeas 

Do Accran 
Far East Acc 
Do D*ei 
Amancan Acc 

70X6 2165® 
328 7 340 7® 
5581 5914 
678 3 7217 
745 7B£' 
74 7 795 
559 S3 B® 
582 810® 

+<L2 290 
+03 290 
+*3 070 
♦5.1 2T0 
+04 010 

+a4 aio 

+13 130 
+12 130 

PC Ba< 4. Noryi iran NR1 3NG 
0503 622*00 
Group Trust 
•no Trust 

88. Cenncn Street. London EC4N 6AE 
deaengs 01-238 388516/7/8/9/0 

D2C2 1256 +000 358 

1770 133 7 *15 131 

imemaBonai Grown 1368 

146 *C 

-03 099 

meome 8 Grown 


68 2 

-01 301 

wonovnfle Rec 



-0 4 036 

Amcrroan Grown 



+04 000 

japan Qrowm 



*03 130 

Eraoaean Growth 



-oa ooa 

Uh Grown) 



-05 069 

Peerhe Grown 



*08 032 

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35 6c 

-01 702 

Frameai mcom« 



+0.1 32* 

Do Aeeun 


9* 6 


+02 324 

252. H*j*l No®om. 
01-4OS 8441 


Grown Firao me 



-01 205 

Do Accum 



-0.1 305 

meome Fraw 


119 S 

.. 061 

im Eturav me 



+05 127 

Do Acaiin 


104 0 

*03 127 

Ural Trust me 

127 4 

135 5® 

-02 381 

Do Acam 

220 S 23*. 7® 

-03 361 


46. K*n Street Henley On Thamaa 

0*91 578868 

ran Grown 

WcrtcMnde R*c 
Amer Grown 
hw Emerg Coe 
Far Easi Own 
Eumptan GW 

261 9 281 1 
19*2 2050 
148.0 15ft» 
73 4 78 0 
79 2 85.0 
699 751 
535 569 

222. enTrapgaw London EC2 
01-247 75*4/7 


rogn mtsm* 
Com l 3*1 
Far Enym 
Ncrw Jnesin 
Soeorai &*s 
Extra raceme 

1122 1203 
6? 1 KJa 
98 2 104 6® 
1E88 170 3 
1391 1491 
>1 0 757a 
1203 '290® 
882 9*0® 

+1.1 079 
-05 4 35 
+09 13* 
+09 0 71 
+03 080 
+02 097 

+03 095 
+02 409 
+06 608 
+21 OX 
♦05 098 
-O.I 190 
+0.7 0 00 
+0.1 4 71 

51-69 Ufenj Hfi Urord Essex. 1(31 2DL 
01-478 2377 

Hdtbom Epraty 
Hrwtjrm Comme 
Hnao m Hyi inc 

HoKJom inti 
n Amencjn 
Hcdraro So*: its 
HCTOoro U» i+'o-jm 
HCMOC+n <J41 Trust 

400 3 42SB 
043 898® 


74 7 



63 9® 
79 4® 
58 7c 

183 0 1912 

-I 7- J 12 
-03 0 78 
+04 0.60 
■ 6 33 
*08 006 
*06 005 
+09 039 
*0.1 255 
-03 2.05 
+G9 356 

31-1$ GtBsnam SI. London £C2v 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Quaorwn General *3f 5 459 1 ?R5 

Ou«rant I.KWT-e 2453 361 0c 5 12 

Ouacranr Inn Fd 376? 3S6 I +53 1.13 

Cuawant flKdvery 268 3 285 S +10.0 245 

4J a+nnrai Lane London EC4P a DU 
01-280 5456 

t+; Airenca me 
Do Accum 

MC Enoroy Reg 
NG income 

AC Jobs* 

NC Sma»w CM 

2960 314.8 
318 4 338 7 
1363 1*80 
892 94 8® 
178 S IBS 6 
13)7 i486 

+44 033 
*48 093 
*08 3J2 
-61 3ffi 
+08 001 
-03 200 
+0 1 044 

NCSnF-EunjpGos 1«4 17J7 
NC E* rmpi On 11320 13»0 

NC «mr Pn» SI 1 57 12 18c 
rtC Picoerty 1738 1829® 


SveeL London ECAR 3 *s 

Amjncan i*t 
5e4u+'-c» 1 21 
Hr?i i«ra ISl 
Ueran ,3) 
F'lfto mieresi 

Hkw Iraerini 

Far Ed® 121 

531 5 235 $ 
683 5 TtuS 
181 0 164 5® 
3900 3930 
’TOO ’710 
’23 0 ’24 0® 
205 0 2UB5® 

I 79 
-40 250 

Hew »a" Ptftne. L~enxw. L59 3HS 
05’-127 4423 

Earn*/ Trusi 


TO 9® 



Inn Trusi 


76 8 



3HI Trust 

26 8 



8 15 

ITS Tiust 



-0 S 

1 *3 

Fjotc Etom tsi 





70 Cxtton SL London EC? 

01*920 ran 

Sorai* DiSJ 


128 1® 


1 47 

Po Accran 





Hqn UKODIft Trust 


SO 20 

+a 1 

* 32 

Cm Accum 

107 0 

« ’350 



US Grow® 





Do Aceran 






Pj«al LtFWW Home ColDNlSIW C01 IRA 
Kite 5'6: 15 

A-wncin Otowbi 93 I 99 1 *0 S 0 76 

C-uuN Accum 1809 192.5® -08 213 

Gl Inceme 5te 59 B® +10 6.55 

Hranjntnra* K.0 W3® -03 4 7? 

irwm ( Grown 1021 1087 -05*18 

jimp Crown 80 ? 85 « 0.06 

SJeoaSa !Kj7 i!3 6 *02 1 3* 

28 VdsMfn Rd nareoio FMi M 
66-73. fluaan 5l. Eflraewg* EH2 *MY 
iRcmWI 070056986 Qr l&M 03'-SM 7351 
Hirer Inc 6 G’own 88 1 728 +0.6 7 30 

Capnal U«N 97 5 10*2® +07 214 

C jramocrtt 
5>u*5v *W 
E'jrooean Gfown 
E.c-rol ran End 
Do rad W3i 
Financial Sees 
G+t 8 fi rac 
rtrah R«ivm ura® 
High YwM U"A3 
meome Um» 

45 4 4$ s 
44 7 476 
M.4 MB 
81 8 859® 
57 4 80S 
378 40 4 
9*8 101.4® 
54 4 $7 3 
1857 1386 

isr.4 no 

355 102 Z 

+01 1S4 
+05 *58 
-0$ OU 
-03 808 
-03 296 
•01 ooo 

-0.3 11 1 
*0310 79 
-05 4.0 
-03 *11 
-0 2 618 

Investment Trust 

Japan Grown 
Japan SmaMr Cos 
New Tecnnoioqy 
BE Agra GroWti 


Select hiwmeeanal 
Smaler Co a bra 
Special Snuanora 
UK Emaiy 
US Grown 
Universal Growth 

85 0 90.9 
1062 1129 
8*2 900 
1182 12* 2 
27 9 298® 
923 993 
923 987® 
1288 137 7 
1554 1662® 
IS73 1685 
737 785 
1597 1707 

934 995® 
182* 1954 
75 A BOB 
833 89.0 

*0* 289 
-06 360 

*01 308 

+13 205 
-04 286 
-03 39* 
*02 1.6* 
+03 403 
-01 2.73 


Ementt'S® House. Portsmouth 
0705 827733 

American Inc 
Do Accum 
Aiwrakan Inc 
Oa Accum 
Euroown Inc 
Do Accum 
Go 6 Food Inc 
Do Accum 
G<*J Fund me 
Do Aecran 
Do Accum 
ran income 
Do Accum 
Jao SmAr Co s Ac 
Smgapae 6 M®ay 
Do Accum 
SraNtr Cos Inc 
Do Accran 
Soecd 5ns Inc 
Do Accum 
To+yo Fund Inc 
Da Accum 
US Smaur Cos Ac 
U« Erai'iy Inc 
Do Accum 


Soecal Exenrot 
Pensrems fi Chanty 
E-Ira income 

1333 1425® 
136 5 MS 9® 
602 5*7 
6*6 69* 
1037 1109 
1086 1138 
586 587 

B4.4 880 

77 0 ?B B 
2H-2 301 
1758 1880® 
3825 4197® 
1080 1152® 
149 2 1596® 
1357 1451 
*8 2 62 6® 
510 545® 
129 7 138 7® 
1362 1456® 
1004 1069 
1036 1108 
206 3 2206 
208 6 2230 
60 1 64 2® 
1036 1108c 
1583 1693c 
802.8 85B8 
1169 1250 
5803 620 8 
60 7 8* 9® 

*27 082 
+24 062 
-03 190 
-02 190 
+02 I 15 
*02 1.15 
♦07 90S 
+10 905 
-02 486 
-04 406 
*03 048 
+0 4 0.4? 
+08 0 10 
-06 70S 
-07 1 05 
1 15 
1 IS 

-01 101 
-01 7 01 
♦ 10 224 
*12 22* 
+07 000 
-04 2.92 
*06 292 
-07 124 

33-36 GraceOwcn Si London EC3V OAX 
01-823 5776/8711 

Uh Eaunx Inc 
Euro Tsi Inc 
Giooa) Gtn inc 
Do Acc 

Managed Exempt 

2*7 26 2 
24.7 283 
23 4 249c 
234 2*9c 

28« 303® 

zas 303 

1139 1212 

28. Si Andrews So. ECrntJurgn 
031-556 9101 

mo Income Unas 
Do Accum 

1500 1599 
2233 2376 

19. S' An*mm 3a Eomorarfi 
031 225 2211 

UK Eauty 187 2 19* 8 

Areenesra 1S28 1832 

PicAc 161 1 1724 

European 210 8 2288 


>09. Vbycem 5L Glasgow G2 5HN 
0*1-140 6100 

UK Buy 1710 1820 

GW 8 Fried 117 3 12A£ 

UK SmAr Cos Eq 148 0 1575 

European 1712 1B22 

N Amencen 1 13 jG 1203 

Pacific 1539 1634 

29 Oenoiis 5q. Ed motran 
031-226 4372 

PxfiK. S' 4 61 4® 

Worra Grovrtn 3S 6 381® 

N Amercan J5e 379# 

Income Fund 453 48.4® 

Era ope an 37 a aoo 

N Am« me 266 28.5 

UK Orowtti 31 7 340 

Extra Inc 31 9 34 2® 

”.-!£!& * w ~ ,3h EM,6S8U 
Rag Eo Inc 235 4 2S0 5 

Do Accum 271 1 Mm 

30. Cjy Rd LDMPO BClV JAY 
01-638 6811 
Amer Teen 6 Gen 

See Hccrne Fno 
Spoon' Suuavon* 
mil Grown 
Amencen m s&r, 

6ma* cos 
JjM" T«n 6 Qen 
ImemAbonal Income 

UV General 

Euro Grow n 
Euro Income 

106 3 113 7 
1726 184 7 
1792 1875 
2149 229.9® 
2? 4 28 7 e 
728 779 
390 417 

98i 106.0* 

,5S« 593 
551 7 5BS.Bc 
»j 3sa* 
28 8 30 8 
34 7 37 1* 

+01 504 
+D1 5.0* 
-03 100 
-03 IDO 
+03 100 
*00 1 DO 



-0 5 190 
+22 126 
+07 OH 

-as a 84 

-0 .4 233 
+0 7 727 
*0.1 1 95 
-12 090 
+26 147 
+1 0 0.74 

*05 006 
*01 107 
*04 100 
4 75 
-03 1 01 

+QA 294 

-01 !5» 
-01 5 OB 

*10 294 
+12 294 

+17 085 
*32 OOl 
-04 45« 
+32 29B 
-0.4 ai3 
♦11 1 12 
*04 1.45 
*06 0.01 
+2.1 203 
*10 3*3 
-04 Q03 
-02 400 


i Loncon Wat giain Lemon Ecru spt 
01-588 2644 E«w ^ 

Special Bits (Si 51 1 54 4® 


1 G^eSL ErAnbu^i £♦* 2xz 

income U*M7 
Oa Accum Umn 




45. Chmwne ^j. F.snagrf. 

031-226 327i 
American Fund 
Do Aooan 
Ct* wmaumti 
Australran Fund 

D3 Accum 

Bwijn Fung 
Do Accum 
Eraooesn Fraia 
Do Accm 
Japan Furra 
, Do Accran 
Sara is ppp 
SSx'SJS 9 HM itPUiiim Suwie. 
0*03 56293 

&S*y TruP Ace 3928*17 8 
N Am Trial A« 61 0 64.9 

Far E*I Truw Acc 7X8 782 
VtcVaao Bom *76 SOB 

♦01 319 
+01 319 

235.1 250 4 
384 0 3810 
iflSO 1758 
<112 120.5* 
1151 122 8® 
8O«0 6433 
81X6 8865 
' 2Bl? 27B2 
275 0 2329 
298 S 3180 
300 0 3196 
16*0 17X7 

+3 2 229 
*36 27$ 
*23 22i 
I 12 
1 12 
-05 1.E 
-05 102 
*1* 0J3 

-10 ? 14 
• 13 1 28 
+03 061 
•Of 703 


*0 Bo«3 K4*ns H»e. Andow. Hants. 

0364 62168 Deafcrgsajbi 8432 

Anu+ram we 
DO Accra” 
E<ttv racortM me 
Da Accum 
General Un* hie 

DO Accum 

Gd: & Fried Ira; 

Ob Accum 

122J I30le 
1272 1354c 
1140 1216 
'330 1*1 5 
152.8 162,5 
290 1 2600 
491 51 1 
6*0 686 
2i 62 238.1® 


+18 105 
+?0 105 
-00 4 89 

■02 4® 

-00 274 
-0 7 2 74 
*80 8*1 
+0* 8« 
-00 A.17 


P*:*e me 
Cc «com 
iim inc 
Co * tain 
Seucied 0p» me 
Dc Aoum 
Naur* 1 Res 
Do Accum 

3372 358.8® -05 *17 

1419 150 9® +12 a® 
MBs 155 9® +1 3 OJn 
2*e 1 117 1 *27 12) 

2v*f 392? +30 129 

625 565 -O' IM 

63 t 7? 8 -02 1« 

43 6 45* *02 235 

44 7 476 +01 23S 


Tarae» nous* Garohouse Rd Ayustwry Buck 

0296 5)41 

75S 00 4® .'H« 

’7 4 IBS *02 010 

669 719 1 ?5 

aa- 029e W31 203 

120 2 137 7® -04 301 

9C4 96 3 -0 3 2 03 

117 8 ’262 -05*58 

270 7 3900 -16 18* 

1050 MO 7® +02 787 
5i0 SSI 141 

9*2 1012 1 *1 

S30 83 0® *0* 580 

892 949c -03 010 

208 232 *0ii«2 

849 902 *01 00 

10*9 111 7 +00 0* 

181 195C 910 

68 8 70 9 -0.3 1 51 4 

840 901 on*/ 

468 499 OW 

55 * 59lc +0*398 
139 8 150 2c +08 1.59 
TOO 85 3® If 

151 * 161 7S 161 

Amer Eeq® 



Eraopoan Spec Sa 
Euro income 
flra racom# 

Goa iraxm* 

Do Accum 

Ma«av S Srotoaift 

Pacdra rac 
Do Reravesi 
Piyrf Share Fd 
UK Ceram 
52*cm> S*+J 
T g a w olecy 
Wend Income 
vroneiuce cac«*i 
&mrav E« 0i 
Dc Accum 1 31 
2 & Mem A+e. London EC3A 88P 
01 928-3056 

3ma“*r Cos 673 72’d *07 100 


Mermaid i-iauao 2 PuodM Dock. umoan EWV 
3 aT 

01.2*6 1380 

American Growth 





General Gr-sw 





Gwm Teen 





■ncome Grown 

61 7 

55 7c 


Inecm* Murom, 

49 0 

52 80 



Japan Growth 

41 1 

40 8® 



Men Equity Inc 

24 4 



Da Accum 




O se« Gr»nn 


*7 4# 



Sooner Co* 

61 9 




Soadul Ocds 

71 5 




16. 'J anvy a Re Bristol 

0272 7323*1 
Do Acc 

Do Accum 
Do Accum 
Far Eastern 
Do Accum 
Fm & Prop 
. Do A«um 

Gra Cape+i 
Do Accum 
Gai Income 
Do Acorn 
Hron Ytna 
Do Accum 

Do Aecran 
bro Eemrajc 

3'7 7 
124 4 
732 0 

3M 5® 
707 8® 

177 5 
185 1® 
779 6® 
173 4 

-01 ii8 
-01 136 
-02 552 
*02 5J2 
*1 1 Q« 
•10 055 
+05 6S0 
+00 ass 
+05 9*0 
*07 940 
-02 4 82 
-0 7 482 


a &,fc * w,v ^ 

UK Eqraty 1200 127 2c -06 

Pacific Basan 133 3 Ul 3c *0* 

N Anwi 11B.4 125 5c *20 

85 Hottom Viaduct EC1A 2EU 
01-236 3053 

Growl’ hie 1920 20*5 +I7 1W 

DC Accra” 3795 297 4 *23 '» 

217 5 231 4 +08 *£ 

2175 231 4 *05 4J“ 

45 4 450C +07 1S1 

42* 452 +07 10! 

f J7 » 1*530 *0* 3« 
209 0 222.4® +0 7 lrt 
81 4 65.4 +09 'J; 

81* 654 *09 ig 

16096 8055 +a*3 36} 

ACmg Bom A31S {51 1106 1177 159 


WATOttv House. 7. Davonsrara So. Londtra EC2 
01-929 1532 

86 4 71*® +10 'S 
90S 96 7 *03 'JO 

67 7 72. IP .15 JW 
800 86 3 *00 J* 

1092 1175 +03 0» 

11TS 126 7 *07 E* 

339 36* *OJ 

*3 0 462 '■> 

Do Accum 
Speoai Su 
Dp Accran 


Da Accran 

Amur 8 G«n 
Dp Accra” 
Master Pontcbo 

American Trust 
Far East 8 Gan 
tnn Grown 
fncoma Tnrai 

Japan Grovvm 
Smaa Cempanwa 
UK Trusi 
European Grown 
Hong Kong 

1269 1351® -O’ +52 

- 51 7C *08}30 


8 5 

+02 150 


13 OMrLrate So EdintMgh 
031-225 1561 

Australian Gold 
IPaeifc: Swer r 

--- 160 

Enerijy tej 

Canadian Ba' Om 61 9 

Giraw Mae Fnd 


... * s ? # fi 

aMO 103'® +0* ’90 


5.3rw^ MT 

Sn» Did ora Frau; 47? 683 0S0 

US '>prt Bonp Fd (50.I 50 « 

Windsor 1 House. 83. Kragmay. Djrvjon Jn-ffl 


Qi-tOi S33> * 

Corn. 8 Eorat* 494 5ifi *06 1 2 

lnMr, « fijo 58.6C -ai 4® 

Gro-W 510 SAS* -04 W J 

• £* cflvKJenit c Cum dtintwnd. fc 
sax* spflt s Ex stock spirt, m Cum 8* 
(any two or mora of above), a E> aB (TOT 
two or more at above). Drahnfl ® 

wfujim flays: (n Monday. (2) Ti»s*Y- 
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(20i 5Slh o< mtxith. ( 21 ) 2nd Thursday m 
monm. (^) la and 3rd WednMfl8T.S 
month. (23) 20th of month. (201 
TuMday of month. (25) 1st 8«J *3 
Ty*jrsOryot month. (261 «h Tu 0 *MT<* 
month. (271 1st Wednesday of month (2m j 
Last mureday of month. (29) 3rd vmriws- 1 
day of month. (30) 1 6lh of month- (3’ljf 
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(33f 1st day el ftfcrwry. May. Auftu* 
NovaneMr. (3d) Last irorkmg day oj 
month. (35i isth of month. (36) Mft 5 
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^"2sday,.of month. M 0 ) V|*J^ 
monirty. (41) Lest Thursday of Surf 
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M6) 2nd Tuesday of monffi- 

|U) • 

w V 

V • i 



Vickers in 



Avana Group loses 
its glamour rating 

Avana Group, the one-time 
glamour stock, came nowhere 
near market expectations 
with its preliminary results 
announced yesterday. In the 
year to March 29, 1986, 
pretax, profit was £202 mil- 
lion. an apparent improve- 
ment on the £19.5 million of 

Goser examination, how- 
ever, reveals that the group 
included in pretax profit £2. 1 
million described as "other 
operating income” which in 
reality was capital gains made 
on the sale of a variety of 
quoted investments and mar- 
ketable securities. 

Strip these out and pretax 
profit on normal activities 
feU by 7 per cent to £18 
million on turnover up 4,6 
per cent to £2025 million. 
This is a long way below the 
£21.5 million analysts were 
going for at the interim stage. 

Avana is best known as a 
supplier of specialist meat 
products to Marks and Spen- 
cer. This division is now 
doing wen after the delayed 
| completion of a factory. 

Its Viota subsidiary, which 
makes high-quality tradition- 
al cereals, is doing less welL 
Having carved out a highly 
profitable niche in own-label 
cereals, it is now finding its 
markets under attack from 
the makers of extruded cere- 
al. The loss of £4 million in 
turnover as a result of new 


FTA 500 


Jun‘ JuJ ‘Aug'Sep'Oa'Nov'OBcIJsm'FeO 1 

Apr May Jun 

tennis balls for Wimbledon 
fortnight, cloth for the over- 

Pretax profits of £6.9 mil 
lion would put the company 

coats of the Politburo mem- on a prospective p/e ratio of 
bers, and the Pope's apparel, 1 1. The yield is now a more 

is now dearly through the 
first phase of recovery and 
preparing for expansion. 

So far Mr Lewis — who 
owns 5 1 per cent of the shares 
— has concentrated on rente- 

visible 3.9 per cent. 

Brown & Tawse 

Brown & Tawse has an image 
problem. In the City, it is 

— ucu vuuixiiuaitu uu ic-uic- • j __ _ J 

dial action. Borrowings of 

more than £20 million have CT ’ b ut J?* ?”4 a !L 

been replaced by £2.6 million 
of net cash and the non- 
performing bulk worsted 
weaving subsidiary has been 
sold. The South African inter- 
ests were disposed of in the 
nick of time last year and all 
the remaining subsidiaries 
are now profitable. 

Most importantly, Mr 
Lewis has re-oriented the 

entrants, especially the Co- group towards design-con- 
op, has been a serious blow, sdous products and is striv- 

and Or JS Randall the 
chairman, will be happy if he 
can make that up by the year 
end through increased ex- 
ports and new products at 

Avana 's preserves subsid- 
iary, James Robertson & 
Sons, is also suffering from 
pressures on margins due to 
overcapacity in jam and mar- 
malade manufacturing. Logi- 
cally, in the end, some 
capacity will need to be shut, 
but Avana intends to keep its 
single factory m production. 

For the year to March 
1987, Robert Brand, of stock- 
broker Wood Mackenzie is 
looking for pretax profit to 
rise^o £21 J million, but this 
includes £1.2 million of in- 
vestment gains, implying an 

mg to establish the Crombie 
name as more than just a 
range of men’s overcoats. 
The shares have responded 
by rising from below JOp in 
the summer of 1 983 when Mr 
Lewis was battling for con- 
trol to 127p yesterday, down 
2p on the day. 

The trouble is. despite this 
success, the hardest pan is 
only now beginning 

accounts for only 20 per cent 
of turnover. 

The main business, ac- 
counting for more than 70 per 
cent of sales, is distributing 
what -the company calls pipe- 
line equipment. The termin- 
ology suggests steel tubes, but 
a better description would be 
central beating, air-condi- 
tioning and plumbing com- 
ponents. In addition, it has a 
small construction plant 

Despite this misunder- 
standing about the nature of 
Browo & Tawse's business, 
its shares have been good 
performers. Since Mr Swraj 
Paul's Caparo Industries sold 
its 16 per cent stake last year, 
the shares have risen from 
126p to 176p (down 6p 

Pretax profits for the year 
to March 31 were slightly 

The underlying sales in- worse than expected at £5.73 
crease last year was just 10 million, but still up from 
per cent. Loss elimination £5.36 million. The company 
pins the benefits of tighter says the fourth quarter was 
financial controls have al- disappointing, reflecting re- 
ready come through and fur- ports from a number of other 
ther profits growth will engineering companies, 
depend on the planned higher Business since March has 
value content not been much stronger. 

Rather than going for an though PJ Holloway, a Lon- 

a little more than £2 million. 

atax charj^ of ^mbteready-to-wearhn^ 
32 per . cent earni^ST per 3? 

share will he 41 8m ontrim? *WMl!ly hoisted _ 

• _ a retail prices without damag- In an. Brown & Tawse 

muhipteof IzHtoSues in « sales* With~D5 spent £3.2 million on four 

SE! ct iSSrf OD the retail price of an acquisitions last war, taking 
ras^-ifhLSrfo sSfnnof overcoat . the company be- its borrowings to 30 per cent 
Sh^vcSStte lieves it is protect^ its of shareholders' funds. More 
7m quality inwg*. acqurouons are planned. 

had al the previous year end. The thrust to get nearer to Assuming profits rise to 
But Avana has deservedly the consumer means that £6.2 million in the current 
now lost its premium rating, almost half of Crorabie’s year, the shares are trading on 

disappointing, reflecting re- 
ports from a number of other 
engineering companies. 

Business since March has 
not been much stronger, 
though PJ Holloway, a Lon- 
don distributor of fans and 
air-distribution equipment 
acquired last year for £225 
million, has made a good 

In an. Brown & Tawse 
spent £3.2 million on four 

probably for good. 



output in two years should be 
in own-made garments. Simi- 
lar developments are planned 
at John G Hardy and the 
company has already consid- 

An improbable group of peo- ered moving directly into 
pie should be relieved at the retailing, casting more than a 
success .Alan Lewis has made passing eye over John Collier., 
at Illingworth, Morris in With the next cyclical 
transforming the company downturn already affecting 
from profits of £21,000 in some rivals, next year should 
1982-83 ti ‘ 

1982-83 to last year’s £62 also bring acquisition oppor- 
mfflwn. The manufacturer of tunities. * 

of shareholders' funds. More 
acquisitions are planned. 

Assuming profits rise to- 
£6.2 million in the current 
year, the shares are trading on 
less than 10 times prospective 
earnings. They yield 5.8 per 

This looks low compared 
with other distributors such 
as British Steam Specialties - 
which is also in the 
“pipeline'’ business — and 
distinctly miserly against the 
ratings accorded to stock 
market favourites such as FH 
Tomkins, now cum Pegler- 

Opec oil ministers divided 
before crucial meeting 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

The oil ministers of the 13 
member nations of the Orga- 
nization of Petroleum Export- 
ing Countries have already 
split into two groups in the 
run-up to their crisis meeting 
in Yugoslavia tomorrow. 

The meeting is scheduled to. 
run until Saturday, and there 
are signs that any agreement- 
reached will be fragile. ■ 

The conservative Gulf 
states, led by Saudi Arabia and 
Kuwait, have been joined by 
Nigeria and Indonesia in then- 
campaign to maintain Opec’s 
market share by pumping 

New figures from a source 
dose to the Saudi Arabian oil 
ministry yesterday suggested 
that Opec is producing 19 
million barrels of oil a day, 
more than 2V6 million barrels 

Unions fear 
closure of 
Plessey plant 

The trade unions at 
Plessey's head offioe at Ilford. 
Essex, yesterday came out 
strongly against GEC*s £1.13 
billion bid 

.An independent report , 
commissioned by • the six 
unions gives warning of the I 
“grave threat of closure” to 
the plant which produces tech- 
nical military radios. The 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission is due to report 
on the bid next month. 

The unions believe that the 
future of the site and its 2,000 
workers is unsure, even under 
Plessey, but that if the bid 
suceeds either Dfbrd or a 
corresponding GEC site 
would be closed. 

Tbey say that Plessey 
should diversify into the pro- 
duction of high growth non- 
military markets such as 
cellular radios at tifmd. 

The unions represented are 
TGWU, APEX, and AEU. . 

a day above agreed quotas. 

Libya, Algeria and Iran, on 
the other hand, want prices 
forced upwards by the imposi- 
tion of strict output cuts. 

Ecuador, although a small 
producer, has now joined that 
camp. Its oil minister said 
yesterday: “Prices are more 
important than volume.” 

The meeting will open with 
renewed pleas tor non-Opec 
producers such as Britain to 
accept some form of output 
restraint to force prices up- 
wards but, while Saudi Arabia 
. and Kuwait pursue a policy of 
maintaining their market 
share simply by cutting prices, 
the split within Opec could 
become deeper than the split 
betwea Opec and the non- 
Opec producers. 

The first division is likely to 
emerge soon after the meeting 
is officially declared open 
when a new president has to 
be chosen. 

The current president. Se- 
ll or .Arturo Grisanti, the Vene- 
zuelan oil minister, was 
depressed at the end of the last 
ministerial meeting at its fail- 
ure to reach a consensus, and 
be is not keen to continue in 

• Wood Mackenzie, the 
leading oil industry broker, is 
more optimistic than most 
that the meeting will end in 
agreement. The company's oil 
analysts said yesterday: “We 
believe the prospects for an 
agreement are improving and 
that the market is underesti- 
mating such a possibility.” 

Names receive £2m 
compensation offer 

By Alison Eadie 

Lloyd’s names on Brooks & 
Dooley syndicates have been 
made a compensation offer 
worth more than £2 million 
after two years of intensive 
negotiations. .. 1 

The offer has been ham-, 
niered out between Mr Rayr 
motid Brooks, .former 
chairman of the Brooks St 
Dooley underwriting agency, 
who was expelled from 
Lloyd’s in December, 1984, 
and Mr Jack Alston, indepen- 
dent chairman of the agency. 
Mr Mask Fairer, chairman of 
a representative committee of 
names, has recommended the 

The offer provides- for Mr 
Brooks to supervise the run- 
off (dosing down) of the 
Fidentia . Marine Insurance 
Company, based in Bermuda, 
for a salary of $50,000 
(£33.000) for one year, renew- 
able at- the committee's 

Although Mr Brooks was 

expelled from Lloyd's for 
(ailing to disclose that he 
controlled Fidentia. a compa- 
ny through which he was 
channelling syndicate reinsur- 
ance, he was felt to be the best 
person to manage the run-off 
because he understood the 
business written. Mr Brooks 
will be released from any 
liability and share in the 
proceeds of the run-off. 

. A Lloyd's report estimated 
that Fidentia had gained a net 
£62 million from Brooks & 
Dooley syndicates. Since then 
Fidentia has met, or will meet, 
claims worth £3 million in 
excess of the premiums paid. 

The offer will be taxed by 
the Inland Revenue at the rate 
of SS per cent on money 
realized by the end of this 
year. 60 per cent on money 
next year and 65 . par cent 
thereafter. The deal with the 
Revenue will settle names* tax 
problems and allow them to 
claim tax relief on losses. 

talks on 
tank plant 

By Teresa Poole 

Discussions are under way 
between Vickers and the Min- 
istry of Defence about the 
future of the Royal Ordnance 
tank factory at Leeds. 

After the indefinite post- 
ponement last week of Royal 
Ordnance’s stock market flo- 
tation. Vickers has asked for 
financial information on tbe 
state-owned company's tank 

Controversy over a £100 
million order for Challenger 
tanks, which was due to be 
placed with Royal Ordnance 
without a competitive tender, 
contributed to the last-minute 
postponement of privatizar 
tion. Without the order, the 
future for the Leeds operation 
and its 5.000 employees, 
looked uncertain. 

The Ministry of Defence is 
now considering alternative 
methods of privatization, in- 
cluding the feasibility of sell- 
ing parts of the company to 
private buyers. 

Vickers has its own tank- 
manufacturing facilities in 
Newcastle but the demand for 
main battle tanks is not 
thought to be sufficient to* 
keep both plants operating 
profitably. The closure of one 
of tbe plants would remove 
the scope for competition and 
put thousands of jobs at stake. 
Vickers said yesterday it was 
“keeping its options open.” 

At the British Army Equip- 
ment Exhibition yesterday, 
Mr Roger Pinningion, chief 
executive at Royal Ordnance, 
said his company was confi- 
dent of winning any competi- 
ti ve tender for the tank order. 

Royal Ordnance had ex- 
pected to announce the order 
this week. The company 
maintains it was prepared for 
privatization — in contrast to 
statements by Mr George 
Younger, the Defence Secre- 
tary, that it did not have all the 
necessary features in place. 

Racal slips amid fears 
of £200m rights issue 

By Michael Clark 

Nervous selling clipped 6p 
from Racal Electronics at 
I94p in late trading yesterday, 
amid growing fears in the 
market that the group will 
announce a big rights issue 
along with its preliminary 
results later today. 

Marketmen claimed that Sir 
Ernest Harrison, the chairman 
and chief executive, would 
decide to take advantage of 

YeUowhanwner, the LSM- 
q noted advertising group, held 
steady at I50p. We should 
bear soon that Mr Jon 
Sum me rill — tbe chairman — 
and fellow-director, Mr 
Jeremy Pemberton, have sold 
1 million shares (10 per cent) 
between them following last 
week's figures. 

recent recovery prospects to 
ask shareholders for an extra 
£200 million to help pay off 
growing debts. Terms were 
even mentioned on the basis 
of one-for-four at J70p. But 
with Racal expected to pro- 
duce figures showing a fall in 
pretax profits, for the year to 
March 31. from £1322 mil- 
lion to between £88 million 
and £100 million, the City 
may have felt the group was 
pushing its luck. 

Last night, a spokesman for 
Racal said that tbe group 
would not be announcing a 
rights issue with the figures. 

The rest of the equity 
market opened the second leg 
of the account in a lethargic 
mood. Investors already 
heavily, involved with the 
Thames Television and Mor- 
gan Grenfell flotations decid- 
ed to remain on the sidelines. 

Dealers complained that, 
with all the market’s spare 
cash now earmarked for both 
these issues, turnover else- 
where was down to a trickle. 

Last night the stags were 
predicting a 500p striking 
price for the Morgan Grenfell 
lender offer. 

Tbe rest of the equity 
market continued to drift 
throughout the day on lack of 
interest. The weekend 
strength of Wall Street offered 
little inspiration. Two gloomy 
surveys of the economy look 
their toll. As a result, the FT 
30-share index finished 15.2 
down at 1.338.2, while the 
broader FT-SE 100 lost 14.4 at 

Gills spent a lacklustre day. 
closing virtually unchanged 
on Friday's levels. 

In foods. Hillsdovm Hold- 
ings spurted 7p to 283p fol- 
lowing a visit to the company 
by Wood Mackenzie, the Scot- 
tish broker. Wood Mackenzie 
is said to have upgraded its 
profits forecast at the pretax 
level from £45 million to 
£48.5 million. Last year, 
Hillsdown made profits of 
£33.4 million. The shares are 
rated a “buy", up to the 300p 

Among the leaders. Bee- 
chant closed unchanged at 

396p, after 40 Ip, following a 
meeting with Savory Milln. 
the broker. 

Tan Sri KJioo Teck Puat. 
the Malaysian financier, has 
been buying more shares in 
Exco International, the money 
broking and financial services 
group. This time he has 
acquired 1.2 million shares, 
taking his total holding to 
66.85 million, or 28.55 per 
cent. Exco failed to respond to 
the news, finishing 3p lower at 

Meanwhile. Mr Reg 
Brierley, the New Zealand 
entrepreneur, has been in- 
creasing his stake in Horizon 
Travel, the package holidays 
group. He now speaks for 5.75 
million shares (11.52 per 
cent). At the previous count, 
his holding was just under 7.5 
per cent. Bass, the brewer, 
remains Horizon's biggest in- 
dependent shareholder, with 
25.62 per cent of the votes. 

On the bid from. MiUetts 
Leisure jumped 30p to 215p 
following the agreed bid of 
23 lp a share from Sears 
Holdings, the Selfridges de- 
partment store and Saxone 


Accord Pub (125pt 
Akunasc (150p) 

Arlington (115pJ 
Ashley (L) (135 P ) 

Barker (Charles) (150p) 
Bfcck (147p) 

Br Island (oOp) 

Brodero (145p) 

Campbell Armstrong (11 

duke Hooper (I30p) 
Dalepak il07p) 

Dean & 0 (50p) 

Denser on (58p) 

Eadie (39p) 

Evans HaBshaw (l20p) 
Fields (MRS) (I40p) 
Guthrie Corp (ISOp) 
Haggas (J) (140p) 

Jurys Hotel (1l5p) 
Lope* (I45pj 
Monotype (57p) 
Savage (UXJpj 

Soundtracks MOp) 

Task Force (95p) 

Tech For Bus (11 Op) 
Templeton (21 5p) 

Tenby tnds (IIZp) 

Usher (Rank) (loop) 
Westbury (145p) 
Worcester (110p) 

Amari N/P 
Antofagasta N/P 
Cater Men F/P 
Cfittords Dairies N/P 
Crean (J) N/P 
Five Oaks N/P 
Frrendly Hotels N/P 
Gerrard N/P 
Lep F/P 
Nat West N/P 
Ned & Spencer N/P 

(issue price in brackets]. 

30 +2 

I 1 ? -2 

shoe retailing group. The bid 
values Milieus at £ 1 2 million. 
Sears, which recenjly bought 
Foster Brothers, slipped 1.5p 
to (24.5p. 

Elect) Holdings, the con- 
struction, engineering and 
property group, jumped 9p to 
!50p after rejecting terras 
from its rival, Whitecroft. 
Talks about a merger broke 
down earlier this month after 

Watch for acquisitions at 
IVace Group, which performs 
printing services for advertis- 
ing agencies and is now well 
down the recovery road. The 
shares stand at a peak of 55p 
and, in the present year, the 
company coaid make np to 
£500,000 against £284,000 - 
and tbe heavy losses of jnsf 
two years ago. 

failure to agree a price. 
Whitecroft is now offering 
three of its shares for every 
five Eleco. 

This values Eleco at £25 
million. Whitecroft was Ip 
firmer at 24 Sp, despite report- 
ing a dip in pretax profits from 
£7.46 million to £7.2 million 
for the year to March 31 last. 

The retail sector encoun- 
tered some sporadic selling, 
led by Marks and Spencer, 4p 
lower at I97p, after 19Sp. 
Dealers fear that analysts will 
be forced to downgrade their 
profit estimates for the current 

This came after an article in 
The Times on Saturday high- 
lighting the problems the com- 
pany has had to face awing to 
the poor start to summer and 
the absence of American tour- 
ists. The company is expected 
10 meet brokers this week. 

Profit-taking clipped 2p 
from Next at 260p and left 
Laura Ashley 3p easier at 


Business is picking up. 
(Followed by treatment and disposal.) 

The amount of rubbish produced in this country 
is staggering: 

Every year London alone produces some three 
million tonnes of domestic waste, to which trade and 
industry add millions more. 

Thankfully this is something that many people 
need never worry about. 

Because, faced with huge amounts of domestic and 
industrial waste, many companies and local authorities 
simply leave it all in our hands. 

Or more accurately in our laboratory-controlled 
treatment facilities, our containers and our landfill sites. 

As one of many industrial transportation and distri- 
bution services provided by Ocean, Cory Waste Manage- 
ment plays a low-profile but crucial part in meeting the 
needs of our clients. 

Crucial, because there has never been more waste 
to handle, nor a greater need to protect the environment 

from its effects. 

Low-profile, because we cover our tracks: our land- 
fill sites may end up as golf courses or nature resenes, but 
they will not be left looking like landfill sites. 

In business terms, though, Cor)' Waste Managements 
profile is anything but low By keeping well ahead of coday’s 
increasingly tough waste disposal regulations, we’re also 
keeping ahead of the competition. Recently we were 
awarded a 15 year, £70 million contract to handle over 
seven million tonnes of Londons waste. So for we’ve in- 
vested £11 million in our London operation and we’re 
continuing to invest and expand developing techniques 
such as the solidification of chemical waste. 

All with the aim 
of assuring a healthy 
future for the envir- 
onment And for our- - ii • 

selves, of course. Wfi C3.ll il311CllC it* 





fr <r it <r It 

Charles Goodhart sees stronger Western growth 

Commodity price fall will 
bring lower interest rates 

Perhaps the most remark- 
able feature of the world 
economic scene in the years 
since 1979 has been the persis- 
tently high level of interest 
rates, not only in nominal 
terms, but in real terms, i.e., 
deflated by some measure of 
expected inflation. 

It has rot been easy to 
explain this phenomenon, nor 
the reasons for the low level or 
real interest rates earlier in the 
1970s. However, it has be- 
come increasingly clear during 
the past two decades that the 
most important policy-in- 
duced events have been pre- 
cisely those changes in 
monetary policy that led to the 
switch from a low real-interest 
regime in the 1970s to a high 
real-interest regime in the 

In a world in which the ease 
and magnitude of capital 

Decline in oil 
prices is likely 
to continue 

flows over exchange markets 
among countries results in a 
subordination of national 
market treads to global devel- 
opments, it is the impact of 
world monetary conditions, 
rather than our own national 
efforts, which sets the context 
for the real economy through- 
out Western developed 

During the 1970s, for exam- 
ple, few countries avoided 
low, or indeed negative, real 
interest rates in circumstances 
of high and variable inflation; 
whereas in the 1980s most 
countries have faced a combi- 
nation of very high real inter- 
est rates, stubbornly high and 
rising unemployment but. af- 
ter an interval, declining infla- 
tionary pressures. 

A major channel whereby 
tight monetary policy works is 
by placing direct deflationary 
pressure on the flexible mar- 
ket prices of primary com- 
modities. The long-awaited, 
long-deferred effect of high 
real interest rates on the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries' cartel, 
indeed on commodity prices 
more generally, has arrived 
with a vengeance. This may 
yet have further to go than is 
generally appreciated. 

The likelihood of Opec 
arriving at a mutual agree- 
ment to cut output sufficiently 

to stabilize the price of oil 
again (at any price) would 
seem low, although not entire- 
ly impossible. Under these 
circumstances the newly im- 
poverished. high-population 
members of Opec will have an 
enormous fiscal and balance^ 
of-payments incentive to con- 
tinue pumping oil as fast as 

In addition. Saudi Arabia 
and the empty Gulf states 
have an incentive — to re- 
establish their strategic posi- 
tion of key control over oil 
production — to hold oil prices 
low enough and long enough 
to knock out a significant 
proportion of high-cost mar- 
ginal production zn the rest of 
the world, as at the Alaskan 
North Slope. 

Thus, there seems little 
reason why the present excess 
supply should be removed 
from the market in the short 
run- Moverover, whenever it 
is thought that oil prices are 
heading downwards, it may 
well be considered advanta- 
geous to bring forward oil 
production, from the future 
date when the price would be 
lower to the present 

Under all these circum- 
stances one would expect oil 
prices to continue foiling, until 
they reach a level where the 
expectation is that the future 
increase in the price of oil will 
give broadly the same return 
as investing in safe securities. 

I suppose that the bottom 
line on this comes down to the 
question of what would have 
to be the price of a barrel of 
oil given expectations of short 
and longrrun elasticities of 
supply and demand, to make 
the general market expect that 
on average the future price of 
oil would appreciate from that 
level at a rate approximating 
to the rate of interest available 

In particular, given the fis- 
cal and external balance of 
payments pressure on a num- 
ber of oil-producing, less- 
developed countries such as 
Algeria. Egypt, Indonesia, 
Mexico and Nigeria, it seems 
likely to me that the price of 
oil will have to trade for some 
period, at least of months, in a 
range below $12, to make 
people 'reasonably confident 
that the price of oil will begin 
(slowly) appreciating once 

The collapse in oil and 
commodity prices benefits the 
Western industrialized com- 

munity in several ways. In 
particular, it will relax the 
bind in which many countries 
became stuck recently, involv- 
ing an unhappy interaction 
between big fiscal deficits, 
(themselves partly a structural 
inheritance from earlier, more 
lavish years, and partly caused 
by the depression and high 
unemployment of the 1 980s), 
and the tight monetary policy 
adopted generally. 

This bind was in some large 
part responsible for the con- 
tinuing nigh level of real (long- 
term) interest rates. 

First, the foil in oil and 
commodity prices directly re- 
duces the rate of inflation and 
moderates inflationary expec- 
tations over the next few 
years. That of itself will lower 
world nominal interest rates 
and thereby reduce the fiscal 
deficit of all our countries. 

There are cloucfc 
on the horizon 
for Britain 

Second, with given mone- 
lary policies, the foil in com- 
modity prices will encourage 
an expansion of real output. 
That will also reduce the fiscal 
deficit But the smaller fiscal 
deficits from these various 
routes will again diminish 
fears of future inflation, and 
thus allow a further reduction 
in nominal (and real) interest 
rates, which will further raise 

The Western countries have 
switched from a bind, or 
vicious spiral, as a result of the 
interaction of money and 
fiscal policies,, to a virtuous 
spiral No wonder bond yields 
have tumbled. 

This shift has transformed 
the outlook for Western indus- 
trialized countries. Despite 
recent poor figures for output 
growth in Western countries I 
expect that for tbe next couple 
of years at least there will be 
much stronger growth, proba- 
bly with foiling unemploy- 
ment than most people have 
yet realized. The context in 
which the Western developed 
countries have now been 
placed has become much 
more fortunate: 

One question, however, is 
whether Britain can share fully 
in this. So far financial mar- 
kets. especially the exchange 
market have responded to tbe 
particular impact upon Brit- 

ain of the decline in the oil 
price much more maturely 
and sensibly than might have 
been feared. 

1 was surprised that there 
was not further downwards 
pressure on sterling during the 
period in which oU prices were 
dropping extremely sharply. 
As a result Britain has been 
able to join in the recent 
rounds of interest rale reduc- 
tions. I see no reason why 
these rounds of interest rate 
reductions should not go 
somewhat further. Real inter- 
est rates in most Western 
countries remain historically 
extremely high. ~ 

There are also certain possi- 
ble developments, such as 
international debt problems, 
among the oil-producing less- 
developed countries ana bad 
debt problems more generally 
among North American banks 
with a heavy proportion of 
their assets tied up in loans to 
energy, agriculture and prop- 
erty (whose value is related to 
these primary industries), 
which could bring about cir- 
cumstances which forced yet 
further sharp reductions in 
interest rates, notably in the 

While this could cause ex- 
tremely serious problems for 
those parts of the financial 
system directly caught up in 
such debt problons, the con- 
sequential foil in interest rates, 
and rise in general asset prices, 
would represent a boon for the 
rest of us. 

There are sizeable clouds on 
the horizon for Britain, 

Two in particular may be 
noted; the first is no less than 
the size of Mr Roy 
Hatters! ey’s hand, and repre- 
sents political risk; the second 
concern relates to Britain's 
labour markets which seem, 
compared to our competitors, 
uniquely ineffective in adjust- 
ing wage levels to prevent the 
continuation of severe 
disequilibria, and thereby fos- 
ter the unhappy continuation 
of both high unemployment 
and foster inflation in unit 
labour costs in Britain. 

The author, chief economic 
adviser at the Bank of England 
from 1977-85, recently became' 
the Norman Sosnow ' Professor 
of Banking and Finance at the 
London School of Economics 
and Political Science. He is a 
non-executive director of 
Gerrard <£ National. 

National Westminster 
Bank: Mr Christopher Kenyon 
is now a director of the north 
regional board. 

Derek Crouch (Sales): Mr 
Graham Barra tt has been 
made a director. 

Watney Mann A Truman 
Brewers: Mr D A Hardie has 
joined the board as quality 
and technical director. 

BOC Group: Mr Desmond 
O'Connell will become group 
managing director, responsi- 
ble for the gases and health- 
care businesses, from October 
1 . 

Wades Departmental 
Stores: Mr Barry Nobel is now 
die finance director. 

Chemical Bank Internation- 
al: Mr Michael Caiger has 
been named executive direc- 
tor in charae of securities sales 
and distribution, Mr Alby 
Cator as executive director, 
loan syndications, loan sales 
and Euro-commercial paper 
and Mr Timothy Lloyd- 
Hughes, executive director, 
Japan/ Asia desk, London. 

Texas ftomecare: Mr Eric 
Salajnoa has been appointed 
commercial director, with re- 
sponsibility primarily for mar- 
keting, advertising and public 

DHL International (UK): 
Mr Richard Johnson has been 
made sales and marketing 

M J Gleesoc (Northern): 
Mr B J Healy has been 
appointed managing director 
m succession to Mr J F G. 


tal dividend 0.9p (same) for 
1985. Turnover £22.14 million 
(£18.28 million). Pretax profit 
£405,000 <£658,0001 Earnings 
per share l.Q7p (l_98p). - 

(subsidiary of BTR): Turnover 
for 1985 f 1,558 million (£1,533 
million). Pretax profit £107 
million (£128 million). 

• LOW & BONAR: Bonar Inc. 
a subsidiary, has authorized a 
private placing of 100,000 com- 
mon shares to an institutional 
investor and 300,000 common 
shares to Low & Bonar, at 
CanS27J25 (£13) each, to raise 
CanS10.9 million (£5.2 million). 
The proceeds will be used to 
reduce the debt of Bonar Inc. 

SERVICES: Variance (Motley) 
has been bought for £325,000. 
This company, based at Motley, 
near Leeds, supplies putties and 
mastics to ibe building and 
hardware trades. 
•ASDA-MFLThe company is 
to bay Property Sellers — con- 
ditional on tax clearances from 
the Inland Revenue — for £1.5 
miflion, subject to adjustment 
to reflect future profitability. 
Property Sellers runs ASDA 
p r op ei ty shops in some ASDA 
superstores on a concession 

Stefan Zachary 

Fairy. Mr J D Kay has been 
made the director responsible 
for building operations ad- 
ministered from the Sheffield 
and Manchester offices. 

Simplex Electrical Group: 
Mr Gerald Bartlett will job 
the board on August I. He will 
succeed "Mr P O Carrnthers as 
director and general manager, 
of Simplex power centre 

BBC Television: Mr Mi- 
chael Grade will become di- 
rector of programmes from 
July 7, when he also' joins the 
BBC board of management 
He succeeds Mr Brian 
Wenham who will become 
managing director, BBC Ra- 
dio, also from July 7. 

Association of British Insur- 


company and and Grants Patch 
Mining have agreed to form a 
joint venture at the Coliseum 

sld min e in California. Royal 
jurces, a US public com- 
pany, is to provide 55.75 minion 
<£3.83 million) in return for a 25 
per cent stake in the project 
Royal can exercise its option on 
an additional 24 per cent on or 
before November 15 next by 
contributing a further $6.5 

months to April 30. 1986. 
Interim dividend 22p (2p). 
payable July 25. The board 
intends to recommend a final of 
not less than last year’s 3.4p. 
Pretax profit £570,000 
(£555,000). Earnings per share 
2-29p (2.1 4p). Net asset value 
per share 271. Ip (223.7p). 

• HUSH ROPES: Half-year to 
end-Marcb. Pretax profit 
Ii£75,000 (£67.7001 against a 
loss of Ir£l 14,000. • Sales 
Ir£12.62 milli on (Ic£12.78 mil- 
lion). Interim dividend of lp 

Earnings per share l Bp 

DUSTRIES: Centreway Trucks 
has sold its Seddon- Atkinson 
truck dealership, which is biased 
at Chadderton, Greater Man- 
chester, for £185,000 in cash. 

Jacobs has been made manag- 

roain board ofS&W ftsrisfcrd. 

McCormack & Dodge: Mr 
Dave Jordan has become tech- 
nical director. 

Clarice Hooper. Mr Patrick 
Jjevcatoa has been appointed 
chief executive of Owls, foe 
group’s design subsidiary. 

Hill and Kuo wit cm: Mr 
Rfdrard Cheney has been 
named cbainnawflect 

Eric Salomon 

ere: Mr Richard Zamboni will 
serve as deputy chairman 
from July l. 

SoJagJax Mr Andrew Coles 
has been «nade financial direc- 
tor, projects division. 

Skynet Computer Systems: 
Mr Michael Finer becomes 
joint deputy managing 

Confederation of British In- 
dustry. Mr Tony Webb has 
been appointed director of 
education, . training and 

Manufacturers Hanover 
Trust Mr Robert BetbefI has 
become vice president and Mr 
C ROdney Blair, assistant vice 

British Sugar: Mr Peter 

This will be used to reduce 
bomowiQgs. . 

• METAL BOX: The company 
has launched a $50 million (£33 
million) bond Issue, with equity 
warrants, under the lead 
management of Baring Broth- 
era. These bonds, which mature 
on July 15, 1993, will have an 
annual interest coupon of 5tt 
per cent and will be issued at 100 
per cent. Each bond will be 
issued with 83 warrants, each of 
which will entitle the holder to 
subscribe for one ordinary share 
at 77lp. 

DUCE: Year to Match 28, 1986. 
Toial dividend 3.8p (3_3p. ad- 
justed). Turnover £34.13 mil- 
lion (£18.69 million). Pretax 
profit £2.57 million (£1.51 mil- 
lion). Meadow Farm plans to 
raise £1 1-2 million by a two-for- 
five rights issue at 200p a share. 
It has also agreed to bixy North 
Devon .Meat for £1.7 million in 
cash and will also provide £2.9 
million for Noph Devon to. 
redeem its loan stocks and repay 
the livestock levy. 

Year to March 31, 1986. Total 
dividend 0.83p (0.75p). Turn- 
over £13 miflion (£112X8 mil- 
lion}. Pretax profit £1.5 1 miflion 
(£1.35- million). Earnings per 
share 4.67p (4.55p). 


ers Mr Paid Honeywell has * 
become managing director. 

Nbrgren Martonaor Dr 
Trevor Lamb has been named 
chairman and Dr H G Cremer 
and Mr E Hone assistant 
managing directors. Other ap- 
pointments to the board are 
Mr J W J Dmy, finance: Mr 
N Lee. technical: Mr R S 
'Lewis, operations and Mr J B 
Mntkrw, sales and marketing 
and Mr K Z Jones. Mr G C 
Loury and Mr P Slater be- 
come non-executive directors. 

Berry .Asset Management: 

Mr Janies Scobfe has been 
made a non-executive 
director. ^ 

Stewart McColl: Mr Stefan • 
Zachary has been made man- 
aging director. 

Servotonuc Mr Stephen 
Bingham has become manag- 
ing director. 

Coats Vfyella: Mr Alistair 
Macdiarmid becomes chair- 
man of tire Compton Webb 
Group division. 

months to March 3 1 , 1986. 
Interim dividend J-8p (L5pX 
payable on July 25. The boani 
expects to recommend a iota! of 
not less than 7.8o (6.5p last 0 
time). Turnover £3-3 million 
(£2.64 million). Pretax profit 
£1.06 million (£842,000). Earn- 
ings per share I33p(10-7p). 

an extraordinary meeting, 
shareholders approved an order 

for the purchase of a new sand 
dredger, costing about £3.5 mil- 
lion. The board expects tt to 
enter service with the 
company's fleet during the sec- 
ond half of 1987. 

Pitchforti, the chairman, reports 
in his annual statement that 
there has definitely been a 
levelling out in trading con- 
ditions, both at home and 'A 
abroad. However, with the 
manufacturing improvements 

the company has made and 
providing there is no deteriora- 
tion m demand the board 
expects improved results. 

FOODS: Mr Garry Weston, the 
chairman, told the annual meet- 
ing that operations during tbe 
first 10 weeks of the current year 
were on target and that profit 
budgets are aimed at further 

Generating energy is not simply 
providing kilowatts. It must be provided in * 

quantity, safely, efficiently and in an 
agreeable environment. 

Hitachi's wide-ranging technologies in energy [from left to right) 
nudear power reactor, generator-motor, laser-test of LPG gas combustion, 
and nudear fusion plasma testing device 

The world's need for energy continues 
to burgeon: and our wish to live in safe, 
peaceful and unsullied surroundings 
remains as strong as ever. Here is how 
we are working towards achieving these 
twin goals. 

Hitachi's scientists are making 
tremendous progress in nuclear fusion, 
often called “harnessing the power of 
the sun.” Nuclear fusion also has been 
called the ultimate energy source 
because itis generated by a mechanism 
similar to that of the sun. One gram 
of the fuel— hydrogen, deuterium and 
tritium— generates the same energy as 
8 tons [a tank truck-full) of oil. 

Recently, Hitachi played a major 
role in a landmark feasibility experiment 
conducted by the Japan Atomic Energy 
Research institute. The experiment 
succeeded in producing the first plasma 
for nuclear fusion— and brings us much 
closer to having this energy source 
‘on line’ early in the next century. 

Since Hitachi’s beginnings three- 
quarters of a century ago, we’ve become 
a premier developer of many energy 
sources. Besides hydroelectric and 
thermal power plants, we’ve been in 
nuclear power more than 30 years. 

We. are also working on solar 
energy, coal gasification, and new types 
of batteries and fuel cells. : 

We nnk technology to human needs. 
We believe that Hitachi's advanced 
technologies will lead to systems that 
are highly productive and efficient yet 
eminently safe and comfortable. Our : 
goal in energy-and communications, 
transportation and consumer elec- 
tronics as well -is to build products and 
systems that will improve the quality of 
life the world around. 






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South African silence 

At. the turn' of the decade, 
whra the price of eold was 
heading; towards $800' an . 
ounce in leaps and bounds, ’ 
Reuters news agency took the 
trouble to correct a report it 
had issued on the rapidly 
waning health of President 
Tito of Yugoslavia. Atransla- 
tion error, Reuters reported 
in all gravity, meant the 
earlier dispatch had erred in 
saying that President Tito 
had. managed to get out of 
bed. The true story was that 
after many days of almost 
total incapacity, he had at last 
been able to sit up in bed. 

It'is not recorded whether 
the gold price leapt drama ti- 
caDy after the Reuters medi- 
cal bulletin had been set 
straight But it neatly encap- 
sulated an era when the 
merest hint that a key player 
on the world stage might be 
about to speak his exit line 
could provoke a sharp reac- 
tion on the bullion markets. 
The coincidence of the sec- 
ond oil shock, the Russian 
incursion into Afghanistan 
and the Iranian hostage crisis 
all served to send the pre- 
cious metals markets spiral- 
ling upwards and the queues 
outside the offices of silver 
dealers stretching round the 

Today, the world is a very 
different place. The Russians 
remain in Afghanistan but 

the American hostages are 
back borne and the oil market 
has fallen apart. More impor- 
tantly, a six-year spell of 
positive real interest rates in 
most of the Western world 
has crashed inflation and 
knocked the stuffing out of 
gold as a hedge against the 
railing value of monetary 

The result has been that 
gold — around $340 an ounce 
— now reacts to global politi- 
cal developments with all the 
vigour that an odtagenarian 
can summon up against a 
bouncer from Michael Hold- 
ing. Whether it Is an Endian 
or Egyptian head of state 
being assassinated or Presi- 
dent Reagan bringing his 
“stand lair policy to bear on 
the cities of Libya, the gold 
market Iras scarcely batted an 

The story has been repeat- 
ed in recent weeks as South 
Africa, the world’s largest 
gold storehouse, has erupted 
m political unrest of such 
magnitude that the govern- 
ment has seen fit to impose a 
state of emergency not seen in 
the West outside of a world 

There is little point in 
wasting energy bemoaning 
this change in the volatility of 
gold (unless, of course, you 
happen to be' one of the 
“apocalypse later” gold bugs 
hiding out with your stock of 
bullion bars in a mi clear- 
proof bunker). The market is 
meant to be the final arbiter 
in these matters and it might 
be worth applauding a drop 
in the hysteria level which in 
any case usually attracts 
charges of vultures preying 
on the misfortunes or others. 

However, the situation in 
South Africa now is perhaps 
slightly different and de- 
serves some second thoughts. 
In a world accustomed to 
instant communications and 
a panoply of information 
sources, the most fundamen- 
tal difference is that the level 
of uncertainty about events 
there is extremely high and 
increasing by the day. The 
government's news blackout 
applies as much to events in 
and around the gold mines of 
Transvaal and the Orange 
Free State as to Soweto, 
Crossroads and the smoggy 
Mack townships of die east- 
ern Cape. 

If there was an uprising of 
black mineworkers which 
halted production yesterday 
at, say the Kloof or 
Venlerspost mines, we would 
not know. If a bomb put the 
President Steyn mine out of 
commission for three 
months, we would also be 
none the wiser. The Pretoria 
government has promised to 
maintain the media gag until 
it feels the spiralling violence 
that Iras shaken South Africa 
for almost two years has been 
brought under control. 

By using its own criteria — 
and President PW Botha is 
not prepared to use anybody 
rise's - it would be a fool who 
put money on a return, to 

normality on any particular 
date soon. 

On top of that uncertainty, 
there is also the possibility 
that the tentative structure 
which passes for industrial 
relations in the South African 
mines could break down 
completely. It became appar- 
ent last week that Mr Cyril 
Ramaphosa, ibe general sec- 
retary of the black National 
Union of Mineworkers, bad 
gone into biding to avoid 
joining bis many trade union 
colleagues who have been 
thrown into detention since 
the state of emergency was 

Whether be succeeds is 
evading the security forces, 
Mr Ramaphosa is effectively 
out of action as far as his 
union is concerned at a time 
when wage talks with the 
Chamber of Mines are in 
progress. As usual, the two 
sides are miles apart The 
NUM. which claims almost 
250,000 members, is seeking 
a pay rise of 45 per cent from 
next week, while the chamber 
is offering between 12 and !7 

Even the chamber, a nor- 
mally-coaservative body, has 
expressed concern at the situ- 
ation and rightly so. The state 
of emergency has disrupted 
the consultation process an 
along the line, between 
unions and employers as well 
as between union leaders and 
their members. 

It is desperately difficult to 
predict what might happen at 
the mines should the state of 
emergency continue to sus- 
tain this industrial relations 
hiatus. It is possible to envis- 
age the black miners, embold- 
ened by the rising level of 
black unrest elsewhere in 
South Africa and without an 
effective leadership to temper 
their actions, trying to disrupt 

Whatever transpires, there 
is a good chance that as for as 
the international gold mar- 
kets are concerned, the devel- 
opments in South Africa will 
take place in conditions of 
imperfect information — per- 
haps the most vital ingredient 
of price volatility. 

Richard Lauder 





By Richard Lander 

Mr Nick Oppenheim, the 
financier, yesterday dismissed 
a wanting from Aitken Home 
that his £82 million bid for the 
financial services group would 
ran Into insoluble problems ia 
the United States. 

In a letter to shareholders, 
Mr Tony Constance, Aitken 
Hume's chief executive, said 
American financial regnla- 

Nfck Oppenheim: no 
change of control 
lions meant that NSR, 
Aftken's valuable American 
subsidiary, would lose its en- 
tire fund management busi- 
ness if control changed hands. 
Appointment of new invest- 
ment advisers by NSR’s inde- 
pendent directors could fake 
four .to six mouths, the tetter 

Although Mr Oppenheim 's 
company, Tranwood. has 
made the resolution of NSR’s 
affairs a condition of the bid, 
Mr Constance said the inde- 
pendent directors would not 
even consider the bad until it 
was wholly conditional and the 
contracts had ended. 

“The rally offer open to 
Tranwood' Is to waive the 
condition leaving yon to risk 
the loss of NSR's entire 
business,” the letter added. 

However, Mr Oppenheim 
maintained yesterday that the 
bid would not involve a change 
of control as Aitken share- 
holders would own 90 per cent 
of Tranwood’s shares. Even if 
control were denned to have 
changed, he said Tranwood’s 
American lawyers and finan- 
cial advisers had suggested 
that the process of appointing 
investment advisers would 
take 8-9 weeks at the outside. 

Broad St 

... Broad StreeMhe CStypublic 
relations group, is planning to 
come to the stock market 
through a reverse takeover of 
StaneJco, the USM-quoted 
heating equipment firm, 
which yesterday suspended its 
shares at 70p while talks take 

Headed by Mr Brian 
Basham. Broad Street handled 
the campaigns for United 
Biscuits and Aigyll in their 
recent bid battles. The compa- 
ny is eager to come to. the 
market and sees a tie-up with 
Stanelco as being quicker and 
cheaper than submitting to a 

StaneJco is controlled by Mr. 
Peter Beswick, a partner in 
Henderson Crostb waite, the 
broker and Mr David Landau, 
a solicitor. - 
Mr. Landau caused contro- 
versy last year when, as a non- i| 
executive director of 
Management Agency and Mu- 
sic (MAM) he refused to sign a 
circular being sent to share- 
holders proposing the merger 
with Chrysalis. 

He said yesterday that, as- 
suming a deal is agreed with 
Broad Street, there would be 
no repeat of that affair. 

German economy resumes 
growth after downturn 

Frankfurt, (AP-Dow Jones) employment gams ’“would bad Men by 46 per cent from 
Rising domestic demand, hot” dent the country^ unem- December,. 1985. to May, 

ptoymenl total of about 2.1 masking a 7 per cent rise in 
million. import volume in the same 

The Bundesbank said that period 
economic growth was also The bank said that, as a 
carried increasingly by domes- result. West Gentians spent 
tic demand for capital and only about DM19 billion for 
consumer goods. The asser- their net energy imports in the 
lion comes in the wake of first four months of 1986 or 
increasing pressure on West' about a third less than a year 
Germany and Japan to boost earlier. The central bank pro- 
domestic demand through in-: jected that spending on oil and 
terest rate cuts and fiscal oil product imports for the 

support^ % filling oil prices, 
is helping the West German 
economy to grow after a first- 
quarter slump. 

- The Bundesbank, in its 
economic report for last 
month, said that the cold 
winter and the eariyEaster 
holidays sent the country’s 

r > national product down 
I per cent, in the first 
quarter from the' fourth quar- 

ter of 1985. GNP was still up « measures as a way of reducing year would be cut in half in 

1.6 per cent from the first 
quarter of 1985. 

After correcting these dis- 
tortions, . however, the 
Bundesbank said that GNP at 
least held the level of 1 9SS*s 
fourth quarter. Eariy indica- 
tions for the period after April 
indicated that the economy 
was again growing. 

Despite the softness of the 

large trade surpluses. 

The Bundesbank cut its key 
discount lending rate to 3% 
per cent from 4 per cent in 
March, but it has since avoid- 
ed loosening monelary grips 
for fear of accelerating money 
supply growth, which is al- 
ready well-above target 

The central bank said: 

1986 from 1985’s DM80 

This meant that West Ger- 
man private households 
would spend an estimated 
DM15 billion less on energy 
this year, effectively allowing 
them an extra I per cent in 
spendable income. 

The central bank added 
that if import and export 

“While the upward move in w 

first quarter, increasing earn* fb e are ® <tomesuc ttemand prices from *eariy 1985 were 
ployment levels were a signifi- is un m ista k a b le, the German used as a base, the foreign 

export sector has for some - - - - - 

time now lost its role as 
economic motor." 

The decline in oil prices 
would further support domes- 
tic demand but it had also 
widened the country’s trade 
surplus. Mark import prices 
for crude oil and oil products 

cant sign of growth prospects, 
the Bundesbank said. The 
number employed rose by 
80,000 from the fourth quarter 
of 1985, and gained 240,000 
from a year earlier. 

This showed that compa- 
nies expected business expan- 
sion to continue, although the 

trade surplus in the first four 
months of the year would 
have shrunk by DM6 billion 
from a year earlier. At current 
prices, however, the trade 
surplus reportedly rose by 
DM 1 3 billion to DM32 billion 
in the four month to May 
from a year earlier. 

The following resolution war passed at a Board Meeting held 

Resolved th»t the final dividend on the Ordinary Share Capi- 
tal of 7.6% be recommended and, if approved, will be paid on 
the 14th August 1986 to shareholders on the register at the 
close of business on the 31st July 198& 

The following are the unaudited pre limin ary figures for the 

year ended 29th March' 1986; - - 

Profit and Loss Account (HistoriaJ Basis) 

1986 1985 

rooo rooo 


Operating Profit 

27,482 25,138 






Adam & Company 




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Continental Trust 


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t Mortgage Base Rate. 


Profit before taxation 

Profit after taxation 

Interim - 3.4% (1985 2.4%) 
Proposed Final - 7.6% ... 
(1985 6.6%) 

Amount set aside to reserves ■ 







Earnings per share of 25p . . . 442p I8.1p 

The record profits have been achieved through further in- 
creases in turnover and output, and the cost of raw materials 
returning to a more, normal leveL ' 

Currently the Company has a frill order book and margins 
have been maintained despite increases in raw material costs. 
Once the disruption from rebuilding NoJl Machine has been 
absorbed the prospects are that turnover and output will 
further increase this year, which should benefit results. 

The Annual General Meeting will be held at Buroeside Milts, 
Kendal, on Friday the 1st August 1986 at 10.30 a.m. 

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Law Report June 24 1 986 

Disjunctive ‘and’ invalidates trust 

Attorney General of the Baha- 
mas > Royal Trust Co and 

Before Lord Keith of Ktnkd. 
Lord Tcmpteman. Land Grif- 
fiths. Lord Oliver of Aylracnon 
and Lord Golf of Chievelej 
{Opinion given June 25 j 

A testamentary gift for ihe 
“education and welfare of Baha- 
mian children and young 
people" did not consuiuie valid 
charitable trusts and was there- 
fore void. 

The Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council so held tn 
dismissing an aqpcal by ihc 
Attorney General from the judg- 
ment at the Court of Appeal of 
the Bahamas on October 26. 
1983 dismissing his appeal from 
part of ihc judgment of Chief 
Justice Blake on April 30. 1 982. 
in the Supreme Court {Equity 
Side), who in proceedings 
brought by the first respondent, 
the Royal Trust Co agiinsi. inter 
alia, the second respondent. Mr 
Ernest Raymond Lawson, and 
the Attorney Genera L declared 
that the trusts were void. 

Mr George Newman, QC and 
Mr Jonathan Harvie for the 
Attorney General: Mr J.M. 
Chadwick. QC and Miss Lind- 
sey Stewart for the second 
respondent; the first respondent 
did not appear and was not 

LORD OLIVER said that the 
question raised in the appeal 
arose from the provisions oi 
clause 15 of the will of the 
testator. Mr Albert Edward 
Worswick. who died in 1953. As 

varied b> the third codicil, 
paragraph' (ll of clause 15 pro- 

“All ihe res I residue and 
remainder of my trust estate l 
direct mv trustees io pa> over to 
(the trustees of his trust estate} 
upon trust to invest the same 
and in their absolute and 
uncontrolled discretion to use 
the income therefrom and an> 
pan of the capital thereof for 
any purposes for and/or con- 
nected with the education and 
we Ha re of Bahamian children 
and young people . . 

By clause 16 he bequeathed 
the whole of the remainder of 
his personal estate to his widow. 


The first respondent was now 
the sole trustee of ihc will and 
had rightly adopted an entirely 
neutral attitude on Lhe appeal. 
The second respondent repre- 
sented the estate of the testator's 
widow, who died in 1 968. 

The sole question was the true 
construction of paragraph (t) 
and it was common ground 
between the parties that if die 
trusts declared therein were 
trusts solely for the “wclfiire” of 
Bahamian children and young 
persons they would not. as the 
authorities stood, be valid char- 
itable trusts. 

If the words “education and 
welfare” were to be construed 
disjunctively (that is, as embrac- 
ing two distinct purposes) the 
appeal failed since the fund 
would then be capable of being 
applied in perpetuity to pur- 
poses some of which might be 
non -charitable. 

Mr Newman contended on 
behalf of the Auomev General 
that, readme the will and Lhe 
codials as a whole, the true 
construction of the paragraph 
was one which involved reading 
the word “and” m ns conjunc- 
tive seine, and so the only 
purposes for which the trusi 

mortevs were authorized to be 
disbursed by the paragraph were 
purposes which were not merely 
for the welfare of Bahamian 
children and young persons but 
were also educational. 

To put it another wav the 
word ‘■education’* limited the 
word “welfare” and there was 
only one overall purpose of the 
trust and that was the purpose of 
educational welfare. 

It was not easy io imagine a 
purpose connected with the 
education of a child which was 
not also a purpose for the child's 

Thus if “welfare” was to be 
given any separate meaning at 
all it had to be something 
different from and wider than 
mere education, for otherwise 
ihc words became otiose. 

Mr Newman had submitted 
that, in the context of the 
paragraph as a whole, “welfare” 
was used in the sense of “welfare 
ancillary to education”. 

But “welfare" was a word of 
the widest import and when 
used in connection with- a class 
of "children and young people” 
generally was capable of 
embracing almost anything 
which would lead to the 
enhancement of the quality of 
life of any member of the class. 

Mr Newman's difficulty then 

Government officials must 
attest to notes 

Mslti Guarantee Co Ltd and 
Another r Cavalier Insurance 
Co Ltd 

Before Mr Justice Knox 
{Judgment given June 17] 

Officials of the Department of 
Trade and Industry were re- 
quired to produce notes record- 
ing information given to them 
in confidence by directors of 
Cavalier Insurance Co Lid. Mr 
Justice Knox ruled in the Chan- 
cery Division on an application 
by the department to discharge 
orders of subpoena duces tecum 
and of subpoena ad testifican- 
dum. His Lordship ordered the 
witnesses to attend, to produce 
the documents in question and 
to give evidence. 

His Lordship so ruled on an 
(application by the department, 
intervening in proceedings in 
which the plaintiffs. Multi 
Guarantee Co Lid and Magnet 
Marketing Productions Ltd. 
were seeking certain declaratory 
and other relief against Cavalier 
Insurance Co Ltd, now in 
liquidation, and certain other 
defendants including former 
directors of Cavalier. 

Mr John Mummery for the 
department; Mr Joint Chad- 
wick, QC and Miss Elizabeth 
G loser for the plaintiffs: Mr 5. 
E. Brodie, QC and Miss Barbara 
Dohmann for the defendants. 

that the notes of lhe confidential 
meetings between Cavalier's 
directors and the officials of the 
Department of Trade and In- 
dustry had, with certain pas- 
sages blacked out. been 
disclosed to Cavalier's liq- 
uidator by the department. The 
Cavalier liquidator bad dis- 
closed such notes in the course 
of discovery in the present 
proceedings, and it was com- 
mon ground that Cavalier itself 
consented to such disclosure. 

A point of law arose which 
was not covered by the authori- 
ties, and in particular Conti- 
nental Reinsurance Corporation 
(UK) Ltd v Pine Top Insurance 
Lid(\ 1986] 1 Lloyd’s Rep S). 

It was accepted that although 
public imetest immunity could 
not be waived, ft was capable of 
evaporating if the relevant con- 

sents of persons involved in the 
giving and receiving or the 
information were given to its 
disclosure. What was in issue 
was just what consents were 
needed for the immunity to 

Mr Chadwick contended that 
consents were needed from 
persons on whose behalf the 
information was given; a 
distinction had to be drawn 
between the situation where 
directors were giving informa- 
tion on behalf of a company, 
when it would be the company 
and not the directors whose 
consent was needed, and the 
situation where the directors 
were giving information in- 
dividually to the department in 
a persona] capacity. 

Mr Mummery said that the 
consent of anyone involved was 
needed, whether they were 
speaking or were merely present 
at the meetings in question, and 
that the basis of the doctrine of 
immunity was not the propri- 
etary right of the person giving 
or receiving information but the . 
protection of the public 

His Lordship preferred Mr 
Mummery's analysis. But once 
it was accepted that the immu- 
nity was not absolute, one 
necessarily postulated that the 
potential wells of information 
who were likely to dry up were 
persons who would appreciate 
the individual grounds on 
which, exceptionally, the court 
would decide that the admin- 
istration of justice should pre- 
vail over the other public 
interest immunity. 

If therefore the immunity 
had, in any particular case, been 
severely eroded by partial 
disclosure, that was a matter 
which could and should be 
taken into account on the basis 
that a potential volunteer of 
information would not be de- 
terred from giving information 
if he saw the court permitting 
disclosure of what was already 
largely disclosed. 

If the cat bad got all four legs 
out of the bag, there was little 
point in holding on to its tail, ft 
was a matter of degree in any 
particular case, 

Mr Mummery accepted that 

the information was released to 
the Official Receiver in his 
capacity as liquidator. 

His Lordship accepted Mr 
Chadwick's submission that it 
was a natural inference that the 
department had in fact ex- 
ercised, by blacking out. such 
immunity rights as they consid- 
ered necessary, and that the rest 
of the material was not consid- 
ered subject to immunity. 

Use by the liquidator would 
include use in litigation. On 
balance the claim to immunity 
was significantly impaired, and 
in the light of those factors, and 
on the view which his Lordship 
had formed, as to the potential 
relevance of the material, his 
Lordship concluded that it 
would be proper for him to look 
at the notes in question. 

The under secretary of state's 
certificate, as Mr Mummery 
submitted, played only a limited 
role. His Lordship accepted that 
the department's claim was a 
claim to class immunity, but did 
not treat tbe certificate as having - 
any weight beyond establishing 
the existence of the class and the 
presence of the documents 
within it. In particular the court 
had not taken the certificate into 
account in deriding whether or 
not to examine the documents. 

It was not an adequate reason 
for rejecting the minister's 
certificate that it did not contain 
an accurate or exhaustive state- 
ment of the persons whose 
consents would render the claim 
to immunity no longer valid. 

[His Lordship examined the 
daarments in private, and hav- 
ing directed that the court 
should go into camera, in order 
that he might ask further ques- 
tions. he delivered a further 
judgment in camera (which he 
subsequently said should be 
treated as having been given in 
open court), as a result of which 
bis Lordship refused to set aside 
the subpoenas, and ordered the 
Department of Trade and In- 
dustry to pay the pl 2 inlifft* costs 
of and incidental to the 
department's motion.) 

Solicitors: Treasury Solicitor; 
Coward Chance: Herbert 
Oppenheimer, Nathan & 

was to find an\ context, either in 
the paragraph itself or in other 
part*, of the will, for subordinat- 
ing that wide concept to the 
object of education 
Their Lordships were unable 
to discern anv context from 
which the "inference of 
xubordi nation could be drawn 
and that difficulty would remain 
even tf the trustees had been 
directed simply to apply the 
income for “cducanon and 

The difficulty wns. however, 
compounded bj the additional 
and not unimportant words “for 
any purposes for and/or con- 
nected with.” for. if Mr Neu- 
man were otherwiM.* able to link 
toe word “wcirare’* with the 
preceding word “education" in 
a conjuniic sense, it would then 
be impossible to find a purpose 
which was connected with 
"welfare" (used in ihat ancillary 
sense) which was not also 
“connected with" education, so 
thai the reference to “welfare” 
would again become otiose. 

Their Lordships agreed with 
toe Chief Justice and the Court 
of Appeal that the phrase 
“education and welfare" in the 
will inevitably fell to be con- 
strued disjunctively. 

It followed that the trusts in 
paragraph (t) did not constitute 
valid charitable trusts and that 
ihc residue of toe trust estate fell 
into the residuary gift in clause 

Their Lordships recom- 
mended that the appeal should 
be dismissed. 

Solicitors: Charles Russell & 
Co: Stephenson Harwood. 

Acting in 
of office 

Regina v Waltham Forest 
Justices, Ex parte Solanke 
Before Sir John Donaldson. 
Master of the Rolls. Lord Justice 
Purchas and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given June 23] 

A justice of the peace was 
acting in the execution of his 
office within the meaning of 
section 52 of the Justices of the 
Peace An 1979 notwithstanding 
that he was acting in excess of 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when dismissing an appeal by 
the applicant. Mr Lapido 
Solanke. from Mr Justice Woolf 
(The Times January 12, 1985) 
who had found in favour of the 
Waltham Forest Justices that 
the damages payable to the 
applicant were limited under 
section 52 of the 1 979 Act to one 
penny in respect of his commit- 
tal to prison for six weeks, 
without jurisdiction but in good 
faith, for failure to pay mainte- 
nance to his former wife for 
their children. 

Mr John Laws for the justices. 

ROLLS said that the original 
High Court maintenance, order 
had never been registered in the 
magistrates' court. 

There had been no jurisdic- 
tion to order the applicant to 
pay arrears or to sen tence him to 
imprisonment in default. He 
had had a valid complaint. 

Section 44 applied to acts 
done by a justice within his 
jurisdiction. There was a query 
whether an action for such acts 
could be brought at all. 

It was important to note toe. 
contrast between the words of 
section 52 “in the execution of 
his office" and the words of 
section 44 “in the execution of 
his duly". 

“Office” would cover any- 
thing done without jurisdiction 
or in excess of jurisdiction, so 
the section applied provided the 
mailers in paragraphs (u) and ( b ) 
were true. In the circumstances 
the appeal failed. 

Lord Justice Purchas and 
Lord Justice Stocker agreed. 
Solicitors: Treasury Solicitor. 

Admitting similar fact evidence 

Regina v Buffer 

Before Lord Justice Glide well, 

Mr Justice Jupp and Sir Ralph 

Kilner Brown 

[Reasons given June 20] 

Where the particular facts 
alleged by the prosecution in 
relation to charges of m decent 
assault and rape bore a striking 
similarity to previous sexual 
behaviour which had taken 
place between the defendant and 
a former girlfriend, albeit with 
her consent, the girlfriend's 
evidence as to that behaviour 
was admissible under the “simi- 
lar facts” principle as having 
positive probative value. 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division) dismissed an 
appeal by the defendant. Dermis 
Butler, who was convicted upon 
two counts each of rape and 
indecent assault on October 28, 
19S3 at Oxford Crown Court, 
before Judge Leo Clark, QC and 
a jury, and sentenced to a total 
of eight yeans’ imprisonmeat- 

Mr J. G Willis, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. for tbe defendant; Mr G J. 
M. Tyrer for the Crown. 

BROWN, delivering the re- 
served reasons of the court for 
dismissing the appeal on June 
13. said that at about 10J0 pm 
on November 18. 1982. Miss W, 
then aged 19. was waiting at a 
bus stop in Oxford when a man 
said to be tbe defendant drew up 
in his car and asked her the way 
to Radley. 

She offered to show him the 
way in return for a lift to her 
home. On the way he aopped 
the car and with one hand on the 
back of her head, forced her face 
down towards his lap, told her to 
undo the zip of his flies and 
insisted that she gave him oral 
sex and perform other indecent 

She did so because he said he 
had a knife and she was fright- 
ened. Having resumed their 
journey the defendant even- 
tually came to halt in a farm 
driveway where he raped her. 

He then dropped her near to 
her home. She faier discovered 
that, one of her ear-rings was 

At the police station she made 
a statement naming an innocent 

man because, she said, it was 
indicated to her that she knew 
her attacker. She also falsely 
stated that she had been forced 
imo the car because she had 
been scared that she would not 
be believed and would be criti- 
cized for accepting a lift from a 

On forensic medical examina- 
tion seminal stains which con- 
tained no spermatozoa were 
found on vaginal swabs taken 
from Miss W and on ber clothes. 

The absence of live 
spermatozoa indicated that the 
man concerned either had a 
disease or had undergone a. 
vasectomy. The defendant had 
undergone such an operation 
several years earlier. 

Tyre impressions matching 
the lyres of the defendant's car 
were found at the place where 
Miss W said the offence bad 

When the defendant's car was 
searched several months bier in 
March 1983 by the scientific 
officer (he missing ear-ring was 
found. The defendant was not 
arrested until February 1983 as 
a result of the complaint made 
by the second victim. 

In February 1983, Miss G 
then aged 19, was waiting at a 
bus stop in Oxford when a man. 
again said to be the defendant 

g ulled up in his car and asked 
er for directions and she agreed 
to show him the way in return 
for a lift home: 

Is an identical attack to that 
on Mi» W he forced her to 
reflate him by putting his hand 
on the back of her neck and 
telling her he had a knife and 
would use it 

He also performed other in- 
decent acts on her and then 
stopped the cara little further on 
and raped her. After rt was all 
over he drove off in the direc- 
tion of her home and dropped 
her off. 

She complained to the police 
and was able to describe the- 
place where it happened and the 
son of car used. 

The defendant's car was 
found to be similar when he was 
arrested. He refused to go on an 
identification parade and in 
consequence confrontations 
were arranged. 

Miss W failed to identify him 

but Miss C recognized him, 
somewhat doubtfully by his 
appearance, but more definitely 
by bis voice when he spoke. 

When toe defendant's car was 
examined, hairs which were 
microscopically similar to Miss 
C*s were found. 

Fibres similar to those from 
toe carpet of toe car were found 
on her clothes and fibres similar 
to those from her clothes were 
found on the defendant's cloth- 
ing. The number of fibres 
transferred indicated fairly 
substantial contact between toe 
respective wearers of toe cloth- 

Application was made to call 
a certain Mrs U as a prosecution 
witness and that was resisted by- 
defence counseL The judge 
ruled in favour of toe applica- 

Mrs U gave evidence that she 
had had a sexual relationship 
with the defendant from sum- 
mer 1978 when she was not 
quite 16 until December 1980. 

Sexual behaviour occurred at 
limes in his car. Oral sex was 
sometimes performed and then 
he would usually keep his hand 
on toe back of her neck and 
compel her to perform acts 
similar to those which he had 
forced the victims to perform. 

She also identified the scenes 
of the rapes as being places 
where she had been with the 
defendant for sexual purposes. 
She was a consenting pany to all 
that occurred between them. 

The first ground of appeal 
concerned the admissibility of 
the evidence of Mrs U which 
was admitted under toe “similar 
tacts” principle. 

The principles which emerged 
from the various authorities 
could be summarised as follows. 

Evidence of similar farts 
mighi be admissible whether or 
not ihey tended to show 
commission of other offences. 

Thai evidence might be 
admitted (a) if it tended to show 
that the accused had committed 
the particular crime with which 
he was charged; or (bj to support 
the identification of ihc accused 
as the man who committed toe 
particular crime and in appro- 
priate cases, to rebui the defence 
of alibi: or (c) to negative a 

defence of accident or of inno- 
cent conduct. 

Notwithstanding an estab- 
lished admissibility in law. the 
judge in toe exercise of his 
discretion might refuse to admit 
toe evidence if lhe prejudicial 
effect outweighed its probative 

In the defendant's case the 
judge set out eight particular 
features in toe evidence of Mrs 
Li which the prosecution 
submitted showed a striking 
similarity to the offences with 
which the defendant was 

The judge rightly took the 
view that they were not only 
strikingly simitar but in their 
weight were very substantial 

The defence submitted that 
because toe acts performed with 
Mrs U were done with consent 
they were not strikingly similar 
to the same sort of acts which 
were done under compulsion. 
Th3t argument was mis- 
conceived'and the court rejected 

Mrs U knew the defendant 
very well and there was no issue 
of identification so iar as she 
was concerned The defendant 
was also identified by Miss C. 
There was toe finding of Miss 
W’s ear-ring in the defendant's 

There was no question of 
there being no link or of weak 
links in identification between 
the witness giving evidence of 
similar facts and the persons 
making toe allegations of sexual 
assaults. The judge exercised his 
discretion carefully and prop- 

Indeed when it came to the 
exercise of discretion, if the 
similar facts relied on did not 
constitute toe commission of 
Other offences there was likely to 
be less prejudicial effect than if 
thej did. 

The judge’s ruling was in 
eterv respect entirely correct 
and there was no misdirection 
b\ the judge to the jury suf- 
ficient to raise any doubts 
whatsoever as to the correctness 
of the verdicts. 

Solicitor. Mr P. D. F. 
Kiggin bottom. Rochdale (for- 
merly of Reading). 


From jour portfolio card dm* vour 
eight share price movements. Add them 
np to me’ 'ou jour overall toiaL Check 
litis against the daily dividend figure 
published no lhts page- If it matches you 

daily prirc money stated. If jou are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
frarL- of vour card. You roust always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Lack of support for equities 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 16. Dealings end Friday. §Contango day Monday. Settlement day July 7. 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

© rmswwwfi** 

. £4,000 

Gaims required for 

Claimants sfaoaM riagQ2S4-53272 









Hill Sanutrl 

Li»iwr (U-aiicn 



Brrni Chems 



Banks. Discount 

Drapers .Stores 


|(*2r3EE23i3i I 


16 V 13% RM M 01 CM tl5% 
380 *0 Ro* Bt* at &» 3W • 

i«'i 5'* ScftrodBfE £B'i 

55 33 Smfli St Aubyfi 47 

8SC 419 SmndOtai 802 

SiS 813 Uown t&3 

68 43'. WWS F*BO riff'* 

320 220 Wmwusi 295 

.. 143 43 92 

% 192 Z* 152 

26 U 42 
7 438 SA 14 

.. 523 7.8 888 


low A Bonar 


'WE mjmzriumwu+w 


Short celt 

InduMnob A-D 

Indus) ruts E-k 

Charter Cons 

MK Bed 


Beattie (Jamal "A" 

Bank of Scotland 

House of Lerosc 

Tnmhcuise Forte 



Matthews (Bernard 1 


Ansiucher t Henri l 

diver lG» 




Industnals A-D 

Industrial* S-Z 


348 248 
840 620 
ffl 26 

i44 as 

500 375 
182 147 
sea jos 

515 410 

940 640 
204 IK 
2«t 183 
355 275 

48a 405 

31 59 

179 158 
288 <73 

114 77 

SI 217 
244 131 

n* to? 

4V, 30% 
540 353 
313 223 
315 228 
251 188 
535 41 D 

o<3 1S5 

/M eg Lyons 



Brown iMttmsw) 
Bdmar (H PJ 
Burfonwood Bw 
Curt tSManw) 
Carman U Al 
GreenH wnffly 
Greens Keg 

Hanna 6 Hansons 
H swna Da d 
fnvtmoiaon Dad 
ban ttefl 

Mforai Thomason 


SA Br*Msn» 

S«x4 New 

S e a cta un 


WaervaO A' 


wnaarsad nv 
WoHns mn i 4 □ 



485 • 




940 •♦15 

180 9+3 


221 • 


245 ■ .. 

158 *-5 

210 -1 
£40% **» 

420 • 

295 ■ .. 

294 (*5 

223 • .. 

535 • .. 

280 • .. 

156 19 155 
21.7 28 167 
19 28101 
4.6 39 17A 
2000 4.1 179 
70 4 2 135 
14-3 24 129 

107 21 20.4 
16-6 20 275 

78 44 129 
72 34 147 
104 37 123 
24 1 49 14$ 

29 34 146 
88 44 10.4 

50 27 .. 
24 27 184 
9.1 37 134 

1Q0 44 144 

41.1 14 .. 
184 39 184 

11.1 38 128 
11.1 27 129 

108 4 8 286 
127 44 198 
104 27 194 

HUnls. Discount 




Industrials L-R 

Please be sore to take account 
of aay mines signs 

167 71 Concentric 
54 26 CmSmmry 
m 74 Cook (tttnl 
570 358 Crx&son 
88 32 Curat (R 
ill D 1 ? Ccsab 
42 33i Camay Pin 
81 40 Cowan Da Soot 

174 121 CmtlhMM 
212 138 • CSuan House 
^e-iias*! Cunsnna JVfc 
48 X DSC 
315 207V 0PCE 
305 SOS Oafcety 
23% 1M Dbh 
90 48 (Ms ft Met .’* 

22S T78 DM* A Nvwacn 
116 92 -Oevy 
ta%Ti5 Os La Rub 
Z» 171 Dd» 

260 188 IMadSM|*q 

315 158 OMOUMT 
19*1 17% Otatae Heel 
371 251 Optoma 
102% 83 Down Part 
110 96 Ocm 
118 SS DoMrtort H 
137 57V Omni 
135 25 Dm* 

67 81 Open CJ4J) 

96 72 /Da 'A' 

10* • .. 
43 •+! 

506 «~3 


in +a 


■ . .. 
200 . 

2161 4 • +3 
38 ■ 

305 >10 

Z7B d-3 
EZ2% ♦*» 

2T0 •-! . 

Ill -2 

E10U • 

20 * • -2 
253 • .. 



101 . .'I 


IQS 4-1 
tSI -IV 
133- %* 



.56 54 U2 
13 34 ID* 
68 44 114 

11.1 24 134 

2.1 Z7 430 

46 4i 174 

124 34 121 
34 48 294 
68 39 14.1 

11.1 & 6 114 

375 23 

a?» i« .. 

23 06424 
174 84 104 

84 A* " 
U3 68 67 
S3 44104 

47.1 49 121 
93. 48 1D.1 

118 « 82 
104 AO 108 
OS 24 164 
74 34 145 
74 73 144 
7.1 68 114 

74 75 0£ 
19 38154 

27 86 206 
62 74184 





Untawr (NV) 



war Proooctt 
M gje n fg Bi 

Wade Poonaa 

wIwbm Raaua 
WBtam HWgi 

WAM co . 

24B 228 
164 128 

ns m 

193 110 
X IB': 
20 194 

43 16 

27V If 
185 163 . 

194 153 

7B 79 
94 93 

148 114 

Aann Hina 



Equty 8 Qsi 
. tranr B Sme 

Hat Home Leans 
00 8% 

238 14 08 .. 

158 *1 32 2.1 84 

62S r -42 3330 S3 S3 


flBh .. 17.1 09 742 

263 .. 5.7 22 414 


2i'i -4V 1.7 74 98 

166 • .. 69 Al 23.1 

133 0*3 848 44 262 


Ftoandal Trust* appear on Pag* 22 


JV A 1 Z 0 M/v Baamr 
I Met Cansds 
l Amatiham 
3 Anchor Omtal 
i BTP 

>V Bflver (ABO 
t BUyjon 
1 B»M1 Crums 
& Bead 
I Caiamg (W) 
1 CoelBS Bros 
! Do -A 
s gory (Hwaeaj 

I Do DM 
! Efes 8 Evarard 
i Fosdco-UnaeD 
I HaMead (Jones) 

I Httaon 
IV Hascnsi DM50 
I Imp Cnam tad 
I Lapane 
! L«gh 
I Rvsu 

ReaCfoofc HUgs 

5uCfcHa Speskman 

I WWsrenhotne Rnk 
Yort»MB Cham 

400 9 0 .. 

38 1.9 19.7 

10.0 24 154 
6 « 26 139 

5.7 AO 204 
700 79 .. 

103 82 184 

80 SS 178 

. . . . 184 

81 43 20.1 

10.7 A0 104 

66 AS B7 
66 50 84 

89 51 59 

104 83 164 

. . . . I3A 

84 43160 

139 48 114 
A4 A4 11.7 
214 44 113 

47.1 46 108 

114 34 15.1 
54 50 15 5 

39 14 187 
38 51 81 
35 37 184 

11.1 44 254 

A3 3.1 128 

1*4 -2 


26 16A 

a • . 


90 560 

320 -8 


35 155 

316 -2 


26 120 

106 «-1 


4.7 314 

537 -25 


01 104 

335 -5 


A* 9S 

15% +■• 

. . 204 

283 -2 


A3 SO 



03 106 




155 -1 


17 185 



70 274 



14 24.1 

ISO 0*2 


07 S3 

220 r 


A7 120 

193 r .. 


03 11.1 

238 -7 

104b 40 25 1 

174 • .. 


16 235 


53 207 

2io -a 

853 -5 


ZB 100 
16 19.1 

218 -2 


24 190 

283 *+7 


11 17.7 



05 00 



14 230 

256 0-2 


20 184 

100 *2 


21 IAS 



01 610 

535 -10 

IS 100 

) 230 s+4 

14 225 




71 150 
09 214 
Al 100 
A0 137 



288 -2 


06 156 

170 0*2 


14 1*6 



17 146 

227 d+5 


15 105 

458 0-6 


06 125 

388 d-2 


20 225 

ISO *3 


01 T74 

208 +2 

588 0-2 


05 124 

37B d-3 


20 196 

298 -3 


A7 121 

244 0-2 

118b 06 132 






Brand Met 408 134 33 13.7 

Kaoneay Brcoua 2*0 m .. Zi 03 lit 

L MKM 352 -2 181 AS 188 

Lor Park HCMb 529 ♦« IAS Z7 131 

F.tauia CnorVHM 88V o*T: 20 24 144 

pmx a w Hoaa» as +i 21 25 133 

Quart* Moat 72V el 24 32 154 

Savoy Hotan ■ A" 375 BO 13 144 

SstJ 77 .1 13 25 17J 

TrusOWusa ftn 169 ♦! 78 A8 137 

250 176 Angug TV TV 

SO 27 Grampan 
7*0 178 MTV N/W 
361 263 LWTMdp 
3S0 188 Sew TVS 
253 153 TVS N/V 
43 31 TSV* 

134 54 135 
29 59 7.1 
114 53 98 

2U 59 145 
150 A4 119 
114 4 5 121 
29 50 114 





SM 193 
83 65 

289 2M 
1BV 8% 
520 356 
9V 4V 
280 230 
4C9 3W 
590 439 
655 410 
438 206 
57 36 

42% 33’, 
51 32 

80 48 

Up 80‘. 
770. -21 7: 
2:2 148 
373 242 
197 ES 
336 2TI 
430 333 
74 55V 

4fi0 318 
!tt 139 
VO 55s 
451 293 
40 22 

S*3 703 
153 130 
599 417 
3?i a? 
533 A’5 
122 90 
449 260 
80 63 
132 W2 

Med trtta 
AnstHCtan Horny) 

Baric Of Ireland 
Seme uun Israel 
Bark Laum im 
Bank Of SCOWO 
Brawn Snptar 
Otar AMft 

CM 50 NUtaBR 



ton Bank W des 
DsiCsOW B»* 
Pnt Mat Fmam* 
Gcrrxd NK 
Ml Sarnu# 

H% Sna^» 
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Hot; 3 Sivasan 
hlflievrct: Bensan 
Mar cuv «d 
Gn 6% A 

kt A. y St 
Rea Sraa 
HomeenMl O) Md 

278 4.3 

82 -1 

228 M 

flO - . ♦>« 

405 • .. 



409 +5 


6tt -5 

338 • .. 

55 V 

£39'. *V 

EB2-. *<■ 

E934V *1 

192 *1 

332 •-£ 

87 *-2 

736 *1 

405 ■♦2 

56 i -v 

460 *5 



355 n-3 


798 -15 

140 *6 


26J »-a 

447 1 -13 


326 -2 


90 33 

42 S 

ISO 66 .. 

160 97 114 
204 44 90 
266 W 71 

13.6 22 285 
289 88 105 
26 47 154 
139 49 .. 
2T» 53 . 

36 73 04 

34 A3 11 J 
60 01 . 
2M 5.1 .. 
40 21116 

22 1 67 1D3 

24 13 134 
. n 95 
IBS 47 00 

174 18 213 

125 93 129 
2S.T 12 118 
20 0 5 6 54 
23 64 13.7 

27 J 55 51 
600 67 82 
155 47 115 

18 23231 
65 5* 1*5 


180 43 000 385 -5 

1B> 120 Otahamerc 178 

121 39 A-nwaa 11s i 

99 50 Mncffi Corcul« ffl -6 

90 63 Anon S 

300 205 Ananac Coma 278 

53 4& AuiO Fdeuty 55 

226 140 aue Sac iffl 

370 240 BiCC 293 •-« 

138 64 BSR 96 -5 

S72 379 Baunname S65 • . 

280 217 Br Ttacecn 2M -* 

US 75 Gram Bonn Mm 100 • 

114 30»7 

21 1 2 18 2 

02 02 *3.6 
058 10 39 

36 12 B9 


2.1 H '30 
157 33 1A7 

24 24 AS 

100 IB 192 
10 7 «S 161 
43 A3 9* 


.- 2 * 

84 V 

• 6 . 
353 SS 
22 . t$>. 
123 75 
383 323 
a 42 

*3 33.- 

SO 35 
139 110 
204 (29 
:35 H5 
275 1$; 

>43 97 
323 196 
423 36 
)» 3* 
29 15 
*5 25 

193 154 
X T9 
62 48 

30 200 
262 136 
83 59 

88 ffl 
92 56 

ffl 25. 
90 ffl 
«Q 253 
a ffl 
33'. as-. 




85 i 


230 i?D 
8*3 516 
A* 285 
88 38 

250 »32 
142 53 

520 380 
223 145 
» U 



Eanfam bind 


• .. 


16 02 





• . . 


03 01 





• .. 


40 110 


29% Ebel 



08 101 


102% Saco 




A0 fft 0 


17% Bacarfca (AS V 





hot n 




AS 101 

1 20% Iff- 


• .. 


45 .. 



Encash Cttoa Clay 335 

101b 40113 

1 28% 19% EdCMOil OJ4J -8- 




0A -- 

1 isa 


Erdona Htxae 


m _ 

(Lob 00 116 

1 177^13?*? EtxopKn Fm riw 


• .. 

ft 0 

00 100 



Do 0% Prf 




53 .. 





• .. 






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35 140 










A2 106 • 










Ftaedta Afsic tad 
Farmer (JR) 


r .. 











Rta liKtamr 




80 17.4 ■ 






10 267 





17 .. 






02 11 


3i% Fobd 




13 00 






5A M0 

1 *1% 2 T 
199 157 



• .. 



50 10 



Frandi (Utomen 



80 .. 

75 M3 ■ 



GS Ini 


-1 ' 








4 8 12A 





• .. 


33 8A 




• .. 


A3 17 













33 16.1 


756% Gtna 










17 182 



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A rush to 





' C 

- -C7/ 

Even those traditio nalist s who 
have never laid hands on a 
computer and probably never 
wish to, have come to accept 
th at to day technology is an 
integral part of financial oper- 
ations and a key determining 
actor in the direction of 

Whether a bank uses tech- 
nology as a means of gaining a 
competitive edge, or as pan of 
a defensive strategy to avoid 

losing market share, the role of 

automation in all facets of the 
fi n a nc ial services industry is 
crucial in breaking down 
boundaries between estab- 
lished sectors of the industry 
- banking, broking, building 
societies and insurance. 

Equally important to a fi- 
nancial institution is its 
in the public’s eye - being 
Men as a market leader will 
help to attract customers and 
technology has become some- 
thing ofa vote-catcher here. In 

the recent study by the consul- 
tants Arthur Andersen, 97 per 
cent of the 600 financial 
respondents believed that 
technology would be impor- 
tant in maintaining or increas- 
ing competitive advantage; 
and 98 per cent believed that 
technology leadership would 
help a bank’s image and be an 
advantage in attracting new 

But not everyone is ready to 

drive the technological fron- 
tiers forward. For some, the 
decision to install computer 
systems is largely defensive 
and nowhere is there a better 

example of this than in thf» 

City where the pressure of 
time before Big Bang on 
October 27 is creating a rush 
for automation that is unlikely 
to leave everyone satisfied. 

The pace is being driven by 
a handful of large, technologi- 
cally advanced firms, includ- 
ing some of the major US 
houses who bring with them 
10 years’ valuable experience 
of deregulated trading fiom 

Wail Street These firms have 
automated their operations 
from the dealer’s desk through 
to the back office administra- 
tion and it is they who will 
determine what shape the 
market takes after Big Bang. 

But even the most sophisti- 
cated of these firms would 
admit that solutions put into 
place today are likely to need 
replacing soon. “Until we 
know what our trading re- 
quirements are going to be, we 
won't know what systems we 
will ultimately need,” says one 

Itis a sentiment repeated by 
nany of the smaller firms 
where the level of investment 
needed to install full-scale 
automation is unlikely to be 
justified by the volume of 
business after * 


- wi wuv VI 

- - — deregulation. As 

the distinctions between the 
traditional functions — banks, 
brokers, braiding societies, 
and so on — disappear, the 
need to carve a niche in the 
market is greater than ever. 

This is no less true in the 
retail sector where competi- 
tion is increasing between 
ranks and other finam- fai 
institutions. Once the 
Government's Budding Soci- 
eties Bill has passed through 
fianament, the distinctions 
wu! fade even further. 

The Bill will give increased 
powers to the societies to offer 
retail banking services to then- 
customers, a position for 
which they are lining them- 
selves up smartly. Although 
the big deaTug; banks domi- 
nate the retail hanking market 
in terms of customers and 
services, the building societies 
are setting up national net- 
works of automated teller 
machines (ATMs), automat- 
ing their branches and even 
moving into areas such as 
electronic funds transferal the 
point of sale (EFTPoS) and 
home banking before the 
clearing banks. 

The need to automate was 

highlighted recently by the 
general manager of NaiWest’s 
Management Services, Bert 
Morris, who told a manage- 
ment conference: “We already 
process every working day 
three and a quarter million 
debits and credits and handle 
alm 9 st three quarters of a 
million account enquiries, and 
last year we issued 116 million 
statements and generated ISO 
million standing orders and 
direct debits. The only way to 
handle this volume of busi- 
ness without disappearing un- 
der an avalanche of paper was 
to introduce automation to 
our basic services.” 

Automation of the hnwir 
branch is an integral part of 
any bank's (or building soci- 
ety) strategy for fighting off 
competition and increasing 
market share. However, 
whereas the process of auto- 
mation in the past was on a 
piecemeal basis, now the em- 
phasis is on integration of 

. Not only are all the func- 
tions of a branch linked to a 
central branch controller, but 
each branch is lintivi to others 
and to the head office. This 
means that any transaction 
can be updated within min- 
utes, account balances are 
therefore easily mamtwitwi 
records corrected, the necessi- 
ty for paperwork cut down 
and likewise costs. 

There are a number of 
systems on the market which 
provide these facilities, among 

them the Burroughs Financial 
Systems Architecture and the 
iC Pinnacle Personal Banker 
system. This allows a single 

member of staff to look after a 

group of accounts anri iq 

market the bank's services to 
the customers directly. The 
system is based on individual 
tanker workstations with 
their own intelligence and disc 
storage connected to a branch 

. One bank which has already 
invested in a totally integrated 
branch system is the Trustee 
Savings Bank, which has at the 

give individually tailored quo- 
tations on financial services 
such as personal loans and 

Interactive video is also 
being used by Lloyds Bank to 
promote financial services 10 
customers after the bank’s 
successful installation of 1 .500 
VideoLogic MIC interactive 
systems in branches through- 
out the country for staff 

.The beauty of interactive 
video is that it responds to the 
individual need of the custom- 
er, analyzing the specific data 

Any bank transaction can be updated 
m minutes and costs are kept down 

heart of its technology an 
Rca,time system 


The signficance of this for 
the customer is that when a 
transaction is made, such as a 
deposit or withdrawal, or 
when a standing order is paid 
automatically, the whole sys- 
tem is made aware of the 
transaction and all files 
brought up to date at once. 
This happens both centrally 
and at the customer’s branch. 

The TSB is also introducing 
new automated teller ma- 
chines which enable custom- 
ers to pay bills and transfer 
money between accounts. 
c ustomer Operated Termi- 
nals (COT) being developed 
now use interactive video to 

Better deals on local network 

aSSSE* — ■ 

relating to that account, and 
offering a personal solution. It 
therefore can release staff to 
perform more complicated ad- 
visory or marketing services. 

Technology is reshaping the 
branch lobby, replacing the 
long counters with small ta- 
bles and chairs in open spaces 
and handing over many of the 
more mundane functions to 
automated teller machines. 
Since the most frequently 
required services are cash 
withdrawals, deposits and bal- 
ance enquiries and these can 
an be dealt with by an ATM. 
banks are now able to rational- 
ize their branch networks. 

Bricks and mortar are ex- 
pensive and many financial 
institutions are considering 

alternatives, such as stand- 
alone ATMs, sited in booths, 
railway stations, supermarkets 
or places of work. 

One service which is being 
considered by all the major 
banks now is EFTPoS. This is 
a means of payment for goods 
or services without involving 
cash. Ft can operate on a credit 
or debit basis, although the 
original concept was for an 
immediate debiting of the 
account at the point of sale. 

The customer has a plastic 
card with a personal identifi- 
cation number and other rele- 
vant details, such as credit 
limits, stored on the card 
either on a magnetic stripe or 
in a microchip. The card is 
read by a terminal in the shop, 
with the amount of the pur- 
chase keyed in. The 
customer's account is then 
either debited straight away, 
or if one of the credit cards is 
being used, the customer will 
be charged in the usual 

Whichever way, no cash 
changes hands in the shop, 
thus cutting down vastly on 
handling costs, paperwork and 
increasing security for both 
the shop keeper and the bank. 

A number of EFTPoS 
schemes are under way in the 
UK, all on a limited scale, 
while the reaction of retailers 
and customers are gauged. A 
national scheme is being pre- 
pared involving the clearing 
banks, retailers and the credit 
card companies. The Clydes- 

dafe Bank has been running a 
scheme in Aberdeen for more 
than two years and the Anglia 
Building Society has a scheme 
running in Northampton. 

National Westminster is op- 
erating a nationwide system at 
petrol stations, Bardaycard 
has recently launched its own 
system, which will eventually 
accept all the major credit 
cards, and the Midland Bank 
has a scheme using both credit 
and debit cards. 

Financial institutions have 
so for turned their back firmly 
on the smart caret, or 
microchip card, which is the 
core of all the French EFTPoS 
schemes. The main reason for 
this is that a large card ba se 
exists already in the UK using 
magnetic stripe technology 
and it would be too expensive 
to replace this with the smart 

. The fact that the banks 
intend to integrate existing 
technology i nto fu ture ser- 
vices such as EFTPoS shows 
that it is regarded very much 
as pan of a broader retail 
systems strategy and not an 
isolated service. The main 
benefits to be derived from 
EFTPoS. according to man- 
agement consultants Butler 
Cox, who recently carried out 
a survey of retailers' reactions 
to EFTPoS, are cutting costs 
and the risks of cash handling. 

For the corporate custom- 
ers. automation of services 
such as transfer of funds, 
balance reporting, interna- 
tional communications and, 
perhaps most important, the 
speedy delivery of informa- 
tion has become essential in 
order to compete in the inter- 
national marketplace. It has 
also had the effect of subtly 
changing the balance of the 
relationship between the trea- 
surer and the bank. 

Electronic cash manage- 
ment systems allow the trea- 
surer to not only view his 
balances whenever he pleases, 
on his desk top terminal, but 
also to shift funds between 
accounts so that they earn the 
greatest level of interest and 
ensure that money enters and 
leaves his accounts to his best 

Since this also cuts the 
bank’s traditional float, banks 
are now having to reappraise 
their pricing strategies for 
corporate services. 

Whichever sector of the 
market the banks decide to 
aim for, the application of 
technology in marketing and 
providing services is crucial in 
determining their success. 

Elizabeth Sowton 

Editor, Bank Technology 

are here 
to stay 

"Tien the first automated 
teller machines (ATMs) were 
introduced about 20 years ago, 
public reaction was cool. Few 
people were familiar with tech- 
nology and the machines were 
often unreliable. 

Today, as the networks of 
ATMs grow and are supplied 
not just by the banks, bnt by 
building societies and other 
institutions as well public 
acceptance is high. Lunchtime 
will usually find a snake of 
customers queuing outside a 
cash dispenser while inside 
the bank cashiers sit at empty 

The UK sits just behind 
France in the number of 
ATMs ins tailed (6,886 at the 
beginning or 1985, according 
to the Battelle Institute) with 
Uoyds Bank enjoying die 
highest level of transactions 
(71.7 million In 1984). The 
clearing banks established 
their networks independently, 
but recently have turned to 
sharing arrangements. 
NatWest and the Midland can 
use each other's machines, 
while Barclays and Uoyds are 
still negotiating. 

The advantages of sharing 
have been recognized early on 
by the building societies which 
are still developing then- net- 
works and have designed them 
from the start to provide 
reciprocal facilities to each 
other's customers. 

There are three ATM net- 
works apart from the dealing 
banks; the Halifax budding 
society's own, and two consor- 
tium-led shared networks. 

Link, which switched on 
with a National Girobank 
ATM in April comprises the 
National Girobank, the Abbey 
National and Nationwide 
building societies, the Co- 
operative Bank and an organi- 
zation of smaller numbers 
called Funds Transfer Shar- 
es- It aims to have more than 
850 ATMs by the end of the 
year, serving 4 million 

The other share network is 
Matrix which has seven of the 
top II building societies as its 
founder members. Between 
them they have already in- 
stalled more than 250 ATMs 

Continued on next page 

Personal computing penetrat- 
ed banking even foster than it 
conquered the rest of the 
world, thanks mainly to the 
spreadsheet package. PCs run- 
ning spreadsheets or word 
processing are still de rigueur 
for banks cultivating a go- 
ahead image. But like the rest 
of the world banks are recog- 
nizing the logistical ad van- 
. tages of gathering their PCs 
- into local area networks 

Networking is still relatively 
new to all industries, however, 
so the value of LANs is as yet 
unproven, with technology 
keepjng well ahead of 

Dealing room systems are 
prime candidates for 
networking because they fulfil] 
all the criteria of an ideal LAN 
— a group of people working 
independently but sharing re- 
sources and information, and 
needing to communicate with 
each other and with outside 

Some of the systems on the 
market are highly advanced, 
such as the Dealer’s Choice 
package from International 
Banking Systems, which in- 
corporates artificial intelli- 
gence to filter information 
relevant only to particular 
individuals. Morgan Grenfell 
is installing the £500,000 sys- 
tem, keen to taste the first 
fruits of “expert” banking 

IBJ International the UK 
wholly-owned subsidiary of 
the Industrial Bank of Japan, 
has had more chance to assess 
the equally innovative dealing . 
room system it installed last 
year and has discovered at 
first hand the benefits and 
drawbacks ofa LAN. 
Computerization of IBJ In- 

ternational started five years 
ago, with a Nixdorf 8870 
minicomputer Tunning a full 
range of. banking systems, 
including Eurobond dealing in 
which the capital markets 
division specializes. Although 
this system had online entry, 
updating was not done in real 
time, and dealing tickets were 
all input at the end of the day, 
between 4 and 5pm. The bank 
felt that dealers and salesmen 
were not being fully supported 
and that settlements were 
being delayed. 

“We decided to update the 
system in August 1984 and 
installed a LAN primarily as a 
simple way of sharing printers 
and hard discs”, said Jeremy 
Rees, chief accountant and a 
director of IBJ International 

The bank now has a total of 
85 IBM PC XTs and ATs. 
many of which are linked to 
each other and to a Stratus/32 
XA600 fault-tolerant comput- 
er by a Torus Icon network. 

listen to f rinaririnl 

gossip when jou can 

read the gospel? 

Key control; Nixdorf 8864 at a Midland branch 

Some systems are 
highly advanced 

based on Ethernet standards. 
PCs are' distributed among 
130 staff but, Mr Rees says, 
the bank is “moving towards 
one per desk”. 

The dealing room system, 
wfudi has 37 PC/ATs, has an 
unusual alternative to the 
keyboard — Summagnaphics 
digitizer tablets encoded with 
details of bonds, clients, Lotus 
1-2-3 file names, and routines 
to call up online information 
services such as Reuters and 
Telerate. . .. 

.Dealers have three screens 
with a choice of six facilities; 
including standard PC appli- 
cations programs, and switch 

between them by touching a 
square on the digitizer with a 
magnetic stylus. 

Mr Rees designed the sys- 
tem in conjunction with Hol- 
land Automation 

International (UK) who had 
supplied the original NJBSOL 
Integraied Banking software 
to run on the Nixdorf mini 
The result was the Eurobonds 
Dealing Room system, with 
cross- transfer of accounts 
between Stratus and Nixdorf 

"We started with a com- 
pletely blank piece of paper 
and no preconceived ideas, 
although there were a number 
of points we wanted to 
achieve” said Mr Rees. “The 

main priority was to provide w® 8 

tools for the dealeST for Sf ^ software supphera 

Banking systems demand good user 
training and documentation - to build user • 
• confidence, provide support, and ensure 
smooth and effective system running 
We believe that user training and 
documentation should work together to 
provide a consistent strategy for effective 
system use. 

TMS Computer. Authors arethe 
documentation experts. We have been in 
business since 7982. We have knowledge ■ 
and experience of banking and financial 
systems and understand the particular 
requirements for user documentation. 

As in all things, documentation is best 
done by the professionals. 

mss .. 

Computer Authors 

The Shetltngs The Street Wonersh Guildford 
Surrey GU5 OPE / Tel: Guildford 0483 898606 

tools for the dealers, for 
example, to analyse different 
bonds' performance and 
yields, keep track of and 
analyse clients* wishes, and 
-produce switches and swaps 
trading positions. 

“We also wanted to speed 
up transactions and facilitate 
communications among deal- 
ers so that any interested party 
could look at the information 
instead of having to be told 

.... Personal computing was an 
important consideration be- 
■€nnse dealers were accus- 
tomed to using the Lotus 1-2-3 

nahUtsc to produce yi e id 

sheets and analyses or 
|. Price . lists and Multimate 
word processing. There op- 

someone else and ask them to 
take work off their machine to 
allow a critical task to be 

while satisfying 
all of the resource sharing 
requirements, raised a few 
other difficulties of its own for 
which IBJ International was 

“The biggest snag we hit was 
cabling. In a building without 
raised floors you have to keep 
it simple, so we left loops of 
spare cable to be pulled down 
if it was needed but the loops 
were never in the right place”, 
explained Rees. “The software 
side was not such a problem 
but something I found most 
conjuring and worrying was 

4 tiffc fn/H nl (■ 

are not geared up" for 
networking. Licensing is a 
minefield Lotus, for example, 
insists on one disk per user so 
that each dealer has to boot 1- 
2-3 in from floppies rather 
than call it from the network." 

Remote access security was 
a major concern which actual- 
ly involved less work than 
expected. Database 
encryption was considered but 
rejected in favour of restrict- 
ing users to predefined areas, 
and stressing that they must be 
careful with passwords. 

Not all of the LAN’s fea- 
tures have been folly used 
Electronic mail, , for example, 
has failed to catch on because 
dealers work in open plan 
offices and “when the people 

ttSnSXdETtS offics “ whe » to wto 

u?er_ interface,. ap- 

peanng with PC-DOS func- 
| lions as icons on the screen. 

By mid-December 1985, 

; Holland Automation had in- 
stalled the system and the first 
symptoms of a major perfor- 
mance problem started to 
appear. Although the system 

enaa J - J ... «i : _ «• 

■'"v — — vi *vui jmua away 

the value of electronic mail is 
considerably diminished", as 
Mr Rees points out. Even the 
bulk-mailing aspect has 
proved unusable because cir- 
culation lists for internal 
memos are rarely the same. 
IBJ International had no 

speeded up i^ proc^mg of h ^r°^ ^i 00 
transactions, by updating ac- Cudgel f ? r dealing 
— - . 1 . . . * . room system, but Mr Rees 

counting records and dealers’ 
positions as soon as dealing 
tickets were accepted termi- 

nal response time was very 

Dealers might have to wait 
j -up to 20 seconds for a re- 

sponse or have to ring up 

reckons that the eventual bill 
will be around £750,000. De- 
spite the teething troubles, he 
has no doubt that the bank’s 
venture into networking has 
been worthwhile. 

Maggie McLening 

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data covering equities, bonds, economics, interest and exchange 
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A tight watch on 
your account 

Technically it is possible for a 
bank branch to dial direct to 
the head office mainframe 
computer to obtain informa- 
tion. This can give a better 
service for customers. 

Most banks win now pro- 
vide information at the tellers 
window, but this will be the 
balance as of last night when 
the batch processing run was 
done. Although the informa- 
tion can be retrieved from the 
bank's mainframe computer 
there are problems of access 
and confidentiality which 
must be solvea before 
“anyone" can be given access 
to the system. 

Tandem Computers is one 
of the leading bank suppliers 
and, according to is spokes- 
man Peter Robinson; “Securi- 
ty can be split into two parts, 
internal and external. Infor- 
mation leaving the files and 
people accessing the files. For 
users accessing the files there 
is a multi-layer password sys- 
tem which starts with access to 
the system, then to the specific 
file. Access to any file can be 
for a variety of reasons. To 
view, update or change the 
information. The entry levels 
are different in each case. 
There must also be a record — 
audit trail — of the users 
accessing files even if they 
have been permitted by the 

For information moving 
from the system to another 
computer there is the problem 
of hackers who may be able to 
intercept the data. 

AH information leaving the 
Tandem system is encrypted 
— coded so that it looks like 
gobbledegook — to protect the 
data from unauthorized 

Harold Stokes of APACS — 
the Association for Payment 
Clearance Services set op by 

the clearing banks — is in- 
volved in this area and be- 
lieves that security is far more 
important than the 

As banks interchange infor- 
mation between themselves 
there must be published tech- 
niques to make this inter- 
change of information 
possible. Equally, there must 
be audit trails to check who 
has accessed the computer and 
for what reason. 

Any system of on-line pro- 
cessing must, says Mr Stokes: 
“Fit into the banking timeta- 
ble where everything has a 
place." There has been direct 
connection to the banks for 
the BACS — Bankets Auto- 
mated Clearing Service — 
which provides an automated 
service for banks and their 
corporate customers for the 
tr ansmissi on of money be- 
tween accounts within the UK 
banking system. BACS has 
been operating for 15 years 
and is operated by the major 

The banks have pressures 
from the public, the major 
finance houses and the bund- 
ing societies to improve then- 
services or lose business. 

There is a new class of non- 
bank user who does not need 
an account because they deal 
with a building society, have a 
mortgage, a cheque account 
and interest on their current 

Apart from the competitive 
situation the on-line system 
would enable the banks to 
charge for every service and 
make their operation more 
profitable. But to do so would 
mean a multi-million pound 
investment The technology is 
here, but will the banks 
achieve the financial return to 
make it worthwhile? 

Neville Ian Ash 

Costs hold up the armchair service 

tike old age home banking is 
inevitable but nobody wants 
to get there first, or that 
appears to be the view of most 
banks and building societies. 
Although the Homelink 
scheme was pioneered by the 
Nottingham Building Society 
and the Bank of Scotland 
more than three years ago, 
rivals have not yet followed 

Most are experimenting 
with pilot schemes that allow 
customers to manage their 
money online using viewdata 
terminals, but few can see any 
commercial advantage in 
launching a service before the 
demand has been established. 

Setting up costs are the 
main deterrent for the larger 
banks and building societies', 
not only in providing or 
subsidizing customers* access 
equipment but also in present- 
ing their main — usually large 
— customer databases for 
online access by account hold- 
ers. Organizations with an 
established national branch 
network also see no point in 
duplicating activities. 

But to the Nottingham 
Building Society, operating 
within an 80-mile area, elec- 
tronic sendees were the most 
viable alternative to opening 
branches for nationwide ex- 
pansion. “It was not a ques- 
tion of having the money to 
open new branches - this 
traditional way of growth was 
dosed for us because the 
whole expansion strategy has 
changed", said Tom Littiefair, 
assistant general manager at 
the Nottingham. 

“It is arguable whether there 
are too many building society 
branches in the high street 
where everybody is offering 
similar products. Planners 
won't allow service-type in- 
dustries into new areas. They 
want butchers or flower shops 
instead. Statistics for other 
societies show that branch 
expansion has slowed down 
almost to a stop. 

“We didn’t really cost justi- 
fy the exercise, although if we 
had set up a branch network 
all over the country it would 
have cost us 20 times what it 
has cost to set up Homelink,’* 
he said. 

Homelink was launched in 
November 1 982, offering any- 
one investing £1,000 or more, 
in the Nottingham online 
money management and 
teleshopping via Prestel, plus 
a Bank of Scotland Visa card. . 
Since die launch the emphasis 
on teleshopping has gone 
(poached- by Prestel) and the 
Bank of Scotland introduced 
an independent Home Bank- 
ing Service in January 1985, 
extending it to office banking 
last February. 

Customers dial into Prestel 
using an adaptor to connect 
tbeir televirion sets to the 
main Prestel computers, then 
go through a gateway to reach 
either Homelink or HOBS. 

Obviously a banking service 
could not function without 
local facilities for paying In 
cheques and drawing cash, so 
the Bank of Scotland has a 
reciprocal arrangement with 
Barclays Bank for use of cash 
dispensers and Homelink with 
Barclays and Thomas Cook 

The arrival of further home 
banking services might sound 
the death of the branch as we 
know it says David Bayliss, 
manager of electronic banking 
development at Midland 
Bank. “The nature ofbranches 
may well change. In the long 
term there will be greater 
emphasis on self service of all 
kinds and we will certainly see 
unmanned branches. But you 
cannot ignore the fact that the 
branch network is a very 
important sales force", he 

Midland Bank has been 
running a trial service for 
more than two years. 

The trial system has only 
1,500 customers on its 
database, but eventually the 

Fingertip dealing: The touch-sensitive system from International Banking Systems 

Midland may face supporting 
all of its 4 J million customers 

Analysis of Homelink usage 
shows that customers do take 
full advatage of a 24-hour 
service. During the day traffic 
is light but consistent, build- 
ing up at 6 pm when Prestel 
calls become free. Peak time is 
at weekends and between 
7.30pm to 10pm during the 
week, dying away by 2am. Bat 
there are still a few insomniacs 
dabbling with their accounts 
throughout the night, accord- 
ing to Mr Littiefair. 

Barclays has had a small, 
remote hanking experiment 
running for about 18 months, 
inolving members of staff. 
The success of this venture 
prompted the bank to widen 
the experiment to 40 small 
business customers nation- 
wide, in January this year. 
Both projects are hosted on 

“Home banking is deariy 
part of our plans because all 
banks are moving into the 24- 


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hour arena and we are now 
going through a period of 
positioning for the 
said Mr Bayliss. 

NatWest admits that it, too, 
is investigating home banking, 
but Lloyds Bank believes that 
“start-up costs for the con- 
sumer outweigh the 

The nature of 
branches may 
well change 

advantages", said a spokes- 
woman. But Lloyds can see 
the . potential.- for small 

Another dissenter ou the 
home front is the Bradford & 
Bingley Building Society. “We 
have no plans to introduce 
home banking. We don't think 
it's appropriate because we 
don't believe it is a service our 
members want" said tbe soci- 
ety, a view endorsed by the 
research and statistics manag- 
er, Liz Boyes-Watsoa “There 

has been no research into 
home banking — with only 
1,500,000 investors it would 
be for too expensive. We 
wouldn't even consider it and 
I find it hard to understand 
how a small society such as the 
Nottingham can justify it," 
she said. 

Abbey. National is also cau- 
tious about foundling a public 
service, although it has been 
developing a viewdata system 
in-house tor the past three 
years: As Abbey National's 
transaction account manager, 
John Smith, points out: “One 
of the main indicators of how 
successful it would be is that 
only about 65,000 out of 
■ several million television sets 
have Prestel and more than 
50 per cent have it for business 

Nevertheless, he promises 
that “when the time comes, 
we'll be there" and Abbey 
National is already giving 
young savers a taste of the 

Schoolchildren in the Soli- 

hull area are participating in a 
School Basking presen set up 
by VjewteJ Services on the 
society's behalf. Based on 
Prestel the service oilers cadi 
child a budding society ac- 
count for saving up for school 
trips and o utin gs, and has 
been run ning f or a year with 
limited success. 

“The biggest problem has 
been the teachers' dispute. 
Children are very excited 
about the scheme but teachers 
have been refusing u> operate 
it", said Peter Young, director 
of Viewed Services, a compa- 
ny set up by tbe Birmingham 

Post and Mail in 1980 to 
provide electronic services to 
the public. 

Mr Young believes that 
home bamking n eeds to be 
packaged with other services 
and access hardware to stand a 
good chance of success. “The 
biggest hold-up is terminal 
equipment I would like to see 
someone like British Telecom 
provide everyone with a ter- 
minal. like the French. If BT 
doesn't, then other commer- 
cial organizations who would 
gain some advantage, such as 
the mail order companies, win 
probably provide them over 
the next 12-18 months", be 

Ian Graham, manager of 
Automated Customer Ser- 
vices at tbe Bank of Scotland 
is awaiting the opposition 
with interest, and more than a 
little confidence. “If you’re 
going to be second into the 
market your product has to be 
at least as good as the first 
We'll have to wait and see 
what they have to offer but 
I'm quite confident that 
HOBS will be difficult to 
beat", he said. 

If the other building societ- 
ies and banks continue with 
iheir current “ioe in the 
water" approach it could be 
some time before he is proved 
either right or wrong. 


Countdown to October 

Deregulation of dealings in the City ofLondon 
take effect from October 27, 1986 and the 
interim provides an opportunity for computer 
companies to make sales and time for banks to 
gear themselves up for the Big Bang. 

Roger Hum, of PA Management Consul- 
tants, says “Kg Bang really means three 
thinpr Deregulation; competition; and global- 
ization with 24-hour trading activities." Banks 
are forming conglomerates which include 
estate agents, dealers and almost every type of 
financial service. ■ • 

“The h anks have the choice to bay -an off- 
the-shelf system or create one just for. that 
specific operation. Some banks are installing 

Millions of pounds are 
being invested in systems 

forms of expert system to help their dealers. 
Information can be presented to dealers in a 
certain sequence and can be manipulated to 
save time. Pages from information systems 
can be selected and time is of the essence," 
says Mr Hunt 

Several hundred million pounds is being 
invested in systems for the Big Bang and Mr 
Hunt believes 10 per cent will be spent on the 
competitive edge and 90 per cent on tbe 
standard system. . 

Tbe requirements for any.banldng system to 
work with the Big Bang are: 

• Flexibility — to beablc to deal with rapid ex- 
pansion without changing the complete sys- 
tem or going beyond its capabilities. 

• Fault tolerance — having redundant circuits 
so that any fault is covered by a duplicate 

• Powerful networking — to allow transparent 
operation between Loudon, New Yore and 

• Ability to link — with other manufacturers 
equipment and . information services. This 
means gateways that give access to non- 
compatible computer systems. 

• Ability to expand — dramatically without 
replacing all the equipment. Expanding by 
linking two or more systems together. 

Several manufacturers have some of these 
requirements but few can cope with all of 
them. The main suppliers for the Big Bang 
indude IBM, Tandem, ICL, ITL, DEC, 
Nixdorf; Wang and Stratus. 

One of the problems facing h anks imple- 
menting facilities for the Big Bang is the lack of 
practical working knowledge. While banks 
may have pilot studies, they will not be the 
same as real life applications. Before the Big 

Bang, the London Stock Exchange's own in- 
house information system. Topic, has been 
down for 10 minutes and there have been 
faults in the options market computers. While 
this is serious before Big Bang it will be crucial 
once tbe system is totally electronic. 

Information systems are gearing up to meet 
this new demand. Reuters has started a new 
system called ART — Advanced Reuters 
Te rminal. This enables users to see up t&fiye 
different Reuters systems at the same time. 
The system uses Microsoft Windows and an 
ART has -the power to H) conventional 
Renters te rminris^ Midland B ank has installed 
a system using Microsoft Windows, called 
Super DORIS providing up-to-the-minute for- 
eign currency information. 

A combination of an American company 
and a Swiss corporation have introduced a 
dealing system which is claimed to be the first 
to offer calculations, external information and 
deal capturing frugalities in a single unit called 
Dealers Choice. It has already been sold to 
Morgan Grenfell and is based on the IBM PC- 

•Clive Pedder, City manager for Tandem 
Computers believes, “The practical gain will 
be in research and advice, making the right 
information available to dealers. It is a 
decision support situation." 

ITL is working with NMW Computers of 
Nantwich and Timon to produce complete 
packages of computers and programs for the 
Big Bang. 

Midland Bank has installed an Artemis 
project management program purely to handle ’ 
the multi-million pound replacement of the 
bank's retail computing systems. 

Even the Stock Exchange believes that 
although the companies have geared up for the 

The Big Bang will have 
a polarizing effect 

Big Bang they will be faced with four major 
problems: The equipment will be expected to 
work first time — which is unlikely; there will 
be technical problems; the pilot studies that 
have been done are too short; and many 
companies will be working from tbe backs of 
envelopes on October 27. 

Mr Hunt says: “Tbe Big Bane will have a po- 
larizing effect- There will be 10 to 12 major fi- 
nancial conglomerates offering, the full range 
of facilities, with a number of small niche 
providers. But there won’t be anything in 

- NIA 


Continued from previous page 

and the fall shared network of 
more than 415 machines will 
be operational during 1986. 
The sharing arrangement will 
expand to more than L.000 
machines in two to three years' 

ATMs are perhaps the most 
visible facet of a bank Y auto- 
mation and their success with 
customers will determine like- 
ly acceptance of other auto- 
mated services, snch as 
EFTPoS (electronic funds 
transfer at point of sale) and 
home banking. 

The most freqneotly used 
functions of an ATM are cash 
withdrawal and balance enqui- 
ry, but manufacturers are de- 
veloping machines which can 
also accept deposits, either in 
the form of cash or cheques. 
They can also transfer funds 
between accounts at that bank 
and can provide information 
about other final rial services. 

The most obvious advantage 
an ATM gives customers is 
24-hour access to cash- For the 
bank it is a means of providing 
total cash dispensing services 
at a fraction of the cost it 
would take to provide tinman 
teller services around the 
dock. However, since cash 
withdrawals account for 
around 80 per cent of all public 
banking transactions and are 



esti m ated to represent more 
than 90 per cent of transi- 
tions performed at ATMs, 
banks are rapidly recognizing 
that they must separate tbe 
cash dispensing side of an 
ATM's facilities from the 
more sophisticated functions. 

Thus, as banks design their 
“branch of the future" they are 
placing tbe straightforward 
cash dispensing machines at 
the front of the lobby for easy 

The major suppliers also see 
the future ATMs as providing 
more sophisticated services, 
separated from the cash dis- 
pensing function. Nixdorf 
Computer is only one supplier 
which has bunded a range of 
customer self-service termi- 
nals which are operated by a 
customer's card and designed 
for open plan banking lobbies. 

The range includes a dual- 
sided ATM, where the side 
that is situated outside the 
branch may be operated inde- 
pendently of the lobby side. 
The bank can therefore pro- 
vide a 24-hour service and an 
extra cash dispensing facility 
within the branch. 

One challenge which tbe 
banks are facing from the 
integration of automated teller 
machines into basic hgntrtng 
functions is bow to use staff no 
longer needed to perform 
counter transactions. 

The obvious answer is to 
retrain them to sell other 
services, to advise customers, 
to 'act in a marketing role, and 
increase business for tbe bank. 
Although we are still some 
way off from this scenario, it is 
an important consideration for 
the banks, which cannot afford 
to both install expensive tech- 
nology and a high 

number of human cashiers. 

The resources of existing 
staff are needed to promote 
services such as mortgages, 
insurance, personal Joans and 
recently, the move Into s ellin g 
shares through bank 
branches. It will require a 
concerted effort by the hanks 
to train staff to meet these 
needs. Without them they 
stand to lose to competitors. 

However, they have a fine 
line to draw between automat- 
ing basic banking fariliripg in 
the name of efficiency and 
economy and risking alienat- 
ing their customers; the hu- 
man face still bolds a great 








24 1986 

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Hard Disk vs. the BERNOULLI BOX 



Hard’ Choice 

Make the Easy 



■ K T ■ - ? - - - 



•• • ... v 

Many Thousands 

of PC Users Have Already *** 

Stopped Doing Things The "Hard" Way. 

More than 60,000 business PC users now store 
their data on Bernoulli Boxes instead of hard disk 
drives. Why? Because they wanted storage perfor- 
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They wanted speed, reliability, expandability, 
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They didn’t make the “hard” choice. Instead, 
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Computers into Corporate Assets. 

Hard Disk Performance . . .With Get Up And Go. 

The Bernoulli Box is a PC storage subsystem 
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data — and, because the cartridges are removable, 
you can run an unlimited amount of data without 
adding drives. The drive itself, stays in place — 
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to go wherever the information is needed — within 
the office, or around the world. 

Reliability Isn’t Jus t A Promise . . . 

It’s A Revolution In Design. 

Bernoulli Technology dramatically reduces the 
possibility of head crashes. It does that in reality 
because it does that in principle. The very design 
of the Bernoulli Box separates the head from your 
data in the event of either power failure or surface 

But that's only the beginning of Bernoulli Box 
reliability. Inside or outside the drive, your data is 
more secure... because the Bernoulli cartridges 
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to take more punishment. 

Your data has never been safer. . .whether it’s 
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or resting securely in a drawer. 









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... as well as prominent financial and banking 
institutions. The companies with the most 
sophisticated data processing needs were the first to 
recognize the benefits of the Bernoulli Box. But 
regardless of whether the customers were large or 
small ...A full 97% of them hot only purchased 
Bernoulli subsystems , but are ready to recommend 
Bernoulli technology to others. 

It Took Bernoulli Technology lb Take The limits 
Off Hard Disk. 

Introducing the Bernoulli Box Hus. The revolu- 
; tionaiy new external storage subsystem combining 
two 20-MB Bernoulli disk cartridge drives with an 
80-MB hard disk. 

Ideal for network users and power applications, 
the Bernoulli Box Plus enables your customers to 
create, store, transport and back up important data 
on removable, on-line cartridges— while saving the 
hard disk’s capacity for frequently used applications 
and programs. 

With the Bernoulli Box, you store up to 20 
megabytes of data on a single cartridge — and an 
unlimited amount on a single drive. You can organise 
your data according to your needs, departments and 
functions. Each of these can expand to reach 
opportunities — not the physical limits of a drive. 

Whether you’re working with a single PC or in 
a large network environment, the Bernoulli Box lets 
you build a data base to your requirements. 



i L k : - b" ^ 

i 'l i *». < • t 
t iiu <■ ^ ■ 1 

You've Made The Comparison. Now Make The 
Right Choice. 

Do you need PC storage that expands according 
to your needs? Or that gives you fast, convenient 
back-up? Or that goes wherever business opportuni- 
ties do? Or that’s more reliable whether it’s running, 
walking, locked in a desk or bouncing down a flight 

Why settle for “hard” times 
. . .when the easy way is also the 
right way. . 


A km r a ivrn mrrrc : ,V S' £ i • .■ *.i 



You’ll Outgrow Your Offices, Your Business Plan 
And Maybe Even The Name On Your Door. ..Before 
You Outgrow Your Bernoulli Box. 

The more you use a hard disk, the less you have 
left to use. Because your data base is always expand- 
ing toward a fixed and final limit 

For Toughest Decision-Makers, The Bernoulli Box 
Was An Easy Choice. 

Iomega Corporation has shipped more than 
200,000 Bernoulli Drives — and almost one million 

Who are the customers that buy them? The 
majority of them are businesses — and many of them 
are the kinds of businesses you would count on to 
make strategic business decisions. They number 
many of the companies listed in the Times 1000 





The Bernoulli Box and Bernoulli Box Plus are available through the following distributors: 

MBS (MBS markets the Bernoulli Box under the name Rhombus.) 

Micro Technology 

For the Iomega dealer nearest you, call: 

01 399 7345 

Iomega International Excelsioriaan 12, Box 4 1930 Brussels, Belgium Representation in London and Munich. 

Trie liMJfca i OcbuATc JUiNh 2* i*oo 

Edited by Matthew May 



: > Limits 

~ ■' :r-4 

r l - 

: 1’'^ 

M.':ke n-' : 

Why the micro 
will never 
extinguish ink 

By Richard Platt 

A current craze among com- 
puter pundits is to predict the 
demise of the printed wont 
Soon, they tell us, our daily 
. papers will be beamed down 
by telephone line, satellite 
dish and optical fibre and we 
will browse at leisure on the 
screen of a home computer. 
No more inky fingers and 
wave goodbye to the 

Letters will go the same 
way, as snail maO is replaced 
by its electronic counterpart. 
The postman joins the paper- 
boy in the dole queue. 

Books and encyclopaedias 
will get the treatment, too. 
we’re told. Away with the 
dusty tomes in gold-embossed 
binding. In future we’ll just 
type in the subject that inter- 
ests us and, after a brief buzz 
from a computer version of 
the compact (fisc, a fist of 
relevant entries appears on 

But how realistic is this 
dream of electronic informa- 
tion and correspondence? 
How soon will we begin to 
burn our libraries? 

Rest assured, in all proba- 
bflity it will never happen. 
Such glowing predictions of an 
electronic future overlook sev- 
eral fundamental consider- 
ations about the virtues of ink 
on paper, and about the way 

we compile, absorb and collect 

Consider first the sheer 
practical problems of reading 
a newspaper on the screen of 
one of today’s micros. An 
average page of The Times has 
on it about 160 column inches 
of text, headings and advertis- 
ing copy. If this was displayed 
in exact facsimile on a con- 
ventional computer tenure al, 
it would occupy about 27 

i Browsing through the whole 
newspaper would mean press- 
ing the key ro display the next 
screen about 1,000 times. The 
Sunday Times would need 
several thousand screens. Of 
course this is a simplistic 
argument, because we don’t 
read all pages in equal detaiL 

Most of us simply turn 
quickly to the topics that 
interest us most and then scan 
the otter pages briefly. Cer- 
tainly an electronic index 
could rapidly bring the racing 
results or stodc market closing 
prices into view in nanosec- 
onds, but this would not 
please the advertisers who rely 
on catching the eye of the 
browsing reader. 

There are other more subtle 
problems concerned with the 
creation and absorption of 
text on screen. Books, maga- 
zines and newspapers can be 

cross-referenced easily — it’s 
possible to turn quickly from 
one page to another and slip in 
scraps of paper/vanilla 
pods/pencils to mark each 

You can even have four 
books open oh a table top 
simultaneously. Windowing 
on a computer partly repro- 

Homaa nature is 
biggest obstacle 

duces this flip-through capa- 
bility, but has one severe 
drawback: if you split your 
screen into two windows you 
only get half as much text in 

Creating new text reveals 
more of the micro's draw- 
backs. Anyone familiar with a 
word-processing program 
knows the BIOS syndrome — 
Blunders Invisible On Screen. 
Text that looks perfect in 
glowing green letters turns out 
once printed to contain vari- 

ous errors — some words are 
repeated, others omitted; the 
same phrase with only minor 
variations occurs three or four 
times in a short passage. 

These mistakes are easy to 
overlook on the VDU and no 
programme can pick stylisti- 
cally bad — but perfectly 
grammatical — repetition of 
sentence structures. 

But the biggest obstruction 
in the path of the techno- 
juggernaut is likely to be 
human nature. Computers are 
cold and logical and converge 
on information in an exact 
and predictable manner. Not 
so the human brain. 

One of the great joys of 
reading reference books is the 
chance distraction thrown up 
by the strictly alphabetical 
organization of information. 
Look up “Australia — gross 
national product** is an ency- 
clopaedia, and you have a 
SO/SO chance of stnmbling 
over the mating habits of the 

Axolotl just pages away. 

Retrieving electronic infor- 
mation may be more efficient, 
but it eliminates these small 
diversions that make research 
so guiltily enjoyable. Finally, 
there’s the sheer pleasure of 
reacting and writing in the 
conventional way. 

The beauty and tactile at- 
tractions of a half-bound folio 
volume are dear to anyone, 
but there's pleasure to be had 
from even the lowliest paper- i 
back or trashy magazine. 

What sensuous qualities 
does the home computer have 
that can compare with the 
smell of paper and ink. and the 
pleasure of folding back the 
cover of a penny dreadful at 
the start of a long train 

The electronic revolution 
may be just around the corner, 
but I for one won’t be sending 
my Christmas cards by E-mail 
and I can't really see my mum 
reading Mills and Boon on a 
laptop micro. 

Putting a price on 
vital knowledge 

It may seem something of a 
truism, but knowledge is an 
asset Not too many compa- 
nies behave as though they 
actually appreciate this feet, 
however. W ithin their organi- 
zations there arc individuals 
who know and understand 
everything about a small part 
of a company’s operations, 
but that knowledge is usually 
locked inside their heads. 

Getting it out into the open 
so that others can use it is an 
increasingly important factor 
in these competitive days. 
Locked inside someone’s 
head, knowledge becomes use- 
ful only so long as that 
individual remains working 
with, and committed to an 


This is your life, and all 
on a plastic card 

Obtaining and storing that ' 
knowledge calls not justTSr 
the right tools for the job; it 
also calls for the right individ- 
ual with the right function 
within an organization. For a 


By Martin Banks 

small but increasing number 
of companies, especially in the 
US, that job is fatting to the 
chief information officer. 

It is not a new job Junction 
for many large companies, 
especially those in advanced 
engineering such as electron- 
ics or aerospace. Traditional- 
ly, such people have been the 
keepers of company libraries 
where the learned journals 
and technical papers are ac- 

Today, however, the job 
emails much more. Not only 
is much of the library material 
now held on computers, with 
access controlled via database 
management systems, but the 
information officer also has 
the new role of finding, ex- 
tracting and storing the knowl- 
edge of individual exports 
within a company so that it is 
available for otters. 

The information officer is 
fast becoming one of the key 
individuals in the use and 
exploitation of expert 
systems,directiy involved in 
establishing the environment 
for such systems within a 
company and selecting: which 
are suitable tools tor the 
company to utilize. 

Expert systems themselves 

are just now starting to appear 

outside the world of academia, 
and the information officer is 
in the ideal position of being 
aide to select which type of 
system, both generally and 
specifically, a company should 
purchase. 11115, for example, 
already revolves around 
choices such as selecting be- 
tween a system specifically 
tailored for its application, or 
a shell program which foe 
users tailor themselves. 

The job of information 
officer also involves working 
with the individual experts 
within a company to ensure 
that their knowledge is cor- 
rectly captured in a useable 
form. Part of tins job Will 
inevitably involve salving the 
worries such individuals wifi 
have aboat_their future job 
prospects. There is already 
evidence to suggest that some 
become particularly reluctant 
to part with their knowledge 
through the natural fear that 
doing so will lead to then- 
eventual and inevitable 

As a counter to this, there is 
also a growing body of evi- 
dence in the US which shows 
that such experts' status and 
value can actually be en- 
hanced by expert - systems — 
because, the argument goes, 
the systems can be used to 
perform tasks of relatively low 
complexity, thus freeing hu- 
man experts to concentrate on 
more difficult problems. 

At present, though many 
companies may appreciate the 
asset value of the knowledge 
they hold, there is no way of 
quantifying it to the point 
where it can appear in the 
balance sheet, except perhaps 
as -the ubiquitous goodwill m 
the sale price of a going 

Such a quantification may 
come from an information 
officer’s ability to make it 
transparent, debuggable, per- 
manent and distributable. As 
one wit at a recent artificial 
intelligence seminar put it 
“Companies often can’t quan- 
tify knowledge until they 
screw-up”. The size and cost 
of the screw-op equals . an 
exact vahie of foe knowledge 
required. And if that knowl- 
edge was found by an informa- 
tion officer to have been in the 
company already, then he 
would have earned his pay, 
even if a tittle belatedly. 

By David Guest 

Cards holding medical data, 
bank account records or otter 
The tendency of technology to personal information could be 
run ahead of society's amity a gold mine to a moderately 
to control it is amply illustrat- enterprising cri minal. 
ed by a device that could soon Security is an i ysw through- 

become commonplace. out the co mput er industry and 

The Drexon laser card, encryption— where only those 
which as of last week numbers who hold the key can use the 
Olivetti among its 23 likely data — is a dear requirement 
suppliers, is a bank-card sized for this type of storage medi- 
piece of plastic capable of um. But encryption 
storing enormous volumes of prices up and when su 
personal data. are trying to establish 

Unless different agencies selves in a new market 
issue separate cards, each with become a disagreeable ft 
95 per cent of the space The cards may bold ] 
vacant, a laser card will say the answer. o 

are trying to establish them- 
selves in a new market it can 
become a disagreeable feature. 

The cards may bold part of 
the answer. Because of their 

more about yon than money capacity, digitized renderings 
ever could. The technology of the card-holder's signature, 

involved is already impressive 
and it will oertainfy be refined. 
It is intended to be carried 

picture, and even fingerprint 
can be held without taking 
much more than five per cent 

around, but people who do so of the available space, 
may be vulnerable on two The signature occupies 
counts. The first is straigfatfor- 2.000 to 5,000 characters, the 
ward theft. Peter Jenner, a picture 10,000 to 50,000, and 
senior consultant with PA foe fingerprint 5,000 to 
Computers and Telecom- 10,000. These could be used to 
muni cations, says informa- authenticate transactions ra- 
tion should only be stored on volving the card. But the 
laser cards in code. relentless drive for progress 

muni cations, says informa- authenticate transactions ra- 
tion should only be stored on volving the card. But the 
laser cards in code. relentless drive for progress 

He points out that one card will increase the security 
is capable of holding two problem. 

million characters of informs- Mr Jenner said: “These axe 
tion— about 500 pages of type, early days. Once foe readers 
a substantial autobiography, become commonplace you 
But whereas foe cards repre- will have thing s lik e phone 
sent technology at its most links.” As hackers have 
baffling, card-reading devices shown, telephone lines are 
are small, with the di m ensions tunnels under the fortifica- 
of a tape-cassette recorder, tions of computer systems. 

Anri tKpti vo mlr\ iwriinsr 

and they plug into ordinar, 
personal computers. 

The laser card’s inventor, 
Drexler Technology of Cali- 

fornia, sees the less sensitive 
technique of electronic pub- 
lishing as one of the card's 
main uses, and Robert i 
Maxwell's British Printing 
and Communications is one 
of the licensees. 

But the other major user 
Drexler picks out is highly 
sensitive — for medical data — 
and a spokeswoman said that 
law enforcement agencies 
were interested in the cards as, 
for example, driver’s licences. 

There has always been the 
possibility of this type of card 
becoming a kind of back-door 
identity card or internal pass- 
port An ordinary credit card 
can provide a simple record of 
its holder’s movements, but a 
laser card could theoretically 
combine this with credit rat- 
ings, records of motoring and 
perhaps of other offences, and 
medical records. 

The card is as slim as a bank 
card, can withstand being 
flexed, and needs only a paper 
sleeve for protection. Drexler 
looks forward to cants that 
wifi have five times the capac- 
ity of its present model and to 
card-readers that will operate 
much more quickly titan those 
in use now. 

Although more expensive to 
produce than bank cards, its 
capacity already makes it 
much cheaper in the volume 
of information it holds. Many 
of the world’s leading technol- 
ogy companies are committed 
to ensuring that it happens. 

Screening through 
the family pics 

■ Canon says it will begin marketing a 
filmless still camera that captures images with 
a computer chip and plays them back over 

a television screen. The system, which should 
be on sale by August, wifi allow a 
photographer to send pictures over telephone 
lines and the images can be reproduced 
using an ink-jet primer. Sony and Hitachi are 
also expected to enter the market soon. 
Canon's electronic camera looks and acts 
much like a conventional 35mm camera, but 
instead of film, the image is captured on a 
special kind of chip called a charge-coupled 
device. The chip passes foe signal to a two- 
inch floppy disk. 

Prices are high — foe camera alone, 
without a lens, is over £1,700. Professional 
photographers cou'd use an electronic 
camera when there is no other way to get the 
picture home in time. Noting that news 
magazines sometimes transport colour film 
by chartered jet, Canon spokesman Dave 
Metz said, “This machine costs a lot less than 
a Lear jet. So it is very practical.” 

EEC fan ding sought 

■ “The European Community is spending 
too much on cows and too little on 
computers.” Peter Bonfield. chairman of 

I CL, complained last week. He was 
commenting on the British Government's 
reluctance to back proposals for additional 
funding for foe EEC's information 
technology research programmes. But be said 
this did not mean that European computer 
companies should merge in one huge 
corporation, as some EEC officials have 
proposed, to counter market dominance by 
the US giant IBM. Britain, backed mainly 
by its cost-cutting ally West Germany, is 
opposing proposals by foe European 
Commission significantly to boost spending 
on new technologies. Commission 
President Jacques Defers has proposed 
doubling technology spending to around 
six per cent of foe budget, compared to over 
two thirds spent on farm subsidies. 

Singapore clampdown 

■ Singapore has enforced stricter controls 
on militarily sensitive imports following 
pressure from the United States to ensure 
they are not passed to the Soviet bloc 
Singapore imports goods — mainly 
computer equipment and electronic 
components — worth more than £650 
miluon each year which Cocom, the 
Coordinating Committee for 
Multinational Export Controls, classes as 
sensitive. It is one of several non- 
communist countries blacklisted by America 
for offering inadequate protection to US- 
made advanced technology goods. 

Computerland micro 

■ The retail store chain Computer! and 

has introduced its first private label personal 
computer system, saying it is compatible 
with IBM’s PC and PC AT at a cost about 20 
per cent less. It has used Tri-Gem , a South 
Korean computer manufacturer, to make foe 
BC series, which is expected to be 
available in large quantities in the US by mid- 
July at a price of £1 .000 foT the basic 
version and £2,000 for its AT compatible. 
Computerland, with more than 800 stores 
worldwide in 24 countries, needs to make its 
product stand out from other clones by 
using its company name to allay customer’s 
concerns about the quality of foe 

Star Wars contracts 

■ British companies are set to win the 
lion's share of the European contracts for 
President Reagan's “Star Wars” 
programme, a senior Pentagon official said 
last week. But initial contracts will be 
worth only £6.5 million, which will 
disappoint Britain. The Ministiy of 
Defence was reported earlier this month to be 
hoping to secure contracts worth £25 
million. The Pentagon man. speaking at the 
US Embassy in London on condition he 
was not named, added that ultimately 
European contracts could be worth about 
£1.75 billion, about 10 percent of foe total. 


■ This flying insect-like creature from the 
realms of science fiction could revolutionize 
battlefield operations- Computer 
consultancy Scicon have named their 
invention Soarfly — an nn manned 
observation and attack robot air vehicle. 
Although only a model at present, it would 
be packed with highly-advanced electronics 
and computer systems and could , says the 
company, become a reality by the year 2010, It 
sees foe futuristic robot, which was on 
display at an Army equipment exhibition last 
weekend, as being able to locate. Identify 
and even attack enemy targets wittaoat risking 
loss of personnel, and operate independent 
of any ground controllers. The Soarfly would 
fly at 90 miles per hour, have a range of 
100 miles and cost about £50,000. 


Air traffic control hitch 

■ New computers crucial to air safety in 
America in the 2 1st century have unwisely 
been chosen on the basis of tests 
resembling only 1970*s levels of air traffic, 
according to investigators from foe general 
accounting office of the US Congress. They 
have produced a report urging the 
American Federal Aviation Administration 
not to select a computer manufacturer 
until more realistic tests based on 1 990’s 
traffic projections have been run. There 
was little evidence, said foe report, that 
systems from either the winner of the £8 
billion contract. IBM, or the loser, Sperry, 
“will perform as needed”. The computers 
wifi be installed in 20 air traffic centres that 
handle 1 5,000 flights per day. 

High-margin policy 

■ IBM is expecting flat financial results 
for foe rest of 1986. says foe chairman, John 
Akers. “If business doesn't pick up in foe 
United States. I think IBM will have difficulty 
showing earnings growth. The US has been 
dicey and remains dicey,” he said Iasi week. 
Regarding foe company's ability to 
compete with foe growing numbers of IBM- 
compatible personal computers, Akers 

said foe company would continue to 
differentiate its personal computer line 
through products and service. But he warned 
that if parts of foe computer industry 
become “increasingly commodity like” — 
where price becomes the the main factor — 
“you will probably see the IBM company 
departing from those parts. We are in foe 
business of high margin sales.” 

Disc directory for Japan 

■ The four thick volumes of Tokyo 
yellow pages issued by Nippon Telegraph and 
Telephone (NTT) will be pul on a single 
compact disc going on sale next year. It will 
mean that more than one million 
company references will be available from a 
central memory within seconds to users of 
personal computers. The disc, developed with 
Sony and Philips, is similar to an audio 

disc introduced in 198Z and foe new facility 
makes use of compact disc read only 
memory (cd-rom) which uses foe huge data 
storage capacity available with laser 
scanning technology. 





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flffW 1593 

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Canon- Tte dVnanac company mec ra fces ai Hra ana of dient pattofo manage ment Htfrty i» 
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REP TX (3840 


■fr frfrfrfr <r<r -trtr irtrfr ■trtrir’tr <r <ririr-tr it 



To £l2k + Car 




SflrfSen port SM lacroctsrewr oestesNp. np4y soaming to 
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tatanc Prcp a mnwre are reared to tear* In teann aportBQ to Prapeet Leaden on 8M mbps, rea 
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Rff TS 1551 

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REF TA 1560 

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REF TS 1381 

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type ef B3ke n butt highly desrabte. 

Me a nt A hgh Sandziti tf senonai Sate and att te remt n ! ml ensure tud laconical support jrd 
fUtaSQC on target etotngs. The generous range of benefits Modes pension scheme. BUPA rt n above 
awnge cv. 

RfF TY 1837 




Petapwr On of the Urged and non successful corawo sendees a wwnies <Mm with afl 
tenhare yontt and co mm er cia l apgfeciwn areas, taflod wttn campaea and dynang ptgfetstonate, 
PRflbK PrograiTBiiera and Senior Prograitanrs to work on nrafor prospects pbybip an nteffSl par are 
«ms» team wortoig from arceptian to browneiuiten. AafcM banteenm w* to famed to etpemc* 
and the desire Id progress. 

BmerieteE Programmer - 18 ritoiTtM- 2 |^are C«W B?ien8nea,0teWl on Htlw CL raainfraw or DEC 
V«fromie ra wneiBteerfBHncteDactari»jnd.Stauf mgamn hc 3 yeas ptos wdh team laadashp 
vpenence and good contnursatteg tans. 

C i —in These rnonuMies must be c yeMy conade wd by m abates with h a m me / i maaten 
expenence fensM to m of ten two years, e bi the ua B-type d pareon tea benefaaf cmsioeraMy. 
Wat rstudes swjtewrert K boBi tbdfC sdfis and nvhousa. Tne ninety ol tranhon amsteyefl was tsre 
scope <tf atp u aaop s . e— lead to ft9 pr o motion, higtar sabnef 2 nd a cert»n prosperous ftan. 





Cospany: fids Ml established mmdadurer and OEM s part of t mft naiSon pound CotporaUatL 
ExoBtsan ntg % pnjWC wit are* has created tte toUoMitg req—eroems 
Putfdsc SutBig posoal onttsefs. peroterais and a aadeongaof software to dwtesm London, the 
successful orarates RfS have AS QO&ntaa! to owddy dewlop and progress wftn tte mreany. 
Ex i— tea ct. Aged 25-30 wm a goto tackgrort »i efiter personal computer safes or n a tedrnxaJ 
amort erwronmart. you ** «d to be professional, emtasasuc ana a tegn Ktower. Detar accom 
banAnp «al further tor dances of ioa ng ihs progressive company. 

BtUac The range of benefits netadas doce of car, gunntee and no bnn an eam«gs - a statement 
utofli oi be tsdod op W nma* sates setawnofts >*idi ere ni«ng iz n emss o) »e*tac targets 

REF IB 1620 


Evening numbers 
until 10pm:- 

01 - 311-8444 

01 - 850-1866 

For a confidential 
discussion about these and 
many other vacancies 
please contact one of our 
consultants. We are also 
specialists in assisting 
British nationals working 
overseas and wishing to 
return to the UK. 

6th floor. Empire House, 175 Piccadilly, London W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 hours). 





the software 


The British computer software; industry, 
whose performance has been applauded 
by many an industry minister in the past 
and (teemed to be an example of 
enterprise worthy of emulating, came 
under fire last week. The industry was 
not performingsufficiently well to obtain 
its proper market share in the face of 
fierce- competition from the Japanese 
and the Americans and is unable to 
prevent foreign software from making a 
substantial impact on the UK market 
The harsh message was contained in a 
report by the Advisory Council for 
Applied Research and Development 
(ACARD). The study, prepared for the 
Government through the Cabinet Office, 
shattered many illusions which the 
computer industry had been comfortably 
nourishing for more than a decade. The 
mainstay of that' misconception being 
that the Britisb are the best software 
engineers in the world and that foreign- 
ers, particularly the Japanese, have not 
the cultural background nor imagination 
to compete. 

The British software industry is in 
desparate trouble. A creeping annual 
trade deficit of £200 million three years 
ago is now rising in such proportions that 
h will reach £1000 million by the end of 
the decade unless drastic measures are 

ACARD attempted in its study to 
suggest how that could best be achieved 
but it is advising a government whose 
track record in properly promoting IT is 
poor. It exposed the sad British perfor- 
mance in stark detail. The world 
software market is large, state the 
' Cabinet Office advisors. That maxketis 
estimated to be worth US$ 40,000 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

Winners of The Times/DEC competition pictured at the race airfield: they are (from left 
Jennifer McPariand, Sandra Coventry, Claire Robertson, Malcolm Catting and 

to right) Peter Matthews, 
Alastair Macmillan 

Jennifer McPariand, a com- 
puting assistant from Leices- 
ter, is the overall winner in our 
six week series of competi- 
tions linked to the DEC 
Schneider Air Race. She wins 
the first prize of a weekend for 
two in New York with return 
flights on Concorde. 

Mrs McPariand, who works 
in the computer centre at 
Leicester Polytechnic, says her 
entry was a joint family effort 
Her son Stephen helped with 
the competition solutions to 
the questions on aviation and 
her daughter Penny used the 
school library to research 
some of the questions on 

Her winning tie-breaker was 
“The advent of computer- 
aided design and modem 
technology have made speed 
trials obsolete”. 

All of the six weekly win- 
ners and their partners were at 
last weekend's air race at the 
Isle of Wight as guests of 
Digital Equipment and at- 
tended a gala dinner on Satur- 
day night where the winner of 
the first prize was announced. 

The other winning competi- 
tors Alastair Macmillan, a 
London public relations direc- 
tor, Claire Robertson, a dental 
surgeon from Muswell Hill in 
London: Malcolm Cutting, a 

self-employed London com- 
puter consultant: Peter Mat- 
thews. an ex-Spitfire pilot and 
deputy head of the Central 
School of Art and Design and 
Sandra Coventry, a systems 
support manager from Surbi- 
ton, Surrey received their 
prizes of Concorde Cham- 
pagne trips for two.They are 
hoping to take the trip all 
together in November. 

During the weekend the 
winners were also able to take 
flights with some of the air 

moored offRyde Pier where a 
Tipsy Nipper piloted by Ron 
Mitcham crossed the finishing 
line first. 

• For our final weekly winner, 
Sandra Coventry it was her 
first entry many competition. 
She joined Lloyds Bank in 
London from school and is 
now working in the manage- 
ment services division of the 
finance controllers’ depart- 

> x "v 


race competitors during pre- 
race practice flights on Satur- 

The winners also watched 
the air race from a cruise ship 

Her winning tie breaker was 
“Standards which aid under- 
standing and co-operation are 
essential for the continuum 
success of computer 

Sir Frauds Tombs: Chairman of 
ACARD hoping for effective action . 

The ACARD report gave a sharp 
shock to those who might have smuggly 
thought that they would be immune to 
the fate of the IT hardware sector and not 
contribute to a rocketing trade deficit. 

nillion with the UK representing 5 per 
cent of the totaL .... , 

But Britain is not holding its own, ana 
has only 2-3 per cent of the world 
market. That share is largely made up of 
half of the UK market and only 0^ per 
cent from the rest of the world. The 
world market is growing at 30 per cent a 
year, claims ACARD, indicating that the 
UK will foil even further behind the US 
and Japan. 

The study conclndesTUK software 
companies are growing at around 20 per 

cent per annum which is below the world 

rate of 30-40 per cent. Thus the balance 
of payments deficit is going to increase if 
UK industry generally takes op IT at the 
rate required to remain competitive- in 
world markets. This will drive the 
balance of payments deficit for software . 
(all IT) from £200 million (£928 mil- 
lions) in 2983 to £2,000 million 
(£9,000m in all ID in the early 1990’s". 

Companies and the government can- 
not use ignorance as an excuse for poor 
performance. Prior to and during IT 

Year 1982 British businesses were 
inundated with information on every 
aspect of rT, both hardware and sofo 
ware. They were left m no doubt from 
the mountains of publicity materia! that 
IT would touch every business in the 
UK, from manufacturing to service 
industries: If the British were to survive 
at home a ad abroad in the fore of 
competition from the US and the Pacific 
Basin, they must modernize, computer- 
ize and automate, claimed the publicity. 

The source of that information ironi- 
cally was the Government The industri- 
al ministers who iwi organised tire IT 
Year informed us at the year-end that the 
British were now for more aware of the 
benefits of IT than ever before. It seems 
strange that ACARD, four years later, 
think drat randier government nor 
companies have a proper knowledge or 
appreciation of the value of software. 

The ACARD argument cannot be 
challenged but it is a creed which has 
been preached in the last four years by 
DTI advisors to government, ITAP 
(Information Technology Advisory Pan- 
el), the House of Lords, the TUC, 
government backbenchers and both 
opposition parties in the House of 
Commons. Their reports are piled high 
in the DTI and the Department of 
Education and Science and still we have 
the IT trade deficit and skills shortages. 
AH the reports have been published and 
still British industry/business is sluggish 
in its response. 

The principal plank of the ACARD 
strategy is to form an expert body to be 
called the Software Technology and 
Applications Review Team of Industry 
and Government (ST 4R TING}. The new 
group’s mam function is to:“ Hold an 
annual, large scale, formal review meet- 
ing to considers performance report of 
software users, appliers and suppliers". 

The last thing the industry needs is 
another review or another review body. 
It's time to bite the bullet with a little 
help from an imaginative government. 



Too many vacancies to list. . . . 




EB, 500 -£20, OCX) 4 - r elocation 




BBS System 34 or 38 £8,000 to £16,000 

Owcunen [fern ba se otters a onteseledunolcafeerappamjniiKstoryMTRPG 
II or COBOL skfb gamed on the System 34 or 36 Covering thp ntiofe range ot 
appkamnseg .Ban^.Uaflslanifmg amt Consultancy Vte also law several 
rtertscunenHy nnmgBM System 38«homli reti* jou RP6IUC0801 sUfc 
la RPC fll. as mil as otter progression mb) analysis and sySem desejn 

Cad Band Hamy 

Pl-land/m ASSEMBLER £3,000to£20 1 000 

Prawns Imm Anar Programmers adfi c 12 months Rpenence toSraor Btul- 
yaiPragrammas and Systems Designers are many and varied Financial 
retnotems nej Bants. iDsarsnceComp^BtesarHlFiRartceHaasesaKibutustnat/ 
Commercial concerns are seetang professional staff with eipeneweotlBMOOS 
m MVS systems ^imiamnqmmhiesysiansaHlpmgessHin mto Analysis 
and Systems Desgn. Some exceBeni bawta packages are auabtte mlhnttc 
fuancal sector CalBnaHantagtoi 

BM System 38/flPGIfl £8,000 to £18,000+ Benefits 

Webaveanuqefflon-^iequie^ rndudng those 

vrthasifitfeas6rHombse*peumceto&eM(H(eveis The po snorts av&Jatte cover 
a Mde range ol ipptinttns idudng Bankmg (ntti subsidised momjagei and 
Brohiigmprcpaaiw tor me 'BIG BANG' The opportunities also cover Insurance 
Uanutadimng and General CommeioaiappiicatniR WeHa«eanuTniKiDtposi- 
(lOns m Coasdlanq. hi loSenw Consul taut mintfi otters enema veu»amucl 
and variety ot apptowns art. Most companies offer earner profession to 
systems analysis amt design CaflDarid Haney 

SYSTEMS HOUSES £10,000 to £25,000 

on diew onn and as |»ri of a team aod vatio can enjoy Ussr/Oem contact mtti 
respoostntty in otta people TTieiiwviniijmrHpiiranemisnranuiivrrDintiwto 
three years upaws bet a person stttromg good potential m 12-18 months' 
evpenence voiki be t)J altered fat wpenatce ipieterafily a combmaioni ol 
CIBXPl-l ASSEMBLER RPG II orBl is teentysQHjhi on tie complete ranged 
appbuhro on IBM tenJwre. Contrary to popular betel many established 
Sothare Houses have imensrKin-haEi^andniemalirainiDgcvQgranisaswlias 
large company benetis. so you can enjoy career progression as ttll as flbslaM- 
itj Postons Bust lor Programmes. torysKProgiammets Systems Analysts 
and Consultants MIBronHanHjten 

SYSTEMS ANAUFSTS £12,00010 £21,000 

We have prawns available 'across the boanT Ft you are parety a Busness 
Analyst or a room tetJiwhorBited Systems Aratysl then please can eater 
Brace Kaimgton or David Harvey Vft wuW vretariM Analysis vrth any opert- 
ence td the loUMwig haithare and sottwzre 

- IBM SyS 34136138 -IWS 



- IBM PCs (LOTUS. DBMS} -AnyPiogatnmngLarpages 

HP3000 £8,500 to £25,000 

Many positions eosrNAnONALLY These ndode Prognwiws. AndysU 
Pragraraners. Team Latere and Prayed Hfeaagere d Programmer level jwj 
shoMd have at least 6 MONTIfi COBOL or 4GL an an HP3000. The mn saw 
posimosregueainiBniunm tMOtnifStOOQexpenencEprei^rlyHdliS 
or more years npenencer DP HfearamtercsMnheanqframexpffieflced 
rawfflates*hotawb»i*dgeQi any two olthetoaovng. COBOL POWER- 
MM/3000. HPfA. PMSMQ. CfflA or IAS RETRANNG s offmf vth most 
pQSdae. CriAiOrife 

TAHEM £12,000 to £23^)00 } 

SkHs pned on TANDEM eppraent am sought try companies as Averse as 
Bante. Software Hooas and Manufactures. Tt* jete rndade TECHtBCAL/CUS- 
ban 12 months or 20 years opaence then please can Jdl Haney 

to make your next career rrave with our Irelp. We 
have cHents at the "State of the Art" in areas of 
Electronic Engineering. Research and 

Development- Applicants must be educated to at 
least HND or over (depending on trie posttkwi) 
with around 18 months' relevant experience. 

Vaancies for our various dents are avrfable 
throughout the S.E (rf England. 


EL £8 T 000to£16 I 5O0 

Do job irawaMeBst ffrante COBOt orASSEJOLfflwia nuOm^Weliave 
many Ctads. jobss the board, requamg expenetral perannei raengiog Iran 
PregrarMiB level up lo Pioiefl Leate Dor dents arc parhadalymieas&din 
good SMS asd TPMS eaperence on 2960 banhaeo COBOL/ASSEMBLER Dl 
uraferDMF UlonlCLSjsa»25 Wedsohawsemrdopeni^satvanoustettetof 
MEaPro^amnercmAratiBt/PrDgraiTBBas. CtfJnOritie 

The total number of pos/ft'ons currently on our 
files ore too numerous to list. If you do not see a 
suitable position please call us as we have a 
targe range of vacancies covering all computing 




Software Dewlopnwnt, Numerical Analysis, 
Simulation, Maths Modelling, Expert Systems, 
Pattern Recognition, Signal Processing, 
Communications, Analogue/Drgttal Design, 
Control Systems, RJVUHF/VHF, VLSI. 1C, CAD/ 
CAM, I'favaUMiTtety/DefenreenvirormenL 


IBM COBOL £9 JXUta £18,000 -FBeBefils 

Pragiamnwi and Analysi//Prograiii»eis wm upmnt. ol 12 months kwmWge 
otOSrMVSorDOSRSE'VM systems on IBM 4300 or 3000 raadHnes are retwed 
rti an seders rtl ndu^ry and comm^cE Evtmnceoloidmeidajhasesjsffimj 
e g. CBStDL-1 pr IMS 08JDC or any mho sohwre. is tefflty sought but mast 
cmnp^nesCrzveeice/leirtrar.ingl^Ditnesarriiiautitrsffiinaper'enLeCst^L Fosi- 
not5 eiS m Bartmg Consultancy Industry and all areas of Comrasca! 
business Cab Biss Hnagtra 

DEC PUP or VAX £8 1 OODtori8 T 000 

blany tbtoent nstafiatou ate seetag Dpenenod Pragranmerc. Analyst 
PrograraiBS and Project Leaders with COBOL BASCW8ASK*2/VAX-BASC or 
Imseathopportunty and terete as thtraaedooiBot jobs cmreottyavaiiaUe. 

01 J1 Harvey or PadVHB 

01-3775861 [24-hour answer phone) 
after howsoratweekendscortoch 






01-861 1439 
01-249 B423 



8080 etc), MACRO or other relevant languages. 
If you have suitable experience and wish to make 
a career move, please write giving fuU details 
(listing your tefephorre number- daytime 
preferably) or phone for an Application Form. 
AWS PERSOMa, 4A hrkheads road, 
TBJBWMBRBGATE (07372)22491. 

Our services are free to ad applicants. 

H.iiliJ JuVTTT 









experience systernsc.^ ^ ^ 

advanced ability as a - . s-ic: would 

\jose span ^, er ospac e/def ^ l i cervices* anC ? 

as aero financial sarv eS , n 

is against^te^ a areas 

do^rnentation W ^ comp^^the 

in terrr«^- - ot oeu- location 

fSSSwobl® endo®°9 

Where Valles Hecr y£}^tems 



ppgearcn.^. . 


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^ TO YOUR#- 

X V2C- ££0.300 - rasas" 

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«j* *i£T4E 
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.'••';,WC 30® 
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J%. small specialist team. An expanding portfolio. 

At Rowe & Maw we have tong been known 
for the highly personalised approach we 
take to our clients' needs. Further, we have 
acquired a f ine reputation over the years for 
meeting those needs with innovation. 

The result of both factors has been the 
substantial growth of our client portfolio; a 
recent move to prestigious, larger premises 
In the City; and now our requirement for an 
additional energetic, young Solictor in our 
Commercial Property Department . 

The successful applicant will join a closely* 
knit team which concentrates on develop- 
ment and securities orientated work. 

The position will ideally suit a recently quali- 
fied solicitor. We would also be interested in 
anyone about to qualify who has had some 
relevant experience. Terms and conditions 
are those you expect from a progressive firm. 
To arrange an early discussion, please forward 
your CV to: Graham Turner, Rowe & Maw, 
20 Black Friars Lane, London EC4V 6HD. 

Rowe & Maw. 

Company Lawyers 

If you are looking to develop your career in corporate law, we can 
offer you a varied work-load, responsibility and opportunity. 

The firm has a friendly and informal atmosphere and in order to 
maintain flexibility and allow individual expression, we have created 
a number of self-contained practice groups to serve our clients and 
solve their problems. 

We have instituted a training programme for all lawyers, designed 
particularly for the newly-qualified (attracting points under the 
Mandatory Continuing Education Scheme!, and if you are qualifying 
in September, why not come and talk to us? 

Please write, with a curriculum vitae, to; 

Robin Burleigh 
Blackfriars House 
19 New Bridge 5treet 
London EC4V 6BY 


London, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Singapore 
* Associated firms in Riyadh, Tokyo and Madrid 



The head office of an inrwnariooai banking Groapbascd in Paris wishes to rccruii an 
English or U.S. qualified lawyer. 

The bank is involved in all cammerriaJ andmenAapr banking transactions ireduding 
syndications, project finance and trade finance generally. The executive staff is multi- 
nappori andmuhi-dpqplinc aad inchafes members of a LwrfoinStockbrrfdng fain. 
The Legal DepanmeiiCjwbich is presently staffed by an American legal Counsel, an 
English solicitor and French lawyers, now wishes to sppoint a self-reliant and energetic 
lawyer to be based inParis. Candidates shook! have a minimum of 2 years 
post-qualification experience in intemarional finandal transactions. A working 
knowledge of French would be usefoL 

The total remuneration package mil be rugotiabie ar a kwd reflecting the importance 
of th» appoantmeor; 

Applications in confidence quoting Ref: TW/RMC212 to Reuter Simian, 

26-28 Bedford Row, London WC1R 4HE. Telephone: 01*405 6852. 




Freshfields are looking for an able lawyer; preferably with 
about 2 years of relevant experience, to join their busy Private 
Client Department. The work is demanding, varied and 
rewarding with an increasiogly commercial and international 
contend complementing the Department’s estate planning/ 
capital taxation practice.; 

This is ^challenging opportunity for a lawyer with ability, 
energy and personality, anxious to develop his or her career in 
this side of the practice. , . 

Applicants should write; in confidence; giving personal 
details and quoting T/PC to:- David Ranee, Freshfields, 
Grindall House, 25 Newgate Street, London EGlA 7LH. 




with experience in 
residemta! end general 
conveyancing required 
lor West End 
commercial practice. 

Good salary and 
prospects. Write wioi Ml 

CV lo Box J97 Trie 


Department Virginia 

Street London El 9DD. 

Young Solicitor 

For UK Corporate Banking 

We would like to recruit a further solicitor to work as a banker in our highly successful and 
expanding uK Corporate Banking Department. The successful applicant will be able to use 
his her legal skills and experience in marketing, structuring and negotiating a wide range of 
banking products for major British companies. The work will be demanding but it will also 
be interesting and varied. Typical transactions and products will include MBOs, swaps, 
structured trade facilities, property finance, commercial paper programmes and tender panel 
facilities as well as medium-term loans and standard acceptance credits. 

Applicant? should be under 30 with a good degree and have 2-3 years' post-qualification 
experience, as well as a thorough grounding in UK banking law and practice. 

*Ve offer a competitive salary, subsidised mortgage. BUPA. non-contributory pension 
scheme and free life assurance. 

Applicants should write, in confidence, with full personal and career details to> 

Gareth Hughes, Assistant Manager - Personnel, 

Kleinvcort Benson Limited. 20. Fenchurch Street, London EOP 3DB. 

Kleinwort Benson 

The International Merchant Bank 



Trainee - Admin. Div. 

'c' £3384 - £8178 

Vacancies have arisen in the Harlow and 
Epping and Grays Petty Sessional Divi- 
sions for Trainee Court Clerks. These 
posts would be most suited to law gradu- 
ates who have passed the Part II 
examinations of the Law Society and are 
looking to obtain Articles. Applications 
from newly qualified Barristers and Solici- 
tors or from Law graduates, wishing to 
pursue a career in the Magisterial Service 
are also encouraged. 

Commencing salary will be in accordance 
with the age and qualifications. As an 
indication someone who has passed the 
Part II examinations could anticipate a 
starting salary in the region of £6,000 - 

Application form and further details 
from Clerk of the Committee (Person- 
nel Section). County Hall. Chelmsford 
CM1 1LX. Tel: Chelmsford (0245) 
267222 Ext 2017, 

Closing data 11 July 1986. 


Oxford Office 

Company and Commercial Department 

1. We offer an unusual opportunity to 
Solicitors up to three years qualified to 
assist Partners dealing almost exclu- 
sively with City based corporate and 
commercial work for both public and 
private company efients. 

2. We seek a Solicitor with expertise and 
ambition to assist in developing our lo- 
cally. based commercial practice. 
Ideally the applicant should be three or 
more years qualified. 

Top salaries and good prospects are of- 
fered to successful applicants who will be 
expected to participate in the continued ex- 
pansion of our commercial practice. 

Applications should be sent in confidence 

Mr. Peter Angel. Manches & Co.. 

Sun Alliance House. 

52 New Inn Hall Street, 
Oxford 0X1 2PZ. 



(2 posts) 

Salary scale £5,328 - £9,594 p.a. 

Appicatinm. are inviusi from solicitors, hamsters and law gradu- 
ates who wish to panne a career in the Magisterial Service. 

Chesterfield has access to the Ml mofemay and adjoins ihe 
Peak Distric t , bousing caste an reasonable. 

The usual conditions of service sfpty and. where ap pro priate, 
removal and disturbance allowances wffl be paid. A Bolidior / 
borrisut entrant can expect a selaty of not lass than £££49 pa. 

Application forms may be obtained from Mrs- Year) (Chesterfield 
78171) and should be returned by 11th July 1886. 

Clerk to the Magistrates' 

Courts Committee 

P.0. Bos 11 
The Court House 
West Bars 
S40 1AE 



Recent instructions have been taken 
from our leading client practices who 
seek able and ambitious young solici- 
tors, to ensure their continued excellent 
reputation and growth. Of especial inter- 
est are those applicants who wish to 
develop demanding and rewarding ca- 
reers in the foliowing fields. 



For apt and proven advice on both the 
above and litigious posts, contact- 


Stiff specoisis io the legal prulasston wrklwide 
95 Ahmytt, London WSB4JF. Tal; Qt-242 1281 
fimsapHotie after office hours) 

Company Lawyer 

West London 

Negotiable Salary Company Car 

Our client, a leading inlemalional 
pharmaceutical and chemical company, 
has a newiv created post fora qualified 
solicitor or banister lo work in ils Legal 

Your duties will include providing 
comprehensive legal advice to 
management on a variety of issues. 
Specifically, you can also expect to 
become involved in handling all legal 
aspects ol the sale and purchase of 
companies, as well as drafting distribution 
and intellectual property agreements. In 
future (he post will develop to include 
Company Secretarial duties for both our 
dfenl and its subsidiary companies. 

This is a highly demanding position 
requiring a qualified solicitor or barrister, 
probably in your late twenties or early 
thirties, with about 3 years' experience in 
Commercial Law. 

You can expect in return excellent 
career progression prospects together with 
a rewarding remuneration package, 
includinga Company Car. 

If you feel your experience 
matches our client's requirements, please 
apply with your full CV details in the 
first instance to: Ret COO 670. 

Robert Marshall Advertising Limited. 

44 Wellington Street, London 


Look after the interests of Britain’s largest 
independent Health Care group 

Nuffield Hospitals run 32 acute-care hospitals throughout the country. We are a 
unique organisation: established, expanding and above all respected for upholding the 
highest standards of patient care in a highly competitive industry. 

Yet without business and professional abilities, this reputation for medical and 
patient cane would count for little. Equally, operating a successful nationwide organisation 
demands a compatible high standard of legal expertise, and the promotion of our Company 
Solicitor means we’re currently looking for an equally able successor. 

Your prime duty will be to identify and advise on the legal position of all matters 
affecting Nuffield Hospitals. You will also be actively involved in property and other 
negotiations, which will require managerial insight in addition to legal flair. 

This is a particularly responsible and interesting post which we expect to be filled 
by an experienced Solicitor at Law or Barrister with at least three years' post qualification 
experience, of which at least one year should have been in commerce or industry- 

Probably aged 27-35. you'll possess a well -presented, well-balanced personality 
and appearance, and have the ability to impart legal information to non-lawyers clearly and 
concisely, both in writing and in person. A flexible attitude and the ability to withstand 
pressure complete the main attributes we seek. 

You will receive a generous remuneration package including a salary of around 
£20.000 medical insurance and mortgage subsidy. Relocation assistance will also be given 
where appropriate. 

If this key post interests you, please send a complete CV to: Geoffrey Knollys, 
Personnel Manager. Nuffield Hospitals. Aldwyth House, 71-91 Aldwych, London WC2B 4 EE. 

Nuffield Hospitals 

British health care at its best 



and Taxation 

Sinclair Roche & Temperley is a 26 partner practice with offices in the 
City, Hong Kong and Singapore specialising in shipping and 
commercial law 

We are now seeking two assistants for our developing Company/ 
Commercial and Tax departments to service the firm's growing client 
base both inside and outside the shipping industry. 
Candidates with 2 to 4 years post-qualification experience and a first 
class professional background and academic record are invited to 
apply to Join these expanding, hard working but sociable teams. 
Successful applicants will be asked to undertake a wide variety of 
matters and wilt be expected to work with little supervision. 
Remuneration and prospects will be high for the right candidates. 
Please write in the first instance to; 

Mr. J. Ritchie, 

Sinclair Roche &Temperiey, 

Stone House, 128-140 Bishopsgate, 

London EC2M 4JR 


( ll « I fl » I 



Legal Adviser! Assistant 






The Financial Services and Trust Division of 
Lloyds Bank Pic has a vacancy at management level 
within the Legal Section of its Chief Office at 
Haywards Heath. 

The main function of the post is to liaise with 
the Legal Adviser and his small team of lawyers in 
giving advice on the many and varied problems which 
can arise not only in die more traditional area of the 
administration of estates and trusts but also in the fast 
developing field of wide-ranging financial services. 

Applicants must already be qualified solicitors, 
preferably with post-admission practical experience 
(although recently admitted solicitors with suitable 
experience in Articles should not be deterred from 
applying) and have an up-to-date knowledge of 
developments in statute and case-law. It is envisaged 
that the successful applicant will be in his or her mid- 
twenties. with experience gained in a London or large 
provincial firm with an extensive non -contentious 
practice, and have the ability to communicate dearly 
(in giving both written and oral advice), to react 
quickly' in giving that advice and to undertake 

The starting salary is £16,850 and is augmented 
by other benefits inducting a contributory pension, a 
profit-sharing scheme, an annual bonus, a subsidised 
mortgage and a loan scheme. 

Applications, quoting qualifications, age and 
experience should be sent to: 


Excelle n t opport un ity for experienced 
commercial conveyancer in zmgor 
■ Central London firm. 

We require young able and energetic Solicitors to ^sist -ui 
our busv and ‘expanding property and litigation aepait- 

our busy and expanding property „ - - Th ini™ 
ments. We are a well established and forward thinking 
firm who pride ourselves on the quality of the senro 
provided to our clients. We work in modem town centre 
offices and provide a fall range of legal services. . 

We have been reenridng lawyers for industry. 

c omm erc e and finance since 1373 and have placed 
lawyers with most major British mid international 
companies. We also recruit for firms of sdUcitots in 
London and throughout the country. 

AH our consultants are qualified lawyers with 
' many years’ experience in recruitment. 

74 Long Lane, London ECl Tel: 01-606 9371 


*■ — 

RJP. Towns 
Legal Adviser 
Lloyds Bank Pic 

financial Services and Trim Division 

Capital House 

1-5 Ferrymount Road 

Haywards Heath 

Wfest Sussex RHK> 3SP. 


The work will involve a wide range, of property tranrao- 
tions for both private and commercial clients, ims 
appointment would suit a recently qualified person who 
- » , a :n: with 9 minimum or 

ayuuuiuucm wuwu -t r . . r 

is able and willing to work hard with a i minimum, of 
supervision and wul pro vide ample scope for broadening 
their experience. 


Ll . 


Small but weD established Poole firm seeks 
keen and able Solicitor to deal with Criminal, 
Crv3 and Matrimonial matters. £l 2K with 
Profit Sharing and real Partnership Prospects 
for right applicant. 

Apply to: 

Greenwood & Hargreaves, 

4 Wimborne Rd 

Dorset DH15 2BX 
(0202 673311) 


This appointment will involve a challenging and varied 
workl oad in our litigation department. The successful 
candidate will principally be concerned with High Court 
and County Court civil litigation and Family Law. How- 
ever, there will be an opportunity to gam experience in 
the fields of advocacy and commercial and employment 

Applicants for both posts should have a good academic 
record and for the litigation appointment preferably one 
years post qualification experience. 


For our expanding practice we seek talented and experienced solicitors equal to 
the challenge of the following high qualify work;- 


Solicitor qualified for about 3 years to 
conduct high quality commerical litigation. 


Solicitor qualified for about 4 years to handle 
major transactional work with international 
element and general commercial work. 

These posts will attract folly competitive salaries with good prospects within 
these busy expanding departments. Please write in the first instance with a foil 

Curriculum Vitae to:- 

Nicholas Baker, Administration Partner, 
Frere Cholmeley, 28 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, 
London WC2A 3HH. 

McKenna & Co 


An able Solicitor with 2-3 years’ experience is required for 
wide range of private client tax planning work. Sound knowl- 
edge of mists and capital taxation including international 
aspects is desirable together with drafting experience. 

Please zpply with full curriculum vitae tt» 
JBemadette Willoughby 
McKenna &Go~, 

In veresk House, 

1 Aldwych, 



Chief Executive and Clerk's Department 


Idrid Duffy Consuk 





Grade P02 or P03 (£11850 
£12885 or £12885 - £14025) 

c£25,000 + CAR 

Tins temporary appointment for an initial 
six monthly period is to cover maternity 
leave and is situated in the Legal Section 
of the Department. 

The postholder will undertake a variety of 
litigation work and be responsible to the 
Senior Assistant Solicitor for the direction 
and control of certain allocated work and 
the provision of advice and guidance to 
staff of both the Legal Section and other 

Applicants must be admitted Solicitors. 
Previous Local Government experience is 
not necessary. A car allowance win be 

Applicants must be admitted Solicitors. 
Previous Local Government experience is 
not necessary. A car allowance wiB be 

Application forms and further details 

We are curanOy recruiting legal pararenal lor two London 
based commercial oig a m sa aons: 

(1) An international engineering en t e rp ris e are 
a senior lawyer mth at toast four jess 

a senior bwyar_iwth at toast four jots quaBied 
experience handflng consMTCtol or corporate finance 
work. The success*!* c anfeda n w8 be expected to 
advtse on a wide range of commercial and corporate 
issues but emphasis win be ptoced on risks associ- 
ated with the construction compands activities at 
home and oversees and advising on corporate 
finance law affecting the group. 

(2) A major bank is looking for a togal a dmi ni str a tion 
manager. AppScants shook) have practical expert- 
once of ben wig problems and co rtrte rc ial tow with 
good edocBtiorati/ p tofe ss io n at q u a Pflca t to cB. Case 
load consists of a wide variety of complex toga) and 
commerci a l matters In a highly innovative and 
expandng business. E xcefi en t banking-related and 
other benefits inducting (if necessary} relocation 

Bor bather information on these and other legal vacancies 

Ctake Wiseman, Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 

2nd floor, 31 Southampton Row, London WC1B 5HJL 
TatOI-831 2288. Evea fr m eh an ds 01-740 0289 

from County Personnel Officer, County 
Ha8, Chelmsford. CM1 1 LX. Tel: 
Chelmsford (0245) 267222 Ext: 2017. 
Closing date: 11 July 1986. 


TO £18K 

A ScSdtor with up to three 
is sought by a large Central 

County Council 


Offshore Company staffed by English Lawyers and 
Marine Casualty Investigators wishes to recruit an 

Marine Casualty investigators wishes to recruit an 
assistant to work to Piraeus, Greece. The Company 
operates as an totemationaJ Legal and Commercial 
Consultancy, predominately to the shipping indus- 
try- Solicitors, Barristers, and Claims Executives 
with relevant experience are invited to apply. 

Please seed fad CVs lor 

R W. Moisey Esq. 

Transport Counsellors international Ltd. 

26 Since Street 
Piraeus 185 36 

Medium steed Central London pr act i ce seeks 
sofiertw of up to three years e xperience. Ifti- 
tiaBy for Private Tax matters with some 
Corporate Tax, but successful appScant must 
have desire to increase involvement in 
Corporate work. 


Public Company Lawyer sought by major Qty 
practice for venture capital workload. 
Excellent career development 

Jjiw f Personnel (8) 

Stall spacelsts to the legal profession worldwide 
95 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 12B1 
(ansaptmre after office hoars) 


PERMANENT £10.500 pa+ 


LEGAL AUDIO. — £6 ph 

LEGAL WP £6 JO ph 

For fiut&er details phase call Diane on 

01 879 3453 



Applications are invited from members of the 
bar interested in joining a set of Chambers to 
be established from early October 1986 in the 
premises at 9 Devereux Court tbe freehold of 
which is newly acquired by Middle Temple. 

We are willing to consider applications from 
established practitioners and from those cur- 
rently pupils or squatters. 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to BOX 



Please write with a C.V. to Nigel Bowden, EHenborough 
House, Wellington Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL50 1 YD. 




Vacancies arise in the office of the clerk to tbe justices, and offer an 
excellent opportunity to embark dta a career in a magistrates* courts. 
Preferen ce wiQ be given to those qualified as barristers or solicitors. 
Recent finalists may also apply. Startmg salary according to qualifications 
and experience; a person who has passed tbe relevant final examinations 
may expect to start at £8178 per annum. National conditions of service 

Wtfgm and Co is a vrewE* Gnn of SofioJoa with. « strong intenatiKai eicpbwK. 

We are mill if TWO solinitpq 

- One to assist is tin sms of priests client financial p fe nning 

- One to assist in — — nfMnyw^miil nunumw iJ work undertaken by the Cum. 

Court Getfts reserve salaries of £9951 to £11361. and Senior Court Oerks 
£11361 to £12783. Appointment to a Court Clerk post depends upon there 
being a suitable vacancy, further progression to Senior Court Clerk de- 
pends upon the qualification and satisfactory experience of the Court 

Sabiy si car above London tabs. 

Apply in writing in the first instance to: 

T.W. Osborne, Wiggm and Co, The Quadrangle, Imperial Square, 

Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL50 1YX. Tel: 0242 519111. 

Letters of application giving details of experience, age and qualification, 
together with the name and addresses of two referees should reach me not 
later than the 4tb July, 1986. Telephone enquiries to Norwich (0603) 

PHILIP BROWNING, Clerk to the Justices, 
Magistrates' Court, Ksbopgate, NORWICH, NR3 1UP. 






01-248 1139 


CONTACT US NOW - We tew many 

: opportunites a w aiting you. 

London Legal Execatreo 

29 Maddox Street. London W1R 9LD 
(Recruitment Consultants) 

01-493 1292 

Mrs. Warren or Mr. Knox 

Trowei; Still & Keeling 


Trower, StiD&Xcdingare looking for an ambitious soEdtor 
with drive and initiative tojoin their rapidly expanding 
Company/Commercial Department to work as part ofa team 
with an exciting and dnSenfpng chart portfolio. Candidates will 
have at least two years* good commenaal experience preferably 
in the Citysmce qualification. The Deportment handles aj very 
wide' variety of commercial and company lav wodrand the 
opportunity to devdop and exteHdeJda&g^reas of expertise is a 
k^fktor in ths rewarding positic^ l\ 

ThesnaDessfidondidatewillbeofiereda competitive salary 
together with other nsoal benefits. 

Please send fall attriaihim vitae, in confidence, to: 

Nicholas Hitts, 

Trower, Stitt & Keeling 

5, New Square, Lincoln’s bm, London WC2A3RP 



New Law JouraaL pcb&sbed by Bunowortha. the 
pa*d-far legal jo u nari in the UK. It mats m each 

its weekly 



London 10 Boro. 

nancs IQ give a comprehensi ve corc ray of developments faiifac 
UK legal world fend m fee EEC) in the fern o« onides. par- 
[ccijcnisry and we notes. a*d lender commen t WW* fee NU 
anas to be pravneative and refiolmg. it remain essentially 

The Editor mast be capable of fettfflreg the vast amooa of 
poMahatife material each week imo a balanced jcrmal of uter- 
es* to | fee whole readership; meeting fee exacting demands ofa 
weekly prodoenw schedule; stqremang fee work of an assfelant 
editor and sfeediioR conamnly searching lor new ideas aad 
new coMritwoTj. and getting om imo fee legal world to find om 
wh« is of current merest to fee p rofesgiu a. 

Responrifaifiiy also extends to dose liaison wife fee advslising 
luj moots to maximise advcftacmcu revenue 
Proven /oornafeoc Bair is Dare important fexn formal legal 
nu a faf i oHi o n s. bn an interest in and non iliarity with fee taw is 
an obvious pre requ isite: 




Salary: c. £tfiL0OO pix. piss reading allowance. LVs. Company 
pranon aad BUPA. Safety and con d i lWNM in accordance wife 

Please reply wife fen c.v. Ke 

M3wi R. Mler 
PuillUll Dtp. 

Btoterworth A Co (PaM fem) Ltd 
I — fcAB 


A recently qualified 
Assistant Solicitor and an 
Articled Clerk to help in a 
busy and expanding general 
practice in a delightful 
Cathedral City. 

Apply with full c.v. to: 



Up to £15,804 (inclusive) 

This is a newly created Senior post re- 
sponsible for the provision of professional 
advice on services transferred to the Bor- 
ough on the abolition of the GLC. 

□D Butterworths 

Humfrys & Symonds, 
1 St John Street, 

HR1 2ND. 

Specifically the areas of work will be pre- 
paring cases for and acting as advocate 
at major public Inquiries, dealing with the 
l«al work arising out of the preparation 
PJan, conducting complex 
civil litigation and advising on traffic man- 
agement matters and in connection with 
waste regulation and disposal functions. 



practice! I | Select Committee on European Communities 

Applications are invited for tie above post. Du- 
ties involve scrutiny of EJLC. draft legislation 
and research into EJ3.C- related areas of U-K. law. 
Startmg autumn 1986. Salary linked to Civil 
Service Legal Officer Scale. 

Details and application forms from: 
Establishment Office 
House of Lords, 





^ Pracfc* Seeks solicitor 
££ y8ar ? ^Wication experi- 
ence. tor heavyweight caseload. 



Up-ttwJate medium sited City practice is in 
need of senior solkartor to undertake hioh 
quabqr of work with international flavour. 

opportunity for an 
SlSPSEjf 9ain an insight into a wide 
variety, of local authority activities. AddC- 
cations should have approximately three 
y^rs post-qualification experience: a 

Knowledge of one or more of the specific 
arcas^ responsfoimy would 



Experienced lawyer required for top-drawer 
residwitial wor k. LeatM ng City practicewflEng 
to consider soBotors with up to five vears 
experience. 3 


from Director of Administration and Le- 
P.O. Box 2, , Town HaH, Kgh 

,G1 1DD - fotephone 
01-478 3020 extension 106 (answerina 

be relumed by n July 1986. 

Telephone: 01-219 3185 

fnii Ti i mim f M) 

Stafl speciahsS to me 1^1 professttm worfdwhte 


95 Aldwyd!, London WC2B 4JF. Tte 01 -242.1281 
fensaphongafler office hows) 


Grade P0I £11.973 jul -£12.861 pa. i ad wwc or P02 
£12343 pj.- £13.578 pi ioctnsve. (E*pcricoccd Legal 

Execurne would be amkfcied far ooe of feese pos&> • 
required lor busy tap] department in a large London 
Bonngi to undertake a wide variety of wwk over tbe whole 
fidd oTlbe Cnwcirs &Kt»as wife anpbasb on JrtreatHm 

fidd of Ibe Connors hwetwas wife empbasbon litigatim 
aiafl levels inducting CommcricaL Candtdares must urea 
poslire and coatmaiveapproadi and be able to work 
without supovision. Whilst knowledge of Local 
Gorera m eai Law woald be a draim g R pna. it is not 
essenliaL Flexitime is worked. 

Application feens for fee aborre past quoting reference 
number REP: LA/14/tSX arxitabJe from; 

The rua e n d Dnbiee. CWc Centre. Oxbridge. Middle- 
sex UBS 1UW. Telephone Uxbridge S Ogogf hwr 

aaewennji service 
a ratable). Ctaeinc 
date ll Jaly 198C 


Sedcaa ambitkxa yoang sMiritor riautaoM , ^ 

pacwr ireorporating prop 

AWny to wort under pressure and am TmeLp? J” 0 * 5- 
dun ro on of legal m— i? 
mhry and * ™ ded «*toClive 

Tne Feftham office of this se v en branch firm 
has a vacancy for an experienced solicitor or 
legal executive In its residential department 

Please apply 01-924 3020 
Reference PHB 

Competitive salary, 5 weeks holiday and quality 
car provided. 

London Borouqb of 


apply with cv to: 

Mr N Bamard, 90-82 High St TOtham, Middx 
TW13 4ES 
. Tel 01-890 2838 

i ^?«« appoint ments 






s AL.-\k) 



■ '-firr 

: ^ 

Vi Ui O 



LegalApp ointmen t s 



has a vacant in its newly established 
offices in Piraeus Greece for a marine 
consultant to advise its clientele of 
shipowning, banking and insurance 
clients. The preferred applicant will either 
have a legal qualification and several years 
experience practising in the field of 
maritime law or will have 'been employed . 
by a P and I Club handling a case load of 
claims relating to the Ml range of 
shipping problems. 

Initial interviews will be held in London in 
late July. 

Applicants should write with their current 
curriculum vitae and salary expectations 
to Box No. J94, Times Newspapers, 
Virginia Street, Wapping ESI. 

AS classified advenhcmaoi 
can De accepted bj l ekuh o ne 
(ewfrt AsniMMXfnetna). The 
dadUto is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
10 pgUicauoa lie iCOpm Mon- 
day liar Wednesday! Should 
PM wish Jo send an ad v e njg . 
man m wribnr ptesse raehuJt 
vour daytime phone number. 
P«m«MT. If yen bm any 
queries or prnfamt retail ng to 
jwjt adveraeraent oaee u has 
iSpeamL pfcajt contort ow 
Customer Services Dcrartraem 

by telephone on 01-4*1 Cl DO. 


seeki otfifr rntniniavts ianv 
lusdinn wnn tm. io 
trttming private ommi 
and or wnatl taurnamenfe V 
sou would like w be included 
plMv ring Boo Rothman o a 01 



Wirinders CorkwrtKI Tiles, 
oesy. «jn# enty £826 pef cq 
ytf * VAT. Wool to BOttr 5»- 
pets 4m woe Hasan tacked 
WS per St rti * VAT. «Me 
sotte test 

Parana* Gnu. SW6. 
Teb 01 - 73 S 7551 

tm eSfc u tei- Ci pert Mag. 



PolyGram Record Operations, part of the 
international PolyGram group of music 
companies, requires a young, legally-quali- 
fied person to assist with contractual 
clearances of repertoire and the drafting and 
negotiating of licenses. This position is ide- 
ally suited to a newly -qualified solicitor/ 
barrister in their early 20’s who is seriously 
wishing to shut a career in the musjc 

To apply, please send a c.v. with covering 
letter to Veronica Spicer, Personnel Officer, 
PolyGram Record Operations Limited, 54 
Maddox Street, London WlA 2JH. 



jo*e own uKri auiM 40 lo- 
an NO*' VOtTve iwnM your 
n* oy dale vdut mrnoi wui 
tictn cocnautcrat* H>sov 


On June 22nd. 1946 at St. 
BrUrt. CrJlWV QMm. SWT. 
ouwn 10 Rmnurv now u 
P r<Bf«iaw, flow bmo,. 


SELECT PMCWOS Exclusive in- 
truaaepen* (or me muiiortwd. 
08 MaOOCot SUert. Umdut Wl 
TeWMvae JOS-9957 
BREAKAWAY. London', dub (or 
praUnuui utuuuieMU pnift 
23-43. O' rr 200 nmt' raomti- 
tv 24 hr info tape. 997 7994. 
COMPANY GOLF Day* orsenaed 
for OUT or cv m o me rv Any to- 
eai& n. Tel 0754 872722. 
MHB I OW , Lmr or Marriage 
AU aged- am Dalrtme. Dcpl 
(016* 25 AUnodon Road. Lon- 
don wa TCL 01 936 JOI1. 
rurrJrtuum iim focimmu. 
Ovum: 01-580 2959. 


CLAPHAM Brtn,«, Rota One 
to Konnern Late time Prof on- 
*» «we 25 l a uuk d Bed 
how Own wwown. C2M 
oem Trt M a nrere on o: -236 
1836 iworVi 01-228 0702 


wu r own igv ate bed ir- bright 
Munaui 3b*d h« Au amvri- 
w» S*3 35m» im oa- 7«. 01 - 
740 4676 

rrrzetoitcr avc nm m 

M IT ffwrc lux Hal m imprrv 
uve iwiwn vtaaioE 0». 
Otar Hwn «4 Kvn. Own DWr 
Bdrro. £60 in* CxcL Tel oi- 
6 C 2 -JT 61 After 7 p m. 
BULWtCMSC21 Prof r.ttiare tux 
M. O R is nun. imeiu 
City. £iso pen ftti ulus, de pot, 
u irrturnaon'l TH 01 242 
7017 IW 5M agency 
imk tune, all uobBn. w, 
uooturroom. ftano. CH £8Sm» 
UK um In Mark ot 495 
5299 I ©I Ol 957 9599 (Hi. 
SKI female MnoMVK io share 
comfortable S Ur am with 2 
lively u offunili o»r out 
room 6M All (amities C&apw 
Tvf. Ol 682 Wf 

wepaub utuaauaory write* 
Rtoe m (or aooi- oi-seo Mp:. 

313 HlOim d vm ROM. SW3 

rULHAM WMF. 22-77 yre. 
Kf.OR.ig mi«M mux. nr 
IUM £62.00 per wwl ned Tel 
01 381 3903 (BRer 6 OC MB). 
PRIVATE Oardvn Square wun di- 
rect accm Urcury toad out 2 
OeuflM.o r. n-a.w tn £ 0 Spw 
733 7451 Day 3733782 Nome 
CW18 female arm iMrM 
Mux. oarom. ck»e lube 
(fouthima dli C40mv ox- 
870 1514 

to ynarr debofiauJ naj with oar- 
dvn vwv cso pw md rain 

Tel: 01-328 £548 


mscraanaj fares 


•totKQj'K* t3S 5 Its 

Neraa £223 £15 

Can S13& E2C& 

L«a £215 £335 

Seam £232 £3*0 

BeOS* £195 i22Q 

DouDa £420 

Afra Astau Ikwf Ufl 
162 /in Bewsi SL rt 
THJ 01-437 B56fif7lt 



More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

• FtsL expert, high-tech 
Service - Free worldwide 

hotel A car hire pass 

• op to- 60% ffisemintB 
Open MUon-Sat 

Immunisation, insurance 
Foreign Exchange, 
Usp A Book Shop 

-Sfc'Kfc7?&*»3»rr fiaot- 

<MA Eaffa Court Boad 
LeMlMW8 6EJ 
Loog-Kuut 01-603 ISIS 
EuropuAMA 01-937 5400 
Ist/Busfauss 01-838 3444 


Required for Sola Prac- 
titioner in Rest Street 
with varied and Interest- 
ing work load. Must be 
able to work on own 
MtivB. Salary c. £9,500. 

Teh 353 5535 

flKVlivf to deal with remlrn- 
Ml command ns mUlvn In 
renvrtM practm sUualed tn 
Avmoun- Salary cMOelianL 
Claire wieeman. Gabrtrt OulXy 
Omsuliancy Ol 831 2288 

tant tor tmaay vouna 
pannrnhto to Norfolk- Salary 
nmpMiiftc and profPMu good. 
Claire Wnemao. GaOrtei Dufly 
OomuHaiwv Ol 831 2288. 

need on energaUc etUfiuMafUc 
Solicitor (or our WlnctieWer 
orjncH. Tlie MKCeandU ««*• 
ranr wni head iiw ungauen 
Derurtmeitt one will deal won 
criminal and dvo umauion and 
raairttnoniai maoen. A MailW 
appunv tor work and an aUUte 
to exnond (urthcr ana auto « 
anr nmni <e ate abo eMWitlal. 
Rcwanfc are a young, friendly 
environment. oooO nlary ana 
partnataHip nmpocts for Ow 
npl person. Elmer apply wab 
run cv io T w. Payne. Brntton 
A Co.. 17 SmUMate smL 
wmctxxer. SOM 9EA or t*to- 
Mione for mor* ndonnauon on 
(0962) 68632. 


requires non-eonten- 
tious quafifled soBcKor 
for East MkSands office. 
Apply In confidence with 
fun CV to Box J52 The 
Tbnes. Advertisement 
Department PO Box 
484, Virginia Street . 

London El 9DD. 



soucrroR. smart 


TEL 01 486 0995. 

MIXED C O M V E YAWC W ia. Prrf 
newly uuallfleu to 3 yuat* aoUc- 
Our. DU to £19.000 Ne«. 
Meredith Scon ReerufiaMM Ol 
083 0060. 

■MHOSTR* special tons In 73* 
pianranq and Tru8 raaHerm. Ay 
pomimann In EtoH AnoHa. 
Thantoa Valley and EON MM- 
unde. To 18K. Wum 
COM uOanta 0936 26183 
MC. Major EC* utadue. 
SoUeUor nref. On* ■ mrea y «» 
admitted £25.000 N*9- Mo- 

■ ediui Scon R*eruun*nl Ol SB3 

[ 00B6. 

J i'J? year* admRttd. View iq p. atilD- 

’ ‘ 5. . . HlWiiy regarded EC2 praettae. 

+ " - rrieo MeretHUl Scott ROcrull- 

menl 01 883 0088 

,,,—.17 8A8RKTW, OVM 60. xpeoallei 
- ««•*' MJaiSf' 1 ' Town ana Country Ptanntet* 
Bar. with own practice. Peeks 
':C London chambers • uroenlly 

' BOX J66 


mnwi DUUSY * CoautMT- 
CUU Utkuaon Solicitor 3/8 
yean experience. North Nanis, 
to Ci8k. Mary Male. Accord 
personnel. 0935 818500 

pracnae. SoUeUor peer. Two - 
nve years adrtuaetL c£20-000 
Mendim Scott Re uuWi noeL pi 
883 0056. 

aii M n mi saueiTOR mes 

Devon OpmwbObi and Com- 
pany work. To £l ik. Waw 
OtXBuUanls 0936 20183 

A WWimi Mucnw so, 86 

Ntuth YtKks town thw. To 
£VSK. Wow OMputtanb 

Leedi General Unganon £11K. 
wc»w consuljanis 0938 

Bradiord Probate ana Convey- 
andna. To £11K wemex 
Consultant 09QS 26183 

wtcfi. Property and Company 
£12- 5K. WmQ CoflUltantS 
0933 28183 

BRISTOL Suburban of Tier 
Branch SoUawr Non Co men- 
Horn Bm £1 ik Mum 
C oiuuluuit* 0936 26183 


to £20,000 

; Leading dty firm seeks 
pensions administrator 
experienced in handling 
aU legal documentation. 
Age immaterial; full or 
pat time. 

Please reply, with full 
career history to: 

law Placements 
m STR) 

Ludgate House, 
107-11L Fleet Street 
Loodoo EC4 2AB 
D1-3S3 5498 (24 bows) ] 

FREE 1ST o( country va c an cie s 
at salaries (Torn £7.000 to 
£23.000. Chambers A PurtfMK 
01-606 9571. 

Country town. UHoadon Bias. 
Good ProWfcB. £1SK. Waatx 
CWisaltaitB 0936 20183 
fiOKML PRACTICE Solid lor. 
Dorsrt Coast ClO^k. Mary 
Male. Accord Personnel. 0936 


86/B6. Demy and Nottingham 
to £I0K. Wessex Consultants 
0936 26103 


- & county Courts Hens. Ol^t 
Mery Mate. Accord Personnel 
0936 818506 


Shropshire, Salary negoUabie. 
Mary Mate. Accord Personnel 
0936 816806 

jUSfc. Mary Mate. Accord Per- 
sonnel. 0935 816506 


Soholcr up to 4 yean P-O. Cen- 
tral London practise. To 
£26000 Ne«. Meredith Stott 
fteertutmem 01 883 0085. . 
years P.Q ccntmerdai teas. CC4 
Wan toe. Up to £17.000 Meg 
Meredith Scort Recruttment Ol 
683 006B. 

CtVM. LITIGATION with- main, 
menial * Crime somersn 
cC 129- Mary Mate. Accord Iter- 
•Oime) 0908 818806 
Bedforosnire- £X2*ric. Mary 
Mate. Accord Personnel. 0938 

Beit seen boueW. soM. 01-77B 
9373 anytime. 

WHAM, QUEEN. wuttMaden. all 
meams and Ml Soto Old evam 
Rtng 01 701 8283 

Bouo&I and sold TH 01-881 
3347 or 01-791 2286. 
Centre Coun Tor an y da y Beet 
ms Please phone 737 3602 
ior all days, also warned oi 
. 223 4560 

WMHLSDOH nekets for sale A 
wanted. Best pores paid 
Obtainable! Ltd. Ol 839 1888 


IS lawyer 17 BtdRmda Bl 
L ondon W1 01 486 0813. 


AUTHOR WANTS tyntst w)th 16 
ill Hies to nnscrSie novel (run 
Mewled Packard personal com- 
ptaer 3 1,2 Inch dec. Bum Ol 
722 7676 Mays. 
OLVNDEDOURNE Private bto-er 
oreenuy reoutree M*et» tor 
Sunday i3ih July. Ptoeue Reply 

Desks. Bookcase etc 4c Pre 1940 
(umilure TH: 01-986 0148 or 
01-228 2716 day or oiehL 
WMKOON We uuarancre to 
pay top prices tor cenire court 
seats. Phone Robin RxnanDan 
on 01 036 2630 
SALE. Any day. Court 1 or 
Centre. 01-439 0300. All motor 
credit ores taken. 

bteOon. Top prices- Phone u» 
MR. 821 6016/828 0496. 
all wiifi rnnw tickets 
wanted. Cailres. No IT. Bed 
prices pato. 01-839 MSS. 

COLLECTION Of 40 plates tor 
sate including (id set of Scodt 
Xmas 70-81, Nte WMoewood 
calendar 71-84. ftmhar details 
Ware 0920 61 787. 

Figurines, animals. ett_ want- 
ed. Ol B85 0024. 



For nig, bMUttfui pm wainut 
updpN Saner popd (StHMuy 
tamSjj. in pertaa cantttan 
hmttfl ben tapt tread n star- 
apa. Mr tow ran otd. 
Betoctanf salt by tomrn ctxsy 
cu ncc stodeuL IM ataw 
ottare n At o( E2. 0 Q 0 . 

01 703 0601 

Fly Savely 

Jane Plus Early July 

eat n «« 

EJiRcaom era UH&Z 


*N*’K VS 


flora ML. e^-ra VU Lean 

01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 
ATOL 1922 

lowest fares 

Pmts £99 N YORK ES*5 
framtur £S0 LA, if EX* 
Llgos E320 Usei* E29S 
UrO 1325 Sei gs pom U2D 
Joowg £-159 Bs/tpM £335 
Caro £355 Ktenaneu 
DN.fBora £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong £SU) Cncuai E425 

Plene eaB 
Zt I ■Her LL Umss VI 
•MS TlBl^r aw 

rmob cicub accma 


Nairobi. Jo’Burg. Cairo, Duhai. 
faunbul Singapore. KJ- Delhi. 
Baagkok. Hong Kong. Sydnry. 
Europe. St The Americas. 
Fluaicgo Tra*eL 
76 SbRnkvt A route 
LadH WlV 7DG. 
01-439 0102 
Open SeXtedsy J0.08-L3JM 

bought. Top prion paid, we col- 
lect. COO. Ol 701 8283. 


01-682 9264 or 01487 1095. 



4-6 dork Kiitiogsny prand. over 
strung. W octave*, ivory Ion. 
Perfect Cot 1930 1 owner. 
E1.800.OOD. 062 882420* 

SAUICJt model studio upnohl Pl- 
ano m very poPd anttim 
walnut brown, wah reuse li- 
brary. C2vSOO ono. Tstephone 
01-703 0601. 

wanted ior larg e pa ckage com- 
pany- Ol 437 £078- 
WBBBLEDON , top octres (Or Cm- 
tee Court scale. Ring 01 836 

Plus UebenturesANO Oynde, 
bourne-Besl pnces.01 2280837 
Tot prices paid. COD or codec*. 
01-703-5989 t 0836 00922 
ED Best prices e«M. centre 
court or court 1. 01-737 2632 
we rolled. Ol 980 6336- Mor- 
gan Tickets. EBham. 
WIMBLEDO N ail tickets wunied. 
not for resole. Best prtoee paid. 
01930 4636- 

WNM8LCBOK best seats bought. 
Tel' 0323 603178 or 0836 

orB-Bon Dusoiuet iiptaotlt is- 
land Direct riHjats to Kos. 
(09231 mZbtfZMmy 

TJmsway Holidays. 

-AHTA.ATOL 1107. 

L U S I tU r itBS OR rttghte'hots 
ID Europe. LISA & moot dedlna 
non*. Diploma) Train: 01-730 

Wjde am-Edge TToiet ABTA 
01-839 S0333UOO Angle 

USA »r Cl 15 Single. £210 rtn. 
High Season Fares Major trav- 
el. Ol *86 9237 IATA 

Sw computer appointments 

w t w ■* “ 


- . r 1 04 

j : . '■( 

., , . ■_ 0. 

I A 




•. Company Car • Life Assurance 
• Company-paid Pension • BUPA 

If you are a university graduate in a technical field, have 5 years 
of computer-related experience and yon want a career in selling 
as opposed to concentrating on the technical side, this may be the 
ideal opportunity for yon. 

The Opportunity 

You will be responsible for selling 3 highly technical software 
products: NETWORK H.5, SIMFACTORY, and SUBSCRIPT H.5 to 
technical people who have already expressed an interest. The selling 
method is well-defined - what is needed is persistence, systematic 
lead processing and the maturity to work effectively without close 

The Company 

CACI is an international professional and high technology service 
organisation with annual turnover of approximately SlOOm and 40 
offices worldwide. 

CACI has been established in Europe for oyer 10 years and is 
preparing to launch several of its. highly successful proprietary 
software products in the European market. 

Interviews will be conducted in London on 1st and 2nd July. Please 
respond immediately if you have th&required background by calling 
or sending your CV to:- Tessa Perks, CACI, Oriel House, 26 The 
Quadrant, Richmond, Surrey TW9 1DL. Telephone:- (01) 9403606. 

house. £326 pw. Cl 736 1536. 
central Loudon from £325 pw 
R bw Town Hw Apts 373 3433 


lube Rips, quirt. friendly, 
mixed ftei. prof, n *. tor o r 
£66 pw art. Ol 79* 5769. 
CLAPHAM. Prof F. N s. 26 Y. 
pretty o. r u» muted house. £40 
pw tote 490 3681/673 5*9Cte 
HHUW RANK Room in enem) 
noure £40 p.w Mid J lily-end 
August. 727 2476 after 7p re 
NX M f o r tn lux mao. gun. rt 
gun. nr Angel. £48^0 pw. 93b 
2041 a. 226 6011 ev, 
room N. S. £138 pjp. bteluRie. 
Tel 01-9*7 7188. 

SW18 b.». o r. earkus. com- 
reroute flat. gdn. £140 pen ra 
01 870 4200 etes. 

STREET. STodlo. 8/C. SuU 1. 
£126 pw Co Lrt. 01-957 960! 

Week to 3 Month, from £300 to 
0.000 vm. 01-957 9681 
SALJUJM prof M. O R. hi (noted 
house, nr lute- £l*o pcm. 01 - 
673 2650 after 3.00pm. 



Together we can beat it, 

Vfc fund over one ihird of 
jII retnrrh m» ihe prrven* 
non ind cure of cancer in 
the UK. 

. Helpusby sendingadema- 
non or nuke i legacvia 




2 far Firm Homs-Tt-rurr. 
tlrptTTM/6. LniHirei Sft'lY SAS 

London • Dublin • Amsterdam • Washington, DC 

New York E249. LA £329. To- 
ronro £229. J-burg £*19. 
Naimta £509. Syqney r*39. 
Auckland £749. DSrtvU- ISO 
Jcnw® Strrci 01 039 7144 
Menorra. Tenen/e. viius API 
Pennon* TavemaL HoUdayv 
FhglW*. Brocnurn- insunl 

booking veouir* Hobdays. 
Trt 01-250 1350. 

X CALL Fee *onw of me best ocate 
on nis. vinas. apt*, hua jnd car 
hire. Trt London Ot 636 5000. 
Manchester 061 839 2000. Air 
Travel Atfrnory Bureau. 
inghls ««. (Wo £486. UrTU 
£488 rtn Aho Small Group 
Holiday JourtteVSJeo Peru 
from £3501 JLA 01-747-3108 
LSA. 6. America. Mid and Far 
EasL 6 Alma. Tractate. 48 
Margaret Street. Wi. 01 880 
2928 i Visa ACtrpMd > 

Mr YORK Miami LA. Ctteapett 
lares on major U S. KtiediOCd 
earners- Also tranaallanuc 
marten 8 IHgw io Canada. Oi 
584 7371 ABTA. 

BOUND WORLD £796 eCon. Chto 
ir £1899. First ir £2033. Syd- 
ney (r £659 rill. CKUUIOdL- 
Cullers Cardens 10 DeveoUtire 
Square. EC2 01 929 4281. 
Lurooean 4e*iination» tnclu- 
«ne hoBdays SanTortnl - 
Cortu. SunlWtt Kotauys. 01 
491 2187 ATOL 8109. 

pean deaimaiiont. vafexsmier 
01 402 4262 0062 ABTA 

6100a ATOL 1960 
World wide cneapeu (am. 
Richmomi Train, i Duke a 
tommopd ABTA 01-940 4073. 
TUNISIA For thu perfect IWbOay 
wnn tunny days A carefree m*. 
ideal Swing- Summer. Taresan 
Train 01 - 3734411 , 
AUCAKTE, Faro. VMtm nc 
Dtmond Tram ATOL 1783. 
01-381 4641- HonMXO 08641 
AUSSIE. NJT-. South Africa. 
L-&A. H6n9 Kong. Best Fam. 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 

Drac hunts /Economy Bck- 

rts Try u* late. FLIGHT 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
ECUADOR TRAVEL specialists in 
Lai in Amenta A Europe air 
lain Trt-. 01-437 753* ABTA 
Flights Fatder Ol-*7i 00*7 
ATOL 1640 Accra* visa. 


TAKE TIME OFF to Para. Am- 
sterdam. Bnaaefc. Bruges. 
Genei a. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. OuWtn. Roum Bou 
loan* A Dieope. Time Off. 2a. 
Chester Ctese London SWIX 
7BQ 01-236 0070 




Ws can ahwys suo«y a first cte 
vte. e»n » i»» test mtito. V/e 
tow mbablir the finest satocun 
m me Uethtenanm. on Cortu. 
&etK. Paras. Warn*. Soum ot 
Franct te*r - on ms baach or wrth 
pool, us dm ikuo. same a coot. 
Price’ From me very etoumie to 
me samramefr modasC- 


cvTMva m 

43 Cadagsg (toad 
LocMoswa m 
crr-sai 6851 / 01-584 >883 
pas 0132 - 24 to 

wn *m 



MENORCA, vmas. Apartments. 
Taiornas. all dares mad. June 
aperws. Hrgh Season from 
£1 75. CellK HolebU'S Ol 309 
7070 6 OA22 677071 Or £>022 
O77076i24hrsi. ATOL 1T72. 


TE NE RIFE SOUTH 2 bed apart 
men! nr Las Americas SI pa 6 
A> adapt? now £136 pw video 
a\ai lame. 02748 769S6 

KltKL Morrarn. French Alto. 
Large, new 2 floor apartment - 
lounge. 3 beds, kitchen. 2haDn 
jiii, -September. L230£350 
per week. Trt: (OH 6038736 

CORFU 26 WNE. V illa on (he 
beach, sips 6. in unsecNli 
h ami naii *W mhw iac,M*i 
Jury Aug Kimscape Hohdays 
OI 948 5747i24hr«. ABTA. 




9J nris turn Syiatia teach 
New maecrwE slaeo 6/7. i 
&arm«sns, tuuy imtfl knrten. 
large f«eww. 

jsrtefl. mad servea F300.00 
. tw msk. 

To* 01 4S2 $218 
(after frOO pm). 

CORFU hendirul i lilac. Apia. 
H9ltts. U p still ttai e aiailatBlllv 
Sunday 29 June A ew-ry bun- 
da,- in July at Special Prices 1 a 
2 wy* ex Ctetwlck. Pan World 
HoUd-Q-s Ol TS4 2962 
Windsurf lenms. (Ill 6 note 
goto. Cougte. cniM Carr. 1.58 
jul (tiro* in On tr 1159 
LUHWJP-01 4*1 0122 24 hr* 
GREECE. Lnmain WibkU- cheap 18 rrnuHeK. Zeus Hoi 
Mays 01-434 16*7 And Alio 

RHODE* 25.28 66 2 7 tax ass 
hols, from £129 Swama (T706 




01-244 7353 


RAKPSTEM. Un>gu» IKa. su- 
peit stu&c mom. «uhm 
eaWi^L 3 berirms. 2 tstfis. W. 

S e. sauna. 5«<o. £275 
II. Suoct value moa roe. 3 
fiedrms. aettgbt retrt). stacas 
W to ten. VIC. age. 5 inns 
tote E2S. 

HMiMB&Mmt Prerry me, 

nwysva«Hi sea. 3 DrtrmL 
taxo * 4 D. mm. gge. £160 
MVSWATEA oogm new dec 
rh cuel Sit rfWe bed m». mep. 
k & a £120. 

01-499 5334 



v - / — R ESIDENTIA L— w 


We have to rent a selec- 
tion of unfum&hed 3 and 
4 bedroom flab on this 
weu run estate - short 
teases ftveitebte at rams 
from n8.000 pa. 

Hyde Psrk Office: 
01-262 SOSO 


Attractive modem studio. 
AST with wonderfti views 
of Thames and Sl Pauls, 
ideal as business pied-a- 
terre. underground park- 
ing. Available 3 months 
plus £140 per week. 
Oockfand* Office: 
01-538 4321 

Aitraave irnenof decora 55 d flat. Double bedroom. Recartion, 
idly in Wehen and bathroom. Co. tel lor S months. £200 pw. 


Good family house wnh roof terrains and patio garden. 3 
double beds A i single bedroom. 3 receps. 2 baths. Maui 
moulted. Co. let for 1 year phis £<75 pw. 


01-225 0433 

DUURCH Et24. Close village. 

r diaiity turn family Use, 
beds. 2-' 3 recurs, in 
baits. In kit Kt marfts, gdn. 
aval now, £225 pw. 

The Pt optm 
' 03-221 

asewMC-MuMU com 
lortaMv (urn 3 m mni toe m 
aoegni elln rnKteniial area. 
CrabMiy Co lrt only LI 75 00 
pw Trt 01 959 2992 1259 

P.W.CJU9 ■'Manegrment Srr 
iictoi Ltd require prwwrilto in 
central louih and wm London 
areal lor wotting jpodcanr, oi • 
221 8838. 

SW1 Owned very pretty 1 2 
Bedroom rial clue io ail ameni- 
ties. Recep with lire Blare, kd. 
Dining MaH. 2 Bathk. £175pw 
Coble, 820 SS51 





• HOUSES & T LATS ‘ , - 

■ v> ' . ' • ... * 


l* XWv*g*f*n«nt 

• ' S5m67 M' 

CHELSEA (MIL CuelJenl lrt 
(loor (Ui mMlooUM naroen-. 
rinee to Sloane Sa. 2 b*dw 2 
bain >1 en luilei. ff kil iorge 
retep L37S pw Phvne rorilart 
Suzanne Conway al SauruJeU 
Of Kensington On 681 3623 


ii aiiaote (or long or ii»n lei in 
Kentewpon 3 Bed«. ? Baitn. 
rullv tilled knen in immaculaie 
condition lor long let 

InOOow teiort lrt Con lari Ma 
ru on 91 936 3786 lor Hewing. 

(tefioa SW3. 1 mm teioto. 
our, iui. 2 dM bedi 1 Mng. Iqr 
rerep. nice gon. air mod cons 
L225 ow Trt. Ol 235 

a week relaxing at our private 
Deich hotel. Ihen a week mdv- 
tng on our yach! for £350. Inc 
IB. M B. free w voortv..lws & 
oilier combmationv boss. Abo 
life only ir £99. Ol 526 1006. 


Late muuile holidays from l wk 
£149 2wks £179. Flighfe from 
£99. 109231 77l266l24hr5i. 

Timaway HoUdsvs. 

ABTA ATOL 1107. 

SYD MEL £618 Penh C04S All 
mamr ramov Io AUS. hZ. 01 
884 7471 ABTA 
C46S. Ol 884 7371 ABTA. 


CRIMSC Tatar 12 berth crewed 
motor yaetu 2 wki June 
17- July Ite £366 pp Inc life. 
Whole boat available other 
weefc i (rom CIOOO. Free 
W sports, h b. 01 326 1006. 
Aim 2091. 

DULWfCH Lcnely 4 bed Edwardi- 
an iamily bouve with gCn Close 
village and trimol Long lrt 
£18600 pw Trt Ol 737 3362. 

lire Clau huuwv £200 - £1000 
P w. Usual lees rnj Phillips 
Kay & urwri. Souui or me Park 
Cnelvea Ollier. Ol 362 81 1 1 Of 
North ot (hr Park Regent's 
Parte oldre. Ol-Shb 9882 
BRAND HEW A newly rrtur 
tnshed flab aiailaoie tn Cettiral 
London A Regents Park lor rent 
l rom £1 73pw . £*50p«v Simi- 
lar properties reouired ior Mini 
. nanonal Companies. Lsuai lees 
required. Barged 01-724 5160 
REGENCY mvfentriie. fully fur- 
nished. South lacing terrace 
cn-er looking garden. adiareM 
HatnpUead Heath 2 bed, 2 
baths, all modem equipment 
and carport. £180 p.w. Trt: 01 
540 9627 

lectlpn of luxunously furnished 
studio A l Bed Date in a new 
Nock moments irom Hyde 
Parte £lMXU>Sow. Lora lets. 
Viewing highly rec. Avcot Prop- 
erties. 486 6741. 

HOLLAND PARR Newly conven- 
ed 5 bed me Bonnie 
oierlooUng Garden Square 
Fabulous Root Terrace. Long 
CO Lei U50pw. Buchanans 
551 7787. 

NEGOTIATOR - A top calibre ex 
penenred Lettings Negotiator. 

Manage r reouired for Kensing- 
ton I urn. Own car essenrial 
Salary pltfe nmunWon. CHI 
Mr Qurafetil 244 7563. 

WX.L Charming del in Georqian 
house o tookina gardens Sunny 
dbfebedTm. living rm. balh'rin. 
luxury klichen. CH Rets Es- 
senllal. Phone Ol 651 5928 or 
837 6949. 

currently seeking good Quality 
rental accommodation in 
central London (or waifmg 
company tenants 01 -957 9681 
CLAPHAM Substantial 4 Bed 
family house Suit 6 sharers 
wnh long Co lei al £45pw each 
LC 226 pwi Buchanans .sal 





Anglo Eriek tody otte> teauMui 
pnvaB vltc/iHihos. many wan 
nootejtr JTS9 nO togtt 
Pfeara mg taroir small n»HMy 






VWtft Audio comcywonq 
expcncnce to woifi won and asasi 
Seam fensmgton Sotalms. 
Satary owmeiisiiiais e«h 
expemner Eaedleni career 

Tel 581 4481. 


END! Indulge yourself... you 
deserve it A weekend in Ven- 
ice. Florence or Rome Lai well, 
drtnx well, snoo well and lorgrt 
about England's Cecrrselng 
weather- Dr combine a City 
Weekend wjio a week by the 
sea Free brochure Irom Matfc 
or lloly Dept TT. 47 Shepherds 
Bush Green. W12 BPS Tel . 01 
749 7449 124 hr* Semen 
CENTRAL VEMCC. Apts to renl- 
Pnces Irom £180 per week. 
Chain rr Travel DI-B86 9451. 



Holidays ei dMinction lor the 
very lew TH Ol A91 COOC. 75 
Sl James's Street. SWI 
ALGARVE, vuirtara deluxe vtUav 
A apfe All amenities Inc ml 2 
onofe. pnv beach Avail June- 
Oct. 01 409 2838 Vina World. 
ALGARVE. Lux villas w|Ui pools. 
Avail Aug Ort 01 409 2S56 


AARaOLLA. Luv villto with 
row. Av ail June io OKI. oi 409 
2058. \ ilbVvorld 



4 weeks Rnme V enure norenfe. 
Trt Art Hhoon Abroad 01-244 


FftAWLE. Luxury MW &fee|K 
2 12 July II 18 & August 15 
onward- 0420 6271 1 


LAKELAND SeH Calentvg Col- 
lages. Farmiraihes elt Cray 
Abney Breen. 109*61 STT3. 




A vacancy has arisen for 
a irainee Broker. The 
successful applicant will 
be aged 23+ and of a 
smart appearance. No 
previous experience is 
necessaiy as full training 
is given. 

For n conjidrotioi 
iottrrierr ring 
Lindsey Hopkins on 

01-2 S3 6865 


4 UU1B and drtliery wots, in our 
bir-i dstrlbulKui renir, Dn> - 

wo licence vxrtmisJ Cnniart 
Niga Dans Al Piod-ATerre on 
491 5867 

Landlords & Tenants 
come to us for 

and similar areas. 

nnw mw. 
01-734 7432 

CHELSEA SW3 2 term turn 
tunetnetil ftel for prei person 
£96 pw. Ol 255 4 86* 


Brthem tube 8 nuitv i« 
sol dhle All AmrMlito £45 pw 
* bile. Trt Day 828 4219 Eves 
675 7623 

AVAILABLE HOW Luxury I 1 . 1 M A 
houws. Cheitn. KnighlsOniKr. 
Brtgravi*. £2004^.000pw. 
Tel: BurpdH 581 5136. 

BARNES. Charming p bed 
imp Recep. Sit din. rtn £220 
pw (urn. £J75 pw unlum. 
Hhllnwiii Porter 01 994 9*46. 

HEM ft G BUTCHOFF lor imurv 
properties in s> Johns Wood. Re 
enls Park Mania Vale. Swiss 
041 A Hampstead 01-586 7bOl 

BLACH HEATH «3 3 bed house, 
si i rm. din rm. kllch. hainnri. 
wp wit. gas CH. palio gun. gge 
£650 pcm. 01 318 6630 141. 

CHISWICK, nr nirr. lux 2 lur- 
nisned liar, use of tog garden. 
£l50ow. Trt. 01-747 1509 at 
ter 3pm 

Bed nai. Off SI parking. SuU 5 
sharers with Co Lrt £115pw. 
Buchanans 5S1 7767. 

DOCKLANDS. Houses and Bats 
throughout the dorfctands area 
to lrt. Dcchlaiufe property Cen- 
tre. 01488 4862 

EAUNG fully furnished. 3.4 bed 
douse, fitted kitchen. Gas CH. 
Carden. Garage. Co Cmfemsy 
leL teoOnxuilhly. Ol 9026575 

selertlnn of 1. 2 A 3 bed llals in 
rrturbnned Mock S nuilhs +. 
Full details W TJ». 935 9512. 

RNIOHTS8RH1CE Pretty Studio 
dal with pollened bedroom. 
LAB. CSOOpw. Allen Bales 6 
Gb 099 1665. 

NORTHERN UNE Bal. 2 Bedrms. 
I«J4. Phone. £1 18 pw Others 
rail ihe towns 627 2610 
Norm-locators 9am-9pm 

wife pare, w marti. phone, r 73 
P» Others loo* 627 2610 9am- 
9pm Horn e local ort. 

OUTSKIRTS Cosy ctouge. redd, 
pailung. ; Phrme. redec. LUO 
pw. Others loo. Details 627 
2610 Hornet Dealers 7 days 

iCCRCTARKS for-Archllertv 6 
Designers permanent 6 tempo- 
rary posflions AMNA speciallsl 
Rec Cora. 01 734 0532 


RET AWES. Temp* £550 P*l. 
permanents UP to £10,500. 29 
Maddox Si . London mi. Ol- 
495 0046 



97 Regent SlraH.London WI 
T»l 439 6534 OK Overseas. 
Abo m.hrtM dome temp p-tfh 


VERSATILE! responsible, mature 
couple seek situation l norther 
Canng counlrv Imees. no dr- 
pendanfe Husband on en l arm 
manager, in-oepih business and 
Bilnm.tslraUse experience Wile 
ier> rxpenenc»tl in all ainnial 
care and horses Both active 
and vital Abie to turn hand to 
am thing Experienced ilnusi 
me I HG.V not me 
unusual TCI 0536 790106 



large Ceiatned hoUM m (Unuctj- 
bu (MK 1 ". Comimses 3 Ksls. 
Urqe Stwtwn Wwd tat awn. enor- 
mous Wgc. oeartnul bnascaiiM 
proat. gvage ®»* «ay to «oik- 
' jm « t« 3 oarfceo Mrs. CKkc la *1 
emenwes. Hmtwprt 5 mns. Lon- 
eon b rams 



Dl 571 «T5 Dev 
01-577 O01« £« 


GOLF CT1 jBOOcc. 49.000 mK Y 
reg. low p ml ties, alias s. sun 
root laiJSO anO Trt 01 950 
8228 w 672 8331 h 


CTH5M. SW3 refit'll tot 

J tew Beat Sgta Bea-Snmr Sew/ 
Urn Ot- Rir. ft hi ftcii 4 
Cta Corarn Sens C'i Lei HSOok 
SiASSUVE TO*n. SW5 Bw w- 
n£ i Dw. i Sore tee Ren: Dn- 
fi-n Ff Xti 2 Bams BaK 
ioact. 5mnanng ft 00 - Co Lei. 


01-5*1 2387 


have quality properties in all 
area* Io lei 657 0821 

SWI HOUSE. 4 been. 2 roccpv Ml 
and 2 mini UOO pw Co lrt. 
Pad* Galore. 01 829 5051. 

RICHMOND ’KEW 4 hedv. mod. 
lurn. town hve Nr lube. New 
nans. £295 pw 131 . 947 . 1 S 66 . 

SOUTHWEST Snaoou* vludto. 
recpl phone, parking. £65 pw 
M any omerv mo 6 27 2610 
HnmettrtalDrv 9am 9pm 7 dayfr. 
937 9SB1 The number 10 remem- 
ber wnen veeing bevi rental 
mrwnia in renlral and prime 
London areas ClSO/£2.O00pw. 
A Co have a selection of Hals 
a 1 . n labor lor nonday lets Irom 
Xl-SOpw. 499 1665. 

Wl 2 evrrtleni newiy decorated 
and lurmshcd ttaii } beds. 
£500 pw 2 bed. £225 pw Co 
lei. 6 rnonlhv Mus 552 5841 to 
ARE YOU LOOKING (or the best 
Hal*, duple* house in London7 
£190 CIOOOpw SS9 5*81 "TV 
CAMDEN tAK tevie flat. 2 bed. 
parking £150 pw. Other* 627 
2610 Hume local on 7 days. 
CHELSEA Ugnt lux balcony flat. 
Oouov- bedroom, recep- Ibfe. 
porter* Long lei 622-5325 
CHELSEA Attractive IUL Lge 
rccep. OWe bedim. K&0 pgim. 
CH. C19& pw reel. 01-582 1622 
DISTRICT UNE studio, tons paid, 
phone. £78 pw 62 7 3610 
Homrtocaiore 7 days. 
EASTSSM snuw NO wui. ch. 
£70 pw. others 100 . 627 2610 
Homelocaiors 7 days 
KEWSMCTON W1S. Clean vludto 
flat. Central healing- £80 pw 
ind. Contort: 221 3219. 
KENSINGTON Gdn flat 2 beds 
parking HIO pw. Olhers 627 
2610 Hometocators 7 dais 
KEN WS. rum me gdn. 3 4 bed. 
2 receP 1 bath. I Co 
lei £360 pw. Tel Ol 957 6126. 
MAIM VALE. 2 beds, recep. k A 
b Ch. Go lei. Suit 5 . £155 gw. 
W.T.P. 955 9512. 

SEE TMKI Spacious flat. 1 
bedrtn. £85 pw. Olhere Mw 627 
2610 HoRMtoralors 7 days. 
MIM COTTAGE, supera spa- 
csdm'IIM. idblebed. I WeUv.tC 
6 B CH £108 pw. 821 0417 
Contact RKbard or MKk.Oavfe 
Wootar A Co 402 7301 
WEST LONDON gdP fleL 3 bed 
phone £100 pw. Ornery (£27 
2610 Homrt ocalnw 7 days. 
WHTTMAN PORTER ivgmily re- 
mure quality properly to lrt m 
W1SW London. 01 99* 9446. 


quired for conveyancing 
partner in small mitral London 
practice. WP experience advan- 
tageous. Salary up to £9.000 
pa. depending on age and expe- 
rience Contort Mr Brail on Ol- 
387 A 244. 

PART TIME or Full lime (art r*p 
ivl lor WP work Legal e«p pref. 
WP training given UN HI. 
Small (nanny n s office EC4. 
Call Theo on 355 7107 

sec for Enolnrenng prof, in 
w eu London £* Cau 
N414H4 TED Agy 01 -736 9857 

DEUTSCMOlv Sols, seek sec wtfti 
legal expenence (Marine Lew 
would be Ideal*. Your German 
wUJ be used lor audio, copy 
lining, telex and uanstoUoife 
£9-9.300 Boyce Bdii»gual 236 
3601 Eras Agy 

required (or senior partner 
small feed End (irm Salary 
£9.500 & upwards- depending 
no experience TeL 01-631 
ASA5 rrt JW 



PENETRATING s.E Asia ran be 
loncgn lo ihe uniamilar. Con- 
luiiani now in London my 
improve ynur (aipaiM pros- 
pecu Cau un: 01-882 0846 



NO. 002953 Ol 1986 

Ihe Order of ihe High Court of 
Jutttce Chancery Divmon dated 
I9in Mav 1986 confirming Uw 
reduction of IW share premium 
arrouni 01 me ahov c named Com- 
pany 5V £6 044.501 wav 
reordered lay Hv» Regfeirar of 
Companies on 291h May 1 986. 
Tranks Chart evil - & Co 
Hutton House 
161 166 Flert 5irert 
soiiciion ior ihe above named 


By Order of Ihe HIGH COURT 
dated ihe 23rd day of April 1986 
ol Cork Cull}'. Shelley Hour*. 5 
Noble Hi reel. London EC2Y 7 DO 
haie been appnntea Jouii Uaut- 
dalorv ol Hit above-named 
Company wnnoul a Commiuee of 

Dated ihnlSm day of June 1986. 



-Hr l' 



# * * * 




Hold On Please fancied 
to fulfil promise 
of Salisbury debut 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Twelve months ago lan 
Balding sent Aliata north from 
Kingsderc to Pontefract to 
landibe odds in the EBF 
Thorne Maiden Fillies' 

Now, following that promis- 
ing initial rvn at Salisbury 
three weeks ago. Hold On 
Please is napped to follow in 
her footsteps. And the coinci- 
dence already goes a siage 
further because Aliata had 
also begun her racing career 
on an encouraging note when 
she finished a dose fourth in 
the same Salisbury’ race to a 
filly who went on to run really 
well in the Queen Mary Stakes 
at Royal Ascot 

In the case of Hold On 
Please, not just one but two of 
the fillies who finished just in 
front of her first time out - 
Propensity and D’Azy — then 
underlined the strength of the 
form of that Salisbury race by 
finishing second and third 
respectively to Forest Flower 
in the Queen Mary at Ascot 
last Wednesday. And that 1 
suggest is very good form 
indeed. So, Hold Qp Please 
certainly ought to be capable 
of beating Carse Kelly and 
Spanish Slipper, the other two 
fillies in today's field with 
some hard and fast form. 

Aid and Abet and Tina's 
Melody, the two newcomers 
from Newmarket, are both 
bred to go fast: the former is 
by Pas De SeuI out of a mare 
ay So Blessed: the latter a half- 
sister to the 1980 Middle Park 

Stakes winner, Mattaboy, by 
Tina's Pet However, what 
they lack this afternoon is 
Hold On PJease’s racecourse 
experience and 1 am banking 
on that standing her in good 

My other principal fancies 
on the south Yorkshire course 
are Easy Day (3.45) and Kathy 
W (5.451. A winner at 

Course specialists 


TRAMBR& L GurnanL 8 artnnars from 20 
runners. 400%; G Harwood. 29 from 112. 
25.94a: B Hits, 14 from 57, 

JOCKEYS: W R Sunburn. 12 winners 
tram 52 rides. 23.14b: TQufrai, T 8 from 79. 
22.8%: G Starkey, 33 from 165. 20.0%. 

TRAINERS: G Harwood. 9 wroere from 
20 runners, 45.0%; H Cecil. 8 from 20. 
40.0; I Bakfing. 15 from 48. «L8%. 
JOCKEYS: J Matthias. 12 winners from 33 
rides. 36 4%; S Cauthen. 18 from 54, 
29.6%: T Ives. 13 from 102. 12.7%. 

Lingfield and Red car already. 
Easy Day is taken to win the 
Plasmor Thermal bond Handi- 
cap at the expense of Lester 
Piggott's runner, Geordies De- 
light. When he won at Redcar. 
Easy Day set a Mistering 
gallop and broke the track 
record so he will take some 
catching on the prevailing fast 

Kathy W. a well-bred filly 
from Henry Cecil's powerful 
yard, won first time ont at 
Leicester and she is the reason 
for Steve Cauthen's journey 
north. She is preferred to the 
other winners. Past Glories 
and John Dorey, in the 

Mexborough Stakes. 

At Brighton, Fleeting Affair 
has a good chance of remain- 
ing unbeaten in the Operatic 
Society Challenge Cup even 
though he is opposed by Heart 
Of Slone, who beat Stale 
Budget by seven lengths at 
Lingfield. Fleeting Affair may 
just have enough in hand as 
she has won both her races at 
Brighton and Salisbury more 
easily than the official result 
might indicate. 

The Lewes Stakes should 
.developed into a needle affair 
between Chinoiserie, from 
Luca Cumani's yard, and John 
Dunlop's representative, Sul- 
tan Mohamed. I was im- 
pressed by the way that the 
latter dealt with Picea, Festi- 
val Gty and Dan ski at Epsom 
and he is preferred. 

Those who follow course 
specialists will be on Fast 
Service to a man in the Mid- 
Sussex Licensed Victuallers 
National Homes Handicap. 
Already a winner four times at 
Brighton, Con Morgan's sev- 
en-year-old ran well enough in 
his last race at Epsom to 
suggest that today's prize 
could be number five. 

Finally, Soon To Be is 
selected for the Marine Handi- 
cap following her encouraging 
run at Epsom on Derby day 
when she finished fifth in the 
race won by MaazL 

Blinkered first tune 

to take 
group two 

Hearts overrule 
heads as Scots 
plump for Wells 

*tl* s 

ju tuv : * 

Scots *' fifS* 

[/ '• ’ “-fb _ _ a 

. .. 

• '•‘•A ' •' -AA. ' 

. „• ^T5.-». A/ V '* •' 

' V - = 

n * • 

mr m y tmrn m rm 

RONTOTIACT: 445 LWon Springtene. 
BRWHTOIfc AO Datts Sntth. 430Sptan- 
cfid Magnoia 

token to get the*bette of Chimiserie in die Lewes’ Stakes 
(130) at Brighton today. (Photograph: Alan Johnson) 

Rosedale (Willie Carson), 
who found Family Rriend a 
length too good for him in the 
Prix de rEsperance last time 
out, can win the grow two 
Premio Principe Amato « 
Turin this afternoon. He has 
just six rivals to account for. the 
best of whom may be Local 
Herbert, a comfortable winner 
of the Premio Lazio on May 31. 

Carson also teams ti g wi th 
Saint Samba in the Premio 
Royal Mares. They were third 
behind the Irish-trained High 
Competence in _ the Promo 
r.icg nSinA earlier in the month 
and Should again go dose. Also 
in the line-up is Kim Brassey’s 
Smooch (Simon. Whitworth). 
The three year-old was a smart 
winner of the West Dean Sta kes 
at Goodwood a fortnight ago 
and is expected to give a good 
account of herself here. 

Yves Saint-Martin, who re- 
turned io the saddle after injury 
when finishing fourth in 
Sunday’s Swiss Derby, was back 
among the winners at Maisons- 
■ raffing yesterday. He woo both 
listed races with BalboneUa 
t aking the Prix Soya . and 
Cednco winning the Prix 
PhareL .. 

Dawn Run (Michel CJtiroI) 
and <3aye Brief (Peter 
Scudamore) will have a maxi- 
mum of seven opponents in the 
Grande Course de Haies 
cl’ Auteui! on Friday. Best of 
these is Iasi year’s winner, Le 
Rheusois, who was too good for 
Dawn Run in. the Prix la Barlca 
earlier in the month. Another 
.interesting runner is the North 
American champion. Flatterer 
(Jerry Fish back). 

Philip Waldron won the Aus- 
trian Derby at Vienna on Sun- 
day. Waldron rode Zmntaler to 
a halfJeneth success for the 

Allan WeHs, the 1980 Olym- JSSS 

pic 100 metres champion, was 

vesterxlav given a reprieve by Dundee ..rywer, . Liz Lynch. 

Scotland selectors. Although he L»«h wUl teajOfrjkWS "g* 
ha«i not competed since coniraifer provided she does 


Olympic 100 metres semi-finals, 

bis name appears m the wants to tackle the 3.000 metres. 
Common weaiih Gamesieam. j om McKean (Bellshill 

Now 34, Wells is siffl a big YMCAk Britain’s. 800 metres 
draw in Scotland. The selectors European Cup hero, can look 

seem to have let their beans rule forward io renewing bis rivalry 
their heads by choosing him for with England's Steve Cram. He 

the 1 00 metres akmg with Elliott 
Brrnney and Jamie Henderson. 
■ Wells is the Commonwealth 
champion in . both sprints. In- 
jury kept him out of the Scottish 
championships and he missed a 
chance to stake a dahn by 
missing a competition in Ma- 
drid Last Friday. 

Wells has been given until 
July 5 to prove his fitness along 
with Unsey Macdonald, -who as 
a teenager reached the Moscow 
Olympic 400 metres final. Mac- 

scored a notable victory at 
Gateshead over the Geordte last 

Neil Cochran, from' Aber- 
deen. the double Olympic 
bronze-medal winner, leads the 
31 -strong swimming team. 
Shoos Smart, aged 14, of Ches- 
ter, who. because of a dash of 
dates, had a difficult deration to 
make about representing Britain 
in the European junior 
diaapioRSlup in Berlin or Scot- 
land m the Games, opted to 

* ,r — . I i cma in me uuum hi 

dona, d, a *?Li£, tSndher swim for Scotland. Sbona, who 
struggling all reason to find to «a-v<*n Scouish junior 

bestform and secured a place 
only as the third 400 metres 
choice because the women's 
athletics team were given an 

extra two places on their original 

allocation of 23. 

smashed seven Scottish junior 
records at the recent Scottish 
championships in Edinburgh, 
celebrates to birthday on July 

Two members of the team 

Christine Prince; aged 33, is who missed the championships 
selected for the 10,000 metres through illness are Phut Easter 

and is the only choice surviving (Swansea), who has been iron- 
from the 1970 Games team. The bled with a virus, and Stephanie 

-L • f mac ArDeidnu DrtKin Rmm 

Scottish champion, Prince was Watson, of Paisley. Robin Brew 
one of the runners forced to (Maxwell);, the British team 

drop out of the controversial captain, is joined in the team by 
United Kingdom championship his younger brother Paul. , 


German trainer, Klaus Heinice. 
John Reid was a close third on 


25 0- TESTAROSSA (T Kanward) J 0 Davies 8-1 1 RMcGhfetr 

26 3440-00 THAI SKY (Mrs R Tangl PH Mtehsl 8-11 J Raid i 

134 Comedy Prince. 3-1 Ttafewney, 4-1 Mbs Kufeqnta. 3-1 The Ufa, 8-1 St 

Speedy. 10-1 7IW Sky. 16-1 afrits. 

od to firm 

31 low numbers best 


ATHLETICS: Men: lOOnc E Bunney, J 

Hendereon, A Wefts (efl Edinburgh South- 
20 Dok C Sharp (Sncmteston 
McCaBufn (Edinburgh AC£ 

Johnston (Aberdeen Urtv 
McKean (BtriMMYMCA), „ . 

1,500m: A Currie (Dunbarton AAC5, J 
Robson (ESH) 5,OOOm: N Muir 
(Stetttaston) KUnOBe A Hutton (ESHJ. 
MaraM io n: JGraftam (Birchtad) F CNne 
i AAQ. L Robertson (EACJ. 
■mpkrrliaeer R Charieston 
(EAC) C Hume 

son. F Freckteton (Oxford Unher- 
Worour»8^d we lfl h l:3fag M Atate 

C-A Wood (FomanA) 
Barton. E McNM. C I 

Brown. P MdMor 

W MacfW, J Knowfes, I 
Marsden. M Oruan, A Dunbar. J Duntapb A 

Clarke. H Low. I Lang, s RanMne. R 
MacOontfd. H Hunter. JTbnen. A ABen, R 

Draw: 51-61 low numbers best 

2j 0 EBF EASTBOURNE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-Cfc C & G: £1257: 6f) (8 


Going: firm 

Draw-.5f-6f, low ramfoers best 

(Apprentices: 3-Y-O: £960: 6f) (18 runners) 

■McCutEbeon (LiverpoaQ. High 
L lG Parsons (London - ACL Pa te '«s»B r 
Iwridecathion: B McSOhvk* (S hfll 
Long Jwn: K McKay pw«w|,TliP 
junp: C Duncan (ESHJ. Shot E kw» 
(FAC). Diacva: G Patience (kwemws). 
l ianxa ar . C Btadk (ESHJ. JavaBn: J . 
Guthrie (ESH). Woman: lOOnc S Mfrttakar I 
(McLare n Glas gow AC), J Naitson (Ed»n- | 

11-10 Yastr, 7-2 Morning Flower. 5-1 Welsh Arrow. 8-1 Golden Capai, 12-1 
Oriental Jade, 14-1 Last Dance, 16-1 others. 



Brighton selections 

By Mandarin 

20 Last Dance. 230 Sultan Mohamed. 3.0 Fleeting Affair. 3.30 
Comedy Prince. 4.0 Fast Service. 4.30 On Impulse. 5.0 Soon To Be. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
20 Morning Flower. 230 Chinoiserie. 3.0 Voracity. 4.0 Out Of 
Hand. 5.0 Silent Gain. 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.0 Fast Service. 

HANDICAP (£2,070: 7f) (12) 

3 000-000 FAST SERVICE (C-Ol fMrs J Jackson) C Horgen 7-9-8 PCoc*4 

5 00-0000 LVIflC WAY (E KbssM 8 Mb 492 HMs3 

6 0000-00 POMMES CHATEAU (B) p) (Dame Hhabalh Aduoyd) H _ 

8 444030 EXERT {CJ (8 Hner) RAkotan! 4-8-10 H Rouse 5 

9 000004 OUT OF HAND Joj (Mrs A DbM 4 D Dale 7-B-8 M Banner 11 

11 141040 DMENSIONjM hqrsml Mrs NSfflfth4-M JCMar(7)8 

14 430402 HOPffUL KATC (B)(N Cawthomo) D Lasta 4-8-4 NAdanslO 

15 20-0000 CATS LULLABY (E0 (Mrs W Dawes) S Dow 4*3 W Ryan 2 

18 00000-1 SAHARA SHADD0 ffi) (M Tehbifl D Tucker 4-7-13 TQntantt 

17 OOOUOO DALLAS SWTH (B) gisA)(C-D) (P Sm4h) N Chapman 5-7-11 _ TWKaml 

20 00-02304 SANTBJJt PAL (tin H Macferiane) L Cottni 5-7-8 HLIboansB 

21 2006-00 STTEX (D)(Mre S Bphiek) M Botton 8-7-7 R Sift 9 

9-4 Hopeful Kabo. 100-30 Dimension, 5-1 Lyric Way. 13-2 Fast Santos, 8-1 Exert, 
Out Of Hand. 10-1 Sahara Shadow. 18-1 orare. 
















3-1 S 
Bold Sea 

» r f I » 1 *.*. ■ ' . I R i i i T iT . I f 1 ( • 1 A [ 


G Wftm fCamegW. C 
t 0 Cnxcfcshark (Aoer- 
deenk A Smth (Waromdor). C McfM 
C Netaon- (Cameoie), N 
(AbsnlMnJ. W McGOkJrick. 
j. W Uii e u. B Rose (City of 

J (CumhemauU). R GdHtan 

(City of DmW L Oonraftv (HamShaiJ. S 
Snarl (CKy^Swsleil. E diffiftan (Qhr ol 
DunOSeJ. S Watson (PJwiwJ. L Montford 

"W S McOoneW 

(Ksoy CoMege). Re- 
sorve;' S Cowie (Petertn»4- Syn- 
ch rupi x ad awimM in g. K McIntosh (Bgn 

HGfflft an 

SI ifEnroc cm 

Synchro), M Pu i uoa e (Bedford COBege)- 
Draing: M «r. S Forrest (EdnOtagh Dtwng 
CM3). P M (Ayr) Woman: J Ogden 

Y Murnw 

(EWM). 1 

(McLaren Glasgoi 
AQ, L MacDdugk- (inwhw, 
3 . 000 m: Murray, E Lynch 
Dundee). M Robertson (EW 
Lynch, C Price (Duidee 
EroreC (EWML Ma ra eion: LI 

nkM). A 

( Ajn^W oman: J tqden 

ham, J McNmen. N CunmrMam. J 
Strchan, C Ravoita, C Munay, JAteNhen 

Wktsiusm: w Robertson, A Patrtch. G 

(Ayr Seaforth)- 400m hunlea: M p wtlfly.PBeatt®,Biaer. 

.C McKay. 

7-2 Breakfast In Bed, 62 Anzere. 11-2 Reas, 152 Fauw. 14-1 
Xniont Mo. Raffles Virginia, 20-1 others. 

FORM: FAST SBIVICE (82) 8di to Fel Loong»2) at Bssom. laat year i 
and (tatance wumer from Rear Action (7-13). OUT OF IMNO (7-7) 10th t 

and (tawice winner from Rear Action (7-13). OUT OF HAND (7-7) 1 
firm. Aug 29.^ 15 ran). Last time OUT OF HAND (82) *1 4th to Keats 
(6I.E2394, Ann. June 18. 15ran)-SITEX(7-7) W away 6th. LYRIC W 
to Deputy Head (64) at Bath (5^1. £3215. good to fton. Jim 14). E: 
imperial Jade (9-10) at Epsom on penulbmaw start (6L E7S74, got 

8fW course 
3371. good to 
at Nottsighain 
1-8) 5) 6th of 10 

J Bamaoon 
L Camptwi I 

230 LEWES STAKES (£1.872 1m 21) (8) 

2 630 NARCISSUS (FRI(VGoodail)R Akehmt 422 G Baxter 1 

• 3 IF APRIL ARABESQUE (M Harris) L CatMfl 42-5 I Johnson 6 

4 SWEET RASCAL (M Chttsrluck} J Bradey 722 JWaSnsS 

5 00000-0 TAfTYSPRH3£JK(T Wartto)! Wanta 4-9-5 ^ DWMema(S)3 

8 V TOMS TREASURE (TNicftOfiS)RAkehi«t 428 — 8 

7 622221 CMNDISEnE(USAHD)(IAfev4LCumm3-63 H Quest 2 

8 0242-1 SULTAN M0HAMB) (Dana Stud Ltd) J Ouniqp 322 W R SwWHsn 7 

13 0060 OUT YONDER (W Wyflman) W Wrghnnan 3-82 N Adams 4 

64 Sultan Mohamea 7-4 CUno tee rie. 61 Narcissus. 8-1 Sweet Rascal, 12-1 Out 
Yonder. 14-1 others. 

DIMENSIOft behind at Newfatxy last Bme. earSw/B-6) boat Ryhom 
Sandownga, £2446. good. May 15. 23 ran|.NOPma. KATIE (6031 
ter Words (8-1) wdhlMUMStlVTH (7-1 (Hand CATS LULLABY (62) 
(Nod to firm. Juno 11. 19 ran). SAHARA SHADOW (82) II Sabsbury S 
On Impulse (61 l)(7f, £963. good, June 3, 20 ran) 


,■(7-7)2 3rd to 
f. June 6, 12 ran), 
a (612) 1 1/2L at 
leBng Honnar from 

MO MONTPBJER SELLING STAKES (Div Ik 3-Y-O: £820: 1m) (10) 

3 00-0004 HADOGN UU) (J Watsai^ M McCourt S2 HWmntaml 

5 000600 0oeiWY(C Vem)LHoB60 

7 040004- RUN FDR YOUR WtlMreN Lewis) G Lems 60 

9 000060 SPlHfflOMAGN0UA(B)(Mre ADow)SDow60 P Stans (7)2 

12 000006 TINAS LAD (ComtiTunidaa Ud) M C3wpman60 JJggZ 

14 YASHABI (W AmoC) fl Hoidar 9-0 AWda(7)S 

15 060004 BLUE STffl-ffl) (Lord Wmbertsy) R SBnpSOn 611 K Radcfitfa (7) 1 

19 466400 L'ETOILE DU RALAIS (B BtondeB B Stevens 611 - — * 

22 000060 WSSCOMBJY (Miss JVWorwaOR Hannon 611 -AMcGtaneS 

24 006032 ON BVULSE (P Ftsher) K Braney 611 SDawmmffl4 

64 Run For YourWlfe,4-l Blue SteeL 61 Haddon Lad, 1620n Imjwta. 61 Miss 
Comedy. 161 Many. 161 others. 

FORM: RUN FOR YOUR WIFE <61115%! 41h to Tom Isaac (61 1) at Newmarket (1m, 
£2916 good to firm. Oct 18. 15 ran). BLUE STEEL»2)BI 4th of 20 to Maiden Bidder (6 
2) si Leicenar heap (71. EB39. fcm. June 9- ON HniLSE (611) ran on wee when H2nd 
to Sahara Shadow (66) in Saisbwy h’cap (7L £963. good, June 3, 20 ran), wkh HAD- 
DON LAD 4th beaten 2K I and MSS COMEDY (65) and L'ETOILE Dll PALAIS (7- 
13) out of first B. Last season MISS COnSY (65) 3 8th to London Contact (68) at 

(Mrs N Lewis) G Lewis 9-0 _ 
, (8) (Mrs A Dow) S Dow 9-0. 

FORM: CHMOISERIE (92) beet AlZienwrud (8-3) 1 XI In Yarmouthhcap (1m 2f£2448. 
qooo to firm . June 1 1 . 6 ran). SULTAN MOHAIIH) (949 scored 21 Epsom mdn win owr 
Picea (92) Dm 2f. £2713, goad. June 5. 9 ran). 


. R WemtanlO 
_ P Waldron 3 
. J Adam (7)6 
— A Dicks (7)9 
K ReddUfe (7) 1 

Z A'HcGJone 5 
■ S Da wso n 4 

3.0 ‘OPERATIC SOCffiTY 1 CHALLENGE CUP (Handicap: £3,72& 

1 30)004-2 VORACITY W (Mrs JWImanj Winter 7610._ WRSwM* 

2 441-442 FOUL DANCE (P) (Mrs J McDougald) I Bnkfing 422 PFrancn 

3 000220 HOUSE HUff1w(C-in (Mrs M Camptwi) C Horgan 5-9-4 JUn 

2 441-442 

3 006020 

4 11 

5 006001 

7 640020 

8 060012 
10 001002 
11 360042 


Pontefract selections 

By Mandarin 

2.45 Supercoombe. 3.15 Cadenene. 3.45 Easy Day. 4.15 Feter 
Mooil 4.45 Sender- 5.15 HOLD ON PLEASE (nap)r 5.45 Kathy 

w. ' - . . , 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.45 Anzere. 3.15 Fallonetia. 3.45 Geordie's DetighL 4.15 Feter 
Moon. 4.45 Sender. 5.15 Aid And Abet. 5.45 Kathy W. 

By Michael Seely 

3.45 Easy Day. 4.15 TEAM EFFORT (nap). - 

ShetOestoo), Mgft 
flnremassi • Long 
Sin. Meone M 

«Gk D Royte (SateL S 
Heptathloa: V Waten (Tonbridge AC). ' 
BAOMNTON: Mere W GiWand (Essex), K 
Mkklenees (EdMxegh). I Printa (Gta- 
nowl A Wme flO man iociQ. O Trarers 
(GtesgowL Wonew: A FUton (Gtosgow). C 
Heady (^htoOrati). A Nairn (Perth), E 
ABen (Edinburgh). J Alton (ErfinfauroM.' 

England team 

ATHLETICS; 100m: L Christie (Thames 
VaBsy), M McFArlane (Hantweyl, A N 
Otoer. 200ue J Ragis (BelgrawL T 
Bennett (Souttianipton}, Chnshe. 400m: R 
Black (Somharapton). A N Other fx 2). 
800m: S Cram (Jarrow); P Stott (Roth- 
erham). . A N- CRher. 1500m: Cram, J 
Gbdnttr (Be^raw). A N Other. SJMOnc T 
Hutchings" (Crawley), J Buckner 
fCharrjwood), A N Other. lOJIOQm: J Soly 
intaL. G Bents (Bmgiey), M McLeod 

3.15 GROVE SELLING HANDICAP (£1,044: 1m ) (22) 

Adraln, G Knox. Fon J Brarte. W - (Chanwoorfl. AN Other. 1 
Harkness, G Robertson. M Graham. iBfrdevi S Boms (Bmoir 
Women: S tota e : S McCrone. Pairs; fi. Jss*ncnt *nm^- me! 
Boyle, N Mrihpitad-.Btae: F Whyte, J Woddertwro (T^n). N Pt 
Menzta .AEeans.SGourtay. . Other. 110m hwdlaa: J F 


Feme. C Kane. J McAmster, J Pendet'. Robertsm (WoUerttamoti 
CYOJNaMJ^AAtoM_Ums^ (VVolverlrimmiSrGSS! 

aaoQni etoepl cch w: E 
i (Tipton). N Peach (Seta). A N 

Hunter. 161 

Harwood 3613 G Starkey 4 

R Akahurst 462 G Baxter 2 

60 T Ouew 4 

l W WOodS 1 

D Arbatfrnat 67-7 N Adams 3 

Wilson 67-7 TWWtas7 

Affair, 10020 Heart Of Stone. 61 Folk Dance, 7-1 Voracity. 61 House 

8tax»9 Chepstow (71. £848. good. Sept H, 14 ran). 
Stetkeya Setafflon: ON HPUlS 

5.0 MARINE HANDICAP (£2,176: 61} (14) 

E Alexander S Btydon, K Cbtfto A Wison. 
R Mefrow. B Strrth, 0 Hmnah. 

ROWING: Men’s h a ny w uMn. Slagle 
•rafts: P KtoOTi a tar (Barc&ys Bank) 
Double scidis: I WSson end R Laces 

Other. 110m hanflee: J Ridgmn (Harei- 
gey). D Nelsoo (Wotoarhamptorft w 
Greaves (Haringey). 400m h ur d tos. M 
Robe rt son (Woiverharraton). M Hoftom 
(Wohrerhempian), G Oakes (Hamgey). 
Long JieniE O Brown (Longwood), J^ (Bng , 
(Medway). F Sale (Shaftesbury). Triple if 
Mp: M MaMn (Leeds), A Moore 

‘rr L-: * 

E Foareon and D Riches (Mataey). 
Coxed loam: D tvatt (StMng), J Bowie 
(CMeedNe). A MoConnel (StiSrigL C hratt 
(SbringL J Keffy (dydeschde), cox. 
Cmdeea foam: M Holmes (Cases Sem- 
ple), D MacFartaoe (StMng). W Brown 
(Swing). Q McKaOar (SWSng). Bghts: 
Hotoies, MecfWiana, Brwn, McKedar. C . 
tvatt. Bowie. McCormeL D hratt. Italy, 
cox. Men's figfro*aigM: SMe scuts: J 
Sloan (CasJle^empfi). Co^m toon: T 

frSsfr Jump: F Ahmed 
rt), O Grant (Haringey). A N 
* D Otttey (TeifcxrSjC D Brand 

: DOtlley (Telford), D Brand 
A N Other. Pole ndt B 
■ML A N Other (x 2). Discus: 

Hooper (WokinqL A N Other (x 2). Oiecuc 
R Sleney (Crawley). G Savory 
(BtecMreatfiL P MarcHe (WdtvBrhampton). 
Shot W Cole (Thurrock). Savory. AN 

Baxtor (CMeadalB). D Warwick (Lodi 
Lomond), A McNaughton (Loch 
Lcxnond)J) Natan (OydewiateL Women: 

pOBMe aodc M Towle (Clydesdale). F 
Nowak (St Andrews). Coden pahs M 

Shot W Cote (Thurrock). Savory. AN 
Other. 30km waftc I McGom&e (Cam- 
bndge). M Rush (CunbsriarHft, C 
Maortocks (Dawlish). Marattwn: C 
Spudding (Gateshead) K Forster (Gates- 
head). P O Bnen (Old GaymraansL 4 a 
100m relay: Chnste. Mcrartana. Regta, 
Thompson, a N Other (x 2) 4 a 400m 
retorOacfc, K Akabusl (^nwl. T Bennett. 
A N OtheRx Decatbfoo: Thompson. E 
Mm (Essex Beagles), GRtahaizta (North 

61 Cadenetts. 62 Harslery Surorisa, 132 Barrtel BanzaL 7-1 Obi Boles, 61 Qtt A 
Caper. 161 Soho Sue. Martela, 161 Danedancer, FaBonetta, 164 others. 

3.45 PLASMOR THERMABOND HANDICAP (£2,628: 1m) (11) 

3 0/01620 

4 62104 

5 604101 

8 241440 
a 300-MO 

9 Q/00006 
10 303310 

12 MDQM 

13 000 

16 022009 

17 226030 

13 200120 
15 418203 
10 0412 

ft 466 I Johnson 3 

W S Dawson (3)5 

IB oem iwt wuiaujuHjn oaeowu — « jtf » m* 672 PHwMy2 

21 D26000 SrieWAMAR{B)(C) (Sad A Co Ud) D Jermy 11-7-7 GDiddaS 

61 Fremont Boy, 61 Bale Tower. Downsviaw. 61 OeBaware River. 61 Lucky 
StarkfatStTerramar, 161 Silent Gam, 12-1 Spartdord Lad. 14-1 others. 

130 MONTPBJER SELLING STAKES (Div L 3-Y-O: £823: 1m) (11) 

8 000 

10 OOOttPO 

11 002202 
13 000200 


2-1 Easy Day. 112 Geonfie's Defight 112 Planet Ash. 7-1 Rabirius. tntrtnata, 61 
id Action, 161 Boy Sandtard, 14-f oitiara. 

Rapid Action, 161 Boy Sandtard, 14-1 other*. 

4.15 YOUNGSTERS STAKES (2-Y-O: E2J260: 6f) (8) 

Brighton results 

diBpgoodlo firm 

2J0 (1m) 1, ROYAL HALO (S KB, Evens 

Week. 15 ran. NR: Paddtagton Bde. 2KL 
Tl. sh.hd. 21. hd. J Winter at Newmarket 
Tote: £71 0: £1-90. £1.90. £2-00. DF: 
£5.50. CSF: £2072. Tricast £73.18. 

lav); 2. Ash Creek (P McEn tee. 25-1) 3. 
Harbour Bazaar (J Carter. 161) ALSO 
RAN; 62 Miss Monroe. 6 Bold Goreieo 
* * Bob. 14 AssaiL 

5J> (im 41) 1, MBNAH (R Guest 161); 

2 No Dotttet (P Cook, 61k 3. Strike 
Home (W R Swinbum, 62 Wv). ALSO 

Home (W R Svrinbum, 62 
RAN: 112 JBo Patouse 
Transcederce. 7 Kriswtok 

Tarty's Pnde (5tti) 15 ran. 
fle Sacettte. 41. 5M, hd. 3L 

Mfriastoiyeh. 12 Enzeiiya . . 
DerutB. On The Agenda. 10 ran. NR: 
Double Tango. 1KL sh.hd. 101. 2L 1L L 
Cunani at NawmarkeL To«k £1670: 
£1.90. £2.90. El 60. DF £48.60. CSF: 

Ptacapat C182.1& 

tavt ALSO RAN: 62 Lyphtaw (500. 10 
factotum (6th). 14 Carr Wood. 16 
MHkacer. 20 Cool Music. POdarosu (4th) 
33 Ahaital, Norham Castle. PaJte Secret. 
S«My{88R Unes) 13 rm Caer DethyL 
Iftl. shM. W. 4L 4L I Baking at 
Tote: £5.40; £130. H.TO, 
DF: SAM. CSF: E19J7. 

Britanic Assurance 
County Championship 
(1 U) to &30 udass stm«J) 

SWANSEA: Glamorgan v Lancashire 
5«mUMPT0#h Ttan^sWre y Kant 

UJHD^fifiddtasaxv Essex 

JJS£wnptonsWre v YoriafWn 
BDGBAST0N: Warwickshire v 
Laree st ei' shl re 

WOHCESTEItWorcesterehtov Sussex 

Other Match ' 

(11.30 to 6JQ) 

FBtaerS: Cambridge University v 


A winner at 
Le Touquet 

By a Correspondent 

Virginia Leng, fresh from her 
world championship triumph in 
Australia three weeks ago on 
Priceless, rode to victory on her 
young horse. Murphy Himself, 
in. (he international three-day 
event at Le Touquet over the 

WARWICK UNOER-25 coMPETmow: I weeketHl Murphy Himself com- 
Hampshire v Kent. Trent 1 peted with distinction, since this 

Nft Ovenrie, Vtat SatsSts. 41, JM, — _ 
shM. G H a rwood at Pulboroimh. Tots: 
£1.90: £1.20, ESSO, E2SD. DF: £19Sa 
CSF: £2607 

130 (6f) 1, STRATHBLAfOE (W Carson, 
12-1L2. lingeitog(W R Smrtxm. 61k 3. 
Sy«m Go (J RoML 1 61) ALSO RAM 6 
if fav Run little Lady (4mi5 Sateemant 
(Soil 12 Shutttocock GW. 20 Donravww 
■ “ , 25 Yavarro (6th). 50 Jifta Springs, 
jus Lady. 10 ran. NR: Trompe 
Ha a a. «l 2W. J Du- — • 
ArundeL Tote: £9.60. £230. £2.00 
DF: E52J0. CSF: £8914. 


„ 5.15 (1m 2Q 1. AL ZUMURRUD (Pat 
Eddery. 1-2 fav) 2. Greed (□ MchaBs. 6 
1) 3. GoMea Fancy (R Wters, 61) 
ALSO RAN. 8 Stttaty Busviess (4m). 12 

Sound Work fSttl). 25 Ml 

I'M. stUal 2JH. 5). 9 

NawmarkeL Tote: £1 SO; £1.1 
£3.10. CSF: £5.47 
Phtcepot £223.10. 

New saddles 
more friends 

By Christopher Go elding 

64 Ttan Effort, 11-4 Taka A Hfcn, 61 Mentaydatowarrior. 7-1 Peter Moan, 61 
Harry Hunt CheewcM, 161 others 

East MdtandsvJndtane (one day) 

60 (1m 2f) 1. THE GAME'S UP (T 
Wfltams. 61) 2. Mattel Harrier (P Cno«. 
163; 3. FbmMig (W Carson. 261) 
Alio RAN: fi lev Redden (4th) 11-2 
Minus Man. 8 Marsoom. 10 Kamatak 

Going: firm 

ZAS reni, MASTER POKEY (M Birch. 
11-2): 2. Fakfwyn (N Cariisla, 161) 3. 
OoMy Baby (K Hodgson. 261) ALSO 
RAN: 615 lav Surtty Great ffth) 10 
Hazsre Girl. Taka Effect (8lH) 25 Premium 
Goto (Sth) Eppy Marner. 100 Mtss 
Diamante. 9 ran. nk. HI. «L & M W 


Going: firm 

8.10 <1m If) 1. RatSa 
Jdory. 261) 2L Queen Of E 

White h Lasts 
2^1. 14 ran. 

Ou oo nOf Banfejl 


AirorafM 62 lav. 
Aron. P ware 

Eastertw at Shamf Hutton. ToCk £8^0; 
£2.10. £160. £326 DF: £148^0. CSF: 
BKL91. After a stewards inquire the 
ptaemgs remaated unaltered. 

US raOl.MAYBEWUS'C (N CteflalB. 6 

Aron. P Wahwn. 
Tote: £1360: £420. £2.10. £1.60. DF: 

£19020. CSF: £23847. After stewards' 
Inqury, result stood. 

_ M0 (5fl 1, Spanish Sky (RCwant. 61) 

ia7felS so AiS , ?3S 

km. Sweet Andy. Sparkier Sprit, 
ran. SI. hi. hd. 2Vfi. 1L P Hastam at 
NawmarkeL Tot a: £580: £2.00. £2^0. 
£2B0 . DF: £49X0. CSF: £4038. Tricast 

3J0nm)1. SAMS WOOD (R Cochrane. 
161k 2, Cranny’s Bar* (W Carson. 65 

M0 (581. Spanish Si 
2. Pok's Seng (64 (an); 
i) Iw. 61. 9 ran. N Vk 
£1.50, £1.10. EZL90. 1 

141. 9 ran. N Vigors. Tote: £4.10c 
M.10. £2Ja DF; £ZB0. CSF: 

_ (fieri), io L m Progress, 
s Mece, 14 Bootfam Lad. w \ Dear 
— 10 ran. a. 1L »L 41. 41. w Mackie at 
Chtrcfi Broughton. Tote: £8.10. £2^0, 
£1.10, S2J30. DF-. tBM. CSF: E24J71. 
bought m 3JOO gns. 

345 (BQ 1. BROWN BEAR BOY (Pal 
Eddery, 9-3:2. Mary Maguire 0) Mchols, 
12-1L 3, PWWar (A^ Madoy. 2)1) ALSO 
RAfc 11-4 lav Sharttes wbnpy (Sdi) 11-2 
Exarmamn (4th) 7 Gods sofuto (Bfti) 
Wobstars FeasL 10 Ftasta Oefdns. 20 

2, Cranny's Bonk (W Carson. 8-5 
L Golden Slade (A Tucker. 161) 
RAN: 5 Every Effort (4th) BGurnen 

\J - t J 


l0ran.hd.ifcl.4LT.4L il M Tomptora at 
Newmarket To® £1360; £300, El.ia 
£2.10. DF: £14.50. CSF: £2311. TiTCSOT 

40 (CT i, oooo THE am. 
McGione. 5-6 fay): 2. Bafantbrae 
Roberta, 33- It 3. Roan Beef 
* ALSO RAN: 3 

J4ti) 12 The Chm 

Man (Sth). 20 Ariandase (Bit) M Prince 
Mac. Kamstar. 8 ran. 4i. nk. *k 31, 1»L R 
Hannon at MaribOTOugh. To® £1 JO; 
£1.10. £2.10, £1.70. W: £1750. CSF: 
£2301 . bought In 2,300 gns. 

7.10 (1m Gf 110yd) 1. AeSon Time 
iKjtnsoa 1M taVK 2, Upland Goose . 

Thomson. 168 tak 2, Uptand Goose ( 

Ik 3 Track Marshall (4-1). 4L sh hd. 15 
ran. NFL Purple. P man. To® £2.1“ 
£1.10: £3.40, £1.50. D ft £22.90. 

Tyddtyeyetye. 33 Trentuflo Blue. 11 nan. 
%l, 1%L nk, UL IL R Armstrong at 
NewnarkeL Tote: £330: £1 JO. 090. 

7.40 (Sf) 1, First Experience (M Fry. 36 
1) 3 Divissima (16a 3 caw BkdjtM) 

SaicarTiak er Boy 64 tsv. 1 KL fcL 9 rn. 
(ffiTsehula. Tota: £4320: £8.13 £1.80. 
£1.13 DF: E155J0. CSF: £210.64. Tricast 

£4J3 DF: £1383 CSF: £523l.Thcast 

4.15 (2m 2fl 1, ARBOR LANE (EGuasL 
1617,2. Love Wafissd In (R Morea. 61) 3. 
Joist (G Duffiald. 7-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 p- 
tavs Sound Diftaaon (Stfi) & Cheka. Easy 
Km, 8 Aifie Diduns Hih) 10 Ascemnoar 
(8th) 20 Bakicls. 50 DevS To Pfcnr. 10 ran. 
IA. Wbigs Of Ihs Mom. 1 fcL 3) 1KLO. 
nk. R Boss at Newmarkte. Tote: £10.70; 
£2.10. £350. E1J0. DF: £97.10. CSF: 
£139.11. Tricast E1J07J7. 

4J0 (Gf) 1 . HELAWE (W R Swtnbum. 16 
2)2. Muric Review (R Cochrane, 9-4 favK 

3. Summerhfl Spruce (G King. 61). ALSO 
RAN. 11 Lydie Languish, 12Divino FSng, 
Light Hffls. Manor (5th) 14 Utt Fhfltrt. 
Taytar 01 Soham (4th) 18 Harmony Bowl, 
25 Fanw Puss. 33 Perstari Bazaar (6 th), 
Delta Rose. Sequestration, Athlete's 

_ 310 (7() 1, 58b Henry (£ Guest 161) 
2. Storm Hera tevens few): 3. Star Aon 
(5-1) Neck. & 10 ran. Tata: £11.03 
aaj. £1.13 £1.63 DF: £1313 CSF: 

840 (1m 16 l. Temple Walk <W 
Carson, evens lav): 3 Snotey Saint (13J) 
3. Hot Mamma (12-1) 9. head 14 ran. 
Tow. £2.63 £1.73 £303 £323 DP. 
£12.40. CSP £321. 

Racing saddles have tra- 
ditionally been made from 
leather but now saddles con- 
structed from a rubber fibre are 
becoming popular among the 
leading Flat jockeys. Walter 
Swinbum and Tony Murray are 
among those who find these 
saddles ideal for riding at their 
minimum weight. 

Murray, who rides the 
Maktoum hones trained by 
Tom Jones, has had a constant 
battle with the scales to keep his 
weight in check. At one time. 
Murray was set to retire because 
the constant wasting was mak- 
ing him ilL but now he has 
found a diet that enables him to 
ride in relative comfort. 

At Ascot on Saturday. Murray 
and Swinburn were both re- 
quired to ride at their lightest 
and both used a rubber saddle to 
enable them to draw the correct 
weighL The saddles are made at 
a variety of weights with the 
smallest only just over a pound. 

The saddle comes from 
Australia," Murray said. “It is 
made from the same material as 
divers' wetsuits. I find them 
very comfortable — you can get 
dose to your horse and they 
seem to sit well on their backs." 

4.45 ‘RACE-A-ROUND’ YORKSHIRE HAMHGAP (3-Y-O: £1,415: 1m 

1 01 Sa«SI(USAXD)(N NonqA9tew»rt67 M Rotate 

2 0632 $AFFAN<USM(F Salman) M Prescott 67 NON-RUMMER 

3 004 BLUSH W G SPY (B) fS Stiaft M FaflwrsttxvGQrtlgy »6 R Mb 

4 63000 BETIEH BEWARE (USA] (U 1 Batting <UI j w atf ita 

7 000400 CARMVEtCarifGnre Safes Co UtJ) M McCormack 61 CDvmr 

9 0000 OttSH OlaHiA (B) (T Bwaden) A Baifay 60 PBtoom fi rid 

4 634300 BETTBIBEWi 

7 006000 CARDAVEJCaitJBW Sales Co Ltd) M McCormack 61. 
9 0000 08SH DlB4ttA (B) (T w*radeni A Batey 90 

00600 LMTON 

0600 SUMUI0EN (Mb LCatayl JBtartngtoo 611. 

13 0000-00 RBO M30OV (J Coxon) J Jeltefson 61 1 A Stmdtx <S} ■ 

15 0600 DALLONA (E Badger) WMuszon 610 H WlghntO 

7-4 Sander. 5-2 Better Beware. 61 Ariiho Spy. 7-1 Linton Springt i me. 161 
Sunreridao, 14-1 others- 

E1.415: 1 m OTHER SPORT . 

pROQUET: MacRobertson ShteM Series: 
M Rotate 1 NewZaaland v AwgraHa (at Hurfingtam) 
NON-RUtaHI 4 Tropteea (at 

R Hft »7 gy^anfiw ) Boteiamp mn toumwnant 

““ J c£ 52 » tournament (at 

PBkMtaS&Se L W f “Oon 

rtrong 6 T 3 ^^rbyy: Poole v ar- 

B %53? ^ Bradtort w 

A Shouted s f 1 championships 

R Armstrong 613 

M Wood 2 

was his first sortie abroad and he 
was The only horse to complete 
the event without penalties over 
a testing and twisting course anrl 
in very hot and tiring 

lah Stark, world gold-medal 
team member, and his young 
horse, Glenbumie, also on his 
nisi excursion abroad, finished 
a creditable fourth, with Lucy 
Thompson and the Ferryman in 
fifth place. 

gEg*?* I- .Murptry HtataH jam 

a HWIrobtedon) 

(at Cams) 

Great Britain v United States 

Wtootan MBs) I Stark. 69^. 

5.15 EBF THORNE MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1^58: 5f) (7) 

1 AD AND ABET (J Wlgto) M Saxm 611 AKbatatey 7 

2 022 CARSE KBJ.Y (ts”)(Exora of the tats I RodonQ S Norton 611 _ J Loam 1 

7 4 HOLD ON PLEASE (USA) {UJawieyM Baking 611 JMattta2 

10 PETAHGO (R SptafrQ E won 611 : AProod4 

12 0000 SH«aAttLACrO*T^DeveioiTO^ DMdrofaS 

13 42 SPAMSH 18JPPBB (R Jamtonfw Halgh 611 MOgy3 

14 T8U?lfij0m(Ciit^PtaauflNWii«r611 TfvnB 

61 Aid and AbaL 61 Hold On Ptaaaa. 1 1-2 Carse KeSy. 61 Spartah Slipper. 161 

Tina s Malody. 161 Patango. 261 Sncta Lady. 


Henley qualifying 

5.45 MEXBOROUGH STAKES (3-Y-O: £2^03: 1m 2f)(7) 

3 206031 
5 461 

7 1 

11 6 

14 « 


15 00260 

The 'following crews will take 
jpjui in qualifying races for 
Henley Royal Regatta (July 2 to 
6 ). 

double sculls 

tftrao w« 

_ 2-S Kathy W. 7-2 Past Glorias. 61 High Knout 61 Pokey's Pride. 261 King 
Taflaos. 561 MoBo Rapkta. 

„ . Wafton. Aoecroft 

Sculats ScfioaL Cite of odord! 
Kingston Rowing dub (HuQ. 

The Ruddles permit trainers' prize money was Prideaux Boy, 
award for the leading permit who won over £41,000 for his 

445 (1m) 1. EAGLE DESTINY (PH 
fddere. 11-2) 2. Betero Magic fW Ryan. 
9-4 ft-rav); 3 flvcah It OattVlBrch, 9-4 jt- 

310 (Ira) I. Pafflnfco (A Mackav 7-1) Z 
Pasticcio (62): 3 On To Glory (11-2) il 
ran. Farac 4-1 fav. 4IA Tote*. £1393 
£3.13 £150, £250. DF: £3.13 CSF: 
£37.04. Tncaat £17377 Placepoe 
£3325. Foot £59333 

• Geoff Lawson, assistant 
trainer to Guy Harwood at 
Pul borough, said at Brighton 
yesterday that the stable’s Irish 
Derby nmner. Bakharoft had 
worked exceptionally well on 

holder of the 1985-86 season 
resulted m a tie between Ann 
Goodfellow, from Mi minim in 
Northumberland, and Kenneth 
Dunn, from North Tawion in 
Devon (Christopher Go aiding 
writes). Both trainers collected 
7$ points with 10 points allotted 
for a winner, four for a second 
and two for a third. Pam Sly. 
from Frt c rbo r ough. took third 

The horse to collect most 

Cornish handler, Graham 
Roach- The eight-year-old geld- 
mg won the Swinton Insurance 
Brokers' Trophy at Haydockin 
May and earlier ran a fine race 
to.frnisfa fourth in the Champion 

The awards win be presented 
on September 19 at Hunting- 
don,, where an amateur riders' 
handicap chase will be jointly 
sponsored by Ruddles and the 
Permit Trainers' A ssocia t ion. 

wtfl quafty) AMngdon, Brasanosa Co) 

SdiooL Hanley. Hereford, (sis, Jesua 
rtafaaaj .Wgstmimter BmiOSmmm 

(faaiast free ivft quafity) 
Tr«j*aii«nsC,TMciMifiham, WatoroST 

THAMES CHALLENGE CUP (tastta 19 »^Af04iACUPffasJftRl(«^^« 

rr — Wfl AWnodan, BrasanoseCi* Braw AriAQtytttCambriST&SSSn 

Permit holders’ award shared d&r 


VISITORS’ CUP (iastest fiw wll gn^): 

Brat and 

- Forest 

ScheoLGooraoHsriars School. Gtasaaw ' 
UNwrafty. Ss. King James's Cri»T 

taSS® SSSS? 1 “*** "rf” 
vSSnto ThSS' ***■ Bon 

W8 ’ 

Sr - iv 

' .;v ' .. 

* <r tr it 


o* OiW . 


Castle’s telling 
first move 
raises British 


By David Powell 

Andrew Castle's first ap- 
pearance at Wimbledon pno- 
. vided a welcome injection of 
hope for the British game 
yesterday. Given a wild card 
into the first round, he re- 
sponded with the best perfor- 
mance of his career, beating 
Brod Dyke, the Australian 
No. 8. 7-6, 7-6, 6-3. In marked 
contrast to Stuan Bale, his 
compatriot, who went down 
in straight sets to Paul 
Annacone on an adjacent 
court. Castle showed some 
inspired touches even when 
bis opponent was getting the 
better of him. 

Castle, aged 22, is from 
Taunton but has not spent 
much time there lately. After 
four years honing his skills in 
the United States college sys- 
tem he returned to Britain to 
play the indoor circuit and 
won £500 for achieving the 
best results. The money was 
spent on developing his 
strength at the gym nasi am in 
Birmingham where . Pat 
CowdeU, the former European 
boxing champion, trains. The 
investment has proved worth- 
while for he is assured of at 
least £3,000 in prize-money 

ft is 13 years since Roger 
Taylor last gave Britain a 
representative in. the men's 
. singles semi-finals (or quarter- 
finals, for that matter) but he 
is stU] to be seen moving from 
court to court Yesterday his 
attentions were focused on 
Castle whom he prepared for 
these championships. “He 
looks like a tennis player, 
doesn't he?" Taylor said. "He 
did well to come back from 4- 
1 down in the second set 
especially when you think that 
it was bis first Wimbledon and 
he didn't even know where the 
changing rooms were." 

Tall, slight and with 
brushed-back blond hair, Cas- 
tle resembles a Swede (Anders 
Jarryd in particular) and will 
now have to play one, Mats 
Wilander, the No. 2 seed. 
Whatever the outcome Castle 
may get to know Wimbledon 
well this summer. His victory, 
and Bale’s defeat promises 
him the last vacant place in 
Britain's Davis Cup squad for 
the quarter-final on these 
courts against Australia next 

In climbing the world 
to 57th this year 

rankings to 
Dyke has beaten, among oth- 
ers, Becker, Forget and Merit 
He was a service break up in 
each set tart lost the battle of 
concentration. Castle's next 
telling service was never far 
away and. in the second set he 
recovered from 2-5 to win the 
tie-break on his sixth set point 

Bale probably played as well 
as he is capable of playing but 
Anaconne was too cunning for 
him, winning 6-3, 7-5, 6-3. 
The British No. 4 served com- 
fortably and showed a sore- 
ness of touch at the net But 
Anaconne, a quarter-finalist 
two years ago, dropped only 
five points on his own service 
in the opening set and four in 
the third, leaving Bale helpless 
against his variety of shots. 

Jelen fever, the 21-year-old West German sending Kevin Garrett last year’s nmner-np, to a 
first-round defeat at Wimbledon yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). Report page 40 

Giant’s mayhem on court 

By Simon Barnes 

McEnroe comes back 

John McEnroe wflf return to 
defend bis title at the S3 1 5,000 
Volvo International tour- 
nament from August 4-10 at 
Stratton Mountain, Vermont, it 
was announced yesterday. "We 
are delighted that John has 
chosen to make his return to 
rand prix tennis,” Jim 
esihaii, the tournament direc- 
tor. said. 

i r 

McEnroe, who defeated Ivan 
Lendl in last year’s Volvo 
International final, took a leave 
of absence from the game earlier 
this year and las not competed 
in an official tournament since 
the Nabisco Masters in January. 

Last month, McEnroe and his 
fiancee, Tatum O’Neal, became 
parents of a boy. Kevin. The 

American left-hander holds 
seven Wimbledon titles — three 
singles and four doubles — and 
has won the US Open singles 
four limes and the doubles three 

• Matt Doyle, of Ireland, Colin 
Dowdeswefl, of Britain, and 
Mike Estep and Brian Gottfried, 
of America, have been nomi- 
nated for the presidency of the 
Association of Tennis Pro- 
fessionals (ATP) by the ATP 
board of directors, it was an- 
nounced yesterday. Balloting for 
the new president begins im- 
mediately and concludes just 
before the ATP championships 
in Cinotmati, Ohio, Aug. 27, the 
ATP said. 

The new president wfll serve a 
one-year terxn. 

So: the mad axeman is hack. 
Boris Becker, the teenage 
brutalizer of texutfs hafts has 
retimed to Wimbledon— and he 
is bigger than ever. 1 mean that 
quite literally: he is four 
centimetres teller ti tan be was 
last year. He stepped hade to 
wreak his own brand of temris 
mayhem on the Centre Covt 
yesterday, .and demolished 
Eduardo Bengoechea 6-4, 6-2,6- 
1. Bengoechea is from Argen- 
tine. Maybe he would have done, 
better if he had used his hands. 

Bengoechea was not quite the 
butcher from BfUmo. More of 
your sacrificial lamb. And 
Becker, muscles popping, legs 
bulging, striving vainly in be- 
tween points to hitch Ids shorts 
up post Iris waist, was back 
giving ns more of the same as 
last year — galumphing aces, 
schoolboy errors, shuddering 

He opened with a double hudt, 

since he always tikes to play in 
adversity. Then he started to 
assault tennis bails: be hit the 
white ones fast year, he is hitting 
the green ones this yean he 
hates afl tennis balls, no matter 
what their colour, and hits every 
oae as if he never waste to see it 

IBs service is an awesome 
thing: up on his toes, a deep knee 
bend, and a long, gravity-defying 
sway backwards: this part is the 

cmling of the spring. The release 
is a laid of atavistic frenzy, but 
it fa pet fumed with the innocent 
pleasure of a lad on the razz at 
the fairgrosad, showing off on 
the try-ytXH'-strength machine 
while his girl fa watching. 

He Eked being hack on the 
Centre Comt, with the ball 
finding the sweet spot and 
hitting the white lines time and 
time again. "The best feeling I 
have ever had was on the Centre 
Court," he said. Even waiting in 

the little room to go on court was 
stirring powerful memories, and 
with Bengoechea asking him 
what te do and where to go, he 
felt very ranch the man in 
control. “So I toM him to lose his 
first service game and then we 
would have a nice maid." By 
the way, it fa not worth panick- 
ing about Becker’s injured fin- 

E . Certainly Becker fa not 
ng anything of tire kind. “It 
harts for tire first IS minutes, 
bat In a match I don't feel 

I doubt if Bengoechea felt 
much, either. He must have been 
pretty nnmb after that pommel- 

Becker fa never afraid of 
looking a twit, and every now 
and then he suffers that fate 
when a shot fails K> come off. Bot 
because of bis power-crazed lack 
of circumspection at the end of it 
alL be ends up looking not so 
much a twit as a giant. 


tended players in ogoahi 

Men’s singles 

Holden B Becker (WG) 

J Gunrarsson (Swe) M H Gademtustw 
(Ctefe! 6*3. 6-4. 6-4. 

TSmd(Cr>HDJCaMi{tos) 6-4. 6-3, 


P Annacone glStbtSM Bale (06) 6-3. 
7-5. 6-3. 


P Urngntn (Swe) bt R B Gnwn (US) t 

MfctocrlCtiteMSchapwspteftJ B*. 


A Mansflort (te) MG MIcMwta (Can) 3-6, 

MFnwman (US) WNAerts/BfJ 6-4. M. 

A N Cute JGB) bt B Dyke (AuS) 7-6. 7-6, 

TRGu#kson(US}btBS»ate{USJ 6-2. 
*-6.7-6, 6-1. 

B BECKER gMG) M E BMguachM (Aral 
W « V Anviuqi pwte] 6-1 . 30, 

E Jew (wai K K CURROI (UBI W. 6-7. 

2-6. 6-4, 1&1D. 

M WILANDER (Sm) bt S Davit (US) 7-6. 
64. 6-4. 

J VWndaM (Swe] leads K Ftach (US) 7-5. 

P Karaite <WG> toads BTaacrar(US)8-3. 

P Sknil (Cz) leads U Stentund (Swe) 4-6. 

T WWson (US) level S M Shew (GB) 1 - 1 . 
S YouUAus) tevsi S Zhre^nowc (Vug] 1 - 1 . 
j W|TraM^«^sad&K ewmdenlNZ) 

M (ngajmna (Aral loads H Scrtwstfer{WG) 
,3*. * 6 . 7-5, 6-5, 

T Scheuer-Lareen (Dan) btL Anunoplis 
(US) 6-2. 64. 

ABetznwfWG) bt J A Salmon (03) 6-0. 

I Deroangeot (Ft) bt J G Thompson (Aus) 

A 6 Benricfcsson (US) bt J A Richardson 
(NZ) 7-6, 6-1. 

MJausovacfVufl) tow! L J.BonUar(US) 


Key to countries 

A 17 Aigturiintc Ask AusnSa; Dafc Bet- 

WMtsu^ teens BTestarman (US) 


s BOBERS <Sw) feeds v Wader (US) *4. 

1 LENDL (Gz) toads L Lrraate (Max) 7-6, 


Women’s singles 

HoWen M Navratilova (US) 

T Phelps (US) bt A L Granted (OS] 62. 


BroS: But __ 

Cot: CotomWa: Cc Gzecno- 

attmtaK Date Denmark: Ecs Ecuador Hit: 
Friend: Fr: France; GB: Great BriJa&v Gr: 
Graees; HK: Hong Kons Hong: Hungary; 
tndn: Indonesia; 6 « blind; ton Israel; ft 
Italy: Woe Mexico: Mom Monaco; Hath: 
Na&wrfandK N£ New Zealand; Pan 
Paraguay; PMfc PWippmes; Pol: Potent); 
Fort: Portugal: P Kcte Puerto Wco; Bone 
FtomareaTsA: South Africa: S Kor S 
Swe Sweden; Swftz: 
Thdanct IHu: Uru- 
guay; US: mated Statwr. USSR Sovfc* 
(Non: Van Venezuela: Wte Wost Ger- 
many: Yog: Yugoslavia; ZJer Zimbabwe. 


^Seeded ptoyws « capites) 

» stan on centre coort and covet one 
r coons start sr 1230pm. 

NAVRATILOVA (US) V Mrs B R Dintwotf 
(Aus* G VILAS (Aral vP Cash Orajc MBS 
P H SHFBVER (L®) V Misa 8 Nagsban 



Zvereo (USSR). S ED 8 ERG (Swedj vV 
W8d*r(US9:CSieyn|SWij4 M LKwUiGBJ: 
J U Taeon (GB) v H MAHDLStOVA (Cz). * 
COURT THREE G Forete (Frt v M JAT 1 TE 
(tort; K JORDAN (USfiT ft AHgraJ 


court rente u t ttaawr ©bj » c 

MeacaOi Wt SSwwnaJva (IIS) v MR 
Edmonasosi (AnW: Mbs CEKidWnan (US) 

PCt m aB urtin gjSl- 


MtesM Jausov«c(Yug)i 
(US); A Qwsnotor . .. , 
OnfilWMjfgj): M Otawr (Nigarta) v M 


OB) V Mbs B J 

I v M Bauer 


COURT SOt N A Futwood(GS)vB Pearce 
(US); H Solomon [t® v J Canter (US): 
Mrsa C Bartsirtn (US v Mss P Rotatfe 

MrU C 

) v E Sanchez (Spv 

COURT SEVEN: R Krishnafl 
Made) (Mart B Tmtemwn . 


D Pamefl (GBf: A Maumr 
GHeaMn tfsr). 

COURT BQHT: M Oevis (IIS) v M Fur 
(US); Miss S P Soane (US) v Mss M 
Torres (US); CTMtacner (US) v M Sreitwr 
(CS# R Acuna (Ch) v 6 Holmes (US). 

COURT TOfcCSecsanu 

(US) Mbs M Gurney . 

QxdwB (NZ); 8 H Larins (SA) r JB 
Svonwon (S*^ M WooAoraB{Aus)v B 

COURT ELEVSC □ de MojbI (Sp) V J 
Sariri (USJc T Chaowon (FA v M 
Wostenhokna (&i Mss P Huber (Austri 
v Mss P Ctoake (US): M Leach (US) v 

v Miss A C Vjflagtan (Arg); S Youl (Aua)v 
ZNopncwiC (Yog); H P g3£ ‘ - - 

G Layondecksr (US): D T 


Glamorgan v Lancs 


LANCASHIRE: Frst Innings 

G 0 Mmfb c Davies b Ontoog 100 

G Fowler cSteeJetHJctoy 14 

J Abreriams not out 189 

N Fabbnflher c Youiis b Ontong 1 

"C N Uayd UW b Ontong 14 

tC Mayriani c Hohnas b Steele — 60 
M Watfenson ( 

Warwickshire v 

WARWICKSHIRE: First bmings 

TALtoydb Potter 70 

P A Stwth retired fuel 0 

A I KaUchamn jbw b Taylor 2 

C Hcfcnes b Hickey 
J Simmons c Holmes b Hickey _ 
P J W Alton c Paufine b Thomw 

Extras (tb B, w 7. nb 7) 

Toni (6 wfcts oec) 

D L Amiss c Whitbcase b Benjamin 54 

tG W Humpage b Potter 34 

Aslf Din c Benjamin b Agnew 61 


D J Malonson end l Fofley <fid not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-36. 2-164, 3-175. 4- 
226, 5-325. 5074, 7-37R 8-475. 

A M Ferretra b Potter 

G J Parsons c Potter b Agnew 5 

KJ KArr notout 8 

G C Smafl Ibw b Agnew 0 

Extras (b 4. to 9. w 1.1*5) 20 

Total (B wkts dee) 322 

BOWUNCfc Thomas 24*447-1: Vfackay 
oimes 4- 

2M-102S; Derrick 12-2-34^. Hobnes 
5-14-0: Steete 204-118-1 : Ontong 35-12- 

GLAMORGAN: First hirings 
D B Pauline c Alott b Wsbdnson ___ 53 
H Morris c Abrafwns b btecktson — 54 
GCHoiniescAUoUbMaJonson __ — . 2 
Ytxjnis Ahmad c Maynard bWatkteson 68 

M P Maynard not out — 36 

*RC Ontong not our ... 7 

Extras (b2.b2.wl, nb^ 10 

*N Gdford did not bat 
FALL0FWICKET5: 1-112-117.3-170.4- 
177. 5-283, 6-306, 7022. 5322. 
BOWUNG Agnew 20-1 -55-3: Tavtor 14-3- 
43-1; Da Frenas 153-450; Benbmin 21- 
2-74-1: WBiey 2564347. Potter S&5453. 
Second Irmmgs 

T a Uoyd not out B 

ToM (4 wks, B4 overs) . 

G J Parsons Kw b Agiww 1 

A ( KaBcharran not out 0 

Extras (to 5. w4) 9 

Total (1 wkt) 18 

Robertao n (SA). 

" TWMTtBfc B Center (Auat) v J C 

COURT MNE: U W Anger (US) v S Casa* 
(Sc* M togaramo (Anri v H Schmter 
nVdKlyGaES PM (VUG) v Miss J V 
Forman (US): RJ Simpson (N2)v B KMotr 




T WMaon (US) 


S J M Brm* Mute y W M 
^^4ust): H LECONTE (Fr) v R 




MOUTH AteQUCA: Amwlcw Ua 0 W: CteW- 

law > Mm 4. Mmesora Tram 1: Cheapo 
Whin So* ttL Beanie Manean 4; Kansas cey 
Rtnale 7. Cwdana Angels *: hMvauUe 
Bmrnatai. nunx T-gtOfl; BUnts* Ontm; 

4 Banco Am Sox dc ToronO Sue Joys 15. 
Wx fork Yanftan 1 itecas Rangers 5. 
OelrtrxJ atMeecs « MMooW Leegae: St 
u>MCwanm7.FTawMiatawms*;Mew 1 



Yfeffc Uas4. ORxagoOtesftMotteai^pos 


TtS»dHV«(US)," 6 ; a 



fe Kmg Edwanra. Brmhgpwo 2B1-7 dec. 
•WtrtW* 257-6 (1 Stm&n lit}. Weals 
Bnuofi 138. ,’Qumhi, Teunoon 137-8: 


•lOng v 211 . 

KeifMt. Rochester 205. *St lBI 

one 62 *K C S. Wmbtedoi 2054 dec. 1 ) C S 
pOL TOnBettn G S 207-7 dec. Gmroei S08-7; I 
*Laneta 0 208-8 dec, Torwwoe 152-7,1 

Mc«non tePO* 2 cad 3* S«i Oego Radms 
SlLo! M gMtiOoAni 

sarowSCoacujam Assoct*no»t re* 
MsJtt: B a msScmers 0. Caeham Yanawne 
21 . Stcydon BueWys &. CrawUry Gams 10: 
Ctordoa Bmaftya 5. Crasley SMas IS 
Er.bwa Sprans 13. Sunn Braves IS: 


BndftWW I5PC3. wwt 

: 1 . 

cSSSrwaa^.jS T ^^Pte'wdF 

Traars. N Keysar, CWear A: Harvener 



16; Crofdoa Soretuh 
Utey Mon & 

pxees is. WMltara AtUey. - 

= b«M *«« Pad MW »3. anr 

— _ rnlECdUMSHr Caugan tf. 

WM tonaoo Bufets a Reetfng VMiga 2 L 


ROCHESTER: MefnattoatfimaMYa unv 
rfm . fMl MW (US UdtK 
SjScUnscn. 74. 69.8271 2E&P 

2. T3.6B.6&. 3*3: C Johnson. 75. 

72. 7Q.0S. SS4: J StWMmaiUiJe). 73. 71 . 
88. 72. al& L BeuahTte. 79. 72. 296: M 
nvmrittif ^71. 7A 7a 71; V Burner. 
7C74. BS. 75 Uh L mat, 60L 76. 71. 72. 



lionet 1 

1 *. & PauTM 188-0: •Marweft 157. 
Aanangnam 103; -Ncttiflltam H s 21 5-6 
dec. RftMi 151-6; -Oefciwn 164. Bedford 
Modem l85-5iDW KeMUns 188-8 dec, "KoBy 
i486: OUT 230-6 dec, "Merchant TavKre . 
Jtormvwjod 183-7; OEQ3. Vvmsw 110. 

Canto 118* Renata 0 S IBM 
dec. ’Runsh 164-4: BoydtUvy C C 19M 

Otove's G S 154-4 dec. Oartford G S 158-9: 

. „dee CS Berry na 'Judd 153* Stem 
1-ZCec^BwKlarf Tffl [n «. *Ol»iOto 17B* 

toe 1C . weaker i isjui Caniora 

ana 261-8 dec. «d VMamomt 201-4 dee 
end 208-4, ■Westmmster iSLButtartfW 167- 

•txngrH 1 : Totten Maw»w a. 

1 1 . Ararat 



norwsOdesn tt:4.zertiw*wvto*. 



R G 
.. ri57* 
•de nohe ho me want 
lor.S (48 Overs. 5 

dee. IQngfs. 


India 190 
non by 

^ Mir. nm r n»vwiffH 

BAW DAWES TROPHT: QttnpbOiirrw 2a*x 




s 5 S.l£ 0 AKtarafiSL-OwtoyBiicto;». 
CS Prates B&.F Wec* M.| 

pmisw Gsera at Tfarnas Fnaes 56. 
laEters 57; Crawtoy Buds A RUteto 


£ waswood n wnatonaiao- 
toOerteonWeteito* toitor| 

[Owen iMnoL-teiorPufe I67:(a»rtwi 
%w*tocfa Btcm mSeWtonJRGS it*- 
9; *ChrtSL. Brecon SV3MC(SSHamtld6t. 
BrenvyiMti C iTMfc Own HN£jU* 205^ 
Macro 106L Eaafl»un«Ss-4 jf j 
VHSUk* 1 12 n ofcCHy (9 London 1B6-7 dec, 
"BBiem 138-7; Sartsey's 9T. TfesnOoM 
92* ttesSSBM 3£0-6 dec. Attort Beyna m 
•OcwStoe lia Shertwme 1134; *6*a- 
bddme 171-S due. Ccto ciir< 10ft "am 21S;1 1 
dec (niiaUewy 102 n^te 

io(JL Brr.Syti 

Fk saate 206-» d»*AiaalSroaS5: 

^s. Btoret DabysbeB 143_lor 7.VorkS«re 
145 lor 2 p BaiayWno 

Yonrewre wan Oy eagnt ateAeu- 


POH, MALAYSIA: fi re n tf on to ee ma ttoeal 

tournaunt: Platan 3, Swft Korea 


Harro* 241,-4. dec (A W Sswn lW_nl 

Mdtena SL Crnwnry 15 (abandoned after 
seven tariff due to rain): Raadbo 3T (J 
AneMron 7 . j tom 5 . b mm s, p 

Jnnerasi 5. P Oanz K. gfcriAMd 40 nt Moran 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-62, 2-90. 3-163. 4- 

Sonus points; (2amonj*n 4. Lancashire 5. 
Umpires: P B WflBW and M J Kitcbsn. 

230 FALL OF WICKET: 1-17. 

Worcs y Sussex 


RACobbcF8rrelrabS»naB 73 

L Potter c Humpage b Ken 9 

*PWWey rwout 0 

J j WWtsfcer c Huiipaja b Small BO 

T J Boon tow b Parsons 4 


SUSSEX: First Iriftows 2S0 lor 9 due (P W 
G Parker 125: W V Harford 7forS4) 
Second tmnffs 

DK Standing b Newport — 8 

A M Green b Wesaon 22 

}P wtuWcase tow b Ferreira 1 

1 P Butofter c ana b Keif fl 

W Kft Benjamm c Ferreira bSmaD — 0 

PAJDe Fredas c Kaflidiarran b Smal 7 

J P Agrtew c Ferrara b Kerr 1 

ITaytornotout 0 

PWG Pariar bRadtord 

R 1 AUtoan c Rnodea b Radtord 

A P Wefts c sub b Radtord 

CM Wells not cut. 

t) JGcxMnnou. 

Extras (04, to B, lib 6) . 
Total (6 wfcts) 

- 2 
.. 0 

- 9 

- 2 

L B Ta>1or not out 

Extras (0 9. to B. w 1 . nb 3) 19 

Total (SL5 overs) — 218 


□ A Reeve, A G S Pfoott. A N Jones ana A 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-30, Ml. 3-66. *- 

69, 5-74. 

WORCESTERSHIRE: First (nrtngs 
T S Curbs c Partar b Jones , 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 2-2S, 3-160. 4- 
170,5-175, 6-205. 7-208. fr21 7. M18. IQ- 
218 . 

BOWUNG; Smal 21^9-41-4: Parsons 
12-4-29-1: Karr 32-6^7-3: Gitlord 6-0-30- 
<k Rantora 10-^32-1: AsH On f-0-4-0. 
Bonus palms: WanrickEMre 7. Leicester- 
shire a 

Umpires: D R Shepherd and R A ViNtt. 

DBDDttvetracQo^dtiCMWeflS-. 10 

RKBRngworthbCM Wafts 39 

D N pb»i tow b Reeve 15 

•p A Neale c Gould bCM Wefts 37 

M J Weston c and b Jones 0 

Nor thant s v 

J Rhodes b Reeve 0 

RJ Newport c Jones b Reeve 3 

NV Radford b Reave 6 

0 M Smith c and b Reeve — 6 

R M Bleock not out 4 


Extras (to 8, w 1. nb 13) _ 22 

Total (60J2 overs) *148 


lor 4 dec (R J Ba i y 200 not out R 
Moss 67; Bowing: Sxtebottom 20f»-1: 
Jaws 20-S-72-0;P J Hartw 22-6f2-2: 
Dooms 16-5-50-0; CarricX 23-5^1 -1 : Love 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-60. 3-70. 4-89. 
S-90, 6-95, 7-108, 8-120. 9-142. 10-14& 
BOWUNG: JotteS 14-2-60-2; PWOtl 4-1- 
154k Reeve 222-5-326: C M Wito 20-7- 

Bonus points: Sussex 7. Wunseswrehire 
Umpees: R Palmer and A G T Whitehead 

YORKSHIRE: First inninss 

G Boycott c Barley b Maftender 3 

A A Mstcatle c Harper to GntfWia — 151 

K Sharp c Hanxw b Maiiander 0 

SN Hartteyc Harper bCapM 11 

J D Love C Laririns b Maftendar 46 

*tD L Battstow b N G B Cook 88 

PCarridmotoid P 

Cambridge Univ 
v Surrey 


SURREYt Trat tonfnu 37S tor 8 dee (A R 
Butcher 157; Bow*ng: Scon 14-0-W6; 

Davidson 27-3-9S-3: Browne 6-2-13-1: 
GaUwg 30-2-95-1: Lea 21-5-74-3; Bari 1- 

Extras (to 12. w 2. nb 1) 15 

Tow (5 wwa. 81.4 overs) 314 

A Stoebottom. P W Janrta, S J Dennis and 
P J Hartley to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-6. 334. 4-146. 
5-310. 5-314. 

Bonus points: Northampton s hire 6. York- 
shire 5. 

Umpires: D G L Evans end KJ Lyons. 


P A C Bail c Dartre b Needham 
m s AhhiwsBa c Cterke b MecDycoQ _ 28 
QJFellbwb Butcher ^ — 0 

Big hitters 

ow Browns cLyncno Butcher 0 

•DQ Price b Butcher — 47 

A E Lee c Jestyb Medtycott — 8 

S R Gorman b ftetham ~ — 2 

>AD Brown not out. 

: M G Scon b Mthem . 

Extras (b 11 , to 12, w 4. nb 7) , 




- 34 


J E Davidson ha bM. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 145. 357. 3-60. 4- 
74, 5-84, 8-87. 7-143. 8-164. 9-204. 
Umpkw; h 0 Bird and K £ Palmar, 

Striking show 

Mick Thomion, a Coventry 
cricketer playing in the Cov- 
entry District League, scored 38 
runs in one over at the weekend, 
two more than Sir Garfield 

Sobers managed against 

Four centuries were scored on 
Sunday in tile Cricketer Cup 
second round matches. Two 
were collected by Oundelltans in 
their 32S against Old 
Oifionians, Old Wykehamists 
scored the two ihcy needed off 
the Iasi ball of the match 10 beat 
Repion Pilgrims. The match 
between Old Wellingiouians 
and Old Carthusians, the only 
one rained off will be played 
nexi week. 

CRICKETER CUP: Second itxmfcftapton 
PUgrrms 215 tor 6 (P ©I 90). DU 
Wfewrasts 219 tor 9 (S Ctofflpn 110): 
Mstoereugh. Suns 175 tor 8. OW 
emmonttns 13?; FdlStBd Robms 250 tor 
7, Ok) Crtctmeteme 17 ft: Downside 
Wancterera 2U tor 9 . Unorn Rovtsrs 1 81 ; 
Eton Rantote* 142. Shrewbsura 8ara- 

Glamorgan in 196& He hit six 

sens 1 43 JOfS: OundtoRovura tor 2 (J 
uae 130. P MwMtto IDOL Old Cfttuntens 


Middlesex Shower of wickets 

as bowlers and 

rank bad 

rain wreak havoc 

® By Richard Streeton 

By I vo Tennant 

LORD'S: Essex, with nine sec- 
ond innings wickets in hand, 
need to score 144 runs to beat 

By raid-afternoon yesterday, 
14 wickets had fallen in only 
45.4 overs. This was not 
Headingley but headquarters. 
Foster and Topfey had bowled 
Middlesex out for 97, leaving 
Essex needing 176 to win. The 
scorecard would suggest it is a 
stiff task, but in trouthe batting 
hitherto has not done the pitch 

By lunch, II wickets bad 
fallen. The ball swung around in 
the heavy weather, but not 
prodigiously. Most of the 
dismissals occurred through 
rank bad batting. It did not take 
Middlesex king to run through 
the Essex tail, Cowans returning 
5 for 61. hfa best figures of the 
season. Foster, 36 not out from 
Saturday, took his score to 47 
before Daniel, who overdid the 
short-pitched bowling, had him 
taken behind. 

Middlesex batted with little 
self-belief. Brown was well- 

taken by^ East, diving to his 

right; Miller edged one from 
Foster that hardly seemed to 
deviate; Butcher played too 
loosely to bis second balk 26 for 

If anybody would stop the rot, 
it would be Radley. He, though, 
pushed Foster tentatively to 
Fourth slip and Down ton, who 

SOUTHAMPTON! Hampshire, 
with three second innings tick- 
ets in hand, lead Kent by 139 

Bowlers held the upper hand 
yesterday as 1 S wickets fell on a 
day shortened by two rain 
stoppages. When the players 
came off finally with 15 overs 
left Nicholas was leading a 
desperate struggle by Hamp- 
shire, whose second innings bad 
been wrecked by Underwood 
and Alderman. There could be a 
tense finish today. 

All day a leaden sky provided 
poor light and there was always 
sufficient help in the pilch for 
bowlers to ensure a delicate 
balance between bat and ball. 
Kent have lost their last two 
championship games and did 
not rat with much conviction, 
as their last eight wickets fell for 
46 runs. 

Hampshire, in contrast, have 
won their fast two fixtures and 
during this period look a 
purposeful team. They owe 
much to Cowley, the off-spin- 
ner, whose last 28 balls either 
ride of lunch brought him four 
wickets and cost two runs. He 

16 in 13 overs. With only eight 
wickets in seven matches, he has 
had an unrewarding season so 
far before this match. Now bis 
rhythm and subtle changes of 
trajectory look at their best. 

underwood first had 
Greenidge held at forward short 
leg and Robin Smith at silty 
mid-off from successive balls. In 
his next over be bowled Mar- 
shall with a quicker hail. These 
wickets were taken during a 
period when Underwood 
bowled eight successive maid- 
ens. It was notable bowling and 
put Kent back in the game. 

HAMPSHIRE: Bret Innings 214 (C G 
Greenidge 53: D L Underwood 4 for 30) 
Second Innings 
C G GrednkJgo c Cowdrey 

□ Underwood 48 

VP Terry cMareno Jams J 

D R Turner b Alderman 12 

M C J Nicholas not out 

R A Smith c Aston b Underwood 0 

M □ Marshall b Underwood 
N G Cmtey Ibw b Alderman 

R J Pads tow b Alderman 

T M Tremtetr not out 

Extras (to 7) 

Total (7 wfcts) , 


varied hfa flight and pace clev- 
l finished wi 

erly and 

Cowley has an important role 
for Hampshire in ibe coming 
weeks as the fractured finger 
that Maru received last week 

with five for LMSiTHS 

C A Connor aid S J W Andrew to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-38. 3-64. 4-64. 
568. 6-103. 7.1 D3. 

KENT. First Innings 

M R Benson tow d Cowley 96 


*C J Tavara c Greenidge b Marshal — 0 

N R Taylor c Greemdge b Cowtay 17 

GRCdMtiimcPtarfcsb Connor 14 

D G Aslett b Andrew 8 

R M EBffion c Andrew b I 

had at least played straight and 
Keeled runs in the region 

against Surrey has proved more 
l first 

had coll 
of cover, played on. Roseberry 
top-edged his first ball to square- 

leg; Carr, pushing forward, was 
taken at f 

first slip and Foster had 
Hughes leg before, hfa fifth 

Middlesex look lunch on 67 
for 8. Foster then uprooted 
Cowans’ middle stump and 
Edmonds was nicely taken by 
Border at third slip off Topley. 
In 29.1 overs. Middlesex had 
been dismissed for 97, not quite 
their lowest of the season. 
Foster’s 6 for 57 were his best 
figures this summer and he has 
now taken 29 wickets in 4 

serious than was at first thoughu 
It mighL be mid-August before 
Maru is available again. 

Greenidge hit nine fours in his 
49 when Hampshire batted but 
otherwise only Nicholas could 
summon the skill to thwart the 
bowlers. Underwood by the 
dose had an analysis of three for 


. . 0 

) L Underwood c Terry b Connor 4 

T M Alderman c and b Cowtoy 2 

KBS Jarvis 0 

Extras (to ID, nb 5) 15 

1 Cowtev 

JS^A Marsfi c Nehotos b Cowley — 

Total (76.4 overs) 


FALL OF W1CKET& 1-62. 2-82. 3-148. 4- 
149. 5-167, 6-181. 7-181. 8-186. 9-189, lO- 

BOWUNG; Marshal 57-4-38-2; Connor 
20-4-58-2: Andrew 11-888-1; TnmMt 11- 
4-33-0; Cowley 17.4-7-17-5. 

Bonus points: Hampshire 8. Kent 5 . 
Umpires; JW Holder and J A Jameson. 

Barnett dominates 

to secure draw 

By Peter Ball 

matches. Topley. formerly on 
the ground staff Ik 

here, has 17 in 
two" matches. Championship- 
winning form indeed. 

Essex began their second in- 

Chesterfield: Gloucestershire 
is) drew wit, 

nings without Utley, who had 
•. Before they 

damaged a finger, 
came off, Cowans accounted for 
East, 1% before pushing half 
forward. One way or the other, it 
would have been all over yes- 
terday had the gloaming not set 

vith Derbyshire (5). 
trbysbire’s recovery, begun 
by their bowlers on Sunday, was 
carried on by their batsmen 
successfully enough yesterday 
for them to frustrate Gloucester- 
shire, in spite of a tremor 
around tea as three wickets fell 
for three runs to give 
Gloucestershire a tantalising 
glimpse of victory. 

progressing sedately towards his 
century- swept at Uoyds to be 
caught acrobatically off his 
gloves by the diving 



208 (R 0 

lor 67) 

Second Innings 
A 4 T MNer e East b Foster ~ 

K R BrowncEastbToptoy . 

fPRDowntonb Tooley _ 
»F<ww . 

R O Butcher tow b I 

- 0 

*C T Radtoy c Topley b Foster 9 

^ifcvrc^teSwin b Foster^ — 3 

SPHughss tow b Foster 2 

P M Eomonds c Border b Toptey 11 

N G Cowan# t> Foster 3 

WW Daniel not out 13 

Extras (b 3, lb 4) -7 

. Total 97 

The foundaiions for 
Derbyshire's innings were 
firmly established by the open- 
ing stand of 189 in 52 overs by 
Barnett and Anderson. Barnett, 
needless to say, was the domi- 
nant partner as he hit the 
sixteenth century of his career, 
and his first against Gloucester- 
shire, leaving him with only 
Essex and Nottinghamshire 
needed to complete the set. 

Even then, ai 240 for three, 
and tea minutes away, there 
seemed little cause for concern. 
Suddenly wickets fell with a 
rush as Morris was taken off pad 
and bat at silly point in Uoyds’s 
next over. 

With Miller unable to bat, 
that put a new complexion on 
the matter and Lawrence, 

pounding energetically in. found 
Roberts's edge in the first full 

over after the interval to begin a 
dramatic spell of four for 18 in 

29 balls ro push Derbyshire to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2, 2-26.826, 462, 
5-64, 6-64, 7-66. 8-67. 8-77. 10-97. 
BOWUNG: Foster 15-2-57-6; Toptey 14.1- 

ESSEX: Rrst Innings 

C Gtedwin tow b Hughos _ 
b Cowarts 

A W Uftey c Carr b 1 

PJtefchartcEaraooiteb Cowans — 0 

A R Bonier b Cowans — 4 

■KW RFtetchercDowntonb Cowans 5 

«R Pont b Daniel 14 

tD E Basic Cowans b Darnel — J 

N A Foster c Oownwn b Daniel 47 

T D Toptey tow b Cowans 2 

J H Cftflcfs not oof 5 

DLAGfMdb Derate — 0 

He gave full rein to his 
powerful array of strokes, 
particularly against Lawrence in 
the morning as the bowler risked 
accuracy in search of the pace 
and bounce of the first innings 
on a wicket which traditionally 
dies on the third day, 50 runs 
coming in the first nine overs of 
the morning. 

the brink of self-inflicted 
disaster. As the last pair came 
together, the lead had only 
stretched to 143. with the 20 
overs still 12 minutes away, but 
Finney, with his usual sound 
good sense, steered his partner 
and bis team to safety. 

DERBYSHIRE: First Innings 198(AH«71: 
C A Walsh 7 tor 62) 

Second timings 

•K J BanteB e Alleyns b Uoyds — 114 

Extras (b 5. to 11. nb 7) 
Total (45J2 overs) 


. > 130 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-7. 3-11 .4-18. 
5-50. 861 7-76. 8-1 1Z 8-128, 10-130. 
BOWUNG: Cowans 16-2-81 -6: Dante) 
145-2-27-4: Hughes 4-1-21-1; Edmonds 

Second innings 

C Gladwin not out 5 

tD East tow b Cowans 5 

P j Pncftard not nil 18 

Extras (nr 1} 1 

Total (one wlct) . 



Umpires: C Cook and B Dodteston. 

The advent of Payne and 
Bainbridge slowed the scoring 
rate from the spectacular to the 
merely quick, and by lunch 
Derbyshire had wiped out the 
first innings deficit of 136. 
Bameu’s century off 142 deliv- 
eries arrived as he drove Uoyds 
fora straight six, and by the time 
he departed, pulling a long hop 
lo mid-wicket, a draw looked 
fairly secure, barring accidents. 

Accident, however, began to 
happen, if slowly at first. Hill 
left his hat hanging out to get a 
touch to Russell; 1 1 overs later 
Anderson, who had been 

I S Anderson c Russell b Uoyds 93 

A Hill c Russes b Peyne — 13 

J E Moms c Bambridge b uoyds — 

0 Roberts c StcvofcJ 0 Lawrence 

tC Marptes c Russefl b Lawrence 14 

R J Ffcmey not out — 41 

M A Hokfcnq c Bambndge b Lawrence 1 

A E Warner c Walsh b Lawrence C 

J P Taylor not out — — — S 

Extras (b 11. to3.wt.nb9) 24 

Total (8 wfcts) 31C 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-189. 2-221. 3-240 
4-241. 5-343. 6-270. 7-373. 6-279. 
BOWUNG Lawrence 15-1-B4-4; Water 
27-4-72-0; Payne 18-6-40-1: Baffttrtdc* 
10-2- 380: Uoyds 26-563-3: StovoW 3-1- 

GLbuCE5TERBHm& First Innings 334 (A 
W Steroid 118; M A Holding 4 lor 76, J F 
Taylor 4 for 81) 

Bonus points: Derbyshire 5. Gloucester 
store 8. 

Umpires: D 0 (Wear and B Leadbsaw. 

Batsman’s paradise 
uncovered at Luton 

B>y Peter M arson 

Slide rules 
out for 
Group Two 

If it had been 
Northamptonshire's day on 
Sunday, yesterday belonged to 
Yorkshire, for whom Ashley 
Metcalfe made 151, his best 
performance, and Bairstow 88 
as they reached 314 for six from 
81.4 overs before rain stopped 
play shortly before 5.30. 

On the evidence thus far 
Wardown Park, Luton, fa 
approaching that favoured strip 
in a cricket field, now near 
enough extinct but lovingly 
referred to in those far off days 
as a batsmen’s paradise. In three 
and a half innings in this fixture 
over four days there have been 
batsmen never to have had it so 
good , and so far they have 
combined to compile 1, 1 18 runs 
- 385 on Saturday. 419 on 
Sunday and 314 yesterday. 

Northamptonshire had de- 
clared overnight at Saturday's 
total of 3S5 for four. It was 
cloudy but die pitch remained 
good and Boycott might reason- 
ably have thought that he would 

came to the rescue in a stand of 
135 for the third wtckeL 
Worcestershire had started 
out in the morning against 
Sussex at New Road. Worces- 
ter, at 38 for one, D’Oliveira 10 
and Illingworth 20. Because 
Pigou was nursing a troubled 
back Gould turned to Colin 
Wells, which could be seen to be 

By Michael Berry 

an enlightened move, for Welts, 
with Gould's 

I's help, accounted 
for D'Oiiveira. Illingworth and 
later Neale as Worcestershire 
sought to find as avenue down 
which they might steer clear of 
more trouble. 

Alas, there would be no 
escape, for it was at this point 

that Reeve came to play a part 

by bringing down Patel befc 
closing in on the tail, a clinical 
opera uon this, in which he 
rounded up the remaining bats- 

men. taking five for 32 in hfa 
5 1 

have a big part to play in a 

prolonged assault. But ?te be- 

came the first casualty, caught 
by Bailey at first slip and the 
left-handed Sharp, the second. 

caught at second slip by Harper, 
‘ the fifth 

both wickets falling in the fifth 
over bowled by a fellow 
Yorkshire man, Neil Mall coder. 

Neil Hartley, too. was gone 
with the score 34 but Yorkshire 
turned a corner here as Metcalfe 
and Love successfully countered 
Harpers strategy and in this the 
batsmen took Yorkshire on by 
1 12 runs for the fourth wicket 
before Mallender returned to 
prise out Love for 46. 

Warwickshire had begun 
again in the morning at 
Edgbaston at 31 1 for six against 
Leicestershire. But in making 
another ) 1 runs, and having lost 

stint of 22.1 overs. 

Sussex now began again lead- 
ing by 102 runs, but Standee fell 
to Newport and Green to Wes- 
ton. before Radford brought 
down Parker, Alikhan. and Alan 
Wells, three of five wickets to 
fall for 74. 

Lancashire had bailed on for 
another 25 minutes in the 

morning before declaring 

against Glamorgan at Swansea 
at 475 for eight. Abrahams was 
there stilL 189 not out. which 
was 13 runs away from what 
would have been his best perfor- 
mance. In any case, this bad 
been a splendid innings along 
the course of 348 minutes, in 
which Abrahams had hit two 
sixes to go with 30 fours. 

On a day when Zimbabwe 
made mathematically certain of a 
place in the ICC Trophy semi* 
finals from Group One. the 
prospect of a slide-rule conclu- 
sion to Group Two moved 
towards an increasing reality. 

Zimbabwe beat Malaysia by 
eight wickets at Egerton Park to 
record their fifth successive vic- 
tory. Malaysia collapsed from 24 
without loss in the fourteenth 
over to S9 all out in 36.2 overs 
against the bowling of Eddo 
Brandes (four for 12) and Peter 
Raw-son (four for 21). But it fa in 
Group Two that a captivating last 
week of games seems certain, 
following victories for both the 
United States and Bermuda yes- 
terday which pave the wav for a 
battie to the death between the 
two Atlantic rivals. 

The Netherlands, with five 
wins from five games, are 
favourites to win the section but 
both the United States and 
Bermuda could finish with the 
same number of points and 
rictories as the Dutch if they win 
all their remaining games. 
Bermuda's final fixture with the 
Netherlands at Smethwick next 
Monday will be the crunch game. 
Run rate, on which Bermuda 
currently leads both the Nether- 
lands and the United Slates, 
would then count. 


John Player League 


Egerton partr. Mata^sra 69 (36 2 OwSRt E 

Parsons and Small 10 Ajpiew. 

Essex ID 

NoThantS (5) 

Note (12) 
Somerset (10) 

Kant HO) 

Gifford declared at 335 for 
eighL Warwickshire neatly took 
an opportunity to counter by 
turning the batsmen's caution to 
advantage and. after Potter had 
been caught behind off Kerr, 

Willey was run out, both wickets ?^ ncBs ^*' ,4> 


DenjyihlrB (4) 
Sussex (2) 

going down with the score 25. 
COM ‘ 

jb, who went on to make 78, 

Surrey (17 

Bram»34 lor 12. P W E Bwwcn J tor 21): 
Zimbabwe 90 tar 2 i2l 2 overs). 2tm- 
babwe won Dy e«nt wtcivots. SKwrortdge: 
East Ateea 26? for 8 (60 Overs; S 
WaUistmtu sg g ft SrcntHfl, a Kumw 44. 
V Tarmonamed 41 ran out). Arnenwta 167 
(53.4 overt l Alonso 43; A Kumar S for 
26). East Africa won by 94 runs. Group 
Two: Leamingttu: Hong Kong 144 (54 
ovens. C Cotons S3): Utoted Slates 148 tor 
5 <24.4 owns) Uftffid Stares won Dy 3 
tMCfcm. Sbrtrarabwy: Canada 3Z9 for 6 
(60 overv. p Prasnaa 120. C Netnen 63. F 

Kirmani 57): fcrate 94 [38.3 owns: 0 Sint* 
4 for 34). Cantos won by 235 runs- CM 

Hflt Paoua New Gurnee 381 lor 6 [60 

overt; W Maha n3. CAiwm 43. T Au41); 

ftp 165 (41-2 overs: N Tiana 4 tor 5<fr 

Papua New Guinea won by 195 runs. 

tom - " 

Aston Untry: Gibraltar 143 lor 7 (60 own): 
Bermuda 147 tor 3 127-4 ww. W Rad 






From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Mexico City 

England reached a position urged Wilkins to explode in 
f respectability in the world, uncharacteristic petulance a 
ut could climb no higher, few mintues later, and the 

England reached a position 
of respectability in the world, 
but could climb no higher. 
The nineteenth side to leave 
the competition, they returned 
home yesterday morning car- 
rying with them their heart 
and their character, qualities 
-which remained unbroken 
throughout the lengthy tour of 
seven weeks, as well as some 
credit they collected along the 

Even though the path they 
followed to the last eight in the 
World Cup was wildly erratic, 
that much was predictable. 
Bobby Robson's squad, bound 
together increasingly tightly 
over the last year, was never 
likely to let down either him 
or the nation on their travels 
across Mexico. Nor did they. 

Some may say that they flew 
on the wings of misfortune. To 
some extent, that is justifiable. 

. Lineker's accident in Vancou- 
ver inhibited his opening per- 
formances against Portugal 
and Morocco but his resur- 
gence, which was attained so 
dramatically that he may yet 
'finish as the tournament's 

■A- A — 

leading goalscorer, was in the 
end irrelevant 
The injuries that limited 
. Bryan Robson's contribution 
on the pitch to less than two 
- hours were more significant 
The captain was thought to be 
the one irreplaceable member 
of the team. And there is qo 
doubt that England missed his 
presence, particularly against 
Argentina on Sunday. Yet it 
was after he bad departed that 
the side’s fortunes altered. 

In the second half against 
Morocco, England's resistance 
was admirable and. as it 
turned out, crucial. In the first 
half against Poland, as they 
stood on the edge of the 
deepest embarrassment, they 
responded with an irresistible 
•\ display which suggested that 
* the formation should have 
been 4-4-2 rather than the 
more adventurous, but less 
flexible, 4-3-3 from the start 
. Robson had persuaded him- 
self that a winger was essential 
during the spectacularly suc- 
cessful build-up to the finals. 
Hie naive belief almost 

S oved disastrous. Instead, 
te wrenched his namesake's 
shoulder out of its socket and 

manager was forced to re- 
arrange his thoughts. 

That England eventually 
emerged from the weakest of 
the first-round groups in only 
sccond place did not mailer. 
As the Italians proved four 
years ago. and the Belgians 
have illustrated (semi-finalists 
now; they finished third be- 
hind the hosts), survival dur- 
ing the initial stages is more 
important than the level of 

Robson would, anyway, 
have chosen the route that his 
side took to the second round. 
To meet Paraguay in the 
mighty Azteca stadium was 
the ideal preparation for the 
ordeal that lav ahead. But the 
flaw in England's challenge 
was sure to be exposed sooner 
or later, and it happened to be 
illuminated on Sunday after- 

There is no subsitute for 
quality, as Maradona con- 
firmed in the most memorable 
way. Thai he should score the 
two decisive goals, albeit one 
with the illegitimate use of his 
arm. was merely a bonus. His 
speed, his control and his 
touch throughout the quarter- 
final tie was both terrifying 
and beautiful. 

England's domestic pro- 
gramme. physically by far the 
most demanding in the world 
does not have, room for such 
genius. The League fixture list 
is so unreasonably long and 
arduous that it breeds indus- 
trious workers rather than 
colourful artists. Even the 
likes of Maradona would 
doubtless pale into relative 
insignificance in such circum- 
stances. The rest of the world 
still remains in awe of English 
dubs at play. They are be- 
mused by the unremitting 
pace, the ferocious commit- 
ment and the comparative 
excitement of the matches 
they see on television. But 
such qualities are not so 
relevant on the global stage, 
and particularly in the burning 
heat and the ratified atmo- 
sphere of Mexico. 

Nor does the domestic game 
cater for sophistication. 
Crowds at home are fed a 
steady diet of goalmouth inci- 
dents, of rugged determina- 
tion and of ceaseless running. 
The idea of watching a sweep- 
er tidying up behind a defence, 
of a line of five operating in 
midfield and of a lone figure 
leading the attack would be 
unpalatable to the English 

Peters and Bell 

From David Mflkr, Mean City 

As Brazil go borne; tike a jazz coBeofre stifles other 

f«»wf away tbdr kb 

stromeoB at the end of an iB- 
ntpirt party yon hoped would 
merer end, they haw fax awe 
justification dw lor 

fedinfi they deserved to be in the 
j wnJhiai of the World Cop. 
They hare been not only, with 
France, the most entertaining of 
fffa ms, bat the roost likely to 

create and score goals. They are 

reams- They beat Argentina hr 
Ba rcel ona fear years ago, aj 
the potential fafprintnott q 
that titey wiB&so again to bait 
one hsffm tire ArgenftcuFcuee A 
final for which every neutral is 
hoping. They lack a re*nl*rgaaj 
scorer- Maradona k ware at- 
tnre than in B rntdo n* . 

Maradona: Anns raised again, but this time in celebration after victory over England (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

To compete effectively with 
the elite. England must either 
be adaptable, which they are 
not. or strengthen their unique 
style with outstanding indi- 
viduals. In 1966 and in 1970, 
Banks. Moore and Bobby 
Charlton lifted them above 
the ordinary. Neither Ron 
Greenwood's side in Spain 
four years ago, nor Robson's 
here, contained enough simi- 
larly influential figures. 

ShiltOD maintained his 

place as arguably the best 
goalkeeper in the world, espe- 
cially against the Paraguayans, 
in a tournament that has been 
notable for the high standard 
of the men wearing comically 
large gloves. Lineker, once he 
had recovered from his se- 
verely sprained wrist, also 
enhanced his reputation as a 
marksman of fine precision. 

Sansom, apart from a costly 
moment against PortugaL was 
the epiiomy of consistency 
and Butcher was solidly reli- 
able. Yet too many of 
Robson's chosen men foil 

below requirements in marvellous, but there is no 
England's hoar and a half of point in playing the- "if only' 

need. They were made to pay 
for it by Argentina in general, 
and by their astonishing cap- 
tain in particular. 

* Steven, Hodge and Beards- 
ley, youngsters who had 
played more than an adequate 
role in England's progress; 
Reid, who was not folly fit, 
and, sadly, the gifted Hoddle 
were all found wanting. So was 
Fenwick, thrust at the last 
moment into the central de- 
fensive position that was al- 
ways likely to cause most 

“We did our best," Robson 
said, “and no one can ask for 
more. The players have been 
great tourists, great ambassa- 
dors and a credit to our game. 
Their conduct on and off the 
pitch has been exemplary. We 
have gone out, dubiously, to 
one of the best teams in the 
competition, and there is no 
disgrace in that. 

“If we had reached the semi- 
final, it would have been 

game. Of course Fm not 
happy that Maradona 
punched in their first goal, 
especially since I knew it 
would be crudaL I wish 
Lineker could have done the 
same for us near the end, but 
he wouldn't have thought of 
that, would he?” 

Robson, philosophical in 
his disappointment, was 
equally diplomatic when 
asked whether he was consid- 
ering resignation. “My future 
will be decided not by me but 
by the international 
committee,” he said. Bert 
Miltichip, the chairman of the 
Football Association, later 
stated that he and his col- 
leagues would not be consider- 
ing ending Robson's contract 
which has a year to run. 

Robson himself admitted 
that the opening two years of 
his managerial career had 
been “awkward” and he of- 
fered the thought that the 

Football Association might 
follow the West German ex- 
ample and appoint a successor 
to work alongside him and 
learn the job before taking 
over. That would seem a 
sensible enough suggestion. 

To expect the FA to make 
such a move would be wildly 
optimistic. Yet, unless both 
measures are taken, England 
cannot hope realistically to 
stand on top of the world until 
the final is again staged at 

ENGLAND: P SMtton (Southamp- 
ton); G Stevens' (Barton), K 
Sansom (Arsenal). T- Fenwick 
(Queen's Park Rainers), T Butcher 
(Ipswich Town), T Steven (Everton) 
(sub: J Barnes, Watford), G Hoddle 
(Tottenham Hotspur! P Reid 
(Everton) (sub: C Wadcfie, Totten- 
ham Hotspur), S Hodge (Aston 
Vffla). P Beardsley (Newcastle 
United), G Lineker (Everton). 

ARGENTINA: N Purapido; J 
Cudufto, J Brown, O Rugged, J 
Olarticoechea, fl Giusti, S Batista, J 
Burruchaga (sub: C Tapia), H 
Enrique, 0 Maradona, J Vafctano. 
Referee: A Bennacstf (Tunisia). 

Man in the r© 

of politics — 

From David Miller * 

Mexico Gty 

Ali B enn a cen r, of Tunisia, a 
referee of relative in ternational 
inexperience, was appointed by 
the FIFA referees' committee to 
the World Cap quarter -final 
between England ami Argentina 
because he was neutral. The 
committee was concerned, 
according to Hany Cavan, its 
- chairman from Northern Ire- 
land, not to appoint a European qi.- «. 
or Sooth American to a march ol ^ 

political sensitivity. An Asian or 8 flve " 
an African was the alternative, . . . 

and Bennacenr was considered 
the most suitable available from in , * ; 

The irony of this decision, and Dotsch 
of Benitaceur’s error of omission FIFA 
in not detecting that the first Hnesnn 
goal was scored by Maradona the pai 
with his hand, is that the placed 
selection of the referees for the reasons 
final tournament was made on a the bal 
political basis. A single referee 
was nominated from 36 different Benn 
countries for political diplomacy was m 
because, as FIFA's president, when E 
Joao Havelange, has stated: tested 
“We have to consider the small- handler 
er countries, like it or not.” the Ies 
— . . . here h 

By such arbitrary manoeu- Bambri 
vring, the standard of the World gihh e< 
Cop is diminished, and England critidsi 
and other teams have suffered for Bra 
from the absence of many of the first roi 
best referees in a geographical crossba 
allocation. In defence of line, wi 
Bennacenr, he has had expert- t,i$ (fo 
mice, and was wed rated in a United 

Belgium casting a shadow 

Sleight of hand: the controversial moment when Maradona 
gave Argentina a helping hand in their victory over England 

junior international tournament dency by the inexperienced ref- 
in the Soviet Union last year. He eree to try not to be seen to be in 
could have expected more assis- doubt 

tance from his Knesman, Bogdan ... . . _ 

Dotscbev, of Bulgaria, himself a 

FIFA referee, as are all the substantial smee the 

linesmen who are drawn from ?* cesSlvc / 0 . tll ~ 

the panel of 36. Dotscbev was “8 and obstruction was being 
placed in a not perfect but toteatod, and smne referees, 
reasonable position to have seen such as bandies, or opam, in the 
the ball handled. Argentina-South Korea match, 

were almost overwhelmed- By 

Bennacenr's subsidiary error seCT ^ «™ d '. ° r 

was not to consult Dotscbev intervention had nsen, and the 
when England's defenders pro- 
tested that the bail had been 
handled into the net Several of 
the lesser experienced referees 
here have made this mistake. 

Bam bridge of Australia, an En- 
glish enrarignmt, increased the 
criticism of his denial of a goal 
for Brazil against Spain in the 
first round, when a shot hit the 

y£f\§fo With the game never more in 

jDi J? yy|F need of a world champion with 

WxXT tPm extrovert style and adventure, 

Shilton JMgn the presence of Belgium in the 

tP£ tv jSsaF^ semi-final round hovers like a 

^ A H| forbidding shadow over the 

championship. Belgium’s neg- 
Vi ative contribution to the ad- 

afy vance of the game in the 1980 

If \ \j European championship has not 

jst — jal been forgotten nor forgiven and 

£f if Maradona *!“ of a repeat of that 

W « Maraaona final against West Germany is 

. fluowmw, enough to force Pdc and Bobby 

Charlton to hang up their 

■ Belgium have suddenly 

sill moment when Maradona rediscovered the qualities which 
I in their victory over England 

dency by the inexperienced ref- caJcukuing victory over Spain 

eree to try not to be seen to be In ? uebb 00 

doubt Sunday evening Belgium once 

again looked the master tech- 
The standard has in tact nicians. the prudent counter- 
improved substantially since the punchers — the opponents thm 
first romid, when excessive foul- few want to play, even fewer 
ing and obstruction was being want to watch. Who else in this 
tolerated, and some referees, tournament could have soaked 
such as Sanchez, of Spain, in the up the Spanish fury and still 
Argentina-South Korea match, looked capable of delivering a 
were almost overwhelmed- By knockout? 
the second round, the level of . The penalty shoot-out was 
intervention had risen, and tire ideally suited their cold, assas- 
weaker referees, soch as sin-type temperament. The ex- 
Takada, of Japan, and Marquez, quisite skills of young Michel, of 
of Mexico, had been eliminated. Real Madrid, were enfeebled by 
Until Bennaceur's error there a piece of superior PfefF psychoi- 
had been little in tire second ogy. The veteran Bayern Mu- 

FromClive White, Puebla 

Belgium remind me of a top Belgium are a-cHrkms fbrce, a 

of Mexico, had been eliminated. Real Madrid, were enfeebled by 
Until Bennaceur's error there a piece of superior PfefF psychoi- 
had been little in tire second ogy. The veteran Bayern Mu- 
ronod of quarter-finals to com- nich goalkeeper, who was tire 
p htn about. last person required to pull up 

pull up 
be had 

has been FOho, of Bxazfl, fault- Spa f£* 

i.:* benor lor the previous two 

*• •— *j »■ *— ■ iirsi ranie, nuui ■ sum oh me less in his handling of France- 

es m a geographical crossbar and bounced behind the Soviet Union and Mexico- “g? 

his linesman. Socha. of tire 
United States. There is a ten- 


eliminated, he is the strongest 
candidate for the final. 

while the Spaniard's butterflies 
multiplied. Seconds later the net 
fell on MicheL 

weight handicapper. with no 
form to show of late, but plenty 
of class. Their tale rah on tire 
rails could not have been better 
timed. They qualified for the 
finals by virtue of an away goal 
in a play-off against their great 
Dutch adversaries. 

Even here in Mexico they 
struggled in the easiest group 
after losing their opening game 
against the host. The narrow 
victory over Iraq and the draw 
with Paraguay enabled them to 
scrape through into the second 
round in third place. But as 
Bobby Robson, the England 
manager, stumbled over some 
short-lived success because of 
outside influences so. too, did 
his Belgian counterpart, Guy 

Vandercycken, the vastly 
experienced midfield mainstay 
of Anderlecbt. and his club 
colleague. Vandenberah, one of 
Belgian's most prolific scorers, 
were both forced out of the 
championship last week through 
injury. Their departure opened 
the way back for Renquin. their 
composed defender, and sud- 
denly a better balance was 

Spain, having done more than 
enough to win on points, had to 
wait until the 84th minute when 
an inspired volley from nearly 
30 yards by Senor. a substitute, 
equalized Ceulemans's first-half 
headed goal. But having made a 
huge effort to force extra time 
they had nothing left to give, 
physically or mentally against 
opposition whom they found 
deeply frustrating and unwilling 
to exchange punches head to 
head as Denmark had been. 

mixture of enormous but .dis- 
sident talent constantly at odds 
with one another. There have 
been rumours of brawls within 
the camp and on tire field they 
are quick tosnapatoneanother, 
then in the next instance 
reluctanctly complimenting one 
another like a group of assorted 
individuals doing their best to 
get along. If Thys can keep a 
aiable rouge from tearing itself 
apart for the next few days until 
Wednesday's semi-final meeting 
with Argentina (whom they beat 
in the opening match of. the 
19SZ tournament) Europe's Un- 
likely World Cup triumph will 
be confirmed. But whether or 
not it will be a victory worthy of 
celebration by Europe as a 
whole is another matter. 
BELGIUM; J-M Ptaft E GWetS. M 
Renquin. F Vercaunran, V ‘SCtfo. J 
Ceuiematis, G Grun, N Ctaeseo, □ Veyt (H 
Brant S De Mol, PVarvoort. 

SPAIN: A Zutatrarreta: TomAs (sub: J 
Seta! J" Camacho, Victor, E Butragueflo. 
JuHo-AJborto. R Goflego. Chendo. R 
CaWere. J Salinas (atloW). MicheL 
Referee: S Kirschen (Efist Germany). 

argue about hick in referees, 
but they were ootpUyed for an 
hour by the first good team they 

At the level to which Brazil 
had so rapidly expanded in five 
matches over three weeks , they 
could have been expected to 
defeat, seven times oat of I0 , the 
four reinsuring teams, including 
France, who eliminated them on 
penalties. By contrast, E ngl a nd , 

I believe, weald have been hard- 
pressed to beat any of them four 
times oat of 10, if one may 
reduce probability to sock sim- 
ple terms. 

Argentina always 
calling the tone 

There is an nnmistakeable 
difference between England and 
the others, nwimting some of 
those eCnrinated teams, such as 
Denmark, the Soviet Union, 
Spain and Uruguay, to which I 
have previously referred. It is 
the flexibility which they aH 
have ha their positional play, midfield. England's 
rigidity was particularly ex- 
posed in tint first hour by 

England go home with a 
feeling that they had had Argen- 
tina on the run in the last 20 
minutes, yet that late improv e- 
meat came largely by courtesy of 
Argentina's decision, unwise as 
it was, to st on a two-goal lead, 
thereby surrendering tactical 
initiatives. While the basic plat- 
form of superiority within die 
match was bong disp uted, 
Argentina were always gaffing 
the tune. 

The likelihood woakl be that 
against most of the better half- 
dozen imhk, England would 
experience the same problem; 
Whether the more positive ones* 
such as Brazil, France, Rnssm 
and Denmark, or foe oonlaininc 
teams such as Bulgaria, Spain, 
Uruguay and Italy. 

This is not to say that En^sh 
football is inherently inferior, 
only that, as Bobby Robson 
admitted after defeat, the style 
in which football is played in the 
Football League inhibits foe 
international team in foe World 
Cup environment, gngfend will 
always be . likely, with tbefr 
direct style, to dispose of lesser 
teams 6y several goals,' and they 
did in establishing their 
misleadingly successful record 
over the past year. Against : 
teams which do not let than get 
at the ball, such as Argentina, 
they will tend to Struggle. 

It is mo accident that the teams 
who have reached the senri- 
finah are these. West Germany, 
who arrived in some disarray, 
are in foe semi-finals for the 
seventh time in nine com- 
petitions, not because they pro- 
duce anything like as many 
owstand * players as, say, 
Brazil or Yugoslavia, but be- ; 
cause their domestic football is 
performed at such a consistently | 
high level of tactical and meatal 
coord ina tioa. Two victories, two I 
finals, three semi-finals and two ; 
quarter-finals' with one of those ; 
senn-finals stiO to be played, is | 
unassailable evidence. I should 
have known better than to doubt 
them at the start. 

Belgium, fortunate to have 
beaten Spain os penalties and 
also possibly foe best Russian I 
sidewe have sees, with two goals 
which smelled of offside, yield 
only to Italy and Uruguay iathe / 
efficiency with which their - 

md, a repeat of the European 
final of 1988, WKdd IbO^. 
size «U lessees. The a&egtd 
iuvtett ifty of South flmnifni 
teams when foe tiwmtmHd fc 
staged west of the Atlantic- fa 
overstated. Only three South 
Americans compare with foe 
best dozen fax Europe, and 
Argentina sh o uld have been 
beaten at home a> 1978 by 
Hofland. As aB-Europcm final 

now would d em o nst r a te no 

at power, only that Brazfl and 
Argentina ran out of luck oa the t 
day, the way Russia hi - w 

And England too, you might 
srgne. That is more cenfentians. 

The premise that foe first goal ta 
any matrix » often decisive and 
can condition foe scoring of a 
second is true fax collective play, 
but not in the i ns ta nce of a 
supreme imfirideal goal such as 
Maradona's when he eluded 
Beardsley, Reid, Botcher , Fen- 
wick and Shilton; thawing 
Shilton on to the bafl and going 
round hfaa with lyrical tbnog 
and balance. 

On Robson's own admissiou, 
during a hag Press conference 
which he handled with dignity 
and intelfigeaceoa a disappoint- 
ing afternoon, England were 
outmanoeened m midfield by a \(k 
team playing, as most here have 
been, a 3-5-2 formation. As 
Robson said, Argentina's nod- 
field can afl pass, dribble, and 
. move forw ar d. Flexibility- En- 
gland lookeifabout as flexible as 
a sliding door, especially foe 
back four, who had so much 
possession and knew not what to 
do with it 

in midfield 

- The tnuEtiesal way for En- 
glish footteflera to get out of a 
Jam is to hit a long ball, and 
hope. The successful teams here 4 
are playing their way out of a 
jam with a sequence of fluid 
triangles. The system can be 
seen at one dob in England: 
West Bul .* 

Not one of foe semi-finalists 
plays with a winger. Muller was 
often wide for Brazil, and 
Iittharski is for Germany; mod- 
ern defensive organization has 
kflfed the genuine winger. Ram- 
sey snmzitoneonsly discovered 
that truth and propagated it 
The ' so b er ing Ihuiglit is that if 
England had started against 
Argentina -with Barnes orWad- 
dle, they would probably have 
■lost by more than 2-1. There is 
the paradox that Hoddle can 
exploit a winger, hot himself 
becomes tactically vulnerable in 
a team usrag a winger. Even in a 
midfield fine of four on Sunday, 
he was now smothered and mute. _ 

It is no surprise that foe two ^ 
meat players of the tournament 
Platini and Maradona, bath 
operate, in qmte different ways, 
from midfield, and stifl score 
goals. Neither Robson nor any 
fixture England manager will 
achieve better results until En- 
glish football starts producing 
more players like Lerby, 
Ameses, Fernandez, Magath, 
Gonfillo and Ceutemans. We 
had three of them 16 yeaxs ago: 
Bobby Charlton, Martin Petes 
and Colfax BeU. 

Stmday’s results 



y «oro^ toa0/BBW 1-1: Betgajm win 



* H , 

Combined final page 39 

LV Ol- 734 VOSS open dally 
JLOS Inc Sun. treducM raw 
Sun, m ill 1.461 SUMMER EX- 
IIMITiaM S2-AO . £1,60 
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scuumm woo*, czjm. 

ra **' « booUtoB Ol 

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Jime-lt July. Mon-Frt 9JO-. 



Senna’s work just beginning 

Ayrton Senna's victory in the 
Detroit Grand Prix oo Sunday 
at the wheel of his Renault- 
‘ powered JPS Lotus could turn 
' out to be the most significant 
result of the Brazilian’s season. 
Although his success through 
the streets of Motown has taken 
him back to the top of the 
championship table by a margin 
of three points over the cham- 
pion, Alain ProsL and seven 
over Nigel ManselL Senna 
knows that he and his team will 
have to work hard if they are to 
remain there. 

Detroit, like Monaco, is a 
relatively slow street circuit. It 
provided the second and prob- 
ably the final opportunity of the 
year not to worry about fuel 
consumption (most cars would 
have started the race with less 
than full tanks). 

From now on. though, with 
the grand prix circus moving on 
■to the faster tracks, feel ef- 
ficiency will return as a big 
fector influencing success or 
failure. Renault have not been 
able to match the power- 
consumption ratio of either the 
Honda engine used by Williams 
or -the TAG Porsche of 
McLaren, although they would 
appear to be closing the gap. 

- Senna, therefore, is in a 

By John Blunsden 

dilemma. He is probably at his 
brilliant best on medium-to-fest 
circuits, yet these are where he is 
obliged to back off in order to 
conserve fuel. He is unlikely to 
have a better opportunity than 
Sunday's to pick up nine 
championship points. 

For the next race, the French 
Grand Prix at Paul RicarxL help 
may be coming Senna's way 
from an unlikely quarter — the 
Frenc h motoring federation 
fFFSA). They are paying for the 
circuit modifications being 
made after the death of Elio de 
Angeli5 while testing there last 

The changes not only lop a 
third off the lap distance, which 
becomes 2.36 miles: they elimi- 
nate a lot of full-throttle run- 
ning. Although the number of 
laps will be increased to com- 
pensate, the new-look Ricard is 
likely to make the French Grand 
Prix less thirsty, which will suit 

The Detroit race was notable 
for the performance of the 
constantly improving Ligier 
learn, for whom Ren<& Arnoux 
and Jacques Laffitc (at 42 the 
elder statesman of grand prix 
drivers) took turns in the lead 

(at one stage they were running 
first and second). Arnoux 
proved again that the wall-lined 
Detroit circuit is an unforgiving 
p|ace if you get off line. He left 
his car with a wheel hanging off 
a little way past Nelson Piquet’s 
Williams, which had been aban- 
doned in a similar slate after 
crashing when in the lead. 

Laffite went on to finish 
runner-up to Senna after a drive 
which combined flair and polish 
and thoroughly justified his 
sixth place in the championship. 
If he were to win a grand prix in 
what is expected to be his final . 
season in Formula One. he 
would be applauded from one 
end of the pit road to the other, 
such is the popularity of this : 

Lotusl Itir 5lmin 12£47 mc. 2. J Lama 1 
(Fr. Ugwl 1:51:48,084; 3. A Prost (Fr. 
McLaren). 151W 671: 4. M Afaoreno ftt 
Ferrari). 1:52:43.783.- 5. N Manse* (GB. 
Witfcajns). 1 lap behind; fi. R Palrese {It 
Brabham), same ttne. Other British 
Pa&ner (ZakapeecQ. same tm* ift D 
Warwick (Brabham), 3 laps; ZI.MBruntfe 
(TyrreHL 48 bos. 

(after aevan rounds): 1. Senna. 36pta: 2, 
Prqst. 33: 3. Marsak 29: 4, N Piquet IBr. 
WfflianraL 19: 5. K RoGberg (Fm. 
McLaren). 14; 6. Laffitfi, 13; 7, S 
Johansson (Swe, F«rarr) 7 

Bullimore’s Apricot 
takes third place 

From Barry Kckthall, Newport, Rhode Island 

v W ■ 

Tony Bullimons and his 
American crewman Walter 
Greene, sailing the trimaran 
Apricot, reached Newport. 
Rhode Island, at 13.44 local 
time yesterday to take third 
place overall, and finish first in 
their class in the Cartsberg two. 
handed transatlantic race, with a 
total elapsed lime of IS days 6hr 

44 min. 

As race officials waited for 
Bullimore's arrival, the French- 
man. Loic Caradec. whose 8Sft 
catamaran. Royale. set a 30-day 
six-hour record for the 3.00d- 
miJe voyage on Saturday, began 
preparing his wing-masted craft 
for a crack at the west-east 
Atlantic record from Sandy 
Hook Light, off New York, to 
the Lizard. 

The current best time of eight 
days and 10 hours is held by 
fellow Frenchman. Patrie 
Morvan. and was set two years 
ago, shortly before his 60ft 
OUier-designed catamaran. Jet 
Services, collided with a tree 
trunk and sank while leading the 
last single-handed transatamic 

. Caradec is confident that 
Royale.. which covered 486 
miles in one spectacular 24-hour 
period during a race from 

Quebec to St Mario, can reduce 
Morvan's mark by a significant 
margin. "This boat is very, very 
fast. She has -done 23 knots 
under wing-mast alone and we : 
can lower the record by one or i 
even two days if we have good 
following winds,” he said 


Baltimore also has his sights 
on Morvan's crown, and plans 
to team up with fellow Bristo- 
lian. Dag Pike, Richard 
Branson’s navigator on the Vir- 
gin Atlantic Blue Riband Chal- 
lenger. But these two cannot set 
out until later in the year after 
Bull i more has completed the 
Route Du Rhum transatlantic 
race from St Malo to 
Guadeloupe: ■■ 

Position reports yesterday 
from some of the 37 remaining 
entries in the Carisberg race 
showed Robin Knox-Johnston's 
British Airways I to be 
maintaining fourth place; 300 
miles from the finish. 

• America's skipper. Gary 
Jobson. won the Liberty Cup 
match-race championship m 
New York harbour on Sunday 
after winning 10 races in this 
international round-robin se- 




A nSderar^o/pcwtkifw In Education appeto every Monciay 




Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

6.00 Ceetax AM. 

6.50 Breakfast Time with 
Selina Scott and Guy 
Michelmore. Weather at 
6-55, 7.25, 7.55, 8.25 and 
835; regional news, 
weather and traffic at 6.57. 
737.737 and 837; 
national and international 
news at 7.00, 730, 3.00, 
830 and 9.00; World Cup 
and Wimbledon reports at 
7.15 and 8.1S; and a 
review of thB morning 
newspapers at 8.37. Plus, 
the junior and adult 
'phone-in Advice Lines: 
gardening advice from 
Alan Tftcnmarsh: and a 
recipe from Glynn 

930 The Goode Kitchen. 
Shirley Goode prepares 
another inexpensive dish, 
(r) 9.35 Ceefax 1030 Ray 
School. 10.50 Ceefax. 

1.05 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore, 
includes news headlines 
with subtitles 135 
Regional news and 
weather. 1.30 
Fingermouse. (r) 

1-45 Wimbledon 86. introduced 
by Steve Rider. Martina 
Navratilova begins the 
%, defence of her Ladies' 

* Singles crown against the 

Australian, G Tingweil. on 
the Centre Court. 4.12 
Regional news. 

4.15 Laurel and Hardy, in a 
cartoon, Riverboat 
Detectives. 430 Dastardly 
and Muttley. Cartoon 
series, (r) 435 Wacky 
Races, ir) 4.35 Think of a 
Number. Johnny Ball 
explores science and 
numbers in a lighthearted 
manner, (r) 

5.00 John Craven's 
Newsround 5.10 We Are 
the Champions. Inter- 
school field and pool 
events competition, 
presented by Ron 
Pickering from 

a Bishopbrrggs Sports 

v Centre. Strath keivin 

District. The schools 
taking part rfi this fourth 
heat are Royal High 
School. Edinburgh. Largs 
Academy and 
Bishopbnggs High School. 

535 World Cup Report 

introduced by Bob Wilson 
and Emiyn Hughes. A 
preview of tomorrow's 
semifinal matches. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

6.35 London Plus. 

7.00 Terry and June. Terry rs in 
a bit of a pickle when, 
irked by a junior member 
of his fimn s boast that he 
has a satellite dish, he lets 

^ it known that he. too. has 

one. and is immediately 
volunteered to provide 
viewing faciii' es for a 
foreign visitor. (r) 

7.30 EastEnders. Angie allows 
Wicksy and his mates to 
hc:c auditions for their 
band m me Queer. Vic. 
Those that attend turn out 

be a mixed bu"ch. 
including an ageing rock 
r roller. Johnny 
Eathauake (played by 
G B Zoot Money). 

8.00 international Boxing from 
Caesar's Palace. Las 
Vecas. A repeat of the 
bout shown live early this 
mcrn/ng between me 
Featherweight Champion 
of the World. Barry 
McGu'can. and Sieve 
Crjz. the commentator is 
Ha my Carpenter. 

8.50 Points of View. Barry 
Took rakes another d«p 
in;c the BBC's postbag. 

9.00 News witn Julia SomeFville 
and John Humphrys. 

9.30 'Alio 'Alio. Rene is again 
Lpse: by Fairfax's and 
Carstans s latiura to 
escape, ar-o tv his wife's 
ms-.stenre on piaymg me 
role ot a nch widow. «rj 

10.00 Miami Vice. Crockett and 
Tubos jsm fo’ces with an 
old Vietnam War buddy, 
wrc asks them to help him 
track Jown a drugs 
trafficker known as The 
General. Starrong Don 
Johnson ana Philip 
Michael T homas (Ceefax) 

10.50 Wimbledon 86. Desmans 
Lynam 'Rtroduccs the 
?.4aTcn of tha second Day. 

>1.50 Weether. 

Good Morning Britain 
presented by Nick Oven 
and Jayne Irving. News 
with Gordon Honeycombe 
at 630, 7.00, 7.30, 3.00, 

8.30 and 9.00; financial 
news at 6.35; sport at 
6.40, 730 and 830; 
exercises at S.55; cartoon 
at 735; pop video at 735; 
Jenl Barnett's postbag at 
835; Joyce Ditzler on the 
Minnesota method of 
treating drug addiction at 
9.03; and comment on a 
cure for a child with 
arthritis at 9.12. 

935 Themes News headlines 
followed by Struggle 
Beneath the Sea. A 
damselfish defends Its 
coral reef home against 
intruders 935 The 
Saddlers Craft A 
documentary about 
saddle-making. 1030 
Alfred G Grsebner 
Memorial High School 
The problems that can 
face a girl attending a High 
School in the United 
States 11.25 Home 
Cookery Club. Barbecued 
Fish Kebabs, (r) 

1130 About Britain. The first of 
four programmes tracing 
the history of the Channel 

12.00 Cockleshell Bay. Seaside 
adventures of the Cockle 
twins. For the very young 
12.10 Rainbow. Learning 
made fun with puppets. (0 
1230 The Sullivans. 
Drama serial about an 
Australian family during 
thB Forties. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thames news 
130 Tucker’s Witch. The 
first of a new series about 
a young husband and wife 
private detective team. 
Starring Catherine Hicks 
and Tim Matheson. 

230 Family Matters. 
Tommy Walsh talks about 
his criminal record, 
followed by interviews with 
his parents. 3.00 
Moutirtrap. Game show 
presented by Don Madsen 

3.25 Thames news 
headlines 3.30 The Young 
Doctors. Medical drama 
serial set in a large 
Australian city hospital. 

4.00 Cockleshell Bay. a repeat 
of the programme shown 
at noon 4.10 The 
Moomins. narrated by 
Richard Murdoch. (r)4.20 
Sooty, presented by 
Mtthew Carbett 435 
Wcody Woodpecker. 
Cartoon 435 Splash. 
Magazine programme for 
young people. 

5.15 Star Choice. Astrology 
game presented by 
Russalf Grant with Katie 
Boyle. Eve Pollard and 
Roger deCourcey. 

535 News with Carol Bames 

5.00 Thames news. 

635 Reporting London. 

Lindsay Charlton 
investigates a 
controversial Danish 
slimming pill: and there is 
a look at the high pressure 
life on the country 's top 
Performing Arts degree 

7.00 Emmerda'e Farm. Amos 
Breariy offers to help Seth 
when he is in trouble with 
his wife. 

7.30 Duty Free. Comedy series 
about two couples on 
holiday in Spain, (r) 


6.00 You’ve Gotta Have Heart. 
Entertaining advice on 
how to avoid heart trouble, 
presented by Miriam 

9.00 Film; Little G!oria..Happy 
at Last ( 1 982) The second 
and final part of the made- 
for-television biography of 
the life of the young Gloria 
Vanderbilt Directed by 
WEris Hussein, (continues 
after the news) 

10.00 News at Ten with Martyn 
Lewis and Pamela 

10.30 Film: Little Gloria-Happy 
at Last continued. 

11.20 Cher at Caesar’s Palace. 
Char Bono in concert at 
Las Vegas. 

12.25 Night Thoughts. 

Ruth H: 

,Ray Mil land; The 
Channel 4, 9pm 

•Sport and a spooky old film 
apart, it's yet another humdrum 
day on television. Another of 
those days. too. when your radio 
set is sitting there practically 
pleading to be switched on so 
that it can prove to you, m 
case it might have slipped your 
notice, that radio bulletins 
and the weather forecast are not 
the staples of radio and that 
there is a whole new world out 
there waiting to be admitted 
lo your ears if only you are 
prepared to take the trouble 
to listen. 

Sportswlsa on TV. there is 
Navratilova beginning the 
defence of her fide in 
WIMBLEDON 86 (BBC1. 135 
and 10.50pm: and BBC2, 

1 .35pm). And if you were too 
exhausted to stay up until 
1 ,00am this morning to watch the 
BBC1 transmission of the 

McGuigen v Cruz fight from 
Caesars Palace in L2S Vegas, 
there is another chance to see it 
tonight(3BCl. 8.00). 

The spooky tale I mentioned 
at the start is Lewis Alien's THE 
UNINVITED (Channel 4. 
9.00pm).Memory might play me 
false, but I could oracucatty 
swear that it left me leclina so 
shaken that J was reluctant to 
go up the stairs to bed on the 
night I saw it back in 1 943 In 
a cinema era when apparitions 
usually turned out to be 
nothing worse than wicked 
cousins trying to give aged 
relatives a hear* attack so that 
they could cheat them out of 
their inheritance, it was 
damnably unsettling to sir in 
the one and nine pen mas end be 

tcid that there actually are 
such things as ohosts.Tha only 
mistake The Uninvfted made 
was to shew the ectoplasmic 
mam testations 

•To return to today's radio, 
there are too many good things 
to itarmse here, so you must 
consult me listings elsewhere on 
this page, out i would 
especially point you towards the 
Edinburgh Traverse 
Company's production or John 
(FadiO 3.7.30pm) which begins 
as rumbusiuous comedy arid 
then does a somersault and 
becomes a morality play 
about ins civilizing impact of La 
Seremssima and the manifold 
virtues of leading a peaceful and 
rower-free life. 

Peter Davalle. 

BBC 2 




Open University: Science - 
Rats and Super Rats. 

Ends at 730 

Wimbledon 86 introduced 
by Steve Rider. Ladies' 
Singles matches from the 
Centre and Number One 
courts with reports from 
matches on the outside 
courts and interviews with 
the principals. The 
commentators are Dan 
Maskeli. John Barrett. 
Gerald Williams, Mark 
Cox. BillThreltaJi. Ann 
Jones and Virginia Wade. 
Whistle Test Mark Ellen is 
in Greenwich Village to 
meet the new folk singing 
sensation. Suzanne Vega: 
Richard Skinner talks to 
Steve Winwood; in the 
studio, Andy Kershaw 
introduces Paul Blake and 
the Blood fire Posse. Let’s 
Active, and Martin 
Stephenson and the 
Daintees. At the Town and 
Country Club, the 
House martins are in 

Film: Summerfikrid (1977) 
starring Nick Tate and 
John Waters. This thriller, 
continuing the season of 
films from Australia, 
concerns a schoolteacher 
who takes up an 
appointment in a small 
town and is disturbed to 
discover that his 
predecessor disappeared 
without trace, and even 
more unnerved by the 
townspeople's total 
apathy to the mystery. He 
decides to make some 
investigations himself and 
he finds the path leading 
to a very private family 
living at Summerfield 
Fa mi. Directed by Ken 

The Birdsvitle Races. A 
special day in the life of a 
remote Australian outback 
town when the town's 30 
inhabitants are swelled by 
3.000 visitors for the 
annual races, (r) 
Nevisnight The latest 
national and international 
news, inluding extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by Peter Snow. 
Donal MacCormlck and 
Olivia O'Leary. 


Open University: Knottiey 
Fields - My Door Is Always 
Open. Ends at 12.20. 

Lesley Judd: Pets in Particular. 
Channel 4. 530pm 

2.15 Their Lordships’ House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. 

230 Ulster Landscapes. This 
ninth programme in the 
series on the peaceful side 
of Ulster life examines the 
changes that have taken 
place in Belfast's 
townscapes over the past 
three decades, (r) 

3.00 Film: Eyes in the Night' 
(1942) starring Edward 
Arnold as a blind detective 
who discovers a Nazi plot 
while investigating the 
murder of the former lover 
of a scientist. Directed by 
Fred Zinnemann. 

430 Dancin’ Days. Weekday 
serial about a Brazilian 
woman trying to re-adjust 
to Rio de Janeiro society 
after being released tram 
prison after serving anil 
year sentence. 

5.00 Bewitched. Tabatha loses 
her toy flying saucer and 
dotty Aunt Clara tries to 
make it materialise only to 
bring a real spacecraft 
complete with a crew of 

530 Pets in Particular. The 
first in a new series 
presented by Lesley Judd. 
Today's subjects include a 
look at Crufts and the 
Kennel Club: the question 
of whether or not pets 
should be vegetarian; and 
pet fostering. (Oracle) 

630 The Vanishing Tribes of 
Africa. The third and final 
programme of the senes. 
The way of life of the 
Karamdjong before they 
were decimated during Idi 
Amin's rule, (r) 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Pater Sissons and Atastair 
Stewart includes a report 
on the tasks facing the 
new general managers in 
the re-shaped National 
Health Service. 

7-50 Comment from Derryck 
Ward, vice-chairman of 
Families for Defence. 

8.00 Brookslde. Sheila has an 
intimate conversation with 
Mo and discovers who 
sent her the threatening 
letter; and Ruth seems to 
have a good reason to 
prevent her father 
marrying Heather. 

8.30 Moneyspinner. presented 
by AHson Mitchell from the 
City Hall, Hull. Among the 
subjects discussed is the 
setting up of your own 
business. With Douglas 
Motfitt. Paul Soper and 
Sally Hawkins 

9.00 Film: The Uninvited' 

(1944) starring Ray Miliand 
and Ruth Hussey. A chiller 
about a brother and sister 
who buy a Georgian house 
on the English coast 
When thev move in their 
dog refuses to climb the 
stairs - the first of. a series 
of mysterious occurrences 
Directed by Lewis Alien 
(see Choice) 

10.50 The Unrepeatable Who 
Dares Wins...Highlights 
from the successful late- 
night alternative comedy 

11.20 Archie Bunker’s Place. 
Murray's new love is 
driving Barney round the 

11.50 Their Lordships' House. 
Highlights from the day's 
proceedings in thB House 
of Lords. Ends at 12.50. 

c Radio 4 ~) 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


5.55 Shipping. 6.00 News Bnefing. 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

635 Prayer is). 

630 Today, ind 6.30. 7.SC. 

8.30 News. 635 
Business News 6.55,7.55 
Weatner. 7.00. S.00 
News. 7.20 Letters. 7.25, 

8.25 Sport 735ThC‘Ughi 
far me Day. 8.35 fester day 
in Pa rliam e nt . 8 J57 
Weather; Travel 

9.0G News 

9.05 Tuesday Cel!: 01-580 
4411 Listeners express 
their views, ana question 
expens on a sublet of 
current interest. 

10.00 News: Prom our Own 
Correspondent. Life and 
politics abroad reported by 
BBC loreign 

10.30 Morning Story: Rigoletto. 
Allegretto by Kathanne 
Nicholas. Reader: Moir 

1035 Daily Service (New ever* 
morn mq . Page 97 ) ( s). 

11.00 News: Travel; Thiny- 
Mmule Theatre. Full 
Falhom Five, by Michael 
Robson. With Hugh 
Dickson, Ingrid Halner and 
Trevor Nichols in the 

casi rs). 

11.33 The Living World Roger 
Wo r s 'ey guides Derek 
Jones across the river frem 
which the Stonehenge 
biuestones came. 

12.00 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Fame Cotdwell. 

1237 Brain ot Britain 1986. 

General knowledge 
contest Second round. 
London (s). 12.55 
Weather: Travel. 

1.00 The World at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 1.55 


2.00 News; Woman s Hour j 

With Sue MacGregor. 

330 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Special Subiect. by 
Melville Jones, w.m Karan 
JonesJohn Church. Ian 
Lindsay and Julian Firth. 

4.00 News. 

4.05 The Local Network Paul 
Hemey. with the help of 
BBC Local Radio stations, 
looks at a subiect of 

RRfl WALES. 5-35-6.00pm 
SSiti. wales Todav. 6OS-7.Q0v»crtj ! 
CupPnpon 9.30-10. DO The Comets 
Crusaae. 11.50-11.55 News and weather 
SCOTLAND. 1D.2O-1O.30sm 
Domman 6.25-7.Mpm Reporting Scot- 
5.40pm Today's Sport. 5.40-6.00 Inside 
Ulster. (L35-7.D0 World Cup Report 
900-10.00 Sroriigm Special - Divorce 
Tha People D&ciae. 11.50-11.55 
N*v* and weamer. ENGLAND. 6.35- 
7 JOpci Regional news magazines 

C3C Si ins. 1.00pm Da non' Davs 
■■ ■- 1.30 Alice ZOO Flalebalem 2.15 
Interval 3.10 Sons of ADraham 2.50 
An Englishman s Home 4.20 EdiWcned 
5X0 7 vrto 5X0 Car 54 . where Are 
You" 6.00 Famer s Day 6.30 
Monevspinner 7.00 Mewyddion S»m» 

7 JO Cein Gwlad B OO Scarlet Letter 9.00 
Chaieauva'lon i0.00 Tun® to Care 
»i 00 r nm. Refuge 1 2.45am Closedown 

GRAMPIAN Lopdnnea : 

cent. 9 -30am Once 

Upon a Time Man 9.55 Sesame 
Sir eel io JO Short Storv Tneatre 11.15- 
IIXDTne Smurfs 12.30pm-i.00 Gar- 
dening Time 1.2c News 130-200 New 
A.'pngars 5.15-5.45 EmmerJale Faim 

6.00 Nonn Tonight 6.35 Crossroads 7X0- 
7.30 Me and My Girt 8.00 Hotel 5.00- 

10.00 Bndeshead Revi&ied 10.30 Film 
Disappearance ot Aaaria Cnamper- 
lam 12.40am News. Closedown 

CENTRAL As London except 

I n^L. g 2Sbb , Blockbusters 

9.5B Film- The Birthday Preienl 
11-25-11-30 Home Cookery 12.30pm- 

1.00 Gardening Time 1.20 News 

1 -30-2XC Afternoon PUvhouSfl 5.15-5,45 
OH me Rack 6 DO Crossroads 6X5- 

7.00 Nflms S.00-10.00 BrideshcOd Rews- 
■ieu 10.30 Fihn Disappearance ol 
*23ria Cnambenain 12.40am Closedown 

430 Kaleidcscopa Another 
chance to hear las: 
night's edition of the arts 

5.00 PM: News magazine. 

530 Snipping. 5.55 

6XO News: financial Report. 

6.30 Comedy Playhouse. 
Departures by Chns 
Curry. With Robert Keegan 
as the retired worker iri 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

730 Fie on 4. 

a. CO Medicine Now. Geoff 
watts on lhe nealth of 
medical care. 

8.30 Tne Tuesday Feature: 
Cowboy! Christopher 
Frayting with me second of 
two recorded 
compilations reflecting the 
contemporary life and 
umes ei tr.e American 
cowboy. Tonight: Back at 
the Ranch 

9.00 In Touch. News, views 
and iniorma'jon lor 
people with a visual 

933 A Sideways Look 

At . . by'Anihony Smith. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment or. 

Rebecca West ? Sunflower, 
and the fum The Running 

10.15 A Bock at Bedtime. Still 
Life by Richard Cobb (7). 
Reader: Cunt Luckham. 

10.29 Weather. 

10.30 The World Tonight. 

11.15 Tna Financial World 

11.30 Today m Parliament. 

12.00 News: Weather. 12.33 


VHF (available m England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except. 5.55-6.C0am Weather. 
Travel. 1.55-2-COpm 
Listening Comer. 5.50-5.55 
PM (continued). 11.30- 
12.10am Open University: 

11.30 Open Forum- 
Students Magazine. 11.50 
Behind the Lines. 12.30- 
1.10 Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: Airtime for 
proarammes affected by 
transmitter breakdown 
earlier in me term. 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 listings. 

6.55 weather. 7.00 Maws 

YORKSHIRE *sLweon*«- 

r wrmciriinc C€ , r 9 25am Jayce 

and me Wheeled Warnc** 9.50 para 
10.45 Short glory Theatre rt .95-11-30 
Cabiam Scart-t I2.30pm-i.90 defen- 
der Lunchrme Live i JO fie.-.-s 1 JO Hors- 
es tor Courses 2.O9-2J0 Leave II to 
Mrs O Srien 3.20-4.00 Covmn- “ractice 
5.15-5.45 Whasa Baty’ G.DO tXiien- 
oai 5.55-7.00 Crossroads 4.00 Outcv 
5.00-10.00 B'lSesresd PevyieS 
■JQ.3C Fiirr, P.secoee’anreoi Azana 
Cr-anTDertain 12.40am Cosedcuvr. 

CHANNEL Lorflenesoepr 

u : rw L;. l !£ i : 9.2£am Seiarre Slreei 
10 30 The Plank 1.20pm Nen ; :.30 
CC'U'i:.-, Pracure 5.15-5.45 Suns arc 
D iuaniF's 6.00 Cna-.-e' Re port 
Goes French 6.35-7.00 C-os 5 roacs 9.03- 

10.00 Pridesheaa ^ev.siie; 10.30 
Cisarceeran^ of 4;ana Cha^bertan 

12.20am Cicisedouvn 

BORDER L0hrt.snfv-^C! 

■ 9J5em St same Sheer 

10.30- 1’. 30 Tana" 1 20pm Mews 

1.30- 2J0 Ricnoe 3.30-4.00 Sorsenc 
Daugmen 5.15-5.45 Ms 3na Wv Gin 

6 -OO’LOPkarSeinc 1 5.35-7 .00 C’PSsr«0S 

8.00 H:t-l 9J0-10.C0 3r-de;head 
Rewseec 10.30 Fam- Disepsearanre pi 
4:a:>a Champerfatn 12.40am 

TVS 4s Lonacm -rcepi S.26em 
-- ° Sesame Stu-ei I0.3d-n.50 The 
Plank i.20pm r;a^s 1.33-2.30 Coun- 
|ry P'artce 5.15-5.45 Sons ard Oaogh. 
re-s 6.00 C ws: » Cost: 6.23 Pc noe 
5 6.35-7.0C Jro?s.-paD5 9 OO-'.D CO 
Bnoeaheac Re-isireo 1C.3C c >im- 
Disappearance :» Aza-ia Cnantwriam 
iSJCom Compans.C:oseeo.-.r. 

7.05 Ccn-en. CPE Bs;h 
(Symphony in E. Wq 1 82 
No 6). Schoenberg [Cello 
C-oncarto in D. Yo Yc 

f 4a soloist). Brahms (Vcn 
ewiger bebe: Norman . 
soprano). Mezen (Symphony 
.NO 33) 8.00 News 

3.05 Concert (con-d): Rossini 
(Silken Ladoer overiurei. 
Michael Haydn (Concertino 
in D:- Cfevenger.hom). 

Gei|er (Prano Quartet in E 
minor, wrm Negro.piano). 
S.C0 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Sibeiius Anoso. Ob 3 
(with Flagstad, soprano). 

Four Legends. Op 22. 
including Lemminkamen and 
the Maidens of 
Saan(Philadelphia Orchestra 
under Qrmandy) 

10.00 Lesi’e Howard: piano 
recital. Balakirev 
(Scherao No 2). Borodin 
IPetne Suite; Scherzo). 
Rubinstein (Sonata No 1) 

10.55 Northern Smlonia: 

Mozart (Symphony No 
12}. Sibelius ‘.Rakastava 
smte). Mart mu (Smtoma 

concerts rue) 

1130 Brahms and Suk: Edith 
Pememamv violin). 

Gordon Back 1 piano).. 
Brahms (Sonata No 2 in 
A. Op 100) .and Suk (T.vci 
Pieces Op 17.N05 3 and 

12.20 Bnlrsh music: BBC 

Philharmonic, conducted 
by Bnan Pnest man. with 
Joan Rodgers 
(sopranol.°art one Patnc 
Standiord (Symphony No 

51. 1.00 News 

1.05 British music tcontd): 

Moeran (Svmphony in G 

1.55 Guitar encores Stepan 
Rak plays some ol his 
own works, mdudmg The 
vying guitar. The first 
love, and The last disco. 

2.30 Franc's Bur; and other 
Emigres: Capricorn and 
Vienna Octet in works bv Gal 
1 Serenade. 0c 

93!. Welles:: (Octet. Op 67) 
and Burt (Faniasmaqoria. 
15631. This is the second of 
three programmes 

4.00 Hartley "T no: Haydn (Trip 
■n A. H XV 9). and Ravel 
(A minor Piano Tno). 4.55 

5.00 Mainlv tor Pleasure - a 
selection ol recorded 
music .presented by Graham 

6.30 New London Consort, 
sacuiar songs and 
instrumental music from Italy 
and France in the early 

7.00 Frank Martin: Berlin PO 
play The Tempest 
overture, and Antonioli 
wuhTunn PC Disyfhe 
Piano Concerto No 1 

7.30 Lc-sing Venice: 

Edinburgh Traverse 
Company, with David 
Rinioul. in John Ctittord’s 
play. Cast also includes 
Bernaro Doherty.Carol 

Ann Crawford. Simon Donald 
and Ralph Riachi see 

9-00 Melos Quartet of 

Stuttgart. Haydn (Quartet 
in □ minor. Op 76 No 2). 
Zemsiinsky 'CKianet No 
3}. Dvorak (Quartet m A flat. 
Ob 105) 

10.30 Paul Patterson; firsi 
performance ot Sfabat 
Mater. With BBC Welsh SO. 

GRANADA ** L <’ n *’n e*'- 

Reports 9 30 Film- gndal Pa;n (Bin 
Travers; 11.00 Gran ioe Rerwrs 11.05 
APCut Smair- 11.30 C-cnneci’ons 
11.55-12.00 Gfancda Reports i.20pm 
G-acada Rfxns V30 Ahemt-on 
Thf am 2J3 Grarada Rooms 235 Fam- 
•iv Manerr 3.00 Snort Su-rv Th^aire 
5.15-5.45 D'*: rent ~iro«es 6.00 Grenada 
Reccrts S J33 Trirt j Your nnjn: 6.35- 
7.0C C'Mv?aes S.0C- 1 0.00 Snis snaaa 
Reiisitei 10^0 Film CisaaDearanu 
pi Aians Cn a mpenam 1240 Close 

KTV WEST Lpnccne*- 

9.25am Mcaj. 

Si-jccfe Eenearr- i-e i^>a 9 53 Sum 
S:srv Tnea're 1020 Abi’iiy Is lA'hcre » ou 
LCCk For 11 10.45 Pjini 4.3D3 wrh 
Nancy 11.10-11.30 Ever/Ci-j Ouna 
1.23am Nev.-* 1.30 Tnc Bamn 5.15- 
5.45 Cream B.35-7.C0'>P5sroa'1S 100- 

10.00 sneap Fewinefl 10.30 

F-Tn- Disapcearar:? ri Arans Chanter. * 1 
lan 1240smC | os“co*n 

mmgssa. j 

9.50 S-ruac'e 5aneam me Sea I 

5.00wn - .iiiie; afSi' 

SCOTTISH A? 1 - ; nrton 3T- 

' cepi 9 25am Sasam? 

Sir?ei 10.25 f — j « pi Gviiirw ! 

10.50 Ccunin, Carencarti.05-li.30 
G.en*c-e 1 23Cpm-1. 03 Gardening 

T.rre 1.23 *Je-.v?. i Jt-l.M P.iu P.r*, 3.30- 

4.00 £i*r< ?na Daepi-iers 5.15-5.45 
Em-iercaie Farm t.'ao We«\-s anc £cpi- 
lanr Tex . 5.35 C-Pisw*:- f C3- 
7.30 Tjk ^ me mch Rwd 3.00 Mjrder 
Snc I’.-ric 9.09-13.00 Endeurfis 

^iie? 10.30 Film Disaocea-anire oi 
Acar.a Cnanwriain 12.40am Late 
Cai! C<iS£d:--.n 

Huddersfield Cnoral 
Sooeiy. and Linds 

11.15 Moscheiss and Ries; 

Marlin Jones and 
Richard McManonfpianos). 
Ries's Grand Sonata in 
4. Op 160. and Moscheles's 
Rondo brillani: La belle 

11-57 News. 12.00 Closedown 
VHF only: 

GJ35 Onen University, to 6.55. 
Modem art. Berlin Dads 

Radio 2 

Wortd Cup Overnight news 6.02 
am. 7.07. 8.07. Wimbledon 66 starts 
ai 2.02 pm imf only}. General 
Desks 1.05 pm. 9.55. Cncfcet 
Scoreboard 7.30 pm. 

A.OO am Colm Berry is). 5.30 
Ray Moore (s). 7.30 Derek 
Jameson (sj. 9.30 Ken Bruce 
is). 11.00 Jimmy Young plus 
medical auesttons answered by 
Dr Mike Smrrh (s) 1.05 pm David 
Jacobs (s) 200 Wimbledon 86. 

7.00 Moira Stuart presents... BBC 
Radio Orchestra (s). 9.00 Just A 
Little Of Tune Profile of Johnny 
Mercer (3). 9.55 Sports Desk. 

10-00 Tmb Impressionists. Ray Alan 
with Dave Evans. Hilary O'Neill. 
Peier Goodwnaht and Brian 
Ccshail. 10.30 Vm Sorry I 
Haven't A Oue. Barry Cryer. Willis 
Rusntcn. Graeme Garden and 
Mike Harding. 11.00 Bnan Matthew 
presents Round Midnight 
isicrec from midnight). 1.00 am 
Steve Madden (s). 3.00-4.00 A 
Utile Night Musk: (s). 

Radio 1 




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TUESDAY JUNE 24' 1986 


Fbst pnhHsbed fa 1785 


Jelen exploits 
poor serve 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Kevin Curren has been 
beaten by Germans in two 
consecutive Wimbledon sin- 
gles. A year ago ite disposed of 
Stefan Edberg, John 
MacEnroe and Jimmy Con- 
nors but could take only one 
set from Boris Becker in the 
final. Yesterday Curren was 
beaten 6-4. 6-7. 2-6, 6-4. 12-10 
by Eric Jelen in a first round 
match that lasted three hours 
and 1 7 minutes. 

Jelen. aged 21. comes from 
Trier, near the Luxemburg 
border. In April, 1984, he 
competed in his “local” 
Grand Prix tournament, in 
Luxemburg, and beat Edbeg 
on his way to the last eight 
Becker had to qualify for that 
event Their tennis aroused 
much excited speculation: 
Becker's because of its power 
and daring, Jelen's because of 
his technical facility and de- 
ceptive wrist 

We all know how swiftly 
and sensationally Becker rose 
from promise to fulfilment 
By contrast Jelen stepped into 
the shadows for a while — and 
also into the Army, in which 
he is still serving. At the end of 
last year Jelen ranked 192nd 
in the world, twentieth in 
Germany and was hardly even 
a memory. But he now ranks 
32nd in the world and, al- 
ready. has made a memorable 
first challenge at Wimbledon. 

The broad-shouldered 
Curren is a grass-court special- 
ist who has contested the 
Australian final, as welt as 
Wimbledon's. On court be 
exudes a broody, almost surly 
air of discontent that finds a 
natural outlet in violence — 
notably his first service and 
the gambler's returns that are 
essential to success on grass. 
But Curren depends rather too 
much on his first service. 
Yesterday it let him down: 
and his second service was 
such an inadequate alternative 
that he served 20 double 

Jelen did not. need the 
unearned income but wel- 
comed it anyway. Curren had 
four match points but was 
generous in defeat: “He played 

a better match than I did.” 
Curren said. He had been 

particularly impressed, as we 
all were, by Jelen’s service 
returns (especially on his deft 
backhand), the authority with 
which the German volleyed, 
and the ease with which Jelen 
darted about on an unfamiliar 
surface. It was Curren who 

More reports, 
results and 
on page 37 

more often skidded and fell. 
Jelen was slightly too good for 
him and (take my word for it) 
there is even more to Jelen 
than we saw yesterday. 

The match was punctuated 
by odd incidents. A spectator 
(hinted when Jelen broke ser- 
vice to lead 3-1 in the first set 
In the ninth game of the fifth 
set Curren, serving, had to 
wait fora few moments until a 
sparrow — risking simulta- 
neous death and interrment — 
had vacated the service court 
at which Curren was aiming. 
In the next game Curren, 
running wide on the forehand, 
sank backwards over the stop- 
canvas. Curren had three 
match points in that game but 
his backhand let him down. 

Jelen broke to 7-6, served 

for the match, but took only 
one point from a game in 
which Curren's returns 
achieved a sudden splendour. 
Cunen had a fourth match 
point at 8-7 but Jelen aced 
him. Eventually Jelen broke 
through again, for 1 1-10. and 
this time he seized his chance. 

The result was no fluke. 
There is not much to choose 
between Curren and Jelen, 
except in terms of grass-court 
experience. Curren would 
probably have won had he 
served well. Bui he did not 
serve well. That reduced the 
match to a contest between 
other merits: and on this 
particular day Jelen’s were 
more evident. 

Elsewhere, the programme 
was confusing. On court five 
there was a Custer, last heard 
of at the Battle of the Little Big 
Horn. A Solomon, last heard 
of in Jerusalem, was sched- 
uled to re-appear on court six 
and a Nelson (nothing to do 
with Trafalgar) had a match to 
play on court 1 7. We were also 
offered a Castle, a Canter and 
a Champion, an Anger and a 
Forget, and (in the women’s 
singles) a Salmon and a 
Paradis. Make up your own 

The tennis was interrupted 
by rain at 4.0. But there had 
already been more than 
enough play for last year's 

Maskell remembers 

Players come aad players go 
(Hit Dan Maskell, the “Voice 
of Wimbledon,* 1 seemingly 
goes os forever. Maskell is 78 
and his melodious fames are 
again being heard daily on 
BBC television for the 36th 
successive Wimbledon. The 
evergreen Maskell has not 
missed a single day’s commen- 
tating since his 1951 debut on 
the television which followed 
two years on BBC Radio. 

But Maskell’s memories of 
Wimbledon go much further 
back. He first attended the 
championships as a tennis 
professional in 1924 to see the 
women's final between Kitty 

Godfree, stfil bale and hearty 
at the age of 90, and Helen 
Wills-Moody, the great Amer- 
ican player. 

. “Kitty won,” Masked says, 
“after she had been a set and 
4-1 down, and what I remem- 
ber most about the match is 
die fact that her chin never 
once went down. 

Masked's only real regret is 
that he never played in the 
championships himself. He 
was good enough to take sets 
off Fred Perry in practice 
occasionally, but be was 
barred from competing in 
Wimbledon because be was a 

Lavalle shows his pedigree 

Playing the world’s No. I 
player on Wimbledon’s No. 1 
court is not supposed to be the 
most relaxing of pastimes but 
you would never have known 
it watching Leo Lavalle. of 
Mexico, play Ivan Lendl 

Like the champion who was 
continuing to play tennis be- 
yond his years on the adjacent 
Centre Court, Lavalle is a 
remarkably mature 18-year- 
old — a tall, aristocratic young 
man with a tennis pedigree 
that, allied to his ialents, is 

By Richard Evans 

going to take him a long way. 

His father is the president of 
the Mexican LTA but, just as 
important, his mentor is Raul 
Ramirez, the former Wimble- 
don doubles champion who 
earned himself, quite de- 
servedly. a reputation as one 
of the most cunning players of 
his generation. 

That, in itself, is not surpris- 
ing because Ramirez sat at the 
knee of the late Rafael Osuna, 
whose match against Manuel 
Santana on the Centre Court 
in the mid-1960s still warms 


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the memory on grey Wimble- 
don afternoons. Osuna. killed 
in a plane crash in 1969, had 
the legs of a gazelle and a mind 
like a steel trap. If his oppo- 
nents, were not outrun, they 
were out-thought and Lavalle, 
through Ramirez, has obvi- 
ously inherited a little of that 
tennis nouse. 

The Wimbledon junior 
champion might have put it 
all to startlingly good effect 
before Lendl complained, suc- 
cessfully, about the slippery 
grass yesterday. Having strug- 
gled to hold serve throughout 
the first set — he had to save 
five break points in the pro- 
cess — Lavalle, aided by 
Lendl’s double fault, suddenly 
found himself with three set 
points at 4-5, 0-40 on the 
Czech's serve. 

Lendl might never have 
won a grass court title but he is 
not the No. 1 seed for nothing 
and three huge first serves 
demonstrated what playing 
like a champion is all about. 
Lavalle. however, continued 
to look casually elegant even 
while losing the tie-break by 7- 


Americans get 
off to 

a good start 

The United States team 
took an early points lead in the 
Jaguar British-American Cup 
best of seven series of team 
races which opened in light 
conditions at Cowes yester- 
day. Racing in Sigma 33-class 
yachts over an eight mile 
Olym pic-style course, the four 
boats in the American team 
finished second, third, fourth 
and eighth. 

In a close finish Happy 
Apple (John Perry. GB) was 
first to finish 1 5sec ahead of 
Akka 2 (Chris Corlen. US) 
with Sigmatic (Glen Foster, 
US) only a further 15sec 

The last series, the eighth in 
an event which started in 
1 92 1 . was held in the Solent in 
1980 when the .Americans 
were victorious. The US team 
is drawn from the Seawanhaka 
Corinthian Yacht Gub of 
California and the Texas Co- 
rinthian Yacht Gub. 

The British team consists of 
members of the Royal Yacht 
squadron, who are organizing 
the event, the Royal Thames 
Yacht Gub. the Royal Lon- 
don Yacht Gub and the Royal 
Northern and Clyde Gub. 

RESULTS: firtt m* 1. Nappy Apple (J 
Pflfry. Gfl| fiirin 15sec: 2. Akka 2 (C 

3. Stgraatc (G Fosnr. US) 4.645 Potots 
us. 17: GB. m 


£ jv" 

■■ • .-V7 

Stars of India: Vengsarkar, the man of the match, and his team- mates celebrate only the second win in a Test series in England by their country 

England need to get back to basics 

By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

HEADINGLEY: India beat 
England by 279 runs. 

After India had won the 
second Test match, sponsored 
by ComhilL by 279 runs, and 
the series with it Peter May, 
chairman of the England selec- 
tors. talked of the importance 
of “getting back to basic 
principles”. This was 
England's seventh sucessive 
Test defeat so well be mighL 
Only once before, just after the 
Great War . have they had 
such a dismal run. 

What 1 think, stuck in Mr 
May’s throat was that having 
chosen six specialist batsmen, 
to make as sure as possible of 
enough runs, England were 
bowled out for 102 and 128. 

"Do they work hard enough 
at the game?” the chairman 
wondered, though he did have 
a good word to say for Alhey. 
He referred to Vengsarkads 
batting as being “an object 
lesson” and was pleased with 
Gatling's “authority on the 

The bowlers came in for 
their share of criticism for 
having produced “four good 
balls but then a bad one”. “It 
is fair to say,” said May, “that 
India outplayed us in all 
departments.” The margin of 
victory in difficult conditions 


INDIA; Fhat farads 272 (O O Vmgw*w 

Second Mngs 237 mBVmMkar HC 
Dot oue 4 K Umr 4 far B4, DRMnglo 4 

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ENGLAND: Rrsttantoge 102 fl* M HBtony 
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FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12, 2-46, 343, 4- 
17. 540, 540, 7-101, 5-104, 9-IDS, 15- 

BOWUffe K*0 DM 183-7-24^ Madmi 
laf *4-2-30-4 5fany S-t-fS-2; Matomfar 
1534454; SMbi 10441-1- 
Umpbas: J BMaashaw andD J Constant 

for baiting was, indeed, huge 
-as sweeping as anything 
West Indies achieved last 

This was the fourth Test 
match in 'Headingley’s last 
five to be won and lost on the 
fourth day. It finished at 12.15 
yesterday and would probably 
have been over sooner had 
Gatling been out in the first 
over of the morning, bowled 
by Maninder, as the Indians 
thought he was. 

England's new captain did 
what he saw as his duty, 
concentrating on showing 

how, with patience and deter- 
mination, England should 
have played. 

But Pringle, on the bade 
foot to Maninder’s arm ball 
was leg-before in the ninth 
over of the morning and 
Emburey soon edged Kapil 
Dev to second slip. A drive by 
French just foiled to dear 
Vengsarkar. running hack 
from mid-off. .and finally 
Dilley's hesitation prevented 
his completing what should 
have been a comfortable 

what had been, all told, a 
sadly inadequate English per- 
formance thus ended on a 
suitably incompetent note. In 
the first . two Test matches 
Maninder, bowling orthodox 
left-arm spin, has taken eight 
wickets for 80 runs in 67.1 

It would be unfair to attach 
much blame to the selectors 
for what is happening though 
their ambivalence over Gower 
and the captaincy was no help. 
As they used the conditions 
which obtained at Headingley, 
India would have given any- 
one a game, the West Indians 

The lack of English tech- 
nique. in bowling as well as 
batting, hardly mattered 
against Australia last year, 
because they were not good 
enough; but it certainly has 

done since. It comes-not least, 
i am afraid, from playing so 
much one-day cricket. 

Of the England side that lost 
yesterday only Gatting, 
.Gooch. Emburey. Pringle and 
French are sure of a place in 
the third and last Test at 
Edgbasion next week, though 
from what Mr May said he 
will be in favour of Slack as 
well as Alhey getting another 

Game as he is. Lamb's 
record since 1984 has to count 
against him. and Lever, 
brought in lo do a specific job 
at Headingley, will probably 
be left to continue his splendid 
county career. If Dilley sur- 
vives it will be in the interests 
of continuity and in spite of 
his having conceded runs in 
the first two Tests at the rale of 
more than 3^ an over. . 

For Gatting, this was a 
difficult and disappointing 
start.' He is^ still kicking him- 
self for having got out playing 
the stroke he did. when he did, 
in England's first Innings. 
What he must be given is a 
seam bowler with reliable 

The answer could be 
Radford He could also do 
with a. wicketkeeper who can 
bat. which the selectors should 
-have known before they 
brought in French. “What 
concerns me.” said May yes- 

terday, “is the middle of the 
order without you know who" 
— by whom, of course, he 
meant Botham. 

In that case, it is worth his 
remembering David Smith’s 
form in his last Test match, 
when, m Trinidad, he was 
England's only batsman to 
distinguish himself. There is 
also Gower to come back as 
soon as he is fit again. 

As often happens at 
Headingley. because of the 
. way the ball moves about, the 
umpires had a difficult time 
there. There were batsmen on 
both sides who were entitled 
to expect the benefit of the 
doubt when they were given 


Also, when Shastri was leg- 
before in-lndia's second in- 
nings England had three men 
behind the wicket on the teg 
side, which escaped both their 
and the umpires' attention; 
and fora Jew balls on Saturday 
evening India fielded 12 men 
as a substitute was being 
shunted backwards and 

One way and another. En- 
glish cricket, right down to the 
behaviour of the pitch, was 
seen to no great advantage in 
the Headingley Test of 1986. 
In a breeder perspective 
India's was — and that must be 


•* I l V C 

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Another victory for Nelson 

San Juan, Puerto Rico, 
(Reuter) — Azumah Nelson, of 
Ghana, defended his World 
Boxing Council featherweight 
title on Sunday by knocking 
out Danik) Cabrera, of Domi- 
nica, in the tenth round of a 
scheduled 12-round bout. Nel- 
son dropped Cabrera with a 
right to the bead and the 
challenger was counted out at 
2min, 3lsec of the tenth 

Nelson got off to a slow 
start, but began taking com- 
mand in the third round when 
be cut Cabrera under the left 
eye with a right cross. In spite 
of this, Cabrera rallied and 
had his best round in the 
fourth when be dearly out- 
boxed the champion. Cabrera 

for Pyrah 

Mai com Pyrah, a member 
of the British team for next 
month's world show jumping 
championships in West Ger- 
many. was reprimanded and 
“cautioned as to his future 
conduct” by the stewards of 
the British Show Jumping 
.Association yesterday after 
they had upheld a complaint 
brought against Pyrah at the 
Royal Windsor Horse Show 
on May 9 (Jenny Mac Arthur 

Pyrah was said to have used 
abusive language towards the 
official veterinary surgeon, Mr 
Philip Ayrton Grime, thereby 
contravening rule 82.2. The 
argument arose when Mr 
Grime said that Straightaway, 
one of Pyrah's horses, had 
ringworm and would not be 
able to travel to Spain for the 
Nation's Cup the following 
week. Pyrah disputed his 

Tway’s day 

Atlanta (Reuter) — Bob 
Tway played a spectacular 
final round of 64. eight under 
par, here on Sunday to over- 
take his fellow American. Hal 
Sutton, and win the $500,000 
Atlanta Classic golf tourna- 
ment by two strokes. Tway 
finished with a total of 269, 19 
under par. earning $90,000 

also outboxed Nelson in the 
seventh round but from then 
on there was no stopping the 
relentless Nelson. 

The victory improved 
Nelson's record to 24 wins and 
one defeat with 18 of the wins 
inside the distance. Cabrera 
dropped to 22 wins and four 
defeats. Nelson came in at the 
57.1kg limit, while the chal- 
lenger weighed a half-kilo- 
gram less. 

After the bout. Nelson again 
challenged Barry McGuigan 
to a unification match. “!. 
doubt that we will ever fight, 
though,” ‘ Nelson said. 
“McGuigan is afraid of me 
and his managers will never 
let him fight me.” Nelson, 
who bas complained that the 

title has not been tbe pot of 
gold be thought it would be, 
earned a modest $50,000 
(about £34,000). Cabrera 
earned $15,000. 

Don King, the promoter, 
whose son, Cari, manages 
Nelson, is hoping next to 
match Nelson against Victor 
Caliejas, of Puerto Rica, foe 
WBA super-bantamweight 
champion. The idea is for 
Caliejas to move up in weight 
and challenge Nelson. 

Nelson, aged 28, won his 
title from Wflfredo Gomez, of 
Puerto Rica, in December 
1984. In previous tide de- 
fences he defeated Juvenal 
Ordenes, of Chile, Pat 
CowdeU, of Britain, and Mar- 
cos, Villasana of Mexico. 



Registration rnle 
snag for Winch 

By Pat Butcher,Athfetks Correspondent 

Mike Winch has become 
foe first victim of the random 
drag-testing policy adopted by 
the British Athletics Adminis- 
tration. But It was not a foiled 
test, or failure to take a test It 
was more a prosaic tardiness 
in signing on foe athletes* 
register which has cost Winch 
his place in tbe England 
Commonwealth Games team, 
and the fhano to emulate his 
silver medal in theshot putt in 
Brisbane four years ago. 

But Winch complained last 
night that, as the - athletes’ 
representative on tbe commit- 
tee which introduced foe ran- 
dom testing, he had -always 

the championships. They want 
the rules beat to please them.” 

Coe missed the AAA cham- 
pionships, citing an injtuy for 
which he has gone to Switzer- 
land for treatment, and to 
continue his training. Bed 
Goodman went on to bend his 
own committee's rules to the 
extent of saying that all Coe 
needed to do to secure those 
two vacant places at 800 and 
1,500 metres was to say that 
be was fit In Ovett’s case, lie 
bas tio'nm a 5,000 metres in 
Belfast next Monday. 

There are a potential 14 
more places to be filled, two of 

Rally sponsor 

British Midland Airlines are 
■ to sponsor foe Ulster Rally for 
the second successive year. 
The British Midland Luster 
Rally, round five in foe Shell 
Oil RAC open rally champi- 
onship. takes place on A; 

8 and 9, starting from 

Cup draw 

The draw for foe first round 
—of the Prudential national 
basketball cup has produced 
three all first division match- 
es, the pick of them between 
Birmingham and Leicester. 
BPCC Derby play Bolton and 
Bury, while Hemel and Wgt- 
ford Royals meet Brunei 
Ducks Uxbridge. 

DRAW (matches to be played over 
weekend olSeptomeber 27 and 28}: 
Cleveland v Ettesmere port Hemal 
and Watford v Brunei Ducks 'Ux- 
- bridge; Sunderland v Okfitam; Wal- 
sall v Solent Stare; Binrtngham 
BuHets v Leicester; Worthing Bears 
v Lambeth- Topcats: Cakterdale v 
Tyneside; Happy Eater BradcneH v 
PetBborough; BPCC Derby v 
Homespare Bolton and Bury; Col- 
chester v Plymouth: ANC Liverpool 
v Team Wakefields Notttnghxrri; 
Swindon Rakers v Tower- Hamlets. 

Armstrong: in tidies 

Brighton move 

Gerry Armstrong,- the 
Northern Ireland internation- 
al forward, has been offered 
terms by Brighton. Arm- 
strong, freed by West 
Bromwich Albion, has had 
talks with foe Brighton man- 
ager. .Alan Mullery, and is 
expected to make a decision m 
foe next few days* • 

New Hornets 

Rochdale Hornets plan to 
go into liquidation and to 
form a new company. Hor- 
nets, who have debts of 
£275.000, have called a special 
shareholders meeting for July Molrmn orornc 
7- and if foe shSeholdeii IVJLaKlIlg WaVCS 

The American, Ben Robert- 
son, leads the Formula One 
world series for circuit power- 
. boats after winning the Chat- 
tanooga Grand Prix this 

Byes Sharp Manchester United, 
Kingston, Portsmouth and Crystal 


agree a liquidator will be 
called in. The chairman. Fred 
Wood, said ; “This does not 
mean we are likely to fold, but 
we need to take this action and 
form a new company ” 

which are in foe pole vault to 
accompany Brian Hooper. Da- 
British ley Thompson, who has stated 
English a wish to be considered for the 
vault, and who has two dear 
ibfy naive as this may days after his decathlon to 
Winch only put his prepare, is one of those orb- 

it referred only to 
teams, rather ' titan 
ones, as is the case 

signature last week to foe 
athletes' register,- which has 
become mandatory .for those 
wishing to he. considered for 
international selection. The 
register was originally intro- 
duced with a deadline for 
March 31, hot it was extended 
to April 30. 

Winch admits that he was a 
vociferous opponent of the 
random testing policy on foe 
grounds that “there were no' 
preparations to ensure that 
athletes abroad would be test- 
ed, and that there was 
for - all substances out 
season, including such as med- 
ical preparations which are 
normally' . only - banned in 
co*Hpetitious'\Wincfa Intends 
to appeal to m orrow a gainst the 
derision to omit him. . 

As expected, Steve Cram 
was selected for both the 890 
and L500 metres, but Tu 
leaving one place open in both 
those events, Sebastian Coe 
received both a slap on foe 
wrist and a pat on the black 
from foe selection committee. 

Thane was no doubt that 
Dong Goodman, foe chair man 
of selectors, was referring to 
Coe and StereOveft.for whom 
n p lace hns also been left open 
at 5,000 metres when he said; 
“We evidently have to give 
leeway to special talents, even 
though those special talents' 
-dost back you by attending 

fetes under consideration. Col- 
in Reitz- has to prove his 

England team P36 

Scotland teams P36 

.fitness in a 3,000 metres Oat 
race against foe United States 
in Gateshead this Friday in 
order to seenre foe vacant spot 
in the steeplechase, although 
be has had problems going 
over hurdles faeacause of a 
groin injury. 

Lincoln Asquith would 
probably be under consider- 
ation for the vacant place in 
foe 100 metres if anyone could 
find him. Asquith left Bir- 
mingham last Friday, ostensi- 
bly to come to the 
championships and has not 
- been seen since. But bis conch, 
Tony Hadley, cmrendy has 
other problems on hb mind. 
Derek. Redmond and Phfl 
Brown, two of his other 
athletes, looked to be certain- 
ties for 400 metre selection at 
the start of the season, until 
injuries intervened. There are 
two vacant places to join Roger 
Black in Edinburgh,' and 
Brown runs in Gateshead with 
a: «few to proving life fitness for 
one or those places. But it 
seems unlikely now that Red- 
mond, the United Kingdom 
record holder, will be fit in 
time after a hamstring injury 
last month. 


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