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No 62,493 

Tough British 
protest to 
South Africa 

® The Foreign Office summoned the 
South African Ambassador to protest 
about the widespread arrests and 
detentions under the emergency 

• Journalists were told in Pretoria that 
tough action would be taken against 
those who flouted the regulations 

• African nations threatened to boycott 
the Commonwealth Games if Zola 
Bndd or Annette Crowley competed 

• Thirty-four leading British compa- 
nies, backed by the CBL strongly 
opposed economic or financial sanc- 
tions against South Africa Page 25 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

The British Government 
yesterday summoned the 
South African Ambassador to 
the Foreign Office to protest 
about the widespread arrests 
. and detentions under the state 
of emergency declared by 
President Botha on June 12. 

The same message was de- 
livered in Pretoria by a senior 
British Embassy official who 
called at the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs. 

On the eve of the EEC 
summit in The Hague, which 
will discuss Community mea- 
sures against the Pretoria re- 
gime, Dr Denis Worrall. the 
South African Ambassador in 
London, was unexpectedly 
called to the Foreign Office to 
be told that Britain deplored 
the restrictions, including 
those on the foreign press, 
imposed under the state of 
emergency, and the detentions 
of community, church and 
trade union leaders. 

The move, based on infor- 
mal ion about the effects of the 
state of emergency reported 
back by the British Embassy, 
was another sign of the 
Government’s preference for 
strong diplomatic pressure 
against South Africa, as op- 
posed to economic sanctions 
which would damge the South 


Dear old 

Those who joined 
up together, served 
together . . . and 
died together, 70 
years ago in the 
battle of the Somme 


• The £4,000 daily prize 
in The Times Portfolio 
Gold competition was 
shared by two readers, 
Mrs Margaret Birchmore 
of Bromley, Kent, and 
Mrs Margaret Gamer of 
Hill Morton, Rugby, 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list page 32; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 24. 

Train bomb 
kills eight 

At least eight tourists were 
killed and about 35 injured in 
Peru when a bomb exploded 
on a train from Cuzco to the 
Inca rums of Machu Picchu 
Prisoners murdered, page 11 

Homes hunt 

A large unsatisfied demand for 
home ownership exists, in 
spite of 3 rapid increase in the 
past six years from 55 per cent 
to 62 per cent, a Building 
Societies .Association survey 
shows Page 5 

Telecom study 

Telephone costs are being 
studied by Oftel, the govern- 
ment watchdog, because Brit- 
ish Telecom may be making 
too much money thanks to an 
increase in calls Page 3 

Tripos results 

The Tnpos examination results 
from Cambridge in natural sci- 
ences (part 2). physics and 
ihcoreiical physics, mathemat- 
ics »pan ia) and engineering 
ipari 2) arc published today 

Page 43 

African economy and harm 
British interests. 

h followed the first contacts 
on Tuesday between the Brit- 
ish Government and the out- 
lawed African National 

The Cabinet spent most of 
its meeting yesterday drawing 
up the negotiating stance for 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 

Dnrban - The Labour Party's 
spokesman on foreign affairs, 
Mr Denis Healey, has met 
Mrs Winnie Mandela, the 
wife of the jailed ANC leader, 
Mr Nelson Mandela. Mr 
Healey said that in his view, 
the police repression of Sooth 
African blacks was now more 
severe than ever.. Later, Mr 
Healey met Bishop Desmond 
Tutu, who demanded immedi- 
ate economic sanctions. 

Trial visit, page 24 

eign Secretary, at The Hague 
summit today and tomorrow. 

Officials were offering few 
details of the measures that 
the Government will willingly 
go along with, emphasizing 
instead the need for "positive” 
measures paving the way to- 
wards negotiations for an end 
to apartheid and an end to 

The Prime Minister has 
little enthusiasm for two of the 
most likely measures — a ban 
on new investment and on the 
import of South African fruit 
and vegetables — but her close 
colleagues believe that she will 
not go to the stake in opposing 

She would put up much 
sterner resistance to a ban on 
air flights to South Africa, and 
would clearly much prefer the 
measures to be limited to a 
diplomatic mission to Pre- 
toria led by the Foreign Secre- 
tary and an EEC-ftnanced 
programme to assist the edu- 
cation of black South 

In the Commons yesterday 
Mrs Lynda Chalker. Minister 
of Slate at the Foreign Office, 
reporting on her meeting with 
Mr Oliver Tambo. acting head 
of the ANC, said that Britain 
would "have no hesitation” in 
leading the way in the most 
effective way possible to bring 
about an end to apartheid. 

Mrs Chalker told MPs that 
the Prime Minister would go 
to the summit “with an open 
mind ... to see what effective 
way we can bring about a 
change of altitude on the part 

Continued on page 24, col 7 

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Africans threaten 


By John Goodbody, Sports Correspondent 

Black African nations yes- 
terday took the first steps to 
ban the athlete Zola Budd and 
the swimmer Annette Cowley 
from next month's Common- 
wealth Games in Edinbuigh. 
They made it clear that if the 
two women did take part there 
could be a black boycott of the 

Both women were bom in 
South Africa but hold British 
passports and have been se- 
lected to represent England . 

Mr David Dixon Secretary 
of the Commonwealth Games 
Federation, said yesterday 
that Nigeria had asked the 
federation’s officers to investi- 
gate the eligibility of Miss 
Budd and Miss Cowley. Zim- 
babwe has also written to the 
South African Non Racial 
Olympic Committee (Sanroc) 
supporting the Nigerian de- 
mand . 

Mr Sam Ramsamy of 
Sanroc. said yesterday that if 
the federation did not stop the 
two women from 
competing.the Black African 
nations would consider pull- 
ing out of the games. "We will 
have a meeting and abide by 
the majority decision” he said. 

Mr Dixon said the inquiry 
had already begun and the 
decision would be made by the 
federation's seven officers. "It 
is not an easy matter and there 
is a further problem of time 
and expense." he said. 

The officers have to pass 
judgment because the next 
assembly meeting of the feder- 
ation is not until July 27. three 
days after the Queen opens the 

Sir Arthur Gold, chairman 
of the Commonwealth Games 
Council for England, con- 
firmed yesterday that a report 
of legal opinion on the inter- 
pretation of the eligibility rule 
was being prepared for the 
federation. “We have accept- 
ed the legal opinion given to 
the Women's Amateur Athlet- 
ics .Association and the Ama- 
teur Swimming Association 
that both conform to the 
requirements for eligibility." 

The implication of a boy- 
cott by some African nations if 
the federation’s officers do not 
satisfy* their wishes is a threat 
that they have carried out in 
similar circumstances in the 

The 15 African nations who 
will provide 493 out of the 
total of 3.210 competitors in 
the games, would be sorely 
missed in track athletics and 

The issue is also difficult 
legally because, as Mr Dick 
Palmer, the Secretary of the 
English council, has conceded, 
the eligibility clause, article 34 
in the Commonwealth Games 
Federation constitution, is so 
vague as to need rewriting to 
make it less ambiguous. 

to press 

From Michael Hornsby 

The South African Govern- 
ment yesterday served notice 
on both the local and foreign 
press that tough action woold 
be taken against newspapers, 
or any other media organiza- 
tions. flouting die emergency 
regulations in force since Jane 
12 . 

Editors of South African 
newspapers were summoned 
from all over the country to a 
meeting in Pretoria with Mr 
Louis NeL the Deputy Minis- 
ter of Information, who told 
them that the Government 
would suspend the publication 
of offending newspapers if 
they failed “to toe the line”. 

At a separate meeting, Mr 
Nel, who is the minister in 
charge of the press, told 

Boesak hint 7 

Sanctions pressure 7 
Ronald Butt 14 

foreign correspondents here 
that the Government did not 
want confrontation, but would 
"not hesitate to take whatever 
steps we deem necessary to 
ensure, as far as it is in our 
power, compliance with the 
state of emergency 

The warnings to the press 
came a day after Mrs Helen 
Suzman, the country's longest- 
serving opposition MP, told 
Parliament that South Africa 
was getting "erer closer to 
becoming a total police state” 
and was beginning to resemble 
cmmtries like "El Salvador 
and Argentina, where thou- 
sands upon thousands of peo- 
ple go missing and the 
government refuses to give any 
indication of where those peo- 
ple are”. 

Meanwhile, a leading trade 
unionist came out of hiding 
briefly to issue a warning that 
the detention of labour leaders 
threatened to create "a situa- 
tion of total anarchy in 
industry”, and Mr Denis 
Healey, the British Labour 
Party's foreign affairs spokes- 
man. had a meeting with Mrs 
Wiorie Mandela.- the wife of 
Mr Nelson Mandela, the 
jailed African National Con- 
gress (ANC) leader. 

Also yesterday, the re-open- 
ing of black schools — which 
went on holiday at the begin- 
ning of June - was postponed 
for two weeks, until July 14, to 
enable "plans of action” for 
"effective education” to be pat 
into operation. 

In his meeting Wfth foreign 
journalists, Mr Nel denied 
there was censorship. He then 
provided 3 new definition of 
the term — "To me censorship 
means that every report must 
be approved before it can be 
published. We do not have 
censorship. What we have is a 

Continued on page 24. col 8 

Four life terms for Leoni’s killer 

By a Staff Reporter 

Unemployed labourer Gary 
Hopkins was sentenced yester- 
day to four terms of life 
imprisonment for murdering 
three-year-old Leoni Keating 
after kidnapping her from a 
caravan in Great Yarmouth 
last September, subjecting her 
to a night of sexual terror and 
flinging her. arms lied behind 
her back, into a drainage 
channel to drown. 

The judge told Hopkins, 
aged 28. of Severn Way. 
Bedford, that he had showed 
"a degree of callousness and 
depravity which is almost 
unbelievable.” He recom- 

mended that he should serve a 
minimum of 25 years. 

It took the jury at Ipswich 
Crown Court just over two 
hours to find Hopkins guilty 
and he began his sentence in 
solitary confinement Hop- 
kins had earlier admitted ab- 
ducting Leoni from the 
caravan site where she was 
staying with her mother, Mrs 
Gail Keating, on a week's 
holiday for battered wives. 

He had also pleaded guilty 
before the jury was sworn in 
on Monday to abducting two 
other young girls, burglary and 

Hopkins, a formerly mar- 

ried man with two children, 
had first been in trouble for 
exposing himself to young 
girts when he was 14. 

His obsession with kidnap- 
ping young girts had led to a 
three-year pattern of abduct- 
ing children from caravans. 
One girl, aged IO. was later left 
gagged with a pair of knickers 
2 nd another kidnap victim, 
aged 14. was stabbed as she 
escaped from Hopkins. 

After the trial. Leoni’s 
mother said: “This is.the end I 
have been waiting for. Now 1 
can stan living again and 
rebuilding my other daugh- 
ters life ” Report, page 3 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
Mr Peter Walker, the Secre- pressing ahead with a speedy 

tary of State for Energy, is to 
enter the growing political 
debate over nuclear power 
today by delivering one of the 
strongest declarations yet of 
government commitment to 
the nuclear industry. 

With the main opposition 
parties moving towards poli- 
cies of reducing reliance on 
nuclear power, Mr Walker is 
expected to argue against 
adopting expedient solutions 
for the sake of short-term 
popularity in response to the 
public reaction of horror to 
the Chernobyl disaster. 

His message will, however, 
be seen as being directed 
equally at some of his col- 
leagues in ihe Cabinet who 
have voiced doubts about 



of the nuclear 

Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah Ferguson, at the Belfast City Hospital yesterday during a 
surprise 24-hour visit to Northern Ireland 

to royal 

From Richard Ford 

Hundreds of police and 5AS 
men guarded Prince Andrew 
and his fiancee. Miss Sarah 
Ferguson, yesterday as they 
carried out a series of engage- 
ments on a 24-boor visit to 
Northern Ireland one month 
before their wedding a West- 
minster Abbey. 

The trip was a dosely 
guarded secret until the conple 
arrived at RAF Aldergrove 
just before liam and at every 
engagement armed guards 
prorected them. 

Tliey travelled to five en- 
gagements across the province 
by helicopter to spend as little 
time as possible travelling by 
road, minimizing the danger of 
any terrorist attack. 

It was the Prince's second 
visit to the province — be was 
with the Qaeen on her Jubilee 
tour in 1977 — bat for Miss 
Ferguson it was her first 
outing to the North and it 
came only 24 hours after the 
Reverend Ian Paisley, leader 
of the Democratic Unionist 
party, claimed that the prov- 
ince was on the verge of civil 

But there was no sign of 
tension on the streets. 

However, as the couple ar- 
rived for their first engage- 
ment — the official opening of 
the £72 million tower block at 
Belfast City Hospital — police 
marksmen in boiler suits were 
on top of the surrounding 
buildings while others with 
binnocnJars scanned crowds of 
nurses, doctors and hospital 
staff awaiting their arrival. 

For much of the visit all eyes 
and interest were on Miss 
Ferguson, with women 
screaming "Fergie. Fergii 
let's look at the ring”. 

Miss Ferguson was dressed 
in nautical style befitting the 
couple's last engagement, 
watching the Edinburgh Cup 
Yacht Race at Killyleagh, Co 

She wore, a French navy 
skirt witlf white fitted jacket 
and white polo neck blouse 
and in her ginger hair she had 
a huge navy and white bow. 

The couple were in a relaxed 
mood, frequently having pri- 
vate signs with each other as 
they toured the hospital, see- 
ing patients in surgical and 
physiotherapy wards while 
women strained to catch a 
glimpse of Miss Ferguson's 
ruby and diamond engagement 

Later 2.000 school children 
greeted them at the Antrim 
forum for the annual sports 
day of the Royal Ulster Con- 
stabulary. They then went to 
Hillsborough Castle for a 
garden party attended by 
1,200 people. 

Mr Peter Walker keynote 
speech on nuclear powzr 

Mr Walker is ihought likely 
to contend that world energy 
needs in the coming decades 
cannot be met without a 
substantial contribution from 
nuclear power, and to say that 
Britain must be ready to win a 
share of the inevitably grow- 
ing world nuclear energy 

Mr Walker is to make his 
keynote speech to the Engi- 
neering Employers’ Federa- 
tion. He has told nis 
colleagues that he regards it as 
one of the most important he 
will ever make and has spent 
some weeks preparing it. 

He will take :he view' that 
the worlds known finite 
sources of energy will run out 
in the next century, and will 
emphasize the need to in- 
crease research on alternative 
forms of energy . He will add. 
however, that all the most 
promising sources of renew- 
able energy supplies - solar, 
wind and tidal energy includ- 
ed - could meet only a small 
proportion of the increased 
demand next century, let 
alone present demand. 

Mr Walker's speech is likely 
to be seen by his colleagues as 
the opening shot in his battle 
to win approval in the Cabinet 
for the Sizcwe!! B reactor. 

From Ian Murray 

Mr Avraham Shalom, head 
of Shin But, Israel’s counter 
intelligence agency, resigned 
yesterday and was granted an 
immediate presidential pardon 
for any crimes he may have 
committed two years ago. after 
two captured Palestinian bus 
hijackers were handed over to 
the agency. 

The amnesty, which has 
been extended to senior un- 
named officers who have not 
resigned, has made it impassi- 
ble fur Mr Yosef Harish, the 
new Attorney Ceneral. to 
launch a meaningful police or 
judicial enquiry, even though 
he legally has the right to do 

It will also mean an end to 
any investigation into ihe roles 
played by Mr Shimon Peres 
and Mr Yitzhak Shamir, who 
have been the two Prime 
Ministers responsible for Shin 
Bet since the hijacking. 

At a meeting with the most 
senior members of the govern- 
ment Mr Harish said it was 
impossible for him to stop the 
police enqniry into the affair, 
w hich had been ordered by his 
predecessor. Mr Yitzhak 
Zamir. Since, however, it 
might be difficult to maintain 
tbe secrecy of such an investi- 
gation, he was prepared to set 
up a judicial enquiry. 

It was at this point that Mr 
Shalom, who had been called 
to the meeting, offered his 
resignation and Mr Yitzhak 
Moda’i. the Justice Minister, 
paid a midnight cal! to the 
presidential palace to be prom- 
ised hy President Herzog that 
the Shin Bet men would be 
given an amnesty. 

Mr Harish said he was very 
disappointed at the outcome, 
hut conceded there would be 
no point in launching an 
enquiry when there was no 
way of prosecuting anyone 
once the evidence was collect- 
ed. The most he was able to 
obtain from the cabinet was 
agreement on a new special 
committee to set up future 
procedures for the way Shin 
Set vperafML' - 

j The only legs! process on 
j the case still continuing is the 
i hearing before the High Court 
of an appeal against unfair 
dismissal by Mr Rafi Malka.s 
former senior Shin Bet officer 
who was forced to leave the 
service after telling Mr Peres 
(hat the two Palestinians died 
on the orders of Mr Shalom, 
who then masterminded a 
cover-up. That case, being 
heard in secret, has been 
opened but adjourned. 

There are four no confidence 
motions tabled in the Knesset 
hy small left wing parties over 
the government’s handling of 
the case. 3ut it was clear 
yesterday evening that a ma- 
jority of Knesset members 
were only too glad a way had 
been found to avoid the proper 
enquiry at this stage. 

Secrecy safeguard, p 2 ge 9 

W Germany 

By Our Sports Staff 

West Germany reached the 
World Cup final in Mexico 
City on Sunday after beating 
France in a match played last 
night in Guadalaja. 

They went ahead in the 
ninth minute through Brehme 
who scored from a free kick. 

It will be the fifth time the 
Germans have reached the 
final, they won the trophy in 
1954 and 1974 and have twice 
been losing finalists. 

Earlier England manager 
Bobby Robson predicted 
France and Argentina, who 
played Belgium in Mexico 
City last night, would make it 
to ibe final in the Azieca 

Brehme shot the ball 
around the French wall to 
produce his third goal for his 

Report, page 46 

Monopoly control looms for too-high salt prices 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 
Price controls on salt were 
recommended yesterday by 
ihe Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission after it found a 
monopoly involving ICI and 
British Salt, part of Staveley 
Industries, was against ibe 
public interest. Prices have 
been higher than they would 
have been with effective com- 
petition, the Commission 

British Salt, a lower-cost 
and hence more efficient pro- 
ducer than ICI. had chosen to 
follow price rises brought in 

by ICI despite "significant” 
cost differences between the 
two companies, the Commis- 
sion said in its report* after an 
investigation lasting iwo-and- 
a-half yearsu 

British Salt accounts for half 
the market in salt which has 
wide industrial uses as well as 
8 per ccni of it being packed by 
other companies for table and 
cooking use. ICI accounts for 
45 per cent of the market. 

The food processing indus- 
try accounts for 14 per cent of 
salt produced, animal feed- 
stuff* 8 per cent and water 
softening 5 per cent, while 

industrial uses include the 
production of caustic soda and 
various chemicals as well as 
treatment for roads in winter. 
Salt exports account for 18 per 
cent of production. 

Both ICI and British Salt 
mine their salt supplies in 
Cheshire. Sail for table and 
cooking use is sold on to a 
wide variety of companies but 
the market leader is Ranks 
Hovis McDougalJ with its 
main brands or Cerebos and 

Mr Brian Kent- group man- 
aging director for Staveley 

Industries, said he did not 
expect new controls to have 
any impact on prices of table 
and cooking salt on the super- 
market shelves because the 
biggest costs involved in this 
sector were those like 

The Commission recom- 
mended a price-control sys- 
tem which would be an 
incentive to improve efficien- 
c\. A weighted index of pro- 
duction costs could be applied 
only to British Salt, so ensur- 
ing no competitor could raise 
prices above the British Sait 
level without jeopardizing its 

market share, the Commis- 
sion suggested. 

The Government has ac- 
cepted the findings and Sir 
Gordon Borrie, director-gen- 
eral of the Office of Fair 
Trading, is to ask for under- 
lakings from British Salt on 
limiting prices in accordance 
with an index. 

The procedure for deter- 
mining prices in the industry 
did not amount Lo collusion, 
the Commission decided. 

* Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission Report on H'hife 
Sail (Cnuid 97 ~S): Stationery 
Office. £10.65. 


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Spending cuts 
put forces 
under threat, 
MPs say 

By Richard Enos, Political Correspondent 

The operational capability 
of Britain's armed forces is 
under threat because of large 
cuts in defence spending over 
the next three years, an all- 
party Commons report said 

While the Ministry of De- 
fence has attempted to cloud 
the fun scale of cash cuts, the 
defence Select Committee 
says that those could total 
7 per cent in real terras by 
1988-89. excluding spending 
on the Falklands. 

The MPs say the main 
source of economies will be 
the equipment budget and add 
that Mr George Younger, 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
win have to make “painful" 

“We note that this reduc- 
tion in defence expenditure 
comes at a time when, in the 
view of the Secretary of State, 
the threat to our security is no 
less than it was, and in some 
respects (is) greater,” they add. 

The Select Committee says 
that improved management of 
the defence budget, combined 
with improved efficiency, win 
not avoid consequent cuts or 
delays, affecting equipment in 

“There is a risk of an 
adverse effect on operational 
capability, but not in itself 
amounting to the ending of a 
major role or commitment 



Any further economies 
have a direct effect 
capability", it says. 

The about-turn m defence 
spending comes after an 
18 per cent increase in real 
terms between 1979-80 and 
1984-85, when equipment ex- 
penditure increasing by 36 per 

The strain on the defence 
budget is likely to be exacer- 
bated by pay increases to the 
armed forces which this year 
cost £129 million more than 
was planned - about the cost 
of a Type 23 frigate - and in 
1986-87 will be £36 million 
above the planned total. 

The MPs also warn that the 
decline of merchant ships 
available for defence purposes 
“remains a matter of 
concern," and they call for a 
formal government statement 
spelling out policy. 

• The report urges the Minis- 
try of Defence to examine 
urgently “corrective 
measures" aimed at stopping 

the flow of Royal Air Force 
pilots retiring early and join- 
ing domestic airlines. It costs 
the taxpayer £2.87 .million to 
train an RAF pilot to opera- 
tional fast jet standards, bat in 
the first 1 1 months of 1985, 
1 47 left the service, 58 of them 
on premature voluntary re- 
tirement. The RAF is short of 
100 junior officer pilots. 

Tories’ £lm mail 
publicity effort 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

The Conservative Party is 
to spend about £! million on a 
publicity campaign aimed at 
winning the hearts and minds 
of about six million voters 
before the next election. 

Key groups such as the 
young, home owners, parents 
with small children and the 
old trill be sent a series of 
letters from party headquar- 
ters setting out the Govern- 
ment's thinking on political 
and social issues. 

They will also be asked to 
give their views on matters 
such as unemployment, social 
services, education and law 
and order as part of an unpre- 
cedented rolling survey of 
public opinion aimed at shap- 
ing the contents of the next 
Tory manifesto. 

A computer data bank con- 
taining about three million 
addresses will be used and the 
target six million are likely to 
be contacted several times 
during the course of the 

Some will be brought to- 
gether in small groups to 
expand on their ideas about 
what should be done to tackle 
big political problems. 

The campaign is also in- 
tended to raise money towards 
wiping out an overdraft which 
stands at about£l.S million. 
Those contacted will be in- 
vited to make a contribution 
to party funds. 

The scheme is the brain- 
child of Sir Christopher 
Lawson, the marketing expert 
who helped to mastermind the 
1983 election victory and who 
rejoined the Conservative 
Party's Central Office six 
weeks ago as Director of 
Special Services. 

The campaign starts with a 
.pilot mailingaimed at 10,000 
people this week. 

He said he was concentrat- 
ing on direct mail because he 
did not believe other media 
such as television, radio and 
newspapers were as effective 
in getting a message across to 
people in their homes. 

The object of the exercise 
was communication — to put 
the Conservative case and to 
listen to what people are 
saying — and any funds raised 
were merely a “by-product” of 
that process. 

Echoing a familiar Tory 
refrain. Sir Christopher said 
the party was “foiling to get its 
message across in other ways". 

The Conservatives used di- 
rect mail on a much smaller 
scale before the last election, 
reaching about 300,000 people 
in the 12 months before poll- 
ing day. 

The other parties have fol- 
lowed foal lead, but. according 
to Sir Christopher, Central 
Office is confident that it can 
maintain its 

livery flying above the Essex countryside yesterday when 

BMA ‘no’ 
to move 
on records 

Patients foould not be given 
foe legal right of access to 
medical records, the British 
Medical Association decided 
yesterday. Instead it should 
always be the doctor who 
what info r ma tion from 
records a patient can have. 

In a derision that showed 
doctors to be deeply divided on 
foe issue, foe British Medical 
Association's animal repre- 
sentative meeting in Scarbor- 
ough overturned advice that 
foe association's comidl had 
given foe Department of 

The conned had backed 
DHSS proposals that patients 
should have a qualified legal 
right of access to summaries 
and computerized records 
about them under foe Data 
Protection Act. 

The qualification would be 
to protect patients such as 
children and foe mentally «D 
from information which might 
harm them, and under the De- 
partment's proposals patients 
would be able to appeal to 
another doctor and eventually 
the omits for a second opinion 
on whether information should 
be withheld. 

But foe meeting derided by 
184 votes to 169 that there 
should be no legal right of 
t fftms to co mp uterized re- 
cords, despite a plea from Dr 
John Marks, chair man of foe 
BMA’s conned, that doctors 
should recognize that among 
the public “there is a great up- 
surge against paternalism and 
against foe idea that doctor 
knows best". 

“Most patients," he said, 
“have do wish whatsoever to 
know what is in their notes, 
foit they want to know that if 
they want to know they can 
find out" 

The conference insisted that 
any access patients may have 
to their records most always be 
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die doctor considers foe girl 
too immature to understand 
die issues involved. 

Iff a doctor derided to breach 
foe patient's confidence foe 
onus of justifying foe disclo- 
sure should rest firmly on the 
doctor, the meeting decided. 

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The Stalker inquiry 

Police chief defends his integrity 

By Peter Davenport 

Mr John Stalker, the deputy 
off 1 

chief constable taken off the 
. inquiry into the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary after disciplin- 
ary allegations, said yesterday 
that the investigation against 
him was breaking new ground 
about the relationship be- 
tween senior polios officers 
and the public. 

He said that the report 
compiled against him on al- 
leged unwise associations with 
criminals could be levelled 
against any senior police offi- 
cer, judge or bishop. 

“It seems to be spotlighting 
the nature of a senior 
policeman's duties. When a 
person such as me arrives at a 

senior rank,' he makes a 
judgement about whether he 
will be chauffeur-driven- to 
mid from work, lode bis door 
at night, and not mix with 
people, or to continue to live 
in the real world. 

“At the end of the day, what 
matters is the personal integri- 
ty of the man.” • 

Mr Stalker, aged 47, added 
that be had laid down one 
simple ground rule to afi his 
friends: “Don't ask me any 
favours, because you won'tget 

The Deputy Chief Consta- 
ble of Greater Manchester has 
been on extended leave for a 
month while Mr Colin Samp- 
son, Chief Constable of West 

Yorkshire, in vestigates disci- 
plinary allegations. Mr Samp* 
son has also replaced Mr 
Stalker as bead of the inquiry 
into the RUCs alleged shoot- 
to4dIl policy. 

Yesterday, Mir Stalker held 
a press conference about his 
private friendships and social 

It came after a meeting on 
. Monday with Mr Sampson, at 
which be was told of events 
being investigated, all finked 
.to his. 17-year friendship with 
Mr Kevin Taylor, a Manches- 
ter businessman and former 
chairman of the city’s Conser- 
vative Association. 

At foe press conference, Mr 
Stalker's lawyers issued a 

statement calling on foe 
Greater Manchester Police 
Authority to allow him to 
return to work immediately. 

Mr Stalker’s case is to be 
discussed by foe authority's 
controlling Labour group \o~ 

night, and by the full authority 

on Monday. _ 

Yesterday. Mr Rodger Pan- 
none, one of Mr Stalker’s 
lawyers, said that they had 
been presented with a report 
detailings holiday Mr Stalker 
and Mr Taylor had spent 
together, and four functions 
they had attended between 
I9K and 1985. They were also 
shown five photographs taken 
at Mr Taylor’s fiftieth birth- 
day party in 1982. 

Code for crown 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The new Crown Prosecu- 
tion Service, which is taking 
over responsibility for prose- 
cutions from foe police, is 
urged in a code of guidance to 
be “resolute" in ordering 
when necessary that proceed- 
ings should be dropped. 

The police decision to pros- 
ecute should never be met 
“with passive acquiescence” 
but mustralways be foe subject 
of review, foe code, published 
yesterday by the Attorney 
General, says. . . • 

Under foe new service, now 
in force in parts of the country, 
foe crown prosecutors have 
power to.order that proceed- 
ings. .sorted by the police 
should be dropped where 
cases are weak or it is other- 
wise in the public interest. 

That power is “foe most 
visible demonstration of foe 
service’s fundamental com- 
mitment towards ensuring 
that only fit and .proper cases 
are taken to trial”, the new 
code says. 

It emphasizes that foe pow- 
er to order proceedings to be 
dropped is a “continuing one" 
and crown prosecutors should 
continue to exercise their re- 

viewing function even when 
proceedings are under way. 

That is important it says, 
because “the emergence of 
new evidence or information 
may sometimes cast doubt on 
the propriety of foe initial 
decisions to proceed”. 

■ Normal practice will be to 
consult with the police when- 
ever it is proposed to discon- 
-tinue proceedings, started by 
them, the code says. 

• The new service was strong- 
ly criticised, yesterday by a 
London magistrate who bad 
threatened to release an al- 
leged killer unless his case was 
speeded up. 

Mr Enc Crowfoer. foe 
Horeeferry Road magistrate,- 
said there had been an “inex- 
cusable and inexplicable” de- 
lay in ibe case. He said thattbe 
“inefficiency and incom- 
pwence" of prosecuting agen- 
cies in general was partly to 
blame for .prison over- 
crowding. ■ 

. “In 35 years in the law 1 
don't think 1 have ever heard 
of prosecution papers being 
lost until the CTOwn Prosecu- 
tion Service came here two 
months ago". 

Solicitors may County chief 

limit demands 
on advocacy 

A significant shift in the 
debate among lawyers over 
advocacy rights was indicated 
last night when the Law 
Society president floated foe 
idea that wider rights for 
solicitors should be confined 
to those involved in litigation. 

“How would foe College of 
Judges and foe Bar react to 
aspirations for increased 
rights of audience pot forward 
on behalf of such a group 
rather than on behalf of all 
solicitors?" Sir Alan Leslie 

At foe same time, he said 
there was an irresistible trend 
towards specialization among 
solicitors which would re- 
move work from the specialist 

“Certain of the larger City 
firms are already doing a' 
signficant amount of work as 
consultants", he said. 

to head 
Law Society 

The chief executive of War- 
wickshire County Council has 
been apppointed the new sec- 
retary general of foe Law 

Mr John Hayes, aged 41, a 
member of the society’s coun- 
cil since 1985, will succeed Mr 
John Bowron, who retires next 

- The society also announced 
yesterday that Mr Christopher 
Saowting has been appointed 
foe new director of legal aid, 
succeeding Mr David Ed- 
wards, who is leaving in 
August to take a post in 

Mr Snowiing, aged 51, is 
secretary of its professional 
purposes committee which is 
to be disbanded in September 
with foe setting up of the new 
Solicitors* Complaints’ 

on tactics 

By Richard Ford 

Unionist leaders m North- 
era Ireland yesterday attempt- 
ed to tniahnize divisions about 
tite tactics used to defeat the 

leaders remain mated 
on foe overall ana, bat e gulf 
remains on foe strategy for the 
next few mouths, which has 
been exacerbated by foe -Rev 
Ian Paisley’s attacks on police 
and his fhiin that. the Prov- 
ince is on the verge of civil war. 

Mr Pkisfey^ Democratic 
Unionist Party colleagues' are 
furious that only two Official 
Unionists took part m foe sit- 
in' at. the Chamber of -foe 
Defunct Northern Ireland 

They are also unhappy at 
the presence of Official Union- 
ist MPs at Westminister, be- 
lieving thafthey are gradually 
being coaxed back into parlia- 
mentary business. 

After his call for the mobili- 
zation of Protestant people, 
Mr Paisley denied he was 
talkiug about threatening peo- 
ple or usng violence against 
them, but said “loyalists” 
mast be “ready to take over 
oar own country”. 

Mr Paisley V darien call 
has been greeted with dismay 
by some members of foe OUP, 
who know he faces aq uphill 

party's leaders are 
confident the vast majority of 
Unionist people wfll not rally 
to his side, although they have 
plans for passive civil disobe- 
dience to defeat foe agreement 
Elsewhere on foe streets and 
among political opponents, Mr 
Paisley's remarks have been 
greeted with cynical laughter 
and ridicule, though there are 
fears tint wilder “loyalist” 
dements may be encouraged 
to attack police officers and 
members of foe minority 
co mm u n ity. 

Mr Seamus Malkm, Social 
Democratic and Labour party 
MP for Newry Armagh de- 
scribed Mr Paisley as the 
“leader of the loyalist doj^ of 
war”. He urged “loyalists" not 
to be fooled: “I hope they 
that Mr Prisfey 

always fights to the last drop 
of somebody rise's Mood.” 

Leading article, page 15 

attack on 
news plant 


A senior policeman warned 
yesterday that it was only a 
matter of time before some- 
one was very seriously injured 
in- foe dispute between the 
print unions and News 

The warning from Bedford- 
shire police came after scenes 
kof sukained and bitter vio- 
lence early yesterday at a 
depot in Cosgrave Way, La- 
ton, used to distribute News 
International newspapers. 

About 40. men supporting 
the 5,500 print workers who 
wept oh strike stormed the 
depot add smashed their way 
with iron bars ^through two 
sections of chain link 

Inside the plant, they at- 
tacked police with bricks and 
other mi ssil e s. The violence 
subsided when police rein- 
forcements arrived. - • 

- Chief Inspector Ralph 
Miller said it was foe worst 
night of violence connected 
with an industrial dispute foe 
town bad seen fin* many years. 

He added: “We are very 
concerned Hot with this level 
of violence somebody will be 

It a ppea re d that most of the 
men involved were from out- 
side Bedfordshire. The only 
man arrested, for a public 
order offence, came from 
West Sussex. 

At the height of the violence 
two men on their way towork 
were slightly injured and sev- 
en vehicles belonging to the 
distribution company 
T. N. T. damaged. Six private 
vehicles had windscreens 

more than 200 

people lasted anti] foe early 
hours but distribution was not 


• Print union leaders 

w moi union leaders yes- 
terday met Mr Norman Willis, 
general secretary of foe TUG 
to discuss the dispute. After- 
wards Miss Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of Sogat ’82 
said that the electricians’ 
union leader,. Mr No rman 
Hammond, would not be 
negotiating on their bahalf 
when he meets Mr Rupert 
Murdoch in New York tomor- 
row. . 

Fanners to get fall-out compensation 

The effect of foe Chernobyl 
nuclear power station disaster 
on formers will be raised with 
foe Soviet Union’s senior 
agriculture minister, Mr 
Vsevolod Murakhovsky, 
when he visits Britain, next 

However, it is understood 
that There is nothing in inter- 
national law which would 
allow Britain or other coun- 
tries to sue foe Soviet govern- 
ment for damages. 

All the indications are that 
foe Russians will ignore or 
reject daims from outride 
eastern Europe. 

The Soviet media have 
criticised western European 
measures taken after the 
disaster as exaggerated. 

The Government has de- 
clined to commit itself .to 
compensating formers, but the 
Ministry of Agriculture -and 
the Scottish Department of 
Agriculture have . said .that 
claims will be treated 

It is ■virtually tiertaitfrthar 
formers will be paid foe [value 
of animals slaughtered, as part 
»■ { . 

By Staff Reporters 

radiation, testing National Farmers' Union said 
yesterday that it was larger 
than it would normally have 
expected. : 

of foe 

But because of restrictions 
on movement and slaughter of 
sheep imposed in parts of 
North Wales and Cumbria last 
Friday, and Scotland on Tues- 
day, tenners could also chum 
that incomes have suffered 
from not being able to obtain 
foe best possible prices. 

Average wholesale prices 
have fallen from £191.4 a 
kilogram last week to £L45.6 
this week. This is partly a 
normal seasonal drop, but foe 

If lambs are kept on forms 
beyond the time when they 
would ordinarily have been 
sent to market, they may 
become too fat to qualify for 

costs in keeping foe animate 
«*d may experience cash flow 
difficulties. Although the ntia- 
istry has said that radiation 
Mould have no effect on foe 
fertility of breeding ewes, 
would-be purchasers in affect- 
ed areas may think o the rwise. 
Mr Alex Carifle, Mp for 

. . . wi w • - ; ■ ■ ■» 1 ivi 

the variable premium, a subsi- ■ -Montgomery, said .yesterday 
dy paid to sheep formers to foere was a suspicion that 

compensate for the difference 
between foe guaranteed and 
market price. 

Wales's two 

They wDl abo, incur extra 

Caution ‘unnecessary’ 

Levels of nuclear contami- 
nation in milk and dairy 
products in the areas of Waks 
and Cumbria where shee p 
have been costsunmateddonot 
warrant precautionary action, 
the Government said 

In a Commons written reply 
to Mr John Home Robertson, 
Labour MP for East Lothian, 
Agriculture Junior Minister 
Mrs Peggy Fenner, said data 

had been published by the 
Ministry ofAgrfcufture show- 
ing the results of tests at 
forms, creameries and dairies 
since toe beginning of May: 

"Them show that the levels 
of radknodine aud radiocae- 
- slum in cows’ milk- awl dairy 
products have-; always been 
well below those at which any 
precautionary adioh would 
need to be co ns i de red,” she 
said. ’ • ---• - ; 

from ■ North 
nuclear power 
gafaons, Trawsfynydd and 
Wyife, might be a foctor in 
increased radiation levels. 

aid saves 




Sadler’s Wells Theatre 
London h as been saved from 
closure by £200.000 in spoa. 
soritip by Digital Equipment, 
the computer company. : 

The money is pari of a 
£500.000 “Partners in Dance** 
programme announced yes- 
terday under which foe firm 
has 'gives Sadler's Wen* 
£100.000 for this financial 
year, with another £100,060 
proposed for next. The 
scheme will also sponsor con- 
temporarv dance. sf new Lot- 
don Festival Ballet production 
of The Sutcrocker. and estate 
lish awards. 

The Minister for the Are, 
Mr Richard Luce, is contribut- 
ing £125000 af foe £500,000 
under foe Go ve r nm e n t s Busi- 
ness Incentive Scheme for the 

Actor’s defight, page 24 

Extra funds 
aim for games 

Mr Robert Maxwell, pub- 
lisher and chairman of Minor 
Group Newspapers, said yes- 
terdav foal extra sponsorship 
capacitv. yielding a possible 
£2.5 million, had been identi- 
fied to rescue the Common- 
wealth Games from a loss of 
up to £4.7 million on its 
£14 million budget. 

in Edit 

inburgh for 
the first time since taking over 
as chairman of the * fund- 

raising organization, Mr Max- 
well denied that he intended 
to “hijack" foe Games, which 
start in Edinburgh rar July 
24.His only commitment, be 
said, was towards rescuing 
them- . 

Welsh protest, page 48 

More talks on 
help for NUM 

The TUC General Council 
decided yesterday that the 
fund, set up at the 1982 
Wembley conference to fight 
foe Government's employ- 
ment legislation, could not be 
made available to foe Nation- 
al Union of Mineworkers to 
help to meet foe costs of its 
year-long strike. 

But the TUC has not dosed 
the door on giving the miners 
assistance in some form and 
win continue talks on the 

Air safety 
fears growing 

Siege gunman 
kills himself 

A young gunman who ted 
held police at bay with a 
shotgun since Sunday shot 

and killed himself yesterday. 

g, aged 22, 

Anthony Pulling, 
shot himself in his family’s 
Georgian mansion at Wei ton, 
near Hull, after a siege which 
began when the police were 
called to investigate a suspect- 
ed burglary. 

Escaper found 

Alvada Kooken, a murderer 
whose escape while on an 
outing from Broadmoor led 10 
fears for the safety, of the 
Princess of Wales's gynae- 
cologist, Mr George Pinker, 
was found yesterday in 

Hatton escape 

Mr Derek Hatton and Mr 
Tony Mulhearn yesterday sur- 
vived a vote that sought to 
relegate tham to the back 
benches of Liverpool . .City 
Council as independent coun- 
cillors after their expulsion 
from the Labour Party. 

Channon case 

■Thames Valley police siid 
last night that a man aged "3 1 
would appear before Oxford 
magistrates tomorrow on sev- 
en drugs charges, including 
supplying drugs to Olivia 
Channon. ... 

£1.4m farm 

A 424-acre form at Hbl- 
beath, Lincolnshire, has been 
sold far nearly £1.4. /nilliba 
The land was auctioned 1 : at 
f3,229 an acre. 

•to ra mmi Hi 


70 ctntt; D«mmm Pfcr ftOtt 

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. Worry about security and 
safety anr aircraft, rather than 
the American bombing of 
Libya, may have led to foe 
drop in American tourists 
yisitrag Britain, according tpa 
Harris pqfl conducted in tfee 
United Sraies. 

The poll found that concern 
about air safely and the lack of 
effective security measures 
grew last year, long before foe 
use of British bases by US 
bombers on the Libyan raids. 

• - 

a ; -i i,r-. ;•••. I 

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* Ss 

THE TIMES THUKSL>A*i , : • 2o mt> 

■ <5 


Leoni’s depraved killer 
sentenced to four 
terms of life in prison 

Gary Hopkins, an unem- 
ployed labourer who subjected 
link Leoni Keating to a night 
of sexual tenor before throw- 
ing her bound and alive into a 
watery grave, received four 
tile sentences yesterday for her 
abduction and murder — and 
fQr the previous kidnapping of 
two other girls. 

- . “The circumstances of her 
death display a degree of 
callousness and depravity 
which is almost, unbel- 
ievable”, Mr Justice Mann 
told Hopkins, aged 28. 

The judge added that medi- 
cal reports showed that for the 
indefinite future Ho pkins 
would pose a threat to young 

Hopkins stood impassively 
in the dock at Ipswich Crown 
Court as a jury convicted him 
and the judge said he was 
recommending to the Home 
Secretary that Hopkins serve a 
minimum of 25 yeans in 

After passing a unanimous 
verdict of guilty to three-year- 

By Midtael Horsnel] 

old LeonTs murder last year, 
the jury heard details of the 
two previous .kidnappings of 
young, girls committed by 
Hopkins at. caravan sites in 
East Anglia. 

Hopkins had admitted the 
kidnappings and charges of 
theft and wounding, but the 
judge ordered that evidence 
on the Leoni killing should be 
heard first. 

Leoni was with her mother, 
Mrs Gail Keating, at the end 
of a week’s holiday for bat T 
tered wives and foetr children 
at the Seashore caravan site in 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, 
when Hopkins kidnapped her 
on the night of September 13, 
198S — a charge he admi tted, 
although he denied her 

Leoni had been left alone in 
the caravan by her mother 
who went out for the evening 
to the camp dub with her 
elder daughter Nikki and 

Hopkins took Leoni from 
her bed after stealing a length 

- of twine from outside another 
caravan and drove tier nearly 
70 miles to Barton Mills in 

There he threw her body 
into a relief channel of the 
River Lark, alive and with her 
handy ho und behind her back 
with the stolen twine, to 

After the hearing- LeonTs 
mother, Mrs Gail Keating 
said:. “1 am. relieved and very, 
very pleased with the result of 
the trial and very grateful that 
this man was caught. 

“The past few months have 
been indescribably worrying 
and difficult.” 

And Leoni’s father, Mr 
David Cornell, aged .41, who 
lost a custody order for the 
little girl only seven weeks 
before her death, said: “Gary 
Hopkins' greatest punishment 
will be in prison. 

“He wiD spend years rotting 
in a cell as a child kilter. His 
torment will go on and on, 
much longer than my little 

Little body in the water was 
mistaken for ‘broken toy’ 

, The short life of Leoni 
.Keating — the lively and 
sometimes wilful product of a 
broken: home — was as anset- 
tled as its end was violent 

The pretty, fair-haired tod- 
dler spent it in a variety of 
"London lodgin g s , hippie com- 
munes and, for the last eight 
months, at a women's aid 
centre for battered wives in 
.Chiswick, west London. 

* When Mrs Margaret WQ- 
ton-Jones, a housewife on a 
caravan holiday, discovered 
foe body covered in silt in a 
release channel at Barton 
Mills, Suffolk, last September 
she first thought she was 
looking at a broken toy. 

The discovery timed a hunt 
for a missing child from foe 
Seashore caravan site at Great 
Yarmouth, Norfolk, into a 
murder inquiry nearly 70 miles 
away involving 170 officers 
from three forces. . 

September 13 was foe last 
day of a week's bofiday for a 
party of women and their 
children from foe aid centre. It 
was a week Leoni. enjoyed in 
caravan K50 with Mrs Gail 
Keatmg, aged' 33, hex half- 
sister Nfi&ky, now a$d 14, and - 
■two other children aged 13 and 

Mrs Keating wanted to 
spend the last night of foe 

holiday with the older children 
and friends at the caravan site 
clubhouse before leaving the 
next raoniBig. 

At 8.15pm Leon! had a meal 

of egg »n»l chips and finall y 
fell asleep at 93%m. 

Half an hour later, Mrs 
Keating locked the caravan 
and left her daughter alone, 
the last time she was to see 
her. An older child from the 
site whom Mrs Keating odd 
the police she had expected to 
babysit failed to arrive. 

Gary Hopkins, aged 28, a 
diminutive unemployed build- 
er from Bedford with a string 
of convictions for burglary and 
indecency, was on foe prowL 

He had driven to Yarmouth 
that day from Bedford in his 
ageing brown Rover 2000 with 
false nmnber plates, a switch 
he always made when be went 

After breaking into the 
Keating caravan with a skele- 
ton key at about 1030pm. he 
went note foe bedroom, folded 
back the bedclothes and kid- 
napped the sleepy little giri 
His prisoner probably slept 
■urinate- journey; to Barton 
Mills near MDdenhalL 
- It was a wooded, riverside 
spot' Hopkins had 
reconnoitred and photo- 


Leoni: Sexually abused and 

Hopkins: Impassive as sen- 
tence was passed. 

graphed in foe previous four 
months. But before he reached 
it be was forced to stop foe car 
because Leoni bad awoken 
screaming. He bound her 
wrists behind her back with 
stolen twine. 

At Barton Mills be sexnaDy 
assaulted the girl before carry- 
ing her down a 15ft hank and 
throwing her into the water 
where she drowned. 

The brown Rover was seen 
parked near the murder scene 
by a terry driver in the early 
hours of September 14. It had 
been observed several hows 
earlier by a holidaymaker in 

That information, and 
PhotofiL picture assembled by 
Essex poli ce id a man wanted 
for abduction, were vital dues. 

The picture had been drawn 
up by a girl aged 10 . abducted 
from a St Osyth caravan site 
by Hopkms three years to the 
day before he .kidnapped 

Another strand in foe web. 
was a description given by a 
girl aged 14 whom he had 
abducted from foe Yarmouth 
caravan srteon June 28 last 

Because Hopkins remained 
alow priority suspect he was 
seen by a young detective 
constable from Bedfordshin 

Det Constable Wright went 
to the two-bedroom flat in 
Bedford where Hopkins lived 
and arrested him. He was 
photographed and fingerprint- 

The fingerprints matched 
those found at another caravan 
site after an attempted abduc- 
tion. The face Constable 
Wright saw was the same as 
that in the photograph. 

When the officer learnt that 
Hopkins had recently sold a 
brown Rover — and the wom- 
an he was living with 
unsuspectingly added that her 
lover was a regular visitor to 
Great Yarmouth — foe police 
had their man. 

. Beechook 
deranged 9 

■ Mirella Beechook was men- 

■ /tally deranged and had lost her 
self-control when she stran- 
gled her daughter Tina, aged 
-seven, and the girl's playmate, 
‘Stacey Kavanagh, aged four, 

■ the Central Criminal Court 
was told yesterday. 

Dr Raghu Gaind, a psychia- 

- trist, said: “How sudden the 
• loss of self-control was- is 
difficult to say. It has to be 
seen in the context of her 
being mentally deranged at the 

Mrs Beechook, aged 26, of 
Swan Road Estate, Roth- 
-eririthe, south London, denies 
murdering the girls on Sep- 
tember 18 last year. 

■ - Mr Alan Green, for the 
prosecution, has told the court 
there was no dispute that Mrs 
Beechook killed both children. 
The issue was whether she 
intended to kill them and, if 
. she did. whether she was 
-suffering from an abnormality 
of mind that diminished her 

- responsibility. 

Mr David Pitcher, another 
psychiatrist, read Mrs Bee- 
ebook’s account of how she 
stranded her daughter. She 
lold him she took both girts to 
play in Southwark Park. 

She said: “I strangled 
Stacey. I cannot tell you what 
she said or if there was a 
struggle. All I could bear-was 
'strangle, strangle', as if some- 
one was saying it.”Mis 
Beechook said she returned 
home with Tina "arid the 
same thing just happened My 
head was spi nnin g.” 

Dr Pitcher said: “l cannot 
recall a more difficult case foal 
1 have bad to deal with. 

“Jl is likely her behaviour is 
as much a mystery to her as. to 
others.- Derangement could 
'well be there,, but I am so 
perplexed 1 cannot say defi- 
nitely one way or foe other." 

The trial contiimes today. 

Policy team study 
sugar and health 

. By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The possible risks to health 
of sugar in foe diet are to be in- 
vestigated by a team of experts 
who will report their findings 
to foe Government. 

The Committee on Medical 
Aspects of Food Policy 
(Coma), which advises the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security on national 
food and health strategies, will 
set up a group of specialists to 
study foe evidence on the 
increasingly controversial 
subject. ' 

An official announcement is 
expected to be made soon. 

The committee has pro- 
duced reports on "diet and 
cardiovascular dimam, and 
daily amounts of food, energy 
and nutrients. 

Britain has no policy on 
sugar and health, but some 
medical experts believe foal 
sugar consumption should be 
cut by half because of suspect- 
ed links with tooth decay, 
obesity, and- possibly heart 

The British Nutrition Foun- 
dation, which is funded by foe 
food industry, set up a task 

force on sugars andsyrups two 
years ago and publication of 
its report is imminent. 

There has been dissent 
among members of the task 
force, however, over foe rec- 
ommendation of one special- 
ist that there should be a 
50 per cent reduction in aver- 
age sugar intake. 

The ; report recommends 
that frequent consumption of 
sugar should be avoided, with 
a suggested limit of five times 
a day, to combat tooth decay. 
It also says that people who 
are overweight should consid- 
er reducing sugar consump- 
tion, among other things. 

It says, however, that there 
is no evidence of a direct 
association between sugar and 
heart disease, although it ac- 
knowledges that obesity is a 
risk factor. 

The move to set up a team 
under the committee is being 
seen as an attempt by foe 
Government to improve on 
the foundation's research and 
to settle some of the conflicts 
between the sugar industry 
and health professionals. 

Murder not explained 

Christopher Tierney’s mar- 
riage ended in a "savage 
murder” after 17. days when 
he tore up his marriage certifi- 
cate and stabbed, his tiny 
bride. Sash, 25 times with a 
knife in afrenried rage, a court 
was told yesterday. 

But whai led to foe violent 
rod of the couple’s short-lived 
marriage remains unknown. 
Mr Thomas Field-Fisher, QC, 
for the prosecution, said at 
Exeter - Down Court that 
aged 33, -who was 

unemployed,- -refused to give : 
any explanation to foe jpolice. 

. Tierney was jailed tor life 
after pfe&ing guilty to mur- 

dering his bride, aged 20, at 
their home in Alma Road, 
Plymouth, Devon. 

Tbe police found Mrs 
Tierney’s diary, in which her 
husband had scrawled foe 
words “left you” on the day of 
the murder, July 25 last year. 

They also found a tom en- 
velope on which Tierney had 
wrinen:. “You lied to me. If 
you want a life of deceit, have 
A alone. Stay away.” 

... Mr fidd-Ftsher said: “The 
murder was committed in a 
frenzy of rage. He said Tierney 
. stabbed his wife with a black- 
handled knife which . had a 
fiverinch blade. 

The Prince of Wales greeting members of the Asian community while visiting Lozells Road, 
Handsworth, yesterday, the scene of last year's riots (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

I will return, Prince says 

By Craig Seton 

The people of Handsworth, 
Birmingham, appealed to the 
Prime of Wales to help them 
to rebuild their shattered com- 
munity when he toured foe 
area yesterday, nine months 
after it was devastated by 

The Prince spent two hours 
amid tight security in the 
deprived, rundown inner-city 
district of Handsworth and 
Lozells, where the worst of foe 
rioting flared, tearing two dead 
and semes injured. 

He saw foe still derelict 
remains of more than 40 shops 

and stores that were destroyed 
by looters and arsonists. 

After listening to the pro- 
tests of local traders that they 
still had not been compensated 
for the damage, foe Prince 
said he would return to see the 
progress in rebuilding the 

The Prince faced the jeers 
and shoots of a small group of 
demonstrators, protesting 
about foe impending deporta- 
tion of a local man, when he 
arrived In Lozells Road. 

But their protest was 
drowned by foe cheers of 
hundreds of local black, white 

and Asian people holding 
banners and posters asking: 
“What is ©nr future, our future 
King?” and “Dear Prince, do 
not let Lozells die. 

Prince Charles was told of 
three workshops, housing and 
arts projects that were being 
funded since last September’s 
riot and heard that more than 
£20 milli on had been spent in 
foe area in the past five years. 

Mr Basil Clarke, foe out- 
spoken chairman iff foe 
Lozells Road Traders Associ- 
ation, showed die Prince 
traders* plans to build a new 
shopping precinct 

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Pricing review 
as more phone 
calls are made 

By Teresa Poole 

British Telecom may be 
making loo much money, 
given its position as a near- 
monopoly, as a result of 
increases in the number of 
phone calls being made. 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
head of Oftel, the government 
watchdog for foe telecom- 
munications industry, has 
started a study into the pricing 
formula imposed on Telecom 
at the time of privatization. 

He is expected to decide in 
foe autumn if it will have to be 
changed. If it is, there would 
be tighter limits on what 
Telecom could charge. 

At present foe overall 
charges for direct dialled in- 
land telephone calls and ex- 
change line rentals can be 
increased only by three per- 
centage points less than foe 
rate of inflation. 

That simple structure does 
not lake into accoum foe 
□umber of calls made. 

As that increases, they be- 
come more profitable because 
foe related costs rise more 
slowly. Last week Telecom 
announced a 19 per cent 

increase in profits to 
£1.81 billion. 

The price control rule ex- 
pires in 1989. But in Ofters 
1 985 annual report, published 
yesterday. Professor Carsberg 
says he would consider intro- 
ducing a new price structure if 
British Telecom's rate of re- 
turn on investment was too 
high. There is some concern 
that that is now the case. 

Oftel received 1,114 com- 
plaints about telecommunica- 
tions licensing, and a further 
10,000 were made on consum- 
er matters. 

The main areas of concern 
were tariffs and charges, quali- 
ty of service and disputed 
telephone accounts. 

Many arose from the new 
pricing structure imposed in 
November which increased 
the cost of local calls while 
cutting long-distance rates. 

Professor Carsberg says in 
his report that he will not 
allow that policy to be carried 
beyond what is justified on 
economic grounds. 

He also urges improve- 
ments in the public call box 

Fair trade chief hacks 
at guarantees jungle 

By Derek Harris 

Extensive improvements in 
guarantees for goods and ser- 
vices to protea consumers 
were called for yesterday by 
Sir Gordon Borne, Director 
General of Fair Trading, who 
said that without voluntary 
improvements he would con- 
sider recommending legis- 

A nationwide survey con- 
ducted for the Office of Fair 
Trading (OFT) reported an 
estimated 12.5 million claims 
under guarantee during three 
years to 1984. In about one in 
five instances consumers were 

(eft dissatisfied with foe result. 

That led Sir Gordon to call 
for widespread changes, in- 
cluding clearer detailing of 
guarantees, ready transfers of 
guarantees, improvements to 
those on second-hand cars and 
greater protection on long- 
term guarantees. 

Sir Gordon sai± “Guaran- 
tees offered by manufacturers 
and suppliers can be of great 
benefit to foe consumer, but 
all loo often they are used 
merely as a marketing ploy or 
as an additional source of 
income for foe trader”. 




Tambo interview 

Deterioration of houses 

All must join dialogue 


Mrs Lynda Chalker, Minuter of 
Slate for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, told the Com- 
mons that she did not think her 
meeting yesterday with Mr Oli- 
ver Tambo, acting President of 
the Afhcan National Congress, 
would give the wrong im- 
pression, that the Government 
had come down in favour of the 
ANC as the principal negotiat- 
ing authority with which Presi- 
dent Botha should be doing 

She told Mr Julian Amery 

(Brighton, Pavilion, O, who 
said her meeting could have 
given that impression, chat she 
had always made it clear, as had 
Sir Geoffrey Howe. Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, that the dialogue 
was to be between all groups. 

She informed MPs that 
representations were being 
made to the South African 
Government in London and 
Pretoria today about the state of 
emergency, arrests and deten- 
tions without triaL 
Mrs Chalker recalled that she 
had emphasized to Mr Tambo 
that violence could never lead to 
a solution of South Africa's 
problems and that a suspension 
of violence on all sides was 
essential to create a climate for 
dialogue and negotiations. 

She had also stressed, during a 
candid and useful exchange of 
views, the British Government’s 
continuing commitment to the 
early and complete elimination 
of apartheid. 

Mr George Robertson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, 
congratulated Mrs Chalker on 
her courage in changing the 
Prime Minister’s line and meet- 
ing Mr Tambo. 

We and the majority of the 
British people (he said) welcome 
the belated recognition by the 
Government of the reality that 
the ANC speaks for the voiceless 
millions in South Africa. 

But this meeting would be 
seen as little more than a gesture 
unless it became port of a 
process of dialogue with real 
opinion in South Africa, a 
country described by Mrs Helen 
Suzman last night as being like a 
Latin American dictatorship, 
and a process of real pressure 
from meaningful sanctions. 

The Government, ai the EEC 
summit tomorrow, should 
abandon its role as the last 
supporter of apartheid and put 
maximum pressure on South 
Africa to prevent the bloodshed 
predicted by the Eminent Per- 
sons Group. . . . . . . 

Mrs Chalker said it had been 
held that the ANC represented a 
lot of black opinion but not 

Britain would have no hesita- 
tion in leading the way m the 
most effective way possible to 
bring about an end to apartheid. 
Mr Anrery said the ANC un- 
doubtedly* represented an im- 
portant section of black African 
opinion though by no means aQ 
of it, perhaps not the majority of 

Moderate Africans, not pro 
apartheid but anti-ANC could 
have got the impression that the 
Government felt the ANC was 
the principal negotiating 

Mrs Chalker said it was impos- 
sible to say exactly if the ANC 
formed the majority of black 

Wtggjii: Win Government 
treat with terrorists? 

opinion. But they were one of 
many groups. It was dear that 
the ANC leaders believed there 
were other voices which should 
be heard in a dialogue between 
all peoples. 

Mr Alan Berth (Berwick upon 
Tweed, L): Would Mrs Chalker 
also meet Dr Allan Boesack of 
the UDF -who is already in 
London or is coming here? 

Mrs Chalker said that any 
suggestions that members of the 
Government meet various peo- 
ple would be considered on their 

Mr Mark Carlisle (Warrington 
South, O said many Tories 

lit right 

had met Mr Tambo as an 
important voice. 

But would she repudiate com- 
ments from the Opposition 
front bench that the Conser- 
vative Party was the last sup- 
porter of apanheid? 

Mrs Chalker agreed. The Gov- 
ernment would never be lagging 
in its condemnation of 

Mr Thomas Clarke (Mould ands 
West. Labi said sanctions as 
well as representations should 
be considered and asked the 
minister to deplore the action of 
a regime so insecure that it had 
felt it necessary to do what Mr 
Gorbachov had not done and 
steal Mr Denis Healey’s camera. 
Mrs Chalker said she was not 
aware of that particular viola- 
tion of the law. 

The Cabinet and the Prime 
Minister would go with an open 
mind to the meeting of the 
European Council on the most 
effective way to bring about a 
change in the attitude of the 
South African Government. 

Today (she said) representa- 
tions are being made to the 
South African Government 
both in Pretoria and London on 
the state of emergency and 
arrests and detentions without 

Sir Peter Emery (Honiton. C): 
Will she cry to ensure that the 
British Government does not 
find itself isolated from the 
Common wealth or the EEC in 
being unwilling to take a lead in 
positive action? We should con- 
demn absolutely the racist and 
repressive measures of the 
South African Government and 
we should be in the lead, not 

Mrs Chalker: I shall draw his 
remarks to the attention of the 
Foreign Secretary and the Prime 

Mr Gay Barnett (Greenwich, 
Lab): Violence from the African 
side cannot and will not be 
suspended until Nelson 
Mandela is released. Peaceful 
negotiations cannot and will not 
begin until that happens. 

Mrs Chalker We have repeat- 
edly called for the unconditional 
release of Nelson Mandela and 
other detainees because we do 
believe he is a man who could 
lead not only moderate opinion 
but also some of the people 
whose actions have got out of 
han d and are under the control 

of nobody at present. We hope 
there will be an early uncondi- 
tional release of Mr Mandela 
and. others Like him. 

Mr Anthony Nelson (Chich- 
ester, Q: Will she explain why it 
is wrong- to receive the FLO 
because they refuse to renounce 
terrorism and violence and it is 
right to receive the ANC which 
openly espouses it? 

Mrs Chalker Our official level 
contacts and my meeting yes- 
terday were an attempt- which 
the Government believes 
should be made to uy to bring 
an end to the violence and a 
start to tbe dialogue. * 

Mr David Neffist (Coventry. 
South East, . Lab): In the 
representations made -today to 

the South African Government, 

what reference was made to the 
feet that within the 3.000 arrests 
in the last 10 days US are key 
trade union leaders, from shop 
stewards to general secretaries, 
many of whom lead workers 
who work for the subsidiaries of 
British firms? 

What representations to se- 
cure their release are being 
made? Or are the profits from 
the investments of British 
companies in South Africa more 
important than the rights of 
workers in that country? 

Mm Chalker The represent- 
ations are being at this 
very time in both London and 
Pretoria. Representations are 
being made on all those who 
under this stale of emergency 
have been arre st ed and de- 
tained, whether trade union 
leaders, church leaders, inno- 
cent churchgoers or anybody 

Mr Jerry Wiggfa (Westoa-su- 
per-Marc, C): Do we now take it 
that the British Government 
will treat with terrorists? 

Mrs Chalker We seek to pro- 
mote dialogue to achieve nego- 
tiation. A man who i m pressed 
y e st e rd a y his total dislike of 
violence may indeed be able to 
help in the process towards 
dialogue and the ending of 

I spent more than half tbe 
time talking about the negative 
effects of violence and seeking, 
not just to persuade, but also to 
to impress on Mr Tambo bow 
this was exacerbating tbe situa- 
tion as well as any other 
violence It was right to do so on 
behalf of the British Govern- 
ment We are in no way treating 
with terrorists. 

Proposed benefit cut criticized 


The Government's proposal to 
halve winr tga gp interest cover 
for the unemployed and others 
for the first six months of 
supplementary benefit, was 
certain ax least to raise the rate 
of repossessions and evictions 
to 30.000 to 50,000 a year, Mr 
Michael Meacher,, chief. 
Opposition spokesman on., 
social services, said when ' 
opening an Opposition debate ~ 
on the Government plans. 

. However, in defending them, 
Mr Antony Newton, Minister 
'for Social Security, said one 
question to be asked was how for 
it was reasonable that the 
taxpayer should pick np the bill 
for purchasing an appreciating 
. capital asset from the first day 
on benefit, even for what might 
be very short periods, and when 
many of those paying tbe bill 
might he little or no better off 
Mr Meacher moved an 
Opposition motion calling on 
the Government to withdraw 
' the proposal in the interests of a 
policy for the family which 
guaranteed security of tenure of 
the family home. 

Mr Meacher said the proposal 
would sentence thousands to 
rising mortgage arrears and 
, evictions as a penalty for being 

If the Government were 
' determined to make savings in 

this area a much fairer and more 
rewarding route would be to 
restrict mortgage interest tax 
relief to the standard rate, which 
would save £250 million, 
without the immensely 
damaging side effects. 

Mr Newton sauLthere had been 
no' mystery' about the 
Government view that the 
benefit system needed review 
nor about its thinking on what 
tbe condushm of that review 
might be. - 

Far from seeking to disguise 
that, they had amended leaflets 
to draw attention to the feet that 
the Government tmdeitaSing 
the examination. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark 
(Birmingham, Sefly Oak, C) 
asked now it helped, when 
people were at their most 
vulnerable, to add to their 
womes-There was a lack of 
generosity of spirit in the 

Mr Newton said it was a 
separate issue from whether this 
or any other part of tbe benefit 
system was abused. 

Mr Robin MaxweD-Hyslop 
(Ttverton, Q said that people 
had entered commitments on 
the basis of a leaflet which said 
that supplementary benefit 
would be paid for mortgage 
interest. They might not 
otherwise have entered those 

Mr Newton; I appreciate the 
implication of the question, but 
the leaflet can only be taken os a 

i which 

exists at the time of the leaflet. 1 
note his point and bis concern. 

The draft regulation also 
included a proposal to indude 
advances for house 
improvements and for the 
disregard of mortgage 
protection policies taken out to 
meet mortgage payments. 

Tbe main proposal was to 
limit the. amount of 
supplementary benefit payable 
for mortgage interest to 50 per 
cent of tbe total for the first ax 
months of benefit for everyone 
under 60. 

The Government estimated 
that the proposals affected about 
one-fifth of expenditure in this 
area: £30 million out of £150 
million, and about 90,000 
claimants at any one time. 

That £30 million compared 
with £9,000 million paid to 
building societies in mortgage 
interest, and the 90JJ00 figure 
compared with some six million 

. When a claim lasted more 
than six months 
interest would be met in 
Despite the numbers of people 
who were unemployed for 
longer periods, most spells of 
- unemployment even now were 
relatively short . 

It is appropriate (he said) to 
strike a reasonable balance 
between a variety of 
considerations: the amount of 
help borrowers can legitimately 

expect to receive from the 
benefit system in securing a 
capital asset normally growing 
in value every year, tbe 
guarantee the should 

expect from the benefit system 
in p rotect in g the loan he has 
advanced, and what it is 
reasonable to expect the 
taxpayer to cany. . 

Mr Gordon Oakes (Hatton, 
Lab) said building societies were 
caring institutions aqd the Gov- 
ernment was hoping that if the 
borrower could not pay the 
other half of his mortgage after 
six months then the societies 
would pick up the tab for the 
DHSSL He thought they would 
do that, but it was unjust. 

There could be a system of 
direct payments of mortgage 
interest to the building societies 
in the same way as there was 
direct payment of rent to local 

Mr Archy Kirkwood 
and Berwickshire, L) said 
whole concept of tbe welfare 
state was that it should provide 
for unaccountable misfortunes. 
Someone losing their job was a 
classic case, and for the welfare 
state to withdraw an dement of 
support on top of such a 
misfortune ran counter to the 
principles and tradition of the 
welfare state. 

Tbe Opposition motion was 
rejected by 259 votes to 198 — 
Government majority, 61. 

When councils give themselves permission 


Proposals to limit tbe power of 
local authorities to give plan- 
ning permission over land they 
own will be considered by tbe 
Department of Environment 
again if the Commons Select 
Committee on the Environment 
make recommendations on it in 

their forthcoming report. 

This was indicated during 
Commons question time by Mr 
Richard Tracey, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Environment, 
in reply to Mr Nicholas Baker 
(North Dorset, Q who called for 
action. Mr Tracey said that in 
general the present arrange- 
ments for making this type of 
decision appear to operate 
satisfactorily but the Select 

Committee on the Environment 
had referred to the matter in 
recent examination of witnesses. 
Mr Nicholas Bdcer considered 
there was something wrong with 
the situation. 

Dorset County Council had 
given itself planning permission 
to sell off a piece of a school 
playing field in spite of objec- 
tions from all tbe other local 
authorities and other bodies 

interested in or adjacent to tbe 

There was a matter for con- 
cern. Would the minister look 
into it? 

Mr Tracey: We are sympathetic 
to tbe general point Local 
pfenning authorities are answer- 
able to their electorates for the 
way in which they discharge 
their responsibilities. 

Palace to 
get the 


Bans for- the next phase of 
restoring the exterior of tbe 
PafeceotWestrainstec are under 
consideration and Sir George 
Young, Unde Secretary of State 
for Environment, told tbe 
Commons be hoped to make an 
announcement later ibis year. , 

He said that current work on 
the terrace elevation and Lord 
Chancellors Tower should be 
completed in November and 
there was much still done. 
It would take a number of years 
to complete ibe massive task. 

Mr Gerald Bowden (Dulwich. 
O said the restoration work 
completed had done so much to 
enhance the architectural 
heritage of this part of London 
and had proved a popular 
tourist focus. 

As a surveyor, he wanted to 
know which stone cleaning 
technique it was proposed to use 
for the remainder of tbe work — 
wet or dry. 

Sir George Young said the 
Palace or Westminster was a 
major tourist attraction and it 
was right to see it ax its best 

On deaning techniques there 
were two approaches, one wet, 
one dry. The one wet healed tbe 
affected areas by the steady 
application of dripping water 
and die dry one involved tbe 
vigorous application of air and 
gm. He preferred the former. 
(Laughter) . 

Green belt 


The Government did sot intend 
to make any changes to its 
policies on the Green Belt, Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of 
Sate for the Envaonment, 
assured a backbench 
Conservative MP daring 
Commons questions. 

The policy on development fa 

the Green Belt remained as set 
oat is his Department's dradar, 
he total Mr Robert Jones (West 
Hertfordshire, C). 

Mr Jones: I am grateful to him 
for his defcace of the Green Belt 
Can he confirm that where the 
local plaining authority, (he 
borough or district cornual, 
opposes tbe release of land from 
(he Green Bek, saefc as m my 
constituency, he will rein fo rce 
the stance of that councfi and not 

! Mr Ridley: .We have to take Isto 
account the muriate plans, 
with the Green Belt 

My role is to try to interpret 
these two if appeals come to me. 

Plan for new 
Globe theatre 

An appealfor the Department of 
Environment to encourage the 
rebuilding of the Globe Theatre 
400 years after William Shake- 
speare used it was made during 
Commons question time by Mr 
Simon Hughes (Southwark and 
Bermondsey, L). ' 

He said that a settlement had 
been reached so that the build- 
ing of the theatre was likely to go 

Mr Richard Tracey, Under 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, said that as he 
had been boro in Stratford-on- 
Avon, he had considerable sym- 
pathy for anything to do with 
William Shakespeare. 

All material considerations 
would be taken into account in 
the matter. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2. 30): European 
Communities (Amendment) 
Bill, continuation of committee 

KSi* (3.0):Wages Bill, 
committee stage. Family Law 
Biff, report stage. 

Mortgage help 

Action promised 


of council estates 


Mr Nfchofos Mdfcy, Secretary 
of State for Environment, made 
dear in the* Commons that he 
would be footing to see how the 
appalling state of disrepair of 
local authority housing Could . 
best be dealt with. He took the j 
situation seriously. 

We have two things to do now 
(he declared). We have first to 
see bow' best to (dear up the 
errors and neglect of local 
authorities. Second, we have to 
put it fairly on the line that local 
authorities should not allow 
further neglect and 
deterioration. ■' 

Answe rin g questions for the 
first time since being moved to 
the Department of tbe Environ- 
ment, Mr Ridley indicated that 
he would be meeting repre- 
sentatives of the local authority 
associations to discuss various 
housing issues at the Housing 
Consultative Council meeting 
on July 8. 

He told MPs: We should not 
let further disrepair take place or 

Ridley: Ceuodb most cad 
neglect afbeasmg 

further houses get into a state of 
disrepair, and avoid past mis- 
takes in main tain 
houses as we go along out of 
housing revenue accounts. 

In giving his view, of the 
situation, he said: The fun- 
damental problem, is that these 
houses have been allowed to 
exist without bringtepaired and 
local authorities nave not had 
sufficient revenue to do so. 
Whether it is'done fry allowing 
tenan t* to do it at their own 
expense or whether tenants pay 
more so that the local authority 
can do it is a secondary issue. It 
should never have been allowed 
to happen in the fiist place. 

The areas where the mam 
disrepair bad been allowed to 
grow tended to be in large 
municipal bousing estates where 
there were very small, receipts. 
The -areas with large accu- 
mulated receipts tended to be in 
areas where the local authority 
had kept its houses in a much 

better state of repair. There was 
a serious mis-match between the 
resources and tbe needs. 

T recognize the problem w 
certain areas (he said). We must 
make sure we do not get in 
worse position. , 

Mr John Cartwright [Wod" 
wich.SDP 1 ) begm «« exdai®* 
by asking rf the 
■ cepied the Audit Commissions 
estimate that sonredung hke 
£900 million was added wri* 
council housing repair biH crery 
year. What steps were bM"° 
taken to ensure t hat lew 
authorities displayed greater m- 
terest in co-operating with Ufe 
private sector in the repair and 
rehabilitation of council estates. 
Mr Ridley said he had . barely 
received let alone had “ 
Study the report to which Mr 
Cartwright referred. If it were 
proved to be so (he went on) it 
must be said that local authori- 
ties have foiled for many years 
to keep their housing stock in a 
good stale. 

They have now come along 
with a problem which appears to 
be of so great a capital nature 
because of their neglect to keep 
rents az a level where they could 
afford to keep houses in good 
order. Further evidence of that 
is that spending on bouses was 
abysmally low when we c am e to 
power, both for repair and 
mai nte nance . 

Since 1981 (he continued) 
spending per house has gone up 
by 21:5. per cent in real terms, 
we have figures of £7 5 billion a 
year- on maintenance and £1-2 
bill ion on capital and £1.4 
billion on revenue expenditure, 
which are for better figures than 
when we first came to power. In 
tbe part not enough has been 
spent to maintain the houses, 
which is why we have this bad 
repair situation. _ 

Mr Nick Rayusford (Fulham, 
Lab) asked if be would consider 
using capital receipts available 
elsewereto help local authorities 
with the greatest need. 

Mr Ridley: We are delighted to 
hear that the Labour Party 
thinks that the prudent house- 
keeping of many Tory district 
yrnnyriiQ which has resulted in 
accumulated receipts should be 
forcibly taken away from them 
and given to spendthrift 
aulhonries who foiled to keep 
their houses in order. 

The . essential need (be said 
later) is for local authorities to 
give themselves sufficient re- 
sources and use them with tbe 
greatest value for money pos- 
sible to make sure that their 
housing stock does not deteri- 
orate. : 

It is not only rates or grant 
that is available to local authori- 
ties. There is ten barns’ income 
which could be spent on tenants* 
housing if there was a proper 
level of rents. 

Professor to head 
naval inquiry 


Professor John Caldwell, Presi- 
dent of tbe Royal Institute of 
Naval Architects is to head the 
inquiry into tbe relative merits 
of the shortest or long/thin hull 
form for frigates. Lard 
Trefgarae, Minister of State for 
Defence Procurement, an- 
nounced in a debate in tbe 
House of Lords on the 1986 
defence estimates. 

He said that the team of 
independent experts,' which 
would decide whether the cor- 
rect derision was made in 1983 
to stick with the traditional 
design for anti-submarine ves- 
sels. was now bring assembled 
by the professor- 
lain sure the Honse win agree 
(he said) that it is of the highest 
importance that this matter be 
looked into very thoroughly in 
order to settle once and for all an 
issue which has been the subject 
of debate and controversy for 

Lord HHl-Norton, former Chief 
of tbe General Staff who won 
tbe inquiry after raising the issue 
with the Government, wel- 
comed the appointment of 
Professor Caldwell which be 

said would . ensure the 
committee’s impartiality. 

It was important that the 
inquiry should concern itself 
merely with which was the best 
hull form for modem warships 
of frigate or destroyer size and 
not to rake over the embers of 
what took {dace in 1983. 

Tbe services’ major r esou rce 
was manpower and he feared 
this had now been cut back too 
for, particularly the Royal Navy. 
While applauding the improve- 
ments mad e in the teeth-to-tail 
ratio and squeezing out what 
little fot there' was; tbe process 
had been allowed to go too for. 

Our men and women in 
uniform (he said) will be 
stretched to a degree which in 
1986 and in peacetime is no 
longer acceptable to. them and 
ought not to be acceptable to us. 

It is not only that people, well 
trained and motivated as they, 
are likely to. make mistakes 
which are extremely damaging 
and costly with modem equip- 
ment (he. continued) but they 
will also begin to wonder 
whether they want to join or. 
having joined, whether they 
warn to stay. 

Resources ought to match the 
task, otherwise the job would 
not get done. 

take over 


Mr Nicholas Ridfcy. 
rcaur of state for the Entire*, 
mem. saM be »" *» objected 
whatsoever to <fce of ; 

—rial fam Bntma wbea Ufenr 
MFs 1 

the water astbOnCKS wbw 
^ n^mroetslap of the Kver- 
Thames asd ocher rivers and. 
water itself codd tan. 

famea bxads. ■ 

Be said daring Commom 
questions that ia many; 
privatizations the Government 
had thought it appropriate to. 
take a erotroHmg share and; 
control the degree of foreign 
ownership. . 

Mr Nigel Spearing (Newham 
South, Lab* This policy in- 
volves setting off the ownership 
and control of the Rhrer Thames 
fimn Teddiagton to Cirencester 
and Tewksbury- In the debate on 
Monday the Government con- 
firmed that it would welcome, 
private overseas capital arid 
shareholdings in this river. 

Watt he bow red the House the 
, r », iiu.nn i proporti on Chat he 
envisages being permitted to 
private capital? 

The sale of ths river and and 
any other rivers in tbe commy to 
private ownership is entirely 
aaainst the views of tbe majority 
of people in this coantry. 

Mr Ridley: Tewksbury is in the 

Severn catchment area, al- 
though Cirencester is in the 
Thames catchment area. I must 
correct him in another more 
important respect. 1 see no 
objection whatsoever to the faiF 
port of capita! into this c o o n t ry. 

Many of o«r industries rely oo 
imported capital and many 
many of our jobs rely on capital 
which we have exported over- 
seas. I do not take the narrow, 
blinkered attitude be lakes to 
the free Sow of capital in world 

Mr Allan Roberts (Boode. Lab): 
Has the Minister just confirmed 
that the French could actually bp 
the North West Water Author- 
ity and the Thames Water 
Authority? We could have the 
British not only baying energy 
from the french, but water as 
welL Does he believe the British 
people want that? . 

These so-called private water 
companies me merely franchis- 
ing companies which sefl water 
which they net from existing 
publicly owned water authorities 
and not one s responsible for 
pollution or sewerage. There is 
no profit in that. 

Mr Ridley: In many 
privatizations the Government 
has thought appropriate to take 
a controlling share and to con- 
trol the degree of foretga owner- 
ship. When we come to consider 
water in tins House we can 
discuss the pros and coos of such 

It is not possible to dose down 
the North West Water Author- 
ity. The problem is nothing like 
as important as die Opposition 
seems to be majoring on. It is 
true that private water compa- 
nies do not perform the entire 
function of the water cycle, but 
those functions they do perform 
they perform with first class 

Industry and 
support dance 

A programme combining 
sponsorship aid from a private 
sec t or company, the Digital 
Equipment Company, and from 
the Government, for the whole 
range of dance activity was 
announced in a Commons 
written reply by Mr Richard 
Luce, Minister for the Arts. 

He said that the matching 
funding offered by the 
Government's Business 
Sponsorship Incentive Scheme 
had been a major influence in 
the DEC decision and would 
mean a total injection of 
£500.000 of-new funding. 

He said the imaginative 
sponsorship package was an 
outstanding example ofbusiness 
and Government joining forces 
to support the arts. It would be 
welcomed by all who loved 


lvinu d uses 





Thinking about it is af at fot of good. 



5 For credit card donations please telephone 01-253 9433. mbkap 

in autumn 

Michael BaOy 
ransport Editor 

Central London is to get its 
Cost 25-seat ‘‘nudamses*’ in 
the autumn. They wfll offer 
foster and more frequent ser- 
vices than the conventional red 
double-deckers, London Re- 
gional Transport announced 

Up to 40 streamlined “City 
Pacers", supplied by a man- 
agement buyout firm in Leeds, 
wiD start to operate in Septem- 
ber 00 two routes: FarOsuneflt 
Square to High Street, Ken- 
sington; and Oxford Circus to 
Parliament H3I Fields. 

The new hoses wfl l ran 
every two and a half minutes 
compared with about every 
seven minutes now, and there 
will be a flat fare of 50p* 

If successful they wffl be 
extended to more London 
routes, Dr Keith Bright, LKT 
chairman, said. 

The experiment marks a 
belated response by LRT to 
tbe failure by private enter- 
prise operators to provide 
minibuses set rices in central 
London some years ago m the 
face or fierce opposition from 
London Transport and the tori 

The new “Midibas * 1 and the routes it wfll covet. 

Bat the 1ST vehicles are 
very different from the con- 
verted Ford vans then pro- 
posed, according to Dr Bright 
They wifl be “reaT bases with 
"comfort at least' of tbe same 
Stanford as big femes. - 
Their lower costs and easier 
handling ia traffic make it 
possible to operate rentes not 
feasible for big buses and LRT 
looks forward to winning back 
passengers from cars and 
opening op more rentes. 

Mr John Moore, Secretary 
of State for Transport, said: “I 

welcome this service and so 
should the public". 

One “nuditas” service is 
already operated by LET oat- 
side central London: the 
“Hampstead Hopper” from 
Golden. Green. toFmchley 
Road, and another wifi start 
shortly in south London. 

“‘MHamses’ are already 
appearing in Increasing num- 
bers in suburban areas'*. Dr 
Bright said, “bat X believe they 
also have a part to play in 

* — icy ser- 


The second 
prcssionists offered 
by’s yesterday mon 
less sought after, wii 

Sale room 

Juan Gris painting 
sets auction record 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

. Ab important Cubist paint- £9.8 million, with 16 per' 
tng by Juan Gns set an auction unsold, 
record price for tbe artist when 
it sold for £1,375,000 (esti- 
mate £700,000-£900,000) at 
Sotheby's on Tuesday night. 

The painting, “Violon et 
Gravure Accrochee" dates cent unsold - 

J&g Gris *?». at t Tber * ^ b. 

uie hetghtafMspowers.n is a however, a 1910 Her 
finely balanced work, rich in of a girl in a do 
co our w-iiii a pioneering use of £165.000 (estimate 
... £50,000) and a race 

.. The price was the result of a Giacometti 

bidding battle between Des- £77,000 (estimate 
mond Corcoran, of the *26.000). 

Lefevre Gallery, and a mys- »’ _* n 
tory telephone bidder, £ rwr ^ am ' 

scribed by Sotheby's as a , p at cl P stie s ™ 
European private collector 

The telephone bids broke into SiSS 1 ? ? 

French as the tension mount- bought the « 

pictures acquired iotaiyeaj 

wnt to American collectors, “ is an flluminait 
mrinrfmo o Fan tin Latour of Livy’s Histo 

m -ceoA rw\ f rared in 

including a 
mate ” 

Mw,uw-fcZMJ.uuo) and- '“ auu 6‘iisoi 
a Monet “Vuede LTYerreo a t Maste. U1 n 


£128,000)! The- Mfe’SSw &S’ brou8htt 

^ OrtiN 


Matt '!% 

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Home ownership rise 
leaves many still 
hoping, survey shows 

. v.- < * 

There is still a large unsatis- 
fied demand for home owner- 

ship in spite of a rapid increase 
in the past six years, according 
to a survey by the Building 
Societies Association, pub- 
lished yesterday. 

The figures show that own- 
ership, helped by the Gov- 
ernment's right-to-buy policy 
for council tenants, increased 
from 55 per cent to 62 per 
cent between 1979 and 1985. 

. Mr Nicholas Ridley. Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment, said recently that the 
level in England was 64 per 

The survey showed that 
77 per cent of people regarded 
owner-occupation as their ide- 
al tenure, with an even higher 
proportion in the younger age 

About 80 per cent of those 
aged between 20 and 24, and 
88 per cent of those between 
25 and 34, said that it was the 
tenure they saw as their ideal 
for two years later. - 

In all, 80 per cent of adults 
expect to be owner-occupiers 

By Christopher Warman, Pr o per ty Correspondent 

» unsans- within 10 years, more than high or 1 
le owner- 90 per cent of them in the standards 
1 increase younger age groups. 

high or low by international 

About 400,000 counci] ten- 
ants, or 8 percent of the total, 
have bought their homes since 
1983, and demand remains 
high, with 31 per cent of 
tenants expressing interest in 
buying their council dwelling, 
and 25 per cent saying that it 
was likely they would do so. 

International comparisons 
show at the same time that 
Britain has a poor record for 
residential housing construct- 

Home building was 3.8 per 
cent of the gross domestic 
product from 1960 to 1983. 
compared with 5.3 per cent 
for all countries covered by 
the Organization for Econom- 
ic Co-operation and Develop- 
ment. and the level in 
industrial countries such as 
Japan, West Germany and 
Fiance stands at more than 
6 percent. 

Britain's rate of owner- 
occupation is not unusually 



Stock or 





Of total 




from pub 









Yorks & Humber 






East Midlands 






East Anglia 

Greater London 











Other South East . 










































Great Britain 


. 605 




Soiate: Housing and Construction Statistics 1974-84. 

Court plea 
on young 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

Juvenile courts should be 
abolished and replaced with a 
family court with jurisdiction 
over juvenile crime, the Na- 
tional Association for the Care 
and Resettlement of Offenders 
(Nacro) said m a briefing 
paper yesterday. • — . . 

The juvenile court, set up 
nearly 80 years ago, is outdat- 
ed; “steeped in the adversarial, 
legalistic and punitive tradi- 
tions of the adult criminal 
justice system", and has lan- 
guage and procedures that 
baffle children and parents 
alike, it says. 

It adds that there are “inor- 
dinate delays in getting cases 
heard" and that there has been 
too fittle effort to make pro- 
ceedings more informal and 
increase participation by chil- 
dren and families. 

The association says that a 
famil y court should be intro- 
duced “as soon as posable" 
for juveniles who admit of- 
fences or any juvenile crime 
‘ that does not have to be tried 
at the Crown court or in die 
adult magistrates 1 courts. 

The association says that 
too many juveniles are prose- 
cuted under the present sys- 
tem, which involves them in 
court proceedings that can be 
■ damagin g and confirm them in 
their delinquent activities. The 
paper also criticizes the selec- 
tion of magistrates for the 
juvenile bench, as not suffi- 
ciently representative of youn- 
ger people from a cross-section 
of the community. The associ- 
ation proposes that such a 
court could be set up in a way 
that would incorporate the 
best features of the Scottish 
children's bearings, promoting 
participation and informality 
while retaining children's 

The Lord Chancellor's De- 
partment is considering the 
possible structure of a family 
court and has Invited com- 

Cardiff college 
attacks critics 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

University College, Cardiff 
has strongly denied criticisms 
in an accountants' report on 
the college. The rebuttal, pub- 
lished yesterday, said Price 
Waterhouse bad made mis- 
takes and that the college 
would be in the black by the 
end of the decade. • 

The firm of accountants was 
asked to look at the finances of 
the college by the Department 
of Education and Science, 
which was worried that the 
college was not taking drastic 
enough steps to eradicate its 
debts of £3.5 million. 

Price Waterhouse said the 
college's debts could reach 
£8 million by the end of the 
decade if it did not take anion, 
which could include compul- 
sory redundancies and the 
closure of departments. 

The college is due to merge 
with the Wales Institute of 
Science and Technology by 
1990. but one of the condi- 
tions for the merger is that it 
should have cleared its debts. 

In a tough statement yester- 
day, die college said the Price 
Waterhouse report contained 
“serious, errors of feet and 
interpretation" and its meth- 
odology was questionable. 

It rejected the allegations of 
inaction, but acknowledged 
that it had financial problems 
requiring attention. 

During the 1983-84 aca- 
demic year it said it took swift 
action to cut costs, including 
freezing vacancies, seeking 
early retirements and trim- 
ming other costs. The deficit 
at the end of that year was 
£1.77 million; in 1984-1985 it ! 
had fallen to £1.25 million. 

The latest review, for 1985- 1 
86 , suggests a deficit of less ’ 
than £800,000, it says. In the 
academic year 1986-87 . the 
college hopes to break even, 
and thereafter establish a 
modest surplus which would 
be used to clear the accumu- 
lated deficit. 

The college disputes the 
projected £8 million defiat in 
the Price Waterhouse report. 

“The report rejects the 
college's projections and sub- 
stitutes a series of pessimistic 
assumptions, all of which are 
assumed to happen simulta- 
neously and continuously and 
about which Price Water- 
house assume the college 
would do nothing”, the state- 
ment says. 

Schools offered £llm 
for special projects 

By Our Education Correspondent 

Local education authorities 
were invited yesterday to 
make bids for money under 
the Government’s educational 
support grant programme for 
next year. 

The grams will cover sub- 
ject areas of books and equip- 
ment for the GCSE exam- 
ination, pilot projects to 
promote social responsibility 
among young people, and 
projects to develop speech in 
pupils aged, five to sixteen. 

Money available for those 
areas amounts to £113 mil- 
lion, while the total under 

educational support grants is 
£106 million, or 1 per cent of 
educational expenditure. That 
includes the £37 million re- 
served by the Government for 
spending on school meals 

Bids have to be in by 
October and the projects will 
begin next ApriL 

The Government obtained 
a change in the law to enable it 
to allocate money directly to 
educational projects after frus- 
tration with the rate-support 
grant mechanism. 

S urrogate motherhood 

New laws ‘urgently needed’ 

Urgent legislation must be 
introduced to protect the 
rights of surrogate children, 
Mr Patrick Steptoe, the Cam- 
bridge pioneer in in vitro 
.fertilization, said yesterday. ■ 

“But I feel things axe mov- 
ing so fast that perhaps we 
have gone beyond the point of 
national legislation and we 
need international legisla- 
tion", Mr Steptoe. medical 
director of Bourn Hall, Cam-' 
bridge, told an audience of 
6.000 at a national conference 
of townswomen's guilds. - 
■ He said international stud- 
ies covering surrogacy and 
follow-up studies about , the 
problems experienced by com- 
missioning couples and surro- 
gate mothers should be earned 
out as soon as possible. 

“The British medical pro- 
fession is unhappy about tak- 
ing part in surrogacy until 
proper legislation has been 
introduced” Mr Steptoe said. 

The conference called on 
the Government to introduce 
'legislation as soon as possible 
io define the status of children 
botCLto surrogate mothers. - 

Mr Steptoe said: ims is a 
matter of creating a life and 
the important product is the 
child, who must be taken care 

or. . 

He said that under present 
law 'voluntary surrogacy was 
legal but commercially ar- 
ranged surrogacy was noL 

He said women’s, groups 
should campaign for legisla- 
tion to be introduced so that 
such children would love the 

same, rights as normally con- 
ceived children. 

• The townswomen’s guilds 
urged the Government to 
prevent the shallow burial of 
radioactive waste at proposed 
sites on land in Britain. 

Delegates said the public 
must be fully informed about 
the risks of radioactive waste 
and the risks of transporting 
that waste regularly through 
towns and villages. 

General Bernard Rogers, 
the . Supreme Allied Com- 
mander, Europe (SACEUR), 
and Commander-rn-ChieC 
United States European Com- 
mand (SINCEURJ, addressed 

the conference about the role 
of Nato and Western security. 

General Rogers said that in 
recent years there had been 
more than 800 terrorist inci- 
dents in which nearly 1,000 
people were killed. 

Terrorism, he said; could be 
tackled by three main ap- 
proaches: political, economic 
and military. 

Referring to the raid by the 
United States on Libya, he 
said the message was clean 
“There can be no safe haven' 
for terrorists and for those 
nations which sponsor terror- 

He said Naio has protected 
Britain and Western Europe 
from war in Europe for nearly 
four decades. 

“It has rightfully been called 
the most successful peace 
movement in history.” How- 
ever, he said Nato relied on 
strong continuing support 
from Britain. 

In another debalejhe con- 
ference urged the Government 
to ensure that food manufac- 
turers restrict the use of food i 

The proportion in the Unit- 
ed States is about 65 per cent, 
and in Australia and New 
Zealand more than 70 per 
cent. In Europe it varies from 

37 percent in West Germany, 
to 51 per cent in France, 
59 per cent in Italy and 77 per 
cent in Spain. 

Two unusual features in 
Britain are the rapid increase 
in owner-occupation and the 
very high level of owner- 
occupation in the younger age 

Tbe results of the survey are 
included in a book. Housing 
in Britain , by Mark Boleat, the 
association's deputy secretary- 
gen era! They show that only 
5 per cent of people are dissat- 
isfied with their housing. 

The survey also asked 
where people would go for 
services if costs were equal. 

For estate agency, building 
societies were the most popu- 
lar, with 41 per cent, followed 
by estate agents (26 per cent), 
solicitors (12 per cent) and 
banks (11 percent). 

For conveyancing, 40 per 
cent opted for solicitors. 

38 per cent for building societ- 
ies and 12 per cent for banks. 
For surveys, 48 per cent pre- 
ferred chartered surveyors and 
30 per cent building societies. 

Mr Boleat said that the 
survey showed a strong de- 
mand for housing services 
from bodies other than build- 
ing societies. 

Housing in Britain (Building 
Societies Association, 3 Savile 
Row, London W1X 1AF; £5). 

Mrs Llin Golding, seen 
above with her has band John, 
is due to begin a by-election 
campaign today to succeed 
him as MP for Newcastle- 
under-Lyme, Staffordshire, 
just a few hours after bis 

The by-election is to take 
place on July 17. Mr Golding 
resigned after 17 years to 
concentrate on his new ap- 
pointment as general secretary 

of tbe National Communica- 
tions Union. 

Labour had a majority of 
just over 3,000 at the last 
election and Mr Golding said: 
“I would regard Newcastle as 
a very safe prospect at the 
moment, otherwise 1 would not 
have stepped down. My great 
compensation is that I am 
confident Llin is going to 
become the next member of 

He added: “My wife has 
always been a moderate tike 
myself and a defender of the 
Labour Party against the 
loonies and the people who 
want to wreck it. ' 

The seal will also be con- 
tested by Mr Jim Nock (C). 
leader of Canterbury City 
Council, and Mr Alan Thomas 
(Lib), a Newcastle councillor. 

Gen rtii H pci ion j Golding iLabl. 
21.210: L Lawrence iCL IB. 406. A 
Thomas ( Lib All). 10.916 Lab Rial: 

Explosion firm fined £1,000 

A firm was fined yesterday 
for allowing an inexperienced 
teenager to make safety checks 
on a coastal oil tanker which 
was swept by explosions three 
hours later, killing four men 
and injuring seventeen rescue 

■ Knight International Sur- 
veys. of Wallasey, Merseyside, 
was ordered to pay £ 1,000 
after a Swansea Crown Court 
jury found it guilty offeiling to 
provide a competent analyst 

with proper supervision. 

Mr Andrew Hammond, 
aged IS. had been sent in place 
of his absent stepfather to 
issue gas-free safety certifi- 
cates before work started in 
the pump room of the 
Pointsman, a 1,500-ton 

Unknown to Mr Hammond 
when he took readings, lethal 
fumes had seeped into the area 
through a faulty manhole 
cover over a slop tank which 

should have been cleaned. 

The ship's chief engineer, 
bis assistant and two dock 
workers died in the blasts at 
Milford Haven, west Wales, 
two years ago, which hap- 
pened when a welding torch 
was lit to begin repairs. 

The jury was told that 
several firemen, who had car- 
ried out the rescue operation 
while explosions were occur- 
ring. had been commended for 


plea on 

The Irish Republic's Prime 
Minister made a final effort 
yesterday to persuade voters 
to back his plan to remove the 
constitutional ban on divorce 
in today's referendum, issuing 
a statement in which he 
attempted to link the issue 
with the “tragedy" in Ulster. 

Dr Garret FitzGerald's 
move came as an opinion poll 
suggested that he is heading 
for a defeat which will affect 
his personal standing and the 
stability of his minority coali- 
tion Government. 

The poll shows a remark- 
able shift of opinion in the six 
weeks since the Government 
announced its plan to hold a 
referendum to allow divorce 
on the basis of marriage 
failure and after a couple have 
lived apart for five years. A 
lead of 21 per cent in favour 
has been turned into a 9 per 
cent lead for the opponents. 
The figures, published in 
yesterday's Irish Times, were 
49 percent against, 40 per cent 
in favour and II per cent 

The statement from Dr 
FitzGerald showed all the 
signs of prime ministerial 
panic. It sai± “We have seen 
the tragedy on a part of our 
island of a majority saying no 
to minority rights. Ulster says 
no to its minority; can we say 
no to our people whose mar- 
riages have foiled?" 

The Government is pre- 
pared for defeat, although it 
will undermine the position of 
the Prime Minister • 

It will be of enormous 
propaganda value to Northern 
Unionists, who will say that 1 
voters in the South are not 
prepared to accommodate mi- 
nority rights, that Dublin rule 
is in fact “Rome rule” and that 
in a united Ireland no attempt 
would be made to safeguard 
tbe civil and religious liberty 
of protestanls. 

FitzGerald profile, page 12 

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By BUI Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

More than 80,000 jobs have 
been lost in the past two years 
because microchips have been 
used in products and produc- 
tion processes, a study pub- 
lished today says. 

The survey, conducted by 
the Policy Studies Institute 
among a sample of 1,200 
factories, indicates that more 
than half of the United 
Kingdom's manufacturers are 
using microchips in products 
and processes — two and a 
half times as many as four 
years and that they are shed- 
ding jobs. 

The study also indicates 
that the lack of skills in 
manufacturing and the poor 
level of training prevents 
those who lose their jobs from 
finding new ones. 

Tbe cost of the change has 
also forced many companies 
to curtail development plans. 
“Development costs for new 
projects can be considerable, 
particularly for applications in 
the product itself', the study 

“Difficulty in raising, and 
justifying, the money to pay 
for the investment ranks par- 
ticularly high in the minds of 
those who see scope for appli- 
cations but are not pro- 
ceeding to develop them.” 

The loss of jobs has met 
little opposition on the shop 
floor because losses have oc- 
curred through natural wast- 
age. with women losing fewer 
jobs than men, the study adds. 
Microelectronics in industry: 
Promise and Performance (PS1, 
100 Park Village East, London 
NWI 3SR; £29.95). 

School attack 

Marlborough College, the 
public school in Wiltshire, has 
expelled three boys aged 16 
after windows were smashed. 
Repairs may cost £3,000. 



: y- 

S •• 1 







. jr V 

■:Wa PSsiSSSS-pS 

‘ •. : ' .-y.', - -- - 

There was a lot at stake. How the devil was I to get 
the money into the building society before daybreak? 

Although I was accustomed to sleepless 
XJL nights, the problem gave me no rest. 
And then one evening towards midnight 
Boris, my trusty manservant, rushed into my 

" Count" t he cried in a fervour of excite- 
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“ The machine enables you to pay in money 
whenever it is convenient so that it's earning 
interest in your account. 

“ Should you require it , you may also take 
out between £zo and fjtjO a day . . . um . . . 
night J 

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Count, is absolutely free” . 

I thanked Boris. Although on occasions 
he drove me bats, he had my interests at 

I immediately ordered the carriage. 
Once the money w» safely deposited at 
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Its free... and easy. 

I had already planned to nip' out for a 

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I was also gratified by the simplicity of 
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Having inserted my Abbeylink card and 
keyed in my personal identification number, 
I carefully placed the money in the envelope 

This I then put into the machine, 
remembering Boris’ assurance that all the 
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branch staff to ensure verification of the 
monies deposited. 

And, safe in the knovriedge that my 
passbook would be updated accordingly, I 
placed the receipt in my wallet. 

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Just as I had completed the transaction, 
a shaft of moonlight suddenly lit up the 
Fastcash 30 facility. 

It appeared chat this was an even 
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pressing the Fastcash button, £30 would 
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(This, I noted for future reference, 
would be very convenient. Waiting in 
queues always made me see red). 

Finally, I decided to check the balance 
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as I had suddenly become aware of a raging 

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THE TiiviBS l HuRSDAY j uNr, 26 ii?o6 


Britain resigned to not 
achieving $1 billion 
in Star Wars contracts 

Mr George Younger, the 
Secretary of Defence, said 
Britain was “on course” to 
build up the anticipated level 
of .contracts from the US 
Strategic Defence Initiative, 
but would have to . keep a 
“very strong ministerial eye” 
on the pace of British 

He told a press conference a 
day after signing the first of 
Britain's two SDI contracts, 
worth $14.3 milli on (about 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Britain cannot 
tic” results. 

£9.1 million), that it would 
take five years for British 
participation to build up. 

No one should expect dra- 
matic results, he said, because, 
owing to the nature of the 
programme, it could take at 
least 10 years to show that 
strategic defence is feasible. 

Mr Younger's predecessor, 
Mr Michael Hesettine, had 
called on the US to guarantee 
Britain at' least $1 billion 
(about £0.6 billion) in con- 
tracts, but Britain now accept- 
ed that was unrealistic. 

Britain's contracts . with 
Washington do not preclude 
its participation in a European 
initiative. Mr Younger said 
Britain had already held inten- 
sive talks, especially with 
West Germany, on this. 

Mr Younger was emphatic 
that British participation in 
Star Wars was limited to 
research. Both Mrs Thatcher’s 
four-point agreement with 
President Reagan, and the 
limitations of the 1972 Anti- 
Ballistic Missile Treaty, meant 
that deployment could not go- 
ahead before negotiations 

UK near to taking 
more SDI projects 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The Ministry of Defence is 
dose to completing a second 
set of research contracts for 
Britahi for die American Star 
Wars programme — the Star 
* ‘ Defence Initiative. This 

tetic Di 
follows the signing, reported 
yesterday, of an agreement to 
undertake two projects in Brit- 
ain worth a total of 5143 
million (£9.4 million). 

One is called a European 
architecture study and the 
other is for a series of experi- 
ments at the Culham laborato- 
ry in Oxfordshire that could 
lead to a neutral particle beam 

The research on wind a 
second agreement' is dose 
concents electro-magnetic 
guns, also known as rail gns, 
and a subject referred to as 
survivability, lethality and tar- 

If a Star Wars network of 
space-based, airborne, terres- 
trial and imderwater equip- 
ment is bnflt, the number and 
types of weapons used will 
depend on two architecture 

One, by the American De- 
partment of Defence, forms 
the largest single programme 
of the $f, 600 Dnulon which the 
United States is spending no 
SDI research over the next two 

The object of these studies is 
to design a mainly space-bused 
system to provide a shield 
against a ballistic missile at- 
tack on the North American 
continent . 

The smaller European anal- 
ysis will look at the part of the 
shield that provides missile 
protection for this region. The 
Ministry of Defence is the 
prime contractor for the Euro- 
pean study. 

Research contracts have 
been let to Britain to tap areas 
of technology in which British 
scientists are world leaders. 
The . Culham laboratory has 
nearly 20 years* experience in 
the highly-advanced field of 
fission physics. 

. Its primary research is mto 
devising a ""Amp to provide 
a limitless source of power by 
reproducing foe reactions in 
the Stm when hydrogen atoms 
fuse to release energy. In the 
process, the Culham group has 
invented devices referred as 
neutral particle beam sources. 

Under a four-year research 
project for SDI costing $43 
mnfion, foe group will assess 
whether foe devices can be 
converted into sources of parti- 
cles for a particular type of 
neutral-beam weapon. 

■with the Soviet Union. “Ours 
is a very strong position that 
we are involved in research 
and research only.” 

During his talks with Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, the Amer- 
ican Defence Secretary, Mr 
Younger strongly urged Wash- 
ington to give the Russians 
“as long as possible” to com- 
ply with the Salt 2 treaty 
before breaching its missile 

He welcomed the destruc- 
tion of the two Poseidon 
submarines, and suggested 
that Britain wanted to see 
more old submarines de- 
stroyed so that the treaty's 
missile limits would not be 
breached when the 131st B 52 
bomber is armed with cruise 
missiles by the end of the year. 

Mr Younger’s first visit here 
as the Secretary for Defence 
came on foe eve of the 13th 
US underground nuclear test 
since Moscow announced a 
unilateral moratorium. The 
ministei, however, would not 
confirm that yesterday's test 
was the latest in a joint 
British-US venture. 

Finns still 
of benefits 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Only 10 per cent of foe high- 
technology firms approached 
by foe Ministry of Defence 
win lake part in Star Wars 
contracts, according to a sur- 
vey by the Strategic Research 
Initiative presented to a semi- 
nar of businessmen and aca- 
demics in London yesterday. 

More than 500 British firms 
involved in appropriate areas 
of research and development 
were surveyed by SRI to see 
the US Strategic Defence Ini- 
tiative offered a real commer- 
cial opportunity to British 

“More than half of the SO 
firms who responded ex- 
pressed considerable doubts 
about the commercial sense, 
contractual integrity or techni- 
cal feasibility of the 
programme,” the seminar was 
told by the SRI co-mdihaior, 
Mr Paul Walton. 

Only 3 per cent of the firms 
replied that the technology 
required was inappropriate to 
them. Yet only 10 per cent 
said they were actively seeking 
involvement in Star Wars 

Almost one-third of respon- 
dents questioned the business 
rationale underpinning SDL - 

President Reagan showing off his footwork during a putting 
session in foe White House Oral Office, watched by the 
golfer Ray Floyd, this year's winner of the US Open. 

Shultz hands over 
$200m to Aquino 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Mr George Shultz, the 
American Secretary of Stale, 
yesterday handed over $200 
milli on (about £127 minion) 
in economic aid to the Philip- 
pine Government, saying he is 
convinced President Gorazon 
Aquino can solve the coun- 
try's economic crisis and settle 
communist insurgency. 

About 300 protesters held a 
two-hour vigil outside the 
presidential palace where Mr 
Shultz was Mrs Aquino’s guest 
at a private luncheon. 

Mr Shultz, at the signing 
ceremony with Mr Salvador 
Laurel, the Vice-President, 
said the $200. million would 
give the four- month-old 
Aquino Government ““breath- 
ing room” to deal with the 
economic crisis. 

Yesterday’s payment was an 
accelerated disbursement of 
money, some of it overdue, 
which it part of a five-year 
$900 million agreement in 
exchange for the use of US 

military bases in the Phil- 

Before he leaves here on 
Saturday, Mr Shultz is sched- 
uled to meet the Foreign 
Ministers of the Association of 
South East Asia Nations 
(Asean) and several Western 
nations, including Mr David 
Lange, the Prime Minister of 
New Zealand, whose tough 
anti-nuclear stance on US 
ships entering New Zealand 
waters has strained Washing- 
ton’s links with Wellington. 

The Asean Foreign Minis- 
ters- from Singapore; Indone- 
sia, the Philippines. Ireland. 
Malaysia and Brunei ended 
their annual two-day meeting 
here on Tuesday. 

• Emile sceptical: Mr Juan 
Ponce Enrile, the Philippine 
Minister of Defence, yesterday 
said it would take a miracle to 
convince communist rebels to 
end their 17-year war against 
the Government (AP reports). 

Spain’s election 
losers count 
cost of failure 

From Richard Wigg Madrid 

Spain's right-wing Opposi- 
tion tad the Basqt i National- 
ist Party have been phmged 
into internal crises as foe 
result of their poor perfor- 
mances in the general election. 

The executive of foe Basque 
Nationalist Party, which lost 
two of its eight seats in the 
Madrid Parliament to the 
Socialists, met yesterday in 
Bilbao, with leaders of rival 
wings publicly blaming each 
other for rejection by the 

Defeat has reopened old and 
deep wounds in the autono- 
mous region’s rating party on 
whether the vote-biasing for- 
mula was more nationalism — 
“ Standing op to Madrid” — 
instead of a degree of 

The Christian Democratic 
wing of Senor Mannel Fraga’s 
popular Coalition is now 
threatening to poll out, and set 
a meeting of its national 
executive for fob weekend to 
debate a possible future alone. 

Sen&r Oscar Alzaga, who 
beads a group of 21 Christian 
Democrat MP5 in foe new 
parliament, has resigned from 
the party chairmanship pend- 
ing the executive meeting, a 
move seen by many as a ploy to 
see if Sendr Fraga could be 
indneed to do the same. 

The Christian Democrats, 
whose example might be fol- 
lowed by the 12 right-wing 
Liberals who make up the 
third element- of die coalition, 
have been shaken by foe 
example of SenOr Adolfo 
Suarez, their leader when they 
all belonged to foe now defend 
Centre Democratic Party, go- 
ing to the country and getting 
the votes for a band of 19 new 

This is something the Chris- 
tian Democrats have timidly 
never risked doing ami it 
explains why they have an 
image Ear more r^ht-wing 
than most other European 
sister parties. With elections 
next spring in several autono- 
mous regions and big cities, all 
three elements of the coalition 
are rethinking strategies. 

The upset for the Basque 
Nationalist Party, largely at 
the twmda of foe more radical 
left-wing nationalist Herri 
Batasuna (People’s Unity) co- 
alition, tire political wing of 

Eta, raised for Senftr Jose 
Ardanza, the region’s Chief 
Minister, and the party lead- 
ers how worthwhile c on ti n ued 
collaboration with Madrid, on 
the terms the Socialists are 
willing to give, can be. 

The People’s Unity tally of 
five seats, three more than 
previously held in foe Madrid 
Parliament, is a good deal 
more complex than “votes for 

The Basque region, with its 
old industries, has suffered 
more than the rest of Spain 
from the Government's re- 
structuring programme, and 
labour unrest has often been 
con tin dobs. 

There was much of the 
young unemployed's protests 
"against foe system” in foe 
««Ete, which the radical lan- 
guage of the People’s Unity 
leaders sought to exploit, ex- 
actly as Sendr Sndrez did 
elsewhere in Spain. 

The Socialists' going slow 
on devolution, in accord with 
foe party's deeply ingrained 
centralizing traditions, also 
helped foe radical nationalist 

The “geography” of foe new 
Spanish Parliament shows a 
genera] strengthening of cen- 
trifugal political forces, ex- 
plainable perhaps because of 
the Socialist record in office. 

Besides the Basque coontry, 
nationalist forces are now 
represented in foe new Parlia- 
ment in dearer, or increased, 
strength from Catalonia 
(where the local ruling party 
achieved a 50 per cent jump in 
seats), Aragon, Valencia, the 
Canaries and Galicia. 

The Socialist Government’s 
failur e to investigate or curb 
foe activities of the GAL death 
sqnads alienated many 
Basques, if not the immigrant 
popalatim, as did the almost 
incredible action in the middle 
of the election campaign by 
Spanish national police in 
Bilbao, on orders from foe 
central government's repre- 
sentative, of seizing the coffin 
at foe Amend of an Eta man 
who had died in hospital. 

This could only benefit foe 
radicals and embarrass a 
Basque government still 
awaiting its own folly fledged 

Eta jail terms raised 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

Domingo Iturbe Abasalo, 
better known as “Txomin”, 
the alleged leader of the 
military wing of Eta, the 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion, has had a three-month 
prison sentence for the illegal 
bearing of arms increased to 
one year on appeal by the 
French public prosecutor. 

Four other alleged Eta mili- 
tants, including another of its 
alleged leaders. Juan Lorenzo 
Lasa Michelena, known as 
“Txikierdi”, had their five- 
year sentences lor association 
with criminals, the illegal 
bearing of arms and receiving 
forged official documents, in- 
creased to seven years 

in Paris 

Paris — Another old woman 
has been found murdered in 
her flat in the 1 1th arrortdisse- 
ment, bringing up to 12 the 
number of old women, living 
on their own, who have been 
killed in their homes in the 
capita] this year (Diana Ged- 
des writes). 

Mme Helene Ferixesse. 
aged 77. was found lying on 
the floor by her bed with her 
hands and feet tied. 

On Tuesday. Serge Caillard. 
a part-time messenger boy, 
aged 25, was imprisoned after 
being charged with the murder 
of another old woman in the 
15th arrondissement earlier 
this month. 



Brussels (UPI) — A district 
court found Paul Vanden 
Boeynants, aged 67, a former 
Prime Minister, guilty of fiscal 
fraud and forgery and gave 
him a suspended three-year 
prison sentence. 

He was charged with 137 
counts of evading taxes 
through buying and selling 
stock in companies in Bel- 
gium, Switzerland and 

Schools cash 
for Ontario 

Roman Catholic high 
schools in Ontario will hence- 
forth be fully financed out of 
the provincial treasury, just as 
public non-denominational 
schools have always been 
(John Best writes). 

The legislature in Toronto 
passed the enabling legislation 
after more than a year of 
intense and frequently emo- 
tional debate. 

Current event 

Washington (Reuter) — Co- 
lumbia University oceanogra- 
phers forecast that the El Niflo 
current, which played havoc 
with the weather in the Pacific 
region in 1982, will probably 
return this year, but in a 
milder form. 

Writer named 

Peking (Reuter) — The writ- 
er Wang Meng, aged 51, has 
been appointed Culture Min- 
ister after several months’ 
delay. He replaces Mr Zhu 
Muzhi, aged 69, a veteran 
party propogandisL 

Short cut 

Latina, Italy (Reuter) — A 
school board ordered the ex- 
pulsion of a pupil who was 
caught using a two-way radio 
during an end-of-term mathe- 
matics examination to ask for 
help from his father and sister, 
who were in a van outside the 

Repercussions of South African crisis 

Boesak hints at hidden catastrophe 

By Panl Vallely 

State repression and vio- 
lent* under the South. African 
emergency is far worse than 
the news seeping through to 
the rest of the world indicates, 
according to the Rev Allan 
Boesak, leader of the Dutch 
Refrained Mission Church fra: 
foe Coloured community in 
South Africa, and in the past 
one of the most outspoken 

critics ofthe apartheid system. 

Dr Boesak said that the 
Pretoria authorities were not 
merely stemming the flow of ■ 
information to the outside 
world, they were also wilfully 
distorting iL “They are lying 
through their teeth, and they 
known They did it before the 
state of emergency and they. 

are doing it even more now.” 

But Dr Boesak, who arrived 
in London from South Africa 
yesterday for a two-day visit, 
said he was unable to. give 
details because to do so would 

Church split 
on calls for 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Differences emerged yester- 
day within the Church of 
England over its policy to- 
wards South Africa, with the 
Church Commissioners de- 
fending there 
, there in the face of growing 
' calls for disinvestment. . 

During its animal general 

meeting, a spokesman nn:, the 
body, which controls, the 
Chinch's finances, said that 
fra the time being there was no 
question of the Church with- 
drawing its. investments in 
companies with holdings in 
South Africa. 

The spokesman also de- 
fended Church investments in 
' 2 1 huge firms which - were 
accused of paying “poverty 
wages” to black workers in a 
report released yesterday by 
the Church-backed Ethical In- 
vestments and Research In- 
formation Services. / . . 

J>r Boesak: Pretoria wilfully 
distorts foe news 
be illegal under foe state of 
emergency regulations. It 
would also break the condi- 
tions of his baQ. 

Dr Boesak has been on bail 
fra nine months feting un- 
specified charges of subver- 
sion. While awaiting trial, he 
is- not allowed to make any 
statement on economic sanc- 

tions, disinvestment, academ- 
ic and sporting isolation, or 
any of the other measures he 
has advocated in the past 

“I can give no derails, but 
the situation is far, fer worse 
than people realize," he said. 
“The authorities Jhave over- 
played their hand. They have 
entered the phase where they 
are exhausting their final op- 
tions and acting out of sheer 

“For the first lime in the. 
history of South Africa, the 
Government is faced by a 
wave of resistance that cannot 
be stopped by violence, 
threats and intimidation.” 

He added that the tactics 
which, worked to squash the 
Mack community in the 1960s 
were now no longer working. 

Dr Boesak, who said he 
would be happy to meet the 
British Government during 
his visit, welcomed the talks' 
between Mr Oliver Tam bo, 
acting president of the African 

National Congress, and Mis 
Lynda Chalker. Minister of 
State at the Foreign Office, as 
^the first hopeful sign” from a 
Government which blacks 
had come to regard as one of 
the staunchest supporters out- 
ride South Africa ofthe apart- 
heid system. 

“I hope it means that the 
British Government is begin- 1 
ning to see the situation in 
South Africa from a different 
perspective,” he said. 

But he rejected the idea that 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary, should visit 
South Africa for “talks about 
talks”. He would be wasting 
his time and “might as well 
stay at home”. 

The ANC was now dearly 
emerging as the organization 
with widespread popular sup- 
port, be said. He was critical of 
attempts by Western govern- 
ments to nominate more 
“acceptable” black leaders, 
like Chief Gatsha ButhelezL 

Britain faces sanctions Police “jf 8 * 
pressure at summit dS^fervke 

By Rani Vallely 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

In the last month the Arch- 
bishop of. Canterbury, Dr 
Robert Runtie, has made 
repeated calls for a 
policy against South 

The strongest appeals for 
change have come- from Mr 
Frank Field, Labours spokes- 
_nran_Qa .Church .matters, _• 

After weeks of man oeuvring 
both within foe Cabinet and in 
foe European Community, 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
Sir Geoffrey Howe come under 
pressure today at the EEC 
summit m The Hague to agree 
to some form of sanctions 
against South Africa. 

.. Britain hopes that other 
. topics, sack as foe future of 
jmdear energy in foe Commu- 
nity and British-backed pro- 
posals for economic and soda! 

• policies, w31 not be poshed 
aside. But tlm .summit comes at 
a time .when the EEC Is 
gnriqdlngnot only with how to 

. read to evens in Sooth Africa 
butalSQ wifo tensions between 
Greece and Traltey. 

EEC FqreSgnMmisters are 

• meeting early this morning 
before the summit in a last- 

ditch 2tt 1 Pfl l pt Iwiminw turf a 
compromise on South Africa. 

Chancellor Kohl of West 
Germany tad President 
/ Mitterrand >f France share 
MrsThafcber’s sceptical view 
of sanctions but wanta show of 
EEC unity, officials raid. . . 

• Probable measures include 

a baa on South African fruit 
and vegetables and tm South 
African' uranium Imports, it 
thoaj^.M^ is ,re-; 

portedly stm reluctant to back 
either of these. 

Diplomats say the most 
likely compromise is a pack- 
age of limited economic sanc- 
tions and “positive measures”, 
snefa as aid to Mack opposition 
groups. But above all, officials 
point to the need for an EEC 
dialogue with Pretoria, possi- 
bly in the form of a mission to 
South Africa led by Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, who takes over the 
presidency of the EEC Council 
of Ministers next Tuesday. 

The ha< a foil 

agenda. It includes energy 
policy in the wake of flu 
Chernobyl accident future 
trading relations with foe US 
in view of imminent trade 

disputes with Washington, the 

completion of foe internal 
market, moves to make the 
EEC more relevant to Its 
citizens through the concept of 
People’s Europe, and dtug- 

The full presidency 
handover to Britain could be 
disrupted not only by the 
jani-foms isSttC but &lSO by 
objections from Mr Andreas 
FapandreoB, the Greek Prime 
Minister, to plans fer reviving, 
the EECs association agree- 
ment with Turkey. : . 

More than 500 people from 
a South African church con- 
gregation are still In detention 
more than 10 days after their 
arrest by police who burst into 
a church service in Cape 
Province, according to reports 
which have reached Amnesty 

This is the second account 
of the arrest of an entire 
congregation during a service 
on June 16 to commemorate 
those who died in the Soweto 
uprising 10 years ago. The first 
report — of the detention of 
more than 200 people at a 
service in Elsie’s River — was 
confirmed by the South Afri- 
can Government two days 
after news reached London. 

The latest report is of a raid 
on a church in the black 
township. The Location, at 
Graaff-Reinet Some 600 pa- 
rishioners were seized by po- 
lice who surrounded the 
Apolostic Faith Church to- 
wards the end of the service. 

The police entered the 
church just as the congrega- 
tion began to sing a hymn. 

: - Later. 100 members of the 
congregation, mainly children 
under 14 and people over 50. 
were released. 

Hj i 

IN THE SMALL TOWN of Lynchburg, 
Tennessee you’ll rarely see people hurrying 
about their business. And you’ll never see 
Lawrence Bums hurrying his. Hes a barrel- 
man for Jack Daniels. Its his job to watch 
over our whiskey until it develops the 
colour and richness of character that yields 
the rare taste of Jack Daniel’s. Thats some- 
thing only rim e can do. And however long 
it takes, that’s how long Lawrence Bums 
will wait 




“Dance, then, 






Mi Digital Equipment 

^ om P an y (DEO are IWj 
If delighted to be able to ^ 
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-The DEC Dance Awards. , 

Digital Equipment Company 
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Let the Dance continue 



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This sponsorship programme by DEC has been generously supported by the Governments Business Sponsorship Incentive Scheme . 
which is administered by the Assoaahon lor Buaness Sponsorship of the Arts. : 


Geoffrey Smith 

Why has not more attention 
been paid in the conn try to 
President Reagan's remark- 
able speech on disarmament at 
Glassboro last week? The 
most obvious explanation is 
that it is rather difficult to 
know exactly what to make of 

Here was the President 
responding in most positive 
fashion to Mr Gorbachov's 
latest disarmament proposals, 
jnst three weeks after indicat- 
ing that the US was untikeJhy to 
abide by the Salt 2 treaty after 
the end of the year. 

Then it was being said that 
Mr Reagan had given up hope 
of an arms control -agreement. 
Now he is speaking of n 
possible "iuniing point in the 
effort to make oars a safer and 
more peaceful world”. 

Tbs President certainly 
does not do things by halves. 
He has an instinct for rhetori- 
cal overkill, which is liable on 
occasion to be as perplexing Co 
his friends as to his adversar- 
ies. It is not even as if Mr 
Gorbachev's proposals were 
now consistent with Mr 
Reagan's vision of how. to 
protect America. 

“We cannot accept these 
particular proposals without 
change,” the President de- 
clare,- “but it appears that the 
Soviets have began to make a 
serious effort” This implies 
that their ideas ace at least 
moving In the right direction. 
Yet an integral part of the 
Soviet package is that the 
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty 
should be strengthened so as 
effectively to prevent, or at 
least to delay for many years, 
the deployment of SDI. 

Mr Gorbachov is offering 
deep cuts in strategic midear 
arum, provided tint the US 
agrees to extend to at least 15 
years the notice that either 
side would have to give before 
withdrawing from - the ABM 
treaty. This would permit SDI 
research to go ahead, bnt liot 
deployment so long as the 
treaty was Id force. 

Reaffirming faith 
in SDI concept 

Yet elsewhere In the 
Gbssboro speech Mr Reagan 
was reaffirming his huth in the 
most ambitions concept of 
SDI. Today's research, he 
claimed, “might one day en- 
able ns to put In space a shield 
that missiles conld not pene- 
trate — a shield that cookl 
protect ns from nuclear mis- 
siles jnst as a roof protects a 
family from rain”. 

That does not sound like die 
lawgn»g g of a man who is 
contemplating a compromise 
on SDI deployment So there 
is a logical inconsistency hi a 
speech which at the same time 
refers encouragingly to. pro-, 
posals that depend on sack a 


Why then did Mr Reagan 
say what he did? The unchari- 
table view wQl be that he has 
not taken on hoard thefaH 
meaning either of Mr 
Gorbachov's proposition, or of 
his own words, or possibly 
both. It is not, after all, the 
first time that the President 
hat rfimg firmly to incompati- 
ble objectives. 

Bnt it is too easily assmned, 
especially oa fids side of the 
Atlantic, that such an accom- 
plished politician does not 
know what Ire is doing. I 
believe that th e Pre sident was 
concerned not with the s pecif- 
ics of negotiation bnt with 
sending* pofitical signal. 

When subjected to dose 
logical scrutiny the speech 
does not hold together. I 
suspect, however, that i t had a 
broader purpose- The virtual 
abrogation of Sait 2 did not 
have a favourable reception 
either in the US or abroad. It 
upset his «1B ett and it made 
many Americans sceptical of 
his intentions. It therefore pot 
him on the wrong side p©if!- 
cally of the asms control issue. 

Sending a message 
loud and clear . 

1 What he. has been 

do now has been to correct 

jug out a message load and 
clear that he is stfll comitted to 
the pursuit of -arms control, 
that he wants a second summit 
with Mr Gorbachov and that, 
he remains enlisted in the 
ranks of the optimists. 

It is a message directed no 
doubt in part to the Soviet 
Union: Mr Reagan does not 
want the Geneva negotiations 
to collapse. Bnt It is alss 
presumably directed to toe 
American -voters who will be 
going to the potis in toe mid- 
term elections in November. 

This does not mem that he 
& insincere. Ait- his speech 
should be taken as an expres- 
sion of goodwill, nofTas an 
indication of the progress tbaf- 
ites been made; Whether -Mr 
Reagan appreciates it or not, 
toe major obstacles stiff. -®e 



Israeli Cabinet finds 
way to safeguard 
intelligence secrecy 

By nine votes to one, 
Israel's inner Cabinet agreed 
yesterday on a way to prevent 
any meaningful investigation, 
into the workings of Shin Bet, 
the country's intelligence, 
agency. Jt meant dismissing: 
the agency's director, Mr 
Avraham Shalom, &nd grant- 
ing him immunity from any 
future prosecution. 

The result is not a white- 
wash, but a procedural device 
to silence. -everybody con- 
cerned so that no evidence can 
be forced out prhich might 
endanger national security.- ■; 

In order to emasculate any 
possible inquiry, the help oP 
President Herzog had to-be 
obtained. The President has. 
largely ceremonial powers, but 
he does have the right of 
granting amnesty and, accord- 
ing to one reading of the law, 
he is entitled to grant this to 
someone who has yet to be 
tried and convicted. 

This; interpretation was, in 
fact, successfully challenged a 
year ago by the then Attorney 
General, Mr Yitzhak Zamir, 
who insisted that there could 
be amnesty without a prior 
conviction. He gave this rul- 
ing when members of the 
“Jewish Underground" were 
put on trial for bombing 
Palestinian leaders and Arab 
targets! Since their conviction, 
several: of the 25 who were 
sentenced have been released 
from Jail with the help of 
presidential clemency. 

In Che case of Shin Bet, the 
amnesty has been granted 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

specifically to Mr Shalom, 
who has been in charge of the 
agency since 1980 after a 
distinguished career as an 
undercover agent He had 
reportedly offered his resigna- 
tion several weeks ago in an 
effort to end publicity about 
the affair, but this offer had 
been turned down . by Mr 
. Shimon Peres, the Prime Min- 
ister, who has a very high 
personal regard for him. 

In offering his resignation, 
Mr Shalom has in no ray 
confessed to having ordered 
the murder of two Palestinian 
bus - hijackers, or of subse- 
quently engineering a cover- 
up of the truth before two* 
official = inquries. He has - 
stepped down only because 
the publicity given to his 
name has meant that he has 
lost his cover — and thus his 
usefulness - as head of what is - 
meant to be a -top secret 

The tome kind of amnesty 
has been granted to five other 
Shin Bet staff, including two 
legal advisers who were in- 
volved in preparing the case 
for the two official inquries. 
These five; - however, keep 
their jobs as they are unknown 
to the outside workL 

For the moment no new 
appointment has been made 
to run the agency and there 
will certainly be no publicity 
when the post is eventually 
filled. Mr Shalom, however, is 
expected to be given a senior 
security job in the Prime - 
Minister’s private office and 

The events which turned a 
Palestinian hijacking into an 
.Israeli- political scandal un- 
folded as follows:- 
Ajpril 12 1984: No 300 bus 
hijacked by four Palestinians 
to the Gaza Strip. 

April 13; Two hijackers, cap- 
oned:'. after the bus was 
stormed by Israeli troops, die 
in Shin Bet custody. Press 
photographs show the official 
version that the two were 
seriously injured to be untrue. 
.Official inquiry set np under 
Mqjop-GeneraJ Meir Zorea. 
May 28: Zorea inquiry finds 
the two “died at a later stage” 
and recommends a judicial 

August 6 1985: Report of 
commission by state attorney 
Yoria Blattman recommends 
that the commander of Israeli 
troops at the hijack scene. 

Brigadier-General Yitzhak 
Mordechai, should be tried for 
using undue force, and for 
improper conduct in treat- 
ment of the prisoners. ‘ 
October 12: Military court 
clears General Mordechai. 
The Attorney General. Mr 
Yitzhak Zamir, begins 
inquries to discover the true 
facts of the Palestinians' 

May 25 1986: The Cabinet 
refuses to suspend. Mr 
Avraham Shalom, the Shin 
Bet director, when the Attor- 
ney General insists on the 
police inquiry into toe death 
and subsequent cover-up. 
June I: Mr Zamir replaced as 
Attorney General by Mr Yosef 

Jane 25: Mr Shalom resigns, 
having been granted amnesty 
from any prosecution. 

Russia admits to 
Aids victims 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

c The Institute of Virology in 
Moscow is currently treating 
12 Aids patients. Professor 
Victor Zhdanov, head of toe 
institute, has told a three-day 
international conference on 
toe Acquired Immune Defi- 
ciency Syndrome which ended 
here yesterday. 

It is believed to be the first 
lime that a Soviet figure has 
admitted the existence of the 
disease in toe Soviet Union. 
Professor Zhdanov reported 
that three other centres in 
Russia were treating Aids 

The first Aids case in the 
Soviet Union — that of a 14- 
year-old girl — bad been 
identified in September 1984, 
Professor Zhdanov said. All 
blood donors were now being 
systematically tested far toe 

A glimmer of hope in the 
attempt to find an eventual 
treatment for Aids was given 
by an American team who 
reported on research into 
bone-marrow transplants, 
lymphocyte transfusions and 
an anti-viral drug. 

Dr Anthony Fauci of the 
National Institute of Allergy 
and Infectious Disease at Ben 
thesda, Maryland, cautiously 
described their results as “an 
important step in toe direction 
of treatment, but by no means 
a breakthrough”. 

. Dr Hand told the confer- 
ence, attended by nearly 2.000 
scientists, doctors and others 
from throughout the world, 
that one Aids patient, aged 34, 
who had been treated over 10 
months, had improved suffi- 
ciently to be able to return to 
fob-lime work. 

Another two patients, aged 
26 and 31, had died, however. 

All had received bone-marrow 
transplants from healthy, 
identical twin brothers with 
no evidence of the disease. 

Professor Claude Griscelli, 
of the Necker Children's Hos- 
pital in Paris, spoke of increas- 
ing concern over the contain-, 
ination of unborn babies by 
mothers carrying the virus. .In 
May this year, 69 Aids cases 
among babies had been diag- 
nosed in Europe and 289 in 
the United States, he said. 

Of the 59 babies born to 
mothers carrying toe Aids 
virus, who bad been examined 
by the Necker Hospital over 
toe past. nine months, 13 were 
found to have the disease, 
including four who had al- 
ready died; 14 appeared free of 
the virus at toe age qf ax 
months; and the remaining 29 
were still too young fora firm 
diagnosis to be made, Profes- 
sor Griscelli said. 

Forty-two had been bom to 
mothers who were drug ad- 
dicts. 10 to African or Indian 
mothers and one to a bisexual 
partner, while the remaining 
three were of unknown 

There was' good news for 
policemen who are threatened 
with being bitten by criminals 
claiming to have Aids. A study 
of 180 people caring for Aids 
patients in Canada showed 30 
had been scratched or bitten 
but none had been infected. • 

Dr Halphan Mahler, direc- 
tor-general of the World 
Health Organization, reported 
there were now an estimated 
30,000 to 100,000 Aids cases 
worldwide. Half would die 
within a year of being diag- 
nosed, he said. A further 5-10 
million people were believed 
to be infected and capable of 
transmitting the virus. 

Athens fears grow of 
new terrorist attack 

- From Mario Modiano, Athens 

The- Greek authorities are 
stepping' up security precau- 
tions after receiving intelli- 
gence from 'several sources 
about ah. impending attack by 
Middle Eastern -terrorists 
against British, American and. 
Italian targets in Athens. 

Security was tightened a 
week ag o at British premises 
in Athens aLtoe requestoftoe 
British' Embassy. Italian 
premises hcneajre also heavily 
guarded after last -Thursday’s, 
bomb attack against the Ital- 
ian Chamber of Commerce 
andthediscovery ofabombat 
the Xrafiah consulate.- 
Since Sunday the alert has 
jjeen extended to ^possible. 
Aineffcah' tar^fa. \ . , 

The alert came as the Greek 
Government redefined its po- 
sition on international terror- 
ism after causing many raised 
. eyebrows in Washington, and 
other Western capitate. 

- A government spokesman 
said Greece condemned acts 
of violence committed by 
liberation movements outside 
the territories they claimed, 
especially if they involved 
innocent victims, - 

The Greek Government's 

rhetoric on the subject seems 

to be at variance with its 
practice. Western counter-ter- 

rorism experts 5 say they re- 
ceive the fullest co-operation 
from ifie Greet authorities. - 

can expect to remain there 
after Mr Yitzhak Shamir takes 
over as bead of the govern- 
ment in October. 

Politically, the outcome has 
brought predictable angry crit- 
icism from the left and satis- 
fied comments from the ri 
inside the Knesset 
Sbulamit Aloni. of the 
Citizens’ Rights Movement 
was bitter ai toe way the 
President had been used to 
solve what she considered was 
a political problem. “Mr Peres 
will become known as toe man 
who turned toe role of law into 
toe rule of rulers,” she said. 

On toe right Mrs Guela 
Cohen, of toe Tehiya Party, 
welcomed toe fact that finally 
there was an end to efforts to 
use the law wrongfully to 
investigate the Shin Bet and 
the Mossad (secret service) — 
organizations which, she said, 
a country in a permanent state 
of war needed in order to exist. 

Ultimately there is unlikely 
to be any immediate trouble 
for the Government in toe 
Knesset, with toe Ukud coali- 
tion happy with what has 
happened and toe Labour 
Party uneasy but unwilling' to 
make an issue out of some- 
thing where public sympathy, 
according to opinion polls, lies 
with the secret services. 

The one thing to emerge 
from the affair so far is a new 
special committee of jurists 
and security personnel who 
will be required to learn toe 
lessons of what happened on 
this occasion and to set up 
future procedures of operation 
for Shin Bet. 

Since toe whole cover-up 
was originally exposed by 
press photographs that were 
taken at the time of toe 
hijacking, it is thought highly 
probable that the new com- 
mittee will insist on less co- 
operation being given to toe 
media fn.future incidents. 

• • '■■if.' , • , 

*'•; *;V 

The Pope has a special word for one-month-old David Michael Arvidson from New York, 
who attracted the Pope's attention yesterday as he tonred St Peter's Square in his open Jeep. 

♦ • >• 

Blow to Alabama liberals 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The Wallace era In Ala- 
bama has abruptly ended, 
ushering in a new pattern of 
politics that could have wider 
repercussions for racial har- 
mony in the state. 

Alter a bitterly-fought pri- 
mary battle, Mr Charles 
Graddlck, a conservative who 
has the unsolicited endorse- 
ment of the Ku Klnx Klan, 
narrowly won the Democratic 
no minati on on Tuesday for 
governor in November's elec- 


nor George 
a liberal. 

wbo was 

persuaded by the opinion polls 
H was time to retire, hoped to 
establish a dynasty through 
his protege, Mr Bill Baxley, 
the state's Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor. Mr Baxley's defeat took 
most people by surprise. 

Mr Graddlck, Alabama's 
attorney-general, declared he 
had God on his side and had 
won through “blood, sweat, 
tears and money”. He is likely 
to defeat Mr Guy Hunt, the 
Republican contender. 

There has not been a Repub- 
lican governor since Recon- 
struction. Democrats have 

held their grip on state offices 
for more than a decade by 
creating a coalition of blacks 
and whites. 

But Mr Graddlck virtually 
shunned the black vote. In- 
deed, some Macks and liberal 
whites accused him of promot- 
ing racial divisions. Mr 
Baxley, by contrast, courted 
the Mack vote. 

Mr Graddick won by cap- 
turing the support of regis- 
tered Republicans, although a 
fierce legal battle was laun- 
ched by his opponents to try to 
limit rating to registered 

men again 

Firm Jan Raath 

Disconsolate lawyers yester- 
day returned to toe High 
Court here to make their next 
move in an apparently futile 
bid to secure toe release from 
detention of two high-ranking 
customs officers. 

Mr John Austin, aged 36, 
and Mr Kenneth Harper, aged 
43, were driven to Harare's 
central police station late on 
Tuesday after a five-hour siege 
by secret service agents of toe 
lawyer's office in which they 
had locked themselves. 

The siege began shortly after 
toe supreme court confirmed 
that the latest order for their 
detention was illegal. They 
were released only to be 
trailed by Central Intelligence 
Organization officers with 
new instructions for their 
detention without triaL 
After several angry confron- 
tations with CIO officers, the 
attorney representing toe men 
allowed a senior intelligence 
agent into toe locked office. 

He persuaded Mr Austin 
and Mr Harper to return to 
Chikurubi prison, saying he 
had been instructed that they 
were to be re-arrested immedi- 
ately for spying and being 
involved in subversive 

Yesterday the two men won 
an injunction from Mr Justice 
Barnabas Somalia ordering 
Mr Emmerson Munangwa. 
the Minister for Security, .to 
state why toe new orders — 
which their lawyers have not 
yet seen — should not again be 
regarded as illegal 
Failure to answer adequate- 
ly by tomorrow morning will 
result in another release order. 

Since late February, the 
Zimbabwe judiciary has ruled 
in many cases that there has 
been insufficient grounds for 
detention. Such detentions are 
rapidly becoming toe nation's 
most controversial human 
rights issue. 


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DAY JUNE 26 1 986 

During the next session, the Government in- 
tends to introduce aTape Levy.This presumes that 
everyone who buys blank tape will be guilty of an 
offence against copyright law. 

In fact, it’s worse than that Not only is guilt 
presumed, but sentence is passed. 

Even if you only use blank tapes to record 
your own voice or your own programs, you are 
about to be fined. 

If you do use tape to keep your records in 
mint condition,you may technically be infringing 
our outdated copyright laws. But are you really 
offending the spirit of those laws, especially since 

you’ve already paid for the right to listen to your 
music any number of times? 

A Tape Levy would be a fine which will cost 
you as much as 20% on top of the price you pay 
for every blank audio tape. 

And the proceeds of the levy will go mainly 
to rich record companies and prosperous music 

Fight for your innocence, and stop the rich 
getting richer Help prevent the Tape Levy be 
coming law by contacting: 

The Tape Manufacturers Group, 17-19 Foley 
Street, London W1P 7LH. 






Court appeal 
wins time for 
death sentence 

From M. G. G. Pillai, Koala Lumpur 

Hopes grew yesterday that a 
British-born Australian on 
Malaysia's Death Row will 
not hang this week as the High 
Court meets here this morning 
to hear arguments for an 
urgent stay of execution. 

Kevin Barlow, aged 29, and 
his accomplice, another Aus- 

Deniclc Gregory of Rich- 
mond, Surrey, arrested in 
October 1982 for possession 
of heroin, has been held on 
remand ever since. Barlow 
and Chambers were arrested 
in November 1983, but- were 
not tried until last July. ... 
While legal arguments go 

tralian, Brian Chambers, aged on, Barlow and Chambers are 
28, lace imminent execution visited dail y by their mothers. 

after clemency petitions were 
rejected last Saturday. They 
were convicted under Malay- 
sia's lough laws which stipu- 
late a mandatory death 
penalty for drug trafficking, 
and would be the first West- 
erners to be hanged in Malay- 
sia for drug offences. 

Their banging was to have 
taken place today on a lorry- 
mounted gallows at Pudu 
prison, Kuala Lumpur. 

brothers and sisters, who have 
flown from Australia. Mrs 
Barlow has told reporters that 
her son has discussed funeral 
arrangements and expressed a 
wish to be buried in Australia. 

There is no particular inter- 
est here in the fate of the two 
men, especially after reports 
from Australia that they were 
allegedly couriers for a drugs 
syndicate in West Australia. 

There is also little interest 

Malaysia has so far sen- here in an Australian sugges- 
tenced 1 SI menand women to tion that the two serve their 
death and another 203 to life sentences in Australian jails, 
imprisonment for drug traf- should the death sentences be 
ticking. So far 36 have been commuted. 

executed, including Singap- 
oreans, Indonesians' and 

Of those on Death Row, 25 

The growing view here is 
that they be hanged without 

If for any reason the two do 

are foreigners, of whom only not hang, it is only a matter of 
two — Barlow and Chambers time before a white man is 
— are white, but awaiting trial hanged. In Malaysia anyone 
are an Englishman, a West caught with 15 grammes of 
German, a New Zealand heroin or more feces a manda- 
woman and her son, all of lory death sentence on convic- 
whom will be sentenced to tion, since heis deemed to be a 
death if convicted. drug trafficker. - • ■ 

31 executed in China 

Peking (AFP) — Thirty-one 
criminals were executed yes- 
terday in China's largest mass 
execution since it launched a 
widely publicized drive 
against crime in 1983. 

The executed prisoners 
were all men aged between 19 

and 35. They were lulled by 
China's method ofa bullet in 
the neck. Six were convicted 
murderers. Others were guilty 
of rape or armed robbery. A 
store manager aged 22 and a 
21-year-old employee were 
condemned for stealing 

Actress Raquel Welch raises her arms 
In victory after being awarded SHU? 
million {about £6.9 million) for unfair 
dismissal -from the film Cannery Row 
(Renter reports from Los Angeles). 

The 45-year-old actress, who rose to 
fame as a bikini-clad cave woman in 
One Million Years B.CL, contended that 
Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) exec- 
utives replaced her with Debra Winger 
in the John Steinbeck classic because 
they needed a scapegoat for the film's 

budget overruns. 

“It was devastating to me,” she 
tearfully told the Los Angeles jury 
during the four-week hearing. “I felt my 
professional life was over.” 

The studio, which has said it will 
appeal, maintained she was dimissed 
from the 1980 film, which also starred 
Nick Nolte, because she refused to 
follow instructions and insisted on 
applying her make-up at home. 

Paraguay police attack exile 

Asuncion (Renter) — Police 
at Asuncion airport beat up 
the exiled Paraguayan opposi- 
tion leader, Senor Domingo 
.Laino, as he made his fifth 
•attempt to return home, and 
'attacked die former US Am- 
bassador, Mr Robert White, 
who was escorting him, wit- 
nesses said. 

“Laino fell to the floor and 
even then he was subjected to 

a brutal beating. I think he had 
two broken ribs,” Seftor 
Roberto Asiain, a Uruguayan 
deputy also accompanying the 
exile, told reporters at the 

Mr White said he, too, had 
been beaten with truncheons 
by plainclothes police. 

He flew with Senor Laino 
from Montevideo as the exile 
tried to return to Paraguay in 

defiance of a ban imposed by 
the Government of President 
Alfredo Stroessner. 

Senor Laino was exiled in 
1982. He has made four 
previous attempts to return 
home to stand trial on charges, 
including that of having con- 
tacts with the guerrillas who 
killed the former Nicaraguan 
leader, Anasiasio Soraoza. in 
Asuncion in 1980. 

Sri Lankan 
peace plan 
by Gandhi 

From Vyitba Yapa 

President Jayewardene of 
Sri Lanka yesterday told op- 
position representatives that 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
Prime Minister, was happy 
about the island's proposal for 
devolution — put forward in a 
bid to end the country's 
continuing unrest. 

At a conference with repre- 
sentatives of eight political 
parlies. Mr Jayewardene said 
Mr Gandhi had written to 
him, saying he hoped the 
proposal would be imple- 
mented in fuIL 

Mr Jayewardene said the 
unit of devolution would be 
the provincial council with an 
elected chief minister. The 
port of Trincomaiee, in the 
eastern province, however, 
would be excluded from any 
area of authority. 

He said the Bill to give 
legislative power for the pro- 
vincial council would be in 
effect shortly. 

"Sri Lanka is a mighty 
racial, mighty religious coun- 
try. Let the past suspicions of 
these different groups be now 
forgotten to secure a better 
fixture for all,” the President 
appealed to the opposition 

He asked them to submit 
any suggestions about the 
proposal to him by July 1 1. 

Mr Jayewardene announced 
that a political parties' confer- 
ence would be held daily from 
July 15 to July 18 to study the 
devolution proposal in detail. 

Just hours before 
yesterday's conference. 16 ci- 
vilians were lulled and 57 
people injured in three sepa- 
rate landmine explosions in 
the Northern and Eastern 

All those who died were 
travelling in a van, belonging 
to the assistant government 
agent's office, in the Trinco-" 
malee district. -•••' 

Garcia says troops 
may have killed 
up to 40 prisoners 

lima (Renter) — President 
Garda said Peruvian troops 
may have shot dead up to 40 
Maoist guerrilla inmates who 
surrendered after prison riots 
last week. 

He ordered the arrest of 
those responsible, but said in a 
television speech on the mili- 
tary action to crush rims at 
three i-ima jails that his 
Government had to prevent 

"Initial investigations imply 
'that in the prison of Luri- 
gancho an undetermined num- 
ber of prisoners, maybe 30 or 
40, were shot dead by mem- 
bers of the Sepablican Guard 
once they had surrendered,” 
the President said. 

"I have ordered the impris- 
onment and trial iff the chiefs, 
officials and personnel of the 
Republican Guard who, after 
the surrender, went on brutally 
to annihilate the subversives.” 

The military has said 124 
alleged members of the Maoist 
Sendero Lnminoso (Shining 
Path) guerrilla group were 
lulled in the battle to retake 
Lurigancho jaiL 

Unofficial estimates said up 
to 300 gnerrilla inmates died 
in the fighting for control of 
Lurigancho mid the island 
prison of El Fronton. Western 
diplomats said they had beard 
estimates of L000 dead. 

Opposition sources said all 

Sendero guerrillas in Lori- 
gancho had died. They said 
the operation was conducted 
by commandos from the Army 
and the Republican Guard, a 
14, 000-strong paramilitary 
unit that protects borders, 
state installations and prisons. 

President Garda ordered a 
military inquiry into possible 
excesses at Lurigancho after 
heavy pressure from Socialist 
International, a world group- 
ing of Socialist and Soda! 
Democratic parties meeting in 
Lima at the time of the 

A left-wing opposition lead- 
er, Senator Javier Diez 
Canseco, has accused the mili- 
tary of executing about 60 
inmates at Lurigancho after 
they surrendered. 

The Government charged 
that Sendero, whose six-year 
insurgency has cost almost 
8,000 lives, staged the prison 
riots to sully the image of Peru 
during the Socialist Interna- 
tional congress. 

In Ayacucho province, the 
Andean zone where the rebel 
group started^ Shining Path 
guerrillas hong effigies of 
President Garda and soldiers 
with signs promising revenge. 

More than 7,500 people 
have been killed since the 
Shining Path began trying to 
overthrow Peruvian govern- 
ments six years ago. 

Voters in Sicily reject 
anti-Mafia crusaders 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

Five members of the li- 
man anti-Mafia commission 
— including the chairman, 
deputy chairman and secre- 
tary — were among the defeat- 
ed candidates in Sunday's 
regional elections in Sicily. 

C According to Signor Angelo 
Ganazzoli, the Socialist who 
presided over the commis- 

sion, his defeat was explicitly 
due to his anti-Mafia activi- 
ties. Even members of his own 
pariy pul obstacles in his way. 

Other candidates outside 
the commission who had cam- 
paigned against the Mafia also 
did badly. Signor Alfredo 
Galasso, a Communist judge, 
failed to win a seat. 

Yugoslav party congress 

Chorus girls vie with tired slogans 

Rom Richard Bassett 

The 13 th Yugoslav Commu- 
nist Party congress opened 
here yesterday with all the 
cumbersome rhetoric associat- 
ed with established Eastern 
European congress rituals. 

Honrs were spent introduc- 
ing and applauding delegates 
and when finally the party 
chairman, Mr Vidoje Zark- 
oric, delivered his opening 
report — a turgid 60-page 
speech —it bronght little joy to 
those who hoped the congress 
would express many Yugo- 
slavs’ desire for radical 

Although the speech was 
critical of the country's eco- 
nomic performance; it under- 
lined the difficulties of radical 

No effective remedies were 
proposed, though bureaucracy 
and nationalism were singled 
out as scapegoats for some of 
the country’s economic ills. 

Despite rousing s inging of 
"The Internationale”, led by a 
group of chorus girls, which 
initiated the day's proceed- 
ings, the image which remains 
on the nation's television 
screens is of prosperous, well- 
turned-out party officials 
whose ranks of sombre dark 
suits are only briefly interrupt- 
ed by the khalti-and-gold uni- 
forms of the Yugoslav general 

Not surprisingly, a recent 
opinion poll . in a Belgrade . 

Tito’s widow 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Jovanka 
Broz, widow of Marshal Tito; 

: the late. Yugoslav leader, ar- 
rived . uninvited at the Com- 
munist Party congress 
yesterday and was turned 
away, congress sources : sahL- 
Jovanka. aged 61, whose hus- 
band-died in 1980, has been, 
involved in a row over his 
legacy.:- ‘ r 

; The state says some of his 
goods constitute public 

weekly reported that more 
than 60 per . cent of the 
population had little Talth in 
the party getting to grips with 
the country's problems. 

After Mr Zarkovic's speech, 
the traditionally murky area of 
Balkan politics and rivalries 
was explored by a commission 
of die congress discussing 
Yugoslav foreign policy. The 
problem of the country's na- 
tional minorities has dogged 
relations between Yugoslavia 
and its Balkan neighbours in 
recent years. 

Mr Dovrivoje VMic, a mem- 
ber of the Praesfctimn of the 
Central Committee and a for- 
mer ambassador to . Britain, 
complained to the congress 
that Greek pdUtidans were 
interfering in Yugoslavia's in- 
ternal affairs. 

This was a reference to a 
statement earlier this month 
by Mr Andreas Papamhreou, 
the Greek Prime Minister, 

denying the existence, not only 
in Greece bat also in Yugosla- 
via, of a Macedonian minority. 

Macedonians constitute one 
of Yugoslavia's republics and 

are~;Tecognized here as a 
distinct nation. Mr Papand- 
reou's speech drew a formal 
protest from. Belgrade and Mr 
Vatic yesterday accused Alhr 
ens of a “flagrant attack” on 
Yugoslavia's constitutional or- 
der. . 

Having dealt with the 
Greeks, Mr Vktic now tinned 
to the Bulgarians. accusing 
them of. also denying the 
existence of the Macedonian 
nation and expressing territo- 
rial aspirations towards Yugo- 

But the congress reserved its 
most hostile words yesterday 
for the Albanians. In Tirana, 
capital of Albania, there were 
not only territorial aspira- 
tions, “unconcealed” accord- 
ing to Mr Vidic, but also open 
support for the counter-revolu- 
tionary Albanian separatists 
within Yngos-lavia’s autono- 
mous region of Kosovo. 

Tirana has repeatedly and 
formally denied any desire for 
territorial aggrandisement at 
Yngpslavia’s expense. 

Tirana, for its part, has 
accused Belgrade of delaying 
construction of the railway 
between Scutari and Titograd, 
linking Albania with the rest 
of Europe by rail, but the 
Yugoslavs deny putting eco- 
nomic pressure on Tirana. 

Rebels accept 
Delhi deal 
on Mizoram 

From Kuldip Nayar 

The 25-year-old insurgency 
in Mizoram, m north-east 
India, bordering Bangladesh 
and Burma, came to an end 
when the insurgents’ represen- 
tative group, the Mizo Nation- 
al Front, signed an agreement 
on Wednesday with the ruling 
Congress (I) Party in New 

Mr LaWenga, the MNF 
chief, who was living in exile 
in London until recently, will 
head foe interim coalition 
with foe Congress (I) Party. 

Under the deal, Mizoram 
will be given the status of a 
fully-fledged state, India’s 
twenty-third, having a "sepa- 
rate governor and a separate 
High Court. The MNF rank 
and file, who have been 
defying the Indian security 
forces so for, will lay down , 
their arms and close their 
underground headquarters in 
the Arkan hills at the junction 
of India, Burma and Bangla- 
desh. . 

The coalition will have 
more Congress than MNF 
ministers, since the Congress 
(I) Party has 23 members in a 
house of 33. The assembly is 
not being dissolved for- foe 
time bong. The present Chief 
Minister, .Mr Lahhanbwala. is 
vet to decide whether he wift 
join the coafftion. 

Mr LaWenga, who signed 
foe agreement with Mr Arjun 
Singh, theCongress (!) Party’s 
vice-president, has appealed 
ip foe .Mizo underground to 
lay doivn- its anns. 

Kenya and Tanzania 
put accent on trade 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

A three-day state visit to 
Kenya this week by President 
Mwinyi of Tanzania has illus- 
trated how relations between 
foe two countries have im- 
proved since 1983, when foeir 
joint border was reopened., 
after being closed by Tanzania 
for more than six years. 

Mr Mwinyi succeeded Dr 
Julius Nyerere, who resigned 
from foe presidency last No- 
vember. He has had formal 
talks here with President Moi 
of* Kenya, and foe two leaders 
emphasized their wish' for 

President Mwinyi: toured 
industries and farms. 

continued close links and for 
stronger trade relations. 

The two leaders emphasized 
their commitment to East 
African co-operation, though 
there is no practical hope of 
reviving the East African 
Community which linked 
their countries with Uganda 
until 1977. It was disagree- 
ment about foe operation of 
the Community, with Tanza- 
nia accusing Kenya of domi- 
nating East African trade, 
which led to its collapse in 

Tanzania still has serious 
financial problems which are 
limiting its ability to import 
manufactured goods from Ke- 
nya. But Tanzania's prospects 
have improved following 
agreement with the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund for 
substantial assistance in re- 
turn for a restructuring of the 
country's economy. . 

As part of foe pa cka ge, foe 
Tanzanian shilling has been 
halved in value within a 
matter of weeks (to 60 shil- 
lings to foe pound sterling) 
and farther devaluations are 

Greenpeace ship seized again 

Oslo (AP) - For file second 
time.>.ia two. Weeks, the 
Greenpeace vessel, - Moby 

the" Norwegian coast , 
and towed - to the port of 

Tberepert said the ship was 
seized after repeatedly violat- 
ing ' Norway ’s ^territorial 


.. On Tuesday, Moby Dick 
obeyed a coast guard order to 
leave for international wafers 
after trying to hinder seven 
Norwegian whaling vessels. 

- But early yesterday the strip 
returned to territorial waters 
and was seized by a coast 
guard ship. 

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T he Taoiseach was in a 
burry, rushing out of a 
meeting with visiting 
newspaper correspon- 
dents to be in time for 
the start of that day's parliamenta- 
ry business. He delayed long 
enough to reveal that he had 
dreamt the night before that he 
had overslept, eventually rising to 
speak wearing only his pyjamas. 

h is difficult to think of many 
other Prime Ministers who would 
cheerfully tell this story to a dutch 
of complete strangers, and with so 
little guile. Garret FitzGerald 
bustled away, leaving a roomful of 
open-mouthed guests behind him. 
lire Irish electorate have had 
longer than the journalists to get 
used to Garret (as he is universally 
known); whether they vote for him 
or not, the first thing most of them 
will say about him is that be is so 
extraordinarily nice. “In a room", 
someone wrote of him recently, 
“women feel safe with him, but 
wish they didn’t" 

He has spent a good deal of time 
in the later part of his career 
suppressing his niceness and ac- 
cessibility in order to seem less of 
a garrulous, absent-minded pro- 
fessor and more of a tough and 
wordly statesman. On television, 
be has learnt to control his 
tendency to bob his BriUo-pad 
head of hair up and down in time 
with a list of rapid-fire points. The 
high-fliers of the Dublin civil 
service are on hand to ensure that 
he does not appear in public 
wearing odd shoes. He once did so 
during a general election cam- 
paign to the predictable delight of 
his opponents; campaign press 
conferences were devoted to chew- 
ing over the significance of this 
engaging error. 

His ima^ cm more serious 
matters has improved with time. 
He now makes fewer forced errors 
and his long-term aims appear as 
part of a more coherent strategy 
than they once did. That is by no 
means the same as saying that the 
ruling Fine Gael-Labour coalition 
can survive the next election, 
which must be fought by Novem- 
ber 1987 at the latest and - if 
today's divorce referendum goes 
against the government's pro- 
posed liberalization — may well 
come much sooner. The last major 
opinion poll found Charles 
Haughey’s Fianna Fail leading the 
government by 12 points (al- 
though sti ll felling short of an 
overall majority). 

FitzGerald celebrated his rixti- 

an election tomorrow, he would at 
least go down as the man who 
signed the Hillsborough Agree- 
ment with Margaret Thatcher. His 
“constitutional crusade” has fal- 
tered since its overconfident 
launch but nevertheless regained 
some ofits momentum. Fine Gael 
holds the largest number of Dail 
(parliament) seats in its history 
and the party has been vigorously 

But he has not fought his way 
out of the vicious economic circle 
which has crippled several recent 
governments. Massive govern- 
ment borrowing requires heavy 
taxation to finance it; breaking out 
of the circle has pushed up 
unemployment although inflation 
has fallen. No section of the 
electorate is happy. "Seventeen 
per cent of them are out of a job", 
said one dispirited Cabinet minis- 
ter the other day. "and the other 
83 per cent think they're 

A computer programmed to 
deliver the perfect political pedi- 
gree could hardly have improved 
on FitzGerald's parentage- Both 
father and mother were fervent 
nationalists; Desmond, a poet, 
had been bom in London to Irish 
emigrant parents and Mabel, who 
had worked as a temporary secre- 
tary to George Bernard Shaw, 
came from northern protestant 
stock. Both of them were inside 
the O’Connell Street Post Office in 
the Easter Rising of 1916. 

F itzGerald has not been 
shy of using his impecca- 
bly republican-plus- 
ancestry as an 
advertisment for his willingness to 
understand northern unionists. 
To date, few northern unionists 
seem to have taken the bait. 

Desmond went into politics, 
eventually serving as foreign min- 
ister in the Free State government 
Garret grew up in a bohemian 
household filled with talk of 
poetry and politics; T.S. Eliot and 
W.B. Yeats would come to stay. 
Ezra Pound wrote a Canto about 
FitzGerald senior. By the time 
Garret began earning his own 
living, the literary aristocracy had 
faded and his energies went into 
something more modem; airline 

He made his name at Act 
L ingus before becoming an eco- 
nomic consultant and journalist 
His passion for facts, and particu- 
larly numerical ones, is legendary. 
I once travelled on a FitzGerald 
campaign on which journalists 
were warned by party officials, on 
pain of expulsion from the earn- 

ed! birthday last February and 
mat year will mark 10 years at the 
head of his party. The verdict on 
his leadership is mixed. If he lost 

assistant TnrotyCoBago 
1959: Lecturer in Political . 
Economy. Urtiveraty 
College, ESt* 60 

1385: Enters Senalfl 

1969: Enters Dafi _ 

1972: Publishes Towards A 
New Ireland 
1973: Becomes Foreign 


1977 : Elected leader ot fine 


1981: Forms coafitam 

of tfie opposition. 
December. forms 

present coalition 

1985: November. Angto-a 
Agreement signed 

paign bus, not to mention opinion 
poll statistics in front of him. They 
had discovered to their cost that 
the arithmetical digression which 
would then engross their party 
leader could wreck a whole day's 

He entered the Dail in 1969 at 
die age of 43 and became Foreign 
Minister in the Fine Gael-Labour 
coalition four years later. He 
excelled at the intricate manoeu- 
vres of bargaining in Brussels, 
where many Irish form incomes 
are at stake. People began to 
realize that the teddy bear exterior 
concealed not only a formidable 
brain but a considerable reserve of 
determination. He was ultimately 
judged so communitaire that dur- 

ing one search for a President of 
the EEC Commission, the British 
asked FitzGerald if he would be 
interested in seeing his name put 
forward. He was not; the Fine 
Gael leadership was already in 

He took over from foe grey, 
cautious Liam Cosgrdve in 1977;' 
two years later, Charles Haughey 
acceded to the leadership of 
Fianna FaiL The double act is still 
going, three elections later. It took 
FitzGerald some time to acclimar 
tize to the move from the rather 
gentler world of foreign affairs and 
Euro-bureaucracy to the tougher 
demands of leadership. He was 
seen for some time as a backroom 
boy unsuited to parliamentary cut 

and thrust, particularly against an 
opponent as stylish as Haugfrey. 

He made an idiot of himself 
with opaque remarks about 
Haughey when he became his 
party’s leader: tie referred to a 
"flawed pedigree" and said that 
Haughey’s . motives could - be 
"judged only by God". This was 
ail taken as a maladroit reference 
to Haughey’s role in the IRA arms 
trial of foe early 1970s but 
FitzGerald has never adequately' 
explained his words. He stumbled 
into a gabbled commitment to a 
referendum on adding a ban on 
abortion to the constitution, an 
error which was violently unpopu- 
lar with Fme Gad's social liberals 
and which caused endless seman- 

tic zig-zagging and wriggling dur- 
ing the eventual bitter campaign 
on the amendment 
For a time, Haughey rode high 
on a combination of international 
borrowing and euphoria created 
by his successful summit meeting 
with Mrs Thatcher about North- 
ern Ireland in December 1980. But 
events swung bade in FitzGerald’s 
favour. As the economy deterio- 
rated, he slowly gained the initia- 
tive with policies that began to 
look mare and more necessary. 
Amid the bitterness of the hunger 
strike in the north, Haughey’s 
quick fix with Maggie no longer 
looked so good. 

FitzGerald's periods in govern- 
ment have concentrated on three 
targets: social reform. Northern 
Ireland and the economy. His re- 
election will depend almost entire- 
ly on economic satisfaction and 
performance. The government's 
best defence is that its medicine 
needs time to work and that no 
electorate in its senses would want 
a return to the inflation of remit 
yean; its weakness is that sucoess 
against inflation is quickly forgot- 
ten and the opposition claim that 
the underlying problems remain 

His ambitions in soda! reform 
and in policy towards: Northern 
Ireland are inseparable. Giving 
altogether too much weight to this 
one element in unionist psycholo- 
gy, 'FitzGerald believes foal foe 
creation of a more plural society is 
the key to persuading stubborn 
northerners of the attractions of 
their southern neighbour. He has 
other quite genuine, reasons for 
favouring social reform. Ireland is 
adjusting to the consequences of a 
much faster rate of social and 
economic change than many ofits 
European neighbours. A relatively 
poor and predominantly rural 
society has been modernized very 

rapidly: a richer, less insular and 
urban society has grown along- 
side. less ready to subscribe to 
traditional pieties. 

Influenced by the Catholic phi-, 
losopher Jacques Mantain, who 
argued for greater pluralism m 
Catholic societies of the future, 
FitzGerald has been working for 
some years towards slow separa- 
tion of church and state. He began 
laving foe groundwork for foe 
legal proposals of the I980s_at 
least 10 years earlier by exploring 
foe room for movement with the 
Vatican's veteran diplomat Cardi- 
nal Casaroli. 

N ot an of this has gone 
his way ~ the abortion 
referendum was a 
disaster - but he has 
pushed through more 
liberalizations of the law an 
contraception and stands a fair 
chance of seeing a tentative mea- 
sure of divorce introduced by 
today's poll. 

The best that can be said for his 
policy towards Northern Ireland is 
foal it has been pursued with some 
stability and consistency, produc- 
ing modestly useful results. Hie 

Hillsborough Agreement was the 
product of tortuous negotiation 

product of tortuous negotiation 
requiring some stoic patience 
from FitzGerald, particularly 
when he was pressed to react to' 
Thatcher's dismissive rejection 
(“Out. out, gut") of the New 
Ireland Forum -report. 

. His silence was the wisdom of a 
matured politician. The Info per- 
haps view the agreement more 
sceptically than the mainland 
British, being more keenly aware 
of the toughness of the problem- 
But they credit Garret with a small 
success in a field where successes 
of any kind are rare enough. 

George Brock 

Through a glass, lightly 


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Britain is spending £35 
i million a day on alcohol, and 
foe huge daily round is getting 
bigger. We now drink almost 
twice as much alcohol as the 
nation did in foe 1950s, and at 
just about half the cost in real 
terms. In health terras, howev- 
er. the cost has never been 
greater. More than 25,000 
, people a year are dying as a 
direct result of alcohol abuse, 
according to a report by 
Action on Alcohol Abuse. The 
damage to family life, work 
performance and other social 
effects is incalculable. 

What is different about foe 
latest style of the warning 
message is that it is being 

K pint 
.1 pint 

quart bottle 

beer or lager 
Export beer 

Strong dder 

quart botHe 8 

Strong si 
or lager 


The Health Education 
Council recommends "two or 
three pints, two or three times 
a week" as foe safest course. 
But such a pattern does not 
mean that you can safely drink 
a lot more on foe ofoer days. A 
report in the British Medical 
Journal last November finked 
such binges with an increased 
risk of strokes. 

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1 can 

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1 standard 
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1 unit alcohol =» 1 standard drink 

Measure for measure: keeping your alcohol intake in check 

aimed largely at those of us 
who think we know better 

who think we know better 
that seemingly safe and inof- 
fensive majority known as 
“moderate drinkers”. A grow- 
ing percentage of alcohol's 
casualties, evidence suggests, 
are essentially law-abiding, 
respectable men and women, 
often with good jobs and a 
better than average lifestyles. 

This amiable and sociable 
group is most responsible for 
the 240 per cent increase in 
wine drinking, and foe 95 per 
cent rise in spirit drinking, 
since 1962. What is a “moder- 
ate drinker"? How much is 
loo ranch, and for those who 
aren't sure, is there such a 
tactic as “clever drinking” that 
will offer protection? 

The Legal and General in- 

surance group launched, last 
| month. The Art of Sensible 
Drinking, a video with foe 
| message foal, whereas a few 
drinks may be harmless, too 
many people don’t know 
where to stop. Indeed, some 
medical experts wiU soon cut 
by almost half the recom- 
mended safe limits. 

The Royal College of Psy- 
> chiatrists recommended, in 
1970, a maximum limit of 
eight drinksa day, or 56 units 
ofalcohol a week. A unit 
equals a half pint of beer, a 
glass of wine or a single 
measure of spirits - a limit 
most experts nave since recog- 
nized as much too high- And 
there may have arisen a 

author -with his wife Jo of 
Drinking Problems, believes 
physical damage from alcohol 
begins to occur in men taking 
more than 21 units a week. 1 
Such quantities increase the 
risk of high blood pressure, 
strokes and heart disease, he 
says. Women, who are affect- 
ed ax lower levels, should 
consider 14 units their safe 
maximum, he says. 

Heavy drinking sessions are 
more associated with physical 
damage, particuialry to the 
stomach, than regular tipples 
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units. Set a daily or weekly 
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temptation to drink to that 
limit. Keep a diary of your 
intake, and set specific limits 
for particular occasions, such 
as a party or a pub outing. 

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Serious problems, such as 
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Fifty years on the 

Guerra of Books 

Antony Beevor 

By Walter Gregory 

Gollancz. £10.95 

Introduction by 
Raymond Carr 

AUen & Unwin, £14.95 

By Rani Preston 

Weidenfeld & Nicobon. £10.95 


By Franz Borkenaa ' 

Phno, £4.95 

History is seldom tidy. Even 
its more obvious patterns 
usually prove fragmented, yet 
the instinctive temptation to 
form schematic views- will 
always be with us. For a 
subject as politically 
as the Spanish Civfl War 
is doubly true. 

When this thesis is extended 
beyond the spring of 1937, 
several seams come under 
strain and the odd button 

begins to pop. For example 
Preston’s view — “it is diffi- 

Partly reflecting the old 
rivalries; three general tenden- 
cies can be identified amongst 
writers favourable to the Re- 
publican side: those basically 
loyal to the Communist ver- 
sion; then, what one might call 
the “social democrat school”; 
and finally a disparate band of 
liberal or left libertarians. All 
are represented in this finny 
of books for the war’s fiftieth 

Walter Gregory's account of 
life as a young Communist 
among the unemployed and in 
the International Brigades re- 
veals little new. A worthy, 
humane book, it is written 
with a strong working-class 
sense of fair play, yet gives 
only, half the story, dearly, be 
does not want to rock the boat 
with criticism of former com- 
manders or reference to the 
background of Stalinist witch- 

The Spanish Cockpit by the 
Austrian sociologist Franz 
Boricenau is a sympathetic yet 
honest study of the social 
revolution, ft is one of the 
very few works from the 
period to become a classic. 
Orwell hailed it as “the best 
book yet written on the Span- 
ish Civil War” lb- a review 
refused by the New Statesman. 

The “social demoeratf cate- 
gory is the most ' strongly 
represented with; contribu- 
tions by Professors Car and 
Preston. Raymond Carr’s in- 
troductory prfrisfor Images 
Of the Spanish Civil War, a 
good collection of photo- 
graphs and posters, is written 
with admirable darby. Paul 
Preston's short illustrated his- 
tory, The Spanish Civil War , 
seems however, to have pre- 

cult to ; deny the military 
achievements of the 
Communists" — cannot be 
maintained into that disas- 
trous sequence of offensives, 
which eventually destroyed 
the Republic’s capacity of 
resist. He describes the 
Brunete operation as “well- 
planned'’ although it massed 
eight divisions with no experi- 
ence of manoeuvre on a 
scorched plain; a perfect target 
for the Condor Legion, which 
in two days destroyed three- 
quarters of their armour. Wal- 
ter Gregory does not record 
the reaction of the British 
battalion's 42 survivors (out 
of 600) when Brigade Com- 
missars claimed it as a victory. 

In a previous work Ray- 
mond Carr defined the prob- 
lem succinctly: “The Popular 
Army, valliaat in defence, had 
developed no capacity for a 
sustained offensive even when 
it enjoyed a crushing local 
superiority." Predictably, the 
Ebro operation of July 1 93$, 
the Reub lie's greatest offen- 
sive, turned into its greatest 
disaster, virtually a serf-inflict- 
ed coup de grace. 

front, yet 



leading atony book pnbWia seeks mart 
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At first the idea was to take 
off the Valencian 
int, yet a fortnight before the 
attack, the Nationalists had 
been fought to a stand-still in 
what was the Republic's most 
cost-effective battle of the war. 
(One cannot help wondering 
whether the absence of Com- 
munist' commanders had 
some effect on the way so little 
was heard of it). Preston, 
however, thinks the National- 
ists continued to advance, and 
that “by 23rd July Valencia 
was under threat”. This is 
difficult to imagine since they 
would have had to have 
breached the line, and because 
the Nationalists had already 
transferred formations for 
Queipo de Llano's offensive 
on July 19th in the south; 

Although Valencia was out 
of danger, the plan still went 
ahead. Negrin wanted a spec- 
tacular success to force Franco 
to negotiate. His generals 
imagined they could retake 
the corridor between the two 
Republican zones. It was Wal- 
ter Gregory and his comrades, 
Spaniard and foreigner alike, 
who paid for such self- 

Make sure of your copy of 


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sented a problem. The 
amoimt he manages to cram 
m is impressive, but that does 
not make it easy to read. 

Their analysis of the 
Republic's situation could be 
summarized as follows. The 
governmental collapse of July 
1936 necessitated tough mea- 
sures to restore order and 
provide an effective defence 
against the rebel advance. 
Only the -Communists could 
obtain military aid from Rus- 
sia, and only they possessed 
the professionalism and disci- 
pline to organize an army and 
suppress the social revolution, 
which alienatwl the miiMli* 
classes and foreign 

Dissident Afrikaner voice 

Peter Ackroyd 
reviews the 
prison writing 
of a defector 
from the tribe 

By Breyten Breytenbach 
Faber, £1250 

T his book has come at 
the right time. Now 
that the miasma of 
outrage and rhetoric 
obscures South Africa, who 
better to penetrate it than a 
white Afrikanei? Especially an 
Afrikaner who realizes that, 
like the Chateau de Oullon or 
the Black Hole of Calcutta, 
South Africa has become both 
“symbol" and “reality": 
“These two truths are inti- 
mately linked. .and both can 
operate simultaneously." But 
Breyten Breytenbach is no 
ordinary Afrikaner: he is a 
poet and painter, who lived in 
France for many years; when 
be returned to his native 
country in 1975 he was arrest- 
ed on various charges, includ- 
ing that of “terrorism”. He 
was imprisoned for seven 
years, some of them in solitary 
confinement On his release 
be returned to Paris, where he 
lives now. 

It is not surprising, then, 
that End Papas should be a 
political bode. It is essentially 
a collection of essays ana 
lectures, most of them polemi- 
cal or analytical in intent The 
general theme can be sum mar 
□zed thus: the while govern- 
ment of South Africa is 
determined to retain power. 

and it will do so through a 


itent combination 

eaty answer would be along 
exilic lines: that by leaving his 
country, be has left the best 
part of 

be has left 
himself. Certainly he 
how seems to be intransigent- 
ly opposed to his inheritance: 
“I don’t consider myself in 
Afrikaner." he writes, “am not 
particularly sure whether I’m 
South African.” But the evi- 
dence of his two previous 
books, A Season in Paradise 
and The True Confessions of 
an Albino Terrorist, suggests 
that despite his exile he has 
remained an inventive and 
effective writer. 

No, the problem with End 

Papers has less to do with his 
rejection of Afrikaner identity 
than the feet that he has 
remained so dose to it: it has 
often been said that the rebel- 
lious son is most like the 
father, and Breyten tech’s rev- 
olutionary fervour sounds 
very much like the illiberalism 
of the conventional Afrikaner 
dressed up in another guise. 

Breytenbach suspects that the 
country is rapkfly turning into 
an autocracy on familiar 
Third World principles; and 
he also believes that there is a 
general strategy at work which 
is “a military one, with clear 
goals and a timetable." 

Concessions may be made 
in the apparent dismantling of 
apartheid, but these mil be 
merely camouflage; and, if 
South Africa represents West- 
ern culture or Western inter- 
ests, it is only in the act of 
betraying them: “It is the 
cutting edgeof new realpolitik, 
expressed in the callousness to 
hunger and poverty and 
death ” The real point is that 
the Afrikaners are unfit to 
rale: “They cannot know the 
Africans. Not even them- 
selves. How can the master 
ever understand the slave? 
Control and repression are not 
tools of perception.” 

This is well expressed. But it 

is no disparagement of his role 
as a radical Afrikaner to note 
that these attitudes are now 
commonplace: most of the 
essays in this collection could 
have been written by someone 
who had never visited, let 
alone inhabited, the country 
in question. The fact is that 
few of Breytenbach ’s argu- 
ments seem animated by his 
individual perceptions or by 
bis unique experience; with 
the usual proportion of windy 
generalization and neo-Marx- 
ist rhetoric, they could have 
been composed by any other 
radical of similar views. When 
he asserts that “Apartheid 
destroys culture", he may be 
correct; but one wants to know 
why or how. Certainly 
Breytenbach ought to know, 
but instead he presents a few 
truisms about state censor- 
ship, which are succeeded, in 
another essay, by such phrases 
as “culture is interaction". 

and culture “will have to be 
revolutionary mid socialist." 
This is O level stuff. There 
seems to be no personal life 
working in the prose here. 

It could be argued that this 
is inevitable: that, by their 
nature, theoretical essays are 
bound to be of an abstract and 
impersonal kind. But contem- 
porary writers as disparate as 
Baldwin, Solzhenitsyn, and 
Eliot have written social or 
political commentaries in 
which the single most impor- 
tant element has been the 
stylistic imperative of their 
own obsessions. Their pecu- 
liarities are precisely what 
make them significant, not 
some putative common 
ground on which all right- 
thinking people can stand. 
The common ground is for 
common writers. 

And so how is one to 
account for the relative failure 
of Breyten bach’s prose? The 

I n bis attacks upon West- 
ern liberalism and the 
Western inteUectual tra- 
dition, for example, be 
seems uncannily to have an- 
ticipated Pik Botha’s recent 
speech about the “sickness" of 
the West There is even a 
streak of viciousness (he talks 
of one Observer journalist's 
“maggoty column") which 
may also be characteristic. 
The point is that the Afrika- 
ners have a distinctive tem- 
perament — impassioned and 
sometimes distraught — 
which informs Breyten bach’s 
prose no less than it affects the 
attitudes of the South African 
government He is a fully 
paid-up member of the tribe 
even as he denounces it I 
suspect that Breytenbach rec- 
ognizes this uncomfortable 
feet which is why his words 
here are often so strident and 

Of course illiberalism and 
even viciousness can be im- 
portant sources of a writer’s 
strength; and Breytenbach is 
at his best when he is being 
most polemical: “Murder in 
the name of survival and 
murder in the name of the 
right to exist In the land 
where torturers get promotion 
and the men of God pray 
down hate from the pulpit", 
and so on... this sounds tike the 
authentic Afrikaner voice, 
from the pulpit or elsewhere. 
Nevertheless even these im- 
passioned sentences represent 
a waste of Breyten bach’s con- 
siderable gifts: he says at one 
point that the peculiar ambi- 
guities of South Africa render 
it a fertile soil for Literature. 
That is precisely why he 
should leave polemic and 
propaganda (whether it is 
“right" or “wrong” does not 
really matter) to those who are 
incapable of writing anything 

Classic shock tactics on stage 

Tony Harrison is the gangster 
of modem English poetry. His 
energy, his legerdemain, his 
brutality — all these odd qual- 
ities can be found demonstrat- 
ed in the pages of bis 
substantial Dramatic Verse 
1973-1985 (Bloodaxe Books, 
£20). They are odd, of course, 
only in terms of contemporary 
taste. Compare Harrison with 
Villon or Brecht and he begins 
to lode less strange. 


Robert Nye 

A woman sits in the electric 


Bke waiting for the drier to 
dry her hair 
in the beauty parlour. 

Soon the State Official will 

come and pull 

ana energy will fiU 

the switch 
her skull 
like the violins of Mahler 

I quote this, from the start of 
bis “Medea: a Sex-War 
Opera" because it gives a 
good idea of the rough and 
shocking nature of Harrison's 
gifts. Only a true poetic sub- 
versive. I submit, would want 
to compare Mahler's music to 
death by electrocution, but 

once encountered the thought 
can never be forgotten. Simi- 
lar intellectual stuck tactics 
distinguish and sometimes 
disfigure the principal things 
in the book — those versions 
of Moliere, Racine, and Aes- 
chylus that have been so 

Harrison may well be a 
major dramatic poet in die 
making. He is certainly a most 
accomplished transformer of 
classic works for the modem 
stage, and while these texts 
vary in felicity, they all have a 
verve and a nerve and a robust 
mix of wonder and disillusion 
and pity, contained by solid 
craftsmanship, which make 
that comparison with Brecht 
and Villon not ridiculous. 

Fiona Pitt-Kethley's Sky 
Ray Lolly (Chatto & Wind us. 
£3.95) marks the debut of 
another committed enfant ter- 
rible, one presently making 

somewhat too much of a song 
and dance about being filthy- 
minded and female. The title 
poem, for example, about the 
poet as a toddler employing an 
ice lolly to strut on the 
seafront mocking an old man, 
strikes me as mildly amusing, 
and then modestly moving in 
its attempt to draw a fete 
feminist moral from . the 


The world still sees me as a 
nasty kid 

usurping maleness. A foul 
brat to be 

smacked down by figures of 

AU things most natural in 
men, in me 

are vice — having no urge to 
cook or clean, 

lacking maternal instincts. 

The fourth and the beginning 
of the fifth line quoted have 
real power and honour; but for 
the rest, while one sympa- 
thizes, one must still suspect 
that Pitt-Kelh ley's blend of 
comedy and anger is ultimate- 
ly banal. 

in the 


Michael Grosvenor 

Edited by Roy Palmer 

Oxford. £9.95 


But John Leyden's past 
conceals a deadly secret 



! ' • V- .-. . \>’< , ■ 




Sea songs have always been 
one of the most vigorous 
branches of British folklore, 
as befits a maritime nation. 
They represent and reflect the 
proper pride of the people in 
fighting and merchant fleets, 
with equally proper criticism 
of their conditions. 

The tribulations of the 
pressed man and the qualms of 
the greenhorn “Ready to bring 
up guts and garbage" give 
place to the veteran's pride in 
victory or his bitter memories 
of defeat and shipwreck. Par- 
ticularly memorable are the 
songs involving survival by 

We begin with the Hundred 
Years War and come up to the 
1970s recession in the fishing 
fleets. Oral tradition, broad- 
side, and some composed 
songs show all aspects of naval 
history and naval life. We see 
as mnch of Jack ashore as 
afloat, at leisure as at work. 
There are rather few shanties. 
(A shanty is a merchant 
sailor's rhythmic ^ arksong 
devoted to a particular ship- 
board task; no other kind of 
song is properly so-called; 
shanty si nging was never per- 
mitted in the Royal Navy.) 

Mr Palmer has gone far in 
search of material. Seven- 
teenth-Century seamen’s 
wives defend themselves 
a g ainst journalistic attacks on 

their morals. “A foil descrip- 
tion of the manner of the 
taking of Whales" foil of 
technical details, has a fine 
bouncy tone. 

Tones have been supplied 
“where known". In quite a few 
cases, though, tunes have been 
collated firms other, often lat- 
er, versions. In some like “The 
Dolphin's Return" the connec- 
tion between text and tune 
seems tenooiB. In others, one 
knows that versions of the 
times are available, but none is 

Modem morality 
in verse ’n worse 

Northern California seems at 
first an unlikely spot to inspire 
an heroic endeavour in te- 
trameters over thirteen can- 
tos. Yet, on further thought, 
this archaic medium does 
rather well in supplying a 
witty veneer to the aggressive 
eccentricity that lies at the true 
heart of San Francisco. In 
other words, it contains the 

In The Golden Gate, 
Vikram Seth has written a 
long and enjoyable narrative 
in verse, which chronicles the 
love lives of a group of friends 
in and around San Francisco. 
It is also a morality tale in 
which a young man with 
“yuppie" ambitions (Young 
Upwardly-Mobile Profession- 
al) dares to flout the laid-back 
liberal conventions of his 
contemporaries. He is 
shocked by homosexuality; he 
is not for nuclear disarma- 
ment; be couldn't care less 
about whales; and he almost 
comes to a very sticky end. 

The author is clearly partial. 
Yuppie John is an unpleasant 
character with a short temper 
and no imagination. His one- 
time friend, Phil, anti-nuclear 
protester and drop-out. is 
much more human and has all 
the best lines. The whole book 
is rich in humour, however, 
and John gets some rare 
sympathy when describing his 
lovely girt friend to Phil (with 
whom she is about to run 


Gillian Greenwood 


By Vikrain Seth 

Faber. £9.95 

By Rosamond Ridley 
Piaikus. £9.95 
By Jenny Joseph 
Bloodaxe. £12.95 

“...her cerebellum's shot to 

/ never thought I'd have a 

Who whispered like a god- 
damned doomie!" 
“A doomie f" “You kitow- 
someone who 
Thinks all Jane Fonda says 
is true." 

The author acknowledges 
his inspiration as Pushkin's 
Eugene Onegin- The book is 
an ambitious exercise and 
impressively well-executed. It 
is also a great pleasure to read- 
impassioned in its light-hand- 
ed support for the anti-nuclear 
lobby and touching in its plea 
for tolerance in Reagan's new 
society, it is an eccentric and 
charming song of the 1980s. 

The social realism of The 
Widow Bird is more redolent 
of the 1960s (as is that truly 
awful title). The jacket blurb 
itself calls attention to the 
novel’s affinity with the early 

Margaret Drabble. This is a 

ident first novel, howev- 
er, which sets out to describe a 
woman rebuilding her life 
after the sudden death of her 
faithless and unloving 

The early details of the book 
are very well managed, The 
funeral with the assembled 
family immediately suggests 
the perspective of one who is 
not truly involved in the grief 
and ritual of the occasion. 
Gare, the widow, a lecturer at 
a small university, is playing 
the role assigned to her. And 
yet she is a widow in practice, 
in finance, a one-parent fam- 
ily. Her struggle to keep the 
truth about their marriage 
uppermost, resisting social 
pressure to grieve for some- 
thing false, is the most suc- 
cessful aspect of the novel. 

Everyday events build slow- 
ly to a reassembly of existence, 
illuminating the basic compo- 
nents of domestic life. There 
is, however, an overload of 
melodrama that works less 
well. One event involves her 
daughter's meningitis. The 
harrowing detail oi he child’s 
condition and the mother's 
anguish is finely observed; but 
its effect and intention are lost 

in a muddled and unconvinc- 
ing attempt at a Greene-esque 
sub-plot involving faith, forni- 
cation, and the Catholic 

The widow rather domi- 
nates everyone else in the 
novel, except for a delightful 
portrait of her son Daniel, and 
a likeable colleague, Chrissie, 
fat and fecund, whose amoral- 
ity almost balances the book's 
woolly theology. The Widow 
Bird is never more than the 
sum of its parts, but 
Rosamond Ridley has written 
a realistic romance for the 
most part, with a few excellent 

Grief and loss are the 
subject of the first third of 
Jenny Joseph's Persephone, an 
experimental combination of 
prose and poetry, which uses 
the myth of Persephone and 
Demeter to look at the 
rhythms of life for today's 

The poetry, which threads 
the myth's narrative through 
the book, has an austere 
beauty and a command of 
language that is absent from 
much of the prose. The book is 
in three sections, which take 
the reader through the yearly 
cycle from autumn to follow- 
ing autumn, and through 
death, birth, and rebirth on. 
different actual and psycho- 
logical levels. 

The prose pieces, which 
have no real narrative connec- ' 
tion, are often monologues or 
confused dialogues, with few 
clues given to character. The 
author explains in an after- 
word that in her (well regard-" 
ed) poetry she has often used • 
voices to allow characters to ' 
tell her stories. Within that 
discipline she is quite success- 
ful, but in the looser frame- 
work of prose conversation, - 
where character is best delin- ! 
eared by differing speech 
rhythms, she often fells into- 
parody. It is true that there is ’ 
some deliberate parody in tbe l 
book - a letter to an agony 
aunt, a photo strip in the style - 
of a teen magazine — but her 
characters, who are usually; 
unanalyiical and direct in ■ 
their nature, too often sound 
like the butt of some snobbish 

This is an effect so very for 
from the author’s intention 
that one can only conclude 
that this attempt to infuse 
myth with modernity has gone 
badly awry. 






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The British holiday trade to South 
Africa has been badly hit by the 
conflict there. Bookings for May 
and June arc down by about 75 per 
cent compared with the same 
period Iasi vear, and all the signs 
are that they will stay that way for 

the rest of the summer. Lunn Poly, 
which records the biggest drop in 
demand, tells me the package 
holiday market has almost totally 
dried up, and Speedbird Holidays, 
a British Airways subsidiary, de- 
scribes the situation as “dismal”. 
Hogg Robinson Travel reports a 
fall of between"3Q and 40 per cent 
for June, More than 120,000 
Britons visited the country last 
year, so even though it is'now the 
off-season there is great concern. 
Bill Archer, Speedbird’s general 
manager, says: “There may be no 
business at all in three or four 
month’s time.” . 


One group of politicians conspicu- 
ous by its absence from the current 
round of visits to South Africa is 
the House of Commons Foreign 
Affairs Com mi tie. Its seven 
staunch Tory backbenchers are 
resisting all attempts by the four 
Labour members to see for them- 
selves bow President Botha’s poli- 
cies have affected South Africa’s 
neighbours — Namibia. Zambia, 
Botswana. Angola, Zimbabwe, 
Lesotho and Swaziland. The To- 
ries are citing lack of time and 
money, plus prior engagements, as 
their reason for unavailability. I 
am not entirely convinced; a more 
likely explanation could be the 
potential embarrassment to Mrs 
Thatcher of an all-party report 
drawing hostile conclusions about 
the Botha regime. 

• BR is laying on a “vintage 
electric train service” to take 
visitors to an Edwardian fair at 
Gravesend, Kent, on Sunday. So, 
asks a commuter, what’s new? 


Homosexual sex education could 
soon be taught in the London 
borough of Haringey if its Lesbian 
and Gay Unit gets its way. The 
unit has written to school and' 
college heads telling them that it is 
now council policy in education 
“to promote positive images of 
lesbians and gays”. The letter says 
the council is to establish a fund to 
help all establishments “from 
nursery through to further ed- 
ucation” to develop the relevant 
. curriculum. The unit wants to 
meet heads “to offer help and 
advice about how this new policy 
might begin to be implemented”. 
Tory councillor Peter Murphy 
says: “It’s absolutely frightening - 
an outright Marxist attack on the 
family and the norms in society.” 




• * 

t » 









i r. 





t - 

*1 hear the latest idea is to equip 
warheads with radioactive lamb' 

Wasted words 

The university of Bar I Ian, near 
Tel Aviv, is guilty of an Israeli 
version of sending coals to New- 
castle. The college has been 
canvassing by post fora two-week 
course in basic English, designed 
lo enable Israelis to master the 
front page, at least, of the Jeru- 
salem Post. One of the first letters 
sent out arrived at the home of 
Abba Eban, the distinguished 
politician, academic and author of 
a number of eloquent books and 
articles in English, French, He- 
brew and Arabic. 

Struck off 

IB winds at General Practitioner 
magazine. First prize for readers 
in a recent promotional com- 

— petition was two tickets for the 
Benson and Hedges Cup Final at 
Lord’s. Protests immediately 
Wafted in to the British Medical 

* Association, which is solidly 
7 . against smoking. “We don’t think 

tobacco companies should be able 

* lo buy respectability by being 
S_. linked to healthy activities like 
^ Sport,” it says. GP \ s editor Jerry 
i, Cowhig blames “an oversight” 

and promises that there will be no 
association with tobacco sponsor' 
L -ship to future. 

Howe now? 

You probably know the irreverent 
renderings for the acronyms of the 
diplomatic honours system. 

— CMG, KCMG and GCMG be- 

— ’ come, respectively. Call Me God, 

Kindly GtiJ Me God and God 
Calls Me God. Sir Anthony 
, ,• : Adand, the outgoing head-of the 
diplomatic service and ambas- 
r sador-designate to Washington. 
>:■ who has just received the top 
honour, has been repeating the 
latest, and most exalted variant at 
diplomatic receptions: Geoffrey 
Calls Me God. 


President Reagan's senior officials 
— often divided on US policy 
towards Europe — were particu- 
larly divided over their allies* role 
in the Strategic Defence Initiative. 
Some recognized there would be 
important political gains for the 
administration if Mrs Thatcher 
could be persuaded to endorse it 
but did not see why such endorse, 
meat should be paid for. 

Others believed that American 
security would be enhanced by 
scientific and political co-opera- 
tion between the US and its allies, 
especially Britain. If this involved 
the transfer of important and 
sensitive technology to a potential 
commercial competitor, so be it 
Competition, in the eyes of these 
officials, never did anyone any 

Some, of course, opposed SDI 
altogether, and tried to obstruct all 
cooperation. The announcement 
on Monday that Britain has been 
awarded two important SDI re- 
search contracts is a success under 
difficult conditions. 

Despite the strong personal and 
political links that exist between 
President Reagan and Mrs 
Thatcher it has for a long time 
been hard to turn their relation- 
ship to Britain's commercial 
advantage. The purchase of Tri- 
dent and the embarrassment over 
Ptarmigan, the British bid for the 
American battlefield radio con- 
tract, are classic recent cases. 
Trident is too expensive, say 
British critics. Why didn't the 
Americans buy Ptarmigan?, they 

As it happens, the feult lies with 
Britain in both cases. British 
negotiators, many of whom were 

Star Wars: 
hands across 
the void 

by David Hart 

conditioned by the Foreign Office 
ethos to be suspicious of dose 
personal relations between their 
political masters, foiled to take 
account of the complexity of the 
Washington terrain. 

US defence analysis believe that 
if the British had negotiated more 
skilfully when Trident was bought, 
they could have got a much better 
deal. They also point out that 
when the dollar was high, the 
pound low and General Dynamics 
was in trouble over contracts with 
the Pentagon, Britain should have 
tried to renegotiate. Haiti to 
prove, but both these contentions 
ring true. 

The American battlefield radio 
contract presents a much dearer 
case. Mrs Thatcher was persuaded 
by her officials to write a personal 
letter to President Reagan urging 
him to accept the British bid. 
Those who persuaded her of this 
should have lmown how weak and 
hopeless a case she had. The 
British system was vastly more 
expensive than the French and 

was largely untried while die 
French was partly is service. 
Above all, the American system of 
arms purchase, overseen, as it is by 
Congress, simply does not give the 
President the option to bully the 
Pentagon into accepting a politi- 
cally attractive but wildly un- 
competitive offer. 

Critics of SDI, both hoe and in 
America, will say that these con- 
tracts have taken an inordinate 
time coming and that they are 
mere tokens, given as an act of 
political assistance to a friend in 
need. Administration o fficials dis- 
agree. They say that it is because 
both America and Britain want a 
la-sting and fruitful relationship 
over SDI that it has taken some 
months to ne g o tiate agreements 
that are certain to produce 
satisfactory results and 

likely to create a sympathetic 
atmosphere for subsequent nego- 

Previous co-operation on de- 
fence matters and present in- 
formation convinces them that 

Britain has excellent research 
facilities and personnel and that 
there are several areas where 
Bri tain has an important contribu- 
tion to make.. In some Britain 
leads America. 

It is a pity that at the signing in 
Washington George Younger 
- emphasized that, while Britain 
supported research on SDI, 
deployment would have to be 
negotiated with die Soviet Union. 
No doubt he was speaking to his 
domestic audience. As with his 
urgf pg rhg administra tion to think 
. .again over its derision to abandon 
the Salt II limits, he- showed r“ ! “ 
bow little ministers and 
officials understand the Ameri- 
cans. If SDI research is successful 
it is simply naive for anyone to 
believe that any American admin- 
istration would be so irresponsible 
as not to deploy it in the absence 
of fruhy f-fl pri 3 * and fygting arms 
control agreements. 

These contracts go some way 
towards answering British critics 
of Mrs Thatcher who claim that 
her relationship with Reagan is a 
one-way street that runs the wrong 
way. It is likely that there will be 
more substantial contracts soon. 
Indeed, the Ministry of Defence 
announcement specifically re- 
ferred to other British prop o sals 
on which negotiations are well 

If Britain does secure further 
SDI contracts. Mis Thatcher’s 
determination to recreate the spe- 
cial relationship and use it to 
enhance British influence over the 
Americans could writ bring her 
substantial domestic political 


Ronald Butt 

Trade unionism throughout west- 
ern Europe is going through its 
worst phase since the early 1960s. 
Manual labour, its heartland, has 
sharply declined and is likely to 
decline further, particularly in 
steel, coal mining and metal- 
working. During the 1970s unions 
in most countries recruited many 
white-collar and professional 
workers, including a growing 
proportion of women. But that 
was during a period of successful 
wage bargaining and increasing 
government recognition of the 
unions’ role. White-collar union- 
ization is unlikely to maintain the 
same pace during a prolonged 
recession and, in many countries, 
a hostile political climate. 

The growing number of pro- 
fessional and white-collar union 
members has serious implications 
far beyond trades union move- 
ments themselves. In most coun- 
tries man ufacturing industry — 
especially metal work — is the 
main export sector. When unions 
of this type were dominant they 
imparted a general awareness of 
the vulnerabilities of the national 

Since the 1970s this has changed 
almost everywhere except West 
Germany. The increasingly domi- 
nant white-collar and public-ser- 
vice unions are able to press their 
membeis* interests with little re- 
gard for national economic needs. 
In addition, the public service 
unions put pressure on govern- 
ments for higher state spending, 
leading to greater government 
intervention in wage bargaining. 

Labour forces are also likely to 
become increasingly segmented. 
On the one hand those in jobs will 
try to protect the gains in security 
and conditions made during the 
1970s, and employers will want to 
win the long-term commitment of 
skilled workers. On the other 
hand, employers will seek increas- 
ing flexibility to survive in the 
more precarious economic en- 
vironment; that means a more 
easily disposable work force. The 
consequence will be increasing 
divisions between those with 
reasonably secure, full-time and 
legally protected jobs and those in 
temporary, often part-time, un- 
protected jobs. 

The protected sector will shrink 
relative to the insecure as employ- 
ers seek ever greater flexibility and 
unions find it difficult to organize 
the part-timers and temporaries. 
This could mean dedining levels 
of unionization and greater diffi- 
culty in protecting the security of 
the primary work force as its unit 
costs continue to increase in 
relation to those of the secondary. 
This would undermine the unions’ 
claim to represent the under- 
privileged, who might lapse even 
more into political apathy and so 
weaken the labour movement 

In nearly all European coun- 
tries, governments responded to 
the inflation of the early 1970s by 
trying to strengthen the union and 

.Colin Crouch offers a blueprint for survival 
to an increasingly white-collar movement 

How unions 
can regain 
their muscle 

employer federations in an at- 
tempt to restore discipline to the 
labour market But managerial 
strategy has since shifted to action 
at the company level, often explic- 
itly weakening national or in- 
dustry-level activity. This has 
happened even in Scandinavia, 
where highly centralized systems, 
introduced originally at the behest 
of employers and long regarded as 
sources of stability, nave recently 
been attacked by industrialists as 
excessively constraining. 

One factor for this abandon- 
ment of national and/or sectoral 
negotiations is the growth of shop- 
floor power. Individual manage- 
ments are now seeking to regain 
the initiative with their own 
policies. The American style of 
management, sometimes em- 
bodying diluted Japanese prac- 
tices, has become more common. 
It is an informal, friendly ap- 
proach which gives workers a say 
in low-level policy. These de- 

velopments remove the status 
barriers that were so important in 
forming the unions* identity and 
may help to resolve grievances 
that would otherwise be tackled by 
union representatives. 

All these changes leave loop- 
holes that unions can exploit to 
maintain their position, but they 
need flexibility if they are to take 
advantage of them. For example, 
temporary and part-time workers 
include discontented groups 
whom one might regard as natural 
union members — ethnic minor- 
ities, women in unfavourable 
working conditions, young people 
trapped in low-paid jobs by eco- 
nomic circumstances. But to enlist 
them, the unions must adapt to 
the new flexibility of the labour 
market rather dan continue to 
insist on universal standard terms. 
They must also find ways to 
reconcile the interests of such 
groups with those of existing 
members. Recent campaigns for a 

reduction in working hours are an 

Can unions buBd on this by 
making themselves useful to 
workers involved in the new 
company-level channels of part- 
icipation? Their likely response is 
that such channels foil to provide 
workers with real power, but 
workers themselves may find the 
personal level of involvement 
useful and in some respects pref- 
erable to the more bureaucratic 
form of standard union re- 
presentation. Rather than outright 
opposition, the unions should 
provide services enabling workers 
to make the best use of company 

In West Germany, unions have 
learned how to strengthen their 
position by working through 
works councils rather than fight- 
ing them. In Britain, the 
electricians’ and engineering 
workers’ unions have readied 
agreem e n t s with individual high- 
tech companies, especially of 
Japanese ownership. They have 
been criticized for this by other 
unions, but at the very least they 
have been able to ensure a union 

- presence in firms that might 
; otherwise have pursued. an Ameri- 
can no-union policy. 

A union that developed in these 
various ways would need to 
become decentralized. By sodoing 
it would also remain closer to its 
members. But a labour movement 
that becomes completely decen- 
tralized- loses the capacity for 

- strategic and political aclion-Ifthe 
unions are to withstand the new 
employer offensive, they wall need 
friendly governments that wifl 
guarantee rights of union member- 
ship and recognition and outlaw 
employer tactics for keeping 
unions ouL 

Further, the past decade has 
demonstrated the vulnerability to 
inflation of a folly employed, 
highly organized economy. But 
workers need an economy of that 
kind if they are to have any 
countervailing power against em- 
ployers. It is this dependence of 
labour on an inflation-prone econ- 
omy that has given conservative 
parties their great opportunity 
during the 1980s, Social dem- 
ocracy’s answer is self-restraint by 
the unions; that can be provided 
only by a politically oriented 
union movement with some cen- 
tralized power. 

Unions that respond success- 
fully to these challenges will look 
very different from nearly all 
existing models of trade unionism, 
but they will not resemble the 
(^politicized groups envisaged by 
their critics. In those countries 
with a strong legacy of govem- 
ment-empl oyer-union co-opera- 
tion, union dilemmas will be 
eased. In the others they face a 
difficult future. 

© Ttaws Nnnpapan, 1986. 

The author is a fellow of Trinity 
College, Oxford, An extended ver- 
sion of this article appeared in Hie 
Political Quarterly. 

Once again, the Chinese Com- 
munist Party is encouraging the 
country’s intellectuals to speak up, 
argue and disagree: “To let a 
hundred flowers bloom and a 
hundred schools of thought 
contend,” as Mao put it in 1956. 
But this time intellectuals will 
examine the offer with care, not to 
say fear. 

If China is to reach Deng 
Xiaoping's goal of full moderniza- 
tion within 75 years the party 
needs the co-operation of intellec- 
tuals. But they have suffered in too 
many inquisitions. 

Hardly a day has passed since 
the 30th anniversary of the Hun- 
dred Flowers without the Com- 
munist Party newspaper, the 
People’s Daify, or an academic 
association proclaiming that it 
must be reaffirmed. Two weeks 
ago the People’s Daily asked what 
went wrong after 1956: “the price 
we paid was huge and appalling.” 
The party knows what went 
wrong. Surprised by the vigour of 
the criticism — called forth by 
Mao Tse-tung’s invitation to criti- 
cize even the party itself— Mao 
declared at least 300,000 of the 
intellectuals to be “bourgeois 
rightists” and lumped them in 
with 30 million others as class 
enemies. The last of them were 
rehabilitated only in the last two 
or three years. 

Politburo member Hu Quli 
recently denounced such persecu- 
tion. but in the same week a 
Shanghai economic journal said 
that even during the last seven 
years academic democracy bad 

Flowers reluctant 
to bloom afresh 

been neglected, and that only 
specific legislation would end 
persecution and anti-intellectual 
campaigns which prohibited en- 
tire areas of inquiry. 

But tiie post-Mao leadership is 
not wholly repentant- A party 
resolution published in 1981 
blamed what it called a handful of 
bourgeois rightists who, after the 
proclamation of the 100 Flowers, 
advocated “speaking out and air- 
ing views in a big way” in order to 
mount a wild attack against the 
party. The party, it said, was 
entirely correct to counter-attack. 

The principal author of the 1981 
resolution was Deng Xiaoping, 
who is now calling on intellectuals 
for co-operation. But in 1957, 
when he was party general sec- 
retary under Mao, Deng told the 
central committee: “The majority 
of the rightists have been made to 
bow before the masses and admit 
their crimes . . . There must be a 
portion of the rightists who will 
not repent and they must bring 
their reactionary viewpoints with 
them to their graves." 

In 1949 China's intellectuals 
had cautiously . welcomed the 
Communist victory. But seven 
years later writers, scientists and 
teachers were suffering from a 
series of campaigns so draconian 

that during the brief thaw a 
professor wrote boldly to Mao: 
“We have applied to intellectuals 
methods of punishment which 
peasants would not apply to 
landlords and workers would not 
apply to capitalists." 

Early in 1956. in an attempt to 
restore their confidence, Chou En- 
ter declared that many intellec- 
tu a l s had now entered the working 
class, and that even when mis- 
taken they should uo longer be 
treated as counter-revolutionaries. 
In April of thaz year, to a dosed 
conference, Mao issued his call for 
“blooming and contending." De- 
signed to impress intellectuals by 
alluding to a period of classic 
debate in the 4th century BC, 
Mao's remarks were given their 
first public interpretation in late 
May by a politburo member. 

But there was little response 
from the suspicious intelligentsia 
until news began trickling into 
China of Khrushchev’s denunci- 
ation of Stalin, and of the Hungar- 
ian uprising. By early 1957, Mao 
was pressing intellectuals to criti- 
cize even the leadership — but “as 
gently as a breeze or as mild as 
rain." Emboldened academics be- 
gan to demand what right the 
party, and even Mao himself had 
to dictate the nature of their work. 

University students too turned 
but to have strong views on 
academic freedom. 

Some of Mao's dosest allies 
were shocked "by the avalanche of 
critidsm, and alarmed by the 
prospect of student unrest Presi- 
dent Uu Shaoqi, who was killed 
on Mao's order during the Cut- 
tural Revolution, declared that “a 
party split is more damaging than 
a defeat to the revolution." Obedi- 
ence to the Party was now 
considered more important than 
intellectual contributions to mod- 
ernization. The Hundred Bowers 
had been reduced to those ap- 
proved by the party, and those 
which were to be regarded as 
“poisonous weeds.” 

Recently Lu Dingyi, the 80- 
year-old former minister of cul- 
ture, called for another Hundred 
Flowers. In May 1956. then an 
alternate member of the . Polit- 
buro, he provided the original 
public explanation that “blooming 
and contending” applied to writ- 
ers and scientists. But in July 
1957, with the leadership on the 
defensive, it was Lu Dingyi who 
condemned the party’s ditits as 
“anti -socialist elements, attempt- 
ing to seize leadership among the 
educated journalists, and. sci- 
entists. and to provoke student 
disturbances.” Small wonder that, 
today some, , of the survivors 
remember the Hundred Flowers 
as merely “a stratagem to luretbe 
snakes out of their caves.” 

Jonathan Mirsky 

When international anxieties are 
fnn^ Hfwl on a prospect of turmoil 
and much bloo d s he d, ef forts are 
usually made by politicians and ui 
media comment to explore the 
historical realities uitfknymgeach 
side of the question in search m a 
workable solution. The case of the 
South African whites is a angular 

A moral criterion has been 
pgmhiiichrd by which apartheid is 
so iTH »eh a unique arid peculiar 
evfl foal nobody of goodwill 
should any possible relevance 
m contemplating the historical 
HiWnma which underlies ft. South 
Africa is presented as melodrama. 

The villains determined to mam- 
tain their racial supremacy are 
confronted by heroes struggling 
for freedom and with demands 
behind which the world must 
nn q uestiohinri y rally. 

In the cry for sanctions, a quite 
exceptional moral bandwagon is 
rolling, aboard which all decent 
people are expected to scramble. 
No dictatorship, however murder- 
ous or vile; has attracted nidi 
demands for hostile intervention. 
Moral fashion requires the argu- 
ment to be simply about the 
imm ediate effects and effective- 
ness of sanctions;, iiot about what 
a hamate outcome of the crisis 
make s sense in South Africa. 
Discussion of the fundamentals 
goesby default All that is morally 
in order is p re s s ure to force the 
whites to come to' terms with the 
demands of the African National 
Congress for one man one vote in 
a unitary state. 

Every other concession in dis- 
mantling the ap p ara tus of social 
apartheid is dismissed (even by 
Bishop Tutu) as too littfe too lato 
and as evidence that the pressure 
must be intensified. It is the classic 
pre-revolutionary situation in 
which con c essions are taken as a 
sign of weakness and rejected so 
that hearts may be hardened and 
the struggle continued until total 
victory is achieved. 

In Britain politicians argue 
about what impact sanctions will 
have on the South African 
government's policies, whether 
they will barm Mads (as Pretoria 
cteunsL whether ordinary. Haifa 
nevertheless want them,' and 
whether they will canse unemploy- 
ment in British export industries. 

Many share David Steel's view 
that although sanctions are largely 
“gesture politics” which are un- 
likely to “bring the Sooth African 
government down” fito? are still 
necessary asa signal tome African 
population that ifcey are not 
fighting alone but have the demo- 
oatic West bebmditi^m. .... 
If it is said, sanctions toe not 
rotted so as -to force die South 
Bricau government quickly to 
accept the demands of foe ANC, 
there will be even more Mood- 
shed. But there is no less and 
abably more risk of bloodshed 
>m the whites* present fear that 
the world offers them no other 
way out, and from what could 
come about ifa system of one man 
one vote in a unitary state came 
into existence; 

Instead of arguing about the 
immediate effects of sanctions we 
should be asking honestly what 

solution would work in South 
IfrKSL and whether one man one 
■vote in a unitary state is * viable 

* democratic option. 

his fear of ns consequences 
which hagii 

does not excuse, the immoral 
apparatus of social and polHttd 
SSrtbri d. The history of Sooth 

African country- Ssewpece toe 

whites were tiny 

power was not indefinitely 
sustainable. The question was 
never whether bra when and in 
what conditions they should hand 
it over. Once they handed it over, 
however reluctantly, ter num- 
bers were small enough for them 
ro be accommodated m the new 
stales or go elsewhere. 

Bui the South African whites 
number more than *5 million, 
approaching 20 per cent of the 
population. Thev nave roots there 
since the 17th and 18th centimes, 
and with the help of foreign 
investment they have built u p an 
advanced western industrial soci- 
ety which, with their cultural 
identity, they wish to teenre. 
Looking at the rest of Africa they 

do not think it would survive with 

the forms of democracy inter- 
preted by an African majonty- 
They know that a Bishop 
Mozorewa would quickly be 
brushed aside. 

The norm of Africa n de moc- 
racies is the one-party state. We 
should not jeer at that. As a 
distinguished servant ofthe House 
of Commons once said to me: 
* k We expan the Westminster 
model to Africa but in the 
conditions there it is not the 20th 
century model but the quasi- 
monarchicai and baronial version 
of the 13th centtny which takes 
root.” That version is suitable at 
some stag e* in development, but 
hardly to South Africa. 

White resistance to it is the root 
of apartheid, from the concept of 
the homelands to social apartheid 
which is intended to prevent 
political advance. It is a harsh and 
immoral system which even in its 
own terms has been applied 
dishonestly. Separate develop- 
ment has been nothing ofthe sort 
since the growth of prosperity has 
owed much to the availability of 
low-paid black labour and to an 
unfair division of the country. But 
we have to deal with the fear at the 
root of these misdeeds if we wish 
to avoid bloodshed. 

Commonwealth black leaders, 
moved by their own resentment of 
colonialism, demand that Britton 
should impose sanctions. They are 
bad guides. We might tdl them 
that lor ob£ thing colonialism has 
generally been u means to human 
■advancement; the Ramans' were 
colonists and we ourselves were 
beneficiaries. Colonialism leaves 
problems but the straggle in South 
Africa is not strictly one of them. 
It is a struggle between the 
aspirations of different commu- 
nities and a solution must be one 
which produces peace by satisfy- 
ing them both. Britain's role is to 
urge a solution that mil turn away 
a wrath which wiU only be 
dangerously intensified if all that 
is on offer is sanctums and the 
ANCs present demands. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Service with 
a simile 

Can’t get enough of Wimbledon? 
Me tool So I’ve prepared this little 
cut-out-and-keep commentary 
sheet which you can have by you 
every time you want to satisfy 
your addiction. Start reading any- 
where, and go back to the begin- 
ning as often as you like 1 

“Oh! That was a good serve,” 

“It was a perfect serve.” 

“Pity it was out.” 

“Yes, it was just the wrong side 
of the — and his second serve is a 
good, deep, high-kicking, vicious 
serve ...” 

“Perfect second serve.” 

“Pity it was out." 

“But this unsceded Yugoslav 
player, Zadninovic, ranked 129th 
on the computer, is a real fighter 
and he is putting up a tremendous 
battle against the American out- 
sider, Brad Ford.” 

“Who is ranked 128th on the 
computer, but as we speak, the 
computer changes and they now 
exchange positions. WelL that’s 
amazing, Dan. Dan?” 

“And that’s airm>in e 
Zadninovic prepares to serve 
again, Zadninovic, remember is 
wearing the white shirt, white 
shorts and Coca-Cola hat — and 
be hns an amatong firet service to 
.Fords backhand!” 

“Pity it was out.” 

“Don’t forget that Coca-Cola is 
ranked fifth on the computer, 
behind Robinson's Lemon Bariev 
Water, and I must say it’s nice to 
see an English beverage so high in 
the ratings.” . 

Zadnmovic prepares, to serve 
again. The same routine every 
time. Bounce the ball once 
... .bounce the ball twice 

bounce the ball three times 
“Bring another, ball out of 'his 
pocket . „ . 

. “Hf 1 ball-boy on the " 
hc2d #'• • 

“Slash at the umpire 
"And* listen .to ' his coacb’g 
instructions on short-wave- radio 
Zadninovic, remember, is en- 
gaged to be married to Bishi 
Twink, tire Romanian girl star 

who is sitting m the crowd at this 

very moment, and was so unfortu- 
nately -knocked out in the first 
roundly Salmonella, the promi$. 
mg junior player from 

“So if s Zadrunovic to serve to 
stay in the point" 

“And there in the stand we can 
: just get a glimpse of Brad Fold’s 
parents, who have specially flown 
over from Wisconsin to see him.” 

“And they are cheering on 
Zadrunovic ...” 

“Because they cannot bear to 
see their son win.” 

“And he serves! Bur it’s out 
Let s see that again." 

“You know. Brad Ford re mind^ 
me very much of that ever- 
popular player from the 1960s, 
Wendell Cooly. I wonder what- 
ever happened to him.” 

“WelL apparently he gave up 
teiuiis and became a missionary, 
and went out to the Amazon to 
convert the Indians. But appar- 
ently he had a change of heart 
when he was there and gave up 
God. He started teachrng the 
Indians tennis instead.” 

. “Good heavens, how fascinat- 
ing. you must tell me more about 
that some other time, and we’ve 
just heard that there’s high drama 
gora« on op Court 23! Unfortu- 
nately we don’t have cameras 
toere^so it’s baric to Zadninovic, 

joined us here — what do you 
tekof tte big-hitting . duel 
between the huge Yugoslav and 
the strong American?” 

r ^e only just joined you. 
and haven’t actually seen ten 
play but I would say that it’s a 
humdinger of a match, evenly 
poised on a knife edge. Or, as we 
say, very boring.” 

111111 w don’t say that 
00 carry on as if it 

wereaflvery interesting - S 

f^dness! Brad lW fa^Tstod 
something to a line judge? WdL 
^l^^sational devefo pme Stj 

EES” S i ** sato 'Hi there, 
me^t fw** kindly 

^^^Zadrunovic prepares to 
BBT kS 1 ?' ^ ***** Tmafraid 

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Tensions are undoubtedly 
high in Northern Ireland. But 
what caused Dr Paisley’s sud- 
den conversion to the theory 
that civil war is round the 
comer, when he had been so 
relatively quiet on this - and on 
most other - subjects for the 
past few weeks? 

The shortest answer is that 
the latest phase of the struggle 
for political leadership of 
unionism has still produced no 
conclusive winner. Ever since 
the Official Unionists and Dr 
Paisley’s Democratic Union- 
ists, began vying for domi- 
nance in the early 1 970s, many 
of their tactics have been 
influenced not only by their 
traditional opponents but by 
consideration of the oppo- 
nents on their own side. 

The centre ground of union- 
ism will always gravitate to- 
wards its traditional 
representatives, the Official 
Unionists. Dr Paisley has to 
find his ground on either the 
moderate or the extremist side 
of that obstacle. At any given 
moment, therefore, he can be 
found being either surprisingly 
free-thinking or else parading 
potential paramilitaries in 
preparation for hand-to-hand 

The speed and frequency of 
his journeys between these two 
poles has occasionally con- 
fused observers into thinking 
that Dr Paisley is moving 

towards the more pragmatic 
centre. If there is one safe rule 
of thumb in judging these 
volatile manoevres it is that if 
a piece of ground has Dr 
Paisley’s feet on it, it is not in 
the centre of anything. 

Dr Paisley is now. as virtu- 
ally always, testing the politi- 
cal temperature. Is there a 
constituency for violent resis- 
tance to Hillsborough or will 
dissent remain mostly peace- 
ful? Unionism is again di- 
vided: many unionists were 
genuinely disgusted at the 
intimidation and thuggery 
triggered off by the staging of a 
one-day protest strike in 
March. But it is also a deep- 
seated and widely-held belief 
in both communities that vi- 
olence is the continuation of 
politics by other means, that 
communities engaged in self- 
defence can licence themselves 
to resist or attack what they do 
not want irrespective of the 
views of the state in which they 

In this culture, there is a 
marked shortage of voices to 
tell Dr Paisley what should be 
self-evident, that there can be 
no justification for the vi- 
olence which he claims to 
foresee and in doing so helps to 
encourage. It is particularly 
ironic that Dr Paisley talked 
about a “battle” to preserve 
“our British heritage”. It is not 


Little is sacred among our 
time-honoured institutions 
these days. If they have stood 
the test of time it often seems 
to be assumed that something 
must be wrong with them. But 
one institution has remained 
sacrosanct and apparently be- 
yond censure: the public li- 

Founded In the middle of 
the last century, they are 
customarily extolled as open 
doors to literacy and literature 
and as making a little, or even 
a lot, of learning available to 
Everyman, if he wants it They 
are seen as a means of 
transmitting our intellectual 
heritage from one generation 
to the next, and as justifying 
their cost by helping to build a 
basis for economic growth by 
giving access to the constantly 
enlarging flow of information. 

Now, however, even the free 
public libraries have been 
subjected to attack in a 
provocative and highly illu- 
minating report. Ex JLibris, 
which has just been published 
by the Adam Smith Institute. 
Disrespectful it certainly is 
and it will undoubtedly arouse 
rage in the arts-and-culture 
establishment. But it is a 
healthy and reasoned critique 
and it deserves to be consid- 
ered seriously. 

From their beginning, pub- 
lic libraries have been funded 
by the rates, though before and 
after the first world war their 
expansion owed much to the 
private donations of the Car- 
negie Trust, which totalled 
some £1.8 million pounds. 
Until 1964 in England and 
Wales, and 1972 in Scotland it 
was purely a matter of local 
decision whether local authori- 
ties used their discretionary 
power to provide and fund 
library services. But since then 
they have had a statutory duty 
to do so. The report calculates 
that the cost of the libraries 
through public funding is now 
£7 a head for every man, 
woman and child in Britain. 

But the cost is not the sole 
charge directed against the 
principle of the free public 
library. The real criticism is 
based on what might be called 

value-for-money principle and 
on the consequences of the 
present system. It has, says the 
report, reduced book pur- 
chases and deprived authors 
and publishers of income to 
which they are entitled. The 
expansion of libraries into 
records, tapes and videos (for 
which charges are made) has 
provided unprecedented 
opportunities for illegal copy- 
ing, again depriving creative 
artists of their due royalties. 
They have encouraged the 
opinion that books are free, 
and they have undercut and 
driven out of existence the 
private subscription and other 
libraries which commonly pro- 
vided fiction cheaply before 
the war. 

But the most telling charge 
against is that the greater 
number of customers use the 
service to borrow not educa- 
tional books or literature but 
light romantic fiction: Mills 
and Boon on the rates. It is a 
good point and it raises the 
question why not also 
subsidise romantic films? 

The best answer is that at a 
lime when, despite the vast 
cost of education, literacy is at 
something of a discount in 
Britain, anything that pro- 
motes it in a society whose 
habit is to look more at 
moving pictures than the writ- 
ten page, is something to be 
preserved. Likewise the least 
convincing charge against li- 
braries is that they are largely 
paid for by citizens who do not 
use them; on that basis every 
element of redistribution 
through taxation should be 

The real question is whether 
the system with all its faults 
could be changed for the better 
and cheaper without harming 
the basic facility for self 
education which it provides. 
The proposal in the report is 
that library members should 
pay an annual charge of £4 and 
a borrowing charge of 30 
pence, which would enable 
more to be spent on the 
educational and reference ser- 
vices. Additionally, a separate 
charge of £1 a day (surely for 
many people a really serious 

deterrent) is suggested for 
using reference and reading 
room facilities, with reduced 
rates for children, pensioners, 
the unemployed and students. 

A charge of the latter sort is 
plainly unacceptable and 
would make nonsense of the 
educational purposes of public 
libraries which are especially 
important at a time when it is 
more and more important for 
citizens to have a return to 
education when they wish after 
school The idea of charges in 
general carries the same dis- 

What would be more accept- 
able, if it could be devised, is a 
scheme for charges on pulp 
fiction leaving a free service 
for educational and literary 
books. But where would the 
line be drawn? How would one 
devise categories which would 
enable charges to be levied for 
Mills and Boon but not for 
Hamlet or Iris Murdoch? And 
where would Agatha Christie 
come into it? 

It is a minefield through 
which few would care to tread, 
and in the absence of any 
convincing scheme for placing 
charges on a limited category 
of highly non-educational 
books it has to be concluded 
that the report does not make 
its case for charges. 

Nor indeed do charges help 
to answer some of the most 
formidable aguments of the 
report, the use of libraries for 
censorship. It is common 
knowledge that politicised li- 
brary committees comb the, 
bookshelves to remove books 
that offend their particular 
notion of what they should 
contain, protecting children 
from anything they think 
savours of racism and sexism. 
Some even protect their rate- 
payers from reading The 
Times. But how would charges 
which simply kept more peo- 
ple out of the library stop that? 
It is a valuable and stimulating 
report which should make us 
think more about how libraries 
should be managed, what they 
should stock and who should 
manage them. But it does not 
lead convincingly to its 
authors' remedies. 


Every little boy, or so we are 
told, dreams of one day 
becoming a train driver. By the 
early 1 980s 18.617 of those 
little boys had fulfilled their 
ambition. One of them had 
changed sex along the way. She 
is now the single fully qualified 
train driver on British Rail’s 

The paucity of women on 
the staff of Britain’s railways 
has been evident to any rail 
traveller for decades. Two 
years ago the Equal Opportu- 
nities Commission set out to 
discover the reasons. Its highly 
critical report, Warned: 
Railman, published this week, 
revealed a catalogue of out- 
dated and self-perpetuating 
attitudes which help to explain 
whv so few women (a mere 
6.5% of the British Rail 
employees) are involved in 
running the railways. 

The train driver is one 
manifestation of these atti- 
tudes. Driving a train, despite 
technological improvements 
which have put an end to the 
heavy, sooty work of the past, 

is still regarded as the pinnacle 
of achievement on the rail- 
ways. The job is steeped in 
tradition and not a little 
legend. And part of that legend 
is that train drivers need a 
certain special quality; they 
belong to an exclusive caste. 
Neither the qualities nor the 
caste include being a woman. 

The most frequently offered 
excuses for the dearth of 
women employees are famil- 
iar. Railway work is heavy and 
dirty — but so is a great deal of 
work done by women and 
anyway it is less so than in the 
past It involves unsocial 
hours and shift work; but so do 
many jobs, including the 
predominantly female nursing 
profession. The career pro- 
gression. based as it is on long 
service and promotion 
through the ranks, does not fit 
a woman's life pattern. Does 
the promotion pattern of any 
large organization? 

What really disqualifies 
women are the prevailing atti- 
tudes to recruitment and staff 
training. Being a member of a 

“railway family’* may still be 
more important than 
qualifications for the job. Va- 
cancies are often advertised by 
word of mouth — man to man, 
father to son. 

There is precious little part- 
time working on the railways, 
even though the irregular flow 
of traffic should make the 
employment of part-timers 
advantageous. Overtime is the 
preferred norm — regardless of 
the number of people (both 
sexes) out of work. 

The Commission’s analysis 
of opportunities for women in 
British Rail merits attention 
because it is equally applicable 
to almost every large national- 
ized industry. Railway/ww. as 
the report notes, see them- 
selves and British Rail as part 
of the country’s great indus- 
trial tradition, alongside steel 
and coal. Here is perhaps the 
most outdated attitude of 
them all. and the one which 
needs to be abandoned most 
rapidly if the railways are 
serious about looking to the 

Avoiding battle in nation’s church 

From the Reverend Canon George tend only they) whose supporters 

part of our heritage to raise 
arms against a democratic, 
elected government 

Unionists such as Dr Paisley 
claim that the negotiation 
leading up to the Hillsborough 
agreement and the abolition of 
the local Assembly has de- 
prived them of their vote and 
voice. Even if this claim is 
taken at its face value - and 
there is no reason to do so - it 
could never conceivably jus- 
tify the civil war Dr Paisley 
appears to relish. 

It throws into sharp relief 
the old unionist dilemma of 
finding a measure of influence 
with the state to which they 
wish to be united. TTiat in- 
fluence has been eroded over 
the years by lack of political 
movement and a willingness 
to resort to violence or to 
threaten it. It is not likely to be 
restored by frontal assault on 
constitutional authority. In 
particular, it is not likely to be 
enhanced by violence against 
the police. 

There was an appalling 
irony in the spectacle of Dr 
Paisley denouncing the un- 
lucky policemen who had 
hauled him out of the Assem- 
bly chamber. Dr Paisley, the 
vocal scourge of terrorists, was 
busy wasting the precious time 
of those who manage the real 
business of dealing with terror- 


Sir. In your leader (June 20). “The 
choice for the Church”, you 
rightly point to the Church of 
England's dual role as the church 
of the nation and the church of 
committed Anglicans. I value both 
aspects and would deeply regret 
the demise of either. But theologi- 
cal decisions, whether about the 
nature of Christian belief or about 
the ordination of women, must be 
reached on a firmer basis than the 
religious impulse of popular senti- 
ment. One is a Christian because 
one believes and not because 
being Church of England is an 
aspect of being a thoroughly 
decent Englishman. 

This means that in coming to 
such derisions, majority opinion 
is not relevant in the way that it 
might be in. say, a referendum 
about membership of the Com- 
mon Market. Had Athanasius not 
stood alone ( contra mundum), the 
Church might now have been 
Unitarian. A more recent example 
is the defeat of the Covenant 
proposals by a minority vote, as a 
result of which a newer and more 
exciting way towards a unity in 
diversity is coming to fruition and 
centuries of bitter division be- 
tween Anglicans and Roman 
Catholics are being healed. Yet to 
the “church of the nation” oppo- 
sition to those proposals seemed 
as bizarre as does the present 
opposition to the ordination of 
women - “tactics of bluff and 
bluster” as you yourself describe 
them, with an uncharacteristic 
lack of charity. 

A recent BBC Newsnight poll 
suggested that no less than 18 per 
cent of members of the General 
Synod would not wish to be part of 
a Church of England with women 
priests. Projected on to total clergy 
numbers, that would mean a 
staggering 1,900 clergy who would 
be prepared to leave — neatly 
twice as many as the “bluffers and 
blusterers’’ have previously sug- 
gested and an average of some 45 
priests per diocese. This number 
could well increase when it is more 
fully appreciated that the issue at 
stake is not simply the ordination 
of women but, in its wake, the 
increasing dominance of liberal 

While it is true that the support- 
ers of women in the priesthood 
have within their ranks the broad 
sweep of theological opinion, it is 
also within their number (and 
only there) that those are to be 
found whose liberal theology takes 
them beyond the bounds of what 
in the bishops* report. The Nature 
of Christian Belief, is described as 
the only belief which “can daim to 
be the teaching of the universal 

Rather than “bluff and bluster”, 
it is a simple fact that those who 
oppose the ordination of women 
will claim that because it is they 

do not stray beyond those bounds 
of universal faith, accepting the 
traditional formularies of the 
Church of England and holding to 
the doctrines of the creeds as 
understood by the universal 
Church, it is they who are the 
Church of England. 

It is to avoid the unseemliness 
of a legal battle to determine who 
really is the Church of England, as 
well as to give the opportunity of 
two parallel churches undivided 
by bitterness and recrimination 
becoming reconciled without diffi- 
culty and pain at a future date, 
that ! shall propose such a course 
at the York Synod next month. 

One thing is certain: the fun- 
damental differences which exist 
between liberals and traditional- 
ists within the Church are wasting 
the energy and efforts of sincere 
people on both sides of the 
argument to such a degree that the 
real mission of the Church is being 
desperately undermined. We can- 
not go on in this way. and if a di- 
vision — albeit temporary — is the 
only way to avoid it. then perhaps 
such a course is actually the way 
God intends for us. 

Yours sincerely. 


The Vicarage, 

19 High Road, 

Bushey Heath. 

Watford, Hertfordshire. 

From Mr H. Hyslop 
Sir. You say in your first leader of 
June 20 that “Not to ordain 
women . . . would be to oppose 
the historic process of female 
emancipation and equality on the 
grounds that there are esoteric 
differences between men and 
women which Christianity alone 
knows about but cannot convinc- 
ingly explain”. Is not this to 
attempt to solve a theological 
problem as though it were a purely 
secular one? 

All Christians hold that divine 
revelation was addressed before 
Christ to the Jews. It has never 
been supposed that it was so 
addressed because there were eso- 
teric differences between Jews and 
Gentiles which the human reason 
should tie able to verify. The 
assumption has always been that 
God favoured the Jews in his way 
because he freely elected to do so 
as he was fully entitled to do. But 
scripture and tradition combine to 
suggest that God has likewise 
freely elected, as he is equally 
entitled to do, to be served at the 
altar by males alone. 

What strictly theological reason 
exists for contending that, on the 
point in question, scripture and 
tradition are misleading? It is this 
above all that needs to be ex- 

Yours faithfully, 


30 Hare fields, 


June 20. 

Men and manners 

From Mr Lucas Meltinger 
Sir, 1 admit that Mr Bernard 
Levin's customary wit wrapped in 
verbal skills provoked my invol- 
untary chuckles of which, on 
reflection, I felt much ashamed, as 
I think he ought to be. 

He asks (June 1 9), “Who now is 
grinding down the poor?” and he 
implies that it is most of the 
unions, exemplified by one of 
their chairmen recently elected on 
the strength of: leaving school at 
15; sticking to pints and meat pies 
(instead of restaurant food); 
dedining a taxi to his hotel in a 
downpour and avoiding marriage 
with a woman of the professional 
classes. Mr Levin then ridicules 
their failure to aspire to his and, 
no doubt, your readers* values. 

However, elevated academic, 
culmary or sartorial refinements 
are not a prerequisite to the 
development of integrity. It is also 

likely that personal relationships 
- marriage being the most 
demanding — are more supportive 
when the union, or unions, are 
founded on the base rock-bottom 
which is mocked by Mr Levin, but 
recognised as solid ground for 
leadership by those who have no 
experience of other realities. 

In the absence of cultivated 
standards to be maintained pre- 
tence is the least dvilised of 
attitudes and acceptance the most 
promising. This, I guess, was what 
the union members felt when they 
elected their chairman as “one of 
the lads” 

Mr Levin’s failure to under- 
stand this position would justify 
them - if they were interested — 
on this occasion to call him an 
“arrogant prig”. 

Yours faithfully, 


4 Kew Green. 

Richmond, Surrey. 

June 20. 

Lost for words 

From Mr F. A. Turkman, MEP for 
Leicester (. European Democrat 
( Conservative )) 

Sir, Your leader (June 20) on the 
new language policy is well bal- 
anced until you come to your final 
paragraph. The global village does 
not exist and it does not speak 

The need to speak other lan- 
guages is not only important at the 
technical level, but extends to 
understanding people. Much of 
our marketing could be improved 
if sales staff were able to speak to 
and understand the foreign diem 
in his own tongue. They would 
find that not everything is 
translatable and that the under- 
lying attitudes have to be under- 
stood before the all-important 
rapport between people is estab- 

This becomes very evident at 

(he political level. So many British 
actions spring from the feeling, “If 
it's different it must be wrong"; 
the result is a constant series of 
misunderstood reactions. On tbe 
European scene, it would help 
enormously if more British 
politicans understood our part- 
ners. if that were seen and felt to 
be so. with the result that our 
frequent need to disagree would 
no longer be regarded as springing 
from ignorance, lack of sympathy 
and simple arrogance. 

Language represents feeling, 
history, culture and very fun- 
damental attitudes; these differ 
between peoples. Knowledge of 
language can change barriers into 
bridges. We need more of them. 
Yours faithfully. 


6 Cumberland Road. 

Barnes. SWI3. 

June 21. 

The hippy convoy 

From Mr Marcus Trinick 
Sir, ft is most interesting to note 
the various reactions there have 
been to what has been called “the 
hippy convoy" in the counties of 
Wiltshire, Somerset, Dorset, and 

There is a children’s nursery 
rhyme still in cunent use which 
runs: “Hark, bark the dogs do 
bark, the beggars are coming to 

town ” This rhyme dates from 

the time of plague in the four- 
teenth and fifteenth centuries 
when there was a very real threat 
that travellers of no fixed abode 
would cany infection from one 
community to another. 

Partly as a result of this fear, but 
partly also because boroughs ob- 
jected to providing relief to those 
from elsewhere, the Elizabethan 
Poor Laws were enacted and 
provided that vagrants, as they 
were called, could only receive 
relief from and within their own 
place of origin. 

It was not until 1834 that the 
Poor Law Amendment Act was 

passed to repeal in large measure 
those Elizabethan laws. 

Because 1 am not directly 
affected by the new Elizabethan 
travellers, and partly also because 
those like me who were tee n agers 
between 1960 and 1970 may feel 
some sympathy by association. I 
do not feel able to have any firm 
views on the present problem, 
given especially that tbe “hippies" 
of 1986 do not accord with my 
memory of the hippies 20 years 
ago. However, I do wonder if in 
the same way, that our inherited 
memory causes us to fear or to be 
wary of darkness, the present 
reaction to the hippy convoy may 
betray a degree of inherited mem- 
ory dating back to those days of 
plague so long ago. 

It is noL for nothing that 
children’s nursery rhymes have 
survived so long. They strike a 
chord in our deepest conscious- 

Yours faithfully, 


7 St George's Road, 

Truro. Cornwall. 

Limited choice 
of headstones 

From Mr Clive Farahar 
Sir. Bernard Levin (June 7) asks 
“Who . . . commissions tombs 
today?” The answer, 1 expect, is 
those who can afford fine artists 
and workmen and can smooth 
over such local planning diffi- 
culties that arise. 

The problem that many more of 
us face is the depth to which the 
an of the headstone has sunk. My 
wife and 1 recently had the sad 
oppon unity of looking more 
closely into this area only to be 
appalled at the lack of choice and 
overall tasielessncss that the high 
street monumental mason could 
provide. We were given the im- 
pression that the catalogue prof- 
fered was all we could expect 
Indeed, to look in any church- 
yard or cemetery it is easy to see 
how, over the last SO years this 
dull and uninteresting conformity 
has been allowed to develop. 
Some blame must go to the local 
diocesan regulations and the 
excusable desire of the mourner to 
get the arrangements for the stone 
over and done with. 

We spend much time improving 
our environment, both naturally 
and through the arts, and I believe 
that there is a responsibility for 
local councils and clergy to 
encourage higher standards. 

In our own case we found an 
artisi/craftsman whose experi- 
ence, warmth and enthusiasm for 
the project took a great weight off 
our minds. His costs compared 
most favourably with those for the 
most basic stone offered by the 
monumental mason. 

People may not have the re- 
sources for a Gilbertian tomb, but 
the fine arts of lettering, chasing 
and carving stone are still around 
and very underused. 

Yours faithfully, 


XIV The Green, 

Caine, Wiltshire. 

June 10. 

Single European Act 

From Mr Peter Gifford 
Sir. We ought to welcome the 
implementation of the Single 
European Act if it will ensure that 
the EEC Council of Ministers will 
reach speedier decisions. But the 
individual, let alone Westminster 
(as mentioned by Mr William 
Cash MP. feature, June 16) does 
need reasonable safeguards in case 
he is at tbe receiving end of 
Commission legislation following 
some package deal thrashed out by 
politicians without regard for a 
particular minority interest 
We need to have earlier warning 
of the topics for decision and of 
the proposals for legislation. 

At the present time — and I ha ve 
been told this by officials of the 
Commission — it is more or less a 
matter of luck whether representa- 
tions are considered by the right 
penson at the right time or at all. 
This is of special importance to 
those who own land within the 
Community because the differing 
land and property laws of each 
member state make a common 
application of Commission leg- 
islation very awkward. 

The Commission ought, at 
once, to strengthen its linguist 
section so that documents axe 
quickly available in all official 
languages. And the Commission, 
having gathered greater power to 
itself, ought to have the courage to 
re-delegate to member slates the 
detailed means of carrying 
Community policy into effect so 
that each member state can, 
wherever necessary, have due 
regard for its own national laws. 

Attention to these matters 
would help us to a better under- 
standing of what is going on and 
could ensure a debate in the 
parliaments of each member state. 
Yours faithfully, 

European Landowning 
Organisations Group, 

16 Belgrave Square, SW1. 

June 19. 

Charging for books 

From Mrs Stella Humphries 
Sir, Re the introduction of library 
charges (report June 23). we must 
bring Oscar Wilde up to date. 

The Adam Smith Institute 
knows t he price of everything and 
the value of nothing. 

Yours faithfully. 


71 Cameron Road. 

Bromley. Kent. 

Serpentine closure 

From Mr Feliks Topolski 
Sir. My domestication in London 
in 1935 evolved out of a great 
many delights, “exotic" to me — a 
Central European, in their vari- 
ation. topped perhaps by care, as 
realised by Lansbury's gesture of 
opening at almost no charge, 
therefore to everybody, the unique 
wide landscape of Hyde Park's 
Serpentine for the bathing “Lido”. 

I swam and basked there every 
one of those 50 years (not sure 
about the war years) amongst the 
widest range of people, gathered in 
harmony, of all ages, all back- 
grounds. all races (including those 
precious tourists) — until this year 
the blessed “amenity” was 
extinguished, inexplicably, since it 
was. I believe, established 
statutorily’ as of public right to 

1 appeal to the undisclosed 
powers to revoke their brutal 
decision, at least on the ground of 
it damaging London's fame for its 

And I appeal to other habitues 
of the Serpentine Lido to come 
forth with protestations, perhaps 
more legally effective than this 
weak plea. 

Yours faithfullv, 


Bridge Arch 158, 

South Bank. SE1. 

JUNE 26 1925 

The archive of The Tunes does 
nut record if Mussolini’s letter is 
unique as one coming from a 
prime minister and having a 
polemical content. King Victor 
Emmanuel Ilf appointed Benito 
Mussolini ( I&S3-I945) prime 
minister on October 30. 1922. an 
uffice he held until July 1943. 



Sir. — I am very sensible of the 
fact that your most important 
paper attentively follows my pollti 
cal and polemical manifestations. 
Allow me, however, to rectify some 
statements contained in your last 

It does not correspond with facts 
that the last Bills voted by the 
Italian Chamber are against the 
most elementary liberties, whereof 
you will be convinced by carefully 
considering the articles of the 
aforesaid laws. It is not true that 
patriots are discontented. On the 
contrary, the truth is that the 
opposition is carried on by a small 
dispossessed group, while Lhe enor- 
mous majority of the Italian people 
works ana lives quietly, as foreign 
ere sojourning in my country may 
daily ascertain. Please note also 
that Fascism counts 3.000,000 
adherents, whereof 2.000,000 are 
Syndicalist workmen and peas- 
ants, thus representing the politi- 
cally organized majority of the 
nation. Even the Italian Opposi- 
tion now recognizes the great 
historical importance of the Fas 
cist experiment, which has to be 
firmly continued in order not to fail 
in its task of morally and material- 
ly elevating the Italian people, and 
also in the interest of European 
civilization. Please accept my 
than It c and regards. 

I am, &C-, 

Rome, June 24. MUSSOLINL 

Signor Mussolini’s Apologia. 

We gladly lay before our readers 
the interesting letter which SI 
telegraphed to us for publication. A 
chief advantage of the liberty of the 
Press, as it exists under free and 
equal laws, is that it affords the 
representatives of all opinions the 
opportunity of stating their own 
case in their own words, subject 
only to the limits of moderation 
and of courtesy. Certainly nothing 
could be more temperate or polite 
than the substance and the tone of 
MINISTER'S communication . . . 

. .All that he purports to do is 
rectify certain s t atements in a 
leading article which appeared in 
these columns last Tuesday. It is 
easy to weigh the value of these 
rectifications. He does not “conde- 
scend upon particulars.” He con- 
fines himself to general assertions 
and general denials. SIGNOR 
MUSSOLINI says that the Bills 
just passed by the Chamber, in- 
cluding the Press Bill, the Civil 
Service BUI, and the Bill investing 
the Government decrees with the 
force of law, are not against the 
most elementary of liberties. That 
contention may be left to the 
common sense of the public. The 
closing sittings of the Chamber and 
his address to the Fascist Congress 
were the occasion of an article to 
takes exception. The number of a 
leading Italian newspaper of very 
moderate Liberal views which 
reported the address was sup- 
pressed in one edition for com- 
menting upon the sittings. The 
Duce’s" boast that Fascismo has 
,000,000 supporters who repre- 
sent the “political organized ma- 
jority of the nation” may be 
referred to the same tribunal. The 
nation numbers 40,000.000 Ital- 
ians. What right have these 
.000,000 — it indeed, there are 
3,000,000 Fascists — to represent 
says quite truly that the enormous 
majority of the people are working 
and living quietly, and be denies 
that patriots are discontented If 
the discontented are but “a small 
group", why is it necessary to gag 
the Press, to forbid free speech, to 
forbid public meetings, and to arm 
tbe Executive with arbitrary and 
practically irresponsible powers? 
that the movement must be “firm- 
ly continued” for the moral and 
material elevation of the Italian 
people and in the interest of 
European civilization. There is 
difficulty in seeing bow it can 
benefit either. We believe that 
and earnestly desires the welfare of 
Italy. We are convinced that this 
policy is not in the long run tbe 
way to promote it. 

Digging up the past 

From Mr John O’Byrne 
Sir. The medieval period, despite 
Mr Martin Best's protestation 
(June 21 ). was not so glorious. 

It was marked, for the most 
part, by acute shortages of food, 
pestilence, and the existence of a 
landocracy whose estates were 
worked by slaves. The system of 
justice was harsh and arbitrary, 
decapitation being the usual 
punishment. In short, medieval. 
Yours faithfully. 


32 Glen Drive, 

The Park. 

Foxrock, Dublin. 

Republic of Ireland. 

Signs of the times 

From Mrs Jean HeaJd 
Sir. On seeing a field of buttercups 
my grandson, aged three-and-a* 
half, said with great authority to 
his brother, aged two. “That’s oil 
seed rape". 

Yours faithfully. 


Rebbur House, 

Nicker Hill, 

Keyworth. Nottingham. 





E 1 

A c Senior Secretaries we would not claim 
i to influence directly the destinies of 
giant multinationals. We do. however, play a 
significant role in helping our client com- 
panies in the West End, the City and on the 
Continent to gain maximum benefit from 
their staffing resources. 

Our newly opened Senior Secretaries 




J2? A 

I not claim office at J85-7 Brompcon Road makes our 
estinles of acknowledged expertise in bringing to- 
wer. play a gether the right staff and employers directly 
ient com- accessible to firms who have ‘gone West’, 
ind on the West of Hyde Park, that is. 
nefit from Whether you’re looking for the right 
post or the right personnel we’re the people 
lecretaries you must talk to. 

we 've no excuse 

^ n °* th8t 
„jj)\ Senior. Secretaries have 
f ' opened in Knigfatsbridge.9 

if- Al\AM N\ 



OLD fashioned 



BSBR t> 

ti*te today’s technology. 







Wottoig n superb modem ante to W* yon «iB be the riow hand at mb members tff up 
ndttoentMt mbo iw good md atmae swamt skn of 100/50 trim won) praess- 
iog apenence. Tad tSptonacjr ad discretion wd otMouty be amatol tor tbis Oval at 
resptretttty and your abffy Id be wsstite in 41 aspects of this busy poatno. 
Baag a tar drrvtr esl matte you to bawl witb tw cSreetor to tm various meefngs (B 
Bucta md Berts, afcwng jou tn teccrns tuBy tmotved _ 

n XI upsets of nixing ns hectic fits. Non-snoter . _ 9999 

pntsmd. fetceSsnt beaette afi nub* yoor obvtaus Cn niryw BS 
CWW. Age »*. OCIlR/T V 



Become a temporay with w and 
tic a pramanent step into tie 
best (d Both wants. 

Telephone 01-589 4422 



PA/Execudve Assistants 

Newspaper Publishing pic. based in Central London, 
is to launch a new narionai quality daily newspaper this 
Autumn. It will be called The Independent. 

We are looking for personnel who have proven their 
ability to w ork closely with crearive/scnsirive people 
unde rright deadlines and exacting conditions. People who 
can think for themselves, take decisions and perform well 
under occasional pressure. People who are willing to 
work liard to get ahead, have a devek sped sense ofhumour 
and do nor want to settle tor the usual “top level" salary 
for PAs. 

Experience with N’P systems is j must as is a 
willingness to work outside the 9 ro 5 drag and to take 
responsibility tor vour own work. 

The assignment is to train and support journalists 
working on one of the UKs largest and most exciting text 
handling computer systems. We will train you in all facers 
of this job. 

Salary’ is very’ competitive, especially so tor someone 
with valid computer related experience, plus a generous 
share option scheme. 

Please reply in writing to die Director of Operations, The Independent, 
Newspaper Publishing pic, 40 City RosuL, London EC1Y 2DB. 

U.K. subsidiary of the international 
German Saizgitter Group , 
requires a 


to start 1st September 1986 
a working knowledge of German would be 
useful together with several years of experience 
and the usual secretarial skills. 

In return we offer excellent conditions 
according to age and experience 

Please apply with C.V. to: 

Saizgitter (London) Ltd., 

Devlin House, 

36/37 St. George Street, 

(No agencies) 

SeuetBl newly owed openings for strep-minded. satt-man- 
vatsd remain aged 21-25, with this nofocjBcanl company. 
Posttoosara varied ranging tram the Cfessca) dept to Prarao- 
fians dept A rare opportunity far a vibrant personattty wth 
good conununiatwe and secretarial 90s (90/60). who wotdd 
enjoy the excitement and variety ottered by tbs irasic tadusby. 


£ 10,000 

For die newly appointed Iffl of a successful, 
prast&ous agency. 25+, confident personal- 
tty, your tfties wd include s ec ra ari ai 
reourtment Sound secretarial skffis (100/60) 
ptas previous experience at MD leveL 

£ 12,000 - £ 15,000 

Word Factory are a major force in the recruitment of Word 
Processing and secretarial staff. 

We are seeking experienced recruitment consultants to join our 
highly professional team based in WC1. 

Salary and conditions are exceptional and include: Non contribu- 
tory health scheme, pension scheme, with an excellent 
commission and bonus structure, total package will be £12,000 - 

If you are a go-ahead person who wants to climb the recruitment 
ladder ring me now. Caroline Mongan on 01-837 01 H . 



c. £10,000 -West End 

The Systems and Consultancy de partment 
A-g g ns. develops and impfanetss software 
systems for in-boose use, and chons. Its 
manag in g partner is looking for a secrecny/pa. 

You’ll need top level secraarial/word pnxxoiag 
yHIK and the enthusiasm and Ccnbrnty to work 
in the highly pressurised yet m formal 
atmosphere of an ex p a nd i n g department' New 
wp systems are being introduced, and it ishbely 

that you’ll have the skilb and keemress to tackle a 
leading role in their implementation. 
Interested? Then please contact John Angd, 
Personnel Manager, Drivers Jonas, Chartered 
Surveyors and Planning Consultants, 16 SuStik 
Street, London SWIY 4HS. Telephone 01-930 


PERMANENT £10,500 pa+ 



LEGAL WP £6.50 ph 

Far Junker details please call Drone on 

01 879 3453 




Required for yoimg 
enthusiastic established 
EC1 soticitors. Flexible 
hours. Salary AAE but 
not less than £9,250. 

Existing holiday 
hounoured. Please 
phone Jan on 251 2361. 



Ate you an audio-typist with wp experience who would like to become 
the secretary to the Director of a grot?) of charitable busts? If so, we’re 
looking for someone to join our small office in Covent Garden. 

The right candidate must be aged 24+ and should be able to boast the 
following qualities: • Gut, accurate spelling and typing • attention to 
detail • imflap pahflity • a good, professional telephone manner • diplo- 
macy • reliability. 

Starting salary will be commensurate with age and experience, but in 
the region of £8,500. A full cv, including names of two referees, with 
handwritten letter telling us briefly your reasons for applying, should be 
sent to: The Unit Manager, NUPRD, Lewisham Hospital, Lewisham High 
Street, London SE13 6LH. 

If you'd like more information please call the Unit Manager on 01-690 
4311 ext 6323. No agencies. 



How would yon like a rewarding PA job on your 
doorstep? If you air a WP enihnsrasi, with good 
audio and shorthand typing we at Allied Mans in 
Swiss Cottage have Hie answer fix' you. 

Our client a prestigious, international publishing- 
company. offer luxurious offices, and a convenient, 
location in return for your enthusiasm and PA 




25 years + 

To MO overse as Jnvest- 
merns cocTpany in 5W1. Top 
secretarial and Bdrrfn Skifls 
wttfi some mariujtarjg expert- 
en ce. 

Ceflebto of wwkfrg in own 
hwativH. 2nd European tav 
guaoe an arirantBge. • • 
Sabry up 10 £12,000 cn. 
Talaphone 01-437 2052 


SECRETARY £7.593 - £8.406 he. pj. (pay award pending} 
(Reference O] 

An experienced Secretary wttn good typing. Shorthand end 
audio SkBs Is requred by the Head of AdnenMratlon/SoGctar 
to the Coundl A knowledge ot taste word processing would be 
an advantageous (training wfl be given it necessary). 

For further (rdormatton contact Janet Sandere-Grosa (ext 

Form (ran Head otPareonrnl Services. York ftouse. Twicken- 
ham TWIT 3AA (01-091 7112 or 891 7798 (24 hour sj) 
returnable by 18tti July, 1986. 

London Borauah of 


(an equal opportunity employer) 


Bright and cheerful junior sec with good skills 
needed to help with toe running of our com- 
pany. Knowledge of computer / word 
processing required. Salary £7,000. 

Write with CV to: 

Frost & Reed Ltd 
41 New Bond Street 
London W1Y 0JJ 


Require attractive Secretary with pleasant 
manner able to deal with general public. Good 
secretarial qualifications essential. Idea] appli- 
cants should be between 22-26 with boundless 
energy and enthusiasm. Excellent salary. 
Apply to Michael Parry-Jones, 
Gascoigne Pees, 

54/56 Lower Sloane Street, 

London SW1. 

Telephone 01-730 8762 


For US - UK educational commission near 
Baker Street station. Assistant to Executive Di- 
rectors PA. Help in general office 
administration. Administer own programme. 
Good general education with accurate typing 
and shorthand. Word processing experience an 
advantage. Salary £6,445 with 4 weeks holiday 
+ usual bank holidays. Modest LVs. 

Please ring Sarah Green on 01-486 7697 


Requires a junior secretary to assist In riming a smaL txsy 
office. You wS need toUwD spoken, presentable and wn 
accurate, wttti good typing and porafety soma shorthand. WP 
training wd be given. 

Salary c£&500 pa. 

Please sand fuS CV to: 

Berry Asset Management Ltd. 

48. 8rook^ Street 
London W1Y 1YB. 


Uir PrHK H!u « * t a wwrUne tor 
the MD of * computer «. Very 
pood S/H typtoe. English moth. 
. er longue standard. Flat 
nrovUMO start bb mediately. 
Please call Uuemauonal Secre- 
taries PI 491 7100. 


we have a number of vacancies 
In cnamiev The O iur c h and 
the academic field K you are in- 
terested plane call Eve of O.v 
Selection tree coast on 828 
8335 for an informal chat. 

BSUNGUAL SKC with French + 
other European bog. for EC2 
Bank. big. sft. Very variable 
pressure of work £11.000 neg 
+ More, wood house Bee Cons. 
01-004 4646. 

outre emetort Secretary wnh 
•accurate typing and shorthand, 
able to ran office and help hi 
showroom, please telephone 
01-730 2739 

GREEK SHJUam Bilingual Sec- 
retary. dry Imparl Co. ENeg. 
01 40* 4864 Carrel our Agy. 


For expanding Company importing and retafing the finest 
cooking uonstts and tableware. CandUotes. riealy aged 
between 25 - 40. should preferably have a working knowl- 
edge of French antlfl taten . be confidant and with a Aaxtoto 
working stntude. Salary E9.000 pa. 

Please write to Mrs. Johnson 
42 Westboume Grove London W2 
or caff her on 01-229 5530. 


EfBhustastte and able PA/Seeretvv tor demantfipg manage- 
ment consuitana ottering non roudne job with cbent contact 
and travel to tactfuL parent, afScan t non dock watcher, car 
ttover. Salary negotiable. 

50 North MS, 

Higbgato N6. 

Superb communications and 
organisational skills, a bright, lively 
personality and pride in a task well 
done. wiD stand you in good stead 
when you Join our Consumer 
Marketing Division as 
Secretary /PA to one of our 

Excellent speeds a must as is a 
proven work background and the 
ability to remain calm in all 

Lots of scope and opportunities to 
use initiative for the right candidate 
. (22-28) 

Contact Melysa Coles today at 
Charles Barker Lyons oh 
01-634 1044. 

SWIM WP Operator &pJxennrfS0ar similar. 

VMe wtf bam you to phoaset and compose an senen and to 
de*clof)i te depcnrnemfoaroua%fneit(fy<ksigFt7primc<mtpo^ 
f» Mayfcr. Must be attiadatx.eble a dealOrnalya^heustomees 
. & capable of working under presue to tfwr deod&nes. 
to fbrmanct oriented sdexy from £8,000*- overtime ood profit 
share could raise to 03,000. 

Phone Ux Padmore on 491 0/80 


£13.000 -i- mtg 

One of the World's bating 
banking congtanerates is 
seeking a makjre and ex- 
perienced secretary/P A to 
assist a very Senior execu- 
tive. At tte level you will be 

expected to use your charm 

to haxlle the Chairman of 
major Companies as vrefi as 
organised complex travel 
and entertainments details. 

» aged 28-40, edu-. 

to ‘A’ level, you wifl 
be able to act fast when 
necassay. Good saotfarial 
sldfls (100/60) are essen- 
tial and WP experience is 
desirable- . 


01-726 8491 

British Museum 

A vacancy exists fora junior secretary in the office 
of the Museum’s Director. The successful candi- 
date will work under the direction of the senior 
personal secretary. 

The post is considered ideal for a college leaver or 
an intelligent person with limited work experience. 

Candidates must be 18 years of age or over and 
should possess GCE ’O’ level passes or A. B or C 
grades u English language and 2 other subjects. 
They must be able to type at 30 wpm and write 
shorthand at 100 wpm. . 

Starting salary £7975 pa - £8475 pa. 

Proficiency allowance payable for higher technical 

Apply on a postcard to Personnel (ref 18/86). Gt 
itraseUSt. WC1B 3DG.fbrnn application form. 
Closing date fbr compIeteAnppficarion forms: . 
18 Jnly 1986. 

- 1 AntqmdvppffrtmUiy t mp Ix fper - 


c£12,080. + ex Benefits 

Top calibre PA. with large company experience at Direc- 
tor level Will enjoy this prestigious post at a fiunous retail 
fashion group in Wl. You'd need exceUest organisational 
skills and the ability to liaise on aQ levels with complete 
confidentialiiy. You'll delegate toe secretarial aspects of 
toe work load to a junior secretary, but you'll need 90/60 
skills for toe mare confidential matters. Co-ordinate meet- 
ings. events and business trips with flair too. (age 25 - 30). 

Call: 01 493 8969 

c. £10,500 

n axdbng opportinty 

itttin a leadffig Fashion Hse 


lor a Senior Sec witti 
e th uim straflon abZty. 
experience. tDoartier 

org a nts a Uonal 
to bd nvoteei 

c £10,000 

Tire cftalenging poatton - 

created through e x pan si o n ■ 
ottere a busy riejr, W lr>- 
votvement and lots of dent 
fiaison. Use yore good typ- 
im sWBs to eecura ttfe 




international Hotel Gfoop are 
seeteg an eaxHent Sec. lor 
thgre Porsomel Dept. Admsi exp. 
+ GDSecsfa85 atamj tardus 
busy posnion. Soimaue witti 
good penoraky, 22*. ttgad. 
CaB 81470 1562 

ffiC. COM. 

WORLD Org.Sfcta see ror 
Rjwejth a. Dcweioonwot. 
W; 60 (fclUa. Lunogti UMfaL 
cC&4Qa C«n NMaSaTESAw 
Ol 7X *07 W 


A busy Accuses Djredar in dtt 
travel andiesuB field e bntang 
tar a bngta sacraBiy rath accu- 
rate typing, and sfnthamL rest 
Da conhoem amt dde to use own 
kttatm as the job ottara lots at 
ctont and press coaaa. (Aub 20- 
25). please cafl KBreida Long 
7PS nbtc RabOtvs tor ftrtur 
deals on 01-630 9141 


An eraflmt o^iortnmty has araai farawffl pr mu ttd etcre- 
tsy to join a anaD nemy fern wd Company baaed in the Wert 
Bal The suceeaafal appfacant wfl) be estnm^y BerdUe and 
c*»Me of cairyrac on. a variety ol basks eaeocfeied with (he 
crnUon of a new office. Duties will involve mwwrlnit tele- 
pbow*. inforartitm. rompflin* reponx and day to 

day yuexai adu unirt t ai ioa. Qualifications iBquirrd me a fest 
Bcctrateaodio typing, at lean Eve yean previous office eapni- 
OKe and a fori driving Sconce. Shorthand would be Knesset 
tat » not eraemiaL 

CVi in toe first i a n w ua 

26-to Grafton Street. 
London WL 




Telephone Jennie Cummino: ' 

. 01-486 B3ft5 ^ 




The advertising amt pttijfic 
tiatioos wria offers gfsa 
scope end BWOhamert for 
weSodacafflri young seaetar- 
ss. Lots of drert bison, 
media tnintog and above an a 
fast moving bvtiy environ- 
ment Let us help you break 
into PR or advertising now. 


French speaker vdth bade 

French spotter vdth bade 
sooetito sfcBta wanted as 
assistant trt 

TradtogBnn. bifutiHal miii>- 
sptrara, should suit sett- 
motivated; adaptable 
person. ; 

nease tataphone • • ■ • 
Kade Shepherdson 


fa» r i 



^ c £ 

p eta rv 




Flying through 
the frontiers 

of knowledge 

C ranfield College or 
Technology cele- 
brates its 40th anni- 
versary this year, 
fortified by an ad- 
mixture of enterprise, innova- 
tion and adrenalin. It is no 
ivory tower, but an entrepre- 
neurial powerhouse, sitting 
midway between the new 
town of Milton Keynes and 
the old town of Bedford. 

Apart from some of the 
buildings, there is nothing old 
about Cranfield. It lives on the 
frontiers of technological and 
scientific knowledge and its 
ethos is to push them further 
and wider. Its inhabitants — 
the staff and students — and 
visitors are sucked into a 
vortex of enthusiasm which, if 
transported into industry as a 
whole, would transform the 
nation's living standards. 

There are colleges for aero- 
nautics and aerospace and for 
manufacturing, schools of 
management, mechanical en- 
gineering, policy studies and 
industrial science, depart- 
ments of applied computing 
and mathematics and, the 
latest addition, an institute for 
information technology. 

The latter — the marrying of 
software engineering, commu- 
nication. computer-aided de- 
sign. intelligent knowledge- 
based systems and advanced 
micro-electronics — is a field 
in which Britain has been left 
trailing. Twenty-five leading 
UK. companies have invested 
more than £3.5 million in the 
institute to help us to catch up. 
the near equivalent of finding 
a squad of English batsmen to 
stand up to West Indian 

These are but a few of the 
disciplines covered on the 
Cranfield campus, but the 

institute has two other cam- 
puses — it won the Ministry of 
Defence contract against com- 
petition from Southampton 
and Loughborough Universi- 
ties to run the Royal College of 
Military Science at 
Shrivenham. Wiltshire, and at 
Silsoe in Bedfordshire there is 
the Faculty of Agricultural 
Engineering, Food Production 
and Rural Land. 

Soon, within the year, there 
will be a fourth campus at 
Milton Keynes, for the Infor- 
mation Technology Institute. 

Cranfield, the country's 
nearest, if feint, equivalent of 

UK companies 
have invested 
more than £3.5m 

the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, is a unique prof- 
it-making corporation. With 
only 1 7 per cent of its revenue 
coming from Department of 
Education grants, it has to live 
in the market-place — from its 
business-applied education, 
contract research from indus- 
try and spin-off profit-making 

Sir Henry Chilver, 
Cranfield’s elegant vice-chan- 
cellor, believes in giving the 
various centres an indepen- 
dence and freedom to devel- 
op, but they also have to make 
money. On the one hand they 
have an academic luxury, but 
on the other there is the 
responsibility to survive in the 
fiercely competitive and ever- 
changing world of technologi- 
cal development 

Some of the staff will talk 
sot to voce of the relatively high 

Cranfield fnstimip.of Technology is unique among British 
universities. It is unique because it specialises in advanced 
leaching and applied research in engineering, technology, 
management and public policy. It is unique in that the majority 
of its courses are at postgraduate level and are frequently aimed 
at the marurer student It is unique in that it is the largest centre 
for applied research, development and design for industry, 
commerce, defence and public services within Western Europe. 

The development of Cranfield Institute of Technology from its inception as the College 
of Aeronautics in 1946, through to the granting of a Royal Charter in 1969, the inclusion 
of Silsoe College and, more recently, the Royal Military College of Science as Faculties of 
the Institute, reflea the growing importance and widening scope of the work of the 
Institute, and its leadership in the increased collaboration between academia and industry 
so necessary for the wellbeing of the nation. 

The Institute currently operates on three campuses at Cranfield, Silsoe and Shrivenham. 
On each campus, applied research, postgraduate and post experience teaching are a 
feature of the work of every Cranfield School. There is constant interplay between these 
activities which fuels the unique synergy that has underpinned Cranfield's achievements 
over the last forty years. 

Please send me more information on: 

□ research and development activitites 

□ postgraduate courses* 

□ post experience short courses* 

* please specify the nature of course required. 

Return to John Blagden, Corperate Information Services, Cranfield 
Institute of Technology, Cranfield, Bedford MK43 OAL. 




June 26, 1986 

By Michael Hatfield 

Pictures by m*m McKeown 

i ? vvn 'V-v* ' “ 

& m 

% '( j&Sk. V f -i: 

V: i. ’•« %§>’ %. ■ 

incidence of colleagues having 
heart attacks. But they will 
also relate how people stay for 
either a year or for life. 
Undeniably, Cranfield has an 
attractive environment. The 
campus is graced with winding 
roads and lawns dotted with 
trees: there is a tennis court 
and a sports field. 

There is never a shortage of 
students. More than 9,000 
attended degree and continu- 
ing study courses this year and 
five yearn ago there were more 
than 6,000. In 198S more than 
4,000 students applied for 
degree courses and less than 
25 per cent could be accepted. 

But Cranfield. unable to 
survive and prosper on De- 
partment of Education'grants 
and student fees alone, has to 
live, as Sir Henry describes it. 
at the “coalface” of industrial 
and technological develop- 
ment There are sessions to 
spot the worldwide strategic 
areas of growth so that 
Cranfield not only can get a 
slice of the action in the way of 
winning contracts for research 
projects, but also can be called 
in for its expertise. 

For the past five years the 
Flight Systems and Develop- 
ment Laboratories of the Col- 
lege of Aeronautics have been 
working successfully with Lo- 
tus on “active suspension” for 
formula one raring cars. Too 
expensive as yet to go into 
mass-production, it allows the 
car to “float” round corners at 
high speeds. 

The School of Industrial 
Science, with its multi-disci- 
plines ranging from metallur- 
gical engineering to marine 
technology, have a team carry- 
ing out research to spot when 
an oil rig develops a gammy 
leg. The early detection of 

The key 


structural fatigue would save 
the oil and gas industries 
millions of pounds. 

The solution is to corset the 
legs with optical fibres, each 
leg having a light at its top so 
that if a fibre is broken 
because of leg movement or 
fatigue the light will dim. The 
problem is how to get the 
corset round legs standing 
many feet under water. 

It is ideas of this kind — 
hundreds of them, covering 
the spectrum of technology — 
that bring in the money. Sir 
Henry expects his 200 aca- 
demic staff not only to teach 
and undertake research, but 
also to explore those strategic 

Thereare no 
barriers to 
further growth 

areas of growth for new 

“With the institute’s turn- 
over of£50 million a year, that 
means they are generating 
wealth at £250,000 a head,” 
says Sir Henry. There can be 
little room for lame ducks, a 
thought which may have polit- 
ical-economic overtones, but 
neither Sir Henry nor the 
institute's ethos is 

generation and dissemination 
of ideas. 

He talks of “people per- 
forming best if they design the 
organizations in which they 
work”, citing, as one example, 
the teaching of management 
needing a different approach 
from that of biotechnology 

Cranfield, originally the in 
spiration of Sir Stafford 
Cripps as Minister of Aircraft 
Production, was founded as a 
College of Aeronautics in 1 946 
and given a Royal Charter in 
1969 when degree-awarding 
powers were granted by the 
Privy Council. 

Its objectives, as defined in 
the charter, are to “advance, 
disseminate and apply learn- 
ing in the disciplines of sci-. 
ences, engineering, technology ‘ 
and management.” and, fur- 
ther, “to promote and encour- 
age the application of that 
knowledge and learning to the 
practices or design, develop- 
ment and manufacture and 
the organization of industry 
and the public services”. 

In the very early days the 
Jeremiahs in academe and the 
market-place may have seen it 
as a “white elephant”, but its 
contribution today not only 
reaches out into the further- 
most parts of national indus- 
trial and technological 

Soaring ahead 
Professor John 
above, and Sir 
Henry Chflver, 
the vice- 
mixing research 



Cranfield has become expert 
at turning out masters and 
doctors for industry just as its 
vice-chancellor. Sir Henry 
Chilver, has become a master 
at getting the institute's re- 
search funds from whence they 

If one can talk about 
Cranfield’s success story on its 
40th anniversary — an opinion 
to be vouchsafed with little 
fear of contradiction — then 
much of it lies with Sir Henry 
and the staff he bus built 
around bim. 

Created vice-chancellor in 
1970, Sir Henry’ has become, 
effectively, Britain’s chief 
technologist, the country's 
. leading exponent of the crucial 
but hitherto neglected art of 
applying research efforts to 
useful products for industry. 

Beneath the elegant de- 
meanour there is clearly a 
restless and steely energy, but 
Sir Henry has shown what can 
be done by drive and determi- 
nation. An engineering aca- 
demic, he is a go-getter who, 
after a particularly busy day of 
energetic enterprise, has 
sometimes been found asleep 
in his office at three in the 

innovation, but stretches 
across the world. 

Links have been formed 
with not dissimilar establish- 
ments in Europe, and 
Cranfield's schools and col- 
leges have staff running 
courses in North America, 
Malaya and Cyprus for Mid- 
dle East concerns. 

Not only does it spawn new 
ideas and new colleges — such 
as the College of Manufactur- 
ing, or the Information Tech- 
nology Institute — but also sets 
up its own companies, such as 
Cranfield Aeronautical Ser- 
vices Ltd. orCranfield Mould- 
ed Structures Ltd. to compete 
in the market-place. 

It exists on a remit to push 
forward the frontiers of tech- 
nological knowledge, and Sir 
Henry sees no barriers to 
further growth. “Higher edu- 
cation is the business of 
advanced leaching and re- 

search, and that is a field 
without limit”, he says. 
“There is much to do and that 
is why education is the world’s 
oldest growth business.” 

Looking at that world with 
one perspective, he sees it as 
being filled with about 
100.000 institutions and 10 
million teachers associated 
with them, all part of a world 
business of enormous 

Set in that context, 
Cranfield, with its 200 teach- 
ers, is. in Sir Henry's word, 
“peanuts”, but, he adds: “Our 
aim is to be the best” That is 
why, he says. Cranfield goes 
for quality rather than 

If research and educational 
enlightenment are Cranfield’s 
aims, the spirit of 
entrepreneural activity is its 


The product of traditional 
universities — Bristol. Cam- 
bridge and London — he has 
paved an independent path 
since be took over the vice- 
chancellorship, turning 
Cranfield into a profit-making 

Not only have businessmen 
been prepared U> back the 
institute with research grants, 
but they have also wished to 
harness his skills for their own 
purposes. Sir Henry sits on a 
number of company boards, 
including that of HiU Samuel, 
the merchant bank. 

Cranfield's ability to attract 
the financial support of indus- 
try and commerce may have 
attracted envy among other 
universities, but Sir Henry 
believes that the institute’s 
approach could be applied 
equally well to whole areas of 
the arts. 

As for the Cranfield of the 
future he sees it as becoming a 
powerful British institution, 
soon to match international 
institutions such as MIT and 
Georgia Tech. 

Not all the schemes — 
whether in meeting the educa- 
tional needs of students, all of 
whom are postgraduates, initi- 
ating new courses, or carrying 
out research projects — can be 
profit-making successes. One 
senior academic conjured up 
the analogy of a box of 


“You light one rocket and 
probably nothing happens; a 
second may travel 15ft; and a 
third may really take off and 
illuminate the sky. But each 
lime you have to stand back to 
see what happens,” he said, 
and added: “Remember, you 
are doing it in the dark.” 

The institute's policy is to 
place emphasis on advanced 
research work and the teach- 
ing that flows from it. The 
goal, says Sir Henry, is not just 
to be a large teaching machine. 

“The focus”, he says, “is 
based on the philosophy that 
the crucial quality of universi- 
ties is the generation of ideas, 
many of which have surpris- 
ingly wide application, but 
which often spring from rela- 
tively small-scale activity. 
Large teaching organizations 
play an important role in the 
dissemination of these ideas, 
but they are rarely major 
generators of ideas 

• .« 
i s i. i: 


we,toq : 


Sir Henry sees Cranfield as 
essentially a federation of 
centres, each geared to the 


| No company applauds 

r Cranfield's achievements 

more wholeheartedly than 

Because Plessey, like 
jw Cranfield, has proved that only by 
applied research can new technologies 

In the development of semi- 
conductors, for example, Plessey has 
invested heavily at its Caswell research 
centre for over 20 years. 

As a result, Plessey has the UK's only 
dedicated production facility for g allium 
arsenide integrated circuits, at Towcestei; 
while exports from Plessey 
Semiconductors have won the 1986 
Queen's Award. 

Similar sustained research and 
development has led to Plessey eminence 
in telecoms, defence electronics and 
microelectronics, too. 

At Plessey, as at Cranfield - when 
you get the R and D right, the marketing 
successes follow naturally. 

‘Congratulations to Cranfield on your 40th Anniversary 53 

Wimbome ■ Dorset ■ England 8H?1 2BJ Tel: CD202T 932121 Telex: 41247 -Fax: [Group 2 S 33 [0202] 880098' 

PLESSEY and Ike pUsuy>jwM art iruJt marks of! he plenty Company pic 

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School of 

Mechanical Engineering 

The School of MecHonical Engineering 
offers Msc and Ph.D activities 
in the following areas: 

* Energy and Buildings 

* Energy conservation and the 

EnviroflMfit i 

* Energy Studies ^ 

* Engineering Mechanics j 

* Fasts Element Stress end 

Vibration Analysis 

* Madiine Design 

* Thermal Power, 

With the following options: 

- Gas Turtle Technology 

- Rotating MecWneiy Engineer 

mg end Management 

- Combustion end Rwis 
. Aerospace Propulsion 

- Turtwmschinery Research 

* Automotive Product 


* Pump and Valve Design and 


• Noise and vibration of Rotating * Pump and Valve oeagn 
Machines I Technolo gy 

Enquiries are invited from Scientists. Engineers and Mathemati- 
cians and from industries and government departments with an 
interest in the above fields. 

Forth* wnicnje* urn h ob ta i ne d fa« 

The Tutor far Mamma ffitef.i432} f Stool of Madamai tapmncQ. 
C Cranfield Instants af ftcMogy. CranSdd, BadM MK43 QAL 

\ T* BaS*d {0234) 750111. &t271B. Tdn 825072. 


i manufacturers of complex 


We congratulate 
Cranfield Institute 
on 40 years of achievement 
and look forward to 
a continuing association in 
innovative technology. 

TEL (0438) 354328 IX: 825368 

One of the UK’s 

most advanced aerospace projects.... 

started life as a BAe Hawk trainer aircraft 
Newly modified by Cranfield with computer 
linked flight controls from Fairey it flies with 
the agilitfy of the 1990’s European Fighter. For 
test pilots, not trainees. 

Hydraulics Limited 

An operating company withm Farey Hgtongs Lmwm. 
l fee Bnqaumng Seaot ol Rearsoi pic. 



Rusion Gas Turbines Limited. A GEC .Company, is a world 
ka dcr in industrial gas turb ines.' 

Over 2300 Rusion gas turbines, covering a power range 
from l,875bhp to 66,000bhp, operate in 66 countries. The 
Company has four Queen's Awards for Export and one for 
Te chnological Achievemen t 

For many years. Rusion has worked closely with the 
Cranfield Institute of Technology on research projects 
relating to gas turbine development and has used Cranfield 
courses for students and graduates and to assist mature 
engineers in keeping pace with the latest dcvfopmcnts. 

To maintain its position as a major force in the gas turbine 
industry. Rusion needs bright young engineers with 
ambition and enthusiasm to continue Injecting new 
technology -into its products. This is the challenge for the 
future for our Engineering team and we want to hear from 
young men and women who want to join it 



The business is 
in the air 

26 m 



z rn 

S 3 

'Happy 40th' 
from all of us at 
DB Design 

8 3 

« TEL:(0438) 313488 TELEX:826255 FAX.313485 5 

While a group of aeronautics 
students were being taught 
thousands of feet above the 
ground in a Jetstream turbo- 
prop flying classroom labora- 
tory recently, a twin-engined 
Aztec executive plane 
“crashed” in the Cranfield 
grounds of the College of 

Only a select few know the 
reason for the “crash” — the 
tutors who dropped the Aztec 
from a towering crane, in a 
simulated accident It is for 
the 18 students from countries 
as far apart as Canada and 
Australia, as distant as Brazil 
and Egypt, to diagnose the 
cause. They were all taking 
part in an aircraft accident 
investigation course. 

The Jetstream — decked out 
with banks of dials behind 
which students sit monitoring 
its movements as it pitches 
and yaws — and the Aztec 
exercises are part of the length 

Wide areas of 

and breadth of the , college 
facilities. Those in the 
Jetstream could be postgradu- 
ates on one- or two-year MSc 
courses; those involved with 
the Aztec staying for only 
seven weeks. 

The College of Aeronautics, 
started 40 yeara ago, is the core 
around which the Cranfield 
Institute of Technology was 
built and it now reaches out 
into wide areas of scientific 
and technological innovation. 
Today the College represents 
one-quarter of the institute's 
teaching effort, but it also has 
its own engineering work- 
shops and laboratories com- 
peting in the commercial 
world of aviation. 

Thai Jetstream could be 
stripped and loaded with in- 
struments to analyse pollution 
above power stations on a 
contract for the Central Elec- 
tricity Generating Board. 
Even more esoteric, the al- 
lege boffins have produced a 
revolutionary computerized 
flight control system for the 
Harrier to integrate the con- 
ventional movements of an 
I aircraft to the Harrier’s unique 
qualities of vertical thrust 

Mike Sheehan, commercial 
director, says the spectrum 
and type of work undertaken 
is indicative of the capability 
of the unit and is an integral 
part of the total aeronautical 
expertise of the college. 

An endless stream of differ- 
ent aircraft passes through the 
No 2 hangar, from Battle of 
Britain Spitfires to an autogi- 
ro, from a Harrier to a 
microlight Contracts for the 
unit range in value from £100 
to several million pounds. 

While the engineering unit 
centres on aeronautical de- 
sign, development and flight 
test activities, the academic 
staff tutor students in a wide 
range of postgraduate courses, 
as diverse as aerodynamics 
and flight and a Ashore struc- 

tures, from bio-aeronautics to 
applied psychology. 

The aim is to equip engi- 
neers for positions of high 
technical responsibility in the 

aircraft industry* air transport 
industry, and the technical 
branches of the armed and 
civil services. The study of 
offshore structures is a devel- 
opment aimed at meeting the 
national need, for engineers 
train extensively at postgradu- 
ate level for work in the 
offshore gas and ofl industries. 

The two-year MSc course is 
bio-aeronautics course is de- 
signed for science graduates 
with an interest in aircraft and 
flying, and in the use of 
aircraft in the discovery, de- 
velopment and protection of 
natural and biological 
resources. It therefore means 
lectures and laboratory studies 
in not only forestry and public 
health, in pest identification 
and control, but also in aero- 
dynamics, the theory and 
practice of flight, navigation 
and meteorology. 

Walking through its huge 
hangar there can be seen on 
the ground beside the wind 
tunnels, the workbenches, a 
small model of an ofl rig, a 
caravan and a car— the college 
carried out work for the 
Caravan Club on the interac- 
tion of cross-winds on the two 

Professor John StoUery, 
head of the college, says that 
graduates who have left during 
the past 10 years are now 
working on the space shuttle, 
on the successor to the Harrier 
and on aerospace technology 
learnt through the develop- 
ment of Concorde. They also 
contribute to offshore rig tech- 
nology. to automotive design, 
to airline management, to 
improvements in arming and 
forestry and the control of 
agriculture and public health 
pests throughout the third 

Extending limits 
of knowledge 

Students accepted on the 
course will be expected to 
become proficient in the use of 
the wide range of equipment 
that has bear specially de- 
signed to extend the limits of 
knowledge in the chosen 

Every student is expected to 
complete four hours’ dual 
control flying in one of the 
college's Beagle Pup two-seat 
trainer aircraft. After this ba- 
sic training, a further four 
hours’ flying at subsidized 
rates is provided, normally 
taking a pilot to solo. 

While there are 200 MSc 
and PhD students in a given 
year, there are also on average 
a further 600 short-course 
students. These latter courses 
range from one-week primers 
in baric subjects to specialist 
courses, up to eight weeks in 
dotation, on tomes such as 
software engineering and air 
transport planning and 

Mechanics of creating wealth 

The School of Mechanical 
one of the three 


the wealth creation process. 

Like the growth of 
resources, die school has ex 
panded rapidly during the past 
decade. It embraces a wide 
range of research and academ- 
ic courses to meet the growing 
needs of industry, defence and 
the technical branches of the 

public services. 

“We provide a unique mix 
of theory and practice’*, says 
Professor RJL JFleteber, head 
of the school. Its programme 
of contract research, at more 
than £13 million, is the largest 
of any British university. 

There are a score of disci- 

plines, from thermal power to 
energy conservation, from 
automotive product engineer- 
ing to the development of 
turbo technology. Its full-time 
students taking MSc and PhD 
courses are more than 200, . 
with a total, staff complement : 
of 100 academic, professional 
research, technical and aca- 
demic support staff 
The school has extensive 
research facilities, boasting 
many of which are rare in the 
university sector. A selfco re- 
tained research site, spread 
over eight hectares, includes 
workshop and fitting facilities. 

A number of test cells are 
equipped with a standard test 
stands for full-scale compres- 
sor and combustion studies. 
The cells have advanced in- 
strumentation facilities, in- 
cluding hot wire and laser 
anemometry, particle sizing 
and computer controlled data 
acquisition and control f 
systems. I 

Their use extends beyond I 

Man and machine: Professor Ron Fletcher, top, and a 
Concorde engine, above, being worked on by students 

the activities of the academics, a! areas of energy, propulsion 
reseaicbers and Masters stu- and power, and mechanical 
dents to those from industry integrity. The sponsored re- 
who are taken on for short- search programme supports 
term courses, attended fry the full-time professional staff 
more than 500 visitors each working in teams. Added to 
year, from abroad as well as this is the student research 
the UK. effort, representing an annual 

The school is organized into input of 50 man-years. • 
several specialist groups with The Thermal Power Group, 
research interests m the gener- for instance, has developed 

specialist facilities and exper- 
tise for combustion research, 
particularly in. relation to- the 
gas turbine. A small team 
worked closely with GEC 
Rusion Gas Turbines on thi 
development of the combus- 
tion chamber and first st^je 
turbine blading for the 
ny’s recently launched 
p Tornado engine. 

The Turbo-machinery Re- 
search Group, as pan of its 
work, is seeking to improve 
compressor performance fix an 
area of vital concern to the 
aero-engine industry. In, the 
highly competitive comn^er- 
rial airline business even 
small improvements in engine 
efficiency represent significant 
fuel savings for the operator. 

The Applied Energy Group 
studies energy use, conserva- 
tion and management. It con- 
sistsi of seven full-time 
academic staff. 12 research 
engineers and 84 full-time 

The aim of this particular 
MSc: course is to produce 
engineers who have an 
depth understanding of energy 
— its use and conservationTlt 
trains personnel who need;to 
possess an exact understand- * 
ing of the energy implications 
of their decisions. The pur- 
pose is to meet the growing 
demand for eneigy<pns2bus 
ineers and managers. !. 
bey are all only part- of 
Professor Fletcher’s “uniqpe 
mix of theory of practice” 
which attracts to the school 
engineering graduates and 
well-qualified physicists, 
mathematicians, chemists sad 
other scientists. 


National Westminster Bank 
sends congratulations to 
Cranfield Institute of Technology 
on its 40th Anniversary 

Congratulations to Cranfield on 40 years’ 
contribution to innovation in industry arid commerce: 

This year is also the 40th anniversary 
of Tektronix and weare very proud to be involved 
with Cranfield in theformation of toe new Institute 
of Information Technology, 

Tektronix fuily supports this significant development 
. to technological higher education which is a 
milestone in collaboration between industry and 
. ; education. 

Together, we can make the next 40 years 
even more successful. 

TELEPHONE: (0522J 25212 





A Rolls Royce 

service style 

While business schools came 
under ihe- hammer last year in 
a controversial report, mainly 
. .On the grounds that they 
: should be privatized, the 

.'. : 4 . Given . . the profit-making 
i '.jrtbos Of . the institute, the 
. . expanding School of Manage- 
", ment.had a turnover of £4.5 
-^4Blilion. Jast year. The school 
'-.“offers courses in all aspects of 
•: .--panageria] skills. Almost 20 
per cent of those in the UK 
udio' received ;a Master of 
Business Administration de- 
gree last year, graduated from 


> But the school's own busi- 
ness-does not end there. There 
are 2.000 managers every year 
who -are sponsored . by their 
’ companies to attend general 
. management programmes, 
F specialist short courses and 
“tailor-made'” in-company 
programmes. . 

In addition the school' has 
brought together teams of 
specialists to -create four 

• Enterprise development, to 
.' promote small-scale enter- 
- T pnses in developing countries; 

Small business, responsible 
7 for promoting small firm ini- 
• ' natives in ih^UKand Europe; 
^-•.Business policy, responsible 
’ - ibr teaching and research into 
the field of strategic manage- 
riniennand - 

• Entrepreneurship research, 
designed as a focal point for 

r research into small businesses. 

While the students of the 
school may be seen as the 
V“derks" by ihe . rest of the 
institute's population — they 
' get their own back by refer- 
ence to the “metal workers”. 

months of horror'" dieesdng. 
what was presented to him 
before “enjoying and valuing 
every minute”. 

The school, unlike other 
schools which accept post- 
graduate students straight 
from university into MBA 
courses, insists on students 
first having practical experi- 
ence. of the working world. 
Though the minimum of prac- 
tical experience has been 
_ dropped to three years from 
four, the.actual average indus- 
trial or commercial experience 
of students is about' seven 

The * work*, is inteoifive. . 
When tutors talk of a 52-week - 
course they mean almost pre- 
- cisely that. 

The young manager on a 
three-week programme will be 
laughtibe skills of finance and 
. managerial accounting, opera- 
tions management, market- 

ing. managerial economics, 
information systems and tech- 



A profit-making 
ethos that pays 




There. seems Utile doubt that 
. the school has an involvement 
.with industry and commerce 

- that few of its competitors can 

’ " . It is an involvement tied in 

- with the school’s “in- 
" company” service. The group 
. undertakes extensive manage- 
; ,ment development training 
f. with companies to help them 
" overcome organizational and 

growth problems: 
v Companies that have used 
the facilities include Rolls- 
Royce. Austin Rover. British 
Telecom. Jaguar and the Mid- 
: land Bank. 

“ :.The serviceprovidedoavers 

initial research to identify the 
problem, .management devel- 
"Opmenl planning; detailed 

S mme design, and the 
Dentation and piloting 
of schemes. To participate in 
* ' the service can be to volunteer 
for a sweat-shop of corporate 
- self-analysis. J.ust as a student 
pndertaking the MBA course 
I talked . of an initial . ”six 

information systems and tech- 
nology. human resource and 
business policy. 

The syllabus of his senior 
counterpart will be built 
round a programme to devel- 
op; an integrated view of 

The whole operation — 
MBA courses, general man- 
agement short courses — is 
conducted in a relatively new 
building, which successfully 
combines the formal environ- 
ment of . learning with ' an 
informal atmosphere to allow 
contemplative study. 

But post-graduate studies 
do not stop here. Eadfyearthe 
universities are scoured for 
graduates who would like to 
run their own small business. 
The successful applicants — 
last year 40 were chosen from 
an initial 1.500 — will partici- 
pate in . the school's graduate 
enterprise programme run by 
Professor Paul Bums, who is | 
-responsible for small business 
development • 

The course - lasts for 16 
weeks but the programme of 
support lasts 18 months, al- 
lowing the graduate to receive 
counselling, further training 
and cash grants. Backed by the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion. and supported by such 
companies as British Petro- 
leum and the National West- 
minster Bank, the GEP 
scheme is worth more than 
£6.000 to those lucky enough 
to get on the programme 
(£8,000 for those graduates 
who qualify for enterprise 

if Already the school is chalk- 
ing up a list of successful 
.enterprises, ranging from a 
revolutionary buggy-style 
folding bicycle to. creating a 
knitwear company. 

The Business Policy Centre, 
under the direction of Profes- 
sor David Norbum, is respon- 
sible for teaching and research 
in the field of strategic man- 

Congratulations to 


on the occasion 
- - of their - 

40th Anniversary 



Division of Litton UK Ltd. 

Collaborators in Design and Manufacture 
of High Technology Precision Machine 

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Pioneers on the 
hi-tech front 

Professor John Crookall addressing a technical problem with some of his students 

Sponsors that make all the difference 

The largest concentration in Britain of ' 
post-graduate teaching and research in 
manufacturing (65 per cent) can be 
round at Cranfield. In a modem block 
alongside the institute 's airfield is the 
recently created College of Manufactur- 
ing, handling 200 postgraduates and 600 
people ' from Industry on short courses 
every year. 

With its staff of 80, the college has a 
multi-million pound sponsored research 
programme — total tinnover is. £3.5 
million with last year’s earnings from 
industry at £500,000 — on the leading 

Created more than a year ago out of 
tile merger of two other Cranfield 
schools, the college has led In the field in 
introducing new MSc courses such as 
applied robotics, manufacturing systems 
engineering, and flexible mamnac tnring 
systems, and developing the EITB 
fellowship scheme In manufacturing 
management. • 

The 10 MSc courses are designed to 

provide a balance and complementary 
portfolio covering the wide range iff 
manufacturing engineering, from initial 
conceptual design, through detailed 
design to manufacturing processes, to 
the design and simnlatmg of complete 
manufacturing systems. 

The school makes no pretence that a 
single course could be expected to cover 
adequately this wide range of topics. 
However, its courses are stru c ture d 
around the belief that postgraduate 
engineers should have a broad aware- 
ness of the disciplines in the range, in 
addition to having a much deeper 
working knowledge and experience of 
their own specialist subject. 

As an essential pact of its entirely 
practical training, the college nms major 
group or team projects sponsored by 
l eading companies. They are projects 
that provide substantial help in ad- 
vanced manufacturing and design to the 
sponsors, and at modest cost 

Students, in the words of Professor 

Jack Dmsdale, are “given the ball and 
they have to run with ft.” Few faQ to get 
over the tine. Many of the projects have 
resulted in “world-first” innovations 
and developments. 

Each team of students, under the 
overall direction of a staff supervisor, is 
given responsibility for the creation of a 
new machine system in response to a 
sponsor's specification. Not only do the 
students design, manufacture, test and 
develop their prototype machine, but 
they also bear the brant of the project's 

Projects have included a machine for 
saving time and money for the fur- 
trading company, Hudsons Bay and 
Armings, which automatically picks out 
the various colour shades of pelts and 
sorts them. 

A new institute for advanced 
teaching and research in com- 
puter-integrated manufactur- 
ing, backed by industry to the 
tune of £3.5 million, is being 
established at Cranfield next 
vear. Its aim: to become the 
focal point of C1M in the 
United Kingdom. 

Computer-integrated man- 
ufacturing means the total 
automation of all manufactur- 
ing processes, from the acqui- 
sition of raw material through 
to the finished product. Equal- 
ly, it is concerned with the 
integration of manufacture 
and with design and innova- 
tion through CAD^CAM 

CIM includes both tactical 
and strategic management 
control, as well as product 
development, marketing data 
and management 


Thriving on the frontiers of 
scientific and technological 
knowledge, as Cranfield does, 
the objective of the CIM 
institute is to ensure that 
manufacturing companies in- 
troduce effective computer- 
integrated manufacturing as 
rapidly as possible. 

IBM is co-operating strong- 
with Cranfield in the devd- 

Company sponsors include IBM, 
Hewlett-Packard, Texas Instruments, 
British United Show Manufacturing, 
Metal Box and Crosfield Electronics. 

ly with Cranfield in the devel- 
opment of the CIM institute. 
Support from the IBM Trust is 
likely to exceed £2.5 million. 
The Ford Motor Company 
has covenanted £250,000 over 
five years to support a'leading 
professorship in manufactur- 
ing quality within the comput- 
er-integrated environment. 

With a planned staff of 
about 50, the institute aims to 
provide an appropriate basic 
teaching in CIM for universi- 
ties, polytechnics and colleges, 
particularly the teaching staff 
in CIM technology. As well as 
the full-time permanent teach- 
ing, research programming 
and suppori staff, tiie institute 

will invite experts in CIM 
from IBM and other compa- 
nies and universitites to con- 
tribute to the teaching, 
research and development. 

Housed within the two- 
storey building will be a wide 
range of leading-edge comput- 
er technologies. They will 
include colour-graphics simu- 
lation. three-dimensional col- 
our solid modelling CAD- 
CAM, expen systems for 
manufacturing decision mak- 

Designed to have national 
and international impact on 
the development ofCiM tech- 
nology, the institute's primary 
thrusts will be in three key 

•Advanced teaching and 
training at master's level 
through an MSc course in 

• Broadly based training for 
senior personnel in manufac- 
turing industry, whose compa- 
nies are determined to lead in 
the appraisal, development 
and implementation of CIM; 

• Research and dvelopmeni 
of CIM through the longer- 
term CIM institute Fellows' 
Programmes. These will estab- 
lish CIM development and 
implementations through the 
Cranfield system of industrial 
group projects sponsored by 
leading companies. 

It sees as its purpose the 
creation of the means for 
manufacturing companies to 
maximize their corporate ob- 
jectives, including return on 
total investment, using the 
most comprehensive, flexible 
and instantaneous computing 

For Cranfield, with its 
unique relations with manu- 
facturing industry in the UK 
and abroad, the new institute 
is seen as another leap along 
the frontiers of science and 

Over the years the Ctnqfipld 
institute of Technology has 
developed ah expertise in 
minding and developing its 
own business. In seven years, 
nine separate companies have 
been formed. 

Cranfield Research and De- 
velopments Ltd was started in 
1975. Its aims are to manufac- 
ture, market and sell products 
and services emanating from 
the work of the institute and 
from other sources. In other 
words, it exploits for commer- 
cial; purposes its own academ- • 
ic and research expertise while 

An expert at running its own show 

contributing on an increasing 
scale to the overall level of 

scale to the overall level of 
activity withih the institute. 

... Originally organized : dn a 
divisional basis, the company 
now acts as a holding compa- 
ny for the many subsidiary 
companies that embrace a 
wide variety of products and 

. Cranfield Aeronautical Ser- 
vices. Ltd is the commercial 
arm of the College of Aeronau- 

tics. The company can offer 
design, manufacturing, instal- 
lation^ flight and ground test, 
and maintenance services to 
government agencies and 
commercial organizations 

Cranfield Data Systems and 
its associated North American 
company, G.P. Data Systems, 
was established to market, sell 
and support signal processing 
systems developed by engi- 
neers and software specialists 
in the Signal Processing and 
Applications Group at the 

“ The group, in addition to 
supplying “turnkey” systems 
solutions, is constantly using 
and developing new signal 
process techniques to tackle 
current engineering problems. 
Installed systems provide cus- 
tomers with state-of-the-art 
technology in rotating ma- 

chinery dynamics, model 
analysis, acoustics, medical 
analysis, engine test cell data, 
fatigue life estimation and 
general signal processing 

Systems are installed 

Turnkey systems 
offer one sohition 

throughout the world, includ- 
ing Rolls-Royce and the Royal 
Aircraft Establishment in En- 
gland, Rockwell, Garrett Tur- 
bine Engineering Centre and 
United Technology in North 
America, and Volks wagon 
and Selenia in Europe. 

Every campus needs a 

bookshop, but the institute 
goes a step further. Cranfield 
Information Technology Ltd 
not only runs bookshops on 
the three campuses but now 
has a bookshop in Milton 
Keynes. It is also supplying 
other institutions, such as 
universities and public 

CTT Ltd is rapidly moving 
into the supply of books by 
mail order, especially in areas 
where Cranfield has academic 
strength. For example aero- 
nautics. military science, ener- 
gy. management,' robotics, 
biotechnology and informa- 
tion technology. 

Cranfield Precisions Sys- 
tems Ltd originated from the 
sale of products which began 

as systems designed, devel- 
oped and manufactured by the 
Cranfield Unit for Precision 
Engineering as product inno- 
vations. Its products and ser- 
vices include precision 
motion systems for testing 
and calibrating avionic equip- 
ment and control system mod- 
ules such as power amplifiers 
and servo drive packages. 

NMHC Consulting Ltd is 
the commercial consultancy 
arm of the National Materials 
Handling Centre. The new 
emphasis in material handling 
technology is on linking infor- 
mation technology with 

Cranfield Moulded Struc- 
tures Ltd has developed 
around a new structural mate- 

rial called Granitan SiOO. The 
Crookson Group agreed to 
invest in the company and in 
1989 will have the option of 
acquiring a controlling inter- 
est. This will mean Cranfield 
is exporting back to UK 
industry a folly-fledged com- 
pany that evolved directly 
from the institute's develop- 
ment expertise. 

This year three new 
Cranfield companies have 
been formed. Cranfield Im- 
pact Centre Ltd which pro- 
vides consultancy services in 
the design and manufacture of 
crashworthy structures and 
micro-electronic equipment. 
Computer Aided Engineering 
Ltd. whose purpose is to 
market, support and develop 
software for computer aided 
engineering and computer aid- 
ed design and Transbioiech. 


- Robotics 
Division - 

Biotechnology Centre 

Offers complete systems 
assessment and operational 
development for 
Robotic Assembly and 
manufacturing cells. 

Manufacturers of the 
Cleveland “Paramatic” 
Robot Hand. 

Please contact 

Cleveland-Guest (Engineering) Ltd., 
North Valley Road, Colne, Lancs. 

Tel: (0282) 864284 

Telex: 635024 

The Biotechnology Centre is a unique 
organisation operating in association with the 
Leicester Biocentre with a joint director. The 
combined operation represents the largest 
University Biotechnology Centre in the UK 
and specialises in industrially orientated 
research. The centre also offers consultancy 
and testing services to industry and advanced 
training via PhD studies. It fields 
internationally renowned scientists in the 
areas of; Biosensors, bioelectronics, 
bioconversion, genetic engineering, microbial 
physiology, protein engineering, biochemical 
engineering, biodeterioration and 
enviromental biotechnology. 


puts the 




Design, development and 
manufacture of precision 
machining and measuring 

Contact: Professor John Higgins 
Tel: 0234-752738 

Telephone Bedford (0234) 752721 

me gap 

RMCS Provides 

Degree Courses. . . 


a unique business 

It’s vital that, as a leading aerospace and 
medical systems company, we remain at 
the forefront of -new technologies and 
new ideas. 

• BEng in Civil Engineering 

• BEng in Mechanical Engineering 

• BSc in Applied Science 

• BEng in Electronic Systems Engineering 

• BSc in Command & Control Communication 
and Information Systems 

• BEng BSc in Information Technology 

A wide range of research & development 

High calibre and high technology 
engineering consultancy 
Testing and non-dcstructive testing 
using tailor-made test rigs and equipment 
Conference, syndicate and symposium 
facilities, plus full support services 

That’s why we regard our links with 
Cranfield as so important. Here as 
elsewhere is living proof that the gap 
between education and industry has been 
successfully bridged, for the good of all- 

Showing that Industry Year 1986 is a 
reality, as well as an idea. 

•Wiiur j $$ : 

_-*p' ~ 

For further information. please contact. 

Mike Groves, Dept. K85, Faculty 
Development Officer, RMCS Shrivenham, 
Swindon, Wilts SN6 8LA- Tel: Swindon 
(0793) 782551 curt. 2*34 
Telex: 265871 Ref: WJJ 110 


Royal Military College of Science 


Crar.fieic institute ct Technology 

provide! dcodemc 2nd rescvrr.h 
suopon for the Ministry 01 Defence 
dne industry at RMCS Shnvenham 

f » 


Welbeck College. 

The Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. 

The Royal Military College . ■ 
of Science, Shrivenham. 

We’ve put together an 

The Army has an increasing need for Officers 
with science and engineering qualifications. 

If you are studying^’ levels and are wondering 
w hat to do with your life you owe it to yourself to 
consider what we offer. 

Even if you’re sure you’re going to make acareer 
in industry, time spent with us could accelerate your 
progress w'hen you do. 

Science 4 A’ levels at Welbeck. 

If you expect to get high grades in Maths and 
Science ‘O’ levels and you have the qualities required 
of an Officer, you may win a place at Welbeck, our 
residential Sixth Form College for boys. 

The atmosphere is that of an up-to-date 
progressive boarding school. 

Academic standards are high, in fact on average 
two thirds of our students go on to take university 
degrees, either before or after Sandhurst. At the 
same time great emphasis is placed on all round 
development and character building. 

There is no more military training than at 
many other boarding schools (about 4 hours a week 
with the Combined Cadet Force). 

There are facilities for most sports and adven- 
ture training. 

Our students come from every type of school 

and family background. 

We will be happy to arrange for potential 

students and their parents to visit Welbeck and 
to see the College and its beautiful surroundings 

first hand. 

Sandhurst will make a man of you. 

The Welbeck curriculum is designed to pre- 
pare you for your seven months at Sandhurst 
where you’1.1 learn what being an Officer is all 

about and a good deal more. 

We’ll test your courage, your stamina and 
your initiative. 

We’ll give you confidence in yourself and 
your ability as a leader. 

We’ll train you to manage and to take responsi- 
bility for others. 

We’ll push you to your limit. You’ll emerge 
knowing how to lead men, how to keep them fit and 
eager in peace, how to lead them in action and how 
to look after them at all times. 

Sandhurst is a prelude to a specialised Young 
Officers Course. During this period the things you’ve 
learnt are applied to your own particular arm 
or service. You will gain an enhanced ability to 
command your own platoon or troop of highly 
trained soldiers. 

In short, before your twenty-first birthday you’ll 
have had a course in man- management and have 
assumed a level of responsibility that probably 
wouldn’t come your way in industry until your 

A degree at Shrivenham. 

At Shrivenham you would read for a BSc or 
REng in Applied Science, Civil, Mechanical, Aero- 
nautical or Electrical Engineering, Communications 
and Information Systems or InformationTechnology. 

These degrees are recognised by major profes- 
sional institutions and accepted by industry. 

Apart from strictly military science for which 
Shrivenham is uniquely well equipped and staffed, 
the College has a nuclear accelerator and other 
‘state of the art’ equipment that is the envy of civilian 

Each student is obliged to complete a research 
project as part of his course. Sometimes this leads to 
valuable discoveries which are taken up by industry. 

Not all Welbexians go to Shrivenham, some go 
to civilian universities. 

The student body at Shrivenham comes from 
a variety of backgrounds: civilian life, the Royal 
Navy, Royal Air Force, Civil Service, the Women’s 
Services and from serving Army Officers. 

Graduates can take second degrees, and there 
are also numerous specialist options to choose from. 
Later in their careers technical and scientific courses 
are available to students going to Staff College. 

Shrivenham is a big, busy growing college in . 
pursuit of excellence in everything it does. 

You may of course apply direct for Sandhurst, 
but if you can obtain a place at Welbeck and follow 
through with Sandhurst and Shrivenham you’ll' 
receive an education second to none. 

Possibly after Sandhurst you may decide you’ve 
had enough studying and want to get on with your 
job as an officer rather than trying for a degree course. 

Many jobs in the Army don’t require graduates 
to do them and you can have a very successful 
career without getting a degree, but science and 
technology are becoming much more important 
and as we said we need more qualified people. 

If you want to know more, write to Major John 
Floyd, Dept L601, Army Officer Entry, Empress 
State Building, Lillie Road, London S W6’ 1TR. 

Tell him your date of birth, place of study and 
the qualifications you are working towards. 

Or M 

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In its School of Industrial 
Science, the Cranfield Insti- 
tute of Technology has a 
remarkable combination of 
fl|h technology equipment 
and a team of scientists and 
technologists with expertize in 
solving problems related di- 
rectly to indnstxy. It is a 
unique centre for postgraduate 
training and contract research, 
and spans a vast number of 

Its services are available to 
any firm, with the obvious 
proviso that the particular 
problem can be attacked prop- 
erty within' one of the seven 
main departments into which 
the school & organized. But 
that provides a large umbrella 
of expertise.. . 

There are departments ded- 
icated to innovation in well- 
established. areas like 
engineering, metallurgy and 
welding., and joining. Then 
there are laboratory test-beds , 
and specialists in younger 
science-based industries, such 
as molecular electronics and 

In a. similar van, depart- 
ments specialize, in marine 
technolgy,. industry and in 
development agencies. Tech- 
nicians have bieen perfected 
for monitoring the behaviour 
of various structures to be 
used offshore . - 

Other spedal fodlllies for 
research into energy conver- 
sion processes See coal gasifi- 
cation allows for the 
environmental impact of nov- 
el technologies. There are few 
places where - this type of 
detailed study can be done. 

The schorl evolved in its 
present form to meet a partic- 
ular emphasis Thai Cranfield 
adopted toward training and 
research Jinked with the in- 
dustrial application of science. 
It was to ensure that those 
activities were not just more 
closely connected with current 
innovation, but they were a 
direct stimulus for 

Professor Peter Hancock, 
the head of the school, stresses 
a philosophy of “working with 
partners” rather than “for 
them.” If he has a disappoint- 
ment it is in the relatively 
small number of medium size 

firms which exploit the 
schoors resources. 

He says it is stimulating and 
rewarding to work on pro- 
grammes with big companies, 
like GEC-Marcoai, ICI or 
Shell, who are among the 
leaders in technological devel- 
opment. But be “ideally 
we would like to be the 
catalyst for more medium-size 
ones. They could probably 
benefit more in proportion to 
the scale of the work.” 

Professor Hancock says that 
one remarkable aspect of this 
centre of industrial science is 
its ability to absorb a mixture 
of short, medium and long 
term work. Whereas six 
month or twelve month stud- 
ies, involving a young re- 
search in higher degree work, 
is typical of one type of work, 

■ a short but highly technical 

Copies of the 40th anniversary 
issue of Cranfield Review are 
available free from John 
Bhgden, Cranfield Press, 
CIT, Cranfield, Beds. MX43 
OAL. (0234 750111) 

investigation for an industrial- 
ist may take a matter of days. 
There can be as many as 150 
individuals on 'PhD and MSc 
— type of industrial — related 
research programmes at one 

At the other extreme, pro- 
grammes of basic science into 
the properties of materials and 
processes have - natural 
timescales over several years, 
which relates to the pace of 
innovation. In the short-term, 
work repeated experience 
shows the handicap feeing 
many smaller firms. Too few 
have technically qualified peo- 
ple to call on at senior 
management . level. So they 
either lack the expertize to 
understand the scope of the 
'resources and talent that a 
centre like Cranfield can put at 
its disposal, or there is often a 
communication gap between 
managers and technologists, 
which does not arise in the big 

The disadvantage of the 
shortage of technical expertise 
in the smaller firm often 
results in a company chasing 
the wrong problem. Again, 

experience has shown that a 
quality problem in manufac- 
turing is frequently attributed 
to poor materials. But when 
the matter is thoroughly test- 
ed, it is not often a question of 
specifying new materials. The 
issue is best settled in 

On another part - of the 
campus, new industries are 
already being boro from pio- 
neering at the Cranfield Bio- 
technology Centre. The group 
has already established an 
international reputation in, 
among other developments, 
advances in biosensors. 

In such a dynamic field, the 
biotechnology group is reck- 
oned to be the fastest growing 
and largest of the recently 
established centres. 

A team of 70 work at 
Cranfield with the director 
Professor John Higgins. But 
they collaborate with a team 
of 40 at the Leicester 
Biocentre of Leicester Univer- 
sity, to form what is believed 
to be the largest university 
biotechnology group in the 
UK. The major source of 
funding is from industry and 
the research and PhD pro- 
grammes are directly related 
to industrial needs. 

But the most fascinating 
initiative at Cranfield must be 
the International Eco-Tech- 
nology Centre. It was estab- 
lished under a donation from 
the Honda Foundation for 
Internationa] research in sci- 
ences and technologies which 
can contribute to. the well- 
being of this and fiiture gener- 
ations and their environment 

An army of scientists 

The Royal College of 
Military Science can be found 
hi a parkland estate 
between Oxford and 
Swindon. It has been there 
for 40 years, but it was only 
two years ago that 
Cranfield won the Ministry of 
Defence contract for the 
academic teaching and 
research facilities on what 
is now called the Sbrivenham 
campus. It comprises the 
Cranfield Faculty of Military 
Science Technology and 
Management and is led by the 
Principal and Dean, 

Professor Frank Hartley. 

Students are drawn from 
many countries, many of 
whom are planning a 
military career, but there are 
others who are aiming at 
civilian careers in order to 
prevent the college 
becoming a purely 
introspective organization. 

It provides an extensive 
teaching programme 
aimed at undergraduates 
(BSc) and postgraduates 
(MSc, DPhil and PhD), as 
well as staff officer and 
specialist courses covering the 
entire spectrum of defence 
engineering and management 

The civilian leaching staff 
provide the instruction in 
scientific and 

technological matters, and the 
Army directs staff lectures 
on the nature of the threat 

- , , . . . which it is the job of the 

On test: A te chn ici an tries out a new shock absorber at the Royal Military College of Science armed forces to counter. 

The Royal Ordnance 
Factories have established an 
operational analysis and 
systems assessment unit at 
Shrivenham, typifying the 
industry-academia interface 
which is the hallmark of 
the Cranfield campus. 

Farming with the aid of statistics from the sky 

As it blossoms from its 
embryo stage, the centre win 
build the interdisciplinary 
teams needed to explore the 
frontiers of molecular biology 
and genetic engineering. Also 
to develop novel materials 
through new processes and to 
investigate possible new meth- 
ods of communication. 

When agricultural engineers 
and tractor dealers petitioned 
successfully 25 years ago for a 
college to help to meet the 
needs of world agriculture, the 
possibility of them extracting 
. some of the vital data from a 
satellite orbiting the globe was 
little more than a dream. 

Now it is a reality. Geosta- 
tionary and orbital satellites 
provide a virtually unlimited 
data source on the natural 
resources of the earth and 
much of that data is analysed 
by Silsoe College, Cran field's 
Faculty of Agricultural Engi- 
neering, Food Production and 
Rural Land. 

Silsoe College research, or 
an aspjrct of it, is aimed at 
extracting and interpreting the 

images from satellites, such as 
LANDSAT, for solving practi- 
cal problems in agriculture, 
forestry and land resource 

It is now possible to predict 
crop yields by measuring spec- 
tral reflection of winter wheat 
in infra-red and • red 
wavebands during crop re- 
naissance. The next stage of 
the study — one of many 
carried out by the college — is 
to determine whether such 
predictions can be made by 
the much cheaper use of light 

The college has its own 
campus, 14 miles down the 
road from the institute and, in 

true Cranfield expansionist 

tradition, is working on fur- 
ther developments. 

There is the possibility of 
acquiring Bedford College 
Farm at Silsoe. enhancing 
considerably the educational 
and research potential of the 

The college, formerly 
known as the National College 
of Agricultural Engineering, 
arose out of a petition from 
organizations such as the In- 
stitution of Agricultural Engi- 
neers and the Tractor Dealers 
Association. They wanted a 
college to provide engineering 
support to meet the needs of 
wortd agriculture. 

Now it has nearly 400 
students from Britain and 
overseas on long and short 

A major 

The military link-up 

The last topic will have a 
practical implication “at 
home,” because the intention 
is to forge links with Japanese 
and European research 

for IT 

Pearce Wright 

Science Editor 

Learning without frontiers 

Cranfield expertise, like 
knowledge itself, admits to 
few boundaries. Its influence 
is being spread throughout the 
world. Not only are there 
thousands of overseas gradu- 
ates bearing Cranfield degrees, 
but research and development 
are also carried out in many 

In Europe a close connec- 
tion has been formed with the 
University of Technology at 
Compiegne, France, and a 
double degree scheme has 
been in operation since 1979. 
Under the scheme British 
engineers can study for the 
Diploroe dTngenieur and 
French students can study for 
the Cranfield MSc. 

There are plans for similar 
schemes with l’Ecole 
Nationale Superieure 
dTngenieurs de Constructions 
Aeronaut iques at Toulouse 
and PEcole Superieure de 

A further course is being 
undertaken at Compfegne by 
the Cranfield School of Man- 
agement. This European Man- 
agement of Technology 

programme is being held 
jointly with Compiegne and 
two other European institu- 
tions, the. Technischo 
Hochschuleof Aachen and the 
Institute of Management, In- 
novation and Technology in 

Cranfield has run a number 
of courses in the United States 
and has a strong connection 
with the University of 

Cranfield Data Systems Inc 
has recently been formed in 
Phoenix, Arizona, to market 
signal processing services de- 
veloped at GaafiekL 

Silsoe College, the Faculty 
of Agricultural Engineering, 
Food Production and Rural 
Land, has undertaken a vari- 
ety of consultancy work in the 
Mediterranean area in recent 

Silsoe staff are also found in 
many parts of Africa. They 

schemes in Ethiopia, a study 
of storage problems in Zam- 
bia, and the production of 
sugar cane in Sierra Leone. 

Even further afield the 
Cranfield influence bas spread 
to the Far East Silsoe bas 
carried out a study of agricul- 
tural machinery in Korea, and 
the College of Aeronautics 
continues to provide technical 
postgraduate training for Chi- 
nese graduates with the Peking 
Institute for Aeronautics and 

have taken part in a develop- 
ment in Sudan, where the 

ment in Sudan, where the 
agriculture minister is a Silsoe 

There have been training 

Cranfield has opened an 
office in Tokyo and there is 
strong collaboration with 
Honda, which, back in the 
UK. has funded the institute's 
International Eco-Technology I 
Research Centre, due to open 
this^ear. 1 

In Malaysia both the School 
of Management and Silsoe 
College are running a series of 
courses, and in Australia links 
have been established between 
Cranfield and the University 
of Queensland, as well as the 
University of Hobart, 

College of Manufacturing 

1-year MSc courses in 

Industrial Robotics 

Manufacturing Systems Engineering 

CADCAM of Production Machines 
& Systems 

Advanced Manufacturing Technology 

Industrial Engineering 

Flexible Manufacturing. Systems 

Design of Production Machines 
& Systems 

Management Science & 

Computer Applications 

Computer Integrated Manufacture 

It will be a showpiece for 
information technology (XT) 
where all aspects of the subject 
will be taught with the most 
modern equipment," claims 
Sir Henry Chilver, the vice- 
chancellor and spearhead of 
the drive to create a novel 
academy specializing in IT. 

The hew Institute of Infor- 
mation Technology, with an 
initial fending of £4 million 
and 25 industrial sponsors, 
will make academic history 
this autumn when it opens its 
doors for the first time. 

Information technology is 
the marriage of telecommuni- 
cations and computer sciences 
and their related applications 
—and it needs to be taught in a 
new way. It is this concept 
which is behind the IT insti- 
tute. Initially, the institute will 
be accommodated in 
Bletchley Park, Milton 
Keynes, before a new tailor- 
made space age building is 

The institute has gained 
political momentum during 
the past two years in the wake 
of government reports which 
highlighted the crisis feeing 
Britain in skills shortages 

in IT £& are DB Deeded i 'to 
ensure that Britain matches 
the industrial manufacturing 
performance of its major in- 
dustrial competitors, particu- 
larly West Germany. France, 
the US and Japan. 

Technical graduates who 
have been taught the skills of 
managing both IT equipment 
and people are in short supply 

The gap. is stark in the IT 
sector which is expected to 
have a trade deficit of £9,000 
million by the early 1990s. 
The Institute of Information 
Technology ax Cranfield is an 
attempt to stop the rot. Sir 
Henry’s energy and the crisis 
atmosphere generated in the 
wake of numerous scare re- 
ports focusing on skills short- 
ages have been the catalysts 
needed to launch the novel 

But Sir Henry is aware that 
a new approach to education 
is needed. Industry not only 
requires a new type of gradu- 
ate whose education has been 
tailored to its needs, but an 

One of the basic reasons for establishing an Institute of 
Information Technology is the creation of a college where 
students can train with the proper equipment. 

A new centre called the IT centre has been established 
marrying the resources of Cranfield Institute of Technology 
with those of Shrivenham, the Royal Military College ol 
Science, which has an established reputation as a centre for edu- 
cation and research in defence technology. 

The college is equipped to offer po s t gra d u ate courses in 
applied science, engineering, management and military technol- 
ogy, and a range of short courses to civilian as weD as nufitaiy 
students. In recent years ft has attracted students from more 
than 40 countries. 

The Information Technology Centre pools the resources of 
both the Cranfield and Shrivenham campuses, allowing the 
centre to cater for 150 undergraduate and 150 postgraduate stu- 
dents. It also runs short courses that are attended by kSOO stu- 
dents each year. 

industry better placed to assist 
in the funding of such a 
project. To this end the. IT 
institute was established as the 
first collaborative venture be- 
tween industry and academia. 

Within five years 4,000 
shortcouise students will at- 
tend the institute with 200 
postgraduate and possibly the 
same number of undergradu- 
ates. About 150 lecturers will 
teach and assist the students. 
In addition “several" industri- 

al professorships are to be 

According to Sir Henry, 
some of the industrial 
sponsors’ contributions will 
be the supply of top class 
personnel who will be released 
from their industrial duties to 
lecture at the institute. 

Information technology, by. 
definition, must be taught and 
researched with the most up- 
to-date equipment 

So strong bonds have been 



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Civil Aviation Authority approved courses for Professional 
Licenses on Aeroplanes and Helicopters. One year 
courses at Cranfield with residential and recreational 

Private ffight training, short courses and Air Charter also 

For full details contact: The Course Administrator 

i Trent 1 



Telephone: 0234 7S1243 Telex: 826178 

Industrial sponsorship, SERC 
studentships and bursaries available 
for 1st/2nd honours graduates 

Apply to: Professor Jack Dinsdale 
College of Manufacturing 
Cranfield Institute of Technology 
Cranfield, Bedford MK43 OAL 
Telephone: 0234 752758 

From One High 
Flyer to Another. 

As a world leader in advanced aviation 
technology, G EC Avionics congratulates 
Cranfield on its very special contribution to 
technological education over the last 40 years 
and wishes the Institute success in the future. 

GEC Avionics own success and future plans 
mean opportunities have been created for 
electronics, hardware and software engineers. 

If you are qualified in any of these fields and 
would like to join a company which is a world 
pace-setter in avionics technology apply in 
writing to: Peter Bowyer, GEC Avionics Limited, 
Airport Works, Rochester, KentMEl 2XX. 
Telephone Medway (0634) 46999 (24 hour 


courses. By 1990 this is ex- 
pected to increase to nearly 
600 in order to meet demand 
for postgraduate degrees and 
students who want to take 
their BSc to agricultural 

The college offers courses in 
the application of technology 
and management to agricul- 
ture and food production, 
promotes product innovation 
and market development 
through research and develop- 
ment, and contributes to agri- 
cultural and rural 
development, particularly 
overseas, through 


It is the research and devel- 
opment and the consultancies, 
as elsewhere in the institute. 

that provides the finance for 
the college to meet the de- 
mand for degree courses. Dur- 
ing the past year its revenue 
has increased by more than 50 

The college offers two hon- 
ours degree courses. The 
Lhree-year BEng course jn 
agricultural engineering is pro- 
vided for students who want 

to practise engineering at pro- 
fessional level in the agricul- 
ture and food-related 
industries. The four-year 
sandwich BSc course in agri- 
cultural technology and man- 
agement prepares candidates 
for a career in technical and 
commercial management of 
agricultural and related 

forged with industry. The 
major investing companies in 
the IT project are to assist in 
the management of the insti- 
tute by having their represen- 
tatives on a board of 

The head of the institute has 
yet to be appointed but will be 
someone with a track record 
in IT and a reputation in the 
industry. The major investors 
include British Aerospace, 
British Gas, British Petro- 
leum, British Telecom, Cable 
and Wireless and the 
Longman Group. Companies 
supplying hardware include 
BICC DEC, Hewlett Packard, 
Inmos. Intel, IBM, Fericom, 
Tektronix and Rank Xerox. 
Among the suppliers of soft- 
ware and other resources are 
CAP, Cognos. GEC Software. 
McDonnell Douglas, Oracle, 
Scicon, SDRGGAE Interna- 
tional and Uniras. 

They say:“It is the first 
industry-funded higher educa- 

tion establishment of its kind 
devoted entirely to the teach- 
ing and the development of 
information technology - 
The new institute will be 
managed as an independent 
organization and will be run as 
a commercial business rather 
than on traditional academic 
administration lines. Instead 
of a vice-chancellor and a 
senate, it will have a chief 
executive reporting to a board 
of directors. 

Research activities will fo- 
cus on key IT application 
areas such as networking, 
parallel processing, software 
engineering, artificial intelli- 
gence and microelectronics. 

The short courses and con- 
version courses are almost as 
important to the Chilver blue- 
print as the research work. 

Bill Johnstone 


College of Aeronautics 

Cranfield Institute of Technology 
for post-graduate aeronautical 

Research, Development, 
Aircraft Design, Aircraft 
Modification and Role Change 

Cranfield Aeronautical 
Services Ltd., 
Cranfield, Bedfordshire 









The IT Institute has been set up by Cranfield as a 
joint venture of 25 IT user and IT manufacturing 
companies to provide industrially directed teaching 
and research in a wide range of IT applications. It 
will commence teaching and research late in 1986. 

Further details may be obtained from: 

Dr AJisdaire Lockhart, c/o Cranfield Institute of 
Technology, Cranfield, Bedford MK43 OAL 

_ i ■ 




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June 23: The Queen, President 
and Patron, Royal Norfolk Agri- 
cultural Association, accompa- 
nied by The Duke of Edinbuigh, 
visited the Royal Norfolk Show 

Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness travelled in an aircraft 
of The Queen's Flight and were 
received upon arrival at Nor- 
wich Airport by the Vice Lord- 
Lieutenant for Norfolk (Mr J-S. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh then drove 10 the 
Showground and were received 
by Her Majesty’s Lord-Lieuten- 
ant for Norfolk (Mr Timothy 
Co Ira an. Chairman of the Show 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh toured the Show, 
escorted by the Honorary Direc- 
tor (Mr G.M. Alston) and Her 
Majesty presen led The Queen's 
Prize and other trophies. 

Afterwards, Her Majesty and 
His Roval Highness were enter- 
tained at luncheon m the 
President's Pavilion. 

In the afternoon The Queen 
and The Duke of Edinburgh 
made further tours of the Show 
and Her Majesty presented the 
Col man Cup and Long Service 

The Countess of Airiie, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John 
Miller, Mr Kenneth Scon and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Blair Stew- 
art-Wilson were in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, at- 
tended by Major the Hon An- 
drew Wigram, left Eusion 
Station in the Royal Train this 
evening for Scoliand. 

The Prince Andrew, 
accompanied by Miss Sarah 
Ferguson- earned out engage- 
ments in Northern Ireland 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was m attendance. 

The Queen was represented 
by the Lord Somerieyton (Lord 
in Waiting) at the Memorial 
Service for the Lord Willoughby 

local traders and community 

The Prince of Wales later 
presented the Enterprise Award 
for Small Businesses fa 1986 at 
BBC Pebble MilL Birmingham. 

His Royal Highness, Presi- 
dent, The Royal Jubilee and 
Prince's Trusts, this afternoon 
met Youth Business Initiative 
Bursary Holders and Recipients 
of Royal Jubilee and Prince's 
Trust Grams, together with 
representatives of Black Busi- 
ness in Birmingham, at the 
presmies of the Afio-Caribbean 
Community Development 
Organization, Moseley Road, 
Highgate, Birmingham. 

Mr David Roycrofi was in 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, The Prince’s Trust, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this evening attended a 
Concert given by the City of 
Birmingham Symphony Or- 
chestra at the National Ex- 
hibition Centre. Birmingham. 

Miss Anne Beckwiih -Smith 
and Mr David Roycrofi were in 

Their Royal Highnesses later 
left Birmingham International 
.Airport in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight 

June 25: The Princess Margaret 
Countess of Snowdon was 
present this evening at a Recital 
by Simon Preston of West- 
minster Abbey ui aid of West- 
minster Children's Hospital 

Laid And was m attendance. 
June 25: The Duchess of 
Gloucester this morning opened 
the Dorset Craft Child Centre at 
Wilford MiG, Wimbome and 
later visited the Christchurch 
Centennial Festival. In the after- 
noon Her Royal Highness vis- 
ited Highcliffe Day Centre, 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
revelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight 

Mrs Euan McCorquodale was 
in attendance. 

de Broke (formerly Her 
eutenant li 

Majesty’s Lieutenant for the 
County of Warwick) which was 
held in St Mary Abbots Church, 
Kensington today 

June 25: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was represented 
by Sir Martin Gitliai at the 
Memorial Service for the Lord 
Willoughby de Broke which was 
held in St Mary Abbots Church. 
Kensington, today 
June 25- The Pnnce of Wales. 
President, Business in the 
Community, this morning vis- 
ited the Handsworth Employ- 
ment Scheme and the premises 
of HIM Fashion Wear, Villa 
Road. Handsworth, 


His Royal Highness sub- 
sequendy visited Holie Junior 
and Senior Schools; Wheeler 
Street, Handsworth to meet 

June 25: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution, today 
named the new lifeboat at 


His Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Sir Richard Buckley 

Order of Merit 

The Queen has ordained that 
June 26 will m future be the 
anniversary of the institution of 
the Order of Mem. 

The Earl of St Andrews is 24 

Lady Romscy gave birth to a 
daughter yesterday in London 
Owing to absence from London 
the Earl of Stockton. OM, 
regreis that he was unable to 
attend the memorial meeting for 
Lord Shin well. CH. on June 19 

Birthdays today 

Mr Claudio Abtado. 53. Sir 
Campbell Adamson. 64: Sir 
Alan Bailey. 55. Sir Ashley 
CTarke. S3. Mr Justice Easiham. 
66. Dr Alexander Fenton. 57; 
Mr Willie Hamilton. MP. 64; 
Professor Sir Keith Hancock. 
88, Rear-Admiral Sir David 
Haslam. 63. Vice-Admiral Sir 
John Lancaster. 83: Sir Jaefc 
Longland. 81; Sir Peter Miles. 
62; Professor A. T Peacock. 64: 
Mr lan Prestu 57. Lord Rawhn- 
son of Ewell. QC. 67; Brigadier 
Sir Charles Spry. 76; Mr Colin 
Wilson. 55 

Kelvin medal 

The Institution of Civil 
Engineers' Kelvin medal for 
I486 has been awarded to Sir 
Alan Cottrell. FRS. FEng. Mas- 
ter of Jesus College. Cambridge, 
in recognition of his outstanding 
work and achievements in the 
Held of metallurgy 

Fuellers" Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Fuellers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing yean 

Master Mr Mariyn R Wakefield. 
Senior Warden. Mr Richard N Home 
Junior Warden. Mr John B puah 

Memorial service 

Lord Willoughby de Broke 
The Queen was represented by 
Lord Somerieyton at a service of 
ihanfcspr ving for the life of Lord 
Willoughby de Broke held at St 
Mary Abbots, Kensington, yes- 
terday. Queen Elizabeth the 
Queen Mother was represented 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Mar- 
tin GiiliaL The Rev Ian L 
Robson officiated and Lord 
Willoughby de Broke, son, read 
the lesson. The Lord Lieutenant 
of Warwickshire gave an ad- 
dress and the Right Rev Cuth- 
bert Bardstey led the prayers. 
.Among those present were: 

The D8MD(r Lady WUMOflWW do 
Broke Iwtdqw^ WU^gW dc 

of £» Maryteoone. wiaj C omman der 
Lord .And Lady Barvlogoa. Lord 



Cocftmae (Air Public 1 

MTrt. Fortracue.* Hon Mn Robert Watson. 

adofix Brt»cu«r J w Timer t 

I7ttv2l3t Lancort). Mr D J 

rOnanmonds brand*. Roy* Bank of 

Hardy. Sir 

Sir Juna d'Avigdar 
ar John wtggm. Sfr 
and Lndypewngton. Gipsy 

Ke* u p to wn Park and Epscbtu, Gpfonej 
MA S Jama {Racccc u ng T^a 

i J C S Jama (Raceoonrae TotindcaL 
Servfcw). Captaha Miles OMtbie CSteo-i 

^e^ocT TPany. Chcffizgftantl sod. Mrs 


npbrt ynladj. «nj4n- 

bw 'and daughter), me Hen Rupert 
verne*. ih* Hon 

isr* sz 

war jEgrr-ff hT-S 

wrey Mr and Mr* Benjanai i w rqr 

The Duke and Dudwss of RJehmond 

Brovin. AJr Chief Marshal Sir Denis 
SfraUwfiM uur Lamevsir Geoffrey 
Turtle. Dame Aon Parker Bowies. 
Lady On M TVethovnn, Lady Fieden. 
Sir Rex and Lady - Cohen. St 

Woodrow WyaU (chairman. 

Horserace Twaosaor Board). Sir 
Arthur and Lady Colons. Air Vice 
Marshal Sir Edgar Lowe. Major 
Nicholas and Lady Csartasa Cotta. Mr 


Angela Oswald, the- High Snertff of 
Warwickshire and Uie Hon Mr* 
Holman, Mr and the Hon Mrs Peter 
Brooke. Canon Jack Peel (noraseni- 
; Btshoc of CWaaitar ta-Eafot*). 
fliw Conunander H M M 

Me MKbael Loop CBoodJe HaUMlO. 
Mtas J CnBCWey (Bewiay CUnfcS.. . 
Mr and Mrs James Weatherin'. Mr 

are HJ - JoeL 

cM Mra John Mankmau- 

mgnanan. Mfr Francis CotUn. Mr. C A 
■■■BU4TA. Mr Antony Norman. 

Lonsdale. Mr ai3 Mr* 

and Ihe Mnroue* of 

viscount .Leee rhutme^ 

Davenoy. Vhcount Want or WIUqt. 
Lord Manlon. Lord and LadyBalfour 
SflncwmL Lord and La£T>1umm«r 

(603 Couniy^Crf_Warwh* Squadrm 

and also WarMOMtdn* &xmlry 
Cricket Chib). Group Captain C R 
Edge (605 Squadron 'As 
Squadron Leader Ranald Hl 

SquaflronL CWooet w H 

(Royal Warwickshire Reoiment), 

Lleutenant-CoJooel Shaun Larnsdoa. 

Mr Kennethi|M^iifl|^HMHM 

Mr aad rMB 

wSSm Mrlgayl 

KZndemey. Mrs neter Beckwortb- 
amth. Mr John t&stae. Mbs Angela 
TMTM. MR J Rasbielgh BbOaer. Mr 
Jack Tripos. Mr J R Madge. Mra Boy 
Wlbon. MrS Timothy ppwnwon. Mrs 
Anlooy Hunter. Mr 
O'Brien. Mr and Mrs J CBUpessTM 
J Ureacke. Mr Hofth LeasdL MrJA 
Floyd. Cokmel Tom NKMIls. Mr 
Robert Harris. Motor and Mra ce«rg*| 
. Rod weft. Mr and Mrs Brace HOMS. 
Mrs David Howeil. Mrs BUIj^L svte. 

Lieutenant -Colonel MlcbaH J Verey 
(preside nL Warwicks*** Ve 

Mktor P Profuioo. MW _ - . 
Major Phntp ArtcwrfML Mra > 
bmay. Major and Mrs M.G 
Major w bSWc and Miss if 1 

^ fasj of The 




Mr AA. Scott 
and Miss JJVf.M. Dean 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, youngest 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir 
James and Lady Scott, of 
Rotfaerfteld Park, Alton, and 
Julia, eldest daughter of Mr 
Patrick Dean, of East Mere, 
Lincoln, and Mrs Susan Dean, 
of Lynch mere. Haslemere. 

Mr G-H.S. BaOey 
and Miss AX. Paterson 
The engagement is announced 
between George, son of Dr 
Alison (Joe) Bailey and the late 
Mrs Christine Bailey, of 
Woobum, High Wycombe, and 
Allison, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J. Scou Paterson, of Harpenden, 

Mr RJ.E. Bomsan 
and Miss LM. Paine 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, youngest son of 
Mr and Mra Bruce Bowman, of 
Little Bavhall, .Tunbridge Wells, 
and Imogen, youngest daughter 
of the late Mr Leslie Paine and 
Mrs Sheila Paine, of Blewbury, 

Mr M.N.H. Cooper 
and Miss L.T. Evans 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Neil Howard, 
son of Mr and Mra W.H. 
Cooper, of Judd's Farm House, 
Great Hormead. Buntingford, 
Hertfordshire, and Lorraine 
Tina, elder daughter of Mr B.M. 
Evans, of Mimram. Queen Hoo 
Lane. Tcwin. Hertfordshire, and 
Mra J. Meredith, of 34 Dale 
Avenue. Gustard Wood, 
Wheat hampstead, 

Mr P. Lyse Rasmussen 
and Miss PJR. Weller 
The engagement is announced 
between Per Lyse Rasmussen, 
the Danish Royal Life Guards, 
son of Mr and Mra G Lyse 
Rasmussen, ofBarrit. Denmark. 

and Penelope, daughter of Mr. 
and ' Mrs HE Weller, oft 
Marlow, Buckinghamshire. 

Mr SA Mayers 
and Mrs D. Norris 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard Mayers, of 
New Maiden, Surrey, husband 
of the late Jean Mayers, and Eira 
Norris, of Wimbledon, SWI9, 
widow of David Norris. 

Mr A-D. Pettit 
and Miss JJVL Parry 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan, only son of Mr 
and Mrs D. Pettit, of In vertay, 
Malvern, Worcestershire, and 
Julie, only daughter of Mr and 
Mra G.R. Pany, of New House 
Farm, Llandenny, Gwent. 

Mr J.A. Sturman 
and Miss M. Mineo 
The engagement is announced 
between James, eldest son of 
Wing Commander and Mrs R. 
Sturman. of RAF Rhinedahlen. 
West Germany, and Marcella, 
eldest daughter ofDrand Mrs C. 
Mineo, 01 Phoenixville, Penn- 
sylvania, United Stales. 

Mr TJ. Taylor 
and Miss M. Gyilander 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, younger son 
of Commander J.C Taylor, RN 
(retd), and Mra Taylor, of 
Claygate. Surrey, and Marit, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mra H. 
Gyllander. of Orebro. Sweden. 


Mr DX. Hanson .’ 
and Mas P. SkQOcorn 
The marriage took place on 
Tuesday, June 24, at St Patrick’s 
Church, Patteidale. Cumbria, of 
Mr Derrick George Hanson, of 
Formby, Merseyside, and Miss 
Patricia SkiUicoro, of Waterloo, 

■Mir MJ.D. Hutchinson 
aad Miss LAJ). Hamilton 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, June 21 , at St Michael 
the Archangel, S maiden, Kent, 
of Mr Michael Hutchinson and 
Miss Lucinda Hamilton. The 
Rev AX. Pouncy officiated, 
assisted by the Rev R_ Smith. 

The bride, who was .given m 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Joanna, Emma and 
Charlotte Pasmore, Maximil- 
ian iron Hurter, Edouard Mar- 
lin-Pmd’homme.- and Oliver 
Wilkinson; Mr Sebastian Faure 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent 
abroad. • 


Reform Club 

The Lord Mayor of Wesminsler 
attend a service of celebration 
and thanskgmng at St James's, 
Piccadilly, yesterday u> mark 
the sesqui centenary of the 
foundation of the Reform Gub. 
The Rev Donald Reeves offici- 
ated. Dame Betty Ridley and Dr 
Stephen Stewart read the lessons 
and Vjsount Tonypandy gave 
an address. Prebendary E.F 
Shotler and the Rev Paul 
Rowntree Gifford led the 


Prime Minister 

The Prime Minister was host at 
a luncheon held yesterday at 10 
Downing Street m honour of the 
Prime Minister and Minister for 
Finance. Econom ic Develop- 
ment and External Affairs of 
Dominica. The other guests 

TT* HR h Co mmuai oittr for Domi 
[■■ra. Mr and Mrs A Elwtn. the 

Ambassador Ol Peru and Servora de 

Raffo. Sir Geoffrey Howe. QC. MP 
and Lady Howe. Baroness Young. Mr 
Bernard Fenner and Mra Peogy 
Fenner MP the B*?haD of Croydon 
and Mra Wood. Loyd Klndersley. Sir 
Eric and Lady Sharp Mbs Janet 

Footer MP Mr Slephm How. MP 
t Ross. Mr Bowen Wells. MP 

and Mra .. ... 

and Mr* Well*. Mra Marlon Roe. MP 

Mr and Mra Leonard \an Geesl Mr 

and Mra Derk Petty Mr and Mra 
Christopher Thornton Mr and Mr* 
Arnold Shipp. Mr and Mr* John 
Sutherland Professor and. Mrs 
AllHair Henneisy Mr and Mra 
Bernard Crts> Mr and Mra Narlndar 
Saroon. Mra Laurie Pordeti. Mra 
Brenda McDouoall. Mr Tte^or Mac 
Donald. Sir Giles Bullard. Mr Richard 
Samuel. Mr Charles Powell. Mr Tim 
Flesher and Mr and Mrs Jim Coe 

Carlton Club Political 

The political committee of the 
Carlton Club held a luncheon at 
118 OhJ Broad Street yesterday 
Mr John Wake ham, MP, was 
the guest of honour and speaker 
Mr Eric Koops. chairman of ihe 
political comm met. presided* 
and Mr Lewis Moss also spoke 
British Federation of 
University Women 
Mrs Vivyenne Rubinstein, 
President of the British Federa- 
tion of University Women, was 
host at a luncheon held at 
Crosby Hall yesterday m honour 
or Professor Tamara Abova. 
Mme Alina Semenova and 
Mmc Vera Soboleva. Among 
the guests were Professor Ruth 
Bowden. Mrs Elizabeth Charles. 
Dr Audrey Ward. Dr Norma 
Moore and Mrs C Arreggar 


Lord Morton of Lindisfame • 
Lord Morton of Lindisfarne 
entertained members of the 
Churchill chapters of. the Prim- 
rose League and their guests at a 
reception at the House of Lords 


National Liberal Gob 
Lord Wigoder. QC. presided at a 
luncheon given by the National 
Liberal Gub yesterday at I 
Whitehall Place and Mr Alex 
Gulile. QC, MP. was the guest 
speaker. Lord Banks, president 
of the dub. was among others 

Conservation Foundation 
The annual general meeting and 
luncheon of the Conservation 
Fouqdation was held on Friday, 
June 20. at St James's Court 
Hotel. London. SWI. by cour- 
tesy of Mr San tosh Oberou vice- 
president. Taj International 

Arab-British Chamber of 

The Arab-Bntisb Chamber of 
Commerce gave a dinner at. the 
Intercontinental - Hotel yes- 
terday after its annual meeting. 
The guests were received by Sir 
Richard Beaumont, chairman, 
and Mr Abdul Kanm AJ- 
Mudans. secretary-general and 
chief execuuve of the chamber 
The Hon Alan Clark. Minister 
of Slate for Trade and Industry, 
was the guest of honour and 
principal speaker 
Wooimen's Company ; 

The Master of the Wooimen's 
Company. Mr Tvao HuJchinson, 
presided at their ladies dinner 
held at Fishmongers* Hall yes- 
terday. Mr Patrick Gilbert also 
spoke. The • Master of the 
Feltmakers’ Company . was 
among the guests. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

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Cod b* menolul to me a sinner 
» Luke IS- 13 


BACK On June 20Ui. 1986 to Pans 
tnee Hunon) and Nigel, a son. 
Charles, a brother for Emma 
BOWSKHJ- On June 19th to Jane 
tnee Hodges) and Paul, a daughler 


CHAPPELL On June 23rd to Sharon 
inee AngeW and Mark, a son. Mat- 
thew Mark 

COLES On 20th May to Polly (n& de 
Falbet and Julian, a son 
DAWES On June 22nd to Trio* tnfe 
OodwetU and John, a daughter 
Emma, a slsier for AnUiony 
DKKWSON On 2d(ti June. 1986 lo 
Caroline and SUly.. a boy 

fttzhe h beh t-bbockholes On 

June 23rd. 1906 to Jane (iwe 
Sansuml and Antony, a son. Charles 

GLOVER TO Angela (n^c Bradshaw) 
and Timothy on 18th June. 1986 at 
Southlands Hospital. Sussex, a 
daughter. Charity Elizabeth, a sister 
to Matilda and Aaron 
GLYNN on June Zdlb to David and 
Gale (nee SauitderoOaiilai a son. 
HALL (Hi 26th May In Adelaide. 
South Australia, to Adrian and Mer- 
edith. a son. Jonathan, a brother for 

HOPKINS On June 24 ih to Emma 
(nee Roosel and David, a daughler. 
Bethan. a sister for Owen 
KEEN - On June 18th. to Cure and 
MeKyn. a daughler. Emily 
Katharine, a Hater fur Laura. 

LEA- WILSON On June 2 1st to 

Elspeth (nee Wants) and Philip, a son. 
Simon Peter 

LOWER On 23nl June to Catherine 
(nee Morrison) and Graham, a son. 
Richard Andrew 

KHCHEU. On June »tn to Bridget 
(n£e Welsh) and Simon, a son. 

- WdUam Jama Palmer .a brother-tor . 
Clare ioaa 

MILLIGAN On June 23rd to Charles 
and Emma, a son. a brother for 
Georgina and Elizabeth 
MOCK On ISih June. I486 to Pat 
and Tony a son. Christopher 
Charles Sanders 

PAGE On June 21st at the John Rad 
cUffe Oxford to Sheena (nee Lang) 
and Sicphen. a daughter Kirsty 
Jane, a sister for Jamie 
PAGET On 17th June ai Basingstoke 
District Hospital, to Riehenda «nee 
Collins) and Richard, a daughter 
Emma Root et 

PL I III To Caroline »nee Reedj and 
Desnond. a beautiful daughler. Jose- 
phine Anne, on June 23rd. 1986 
SHAW On 2isi June. 1986 to Louse 
inee Faugusll and Antony a da ugh 
ler a staler for Jamie 
SOUNDY - On 24th June 1986. to 
Andrew and Philippa, a daughter 
Lydia May . . 

STOKES On June 23rd. 1986 at St 
Teresa's. Wimbledon, to Caroline 
in£e Down] and Christopher a 
daughler Joanna Lqtige 
TAM On !9th June. 1986 to Paid and 
Roz. a son. Nicholas James, a brother 
for Benjamin and Guy 


WRAGG.- GHETTON The marriage 
look place in Oakham on Idih June 
between Mr Thomas Henry wrong 
and The Hon Mary Ann Gretton 


BRENNAN Jean (rife McFartane) ex 
B3A A B.O A.C suddenly on 
June 23rd Dearly loved wife Of 
John and dearest mother Of Salty 
Michele and GaU Also loving grand- 
mother of Brendan. Christopher 
Marc and Marie and beloved daugh- 
ter ol Martorle Funeral. Wednesday. 
July 2nd ai 2.30 pm at Oucnester 
Crematorium Family flowers only 
Donations. U desired, to Bopmr 
Regis Ambulance Cardiac Emergen- 
cy Unit. Bognor Regte Ambulance 
. Service 

CKAMPMAN-niCKEN George, on 
June 19th. 1986. at The Royal 
Marsdcn Hospital. Sutton, alter a 
long lllne». borne with great 
courage Funeral service at North 
Rrf Surrey Crematorium. Lower 
Morden Road on Tuesday, is July 
al 4.00 pm. nowere and enouata to 
Trttttove. 1 18 Carahaiton Road. 

CHARLESWORTH At Edinburgh on 
20th June. 1986. Nett Rex Faster 
Dearly loved husband of Sarah, 
father of Fiona and Laura and son of 
Rex and Llvima. Service at Glasgow 
University Chapel on Monday. 3Qth 
June al 1 1.00 am. Cremation there- 
after prtvaie. Family flowers only 
please, but donations may be sent to 
Leukaemia Rutwdi Fund, c/a 
western General Hospital. 
Haematology Department, owe 
Road North. Edinburgh. 

de CASTRO On June 22nd. 1986. 
peacefully at St Petert and St 
James’*. Wh etaOeid Green. Sussex. 
Rosalind Ruth of Hassocks. Sussex 
Cremation at the Surrey & Sussex 
Crematorium. Worth. -on Monday. 
June 30th al 11.00 am. No flower* 
or MTers please Donations to Cancer 
Research. Enquiries to R-A. Brooks ft 
Son. Haywards Heath.. Sussex TW 
0444 464391 

do JACOB da V ALL ON On 23rd 
June. 1986. U Col Henry 
Grosvenor (Mike) de Jacobi du 
Valton. D.S.O . MC RA iraVdL 
after a long Ulness Funeral service. 
Friday 4th July ai tl 00 am at St 
Lawrence’s Church. Chobham 

EDWARDS On 24th June, peacefully 
In her sleep. Phyllis Mary aged 87 
vears. Beloved wife of the late 
Richard WUUam and loving mother 
of Charles Flowers welcomed 
Enquires to Jempsons (FUneral 
Directors' 0*246 2029 

FLOCKHART On 22nd June, peace- 
fully fallowing an accident. Walter, 
loved twin brother of John. 32 Bar 
nngton Drive. Glasgow G* Loyal 
and devoted friend of the Schroder 
family Service ai Martlake Cremato- 
rium. Monday 30th June. 1 1 30 am 
Family flower* only but donations 
to The Royal British Legion 

GRUER Mary, aged 86. on 24th June. 
1986. peacefully at The Bowicy 
Clinic Funeral. Gotders Green. 2.30 
pm. Wednesday 2nd July Flowers lo 
J H Kenyon Lid. 138 Fresion Road, 
wio by 1100 am. 2nd July 

GimK (n*« RENWICK) - On Sunday 
22nd June. Agnes Mary beloved 
wife of the (are Ernst OuUk. of 
Kepwtek Hall. Think, peacefully at 
home Funeral Friday 27th June at 
Leake Church. 2.30 pm. F lowers or 
donations to the GUI Guide Move- 
ment. and local Parish Expenses. 
Alternatively donations may be sent 
lo The Treasurer of Leake PCC. 
c o MaynooUi. Knavton. Think 

HENDERSON As a result of a Climb- 
ing accident on June 22nd. 1986. 
Gordon Moray Henderson. Vet M.B-. 
M.R.CV5 i Cantab) M-A Hon*. 
Beloved second son of Stamford and 
May and dear brother of Bryan. 
Michael and Bobby Cremation at 
Morton hall Crematorium.’ Edin- 
burgh- Main ChapeL on Friday. June 
27lh at 2.30 pm Family Bowers 
only Donations to World Wildlife 
Fund. Panda House, ii Ockford 
Road. Codaiming. Surrey GU7 1QU 

tftMtNG-GQSSLER ’On June 19th al 
home in Gnrards OrOM. Maty Jean. 
Beloved wife of Max and mother al 
Cathy. Suzy. Cindy and David. 
Funeral Sendee at St Janes’S 
Church. Oxford Road. Qmnfe 
Cross. Bucks on Monday. June 30th 
at 12^0 pm. Mowed by cremanen 
at Sough at 1 30 pm. Flower* and 
enquiries to R C Griraoead Ud. 
McnteUo House. Laytera Green Lane. 
Chalfonl. St- Pew. Buck*, or 
donattoP*. S’ deNred. to The Chilian 
Cheshire Home. North Park. 
Garrard* Cross. 

KJUPP W10a Watson On S3fd June. 
1986 at tier home la Loudon. Dearly 
loved mother of Daniel. Jenny. Mtmf 
and DavhL Memorial Service to be 
heJd at The English Speaking Union. 
Dartmouth House. Charles Street. 
London Wl. on 7th July at 230 pm. 
Blue, yellow and white flowers only 

UUKSETH On June 22nd. Florence. 
"Tushie- aged 93 l of St Martins 
Lane. London. WCZ Sendee be 
held at GoMers Green Oematorlum. 
Monday 30th June a) 11 46. Flowers 
or oonattons to Wised Jockey*' 
Fund. PO Sex 9. Newmarket. 
'Suffolk ' 

LEE Mikes Allday Suddenly on June 
23rd in Nairobi Beloved husband of 
Penelope father of Raymond. Lydia. 
Robert and Rona. brother of Guy 
Formerly of The Lee puppet The- 
atre Edinburgh 

MASTERS Peggy Jana On June 24Ui 
at Mount Alverma Hospital. Guild- 
ford after a long illness borne with 
great courage Beloved wire of Brian, 
mother of Paul and grandmother of 
George Funeral. Tuesday. July 1st 
al 2 SO pm. St Edward's- Sutton 
Park. Guildford Flowers or dona- 
tions to Cancer or Multiple Sclerous 

MILLER On June 19ih. 1986. peace- 
fully In hospital. Lady Beatrix 
Patricia de ta Poer of Georgestown 
House KUmacitmTias. County 
Waterford. Ireland, in her 84th year 
Much loved mother and grandmoth- 
er Funeral took place ai Ponlaw 
County Waierlard on Saturday 
June 2ia 

MMDELL On Tuesday June 24th. 
peacefully Lily (ttfe Datchesi wife of 
the late Simon Mlndefl. Deeoly 
mourned by her children, grandchil- 
dren. great grandchild, family and 

Thomas, of HlghcUte. 
Dorset, on 23rd June, aged 86. 
Husband of the late Alice, father of 
Anne Requiem Mass 10.00 aun on 
1st July at The Church of the Holy 
Redeemer Hfgbcdffe. followed by 
private cremation Family flower* 
only • 

PEGS On June 24th. peacefully 
Saida Olivia, aged 88. Much loved 
widow of CecU and mother of Bon 
Cremation private 

PWLLIPS On 15th June at Spartan- 
burg. S Carolina, Franca Lucas, 
peacefully ail a great age; dear friend 
of Peter and Unda Murray 

RICHARDSON Lady Maureen Anne. 

Peacefully al home on 23rd June. 

! wit fl 

1986. following an Illness borne 
great courage. Dearly loved wife of 
U Gen. Sir Robert Richardson aad 
beloved mother of Clare. Charles. 
Jeremy and Guy Funeral Service al 
The Ca nongate Kirk. Edinburgh, on 
Monday. 30th June at 2.30 pm: 
thereafter wrGlencorse Cemetery for 
a private ram tty burial. Family flow- 
or* only please. Donations. If desired, 
to imperial Cancer Research Fund. 
Medical Oncology Untt. Western 
General Hospital. Edinburgh 

SNERREN On- .June 24th. 1986. 
Janet ar Hartrow Manor, mar 
Taunton. Somerset, aged 81 
Beloved mother of Graham and 
Pamela. Funoal Service wai taka 
place al Stogumtxr . Church oo 
Friday. June 27lh al 12 ooon 

THUELL Tragically on Sunday. 22nd 
June. Peter, devoted husband of 
Maty and beloved rathe- of Mark 
and Anne and Ihelr families. Funeral 
Service al SL Saviour's. Dartmouth 
on Thursday. 3rd July at 11.30 am. 
Family flowers only please, but 
donations, if desired, to RJ'J.LJ 


WOLFENDEN In evergreen memory 
on this ihelr shared birthday of Jack 
1906-1988 and Jcrany 1934-1966. 
Two very special people Jttl. the 
family and Mantua - 

Requiem Mass 

Mr J-P. Winckworth 
Requiem Mass for Mr John 
Peter Winckworth was con- 
celebrated by Prebendary. Ge- 
rald Irvine and the Rev Peter 
Geldatd. Secretary of the 
Church Union, at St Matthew's 
Church, Westminster, on Mon- 
day, June 23. The lesson was 
read by Mr Michael Penn and 
the address was given by Mr 
Frank Robson, Provincial Reg- 
istrar to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury and Registrar to the 
Bishop ofOxfbrd. Those present 

Winckworth. Mr A 

Mbs EJUsbMh 

winckworth. Mr 

(Master of tot Ma w rC Company), toe 
Rev Desmond TtPyer (representing 
toe B/snon of Londoru. Mr Brian 
Hansor (General Synod Ojricef. Mr 
Patrick Loch (Church Oommtestoners). 
Mr David FauU and toe other partners 
of M wa Winckworth * Pemberton. 
Mr John Underwood and many outer 

Debrett’s Peerage 

Debreli's Peerage Ltd is pleased 
to announce the publication on 
June 30, -1986, of the new 
edition of Debvett’s Handbook. 
With over 22,000 entries the 
new edition will sell, for £45. 
Details are available on request 
from Debrett’s Peerage Ltd, 73- 
77 Britannia Road, Fulham, 
London. SW6 2JR. 

Clifton College 

The following supplementary 
awards ars announced: 

The John James Tbota-of-Uw-Tradc 
Award: J H L Ptegott foakeley** 
House. OHtonL __ _• 

Ttte David hOscocxs Bunary CR 
Ellwands (art sxMbUioncri . UDnxote 
Lawn Prepara lory school) 

Wydiffe College 

The council of governors of. 
Wydiffe College has appointed 
Mr A-P. Millard, Deputy Head 
ofWells Cathedral School, to be 
Headmaster of Wydiffe College 
in January, 1987, when Mr R.C. 
PoulLon becomes Headmaster 
of Christ's HospftaL 

Latest wills 

Sir George Albert Wade, of 
Market Drayton, former chair- 
man of the Wade Pottery 
Group, left estate -vained al 
£1.230.732 net. 

Mr John Derek Grimsdick, of 
London, N20, former managing 
director of Herbert 'Jenkins, the 
publishers, who personally, han- 
dled many of P.G. Wodehouse’s 
works, left £253,8 1 8 net 
Dr Michael Howell. ofTividale, 
West Midlands, one of the' 
authors of the biography of John 
Chrey Merrick, the “Elephant 
Man”, left £47.278 net . 

Mr Alan Gordon Jones, :of 
Sutton Coldfield/ left £924J59 


Radical approach to Ancient History 

Sir Moses Finley, FBA, who 
died on June 23 at I&e age oi 
72, had been Master of Dar- 
win College, Cambridge, from - 
1976 to -1982, and Professor of 
Ancient History in tire Um- 
vecsrtyfroni 1970 to 1979. 

Few ancient historians have 
made as large an impact on the 
historical world in general, 
and Finley was at his best as a 
source of in^nraiion and 
.friendly advice to able stu- 
dents and young academics in: 
this country and abroad. 

: Born in the United Stales 
on May2Q, I912,heeraduared 
BA at Syracuse University 
when- only 15 and MA at 
-Columbia University two 
-yeais later, his principle sub- 
jects were then psychology 
and American Constitutional 

' Fired by W. L. Westennann 
to study ancient history, he 
then learned Greek and Latin, 
'while financing himself from 
Ids own earnings and those of 
his wife, Mary Thiers, a school 
teacher whom he married in 
1932, and who remained to 
the end his close companion 
and . staunch support. Her 
death occurred only the day 
before his own. - - 
After graduating, he took up 
a research post with the 
Encyclopaedia of the Social 
Sciences (1930-33), was a re- 
search assistant to the. Roman 
lawyer A- A. Schiller at Co-' 
lumbia University (1933-34), 
held a rpsearcb fellowship in 
history at the same university 
(1934-35), and a part time 
leaching position in history at 
the City College of New York 

In this period he came 
under the influence of the 
expatriate Frankfurt institute 
for Social Research, associat- 
ed with Columbia University 
from 1934. 

He participated in its semi- 
nars. reviewed' books for its 
journal. and was employed as 

His radical . instincts, en- 
couraged by contact with Max 
Horkheimer and Herbert 
Marcuse among others, and 
his reading in social history 
and social theory, led to 
activity on behalf of the 
Republicans in the Spanish 
Civil War, and to fund raising, 
for Russian war relief during 
the Second World- War. 

Although after the war Ire 
preferred an academic life and 
was lecturer and later assistant 
professor at Rutgers Universi- 
ty from 1 948-52. these diverse 
actrviies bad left a permanent 

Among ancient historians 
of his time, h&'feixuliarity at 
once with law, economics and 
sociology was unparalleled, 
and was deployed to cast new 

light oa ancient Greece; while 
-practical. experience made his 
activity effective m education 
antf- academic politi cs, in 
which he played an enogm 
part in bis short career in his 
country of origin. 

His response to McCartby- 
jsm was to ' launch among 
university teachers the Ameri- 
can Committee for the De- 
fence of International 

- For this activity he, was 
called before a Congressional 
Committee in 1952. He in- 
voked tire 5th Amendment 
and refused to co-operate with 
the committee. This led to bis 
dismissal by Rutgers. 

However, be was already 
well-known from his pub- 
lished work, and was invited 
to lecture at Oxford and 
Cambridge in 1954-55, and in 
1 955 he received a permanent 
teaching post at Cambridge; 
he became a reader in 1964; 
and from 1957-1976 he was a 
fellow of Jesus College. 

He acquired British nation- 
ality in ' 2962, and was 
knighted in 1979. He did not 
again visit the United States 
until 1971-72, when he gave 
the Sather Lectures at Berke- 
ley. and was feted at Raigers 
and elsewhere. 

■ He remained a radical, 
drawing on tire inspiration of 
both Marx and Weber. 

Meanwhile a doctoral thesis 
of 1950, published in- 1952 as 
Studies in Land and Credit in 
Ancient Athens, had won 
Finley international acclaim 
for its skilful legal analysis and 
the novel views it expounded 
on the 4th Century Athenian 
economy. ■ • 

His second major work. The 
Worid - of Odysseus (1954), 
which has gone into. several 
editions and has been translat- 
ed into many languages, estab- 
lished him as “the best living 
social historian of Greece and 
the one most prepared id "face 
the methodologica] problems 
which social history implies" 
(Arnaldo Morntgliano). . 


Maurice Durufle, the 
French organist and compos- 
er, has died in Paris. He was 

Reticent in terms of his 
creative output Dnrnfle was 
nevertheless admired for a 
senes of well-crafted ivories, 
executed in a musical lan- 
guage which. looked back to 
plainsong and forward to.bril- 
liant harmonies and rich 

. Among rhese his Requiem is 
preeminent. . 

He was bom inLouviers cra 
January 11. 1 902, and from 
the age of 10 attended a choir 
school where be was taught 
piano and organ. 

In 1919 he went to; -Baris 
where he became assistant 
organist to -Toumemue at Ste 
Clothilde. He also studied 
organ and composition at the 
Paris Conservatoire from 
1919-22. ' 

In 1930 he became organist 
of St Etienne-du-Mom, and- in 
that year his Prelude, adagio et 
choral varie sur le ,Vem 
Creator” won him a prize 
from the Amis de POrgue. 

Trots Domes (1932) and an 
organ suite (r933) further 
enhanced his reputation, and 
in t 1936 he received tire 
Blbmennthal Foundation 

He was appointed' Professor 
of Harmony at the • Fsris 
Conservatoire » 1943 mid 
remained there until 1969. ■ 

Dunrfte’s most frequently 
performed work is his Requi- 
em of 1 947, a composition of 
great Jreauty, combining as it 
does the simplicities of tire 
Gregorian chant with lusher 
harmonies and more complex . 

"The Requiem was te earn 
him an international reputa- 
tion which wasco rnplemented 
by hi* tours, as -an organist, of 
Europe, tbe-Soviet Union and 
the USA. 

MR C N. P- 

Mr Caryfl Nicolas Peter 
Pbwefl, DSO, OBE, on "June 

C G writes: 

- . ANTONIN • 

Antonin Broustl. the 
Czechoslovak film critic and 
theorist, whose students in- 
cluded Oscar-winning director 
Milos Forman, died in Prague 
on June 23, aged 79. 

Brousil helped found, and 
for many years presided over, 
the Academy of Dramatic Arts 
at Prague University. 

He trained a whole genera- 
tion of Czechoslovak and 
foreign film-makers in. the 
“new wave? style of the 1960s, 
including Forman who went 
on to win Oscars for his films 
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's 
Nest and Amadeus. 

The death ofC. N. P. PowcH 
prompts some memories of a 
brave and fascinating man. 7 

He was both a man of action 
and ah energetic scholar. As 
an officer in the Royal Ma- 
rines be was severely wounded 
m the raid on Tobruk m 1942 
and then interned in Italy. .. 

Having escaped at the time 
of the AlUed advance in 1943- 
44, he was wounded again on 
the Normandy beaches on D- 
Day, an event followed by 
another long spell in hospital 
and the award of the DSO. 

Having .finally recovered 
enough to pursue a peacetime 
career with the British Coop- 
ed, be took advantage of 
residence abroad to study 
aspects of the arts which 
interested him. 

He also had published 
books on Fuseli, Austrian 
Baroque architecture and the 
Vienna Secession, including 
the work of the painter, Klimt. 

Despite continual pain arid 
disabilities arising from his 
war wounds be retained enor- 
mous gusto and a sense of fan 
which will be greatly missed 

Science report 

Mock gravity theory for universe 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

In die very early stages of the 
development of the universe, 
the force that polled matter 
together to form star systems 
in the pregala ctic period was 
‘Tnock gravity’’, according to a 
theory put forward by • 


scientists at foe' University of 
Arizona’s Steward 


In a gravity field existing 
today, like that of the Barth, 
the effect fa negligible. For 
mock gravity fa a peculiar side 
effect of radiation pressure 
and the propulsive force exert- 
ed by light. and other- sources 
on energy. * - 

But in the space between 
stars, where radiation comes 
more or less evenly -from. all 
directions, tro . neighbouring 
dust particles can be ;drinfa 
together becanse-each fies ta 
the other’s shadow: This rau- 
tnal shadowing — mock gravi- 
ty -can be 200 times as strong 
as tire gravitational attraction 
between the particles. 

The proposal comes Grom 
Craig J. Hogan, and Simon 
DJVC White, of foe Steward 
Observatory, tain artic le in 
Nature, ta which they argne 

that foe mode- gravity -that 
cheated the gato* was 5 , the 
result of Instabilities . in the 

radiation pressures, leading to 
foe dnstming.of matter into 

sp inning gnlmwy . 

Dr Hogan said font al- 
though it did not fit neatly 
within the' usual -Ideas for 
galaxy formation, the prelimi- 
hary calculations were surpris- 
ingly consistent. Moreover, no 
one had fonnd -a dear way to 
nrfe out mock grav i ty as the 
key mechanism for galaxy 

Exp l a n a ti o n s for the irregu- 
lar but highly organized .ar- 
rangement ' of galaxies have 
called , on phenomenon like 
“galactic wrinkles’', or .fluctu- 
ations early in the bow wave of 
gas and partides from the big 
bang, . to account for the 
present shape of foe universe. 

-Another theory fa that Over 
a period of time foe very early 
wniversewas punctuated tafoe 
making with a series of explo- 

voids around which foe galax- 
ies are massed. 

The process of modi gravi- 
ty. in which some radiation fa 
absorbed by particles and 
other radiation is reflected,' !! 
very complicated to test ffi- 
perinreotaHy. However, foe 
s cienti sts say it might be 
possible to build an apparatus 

in which foe mock gravitation- 
al acceleration exceeds normal 
terrestrial gravity. 

They suggest a small .vacu- 
um chamber, with some dnst 
particles and some fllnmtaa- 
tion. To eliminate the effects of 
grarily,- the apparatus worid 
have to be dropped. Dr Hjtypn 
estimates that a second or so 
woiild be long enough. But foe 
tjreory makes specific predfc- 


His Bumerotts books, of 
whkSribfr most inferential are 
peiops The Aftam Greeks 
(1963). Early Greece The 
Bronx ana Archaic Ages 
(1970). Democracy Ancient 
and Modem (1972: wr. 1985), 
The Ancient Economy (19m 
and Ancient Slavery and bind - ' 

signed partly for fee ffltdSgat 

Raley was iirdess in 

ing ana reviewiBg wHft foe 

j a 

especiafly Greek, aszkputy 
bener understood by the gen- 
eral pabfc 

It was characteristic font be 
devosed ttuach esretgy » grfal 
effect » haproving thereadi- 
iog of ancient history t& oor 
sdtoob. , ?■. ' 

He was, however, no oedi^ 
nary populariser, content to 
disseminate .received views. 
Even his most trifling paces 
had the stamp of an original 
and powerful mind with fresh 
insight to convey. 

His last book. Ancient Hi & 
lory: Evidence aid Models 
(1985). in which his historio- 
graphical skills are on display, 
is an . uncompromising desun- 
ciatkm of much contemporary 
anrieut history writix^ for its. 
refusal to come to terms wi$6 
the limitations of tfa' 

Aff this, and the . seat 
breadth of his knowledge and 
interests, which took in aft, 
literature and religion, ns well 
as political, economic and 
social institutions, make fas 
works of high importance 
the professional scholar, : . 

Finley was a meat lecturer 
and tocher, within Cam- 
bridge. he revived ancient 
history and brought it injo 
repute- among professional 
historians and students alike. 

As Master of Darwin, fas 
priorities were to raise fee 
academic stature of the col- 
lege, broaden the educational 
interests of its graduate add 
senior members, and create a 
congenial atmosphere condu- 
cive to academic intercourse. 

The immensely soccessfal 
annual Darwin Lecture Series, 
inaugurated in 1977. was tits 
creation, and the list of speak- 
ers reflect his own breadth of 

- He also inspired the Darwin 
centenary conference of which 
the proceedings were pub- 
lished as Evolution from Mole- 
cules to Men in 1983. 

His d eath cut shon a return 
to Greek Jaw, a further state- 
ment ort sfavery, perhaps his 
most abiding interest, and an 
ambitious project on the so- 
cial history of antiquity.- - 


- :£■' 

i £ 



t‘ 7 

j-, ir- 

.-r r : - 
.far --w 

;j-j t 

: ■ 

‘ C : 


> -r 

k ■ 

i-,' *!j 

Accncdtagjn foe mbcfc grav- 
ity hypothesis, the unstable 
cmufefioas'intbe otiverae were 
tike foe instability of a pot of 
water heKtamng to bofl. . 

'<! I 

Both foe ndn-gravitatioaal 
idea of mo<i gravity, and the 
explosive theory, could ex- 

pitia tlta recent observation of 

vast aisnuc bobbles., empty 

******* and energy' in the 
Some tave. be«t 
bornfi by observation . • 

Tor example, they predict'* 

»n>ng tack&’onnd of cosmic 
mna-red radmtion, and they 
suggest that that coaid 'be - 
observed by foe Cosmic Badt- 

Explorer Satellita . - . 

is scheduled to detect ^ . 

the. faint legacy of the bighang ' 1 

at the end of foe decade. ' ■ 

Vo1 32! - W S7SSSL 

;*• - 



irw JZI, pp -K, . 

* • * 








The dot preceding the early 
evening news provides the 
perfect opportunity to cele- 
brate the joys of tranquil 
domesticity before the irriip- 
torn of global mayhem and 
work-weary fathers. Whose 

■ Baby? (Haines) is the para- 
digm of the form. 

Hosted with excradating 
bonhomie by die avuncular 
a Bernie Winters, the show 
‘ consists simply of a three-man 
-panel “quizzing kiddies'* 
about their parentage. The 
-very youngest kiddies often 
have less than volumes to say 

■ oa the subject as they perch 

* bemnsedly on Mr Winters's 
kindly knee; any yomqg lady 

- ranks- the age of 10 is lavishly 
complimented on her dress- 

■ sense; from time to time the 
torpid stadio- St Bernard, 
Schnorbitz, earns his biscnits 
by arntriboting an extravagant 

And the audience, needless 
to say, is detigbted with snch 
displays of penetrative induc- 
tion as “Is he in the entertain* 
meat business?" “Yes” “Is he 
' m television?” “Yes” (app- 

Yesterday’s series-opener 
had Ted Rogers, John Inman 
and Nanette Newman (“a 
wonderful mum herself") 

- striving valiantly to guess the 

* identity of Ynri Geller’s tiny 

* tots; Henry Cooper's younger 
son, Mike Winters's grand- 
daughter and (a wild card, 

* this) Samantha Fox’s mother. 
Miss Fox herself, who t amed 
ont not to be famous as an ice- 
skater, emerged to acknowl- 
edge her public's acclaim and 
crack a joke about growing np 
to be a big girL 

The fifth part of The Afri- 
cans (BBCl) provided alto- 
gether more sober fare, as Ali 
A- Mazrni took his eclectic 

* wardrobe and laboured jour- 
nalese on a tour of dm 
continent's more recent trou- 
ble-spots. Since trouble and 
1 Africa have beat more or less 

synonymous, from Algiers to 

- Johannesburg, this was a tall 
order to fill, and — as with the 

■ rest of toe series to date — 

■ there was not much to distin- 

guish this oinmg from toe kind 
of treatment offered by the 
Open University. . _ .. 

Martin Cropper 

The Opera Theatre of Saint 
Louis has a reputation for 
careful production and an 
atmosphere that brings the 
best out of young singers: 
as die man who made that 
reputation steps down, 
Paul Griffiths reports on 
the new season’s offerings 

Joyce Gayer revealing a voice 
of bright promise and thrust 
as Constanza iu Die 
Entf&hnmg ans dem SeraO 

Colin Graham's dramatic 
coup in wring «wwn children 
to mime tie coronation hi 
The Journey to Rhams 

Serious comedy 
and frothy farce 

After 10 years. Opera Theatre Saint 
Louis has lost its prime mover, 
Richard Gaddes, but not the welcom- 
ing ambience that cheers fine perfor- 
mances from rising young singers, or 
the sense of care and responsibility in 
the productions. No doubt the hit of 
the present season will be counted to 
be the American premise of 
Rossini's Journey to Rbeims, pro- 
duced by rinliii Graham in a manner 
at once ebullient and affectionate, 
and thrown off in fine style by a lively 
cast.. But equally distinguished was 
the sober, luminous and illuminating 
production of Die Entfthrang by 
Graham Vide it is good to knowthis 
will be repeated by Opera North next 

Vick makes the piece an unusually 
serious opera, echoing sometimes 
uncannily with motifs to be devel- 
oped in Cos! and The Magic Flute 
especially, but also substantial in its 
own right. Sometimes he presses the 
dramatic weight too hard: a scene for 
the Pasha mid Constanza at table 
opens in still dumb-show for several 
minutes, and simply cannot seize 
attention even in the relatively 
intimate ambience of the Loretto- 
Hilton Theater. But generally, with 
the help of Andrew Porter’s transla- 
tion and an intelligent cast, he draws 
out full and dignified characters. 

Joyce Guyer (a* voice of bright 
promise and: thrust) as Constanza, 
John LaPierre as Belmonte and Peter 
Francis James as the Pasha all had 

room to find a wealth of variety 
among the distressed nobilities of 
love, while David Eisier provided an 
ardent, determined young Pedrfllo 
and Cheryl Parrish a Blonde of cool 
level-headedness but attractively 
warm vocal colour. It could possibly 
have been too uncomic a comedy 
were it not that Kevin Rupnik's set 
offers at once severity and easy 
opportunities for farce: the former in 
the blank masonry right across the 
stage, the latter in the multiplicity of 
doors it turns out to contain. It also 
offers inviting spaces for lighting, to 
bathe a production of assiduous 

The Rossini was more simply a 
frolic. This is the coronation opera 
that had its first modem performance 
at Pesaro in 1984, and Saint Louis 
had the advantage of advice not only 
from the score's reconstructor, Janet 
Johnson, but from the Rossini schol- 
ar Philip Gossett, who worked with 
the singers in developing an appropri- 
ately flamboyant, exhibitionist style 
of ornamentation. The naturalness of 
the result, along with the sometimes 
spectacular bravura, must be a tribute 
to him as well as to the abilities of the 
singers, among whom the tenor 
Richard Croft showed himself a 
radiant artist of coloratura lyricism. 

Nobody else was quite on that level 
of perfected achievement, though 
there were strong contributions from 
the soprano Donna Zapola (possessed 
of an opulent but dear sound, and a 

stage presence big enough for her to 
act the prima donna), from the quite 
different, colder and decisive soprano 
Stephanie Friede, from the amusingly 
po-faced mezzo Melanie Sonnenberg 
and from Patricia Schumann as the 
light-spirited, warm-hearted hostess. 
Others offered effective character 
performances: Eric Halfvarson as the 
Don Alfonso-like cunning magus, 
Kurt link as the irrepressibly good- 
humoured German general and Jan 
Opalach as Lord Sidney (nice to know 
that English stuffiness is still as funny 
in Saint Louis in 1986 as it was in Par- 
is in 1825). 

Colin Graham shuffled the cards 
brilliantly, but his chief dramatic 
coup was to use tiny children, 
magnificently dressed as maskers, for* 
the ballet and the mimed coronation: 
an exactly right injection of levity 
into the optimistic finale (after all, we 
know, as Rossini may well have 
suspected, that Charles X was not 
entirely a Good Thing). Richard 
Buckley's musical direction, and the 
playing of the Saint Louis Symphony, 
brought out the froth and the 
sumptuousness of the score. 

The other journey outside standard 
repertory was to Knoxville, summer 
1915, for William Mayer’s adaptation 
of A Death in the Family — if 
“adaptation” is quite the word for a 
ruthless reduction of James Agee's 
admittedly pretentious prose to make 
bald dialogue fora three-act melodra- 
ma. There is a nice little scene where 

an access of vainglory on the boy 
Rufos’s part is boldly bodied forth in 
a staged fantasy, but otherwise the 
music hardly does more than provide 
watered-down Britten ish supporting 
sounds. Menoui-like outbursts of 
diatonic passion, and Americana. 
Still, the evening was held together by 
some excellent performances, notably 
from Jake Gardner, who sang and 
acted the ideal dad, from the treason- 
able young lyric soprano Dawn 
Upshaw, from the appealing mezzo 
Phyllis Pancella and from the strong, 
ripe black soprano Deborah Ford. 
Mayer had at least provided chances 
for an ensemble company to show its 

The Tales of Hoffmann, of course, 
is something else, and perhaps too big 
and star-centred for Saint Louis. 
Colin Graham's production followed 
his 1970 ENO staging in distancing 
itself from the traditional score, 
which meant that the sensitive, pure- 
toned soprano Juliana Grodek was 
not obliged to lore her calm in the 
usual Olympia aria, but the smallness 
of the stage and the disappointingly 
prosaic lead from Michael Myers 
made the opera seem, perhaps not 
wholly unsuitably, misguided. Car- 
men next year seems a still more 
parlous notion: one looks forward 
much more to Handel and another 
Rossini from this choice company, 
which could be set for another decade 
of stylish achievement under the new 
leadership of Charles MacKay. 

St Magnus Festival 

Awakening ghosts 

The Lighthouse 
Phoenix Cinema, 

Here, at the end of the St 
Magnus Festival, was a strik- 
ing demonstration that there 
is indeed a local audience for 
Maxwell Davies, enough to 
pack the cinema with several 
hundred people to see his 
opera of hysterical lighthouse- 
keepers. And they were re- 
warded whh a performance of 
vivid intensity. The Fires of 
London under Gunter Bauer 
Schenk brimmed with life and 
character in every depart- 
ment, though special praise 
must go to Richard Watkins, 
the horn player, for his 
whooping virtuoso interroga- 
tions and to Mark Glentworth 
for his fast slaloms up and 
down the marimba. The cast 
too was excellent. 

Neil Mackie is the perfect 
Davies tenor, with a bright 
radiance that lives dangerous- 
ly in its sensitivity. Henry 
Herford was the strong Blazes, 
the imem peraien ess of toe 
man enhanced by his Scottish 
accent (characterization in 
this work is on that level of 
directness), and Ian Comboy 
offered a warm yet dark 
portrait of the self-satisfied 

Only the piece itself remains 
a puzzle. Ghost stories gener- 
ally work because tbey set out 
from a thoroughly recogniz- 
able world and then introduce 
strangeness, but The Light- 
house is bizarre and grotesque 
right from the start, with the 
opening court scene so elabo- 
rately stylized and the main 
act at once set in a style of 

caricature: Arthur is singing in 
goody-goody falsetto almost 
as soon as he opens his mouth. 
Then again, the set of song- 
famasies for the three keepers 
looks a wooden device, each 
one an unashamed parody, 
each following the last as if 
tbey were party pieces. Yet the 
power of the climax is not only 
unforgettable but also un- 
avoidable, no matter how well 
one t hinks one knows the 

Perhaps this is not such a 
conundrum. Davies may be 
giving one every reason to 
discount the opera on dramat- 
ic grounds, only then reveal- 
ing that music really can 
awaken the ghosts we have 
thought to be freed from. If so, 
David William's production 
may be operating in a similar 
fashion. Some of its naturalis- 
tic detail, like the mimed 
walking upstairs and even the 
lighthouse itself, invites deri- 
sion, and yet the return of the 
keepers as automated dum- 
mies is a telling realization of 
the ending. 

With this performance 
Davies's term as artistic direc- 
tor of the Si Magnus Festival 
came to an end. His farewell 
announcement left no doubt 
that he hopes his successor, 
Glenys Hughes, will hold to 
his commitment to “the high- 
est possible artistic stan- 
dards”. It also left no doubt 
that this has been a struggle. 
The 1987 festival is scheduled 
to revive The Martyrdom of St 
Magnus, but there must be 
doubt that it will be able, 
without Davies at the fore- 
front, to be at once interna- 
tional and local 

Paul Griffiths 


Barbara Cook 
Donmar Warehouse 

For those with memories of 
Broadway in the 1950s, or 
cherished old recordings of 
Candide and The Music Man, 
it will seem rather late in the 
day for anybody to be discov- 
ering Barbara Cook. However, 
an event is an event however 
long overdue; and Tuesday 
night's West End debut 
milked a personal conquest 
outmatching anything I have 
ever witnessed at the Palladi- 
um or Drury Lane. 


Elizabeth Hall 

The similarities between Man- 
rice Durufle's Requiem and 
' Fame's muled masterpiece of 
half a century earlier have 
tended to obscure the later 
work’s unique properties. In- 
habiting mudi the same world 
of misty harmonies and unde- 
monstrative lyricism, Durufle 
is at once more ascetic yet 
‘more extrovert. The modal 
contours and metrical free- 
doms of plainsong seep from 
Dun>fl6*s melodies like in- 
. cense from a thurible; but in 
combination it is their sensu- 
ality rather than their spiritu- 
ality that overwhelms, and at 
The natural climaxes of the 
Requiem Durufle strives for 
(and often achieves) a bolder 
impact than was ever part of 
Fame’s scheme. 

These sudden transitions, 
from ecclesiastical polyphony 
to brilliant fervour, were espe- 
cially noticeable under An- 
drew Lftton's direction. He 
made much, for example, of 
the sudden surge in the 
“Kyrie” where the trumpets 
break away from their cantus 
finnus lines into strident par- 
allel triads.. There .was a 
similar excitement in his han- 
dling of the “Sanctus”, where 
the cross-rhythms and unset- 
tled modulations are suddenly 
marshalled into an unambign- 
‘ ous blare of E flat major. 

Perhaps his emphasis on. 
urgency eliminated some of 
the work’s, majesty: the accele- 
rando in “Libera me’’ seemed 
artificially whipped up, and 
the gorgeous final cadence of 
the work (a ripe slither ending 
on a jazzy ninth) should suidy 
have been milked for as long 
as the singers had breath. 
Otherwise Litton deserves 
credit for revealing the poten- 
tial of this under-performed 

So, too, do his forces. The 
Tallis Chamber Choir dis- 
played an appealing timbre 
and considerable control in 
the forte passages. John Scott 
skimmed through the com- 
plex organ passageworic dex- 
trously, though Durufle surely 
hart in mind an instrument 
■with a . grander palette r of 
colours! The mezzo Judith 
Rowan b and the baritone 
Anthony M ichacls-M oore 
toe small solos with 
appropriate restraint. 

• Earlier the English Chamber 
Orchestra brought style and 
pungency to for jollier French 
repertoire:. Debussy’s Petite 
Suite, in which even the 

timpani playing was. elegant; 

and Francaix's L'Horloge de 
flare, where the oboist Neil 
Black flowered among ihe 
flowers and made us forget foe 
time,- _ 

- RichardMorrison 

Opera in Europe 

Primitive material devastatingly used 

Katya Kabanova 
Smetana Theatre, 

The fascination of Katya 
Kabanova lies not so much in 
a quixotic old composer's 
sense of engagement with a 
harried young woman as in 
the way Janafek uses the most 
primitive of materials to such 
devastating effect. The relent- 
less ostinatos. the bald libretto 
and the telescoping of events 
in toe last act — all are tools of 
a compression which help to 
generate the explosive poten- 
tial of the musical drama. The 
best productions — like the 
latest staged by the National 
Theatre ensemble in Prague — 
recognize that this concentra- 
tion of tension and emotion in 
the score precludes anything 
but the most supportive of 
visual settings. 

This production was staged 
for the Prague Spring Festival, 
one of East Europe's happiest 
musical celebrations, which 
has just passed its fortieth 
anniversary. The staging bene- 
fits greatly from the experi- 
ence of Josef Svoboda, who 
has designed three previous 
postwar productions of Katya 
in Prague. With a double 
gauze to project the natural 
elements of foliage, storm and 
river, the set is another unmis- 
takable Svoboda creation, full 
of perspective and ample 

The period is the 1860s, as 
Jand£ek wanted, with authen- 
tic costumes by Olga FflipL 
Religious references are ac- 
knowledged in toe icons deco- 
rating toe Kabanov home, and 
whh a touch of irony in the 
crucifix worn by Kabanicha. 
Apart from the storm se- 
quence. which takes place in 
the shelter of a rode under- 
pass, the Volga hovers pas- 
sively behind each scene in a 
series o (black-and-white stills, 
its gentle eddies and flickering 
sunlight ■ suggesting ambiva- 
lence until a wan tranquility 
settles for Katya's suicide. 

Visually, then , it is a.dasric 
staging and . one that draws 
profitably on the cohesion of 
the Prague ensemble. It is 
to bear the work sung in 
and to observe m Karel 
Jeraek's stage direction, sot 
just an acknowledgement of 
the orchestra’s transcendent 
power but an avoidance of toe 
stereotyped acting perfor- 
mances to be seen in much of 
toe other Prague repertory. 
Several voices are familiar 
from the acclaimed Mackerras 
recording, the. main exception , 
being Gabriels Befiaekova's 
comely ...and. life-enhancing 
Katya, • 

- Miss Beflafikova deserves § 

Radiant, life-enhancing power: Gabriela BffraCkova (left) 
with the bright stage presence of Lfbuse M&rova 

toe widest possible exposure 
in this role. She sings with 
radiant power, her voice never 
seeming underpressure except 
when conveying the quiver of 
intimate emotion. She also 
shows a good deal more 
sophistication than the or- 
chestra under Framisek Vaj- 
nar, who conducts a reading of 
raw energy and impulse. 

The other characters act as 
the human surfaces by which 
Katya is emotionally caressed 
and tormented, their physical 
relationship mere symbols of 
her isolation. There is the 
girlish affection Katya re- 
ceives from the Varvara of 
Lib use Marova, whose bright 
stage presence makes up for 
her ochre timbre. There is 

everything of the foul-mou- 
thed spitting brute in Dalibor 
Jedlicka's Dikoy, whose drun- 
ken intimacy with Kabanicha 
goes just for enough to appal 
toe imagination. And there is 
the Boris of Miroslav Kopp, a 
young tenor whose timidity 
throws into relief Katya's one- 
sided need to love and be 

For all his coarse vocal 
manners, toe Tichon of 
Miroslav Frydlewicz is toe 
ideal foil to both Katya and 
Kabanicha: his bulky frame is 
no more able to embrace his 
wife than separate from his 
mother’s apron strings, and he 
caves in at toe end like an 
oveigrown schoolboy blub- 
bing at Mummy's knees. 

Nadezda Kniplova sings 
Kabanicha, a role which, 
along with Kosielnicka in 
Jertufa, she has made her own 
during toe past 20 years on 
stage and on record. Though 
the top of toe voice is less true 
than before, her command of 
the jagged exclamations of 
Kabamcba's vocal line is in- 
tact, and it is hard to distin- 
guish where her character- 
ization leaves toe voice and 
becomes toe person. She glow- 
ers over Katya as Act I 
shudders to its sinister conclu- 
sion, she jerks Katya's face 
into token subservience in the 
domestic scene that follows, 
and triumphantly prevents 
anyone from interrupting 
Katya's confession. It is an 
awesome portrait of human 

Andrew Clark 

Wells windfall 

An imaginative and unusual 
act of sponsorship announced 
yesterday will save Sadler's 
Wells Theatre for toe immedi- 
ate future and contribute sub- 
stantially to many other areas 
of dance in Britain. Half a 
million pounds is on offer over 
two years in a package named 
Partners in Dance. Three- 
quarters of that is a gift from 
toe Digital Equipment Com- 
pany, toe balance being made 
up of matching grants from the 
Government's Business Spon- 
sorship Incentive Scheme. 

The biggest share, of 
£200,000, goes to Sadler's 
Wells. A further £100,000 
pays for toe DEC Dance 
Awards, open to any dance 
company that receives Arts 
Coned] or Regional Arts sop- 
port. They are for commission- 
ing new choreography. 

The rest of toe money is to 
be shared among London Fes- 
tival Ballet, towards a new 
Nutcracker this Christmas, 
Ballet Rambert and London 
Contemporary Dance Theatre 
to support touring and London 
season, and toe Royal Acade- 


School of 
ship foods. 

Geoff Shingles, 

and toe Central 
for sebotar- 

a mm a gin g 

director of Digital, said they 
had chosen to concentrate on 
one art where they could make 
a worthwhile impact, and that 
they would offer additional 
help in the form of continuing 
advice on marketing, adminis- 
tration and other functions. 

The grant to Sadler’s Wells 
makes the theatre safe for this 
year and significantly helps 
next year, allowing advance 
planning to resume. A full 
programme of dance seasons 
for the autumn will be an- 
nounced next week. 

This does not completely 
solve the problem of inade- 
quate housing for dance in 
London. For that, the profes- 
sion is now recognizing that 
Sadler's Wells and a larger 
theatre are both needed. Nego- 
tiations continue to try to 
secure the Lyceum; a principal 
in them says the process is 
“like swimming in mud”, but a 
guarded optimism remains. 


A middle-aged lady of unre- 
markable appearance. Miss 
Cook wastes no time over 
transatlantic courtesies or s to- 
nes about the old days. She is 
there to sing, and what she has 
to tell us about herself comes 
exclusively through the music 
She comes on singing “I've 
Loved a Piano” (as well she 
might with such an accompa- 
nist as the steel-fingered Wally 
Harper), announces tersely 
"George Gershwin wrote 
these songs” and launches into 
a programme that variously 
causes your heart to pound 
and your mouth to drop open 
in ecstatic appreciation of 
such sound and such emotion- 
al truth. 

And, as with all great per- 
formers, all you can really say 
is that she pushes her material 
beyond the usual boundaries. 
Most obviously she is a sopra- 
no of extreme vocal purity and 
range of colour. When she 
delivers a fastidious lyric, toe 
effect is to make singing seem 
an i deal form of human 
speech. Every time a line 
recurs it means something 
different When she goes into 
scat or tears into “Sweet 
Georgia Brown” you can feel 
the earth shifting under your 
feet Jazz rhythms are an- 
chored to the bar-line, so that, 
when she tugs loose from h, 
syncopation appears as a feat 
of amazing physical strength. 

Whether in stormy arrange- 
ments of great old numbers or 
more recent songs by Harry 
Nilsson and Melissa Manches- 
ter, toe partnership with Mr 
Harper is crudaL He is an 
accompanist who gives no 
quarter. The top of the 
Yamaha is removed, and 
when it comes to climaxes be 
plays it like an an vfl. The joint 
performance is at once an 
immaculately precise partner- 
ship and a merciless contest 
London at present has nothing 
more thrilling to offer. 

Irving Wardle 

Harrison Birtwistle's Tonight at 700 
acclaimed STANDBY £6.50 from 10.00am* 

new work tenoned eallen only. 

' 'ambitious, large-scale, spectacular j 
and thought-provoking . 
music theatre at Its most 

attesting " London St andar d 



National Opera Box Office 
London Coliseum 01-836 3161 
St Martin's Lane Credit Cards 

London WC2 01-240 525B 



439 0791 


839 1527 



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(White ladies) ABC 
LEEDS Odeon 

(Oxford Road) Cannon 
(George St) ABC 






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la - 

All’s well that ends well as Globe goes ahead 

By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

Mr Sam Wanamaker. an 
American actor and director, 
has confirmed plans for an 
authentic replica of 
Shakespeare's Globe Play- 
house on its original site on 
London's South Bank, after a 
High Court wrangle was set- 
tled yesterday. 

Mr Justice Harman an- 
nounced an out of court settle- 
ment on the dispute over a 
1981 agreement to provide 
council land for the theatre at 
Greenmore Wharf. South- 
wark. as part of a redevelop- 
ment scheme to have been 
carried out by Derno Estates. 

Under its terms. Southwark 
council will pay Derno 
£7J million in compensation 
for failure to implement the 
agreement, and give the 
Shakespeare Globe Trust a 
125-year tease on the one-acre 
site at a peppercorn rent. 

The present Labour council, 
elected in May 1982, had 
decided its priority was to 
provide employment and coun- 
cil housing, and had declared 
the original agreement void on 
the grounds that some of its 
conditions had not been ful- 
filled — notably the relocation 
of a road sweepers' depot 

Mr Wanamaker. aged 67, 
said he was “delighted and 

Mr Wanamaker was con- 
nected with the short-lived 
New Shakespeare Theatre in 
Liverpool, which was widely 
admired but dosed in 1959 
with estimated liabilities of 
more than £100,000. 

He leaves for America next 
weekend on a fund-raising trip 
for the Globe. He estimates 
the cost of the scheme at 
£12 million at current prices. 
Firm pledges of support so far 
total £1.7 million. 

Construction of the circular 
open-air theatre will begin as 
soon as possible, and it is 
hoped it can open in 1991. 

Scholars at international 
conferences have agreed on the 
design, incorporating three 
tiers of galleries (originally 
roofed with thatch) and the 
Duke of Edinburgh has set 
aside an oak at Windsor Great 
Park for a foundation post. 

A resident company will 
perform the works of Shake- 
speare and his contemporaries 
during daylight hours for 
about four months a year, also 
using an integrated recon- 
struction of Inigo Jones's 
smaller Cockpit theatre. For 

Sam Wanamaker clutching the celebration champagne and the lease to the South Bank site yesterday. (Photograph: Dod Miller) 

the remainder, the company 
will go on tour and the 
complex will be offered to' 
schools, colleges and commu- 
nity projects. 

The original theatre is 
thought to have held up to 
3.000 people, butsafety regula- 
tions will limit the replica's 
capacity to 1.500. 

Mr Wanamaker would like 
to provide employment for the 
youth of the borough through 
the Manpower Services Com- 
mission to help complete the 

The original Globe, built in 
1599 at a cost of £600. burned 
down 14 years later when the 
thatched roof caught fire from 
the wadding of a gun dis- 
charged during a performance 
of Henry VIII. Quickly rebuilt 
with a tiled roof, it lasted a 
farther 30 years before Oliver 
Cromwell had it torn down. 

Letter from Johannesburg 

Healey, the walking press conference 

Bruce Anderson, accompany- 
ing Denis Healey on his 
Southern African tour, reports 
on the shadow Foreign 
Secretary's meeting yesterday 
with firs Winnie Mandela 

Delmas is a sleepy little dorp 
deep in the Veldt Apart from 
a horse and cart delivering 
coal, the main activity seemed 
to be birdsong— and a treason 
trial. In a magistrates* court 
which looks as if it had been 
designed to deal with severe 
cases of illegal parking, 22 
leading members of the UDF 
and Azapo, the black con- 
sciousness movement have 

been facing charges, some of 
which could carry the death 

On the 101st day of their 
trial. Denis Healey came to 
express his solidarity. 

Two cardboard boxes of 
food and drink had been 
brought along for the defen- 
dants' (and Mr Healey's) 
lunch. Mr Healey and The 
Times correspondent carried 
the boxes into the courtroom 
without being searched. In- 
deed, Mr Healey concluded 
from the absence of security 
that the Government was not 
really serious about winning 
convictions, but merely want- 
ed to keep prominent black 

leaders out of circulation — 
but the defence counsel do not 
wholly support his optimism. 

Mr Healey then rushed back 
to J ohannesburg to see Wi nnie 
Mandela. His hosts, the South 
African Council of Churches, 
are charming, sincere and 
rather unworldly people — far 
too unworldly to be able to 
organise meetings. 

Anyway, after being pur- 
sued through the Johannes- 
burg traffic by a posse of 
television journalists. Mr 
Healey and Mrs Mandela at 
last met at the flat of her 
lawyer Ismail Ayob. Mr 
Healey gave Winnie a letter 
from Neil Kinnock and a copy 

of one ofEdna Healey's books. 
Wives of Fame , about Mes- 
dames Darwin, Livingstone 
and Marx. Mrs Mandela 
seemed more intellectual than 
Mrs Livingstone and .less ha- 
rassed than Mrs Marx. 

Mr Healey has been pleas- 
antly surprised by the extent 
to which he has been able to 
express his views. He now 
feels under no inhibition and 
has even considered a planned 
press conference in Lusaka, on 
the grounds that by then he 
will have said everything al- 
ready. In fed. he is a walking 
press conference — except 
when he breaks off to do some 
photographing himself. 

Britain in 
protest to 

Continued from page 1 

of the South African 

But she emphasized the 
need for “effective measures.” 
She said:"Measures which 
simply brook greater trouble 

would simply do no good - 
not for the Commonwealth, 
not for this country and 
certainly not for black people 
in South Africa." 

But Mrs Chalker faced the 
unconcealed hostility of the 
Tory right over her meeting 
with Mr Tam bo. 

The most outspoken was 
Mr Jerry Wiggin, MP for 
Weston-super-Mare, who said 
that the Government was^now 
“treating with terrorists.” an 
accusation that the Mrs 
Chalker denied. 

She was jeered by Back 
Benchers when she described 
Mr Tam bo as "a man who 
certainly impressed yesterday 
with his total deslike of 

Mrs Chalker added:”We are 
in no way treating with terror- 
ists. We are trying to solve a 
problem which the whole 
House believes has continued 
for too long.” 

She received equal support 
from the Back Benchers, and 
backing from the opposition 
parties for holding the talks 
with Mr Tambo. 

Mr Mark Carlisle told her 
that many Conservative MPs 
believed she was right to talk 
to the ANC as an important 
voice to be beard at this time. 
He called for measures to 
safeguard the Commonwealth 
and force change in South 

Mrs Chalker announced to 
MPs that a diplomatic protest 
had been made to the South 
African Government. She said 
the Government deplored the 
actions of a regime that insti- 
tuted a state of emergency 
with 180-day detentions. 

From the opposition From 
Bench. Mr George Robertson 
congratulated Mrs Chalker for 
“changing Mrs Thatcher’s line 
on meeting Oliver Tambo" 
and called on her to ignore 
“isolated and 

unrepresentative" Tory oppo- 
sition to sanctions. 

tells press 
to ‘toe 
the line 9 

Continued from page 2 

limitation on what the newspa- 
pers can report.” 

(The emergency regulations 
permit no filming or sound 
recording of "unrest", nor any 
first-hand reporting of same 
by print journalists, nor any 
“news or comment" on the 
conduct of the security forces 
without prior approval.) 

Mr Nel did not specify what 
action would be taken again s t 
foreign newspapers deemed 
not to have complied with the 
regulations. He named no 
names, but said it was dear 
that some newspapers had 
tried to observe the regulations 
while others bad not- It was np 
to journalists, he said, to 
interpret the regulations for 
themselves and comply with 

Since the emergency was 
imposed, one CBS News cam- 
eraman, Mr Wim De Vos, a 
Dutch national, has been ex- 
pelled. Two other foreign jour- 
nalists. an American, Mr 
Richard Manning, the bureau 
chief of <Vi vstnek, and Mr 
pan Sagir, an Israeli free- 
lance, have been ordered to 

Mr Manning will have to 
leare by midnight today onless 
an appeal he has lodged 
a gains t his expulsion is suc- 
cessful. Mr Sagir was original- 
ly told to leave by the same 
time, but has been given two 
days* grace because there is no 
El Al flight to Israel until 

The general-secretary of the 
Congress of South African 
Trade Unions (Cosatu), Mr 
Jay Naidoo, came out of 
hiding yesterday to tell foreign 
journalists that 70 of. its key 
officials were in detention, and 
scores of others in hiding. He 
said that Cosatu planned to 
hold an open meeting of its 
central executive committee on 
July 1. 

In Parliament — which now 
goes into recess anti! the 
second half of August remov- 
ing the one forum where 
controversial matters could be 
aired without restriction — 
Mrs Suzman said it was 
disgraceful that Mr Louis Le 
Grange, the Minister of Law 
and Order, was not prepared 
to reveal the names of detain- 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen will start the 
Commonwealth Games relay 
message from Buckingham Pal- 
ace. 12.40: later accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, she 
attends a reception to mark the 
50th Anniversary of The 
Queen's Flight, St James's Pal- 
ace. SW1. 6.30. 

The Duke of Edinburgh will 
present Colours to the 2nd 
Battalion of the 51st Highland 
Volunteers. Cooper Paris. Elgin. 
Morayshire. 10.45. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales attend the Reception to 
mark the 50th Anniversary - of 
The Queen's Flight, St James's 
Palace. 5W1, 6.30: Princess 
Margaret and The Duke and 

Duchess of Kent will also 

Prince Michael of Kent at- 
tends the Firepower and Mobil- 
ity Exhibition. The Royal 
Armoured Corps Centre 
Bovington Camp, Bovington, 

New exhibitions 
BA (Hons) Three Dimen- 
sional Design Degree Show; 
John Sandford Sports Centre, 
Leicester Polytechnic; Mon to 
Fri 10 to 8. Sat 10 to 4 (ends 
June 281. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Attitudes, international 
jewellery; Aberdeen Art Gallery, 
Schoolhill. Aberdeen: Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5. Tburs 10 to 7. Sun 2 
to 5 (ends June 29). 

Indian Miniatures; Graham 
Robertson Room. Fitzwilliam 
Museum, Cambridge; Tues to 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,082 


1 Arrange certain bars without 
a licence (10k 

6 The second sucker to be so 
complacent! (4). 

9 Mac's way to weaken the 
evidence (10). 

10 One containing hydrogen 
gives physical discomfort 

12 Concept giving rise to un- 
easiness ( 12). 

15 Boy with Cockney girl flirt 

17 Excuse for my declaration 
of political allegiance (5). 

18 Allowed to be in charge 
when retired in France (5). 

19 Descriptive of the son of 
writing in original city lists 

20 Motorway rejected by 
American slate capital - 
what short-sightedness (12). 

24 One twice observed wading 
in the river? (4). 

25 European countryman 
accommodating a student - 
from Penh, perhaps (10). 

26 Kronos’s son returning to 
port (4). 

27 Repel a bold eccentric? It's 
shameful (10). 


1 Wherein oppidans proceed 
in two directions? (4). 

2 A noted performer in the 
Royal Tournament (4). 

3 Picture-story shortly to ap- 
pear about outing on farm 
vehicle (5,7). 

Concise crossword 

4 Less dense but of greater ex- 
cellence (5). 

5 Relatively affectionate, like 
Unde Sam's Jonathan (9). 

7 In conditions of poor 
visibility a feature of these 
sewers? (10). 

8 Bird found originally in 
leafy island (10). 

11 Untenable position for an 
enfeebled professor? (7.5). 

13 Upset one family’s game 
( 10 ). 

14 Mark, for one. covers 
fashionable branch of learn- 
ing (10). 

16 University tested it badly, 
being without resources (9). 

21 Praise former set-up (5). 

22 Member associated with the 
main branch (4). 

23 Supported by initiators of 
coups, especially in times 
past (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,081 

Sat 2 to 5, Sun 2.15 to 5 (ends 
July 20). 


Concert by Anthony Williams 
(bass) and Janusz Piotrowicz 
(piano): Grantley Hall, RJpoii. 8, 
Redial, by Jane Manning 
(soprano) and John McCabe 
(piano); Aishcr Hall, Sevenoaks 
School. 8. 

Organ redtal by Alfred 
Champniss; St Stephen's, 
Bournemouth, 7.30. 

Reritai by Scottish Opera; 
Inverness Cathedral. I. 

Concert by University of 
Exeter Choral Soriety; Exeter 
Cathedral, S. 

Organ redtal by MFTC 
Chamber Ensemble: Liverpool 
Parish Church, Pier Head, 1.05. 

Folk Ceilidh by the Oyster 
Band; Main Marquee. PendJey, 
8 . 

Redtal by Musica Donum 
Dei; Holy Trinity Church, 
Wysall. 7.15. 

Concert by the American 
Methodist Youth Chorale; Cov- 
entry Cathedral. 1. 

Concrn by The Light Blues: 
Belton House. Grantham. 7 JO. 

Redtal by The Age of 
Enlightenment Orchestra; Town 
Hall. Oxford. 8. 

Concert by Rumillajia; 
Taliesin Arts Centre. Singleton 
Pk. Swansea. 7.30. 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra; 
Birmingham Town Hall. 7.30. 

Jazz by the Clarendon Sing- 
ers; Trinity Arts Centre Foyer. 
Church Rd. Tunbridge Wells. 

Talks and lectures 

Space Photography by Rich- 
ard Underwood (NASA Photog- 
rapher): National Museum of 
Photography. Film and Tele- 
vision, Princes View, Bradford. 
6. 30- 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): European 
Communities (Amendment) 
Bill, continuation of committee 

Books — paperback 

irds (3.0): Wages BtIL 
committee stage. Family Law 
Bill, report stage. 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 83 (high). 
Forecast for today, higher. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Wcathcrline: 01-246 
809 1 . which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

Jazz aid 

The Arts Council is offering 
bursaries to help professional 
jazz musicians with the prepara- 
tion of specific projects or the 
development of longer-term 
ideas in jazz/improvised music. 
Applicants should be pro- 
fessional musicians working in 

The scheme is not open to 
full-time students, nor is it 
intended to support full-time 
educational activities or the 
purchase of equipment. Pre- 
vious applicants may reapply, 
except for bursary winners in 
1984 and 1985. 

For an application form write, 
enclosing a stamped addressed 
envelope, to John Muir. Music 
Officer. 105 Piccadilly. London 
WlV 0AU. Closing date for 
completed applications is Au- 
gust 22. 

The Literary Editor’s selection of interesting books published this 


A Glimpse of Sion's Glory, by Isabel Colegate (Penguin, £2.95) 
Crusoe’s Daughter, by Jane Ganbun (Abacus, £3.95) 

The Adventures of Sally, by P.G. Wodehouse (Penguin. £2.50) 
The Battle of Pollocks Crossing, by J-L. Carr (Penguin, £1.95) 

The Man on the Rock, by Francis King(GMP, £3.95) 

No Conceivable Injury, The story of Britain and Australia's atomic 
cover-up, by Robert Milliken (Penguin, £3.95) 

Slow Boats Home, by Gavin Young (Penguin, £3.95) 

So Far From God, A Journey to Central America, by Patrick 
Mamfaam (Penguin, £3.95) 

Sunrise with Monsters, by Paul Theroux (Penguin, £3.95) 

Ted Hughes, A Critical Study, for Terry Gifford and Neil 
Roberts PH 

The pound 




Austria Sch 


Belgium Fr 


n't > 



^ T 

Denmark Kr 






France Fr 



Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 











Italy Uia 



Japan Yen 



Netherlands GM 



Norway Kr 



Portugal Eac 


South Africa Rd 



Spain Pta 



Swedv.i Kr 



Switzerland Fr 






Yugoslavia Dnr 



Rates tor small denomi na t io n bank notes 
only as supp&ed by Barclays Bank PIC. 
Di Harem raws apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retail Price Index: 388 

London; The FT Max dosed up 5.4 at 


Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 6.45 pin approx- 


London md the earth wnt At 11; 
Temporary kghts as Barnet Ln reduced to 
snde tana near the junction with 
Edgwarabury Ln. A2Z7: Work el 
Meopham between Vigo and Meopham 
Greer continues to cause delays, use 
M20, M25 and A228 as atamafre routes. 
M3: N bound carriageway dosed between 
junctions 8 [ Win che s ter] and 9 (Pgphom), 
diversion via the A33 sWrpostBd- 

The MUtands: Ml: N bmmd entry end S 
bound exit of junction 18 (Rugby) dosed. 
MS: Contraflow between junctions 4 
(Bromsgrora) and 5 (Droitwicn), afl access 
po in t s at junction 5 now open. A38: 
Contraflow at BurtormrvTrorrt bypass. 

The North: A1(Mj: Contraflow between 
Aydfffa and Burma i n terc ha nges. Co 
Durham, N bound carriageway and appro- 
te shproads dosed, diversions operat- 
MS: Contraflow b o tw n en junctions 31 
ston) end 32 (Bteckpoof), traffic 
joining S bound carriageway from MSS/AS 
re st ric te d to singie lane. M62: Lane 
closures between junctions 19 (A6048) 
and 21 (A840). Greater Manchester. 

Wales and flie West M5: Lane closures 
on N and 5 bound carriageways between 
junctions 25 (Taunton) and 28 [Waflfng- 
ton). A4; Roadworks on Bath Rd. Bristol, 
between Eagle Rd and Kensawun Pk Rd. 
A3X Temporary lights on Sherboume 
Causeway between Yeovil and 

Scotland: Mfl: Lighting mainte na nce 
between junctions 19 and 23. Glasgow, 
with outside lanes dosed on N and S 
bound carriageways from 9 am to 4 pm. 
M9: Bridge works between junctions 9 
(M80) and 10 (A84). Stirtng. with N bow) 
camageway dosed, two way S bound. 
M74: Motorway extension N of 
Lesmahagow. two way traffic on new N 
bound carriageway. 

Times Portfolio Gold rates are as 

1 TimM Portfolio it free. Purchase 
or The Times is not a condition of 
ukine part. 

2 Times Portfolio I tel comprises a 

group of public companies whose 

sham are listed on Ute Stock 
Exchange and quoted m The Times 
Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies ro morning that list will 
change from day to day. The list 
■ which Is numbered l - 44) te divided 
Into four randomly distributed groups 

of 11 shares. Every Portfolio card 

contains two numbers from each 

group and racn card contains a 

unique set of numbers. 

3 Tunes Portfolio ■dividend' will be 
the figure In pence which mresenls 
the optimum movement In prices il.e. 
the loroesl increase or lowest loss) of a 
combination of eight (two from each 
randomly dntrlbuied group within the 
44 sharesi of the 44 shares which on 
any one day comprise The Times 
Portfolio list. 

4 The dally dividend will be 
announced each day and Use weekly 
dividend wiu be announced each 
Saturday ln The Times. 

5 Times PortfoUo as and details of 
the dally or weekly dividend will also 
be available for inspection u the 
offices of The Times. 

more than one com 

price moven 
nbinauon of 


equals Uw dividend, the pme wut be 
raually divided among ihe claimants 
holding those combinations of shares. 

7 All claims are suMcct to scrutiny 
before payment Any Times Portfolio 

card that is defaced, tampered with or 

incorrectly printed in any way wm be 

declared cold. 

8 Employees of News international 
ole and Its subakhartes and of 
Europnnl Group Limited (producers 

ind dtunbutors of the cordi or 

members of their Immediate families 
ire mrt allowed lo play Times 

9 AH MrutfMrtb w,u be subject lo 
hese Rules. All instructions on -how 
o PJky and "how to claim” whether 
nrutsned In The Times or in Times 
Iloilo cards wiu be deemed lo tie 
JJrt «* ,'hese Rules. The Editor 
■esertw the right Is amend Uw Rules. 

10 In any dispute. The Editor's 
lecwof* a final and no correspon- 
dence win be entered into. 

11 If for any reason The Times 
Prices Page h not published in the 
vormal way Times Portfolio wilt be 
wspended for that day. 

Haw id play - Daily DMdand 
>i each day your unique set of right 

lumbers will represent commercial 

ind Industrial shares publtslied In The 

rimes Portfolio list which will appear 

m Ihe Stock Exchange Prices page. 

In Uw columns provided next lo 
■rour shares note the price change t* 
ar -l In pence, as published in that 
lay’s Times. 

Alter listing the price changes of 
vour etgnt snares lor that day. add up 
aU eight share manges to give you 
your overall loui plus or minus »+- or ■ 

Check your overall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 
the Slock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a snare of the total 
prize money stated for mat day and 
must claim your prize as instructed 

How to ptar - Weekly Uvrifaad 

Monday ■ Saru naay record your daily 
Portfolio total. 

Add these together lo determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches the published 
weekly dividend figure you have won 
outrtghi or a shore of the prize money 
staled for that week, and must claim 
your prse as Instructed below. 

How to outer 

Telephone Uw Ttnes PwtfoBo data 
HIM 0254-533 T2 MMM IMtal Mid 
3 30pm . on uw day jruer overall total 
natohM The Turn Portfolio Dividend. 
Mo Wu eaa bo aocapnd mitahsa boh 

You must nave your card with you 
when you telephone. 

If you are unable to tel ephone 
someone else can claim on vour behalf 
hut they must have your card and can 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
between the sapulaled times 
. No responsibility can be accepted 
for failure to conlad the claims offler 
for any reason wimtn the stated 

.The above instructions are ap- 
plicable to both daily and weekly 
dividend claims. 



A ridge of high pressure 
will cover Scotland and a 
warm front over the 
southern Irish Sea will 
move slowly NW. 

6 am to midnight 

London, central S England, MMhnds, 
Chamal Wanda. S WMeat Hne and (fey: 
wind SE or E moderate or fresh; max torap 

SE England. East Aogte Fro and dry; 
wind SE or E moderate or flush; max tamp 
24C (75fJ, txd cooler on coasts. 

E, NW, central N, NE EtsgfosS, N 
Wafas, Lake District: Fine and dry; wind E 
or SE Ight or moderate; max temp 23C 

Sumy periods, perhaps 
an isotad shower, but ctouOar tar in 
evening with outbreaks of thundery rake 
wind E or SE moderate or fresh; max tamp 
26C (79F), but cooler on exposed cosas. 

Isle at Mm, Borders, Edtetxrah, 
Dundee, SW Scotland. Gteagow: Dry. 
sunny periods : wind Ight ana variable; 
max temp 22C (72F). 

Aberdeen. Central iflrtfcnd s . Moray 
Firth, NE SooOand, 4m, Orkney: Dry, 
stnty periods; wind Bgfrt and variable; 
max tamp 20C (68F). 

NW S cuU a nd. Dry. sunny periods; wind 
SW moderate; max temp 18C (64F). but 
cool o r on coasts. 

Shetland: Mainly tty, sunny periods, 
coastal tog patches; wind SW Ight at 
moderate max temp 14C (57F). 

N Ire l a n d: Rather cloudy, outbreaks of 
rain. Decoming mostl y dr y ; wind E or SE 
Ugm; max temp 20C (68F). 

Otdloek for to morrow and Satu rday! 
O u tbre a k s of thtmdety rate to the SW wal 
slowly spread to many western and 
northern areas. Isotad thundery show- 
ers wfl develop In south eastern parts, 
latar. H wtl be very warm, or hoL but much 
cooler on coasts, especially in the -E 


12.17 am 

Last quarter June 29 

4.45 am 922 pm 

9.48 am 

Lighting-up time 

London 9.52 pm to 4.15 tun 
Bristol 10.01 pm to 425 am 
Edinburgh 10.33 pm to 358 am 
Manchester 10.12pm to 4.12 am 
Penzance 10.06 pm to 4.44 am 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud; f. lain r. ram; s. sun. 

C F C F 

Belfast a 1966 Quemsoy c 21 70 

B’mmham c 2068 hr remoM f 186* 

Blackpool 1 1966 Jersey <2577 

Bristol c 21 70 London 12373 

Cardiff c 18 64 M’ncbster 11968 

Edinburgh 1 1988 Newcastle 12170 

Glasgow c 1661 H’akfsmy (1457 


Births: George Morlaad, 
painter. London. 1763; WilUam 
Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, 
scientist and inventor, Belfast, 
1824; Sir Robert Borden. Prime 
Minister of Canada 191 1-20, 
Grand Pr£ Nova Scotia, 1854. 

Deaths: Francisco Pizarra, 
conqueror of the Inca empire, 
Lima, Peru. 1541; . Gilbert 
White, naturalist and clergy- 
man. Set bourne, Hampshire, 
1 793; Joseph-Michsel Montgol- 
fier. pioneer balloonist Balaruo 
les-Bains, 18 10; Samuel 
Crompton, inventor of the spin- 
ning mule, Bolton, Lancashire, 
1827: George IV. reigned 1820- 
30, Windsor. 1830: Ford Madox 
Ford, novelist and poet, Deau- 
ville. 1939: Richard Bedford, 
Viscount Bennett Prime Min- 
ister of Canada 1930-35, 
Mickle ham. Surrey. 1947. 

rase. Pr 

__ . _ LIMITED. 

Printed by London Port (Print- 
mi domed of i Virginia strek, 
London El 9XN- Thursday, jane 26. 
1986. Registered as a newspaper at 
the Port Office. 

NOON TODAY ftmnra fat shown in mUGban FRONTS Warn Cold 

Bf tnt i ora an < 


High Tides 

h£h£ sky: bc-Mu* sky and cloud: c- 
ctopty: o^vwrart: Md*r. d-drtme: h- 
nall. m-mtg ; r-rate; s-snow; th- 
UlUndersUn in; pwowni 
Arrows show wind direction, wind 
spe ed im pti) circled. Temperature 






London Bridge 





















ii in 






























































Mmotd Karan 






















































Around Britain 

Sun Rain 1 

_ In h C 

52 25 20 
72 22 21 

62 23 21 

Lowe tof t 42 A3 20 
Ctoeta. 32 21 19 

SMSW 2 ■ m * 

Fcfhertono 7.0 . 18 

H ae ttoga 72 - 18 

Eastbourne 82 29 17 
Son g oea- 



S to w age: 

1 UOMB. 4 L 






Sdfly toes 

J er s ey 



68 sunny 
70 brijtfit 
70 bright 
66 Etxviy 
66 cloudy 
68 sunny 

W sunny 
64 sunny 
63 sunny 
61 bright 

63 sunny 

64 bright 

Sun Rain 
hrs in 

Mrec o mbo 1.7 20 
22 M 
28 22 
0 8 23 


BTiam Alcpc 3.1 .42 

I (Ctrl) 22 SS2 

2A 20 
82 - 

Z* 20 

fTcB-o-Tyne 3.1 .04 
— ' 29 A3 

C F 

19 66 cloudy 
18 64 ram 

17 63 showers 
14 57 drizzle 

18 64 showers 

17 63 showers 

18 84 rein 

19 68 bright 
19 66 rain 
19 66 rain 

19 66 tmm 

84 etoudy 
61 showers 

63 rain 
59 rain 
61 dull 
59 tUt . 

61 rein 
61 rein 
S3 cloudy 

64 bright 

63 bnght 
70 etoudy 

64 cloudy 

3.7 24 19 68 Cloudy 

Therm ate Tuesday’s figures 

02 .13 

IB 61 rain 


HOMY: c. doud: d. drizzle; t; tdr Ife fog: r. rah; s. sun; an. snow; L thunder. 
C F 

28 79 Cologne 

29 84 Cphocn 
26 79 Corfu 
28 82 Dublin 










C F 
3 22 72 
3 22 72 

9 29 84 Ifolta 
f 19 66 Meto’nw 


1 V. Z9 totoimK s 28 82 MexfcoC 






B Afros' 
Cape To 



31 88 Fare 
35 95 Flowii o a 
25 77 Ftsxhaf 
28 82 Genova 
24 75 QQxsftar 
24 75 Hetanltl 

28 62 Hong K 
£2 72 taubefc 

29 84 taofari 
»« Jeddah 
21 70 
24 75 

S 22 72 Kami' 
s 30 66 Milan 
t « 75 Monnar 

r 20 88 MOSCOW 
s 25 77 Munich 
S 27 81 Nairobi 
S 23 73 Naples 
r 27 81 N DtU 
s 25 77. N Tort* 
s 28 79 Mce 
9 36 97 OSto 
s 17 63 Paris 
c 32 90 Peking 

« S I-*? 1 ** *2 Pmth 

31 88 Lisbon S 22 72 

25 77 Lecama f 28 82 

5-2 J-Angrts* e 17 83 

14 57 Lurembfl .s 22.72 RtodaJ 

.5 41 Madrid' s 28 82 Riyadh 

oonofcs Tuesday's figure we tataatsvafiaM 

C F 

s 32 90 Rone 
8 35 77 Satzbog 
3 29 84 SPrisco* 
r 12 54 

f 30 88 Seoul 
> 27 81 Soa'por 
e 18 64 SndHta 
c 11 52 at Mab ' rn 
s 22 72 Sydney 
8 19 66 Tangier 
f 31 88 Tdhsvfy 
j 30 86 Tenerife 
I 28 82 Tokyo 
a 25 77 Toronto* 
s 22 72 Tania 
s 23 73 Valatta* 

8 31 88 VaeW 
c 15 59 Venice 
r 2i 70 Vienna 
o 9 4fl Warsaw , .. 
s 29 64 Wash ton" s 2f 
A 22 72 WeTmoo c 11 
S 42108 Zurich s 2E 


S 26 
s 25 
s 18 
s 12 

f 28 

9 24 
s 2S 
a 15 
I 22 

c 22 
c 24 

r u 

« 29 

S 26 
C 15 
s 28 
f 22 
f 19 


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FT 30 Share 
1344.8 .(+5.4) 

FT-SE 100 
1629.4 (+4.5) 


USM (Data streamy 



US Dbflar. 

1>5200 (+0.0080) 

WGerman mark 


76.1 (+6.J 

Leading companies attack 
sanctions against S Africa 

Rtijsh for 

■ There has been a massive 
demand, foe shares in Thames 
Television, according to City 
Vindications last ni gh t- \ 

•■■ 'Bankers- were' still counting 
-applications . tut estimates 
were that the 17 million shares 
on offer at 190p had been 
oversubscribed -between 20 
andJO times: . . ■ - . 

the joint owners, Thom 

and BET, whi^h will each be 

■ lefthokiing£round28 percent 
of the equity. At the offer 

■ Jtfice, Thame* is valued at£?l 

million 1 ' 

The enthusiasm for the 
. issue sparked offTorecasts that 
the shares could start chai ' ~~ 
hands at a premhun of at 
30p. ' 

BICC deaf 

BICC,the engineering. and 
construction group, is raising 
£22 million to trim borrow- 
ings by selling to the pubGcra 
20 per cent shareholding in 
Metal Manufacturers, 
.Australia's leading- cable 
group. BICCwill have a44 per 
cent stake left in the business. 

Charter rise 

Chailer.Conscdidued's pre- 
tax profits improved from 
* £163 million to £28.7-million 
in the year to March 31 as 
funfovefjHl by 25 per cent to 
£567Tmiffion. The final divi- 
dend twas raised from.7.25pto 
7.75p, malting an annual tool 
oflL5p. • . 

Tempus,page 27 

. ‘niirty^^iur leading British 
com panics backed by:tbe Con- 
federaiion Of British Industry - 
have expressed outright oppo- 
sition. to economic or financial , 
sanctions against r South 
Africa. 1 

' While delivering a ■ fierce' 
condemnation .of apartheid, 
the British Industry Commit- 
tee on South Africa- (BICSA) - 
.said: “Any measure aimed at 
damaging ornndermining the : 
South African economy would 
be- county-productive .and ", 
likely to lead To an increased, 
.polarization .of attitude -and 
the removal .of all possibility 
of peaceful changed “ - 
' The 34 signatories to the 
statement include some of 
Britain's biggest and -most 
influential companies in the 
mann&cturmg. • mining and 
financial sectors, such as .Bab- 
cock Internationa^ BP, Con- 
solidated Goldfields, Hanson 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Trust, Hill. Samuel, ICX, Rio 
Tinto-Zint and. Unilever. 

1 ;The statement, issued in the 
name of the BICS A chairman, 
.Sir Leslie Smfih, who is on the 
board of Britisb Oxygen, said 
members, felly supported the 

public demands made by the 
in South 

business community 
Africa, including: British sub- 
sidiaries and associated com- 
panies, for the South African 
Government' 'to abolishap^rt- 
heicL . :■ • ;. 

Political change .and. eco- 
nomic growth ran together in 
South Africa, the : statement 

^The best bopeofa solution 
ties in economic .growth over 
many years. -The. substantial 
inflow of capital required for 
this ' purpose will only be 
forthcoming if there is solid 
evidence' that fundamental 
political reform and the aboli- 

: tion of apartheid are under 

Sir Lcsh'e said the commii- 
■ toe was cqually opposed to 
disinvestment as a means of 
bringing pressure to bear on 
South - Africa 

Forexgn-owned companies 
' were at the forefront of bring- 
ing improvements to the 
working and living conditions 
of the black and. coloured 
peoples - and • disinvestment 
would remove that influence. 

He said disinvestment 
would also seriously reduce 
-the effectiveness of the cam- 
paign, now being waged by the 
South African business com- 

munity for fundamental polit- 
ical reform; 

and would stop the 
flow of long-term develop- 
ment capital which all fixture 
South African governments 
would require if living stan- 
dards were to be raised among 
the deprived of (he country. 

Sir Leslie added: "Whatever 
further measures are contem- 
plated or might be taken 
against the South African 
government, it is BICSA's first 
belief that both economic 
sanctions and disinvestment 
would damage the South Afri- 
can economy and, as a result, 
would retard rather than ac- 
celerate the process of 

Most of the participants are 
also members of the CBL 
whose president, Mr David 
Nickson, chairman of Scottish 
& Newcastle Breweries, said 
yesterday: "British industry 
was doing most to raise stan- 
dards in South Africa and 
keep the economy, as for- as 
black people are concerned, at 
acceptable levels. Up to now, 
South African business inter- 
nally bad been doing as much 
as it possibly could to influ- 
ence-the government.” 

Ansbacher sells 20% stake 
in Brown Shipley for £23m 

thfr&sfeHP^s eleetjfed whole- 
saling and engineering Tnisi-. 
ndises to Expaxnet 

- Mr Chris Duty, a co- 
fimmkr of-Acom Computers, 
has left the company. His 
fixture has been in doubt since 
the Italian company, Olivetti, 
ipsexted Acorn. Mr Carry slip 
har -small - shareholding ui 
Acorn worth £1.5 million. 

London move 

Taylor Woodrow, the _ 
erty company, is . back in 
London residential property 
market after an absence of 



£20 millio n offlat$ in 


Mr Nick Oppenhom, the 
financier, is expected tdday to 
announce increased terms for 
his. all-paper offer for the 
Aitken Hume financial ser- 
vices grbap.'His offer of nine 
shares in Tranwood for each 
Aitken share, valuing Aitken 
at £78. million, has- received 
acceptances of 8.8 per cent - 


Mr Raul Gardini, president 
of the Italian Femrzzi agricul- 
tural group,, arrives in Brhain 
today to outline his 
company’s plans for British 
Sugar, the su b sidiary of S&W 
Berisford in which JFerruzzr 
has a 23.7 per cent stake. ■ 

The mini-battle between 
Brown Shipley Holding* and 
Henry Ansbacher, both in the 
junior league of British mer- 
chant banks, was settied yes- 
terday to ihe satisfaction of 
both sides' when Henry 
Ansbacher: and one of its 
bigger shareholders sold their 
2(LS per cent stake in Brown 
Shipley fin- £23 mflfion. 

; . The sale of the stake, boill. 
up by-Amfoacher and Grpupe 
Bruxelles Lambert in April 
this year, produces a profit of 
around £7 j 5 million. Brown 
Shipley yesterday welcomed 
the purtbasers, Kredietbank 

Luxcmbourgeoise, a hanking 

and insurance group, with the 
same 1 rigour with which it 
opposed the Ansbacher stake. 

Mr Robert Amos, Bn^yn 

... . By Lawrence Lever 
Sltipley’s deputy chairman, 
said" yesterday: “We see a 
syneigy between them and u$» 
in that they wanted a window 
in the Gty and we would like a 
greater presence in Europe”. 

Mr Amos confirmedhe had 
held talks with Ansbacher 
since it built up its share stake. 
"They were not reatiy discus- 
sions, and we did not cotter 
into, them in dhy positive 
-sense. -The stake was not 
welcome" be added. . 

The TCredietbank purchase, 
which at 7SQpa share, repre- 
sented a premium of 140p. on 
Brown Shipley’s opening price 
yesterday, was engineered 
through , the offices of Baring 
Brothers, which was appoint- 
ed to advise the Brown Ship- 

ley board after the move by 

Brown Shipley's share price, 
which stood at 540p immedi- 
ately before the Ansbacher 

stake was announced, yester- 
day dropped 20p to dose at 
590p, and widen the premium 
to 160p. Last year. Brown 
Shipley announced it was 
buying Heseltrae Mom, the 
stockbroker, for £5 million. 

According to Mr Amos, 
Kredietbank has no intention 
of increasing its stake. 

Mr Richard Fenhalls, the 
Ansbacher chairman, yester- 
day described the initial 21 per 
; cent stake as “a good strategic 

“We did not believe we 
would ever lose on the stake, 
he said.. 



BjMBSi rndefv/ 

- - Commercial Pro perty 
y : €mr espondent/' y- 

British Land is steppn&.up' 
the pressure on Stylo, the shoe 
retailer with weighty property 
assets. Stylo's annual meeting 
in Bradford y^te rday was 

tatives' fran British Land, 
which holds 25.4 per bent.of 
the ordinary shares but with 
tinutol voting rights. 

Questions put by British 
Land shareholders about the 
company’s poor performOTce, 
its losses last year and the cost 
of mounting its much needed 
refurbsshniept programme 
were successfully tackled by 
Mr' Arnold Z3f^ Style’s chair- 
man. •' 

The Ziff- family, controls 
Stylo through an archaic vot- 
ing structure giving manage- 
ment shares lo votes to 1 per 
ordinary share, h i* this 
structure which ' Mr ; John 
Ritblat’s Brifirii Land "hofies 
to break down, opening the 
way for a bid. 

If emerged at Che annual 
meeting that there was even 
tighter Control over the inaxt- 
agement shares than had pre- 
viously. been apparent, 
makin g the company virtually 

.Talks between Mr Ridflaz 
and Mr Z3T about a pbsaWe 
property and shares swap have 
been unsuccessfuL ■ 

Stylo list £259,000 for the 
year ended February 1986 on 
a turnover of £49.57 miSiODi . 

A dividend of 4Jp, was 
approved despite British 
Land's attempts ip stop it-on 
■the grounds that the 
company’s eamings did not 
an amount 



Dow Jonas 

_ 1891-38 (+15^3) 
T751 6dB3 (+17A23) 

B rum te 

19665 l+2JZj 

Paris: GAC. 
SKA General 

676.78 (+20.14) 
_ 353-7 (+7 


F _aodo n clo al ng pil e — . P«fl*32 


fienkBasarKWi _ 

3-montb tatot«ank9«»^4% 


Prime Rats 850% 

Feriena Funds 65t% • 

3^nooth Treasury B®s CTO6-6.05% 



Ltadote WewYoifc 

ft 515210. . 

£DStt5838 &J7MZ2130 ... 

.ft index: 115.0 

£Y«aKm : sa/i0538S7T 
ftlratoe^i i. SDRC0J72821 


Execute* Oothes 
Aspen Comm 
Brookmount _ 

BdriOgn & Pope A — 362p 

Scapa Group __498p 

Adwest Group -240p 

EFLF. HoWriBS ..^,-rep 

BurmahOB L_ 405p 

LCGas — : i — - A08p 




Hawker Siddetey. 

FALLS: - - - 

WastemWrtOr— — !?3p.MC 
products — 





22700) . . 

New York- 

Gturtex 534460-34450 


Brent < Aug) 

r :l 

A $1 1.45 bW 

G old de al adds to 

Ry. Kichnd Lander 

Hampton Gold Mimng Ar- 
eas^ .iriiich is fighting a £41 
mi|Uiotitakri>Verbid fromMr 
Alan 1 Bon^S: Metals Explora- 
tion Group, claimed yesterday 
that cfaeap financing arrange- 
ments fpr its -Australian gold 
interests have increased its net 
asset valuje per share farther 
above tbe-150p offerprice. - 
Mr Gcrage Lrymgstone- 
Leaimomh, managirg direo- 
tor, said that gold loans 
arranged for two new ventures 
ai Kalgooriic, Western Austra- 
lia, had added 9-25p to the net 
asset, value of Hampton’s 
shares, according to the inde- 
pendent assessors who this 
month estimated the asset 

The loans, in which Roth- 
schild Australia will lend gold 
to be repaid once production 
is under way, carries an initial 
interest rate of 2.-5 percent ■ 

- Hampton, in its second 
defence document sahMhar 
the oiginal valuation did hot' 
take account of a probable 
resting of shares in Hampton 
Australia, the group’s quoted 
gold mining subsidiary, once 
production began in Decem- 
ber at the New Celebration 
mine. 1 • '- 

Hampton Australia, which 
has a 25 per cent interest in 
New Celebration, wilt soon 
take a decision on mining at 
Jubilee, in which it has a 100 
per cent stake. 

Hampton said that, at cur- 
rent prices, the two mines 
would produce annually gold 
worth about AusS25 minion 
gross for Hampton. 

Extra interest in the battle 
has been generated by New 
Zealand businessman, Mr 
Ron Brierley, who owns al- 
most 9 per cent of Hampton 

GEC takeover ‘danger’ 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

A takeover of Plessey, the 
electronics company, by. GEC 
could mean failure or. serious 
difficulties for 66' small or 
medtom-sized high technol- 
ogy suppliers with another 1 16 
alro left in difficulties, accord- 
ing to a report commissioned 
by Plessey. Up to 24,000 jobs 
eventually could be in 
jeopardy. . 

Tidek Management Consul- 
tants, in a report yesterday, 
said: “The findings of - this 
study raise serious questions 
about the wisdom of merging 
Plessey with GEC dearly 

there are costs for small and 
medium enterprises associat- 
ed with a GEC bid which they 
are expected to ’bear without 
any sure heme of compensa- 
tory benefits.’ 

The study, which Tidek rigs 

it .undertook only on 
understanding that it would be 
a 'completely independent 
one, is bound to prove contro- 

The study was revealed by 
the' Small Business Bureau 
whose chairman is Mr Mi- 
chael Grylls, Conservative 
MP for Surrey North West, 

Peter MSDen help likely 
on solvency test 

New hope 

By Alison Eadie 

Lloyd’s “names* 1 , or inves- 
tors, on PCW syndicates are 
likely to receive help Id enable 
them to pass die solvency test, 
Mr Peter Miller, chairman of 
Lloyd’s, said at yesterday's 
annual meeting of members. 

He said this would leave 
open the possibility of a 
settlement to the PCW affair 
b efore the tad of the year. The 
solvency test assesses whether 
names have sufficient means 
to meet their liabilities and to 
continoe underwriting. 

MrMiller added that those 
who had “a moral or legal 
responsibility” in the manage- 
mefit of the PCW syndicates 
shoaUmakea contribution to 
the settlement as should PCW 
names themselves, regardless 
of how the losses had arisen. 

The growth in capacity at 
Lloyd’s looks set to slow down 
with some 2,000 new names 
expected to join from next 
January. A total of 3,087 new 
names jslsaei thisrear. 

Mr Miller said that the 
pattern of capacity growth of 
recent years looks tike being 
repeated with existing names 
accounting for two thirds of 
the total capacity increase. 

He said Lloyd's agents had 
waiting fists of names wanting 
to join, but the Jack of marine 
business, doe to recession in 
shipping and the oil and gas 
industries, meant there were 
insaflicient anderwritiag out- 
lets to attract them. 

Cbatset, a private company 
which analyses results of 
Lloyd’s syndicates, has esti- 
mated that Lloyd’s will make 
an overall profit of £105.8 
million in the 1983 underwrit- 
ing year, an improvement of 
about £115 million. 

It estimates the marine 
syndicates wQl make improved 
profits of £1663, or 1L4 per 
cent of the preminms 
written, whereas non-marine 
sector will make losses of 
£79.7 million, or 6.8 per cent of 
tile . premiums. 

US puts final touches to 
tax cuts revolution 

From Bailey Morels, Washington 

The final chapter of the 
ins Unite* 

most sweeping united States 
tax revision since World War 
Il will be written next month 
.when members .of- the House 
of Representatives and Senate 
meet to reconcile .: differences 
between the two historic bills, 
officials confirmed yesterday. 

After the overwhelming 
Senate pa*?»g e of a bill that 
will lower -the top individual 
tax, rate from 50 per omit to 27 
per cent, . members of the two 
hnfic« must now gel down to 

The foal version ofthe bin, 
hailed by President. Reagan as 
‘•‘the; second American 

revolution,” will be written- m 

this key conference. ^ • 

Bur strong similarities be- 
tween the' two bills indicate 
tbar.the confereiK»;wiU agree 
on these general joints: 

• The' top individual tax rate 

will be almost halved,:, to 
befow 30 per cent.: - 

• More inan six; million low. 
income people will be re- 
moved' from the tax rolls. . 

• The fop.captal gains rate 
wiH be raised from 20 per eerily 

and tax shelters favouring 
wealthy individuals and cor- 
porations will be strictly 
Limited. - 

• Taxes on businesses will be 
increased by more than SI00 
billion over five yeans to pay 
for the individual tax cats. 
This will include a tough new 
minimum . tax on profitable 
corporations. Some wealthy 
companies now pay no tax. 

%■ The investment tax Crete, a 
. favourite of corporate Ameri- 
ca, wiD be replied to counter- 
act a reduction in tite top 
corporate tax rate from 46 per 
cent to the mid-30 per cent 

*W- . • . . . 

Despite some divisive is- 
sues — including severe pres- 
sure from corporate lobbyists 
to- restore tax breaks for the 
insurance and property indus- 
tries, among others — an 
agreement is expected to be 
reached by the autumn- Ifsaa 
final bill would be sent lo the 
White House for President 
Reagan's signatore- 

For lobbyists, however, the 
Hous&Senaie conference is a 

bill that removes billions of 
dollars in tax benefits for their 

The most hotly contested 
issues are expected to be the 
tax treatment of capital gains, 
oil and gas drilling incentives, 
tax-exempted bonds, deduc- 
tions for charitable contribu- 
tions and for individual 
retirement accounts, deprecia- 
tion write-off for businesses, 
foreign tax changes and the 
deductabitityof raxes. 

In addition, the Democrat- 
controHed House is likely to 
attempt to put its own stamp 
on the final bill to provide the 
middle class with a bigger tax 

Mr Dan Rostenkowski, 
chairman of the powerful 
House Ways and Means Com- 
mittee, said in an interview 
that more tax relief for the 
middle class would be a House 

In addition, he named two 
other trouble spots in- the 
Senate bfll — the limits on 
deductions for individual re- 
tirement accounts and on state 
sales tax. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

The Mercury rises at 
Cable and Wireless 

It is apt that Cable & Wireless should 
produce yesterday's fine set of results 
on the same day that the industry's 
watchdog. Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
makes it clear in his 1985 annual 
report that his eagle eye is on British 
Telecom's pricing structure. With the 
inauguration in May of Mercury 
Communication's switched service, 
competition for the nation's tel&- 
comm unication traffic is now up and 
running. Professor Cars berg is 
committed to giving Mercury more 
than a fair chance. 

The better than expected 20 per cent 
increase in •G&W’s 1985-6 pretax 
profits to £295 milli on does not even 
hint at what Mercury could contribute 
in, say, five years time. Last year it 
made losses of £13 million on 
turnover of £4 million. Investment in 
the network was £49 million bringing 
the total so for to £125 million. By the 
end of this financial year that will 
have increased to £200 million and 
breakeven will be in sight Indepen- 
dent forecasts for Mercury’s revenues 
suggest a build-up to almost £200 
million for the year to March 1988 
and £500 million the following year. 

The favourable terms which Oftel 
determined for the terms under which 
Mercury would interconnect with the 
BT network spurred C& W into 
speeding up its investment. 
Yesterday's warning from Professor 

disappointing but was dampened by 
currency e Sects and the planned 
slowdown in equipment sales and 
contract work. Underlying improve- 
ment on the public telecommunica- 
tions business was more than 10 per 
cent C. & W.'s profits attributate to 
ordinary shareholders rose from £142 
million to £180 million; earnings per 
share are up 22 per cent from 31 .7p to 
38.7p; and a final dividend of 6p per 
share, against 4.9p, brings the total 
dividend up to 9.5p, also an increase 
of 22 per cent. 

There is enough telecommunica- 
tions traffic for all players at the 
moment but C&W has a head start as 
a newcomer with modern equipment. 
In December the Government sell-off 
and rights issue was almost caught out 

by a falling share price. Yesterday 
3 bought in at 587p were 

those who 

rewarded with a~15p rise to 705p. 

Base rate hope 

Carsbeig that he will rework the RPI-3 
ricing formi 

pricing formula if British Telecom's 
return on capital employed is too high 
should similarly bring cheer to C&W 
(whose performance on that criteria is 
rather better). 

To compete with Mercury, British 
Telecom will have to offer better 
terms to its major business users. It 
will also continue to erode the 
subsidisation of local calls by long 
distance calls. But Professor Carsbeig 
warned yesterday that this rebalanc- 
ing can only be carried to a point that 
is justified on economic grounds. 
Similarly, any cut-price deals for high 
traffic users will also rest on British 
Telecom proving that price reductions 
go hand in hand with lower costs. 
Oftel will be watching carefully that 
Mercury does not fall victim to any 
cross-subsidisation within British 

Mercury is just one link in CAW’S 
global strategy which is reaching 
around the world. Further investment 
is planned this year on fibre optics 
within the United States to link the 
planned submarine cables across the 
Atlantic and from the West Coast to 
Japan. Total capital expenditure is 
likely to rise from £255 millipn to 
riearer-£300 million but with partners 
like Nynex there should be no 
financing troubles. 

Last year’s results were achieved 
despite a £21 million adverse currency 
effect and a foil in profits from the 
Middle East following the handover of 
the network in the Yemen Arab 
Republic. Hong Kong remains the 
pivot in Far Eastern telecommunica- 
tions traffic and contributed 65 per 
cent of the company's profits. 

The improvement in turnover — at 
just 5 per cent — looks slightly 

Hope springs eternal for another 
move to cheaper money, even in 
London where the hangover from the 
May money supply figures, or from 
too many late night World Cup 
games, has produced a certain muzzi- 
ness in the markets. Yesterday, gilts 
perked up, on hopes that a base rate 
cut before the holidays may still be 
possible. The remainder of the £600 
million taplets announced on Friday 
were sold out. 

The change of causation, as so often 
in these things, is a long one. It starts 
with the first quarter figures for gross 
national product in Japan. Much to 
the chagrin of Mr Nakasone, hoping 
for such an overwhelming vote of 
confidence in the July 6 double 
elections that his party won't dare 
make him stand down, the GNP fell, 
by 0.5 per cent. 

Weak first quarter GNP has be- 
come a familiar pattern in the major 
economies but for Japan it becomes a 
particular blow, both because of the 
election and because it was the first 
quarterly decline in GNP for 1 1 years. 
And so, the pressure is on for a 
discount rate cut in Japan. 

The scene now moves on to New 
York, where money market rates 
edged down yesterday, and where 
some traders are talking of a cut by the 
Federal Reserve Board m the discount 
rate within days. Paul Volcker, the 
Fed chairman, is seen as committed to 
following rather than leading rate cuts 
elsewhere, despite a series of weak _ 
economic statistics over the past 

Against this, the dollar has started 
to look rather sickly again — yesterday 
the pound rose 80 points to $1.52, and 
the dollar dropped to DM2.21 against 
the mark and below 166 against the 
yen. Friday’s US trade figures will 
clearly be important 

Assuming these two bits of the 
jigsaw fit into place, the prospects for 
lower base rates here are really rather 
The next set of money supply 

res, due on July 8, have to be good, 
f ei 

unless the Bank of england is prepared 
to take responsibility for a mass leap 
of stockbrokers' economists from the 
top of the Stock Exchange tower. 


Enjoy extra-high interest 

from just £500 with 
Anglia’s Capital Share 90. 

If you can invest £500 or more, we pay you 

which compounds annually to an impressive 


•i t ILA/UI iUJ UI M IUUM 7 UV/ i M I 

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All you need do is give us to 90 days' loss of interest 

90 days'notice for withdrawal /v Vwfe pay interest half yearly. Or 
although your money is / \ monthly, rf preferred, on 
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The buik^ society that cares about what you want 






New York (Agencies) - 
Wall Street staged a brood 
advance in moderately active 
trading on Tuesday but gave 
up half of the gains by the 

Some dmg shares and inter- 
est-sensitive issues finished 
sharply higher. Home Shop- 
ping Network, which an- 
nounced plans for a three-for- 
one stock split, soared 13% to 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average jumped 11.43 points 

to 1,875-69 after being as high 
as UffiS. Advancing fessses ted 
declining shares by a rath) of 
two-to-one. NYSE volume 
rose to 141 J 3 million shares 
from 123.75 nuUkw shares on 

The transportation average 
fcQ 050 points to 782.73, 
utilities rose 1J87 points to 

Standard and Poor’s com- 
posite average ended op L77 
points at 247.03 

sterling spot and forward rates 




GWJoyiwort and Coreport, 




mao mo 
.ms mss 
too tea® 

fat* " 

U huIRl I pI pitet* 

Official Turnover float## 


£ par tone Jvfi 

■ Wmt 22 

Month ' Ctoe Oow «£ 

July . W.70 ___ W 

£ - S II M BJBMi 

106 * as SH5 ** 

u» 10S.15 mats 

VQkma;' • 

Wheal -i— <» 

Barmy . 238 


Month P ‘ P qS CI SSti 

Jg IS I »; 

Sept 107.0 706LB 

OcT- 1105 1HU 

2700-27051 NW 11JJ ffi-I 

2nMnsf * jog »J5 

March • 707.3 ■ MH5 





i r r -rB i? 

TTkh Month Staffing 

Sep as 

Dec 86- — — 

Mar 87 _ 

Jun 67 

Sep 87 „ 

Dec 87 

Previous day's total Op 
Three HonmEumdoHi 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


US T r— n ay Bond 

Sep 86 


Mar 87 


Jun 88 - — 

Sep 86 _ 

Ok 86 

Long Oil 


Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


JunB 6 

Sep 86 

Open HWt Low Clew EatVol 

- SSro 90B3 90 72 9078 2531 

_ 9086 8057 9056 8053 421 

- 90.77 9089 9077 9084 121 

90.89 9069 9069 9068 8 

N/T 905* 0 

N/T 9041 0 

Interest 14760 

Prwrtooa day's total open Wares* TT373 
9029 9035 9359 9352 4618 

93.15 8353 93.15 9350 885 

9252 93.03 8252 9258 230 

8258 9258 3257 9258 10 

Previous day's total wan interest 6445 
97-22 98-14 97-21 97-30 6509 

N/T 87-06 0 

N/T 0 

Previous day's total open htaraat 1035 
N/T 10256 0 

10253 102-04 . 102-00 10200 31 

N/T 0 

Preutaua day’s total open Interest 20478 
N/T 121-23 0 

121-22 122-14 121-22 1 21-30 11341 

121-28 121-28 121-17 121-20 40 

N/T 121-14 0 

Prevkxa day's total open Merest 2881 
16250 163.60 162.10 16350 138 

1K50 16625 18450 16650 225 

UP 24 434 
55 iS 363 
4.4 U30A 

aso as < 2.1 

14b 05 
2.7 47 324 
07 17 555 
•17 57 247 
33 35437 
(1.4b 37 403 
05 02 .. 
125. 8,1 177 

45 45 815 
15 05 -. 
14 02 .. 

H5» 4.0 355 
04 05 044 

47 35 415 
55b 15 000 
55 37300 
25 32 5*5 
20 15 872 
25 24 540 

2.1 1.1 757 

45 45294 
47 10fl «7 
42 15 835 
74 *1 345 
22b 35 405 
14 15 .. 

35 £.0525 
57 05 .. 

5.1 33 402 

35 38444 

33 32 85.1 
45 22 642 
31 34 55.1 

see s**i 4 

a tss 


57 U342 

34 24805 
43b 55.374 

75- 45 374 

\f “30241 

44 37 Si t 

35 30372 
95 174 42 
S3 Ul3 
25 05 301 
22 37422 
37 25441 



BH OH# Chnp VM 


bo. Hdwtua Ha. Buunwmorah BH5 ML 

0345 717373 (LxsdHa) 

QK 4 Fond 1175 12*7# *0.4 942 

(tan hie EQirtv 235 1015c -OS 473 
VVortOMM Bond 1745 1812W *03 507 
Amancan Growth 1547 1845 -25 300 

MnMk 445 475 -05 Z0J 

Man 4 Earns 1005 10700 -05 158 
Capital Bwervn 055 873 *0.1 157 

Com A Energy 85 1 098 403 2B9 

European CtaXtal 83.7 890 *0.7 1.43 

General 1378 1473 -03 259 

Japan 743 79.1 -05 .. 

Uti Growth me 97.1 1044 -02 1.40 

DoAceun 1353 MS-7 -03 L03 

US Emerging Go's 585 825 -04 042 

Equtto Props** 1941 307.7 -t.T 131 


Bid Oflar Cbrg WJ 

05 1 846 *03 259 

83.7 890 *07 143 

1374 1473 -03 2M 

743 79.1 -05 .. 

97.1 10*4 -02 148 

13B3 MS-7 -03 LOO 
585 825 -04 042 

1941 2B7.7 -1.1 231 

615 665* -02 152 

AM Dunbar Camra Sarandon SM 1EL 
0783 410386 4 0753 28291 
FbB TlUSt 2262 2405 -05 *51 

Growth 8 mama 1345 1447 -0.8 3.12 

Cap#* Trust 23*5 250.1 - 1 * 251 

Batoncsd 3SD2 3JOB# -15 3.14 

Accun True . 5S33 3892 -17 250 

Anwncan Mean* 31.7 335 -03 4 41 

Hi S c ams TB 2504 2667 -12 45S 

Equity Income 1407 1*94# -05 479 

HKjn Ywd 1427 1530 -04 544 

Govt Sscs True 302 315 *0.1 9.14 

manottond 793 945 -05 l» 

Japan Fund 1022 1094 -05 031 

PaaAc Trust 1565 1647* -13 157 

Amur Sex* SIB 60S 712 -OS) 13 9 
Sara Of Alter Te 2195 234.10 -25 058 
Aid Asse Vase 2302 2*42* -15 417 
G*t Growth *7.6 *12 +0.1 *58 

SmaSnrCDa 1194 1272c -01254 

2nd SnaSar (Vs 1544 1855 -05 242 

Eecomrry True 835 545 -04 210 

Met MM 6 Onrtty 907 855 -1.1231 

O'nss Eeisms 1852 1972* -05 401 
TacmSMy Te 685 954 -IJf 09* 

tneaneE&apt 1280 I335e -03 SJ3 

E*r»npt 5™Bar Co'* 2273 2*09 -O* 268 

UM&mX Trust 3440 3665 -44 131 


131, Ftrubtsy P u smsm. London EC3A 1AV 
01-626 6876 01280 85*0/1/2/3 
Cam Growth he 584 824 41 1* 

DaAooim 652 687 -02 159 

Easton a M 1275 136.8 -09 055 

oaOKmmtsw* as 732 -as ass 

finance S Property 61.1 643 -0.1 230 

OH 4 fined (noons 475 604 *03 750 

Do Accun 805 B*2 +05 750 

EqtfV IseOfl* 755 815 -02 *59 

(30 Acorn 177.1 1594 -05 459 

Httdi YUM knew 7*.6 805* 7.47 

Do Accun 196.1 209.7# +0.1 747 

InB tocrxna 705 745# -03 2*0 

Do Accnm 715 79 7 • -04 2 ® 

DO S% WlOKSw/ 6 395# -03 *40 

Marapod Fwid 575 607 . . . - 

PrehrSnoa hnoosn 303 325c - 0.1 471 

Do Accun 975 1(tt7e . . 971 

SneSar Co '6 Accun 1409 1503 -03 152 

World Fenny Snare 99 105« . . 009 

Ptxttofco Tin UK 795 B13C -04 157 

PorttoAO TM j«pjn 935 9B5c -09 050 

Psrtloao Te IB 723 749c -05 155 

figrttoBo Te Eurapa 985 10230 +02 000 

pStotoT*! W 375 39.10 -07 010 

Equity I n come 
Govt Secs True 
Japan Fund 

Amor Sod STB 

GO Gnwrtn 
Smafcr Goa 
2n0 SnuBar Go's 
Ftecovuy True 
Me Mn a away 
O'nu Esnsmi 
Tactnorogy Te 
se e ms Brot 

+0.1 9.14 
-05 156 
-05 051 

Be Oflar Cbng YM 

96 Oflar Ctmg YSJ 

Bid Oflar Cbng YM 

BU OK* Oats TM 

Chng TM 

an oflar ohb 

Etropaac Accun 705 747 +03 1.17 

UK CK & FI Inc 5*2 575* + 0.1 895 

CMAccun 645 595* +02 439 

The Sex* Exdtanga London BC2P 2JT 
01-5S8 2B68 

Cam Growth Inc 54* 824 
Oo Accnm 652 68.7 

Eastam 4 bfl 1275 1*65 
006 ft WndHtW as 732 
financa > frcvarty 61.1 643 
OH 4 fined Income 479 604 
Do Accun 605 8*2 

Eqtfy hreoroa 755 815 

Do Accun 177.1 1B4 

Ml YtaU S w ope 74.6 805* 
IDO Accuta 196-1 209.7W 

GanarU (net 

Dq Accun 

incoma Fund 
Do Accun 
M 6 Inc (29 
DO Accun 
Smsier me C 
Do Accnm 

2145 2247# 
3<24 359 3m 
104.1 1047 
1926 1606 
1252 1309 
1655 1741 
E113* 1252c 
Cl 198 1S5Bc 


Admin Gann. Hexagon House. 24 Madam 
Road. Roratart RM 1 3LB 
070 6 66 9 66 

BMhsanca 1065 1143 320 

35. Fauntwn St. M ancwee ir 
061436 5665 

EgMaM Mean 739 797 -Ol 32 

MghknaM Truai 757 405# -Ol 4® 

<3*4 Fundi* 3*4 g5 +03 420 

Te 01 In* Tnuta 84.0 W 1 -03 192 

SDvQat sum True 775 822 -04 2 30 

MtAmar True 995 525 -12 its 

Fw Easum True 754 403c -09 057 


Sl Qaeraa Ha Corpora**) a. Coaaney CV 1 

0203 553231 

UK Growth ACCum 1474 1570 -03 1*3 

Do income tiU UM -05 343 

Mgnar be Accun 3*66 261.1 - -15 488 

Dolneonw 1975 2102 -15 *86 

Geenrad Accnm 1 W 1 i®4 +29 tra 

Do mcome to A W-2 

ran Amar Te Accun 1*06 1*65 -19 025 

Far ElM Te Accun 1292 1*85 -05 051 

Erm Te Accum 1413 1903 *04 12* 

Grate Tree 234.1 3*95 -15 277 

F4CWT«M( WGE Ii eM 7. . 

1 . Lesanca Pootnay MB, LflKkm ECSR DBA 
01-SZ3 4680 

US SnuBar Go's 701 614 .. 027 

apW *«J 1137 -1.6 DA2 

sS uaFund , 7|5 K2 -03*59 

Far ESSSMl Fund 899 735 -04 035 

Ovarsaax Income M.1 ™ 354 

Fixed ln*a« M.1 622# +0.1 950 

Ntarai Has fire 305 »i# -06 *70 

European Income 646 735 -03 337 


190 Wee Qaorge SL Gta*gw* G2 SPA 
0*1-332 3132 

Amancan Growth 673 719c 

Amsrtcer Inc B93 74.1 

Eumpaan Growth 1914 20*6 

Got) 6 hPnarea 354 382 

Japan OnWi U55 m*c 

Roya) Exchange. EC3P 3DN 
01-609 9903 

On 4 nue H 1217 T2B5 

Growdi Equny 2065 2205# 

GuatdNI 291.7 302 2 

N Arwfcan 1305 in&a 

PadSc 2144 2232 

Property SIM 263,1 27 99 

' smear Compares 2064 2197 
&rapaan True 2164 2305# 

-1.1 043 
-13 *47 
*07 029 
-07 Z14 
-24 016 

-03 478 
-03 199 
+02 274 
-32 145 
-15 0.10 
-04 1.42 
-13 14* 
*45 1.1* 


Stmat Olaapun 62 2UH 

115.B 1234 -25 310 
2104 23*5 *32 151 
2104 2245# . -15 154 

^a^i^Urun. London WC1V SPY 

CS Japan Fund 774 824 -04 029 

r afW *W#*%.HA9 0NB 

Qrawai 2855 3032c -09 200 

mean* 3313 3524c -06 398 

Far Eae 1844 1947 +14 034 

Norm Amancan iS*.i 1839 -Ol 046 

Global 47 6 5(18 .. 140 

amjpeon *75 BOB .. 150 

Japan 493 524 -03 040 


PO Bo* 551 Bam Mata London ECS 7 JO 

01 •821 0011 

C**tst 3372 3821 -03 170 

Mama 2843 3085 -07 429 

Norm Amancan 2074 3074 -4.1 058 


1 . Rug Wan SL EG4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

GH True 1044 1125 +071040 



2 Fqra Srraar. London BSY5AO 
01-586 1815 

nr Aid *0486 4^ 

Rum mt 1*925 . . 9M 

DepoMt 1000 . . 1040 

Betanoad GOi me 
Do Accum 

Income GOr me 
Do Accun 
Suvea Go's Inc 
Do Accun 

423 4S5 

43.0 45.7 
403 439# 
423 45.0 
454 444 

46.1 400 

-22 099 
-05 *80 
-05 058 
-0.1 *57 
.. 674 

nwr wet. TMsuge. TWO 1DY 
0732 362222 

Amancan 1»2 114* 

Amer Equity income 32.1 34.4 
Amer SpecrM Stt 506 542 
Far Eae me 312 337n 

Gth a FMd bn 309 322c 
Grown 4 breoma 97.4 1IM2# 


SSaft* H a- 

Prola ai iop a l Gm MA M» 
Scrum EM«U Te 275 244 
Speer# SH 1594 1717 

Amanon Enmpt 071 * 3765 +456 1*5 

Jamn Enempi 07293(07 +3JS ISO 
Aw pmp wiy TM 5107899 o . BOD 
Frapany True £20335 425 

3. London we Bogs. London we. London 
BCaw 5NO 
01428 5181 

Amer 6 Gan Me 
Oo Accun 

2*32 ar e 

2*7 4 2930 


64 Cmnoo Sn«L London 6B4N 6AE 
daenga 01-236 3885/8/7/9/9/0 
mtu n aflor u i Orowfl 1345 1444a 
mcoun 6 Gtowti 03.6 641 -C 

MMdntda Roc 
Amanon Growth 
Japan Growth 
Bmrasan Gnoreh. 
ficsto Grown 
High mama 
Practice IneiMa 
Oo Accun 
253 HMi Mtan. I 
01-406 6441 
Growth Fund Me 
Oo Aoaan 
Iocum Fund 
MB Equity bic 
Oo Accun 
Una True me 
Do Accu n 

612 895# .. 056 . 

3*7 372 -04 050 i 

SJ KL7 -04 130 1 
505 ea.7 .. ouoo 
9*4 642# +02 (UK | 
*43 417# -47 022 i 
312 344c .. 732 | 

532 554 -Ol 324 
9*4 1005 -02 32*. 

894 841 -02 

13*2 1423 -03 

IShA 129.1 -04 : 

1255 1318 -07 

1255 1313 -07 

127.1 1952# -05 

2341 Z3*2« -04 

Do Accun 
Inti (ream* - 
Oo Aeon 
jMp Sri* CO's Ac 
SnuBar Cos Me 
Do Accun 
Space Stt lac 
Oo Accun 
Tokyo fiwd Inc 
Do Accun 
US Smear Go's Ac 
UKEauty Mo 
Do Accun 


Spaa# Bans* 

44 Han Steal Homey On Thames 
0*81 576966 

be GrowtT 2040 2795 . 

Worldwide Ran 
Amer Growth 
In* Enroll Oo 1 * 
F» Eae broth 
E urop ean Gtn 

2000 2795 -20 050 

1839 2CK6 ' -14 *52 

1475 1575 -4.1 155 

735 775 -15 .0.72 

785 BAA -05 051 

093 7 “A -07 058 

■625 645 -44 150 

FensMoa 4 envoy 

Extra hcaro 

3108 Brecsctiurch SI Laodon EC3V 
01-423 5776/8711 
UK Emtytac 2*5 241 

00*3 2*6 241 

Euu Tst <r Z34 Z35c 

.. DO ACC 215 255c 

Gfcxnl GOt Me 383 mi# 

DO ACC 24A 302 

Mmjjed Exempt - 1185 1212 

-41 &06 
-41 404 
+41 t.00 

+ai loo ; 

-0.1 IDO 

-41 LOO 

£23 BMkkkuH. Union 6C2 
01-2*7 7S44/7 

24 St Arerowi Sq. EdMaagh 
031-558 9101 

md Income Unto 
Do Accun • 

1644 1831 
2243 23*4 

High tocana 
Corn 6 GM 
Iro Eastam 
Norm Annie# 
Sped# BtS 
Te c h n ology 
Extra Incoma. 

1122 1243 
631 662a 
962 10*6# 
1540 1743 
1341 1441 
715 747# 
1205 129.0# 
842 9*0# 

Harro w Plain . Btattf I 
0800 373393 
Anar Grown 
Gouty wgn Mooma 
European Growth 
GanarU Equty 
o« a fixed m am 
G# « Fuad me 
Index Sacunon 
Japan Growm 

2« B 262 
345 41.4 

235 314 

255 246 
245 272 
241 249 

246 -06 120 

455# -02 *20 

262 +0.1 250 

41.4 -41 250 

314 +0.1 328 

246 +0.1 950 

272 . 320 

249 -43 490 

Amer Tunumd he 2134 227 4# 
DO Aram 2218 Z3S-B# 

CTOM TB blc 2M5 gl4 

Do ACCUn 2904 266.8 

Conv 4 GM Inc «4 940# 
Do Aram 1174 ISM 

Extra me Tb me 1840 iji2 

DO Accun 1732 1842 

w c onu True ii90 JUJ* 

Do ACCW 125 4 1314# 

Mt Growm fij me «40 1745 

Oo Aram 1844 1682 

Japan 6 Gan Inc 794 845 


Uontrxy Income Fd ®* BJfl# 
Hacovery 1405 1*65 

TSSfam lit* 1610 

Enropaan me 535 575 

Do Accun 635 575 


i6i. CheapaHe. London EC2V BEU 
01-728 1999 

cawtal Accum 26*5 3039* 
Eniroy True *4 3 47.1 

Ertbn mcana 1625 1739 

Fbunoal 1814 1719 

Ob Sntagy 562 S75# 

Growm b n r aua iro a 276 1 2917 
Mcuna 5 Growm 40* *25# 
Jasaneee a PaoCc i*S5 1655 
Nlh Amer Growm 1I»2' 1115 

Oortdng. Suray 

1965 2141# -06 229 

3249 3502* -09 278 

114.7 1225# +05 569 
1304 1369# +06 551 
1685 1785# -15 1.78 
1734 184.1# -14 175 

NLA Tdww. AddttCOtnbO Hoad. Croydon 
0*866 4356 01-628 8011 

6430 5785 -06 3.14 

1 935 10*8 -0.7 220 

1682 2003 -34 225 

1165 1234# +04 050 
1133 1195# -02 250 

3M.9 3882 -02 205 

283 305# .. 952 

400 454 *03 7,57 

644 69.1# -Ol 456 
635 687 -0 3 458 

1125 1195 -15 341 

385 3O0c -03 0*1 
305 324 -0A 357 

18*5 1935 -03 2-92 

885 BOO -OS LAS 
987 196.1 -04 237 


33 anon Antes Gala. Lcndm SW1H BAB 

01-222 1000 

n Br« 8 O wn* 1322 1407# -021 70 

IBI Inc Pka 5*5 SOD . 1000 

Si efcxtai Growth 565 BO? . . ZOO 
lirwtnroa TM Fed B85 703# -Ol 340 

5149. nfatd Hfl. Hard Ese 
01-478 3377 

Homan Ea*y 3867 
EurcpsM 8*7 

Homan Comma 835 
Homm HW 1 too 837 
Hoeora ma 8*1 


N American _ 7*0 

Homun tocSbi 6*1 
Homorn UK Growm ns 
KQtaom G# TVun 1644 

031 2 25 2211 

IdT Equity 1830 1847 

American 1485 IMS 

Pacee 1395 171.0 

European ■ . . 2 114 226 4 

Scottish mutual otvemaBn 1 


109. Wncoft SL Gtaagoar GZ SHN' 
041-2*8 6100 

4252 -06 115 

90.1# +05 078 
584# -04 050 

995# -0.1 63* 
100.1 -07 057 

-Of A - -07 0.05 

787# -07 039 

661# -04 248 

660 +0.1 256 

1938 +14 24* 

0*1-348 6100 
UK EryAty 
Cat A Fixed 
UK SnflrCoaGq 
H Amorim 

1705 1912 
1174 1254 
1474 1574 
173.1 18*2 
1104 1174 
1624 1623 

+22 3.1B 
-3.1 216 

-02 150 
-32 129 
-1.4 056 
+0A 04* 

-05 25* 
+07 723 
-02 155 
+25 059 
-25 140 
-1.1 076 

29. Oariotta Sq. EMugli 
031-226 4372 


3 MS Grootum SL London EC2V 7LH. 

01-800 4177 

Quadrant Sana# -4314-436.1 .. 383 
Quadrant MctMIM 2433 2610# .. 612 
Quadrant H Fd 3782 3961 .. 1.13 

Quadrant Recovery 2683 2665 2A5 

mu RanacMLD asset MAMGEMBir 

91 Swahra Lana. UMdOC BC4F 40U 
01-260 3456 

NC America Me »2 l 310.7 -*0 044 

Oo Accun 41*2 33*2 -4A 044 

nc En#gy Rtu 1365 1to2 -08 2.8* 

NC MCOma 883 0*A# -O* 347 

nc Japan 1743 lal* -17 cloi 

NC Smala CD* 1395 1*84 -0.1 300 

HCSmtaEuncpCd’a 1824 173.1 +OA 0A4 

nc ExauptGfe 61325 1375 . . 642 

NCArarPTOp *1147 1218# .. .. 

NC Properly 1734 1625# .. .. 

World Growdi 
n Amancan 
Income Fund 

-4.0 04* 
-4A 05* 
-05 25* 
-04 347 
-12 051 
- 0.1 220 
+04 04* 

-567 007# 
362 37.7# 
3*7 372# 
45.0 482# 
374 *0.1 
.282 264 
317 3*5 
325 3*3# 

3333 24&3 
2867 2864 

-07 036 
-04 158 
-07 132 
-02 *77 
*0.1 151 
-04 298 
.. 151 
+0.1 658 

tC "' W 

{mrTKhsa#, jjuia 

Smdtar Co * 


1052- 1114 
111.1 1181 
£063 2215 
352 594# 

Crown Horn. Woking GU21 1KW 
0*882 S033 

HM income That «13 2961 
Growm Tree 223.1 2366 
AwanTnr 1335 1 43.1c- 

881 Floor. 6 Omonw 5a 
01-283 257S Ottabng 01-636 
UK Cap Fnd Inc 965 

Do A«un 1369 

Mean# Ffcnd 783 

Pennon Exempt 16*8 

I t it er n o mi na l 1575 

US 6 General 8 KB 

Tadh 6 Growm n 4 
japan 1 Grarta 2162 

Far Eae 4 Can 047 

Eu rop ea n Fum 21*3 

□army Fred 604 


33 King tMflam Straa* London EC4R 9*3 
01-036 9578 

American (« 2314 2355 .. 147 

Sacuntlas m 7365 751 0 +485 211 

high Ytod © 167.0 10*4# .. 053 

Harm Q) - .3905 338,0 - .. 179 I 

Fixed tol e ra B i7i.o 1J20 +i.o z# 

IWt Intaraat . 1234 12*4# *051228 

Far Eae PI 2095 2135# *45 021 ■ 

New Has Ftaca. Uuarpool LOO 3HS 


Japan Tack 6 Gan 

1061 .Ills' 
1705 1K5 
17*3 1365 
21*0 2298# 
27.7 c 
715- 765 
367 414 
660 194 4# . 
533 592 
551.7 58S4# 
311 354# 
295 315 
3*4 37 J# 

-02 055 
-14 051 
-1.0 454 
-ai ara 
*51 0.13 
-15 1.12 
-03 1.46 
-1.1 051 
-Ol 456 
-02 3A3 
*02 053 
+02 450 

-05 221 

+03 546 

-as iu 

*02 048 
♦0* .. 
-is gig 

+12 34i 
+02 357 

GL53 7LQ 

WF ■ 

Oat True 

us Tree 

Racrllc Bash TM. 

62.7 884# 
•714 HJ - 
264 263# 
335 351 
37A 367 

-05 249 
-05 143 
+ 0.1 3.12 < 
-Of 141 
-02 055 

aocahon a London BC2 
014300311. . 

EtaBMy Die' 11012 1264# -12 IAS 

DO Aram _■ 1674 1783# -1.7 148 

Mah bMoqu Thje 922 961# -0.1 443 

Oo Aecom ' IDES 1134# -O.T:*S3 
US Qto wm 57.1 60S . -1.4 157 

0# Afcpe - .503 68.1 - ■ -13 157 

flaial Laaaati WBU 6 Q QaeflasMr COT UW 
0206 578115 

Aaeran Green 034 MS +08 075 
Capae Aoeun • 1304.1982# -03 2i3 
SSmcxpita ' 563 595 # -05 672 

Hah Mona 33* 87.7# ,-04 * 7 S 

bent 4 Growth 1014 1035 ■ -07 451 

Japan Gramm - 794 9*3 -OS 008 

SPOON Stt -1064 1134 -02 15* 


26 Wasam Rd RandaM RM1 3LB 
58-73. Queen Sl Edmmm Bhz anc 
tRMdM) 0706C8966 Or (Edin) 031-2257351 
'Arne be 6 Growdi -675 721 . -07 747 
c#xai unto . • o&s i03.«« -as 21 a 

Cornnodtr 4*7 4J4 -07 147 

Energy MOB 445 <75 -08- 459 

LutpaWrOrowSt - Slfi lOOff- - +02-059 
EMmpt MeBnd to* »7# ’-04 51Q 
DoMW) - 575 005 -04 338 

Expuraaon 37.1 395 . -04 000 

FManenu sees .. 0*4 IMS# -05-312 
or a fi me 5*6 b7a tanojr 

•1. London WaB BUtn. London EC2M SPT 
07464 3644 EmaST 
Spacul Sto'lSI 51.1 5*4# 


3. Gagroaa. Eunbugh EH2 2XZ 

25 A 272 
261 30.1 



Meant Unas 

Do- Accum units 

An»ane*t Fund ■ 2305 2463 -55 234 

Do AccUm 2300 275.4 - -65 23* 

. Do ’Wtarawe 1614 1732 -34234 

Ai«lnil»Ft>nd. 1*4 1183# J5 1.15 

Do Accun 111.6 1183# -64 1 IS 

Btoto Ftm . par 6415 . -JA 

00 Accom 8114 66*6. -43*34 

E#Mau Fond 2812 Z762 , ^ 1.02 

Do Acain / 2785 2939 ; _ <52 

.Japan fund _ 2965 3154 -31 033 

To Aram 3974 ?17A . -£2 OSS 

SmsN* 1645 1717 . "T 


6««rat laaltorltan. S#aa«r . 

0409 56293 

Equity That *cc 3920 *J75 -08 457 

N A «1 TTOst ACC 595 617 -U. 154 

T# Eae Trust ACC 737. 773 .-04 050 

WMdwxta.BMd 474 50A -02 75*. 


OSS* 02188 Deal*igx026* 6*82 
AixraMvJ fnc- 119.7 1274c -36 046 

_ Do Adam . -1»5.1M4 o. rS.7 096. 

Extra Mooma tnc 11451213 -03450 

- - D'LffSS!? . . ■’’&1 1*1* ■•■414 440 
Geo#* unc he - V 1S23 1825 -OS 275 

GR 3 FI Me 5*6 57.4 

l-Mgh.ttatdm Un« . 1365 193* 
Him Wd urn i«7.i >787 
tawtolMtaT- bk* 'IDA 

-05-312 I 
tO.11077 , 
-03 *12 

- .Do Accun - 
Fared he 


3*93 2857 
406 Si 6 
. 8*5 67.1 

-03 *30 
-05 275 
-04 275 
*06 833 
*05 833 

■1 ol moRBV 

•"• *213.4 aRZ#-. =05 *10 

9 f)\oA^ 





Charter unlikely to do ^ investors revive blue chips 

hi? lUiAhaal f^iavlr 

more than consolidate 

. Charter Consolidated claims 258p yesterday. A prospec- 
to be getting on course again hve earning multiple for 

after the problems of the past next year of II makes the 
two years. The investment in shares look dear, although the 
Johnson Matthey is paying yield of over 6 per cent has its 
dividends again, Anderson attractions. . 

SfS? Regional brewers 

mi^smkeand even Cape regional brewers are 

iSutal! successfully overcoming the 
i^u^ired in 1984, has ^ doldrums.^ 

v3»v Consumption nationally may 

the year to which has 

ISSlkSSSrSSSSr- 20 ° pS$! mo® in Dorset, 

raced past the post with first 

ceattoI88o* ^ 88 ^ prize yesterday, reporting a 
CB SSL5’ j:?; 52 per cent increase in mter- 

2JE.irfSn2!m in profits to £1.43 million 
VS , S^S^!SSS I SSZ beftHC tax. Even without a 

profit on property disposals 
the increase was 44'per cent, 
strong core businesses wt&n FuUer smith ^Turner, 

another wdl regained region- 
** brcwer ’ *** second Wth a 
32 per cent increase to £5.01 

£» d £i2iSf% million before tax in the year 
through orgamc growth or ^ 

The Nottingham based 
Handys* Hansons, the third 
S? company in the sector to 

£41 million, with a farther cho^ yesierday to an- 

Su-^STi!!£?SSSSS noS^ SS increased 
iSliSLS^SJSSSS 9 its profits by 16 per cent to 

However, it 

a great 

£1.69 million before tax. 

. These companies are all 

" ASStatSiSZ- ke^n^e^f^andaS 

to exploit their retafling base. 
Lager accounts for more than 

40^r cenlof Ekfaidge Pope's 
than double the present over- ^.w v ii» witimial 

all group figure. 

Almost half of tost Teat’s 

sales, in line with the national 

At Fuller, Smith & Tuner 

■ • - - a AVI jruuci. uiuiui at i uiuu 

HEKUTUS •* proportion isooly 26 per 


tiops fa from bright, apart companies are open- 

from Anderson. 

we^m^d the Portuguese &<. chain .last 

wolfram mme is losing mon- y^T^t the emphasis is on 
X K? SitoishmenL Bdridge Pope 

» spending more man £1 
looned, albeit after significant mahon in alHhis year, much 

P SSza tiOT i S contm B - ^™Xr'“ 8lheq,,a]i,y 

SlmSiSim! Both companies are family 

tun and thereis little chance 
of their - being taken over. 
M*”**™?* This has not prevented the 

shares from performing forty 

;„'«»«* • Given the difference in 

£ ScAnTSSVa 

BSSWiWWr ffiftSfc VlSJ H 


The attitude behind such a Mawmon Tmilrc 
move does not build much INewmail Aon&s 

confidence in the shares, on welcome takeover at- 
which ended 5p higher at tempt, snccessfiillydrfend«i. 

can have profound effects on 
a target company, both good 
and bad. In its efforts to 
escape the clutches of 
McKechnie Brothers, New- 
man Tonks Group was forced 
not only to clarify its strategy, 
but also to tell the world, not 
least the press. This is all to 
the good. ' 

A less fortunate conse- 
quence of the bid was that it 
cost Newman Tonks nearly 
£800,000 to ward McKechnie 
off. In the context of interim 
pretax profits of £3.4 million 
announced yesterday, it is a 
considerable amount which 
nettles Mr Timothy 
Franktond, the chairman. He 
feels strongly that his costs 
should be paid by the unsuc- 
cessful bidder. 

-Over the past five years, 
the Midlands engineering 
company has carried out a 
comprehensive strategic re- 
view of its business and is 
concentrating its reorganized 
manag ement resources on its 
core activities. One of its 
great strengths is in high 
added value branded prod- 
ucts, such as Briton automat- 
ic door dosers and fire door 
hardware, Erebus security 
lodes, Jeavons gas regulators 
and Maxmatic waste disposal 

These brands may be little 
known outside the trade, but 
are market leaders where it 
counts. They are supplied at 
the architectural design and 
building stages of commercial 
developments, and in' refur- 
bishing programmes. The 
United Kingdom market is 
not fast growing and the 
group is looking overseas to 

' As part of its defence, the 
group forecast a 25 per cent 
increase in pretax profit for 
the fuD year to October to 
£8.1 S minion. The interim 
result is exactly in line with 
this forecast. 

It also derided to raise its 
dividend by a hefty- 31 per 
cent from 5Jp to 72p, 
implying a 60 per cent payout 
of earnings. This is a heavy 
commitment for a company 
which was not cash-positive 
at the interim stage, although 
it hopes to be a net cash 
generator by the year-end. . 

At the current price of 
147p, the price earnings mul- 
tiple is 122 and the yield 6.9 
per cent gross — not a lot to 
pay for a well-managed com- 
pany, even if it is in one of the 
less glamorous sectors. 

Sound Diffusion delays results 

American investors came to 
the aid of a tired London stock 
market yesterday and 
breathed some life back into 
blue chip stocks. 

Dealers reported heavy sup- 
port for British stocks over- 
night following a strong rally 
on Wall Street. The Ameri- 
cans. were bidding 4l0p for 
stocks like Beecnam, where 
turnover reached over 
700,000 shares, and continued 
to buy them when trading 
resumed in London yesterday. 
Beecham closed in London 5p 
dearer at 403p, after 40Sp. 

The Americans were also 
buyers of Rentas, 2p cheaper 
at 496p, where turnover 
topped 2 milli on shares; BAT 
Industries, unchanged at 
400p. (turnover 520,000 
shares), Jaguar, 2p higher at 
525p, after 52Sp. (£40,000 
shares); and British Telecom, 
2p cheaper at 228p, (I million 

There was continued sup- 
port for Cadbury Schweppes, 
the confectionery and soft 
drinks group, endmg 2p higher 
at I82p, after another 22 
milli on share s changed handy . 
A total of 26.776 million 
Cadbury shares (5.1 per cent) 
have now been registered with 
Morgan Guaranty in the form 
of American Deposit ery Re- 
ceipts. Cadbury says these 
shares are owned by a total of 
around 500 different Ameri- 
can investors. 

The rest of the equity spent 
another quiet session with 
turnover at a low ebb. Most 
funds are still tied np in the 
new issues from Thames Tele- 
vision and Morgan GrenfelL 
But dealers reported that the 
market undertone remained 
firm and some were hoping 
that the introduction of “new 
time" buying today for the 

Clothing manufacturer Stir- 
ling Grosap, unchanged at 
IQOp, is still looking a lot 
cheaper than other Marks and 
Spencer suppliers. Figures in a 
couple of weeks should make 
pleasant reading, and will 
include three mouths of For- 
sters. Analysts' estimates of 
£2.1 million look conservative 
and for the current year the 
group could make £3.5 million. 

new account next week might 
encourage a few buyers. 

The FT 30-share index 
opened up 8.6, but failed to 
bold its best levels, closing 5.4 
higher at 1,344.8. The FT-SE 
100 dosed 4.5 up at I.629.S. 

The strong pound and con- 
tinued support for the US 
bond market provided gilts 
with further solid gains. Rises 
stretched to more than £16 at 
one stage with investors still 
hoping for an early cut in bank 
base rales. 

Oil shares were mixed, but 
Rurmah stood out with a 20p 
rise to 4l0p, after 413p, on 

MK Electric joins in 
Rotaflex bidding 

By Alison Eadie 

MK Electric, the electrical 
accessories manufacturer, yes- 
terday revealed it was in- 
volved in bid talks with 
Rotaflex, the electricals manu- 
facturer, which is resisting a 
£50.4 million bid from Emess 
Lighting. MK Electric also 
announced it had bought 52 
percent of Rotaflex’s shares in 
the market last week. 

MK said it may make an 
offer in convertible preference 
shares on terms around 460p 
per share, but would wish to 
secure the recommendation of 
the Rotaflex board. Rotaflex 
shares rose 5p to 448p. 

Em ess’s paper bid is worth 
429p a share, with Emess 

down 12p at 322p. The cash 
alternative is priced at 400p. 
Emess last week declared its 
bid final and did not allow 
itself the option of revising the 
bid if a competitive situation 

MK also disclosed a 22 per 
cent downturn in taxable prof- 
its to £ 1 7. 7 million for the year 
ending March 29. The final 
dividend, however, was in- 
creased from 6.8p to 7.4p. 
giving a total of 10.8p, a rise of 
5.9 per cent j 

An extraordinary charge of i 
£1 million was made to pro- 
vide for the diminution in 
value of the South African 
operations after the continued 
deterioration in trading. 

by Michael Clark 

revived bid talk. Mr Gerald 
Ronson's Heron Corp recently 
completed the sale of its 
holding, but the whispers of a 
possible bid for the group still 
abound. Analysts claim the 
shares are being re-rated and 
several of them paid a visit to 
the group's operations in Ger- 
many recently and obviously 
came away impressed. 

Glaxo lost 2tip at £10.35 
after Wood Mackenzie, the 
influential Scottish broker, an- 
nounced that it was taking a 
bearish stance towards the 
shares. Apparently, Wood 
Mackenzie is now worried 
about prospects for Gfaxo's 
new drug Ceftazidime in Ja- 
pan. the world's largest inject- 

after the group failed to obtain 
a premium price for the 
product said to be the most 
advanced drug of its type. 
News of the pricing arrange- 
ment has come as a disap- 
pointment to City analysts. 
Wood Mackenzie claims that 
with more bad news than good 
likely over the short term, 
sentiment will probably be 
affected. The broker urges 
clients with overweight posi- 
tions to take the opportunity 
to lighten their holdings. 

On the Unlisted Securities 
Market, shares of Acorn Com- 
puters were unchanged at 50p, 
despite news of the resignation 
from the board of Mr Chris 
Curry, joint founder and for- 


Accord Pub fl25p) 
Alumssc (150p) 

Arington (1T5f>^ 

B?iLareJ (G0p) 

Brad era (l4Sp) 

Campbell Armstrong (flG 
Clarite Hooper (I30p) 
Coaled Electrodes (B4p) 
Dalepak (107p) 

Dean & B <5fip) 

Densttron (S8p) 

mer chief executive. When 
Acorn joined the USM in 
1983. the group was valued at 
around £120 million with Mr 
Curry's holding worth over 
£50 million. But the group had 
to be rescued by the Italian 
typewriter group Olivetti and 
Mr Curry’s stake was eventu- 
ally worth only a fraction of its 
original estimate. 

Keep an eye on LeisnreTime 
International, the hotelier and 
holiday operator, where Mr 
Timotb Aftken, chairman 
and former chief executive of 
Aitken Home, recently bought 
a 16 per cent stake- The word 
from Jersey is that the group's 
hotels are doing a roaring 

bid of l40p. That compares 
with the current price of I02p. 

Rotaflex, currently the tar- 
get of an unwanted £52 mil- 
lion bid from Emess Lighting, 
firmed another 5p to 448p 
after the news that it had 
entered into bid talks with 
MK Electric, down I5p at 
365p. Emess lost I2p at 332p. 

Selective support lifted Al- 
lied Lyons 5p to 353p. It is still 
awaiting the outcome of in- 
vestigations by the Monopo- 
lies Commission into the bid 
by the Australian brewer El- 
ders IXL 

There was also support for 
Bass, I5p dearer at 805p; 
Matthew Brown, up 5p to 


Fields (MRS) ( 1 «Jf 
Guthrie Cora (150* 
Hamas (J) Vl40p) 

Jurys Hotel (115p) 
Ujpeot (145p) 
Monotype (57p) 
Savage (100p) 
Smallbore (lisp) 
Soundtracks MOp) 
Task Force (95p| 
Tech For Bus (110p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 


490p: Grand Metropolitan, 3p 
higher at 41 3p: Greenall Whit- 
ley, up4p to 1 88p, Guinness, a 
5p increase to 326p; 
Whitbread ‘A’ 5p higher at 
301 p; and Wolverhampton & 
Dudley, the same amount 
higher at 548 p. 

The big insurers continued 
to rally from recent weakness, 
stemming from attempts by 
the State of Florida to reduce 
insurance premiums. Stories 
that New York State is think- 
ing along the same lines are 
considered wide of the mark. 

General Accident rose 13p 
to 8)7p; Guardian Royal As- 
surance increased lOp to 867p,. 
after S74p; Sun Alliance was 
up 8p to 687p; and Commer- 

after 307p. 

Among the insurance bro- 
kers, CE Heath rallied !5p to 
544p after reports of a poten- 
tial S 1 billion law suit at one of 
its US subsidiaries earlier in 
the week.. Rival Sedgwick 
finned 3p to 341p and Willis 
Faber jumped 8p to 422p, 
reflecting its holdings in mer- 
chant banker Morgan Grenfell 
where dealings are due to start 

Mr Michael Ashcroft's 
Hawley Group slipped 3p to 
116p as the underwriting for 
the group's increased offer for - 
rival Pritchard Services was 
completed after a struggle. But 
Hestair slipped 3p to 180p on 
profit taking. 


Amari N/P 
Antofagasta N/P 
Cliffords Dairies N/P 
Groan U) Np 
De La Rub N/P 
Five Oaks N/P 
Friendly Hotels NP 
Genara Fp 
Nat West Np 
Neil & Spencer Fp 
Pineapple Np 

(issue price in brackets). 

John Crowther in £31m buyouts 

By Lawrence Lever 

The John Crowther Group, 
a textiles company, yesterday 
announced two buyouts total- 
ling about £31 million, which 
will increase its existing share 
capital tv more than 28 per 

The agreed offers, which are 
not interdependent are for 
Sunbeam Wolsey. the Irish 
textiles manufacturer and A & 
J Gelfer, the Glasgow-based 
socks, tie and headwear 

The deals are the latest in a 
string of acquisitions by 

Crowther, which has seen its 
stock market capitalization 

soar from £6 million to £140 

Sound Diffusion, the trou- 
bled leasing company, said 
yesterday that its results for 
the year to December 31 
would be delayed until mid- 

A new accounting standard 
has involved the company in a 
"prodigious amount of extra 
work.” The standard, SSAP 

By Clare Dobie 
21, which, relates to leases and 
hire purchase contracts, was 
issued in August 1984. 

A year ago, Mr Paul 
Stonner, the chairman, said he 
regarded the new standard asja 
help rather than an imposi- 
tion. "Our interpretation of 
SSAP 71 has not been frilly 
examined- nor finally ap- 

proved by our auditors,” he 
said last October. 

One City analyst said yes- 
terday; "Until the audited 
reports and accounts for 1985 
are published the shares will 
remain speculative.” Yester- 
day they rose 1.5p to 36p 
against a high of 158p in 
October 1984. 

We’d like to get 
on first name terms. 


Charter Consolidated ELC. 


Prefimfriaiy Results lor fee Year ended 31 March, 1986 


• Profit before tax: £28.7 m3Bon — up 74% 

• Profit Attributable to Charter: up £9^2 milBon to £19-8 ntiffion 

• Earnings: l&8p per share — . up 88% 

• Net worth: 385 miffion|366p per share) — up 11% 

Summaiy of The 

Results Gompany 

Profits showed a sharp improvement -in the- - Charter Consolidated is the parent 
year to 31 March, 1986. Revenue increased company of a British group engaged 
and interest charges were much lower. Profit in manufacturing, construction 
before tax, up 74 per cent, rose £122 mfflion mining, and finance and investment, 
to £28.7 million. After taxation at a lower 

effective rate, profit after tax more than ' Charter's business has been extensively 
doubled to £19.8 million from tost year's. £9 reshaped in recent years and much of 
million and earnings per share were J8-8p the capital employed is now in operat- 
compared with lOp. . . ;ing companies. 

An increased dividend of 7.75p per s hare is The manufacturing companies pro- 
reco m r n end e dtogiveatotaltfiwdendrfll^p. duce mining equipment railway track 

■me better profits of Charter reflect continued components, fite protection and other 
progress -nr reshaping the Group, reducing the materials. The construction 
terel of bonrodqg aid seeking higher redans industry companies are engaged in 
on capital. Progress has been made in an three f ,v, > er^neenng, constructron and 
are^Zng the past year and although more instilatton services. The mining com- 
■ needs rote donTfanTis in hand) inchdl P 3 " 1 ® Produce coal and tungsten. 

eneineerin i , the advances made by tin? operar- • . , . . . 

WoSStes in the manufacturing sector. Besides the operating companies the 
where tteU of.openaing capital- know Croup has mtHKts in the marteting 
cLureencotuagbi refinmg. and fabrication of precious 

^ £ ^ - metals, the manufacture of auto- 

motive and industrial catalysts, in 
' natural resources and in financial 

Copies of the pndimbeoy statement can be obtained from the Compaq? V registered office at 
40HoQjotti Viaduct. London EC1P IAJ. 

TfeAam&d Report wEbepasted to shareholders on or about JQthJufy 1986- 

P (LEASE DON’T THINK we’re advocating any 
unseemly informality. Far from it. 

We merely wish to become the first name that 
springs to mind when you’re considering anything 
to do with offices, shops, or industrial and high- 
technology buildings. 

Anything, did we say? Yes, more or less. 

We’re aware thatTs rather a large claim. 

However; we are rather a large practice. (We’ve 
eighty-five partners and associates, and over five 
hundred staff in the UK alone.) 

And we didn’t get big by turning down small jobs. 
In the past year; for example, we’ve handled in- 
structions on units ranging in size from 400 square 
feet up Admittedly, the largest is over 1.5 million 
square feet, and it% true that much of our work is 
extremely large. 

As a matter of fact we think our size adds 
perspective to our experience and skills. 

Big can be beautiful too, you know. x 

We’d like to put our skills at your service. And, to 
begin with, we invite you to have a copy of our 
personal directory. 

It will guide you to the person you need. 

Of course who you need depends on what you 
want So left run through what we do. 

Our investment people handle buying and selling, 
and the funding of property development 
Our agency teams cover developing, letting and 
acquiring, as well as rent reviews and lease renewals. 

Our valuations group can tell you what your 
property^ worth. 

And in these days oPintelligent buildings’ you need 
highly intelligent advice on management, mainten- 
ance, and the improvement of property 
Whaft more our databank is one of the largest 
sources of commercial property information; which is 
one reason we act as consultants to so many clients. 

9^^ ■> 

*>, : >iv 

f 4 S 

■’ rtf you'd likej copy of cur 
/KTsunof directory, calf 0WW 6040) 



And we’re just as at home abroad. 

In other Jones LangWootton firms overseas there 
are a further 125 partners and 1,200 staff, in 35 offices, 
in 14 countries, on 4 continents. 

Whether you’re at home or abroad, large or small, 
weYe at your service. 

If you’d like to know anything else, please call us 
on 01-493 6040. 

To begin with, just ask for Jones Lang Woottoa 

Jones Lang \5roofflm 

The first name to call in commercial property. 

Chartered Survevors. International Real Estate Consultants. 22 Hanover Square, London W1A 2BN. Telephone; 01-493 6040. 
Kent House, Telegraph Street, Mooisate, London EC2 R 7JL. Telephone; 01-638 6040. 





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Aid for shipbuilding 
‘will be a priority’ 

US bank 

in London 

By Teresa Poete 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The Government is to make 
strenuous efforts to ensure 
that stale aid to the European 
shipbuilding industry is grant- 
ed on “equal and fair terms," 
Mr Peter Morrison, Minister 
of State for Industry, said 
yesterday. Subsidies are to 
come under stricter European 
Economic Community con- 

The Minister responsible 
for Britain's troubled mer- 
chant shipbuilding industry* 
Mr Morrison told the Com- 
mons Trade and Industry 
Select Committee that be 
would be taking the opportu- 
nity of Britain's six-months 
presidency of the EEC to make 
state assistance to the ship- 
yards a priority. 

More stringent control over 
shipbuilding subsidies are ex- 
pected to result from the re- 
drafting this year of the fifth 
directive, which governs state 
akL Community industry 
ministers have already decid- 
ed that there should be a 
common ceiling of subsidies, 
but Mr Morrison said yester- 
day that it was too early to 
reach conclusions on how the 
limit should be calculated. 

The EEC discussions, which 
should be completed by the 
autumn, go to the heart of the 
argument within the commu- 


Peter Morrison: “We have 
been very generous” 

nity over direct and indirect 

West Germany, which is 
against the type of direct 
assistance given to British 
Shipbuilders has. however, 
subsidized its industry with 
tax concessions, and France 
and Italy have also come in for 

Mr Morrison said that he 
believed that all European 
shipbuilders should compete 
on fair terms “and I am doing 
everything in my power to 
ensure that all aids for ship- 
building are taken into ac- 
count before we get a 
successor for the fifth 

He made it clear that the 
Government ruled out a sub- 

stantial additional subsidy to 
help British Shipbuilders 
avoid the 3^00 job losses, 
announced recently. He 
agreed that the redundancies 
would cost £38 million, but he 
said that in the past seven 
yean the Government had 
been “very generous” in grant- 
ing £1,500 million of aid to 
British Shipbuilders. 

No Government, he said, 
had a blank cheque and, in 
any case, was constrained by 
EEC regulations. “If we go 
over the top the commission 
will be knocking at our 

But he accepted that, be- 
cause of fierce world competi- 
tion and the poor market for 
merchant snips, state aid 
would have to continue. “If 
we had no subsidy at all then I 
don't think there would be a 
shipbuilding industry in 

Mr Morrison said the Gov- 
ernment was taking an opti- 
mistic view on the future for 
British Shipbuilders. It was j 
confident that the corporation 1 
could stay within agreed fi- 
nancial limits and that there i 
would be no further shipyard 

“But I do not want to 
underestimate the very severe 
difficulties of the market- 
place. " 

Manufacturers Hanover, 
the American bank, yesterday 
announced itsarrival as a late 
player in the British leveraged 
buyout market 

Mr Mark Solow, executive 
vice president, said: “We’re a 
little late in getting fiera We 
feel it is time to make our 
mark.” The bank has opened a 
European office for aquiriricm 
finance in London, specializ- 
ing in leveraged deals, acquisi- 
tions and mergers. 

Until now, the British oper- 
ations of Manufacturers Han- 
over have concentrated on 
traditional merchant banking 
activities, with only a limited 
involvement in mergers and 

In the United States, the 
bank claims to be the leader in 

j but its main rivals? Citibank 
and Bankers Trust, have been 
quicker to break into the 
British market Citibank has 
earmarked £100 million for i 
equity investment in British 

Mr Solow said be expected ; 
the increase in buyout activity j 
to continue in the wake of the 
£1 billion-plus mergers. , 

Peat Marwick, the accoun- j 
tancy firm, recently forecast ' 
management buyouts worth i 
more than £2 billion in Britain ! 
this year, compared with £40 
million in 1980. 

Opec cuts a dash on Brioni 

The 13 off ministers of foe 
Organization of Petrotemm 
Exporting Countries, who axe 
representatives of the creators 
of several of the recent crises 
of capitalism and themselves 
conspicuous consumers, have 
settled themselves in a Com- 
mimist retreat in an effort to 
find a way of sending world oil 
prices back upwards. 

Opec thought that it amid 
avoid the hustle and bustle 
which normally surrounds 
their meetings in Geneva or 
Vienna by accepting an invita- 
tion from tiie Yugoslav Gov- 
ernment to hold their summer 
mooring QJJ the of 

Brioni, once a summer palace 
Coir President Tito and now a 

npriiMwl park. 

However, the attentions of 
the media, foe oO companies 
and oO traders, coupled with 
Yugoslavia's form of Gold 
Card Communism, has made 
the Brioni meeting as high 
profile as possible. 

The traditional features of 
an Opec meeting are in place. 
The bodyguards and advisers 
hover around each minister. 
Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamanfs 
bullet-proof Rolls-Royce has 
been replaced by a rakish 
white luxury yacht, the only 
<me to be allowed to moor 
directly outside foe conference 

Sheikh Yamanfs disgust at 
Britain's refusal refnring to 
co-operate with Opec in cut- 
ting North Sea oQ oatpnt to 
help push prices hack upwards 
does not seem to have affected 
his taste for things British. 

The yacht, which brought 
him from Venice, where he 
met foe new Norwegian off 
minister, Mr Arne Omen, flies 
foe Red Ensign and foe blazer, 
flannels and yachting cap the 
Sfaefffo wore as he stepped oft 
brought a dash of Cowes to foe 
small island harbour. 

Another Opec tradition has 
remained intact, one which 

again ones something to die 
British educational system. 
Sheikh Mana Sneed Oiaiba, 
foe United Arab Emirates off 
minister pnrsumg his hobby of 
writing poetry, something be 
picked up while at Oxford, has 
penned his Opec code. 

He says: 

Behold I see Opec's petrol in 
the market. 

Like a stabbed knight, 
whose sword is still in hand, 
whose wounds stiU bleed, his 
kinsfolk do not offer him a 
tender breast for rest 

But on the contrary they 
even look on him with impo- 
tence as they start to dispute 
■who shall win this or that 

We meet today on this 
island, but worry, like a cloud, 
hangs over my head. 

I wish we came here as 
tourists for fim and to relax, 
rather than stirring dormant 

Or blowing hat the buried 

embers (four dissent as hostile 
brothers we've become. WiU 
we be reconciled upon the hills 
ef Brioni? 

That would be the best start, 
if realised, to reach a firm and 
balanced settlement. 

Those of his coffeagnes who | 
have been presented with a j 
version In Arabic say that it is ■ 
just as good as the English | 

However, foe til ministers , 
might find it cheaper tn have 
arrived as tourists. The invok- ! 
ing of foe name Opec tn 
acquire a hotel room or order j 
in a restaurant seems to ! 
antomatkally doable the price- 

The remedy of moving else- 
where does not work either. 
The Yugoslav tourism authori- 
ties have organized every 
movement of those covering 
the meeting and those observ-. 
ing with considerable pre- 

David Young 


At the Annual General Meeting on June 25th the 
Chalmjan, Lord Cayzer, made the following 
remarks which are supplementary to his state- 
ment which accompanied the Accounts: 

As reported we have achieved a profit for the past 
year before tax of £76,848,000. I have once more 
expressed my view that the consolidation of the 
Group's share of the profits of associated companies 
flatters to deceive, as the sums of money we actually 
receive are very much smaller than the amounts con- 

of our new opportunities, such as Kaines, the com- 
modity dealing company, and The Scottish National 
Trust More recently, we have announced the forma- 
tion of a new company - Royale Resorts International 
Limited - jointly with the Sun Hotels International 
Group; we look forward to the success of this new 
enterprise which constitutes a significant expansion of 
our existing interest in the hotel and leisure sector. 

We must, however, expect a little time to elapse 
before the profits from our new investments begin to 
flow in proper fashion. 

As reported in my Statement we have sold our 
interests in Exco and OCL and this must be taken into 
account when considering this year’s profits. 

1 have reported that our shipping activity is almost at 
an end. I am very s ad that this should be the case, but 
the slump in world shipping is the worst that I can 
remember in my lifetime, and we simply could not 
afford to wait for the turn of the tide. Our association 
with shipping, once our main activity, goes back to my 
grandfather’s day: without Sir Charles Cayzer’s initia- 
tive B & C would not exist 

As usual I have great pleasure in expressing my 
warm thanks to all who work in the Group and by their 
efforts contribute so much to it Good management is 
crucial to our success, and in this regard I am very glad 
to welcome Mr. John Gunn and Mr. David Kinloch to 
the Board of British & Commonwealth. They will be an 
added strength to a good management team. 

As I have said, the result from air transport is disap- 
pointing. The fixed wing side Is a difficult one In which 
to make profits, but I am glad to say that so far, tilings 
this year are rather better. In regard to Bristow Helicop- 
ters we are passing through a time of recession owing 
to the fall in the price of oil, but as I have said Bristow 
is a strong, well managed Company and will weather 
the storm. 

I am also always conscious that private enterprise 
depends on a government which is in sympathy with 
that aim, and which believes that it is important for the 
community and country to have companies and 
people who are reedy to stand on their own feet and 
take advantage of opportunities as they become avail- 
able to them. We certainly agree with this, and the 
Government have clearly shown that they think along 
these lines. 

Airwork continues to prosper and to trade satisfac- 
torily. Our other interests, including hotels and office 
equipment are also performing welt. 

I have said this is a year of change, and it must be 
dear that this will have some effect in the short term. 
Nevertheless I am quite confident that your Company 
is soundly based and over the years will continue to 
make progress. 

Having sold the interests I have mentioned we have 
begun to re-deploy toe funds which have become 
available. In my Statement I have mentioned several 

Finally, the time has arrived to change the name of 
your Company. The Registrar of Companies has given 
provisional approval for Qte name - Britfoh & Common- 
wealth Holdings PLC -and the appropriate resolution 
will be put before shareholders in due course. 



Year ended December 31 st 



Profit before taxation 



Profit before extraordinary Items 



Shareholders’ funds 



Earnings per ordinary stock unit oMOp 



Dividends per ordinary stock unit of 1 0p 



For a copy of the Report & Accounts telephone 01-283 4343, Ext. 138, or write 
to the Company at Cayzer House, 2&4St. Mary Axe. London, EC3A 8BP. 

iPAY JUNE 26 1986 



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3.1 19 295 

25 79 84 

1.1 19 219 

7.7 125 869 
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29 2.1 179 
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109 41 7.1 
49 89 78 
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232 .. 25 

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220 130 

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TURNER: For the year March 
28. with figures in £000 
turnover was 40,643 (36,214), 
operating profit was 4,633 
(3,57 IX net finance income 376 
(199) and profit before tax was 

final dividend is l-25p (lp). 

making 2-2p (I.75p) for year to 
March 3I. With figures m £000 
turnover was 9,167 (4*317), 
rents payable and other property 
outgoings 760 (S53). Gross 
profit from the sale of properties 

(1,564). Other income 248 

(283). Finance costs 3.763 (859). 
Administration and other ex- 
penses 1.572 (1,109). Share of 
profits of associates 398 (225), 
pretax profit 4,570 (3,958). Tax 

credit 668 (84S charge), cps 9.3p 

dividend is l.lp (lp). making 
1.6p (1.45p) for the year to 
Mmdi 31. With fiaures m £000 
turnover was 25,824 (24,586), 
operating profit was 3.629 
(2,584). interest payable 2,590 
(1.754). Pretax profit 1,039 
(830) and tax 420 (265). Earn- 

ings per share were Z6Jp 

\ Li-* ’ 

from listed investments (gross) 
were as follows: £14,087 
(£14.3541 Administration ex- 
penses £1 1 ,505 (£1 U 18) and. 
profit before tax £2,661 
(£3,230). Earnings per share 
were (LI3p (O.iSp). 

• -- » 


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ThisadvertiseniBnt ispubtishedbyS.G. V&rtxjrgSiCo. Ljd. on behaM of Dixons Group plcrDtxons").The Directors otDixonsfee the persons 
responsible for the information contained in this advertisement lb the best of their knowledge and belief (having takenaO reasonable cam to onsina 
tftatsuchis the case) tberritofTnat^ in tfiteadvertisemert is in accordance witbtbe facte. The Directors Dixons accept respcnsibiBy accordingly’. 

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Dixons increased offer is final. Acceptances should 
be received by 1.00p.m. on 2nd July, 1986. 

Hie increased otter will close at 1.00 p.m. on 2nd July 1986 unless it has by or on that date become 
uncondibonal as to acceptances. Dixons has reserved the right, however to revise, increase, and/or extend 
the increased offer in a competitive situation. If you require copies of documents, further information or 

assistance in completing your Form of Acceptance, please contact S. G. VtertJuig S Co Ltd at 
33 King William Street London EC 4 R 9 AS. telephone 01-2802222. 

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Tho^ value of Dixons increased offerfoasedonthevalueof Dixons 
securities being offered in ex<^iang©for Wcxjfworth Shares) has - 
been computedby reference toa price for Dixons Ordinary 
Shares of 336p, based on maricetpriasat3J0p.m. on 25th 
June, 1986, after adjusting for Dixons forecast 1985/86 final 

dividend of 2.4225p (net) per share, and an estimateof the value 

of a Dixons Convertible Preference Share of 98438p. 

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Dixons reaps reward of 
investment in Brussels 

'•Hr !rr4'. > : 'Wv 

'i .•••'•/ s. • >* '<% . •'!> •••“• .r 

By Jndith Huntley 

All eyes are turned to Dix- 
ons Group as its bitterly 
contested £1.9 billion bid for 
Woolworth Holdings draws to 
a conclusion. But a shrewd 
purchase in the property sec- 
tor more than a year ago is 
now bearing Dixons useful 

It bought Codic, a Belgian 
property company in March. 
1985 for a mere £1 million 
from the now defunct Espley 
Trust, the property company 
formerly run by Mr Ron 

Dixons Commercial Prop- 
erties. the property develop- 
ment and Hading arm of 
Dixons, bought 90 per cent of 
Codic. leaving 10 per cent 
with Mr Jacques LemaL the 
properly company's president 

It was recognized at the 
time that Codic was an ex- 
tremely well-managed compa- 
ny to the forefront of 
development in Belgium. But 
the market in the country at 
the time was still far from 
exciting. Brussels, in particu- 
lar. had been a no-go area for 
British developers and inves- 
tors for more than a decade. 
Many had had their fingers 
burned after the collapse of 
the property market in 1973-4. 

The story is now different 
Demand in Brussels' is high 
and new supply is almost non- 

existent The result is rising 
rents and a healthy invest- 
ment market. 

Codic is set to take full 
advantage of the situation, 
earning its parent Dixons, a 
healthy profit into the bargain. 
The company has sold two of 
its schemes — its first office 
developments in the centre of 
Brussels — to foreign investors 
within the past month. 

The 4.000 sq-meire build- 
ing, prelet to the European 
Economic Community at 
BFr5.200 (£74) a sq metre 
near the British Embassy, was 
bought by Azko- 
Pensioenfonds, a Dutch insti- 
tution for BFr300 million. 
And the 7.400 sq-metre block 
at Rue Monteyer was bought 
by VITA, a Swiss insurance 
company, for BFriOOmillion. 

Codic has been carefully 
nurturing a land bank in the 
city, ensuring that it can 
develop at a time when there 
is a scarcity of new office 
space. The Rue Monteyer 
project is expected to see rents 
of BFr5,600 a sq metre, a 
figure which has yet to be 
achieved in Brussels. 

Richard Ellis, the British 
estate agents which handles 
much of Codic’s work, says 
that new rent levels of 
BFr6500 a sq metre will soon 
be achieved in Brussels, such 
is the strength of demand for 

expansion from multi-nation- 
al companies. 

The lack of new space, 
resulting from the previous 
oversupply, is putting the 
squeeze on rents and again 
making development attrac- 

Office rents in the prime 
area of Brussels, the Quartier 
Leopold, have risen by 25 per 
cent in the past 1 8 months and 
by 67 per cent since 1980. 
Vacancies in modern offices, 
which stood at 20 per cent in 
1 976, have fallen to 2 per cent 
today with new offices having 
no vacancies. Falling interest 
rates and improved market 
conditions in Belgium are 
attracting both indigenous 
and foreign funds to commer- 
cial properly. 

British developers would 
have a hard lime competing 
with the Belgians on their 
home territory. But there have 
been signs of interest from the 
likes of London & Edinburgh 
Trust and Ham merlon. 

Investors are finding that 
there is a shortage of proper- 
ties to buy. They are either 
having to develop themselves 
or forward purchase projects 
which are being developed 
with the risk that they will be 

Richard Ellis says that the 
initial return to investors is 
likely to be 7 per cenL but 
there is pressure for yields to 

fall slightly as property prices 
have virtually doubled. 

An indication of the confi- 
dence in the Belgian economy, 
which is recovering from a 
tough time, and the property 
market, which has also seen its 
bad times, was the flotation of 
the Glaverbe! building on the 
Brussels Stock Exchange. The 
sale of BFrl billion of bearer 
bonds in the 35,000 sq-meire 
office block, formerly owned 
by the Belgian and Dutch 
pension funds of Unilever, on 
the outer ring road in Brussels, 
was Lhe biggest property bond 
undertaken in Belgium. The 
bonds con be traded on the 
secondary market of the Brus- 
sels stock exchange. 

The issue was immediately 
taken up. largely by private 
investors, and is' trading at a 
23 per cent premium to the 
January. 1986 issue price of 

The certificates are attrac- 
tive to high tax-paying indi- 
viduals. offering a 9.25 per 
cent yield less a 25 per cent 
withholding tax and compar- 
ing favourably with Govern- 
ment bonds, which are not 
index-linked as in Britain. 

The Glaverbel certificates 
are the model for Richard Ellis 
and County Bank's property- 
income certificates, the new 
investment vehicle proposed 
for commercial properly in 

Japanese buy 
three prime 
City buildings 

- ’> ; • j;, , ' '•$ 

. • V: - • 

HTit wrifniili i ii Tiwn r :?! v " : ~ " " r r ~ A 

City Tower, the refurbishment of a 131,000 sq ft building in the 
Square Mile's Basinghall Street by Wales City of London 
Properties and Phoenix Assurance, is now folly let Tbe final 
rents on the building are £37 a sq ft and reflect a growth of 42 
per cent since City Toner came on the market 18 months ago. 

The letting agent was Baker Harris Saonders. 

Kumagai Gumi, Japan's 
largest construction company, 
has made a shrewd move in 
buying three adjoining City of 
London freeholds for an esti- 
mated £90 million. 

The buildings, at 41, 51 and 
55 Bishopsgate. are in a prime 
City location: in addition, 
they are occupied by tenants 
who are either moving or 
considering it, leaving the way 
clear for a 250.000 sq ft 
redevelopment soon. 

Either way the Japanese 
company, which aims to build 
a portfolio of first class invest- 
ments in the UK. will do well 
from the purchase. A rent 
review is due on 55 
Bishop&gate in 1 988 and in the 
interim lhe offices rented by 
Hambros Bank and Canadian 
Imperial provide a good 

Canadian Imperial is due to 
move soon to St Martins 
Property Corporation's Lon- 
don Bridge City development 
on the south side of the river. 
Hambros Bank is also be- 
lieved to be looking for a 
larger home as a result of the 
big bang. That, combined 
with the buildings' increasing 
obsolescence, prompts specu- 
lation that a redevelopment 
would be the long-term aim 
for Kumagai Gumi. 

The company prefers a low 
profile, doing its deals quietly. 
Hampton & Sons, advised by 

Chestertons, acted for the 
company on 5S Bishopsgate, 
purchased from the Church 
Commissioners; while Jones 
Lang Wootton advised on the 
purchase of 41 and 51 from 
the GEC Pension Fund. 

The agents will not com- 
ment on long-term plans for 
the buildings, nor will they' say 
whether or not Kumagai 
Gumi will try’ to buy existing 

But the company can afford 
io take a relaxed attitude to 
the possibility of buying out 
its tenants' leases. Interest 
rates in Japan are half those in 
Britain and the yen's strength 
makes UK property relatively 
cheap for the Japanese. 

Kumagai Gumi is also in- 
volved in developing a large 
office scheme in Si Martins-Ie- 
Grand and convening the 
former Bourne and 
Hollingsworth department 
store in Oxford Streei into a 
speciality retail centre. 

Kumagai Gumi is looking 
for more investment and de- 
velopment opportunities in 
the City. But restrictions on 
investing in Japan and the 
sheer weight of money avail- 
able mean that its net is likely 
to spread wider, encompass- 
ing the rest of Europe. 

It already has substantial 
investments in Australia and 
is rapidly expanding in 

In 1985 our 

Arlington scheme 

Hpliyprpd m^inr wins approval 

libJtt If II ya H |H| f| M R , - * 2 Arlington Securities, the eventual number depen< 

mMU J ^ newly floated developer of the net potential area ol 

^ VP business narks, has been the Birmingham Bnsinc 

successes for the Wimp 

Turnover up by 

7% % 

to £1,581m 

Profit before tax is 

JS? % 


f t 

t/S ... , 

Earnings per share increased by 



Dividends rose 

¥ % 

Arlington Securities, the 
newly floated developer of 
business parks, has been 
given permission by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary 
of State for tbe Environment, 
fora 148-acre business 
park in the Green Belt, next 
to Birmingham's National 
Exhibition Centre and dose to 
tbe M6-M42 junction. 

Tbe decision to give per- 
mission to Arlington comes 
after an examination of the 
West Midlands Structure 
Plan, prompted by the 
West Midlands County 
Coandl's promotion of a 
larger business park next to 
the NEC on land it owns. 

The Environment Secre- 
tary has given permission di- 
rect to Arlington rather 
than instructing the local au- 
thorities to do so. This au- 
thorization, for 2 A million sq 
ft of space, triggers an 
agreement by Arlington to buy 
the interests of its two 
partners — the Hayward and 
Hollward families — once 
all the conditions attached to 
the permission are 

Pay meat will he the is- 
sue of up to 4 million Arling- 
ton shares, but tbe 




ABN 10.00% 

Adam & Company 10.00% 

BCCI 10.00% 

Citibank Savmgsf 10.75% 

Consolidaled Crtte 10.00% 

CcntrentaJ Trust - — 10.00% 

Co-operative Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai. 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank.. 10.00% 

Nat Westminster. 10.00% 

Royal Bank at Scotland 10.00% 

TSB ....10.00% 

Cmbank NA 10.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rale. 

eventual number depends on 
tbe net potential area of 
the Birmingham Easiness 
Park capable of being de- 
veloped, which could be less 
than 148 acres. 

The conditions include 
the type of business (electron- 
ics, research and develop- 
ment, computers), parking 
requirements, density, 
height restrictions and access 
to the motorways. 

Arlington aims to build a 
high-quality development 
consisting of modern busi- 
ness space in a landscaped 
setting, phased over five to 
10 years. 

Its financial partner is 
Philip Hill Investment Trust. 

• Heron Property Corpo- 
ration plans to develop a £50 
million, 400,000 sq ft 
shopping and leisure complex 
at Livingston New Town in 
Lothian. Its appointment by 
Livingston Development 
Corporation comes after ap- 
proval from tbe Scottish 
Office following a year of ne- 
gotiations by Heron's as- 
sociate company. Heron 
Sellar Properties. 

Heron says it is the only- 
retail site of this size with 
planning permission in 

• Bristol City Council has 
given approval for tbe city's 
first retail warehouse park. 

A 135.000 sq ft park will be 
bnilt at the Eastgate Cen- 
tre next to Eastville Stadium. 
BS Estates owns the 10- 
acre site nhich is next to 

Great Mills, the DIY 
operator, will take 40,000 sq 
ft there. JP Sturge & Sons 
advised the developer. 

• London & Edinburgh 
Trust and Capital & Conti- 
nental have let their refur- 
bishment in the Rue d 'Anjou, 
Paris, at what is believed 

to be a record rent. 

The lstitulo Bancario 
San Paolo di Torino is paying 
3.000 francs (£278) a sq ft. 



a°lo % 



Wimpey is now ready to go like a 

in 1986. f. 

® mm ‘mm ’mx sss wa 1 

For a copy of our 1985 Annual Report and Accounts please write to: W 
Angus Miller, Corporate Relations Department, George Wimpey PLC, 
Hammersmith Grove, London W6 7EN. 1 

Name ffl 

S; Company 
§? Address 




, High Volume Trading 


Busy Commuter Location 
Stylish New Facades 

For more details, contact: 

Property Board 

I Denison House, 

296-298 Vauxhall Bridge Road, London SW1V 1AG. 
Telephone: 01-828 4869 (24 hre). 






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Africa’s prospects improve 
but resource gap remains 

Jaw Report funei6 198& 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Prospects for reversing the 
decline into even greater am- 
ine and poverty in Africa are 
better now than for many 
years, according, to a special 
World Bank report released in 
London yesterday. However, 
the report says that present 
opportunities will be wasted 
unless Africa receives addi- 
tional aid and debt relief. 

Several factors have com- 
bined this year to produce an 
improved short-term outlook. 
These include the fell in world 
oil prices, which will save the 
low income African countries 
up to $i billion a year, the 
sharp rise in coffee prices, 
which will boost export earn- 
ings by around $750 million; 
and the good rains, which 
have boosted the output of 
some crops by 50 per cent. 

In addition, the environ- 
ment for increased official aid 
to the poorest countries has 
improved, partly because of 
live Aid and Sport Aid. 

The World Bank believes 
that Africa should press ahead 
with policy reforms, aimed at 
bringing about the structural 
adjustments needed for devel- 
opment. Bui, it adds, the 
donor countries must play 
their part by fining Africa’s 
resource gap, which is estimat- 
ed, even on relatively optimis- 
tic assumptions about aid 
already in place, at $2.5 billion 
a year. 

Africa is in a uniquely grim 
situation because of tow and 
declining per capita income, 
combined with food and debt 
problems. In addition it is the 
only region of the world where 
human resource development, 
through educational and other 
institutions, is actually going 

In the 1970s. Africa's prob- 
lem was thought to be its high 
population growth together 
with inefficient use of re- 
sources, which nowadays are 

also in short supply. That is 
why the resource gap must be 
met, the World Bank says. 

Of the $15 billion required 
each year, a little over $1 
billion is needed in bilateral 
aid from the big donor coun- 
tries, the rest coming from 
debt relief and multilateral aid 

The World Bank is optimis- 
tic about increased donations 
from Japan, but disappointed 
that other countries nave not, 
as yet done more. The extra 
$1 billion in bilateral aid is 
less than 2 per cent of the 
annual S60-S70 billion gain to 
the industrialized countries 
from tower oil prices. 

However, the World Bank 
is not in favour of increased 
bank lending to Africa. Such 
non-concessional assistance 
would, in current circum- 
stances, merely add to the debt 
burden. , 

The fell in oil prices and 

improved crops position give 
the African countries a chance 
to devalue their currencies 
without inflationary conse- 
quences, the report says, and 
this is its strongest immediate 
policy prescription. ' 

Atone among the develop- 
ing regions, the countries of 
sub-Saharan Africa have al- 
lowed their real exchange rates 
to appreciate through the 
1970s and 1980s. 

The African situation, while 
grim, is not all gloom, accord- 
ing to the World Bank. Seven 
countries— Botswana, Camer- 
oon, the Ivory Coast, Kenya, 
Malawi, Mauritius and Rwan- 
da - are cited as having 
.achieved substantial reforms 
and reasonable per capita 
income growth. 

The report. Financing Ad- 
justment with Growth in Sub- 
Saharan Africa, 1986-90, is 
available from World Bank 
offices. . 





without warrant 

Guinness Mahon; Mr 
Alastair Morton takes over as 1 
chairman from Lord Graham, 
who will continue as chair man 
of theparent group, Guinness 
Peat Mr Dand Roberts Joins 
the board of Guinness Mahon 
Holdings as finance director. 

Sears: Mr J Michael 
Pickard joins the board as 
deputy chief executive, from 
September 1. 


Avon and Somerset Constab*- 
lary Edwards had a 

Before. Lord Justice Slade and ■ items which he aSr 

Lord Justice CrOOnvJohJKQn - - — — 

[Jodgnrent given June 25] 

Where a constable's reasons 


• JOHN J LEES: Year to 
March 31. 1986. Total dividend 
2p (1.45p. adjusted). Turnover 
£3.98 million (£3.32 million). 
Pretax profit on ordinary activ- 
ities £229,544 (£1 19.366). Earn- 
ings per share 8.06p (7.45p, 

VICES: Dividend 0-75p for the 
year to March 31, 1986. Turn- 
over £7.08 million (£5.26 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit on ordinary 
activities £505,000 (£101.000). 
Earnings per share 2.5p (Q.8p). 

• HALMA: Total dividend 
1.704P (1.42p) for the year to 
March 29, 1986. Turnover 
£31.15 million (£24.94 million}. 
Pretax profit £5.27 million 
(£3.89 million). Earnings per 
share 9.07p (6.67p). 

(subsidiary of Seagram Com- 
pany): Turnover £342.1 million 
(298.91 million) for the year to 

year to April 25. 1986. Interim 
dividend 2p (I.7p). Turnover 
£72.56 million (£54.68 million). 
Pretax profit £578,000 
(£452,000). Earnings per share 
3.8p (3-4p). 

INGS: Year to March 31. Total 
dividend I.65p (U27p, ad- 
justed). Turnover £4.89 million 
(£2.55 million). Pretax profit 
£992,000 (£709,000). Earnings 

per share 5.73p (4.36p). 
-ROUP: Total divi- 

JanT i 1 7 1986* Pretax profit 

£35!l million (£24.25 million). 
Earnings per share 81.9p 


dend for the year to March 31 
last, 9p (7.5pX Turnover £64.4 
million (£54.26 million). Pretax 
profit £5.1 million (£4.12 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 33.8p 
(24. ip). 

• DATASERV: The company 
is making a rights issue on a one- 
for-four basis at 145p a share, 
which has been underwritten. 
The net proceeds of £8. 6 million 
will be used mainly to expand 
the computer maintenance and 
©arts business, which contrib- 
uted just over half of Dataserv s 

1985 profits. 

dend for year, 7.6p (7.1p). 
Turnover £4-4.93 million 
(£40.48 million). Pretax prom 
£3J1 million (£3.05 milium). 
Earnings per share 41. Ip (35.4p, 

year to Man* 31. 1986. Interim 
dividend f.35p (l-25p)- Turn- 
over £21.76 million (£lo57 
million). Pretax profit £664 000 
(£369.000). Earnings per share 


f - 7 — 


year to March ■— - 

over £27.48 million (£25.13 
million). Pretax profit £1.82 
million (£763,000). Earnings per 

Year to March 28, 1986. Total 
dividend 8-25p (8-25p). Turn-, 
over £94.23 million (£72.37 
million). Pretax profit on or- 
dinary activities £6.96 million 
(£7.81 million). Earnings per 
share 27.9p (29.0p). 

• DELMAR GROUP: Year to 
March 31. 1986. Dividend 2p 

(1.85p)- Turnover £4.1 9 million 
(£3.79 million). Pretax profit 
£458.000 (£410,000). Earnings 
per share 4.61p (3.78p). 

over £320,000 (£149,000) for the 
six months to Feb. 28, 1986. Net 
loss £101,000 (£230,000). 

year to end- March. Interim 
dividend 0.5p (nil). Turnover 
£8JS million (£8.61 million). 
Pretax profit £56,000 (£187.000 
loss). Earnings per share 1.3p 
(4.4p loss). 

Year to March 31, 1986. No 
dividend. Pretax loss on or- 
dinary activities, $326,000 
(£215.000), against a profit of 
$502,000. Turnover $2.62 mil- 
lion 152.64 million). 

to March 31. 1986. No dividend 
(nil). Turnover £9.83 million 
(£9.99 million). Pretax loss on 
ordinary activities £289,000 
(£ 1 24.000). Loss per share 4.9 Ip 

Malcolm Bayly 
Kingswood Chemists: Mr 
Malcolm Bayly has been ap- 
pointed operations director. 

Land Investors: Mr Mi- 
chad Fielding becomes depu- 

andMr Colin A Gentuosoa 
Anglo Hausmann Group: 
Mr Renrart* W Jackson be- 
comes company, secretary and 
part-time non-executive direc- 
tor, as well as a member of the 

The Salvage Association: 

I Mr Alan J Birch has been 
made chairman and Mr Peter 
R Chandler becomes deputy 
I chairman. 

Reckitt & Colman: Mr. 
RMM Foster and Mr KH 
j Walley have been appointed 
to the board. n o „ 
Leopold Joseph & Sons: Mr 
| Robin Herbert has been made 
I chief executive. 

. n une a -~rr . 

for suspicion were_ sufficient ne 

was under no obligation to go 
looking for further evidence or 
to probe every explanation be- 
fore exercising his pawex& oi 
arrest under section- 2(4) of the 

Criminal Law Act - 1967. • 

The Court of Appeal (fas-.. _ 

missed an appeal by. the plain- pence each. 

tiff, Christine Lesley Ward. 

from a decision of Mr Assistant 
Recorder Backhouse at Bristol 
County Court on October lo. 


Mr Christopher Sharp for the 
plaintiff; Mr Malcolm Cottenll 
for thediief constable. 

JOHNSON, delivering the re- 
served judgment of the- court, 
said that the case arose oat of 
the aftermath of the riots in the 
St Paul's area of Bristol at Easter 

' The plaintiff brought an ac- 
tion against the drier constable 
alleging wrongful arrest and. 
false imprisonment. 

The judge held that her arr est 
was lawful, but that thereafter 
the plaintiff (who was released 
without being charged) .was held 
in custody unnecessarily tong bv 
about two a half hours and 
for he awarded damaprs . 

The riots were on the night of 
April 2 and 3. Much dam age wa s 

done. There was widespread 
destruction. Shops were tooted. 

Some premises called kiosks, 
which comprised a shop arm 
stock rooms, were ransacked. 
Confectionery up to a value oi 
£10.000 was stolen. That in- 
cluded a large quantity ofEaster 

It toduded flic smfca E3SlCT 

found lfEasier^»M*j£ 

carried downstaireTThcre we* 

.i .. 

carried downstairs. - . 

were ite i she to d taffi; 
them at a 

a sgss- 

tOk£ febds affised but which 

h ^^des' the pfS* 
pfedntiff was too cheap and that 

Suspicion seemed 

later at fte pohee scairejl 
the plaintiff stated a higher 

^DS Edwards’s power to arrest 
without warrant S BI !|g5 7 fi SS 

section 2(4) of the 1967 Act 
which stated: “Where a corH 

irii-rf lUriesagrf 


itiai issue «s a finding cKg 
had the same conirtf » me 

where llw ^ 

AoDeaTs duty was «> 

s-a. b tt , s?tssss 

coun was "5 

xeview the mal judges ap-* 




may arrest wilhom warrant 
anyone whom he, 
able cause, suspects to be guilty 
of the offence". 

The first pan of the ; requu£ 
ment was satisfied since 
Edwards knew that mi wreswbl® 

offence, the theft of the^^ter 
fy ge. had been cofnnntted. iw 
question was whether he had 
reasonable cause 10 suspect the 

mnWfure or sunnise wherd 
proof is lacking: T suspect but f 

otnaincS if *e 

suspicion w g«f c 52”JS 

reasonably sufficient- The ev* 
SSrfLaMHbte o»*»> 

>■< ’I • * />-V 


120 YEARS. 


g^V.v. . 

■ • • • ■ "Vx- - >.-:*> - ; > • - 


Standard Chartered has offered an uninterrupted 

service in China ever since we opened our first office 

in 1858. 

So that today, our six offices stand for two 

A depth of experience in China of the greatest 
value to businesses seeking to seize the burgeoning 
opportunities for trade. 

And a very special approach to the management 

of an international bank. 

In China as in many other major economies, 
Standard Chartered has become an important and 
well-established local bank, in which senior mana- 
gers have developed close relationships with local 
government, financial institutions and businesses. 

And at the same time, part of a fully-integrated 
network of more than 2,000 branches in over 60 
countries, sharing common procedures and infor- 
mation systems. 

It is a delicate balance, but, dearly, an achiev- 
able one. 

Contact your nearest branch for more infor- 

You’ll find an ever-open door 









■] \\ 1 

.*-**•• V , 


. r* 

.* • • • • vy<?r .t.A.**"- ' ' • ‘ 

The stolen goods bad to be 
traced and offenders ident ified , 
and the police sent out teams 
which made investigations and. 
where appropriate; arrests. 

- Detective Sereeant Edwards, 
was the officer who arrested the 
plaintiff. He had on April 5 heat 
given information from a reli- 
able source that a television set 
had been carried into a property 
belonging to the plaintiffs 

VII Allot 

suspicion of felony was prin- 
cipally exercised at common 
law. Wrongful arrest, raise 
imprisonment and malicious 

p rosecuti on’ were often regarded 

as different descriptions of the 
same wrong, the test in each 
being whether there was 
“reasonable -and probable 
cause" for the arrest or prosecu- 

The J967 Act dropped the 
word' “probable” so for as 
arrests by constables were con- 
cerned but gave the constable a 
discretion as to whether or not 


his suspicion and whrch catol 
for an explanation. Jfe 
given an explanation which w»* 
apparently, unmrc. He to- 
believed iu and on good 
grounds. . 

It could not be raid that no 
reasonable constable raouia 
have exercised his discretion » 


J£to make foe arrest.' Hem^ 

SS £ ^tK^fth -toxariry outthe arresL 
Soother' (Steers at about 9J0 The actions were normally 

33 LU mow* — _____ 

have decided not i°. arrest. 
he was entitled to do what ftp 
did. . 

Solicitors: Cartwrights, . Bm* 
tot Mr N. J. L. Pearce, BnstoL 

Meaning of stallholder’s hi 
food while smoking 



! • • • 

Cnckson v Bugg 
Before Lord Justice Woolf and 
Mr Justice Sinion Brown Y 
[Judgment given June 24] 

Although the phrase “whfte he 

is handling any open food* in 
regulation 8(e) of the ' Food 
Hygiene (Markets, Stalls and 
Delivery Vehicles) Regulations 
(SI 1966 No 791) did not bear 
xhe wide interpretation of refer- 
ring to the occupation of die 
handling of food as described in 
regulation 2(2), the word 
“handHng" in relation 8(e) 
was not confined to the- actual 
touching of open food but 
applied where a person was 
carrying out an operation re- 
ferred to in regulation 2(2). 

.Die Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when 
allowing the prosecutor’s appeal 
; fiom the dismissal on October 

17.1985 by St Edmondsbiny 
of an offence contrary 

| Justices v.. «m. w..-— 
to regulations 8, 25 and 26 of the 
Regulations. The court did not 
remit the case to the justices 
j because of the lapse of time. 

Mr Mark Sutton for the 
prosecutor: the defendant did 
not appear and was not repre- 

BROWN said that the defen- 
dant, a market trader for 30 
years, had a vegetable stall. He 
kept the bulk of his produce, if 
not on the stall, in boxes in a 
lorry parked about ten .feet 
behind the stall. 

An environmental health oni- 
j cer saw the defendant serve a 
number oS custome rs an d saw 
him smoking a cigarette, not 
while he was actually in the 
| course of serving individual 

customers but in the short 
intervals between so doit®. 

Before actually serving a cus- 
tomer, the defendant would put 
down his lighted cigarette and 
then when he had. finis hed 
serving one and before serving 

the next be picked it up, drew on 
it, inhaled and exhaled and then, 
served the next customer. 

Regulation 8 under the title 
“Personal cleanliness" pro- 
vided: “A person who engages m 
the handling of food stall whue 
so engaged—. . . (e) refrain from 
the- itself tobacco -or any otbo- 
smoking mixture or snuff while 
he is handling any open food or 
is in any food room in which 
there is open food.” The han- 
dling of rood was defined tn 

regulation 2(2). .. 

The first question which artse 
concerned the precise ambit of 
the opening clause , namely who 
was envisaged by • “A person 
who engages in the handling of 
food shall while so engaged". 

The opemmg clause had to be 
given a wide construction. The 
phrase “while so engaged" nec- 
essarily required that anybody 
who was engaged in an occupa- 
tion felling within regulation 
2(2) attracted the. application of 
regulation 8. 

It was contended that the 
phrase in 8(e), namely “while he 
is handling any open food" 
carried an equally wide inter- 
pretation. That was an impos- 
sible contention. 

The whole of the final phrase 
in regulation 8(e) starting with 
“white he fs handling open 
food" necessarily operated as a 
qualification on the wideness of 
the opening clause of the regula- 

However it did not follow that 
the word “handling" was con- 
fined to actual touching of open 
food. That was an equally 
impossible construction or 
“handling open food" gjyoa the 
definition in regulation 2(2). 

One could be handling any 
open food even when not ac- 
tually touching it provided only 
and always that one was carry- 
ing out the sort of operation to 

which regulation 2(2) referred. 

It was open to justices to 
arrive at the conclusion that a 
stall-hoidCT hai broken off his 
operation of his stall and that 
having done so, be was not 
handling any open food and 
therefore could quite safely 
smoke. . i 

There would not be a suf- 
ficient breaking off of an opera- 
tion if a stan-hdkler decided to 
conduct his operation ofhis stMl 
in such a way as to tak e qui ck 
puffs of a cigarette in be tween 
customers, leaving the lighted 
cigarette conveniently at hand. 

The justices did not ask die 
most critical question raised on 
the information, namely: "Hati 
this defendant, at the point 
when he between serving cm- 
tomers went to bis lorry to have 
a cigarette, broken off the opera- 
tion ofhis vegetable stall or was 
he continuing to operate the 
stall and doing what the regula- 
tion dearly barred him finodL; 
doing?” ; 

The justices did not property- ^ 
address themselves to the ques- 
tion on the proper interpreta- 
tion of regulation 8 which was 
thrown up on the ^ facts of tqe 
case. - . : * . 

Solicitors: Mr Ian Ralph Cart- 
wright, Bury Si Edmunds. i. 

j - 


; tsar 

I . • 

i - 

{ i 



l .• . 

Presence of goods not necessary 
for trading in park 

Burgess v McCracken 

* * 


Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Mr Justice Orton 
[Judgment given June 25] - 
It was not a necessary ingredi- 
ent for an offence of carrying on 
a trade in a park without 
permission, contrary to regula- 
tion 4(5) of the Royal and Other 
Parks and Gardens Regulations 
(SI 1977 No 217), that the 
prosecution should prove that 
the trade alleged to have been 
carried on in the park was a 
trade concerning goods present 
at the time of the alleged 
offence. , „ t 

The question that should be 
I asked by the court dealing with a 
defendant charged with such an 
offence was whether, in the 
circumstances of the particular 
case, the defendant was carrying 
on a trade. . 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when It 
allowed the appeal of the pros- 
ecutor, Police Constable Bur- 
gess, against the decision of Mr 
Ronald D. Bartte, a Bow Street 
Metropolitan Stipendiary Mag- 
istrate, who on April 4, 1985, 
riicmicBed an information laid 
against Robert McCracken 
alleging an offence contrary to 
regulation 4(5) of^the 1977 
Regulations and section 2(i) at 
the Parks 'Regulation (Amend- 
ment) Act 1926, as amended by 
section 92(1) and Schedule 3 to 
the Criminal Justice Act 1967. 

Regulation 4 of the 1977 
Regulations provides: “Unless 
the Secretary of State’s written 
permission has first been ob- 
Sncd, no person using a paric 
Shall (5) carry on any trade or 
business m a Park*-"- 

Mr Roger Ter Hnr-for the 
prosecutor, Mr McCracken m 
person- - 

said that foe magistrate had 

found as feet that foe defendant 

was seen by the prosecutor 
standing tra the pavement of the. 
■ Mafl taking the photographs of 

two pedestrians and money was 
passed to the defendant. 

The magistrate concluded 
that the facts of the case were 
indistinguishable from Newman 

was through the post, he did not 
interfere with peoples 
recreation and he waswifoin foe 
case of Newman. 

His Lordship accepted MrTfr 

*•**«« i 

authority i 
without bearing evidence from 
the defendant. 

that it was clear that the 1977 
Regulations dealt entirely with 
the Draper management of parks 

hip s 

accepted that the Mall was a part 
of St James's Park and was 
therefore within foe ambit of the 
1926 Act and the 1977 Regula- 
tions authorized by section 2(1). 

Mr Ter Haar contended that 
Newman dealt with trading in a 
street and not trading in a pariei 
and different considerations ap- 
plied to trading in a street as 
apposed to trading in a park as 
foe 1 977 Regulations showed. 

He said that foe main purpose 
of street trading regulations was 
to prevent obstruction on foe 
street whereas foe 1977 Regula- 
tions were aimed at the proper 
management of parks: their 
object was that persons using a 
park were not pestered or ir- 
ritated by persons acting as the 
defendant had done, ana regula- 
tion 3 listed certain acts which 
were prohibited altogether. 

The defendant contended that 
the 1977 Regulations did not 
apply to hftn because he was 
simply not trading. His trade 

the proper management * 
and not streets. 

It was clear from the dose of 
the prosecution case in the 
magistrates' court foal there was 
evidence at that stage on which 
foe magistrate could have in- 
ferred that the defendant wfcs 
carrying on a trade in the park 
from his sole transaction: 
whether foe magistrate would so 
infer was a mailer for his 
determination since whether- a 
trade was being carried on was a 
question of feo. I 

The appeal would be allowed 
and the case remitted to the 
magistrate to continue the bear- 

agreeing, said that the question 
in the present case was not 
concerned with street trading « 
in Newman but whether foe 
defendant was carrying on a 
trade in a park. 

There was no total pro- 
hibition on all photographers, 
and licences could be obtained 
Grom the secretary of sate. 



I.. * . . 

SoUdtors: Treasury Solicdtar. 

Supplying information 

Blake v Charles Sullivan Cars 

A requirement to supply 
information, under section 168 
of the Road Traffic Act 1972 
made agamst a limited company 
did not have to satisfy foe 
requirements of section 437 of 
the Companies Act 1948 but 
was satisfactorily achieved by a 
requirement made of the com- 
pany secretary. 

Queen's Bench Di* 


visional Court (Lord Jusfo* 
Woolf and Mr Justice Simon 
Brown) so held on June 24 when 
allowing a prosecutor's appeal 
by way of case stated from foe 
justices' dismissal of -two' 
informations chatmngoflfences 
under section I6Cihe court 
routined foe matter to foe 
justices to continue with 

■ <rrr? 




The past year— the fifth 
, since privatisation — has been 

■ J ‘ ; a period of achievement and 
j progress. Pre-tax profit has 

;• increased by 20 per cent from 
V £245 million to £295 million; 

’ and earnings per share have 

■ • increased by 22 per cent from 

31.7 pence per share to 38.7 
; - : pence per share, 
v; ■ The establishment of a 
competitive, secure, global 
\\ digital highway linking the 
major economic and financial 
’ ’ . centres of the world —our corp- 
orate objective — is progressing 
welL The global network being 
developed will meet the increas- 
ingly sophisticated celecom- 
munications needs of multi- 
national corporations as well 
as the continuing demands of 
developing economies 
-'v Our strategic development 
plans in the Far East and the 
£_■ Pacific have moved forward 

• ’ We have responded posi-. 
tively to the invitation to form 
£ " a parmership with C Itoh, a 
leading Japanese trading cor- 
poration, in a feasibility study 
for an alternative international 
.telecommunications company 

ing shareholding in the Com- 
pany At thesame rime the Com- 
pany took the opportunity of 
issuing some 56 million addi- 
tional shares. I welcome almost 
175,000 new shareholders as a 
result of this share offer— which 
was the second largest equity 
offering in the world 

Cable and Wireless achieved 
another goal by being the first 
British company to be listed on 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange on 2 
April, 1986. This will contribute 
to the greater awareness of the 
Group in the Ear East and will 
also contribute to planned 
future extensions of our activi- 
ties in the vibranteconomies of 
the Pacific Basin. 

Your directors continue to 
pursue vigorously other inter- 
esting and worthwhile oppor- 
tunities which can only be dis- 
closed as they reach fruition. 

I am confident that the 
achievements of the future will 
not disappoint our new share- 
holders. -• 

On 31 March, 1986, Douglas 
Buck retired from the Court of 
Directors. We wish him and his 
wife a long and happy retire- 
ment 1 express our gratitude 
for his contribution to the 

“Continued Profit Growth 

Preliminary Results 

£m ■ 

. 1986 





Profitbefore taxation 



Attributable profit 



Earnings per share 


31. 7p 

Dividend pershare 



The Directors propose a capital isai ion issue to shareholders 
on the basis of one tmr Ordinary Share for every one held 

Support will be given by NTT (I) 
the international subsidiary of the 
Nippon Telephone and Telegraph 
Company .which is the dominant - 
operator of telecommunications in v: 
. Japan. 

By 1990 our new joint venture 
with Pacific Telecom of the United 
States and this new Japanese company 
expects to be operatinga trans-Padfic . 
fibre optic cable (PPAQ. 

This, with an extended fibre optic 
network across the United States and 
our trans-Atlantic fibre optic cable - 
(PTAT), will enablethe Group to handle 
telecom-munications trafficsecurely, 
rapidly and economically between ■ 
the major business and finance centres 
of the world. 

I welcome the interest of Nynex in 
becomingan equal and active partner 
with Cable and Wireless in the trans- 
Atlantic cable,- Nynex, one of the largest 
Bell Operating Companies, operates 
the domesricrelecommuriications 1 
services in the north-eastern area of 
the United States from NewYbik City 
to the border wkh Canada. - ■■ 

Such a partoer-ship will provide 
, the basisfor a digitallinkagebetween 
theUnited Statesand thedigital net- 

work of Mercury in the United King- 
dom,, the 100 per cent subsidiary of 
Cable and Wireless. 

The expansion of Mercury pro- 
ceeds most satisfactorily 15 May, 1986, 
was an historic occasion when lhad the 
privilege with the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, The Rt Hon Paul 
Channon, MS of inaugurating a com- 
petitive public switched network 
making Britain the second country 
in the world after the United States to 
have an alternative public network. 

We hope that with the planned 
installation oflocal exchanges MercuTy 
will be able to provide competitive 
services to an increasing number of 
customers. It is with considerable sat is- 
faction that I can record that more than 
80 per cent of Mercury equipment is 
provided from the United Kingdom. 

The deregulation of the City of 
Londons financial markets, the ‘Big 
Bang,’ has stimulated an increased 

agreement with AT&T in April, 1986, ' 
to operate an international switched 
telephone service between the United 
Kingdom and the United States. New 
agreements with other administrations 
are being negotiated 

The Far East continues to be a 
major contributor to Group profits. 

In December; 1985, 1 was privi- 
leged to open the Eastern Section of 
the Guangdong microwave project for 
which Cable and Wireless provided 
technical assistance. 

On 14 March, 1986, 1 opened the 
Western Section, thus facilitating tele- 
communications traffic between the 
25 cities now linked in the Guangdong 
Province and with Hong Kong. 

The entire microwave system 
stretches over 1,000km. The project 
to allow direct dialling to Hong Kong 
from ten cities in the Pearl Delta area 
is substantially complete 

In December; 1985, Her Majesty’s 
demand for a wider range of more | Treasury successfully sold its remain- 

sophisticated communication ser- 
vices. Mercury is laying a fibre optic 
network within the City to meet this 
demand, and also ordering a System 
X digital exchange which will be in- 
stalled in London in the autuma 
Mercury is now a fully established 
international carrier; following its 



The AnnualGeneral Meeting will be heldat the 
London Hilton Hotel, Park Lane, London W1 
on Friday 25th July 1986 at 11.30am. 

Regional Meetings 

For shareholders unable to attend the Annual 
General Meeting a series of Regional Meetings 
will be held. 

An audio-visual presentation will be given of 
the Group’s activities both through Mercury 
Communications within the United Kingdom 
and Internationally. 

All shareholders will be welcome and will have 
the opportunity to ask. questions concerning 
any aspect of the Group’s operations which is 
of particular interest. 

Monday. 28th July Birmingham Albany Hotel 

Tuesday. 29th] ufy Bristol- GrandHotel 

Thursday. 18th September Manchester Ho id Piccadilly 

Friday, 19th September, Leeds Queen'sHotcl 

Monday. 8th December Edinburgh .Caledonian Hotel 

Meetings will commence at 530pm except for 
Leeds where it wilfbe3t 12 noon. 

Company after 44 years of dedicated 
and professional service. 

I also welcome to the Court- two 
new directors Rod Olsen, Director; 
Far Eastand Gordon Owen, Managing 
Director; Mercury Communications. 

They are responsible for major 
sectors of the Groups activities and 
we look forward to manyyears ofsuc- 
cessful contribution from them. 

In conclusion, I thank my fellow 
directors and the managers and staff 
throughout the world for their support 
in maintaining and strengthening the 
pre-eminent position of the Group as 
the world’s leading international 
operator of telecommunication 

We shall continue to grow 
and to grow / * 

profitably” / 

Sir Eric Sharp 

Chairman and Chief Executive 

Cable and Wireless 

A world leader in Telecommunications 


AY JUNE 26 1986 

r *- 

:■ Si 

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d. IT 

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bavewoa ootngbt or a share of ihe toial 
daily prae mcmcy gaicd. If job area 
winner follow tor dann procedure on me 
back of yow card. You most ajways have 
jour card available when claiming. 



No. caumr 



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share spat tTix^ree .. No 



H ow many business 
sectors have doubled 
the number of jobs 
they provide during 
the past few years? 
- Anyone tempted to respond with a 
nil return might be surprised at 
figures recently produced by the 
Management Consultants* Associ- 
ation (MCA). 

The MCA's membership com- 
prises the majority of the UK’s 
major management consultancies. 
It sets stringent membership qual- 
ifications — for example, the 
average length of service with the 
firm must be three years, and 90 per 
i - cent must hold appropriate profes- 
‘ ‘ sional qualifications. Its 27 mem- 
; ber firms employed more than 
twice as many stafi'in 1 985 as they 
did in 1981 and numbers now 
stand at an all-time record of 3,500, 
generating about £175 million in 
“fees in 1985. 

_ .. Analysis of the MCA's figures 
: suggests that consultancy's ability 
; to buck the general employment 
: trend is due primarily to the 
exponential rate of change in 
■- today's world and the consequent 
■ ' demand for specialized expertise. 

The use of consultants has grown 
: ; across the organizational spec- 
4 trum, and the sector now employs 
a diverse range of expertise. 

r — Clients of alt types use consul- 
units because they need technical 

experts who understand their 
business problems. Sometimes 
they are looking for an indepen- 
dent view on their plans or an 
objective assessment of a tricky 
problem; at other times they are 
looking for a spare hand at the 
pump or a special technical skilL 
Whichever it is, they expect 
someone on the ball who can 
understand their problems and 
work well with them. 

Information technology is the 
field which accounts for the largest 
single volume of MCA members* 
work. It has been a growth area for 
some time. The countless horror 
stories of organizations spending 
small fortunes on systems which 
took too long to develop, never 
worked properly and did not meet 
users' needs have had their effect. 
Using consultants for computer 
strategy and selection studies is 
widely seen as a thoroughly worth- 
while investment. 

As information technology be- 
comes more and more complex, 
with computers linked to one 
another, to telecommunications 
equipment, word-processors and 
so on. the need for technical 
advice becomes even more vital. 
The demand is just as seat in the 
factory as in the office, with 
computer-controlled manufactur- 
ing systems handling everything 
from product design right the way 

Tomorrow’s growth 
of management 
consultancy will 
depend on the supply 
of capable people, 
says Richard Owen 

through the various stages of the 
production process. 

Nowhere is this dependence on 
IT more apparent than in the 
finance sector. As the “Big Bang” 
gels ever closer banks, stockbro- 
kers and the like are racing 
desperately to install the real-time 
systems which, in the new, highly 
competitive global markets, will 
determine not just their success 
but their very survival. It is no 
surprise that the MCA's diem 
analysis shows insurance, banking 
and finance as far and away the 
biggest users of management 

Second on the list comes the 
public sector. The Government's 
efficiency drive has generated a 
requirement for consultants to 
help introduce modern manage- 

ment concepts and commerdal 
practices into government depart- 
ments and organizations such as 
the National Health Service. An- 
other significant source of work is 
privatization, with companies, the 
gas industry, airports, dockyards 
and water authorities- 

In the private sector, the MCA's 
figures show thai use of consul- 
tants is spread evenly across 
companies of all sizes. Small 
businesses, unable to justify em- 
ploying full-time experts in spe- 
cialized fields, have an obvious 
need for consultants: it is now 
easier to do so as there is 
government assistance for some 

Larger companies also have 
good reasons for employing them. 
With staff costs rising and a trend 

away from large headquarters 
staff, many businesses are keeping 
down head counts by using out- 
side specialists to cover peak 
demands. The consultants can 
also bring knowledge of new 
developments with which any 
company will find it hard to keep 

Change afreets not only equip- 
ment and systems but also the 
whole area of business strategy. 
The status quo is gone, probably 
for ever. Fluidity and uncertainty 
arc the hallmarks of the modem 
world. Survival depends on being 
continually aware of the directions 
in which the world is changing and 
on developing strategies to meet 
the requirements of today and 
tomorrow. This is yet another 
field in which the management 
consultant's breadth and objectiv- 
ity is at a premium. 

Such a bullish view of the 
market begs the obvious question: 
Can it last? Consultancy has 
always been a cyclical business. Is 
the current boom not bound to be 
followed by another crash, like 
that of the early 1970s? 

There may be vulnerability in 
certain areas. The supply of 
privatization work is dearly limit- 
ed. and a change of government 
could reduce the pressure on 

public sector efficiency. Post-Big 
Bang, the amount of finance sector 

work may also diminish. Overseas 
business is unpredictable, avail- 
ability fluctuating markedly owing 
to factors such as oil prices, the 
economic situation in developing 
countries and general world trade 

Overall, however, demand 
should be sustained, even in- 
creased. The pace of change, both 
specifically in areas such as infor- 
mation technology, and generally 
in terms of the whole business 
environment, will accelerate rath- 
er than slacken off. The demand 
for technical and strategic advice 
looks set to grow with it. The 
experience in the United Slates, 
where the market is more mature, 
suggests that growth of consultan- 
cy in the UK still has some way to 

C onsultancy's past vul- 
nerability to cyclical 
downturns was due 
largely to its dependence 
on such sectors as engi- 
neering where its original growth 
was based. With the emphasis now 
on supplying a wide range of 
businesses with expertise in areas 
subject to seemingly boundless 
growth, the limiting factor is less 
demand than supply. 

Consultancies have developed 
an insatiable appetite for the best 
people. They need to combine 
outstanding technical expertise. 

with broad practical experience. 
Consultants have to be lateral 
thinkers, able to solve any kind of 
problem. They must possess high- 
ly developed communication 
skills together with the necessary 
personal qualities to attain rapport 
with diems at all levels from the 
factory floor and general office 
right up to the boardroom. 

For the few who meet these 
exacting requirements, the re- 
wards are correspondingly high. 
No longer is consultancy seen 
primarily as a career stepping 
stone. Larger firms mean more 
promotion opportunities. In- 
creased demand for consultancy 
services has resulted in higher 
salaries. Perhaps no less important 
is that consultancy is fun; the 
variety of (he work with highly 
qualified and experienced col- 
leagues is stimulating and 

The future growth of manage- 
ment consultancy therefore de- 
pends above all else on the supply 
of highly capable people. The 
demand for their services appears 
lo know no bounds. For the 1 980s 
and beyond the motto seems to be: 
More work for the more able. 
Richard Owen is managing part- 
ner of Touche Ross, the manage- 
ment consultants, and vice- 
chairman of the Management 
Consultants ' Association 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Electronics/Electrical Engineers 

Worldwide broadcast coverage, from Edinburgh, of tins 
year' s Commonwealth Games is a complex engineering operation 
involving terrestrial and satellite transmission networks. 

It's no easy 1 task to beam pictures and sound across the 
world, as any international football fan will now tell you. 

But, thanks to a wealth of engineering talent and some of 
the most sophisticated television technology around, it’s well 
within the capabilities of the BBC's engineers. 

A world of change 

In London and at Regional Television Centres throughout 
the UK, teams of skilled engineers are involved in the develop- 
ment installation, maintenance and operation of advanced 
equipment to produce and broadcast two television channels to - 
a national and often international audience of millions. 

And with day lime television on the horizon, we're 
concerned not only with technical innovation, but also with very 
high levels of reliability. Because, however professional and 
trouble-free our programmes appear, behind the scenes a high 
degree of engineering expertise is being applied lo produce the 
smooth output we all expecL 

Achieving high standards under pressure is the challenge 
which confronts and stimulates our engineers. 

To join them, you'll need a degree, or equivalent in 
Electrical or Electronic Engineering, normal hearing and colour 
vision, plus the interest and motivation to work in Broadcasting 
and the unusual hours this often entails. 

Attractive starting salaries, currently under review, based 
on experience, are enhanced by allowances for shift or irregular 
hours of work. 

So if you'd like to work in television where the technology 
is as advanced as any communications or computer company. 

000 engineering 

please write lo: The Engineering Recruitment Officer, 

. BBC. P.O. Box 2BL, London WIA2BL. 

quoting reference number 86.E.4QI2/T 
■* and enclosing a . self addres-sed 

We an? an Eq ual Opportunities Employee envelope measu ring 9" x 6". 


NEC Business Systems (Europe) Ltd .7 
Where technology is advancing people 

Join a world leader in the forefront of the computer and 
communications fiekl. Excellent opportunity to develop and 
progress with us at NEC 

Business Planner 

London NW1 £9, 000-E1 1,500 

The Job You 

• Monitoring current and future • Graduate/HND with 

business trends for an Business/Economics or 

exciting range of high Engineering Degree, 

technology products. preferably with an interest in 

• Preparing business computers and high 

forecasts in conjunction with technology. 

sales management • At least 1 year’s experience in 

• Presentation of sates results. Marketing/Planning role in a 

• Recommending and technology based company, 

implementing courses of • Good communication skills 

action resultant from arid a high standard of 

business forecasts. numeracy and literacy. 

• Researching and • Experience of dealing with all 

maintaining awareness of levels of people. 

product markets. * Must be able to work on own 

initiative often under pressure 

within tight deadlines. 

We offer a good salary and the usual benefits associated with a 
large company. Please write with full CVto: Irene Woodcock, 
Personnel Executive, NEC Business Systems (Europe) Ltd, 
35 Oval Road, London NW1 7EA or telephone for an 
application form on 01 -267 4530 using our 24 hour 
ansaphone service. 




£12300 - £ 15,100 

Excellent opportunity for an Accountant with ambition to 
reach senior management level within finance or general 
management in the NHS. 

The person appointed will provide fmann:>' mJiunement 
support and advice to the General Manager n-sounsiDlc 
for the elTective control and utilisation ol the resources 
committed to general patient care services. 

The general care unit has a flom. budget and employs 
1.300 staff Care is provided by the unit through the 
District's general hospital at Epsom, three supporting col- 
lage and community hospitals, an elderly care unit and 
community based staff. 

Technical requirements are a professional accounting 
qualification and/or a degree m a business or finance 

The district is leading the developemcnt ofa new financial 
management system for the South West Thames Region. 

For father nfonnatioa and job details 
contact the PresonneJ Officer 
Epsom District Hospital. Dorking Road. 

Epsom. Td: Epsom 26100. Ext. 428. 

Dr. Tudor Thomas, the General Manager, would be 
pleased to discuss the job with prospective applicants. 

Closing dale: lllh July 1986 

Are you earning £20,000— £100,000 p.a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's cfiscreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

one: 01-734 3879 (24 hours} 


32Savite Row London, W1 
The Executive Job Search Professionals 

' IT consultants M4 corridor - defined 

illustrious, il-vs'tri-as, adj. Gctopers and Lybrand Associates, the 
U.K.'s leading firm of financial and management consultants, 
requires IT professionals with at least 4- years data processing, plus 
management, experience. 

instant, in-siant % n. right now, opportunities with rapid promotion 
prospects exist for senior consultants (25-35). for instance, you 
are probably currently employed as Data Processing Managers* 
Systems Managers or Systems Programmers, 
information, m-for-ma’shun, tl you'll be handling IT projects at a 
management or senior technical Level, information systems, 
you will have worked alongside more than one major supplier and 
have experience of working on large IT systems, 
iaterpacetfin-tupfirit, v.t . your responsibilities will include work fora 
wide range of clients and analysis .of their business requirements* 
interpretation, you’ll be advising on relevance , of existing 
systems to clients’ needs; or identifying risks and business 
opportunities associated with change. 

innate, in-nal\ adj . the qualities required. Good communication 
skills are vital in a job where you will be working closely with clients, 
often a t a senior manager level, where inter-personal skills are 
essential for gaining their confidence. 

initial, in-isk’l , adj . for your first few months you il be introduced to 
the standards expected from Coopers and lybrand personnel, the 
consulting process and the IT products offered by the firm. You will 
assume early responsibilities. 

invest, in-vest', v.t. we will pay you up to £30,000 plus a car. 
in situ, in si-tu, (L). you’ll be based in our Reading, Cardiff 
or Bristol Office and if appropriate we will contribute towards 
relocation expenses. 

insist, in-sist, v.t. we demand the highest standards. If you think you 
can meet them, please write, with a career resume, to Graham 
Huiiett, quoting reference number T05/25, Coopers and Lybrand 
Associates, Nelson House, Rupert Street, Bristol, BS1 2QA. Also 
please give us your daytime telephone number 

& Lybrand 


Due to expansion of our successful consultancy, 
special ising in recruitment of marketing 
executives, we now require a trainee consultant 
aged 25-33. Ideally applicants should be graduates 
with at least three years’ commercial experience, 
preferably in marketing, advertising or alhed 
fields, wbo are career minded and seeking a fresh 
challenge in a fast moving, people orientated 
environment. A competitive salary’ will be offered. 
Please write with Cv stating 
a contact telephone number 
to: MBN Marketing 

Appointments. „ 

IB Hanover Square, .4\lv -*.A 

London W1R9AJ 
A member of the MacBtain Nash 
Group of C-ompmitsL 


Central London 

£ 25 , 000 +Car 


Driver/Chauffeur for busy Central Finchley office. 
Must have own car. Win be required for pick ups, 
defivenes, taxing throughout London and maintaining 
company care. Top salary paid. 

For details and application forms can now 01-349 
3151 ask for Deborah ext 221. 

■ YOU are a graduate, probably aged between 28 and 33. offering 
at least four years management experience gained within the field 
of Exhibitions organisation. You combine personal presence and 
style with a keen appreciation of commercial reality and the desire 
to develop a business profitably. 

■ THE COMPANY is the subsidiary of a well established PLC which 
has doubled its size over the last two years and is determined to 
continue expanding at the same rate. The subsidiary is a leader in 
its field and is now set to conquer new markets. 

■ THE JOB is to give direction and leadership to the Exhibition 
Managers and their sales teams, having overall profit responsibility 
for the subsidiary's substantial turnover. This will involve skilfully 
developing your staff and maintaining the highest standards in 
every aspect of Exhibition sales and organisation. 

■ THE REWARDS include a generous salary, an executive car and 
bonus as well as the challenge of developing your career in a 
creative, dynamic and demanding environment. 

To find out more about this vacancy, send your CV to Nicolas 
Mabin, Regional Manager, quoting reference: CG0231. 

Management Personnel 

fejinlmenrSeieaion & Semen 

10 Fmsfaury Spare; London EC2A 1 A0. 
feteptaw: 01-2565041 mi at ftoias.01-8Qg2783t 






tt 1 




















j , 





















































Which direction for a 



future £multi-million 

If you are a qualified accountant or chartered finalist 
options open to you for developing your career, you must not m 

business career? 



Manage^® 1 

oar sets to 




You’re young, 

ambitious, talented - looking 
fora special career that will 
challenge you to think, and 
reward your best ideas with last 
promotion. You also know that the 
decisions you make today can 
influence your future for years to 
come, so they have to be die right 
ones. That’s why you ought to study 
.Marks & Spencer Management- 

Just look at the facts. We’re a business fast 
approaching £4bn, exporting to 30 countries, with 269 of the 
best run srores throughout the UK. We’re investing no less than 
£L6 billion in a development programme spanning a mere 
four years. And, as we enter the most exciting phase of our 
history, we’re looking for more of Britain’s most capable ‘A’ 
level school leavers to take us into the future of a last- 
expanding industry.That’s where you come in. 

You're the kind of person who wants to go a long way 
in a short time. You've the ability to go to University or 
Polytechnic but you’re impatient to progress and seek a viable 
practical alternative to degree studies - die kind of experience 
that carries as much weight as an academic qualification. You 
want responsibility. How about supervising a store section - 
turning over £1 million - after about three months of intensive 
training, managing 15 staff with 150 years' experience between 
them? You want promotion. How about becoming the 
manager of an entire store within seven or eight years, with a 
salary to march your responsibilities? And once you become 

To be held on Thursday 24 July in our London office this is an ideal 

opportunity for you to explore opportunities: 

Within the profession for newly quaiitieds, as seniors in audit, tax or 
insolvency, in the UK, Europe orfurther afield. 
Asamanagementconsultantormanagerforthose with two or more 

years post-qualification experience either within or outside the profession. 
These posts will require you to demonstrate the maturity, experience ana 
interpersonal skills required of senior professional advisers. 

With PW Clients, providing openings for qualified accountants wishing 
to develop their careers in all areas of industry and commerce. 

Amongst those attending the evening will be Barclays, Burton Group, 
Friends Provident Hill Samuel, Lloyds Bank, Morgan Guarantee, 
Reuters, Shelf and Trusthouse Forte. 

To find out more about this evening please telephone Mike Jennings on 
01-407 8989 or complete the coupon below. ^ ^ 

Price Waterhouse 

Please send me an invitation for the Careers Open Evening on 24 July 1986 
and a copy of your Career Development brochure. 

To: Mike Jenninos. NAME - — * 

To: Mike Jennings, 

Price Waterhouse, 
Southwark Towers. 

32 London Bridge Street, 
London SE1 9SY 


one of our top store managers, responsible for up to 1000 staff 
and a£100m turnover, you could command a salary of 
between £35,000 and £45,000 pa. 

It isn’t easy, however. Pace, pressure and challenge 
are the order of the day, calling for astute decision-making and 
innovative planning - not to mention a comprehensive range 
of vital man-management skills. Thar’s why our training is very 
thorough indeed. And promotion is based on merit whatever 
your educational background. 

After all, if we askyou to open a new store in 5 months 
time on a budget of £7m, we don’t want you to worry about the 
problems of training staff or making the best use of your 
floorspace. We want you to solve tiiem. And learning how will 
be considerably more than a highly rewarding challenge -it 
will be an education. 

Make your first move now T . Contact Tony Garnett, 
Management Recruitment Department, 

Marks & Spencer pic, Michael House, 57 Baker Street, 

London W1A 1DN. Ref: TL 

British Antarctic Survey 

Cambridge up to £29,084 

Marks & Spencer 


Because fhs is a business th atrevofves 
around you and your talent- not your age sex. 
social standing or job experience It requires your 
common sense your charm and altyour naked 
ambition. The business zs called YOU and the 
business you jrt;n« called direct selling. 

think you can get anywhere in this hfe without 
needing to sell yourself effectively 

Shfl with us7 Good, then you recognise 
that given the rjghl training, good products and 
services, supported by a professional corporate 
framework, you could be Considerably richer by 
this time not year purely on your own ability 
There’s no other job where the talent— 
earnings equation works out solely in your favour 
There's no other way ibamng a legacy or pools 
win) of ever brea king free horn the predictability 
ofyour present life style. But could you cope? 


and no catch. 


Could you ride a bike or ski the first time? 

Of course you need train ingThats why 
ourdients have all spent years perfecting their 
sales training courses. It's a valuable asset which 
will ensure you a future and its a sound investment 
for the companies who make up some of the top 
name in Britain. They form a boom sector in the 
economy and have been identified as the most likely 
sources of entrepreneurial talent this country has. 

Essen tiafly our clients are an elite dub of 
high performing individuals operating under a 
corporate umbrella. 

They had the courage to say "No* to a 
regular but mediocre salary. It’s an indication of 
their self confidence that they were prepared to 

invest in themselves for high returns rather than 
settle fora life sentence as a hved hand. 

That seif confidence is there in most of us. 
waiting to be developed, tuned up and given free 
rem VVaU no longer. Cali us today or tomorrow 
between 9 am and 9 pm. Just ask the operator for 
Freefone. Moxon Associates Reading or complete 
the coupon and we will send you an information 
pack by return No stamp necessary, fust address 
it; Anthony Moxon & Associates Ltd. Freepost 
ReadingRGl IBR. We wont waste any time 
because as from today, your tame means money 


Applications am Invited for ttie post of Director in succession to Dr R.M. Laws. 
CBE FRS. on his retirement in April 1987. 

The British Antarctic Survey initiates and conducts programmes of scientific 
research in Antarctica and its surrounding oceans and atmosphere - with direct 
responsibility to the Natural Environment Research Council. BA.S. maintains five 
permanent stations in the British Antarctic Territory. South Georgia and the South 
Sandwich Islands. It manages its own Antarctic logistics: controls and operates 
two ships and three aircraft in support of its field activities. Total staff number 
some 400 personnel Annual budget is around El 2 million. 

As Director; you would have responsibility for the complex in-house, multi- 
disciplinary research of BA S. and for collaborative research with universities and 
other national Antarctic organisations. A background in managing remote 
operations is needed; experience of polar regions and associated logistic 
requirements would be desirable. 

The successful candidate would be an eminent scientist with a national and 
international reputation in. preferably, one of the physical sciences. He or she will 
have the authority to provide leadership to young staff based in the Antarctic, and 
to represent the Survey in national and international committee work. 

This is a permanent post, but a five-year period of appointment may be 

The appointment is pensionable under the NERC superannuation scheme. Terms 
and conditions are similar to those in the British Civil Service and include 
assistance towards the cost of relocation where applicable. 

Application forms may be obtained from Mrs. J. Rarsell at the address given below, 
or by telephoning (0793) 40101 extn 328. Completed applications, including a full 
CV. should be sent to the Establishment Officer. Natural Environment Research 
Council. Polaris House. North Star Avenue. Swindon. Witts. SN2 1EU. not later 
than 1st August 1986. Lata applications will be accepted from overseas provided 
notification of intent to apply has been received by this date. 


Radio Northampton 



£ 9 , 916 - £ 14 , 024 ** 


Home Telephone Nc_ 
Current Ain c+ Work . 


King Edward's Hospital Fund for London 
Senior Officer 

Salary: £12,927-£16,313 plus London Weighting 
allowance £1,333 

The King s Fund is setting up a Task Force to work with Health 
Authorities to implement equal opportunities’ policies for ethnic minor- 
ity groups in the National Health Service, particularly in the field of 





CA528— £10,581* 


Radio Sussex 
Based Brighton 

£8,528- £10,581* 

To join the newsroom team working primarily on the 
preparation and production of the station's news output and 
Current affaire programmes, including news reading, 
interviewing and reporting. In addition, you may produce 
feature programmes and take part in announcing duties. 

Journalistic experience at sub-editor or reporter level is 

essentiaL (Ref. 2037/T) 

An experienced journalist to work on the early morning sport 
and general news sequence. This is offered as a 12 month 
LOiihU CL (Ref. 2049/T) 

For both postions good microphone voice and current 
driving licence essential. 

Are you a young ambitious reporter with at least three years’ 
journalistic experience? if so. Radio Sussex has a vacancy 
that may interest you. The work is primarily reporting 
interviewing, bulletin writing and newsreading. 

_ — ™ nj i lonnaitsduing. 

Good microphone voice and current driving licence 
css SS (Ref. 202' 

We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

essgnoai- (Ref. 2024/T) 

'Plus allowance of £569 p. a. "Plus allowance of £971 a*. 
Salaries currently under review 

We are seeking a person to act as a fuli-time officer to manage the project. He/she will be 
expected to have knowledge and experience in the field of equal opportunities. Practical 
experience in implementing codes of practice would be an advantage, as would a knowl- 
edge of the Health Service. Applicants must be prepared to travel and spend time out of 

Accountancy Personnel. Britain's teaefing consultancy 
in me specialist recruitment of accountants and then- 
staff. has a proven pofcy of continued expansion 
throughout the training and development of its consul- 
tants, providing unrivalled career opportunities with 

860 APPOWmente, 

The Task Force will be located at 14 Palace Court, Bayswater. 
The appointment is for three years. 

widely varied and challenging responsibilities. To join 
one of our successful professional teams, you should 

Further information and application forms can be obtained in confidence front Maureen Connelly, 
King Edward's Hospital Fund for London, 21 Palace Court, London. W2 4HS. 

one of our successful professional teams, you should 
be 21-28. self-confident educated to degree level and 
preferably have an accountancy or commercial 


c £8,000 

Applications should todude a C.V. and referees (one from a recent employer). 

iff 8 " " 8 } should he addressed Un Margaret McCarthy, Assistant Secretary Kina Edward’s 

Hospital Fond lor London. 21 Palace Court, Loudon. W2 4HS. OTTOry * 8 

date fur written applications is: 180i July 1986. 

Please contact 

Accountancy Personnel 

Bob Hicklin Sue PetBe 

49 King Street New Oxfor 

Manchester, M2 7AY 16 Wateric 
061-634 3733 Birmfirghar 

Sue Pediey 
New Oxford House 
16 Waterloo Street 
Binntagham, B2 5UG 
021-643 6201 

Investigative mind required, primarily for the 
compilation of a client mailing list Work mil 
Involve thorough and discreet research mainly 
by phone and 50% routine input onto PC. Fast 
and accurate word processing necessary, ex- 
perience of database input preferred. 

Ot . 

‘ Hei 







Uk i 

Please reply to BOX A89. 




SS? ir cLi &r Far securites corn- 
s': Salary negotiable. Graduates 
u de ?. ree -^ Econor nics or similar 
ofed “ 

: * 

.XT. - 


fc v t* i f-.v-*. v. * ar v a 

jjittiiniim >«m m immi mi im immmiii nn-m m i8dv^ 

i ; i =» i im 







THORN EMI, the largest consumer electrical company in the UK, is expanding its 
Central Research Laboratories to meet the demand for tomorrow’s products. We are 
seeking research engineers to work in our new laboratory complex which houses one 
of the world’s most innovative research establishments and is situated in the high 
technology centre of South East England 

Very attractive salaries and conditions of employment with excellent prospects for 
career development are offered to applicants who can make a significant contribution 
to research in the disciplines detailed below. Our purpose built complex provides 
excellent working conditions including superb research facilities, first class amenities 
for relaxation and an environment akin to the more progressive universities. 


Wearecurrenfyseeking experienced Research EnguieerstojoinoursmaB team 
developing 3ate<)fthe^Gyogenk: Instrument for mffitary use. Those appointed will 
be expected to contribute to the design, construction aid testing of equipment for 
operation at low temperature fa a tugged environment ‘ They wfll also analyse data and 
plan further experiments and modifications to the instruments. 

AnMSc or PhD in Low Temperature PhygfcsfEoghe ci in fl or Magnetic M eas urement is 
desirable. We would however be prepared to considerappfcantswah a first or second 
dass honoursdegree in physics, applied physksor engineering. 



almost complete but we stiU have a requirement fora 
number of 1986 graduates in various fields including 
computer and systems sciences, materials research and 
device research. 


We have for many years been in the forefront of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 
Technology. The increasfag demands ofTHORN EMI operating divisions for more 
advanced and sophisticated methods of manufacturing have made it necessary for us to 
restructure and considerably increase this research facility*. We are currently seeking a 
number of well qualified engineers with a variety of industrial experience including CAD 
integration with CAM, Engineering Databases, Interface Protocols IMAP). Computer 
Systems and Manufacturing Systems Design. The new appointees will join the 
existing well established team in the analytical evaluation of existing and future 
manufacturing requirements for the Operating Groups. They will also be involved in 
Design Studies and implementation of new man ufacturing systems and controls 
with particular emphasis on overall integration into the QM enviromenL Our 
requirements range from recently qualified graduates with some industrial exposure 
to PhD's with several years practical engineering experience 

A PROJECT MANAGER to undertake a review of management aspects of CIM, and 
to carry out analysis and general methods of implementing solutions to problems is 
alsorequired.Theperson appointed will probably have an engineering degree, will 
have undertaken business studies training and have at least two years project 
management experience. 


yd Central Research Laboratories 



For further details and an application form 
please write in confidence to the Personnel 
Departmen (.THORN EMI. Central 
Research Laboratories, FREEPOST 
Dawley Road, Hayes. Middx. (1B3 IHH.or 
telephone FREEPHONE 'Central 
Research' and ask for extension 6648 
quoting reference TT/5686. 


Our work in TV Signal Processing leading towards true High Definition TV Studies, 
improved standards and performance on TV Display Systems is well advanced. To 
accelerate this momentum we are seeking a number of well qualified electronics 
engineers who are able to make a significant contribution to our research programme. 
We would expect applicants to have at least fouryears appropriate experience. The 
research expertise to be enhanced includes the investigation of new high definition 
television systems, improved display systems, signal processing, and the study of video 
data reduction techniques. In addition to the experience required successful applicants 
will have a BSc in a relevant discipline. 


1 . Toassistin experiments involving Electroplating, Vacuum Evaporation. 
Sputtering. Photo-lithography and Etching. The person appointed will probably 
have an HNC/HND/degree, technical apprenticeship or relevant laboratoiy 

2. To assist in experiments involving Silicon Fabrication. Chemical Analysis and 
Sophisticated Semi-conductor Equipment The person appointed will probably 
have an HNC/HND, O level chemistry or relevant laboratoiy experience. 

3. As an assistant in our Manufacturing Technology Laboratory tasks will include 
procurement.'building and wiring experimental assemblies and generally assisting 

" In this rapidly expanding facility. The person appointed will probably be educated 
to ONC level, and have undertaken a craft apprenticeship in the 
eiectro/mechanical field or have appropriate laboratory experience. 

Consultancy - 

the route to 
Top Management 

Manufacturing Information Distribution/ 

Technology Logistics 

MRP/MRPIt. OPT. Com ms. OA. Strategy, computer- 

JIT.CIM.CADCAM. main fra mc/m ini/ controlled systems. 

FMS, robotics micro, manufacturing, warehousing, stock 

micro, manufacturing, warehousing, slock 
control, hi-tech 
materials handling, 

<£ 17 - 35,000 

MICA Search International Limited 

MKA House 

King Street 


Berks SL6 IEF 

We have been briefed by a range of highly 
prestigious management consultancy clients to 
help them search for the best young talent in the 

They can equip ‘fast track* men and women for 
tomorrow V* top management positions by 
broadening and deepening technical and 
interpersonal skills through a wide variety of 

The significance of management consultancy is 
reflected in Ircqucm advertisements for 
consultants in the national media, hut which ones 
should you consider? Our experience ran help 
you choose. 

Wc would like to meet high calibre, numerate 
graduates in their late 2Us or early 3ns who have 
planned and/or implemented radical changes in 
strategies and computer-based systems in either 
line or support management roles. 

Your experience will have been gained in 
recognisable blue chip companies who operate 
advanced systems and who are genuinely 
forward thinking about change. 

7b discuss your next career step, please 

Cluirv Hyskip Alan Brawn 

0905612261 office 0628 75956 

0905 354509 home 0753883288 

or send us your CVio the address below quoting 
your daytime telephone number. 

They’re rebuilding 






Salary to circa £25,000 per annum plus benefits 

Our client a well established and highly respected American Reinsurance Company are seeking to recruit a 
Deputy Underwriter for their new United Kingdom operation, based in London. 

The selected applicant should have had extensive practical experience in all areas of Facultative and Treaty 
business with company or Lloyd's syndicate in the capacity of Assistant or Deputy Underwriter. 

As this is considered to be an important appointment, the appointee should have sound work record, be well 
regarded in the London Market and have qualities appropriate to an Underwriting Room situation. 

A good salary package is envisaged for this excellent and challenging position. Age range approximately 27/3S 

Please contact in the strictest confidence: Trevor Janies FECI, Chairman 

T his is an exciting time to be working in the City. 

A revolution is taking shape and the speed of 
change increases daily as the City is'rebuilt’ for 
the new epoch. 

Computer systems are the key to success 
and naturally Admiral is involved there too. 
Working with some of the most important 
institutions in the City, we are designing and 
implementing on-line trading and settlement 
systems that will match the needs of the new 
financial markets. 

As one of the leading ILK. software houses. 
Admiral is involved in many other fields where 
the speed and integrity of computer systems are 
vital, such as energy, transportation, process 
control and defence. Systems involved include 
DEC. Tandem. IBM, ICL and Hewlett Packard. 

If you are interested in furthering your 
career in software, then you should be talking to 
us. Admiral has an impressive record of growth 
and offers individuals with ambition the chance 
to make an immediate impact. 

The people we are looking for will have a degree 

or equivalent qualification, experience of on-line 
systems and be capable of taking immediate 

Ad mi mi offers generous benefits such as a 

nun-contributory pension scheme. 

life insurance and free — — — \ 

B“ i,,of \ 

If you can \ - V * \ 

m cel t he chal tenge \ H V 

of working in a \ c ot \guUant*' erS 
young, d isciplined l e, Pr e f fts 

company, please 1 rOQU + peit — - 

telephone or write to \ 

Terry Jones at: * 

Admiral Computing Group Limited, 

15 Victoria Avenue. Caniberlev. 

Surrey GU15 3JH. j£93k 

Telephone: (0276) 682651/61167. 


tie. Caniberlev. 

) 682651/61 167. 



Lloyds Avenue House 6 Lloyds Avenue . London EC5N 5ES 

Tel: 01-481 8111 



’FERSOfO'iEL ■ ;] 



or good ‘A’ levels 

we writ wtth prestigious companies s**** 1 ^ 

and dynamic sales executives. You must be under 30 
wto at least 6 marts' ^ experience tea commercial tete- 
sales or field-sales environment Rewards include a 
Non basic salary plus commission plus car. Flret class 
trwnng and career development prospects. 

For immediate consfcteiaMn call 
or send CV to Lindsay Haggle. 


We are an International Financial Sevices 
Group {not in direct selling) - operating in five 
Countries. We are looking for a number of 

young men/women aged 27 lo 32 who are 
seeking a change in career pattern or who are 
about to leave the Services. First class educa- 
tional standards and leadership qualities 
required. Career progression is excellent for 
the right men/women and opportunities for 
overseas posting in due course. Write with full 
CV to Box No A35 The Times, Advertisement 
Department, Virginia Street, London El 9DD. 
Reference WB. 

Circa £7,000 

Lively personality with 
excellent phone manner 
required (or mis Demanding 

position worieng far a young 
successful Wins Company 


Tracing will be Given on 
Merim switch board, but 

good typing (50 wpm+) 

Please telephone Carolyn on 

636 4020 

No Agences 

Many of us are so involved with the jobs we're doing and 
the responsibilities we have that we seldom stop to wonder 
whether we are making full use of our potential 

We are working because we have to — we have 
mortgages to pay, families to support rates, gas, electricity 
and the list goes on. These are not so much excuses as 
facts of life. 

Another fact is that most of us have a nagging doubt 
that we could be doing better but we just don t know what 
to do about it 

Chusid Lander has changed all that. 

We are a group of specialist career consultants whose 
sole function is to guide executives and professional 
people and help them achieve their individual objectives. 

W6 guarantee that we will commit our time and effort 
until you are satisfied that your career objectives have 
been realised. 

R>r thirty years we have been striving for the best 
Now it's yourtum! 

Telephone us to arrange a confidential personal 
assessment without obligation, or write to 
The Administrator RefA/ 2 /i A/6/i 35/37 Fitzroy Street 
London W1P5AF - enclosing a brief career summaiy. 

LONDON 01-5806771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

BIRMINGHAM 021-64381112 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

BRISTOL 027222367 GIASGOW O41-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 


H-* &K«0-3E : 5S«t^*r® - SB-3 3rri 3 ■e«-?>«s 5= ,.s Q fl Ci 


r — f. 1 - JW^'K'r.' >•" ;‘W’f(\i*r» — '*.» C; v Jfr- 


• J ft 

£18-25,000 + Car 

If you think you know ICL 

No other company is 
committed to more direct 
investment in networking. 

No other cornpary can 
demonstrate our levels of 

No-one else can offer you the 
sane potential for sheer 
technical challenge. 

ICL is changing. 

We know our markets, we 
have the solutions to meet their 
ever increasing demands. Of 
equal hvportance, we have the 
expertise, in sales and 
marketing strategies, in product 
and service development in 
training and developing the 
people who will ensure we stay 
at the top in networking 

What's more, with I985's 
turnover in excess of £1 billion, 
pre-tax profits up by 35% and 
major successes in our key 
markets, we are confident of 
success - wortdwideL 

We're now lookrtg for 
technical sales support 

think again 

consultants to help realise our 

We won't bother you with the 
technical specyouU know if 
you meet that already. What 
we are particularly interested 
in is the ability to assess the 
customer's need and turn it into 
a long term business 

If this sounds lite you, and 
. you're looking for an 
1 envurnnenttfiatwiDfiveupto 
? its promises of genuine career 
and skr/l development you 
should be talking to us. 

In the first instance, phone 
Nick Savage or Unda 
Clayton on 0753 857144. 
Alternatively send a brief CV 
[stating current salary and a 
contact number] tn: 

ICL f UK) Ltd, 

3-7 William Street, 
Windsor, Berks. SL4 TEE. 

ICL is an equal 
opportunities em pl oy er 

We should be talking to each other. 





S.W. London: 


Are you an 80’s Graduate fading your fist job tacks 
impact? Move to Metapraxis, where you will find 
the work extremely stimulating, reqiriring creativity 
and a very high level of personal drive and 
comnritmenL We are a young and fast growing 
management consuftancy. We specialise in help- 
ing the directors of multinational companies to 
improve the presentation of financial information 
and the qualify of c o rporate c o ntro l We have 
developed the next wave of advanced manage- 
ment techniques for this task; RESOLVE, a 
computer-based financial control system, and TNE 
INTEGRATED BOARDROOM, a design capabfHy 
for Boardroom computerised infor ma tion display. 

Our current success means that we now need 
graduates to train as Financial Consultants, to deal 
with aB file aspects of the client relationship. You 
must have 2-3 years of industrial experience, 
inducfing interaction with Head Office on issues of 
capital expenditure and annual budgets; you must 
have a first or upper second degree, and you 
should be adept at the critical interpretation of 
management accounts; 

After training you can expect to be promoted to 
Project Consultant wffh a car, where you wfif 
spearhead the Implementation of our techniques in 
large client organisations. 

Please telephone Kksfie Harrison to ask lor back^ound information on Metapraxis, and if you find fiiis 
stimulating, write to our Managing Director, Robert BfUtesfon* enclosing comprehensive career details and 
explaining why your track record and personality Is of valueto us. 

Metapraxis Ud., Hanover House, 
Coombe Road, Kingston upon Thames, KT2 7AH 
01-541 1696 

O.R. Analysts 

Could you plan for tomorrows news? 

As one of the UK’s leading retailers, we don't 
just distribute the news. We make it. 

Over recent years we’ve achieved considerable 
commercial growth. Our performance levels have 
outstripped targets, we've developed into many new 
markets and we’ve succeeded within a dynamic, 
ever-changing environment. 

But success has to be planned for. 

At W.H. Smith that responsibility rests with the 
Information Services Department, where several 
superb career opportunities currently exist for 
experienced, problem-solving graduates.' 

The emphasis is upon financial appraisal: 
Budgeting and performance models, management 
accounting, project viability, systems development, 
business forecasting. 

We don’t want people to just sit behind a desk 

We want practically minded men and women, 
able to go out and tackle problems in situ. Self- 
motivated individuals who can develop the user/ 
diem contact role, who are able to appredate various 
situations al ground level and who can identify needs 
and transfer them into action. 

To be considered, you need to be a graduate in 
a numerate discipline — economics, maths, statistics, 
management sciences etc- with several years broad 
commercial experience. 

You need to be commercially creative and keen 
to develop new ideas. 

And above all, you must have the foresight to 
take theoretical models and recognise how they 
would work in practice. 

Depending upon your experience dm salary is 
in a range up to £12k. 

There is also an attractive benefits package, 
including a non-contributory pension, staff discount 
scheme and where appropriate, assistance with 
relocation to this pleasant and accessible part of 
Wiltshire. _ . 

Finally, as a career-minded individual, there 
are genuine prospects for personal development; 

To apply , please jvrite for an application form or 
send a Hftaiipd CV lot Jim Burnett. W.H. Smith & 
Son Ltd., Greenbridge Road, Swindon, Wiltshire 
SN3 3LD. Tel: Swindon (0793) 016161 ext 2325. 


$60,000 OTE 


if you have, then INTECO Corporation, 
(one of Europe's fastest growing con- 
sultancies), would fike to talk to you. 
INTECO is the market leader in Europe 
for industry analysis and comment 
based upon primary research. 

A Sales Director is required to present 
INTECO's expanded range of services 
to major U.S.. European and Japanese 
computer manufacturers and distribu- 
tors as well as the financial community. 

Based in London, tiie position offers an 
exciting opportunity to interact with 
Senior Management of the European 
Computer industry and to travel cover- 
ing our French, Italian and Spanish 
territories. ' 

The successful.applicant will have a de- 
gree, three or more years computer 
selling experience plus excellent 
presentation skills in English and 
French. Italian &/or Spanish would also 
be useful. 

Please send CK including earnings 
history to: 

Roger. R. Bames. 

Executive Vice President, Marketing. 
INTECO Corporation. 

60. The Strand, 

London WC2N SLR 


Required by Rytonds-Whhecroa Limited, a leading 
manufacturer of wire and wire products, for promotion 
io Technical of Production Management after satisfac- 
tory completion of an initial two year training period. 

Hie successful applicant will be 25/30. have 3/4 years 
experience in a Process industry, preferable steel based., 
awl win have as a minimum 2nd Class Honours in 
Metallurgy. Materials Science. Chemical or Mec h a ni c a l 
Engineering, or Physics. 

The person concerned will be a practical innovator, and 
a resourceful selfstarter, whose track record roll Qlns- 
uate a systematic approach, integrity, and the ability to 
communicate with personnel at ail levels. 

During the two year training period, which win be con- 
ducted on a prqject basis - with freedom to develop 
projects along own lines - the suitability for promotion 
must be proved. 

There will be a good starting salary 
with excellent fringe benefits 

Write in the first instance 
endosxng a full curriculum vitae, toe 

Personnel Manager 
Rylands-Wtutecross Ltd 
P.O Box; 29 
Ratteraby Lane 
Warrington WA1 2TW 



This appointment, which is concerned with advis- 
ing the two Archbishops' on the filling of the.400 
most senior positions in the Church of England, 
becomes vacant early in 1987. 

Essential qualifications are Personnel experience 
involving the selection of staff at a senior level, 
and active lay membership of the Church of En- 
gland. A knowledge of how the Church of England 
works within Dioceses would be an advantage. 

While the appointment of a younger candidate is 
not precluded, the post would suit a man (or 
woman) in his/her early fifties prepared to devote 
a period of 8 - 10 years to this task. The work is 
extremely interesting and is of great importance to 
the future of the church. R is based m London but 
involves travel to all parts of England. 

Salary is aligned to the Civil Service Assistant 
Secretary scale (current bottom point £25,095).. A 
car is provided. 

For farther d etails write by 11th July 1986 tee 

The Right Reverend Ronald Gordon, 
Bishop of Lambeth, 
Lambeth Palace, 

London SE1 7 JU 




nL fc S.lT| Mlrf g*" 8 " * ‘ "W*r ■apwaaxe-il. 

pwn ever I « «w n faMfco».V&, fWl 4 

r»w irwyrrwJsn l« vhh iWlrtikn and fiarndU ■»(. 

im*-. Brplj m confidence t» The ftmauMl Him,. BimOmi 

*alum l £y m S T H ' Uftda " 581 #HZ - 0r - 

M #• for an appfioitMn fora. 

preferably young and well connected, with 
own car. Languages useful though not es- 
sential. Monday - Friday, 10am - 6pm. For 
large International Club Organisation. 
Generous remunerations. Call Mr Morgan 
589-1939 between 10am - 6pm. 

Aopficafiorrs are invited from contractors, suit- 
ably experienced In Clean Room Design and 
Installation for inclusion in a- selected fist- of 
firms from whom tenders wffl be sought 
The works wiB consist of retrofitting a Clean 
Room facility comprising Class 10 wet area. 
Class 10 Dry Area, Class 1000 Area, work- 
shops and offices, within an existing building. 
It Is anticipated that tenders w» be Invited m 
July -1986 and .that work should commence ^ to 
August 1986. . “ ' 

The order of cost is within the bracket of 
£200.000 - £250,000 

Applications for inclusion on the select fist 
must reach the undersigned not later than 7th 
July 1986 

R.G Barker 

Clerk to the Governors 


Roya/MlIItaiyGoOege of Science 

ShrivenfWOT ■ 


expansion to ; our Dafanc*taased manage*** ae*M- 
- crest*** a ntanbar of vacancies. 

Both undergraduate and poaftF“®J5f 
teaching is involved, includin g work J™ 
Masters Degree in Defence Adnwrratration. 

Research and consultancy activities **** Bncot * aflerf ’ 
Speciatists are sought m the foflowAig areas: 

Human Resource Management 

is required. Interest in a systems - . 

industrial relations practice would be hefptuL 

'^?p^OT?foterested in industrial, managerial or pubic sector 
Economics would be preferred. 

Costing „ 

Any academic background would be considere d, biri ca non 
dates should have experience yi the techreque g. practic e and 
methods of cost estimation and analyse, inducting parametric 
cost modelling. - 

Salaries WS be on scale £14,870 - £18,625 (Senfex Lecturar) 
or £8.020 - £15.700 (Lecturer). (Currently under review). 

For fenther in for mati on and application form apphr Pwsoiunel 
Office (HQ) RMCS Shrivenham SwndonWte 5*}g SLA Td 
(0793) 782551 Ext 2403/2421. Quoting Ftef. MM 15/86. 

Closing date: 22nd July 1986 




£1 5,OBO-£25,UOO 

Helix Technology Group, established consultants to the international 
financial community is continuing its sign Scant programme of 
expansion, employing the best s$ns within the industry. 

We shall be ap poin ti ng top qua&fy coosutant* throughout 1986. 

We require: 

*A good degree 

* First class experience m D.P. 

‘High level of commitment 

* Ability to absorb a nd apply new 

"An accountancy, banking,' 
financial trading or systems 
consultancy background 

We often 

"Rapid career advancement and 

satery progression 

* Effective skrtts training 

* Extensive travel opportunities 
" Stimulating work environment 

* MuhShdisciptirmry project 
experience within the finance 
sector 1 — ' 

If you are confident that you meet oar bigh siandarcls 
then in the first instance send a full CV- to: The . 
Recruitment Director. Helix Technology Group, 

11 Ludgate Circus, London EC4M 7LQ. 

C. £23,000 

SIEGER LEHitjsD is world leader in xodratnai gas t 
tion and an autonomous subsidiary of a Swiss electa 
group- Hie Company enjoys high grewth, resulting from 
vation and product quality. 


Owing to promotion of the current job-holder, a General Man- 
ager is sought for UK Sales and Service, which operates from 
the East Midlands. 

The General Manager is responsible for the effective manage- ; 
ment of the sales and service team, supplying gas detectors 
and process analysers to the primary energy producers, prin- 
cess industries, utilities and general industry, often through 
conauhang engineers and systems suppliers. • 

Growth in market share and profitability^ together with peo- 
ple development, will be the main performance indicators. - 

The ideal candidate will foe educated to degree level in an 
appropriate scientific discipline and be able to demonstrate 

GLUnda ntUjB06+ 
Iras a an excellent opportu- 
nity to C D n soM alB 

financial accounting- 

wtl»i a major firm at sofc- 
fcws. RespoosURies induda 
flranraJ accounts. 

Field Officer- 
Self Employed 

South & Central Midlands 

Country Landowners' Association 

H 1 ? PA * a W4 wfebWied organisation which 
JpwjnteteBewmw* of run land h Erntndmd Wales. 

X” wB L 1 *t 0Tlt **»lho RagtarW Sacratey antf 


WeO over 9096 of oar efiesi 
in Senior and Middle 
Management achieve job 
.Rank success thro u gh the 

ifRadratued job lnarto 

To God os hoar anr ca reer 
development and C.V. 
Stevges c an msxi mto year 
«Jwrpro*rM*k», contact 
w no# for an exploratory 
meeting - at no cosr « oHi- 
8 «Ibi- or. send us yoor CY- 

Yaor More canid depend 

Career Arhilsor y Swv tes s LM 
6 Qoeea SmtMayWr 
. ;j l^nfea WiKJVB 
■ TefcftMtoZffM 




URSDAY JUNE 26 1986 



C. f 23.030 

r- inr iiThTTht 


- Orax the past twenty years, Transamarica Instruments have 
esta b l i shed a world-wide reputation for high quality 
transducers and associated electronic instrumentation, 
lb satisfy the current and increasing forecast demand for 
the range of products manufactured at Basingstoke, 

. applications are invited for the following positions:- 

M anufa cturing Manager 

Qrca £21K plus car 

Reporting to the Managing Director, the Manufacturing 
Man ager will have total responsibility for the company's ■ 
production activities. As a member of the middle 
m a n agement group, the successful applicant will poyywsw a 
degr ee or equivalent qualification and be required to . 
exhibit the p erso nality and drive necessary to maVw & 
significant contribution towards the Company operation. 

A working knowledge of A, HE., would be advantageous 
and previous experience in small batch production of high 
precision electro mechanical instruments with a substantial 
electronic content, is essential 

Ma n ufacturing Engineer 

(Mechanical) Circa £13K 

lb sustain increased technical, support to the production 
departments, a qualified Engineer with a mmwnnm of three 
years' practical experience, is required within 
Ma n ufacturing Engineering. 

The successful candidate will need to have an aptitude for 
s olvin g practical problems associated with modern 
ins trume ntation, process and circuit technologies. In 
addition to monitoring manufacturing methods, he/sbe will 
alsobe involved with the release of jnew products info 

Both positions enjoy the usual benefits normally associated 
with a stable multinational company. These include 25 days 
annual holiday, private medical scheme, contributory 
pension scheme with free life assurance and possible 
assistance - with relocation expenses. 

Applicants should write, giving full career details in flie first 
instance to: 

M. J. Barnett, Personnel Manager; Transamexica Instruments 
Limited, Lennox Road, Basingstoke, Bants. RG22 4AW. 


lnsurance& Investment 

We are market leaden in providing financial sendees to teachers — and to 
other professional groups. 

While we usually promote from within, our present expansion 
programme means we mus take cm a somber of additional Sales 

We also need additional safes people in most pans of the country. 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for experienced 
insurance salespeople who want to use their leadership qualities to mntivaie 
small groups of Art* Representatives. 

• After three months accelerated inductioo as an Area Representative, wc 
will promote successful newcomers to Area Manager posxuoos- 
The rewards . are attractive personal commission earnings, owxidiog 
rnmim«inn m flwa Sales, bonus n pprrmi rimes and other benefits. 

Target earnings are around £20,000 pa. initially, with no upper limits. 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for cmtnaiasric hard- 
working people who want to enter or develop a successful career in 
in surance sales. 

Our careful selection procedure indudes “oo-the-tob" experience for 
new entrants to sales or insurance - without commi t m ent. Our training 
ensures effective results quickly, and regular support is based on individual 

The rewards are a guaranteed personal territory, amacrive commission 
earnings, boons opportunities and other benefits. 

Minimum earing; will be £1 5,000 pus, with no upper Emits. 

For all these posmous, yon will be between 25 and 50, have a stable career 
background and possess a current full driving license. 

Write orphone Paul Coombs, Teachers’ Assurance^ 12 Christchurch 
Road, Bo urn emouth BH1 3LW. Teh Bournemouth (0202) 291 111 for a 
sales career guide and application form. 



To Cover Maternity Leave 

A well established firm of City Solicitors seeks a personnel professional to 
provide cover for a minimum of eight months commencing in Angina. 

The successful applicant win have sole responsibility farthesdection and 
recruitment of all non-lega] administrative and secretarial staff and general 
staff welfare. Applications axe invited from candidates with extensive per- 
sonnel experience and proven managerial qualities. Age 30+. 

Please apply with full c.v. and a daytime contact telephone number by 4th 
July 1986 to 

18 Eldon; Street, London, EC2M 7LA 





SAVILLS are opening a new residential sales 
office in this exciting and fast. moving area. 

We require an enthusiastic and hard worki ng 
negotiator - cxpcriencehelpfal but not essen- 
tial . 

Please apply to Dominic Grace . 

. 1® Soane Street LonckmSWlX9AY 


Career Crisis? 


15 24Vf&Jobfmbf.cara 
25-34 VTC-AdwxaMni. nn, ion 
35-Mm UCkwIltdmiHev 

lummu laHT wi rfu af w 


executive fiction e..;: . . 

3ZQtear Amw StreeLtatKfaMtWlMSfBTetex- 295693 



2 people required far not- 
tor U.K Company. The 
applicants 2b* 
honest. intelligent., of 
smut appearance and be 
preMred to undergo vigor- 
ous '(raining. leading to 
pmfwtoral qncmneaUona 
after sms years. 

CaU Otyn Moss ' - 
• 01^29'6fil4 

Apex Recruitment Services Ltd 

52/54B Regent Street 25 Horeefair 

Leamington Spa Banbury 

Warwicks Oxon 

Tat L’Spa 24154 Tel: Banbury 55225 



Private manufacturing company are 
seeking to recruit person experienced 
in maintaining statutory- management 
accounts. Controlling budgetary and 
cash flow planning and able to estab- 
lish a standard costing system. 
Industrial experience essential- Pos- 
sibility of Financial Director position. 
Contact Banbury Office. 


COVER U.K. c£15-16k PACKAGE 

Our clients, A Leamington based com- 
pany engaged in the sales and 
distribution of linear measuring equip- 
ment seek an experienced "hands 
on" achiever to assist in an exciting 
period of expansion and who will ap- 
preciate the challenge, opportunities 
and extensive range of benefits asso- 
ciated with this appointment 
Increasing involvement in company 
P9licy leading eventually to 

Contact Leamington Office. 



(£10,500 + CAR 

Part of large profitable group, our cli- 
ents now seek to appoint an 
experienced sales engineer with solid 
background in motor control centres, 
to cover the U.K. Preferably HND/HNC 
but experience and ability to make im- 
mediate impact is of pririie importance. 

1 n 1 ; 1 1 H H ■ ■ 1 

A direct line 

O AV/Z'i 

InterExec is the organisation special- 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExec’s qualified specialist staffs 
and access to over 100 unadveitised 

vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a annually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ® 01-930 5041/8 

19 Cbsring Gw* Brad, WC2. 

Birmingham 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda, New Sbhs. 

Bristol 0272 277315 

30 Bsttrin Sam. . 

Edinburgh $ 031-226 5680 

47s George Sam - 

Leeds ® 0532 450243 

12 Su PjuTs Sam 

Manchester @ 061-236 8409 

FhuSmer Home, Faulkner Street. 


The one who stands out 



The Civic TVust seeks a Director- 
Designate, to succeed the present 
Director on his forthcoming retirement 
The Trust is a registered charity, nowin its 
30th year, which works to raise environ- 
mental standards o vet a wide field- The 
Director is responsible to the Trustees, 
within agreed policy; for the formulation 
and execution oftheTmst’sactfvltles, and 
for the financial controLof its affairs. 
Applicants must have a balanced under- 
standing of environmental issues — 
legislation, planning, architecture and 
environmental design; a flair for com* 
munication;and the experience whichwill 
command confidsnceatthe highest level. 
He or she musthave the ability to enthuse 
a team of about 18. Above all. we seek 
someone of exceptional drive and 
commitment, In whom administrative 
ability fcmatehed by vision and creativity. 


2ia July tins muted *M*# A CwVWwwW to Th* 
Chatmui CMeDuat 17 Cwten Houas.tenee, London 
SWre5AWtmnwt w m*uB hu dUitem«yh*hadoniwy»at 



35 INJew Broad Street, London EC22IV1 1 NH 
Tel: Q1-588 35SB orOI-588 3576 
Telex f\lo. 887374 Fax INlo. 01-356 SSOI 

Open to a prime mover- opportunity to become Managing Director n 12-18 months - 

scope lor equity participation after 2 years. 



S.E. ENGLAND £25,000-£30,000 


Applications are invited from cancSdates. aged 32-45, who have acquired a! least 8 years practical production experience in an 
organisation utilizing modem production method at least 5 years must have been in a genera) management capacity. 
ResponsiblHtesvva cover the company's overafl profitebltywfth priority on increasing production oulput. tightening material usage 
and control and farther increase in market share. Initial aataiy negotiable, £25,000- 00.000 + car, contributory pension, fife 
assurance, free heaBi scheme, assistance with removal expenses tf necessary. Applications m strict confidence under reference 
GMEP4428/TT, to the Managing Director. 

VLB. A further simflar position exists in another subskfiary within Ihe Group callng for a greater emphasis on sales and marketing at 
general manager level. Applications in strict confidence under reference GMSM 4428/TT, to the Managing Director: CJ.A. 

Scope to build on existing business with prospects of considerably increased earnings. 


HOME COUNTIES - NORTH £1 6,000-£20,000 



This appointment caBs for candidates; aged 30-45, with at least 4 years practical industrial sales mangement experience, preferably 
m the electrical or mechanical services field. An engineering background will be a distinct advantage. The successful canddate wlU 
be responsible to the Headquarters company for the direct promotion of sales to specifiers, contractors and end users and for the 
control and motivation of a tfistributor network m the LUCand Ireland plus re-export markets. Considerable travel is involved. Initial 
remuneration negotiable, £16.000 -£20,000 by way of salary and incentive scheme, car, contrtxjtory pension, life assurance, 
assistance with removal expenses it necessary. Applications in strict confidence under reference NSE4430nT. to the Managing 
Director CJA. 

Exceifent opportunity for ambitioin youig {paduate wifa stem previo^ relevant experience- however new graefuates with 

potential m*D be considered. 




LONDON £7 I 500-£9,500 


We invite applications from numerate Economics graduates or equivalent, age 21-25, to join a small department responsible for the 
preparation of the company's control budgets and plans, appraisal of results and management reporting, project evaluation and other 
specialist projects and investigations. Initial salary negotiable in the range C7.500-E9.500 depending on qualifications and 
experience, plus the normal benefits expected of an international oil company. Applications in strict confidence under reference 
YG1 7957/TT wifl be forwarded unopened to our client unless you list companies to which they should not be sent in a covering letter 
marked for the attention of the Security Manager CJJtA 

35 BROAD SUET, IDHOi EC2M URL TB&HQNE: 01-588 3588 or 01-588 3575. THEfc 887374. BIX: 01-256 8501. 



Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street. 
London WIN 5TB. TeL 01-631 4411. 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool L2 6RE 
Tel- 051-236 1724. * * . ' 

& Principal 

excellent package 

Reading, Berks 

Computer Special Systems (CSS) tea division 
of DEC providing taffor made solutions to meet 

specialist needs 

An extensive organisation in its own right, 
CS5 makes a highly valuable contribution fo 
This unique engineering organisation 
consists of small project teams ofHaidware 
and Software engineers. often wadring to 
competitive timescale s , in an environment 
offering an enormous variety of demanding 
and challenging work. 

This is your opportunity to work in one of 
the following positions. 


for the control of projects' technical aspects, 
cost and time, you'll need 2 years-E experience 
in project management in a design electronics/ 
computer envircmmenLTluscaSforan 
entrepreneurial flair and a positive attitude to 
risk management. 


To provide technical direction. We re 
sped&aBy looking for people with 8 years+ 

experience m one or more of the following 

4 System configurations using DEC hardware 
and software 

* Dej^ of electronic equipment to meet 
harsh and mifitary environmental 

* Preparation of technical proposals 

The technical challenge ana opportunities 
for p ersonal and career development within 
CSS are first -class. In addition. youH enjoy a 

inducting a company car far senior positions 
plus assistance with relocation when 

Please write with full cv. now to 
Suzanne Ingmaa Digital Equipment Co 

Limited. Digital Rark, Irnperfel Way. Reading. 

Berks RG20TP Ref : HHR^ 

Equality o I opportunity at DEC. 



c£ 10,500 (under review) 

To manage tha recaption and switchboard asniicas at our 
busy London W! headqusnars. You wE supervise a smafl 
team who provide house services and conference faefttias 
during the day and early evening. You w9 also have a wider 
management rote in the absence of your own manager. Visi- 
tors to the RCN Include nor only members and students but 
paniopants to semi na rs and conferences and you would be 
expected to propose and develop appropriate security and 
access control procedures. 

You should have prom management end org an i sa tion skflta 
with the sbttty to motivate staff. In addtion you should have 
an expert knowledge of BT*a Monarch system and have a 
mezure. confident and pleasant manner. 

Job derails and an ap pli catio n form era avaOable from the 
Personnel Officer. Royal CoBege of Nursing. JS> Cavencfish 
Square. London. W1MOAB. Tel 01-409 3333 Ext 343. Clos- 
ing date for return of app li c atio ns is S JJy 1986. 

Read the job description end V you wish to d is c u ss the Job 
In f orm a lly contact Mr JPWppa. Pro p ert y ft Sanric— Manager. 
E« 209. 

The RCN actively tSscourtigei smoking in id its premises. 



AS avenues for acta to t* aradarad. Top commission rates 
paid rnonWyon ortiere accepted. Prawous experience in fash- 
ion business preferred. Prato&ad bunch dale in.UK August 
1988 . ai arses accept souh-wan England, Channel Unde, 
South Wales. Scotland and Northern 
Please send. c.v, Reply to BOX J28. 



Derritron Electronics, a division of Derritron Group Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary 
of Armstrong Equipment pic. has an established worldwide reputation for the 
design and manufacture of vibration test systems, instrumentation and computer 
based ^g^rocessors and controllers primarily in the aerospace, defence and 

A raw rarwe of vibration test systems and irncro-arocessor based controllers is 

A new range of vibration test systems and mkro-processor based controllers is 
scheduled for release and we are seeking sales personnel capable of exploiting 
these technological advances either within the European Market or the South West 
territory of the UK. 

testing is highly desirable together with some experience of selling re ntal goods 
to discriminating customers. 

A competitive salary with company car Is envisaged together wftti the benefits 
associated with membership of a large Group. 

It is expected that the encumbent of the Europea; post will reside within 
commuting distance of our Hastings base whilst candidates for the UK post could 
reside in the Hastings area or preferably in the West Country operating from a 
home base. Where appropriate assistance in relocation will be available. 
Applications in the form of a C.V. indicating currant satey and ref. __ 

E/6 for Europe and H/6 for UK posts to: 



Seddfescombe Road North IMHHV 

ra lungs MiKVIVf 

East Susan TN34 1XB Wmm 

dstj “'ad r f\ ffti(JBi,Btiai!?0 9n < ~i~i 


High profile role for creative all rounder capable of making a 
significant impact in a fast changing environment 




In the run up to and particularly after ‘big bang' ths City is, and will be, one of 
the most challenging places to be. The Stock Exchange is at the heart of this 
rapid evolution. 

Reporting directly to the Personnel Manager you will be a key member of a 
highly active devolved personnel team. You will provide a direct service to 
senior line managers across a complete range of personnel activities 
including the recruitment and development of professional, managerial, 
administrative and technical staff. 

A graduate, 1PM qualified and in your late twenties you will have at least 5 
years generalist personnel experience in a demanding professional 
environment where personal cred ability has been a vital factor in your 

You will be capable of making sound, reasoned judgements on complex 
personnel issues and have the ability to positively and constructively influence 
line managers in the promotion of good management practice. You should 
have an analytical mind, a high degree of self-motivation and enjoy working 

Salary is negotiable and benefits include non-contributory pension, 8UPA 
and free travel. 

Please reply with a full CV to: Jennifer Gregson, Personnel Manager, 

The Stock Exchange, Old Broad Street, London EC2N 1HP. 

Tel: 01-588 2355 ext 28123. 

1 J h 


c. £17,500 


An energetic, mature, personable and qualified ACA or ACCA is 
sought for this large and fast moving Housing Association, which has 
assets worth £200 million, over 5,000 homes and one of the largest 
development programmes in London. One of a team of three manag- 
ers reporting to the Finance Director, the Chief Accountant will be 
responsible for all key aspects of accounting, statutory reporting, 
budgetary control and treasury management within the Association 
and will manage a team of five staff. 

The successful applicant may currently be working in the profession 
or have gained two or more years experience outside it, not neces- 
sarily with a Housing Association. The ability to interpret the 
accounting implications of new activities and to develop systems and 
procedures to monitor them is essential, as are staff management 
skills, and experience of computerisation would be ah advantage. The 
Association runs an IBM 34 and numerous microcomputers and has a 
vigorous program of software development. 

Applications are welcome from any person, regardless of sex, sexual 
orientation, disability or ethnic origins, as part of PCHA's equal 
opportunities policy. Interested persons should write to: John 
Poynton, BSc FCA M1MC, Finance Director, Paddington Churches 
Housing Association Limited, Electricity House, 296 Willesden Lane, 
LONDON NW2 5HR., or telephone him or his secretary, 
Carol Delaney, on 01-459 8622 for an application form or 
further information. 


Sslnttaa Sales OTE £35K + car 

A major American mini/mainframe manu- 
facturer with training schemes & promotional 
prospects second to none, is eager to 
engage top flight Solution sales types. 
Successful candidates will have Distribution 
or Manufacturing industry experience as weB 
as Boardroom ‘presence’ and enjoy Blue 
Chip company benefits. Positions exist in 

Micro Sales OTE £30K + car 

This Systems House, well known in the UNIX 
market place, requires 3 young micro 
territory sales people who wish to be trained 
into a multi-user environment where unit 
sales are of higher value. SALES SUPPORT 
people (salaries £10K to £15 K) are also 
urgently required with UNIX, BOS or 
networking abilities. 

Support Consultants £16K + car r 

You are under 34, intelligent enthusiastic) 
and able to communicate. You also have* 
Decision Support or Financial Application 
experience m a 4tfi Generation Language' 
environment and wish to work for a major* 
fT software manufacturer in LONDON of* 
international repute. Your career will then I 
progress you into quota Sales or Senior’ 

Sales Manager E26K/0TE £60K 

You are a successful Managerial Sales 
type with computer services/facffities 
management/IBM Mainframe experience 
under your belt You now wish to join a 
sound progressive profitable Company in 
N.W. London & lead a large team of sales 
people covering the U.K. Wise Move. 

. ■ 



The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar Haas*. Gmwlle Mace, London, NW7 3SA 
Telephone: 01-959 1198/3611 (958 3131 evenings) 

MchaeJ Popper k 
QvaXrau shone 
120 o&ief sales 
& support vacancies 

Group Head 

International Real Estate Investment 

Innovative banking is the 
hallmark of Citibank, one of the 
world’s largest and most successful 
banking groups. Our Private Bank, 
currently seeks a Group Headfor 
Real Estate Services, to be based in 
London, but responsible for advising 
high net worth personal customers on 
investments across Europe, the 
Middle East and Africa. 

Leading a team of 

professionals, with expert knowledge 
of individual countries, you wiQ need a 
commanding background in real 
estate - including experience in the 

Middle East 

Man-management ability and 
thepersonal skills to deal with both 
cfients and senior bankpersoimel win 
be essential if you are to establish 
your authority and encourage fhe 

development of this area of the bank’s 
activities. Previous experience in 
banking environment would be 

Candidates with a relevant 
background and record of 
achievement can expect to negotiate 
a highly attractive salary package, 
with fuE banking benefits inducting 
low cost loan andmartgage facility, 
non-contributory pension scheme, 
free life assurance and BUPA. 

lb be considered, please wzfie 
in the first instance with M c.v. to 
DerekProud, Personnel Office!; 
Citibank, 336 The Strand, London WC2. 




Applications. are invited for two posts at 
the ICE in the field of national 
constructon planning. The work covers 
research, collection and presentation of 
materail relating to water, transport, en- 
ergy, industrial development and urban 
sectors. The successful applicants should 
be aged between 25 - 30 and have a First 
of Second Class Honours Degree in a 
science related subject Preference will be 
given to Engineering or Economics. Pre- 
vious experience in construction 
planning is preferable whereas the ability, 
to write concise reports is essentiaL Sal- 
ary circa £10-£12,000. 
Applicants should submit a fall CV to: 

Mrs D -E- Smith 
Head of General Services 
1-7 Great George Street 
London SW1P3AA. 



Manufacturing and Distribution 
Information Systems and Technology 
Finance and Accountancy 
Human Resources and Training 

Opportunities exist within a number of management consultancy organBatioa^for 
professionals in the above sectors to expand their experience by undertaking project 
based assignments. You should ideally be aged 28+, preferably a graduate, and with 
professional qualifications if appropriate. You are now seeing to develop your 
career by applying your intellectual and conmwmcatiQns skills with a 
Consultancy. If you thrive on providing solutions instead of creating problems, and 
zf you prefer to lead rather than follow, then consultancy should prove to be the 
challen ge you are seeking. 

For further information please write, in confidence, to Martyn Clarke, M a na g e r, or 
telephone for a personal history form. 

2 Swallow Place, London Wt R 7M 
Telephone 01 408 1694 



AppHcants should be educated to 
HND/Degree level in science of related 
subject and will be involved in the prepa- 
ration of sample - and analysis of a wide 
range of raw materials and products, in- 
cluding metals, alloys, chemicals and 
refractory materials. 

The Company offers an attractive salary 
plus shift allowance, pension scheme, life 
assurance and excellent career prospects. 

Written applications, giving full details of 
career to date, to: 

The Personnel Manager, 

London & Scandinavian 
Metallurgical Co. Limited 
Ful lerto n Road, 

S60 1DL 

Tel: 0709 371101 


Company Secretary 

£12,000- £14,000 

Central London 

M Attractive benefits 
M Including mortgage subsidy 
M Good prospects 

The Prudential Group as one of the largest financial 
institutions in the country includes a large number of 
subsidiary companies, which, in addition to insurance 
business, specialise in a wide and expanding range of 
financial services and other activities. 

A need has arisen to strengthen the professional team in the 
company secretary's department and we are looking for 
someone in their mid to late twenties, preferably qualified, 
who can show us a background of relevant-experience. 
There is good opportunity for career development within the 
Group. Initially the salary is negotiable depending on 
qualifications and experience and in addition a range of 
benefits are offered which include low interest mortgage, 
non-contributory pension scheme, flexible working hours 
and sports and recreational facilities. 

Please write enclosing hill cvto: Eileen Brown, Personnel 
Officer, The Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd.,142Holbom Bars, 
London EC1N2NHorteiephoneherforan application form 
on 01-336 0125. 



The British Heart Foundation 

require an experienced fund raiser to organise events in 
Greater London fron an office in Leytonstone Ell starting in 

The successful applicant will be aged 40 plus with an out- 

AppGcatfans with fufl C.V. marked toonfidentiaf to foe Sec- 
retary, British Heart Foundation, 102 Gloucester Place, 
London W1H 4DH 

• ••oi Graphics & Print 

A potential tnavpreneur • pnibjUy graduate in butaefl, fay, pMeuptyorSdenee. 

record /nsote. but openerjced in rtewjderaspccn^'oTariceCuTOfHf 
ammunraDcns; interested in production & finance. 


Opportunity to etfihn fyfi perserMf potential 
£>4.000t. M g» ftamt profit there and etnfr Dtoaarshp. 
aAq .... Recent Graduate 

Numerate, woeutae. f«nx»co/ ood sdf mocnodng reqaimj far on-the-job trtwing to frJkrM 
where mto roorkewscr otter mcnapmern, PerfbmvtKe Manat snkiry £7J200 - £70.000 
acautfng os ptafi ts. 

Pfa ttio wr i t e wsftft CV. co Ux Padmort, CHnaor, 

-ffafmfasttr Ltd. 3 Sbrpbtrd Market, Mayfair, London KW-7HL 

Tim IPG Column 

Young Commercial Director 

& Home Counttes c£20K-f car 

World market leaders in High Tech. To assume respcmsbSty for the 
complete finance function. TWs win involve aB aspects of manuaawing. 
sales and cBstrtoution on a world wide basts. Ato to assume 
responsibility for sales a t iininistr a ti otL Age 28-35. Broad relevant 
industrial experience plus ICMA/ACA or equivalent Ref A433 

Sales & Marketing Managers 

Entertainment/Leisure c£20K + car 

Backed by a considerable number of leading btowhip wgmsabons. 
the fast-growing home entertainment market ptoce offers a number of 
unique opportunities at various UK locations. ’Hands-on' roles, 
responstoaiies are for training, motivating, and contro lli ng teams of 
Sales Executives ft the field. 

Aged C 25-35 ytxj must haw a successful tiack record in direct sales/ 
management to the domestic market place. Your pa rt icut a r product/ 
service is secondary to your enthusiasm, positive attitude and 
motivation. Naturally, you am capable of working-long and had -these 
are not 9-6 jobs. Ref JG/920 

Production Director 

Home Counties £18-22K + car 

Sophisticated, hightoch design and manufactoring company in Home 

Counties seeks a young, wari-qualified Productim Director. Age28<8. 
Experience of small batch, high value production to light timescales 
essential plus engineering degree. Experience of appfccaton of 

who wiB provide a service to d i screet areas of banking and 
sytfems staff. The assignments cover recruitment, employee relations, 
career development ana manpower pteraw^andvriR identify salary and 
framing needs. 

Ideally mid 20's and a graduate, you wS have processed r^xdfy and 
have approx, two years Personnel experience, ftcfcxfina recruitinentin a 
fast movira environment Your communication sktisvm be outstarxfing 
and you wffl have the presence and ability to rntfoence dynamic and 
deraanefing staff at all levels. 

Careers in Sales & Marketing 

London/Home Counties £8-10,000 +car 

Wb have a few superb opportunities for personable females and males, 
aged 2232 in London/Home Counties. Some sales experience 
advantageous, but provided you have strong personal attrfoutes 
inducting integrity, enthusiasm and a committed desire to succeed we 
wish to hear from you. Ref JG/921 

Please phone on 01 -6313780, or write quoting Ref Ka. 

IPG Technical 
Recruitment Ltd. 

26-28 Gt Portland SU London W1N5AD. 01 -631 3780 <24 hrs) 

Pro fessi onals in Se l ecti on & S e a r ch 

Lmef executive 


The District includes the city of Truro and the 
town of Falmouth, and has a population of 
about 78,000, budgets totalling some £21.5m, 
[ and over 500 employees. 

• the role will embrace the general manage- 
j ment of all Council activities, with emphasis on 
strategy development concerning economic and 
social needs, forward planning, and the delivery 
j of services that will be seen widely as being 
good value for money. 

- THE requirement is for a management 
record of achievement and experience, prefer- 
ably in local government. 

- SALARY is negotiable to iS&GOO-phfc 

i allowance. . . 

■ /' . . ■ 

Write in complete! confidence to A. Longland, 
as adviser to die Council, at Tyzack & Partners 
| Ltd.,. 8-10 Hallam Street, London WIN 6DJ. 

MALI. ESTATE mb- bum*.. 


nmugiin aaom- tw. 

FWcrwpTt Caul. 1 jwmnlsalon. writ. 

ead o 




■ >EN evenihg 


■ "y-^s; :* 

■ • >a-. ft -■* 

. - 

Ei i 

• V>^ V- 


P - , 

*• »i 


retie Survey 

1 1~ f.29 GS4 

je ”• 



LONDON £15,000 - £30,000 package 

IT World is a successful professional team undertaking a variety of innovative assign- 
ments for public and private sector efients. Due to continued growth we are recruiting 
senior and Junior consultants in the following specialist areas;- 

• rr and Communications 

• IT and Dstatese/lnformafion Systems 

• rr and Manufacturfaig Control Systems (CUM-CAPM-JIT-CAM-CAD) 

• IT and Small Business Systems 
. • IT and Training 

You should match the following requirements:- 

• Late 20s - Late 30s 

• Proven experience in at least one of foe areas oatfined above 

• Analytical as well as practical approach to problem solving 

• Degree and/or- Professional QuaRfication in relevant rfiscipiine 

• Want to be part of a muttkfisdpfinary team of high fliers 

We offer a challenging environment, foe scope to develop your own ideas am! we 
.reward competence. ■ 

Please send your CV to Dick Butler, IT World UtL, Asphalts House, 
Palace Street, LONDON SW1E 5HS. 


Outstanding opportunities, 
outstanding location. 

If you are a bright and ambitious young solicitor either recently 
qualified' or just finishing broadly based articles, we have opportunities 
for you to develop your potential in commercial property work. 

One of the largest firms in the South West; Bond Pearce can provide 
you with the type of environment you need - either at our new and 
growing office in Exeter or in Plymouth, both among the most attractive 
locations in the country. 1 

Enthusiasm and- hard work will he rewarded by a good salary and 
excellent prospects. 

If yoifd like to have an informal discussion on what Bond Pearce has 
to offei; ring John Price on 0752 266633 or write to him at 1 The Crescent; 

Plymouth, PLl 3AE to arrange a K/'‘YVTr\ TYT7 A DPD 
meeting in London, Exeter or DUINU rCAKLC 

Plymouth. Solicitors 

Head of External Relations 

□ Are you articulate and quick on 
your feet? □ Can you write well? 

□ Are you familiar with industrial 
affairs, especially in the food 
industry? □ Do you know how the 
media work? D Can you work with 
top company executives? 

- r are iiKyour thirties; . " 

- If you want a challenge; ' . 

If you can make instant 


If you can argue persuasively; 

If you can live with heavy 

If you can do this in 
theface of a"U adversity - 
then you’re our 

Food ar 


The Food and Drink Federation 
requires a Head of External 
Relations to take over from August 
when our present man leaves. The 
main responsibilities are acting as 
press spokesman, managing the 
press office, and sujjervising major 
PR agency accounts. Central 
London. Good salaryanch 

Please write, enclosing a C.V. 
and giving details of your 
experience, to the Director-General, 
Food and Drink Federation, . 

6 Catherine Street, 
London WC2B5JJ. 
Mark the'envelope 




Heidrick & Struggles is a leading 
international executive search 
consultancy. Continuing rapid 
growth demands the appointment 
of a lively, intelligent, commercially 
aware trainee consultant. He/she 
must be a self-starter, willing to 
take early responsibility and able 
to enjoy the’ pressures of a fast 
moving, demanding work environ- 
ment. Preferred age 25/30; 
graduate, calibre. 

Please write with full details to 
Lucinda Parker, at Heidrick & 
Struggles, 25-28 Old Burlington 
Street, London W1X 2BD. 


If yoor career if at a dead end and yoo are considering a 
change of c&mtion llm could be die opportunity yoo.m 

Opportunities exist for self assured people jith ability and 
■ — 2— hi to mu for a career within ibe Imaraw 


Excitine opportunities for persona! success and career devd- 
opment ate linked with excdleni Bunins and The prospect or 
a very h&i income. - 1 

Without ob&fzuoa. find out about our. direction 



Please Phone 

Knt& Pont dm 

01-734 5660 



£9K Basic E14K OTE-No Ceiling on Incomes. 
Pagereed Ltd., the UK’s fastest growing suppli- 
ers of computer-consumables and accessories 
with offices in London, Manchester and Glas- 
gow, is expanding its sales force. Based in 
London you will be selling a Wide range of 
products inducting severe! quality 

Experience of setting and the computer Indus- 
try desirable but not essential as training wfll be 
given. If you are self motivated and want to 
succeed within a growth environment reply in 
writing or telephone 

Vince Summers 
Managing Director 

111-113 Forfis Green 
London N2 9HR 
01-883 6421 




(160 wpm plus) 

required for appointment in October, with a 
sound knowledge of English and a wide 
general knowledge. Salary £11,924 to 
£13,706. (under review) inclusive plus late 
duty payments currently approx. £1,600. 
Civil Service conditions, pensionable, 
generous leave (paitiamentary recesses). 

Apply in w r itin g giving foil CV to: 

Editor of Debates, House of Lords, 
Westminster, SW1A OPW 


Solicitors with 6 Offices in West London need 
a young P&sonnd Manager to spearfaead our 
future development. Urn is an exciting and 
unique opp ort u nity for a- talented individual. 
Excellent salary + car. Please send CV m confi- 
dence tor . . ■ -1 ' .- 

S Samuels, ■ : , . . . , - - 

• Link House, 

. 1200 Uxbridge Rd, , 


. ... Middlesex, : 'r 


to £20,000 

Uadhg efty firm seeks 
pensions administrator 
experienced in handing 
afl legal documentation. 
Age hnoiateriai; fid or 
’part time. 

Please reply, with fufi 
career history to: 

. . Law Placemans 
(Ref SIR)' 

- Lodgate Haase, 
167-111, Heel Street 
London €C4 2AB 
01-3535498 (24 tens) 



An exciting oppor- 
tunity exists to 
individuals (22+) 
who have a profes- 
sional ’ attitude 
towards developing 
their future career. 
This is an opportu- 
nity to earn m 

excess of £20.000 
p a. and shares in a 
nationwide group. 

Please call 
Mr Wood 
01-439 8431 

Business Orientated 


to assess 
Quality of Markets 
£ 14 , 000 — £ 16,000 

Tte Stock Exchange, which is at foe heart of foe City's 
rapid evolution, is preparing for 'big bang* in a number of 
ways. One of wttich is to develop our capacity to assess 
the quafity of our markets. This involves highlighting 
areas of strong performance and identifying areas where 
there is an opportunity to improve our service to existing 
and potential investors. 

You are Beefy to be in your late 20’s/earfy 30's with a 
degree or equivalent in Economics, Statistics or simOar. 
You will have had experience of analytical work/market 
research, writing reports and presenting your findings, 
be at ease using statistical theory and ideally have 
worked in foe financial or closely related sectors. Above 
all you must have initiative, enthusiasm and be able to 
present a case with confidence and maturity to Stock 
Exchange committees and outside organisations. 

This b a genuine career opportunity as a member of a 
small team with excellent fringe benefits induing 
non-contributory pension, free travel and BUPA. 

Please reply with full CVto: Jennifer Gregson, Personnel 
Manager, The Stock Exchange, Old Broad Street, 
London EC2N1 HP. 




OF T Hk 


Applications are invited for the Secretaryship of the Territorial 
Auxiliary and Volunteer Reserve Association for the East Mid- 
lands, based in Nottingham, which covers the counties of 
Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire and 
Northamptonshire. The post will become vacant in June 1987 
and the successful applicant will be required to understudy the 
present Secretary for one month before taking over. Applicants 
should have reached the age of 45 but be undo* the age of 56 as 
at June 1987, must have Service Staff experience of at least 
Grade 1 level, and be prepared to live within commuting dis- 
tance of the Association Headquarters. 

The present salary is £16,806 pa and is subject to periodic 
review. An Association car is provided for carrying out his 
duties. The appointment is for a probationary period of 18 
months in the first instance, after which it may be confirmed to 
the age of 60 with further extensions of one year up to the age 
of 65, subject to satisfactory annual reports. The successful 
candidate will be required to pass a medical examination and to 
contribute to the Retirement and Death Benefits Fund, for 
which a 6% non-pena ionable addition to salary is provided. 

Application forms may be obtained from the Secretary, TAVR 
Association for the East Midlands, 6 Clinton Terrace, Derby 
Road, Nottingham NG7 1LZ. Completed forms must reach the 
Association not later than 22 September 1986. 

No testimonials or similar documents should be sent until 
requested. AH applications will be acknowledged. Any form of 
canvassing will lead to disqualification. 


As a result of cxir continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our developmenL 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement Your 
successfu I track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and mwfium sized companies, be they financial, commercial or 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort is offered. 

If this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 
START to join our expanding team, please send complete career details 
to Mark Quinary. Ren T1 500, Independent Consulting and Management 
Company Ltd., Universal House. 5&68 Clarence Street, Kingston-upon- 
Thames, Surrey KTi 1NP. 


A Iasi growing, firmly established medical equipment 
company selling to the NHS and private sector seeks two 
graduate calibre Technical Saks Representatives with a 
sdraiHic/teks background. 

The two' positions, one based in London/Home Coun- 
ties, the other based West/East Midlands.' would appeal 
to outgoing individuals who are ready to take on a rok of 
aggressively introducing a new product into a competi- 
tive but accessible market place. 

An early promotion into a sales management rok is 
envisaged for successful candidates. 

A good basic salary is co m p lem ented by a commission 
highly geared to achievement A company car is 

Aptly Mk Medic- Aid limited. 

Hook Lane, Pagham. 

W. Sussex P02I 3PP. 


A firm eommitnwn to develop 
wur career. Thai s shat Alked 
Dunbar Is currently ofienng to 
men and women who are 
equate commuted to amass 
Last year alone we spent aver 
£3 (ration an tranhg pro- 
grammes for our Sales 
Associates (25-55) and many of 
them went on o reap the 

We are ai «yjat opportunities 
Grow AppKafiois are wel- 
come regarttes of sex. marta) 
scars, ettme ortgm or 

For an sitaview or further de- 
tads call Peter Retards on BI- 
OT 7200 London and Home 


Retail Consultants 


Our client is looking for people who started at foe bottom and are 
making their way to foe top of the retail motor industry. Thoroughly 
experienced in ail areas, especially new and used sales and financial 
management you are ready for the next challenge. Intelligent 
versatile and, above alt practical, you have the ability to stimulate 
others. It is unlikely that anyone under 35, or earning less than 
£25,000 p.a., will be suitably qualified for the position. 


Your role will be to act as a troubleshooter and adviser to the 
company's existing and expanding network in the areas of your 
expertise. You will contribute significantly to foe success of individual 
dealers and the network as a whole. Based in the south of England, 
the position will involve travel throughout the UK. 


One of the leaders in the UK motor industry, our client is set on a 
course for sustained growth. Successful candidates will have 
outstanding prospects for future developmenL 
If you fit the bill, please telephonetoday on 01 -900 0321. 0J9G 
Or write, quoting reference APA/3175, to Leon Levy, 




Director of Recurtment, Aplin Phillimore Associates. 
Circle House Worth, 69-71 Wembley Hill Road, 
Wembley, Middlesex HA9 8BL 


Aplin Phillimore 


32- TeartUug Laotian la Europe- 
an sJudmta. MM-July lo 
Aug mi. RnwmlHl Sumy 
Tel: 0*2 03-3646- 

of food A wiw 

Jr* loofcmo for 3 new trjrbcn. 
Wr arm 2 to sun Srn u morr 
1st * a 3rd lo start September 
22ad. IMtnWww Joty 23rd ■ 
2Sdi. Pteaar nne Vicky Os- 
bonte on 01-239 0177 4uHk for 
on apotottoo form. 


wnaMr contacts in G8 and/or 
. mentn rrotdrrd by UK »n- 
a air colkor offering A lew rt and 
Degree coursrs. ADdty «o BOX 
A62 -nw Ttmm. Ad'ierUuowttt 
Dnunrond. virouna 
London El 900 

art plus BHmvKW help 

and too tearcti advK r. 2 <h u 
BrrUMmsud IOM27) 72209. 
CV* onMOHtonaUy wrtttm 
Chdcr of xtyir VBa.Accu*. 
Trl PMS an 02406 3367. 



PuMsNng oo needs an 
e x ortl en t sates person 
to deal wtth their 
international events 
- previous media or 
advertising agency exp 
plus second language 
pref . An exciting 
opportunity for the right 
person. CaH 370 1562 
Monroe Ree Cons. 


To E13£23 + ban + eat 

Our efierts. sutetfaries of major 
Darts, uprety seek sates paopte 
Iron nnee to senior lewis. AS 
pranvttsi is on nenL So if you 
are sestet > ctengg. 

PfaOM 0903 30424 
K P P w onn d Agy 

nsondtao DM Sytwn 
AKK7- TntMno avaUablr. 
£NEO. pMcagc. Andy Mr. P. 
A. Budgen. Ol 310 9UI 






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Sussex, m 6NL 



The Morgan Bank 

With a capital base of nearly $6 billion and a 
network that stretches around the globe, Morgan is 
a world leader in the financial markets. A major 
reason is our commitment to international systems 

The systems professionals we are seeking will 
analyse the business information requirements of 
our overseas branches to deliver effective systems 
solutions. They have quality degrees and 2-4 years’ 
broad based experience in a related structured 
environment, probably management consultancy. 
They have the mental agility, business acumen and 
drive to make impact quickly, together with the 
flexibility to move between different business 
applications, technologies and languages. Our 
hardware includes IBM mainframes, Hewlett 
Packard, DEC/VAX and NCR minis and we use 
PC’s extensively. Software tools include Relational 
Database and 4lh generation languages. 

We invest heavily in training the people who 
measure up to our requirements. Our structured 
approach to training and career development will 
concentrate on your business ability, technical 
talents and management potential. 

If working with accomplished, professional 
teams to apply sophisticated, innovative solutions 
to international business problems is a powerful 
attraction, talk with Morgan. The challenges are 
great — but then so are the prospects and rewards. 

Please contact our consultant John Miskelly on 
01-831 0111 during office hours or on 0702-202758 
today (noon-6pm). Alternatively, send a cv to 
JM Management Services, (Ref 331 ST) 

Columbia House, 69 Aldwych, London WC2B 4DX. 


First Move 


LC.G. House. OWfieM Lane Norm. Greenford. Middx. UB6 OAL. 
Confidential Applicant Response S Evaluation. 


Commodities Group 

City of London c£ 17,000 package 

Location: London Based G E 17000 |UL 

This is an unusual and demanding appointment within a highly 
complex organisation and requires flair, self-motivation and the 
ability to get things done within tight, self-imposed deadlines. 

The post has two main areas of responsibility: the financial/ 
economic appraisal of capital projects and ad hoc assignments in 
the capital accounting area. The assignments will be varied, for 
example preparing recommendations for improvements in 
accounting and computer systems, reviewing assets lives, and 
determining and Implementing the correct accounting treatment of 
complex contracts involving foreign currencies and price variations 
in projects costing up to £50 million. 

Your background should include experience of investment 
appraisal related to capital projects, hands-on financial or 
management accounting experience and in-depth exposure to 
computerised financial modelling. You should have a degree level 
education preferably in a business related subject, followed by an 
accounting qualification ail of which will probably place you in your 

For the right person this position offers a high level of interest and 
challenge within an unusual and lively environment Ref: L/l/118 

Our client is a long established commodity tracing group 
dominating several distinct markets. It has offices in London and 
overseas and is backed by a substantial organisation. The group 
has reosntfy entered new maricets and has genuine plans for further 

The Finance Director therefore seeks to strengthen Ns team by 
recruiting a young Chartered Accotmtarrt who will be part of a small, 
efficient centra) finance function. 

The rale has an unusual degree of involvement with non financial 
management An analytical approach is essential to understand the 
operations of the commodities market and to provide management 
information indudirg the monitoring of the activities of the trading 

The package, which is negotiable depending on relevant 
experience, includes the usual range of benefits as wefl as a 
discretionary bonus. 

Contact John P. Sleigh FCGA on 01-405 3489, 
quoting rete e nce J/426/FA 

PHONE 01-575 7070 NOW! 

Exceptional Graduates 21-23 yrs. 

US. Investment Bank 

c. £18,000 package including mortgage assistance 

Quantitative degrees preferred: 2.1 or above. Good 'A' level grades. 
Must be ambitious and willing to work long hours. Contact David 
Ryves on 01-930 7850 or write to the address below. 


125 High Holhorn London WC1V6QA Selection Consultants 0 7-105 3-199 



Robert Walters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 

66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y 4RF. Telephone: 01-930 7850 

.RiuenoNI KThchnloot Rocrulemont . 

STAINES £25,000 +CAR 



An outstanding opportuntiy for a qualified Accountant to 
■join a newly formed company at the beginning of its 
history. A starting salary of £25,000 and the longer term 
dependant on the abity of the individual concerned. Age 
is unimportant but a breadth of experience and a willing- 
ness to take a responsibilty and ‘do anything' is vital. For 
an immediate discussion call Robert Boag on Maidenhead 
(0628) 29333 Now. 

HunterPrmt (City) Limited, a subsidiary of the 

HnnterPrint Group Pic, wishes to appoint two top calibre Sales Execu- 
tives. Successful applicants will form part of a small professional Sales 
team based in London ECl sdling high quality full colour printing services 
across and industrial markets. 

Ewcuow Farjkt»s. St- Ms Home. Maidenhead Bert « 5 lfi (OfiSfll P3333 GW hmr-.l 

Backed by the considerable resources of a group widely recogn i sed for 
their quality, service and commitment to growth, the appointments cany 
excellent career prospects for the right people. 

A knowledge of City printing will be an advantage, but equal consideration 
will be given to applicants who can demonstrate his/her sales ability, and 
the necessary drive and ambition to succeed in a co m pe titiv e market- 

The job offers a competitive salary together with a performance linked 
bonus, company car and pension scheme. 

Please apply in witting, with C.V. fax 

David ffitwma, 

Marketing Director, 

HnnterPrint Group Pic, 

Saxon Way East. 

Oakley Bay Industrial Estate, 

Corby. Northants. NN18 9EX. 


To take busy professional a sso ci a tion into the computer ago 
SALARY FROM £12,000 

Responsibilities include maintaining the present manual books (£1.5 mBfon 
turnover] and bureau management acooutts whilst developing in bouse com- 
puter systems for financial aid management accounting, budgeting, 
expenditure control, payroie, membership database and word processing. 
Precise qualifications less important than demonstrated stalls. Lots of scope to 
develop in general management. 

Want a challenge? Write, in your own hand, enclosing your CV, to explain how 
you measure up. 

‘ Chief Executive 
British Veterinary Association 
7 Mansfield Street 
London. W1M GAT 
01-636 6541 


c £32K + Substantial Benefits 
UK Computer Manufacturer Dealer & End User Sales 


INTEL 286-based multi user UNIX/XENIX supermicros and minis 
Market-established application software for manufacturing and 
distribution sectors 

Competitive strength through INTEL 386 and 4GL development 
Independent Control Data subsidiary with substantial financial backing 
Territories throughout the UK. 


To meet our challenge, you will have: 

• -around 3 years proven success in capital equipment sales, ideally in 
mirco or mini-based computer solutions 

• good basic academic achievements backed by relevant sales training 

• excellent personal presentation and communication skills. 


• High negotiable basic salary plus generous first year guarantees 

• company car or car allowance 

• substantial benefits package including relocation 

• opportunities for career development 

We are committed to developing highly professional sales teams to ensure 

our planned growth, so why don't you talk to us today. Contact David House 
or Cotin Vaughan during normal working hours on (0532) 702277 or send a 
full CV to David immediately at Systime Computer! 

Science Park, Leeds LS11 OLT. 

mputers Limited, Millshaw 



CITY £10,000 + Bank Bens 

Our dtont is a loading muWnafioml group Whose ma- 
jor activities induce, corporals and investment 
banking, as wan as International merchant banking 
and tinting operations. 

They now offer several first class training schemes to 
1966 graduates. You wB have already developed a 
strong interest in the world of flrwice and be commu- 
ted to a professional quaification with the iCMA or 

honours degree, preferably in a finance related dteci- 
pBne. To find out more about these superb careers, 
which are made avafebto by the current financial ser- 
vices boom, telephone James Whelan or Michelle Ser 
on 01-629 4463, or write to them at 





Due to continuous expansion a well es- 
tablished London Finance Brokers require 
a responsible ambitious and enthusiastic 
person to work with in their team of nego- 
tiators. Applicants should er^oy meeting 
clients analysing and negotiating 
transations. No selling involved, we are 
offering a challenging career for the right 
person. Please write with fuHCvto Mfss S 
HHIs. AS Consultants (Brokers) Limited 24 
Red Lion Street London WC1R 4PS. . 

Sales & Marketing Director 

A new Company, which is part of a very successful 
Internationa) Group, has been established in the 
Slough area to manufacture a range of Eght Bectro- 
mechaiticai/Bectronic control, protective relay and 
test equipment products. These products have a large 
potential market in the Bectricai Power and Industrial 
markets in this Country and Overseas. 

An energetic Sates and Marketing Director is required 
to organise sates and exploit this targe HOME and 
EXPORT market A sdtabte candidate wU have mini- 
mum technical qua&fications to Degree or Kgher 
National standard in BectricaJ/Bectronic Engineering 
and a proven record of Sates Marketing experience. 
An excellent career pattern jsofferad in what wil be a 
rapUy expendng organisation with an attractive fi- 
nandW package fndutfing a stake to the future profits 

of the Company by the offer of Stock Options. 

Write gMng (Wafts of past experience and qualifica- 
tions tor 





< i W » 

Wsnesd more than consultants who have the ability to 

tite Puuic and Private saetor. We need more foan con- 
sultants who »e suecasriul in dawelopiiig effective re- 
htwwhips with diems and coUugues. 

We need people Bcs ousshns with personality, flair, 
and who enjoy the stress difficult projects incur. We 
can turn (fifftaft situations intoacdfing opportunities. 

Wa wait consoftants who w3 stimulate us: yet we re- 
quire them to have high degree erf cfcciplme. We are 

Shirting salary will b* determined at interview. 
Applications to Jo Goodwin 

375-385 GL0SSQP ROAD. 

TEl 0742 765631 





ewsy Thursday 


S. W. London 

c£I6,000 + car 

A wb 8 Known privately owne d grou p of 
companies with a turnover approaching. _ 
£100m has, Jhrough its continuing growth, 
created a new position for a newly or 
recently qualfited accountant 
it is an unusual rote offering exceptional 
experience; it combines the opportunity to 
provide financial advice and siqsportto the 

wefi wfihthesenforandnon financial 

This is a career nxwe: prospects are very 

companies witii the need to prepare and 

anatyse management information for 
the group's directors, it is 
important, therfbre, 

fhatunu am flhta fl 

that you are able 
to communicate 

fuSy expensed car.and an imjXBSsive . 


Confect Join P. Sfekgh FCCA 
fi on 01-405 3499 quoting 


training officer 


International bank requires an experienced person to deal witfa tranm* programmes ftr tbeir 
international audit teams. 

Experience of audit, an expansive personality and the ability to communicate are more important 
than a formal naming qualification. 

This involves prep ara tion and writing course material as wefl as presenting & w knowledge of 
accounting procedures should be comprehensive. The audit teams isdude chartered accountants, 
computer staff and Varied and interesting with same travel both in UK and overseas. 

Salary wifi be commensurate with experience but no Iess thtia £18,000 pa. Hesse contact 15helagh 
Anted on 01-583-1661 



Required for one of the c ountr y’s Leading High Tech, companies. Initially, you wifi be part of a small, 
highly professional ♦*« m, involved in the preparation of monthly and annual accounts within the UK 
and USA. Rapid progression wifi follow with commensurate salary increases. After one year the 
successful candidate wifi expect to earn £19,000+ with a wide ranging p ac k a ge of benefits. 

Please telephone Alan JR Jacobs on 01-583-1661 

ASB ACCOUNTANCY. CVs for both positions to 


50 Fleet Street, London, EC4Y IBE 

l P 

to. or an ihmWd» TovnM. 
EASO DJi. Call us now on T*9- 
2171. Albs (Enw AtA 


MAYFAIR nwumr CO. Series 
las catt&r* pa/ Secretary. An- 
dto A wp « m K rtanre Mml for 
Oils vary MCOr* tntareang as- 
Mnintnb Tcp .itks. wuund 
Johnson (R«c canal OX 493 

Secretary t NOSH) with Wang 
(xncrMnn, Sukt bookhm tod 
rates. Winifred Jotaoon ( Hk 
COM) Ol 3006 . 


required for small 
London shop renowned 
Classic English womens 
clothes. Age 1835. 
£7,000 + commission, 
let 01-493 0714 


NO OCU301 at 1906 



NOTICE » txrrtjy gh»» that 
the Ore hr a I 0» HUM Court of 
■Static*. Chancery DHtMon. SHM 
Uni X4R> JIM 1W6 nmnnmno 
ON RedPrtWaj of m* Share Prerw- 
aa Account or me above-nmed 
from SI2.43&719 « 
all was w t h w i w Ob’ the IM» 
trar at Oaa an w M the aom 
day of Jam. IMS. 
dated 0m aOfli June. IMS. 

sswsgtwr and May 
-- - SSMatMSnwt 
S O O f Wa re tor tbr Company. 

PA/ secretary with W** ejepert- 

MM. ExciJne. -booking. -Too- 
Ran. Winifred Johnson (Ret 
Cons) Ol 493 3006. 

AJTT RALLERY recks PA/ Secre- 
tary wtm W/P emerlesice. Tap 
rales, wionttred Johnson ( Rec 
Com) Ol «93 3006. 

A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 




for the 

placement of advertising. 

You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Satnrd-y 
morning, from9 JO a.m. to LOOp.m. 

This Bauiuquenew service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times —and it costs no extra. 

Tbbook your advertisement phone 01-4814000. ‘ 



9 $\ 




“Where will you be on October 27th?” 
AGA’s 25-32 20-30K+Bene£its 

Due to fee coming deregulation and to a gr o w in g 1 awareness of 
their worth, many of our finanra*! services clients are Tnr>lrfng for 
computer au ditor s. Our clients axe many, your opportunities vario us . 

After an i ni t i al two years or so in computer an^ career 
opparhmites with our cfaiite can develop fpt o a InnjFT fo =*rm audit 
career a move u nto more general management, a t ra rH *ter to in- 

house consultancy car possibly fixianoe. 

Ca nd id ate s (male or female), r e c ent l y qualified, working in public 
p ract ice or c ommer ce, should have expertise in co mp uter apdft, 

SecUj ' ily, risk nwiMgernwit or quality aiaaTpffinp 

E you. would like an initial meeting to di s c uss these opportunities, 

fi you would like an initial meeting to di smiss t hese opportunities, 
please contact George Oxxnrod BA (Oxoxi) or Wal^wp ^ytll FCA 
on 01-836 9501, or write, with your C.V, to our London address, 
quoting reference number 6808. 

Accountants need 
informed career 
advice and TOP 
so.. .Before you make 
your next move in/to 
Commerce or 

Young Accountants . . . How much are you worth? 

Salaries for newly qualified ACAs and ACMAs can range from 
£15,000 to £35,000. You may have wondered how much you could 
reasonably command on the open market or even whether you are 
being fairly remunerated in your current position. As a young and 
progressive recruitment consultancy specialising in the newly 
qualified area of the market we are able to provide you with a free 
and confidential assessment of your worth, given your experience 
and area of interest Informed and independent career guidance is 
also freely available. 


Fox & Sons Ltd are residential and commercial estate agents, surveyors and valuers 
operating throughout Central Southern En gland. 

Royal Life has a 25% interest in the group which intends to continue its rapid expansion 
lor acquisition and merger, with a view to a possible listing on the Stock Exchange. 

The Financial Controller will be responsible to the Board of the holding company, and is 
required to take overall control of the finance function. In addition to the normal duties 
associated with the role, the candidate will be expected to participate in the further 
development of the group’s expansion plans. He is unlikely to be aged under 35 and will be 
a Chartered Accountant with experience of multi-branch accounting, computerised man- 
agement information techniques an d treasury management. Success in carrying out these 
duties is likely to lead to toe position of Group Finance Director. 

Apart from an initial basic salary of c. £25,000 the remuneration package will reflect the 
seniority of the position to include share option scheme, pension and life assurance and a 
company car. 

Interested applicants should write, including CV with salary history and daytime telephone 
number, quoting .reference TT125 to: 


PO Box 4SR, One Hanover Square, London WIA 4SR 

you would be 

well advised to 
consider the 


Milton Keynes 

In anticipation of the launch of a new 
credit-based product, the Society is 
seeking to recruit an Operations 
Manager/Credit Controller who will be 
primarily responsible for the 
dewdopmem and control of the 
administrative systems associated with 
this product 

Preferably aged 28-35 and educated to 
a minimum of ‘A' level standard, you 
wilt have spent at leas: 3 years' in credit 
control within die finance industry. 
Experience m the design and 
development of operational systems in 
a computer-based environment is also 



C.£ 17,000 

essential Considerable product 
growth is anod pared and you will 
require highly developed staff and 
allied management skills. 

The competitive salary is accompanied 
by the range of benefits to be 
expected of a large financial institution, 
including relocation assistance where 

If you meet our requirements please 
send a full cv detailing your experience, 
achievements and current salary 
package to Shirley Pointer. Manager, 
Personnel Services, Abbey National 
Building Society, Abbey House, 

2.01. Grafton Gate East. Miiton Keynes, 
Bucks MK9 IAN. 

The dosing date for applications, 
which are invited from ail sections of 
the community, is 27 July 1986. 

Corporate Finance I 

Executives | 

City £18 -22,000 + benefits 

The unprecedented level of Corporate Finance activity in the City has created the 
demand for high calibre accountants and lawyers who are seeking a challenging 
. opportunity. 

Our dienes include Merchant Banks, Investment Banks and Stockbrokers who are 
active in: 

■ Mergers and Acquisitions 

■ USM and Full Listings 

■ Platings 

X Management Buyouts 

■ Corporate Advisory Work 

Candidates wfllbe between 25-28,-and will hav^jan excellent academic record as well 
as strong interpersonal skills and complete commitment to succeed in a commercial 

To arrange an initial meeting to discuss “these opportunities, please contact Victoria 
Ward Krickic or Lindsay Sugden ACA on 01-404 5751 (evenings and weekends 
01-789 2295), or write to them at 39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. a 

Simply complete and return the coupon below (or phone Eileen 
Davis on 01-930 7850) and we will send you a brief questionaire. 
Upon receipt of this we will contact you with an estimate of your 
current market rate. 

!~ Name 

Robert Watters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 
66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y 4RF 
Telephone: 01-930 7850 

j Home telephone 

i Please send me an 
j assessment questionaire LJ 

Young Accountant 


based Cambridge 

Sobering Holdings Limited, the holding companyfor 
the Sobering Group in the UK. is seeking on additional 
Accountant to join a small multi-disciplinary unit 
based at Its new prestige headquarters, overlooking 
the centre of Cambridge. The Schering Group in the 
UK has an annual turnover in excess of £180 million 
in its pharmaceuticals, industrial chemicals and 
agrochemicals businesses and worldwide turnover 
exceeds DM5.000 million. 

Operational Audtt functions at the sharp end of the 
business, monitoring operational controls and pro- 
cedures across the Group worldwide, making travel 
an integral part of the job. Ybu will work in all areas 
of the Group ensuring controls and targets are 
properly established. Introducing improvements 
where necessary and measuring performance. 

Asubsldiay of Schering AG. Wed Germany. 

We require a graduate with either ACMA or ACA and 
at least two years' post-qualification experience, 
who will be able to show a practiced appreciation 
of business needs and requirements. Working at 
senior management level, good interpersonal and 
communications skills are essentiaL 
We can demonstrate that Operational Audit Is a 
stepping-stone into different functions within the 
organisation, usually after 5-4 years, wffir general 
management a realistic possibility The successful 
candidate will receive a highly competitive salary, 
company car and a wide range of benefits, includ- 
ing relocation expenses where appropriate 
Please send full career and salary details to 
Mr N T Smith. Schering Holdings limited. Hauxtoa 
Cambridge CB2 5HU. 


Graduate Trainees/ 
Part Qualifieds 

UK wide opportunities 

£8,500 -£13,000 + study kaw/espenses 

New gra rfnatt s or young, as p irin g acfrauMnra who 
are actively studying are sought by a mu ltin ational 
Group able to offer a structured taming programme 
and eredkat prospects. 


Aged 21 -25 

Possessing ar expecting at kart a Second Class 
degree (subject immaterial) 

Success in any professonaJ exttmaatioas already 

Initiative and endmsiastD 

Good communication and people «H1« 

Fringe fipnefim are those which yon would expect 
from a multinational employer and include six 
monthly performance reviews and, in appropriate 

If yon see yonrsdf as a senior financial manager of 
mmnm m and seek a first class uppr&tttnit y to prove 
yonr wrath raday, then wriie briefly to J. ConsraWe, 
AQS, Director enclosing a cnrri c uhm vine or 
triephmw fig a personal Msmy farm, in either case 
quoting Refc 4740. 

t X h C i J T I V E CON M t C i iO i '■! . 



c.40 yrs c.£30,000 p.a. 

plus benefits 

Our diems, a major international bank with a long-established and 
substantial London presence, seek to recruit a mature, knowl- 
edgeable banking operations officer who will succeed their 
present Head of Operations/ Admin, upon his retirement. 

Reporting to the Branch Manager (and on occasions, direct to 
H.O.) tiie appointee will occupy a pivotal position in the day-to- 
day running of a London operation employing some two hundred 
staff, and it is therefore essential that candidates possess not only 
a comprehensive knowledge of current international banking pro- 
cedures (from F.X. back-up and supervision of branch security to 
statutory reports and E.D.P. controls) but also the ability to plan 
and supervise the enhancement of existing on-line accounting and 
data processing systems. 

Our clients envisage that the successful candidate will be in 
his/her late 30's, with proven managerial skills, and the ability to 
respond to pressure and dead-lines in a positive, practical fashion. 

in order to attract such an outstanding individual, they propose to 
offer a competitive salary, augmented by arguably the most com- 
prehensive benefits package in the City, including a company car, 
mortgage assistance, an annual bonus, non-contrib. pension 
scheme. Free lunches etc. 

If you are confident that you meet our client's requirements, and 
you'd like to discuss your suitability for the position in complete 
confidence, please contact Mark Stevens or Carol Plummer on 01 
236-3484, or send a copy of your C.V. marked 'Private & 

32-36 Fleet Lane r London EC4M 4YA 
Telephone 01-236 3484 

International Recruitment Consuhams-London Brussels NewLfodk Sydney 
A memberofthe Addison ftgePLC group 

LC. A 

Sydney i 

Gabriel Duffy 

1 Financial Selection 
and Search for nawty 
and recently qualified 

31 Southampton Row 
London WC1B5HJ. 

0! 8312288 
Initial contact to:- 
Mchael Iterator 
Dam* Smah 01-00 
(evenings and 

c.£20,000 + CAR 

Our client, a major PLC within the service industry, 
urgently requires a qualified accountant with 4 years 
post qual. experience. 

The main responsibilities of this challenging role 

Financial Accounting, control of central costs, con- 
trol of Capital Expenditure and a general interface 
with other accounting functions. 

Becoming a member of the Company’s Senior Fi- 
nance Team, the successful applicant will be in their 
late 20' s early 30’s with the ability to manage a large 
staff, communicate at all levels and above all have 
the determination to succeed. 

In the first instance please contact Sally Mildren, 
Tel: 0403/41366 



5 Elacfctiorse Way. Horshans. Rb 12 1.NU 

!. ■ 



A guide to career 


Figure it out the right way 

One of the more surprizing statistics in 
the graduate job market is that chartered 
accountancy firms are now recruiting for 
training no" less than 10 per cent of all 
graduates going into employment for the 
first time. 

Equally interesting is the fact that 30 
per cent of them are women and that a 
growing proportion of the intake is from 
what the profession's largest body - The 
Institute of Chartered Accountants in 
England and Wales — calls “non- 
relevant" disciplines This covers a 
whole spectrum of subjects that are not 
business related though most of those 
who are attracted into accountancy from 
other fields have numerate leanings. 

Liesel Payne, is now in the final stages 
of her three years of training — for what 
used to be called articles — with a small 
London West End practice. She has a 
non-relevanx degree in psychology and 
had a brief spell as a primary school 
teacher before deciding that that career 
was not for her. She admits to having 
been good at maths at school, but says 
that accounting maths is venr basic: “It’s 
mostly *0’ level stuff, though you do get 
into things like calculus in the theoretical 
papers in the Pan 2 exams. In your 
everyday work, though, you’re mostly 
using ordinary arithmetic.” 

In fact numeracy, in the number- 
crunching sense is no long as important 
in accountancy as it used to be. “A lot of 
the routine work these days is done with 

Emphasis is on analytical 
skills now, not numeracy 

computers," says Madeleine Ross, Stu- 
dent Counsellor at the Institute. "The 
emphasis now is on more analytical 
skills, interpreting the information that 
comes from the figures, communicating 
its implications to management and 
looking at all the ramifications of taxT 

For this reason some of the bigger 
firms are now heavily engaged in 
activities which only a short time ago 
were little more than an added client 
service. Coopers & Lybrand, for in- 
stance. now have a management consul- 
tancy staff of 600, a threefold increase 
since 1981 Price Waterhouse are one of 
several large firms with a sizeable 
division specializing in the recruitment 
and selection of financial staff. Other 
practices have begun to muscle in on 
some of the activities that used to be the 
preserve of merchant banks, such as 
raising funds and arranging for stock 
market quotations. No doubt the "bjg 
bang" will see a further expansion in 
such directions. 

Accountants, in fact are shedding the 
traditional image which associates them 
largely with preparing balance sheets and 
tax returns. As 1 986 is Industry Year, the 
Institute has launched a campaign to 
make the public — and the graduates they 
want to attract into the profession — 
aware of the wide ranging nature of their 
contribution to the economy. 

“Accountants are concerned with 
devising the financial structures that will 

Chartered accounted 
is attracting increasing 
numbers of recruits. 
Godfrey Golzen looks 
at the appeal of this 
fast growing profession. 

enable companies to meet the objectives 
of their business plan - for instance in 
the matter of funding." says spokesman 
Andrew Colquhoun. "‘Smaller firms that 
can't afford a full time financial control- 
ler of their own are increasingly turning 
to their external accountants to help 
them plan their whole financial strategy 
as well as to set up control systems that 
will enable management to monitor 
progress on a day to day basis." 

The three year training period covera 
law. economics, general business meth- 
ods and data processing (from 1987), as 
well as taxation and management ac- 
counting techniques. It is, in fact 
beginning to emerge as a serious rival to 
an MBA as a post-graduate qualification 
leading to a business career - especially 
as it has the added attraction that 
students are paid while taking it. 

Rates are somewhat lower in the 
provinces, but in London you can expect 
to earn somewhere around £7,300 in the 
first year, rising to £10,000 by your final 
year, by which time you will already be 
helping to supervise new trainees on 
audits and similar jobs. The Chartered 
Accountants Students Society of London 
keeps an eye on training rates, but the 
market itself exercises a strong upward 
pressure on them — as it does on salaries 
of qualified accountants, which start at 
about £1 5,000 and then rise quite rapidly 
to over £20.000. 

It is. however, a very tough training. 

A tough training programme 
faces the new graduate 

The emphasis is very much towards on- 
the-job training, which means that the 
theoretical part, forming the content of 
the two main exams, has to be studied 
largely at home. Liesel Payne found she 
was spending 1 5-20 hours a week on that, 
in addition to the time off she was given 
u> prepare for exams under her training 
contract. “It's not easy to get stuck into a 
textbook when you’ve been at work all 

She was put on to preparing of 
accounts for small firms within a month 
of starting her training and since then she 

It was the variety of work tbai 
attracted her 10 training in a small 
practice with only five partners. “You 
have to make the choice between that 
and a larger firm. I chose this option, 
because I thought I’d get more personal 
help here as well. It’s worked out well for 
me. though I may move to a bigger 
practice eventually, in order to get 
exposure to the kind of problems you get 
with larger clients” 

Kendal Withers has made the opposite 
choice. She is in the final stages of her 
contract with one of the grams of the 
profession. Price Waterhouse. “I was 
attracted to the training facilities here. 

which are almost like a mini-university,’* 
she says. 

Her training contract involves one 
exam less than that of Ms Payne because 
she has a relevant degree, a BCom in 

However she does not fed this is an 
overwhelming advantage. "It’s useful as 
a background, especially in the Pan 2 
exam. But a university degree is iaxgely 
concerned with theoretical issues. You 
will have to acquire the practical 
knowledge.” She has no regrets about 
having done that particular course, but 
she would not advise anyone to take a 
relevant degree purely as a preparation 
for accountancy. "It’s not worth it when 
you only save taking one exam. You’d be 
for better doing something you really 
want to do." 

Failure rate for admission 
into the practice is high 

Certainly the failure rate in the 
accountancy exams is extremely high. 
The Institute quotes the average first 
time pass rate as averaging only SO per 
cent, and that does not include students 
who simply drop out This figure is an 
improvement on recent years, but it is 
still daunting when one considers that 
almost 90 per cent of all trainees are now 

The high 80 per cent pass rates Ms 
Withers quotes for Price Waterhouse 
indicates that success in getting students 
through the professional exams ought to 
be an important criterion in choosing a 
firm to train with, though practices, for 
their part, are also getting more selective 
about who they take on by looking 
carefully at their academic records. 

However all is not lost even for those 
who do not stay the course, for whatever 
reason. Some move on instead to take 
the less demanding qualifications offered 
by the Association of Accounting Tech- 
nicians: a body set up in 1 980 to validate 
the tier below full professional levels. 

Most of those who drop out of 
accountancy training, though, simply go 

Financial Planning 
& Analysis 

U.S. multinational, 
based Cyprus 

ACA’s, MBA’s, 30-35 years 
Substantial $ package 

- Our dfent has an immetfate 

based in this 

S’d.Snrtngand co<rfinating Marketing 

activilies throughout the region. 


national structure will ensure th emaxirnump ossi- 
bifity of rapid progression on an mtetnaaonai scaw. 

?*fe**y phis fall acconipfiod atib nekpens^fti 

Robert Walters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 

66-68 Haymarket, London SW1Y4RF 
Telephone: 01-930 7850 

costsand a company cat 

Weave conducting initial interviews ®**^JJ**J; 

Paris and Brussels. Interested wlicante ^aJW 

contact Robert Walters or Keith Alien, on Q1-93Q 7850 
or write enclosing a fall c.v. to the address 
overseas please send all correspondence express. 

125 High Holborn London WC1V 6QA Selection Consultants 01*4053499 

A Vi M ! 1 ■) It • 1 1 U 1 ’ € • i f * 1 1 * -wl f [■*' H ^ T - * I > • f f- L m 11 ) I v T If ‘-If l ■ ■ « ♦ I >Ul fl ■si e -ilH \ i • , i iT rT TVtailU I \ firT-.TiT* -f « f J tT- : k a I • il i V t. ■ 

of work an accountant is likely to tackle, 
“I’ve done tax returns for all kinds of 
small businesses and self-employed peo- 
ple. I’ve set up business systems for start- 
up firms. I’ve helped clients prepare a 
case for bank finance — I’ve even been 
involved in auditing voting returns for a 
trade union election.” 

of companies or public bodies. There are, 
it seems, plenty of jobs at around 
£10,000 a year for anyone with account- 
ing experience. 

• The ccit of the new Henley Manage^ 
merit course mentioned by Beryl Dixon 
on June S. is £3,800 



In response to considerable growth, the Merchant Banking 
subsidiary of a major European Bank is now seeking a high calibre 
accountant to lead the development of Its external reporting 
function. Reporting directly to the Chief Accountant, the Financial 
Accounting Manager will take responsibility for balance sheet 
planning and monitoring, financial management of the U.K. and 
overseas subsidiaries, development of computer systems and ad 
hoc projects associated with Investments and the introduction of 
new products. Suitable candidates, aged 27-35. will be qualified 
accountants with prior experience of the banking or financial 
services sector. Ref: JG. 

CITY £20-30,000+ Car 



Our client is a major film and TV. production and distribution 
company, itself a subsidiary of a multi-national leisure group. 
A new position of Assistant Controller has been created to assume 
management of the accounts function, numbering seventeen 
staff. Responsible for accounts preparation, duties will also 
include, treasury and systems development The requirement is 
for a qualified accountant aged around 30. with good communl- 
catfonand management skills. Prospects are excellent within this 
fast moving environment Ref: LMS. 


Robert Half Personnel. Freepost Roman House, Wood Street 
London EC2B 2JQ. 01-638 5191. 



KH/Sim Elft-lljBM 
herder -Mfoty+teec 
The rapMb B w mh m group in- 
mtad m roe onpwt. ristotiMn 
and mutating at camunr dm- 
bhs otes an exedtont 
oppmtnty far a yuxig. araU- 
faxe aamttt fa Piwoct 
System Accowram laspaaaw- 
fies incfeide imMif 
n an agonanr amunBng. Mow- 
ing. taecasSna and profit centre 
momting. CamKUes sfnwM be 
ami aid 20 s. pan quanta) to 
L2/PR2 and possess nkn »- 
pcncnca asfng Lotas 123. 


Expanding City Recruit- 
ment Company tMk 
ambitious antra prenurial 
cofHWitam*/ trainees, mid 
to Me 20s. 

Phone Cuttiey Edmonds - 
The Roger Parker 
Or gan i sa tion 01-588 2560 

top muon co. Mat hm mn 
3m ee kov ttiivlrwiMiK. 
IBM anraor exp tnefUL Ex- 
Dputm poiMan wm many 
com p an y narks. zi+ . Urgent. 
DBJ5QO. GUI Ol 570 1662- 


125 High Holborn London WC I V 6QA Selection Consultants 01-405 3499 


Holland Park Wll 

Lanstome coaservatioe 
area. Superb family bouse, 
recently decanted with 
data access to nonal 
Sudan. S/6 Ale beds. 3 
reaps. 2 hubs. Bohhaup kit. 
bunchy rot. wine cctiar. 2 
Cloaks. amiKMKS. psuo. 
F/H. Price guide £585.000. 

Teh 01 229 5900 

Improve Real Profits? 

Age 26-32 

-BHC HOUSC Houses and llats »r 
saie. Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-790 9560. 

IMpnm Haases and ruts for 
sate. Docklands property Cen- 
tro. 01-790 9660. 



The renowned Orton Btau Softool in Mentebone Lane and Its 
residential sister school U IMnkfeid nr Windsor have good 
earner openings tor enthusiastic and knewlegeaUe cook*. 
Applicants short) have a Cordon Blau tnrtkw or sMUv: 
ranching oxpenmcM nepuf but not essential 

Teaching a the mam element of the positions offered but 
applicants start be wHng to train as demonstrators to large 
audiences, develop and test recipes and become wafted In 
the marry acrMBes of the schools. 

4-5 waste hoMoy. Coca salvia s, daperdirw on age and 
experience. Apply m writing wdh fufl ev to: The Pnnctotoe. The 
Cordon Bleu Cookery School 114 Maryttjone Lana. Lonfcn 
W1M 6HH. 


VEHMTILE. r wp or wIWi* . mature 

cmnM. iMt sttuaban together. 
Caring country lovm, no d» 
pmdante. Husband an me farm 
manager. livdcvUi tMufamaand 
admtoiaralfv* etpertonre. Wife 
very rxnerienced tn au animal 
rare and bone*. Sam acuvt 
and vital. Able io turn hand to 
anything. Experienced drivers 
hid H c.v. Not afraid of the 
unumal. Td 0636 790106. 

maw HflDAV Young fXsirmy of- 
ficer looking ror femoorary 
wont. Willing io do a n yUim g le- 
«al. Td 01-675 5997,323 6896 


"llli Imagination and wine ex- 
perience MHO interesting work. 
London am. Tcf 01-434 1849 
murtMIMIAl Cordon aieti 
Cook ' Housekeeper wants 

5*2^™W»Jn Winter SM Resort. 
Tei.-oi-aes 6617 teves) 

A leading firm of management consultants 
wishes to expand the financial side of their very 
successful practice. 

The emphasis is on practical analysisand 
problem solving, and then assisting clients to 
implement realistic profitable solutions. Those who 
have an original approach to financial management 
will enjoy the challenge. There are * 
opportunities to work on assignments __ 
with consultants in a whole range of Ra 

Roland Orr 


Management Consultants 

12 New Burlington Street London WlX lFF Tetepbone O 1-439.6891 

c.£30,000 plus car 

business and consultancy disciplines including 

Graduate qualified accountants (ACA, CA, 
ACMA, ACCA) with some experience in industry 
commerce or financial services aged 26-32 can 
er^ect an excellent remuneration package including 

Pfeasewrite fa absolute confidence to 
srita __ “JJ quoting our client reference 

MWMMHKV Houses ana run 
for Mir. Docklands Property 
Centre 01237 6404. 

DOCKLANDS Houses and flats 
Mr sale Docklands . Property 
Omire ot -257 fidsa. 

riOTHOtMIIHr Houses and flats 
for sale. Docklands Property 
Ccnn 01-257 £ 454 . 

ftots tor sale. DoCManda Proper- 
ty Centre 01-737 5404. 



South of London to £20,000 + Car + Bonus 

Our client is a well established, highly profitable management and an interest in developing their 

market leader with a turnover approaching £100 career in one of the UK's most successful 

million. Continued growth has created an ' . - companies. Based at an attractive location, the 

opportunity for a high calibre qualified ■ company is well served by motorway links, 

accountant to join as a senior member of the Prospects are excellent and a generous benefits 

finance team. package will include competitive salary and hilly 

Reporting to the Finance Director, the post will expensed executive car, plus attractive bonus and 

involve full responsibility for die management of share option schemes. Full relocation expenses are 

the financial accounting function with ultimate available where appropriate. 

CM |nr Mdun'teiwnm. Par- 
is baud -rflh otw mootn a year 
Brazil to toad) boy B. girl 10 
Engl»h and French: W<cnds 
fret. fW 860963. Similar posi- 
uon Omrva for Inwmattanal 
Bankcm. Cau- Soane Bureau 
01-948 4590 • 

VKM3E Cafe Society? Very ex- 
■ perienccd nanny 264- lord year 
girl KlOO pw. Dream itomt 
with indoor Boot. SM weekends 
In Winter Similar pofliiom Ct- 
nna. Munfrh and Jeddah. Ref 
861146 Call Stoanc Bureau 01- 
948 4590 

non RUDDLE A1MUIST we art 
looking lor an ‘au nalr girl' loy- 
al and auramve. mm. 18 yean 
out. io look after one unit noy 
and housekeeping. In a country 
hot** in Jura iWe&i of Switzer- 
land) PtmnnnUra to do 
..dUlerem gporte. French tenon* 
free Please answ e r hy wrttmo 
wttii gho t ogr a ph and phone 
number Family paimweL 1361 
SlCwngr In Switzerland. 

87 Regent ScrecLUmdon W» 
Tel 439 6634.UK. Oiersaa*. 
At so mjidiB imrb lempi perm 

ttOAtOO Prestige Nanny 
Poowns. Pack your bags ror (he 
luxury IMe style of the South 
China Seas ror an amerhan mu- 
Uonalre “King & |- of 

cornu ulers. Train rreouentty io 
Hoag Kong mn dream rest- 
donee Taiwan. 1 bay !»■ vri. 
Ref 86O116. Oil Sloan* Bu- 
reau 01-948 4590 

too needed to run new 
recTuttmenl agency for took* 
starling to Septembo- to wci. 
Please reply to BOX JT6 


MULTMJHBDAL engtfah female. 
25 yean, exrefleni present*- 
lion. asaHanie tor tmrrprciMton 
m ewiuuuoo*. ulflm. fnleena- 
norea commerce! Tefeghooe 
Kim Hodge 0174 1 701 S. 

capable QML as. Exwmenre 
wttn mndren. Cordon 8»eu. 
Some typing. Car Driver Seeks 
Daily po siti o n excellent Ran. 
Tel: 01 730 6566. 

Our client is a well established, highly profitable 
market leader with a turnover approaching £100 
million. Continued growth has created an 
opportunity for a high calibre qualified ■ 
accountant to join as a senior member of the 
finance team. 

Reporting to the Finance Director, the post will 

>nus | 


Owtrej A how or an 

apartment in London but 
. rani span the lime and 

Let the spcciattit 
Art for you 

Tefeptatejei) 603 9391 
Ttitex: 997121 

bli of doos HouM*ami fiats 
tar s». Docklands property 
Centre OX-796 9660. 

ly prefcnM (MM dst. 
Edwaratan nom*. prune uoa- 
tton. a lot recent im lux fWW 
ku-bmuc rm. ten laundry. 4 
Deos. Mptrti ri su» BUh. 2nd 
bath. dW* St5-P*fe 
tamkcaoed oon. £200.000. T« 

responsibility for over 30 staff. This demanding 
role will offer the opportunity to make a 
significant impact and to develop further bi^i 
standards of financial control- 
Suitable applicants will probably be aged- 
28-33 with a proven track record of man- • 

Interested candidates shouldcontact Chris Sale 
on 01-83 1 2000 (evenings and weekends 
01- 87 0 0791 ) or write to Michael Page 
Partnership, 39-41 Parker Street, 
London WC2B 5LH. 


Michael BageRartaership 

International RecntitrnentCcHTsukants . 

A m£rrber<^^AdrBsoliB^PUZ^up ■ 




Cambridge Tripos: Natural sciences, mathematics, and engineering 

* denotes distinction 
'Natural Sciences Tripos. Part 2 
Physics and Theoretical Physics 

wakefleu. and Jos: 

I Cat. Stows and Obk R I CridasorF. 
Chtelehurat an d Stocup OS and 
EMnu: S J Ojnafcy. John Faber. 
Puriw. and Chur: D Q Oiimmo. 
Southend HS and Jotv. A J Fahtr. 
Abingdon and Cl* A J no. King 
Edward's OS. Bii ■ i itngfiam . and Trim 
S K Okmh, Dmauni Foundation. 
Lomhlon. and Chur: n M 

George Honors. Edin- 

burgh. 'and OuT B A Lawrence. 
Brentwood and Cla: M L Usdbeiler. 
Bishop Wordsworth and Tr H: M J 
Litey. Godot phln and Latyrner and 
Qu: J T Ngo. Wanner HS. San 
Francisco. US. and Jes o J Pentney. 
Newcastle upon Tyne rcs and Chur. 
A Porch. Lower Rhondda Como. 
Perth, and Pemb: H C Pumphrey. 
Hetobv HS and Jes: N A J Robinson. 
Stockport QS and Emma; T E 
RcMnson. Magdalen CoO S. Oxford, 
and Trtn: A Rzyrn, High Areal. 
Dudley, and Cal: K M Stevln. Cardinal 
Wiseman. Greenford. and Magd; R A 
Smith. Montsayc- Kettering, and Trtn; 
T J R Thome, Tonbridge and Rob: A 
R Tnsogiki. hudhgate and Qu: M J 
Liwworth. R flufo. Taunlon. and 
ChttoV*. A Vatavttnl. Salesian C. 
London, and Trtn: P S wells. 
Bradford Cl tig , and Qu. M Winter. 
HUB Road SFC. Cambridge, and Chur. 

Class 2 OsMoa 1: C D Aaer. Solihull 
Christ's: D J BfiL Btsaoo&tuiL HlUltto 

don. and Setw; us Brian J- St 
Counnba's. New DdW. and Chun D R 
Blackmore. Wlntringham. Grimsby, 
and Trln: A BroadnenL Durham HS 
and New H: C J Daw l re y. 
Hawrdanaen' a sued Girls. EKree. 

ion. and Chitons 5 H Clmah. Ando 
Chinese Jim C. Singapore, and 
Christ's: A M Coleman. Archway S. 
Stroud, and Setw: R M Coilyns. 
MariOorough and Com; S M Carrie. 
Fettes and New KJC Curtis. Cutford 

M Flew. St Bartholomew's S. 
Newbury, and Tr H: A FHnL 
CMddwnt and iSidcup CS and Tr H: 
SEA Glynn. The Leys. Cambridge, 
and Trln: D J Goodwin. Alleynes S 
and Trln: T J Gordon. K Edward's &. 
Birmingham, and Joh: A Harris. Sale 
City Boys GS and Emma: D S Herbert. 
Oneway SFC. Leicester, and Qu: M J 
Holmes. Coventry 8 and Cla: S M 
Husatru. WUhlngton CJrts S and 
Newn: Njr Jackson. Manchester GS 
and Down: M E Jones. Feimam Lip S 
and com: M j King. S> Boollace's C. 
Plymouth, and Trtn; ‘ 

Stockport GS and Joh: L 
Kern C and Trtn; O 
Colchester Inst or HE and i 

Marsh, si Paul's S __ _ 

McKenna. Ridgeway S. Swindon, and 
CJtti: P M K Nescalfe. Alderman 
Newton's S. Leicester, and New H: A 
C O'Neln. SI Patrick's HS. Maghera. 
and Chur: G N Pauerson. Wallace MS. 
Lisburn, and Glrton: D J Pomjan. 

R Law. 
w rj LinflehL 

and Qu: J 

LHSs HS and Magd: 
of ca an ose coll. C 
land SFC and Cal: I 

i ward's s. Edgbaaion. and 

and Quit: A J He Oespteny* West- upon Hull, and New H. K J Lee. 
minster and CM: M J FJndUv. Epsom C and Qu: A Peasgood. 
MeUtodM C. Belfast. and Jejv; P C wvroeston C and Newm K W Woods. 
Higgs. -Beaumom Leys. Leicester, and cosforth HS and Selw. 

Higgs. -Beaumont Leys. Leicester, and 
SiiT-Ti T Humphries. Handsworlh GS. 
Birmingham, and Jotu M D irons. 
Bishop Wordsworth and Rob: C P 
Jessop- Kcmnai Manor. Sldcup. and 
Tnn: PSH Knoob. Cal day Grange Co 
GS. west Kirby, and Cla: A M Lewis. 

ssswitts ft, fls 

Mi. XT 

T Pike. Caierham and CaUt: C W 
Potter. Westminster and Trtn: A Potts. 
Caldew. Carlisle, and Flow: A T 
Ramsey. Benton Park GS and Girl on: 
M P Robinson. Magdalen Coll S. 
Oxford, and Cla: W Schwarzartier. R 
Bdfasi Acad insi and Emma: C 
HodSn. Bacfcwtfl S. Bristol, and 
Pemb: S W J Silvester. King's Cou s. 
Wimbledon, and Joh: C GH Stuart. 
William EJUs S and Tr H.: N s Taylor. 
Haberdashers Ashe’s Gtrto Sch. 
Etetree. and Emma: P J Thayer. 

Sleaford, and 


Warner. International S of Gent 
and Chur: R J Voum, K James 
Knaresborough. and Christ's: S J 

S of Geneva 


S and Emma: R A 

Barton. Maidstone GS arid Magd: A G 
BiumfteM. Orwefl HS and Down: M 
Chamberlain. Wools! on HS. Wamng- 

Knarestwroupti. a 
Adams- Sandbacfl 

Met h odtot C. Bdftnwd QuiJT R Dt 
Suva Maidstone GS and Pel: A C 
Dean. Mai bank S and Chur: A j 
□putsch. Haberdashers AUrt Orb 
Sch. Eutree. and Newn: CP Dixon. 
cmtweU comp. Beeston. and MM: A 

and Chur: T D Geo. Manmough and 

Qu: S S Greaves. Harrogate CS and 
Down: R S Green. Hidrne Boys CS. 
Oklnam and Trtn: D G Hobson. T 
Rotherham C and Glrton: RL Hooper. 
Hlidi Wycombe RGS and Gbion: a C 
K Hsteh, Haberdashers Aske s Bovs 
Sch. Ehfree. and Qu: A P fnverforth. 

sssssnas* s? : 

Johnson. Catday Orange CoGfE 
Merseyside, and Qiar: N R a 
Johnson. Lycee Ftunqam 
Gaulle. London, and Qp: . — 

EM-iam C and King's: C E J KUgour. 
King's S. Gloucester, and Job: P □ 
Lawrence. Glasgow Arad and Trln: M 
P Leung. Yina Vila Glrts Sch. Hong 
Kona and Newn: D M Lock- Hampton 
S and cat A J Lomas, st • 

jse Charles de 
b: G L Jones. 

Oakham, and Rut- 

. — : OA Snaffer. Ilford 

Boys Co HS and Qu: M J Tlndai. 
Clifton and Qu: P A Usher. wootton 
UP s and QirtsTK B P Venaan. 
Burnham OS and Rob: A R Williams. 
Wauord Boys GS and TrHilBO Wil- 
liams. K Eawi 

Tr H. 

Out 3: J Ardron. Q Elizabeth HospL 
Bristol, and Gath: L j Arultah. King's 
Con S. Wimbledon, and Pem: D M 
Benton. Newcastle upon Tyne RGS 
and Pemb: J Bhalia Menztea HS. w 
Bromwich, and Joh: D L Buckingham. 
Blue S. Welts, and Sid: L A Dare. 
DCS. London, and Oimrs J S 
Hortey. Dover C and New H: C C F 
Kan- Si Felix S. Soulhwold. and Trtn: 
J L Kirby. Newtand HS. Kingston 
upon Hull, and New H. K J Lee. 

wirral Co GS for 
J Safer. " 

K Edward's S. 

Birmingham, and Joh: A _J Smiih, 
Lindsey S. CieeUiorpes. and Trtn; M C 
Souin. Herts and Essex HS and Down: 
S R H Staines. Eton and Pcmo; ID B 
Siarfc. Winchester and Qu: T N 
lock dale. Nunlhorpe GS. York, and 
nr: N P Strickland. Ardmgty C and 

G A Taylor, king's S. Peter- 
It: H M Thomoson. 

Granted an allowance towards the 
ordinary BA degree: 

A Bumhan. Billertray S and Magd: P I 
Pavndes. Lard 1 1 on Gy inn. Cyprus, and 
Trln: I J Skidmore. Merchant Taylors 
S. Crosby, and Rob. 

The following, who is not a candidate 
for honours, has satisfied me examin- 
ers: M KailnowskL Fernunlversiat 
Hagen and Pet 

The Hartree and Clerk Maxwell prizes 
are awarded to N J Burroughs. 
Chippenham Tech C and King's. 

Mathematical Tripos Part 1A 
cast 1: □ A Amos. Windsor Boys S 
and. Trln: K a Aum.^CatTo GS. 

King’s Coll S. Wimbledon, and Joh: J 
E Barnes. Abbey S. Reading, and New 
H: R G J Bass. Manchester GS and 
Jes: H C BUUngton. Si Paurs Girte S 
and Newn: A 1 Blvth. Prior Pungtove 
C and Chur. S J Blvth. ECS London, 
and Ctirtsrs: C A Brown. Westrltff 
Girts HS and Newn: A H Browne 
Hills Rd SFC. Cambridge, and Tr H: R 
C Cannings. K ESwMYll.ghflfleW. 
and Trln: R J CXark. Q Elizabeth GS. 
Wakefield- and Emma: G M J Davtes. 
Verulam S and Qu: A H Davison. 


Tnn: _ -- _____ 

borough, and Joh: .... _ . _ 

Newcastle upon Tyne RGS and Pemb. 
N P Topping. High Wyromoe RCS 
and Joh: R O Wallen. Chlslehursl and 
Sldcup CS and Chur D J watts. 
Harrow weald SFC and Std. W G 
Weaver. Boston Conun C- Wolver- 
hampton. and Corp: C A Whitfield, 
ponietand Co HS and Trtn: T S Wilde. 
Richmond upon Thames C and Trtn: 
M H wilding. Aylesbury GS and Job: 
J P Williams. Aylesbury GS and Qu: 
K N wooley. Leeds GS and Cta 

Class at r d Ash-web. Barton Peveni C 
and Jes: G J A It water. Taroortey Co 
HS and Qu; M H J Azzopordi. 
Mjktslone GS and Rob: S J Bartaiey. 
King's S. MacGesnddand Pem: A L 
Bautforth. Buchan S. tele of Man. and 
Oath: D A Bayltss. Chestnut! S and 
Qu: p Bemsieid. Haberdashers’ Askel 
Bovs S. Elstree. and Jes: N B Bird. 
Malvern and Joh: C J Blackford. S 
Lang! on Girts Sch and Newn: J D 
Bogucki. Q Elizabeth Comm C. 
credtton. and Pent. R c Boreham. W 
Ox on Tech C and Magd: R C Bower, 
uryam ton and Trui: L D Boyce. 
Wimbledon C and Joh: D Bramham. 
Chesterfield HS. Crosby, and Orion: 
G Brockbank. Sir w Turner SFC. 
Redcar. and New H: S C BroUierton. 
Lady Manners S. Bakewell. and Cal: J 
P Brown. Chantry HS. Ipswich, and 
Christ s, j n Bryant. ChNienham CS 

Albans S 

and Trln: J P Lowe. Chcnen mu s. 
Gkmcesier. and Emma: J P Lucas. 
Hampton S and Chxtsl's: H Uxk*. 
United world S of Atlantic and Chur: 
C J Luke. N Leamington S and S*d: N 
J Mactcay. St Peter's RC SCti. 
Bournemouth, nt Qp: R L H Mason. 
Sherborne and Qu: G P Middleton. P 
‘fenry's GS. OOey. and Chun M J C 
'orris, n London Coaegiate S and 
n: H M Murphy. Colchesier Co 
and Sid: P J Ports. Reeds S. 
im. and Job: S J Rankin. Tiffin 

S and Tr H: M J Richards. 

Mi&ftetd S and Trut: N M pounnsky. 
Exeter S and Cla: A S C Saicheu. 
Dulwich C and Trln: M A Seed. Q 
Elizabeth GS. Wakefield, and King's: J 
SherratL THTln Boys S ai^ Qu: R F 
V. Vale Univ and Cla: D J Shipp. 
Wordsworth S and Qu: R H 

and SM: C P Bull. Wollaston S. 
Wellingborough, and Emma: J M BuU. 
Sedbergh and Cofp: M Chopping. 

Slock port CS and ESthtio; A W 

Ctaringbold. Desoorougn S and Oath: 
J D Clarke. Woodlands Comp S. 
Derby, and Cal: S R Collins. Merchant 
Taylors S. Northwood. ^«d Trm: M F 
It 9> M 

Jes: M H Cooe. r - 


Reading, and Trtn; E j cox. Wycombe 
Abbey S and Newn: A M C Crawford. 
Eton and Magd: A C Cross. WeaiMd 
&. Sheffield, and Magd: D S Ctoul 
N ottingham H6 and Job: M T Duron. 
Btonoo Luffs c of E Comp s. 
Chichester, and FUzw: S M Dixon. 
Bancrofts s and Christ's: SJ Doorsoo. 
Canon Slade S and Qu. J D Draper. K 
Edward vi S. Louth, and. King's. H s 
Drewen. H Wycombe RCS and Pet T 
W Drummond. Perse Boys s and 
Trtn: A R Dues. SJ PauTsS. London, 
and Pet: A Dutl. Si Martin's Comp S. 
Caerphilly, and Jes: D J_ Edmonds. 
Farmers S. Glos. ana Chur: p j 
Eh lets. Downham Market HS SFC 
and Jes: J M El bod. Eton and Tr H; K 
J Fitch. Bancrofts s and Cai: P r. 
Forties. H Wycombe RGS and Qu: 
Ford. Wltan - 

enrtsi-s: CTI = 

and Jon; G R French. Arnold mu 
Comp S. Nolls, and Chur: A J Callear. 
J Pori S. Derby, and Emma: T j Gant. 
Friends S. Saffron Walden, and Rob: 
S D Gass. Porthcawi Co Comp S and 
Chur R A GosnaL Varndean SFC. 
Brtghlon. and Sid: S J Goldman. 
K must of il Co HS and Emma: J A 
Gooch. Full brook Co Sec S. 
Weyondge. and Girl on: A D Gray. 
Ipswich Sand Fltzw. M D Greenxlade. 
I land id toes HS. Powys, and Trln; J T 
A Cru fin. FarntxHough SFC and Tr 
H: J P Griffiths. Woking C and Cla: S 
J Ooetl. Bristol GS and Christ's: R J 
Haddow. Aylmbwy GS and Qu: O J 
Hale. Ormsfdrk GS and Joh: R K 5 
Hankln. Worsborough HS. BarmJey. 
and Tnn: P G Har court. M Hall Comp 
S. Hartow, and Emma: J A Hare. 
Barnard Castle S and Cat: A D Harley. 
S Balle S. Hertford, and Setw: R D 
Harper. N Chamberlain comp. Nunea- 
ton. and CU: L J Hartley. New C. 
Wellington, and Magd-. W J Hawkins. 
Lewes Priory S and Chur: F Heng. 
King's C Taunlon. and Gtrlon: J M 
HeskMh Prtchard. Brentwood S and 
Pemb: C G Hodson. H Wycombe RCS 
and TTln: R J Holmes. Lady Manners 
S. Bakeweu. and Qu: G J Hopkins. 
CvnnlKj Comp S. Brtdgend. and Joh. 
C Howe. Stockport CS and Tnn. C 
Humingford. Eagiesfieid S. London, 
and Hemel Hempstead S and Glrton: S 
J Innes. K Edward VI S. Norwich, 
and Co nr S D James. Gresham s S 
and Trln: S Jennaway. Abingdon S 
and Chur: B M Johnston. Wakefield 
Girls HS and Pel: C M Jones. Briilol 
GS and Tr H: C M Jones. J Ctei eland 
C. Lnrs. and King's: R S Kings wood. 
Heston S. Hounslow, and Jes. H S 
Lam be. St Paul's S and cal: S J Lane. 
Tonbridge Girts GS and Down: J G 
Lee. K Edward V) S. Laulh. and Cla: 
M G L Lee. Queers wood S. Hal new. 
and Qu; M J Lineman. Bedford Mod S 
and Jon: C A Lound. ECclesboume S 
and Chur A E Lovell. 6 Mary's C- 
Basingsloke. and FUzw: C M Lowe. 
Borougnmulr Sec S. Edinburgh, and 
CaUt: □ Lynch. Greenhlll S- Rochdale, 
and Jon. J A Lyne. Sir T Rich's S. 
Gloucester, and Down: A R Macfecd. 
Dulwirh C and Rob: A P Maguire. Q 


and Trln. P W H Marsland. Bradford 
Boj-s GS and Jes: K P Mauldndge. K 
Edward VI SFC. SJourtHidge. and 
Gtrion: J M McOougall. Westminster 
and Pemb: B P McCirune. Holy Cross 

HS. Hamilton. and F||zw: J 
M or kauris. Alhens C and Trln: W S 
-Mins, wtn Chester and Joh. J M 

M or oman. Ctaremont HS. Harrow, 
and Trtn: J W Monger. Dover Bow 
CSS and Chur: A M Moore. Harrogate 
OS and Newn: A J C Mom*. 
Merchant Taviors’ Sch. Northwood. 
and Joh: H F Morse. EnfleM Chase UP 
S and Qu: A R MuihollontL Norung- 
ham HS and Selw: J J On. 
Presbyterian Ladles' C, Victoria, and 
Joh. S M Obberg. wcsiminsrer and 
Fltzw; M S Owen. Bristol GS and . 
Tnn: J Pennington. Queen's S. 
Chester, and Chrtsrs. F R Penriycook. 
St Paul's and Trim D P D Piponi. 
Lalymer Up S and Trtn; S N Poole. 
Alleyns S and Fltzw: B R PmtrrlU. 
Sandy Up S and Fltzw. J M Redgrave. 
Abbey HS. ReddUrh. and Gin on; t P 
Renour. Reading Blue Coat S and 
King's: J D C Richardson. City of 
London S and Cla: S J Rippui. 
KanlooKhuie Oerlikon- Zurich, and 
GJrlon: M J RodwcHl. Heoingham S- 
Haletoadin- and Chrtsi's: P J Savage. 
Bancrofts S and Emma; N T Shaxson. 
Biyamion and Std: P Sinclair. Hao- 
mlaiheri Aske'v Boys Sch. Etetree. 
and Jes: C M Smith. E^giocidfe Como 
S. Stock Ion on Tees, and Rob: S U 
Smith. HaWrda&hees Askrt Bow Sch. 
Etetree. and Cla; c W I So. St Joseph s 
C. Hong Kong, and Rob: N Soar kes. 
Sandbach S and Glrton; R K Stevens. 
Holy Crow C. Bury, and King's: D T 
Sion. Frame C and SW. H J Sturt. 
Furze Plan Comp S. Berks, and Newn: 
P J Taylor. Brorkenhursl C and Trln; 

OichJa Como S. Swansea, and Trtn: C 
A Tong. Sir P Manwood's CS and Cal: 
c A Town ley. Gloucester HS and Joh. 
□ Turner. Waiinam Toll Bar S. 
CniTutiv. and Emma: CEE Tye. 
Sherborne and DownrA K Warn- 
wrigni. Merchant Taylorv s. 
North wood and Corp: H E Wells. 
Colchester Co HS and Fltzw: M D A 
Wheairrofi. Holland Park S and Corp: 
G R Whlley. Brecon HS and Cinon: P 
J White. St Dunstan's C and Joti:-R D 
Wright, b Wordsworth S and Rob. 

Class 3: C J Basson. Open Unlv and 
Glrton: A E Barren. Godaiming C and 
Pemb: N A Boston. Stockport GS and 
Joh: S C Britney. Tnnlty S. Croydon, 
and Selw: D P Budd. Lalymer to S 
and Trtn: J L Chambers. Stralhearn S. 
Belfast, and Pemb. P J P Chanty. 
King's S. Ely. and Cath: P R Coblcy. 
Worresier PCS and Tr H: J A Duke. 
Wallwgton Girls HS and New H P J 
Etelon. HaDerdastiers AakeS Boys S. 
Etetree. and Tttn. E M Gritt. EH ham C 
and Pel. A S Holt. Manchester CS and 
Joh. S A Hudson. Me hen C. Soumamo 
■on. and Chur: E J S Hughes. 
Ailnnrham Co GS and Rob S P 
Humphrvs. Nottingham HS and Selw : 
P J Klein. Sandon S. Chelmsford, and 
King s. S P Lew». King's S. W’orrev 
Itr. and Trtn. H C Mardell. KerxJnrk 
S. Reading, and Emma: C M MarsnalL 
Abbey S. Reading, and Jes; S J 
Milboume. N Kesleven S. Llm oin. and 
Pei; A A Minnas. Waingct's Copse S. 
Reading, and Down: J MitchcC. 
Gienlola Coliegiaie S. Bangor and Qu- 
J A Mowbray. Famoo rough SFC and 
King's: C F R«kt. Howell's S. 
Donbtqh. and Edward P C Greene. 
Oxford, and Pemb: D A Sailer. 
Trrlherras S. Newquay, and Magd. J 
M V Sharp. Nottingham HS and Pel. L 
E J Smvin Grosvenor HS. Belfast, 
and New H: S M Sweeney. Si 
Bartholomew's S. Newbury, and Tr 
H. S J Tai lor. Bradford Bovs CS and 
Pel. H w i tits. Holy Cross C. Bury, and 

Granted an allowance Inwards the 
ordinary BA degree: » A HedKy. 
Queen's 5. Chester, and Qa: P C 
Ouihwaile. Q Elizabeth SFC. Durham, 
and Chur: I R Turner- Altrincham Co 
GS and Rob: P F Weston. K Edward's 
S. Birmingham, and Trtn. 

Engineering Tripos Part 2 
Class 1 C J Atkin. Stonyhurst c and 
Joh: f R Clarke. Manchester CS and 

Rob. RPC Qdibn- Cheltenham C 
and Tr H: I R de Snoo •. Sir W 
Bortase* S and Christ's: A R Flack. 
Grosvenor HS. Belfast, and da: D J 
Foster. Wisbech CS and Emma; 8 M 
Fox. Hampton GS and Down: D W 
Cent. Laxlon S. Oundle. and Christ's. 
A C Goldfinch j Port S. Derby, and 
Pet: C W E Craham. Ballymena Acad 
and Chun N S Graham-Rack. St 
Albans S and Coro: P A Hales. Talbot 
Heath S and Tr H: M 8 A Hardy ■. 
Bury Bovs GS and Cal: W A C 
Hayward. Worthing SFC and Cal: A N 
Hurley. Seeford Hoad S and Cath: D E 
Jenkins. Klnfnlon CS and Emma: O A 
Jenkins. City of London Freemen's 
and TrH;FJ McCormick. Tap I on S. 
Sheffield, and Fltzw. C A McHuoh. 
Gum ley House Convent S. isdeworlh. 

and Kingston C of FE and New UKk 
Nam. Eton and King's: N J Owen. 
Chart era ouse and Chur: C D Plumb. 
Kingston CS and Cla: N R Price. 
Sutton HS for Girts and Newn: K 
Roussopoulos. Bryanston and Cath; C 
J Simmons. SI Dumaans and Joh: a P 
Smith. SI Albans S and Christ's: M K 
Smith. Manchester GS and Jes: D 
Stark. G Watson's C. Edinburgh, and 
Cain; J S Topping. O Elizabeth GS. 
Wakefield, and Cath; J M Trueman. K 
Edward Vtl Upper S. Mellon 
Mowbray, and Qa: D R Watson. 
Halley bury and Petti: R T Wncock. 
Ruthin S and Magd: J R Wilson. St 
Bees S and Jes. 

Class 1 dtvtslon 1: R M Ausnn. United 
world c m Atlantic and Emma: A J 
Bailey. Manchester CS and Trm: M E 
A Bartisley. Ctieadle HuimeSand Cla: 
T m Barry. Oundle and Jes. j S w 
Chao. St Peter's. York, and Job: B L 
Chew. A nolo- Chinese Jun C. Singa- 
pore. and Tnn. D P Clarke, st Albans 
S and Flizw; DPJ D-Sa. Kingston GS 
and Chur. K R Davies W1 redan ley SFC 
and Emma. P Davies. Llandovery C 
and Down'. J A Dawswetl. Hlghgaie S 
and Jes: P Dowson. Hltchin Bovs' S 
and Emma: S P Ekblom. Da vervain 
Foundation S. Loughlon. and Chur: K 
A Faranarson. SI John's S. 
Lealherhead. and Tr H. A R Findlay. 
SI Leonard's S. File, and Down. W 
Fiirpaintk. W Park HS. Birkenhead, 
and Fltzw: S G Fooei. Hamomn GS 
and Joh: I C Greenway. K Edward VI 
CS. Stratford upon Avon, and Emma: 
M R Croth. Si Albans S and Cla: S 
Cupia. Worcester Tech C and Chur P 
L Hanna. Sllverdare S. Sheffield, and 
Rob F J G Hey ev Ampluortn and 
Glrton. W F Hickson. K Henry VBI. 
Abergavenny, and Down. L K Hlley. 
Sir w Perkins S. Chertsey . and Tnn. J 
□ Hobson. SI Paul's and jps- D C 
Isaacs. St Bartholomew S. Newbury, 
and Sid C P Jenkins. Thomburv 
Castle S. Bristol, and Rod: D G 
Johnson. Coombe Dean S. Plyrrvouin. 
and Emma: H W R Jones. Cheadte 
Hulme S and Selw: B E Kneaie. 
Manchester CS and Joh: F M P 
Lauder. M Ersklne S. Edlnburab. and 
Sid- R V Loebl. Woodford Co HS. 
Essex, and Qu. a E Lunret. Si Paul's 
and Clrton. C I Macdonald. Merchant 
Taylors' Boys S. Crosby, and Qu. N J 
Marks. Rugby and Pemb. R H 
MrClean. Campbell C. Behan, and 
Sid. A McNiff. Bp Vaughan RC Comp 
S. Swansea, and Girion. C J Mills. SI 

Kenimem C. N Zealand, and Coro: J 
Mitchell. Banbndge Acad. Down, aiw 
Down: J D Morfev. Wymoodham C 
and Fltzw. M J Moss. Woodlands 
Comp S. Allestree. and Cain: S E M 
O'Keefe. Rodrlhfe and PH: J J 
Oxford. RMA Sandhurst and Pet H H 
Parker. Qieftennam and Pemb: A P 
Persians. English S. Nicosia, and 
Glrton: M A Phillips. Windsor and 
JOh. M J □ Phimps. Tulkeih HS. 
Preston, and W R Tuson c. Preston, 
and Rob: D J Pierce. Newcastle upon 
Tyne RCS and Job: M D Potts. 
Haberdashers Alike's Boys S. Etetree. 
and Qu: K M Punier. Bryanston and 
Std: P H G SavQte. Ashcombe s and 
Corp: B M Sham. St Paul's Qrte S and 
Newn: C M Shaw. Birkenhead S and 
Emma: A G Sides. Bo Mon S Boys Dlv 
and Emma. M Simons. Bancrofts and 
Emma: P L Sketcber. Wymoodham C 
and Qu: REE Smtih-Tonbrtdge S 
and Sid: S M Spearing. Sherborne and 
Glrton. G V Stuart. Stan boro ugh S. 
Welwyn Gdn Clly. and Glrton. T G 
Tan. Nat Junior C. Singapore, and 
Trln: A C Ttioien. Allrtnctvam Co CS 
for Boys and fuzw: s h TUmPdt 
Beauchamp C Oadhy. and Pemb: C J 
Tyler. Pales GS for Girls. Cheflen- 
nam. and Cta: D C D LWon. CoiesWU 
S. Birmingham, and King's: L K Wan. 
South moor. Sunderland, and Christ ft: 
B j walson. Klrkhanv GS. Preston, 
and Chur: K J F West. BramhaM HS. 
siockpon. and Tnn: J R while. 
Sudbury Lip S and Chur: p M wnghL 
SI Paul's and Job; h £ Wroe. Bury 
Convent S and Nelson and Colne C 
and Rob: A D Yass. Si Paul's and 

Ctau 2 tfhrt non ZPR BaaselL Nobel S. 
Stevenage, and Selw: S Beswlck. 
Newcastle under Lyme HS and Rob: I 
H Blake. Lewes Priory and Selw-. E M 
Blyth Lord williams Up S. Thame, 
and Chur: S G Cains. Wrlbeck C and 
Emma: M A Callaghan. Barnsley SFC 
and Rob: R F V Cho. Diocesan Girls. 
Flow Loon, and Rob: ACC GoiKSI. 
Harrow and Down: M J Comer. 
Manchester Gins HS and Newn: P D 
Coup Land. Gowrrton Comp S. Swan- 
sea. and Trln: P D Curry. Portsmouth 
CS and Oiur: KMT Dunleavy. 
Birkenhead HS and Joh: C CM 
Eastland. Malvern C and Selw- H S 
Elkin glory Calday Grange Co GS. W 
Kirby, and Cla: N M Fearer. Sir W 
Perkins S. Chertaey. and Emma: C I 
Florcnllnc. Lalymer Up S and Chur: J 
J Forbes. Campbell C. Belfast, and 
Rob; j F Fraser- Miirheii. Godoipbin 
and La tv mo r and CaUi: S J Gadd. 
Coventry S and Job: A J Gales. 
William Parker S. Hastings, and Tr H: 
N S Goddam. Windsor Boys S and 

Sid C E S Green. Wellington and 
Down: N A Hall. Lalymer Up S and 
Cla: R J Hawkins. Solihull S and Tr 
H: J S Hcnley-King. Burnham CS and 
da; A C Hoare. Burleigh Comm C. 
Loughborough, and King's; N C 
Hoare. don and Tnn: T C Hodgson. 
Martino Stroud, and RNC Dartmouth 
and Tr H: A D Hogg. Dame Allan's 
Girls. Newcastle upon Tyne, and 
Cath: R H Howarth. Newcastle upon 
Tyne RGS and jes A M Hynnca. St 
Bees S and Job: R D James. Oevedon 
Comp S and Down. R W Lambert. 
Guildford RCS and Magd: A J Lane. 
Wantage SF and Selw: C E Lawrence. 
Stamford S and Down. H c R 
Lawson. Lancing and Tt H. D J 
Magratn. Haberdashers Ashe's Boys 
S. ej slice, and cam: R E Maroons, w 
Ellis S and Pet: S A Marshall. King's 
Girts HS. Warwick, and Sid: U 
Maihur. Isieworth and Sjorr S and 
Fltzw: P McMahon. Card Langley HS. 
Manchester, and Emma: H L L Meaih 
Baker. Eton and Selw: C S Money. 
Stowe and Sid: S H O Mosa. 

Shrewsbury and Jes: M D Munrp. 
Dulwich and Trtn: J Noble. K 
Edward's S. Balh. and Rob: A Palce. 
Hereford Cain cS and Qu: A_ M 

T Rees, sunwcu Comp S. Penarth, 
and Rob: K C Rlaias. English S. 
Nicosia, and Cat: D J Ruiz. Ablngd 
S and Selw: R J Starr. Bov 
HS. Hltchin. and Emma: -- 
Stewart. Si Peter's S. York, and 
Chrtsi's: A C Strowbrtdge. Harvey 
CS. Folkestone, and Cal: J R 
Sufclutandan. Queen's C. Guyana, and 
Cal. A Tai. Mayfield C and Chun DP 
Toy lor, si Bartholomews S. 
Newbury, and Fltzw: j A Thompson. 
Hymen C Hull, and Jes: M J TpUilll. 
Teignmouth HS and Churr C K Y 
Tsang. Merchant Taylors S. 
North wood, and Magd: A M TUCher. 
Williams C. US. and Emma; C J 
Warner. Caiurch HS. Newcastle upon 
Tyne, and Trtn: C K Watson. 
Cult he hi HS. Warrington, and Newn: 
P l Webb. Derby C ofFE and Trln. J 
Willey. Gresham's and St Andrew's 
Tut centre. Cambridge, and Rob: R J 
Wilbers. Hlghgate and Tnn. 

Class S S An l ocl. Rugby and Ginon: J 
L T Boolh-CUbbom. 51 Albans S and 
jes-. j C Bower. The Levs. Cambridge, 
and pemb: S M Briscoe. Wolver- 
hampton GS and Pemb: I R Cramp. 
Loughborough Tech C and Job: P A 
Gumming, h William's C. tele of Man. 
and Emma; a J Cutiertdge. Hulme GS 
and jes: S C Dovener. Sedhergh and 
Magd: I M Green. GutbHord Co and 
Joh. L. I Horthy. Mtuncid and Magd. I 
NKtiotson. Birkenhead and Selw; N J 
M Patrick. Harrow and Trln: R M 
Payn. Kino's. Canterbury, and Cal: C 
M Pierce, Queen's park KS, Chester, 
and Flizw: j c Pocock. Brocken hurst 
C and Emma: J M Prentice. Wantage 
SFC and cam: Y D Pyndian. O 
Elizabeth C. MaurtUus. ana Ginon. T 
E Robnuki. Si Paul's and Pel: N R L 
siokoe. Newcastle under Lyme S and 

Cranled an aflowance towards the 
ordinary BA degree: R Spear. R Hale. 
Hertford and Qu. 

The following, who are not can inflates 
for honours, have been granted an 
allowance towards we ordinary BA 
degree: C 1 Gfbriiy. Oratory b. 
Reading, and Glrton: I R WhlMey. 
Thirsk S and Pemb: A P Williams. K 
George V SFC. Southport, and Pel 
The Archibald Denny Prize tn the 
Theory or Structures te awarded to D 
E Jenkins. Kingston GS and Emma. 
The Civ If Engineers Baker prizes are 
awarded lo I R de Snoo. Sir W 
Bo rl .tec's, and Chrtsi's. □ w Genl. 
Laxlon S. Oundle. and Chrtsi's: A C 
Goldfinch. J Pon S. Derby, and Pet. 
The Civil Engineers Roacoe Pnw fw 
Soli Mechanics te awarded lo R T 
WiKock. Ruthin S and Magd. 

The Institution of Civil Engineers 
Prize for Management Studn» te 
awarded lo K K Main. Eton and 

The Sir George Nelson Prize In 
Applied Mechanics te awarded lo M S 
A Hardy. Bury GS and Cal. 

The Ricardo Prize In Thermodynam- 
ics is awarded touitty lo w A C 
Hayward. Worthing SFC and Cai. and 
N J Owen. Charterhouse and Chur. 
The Royal AeronautfcaJ Society Prize 
in Aeronautics and Ihe Morten 
Morgan Pre* are both awarded 
ro Lolly lo C J A i> In. Slonyhurst and 
Joh. and I R Clarke. Manchester GS 
and Rob. 



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ATTERS E S Gudron 
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TKTS Recidred 
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ird personal com- 
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ires tickets for 
uty Please Reply 


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it Mirrors. 
Desks. Bookcase elr A Prc 1940 
furnMurr Tel. 01-586 0148 or 
01-228 2716 day or nigM 
WMBIESOH We guarantee lo 
pay (op prices for centre cowl 
seals. Phone Robin Richardson 
on OL 536 2630. 

ED Centre court or No l. Any 
day. Ol 439 0300. 

Mrdon. Too prices. Phone u 
tasL 821 6616 828 0496. 

wanted. Centres. No IV Best 
prices paid. OI 839 6233. 

bo ugh I . Top prices paid, we col- 
lect COD 01 701 8283- 
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01-582 9264 or 01 587 1096 
wanted lor large package com- 
pany. OI 437 5078. 
lor biography, history of com- 
pany. society efr .Reply Do* A 86 
MASONIC RE8ALIA and all other 
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MMUMH - lop prices I or Cen- 
tre Court seats. Ring OX B36 

Nus debentures Ateo Oynde 
Oournc.Best pnces.OI 2250837 
Ton prices paid. COD w collect 
OI 703 5089 / 0M36 590922 
We COIIert. 01 960 6336. Mar 
gan Tickets. EWiam. 
WIMBLEDON best seals bought 
Trt 0325 643178 or. 0836 

WW4M mow an befcris wanted, 
not lor resale. Best prices paid 
01-930 4536 


Kins STUFF. VKS video Mover. 
Cl 89 Tops. 91 Lower SMane 
SI.. SWl 730 0933. 

Mild English Oak dimer Wai 
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gllsh Oak 6fl refectory labte. 
was £825. now £620. solid En- 
glish Oak Stonehenge burfrt- 
was cioas now C783. Details 
of other clearance items on re 
guest Neillebed. near Heniear 
o n TM ma i049i.i 6411 16 

FINEST Quality wool rarpete- At 
trade prices and under, ateo 
available 1003 extra. Large 
room size remnants under half 
normal price Chancery Carpets 
01 406 0453 
HE TONES 1796- L 
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Starlight Exp. Cbees. Les MB 
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Tel: 821-6616 8260496. 

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ALL TICKETS Wimbledon. Les 
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BIRTHDAY DUE 7 Give someone 
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da led the very day they were 
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Do95. 01 699 5411. 

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HtMBLCDOH Lick Ms. Good seals 
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dnlpD natural only £396 
per sg yd * VAT. Wool rate 
Berber carpet* Mm wide 

Hessian narked £4.35 per a 
vtl + VAT. White SWrtn lasL 
255 New One* End 
Punas Greed, SW6 

Tefc 01-731-2588 

Free estimates 
. Expert fHong. 



F murines, animals, rtc. want 
ed. Ol 883 0024. 




adtuvlable stool worth £80 sup- 
pHed with any piano over £800 
purchased durtng June. Phone 
free catNogue. 30A Hlghgaie 
Rd. NWS. Ol 267 767!. 

and recondilionM Quality al 
reasonable prices 326 Bnghion 
Rd . S.Croydon 01688 3513 


and srooM 1 18-40 age group) 
Tel 01-373 1666. 


sh Heart Foundation 

.eart research charity- 

cucester Place, 
cnWIH 4DH. 

NEAR ALTON, Kampsbirr 3 bed 
room retreat in the bean of llw 

Hampsmre counrryvide tn the 
grounds of beaulilul uolrtey 
Home. Unusual Victorian Folly. 
Fully modernised, imerlcr 
signed and beautifully 
furntehM. 2 3 bedroom*. 2-3 
reception rooms. 2 bathrooms, 
luxury 111 men. Full i»e of gar 
dens, swimming pool and Mints 
«NIR £300 pw Long trt. Ol 
486 5981. 


CAMDEN SO. IOFFV. Cbmlortabte 
family house Totally cguisoed 
and beautifully fumtehed. pr« 
ly wrden. Sh» 5/6. 2 recep. 
kll. tuning room. 2 Paths II en 
sutler a nesting room . A vatf 
20fh Jul ■ end Aug £226 pw 
negotiable. Tel: 01 485 6625. 

NS Beautiful 
2 bed modernised Vlrtortan 
Terrace tne Quirt street. 10 
mins West End Only £160 p w 
July- Sep*. Ol 226 1844 
kings RD Chelsea Spacious l 
bedrm n». 2nd floor with trn. 
Newly dec A I urn Nr Sloane 
Eg.CoM only £210 pw. Trt- 
Ol 684 9919 

NWL I bedroom flai- comfort 
able reception room and wen 
filled kilchen £185 p w 
Teletvone Jennifer Dean Lenina 
A Management 01-727 1788. 
FULMAlL Outstanding fully 
romped 3 double pedroomed 
DOW. £325 pw. Ol 736 1636. 
central London from £326 pw 
Ring Town Hte Anil 373 3433 
RCCOCYS PARK small flat suu 
ginet couple £135 pw. Tei 
06956 38049 


Kensington, cm rv 24hr wm. 
tlx. Coflingham Apts 373 6306. 
ST JAMES SWl. Luxury 2 bed 
folly funusned serviced om nr 
park. 01 373 6306 <T> 

SW20 Lux Of 3 bed hoe. £150 
pw. 6 ninth hoi or Co Let 
Tel 01-643 6901 



Prof F. N,-S. O R in V comfort- 
able flat. £180.00 POP ad. Tel 
Ol 381 6132 rafter 700 pm>. 

lux flai close tube. £46 pw ml. 
Tel 675 1804 after 6.20pm 


AVE W14 2nd 

M IF share Lux Flat in bnpreg- 
uve virtartaa Mansion BJk. 
Close High SI Ken. Own Dbie 
Bdrrrc £60 pw End. Trt: Ol- 
602-4761 Alter 7 p.m. 
rmx VEMCE Prof person 
seeks similar to snare very spa- 
cious and comfortable flat with 
access to superb communal gar- 
dens £250 om exei. Tel- 01- 

.. .... Prof m.r 2 bed 

room a van in smart 4 bed hse. 
£37 pw IMt rates. lO mins 
Tune. All famines. 720 3492 
after 12.00 noon. 

CLAFHAM beautiful garden fUL 
Oom- lube. Double room £65 
p w. Single £36 p w. excl. Tel: 
437 4683 Ext 213 office/ 627 
4467 home 

SW2. Tube HUI. Double room 
available far prof F N-S. In 
medic's comfort able HaL CUy 
16nuns.BR .£150 pm- 01 674 
8179 idM Spmr 
CWS MM CM Third per. M 25 ♦. 

S'. S. share comfortable modern 

house, garden. £175.00 pem 
Inc. Trt Ol 747 4780. 
Share house, very lane O/R 
Slagle £50 pw. As double £70 
pw Prai only 226 WS1. 
now lor Mr mixed lux hoe Own 
rooms, oil amenities. £44 pw. 
Tel: Frt alter 7pm Ol 265 0693 
DULWICH 6 nuns BR to 
CUV' Victoria. O/r Is mixed 
use. Prof M. n.'s. £(2Spcm 
Trt. 01-761 2406 after 630 bth 
FLATMATES Selective Shortng 
Wen eolab Introductory service. 

Mse lei lor aooL 01-689 6491. 
3(3 Bnnuwon Hoad. SW3 
luxury house. O.R. fO amenf- 
Ifcs. £2(0 OO pem fnc£ Tel OI- 
883 9998. 

KEMSNfaTDN prof m far lux. 
mod. etadm fbL s.c unit in pe- 
riod Mock. Nr tube. mom. 
Cl SO pem. me- 01 602 8463. 
mated fit. Gdn. £33 BO pwk Inc 
TeL 222 4343 ext 338 «IAy<. 
731 6506 levm 

SWl prof in < f id surendwd H2L 
Own roam. CIBO pon rsl 
Phone 01434 6003 after 


to snare dehgfiHul flai with gar- 
den view £60 pw loci rates. 
Td 01 320 2348 
WAPFBW CS ETeganl ft 2/3 bed 
Me in new develop l . 2 reoeps- 
2 Dana. Basement parking. 
CCKC16GPW. Trt-oi 6938615 
BARONS CRT. O/R In Me hse 
Iran end Jidy.N/S. £iT6 pan 
Inc. Tel: 70s 6695 reek 

CLAPHAM STM: Prof M. F for 

0 R in shared Hse. £126 pan 
EXil Tel 01 673 6848 

Lge sunny o r in lux Mr. C b. nr 
tube £185 pem tie 274 1072. 
FEMALE SHARE room In rosy 
flat in Ovetaco £140. Per 
month. Tel 01 584 7248 
HAMPTON: S .-Fern. N S. ROY. 
Cray going. O R. CIIS Pern 
TO Reis. Ol 979 0672 Martin 
paying guest sought by English 
lady. Reply to BOX A77. 

MON — FM NS. Qnr Qtv M F. 
N S O R Lux mate £40 pw 
tncl 01-241 6037 after 6pm 
REGENTS PARK. Prof F shr lux 
flat O r £55 p.w. 01722 
2639 eves. 

SWS. k? - F. N. S. O R In romlorl 
able nalshrv nr lube. £60 pw 
me! 01835 1120 
EW2 Young preri m/I to share 
flat O/R. aD amenities. £170 
pem excl 01-831 7765 
SW17 Prof m/I. n/%. o/r to 
share house. £30 pw incl. Trt 

01 -628-4272 exm 252 
UPTON PH 20 mm. Bank SIP F. 

n V attract o rV £1(0 A £122 
PM NO BUIS. Mike 470 0220 

overseas TRAVEL 


For low cost fbgnta 
Trt 01-930 2566 

35 Whitehall. SWl 

ABTA 3483X 

1 CALL For some oithe best deaK 
on Ills, villas- apis. hUs and car 
hire Trt London Ol 636 5000 
Manchester 061 832 2000. Ah 
Travel Advisory Bureau. 

ly beach hole!. £199 May 6 
June Inc 111 . H.'B. free 

w sports 01 737 28l6f24hrsi 
Ot 326 1005 


flights eg. Rio £485. uma 
£486 rfn. Abo SmaU Group 
Holiday Joumeys.iog Peru 
from £3601 JLA Ol 747 3108 

L’SA. S America. Mid and Far 
E>isl. S Africa. Tray vale, 4B 
Margaret Street. Wl Ol 680 
2928 iVna Accepredi 



27 JmE 58 


27 JaeZ3S 


28 Jsae £S9 


29 Juh £99 


29 Jam £89 


29 Jim £99 


29 Jmm £79 


39 Jam £99 


01 486 9356 

. . ATOU 152* 

*★* SAVE EEC's *★* 

★ ★1ST CLASS«* 

* SYDHfcr 

* H0MRT 



* iUI 

a &M6F0X 


* uuasi 


* l UHLS 



* Mfifiouac * 

* BK&MNf * 

* WCLWOf a 

* S MMCA * 
★WEUW5T0* * 
*FT M«SBY * 
% TWfP * 


* BAI6MM tr 

* Mficei * 

* hakiu% a 


* MIAMI * 


a USA a USA * USA a USA a 

Trier ’4hb7 


Fly Savely 

Jaw PI as £uiy Jaly 












From Gil. 

B'Wwi M/C ft UAZt 

01-995 3883/4/5 
Son ply Fly 
ATOL 1922 



Franktol CBO lA/Sf C365 
logos CHO Mtans CSS 
kSm £325 S £420 
Jotxrg C4C0 Bangkok £333 
Caro C?05 PUtmandv £440 
Ort/Bom £335 Rangoon £350 
Hong Kong £510 CafcMta £425 
Rmh CKI 
2i MEN *l late Wl 



Nairobi. Jo'Borg. Cairo. Data. 
IsunbuL Sh^aporc. KJ. Delhi, 
ppn^ifnfc, Hoag Koag. Sydney. 
Europe, k Tbe Assroas. 
Fl amiagB l>a«eL 
76 Sfc ifte rttry Arena* 
Laad on WlV 7 DC. 
01-439 0102 
Qpea Samcdxj JQJW-I3A0 

a week rrtaxlrig al our private 
beach hotel, then a week cran- 
ing on our yachl for £350. inr 
flt. H B. tree w Apart*. . |wk 3 
other comblnallon> pos* Abo 
flte only fr £99. Ol 336 1005 


Las) mlnuie hondayv from 1 wk 
£149 2ulu £179 Flighu from 
£99 >09231 7712601 24 hrvi 

TlnHVeay HoUtWI 

ABTA ATOL 1107. 

COSTCUTTERS ON flighu hob 
lo Europe, lisa A mosl deguia 
train. Dlplomal Travel 01-730 
2201 . ABTA 1ATA ATOL. 

CHEAP FUOKTE Europe World 
Witte, cm Edge TraveL ABTA 
Ol 839 3033 Ring Angie 

Fite A Hois Ex oik teiri 
LunarsrapeOl 441 012224 hn 

USA fr CHS Single. £210 rtn 
High Season Tares Malor Irav 
rt 01 485 9237 IATA 


Benz Travel Trt 01 38S 641* 

Haymarkef 01 930 1366 


L 1 T.C Open Sal. 0753 867035 

01-43* 073* Juptiec Travel. 

SPAIN. Portugal Cheapest fares 
Biggies 01 735 8191 ATOL 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled flighty 
01 72* 2388 ABTA ATOL Ihe well appoint 
ed EU HOTEL in secluded Bay 
ol SARTAJeaao. only 7 mites 
irom Ihr rteganl inienuiional 
resort Of TAORMINA Price 
mrl 7 nigh Is lull board m iwm 
room, rrtum dayume Goiwick 
His every Tuesday from ! July, 
port 6 private peach, iransiers 
A airport lax No hidden r Kir as 
SICILIAN S«.:N LTD 01 2 22 
7452 ABTA ATOL 1907 
USA. Families low coM lares 1 
rtuld 199 rtn California ere we 

help you plan A hook all vour 
needs Our unique Sfrert Plans 
main li easy & fun Write Hold 
en Travel Lid. London. Swb 
2LG or 01 582 68C-I ABTA 
WORLD WIDE Fhghte soma! King 
In FI rsl. Club. Eronomi lo A us 
iraH*. Far East. S. Afrira. L’SA. 
Lhaon Faro. Geneva. SPE- 
Travel Cenlre 01-656 7025 

o w £395 nn £645. Auckland 
p.w £420 rtn £774. Johurg 
o w £306 rtn £470 Lov Ange 
bo w £ 1 92 rtn £380 London 
FUNK Centre 01-370 6332 
New York C249 L A £329 To- 
ronto £229 JTHirg £4(9 
Nairobi £309 Sydney £t»39 
Auckland £749. Darlair 130 
Jermyn SI reel 01 839 7144 
MENORCA. Tenertfr. Greek Iv 
lands Algarve Villas ApW 
Pensions Tavcrna*. HoUdavv. 
Fhghte Brochures Booilnos. 
Veniura Holidays Tel 0742 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

■ Fast, expert, high-tech 
service • Free worldwide 
hotel a car hire pass 
• im to 60% discounts 
Open 9-6 Mon -Sat 

Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map & Book Shop 

'lfc’5il»F*S nlrarrt 

42*48 Earls Court Hoad 
London W8 6EJ 
Long* Haul 01*603 1515 
Eurape/USA CM-S37 5400 
1 st/BusIness 01*938 3444 




Cm o 

angle retom 
Ofa M55 

taro rxs 

[130 £200 

UgK £2B £335 

53/Bom £230 [3« 

BjvUA £195 £320 

[Uab £420 

Ain Asba Treni Ltd 
IfZ/iU Begot SL HI 
THj 0V437 SJa/WW 
LM & 6tuo Bodov. Wfame 


Allans £B» C6rtu rtS 

Greece CC3 Rhodes 

Sbera rue upege £69 

ai emu £79 Painu £59 

Uma US Mahan £59 

Cmnes £89 Portugal £79 

Verves £89 MHen £89 

PBe C89 BBwgnf £W 

Ann £89 Rome £89 

Nepfee £99 Vanne Fin 

£99 BaresonB £89 


i Herat a 


HEW tow FUB W0LfajWI« 
Ahdan [400 Dubs £370 

HeMowi £400 luantul f>» 

Lagn £340 JvSStii |«0 

Mnmli («0 K**tn CTO 

Annun £260 UtrSio £«*5 

Oaigiak U50 Kim 

BoniW NYock 

C*o £215 5eoM 

Cetanbo OX Sri'Ne* 

DSKIB £270 Tokyo £570 



N' YORK MUiml LA Chropesl 
fares on marar UJ> schrdulro 
rumen Ahra iranwilanUr 
charters a fl rants to Canada. Ot 
584 7371 ABTA 
ROUND WORLD £7QS iron Club 
fr £1599 Flrel fr £2055. Svd 
hey fr £659 n n Catumbin 
Cullen Gardens. iODevonsbirr 
Sguare. EC2 Ot 929 a?5t 
European deslinalrans tnriu 
slve hotidavs SanTonnt 
Corfu Sunfrahi Holidays- cu 
jot 21 87. ATOL 2109 
pi-an dniiru'iarts. Vatexondci 
01 402 4262 0052 ABTA 

btOCU ATOL i960 
Jamaica N York. Toronto 
Alnca. India. Far East 01 737 
2162.0659 ABTA. 

Vworldwtdc cheapest fares 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke bl 
Richmond ABTA Ol 940 40 
TUNISIA For thal pertrrl holiday 
with sunny days A rarefrer nls 
Ideal Spnng Summer. Tunislar 
Train 01 573 4411 
Club and First BESTFARE OI 
394 lera2. Alof 1400 
ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga rtc 
Dim ond Travel ATOL 1783 
Ol set 4641. Horsham 6B54I 
AUSSIE. N Z ■ South Ainca 
ISA. Hong V. omj. Bert Fares 
Ol -493 7775 ABT4 
DISCOUNTS ivi/Ercwmmy lick 
els Try us loti FUGHT 
BOOKERS 01 387 9100 
ECUADOR TRAVEL .pcrialBls in 
Latin America & Europe au 
laics. Trt Ol 437 7534 ABTA. 
Flights Fa Id or 01 471 0047 
ATOL 1040 Artcvs VKa. 

STD MEL col 8 Perth £545 AU 
mjwr ranters n> ALS N3 Ol 
584 7371 ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA JotHirg . irom 
£.465. Ol 584 7371 ABTA 


CRUISE Twite* 12 berth rrrwyg 
motor sartii ? wws It 1466 cv 
I IK ill*. Whole b"ul avalUbk* 
other weeks irom Cl POD Frer 
W sport?, h b. OI 326 1006 
Alol 2091 


TAKE TRUE OFF lo Parts. Am- 
sterdam Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva Berne. Lair^nne. The 
Home. Dublin. Romm. Bou- 
logne 6 Dieppe Time 011 2a. 
Chester Clow. London. SWl.Y 
7 BO Ot 235 8070 




We can always supply a firs das: 
wife, even atthe usi mut we 
Haw pmbabiy me ima sdscixn 
in me Methenanean. on Cortu. 
Grele. Pams. Aip»ve. South ot 
France. Haty • on me beacii or with 

K il. All Haw mpd. some a cook. 

as? From Ihe rerv enpenswlo 
the surprisingly modes!' 


CV TRAm ro 
43 Cxtama Rod 
UradsaSW3 ZPR 
01*581 8851 / 01-581 BB3 
p89 • 24 






Vkhs 4 So m gp t? wh mob pke 
lowrus mude iMupiai nr seasen 
By ictetoirt ft cnaw IbgBB Irnoi 
CM (tow 

01-389 7070 Br 



AHA 1772 

MALLORCA Puerto Audrain 
pm («*w« villa 6 mini, YacW 
Club A beach Superb gdn A 
views. 3 dole bedrnu. 2 baths, 
fully equip for 6 Avail mid- 
July lo end Sert From £350 
pw 0433 90870 


men l nr Las Americas. Sus o. 

Available now £136 pw. video 
available 02740 76*56 



HLRUCL Mortarrt. French Alps 
Large, new 2 floor apartment • 
lounoe. 3 Ink. kilchen. 2 baths 
July September. C25O-C350 
per week Tel. lOII 6058736 
eves. •* 


Sn. Villas, avail July A August 

Eurov 1 1 lav 0376 61 1 56 


IP Aug coil sip 6 6. Auvenme 
iier avail 19-27 July super new 
qlle Mb 3 6. BUimglan Travel. 
«732 46066b. Ante. 
PROVENCE. Charming cortege in 
olive gi Pie between Grasse and 
Cannes [J eeps 4 5. available 
1st - 31M August. £300 pw. 
Phone: 01 238 7486. 
jULY/AIML Bniuny- Dor dowse 
•jveiac A rural coiuges fr umps 
lulte as L7BP.W. 1 022b i 

337477 335701- 



KARTATTfOG. w e still hai e avail 
abliltv UvoudmuI summer 
season io Hotel A I la ruts, a 
irirndlv B B hole! on into 
urtspcsll island. iU923i 771266 
Tuns way Hofldays. 

A0TA. ATOL 1107 




Very wel timfslwd fiats and 
houses. Most with fiver 
views, aH with oelcony or 
garden. Easy access Chel- 
sea 8 Soum Ken. Quietly 
sduated. Easy parking. Rt- 
tsd kitchens. 2-3 beds. 1-2 
battis. £230- £400 pw. 
CMnu Older. 

BM89 5211 

Delightful light and airy flai in 
charmng USted Georgian 
Square in Bamsbury con- 
sarvation area. 2 be dr oo ms , 
double reception room, new 
kitchen and bathroom. £225 

LUs Vodka Office 
61-285 4856 





Lrtling & Manogrmrnl 


ed in pnvole Crevenl. Clow 
lube vfranv Onnmon Newly 
fum A itec 2 bed nunnnclle 
Wiinpalto Cblrt.tS^Sow mg 
Trt J W Ud Ol 949 2*82 

WRIGHTS LAIC. WB- Srtrelior. 
rt flap available frt C o lets, 
new ronverMuiv* from £150 
ow PIpbp ccnurl Suranne 
Conway- al Sauraler. ui Ken 
oitoion on 581 3623 

F.W.GAPP ■ Management Ser 
« irw Ltd require properties in 
reniraJ south ana west London 
areas lor waiting appIKanb. 01- 
221 bB3fl 

Kensington. Fully serviced flat 
i or 2. Lifl Phone Col TV CH 
etc Ol 78b 4281 58* 2414. 

RICHMOND KEW a pads. mod. 
film lown h»e Nr lilhc. K'ew 
g<ln* £295 pw Ol 947 !Soo 


rurreruly seeking good Quality orcomnioiteljon In 
iniiral London for wailing 
ruiupanv lenanl* 01-937 9681 
003 WICK ypnnoiB mod l h by 
Piver. 2 cfble A 2 sg*** bed*. 2 
ham. retvbl. din room ff kll. 
9dn. gge. £277 pw Whitman 
Pwler 01 994 9446 
CLAPHAM Subslamul 4 Bed 
family how Suit 5 sharers 
with long Co in ar £45pw each 
i£225pw> Buchanans 351 

ELEGANT 2nd flr flat in conver 
yon. 3 beds, recep k I It gas 
CH £250 P*v Co Irt Overseas 
only Greene ft Co 01 *25 
861 1 

w nlnp ra wio Studio Dalle!, l 
clean quid room plus own k A 
b Fully equipped, col TV', ideal 

executive couple. £Tppw Trt 

01 960 1222 

LITTLE VENICE W9. 2 living 
roomy. 2 bedrooms. 2 oalh 
rooms. modern (lichen 
Beaulilully furnished. £275 
pw Trt: Ol 623 4600 cxl 362 
MAID A VALE Luxury furnished 

2 bed appl. designer 
(lichen dining, large lounge, 
porterage Avail 3 6 months 
£250 p w. Tel DI 289 4402 

NWJ. v urae Rat in r 6 block, 
close transport 4 beds, dble 
recep. Ml & 2 baths £250 pw 
wg. Co lei only Greene e» Co. 
Ol 625 Boll 

WAPPMC. Bin flr brand new spa- 
cious l bedim flai I urn lo a 
very hlgn standard £1.000 pm 
Co's only Con Lon Lyn Mer- 
edllh on 0268 684325. 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats A 
houses Chelsea. RniQhtsbrtdge 
Belgravia. £200£2.000p*v. 
Tel Burpess 581 5136. 
LOOMNS for ihe best rial, du 
plex house in London? 
£100 lOOOpw Call 589 5481. 
Conioci Richard or MirV-Davi< 
W colic A Ob 402 7301. 


TasteMly ithstuheQ DM dose 
Mr 2 beds, lge recto. KtB. 
Comm gdns. £180 pw. Co. Id 


New town house overtaking Cl- 
nal 2 beds 1 mrap. 1h baths 
FuBv in liL C.K Good quality new 
livnslwtgs C2D0 pw. Co. tei. 
270 £ort» Cart flow. SWS 9 *F 


Sun worshippers delight. This superb apartment situ- 
ated on the top floor of an immaculate conversion. 
Private Balcony and use of large communal Gardena. 
3 Bedrooms (2d. is) 2 Bathrooms (t en-surte). recep- 
tion with Dining Area. Fitted Kitchen & UtUtty Room. 
Highly recommended. Available now for a minimum of 
6 months. £350.00 pw. Neg. 

A superb family apartment arranged on the 2nd & 3rd 
floors of a stucco fronted house. TradtionaDy fur- 
nished and decorated throughout with 4 bedrooms 
(3d. is) Bathroom Shower Room, Reception Room 
with Dining Area, Eat-m-Kitchen with appliances. 



£350.00 pw. Neg. 

HOLLAND PARK W1X in atlrat 
III e quirt tul-je sic. Fidtv 
furnished, newly boil r mar. 
Lge ui with bakony. ui diner. 
2 5 beds. .Jmlnurm. 2 bains, 
eo Irt 12 yes pr« Musi lei 
soonesl Besi of ires in region of 
£300 pw 01 409 2299. W. 01 
cOS 5461. H 

DOCKLANDS Extensive ranae Of 
pinperlies lo lei wiinin walking 
dislauep rt ihe Cilv SHJdlos. 2 
B-xl Hals. 3 4 Bed Houses, some 
will, River vires Rents Irum 
C12O0U Cannon Smllh A Co 
01-188 9017. 

available lor long of short tel m 
Kensiiralon 3 Bros 2 Balhs 
Fully ■ uteri Kuril in immaculate 
rondihon £500pw for long tel 
LbOThwi (hnrt tel. Contort Ma- 
ria on Ol -“38 3755 lor viewing 

BE HR » BUTCHOFF for luxury 
properties n, si John*. Wood. Re 
ervte Park. Mania Vale. Swiss 
Ccai A Hampstead 01 -58o 7561 
DOCKLANDS. Houses and rubv 
ihrouoheul Ihf dock lands area 
lo tel. [mrklands Properly Cen- 
tre 01 488 4852. 

FULHAM. Close lo Park Superb 
mound floor flat. 2 beds, rrrrp. 
kvl. bathroom, odn LI 40 pw. 
Sullivan Thomas 731 1333. 
GROSVENOR SO. Wt. A superb 
selection ol 1.28 3 bed rials ui 
rnurhshed block 3 mtrlhs + 
Ful l dera il* WTP 935 9612 
HAMPSTEAD unique cottage 
with garden Lounge, double 
bedroom K ft b.CH. Wm. £160 
pw. Tel:0I 455 5769 
lorUMy furnished l bedroom. 
S C flat £500 pem. Available 
l si July. 01-229 7347. 
riveerlul flat Peter Ions lur 
mshed 2 beds, reception k and 
B £14Spw CM 01 581 4103. 
Sunny 2 Bed (Ml. Recep. k&B 
All amenilies. Co lei £SCOpw 

REGENTS PARK Harley House, 
l-nluro 4 Beds 2 Baths. 2 
Recep. Cloakroom. L‘iuiu 

Room. Kit Rent £10.750pa 
Lease CiC for sale 499 9981 
or Eves 0 7 O 4703 
pw. Prrily studio Ideal pied-a- 
lerre. suit 1 or couple. Long lei 
Hunter & Op 837 7365 
SWl Mosl allrarlrve Mats wflh 
own enlranre. 2 beds. Bee. lge 
lerr. C H phone. £I7S pw 
Tel 01 83a 0178 
937 9681 The number lo remem 
bvr when seeking besi rental 
properties in tcnlral and prime 
London areas £160 - £2 0OO|>w 
VTSTTWa LONDON? Allen Bali-s 
A Co have a selection of flais 
available lor honoay Ids from 
£250pw . 499 1665 
WEST END. lux a bed flai 
Short Long IM From L295pw 
Others avail 61 491 7546 <T» 

■ 81 58830884/6, ST. ANNTS TBWACC, N.WJ. TELEX 299388 55 


Lane * Bed family jpanmem m 
mnp ol naqnhceni aardy home 
f leganl tkawmg Rm anli >ai rcacn- 
pg views fifty auppsl Kd_ Dming 
Room. Study. * Beds. 2 Baths. Ful 
ibc d fidhs. Pwk. Term Coun & 
SMnmng Pool E2DQpw. Lonfl U. 


01-486 S»1 

flai nr lube and lycee. wiih 2 

dble beds, double q Lazing, recep- 
iioii wiih full length bay 
window, kilrhen. w dryer 
bolh. resident porter, \idec* en 
irv phone. Co Id £260 pw- 
Also l bed ai £150 pw. Co l«. 
Cinddard A Smith 01930 

SWl HOUSE. 4 beds. 2 rereps. Ui 
and 2 balh* £300 pw Co let. 
Pods Galore. 01 828 3031. 

KEMMNCTON SWB Quiet 2 bed 
■ I dblitlal. Exiellenl rortd. well 
fumr-hed 3 nuns Oral lube. 
£120 pw. .02701 2*887 eve* 

MAYFAIR. Wl Lux S C Hal. 2 
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equipped From £225pw 
Shi I nQ lei. 01-493 7830 

CHELSEA An unusually bngni 
inferior designed lowphouse 5 
mins irom sioane SQuare lube 
with 1st floor Drawing Room. 
CHnlnq room, kilchen Master 
Bedrm Suite. 2 Further Bed.* A 
B.ilh InleqraJ Garage. £J7Spw- 
Long lei Philip Andrews 01- 
486 5991 

lux flat* house* £200 ■ tlCOO 

p wr usual fees req Phillips 
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rniHsea Oflice. 01-352 8111 or 
North of ihe Pack. Regent's 
Park office. Ol 586 9882. 
BRAND PEW A newly refur 
fgshed flats available in Central 
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RECENCY nuisooene. lulls fur- 
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overlooking garden, adikcenl 
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balhs all modern eaiupmem 
and enrport £180 p.w. Tel. Ol 
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well furnished 3 Bed api in ex- 
cel block Huge Dote Recep. 
Bale. US Kll. G9r. Ideal for en 
tertainino at senior level 
£325pw. Ascot Properties *86 

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malaonrtle. 1 2 recepv. 2 balhs. 
Basement Parking GCH £165 
per week. Tel 01 693 8615 
WAPPMC £2t» pw Brand new 
niavsoneile 2 bedims Sun cou- 
ple or sharers. Ideal lor diy Co 
let. Hunler 6 Co 837 7365. 
ARE YOU LOOKING (or (he best 
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ClOO £ lOOOpw. 589 6481 <T> 
CHELSEA Anrarilve ftel Lge 
recep Dble bedrm Ki 9 patto. 
CH £195 hw l hr! 01-362 1622 
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£120pw nvt 675 1B96 <T«. 

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Bawm in ikn ibf m m toa man- 
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naikng. **k turaiM (iknen rate N 

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MAYFAIR. Luxury uiierrar de- 
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building or 3rd flr wiih Ml. 
kiirnetv all machines, baih- 
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BELGRAVIA. SWl Pretty collage 
si vie house in heart of Belgra- 
via Double Reception. 3 Bros. 
Balhroom Sep Shower. Fully 
Filled kilrhen Sertudro patio. 
L37Spw COCdri 01-828 B25I. 

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cious f f hse Immar rood. 4 
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mon 3 transport £1.000 pem 
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v good 2 3 bedrooms. 2 bath 
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Sepi- Del. will pay £8 000 in 
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NEGOTIATOR . A I0P calibre ex- 
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Manager required for hervsing 
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MOl 15 C 

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Denys Smith to deliver a double 



Bv Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Denys Smith, the successful 
and versatile Bishop Auck- 
land trainer, has a good 
chance of landing a double al 
Newcastle today with Try To 
Stop Me (3.30) and Deputy 
Monarch (4.0). 

The nature of the round 
course at Cosfonb Park 

should suit Tty To Stop Me, 
i foi 

who is at his best when forcing 
the pace in front. Adopting 
those tactics at York last time 
out. Try* To Stop Me took up 
the ninning as soon as the 
straight was reached, and was 
only caught on the line by* 
Freedom's Choice. 

That I suggest was pretty 
good form because Freedom's 
Choice had run well against 
the much-improved Esquire 
in his previous race. Also. 
Promised Isle, who finished a 
close third, had been runner- 
up to the subsequent Royal 
Hunt Cup second, Siyah 
Ka/em, in the Whitsun Cup at 

The main danger to Try To 
Stop Me looks like being 
Vague Melody, who was the 
second leg of Lester Piggott’s 
first double as a trainer when 
he scored at Warwick on 
Saturday evening. As a result. 
Vague Melody is now penal- 
ized. and perhaps just a shade 
too close to Try To Stop Me in 
this handicap. 

His stable companion. Dep- 
uty Monarch, who has fin- 
ished second in his last two 
races, looks poised for a 
change of luck in the Heddon 
Handicap. Plymouth Hoe and 
John Dorey, the two who have 
beaten him recently, are both 
a cut above average, and 
belter I feel than any of his 
rivals this afternoon. 

At Salisbury, the recent 
York winner. Dariev Knight, 
and Who Knows, who fin- 
ished third to Brave Dancer al 
Newbury, are the form horses 
for the Veuve Gicquoi Cham- 
pagne Stakes. However, I pass 
them over in favour of Paul 
Cole’s promising newcomer, 
Beeshi, who is one of the first 
crop of that fast horse. Red 

Significantly, Cole is run- 
ning him instead of the un- 





Newmarket provided 
three fancied horses for 
Baldcrsby Apprentice Maiden 
Stakes at Ripon yesterday, tar rt 
was the 25-1 outsider from 
Headquarters, Captain's Niece, 
who captured the prize 
provide Dale Gibson, aged 
with his third riding success. . 

Captain's Niece went to the 




front* from Black Bank. - 
i aside the last furlong ana a half 
to be challenged by Hello Benz, 
on -whom John Kennedy was 
having his last ride as an 
apprentice. Nicky Phillips's filly 
held her rival by a length and a 
halC with Black Bank a sim i lar 
distance away third. 

Real Moonshine, who was 
backed from 8-1 to 100-30, 
finished fourth, ahead of the 2-1 
favourite Royal Nugget, while 
the other fancied Newmarket 
runner. Is Bello, was out of the 
first half a dozen. - 

Dale Gibson is appr e nt iced 

William Hastings-Bass, who 
main's Nil 


in the Noel Cannon Trophy 

beaten Floose, who would 
have had a favourite's chance 
following those decisive wins 
at Leicester and Newbury. 
Also, Cole has a line on Dailey 
Knight through Secoot, anoth- 
er of his two-year-olds, who 
finished third to him at York. 

The EBF Southampton 
Maiden Stakes, which is the 
other race for two-year-olds 
on the programme, looks at 

the mercy of Santella Grey 
provided he is as good as his 
run behind Carol's Treasure at 
Goodwood suggests. In the 
meantime, Carol's Treasure 
has won the Windsor Castle 
Stakes at Royal Ascot. 

Today’s nap selection, 
though, is Alquinn to win the 
Noel Cannon Memorial Tro- 
phy, for which the course and 
distance winner Star Of A 

Gunner is likely to find the 
going riding too fast. He is 
essentially a mudlark. 

Bought back by his trainer. 
John Benstead, for 24,000 
guineas when offered for sale 
by his previous owner at 
Newmarket last December, 
Alquinn took a bit of time to 
find his form this spring. 

But considering that be was 
giving Aventino, who has won 

Prince Sky eyes Stewards’ Cup 

Prince Sky bettered the six- 
furlong course record at Salis- 
bury yesterday by almost a 
second when landing a gamble 
from 7-1 to 4-1 by a runaway 
three lengths in the Alderholt 
Sprint Handicap. 

finish only tenth. Now we’ll go 
for another big race - die 
Stewards' Cup at Goodwood 
on July 29." 

Always going well for Rich- 
ard Quinn. Prince Sky took 
command over two furlongs 
out and rapidly came clear. 

His trainer, Paul Cole, said, 
“We fancied him strongly for 
the Wokingham Stakes at 
Royal Ascot last week, but be 
was badly drawn and could 

Jockey-in-form Pat Eddery 
had a warning for trainer 
Jeremy Tree after winning on 
his promising newcomer 
Timefighter. The colt, a son of 
Arc de Triomphe winner Star 
Appeal, justified odds of 5«2 
on in the Shrewton Maiden 
Stakes (Division One) hot was 
never striding ont on the firm 
i and Eddery advised the 
pton trainer not to 

runthe horse on such ground 

a gain 

rimefighter was the first 
sen of Slightly Dangerous, 
runner-up to Time Charter in 
the Oaks. The colt took the 
lead from My Noble Lord two 
furlongs ont and steadily came 
away to win by two lengths. 

Eddery completed a doable 
on another Jeremy Tree new- 
comer Orne, who beat Operat- 
ic Score by a neck in the 
second division of tbe 
Shrewton Maiden Stakes. 
This brings Eddery’s tally fa* 
the season to 68. 

twice again since, 12 lb more 
than the weigbt-for-age allow- 
ance, his most remit run at 
Newmarket augured particu- 
larly well, especially as 
Aventino got first run on him 
that day after he had been 
denied a dear run three 
furlongs from home where 
scrimmaging occurred. 

Solo Style, my selection for 
the Downtown Handicap, fi- 
nally came good at Leicester 
after he had previously failed 
to land a gamble at Epsom. 

trains Captain's Niece, and he 
comes from a racing family. 

“His grandfather “Spider" is my 
head lad" said Hastings-Bass, 
who added, "Captain's Niece, 
who is home bred, was too big to 
train last year and this was only 
her second outing". 

Bold Difference was slowly 
away in the Dish forth Selling 
Stakes, but. switched by Ian 
Johnson at hallway, the Melton 
Mowbray-trained filly joined 
issue with the favourite Bad 
Payer in tbe last quarter mile to 
beat her one and a half lengths 
with Miss Acacia only a head 
farther away. There was a 
stewards inquiry but the 
placings were confirmed. 

Geoff Lewis's three-year-old 
looks capable of defying a 
penalty and beating Master 
Thames at a difference of 1 8tt>. 

Finally, Great Dilemma 
(4.15) and Shining Skin (5.15) 
both ran well enough in the 
race won by Smooch at 
Goodwood earlier this month, 
to suggest that they would 
oblige when dropped in class. 

And that is precisely whal has 
happened with their declara- 
tion to contest the two divi- 
sions of the Tisbury Fillies 

Bold Difference was a bargain 
buy for her Grantham owner 
Tom Morris, who obtained the 
bay at Doncaster Sales for 800 
she is the fourth horse 
Walter Wharton Iras saddled to 
win for him. 

Apprentice suspended 
The apprentice Allan Gorman, 
who is attached to Bill Watts's 
stable, was suspended for two 

days, July 4 and 5. by the Ripon 

stewards yesterday for careless 
riding in die Baldcrsby Apprr - 
tice Maiden Stakes. They mu 
that his mount, Samosa, had 
interfered with Royal Nugget 
about three furlongs out. 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: high numbers best 

0000-00 VICEROY BOY (A WWW D MflUs 4-10-4. 

. JamWUta7 

2.15 NOEL CANNON MEMORIAL TROPHY (Handicap: £2,620: 1m) (12 

0-01100 STAR OF A GUNNER (C-D) (J Newte) R Holder 6-9-12 J Raid 9 

30-0300 ACONITUM (DttJ Gahranonfl J BgffiaH 5-9-3 

3212-00 MAGIC BD (HR (Sfwlkh Mohammed) B HUs 4-0-13. 

00012-0 CASCABEL (CVD (E Johnson) R J WSWnS 5-8-12. 

900402 FA8I COUNTRY (Sr Gfln»«on)D Elswort|i4-9-n- 
44-0000 HELLO SUNS** (Mrs H 

RAZZLE DAZZLE BOY (W R WSfeons) W R Wffcuns 4-103 Unda Mm (5) 12 

AHME RA (Mrs E Bevan) D Nlgtwfinn 4-10-1 R Bran (5)4 

R1CCO STAR fFR) (A Stamp] J M Brads* 4-9-13 JOabomel 

UWN5TTOOO AVEMGEK (hbis V FaOB\ N Kemck £87 7 — AtatetSIt 3 

DESTROY (USA) (AtispfiSOHid) D Bwwrth 7-9-11 P HeQaNan (5)14 

00/2000 CHAHTHELD (Mss B S&nairli) hiss B Sanders 6-0-10 . Brook* Sudan 11 

3-1 Saloon, 4-1 Taxfeds. 9-2 Beau viata. U-2t3ruSe GW, 8-1 Fishpond, Toscana. 

W Canon 10 

FORM: SALLOOM (11-13) 2KI 3rd to Rimah (12-0) at Haydock (lOJif), won at Brighton 
last year (9-0), boating In Perpetuity (9-3) am BEAU VJSTA (9-0). 21 and 2 1 / 2 L(?mZf, 
£822. ftrm. Oa 2 . 7 ran). TAXJADS prominent tor a long way ow Un W at Sandown last 

400-002 ALQWM fUSA) ( R IhousO C BflWMad 4-8-8 

3244-00 WSSMOMK)E«H|mHH|m 

^l[C Rewtn) R Hannon 4-8-5 

00-0200 TALK OF GLORY E Garden) LCrtffeil 5-8- 
00-0030 PEANOAY(B Boardman) H Beasley 5-7-91 
020-002 BnSTSPflgjUPEOTfAHewcnmoeinB 

wu* (im 61. £2526. firm, May 5.14 iwL CMDCGML^f 1 ) (Muon out to beat Mood For 
Low ( 8 - 11 ) and Perfect Approach (30) 1 W and 11 at Bath 11 m 3t 150yds mdn. £1171, 
soft Sept4. 14 ranV TOSCANA (8-1 1)31 Oh to Vary Special (7-13) last time (Aug 30L ear- 
lier ( 10 - 7 ) beaten a short head by It o n n ydaw Wonder m-4) at Saisbury fima, £1780. ran). 

Setecborr BEAU VISTA .... 

0-000 BLULLA (Mas H Stratton) MBtansnard 3 - 7-1 
7-2 Fair Country. 4-1 AJqfcm, 6-1 TakOt Glory. 7-1 Magrc&d, 8-1 Foanday, Star 
Of A Gunner. 10-1 Cascade), Hello Siattrtne. 12-1 others. 

Iran on wed to finish 5KI 

, goad. May 14. 13 ran) 

FOR* ACONJTUMws# beaten on last 2 starts, previously (8-23 n 
4 th (promoted 3rd) behind Esquire (8-13) at York (1m. £10036, i_ 
mth STAR OFAGUIMBt (8-10). never dangerous, out of first 10. START 
previously (8-3) driven out to beat Patnach (8-0) and Rana Pratap (7-1 1 ) by V»l and 1 1 HI 
at Newbury ( 1 m. £ 6888 . sofL Apr 19,21 ran), CASCAB EL down the Md on seasonal de- 
bui in May. last year (8-5) stayed on to fmsh fei 2nd to Wei Rigged (8-11 at Ooncaster 
_ -. , g jij ^ j, pEANDAY mate no show over lin 2 natBsiou 0 ng. pre- 

' 7‘, £2914. soft May* 
toutof the first 10. 1 

4.15 TISBURY FILLIES’ STAKES (ENv I: 3-Y-O: E1.A4&.7!) (19) 

000 - ABIGAIL'S GEM U R Watts) P-W Hams 811 : R WemhamB 

00 ADHARI (Shaikh Matwned Al Sabafl) 8 Hanbtxy 811 W Carson 12 

00 AF»WOSta((BB/D Johnson) J Dae 8-11 

(BF) ID Johnson) J Tree 8-11 PatEdcterr 7 

00 BABY RAVBMAfT Rosa) LCaHrnfl 8-11 I Johnson 5 

323-432 BALLAD ROSE (N Abbott) P Cots 8-11 TO*m17 


disqualification of wnmr. at 
headway over 2fou) when 41 
firm. Mary 3i. 19 ran). 
Sel e ct io n. PEANDAY 

vert Effort (8-4) and Fei Loong (8-3). promoted to 2nd on 
Epsom (im. £4182. good. June 7. 13 ran). ALORM (9-7) 
2nd to Aventsw (7-Q at Newmarket (Im. £2467. good to 

Salisbury selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 ALQUIRM (nap). 2.45 Santella Grey. 3.15 Beeshi. 3 ; 45 
Taxiads. 4.15 Great Dilemma. 4.45 Solo Style. 5.15 Shining Skin. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 CascabeL 2.45 Green Glory. 3.15 El Zeta. 3.45 Salloom. 4.15 
Adhari. 4.45 Master Thames. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.15 Who Knows. 









20-40 BASttALLVBEnEH(Btai)dm*6StudlnvealmenqPWaiwyn8-11^^^ 

00000- FUTreHRUnSt(Mr»T0ancalJftidger3-1|p 
■ MB GREATOttflaiAlfea K LMnOWne) PteaKfii 8 - 11 . 

N Adana 2 


8 - 11 ., 

8 (R .. 

0-0 HOME RULE (fa^haQUMn) IBMdKng 81 J 

LOCHMAR (MrsS Wanstatn) G 


00 PARTS ts 


SATW AND SIX (T Ramadan) A 
(AH K Al 



J WfiKamsS-ll . 

Moore 8-11 


Tjy W H a— 13 

. R Cochran* 9 
MVagham 15 

C Benstead 8-11 . 


HOI 8-11. 

. BRouaaS 

0 TOWN FAIR (Mm 0 Page) P Cola 8-11— . 

8 - 11 .. 

. MLThoan 8 
. B Thomson 11 


Evens Ballad Rose. 7-2 Baslcafly Better. 5-1 Great OOemma. 8-1 Sunday Chime*, 
10-1 Apfsosma. 12-1 Town Fair. 14-1 Adhari, 16-1 others. 

4^5 DOWNTON HANDICAP (3-YO: £2,727: 7f) (20) 

243 MASTER THAMES (BF) Mi 0 Haynes] M Stouto M. 
3220-00 BRONZE OPAL (USA| (Mrs EWamtain)< 

080240 STRIVE (Al 
1122000 BELOW S 
94000 COUNTRY I 

| G Baking 9-3- 

)A Baiey 80 

, WRSwUwnlO 
— R Weaver 20 

Q A {Horseracing 1984) J Dunlop BO 

R Cochrane 3 


AL LUOHER (B Croasnon) G Ihornar 90 I Johnson S 

000 BIOIW (Horse Health Products) P Haynes 9-0 B Rome 6 


|P FeHanSO. 

A McGkme 7 

I M Usher 80- 














2000 SEGOV1AN (B) (T 



I Lewis) G Lam W (8ax).. 

)JBeMB- 1 . 

Pat Eddery 17 
H WMum 19 
M Robertas 

00 SHARP REW«Bi (R iacodsQn) D Lang 90 
’(Dr D Darns) M BUmshora 90- 

02-1032 BOWLOVBI 
014000 MAJOR 
4-100 HEART OF 
00-3001 SOLO STYLE (D) 

002400 DEWTY.ImMni. 

33380 TIME BtfID (USA) (SheMi Mohammed) B HHs 7-13 

326-JOT PRISSY MSS (Mm R Koran)) P Wafwyn 7-13 

000-300 GRMG IT ALL AWAY (H Oattrw) H Beasley 7-11— 

000-30 ARDSnC CHAMPION (HP) (G Cmmo«henous)M Rpa 74 — TWBanH 

MHM02 LADY LA PAZ (G Herndon) P Cundel 7-7 G French 18 

408034 3A.VSI FORMJMrs R W Wisyitaan 7-7 — 6 

25 001-0900 ARABIAN BUSS (T MansMQM Usher 7-7 DMcXaylS 

27 008000 SEE WJ EVIL (LSmmgmanJG Balding 7-7 — 9 

. MLTbomss2 

)R Hannon 80. 

YOUNG GMLLE (Mm B Maynard) PWalwyn 80— 

0 YOUNG LOCWNVAR (Mrs D Hamerson) R Hannon 80 
10-11 Santeda Grey. 2-1 Morewoods, 6-1 Young GRfae, 10-1 Green Glory, 14-1 
Young Lochmvar. 20-1 others. 

R Wemfaam 12 
Pad Eddery IS 

4-1 Solo Style. 9-2 Bowl Over, 5-1 Master Thanes, 81 Lady La Paz, 8-1 Artiste 
Champion. Deputy Tan, Heart Of Qasa. 12-1 Lightning Wind. Steer Form, 14-1 others. 

(Im MOL £684, good to firm. June 3. 

start wtwrr SKI 4* to Touch Of Grey (9-l)at 


( 8 ) 

1 OARLEY OUGHT (D) [Sheikh Mohammad) J Dunlop 82 BThmraonB 

BEESWfFBhd Salman) P Cole 811 

BELLOTrO (USA) (K AbduBa) J Tree 811 

PONT FORGET W(J Homan) R Harmon 811 — 

a ZETA (Rordwlo Ltd) P K&eway 811 
0 HAYTAL (ft H ' " 


ran). BOWL OVEH (9-5) 41 2nd to 
vHnbIWB- 8 ) INI 3rd to Meet The Greek 
and BELOW ZERO (8-9) another 2 U back 

May If 

AWAY. . 

successful on seasonal debut when 

STRI VE (94) best effort on oenuftmate 
■■(H. £2590. good to ten. May 12, 12 
■UOHTllBiGWI W(B4)Klbnefcln4th| 
Gdi at lingfield 

. . _ . . 4, good to soft. 

10.11 ran). Earlier. BELOW ZERO ( 8 - 8 ) beat Fareg (8-5) ZWwtthaVWQIT ALL 
) 1 a beck In 3rd at Kempton (Im. £2503. soft. Mar 31. 9 ran). HEART OP 

soft Mar 31. 10 nan). SOLO STYLE 

i Khan) R Johnson Houghton 811. 
r M SooeH) W Hem 811 . 

)P Butter 88 - 

Ptet Eddery 3 
R Cochrane 2 
. SCaotfMA 
. W Carson 8 
— A Proud 1 

I Booty (811) a neck at War- 

. _ . . . - . . j got up dose home to beat 

Chunm's Pet (81 l)a head with Tliffi BfflD (87) juat over m back in 5th mid DEPUTY 
TIM (89) unplaced at Leicester (71 . £3787. good, June 14. 17 nan). 

S el sd k m ; BOWL OVER 

• DeB o Bu ims only If there Is overni gh t tafai 
1 81 ElZeta. 12-1 Hayta. 

84 Who Knows. 5-2 BeSotto, 81 Daney Kmght. ! 

FORM: DARLEY KMGHT (94Q ran on wel to beat SummortiH Streak (9-0) 1)H at York 

(61, £5038, good to firm, June 14, 7 r ... 

» Potemos (9-0) at Ooncast e r ( 6 (. ‘ 

3rd to Brave Dancer r 

S el ec tion . PARLEY I 

wni in-ui its i uii wn vj uun owiiimhh ooom i m «u idik 

firm, June 14, 7 ran). HAYTAL (94)) stayed on st one pace ortien B 6 th 
Doncaster (O. £1342. good. May 24 , 21 ran). WW KNOWS ( 9 -Q) 2 ) 
; ^?:|at_Nevrfjwy (61.1377, good. June 1& 19 ran). 

5.15 TISBURY FILLIES’ STAKES (Div U: 3-Y-O: £1 ,446: 7f) (19) 

CELTIC BOW (Mrs A McriaV) A Tumel 811 
CLEAVAGE (Mrs G Baking) G Baking 811 
0 FIVE QUARTERS (R Parse}) L Centre 81 1 

«B4 FLASH 00NKA(US4)K3uS«£a«IIUd)PCMs8Tf PWeMmnfS 

0238 (RJWGWIU (0 JanertH Candy 811 TWBawIT 

300-0 HAW40NY HBGHTS (l Lottus) R Hannon 811 A McGkme 13 

00 HOLLY BROWN (Mrs H Coins) C Wkknan 811 HMs12 

3-45 CARNARVON CHALLENGE CUP (Handicap: amateurs: £994: 
Im 4()(16) 

108?30 SALLOOM (B) (USA) (P Saw*) W Hastings-Bass 4-120 Matene Jnster 9 

2SSU2 un C Nelson 4-12-0 (7 ex) Jane AKm 4 

w I-® Sarah Lawrence 5 

*01300- CUBXE S«L gfo B TayioO M McCwet 4-1 i -9 L Haney 15 

01308 TOSCANAfRPegg) D Marks 81813 Kafiy Marks 2 

a K&? ElsnorthA-lty-ta Amanda Harwood 

W«M- J^gTCAfOffl pte E Broreon) D Wteon 4-1810 Bate Branson (5) 8 

000803 ASTICOT (B Coopet) C Honwi 4->89 DabUeAfeMti >8 











A Clarice 

WYHAYJW Morris) JMBradtey 811 

LUCY AURA [S GrtnsWaffl D Bsworth 811. 

ID J M Smith 811. 


i lAchammad) B HRs 811 . 

. D Brawn S 
1 18 










PETRIFY (J Morrison) G 

8 REAUIY (7 Ho4and-Martin)R Johnson Hooglteri 811 SCHftcn3 

4280 SHMNG SK»J (USA) (MakBura AJ Maklxjra) P Wahryn 811 Pan! Eddery B 

40 SUMMER GAHDEH (P Metonll Balding 811 PMEdda%9 

3028-4 UFHORIA (R Spancer-GhurcnB) P Cola 811 TQoinnl 

0 ZLLEBEKE(R Allen) W Brooks 811 BRoHsall 

I Ltd) P MaMn 811 . W R Svdetxan 14 
) S Woodnan 81 1 — 18 

13 00/0800 CATMAN j 

(N Mitchell 81 0-6. 


52 SWrtng Son. 4-1 Gfangw*. 81 MinhWi. Uphona. 81 Harmony Heights, 
RaaSry, Summer Garden 12-1 others. 

Salisbury results 

Gokig: good to Ihm 

115 (TfJ 1 . TMERGHTER (Pat I 

2-5 lav), i. I 

. My Noble Lord (T Quim. 4- It 
3. Foreign Knight (R Cochrane. 381). 
ALSO RAN: 6 Tatesto (4th). 12 LigWtec* 
Prmcs ( 6 th). 20 Leadkig Rote (5M. 33 
Ho*yweod Men. MNpand Boy. 8 ran. a. 21. 
sh.hd, 51. 1i. J Tree at Marfcorouah. Tote: 
£1 SO; E1JHL £1.10. £2.80. OF: £2S0. 
CSF- £325. Inhn 27S5sec. 

245 (6Q 1 . PRMCE SKY (T Quinn. 81k 

2 . Uredes Take Time (A McGlono. 8-1J! 

3. Precknn Metal (P Curant 1S-1). ALSO 
RAN: 11-4 lav Bold Realm, 4 AmogNno, 8 
Al Truf. 10 Measuring (501). 11 Steady 
Eddie ffitfi). 14 Ardrox Lad, 16 Green 
Ruby. Sudden Impact (4th). 33 Coppemtil 
Lad. 50 Glen KeHa Manx, Shatee. 14 ran. 
a. SL 1 y,i. 21. nk. P Cole at Whateomto- 
Tote: £650: £2J0, £1.50. SS.40. VF. 
ns 10. CSF- £38.33. Tncast: £451.06. 
irnsi 1 1 54 sec (course rtconfl 

3.15 (Im 1 , MIGHTY FLASH (S 
Cauttwn. 181); 2, Party KlngjG Starkey, 
12-1): 3. Wave Dancer (W Carwn, 6-4 
fav). ALSO RAN: 10830 Modena Reef 
( 6 W). 82 Baatuur (4th). 7 Watetsan (5th). 

.. 3. I ntteh more Island (Pat I 

i). ALSO RAN: 81 jt-fav TlckfOrd I 
11-2 Rusty LAW 15Bii 33 Coastal 
(GthL 6 ran. 9. shiid. a, 12L3L P MtcheB 
at Epsom. Tote: £16.80: £4.10. £1.60. DF: 
£1810. CSF: £57.57. 2mte 04.46sec. 
(course record). 

4.15 (50 1, BLUE TANGO (W Carson. 8 

1): 2. Chasing Moon beam s (Pal Eddery, 

4-9 favk 3. Khakis Low (Paul Eddery, fi- 
ll. ALSO RAN: 20 Hinton Rosa (tti). Silca 
key. NorthshHH (4m), 25 Lundy (ale. 33 
Ceto Soto. Gods LI Usa, Indian Jutttea. 
M«n«dora.MustBeMa5c.50BemaWin I 
Find Rush Sht. PoBfirtto. 15 ran. NR: 
Run And H&. fih M. 41. 3L VA 41. D Lateg 
« Lamboum. tote: CSL30: £1-50. Cl. 10, 
£Z0tL DF: £2.70. CSF: £ 6 . 86 . SSJOskk 
(new course Record ter zro). 

4.45 (7ft 1 . ORNE pat Eddery. 7-2 1 2. 
Operetic %ara a Qumn. 81): 3. Nonsuch 
Palace (SCeulhen. 13-8). ALSO RAN: 5-4 
fav Proakent KOi). 16 Nidn Voter. 20 
j. 33 Raffioora. 5 & Krntnrood 
( 6 th). Treva (4th). 9 ran. rtclM. 51 

( 6 th). 18 Find 
I Ebandary. 33 Hltchenstown. 
Alice Ho#, Samosa. 12 ran. ijm, iw, 3L 

(< th). 10 moot Stylish 

14L 4L w Hasdnga-Bare at Nrarrarkat. 
Tote £20.70; £«0. £1S0, £4^0- OF: 

£197.20. CSF: £250.67. 


A150 RAN: 6 Goldgidoutite guapaln 

w Wharton at »teten Mowbray. Tcte: 
£7.10; £2^0, *1-50. £im i^saTO. 
CSF: £1358. After a stewards toqury the 
result stands, no bid. 

CoraetL Tote: £36.00; E5J50. £190. £1.50, 
£ 3 ^ 1 . OF: £24200. CSF: E139JI3. Tricast 

4J0 (im) 1. MAHOGANY RW 

0(1m) 1. MAHOGANY RlRi (M Birch. 
: 2 . Sidqta PaugMertP tflehoae. 12- 

181): 2. Srdora Daughter (DNIcrxl 

. . ! Neds 

Express (4th), n -2 Kings Touch (Smv. 6 
Insi Passage (SUi). Krop Cool. 8 i 
PWosophSTB ran. te. A 5U. a. hd. M M 
EasterbyaL Great Hshton. Tote £1080; 
£340. £370. £1.90. OF: E44JO. CS 8 

5l 0 (M 1. MAMTAIN JR GuesL 86 te 
Z Bom Free Again (T Lucas. 181); . 
Aathns (M Birch. &•& ALSO RAN: 6 

Thank Hawn (5(h), 16 boodla Our 

Horizon (fig. Persian Dynasty, 20 Regent 

Reopal ( 6 th). Treva (4ft). 9 ran. nl L2V1L 51 
nkl. 31. J^ Tree at fitotoorough.^ Tote: £5.10: 
£1.70. £2J0. £1.20. DPT £8.70. CSF: 

E33U7 imin 26.79S6C. 
PtacepoC £61 £0. 

RAN. 82 Brown Bear Boy. 11^1 
Bth). 6 Examination ( 6 ft), 8 Tte Tlw. 9 
Gabanax, 33 Always Naa wjith). 9 r an 
me. hd. 2541, W. W. N Ortepl^ « 
NawrnarkeLTgte K.88JEL70. 12.00. 
£2J0. DF: £29.70. CSF: £2587. 

Square. 25 Jays Special. Kaccra, 
Metropmaa Straight Edge, VHotr The 
Kirn. Steerolbey (4ftn5 nn. nk. 1541. 
KL a. hd- L Cuhoni at NewmarhaL Tote 
£1.90; £1.10. £1.60. £220 OF: £1SL3Q. 

2 S Pnok, 40 Bet Oliver. 50 Northmeh ipu|. 

“i Etswortti at 

9 ran. *1, Wild ^t. ±\. 1L D I 
Whitsbury TotB: £720: El. 10. £2-70. 
£1 50 OF £45.40. CSF- £106.47 2mm 
36.325aa After a st e ward s inquiry (he 
result stands. 

3.45 (Im 2f) 1, KALA HA5HAN (T 
WiRuna. 20-1). Z Uanarreoa (R H»s. 2-1 


r — RAN: 2-1 ter 
114 Is Bate. 100-30 

5JM (im 41) 1 . OENAIfS WOVE (M 
Wmmer. 2-1 ter); 2, Four Start Thml (D 
■■■■rnniii Pj uL. na Jmm j McKawm. 81 1 3. Hyokin(G (XiffieW. 12- 

<L0 (im 4 g 1 . FlgDW FtonaStorey. « also RAN: JT-2 Apple WJna 6 
! 8 i):iExc»vatM-j^(San^Bror*, 8 - [)«H«ood Renown. 7 Lafcno (5ft). 8 
— Cocked Hat Supranw (4ft). 10 String Of 

Beads. 14 Mabel ASce. Wire Chris tW. 16 
Pfneacte 20 Its Good Ere, 33 JtoW*- 13 
tan. NR: Changondor. IKL iflTiW, J9L 
1KL K cuiingwe at NewmarnaL Tota: 
£3«: E1.60. SlO, S4M. DP. E&80. 
CSF: £2147. Tricast £165.43. 

Ptacepot £35545. 

it i' pat’s Jester (Laura Rohan, 8 lt *. 


.181). ALSO I 
, 182 Socks Up 

11 5 ter Prnwkkfie (5ft). . . 

(6d0. 7 Writer Palace. 9-1 
Sqiara. 12 WWW 71* fiwt 
Plata. 14 Red Duster, Touch Ot Luck. 
Treyamon. 25 Jute A Had. 33 ftead- 
nought. Mortar. OrvWe s Sorw. Mevitte 
□eaTISrafl.KL 9Ct.lL lVSL2LWaeray« 


Gotog: good to firm 

Draw: no significMt advantage 

2.30 WALLSEND HANDICAP (£2^0l:6f) (13 runnere) 

0004-00 YIC YSTON(R(H ■ 
000303 MBSPRMUtAI 


0013-42 GOLD CHft [Mrs EStr 

002480 KMGCOt£ffl!fl 
013103 MuuwooLrawl 

0-04004 WAHTWLLUU3Y 
oeeooo mowswAHT(c-b| 
000002 WEQWH 

imud) MH Ea«rty893 MBbd>4 

e382-_ Z WB»«5 

{GReratey4-M 0 Leattterpf 10 

I Barreto J Berry 6813 MFnr3 

I M Brittain 4-813- 

D Chapman 8812. 

Denys Shaft 889- 

K Dwtay 7 

18 -0/00310 CULMINATE (P MotaeWi) P MonteUh 587 ««) , 
18 moo J 8 AHDREW(Mrs M « 8 s) DChapman Midi 


7-2 Gold Chip. 82 Mae Primula. 81 
CuUnlnato. 181 Maml Dolphin, King Cola, 181 

Spoken. 114. WHe Gan. 81 
' ■ ,14-T others. 

Newcastle selections 


230 CM Chip. 3.0 Run To Work 3 30 Try Tb Stop Me. 4.0 Dep- 
uty Monarch. 430 TempleHejghts. ^ 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
3 JO Vague Melody. 4 JO Chalice of Silver. 

By Michad Seely 

3 JO Try To Stop Me. 430 CHALICE OF SILVER (nap). 

&0 STAGSHAW SELUNQ STAKES (2-Y-O: £f^6S: Sf) (6) 






S«ez 8^ra^ 30NGjWg^N«llon 



LkflC Booth 81 

1811 - 



White) RHoUnihead M. 

(JCompbel)K Stone 83. 

S Lanas 0 
D Carey (7)S 
_ KDateyl 

— PHM(7)3 

— C Dwyer 2 

2-1 Run To Work. 11-4 Nation's Song, 82 Dubin Bale. 81 Knockshany, 81 
Maddybamy. 181 Okay Yah. 


A Bbkeft E WaymM 6810 
l Mahammed) J Dunlop 38 

) (A WlkXnoft) Daoys Srrrih 

000080 MAJOR DON 

021200 PALAESTRA | 

080032 TRY TOM 
400804 SILLY BOtJ 
822011 VAGUEMM 

B40-000 PACIFIC I 

800300 oi«5froN(55(J 

6810 E Geest (SO 

3812 GDuftteM3 

Denys Sntei 5811- LChamockT 
RNoNnshaad8810 — State 7 

ft 688 MBte*9 

L Rggott 487 (Sex) T fere 4 

(B) (C-D) (Mrs P Yorap J Eftaringkxi 484 _ M Wood 0 
I Barry) J Bwiy 187-7 M Fry 2 

84 Vs^wMstody, 5^2 Try To Stop Me, 81 PNteeafra. 10-1 SHy Boy, 12-1 Major 

Don, 181 

40 HEDDON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1 ,976: Im 4f 60yd) (7) 

WATtoDALE(USA)(HtapodromoRaelnteMWEaMartiy87 . 1 

■AUSON (BRLW&raneris) R Wftafite 86 _- D 

MCOLOfl (n(R Brnris) Jimmy FBzgerald 9-2 — : 

000-003 WATCHOALEl 

080 ■ ^ 

0400 CtUMSON ROBESfUta Bl 
040022 tffiPUnMOHAHCtllHmAwESrODef?? 
300000 DOON VBtTUIE (P Brunt) J Ethesfegffln 34- 
008001 TB47RE (A Camay) GMoow 

K Hodgson 5 

R Hoteahead 813- 


. MBfech2 
.Stabs 1 


. M Woods 

. SWEMd(7)4 

9-4 Deputy Monarch. 81 Tieatre. 9-2 Madteon'GM, 81 WOtenWe. 181 Crimson 
Robes, 12-ltnooSrf, 181 Doan Venture. 


3 220/802 SAMDYUjn (Mrs EBeaonlrtD Thom 5811 : MBmaren 2. 

FRAGRAHTGNJUMfnfff Unwin) Mss Z&sen 4-88 — 10 

PANTO Qg tt. (Hr TreiaiBLM)WB«ay 586 Jloml 

PETFORD CHtlflJ (f^tfonl Torts Ltd) F Yardtey 6-9-8 JH Brawn (5)3 

00 GARTHNAN (J Measure) P Ftepata 388 : AMeck»y7 

- DfdehoOsS 



30-43 CHALICE OF SR-VBt ( .. 

0000(0 OUE9I OF SWORDS (RButtertoR HoftHhead 385- 
0 TEMPLE HBQHTS ftfes A Ferousort J Du Anp385- 
830 WIANGBROOK(GBTtsnbl4lTkqW Jarris38l 

. GDtffieldO 


EVENS ChaBoe Ot SKvor. 7* Sandyte. 82 Ouaen Ot Swords. 8f Temple Hetaftte, 
81 Snowffra Chap, 12-1 Wr an gbreok. 181 often- . 

445 CHESTERS STAKES (2-Y-O: £2/472: 6() 

2 02201 WIGANTHORFE (MBss S EaStartay) M W Eastartqr 9-5 - T Luces: 

New Trojan 
in demand 

Hills, the bookmakere, report 
backing for the Dick Hern- 
trained New Trojan for 
Saturday’s Irish Sweeps Derby 
at The Cunwgb and have 
trimmed the West Dsley colt 
from 14-1 to 12-1. 

The Derby winner, 
Shahrastani. remains their even 
money favourite for the big race. 
Other prices: 7-2 Mashkour, 1 1- 
2 Bokhara flv 5-1 Bonhomie. 

First acceptors 

MAGfiter CUP HAWNCAP nm 2Kft 
NObris 5 10 0. Esquire 4 9 7. K-8ate» 5§ 
5, LBS Aid 4 9 5. Khozdar 4 9 4, it's NOw 

Or Never 4 9 4, Then Again 3 9 2, 

Conquering Hera 3 9 1, Chaumtere 5 9 ft 

SanteBa Mac 9 9 0. Dancng JMft 3 9 0, 
Top Guest 3 9 0. Dancing Eagle 3 8 13, 
King's Head 4 B 12. Evtfs Error 3 8 11, 

Sh£p Nobta 4 S 10, New Trajan 3 8 18 
Semafld 3 8 9, Hnal Try 3 8 9. Goroews 
Strike 389. Gay Ctexain 4 BfcTop &V3 
MzmtflSfl. Nervous Ri "" 

88 . Native WfamJ3B8. Nervous Rlde38 

3an&84, Holbrooke Su«on384. Merle 
4 6 3. Weafi 4 8 3. Pato 4 8 2 . Test OfUns 
582. Vintaga Toff 6 80, Short Sleeves 4 7 
13, His M3 7 13. AH Fw 5 7 12 , Try To 
Step Ms 5 7 Ii. Tosara 4 7 ii. Master 
Urn 5 7 10, Firewea To Love 3 7 10. 
Alters 4 7 8 , Absent Lover 5 7 7. 
Bflly dwrow 9 7 7. Datosriivr 3 7 3. 
Masked Bafl673. Paris-turf372, &*arr 
3 71. Twice Bold 3 71. The Howard 4 70. 
Past GioriesS 6 13, JouvenoeflB4B 1 1 4To . 
he run York. July 12). 

Gosney breaks 
a pelvis 

Gary Gosney. stable jodtey to 
the Yorkshire trainer Lynn 
Siddall, could be out for the 
season after breaking his pelvis 
in a riding accident on the 
gallops. Gosoey, aged 30. is in 
traction in -York District Hos- 

pital and is reported . to be 

Miss Siddall, who trains a 
string of 1 2 al Colton near York, 
has sent out two winners this 
season. The Mazall and. Grey 
Starlight, both. 'partnered by 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: M Smyfe.rt w i nnwre l romlM 
runners. J Tree, 12 tom 68 . 

18 2%; P Goto, 16 fmm HfclMfc 
JOCKEYS: G Saricey. 41 vrtvwfl tom 
163 ndte.2S.11fc: wCarson, 3» ■ hm_n5. 
23.0%; PW Eddery, 24 from 144.187%. 

THABfiBt&J Duntop.11 
runners. 40.7%; J W*tej 8 Jwt ^ 
17.116: R Hteteshted. 10 tom ey SS%., 
JOCKEYS: T Iras, 15 wfrmte* taiL JM 
rides. 283%: U &tOU _ » •"“J®* 
124%; G Quffited. 11 from 106, 104%.. 


NEWCASTLE: 230 fittml Otephh. S3' 
r. 4J7MoteU. 


2.45 Segovian- 345-. 
ip wind: • r i 


the pressure as 
Britons feel strain 

By David PWtfl 

Britain’s top tfate women 
discovered ycaerday ttat thoe 
are no easy maiches ai WimWe- 
doa, . whatever the taiwnp 
might say. Annabel' Croft, Jo 
Dune' and Anne Hobbs- ^ 
reroective rational Nos- 1 . 2 ana 

3, were eat* when the distance 
by opponents from way down 
the world order. 

Miss Croft became the British 

No. 1 at the beginning of 

year while still a teenager but the 
strain oTit afi is proving too, 
much for her. In going down *■ 
6, 6-2. 6-4 to Niege Dias. , of 
BrariL she suffered her third 

successive first round defeat and 

has -failed to win a match m 

seven of the 12 tournaments she 
has contested this year. 

Miss Dias, who has yet K» 
break into fire world's top 100, 
defeated Miss Croft in the 
Edgbaston Cup a fortnigh t ago. 
but in the early rallies yesterday 
she encountered some of the 
reasons why Miss Croft was on 
the fringe of breaking hno the 
wp 20 at the end of tet year. “I 
don’t T*i?nfc I could have been 
playing any better in the first set 
but I just seemed to crack at 2-1 
in tire second," tire 1 9-year-old 
Briton said. 

way through the final wu the 
Britan had just ?**”*,*** 
break poma » »ail 4-2 «nd it 
looked as if darkness 
to close in on Miss Dunes 

^Itotfoewntfune returned and ^ 
she began to fine greater 
rhythm- With 3 ^enommabKk- 

torod dmwi fire Iin broke 

back to 4-4. Bui it more 
through- Miss Marsfaova’s er- 
rors than any improvemem ra 
Miss Dune's pmre Jh«- the 
Brisuihan came ih rough 6-J, l- 

6.^ > . 

Thai Miss Maratkova finds 
time to play tennis isinnsdf 
surprising- She is a competitive 
slak»n datr. has teamed to 

speak five languages and used to 
be the JNo. ^figure skaierm tar 
country. Miss Dune fcnere sag 
was op against someone who 

tad seen tatter dayv (Miss 
— — .... — — seeded in these 

Marakova was — 

champumships in 19 8.1K .ta t 
could nm make short work of ^ 
her while the smash was her 

only efficient weapon. 

Miss Doric, who was sup- 
posed to be wannmg-up for a 
second round meeting with the 
sixth seed, Kathy Rinaldi, al- 
most overheated against tire 
Czechoslovak, Regina 
MarsHcovn. The son beat down, 
viciously on court one as the 
two engaged in one hour and 49 
minutes of hit-and-miss tennis. 

When shadows brought mo- 
mentary relief to the heat mid- 

* wouldn't say I feta nzisfrid 
with the way l ’ptajed," Mis* 
Dune said, "f prefer to be out on 
tbe showcoorts because I Jove 
the crowd watriring me perform. 
But after the first set I . was 
struggling aft the way through to 
tire end." 

Miss Hobbs could hardly 
have expected Belinda Borneo 
to have kept her long on court 
six. Mite Borneo is 15 places 
beneath Miss Hobbs in the 
British rankings tat needed 
three sets to earn a second round 
match against Zina Garrison, a 
semi-fina&st last year, winning 
6-0. 2-6. 6-4. . 


fSaaOaa puyan to eaptut^ 

Men’s singles 

Holder: B Becker (WG) 
First round 

Mss C KHODE-fOLSCH g*G)bt Mtei E 

M Leach (U^btROsteff»«(WG) 6-3. 7-6. 


M OtN CmorP*^f»> 

B GiLBeRTfUS) la M Woodbada (Aca) 

M YitosipftBt^NG^bt F Sagaroasnu (Roto 

PMcNam8o(Aus) tat PCtaaotoariftRIE) 
6-3, 6-4, 7-6. 

D T VEner (SA) M M Robertson (SA) 5-7, 
87. 6-3. 6-3, 84. 

Second roond 

E E0wa|agt) tat A JARRYD (9«o)38. 

A Mansdorf (hr) bt P Lunidgraa ( 8 «^ 7-fi, 

Mrs C M Bstesni MuS) bJ MU» Y 
UsnuktSA)64.6G. _ „ 

Mas E A tenter (Aut) M 0 L Ftertl 


MnCStei WtatMtes p s Mamtolftf 


Iftn A itettn (US) M Ms» K Skrontea 

(Cr) 7-6.84 

.. 48.83.83- 
Mn P D San*# (Auto tat M« 0 $ Van 

IMI^F&teli (US)'tx Mas P 8 »g (US) 

Mn X MiteSM ( 8 te)ht Mss M Pte(Afg) 

MlST L QtWttSOli (US) M MSS B A 
bt Ms JofiasaM 

(Swan 82. 1-6.84 

Mte R U Whte (US) tat Mu K Y Sanaa 



M PERNF0RS (Ss^l t*M Dtetebisr (US) 
245, 84, 6-4. 7-5. 

JSadri^) bt JCKRiB((Uq8883y 

7-fi. I 
DT Vasari 


JM Dan#(GB9 bt Miss R Mxraftovs 

UK L M McKte (UQ M Mbs R BYyant 
(Auc)&4.&3. ■ . 

WssAU Ftemndex (UQ bt Miss A M 

T ^t^e bt J (9»«) 87. 


I tEJTOL (Ca) bt M Praamtei (U^ 83. 82. 
6 - 2 . 

C J Vtei Rwsbure (SA) MT WWMO (U3 

J Muafc(Switn MC Mezzard 01)86. 84, 
7-5. 81. ' ‘ 

tB Mss T A Lous 

SA^HSaptobt Mss B A Botmo 

^ BrL 

JMYSTT«H^fe«) «^W«M*{Pte)48r 


T S MAYOTTE (US) UJCxnettf (US) 7-5, 

EMan(WG) btMOwte (US) 82, 83.84. 
• Tt» taoormg mutts worn mctnetJ ton 
Ute tor mctuaoa m yastmztay’s mriy 
a&bns. . . 

TVWtetan (US) btMtJBatesdffi) 86.81. 

84,7-5: . - 

A* VWo ai anfictesgteBltatT prampitw (R) : 

83, 1-5. 877-5. 83. • 

JCantBr (US) MH Solomon 058)83.82. 

S GtenuntovA^J^M M R Edraondsoo 
A GOMEZ (Ecu) 

(G8) 6-0. 25. 1 

tta M A Ma 


Mas H P OS* (BdMIUi A N Croft (G^ 
1-6.82.54- _ 

Ate S E Maroarin (US) bt Miss J Novotna 
(Cz)8S.7-S.Si ■ 

Mite Hu Ns (US) tat Msx JLoute (09)80. 

kite B Stetan 0J9) bt Miss O Spsnca 
: tUS)&3.82- 

Ite N Harraawn (R) M Mss K RMAlOt 
|US) 7-8 84. 


MBS L Ssvctwnko (USSR) M MISS S C 
. REHE(U^ WL6-4.7-6. 
ANssAHo4kavs(C2)btGM KMn(US)83. 

Max M Tuuztet (Fr) M Mn V Nstean- 


B Fftasrald (Aus) M 
61V86. 7-6. 6-4. 

Date (US). 6t 6? 
Ub toe KtaKR n jsstefiuy’s early 

61. 7-6, 

T' “ 

SM Shaw (GB) 7-5. 

6-7, 84. 

RS^iao(US)btJS CONNORS 83, 3-6. 

HLEdCWTE(Fi) M R Aganor (H*aij 7-5. 

jf^7-6,62.35. 61. 

STBotfioW(GB) bt ESancriaz(Srt 83, 


G Holmes (US) MR Acuna (ChBe) 5-3, 7-6, 

C Kjnirayr (Br) M H Surdstrom (Swo) 

Women’s singles 

HoWon M Navrafflova (US) 

K Kinmy (U9 M S E Raevas (G 8 ) 33. 64. 
82. • 

PCasala(US) tt PHutaar (Austria) 80, 

H I4ANDLMDVA fCto M J M Taken (^ 
C Borifanvn (US) btPParada (Fr) 1-6,63. 

■ fra. . 

R Ja^jjon g«Z) M 8 N Mar (SA) 73. 

C-Srote (ftJMCEKtetenan (US) 23. 
• 64, 8-6. 

S LGoow (G 8 ) MA HWNto (USJ4-6.73, 
EKHorraft(US) bt KASMnmetz(US) 
H Jaort (US) M S Henfca (VYG) 33, fra. 
J M Bjrm 0 (Aust) bt W M TURNBULL (Aus) 

Key to coimtries 

Gonipart (US 82. 1-0 (reriradL 
Mbs P A (US) H Mks E A Han 

(US) 83. 81. 

Miss W E Wfttta (U^ M Mte E Rtenach 

M Mtas M Van 
Nostrand (US) 63, 62. 

Mbs R Ragte mbtlte® C Kartsson ^m) 

Miss EBurgte(ilS)M Mrs SRarttharnanko 
63. 62. 

Atgs^Argntem^teB Austote; Beta Bte- 

m Be Baft u Bulgaw can 
Conicte; Cafe Cotofnrta; C= Czecho- 

Mtes B Bunga (VVG) M Mist G Pcrnendaz 
(P Rico] ^6. 

(US) 6-3. 


" (US)btMbsNSodupa 


tatenct Ffc France: GBs Great Braun; Gr 


‘ .j Mok Monaco; Nafle 

J*g= . R** Zaatant Par. 
raraguay; Pf* P MI pp i ne s : Pot; Poland; 
PwfcTPtomfcP Rko: Puerto Rtooc Ran: 

Romania: SA: Sooft Africa: S Kan S 

Korea: Sp: Span Swk Sweden; Swtoc 
Triteand; Unr Ufu- 

gnw CIS: United States;. USSR: Sate 

. Vsnc Vtewwata: WG: West.Gar- 
nwiy: Yug: Yugoslavia: Z tec Zmbabwe. 


Demanding itinerary 

By Michael Stevenson 

Early next month Lancashire 
— 'hoots will depart for Austra- 
lia, playing their first match 
against Western Australia Un-. 
der-I9 at Perth on Sunday. July 
13. During an ambitious and 
demand! ng , . programme, in 
which the party will travel 
virtually the length and breadth 
0 f the continent, Lancashire will 
fulfil eight -further, fixtures, 
returning to England in the 
second week of August. 

John Dewham, the tour man- 
ager and Lancashire Schools 
secretary, is generally optimistic 
about the tonr, as is the coach, 
Shawn - Higgins, hot money is 
still a - real worry. . Dewhnm. 

while very grateful for generous 

support from various toms over . 

lot and equipment, is more than 
a little daunted fry the fact that, 
apart from a belated contribu- 
tion from the Lancashire RFU 
of£l ,500, all the fund-raising for 
the torn-, which needed £31,584 

“We are^reaD^ desperate," 

Dewhnrst said. “We honestly do 

not know where the money is 
time when 

aiming, from.” At a time 

England rugby is at a depress- 
■ngly low ebb, it would be sad if 
the enterprise and initiative of 
those many schoolmasters, 
Dewhurst and Hjggjos among 
them is not adequately sup- 
ported. Help from any source 
would be greatly appreciated. 

The party includes two sons 
of famous sugby-playjng fathers. 
Jason Ashcroft, whose father, 
Alan, represented the Lions and 
England, and Gary French, son 
■ Rayt England Rugby 
Union mid Great Britain Rugby 
League forward, who is now' the 
BBC Rugby League 

285* A Amutstoxf 
, Dum (Cawley HSL A A 


initially, has had to be done 


“One would have thought 
that the Sports Council or tire 
education authorities would 
have wanted, to make some 
contribution. -We were grateful 
for Lancashire's help but not for 
their immediate ban at tbe 
outset on our contacting dubsto 
sec if they would help.*’ he said. 
. The trouble fa that increased 
travel 'commitments^' especially 
the trip 10 Gunnedah, * have 

iyy?!P9. 0 LCo»9B8). R Forahaw 

svrollen needed “to 

wtawn Ausnfitei 

eiose on £36,0tt> and. despite a . 
amount in the kitty tbe 

Sfflt 81 ' ** iround ' 

schteB z Jd1w m.. 

fleaemM SSnS 

nsw oratnera 
&SSSSF Cwtara Schools 

*fW»*taioteh' WteCH 1 
roi8i«aoa state Sdnoto 

fc Quteteto School* 


dm [ 

< * 


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Suffolk flatter to deceive 
and Sussex triumph 
with something to spare 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 


HOVE: Sussex beat Suffolk by 
seven wickets. 

Suffolk must have hoped to 
win the toss and field first in 
this NatWest Trophy first- 
round tie. It would have given 
them a chance to get their 
bearings.. Instead, Sussex put 
them in and howled them out 
for 108, and hy tea Suffolk had 
been beaten- 

Sussex - took nothing for 
'. They were at home to 
three times when the 
same competition was the 
Gillette Cup and once came 
close to losing to them. They 
are also in need of aD the 
victories they can get at the 
moment, being uncomfort- 
ably short of players and 

. Of last year's side, Grevg, 
■Mendis and Waller have-gone. 

- .Of those left, le Roux, Pigott 
and L enham are injured (they 
were joined yesterday by Col- 
in Wells); Alan WeQs has been 
put into the second XI to try 
and find some form, and 
Barclay has stood down, 
though he took a good slip 
catch yesterday when be came 

on as Wells's substitute. This 
is sad for Barclay In his benefit 
year v as well as for Sussex. He 
has made them a good and 
thoroughly agreeable captain. 

Suffolk began as though to 
make more than they did. 
They were 33 for one after 10 
overs, with the pitch playing 
well and McEvoy (formerly of 
Essex and Worcestershire) 
and Clements (an Oxford 
captain) not overawed. But 
Standing, coming on with off 
breaks, bowled McEvoy with 
his first ball, and when 
Clements was fourth out at 49 
— he pulled Standing to deep 
square leg — it was a matter of 
Suffolk scraping together what 
they could. 

Caley looked as though he 

Stroke* 3 bac^^^^anding’s 
bead, and Brooks, who has 
been the rounds (the Lord's 
groundstaf£ Derbyshire and 
Lincolnshire), took care of 
himself with a good deal of 
competence from the 23rd 
over until he ran out of 
partners in the 48th. Having 

Gatting power sees 
i Middlesex home 

By Richard Streeton 


beat NorthamptoasUee by Severn 

Forceful stroke play hy 
Gatting and Radley, who added 
. 133 .in 22 overs, nude certain 
that Middlesex won this 
NatWest Trophy first round 
match yesterday. Gatting made 
his first century in the com- 
petition as Middlesex reached 
their target of 260 with one over 
to spare. Gaffing's strokes m- 
- eluded four enormous sixes. 
Radley, with a basding 67, full 
of improvised strokes, gave 

jl frlWHw a pftnra « *nli frtmr lly 

before the end. 

. Northamptonshire passed 
200, with 10 overs still to come, 
and only two wickets down, so 
then- final total was considerably 
less than it shoald have been. 
Daniel dug. deep into his re- 
serves of stamina and 
determination and had four 
wickets in 19 halls when he 
returned for his last fear overs. 

Emburey, who took two wick- 
ets in the final over, always 
bowled with tight control. Until 
the late collapse, ho wev e r, the 
batsmen's composure was sel- 
dom milled on. a docile pitch. 
There was even an dement of 
good fortune about the first two 
wickets Middlesex darned. 

Larkins had shared an 
impressive first-wicket stand 
when he drove fiercely against 
Hughes and Emburey somehow 
managed to ding left-handed to 

a remarkable catch at extra 
cover. Gook was rim out when be 
sacrificed his wicket in Lamb's 

lamb's response was . an 
attractive 80, foil of crisp 
strokes all round the wicket. He 
'and Bailey added 69 In 15 overs 
and were threatening mayhem 
when Bailey was DanfeTs first 
victim. Bailey edged a Effing ball 
and Downton took a good, 
tmnbfing catch to his right, 
lamb soon followed him out 
when he drove a full toss into the 
coven. Harper and WQd woe 
dismissed in Daniel's next over. 

Middlesex began slowly 
against accurate seam bowling, 
particularly Grom CapeL He 
completed his 12 overs un- 
changed and had Slack caught 
behind when the batsmen 
swished outside dm off stump. 

Gatling's timing, initially, was 
awry bat he then on-drove 
Harper and Nick Cook for sixes 
over long-on. Just before tea. 
Miller was trapped by Harper. 
At Ac interval Middlesex 
needed 150 from-25 overs. 

Afterwards Gaffi ng be g an to 

altboag^at*53 he*snrrived a 
stumping chance against 
Harper. Radley, at 44, was 
missed by Walker from a hard 
eetnra chance. The necessary 
acceleration, though, had come 
with 97 coariiK in IS 

Warwickshire make 
it all so predictable 

By Ivo Tennant 

EDGBASTON: Warwickshire 
beat Durham by 135 runs 

Warwickshire were taking no 
chances yesterday with Dur- 
ham. the only minor county to 
beat two first-class counties in 
the Gillette Cup. as it was. and 
the NatWest Trophy. They 
chose to bai first, ran op a near 
impregnable 317 for eight and 
bowled their opponents out for 
182. Only Patel who scored 59 
off 64 tells, held them up for 

It wasa pity Warwickshire did 
not put Durham in. if only 
because it might have stretched 
them. As it was. the outcome 
wa s predictable by. at the totest, 
the fifteenth over of Durham’s 
innings. This was ideal only for 
the diehard Warwickshire 
supporters. It highlighted one of 
the drawbacks of limited-overs 

Warwickshire hold the record 
for -the highest score in this 
competition. 392 for five against 
another minor county. Oxford- 
shire, two years ago. 
Kallicharran scored 206 on that 
occasion. He still deals largely in 
big scores: yesterday he was 
stumped when one short of 100. 

With Smith he put on 1 37 for 
the second wicket and with 

Amiss he added 102 for the 
third. Take your pick as to 
which of the three played the 
best innings. Smith, who Iasi 
week was hit on the head twice 
in four days, discarded bis 
helmet and made 79 off 107 
balls with seven fours and two 
sixes, his best one-day score. 
Amis did not play a cross- 
batted shot until he was bonded. 
He scored 77 off 74 balls with 
five fours and three sixes. 

Durham bravely howled two 
leg-spinners on a pilch which 
ted rendered the helmet ob- 
solete. Unfortunately. Wasi 
Raja, the Pakistani, was bit for 
71 ofTlO overs and Kippax. who 
took three wickets in 10 bails, 
had difficulty finding a length.' 
His 12 overs went for 6L The 
ground- fielding, too. was not of 
the highest order. 

Kallicbairan. whose 99 came 
off IS) balls and included 12 
fours, scampered the short an- 
gles as eagerly as he picked off 
boundaries, all noth an economy 
of effort that won him the man 
of the match award. He and 
Smith were stamped by 
FotbergilL substituting for Mer- 
cer. who retired with back 
trouble. ■ 

A Christian lionized 

By Alan Gibson 

TAUNTON: Somerset beat Dor- 
set by eight wickets. _ 

I have long been fond of 
Dorset and Dorset cricket, for 
which 1 have seen many fine 
players perform. There wore 
Michael Watford, Ceen Me- 
-Carlby and — best menuny of all 
.—the Rev GLOJessop. whom I 

once saw. though he was 
approaching the venerable 
stag?, batting much as his father 

most have done in a match 
against Cornwall at Camborne. 

Another reverend gentle man. 
now playing for Dorset and from 
an oid Dorset fondly, drew me to 
Taunton yesterday. There be 
was. Andrew Wingfield Dtgby. 
Who qualified for the ministry 
after nmamerabte yew at Ox- 
ford. He woo foot Woes w a 

period of seven years. 

. Whether his absences were 
doe to periods of meditation or 
'rustication I have never been 
sore. He b now direct or of a n 
organization called “Christians 
in Sport" and took a cricket 
team under their same to butte 
test water. It was io aid w 

Indian spastics and cannot have 
done them anyh harm, since 
35,800 people attended tfcdr 
match at Coimbatore. 

His ra pnh on the tour was 
Vic Marks. Marks. Roebuck 
and Wingfield Dighy afi played 

'for Combined Universities when 

they, bad their femoaswia owe 
Yorkshire in, I think, 1977. So 

there was some friendly rivalry 
; on beneath die surface iff 

Wingfield Dfeby looked much 
the same, with these tong tegs 
consorting so -oddly with his 
short strides is the nm-op, like 
an evangelical curate approach- 
ing a session -with the Btebop of 
London. ' He most have been 
delighted to get Roebuck out and 
sorry he did not have the chance 
to get to grips with Maries, 
either with ban or bat. 

There was not much iff the 
cricket itself. Dorset were put in 
and bowled out for 132. Kennedy 
(formerly the Lancashire Ken- 
nedy) held the first part of the 
muhiff L and Stone pot some 
s t rengt h into the tafl. bat Garner 
■was too much -for the middle 

Roeback and Felton pot 
Somerset away to a comfortable 
start and there was Uttie excite- 
ment. -apart from Wingfield 
pig fay's moment, doubtless the 
product of much prayer, as they 
proceeded to victory hy eight 
wickets in the 34th over. Felton 
was made man of- the match, 
though X thought there was just 
as good a case for Kennedy or 
Garner. ; 

Dorset fielded weU. They ware 
outclassed balitot disgraced ami 
| expect they wHl have a good 
season. -It was a lovely, stony 
day and a pity that foe match 
conk) not Have lasted long®. 

run Hayes out, quite without 
compunction, he stayed on 
and played very soHdly. 

Bailey, an England wing 
three-quarter, found Imran 
too'mudi to tackle. It was a 
gorgeous day for watching, 
though not for seeing Imran go, 
round the wicket to bowl a 
bouncer at Green, a useful 
bonder bimsdf but no sort of a 
batsman. For bowling 12 ad- 
mirably accurate overs, to a 
full length. Reeve was made 
man of the match. 

Sussex, baiting by 220, lost 
Alfl chan to foe fifth ball of 
their in pj n g s- While foe ball 
was new, CSreen, a big fellow, 
moved it about enough to beat 
both Patter and foe Sussex 
Green more than once. Suf- 
folk, in fact, bowled and 
fielded well enough for Sussex 
to tnalre quite heavy weather 
of scoring the runs they need- 
ed. Imran bad taken 20 overs 
to make 28 when he was 
caught in front of foe 
sigh tscreen, and Parker was 35 
overs making 40. They were in 
no hurry of course— but it was 
still tq Suffolk's credit 

proride a 
rescue act 

By Peter Ball 

STONE: Glamorgan beat 
Staffordshire by 6 1 runs. 

Glamorgan eventually de- 
feated Staffordshire, those un- 
certain representatives of the 
minor counties, with some com- 
fort. winning with 10 overs to 
spare, but they needed a new 
eighth-wicket 60-over com- 
petition record between On tong 
and Davies to- set a target 
beyond their opponents of this 

Coming together when their 
county were in deep trouble at a 
134 for seven, the pair pm on 71 
in 1 3 overs, beating the previous 
record of 69 set by Rouse and 
David Brown for Warwickshire - 
nine years ago. Ontong hitting 
five fours in his SO before going 
on to take three wickets and 
earn the man of the match 
award. Davies also had not 
finished, claiming six victims to 
equal Bob Taylor's wicket-keep- 
ing record in the same 

It was quite a turn around 
from the morning, when cynics 
.who bad made Glamorgan the 
underdogs on the pleasant but 
undulating Stone ground had a 
point as they struggled against 
the minor county’s seam and 

Webster yielded only 10 runs 
in his first seven overs, claiming 
Hopkins's wicket into the bar- 
gain. Maguire and Blank were 
respectful. Benjamin rather 
more threatening as he proved 
when yoridng Holmes as 
Glamorgan stumbled to 43 in 22 

. Neither that dismissal nor the 
pace bowler's subsequent re- 
moval of Younis distracted a 
nearby school party of 13-year- 
olds from their game of pon- 
toon. backs resolutely turned to 
the cricket, but it gave Glamor- 
gan -cause for introspection, 
which was accentuated by the 
introduction of the left-arm spin 
of the local hero. Russel Flower, 
into the attack. 

Flower once acquired mo- 
mentary fame by bowiing'Boy- 
. cott in only his second match in 
first-class cricket at the advance 
stage of 35. and now he bowled’ 
with considerable accuracy and 
all the guile of his 43 years. He 
began with successive maidens 
and then drew Maynard forward 
for Griffiths to claim his first of 
two smart stumpings to go into 
lunch with the impressive fig- 
ures of 6-3-7- 1 . 

Carledge's off-spin proved 
equally, effective, afterwards, 
ending Monis's determined 
resistance, and as the promotion 
of Thomas and Moseley failed 
to shake the spinners' accuracy. 
Glamorgan were feeing an 
embarrassing result. Ontong 
and Davies removed the 

• -Their total was too much for 
the weekend cricketers. Dean, 
hitting the expensive Thomas 
for two fours in his opening 
over, gave notice of intent and 
Banks spoiled Ontong's figures 
as he bh him for successive sixes 
in smashing 37 off 23 balls, but 
with Davies's plundering style 
of stumping and irresisiable 
catches, the real underdogs have 
been granted their morning, not 
a whole day. 

Combined Uni vs v 
New Zealanders 


fCW ZEALANDERS; firet Siring* 

BA Edgar c sub bDmWaon T5 

JGWrfgWe Price b Thome 40 

K R Ruttvfonl nc4 out 91 

J J Crows c Today b Scott — 13 

* J V Coney not out 56 

--»•« T9 

J Coney not c 

Extras (to 6, wl. no 6) 
-fete (3 wtos) 


T J ftsrtcfci. E J Gray, tj E Sato. J Q 
BracaiwH. D A SWtog and W Watson to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-108. 3-132. 3-169. 
STREW P A C BaBJ 0 A Ha*", DJ Feto C 8 

Rumour. A KGokftifttAD Brawn. AM 

G Soon. JE Davidson 

UnyrireK H D Bird and K E Pahwr 

Championship table 

P W D L KB* Pta 

Essex (4) . 10 S 
Notts® 9 3 

I ~ 

Wove* (3? 10 

Warwicks pa io 
Sommet (in io 
Laics {IS 9 
Surrey (o) 9 
wares© .9 
LancsJ14) 9 
Kent® .8 

ES8M 1 

Northerns no} 9 
Mtodtasexp) 10 
Glam (12). B 

3 21 

4 22 

4 24 
6 18 

7 29 

5 23 

4 19 

5 12 

4 12 

8 23 

5 13 
7 15 

30 131 
29 98 

27 87 
23 95 

28 92 
26 67 
IS 80 
23 78 
28 77 
25 77 
18 78 
22 86 
28 54 
2D 48 
23. 46 
S2 as 
20 35 


Quick off the mark: Cummings, the Cheshire wicketkeeper, stumps Gray of Surrey at Birkenhead yesterday 


Hants t Herts 

Somerset v Dorset Sussex v Suffolk 


Hampshire Deal Her t t or ds h te by 4 Samrset beat Dorset by 8 wickets. 


WM Osman c Mchrias faftamlact _20 

S A Dean b Comor 6 

D G Otttey b Jame* 4 

E P Neal e C L Smith b Jamas 0 

MCGWririttbwbTtaristt 1 

■FEOoByerc end b Cowley 2B 

IM W C Stay st Parts b Cowley 20 

A R Carafes st Parts b Cowley S 

TS Smith cGreeridgab Connor 7 

W G Merry c Part* b Maratafl 0 

RJ Haley not out 7 

Extras (b 4, t> 7. w 12, Ufa 2} . 
Total (583 overa) 

C G Greeridge c Ofley b Many 

P Tarry bMerry 

.Sminc Osman b Hade* — 

OttfeybHaley — 


C L Smith e Osman b Hailey — 
*M C J Nicholas c Ouiw b Haley 
R A Smith c Garotte " 

KD James not out 
NG Cowley b Haley 
M D Marshal not out 

A M Ferreira not out . 
GJPanonsb Malone. 
K J Karr rui out 

Extras Pb7) 

Total (8 wtts. 60 overs) . 

*NA Riddtec Hunpage _ _ 
Wasim Rap c Humpage b Karr 
A S Petal c Airisa b Ferreira 
G Hurst tow b Smith 

■ P J Ktppax c Amiss b Uoyd 

G Johnson b Ash Din 

IE Com cHunpageb Ferrate 

SMaionab Ferreira 

fR A D Mercer not out 

Extras lb 1. to 14. w 2. nb 3) 
Total (55.1 overa) 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-91. 2-31. 341. 4- 
97. 5-138. 6-159, 7-170. 8-170, 9-182. IP- 

BOWUNG: Smal 6-1-17-0; Parsons 66 
14-1; Karr 12-2-32-2; Ferreira 1M-2W; 
Snaei 12-1 -28-2; Lloyd 6443-1; Ate Din 

Umpires: R Palmar and A Q T Whitehead. 

Devon v Notts 


Nottinghamshire beat Devon by 59 runs. 

B C Bread c and b Donohue 32 

R T Robmson c Turin b YaaMay 9 

DW Randal cN A FofendbAfin 53 

*C E B Rice c Edwards b Donohue _ 15 
P Johnson c N A Fcfland b Donohue _ 4 

R J Hadtaa c Gaywood b AMn 20 

tfi N French c Edwanja b Brown 45 

K P Evans c Tuppln b Brown 10 

R A Pick not out — 





E E Hammings not Out 

Extras (feB, w 2, nb 2} . 

Total (8 wtos. 60 overs) . 

K Saxafey <£d not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28, 2-46. 3-48. 4- 

83. 5-117. B-159, 7-195, 8-197. 

BOWUNG: Donohue 12-0-42-3: Yeebstov 
166361; Ain 16645-% Brown 161 -46 
2; Tierney 12-2-384). 


KG Rica tow b Hadlee 6 

N A Fritand b Ptt 4 

N G FOland st French b Hermanns _ 30 

N R Gaywood b Sax^by — 49 

J K Tierney c Johnson b Saxetoy 0 

•J H Edwards b Hadlee 5 

K Donohue c RandaB b Hammings 9 

P R Brown not out . 14 

tfl C Turpin tow b Pick . 
AWAlin notout 



Extras (b 6, to 9. w 4. nb 2} 21 

Total (8 wkts. 60 overs) 153 

D I Yaabsley rid not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10. 2-10, 698. 4- 
100, 5-10& 6-1 16. 7-120, 8-152. 
BOWUNG: Hadfce 94-10-2; PK# 11-1-23- 
2; Sax* toy 12-2-36-2; H a n w i iM S 12-2-2?- 
£ Rice 10-2-19-0; Evans 64-2WL 
Umptras: D R Shepherd and J H Harris 

▼ Middlesex 

Uhkaesex beef Oy N or tf iai r ym aa /u rB by 7 


w Lartms c Entoway b Hughes 40 

■Q Cook run out 57 

A J Lamb cEirbureyb Hughes 80 

RJBaaayc Downton b Daniel 34 

DJ Capri cMBerb^fejjjhas — . 

tow til 
b Daniel — 


DJ _ 

tS N V Watenon b Darnel 
N G B Cook b Emourey — 
N A W inder b Emburey . 
A War not out 

Extras (b 4. to 10. *» 3) 
Total [60 ovors) 

.. 1 
- 0 
- 1 

~ a 


1385 pariSoPS in bradritS 


- 258 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-77.3-138.3-205.4- 
22S, 5-229. 6-229, 7-235. 8-2SO. 9-Z54. JO- 

BOWLING: Derari 12-2-334; Cowans 8-0- 
364k Hughes 12-1-52-3; Edmonds 12-0- 
824k Emburey 12-0-43-4 Stock 2-6-14-0: 
Gatting 2-0-64). 


A JTMIBerstWJtononb Harper — 35 

WH State cVtaenonb Capri 18 

-M W Gaffing not out 118 

CTRadBycBfidoRftSender 6t 

R 0 Butcher not out - — - 10 

Extraa Ob 10. w 4) . 14 

Total (3 wkts. 59 ovare) — 282 

tP R Downton, J £ EmPuray. P H 
Edmonds. S P Huanas. N G Cewana and 
WW Daniel rid not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-38. 387.3-230. 
BOWUNG: Maftandar 12-CM4-1. Capri 
12-1-29-1: Wafev 11-1-63-0: WM 7-062- 
0,H GBCoQh 60-38-0; Harpet 114L5B-1 
.umpires: k j Lyons and P B wight. 

_ 0 
- 2 


SJ Tunei tow b Gamer 0 

C Stone notoot — 32 

ARWhgnridDktoystGardbRichanle 7 
I E W Senders c rollon I 

R P Merriman tow b Dredge — 
R V Lewis c Harden b Gamer 

SJHaSdaylbwb Taylor 

*A Kennedy b Gamer 

VB Lawns D Gamer . 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 342, 3-42. 4- 
44. 5-47. 5-93, 7-105, 8-1 06, 9-107, ID- 
122 . 

BOWUNG: Connor 113-2-23^: Marshal 
12-4-1 2-1 ;Tretriett 12-1-23-2; Jama»7-1- 
19-2; Cowtoy 12-3-19-3: Nicholas 4-1 -M. 

. 1 


. 4 


Extras (b1.to3.w5) : 9 

Total (GwklS. 41 Covers) 124 

T M TTamlatL TR J Paries. C A Connor dkl 
not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8, 2-39, 385,4-87, 

BOWLING: Many 128-27-2; Nari 8-1-29- 
0; Garatal 3-1-11-0: HaBey 12882-4; 
Smtth 68-17-0: OtUay Aft 4-0. 

Umpires: J W Holdar and R JuKan. 

Warwicks v Durham 


Wanutcksbb* boat Durham by J3S runs. 

T A Uoyd b Malone 4 

P A Smth at sri) b Greensward 
A I KaHcharran st sub b Ktppax 
D L Amts b Johnson 

21 - 2 ; 


NA Felton not out 

*P M Roatmck o Kennedy 

bWirwflrid Dktoy 

J J E Hardy eftaey b Kennedy . 
I VA Richards not out 


tG W Humpgge c Wasim Rain b (Oppax 7 
Ate Din tow b Ktppax 7 

- 32 

— 2 
_ 3 


G C Smal and *H Gfflord dd not baL 
EAU. OF WICKETS; 1-4, 2-141. 3843. 4- 
251.5-261, 6-298. 7-805. 8817. 
BOWUNG Malone 12-1-51-2: Johnson 
10-1-50-1; Graansvwrd 12-1-50-1: Conn 
4-0-27-0: warim Raja lftft-71-0: Ktppax 


JW Ustar b Parsons 19 

S Qraensword st Humpage b Karr — 9 

mpage bSrrah 33 

- 6 
. 6 
. 6 
. 0 
- 6 
_ 0 
■ ■ 20 

I R Payne C Uddey b New . 
tR C Russel c Senxnons b 
*0 A Grmney not out . 

D V Lawrence b New . 

C A Walsh not out. 

Bctrea (b 4. to 7. w 9, nb 1) . 
Total (9 wkts. 60 overs). 

MG Uddey cRussriib Lawrence — 18 

DB Goman cAthayb Lawrence 1 



ML Simmons c Walsh bUoyds 28 

i Walsh 

■J F Harvey b Wtolsh 


B Jackson's! Russril b &svenay — 14 

P M Naw b Lawrence 4 

tME Stevens c and bQravaney 23 

JH Jones notout 12 

PJLewingBn bUoyda 0 

i4.w4.nb 10) 
Total (378 overs) 

*G A Gooch b HaBday 

C Gla d w in c Graham b Scott . 
PJPnchardc and b Graham . 



A R Border c Corby b Graham 23 

D R Pringle c Old b wakams 22 

AWUlwbCMd 113 

KR Pont b Scott 20 

N A Foster c Dreyer b Hattday 6 

TD EEast bWftams : 28 

J K Lever not out 1 

Extras (b 1. to 14. wS, nb 1) .21 

Total (9 wkts. 60 overt) 298 

D L AcMd did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-32, 280, 382. 4- 
93. 5-163. 6-217, 7-224. 8-284, 9-298. 
BOWUNG Old 12-2-73-1; SCoB 12-3-55- 
z wmms 12-352-2: Graham 12888-2: 
Haffidey 128-75-2 


GDHafltdayb Pringle 57 

K Pearson c East b Gooch 61 

R Dreyer rui out 26 

K C «WBams c Border b Foster 83 

P G Cormack b Fostar 5 

— 3 

G R Morris. C M Old. P C Graham and P 
Scott (fld not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-118. 2-128. 3-188. 
4-188. 5-197 

BOWLING Lew 10-4-268: Foster 12-2- 
30-2: Gooch 12-343-1; Prtiste 9-2-36-1: 
Acflekl 7-1-27-0; Pont 8-1-358; Border 2- 
0-1 18. 

Urapkes: 8 Leaifteaterand D Uoyd. 

Cheshire v Surrey 

Swrey beet Cheshire by 98 nets 

AR Butcher c J S Hftchmough 
b Crawley 

*M E Younger not Old . 
tK Corby not out - 

Extras (to 11. w4)_ 

Total (5 wkts. 60 overs) . 

G S CUnton c Crawley 


A J Stewart c J5 HKchmougb 


M A Lyncne Yales b Wood . 





TEJestyc O'Brien b Wood 8 

A Neertiam at CcenmmgB b Wood 4 

fC J Retards not out 23 

M A Fefthom c and b J S HJtchmougti 1 

M Btckned ran out 2 

A H Gray St Cixnmfngs b Wood 3 

1*1 Pocock notout 2 

Extras (D1. to 5. w2) 8 

Total (9 wfcm. 6Q ovors) - 

_ 198 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-65. 2-109. 3-14B. 4- 
162, S-163, 6-188, 7-166. 8-172, 9-180. 
BOWUNG: J S HWtmougrr 12-3-37-2: 
Mudassar 10-2-31-1: Crawfey 10-1-23-1: 
Sutton 8-1-19-0: Wood 12-1-584; OBrten 

. 1 
- 0 

0 Wood tow b Gray 

S C Yaws c Nariffum fa Butcnar , 
Mudassar Nazar tow b Grey — - 

1 Coritoam c and b Btcknaa 

N T O'Brien c Srinn b Grey . . 

J J HdEhmougti c Jesty b Needham .. 20 
jSHrtetimougbDFemiwn 22 

ST Crawley c Bicfcneti b Feftham — 17 

K TeasdaJe c and b Bldona IB 

-J A Sutton c and b Pocock 6 

rS Cunnings not out — 1 

Extrae(bl.to9;w3,nb2) H 

Total (SA overs} 159 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. M. 381. 4-42. 
5-84. 653. 7-129. 6-130. 8 Vi 9-1 53. 10- 

BOWUNG: Grey 12-3838; Fatton 133- 
27-2: BtlKtiar 12-3-27-1, BickneB 8-1-36- 

2 Pocock 9A-S-24-1. Needham *-1-12-1 
Unpns. B J Meyer and C Smith 

b Richards 2 

A Rkfley c Roehucfc b Atkinson — S 

K Stantry c Dredge blbytor 6 

Extras (to 6. w 4. nb 7) 17 

Totri(54.1 mn) 132 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-19. 385. 485. 
665. 6-70, 7-87. 8-81. 9-115. 10-132. 
BOWUNG Gamer 9-336-4; Taylor 9.1-2- 
6-1-161: Maris 1361 

AUdnson 62-161. 





Sussex beat Stefa* by 7 wickets. 

M S A McEvoy b Standing 19 

G Moreen c and bknran . 7 

*S M dements c Jones b Stanifng _ 13 

R Herbert c sub b Reeve .2 

PJ Caley b Reeve 12 

KG Brooks not out 28 

PJ Hayes run out D 

M □ Baieybionran 
R C Green b Invan 
R Pvbusb 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-35. 3-39. 4- 
49. 682. 670, 7-77. 696, 6106, 16108. 
BOWUNG Imran 12-1-27-3; Jonas 7-6 
260; Reeve 12-7-8-2: Wefls 61-7-0; 
Standkig 12-3-27-2; BaDblngton 3-0-62- 

R I Afthan tow b Green 0 

A M Green b Bailey 22 

Effmp2.li3.w1.tto4) 10 

Total (2 teas, 332 overs) 135 

R J Harden, VJ Mario. J C M AUdnson. fT 
Qard. J Gamer. C H Dredge and N S 
Taylor dxl not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-77. 6111. 
BOWUNG Shanty 102-2-460; Sancton 
4-0-200; Mflngfiekf Digby 92-361; Stone 
66260; Kennedy 4-161- 
Umpkac C Cook end D J KalfyanL 

Berkshire v Gloncs 


GbucasteraMre beet Berkshire by l& 

A WStovridst Stmem bLawington 58 

A J Wright c and b Roope 51 

CWJ fyrwf c Stovers D LeMngton — 4 

P Brirtoridga c Nsw b Lawtogkxt 14 

KMCuranbNew 38 

JW Lloyds e and b Jackson 1 

* •' — — 23 



PWG Packer not out 

hnran Khan c Green b Hayes _ 


Extras <b 8. to 2. w 6 nb 5) 
Total (3 wkts. 35.1 overe) . 

IS Anderson bTosetaid — 
A HD c WBcock faTosetand . 

JE Mom not out 

fS Roberta not out , 

> 21 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-120. 6122. 6132, 
4-145. 61 4& 6203, 7-211. 3217. 92T9. 

80WUNG Junaa 126661; Jackson 16 
2-361; Naw 136833; Roope 166361; 
Lewkigton 12-6233- 

Extras (lb 5. w 30. ito 3) 
Total (3 wkts. 80 overe) . 


M8T Owsran c Hokfingb Newman . 11 
JMCradcke Barnett faSharma 10 

A Snowdon c Morris b Bamatt 
S Hunt b Sharma 

G Furze c Roberts b Barnett . 

C A Lovefl b Stwrma 

D A Tosriend b Bamett 

tS Eva not out 

— _18 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8. 638. 639. 4-52, 
6S2. 680. 7-104. 6105. 6128. 16129. 
BOWUNG Lawrence 66364: Walsh 7- 
0-30-2; Uoyds 1163362; Graveney 11- 

Umpire*: DJ Dennis and DL Evens. 

v Essex 


Essex beat Northumberland by 79 runs. 

Tbtal ( 58.1 own ) 

J G Thomas c Archer b Canledge 

E A Moseley b Rower 

tT Davies not out 

Trial (B wkts. 60 overs) 292 

N v Radford. J D inenmora aid A P 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-101 . 6189. 4- 


BOWUNG Busby 136460; Anted 166 
796. Hottens 61-261: Cribs 61-47-1; 
Evans 161-361; Porter n-1-58-3. 

G C Ford c Girts b Hick 50 

M D Nuflon e Radford b Pate 31 

D A J Wise c Pste b DVinwre 14 

*P JGwrwr nttout Si 

GR Hobtsnsnriout — . — 15 

Extras (lb 7. w 2. ito 5) 14 

Total Pvrkts. 60 overs) 148 

t a Cresaey. S R Porter, R N Bushy. R A 
Evens, I J Gums end K A Arnold did not 
baL - 

FALL OF WCXET5: 1-78. MB. 6120. 
BOWUNG: Radford 161-260; Pridgow 
61-160; tnenmore 61-160: Weston 61- 
20-0; Paw 7-461. D OVvetra 61-24-1; 
HW 7-1-21-1 . Smith 1 -0-5-0; Rhodes 16 
1 - 0 . 

Umpires- P J EM sid R A WMta. 

Lelcs v Ireland 


Lawestersfike beat ketent by 1ST runs. 

R A Cobb e Vincent bMWmo 26 

L Potter c Garth bCoriett 11 

PWVeybMitfng 101 

*D I Gower not out . 

JJ Whitaker c Cohan bMWng .. 

W K R Benjamin bMWng 

Ms(bl.lb4.wio.itol) _ 

Extras | 

Total (5 wkts. 60 overs) . 






_ 1 
_ 18 

C M WMS. C P Phtepson. y J Gould. 0, A 
Reeve, A N Babbington and AN Jonas dd 
not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 16. 639. 6103. 
BOWUNG Green 7-1-161; Pyb»4627- 
0; Beley 7.1-624-1; Hayes 6461: 
Herbert 61-24-0. 

Umpires: 8 DuGeston and D S 

Derbyshire v 


Oerbys b ke beet Comwat by 204 ruts. 

-KJ Bamett blovea 26 

T J Boon. tP WWtdcase. P A J De Freitas, 
J P Agnew and L B Tayiar did not beL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-36. 2-48. 6257. 4- 

BOWUNG Coristt 126561: Mttn 126 
664; Garth 161-460: HaKday 7641-0: 
McBrina 161-860: Maaood 5635-0- 

S J S Warka b De Freitas 12 

MF Cohen c Cobb b Potter 32 

DG Dennison c and bWBay 12 

M A Masood c Boon b Taylor 26 

0 A Vincent not out 22 

JDGarth not out 

Extras (lb 8. w 1 1 . nb 7) . . 
Trial (4 wkts. 80 overs). 

— 12 
— 2 


A MriMne.SCCorieo.tPB Jackson. *M 
Hatoday and H MNtog dd not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-77. 336 4- 

BOWUNG: Agnew 6-6126 Taylor 161- 
261; Benjamn 11623-0: Oe Fritoes 76 
161: WBey 126161; Potter 126261: 
Boon 1660; Whitaker 1-160. 

Umpires: R H Duckett end N T Plews. 

Lancs ▼ Cumberland 


Lsncashke beat Cumberland by 8 


MD Woods c Mends bO'Sftajghnessy 22 

CJSIockdatebABott -8 

G D Hodgson b Foley — - K 

B W Rddyc Wattdnson b Atatoems ^ 33 

S Sharp not out - — 40 

*JR Moyas tow bAbratama 9 

S D PMprook not Out 14 

Extras (to 7, w 8, nb2) . 
Total (5 wkts. 60 overs) 






R J Finney. R Sharma. M A HaWna 
JeeiKlacques. P G Newman and P 
Russel dd not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS. 1-58.2-344,3357. 
BOWUNG: Snowdon 12-1-37-0; Loral 
126861; Hiatt 126876 Furaa 161-56 
tfcloeel m d 16341-2. 


*E G WOcOck b Jaat-Jacques 5 

TJ Angora b Finney 13 

PJStaptatac Morris b Sharma 54 

DHanwellw NBouatead. j BESaray and 
EK Sample dd not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-26. 236, 6101, 4- 
117, 6142. 

BOWUNG: Atott 166361; Watktoaon 11- 
6260; MakJrrson 7-1-360; 
ershaudwesw 61-261; Foley 161-36 
1; Abnrams 12-6262. 


GD Mends bReidy 25 

G Fowler c Elaray p HetoMfl J 

J Abrahams not out 67 

*CH Uoyd not out 57 

Extras (b 9. to 8. w 5) 22 

Trial (2 wkts. 51-2 overs) 




„ 1 
_ 0 

- 39 
_ 0 

- 17 

FALL OF WICKETS: 16 2-37. 333. 4-94. 
6115. 6116 7-120. 6120. 6121 , 16161. 
BOWUNG Hairing 6660; Jean-Jao- 
gues 61-14-1; Finney 6-6261; Nawmen 
62-161; Rusaal 62-260: Sharma 166 
264; Bantet 11.1-6343; HB 66133. 
Umpires: A Jepson end M J Mtchart 

Staffs v Glamorgan 


GUmorgan beat S ts ttordsbirB by €1 nets. 

J A Hopkins tow bWatoster 5 

H Moitast GtfSths b Caritodge 48 

GC Holmes b Benjamin 13 

Yowls Ahmed b Beniamin 2 

MP Maynard at GrifBttisb Rower 9 

*R C Ontong not out 5f 

. 4 


Extras (b 5, l> 8, w 5, ito $ 21 

Trial (7 wkts, 60 overs) 205 

J Derrick and E A Moseley dd not beL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 354. 683. 4- 

78.6104.6129.7- 134. 

BOWUNG Webster 161-461; Maguire 
61-24-0; Blank 62-330; Benjunbi 11-6 
37-2; Rower 163-34-2: Caritedge 61-21- 
2 . 


SJ Dean tow bHabnes 23 

□ Carttodgec Davies b Holmes 13 

G S Warner c Davies b Hoknes 19 

D Banks c Thomas b Ontong . 

■» J Archer c Davies b Derrick 
tA Griffiths st Davies b Ontong 
A J Webstar c Davies b Ontong 
J Benjamin st Darias b Steele . 

DC B&k c Thomas b Steele - 

R W Flower c Moseley b Derrick 4 

K R Maguire not out 0 

Extra7(t? 3. w 1. nb 1) 9 

Total (463 overe) 144 

FALL OF WICKCT& 1-34. 643. 687. 4- 

103. 6108. 6108. 7- 129.6135.6141 . 1ft 

BOWLING: Thomas 66260: Mos eley 7- 
1-160; Hoknes 16621-3; Ontong li-6 
50-3; Demck 560-21-2: Steele 4-1-8-2. 
Umpires: J A Jamesm end C T Spencer. 

Worcestershire v 


Worcestentm boat Oxfordshire by *44 


TSCrattocCrassItyb Hottens 14 

D B DOkvwre c and b Porter 99 

G A Hick c Wise b Curtis — 27 

D M Smith c Ctatis h Evans 17 

•P A Naate b Porter 42 

ON Pate c Busby b Porter 20 

MJ Weston not out 44 

IS J Rhodes not out 11 

i (b4.ID6.vrB) — 18 

N H Faflhrcrther. tC Maynard. S J 
O'Shausmessy. M Wadcinson. l Foley. P 
J W ABott and D J Maktmun dd not bBL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28. 661. 
BOWUNG: Hatowsfl 12-2-261: Sample 
96-2-260; FWdy 12-634-1; Woods 10-0- 
44-0; Heray 61-26-0. 

Umpires: A A Janes and M Hendrick. 

Scotland v Kent 

Kent beat Scotland by 8 wxkets. 


ILPWipcBepiistebGRCowdrey - 27 
w A Donald c C S Cowdrey b Dttey _ 9 

■R G Sevan not out 64 

A B Russell run out 17 

NW Burnett run out 21 

O Henry run out - — 2 

D L Snodgrass tow b Jarvis 0 

D G Mow c Baprete b Driay 0 

PGDutttetowbDBley 1 

t J 0 Kmgttt b DMey 2 

A w J Stevenson b DSey 0 

Extras (b 1. to 14, w4. nh3) .22 

Tote (58J5 overs) 165 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 658. 6101. 4- 
144. 6150. 6151 . 7-153. 6156. 6165. 16 

BOWUNG; DBay 966265; Jan* 61- 
27-1; G R Conchy 1 1-630-1; Baptiste 6 
6160: Underwood 12-617-0: Taylor 66 
160; C S Cowdrey 2-612-0. 


MR Benson cHentyb Stevenson — 18 

NR Taylor stKnflMb Henry 26 

C J Tsvare not out 48 

*C S Cowdrey not out 62 

Extras (to 2, w 10) 12 

Total (2 wkts. 536 overs). 


BS Janos. 

Underwood did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-39. 2-64. 
BOWUNG: Duttve 61-22-0: Brinett 96-1- 
260: Mow 1 1-4-32-0: Stevenson 62-31-1; 
Henry 162-34-1; Donald 60-17-0. 
Umpires: J H Hampshire andT G Wilson. 

Yorkshire v Cambs 


Yorkshn hear Cembndgeshke by 7 


I Cowdrey. D G Aden. E A E Beptete, K 
i Janos, ts A Marsh. G R DiUey and D L 

*G V MOer c Sharp b Ftotcher . 

fM AGamnamc 

Cairick . 

: Btakey b Ftetctar . 
D R Parry c Sharp b Fletcher . 

. 8 
- 6 

J D R Behson c Blafcey b Hartley 85 

C Lethbruae b Camck 0 

D R Vmcent tow b Hadley 6 

I S Lawrence c BfeJeey b Hadley 4 

M G Stephenson not out 8 

D C CoBard not out 4 

■■ 21 

Extras (to 9. w 10. nb 2) .- 
Total (8 wkts. 80 overs) — 

D C Wing dto not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18. 2-29, 3-39. 4- 
77. 6104. 61 12. 7-144. 6187 
BOWLING: Dennis 12-6360: Jarvis 12-4- 
19-0: Fletcher 12-1-53-3' Hartley 161-46 
3; Camck 1667-6 


G Sqycon run out 31 

M D Moxort ran out 75 

A A Metcalfe tow b Stephenson 23 

K Simp not out 33 

J D Low not out 8 

Extras (b 2. to 6 w 3 


— Tote (3 wkts. S3.1 overs) . 

tR J BMm. "P Carrick, P J Hartley, f 
Jarvis. SJ Dennis and S D Fletcher did 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-68.2-112.615S. 
BOWUNG: LMtetdge 60-260; Mng 6 
6260: Poiard 11-1-31-0: Parry 12-6*2- 
ft Stephenson 16ft42-1: Benson 2.1-6 

Umpaes: D O Oslear and H J Rhodes. 

• a memorial cricket match in 
honour of Bill Edrich, the 
England and Middlesex bats- 
man who died in April will be 
held on July 27 ai Amersbam 
Cricket Oub, Buckingham shire, 
starting at 2.15pm. Denis 
Compton will captain a side 
against a team led by Edricfa's 
son. Justin. Players will be 
drawn from the Edrich family, 
and past and present Middlesex 
and England teams. 

Derby pair 
the record 

By Peter Marson 

Derbyshire's crushing victory 
against Cornwall, whom they 
beat by 204 runs in the first 
round of the NatWest Trophy at 
the County Ground. Derby, 
yesterday, could be attributed to 
Alan Hill, who made 134. and 
Iain Anderson, who made I S3 
in a record-breaking partnership 
of 286 for the second wicket, as 
Derbyshire moved to 365 for 
three from their quota of 60 

Hill's and Anderson's 
partnership established a new 
record for any wicket in the 
NatWest or its predecessor the 
Gillette Cup when they eased 
past 234. the total in an un- 
beaten fourth wicket partner- 
ship between David and Give 
Lloyd in Lancashire's match 
against Gloucestershire at Old 
Trafford in 1978. It also bet- 
tered. by one run. the previous 
best in all one-day competitions, 
that by Greenidge and Turner 
for Hampshire against Minor 
Counties at Amersham in 1973. 

Essex had been invited to bat 
at Jcsmond and were soon 
struggling to make runs against 
Northumberland. Chris Old. the 
former Yorkshire and England 
player, had been the reason why. 
As a result Essex had been slow 
to get started and they lost 
Gladwin to Scott and Pnchard 
to Graham in reaching 60 for 
two. It was here, though, that 
Gooch stepped up a gear, and he 
had been cruising along nicely, 
hitting a couple of sixes and four 
fours when he played over a ball 
from H alii day to become the 
fourth wicket to fell at 93. 

Northumberland probably 
enjoyed their lunch, though, for 
by that rime Border had been 
taken too. and that was 128 for 
four off 38 overs. Lilley. who 
had been 27. now set off to hit 
his way to a dashing hundred in 
which there were frve sixes and 
eight fours as Essex made 298 
for nine. Their attack had the 
measure of the minor county as 
the holders of the NatWest 
Trophy went on to win by 79 
runs despite a brave show from 
the Northumberland batsmen. 

At Exmouth. Nottingham- 
shire rounded up Devon to win 
tty 59 runs, but Devon had been 
another side to have enjoyed a 
successful morning. Having 
won the loss and chosen to field, 
Edwards will have rubbed his 
hands at having accounted for 
Broad. Robinson. Rice and 
Johnson for 83 runs. Randall 
and Hadlee then hinted at a 
partnership as Nottinghamshire 
came in to lunch at 1 17 for four. 
If Hadlee was soon gone after- 
wards. then Randall made a 
half-century and French 46 as 
Nottinghamshire reached 212 
for eight. 

Top teams 
a warning 

By Mike Berry 

The favourites dominated the 
seventh round of ICC Trophy 
qualifying games as the major 
teams drew on their pedigree in 
the Midlands yesterday. All the 
top sides had victories, with 
Zimbabwe showing their consid- 
erable strength with a 1 0-wicket 
win against East Africa in 
Group One and the United 
States, Bermuda and The 
Netherlands living up to their 
reputations in Group Two. 

Denmark had a vita] Group 
One victory over Kenya but it 
came amid high drama in a low- 
scoring contest at Kenilworth 
Wardens, their last wicket pair 
sharing a stand of 26 to secure a 
one-wicket win. Kenya had 
made only 121 but the Danes 
allowed the comfort of 80 for 
four to collapse us 96 for nine 
before the late efforts saw them 

Zimbabwe’s win over East 
Africa was contrastingly conclu- 
sive. East Africa slumped from 

121 for three to 140 all out as 
Eddo Brandes took three wick- 
ets in four balls on the way to 
five for 37 and David 
Houghton, their captain, then 
made an unbeaten 87. 

The best bowling in the 
competition to date. Ron 
Elferink's six for 14, and another 
fine innings of 32 not out by 
Steve Atkinson gave The 
Netherlands a nine-wicket win 
against FqL The Americans 
owed their convincing win 
against Gibraltar to an un- 
broken third-wicket partnership 
of 125 between Sew Shivnarain, 
the former West Indian Test 
player, and Teddy Foster. 
Shivnarain made 70 not out and 
Foster an unbeaten 41. 

Bermuda, needing to win all 
force of their remaining games, 
came up trumps to beat Canada 
at Boumville. They bowled 
tightly to remove C ana d a for 
1 19 and achieved the runs for 
foe loss of two wickets 
RESULTS: Graui One AI NanMcb: East 
Africa 140 (35-2 Overs. G Sheriff 72; E 
Brandes 5 for 37). ZfmMbwe 143 lor no 
wicket (27 overs. D Houghton 87 not ouL 
G Paterson 55 not out). Znibstwe von by 
10 wickets. At U erefeitfc Argentina 122 
(492 overa). Bangladesh 126 for 3 (39.1 
overs. R Hassen 47 not out). Bangladesh 
won by 7 motets. AI K aeftwom War- 
dens: Kenya 121 (485 overs) Denmark 

122 for 9 (48 overs). Denmark won by 1 

Group Two: At Aston Manor ; GtoraBar 
136 (446 overs. G de'Ath 47: U 
Prabhudas 5 tor 23). USA 137 for 2 (25-5 
overa, S Shhmarain 7D not out T Fdster4i 
not sit). USA won by 8 wteceis. At 
Bo w nvBe- Canada 119 (52 overa. N 
Gieeans4 for 18). Bermuda 123 for 2(35-4 
overa. S LxjWboume 70 not oup. Bw- 
mu0 * "o* 1 oy 8 "rickets. Ai Oono w M i ; 
Hp 103 (406 overa, R Start* 6 for 14). 
The Nettatanos 108 lor 1 (204 overa, S 
Atkinson 52 nor outL The Na mata nds 
won by 9 wfebsta. At natitt Oreera tsnte 

158 (58 overs. S Perlman 41). Hong Km 

159 for 2 (47 mere. S Myles 87 not out! 

Hong Kong won by 8 wdcots. 

Award winners 

READING: D V Lawrence (GtOuS) 
BIRKENHEAD: a r Butcher (Surrey) 
DERBY- A HO (Oerbystatt) ’ 
EXMOUTM: N R Gawwod (Devon) 
SOUTHAMPTON: R J Hailey (Herts) 

OLD TRAFFORD: J Abrahons (Lancs) 
IZJCESTBtD I Gower (Lercs) 



TAUNTON: N A Fefaonl 

STONE: R C Ontong (Qemo 
HOVE: D A Reeve (Sussex) 

EDG BASTON: A I KaBctarran (War) 
WORCESTER; D B DOSveka (WtorcSl 
HEAD1HGLEY: J D R Benson fcamS) 




Blunder by Bats spurs Germans 

From David Miller 

W Germany 

West Germany, unimpres- 
sive in their earlier matches, 
revived in last nighi’s World 
Cup semi-final to take the lead 
after nine minutes and frus- 
trate the greater individual 
skills of France. A free-kick 
was. lapped by Magath to 
Brehme who hit the.ball under 
the French goalkeeper, who 
was diving to the near post. In 
a^'hard tackling match .too 
often interupted by free-kicks, 
the strength of the Gentians 
kepi the French in check 
thoughout the first half 

If God had an Argentinian 
band on Sunday, he now had a 
German foot in the first of 
Wednesday's semi-finals, 
when West Germany were 
able to take the lead after 10 
minutes against France with a 
shot which screwed into the 
net under the body of Bats, the 
■French goalkeeper, as he made 
his first error of the 

It had been the kind of 
beginning we had expected 

and feared. On a cooler, 
almost European day of cloud 
and varying sunshine, the 
Germans immediately sat on 
the match, committed a few 
quick fouls to give the French 
a 'feeling of what they were in 
for and France were forced to 
fell back and think more about 
defence than attack. 

Briegel, that muscular left 
back, was soon into theatrical 
pretence of an injury to his 
thigh when he had in fact been 
caught on the foot: all the old 
sickening stuff we bad seen in 
the final of 1982. The goal 
came as Bossis brought down 
Rummenigge a yard outside 
the penalty area. 

The French wall lined up; 
Magath tapped the free kick to 
Brehme, who had switched 
bill tack positions following 
the suspension of Berthold. 
He struck it left footed round 
the right hand end of the wall. 

Bats seemed to see it late, 
flung himself forward, never 
got a grip on the balk and it 
screwed underneath him off 
his chest and rolled into the 

Now the French had even 
more of a fight on their hands 
than they would have wished. 
In response came 10 minutes 
of French pressure as the ball 
began to flow from them, man 
to man. in the way for which 
the crowd longed, those who 
were not Germans. An inter- 
ception by Araoros sent 
Bellone away on the left his 
cross flew high to Platini on 
the right, a touch square to 
Giresse, and a low shot skid- 
ded past Schumacher's left 
post. France were getting their 
tails up. 

Tigana made ground 
through the middle, found 
Platini, and his firet time flick 
to Giresse was miscued by the 
little man from Bordeaux who 
had taken time to warm up in 
almost ail France's matches so 

From one of many free 
kicks against the Germans, 
Giresse scooped the ball al- 
most without pause over the 
gathering wall. Platini swung 
and shot in one movement on 
the volley and Schumacher 
plunged to his left to parry the 
ball one-handed. 

Yet the French flame was 
doused almost as soon as it 
had flickered. Germany's pre- 
cise marking in midfield, their 
close passing and the angled 
running up front of Allofs and 
Rummenigge was beginning 
to pull France's defence in all 
directions. Briegel and Eder 
were combining with Allofs 
down the left in quick little 
triangles to have Amoros and 
Fernandez spinning in 

After 25 minutes Platini lost 
control in a dangerous posi- 
tion when put in on the left of 
the penalty area by Bellone, 
but increasingly the Germans’ 
fierceness in the tackle was 
blunting any French forward 
movement Several times 
Platini or Bellone would jump 
as the tackle came in, prefer- 
ring to keep their limbs intact 

A fine combination between 
Briegel and Eder led to Briegel 
having a shot blocked, 
Rummenigge having an open 
goal from 14 yards on the 
rebound and Bats saving with 
his feet in desperation. Min- 
utes later a similar succession 
of triangles on the right be- 


for the masters 

- - w. ■. 



£ ‘ * m i 

• • •• v 


Mexico City (AP) — Diego 
Maradona and Michel Ptatmt 
are not only Workl. Cop 
contenders for the rag of “best 
player in the world”. They are 
also finked by the “Italian 
connection. Both parade tbesr 
skills m the league -that has 

become recognized as one of the 

most competitive. 

. There is. more money in die 
Italian League than probaWy 
any other and that means its 
dubs can afford to lure the best 
players ' with lucrative .contracts 

and appealing lifestyles. 
Footballers in Italy are adored 
and; more important, well re- 
warded for their endeavours. 


■ . ‘ ' M 

r . .. ‘ •vrafcflH 

• w ■ 

, w 

. : 


V :! ; ' 


• 'A 

tween Allofs and Rolff gave 
Rolff a chance from 12 yards 
and again Bats saved with his 

In a counter-attack on the 
left, Tigana made ground 
when it looked as if he would 
slip the ball left: on he went 
and a strong left-foot shot was 
parried by Schumacher. Yet 
France were continuously in 
danger against the fast-run- 
ning German assault, and 
when Allofs cut through on 
the left, Rummenigge was 
unmarked beyond the far post 
Allofs chipped the ball over 
the goalmouth, and with a free 

header Rummenigge failed to 
get any power behind the ball 
and Bats was able to let it run a 
yard wide of the post. 

France were counter-attack- 
ing but with none of the 
conviction they had had 
against Brazil. The physical 
challenge of the Gennans 
clearly discomfited them. I 
thought that Platini was clear- 
ly fouled from behind as he 
attempted to take a ball on the 
turn two yards inside the 
penalty area but the referee 
seemingly saw nothing wrong 
with Rolffs challenge. 

An overlap on the tight by 

FRANCE: J Bats: M Amoros. W 
Ayacha, P B a t tis ton. M Bossis. J 
Tigana, L Fernandez, A Giresse, M 
Platini, B BeOone, Y Stopyra. 

WEST GERMANY: H Schumacher 
H P Briegel. A Brehme. K H FBrster. 
N Eder, L Mattti&js, F Magath, K H 
R umm e n i g ge. D Jakobs. KABofs, W 

Referee: L Agnofln (Italy}. 

League appeal to goodwill 

Football officials are praying 
at the Christmas spirit wifi 

.that the Christmas spirit wifi 
prevent a repeat of last 
February’s crowd trouble when 
Manchester United players were 
' attacked with aerosol spray as 
. they got off the team coach for 
their match with Liverpool at 
An field. Next season's 
corresponding fixture has been 
moved to Boxing Day 

The Christmas date is seen as 
the best time to stage a match 
between clubs whose supporters 
have a tradition of unpleasant 
rivalry and is confirmed in the 
fixtures for the 1 986-87 season. 

The -fixtures include bad news 
for the England team, whose 
next target is the European 
Championship. Full League 
programmes are scheduled for 
the Saturdays before qualifying 

matches. A League spokesman 
said: "We were not approached 
to leave any Saturdays dear 
before internationals,” 

The play-offs, part of the 
reforms package voted through 

Stoke Ctty v Bk ml no na m City. TMnl 
dhmioK Hockpool v chesterfield. Bolton 
Wwto wi i Swmon Town, ftuntford v 
Bournemouth. Bristol City v Bwy. Chester 
v Carlisle. MensfleU Town v Doncaster 
Rovers, Middesbrough v Port Vata, 

Mexican Press change 
tune over ‘hooligans’ 

by League dubs last season, are 
likely to start in the week before 
the FA Cup final on May 16 

Newport « Gfl&ngham, Nods Couity v 
Wigan Athletic. Rotherham v Fulham, 
Wats a* v Bristol Rotors. York Oty v 
D a iington. Fowfli (flfeto n: Exater v 
Orient Hafitex v Aldershot Hartlepool v 
Cardiff, Hereford v Wrexham, Lincoln v 
Coichestar. Peterborough w Southend. 
Rochdale v Crewe. Scunthorpe v North- 
ampton. Swansea y Stockport. Torquay v 
Burnley, Trenmare Rovers v Preston 
North Bid. Wolverhampton Wa nderer s v 

From John Carlin, Mexico Oty ' 

The verdict among Mexicans the Fn gikh supporters who 

Arsenal v Manchester Unfed. Aston We v 
Tottenham Hotspur, Chariton v Sheffield 
Wednesday. Chelsea v Nonrich Coy. 
Everton v Notjmgham Forest, Locator v 
Luton. Manchester City v W hnMedon. 
Newcastle Urtfed v Liverpool, Southamp- 
ton y Queen's Park Rangers. Watford v 
Oxford. West Ham Unfed v Coventry- 
Second ti rt si or u Barnsley v Crystal 
Palace. Blackburn Roens v Leeds Unfed. 
Bradford City v Plymouth. Brighton and 
Hove AUon v Portsmouth, Derby v 
Oldham. Huddersfield v Sunderland. H* 

e Plans to replace the Screen 
Sport Super Cup with a British 
Cup seem certain to be thwarted 

by the Scots, whose dubs have a 
glut of midweek fixtures and 

City v West Bromwich Afcton. Ipswich 
Town vGrimsby Town. Reeding vftWwal, 
Sheffield Unfed v Shrewsbury Town. 

who have representatives in the 
three European cup 

on the behaviour or England's 
supporters seemed to be that 
they had been wronged, that 
they were not all “ hooligans" or 
" animals ” after afi, and that the 
England team had been robbed, 
that Maradona did handle to 
score his first goal in the World 
Cup quarter-final match dn 

Although scuffles were re- 
ported between English and 
Argentinian supporters and ar- 
rests were made, the Mexican 
Press appeared finally to have 
been persuaded after the match 
that the English “hooligans”, the 
blanket newspaper term for all 

came to Mexico, were not as 
fearsome as Mexicans had been 
led to e xp ect. 

The left-wiqg daily, . La 
Jornada carried a lengthy article 
in praise of the restraint shown 
by the English at the match, “ft 
was not the English who started 
the aggressions in the stands of 
the was the hard-core 
of the Argentine “Barras 
Brsvas” (wild gangs)—,” La i 
Jornada wrote. The British 
Ambassador to Mexico, Mr 
John Morgan, said that he was 
very pleased at the behaviour of 
the British supporters through- 
out the World Cup 


Legend of the Blue Charm 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

Afl(BvldatdssiA}ndtorascn^ ab matches for June 2ist 

reading man who wins 



24 PTS £3397-45 

23 PTS £67-65 

r ‘22VzPTS £15-25 

* 22PTS £6-60 

21Y2PTS £2-30 

or 21 PTS £0-75 

4 DRAWS £4-10 

12 HOMES £524 05 


6AVU4Y5 £25-95 j 

Ahm Mdufeto BBtaoflOp 

Expanses and Commission 
7th June 1986- 28-1K 

Legendary characters abound 
in fly fishing. One of the greatest 
among salmon fishermen is 
Arthur Wood, of Cairatoo, in- 
ventor and propagandist of 
greased line fishing on the Dee. 
He became famous for fishing a 
floating line and a small fly 
which was allowed an inert drift 
downstream. Arguments are still 
going on about what was meant 
by inert drift- 

Bot to Arthur Wood’s ghfllie 
no man was a legend, not even 
Arthur Wood. The story has just 
been told for the first time by 
Brace Sandisoa, who toured the 
whole of Scotland from the 
Tweed to Caithness doing re- 
search for a book on die Scottish 

One of the famous ghflfies was 
Jimmy Ross, of Rothes, who was 
brought up on the Aberdeen- 


shire Dee. He knew Arthur 
Wood at the time when all the 
talk was of fishing with a 
greased line and the great havoc 
which this was wreaking among 
salmon by the use of a small 
Blue Charm. 

Bat Jimmy Ross told Brace 
Sandisoa: **I knew Arthur 
Wood's ghfllie and used to meet 
him. in die pub at nights and 
asked him about all these fish 
that were being killed on a wee 
Bine Charm. ’Don't yon believe 
it,* was the reply. ‘It's a great trig 
Jock Scott that's doing all the 

work; and everybody for mfles 
around fashing away with these 
little Bine Charms they've bees 
rending about in the newspaper 

So such for legends. 'IPs toe 
of the stories in The Sporting 
Gentlemen's Gentleman (Allen 
and Unwin, £11-95), a remark- 
able book, fen of tales from the 
ghillies of Tweed and Tay and 
Spey, taken down with a tape 
recorder and 01 nm mated by 
whisky, giving the ghfllie's views 
of the men be worked for and 
telling some splendid fishing- 
bat stories, such as Jimmy 
Wallace's blow-by-blow account 
of how be hooked a partridge on 
tbe back cast- The bird flew low 
over the river, a salmon took tfae 
dropper and he landed both bird 
and fish. Many of the tales like 
this are so good yoa fed yon can 
smell the whisky in the words. 

Tel: 0272-272272 \ 
(24 hr. service) j 



! 24 pts £873-30 

-.23 pts.- £15-80 

‘ 22% pts £3-35 

22 pts- - £1-50 

>■21 16 pts £0fi0 

‘ Treble Chance Dividends to Unite of 


New Zealand 
quiet over 




12 HOMES £203-50 

(Paid on 11 Correct) (Nothing Barred) 

8AWAYS £44-10 

(Nothing Barred) 

4 DRAWS £4*25 

(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends to Unto of lOp. 
Exg*n|»and Commission lor 7rh June 

B.&. Of LANCS 


M.&. Of YORKS 


Tbe New Zealand Rugby 
Union remained alent yes- 
terday on whether all or any of 
the rebels who toured South 
Africa had returned statutory 
declarations stating they re- 
ceived nojpaymentstbr the tour. 

The union earlier this mouth 
set yesterday as the deadline for 
players and officials involved in 
the tour to answer questions on 
whether they broke rugby's i 
strict amateur rates . , . 

The rebels, who included 
most of the game's top perfonn- 
ers of recent years, denied 
rumours of large under-the- 
counter payments but foiled to 
respond to a union request to 
sign formal declarations. 

On June 9 tbe union said it 
was not prepared to “simply let 
tbe matter drop” and prepared 
legally binding forms covering 
direct or indirect payments to 

ADELAIDE: Safe Auamfen Pra«»W* XV 
19. Aigsntaa 38. 


Bfefe-Aiowican. Cfe a»- 
1. (very Moon (G Raster, 
to |P facoofea OB* 3. 

Vtejr. U5LI 



Anadafc Hampshire 220 lor 4 (T C IMdeon 
103. R J Scott m Sum* 210 far B (K 
B «BMw ill). H a mgs Mre vwn by one run. 
Boaaeaouttc Kent 164 lor G 
H tui i g tfwv 188 for 3 (T C 
Hampshire won by 7 wicket 
OartwsfWB 2 ia tar ft Kontnghamsnre 1 
5. Dw&rsiwe won by SO nn. Wrifa 
Gl a morgan 182 tar 8 {P A Corny 67fc 
Sonoran 136 tH R IMam 66). Gfamorgm 
won by *8 nro. 

Douglas mores 

The Doncaster Rovers foot- 
baller. Colin Douglas, aged 23, 
has signed for Rotherham 
United but tbe Yorkshire rivals 
are disputing the transfer foe. 
Doncaster value Douglas, a 
forward, at £20,000 but Roth- 
erham have only offered half 
that amount and the price may 


IPOH Ma tey jia. Dm notion irtiutinriiH 
W M BMHi ei to Croup As MMym 3, Japan 1. 
Group B: Pstean 3. Mfeysfa Juntos 3. 

be fixed by a tribunal. Douglas, 
who was Rovers' top scorer last 
season, recently rejected the 
offer of a new contract. . . 


ORLANDO, Florida: Unfed Stain wrwV 


24 Pts £279.35 fw 

23 Pts £4.15 S/ 

221* Pts £0.90 1 14. 

22 Pts £0.40 J /IS 


24 Pis £394.65] ro« 

1 fltoft BONUSlbr J.J4J nraj I ONLY 

1 24 Pts. _£71.75>1/_ 

both Players and their 
families. The union chairman, 
Russ Thomas, declined to com- 
ment before tom o rrow's ruling 
council meeting. 

• The French coach, Jacques 
Fouroux, has named the team 
for the international against 
New Zealand at L a n c a ster Park 
on Saturday. 

Guaroca (caperin). M Debar. 

(fed VI 3 by a a 1 by z 


iqpI g^fflsaaBto«. 


sosas,* Heam. ., 

O Vuatch. 2mm 0241sac Z O Fairbanks. 
233.19: 3. A to. 204.14. Woman: 400m 
ti wririK 1. 0 Batestott. 4-0337; 2, K 
Brown. 4;1 131 ; 3 . J Brewmaa. 4:i2S9. 100m 
backaHka; 1. B MtcttL 1«i20(Amencan 
rooig. 2. A UaDonay. liB.18. 3. L McLaan. 



Amanda Williams will join 87 
boys playing in the Kent area 
festival of Ihe Esso/LorxTs Tav- 
erners primary school (Ticket 
tournament at Gore Court CC, 
Siningboume. on Saturday. 
Amanda is hoping her team 

N ATIONAL IgAO Kifeote 46 [MYeaWs 12. 
SSfeMM 11). BfeM^am 32 (R WfoOB 9. ) 

from Murston County School in 
Siningbourne wjQ. beat thrir 
seven rivals and play the win- 
ners of the Home Counties 
festival for a place in the 1 
national final on -the County 
Ground, Derby, on July 23. 

CUK Sacondfemd: Btadford 45 
C Morion IILWoto to ntt H on 33 

A ban on overseas pfeyeis 
conmetu% in Italy was hfted in 
198u and all first di vision, or 
SerieA, dubs field two foreign- 
bom players. Maradona. .• the 
little Argentinian wizard, plays 
for NapwL Tbe French maestro, 
Platini, displays his skills for the 
richest dub of all, Juventns of 

Other big names contracted to 
Italian dubs indude the Brazil- 
ian midfield player. Junior (To- 
rino), tire veteran West German 
forward,- - Karl-Heinz 
Rummenigge (Inter Milan), and 
the outstanding Danish 
attacker, Michael Laudrup 
(Juveatus). Tfae Scottish cap- 
tain. Graeme Souhess (then 


Duel for a shot at the world crown: Platini (left) and Allofs in contention 

Ayache, who had returned 
after suspension, almost set up 
a it opening, hut with die 
whistle for half-time there 
could be no great optimism 
that France would be able to 
break out of the German hold 
on the game in tbe remaining 
45 minutes. 

Zurich (AF) — Joseph Blatter, 

secretary general of FIFA, has 
said that while he^ is “very 
happy** with die .World Cup 
tournament from; a sporting 
point of view, be is “not happy 
with the way it was organized**, 
according to an interview in die 
Zurich- Tages-Anzeiger 

"It was disappointing for me 
that the FIFA professionals 
again and again had to help out. 
Thai ismot very satisfactory and 
the consequence will be that 
FIFA will have to exercise even 
more influence oh the local 
oiganizets of the nod World 
Cup," Blatter sakL 

"Above afl. I have in mind the 
problem of ticket sales, winch 
was' dealt with in a very im- 

. Hussein said -other factors 
behind, tire failure were foe 
referees and injuries to their top 
forward, Hussein Saeed. ana 
defender Adnan DitjaL 
The official Iraqi news agency 
said IFA had now decided to 
switch from the, Brazilian to the 
German school of football. . 

• Hundreds ofSpanistl support- 
ers joyously cheered the na- 
tional team yesterday - at 

satisfactory way," he continued. 
“Especially in the first phase the 

“Especially in the first phase the 
stadiums were half empty and 
that hurt me very much." 

Blatter was quoted as saying 
that an ag ree men t with the 
organizers provided for SO per 
cent of tbe. tickets to be sold 
locally, mainly in a price range 
ofabout£2to£7, white the other 
half would be offered inter- 
nationally for about £L4to £35- 
FIFA bad objected to the or- 
ganizers selling the tickets in 
series, which they fclt to be an 
excessively expensive solution. 
• Uday Saddam Hussein, chair- 
man of Iraq’s FA, yesterday laid 
pair of tite blame for his 
country's first-round exit from 
the World Cup on Evaristo de 
Macedo, their -Brazilian coach. 
Hussein told a news conference 
that tbe Brazilian used players 
in tbe wrongposmons and kept 
a number of key men on the 
substitutes' bench. • 

De Macedo, who was on loan 
from Qatar and had been in 
charge of the squad for just two 
months, was sacked. after Iraq 
lost all time of tbeir matches in 

tional team yesterday - at 
Madrid's Barajas Airport as the 
players re t u r ned from the tour- 
nament. Spain gained much 
credit by knocking out Denmark j 
and only gomg down toBdghnn , 
in the. -quarter-finals S-4 on : 

. Spain's midfield player, Ra- 
mon Maria Caldere, said he 
thought they had played better 
iban Bdgrha but bad not had 
the luck during'the penalties. 
“Of course, I disagree with thar 
rule arid manner of deriding 
winners and I hope they change 
this system of breaking ties 
between teams by penalties by 
the next World Cup,” he said. 

. Although he had ocs returned 
with- the party, there were 
special cheers from the support- 
ers for Emilio Butragueno, tbe 
22-year-old Real Madrid fbr- 
ward, who scored four goals in 
the game against Denmark. 

• Monterrey has witnessed the 
poorest standard of fbotbaH 
during tbe. World Cup. The first 
round produced a series of low- 
scoring Group F marches there, 
involving -England, Portugal, 
Poland and Morocco. .The sec- 
ond-round match between West 
Germany and Morocco saw no 
improvement, being goalless 
until the 88tb minute, and there 
then followed tbe quarter-final 
between Mexico arid West Ger- 
many which foiled to yield a 
single goal in 120 minutes, the 
Germans eventually winning 4- 
l on penalties. 



Tour matches 

(11.30 to &30) 

CAMBRIDGE: Combined Univer- 
sities- v New Zealand . 

Cricket Conference v IntSa. 
Women’s first .Test match 
LEEDS: England v tntfa 

CROQUET: The ChaSenge and 
Obey Trophies (at Hunstanton); 
Roehampton toumsnent. 

CYCLING: British National pro- 
fessional circuit ch ampio n sh i ps (at 
Leek. Staffordshire). 

GOLF: Cyri Gray tournament (at 

POLO: Warwickshire tournament (at 

TENNIS: AB England champion- 
ships (at Wimbledon). • 
SPEEDWAY: Knock-out Cup: fps- 
iwch v Oxford, Sheffield v Coventry. 

National League: Mkkflesbro v 
BoetorrOpen (at Arana Essex). 

YACHTING: Britain v United States 
(at Cowes). 


Sampdoria of Genoa). Edinho 
of- Brazil (Udmcse of Udmc) 
and Hans-PBtcr ftsjd 
rbna) were among others to ugh* 
up the Italian stage test year. 

Juventns teed tto sta y 
overseas sigamgs. E*ri«r this 

its just 

month they spent £3 nriffitm on 
Liverpool Welsh tnter- 
-naiiopal, fan Rash. Rt^t way 
not even play for : them next 
season, unless the lunrt ofv "0 
imports per dob is lined. 
Juventns have arranged to loon 
Rush tack to Liverpool if ttw 
status quo is maintained. 

There arc a total of more than 
40 overseas players currently 
active m Italy, inducting a 
number -with Sene B teams. 
Italian dubs are wealt hy t x> 
cause, they have, three sources of 
rnmmp One is the a tte n d ance 
revenues, which yield up to 
£4,600.000 pcx team per season. 

The ridiest dubs also make 
up- to £70a000. a year from 
aomo nh i M and . a similar - sum 
from irievjsioo rights. A hum- 
ber of wealthy -individuals, usu- 
ally drib presidents, also bdpto 
support dubs, particularly id the 
purchasing of .top players. - 

.That is why Maradona can 
make, £1.600000 a. year, com- 
bining his Napoli salary with 
personal endorsements. Platim 
is estimated to earn slightly less. 

From Jofes Heresy 



Tbe Women's Wjwjta 
Goff Asroomito tab 

amM this week with at 


dat^pkwshjp. Twr amtttttom 
tenfoefcs taro tetaaled to a 
country where golf* w w toH, 
is the fastest yotrigg sp ort. In 
Hflversmn k proxies gfam 
defofor, a kind ef Wotox* « 
sS*wkh its praAento rif 

mcriy MfeS Grtee, ^ 
broken fresh gponad yah tar 

lacrstire ul n e -stroke riteftwy i» 
Bmssds test Snnto^tor first 

rito. The wonder is that it tank 
so ten*, canting, g*wn the 
metiodons and cara noth e ap- 
proach that characterised her 
amateur caff and ber saecess In 

the Cnrtjs Cap m atch against 
the Americans two years ago. 

But last year was a pafofa t 
experience of aednnateraton fo 

a new Efestyfo aad d & o^lYtUs 

yror ttad she has semedtorfy 

to ft.HH tar potentiaL Stralliag 
the lush fofrways of HHumuiu 
yesterday with her hasten* and 
she was a pfctme of 
serenity and setf-cnafidence. It 
had aft come right at fast, she 
explained. *Tve been hitting the 

ball magic all season." sta said, 
“bur some flute rfamgbtegene 
wrong to spoil rrerytMoa." 

Now with ber hasluaY mte- 
itive remfing of the green ‘Vith 

his raw eyes” (be fa n« a getter 

of pretettiions) it has aUcsne 
together. W&h a pnzr of £7^500 
following one of CL500 for joint 
second ptace at Cridy tbe week 
before, a frig financial harden 
has also been lifted. When ber 
husband was made redundant in 
February she suddenly found 
herself haring to pay all the 
bflis. It was a challenge gor- 
■m»«i to bring tot the best of 
ber character. 

She may not win again this 
week, bot she is unlikely to have 
to wait nearly so tong for her 
second victory as she dM for her 


bow out 

Anew sponsor is expected to 
beamwnced for foe Boat Race 
by foe end of the week (J5m 
Raflton writes). Ladbrofce's, af- 
ter 10 years' patronage of the 
Boat Race, are bowing out, 
haring contributed £580,000 in 
ton kind to foe race. 

The Oxford and. Cambridge 
bent dribs may have t» examine 

their consciences. There are now 

at least six boat races, which 
hdrif foe women's first and 
second crew* and foe men's and 
women’s lightweight races. 
Some of these crews are going 
through desperate financial 
n feifa- 

The Henley Royal Regatta 
show starts on Wednesday and 
for foe first time in its history 
lasts over five days. Some of 
Great Britain^ top international 
crews will be pranrineot. 

Steven Redgrave; who will 
start as a favourite for foe 
Diamonds and the Silver Gob- 
lets, may be under pressure to 
withdraw, bearing in mind Ms 
inte rn a tion al co mmitments 

Eastern promise 

Tokyo (AP) - The $300,000 
(£198,600) 1986 Mazda Japan 
golf classic, the final official 
tournament on this season’s 
United States women's PGA 
tour, will take place in Novem- 
ber. The 54-hole tournament is 

to be played on the 6.703yd, 
par- 72 Lions Country Club 
course at Yokawa in Hyogo 
state, western Japan. The win- 
ner of Japan’s richest women’s 
tournament wiU earn $45,000 
and a snorts car. 


Continued from pipe 47 

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Today’s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalle 

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a, ) ••■ 

6.00 Ceofax AM. 

&50 Breakfast Time with 
Debbie Greenwood and 
Mtak Ross. Weather at 
6-55, 7^5, 7.55, 8^5 and 
*55: regional news, 
weather and traffic at 637, 
7.27, 7.57 and *27; 

natkxial and international 
news at 7.00, 7J30, 8.00, 
8J5 and 9.00; World Cup 
and W*nWedcffi reports at 
7.15 and 8.15; Zoe 
Brown's menage report at 
732; and a review of Ova 
. morning newspapers at 
IL37- Pus, RJdiard 
Smith’s 'phone-in medical 
advice, the guests Include 
Dame KiriTe Kanawa. 

&20 The Parent Programme. 

Dr Sue Jenkins with 
advice on how best to 
cope with separation from 
si child when the under-five 
is sentto hospital or even 
' a playgroup. With Francis 
Wilson and Miriam 

School writii 

Roelfa Bertefnin and Fred 
' Harris. 10^0 Ceefax. 

1JM) News After Noon wWi 
Ridiard Whitmore and 
Moira Stuart, indudes 
■ news headlines with 
subtitles T.25 Regional 
“ news arid weather 150 

Hofcey Cokey, (rt 
-145 Wimbledon 86. Centre 
and Number One Courts 
action on die fourth day of 

the outer courts 4.12 
Regional news. 

.4.15 Laurel and Hardy in a 
cartoon. Unhealthy 
Wealthy 4J20 Treasure bi 
' Mrita. Part three of the 
; . _ five mteode adventure 
and Tom and Sukle, bek>g 
chased al over the island 
by criminals, have trouble 
m convincing the 
constabulary of their 
pSgtit- (r) 435 Dungeons 
ana Dragons, (r) 

4J55 John Craven's 

Newsround 535 Duncan * 
Dares. Blue Peter's Peter 
Duncan chances his luck 
as a stunt man, jumping 40 
toot from si roof and 
crashing a car are among 
the escapades he 

5-35 World Cup R 

introduced b 

introduced by Bob Wifi 
and Emlyn Hughes. A 
review of last night's 

review of last night's 
semifinal matches. 

&0O News with Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas Witched. 


635 London Phis. 

7.00 Topof the Pops 
introduced by NBka Smith 
and Steve Wright 

730 EsstEndere. Mary 
receives a surprise 
invitation; Kathy has an 
PauBne's areary 
existence; and Dr Legg 
upsets EflieJ and bmfy. 


• 830 Bodymatters. Doctors 
Graeme Garden, Alan 
Maiyon Davis and Gflfen 
Rice, with the help of 
volunteers from the 
audience, explore the 
mechanism that helps us 
to wa Ik upright (r) 


. 835 Les and Dustmfs 

- ' Liughtor Show. Comedy 
sketches from the two ■ ■ 
comedians. Their guests 
are Roy Walker and Five 
Star.frJ -'• 

9.00 News-witt\ JuRa Somervite 
and John Humphrys. 

930 In Stoknes8«nd in Health. 
Alf discovers that he and. 
Else are entitled to home 
helps on the National 
Health, but none of the 
ones provided can stand 
more than a day of the 
bigot's bawling. When Aff 
arrives home worn the pub 
one day he discovers the 
lastest help has a bit more 

. . staying power and can 

give as much as he 
receives, (r) 

1030 Wimbledon 86. Desmond 
Lynam introduces the 
match of the day. 

1130 The Settle of the Somme. 
A documentary 
commemorating the 70th 
anniversary of the battle 
that bojan with the worst 
day in Britain's military 
■ history. With the votes of 
Leo McKern, (r) 

1215 Weather. 


6.15 Good MOming Britain 
p resented by Nick Owen 
and Jayne bving. News 
with Gordon Honeycombs 

830 and *00; financial 
news at 635; sport at 
6.40, 740 and 840; 
exercises at 6J5& cartoon 
at 73S; pop muaic at 735; 
Jeni Barnett's postbag at 
8.35; Peter Barkworth at 
933; and Claire Rayner at 



935 Thames news head&nes 
foHowed by Lost 
■ Kingdoms. The story of 13 
exceptional men. 935 
How We Know About the 
Ice Ages. How ice shaped 
much of the North 
American landscape. 

10.10 The Invisfele Boy. 
The story of a young boy' 
with an eccentric aunt 
1035 Island WHdftfe. The 

Stewart 6.00 Thames 

635 HMpI The work of the 
British Trust for 
Conservation Volunteers. 
635 Crossroads. Di hears how 
Jill feels about the men in 
her life. 

730 Emmerdale Farm. Ufifl a 
day out on the river ease 
Annie's family's tensions? 
730 Never the Twain. Comedy 
series starring Donald 
Sinden and Windsor 
Davies as rival antiques 
dealers, (i) 

. 830 FBm: Death Squad (1973) 
starring Melvyn Douglas. 

A made-for-television 
drama about a group of . 
poGce officers who take 
• the law into their own 

- - hands when-gangsters 

- avoid justice. Directed by 
; . fteryPalk. -r 
930 TV Eye: Sun, Sea and 
■ Freud. An investigation 
into the sometimes 
nightmare of owning a 
Spanish holiday home. 

' Reporter Peter Gill talks to 
: those who have lost their ' 
savings to crooked 
dealers, and tracks down 
the dealers themseves. 

1030 News at Ten with Martyn 
Lewis and Pamela 

1030 F%rc The Disappearance 
of Azarifl Chamberfato 
(1983). A made-for- 
television reconstruction 
of the trial of the parents ' 
accused of murdering 
their young daughter who 
dfsawjeared at Ayres 
Rock in the heart of 
Australia. Starring Elaine 
Hudson and John Hamblin 
as the parents. Directed 
by Judy Rymer. Followed 
by Lindy in which the . 
baby's mother is 
interviewed after her 
release from prison. 

12.40 Night Thoughts. 

REVENGE (Channel 4, 930pm). 

emigres in London, and I 
much prefer It to the 
first, Atoor%hflr^. even 
though both films tend to put 
themselves into the riddle 
category with their over- 
abundance of incidents 
whose relevance to the plot can 
cnty be guessed at by the 
first-time vtewer.Forexnateiy. the 
; nature of the political 
'! statement that the exiled Polish 
••• stage drector tries to make 
with his open-air "happening , 
i- (ItendonaoubteKlecker 
1 buses give the audience a 

; sate .front-seat view of violant 
dissidence) is as dear as the 
crystal drop which 
Skolimowsky uses as his 
opening image. Less dear to 

of the history of the 
Channel Islands. 

1230 Tales From Fat Tufipte 
Garden. The story of the 
Tortoise Who Climbed 
Mountains, (r) 12.10 
Puddle Lane, (i) 1230 The 


130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news 
130 reptude. Three private 
detectives defend a former 
silent movie star, who 
claims to hold the deeds to 
a luxurious marina 
complex. 235 Home 
Cookery Club. Homy 
Buns. (0 

230 Something to Treasure. 
Advice on now to cope 
with door-to-door dealers; 
and Leslie Thomas recalls 
his time as awoukt-be . . 
antique dealer. 330 Take 
the High Road 335 
Thames news headlines 
330 Sons and Daughters. 

430 Tales From Fat Tufe’s ■ 
Garden. A repeat ofthe 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moombia. 

(rt 430 Nature Trafl. in 
National Bat Week, and 
Year, all you want to know 
about the nocturnal 
creatures 445 The Little 

5.15 Saint and Greavsie’s 

this edition of the 
magazine holiday series 
Katny Rochford reports 
from Majorca where she 
discovers that there are 
stfll a number of quiet 
beaches tube found, 
despite the fact that it is 
Britons' number one 
Mecfiterranean island; 
Matthew Coffins, the all- 
purpose holiday guinea 
pig. takes a bargain flight 
to the Costa del Sol to see 
if he can find cheap 
accommodation; and the 
British holiday report 
comes from the Ctaika 
family who have taken a 
seif-catering cottage on 
Anglesey. Hus. a report 
oh the disturbing drop in 
standards of some four- 
star Spanish hotels; and 
advice on avoiding being 
hassled into time-share. 

930 Moonlighting. The two 
disparate detectives. 
Maddie and David, forced 
to take on a case of debt 
collecting in order to pay 
the bills, stumble into the 
world of the CIA in which a 
spy, returning to the fold, 
finds flfe a Htfle hotter than 

10.15 The Real Lite of a 

Hollywood Wife. A Forty 
Minutes programme in 
which Sally Burton reports 
on what it is like to be a 
wife In Hollywood. The 
programme introduces 
Angela Rich, the famous 
party giver-wife of the co- 
founder of the company 

that makes DaHas; Wendy 
Goldberg, the charity 
queen of HoWywood, 
married to a very 
successful television 

C ucer; Marianne 
irs, the fourth wife of 
coCmrry and western 

producer who Is also 
married to Richard Zanuck 
III. (r) (Ceefax) 

1035 NewsnghL 

1140 Weather. 

11.45 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 1130 
Brazil: Fuelling the 
Miracle. Ends at 1230. 

are Susannah York, Eric 
Morecambe, Beryl Reid 
and John Le Mesurier, 
Directed by Charles 

430 Dancin' Days. JuBa. 
depressed, is strolling 
along the Copa cabana 
beam when she meets 
Carlos Eduardo, a 
member of Rio's high 
society. He invites her for 
a drink and confesses that 
he is attracted to her. 

530 Film: Invfsfole Agent" 
(1942) starring Jon Halt 
Comedy thriller, set during 
the Second World War. 
about a man who has the 
facility to make himself 
invisible. With Peter Lorre, 
Ilona Massey and Cedric 
Hanfwickfi. Directed by 
Edwin L Marin. 

630 Union Worid. The story of 
British Trade Unions' 
concern over workers in 
the food industry who 
handle large amounts of 
food addatives, many of 
which have been banned 
in Europe and the United 
States after scientists 
linked them with cancsr 
and genetic effects. 
(Postponed from June 12) 

7.00 Channel Four News with 
Trevor McDonald and 
Nicholas Owen, 

730 Comment from Lena 
Daysh, executive vice- 
chairman of the 
Commonwealth Human 
Ecology CoundL Weather. 

8.00 Too Hot to Handle? 
Programme two of the 
three-part series on 
radiation, radioactivity and 
nuclear power. Tonight 
traces the events from 
Hiroshima to Chernobyl 

. that have added to man's 
* understanding of nuclear 

930 Gardeners’ Calendar 
Roadshow. Gardeners on 
the Isle of man receive 
advice from Royal 
Horticultural Safety 
experts, Mike Honour and 
David Hutchins. 

930 Film on Four Success is 
the Best Revenge (1984) 
starring Michael York, 
Anouk Aimee and John 
Hurt Directed by Jerzy 
SkoJimowski. (see Choice) 
11.10 Free Voice of Labour The 
Jewish Anarchists. 
Immigrant life in the United 
States as seen through 
the eyes of sweatshop 

1235 Their Lordships' House. 


me is the reason why the 
director's teenaged son opts 
for a real taste of Poland rather 
than his father's 
artificial flavouring. 

•The documentary A 
(Radio 4, 7.40pm) blows the 
residual (test off an institution - 
the British museum -that, 
thanks to trail blazers Ska Sir Ftoy 
Strong of the V & A and 
industrial reconstitutions tike 
I ran bridge, had already lost 
Its reputation for being a worthy 
but duH repository of aD 
things yesterday. So widely have 
producer Rosemary Han and 
her anchor-man Robert Hewison 
thrown their net that one 
wonders what new angles 
Bsteners can possibly find to 

talk abort when they are invited 
to phone in with their 
questions at the end of the 
programme.One thing Is 
certain: after their fivety and 
sometimes provocative 
contributions to the documentary 
proper, sir Roy and 
Professor Brian Morris, of the 
Museums and Ga Series 
Commission, are exactly the 
unstuffy Kind of experts that 
are required to keep the phone-in 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF variations at 

535 Shipping. 630 News briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

825 Prayer js) 

830 Today, fnd 830, 730, 

830 News. 6.45 
Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 730, 830 
News. 735, 835 Sport 7.45 
Thought tor the Day. B35 
Yesterday in ParHsment 
837 Weather: Travel 
9-00 News 

935 Face the Facts (new 
series) Margo 
MacDonald investigates 
cases of injustice against 
individuals or offences 
against the public 

930 The Natural History 

Programme. Mike Jordan 
reports on the possible 
downfall of the rare 

•Music highlights: Yo Yo Ma 
and Kathryn Stott playing the 
Schubert Arpeggione" 
sonata which is fast gaining the 
popularity it deserves (Radio 
3, 11.00pm). and a first 
performance of John Veate's 
Violin Concerto.with Erich 
Gruenberg and the BBC 
Philharmonic (Radios. 7.30om1 

Peter Davalle 

530 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping 535 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
6.30 Brain of Britain 1986. 
Nationwide general 
knowledge contest Second 
round: London (r) 

730 News 
735 The Archers 
730 Any Answers? John 
Timpson with listeners' 
responses to last week's 
Any Questions? 

7.40 A Future for the Past? 
Robert Hewison 

1030 News: Medicine Now. 

Geoff Watts on the 
health of medical care (r) 
1030 Morrang Story: The Hot 
Plate, tty Sheila Harris. 
Reader: Don Maclean 
1045 An Act ol Worship 9s) 

1130 News; Travel; Analysis: 
Stands Scotland Where 
It Dk7 David Wheeler reports 
on the chances the Scots 
have of getting their own 
Assembly ana what form 
ft would take (i) 

1148 Tima for Verse. 20th- 
century war poetry. With 
Andrew Motion, Ronald 
Pickup and Natasha 
Pyne. 1230 News; You and 
Yours. Consumer advice 
with John Howard. 

1237 Quote . . . Unquote. With 
Nigel Rees. Sir David 
Hum. Peter Jeffrey, Milas 
Kington and Fred 
Trueman (r). 1235 Weather 
1.00 The World at One; News 
140 The Archers. 135 

230 News: Woman's Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Footballers' Wives, 
by Helen Kluger. With a cast 
that includes Gillian 
Bevan, Tessa Paake-Jones 
and Helen Kluger. 

430 News 

435 Bookshelf, with Hunter 

435 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
night's edrtton. 

i mmmm 

face of British museums, 
fottowed tty a phone-in to Sir 
Roy Strong. Director of 
the V & A, and Prof Brian 
Morris. Chairman of the 
Museums and Gallerias 
Commission: (01-580 
4411 from 7.15 pm) 

930 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners. 

930 John Ebdon Bnks 

recordings from the BBC 
Sound Archives. 

945 Kaieidscope. Includes 
The Relapse, at 
Chichester, and Ray 
Godwin’s The Secret 
Forest of Dean. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Still 
Lite, by Richard Cobb (9). 
Reader Cyrti Luckham. 
1039 Weather. 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parliament 

1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (available In England and 
8 Wales only) as above 
except 535-630am Weather; 
Travel. 135-230pm 
Listening Comer. 530-535 
PM (corrcnued). 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 
1130 Organic Chemistry. 
1130 Education: Pastoral 
Care. 1230-1.10 schools 
Night-Time Broadcasting: 

Radio 3 


On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 Listings 
635 Weather. 730 News 
735 Concert: Schutz (AHeluja! 
Lobet den Herron in 
seinem Hetigtum). Telemann 
(Oboe Concerto m D: 

Heinz HoWgar, oboe), 
Schubert (Symphony No 
2). Brahms (Scherzo in B flat 
Op 4 :Stephen Bishop- 
Kovacevich). 830 News 

Anton WalbrooluChartnel 4, 230| of Lords. 

music, presented by Roger 

630 Bandstand: John 

Lain g( Ha ndon)Band, with 
Wrfiiam McMuNan 
(trombone). Go tf Richards 
(The Quest), Hoist (Suite No 
2). Eric Ball (Legend: 

Sunset Rhapsody) 

730 Allan Schiller: piano. 
Tchaikovsky (movements 
from 12 Characteristic 
Pieces), Kabalevsky 
(Sonata No 3) 

7.30 BBC Philharmonic (under 
Downes), with Erich 
Gruenberg (violin). Walton 
(Scapino overture), John 
veale (Violin Conoertotfret 
performance), and 
Michael Berkeley ((Gregorian 

845 A Better Class of Writer: 
Graham Fawcett on the 
teaching of creative writing In 
US universities 

9.30 Frances Kelly: harp 
recital.Britten (Suite, Op 
83), Faure (Une chatelaine an 
sa tour). Spohr (famasie 

in C minor. Op 35) 

1030 Music 'm our Time: 
Lontano.with Elaine 
Barry (soprano), Gary 
Raymond (narrator). 

Barbara Kolb (Three Place 
Settings for narrator and 
four instnjments.Homage to 
Keith Jarrett and Gary 
Burton, amt Chromatic 

B3B Orphans of the W8d 10.15 Burnt 
Ewdence- 11.15-1130 Paddles Up 
1.20pm News 130-235 Country 
Practice 6JMMI35 New* 830 Fetoon 
Crest 930-030 Alfred Hitchcock 
Presents 1030 Waskand Outlook 1035 

[Frank Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies 
330 Steve Wright 530 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 645 
Bruno Brookes 730 Janoa 
Long, ind Working for Yourself 
10.KM23Q Andy Kerahaw (5) 

VHF RADIOS 1 A 2:-430 am As 
Radio 2. 230 pm Gloria 
Hunrtiford (3). 330 David Haffltton 
(s). 535 John Dunn. 730 As 
Radio 2. 1030 As Radte 1 . 1230* 
430 am As Radio 2. 

630 Nowsdssk 030 Nature Notebook 
8.-W Farming Worid 730 Newt 730 
Twenty-Four win 730 OH aw Beaten 
Track 745 SponswarM 030 News 031 
Reflections 0.15 Country Style *30 John 
Peel 930 News 830 Review el the British 
Press 9.15 Worid Today 130 Financial 
News 845 Ships hum Sevan Sees 1030 
News 1031 Ray Moore tala to 1130 
News 1138 News About Brum 11.W 
New Ideas 1135 Latter From Erighmd 
1130 Assignment 1230 Radto Newsreel 

12.15 Tap Twenty 1245 Sports Roundup 
130 News 138 TwentyTour Hours 130 
Sportsworid 145 WMtz King 230 News 
231 Oudookt 245 The Best OiEtetish 330 
Radio Newsreel 3.15 The Piae awe's 
Yours 430 news 438 Conmmtary 4.15 
Sportswlrtd 545 Sports Roundw) 745 
Hare'S Humph 030 News UBS Twenty- 
Four Hows 030 Business Matters 830 
NewfiBXII Sportsworid 9.15 A JoSy Good 
Show 1030 News 1038 Worid Today 
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is toppled 

by Edwards 

Bv Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Seedings are supposed to 

keep the leading players apart 

until the fourth round of 
Wimbledon singles. The way 
things are going, there will not 
be many seeds left by that time 
— not "in the men’s event, 
anyway. .Anders Jarryd. who 
reacheil the semi-finals last 
year, joined the list of distin- 
guished losers when Eddie 
Edwards brat him 3-6, 6-4, 7- 
6, 6-2 yesterday. 

Jimmy Connors, Andres 
Gomez. Kevin Curren and 
Guillermo Vilas could not 
even reach the second round. 
Nor could two of the women's 
seeds. Pam Shriver and Wen- 

suits like yesterdays should 
happen to him more often. 

Australians are always look- 
ing for another Rod Laver 
(come to think of it, we ail 
are). Two Australian left- 
handers with the right colour- 
ing. both aged 20. were in 
action yesterday. Mark 
Woodforde could not take a 
set from Brad Gilbert but 

More Wimbledon 
news and 
results on page 44 

dy TumbulL Jarryd at least 

won a match. Unfortunately, 
that match happened on Tues- 
day and lasted five sets which 
left him a little weary, when he 
went back on court yesterday. 
He looked thinner, more 
gaunt than the Jarryd of two 

days ago. 

Jarryd also took last week 
off, resting an injured knee. 
What with one thing and 
another, much of the spring 
had gone from his stride. 
Yesterday’s tie-break finished 
him. After that the squarely 
built Edwards, 86 places lower 
in the world rankings, merely 
had to keep his nerve and his 
form and believe in his 

Edwards, aged 29, is a South 
African who has spent a lot of 
time in the United States. He 
is so strongly built that if he 
ran into the Voortrekker Mon- 
ument it would probably wob- 
ble. But Edwards is also such a 
sunny-natured chap that re- 

Mark Kratzmann beat Nduka 
Odizor, 4-6. 6-3, 7-6, 4-6, 8-6 
in a two-day match that 
spanned three' hours and 18 
minutes. In the fifth set 
Odizor had two break points 
for a 5-4 lead. 

It may have escaped your 
notice, as it had escaped mine, 
that the only men to beat 
Gilbert at Wimbledon have 
been John McEnroe. Vitas 
Gerulaitis and Yannick Noah, 
who are — or were at the tune 
- pretty good players. Gilbert, 
aged 24, comes from Pied 
Mom (the Pied Mont in 
California as distinct from the 
renowned Italian battle 
ground). He was a late devel- 
oper but has developed fast in 
the past 12 months. Beating 
McEnroe in the Masters Tour- 
nament last January did his 
confidence no harm at all. The 
well muscled Gilbert then set 
about a few more top tenners. 
Nowadays, nobody is particu- 
larly eager to share bis compa- 
ny on a reasonably fast court 

Mikael Perafors, a Swede 
who has suddenly emerged 
from University tennis in the 
United States, startled every- 
one — not least himself — by 
reaching the recent French 
final. Yesterday he played his 
first match on grass and beat 
Mike De Palmer at the cost of 
one set. 

Perafors had been appre- 
hensive about playing on grass 
but it turned out to be less 
tricky than be had bran led to 
believe. He was pleased with 
the way his service skidded off 
the Earth’s crust, but con- 
fessed: “I don’t know about 
the volley. I haven’t got to that 
yet. If I can get by on the 
baseline I will stay 
there. "Some of the ladies be- 
gan to look rather fragile. 
Etsuko Inoue, a neat little 
Japanese, played such a good 
first set that the fourth seed, 
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch, could 
not take a game from it But in 
the second set the leaning 
tower of Saarbrucken began to 

play tennis (previously she 
ien flirting with the 

British banking on 
‘liability’ Lloyd 

PanI Hutchins, the British 
team manager, has 23 days hi 
which to persuade John Lloyd 
that he is unwise to retire from 
singles competition. Hutchins 
knows that if Britain are to 
have any chance of beating 
Australia in the quarter-finals 
of the Dans Cop at Wimble- 
don next month Lloyd most be 
in the team, as usual, in both 
singles and doubles. 

Yet after Tuesday’s an- 
nouncement by Lloyd that he 
had "played his last singles 
match” after his five-set defeat 
by Christo Steyn, of South 
Africa, in the first round at 
Wimbledon, Hutchins may 
have a difficult task ahead of 

Lloyd has always been a 
little emotional after both 
victory and defeat And though 
be tried to smile, losing to 
Steyn was a bitter disappoint- 
ment. M f don’t want to play 
Davis Cop singles next 
month,” he said, “because at 
the moment I feel 1 would be 
more of a liability to the team 
than a plus. I don’t want to let 

the boys down. Agamst Steyn 
I was horrendous. He had 
nothing to beat” 

Those words may well be 
true but Uoyd is the only 
British player seemingly capa- 
ble of giving Pat Cash, Paul 
McNamee, Peter McNamara 
and John Fitzgerald, the ex- 
pected Australian team, a ran 
for their money. 

Jeremy Bates, Britain’s sec- 
ond singles player, ins been 
equally disappointing at Wim- 
bledon, losing in the first 
round to Todd Witsken, of fiw 
United States. Stephen Shaw 
and Stuart Bale, ranked third 
and fourth in Britain, were 
also first-round losers, so the 
Australians are not Hkdy to be 
shaking in their shoes whom- 
ever they meet in the Davis 

But Hutchins is weD aware 
that Lloyd is his key player. 
As Hutchins says: “I would 
like to think that when John 
cools down and looks at the 
nutter dinkaUy he is jnst as 
likely to go ont, even alter this 
bad result 

had only been „ 

idea) and Miss Inoue sprained 
an ankle. She finished the 
match, but it became a 

Kate Gompert could not 
last the course with the eighth 
seed, Manuela Maleeva. Miss 
Gompert began the match 
with most of her left thigh 
encased in Mack strapping. 
Eventually she had to retire. It 
was something to do with that 
group of musdes known as the 
quadriceps, explained the 
trainer, Donna Pallulat — a 
good advertisement for her 
trade in that she had been 
dashing about between courts 
seven and 14 but was not even 
breathing heavily. Most of us, 
of course, get through life 
without suspecting that we 
own quadriceps. 

Fragility of a different kind 
afflicted that delightful hero- 
ine of 1984, Carina Karisson, 
who took the first set from 
Rafiaella Reggi but won only 
one more game. Miss 
Karisson has no confidence 
these days. She was in no 
mood to appreciate the set- 
ting; a tree-dad hillside 
topped by a church spire, the 
adjacent creeper-covered wa- 
ter tower, and the golden 
sunshine of a lovely afternoon 
that brought to mind Shelley’s 
lines about white, fleecy 
clouds wandering in thick 
flocks along the mountains, 
shepherded by a slow, unwill- 
ing wind. 

It must be added, though, 
that Wimbledon was too 
crowded — that too many of 
the multitude were not watch- 
ing tennis because they could 
not get to it prefer to populate 
the food village, the picnic 
lawns, or the “troglodyte 
tunnel” between courts two 
and three. It is possible to 
spend all day at Wimbledon 
without seeing any tennis. 

and no 


. ft may be easy tv mbs bin 
fa t new* hat h is faoraun 
facre*sM$y dfffinft to ferae 
the impact Bob Brett is having 
m the prafesstoNt tenths 
dsodL At Wimbledon the 
tfinfan Australia roach 
fas sees tat of Ids charges, 
Join Lloyd, cadi it quits at 

.Imacr moment a* 

twootfart, Rafart Seggsuand 
Betsy IfegebcB, wcnfafoyfag 
tbeir fittest victories. - 

Brett, whose haxd-drfffe, 
I - - ■ — MiwiaA fit X» 


Rfvltidad the. careers «f 
d Past McNuw, 
the same level of 

::as the late Harry 

Hopmao, who reared fern 
geanfas of Australian 
cfampio a s front Sedgnaan to 
Newromfe. That is uo coiad- 
denre because Brett spent five 
years at HopnumV camp in 
Florida and, as he says with a 
degree of feefiBg, “tte memory 
stffi fires”. 

BketfS experience daring 
the formative yean- from the 
a>e rf 20 to 25 has teamed Us 
attitude to Be. "Mr Hopman 
gam me special atteatioft t* 
cause 1 vras prepared to work 
harder than anyone else,” he 

S • 

Edwards: kept his nerve to beat Jarryd who is ranked 86 places higher (Photograph: Harry Kerr) 

Sabatini’s case not 

too convincing 

*• ‘ 1 . :V . "jv-. £*y..;,v '• -\..v 

in recent years interest in 
the. women’s singles at Wim- 
bledon has centred not so 
much on who might win the 
title as who might emerge 
when the Navratflova/Uoyd 
domination is finally over. 

Yesterday Gabrida Sabatt- 
ni, aged 16, of Agentina, made 
out her case — though, it was 
not altogether convincing — 
for inclusion in the ranks of 
those most likely to. In beating 
Christine Jolissrint, of Swit- 
zerland, 6-2, 1-6, 6-4 on the 
centre court yesterday the 
.No. 10 seed showed what a 
fluent player she can he and 
yet how easily this approach 
can slip into something bor- 
dering on the lethargic 

Miss Sabatini looked as if 
she would enjoy an untrou- 
bled passage when Miss 
Jolissaint double-faulted twice 
in succession to yield the first 
set 6-2. Miss Sabatini had 
been at her supple best, find- 
ing clever angles of approach 
and concluding rallies, partic- 
ularly on the volley, with a 
reassuring firmness. 

The second set saw a trans- 
formation, however, as Miss 
Jolissaint began to turn in a 
solid performance in every 

By Simon O’Hagan 

opponent who, while a de- 
lightful stylist, is something of 
a lightweight. 

Miss Sabatini, who. daring 
the first set. had looked sur- 
prisingly at ease at the net, was 
now pinned to the back of the- 
court from where she had 
difficulty finding a way past 
Miss Jolissaint. When tire did 
come in. Miss Jolissaint’s 
lobbing exposed Miss Sab- 
atinf s quite severe weakness 

Miss Sabatini pulled herself 
together for the third set, 
rediscovering her best shot, a 
backhand sendee return hit 
with a lazy swing of the racket 
but which invariably sent the 
ball singing over the net- It 
helped her to secure two 
breaks of service to lead 5-2, 
but she squandered a service 
game of her own before taking 
the set 6-4. 

Miss Sabatini thus rein- 
forced the impression that 
Argentinians are everywhere 
these days, despite the feet 
that she afterwards jpofce of 
having “dis ap pe a red” during 

It fo not surprising, there- 
fore, that when* player rones 
to Brett m need of help, the 
first (hag tfaffedrazaaded of 
fan fa conanttnentr . 

“Once jwt tore got than to 
make Ate cwfafaW, then 
yon ran start potting the 
pieces together*” Brett said. 
“Ofcriowsiy the pi^pical train- 
ing aspect is terribly sapor- 
tint, especially in grand stem 
toonamnafa. No player is 
going to mafa the most if their 
ability unless they are proper- 
ly prepared physically and 

Miss - Nagrisen, who fas 
been ea the circuit for mm 
than 10 yearn vritfcwt playing 
as vreB as she did against Fast 
Shriver, and Segnso, whose 
pest talent* had flowered 
previMsty otfy in doubles, 
gave Brett that c rmmitmrvt 
earlier An year and soon 
fount! themselves working 
harder than .they had ever 
done m their fives. 

It had been the same story 
with Lloyd. But na mare, 

* disappointing way for tom to 
end but everybody fin*}- hit 
own way to finish, - Brett' saii, 

“Fre fad * lot «f pteasmq 
working with fan for fl* tat 
two and a faff year* because 
he is one of the nicest guys I 
bare ever met N<?w I just want 
him to be happy in Ids fife and 
find something efae to 
Acoapte of years ago B*t ( 
offered V* services to British 
tends. He asked for a lot of 
and the LTA did not 
was worth it One day 






lif ,;.\- 

her second set She also said 
all; the right things about 
Diego Maradona, without 

committing' herself on the 

Her service settled question of whether die would 

To the fore: Miss Sabatini displays forehand 
Wimbledon yesterday (Photograph: Chris Ode' 


down, her ground strokes were 
well timed and her sheer 
physical presence about ihe 
court seemed to unsettle her 

sit up to watch last night's 
World . Cop senri-final- That, 
she said, depended on whether 
she had a match today. 

wifi discover success does not 
come cheap. 

• Aleksandr Zverev and 
Andrei Chesnokov churned a 
snail distinction when they 
played in the first round of (he 
men's singles at Wfabkdoa 
on Tuesday. It was the .first 
time since 1976 that a Soviet 
man had played in the 

Two fine tobaccos 
from Dunh ill. 

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the other a gentle aromatic 
Simply fill in the freepost co upon an d send 
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FojtUj: Trial! 

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| Name (Block Capitals) . 


.Fort Code 

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— 1 BMhcUUJ' ■ 



New threat 
to crippled 

From Bxny PicktbaU 
Newport, Rhode Island 

Robin Knox-Johnston and 
his Fiench crewman, Bernard 
Galiay, sailing their crippled 
catamaran, British Airways L 
strutted yesterday to main- 
tain fourth place in the closing 
stages of the Carlsberg transat- 
lantic race. They are fighting a 
late challenge from Olivier 
Dardell and Richard le Joly’s 
French catamaran, AIcateL 

British Airways, which has 
suffered damage to its centre 
boards and seagull striker, 
which supports the 60 ft 
catamaran's forward beam 
during the 3,000 mile crossing, 
was left totally becalmed close 
to Nantucket Island cm Tues- 
day night. 

AIcateL which was thought 
to be 30 miles behind Knox- 
John stem’s craft earlier this 
week, has enjoyed much fairer 
winds further to the south and 
yesterday looked set to 
squeeze ahead of the luckless 
British sailor. 

Among others expected to 
finish last night was Tuna 
Marine Voortrekker, skip- 
pered by South African, John 
Martin. He is fighting to get 
the first monohull home and 
was reported to be 40 miles 
from Nantucket at noon 

Nothing has been heard 
from his principal rivals. Coll 
International, skippered by 
the Finn, Markku wiikeri, for 
three days, or Guy Barnadufs 
Biscuits Lu since he passed his 
position through a passing 
Japanese freighter on June 1 5, 
but both are thought to be 

Sony Hand! cant, skippered 
by &'tty Hampton, 675 miles 
from the finish yesterday, 
continue tr>,fread Gass V* 


Welsh selectors may think again 

The Welsh Commonwealth 
Games selectors may be forced 
to reconsider their original 
choice of 103 competitors for 
Edinburgh after coming under 
increasing fire from 
and athletics officials, who feel 
their sports have been given a 
raw deal. 

Only four boxers have bees 
named for the trip despite the 
good record of Welsh boxers 
at previous Games, and the 

Welsh Amateur 
dation are upset that mere is 
no room in the team for Welsh 
featherweight champion, Tony 


Among foe athletes left oat 
is javelin thrower, lun 
Newenfam of Cardiff, despite 
achieving qualifying standards 
during the recent Welsh cham- 
pionships. Middle-distance 
runners, Neil HorsfieU and 
Paul Williams, were also ex- 

pected to make the team. 

The Welsh ABA and Ama- 
teur Athletics Association 
have re-submitted farther 
names for consideration. 

The selection panel have 
refused to comment on the 
issue but may make a number 
of additions to the party as 
they did four years ago when a 
boxer; a swimmer and a 
shooter' were included 'in the 
team tor Brisbane. 




Annette Cowley, the South 
African-born swimmer, was 
selected yesterday to represent 
England at the forthcoming 
Commonwealth Games in Ed- 
inburgh. having earlier bran 
omitted from the squad be- 
cause of doubts about her 
eligibility. The 19-year-old 
Wigan Wasp, who has an 
English mother, won an ap- 
peal last week and the selec- 
tors have now re-selected their 
team, choosing Cowley for the 
100 and 200 metres freestyle 

In the 100 metres, Cowley 
replaces Debbie Gone, of 
Fleetwood, while in the 200 
metres she has been given 
preference over Karen Melkw, 
of Norwich Penguins. Melior 
is also selected for the 400 and 
800 metres freestyle, with 
Gore competing in the sprint 

Takeover bid 

Argentina are planning to 
dominate the Junior Wimble- 
don boys’ singles next-week. 
The South Americans occupy 
the top two seeding positions 
with Javier Frana at No. 1 and 
Gulfermo Perez Roldanat No. 
2. The Argentinian entry is. 
only exceeded by Britain who 
have sax players. ■ 

Holmes: appeal 

Triple chance 

Play it again 

Two months after foiling to 
regain his International Box- 
ing Federation heavyweight 
tide from Michael Spinks, 
Larry Holmes has asked -the 
IBF to overturn his points 
defeat by Spinks, claiming he 
was a victim of poor judging 
by two of the three ringside 

Yorkshire will have three 
teams competing in the Amer- 
ican Express squash league 
next season with Visco, "who 
are based in Ossett, replacing 
Redwood Lodge, the Bristol 
dub who finished bottom, last 
season. The county’s other 
representatives are Annley 
and Chapel Allerton. 

Testing time 

Cocaine link 


Matt Biondi broke his own 
100 metres freestyle world 
record at' the United States 
world championship trials at 
Orlando, Florida. Biondi, 
aged 20, lowered his previous 
best time of 4&95sec by more 
than two-tenths of a second, 
docking 48.74sec. 

Len Bias, aged .22; the 
University of Maiyfond bas- 
ketball player who died last 
week, suffered heart Mure as 
a result of taking cocaine, ft 
was announced yesterday. Dr 
John Smialek, the medical 
examiner, said that whi|e the 
player had . not taken an 
overdose, the drug had inter- 
rupted electric activity in his 
brain which had caused his 
heart to stop. 


Competition is certain to be 
tough tonight when Britain’s 
. rop cyclists compete' at Leek rn 
tiie. British professional circuit 
championship. Dave Miller, 
the defending champion, has 
yet to find Ins . form :thl& 
season, which could give Mal- 
colm EEiotta.dianceLio regain 
the tide he held twoyeanragb. 
First, though, Elliott matt see 
off the challenge, among oth- 
ers, of Steve Joughin, winner, 
of the recent Michetin series 
and two stages -of tbe .Mtilk- 


most of his return 'fiF 


J s s > 



•“SC* is-*-*.*,. "• , » 

From Mitchell Platts, Monte Carlo 

: ^*9K 

Albert Pdissier relived a 
dreani bribe Johnnie Walker 
Monte Carlo Open here yes- 
terday and if his first round 
score of 97 suggests that the 
experience was more of a 
nightmare, then nothing can 
be further from the truth. . 

I win spend the weekend 
watching . .Severiano 
Ballesteros. You can- ateays 
learn something.” . - . 

* - 

Pdissier, aged 68, enjoyed 
every one of his 280 minutes 
on the Afoot Agd course 
although he confessed to being 
slightly irritated by takingfour- 
putts on one green when the 
opportunity of a birdie beck- 
oned. Infect his only success- 
es were at the first and; 11th 
boles Miere he recorded his 


only two para in a round 
which he finished 7-7-7.V“It’s 

the highest score I can. recall 
checking on the- European 
Tour,? said Bill Hodge, the 
official recorder ■ 

. Pdissier, who was given a 
“wild canP exemption into 
the event, can at least rest easy 
in the. knowledge that fa did 
not strike double figures at any 
hole. He never came dose to 
chafanging Tonmty AtmotirV : 
one-bote professional. '.'record -‘T- y~. 

score of 23, set in the 1927 -v ■ wc? . e - . 
Shawnee Open, and fa -can “ 
take some comfort that TP® 

Weiskopftook 13 at the par- 
three 12th in the 1980 Mhsteis 
and Ben Crenshaw had an l I 
at tiie 16th . during .the third 
tpund of the World Series of 
Golf at Firestone in 1976.- 

vpto f 

^ ni l>arra 

Betissier has enjoyed more- 
rewarding efforts. He played 
m the US Mahers in 1953 but, 
as he recalled, “that vras the 
yearVthat t my putting 
touchr ' 

It was 'then that Pdissier 
deckled ft was time to retreat 
from the feirways — bt won 
the Belgian and Mohle Carlo 
Opens and also assisted Henry 
Ccaton, the thrra times Open 
champion, fora'short^le— 
to. seqk;a- difierent -lifestyie. 
The-hespect&led 'Frenchman 
now pwns jthe Driving Range 
tie la Cole d’Azur, on the 
outskirts of Nibs, and as this 
was-only his secoikHufl round 
of foe year- he was happy 
ewugbto breakone hundred. 

Jn contrast, Sandy Lyle was 

more disappointed - wjth: bis 

score of 65. His golf from tee 
fib green provided an ominous 
wanting to his rivals in next 

as fa stnrd^sbfrfronto three 
feet and an eight-troo io two 
feet and a wedge to two feet for 

three brnfies in hrafiist feof J 
holes. _ . i 


_ seven 

birdies together but be stffl 
miss ed- seven putts ranging 
between five and 15 feet Lyte 
is convmced thai, riven the 
-fine conditions 
vailed throughox . 
ft is possible thata score lower 
than 60 can be recorded. 


unfess stated); 8& S tjte L 
CafoomwOf (An;)- 88: J Stt wid 
B Convnaw (OS)- S7i A'QsrroO 


why a lot of fun and at 
least I didn’t lose a balU” said 
Pefissicr. “J neverthouriitqf.' 
teanngupmy card. IwHlfa 
back forihe secondrountL’If r 
don’t make foe hatf-way cut fl) 

WHHams: G WaUn* (Fr); M 

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