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No 62,496 


MONDAY JUNE 30 1986 


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The likelihood of some kind 
of reprisal against Britain by 
black Commonwealth states 
was increased yesterday when 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secretary, made it plain 
tharf despite the rhetoric of the 
EEC summit agreement last 
week the British Government 
was still reluctant to imple- 
ment any economic sanctions 
against Sooth Africa. 

Black Commonwealth lead- 
ers, including Sir Sunny 
Ramphak the Secretary-Gen- 
eral of- the Commonwealth, 
issued statements which re- 
vealed an increasing lack of 
patience with the present posi- 
tion ofthe Government 

At. the same time Sir Geof- 
frey.'m the teeth of the limited 
undertaking of the EEC sum- 
mit last , week, continued to 
maintain that any form of 
. sanctions against South Africa 
was not what the Thatcher 
Government thought desir- 
able. Y 

There was an increasing 
note- of irritation in the com- 
ments ofthe Commonwealth 
leaden. Sir Sunny condemned 
the time-month breathing 
space which Mrs Thatcher 
won for the South African 
Government at last week's 
summit in The Hague 

The -Common wealth would 
have. no. part of the EECs 
equivocation over apartheid, 
he sakLen route to his native 
Guyana to attend a meeting of 
Caribbean heads of gov- 

“Hie. Community's deci- 

By Paul VaJJely 

sion . . . was both misguided 
and contradictory and the 
world, including many Euro- 
peans, will not acquiesce in 
it," he said. 

It is known that last week 
the Commonwealth Secretary 
met the Queen in a r outine 

Between 15,000 and 20,000 
people yesterday attended a 
rally in Soweto called by Chief 
Gats ha Bothelezi, the Zulu 
leader. It was the biggest 
political rally in South Africa 
since tbe state of emergency 
was declared. Page 5 

Zulu plea 
Howe mission 
Malcolm Fraser 




pre-summit briefing and 
wanted her of the worries of 
member nations and the dan- 
ger to the unity of the Com- 
monwealth from the position 
of the Thatcher government 

He is said to have empha- 
sized the possibility of retalia- 
tory measures against Britain. 

Some reports maintain that 
he actually asked the Queen to 
intervene and ask Mrs That- 
cher to think again and that 
the Queen responded with 
some sympathy. 

In Zambia. President Ka- 
unda said on Saturday that be 
was beginning to suspect that 
some Western leaders were 
refusing to impose sanctions 
because they were motivated 
by racism. 

Mr Kaunda has said in the 
past that he would pull Zam- 

bia out of the Commonwealth 
if the British Government did 
not agree to sanctions at the 
next meeting of Common- 
wealth states in London in 

Yesterday Mr Denis Heal- 
ey, the shadow Foreign Secre- 
tary, who was in Lusaka to 
meet the Zambian president 
after his four-day visit to 
South Africa, said: “1 don't 
think it would be fair to 
assume that it's bluff or any- 
thing tike that.” 

Diplomatic sources in Lon- 
don were yesterday reporting 
mounting dissatisfaction am- 
ong leading members of the 49 
nations of the Common- 

Countries like Nigeria and 
India were privately said to be 
munnuring about the possibil- 
ity of imposing trade and 
business restrictions on Brit- 
ish companies which, in many 
cases, enjoy privileged status 
in Commonwealth countries. 

Other member states were 
speaking ofbreakiog off diplo- 
matic relations with Britain or 
at feast lowering tbe levels of 
diplomatic representation. 

The matter is expected to 
come to a head at the Com- 
monwealth mini-summit in 
London early in August 
The irritation of the Com- 
monwealth leaders will only 
be fuelled by Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's comments yesterday. 

In an interview on BBC 
Radio 4, he said of the South 
African Government: “We 

Continued on page 20, col 3 

- - 

Jose Brown, above Diego Maradona, scoring Argentina's first goal against West Germany 


no longer: 
toe illness 
that stirred 
two nations 

Tonight, the Prince 
of Wales hears how 
the huge response 
to an award-winning 
senes in The Times 
on schizophrenia, 
die forgotten illness, 
hasledtoamnjor ■ 
national initiative. 
Tomorrow:, Marjorie 
Wallace,, who wrote 
the series, reports 
on John Hinckley, 
the schizophrenic 
who tried to kill 
President Reagan 

US seeking links 
with black leaders 

From Mkhael Buryoa, Washington 

„Tbe Reagaq administration - menfs talks with MrO&ver 
has begun a lop level reassesv Tarnbo, lije ANC leader, and 
ment of US policies towards* has kept 7 in dose touch over 
South Africa and is working 
closely with Britain to put 
pressure on Pretoria to begin 
talks to end the mounting 
violence in the country. . 

Senior administration offi- 
cial said Washington would 
tty To strengthen its ties to 
black leaders in South Africa. 

It- had already quietly estab- 
lished indirect contact with 
the banned African National 

The policy review comes 
amid mounting frustration 
here at the hand line stance of 
President Botha, who rejected 
a persona] appeal from -Presi- 
dent Reagan for restraint At 
the same time pressure in 
Congress is mounting to im- 
pose lough punitive sanctions 
on South Africa. . . . 

While oppose 
sanctions, the administration 
is now actively seeking a dia- 
logue with South African op- 
position groups — blade and 
white. Britain is playing a key 
role as an intermediary. Wash- 
ington has received a full re- 
port of tbe British Govero- 

the report compiled by the 
Commonwealth Eminem Per- 
sons GroupL 

However, suggestions that 
Sir Geoffrey Howe the For- 
eign Secretary, is to come here 
for talks with Mr George 
Schultz, the Secretary of State, 
before going to South Africa to 
tty to mediate could not be 

Britain said no timetable 
had yet been set for what he 
might do and administration 
officials said yesterday there 
were no plans for the US to 
use him as an intermediary to 
shuttle between South Africa 
and tbe blade front line states. 

There have been calls here 
and in Europe for the despatch 
of a special envoy. Senator 
Richard Lugar, the Republi- 
can Chairman of the Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee, 
and Senator Nancy Kassen- 
baum bad called on President 
Reagan to send an emissary in 
the same way as he did to 
former President Ferdinand 
Marcos of the Philippines, but 
the White House has turned 
down the idea. 

in final 


Argentina are tbe new 
World Cup champions after 
beating West Germany 3-2 in 
a fiercely competitive final in 
tbe Azteca Stadium in Mexico 
City yesterday. * 

An error by Schnmacher, 
the German goalkeeper and 
captain, let (town his side's 
tactical planning when he 
misjudged a free-kick allowing 
Brown, the Argentinian num- 
ber five, to bead into an empty- 
net after 22 inmates. 

And after 56 minutes 
VaJdano completed a 20-yard 
ran to side-foot the ball past 
the advancing Schumacher. 

* Bat • after . 45 Cr wtes 
Rummenigge polled -a ^oa! 
back for the Germans, side- 
footing in from dose range 
after a corner . 

Moments later Voeller 
equalized with a header after 
another comer. 

But with only six minutes to 
go, Barruchaga for Argentina 
broke through the German 
defence to score tbe third and 
winning goal. 

A total of seven players 
made it into tbe referee's book, 
including Maradona and 
Matthaus, with four yellow- 
cards being shewn in a frantic 
last 10 minutes. 

The South Americans en- 
joyed most of the attacking 
pby in a tense first half, 
proving more than a one-man 
team as Maradona's immense 
talents were kept in check by 

Maradona's failure to score 
made England's Gary Line leer 
tbe top scorer in the 

Early in tbe game the 
Germans had a penalty claim 
disallowed when tbe powerfbl 
Briegel went down on the edge 
of the penalty area. 

Report, page 40 

Soviet leader writes to Reagan 

Gorbachov offers 
deal on missiles 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov has have voted for sharp cutbacks 

'.line $ 

_. v Vs*ie:$ 

* O.' 


g&htfolw Benn policy ‘sabotage’ charge 

m g j Labour leaders are anerv nre-strike ballot or an nnnnr- lhe drvumenl is worse ll 




m £ 3 J -“ 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of €4,000 was 
shared bin Saturday Jby 
three readers: Mrs 

. M.Pau! of WhitstaWe, 
KentjMrs FLSearie of 
Tonbridge, Kent; and 
London, W.i2.Each 
receives £1^333. : 

• There was no 
wavier in the weekly » 
£8,000 competition 
so the prize this 
Saturday wifi be 

• Portfolio list, page . 
. 24; rules and how to 
play, information 
service* page 20. 

V Tripes results 

The list, of honours degree 
awards from the University of 
Durham is iwbfished today. 
Also there ;■*»■ Cambridge 
Tripos results: in. Theological 
and Refigious Studies Page 35 

Labour leaders are angry 
over what they see as an 
attempt by. Mr Tony Benn to 
sabotage the party's plans for 
industrial relations law 
changes to improve the rights 
of workers (Philip Webster, 
Chief Political Correspon- 
dent, writes).' 

Although tbe proposals .are 
at an early stage, senior figures 
on botb the left and rigfrt of 
the labour movement are in 
broad agreement with plans 
which would require unions to 
hold pre-suike ballots and 
regular secret ballots for union 
executives. ’ 

Union members denied a 

pre-strike ballot or an oppor- 
tunity to vote for their execu- 
tive could complain to an 
independent body. 

The proposals — contained 
in a document People ai 
Work: New Rights. New Re- 
sponsibilities — received gen- 
era} endorsements at the 
TUC-Labour Party liaison 
committee last week, although 
there is still scope for consid- . 
enable amendment ' 

Only Mr Benn and Mr Eric 
Hefler, the former Labour 
chairman, were - reported to 
have put up strong opposition. 
Mr Benn is reported to have 
been arguing since then that 

the document is worse than In 
Place of Strife. Mrs Barbara 
Castle's iil-fated proposals for 
placing restrictions on striking 

He is said to have claimed * 
the proposals are so draconian 
that they would involve 
unions losing their tax relief 
and other legal benefits if they 
refuse to hold a ballot 

“It is a scare campaign”, a 
senior Labour source said last 
night. “As on so many other 
issues Mr Benn and Mr Hefler 
are out of step with their 
colleagues on the Left and 
they are trying to stir up 

written to President Reagan 
offering a compromise to 
speed up agreement on inter- 
mediate nuclear forces. The 
Soviet leader has hinted that 
the US could leave some of its 
Pershing 2 and cruise missiles 
in Western Europe and else- 
where if the Soviet Union was 
allowed to keep an equal 
number in Europe and Asia. 

Administration officials 
said the offer was promising. 
Mr Reagan received the letter 
last Monday and has asked 
arms control experts to give 
him their reactions when he 
returns from, holiday in Cali- 
fornia in two weeks. 

The Soviet offer could allay 
West European worries about 
removing all the new US 
weapons employed in accor- 
dance with the 1979 Nato 
decision. The US and the 
Soviet Union have suggested 
recently going b 2 ck to the so- 
called “zero option.” with the 
elimination of all medium 
range weapons in Europe. But 
they have disagreed on what 
to do about Soviet SS20 
missiles in Asia, and about 
British and French missiles. 

The Reagan Administration 
has been under pressure to 
respond positively to a num- 
ber of recent arms control 
proposals. Congress and the 
Western allies have reacted 
sharply to the abandonment 
of tbe Salt 2 arms treaty, and 
congressional committees 

in Mr Reagan's budget for the 
Strategic Defence Initiative. 

Washington also knows that 

Mr Gorbachov is under pres- 
sure not to hold another 
summit meeting unless he can 
demonstrate some progress in 
the arms talks. Officials here 
said his letter was “positive” 
and “practical.” some adding 
it was almost “plaintive” in 
the references to the compro- 
mises he has made and is 
willing to make in the future. 

The Soviet leader said the 
summit would be a waste of 
time without “concrete 
achievements'' • in limiting 
arms. But he was careful not to 
make this a precondition. 

Intermediate weapons are 
seen as the easiest area in 
which the Geneva talks could 
make progress. Tbe presen l 
position is that the US has 
proposed the weapons' com- 
plete elimination, whereas 
Moscow has said it would 
destroy its SS20s in Europe 
while freezing those in Asia at 
the current total of 1 70- 
Moscow also wants British 
and French nuclear forces to 
be frozen at 140 and not 
modernized. Previously it had 
demanded that they be includ- 
ed in the total to be reduced. 

Mr George Shultz, the Sec- 
retary ofState. expressed frus- 
tration at the weekend over 
the Soviet refusal to set a date 
for talks leading to a summit 

Arts Council meet 
on Hali-Nunn row 

By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

Senior directors of the Arts 
Council are holding an emer- 
gency meeting today to dis- 
cuss a report that the heads of 
the National Theatre and the 
Royal Shakespeare Company 
may resign over allegations 
that they amassed personal 
fortunes while their theatres 
were dependent on public 

Tbe meeting was convened 
by Mr Luke Rittner, secretary 
genera] of the council, after a 
report in The Sunday Times 
that Sir Peter Hall.’ of the 
National, and Mr Trevor 
Nunn, of the RSC. had profit- 
ed from their positions to 
become multi-millionaires 
while showing a lack of com- 
mitment to the institutions. 

Mr Rittner declined to com- 
ment yesterday, although a 
statement may be issued after 
today's private discussions. 
The council is channelling 
£ 1 3million of public funds to 
the two theatres this year. 

The council was now hold- 
ing an inquiry into all aspects 
of theatre funding, and it did 
not wish to pre-empt its 
findings. He added that the 
council had every confidence 
in the companies' boards of 

However, a highly placed 
drama source told The Times 
that there had been discontent 
for some time from within 
both subsidized theatres and 
from associated organizations 
about a “highly 
unsatisfactory" situation. 
There was no doubt that both 

Continued on page 20, col I 

Dealers make a killing from Stubbs 

Home tons 24 
Overseas. ' 
Appte \ I&22 
Arts . ■ > B 

mrrtigB . 18 

BbAuss 2J-25 
Cwt .- -T8 

Wmj .-B. 
Events . ; 20 
Futons 1446 
La« Report 1 .25 




'ft* Bonds 

V 1 r*- • : - • * * ^ 

By Geraldine Norman 

Three paintings by George 
Stubbs, tire eighteenth-centu- 
ry painter, have been bought 
for a few. hundred pounds in 
provincial sales over the past 
year and resold at Sotheby's 
for thousands. - 

Mr Mark Hancock, a pic- 
ture dealer from west London, 
made the biggest lulling. The 
“Dapple Grey Stallion in a 

Landscape" that he bought for 
£?62 at an R H Ellis sale in 
Worthing last September se- 
cured £267,948 when if was 
sold fry Sotheby's in New York 
three weeks ago- 

Mr Hancock opted for New 
York ' f&at tbe hurdle of 
acquiring an export fieence 
would be out of the way by the 
time it was offered- It was. 
bought by the Ledger Gallery 
of Bond Street ami brought 
back -to Britain. 

. Two little oil on paper 

Detail. from “Dapple Grey 

studies of foxhounds, which 
came up at Messenger, May 
ind Barerstock of Godnlmhig 
Ust. October catalogued “En- 
glish School”, sold for £924. 

The auctioneers refused to 
name tbe dealer who bought 
them but be is believed to be 
one who combs country sates 
and sells in London.. 

Stallion in a Landscape” 

In Sotheby's London sale of 
March !2 one of tbe foxhound 
studies made £34.000 and tbe 
other £5*LOO0. They were 
bought by Spink's of King 
Street; St James's, 

Mr Hancock says that coun- 
try sales are so fnB of fakes 
that “everyone ■ gets neurotic 
about it”. He had attended the. 

second sale where the fox- 
hounds appeared but deckled 
against them. 

Mr John Nicholson of Mes- 
senger. May and Baverstock 
confirmed that the trade was 
represented in strength at his 
auction but the general feeling 
was against them. They came 
from a private owner. 

The “Dapple Grey” had 
apparently belonged to the 
same family for a long time 
before appearing at the Ellis 
auction. It has a curious semi- 
circular inscription on (be 
bottom of the picture which 
reads “Some of Old Sterling P 
Stubbs”. It had been badly 
cleaned recently, according to 
Mr Hancock. 

.After tbe sale he sold a half 
share to Mr Mkhael Rich of 
Marlow and they collaborated 
in research. By the time tbe 
picture was consigned to 
Sotheby's its authenticity had 
been established. 

deal for 
rate rebels 

Rate-rebel councillors 
banned from Lambeth council 
in south London have been 
allowed to pay their £105.000 
surcharge for “wilful 
misconduct" in interest-free 

The deal worked out by 

lawyers was disclosed by the 
Audit Commission, which 
could not say how long the 
repayment period would be. 

If councillors arc found to 
have lost more than £2.000 
through wilful misconduct 
they arc surrhai^ed for the 
loss and banned from all 
council office for five years. 

The deal is further evidence 
of the cautious approach to 
surcharge being taken by cn- , 
forcemeat authorities. 

Report, page 2 

the Blue 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Mr Richard Branson cap- 
tured the Blue Riband title for 
the fastest Atlantic crossing 
when his power boat. Chal- 
lenger II. raced past the 
finishing line off the Isles of 
Sciliy at 734 yesterday 

Mr Branson and bis fire- 
man crew made maritime his- 
tory by recording a time of 
three days, eight hours, 31 
minutes, cutting two hours, 
nine minutes off the previous 
record, set 34 years ago by the 
American cruise liner the SS 
United States. 

A small flotilla of pleasure 
craft from the port of St 
Mary's in the Scillies greet 
Challenger by blowing fog- 
horns as the vessel shot past 
the line at the Bishop Rock 
lighthouse, eight miles south- 
west of tbe island. 

When Challenger II crossed 
the finishing line, Mr Branson 
unravelled the six-foot-long 
bine pennant to fly from the 
boat's masthead. The Bine 
Riband emblem is the symbol 
of the fastest transatlantic 
vesseL Moments 
said: “We are throwing down 
the gauntlet for anyone else to 
make a transatlantic challenge 
and try to beat it” 

Mr Branson's girlfriend. 
Miss Joan Templeman, his 
daughter Holly, aged four, his 
son Sam. aged one, and his 
parents and grandmother were 
on hand at the quayside in St 
Mary's to greet the 72ft vesseL 
Mr Edward Branson, the 
entrepreneur's father, said 
that Challenger could have 
knocked more time off the 
record if it bad not been 
dogged by engine and weather 
problems. In the final stages 
the boat had to make a 30-mile 
detour to avoid bad weather. 

Challenger U's engine prob- 
lem began on Friday when the 
fuel tanks became contaminat- 
ed with sea water and two 
engineers Mr Stephen Lawes 
and Mr Eckhard Rastig, 
worked around the clock to 
keep fuel lines open. 

The boat lost nine hoars 
because or the coatemmatien 
and new fuel filters were 
dropped by parachute from an 
RAF Nimrod. 

But Challenger's progress 
was again dogged by heavy 
seas which at times forced the 
boat to reduce speed to 34 
knots from its 50-knot maxi- 
mum. The next hurdle was a 
tricky night-time refuelling 
with the Irish Navy vessel LE 
Aoifa, The Irish sailors man- 
aged to complete tbe operation 
in 30 minutes. 

Challenger IT's crossing has 
rekindled interest io the 148- 
year-old challenge. 

The title originates from the 
blue ensignia of the British 
Order of the Garter, when it 
was first established iu IS38 
by the steamer Great Western 
which crossed from Bristol to 
New York in 1 5 days. 





By Philip Webster and 
Richard Evans 
Mr Norman Tebbit has 
suffered a severe loss of sup- 
port among Conservaiiv c 
MPs. who. only a year ago. 
regarded him as the natural 
successor io Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher as leader of the 
Conservative Party. 

At the same time, Mr 
Kenneth Baker, who entered 
the Cabinet less than a year 
ago. has emerged as the lead- 
ing contender to take the party 
leadership, if the contest to 
replace Mrs Thatcher lakes 
place after the next general 

These were the key findings 
of a survey conducted by The 
Tuna last week of three- 
quarters of the Conservative 
backbench intake of 1983. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe and Mr 
Peter Walker’ are the leading 
candidates to replace Mrs 
Thatcher, in the highly unlike- 
ly circumstance, of the leader- 
ship becoming vacant before 
the next general election. 

Last year, a similar survey 
gave Mr Tebbit. chairman of 
the Conservative party. 52 per 
cent support and a massive 
lead over all other contenders. 

The Times last week inter- 
viewed 75 ofthe Conservative 
MPs who first entered parlia- 
ment in 1983. 

Only 16 per cent of those 
slating preferences — a hand- 
ful were undecided or refused 
to co-operate — said they 
would back Mr Tebbit as Mrs 
Thatcher’s successor if her 
position became available 
during the next parliament. 
The same figure said they 
would support him in the 
event of an earlier contest 
Most of those switching 
votes from Mr Tebbit have 
done so with reluctance. But 
they were virtually unani- 
mous in declaring, with sad- 
ness. their belief that he is no 
longer the force he was before 
the Brighton bombing at the 
1984 party conference. 

Few believe he has made a 
full recovery from the physical 
injuries and emotional trauma 
f the attack, which also iefi 
his wife paralysed. . 

B-Ji there ves also a strong 
belief that Mr Tebbifs abra- 
ive style has had its day and 
the party would be ready for a 
new, softer image. More than 
one MP also spoke of a 
bitterness in Mr Tebbit which 
they had not previously 

“I think the bomb at Brigh- 
ton has taken rather loo much 
out of him. It has put a 
bitterness into him that was 
not there before." one MP 
said. Another remarked: ”! 
was a Tebbit man until the day 
he wound up a serious Com- 
mons debate on the plight of 
the inner cities and tried to use 
his speech to knock hell out of 
the Militant Tendency." 

The t twee survey confirms 
the rumours that have been 
Continued on page 20, col 8 


y r * 


— 2- 



Rate rebels to 
pay surcharge 
in interest-free 

By Hugh Clayton, Local Government Correspondent 

. Mr Ted Knight and his 
banned colleagues from Lam- 
beth council in south London 
have been allowed to pay their 
£105.000 surcharge for "wilful 
misconduct" in interest-free 

The deal worked out by 
lawyers was disclosed by the 
Audit Commission, which 
could not say how long the 
repayment period would be. 

The final size of the Lam- 
beth bill will not be known 
until costs have been appor- 
tioned. If councillors are 
found to have lost more than 
£2,000 through willfol mis- 
conduct they are surcharged 
for the loss and banned from 
all council office for five years. 

The deal is further evidence 
of the cautious approach to 
surcharge being taken by en- 
forcement authorities dealing 
with councillors who are ac- 
cused or suspected of willful 
misconduct in last year's abor- 
tive Labour rates rebellion. 

In spite of pressure from 
MPs and councillors in other 
panics, auditors are in no 
hurry to claim all the money 
outstanding. They have fo- 
cused so far on interest fore- 
gone when Labour members 
of some councils delayed fix- 
ing rates in the hope of 
extracting more cash from the 

Further action depends on 
the result of a complicated 
court case which is due to 
open a week from today. The 
49 surcharged councillors 
from Liverpool are to appeal 
against rejection of an earlier 
appeal against an auditor's 
verdict that they had caused 
unnecessary losses through 
willful misconduct in the rates 

The Liverpool appellants 
include Mr Derek Hatton, 
deputy leader of Liverpool 
council, and Mr Tony 
Mulheam, former president of 
the district party in the city, 
who are fighting expulsion 
from the Labour Party 

Mr Knight and the sur- 
charged Lambeth councillors 
decided in the spring that they 
could not affoid to mount a 
similar appeal. 

The outcome of the Liver- 
pool case, which may not be 
known until the autumn, will 
determine whether auditors 
press surcharge demands 
against rebel Labour council- 
lors in Sheffield and the 
London boroughs of Camden. 
Southwark, Greenwich and 
Islington. All joined in the 
rebellion last year but surren- 
dered to government demands 
before Lambeth and 

It is also uncertain whether 
auditors will pursue other 
losses alleged to have been 
incurred in Lambeth and Liv- 
erpooL They include, for ex- 
ample, an estimated extra 
£30,000 incurred in Lambeth 
for overtime payments to staff 
who had to process delayed 
rates demands. 

Mr John Cartwright, SDP 
parliamentary spokesman on 
local government and a for- 
mer Labour leader of Green- 
wich council, said yesterday: 
"f cannot see how the district 
auditor is prevented from 
stating that there is a prima 
facie case of willful miscon- 
duct in borough X simply 
because borough V is appeal- 
ing. I really think that the 
whole procedure has come out 
of this very badly. 

Tory seeks 
new deal 
for inner 

Inner cities will have to 
adopt more balanced multi- 
cultural policies to avoid fos- 
tering racial barriers .and 
community ghettos, according 
to a report published today. 

"The race issue in our inner 
cities and elsewhere has been 
exploited in two destructive 
ways, which instead of lower- 
ing barriers, have reinforced 
barriers and divided 
communities." the report's 
author, Mr Anthony Coombs, 
Conservative education 
spokesman with Birmingham 
City Council said yesterday. 

He said that over the past 
decade balanced policies for 
equal opportunities and the 
integration of ethnic minor- 
ities had been “hijacked" by 
socialists and sofUeft profes- 
sional multi-culturalists. 

"Racial harmony will never 
be achieved in our inner cities, 
or anywhere else, unless we 
emphasize what we have in 
common, that is we are all 
British, Brummies, Mancu- 
nians, Liverpudlians, and not 
what divides us", Mr Coombs 

In his report, Mr Coombs 
criticizes local authorities for 
promoting bilingual teaching 
in schools, saying it will 
extend cultural barriers. 

He urges the Government 
to grant inner cities enterprise 
zone status and the opportuni- 
ty to set up development 

Inner cities are the debris of 
Britain's changing society, 
while they should be the 
nucleus of Britain's new in- 
dustrial growth, he says. 

Successful black and Asian 
businessmen should be pro- 
moted as models of success, 
and building societies should 
offer low-interest loans to 
homeowners who want to 
refurbish inner-city property. 

Improving Our Inner Cities 
(Bow Publications, 240 High 
Holbom. London WC1V 7dT; 


A mBIt tony ploughing 
through floodwater which rose 
to four feet in parts of Tor- 
quay, Devon, yesterday. Thun- 
derstorms and Doods swept 
across south -west England 
and south-west Wales, cooling 
the heatwave that has covered 
Britain since last Thursday. 

Torquay was worst affected 
by the floods. Roads were 
dosed and town centre shops 
lost thousands of pounds of 

But most parts of England 
still basked in humid warmth 
throughout the day.with tem- 
peratures reaching the high 
seventies and low eighties. 

Although the thunder- 
storms will spread today from 
the west of England, most 
central and eastern areas wfll 
still have warm, dry weather 
with plenty of sunshine; the 
London weather bureau said. 

Forecast, page 20 

By-election campaign 

Tebbit after the cussed vote 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Mr Norman Tebbit, the 
Conservative Party chairman, 
will be hoping for some awk- 
ward customers tomorrow 
when he launches his party's 
campaign to overcome the 
habits of a lifetime and cap- 
ture Newcastle-under-Lyme 
in the by-election on July 17. 

The seat fell vacant after the 
resignation of Mr John Gol- 
ding, the Labour right-winger 
who has forsaken Westmin- 
ster to be the £33,000-a-year 
general secretary of the Na- 
tional Communications 

His wife and personal assis- 
tant, Ltin, aged 53, was 

promptly installed as his puta- 
tive successor and a snap poll 
fixed for three weeks' time. 

Mr Tebbit will be hoping 
that the native cussedness of 
this sedate North Stafford- 
shire town may cause its 
residents to regard the whole 
affair as a hasty intrusion into 
the lazy days of summer and. 
for once, turn their backs on 
the family firm. It is a slim 

Mr Tebbitl's champion is 
Mr Jim Nock, aged 51, a 
hotelier from Heme Bay and 
leader of Canterbury City 

No doubt, as he seeks to 

overcome a 2,804-majority at 
the last election, the enthusias- 
tically Thatcherite Mr Nock 
will be canvassing the bloody- 
minded vote by recalling Mr 
Golding's parting shot to his 
constituents: "There is noway 
I would have created a by- 
election Labour could lose." 

Also hoping to prove him 
wrong is Mr Alan Thomas, 
aged 46, a college lecturer and 
CND supporter, who has just 
17 days to shift the Alliance 
band wagon into lop gear. 


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Lawrence iC) 18.406 

1 (L'AUi 10.916 1 21 .6 per 




“It was February last year when I fell 
over. I’ve got arthritis, you see, and 
itfs difficult to bend down. I dropped 
a tin of beans and fell trying to pick it up 
Of course, then I couldn’t get up. It was 
just me and the beans, stuck there on 
the floor? 

in Britain, 189,000 old people 
can’t get in and out of bed without 
help. 695,000 can’t cope with stairs. 
1,056,000 can’t walk without help. One 
household in seven is inhabited by an old 
person living alone. 

The consequences of frailty can be 
devastating to the old. A five inch kerb- 
stone; turning a key; a patch of uneven 
ground; the ability to manage everyday 
obstacles like these can easily make the 
difference between living at home, or not 

Help the Aged funds Day Hospi tals 
where people like Eric can receive the 
individual therapy to give them the ability 
and the confidence to retain their precious 

After treatment to improve balance 
and co-ordination, including practice in 
bending down and picking the ball from 
one bucket to another, he was confident 
enough to go home. 


Except that they were able to 
help further. By wrapping string 
round it to thicken the handle, Eric can now 
hold a saucepan so he can eat hot food again. 

The entire quality of life for millions of 
old people depends upon simple, practical 
measures like those the Day Hospital 

In addition Help the Aged supports Day 
Centres, helps fund minibuses, provides 
emergency alarm systems and supports 
hundreds of other projects to combat the 
loneliness, isolation and frailty that so many 
people suffer, just because they’re old. 

To find out more about our work, or 
to send a donation, please write to: 

Help the Aged, Freepost T5A, . 

I St. James’s Walk, \ \ 

London ECIB IBD. 

Help the Aged 

Pimm ff'HTWta’cor crate. 

Bill faces 

By Sheila Gunn 

The Government feces an- 
other serious defeat on the 
Social Security Bill in the 
House of Lords .today. 

Ministers warned peers 
against wrecking the overhaul 
of the benefits system after 
their two policy reversals last 
Mondays But leading lawyers 
in the Lords are determined to 
press through changes to the 
social fund. 

Lord Scarman, the former 
High Court judge, is anxious 
for social fund claimants to 
have the right of appeal to an 
independent tribunal if their 
appheations for help are re- 
fused. Under the Bill as it 
stands they could only com- 
plain to the Department of 
Health and Social Security. 

Lord Scarman is backed by 
Lord Elwyn-Jones, the former 
Lord Chancellor, and Lord 
Wigoder, the Liberal lawyer. 

The Government could find 
it difficult to remove such an 
amendment as it is likely to be 
supported by many MPS. 

Ministers are expected to 
try to reverse last week’s 
defeats during the third read- 
ing of the BOI in the Lords. 
Peers rejected a clause forcing 
those on benefits to pay the 
first 20 per cent of their rales 

Revolt on 
of airline 

By Ronald Fame 

.Highlanders campaigning 
against the rerouting of the 
Inverness to London 
Heathrow air service are seek- 
ing a meeting with Mr John 
Moore, Secretary of State for 
Transport* to [point oat to. the 
Government the serious impli- 
cations of any change for the 

The daily flights operated 
by Dan Air carry 100,060 
passengers a year into 
Heathrow. The campaign 
group, representing business 
and local authority interests, 
say that 25,000 of these 
travellers go on to other 
international airlines that 
would not be available at 
Gatwick or any other 

The Civil Aviation Author- 
ity, which is seeking to re- 
route die service from the 
crowded Heathrow terminals, 
estimated that only 12^00 
Highlanders go on to interna- 
tional services. 

One Highland industrialist 
called the service, which runs 
at a profit, "not just an airline 
but a lifeline between the 
Highland's capital and 

concern on 
of women 

Cardinal Basil Hume. Arch- 
bishop of Westminster, said 
yesterday that if the Ch urch of 
England proceeded with the 
ordination of women to the 
priesthood, it would be a 
serious obstacle to its union ; 
with the Roman Catholic ” 

He said on TVam s Jona- 
than Dimhleby on Sunday 
programme: "What worries . 
me is not only that this issue is •; 
likely to make church unity * 
more difficult between out- .*• 
selves and the Anglican com- * 
munily but I am very 
frightened that there is going r 
to be a split in the Church of » 
England itself and further * 
fragmentation in the Church ;* 
of England." J* 

He said 75 per cent o(** 
Christendom did not acccpL*- 
the ordination of women, andw 
in his view, the Church had new, 
mandate for change. * ■ sj 
Leading article, page 

Benefits cut 
‘hits mother^ 

Thousands of women livfoade 
on the lowest incomes ^popl 
find their maternity bene^epiJ 
halved from next April und^ioa 
government proposals to fOn 
debated in the Lords todTwas 
the Maternity Alliance says-mpd 
The universal £25 mateiTin a 
ty grant will be abolished, ai« it 
replaced by a means-testae to 
payment of about £75. B qu- 
women on supplemenia .iwg 
benefit now also receive 5a mr 
average £168 to buy ba Sim* 
equipment, which they w<Tiwb 
lose under the new systeijstfll 

Store cleared**® 
in acid alert ^ 

Safety officials were vesting' 
day investigating an escapejg^ 
sulphuric acid fumes trorr- ant | 
factory in St Heleif,,^ 
Merseyside. \ ■ 

A supermarket was evacua^, 
ed and a hospital sealed o^ ; 
after the leak on Saturday . 
Residents were advised to staj^-y 
indoors and trains on the . 
Manchester to Liverpool line 
were stopped. 

PC trial today 

Police Constable Brian 
Chester, aged 35, who is 
charged with the manslaugh- 
ter of John Shortbouse, aged 
five, goes on trial today. The 
boy died during a dawn raid 
by armed police on his family 
home in Barra ns Road, Kings 
Norton, Birmingham, last 

Murder hunt 

Police began a murder in- 
vestigation after Mr Valentine 
Gleim, aged 81, and Mr 
Zbigniew Strabrava. aged 9f. 
were found strangled in their J 
rooms early yesterday at 7 
Sommerville Hastings House, 
an old people's home in 
Stockwell south London. 

Picket trouble 

Five people were arrested 
outside the News Internation- 
al plant at Wapping, east 
London, on Saturday night for 
public order offences when 
about 2,000 demonstrators 
picketed the plank 


DM IN* Gibraltar 6 o£ 

lBaitouiw aj sa 5% 


9 . 00 : PaKHtan Rn 16: Portugal Esc 


200-year-old pit dies 


Last waltz at the Bunker 

By Tun Jones 

During the miners' strike, 
the men of Maerdy colliery, 
the last pit in the ooce-nrighty 
Rhondda Valley, described 
their struggle as "the last 
waltz". The dance ends today 
when the final lamp of coal 
wfll be bronght to the surface, 
ending 200 years of tradition 
in the valley. 

There will be no ceremonial 
to mark the end of an era by 
the miners who marched back 
to work behind their brass 
band, swearing to continue the 

Instead, they will walk the 
mile to the gram bat decaying 
miners' institute, drink beer, 
and reflect on the fact of 
“Little Moscow". 

That sobriquet was earned 
by being the first to enter the 
fight and last to leave. If 
Cortonwood colliery, York- 
shire, where the strike began, 
was known as the Alamo, 
Maerdy became known as the 

So confident were they of 
their ingrained discipline they 
did not even bother to estab- 
lish picket lines outside the pit 
entrance. No one could have 
endured the stigma of break- 
{ ranks. There is stfll one 
foftnnate soul in the villa ge 
known as Dai Black because 
he jnst thought of crossing the 
picket lilies during the 1926 
general strike. 

Rhondda coal did more than 
fuel an empire, sending iron- 
clads to war and wanning the 
mansions of the men who 
owned it and the mean houses 
of those who worked it. 

It frightened the British 
1 to the core for 

Warning over 
pit strike 

Sir Ian MacGregor, the 
outgoing chairman of British 
Coal, gave a warning yester- 
day that the industry would 
not survive another miners' 

His prediction came on the 
eve of the annual conference 
of the National Union of 
Mineworkers in Tenby, South 
Wales, which begins today. 

On the agenda is a resolu- 
tion from the Yorkshire area 
threatening industrial action if 
pay demands are not met. 

Sir Ian, who makes way for 
Sir Robert Hasiara, former 
head of British SteeL on 
September 1, said in an article 
in the News of the World 
yesterday: “The next national 
strike by the NUM wall be the 
last The industry could not 
survive another. That road 
ends in total destruction ” 

The finances of British Coal 
had been badly affected by the 
slump in oil prices. It had been 
forced to cut £300 million a 
year from the prices it charged 
to the Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board and was prepar- 
ing to increase production at 
the pits with the lowest costs. 
"Costs will have to be 
trimmed to the bone." Sir lan 

socialism rode on its roves 
black back and powerful men* 
trembled before the radical 
and egalitarian ideas it 

Maerdy men hung oat the 
hammer and sickle to mark 

royal occasions and in their 
libraries, now dosed, the min- 
ers embraced the philosophies 
which have insured the valley, 
coal or no, will always remain 
mouoUthkally socialist. 

Miners will still use the pit 
bead cages at Maerdy to 
descend 2,000 feet below the 
Rhondda to win coal but it will 
be extracted to the surface at 
the Tower colliery in the q 
Aberdare Valley. ' 

British Coal said Maerdy / 
had to be twinned under- A 
ground with Tower because it a 
was losing abour £5 million a * 
year. They hope the future isL- 
secure for the 450 men remain-^ * 
ing oat of the pre-strik£V 
workforce of 850. 

Through British Co? 
schemes, the valley is beiij'* 1 
landscaped and feeco»J|lS 
green again. I -- 

There is one factory fesfeiv 

makes enough Christmas 

tinsel each year to drdfcs for 
world twice. But now th^cretary 
waltz has ended, the tinsbdl of 
tarnis,ied - pwants 

Mr Alan Hunt, whor®^® 11 
worked at Maerdy fajalatihg 
years, said: “It will be r* he 
sad occasion, particular!] 
onr strike. But we are ; 

depressed to be very emt 

about it." 

.Mr Ronnie Morris, i 
with 13 years in the pi 
him, said: “Of course 
but Rhondda coal 
come np through 

Mr Idris Brc 
worked in the pit 
said: “A piece of 
history will finish to 
cannot fed too sad 
was a hellish coal 
always freezing do 

It is the 
draw' to 



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Exam nerves affecting 
most A-level pupils, 
lecturer’s survey shows 

- P ®y I - nc y Hodges, Education Correspondent 


- A survey of A-Ieve! students 
has revealed that 69.7 per cent 
experience such severe exami- 
. i nation nerves before and dur- 
wing the examinations that 
their performance almost cer- 
tainly suffers. 

. Nervous symptoms range 
from physical problems such 
as exhaustion and difficulty 
yritta deeping, to mental worry 
and even panic. The survey 
found that more than half the 
students experienced “panic 
reactions” during the exami- 
nation which entailed switch- 
ing between questions, 
continual rechecking of work, 
and dizziness and Minting. 

„ Yet only one in five or the 
A-level students in the survey 
received effective help and 

training in how to manage the 
stress and reduce the worry, 
according to Mr Don Davies, 
principal lecturer in teaching 
studies at Worcester College 
of H igher Education. 

His survey of 22 1 students, 
all undergraduates by that 
time, showed that 68.2 per 
cent of students felt they did 
not do as well as they were 
capable of doing. 

The most commonly cited 
reason was poor concentra- 
tion but excessive nervous- 
ness was mentioned by one 
fifth of candidates, and inade- 
quate revision by 15 per cent 

More than one third 
thought they could have done 
better if they had been allowed 
to work in private rather than 


^ntfits ^ 

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-c-s. . 

New course to provide 
training in electronics 

By AngeQa Johnson 

' -'A-Tx 

s;;;r '- cleared 
acid alert 

■ .*> 
’ • -ts- 

T. Oneof tire coratry's largest 
examining bodies is poised to 
-introduce a new electronics 
.examination, after employers 
called for more adequate stu- 
' (toot training. 

■ Many companies have ar- 
gued that passing a school 
jphysks, or any other science 
-examination, was not a dear 
.' Indication the student bad any 
-Specific knowledge or sliilh 
* related to the electronics, 

’ The new course, Bask Test 
(Specialist) In Electronics, be- 
ing introduced by the Associ- 
ated Examining Board, aims 
to provide young people with 
fundamental s kill* for 

employment in aS types of 
- electrical work in the engineer- 

its will be expected to 
demonstrate bask under- 

standing of components, their 
uses, calculations, instruments 
and safety procedures. 

It is part of a series of 
similar basic tests, already 
operated by the board, to 
assess transferable skills 
which students can use to get 
the best out of further t raining 
and education. These tests are 
not an extension of existing 
CSE ocJGCE examinalons. 

Mr Peter Roberts, training 
manager for Marconi Com- 
mand and Control Systems, 
welcomed the new test paper. 
It would be advantageous to 
both employers and school 
leavers when siftiug through 
job applications. 

Specimen papers of the test 
and syDaims has been sent to 
employers in electronics-relat- 
ed industries fix’ comment, 

in an examination centre. 
Forty-four per cent of students 
said they were worried during 
the examination, with the 
main worries being fear of 
letting down parents and 
teachers, and past failures. 

Sixty-nine per cent of stu- 
dents said they “worried a lot” 
before an examination, and 
60 per cent considered that 
worry had an adverse effect on 
their health. They suffered 
from headaches, stomach up- 
sets, sleeping difficulties, lack 
of appetite and loss of energy. 

Stress problems were relat- 
ed to the student's perfor- 
mance. Those with high 
grades had less difficulty than 
the average, and students with 
low grades had more. For 
future examinations 40 per 
cent would welcome training 
in how to manage their stress. 

Mr Davies, who has written 
a book on examination stress 
to be published this autumn, 
said it was common knowl- 
edge that there were large 
numbers of students whose 
examination performance 
failed to do justice to their 
ability, training or hard work. 

“The findings of this survey 
suggest that in some cases 
students are likely to be 
overwhelmed by the cumula- 
tive effects of prolonged worry 
and chronic fatigue.” 

Public examinations were 
one of the most extreme forms 
of competition m contempo- 
rary society, he said, exerting 
pressures on people which call 
for much more than ordinary 

Ian Botham, who has been banned from 
first-class cricket for two months, 
signing autographs yesterday when he 
played for an all-star eleven against the 
village team of Winslow, 

The England and Somerset cricketer 
is in trouble again over scathing after- 
dinner remarks nude at tire weekend 
about the England cricket selectors. 

Mr Colin Atkinson, chairman of the 

Test and County Cricket Board's disci- 
plinary committee, will meet tire board's 
secretary, Mr Donald Carr, today to 
discnss what to do. 

Botham, who described the selectors 
as “gin-slinging dodderers”, could face 
another charge of bringing the game into 
disrepute and be fined or have his 
suspension from the game extended. 
The board's executive committee meets 

Meanwhile, the selectors say they are 
treating his remarks with the contempt 
they deserve. Botham said yesterday 
that the remarks at a private dinner at 
Old Trafiord were “a jest”. He had been 
given an undertaking that be wo old not 
be quoted. 

A record cro wd of 3,000 watched him 
at Winslow (Photograph: Snresh 

Team chosen, page 40 

“Consequently the tradi- 
tional approach, concentrat- 
ing as it does almost 
exclusively on academic study 
and development, is too nar- 
rowly based and inadequate 
for the preparation Deeds of a 
substantial proportion of the 
student population. ” 

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F x 

vetted by 
private eye 

By AngeQa Johnson 

Job applicants are having 
. .their private lives scrutinized 
far more by British compa- 
. pies, which are using private 
investigate is. the National 
^Council for Civil. Liberities 
, says. . 

New recruitment methods 
have made employers use a 
battery of techniques in their 
drive for “total personality 
assessment”, the council says. 
' This has led to background 
checks, the use of private 
detectives; psychological 
K “honesty tests”, lie detectors 
■and intimate interview 

•• No aspect of a job 
applicant's private life is 
spared the searching scrutiny 
of the company vetting proce- 
dures — drinking habits, sex 
life, children's behaviour and 
..wife's past liaisons, can all be 
. fair game in the recruitment 
..environment of the mid- 

Miss Marie Staunton, the 
council's legal officer. sai± 
“We are aware that employers 
;.and job agencies are asking 
-■irrelevant and personal ques- 
' /lions, but in today's job 
^climate many, perhaps most 
^people don’t want us to take 
.“up their cases.” 

She said most examples 
have been concentrated in the 
areas of insurance, private 
hospitals, and general white- 
collar work. 

“In one case, a man was 
refused a job as a railway 
carriage cleaner after failing a 
personality test.” 

- Every type of job applicant 
. .could be affected — from pet- 
rol pump attendants and cleri- 
cal workers to top company 

Mr Peter Heims, a private 
detective and spokesman for 
.the Association of British 
/Investigators, said his private 
“detective company in 
-Letherhead. offers employers 
.pre-employment checks that 
range from a basic £30 inquiry 
(used by . a chain of petrol 
. stations to check out prospec- 
. live forecourt attendants) to a 
'JlJ.OOO “de luxe” investiga- 
tion. normally reserved for 
boardroom candidates and 
involving surveillance of the 
"subject and, possibly, his wife. 

Gold theft 
suspect off 
to Brazil 

By Stewart Tendler . , 

Scotland Yard detectives 
believe that the arrival is 
Brazil at the weekend of a 
British jeweller linked to the 
£26 iniDion -Brinks -Mat gold 
robbery coaid herald the start 
of a stream of British fugitives 
expelled from Spain fleeing to 
Sooth America. 

Apart from Brazil, British 
fugitives living in Spain are 
known to have investigated 
conditions other Sooth Ameri- 
can countries. 

Several wanted Britons are 
faring possible expulsion from 
Spain under a new aliens act. 

In tire past year, fugitives 
faring the rigours of the act 
have been monitored by Scot- 
land Yard as they seek conn- 
tries where they can move 
assets from Spain. 

But the first Briton to be 
expelled was Mr John Palmer, 
aged 36, a jeweller, who was 
flown from Tenerife, in the 
Canary Islands, to Madrid 
and then placed on a flight to 
Rio de Janiero mi Saturday. 

Extradition arrangements 
with Spain come into force 
next week, but the treaty 
cannot be retrospective. In the 
meantime Spain passed the 
new aliens act which created 
powers for the expulsion of 

IRA trials 
in 1970s 

By Our Crime Reporter 

Pressure for an inquiry into 
three IRA trials involving 1 7 
convictions in the 1970s will 
be increased this week with a 
Yorkshire TV investigation 
into the case of the Woolwich 
and Guildford public house 
bombings-in 1974; • 

The convictions arc adding 
to concern already expressed 
over two other convictions in 
the 1970s. 

Doubts were raised about 
the conviction of six men for 
the Birmingham public house 
bombing in 1974 in which 21 
people died, and the conspira- 
cy to cause explosions which 
led to the conyjction, in a 
separate case, of a north 
London family, including Mrs 
Annie MacGuire. 

Last week Mr Douglas 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
announced that he bad or- 
dered a police report into 
television allegations that the 
mot convicted of the Birming- 
ham case had been ill-treated 
by police and that there were 
questions over new evidence. 

Calls for a review of the 
Guildford case are being sup- 
ported by Mr Meriyn Rees, 
Home Secretary and Secretary 
of State for Northern Ireland 
in the 1970s, and Lord Fitt 
former leader of the SDLP. 

Trial opens today for 
couple on spy charges 

Secret radio transmissions, 
maps and false identification 
are said to have been involved 
during nearly five years of 
alleged espionage activity by 
an East German couple who 
go on trial at the Central 
Criminal Court today. 

Reinhard Schulze, aged 33. 
and his wife, Sonja, aged 36, of 
Waye Avenue, Cranford, west 
London, together or separate- 
ly face an indictment of five 
counts. Three are under the 
Official Secrets Act and two 
under ibe Forgery and Coun- 
terfeiting Act 1981. 

The couple are together 
charged that between January 
1980 and August 1985 they “ 
did diverse acts preparatory to 
communicating to another 

person information which was 
calculated to be or might have 
been or was intended to be 
directly or indirectly useful to 
an enemy”. 

They did so, according to 
the charge, by living in Brit- 
ain. possessing false docu- 
ments of identification, a 
quantity of maps, and equip- 
ment for the receipt or com- 
munication of secret 

Mr Schulze, an interior 
decorator, is charged with 
making a false statement 
claiming to be Bryan Walde- 
mar Stnmzein an application 
to obtain a British passport. 

Mrs Schulze, a translator, is 
charged with possessing an 
irregular Austrian passport. 

day fears 

Prince Andrew yesterday 
confessed to wedding nerves, 
to worries about his comfort if 
the big day is hot, and said he 
knew “absolutely nothing” 
about Miss Sarah Ferguson's 
dress design. 

While the wedding dress 
was being kept a secret, the 
Prince admitted his fiancee 
did not know where they were 
going on their honeymoon. 

“I would love to get July 23 
out of the way”, he said mi 
BBC Radio, while taking part 
in a celebrity day pigeon shoot 
at Seabnd, near Chester. 

“The build-up to ft gets 
more and more tense towards 
the day. It is very difficult to 
enjoy the day, but you do 
because by the time you have 
done it all, it will all work like 

“Once that is over, I think ft 
is time for a holiday — any- 
way, a little one.” 

He said the wedding plans 
were going very well and they 
were finalizing the Abbey 
seating arrangements. 

“I shall be dressed in uni- 
form, which «,the rigyrm. 
supposed to be in. Jf ihe 
weather is anything like this, 
Tm going to boO so I'D have to 
find some coo Hug treatment 
part of the way down the 

Asked about his fiancee's 
wedding dress, he said: “I'm 
not allowed to know, and I 
won't see the dress until ft 
conies up die aisle. The pages 
and bridesmaids and wedding 
dress are all being done by 
Sarah, and stfe doesn't want 
me to know anything about it” 

The Prince said the build-up 
of public affection as the 
wedding approached had been 
very noticeable, particularly 
during their visit to Northern 
Ireland last week. 

Of his plans for after the 
wedding, be said: “I shall 
probably stay in the Navy for 
some considerable time. 
-Asked bow Miss Ferguson 
would feel if he had to go to sea 
again, be said: “She's very 
keen that I should stay hi the 
Navy, or do what I would like 
to do.” 

• The Prince of Wales, who 
has been identified for some 
time with initiatives to help 
small businesses, is to make a 
plea on Wednesday for larger 
companies to do more to aid 
smaller concerns, including an 
idea for giving at least 1 per 
cent of pre-tax profits. 

The Prince is offering a 
personal bonus to companies 
willing to help. He will say he 
would be interested to bear 
from companies which are 
carrying out his objectives. 

He wants the share of bigger 
companies' profits to go to 
local community enterprise 
initiatives and charities. But 
some business leaders such as 
the Confederation of British 
Industry are likely to be 

The Prince's plan suggests 
buying locally from small 
companies and paying bills 
promptly, while generally be- 
ing helpful with sales and 
purrhasing contacts. 

Additive ban in children’s food urged 


Seventy. MPs have backed a 
-motion urging the Government 
jo ban unnecessary additives 
‘from foods liable to be con- 
sumed by. children aged under 

The MPs have called for an 
urgent government debate on 
food additives, particularly 
Tartrazine. one of the most 

.' common artificial colouring 

agents, which has been banned 
‘from foods in Bir mingham 

Two of the campaigners, Sir 
- Geoffrey Johnson Smith, Con- 
Iservative MP for Weakfonand 
Mr Michael Meadowooft, 
Liberal MP for West Leeds, 
said that the Government . 
amid no ' longer ignore -the 
^growing evidence against 

r “MPs are increasingly con- 
cerned -about the effects of 

these additives, particularly 
Tartrazine, on babies and 
young children,” Mr Meadow- 
croft said. 

“The Government can start 
by removing all unnecessary 
additives from foods which 
children eat, and more money 
most be spent on research,” he 

Nutritionists and consumer 
groups have campaigned 
against additives for the past 
nine years in Britain and there 
have been similar moves in 
Europe, the United States and 

kecs, sndt as Tesco, Safeway 
and Sainsbury, banned a wide 
range of additives, induding 
Tartrazine, from their own- 
label lines, and other manufac- 
turers have since followed suit 
But many' products containing 

Tartrazine are still being sold. 

Tartrazme, a yellow eotonr- 
ing from a group of synthetic 
chmnicals called azo dyes, 
originally derived from coal 
ter. Is suspected of affecting - 
children's .behaviour. 

Dieticians in Birmingham 
are studying other food addi- 
tives to see if they should be 
banned from school foods, 
after two reports pablished* 
last week. 

Tartrazine leads a list of 
additives investigated by the 
London Food Coramissioo 
during the past three years. 
According io a report pub- 
lished by the commission last 
October, a number of azo dyes 
are suspected -of causing 

Dr John Hunter, a consnl- 
tent physician and gastroen- 
terologist at Addenbrookes 

Hospital, Cambridge, said 
that the Government should 
inject more money into 

“Tartrazme is certainly 
harmful but in a small percent- 
age of people. It has been 
shown to be related to hyper- 
activity in children and other 
problems, such as skin rashes, 
migraines and bowel upsets,” 
Dr Hunter said. - 
The Hyperactive Children's 
Support Group believes that at 
least oae in 30 children in 
Britain is hyperactive. 

. Mrs Vicky Colqiibofln, its 
chairman, sahL “We have 
thousands of worried parents 
contacting us every month for 
advice on diet” 

She also believes that preg- j 
Bant women should etenrinate 
unnecessary additives from 
their diet. 

Cautious ‘yes’ to 
pay-TV scheme 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, 'will give 
qualified support to a radical 
“pay as you view” scheme for 
television when the Peacock 
report on the future financing 
of broadcasting is published 
on Thursday. 

The idea is for the public to 
buy the programmes they 
watch using a computerized 
credit card and so obviate the 
need for the £58 television 
licence fee. The report envis- 
ages such a system being 
introduced in stages by the 
end of the century. 

Ministers are said to favour 
it because it accords with 
Conservative philosophy of 
extending consumer choice 
and power by making the 
television viewer, not the 
broadcasting authorities, the 
final arbiter of what appears 
on his screen. 

years, Mr Hurd is unlikely to 
go beyond signalling his inter- 
est in tL 

The same cautious ap- 
proach will mark the rest of 
his response to the Peacock 

Controversial proposals on 
radio, notably the selling off of 
Radio I and Radio 2. the 
setting up of a national inde- 
pendent radio network and 
the creation of community 
radio stations, will all be 
referred for further consider- 
ation by a Home Office group 
reviewing the future of sound 

Their thoughts will be pub- 
lished in a Green Paper in the 
autumn to be the subject of 
further public consultation. 

By taking this cautious line, 
the Government has effective- 
ly decided to shelve Peacock 
and leave the broadcasting 

Pay as you view is being structure unchanged . 

seen in Whitehall as a politi- 
cally acceptable possible alter- 
native to advertising on BBC 
television — an option that has 
been ruled out by the commit- 
tee under Professor Alan Pea- 
cock of Heriot Watt 
University because there is 
too little revenue available to 
support services. 

But because the technology 
to implement the change will 
not be available for some 

The £58 licence fee has been 
pegged for three years and 
next comes up for Teview in 
the spring of 1988. 

• Mr Norman Buchan, shad- 
ow arts minister, said yester- 
day that the Government's 
reported derision to shelve 
plans to licence a network of 
community radio stations was 
“a kind of censorship” and “a 
great step back to the freedom 
of expression”. 

Check on 
food fraud 

An insurance fraud involv- 
ing contaminated food 
“cleaned” by irradiation is 
being investigated by the In- 
ternational Maritime Bureau. 
It is thought to concern im- 
ported food confiscated by 
port health authorities. 

The importer claims on his 
“rejection” insurance but in 
some countries is allowed to 
buy back the food cheaply . 

It is sent for irradiation and 
resubmitted to the inspectors 
who allow it to be passed on 
the public. 

The London-based bureau, 
a private agency investigating 
fraud, was alerted by one of 
the parties to a legal action 
involving rejection insurance. 

Mr Jack Heslop, assistant 
director of the International 
Chamber of Commerce, says 
that the bureau is seeking 
evidence to back information 
that a cargo of frogs legs was 
imported and rejected by 
American officials 1 1 times. 

• Many people on low in- 
comes are being forced to cut 
back on food to make ends 
meet, according to a report 
published today by the Lon- 
don Food Commission, an 
independent research 

Tightening Belts. (London Food 
Commission. PO Box 291, Lon- 
don N5 I DU. £5.00). 

Kiss of life 
study may 
save heart 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

A national investigation is 
to be held into how hospital 
staff try to save the lives of 
heart attack victims. 

Junior hospital doctors 
have been strongly criticized 
by examiners for their poor 
standards of resuscitation. 
One survey’ carried out last 
year showed that only 8 per 
cent were able to manage a 
cardiac arrest adequately. 

Almost half the doctors 
tested in a London teaching 
hospital were unable to per- 
form external cardiac massage 
or mouih-io- mouth resuscita- 
tion properly on a model. 

Criticism has been aimed at 
medical schools for not 
putting enough emphasis on 
the subject 

A study funded by the 
British Heart Foundation is 
now to be carried out at 15 
hospitals on how resuscitation 
is attempted. It should lead to 
improvements in the training 
and skills of hospital staff. 

“Cardiac massage and 
mouih-to-moutb respiration 
3 re widely used in attempts to 
sa%'e people whose hearts have 
stopped, but liule is known of 
the exact circumstances in 
which doctors and nurses use 
these techniques, or how suc- 
cessful they are.” the founda- 
tion said. 

The study will be by medi- 
cal researchers based at Sussex 
University, Brighton, h is one 
of 30 new research projects; 
costing almost £1 million, an- 
nounced today by the charity. 

Success in laser 
beam surgery 

Doctors in Sheffield have 
successfully carried out what 
is believed to be Britain's first 
laser beam coronary surgery to 
unblock a heart artery. 

The medical team, at 
Sheffield's Northern General 
Hospital, spent two years 
researching laser surgery. Last 
Friday they used the slender 
laser probe (about as thick as a 
fuse wire) to operate on a 39- 
year-old father of two from 
Stoke on TrenL 
He was given a local anaes- 
thetic during the delicate one 
and a half hour operation to 
remove fatty tissue which had 
restricted his blood flow and 
caused severe chest pains. He 
is expected to reurn home 
early this week. 

Dr David Cumberland, the 
consultant radiologist who led 
the learn, said: “We have 
shown that the laser can be 
safe and helpful in coronary 
artery surgery and I am well 
pleased with the outcome.” 

Laser beams have previouly 
been used by doctors at the 
hospital to dear blocked leg 


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” « h Jf y 

Space technology: 1 

Shuttle must be given 
new life to challenge 
Soviet dominance 

While the special commis- 
sion set up by President 
Reagan investigated the acci- 
dent in January to the Chal- 
lenger space shuttle, the 
prospects for manned space 
flight in the West looked 
bleak. Yet as with family grief, 
once the period of introspec- 
tion passes, planning for the 
future resumes. So with the 
space shuttle and manned 
space flight. 

Perhaps the finest tribute to 
the astronauts who died has 
come with the unveiling by 
NASA,the US space agency, of 
jts choice of design for an 
international permanent 
manned space station. It win 
be a little later and a little 
smaller than originally intend- 
ed. The regular crew will 
number six to eight, instead of 
ud to a dozen as had been 

Provided that the USfleei of 
space shuttles is back in 
operation in 18 months 1 time, 
and construction of the station 
starts within the following 
year, it should be ready after 

Sentiment apart, however, 
the feet is that the United 
States is compelled to revital- 
ize the space shuttle pro- 
gramme. A long line of 
military, scientific and cora- 

A revival of optimism in space technology was in ev- 
idence last week as experts from the United States, Eu- 
rope, China and Japan gathered in Afontreux to talk 
about projects on which £35,000 million will be 
committed over the next 20 years. In the first of three 
reports, Pearce Wright, Science Editor, looks at the 
reason for renewed confidence in the future, starting 
with manned spaceflight. 

merrial payloads is wailing to 
get into space. 

From the moment the Rus- 
sians launched Sputnik 1 29 
yeans ago the greatest stimulus 
has been Soviet competition 
and the threat of a widening 
gap in the military use of 
spaceflights. Moreover, the 
Americans are expecting the 
Russians to launch the Soviet 
version of the reusable shuttle 
at any time. 

With almost every day, the 
dominance of the Soviet 
Union in manned operations 
grows. A measure of Russian 
confidence is reflected in the 
recent phenomenon of extend- 
ed live television transmis- 
sions of each new 
achievement by cosmonauts 
from the advanced Salyut 
space station called Mir 

Cosmonauts have logged 
more than 4,000 days in orbit 
compared with nearly 1,600 
days by American astronauts. 

But some expats believe 
the importance of man in 
space can be over-empha- 
sized. They argue for a more 
judicious balance between the 
use of robots and automated 
operations, and astronauts. 

The internationally respect- 
ed head of the new British 
National Space Centre, Mr 
Roy Gibson, says that “ideal- 
ly, we should always have the 
option to choose between a 
manned or unmanned flight 
for any particular task 

Mr Gibson believes that 
“space activities in the last 
decade of this century win be 
transformed by a permanently 
manned station and its 

Those accessories include 
the development by the 11 
member nations of the Euro- 
pean Space Agency of a pres- 
surized laboratory, a man- 
tended fret-flyer and an 
unmanned polar platform. 
They form the programme 
given the ESA code-name 

It was little more than a 
month ago that NASA settled 
the basic shape of its space 
station. The most obvious 
features of the superstructure 
are long lattice work beams, 
forming a box-like shape. A 
central girder divides the 
structure, and provides the 
anchorage for four large cylin- 
drical chambers for the living, 
working and laboratory 

The international character 
of the space station is demon- 
strated by the fact that the 
United Slates mil make two of 
the chambers and the Europe- 
an Space Agency and Japanese 
Space Agency one each. 

One of the American cap- 
sules is for living, eating and 
sleeping and the other for 
laboratory work. 

Tomorrow: Triumphs of un- 
manned exploration 

Summit on 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Forty ministers from 18 
European countries and repre- 
sentatives from the European 
Commission will converge on 
London today to discuss the 
latest problems faring the 
European high technology re- 
search programme. Eureka. 

The project, seen as 
Europe's answer to the US 
“Star WanTStrategic Defence 
Initiative, is meant to many’ 
the talent of European compa- 
nies. which would jointly fund 
research into many of the 
areas being exploited by the 
US programme. 

The conference is the third 
to take place since the French 
initiative in April last year. 

Twenty-six European re- 
search projects arc now in 
progress through the scheme, 
largely funded by private 
sources, with budgets up to 
£70 million. The research sub- 
jects include biotechnology, 
telecommunications, new ma- 
terials and advanced manu- 
facturing techniques. 

The Eureka project, howev- 
er. has been criticized by some 
leading European industrial- 
ists. who consider that it has 
more political than commer- 
cial value. 

Apart from France, no 
country's government seems 
prepared to underwrite the 
cost of expensive research. 

The European electronic gi- 
ants, like Philips, have shown 
reluctance in joining the pro- 
gramme. Their view is typical 
of many European industrial- 
ists. who consider the project 
to lack direction, and to be 
high in political rhetoric but 
low in commitment. 

Warning to firms 
on Star Wars deal 

By Paul VaHely 

A warning that British 
companieswhich involved 
themselves in Star Wars re- 
search would risk losing copy- 
right and patent profits was 
given yesterday by Mr Paul 
Walton, of the Strategic Re- 
search Initiative. It is an 
independent group estab- 
lished to investigate the possi- 
ble benefits of the US defence 
programme to British 

“There are two main areas 
of risk," he said. “One is for 
commercial firms who may 
find that their research and 
development expertise is be- 
ing exploited and no manufac- 
turing contracts being given in 

“The other is for scientists 
who may find that their ideas 
are both classified as top secret 
and appropriated by Ameri- 
can firms, depriving them of 
both the intellectual recogni- 
tion on which an academic's 
reputation is built and also of 
any possible financial spin- 
ofl& from the research." He 
criticized the British Govern- 
ment for failing to point out 
such possibilities in its promo- 
tional material to encourage 
industry* and academics to bid 
for Strategic Defence Initia- 
tive (SDI) contracts. 

Already there was one clear 
example of a scientist whose 
work in the field of nuclear 
power stations had been ap- 
propriated and suppressed, he 

Mr Walton last week orga- 
nized a seminar attended by 
representatives from the busi- 
ness and university sectors 
considering involvement in 

At the seminar a paper by 

Mr Bill Davies, assistant di- 
rector of the policy unit in the 
Minisuy of Defence's SDI 
participation office, was read. 
It referred to the unpublished 
memorandum of understand- 
ing between the British and 
US governments. 

On the subject of intellectu- 
al property rights it said.-“It is 
not at present possible to 
provide in full detail the 
provisions contained in the 
memorandum of understand- 
ing and administrative ar- 
rangements as regards 
protection and use of informa- 
tion and the exercise of securi- 
ty and technology transfer 
controls. This is due to the 
classification of the docu- 
ments containing the relevant 

Mr Davies went on to make 
a distinction between back- 
ground and foreground 

“That distinction means 
that only work which was 
already patented or copyright- 
ed at the beginning of the 
research is protected. 

“Most of the British firms 
involved are manufacturing 
firms whose research is done 
at a loss. It is only viable if 
subsequently it leads 10 a 
manufacturing contract. SDI 
contracts do not offer this.” 

The dangers to scientists are 
also considerable, as has been 
demonstrated by the case of 
an American physicist Dr 
Andrew Sessler, who had his 
work, which was considered 
Nobel Prize standard, 

“Academic reputations de- 
pend on the papers a scientist 
can publish; classification can 
foil that” Mr Walton said. 

Jopling to 

By John Young 

Agriculture Correspondent 

Mr Vsevolod Mnrakhav- 
sky, senior Soviet agriculture 
minister, is dne to visit the 
Royal Show at Stooeleigh 
today where he will meet his 

British counterpart, Mr Mi- 
chael Jopling. 

Discission of the question 
of fallout from the Chernobyl 
nodear power station explo- 
sion, ami its association with 
higher than normal levels of 
radio caesram found in British 
sheep, is likely to be post' 
posted until the two men meet 
formally in London on 

Mr Jopling has said that he 
believes there is a good case in 
international law tor compen- 
sation, to be paid. 

Mr George Jackson, agri- 
cultural director of the Royal 
Agricultural Society of En- 
gland, the show's organizers, 
said yesterday that be thought 
that any country that’ tried to 
obtain compensation from the 
Russians would need to be on 
solid ground on add 


Mrs R os al i nd Close, from Berwick upon Tweed, preparing her longhorn heifer for the Royal 
Show at Stooeleigh today (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Mr Jadksoncriticzzed what 
he called a communications 
failure by the Ministry of 
Agriculture in the aftermath of 
the baa on the slaughter and 
movement of sheep tn parts of 
north Wales, Cumbria and 

The Government has given 
special dispensation for about 
thirty breeding ewes from the 
restricted areas to be brought 
to the show. 

Pollution fight, page 7 




By Cliff Feltham 

Time has run out for 1,500 
British Telecom shareholders 
who failed to pay the final 
instalment on their shares. As 
a result, many have missed the 
chance of malting a profit of op 
to £800 on their holding. 

The Government has taken 
over all the sharesand sold the 
block of about 600,000 in the 
stock market, collecting the 
profit which would otherwise 
have been made by the small 

Shareholders should have 
paid the third and filial Instal- 
ment of 40p in April to bring 
the total outlay to 130p. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry said: “We have 
no idea why people did not pay 
up. The bankers sent out three 
reminders, oue of them record- 
ed delivery. We jnst assume 
people have moved and not 
bothered to notify anyone of a 
change of address, or perhaps 
they have died. 

A letter has now gone out 
saying that the shares have 
been forfeited and the 90p 
already paid will be returned 
to them, wherever they are,” 

The shareholders concerned 
all held between 200 and 800 

When British Telecom was 
privatized in December 1984 
there was a dear warning that 
failure to pay the instalments, 
would result in shares being 
forfeit There are now about 
l£ million shareholders in 
British Telecom bat the job of 
tracking them down is a 
headache for most big 

Many people are also owed 
winnings from Ernie, the pre- 
mium bond scheme. At the last 
count about 57,595 prizes were 
unclaimed, some since 1957, 

the year it was launched, with 
seven prizes each worth 

Lawyers’ fees 

‘Pay on results’ proposal 

to examine 

The Law Society is tostudy 
the contingency fee system in 
the United States as part of the 
society’s review of ways to 
fund litigation excluded from 
the legal aid scheme. 

In the wake of the radical 
report published last Friday 
on legal aid by a team of 
government officials, the soci- 
ety is setting up its own 
working party 
alternatives to 

Mr Andrew Lockley, the 
society’s litigation secretary, 
said: “The report raises issues, 
which provide an opportunity 
for- a review of. a lot of 
practices and rules which have 
applied^ • * 

The .'Contingency, .fee. 
scheme, under which lawyers' 
take on a case for nothing: but 
recoup a percentage of the 
damages if the litigant is 
successful, is one area to be 

Another will be the feasibil- 
ity of a contingency fund, that 
the idea of which is supported 
by the Social Democratic 

Party/Uberal Alliance- 

Under such a fond, which 
would be a self-financing legal 
assistance scheme, would-be 
litigants could apply for funds. 
If their claim in the courts was - 
successful, they would have to 
pay a proportion of the dam- 
ages to the fond. 

Such a fond could help in 
borderline cases not now eligi- 
ble for legal aid or with dasss 
actions, such as victims of 
vaccine damage. 

The legal aid team proposed 
that solicitors should no long- 
er give publicly funded legal 
advice.which it said should be 
provided by- dozens' advice 

Final case on 
legal aid . 

The Bar and Law Society 
will scrutinize the 
Government's revised pay of- 
fer for criminal legal aid fees 
this week and prepare final 
responses to be submined as 
part of the fast stage in the pay 

The Lord Chancellor is 
believed to have offered solici- 
tors a pay package amounting 
to 1 1.5 per cent and the Bar 
about 10 per cent, to include 
the 5 per cent paid in ApriL 

Early soundings indicate 
that solicitors, who appear to 
have achieved a bener deal, 
would be unlikely to return to 
court to seek higher fees. 

The Bar, which will vote at 
its annual meeting on July 26, 
may be swayed by the pros- 
pect of a new pay review body, 
held out by the Lord 

Neither side would com- 
ment officially on the offers. 

One theory was the higher 
overheads solicitors have to 
pay, compared to barristers. 
Another was that solicitors 
put forward a stronger and 
better-argued case for their 
pay claim and may be more 
likely to return to court. 

But Lord Hailsham's spe- 
cial adviser. Mr Sandy Grey, 
is believed to consider neither 
case stronger than the other. 

Sale room 

James Bond car sold for £178,571 

James Bond's silver Aston 
Martin from the film 
Gold finger, with “machine 
guns” concealed behind the 
parking lights, detachable tyre 
shredders and a rotating li- 
cence plate, was sold for 
$275,000 (estimate $100,000 
to 200,000) or £178,571 at 
Sotheby's in New York on 

The car’s other unusual 
features include an oil sprayer 
from the right rear Light- and a 
tack spreader on the left. 

It was bought by Anthony V 
Pugliese III, the president of 
Film track Pictures, who in- 

tends using it in another 
feature film. 

It was sent for sale by a 
collector in Utah who also 
consigned Goldfinger's Rolls 
Royce Phantom IIL 

The car was built in 1937 for 
Lord Fairhaven of Anglesey 
Abbey who sold it to the film 
makers in 15162. It made 
$121,000 (estimate $100,000 
to £200.000) or £78,571 to Mr 
Steven Greenberg, the owner 
of a New York nightclub. 

The blue and white gingham 
pinafore, white blouse and 
blue socks worn by Judy 
Garland in the 1 939 produc- 

tion of The Wizard of Oz 
made $22,000. . 

The grey woollen suit worn 
by Clarke Gable in Gone with 
the Wind, also made in 1939. 
secured $17,600. 

Automatons were the other 
highlight of the “Collectors’ 
Carousel" sale. A peasant 
sitting on the back of a chair 
feeding a pig and laughing 
which was made in France 
around 1870 was sold for 
$25,300 (estimate $12,000 to 
$16,000) or £16,428 to a 
private collector. 

•The sale totalled £814,464 
with 6 per cent left unsold. 

Britons are armchair sports fans, poll shows 

By Mark Dowd 

Most Britons are armchair compared with football, 
sports fans, a MORI poll has 
shown. Nine in 20 of those 
interviewed said they had 
watched sport on television in 
the past year, but only 25 per 
cent had made the effort to go 
to a match or tournament. 

MOR( asked: Wikii of these things have you done in the past year?’ 


More than three-quarters of 
those questioned had seen 
snooker on television in the 
past year, making it by far the 
most popular choice, even 

Men are eight times more 
likely to attend a football 
game and five times more 
likely to go to a county cricket 
or Test fixture than women. 

Furthermore, the figures 
disclose a higher percentage of 
middle-class auenders in all of 
the six sports listed, with the 
exception of darts. - 
The survey also dispels the 
“working class” image of foot- 











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MOR! interviewed a 
aged 15-ptus in face to face 
between Aprfl 18 and 22. 1386. 

( QMORI/The Times 

sample of 1.913 respondents 
171 constituencies across Britain 

group sets 
out to curb 
hard sell 

By Christopher Wannan 

Property Correspondent 

A new body of some of the 
biggest names in timesharing 
is to be launched this week to 
provide a powerful voice in 
this increasingly popular but 
controversial holiday 

It reflects both die growth of 
the industry and the need to 
improve its image in the light 
on bad publicity over hard-sell ; 
techniques, poor management 
and the failure of some resorts, 
particularly overseas, to live 
up to their promises. 

The Timeshare Developers 
Group is an association of 
developers including Barra tt, 
Wimpey. Hennings and Euro-, 
pean Ferries, who have built a 
sizable proportion of 
timeshare units, which people 
purchase for a specific week or 
weeks in the year, m Britain 
and Europe. 

While acknowledging that 
the industry has attracted 
criticism, some of it justified, 
the developers argue that most 
of timeshare owners are happy 
with their purchases and that 
any problems that arise should 
be solved by the individual 
developer concerned. 

It is estimated that there are 
1.500 timeshare resorts in 45 
countries, with about 40 in 
Britain and more than 60,000 
British owners. The number is 
growing, and the art of persua- 
sion is becoming more sophis- 
ticated in its hard-sell 

The unsolicited letters ar- 
riving at thousands of homes, 
which- begin “you have been 
awarded £400 cash,” or a 
video recorder or microwave 
and insist that there is no 
obligation, lead to long pre- 
sentations of h resort and 
pressure to buy before the 
award is handed over. 

This is one problem that the 
existing timeshare organiza- 
tions are attempting to tackle, 
trying to make sure that there 
is a cooling-off period before 
the purchaser has to sign on 
the dotted line. 

The European Holiday 
Timeshare Association was 
set up early this year as a rival 
to the British Properly 
Timeshare Association, so 
that now there will be three 
bodies claiming to speak for 
the industry. 

Colonel Geoffrey Gilhead, 
secretary general of the Euro- ’ 
pean association, said they 
were concerned about con- 
sumer protection and the rep- 
utation of the industry. They 
were determined to do some- 
thing about the hard scIL 

Jail ‘slopping 
out’ predicted 
to year 2000 

Thousands of prisoners in 
Britain's jails will still be 
“slopping out" in the year 
2000, the National Associa- 
tion for the Care and Resettle- 
ment of Offenders (Nacro) 
says today. In a briefing paper. 
Sanitation in Prisons, the 
charity attacked the prospect 
as “indefensible". 

A quarter of Britain’s pris- 
oners are locked in their cells 
overnight with a chamber pot 
as their only sanitation. When 
they “slop out" in the morn- 
ing, the stench of urine and 
excrement pervades the pris- 
ons, Nacro said. 

The Chief Inspector of Pris- 
ons has described the arrange- 
ments as “uncivilised, un- 
hygienic and degrading”. 

Miss Vivien Stem, Nacro's 
director, saicL“Al though the 
Government has undertaken 
the largest prison binding - 
programme this century, 
thousands of prisoners will be 
slopping out in the year 2000. 

“This represents an inde- 
fensible set of priorities. Pris- 
oners must have access to 
proper sanitation, not just for 
hygienic reasons but for the 
preservation of dignity." 

Sanitation in Prisons. (Nacro. 

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Tbe South African emergenc y 

Zulu chief urges release 
of Mandela at largest 
rally since start of bans 

From Michael Hornsby Johannesburg 

_ Chief Gais ha But hetezi, the helicopter accompanied fey publishable source of 
Zuiu IeadCT^Kierday held the two white men in plain 

clothes, opened 

biggest poiitJcaJ rally since the 
state of emergency was de- 
clared on Jane 12, and said be 
was looking forward to work- 
ing together with Mr Nelson 
Mandela when the African 
National Congress (ANC) 
leader was released from 

Between 15,000 and‘20,000 
people attended the rally in 
the Jabulani stadium in 
Soweto, the sprawling blade 
township outside Johannes- 
burg. The police authorities 

S ve special permission for 
: rally to take place, waiving 
a ban bn all outdoor gather- 
ings of this kind. 

... his 
with a warning that 
were “on the' veige of a dvil 
war situation'* that could con- 
tinue even after liberation 
from white rale if steps were 
not taken to prevent iL 
The chief also told the rally, 
for which his followers had 
been bussed in from as far 
afield as Natal, that the Na- 
tional Council set up by 
President P W Botha for nego- 
tiation with blacks should not 
be dismissed out of hand, but 
that be could not take part init 
unless Mr Mandela was set 

Journalists were also aT 

of the 

After the rally, a bus taking lowed to attend. Nominally a 
members of Chief Buthelezi's “prayer meeting*’, the rally 

was at least as political in its 
purpose as, for example, the 
church service broken up by 
the police on June 15 in Elsies 
River, near Ope Town, on 
the grounds that it was an. 
illegal gathering. 

Meanwhile, the Bureau for 
Information announced 
in the 48 hours up to 6 am 

Inkatha organisation home 
was stoned and petrol- 
bombed, and two other gases 
crashed- into it, injuring at 
least 34 people, a statement by 
the Bureau for Information 
disclosed last night. 

According to other uncon- 
firmed reports, there was 
fighting earlier in the day 

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between Zulus and Xhosas at yesterday 13 more Slacks died 
a hostd for migrant workers in in continuing civil strife and 
Soweto in which as many as insurgency warfare, b ringi ng 
five people might have been to 85 the number of deaths 
killed. officially repotted since the 

. Brigadier Leon Mellet, the imposition of the emergency, 
bureau spokesman, said he Under the emergency regn- 
had checked these reports, and lad ops, the Bureau is the only 
they “seemed to be raise”. official source of information 

Chief BtrthdezL, who ar- about “unrest-related inti- 
rived at the stadi um in a dents”, and the only legally 

Amnesty reports priest 
whipped in church raid 


South African security men towards the end of a service, 

.hi! slopping 


in \ car 

sSi 3 

whipped a priest with rhino- 
hide whips as he protested 
against their violent raid mi 
his church, in which a 14-year- 
old boy died and 35 other 
parisbonos were injured and 
had to receive hospital treat- 
ment, according to reports 
retrieved by Amnesty Interna- 
tional at the weekend. 

It was the fourth account of 
attacks by government forces 
on church congregations gath- 
ered to pray in commemora- 
tion of the tenth mmiveisary of 
tbe'Soweto uprising. 

It occurred in the Ciskei 
homeland, an area which in 
theory is not covered by the 
regulations of the current state 
of emergency declared by 

Security men are said to 
have moved through the as- 
sembly at the Men Methodist 
Church in Mdairtsane, the 
major town of the region, 
lashing ont in all directions 
with whips. 

The 14-year-old boy, whose 
name was not available, died 
from head injuries after the 
attack. One unconfirmed re- 
port said that one other person 
died in the raid. 

Two truckloa d s of security 
men arrived at tbe church 

which had earlier been visited, 
by police who moved among 
the congregation with video 
cameras, the reports sa id 

Local authorities at Ciskei 
have churned foe security 
forces intervened because the 
service was “unruly’*, hot, 
according to Amnesty Interna- 
tional, local people deny this. 

Elsewhere in South Africa 
fears , are growing that a 
renewed purge of Mack trade 
unionists has began. In Lon- 
don the British TUC said it 
had received reports of a major 
operation which was bringing 
a new wave of arrests. 

Mr Jay Naidoo, the leader 
of the Council of South Afri- 
can Trade Unions (Cosato), is 
thought to be -.among the 
detainees. The leader of 
Cosatn, which dates half a 
million members, is said to 
have been tracked down ted 
arrested after going into hid- 
ing when toe state of emergen- 
cy was declared. 

Mr Moses Mayakiso, tbe 
general secretary of the Metal 
and Allied Workers' Union 
who has been in Sweden for 
the past two weeks, was 
arrested when he alighted 
from the plane on his return to 
South Africa, two independent 
reports said. 

about the conduct 
police and army. 

According to the Bureau, 
the police shot dead four ANC 
insurgents in a skirmish near 
the Botswana border. The four 
alleged ANC men were report- 
ed to have lobbed band- 
grenades at police when their 
truck was stopped at a road- 
biotic. A policeman was in- 
jured by shrapneL 

In outer incidents, foe po- 
lice shot (toad two black men 
in petrol bomb attacks " on 
police vehicles near Worcester 
inthe Western Cape and Port 
Elizabeth in foe Eastern Cape, 

. It attributed foe re maining 
seven deaths to ‘black-on- 
black violence 4 . Two men 
were found stoned to death m 
Soweto, two with their throats 
cut in foe Crossroads squatter 
camp outride Cape Town, and 
three burned to death in the 
KwaNdebele tribal “home- 
land” north-east of Pretoria. 

The Bureau did not give any 
details about the circum- 
stances. KwaNdebele has been 
in turmoil rince foe turn of foe 
year because ofPrctoria's plan 
to grant the homeland 
“independence” in December, 
thereby stripping its inhabit- 
ants of any legal on 
political rights in South 

In Crossroads, there have 
been sporadic outbreaks of 
savage internecine warfare 
over foe past month and a 
bait provoked in large part by 
foe Government's decision to 
raze the camp and resettle 
most of its inhabitants. 

The Minister of Law and 
Order, Mr Louis Le Grange, 
confirmed az tbe weekend that 
Mr Zwdakhe Sisulu, the edi- 
tor of the weekly New Nation 
newspaper, had been detained 
last Friday. Mr Sisulu is foe 
son „of Mr Walter Sisulu, a 
senior figure in foe ANC, who 
has. been in prison with Mr 
Mandela for more than 20 

On Saturday, his wife, 
Zodwa. alleged that four 
armed white men. two of them 
wearing balaclavas,, broke into 
their house in foe early hours 
of Friday, and told her hus- 
band: “Pack some clothes, but 
not for a holiday in Mau- 

The men then drove away- 
with her husband, shouting' 
“that I would see him again 
next year”, Mrs Sisulu said. 

Late on Saturday night, Mr 
Le Grange at last acknowl- 
edged that Mr Sisulu was in 
detention, describing his 
wife's account of her hus- 
band's arrest as “exaggerated" 
and designed to “discredit the 

The Labouring Monitoring 
Group, an independent body, 
estimated at the weekend that 
920 trade unionists were in 
detention, including 183 shop 
stewards and officials de- 
tained individually and about 
740 workers detained en mas- 
se while on strike. 

Cossiga to 
hold talks 
on Rome 

From Peter Nichols 

President Cossiga begins 
two-day round of consulta- 
tions tonight with political 
leaders in an attempt to fill foe 
political void left by Friday 
night’s resignation of Signor 
Bettino Craxf s Government 
The President's riow-mo- 
lion approach is indicative of 
foe difficulties left by foe fall 
of the coalition, whidi lasted 
nearly three years. It collapsed 
after a series of defeats in 
Parliament beca use of increas- 
ing tension between its two 
main components — Signor 
Craxf s Socialist Party and the 
Christian Democrats. 

The weekend brought no 
respite in the recriminations 
between the parties, which 
remain foe joint foundation of 
any lasting governmental 

President Cossiga will prob- 
ably leave his decision on who 
he should call to try and lead a 
government until Wednesday 
or Thursday. He believes he 
should let Signor Craxi make 
the first attemptBut Signor 
Craxf s conditions will be 
high. He would want a free 
hand in choosing his alliances 
and ministers, while keeping 
the prime ministership. 

If his conditions are not 
met, and he is unable to form a 
new coalition in foe wayifoat 
he wants, he might open foe 
board for a minority Christian 
Democrat administration un- 
til foe finance Bill is approved 
and then review the situation 
in January. 

The Christian Democrats, 
however, are making bad- 
tempered noises about Signor 
Craxi’s intentions, because 
they say he is obliged by a 
gentlemen's agreement to 
Band over the prime minister- 
ship to them well before foe 
first Parliament comes to an 
end in two years' time. Signor 
Craxi denies that any such 
agreement exists. 



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EEC confusion hits Howe’s mission 

■' ? 

FYom Richard Owen 

The EECs impending dia- 
logue with Pretoria ran into 
immediate trouble at the 
weekend as officials expressed 
dismay about the confusion 
surrounding foe decision by 
The Hague summit to delay 
sanctions against South Africa 
for three months while the 
dialogue is conducted. 

Tte decision to review sanc- 
tions again tty September 
could deepen differences and 
some diplomats fear tbe con- 
troversy wifl be reopened in 
an even more damaging form. 

’ “The best hope is that either 
Sir Geoffrey Howe’s mission 
will succeed, or that events in 
the next few months will alter 
the pictnre for foe better and 
make a decision on sanctions 
unnecessary,” one EEC diplo- 
mat said. “But I don’t holdout 
much hope on either front”. 

The ambiguity lies not in 
foe agreed statement, but rath- 
er in the verbal understand- 
ings surrounding it. 

Tbe Dutch Prune Minister, 
Mr Rural Lubbers, who hands 

over the presidency of foe 
EEC Council of Ministers to 
Britain tomorrow, thought he 
had secured an undertaking 
from Britain and West Ger- 
many — the two countries 
most strongly opposed to 
sanctions — that they would 
refrain from blocking sanc- 
tions if Sir Geoffrey’s attempt 
to create foe conditions lead- 
ing to the end of apartheid 

But the communique says 
the EEC “might” have to lake 
sanctions by banning tbe im- 
port of South African coal. 

not thought there was a dear 
commitment from Mrs 
Thatcher and Herr Kohl to 
sanctions in three months' 

Portugal, which has 600,000 
of its nationals in South 
Africa, supported Britain and 
Germany. But France, Italy 
and Spain took a cautious 
position, and diplomats said 
they would have come off foe 
fence if Britain and Germany 
had not been so adamantly 
against sanctions. 

Mrs Thatcher argued at the 
summit that sanctions would 

steel and gold coins and benefit the Soviet Union, the 
forbidding new investment. world's alternative supplier of 
Mrs Thatcher and Chancel- minerals and metals, and 
lor Kohl insist that even these- would endanger the 120,000 
relatively mild sanctions are British jobs dependent on 

far from automatic, and that 
“might 1 ” means what it toys. 

The countries Much went to 
Tbe Hague determined to ob- 
tain a decision on sanctions 
-indoded Ireland, Greece, 
Denmark and The 

Dr Garret FitzGerald, the 
Irish Prime Minister, said he 
would not have agreed to 
delayed sanctions if be had 

trade' with South Africa. But 
Mis Thatcher also underlined 
the risk of retialatory action by 
Pretoria against Europe. 

Officials said foe British 
presidency would get off to an 
' impressive start it Sir Geof- 
frey was able to fulfil the 
■ mission given to him by The 
Hague summit. - 

But there was.' an equal 
danger that if he failed foe 

European public would be- 
come further disillusioned 
with foe EECs ability to reach 
a concensus on foreign policy, 
despite new machinery for 
foreign policy co-ordination 
contained in foe recent pack- 
age of EEC reforms now being 
ratified by EEC parliaments. 

The Howe mission has al- 
ready been dismissed by offi- 
cials of foe African National 
Congress who attended The 
Hague summit as observers. 

They said that although foe 
South African authorities 
could not be prevented from 
“opening foe prison door” of 
Mr Nelson Mandela, foe im- 
prisoned ANC leader, no oth- 
er “authentic black leader” 
would receive Sir Geoffrey. 

The next EEC foreign min- 
ister's meeting is scheduled for 
the July 21 in Brussels, when 
diplomats said Sir Geoffrey 
would find himself in foe 
difficult position of having at 
foe same time to report back 
to foe Foreign Ministers on his 
trip to Southern Africa and to 
co-ordinate foe next move by 
tbe EEC in his position 


Eye for an 
eye as Iran 
sees justice 
carried out 

By Hazhir Teimourian 

An Iranian woman who was 
Minded in both eyes by her 
jealous husband, and who was 
given permission by an Islamic 
court to inflict foe same 
wounds in retaliation, has 
done so, according to the 
authorities, except that sbe 
blinded him in one eye only. 

Tbe authorities have also 
revealed font amputations 
stonings have been carried out 
on many convicted thieves and 

The news win disappoint 
those who had hoped that, 
with the passage of tone, 
Iran's revolution would 

The plight of the Mind 
woman was first reported out- 
side Iran in The Times in 
October 1984. 

Quoting the state-controlled 
press In Tehran, it was report- 
ed that foe punishment was 
expected to be televised and 
that Mrs Maryam Zavarei, 
aged 22, had chosen a pair of 
scissors as her instrument. 

It was also reported that her 
husband, Mr Taghi Zavarei, 
aged 24, who was alleged to 
have removed her eyes with a 
knife while aided by two men 
in tbe desert outside Tehran, 
had appealed against the 
court's decision to Ayatollah 
Khomeini, but that the 
Ayatollah was unlikely to 

Nothing was then beard of 
tbe case and it was assumed 
tbe authorities had prevented 
tbe punishment from being 
carried out to save foe country 
from embarrassing publicity 

Now, however, Tehran’s 
general prosecutor, Hoja- 
toleslam Mir Ernadi, has told 
stole television that of the 73 
cases of physical retribution 
decided tty the courts, 23 had 
been carried out, including one 
case of stoning to death for 
adultery and six of amputa- 
tions of tbe fingers for theft, 
carried out with an electric 

The Hojatoleshun said it 
was useless to keep foe prac- 
tice secret for “foe enemies of 
Islam make propaganda 
against os in any case”. 

Regarding Mrs Zavarei, he 
said she bad decided to blind 
her husband in one eye only 
and had settled for financial 
compensation for the other of 
her eyes. He implied that the 
woman was not herself in- 
volved in the operation. 

The couple, who have three 
children, are again Irving 

Tbe press has also reported 
tire recent case of a convicted 
adulterer who was pardoned 
after wriggling out of a pit, 
where he was buried to the 
neck, while being stoned. Mr 
Amin Rahmati suffered 80 
hits before he was aide to 

A judicial spokesman later 
said that an adulterer who had 
confessed to his crime would 
be able to escape punishment 
to this way, but those who had 
not confessed would be stoned 

A moment of tension three floors up as police officers lunge 
to seize a young woman as she slips from a ledge of a build- 
ing in East Boston, Massachusetts. The unnamed woman, 
below, is hauled bate to safety through a window by rescuers 
balancing perilously on foe outside of the building. 


Peru leftists begin 
revenge bombings 

Lima (Reuter) — Left-wing 
guerrillas, apparently bent on 
a revenge campaign against 
foe Peruvian Government, 
bombed a police station and 
three offices of the ruling 
party, police said yesterday. 
They said rebels hurled dyna- 
mite at a Republican Guard 
police outpost in foe Lurigas- 
cho district on Saturday night. 

The police station was near 
the prison where foe Govern- 
ment says security forces kill- 
ed 1 24 accused Sendero Lum- 
inoso (Shining Path) guerrilla 
inmates while crushing a mu- 
tiny last week. 

President Garcia last week 
accused the Republican 
Guard of executing Sendero 
inmates at the Lurigancho 
prison by shooting them in the 
head after they had been 
dragged out of foeir cell block. 

Sendero has warned it will 
retaliate for tbe crushing of the 
mutinies it led at Lurigancho 
and two other Lima area 
prisons, where government 
officials say 156 inmates died. 

Sendero has also warned it 
will kill 10 members of the 
ruling Social Democratic Am- 
erican Popular Revolutionary 
Alliance (Apra) for every dead 
Sendero inmate. 

Rebels set ablaze a super- 
market and bombed two pri- 
vate banks last night, police 

Nearly 8,000 people have 
been killed and Si billion 
(£666 million) in damage has 
been caused in Sendero's six- 
year insurgency. 

• BONN: The former West 
German Chancellor. Hen- 
Willy Brandt, who relumed 
from a visit to Peru last week, 
has warned of the imminent 
danger of a coup there, a 
spokesman for Herr Brandt's 
Social Democrats (SPD) said 
(Reuter reports). 

Hen- Wolfgang Clement 
said Herr Brandt, the chair- 
man of the Socialist Interna- 
tional, told a meeting of the 
SPD executive in Munich on 
Saturday that left-wing guer- 
rilla violence was helping pave 
the way for a takeover by 
forces opposed to President 
Garcia's moves towards de- 
mocracy and social reform. 

Herr Brandt, who is also 
chairman of the SPD, was in 
Lima for a meeting of the 
Socialist International. 

Herc Brandt said the guerril- 
la violence was aimed at 
undermining President Garcia 
and his Government. 

Lucky stars 
lose shine for 
600 winners 

Macao (Reuter) — More 
than 600 people rushed hope- 
fully to foe Instant Lottery 
headquarters here yesterday 
thinking they had won foe first 
prize only to find that their 
lucky stars were a printer’s 

In foe Instant Lottery a 
purchaser scratches away the 
covering of six out of 40 
boxes. Six stars win foe first 

£ 823 L°f (about 

Lottery officials in this Por- 
tuguese-run territory paid out 
some winners before realising 
there was obviously a misprint 
— only one ticket in tens of 
thousands is supposed to win. 

They smd they were speak- 
ing to their British printers 
and insurance companies. 

Death threats 
to Catholic 
social workers 

San Salvador (Renter) - 
Five social workers in El 
Salvador's Roman Catholic 
Church have received anony- 
mous death threats recently 
which appear related to their 
humanitarian work la tbe 

In bis weekly Sunday homi- 
ly, Archbishop Arturo Rivera 
y Damas referred to threats 
against several church hu- 
manitarian-aid workers and 
appealed to all political fac- 
tions to respect their 

Tbe chorch has recently 
served as a mediator between 
the Government and left-wing 
Insurgents in hopes of aiding 
the six-and-a-half year old 
civil war. 

in drug 

Harare (AFP) — A 
popuIarZimbabwean football- 
er was kidnapped drugged 
and tortured for eight days by 
air force colleagues angry’ that 
he had signed for a civilian 
team, foe Sunday Mail 

Elisha Banda, an air force 
technician and a striker for 
Cone Textiles, was found 
bound and gagged on scrub- 
land outside Harare suffering 
from multiple knife wounds. 
He was admitted to a Harare 

His lawyers are seeking his 
release from the air force and a 
court order preventing foe Air 
Force from interfering with 
his football career. 

Women lured 
by promises 

Karachi (AFP) - About 130 
Sri Lankan women, lured by 
Sri Lankan racketeers with the 
promise of lucrative jobs in 
Pakistan, were stranded here 
awaiting repatriation, police 

Twenty-five have been 
charged with involvement in 
prostitution, aloug with three 
suspected pimps. 

Senator dead 

Washington — Senator John 
East, aged 55, a North Caroli- 
na Republican, was found 
dead in his car at his home 
yesterday after apparently 
committing suicide. 

Boat ambush 

Dhaka (AFP) — Tribal guer- 
rillas ambushed a river boat 
and shot six people dead near 
Bhaghachari in the south- 
eastern Chittagong Hill Tracts 
| region. 

Koala dies 

Nagoyajapan (AFP) — 
Moku Moku, a six-year-old 
koala, died at a zoo here 
yesterday of acute pneumonia 
which zoo officials said was 
brought on by stress after 
fights with a rival male over a 
female koala. 

Jobs threat 

Kampala (Reuter) - Ugan- 
da Airlines will lay off 40 per 
cent of its 1,100-strong 
workforce as pan of a pro- 
gramme to bring the ailing 
company back into profit 

Four held 

Peking (AFP) — Police have 
arrested four Chinese men 
working for Taiwan as mili- 
tary intelligence agents, ac- 
cording to foe People’s Daily . 

Fire arrests 

Faro, Portugal I Reuter) — 
Two people have been de- 
tained Jn Portugal on suspi- 
cion of starting a forest fire in 
the Algarve tourist area that 
damaged farms and destroyed 
woods and scrubland. 

Train in ditch 

Dhaka — More than 100 
people were wounded, 25 of 
them seriouslv as a train 
carrying over 550 passengers 
rolled off the tracks and fell 
into a flooded ditch at a village 
station about 35 miles east of 

Worms’ turn 

Moscow (Reuter) - Soviet 
scientists believe they may be 
able to predict earthquakes by 
studying foe behaviour of 
snakes, worms and other ani- 
mals that respond to geomag- 
netic vibrations. 

Second chance 

Houston (Reuter) — More 
than 6.500 teachers in Texas 
who failed a state-wide com- 
petency examination in 
March got a second chance at 
the weekend, retaking a test to 
decide if they will be allowed 
to continue teaching in the 

‘Spider’ jailed 

Tokyo (UPI) — A Harvard- 
educated American gold deal- 
er nicknamed the 
“Spiderman" was jailed for six 
years for a series of burglaries. 

BLUE RIBAND for Britain, from Esso who supplied the fuel and lubricants 


ry>< cr B affnft'o nroq* 5SC2.S I 



Thankfully Dr. Borel was a much better^VHHMjjgMi 
doctor than he was a cocktail mixer. 

His most famous concoction was in fact 
mixture of pure alcohol, detergent, water and a t B b h H 
medicine which his research team had discovered 
called Cyclosporin. 

A mixture he threw down with alarming abandon.* 

Needless to say this potion made him rather dizzy 
but a blood sample taken some time later made him smile 
for quite another reason. 

For he had proven that Cyclosporin could be 
absorbed by the human body Something which previous 
tests with less interesting cocktails had failed to do. 

This new medicine (now reformulated] has since 
helped save the lives of thousands of people who have 
received organ transplants by dramatically reducing the 
risk of rejection. Together with improved medical and 
surgical techniques it’s made transplant surgery a highly 
successful method of treating life threatening illnesses, 
such as kidney failure. 

But better control of rejection is only one example of 
the ways pharmaceutical research has helped to make 
transplant surgery a successful reality 

Anaesthetics, antibiotics and medicines for control- 
ling virus and fungal infections also play an important part, 
although new medicines and surgical skills are still not the 
only vital ingredients. 

In Britain last year, well over 1,000 of those Jjfl 
waiting for a kidney transplant were unable to have 
one.The reason for this was a shortage of donor 
organs. ™ 

If the pharmaceutical industry .is going to carry the 
responsibility of research, the least you can do is carry a 
donor card. 

To find out more about the British Pharmaceutical 
Industry please write to: Dr. John Griffin, The ABPI, 12 
Whitehall, London SW1A 2DY a 


5, Karl 

rj. .... 

77' \ 


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,Jst0 P rad 

Tlie Association of the 




J aruzelski declares new amnesty 

From Roger Boves — •/ 

From Roger Boves 

General Wojciech Jaru- 
zelski. the Polish leader, de- 
claring the Solidarity oppo- 
sition to be a spent force, 
promised a new amnesty yes- 
terday for some of the 
country's 300 political pris- 

The general was addressing 
the full congress of the Polish 
Communist Party, the first 
since the Solidarity era. 

The Iasi congress in July 
1981 was squeezed between 
Soviet, criticism that the Pol- 
ish communists were soft on 
socialism, and Solidarity pres- 
sure for rapid democratic 

This time Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
sits on the red plush rostrum 
in Warsaw, apparently ap- 
proving General Jaruzelski's 
blend of economic self-criti- 
cism. attacks on Solidarity 
and his confidence that some 
kind of soda] peace has been 
achieved io Poland. 

“The extremists have been 
totally defeated because they 
have lost social support,” said 
the general in a five-hour 

“A majority of former Soli- 
darity members are now ac- 
tive in the new trade unions, 
the Sqm (Parliament}, we 
even have some of them here 
today in ibis congress hall.” 

The calm in the nation, said 
the general, made it possible 
to consider a new political 
amnesty. For the past few 
months the Polish police have 

Mr Gorbachov sitting with 

been rounding up scores of 
underground activists and dis- 
sidents estimate that the toll of 
political prisoners — most of 
them in pre-trial arrests — 
have grown from about 200 in 
the New Year to well over 300. 

Even under the new amnes- 
ty. some of the leading prison- 
ers — such as Mr Zbigniew 
Bujak, the underground Soli- 
darity leader — will stay 

“In a situation when the 

General Jarazelski yesterday at the congress In 'Warsaw. 

idea of accord has become so 
broad and with the increasing 
social isolation of anti-social- 
ist groups, the Central Com- 
mittee is inclined to accept an 
easing of penal measures 
against the perpetrators of 
certain political offences in 
order to give those people 
another chance,” said General 

The amnesty will also in- 
clude some common crimi- 
nals and will probably be 

Portugal’s Socialists decide 

Constancio voted 
in, Karl Marx out 

From Martha de la Cal, Lisbon 

to .modernize and t»V» on a 
new image and decentralize 
power within its leadership. 

There was almost no dissen- 
sion at the conference. New 
statutes were approved almost 
unanimously. Posts within the 
party were redefined — its 
major governing body wOl be a 
secretariat in which there will 
he a sharing of power. Previ- 
ously Dr Soares had retained 
most of the power himself. 

A commission was named to 
ran the finances, and the 
largely ineffectual Organiza- 
tion of Socialist Women was 

But a woman — Senhora 
Elisa Damian, a union leader 
from the Usnave shipyard — 
was elected to titoSeaetariatl 

Democratic socialism rather 
than Marxism is the party's 
declared goaL It stands for 
social justice m a western 
mould and for European 

According to the new decla- 
ration, die Socialists want 
“open economy where private, 
public and social institutions 
can co-exist”. They “reject 
both collectivist ami liberal 
types of society”. 

formally announced on July 
22. Polish National Day. 

The Gorbachov style was 
most evident in the general's 
references to the Polish 

Poland, he said, had entered 
a new -stage: the main goal was 
no longer to win political 
agreement but rather to fight 
on the socio-economic front. 
That meant better implemen- 
tation of economic reforms 
and the boost in productivity. 

The general criticized: 

• The some 40% of enter- 
prises which had not linked 
increased pay with better 

• Dishonest private business- 
men and speculators: 

• Bureaucrats who blocked 
innovation and discouraged 
new inventors: 

• The reluctance of Polish 
managers to accept individual 

• Too little initiative in for- 
eign trade. 

The reference to private 
businessmen was a bone 
thrown to Marxist hardliners 
who form a small but signifi- 
cant portion of the approxi- 
mately 1,700 delegates gather- 
ed in Warsaw's lowering 
Palace of Culture. 

• Demonstration dispersed: 
Polish riot police yesterday 
dispersed a few thousand Soli- 
darity demonstrators who 
spilled out of the city cathe- 
dral in Poznan, chanting anti- 
government slogans. 

The crowd had earlier lis- 
tened to a homily by Cardinal 
Jozef Glemp, the Polish Pri- 
mate. marking the 30th anni- 
versary of the shooting of a 
lew dozen Poznan workers in 
“bread and freedom” riots in 

On Saturday, three promi- 
nent Solidarity activists were 
interrogated in Warsaw and 
Gdansk — Mr Lech Walesa, 
the former Solidarity leader, 
and advisers, Mr Jacek Kuron 
and Mr Janusz Onyskiewicz. 

Party paralysis, page 16 

goes for 

Belgrade (AFP) — Yugoslav 
Communist officials have 
elected a new, more youthful 
Central Committee, but have 
stuck to current policies rather 
than vote for economic 

The Central Committee has 
165 seats, 127 of which were 
filled by new officials, most of 
them under the age of 40. 

Delegates at the congress of 
the Communist League also 
elected on Saturday a new 23- 
member Praesidimn to head 
the League, a new Praesidhun 
leader, Mr Milanko Remmca, 
who replaces Mr Vidoje 
Zarkovjc, and a new secretary, 
Mr Radisa Gacic. 

The delegates, ignoring 
calls from the population for 
economic reform, gave a clean 
bill of health to an economy 
suffering from three-digit in- 
flation, an overseas debt of $20 
bQllon (£13 billion) and 18 per 
cent tmempfoymeut. 

The delegates professed sat- 
isfaction with the policy of 
socialist self-government 
which the old guard perceives 
as the mainstay of Yugoslav 

The press is freer than in 
Tito's time and capitalists 
within the economy are toler- 
ated, ensuring to a large extent 
that people can buy what they 

Life may be easier 
for Soviet authors 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Hopes of a slight lessening 
in the ideological and bureau- 
cratic siraighijackei restrain- 
ing all forms of modem Soviet 
literature have been raised by 
the replacement alter 15 years 
of Mr Geoigy Markov, aged 
75. the staunchly orthodox 
chief of the influential Soviet 
Writers* Union. 

The new first secretary of 
the union is Mr Vladimir 
Karpov, an author of patriotic 
novels about the Second 
World War and editor-in-chief 
of the Moscow literary maga- 
zine. A'ovr Mir (Sew World). 

The widely-predicted re- 
moval of Mr Markov, who is 
in hospital recovering from a 
stroke he suffered while read- 
ing his hardline opening 
speech at the union's annual 
congress in the Kremlin, has 
been accompanied by hints 
that the Kremlin is reviewing 
ways of reducing the role of 
the slate censorship body, 
Glavlit, and extending more 
control over published materi- 
al to editors. 

The latest moves in the 
lightly-controlled Soviet cul- 
tural world come amidst 
growing expectations that the 
influence of President 
Gorbachov and his intel- 
lectual wife. Raisa, will lead to 
a lessening of rigid bureaucrat- 
ic control over the artistic 

Saturday's change at the lop 
of what is regarded as the 
country's most conservative 
artistic union followed last 
month's dramatic shake-up in 

its film-making counterpart, 
in which Mr Lev Kulidzhanov 
was replaced after 20 years by 
controversial director. Mr EI- 
em Klimov, some of whose 
films were banned for several 

Soviet sources said yester- 
day that Mr Karpov was un- 
likely to sanction any sweep- 
ing changes, as his agreement 
with the orthodox position 
favoured by Mr Markov had 
been signalled when he took 
over the reading of the key- 
note opening speech after Mr 
Markov collapsed and had to 
be carried from the halL 

Mr Karpov, aged 64, was 
denounced and imprisoned 
while a military cadet for 
speaking of a personality cult 
around Stalin. He took over 
the editorship of Novy Mir in 
19SI and achieved notoriety 
in Moscow literary circles two 
years ago when it published a 
biting and thinly-disguised 
satire about the most popular 
Soviet artist, Ilya Glazunov. 

But Soviet sources express- 
ed optimism that the outspo- 
ken nature of many of the 
speeches at the congress would 
be reflected in a relaxation of 
some of the bureaucratic and 
censorship procedures which 
have stifled much Soviet cre- 
ative output in recent years. 

One of the strongest attacks 
against the activities ofGlavlit 
came from Mr Mikhail Nena- 
shev. the new head of the state 
publishing committee and for- 
mer editor of the daily Sovets- 
kava Rossi va. 

The sixth congress of 
PortngaTs^odalist Party has 
elected economist Senhor Vfe- 
or Constancio. aged 42, as its 
new leader and far struck afl 
references to Marxism and 
Karl Marx from its Declara- 
tion of Principles. 

Senhor Constancio succeeds 
Dr Mario Soares, who was 
elected President in February. 
The choice was no surprise — 
more than 80 per cent of 
delegates had already declared 
their intention to vote for 
Senhor Constancio rather 
than Senhor Jaime Gama, the 
former Socialist Foreign Min- 
ister, who had long been con- 
sidered the protege of Dr 
Soares and his choice to suc- 
ceed him. 

Senh or Gama said be would 
lead a “constructive minority 
within the party”. Both men 
said their main goal would be 
to make the Socialists once 
more the majority party In the 
country — a position it occu- 
pied until last October's par- 
fiameatary election when it 
lost 10 per cent of its votes to 
the newly-formed Democratic 
Renewal Party of former Pres- 
ident Ernies. 

The intention of the party is 

Doth take oat onenew 

your home contents insurance 

until youVe rung this number 

Soviet drivers 
stumble over 
Swedish laws 

Stockholm — Sweden's rela- 
tions with die Soviet Union 
took a turn for the worse at the 
weekend when an apparently 
badly intoxicated senior Soviet 
diplomat in Stockholm drove 
his car off a motorway (Chris- 
topher Mosey writes). 

A second Soviet diplomat 
stopped to help the driver and 
his three passengers. 

Swedish police, famed for 
their severity when it comes to 
drunken driving, asked the 
Russians to take breathalyser 
tests. The men refused, claim- 
ing diplomatic humanity. 

The Swedish Forest Min- 
istry has called for a fall 

Afghan envoy 
in Karachi 

Islamabad (UPI) — The 
chief of the Afghan Consulate 
in Karachi is believed to have 
defected to some unknown 
Western country with bis wife 
and daughter. The Muslim 
newspaper reported yesterday. 

The Islamabad-published 
newspaper said Baz Moham- 
mad, in bis thirties, had' fled 
with a “wealth of precious 
information” about the Soviet 
and Afghan intelligence activi- 
ties in Pakistan, the 
per said, quoting trnic 

There was no independent 
confirmation from tire Paki- 
stani Government 

Chernobyl aftermath 

Russians still working 
to stop radiation spread 

Moscow (AFP-AP) — Soviet 
authorities are stepping up 
efforts to prevent a further 
spread of radiation from the 
debris around the Chernobyl 
nuclear reactor, Pravda re- 
ported yesterday. 

The official party newspa- 
per released details of the 
work being carried out to seal 
the No. 4 reactor, and said 
special squadrons of Antonov- 
12 Cyclone aircraft had been 
sent on cloud-busting mis- 
sions in an 18-mile radius 
above the plant for a week 
after the April 26 disaster to 
prevent rain that might have 
washed radioactive dust into 
water sources. 

Pravda said 92,000 people 

had been evacuated from the 

Chernobyl area, and teams of 
experts had been working 
around the dock for the past 
two months to stop radioac- 
tivity spreading through the 
sub-soil and atmosphere. 

The strickra reactor is now 
encased in 5,000 tonnes of 
lead, sand and other material 
to prevent further leaks. 

Most of the decontamina- 
tion work was finished by the 
beginning of June, but nearby 
woods were regularly being 
doused with chemicalsand the 

soil was being ploughed and 
treated, it said. 

The death toll from the 
accident stands at 26. with 
most of those killed bein 
firemen who fought the initu 

Meanwhile, the Soviet eco- 
nomic journal Ekonomic- 
heskdya Gazeta yesterday 
called on the Vienna-based 
International Atomic Energy 
Agency (IAEA) to set up a 
warning system and rapid 
information exchange to deal 
with breakdowns or malfunc-] 
lions in nuclear energy plants. 

• BONN: West German po- 1 
lice have defused two crude I 
bombs strapped to a pair of j 
high-tension poles near a 
nuclear power plant in 

, Bavarian police said a note | 
was found at the site, about 2 
miles from the Gundrem- 
mingen midear power plant! 
near Guenzbuig. claiming re^ 
sponsibiliry on behalf of the 
“Edelweiss Pirates" and de-i 
mandipg an immediate shut- 
down of afl atomic power- 

• RENNES: Growing public 
concern about nuclear safety 
has blocked plans to build a 
major nuclear Teacior in Brit- 

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Madrid looks at Syria 
link in search for 
Palestine terror squad 



?? tsi 

Spanish authorities yester- 
day were closely examining an 
apparent connection between 
Syria and the bomb that 
injured 13 people at the 
Madrid airport on Thursday. 

At the same time, police 
were searching for members of 
a Palestinian terrorist squad 
operating in Madrid. 

Its existence was revealed 
on -Saturday in a nationwide 
television interview by an 
Interior Ministry official. 

Police alleged that a Pales- 
tinian arrested last Friday in 
the capital in relation to the 
blast, Mr Nasser Hassan El 
Ali, is a lieutenant of A1 Fatah 
Uprising, the Palestinian ex- 
tremist group under the lead- 
ership of Mr Abu Musa. 

It is a splinter group of A1 
Fatah, based in Damascus 
with camps in the Bekah 
Valley, ft is believed to be 
financed by Syria. 

Police claim that before 
coming to Madrid, Mr Hassan 
E3 Ali went to Paris to carry 
out an attack on an El A1 
plane. . 

• JERUSALEM^ Mr Yitzhak 
Rabin, tbe Israeli Defence 
Minister has indirectly ac- 
cused Syria of responsibility 
for the bombing of the El AJ 
check-in desk in Madrid, the 
independent daily Haaretz 

From .Hairy DebeUus, Madrid 

that if Syria had wanted to 
prevent Abu Musa horn carry- 
ing out this operation, it could 
have done so. Syria provides 
coyer for the operations of the 
Abu Musa organization.’" Mr 
Rabin was quoted as .saying. 

He added: “Syria is the 

Sparta of the Middle East 

it practises tb.e politics of tbe 
cannon to the detriment of 
everybody, despite hs serious 
economic situation." 

Mr Rabin, who has previ- 
ously levelled similar accusa- 
tions against Syria, also 
warned Damascus against any 
attempt to launch a surprise 
attack on Israel. 

According to the Interior 
Ministry, the suspected terror- 
ist paid a Spaniard with a 
criminal record, Mr loaiac 
Manuel Jalafe, SI, 000 (£670) 
to carry a briefcase on an 0 Al 
flight bound from Madrid to 
Tel Aviv, tailing him ft con- • 
tained illegal drugs. 

The briefcase bomb went, 
off prematurely at the check- 
in counter of the Israeli airline 
in the international departures 
hall of the Madrid airport 
about a half hour before the 
flight was scheduled to take 

said .(AFP-reporte). 

“I can say with certainty 

• Policeman killed: A mem- 
ber of the paramilitary Civil 
Guard police force was killed 
and 12 people wounded in 
four terrorist bomb attacks 

Inside the EEC: 1 

Thatcher, still the 
sceptic in Europe 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

Last December, when the 
British presidency of the 
Conned of Ministers was al- 
ready on the horizon. Lord 
GockfietiL the senior British 
Commissioner k Brussels, of- 
fered an impish view of Mrs 
Margin* Thatcher. 

Lord Cockfield has a dead- 
pan manner which sometimes 
makes ft difficult to know 
when he is jolting. Mrs 
Thatcher, be suggested, was 
so comktted a European that 
a giant stake of her should be 
erected on the cliffs of Dover, 
with a finger pointing to the 
Continent mid with die 
wonteThere iies our future” 
on (he pedestal 

Behind Lord * CockfiekTs 
jest ties the fact that Mrs 
Thatcher is seen in most of die 

Lord Cockfield: Impish 

EEC as a Eero-sceptic at best. 
. Britain's presidency, which 
begftts tomorrow, will show 
whether the British share any 
of the Euro-idealism of the 
Dutch, who held the presiden- 
cy for the first half of the year. 
Britain hopes to use its period 
in the chair to advance Mrs 
Thatcher's aims in stimulating 
enterprise in Europe and 
dashing the red tape winch 
encumbers business initiative. 

But what of the wider aims 
of the EEC? Part of the answer, 
is that Britain, whether ft likes 
it or not, is obliged to imple- 
ment recent modest EEC re- 
forms designed ultimately to 
lead to closer European inte- 
gration. The as sum pti on is 
that all EEC citizens will 
acquire a wider loyalty to 
Europe beyond narrow nation- 
al interests. 

Lord Cockfield, a key figure 

Britain takes over the 
cheap air fares fight 

From Our Own Correspondent 

EEC transport ministers 
meeting in Luxembourg will 
make a final effort today to 
reach agreement on cheaper 
air fores and the liberalization 
of European air transport 
before the EEC Commission 
carries out its threat to take 
airlines to court for “illegal 

Britain, which tomorrow 
takes over the presidency of 
the EEC Council of Ministers, 
is strongly in fevour ofliberal- 
ization. Other countries, how- 
ever, are resisting the US- 
styled deregulation. 

Mr John Moore, the British 
Minister of Transport who 
tomorrow becomes the chair- 
man of the EEC Transport 
Council for the next six 
months, will urge the Council 
to agree to moves towards 
deregulation even though the 
Commission has threatened to 
take legal action if airlines 
continue to violate the Treaty 
of Rome by operating price- 
fixing cartels. 

Bniain has been preparing 
its conduct of Council meet- 
ings for the past year and has 
seconded a senior Foreign 

Office official to Brussels to 
plan its approach to key issues 

Tbe air fores issue should 
have been settled 10 days ago, 
but Mrs NelieSmit-Kroes, the 
Dutch Transport Minister, ad- 
journed the deadlocked Tran- 
sport Council 

Two other crucial issues 
arise this week at the start of 
the British presidency — the 
impending trade war with 
Washington and the future of 
the EEC budget. 

Tomorrow Washington is 
to impose higher tariffs 
against EEC food exports in 
retaliation for what it sees as 
discrimination against Ameri- 
can form products in Europe. 
Officials said the Commission 
would respond with restric- 
tions on American wheat, rice 
and corn gluten feed, but 
would delay these sanctions 
for two weeks. 

Later thls.week the Europe- 
an Court is to rule on action 
taken by the Council of Minis- 
ters, with strong support from 
Britain, to have extra spend- 
ing voted by the European 
Parliament in the 1986 budget 
declared illegal. 

within six hours on Saturday 
in the Basque country, accord- 
ing to reports published here 
yesterday (Harry Debelius 

On the same day police 
claimed to have broken up 
two Basque terrorist squads, 
arresting three people. 

Two of the four bombs were 
booby-traps, set to attack po- 
licemen who came to the aid 
of their injured companions. 

The dead civil guard who 
was killed was part of a police 
unit whose van was hit on the 
same road where the second 
blast occurred, one hour later, 
as they were on their way to 

The first explosion demol- 
ished a National Police patrol 
car in the red light district of 
Bilbao, injuring four police- 
men and a passer-by. 

The second blast was near 
the northern coastal town of 
Zarauz, smashing into the side 
of a civil guard jeep and 
injuring one civil guard. 

One hour later, about 2’A 
miles away. The Third bomb 
went off on a curve on the 
same road, demolishing a 
Civil Guard van, killing one 
Civil Guard and injuring five 

The fourth bomb exploded 
within a few hundred yards of 
the same place, as police 
searched the area. 


- ^ 


The Italian tenor, Luciano Pavarotti, meeting Mr Hn Yaobang, the Chinese Communist Party general secretary, in Peking. 

Smith back to face split in his MPs 

. From Jan Raath 

The parliamentary caucus 
of the white opposition party 
of Mr lan Smith, The former 
Rhodesian Prime Minister, 
meets here on Wednesday to 
attempt to resolve a threat- 
ened split among its MPs. 

Zimbabwe's new parlia- 
mentary year opened on June 
24, and before it is out, the 
Conservative Alliance of Zim- 
babwe, the descendant of Mr 

Smith's Rhodesian From, 
may find entrenched white 
representation in Parliament 
extinct, and the one-party 
state a fail accompli . 

In April next year the seven- 
year immunity expires of 
clauses in the constitution 
guaranteeing the 20 white 
seats in the House of Assem- 
bly and freedom of political 
association. Amendments to 
The two provisions at the 
moment require the impossi- 

ble assent of afl 100 MPs. 
After April changes will need 
only 70 votes. 

When Parliament opened 
last week, the ruling Zanu (PF) 
party sat with 66 MPs. its 
strongest representation yet. 
Steady progress in unity talks 
between Zanu (PF) and Mr 
Joshua Nkomo's Zapu party, 
support from sidestream par- 
ties, and internal rifts within 
the Conservative Alliance 
seem certain to assure Mr 
Robert Mugabe, the Prime 

Minister, of the 70 he needs. 

Mr Smith returned last 
week from a trip to London 
and Vancouver and will chair 
the caucus meeting on Wed- 
nesday. During his absence, 
Mr Charles Duke crossed the 
floor to Zanu (PF). becoming 
the party’s first white MP. 

A week later party elders 
managed to dissuade another 
four young MPs from follow- 
ing Mr Duke, at least until Mr 
Smith returned. 

moves to 

From Charles Harrison 

Tbe Ugandan Government 
is taking over the Importation 
of essential commodities in a 
bid to bring down prices and 
end profiteering which has 
contributed to tbe country's 
inflation rate of more than 100 
per cent a year. 

President Yoweri Museveni, 
angered by what be regards as 
an organised attempt to frus- 
trate his Government's re- 
formist socialist policies, has 
accused traders of hoarding 
supplies in order to force 
prices op. 

Sugar recently imported on 
Government orders is sup- 
posed to sell at 1,200 shillings 
(£1.70) a kilogram, but has 
been fetching ten times that 
price on the black market. 
Beer, which is sold from the 
brewery at 1,200 shillings a 
bottle, costs up to four times 
that figure in central Kampala, 
five miles away. 

The Government's reaction 
has been to order a new 
distribution system for essen- 
tial items like sugar, with local 
village committees required to 
nominate their chosen traders. 

Bat there are problems in 
implementing, soda a novel 
system, which by-passes nor- 
mal commercial channels, and 
the result has been empty 

in tbe reform process, was 
appointed to Brussels by Mrs 
Thatcher as a fellow Euro- 
sceptic, but has since turned 
into an almost jhnatical Euro- 
vhdonary. He is die driving 
force behind die plan to com- 
plete the internal market — 
with no internal trade barriers 
and few frontier controls — by I 
1992, a target date written into ! 
die Treaty of Rome at the 
Lsxemboarg samnriL 

At Luxembourg EEC lead- 
ers — Mrs Thatcher included. 
— put their signatures to 
reforms in EEC decision mak- 
ing which go by the un gainly 
name of the Single European 

The Italians and otter en- 
thusiasts had wanted an act of 
European muon, which Britain 
resisted. But anti-Marketeevs 
believe the term “Single Act” 
nonetheless obscures the fact 
that as the EEC edges down 
the road to unity, national 
sovereignty is being gradually 
ceded from national parlia- 
ments to Brussels. 

Britain is committed to im- 
plementing die Luxembourg 
reforms during its presidency 
over the next six months. 

Recent reports in both the 
Commons and the Lords re- 
flect belated parliamentary 
anxiety about the Single Act 
Anti-Marketeers can hardly 
argue that the reforms 
which include majority voting 
in the Conndl of Ministers, 
increased powers for the Euro- 
pean Pa rliament and machin- 
ery for EEC foreign policy, hi 
the past often ineffective — 
have been introduced by 

But critics argue that lead- 
ers have begun a process 
which, win lead inexorably — 
since EEC law takes primacy 
over national law — to a store 
closely integrated Europe. 
Once the Single Act has been 
ratified by all EEC parlia- 
ments, tiie Twelve wifl have 
embarked on the road to an 
integrated Europe in which 
power increasingly rests with a- 
streamlined Council of Minis-, 
ters — in which Britain can be 1 
outvoted — and the bureaucra- 
cy- of the Commission in 

Tomorrow: The 


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Security alert 
at Sri Lanka 
naval base for 
guerrilla mines 

From Vijhba Yapa, Colombo 

The Karainagar naval base 
in northern Sri Lanka has 
been placed under a security 
alert after reports that trained 
frogmen belonging to Tamil 
separatist groups have arrived 
in the area, according to the 
Weekend newspaper. 

The Sunday paper said that 
the security forces have been 
tojd lo look out for attempts to 
mine marine installations by 
men trained in the Indian 
stale of Tamil Nadu in under 
water warfare. 

The paper also said that 
security authorities were con- 
cerned about the presence of 
unidentified aircraft over se- 
curity installations in the 
Northern Province. 

The report said that early 
this month, the aircraft had 
appeared four days in succes- 
sion and sometimes descend- 
ed to very low altitudes. 

Radar at Palaly Airport in 
JalTna had Hacked a plane on 
one occasion and had called it 
on radio but had received no 

The report said that sources 
added that the violations were 
by military aircraft and not 
civilian planes. 

The Weekend hinted that 
the planes were from India by 
saying that two months ago 
the Tamil Nadu Fisheries 
Minister had told the slate's 

jislalive Assembly that 
Delhi had instructed the Indi- 
an Air Force to patrol Indian 
airspace around the narrow 
Falk Straits which separates 
Sri Lanka from India. 

Meanwhile there are con- 
flicting reports as to who is 
responsible for the blasting of 
a bridge on the Paramhan- 
mullaiivu road in the North- 
ern Province, which was being 
used mainly by buses plying 
between Jaffna and Colombo. 

The Ministry of National 
Security says it was destroyed 
by Tamil guerrillas on Satur- 
day while sources in Jaffna 
said the bridge was destroyed 
by the security forces to ensure 
ihat all buses to and from 
Colombo pass through Killi- 
nochchi, where the army has a 
strong base and where spot 
checks could be carried out. 

• Deaths in dashes: At least 
10 people were killed on 
Saturday in separate clashes 
between, troops and Tamil 
guerrillas (Reuter reports). 

A military spokesman said 
two soldiers and a civilian 
driver died when a guerrilla 
landmine blasted a van in an 
army convoy at Kiiuloltuwa. 

The spokesman said seven 
guerrillas were killed and a 
soldier wounded in a battle 
with security forces in Jaffna 

Vote on 
Shin Bet 

From Ian Murray 

’ The Israeli Cabinet yester- 
day avoided taking a vote on 
whether to call for an inquiry 
into the country's counter- 
intelligence agency. Shin Bet 
Despite much sabre-rattling 
before the meeting by some 
Labour ministers, who threat- 
ened to bring down the coali- 
tion Government if no inquiry 
was agreed, the meeting 
readied no conclusion and the 
matter will be taken up again 
at a special Cabinet session 
later this week. 

By then the Knesset and the 
High Court of Justice wilt 
have had a chance to give their 
opinion on the question. To- 
day Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Prime Minister, will have to 
answer four no confidence' 
motions in the Knesset on his 
Government's handling of the 

At the same time the High 
Court is to hear three petitions 
calling for an inquiry and 
asking that presidential par- 
dons to Shin Bet agents in- 
volved should be quashed. 

The fact that no vote was 
taken at yesterday’s meeting 
shows that the Labour minis- 
ters who want an inquiry knew 
they were outnumbered. Mr 
Ya’acov Tsur, the Absorbtion 
Minister, insisted after the 
meeting that the campaign 
bad only just started. 

He said public opinion 
would eventually force the 
Government to order an in- 

Governor of 
Thai riot 
island sacked 

Bangkok (AFP) — The Gov- 
ernor of Phuket has been 
transferred out of the province 
after riots rocked the southern 
Thai island last week. 

The move came after com- 
munity leaders lud criticized 
Mr Sanong Rod pot hong for 
failing to fake adequate mea- 
sures fo cope with a riot at a 
controversial chemical plant 
East Monday. 

The Government imposed a 
slate of emergency after the 
riot, in which an estimated 
100.001) demonstrators set fire 
to the plant and damaged a 

Protesters were concerned 
that environmental pollution 
from the plant would harm the 
island's tourist industry. 

Media to be briefed 
on Hong Kong talks 

From David Bona via, Hong Kong 

Chinese and Hong Kong 
delegates met yesterday to 
discuss the reversion of sover- 
eignly over the British-ruled 
territory to China in 1997. 

The meeting in Shenzhen, 
the Chinese “special economic 
zone" adjacent to Hong Kong, 
was described as a session of 
the political sub-group of the 
joint basic law-drafting com- 
mittee working out arrange- 
ments for future political 

Hong Kong leaders have 
welcomed the Chinese agree- 
ment to brief reporters on the 
progress of the talks, which are 
understood to cover direct 
elections for legislative and 
executive bodies. 

Asked about the controver- 
sial nuclear power plant to be 
built at Daya Bay in China, 
dose to Hong Kong, a Chinese 
spokesman said China was 
just as concerned about safety 
measures as Hong Kong. 

Meanwhile talks are due 
today in Peking between Por- 
tuguese negotiators and Chi- 
nese officials on the future of 
Macao, a tiny Portuguese- 
ruled enclave on China's 
south coast. 

It is believed the settlement 
will be based on the Anglo- 
Chincse agreement over Hong 
Kong, which guarantees SO 
years of capitalism and a 
Western-style legal system af- 
ter 1997. 

The Japanese elections 

Squabbles along road to victory 

-. i 

From David Watts 
Wakayama, Japan ■ 

“He’s really playing dirty, 
but I can’t do that as the 
incumbent.** Mr Chikara Hi- 
gashi, a short dapper man ia 
an electric- blue soft, is waiting 
to address women workers at a 
snail factory managed by~a 

It is not opposition candi- 
dates be is worried about in 
this rural constituency, which 
looks like southern Italy with 
its endless groves of mandarin 
manges climbing the sides of 
every mountain and a ™*il 
fishing town nestling in each 

Mr Higashi's most serious 
challenge comes from a fellow 
forma 1 bureaucrat cutting his 
political teeth as an indepen- 
dent before getting the full 
endorsement of the ruling 
Liberal Democratic Party. 

The contest with opposition 
candidates in this second con- 
stituency of Wakayama is 
almost incidental to the inter- ' 
party confrontation within the 

The leading opposition par- 
ties are not running a suffi- 
cient number of candidates 
nationally to a win a majority 
in the Diet 

The interest in the election 
centres on the size of the ruling 
party's majority and its ability 
to control independently the 
Diet’s most important commit- 

On the national level, it is a 
contest between LDP factions 
within the party to increase 
their size and influence. Local- 
ly, it is a family battle between 
relatives and contacts of the 
‘two men who were both born In 
the constituency: Mr Higashi 
in Shingn, on one side of the 
Kii peninsula, and Mr Minoru 
Noda on the other. 

Mr Higashi is part of the 
faction w Erich supports Mr 

Mr Higashi in front of his campaign van, with the announcers who recite his virtues. 

Yasnhfro Nakasone, the Prime 
Minister. Mr Noda is a follow- 
er of the former Prune Minis- 
ter Mr Takeo Fnkuda, a 
deadly political enemy of Mr 

Both candidates previously 
worked . for the Ministry of 
finance and were launched on 
their political careers by a 
party elder who gave them the 
necessary hitrodnctions for 
their ministry jobs. Ninety- 
three LDP candidates are 
former bureaucrats this year. 

In Japanese politics, per- 
sonal affiliations like Mr 
Higashi's count more than 
almost anything else except 
money, and that is needed in 
huge amounts. The legal limit 
for total expenditure by all 
candidates for the election is 

lUlion yen 

Mr Higashi ran as an 
independent in the 1983 elec- 
tions with behind-the-scenes 
support from the LDP and 
beat an LDP incumbent for his 
seat Once he proved himself 
by winning die third of the 
constituency’s three seats he 
was officially endorsed by the 

In this election Mr Noda b 
hoping to repeat the process 
and the battle is well and truly 
joined with Mr Higashi. Nei- 
ther the Communists nor the 
Socialists entered a candidate 
last time and neither is expect- 
ed to do so this election in spite 
of the area's problems which, 
in other countries, would mean 
bad news for a ruling party. 
Not in Japan, whore none of 

the opposition can come dose 
to the formidable LDP ma- 
chine and its power to dispense 
projects and cash. 

Wakayama’s difficulties are 
those of agricultural areas 
elsewhere bat with some spe- 
cial Japanese- twists: young 
people are leaving for Osaka 
and Wakayama City, the pro- 
vincial capital: the costs of 
growing mandarins and over- 
production, coupled with the 
prospect of cheaper imports 
from the United States under- 
mining the whole industry, 
make the fruit's future bleak. 

Import controls on o3 make 
Wakayama's energy costs un- 
necessarily high. A litre of 
petrol costs 120 yen (47p) in 
Osaka and 145 yen(57p) here. 
It would be cheaper to import 

ready-refined petrol frw® Sin- 
gapore or Malaysia. Oil firms 
are allowed to import only > 
per cent of their refining 
capacity as finished products' 
from abroad. 

The refinery in Arna is 
■m»«ii and 5 per cent makes 
little impact on local prices. 

Locate are m favour of liberal- 
ized petroleum Imports bnt not 
of freer imports of mandarins' ,. 
from the US- • * 

Mr Higashi has already 

undertaken one successful ne- 
gotiating mission to the US for 
the Government, seeking to 
hold the lid on American 
imports. Mr Noda is using 
that against him. The nriSSKHX 
was a failure, Mr Noda tells 
voters, and was an example of 
bow Mr Higashi is more 
interested in inter n a ti o n al af- 
fairs than local issues. 

Indeed, Mr Higashi makes 
great play of bis international 
connections. He constantly 
drops big political names fur 
the lady factory workers who 
seem unmoved until he telb 
th«™ that he shook hands 
three times with the Princess 
of Wales and they are all more 
attractive than she. Indeed, 
they are — as voters. 

Mr Higashi is baring a 
rather quiet day. The crowds 
are small in Arita. which is Mr 
Noda’s territory, and he has to 
work hard for every vote, 
greeting voters with white- 
gloved hands, symbolic of 
“dean hands and a pare 

“That’s really dirty tactics 
to claim that I don’t pay 
attention to local issues. I can 
claim that I’m in a position to 
negotiate internationally on 
problems which are local ones •£ 
in Wakayama,” he says. 

The voters show no great 
emotion one way or the other. 
Whether or not Mr Higashi' 
wins, the post-election Gov- 
ernment will still be LDP. 

Party success boosts Gandhi 

Delhi (Reuter) — Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi's flagging political for- 
tunes have been boosted by 
successes scored by his Con- 
gress (I) party in elections to 
India's upper house. 

The pany won all 30 seats it 
contested yesterday, including 
one in Punjab where it fought 
off a stiff challenge from Sikh 

The 15 other seats at stake 
in the upper house, whose 
members are elected by 
India's state assemblies, were 
split between seven other 
national or regional parties. 

Congress (I) maintained its 

total of 1 52 seats in the 244- 
seat Rajya Sabha despite fears 
that growing dissidence within 
the party might lead to covert 
support for opposition can- 

In the last partial upper 
house elections three montiis 
ago. Congress (I) won only 
five of 12 seats it contested. 
The setback followed a string 
of by-election losses. 

The party won a record 
four-fifths majority in the 
lower house, the Lok Sabha. in 
general elections in December 
1984, but opposition groups 

rule nine of the country’s 22 

• Punjab: Anger rose in 
Purtiab yesterday after securi- 
ty forces hunting extremists 
raided a Sikh shrine and 
.militant Hindus pressed 
ahead with a call for a protest 

The moderate Sikh Temples 
Management ' Committee 
voiced a strong protest at the 
“manhandling” and detention 
of 17 Sikhs after police and 
paramilitary troops raided a 
prominent shrine in Tam 
Taran town. 15 miles from 

Dhaka tax protest on 
tough budget plan 

Dhaka — Thousands of 
people with black protest ban- 
ners streamed into the streets 
of Dhaka in monsoon rains at 
the weekend to demonstrate 
against new taxes and rising 
costs of living (Ahmed Fazl 

The protest came as the 
Bangladesh military Govern- 
ment unveiled tough budget 
prosposals for fiscal year 
1986-37, asking people to 
prepare for austerity. 

Mr M. Syeduzzaman, chief 
of the Finance Ministry, said 

yesterday that the new budget 
should be seen as the begin- 
ning of a “phase of develop- 
ment social justice and self- 
reliance” during which the 
people already facing high; 
consumer prices should be- 
pre pared to make sacrifices. ; 

The budget which called for. 
spending of about 92.5 billion- 
taka (about £2 billion) came a? 
prices of consumer goods went 
up officially by 10 per cent in 
two months and exports con- 
tinued to decline. 



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Fourteen years and no passes 

It started in the 1 970s 

- and it hasn’t finished 

yet — but there is 

“ more to Mastermind 

than viewers saw in 

last night’s final. 

Bryan Appleyard 

peers behind that 

infamous spotlight 

Magnus Magnusson rises 10 his feet 
in an echoing McEwan Hall at the 
University of' Edinburgh- “And now 
the man who has done so much to 
ruin the BBC since he took over - 
Mr Michael Gradef* The five 
Mastermind contestants giggle and 
there are some sniggers from the 
technicians who lurk in the pools of 
darkness between the lighting 


The Mag — as he is universally 
known - is bearing aloft an empty 
earthenware pate dish which he 
pretends, for the moment, is made 
of Caithness glass. He presents it to 
John Gilpin, the stage manager. His 
job is to play the Controller of BBC 
I - the real Grade is later to present 
the real glass bowl to the real 
winner. Gilpin says: “Great plea- 
sure. blah, blah. blah. Caithness, 
blah, blah, blah." He then unloads 
the dish on a contestant who. in 
turn, sits in the famous chair, the 
dish perched on her lap. 

The rehearsal of the presentation 
is repeated five times over, once for 
each contestant. Only two rehears- 
als were actually required, but it was 
felt that everybody should practise 
winning unless failure to do so was 
later interpreted as some kind of 

With that process completed all 
retire for sherry and sandwiches 
prior to the real* thing. Earlier they 
had rehearsed both rounds of the 
game using a stock of rehearsal 
questions which ne'er varies. The 
Mag dispenses with his austere on- 
air tones and reveals his true colours 
during this process. 

“You passed cravenly on two," he 
says, or “Mr Formby. return to your 
seal in disgrace." For. shocking as it 
may seem, the magisterial, erudite 
Magnu&son who runs Mastermind 
is a phoney — his real self is 
mischievous. laid-back: he is most 
definitely one of the lads. 

The final was actually recorded 
on May 21. In previous years it has 
been recorded in the same week as 
transmission. But organization this 
year, with five finalists instead of 
the usual four, proved more diffi- 
cult, so the final had to be staged 
before the semi-finals had even 
been broadcast 

As a result the entire production 
team was twitchy about the problem 
of secrecy, imploring both audience 
and guests to keep the result to 
themselves. Meanwhile a few as- 
sorted hacks were wondering if they 
could relieve Messrs Ladbroke of 

The Answering Machine faces The Mag: Je nnif er Keaveney on her winning way to the theoretical maximum of 40 points during last night’s final 

a game. This seems to produce the 
opposite of the desired effect 

Meanwhile The Mag and the 
producer. Peter Massey, retell the 
history of the quiz. 

It was born in the 1970s when the 
BBC was on the look-out for a new 
quiz format One producer. Bill 
Wright had suffered interrogation 
by the Gestapo after being shot 
down over Holland. One night he 
relived the experience in a dream, 
with his interrogators having been 
turned into the Spanish Inquisition. 
Again he wearily repeated his name, 
rank and serial number while sitting 
in a chair, dazzled by bright lights. 
On waking he instantly worked out 
the format for the show. To this dav- 
it has changed only in detail. 

‘Magnus is quite 
definitely one 
of the lads’ 

any spare change with the help of 
t of in 

this fragment of inside knowledge. 

Over sherry’, Mary Craig, the 
scorer, is playing a mother-hen role 
for the contestants. She discusses 
clothes with the women — “It's 
pink. Oh it must be very pale pink" 
— and assures the man looking most 
tense. Owen Gunnell, that it is only 

Its success has been immense. It 
has now run for 14 years and 
attracts audiences of up to 15 
million. This year a record number 
of 8.000 people have applied to take 
pan in the 1 987 series. There is even 
a Mastermind club for former 
contestants. The Mag attends their 
meetings and provides expert criti- 
cism of the quality of their question- 
setting during after-dinner sessions. 

Time is passing and the challeng- 
ers are visibly freezing up. Making 
conversaiion is evidently becoming 
an irritant as the final approaches. 

Two of them — Philip McDonald 
and Michael Formby — are from 
Liverpool and are seasoned practi- 
tioners from the pub-based 
Merseyside Quiz League. Both have 
been swotting. Owen says he has no 
lime for such preparation and keeps 
saying: “1 didn't expect to get this 
far and I don't expect to win 

The two women are spectacularly 
different. Hendy Farquhar-Smith is 
the garrulous life-and-soul-of-the- 
partv. She has been on Winner 
Takes All and Ask the Family, so she 
is something of a TV pro. She calls 
Jennifer Keaveney “the answering 
machine" after her performance in 
the semi-final. She scored 20 in each 
round, making a record total of 40. 
This is a theoretical maximum as 
The Mag limes the questions and 
answers to give an optimum 20 
questions per two minute period 
Very rapid answering can of course 
produce more. 

Jennifer is quiet and shy and has 
been re-reading the novels of Eliza- 
beth Gaskell. Her dress is the same 
as she wore in the heat and the semi- 
final — not that she is superstitious, 
she just couldn't find anything else. 
She is the runaway favourite. 

Families are there, but only 
Owen’s wife is actually at the sherry 
session. Contestants are allowed 
three guests, who must sit behind 
them as they wait to sit in The 
Chair. This is meant to discourage 
any suggestion of cheating, though 
in reality they all say that once they 
are out in the glare of the lights they 
are aware of nothing but The Mag's 
pale stare and the soft dicks of his- 
question cards. 

We leave for the halL now filled 
by the audience. Around its renais- 
sance dome is inscribed the motto: 
“Wisdom is the prindpal thing 
therefore get wisdom and with all 
thy getting get understanding; exalt 
her and she shall bring thee 
honour." Tonight the understand- 
ing is optional. 

‘Aware of nothing 
but the click 
of question cards’ 

optical apparatus thrust dangerous- 
ly close to mine. "I once showed it 
to some television people in Ameri- 
ca and they couldn't understand it. 
They said it was so slow " 

The mild-mannered Jennifer 
turns out to be married to Arthur, a 
large, bewhiskered university lec- 
turer from the west coast of Ireland. 
No, Arthur had no idea she had it in 
her. Yes, Arthur had helped her by 
reading Elizabeth Gaskell and try- 
ing to spot likely questions. 

All this niceness is beginning to 
the Daily Mail, 

During the contest half the audi- 
ence cannot hear a thing as ques- 
tions and answers acoustically 
evaporate in the vast dome. But the 
tension is real enough as Hendy 
takes a one-point lead after the 
specialist round. In the general 
knowledge round, however, Jenni- 
fer finds her range. Her head tilts 
slightly, all life seems to vanish 
from "her face and the answers 
emerge as if she were merely the 
mouthpiece of some infinitely 
quick, infinitely informed comput- 
er. She scores a near-impossible 22 
to give her another 40 and a 
runaway victory. 

Grade does his prize-giving bit, 
making convivial jokes about his 
own inability to answer the ques- 
tions. Back to the food and drink 
and the contestants are almost 
invisible as Grade takes centre- 

“It's all about cruelty.- and the 
eves”, he says, his own beady 

get to the man from 
who is growing increasingly con- 
vinced there is no story. He seizes 
gratefully on the snippet that Jenni- 
fer appeared on University Chal- 
lenge in 1978, but Jennifer isn’t a 
story. She just happened to win, 
having been hooked by the number 
of questions sbe could answer while 
idly watching the show. For a 
moment that meant she- found 
herself among the hacks and the 
showmen, bemused but self-con- 
tained. This is not a Fred House©) 
situation; it is a drift-poiitefy-away 

Grade, by this time, is in top gear. 
“You know, I would have put 
money on her not winning. She 
looked so nervous at the beginning. 
And when I shook her hand— it was 
so cold.” He is also having fun 
apparently tearing a strip off a press 
officer and organizing a press 
conference about yet another televi- 
sion row for the next day. Master- 
mind} - that's just another slot in 
the schedules and Jennifer Just 
another careers information ofluc 
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Dolls from the deep 

Legoland, the 25-acre child- 
ren’s amusement park in 
Billund. on Denmark's Jut- 
land peninsula, will soon be' 
providing a home for some 
elderly — and enchanting — 
guests. They are doils, part of 
the cargo of a German ship, 
the Louisiana, which sank in 
25 feet of water off Jutland’s 
North Sea coast in 1868. 

So far, Danish divers have 
brought hundreds of china 
and porcelain dolls to the 
surface, as well as spare parts 
such as arms and legs, and the 
moulds and lead for the 
manufacture of toys. 

The Lego concern, which 
makes the brightly coloured 
interlocking building blocks 
used by an estimated 50 
million children worldwide, 
paid an undisclosed - but 
undoubtedly considerable — 
sum for the rights to the 
treasure trove. 

The wreck of the 1300 ton 
Louisiana was discovered in 
1 983 by Danish divers a third 
of a mile off the North Sea 
hamlet of Fjaltring, halfway 
up the peninsula. 

Channel by fierce storms* the 
Louisiana returned to the 
North Sea where she lost her 
masts and rigging off England 
and drifted out of control 
towards Denmark. On Febru- 
ary 6, 15 days after setting out 
on her ill-fated journey to 
America, die was swept on to 
a sandbar off the Jutland 
coast. Only one member of the 
crew lost his life. 

Enough goods were sal- 
i froi 

Sunken treasure: all dolled-op 
with somewhere Id go 

The ship left her. home port 
of Breraerhaven on January 
23, 1868, on her maiden 
voyage to New York. She had 
a crew of 23 and a mixed cargo 
of iron and lead bars, manu- 
factured goods, wine, rice and 
coffee - and the toys. 

Prevented from negotiating 
the narrows of the English 



J Slimy itcreuen (5) 

4 Glisten (7) 

8 Roman dan name 

9 Breach of law (7) 

10 TtplS) 

If Dish 

13 Generous 111) 

17 Even \ 4 \ 

18 Whole Universe 181 
-1 Glucose hormone (71 

22 Senior (5) 

23 Come to light (7) 

24 LoneSiarsaair(5) 


1 Household <61 

2 Pause mark i5l 

3 Optimism 181 

4 Finng practice area 

5 Knowledge (4) 

6 Cloak 1 7) 

7 Feeling sorrow |6) 
12 Inherent (8) 

14 lmpuicr(7i 

15 Programmes act 16} 

16 Ulteri comemp- 
luouslv (6) 

19 AJphabciicaIlbi(51 

20 Entreaty (4) . 

vaged from the wreck of the 
Louisiana for two local auc- 
tions to be held in Jutland that 
spring. But before the entire 
cargo could be brought ashore, 
the huff of the 146ft vessel 
finally snapped and sank into 
the sands of Fjaltring, near 

Three years ago divers re- 
covered large quantities of, 
artefacts from die hulk, and 
since then annual summer 
dives have harvested crates 
full of well-preserved dolls, 
and large amounts of lead bars 
and other items. This sum- 
mer. the project will be 

“The dolls, which are of| 
German manufacture, were 
brand new when they were 
shipped to New York”. Kir- 
sten Stadelhofer, the Lego 
executive supervising Opera- 
tion Louisiana, says. “Many 
of ibe items are dolls' arms, 
legs and heads, without bodies 
and clothing, indicating that 
they were destined to be 
assembled prior to being sold 
in shops in the New World.” 

The fascinating mid- 19th 
century dolls will be cleaned 
and repaired before becoming 
part of Legoland's own doU 
collection. Located in a muse- 
um in the amusement park, 
the collection is one of the 
most impressive in Europe, 
consisting of some 450 Euro- 
pean dolls and dolls' houses 
dating from 1580 to the turn 
of the last century. 

Christopher Follett 

BTtaW H e wipi p w* LM. 1888 

Waiting for the 

T his is the day on "bn* 
we all run our greatest 

*ni»wl risk of meeting 
yrwtwT*! disaster face Co face. 
As you read this, the earth k 
ploughing through a ctoua of 
rater-planetary boulders, we 

-taftto’s rubWe^of tfco «rfar 
system. It poses very rad 
threats — a chunk just 20 
yards across sweeping in® 
the earth’s atmosphere would 
explode a few miles above 
sound and devastate a hun- 
dred square miles. A 100- 

yarf boulder could reach the 
ground intact and explode to 
form a one mile- wide crater. 
The dust raised by the impact 
would form a mushroom cloud 
that could affect the worms 
weather for many m onths. 

Such are the vivid counn- 
sioas reached by normally 
down-to-earth geologists at 
the spring meeting of the 
American Geophysical 
Union in Baltimore, Mary- 
land. They met in special 
session to assess the major 

natur al ha yar ds facing the 

world: • meteorites, earth- 
quakes and volcanic 

“Space boulders are partic- 
ularly hazardous", says Eu- 
gene Shoemaker of the US 
Geological Survey. “Al- 
though we know of the many 
mile-sized bodies that pass by 
earth, even modern astronom- 
ical cameras and radar can 
■not find and track the mil- 
lions of yard-sized bonMers." 

Shoemaker befieves these 
rocks even pose a political 
ride. Any atmospheric deto- 
nation on this scale mimics a 
nuclear explosion. The space- 
monitoring systems of the 
superpowers would pick up u 
incoming fireball and identify 
the explosion as non-midear. 
But less sophisticated mem- 
bers of the nuclear dnb might 
use unclear weapons in re- 
sponse to a meteorite blast. 
Even the reply of Star Wars 

In 1908. a meteorite 
exploded over 
Siberia, levelling 
LOCO square miles 
of forest. Today" it 
could be our turn 

Space bomb: Phobos, one of Man* moens, Ei 18 nfles wide; 
but that is only half the size of some cosmic debris 

equipment now being buOt to 
respond automatically to a 
nodear attack could never be 
predicted. Missiles might be 
launched before the scientists 
sorted out the confusion. 

Socta natural disasters may 
seem unreal, but 78 years ago 
today a nuUkm-ton boulder 
tumbled down Into the atmo- 
sphere at 72,000 mph over 
the Tangoska . region of 

I ts entry fireball, caused by 
friction, was brighter foan 
the Sira and the boulder 
disintegrated in a 12-megaton 
flash four miles up. The 
blinding light singed the 
shirts of witnesses 10. miles 
away and the blast flattened 
nearly 1,000 square miles of 
pine forest The local soft is 
still thickwith tiny glass and 
iron beads, the condensed 
remains of the melted and 
vaporized boulder. 

There is ample evidence 
that space is not empty, bat 
teems with debris of ail kinds. 
Hundreds of mile-sired mini 
planets rub shoulders with 
millioiis of yard-sized rocks 
and bOtions of dost frag- 
ments. Collimons happen all 
foe time. We’ve all seen the 
small stuff the shooting star 
of a meteor being destroyed. 
The earth attracts more tfam 
10,000 tons of debris a year. 

day, a 1,000 ton body once a 
month, a IS, 000 ton boulder 
once a year and a 100,000 ton 
behemoth every 20 years. A 
million tun Tunguska giant 
arrives once a century. 

Our greatest risk comes 
from fragments of comet 
Encke. This icy body has 
scattered more dost and boul- 
ders dose to the earth's orbit 
in tiie last few thousand years 
than all other sources com- 
bined. Each June 30 foe earth 
passes right through this 

The Tunguska boulder was 
part of this cloud and the 
impact of other bits of it on 
the moon have been recorded 
by the seismic stations left 
behind by the Apollo astro- 
nauts- There, meteorites are 
not slowed by an atmosphere 
and impact on the surface 
with full force. A high propor- 
tion of the largest impacts 
Occur around the end of June. 

When foe next Tongus ta- 
sty le boulder arrives, as it 
surely will in our children’s 
lifetimes, it is unlikely to be 
spotted beforehand. The sud- 
den appearance of tbe bril- 
liant entry fireball will give 
jnst a few seconds* warning of 

• FAST PAJN J7£lJ£r 

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end stiffness. 

^“--•s.spiQinsapd v- 

Back stram, a touch of stiffness^ 
pulled muscle or the effect of lumbaqo 

orscatica can aH he unpleasantiy 

PR .Spray is the really quick and 
"nia? ® relieve that pain. 

ph c™ S? ost > °® ie . r P»n relief sprays. 
PR Spray is cold. It ts the spray used by 

prSE? attendin 9 injuries 
* ra £ wh,ch * odo «riess, rapidly 
'JESS*. tempera ? ,r e of the skin bver 
the pamful area, and so freezes oain 
out- quickly and effectively P 





The bulk of this metis in the 
atmosphere, hot e»er? square 

mfle of groeod is annual)? 
scattered with a pound of 

cosmic dust. 

Information comes from 
oar study of asteroids iboul- 
ders composed of compressed 
rocks and dust) and comets 
(compressed ice and dost)- 
We no* know of 57 bodies of 
one mile or wider foal pass 0 
dose to the earth- At the end 
of Mav, one passed within 
three mill km mftes of foe 
planet, and such passages 
probablv occur every two or 
three da vs. Mile-sized boul- 
ders hitting earth are rare - 
perhaps ooe every _ -00,000 
years — but devastating. 

A mile-wide asteroid pro- 
duces a 100,000 mega- 
ton explosion ami a 
enter 22 miles across. Dust 
thrown high into the air 
blocks out foe sun completely 
for several months and may 
even precipitate an ice-age. 
Several thousand such events ^ 
have occurred since life 
evolved on earth, and the 
most important ones have 
killed most life forms- The 
result has always been a 
sadden diversification of foe 
lucky survivors, a sharp boost 
to tire pace of evofartwa. 

On a smaller scale, scien- 
tists can study the yard-sized 
boulders with camera net- 
works operating at night. 
These show that tbe earth 
meets a 100 ton rock every* 

Keith Hindley P 

CTlm— H hran p ^m Ltd. 19W 



A bond to 
link love 
and death 

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substantial benefits and peace of mind for 
the parents, as Alison Miller discovered 



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V anessa Owens took her 
life the day before her 
second baby was due. It 
was the unhappy sequel 
to the tragedy of a still- 
birth after which she was allowed to 
cradle the dead infant. Vanessa's 
father, Anthony Owens, said at the 
inquest last month that no mother 
should be given a corpse because 
'“there is an immediate bond” once 
a baby is handed to her. 

in recent years there has been a 
determined movement for belter 
handling of stillbirths. Giving the 
dead child to the mother, called 
bonding, is now seen as an aid to a 
healthy expression of grief. 

For 24-year-old Vanessa Owens, 
it proved too much. She spent time 
in a psychiatric unit after the loss of 
the baby and tried to take an 
overdose when she became preg- 
nant again. Her desperation about 
the possibility of a second tragedy 
underlay her suicide. It is a fear 
familiar to all women who have had 
a stillbirth. But these days, says Sue 
Burgess, chairman of the Stillbirth 
and Neonatal Death Society 
(Sands), women whose babies are 
bore dead feel angry. 

-“Often it’s easier for parents to 
. accept a neonatal death (in the first 
weeks of life) when they can see 
: defocmily or how little chance the 
’ baby has. and they can also see how 
'-hard doctors and nurses work to 
/save ft.” she says. “In a stillbirth 
there is a lot of blame and anger 
around. There will always be birth 
' tragedies, but of course there are ■ 
some that shouldn't occur. Parental 
■ observations can give a good guide 
to what's happening.” 

Bdinda and Tony Turner lost 
their first baby in a stillbirth 18 
months ago. They now have an 
eight-week-old daughter. Angela. 
“The undertakers took that dreadful 
white, minute casket from the 
limousine, where it had sat so 
incongruously on the back seat, and 
I heard our Roman Catholic priest 
whisper to them that there wouldn't 
be a service but we would say a few 
prayers, and that was that”, says 
Bdinda. now aged 30. a former 
fashion buyer. 

She and her husband, a carpenter, 
were the only mourners at the burial 
. of their first babv. “At first I used to 


Should mothers be encouraged to see, hold 
and even photograph their stillborn babies? 
Bonding is widely regarded as a good thing 
but there can be grave risks to set against 

visit her grave every week. Now I go 
once in three weeks, but the real 
pilgrimage was going to the grave 
with my new baby. I can honestly 
say there was never a moment when 
1 thought the second baby would be 
born and survive. What shocked me 
as I held her was her warmth. You 
don’t let yourself imagine warm 
flesh, a warm human being, after a 
stillbirth. I had such a feeling of 
emptiness inside, like a complete 
void. Subsequent pregnancy was 

There are no set rules about 
stillbirth except that the baby is lost- 
some have been dead in the womb 
for some lime, others are lost while 
the mother is in hospital. Some 
parents see the dead infant, others 
prefer not to. Some cuddle the baby, 
others keep photographs. 

It was Belinda's first pregnancy 
and it never crossed her mind that 
anything was wrong until midwives 
had trouble finding a heartbeat on 
her admission to hospital. 

“I knew then that uial was »L My 
husband was still at work, my 
mother was with me. The hospital 
never told me the baby was dead 
during labour, and when my hus- 
band walked into the room I looked 
at his face and knew that he didn't 
know. When he asked what was 
wrong, no one would tell him.” 

B elinda says she was given 
“quite a lot of Pelhedin 
and 1 remember through 
the haze the midwife ask- 
ing me: ‘Have you thought 
whether you would like to see and 
hold your baby when it’s bom?’ I 
said: ‘No. no. no, 1 don't want to.' I. 
was horrified by the idea of the baby 
being dead. It was my first pregnan- 
cy and you don't know what your 
baby's going to be hke.anyway. I felt 
so dreadful. I didn't want anyone 
with me when it was bom. I thought 
I had let everybody down. 

“Later the consultant asked me 
whether I was sure I didn't want to 
see the baby and I said yes. I’ve 
never regretted it Yet we have a 
photograph of the baby and I look at 
it a lot.” 

Colin and Rebecca Andrews lost 
their first child 10 years ago. 
Rebecca. 20 at the time, was told the 
baby had died in an abrupt manner 

Happier days now: Colin and Rebecca Andrews with children, from left, Maddy, Laurie, Holly and Bamaby. 
Below left, Jenny Harrison — the comfort of holding; Below right, Belinda Turner — the shock of warmth 

£ There is 
a lot of 
blame and 
around 5 

stood that l would be depressed for 
a long time. Three months later I 
became pregnant with my next 
child, but for years afterwards I 
would find myself feeling really low 
for no accountable reason. It was 
that unresolved grief. 

“‘We had three children after that 
and the third one died when she was 
three months old. It was at her 
funeral that the impact of the 
stillborn baby. Luke, really hit me. 
We’ve since had two more children, 
and I've found each time that it has 
been very difficult coping with w hat 
could go wrong. You feel a tremen- 
dous sense of guilt because your 
body was responsible for protecting 
the child and somewhere along the 
line it failed. The experience takes 
away all your confidence.” 

Five years ago, John and Jenny 
Harrison, then 29, lost their second 
child. “1 knew the baby was dead as 
i pushed him out. It was just a 
totally different feeling from how it 
had been with my live child. I was 
there with the dead baby still 
attached to me: I hadn’t been 
drugged or anything. The hospital 
staff were very open towards letting 

and that its birth would be induced 
four days later, a fact which 
horrified Colin, not just because she 
would have to carry the dead baby 
for four more days, but because she 
would have to go through a normal 

“1 waited a week before I went 
back into hospital because l was so 
frightened”, Rebecca says, “i 
couldn't face the reality. They 
prescribed Valium and 1 can re- 
member saying to the consultant: 
•Your Valium will not take away my 

“It didn't help me at all that 
people thought ft best for me to get 
on and have another child and 
forget about the dead baby. He was 
my son and 1 needed time to grieve 
for him. 1 had wanted to see the 
baby when he was born, but 1 can re- 
member the sister saying to me: ‘1 
think you should know that it won't 
look very nice because it has been 
dead for a week, and I advise you 
not to see it’. 

“I was very heavily drugged in 
labour. When he was Bom I did ask 
to sec him. but no one answered me. 
After I went home nobody under- 

us do what we wanted. The baby 
was taken away, cleaned and nicely 
wrapped up and they said: ‘You 
hold him as long as you like because 
you obviously want to'. 

“The baby arrived in the middle 
of the night - just like a bad dream, 
really, We just accepted in there 
were no tears. But the terrible thing 
is that your body is geared up for a 
live baby and by the third day. when 
your milk comes in. it's just 
screaming out for a baby. It's a very 
physical thing and at the time I 
wouldn't have cared what was 
wrong with the baby, and ours had 
quite a lot wrong with him. 

“There was nothing horrible 
about holding him and. as the years 
have gone by. it has been a great 
comfort for me because, in holding 
him. 1 somehow acknowledged that 
he was mine. The only thing I regret 
is not having a picture of him.” 

Stillbirth and A 'amoral Death 
Sfldery. Argvlc House, 29-31 Eustott 
Road. London Mi l 2SD (01-833 

fifrh nn Newspapers Ltd, 1986 



Visit Earl’s Court, 
bring a duster 

I think I may have to give up 
■ holidays the way other people 
give up alcohol and red meat. 
“No, thank you", I shall say, 
the next lime I am offered a 
month in the Bahamas. “I’m 
sorry, but I don’t travel well.” 

It isn't the travelling that I 
mind, or the getting away 
from it all: it is the getting back 
to it that I find so unsettling. I 
love my job. but it compares 
badly with leaning over the 
harbour wall in the west of 
Ireland. On my first day back 
at work my nerves stretch as 
tauily as harp strings and 10 
days of R and R are wiped out 
in a single morning. 

Then there’s the post-vaca- 
tion washing. 1 know that 
some wonderfully organized 
travellers wouldn't dream of 
going as far as Margate with- 
out their portable plastic 
clothesline with its own mini- 
pegs. a sachet of Travelwash 
and a suitcase hardly weighted 
down at all with driprdry 

But this is not a feasible 
proposition in Connemara, 
where the ideal holiday ward- 
robe is thick sweaters that take 
three days to dry 1 , even if you 
remember to bring them in 
out of the rain and drape them 
over the immersion beater. So 
I tend to let the Guinness 
stains rest in peace while I'm 
there and drag back a easeful 
of soiled outerwear which 
smells like a pub serving 
engine-oil on draughL 

I fling the lot into the 
washing machine in my Lon- 
don flat, unfortunately with 
one grubby tissue still tucked 
inside, a sleeve. How peculiar 
it is that one small square of 
paper, hardly big enough to 
sneeze into, can disintegrate 
into 10 million damp flakes 
that slick fast to an entire 
machine-load, most especially 
to the black ribbed cotton skirt 
that you should have washed 
bv hand any wav. 

It is also a well known fact 
that, whenever you go away, 
everyone to whom you owe 
money sends in their bills so 
as to form a high stack of 
brown envelopes on the door- 
mat to trip you up on your 
return. Nothing brings on the 
homecoming blues more than 
having to pay the electricity 
bill, when the money ear- 
marked for it has already been 
recklessly spent on a lobster 
supper by a sunlit quayside. 

A creature of habit. I always 
spend my holidays in Ireland 
and always spend my lime 
there doing the housework. 
This is on the basis of a change 
being as good as a rest. In 
London I have to ignore the 
state of the lace curtains while 
1 try 10 cat my breakfast 
yoghurt while putting on my 
lipstick. So. when I’m off duty, 

I have a perfectly lovely time 
swilling spiders down the 
plughole and burnishing the 
brass claw legs of the standard 

To flick a duster around in 




my Irish cottage, I travel 
hundreds of miles on trains 
and boats and planes. It seems 
a lot of money to spend just to 
feel the glow of domesticity, 
especially when I then have to 
return to the grimy hovel that 
is home for most of the year. 

It would be cheaper and 
probably just as relaxing to 
stay put in Earl's Court One 
could always say: “I have 
decided not to go away this 
year”, in a voice that suggests 
that a holiday at home in- 
volves strolling through the 
paddock of an evening, sip- 
ping Pimms and inviting 
Jeremy Irons over for tennis. 
Some people have so many 
accoutrements in their homes 
— Jacuzzis, floodlit birdbaths, 
climbing frames - that they 
must feel that they are visiting 
a rather high-class Butlins 
without stepping outside. 

There is nothing like that 
where l live but holidays in 
Earl’s Court must have some- 
thing. judging by the number 
of Australians who flock here 
as well as several Arab ladies 
in jewelled masks who jet over 
to spend the summer in the 
local Underwoods. I could 
make it sound quite exotic as 
long as I don't let on that the 
height of ecstasy as far as I'm 
concerned is removing the 
inch-thick layer of velvety 
grey dust from the bathroom 

Fantasies aren't what they 
used to be. Cosmopolitan 
magazine is offering as a 
competition prize a night out 
with Ken Livingstone. 

Ken Livingstone ? Come on 
now. Cosmopolitan. / expect 
more glamorous suggestions 
from you than that. What's 
wrong with Richard Gere. Bob 
Gddof. Anthony Andrews? I 
am sure that Ken Livingstone 
is a perfectly nice chap hut he 
has a bald spot, suits that look 
as if he got them via a mail-or- 
der catalogue, and he goes on 
about his pel newts. 

In fact, he's just the son of 
man that most women are 
capable of finding all by 
themselves without the bother 
of entering a competition to 
win him. 


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The Government's “meat 
products” regulations come 
into force tomorrow. They 
will ensure that no more than 
7.4 percent of water is added 
to a frozen chicken without it 
being labelled as containing 
the enabling additive 
polyphosphate. They will 
make certain that no piece of 
ham or bacon with more than 
about 10 per cent added 
water goes to the supermarket 
shelf without explaining its 
extra weight. 

Trading standards officers 
expect the result to be that 
supermarkets will not sell 
watered chickens or hams. As 
David Roberts, chief trading 
standards officer for Shrop- 
shire. says: “Nobody will 
want to see polyphosphate on 
a label". 

Yet there are limes when 
automatically believing that 
the food industry is a conspir- 
acy can be bad for you. Last 
month one of our local 
butchers halved his meat 
space and even opened up a 
fresh fish counter. 

In another butcher's win- 
dow. however, the sight of 
huge lamb leg steaks was too 
much to resist. They were 
slapped into an old cast-iron 

Conspiracy theory 
won’t hold water 

Tomorrow controls 
on liquid in meat 
come into force. 
But don’t be too 
quick to complain 

frying pan. One tea spoonful 
of vegetable oil bad gone in 
ahead of the sleaks and they 
were turned over quickly on 
either side then covered with 
an enamel plate so they 
wouldn’t dry out. The gas was 
turned down to simmer. ‘ 

The steaks were practically 
awash with water 20 minutes 
later. Salt had not been added 
so the reason for such a 
massive leak was a puzzle. 
The steaks were much small- 
er but tasted delicious. Next 
day the story was tok) to the 
butcher who doled, out four 
more sleaks and filled out an 
official complaint form. 

The new steaks were treat- 

ed to the same cooking 
method and this lime slightly 
over one pound in weight 
yielded three fluid ounces of 
liquid. The steaks were still 
delicious. Yet the thought 
niggled that somehow water 
had been added. 

The explanation proved a 
bit embarrassing Dr Brian 
Bointon. lecturer in food 
technology at North London 
Polytechnic, put it as suc- 

cinctly as he could, after 
reporting back from further 
inquiries with meat experts. 

Water, he reminded me. 
makes up a huge percentage 
of our — and animals* — 
bodies. “You could expea to 
lose between 8 and 10 per 
cent of your lamb's weight in 
water. But there are many 
other factors which could 
influence even more being 

• “Your three fluid ounce 
water loss is certainly at the 
top end of expected loss but 
from what you tell me it is not 
unreasonable”. There was. he 
added, no known technology 
in practice at present for 
adding water to fresh meat. 

What he didn't say was 
maybe what the butcher fell 
like telling me the day I 
complained: 1 couldn't cook. 
Because among the “other 
factors” which encourage wa-; 
ter Joss are cooking very 
slowly and cooking with a lid 
— or an upturned plate — over 
the meat. Forgetting how to 
cook meat seems easier than 
becoming a vegetarian. 

Vivien Tomlinson 

OHma* Newspapers Ud. 1086 

Every Dad should have his day 

From Mrs Vanessa Gcbbic, 
Dyke Road, Hove 

I would like to take issue with 
Joseph Kelly (Why fathers 
can do without a day. First 
Person, June !3) on two 
counts. He implies that board 
games such as Trivial Pursuit 
are a waste of time and money, 
as is Fathers' Day. _ 

What, exactly, constitutes a 
“waste of time” in bis eyes? 
An enjoyable hour spent with 
family or friends testing gener- 
al knowledge? Kids saving 
hard-earned pocket money to 
bay Dad a gift? 

Does Mr Kelly ban games of 
chess, backgammon. Monopo- 
ly, draughts and snakes and 
ladders on the spurious 
grounds that some commer- 
cially-minded whizz-kid is 
making a profit out of them? 
Does he also ban Christinas 
and birthday cards and 
presents. Easter eggs, and 
Mothers’ Day gifts? 

It seems to me as though Mr 
Kelly is rather envious that he 
did not espy the relevant gaps 
in the market himself. Sour 


grapes, Mr Kelly! If yon are 
trying to stop us blinkered 
Tools having fan, yon are 
wasting your time! 

Fro'*i John Kcrnoban. 

Rede Road. Whepstcad. 

Bury St Edmunds. Suffolk 

As a man I should tike 
wholeheartedly to endorse 
Libby Purves’s article (Kilting 
off pride and perfection. First 
person, June 18) which re- 
vealed the plight of the Phyllis 
Memorial Maternity Home. 

In 1980 my former wife gave 
birth to our son at the excel- 
lent Heath Road Maternity 
Unit in Ipswich, and the next 
day I collected both mother 
and son and drove them to the 
Phyllis. The sister in charge. 
Sister Thick, bad delivered my 
wife some 21 years earlier and 
had certainly taken a ride in 
the first days of most of our 
son’s 15 cousins at that time. 

Even in those days there 
was talk of closure, and now It 

seems inevitable. Although I 
no longer live in the direct 
vicinity of the Phyllis, I can 

well remember the friendly 
atmosphere and first class 
attention to both mothers and 
offspring. L for one, shall 
mourn its passing. 

From Mrs Elizabeth 
H inkier. The National 
Childbirth Trust, Fromc. 

Closure of rural maternity 
homes is not only a tragic loss 
to the community, as Libby 
Porves’s excellent article 
showed, but also, if a similar 
policy in the Bath health 
district is anything to go by, 
eventually unworkable. 

Due to closures of rural 
maternity units and a policy of 
centralization in the Bath 
area, the post-natal wards id 
the Princess Anne Maternity 
Wing at the Royal United 
Hospital in Bath are notori- 
ously short-staffed and 

We now hear that the health 
district is reversing its policy 

and encouraging the rural GP 
units which still operate to 
undertake more deliveries. 

Ipswich Health Authority — 
take note! 

From Neil Parrack. 

Monica Drive. 

Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 

Penny Penick’s brilliant for- 
mula (Polygamy paradise, 
Jane 16) for marital bliss with 
equal opportunities would, it 
seems, find much favour, to 
judge from my inquiries. 

The worrying thought is, 
would we run out of women in a 
polygamous society? To over- 
come this, divorce and remar- 
riage rates now being what 
they are. It seems only logical 
to allow a series of monoga- 
mous marriages by tbe same 
partner to take place concur- 
rently, instead of consecutively 
as at present Long-term com- 
mitments to marriage, which 
are currently hit-and-miss af- 
fairs, could thus conveniently 
continue as such, the sheer 
volume of joint partners mak- 
ing for greater stability and 
equality of opportunity. 







BIRMINGHAM: 021 B32 5931 -MAN CHESTER. 061-032 967716 GLASGOW: 041-248 6361 

0A KEY PRESTEl 223913. 






No more talk: time to act 

Anne Sofer 




Labour MP Tam Dal yell’s latest 
sortie into the politics of 
embarrassment is to make an issue 
of the Prime Minister's deter- 
mination to keep her Cabinet 
Secretary'. Sir Robert Armstrong, 
beyond "his retirement date. He 
has tabled a parliamentary ques- 
tion for Tuesday asking Mrs 
Thatcher to state her reasons. 
Tonight I expect Daly ell to elabo- 
rate on his theory that an outgoing 
Tory administration would de- 
pend on Armstrong to determine 
which sensitive Downing Street 
documents should be saved, and 
which could be dispatched to the 
Number 10 shredder. Dalyell ar- 
gues that the two other men who 
could have filled this function. 
Robin Butler and Sir Clive 
. Whitmore, the former principal 
private secretaries to the Prime 
Minister, have both moved on to 
other senior posts. Armstrong is 
thus the only man with the 
detailed knowledge of the highly 
sensitive documentation about 
the Falklands war and the West- 
land crisis. Dalyell will make his 
claims to the West Lancashire 
Labour Party in Ormskirk — the 
consrituency’of Conservative MP 
Kenneth Hind who supported the 
recent filibuster which prevented 
Daylcll from attacking the Prime 
Minister in the Commons. 

Sent unpacking 

Downing Street would have us 
believe that the Belgians and the 
Dutch pulled out of the mooted 
tripartite delegation with Britain 
10 South Africa of their own 
volition, but 1 suggest this is not 
the case. It was Mrs Thatcher who. 
at the Hague summit, marched up 
to the foreign ministers of the 
other two nations 3 nd told them, 
as inimitably as ever, that their 
presence would not be required. 
The PM's chill touch dearly has 
the same effect on ministers 
abroad as on those at home. 

• Seen in Tighnabrnaich, Argyll, 
the following car sticker: “Drive 
carefully. Most people are caused 
by accidents." 


While Richard Branson was 
preparing for his speedboat at- 
tempt on the Atlantic I was dining 
in London with Jamaica's tourism 
minister. Hugh Hart. He told me 
that Branson is considering yet 
another project, a twice-weekly 
Virgin Atlantic jumbo service to 
Jamaica. The two men met re- 
cently and, according to HarL 
Branson was eager for details of 
fuel costs. landing fees and other 
relevant data. No denial is forth- 
coming from Virgin, and I predict 
an autumn date for take-off! 


If Branson’s airline secures an- 
other MoD contract for Falklands 
flights, like the one it got last week, 
we could witness the spectacle of 
an Argentine aircraft returning to 
the Falklands — one of Virgin’s 
second-hand jumbos, the Maiden 
Voyager, having once belonged to 
Aerolinas Argentinas. Any chance 
they will now let us have Diego 


‘Pity one of them had to win’ 


You don't often come across wit 
that combines football with lit- 
erature, but I heard a fine example 
of the genre the other night while 
watching West Germany v France 
on the giant screen in my locaL 
The German defender. Forster, 
namesake of the English novelist, 
was having trouble making con- 
tact with a colleague's midfield 
pass. Said this wag standing next 
to me: “Only connect. Forster! 
Only connect!” 

Extra cover 

At last you are beginning to trump 
my stories about the highest score 
ever recorded in a single over of 
cricket. My last bid, you remem- 
ber, was an apocryphal 161 in a 
village match, when the ball get 
stuck in the spout of a pump deep 
in the outfield and was not 
officially “lost” by virtue of its 
continuing visibility. Well, in 
January 1894 . during a fixture in 
Western Australia, a similar thing 
happened, only this time the 
catcher was a three-pronged fork 
in a tree near the boundary. The 
home side sent for an axe; this 
failed to materialize, so they got 
hold of a rifle and. after several 
shots, the team’s top marksman 
dislodged the ball - but not be- 
fore the visiting batsmen had run 
286 and the captain had declared. 
Terrible reproaches followed be- 
tween the fielders, for they had 
aUowed the ball to drop, like Isaac 
Newton’s apple, without bother- 
ing to catch it 


At one stage during our visits to 
South Africa the Commonwealth 
croup believed there was a good 
chance of bringing about negotia- 
tions between the government and 
genuine black leaders. The pros- 
pect was destroyed when the 
government turned its back and 
launched a new series of repres- 
sive actions. 

1 believe there are two reasons 
for iis reaction. In the gov- 
ernment’s view, future political 
rights were to be exercised through 
separate racial groups. This could 
not be accepted by a united black 
leadership — and from our dis- 
cussions with Nelson Mandela 
and other black leaders the 
possibility of such a leadership 
began to emerge. Secondly, 
hardliners in the government be- 
lieved that tough measures would 
restore their kind of normalcy. 
Plainly they won. 

Commonwealth leaders will 
meet in the autumn to consider 
the actions they now consider 
necessary. The EEC has taken 
some steps — totally inadequate — 
and will discuss the matter further 
in three months. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe is going to South Africa as 
an EEC envoy — but what can he 
learn in a day or two that is not 
covered in our report? In six 
months we had more than 20 
meetings with government min- 
isters and met black leaders from 
all groups, including Mandela 
three times. Black leaders are 
unlikely to meet Sir Geoffrey 
because they regard the Common- 
wealth report - demonstrating as 
it does that Pretoria is not 
prepared to negotiate and is not 
dismantling the fundamentals of 
apartheid — as the definitive 
document. They warn sanctions or 
other substantive measures. Sir 
Geoffrey's visit will be seen as one 
more effort to delay and to find an 
excuse to avoid effective action. . 

Because the government's ac- 
tions have so fouled the at- 
mosphere, it would have to do 
much more than we suggested 
some months ago before black 
leaders went into the same room 
with it to negotiate. Abolition of 
the Population Registration Act 
and the Group Areas Act, two 
fundamental pillars of apartheid, 
would almost certainly have to be 
repealed to re-establish a climate 
for negotiation. 

Quite apart from the moral 
arguments in favour of effective 
action against Pretoria. Bririain 
should act out of its own self- 
interest. If Britain, the US and 
West Germany — South Africa's 
biggest trading partners - continue 
their present policies, the black 
leaders will conclude that they 
have no effective support from the 
West and are on their own. They 
will have only one option left: a 
frill-scale guerrilla war. In such a 
conflict, moderation would be 
swept aside. Women and children 
would become prime targets for 
attack. Terror would be answered 
by terror. Every community, every 
form, would demand constant 

Malcolm Fraser, former 
Australian prime 
minister and a member 
of the Commonwealth 
Eminent Persons Group 
on South Africa, 
argues that Pretoria’s 
intransigence leaves 
concerted outside 
pressure as the 
only course now open 
to avoid a black-white 
bloodbath which would 
seriously harm Britain 

protection. As in similar wars in 
South-east Asia, military strength 
■would be disisi pated. Numbers 
would win in the end. but only 
after great loss of life and destruc- 
tion. W© were not using hyper- 
boles in our report when we said 
that millions would be killed. 

The government that emerged 
from all this would be extremely 
radical, probably Marxist, and 
would nationalize all western 
business interests. For Britain 
there would be an additional loss: 
the destruction of the Common- 
wealth, or the Commonwealth 
continuing without it, and the 
likely loss of uade with the rest of 
Africa. The British economy 
would suffer its most damaging 
blow since the Second World War. 
The legacy would haunt the 
Conservative Party for years to 

What other course is there? 
Quiet diplomacy, constructive 
engagement and gentle reason 
have failed. Blacks in South Africa 
are now in a worse condition than 
five or six years ago. The view that 
the South African government 

does not respond to pressure is 
incorrect. The Afrikaner has , 
shifted, course only as a result of 
pressure, often severe pressure. 
Britain, above all, must know that 
as a result of its long relationship 
with South Africa. 

The only type of pressure 
suggested so far ts sanctions. They 
need lb be severe to stir foe white 
business community to action. 
The bigness community has gen- 
erally left politics to the Afrikaner, 
and that is a large part of the 
problem. Businessmen must be- 
come more involved if they are to 
preserve anything of the highest 
white', standards of living in the 

As a minimum, air links and 
consular facilities should be ter- 
minated, financial restrictions 
made more severe and an import 
ban imposed on South African 
coal, iron and steel products, 
uranium and agricultural prod- 
ucts. This could be more easily 
policed than a ban on the export of 
general merchanise to South Af- 

There can be no' guarantee that 
such measures will work, but they 
have a reasonable dance of 
success and they represent the 
only remaining opportunity for 
the West to avert disaster. Some 
still argue that sanctions would 
hurt blacks and therefore should 
not be used. Overwhelmingly 
black leaders we met wanted die 
West to impose sanctions if the 
government was not prepared to 
negotiate. In any event, the harm 
to blacks would be very much less 
than that to all people in South 
Africa inflicted by a long guerrilla 

The EEC decision to consider 
the matter again in three months 
could be too late. The time for 
action is now. 

QTfcBM Nawspapm, «■. 

Roger Boyes on Jaruzelski’s failure to discern the need for change 

Poland’s great paralysis 


"Comrades,” said the communist 
from Cracow, “how many of you 
sent your children to first 
communion?” The response was 
sheepish. Many of the local party 
leadership had indeed confirmed 
their sons and daughters in the 
Roman Catholic Church but only, 
as some hasten to add. because of 
pressure from their wives. 

To hardline Marxists this recent 
incident is a fresh sign that the 
Polish Communist Party is under- 
going a crisis of faith. The party, 
they believe, has prostrated itself 
before the goddess Pragma, is 
fuzzy about Lenin and unclear 
about what it stands for. 

This week the party is holding 
its first congress since the Solidar- 
ity era and the Jaruzelski leader- 
ship will be answering the 
grumblers. Enemies will be identi- 
fied — Solidarity, Washington, ra- 
dical priests — new goals set 
(economic efficiency, brave new 
technical horizons) and a new 
politburo. even more strongly 
connected to Jaruzelski, elected. 

The real problem of the Polish 
Communists though is not ideo- 
logical (should we be tougher on 
the church, more aggressive to- 
wards private boutique owners 
etc) but rather one of self-con- 
fidence. Jaruzelski has guided the 
party through the see-saw of 
Solidarity, through the trauma of 
martial law. through factional in- 
fighting and into a state of 
narcoleptic calm normally asso- 
ciated with gurus on mountains. 
But the party has been too busy 
discrediting Solidarity to take in 
some of that era’s more obvious 
lessons, above all about inter- 
party democracy. In reaction to 
crisis it has centralized rather than 
devolved authority. To show itself 
strong it has excluded critics; to 
demonstrate (to Moscow for 
example) that it speaks with one 
voice, it has silenced others. 

The result is a stagnant party. It 
is admittedly recovering more 
quickly than some of its sister 
parties in the eastern bloc (includ- 
ing the Soviet Union) but many 
newcomers are the socialist 
equivalent of "yuppies” con- 
cerned with using the party as a 
vehicle for advancement. 

The party lost a million mem- 
bers between August 1980 and 
December 1982 as a result of 

resignations and expulsions. 
Membership now stands at about 
2-2 million, but it has not really 
replaced in quality what it lost 
during the worst crisis years. In 
1984 members aged between 18 
and 29 — the Solidarity and post- 
Solidarity generation — formed 
only 1 1 per cent of membership, 
and their percentage is now even 
lower. In some industrial prov- 
inces party membership is falling. 
Participation in local party meet- 
ings is lukewarm and it is often 
hard to find suitable candidates 
for medium-ranking posts. 

The party’s solution to this is 
typical of its current policy. It is 
proposing to change the statutes 
which forbid party officials from 
holding office for more than two 
terms, that is ten years. The idea of 
the original statute was to limit the 
number of full-time party or- 
ganizers, a laudable aim. But the 
effect has been to scare off top 
flight professionals — doctors, en- 
gineers, lawyers — who would suf- 
fer from a 10-year interruption in 

their careers. Nobody wants to 
take over these time-consuming' 
jobs. Now Jaruzelski will try to 
extend their terms of office to well 
beyond 10 years and make guar- 
antees for their future. 

While the middle ranks dwin- 
dle, Jaruzelski goes from strength 
to strength. He has no obvious 
challenger and whatever com- 
plaints may be heard at the 
congress the line will stay the 
same: limited economic reform 
concentrating 90 greater ef- 
ficiency, productivity and exports, 
accompanied by a strong but not 
over-Draconian security policy. 

Jaruzelski supporters think that 
this is the best thing that could 
have been done for the party; there 
is no political crisis and "norm- 
alization” — the state of induced 
calm — is more intelligently pur- 
sued than in Czechoslovakia. 
There are no disgraced Polish 
party historians stoking boilers or 
washing dishes. Jaruzelski’s men 
believe that if and when they can 
show economic results — above 

all improvements in living stan- 
dards - then the party will re- 
cover in the middle ranks. A 
successful party will inevitably 
attract young, talented people. 

That is the theory. But the 
paralyzing legacy of martial law, 
when the party was pushed rudely 
aside, is a hard one. How to 
convince it that h should be 
initiating economic policy, stim- 
ulating change, when the most 
important steps are hatched at the 
top, often secretly? Many party 
members would like to have a say 
in whether, for example, there 
should be a new amnesty for 
political prisoners. They would 
also have liked to have known in 
advance about the imposition of 
martial law. 

Those who argue for greater 
discussion, greater democracy and 
collaboration between grassroots 
party cells — rather than the con- 
stant shunt of information from 
top to bottom and approval from 
bottom to top — are out in the 
cold. The former Poznan party 
chief! displaced against the null of 
his local committee (and therefore 
violating a basic party regulation), 
was sent to Nigeria. The former 
Gdansk party boss, who agreed 
with Solidarity about the need to 
overhaul bureaucracy, was sent to 
the Polish embassy in Helsinki. 
Others, less prominent, were ex- 
pelled from the party. 

The sad feature of this congress, 
which has been carefully choreo- 
graphed, is that the only source of 
pressure on Jaruzelski comes from 
hardliners. These true believers 
see enemies closing in, like Mac- 
beth watching Dunsinane. Jaru- 
zelski is stealing their clothes: 
rounding up Solidarity, attacking 
America, accusing Nato of perm- 
eating Poland with spies, keeping 
the church at anus length, 
complaining about rebel priests. 
Fighting talk that leads nowhere. 
Mikhail Gorbachov, watching 
from the Warsaw rostrum, can be 
well satisfied: Poland is quiet 
again. But Poland, unlike every 
other Soviet bloc country, has- 
lived through the shock of the 
Solidarity years. 

Poland wants peace and quiet, 
yes, but not silence. The country 
needs candour, as man needs 
oxygen; the people have the right 
to demand this from a party which 
claims to lead the Polish nation. 

Schools: common sense in short supply 

The teachers’ pay dispute has 
drawn attention to a fundamental 
problem: that in their five years at 
secondary school, pupils spend an 
average of one and a half terms 
with stand-in teachers. 

Every year, more than 10 per 
cent of teachers are absent because 
of illness or bereavement or for 
professional reasons such as 
attending training courses or lead- 
ing school trips. Local authority 
arrangements for providing sub- 
stitutes — or “supply” teachers, as 
they are called — are unsystematic 
and inadequate. As a result for 
one class in every ten a secondary 
school pupil can expect to have a 
poorly briefed teacher, unfamiliar 
with how the school operates and 
with little or no expertise in the 
subject to be taught 

All curriculum planning, all 
school administration, and all 
aspirations for improving educa- 
tion assume that the pupil's own 
teacher will be present throughout 
the school year. Moreover, the 
pupil-teacher relationship in sub- 
jects such as English, mathematics 
and the humanities is now seen as 
more important than the use of 

Modern education increasingly 
involves teachers in activities 
outside the classroom. Apart from 
invigilating examinations in other 
schools, attending courses, or 

council committee work there are 
school activities such as educa- 
tional visits, interviewing new 
pupils and pupil counselling. In 
each case teaching is left to others. 

The true extern of teacher 
absence is unknown. My figures 
are based on a study of teacher 
absence from service by the Inner 
London Education Authority. Ab- 
sence from timetabled teaching 
has been completely ignored — by 
the Department of Education, 
local authorities and unions. 

Schools cope with teacher ab- 
sence by expecting other staff to 
fill in during their own non- 
teaching time and by bringing in 
supply leathers. Neither is 
satisfactory- Supply teachers are 
paid on a daily basis at the rate of a 
full-time teacher’s salary. A 
supply teacher may take on the foil 
timetable of someone on extended 
absence or handle different prob- 
lems in different schools from day 
to day. In general, local education 
authorities deride a budget and 
draw up a “supply” panel of 
teachers who telephone each 
morning to see if they are needed. 
But busy education offices often 
do not have the time or the 
teachers on call to match the 
schools* needs with the available 

Supply teaching, hated by pupils 
and teachers alike, is the greatest 

planning flaw in our education 
system. Other aspects of school 
planning — from the number of 
chips a school orders to the 
number of urinals built or even 
the number of teachers on the 
staff — are simply supplied 
according to need, but an estimate 
of supply teaching has never been 

Absence rates, whether for per- 
sonal or professional reasons, 
should be suictlv monitored. For 
absence due to illness or other 
personal reasons, education 
authorities should negotiate with 
the unions on the proportion of 
cover by supply teachers. Limits 
on education authority funding 
orevent all such absence being 
covered in this way. Covering for 
authorized absence must also be 
controlled — otherwise schools 
will continue to find interesting 
things for teachers and pupils to 
do which require cover. So every 
year head teachere should be 
allocated a specific number of 
days per pupil when they would be 
guaranteed supply-teacher cover. 
They can then decide bow best to 
make use of those days. 

Teaching unions are concerned 
more with the occasions on which 
cover is required than the amount - 
For example, they insist that any 
absence of more than three days 
must be covered by a supply 

teacher. This limits a schoofs 
ability to match the right teacher 
to the right subject class. 

Teachers must agree to provide 
cover for a certain number of 
dasses during a colleague’s ab- 
sence, irrespective of the reason 
for absents or its duration. For 
this to work, LEAs need a new 
approach to cover based on need 
and not arbitrarily budgeted for as 
at present. 

Teachers for supply work are 
hard to get because of poor 
working conditions and no career 
structure. Their work is rarely if 
ever inspected. Nor are they given 
proper guidance. Tbejobhastobe 
made more satisfying, giving them 
both status and a career in the 
school system. They should have 
induction courses and regular in- 
service training. Schools should 
brief them adequately and link 
supply teachers with specific 
schools on a long-term basis. 

The ILEA has two groups of 
specialist teachers for use in 
emergencies — in science and 
craft design and technology — 
who are based at teachers' centres 
and have their own allowance 
structure. Such schemes could be 
extended to the supply teacher 
force generally. 

Michael Marland 

Cultivating the 

* r.t* 

American cousins, visiting Lon- 
don, have been fuelling my dis- 
content with the way to®! 
.democracy works in Britain. 

The husband is director of parks 
and recreation in a small town m 
Florida. How small is smaliTWeil, 
about 18.000 people. 18 , 000 ?*™ 
exclaim in astonishment — that s 
tiny, the size of a fair-sized English 
parish council or two wards of a 
London borough. Besides pare* 
and recreation, the city runs its 
own police, fire, street cleaning 
and garbage collection services 
and nyrin t? 1 !** all but major roads. 
There are five elected politicians 
who appoint the city manager 
(currently a woman) who runs the 
show: die earns S 4 5,000 a year. 

Education? No that’s the school 
board, a larger unit which runs 35 
schools in an area, of 200,000 
population. It too is directly 
elected, again with five members, 
who appoint the school 
superintendent (57 5.000 a year). 
In recognition of their onerous, 
though part-time, duties, mem- 
bers of the board are paid $20,000 
a year. 

How much does party praitics 
enter into it? Not at all. No, really 
(in response to our incredulity). So 
any concerned parent or ordinary 
citizen can stand on the basis of 
his or her own record? Thai’s 
right. In fact my cousin had been 
very active in his own children's 
high school and had been pressed 
to stand. What, even though be 
was a senior dty official — was 
that allowed? The question 
seemed to surprise. The two 
bodies were quite separate. 

Both he and his wife had been 
campaigning for a School Board 
proposition recently put to the 
voters — to float a bond of 
$1 12 million for a school building 
and improvement programme, 
the improvements to include the 
completion of 100 per cent air- 
conditioning of all schools. (WelL 
I suppose that is not really a 
luxury in Florida.) The campaign 
had been a triumph, with 72 per 
cent in favour. 

As he spoke, 1 heard mentally 
the thud of heavy volumes of 
received wisdom hitting the dusL 
Reddiffe-Maud, Herbert, Widd- 
icombe . . . Basic tenets of British 
local govenment theory started 
looking distinctly shaky, viz: 

• That communities of fewer than 
20.000 cannot be trusted to decide 
anything more important than the 
placing of litter-bins. 

• That an education authority is 
not "viable” unless it contains at 
least 50 schools, preferably far 

• That party politics /will always 
intrude into any electoral process. 

• That any elected body must 
consist of more than 20 people. 

• That there is something inher- 
ently improper in being a senior 
administrator on one body and an 
elected member of another. 

• That allowing local determina- 

tion of espial spenttinj ">■# 

the national m 

is seven basic 

stall Is there nothing eetm tn 

^OfcraSe things 

here - money for a 

cannot be many 

whose ratepayTrawuW^ 1 ”^ 

well-paid bureaucw^hogftf oya 

chief executive at £30000 as tar 

and service th«r sha 5f ltl f,.£ 
£75.000 debt at the same um& Ill 1 
afl verv wefl for booming! Frond*- 
one might comment- *»*!““*[ 
about downtown Boston 
York? And Britain s censer 
population, with fewer dear natu- 
S boundaries, makes local auton- 
omy more difficult. . 

But is it not a strange 
thai the country that invented the 
skyscraper and the 
and has turned the adjective 
“jumbo-sized" into a unique 
iog point, has none the less 
invested so heavily in miniature 
democracy? Or indeed that in a 
land where few towns have more 
than a few score years of history, 
and only a handful of residents 
can claim inherited focal mem* 
ones, civic pride flourishes. Our 
Town, they say. unselfcon- 

And is it not further odd that, in 

a nation where party politics have 
as dirty a reputation as anywhere 
else in the world, some important 
democratic processes are left 
apparently uninfected by it? 

Is there something for ms to 
team? Local government reform 
has been foe bane of our lives this 
century and foe prospect of yet 
another reorganization raises 
nothing but a groan. But the 
philosophy of regionalism is run- 
ning strong in all foe opposition 
parties and so it is possible that we 
are in for another round before the 
century ts out. 

If that happens, why shouldn't 
we use it as foe opportunity for a 
radical experiment? Below the 
level of the present districts - well 
below the proposed regions — let 
ns take a few selected commu- 
nities of around 20.000 (you 
would need your Little Pudd- 
ImgLons as wed as your Min- 
ingtowns, your Brixtons as well as 
your South Kensingtons). Give 
them a considerable dutch of 
powers, including capital spending 
subject only to a referendum. And 
let each be ran by a directly elected 
board of no more than five, paid a 
proper salary. (And of course — 
forgive me this plug — they 
would have to be eletied by foe 
single transferable vote for there to 
beany hope of true representative- 

Then light foe blue touch-paper 
and retire: It might be a sensation. 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 

Peter Jones 

A pig by any 
other noise 

Pigs, as all Englishmen know, go 
"oink". Bui if you try to strike up a 
conversation with a pig in Den- 
mark by going “oink”, it will stare 
at you with a wild surmise. For 
pigs there go "knori\ throwing m 
doubt foe whole question of 
exactly what sort of animal pro- 
vides our Danish bacon. 

A quick European survey will 
reveal the wide range of dif- 
ferences in noises that cats, dogs, 
pigs, horses, cocks, cows and owls 
mate in foe varying EEC coun- 
tries. Urgent questions at once 
spring to mind: 

• How can you be sure, when you 
are in Germany, that the animal 
going “prrrh” actually is a horse? 
Surely, it's cats that go “prrrh”. 

• Should animals taken abroad be 
retrained to speak foe lingo? It 
would be a pretty fruitless tide for 
a British cock, trained to say 
“cock-a-doodlc-do”, to try to en- 
gage in meaningful and ongoing 
dialogue with its Dutch counter- 
part going “kukeleku". 

• Is there enough evidence about 
linguistic distinctions to justify foe 
EEC setting up a commission? 
And if there is, should it take 
regional and dialect variations 
into account? 

Let us suppose that the modern 
evidence can be gathered and the 
distinctions tightly drawn. We 
should now add comparative ev- 
idence from foe more ancient 
languages. We know, for example, 
that Greek frogs went “brekekekex 
koax koax” and Greek dogs went 
“au au". There was even a 
grunting fish, sacred to Hermes, 
the boax (genus box boopsj, but we 
are given no hint of the sort of 
grunt it made: 

Suetonius has left us pages of 

atin nampc fnr animal inniul. 

Having acquainted, ourselves with 
them (grunnire — to grunt of pigs; 
mu&rc — to moo, of cows; 
baubare — to - bait)- we are in a 
position to make one of foe most 
important linguistic discoveries of 
all lime, one which should have 
the most serious implications for 
animal studies; by applying foe 
laws of comparative philology, we 
should be able to determine 
roughly what noise the original 
Indo-European ancestors of all 
our animals made. 

To jog the memory. Similarities 
in languages can be accounted for 
by supposing that they all devel- 
oped by a continuous process of 
change from a prehistoric (un- 
written) common ancestor, called 
conventionally “Indo-European” 
(IE). The “Indo-” gets in because 

Sanskrit shares its common an- 
cestry. Thus one can show that IE 
for “three" was "treies (hypotheti- 
cal words are prefixed by *). 
Interestingly, if one works back 
modern Italian by the laws of 
comparative philology, one ends 
up not with classical Latin, but 
with vulgar (Le. common, or- 
dinary) Latin — the language of 
foe proles. “Testa” (It- "head”, cf. 
French “tete") derives not from 
classical caput, but from the slang 
testa, “Tile” 

Let us therefore take foe first, 
tonering steps in what is bound to 
become an exciting new disci- 
pline- English “woof” would de- 
rive from Proto-Germanic "wufoz, 
IE *uupos. That would give proto- 
Greek *wupos, Attic *hupos, and 
at once we see foe connection we 
are looking for. The Attic Greek 
nupo means “under” (c£ hypo- 
dermic, going under the skin). And 
then we find that the Gothic for 
“under” is — u£ Clearly, we are 
home and dry. The very earliest 
dogs were underdogs. The sociol- 
ogy of the dog will have to be re- 
written. But we have a further 
fascinating possibility — that foe 
dog learned to say “woof” in 
faithful imitation of its master 
saying “under!" or “down!”, as 
-we should put it. 

Italians sneeze “ecci eocT. Now 
etche is the Basque for home. 
What possible connection can 
Jerete between sneezing and 
home? It is well known that there 
was in the ancient world a dear 
connection between sneezing and 
good luck. Given foe hazardous 
nature of travel, I wonder if one 
could find evidence of travellers 
sneezing for luck in order to get 
safely home!? Perhaps they not 

— : — - -ucu ubv 

got back, but also sneezed at it? 
Tne returning Athenian tyrant 
nippias sneezed at foe ground and 
snot a tooth into it in foe process, 
but this was taken as a bad 
omen -that was as much of 
Athens as he would get a hold on 
(correct, too). I now propose that 
he sneezed intentionally. 

incorporates and prc- 
? e hlsl ory of foe tribe. Its 
study throws fight on its whole 
histonco-sociological conglomer- 
ate - institutions, technology, 
diet, flora, soda! structure etc. 
Tnis new Zdophonetischenachfor- 
xhung enables us to study foe 
peat migrations, conquests, in- 
novations and interrelationships 
that have come 


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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 



The General Synod, which 
meets at the end of the week, 
determined in 1975 that the 
Church of England saw no 
fundamental objection to 
women priests. That placed an 
unfortunate halt to a theologi- 
cal jugument that should have 
been going on ever since if 
opponents and supporters of 
women's ordination were to be 
reconciled. With a Church 
crisis of historic proportions 
fast approaching, the theologi- 
cal component must be 
reintroduced into the argu- 

At its most convincing, the 
case against women priests 
rests on four propositions. The 
first is that Jesus's selection of 
12 males as his apostles in- 
dicated a deliberate choice not select females. Men were to 
be his representatives - his 
priestly ministers — after his 
departure. The second is that 
St Paul's disapproval of 
women in authority over men 
in the church was, and is, 
normative for the church to- 
day, and is in fact pan of the 
natural order. The third is that 
the unbroken tradition of 
2,000 years is binding - a 
verdict with which Rome and 
Constantinople agree. And the 
fourth is that the Christian 
priesthood is related to gender 
as a symbolic (indeed, sacra- 
mental) indication of truths 
about God’s relationship to 

Strdng though the case may 
look, to controvert it is not an 
impossibility. Jesus did not, 
for instance, select any non- 
Jews; yet the church quickly 
realised that this had no lasting 
significance. St Paul faced St 
Peter at Jerusalem over it, and 
won. Circumcision, the mark 
of conversion to Judaism, was 
not to be required of Chris- 

Had Jesus chosen women, 
moreover, he would have been 
acting' so contrary to the 
culture in which He lived that 
it would have distracted atten- 

tion from his real purpose. The 
disciples lived rough. Jewish 
regulations on relations be- 
tween the sexes were strict. 
And so on. Then, if Paul was 
right about circumcision (and 
Peter wrong), might not Paul 
himself have been merely 
reflecting the values of a male- 
dominated culture when he 
told women to keep their 
customary place? (He also told 
them to cover their heads; but 
no-one makes an issue out of 
that) Likewise, 2.000 years of 
unbroken tradition is not de- 
cisive. For almost all that time 
Christianity thought slavery 
was permissible, too. 

• Finally, the symbolic 
“maleness” of God, and the 
actual maleness of Jesus, are 
only relevant to the gender of 
the priesthood if the priest has 
to stand as Their personal 
representative in his manhood 
as well as in his humanity. 
Why isn’t his humanity suf- 
ficient? If it is, why isn’t the 
humanity of a woman suf- 
ficient too? 

Theological supporters of 
female ordination go on to 
argue that a priest must 
equally stand as a personal 
representative of all the hu- 
man race — which means both 
sexes of it. A single-sex priest- 
hood is therefore defective 
both in itself and as a teaching. 
If men may represent women, 
but not • women men, there 
must be something inadequate 
about women, something, as 
Aquinas appeared to think, 
missing Thus does the church 
powerfully compound a social 

Have, then, the supporters 
of womens’ ordination not 
only upset the presumption 
against them, but established 
the contrary one? Not entirely. 
For the theological confronta- 
tion is bedevilled by un- 
certainty about the priesthood 
itself — uncertainty about 
whether this or that symbol is 
intended or accidental, passing 
or permanent It might be 

useful to start the argument 
again at a different point 

That point might well be the 
growing consensus among 
Christian theologians of aU 
schools and denominations 
that priesthood is a primary' 
characteristic of the whole 
church. Within this priestly 
work, the one fundamentally 
characteristic action — what 
makes Christianity itself and 
not something else — is the 
celebration of the Eucharist 
The priestly People of God, 
men and women, are led by 
their representative, who is 
also the representative of 
Christ Himself, in their 
commemoration and 
participation in Christ's pas- 
sion, death and new life. 

Can they do that, if the 
representative is female? Or is 
it an obstacle to their doing it 
and to their understanding of 
what they are doing? Or could 
it, in reverse, reveal the mys- 
tery even better? 

Those questions depend for 
their answers on both con- 
scious and subconscious recog- 
nition, the intuitive as well as 
the intellectual. The con- 
ditional solution is this: if 
those forms of representation 
can as effectively be done by a 
woman as by a man, then 
women can and should be 
ordained. But if at some level 
or layer of human perception 
and understanding that repre- 
sentativeness cannot — or 
perhaps cannot yet — be 
fulfilled by a woman, then the 
church would be making a 

The Church of England is 
perhaps close to satisfying 
itself that the former is the 
truer account of its members' 
state of mind and heart. But it 
would be a judgement more 
confidently made if the fun- 
damental argument had been 
sustained beyond 1975, in- 
stead of these deep matters 
being decided by calculations 
of an essentially superficial 
character, matters of tactics, 
voting majorities, and threats. 



Last week Irish voters rejected 
a proposed constitutional 
amendment in . favour of lim- 
ited civil divorce by a decisive 
majority. The size of this 
defeat, which was not antici- 
pated until shortly before poll- 
ing. has implications for the 
future of Dr. Garrett 
FitzGerald’s “constitutional 
crusade”, his precarious co- 
alition, the balance between 
Church and State in one of 
Europe's most devout Roman 
Catholic countries — and for 
relations between the two parts 
of Ireland. 

Dr.FitzGerald and his Min- 
isters claimed in the campaign 
that they were in a “’no-win” 
position: if they lost. Unionists 
in the North would claim 
confirmation of their worst 
fears about a priest-ridden 
Republic. If the amendment 
passed, Unionists would take 
no notice. 

This was disingenuous. 
Dr.FitzGerald is on record as 
describing changes of the kind 
just unsuccessfully attempted 
as essential to the task of 
altering Unionist attitudes to- 
wards the South. And he was 
correct. There are good rea- 
sons for introducing divorce in 
Ireland which have nothing to 
do with Northern Ireland, but 
the referendum was one of a 
series of moves long-planned 
by Dr.FitzGerald to make the 
Irish Republic a congenial 

destination for non-Catholics. 

His reasoning was not that 
the Ulster Protestants are keen 
advocates of divorce for its 
own sake. Far from it But in 
common, for once, with other 
sections of British opinion, 
they recognise that opposition 
to civil divorce is a symptom 
of that old-fashioned Catholic 
triumphalism which, when it 
dominates a society, takes too 
narrow a view of the civil and 
religious rights of other citi- 
zens. While the introduction 
of legal divorce might not have 
had much effect in the North, 
its rejection will have an 
impact because it seems to 
confirm Unionist beliefs about 
the meaning of Home Rule. 

And, indeed, it does tell us 
something — though some- 
thing more complicated — 
about the priorities of South- 
erners. Many Irish people 
support, with greatly varying 
intensity, the idea that the two 
parts of Ireland should be 
united and independent of 
Britain. If this (or anything 
approaching it) is ever to be 
realised peacefully, it will only 
be when the society of the 
South is as attractive as pos- 
sible to the people of the 
North. Last Thursday’s vote is 
the clearest possible indication 
that enhancing such 
attractivenesss is a very low- 
ranking hem on the Irish 
national agenda. 

A few brave Irish politicians 
have suggested that South- 
erners should admit the hypoc- 
risy - of their desire for 
reunification since they are not 
prepared to pay any price for it 
and may no longer seriously 
want it except at the level of an 
agreeable daydream. Perhaps 
the claim to the North should 
be reclassified as — to borrow 
Dr.Conor Cruise O’Brien's un- 
kind phrase — a “low-intensity 

Voices like these are usually 
hushed by louder and more 
numerous ones in favour of 
the traditional pieties. A 
significant section of the Irish 
political establishment be- 
lieves, in effect, that a high- 
imensity nationalist aspiration 
is compatible with a country 
whose social law admits al- 
most no religious plurality. 
The referendum result ex- 
presses this attitude all too 
plainly. But it is a contradic- 
tion in terms. 

Ultimately the Irish people 
must choose between striving 
for the ideal ofa united Ireland 
and preserving a Catholic 
social state. Dr.FitzGerald ob- 
viously prefers the former. He 
deserves credit for trying to get 
his people to face up to this 
choice and work out what they 
want. As it turns out, however, 
what they want is not what he 


% In the last two years, India, 
seen from abroad, has been 
chained to a single phrase: ‘The 
problems of Punjab". These 
problems have brought waves 
of terrorist violence, moments 
of sectarian butchery, and 
even the possibility of seces- 
sion and civil war. Moments of 
hope — when the influence of 
reconciliation and sound com- 
mon sense was briefly in the 
ascendant — did not last. 

This month India experi- 
enced another serious dis- 
appointment. On the 21st, 

■ Chandigarh was to have been 
• transferred to Punjab as its 
sole capital, ending two de- 
cades of dispute with 
neighbouring Haryana over its 
ownership. The Sikh cry for 
Chandigarh — the main de- 
mand of the AkaJi Dal, the 
moderate Sikh political party 
— has long acquired symbolic 
$5 . significance. Its possession has 
1 heroine a test of fair treatment 
which Sikhs apply to their 
position in India. A commit- 
ment to- hand it over this 
January. formed part of the 
July iggs peace ‘accord be- 
tweeh tiie -AkaHs and Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi; foOureto do so led to 

the crisis this year. 

The transfer of Chandigarh 
would therefore have been a 
critical step forward. But at the 
eleventh hour it was post- 
poned because compensation 
for Haryana could not be 
agreed. The Akalis had agreed 
in principle to hand over 
70,000 acres, but only two 
thirds of this could be identi- 
fied in lime. The choice which 
Mr Gandhi laced was either to 
proceed with the transfer and 
make good Haryana’s shortfall 
at some later date, or to 
postpone the entire deal again. 

Neither option was cost free. 
The former would have an- 
gered Hindu chauvinists in 
Haryana and further under- 
mined the already bleak elec- 
toral prospects of the. Congress 
Party in that state. With 
elections due in Haryana next 
year, Mr Gandhi, it seems, 
chose to incur the costs of 

These, however, could turn 
out io be greater in the long 
run. A second failure to trans- 
fer Chandigarh will erode the 
position of moderate Sikhs in 
Punjab whom the Prime Min- 
ister supports against ex- 

tremists now openly calling for 
secession. At the same time it 
will strengthen the dissidents 
within the Akali ranks, who 
want a higher price for peace 
than Chandigarh. Worst of all. 
it may have given militant 
Hindu organisations the im- 
pression that if they can only 
frighten enough Congress 
members, Mr.Gandhi may yet 
renege altogether on his 
committments to Punjab. 

At the time of the July 1 985 
peace accord, Mr Gandhi re- 
alized that India's Sikhs felt a 
sense of injury which could 
only be appeased with con- 
cessions. He accordingly ac- 
cepted their demands in large 
-measure. If politics within his 
party, within the Hindu 
community and even within 
the Sikhs themselves, has now 
intervened, yielding to such 
interests will undermine not 
only the accord, but perhaps 
his own credibility as well. 
Standing by his commitments 
still gives him the best hope of 
restoring peace to Punjab. And 
that, when “the problems of 
Punjab” are the problem of 
India, nuisi be his first con- 

Rising tide of 

From Mr David Fisher 
Sir. You reported (June 2 6) that 
according to the Child Poverty 
Action Group and the Low Pay 
Unit ihere has been “a startling 
increase” in poverty since 1979. 
Certainly this increase can be 
clearly seen in the rising numbers 
of homeless people. 

In 1978. 53,000 households 
were officially accepted by local 
authorities as being homeless in 
England; in 1985 the figure was 
94,000. i.And even these figures 
seriously underestimate the real 
scale of) the homeless problem. 
They refer only to the number of 
households accepted as homeless 
under the provisions of the Hous- 
ing (Homeless Persons) Act 1977. 
In practice this means that they 
are confined to families with 
children, expectant mothers and 
elderly or "vulnerable” single 
people. They ignore the majority 
of single homeless people and 
childless couples. 

In the first half ofl984, nation- 
ally. less than half the 89,000 
households recorded as homeless 
applicants were accepted by local 
authorities as in the “priority 
need" category of those with a 
right to re-housing under the Act 
Many other homeless people not 
prioritized by the Act never even 
approach their local council. 

Although exart figures for the 
number of people actually forced 
to sleep rough on our streets are 
virtually impossible to calculate, 
the Simon Community, which 
works among rough sleepers in 
London, is in no doubt that this 
number has also increased. There 
are especially many more young 
homeless people having to sleep 
out We estimate that the number 
of people sleeping rough in Lon- 
don alone is now well over 1 0.000. 

Homelessness has increased 
since 1979 and we believe that 
recent Government proposals are 
only going to make the situation 
worse. For example, the board and 
lodging limits will affect thou- 
sands of young unemployed peo- 
ple. Between 1984 and 1985 the 
number of hotels in London 
charging below the DHSS limits 
has dropped by two thirds and 
only one hotel in three below the 
limits is likely to have any 

The Government's “care in the 
community” programme, with the 
closure of large psychiatric hos- 
pitals and also the closure of 
resettlement units, will also have 
the effect of making more people 

Whilst we still struggle with our 
social problems today, we are 
planting the seeds of poverty for 

Yours faithfully, 


The 5imon Community, 

Si Joseph’s House, 

129 Malden Road, NW5- 

Role of warships 

From the Hydrographer of the 

Sir. In his letter of June 23 Dr T. J. 
G. Francis states that “no British 
oceanographic ship has operated 
in the eastern Indian Ocean or the 
West Pacific in the last thirty 
years”. While this statement may 
be correct if the term “British 
oceanographic ship” is confined to 
vessels operated under the aegis of 
the Institute of Oceanographic 
Sciences, it is certainly not correct 
if the definition is drawn more 

Ignoring the question of 
whether “showing the flag” is one 
of a warship's primary tasks in 
peacetime, the record needs to be 
set straight for at least one class of 
ship who habitually combine 
hydrographic and oceanographic 
research with “showing the flag” — 

1 refer, of course, to the ships of 
the Royal Navy’s Surveying Ser- 

There has been an almost 
continuous presence in Far East- 
ern waters since the years follow- 
ing World War II - HMS 
Dam pier from 1948 to 1967. HMS 
Cook from 1957to 1 963 and HMS 
Hydra from 1969 to 1976. 

These ships not only gathered 
valuable scientific data, but also 
made a positive contribution to 
British presence throughout the 
south-west Pacific, most notably 
when HMS Hydra attended the 
Fiji independence celebrations in 
1974 with HRH the Prince of 
Wales embarked. 

HM surveying ships continue to 
maintain a presence far beyond 
our own home waters as HMS 
Hydra's recent activity in support 
of the South Yemen evacuation 

Yours etc. 


Ministry of Defence. 

Lacon House. 

Theobalds Road, WC1. 

Deep waters 

From Mr D. P. Barrett 
Sir, In his pleasant article on travel 
in Knoydart (June 14) your 
comribuior Andrew Billen has 
wrongly identified Lochs Nevis 
and Hourn as the Lochs of Hell 
and Heaven respectively. Far 
from it Nevis is Heaven, and is 
cognate with nef (Welsh), neamh 
(Irish) and nebo (Russian). The 
etymology of Houm escapes me, 
but with a choice of two . . . 

May we hope that, when the bell 
that tolls for us all comes to toll for 
Mr Billen, the authorities who 
direct these matters will take a 
tolerant view. 

Yours faithfully, 


4 Battledown Mead, 

Baitiedown, Cheltenham. 

A new geography for employment 

From Mr Ian H'esion Smith 
Sir. May l suggest that Ronald 
Butt's article (June 19). where he 
points the way to new “enterprise 
culture" investment in the 
stricken regions of the North, 
deserves careful attention. 

In our working party report for 
Aims of Industry (Towards a New 
Philosophy for Employment ) we 
put the case for a “broad-based 
working party to study and plan 
the future of these communities 
with a time horizon of 20 years”. 
Surely now is the moment for the 
Government to set up such a 
working party and to include Mr 
Butt's proposals in their terms of 

There is some encouraging 
background which can already be 
taken into account — e.g.. Sir 
Charles Vilfiers’ British Steel 
Industries* above-average success 
rate in the creation of new small 
businesses in the communities 
formerly dominated by steel; also 
John Redwood’s most helpful 
analysis of the geography of 

The latter shows that the 
successful creation of jobs is very’ 
largely due to vitality and 
imagination among the people of a 
community and that its proximity 
to the run-down areas of the 1 9th 
century is not necessarily in any 
way an inhibiting fanor. 

An important matter is. of 
course, mobility. Young men and 
women are at present prevented 
from moving to areas where there 
are vacancies for their skills by the 
absence of accommodation which 
they can rent. There are derelict 
areas in the South { not requiring 

green belt paving stones) which 
could quickly be covered by the 
private sector with dwellings for 
this vitally important market. 
Surely this subject is another 
essentia) reference for such a 
working party? 

A stream of young people 
moving successfully away from 
the afflicted areas must stimulate 
the imagination of those who, for 
their own reasons, are determined 
to remain. 

There is another large potential 
advantage in a strenuous effort to 
revive enterprise investment in 
the North. Manufacturing in- 
dustry would, I feel, react with 
enthusiasm to such an imagi- 
native attempt to grapple with a 
legacy which inevitably pricks the 
conscience, thus helping to mend 
fences with a Government which 
appears to have too little under- 
standing for the underlying anxi- 
eties of Lord Aldington's report 
and rather too much enthusiasm 
for a service sector, tbe growth of 
which, in the long term, always 
needs healthy manufacturing in- 
dustry to sustain it. 

As far as pay restraint is 
concerned. I fear that the 
Chancellor’s exhortations are as a 
voice crying in the wilderness. 
Having liberated the spirit of 
independence with a hearty rub of 
Thatcher capitalism you cannot 
simply stuff the genie back into the 

Yours faithfully, 


The Old Rectory. 

Hinton WaldrisL 
Faringdon, Oxfordshire. 

June 23. 

Ordination of women 

From the Rev Dr D. G. Rowell 
Sir, The Bishop of Southwark and 
his episcopal colleagues in their 
letter (June 16) comment on the 
authority of autonomous churches 
to act in the matter of the 
ordination of women, arguing that 
this is a legitimate area for such 
autonomous action on the 
grounds that it is “a second-order 
question". One may indeed agree 
that it is a second-order question 
without thereby conceding that it 
is appropriate for autonomous 
churches so to art. 

Second-order questions can be 
of many lands. The recent state- 
ment of the House of Bishops, The 
Nature of Christian Beliefs would 
seem to imply that the virginal 
conception and the empty tomb 
are “second-order questions" in 
comparison with the doctrines of 
the Incarnation and the Resurrec- 
tion. The use of bread and wine in 
the Eucharist might well be 
deemed a second-order question 
in comparison with adherence to 
the historic creeds, yet it would be 
inappropriate for a church to act 
autonomously to allow other 
sacramental elements to be used. 

Historic Anglicanism has al- 
ways appealed to a common 
tradition of belief and practice, 
and the Nature of Christian Belief 
speaks of the need for the Church 
of England to keep in mind “the 

many and steadily deepening ways 
in which we explore with other 
communions the common faith 
we have inherited”. 

Second-order questions may 
have a first-order significance in 
the common life of the Church, if 
claims to autonomy override the 
claims of communion, as when 
action is taken which has the 
undoubted result of there no 
longer being a commonly accepted 
ministry where once this was the 
case. Such would clearly be the 
result of the ordination of women 
to the episcopate, and it is 
doubtful whether the ordination 
of women to the priesthood can 
properly be distinguished from 
this theologically. 

By claiming an autonomy that is 
insensitive to the claims of 
communion the Anglican 
Communion is already in the 
position of not having a com- 
monly accepted ministry and the 
full consequences of this have still 
to be seen. Action which would 
result in a similar situation within 
the Church of England is surely a 
first-order question of the relation 
of faith and order and the proper 
recognition of the bonds of 
communion in the Church. 

Yours sincerely, 



Keble College, 


June 18. 

Law and roads 

From Councillor Trevor J. Brown 
Sir, The call by doctors for a 
greater police effort against 
drunken driving is welcome sup- 
port to those of us who have been 
requesting, through county coun- 
cils and police authorities, more 
law and order on our roads. 

The first essential is for those 
bodies to meet with the Depart- 
ment of Transport to jointly 
review the options available and 
then decide which to implement. 
My own belief is that a successful 
choice would be campaigns using 
extra police forces in chosen areas, 
coupled with a high-quality public 
education exercise, to get across 
the message that law-breaking on 
the roads will not be tolerated. 

It is a sad fact that repeated calls 
made, on the Council of the Royal 
County of Berkshire, the Thames 
Valley Police Authority and the 
Association of County Councils 
have failed to make progress 
towards this end. 

One of the problems is shortage 
of officers. In the Thames Valley 

our police force is 750 officers 
below the number needed just to 
bring us up to the average police 
population figure for England and 
Wales, even though we have the 
greatest motorway mileage of any 

Our traffic division, with 330 
men, is some 450 short of the 
number required by Home Office 
guidelines related to the road 
mileage to be policed. Yet the 
Home Secretary has only allowed 
a 50-man increase in the whole 
force, barely enough to keep pace 
with the area's increase in popula- 

Many of my constituents are 
asking why the campaigns against 
illegalities by trade unionists, 
peace campers and hippy trav- 
ellers cannot be followed by 
campaigns against illegalities on 
our increasingly frenzied roads. 
It's a good question. What answer 
can 1 give them? 

Yours faithfully. 


2 The Glade. 

Newbury, Berkshire. 

June 26. 

S. Africa sanctions 

From Mr fC D. Jamieson 
Sir. In the discussion on sanctions 
against South Africa nobody 
seems to have touched on a point 
of basic principle: the propriety of 
using economic sanctions to pun- 
ish or deter an immoral domestic 
policy as distinct from an act or 
policy of external aggression. 

External aggression can be 
objectively recognised by its very 
externality. Moreover, if allowed 
to go unchecked it can, as my 
generation found to its cost, 
endanger our national security. 

Economic sanctions are a legiti- 
mate method of trying to check it. 
Indeed if the purpose of sanctions 
against South Africa were to deter 
a persistent policy of aggression 
against neighbouring states there 
would be a clear case for consid- 
eration. But that is not what the 
argument is about it is about the 
moral issue. 

When it comes to the morality 
of a country’s domestic policy 
judgement becomes at best subjec- 
tive, ai worst dependent on special 
pleading or even double stan- 
dards. Moreover, even in the rare 
cases like that of South Africa, 
where we can all agree on the 
immorality of die policy, it does 
not of itself endanger our national 
security, nor for that matter that of 
other countries. 

IC then, apartheid is a moral 
issue, which does not afreet our 
national security or prosperity, 
has the Government the right to 
pre-empt our persona] judgement 

and decisions? As an individual I 
do not wish to visit South Africa, 
to invest there or to buy South 
African sherry. It is probably 
proper for my church to tell me 
that as a Christian I should not do 
so. But I very much doubt if it is 
proper for my Government to tell 
me that as a citizen I must not 
Yours faithfully, 


Mill Hill House. 

Bucks Green. 

Rudgwick. West Sussex. 

Student loans 

From Mr .4. D. Hoadicv 
Sir, Mr H. G. Harney (June 24) 
may find that if he calculates the 
cost to Sheffield Education 
Committee of proriding an in- 
terest-free loan, repayable over six 
years (or presumably nine years 
from the start of his course), it 
would have been more economi- 
cal to have given him the money 
in the first place. 

It is not proven that the case for 
loans is pragmatic rather than 

The graduate's capacity to repay 
will not generally be developed 
until several years after gradua- 
tion. The financial position of a 
graduate recruit is likely to com- 
part unfavourably with that which 
the same person could achieve by 
working for three or four years 
instead of going to university. 
Yours faithfully, 


Saxons. Turners Hill Road. 
Worth, Crawley. Sussex. 


JUNE 30 1840 

News from the provinces. In its 
vilification of Robert Owen (1771 
1K5$> the Staffordshire Gazette 
displayed a remarkable disregard 
for the law of libel. The "elegant 
process ” Campbell suffered was 
having his hat crushed over his 
eyes. Judging from the pages of 
The Times during this year, 
Birmingham was one of a number 
of cities going through a trade 

morning placards were posted 
about this town and 
neighbourhood, announcing that 
lectures would be delivered at 
miserable hovel known as the Hall 
of Science, Dale Hall, Longport, by 
the Socialist missionary, Alexan 
der Campbell, on the afternoon and 
evening of that day. It was also 
announced that that grey-headed 
panderer to immorality, Robert 
Owen, would deliver at the same 
infidel arena his views of Socialism 
on tbe following night. Upon the 
Monday evening an immense 
crowd assembled in the 
neighbourhood of Dale Hall, deter- 
mined to prevent Owen from 
entering into an exposition of his 
infidel principles. They provided 
themselves with music of the 
marrowbone and cleaver order, to 
wit, sundry discordant drums and 
files. Upon the hero of the night 
appearing upon the spot, tbe 
people lifted him out of the gig, but 
not to do him honour. They chased 
him through the street, but 
hospitable roof was open for bis 
reception, and but for the interven 
tion of Mr. Enoch Wood, Jun., the 
Rev. J. Noble, and other gentle 
men, he would have received rough 
treatment from the hands of the 
incensed multitude. Mr. E. Wood 
kindly gave the unhappy man 
shelter in his own house, where he 
remained until the crowd dis- 
persed. Far more severe was the 
punishment inflicted upon his 
misguided associate, Campbell. Be- 
ing warned by some gentlemen 
against going to the place 
appointment, he hurried away, and 
when he thought himself beyond 
the reach of the crowd he turned 
round and made insulting gestures. 
In so doing, however, be forgot that 
wholesome maxim which enjoins 
us not to holloa before we are out of 
the wood. A large party of individ 
uals pursued, and overtook him 
and proceeded to treat him without 
ceremony. They rolled their victim 
in tbe field, and afterwards anoint 
ed him with that more useful than 
agreeable material, clay, likewise 
subjecting him to that elegant 
process called "bonnetting”. Even 
tually he made his escape to the 
Britannia Inn, Navigation -road; 
and we apprehend that the worthy 
people of Longport will after this 
spectacle not be inclined rejoicing- 
to sing "The Campbells are 
coming." Certainly we think the 
Socialists will not be again dis 
posed to trust their organization to 
the tender mercies to which the 
external circumstances of the pop- 
ular indignation of the Potteries 
may subject it .— Staffordshire 

give anything like a correct picture 
of the depressed state of trade in 
Birmingham, and its conse- 
quences, would be no easy matter; a 
few facts may give some idea. The 
oldest, most" extensive, and re 
spectable merchants, manufactur- 
ers. and traders, concur in 
representing the present depres 
sion as unprecedented in their 
experience. 10.000 applications, by 
working men and women, for free 
passages to Australia have been 
made, and refused, within the last 
two months, at one emigration- 
office in the town. Between 20 and 
30 good houses and retail shops are 
umenanted in three of the princi- 
pal streets, and thousands of 
middle and small -Tented houses are 
unoccupied in every part of the 
borough. The walls are literally 
covered daily with auction -bills 
and a purchaser can hardly be 
found for either leasehold or 
freehold property. The brokers*' 
shops are crammed with goods 
purchased at half the cost price. 
The pawnbrokers, being complete- 
stocked. refuse any except what 
are termed best pledges. Thou- 
sands of mechanics are living on 
half wages, thousands on quarter 
wages, and numbers of creatures 
are sustained by means known only 
the Almighty himself. Upwards 
of 300 applications were made to 
the GJ aces ter Railway Company 
situations as guards, &c.. 
within the last month. The poor- 
rate is doubled, and numbers are 
leaving their houses to escape 
paying it. All is gloomy, and no one 
can see a prospect of improvement. 

the midst of these symptoms off 
distress we have an apparent 
anomaly, of which we have in vain 
sought an exp Lanai ion. Everywhere 
the outskirts streets are being 
laid out, and houses rising, as if by 
magic. Walk out today, you have a 
green field — tomorrow it is' 
covered with elegant buildings; and 
24 hours more they are Let and 
tenanted. We believe we do not 1 
exaggerate when we say, that for, 
the last 12 months not a house in 
Edgbaston parish has stood empty! 

a couple of days . . 
Birmingham Journal. 

Signs of the times 

From the Reverend J. U Marshall 
Sir. This morning I received from 
a local crematorium a brochure 
which offers a range of 
Memorialise ion Facilities. 

Our parish churchyard still has 
gravestones. Are we behind the 
times? Is this the reason for a rise 
in vandalism? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Rectory. 

All Hallows Street 

Retford, Nottinghamshire. 





Clifford Longley 

The agony of an unequal relationship 

mx TD nr and was present at the Passing* 

L-VJU Jtv JL Out Parade of Junior Soldiers, 

/im TT A n in the afternoon Queen Biza- 

C1KCULAK fceth The Queen Mother took 

^ W the Salute at the Parade of the 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE Regimental Association. 

Junc 28: The Princess Anne. fi er Majcsiv travelled in an 
Mrs Mark Phillips. President of *j rcra fi of The Queen's Flight. 
Ihc Save the Chitdren Fund, this R ut h. Lady Fermoy. Sir Mar- 

ifidraMn -st I Pi*i rtPMC _ PnntHtn VinVt 

afternoon attended The Princess t j n Gilliat and Captain Niall 
Anne Award Ceremony at San- Hall were in attendance. 

dnngham House. Norfolk, - 

where Her Royal Highness was _ _ . - vv _,„ p n-dit-nt 

«dved by .he Land Agent (Mr 

Julian LoydL 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by Mrs An- 
drew Feildcn. travelled in an 
aireraft of The Queen's Flight. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Lord Somerlcyton (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
morning, upon the departure of 
The King and Queen of the 
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 
and bade farewell to Their 
Majesties on behalf of Her 

June 28: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother. Colotvel-in- 
Chicf. The Light Infantry, today 
\ isited the Depot. Sir John 
Moore Barracks. Shrewsbury. 

of Business in the Community, 
will open the Deptford Enter- 
prise Agency at 146 Deptford 
High Street, SES, on July 4. 

The Princess of Wales. Presi- 
dent of Dr Bamardo’s. will 
attend a garden party for 
Bamardo supporters and vol- 
untary workers at Chatswonh 
House. Derbyshire, on July 4. 

Prince Andrew. Patron of the 
Jubilee Sailing Trust, will attend 
the naming ceremony of the STS 
Lord Nelson at the Vosper 
Thomeycroft Yard. Southamp- 
ton. on July 4. 

Prince Edward will take the 
salute at the evening perfor- 
mance of the Royal Tour- 
nament on July 9. 

Delp hiniums give a fine show 

By Alan Toogood Horticulture Correspondent 

Delphiniums are not at their section for Morris (individual 

best in the heatwave, but many rf . . . _ 

exhibitors managed to pul up a P\e. of Hontchurch Essex, 

line displav at the Delphinium won the Frank Bishop Cup for 
Stvieiv's main annual show, the best spike in show with a 
which' was held over the week- I, S ht P mk unnamed seedling. He 
end at VVislev Garden in Surrev. ■ also gained the Society s Bronze 
: , .. Medal for the best exhibit in the 

Manx of the leading ex- seejjjngs section. His exhibits 
hibition varieties were to be included some excellent van- 
seen including deep purple suc h as deep pink “Sum- 

‘■Brucc '. white Olive mcr wj n e M an d white, brown- 
Popplclon and mauve C yed “Sandpiper". 

“Fanfare”. 'The Lucas Trophy for the 

seen including deep purple suc h as deep pink “Sum- 

“Brucc '. white Olive mcr wine" aiH j white, brown- 
Popplclon and mauve C yed “Sandpiper". 

“Fanfare”. 'The Lucas Trophy for the 

The Tom Cowan Trophy and highest aggregate of points in the 
the Stafford Fa well Prize for section for varieties of all col- 
niost points in the show were ours was awarded to J R 
won bv D McGJashan. of Hancock, of Merrow. Surrey. 
Swan lev Kent. He also won the He also won the Blackmore and 
Halford Roberts Cup for most Langdon Cup for most points in 
points in the seedlings section: the section for blue varieties, 
the Beatrice Daisy Wort Cup for The Lady Wightman Cup for 
most points in ihc section for most points in the novices' 
white varieties*, and the Culpin section was won by J Hodges, of 
Trophy for most points in the Milford. Surrey. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Max Brown. 72: Mr Loval 
Dickson. 84: Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir John Evens. 95: Mr 
Keith Grant 52: Colonel Peter 
Hilton. 67: Miss Lena Horne. 

6*>: Mr Walter James. 74: Sir 
John Langford-HoJt, 70: 

Lieutenant-General Sir Henry 
Lcask. 73; Mr James Loughran. 

55: Sir Erie Richardson. SI: Mr 
M. J. K. Smith. 53: Mr Ruskin 
Spear. 75. 


HM Government 
Sir Geoffrey Howe. QC, Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, and Mr 
Paul Channon. Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
were hosts at a dinner held last 
night at Lancaster House to 
mark the Eureka ministerial 

Service Dinner 

The Duke of Wellington's 

Officers of The Duke of 
Wellington's Regiment held 
their annual dinner in the 
Officers’ Mess. BuffonJ Camp, 
on Saturday. Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral Sir Charles HuMablc. Colo- 
nel of the Regiment, presided. 
Brigadier J. F. W. Wjlsey. 
Commander 1st Infantry Bri- 
gade. was the principal guest 
and Brigadier the Duke of 
Wellington. Colond-in-Chief of 
the Regiment, attended. 

The Roman Catholic Church has been 
no help at all to the Church of England 
in its long anguish concerning female 
ordination. The publication of letters 
between Lambeth Palace and the Vati- 
can, now imminent, will only increase 
the Anglican agony and frustration. But 
it is not entirely facetious to suggest that 
female ordination will remain forbidden 
bv Rome until one bright morning the 
world win wake op to find it has become 
compulsory; and Canterbury will not be 
informed in advance. 

The relationship between those two 
churches is an unequal one, largely 
because of the disparity of sire. For 
historical reasons, as well as the 
presence of a large parallel Catholic 
church in England, the Church of 
England has to be very serious about 
what Rome thinks and does, even if it 
manifestly disagrees. 

Rome, meanwhile, sees itself as the 
centre of the ecclesiastical universe, with 
Anglican -Roman Catholic ecumenism 
the concern of one small section of one of 
many Vatican departments. The priority 
in the work of the Secretariat for 
Christian Unity is Eastern Orthodoxy. 
That is all the more so under a Slav 
Pope; but even that is for from being the 
top item on the Vatican's agenda. 

In the detail of the Anglican argu- 
ments about women priests, neverthe- 
less, the Roman Catholic position is 
important and not jnst to Anglo- 
Catbolics. It is the Chnrch of England's 
proud boast that it possesses all the 
essentials of the historic threefold 
ministerial priesthood, as it belonged to 
the early church and to united Christen- 
dom before the divisions; and as it still 
belongs to the components of disunited 
Christendom today, principally Rome. 
Orthodoxy, and the Anglican Commu- 
nion. The Church of England has 
recommitted itself to its membership of 
this ancient and episcopal trinity in this 
generation, when it runted down unity 

proposals with the major Free 
Churches. So whether or not Anglkan- 
Romaa Catholic unity is judged to be a 
priority in itself, and even if it were 
remote or impossible, Anglicanism's 
identity and historic tradition is sees to 
be at stake. 

Although though there are angry 
rumblings from discontented feminist' 
Catholics in America, where they are 
trying to push the issue onto the ageada, 
it is in Anglicanism rather than Cathoti- 
cism, there and in Britain, that female 
. ordination has become a centra] issue. 

' That to some extent reflects the more 
open and democratic nature of Anglican 
church st r u ct ure s, which are much more 
amenable to lobbying and campaigning- 
Roman Catholic authoritarianism, even 
in its benign and wn-triampbatist 
modern dress, makes purchase and 
leverage by pressure groups more 

There may be other reasons too. 
Anglicanism offers not a great deal to a 
woman with a strong sense of reGgioos 
vocation, at least compared with the 
glories of the Catholic female reftgioas 
orders. Were those orders to be closed 
down, there would be many more 
Catholic women looking for somewhere 
to fulfil their vocations, and looking 
resentfully towards the men-only priest- 
hood. Nuns are central to the life of the 
Catholic Church, in every parish and in 
every walk of life, whereas in Anglican- 
ism they are more marginal, England 
has 9,700 Roman Catholic nans, nearly 
two for every priest and 1,100 Anglican 
nuns, one for every 10 priests. If 
consecrated sisters are coanted as part 
of the church's professional ministry, 
the allegedly “male chauvinistic'' Ro- 
man Catholic Chnrch in England has in 
fact a for more feminine face to it than 
any other, including the Free Churches 
with their sprinkling of ordained female 
ministers. No-one should ever try telling 
a mm that she was, as a woman, a second 
class Christian. There is no more 

admired woman in tbeworW than 
Mother Teresa, non. " 

It is also sometimes suggested that 
foe coitus of the Virgin Mary, stiB very 
widely observed in the Roman Catholic 
Chnrch and only marginally m the 
Church of England, has helped to 
presme the feminine, motherly, de- 
ment in Catholic -spirituality, while its 
absence in Andkanistn makes it a very 
male sort of reOgton. 

These reasons may hdp to explain 
why the issue is so much ; less pnbtkly 
controversial is the Roman CathoBc 
Chnrch, even thongh thereis evidence erf 
a widespread feeling among Catholics 
that the arguments against women 
priests are not particularly convincing. 
Among theologians it is still largely an 
academic poral; though it is not general- 
ly thought that the official position is 
immutable. The numerous works of 
contemporary Catholic theology that 
have been written about the priesthood, 
particularly as part of the e c ume ni cal 
process, never seem to disenss the 
fundamentals in a wan;, that would be 
significantly alteied if the priest h ood 
was open to both sexes. There does not 
appear to be anything in the decrees of 
the Second Vatican Council that treats 
the gender of the priest as. a vital 
component in the Catholic Chorda's 
doctrine of priesthood. It was not the 
issue they were thinking about, of 
coarse, bat their doctrinal statements 
were designed to be comprehensive and 
complete. If there is something vital 
about the priesthood connected with 
gender, they would sorely have said so. 

That merely increases the Anglican 
frustration with Rome, for it allows room 
for the suspicion that m'its own good 
time Roman Catholicism might pull the 
rug oat from under the feet of Anglo- 
Catholic objections. If that is the way 
things are moving, then why should the 
Chnrch of England be so shy of bring 
first? Or on the other hand, why should 
it not be contort to waft? 



Versatile character actor who 
V made Polonius his own 

Vicar’s wife becomes 
Catholic minister 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr C-H.NL Hurt 
and Miss S. Penrose 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of Mr 
Michael Hurl, of Casicrn HalL 
Derbyshire, and of Lady 
Rumbold. of It Vallonc Alto. 
Siena, and Susannah, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Jerry Penrose, of 
Hclsdon's Farm. Han worth, 

Mr J JL Buchanan 
and Miss 4.M. Goddard 
The engagement is announced 
between James Richard, eider 

Mr A. Sinclair . 
and Miss SC Arnold 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, twin son of 
Mr and Mrs J. Sinclair, of 
Coventry, and Susan, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs W. R. 
G. Arnold, of Cambridge. 

Mr &£. Terry 
and Miss CS.O. Havers 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen^ only, son of 
Mr S. E. Terry and tire late Mrs 
M. E Terry, of Feltham, 
Middlesex, and Caroline, eldest 

of Brain hall. 

Mrs Mary Bard and the Rev Chris Bard 

son of Mr and Mrs John E . daughter of Mr and Ml* D. N. 
Buchanan, of Ballyrenan. O. Havers, of Bramhall. 
Downpatrick. Co Down, and Cheshire. 4 

Julia Marie, eldest daughter of ... _ ■ ■ • 

Mr and Mrs John Goddard, of Major J. Tnroer-Bndger 
Great Kingshill, and Miss C. Durnford 

Buckinghamshire. The engagement is announced 

Major J. Tomer-! 
and Miss C. Dun 

Parliament this week 

CMnpni Today <2 JOi and tomorrow 
iC 50' Dc-twlr on drti-iwr 
Wi-drwsdjv ij JO i Motion, on 'octal 
wimlv rc 9 t 1 l. 1 l ions. Housing 'Scot 
f.inrti B<l( Arrporrs BlU and Orxtq 
TraHirkuig Olfcnccs Bill. Lords 

Thursday i2 JOi: Donate on rrports of 
Puhlic Arrounh Commilli-o. 

Tndas ■? 30.. pm ale Members' Bills 
Lords Tildas 1 2 SO' Social Security 
BUI. commillcr*. Ihird day 
Tomorrow \2 30 '• Gas Bill, report, 
first day „ _ 

Wednesday (2.501: AgrtOdlure Bin. 
I .•port 

Thursday i3i. Building Societies Bill. 
ronimiHw* Lord Chancellor s salary 

Friday 1 1 1 «: Debale on South Alrtca. 

The Roman Catholic wife of 
an Anglican vicar has become a 
lay minister or the Eucharist. 

Mis Maty Bard, wife of the 
Rev Chris Bard, pricsi-in-chargc 
of Epping Upland. Essex, was 
commissioned last week huo the 
ministry by the Bishop of Brent- 
wood. ihe Right Rev Thomas 
McMahon, ai a service in 
Brentwood Cathedral. 

As an extraordinary minister 
of the Eucharist, she will help in 

Memorial service 

Air Commodore W. 1. C- Inness 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Air Commodore W. I. C. 
Inness was held on Saturday at 
5t Clement Danes. Strand. The 
Rev R. N. Kenward officiated. 
Major C. H. P. Inness. son. and 
Wing Commander William 
Hoarc read the lessons and Sir 
Donald Logan gave an address. 
Canon John Morris led the 

her own Catholic parish of 
Epping with the distribution of 
Communion during Mass to the 
sick and housebound 

Mr A.PAL Coulter 
and Miss JJ- Allen 
The engagement is announced 

Mrs Bard, who is a member of between Andrew Paul Max welL 
the English Anglican/Roman eldest son of Mr and Mrs P. M. 

Catholic Committee, said after 
the sen-ice ihat her joy was 
tinged with sadness “because 
present regulations mean that 
Chris and 1 are prevented from 
offering Communion to each 

Pipers Corner 

All old girls of Pipers Comer 
School are welcome to attend 
parents' day on Saturday. July 
12. at which the principal 
speaker will be the Air Officer 
Commanding-in -Chief. Strike 
Command. Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Peter Harding. For further 
details please comae 1 the school 
seen: tan - . 

Coulter, of Beckenham. Kent, 
and Julie Louise, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J- D. 
Allen, of Hunon. Brentwood. 

and Miss C. Durnford 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy Turner- Brid- 
gcr, Coldstream Guards, rider 
son of Mr Michael Turner 
Bridgcr and the tale Patricia 
Turner Bridgcr and stepson of 
Mrs Pauline Turner Bridgcr. of 
Odiham. Hampshire, and 
Candide. younger daughter of 
Captain and Mrs Roger 
Durnford. of Menton and 9 
Gordon Place. VV8. The mar- 
riage will take place in France. 


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BROWN - on June 26th at Queen Char- 
lottes, London. To Louts* cnee 
Habteadi and Peter, a son. Thomas 
Harry Hart 

June. In Bermuda, to Jotnee Griffith 
Jonest and Robin, a son. Edward 
Roixn William 

ECKERSLEY - On Friday 271h June 
1986. at sit. Andrew’s Hospital. Met 
mmrrre. Australia. w Jm (nee Atkin I 
and Marlin, a daughter. Kimberley 


IHLL - On 27th June 1986 U> Susie 
mfe AIUoRI and Jonathan, a daugh- 
ter. Luanda, a sister for Alexander. 

LETHBRIDGE - Op June 26tn ai 
Banrtaate Hospital to Suzie and 
Tom. a daughter. Rachel Elizabeth. 

MONTGOMERY - On 24Ut June to 
Kiandy tnfe Totnaiim and Nigel, a 
son. James. 

NICHOLSON - On June 19th at UW 
John Radchffe. Oxford to Sally and 
James, a dautfiter. 

REYNOLDS - On June 2dih in San 
Francisco to JuUa (nee Charles) and 
Mfttiacl. a daughter. OIK la Kathleen. 
STANLEY - On June 25th at a Mary's 
Hospital- Portsmouth, to Claire tnee 
Sutton) and Chrtstootier. a son. 
Jason Matthew, a Brother for Martin 
TRIMBLE - On June 26U» at St.Lukes 
Hospital Guildford to Chilian into 
Hamilton) and PtiUlp. a son (Alexan- 
der Meredlgtn. 

WYLOE ■ On June 23rd la David and 
Bridge L a daughter. Lucy Alexandra. 


CNCA ■ The marriage took Mace on 
28ih June at St. Richard's. Qiichev 
ter. of Mr George FUzshnona and 
Miss Christina Often. 

LOR • The marriage took place on 
Sunday. June 29th. at St. 
Wlnemde's Church. HotywelL of Mr 
Jonathan Baddetev. youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs D.l. Bad del ey of 
Bnxnam. Devon and Mbs Kerry 
Taylor, youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs F.E.H. Taylor of Mllcur. Owyd. 


BARKER - On June 26 in her sleep at 
St. John's Wood. Gwyn. a much 
loved aunt, great auni and fnend. 
Funeral. St. Johns Wood Parish 
Church. Thursday. July 3rd at 10 30 
am. followed by ornate cremation 
Family flowers only but donations if 
desired to Marin Lyre Menial Handi- 
capped Charily. 2. Ridgeway Court. 
Grovebur.v Rd. Lelghlon Buzzard. 

COCK 1 1 r - on 21st June. In Israel. 
Jamie, aged 20. most beloved son of 
Nell and Angela and loving brother 
of Martin and Beniamin. Funeral 
Service on Friday, flit July. 2.30 pm 
at Christ's Chapel of Alleyn's College 
of God's Gift ax Dulwich SE21. fol- 
lowed by burial at Camberwell Old 
Cemetery. Forest Hill Road. SE22. 
Rowers to 51 Hall Moon Lane. SE24 
or donations to MIND. 22 Harley 
Sired. London WIN 203. 

CUPMGE - Suddenly at home on June 
22nd. Michael Peregrine Sydney. Be- 
loved son of Vivien Renouf and the 
late Desmond Cuppage. Deeply 
mourned by all ha family. Rewutem 
Mass I pm Wednesday. 2nd July al 
Our Lady of Perpetual Succour. 
Hampton Court Way. Thames 
Dillon, followed by private inter- 
ment. Flowers lo T.H. Saunders & 
Sow. 28-30 Kew Road. Richmond. 

MCKENS - Professor Frank Dfcfcem 
FRS alter a short illness, peacefully 
2Sth June Funeral service at Si 
Andrew's Church. Ferring. 2.30pm. 
Thursday 3rd July- Family flowers 
only, but donations If desired to Ma- 
rie Cune Memorial Foundation. 9 
Bel grave Mews South- London 
SW1X 8BW. 

DUDMNC On 26 Ih June al home al 
PaddOCk House. Wfnfertngftam. 
John Scarbrough aged 70 years. A 
dearly loved husband, father, grand 
father, and brother. Funeral service 
All Saints Church. WInterton. Thurs- 
day 3rd July 3pm. Family flowers 
only. Donations u wished for Aft 
Saints Church. Wlnlertngham to be 
sent to Mrs Scrubbings. 20 Queen 
SL WInterton. South Humberside. 

EYLES. Joan Mary. F.C.S.. on loth 
June 1966 aged 78 al CMtenham 
HospttaL following short Illness. Wid- 
ow of Victor A. Eyles. D.Sc 
Cremation look place on 22nd June. 
Donations may be made to The 
Chest. Heart and Stroke Association. 

FRASER - Pat (Nancy Frances Marga- 
rei) On Friday 27Ut June to Cape 
Town, survived by loving family. 
General Afart. her son Alan and 
daughter Judy. 

1986. Flora Miriam, peacefully al 
home All erauirrs to F-W. House & 
Sons. Funeral Directors. LymfrKKon. 
Hampshire. Tel: (0690) 73142. 

LAURENT - Dr. Monk. On Jwie 19th. 
suddenly, whilst on holiday in 
France. Paddy, adored wile of Dr. 
L.P.E. Laurcni. and nrttt precious 
mother of Susan and Rosemary- Fir 
neral service al OoWwj Green West 
Chapel oo Thursday. 3rd JuUr al 
2.30 pm Flowers of donations n de- 
sired lor The CfdMrens Society-' e/o 
Kenyon. iS Oullero SL London Wl. 

J0U6HM - On 26th June, suddenly SCOTT • On June 27th peacefully at 
while walking. Commander John home. Gordon, much lov ed husband 

H<x ken. aged 74 of Flat 2 11 SI of Betty, father of Janet. Pauline. 

Fim barms Road. Fowey. Beloved Clare and Sandy and devoted grand- 

husband of Jane, loving brother of father. Private family funeral on 

Thelma. Jean and Michael and the Thursday 3rd July. Memorial Ser- 
iate Lucy and loved by all hts neph- vice to be held on Wednesday 23rd 

ews and nieces. Funeral Service at July at St Manes Church. Shlpton- 

Fowey Parish Church at 2.00 pm. under- Wjrhwood at 2pm. Fbmlfy 

2nd July, followed by cremation at flowers only piease. but donations If 

3 30 pm at Penmount. Truro. Family desired to the Marie Curie 

flowers only- Donations lo westmin- Foundation, 

sler Memorial Trust. Palace Street 

Buckmgham Palace Road. London sf{AW . ^ ^ June peMfu lly , 

Irene Nell Shaw, beloved wife of 
LUCK Gilbert Francis at home on 27th George and mother of Corinne and 

June. Dearly loved husband of Debbie A brave and spirited lady. 

Georgina and father of Guy. also tov- she will be greatly missed by all her 

•w grandfather of . J ames a nd family and friends 

Nicholas Service at Whipptngham 

Crematorium, isle of Wight. 11.00 .. .. _ 

am. Thursday 3rd July. Flowers or **P* C Nor a Myfa nwy alter a terrtbte 
donations lo Red Cross. ToUand- Isle illness courageously borne, oeiovea 
ofWlghT wife of Gordon and most loved moth- 

LYTLE -On June 27)h in h» 9011) year * 

to a Sheffield Hospital. WUJiam Ufe time of service lo Ute rack. . 

James F.R.CjS. Eng. very dear hus- 

band of Margery, devoted and much WETTON • On June 2BUt. peacefully in 
loved father of Elizabeth and John SL Helen's Hospital. Hastings. Whig 
and a beloved grandfather. Service Commander William Herbert (BUI) 
at Si Marks Church. BroomhOf. Wef ton (rat'd), aged 79. Beloved hus- 

ShefrieW on Thursday. July 3rd at band of Sheila, founder of Wetton 
2 45 pm. followed by cremation al Cleaning Services. Cremation East 
HutctlfTe Wood Crematorium. Faro- bourne. Thursday. July 3rd al 3.00 
ily nowers only please. Enquiries to pm. Family flowers only. Donations. 
John Heath & Sons. Funeral Dtrec- if desired, to RAF. Benevolent 
tors. Sheffield. Fund. c. o Mummery- F.D.. 31 Dev- 

MARTIN - on June 28th. peacefully at onshire Road. BexMU on Sea. East 

the Dorchester Clinic. Enid Rather- Sussex. 

Inc. wife of the late Lawrence 

WHITFIELD - On June 27Ut 1986. Std- 

WtavlhornfT U^famEL ney “Thitfleld. f * 1 * r J* 

George Robert and Valerie of the Bft- 
hfTri Al ary and formerly the Punch Tree 

SlfSn^ner hri^aii. House. Reading Road North. Fleet.. 

Church after private funeral. aged 95 yearn. FunereJ service at All 

I MILUETT. Stephen Galdwen. on May S) 

21 1986. at Rhode Island Hospital. 

Providence. Rhode Island. Stephen &sml fLtiUv 

Caldwell, of Poppasquash Road. toierea n wioinod, tw*. ramuy 

BristoL Rhode bland, aged 79. son ol ’*? 

the laic Stephen Caldwell Mlllett of 

New York and the late Mrs Thalia yfl”! 31, FWmlcy. Camberiey. 
Westcott Malcolm, sometime of Rake 50,1 ev - 

Manor. Milford. Surrey: husband of «nrLOftH vumr rwu , n mi i.m 
the late Martha Rockwell Mlllett: fa- fS 

Uier of Stephen Caldwell Mitten Jr.. 1 

of Bristol. Rhode bland: and brother Lauderdale. Florida. L.SA. 

ol Richard C MllleR. New York CUy 

and Mn Thalia Gaoe and Mrs Eliza- 

beih de Vllmortn. both of France. MEMORIAL SERVICES 

OAKLEY - On June 26ui. peacefully in' 

hospital, t-mcla. beloved daughter of hiimtmi — ^ 
V#lma Kovinn wWo of Dator and HAWITOyI NMHIUAM A Of 

Mr R.G. Eyers 
and Mrs G.H. Worthington 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 28. between Mr 
Robert George Eyers, younger 
son or the late Mr and Mrs F. 
Eyers. and' Mrs Gillian- Hazel 
Worthington, younger daughter 
of Sir William and Lady Atkins, 
of Chobham Place. Chobham. 

Mr T. S. Buckler 
and Miss R. E. Grosvenor 
The marriage took plhce on 
Saturday in the Grosvenor Cha- 
pel. South Audley Street, of Mr 
Tobias Buckler, son of Mr and 
Mrs Humphrey Buckler, of 
Grafion. Oxfordshire. -and Miss 
Rachel Grosvenor. eldest 
daughter of the Hon Victor and 
Mrs Grosvenor, of Grafton, 
Oxfordshire. The Rev Dr A. W. 
Marks officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by the Hon William 
Grosvenor. was attended by 
Maximillian and Grace Vane- 
Percy. Mr Rupert Gooddy was 
best man. 

A reception was held at The 
Chase, SW4. and the honey- 
moon wijj be spent in Europe. 
Mr CR. Abel Smitii 
and Miss J.M.S. WoUon . 

The marriage look place on 
Saturday. June 28. ) 9861 at the 
Church: of St Nicholas. Little 
Sax ham. Suffolk, of Mr Charles ' 
Ralph Abel Smith, only .son of 
Mr and Mrs Wilfrid Abel Smith, 
of 12 Stanhope Gardens. Lon- 
don. SW7. and Miss Julia Mary 
Seton Woltori. only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John Wolton. of 
The Old Rectory. Little 
Saxham. Suffolk. The Rev H. 

M. Lc Feuvrc officiated. 

The bride was given in mar- 
riage by her father and was 
attended by Miss Helen 
Chariton. Miss Alison Abel 
Smith and Miss Nicola Christie. 
Mr Ralph Wynne Griffiths was 
best man. 

A reception was held al the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent' 

Mr AJ. Brigden 
and Mrs KJL Stevens 
The marriage took place quietly 
in London, on Friday. June 27. 
between Mr Anthony Brigden 
and Mrs Kareri Stevens. 

Mr IA.F. MiscampbeH 
and Miss AJL.M. Phipps 
The marriage took place on: 
Friday, June 27, at the Church 
of St Lawrence Jewry-next- 
Gutidhall of Mr fan A.F. | 
MiscampbeH. son of Mr and 
Mrs Alec MiscampbeH, of 
Quaimon. Buckinghamshire, 
and Miss Amanda L.M. Phipps, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Robert 
Phipps, of Seer Green, 

The reception was held at 
Saddlers' HalL 
Mr P-D.C. Wigan 
and Miss SJVL Cflroy 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June. 28. al St 
Bartholomews Church, 
Haslcmere. between Mr Piers 
Wigan, son of Mr and Mrs 
David Wigan, of Thorpe Ab- 
botts Place, Diss. Norfolk, and 
Miss Sophie Gilroy, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Ian 
Gilroy, of Noddings Farm, 
ChRfdmgfokfc Surrey. ■ 

Science report 

Corn bunting’s decline 

. By John Unison 

Since the end of the last year, * 
century there has been a steady listed l 
fall in the numbers of earn April ai 
buntings in Britain, apparently- to arrivi 
associated with the changes in Since t 
arable fanning. The ‘com initially 
banting population recovered to fields, 
some extent between the end of -there w 


year, trhen the male* estab- 
lished their' territories in mid- 
April and waited for the females 
to arrive up to two months later. 
Since the females were often 
initially attracted to barley 
fields, males- -with territories 
there were more easily ate to 

the 1920s and the end of the -acquire .a mate. Most of the 
1960s, probably because of an polygynons males, those haring 

Velma, loving wHe of Peter, amt 
mother of JeatplL Funeral Service at 
the Putney Vale Crematorium oo 
Friday July 4t)i at am. Flow, 
m. or donations to the Bristol 
Cancer Centre, may be smn to J. H. 
Kenyon LbL 83 Westhoume Owe. 
London W2 «UL. Tel. Ot 229 9861. 

OAKSHOTT - Peacefully on 24ttt June, 
Joan. Lady Ookahoa. Widow of 
Hendrie OakaltotL CrfraUy loved 
mother and ^andmolher. EUaeral 

PAGAN Jotui Ernest K.T. • On 26Ui 
June. 1986 of Edged Iff and 
Mitugong. Beloved husband of Mar- 
ion?. loved (other of John. Oarissa 
and Ntchola and loved grandfather 
of Jonathan and Peter- A private cre- 
roaUon has been heW- A Manorial 
Service win be heM later. 

! R0W80THAM - On 27Ui June, peace- 
fully after a short Uiness. Brigadier 

I Guy Rowbottiam C8£.. aged 85. 
darling husband of Anne, widower 
of Ruth, father of Cftnstower. Adri- 
an and Sarah and stepfather of 
Andrew. Man al ll-30ara. St Law- 
rence. Station Road. Petcnfield. on 
Thuraday 3rd July 1986. Ffowera *o 
19 Tne Souare. PelcrsfWd. 

Thanksgjvtng for the life and worts of 
Sir Clifford Naunfon Morgan win be 
held on Wednesday. 2nd July 1986 
at 1 1 .30 a m. In the Priory Church of 
St. Bartftofoniew-tfteKaeaL West 
SmitMleM. London ECi. 


CHAPMAN To the memory of Guy 
Chapman. M.C.. author of A PAS- 
June 30. 1972. La guerre, moo 
vteux. e'est ootre leunesse. ensevelle 
el secrete. 

CNESTUTTON To remember with love 
and grail rude on her birthday. June 
30th. Mrs Cecil tAda Elizabeth) Ches- 
terton Founder of Cert) Houses. 
Res) den Hal Homes and Hostels, in 

MACKENZIE ■ WHitam iBUli B^c.. 
M I CE- 1886 - 1966. and his wife. 
No rah Madeleine. RefnemberedwlUi 
n»r and affection on this day and' 

increase in barley growing. 
Since then less barley and more 
wheat has been grown. . 

Other factors cootribsting to 
tfae decline, indade colder win- 
ters, foe destnetion of hedges, 
loss of nests because of early 
harvesting, and competition 'with 
yeHowhamniers, which have 
benefited from foe agricultural 

two or three females nesting in 
their territory, were Irving in or 
near barley fields. ■ 

■ Song posts -are also important 
since much of a male's ability to 
acquire females depends on h» 1 
production of song. The male 
con frawrtng spends most of his 
time ^singing on his sting posts , 
which he leaves only to feed, ' 
chase off otter males, and -to-: 

The rqnhs of a stwly of the hfe {finales to and from 

corn booting population, near & --g, 

Southport, pabtehed in -foe t ^ . . . . 

BnUetin of foe British Ecokral- Fion fo e m tentip^ wew- 

etl Society, showed foatwhSe refa^c abmrt snceof 

the birds can live and reproduce * “*£* “* 

in areas wffoont barfey fields. »«ed seeds fa barley fi dds may 
they prefer those where bailey 1$ aqcotttt for foe moro roae^al 
predominant. Bailey was being of ■ 

grown in only 41 per ceaKd foe 
area isves ogaied, but. 60 per 

cent of the corn beating? estab- tter foe teeedm g jwpnlations of 
lisbed their territories there. biratiiigs wfll contmoe to 

Those who did so reared mqre - r • ‘ • •• 

Hqj g lh p thanfoosc elsewhe r e. .Source: British Ecoftigical 
The . observations began last Society BrtUfo^ voJ 17. o69. : 

obserrations began last 

thatfoe breeding populations, of 
corn b eating s will continue to 

-Source: British 'Ecpftigiati 
Society BaDefoi^ voH7, p69. _ 

Geotge Howe, flic actor 
who was among flic most 
consistent character men on 
the Lambeth stage where, 
through 60 vears, he played a 
remarkable range of often 
classical parts, died suddenly 
in Brighton on June 24. He 
was 86. 

He was known especially for 
his Polonius which he ted 
acted to the Hamlets of John 
Gielgud and Laurence Olivier 
(he went to Elsinore with each 
of them) as wefl as al Stral- 
foid-npon-Avou. _ . 

James Agate, witling of a 
1937 performance, called him 
-•The best Polonius anybody 
has ever seen” 

Howe never exaggerated, it 
was one of his important 
strengths that he did not. 
From relatively early in his 
career he would play the older 
men with a mellow humour 
that was expressed in his 
Canon Chasuble in The Im- 
portance of Being Earnest, 
with Gielgud in 1939. 

He did a lot with Gielgud: 
and. since their first meeting 
at the Old Vic in 1930-31. 
down the years supported him 
loyally in such parts as Friar 
Laurence, the Duke of York in 
Richard II, Lob in Dear 
Brunts, and the Old Shepherd 
in The Mlntefs Tale. 

Howe was born in Chile in 
1900 and went in turn to 
Harrow, the RMC Sandhurst, 
and Christ Church. Oxford, 
before enrolling at RADA, a 
term or two ahead of Gielgud. 

When Gielgud was leading 
man of the CHd Vic Company- 
in 1930, Howe and Sir Ralph 
Richardson were recruited to 
iL and the three; having 
formed an unofficial sub- 
committee, "discussed and 
hinted and generally inter- 
fered over the productions'*. 

Some of Howe's first work 
was with Barry Jackson's com- 
panies in Birmingham and 
London, and with the Strat- 
ford-upon-Avon Festival 

Howe as Afeie in *Tbe 

Million Pound Banknote* 

the schoolmasters over 600 

He was in the Stratford cast fo 
of 1956. Polonius W Afan 
Badel* s Hamlet During 196..- 
63 he was in the last London 
season of the Old Vic compa- 
nv - as. for example. Escalus in 
.Measure for Measure. 

He toured Europe and 
South America in Shakespeare 
(19641 for the British Council. 

At the Ro>al Court, in 1966. 
he was in plays b> Granville 
Barker la revival of The 
Vuvser Inheritance) and Ar- 
nold Wesker, and afterwards, 
at various theatres, he served, 
in valuable character, such 
dramatists as Lonsdale. Con- 
greve. Chekhov. 3rd tneviia-* 
blv Shakespeare: in 
Greenwich Hamlei ( 19<4j he 
was. for a change, the 
Gravedigger, directed by Jon- 
athan Miller. 

He also gave special perfor- 
mances in films, radio and 
television plavs, among them 
Algie in BBC Teles ison's seri- 
al of Mark Twain's The Mil- 
lion Pound Bank Si'tc. 

Howe's most valuable asset 
in the theatre, which showed 

Company. Thence forward he even in his handiingofPoloni- 
was m an uncommon com- as - a man in high office, and 

plcxhy of West End parts, 
several Shakespearean, but 
also in such a force as The 

probabl) his best character - 
was truthfulness in the por- 
trayal of mediocrity: mcdioc- 

Happicst Days of Your Life rilC with its unfulfilled but not 
(1948) where he played one of entirely forgotten hopes. 


Professor Frank Dickens. 
FRS. FIBiol., a biochemist 
who established an interna- 
tional reputation for his pio- 
neering and fundamental 
research on the biochemistry 
of normal and tumour tissues, 
a field of study to which be 
contributed for more than 30 
years, died on June 25. 

He was a major contributor 
to the discovery of an impor- 
tant route of glucose metabo- 
lism. which, even today, 
remains a significant marker 
of the rate of tumour growth. 

Dickens, was bom in 1899 
and became a Scholar of 
Magdalene College. Cam- 
bridge. before embarking on 
research in organic chemistry 
at Imperial College London. 

In 1923 he became the first 
Lecturer in Biochemistry at 
the Middlesex Hospital Medi- 
cal School joining E. C. 
Dodds, the lively young medi- 
cal doctor who was among the 
pioneers in the application of 
biochemistry to medicine. 

Together, they were the first 
in Britain to extract insulin 
from pancreas following the 
discovery of this hormone by 
Banting and Best in Toronto 
in 1921. 

In the late 1920s, Dickens 
spent some time with the 
famous German biochemist 
Otto Warburg and subse- 
quently translated his book. 
Metabolism of Tumours. 

Warburg inspired Dickens' 
work on carbohydrate metab- 
olism which he pursued on his 
appointment as Director of 

the North of England Council 
of the British Empire Cancer 
Research Campaign (now the 
Cancer Research Campaign) 
from 1933to 1946. 

During the war he worked 
for the Royal Naval Personnel 
Committee of the Medical 
Research Council at the Na- 
tional Institute for Medical 
Research. Hampstead. 

He was attracted back by 
Dodds to the Courtauld Insti- 
tute at the Middlesex in 1946 
and was Ihe first holder of the 
Philip Hill Chair of Expcri- 
mental Biochemistry: in the,* 
same year he was elected FRS. 

Here, Dickens directed a 
research group, continuing his 
work on glucose metabolism 
in norma! and tumour tissues, 
oxygen toxicity and carcino- 
genesis, including important 
studies on carcinogenic lac- 
tones and aflatoxin. 

His life-long interest in 
chemical carcinogenesis was 
■continued when he was ap* 
'pointed Director of the Tobac- 
co Research Council 
Laboratories at Harrogate, an 
inspired choice, and a post he 
occupied from 1967-69. 

During this period he was 
influential in advising the 
tobacco industry on the possi- 
bility of devising a “safer*’ 

Dickens, while a most me- f- 
liculous research worker, was 
a gentle and modest man who 
was always ready to play his 
Full part in the wider develop- 
ment of biochemistry. 


Jerzy Putramenl. who died 
in Warsaw on June 23, aged 
75, was not only a leading and 
prolific Polish prose writer, 
buialsoa poet, journalist, and 
politician of some authority 
who. after the war. served his 
country as charge d'affaires in 
Switzerland and. from 1947 to 
1950. as Ambassador to 

. Born m Minsk on Novem- 
ber 14. 1910, into an upper- 
class Polish family, he 
graduated from the Stefan 
Batoru University of Wilno - 
now Vilnius - in 1934. 

He began his literary career 
as a poet, and as a writer in 
Wilno on progressive jour- 
nals. which he edited, one of 
them jointly with Henryk 
Dembinski. later murdered by 
the Nazis, and the future vice- 
premier of Poland Stefan 

It fell foul of 

It fell foul of foe censor, and 
Putrament and iris associates 
were tried as subversive Com- 
munists. The trial provided 
the material for Reality, the 
first of some 50 novels and 
force volumes of poetiy that 
he was to write. 

After the Nazi invasion, he 
escaped from Lvov to Russia, 
where he spent his last two 
ysus in exile as a political 
officer m foe Polish Army. It 

time L * . 

central committee until 1964. 
From 1952 to 1961, he was a 
of foe Sejm, the 
Polish Parliament. 

Putrament called on his 
wartime experiences in many 
ot his writings, whether in 
novels or documentary report- 
September {19S2) was an 
exam P le of the 
foe satirical treat- 
mcm of the pre-war govern- . 

Iwri* 0 foe realistic 
aescnptions of the battle 

( 1 95M- l America 
A!”®* s?yeral books of raetn- 


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- hunt 



: pursuits 

The siren-call of distant lands 
. : dominated the weekend's nan- 
sporting viewing — although 
land per se was all hut invisible 
to the hirsute crew involved in 
Voyage of the Sami ratiok (Sat- 
urday, Channel 4). This was a 
gripping account of a 6,000- 
mile trip from Bali to Mada- 
gascar in a hollowed -out tree- 
trunk, with only a television 
camera, and a paperback copy 
of Robinson Crusoe to r em ind 
one. of life beyond the encir- 
cling waste or water. "Oh, yon 
nasty piece of ocean**, declared 
the expedition's, leader, feel- 
ingly, after yet another scary 
night spent bolding the flimsy 
craft together with palm-fibre 
rope and willrpower. 

The flute-haunted Fenland 
location of A Secret Place* 
which followed on the same 
channel, was altogether more 
reposeful, in a Wi lliam Boot 
kind of way — perky fox-cubs 
sniffing the cam era-ha anted 
air; ' half-timbered badgers 
nuzzling in their cyamlie-free 
set — until a randy fieldmonse 
began persuading fab prospec- 
tive, mate of the argent impor- 
tance of the genetic im- 
perative- "In fact", Snsan 
Hampshire's voice reassured 
ns, just as we were about to call 
the RSPCA, "rape is unknown 
in the animal kingdom." 

The treatment of women 
likemse exercised Clive James 
on Television (LWT). Bins* 
bating his contention that the 
fair sex. now have "an equal 
right to be- made fan of", Mr 
James -scorned the globe for 
sSly commercials in which 
women , prang cars or are 
patronizingly allowed to ape 
male pursuits. And be could 
not resist, at the last, including 
dips from a Japanese endur- 
ance show where jolly girls 
were invited to introduce 
worms, toads and newts into 
their see-tfarongb knickers. 

One sometimes wonders 
whether on, say Mars, Mr 
James's own programmes are 
held tq> as examples of Earth- 
ling frivolity. Meanwhile, 
stoogmg languidly off Barba- 
dos, David Fros t's C aribbean 
Tririal Pursuits (XTV, yester- 
day) proved that nothing suc- 
ceeds like banality. A con- 
vention of "the world's leading 
authorities on the irrelevant" 

. gave Mr. Frost a prone oppor- 
tunity, to demonstrate that no . : 
one can parody his much- ’ 
parodied dictions® well as its 
only begetter. : 

■ ■ “How has it, as they say, 
changed yonr life?", he jnst 
about managed to enquire of 1 
the three joshing beer-buddies 
who invented the phenomenal- 
ly -successful board-game (me 
ramy afternoon in Toronto. In 1 
these . surroundings, as he j 
himsdL observed, nothing is 
too trivial: not even the ques- 
tion "Who said ‘David Frost * 
has risen without tracer" ’ 
“Malcolm Muggeridge", re- 
plied oar presenter confident- \ 
ly. “No", came the response. 1 
"It was his wife." 

The partnership of Bill Alexander and Bill Dudley 
has been doing so well for the RSC that there are the 
highest hopes for their Midsummer Night ’s Dream 
which opens next week: interview by John Higgins 

Dreaming for everyone 

So far the combination of the 
director Bill Alexander and the 
designer Bill Dudley has hit gold in 
the RSCs Memorial Theatre at 
Stratford. First there was Richard 
III* which has just opened in 
Australia and will probably return 
to the Barbican in the autumn to 
boost a tourist-bereft theatre sea- 
son all too short of certainties. 
Then came The Merry Wives of 
Windsor ; less famous but probably 
the greater achievement for the 
director and designer because they 
took a flawed play and transferred 
it without a hitch to' the reign of 
Good King Harold Macmillan in 
the late Fifties. Step three is A 
Midsummer Night's Dream* and 
after tomorrow week it will be clear 
whether the Double Bill as the pan- 
have come to be known in the 
theatre business, have made it a 
triple gold. 

Alexander first suggested they 
should work together on Christmas 
Eve 1983. Before that they had just 
been nodding acquaintances dur- 
ing their joint time at the Royal 
Court. For Dudley it could not 
have come at a worse or — as it 
transpired — a better time. 

DUDLEY: I had had a summer 
and autumn going through all the 

aggro and pains of the Bayreuth 
Ring. Then there was Cinderella at 
the National, which was not exactly 
a success — although I still have 
some affection for my «iwign« It 
was one of those points in the 
cares- when I felt like packing the 
whole lot in. Bill proposed R icha rd 
and we immediately spent an 
evening discussing the three worst 
ways of doing it: you know, 
Orwell's England with eveyone 
dressed in Made. The rest 
is . might say . . . history. 

History continues for Dudley 
when he designs the RSCs Richard 
II later in the autumn. But when 
the Double Bill began to talk about 
The Dream did they also outline 
the three worst possible app- 

ALEXANDER: That would have 
taken days, not an evening. 

DUDLEY: Maybe we've hit on 
one of them. 

Unlikely. Alexander’s first con- 
cept of “The wood near Athens" 
was of a children's playground, a 
space with ropes and tars. This 
could have been a little close to the 
Brook production, which is likely 
to linger in the memory of at least a 

part of the 1986 audience. Dudley 
took the playground idea, first 
thinking of the bomb-sites of his 
native Islington — the kind used to 
such effect m Hue and Cry — but 
then turned to the children's books 
our parents might have read. 

DUDLEY: The sets are influ- 
enced by the post-Rackham, post- 
Dalac period. In the Twenties and 
Thirties the best fairy-tales were 
beautifully and lavishly illustrated. 
The other influences, I suppose, are 
the world of faerie as seen by artists 
like Fuseli and Dadd anti, on a 
simpler level, those picture-books 
so fashionable at the moment of life 
in the hedgerows — such as are left 
— and ditches. It's all very English 
and has nothing to do with German 
witchcraft, werewolves and forests. 
Maybe it's a bit Peter Pan — I see 
Mnstaidseed and the other fairies 
as lost children who have strayed 
into the woods — and maybe it is a 
bit "If yon go down in tile woods 
today . . 

I want to draw the contrast 
between the formal, Hnwirai world 
of Athens, which stands for every- 
thing uncfaOdlike, and the play- 
ground where the mechanicals 
become a bit childish and the lovers 
a bit brattish. 

' v •■«•:. *•?“" 

' -v « 

* Hji: 

-« v •» * jt 

' A 

rr , v 

Could the forests of the Bayreuth 
Ring have any influence? 

DUDLEY: Well, possibly the 
forest in Siegfried, which was after 
all Siegfried's romp-room. I'm 
rather fond of that set, although it 
was the one Wolfgang Wagner 
hated most, possibly tacabse it was 
the one with most scenery. 

This lime round Stratford has 
the same actress playing Titania 
and Hippolyta. but employs sepa- 
rate actors for Oberon and The- 

seus. Is this then Hippolyta’s 

ALEXANDER: It is everyone's 
Dream. Put I want to take a woman 
who is cool and rational when 
awake and the Queen of the Fairies 
in her sleep: with her go the two men 
in her life, one a ruler and the other 
the passionate and poetic Oberon 
The play is about a search Jbr 
completeness, a reconciliation of 
choice: it is a hymn to harmony. 

And the shadow of Peter Brook? 

ALEXANDER: Of course it's 
there and it's irritating. Sometimes 
I find' it difficult to understand how 
a production becomes that famous 
untill recall that it hit on the image 
of how society - and theatre — was 
moving at that particular moment 
in time. That's something which 
happens perhaps once every SO 
years. How would it look now? 

Almeida Festival 

Still evoking over-reactions 

Steve Reich 
Union Chapel/ 

Radio 3 

Steve Reich, 30 this year, is 
possibly slightly surprised that 
his music still produces such 
strong reactions from British 
audiences. This Saturday eve- 
ning concert in the Almeida 
Festival's “Reich weekend" 
was interrupted by shouts of 
“pretentious" and "bour- 
geois" and more monosyllabic 
comments during the tape 
work Come Out. Come out, 
noisily, is exactly what some 
in the audience did. 

Martin Cropper 



Wembley Stadium 

It is four years to the month since the release of 
WbamTs fust single; .“Wham! Rap”, a 
celebration of the joyous aspects of being 
young and unemployed. Not a bad innings for 
George Michael and Andrew Ridgeley, now 
less carefree millionaires, who celebrated their 
retirement as a duo with a final concert in 
front of 80.000 fans at the end of an 
appropriately sun-blessed day. 

Although they clearly held the young, 
brightly-attired audience in the palms of their 
hands.' the show tended to be a rather long- 
winded. indulgent affair. Nearly ten minutes 
were taken up at the start with Michael and 
Ridgeley parading m their skimpy black 
outfits up and- down extended catwalks at 
either side of the huge stage. 

But, when they knuckled down to playing 
some of zheir brass-driven hits, singing and 
dancing at the centre of the stage with their im- 
maculately dressed band and backing singers 
behind them, they showed themselves capable 
of knocking out a sharp dance-song better than 
any of their "pop phenomenon” predecessors. 
“Bad Boys” was the first to get the crowd to 
their feet, and towards die end “Freedom" and 
“Young Guns" found the pair at their most 
confident and inspired besL - - 

The imbalance between the contributions of 
Ridgeley and Michael which lies at the heart 
of iheir'decision to quit, became increasingly 
evident as the show p rog res s e d. Ridgeley 
hardly ever sang, and when be took off on his 
many galloping runs along the catwalk, his 
guitar pushed to one side, there was nothing in 

It is hard to know what 
provoked this reaction, unless 
it was an understandable aver- 
sion to listening to loudspeak- 
ers rather - than five per-: 
formers. Come Out, now 20 
years old, is innocuous, 
enough. Tape loops of some- 
one saying “come out to show 
him" gradually separate, so 
that the sibilant of "show” is 
extended into a percussive 
rhythm that eventually over- 
whelms the words. If one is 
unsympathetic to the concept 
of a five-word phrase being 
repeated about a thousand 
times, there is little point in 
attending a Reich event 

Oddly. Music for a Large 
Ensemble, which carries the 
same processes to much more 

sophisticated ground, had 
bon well received. Perhaps 
that was because the perform- 
ers — a happy alliance of the 
New London Percussion En- 
semble, Circle and Singrirde 
— communicated so well their 
own enjoyment of this hyp- 
notic piece that works tiny but 
cumulatively significant 
changes on a thick, reedy 
astinato. A team of xylophon- 
ists keep up a jangling toccata, 
while four trumpeters (placed 
dramatically in the gallery) 
blaze- out rich major-sevenths 
at intervals. James Wood 
conducted, stooping to pound 
a vibraphone now and then. 

The other work was the 
. more recent Tehillim, setting 
psalm textsin Hebrew for four 
sopranos, often in close canon, 
while a string quintet and 
electronic organs mark out a 
■very slow harmonic basis. 
Percussionists, presumably 
with leathery hands, stand 
around clapping syncopated 
rhythms. The problem is that 
when he abandons minimalist 
techniques (as he hugely does 
here) Reich's inspiration 
seems a long way below, for 
example, Bernstein's in Chich- 
ester Psalms, while aiming; for 
much the same, sugary effects. 
Again, however, the perform- 
ers brought the piece to life by 
radiating enthusiasm and con- 
siderable expertise under 
Gregory Rose's direction. 

Richard Morrison 

J*?**i& -t 

V" w, • . 

= ' 

r j, 

,v >- 4 > • 


Dominating: George Michael at 

the sound-balance to indicate that he had 
stopped playing, nor any change when he 
started again. 

Mich ad dominated, even to the point where 
a guesting Elton John, dressed in a ludicrous 
parody of Ronald McDonald, confined him-, 
self to providing piano accompaniment to 
Michael's version of “Candle in the Wind". 
But the duo ended as they might best be 
remembered, with their arms together, singing 
“I'm Your Man" and giving a great deal of in- 
nocent pleasure to a large number of people, 

David Sinclair 

Almeida Players/ 
Almeida Theatre 

On a stiffiiog evening it was 
difficult enough just listening 
to a long programme of pre- 
mieres. So those who had ' to 
perform it - a fine ad hoc 
group called the Almeida Fes- 
tival Players, directed unflag- - 
gjngly by Oliver Knussen and 
Sian Edwards — deserved 
medals; they must have per- 
spired pints. I hope the grate- 
ful composers restored the 
players' liquidity levels in the 
traditional manner. 

The listeners’ rewards were 
not always that tangible. But 
new Knussen pieces usually 
have something of interest, 
and in Music for the Saxon 
Shore (adapted from inciden- 
tal music for a David Rudkin 
play) it was the weird use of 
overlapping brass glissandi to 
evoke “werewolves at night by 
Hadrian's Wall". At least we 
now know where the wild 
things really are. 

After this pithy if sombre i 
beginning, Marcel Wengkx’s 
Sonare a tre seemed extended 
far beyond what its initially 
interesting material could sup- 
port However, it certainly 
made more of an impression 
than Peter Lieberson’s Feast 
Day* also receiving its British 
premiere. The title led one to 
expea something rather jollier 
from the Harvard music pro- 
fessor than this long, well- 
crafted but unprepossessing 
work for the four instruments 

Henze’s Cherubino* a sur- 
prisingly unruffled piece of 
solo-piano lyricism with Mo- 
zart references surfacing more 
obviously as the music pro- 
gressed, was given a stylish 
first British performance by 
Suzanne Cheetham. Then fol- 
lowed the evening's high 
point: an excellently prepared 
account of the lush, exuberant 
Sonato for Two Pianos by the 
Edinburgh composer Geoffrey 
King At the keyboards were 
Richard Beauchamp and the 
1 5-year-old David Home, 
who showed musicianship far 
beyond bis years. 

Finally came the premiere 
of David Paul Graham's four- 
movemeni Symphony for 
harp, keyboards and percus- 
sion — the last word euphe- 
mistically standing for a 
terrifying arsenal of heavy 
metal filling the Almeida's 
performing arena entirely. 
This was not music for con- ' 
noisseurs of the delicate arts. 

r\o«r»o quality, she never turns in a 

JL/allCC simply routine performance, 

- , , .. , somehow maintaining a sense 

Ashton ballets of excitement and spontaneity 

rvimit Clurrit*T> in ^ 10 choreog- 

covem uaraen raphy and ^ music _ i n ^ 

way she has made herself both 
■Friday night's performance at an example and a yardstick for 
Covenl Garden had Scenes de the younger dancers, several 
ballet restored, for the last of whom were taking on new 
time this season, to its proper roles in the other ballets on 
place as the keystone of the Friday. Les Patineurs, espe- 
Royal Ballet's Ashton pro- cially, gained from a transfu- 
gramme, once more with Les- sion of new blood 
ley Collier's wonderfully dev- Errol Pickford. playing the 
eloped account of the ballerina blue skater for the first time, 
role serving as focus of a good showed a splendidly forthright 
cast attack in all his solo entries. 

With Collier nowadays you There is a welcome crispness 
know that every gesture, every in the way he shapes the steps, 
step, will be in the right place giving his dancing a clear 
at the right time with the right outline and feeling of purpose, 
emphasis. Yet, for all the A nice balance of neat and 
comforting reliability of her nigged qualities ensures his 

the younger dancers, several 
of whom were taking on new 
roles in the other ballets on 
Friday. Les Patineurs, espe- 
cially, gained from a transfu- 
sion of new blood 
Errol Pickford, playing the 
blue skater for the first time, 
showed a splendidly forthright 
attack in all his solo entries. 
There is a welcome crispness 
in the way he shapes the steps, 
giving his dancing a clear 
outline and feeling of purpose. 
A nice balance of neat and 
nigged qualities ensures his 

work has an attractive mascu- 
linity, and he brings out the 
humour of the role without 
any need for funny feces or 
exaggerated gestures. 

Maria Almeida and Viviana 
Durante as the blue girls 
matched his liveliness in the 
trio. They are the best- 
matched pair I have seen in 
(his revival and what is 
particularly likeable about the 
way they play the ports is that, 
while malting much of the 
chances for virtuoso display. 

which he wreaks his havoc, a 
wild enthusiasm in his swift, 
soaring dances toa 
Phillip Broomhead as Ober- 
on shows a long line, a soft 
strength and a poetic thought- 
fulness that could develop 
into an outstanding account of 
the part. He still needs, how- 
ever. to bind his wide-ranging 
movement and eager, impetu- 
ous manner into a more 
coherent whole. As a first step 
he might reconsider the excess 
of green make-up around his 

they give the impression of eyes and across his cheeks that 
skaters really enjoying their suggested a decaying phospho- 

outing on the ice. 

Peter Abegglen, in his first 
solo role since joining the 
company, played Puck in The 
Dream with qualities not un- 
like Pickford's. There is some- 
thing feral about the glee with 

rescence. Karen ' Paisey, the 
new Titania, danced prettily 
but without sparkle; whatever 
happened to the joy she used 
to bring to every role? 


^TTAomnrc to go to bed with them. 

” , . Perhaps inevitably, Rodney 

Croydon Warehouse fens for a paragon of homo- 

■ - 1 - 1 111 — — sexual hypocrisy, a prosperous 

- amusement-arcade owner 
The title of Anthony Davi- (Keith Drinkel) with a white 

UKcncumui. Lucre is sonic- Tin ■ i 

thing feral about the glee with JOIlIl rerClV2x 

Other music in London 

The A&e of bora in the voice as much as 

p, the feet Similarly, linear iro- 

iUUlgmeninent petus, as well as harmonic 
Flizahrth Hall forcing, grew out of the grace 

dizd.DC in of the sliding suspensions in 

Act Hi's Prelude. 

It was a performance in 

son's new play suggests the 
Hull Track Company in an 
especially frivolous mood; but 
frivolity, unfortunately per- 

Cortina who keeps his procliv- 
ities well under wraps and 
reciprocally despises the un- 
abashed flaunting of Derick 

Any new group which laun- 

ches itself with the music of every way worthy of its com- 
Rameau cannot be all tad. poser — and equal to him in 

haps, is far from the author's and his kind. Rodney’s patron 
intention. Instead, he gives us plucks him from the crimping 
a sharply observed and affeo world, sets him up as house- 
tionate account of growing up keeper and lavishes presents 
homosexual in the mid-1960s on his mother (Maggie 
which degenerates into a te- OUerenshaw) — which is dis- 
dious exercise in agonized tinctly odd, considering that a 

And any work by Rameau 
which, at its premiere, had the 
“monstrous many notes” jibe 
thrust at it to quote Mozart's 
Emperor about his Seraglio, 
does pretty well for itself too. 

imagination, art and daring. 
Sigiswald Kuijken directed 
from the first violin desk. He 
is the first in a series of 
projected guest directors, in- 
cluding Simon Rattle, Charles 


Michael Pavelka's four-part 
set advertises the piece's over- 
extended ambitions: a park 
bench for sensitive exterior 
dialogue; a Tretchikoff-hung 
domestic interior for fraught 
personal revelations (the 
house number, roguishly 
enough, is 69); another, some- 
what scruffier, sitting room in 

series of inserts (culminating 
in an utterly predictable no- 
son-of-mine scene) has estab- 
lished her as an archetypal 
net-curtain moralist. 

One takes Mr Davison's 
obvious point about the brit- 
tleness of conventional reac- 
tions to sexual deviancy when 
confronted with material 
prosperity (and also the more 

So it was when The Age of Mackerras and Frans Braggen: 
Enlightenment struck up with a cross-section which speaks 

the Suite of Dances from 
Rameau's tragic opera Dor- 

tellingly of the ouilook of this 
self-governing band. It is no 

danus. From the first notes of accident either that their own 
the Ouverture there was ex- line-up includes such lively 

which (paradoxically) to come f u .^ e implication that we 
out; and, dominating all a wlera, f iJJ «*■*; ■*» *9 
splendidly lurid hairdressing « ■ mothe ^ s 
parlour in Sireatham, con!: role both overtardens a prom- 
plete with screaming pink 4 ^ 1 ? nce<1 set'OP and 

wallpaper, egg-yolk-yellow introduces the midget 
padded vinyl swing doors and V 9J.°? ^ heroism with 

the legend "You're Welcome her son seeks tenmnal 

To . . . CUT AND COME ° bbvion P»ta and Famous 
AGAIN'” Grouse (the ferewell-cruel- 

worid scene). 

Rodney (Zach Vanderfejt), Many of the audience wifi 

T "2 th doubtiks recognize Rodney’s 
theatrical ambitions who ap- painful passage as factually 
,n temple of truthful but, in allowing these 
ted taste^ is quickly recog- (presumably auiobiographi- 
S a 6 °<£ 05 cal) episodes to take the play 

resident Auntie : Denck over, the author has lost sight 
(Kevin Hyoil Together Urey of possibilities of his 
rave over Shiriey Bassey and conception: one cannot but 
compare perspectives on tireir recall similar material being 
predicament. Denck, at 30. is used to more satisfying effect 
a fully out queen, while the in Orton and Hall i wells novel 
W Rc J? ney ^ The Boy Hairdresser. Ted 
still afford to enhance his Craig’s production is remark- 
auracuons through sexual am- able chiefly for Mr Hyot’s foil- | 
bivalence; each labours under blooded jmpe^oaation of the 
the eternal dilemma of fancy- mincing, not unregal Derick, 
mg “straight men. i.e. pre- ■■ ~ ~Z7_ 

risely those who do not wish IViHTtin UTOppcr 

ritement in the air: could this 
at last be a group of musicians, 
neither specialist nor dilet- 
tante, unscathed by political 
wrangling, and able to make 
an audience forget for a mo- 
ment whether or not the flutes 
are made of wood and whether 
the direction comes from ba- 
ton or bow? 

Forty-five minutes* and five 
acts’ worth oftinglingly inven- 
tive music passed in what 
seemed like a quarter of an 
hour. The first-beat whine of a 
triple measure which marks 
period playing was subsumed 
into a longer line, acknowledg- 
ing that the dance, too, was 

and historically uncategor- 
izable musicians as Jennifer 
Ward Clarke, Antony Pay, 
Anthony Halstead and the 
ubiquitous double-bassist 
Chi-chi Nwanoku. 

Thanks to them, Gossec's E 
flat Symphony stood its own. 
bright with the sort of detail 
which lifted it from its supine 
position as bridge between 
Rameau (whose protegfi he 
was) and Haydn — whose 
Symphony No 83, played with 
vigour and lucid insight, end- 
ed an evening which could be 
quite some beginning. 

Hilary Finch 

DAVID WILLIAMSON’S "A Biting Witty Play "4 
SIJI I J "Magnificent - 5 

_ SEE IT Time 0u! 


CVIlM/mUM^THFimiF CloriasCnal*n<I.W2. Bm imnVt->X3B*B3neSfSM33ntt999S 


What’s it like 
to have a price on 
your head? 


A Comedy Musical 

“A winner all the way" 

Jack Tinker, DatyWiaB 


Opens Wednesday 


Pan ton Street London SW1 
TW; Ol -930 3678 


Our comprehensive 10-week course on the 

ravers Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Film, Design, 
Photography etc. 


Information from the Principal, Mis Helen Frayfing MA (RCA), 
4 Montpelier Street. LONDON 5W7. 

Teh 01-584 0667. 

. . the most adventurous 

musical season m the world” 

The Ghjrdun July 198) 


18 July - 13 September 

Personal /Telephone booking opens today 
Royal Albert Hall 
Box Office: 01-589 8212 
Credit Card booking: 01-589 9465 
Or book through Tickermaster too booking fee) 
01-379 6433 




8 King Street, London SWL Teh 01-839 9060 
Monday 30 June at 11 ajn. and 2.30 pjn. 

Tuesday 1 luly at 10.30 a_m. and 2.3D pm 
Wednesday 2 July 11 a sn. 


Thursday 3 July at U aan. 


Thursday 3 July at 11 a.m. and 2.30 p m. 

Friday 4 Tuly at 11 a.m 

C hri sti e 's King Street is open for viewing on Sundays 
from 2 pan. to S pin. 

Beldaxe, Tuam, Co. Galway, Ireland 
The Property of The late Percy Paley, 

Sold by Older of the Executors 
Wednesday 2 July 

Furniture, Pictures, Silver, Objects of Art, 
Porcelain and Household Effects 

Thursday 3 and Friday 4 July 

A Very Important Genealogical and Irish 
History Library 

In conjunction with Hamilton & Hamilton 
(Estates) Ltd. 

For further information please phone (041) 332 8134 

Christie's South Kensington is open for viewing on 

Mondays untQ 7 pan. For information on the 
13 sales this week please telephone 01-581 7611 

Christie's hare 25 local offices in the UK. If you 

would like to knowthe name of your 

nearest representative please telephone 

Caroline Treffeame on 01-588 4424 

Young ganneis are growing in 
their nests on island cliffs, bat- 
some will die from a new 
hazard. The nests are usually 
made of seaweed, but gannets 
also pick up coloured nylon - 
threads from fishing nets, and 
weave it in with the other 
material. Subsequently it gets 
tangled round the legs of both 
nestlings and aduhs. In the 
Channel Islands, winter sorties 
have been made by helicopter to 
remove the tons of nylon on the 

Most duck are going into 
"eclipse", when the brightly, 
coloured males look more like 
the females. Drake shovder lose 
all their brilliant green, white 
and chestnut, and turn into a 
muddy purple; drake pintail lose 
their fine neck-pattern. They 
will all resume their distinctive 
plumage in the autumn. 

Giant hogweed is in some 
cases 10 foot high, and in recent 
years has often formed populous , 
colonies. These small forests are 
dangerous, since touching the 
plant in sunlight brings up 
blisters. The spires oC rose-bay 1 
willow herb are on the point of 
opening; orange hawkweed (or 
fox and cubs) was originally a - 
garden plant but is becoming a 
common wild flower in the 
north. Stoat families hum in 
packs and take many young 
rabbits. DJM 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
defence, first day. 

Lords (2.30): Social Security 
Bill, committee, third day. 

Bypass work at Crownarsti HB c a 
1*9* Hno traffic wftfi temporary Sghi 
Hantey-on-Thames la Doreha t tffi fid. 
Roadworks begin it (unction A [Fri 
toterchanga) min siprrad onto S be 
carriageway ctosad, a contraflow 
opera* on the London boutd route ■ 
Wednesday. Mi: Contraflow bet* 
functions i CMIOJ and 9 (Harpenden) 
at junction II (Curtsaaa). 

The M dto n d a: INS: Lana restrict 
and some overran carriageway dos 
on weekdays between junction; 
(BromraroveJ and S (Dratwicfi)- 
Centraftow N of Ne w ar k at Cram 
Nottinghamshire. M5& Contraflow 
tween junctions 2 (A417) and 3 (84 
Herotart and Wtoreestar. 

Vha North: Mb Contraflow due 
repairs between junctions 31 (Pres 
and 32 (Btackpocfl wttti traffic token 
bound carriageway from M55/N5 
sWaed to a single lane. M82: Resurto 
work between umions 19 (Heywi 
md 21 (A640 'Rochdale) causes I 
downs. *69: Roadworks causa de 
at Tyne Bridge. Hexham. 

Winning numbets in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000: 32AP 
574203 (the winner litres in 
Nottingham); £50,000: 6DF 
598395 (Devon); £25,000: 16YT 
081246 (Peterborough). 


Births: John Gay, author of 
The Beggar's Opera, Barnstaple. 
Devon. 1 685: Sir Joseph Dalton 
Hooker, surgeon and botanist 
director of Kew Gardens, 
Halesworth, Suffolk. 1817: Sir 
Stanley Spencer, Cookham, 
Berkshire, 1891. 

Deaths: Movtezonta H, last 
Aztec emperor of Mexico, Mex- 
ico City. 1520: John WDUam 
Strutt 3rd Bam Rayfeteh. 

physicist, Nobel laureate 1904. 
Wiiham. Fjxm 1910: Manwrv 

Tower Bridge 

Witham. Essex. 1919; Margery 
Allinghaai. novelist Colchester, 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 8.40am approximately. 

Naval mutiny at The Nore 
D Dressed. 1797. 

6 am to midnight 

ers; St Bartholomew's Church. 
Armley. Leeds. 8. 

Concert by the Mostyn House 
School Choir Liverpool Cathe- 
dral, 5.30. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,085 

The week's walks 


1 Confirm a man refusing 
strong drink is French (6). 

4 Loans saved, can rebuild 

( 8 ). 

18 Before one's placed in the 
church it should be correct 

11 The division set about the 
American detectives (7). 

12 Put in a difficult position 
when a lip gave offence (10). 

13 He has his pride! (4). 

15 Time for getting level (7). 

17 Odd posture adopted by a 
man speechifying (7). 

19 Refuse in sink (7). 

21 Make an image of Muse (7). 

23 Issue a description of them 

24 Conclude gold and black 
may be approved of (10). 

27 Edible shellfish needs salt 
and nothing else (7). 

28 One who feces the truth 
about a bed (7). 

29 Member of the ballet com- 
pany could be Sudanese (8). 

30 A story for example seen in 
advance (6). 


1 Dread capture (9). 

2 A down-trodden machine- 
operator (7). 

3 “I know the names of 
beings animaicutous" (Gil- 
bert) HO). 

5 7 down having risen sped 
work (9). 

6 A little sea! gains she) 
among seaweed (4). 

7 Note deposited in a box 
5 down (7). 

8 Determined to get 
money back (3. 2). 

9 Man receiving royal len 
and present (4). 

14 Change of accent is app 

16 Coloured head's lack 
experience (9). 

18 Withdrew soldiers and < 
cussed terms (9). 

20 Study article in vessel's hi 

22 A drop in the ocean (3-4), 

23 Remained sound, being : 
her (5), 

25 Boatmen can get so up 
about a river (4). 

26 European staff (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,084 
will appear 
next Saturday 

The pound 

Rates lor snafl denummatton bsnl 
only as suppieU by Barclays Bar 
Diffareni rates apply to tra* 
cheques and other foreign a 

Ratal Price Index: 388 
London: The FT tntox dosed up 
1354.4 on Friday. 

NewYoric The Dow Jones Muss 
Mmge closet/ up SJ» at W5 


* 27 81 Cologne s 29 82 MffiO 
8 26 T9 CTphegn a 22 72 fiS 
f 27 81 Corfu « 28 82 MM 
s 30 SB DubBn c 15 58 IM 
s 25 77 Ditoraw* s 28 79 Mato 
I 26 79 Fere s 23 73 Wan 
s 35 95 norencc s 30 86 Ms 
t 29 8« Frarfrfurt s 27 81 Mum 
fr 26 79 Funchal a 21 70 Mom 

Geneva s 28 82 Muni 

th 25 77 G&rakar a 26 79 Naira 
I 22 72HCWM S 23 73 Naph 
HengK I 31 88 NO* 
c 19 68 bmfeck I 26 79 N Ya 
C 20 68 Mm** S 23 73 Me* 
s 28 82 JarhWi * 35 SS Oak) 
8 25 77 Jo-burg' s IS 59 PwW 
f 25 77 Karachi c 33 91 Petor 
LPeton s 23 73 Peril) 
a 30 88 Lisbon f 23 73 Pragi 
f 17 63 Locum 8 28 82Rojk 
e 22 72 L Angela* f 28 79 Rhod 
8 27 91 Lumubg e 27 81 Rod 
i 8 10 50 Me*M * 30 88 Ryec 
■ denotes Saturday sflgures i 

Sun Rain 


























13.1 , 























































1.0 1.13 











.66 22 






Royal engagements 
The Prince of Wales attends a 
reception to launch SANE 
(Schizophrenia National Emer- 
gency) on behalf of the Schizo- 
phrenia Appeal Charity, Aubrey 1 
House, Aubrey Walk. W8, 7.3a 
The Princess of Wales attends 
a reception in aid of The Dance 
Teachers Benevolent Fund at 
the Summer Exhibition of the 
Royal Academy of Arts, Picca- 
dilly, Wl. 7. 

Prince Edward opens the 
Peterborough Extension of the 
Nene Valley Railway, Wansford 
Station. 1 1; and then, attends a 
lunch given by the Peterborough 
CHy Council. Town Hall, Peter- 
borough. 12.50. 

Princess Alice, Duchess of. 
Gloucester, visits The Royal 1 
Agricultural Society of England 
Show and. opens the new Royal 


of the musical than he will. 

However, Joyce Nettles, 
who resigned as the RSCs 
casting director last Decem- 
ber. was quoted as saying Les 
Miserabies was ‘Transparently 
a commercial operation being 
tried out and test by a subsi- 
dized company”. 

Sir Peter and Mr Nunn 
defended their positions by 
saying their deals were “vetted 
down to the last comma by 
our boards and then by the 
Arts Council”. 

Tndflv’s Fvptife 

Flats go 
at press of 
a button 

Two blots on the landscape, 
then going, going, gone . . . 
This view in Rochester, Kent, 
changed dramatically yester- 
day as two 16-storey tower 
Mocks standing 160 feet high 
were reduced to a pile of rabble 
In a few miantes. 

And the (ask of demolishing 
the former council accom- 
modation was executed by two 
' children. 

Jamie Wild, aged 4, and 
Michaels Hitchcock, aged 12, 
both of Strood, pressed the 
buttons which triggered a 
series of deafening explosions. 
They were set in place by 
Ogden, a firm of demolition 

The buildings came down 
withont breaking a pane of ; 
glass in nearby booses. 
Photographs: John Manning 

Britain faces reprisals for stand on sanctions 

Continued from page 1 
recognize how foolish it would 
be to drive them into the 
laager where dialogue would 
be impossible. 

“We are deliberately not 
going armed with a threat, a 
Big stick, a weapon of that 
kind because it is the judge- 
ment of the European Com- 
munity that the South African 
Government is not best calcu- 
lated to respond to that kind 
of approach.” 

In a thinly-veiled reference 
to sanctions he said: “We 
don't want to go down that 
road because it is our convic- 
tion that it will make change 
less likely. 

“1 am going to South Africa 
armed with the strongest 
weapon in the world — the 
overwhelming weight of com- 
monsense, the sense of moral 
justice, which the whole world 
feels - that apartheid must be 
brought to an end.” 

Sir Geoffrey, who is to visit 
South Africa in his new capac- 
ity as President of the Com- 
mon Market Foreign Min- 
ister. denied that Britain was 
“on the hook” over sanctions 
and said the Government was 
working with various world 
organizations to bring about 
concerted action for change. 

Sir Geoffrey said that his 
mission would provide “one 
further chance, an additional 
effort backed by the entire 
authority of the 12 members 
of the EEC to persuade the 
South African Government to 
go down die road which the 
Eminent Persons Group so 
much wanted them to do. . 

“They must recognize the 
extent to which opinion 
around die world is moving 
more and more solidly against 

The Foreign Secretary said 
he could give the president of 
Zambia “an absolute assur- 

ance that the British Govern- 
ment, not a single one of us, is 
motivated by racialism. 

“We all share his deeply 
held sense of affront at the 
state of affairs in South Africa, 
we all share his passionate 
conviction to see that change, 
our differences are what is the 
best way to do iL” 

Although black leaders in 
South Africa have said they 
will refuse to see him. Sir 
Geoffrey said he believed that 
when they reflected on his 
mission they would “engage in 
discussion of the kind the 
whole world is asking for”. 

But speaking from the Zam- 
bian capital, which is the 
headquarters of South Africa's 
exiled African National Coun- 
cil (ANC), Mr Healey said the 
blacks- would not see Sir 
Geoffrey because they were 
deeply disappointed with the 
decisions of the EEC “And 
that goes for a lot of white 

people who are sympathetic 
with the anti-apartheid move- 
ment in South Africa.” 

The Howe mission was seen 
“as a delaying tactic to prevent 
Mrs Thatcher confronting 

He said that white business- 
men in South Africa with 
whom he had had private 
talks also regarded the Emi- 
nent Persons Group analysis 
“as absolutely correct — South 
Africa is sliding straight into a 
bloodbath of terrifying dimen- 
sions in which all their busi- 
ness interests will be lost 
unless pressure can be brought 
to bear on President Botha.” 

Speaking for the first time 
without the restrictions im- 
posed on reporting by the 
Botha Government's state of 
emergency, he said of his visit 
to South Africa: “The situa- 
tion is much more urgent than 
I feared. The Botha regime, by 
imprisoning all the effective 

leaders of the black majority 
in South Africa are making it 
inevitable there will be an 
increase in uncontrolled, un- 
directed violence in the town- 

Mr Healey this weekend 
held talks in Lusaka with Mr 
Oliver Tam bo, the ANC lead- 
er, who told him the so-called 
Frontline states, despite their 
calls for sanctions against 
South Africa by the West, 
were themselves so economi- 
cally dependent on South 
Africa that they would not ban 
trade with the Botha regime. 
Geoffrey's mission was the 
main front-page story at the 
weekend in both English and 
Afrikaans Sunday newspapers 
(Michael Hornsby writes). 

They all concurred that if it 
failed Mrs Thatcher would no 
longer be able to hold back 
what one paper called “a tidal 
wave of sanctions”. 

Contained from page i 
sweeping Westminster for sey* 
eraj weeks about the decline in 
Mr Tebbit's standing among 
MPs. Even members of the 
right wing 92 group, now the 
biggest backbench faction, 
have been talking of finding a 
suitable replacement for Mr 
Tebbit as the standard bearer 
for Thatcherism. 

They have not given up 
hope that he will regain his 
spark, but they want a clear 
sign from him that he believes 
he has the energy and will to 
go for the ultimate prize. 

Mr Baker’s dramatic surge 
forward comes after an im- 
pressive spell as Secretary of 
State for the Environment 
when he earned the respect 
and thanks of his Cabinet 
colleagues for defusing the 
rates timebomb, a success 
which prompted Mrs Thatch- 
er to promote him to the 
electoral !y crucial post of Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science in May. 

Mr Baker attracted 35 per 
cent support from backbench- 
ers stating whom they would 
support in a contest taking 
place after the general elec- 
tion. Mr Tebbit on 16 percent 
■was second, with Mr Walker 
on 9 per cent and Mr Douglas 
Hurd. Mr Michael Heseliine, 
Sir Geoffrey Howe and Mr 
Kenneth Clarke, all on 7 per 
cent. Mr John Moore, seen by 
some as a long term right wing 
candidate, won 5 per cenL 
Other names receiving a single 
vote were Mr John Biffen, Mr 
John Wakebam, the chief 
whip, and Mr Cecil Parkinson, 

It is dear that Sir Geoffrey's 
and Mr Walker's best hopes of 
ever assuming leadership of 
the party depend on an early 

When MPs were asked 
whom their preferrred candi- 
dates would be in a sudden, 
unforeseen contest Sir Geof- 
frey won with 21 per cent Mr 
Walker was second with 18 
per cent Mr Tebbit third with 
16 per cent Mr Baker fourth 
on 15 percent with Mr Hurd 
on 13 per cent and Mr 
Heseliine on 7 per cent 

A notable feature of the' 
survey is that Mr Heseliine 
does not appear to have 
benefited from his resignation 
from the Cabinet 


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Paintings, Drawings and 
Prints by Harry Snook; The 
Library Gallery, Bratton Hall 
College, West Bratton. Yorks; 9 
to 5. 


Concert by Les Petits 
Chanleurs de Douai; Bangor 
Parish Church. 8. 



An anticyclone over the 
Shetlands will continue to 
dominate the weather 
over much of Britain, but 
a thundery trough of low 
pressure will bring fur- 
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Fed policy 
^morale in 
bond trade 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

The tone of tbe financial 
markets has improved, no 
thanks to the Federal Reserve 
Board, which has maintained 
a restrictive money policy. 

Its policy involves a level of 
federal foods of jost nnder 7 
per cent and a slow rate of 
growth of the adjusted mone- 
tary base (tbe smn of currency 
and reserve accounts of finan- 
cial institutions at federal 
. reserve banks) — the monetary 
f^mdatsoa of tbe whole 

In tbe year to last AprO. the 
adjusted monetary base rase 
from $222 billion (£147 bil- 
lion) to $240 billion, a rate of 
increase of 8 per cent Since 
tbe middle of April, the adjust- 
ed monetary base has risen 
from $240 million to $243 

This tight poBcy by tbe 
Federal . Reserve reflects an 
agreement that tbe United 
States would not reduce inter- 
est rates between the middle of 
April and tbe Japanese elec- 
tions next Sunday. 
t • iT ft has had tbe additional 
eflert of arresting the decline 
of the dollar- Thus, between 
tbe week, of April 18 and the 
week of Jtme 20, the Commod- 
ity Research Boreas index of 
interest rates has fallen from 
102 tn99& ’ 

The CRB: currency index 
has fallen from a peak of 105 
(on May ^immediately after 
the Tokyo summit) to 104. 
Hence; . sure the Tokyo sum- 
mit, the deUac has increased 
slightly m-vahe against tbe 
main currencies uf the Organi- 
zation for Economic Co-opera- 
tion and Development, 
id Against, the yen, the 
strengthening of the dollar has 
been mere msteL September 
yen fhtnres peaked at 62$ 
(160) on May 9 — since then, 
they have britenlD 60.54 (1 65). 

- So the -Federal Reserve has 
done the Japanese a big favour 
because the effects of the tight 
Federal Reserve policy since 
April have been, to demoralize 
the bond ’mazier and spread 
coaftswB and uncertainty 
widely throughout the Ameri- 
can financial community.- 
Nevertbdeb: interest rates 
have recommenced their long 
fall. ; r 
On Jne 5, the price of Ur 
7V4 2016 US bond was $9222, 
tO a yield 7.89 per cent. The 
price of this baud has risen to 
1$ 16/32, to yield 7.28 per 
cent This sharp drop in yields 
reflected frets snch as: 

• Durable goods orders in tbe 
first five months of this year 
averaged $105$ billion a 
month, which was exactly the 
same as the average for the 
last four mouths of last year. 

• Non-defence capital goods 
orders averaged S263 billion a 
month in the first five months 
of this year, compared with. 
$282 billion in the last four 
months of last year. 

• Persona! income in tbe first 
five mouths of this year had an 
average monthly growth rate 
of 0.44 per cent, which was 
about half tbe average growth 
rate recorded is last year, 
compared with 1984. 

• Tbe trade deficit last month 
was $1421 billion, which was 
.'jpee tbe average of $13$ 
bidion recorded in the first 
four months of this year, and 
15 per cent greater than the 
average monthly deficit of 
$1227 biflnm recorded last 

Oil prices poised to rise as 
Opec signals new quotas 


Oil prices ait expected to 
start rising slowly today, 
when the markets open, in the 
wake of an apparent willing- 
ness by the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries to accept new output 
quotas and to aim for a steady 
increase in prices towards the 
$20 a barrel marie. 

The new agreement, still 
being finalized during an in- 
tensive but good humoured 
meetings between the 13 
members of the oil producers* 
cartel on the Yugoslavian 
island of Brioni, is a triumph 
for the Nigerian oil minister, 
Mr Rilwanu Lukroan. 

He took over the Opec 
presidency last Wednesday 
after a year in which indeci- 
sion and prevarication, more 
than solidarity, characterized 
the series of meetings held. 

While Iran, Libya and Alge- 
ria have been opposed to 
much that the new president 
has suggested they have been 
persuaded to modify their 
hard line to support Opec and 
not to vote against any sped fie 

David Young, Brioni, Yugoslavia 

While Opec has not been 
able to say that every point it 
agreed on in Yugoslavia has 
been readied unanimously, at 
least it has been able to avoid 
declaring a public spirt. 

The new individual quotas 
readied by the members, in- 
cluding Sheikh Ahmed Zaki 
Yamani of Saudi Arabia, but 
expected to be officially an- 
nounced -today, were worked 
out with Dr Subroto. the 
former Opec president and the 
oil minister of Indonesia. 

There are still areas of 
agreement that have to be 
reached but it is widely accept- 
ed within Opec that a daily 
average production rate of 
about . 1 7.7 million barrels a 
day can be sustained while stiD 
keeping upward pressure on 
world prices. 

Mr Uikman said: “Opec as 
a whole has an agreement that 
individual countries think is a 
matter for them, but we have 
reached an agreement 

Mexico. Angola. Malaysia, 
Egypt, Oman, Brunei and 
Norway have said that they 
are prepared to co-operate 

with Opec. with only Britain 
of the main exporters 
refusing to 

join in any 

Mr Lukman said; “Britain 
must realize that it is in tbe 
same boat as Opec. It needs 
high prices and it is reasonable 
for Opec to expea some form 
of co-operation.'* 

The acceptance ofOpecasa 
target price for its oil of under 
rather than above $20 a barrel 
has partly been due to the 
refusal by Britain to change its 
policy of leaving output from 
the British sector, now run- 
ning at 2.7 million barrels a 
day. in the hands of the 
operating oil companies. 

Beverage plan: Sheikh 
Yamam at the meeting 

Mexican talks continue 

US and Mexican officials 
continued their discussions on 
resolving the debt crisis even 
as a critical deadline neared on 
repayment of almost 51$ bil- 
lion in principle and interest 
technically doe today. 

Senor Gustavo Prtricioli, 

lrt joint Woolworth fate is 
venture ^th institutions 

Mexico's new Finance Minis- 
ter conferred in Washington 
with IMF officials and US 
Treasury and Central Bank 
officials. Senor Petridoli re- 
portedly arrived in Washing- 
ton with an economic 
restructuring proposal 

starts up 

By Our City Staff 

The first new company 
involving a joint venture be- 
tween the private sector and 
London Regional Transport, 
the body responsible for run- 
ning London's underground 
railway, starts trading today. 

Data Networks, a computer 
services company, is jointly 
owned by LRT and Du port, a 
private company which is part 
of Williams Holdings. 

It starts life as a profitable 
operation with a turnover of 
£10 million. 

There is talk of bringing the 
company to the stock market 
some time in the future. 

It is too early to say whether 
LRT itself will be sold to 
private investors but it is 
expected that tbe Government 
!1 bring the semi-private 
body to the stock marker-in 
the long term. 

The move is in tine with the 
Government's intention of in- 
jecting private money into 
LRT. the body set up to take 
control of tbe capital's under- 
ground away from tbe now 
defunct Greater London 

Further joint ventures are in 
the pipeline. LRT already has 
private contractors running 
some of its bus services. 

LRTs own civil engineering 
arm has to compete with 
outside contractors for its 

By Judith Huntley 

The battle for Woolworth merchant bank, which has an 

Holdings is finely balanced 
two days beforeshareholders, 
including several key institu- 
tions. have to decide whether 
• to accept the Dixons Group's 
[ £1.8 billion hostile bid. 

Dixons said yesterday that 
it now bad acceptances for 
more than 20 per cent of the 
Woolworth shares but would 
not comment on Mercury 
Warburg Investment 
Management's decision to 
pledge its 13 .5 per cent stake 
to Dixons. 

Dixons’ merchant bank. SG 
Warburg, said that it had 
acceptances for 13.4 per cent 
of the Woolworth shares, a 
figure which might include 
some MWIM holdings but 
which also took in other 
institutional shareholders. 
Those, acceptances* with the- 
5.2 per cent Dixons bought in 
tbe market, 1.8 per cent of 
written acceptances and fiir- 
| ther pledges over the weekend 
bring the Dixons total to more 
than 20 per cent. 

Woolworth. on the other 
hand, has been promised sup- 
port by Robert Fleming, the 

11.2 per cent stake. 

The other large institutional 
shareholders, the Prudential 
Corporation with 8 per cent, 
the Merchant Navy Pension 
Fund with 4.6 per cent, and 
Charterhouse Japhet with 
per cent, will be cnirial m 
deriding the bid's fate. But 
they have kept quiet about 
their intentions so far. 

Mr Geoffrey Mulcahy, chief 
executive of Woolworth, said: 
“Scaremongering stories put 
out by Dixons about the effect 
of failure of their bid on the 
Woolworth share price are ill- 
founded. On the basis of the 
FT stores index p/e. Wool- 
worth rates a share price of 
over 740p even on reported 
earnings of 37.7p for 1985-6. 
This takes no account of a 30 
per cent rise forecast in pretax 
profits next year." 

The company believes insti- 
tutions will prefer to keep 
their choices open by not 
backing a merger. 

Dixons Group replied, 
through Mr Stanley Kalms. its 
chairman: “The outcome of 
the bid will be determined by 
retailing and financial logic 
not by loyalty. 

The success of Data Net- 
works and other joint ventures 
will determine how soon 
LRTs privatization will come 
into being. 

A spokesman for tbe De- 
partment of Transport, which 
is ultimately responsible for 
LRT, said: “The setting up of 
Data Networks and its possi- 
ble flotation does not in itself 
indicate a speedy move to the 
privatization of LRT." 

London Regional Transport 
is already semi privatized into 
three companies which run all 
its operations. But a move to 
float it on the Stock Exchange 
would need new legislation. 

Gatt still split over 
new round of talks 

From Alan McGregor, Geneva 
Time is running out for the the multilateral trading sys- 

Another US company 
may seek BA order 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Sir Francis Tombs, the 
Rolls-Royce chairman, has 
already warned that if Rolls 
does riot win tbe contract its 

The fight for a £700 million 
order from British Airways for 
aircraft engines looks set to be 
j^ree cornered. In addition to 
the state-owned Rolls-Royce 
and .America’s General Elec- 
tric. the other big American 
aircraft engine producer. Pratt 
& Whitney, is now showing an 
interest in bidding for the 

This was confirmed yester- 
day by British Airways but it 
added that nodetailed propos- 
als had been made. 

GATT committee charged 
with defining tbe detailed 
aims and subject matter of a 
new round of multilateral 
trade negotiations. 

The committee has until 
raidJuly to produce a declara- 
tion for endorsement by trade 
ministers meeting at Ptraia del 
Este, Uruguay on September 
15, so that the new round can 
get underway next year. 

The difficulties that con 
fronted the Gait annual ses- 
sion last November remain 
unresolved: Brazil, India and 
right other developing coun- 
tries oppose moving into a 
new round that includes ser- 
vices and has not been preced- 
ed by a firm commitment 
from the United Stales, the 
European Economic Commu- 
nity and Japan on action to 
slop protectionism. 

Mr Nogueira Battista of 
Brazil speaking for tbe 10 
who have put forward then- 
concept of what the ministeri- 
al declaration should be, said: 
For us tbe central problem 

tern as embodied in Gatt now 
feces is the question of its 

If adequate answers could 
be given at Pnma del Este to 
standstill (no further restric- 
tions not permitted in Gatt), 
rollback (phasing out existing 
restrictions) and safeguard 
(emergency protection of in- 
dustries threatened by imports 
- permitted in Gatt, misused 
in practice) “this would be the 
most tremendous success in 
Gatt's history”. 

In seeking a prior commit- 
ment on these issues, the ten 
hope to prevent this being 
bargained at Pnnta del Este 
against' any concession from 
them on services, which are a 
non-GATT issue as far as they 
are concerned. 

“A partial new round” leav- 
ing out services would be 
unacceptable to the United 
Slates. It and the other two 
major trading blocks have 
supported a compromise 

US faces 
over rates 

From Bailey Morris 

The US Federal Reserve 
Board, faced with a sharp 
slowdown in economic 
growth, is under strong pres- 
sure to lower interest rates to 
avert a possible recession. 

But officials meeting at a 
high level conference in Zu- 
rich have given warning that 
growing policy differences 
among the industrialized na- 
tions made it increasingly less 
likely that there would be 
another coordinated drive to 
lower rates. 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials repeated their call yes- 
terday for a new round of 
international rate cuts as evi- 
dent showed that the global 
economy is dangerously 

Leading Wall Street ana- 
lysts. citing the new figures for 
the rise in the US trade deficit 
last month, predicted that a 
rate cut could come early next 

Much will depend on the 
release of American employ- 
ment figures, due on Thurs- 
day. Analysts expect them to 
reflect the weakness in the 
manufacturing sector. 

Mr Alan Greenspan, a not- 
ed US economist attending 
the Zurich conference, said 
that US growth is a weak 1.5 
per cent, in addition, a recent 
slowdown in Japan and grow- 
ing problems with third world 
debts raised the strong possi- 
bility of another recession 
within the next year, officials 

WaJl Street analysts said the 
economic data will force the 
Federal Reserve Board to 
lower interest rales, possibly 
in coordination with foe Bank 
of Japan soon after the Japa- 
nese election next Sunday. 

But finance officials from 
West Germany and Japan said 
at the Zurich conference that 
they are reluctant to join in 
another international round of 
cuts to stimulate growth. 

Herr Wolfgang Roth, a 
member of foe West Germany 
Bundestag, said that at present 
there is no agreement on 
policy that would lead to 
coordinated actions by the 
industrialized nations to stim- 
ulate growth. 

Indeed. Mr C Fred 
Beigsion. director of The In- 
stitute of International Eco- 
nomics. said that the much 
vaulted “plaza accord” that 
led to a devaluation of foe 
dollar beginning last Septem- 
ber 22 was “now a failure.” 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

A dance to the music 
of economic time 

Anyone who concludes a series of 
columns after a number of years (well 
two and a half, to be precise) must feel 
a need to say thank you. You have 
generously put up with my enthu- 
siasms for the European Monetary 
System, output measures for public 
spending, labour market tax reforms 
and so forth. One is, after all paid for 
one's opinions and not for one's 
doubts. But I have tried not to shove 
them down your throat I confess: 
what I have been trying to do in this 
column is act as a conduit for thought 
channelling to you the views both of 
those who would rather not let them 
be known, and of those who have 
plenty to say but difficulty in m aking 
their thoughts human-readable. 

Both are fun to tap, but require 
different detective skills. Officialdom 
is acutely aware of the policy implica- 
tions of their discussions, and the 
game is to tease these out in advance 
of public and political decisions. 
Academics, on the other hand, live at 
the frontiers of theoretical knowledge, 
but there is gold in them thar bills. 
Fundamental relationships in the 
economy may be changing. 
Economists* models allow those 
relationships to be tested in the only 
way available to a science which is not 
permitted laboratory experiments. 

to realize the lead role now played by 
capital movements. Those arguing on 
the US-Japan see-saw still do not 
seem fully aware of their relative 
weight. But the most important and 
ill-digested change of all is that growth 
in the industrial economy no longer 
necessarily provides jobs. 

In Britain, this has been mightily 
confused by the smelliest red herring 
of the past two and a half years: the 
notion that we have a choice, for the 
future of our economy, between 
''manufacturing” and “services." Tbe 
advocates of manufacturing hold that 
it is labour-intensive and thus the 
answer to our unemployment prob- 
lem: tbe advocates of services that 
they are the sector of the economy that 
will naturally expand in a post- 
industrial society. 

The truth is that we desperately 
need a manufacturing future, but that 
in order to have one we must accept it 
is not going to provide many jobs. A 
variation of this is that the distinc- 
tions between manufacturing and 
services are breaking down faster than 
the statisticians can make them, but 
that a lot of traditional manufacturing 
is going to go the way of agriculture. 
That is, we can only remain compet- 
itive by shedding labour and raising 

output persistently, perhaps until the 
Over tbe past two and a half years, sector employs only a few per cent of 
economic policy has — for better or the labour force. 

worse — been unusually steady m 
most major economies. Perhaps be- 
cause this has offered fewer distrac- 
tions, it has been possible to see how 
some fundamental economic relation- 
ships have changed. 

Another confession: the neatest 
summary of these I have read came 
not from an economist but from a 
professor of management, Peter 
Drucker of the Claremont Graduate 
School in California. In his view, 
some basic connections have been 
severed. The primary products econ- 
omy in which food, raw materials and 
energy are produced — has become 
“uncoupled” from the industrial 
economy. Trade and capital flows 
have almost become detached from 
each other, and the latter clearly 
dominate. And in the industrial 
economy that concerns most of us 
most, production and employment 
have also become “uncoupled”. 

These changes have crept up on us, 
so that they have not been properly 
absorbed into policy-making. The 
persistent weakness of prices for 
primary products, which began in the 
late 1970s, explains the perpetuation 
of the international debt crisis. It is 
not just cyclical. Although there is still 
some bounce in commodities that 
swing from glut to scarcity easily (I am 
naturally delighted to note a new hog 
cycle in the United States) there has 
been a permanent change in demand 
for industrial raw materials, because 
new technology industries require less 
per dollar of added value. Hence 
Professor Dmcker’s “uncoupling”: 
the industrial world can expand while 
the primary producers are stuck in 
glut and slump. 

Likewise, those concerned with 
exchange rate management took time 

There is another way in which the 
agriculture parallel is instructive. In 
contracting employment, agriculture 
has simultaneously spun off a wide 
variety of specialist sub-contractors. 
Old-style manufacturing is going the 
same way. These new businesses, 
mostly classed as services, have much 
in common with “information-based” 
manufacturing springing up at the 
same time. These changes are only 
slowly being understood, but their 
implications for employment must be 
the most important issue of the next 
quarter-decade. They suggest . that 
future jobs will fall in one of three 
categories. Either they will be for the 
highly skilled, in a manufacturing 
sector where output can and must rise . 
fast, but only if productivity rises 
faster still. There will also be highly- 
skilled jobs" in a parallel sector of 
technical services and small-scale 
specialist manufacture, which is a 
fertile source of growth in both 
income and jobs. And there will be 
jobs in the retail, distribution and 
persona! service sectors providing for 
a society whose affluence should 
steadily be increasing. 

The important point to note about 
this area of employment — services as 
they are traditionally seen — is that a 
large and increasing proportion of 
these jobs will be part time. And we 
have not begun to rationalize our tax, 
social security and employment laws 
to fit this pattern of employment to 
those who are, and still will be, 
looking for jobs. But that takes me 
back to a hobby-horse — on which, 
with repeated thanks, I will jog off to 
“another place.” 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 

privatization, planned for foe 
first half of next year, could be 
affected. The implication was 
that the privatization could be 

Mrs Thatcher has said she 
wants Rolls to win the order 
“on merit.” At tbe same time 
there has been specula lion 
that BA has been attracted by 
an extensive financial package 
on offer from General Electric. 

Directors dream of British 
haven with 10% income tax 

By Graham Searjeant, Financial Editor 


TODAY — Interims: Arbutb- 
not Dollar Income Trust Blue 
brow. Epicure Holdings. J 
Hewitt and Son (Fenlonl, 
Mercury Securities. Gakwood 
Group. Television South, 
widney. Finals: Compsoft 
Holdings, .Gresham House, 
keopow Joseph, Lister and 

Company, Mercury Intema- 
1 SSf PCT Group, 
REA Holdings, Welpac. Wig- 
Sins Gronp; Wintaiersrand 

MORROW' - bferhns, 
Benson Gilt Fund. 

K^urGnap, IPA Indus- 

Northern Telegraph Co’s 
Holdings. G F Lovell, North- 
ern Foods, Pepe Group, Reed 
Executive. J Rotiichild Hold- 
ings, Scottish and Newcastle 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Allied Textile Companies, 
Microgen, Trusthouse Forte. 
Finals: Amalgamated Finan- 
cial Investments. Equity Con- 
sort Investment Trust, Hollas 
Group. Mountleigh Group. 

THURSDAY - Interims: 
Hambro Currency Distributor 
Fund. Lonrfto, Willoughby's 
Consolidated. Finals: A F 
Bulgin. Daejan Holdings. 
Davy Corporation, Hswick- 
Hopper, Robertson Research. 

Alexander Russell. 

FRIDAY - Interims: Berkeley 
Technology- Finals: Imry 
Property Holdings. 

If Government spending 
were cut by 29 per cent m 
money terms over tbe next 
decade and asset sales contin- 
ued at the present record level 
indifimtely, Britain could be- 
come a tax haven with income 
tax at 10 per cent by tbe aid of 
1996. the Institute of Directors 

This would be a better route 
to tax reform than changing 
tbe tax system by widening the 
base in order to art rates, tbe 
loD says. In a new paper 
called “The Direction or Tax 
Reform: Controlling the nrge 
to change system,” the Insti- 
tute rejects reforms of foe kind 
recently agreed by tbe US 
Senate or a switch from In- 
come to expenditure taxes. 

The programme entaBs cuts 
of £8.5 billion or 5.9 per cent in 
public spending in 1987-88, 
further cuts of £8-5 billion a 
year in tbe next two years and 
Smaller cats thereafter, accu- 
mulating to £49-5 billion a 
year by the end of the period. 

“This should be well within 
the reach of an economising 
government.” the loD says. If 
this were done, income tax, 
VAT and corporation tax rates 
could all be cut to 10 per cent 
and capital taxes and stamp 
duty could be abolished. But 
the calculations do not allow 
for increases in income tax 
allowances in tine with 


The loD does not rereal how 
it would cot spending hot says 
that the ultimate reduction of 
£493 billion a year is about 
twice the cots proposed by the 
loD in the budget of the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security in an earlier 

Tbe calculations assume no 
change ia the economy. “But 
in so frr as the Government is 
usable or nn willing to make 
these economies, and the 
shortfall is made good by 
economic growth, the scope for 
tax cuts is the same.” 

The loD rejects the idea of 


moving to a balanced Budget. 
“Whereas inflation should 
eventually be kept at zero or 
less, the same does not apply 
to the Budget deficit.” This 
should normally be positive 
and significantly large, though 
well within the bounds of 
financial prudence, the loD 
says. It also rejects American 
supply-side arguments for rat- 
ting taxation. 

“Radical reductions in govr 
eminent expenditure, notably 
on health, education, 
and other forms 
security provision, should 
eventually make possible re- 
dactions in taxation so large as 
to make an Ideal system 
attainable,” it argues. 

Sir John Hoskyns, the 
IoD's director-general, con- 
riades “In a world business 
environment. Britain cannot 
afford tax levels way above the 
competition. It is time to set 
radical long-term tax targets 
and stick to them.” 

Big bang 
boost for 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The commercial building 
sector is likely to grow by 1 5 
per cent in foe next two and a 
half years, outshining all other 
areas of construction, accord- 
ing to forecasts from tbe 
building and civil engineering 
Economic Development 

Office, shop and leisure 
complex building work has 
taken on a continuing and 
growing importance, it says, 
and because it is tbe sector 
that calls for the installation of 
foe most advanced and com- 
plex services — estimated to 
account for up to half the 
value of some commercial 
buildings — the forecasts are 
particularly bullish for consul- 
tants. contractors and 

Much of the activity for 
office builders is concentrated 
in London and the Soufo-easL 
Apart from technological and 
location factors, the forthcom- 
ing big bang in foe City has 
intensified demand for sophis- 
ticated premises. 

The report says: “Mergers 
between stockbrokers and oth- 
er financial firms, competitive 
public relations exercises and 
the excitement created by the 
onset of the big bang have 
strongly boosted demand at 
the lop of the market." 

On foe housing front, the 
report predicts a marked im- 
provement this year, with a 
rise of starts and completions 
in the private sector of 10 per 
cenL The growth is likely to be 
sustained until 1988. it says. 

In contrast, the outlook for 
new council house building is 
said to be “dismal”, with a 
dropof25 percent in tbe years 
to 1988. 

30TH JUNE 1986 


The Bank of England announces that Hr*r Majesty's Treasury has created on 
27th June 1986 and has issued to the Bank, additional amounts as indicated 
of each ot the SiocVs listed below 

El 50 million 
£150 million 
£150 million 

10 per cent TREASURY STOCK. 1992 
8a per cent TREASURY LOAN. 1 997 
93 per cent CONVERSION STOCK. 2004 

The pnce paid by the Bank on issue was in each case the middle market 
closing pnce of the r Levant Stock on 27ih June J98S as certified by the 
Government Broker 

In each case, the amount issued on 27th June 1986 represents a further 
tranche of the relevant Stork, ranking m all respects pan passu with that 
Stock and subiect to the terms and conditions applicable to that Stock, and 
subject also to the provrsxjn contained in the final paragraph of this naiice; 
the current provisions lor Capital Gains Ta« are desenbed below 

Copies of the prospectuses for 10 per cent Treasury Stock. 1992 dated 
t lift November 1977. 3J per cent Treasury Loan. 7997 dated 7th July 197 > 
and 10 per cent Treasury Convembte Stock. 1990 dated 13th January 1984 
(which contained the terms of issue ot 9- per cent Conversion Stock 2004) 
maybe obtained at the Bank of England. New issues. Watting Street, London. 

Application has been made to the Council of The SiocV Exchange for each 
further tranche ol stock to be admitted io the Official List. 

The Stocks arc repayable at par. and interest is payable half-yearly, on the 
dates shown below 


ID per cent Tratsuy Sioci. 1992 
9i percsm FoscyLoan. 1997 
9f per cent Ctxaeman SikJ. 3XU 

ifed's’^nr ere 
ristMrux-, 1997 

1st SflJWTTiDw 199’ 

SifiGttrtiK 20C- 

hmt wiKW ones 
2 is; Feemaiy 
1st Siweirfcer 
25i*> AprJ 

Each further tranche of slock will rank for a luH Siv months - interest on the 
next mteiesi payment date applicable to the relevant Stock. 

Each ol ihe Stocks referred to m this notice is specified under paragraph 1 
of Schedule 2 to the Capital Gams Ta» Aer 1979 as a gilt-edged security 
(under current legislation e»empr from tav on capital asms on disposals m ade 
on Of after 2nd Jufy IS86. irrespective of the pence for wtt, c h the Stock * 

Gciiernmerrf stjfemenr 

Attention is diawn to the staiemeni issued by Her Mjrjsty s Tteasurv on 
29th May 1985 which explained that, in the interest o' ine oi deity conduct 

01 fiscal policy, neilher Her Majesty's Government nor the Ban* of England 
or their tespcctne vemanis ot agents undertake to d-icfoca la* changes 
decided on bin noi yet announced, even where they may specifically affect 
the terms on which, or the conditions under wfu-h. these further tranches ol 
stock are issued or sold by or on be half ol the Government or the Bank, that 
to responsibdtiy can therefore be accepted lor any onussion to htaht such 
disclosure: and that such omission shaH owhei render any transaction tuple 
to be set aude nor give ose to any claim lor componsehon. 



2 7 in June 1986 






390 to MBhb> 

1065m Amar Tnnt 

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128-Sm UaacMnB 
90.6m totals 
77.8™ Bmry 
22271s Br inn 

2820m Br tow 
SSOm Bum 

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17 *■ Dart* he 
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1088m Drayton Cm 
293m OttyUi For EM 
1883b Drayton japan 
871m Edn Amyr ««tl 

4120b EtWXJttt 
851b Cycot Ctn 
31 an Emm tot 
71 7m Engkati Scot 
2293 m Enm 


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2276b Rams Haarit 
1875 b Ramng Omhs&s 
907ra Fleming T«l 
85 2 w neramg iMnrM 

BB0H For Col 
488b QT Japan 
bZftn General Fma 
67 to Omna Corn 
«2» G&*5(r» Start 

978 7m GUM 
1112 m Oornn Mne 

318 25 43« 
28 6 3 8 371 

«e 30 370 
83 23 88.1 
08 08 .. 
35b 30 MO 
15B 08 .. 
17 4.7 314 

07 1 7 565 
217 50 270 
30 35440 
3148 3.7 3S5 
05 02 . 

110 8.1 177 

148 48 31.7 

i.b oa .. 

1A 02 .. 
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15 08 859 
4.7 13 424 
688 1.8 818 
66 35363 
10 22 545 

20 10 875 

16 14 575 

21 1.1 788 
140 4530.1 

87 11.6 60 

82 10 BOO 

70 4.1338 

1190 15 403 
14 15 . . 

16 26 520 
07 08 .. 
51 3240.7 
U 25467 
30 11685 

88 22837 

200 1.1 .. 
25 17 67.0 
155 6 1 272 

30 20640 

28 to TR Anna gs 

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4180a TiMiGm 1B2 
66 to to wmi Dei m 
BDto TO Ml AfllMa « 
1142m TO tone Onto IBS 
77 7m TH Property iso 
2335a TO Teen tofi 

1434m TO Trustors 181 
5S5M Trait to 1S7 
1860 b Throgmorton 296 
125 b ThroB Sanmo Cap 370 
73to Tran* Oceans 206 
678 b TMam 132 

21.6b IWHtot K 91 
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so IB wanrtin i M 

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78 45 27.4 
*4 115 45314 

+4 95 27 51 4 

42 30 30875 

.. iSfl 170 65 
90 35615 
-1 25 65 211 

22 17 432 
-3 SO 29 47.7 

• -1 45 13*7 

-I 13.7b 35 38.1 


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i Argyu 
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i smr nh coiat 




28 238 






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The Littlewoods 

Organisation: Mr David Jones 
has become associate director, 
food buying. 

Jonas Woodhead & Sons: 
Mr Charles Stephen 
Birkinshaw is to be financial 
director and Mr Brian Powefl 
commercial director. 

Wrightson Wood: Mr Nich- 
olas CobboM has been named 
as an executive director. 

Leeds and Holbeck Building 
Society: Mr T G Torn boll has 
joined Jhe board. 

I CL Mr Thomas H Wyman 
is to be a non-executive 

Union Carbide Corpora- 
tion: Mr John H Bees has 
been made group vice-presi- 

dent, chemicals and plastics, 
and Mr Ashley W Late presi- 
dent, industrial chemicals di- 
vision, in succession to Mr 
B ees . 

De Groot Co His: Mr Trevor 
Sherling has joined the 

BP Venezuela: Dr £ J 
Walters is to become presi- 
dent He will succeed Mr J P 
Odooe, who is to join the 
board in a non-executive 

Clark Bobcat Mr G L 
Keuppens has been made 
managing director, succeeding 
Mr Gerald Cardon. 

Fen church Scott Reinsur- 
ance Brokers: Mr Jonathan 
Fable has become an assistant 


SIGN: Total dividend l-2p for 
the year to March 31, 1986. 
Turnover £1.31 million 
(£946.000). Pretax profit on 
ordinary activities £504,000 

a nee sheet at the year-end and 
net assets up six-fold over the 
previous year, Mr David 
Callcott, the chairman, expects a 
further year of expansion 
through an increased range of 
services and possible 
acq uisitio ns. 

dividend held at 1.2p for die 
half-year to Feb. 28, 1986. 
Turnover £7.09 million (£7.53 
million). Profit, before tax and 
extraordinary items, £412.000 
(£421.000). Earnings per share 
l.59p (1.54p). The board es- 
timates that pretax profit for the 
full year will be similar to the 

previous year (£824.000). with 
turnover in the region of £15 

May 31. 1986. Pretax earnings 

•/■il • iHf 4 WA ■ n h I r r * . 1 1 

Total dividend 4.5p (3.6p). 
Eamings per share 5.97p 
(4.37p). Net assets per share 
4S7.4p (362.0p). 

• S&U STORES: Year to Jan. 
31. 1986. No dividend (nil). 
Turnover £37.06 million 
(£36.38 million). Pretax profit 
£632.000 (£761,000). Earnings 
per share 2.09p (3.48p) and fuUy 
diluted. 2.08p (3.29p). 

GROUP: Total dividend main- 
tained at 4p for the year to Jan. 
31. 1986. Turnover £4.45 mil- 
lion (£436 million). Pretax 
profit £333.000 (£539,000). 
Earnings per share S.5p (7.8p). 




New financial groups face 
an overseas onslaught 

In the battle for survival 
and domination of the global 
financial markets of tomor- 
row the new financial con- 
glomerates in Britain have 
some considerable 

Compared with their inter- 
national competitors, they 
are relatively smalL They 
must also learn to play a new 
game called investment 
tanking. But they are still 
choosing their teams and they 
do not yet know what the 
rules will be on their home 
playing field, the City of 
London, where they need to 
be among the strongest play-, 
ers to have any chance of 
“making it” overseas. 

The new British financial 
conglomerates are all busily 
preparing for the big bang. To 
create a fully-fledged invest- 
ment bank, the new City 
groupings must weld together 
their corporate finance de- 
partments with the capital 
markets people to create a 
single product range based on 
corporate advice, and the 
offering of equity and fixed 
interest securities. 

They must integrate the 
functions of the stockbroker 
for successful marketing and 
distribution. They need to 
turn jobbers into market- 
makers to execute the deal. In 
addition, a new breed of 
investment banker is likely to 
emerge who will sell the 
entire range of the invest- 
ment bank's products to the 

Many of these embryonic 
investment banks will have 
“people" problems. For ex- 
ample, the corporate finan ce 
departments of some of the 
British merchant banks rest 
on the pulling power of a 
small number of highly suc- 
cessful “prima donnas," who 
will have considerable diffi- 
culty in accepting that their 
skills are just one of the 
products bong offered by the 
investment banking business. 

Another example of the 
potential for conflict arises 
where a stockbroker merges 
with a merchant bank and 
both have corporate finance 
departments, rack headed by 
able individuals, neither 
whom is likely to want to 
work for the other. 

The two teams cannot be 
run separately side by side for 
long. No bank can. afford to 
take the risk of competing 
with its other in-house corpo- 
rate finance team for a client. 

No-one~can predict the 
future success of any of the 
new groupings in the global 
markets of tomorrow, but 
what can be said with certain- 
ty is that they will all be 
competing with each other 


:• NOMURA £340m 

ggg g DAIWA E4SQm 
|p NIKKO £450m 
YAMAJCH! £41 Om 



lllllll SHEARSON LEHMAN £230m 

gggp FIRST BOSTON E120m 





•E s timated 

-Foracwno Mart* 85 

Raising money in new ways 

The importance of the inte- 
grated investment bank has 
grown as financial markets 
have become more 

Corporate borrowers, the 
big ssers of capital, are steadi- 
ly widening the range of 
financial instruments they are 
prepared to use, and they look 
to their investment banks to 
tailor the source of capital to 

m»lrh their 

For short-term flexibility 
then wifl always he a role for 
the conventional overdraft 
But . traditional commensal 
lending is grad sally being 
squeezed out In favour of more 
imaginative ways of raising 

The suppliers of capital 
have also become more de- 
manding. The growth in pen- 

for market share, not just in 
London but in New York and 

All of this takes money — 
not just to create the integrat- 
ed operation and cope with 
the changing market-place in 
London but to expand over- 

When it comes to money 
the Americans and the Japa- 
nese have a head start The 
British merchant banks are 
dwarfed by the biggest Amer- 
ican investment banks and 
Japanese brokerage houses. 
In terms of profit before tax. 
Morgan Grenfell, Kleinwort 
Benson and Mercury Interna- 
tional-are barely a tenth of the 
size of the major US and 
Japanese bouses. 

The overseas houses have 
their global ambitions, too. 
As well as invading each 
other's markets, they are 

sion funds, and managed fimds 
generally, means that there is 
a steady demand for tradeable 
securities. Increasing afflu- 
ence and greater awareness 
has also made the private 
investor less satisfied to put 
his money on deposit for a safe 
fixed rate of interest 

The Investment bank brings 
together the nsers of capital 
and foe sources of capitaL 
Unlike the commercial bank, 
which traditionally takes de- 
posits and offers loans, foe 
investment bank will more 
usually raise money for his 
client by offering foe client’s 
securities which are tradeable 
on one or other of the world's 

To do this successfully the 
investment bank needs three 
key attributes, origination, 

intent on expanding their 
offices in London. 

The truly integrated invest- 
ment banks are by and laige 
the American houses, which 
have been absorbing foe new 
culture of negotiated rates of 
commission since their “May 
Day" of 1975, the American 
equivalent of the City's big 
bang. The concentration in 
size of the US houses has 
been going on for more than 
10 years, and foe seven 
biggest are shown in the table. 

The Americans have a 
head start in that they are 
already steeped in foe invest- 
ment banking culture and 
bave tremendous financial 
strengths. They may still be 
choosing their teams but, 
unlike their London counter- 
parts. they have learned how 
to play, and they have many 
•years of experience. 

distribution and trading. Orig- 
ination may be loosely defined 
as ways of solving foe client's 
financial problems or achiev- 
ing bis ambitions.This may 
mean acquiring another com- , 
pany, giving any type of ! 
corporate advice or raising , 
money, either fixed interest or 
equity capitaL 

Distribution, or marketing, 
consists of distributing foe 
resulting securities using the 
relationships built np juriong 
foe sources of capital wbfveby 
the securities can be disposed 
of efficiently. 

Trading is simply the ability 
to do foe deal, comply with the 
regulations and complete the 
documentation. In a takeover 
bid it involves advising the 
client at all stages of foe bid 
and doing everything possible 
to ensure that it is successful. 

The Japanese are experi- 
enced in penetrating overseas 
markets. They tackled the 
motor vehicle market slowly 
and patiently, spending mon- 
ey on marketing, develop' ^g 
a reputation for reliability 
and sustaining losses until 
gradually they built up mar- 
ket share. 

In foe face of foe impend- 
ing onslaught on what has 
been until now a closed shop, 
the British conglomerates' 
strongest defence will be the 
established relationships. 
The seekers of capital will 
find it easiest to deal with the 
people they know besL while 
foe supplier of capital will feel 
safer with foe names he 

But the threat from over- 
seas is a real one and should 
not be underestimated. 

Carol Ferguson 

8 r °Up s fa 0 

2" sla ugCl 

■*** * * 


Butchers put on the glamour overalls 



The meat industry is generally 
one of the least well-regarded- 
sectors in the market but 
nestling on the USM are two 
catering trade butchers. 
Meadow Farm Produce and 
Sims Catering, which com- 
mand ratings more generally 
associated with glamour sec- 


The meat market is iu 
decline as household con- 
sumption falls, reflecting the 
availability of a growing range 
of prepared foods and an 
increasing concern with 
healthy earing. 

Within the total market, 
however, several areas have 
shown considerable buoyance, 
in particular, a shift from red 
to white meat and a sharp 
increase in sales of prepared 
and convenience meat 

Meadow Farm Produce 
originally developed out of 
servicing catering needs of the 
the leading pub chains and 
now supplies more than 600 
pubs, hotels and restaurants. 
Expenditure on food eaten 
outside the home is growing 
and this side of the business 
should continue to develop 


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810R Cnral TV 3<0 

112m Ctwncsiy Sea, ST 

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l , JS l S£SS W ™ W 180 

5.170000 QrcapnM 08 

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. . 060R Cmytoim Praps 203 

2.147.000 CtooBu OoM 15-7 

. 134m Oust OH Hdgt 32 

T.TOl.tKO Coaiad Badiwtn Si 

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It.i™ Cabgm tap 300 

6323800 Comp Financial 163 

2885000 Compaoft 38 

lOlmConutanm iffi 

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21 30 14 7 

36 30 17 2 

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9 j 17 14.1 

29 ZD US 

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64b 60143 
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30 423 

4-10 52 20101 

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gffl | 

Hanmf 1 Thoito 165 
rttwieck Etropa 210 
HUbCm 36 

Htowwr 430 

Do A 1 IV 380 

Highland Pan SO 

Heuon 10 

iwbcon Bi 

Hand Sonars 12S 

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noma tonbant ibs 

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i MSTEH 200 

tone 22 

mo Scot Enrror 86 

w«R«d sa 

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sr« u 4 s 

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Jaquas W 153 

£ES 1 

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J m a aa t Pawn U0 

teas Rubbor 67 

KLP 315 


Kanyon Sacs 223 

Kami Swam 70 

Om-TOknlr B5 

Pace CboeGnKC tv. 
tact m, r*» vm 
Fndbjr waek pence % P/E 

4.1 25 207 

24. 50 124 
ID 14 142 
17 25 *55 
a? 60 318 
U 04 93 
ll 25 105 
43 35 »5 

5.1 40 103 

10 48 107 

40 4.1 120 


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3JESO0M Paaac Sales 
PAWtoa Gp 



gato» « «4 m 
P* r4> Croup 
Pam pwtoiaeq 

IS 10 520 
0.7 1.1 220 

2.1 20 111 
10 40 120 
11b 13 235 
45 2 2 25 t 
1.1 11 144 

03 20 160 
113 U m3 
01 10 160 

Pr«e CnoeGnm O* 

last on am rip 
W«My ww pnea *■ P/E 

^ ” S 43 66 05 

14$ • S3 37 112 

5 10 -as 40 00 - 

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39 -3 73 

170 - 15 15 150 

144 »8 43 30 186 

130 ta-3 33b 25 610 

18 1.7 61 66 

160 -3 37 2J19S 

. * V. 
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1706000 Com ram RW 55 

1134D00 Qua Mcrawma 32o 

7201000 Cwah 98 

«8 jO»CP« 118 

5097000 CramDhpra 415 

9.440000 cramnek 08 

627200/ CranmnH* ,12 

51658000 Croton Lotto IBS 

751O0W Crow W) 79 

50®.«JO.QuM» 92 

4/WL00D OBE Tacb *8 

11.0m DOT 170 

1000000 DJ Sac Aima ion 

i20m Daawn 80 

. IttSm Dmh (0Y) 214 

30*4000 Dean 3 Bow 62 

1020000 Da Bntt (AlWRI 14 

114m OnbMr 138 

2754000 Dakrar 47 

21 An Dnrccxn 118 

. 4522000 Dennans Ebc 110 

5-W1W 55»» wwtan 120 

7<4SS0oo dam 19S 

275k Crock 440 

1964000 TWn 22 

2546000 Eada 39 

14. o« Eatog Baa Oarfcs r*0 
27SO0OO Ectnic 26 

msim Etkn Find Zw 

2.772000 Earn Sacs 26 

2 &&b Ekkidoa Pepa *A' 374 

ll5n Swron House 13s 

TAloao Pnaranc Dus P 90 

150m Emm SB 

. iMirao Emmaniunt Prod a 

M/U Equpu 210 

— - Bl 210 

214aa FKB Op 241 

5,565.000 Faedbeck 58 

8333000 Famamok 25 

TBOJto F*k» (mix/ 120 

7142000 Bwsad, 43 

30L4m Ftarow 174 

103B Ftom 05 55 

2S2m Fnmct) Cam 185 

245m FroshbiU W 

3B0m Fuflnr Smwi ’A' 600 

• if 11 IS 290 

-2 U 74 U 

1.1 1.1 198 

■ 7.1 119 388 

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Magmfie Uatata 73 
Manner 64 

Hatn (Renung saa 

t^StoCily m 

Maytaro FocxH 113 

Modem Faun 230 

Mara* Tacn i« 

H ifcnia ro 87 

Manny Comp 15 

Usman to Hkigs 30 
Manvun8nuin 140 

Mamomri VAne 355 

Moral siawm its 

mai Semen 7 

Matsac 8S 

Mcftsal gam) 81 

Ucntalm 7 so 

WOW* 150 

Mtoumc 44 

Masnd Man MB 

RUhunnM R*« 370 

Mai 33 458 

to wa rd Brrwn 188 

to wo rld 200 

8.791000 Uoogu Oo MO 

MJto Morses 0 Crons 108 

270m Monufpa 153 

1500000 Madny (RM 40 

5033000 Moms pM8t«$ 19 

2.774.00Q Men Adwrtong 73 

0592000 Mumrin 127 

SOLfitn NMW Comp 306 

5000000 Maw O tot Bm 15 

*— - DO Wn»s 7 

1806.000 Now Endbnd Pnxs 17 

92003 Db ttfti tie 

film mumRj 12 

6547000 Non** 132 

»BD Norton 80 

5SB20QO Nncrs Hoads 103 

5.742000 NOl Saa 5 Gan 22 

2493000 dffeski Rwbac as 

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PWon 160 

SSS wm ^ 

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Pram»™i 130 

FnxMfty Ito Wp « 

DO Bb 4 

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nwa o C4y A 30 

nadoOyd* *3 

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RaMca 04 tfl 

Raw 88 

Rail 1km Control 4S 

■Want Utto 22 

DUn IDAS (67 

RCtfa & Hoton 10 

Duddta m 168 

Sw pmro To* 

Sappm PR 22 

Sanaa 107 

Ecanro Ml 

Scantranc ICO 

Scot HmaWt 173 

Sacunauard 85 

Sa»cTV 18 

n— 305 

SharoDrogSM 5*0 

Sms soffl Jonas 75 

Gammon Sac 63': 

Snmws Comp 205 

Somro 53 

Sm Catsrrg 163 

srou nvaarni ibs 

sawn Fend - iBa 

SmaJtocwo 178 

Srowem Bnogs US 

SamfRacks 36 

am bu* i35 

SW RMW 16 

Sptoa TRa 115 

Spaan Air, 58 

Spaebun 20 

Seen 90 

Spain 70 

SroWBan Mato m 

BUTtaRx, 2069 

SaiRnn Pub 90 

Suntogb Bso sS’j 

Sunanana (ET1 68 

Swwidcn P, Hoap ii5 

SyropM Cenrp 180 

T iTsrn, 215 

IDS Chetoa ITS 

TMD Aaron 12* 

TaA Foes 111! 

la* Homaa no 

Tab) For Bus 130 

Teen Comp 305 

TatacampuBna no 

7ol5anrtot 133 

Tharmax 98 

Than* SOW* £20 

Tod (W8J) 123 

TMOto Eac 40 

Dad* Promown W5 

ITOnehanuboa 365 

TAN*) 63 

Tyne Tan* 'A' 2SS 

IWFrmPy 498 

UKJ Pnckaokn. 93 

Umar (Frankf * 

Mewpto) 83 

WtonaKarr 88 

WatoarBHRi u» 

watoe 16 

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WMiabnh'a Foods 53 

IMeaas 192 

VtoH Syst V> 

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MNiQBla <10 

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Wbromw 152 

Md o/urohar 585 

Wyto so 

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o i r r c c U U nr i i n r 




.. jrolfo 

Bntish Rail benefits from 
Plessey ISDX network 

A iu^Hedmubgy coBummica- 
tions netwodt - one of the most 
advanced in Britan - has now 
come into service for British 
Raift Network Southeast 

British Rail chose Plessey to 
plan, supply and install it - to 
provide all the benefits of 
DFNSS (the new digital private 
network signalling system). 

These include centralised 
operation of five centres from 
one location, the cost-savings 
from telephone calls made 
through a private network, and 
ability to handle text and 
computer data as well as voice. 


The network comprises five 
interlinked Plessey ISDX 
digital electronic telephone 
exchanges, for a contract 
valued at more than £750,000. 

The exchanges are located 
at Paddock Wood, Tonbridge, 
Hastings, Ashford and 
Chatham. All are already in 
service,' excepting Chatham, 
which wiD be linked into the 
network later in the year 
Plessey is the first manufac- 
turer to deliver DPNSS capabi- 
lity to British Rafl,eoaWir® it to 
enjoy the fufl benefits of digital 

The Plessey ISDX family of 
business exchanges, hunched 
in 1985. has already established 
itseif as market leader in the UK. 

Tbe Ptessey ISDX in *■ offtw oetwwfc 


A massive network of British 
Telecom Merlin DX private 

ri gnwi and manufactured by 
Plessey, is to be installed in the 
giaut Scottish Office uetmuk in 

The £3 million contract is 

network fines and more than 
4,000 internal extensions. 

The Houses of Parliament 
and a large portion of the 
Whitehall network were 
equipped with Merlin DX 
exchanges at the end of 1985. 

The bulky and expensive coofing 
equipment assodafed with the 
deieitiou of infra-red is now do 
longer required, following the 
rntroduction by Plessey of a 
family of advanced uncooled 
pyroelectric mfia-red detectors. 

-Their applications include 
surveillance, energy manage- 
ment, process control, intruder 
detection and thermal imaging. 


Available in linear arrays of up 
to 40 elements, the detectors 
are designed to meet a wide 
rangeofmfra-red sensing appli- 
cations where robustness, 
-small size, ambient tempera- 
ture operation and low cost are 
essential requirements. Single 
element detectors are also 

The arrays are packaged in a 
ceramic chip carrier which is 
bonded to a specially designed 
acoustic decoupler to minimise 
the effect of mechanical and 
ajibome vibration. 


The worfdk first 2-tnicmtiCMOS digital signal chip processor 
designed lor brags edge detection can replace a complete logic 
board. It will be highly beneficial in robotics or machine vision for 

shape recognition.- • : 

A new 2-micron CMOS 

digital signal processing (DSP) HpBkB m 

device measuring approxi- Ul ■ 

mately onwmd-a-half square rLI 

indies will replace three boards . 

of components. . 

The third rntroduction is a _ l ___ . 

new family of; CMOS FIFO leCuIM>H)gy 1! 

dewcesL- •• '• • 

also British Telecomk fast ___ ^ 

commeraal instaflation of the 

Plessey ISDT . (Integrated 1 Tllli I1H ■ I| 
Services DigttanfelepboneJ. 

The Edinburgh network, llJkviAkvM* 

finked to the Government W ylit . llllli 

■folephone "Network, wffl also T f 
provide some 400 public Ghana has become the first 

African customer to mtro&ce 

^ A IiVA N f KS Waldtawn air traffic control 

ofa]. systam. new radar 
fr H>T A UITE’T'C confirms Kotolca Airport, Accra, 
9 lVJL/livIVIl/lO as one of the best eqa^ped 

airports iu Africa. 

yn»Pii<)ghyPl i>4!siyS4>y nif iftB4?iitv - TWitchm a n is an advanced 
idvanceSHitbe commercial ose of survefilance and air traffic 

control radar meoiporatiog the 
OS digital s^nal ddp processor latest procestog technology 
n can replace a complete logic to; provide higb-performarice, 
a robotia of machine vision for widi outstanding capabOitiesin 

Ghana introduces 
Watchman radar 


poor weather conditions. 

Recent purchasers indude 

the Peopled Republic of China, 
Spain, Bahrain, Dubai and 

In his Whlchman inaugura- 
tion speech, Mr Kwame Pepra, 
Ghaoaik Secretary responsible 
fortansportand Cononunica- 
tions, attached great impor- 
tance to die contribution that 
Whichman is making to the 
development and safety of air 
transport in Ghana. 

In the last two years the 
group has moved into the 
retail market, supplying lead- 
ing food retailers. Volume in 
this market is growing rapidly 
and was one of the main 
sources of the 70 per cent 
increase in pretax profits to 
£2.4 million for the year to 
March 1 9S6 which have been 
just announced. 

The publication of the re- 
sults coincided with the an- 
nouncement of a rwo-for-five 
rights issue at 200p to raise 
£11.2 million, of which £4.6 
million will be spent on the 
acquisition of North Devon 
Meat. This should boost sig- 
nificantly the scope of Mead- 
ow Farm's business and i 
profits in the current year . 
should advance to around 1 
£3.5 million. 

The prospects of strong 
growth make the shares attrac- 
tive despite the high rating. 
Shareholders should take up 
their rights. 

Sims Catering is based in 
the South of England and 
supplies a broad range of 
customers in the hotel and 
restaurant trade, and educa- 
tional and health institutions. 
The group has been able to 
achieve very attractive mar- 
gins (unusual tn the meat 
trade) based on the skill and 
ability of the company's 
butchers to make the most 
effective use of a carcass. 

In its first year as a public 
company, pretax profits for 
the group advanced to 
£586,000 (£405.000) and the 
company made two acquisi- 
tions with the takeover of 
Bristol Meat Trader and more 
recently WD Brabin. These 
moves have enabled Sims to 
cover the country from the 
South to Carlisle with the 
exception of East Anglia and 

The integration of the two 
acquisitions within the group 
should allow Sims to achieve 
higher volumes and higher 
margins from these businesses 
and their first foil contribu- 
tion to profits in the current 
year should ensure strong 
further growth. 

Henderson Crosthwaile, the 
company's broker, is estimat- 
ing pretax profits of £800.000 
which gives eamings per share 
of 13.9p. At !63p the shares 
are on a prospective rating of 
1 1.7 times. This is good value 
given the company's excellent 
record and strong 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the 
smaller companies unit at 
Phillips & Drew. 

German stoicism puts a 
constraint on UK rates 

The gilts market has been 
strangely becalmed in the last 
few weeks, despite the gener- 
ally buoyant tone of the US 
treasuries market. In fact, 
most of the European bond 
markets have underperfor- 
med US bonds in ihe Ameri- 
can rally, and yield 
differences, based on historic 
comparisons, are now begin- 
ning to look favourable for 
European securities at most 

Clearly, however, the Euro- 
pean bond markets are scepti- 
cal about the scope for any 
early reduction in short-term 
official interest rates, while 
the Americans have become 
convinced that there will be a 
discount rate eul on their side 
of the Atlantic within the 
next few weeks. 

Given the relatively 
favourable background for 
rates from across the Atlan- 
tic. it is becoming increasing- 
ly difficult to condone the 
reluctance of Continental Eu- 
ropean central banks to re- 
duce their real interest rates. 

The figures show how real 
short-term interest rates have 
moved in the leading econo- 
mies since 1980. 

In the immediate after- 
math of the oil price reduc- 
tion in January, all of ihe 
leading five economies found 
themselves saddled with real 
rates of interest which were 
higher than at any time since 

With inflation rapidly tum- 
bling, and prospects for eco- 
nomic growth in the near- 
term anything but secure, the 
United Slates and Japan 
reacted fairly quickly to re- 
duce their nominal interest 
rates, so real interest rales 
were engineered downwards 
The same was also true in 
Britain, where nominal rates 
were substantially reduced 
after their emergency jump at 
ihe beginning of the year. (As 
the graph shows. British real 
rates calculated on a forward 
looking basts are now 3 per 
cent below the emergency 
peak attained a few months 
back.) But the country which 
stands out for its lack of 
progress in cutting both nom- 
inal and real rates is 

There is no doubt that the 
German attitude is acting as 
an important constraint on 
British interest rates, since 
the behaviour of the mark/£ 
exchange rate now appears to 
be one' of the prime influ- 


V [Backward looking k 
i inflation B 

1979 80 81 82 

Calculated from 
forward looking 

85 86 

‘Real’ Short-Term Interest Rates In Major Economies 

1980 4.8 -15 2.7 4.1 -13 

1981 5.4 3-5 2 £ 5.8 2.0 

1982 7.6 4.2 4.2 3.6 2.6 

1983 5.2 5,4 4.7 2.5 3.0 

1984 3.9 5.2 4.1 3.6 4.0 

1985 9J5 4.6 75 5-5 6.6 

1986 Jan 11.0 3.8 7.3 5.4 6.7 

Feb 10.8 3.7 6.0 5.1 6.0 

Mar 9.8 3.0 6.3 5.1 6.Q 

Apr 8.5 2.8 5.5 4,7 5.6 

May 7.3 2.7 5.0 4.7 5.3 

Jun 7.4 2.8 5-0 4.6 5.4 

The above figures relate to 3+nontfi merest rates (OECD CBrtencfilTnWf'ee) Ms 
forecast inflation in me Wkxwng 12 months. OuMumjnflatxm rates ere used lor 1980 
- 85 QT calculations, our own inflation forecasts ore used for later dates. 

ences on Ihe Bank of 
England's interest rate policy. 

The subsidence in British 
short-rales since the end of 
January has already eroded 
the interest rate spread in 
favour of sterling assets and, 
compared boih with West 
Germany and the world aver- 
age, the interest differential is 
already (ess than it has been 
on average since the begin- 
ning of last year. 

Given the uncertainties 
which at present surround 
British inflation and the bal- 
ance of payments, it seems 
probable that a short-term 
interest rate differential of 
about 5 per cent relative to 
the German level may well 
need to be maintained 

This means that British 
rates will fall significantly 
only if a similar process 
occurs in Germany. 

So when will Germany 
move? Until now, the 
Bundesbank has felt con- 
strained by the weakness of 
the mark against the franc in 
the EMS, and the rapid rates 
of monetary expansion inside 
Germany itself. 

But to be weighed against 
these factors are the dangers 
of Germany sliding into a 
process of cumulative defla- 
tion. as individuals and com- 

panies continue to postpone 
expenditure derisions be- 
cause of high interest rates 
and declining prices. 

Furthermore, if the US cuts 
its discount rate in the sum- . 
mer without any correspond- 
ing action from the 1 
Bundesbank, (here may well I 
be a further weakening in the , 
dollar which would certainly , 
not be welcome to the Ger- j 
man government at present I 

Given this, it is reasonable 
to suppose that the German 
central bank will eventually 
be persuaded to ease its 
monetary stranglehold on the 
economy, and that mark 
short-rates will drop by be- 
tween % per cent and 1 per 
cent in the remainder of this 
year. If this occurs, then a 
similar process could happen 
in Britain, and gilts could 
participate in a period during 
which European bond mar- 
kets out-perform US 

But the stoicism at present 
being displayed by the 
Bundesbank suggests that it 
would not be wise to bet on 
this process starting just yet 

Gavyn Davies 

The author is chief UK econo- 
mist at Goldman Sachs Inter- 
nationa i Corporation 

MANN & Co 


h am mu ) 



W i I i'll' i i| 


is I MU ll III! 


~~ : i Hambro Countrywide results from the merger 

~~ z of eight well-known estate agencies and several 
nrr.: mortgage and insurance broking specialists -an 
rrz r amalgamation completed when Mann & Co PIC 
m .3 joined with Bairstow Eves PLC and 
*.**, “ by a change of name from Mann & Co PLC 
■33 to Hambro Countrywide PLC. 
i~zt: In conjunction with Hambros PLC, they will 

.■3^: (increasing// offer a wide range of Financial services 
and advice. Already the largest, wifft over 350 
zzn sale s offices, it is infenc/ed that the new group shall 
sss= continue expanding and progressively extend its 
zrz: operations throughout the UK. 


41 Bishopsgafe , iondon EC2P 2 AA 

Bairstow Eves * Mann & Co • Taylors • Bridgfords • Nicholas • Kilray* Furlongs • Abbotts 

and Rainbow Financial Services 

• _ ■ • 





your portfolio card chew wur 
right share price movements. Add Ujem 
up to give you your overall tptaL 

msi the dafly dividend figure 
on this page. If it matches you 

daily prize money stated. IF you arc a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must, always have 
your card available when claiming. 

No. Company 

E E2ia2!I!S5a ipE^[j 
I |rjfTTTlF T * nrCTM ^ 7T '' r ^ [ *^ JI 


M ■ I ‘ill — I 
EE^SMS255!Wi p ^ ,I ’- : ' r ’ ,Ki ~ a ' 1 1 
I lull I B '■ Ml ^ i| 


Stock out- 
sonrkng __ 

£ Sm* 


aihi PotncHU (J) HU 126 

^■aasssaa s 
ttnw S 
^sr* i 

wgftj Fargo Effl 

+3 aS 12 15.1 

■A» ■ ■ i ■ ■ ■ 

#+12 1*3 U 9.8 
IB4 2J 1*3 
*1 23 63 44 

-15 5000 63 08 

+20 523 74 71.8 

*+15 7> &1U 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily iiouls 
for the weekly dividend of £16.000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 

2 *9? Ja i 
2.9972m I 
129» I 
i26 a* i 
II* 3m I 
823m 1 
DU 7m 

20 0m 
l9 7m 
617 6m 
158 4m 
1.173 6m 
9i 9m 
177 6m 


umRy 0 " as 


m 8, i 

HartW S Hansons 5 02 

IJSSSwnw >£ 

ESSS 3*7 
SAEbmwa >58 

Istf-. 3! 

Vau* *15 

w* |g 

WMbraad km 230 
WmwntiDtn & D 560 
( Young A' Z7S 

-1 10JO *3 1*3 
+J. 41.1 13 .. 

m-S 164 *0 180 

P+1B 11.1 33 13.8 

• +20 HI 33 13.8 

5+7 108 *BM3 

• +I& 1X7 23201 

#-5 104 38 183 

1X320011 Ur Takeout ZjB 
683m Broun Bovon to* 105 ' 

3.120300 Wg* |AF] A 12 
61 Sm CASE 97 

15293m Cat* 6 WMw G95 
83An Camtmaga Bee 2*S 
465m CAP Gt> 235 

802en CWuriOO « 

355m _ On y. 46 CPF ££ 

70 >m Coman . 335 
101 7m Cor Bad 310 

58.0m CnnttUW 2Jf 

9265300 DM Beet « 

*05m DUMB" 1® 

1.729.000 DeartkMl ‘A *8 

4Ui DORkdO 3*5 

Z8*m Dowjwo * U* ** 

61 OH DlPPar 1*6 

3965m Bt UwU JmponaUB 391 
7.034 000 EH enome Midi. 63 
1863m BKtranc Ramis E» 

46 7m Emus UgWng ££ 

80.Sn Eurotherm 2|7 

3082m Fnrnn Bea 166 

561 Sm Ferraro 130 

7 668 000 Foment TaOl *5 

37550m GEC 21| 

7.167000 &m»OW IIS 

841* 000 [k^vana Baa » 

3588m n Signal 8 OomwM3 
21 *m Janos Stroud 232 

Him Kode 2>f 

156m Lae Refngarawxi 258 
886m 1MH 1J9 

1369m MK Baa 370 

759m Mem* 2£2 

33 3m MOO BS 85 

195m MOO Focus 160 

6500300 MukHone EW3 ** 

16an Muray £Jaa 54 

g 129.000 Newmark (Lous) 3oa 

217 im NO 89 

6 185 000 Ocatncs .20 

259 5m Ox Uni insnunems 553 
13 im Pmcom 23 

17 0m PMps FU 5‘.% Cl 29 
3.188 3m Pimps Lamps n/v Ci* - 

5797.000 prfeo 2*3 

4 2SC000 Do'*' Lu vomg i85 

1 673.0m PI0SS4V __ 230 

t6SS5ta Do MR 25 Eg ■ 

9600.000 Pn*MC >» 

3490000 QuM Autanswan 26 

1.0684m RjciJBscj IM 

496m HoUfkR *55 

372m Schotts (GH) 560 

3*3m SnorroC* >« 

48 7m Soum Orflus<on 35 

797 3m ETC ]*« 

51 2m Smna NiK 1*8 

10.7 451X3 
43 4.1 98 
13 1SJS273 
1.9 2-0 81 
1X8 20 183 
105 43 14.7 
XI 1-0 ■ ■ 

.. .. 11.0 


-1 4 0a 9.1 3X1 

-2 Oin 02 . . 

183 63 1*0 
1-5 78 7.8 1*2 

♦a 11 55 *0 

-13 26 03 

-1 16 TO 114 

► .. 575 *5 .. 

+28 75 XI 13 3 

+18 75 * 1 >0.1 

-8 73 31 17.0 

-10 *3 

1+7 71 

-5 31* 

-1 2.7 



-12 85 

+2 06 

1+5 100 

-4 25 

-7 253 

+10 61 

> -5 23 

a +6 79 

+2 65 

-66 53 

a +5 81 

+25 36 

-33 129 

a+5 *3 

+3 22 

-5 98 

27 0m Eastern Prod » _*2° 

16.6m EdbrO ™ 

5* im BS 235 «-3 

5.313000 Bbttl « tf- 

uSSSS^mv is. 

Wta BHotUB) “ •-? 

731 Bm Emhort g* 

68t3n Engtsn CMn Opr +1 

772*m Emaaoi ILM) * t23‘* J 

22sn Ersldne Hnuoa 1*0 j 

2335m Euopaan Fames IJI'a 

awS o?wm jgo 

1109m Even'd 87« 

232m ewiaa _ JS l! 

*6 3m Bmani« BU JM -6 

leateEum •**. 

160m Fflwxi M 1 ' . ■' ’ 

6.275000 R*tt* Aylc mo 3* >4 

40 9m Faottf (JH) >33 +6 

3330. D00 Me ranv «0 •• 

14770m Fisona 6>0 a+7 

128m FnwnBOn .58 -- 

3.308.000 FttxaM C8W 100 -8 

8382000 FaWI S' *«'> 

WESBTo—a. 2^7 *3 

2*Om Fotharglii Harv ey IM +2 

6.750.000 Franck (Thoniafl 60 . . 

*02m GB ha ill j 

6003m GWt 372 -2 

100m GH 3® • 

4.127.000 Gaiion Eng * 

88 im GasMtner i® •■ 

1 32m Otttea >« 

T W fhn Cilia EIO 1 " “*» 

7 S7SSm M* •+* 

21.6m Co. Jig Karr 360 -40 

298m Grampon HUfll 1*3 -3 

6«70m Oranaoa 25®, 

s.m 000 flnweba* * • •■. 

8318.000 Haba Precision 88 -J • 

1*3 55 63 
10.7 M S O 
S3 4.1 123 
23 80 173 
60 X9 163 


9026.000 Hampson Ud W> • 

7.632.000 Manana* 31 "* 

43560m Mamoo • J!i+ **2 

315 *m DoOvCrw E177 -O 

167 2m Do 5 PI 112^ -*f 

1J873m DO 10*. Pl»>* -J'* 

6t2m Hargrmaa 1“ 

7.138000 Hams iPMrt . . gj ^ J 
1.105 *m Hatmar SUdatty S81 
221 5m Hawttv 11* •'=- 

5.400000 May (Noniwn) 135 J+17 

324 im Hepnonh Caranec SM a+O 

603m Hasuur 1U 

29TO.C2S1 Hamit yi » 

(12 -1 

372 -2 

305 • .. 

112 •-* 


142 • .. 

no* -*■ 

33* •+* 

360 -40 

143 -3 


88 -l'» 

21* -4 

140 «+2 

217 -8 

270 -10 

36* ■ -■* 

31 -3 

17* «-3 ' 
£177 -0 

112* •-*» 

£118 >i -1'# 

183 -5 

1357000 Highgata A Job 
47.9m Hate Bros 

v 7350m l 
235 Sm I 
1959m I 
9713000 l 
59 *m I 
4.766.2m 1 
371m I 
63 im I 
190m I 
20 3m i 
231 3m l 
23 Tin i 
31 Jm 
3220 000.' 


8* Im 
4 017 7m 
512 5m 
16 7m 
53 4m 
5325 000 
7.9*4 000 
14 im 

>8 6m 

MMU Ca*Kb 1*8 

Amannam £' 

Anchor Chamcal 2*0 

BTP 1*8 

Bayer DM50 EM 
BlagtMn 127 

BteniQwna 151 

S' Barwol ® 

Canmnq (W) J® 
ColkM 289 

C<Mt« Bros IM 

DO » 13* 

Cory (Horacat JZ'- 

Cioda >57 

Do DM 12B 

as A ErtranJ 20* 

Fosaco44*oao 2® 

HaKmaO (Jamaal 1*9 

IkCHSon . *38 

I HoaOWt DM50 C79 r 

i m« Cham mu 99* 

I LSporW 3J5 

i Lmgn >08 

■ Piysu 

I HeaoroQk HUgs 71 . 

, nenuka >31 


) SuKkltc SM*man 67 
l WSsnrmcSnM tUnk 228 
i Yorkstaa Cnma >38 

#-1 100 6* 163 

#-1 . 133 

-2 68 *3 179 

• -12 1Z9 48 11 a 

+5 6 4 4 3 115 

-2 21.4 48 112 

+15 471 *7 II I 
+17 118 31 158 
5* 50 157 

• . 19 18 18 7 

• .. 36 5.1 81 

-I 35 2J 15* 

+4 . • - • 

-5 .. .. 638 

♦2 11.1 *9 25 8 

-1 43 11125 

47.9m Hdm Bros 88 

43.3m Hob Lloyd 96 

53.0m Hopkxtsons 5*0 

59.9m HO-dsn » 

387 7m Hudson Bay P3 - 

428m Hunmg Assoc 2M 
22 9m Huang Group 
IJ628» Hutcnsri Whampoa 2« 
584*m IM) 183 

269m komm 

5.736000 Jacksons Houma 270 
3152m Jam™ M£1 104’, 

SX3m Johnson Oeanars 585 
2835m Johnson HnWy 211 
39 Jm Johnson A FB 37 
anon .kSuastm 300 

183 *-18 


88 *1 
86 •*3 

^ !? 
S8- . " 

HD «-3 

269m Isotrul ^ 

5.738500 Jacksons Houma 2M 

3482m Jardna »*tfi 104’/ -V» 

635m Johnson Cttanars 565 -8 

2835m Johnson UmMy 211 +* 

393m Johnson A FB 37 -l i 

30 An tkhnmn J®7 •*“ 

160m jonag ^Aspm an. l3*^-- = >g r 
14 2» Jounlan fTTmnws) ’>7 

- *.423.000 -Kawazoo - - S. ~ 

— -SOSat-IUIon. ... 

7634.000 Katwy.k U . ^ . •-* 

7.608.000 KomoOy Smak « • - 

982m Karauw (A] 277 +4 

*84&00t> Ktom+E-Zn 168 . +15 

7 S 41 1X2 

a 08 416 

as i6.i 

2X3 5.0 155 
16 1J 14.* 
.. • .. 185 


i J 64 ia.1 

114 45 1X4 

200 1.6 21S 



35 Zm A ng*a TV -A 
e »0 000 Grxmpun 

43 5m HTV N/V 
620m LWT Hugs 

36 im Scot TV ’A 
W2m TVS N/V 

9 50X000 TSW 

+2 1X8 53 138 

29 II 71 
-3 114 5* 97 

+2 213 5S 1*8 

+2 150 4*>12 

+10 11 4 43 125 

♦1 26 58 «1 

l«969m Grand M et JH *3 

39 im Kennedy Brookes 238 ■ -2 

721 9m utaxoka 3*8 -8 

265m ion Park Hotels 529 *5 

190 9m Mourn Qwmite *T * *! 
10 9m Prmw Ot W Howls M ♦* 
126 6m Ouaens MO* . 72 +‘. 

103 8m Saror Hct« A 3« 

I59*m 5Ukn 

lJ!9Sam Trosmouw rorta 166 -2 




407 3m 
1t7 im 
714 2m 
1591 Em 
*33 2» 
13 im 
528 7m 



ii 7m 


9816 9m 
1364a i 


1.777 0m 


7.091 fm 

r nt“ 

AkM Irish 
Ansncner (Henry) 
Aus Ne«< Z 



Cjier Aton 



ton Bank Waa# 

Sm^NB? RnSw 



luamort Benson 


M AM Bk 

243 *+10 


213 k-20 

EI0> +'- 

418 • *13 


427 +23 

519 +» 

580 -36 

3*8 • +10 


era 1 / +i'» 

£38'* +'» 



£233 -V/ 

205 414 

337 +3 

8 * *+5 

238 +3 

m *1-3 

510 +55 

154 +2 

820 *10 

392 t +30 

40 +4 

823 +40 

149 +11 

539 +12 

3*1 a -2« 
522 r +20 

nos +3 

8JJ 17 7.0 
. . 410 
1X0 70 

30 5m Waxen 156 

13 »n Atuwseutua 'A' 71 

39 5m Beam (James) A - 86 

70 6a Hennas 170 

4.729800 Biarks Lea 9 / 

560m Body Shop SflO 

35*6 000 &«™»» « 

74 3m Browi (N) S35 

15766m Huron 206 

7.838 000 Gamers ■* I» 

5.12* 000 CanMI (St 48 

323m tatuOi __ 3>0 

1 J709U coas Vttwtl S22 

1253m Combmeo Engksh 230 

228m Cowis (Full) A 121 

160m DAKS Sxnqson A' M 

66 (kn CWurslJU) - 90 

12329m Axons Grp 336 

200 7m Dixmfl 476 

24 An EJks A GokUHin 86 

7930.000 Elys IWmBWOon) «& 

780m Emem Stores 2C2 

123 Aa Etam 238 

2563000 Exeo«* CWlOl 125 

1195m Fan An Oev 160 

107m Fun (Martn) M 

6.720.000 Fumnsmr 196 

300 On Fiaamans *18 

19 Sm Garter |AJ) 165 

2* 5m Gam SH 68 

233a Gokxmrg (« M7 

21 im GokBmflIH Op 220 

241 am Granan 

74 in GUS II J~- 

2.7687m Do K CH'* 

3495m Hams Ckjaenw-ay 236 
100m Hattne 01 LcaMOn 29'/ 

108m HoWij M 

8941 000 House 01 Laross 157 

8200000 Jones (ErnasO K 

280*000 Ladms Wua 33 

930m LCP M3 

309m Lee Cooper 200 

33 im Uwty WO 

9277 000 Lmertjtl Kigow 2(0 

521 1 Dm UEtl A Soanczr 197 

ifii 6m M uuts WoMt) »t 

11 ora HMHts Lmcure 2« 

17 3m Moca Bros 570 

67 «o MSS NtMaaguna 9>D 

3689m Neal 2W 

7J05.00a Okwr 03] 310 

*7.1m Panto* 75 

ti2m Praaov lAlkmn ]2* 

633m gatners Um ro Hr s) «* 
X4S7000 Rem) IWBMI 3M 

J78m Do 'A 152 

3520000 S & U SjcjM *0 

22An Samuat (H) 30. 

1I42T1 Do A 13?. 

l.8<S0m Sears I24'« 

461 7m SnsBI (WW) A 2B6 
765m Oo B' 65 

20 Dm Stanttr (AG) 79 

13846m EUranouM 328 

27 6m Stormgvd 
B2X009 Sunroa OoWM M 

1864m Suuodmo Stun *75 

1AZ7OO0 TortvCuaUM 6> 

384m Txne Praduces 2'/ 

203m Tip Top Drag ITS 

482m Un d erwoods 17D 

1*72000 WW Group 3« 

2941m WW Vdsko » 

7 396JW0 WrgU* _ ”2 

1/353 9m wootoronn 735 

*6 19 98 
36 XI 2*2 
38 *3 12J 

33 19 351 

10* 0.5 5*9 
0.7 I 8 299 
161 17 20 6 

as Z* 19 6 
32 a* 3*7 
31 65 92 

TZ1 39 125 
171 33 156 

as 42 303 
87 55 71 

85 23 11 E 
£3 1.4 190 

*3n 13235 
75 12 16 T 

35 41 10 8 
136 20 257 

5* 27 197 

81 2617C 

29 23 92 
5J 35 117 

-16 7.1 1.5 265 

-I .. ..115 

-/ 23 371*0 

-V 24 1* 328 
.. 113 33 105 

#+16 93 23 175 
+10 35o 25 

• -25 223b 31 1X8 


17 4 34 205 

125 8 1 13.1 
257 31 119 

90 0 5 1 65 

23 58 153 

272 52 6 A 
600 5 8 85 
165 *811* 
18 24 222 

7X0m ABSaa ?8S -6 

2 *9n wphamane 173 -S 

84^ Afmtrtd '!» S, *3 

31 Ora Aprca CuqauHn 60 +4 

5 510.000 Afttn 7S +7 

1425m Adanac Como Z70 -a 

1.442 000 Audio Matty » ■*, 

1408m Auto Sec 203 +15 

063.2a BJCC 293 *-10 

i7S.*m BSR _+3 

255 An Boarttarpa 676 • +20 

114 30 297 
2! 12 177 

03 03 *4 7 
05b 05 *7 

35 13 BB 
.. -..-160 
71 10 138 

157 5* 16 5 
2* 23 71 
10LQ 17 198 

Z73800C LDH -35 ' y 

927m Lap «1 *-7 

271 7m Lart 2“ ,+J 

Z930000 Lawlex 2 +? 

204m Urn lATOxsl M - • 

5533.000 Ldacva 26 • • 

158X000 Ldoana* M 

*.07*000 UYMd 78 -1 

15«m Uoyd (FHI 8* +1 

7500.000 LOCkar 07 » »-2 

49 Bm Lon MWwU M0 -11 

2679500 Do. DM >™ _“T,. 

73 4m Lon A Norn « 

2895m Lon kd 711 -1 

134m umgtan Ind 2« +5 

1362m Lo« A Ekmur *« +32 

21 7m ml Hogx W -« 

263m M3 an >'0 

5629000 MT Dwl 45 +2 

*9 An Macannya Pharm 378 +5 

*7 8m Macfarkna 

XflOXOOO s*actM*i (PAW) . ffi «47 

153.7m Ma c adwa SM “8 

8563000 Maywka izo ■ ■ 

774m MamSmatar SMp K5 -5 

11.3a Manganese Bronza 71 -3 

120m Marhng 00 

6514-000 Mar shall (Loxkf) 115 +* 

141(71 Marshals Unk _72 

80 7m Martonak 615 -■ 

59«5m Maw Bm 770 a+5 

291m Mam Oosuas 138 -a 

260m Mawraai J3 a -2 

62 7m MKCheC Cm K -a'r 

193m Mkehm Somam iffl - ■ 

5i.6m Moans J76 -7 

267 An Morgan CkipWa 300 »-8 

» 6m moss (Robert) 132 +2 

*313.000 Neapsano 31 -J 

49Aa Nad (J) iro •-> 

44 Im Newman tads 35 -1 

675m Newman Teaks 152 +J6 

8J1ZOCO Nook A Lond 118 +3 

9.579.000 Nation *7 «-3 

3392m Norcros ZJ7 _+' 

14 5m Otftce Boa Mach as • _■ 

293m ronar Knd 'A' 421 -27 

agim Park Place 3M 

8766000 Pnmin JT MO . . 

i oman Pearson 5SS +11 

US7J700 Peak 2i -2'. 

169m Paarteas 123 • ■ 

1922m Peglar-HananMy K4 -15 

4iism Pmauna tad ms •+« 

703m Photo-Ma 112 +J 

8737m Pteifl Mn *10 «-8 

*811000 PMsoc Corear 82 -J 

62AB Pulits 3J0 a-6 

i**m Ponu Cnaooum 306 -17 

1889m Powel ftdfcyn 288 -* 

394m PiasWrtCh HMbs _ ■/ 

1483m Pntdurp San ns'i •-■/ 

37.3a BFD 301 • . 

1274m HHP 1W •+’ 

1741000 Rmkant MM* 128 +3 

1.0342m Hank Oro SI® -* 

5XSm BannWkt S* Wt 20* -8 

5527 000 RMCktS.iqt BndgW ^ 

1.184 7m Reckm A Cpknan TW «*7 

13 Aa Radeam Glass ao -3 

27 Aa Head ExacuM W +1 

i.162.7m Reeo kd 97* 

201m HMyon 171 -2 

445m Ranald ffl -9 

9205.000 BasWUf » ** 

1567 8m Hauera sm +a 

Z04O.OOO Haxmore 27*1 -- 

2tam fkcaroo Eng i« +1 

1.780000 RKnaro ILmcs) W t+J 

*719 000 HEfiardsOfi Wait 3T +5 

288m Rooettson »a ira +* 

286a Botauon (Ihamsa) 323 +8 

116a Rockware 48 -B 

1692000 Sooner • ■■ 

195m Do 'A 1 125 • .. 

1.0S7 000 HotaplM 2'J r 

39.6m Rorom . 149 -6 

21An Russkl M 98 +2 

05 1*21 1 
7.9 S3 217 
85 XI 11 0 
35b 45 7.8 
33 X0 9.4 

.. .. ixr 

33 35 1X4 
35 *7 80 
35 SB 188 
19 7.8 85 

142 7.1 112 

74 112115 
85 31 223 

43 24 2X1 
134 28 152 
11.1b 24 224 

0.7 08 1X7 
1.4 XI 14.1 
1X0 10 165 

34 24203 

27 *2 1X1 
143b 54 1X3 

44 *0 114 
84 14 212 
44 XI 83 
24 XB 97 
32 *5 84 

28 44 174 

114 14 215 
27.1 35 HU 

84 74 303 
32 *4 1X* 

8.1 84 64 
55 44 1X1 

114 X* 92 
1X1 *4 107 

*7 34 I4.T 
0.TO 04 181 
104 54 XS 

1.1 3.1 53.0 

104 88 127 

14 08 381 

1.4 3.0 534 

134 *81X7 

1X1 XI 87 
150 36 154 
94 28 282 

144 X7 174 
.. ..BOO 
9.0ci 74 184 
205 48 134 
21 0.2 ZS1 

75 85 31.1 

19.3 4.7 26 B 

44 *9 »** 

105 3T 1*7 

14 05 .. 

21.7 73 1*7 
1.8 OO 28* 
38 24 38* 

74 36 207 

84 39 124 
36 XB . 
21 4 *2 1X1 
71 35 184 

34 31 44 
229 29 174 

24 14 111 
SO 14 2X1 
321 33 HU 

88 39 117 

89 *2 84 

87 64 139 

I 44 04 374 
1 4b XI 104 

4.1 24 18 1 

*3 *9 07 

.. .. 164 

XI 34 1X0 
.. .. 44.4 

.. ..114 

94 64 94 

94 T A 86 
.. .. 14 

. 7.7 52 112 

10 24534 

. © n«“NeHW«*U*W 


Oaims required for 

+66 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



5132m Abbey 14a 
6631m Ain A Mn 
29B*4a Am Gan 
414m Bradsmck 
1774m Bnantac 
1263 0m Com imn 
2703m EqtWV A Law 

74312m Gan AccMKt 
1,419.0m GHE _ _ 
1724m IMhC E 
i3Z im Hm ROMS 0 " 
12516m Loam A G» 
5X(m London A MW 
502m LonDlOh* 
12832m Marsh A Melon Maim 
00 am PWS 
31X*m Pent 
3.11 67m PnUentim 
20* 3m Rntuoa 
2,034. 6a Royal 

990.*m f^MckCp 
181.9m Stowarl WTson 
113 9m SRkBe_Md9S 
1264 7ta Sin AAinct 

anbie Sun Lite 
jZ3m Trade mdamtfy 
7304m W»* Faber 

94 X* .. 
100 39 .. 

8X0 X* -• 
85 2*2*8 

4Z4 *9 

189 55 .. 
94 35 .. 



Him E Rand Prop 
FS Cons 


48l)ro cariH* tt* 1 

144m CAM MM 
gejm&WtpP M 
T9 Bm oaraar Energy 
®S» GWbaLHRas 

TMt! attBMim B*t 

XigXOOO wora 

112m UCA g**8 

127m Do IW 
SJflSOOO New L0»*** <■ 


X832Ail GAN 

rtJW 1SSS5* 


•82m TrMon Europe 

an ms 34 85 117 
iS S+21 7.1 *4 729 

*8 -I . 55 1 

118 :. 12-1 <24 48 


® !! V* X» 124 

a m+W £0 *4... 

4« +10 239 ; 54 117 

* -4' 44 307 4* 

iS .. 174 1XU 34 

ms 14X 784 . 

1§ -5 84 84120 

25 -Vi .. ..MB 

250 4 

a3*a +l'a 22B 42 . . 

800 +12 500 84 7.9 

W -4 XX 54227 

27 J.7 

13 -ill .. 127 

M +2 71 129 X4 

iftr 144 

tab .. ISO 84 54 




B2Bn Aboco 
393m ABad Lon 
8*01400 Ape* 

07.1m Arlngnm Sacs 
TS6ai BWffaim 
1120m BOon (PI 
1374m Bwttrd 
2*X9m Br Land 
13* 9m Orman 


5417.000 C mtMf Prop. 

3X5m C a ne u wecW 
214m CALA 

XOD2400 aartmtaan** 
375m Connak* 

' i04m Cmd Sacs 
Slrim CuuarrA mm 
i*8ro Coimty v 
- 134m Qnmi 

1230m Daapn - - 

lZZra Dares . 

IBS® Eaim A Agency 
-1&7W Eganon 
21 3m Estaras Gen- 
3l4mEsmaa Prop 
3* 4oi Evans- Ot Leads 
M4n Federated Housing 

8613.000 R*a OtM 
. 87.6m FTOepwre 
273.1m Ek Ponand 
1977m Omycost 

— Hamrood Gt» 

161 An Hwmwrson 
S722m DO 'A 
. II Dm Hanover 

. 21 *n» mm anger 
,4i4m »»y 
1400400 Jemyn 
- 1744m Lana nap 
730m Land kwasBXS 
l.7063m uro aoram 
1589m Lxai A Edln Tat 
3*Bm Da 6'.*w 
*1.7m Loo A Pro* Shop 

75 Am Lon Shop Prop 
4*6*1 Lynton 

Him Mckwney 
2S3m McKay Sac* 

14 0m Markham 
2i .4m Merman Uoora 
28 Obi Martronjogh 
2*3m Mariar Em 
9xaa MouMtfi 
3X2m Mounhnew 
554m MUSdow (AAJ) 
8.177400 Mtaaopal 
XSSXOOO New Cavandoh 

6401.000 PBriaMa 
9* 4m PeKhey 

*.+*0.000 Prmst Mariana 
604m Prop A Ra* 
iff? im Prop Meigs 
822m Prop Smutty 
133m R Man 
722m Hagatan 
320 5m Rowwaurti 
324m Rush A TompUn 
861m SamuM 
960m Scot Mat 
4883m Sough Estate* 
TZOm Speynawk 
18Bm Stand Secs 
1925m SnxMay 
50 7m Tuan Cam 
26 4m TrmHocd Parti 
S902400 UK Land 

76 Jm Utd Ram 
82.7m Warner 
637m Warntonf 

X917400 WWW (Jolt 
5712400 West A Country 

+2 0.3a 0.* 97.1 

m .. xo 24 1X2 
29 37 163 
+9 14 13 . 

-S 80 X7 74 

# . . 17.1 84 1X9 

+20 IS* 25 20-3 
-2 4 3 X4 14 7 

# .. 8.1 *9 193 

43 X6 7X2 
36 XI 234 

1X1 73 14,4 

SO *8 130 
*7 30 166 
.. 79 
1X1 54 1X2 

84 54 225 

XI 14 3X5 

136 10 265 
13 6 3 0 306 
50 23 214 
15.1 *7 (XI . J 

7.7 46 3S1 wi 
X8 18 13! 

1X0 34 157 

17 24*25 
14.0 *1 2Z7 

12.9b 17 237 
03 XB . 

87 18 225 

74 *5 117 
104 XI 233 
157 *5 2X4 

49 41 194 
31b 67 205 
35 XD 174 
09 14 40* 

44a 09*84 
1*30 1 6 1X7 
7.1 1.011.1 

75 70 164 
173 04 374 

1.7 XI 354 

24 4.1 B.B 
1X1 44 384 

\ 14 25 3X3 

.. 1X8 741X3 

♦10 2X0 XI 2X2 . 

I .. 27.9 34 394 | 

+10 243 *4 205 '+ 

87 30 7*4 

.. 11.4 65 XB 


I Assoc Or Perm 293 a -10 
i Br GammomwHdtfl 2W a -25 
i Caledonia 288 a-17 

i Fttnar (Jamas} 78 +11 

I Gab 4S0 -10 

i Jacobi uq 74-2 

I Lyle 5 

I Mersey Docks 36 

I Ocean Transpoft 208 +1 

i P A 0 Wd 516 +6 

> Rumman (Water) 105 «-1 

) TumoJ Scott 37S 


>SS« FB 32S 

14 9m Gamar Bonn 156 • 

1.767.000 Headam Skna 4* • 

. 10*a Lambert Htnwrtlt 196 

X185.000 Nambold A Burton 70 

13 Tin Pmard 106 

219m Strang A fi*ner 150 

434m Stylo 226 


.. 04 29 127, 

.. 144 94 95 

.. 87 15 655 

.. 84 *2 104 

45 84 2X0 
-. 84 37 7* 

1 1.4 76 60 

-27 84 XB 279 


i Assoe Book 230 
i assoc H aespapar 351 
Black (AAC) 300 
i Brwal 855 

I CdHIS (Ml) 455 
i DO -A' 3*8 

I BMP ‘A* 108 

i Haynes PMMMng 376 

I Horn* CwHtti 178 


i Nam mtemaaonl CM’, 
i oaopia „ 5*5 

i Partanevtii Sund >18 
i Trtnay tad 4» 

1 (MMBIMpUMre 380 

+12 80 
+38 XI 

• .. M3 

+45 3X8 

. . 11.1 
,. 11.1 
+16 54 

.. 2X0 
+3 1X0 

- *3 1X0 

P+3 1*0 

+'/ 1*0 
-10 95 

• .. 87 

-3- 214 
-3 2X8 













6 1 















3474m ArtpM 
XflOQjOOD Aran fitaroy 

JBSJxn Brtani Oi 
l*9m » Boroao 
8374m ftftal 
roXSta Banroh .< 

9» +14 485 83 84 

. 10 - +1 . . • . . . . 
TOP.. 285 80118 

180 ... 1X6 -114 *8 
408. Pt®! 184 *4 1X8 

♦13 -174 44 105 
+13 95 80 7.7 

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i?32?2 i 


*•; jj-.'v 

•. i 1 i£ 

: :t 

i • . *• •’ 

. A± 

The City is awaiting the 
publication ofihe June money . 
supply figures next week with 
fireat interest, the like of which 
has not been seen since the 
early Eighties. 

A run of poor money fig- 
ures, culminating in the an- 
nouncement of a 3 per cent 
nse in the sterling M3 measure 
of money in the May banking 
month, has rekindled concern 
about the pace of monetary 
expansion in the economy. 

in the March-May period, 
sterling M3 rose by 8.6 per 
cent, compared with the previ- 
ous three months. The 
annualized growth over this 
period, 39 per cent, was the 
highest on record. Another 3 
per cent rise in June would 
mean that, in four months, 
sterling M3 would have risen 
by 12' per cent. The 
Chancellor’s target range for 
sterling M3 is lI-to-15 per 
cent annua! growth. 

City economists, knowing 
that they have been badly 


David Smith charts City’s concern at money supply growth 

Liquidity release and rise 
in M3 worries the Bank 

per cent rise in sterling M3. 

The assumption is of a 
return to normality, with the 
public sector borrowing re- 
quirement of £900 million 
fully funded, and a small, £100 
million contraction in the 
“other counterparts.” which 
pushed up sterling M3 very 
sharply in May. The driving 
force behind the 1 percent rise 
in sterling M3 is thus bank 
lending, forecast to increase by 
£1.5 billion. 

Mr Mike Osborne, of 
Kleinwon Grieveson, expects 
a rise of 1 -io-1.25 per cent in 
sterling M3. Again, bank lend- 

caught out on money supply ing is the main factor, up £2 
for billion, offset by a slightly 

lately, appear to be opting 
caution in their early assess- 
ments of the outlook for the 
June money supply figures. 

Mr John Shepperd of Rowe 
& Pitman/Mullens expects a 1 

larger contraction for the oth- 
er counterparts; 

A rise in sterling M3 of 
around 1 per cent would, 
happily, have the effect of 

pushing the ] 2-month rate of 
growth down from 19.5 per 
cent in May to just over 18 per 
cent This is because, as a 
result of die Abbey Life flota- 
tion, it rose by 2.3 per cent in 
June last year. 

But what if the June rise in 
Sterling M3 turns out to be 
another 3 percent? 

The Bank of England, in its 
June Quarterly Bulletin pub- 
lished last week, devoted a lot 
of space to the build-up of 
liquidity in the economy, and 
the conditions in which such 
liquidity could be damagingly 
released into the economy. 

First sterling M3 itself, and 
its reliability; the Bank dearly 
likes an even broader measure 
of money. PSL2. now rede- 
fined to include building soci- 
ety term shares. In the 12 
months to May, its growth was 

14.7 per cent, just inside the 
target range. 

But, as the Bank admits in 
the bulletin, this measure too 
has shown a sharp accelera- 
tion in the latest three months. 

Broad money is growing 
fast, it appears, partly because 
of the intense competition 
between banks, building soci- 
eties and other lenders. The 
velocity of circulation of 
broad money, where Britain is 
unusual, has recorded a sharp 
and sustained fall in recent 

Now, more liquidity in the 
economy is. on its own. no 
wony. It is the possibly dam- 
aging release of that liquidity 
which concerns the 

The Bank argues:“It re- 
mains possible Lhal, at some 
point, the process by which 

liquidity holdings have been 
built up could be reversed and 
that where held by industrial 
and commercial companies 
the funds could help to finance 
high pay settlements; that 
where held by financial insti- 
tutions they might be switched 
abroad; and that where held 
by households they might seep 
into additional 


In other words, the time to 
act. say by putting up interest 
rates, will be when there is a 
sign that pay settlements are 
edging up and the rate of 
growth of average earnings, 
stuck at 7.5 per cent for so 
long, begins to head up. 
Another trigger could be a fall 
in the pound brought about by 
a shift of funds abroad, and 
the third a sudden surge in 
consumer spending. 

The essentia! point is that 
the rise in sterling M3, reflect- 
ing the initial build-up of 
liquidity in the economy, is 
less of a cause of concern than 
signs of its release into the 

So what should the Bank of 
England do if sterling M3 
shows a rise of 3 per cent or 
even 10 per cent in banking 
June. The answer is. unless 
panicked, absolutely nothing. 

The same argument can be 
applied to any future sharp 
growth in sterling M3 as has 
been officially applied to its 
growth in the recent past As 
long as the concern remains 
the release of liquidity rather 
than liquidity itself, the 
interest rates should only be 
pushed up to put a brake on 
that release. 

This is fine in theory. Bui in 
practice, of course, things are 
unlikely to happen quite this 
way. The Bank has been 
prepared to pul up with 39 per 
cent annualized growth in 
sterling M3 over the past three 
months, on the assumption 
that this is a temporary and 
unrepresentative phenome- 
non. It would be less willing to 
accept a 50 per cent growth 


Law Report June 30 1986 

Possession of drug 
not dependent 
on recollection 

Tha aflVwasemsrir s issued m commerce ttte repunmena of the Counci of The Stock 


(Incorporated m England under the Companies Acts 1948 to 1967 No 1 1971301 

Placing by 

Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited 
of 2,400,000 ordinary shares of 5p each at 1 25p per share 




in ordinary shares of 5p each 

Issued and to be 
issued fully paid 

Qtelsea Man designs high quality mens clothing for sale exclusively in its sk shops which are located m 
London and the Midlands and which trade under the name The Directors believe that the 

Company has created and fulfilled a niche m the menswear market for original. stylish and weN made 
clothing at affordable prices. 

Apphcatcn has been made ro the Council of The Stock Exchange tor the grant of permission to deal n the ordinary 
snares of ihe Company, issued and to be issued, in the Unlisted Securities Market A proportion of ihe shares banq 
placed will be made avarfabte to the public through the market dunng market hours today ft is emphasised that no 
apphcation has been made lor these securities to be admitted to feting 

Particulars refatng to the Company ere available m the Extel Statistical Services and copies of the Prospectus may be 
obiained during normal business hours on any weekday (Saturdays excepted) up to and including 10th July. 1986 1 torn- 

Albert E. Sharp & Co. 
6-7 Queen Street 
London EC4N ISP 

Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited 
40-66 Queen Victoria Street 
London EC4P4EL 

30th June. 1986 

Afcert E. Sharp & Co. 
12-22 Newhafi Street 
Birmingham B3 3ER 

This advertisement is published by S.a Warburg & Co. Lid. on behalf of Dixons Group 
pic CDixoifeT The Directors of Dixons are the persons responsible for the information 
contained in this advertisement To the best of their knowledge and belief (having taken 
ail reasonable care to ensure that such is the case) the information in this advertisement 
is in accordance with the (sets. The Directors of Dixons accept responsibility accordingly 








Dixons increased offer is final. Acceptances should 
be received by 1.00p.m. on 2nd July, 1986. 

The increased offer will close at 1.00 p.m. on 2nd July. 1986 unless it has by or on that date become 
unconditional as to acceptances. Dixons has reserved the right, however, to revise, increase, and/or extend 
the increased offer in a competitive situation. If you require copies of documents, further information, or 
assistance in completing your Form of Acceptance, please contact SG Warburg & Co. Ltd. at: 

33 King William Street London EC4R 9AS. telephone 01-280 2222. 

The value of Dixons increased offer (based on the value of Dixons 
securities being offered in exchange for Wpolworth Shares) has 
been computed tarreferenee to a price for Dixons Ordinary - 
Shares of 33Sp, based on market prices at 330p m. on 27th 
June, 1088, after adjusting for Dixons forecast 1985/88 final 
dividend of 24225p(rref) per share, and an estimate of the value 
of a Dixons Convertible Preference Share of 98. 15p. 

Cszenove& Co., stockbrokers to Dixons, have confirmed that, 
based on marketcondrtions on 27th June, 1986. a reasonable 
estimate of the value of each Dixons Convertible Preference 
Share would have been 98.i5p. 

The value of a Wool worth Share, which isquotgdottan 
e^dividend basis, has been based on market prices at . 
3.30D4TJ. on 27th June. 1986. 



Market nln 
day's range 

June 27 

N York 13T75-1.S280 
Montreal 21 129-21224 
Amsdam3 7884-34020 
Brussels 68 69-69.07 
C'pngeri 124722-123311 
Du&fen 836384.3740 
Frankfurt 1.1 138-1.1179 
LtsOcn 22752-230.73 
Madrid 215 16- ?T 6-28 
Moan 23G8.B0-2319.B0 
O&to 11. 4722-1 1.5226 

Pans 10.7230-10.7650 
Stkrtm 108682-103367 
Tokyo 251.44-253.00 
Vienna 2335-23.73 
Zurich 2.75*7-27682 


June 27 







I. 1148-1.1158 


Z31 1.12-2316.45 

I I. 4961-113226 

10 7387-10.7648 





0.40-0 47pram 
0.36-0 .27 prem 

110-21 (k2s 




fc- ttdK 




3 months 



3 V3 x pram 

49 - 40 prem 


4 1^-4 14 pram 











Sletfingbidex compared Mttfi 1975 was up at 78£ (days mga 78D-7&3). 



1 Argentina austral* . 

Australia doter 

I Bahrar tftnsr . 

Brain cruzado * ■ 
Cyprus pound. 
Finland madia. 

Grsecs drachma _ 
Hong Kong dollar . 

India rupee 

Iraq (knar. 

Kuwait dinar KD 

Malaysia doflar 

Maxrco peso 

New Zeeland defiar . 
SeuS Aratxa riyat _ 

Singapore dour 

South Africa rand 
U AEdktiam 

... 1342013445 
„ 2.Z736-2J2776 
_ 05720057 BO 

- 0.7580-0.7880 


_ 212.60214.60 
.... 11.905-11315 


„ 4310043187 

- 2404028046 
_. 5.69205.7320 

3 -3516-3.3561 


Canada , 

13615-1 3645 



Sweden — ; 



West Germany 

Switzerland __ 


Franca -- 





Hong Kong 


Span — 


_ 0.66900.6705 
... 7.1500-7.1550 
... 73375-73425 
__ 8.1975-8 21X5 

— 24105-24120 
_ 14075-1.8090 

— 2490024930 

— 7.0625-7.0575 

— 16540-16530 


— 74095-74100 
™ 15035-15135 

— 14140141.60 

Re lea swipBad by Barclays Bank HOFEX mid EsteL "Lloyds Bank Manmftmtf 



Gtaamg Banks 10 
Finance Housa 10% 

Dlsooant Mmfcat Loans % 
Overma n Hi gh. io%lo» 9 
Week fixed: Ul X 

Treasury BBs (Dtscowt %) 

7 day* 7'*4K 
Smntfi 6“*-fia* 


i 3 mnUi 9*11 


3mnth S** 

Prims Bank Ms (Dteccmrt *M 
1 mnth 2 mntn 9%-9te 

3mntti 9 l ’t*-{pio 6mnth 94?-9 l » 

Trade BBs (Discount %) 

1 mnth ID 7 ,# 2 mnth 10X 

Smntfi IQ's fimnih 9^*3 


cal 7%-6% 

1 mnth 7-8% 
Smith 6 ,fc w/ 1, w 
call 4* -3* 

1 mnth 4*«4'„ 

Bmmh 4"»*4»*a 

cat 7V6* 

1 mnth 7X-7X, 
Bmmh 7V7X 
cal 1«-« 

1 mnth 5* s w-5’vi 
6 mnth 54% 
cal 54 

1 mnth 4Mw-**« 
6 mnth 4%-4K 

7 days 4*<*4 7 M 
3 crash 4*„4 7 ia 

French Franc 
7 days Pn7'n 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2V2% 

3 mnth 5 i;, ie-5'i* 

7 days 4%4% 

3 mnth 4X-4% 


Overnight open 10H dose 11 
1 weak 10*-10* 6 mnth 9".*-9% 

1 mnth 10%-lO'w 9mmh 9 l 'w9*,. 
| 3 mnth 9'*i *3" ie 12 mth 9 " 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10 7days 10 

1 mnth 9X 3 mnth 9% 

6 mnth 9» 12mth BX 

2 mnth 10X-10 
Bmrah 9V9% 
12rmh 9%-9% 


Krugerrand* (per comL 
S 3045444 Y5 (222530-22630) 
$ 82304330 (£53.75-5430 ) 


1 mnth lOXrlOX 
3 mnth 1094 
9 mnth 9V9% 


' 1 mnth 10* 
Ifimrah 9 JirOH 


|l nsrth 630-645 
Imnth 730535 

3mmh 9* ',#-9% 
12 mth 9X-9X 

3 mnth 635430 
12 mth 7.15-7.10 

: £97.68% 

Last wade £97.615% 
Avga rata: £94029% 
Next weak: £1 00m 

idtoted: nOOm 
last wk £94050% 
replace £ 1 00 m 




ABN iom 

Adan & Company 10.00% 

BCQ 10.00% 

Citibank Savings! 10-75% 

ConsoWated Crds 10.00% 

Continertal Trust 10.00% 

Co-operaftv? Baik 10.00% 

C. Hoae & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Stanza — 10.00% 

Lloyds Bank ia00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland — 10.00% 

TSB 10J»% 

mark NA 10m 

f Mortgage Base Rate. 

De Lorean car 
plant for sale 

The former De Lorean sports 
car plant in Belfast will soon 
be put on the market by its 
owner, the Northern Ireland 
Industrial Development 

The board bought the 70- 
acre site on the demise of the 
controversialcar company set 
up by the American, Mr John 
De Lorean, with British Gov- 
ernment aid. 

Milbencb Crothers, the Bel- 
fast-based estate agent, has 
been appointed to investigate 
alternative uses for the site 
and its 600,000 sq ft of high 
quality industrial space. 

Regina v Marti ndale 
Before Lord Lane. Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr Justice Taylor and 
Mr Justice Scbiemann 
(Judgment given June 24] 

A man who pul a _ small 
quantity of cannabis in his 
wallet knowing what it was. 
remained in possession of it 
even though his memory of the 
drug had laded or gone. Pos- 
session did not depend on the 
alleged possessor's powers of 
memory and possession did not 
come and go as memory revived 
and faded. 

Lord Lane. Lord Chief Jus- 
tice. so staled when delivering 
the judgment of the Court of 
Appeal dismissing an applica- 
tion by Give Martindale. aged 
29. for leave to appeal against 
conviction at Leeds Crown 
Court (Judge Randolph and a 
jury) on a changed plea to 
unlawful possession of a con- 
trolled drug — 366 

milligrammes of cannabis — 
contrary to section 5(2) of the 
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. He 
was conditionally discharged for 
12 months. 

Mr Jeremy Hill-Baker, as- 
signed by the Registrar of Crim- 
inal Appeals, for the applicant; 
Mr H. A. Richardson for the 

TICE said that police in Brad- 
ford mounted an operation in 
connection with unlawful pos- 
session of drugs. 

As a result the applicant was 
slopped and searched. The can- 
nabis was found in a leather 
wallet- He was cautioned and 
asked what the substance was. 
He said: "Blow, but I didn't 
know it was there." 

Taken to the police station he 
said that the substance had been 
given to him in Canada two 
years previously; he did not 
smoke cannabis and did not 
know it was in his wallet 
Counsel indicated that the 
defence would be that the 
applicant had the cannabis in 
his wallet for some time in 
Canada and came to this coun- 
try and the presence of the 
cannabis in the wallet had gone 
completely out of his mind. 

The judge ruled that when 
and where the applicant bad 
acquired the drug was im- 
material. The mere (act that he 
had obtained it outside the 
jurisdiction was neither here nor 
there. He knew what the sub- 
stance was. had kepi it and was 
in possession of it even if he had 
forgotten its existence. 

On the judge's ruling that the 
applicant had no defence on 
those facts he changed his plea 
to guilty. 

Mr Hill-Baker had repeated 
the submissions on a weal. His 
contention was that, although 
the applicant had admittedly 
been given the cannabis in 
Canada and had put it in his 
wallet where it had remained 
ever since, nevertheless that was 
two years or more previously. 

In the meantime he had 
forgotten all about iL Therefore 
when it was found in his wallet 
in bis pocket he was not in 
possession of it. 

Possession, went the argu- 
ment. did not exist unless there 
was knowledge of the presence 
or the article and of its nature. 
There was no knowledge if 
recollection of the presence of 
the article had failed. 

In other words, there was no 
possession if the alleged pos- 
sessor had forgotten that he had 
the article. 

In their Lordships' judgment 
that argument was fallacious. It 
was true that a man did not 
necessarily possess every article 
which he might have in his 

If. for example, some evil- 
minded person secretly slipped 
cannabis into the pocket of 

another without that other's 
knowledge, the other was not in 
law in possession of the can- 

The present situation was 
quite differenL The applicant 
himself put the cannabis in his 
wallet knowing what it was. He 
was then in possession in law. as 
was conceded. 

In their Lordships' opinion, 
subject to the authorities, he 
remained in possession even 
though his memory of the drug 
had faded or gone. 

Possession did not depend on 
the alleged possessor's power of 
memory, nor did possession 
come and go as memory revived 
or faded. If it were to do so the 
man with poor memory would 
be acquitted and the man with 
good memory would be con- 

In R v Russell (Raymond) 
{The Times January 2, 1985; SI 
Cr App R 315) the court had 
said: “It would in our judgment 
be wrong lo hold that a man 
knowingly has a weapon with 
him if his forgetfulness of its 
existence or presence in his car 
is so complete as to amount to 
ignorance that it is there at all. 

“This is not a defence which 
juries would in the ordinary way 
be very likely to accept, but if it 
is raised it should be lefi to them 
for their decision." 

Mr Richards invited their 
Lordships to say that that 
decision was distinguishable on 
its fans from the instant case. 
Their Lordships did not pause 
to consider the matter on that 
basis, because R v BusweU 
<11972] 1 WLR 64) was not 
drawn to the court's attention in 

in Buswell the judgment of 
the court was delivered by Lord 
Justice Pbiliimore. Hr stated 
that the real problem there was 
the question whether drugs law- 
fully acquired by prescription in 
some way passed out of a 
person's possession if he forgot 
that he had them or if he 
thought that they had been 
destroyed whereas in fact they 
were still in a drawer. 

Thai court thought that it 
could not be said that simply as 
a resuh of a mistaken belief or 
failure to appreciate that they’ 
were still there they had thereby 
in some way passed out of 

Lord Justice Phillimore 
continued: “Of course, it is quite 
different if I hand something 
over lo someone else to destroy, 
so that it passes from my 
custody and they officiously put 
il back in my house without 
telling me: ... in those sons of 
cases you are back on the 
problem . , . whether something 
comes into your possession. 

“But if you have got it in your 
custody and you put it in some 
safe place, and then forget you 
have got it, and discover a year 
or two later, when you happen 
to look in that particular recep- 
tacle that it is still there, it seems 
to this court idle to suggest that 
during those two years il has not 
been in your possession. 

“It has been there under your 
hand and controL If it has not 
been in your possession, in 
whose possession has it been? 
Presumably it has not been in a 
state of limbo”. 

Had that judgment been 
brought to the attention of the 
court in Russell, no doubt 
Russell would have been de- 
cided differently. 

In any event.' in so for as the 
two cases were inconsistent, 
their Lordships followed the 
earlier case which was closer to 
the tons of the instant case and 
was in accordance with the 
views which their Lordships had 

The judge was right. The 
application was dismissed. 

Solicitors; Richard Otley, 

Penalty not excessive 


Jolley v Bolton General Com- 

Before Mr Justice Scon 
{Judgment given June I9{ 

An award by general tax 
commissioners ofihe maximum 
amount of penalties permitted 
under sections 93 and 95 of the 
Taxes Management Act 1970, 
totalling £41.880. against a tax- 
payer who had for some ten 
years either failed to submit tax 
returns or who had submitted 
inaccurate returns, was not 
excessive and would not be 

Mr Justice Scott so held in the 
Chancery Division when 
dismissing an appeal by Mr 
Leslie Ambrose Jolley against 
the award of penalties made by 
the Bolton General Commis- 

The taxpayer in person: Mr R. 
K. Mathew for the Revenue. 

that the penalties related to the 
taxpayer's wilful defaults for the 
years from 1966 to 1977 inclu- 

The informations laid against 

him were in respect of his 
delivery of incorrect returns 
under section 95< I ) of the 1970 
Act or of his failure to deliver 
returns under section 93(2) of 
the Act. 

For the year 1973-74 he had 
failed to deliver a return that 
should have included a charge- 
able gain of £58,000. 

The commissioners found 
that the taxpayer had carried on 
a steadily increasing property 
business vn and around Bolton. 
The history, they suited, was one 
of long-cominued and persistent 
lack or compliance in regard to 
bis tax affairs. 

They saw no reason for 
awarding less than the maxi- 
mum penalties as laid down in 
the statutory provisions. 

The taxpayer had not shown 
cause why the commissioners 
were wrong in their decision. He 
was a man who had done his 
best to given the Revenue the 
run-around and for a long time 
had succeeded in so doing. 

in such circumstances the 
appeal was dismissed 

Solicitors: Solicitor of Inland 

No stay of deportation 

Group Turnover 







Uuaudued Grasp Profit Before Tax utd 




1564 St 


Emaoidizizry Tfnw 






Eirniqp Her Ordinary 

Share of 20p 



Interim Dividend Declared 



La Waived 





Ifce Dinaan bsvededued nlmb Dtrthnd ofl40p per An n*8>— ramc) on 
araxmi ofihe year ending 3lBAflpa m,pa^hk M l^Aupw 1986 u marten 
an the rtgraer bm 2*ih July 19S6. 

Sadhr ns&iig msfanoB to ihepiRins fear haw been rapaiaxn! m (he fire halt 
■hhoogh Dtaxw ii ma7gis*IIy don n • iranlt of ik Eoaranng lifeb kid af 

We rae, aeretthdea, {kraeJlo rcpon ibra poop prafitriiiny bu been mnnmal 
rafli nnjroml oretll coBtnbUMpi fen the groups sufandaria. 
bUxsctaod half 10 drat, rive b» been man of rcnmry B prime bousing safe 
end ira miofAie (tw ihs will sbuok (faring ihe mmafcr of the atcamuig yor 
imderranen. Cmew cmnee mdecoie list 9R- m praSt for \hc pnp wQ be tute 

m ihe rnm year (£834400) nadi mnxrecr is UK iqjoo of £lSa. 

D. C Brtim, Scoctray 

P.O. Bos No- 1,5 CreSceo, Dundee DOI 9AB. 

Regina v Secretary of State for 
the Home Office, Ex parte 

Before Mr Justice Nolan 
[Judgment given June 24] 

The provisions of the Im- 
migration Act 1971 did not allow 
an applicant any right to remain 
in the United Kingdom pending 
the outcome of his application 
to revoke a deportation order 
made against him by the Sec- 
retary of State for the Home 

Office under section 5 of the 

Mr Justice Nolan so held in 
the Queen's Bench Division, 
refusin&an application for. inter 
alia, a writ of habeas corpus 
which was being sought by Mr 
Ali Erdogan, a Turirish national, 
imprisoned pending the out- 
come of his application to 
revoke a deportation order. 

Mr Eugene Cotran for the 
applicant: Mr John Laws for the 
secretary of state. 

that the question as to whether 
the applicant was entitled to 

remain in the L>niied Kingdom 
had to be answered by reference 
to section 3 of the 1971 Act. 
which was fundamental to tbe 
scheme of the Act. In the light of 
those provisions, it seemed 
totally unarguable that he had 
any right to remain in the 
United Kingdom at all. 

His Lordship added that 
counsel for the applicant 
submined that the case did not 
fall within paragraph lOffXb) 
because directions had been 
made by the immigration officer 
under paragraph 8(2). and the 
secretary of state had had no 
power to invoke paragraph 10. 

It had to be tight that direc- 
tions might be given more than 
once under paragraphs 8 and 10 
to Schedule 2. Tbe fact that 
directions had been given under 
paragraph 8. as Mr Laws 
submitted, did not prevent fur- 
ther directions being given un- 
der that paragraph or paragraph 
10 if the circumstances arose to 
make it necessary and appro- 
priate that that should be done. 

Solicitors: Name) De Silva & 
Co. Leyton: Treasury Solicitor. 







'*• v\ 

f*M&3 ?&« 






June 30,1986 

Wimpole Street 

crv^tv is also 

The Royal Society of Medi- 
cine is “the nearest dung we 
have in Britain to a national 
academy of medicine, says 
Sir John Walton, its president 
for the past two y«irs. 

The RSM, Sir John points 
out, fulfils a wide range ot 
functions. It is a cam >«» 
academic excellence but also 
of contact and dialogue with 
health professionals besides 
doctors, and with the public. 

It concerns itself not only 
with every field of orthodox 
medicine, but with comple- 
mentary or aliemauve thera- 
pies. It is a conference centre, 
a club with the splendidly 
appropriate address of No 1 
Wimpole Street, a publishing 
house, a forum, even in some 
respects a campaigning 
organization. . 

Not that it enters raw 
political matters. Sir John 
savs: “We are very open- 
minded." Thai is why there * 
an “open section among the 
33 sections devoted to medi- 
cal specialities, from 
anaesthetics to urology, from 
the well-known fields of sur^ 
gery and psychiatry to such 
recondite disciplines as mea- 
surement medicine and colo- 

pr The*open section considers 
medical issues of broad public 
significance over a spectrum 
which encompasses topics as 
varied as nursing, religion, 
and racial discrimination and 
the ethics of research on 

•The RSM “ more than a 
medical and scientific 
societv " Sir John says. We 
recognize that medical proce- 
dures and activities are ol 
increasing public concern, so 
we collaborate with outside 
bodies and individuals in 

"But we are not involved 
with formulating policy or 
with the politics of medicine. 

-Nevertheless, we can prop- 
erly explore issues of public 
concern in relation to health. 
If we see that social actors or 
a resource constraint are hav- 
ing an effect on the health care 
of the population, we would 
not hold back from com men i- 

sion are a political hot potato. 

Moreover, Sir John Walton is 
a president of the RSM who 
has also been a president ot 

both the BMA- the dociora 

trade union - and the General 
Medical Council, medicines 
regulatory body, as well as 
being warden of Green Col- 
lege, Oxford. 

His comment, therefore, 

L4.. that 


The Royal Society ofMed icine’s new London premises -refaxbi^dj ■ a 
million - will be officiallyopenedbythe QueenonWednesday 

: I— d ' I 1 save A Lift ^theh^ih afa!! people. On* 


ng on them." 
That i 


L declaration comes at a 
ime when “resource 
constraints" in health provi- 

naLuuiu«.i>k,» ■ . 

weighty indicanon that the 
RSM is becoming a much 
more outward-looking organi- 
zation than it has ever been. 

’ But, unlike the Royal Col- 
lege or the BMA, it does not 
have formal mechanisms for 
reaching agreed public posi- 
tions on broad issues. Its 
exploration of ihese, therefore, 
seems bound to remain largely 
at the scientific and academic 
level, albeit that the by-laws 
are being amended to stream- 
line and democratize the com- 
mittee structure. 

In the society s brochure to 
commemorate the opening of 
its refurbished premises by the 
Queen on July 2, the director 
of the Medical Research 
Council's Research Centre, Sir 
Christopher Booth, sees the 
RSM's chief role as meeting 
“the compelling need” to pro- 
vide a national medical forum 
at a time when specialization 
and new technologies are 
causing “a centrifugal^ frag- 
mentation of medicine." . 

The result is a “bewildering 
proliferation " of medical 
specialisms and even sub- 
specialisms. Sir Christopher 
says: “These now threaten to 
undermine the integrity of 
some of the nation s_ 
respected specialist societies. 

Apart from helping to bring 
them together, the RSM can 
fulfil the necessary role of 
encouraging social contact be- 
tween donors from different 
fields and from associated 
professions. It is the only 
organization in Britain. Sir 
Christopher believes, that can 
effectively do this. 

The RSM is therefore open 
not only to donors, but to 
dentists, vets, medical re- 
searchers and medical admin- 

istrators. K can admit “others 
who satisfy Council as to mar 
qualifications and scientific 
attainments,” which ensures 
that it preserves a catholic 

It then, it is not a policy- 
making organization, it can 
have a considerable and con- 
tinuing influence on medical 
information and education in 
the broadest possible way. 

But there is more to ihe 
RSM than this. Sir John 
points out There are its eight 
inter-disciplinary forums, in- 
cluding wide-ranging forums 
on medical communication, 
food and health and the GPS 
role in relation to the family. 
There is. too, the separate 
Medical Pharmaceutical Fo- 

rum. which is concerned with 
close, ethical relationships be- 
tween the medical profession 
and the pharmaceutical 

Sir John adds: “It is also 
important to note that we are 
moving into new fields. For 
instance, we have hosted a 
'number of inter-disciplinary 
colloQuia on complementary 
and alternative medicine. We 
want to explore as dispassion- 
ately as we can and m as 
balanced a way as possible the 
place of these other disciplines 
in medical ^treatment and 


The RSM was moving 
much more into health educ- 
tion, Sir John said - he 

instanced its Save A Life 
campaign. •«. 

Indeed, Sir John 
Stallworthy, a former presi- 
dent, says that the society s 
international .' dimension is 
considered vital to both Bnt- 
' ish and world medicine^ . 

He adds“Medical research 
benefits from work in many 
different countries and what is 
discovered in one is for the 
benefit of everyone, every- 
where. P&steur, Koch and 
Lister were all good patriots 
but their work was done for 
and taken by the whole world; 

' their nationalities were 

“Medical practice is con- 
cerned — and could well be 
more explicitly concerned — 

with the health of all people on 
this earth." 

Sigmficanily in this light, as 

manyas 6,500 of the society s 

17,000 members live^ana 

work outside Britain. There 
are reciprocal contacts at soci- 
ety level with many other 
countries in the Common- 
wealth, Europe and beyond. 

The RSM has long played a 
‘ leading role in organizing 
international confe rences. 
particularly Anglo-American 

meetings, an exercise prompt- 
ed by the RSM Foundation of 
' New York. a sister organiza- 
tion governed by an indepen- 
dent^ board of American 
directors. The foundation also 
supports an exchange pro- 
gramme of visiting professor- 

-‘2 S? s ® ,II! S 5 sS 3& 

better to be healthy than just to be 

ships, whereby .16 
or senior clinic ians cross the 
Atlantic in each direction each 

year to work and lecture, 

y Sir John Stallworth) ' be- 
' Heves that the cwBjMjoaof 
■ ,ihe RSM's new home w» 
open fresh opportunitiesfor 
greater European and interna- 
tional collaboration 

“This cannot raiL . ne says, 
“to illumine the British med^ 
cal scene. The hopes of at test 
one Fellow wfll be 
the new RSM can !»** 
wav to united acuon by doc- 

many country who«*etber 
might succeed m jjtejgg 
some of the avoidabte sup* 
ing of so many millions ot 
deprived fellow humans. 

No less vital in the new 
scheme of things at the society 
is RSM Services, 
publishing, cqnftfWJMiP; 
nizing, audio-video prod ucu *£ 
and other activities: These are 
designed to take advantage of 
those activities of the society 
which can be property and 
ethically exploited. 

This commercial aspect is 
crucial to the RSM’s contmu- 

^ John Walton said: “The 
cost of redevelopment has 
been high, but we have held 
subscriptions down during the 

disruption. . 

; “Though bur appeal has 
.been very successful, finan- 
cially we are not yet out of the 

wood, -and subscriptions wiU 

have to rise substantially next 

year. But for the profits made 
by RSM Services, which come 
to the society, the subscrip- 
tions would have to be very 

much higher." 

Thereare several categories 
of membership. Sir John. ex- 
plained. Feflows, who can join 
up ip five sections, are elected 
after nomination by two exist- 
ing Fellows. Affiliate member- 
ship is open to those resident 
overseas. Medical students 
and young doctors can be- 
come associates, at a lower 
subscription rate. Lay people 
can join the society to partici- 
pate in the open sectioo. 

And the society is also open 

w Membership 

dal organizations, such as 
SiSfpublisbers and phar- * 
SSStei compared AH 
Suegories, of coarse. 
ffiefibrary - one of 
of its kind in the - and 

ok site. wiU 

Sis a* “‘LS'ta'iiSf 

single sue concept l aas iiseu . 

Seays, been “an actof faith. 

It first envisaged astoTO 
mo as 1952 when Richard 
Erin. Us now retired execu- 

IwT&tttor: sa« even *cn 
that the society would soon 

outgrow its premia^Wi^ 
great prescience, he took the 
initiative in seeking from the 
Privy Council a first option to 
acquire the post office site 
where the mam entrance and 
some of the most important 
rooms of the new building 

now stand. . - 

Neither at that time, nor tor 
another 25 years, was there 
any reason to suppose that the 
site would ever become 

^Nevertheless," said Mr 
Hewitt, “every year 
gered the Pnvy Council. His 
vision and perseverance have 
paid off handsomely. 

Mr Hewitt recalled a report 

by a study group 
er former president. Sir Gor- 
don Wolstenholme, which m 
1974 looked to the society s 
future and encouraged tt W 
plan for a more outward- 
looking and active role. 

Robert Thompson, who 
succeeded Mr Hewitt as exec- 
utive director four years ago, 
said the changes were already 
having an impact - a dramat- 
ic instance being the Save A 
Life Campaign, significant 
particularly because it showed 
how the society could weave 

different strands of health and .-1 

medical work together. 

He said:“The RSM of today 
is not an ivory tower. Nor » it 
just a London dub for London 
doctors. We are becoming 
more and more noticed. The 
new building is belpingjo 
produce this new impetus. 

David Loshak 



: " nc ' 30-1986 


30 1986 

ole Str 



-L ;?**££ v: 

New faces at 
top people’s 
talking shop 

Meetings and conferences of 
'•.■■■■ r-i : 1 'amptaZ 1 . nia^y fcmds are a main part of 
7 ;--E Oujv *;» the ■ Royal Society of 

^ fin. 


,.A Medicine’s activities. There 

- c ,V“ 1:1 the are scores of them every year. 
Hv- 'i l^thecES'L. “it can fi?t pretty hectic” 
•. r says Dr Graham Bennette, 
. r ' 7 - z aeajA- medical services secretary, 

• . who organizes and coordi- 

' . r,rw ?rerwV nates them. This is parttcular-- 
r ,A. . ' J ^ ‘-5 v itiev^L^-,. ft • ti* • ca*. with the inter- 

• ‘ ,'j. *£i peas^" disciplinary and often 

an£ {_?► international meetings con- 
. . H- ^onceK^'- vened under the society's 
; r "*• ^53 'into 8 '', auspices. There may be a large 
number of participants or only 
' - s 25 attending a seminar of what 

:*s r-A St* Dr Bennette calls “top dogs in 
their subject” but anrahge- 
; yx:c,\ J?.- ments axe manifold and can 

' .'a take months to arrange, 

r- ^ 2 - 

if h."' - ' T -Pn-t* Irtir 

■ -.-c fr**- 

•* ****%? 
mo?. < 

lectures for lay 
people, held at 
least annually 

Many of the interdisdplin- 
7 ■ ary meetings are Anglo-Amer- 

V . 1 ihjj ug. . ican in character — most of the 
■ '-sin w 4 !; RMS's overseas affiliates live 
- - - t io s.jppj^ '" ;and work iit the US. There are 
-'-i at: v". at.kast.two such conferences 
TT 1 "- or workshops each year, held 

, . . both in Britain and the US. 

t • uulu iu uiitoui auu. ulc uo. 

V.fnia,, These are assisted by the 
1 7 - PrT.jwT - society’s American arm, the 
’ ' ; -- RSM foundation Tnc. 

• - ‘ ‘ They cover such issues as 

’ ■ • H. the “rationing” of health care 

' ; -- RSM foundation Tnc. 

- “ They cover such issues as 

•• the “rationing” of health care 

' j: necessitated by limited re- 

rr^'vCT*' sources, biomedical ethics, 

i ' pregnantwoinen at work and 

- T a the use of computers in prima- 

_' r J' ry health care and subjects. 

■ '.'V AtT !* Dr Bennette also a ted the 

- .7 ,A.'.L; - Anglo-European conferences 

which are held from time to 

- time aot many so fer, but a 
' side of the RSM*s activities 

• *-'£*) which is being developed. One 
’ . that is planned will consider 

' .T/T *he paraUds beiween Britain 
‘ V . :t ' * and the Netherlands in ad die- 

; ? ?;**■ lion to hard drugs- 
' ' TiJt ~ The society’s 33 sections 
s r . £ '*‘ generate many meetings in the 
‘ coiusc of a year. Each section 

' ‘‘ J holds at least four annually; 

. h- : ;y some have as many as seven: 

• • * \ / 

meetings and low attendance. 

Topic-related inter-disci- 
plinary forums are yet another 
type of RSM conference. The 
disruption caused by redevel- 
opment has prevented new 
ones' being established* but 
this is likely to happen soon. 

Medicine is indeed, as Sir 
Christopher Booth comments, 
"fragmenting" bur at the same 
time more and more practitio- 
ners in different disciplines 
find they need to collaborate 
closely with, and to an extent 
understand, the work of those 
in other fields. 

forums have been set np on 
blood viscosity, veins, mater- 
nity and the newborn, mental 
retardation, lipids, medical 
communication and 

There are, too, coUoqma on 
conventional medicine and 
complementary therapies, 
which began in 1984. One of 
these, on science and healing, 
was attended by the Prince of 
Wales, who first publicly 
voiced his interest in alterna- 
tive medicine when he was 
president of the British Medi- 
cal Association, stimulating 
widespread interest and a 
BMA inquiry.' 

Though this has recently 
reported disparagingly on 
most alternative therapies, the 
RSM continues to hold its 
colloquia on this subject area. 
The latest annual report notes 
that they attract “considerable 
interest” among the society’s 
Fellows, “who are looking for 
reassurance about tire poten- 
tial contributions to health 
care that can be offered by 
responsible, trained and expe- 
rienced practitioners in com- 
plementary therapies’*. 

Another notable feature of 
RSM meetings are the Stevens 
Lectures for the Laity, held at 
least once a year and given by 
distinguished speakers to in- 
vited audiences. 

The subjects are of “com- 
mon and commanding 
interest” to doctors and lay 
people — the most recent. 

' the total exceeds -200 a year, people — the most recent, 

• ‘ ; Thisrequires considerable ad- delivered by Lord Franks, was 

^ r -■? i->- ministration at RSM head- called The shaping of the 
- quarters, -and there has at world we live in, and con- 

- : a- times been a disappointing cerned international relations. 

* v-ra disparity between the effort The other side to the confer- 
Datidl/^ pm into arranging section ence activity of the RSM in its 

own new conference centre, 
whh all modern facilities and 
the capacity to accommodate 
meetings of any size, by video- 
linking of different halls 
through a central control pan- 
el, of up to 500 people. 

All the conference rooms, of 
which the largest is the 200- 
seat tiered Barnes theatre, 
have full sets of audio-visual 
aids, including amplification 
and recording ' equipment, 
plus television monitors and 
video and slide projectors, 
with such facilities as fading 
and mixing. There are transla- 
tion booths. The sound instal- 
lations incorporate aids for the 
hard of hearing. 

The RSM thus offers a 
facility' for meetings ranging 
from small round tables to 
large symposia, all on one site 
at least as centrally placed as 
any conference centre in Lon- 
don. This is ideal for any 
doctors who want to organize 
a conference for any purpose, 
and RSM Services has avail- 
able its own expertise to 
ensure that these are orga- 
nized to best effect, with such 

The Medical Defence 

The oldest defence organisation 
in t he World 


Dei onsb tie Place Loudon WlN 2EA 01 ‘,6b 61 W 


•MDU House 2 Park Crescent Victoria Park 
Manchester Mil 5R£ 061 225 1177 


iJi Clarence Street Svdntv. NSW 2000. 2901255 

ancillary services as recep- 
tions and catering also 

Pat Patterson is managing 
director of RSM Services,to 
which he has come whh a 
record of having handled 
more than 2,000 conferences, 
largely for the pharmaceutical 

He says: “I want to bring 
completely new thinking into 
the conference facilities here”. 
Until now, the RSM has been 
available for medical and 
scientific meetings arranged 
by individual members, by 
kindred societies, by pharma- 
ceutical companies and by 
research agencies. 

“But”, says Mr Patterson, 
“we would be prepared to 
consider allowing the 
premises to be used by non- 
medical professional organi- 
zations — those in the allied 
health-care fields, for 

An example, too, of new 
times and a new spirit of 
enterprise at the RMS. 


Smith Kline & French 
Laboratories Limited 

Welwyn Garden City 

wish the 

Royal Society of 

every success in 

new premises 


Many conferences and seminars are bdd at the society 
premises. After the talking, participants can retire to the 
society’s well-appointed bar 



We congratulate the 
Royal Society of Medicine 

on its new 
centre of excellence. 

And declare an interest. 

BUPA Medical Centres cannot, of course, 
trace their foundations directly back to those 
Medical Society dissidents of 1805. 

But we do share precisely that dedication 
to the cause of good health exemplified by the 
Royal Society of Medicine for 180 years. 

Through its national network of medical 
centres, BUPA is unquestionably today’s largest 
and most experienced organisation providing 
comprehensive health assessment for men and 

Now we are proud to wish every success 
to the Society in its splendid new premises. 


Medical Centres 

Britain feels better for it. 




Publish and be saved 

Apart from its journals the Royal 
School of Medicine publishes a wide 
range of papers, reports, proceedings, 
abstracts, monographs and the like, 
and bas recently begun to move into 
the mass market. 

Its commercial arm, RSM Services, 
is involved in the production of many 
bigfrqualiry medical and scientific 

Howard Croft, director of publica- 
tions, says it has the expertise to 
handle any publishing project, from a 
new medical journal to a guide for the 
general public. 

“The essence," he says, “is quality 
with speed." 

He describes his department’s cen- 
tral activity as “making money for the 
society out of publications", provid- 
ed. of course, they are consistent with 
the RSM’s standing and image. 

That essentia] qualification has not 
prevented its being involved into 
controversy — albeit a rumpus that 
some might regard as spurious. 

Its recent book for young people 

and their parents. Growing Up . a 
responsible but photographically 
frank guide to sexual development, 
was attacked by MPs and others as 


To Sir John Walton, president of 
the society, such critics are “flat- 

There are several series of RSM 
publications. First, there is the Inter- 
nationa! Congress and Symposium 
series, in which there are more than 
100 titles. 

The editor-in-chief is Dr Hugh 
I'Eiang, formerly editor of The Practi- 
tioner. Most of these publications, on 
clinical topics, are sponsored by 
pharmaceutical companies. 

They give verbatim prodeedings of 
conferences held at the RSM and 
elsewhere, although some consist of 
collections of papers. 

They are usually published within 
three to four months of a meeting 
rather than, as with many such 
volumes, a year or more later. 

Then there is the Round Table 

series, edited by Dr Clive Wood. 
These consist of edited transcripts of 
smaller-scale meetings where groups ' 
of experts discuss particular topics 
without producing manuscripts or 
making formal presentations. 

These booklets are also published 
with the aid of pharmaceutical 

One of the latest in the Round 
Table series considers die lessons to 
be learned from the Bradford football 
stadium disaster on the handling of 
accident and emergency burns. 

RSM Services publishes for the lay 
public, as with the Growing Up book. 
In the pest such associated publishing 
ventures have been academic, but 
that is no longer so. Another project is 
a mass-market booklet on drug abuse 
for addicts and then- families. 

The RSM handles publications for 
other learned societies, a field in 
which it is hoping to grow. Mr Croft 
says; “Often they do not have the 
expertise or manpower to produce 
their own pulications. 

We have the people who can help 
and we can give these other bodies 
our business management and con- 
sultancy services, both for journals 
and books." 

The Journal of die RSM publishes 
supplements of its own, again on 
various clinical topics. * . 

Finally, there 'are the superbly 
' i of great 

produced facsimile reprints 
books in the history of medicine in 
the RSM Library of foe Medical 
Classics, printed in both limited 
editions and ra less sumptions but 
still high quality form. 

The' RSM has become a leading 
medical publisher. There is every 
incidation that this side of its 
activities, constantly helping, the 
spread of medical knowledge and 
understanding, both among doctors 
and the public, will continue to 
expand and expand rapidly. 


A tradition for today 

Allen & Hanburys Limited, 
established in 1715, congratulates 
the Royal Society of Medicine. 

The aim of Allen & Hanburys’ founders 
was to produce good quality medicines 
at fair prices.This philosophy has, 
for more than 270 years, guided the 

development of die Company’s 
innovative anti-asthmatic and 
anti-aDezgic preparations. 

These medicines, designed to meet 
patients’ needs, and the extensive 
professional support provided by 
Allen & Hanburys, complement 
the quest for higher standards 
of patient care embodied in the 
Royal Society of Medicine. 

Allen & Hanburys limited 
Greenford, Middlesex UB6 OHB 

Journals for the world 

In its magnificent library, the 
RSM has one of foe world’s 
largest collections of past and 
contemporary medical jour- 
nals. Among them are two 
distinguished publications 
that are its own — the Journal 
of the Royal Society of Medi- 
cine, which appears monthly, 
and Tropical Doctor, pub- 
fished quarterly. 

The Journal is is its 80th 
year. For most of its history it 
contained only reports of pro- 
ceedings and no original pa- 
pers but that has now changed. 

Every issue contains a wide 
range of clinical articles pa- 
pers reviews letters and soci- 
ety news Its signed editorials 
usually by senior and distin- 
guished leaders of the medical 
profession, carry great weight 

Much the same, of course, 
could be said for The lancet 
and die British Medical Jour- 
nal, which hate great prestige 
and appear weekly. Why, 
then, is there a need for foe 
RSM’s journal? 

The editor. Professor AJ. 
Harding fains, Mphiny “It 
has a particularly internation- 
al flavour, reflecting the com- 
position and approach of foe 
Society. We attract articles 
from ail over the world." 

The BMJ, in particular, he 
thought though excellent was 
inevitably effected by the fact 
that it was published by the 
British Medical Association, 
the doctors’ trade anion. 

The Journal makes a partic- 
ular point too, of seeking to 
attract articles and papers 

from younger doctors, who 
might be too over-awed by the 
prestige of The Lancet and 
BMJ to feel confident about 
submitting their work to them. 

The range of subjects and 
authors is very wide. This 
mouth’s issue, for instance, 
carries an editorial by Dr 
Harold Baum, of King’s Col- 
lege, London, entitled Higher 
Education — what has gone 
wrong ? — a paper on asthma, 
another on in-growing toe- 
nails, others still on 
Alzheimer's disease, urine cy- 
tology and therapeutics. 

There are both case reports 
and meeting reports, letters on 
subjects as different as glue 
ear and venoas ulceration and 
reviews of books on pain, 
tumours, coronary care, IUDs, 
public health; monoclonal 
antibodies and kidney disease. 

Tropical Doctor describes 
itself as a journal of modern 
medical practice. It was found- 
ed in 1971 to provide practical 
articles for isolated medical 
workers in developing coun- 
tries who, because of their 
remoteness from colleagues, 
must often do everything 

Its journal’s contents, then, 
are anned at those whose 
conditions of work are diffi- 
cult, with limited access to 
medical facilities. Such doc- 
tors may have to act as 
surgeons, pathologists, admin- 
istrators and, above all else, 
medical improvisers. 

Tropical Doctor, says the 
editor. Dr Bany Laing, fa not a 

Oxford University Press 

Oxford University Press congratulates 
The Royal Society of Medicine on the 
opening of their new premises 

Oxford University Press is the publisher of: 

The Oxford Companion to Medicine 

Edited by John Walton, Paul B.Beeson,and Ronald Bodley Scott 
'How can Oxford UP sell (his estimable pair of books, created de novo from a wealth of talent, 
at such an enticing price? ...I would guess that the publishers must have in mind the work ! s 
other outstanding quality - a prose style which is so deft and accessible that it will appeal to 
an unusually wide circle of buyers, professional or otherwise. ' New Scientist 

0 19 261191 7. two volumes, 1560 pp.. illus., March 1986 £55 

Oxford Textbook of Medicine 

Edited by D. J. Weatherall, J. G. G.Ledingham, and D. A.Warrell 

The Oxford Textbook succeeds as a work of reference. Indeed it is probably the best work now 
available in clinical medicine at this level. . . eclipses alt of the currently available texts with its 
vast canvas of the philosophy and practice of medicine in the late 20th Century. ’ 

British Medical Journal 

0 19 261 1S9 3. two volumes, 2700 pp.. illus., 1983 £55 

Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry 

Michael Gelder, Dennis Gath, and Richard Mayou 

0 19 261294 8. paperback. 928 pp.. 1983 £20 

Oxford Textbook of Public Health 

Edited by Walter W. Holland, Roger Detels, and George Knox 

Volume 1 : O 19 263369 3. 292 pp., 1985 £25 
Volume 2: 0 19 261447 9. 224 pp.. 1985 £25 
Volume 3: 0 19 261448 7. 516 pp.. 1985 £35 
Volume 4: O 19 261449 5. 483 pp., I9S5 £35 

Oxford Textbook of Clinical Pharmacology and Drug Therapy 

D. G. Grahame-Smith and J. K. Aronson 

0 19 261172 0, paperback, 843 pp.. illus.. 1984 £12.50 

Journal ofThe Royal Society of Medicine 

Editor: Professor A. J. Harding Rains 

ISSN: 0141-0768, subscription rates for Volume 79 11986): UK SCO; N. America US$110; 

Elsewhere £70 

Quarterly Journal of Medicine 

Senior Editor Sir Raymond Hoffenberg 

ISSN: 0033-5622, subscription rates for Volume 58-61 (1986): UK £65; N. America US$130; 
Elsewhere £78 


A Joumalof Memdogy 

Editor Professor P. K. Thomas 

ISSN: 0006-8950. subscription rates for Volume 109 (1986): UK £39 N. America US$90; 
Hsewhere £48 

i > . 

'• • -.TT ‘ 

journal of tropical medicine 
but of medical practice m the 
tropics. Doctors in tropical' 
regions mast, of course, cope 
with tropical diseases, but they 
also have many patients with 
conditions winch are common 
elsewhere and are, in the given 
conditions, much more danger- 
ous - measles, for example. 

In many poorer countries 
such a j our n a l fa of particular 
value to doctors where access 
to medical libraries b limited 
or non-existent, and where 
libraries in any case are not up 
to date. 

Dr Laing says: “We prefer 
review armies which are not 

based purely on research. We 
are after basic, practical 
knowledge. The journal is 
really directed at the primary 
level, at barefoot doctors, and 
at singlehanded doctors in 

Professor M S R Hurt, 
chairman of Tropical Doctor’s 
editorial committee, says the 
need for The Journal is greater 
today then ever. “It is an 
Qlnstos to think that high- 
technology medicine fa going 
to become available to most of 
foe world's population in the 
next 20 years. 

“Medicine will have to 
adapt itself to current financial 
restrictions and nowhere more 
than in foe poorer countries of 
the tropical and developing 

Unhappily, only a minority 
of the health workers for 
whom it fa produced can afford 
to buy it Professor Hutt says 
it should be in every small 
hospital and health facSfty in 
tiie _ developing world, but 
many never receive a copy. 

Eh addition to its owh jour- 
nals, the society, through. 
RSM Services, has offered its 
facilities to other journal- 

poMishing organizations. It 

initiated production of the 
Saudi Medical Journal and 
bas taken over management of 
the British Journal of 




A stock of healing words 

The library of the Royal 
riety of 

Society of Medicine, now 
rehoused over four floors, is 
universally considered one of 
the finest and most compre- 
hensive postgraduate medical 
research institutions of its 
kind in the world. 

It' bas about 500,000 vol- 
umes, receives more than 600 
annual reports and takes. 2,000 
periodicals. The range and 
depth of its periodical collec- 
tion, says foe chief librarian, 
David Stewart, fa one of its 
signal features, and spending 
on periodicals, at £140,000 a 
year, fa 10 times higher than 
spending on new books. 

The library covers foe bio- 
medical sciences, clinical 
practice and clinical research. 
It deals with medicine in its 
broadest sense without spe- 
cializing in any subject field, 
although there is strong em- 
phasis on postgraduate level 
clinical and research material. 

bets, which goes back to the 
early years of foe 19fo century. 
The impressive extent of 
today's service, is detailed in 
foe society's annual reports. 
More than- 85.000 books and 
periodical articles were sent 
out in 1984-85: Postal borrow- 
ers are allowed up to eight, 
books at a lime for a month or 


Other services given by foe 
staff of 24 include both man- 
ual and computer-based litera- 
ture searches. foe provision of 
general information, and foe 
reservation of material for 
consultation and linguistic 
help. There fa a rapid and 
extensive photocopying ser- 
vice winch, within foe provi- 
sions of foe Copyright Act, 
will photocopy any amount of 
requested material. 

Apart from foe opportuni- 
;s for study. 

Providing books 

The Association of 
Medical Advisers 
in foe Pharmaceutical Industry 
The Royal Society of Medicine 
- is its new and 
r efu r bish ed bandings. 

We are proud of oar new office. 

Coverage of biochemistry, 
immunology, cardiology, 
rheumatology and brain sci- 
ences is particularly good. A 
selective monograph and text- 
book acquisition policy en- 
sures that it gets most mqjor 
postgraduate level texts. 

But foe library also houses 
much historical material, izs 
oldest book dating from 1474. 
It has benefited from large 
acquisitions and notable be- 
quests over theyears, includ- 
ing libraries of societies which 
amalgamated to form the 
RSM in 4907. Theserineluded 
foe library of foe Medical and 
Cbirurgzcal Society, begun in 
1805 and developed by that 
outstanding Victorian poly- 
math, Peter Mark Roget, of 
Thesaurus fame. - 
. More recently foe library 
has received an important 
donation: Dr Alex Comfort's 
collection of material on 

Professor Harold Ellis, se- 
nior honorary librarian, says 
that though the library's pri- 
mary role is to provide a full 
range of services to members, 
it has always played a part in 
the national and international 
provision of medical 

This is evidenced in its 
postal loan service to mem- 

ties the library gives 
users have access both to 
current and 'retrospective 
searches of a wide range of 
data bases, including Medline, - 
Excerota Medica and Chemi- 
cal, Biological and Psychologi- 
cal Abstracts. This use of 
computerized information re- 
trieval enables doctors in even 
foe remotest parts of the world 
to have access to a huge range 
of medical literature. 

Mr Stewart says: “It fa one- 

handy for^readere^wbo are; 
say. on study leave and can 
base themselves here, cutting 
out a lot ofthe hassle of getting 
material from more than one 
place.” .... . 

• One type of reader .who 
finds the library particularly 
useful, he adds, , fa ohe re- 
.seamber in -a.. field ^ such as 
immunology, or biochemistry 
who is. for example, based in a 
small hospital which cannot 
afford *the appropriate 

“We then fill the breach by 
sending what he jieeds.” Mr 
Stewart says. • 

The library' s chief virtue, its 
size and comprehensiveness, 
has also been foe root of its 
chief problem over the years — 
shortage of space. 

More than a century ago, 
the growth of the library, to 
17,0u0 volumes was foe main 
reason for . moving to new. 
premises, and foe six moves of 
headquarters in foe society's 
history have largely been dic- 
tated by the library’s expan- 
sion. Even foe move to the old 

Full use ofthe 
new technology 

Working conditions for 
readers are also a lot better 
than they wet. There is more 
seating — there fa room now 
for 60 readers — and there are 
also single and two-seater 
carrels for long-term study. 

Professor Ellis says:“Now 
that foe library has been 
relieved of its space problems, 
it can look forward to a future 
of developing its services to 
inert foe needs not only of 
members, but of the medical 
and scientific community 

“The library looks forward 
to making foil use of foe 
opportunities presented by 
new technologies to tackle foe 
problems of providing medi- 
cal information. 

“An exciting period of cre- 
ative development of services 
fa about to begin.” 


Sir Robert 


We are also 
well known 
for our 

Specialists in all types of 
refurbishment, we are proud 
to have been the Main 
Contractors for the 
refurbishment of the 
Royal Society of Medicine 
and wish them a 
successful future. 

Sir Robert M^AIpine A Sons Ltd., 
40, Bernard Street, London, WC1 N 1 LG. 
Tel: 01-837 3377 Telex: 22308 
Fax: 01-833 4102 

Gower Medical 
The Royal Society 
of Medicine 

on the opening.of their 
magnificent new premises. 
- We are proud to be 
associated in publishing 

The Royal Society of Medicine 
Library of the Medical Classics 

a series of facsimile reprints 
of some of the greatest 
and most historic books 
from the history of medicine. 



Gower Medical Publishing Ltd. 
Middlesex House 
34-42 Cleveland St. 
London W1P5FB. 





Wimpole Street building on 
foe present site in 191 2 did not 
prove adequate and during a 
reconstruction in 1953, foe 
Wellcome Research Library, 
funded by the Wellcome 
Foundation, was added. • 

But foe present redevelop- 
ment, Professor Ellis says, 
solves for foe rest of this 
century and beyond the stor- 
age problems which have been 
the bane of the. society's 
members and librarians for so 

There is also a smaller 
mobile installation on a new 
floor at foe mezzanine level. 
The result is a total increase in 
foe library's shelf space of 
nearly four miles. 

The problem of security is 
one that plagues all libraries, 
and books and periodicals 
have unfortunately “walked” 
from the RSM no less than 
elsewhere. But rebuilding has 
enabled, this problem to be 
tackled in a particularly imagi- 

The library has been made 
into a self-contained unit 
within foe society, with its 
own passenger and goods lifts 
serving the tour library floors 
only. There is only one en- 
trance and exit. Rare and 
valuable material is stored in a 
controlled environment 



, UPti 



h offers 

*°V.\L S< 

° K MED 


v °dKrati 

3nd looks.] 

fi * furti 

" :lie{J CO-OJ 

•iMrj’ ■ 

i J 1 1. <» , 


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is, « 

premises, almost bcsyoud b< * 8 ^ 

~ rekqgmiibh- rtsoarcfa for the Kieal set of 

• - VTboltoyaJ Sodety of Medi- &OT1 Y^' 

’*■ diie. savs hs nresiripm c,v Buildings to several ad- 

n * ^eallno 


KJ 'P^ book, 


■ i -T .7““’* Qk 
m it*: - 

V *e £ 
• • "asad*T 

.. ;; v, «»r a*,: 

• . ' . ? :i * rea c - 
.;. V" 2 wjartfr 

■ . ..'^y^s 

; rate, says its president , Sir AsoTin ihJS* 

- John: Walton: is the nearest SHEV? ...R^.n. 1 ” 11 
thing we hpve in this country for asiavof 54 StxeeX ' 

to a . national academy of aStay 54 years. 

' - medicine. Its origins go back . bn 1834 the society received 
to the second naif of the hs Charter, which added the 
eighteenth century, when, in word Royal to its title, and the 

1773, the Medical Society of members where then entitled 
London was formed. to call themselves Fellows. 

In the first volume of its Dr Davidson's book points 

wsiory.- me preiace odsctvccU om ^ professional jialou- 
Notiung has contributed sies (notably the opposition of 

more to^the advancement of lhe RoyJl CoUege of 

OTence than the establishment Physcians) had held up the 
of literary societies: these ex- granting of the Charter, 
ate a . generous ardour m In 1851 there were nearly 300 
liberal minds, and raise even Fellows, and the average at- 
* n *iL; it5 £^ ,nto use fal tendance at meetings was 
.. . ' , mom than a hundred. 

Unfortunately these stately . 

18th-century statements cov- ^ 1860 a resolute attempt 
ered arguments and dissen- *»* niade to widen the scope 
dons within the Medical of the society and invitations 
Sodety itselfi These include a were sent to a number of other 
notorious meeting of which bodia, such as the ftthologi- 
the. -minutes were formally caJ Society, the Obstetrical 
erased from the minute hook Society and the Epidemiology 

Dining amicably and quietly in the sodety’s restaurant. The history of the organization is, however, different, with manoeuvrings and some maddening derisions 




■■"-'r. -f 
■: a 

.by. order of die council. 

Early meetings 
seem to have 
been in taverns 

The society was dominated < 
by Dr James Sims, a powrrfid i 
personality and described by i 
one of his contemporaries as - 
“a born intriguer”. . 

He. remained president for ! 
22 years, and it was only in ] 

cal society to join in what 
might have been an associa- 
tion taking in the entire 
medical profession. 

Unfortunately, as in previ- 
ous attempts, the apparent 
mistrust of one assodation for 
another ruined the grand de- 
sign, and the same result 
occurred when another at- 
tempt was made in 1870. 

In 1899 new premises were 
found in Hanover Square, and 
in 1904 more than 150 mem- 
bers of different sodeties met 

-- «, 1805 that a resolute group of 

-• the younger members toed, “ d J passed a resohmon, That 
i; . md &ted, to limit the ■" the optnionrftha meetup 

president's tenure to three 
. .. j: years. 

. . 1 ' £ Finally a group led by Dr 

'7.^7 William Saunders resigned, 

• __ and in May, 1805, 26 former 

. t: members of the medical sori- 

. — S? Cti! dy, met in the Freemason's 
. c.*,,, Tavern,. with Dr Saunders in 

■.■■I— Uvey suggested “that a sod- 
. n .._ '.. tty comprehending the several 
. brandies of the medical pro- 
; r‘, 1 , fession be established in Loa- 
, .don, for the purpose of 
-r * convprsation ^on professional 
” ■ V" subjects, Tor the reception of 
• • ' '7_*. communications, and .for the 
formation of a library: and 
tint tins sodety be denomi- 
x Bated'. *The Medical and 
•err: _ Chirnrgical Society of 
, Z London’." 

“ . . .Though the early meetings 
; * .Vseemto have taken place in 

• _ '* taverns, the sodety found 

• := premises ax 2 Verulam Build- 

l .mgs. on a three-year lease at 
. £90 a year. 

In Dr Maurice Davidson’s 

convened by the President of 
the Royal College of Physi- 
cians, and composed of Fel- 
lows and Members of the 
Medical Societies of London, 
it is highly desirable that an 
effort should be made to unite 
the principal sodeties into a 
new body, to be known as "The 
Royal Sodety of Medicine’*’ 

It was not until 1907 that the 
legal details concerning the 
financing of the new sodety 
woe settled to the satisfaction 
of everyone but the Medical 
Sodety, which withdrewfrom 
the association, and a new 
Charter was then granted to 

involve the closing of the 
library, and the dislocation of 
the work for at least twelve 

The alternative was to pull 
down the existing premises 
and rebuild, at an estimated 
cost of £51,000. It is ironic to 
consider that 80 years later, 
the sodety adopted both of 
these alternatives ai once, on a 
different site. 

Dr Davidson’s researches 
into the minutes of the society 
reveal an almost endless series 
of considerations of varying 
proposals, an extraordinary 
amount of dithering and a 
maddening series of votes for 
and against separate and vari- 
ous proposals which must 
have driven the officers of the 
sodety u> distraction. 

A building committee was 
formed to oversee the ap- 
pointment of an architect, 
getting plans and tenders, 
superintending the progress 
and reporting to the Council, 
at a site on the corner of 
Wimpole Street and Henrietta 

It cost a great deal more 
than the estimates, and the 
Wellcome Foundation came 
once more to the rescue with a 
generous donation. 

By 1953 the work was com- 
pleted, but even before that, 
those who watch over the 
progress of the Royal Sodety 
had applied to the Privy 
Coundl in 1952 for permission 
to acquire the Western Dis- 
trict Post Office next door. 

The sodety was granted first 
option when the Post Office 
no longer required the site. 
This happened in 1977 and in 
1978 the freehold was 

From then on it was a 
question of negotiating the 
best deal for the society. 
Thirty developers or partners 
were considered in a package 
for the planning permissions. 

and an agreement was finally 
arrived at with the Heron 
Property Corporation in 1981. 
Under this agreement. Heron 
agreed to build, at its expense, 
a building of six storeys, three 
designed for the society (and 
costing £8 million) and three 
as offices. 

It received the freehold and 
leased back the sodety*s part 
of the building at a peppercorn 
rent for 950 years, a period 

matching the leasehold on L, 
Wimpole Street. 

As soon as the new building 
was completed in spring 1985, 
the old buildi ng was tom apart 
by the contractors and com- 
pletely refurbished, a new 
mezzanine floor inserted in 
the main library, with new 
offices on the third and fourth 

It has now been completed, 
to sighs of relief all round. 

particularly from the staff, 
who have managed to contin- 
ue their work through four 
years’ of rebuilding, with all 
that means in the way of noise, 
disruption, inconvenience 
and quantities of dust 

All building operations 
seem endless, but on July 2, 
everything will be in order — 
until the next time. 

It was not until 1907 that the -pi , 

legal details concerning the 2. Hen, a plan 

financing of the new sodety f Q pn C j U de the ■ 

were settled to the satisfaction nr . , .... 

of everyone but the Medical rU DUliulIlg 
Sodety, which withdrew from — - 
the association, and a new 

Charter was then granted to An appeal went out for 
the Royal Sodety of Medidne. £30.000. and the Royal Soci- 
Tbt results were happy. etyofMedidne was home and 
Income had risen, the mem- dry at 1 Wimpole Street, in a 
bership increased and atten- building of three storeys, coin- 
dance at monthly meetings pleted m early 1912, and 
rose considerably. Grand an- opened by the King on the 21st 
mial dinners were held at the May. 

Hotel Cedi, and the vexed it was not until 1944 that the 
question of accommodation question of increasing the 

came up again. 

The biggest problem was the 
library, which required space 

history. The Royal Sodety of for at least 150,000 books and 
Medicine, 1805-/955, written the separation into a reference 

to marie the 150th anniversary, 
he relates the -the early busi- 
ness of the meetings. such as 
Dr ^ Pearson’s paper on "The 
Treatment of Hooping 
Cough” in 1806, and ' in 1807 

and lending section. 

accommodation appeared 
again. The planners of the 
early part of the 20th century 
had allowed for a fourth floor 
at 1 Wimpole street, and it was 
in the middle of postwar 

Mr Robert Maxwell, MC, 
publisher Mirror Group 
Newspapers and Mirror 
Publications are pleased to 
announce their association 
with The Royal Society of 
Medicine in the publication 
of a special report to combat 
the rising tide of drug abuse 
in this country. Drugs - The 
Scourge of the Eighties will 
be published in the Autumn 
1986, price £1.75. 

Suggestions for the refvur- building restrictions that the 
bisbment and rebuilding at 20 Royal Society of Medidne 

Hanover Square proved that 
the work would have used aO 
the society’s capitaLsmd would 

began its planning to add a 
floor, and rt look until 1951 for 
the plans to be accepted. 




Sterling Research Laboratories 
wishes the Royal Society 
of Medicine many 
happy and successful 
years in 

their new home. 

Sterling Research Laboratories 
Onslow Street 
Surrey GUI 4YS 

t\ s * T 

f ir ; 111 2 

• ;. Vi;r , ; tul3ie ! 

.;^ v o j 


f . n i 

• - \Vi3e 31 i 

. r •>«•* H 

1 , • ■ 



= offers the 

I its congratulations 

= and looks forward 

!*■ - - 

| to further 

E valued co-operation. 

«* ■ .,1^ i 

»» ' — — - 

| H. K. LEWIS 
& Co. Ltd. 


O 4 

Suppliers of Medical Books 
and Journals to the 
Royal Society of Medicine, 

H. 1C LEWIS & Co. Ltd. 

136 Gower Street 
London WCIE 6BS 
01-387 4282 


The Royal Society of Medicine 













t focus D 

One of the most striking 
aspects of the rejuvenated 
Royal Society of Medicine is 
the expansion of its film and 
video unit under Hugh 
Raggett who joined a year ago 
from Channel 4. 

He said; 1 '! want to make our 
productions available to a 
broader section of the com- 
munity both in terms of health 
personnel and the general 
public. We need to have an 
outward looking, commercial- 
ly viable production unit.” 

A new strategy has therefore 
been adopted, which includes 
undertaking commissions, in- 
cluding health related projects 
anywhere in the world, from a 
broad base of clients. 

Among them, in Britain, are 
the Royal College of Nursing, 
the NHS Training Authority, 
the St Andrew's private psy- 
chiatric hospital in North- 
ampton and even Marks & 
Spencer, for whom the unit is 
making training films. 

Action replay by video 
the skill of the surgeon 

The subject matter is equal- 
ly varied. There are Aims 
dealing with communications 
techniques, the doctor-patient 
relationship, drug and alcohol 
abuse and the care of patients 
with AIDS. 

Particularly noteworthy is 
the range of films and videos 
made as part of the Asian 
Mother and Baby Campaign, 
which is a partnership be- 
tween the Save the Children 
Fund, the Government, 
health authorities and the 
Health Education Council. 

The campaign aims to pub- 
licize and improve the accessi- 
bility of ante-natal services to 
Asian women. The RSM’s 
unit has undertaken a series of 
films, also available on video 
cassette and in several lan- 
guages, on such subjects as 
family planning, pregnancy 
and maternity. ' 

Mr Raggett points out that 
various institutions, including 
commercial concerns, are will- 
ing to sponsor RSM films in 

With the successful 
completion of the building 
The Royal Society of Medicine 
gratefully acknowledge 
the contribution of their 
Professional Engineering 

Clarke Nicholls & Marcel 

Structural Design 

Zisman Bowyer & Partners 
Building Services Design 
& Cost Control 

the belief that they are worth- 

Mr Ratt said: “My role is to 
identify the myriad of subjects 
on which films should be 
made and raise the funds for 
them. But as a former director 
and producer, he also plays a 
leading pan in the creative 
process, directing some films 
himself as well as commis- 
sioning freelance directors. 

Among the videos of broad- 
cast quality which the unit has 
undertaken have been those 
which comprise the RSM 
Video Library of Surgery and 
Medicine, made in association 
with the Royal College of 
Surgeons and published for 
the RSM by Macmillan Medi- 
cal Video Productions. 

To meet the needs of medi- 
cal training establishments all 
over the world, each video is 
available in three formats and 
is made to four international 
television Stan Hanfe 

This series enables audi- 
ences to watch senior practi- 
tioners, whose skills are not 
widely available to postgradu- 
ate students, performing oper- 

. They can not only see what 
is happening in a greater 
degree of detail than could be 
obtained within the -operating 
theatre, often getting a better 
view than even the surgeon 
has, but they can of course, 
rewind the video for a second 
look. Such clear and detailed 
observation of surgical work 
has seldom been possible 

The programmes concen- 
trate on principles and proce- 
dures, and practitioners 
discuss potential problems 
and their solutions, demon- 
strating their techniques and 
suggesting alternatives. 

The topics are selected by a 
distinguished editorial board, 
chaired by Sir John 
Stallworthy, a former .RSM 
president and emeritus 
Nuffield professor of obstet- 
rics and gynaecology at Ox- 
ford, with Professor Roger 
Green halgh, of Charing Cross 
Hospital, as edhor-in-chief! 

The board's members com- 
bine expertise in surgery and 
medicine with substantial 
teaching experience. All surgi- 
cal videos are endorsed by the 
Royal College of Surgeons, so 
their educational soundness is 

Because the film and 
televison unit specializes in 
medical programmes, it can 
bring special expertise to pro- 
ductions, with maximum 
cost-effectiveness for its cli- 
ents. Client liaison at every 
step is a priority. 

Apart from such prime 
teaching aids as the video 
library, the unit is developing 
several documentary series, of 
which the Asian Mother and 
Baby films are a harbinger, 
designed both for doctors and 
general TV audiences. 

The unit is also, of course, 
available to provide services 
that may be needed for medi- 
cal and scientific meetings. 

Picnxas Las Lee 


i ; 

The front door, for those who 
haw not entered the head- 
qaartm of the Royal Society 
ot Medicine for the last four 
years, has moved around to the 

side, in Wimpole Street. The 
facade of Portland stone has 
been retained, but it has been 
cleaned and repaired. 

Inside all is changed. A 
large cool hall with pBturs, 
floored in Sidfian pearl mar- 
ble and Juperana granite, has 
the portraits of the royal 
society's great names elegant- 
ly displayed on the walls, with 
the original charter grant* 

IV in 1834. 

Medicine and nursing work side by side 
as complementary professions at the 
service of thepublic The Royal College 
of Nursing is proud to be the neighbour 
of the Royal Society of Medicine inks 
fine new premises. 

The College has long enjoyed its 
doseproadmity to the Society and the 
use of its facilities from tune to time-The 
opening of new premises marks the begin- 
ning of a new era for ihe Society -an era 
of con tinned consolidation trod develop- 
ment. We wish the society a future as 
successful as its outstanding past 

for further information about 
Britain’s fastest growing Trade Union, 
the Royal Colkgeof Nursing and its 
wotkfornuxses and musing, please 
contact -Press and PR Department, 

Royal College of Nursing, 

20 Cavendish Square, 

London W1M0AB. (Tel: 409 2585). 

There is a Mend of the 
modem and the traditional 
that has been ssccessfnlly 
carried out through the whole 
bonding- Walk a little Anther 
on and yon will find the 
Conservatory — a high, glass 

- “Not an atriaan”, says John 
Bastaof Elsom, Padfc and 
Roberts Partnership, the ar- 
chitects involved in not only 
the -building but the design of 
the interior decoration. In a 
building with a long tradition 
he considered it extremely 
important to avoid the tradi- 
tional look of a London dub, 
while retaining the comfort- 
able fed of del premises. 

So, in this way, there is 
neither any extreme design of 
modem furniture in violent 
colourings, nor is there any 
Chippendale. Die RSIVTs col- 
lection of paintings and final- " 
tore was, on the other hand, 
hnportaat enough to figure on 
the archhectnral drawings, 
and each piece has been very 
carefully positioned. 

The Conservatory provides 
space, light and a vista in the 
centre off the bnflding, covering 
a courtyard with a marble 
floor, marble containers fall of 
plants (this being a building 
dedicated to science, ea cSj 
plant is labelled) and die bar, 
battery and restaarant look 
into tbe Conservatory. 

On the same floor are a 
Quiet Room, containing some 
of tbe society's period fiunl- 
tore, and a Common Room, 
with bleached grey wood pan- 
elling and grey leather 
furniture . 

On the first floor is the 
Dom as Medics, in reality a 
small private hotel, with Its 
own reception and sitting area: 
panelled in red wood, with an 
internal terrace overlooking 
the Conservatory. 

There are 34 bedrooms, 
single and double, single over- 
looking an interesting, 
roofccape to the north, double 
facing the internal court with 
the Conservatory. Bedrooms 
with bath are at a premium in 
the centre of London, but these 
e £35 single and £42 double 
_ night — a tremendous bar- 
gain Aw Fellows of tbe Society 

Just a touch of 
the old 

style club class 

-mid there is a littie breakfast 
room , once again overiookii^ 
the Conservatory.. 

Club activities and the res- 
taurant are not generally avail- 
able at die week end, in 
common with some London 
dabs. Tire convenience of such 
accommodation cannot be lost 
on members who have de- 
spaired daring the lasst four 
years and let their member- 
ship [apse. 

Convenience, also, most 
play a part in the me of tbe 
building for meetings, confer- 
ences, press conferences, and** 
colloquial the meetings held 
by tbe RSM on various disci- 
plines, such as the three 
attended by Prince Charles on 
therapy complementary to 
conventional medicine, indnd- 
ing homeopathy, osteopathy. 

chiropractic, acupuncture and 
the study of herbal remedies. 

The society can provide a 
national forum across all disci- 
plines for the discussion of 
medical matters, without feel- 
ing impelled to deliver judge- 
ments on the subjects 

The re-equipped Barnes 
Hall, seating up to 200 people, 
now has buflt in booths for 
simultaneous translation, ami 
the West Hall, also modern- 
ized, seats 120. 

There are rooms for smaller 
meetings, such as the recep- 
tion room, sponsored by 
Mercke Sharp and Do line, 
and popular for press confer- 

Elegantly decorated in 
shades of fawn, white, and 
spectacular pillars m dark 

More than a hint of 
tradition in the Common 
Room, above, hot elegant 
modernity in tbe 
Conservatory, a high, 
glass building - “but not an 
atrium,” says the 

redjt is equipped with not only 
a Waterford crystal chandelier f 
owned by the society, but also * 
air conditioning, and an enor- 
mous painting by James 
Northcote of His Imperial 
Majesty the Tsar rescuing a 
bumble peasant Awn death in 
the river WUnaJn 1806 for 
which he received the Royal 
Humane Society's medal. 

- At the windows are fashion- 
able red and white striped 
Roman Minds. It is a long way 
from its original use as the 
central hall of the Post Office. 

Meetings of all sires and 
shapes can be accommodated 
in the conference room, which 
can be sub-divided into three 
separate rooms, each served 6>‘ 
directly from tbe kitchen, and 
each containing separate light- 
ing and audio- visual controls, 

enabling the complex to be 
used for lectures and seminars. 

Those with sharp eyes will 
appreciate the detailing - the 
use of woodjn handsome solid 
doors, in panelling, and details 
such as the ribbed panels in 
the front hall which frame the 
pictures, echoed in the fluting 
at the top of the pillars, 
replacing the more convention- 
al acanthus leaves. 

For Trollope and Colls, 
theoon tractors, it bas been “an 
interesting job” - two con- 
tracts, one on top of another, 
die one being Aw an office 
building, the other for a client 
with a specific purpose, requir- 
ing a very high quality both in 
materials and finishing s, with 
two rather different 

As an exercise in planning, 
it must have been something of 
a nightmare, but they remain 
delighted with the experience, 
and enjoyed working with 
marble, doing the joinery (of 
which there is a great deal) 
and the piaster ceilings, al- 
though as Peter Ponsford, the 
Contracts Manager, points 
out, the plaster ceiling above 
tbe chandelier in the Merck 
Sharpe and Dohne room, v- 
though covered in grime, and * 
more than a little battered, and 
now restored, was actually in 
the Post Office, though practi- 
cally unnoticed in the stam- 
pede to the stamp counter. 

It is nice, says Trollope and 
Colls , to have a client who 
wants the best, and is not only 
willing to pay for it, hot also 
appreciates it 

Philippa Toomey 


i of 

st or 


: . the 
; the 




i the 
! the 
’ the 
! bid 

. the 

it lily 
until j 

ates’ , 
! the I 
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J m'c v; 


Pfizer congratulates The Royal Society of Medicine on 
the opening, by Her Majesty The Queen, of their 
comprehensive new facilities in Wimpole Street 

We in Pfizer appreciate the contribution to medicine that this 
new development will permit. At our own Research 
Laboratories at Sandwich, over 600 dedicated scientists work 
on the discovery and development of new medicines, in a 
broad range of therapeutic areas. This enables Pfizer to make 
a considerable contribution to medical research. 

Tor industry ^ ear. Pfizer is today opening an Exhibition at 
Sandwich, dealing with ihe discovery and manufacture of medicines. 

?j The Exhibition is open to the public from tomorrow until the nth July. 

Dearden Farrow 

Chartered Accountants 

Congratulates The Royal Society % 
of Medicine on the occasion of the 
opening of its new premises. 

As auditors and advisers to The Royal Society 
as well as to many major medical and social 
charities, hospitals, consultants and practitioners, 
Dearden Farrow has an established tradition 
of service to community health. 

1 Serjeants' Inn, London EC4Y 1JD 
Telephone 01-353 2000 

in the business of creating a future 



has been pleased to 
support the 


In the building of its new premises at 1 Wimpole 
Street, and looks forward to continue working in 
close association with its members. 

,, „ Head Office 

Holborn Hail, 100 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X BAD 
Telephone: 01-404 4470 

23 Branch Offices throughout the United Kingdom 

t. h 

Pfizer Limited, Sandwich, Kent 

Laboratories at Sandwich In Kent. 

r^eafeh-based company with businesses in 
'%&S*fsp^tor*>:specialty' chemicals, materials science and 
er During 1986 Pfizer is spending about £225 

T’ million. ororescarch and development worldwide. 

Wellcome congratulate 
the Royal Society of Medicine 
on the opening of 
their new premises 


The Wellcome Foundation Ltd, London 

is pleased to be associated with 

The Royal Society 
of Medicine 

and wishes it every success in 
. its new home 

( ic 





What’s the difference between 
a Typist and a Secretary? 

. About £4Z50 

Motoowot takes core to assian its antm, 

lot their skills, perecnaiity. andean™ 

and type a<wortL So pay r traininato 

aeco«dln s*yAaapiopefexeeutivq temporal 

to 00150 '* m Payyoatf 

oawgnmenfeltKrt witi pay ytxi towards takeoff 

. of £40 more ewraefctt'op a qualified Talk t> 

But me cueso typist Is still wen paid 
and can use our free Stef Development 
training to make progress. If you're a 
temporary Wgh flier. that 1 3 how well 
pay you; If not yet. well help you 

Halk to us about pay ... and aB 
toe other benefits. 


Temporary Staff Specn%ii 

SECRETARY/PA £ 1 3,000 

Small, technically specialised company with offices in Mayfair require 
an experienced P A/Secretary for the Managing Director. The right 
balance between tact, drive and enterprise will be needed in order to 
carry out successfully the co-ordination of a small team of 
secretaries. Attributes we shall look for are; 

* Experience in supervising juniors. 

* Enthusiasm for using modem technology techniques 

* wor d processing and document preparation, 
flexibility a reacting to problems and pressures that comes from 
working to strict deadlines. 

If you have these attributes together with good typing, shorthand and 
word processing drills, write with your C.V. to; 

Our Advisor, 29 Merton KaN Gardens. 

London SW20 8SN 

’*■ ®vR 


Now’s the time to make a move In our 
direction and hear about our inspiring 
opportunities for college leavers and 
young secretaries: 

Marketing Sec. W.l. £11,000 
Record Co. N.W.10 £9,500 

Museum Design S.W.7 £9,000 
Trading With 

Fr./Ger. W.l. £8,500 

Property Sloane Square £8,500 
Textiles E.C.2 £8,000 

Leading Actors W.l. £6,000 

if you're bright presentable and enthusi- 
astic, age 18-25 with 90shd/55typ ring 
us now and hear more. 

437 6032 


* Jh RICnuatl^iiT i/»&wu.K, 


Greeting the Mayfar clientele 
of the famous Estate Agency 

is considered to be one of the 
most important robs - first 
impressions count Then te- 
cephowst is not therefore, 
expected to have anything to 
do wth a switchboard or a 
typewriter. Appearances 
count too. so a dress allow- 
ance is given. It you are 22*. 
there are real career pros- 
pects . 

of Bond St. 

Recnji imcii Cansmun's 

Sfc ib. [nrfl t3Mo f BSnikD 
B1-62S T294 



You will help organise 
consultants' busy schedules 
and you actual e typing mfl 
be used lor learning word 
processing and computing. 
An exceptional telephone 
manner and lively attitude will 
tw put to good use when con- 
sidering promotional 
prospects xr Has go-ahead 
young management consul- 
laney. Age 19+. E8.500 

of Bond St. 

RwinITOfll Ccnuujntt 

*f» S5. (neri 4x» i. InM 

A Time to Temp 

What do you look for from icmporan- work? 
High iWHrds certain K- — but more besides? 
The question is \alid, because in today s 
market tou do ha\t a chute. 

Our own temporaries fomi an exdusne, 
high calibre leant our clientele amongst the 
most prestigious in London. Wth good 
secretarial skills, quite frankly you can make 
gdod money anywhere. But if you want the 
best, in ewry sense, then give mea call. Sara 
Dyson, on 01 h93 5 7 8 7 - 


CIRCA £14 v 000 

An opportunity has arisen to join our Specialist Office 
Systems Recruitment Division of a major international 
organisation. Ideally you will be an exceptional experi- 
enced consultant and possess interpersonnel talent to 
co-ordinate contract staff with Blue Chip Clients 
throughout the United Kingdom. 

You should have confidence and presence to liaise at 
the highest levels yet flexible, team spirited and of 
course enthusiasm, along with professionalism. 
Please send full curriculum vitae Cm confidncej to: 
Joy Adams, Recruitment Director, 
Office Systems Recruitment Services, 
115 Shaftesbury Avenue London WC2 
Tel 439 4001. 


£ 8,000 

Join this very prestigious company, retailers 
of beautiful do tries and fragrances, as secre- 
tary to the marketing team within their fashion 
division. You should be keen to team with a 
flexible “turn your hand to everything and 

anything’ attitude. This is a new position with 
excellent prospects. 90/50 skins and WP 
experience needed. 


V 23 CoBegeHU London EC40l-2fl0 3551 S 

HMMC- 12 K aae 

_..for 'upmarket' Sac PA 
who knows the way around 
pie oty. Ncwtey set up inter- 
national company, fcwstsig 
prospects, being in 'on the 
ground Hoot* for a ttexBft 
exp person with charm and 
team spirit, (shorthand Ayp) 
responsible » mananmg <S- 
rector age 25-35. 

CaB lbs Bymfioa 
Nonna Skemp 
Panama! services 

01 222 5001 

(spy St Jams' Park tebej 

£ 8 - 10,000 

The advertising and public 
relations world offers great 
scope and involvement far 
weH educated yraxtg secretar- 
ies. Lets of ctenf kssoa 
meda trasmg and atwvs aH a 
fast movng imly enwon- 
mert. Let us help you break 
into PH or advertising now. 



From tomorrow we are ollering all our temporary secretaries the oppor- 
tunity of earning a bonus of £260 after working for 750 hours within any 
52 week period. There are no hidden clauses and it will be possible to 
earn 5600 in I year. 

In addition we pay excellent hourly rales far temping at the level you 

With speeds of 1 00 '60. 2 years' Director level experience in London and a 
thoroughly professional approach you can join the team immediately 
and head for your bonus. 

Please telephone 0 ! -434 4512 for an appointment. 

Crone Corkill 



We won’t promise you the earth, what we will promise is that we 
will try to understand you and what you want and then find you 
work to match your abilities. 

Every Kelly Girl branch has a customer service representative 
whose full time job is to get lots of orders for our temporary 

Every Kelly Girl Temporary employee starts earning holiday and 
bank holiday pay from day one. 

We promise to do our best for you whatever your skilte:- 
Visit the branch most convenient for you today. 

61 Cheapside, EC2 - 01-248 8135 
163 New Bond Street, W1 - 01-493 3051 
240 High Hofbom, WC1 - 01-242 1832 
25 Brompton Rd, SW3 - 01-589 4554 
181 Oxford St, W1 - 01-734 3511 








Continuous free cross training on all popular 
systems and software with the opportunity to 
progress into support application and 
programming, and In-company Consultancy 
Training, which in turn offers extremely 
attractive benefits. 


P le ase contact Trida Morris or Debbie Oakley 
on 01 439 4001 

Office Systems Recruitment Services 
1 15 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WC2 



Starting Salary; £9,000 - £10,000 
(review after six months) 

Today, 40 people in Britain wfl go blind. RNIB is 
Britain's largest charity for people with little or no 
sight. We need a personal assistant/secratary to as- 
sist our External Relations Director in fund-raising, 
press and public relations activities. We also need a 
personal assistant/sacratary to assist our Education 
Director in the administration of our schools and edu- 
cational services. 

• • ■ ; - YOU Should be at (east 25 years 

of age; well-educated: with good 
shorthand and typing akffls: previous 
m^eiefc- secretarial experience; some knowt- 

KNIB 8 e X^ processors; ^ 

Please send C.V. ttr Hagdatai Bestirs, 
Royal National Institute for the Blind, 
224 Greet Portland Street, 
London WIN 6AA 

■0 SH or WHO tai WP ntmnu. ougong pmovMy & anari *®kx 
ana? c QUOD n on rttoi hr it atfmssimx*’ Secretary (72-JBJ to torn ttas 
yang fennifl Itwitaig 1V1 aweary who rt aori ng (anfl promrtng) B ■ 

HEALTH CUM and other twerts mat A Ipmxotr coflege fewer saoewy 
iW6xl Ms piKT^aB Si .femes teal wgarasa&on KfesPv OraMaie sbodd 
texeAetacatfm smart amamc and gosotviinglSHuBrtuij EL50& 
4 ROOM one A VIEW + no 000 XI SI Jem itxs a good Pk/Ssc 2** 
■ah personally ( charm to mV for B* Dnaa id ws mjn- 

rawd etw. You should possess good sAiVs (rusty SH KapatteJ. WP 
OoWdge ml It* dMy to Moth jiUmnay 
EUflBmM BR6AM9HG D.MD An ootgowg mdMBnaft Mte tnpn tsam 1 
■drt, b u grotty sougai w «rt wth hw easy pong M feiy ytuifl 
eztcuBxts. Tfcxy can otto &MJUE INV0LVEU£NT AID VARETY «i raw 
tor good tyjxng and lefepnmc tU. 

TRAva A T00RS 16-2* fG500-UA» ft s are ctxrem ncnxBng lc 
smem gasvorc Msed the We9 Ena sea how cotep few to &d 
IDbtarlMel Tw« bcretks set tmleaH rafeng canowns »«s secctsc 
M cmMUes 

PROPERTY PA EHL000 -f. AH exceted ocportunxy Ins areen mUm Bis 
ptstxfoiK Maytax orgnnMn la a Is cta» PA. YKofeng fa a nosy 
apooxnfd dynan* boss shonaand rs net mouffM But a Iraacal bacAgrtwid 
v* pkasam pnonafey Muld tie adxantageous. 

Plow* co n tact Lind* Mdaod or Lya Batrrt on 
W-43S 3054 or 0T438 0482 oflor BSOfm. 
sots 220, Unoti Hoa, 1B2/15S Regent Snot, London W1 



Sales and Marketing Director of leading tele- 
vision company needs a lop PA to ensure 
the smooth running of his busy department 
The successful applicant will be socially con- 
fident. resilient probably had advertising 
experience at senior level and has sec skills 
of 100/60+. Presentation and appearance 
are of utmost importance. Please telephone 
01-499 6566 



BuMUU — m 



A true PA. role awaits you here, in the heart of 
this busy City based legal Practice. Ideally you 
will be aged 27 years +, have excellent Secre- 
tarial skills ana administrative ability and 
would appreciate a boas who truly delegates. 

Telephone Venessa/JiD on 01-242 8844 

AFB (Bee Cons) 


You are s succassM PA/Secmay tooWW tar wiatoi You bw 
ptayng a taw refe m a sm* lam. 0a 40 year oU MO manges 0e 
agwiding Ewopm HQ of ■ US CompUto 5YSTO5 company. He 
mods your stalls 505. at pw tm. he tan need yoo tor-Srt - so me 

job a rened. 

mi n trt yoo non - Sm Spodan pi) SB BM2. 
Salary £ 10.000 pa. 

. (No Agendas) 


WM adwrei ’Texm « m * m# B lo* w 
Tm ftortmfe otto «cB Umb iwfen ani 


dea xcnrelsnx l* own 8 k tmm mo 
fen MliiilitaiwWiiixil eoo w i * tof 
toM net ngaid 


PERSONNEL £13,000++ 

Consultants needed for our expanding 
secretarial and WP consultancies in trie 
City and West End. You are 24-40 with a 
personnel/ recruiting background, a posi- 
tive personality and a high degree of self- 
motivation. Salary package £13,000++. 
Can Lyn Cecil on 439 7001. 


Run the office (22 strong), including ail 
the administration as well as the person- 
nel aspect + handle your own 
correspondence as PA to the MD of a 
Mayfair Company. 

CHAIRMAN £11,000 

Assist with the setting up of a small Head 
Office in SW1 of a major Pic as PA to the 
Chairman + Company Secretary. Finan- 
cial background + good shorthand typing 
skills required. 

EARLY 20*s+ £11,000-£12,000 

Office administration + secretarial back- 
up for 3 consultants in hectic SW1 
executive search consultants. Cheerful, 
confident personality, ‘A’ level education 
+ shorthand typing and WP. 

City 3778600 West End 4397001 I 1 

Secretaries Plus 

The Secretarial Consultants 

Elizabeth Hunt 

to £ 10,000 

Jwi this international, famous name manufacturing company 
and have responsibility tor the recruitment ot all secretarial/ 
dental staff. You’ll enjoy an informal, friendly office a»m>- 
sphere. your own otlrce and tiee lunch. Previous leawtmeni 
experience and 80/50 skills needed. 


£ 10,000 

You won’t do better than joining ffus leading City bank as 
secretary to a very pleasant executive director. He will en- 
courage you to take on mote ami more responsbitity and act 
as his assistsit. Super benefits include free tares, a generous 
bonus and mortgage subsidy. 100/55 skills needed. 

Bnabetfi Hunt Recruitment Consultants 

23 College HI London EC4 Qt-240 3551 J 

LEGAL SEC /PA £11,500 

The successful candidate will be an experi- 
enced commited Legal secretary able to deal 
with numerous prestigious Clients, compe- 
tent communicator along with organizational 
ability in the day to day running of a highly 
professional solicitors. 

Ideal opportunity if you require a stretching 
and interesting position. 

Please contact Karen Roche 
or Zara Siddiqui on 

439 4001 



Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles. No let-downs. Just plain, simple, 
high grade temping. 

A tasteful package of top jobs- elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to 'Tire Work Shop*. 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

■■IHHI Rro-ullmmt Cmu>ulunb WnBBMR I 


Tate advantage ot our excellent NEW rates and enjoy the 
ace opportunites we can offer you on our fast-moving, busy 
temp team. Stills of 80/100 sh or audio, 50+ typ. and 
W.P., age 13-25, you would be a winner with us. Call us 

437 6032 


A A«KC^fiilvi CO-fit'iUMi:. 

c£1 1,500 

One of the Ccy’s leading t» 
firms holds a rare sod attrac- 
fa opening. E Rftrww fci 
the field s essentia! as you 
promise problems, organise 
secretaries, asset witii reorit- 
ment and general admin- 
istration. Toni profession- 
alism and first class 
conniuHiuiiun skfite are es- 
sartnl iseoBtariaf faeekgrouid 
ptamedj^Bsanent twoefte - 

Cal Ros Smith 

283 1855 

10 S8T £1 0,508. 

PA/Aflmn asssam for 
M.O. of Ire an mustang 
company in Chelsea, 35 
people, a lantay business, 
they need a good organiser 
who s gw* wueti m mH 
nuk to at all levels. Likely 
age rase 24-30. For fur- 
liter deists please caH Jane 
Crnsthwarte on 
81-581 2977/2947 


Duncan Vehicles Limited is a high growth com- 
pany offering challenging opportunities, situated 
in very pleasant surroundings with high quality, 
low-cost housing available locally. 

We urgently require a PA to work for the Joint 
Managing Director. Essential qualifications: 
Mathematics or Science degree preferred, or 
good Maths A-level minimum, together with ex- 
cellent typing and shorthand skills. 

Good organisational ability together with a will- 
ingness to work longer hours is required. The 
job will involve compiling own correspondence, 
producing spread sheets on the in-house com- 
puter system, organising daily schedule and 
general administration. 

A salary package of £8.000 - £9,000 is offered to 
the successful applicant. 

Please apply in writing with a full C.V. or tele- 
phone for an application form to: 

Mrs A M Duncan, Joint Managing Director 
Duncan Vehicles Limited, Southgate Way 
Orton Southgate, Peterborough, 

Cambridgeshire PE2 OYG 
Tel: (07g3) 237371 


FtoMa. umnud PA/fln- 
mnsiraoi leaned to wvk lor 
Itie M0 oi ift»5 piestKpous and 
uwNkng n teeny Omtooirere 
Co. A tuon canei apgonunoy 
Iw soiPMne «WI i qood oiaan c- 
sarai sMb and me a&uy to 
test » all fevets Pertc irmte 5 
rate taMay> 

CrtY’ 01-4S1 2345 
WEST END 01-938 21SS 



HMimrimi & bicty Sec mtti WP 
yu»i i eauxM » taw comp feu 
council ot Dusv M. HHft otices. 
hi the managers atuence oW 
fesponaixlny m conhdama' Per- 
sonnel oetafs. arranging travel & 
pneraky runong the show. 
Suneri) prosps tv a com pe tern 

crr»' 01 4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 21SS 



£ 11,000 22 + 

taL Har S Beauty Co. seek com 
petem SH Type! tor the* W1 
ottaes ProvaJa hil Sec/Adrm 
suKwn at the demon & travel 
amuHlfie country at short now* . 
An exanraj. chatfengmg opporai- 
raty for a kwty person. Perts 
maude (<ee haotirassmg. 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 218S 




€rtKHM b oatroetan SecfPA Is 
refluxed ta the Safes and Market- 
ing dept ot ttas Iol Co. Good 
stab needed tad uWoe you 
personahy * oxgaraang alafty »i 
tt»s tun last moving envxonmert 
Sat 2 no pibtM who a tab 
who a drffeienca. 

CITY- 01-4812345 
WEST EISD= 01-938 2188 


REAL ESTATE £10,500 

EyceAenl organisational flair is ttw essential quality needed 
when you join trie MD m this prestigious Properly Co m Wl. 
Total variety for a mvaoous personality- 100/60 wpm. 


At last a Legal Partner who delegates, offers involvement and 
responsibHrty. fn return you must be capable of accepting trie 
responsUtty and provldng a fufl PA role. Age 244 with 50 
wpm Audio. 


Independent F.E College seeks a competent secretary to co- 
ordinate the careers library. Plenty ot students, telephone and 
outside contact plus admm and marketing duties. Age 21 4 with 
excellent audio and i years experience. 


Assignments now avalaUe. 

262 Begat Street. Lewfoa Wl (by Oxford Circes) 
434 2402. 


£11,500 pa + bonus 

The MD of this reputable City Co requires a 
shorthand PA who can organise his day, deal 
with important City people and generally work 
on own intiative. Benefits include 5 l v bonus, 
restaurant etc. Telephone Alex Forbes on: 
01-626 8524 Monument Personnel. 



Wa are a Property 
Development Com- 
pany looking (or a 
competent secretary. 
Wilft audio/Shorthand 
skills. Good telephone 
manner, initiative, 
adaptability and sense 
of humour. 

Four weeks holiday. 

£9,500 BSD. 

The Inumaumal lund thwson rt 
presheois hrsra house sseis 
a sHted awtianfl/typng jnfl 
WPseoeurv iw irws i¥r{onn«l 
BW tentxi Managers. The aflity 
» ’Wl* cn you tear «ill l» 
reeaaea wh a comp«*w sal- 
ay. cheap mortgage, tree huHti 
care. Bonus, ptmon and season 
betet tarn. Ag* » . & 


Covent Garden 


HOFleet Street EC* 

Coutamd ax oat pane 






■ i ' .vj Jim'. Mp »our and or* open wd team iD about sons 0 °- 

.h. tin ': »• atui we o» a PA We ate in advertHOj agency and as pa '» 
uh. our Senwr Dtrecuw ibett wiK «ver be « dull mortem- ** jj* 
■aiKUifif i he da>enn)i« and PR for fomc of o* < wry important djcwiv « 
tanb.up the ataxy t human devjefapniemi pnwamme Yoor lunrti®® 
i>?H be iq Item the imtceh corning smooth}* mite arip (hr Ptrtrtq r * iua ” 
<B 0 ttU of his wpfh. ftHtewm up proms wfufc be is wtic*"*** «J*“- 
Wofd procevung espencacc and accurate trpinj w pw 

stem hand speeds need «n be ihe very bwL You nfl b* tBi n ?^ 3 0 
Apple Computer Graphics ihu 4 umai« *Hjch «e use w jneenatwos. 

CaB Kictatf Kndairl and tudf b/m about juoaeK HeU all » qp a biwfl g 
about *tat he -ann in j PA. Sbrt at Oi WO (Iflb bolide arraasonenu 
bonounyJl. ‘ 

St James's Corporate Communications. 
‘ 4/7 Red Lion Court, Fleet Strict. 
London EC4A 3EB. Tel 01 583 2525. 

Superb communication and organisational 
skills, a bright, lively personality and pride in 
a task well done, will stand you in good stead 
when you join our Consumer Marketing Di- 
vision as Secretary/ PA to one of our 

Excellent speeds a must as is a pro ven work 
background and the ability to remain cairn in 
all circumstances 

Lots of-scope and opportunities to use initia- 
tive for the right candidate 
' (22-28) 



Contact Melysa Coles today at 
Charles Barker Lyons on 
01-643 1044 

Preferably with laboratory/ commercial 
accounts experience required for Private 
Endocrine Clinic in Harley Street area. 

The applicant should be literate, numer- 
ate, adaptable, a non-smoker with word- 
processing, computer, telex skills, 
efficient and unflappable. 

Send CV to: Attention ENDOC/Lab Sec, 
to Box No. Bll. 

Starting Salary £9,500 per annum. 


Experienced Secretary /PA 10 successful entrepre- 
neur specialising in Corporate Finance. 
Opportunity 10 manage a section of the business 
with profit related remuneration in addition to 
salary. Small City office. 

Secretarial duties include assembling and typing 
reports and own correspondence. 

Age 28 - 40. Salary £12,000 + Bonus. 


01-603 8525 after 8.00 patu 


A superb opportunity for an frrtefflgent. articulate, 
& presentable Exec. Sec/PA. to Senior Partner of 
old established law firm. Good french required, 
another language helpful: must have legal exp. 

Work indudes wide variety of Middle/Far East 
Europe /U S. private, commercial, environmental & 
conservation interests. Audio/shorthand/W.P. 
essential. Excellent salary and working conditions. 
Own office o looking gdrjs. 

Write with detailed C.V. to: 

Ms M. Dewar, Wood Nash & Winter’s, 


3 Raymond Buildings, Gray’s inn, 
London. WC1R 5BH. 

London, WC1R 5BH. 
Tel: 01 242 7322 

Mature individual required for quiet new 
Mayfair office of US Investment Advisor. Hours 
noon to 6p.m. Excellent typing skills a must. 

Should be non smoker. 

Please send C.V. in confidence with telephone 
number for quick reply to: 

IncaVal (UJC) LTD 
17A Curzon St 
London W1Y 7FE 

£11,000 p.a. + BENEFITS 

Two Directors of a major industrial 
company near St James’s Park require an 
efficenL capable secretary with excellent 

Non smoker preferred 
Please contact: 

Maggie McLintock 

01 828 6842 




An ended career opportunity tor ‘A’ tavd/readtate college 
towers to icm th e warahoraBy acclainied trawng otgangaton. 
Attend eonjamoa, throughout re UX and nrert top meui tn a bst s 

are) spates- A friendly, outgone personalty and 80/45 speeds 
are needed. 


COSMETICS 1 0,000 

Beauty and elegance are synonymous with the name 

» a QnUful Ihn nlnmm ir 

of this international organisation. Behind the glamour 
is a truly effective professional team and the role of 
Secretary to the Marketing Director is a vital one. The 
ability to deal with people and absorb pressure is an 
absolute must - as is a sound secretariai/admin back- 
ground. Confidence, sparkle and resilience wiU lead to 
excellent prospects and benefits. 24 +. 

Jane Graham Partnership 
17a Newman St, London W1 


Varied and demanding permanent post of 
personal secretary to busy entrepreneur. 

Versatility and ability to work under 
pressure, typing and telex skills. Small but 
beautiful office in West End. Responsible, 
rewarding and unusual position with good 
salary for the right applicant. 


01-637 2552 (Rec Cons) 

01-408 2077/01-493 7484. 

MAYFAIR PA TO *10,5011 

Matte floors - wwaxig teriusnade - ewvMew ote yaw o*m dice PA 
steWiand sec to I own** 5 Ma Iwi + 3 montos sabre rwe» 


As a Drooi s secretary you ved haw a very MMhng nue and nor he treated b a 
iw 1 Computer M#wg + a Iwjh level of resoans4W». 

pmor! Compuef rrsneiQ + a ftgh level of resocnsJttty. 

Please call Sarah 
01 439 2308. 


Required by Japanese stockbrokers. The right candi- 
date mil be enthusiastic and hard working with good 
secretarial skills and able to work, on own inniiiauve. 
age 20 - 30. Good career prospects 
Salary £10000+ 

Other benefits include mortgage subsidy, bonus. LVS 
and 4 weeks holiday. 

Call Metre on 638 4871 ext 250. 

TO MD! £10,000 

The fnendlv young dynamic west 
Haireauo Gam niter Co are 

(ootana lor someone to become 
ihe MO s nght hand. To lose at 

aU levels, at m on means and 
generally to represent the M0 m 
fo absence SH * thaw and Wr- 
ing are mnmal but you nwst 
have good speeds. Presentation 
and be able to cope under pres- 
srae are very nwrax 
For torttin thuds on the easting 
operang cad 

Lindy Basil on 

408 1616 

Marfcetforcs (Rec Cons}. 

Secretary bilingual 

bly with experience m legal 
work; lor lawyer s office in 
Cologne (KOIn). Germany; 
salary accenting to age and 
experience and above 

Please refer Ur 
Rechtsanwalte Dr. Ehle, 
Feldman, Dr. SchHJer 
Mehtomer Strassa 13. 
D-500Q Koto 51 
Tefc (□) 221-380131. 

Mr. Feldmam. 


jaw* Hotnmbl «n {ttsBB&i 
S*o«arv . UveMH aide Hi wort <r n- 
wm 4 x, pm oi a stbIi raws* 
enunte>q t wa nm o H «ahn 
P *<*t*u*n Prm Would euI rtfioe 
feMitUK pa. 

Ring S02 5581. 

No td/BUhS 

SEC. £12,000 

Experienced, efficient Sec- 

retary (25+} required by 
SW1 Stockbrokers. The abil- 
ity to organise and work 
under pressure plus good 
skills (80/60) and same WP 
experience are essential for 
ttas tost moving environ- 
ment Franco! experience 
would be an asset 

01-236 5501 

7 Ludgate Sq. EC4 
(Open 9.30-4.30) 


Main role is la oonTnuie 
»ufT in a dnium of *cU 
Known Ma»Bcmem to«vs«U 
rant. Mug base good 
adminaialne sirihamj to- 
Ktm to convuactv' WP. No 
rf w rt w nd. Xgc 2 S+. 

CHELSEA £10,000 

Property co Charman with art 
and other Interests seeks styl- 
ish Gvehr audo sec/PA, aged 
2535. . 

CMI Preotoa Secretaries 
(•toe Can) 

01-488 2887 

Meredith Scott 

1/7 Hen Sl Loodm BG4Y IAA 

ot-583 nw/eess 

Legal La 

£9^00 + WffiTGAGE 
Our died, A ptes&pws 
Oty Bankers, seek a Profes- 
sional. well educated 
Shorthand Secretary with 
the ahbty to provide both 
an Adow & Seasonal sup- 
port within the Marking 
Dept EtceKent pronxttn 
prospects. Acme Apfte, 158 
Blsinpsgde EC2. 



(£7,000. “ 
Anwr post has been ab- 

ated for a bright young 
jy pg+j to fan s 
smaU recadjy fanned PR 1 
ccmpaty in Central Lon- 
don. They are growing tost 
and need your help. Has is 
a peat opportunity to ion a 
yumg group when you 
career can (yaw with the 
company. Shorthand Is 
.needed and you vOL be 
trained on a WP. 

of Bond St. 

ftanntmesj Conautrantt 
n» 55.l»aaw r — ited 


TO *55^.^3722 


for gurveybxs SWL 
Salary £8^00 - 

£9 <000. Busy all round 
job, audio, Wang WP 
(train right person). 
Ring Debbie on 
0932 68311 


Required for small bureau of American News- 
paper Group. Some book-keeping experience 
necessary. Typing/good telephone manjwf 
flak 'for organising a must Prw early Ws. 

Tel 01-353 9123 

(No agencies) 


: . uh mtes a era 

JUIIIUR tffcrara— 

A ^ bootah® to 

™ ™ em OB** me a 

Staff dMt remn 6dcHiB» «■ &"*• 


"* 01-439 9921 

Do-. Utfon jl an InvB. hlfh 
admin conttnl Norttl^Vion 
computer. cX lO.OOO. We 
werausc rn vec. aunm recrux- 
nroni in SW * west London, for 
further oeulli oo our up (o date 
mem IKI. pleaae lorward your 
CV. to Natalia Kovao. TED 
Lid. TED House. . 5-S 
Heatfunans Raod- Parsons 
Crcen. SW6 «TJ or CeB Ol -796 



’ yy. JB- _^ r 

nannD Mii mto tvm. 

. op to £ 9 . 000 . Wr are tooWnfl 
(or. an enUnsrastfc- audio sec 
Who h nt rofoy A Ouaf sale* «n- 
iWHiwrt wwmiiwiwd of 
renxro^waty Good p«kS. 
Plow phone Salty Owm» on 
01236 0594.. KnMitsbrtWe 
Secretaries. 4 Pont SL. Loodoo 
SWl. — 




ww at 

Exclusive wtnr slviWft n f* a 
an interested SH/Sec «WW 
spoken Frenchmul 
m ttw wm* trade, vanert roj» 

cruomem ConsuOantt 01-039 

' im' 

nciST»Y/CO(UCf Leaver 

IO- 22 years lo assW Personnel 

Administrator SWl. Typing 66 
wpm and -A* levels preUsned. 
exrcllcni career prospects plus 
trey pood salary package 
wrurti includes wertlmo sod 
Xmas borne* Fee Interview ve- 
ronica Laps 957 6626 

Onlnrom staff Pwa a suirt 


orraustMcic mv. caooo 

♦ perns. c«>d opportunity for 
bubbly rerep. to work ior^ren- 
ttc PR co. Seme of humour and 
tnuiattv* -essential.. Please 
phone voryxa Cbrke on Ol- 
236 0394 Knlgtalsbridv* 

Secretaries. « Posit Lostdon 

MDtCNAftT BJM cC9.00Q.Sf 
» n tfporuamy RR svcrrtw 
SSd^tojSst M»r. >wm 
Rusty SH. fasl tV^S 

Swp experience 

nd. boons * subs, pwripage. 
Capuai People 940 938*. 

Wtth CT tevetfc. sound sJJW 
( 90-501 and bright personal 

S. Famous wtcoionemroro. 

HMOCCtt. CE7.60O *■ top bc«s> 

wami people 940 4394. 

C 1 LOOO + Mf ■ ad outetandmo 
otrooriuniiy to use your inuia- 
Uve as PA Secretary to Ihe 
Ce rector of one of the new 
breed of FlnanoalserMcescoro- 
Mnn In Wj you are htpbly 
motnaied. well preseuicd and 
diMomatlr wuh riients 4- pos- 
sets usual shorthand skills. Mid 
xri - mid 50's. 5 weeks hob + 
tree hinrh. Call 577 S600 tcxryl 
or 459 7001 iWesi Cndi Secre- 
taries Pita - The Secretarial 

HHLC PLCASC NO shorthand. 
Htu good audio skins needed as 
secretary to a busy expandtna 
private dental practice In Bel- 
gravia ' nec eo o cro. 

correspondence * telephone 
jULSOO - C9.000 + very clean 
teeth Call 377 8600 tCKyl or 
439 7001 iwesTEnd) Secretar- 
ies Plus - The Secretarial 


Secretary reoutfdd from 7Ui 
July. Reply to BOX B08- 

AL A successful record 
romnany based to Park Royal 
with us own compilation label 
needs an mifneasuc secretary 
to work (or 2 3 Directors, pro- 
tiding lull sec and admin 
support The autwopnere b fasl 
mm log. noisy and can be hrede 
Bui loamy, fun. informal, and 
ten rewarding. 5 yri> sound 
sec rep cos. IOO 60. Age res. 
Salc.t9.500 Please can 437 
6052 HotMonrs Rec. Cows. 


earty StTs with average short- 
. hand, super typing WB enkw 
parUctpatton In busy We of 
MJX CUP Advertising Group. 
Demanding role for an altogeth- 
er person whose range much 
exceeds the normal ss u et ana L 
r .Cl 0.000 plus fringe benefits. 
Joyce Crones* 01-680 


property Co deaHns with PR. 
Marketing and Development as 
Ms PA. 20k. Pubbc-Scnool edu- 
cated and personam? to Share 
htt fatal business co mmi a wen te 
and run h» life generally- 1 st 
dats shorthand / typing awns es- 
sential bid P-A. dualities 
parantouW cXiaoOO pa. So- 
per fringe bens. Joyce Outness 
01660 8807/00*0. 

ffOtCTMT Fd Director m 
Masratr Estate agmev Good 
Audo or shorthand and BP w» 
3dP Salary £9.500 * Bonus. 
Tet Dl^Si 2999 Ref. VLP 

NO LM. CMLOOtL tntcresUng 

opp. 10 work for two dynamic 
convuuaiHs in toil Managemeai 
Consuuaney In w.i_ Voursetf- 
mauvalkm and «y* (or.dtM 
will be greatly appreciated 
wMie preparing pieseMatlons 
and dratlng «w cllenla. Age 
20 - 26 . accurate audto.copy 
lyp. 404 and sac: exp. Please 
rafi usen 4376032 H u bsl o ne s 
Rec Oons. 


Pa sought ter new post offering 
responsibmy. lots of future po- 
tential and the .chance to use 
FTtmctr And/or German. Re- 
otdres CJCC presentation, pood 
shorthand sec sWUs and • flexi- 
ble attuode. CtO/OOO -s bonus. 
BJ AecTuumeai 01-493 6446 

r r B Y -: " trrn 

79*b AOMIN, 2S% SECRCTAIff- 
AL as shorthand sermary 16 
the PorVMinrf and Operations 
Managers of a small inlema 
L octal Oly bank you are 20‘s 
' Piiloy working on your own ml 
I la In e and being pari of a small, 
flexible learn £9.000 neg + 
xuhsidwd mortgage. Temp le 
Permanent rural Call 377 B60C 
1 C 1 I 1 1 or 439 7001 fWest End. 
Serre lanes Plus - The Seer Karl 
al Consultants. 


with secretarial background 
>90-601 to help m the mainte- 
nance of enUrr support schemes 
for Personnet Dept- of Mayfair 
Propeny Group. Pubht School 
educated. Good comenunkalor. 
able to make decMcna. 
r£ll.00Opa plus fringe bene- 
fits. Joyce Gutness 01-880 

■•»-.e 1 v,7.+r. 

longue preferred! with good an 
round admin secretarial expe- 
rience sought ht> - major 
international Cuy firm. Top lev - 
el ponuoti involving occasional 
Iran station. ExceOem negotla- 
. bte salary AbHItv to use 
Japanese wp useful Can Nicky 
404 0022 Mngsiand Per*. Cons. 


i77*i CIO OOO nun Mdor CM> 
firm reqtnrr* experienced 
wraduale Breferredi senior lev 
ri verretary w«h good admlr 
barker ound. Varied pastllon in 
voivmg lurien with candidates 
vuoervtuon of deM srCTCtarier 
and vital -RKhl arm” support 
10 personnel manager. AutUc 
and sound wp knowtodge re- 
a uiied ConiartNtcfcy 40*0022 
k'mgtfand tens. cun*. 

£8.000. Joui Uds leading flits 
of arm itecla and run their busy 
reception area. Previous 
switchboard e xp c rt e t icr and a 
friendly, calm manner essen- 
tial. Please telephone 01 2*0 
5611.3631 (Wed End) or 01 
240 3661 «CMyL Eltabrih Hunt 
Recruitment. Consultants. 

■My.' . 


£11.000 Join Uds aty based 
Invrstiprm bank as Secretary to 
a very charming enrrouve dl 
rrclor Voull cruoy a 
respo m lM r PA rote Fhicfit 
Frcnrh rtoenUal and any 
knawkdgr of Italian woedd Do 
useful 100 bO skills needed 
Pleave telephone Ol 200 
3611 3531 tWrU Eodl or OI 
7403661 'Clly). Elraabelh Hunt 
Rerrutlmral Consutlanl*. 

ASST, to C7AOO + «c. bonus- 
es. Begin your career carrying 
out a responsible function vrt to- 
rn Uds Piccadilly -bused 

company rnvofved in an melt- 
ing and f as-moving field. You 
will ronsotldaie your sec. skUh 
and bufld up your admin, abili- 
ty. Skills 80/65 w.p.m. 

Synergy, toe recrunmenl con* 
HfUKV. 01-637 9633. ■ 

SECRETARIES for Architect, A 
Designers. Permanent A tempo- 

rary posilions AMSA Specialist 
Rec Cons 01 734 0632 

SH/SEC for buzzing Public Rrla- 
• lions depL . Large « ECt To 
ce^oo SnbsKUsed mortgage. 
Free lunches. Belle £mp Asy 
01-404 4666 

Ipcffia rap 

1 n mMI-ipA|. 


Wart Pro*. Opt. 

A hugs selection of 
assortments in TV. Fans, 
Advertising, Music. 
Theatre and Video. 

CM! Km or Kota on 
01-629 3132 andbecome 
a Pathfi n ders Terap - 


Based 00 the Ettautive 
suite of wb 0 known cont- 

mUo cs ccBUparaes wortfl 
vide. Mud be confalotf to 
hold tort in oartoers fre- 
tueni absence. 80/50 
WPM. Age 22+. • 

Meredith Scott 

17 Flea Sh Lmtom BCSY IAA 
re oi-ss3 Hwmss 

% DEVON. Sea- Spacious IteMy 
nai Sept on for a.-6£84.£is4 
pw 01 -794 0237 J Ol -674 66G0 

Holland Park WU 

Untdowac ctwtcrvaiion 
area. Sopesb temfly bouse, 
rocait l y dec or a t ed whfa 
dnea access to nstnl 
5/6 dWe beds. 3 
receps. 2 baths. BaUbaup kh. 
■Inroory no.- wine cefor. 2 
doafcs. teahouses, patio.. 
F/H. Price gaide £S8MXXL 
Tat 81 229 5900 


A vacancy has arisen for 
a treble* broker. The suc- 
cessful appftcant wM be 
agedZS+.and of a smart 

No previous experience 


ISLEOFDOas Houses and fiata 
lor sale Docklands- Properly 
Cnure 01-790 9660. 

LME HOUSE Howes and dais for 
sate. Docklands Property Ora- 
l/e. 01-790 9660. 

LOWE HOUSE Houses and ms for 
sale. P o rk lands Property Cen- 
tre 01-790 9660. 

W AWIII fl House* and flats for 
sain Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-790 956a. 

interview ring 

Alistair McGinn on: 

01-283 6827 



excellent Benefits 

Arert^ous cuy probes are waking a Ml Drowned Koootan SKtriay 

tgr an MUrostina m nned wortdoad. WP o^engnee usaUL alM 

f« raaiy suwrt) pasduns n tte Strand, Baker Stita md ihnra^od 
Central Lonkn. caa Canal. 


Bn enfleni cp p orowiy snu tar 2 Rgh atom secretary wtti fee* . 
Wparera 10 wort hi a Company Cormnutui Damment Eredr 
wrturs ta a hone and presaxtsotf onvtnnnoa and lots of dent 
(asm. WP expmna ossraaL Call Lam 

■ IB ABUT We haw a dona* tar Lege Soobchbs to 
wnvsn ■ «^,t( tar nr prastipxs uonis ttraotout 
Carnal London. Esdtent rates pbs hohday 

TEMPS nd Bank HoRRy my. 

1 . Leoa) WP Sam StartiiHd and Autie. up » 


Tim supoti Sec/ Asst jobs. It 
toveRoy tratoig wm psapk 

toms, taw stiong atam. nd 
organetaB aMw. and can stfl 
reman calm ana smdtng at the 
wd of 9» day - Bun wt 
MtM Me to hear from you. 
Ext tw. SH. tor TV vacancy, 
E8JO0 - £9500 AA£. 
PUee rang NMd or Jhtx 
at tin Agtoey. 

SS 00 pit. 

2. L|^ Aedlo/Wortand Son. op to 

For mo re na m at m Hum Pm and oPM l uM« anopQs>to please 
cal Bum n Laura on D1-W07&S 


99 Akhtyeh. London WC2S4JF. Tot 01-242 0785 flk 
| ttasaphotm af ar ottica hwn) YRP 


Hanared for FgancU DRMtar 
of tefeo Ewnoroic CoMte- . 
reoar. Satare laiumntnk 
wth neartsKs. 

4 days per wret ndgK bo 

TefephoM Reas laUm 

01 278 0414 

Pmapous Dry BaMra a 
raw torn Cannon /Lw SI 
Sue) seek a prtemswai 

eduand Seasare. to pttMde 
a nMM Aimwsnativg 

a ertnwe Artrnresrauvg 

steport to tbe Deabig area. 
Hecse team atnxsimere otfor- 
mg excoHat promoikmal 
opportunities, ideal aue 
21/3& Mrs May- Acne API 8 S. 
58 Caron 51 EM 
01-823 3883 

*W1 . ntTEMOB 

M)p(s« a good M petoMgsMi 
te rodn; jp art tad ana gtnenRy 
imka ftesaaogpjebsodwco 
(Be apDcnnay u hocoras eahgd. 
Good tec skds eeenW imm. 
sextan * pef« 

1“ 1 

4 Port SL, SV1X SB. 



hr M9* SSteMy A* yen ns iqtc 

peseai In Mlu pd S mam 

fat *9s ndudre W-P - to ted 
nronv ewret W 
niRtea cronz nss s 2 
csacca 31 9 M sate ted fen comb. 
Bntan saw »M Ut 

Tel: 01-937 3927 

— iiihimij m 

quired. £7.000 neg. reguUKM 
earning sebone. Probable let 
year Saratoga £12.000. Ring 
01-222 8872 

legal notices 

5^. TV . 

— * * WU 

smceiM. Offth Bed A Break- 
raw 619th Jutv. CT each 
ntgluiy. ucensed. cveriookmg 
beach. Silv er Mere Hotel. Eapta- 
naOe. Venmor. Ring 0903 


16 Aug. Sfps 2-e. Nr BcaCh. Fr 
caoew. 01-730 1361 after 6oot. 

Jjr pfPStoUM onT Oet 
BOwartuan home, prime -feca- 
uon^tge recent rm lux ntled 
kU.nreak rro. am laundry. 4 
beds, superb en cuite taft>, 2 nd 
• db £ ax- 9 Ci h. patio. 


NM SECRET AIMES. Lob of tem- 
porary booking* in pie Cfur 
area. P teaac mg 377 2666. 
WordPta* . The wp GpeciatM*. 



neqoired tar Lloyds HanwaflCR Brofcora . 60 wO pooniod and 
weil spokBL Satoy t£7J00 AAE ptas tinge tNoetas. 

Please send C.V. to; 

Mrs. L Membry, Fielding ft. Partners Ltd., 
No.l Pqtys St, London EC3 
Teb 01 488 1488 


mnr v«r and jum models, inc 

g^ssr» n, ssr' w 

mC l9eQ AutQ - c/locMno. ra- 
cdo ntititx OM Mrfal, * 

ggg‘ **.*». -T«S846 


TOHS are toetasg tend meune 
to hetn tn toetr snail but busy 
London office. AtelBy. 10 type 
and meat French an apygn- 
tag*: enthusiasm and ch e erful 
penongjpy «s sennit Pteaae 
phone SNOWTIME 01-630 


OYEMCU au pad Aoner 

87 Regent StroeCljandsn wi. 
Tat 439 <5634 0K fOve™*fc 
aim nunMn<d«in* 

F s5S? 2£L m **» iS7S - 

9TOQ O Dtec metonr Mi it 

»~uwr leara. stefeoTSEy SS 

etottm. £ii!ooo wSr ■ 

ToL-Ol 603 9374 eva»i> wkends. 


TEL: 01-481 1920 

01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

4 PRIVATE .. = 


TEL: 01^4814000 





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j • t ' jI* 



A guide to 
career choice 

A warm welcome from the EEC 

Not enough British graduates are apply- 
ing to join the European Commission, 
the Community** executive civil service. 
This was the message put over by 
Commimion members at meetings held 
recently . in . London, Edinburgh and 
Gudin. Since then I have discovered 
that it isn't only graduates who are slow 
to come forward, bur also ap plican ts 
with A. levels, who are eligible for 
support posts. 

“There is considerable concern at 
Cabinet level about the apparent lack of 
interest* fin the' part of. the British 
graduates to work for the European- 
Community,” said Frances Smith, a 
principal administrator within the Dirac- 
torate. -'•Genera- for' Personnel and 


As the Commission is a European 
organisation, there are. no national 
quotas, but an effort is made to ensure 
that the reserve list contains a fair spread 
of nationalities. This is sometimes 
difficulrto 'accomplish when you learn - 
that only 2.6 pear cent of the applicants 
for the last open competition for lawyers 
at A level were British. There are quotas 
for the “stages” or traineeships open to 
new graduates, which last three to five 
months. The British are allocated about 
25 places, eactr half year, but the average 
takeup is only 16 to 17. 

Why are the British seemingly so 
reluctant to work in Europe? To some .may be due to lack of 
mfonnatioh about the recruitment pro- 
cedures: In other instances, the problem 
is that for the A7 and LA 7 competitions - 

Th^re is scant information 
on EEC entry procedures 

(administrative and linguist posts) grad- - 
cates most have at least two years' work 
experience. As one careers adviser at the 
London meeting commented, “We are 
dealing with people who are applying for 
ameers positions and we are expected to 
sa& ‘'Oh,, by the way, don't forget to 
apply to the EEC after working for a year 
orscL” It is a rather odd thing to have to 
say.”-What can also be offputtmg is the 
length of the procedure. From applying 
for a' competition to getting a job can ' 
take. anythmg from IS months to two 
years. ; 

_ Jbe main competitions at A Grade are 
in general administration, law and. 
econoipic&, with occasional competi- 
tkrasfor agriculturists, agricultural ecoa-“ 
omists. -computer experts, scientists, . : 
engineers, ^nuclear inspectors, etc, In •; 
forthcoming competitions, a degree in 
any discipline will probably be accept- 
able for . entry to any competition. It will 
be possible, for instance, to enter for an 
economics competition with a degree in 
biofogy, if you feel' you can answer the' 
specialised questions. 

It may take time to get into the 
Commission, but, . once appointed, 
young entrants can find themselves 
undertaking considerable responsibility. 
Gne foiriy recent entry has become the 
Commission's expert on hops, and Chris 
Boyd^ an economist who joined only a 
few years ago, found himself involved 

There is concern over 
the lack of response from 
UK graduates to join the 
European Commission. 
Joan Llewelyn Owens 
looks at the reasons for 
this flagging enthusiasm 

with the Monetary Committee and the 
■ realignment of the franc. Chris entered at 
grade A7, after taking a PhD and 
working as a research assistant in a 
university near Brussels. 

'Since 1983 it has also been possible for 
graduates without work experience to 
enter at the AS assistant administrator 
grade. This means that new graduates 
may apply, but their degree must not be 
more than three years old at the time of 
the publication of the competition. 

in that same year, it was also decided 
to admit graduates to the competition for 
B grade '-officials, who give general 
administrative support to A grade staff 
and work on research m particular areas 
which can be used in the formation of 
policy. Hitherto, entry to competitions 
for this grade was restricted to holders of 
a minimum of two A levels, with two 
years’ work experience, who are still the 
main source of candidates. Some doubt 
was expressed at the .London meetiqg 
about the wisdom of encouraging gradu- 
ates^ join at this grade, as they might 
find themselves over-qualified and frus- 
trated. They were also warned that 
transfers from the B grades to A grade 
were the exception rather than tfae.rule. 

One of the entry requirements for any 
competition is a second .lan guage. But, 
except when recruiting interpreters and 
translators, the Commission is not 
looking for brilliant linguists^ O or A 
level French is quite adequate for the 
oral competition, and can be brushed up 

When we come to translator and 
interpreters, they need fluency in at least 
two Community languages other than 
Portuguese or Spanish. Bui it's no good 
being good at languages if you cannot 

write English well. At LA7 grade, 
translators should have some expertise 
in areas such as law. economics, science- 
technology. while recent graduates with 
out such expertise can enter at LA8, as an 
assistant translator. 

Graduates not more than 30 years old, 
without a qualification in either transla- 
tion or interpretation, may apply at LA8 
grade for the EEC’s accelerated training 
course for conference interpreters. They 
must be able to express themselves 
freely, dcariy and accurately in public 
and be well informed on current affairs, 
particularly economics and politics. 
Experienced interpreters enter their own 

These open competitions (written and 
oral) are not held on a regular basis, but. 
are advertised in (he national press and 
in the official Journal of the European 
Communities, and the specialist press 
when appropriate. The next A and B 
grade general competitions should be 
advertised before the end of the year, B 
grade probably in September-October, 
and A grades (A8 and A7/6) in 
November-December. There should also 
be an A7 competition for agricultural 

Ail British candidates who meet the 
basic requirement and are asked to take 
the written test, are generally invited to 
attend a one-day seminar in London, 
organised by the Management and 
Personnel Office of the Civil Service. 
Names of successful candidates go on to 
a reserve list. As and when posts become 

A second language is one 
stipulated requirement 

available candidates are called for a job 
interview, and can expect to receive help 
in finding out about suitable openings 
from official British sources in Brussels. 

The “stagiaires” who spend a few 
months with the Commission should not 
be confused with the assistant adminis- 
trators who join at A 8 grade. The 
“stagiaire” scheme is intended to pro- 
vide a means of finding out about the 
Commission for people who may wish to 
work for it A fair number of those who 
have completed a “stage” do get through 
the competitions later. 

More British are certainly wanted, 
whether as administrators, back-up'staff, 
or as “stagiaires”. They do as well in the 
competitions as any other nationality, 
but they Jend to be sloppy in the way in 
which they fill in the official application 
forms, or they fell to provide a 
photocopy of their degree, as requested 
It’s a pity, because otherwise excellent 
candidates may be failed on what to 
them may appear to be trivial grounds. 

★ Farther information may be obtained 
from: Recruitment Division, EEC, 200, 
Rue de la Loi, B-1049 Brussels, or from 
UK information offices at 8 Storey’s 
Gate, London SW1P 3AT; 4 Cathedral 
Road, Cardiff, CFJ 9SG; 7 AJva Street, 
Edinburgh, EH2 4PH; Windsor House. 
1/15 Bedford Street, Belfast, BT2 7EG. 




Appfcatans an? invited from good honours (1st or 
20) ) graduates In MeteJkjrgy/Materials Science or re- 
lated Physical Sciences for 3 year studentships tenable 
from 1st October, 1986 leading to the degree of PhD. 
SERC/CASE awards with industrial collaboration are 
waBabte in foe following areas: 

(i)~ The ttuchae of semiconductor 
. beterojunefions (GEC) 

(5) Structure aid simulation of 

GdTfl/GaAs eptbyers (RSRE) 

ffl .Experimental and theoretical analysis . 
of fibre reinforced composites under 
impact . (Shell) 

The ductility of stainless steel 
mU metals (BNFL) 

Fracture propagation in rircaloy (CEGB) 

Microstructore and segregation in 
, Cast PE16 alloys (UKAEA) 

SERC Quota -studentships are also available to support 
tie Mowing industrially-related projects: 

(w) Computer modelling of point defects in bc.p. 

' . maafe 

(vfi) Sotidsfication and cracking of stainless steel 
duiing . welding . 

(ix) Electron beam fifoography or a nanometre scale 
(x>- Study of composfte-metal interfaces using . 
finite-element analysis 

W Structure of irradiation damage to metals. 
Applicants interested in any of these protects should 
write , fa foe • 

Registrar, The Un iver sity, P.O. Box 147,' 
Liverpool L69 38X. Quote Ref. BV/90 2fT. 





Asking all of you to meet the Director now in 
U.K. - avaflabte for a short period. 

Please contact 

TEL: (0323) 37209, 

Monday, end Wednesday between 6 - 9 pm 
For more Information you can contact- - 
P.O. BOX (1580) PHONE* 681696 - 861788 

Which School 
for your child? 

Oar expert oousselBBe com 
every mpfrt of wfaretion. final 
preparatory to finaling 
schools, fan finance to 
edmim! prycholoesti. 

We fnmuH parents on o 
peroral hash - our advioe it 
free and objective. 

Truman & Kitigh^yl 


Wtl 3U- 7B£PH8N£ 81-727 

12*2 xaat 264Uti 

Christ Church, Oxford 
Official Studentship 
.. in Philosophy 

The college proposes, should there jbe a 
suitable candidate, to elect an Official 
Student fl.e. Tutorial Fellow) in Philos- 
ophy with effect from 1 October 1987. 
The appointment is tenable in conjunc- 
tion with a University Lecturership 
(CUFj under the Board of the Faculty, 
of uterae Humaniores. 

JF*Uther_ jMrtiCjdais should be . obtained 
from the Dean’s Secretary, Christ Church, 
Oxford, 0X1 H>P, and applications re- 
turned to .The Very Revd. the; Dean of 
Christ Church by 20 Otifober. . 


A stodentsUp is available tor 3 years from October 
1986 kx *ntk with Or. Rj\ Drewett for a PhD. on the 
use of epidmtigipgfcaf methods in psychology (espe- 
cially owfcal.ii^wbotogy). 

Afipfcams should -have or expect to get a good 

Nwiwe woyiBC ot payuu 

. angubqg sJalk am necessary. 

fo farms from Mrs. &L.Haff. Department of 
, -Uflirecat^ of Durham, Barham, DH1 3LE, 
be returned as soon as possible. 

Sommer Courses 



Group leaders to accompany groups of foreign 
students with various activities in the High 
Wycombe area. 23 +, dean driving licence. 

Pleasant and unflappable personality. 

If yon're free in JuW and think you would enjoy 
the challenge telephone 
Philip JVfufler, 

Chalfont St Gilt# (02407) 71401 




The Governors invite ajjpbcaiiou from wjaNy mailed uO 
experienced persons for tie HEADSHIP or the Otdinjn 
Holme Grammar School for Boys. The post wiO become 
vacant from tbe 1st January. 1987; tbe present Headmaster 
Mr. D. R. Ward. MA (Cantab) bavin* been appointed Rector. 
oT Hutchesons’ Grapfmar School. Glasgow, 

The School is an Independent Day School formerly Direct 
Grant and is m- rocm bers&p of the G.BA Wb D ie 
Headmaster in membership of the H ead ma sgts Conference. 
There air currently 812 Boys ra the School* 120 m \htJ<wiar 
School and 692 ra tbe Mam SdreA-anth 142 m the Soilb 
Forms. FuD details may be found in the Boys S^ool Year 
Book. For salary purposes Ore School « Group lO boiblely to 
be Group 11. pis Governors’ P w oe u onaiy AQowKr. 

Application forms and fonber deoils may be obtained fnxn 
jhrCtrk to the Governors. Hu line Grammar Schools, 
Chamber Rood. Okflram. Telephone 061-62*4441 .S 1 ? 1 . 0 * 
date for applkations is intended, initially. l»be St si July. 
1986. but having regard to the Sommer holidays may be 
extended beyond that dale. 



Applications ant frwttad from Fine Art graduates for 
ms store pest troro Suptoreber 1986. Tbe poet is 
tenable tof or&year Hib first snstenca wlh the poa- 
sibifity of extension to two years. 

Fur mer details, from' foe Headmaster, Owdte School. 
Ourdte. Petettiorwjgh PES 4EN to whom apfcations 
siHJtdd he made," • 






Cnoosa from ms most 
! range otc 

*W> Vie ivghsaj inter nslanaHy 
j aceepteo staretaio • i 
I Full unis ana Part ameiEvenuip 
-9 comineinjnu SepISrab 
Abo tutor-gwdeo 
Corresoouuanoe Courses 
Pmg, write or call lor 

r Montessori 
T Centre 

Deoi T . 1 8 Ba Merton St, 
London W1V 1TQ 01-493 OtBS 




Applications are invited for a Chair in Engineering 
from candidates with special interests related to 
some aspect of aeronautical engineering (except 
structures or solid mechanics) or in fluid mecnamcs 
appropriate to aeronautics. 

The new professor will be required to assume 
responsibility for the undergraduate Honours 
School of Aeronautical Engineering. 

The successful applicant, irrespective of special- 
isation within the areas of interest mentioned 
above, will be expected to maintain strong industrial 
links and pursue a vigorous research programme. 
This mt$tt involve, in addition to the academic staff 
in aeronautical engineering, members of staff from 
other groups in foe Department of Engineering. 
At foe present time research with aeronautical engi- 
neering is concerned mainly with aerodynamics, jet 
noise, stratified flows and medical fluid mechanics. 
There are strong research groups in fliad mechan- 
ics. hydrodynamics and thermo-fluids m foe civil, 
mechanical and nuclear engineering divisions of the 

In addition to the resources of foe Simon Engineer- 
ing Laboratories, there are good experimental 
research facilities available at foe Barton Labora- 
tory, a lew miles from the University. 

Particulars of this appointment may be obtained 
from foe Registrar. Quote reference 149/86/T. 
Applications (2 copies. 1 suitable for photocopying) 

a full details of qualifications, experience, re- 
, etc. and the names and addresses of three 
persons to whom reference may be made should be 
sent to the 

Registrar, Tbe University, Manchester M13 9 PL 
far August 1st 1886 




Applications are invited for a Char in Engineering from 
cand dates wth spectal interests related to studies in 
nuclear engineering. 

Applications from candidates with academic or appropriate 
industrial backgrounds will be welcomed. 

The new professor win be expected to lead an established 
and very active research group and to take responsitNlity 
tor the undergraduate Honours School m Nuclear Engneer- 
ing. where a large part of the teaching is common with that 
in foe Honours School of Mechanical Engmeering. 

At the present tana, research within the grot© is concerned 
with fundamental aspects of nuclear reactor operation; 
thermo-ftusds. plant simulation and control and risk 
assessment There is active involvement with most 
branches of foe raidear industry, which provides substan- 
tial financial support for foe worir being -conducted. 
Extensive use is made of the Universities' research reactor 
at Raley, which is jointly funded by foe Universities of 
Manchester and Liverpool. 

Partrci&rs of this ap p o in t me nt may be obtained 
from foe Registrar. Quote ret. lSQj/86/T. 

Applic a tions (2 c o pi es , 1 statable for photocopy- 
ing} giving tu8 detaBs of quaBUca&ons, 
experience, research, etc. and the names and 
addresses of three per so n s to whom reference 
stay be made should be sent to the Registrar, 
The University, M anc he st er Ml 3 9PL by August 
1st, 1986. 

University of London 


Tlw School or Slavonic and East -European Studies 
Invites applications for the Past of Lecturer In Hunger- 
ian front 1 October 1986 or a date to be agreed. 
The successful applicant wfu be -expected to teach pri- 
marily Hungarian literature to students for the BA 
degree and to leach and supervise Tor higher degrees. 
Assistance with the teaching at Hungarian language 
will also be required. 

The person appointed win be expected to organise 
seminars, conferences and other research protects re- 
lated to Hungarian studies- 

The appointment will be on the Lecturer scale cur- 
rently £8000 • £15700 plus £1297 London 

Candid a tes should submit a currictdum vitae, together 
with a letter of application and the names and ad- 
dresses of three persons to whom reference may be 
made, lo the deck to the Council. School of Slavonic 
and East European Studies. University of London. 
Senate House. Male! Street. LONDON WC1E 7HU 
from whom further particulars should be obtained.. 
The dosing date for receipt of applications Is 21 July 



Applications an invited for a concert had and stu- 
dio m ana ger to take up appointment as soon as 

Experience with recording and electronic equip- 
ment is essential- An anility to help with an 
acoustics course for music students would be 8 dis- 
tinct advantage. Tbe appointment wffl be for three 
years. The salary range is £8,505 - £12,780 accord- 
ing to qualifications and experience. 

Details can be obtained from Tbe Secretary, Board 
of Music, West Road Cambridge CB3 9DP, to 
wbom applications, inducting a curriculum vitae 
and the names of two referees, should be sent by 
25th July . 


The University invites app&catioQS from pmo a with 
appropriate academic or prtifeestocal qual i ficat ion s for ap- 
pointment. to a Chur of Law tenable from October tot, 
1986 or as soon as poeribie thereafter. Salary will be within 
the normal professorial range. 

Applications (suitable for photocopying! giving foil details 
of quatifkaiions and experience and tbe names and ad- 
dresses of three re fere es to the SegUtrar, The 
Universtry, Manchester M18 BPL (closing date July 
24th) Erma whom further particulars may be ob- 
tained. Quota ref. 158/86. 



Applications are invited for a 
HISTORY tenable for one year from 
1st October, 1986. The lecturer will be 
required to give lectures and tutorials 
in general British History from the late 
eighteenth century and to assist in the 
teaching of modern British Social His- 
tory. The salary will be within the 
range £8,020 to £11,275 p.a. according 
to age, experience and qualifications. 

Further particulars should be ob- 
tained from the Registrar and 
Secretary, University of Bristol, Sen- 
ate House, Bristol BS8 1TH, to whom 
applications should be sent by 18th 
July (quoting reference JC). Applica- 
tions should take the form of a letter 
stating special academic and research 
interests, include the names and ad- 
dresses of three referees and be 
accompanied by a curriculum vitae. 



Temporary Lectureship in 
Hydraulic Engineering 

Application* arm invited from men and wo m en let the pest of 
Temp ora ry Lecturer in the Deport m eat of Gvd Engine e ring for 
Hk rime yew period from 1st October, TOb 10 wtb Septem- 
ber. 1989. Hie lecturer win be responsible for teoebmg and 
prated sapcrvtBon m hydraulic en ginee ring at u n d tr i y od unt e 
and postgraduate levels, with particular emphasis an cmnputo- 
tmnal hydrouba. CaudidaTas should hove o strong interest in 
co mp etin g , and some experience i> tbe fields of co m puter, 
anted design or imgetiaa eeg murin g wo u ld be an advantage 
The lecturer would be expected to ttev t lep e tutat h pro- 
gramme m hte/ber s ya a d ht area. 

Salary idl be at on appropriate pend an the Lecturers* salary 
scale £8,020 - £ 15,700 per anaum, o cco r d e ifl to qnafifico- 

Further partic 

be obtained from rise Senior Axeie- 
Mel (F.PJ, The Un i ver s ity. 8 

K ensi n g ton Terrace. Newcastle won Tyne, ME1 7RU, wMr 
wfcom eppCcarionx (3 copies) together with the names and 
iddimi ef ttwee refere es ihonld be lodged pot later than 
18H> July. 1986. 




The Unlvertsty Court invites applications Tor the Chair 
of Ecclesiastical History wMch wiU tan vacant on the 
reUral of the Reverand Professor A_C Cheyne ott 30Ui 
September 1966- 

The Faculty of Divinity prepares students for the de- 
gree of B.D. at ordinary and honours level as well as 
for the HA and MA degrees In the Religious Studies 
Programme - In which II cooperates with several de- 
partments in other Faculties. Ecclesiastical History is 
an essential component of me Divinity degrees and. up 
to honours level, is one option on offer In RtiWots 
Studies: and there Is cooperation In ladling M all 
levels with other History Departments .within the Uni- 
versity. The Faculty Is responsible for training 
candidates for the Ministry of the ChuFCh of Scodapp: 
candidates for the Ministry of other Churches are alio 
trained and a wide variety of Denominations and of 
countries across the world Is represented In the stu- 
dent body. 

Folks paiticshrs may be oMafoed from the Seew mr y to 
(fee Luamrity. U afo ms fr y sf fdmbionh. 63 Sooth Bridge, 
Effisbsntb EHI 1LS, to whom apsltestieoslfosrteco copies. 

i east from overseas applicants) sbenW be sn l rantiid not 
fader than Iff October 198b. 



Required in January 1987, or sooner, a well- 
qualified graduate to teach English throughout 
the School up to Oxbridge level Willingness to 
contribute to the broadly based work of a board- 
ing school would be a decided advantage. 

Further details from, and applications to. 
The Headmaster, Cranldgh School, 
Cranleigh, Surrey GUO 8QQ. 


Lectureship in Computer Science 

Applications are invited tor a Lectureship in foe De- 
partment of Computer Science, tenable from 1st 
October 1986. 

Areas of particular interest are Software Engineering: 
VLSI; Al and Expert Systems and Robotics. 

The Department offers a stimulating environment for a 
person with research interests in any of these areas, 
with its background of maintaining strong links be- 
tween theory ant practice. The Department s activities 
have found recognition through research grant awards 
from a lumber or agencies, including SERC, AJvey and 

Salary on ton Lecturer scale: £8.020 - £15,700 pj. 
informal enquiries to Dr. Steve Russ (0203 523361). 
who will arrange tor candidates to be put in touch with 
appropriate academic staff. 

Application forms and further particulars from the 
Reglsfrar, Uohrerstty of Warwick. 
CovwdiY CY4 7AL (0203 523627) 

Quoting Ret Nil 50/2A/86/J 
(please mark reference number clearly on envelope). 
Closing date 22nd July 1986. 



■ of 


The Council of Glenalmond College pro- 
poses to appoint a Warden to take office 
as Head in September, 3987, on the retire- 
ment of the present Warden. It is 
intended to make the appointment in 
October, 1986. 

Glenalmond is an H.M.C. boarding school 
for boys aged 13-18, founded by WJ5. 
Gladstone in 1841, 

Details and applications forms from: 

The Secretary to the CoondL, 

Glenalmond College, 

Perthshire PHI 3RY. 

Applkations dose on 26th September, 1986. 

The Governors of 


invite applications for the post of 


which will fall vacant in 
September 1987. 
Particulars of the post may 
be obtained from: 

The Clerk to the Governors 
Ashviile College 

North Yorkshire, HG2 9JB 

Closing date for applications: 
23rd September 1986 

Bassett Hesse School 

school requires experi- 
enced Montessori teacher 
September for 4-year olds. 
Please apply with hand 
written CV to 
Basse! Hcwse Scboca 
68 Bassett Rd. 
London W1Q6JP 
01-969 8313. 



For full time French 
teaching post in in- 
dependent sixth form 
college. Preferred age 
24-28. Teaching ex- 
perience desirable. 
Ring 01 373 6270 

for appUcafiiM torn. 

Appticack.<ns are 
invited fora 
lectureship in the 
School of Law. from 
1st October, 1986. 
or by arrangement. 
Starting salary in the 
range £ 8,000 to 
£16,000. USS. 

Closing date for 


21st July. 1986. 
Further particulars 
fmm The Registrar, 
The University of 

I IJnrJersiry of 
i .Buckin g ham " 



Dw umawy propose to o- 
port a Umvwsny Lenutei a 
Agnonni Economes. «sUi a 
pnmarv interest n agricultural 
oevempRXHL Iran l January 
1987 or sooner it pomlH. The 
lecturer srio may oe nw in con- 
(Tcn» won « Research 
FeUowsm a MWfeon Cow«* 
The sapond aril De jccoiamv id 
age an m sea ttozo a 
f 16 70) per annum tor <erturet 
**» oe reouveo to nmw* a 
mmoai « me >.< 

perawuaimn &rn«i* <i f T . 
umess a prtaem a ">•*■ t-r '< 


ADOkcanons. qsn i*s>*. - 
c«cep> st me aw -v (Hi ve, 
apokcartfs. *no ixyn w-’-i —a 
one lypw com IdckVi «nir : rr* 
names d dim swmxI 

oe sen io Mr fi n F»ir*> 

Me or AgncuNwv Ewu’«J. 
LffK CttranoP Sued fo'nnt 
0 X 1 2 HP » as io amve -aw 
mu 12 Sepremoai 1966 Sepa- 
rate appuatnn « not necessary 
Iff the associated ctmege onff. 
The (»•«■« moaooortwg'iuO- 
res mO nM necessarily w unwed 
H those who apply 



ExanyewotfarMyswreB ■ 
Oraff ff xnd h'leidjffiMs. I 
flea or (ton mite to 
HBfeffnmtaefotk | 

P. Cato 

San* Off NFW66 
KQuHqk Stent SWM. 

a tumcbbT 




Decorative paint courses, 
rag rolling, marbelling. 
spongeing, dragging. 1 
day and 3 day courses in 
Greenwicti, 4 miles from 

Other courses available. 

01 692 0S61 



1. 2 sad 3 TERM COURSES 
“At i MssOowm fat ton Is 



totatome c«ri*s offer you more 
man jist rraamraneonarm skins 
ft* snva* M«*n yrqs w qran 
rawr manorial Mime, a 
renga ot cnrnmercal swts castes 
*i OkBMES anfl managaneni. and 
lanOs-on emnarex si buvness 
canpuHig and ■wd-nraewoop. 
43 Hsnuglas 
bondm. SW7 4RJ. 

Tet 01-373 7282/3/4 

Bachelor of Law 

Unrverstty of London 

Full-time Law 
Degree Courses 

Off LZSteBto Road. 

taaAed Motea «S. WffnffteRl 


WMi Caaraa? WMch Caraer? 

neat aod Mtere mufaMelo 
faetp pareots aa 
foareaUfoxIra fa xc lBB 

m A 90 GtaHttrier Price. W1 
J * 01-935 &X52 (24 fir«| 

Liwnh k> Euraoran diddnn 
autinn July ana xsobi Rh>- 
Oralial MS Trl *4n. jMinson 
04209 J540 

just Taken votat sxamst 
I am yea fid M JOB ^ need tof 

wl BS^m ECE 

OHmc aci -o r*‘l£VB 
'"Taxes and i-y 

For Pn^ecoa nritti or Uqtexs 

Hnlwsty Tutorial CoBcee 
M3 Greff Rusfefl S5roi 
- «-5S84C7fi 

nowrenottw. pmate non 
Irndluonui LnitenUy fflm 
*»'*' io ma-an w r aAite* 
Oiw 26 . enltrriy at immiw- end 
miih i uu crnsiii for Ufr uw 
r <lNT v-w Prowmu, irora 
Or« T NHIQMiinSQ,.^. 
mn-. Sutfori. COlO «EO. 

CO Miatd o aprege 34 





Qualify to Teach 

We stiff Hava a few vaeanaes on our one year Postgraduate Certificate* Education 
teaching course for the secondary age range hi the fbUowing subjects. 

ENGLISH (2nd method with Religious Education) 

HISTORY (2nd method with Religious Education) 


MODERN LANGUAGES (Frerch/German/Spanish) 

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION (with an option in English or History) 
SCIENCE (Physical Science/Biotogteal Science) 

The P.G.C.E. course is a university qualification (validated by the Umveraty ol Kent at Canterbury). 
Applicants should have an Honours degree which inducfes a substantial element of Mathematics. 
French. Religion or Science. 

Subsidiary courses are available m Computers n Education, Further Education. Guidance and 

Counselling. Special Educational Needs. TESOL 

Hesse Meohone- « write immediately. Hr further detefls to: 

Hie Admissloas Tutor (02), Christ Church College. North Holmes Road, 

SriSSTlSt CT1 W Tel (02Z7) 65548. 

University of Bradford Management Centre 

in todays tougn fob markets the nest loos go to me best 
qualified applicants. The Bradford M.B A could be your 
Dassoan: to short-term and long-term career suc cess, w e 
offer an Intensive 12 months postgraduate programme 
leading to me Degree of Master m Business Admimstradon. 
fiSRC Crams and sponsored studentships leg. WO. wool 
Foundation) may be available to exceottonai students. 

The mb A mav also tie obtained through a oart- time pro- 
gramme coav release ana evenmgi. soread over three years 
enquiries tethe Postgraduate secretary. 

umversrty of Bradford Management centre. 
Emm lane. Bradford, west Yonerure Bis 4JL 
Telephone: 10274) 42299. 

Science/Engineering Graduates— consider the 
career advantages of an INDUSTRIALLY RELEVANT I 
degree in Applied Science and Engineering! ■ 

Cnocae Irom ihese miensiue f-year MSc programmes 
PhD programmes on application. j 

• Aerospace Materials • Polymer Engineering 

• Process Plant Materials • Quality Assurance 

e Offshore Engineering • Underwater Technology 

• Molecular Eteetroracs • Welding Technology 

thrift d'-t J»*'U otr toi +•»< * "ifer Class Hor'ejr; C<"jn*e 

n , n gni‘n»»n: 0'X‘ Ok"* 1 presm-nn, •oun&non tev <1 

unam* .«*i bv riww ■> pass W'tr «riD o» eem-jawii 

f;r t .11 C*wie ■TO.-miHe" ] M -O-vn or WC"* 

Dr J p. Chubb. School o» Industrial Science. Crwhstd Institute ol 
Technology. CraetloM. Bedford MK43 QAL. Tot 0230 7501 1 1 
•W. 2529 ^ 

Name ji\ 

Address \ 

Please send me full Course Inlonroetkjn. 

School of Industrial Science 

Apptyfng V ^ 

for courses for 
September 1986? 

Have you covered ALL the options? Does 
your portfolio of applications include: 


• One Science A level entry. 

• A new (fimension in the application of 
computing to scientific activity. 

9 An interest in computing is more impor- 
tant than previous experience. 

EARLY APPLICATION Is advised for this 
important and innovative course. 
PHONE LUTON 34111 (ext 264). 

or writs to : P Keay, Dept of Science, Luton 
College of Higher Education, ParK Square, 
Luton, Beds LU2 8LE. 

Bedfordshire Education Services 




Prepare for an exciting business career in the 
hotel and catering industry at this ideal resort 
location. This course has excellent proven 
graduate opportunities and established 
national and international industrial finks. 

Your opportunity for your future 

apply direct now 

to the Academic Secretary (Ref. ST2), Dor- 
set Institute of Higher Education, 
Wallisdown Road, Poole, Dorset BH12 5BB. 
Tek (0202) SMI 11. 



School of Law 
Part-time Lecturers 

Applications are Invited for part-time 
lectureships in Law. for the academic 
session commencing September 1986. 
Candidates interested in combining- 
part-time lecturing with registration for 
a higher degree are encouraged. 
Further details and application form: 
Dr D Sugarman. School of Law, Mid- 
dlesex Polytechnic. The Burroughs. 
London NW4 4BT. 

1 New from Pitman N 

Executive secretarial hawing plus work ewetance at our B 
Wnntt«Jon Cottage. Indudes training w word and data M 

PriWwsmg and Mcretanai skills ter RSA exanvnatKWS. ®S 

tod^ngs avaiJatta. Forerospettui, pt«3se ■ 

contact ■ 

Plbarn'ca^ne. WknMMioo Tnfc 01-946 1706 H 

Prrotbf *27 1212 I 


WtabMea Tub 01-946 1706 


Secretarial. Business 
and Language Courses 

\Wird Processor Training 

Erjdish tor Overseas 

Resident & Day Students 

The RecistrortTH 
2 Arkwright Road. 
Telephone: 01 435 9 Ml 

German day intensive 
courses at Elementary- 
Si Intermediate / 
Levels starting 14th 
July and 4th August, 
3 *veks, 4 hours daily. 
Fee £69 - also courses 
in Germany. 

Goethe Institute. 
SO Princes Gate, 
London SW7. 
01-581 3344/7 


o Hers 

l-wwi iMMin Sccrriwui Can* 
]-Mn ticcotor* Sctrrtarul CMU 

{nmes SeC'miM' Unum <thI 
Ad mi Pause wre or meunme rat 

18 Dnnravon Street 
Parti Lana. Lonrtw W 1 Y 3FE 
TaL 01-629 2904 

Spanish Courses 
University Town 
of Salamanca 

Momhlv Pure! learning 
method. Prvrtevwotul 
teaching waff Altracii'c 
rales. Group or indiv kIiliI 
Phone (0345)355457. 

Teach in USA 

CSM guide for teachers 
An easy valid way from sub- 
stitute work on arrival to lull 
offers and work visa. S A £. 

J Byrne. 

12 Ranefagft Grove. 
London SW1W 8PD. 

COLLEGE i anotrt courvs Mart 
Iwirf Jan 1 April Pra&periuv 
Mr» Day. a. Wrtoerby Gdm. 
SWj oi 373 S8&3 
ITAliAN Qualified Trachrr 
indn iduai Creua Tuition m 
lour oflirr or pmniny Ol S8T 
WI3 More lO 4m 
im* pniain ImiHin m Er-jlnli 
lAiMHunr* Crnirai LaiuMn Ol 


AD cbSMlicd advenuooctiu 
can tx accepted by telephone 
(except Announcement* (. The 
deadline it 5.00pm 2 days prior 
to poblKatioa (ie 5.00pm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 
you wish IO send an advenrir- 
irwtu m writing please inctude 
your daytime phone muifoer. 
PARTMENT. If yoa have say 
queries or pmblcra idaung to 
your adverusemem once, ri has 
appeared, please owuoa our 
Customer Services Department 
by Lricphoae on 01-481 4100. 


ol lorrsqn trade. vn*ivH » mr 
t csnaiHt uiin younq pwri, 
iwrrnlrt in iMimp Hungary 
Fm dHdls. pUw wna >ir la 
Mr A J New. 4 MaKtsUxie RtwU. 

iw« Souiliqate. Nil ZTR 
inrmoitv ot Linton on Vvtwrf. 
Wrlhnhv. Varks. diHt (Srti 
Juti’ l‘43 Please nodd anv 
iridfut- or (fiends Bcelv fo 

Mid Juis MM 4U9 Send SAE. 
Ic \ tel. n Part. End St Oxford 
rnc v. or l me man's lunch See 
■rood a **,«“■ Mvuon 



19,-u. dl PdCtanertn. Indu . Gap- 
IMi, Charm John Bianriey 

Church. ls« Bn The S*kh Pern- 

moiiL Indian Army 1u Anne 

Ell mi presold afldrws Ctoh. 
Hill. Siimpfoid PexerHI Door 


HENLEY - Chauffeurs aimii in 
irndiiionai stills aiaiiahie rv 
Ihe Jai hampers il ream fed 
in at 977 7996 «rfier o C-.'Vm 
FRICNDSWP, Line or Main.we 
All w- areas. Daieime. Dept 
>016' 2S AUnadon Hoal. Lon- 
don te'3 Tel CM VM lOI 1 
BREAKAWAY. London s flub IV 

in ofrxsiQiul •jnallalcheaue-JTXe 

f>.if 200 eienix month 
f»- 24 hr info rape 997 7993 
HEART to HEART. Todas-s uav 
ol mt-Hirm Confidcniiat mlro 
dneiiom inmuqnoui it fv 

Compaiiionblup. Friendship 
M. in hen Heart ■« Heart. 52 
londim Pd. Twictennam. 
M.Wl Ol 093 2051 
WIMBLEDON dial (he score OFW 
1 5. jiMi'i ?a hr Imormalmn Ser- 

■ m- an ■awes news * re*ufis 

■ Aiip pr r mm peat nmr. 20 n per 

mm ctl PC.IH 

frt staff Of ruswmrrs AllV K» 
ration Tel 07 54 
CALIBRE CVS Lid priifesMmiaf 
riiiiKulum sliae .JocunwnLx 
Detail- Ol 5SO 2«J5n 
CALIBRE CVS Lid pr-ilr*>iorJl 

■ iiin.-uliim ula* dvuim-lits 
Cvl.ilLs 01 fS-M 55tJ3 

CAPITAL CVa pienarr hiah uualt 
is runnuluni silaes 01447 


l S uu s er 17 B'lWrcit- SI. 

Laudou te i oi -TO* cun t 


Midas- CaMiAreOnl s-t 
oWi OaSt> 21-3627 


isvh Brplt W BOX Adi 

PLACES AVAIL on prn .Me trip lo 
l hum Tihei A Nepal 
jim run Aupusl OI 72. 33,6. 
.Ml.i 7pn> 


oi •ban*, i.iup' nnrrorv boot 
i ,ii» ilr-t* & toirrau'-OI 565 
014* 3!t 2716 das n«hl 
WIMBLEDON ter quaiaulee lo 
(•■is iup orirr* lor tmlre rourl 
-.ii* Pnone Robin Rirnardson 
on Ol 856 2650 
Ilk .Km TOP prices Phmu' «''■ 
l.l sl 82 1 601*1 828 0*95 
i Topprurx paid >r rot 
l*.l I.J.IO 01 701 6£iA 
WtMBLEDQH - lop wirrs lei Cm 
in- Leiirt seal*. Riiuj Ol 836 

I aa nrn ■■*• paid COD ol eotlerl 
Ot to* 5«w*> r 06Jo 500422 
WIMBLEDON all IKhelx wauled 
mu iv resale Bcm prn paid 
01 *•» 45k. 

plus dehemuien Also Glsiide 
i xn, r ik- Besi porn Ol 2250837 
LD Centre roun ur Xo 1 Am 
Mat Ol AS9 0300 
WIMBLEDON DrSl seals boudhl 
tr l 0323 643178 V 0836 

tee i niter r Ol “50 6336 War 
uan Tnkeis. E Ilham 



Hm1.hh'* kJilm? m«>V J"'*' "Vi- 

(Ul iip'U' ii«l lnV)IiNnfo l«ir j 
Pi-iunl |4 ■«.' \cv lK*f|TH I Mt ir.Mli- 
iinHfo' Ihx lifhl in *4 liral' liMni-ur 
£ii*i*ir*gr lr»l >il MiKiiho* \ *CJT% 
UsK,"|«'i'T'«ri>»MtN t I 2 VrtJj 
ilhiiih'nuii' lUuMi 

Sherwood Press Lid. 

88. Tyluey Rond. 
London E7 OLY. 


l&gecher we oia beat it. 

Me fund over one third of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK 

Hflpusby tending.! dona- 
tion or make a legacy to 

Cancer t»\ 
Research v£, w 

2Cirhml Hi-utrleriaie 1 

i Cu p TT3D/6 j. I nnd- m JTA IY MP 




• i^VATl *3 TERM AND 1 TERM 



RECOGNISED B7 BAC (Bnlah Acendltebun Coundl) 
MEMBER OF QFE (Canlemied toe independent Further Education} 


(Perwiuliiv assessment ihroofiti handwriting analyses) has 
vacancies for the nett academic year of iu three year dipioma 
course (one 2 hour lesson pa). 

Telephone Esher (0372) 67437. 


The dam and lor the teamed man V woman ctwopwflst m nw 
private sector » mcraasihg. Most of the (raining necessary id 
qualify far a dofoma m cft»opoCy may be tawn at rwme by wry 
speoaSaed CorrespondencB i^soni ttafowed by full pwetieef 
turning. You are rwted ft* wnfe for «ta free booklet from 
The School of Surgical Chiropody 
The smaE Institute (esfobEshed ISIS) 

The New Kafl (DepL TT1J 
Baa Rosd. Mafoennaad. Berk*. SL5 4LA 
TeU (0828) 21100 (24 hn) and (0628) 32449 


IndivrduaUy planned tuition for GCE at 0 & A level. - 
One add two-year courses and ooe-term io tensive 
re-take revision. 

Write to The Principal at 3 Brwkside, Cambridge 
,CK UE, or tefcptoae 82236«33 l 




Y«i'il find rt hero w heal « 
vnm ghmi. and unique 
hire with option to puiChase 
plan front only 06 pm . 


Albans.' smwf nwi. 

OI-43B a&83 
AMinerv Putr. SE1-B 
01 854 4617 

te-oodcarfiDQ a French paftsh- 
mq denumstrafiw*’ hv two 
our own aaftsmen at our suit 
nwr 9\niuatm of J 7 th A IWh 
cvmurv replica furniture on 
Saturday am July at our 
Bnnroenwum ettowreorw- 
189 1 S3 OM CKrtnchurrh 
Road. Bournemouth. Ter. 
■02021 293580 

FINEST nuallU- wnewt rarpets Al 
trade oncm and under, afaa 
aiailabW- 1004 ecITA LaT0T 
room sue remnants under halt 
normal pnre Chancery Can**** 
OI 405 0494 


sol. enry. warranted utlallaOan 
. atari now TTL. S6 Ormrrt 
Fa. London SWlY 6LX 01 am 

THE TIMES 17BS-IW6. Other 
lilies atari Hand hound ready 
lor prrwrmalMn 
"Sundays" L 12 90 RememDer 
Whrtl 01-688 6323- 
Siariiqht Exp. Chew. L» NM. 
All Uieairv and sports. 

Tel 8216*16 823-0495 
4 Ec \M Dlhcre. 

ALL. TICKETS. teimMedon - 
boughi A Sold Top WKm MW 
Ot-Bil 1080 81 or 01-831 

BIRTHDAY DUE T Gue someone 
an orwinjl Times Newspaper 
dated ihf eery day they were 
born L 12 50 0492 31705 

u imtsiedon ncleis booqtil. sofci 
or exchanged Tefc 01-791 

Exo Chess. Les Mis All tnealre 
and sport Tel 651 3719. S57 
1715 All major rrrdil cards 
SALE Any day Court l or 
Outre Ol 439 0300. All major 
credit cams las en 
cork NiUerovABorh etcte'ebeal- 
ans Price AkS 0932 -784128 
SOLID COLD gentleman's watch 
MO' ado. BeauUlul £295 Tel 
0908 652046. 606883 
Beu seals boughi sow Ol 778 
937.5 ans lime 

WHAM. QUEEN. Wimbledon all 
nv-alrrs and all Sold Oul es Nils 
Ring Ol 701 0283 

Boughi and sold Tel 01-881 
S3J7 or Ol 791 2286 
WIMBLEDON and all Pop Events 
TH'kets bought and aoM 
01-9304277 or 01 9304698 
i m all days, also wanted Ol 
323 4360 

WIMBLEDON llrfcPF* lor sale dr 
vanled Be-4 prices paid 
OtHJi nature. Lid. Ol 839 1888 
WIMBLEDON Pair Mens Final Sts 
Ladles Final Mens Semi SWq 
CHIi-is wrtcomc 013977058 

antiques & 


rwunnes. .mimaJs. elc . want- 
ed Qt B83 0024. 



adluuabte eloof worth £80 sup- 
Ulied w,in am piano cner £800 
purrnawd during June Phone 
lire r alaiogue. 30A Highgale 
Rd. kite 5 C>1 267 7671 
and reccndi honed Qualriy al 
irawMiatole prices. 526 Brighton 
Rd S Croydon 01-660 3513 
BECHSTEINS, 2 beamirurt grands. 
Good prlre lor auvrk sale Musi- 
rians insrrumenlv. 01 -586 4981 



r-yniTI llMI wnr f- T-I— r-l *— 

9 - 7 % 


o« uounr 



Hw Veoraswamy 
announcas the JE9L50 
■wocWng-manV lunch* 
ETKW a (Werpp butoww hW» Bt 
Die wodos nm famous inoutn 
n«uuran< Founded oy ma peat 
gr a n dso n of the Mrgm o> 8 yder- 
nmd . meorsme is Ngenaary The 
mto course DuiWUnch metooes i 
oancai ana, of IndiviMiNi 
Fw mnmn nlll-731 ND 1 . 

The Veeraswamy 

99-ltT RqcN ShacL 
iMdn W1R MS. * Santat Erin 


CAMDEN SO. (OFFL Comtoiiabte 
Iannis house TntaDk eoinpped 
ana heauUluIlv fiunaned. pret- 
1v garden Stps S/6 2 retro. 
tit during roam 3 ham* 'I csr 
Millet, drworog room Avail 
20th Jiil end Aug. LZ?S pw 
negotiable Tel Ot -485 6628 

BLLSIZE PARK elegant garden 
nai sleeps 5 a. l mg recepi. 1 
ter, bedroom, kii dminc room, 
bathroom. UW pw nen inrl 
signing Irom 4 July until 0 Sep 
lenibei Irt Ol 722 3416 0 

NW1. Rrgtno- CTi-scrnt nr wo 
Stilish new 3 room rial 
Ansannone video, etec. all inc. 
t225 pw TeL 01-722 9276 

Juiv / Augrjvi 1 bedroom, large 
kNnigr small baKotiy LlOOpw 
IIH-I Tet 01 947 8360 
hdh lei now Man 2 wks 1220 
pw Tel 01-267 8139. 
Islington rum flat. 6 rooms. 
K B. CH. Phone Can Now- UU 
25 Sepl CIZS PW. 486 3271 
reniral London Irom £325 pw 
Rina Town Hse ApU 373 3435 
N FOREST Owner's home. 3 bed. 
Iu» apt July- awl pass SepL Ige 
pnv icr bbq 04254 3761 
KHigiHtM Col TN 24nr swM. 
Ilx Col linaham Apts 373 6306. 
ST JAMES *WL Luxury 2 bed 
lujly lurmstwd serviced apt nr 
park. Ol 373 6306 <TL 



> oung prol male O R lo snare 
with 2 outers C 200 non c-xc. 
Tel Ol 352 1114 

BALM AM prof m l. knrty a r In 
(Mil rial Ml mod com £170 
prm exit 673 1620 alter 4 pm 

SWA Parsom Crrai. Bedroom 
With own bathroom available 

for flirt in very comtonabte 
lamia house Close lube, buses 
and shops Rent Inrlwlve at all 
bdte except irteunone. £80 P w. 
RNs required. Tel. after 6 p.m. 
01 736 S089 

SW6 2 gtrh lo share large sunny 
room in luxury Fulham house, 
near lube £33 p w each. T«h 
Sandra 01-60? 8311 in*X 
Ol 381 W44 ihk 

SW1B ftMMMim person 28a lo 
snare luxury home Own 
Room £65pw + ' » expenses. 
Phone 738 5727 after Tpm or 

CANONBURY. NX. Beautiful Re- 
gency mixed house, own room, 
central healing. 40 R gdn £1 76 
pem plus tolls. 734 9461 

CHELSEA. 5UHle pen 126 30, 

£95 pw * IN * elixir. Tel. 351 
7230 wLendvevcsi or 847 
3511 wkdays 

cut PHAM COMMON /BantTsea 
Share Must, very large O R. 
Sfligtr C50 pw. As double £70 
pw Prol only 228 9031 

urucnni Virtonan House 16 
imnv CUV \KMfia. KSOpsv. 
ifflsh *59 9270 



Wionden: CoriMpast Ties, de- 
sign natural only E8S5 per sq yd 
* VAT Wbof nw earlier carpas 
4ra wde Hessan backed £4 J5 
per sq yd + VAT. WMe stocks 

207 HmentfBck HU 
Hamp a tea d NWS 
Tafc tit-794 0139 

Ens Wnuitt-Ejwn MMg . 

ElO oorvioruh. **** # l £ k *{2 
mod hie. wu* 

me city and BR t***^.*” 1 
let Ol 476 3000 ext 2116 


well Hiah mvo? , *?. 0 S**5Sf 

pt» i« WjfftSL 5 ™* 91 * 

313 WompWn Robo- 


24 + Own room. Qmwrawe 
z oed rut i cry Ji?*' *£? 
pweaci. Riiw: STD 4577* i36- 

SWI* Prol M L 
garden O r. £130 Km * 

3 mins. Iran 

TO51 ofrtce 543 6898 home 

■mi Ptot M-- F. jo Wnx- N.s. 
room. detMMfld njAls^ 
rile, mini K ■«« WOOD PJ* 
ewl TN 01 22S 2504 if-vtol 
SWXB F 54* n S I 0 5 W 
e h. London Bndge 25 nuns 
£140 pem o« Tel. 01-542 
0945 after Bom 

Junction Sinfllr room m shared 
man £ 30 pw. ♦ WUs phone 4t- 

ler 6pM 870 2574 


■Barnaul lube 8 mma. L«|e 
single £45 p w. CaU day 828 
36f9 rsrs 67S 7 pE 5 

arid Zi 4- lo^urrmod P “tifwl 

. wan amemner. L5G 

day 230 3322 eves 431 0460 
wk» shared aeewnmodalion 
centra) Uindon. Tel: 046- 
81359? eves. 

BATTERSEA Female for o r in 
comfortable Hat with 2 other*. 
£40 pw it* 01-7308067 
BATTERSEA Pr« M F. 55 + W 
snare home teltn 2 otoem- 
£133 pem THJJ28 9413 «4to 
CLAPHAM. Prol M f lo! Share 
with I other. O R. USD Km 
01-674 5145 Of 573 9611. 
CLERKENWELLCGl. O- r in rus 
listed Georgian toe. ESS-D*" 
hid. 01-251 3806. 

FULHAM . M- F to ahwe good nai 
with gtfu. O tt. £200 pem + 
dCf> 731 4543 after b. 
ISUKGTON Female lo ware Larqe 
mixed house £45 p.w. TM:OL 
700 4415 

NS F required 10 slwre hs* terth 

0 r Very thM to nit* -1480 
pem exclua. TelOl 354 1761 

SW». Prol F. N S. share lire 
conaoe^tyle house O' R. £120 
pem ewl 540-7988. 

SW2 S ound orM m/r-M share O'R. all amenlhrt. £170 
peni evcl 01831-7765 
SWI 7 PrM m'r It/i. o'r la 
share house £30 pw tncl TeL 
01-628-1772 eyln 28? 

SWS m f. 24*. H.k to snare wim 

1 olher. own large m £200 
pem inrl Ol 756 9352 ev«i 

WANTED. Flai FUteharo. -by 
vaumr prof Male *2£>> max £ SO 
Ph Smkr Tel 361 0858. wn 
share lux rial Own room Nr 
lube £200 pm UKf 435 1671 
WI.PnUMO R in flat Nr lubes. 
CSC nw excl. Tel. 836 2145 



Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva dailyoncon- 
venient afternoon 

And daily flights 
to Basle 

(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


BuHnWa low. CVst (NfMs 
Tho tost - m* km cm prow a 
HUM deals afore IMS . , 


D1-93T MO 
01 «Q ISIS 
01936 3444 

Emor/US* Tta 
Law tart fW 
lH'»BinBSS ft 
Gncmwni b 
flflTA IATA 


Cmt Corfu Kas SiiitoOto 
.unis, to foRrf*- H»«n» 

nw am 

»» Juw. 12J July 1149 *179 
4^78910 141 f159 1189 

HIM3.I4.U.I&I7 JtPrffW flfff 
l6l9aj21J2233»JM» flffl US 
JUBJ2S29J0JI J4y E219 1259 

bn on 

WU. Burtwon a ovu nw towns 
■rth KqMs top GOMk. Uffli ft H/C 
isuS, um ft Mi Bmciwos (24 mi 
ram own wrtnetom ftoa tow-' 


ICk Imutao II 251 54&I 
Tat MaacteHS 861 «M 5033 
TafcStaBMd #742 3311M 
ATOL 2834 


I nlH T' r 

4i lRii4 V 

' SPEEtifpING ^ 

01 486 9356 

Hy dtort 

*■0- Oct tataWo 

Ewmrano Pamsm mm. ho- 
Mb. MOL an. peewons. by 
SundmKhadbaacBre. Terms. - 

wsutiurt. BBC's ft o Bop. Sbv 

flto. Coupjos. oaa Cm. 


Utortn 7400 Doha £370 

fMM C400 \smM nw 

tun £340 MM sm 

Awn E40G mo tilt) 

ftnnaa DW KurSn £«S 

Bddto E3SQ hnm £350 

Sonr/OH E33S NVark OBO 

Cna fM Seoul E750 

Ctonbo £430 SvdflM £855 

nwrewu £270 Tokyo £570 


2 OOUUW 8TJ1KT. 1M008 VI 

M *1-439 3EZimn 

Munt etmm 

Pans BBS 
Frankfurt CSC 
Lagos asn 
farabl £325 
•toTborg tw 
Coro *205 
tMfBran E335 


N YORK £273 
UlfSF (419 

urn tags 

Sngogon W20 
Bang** 1358 
Kareanthi £440 
Rongoon £330 
COnm X4» 

sn S SAND 

» Mfow SL Liom VI i 

01-431 7100/437 0* 

■uncmM uorm 

M«NEY irownrti^^SS 

IWL a paw^KS. 

dunnfl r»W" 604 


l “S2^aaMLre- a «S£/S 

nflhw- a ®_z* co- porter ® 

aK fffiSnS* 

tawr WKBN- J-ySpafp. 

viAvrt OvfT 

or CBoC 319&46 

WE UNGEKrt-i^SSSSwmid * 

bPS&S 53 * 


r »ra wl Owner) «“n 

la™ S bedremro turn* 

?**topS«u JEieo p J-Oi 

Co 01-131 024o 

CHELSEA. LOkvty njI '. 

oooajuiBJk J“ 

to let Eforkt-mdi. Proper i> v-n 

ire. Ol-*® 


gLSsw ^ 6 B 

0l6St PWM NN* 


applionce*. Co. Lrt- 

Uirnwr 3 

bed terr hi* ar«croj. K*B-«Jp 
v ale UdlV CO ML E-^ 450W 
501 8155 tunr -41 (M6Sei«- 


■n orwwi MJ lOn. K««f tMor. 
LoriflOM. t>“ Buchatare. 

t/ueirUR, IIYDE PARK- Tivp 
moU lutunouk lo to-ato rl N« 
anb. iwk l»t 
te T. P. OI 936 V3I2 
REGENTS •■*»« 1 '*? n % 
Lnlurn 4 BQ«fe- g Oalpi 2 
Recep. cto^kroom. Lf“TO 
Room. Kii 

Lwt Civ' for 44te 499 9981. 
or Evn 870 4705 

■UK ■ 638 6000 ext 8828 idak* 
435 2969 <eiesl „ _ 

m nrow. 1 5 ?' 


W ,Wrtn.ra I Lortoonel 

rent in ""N't i?v mrSera 
bdBVSItoto- Tel. 624 9l05*vro 

504447. » 2 bed lu* «4b £200 
pte 01-240 7899 *Ti 
Dcmnt i B«d «4i. Hall. Sw- 
omrt RW. Barn Mr. Coni emenl 

poteUon tiTSpw Bonham A 
Peeves OL-938 5322 


47 Resorts hi SMbVrtMtf 
Aostrin. Ftmo & My. 

The Biggest Cheke Oe SUs! 

01 785 2200 
Match. Beps. 
0422 78121 

ABTM *m 102 


Nairobi. Jo'Burg. Cairo. Dubai. 
Istanbul. Singapore, K.L Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. Si The Americas. 
FfonlDBa T Intel. 

76 Sbaftestorj Arrow 
Lmdan wiV 7DG. 
01-439 0102 
Open Sttmnta} 10.00-UJM 





Brflton - 




angle rrtre 

2 ->taf £490 

i £?75 E3M 


£340 £360 

m ■ £250 £350 

* £220 £550 


Aim Asha Travel U4 
- m/m Bcgwi a, »i 

TEL" 01-437 S2K/B/7/8 
Late ft Gfouo Boutons WEtatm 
-- - Mtfjc WS*iWWRS . 

SKI WEST bumiter brochure out 
now pirMd with oil Uie lob re- 
sorts. Sunday ntpfiH ibcal the 
troincii. and anueunvty wm 
prwes wrung M C59.00. Ruifl 
tOIi 786 9999 fur your copy 

a vreK rdwing at «ur prtvoie 
beach hoi eL then a wet* eruto- 
iikj on our voctit for £360 inc 
lit. H B. nw w sports. I wk * 
nilrer comMiwilloro ooss. Also 
fits only Ir £99- 01 326 1006. 

minute holidays from I wk 
ci a 9 2 wks £179. manes irom 
C99 10923) 77126d(2atim 

T tiro way HaHdays. 

AQTA. ATOL 1107. 

to Europe. USA A moN deMina 
lions. Diplomat Travel. Ol 730 


• Huge Discounts. Sun world . 
Travel - 1037271 

26097.27109 27538. 

USA rr £115 Single. £210 cm. 
Hioh Seaton- Fares Major trav- 
el 01 486 9237. IATA 

Benz Travel Tel 01 5as 6414. 

CHEAP FUOrrs worldwide. 
Hay market 01-930 1366. 


L"T C. Open Sal 0753 857036. 


Ol 434 0734 Juptier Travel 


lilt. .Travel wise Abta> Aid 

SPAM. Portuvaf Cheapm* fares. 
BJoples Ol 736 8191. ATOL 

SWnzEHLAND Scheduled fUgms 
01-734 2388 ABTA ATOL 

SICILY C2S4Grai l he weu-appolni- 
M EU HOTEL to secluded Bay 
at SanfAiesMo. only 7 mites 
from Die elegant tntemaUonal 
resort of TAORMINA. Price 
tort. 7 nights, hair-board In twin 
room, return daytime Oalwtck 
nis every Tuesday from 1 July, 
boot A private beach, transfer* 
A airport tax- No hidden 09dras 
7462 ABTA.' ATOL 190T . 

o.-w £395 rtn £700. Auckland 
o. w. Or 20 rtn £786 Jo "burr* 

0 w £306 rtn £600 Los Angc- 
Ihvo w £192. rtn £383. London 
Flight Centre 01370 6552. 

New York £269. L.A £329. Ttt- 
rente £269. JTjuio £496. 
Nairobi £®m Sydney £689. 

Auv'kUuM £749. Daruir 130 
Jermyn Street. Oi 8M 7144. 
ftighto e g. Rk> £486. ' Uma 
£485 rtn. Ateo SmaD Croup 
Holiday Journeys-tefl Peru 
from £550} JLA oi 747-3108 
USA. S. America. Mkt and Fur 
EatL S Africa. Trayvata. 48 
Maraam Street, wi 01 680 
29W iVbu Accepted) 

N/VORK Miami LA. Cheapest 
/are* on major U6. sthemnra 
earner*. Abo iranntlanUr 
charter* ft flights Hi Canada. Ol 
684 7371 ABTA. • 

SUMMER bargains. Flights; an 
European destinations. Inctu- 
wte holiday* $aATorini . 

§5? u «ft!S8.gSg aw; 

UMM CKTFUCIin. Must Euro- 
pean droanautm* V Alexander 

01 402 4262TX»2^7A 

61004 ATOL I960 


Worldwide Cheapest fares 
RkMidm TrateL I n,iw gj 
fbeftmood ABTA 01-940 4073. 
YWRSIA. Perfcn benches for 
-your summer hotKUy. CaU for 
wir brornuro now. t unnun ■ 
Travel &UINU. Ol 373 4411. 
AUCAHTE, Faro, Mstega etc 
ptmond Travel ATOL 1788. 
016SL d641k Honiuni 68541 
N Z . South AfriOL 

oncasmn m/sammi hcv- 

ns. Try u, us FLifa-rr. 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
Latin Arnmca a ■ Europe air 
tare*, Tel: 01437 7S34 A&rX 
01-471 0047- 
ATOL lo40. AccvM.'VMa. 
SYD/MEL £618 Perth £B4fl AU 
mater Cartiers lo AUS. NX Ol- - 
SB4 7371. ABTA - - 
SOUTH AFRICA, jo-tnira trim • 
£466. 01 684 7371 ABTA- ' 

*. - ' 

" ' V, .. ?.r- 

. ... Ulfil 



emusc Teehey 12 berth rrewro 
motor i arid 2 lr £* 2 a Pb 
me mv Whole te-i jJJ'to’**' 
omer weeks trout U«Q Frw 
u ueartv h,b Ol 32e> IMS 
atai 2091. 

TAKE TIME OFT to Pans. Am 
Mordant. BrUateiv 
CW-iipi a Bern* Lausanne. The 
Haoue. Dubhn. Rouen Bnu- 
►9W A DieCW Time Crtf 2J 
CTr-uer dove- Loreftm. SWI A 
7B0 Ol 236 8070 




We can deans stash a tos 
wte. evro a foe ba ramie. We 
tn*e prahaWy OR finest sriechon 
m (be Mnnarami. on Cortu. 
Crete. Paws. Mpn*. Soutt o> 
France. Italy - on tW beat* or wfo 
pool M haw nwL some a cock 
Prices’ From the nwy nuenshie id 
UR auronsmgljr motJesr 



43 CatfanM Stiwrt 
Lowfoo 3W3 ZPR 
01-5*1 MSI / 81-5W 8803 

I J 58 S 0132 - 34 hr i 

brochar* sanrica) 

ABU 1 ATOtl 

LUXURY VILLAS v.uh pooh and 
Mart Mill avail south or France. 
Maroeua. Aipane. Wrai Indtej 
Conlinetital villas oi 24S9181 



MENORCA, villas. Apert menu 
Tavernas. all dairo avail June 
specials. Hiflll Season Irom 
CIM Gelhc Hoikutv-V Ol 309 
7070 A 0622 677071 or 0622 
67T076»Z4hr»t ATOL 1772 




We Mill nave a-.ailatNlily 
Ihrouolrcnil summer season te 
Hotel Allamls. a (nendly jamilv 
B B hotel on the edoe of 
Karpanok Town. >0923) 
m366t39ltrtl Tutm. ay Huh 
dd>-S ABTA ATOL 1107 

ful A fully equipped villas 1 wk 
£179 2 wks £199 ex Gatwtrk 
Rinq Pan worw Hoiidass oi 
734 2560 

GREECE. UnspoUf uunds. cheat) 
fliqnh-vuia rentals etc. Zeus hw 
■ days 01-434 1647. AIOI AllO 

RHODES Lux apt not*. July wmj 
A Sal OepL £129 pp Slrama 
0706 863814 


ISCHIA /CAPRLAD grades of Ite 
teto A character peosnxn. 
Holiday Manas 01-8364383 

A villa, a pool and a beautiful 
view, wnat mere could you 
Want? Cboote from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Raven a the loveli- 
er parts of Italy where the maw 
market ooeralon don’t go Or 
combine a villa holiday wim a 
say in Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic «T Italy. Dept T-47 Shep- 
herds Bush Oreen. Wia BPS 
Tel. Ot. 749 7449 124 hrs 



bool. Overfoofcute famous Till 
Hole Val do Lotto gwfeourse. 
Suddenly aval] io/2« July 
Sips 6/8 Please phone daytime 
01-839 1461: evenings w'ends 
01-398 0088. 

?; rsrr** 

31-221 MS 

-s irODti 

31-343 2482 

lUESif ABC* 

’■ ' ■'■• 

•- ’ ' * ■ h-.l to 

' * • ' 

. «• tafUlts 


31-426 S52fc 

‘Tw iru-MTrtn. 

T -“® **** wit *.» 

r »»h. 

towicdji*** « ^ . 


>.««« c T - ~ 

Wmmm i 

f r i 1 ;iM f i '^ n j ■ i "’jri ^ 


ALGARVE, voiat wnh Boots. The 
Villa Agency. 01-824 8474. 
ALGARVE. Villas with pools The 
Villa Agency. 01 834 8474. 


HI AMELIA. Lik villas vrttll 
Pdoh Avan June teOd Ol 409 
2838. VUIaWnrld. 


ii'"' ;u ’ 1 *' ‘>vt. 


'-.I. r. *t *«■-. 

gb paae 32 

^10 ~ — THE TIMES MONDAY JUNE 30 1986 \j\ 

RENTALS | University of Durham degrees 



'■ ^ ■>* 

The l.ytting Agent 




01-589 5481 





LarbjgA M m ag wrou i 

01- 35] 7787 



Newly decorated and 
fumtsfted garden flat com- 
prising 1 dbfe and 1 sole 
bed, reap, fufly fitted ®, 
bath. There is also a large 
private ptfio to the rear. 
Available now to compa- 
nies at £160 pw. I 

Marsh & Parsons 

01-221 3335 



Wide selection of 
properties avatfablain 
Central and South” 

01-949 2482 

r Mourns ^ 

P/H se .fa crmifM 

*uan. Manor feassed throuy*- 
«t2 tote. 

Uthen. 10 mm (a City. Aval 2- 
4 raooBts. £475 per week. 
Docfchmde Office 
01-538 4921 


httrior dedfjmd 2 bedrooms 
bifle dapbfa reeepOon wA M- 
csnr. Airman lofchen. mfa 
fantnem and sap k, m pnnagB 
tac*. /Watabie now. Lonu/stai 

B1-486 892$ - I 

ecrwrcd tfjurmoin, 

CHELSEA. Wrt sMM rattu- 
gnu - nW« Uwpotag. 

romtohni studio and I MOW 
finom £160 pw. Mia 1 month. 
Lotting Office. NcU Owynn 
Mae. Soane Ay. London 
SW3 on am 83i7 ; mct: 
9*655* NGHLDN- 

. .NtSHED Ground _ Floor nm 
new»y decorated, Lor onghi 
wonts, i owe MOm. 1 Sole 
Btdrm. ff kr. satium. Co Let. 
£17 Sow I year +. AROUND 
TOWN 229 9966. 

*W7. Lonely unfurnished not 
otMouanv gardens. i aue 
hrf. dinng mu newly mod 
Utcben and tnmna. Fined car 
p**» and cvrudm. Avail 6 man 
Oa M. £*40 gw. Regency 
House Properties; Ol 9CT7 5710. 

targe luxury r w imhed Bat. 3 
brcfe. 2 iwm. kdchen and 2 
boRMti on euKei. gas CH. Ghw. 
au vpIbkk. Long lot peer. 
ESfiOpw. TM 01-629 6102. IB 

tUmSK CARDBUS. Smart In- 
terior dmgned flat 1 double 
bed. lux au. good Mth. mm., 
Avgoattfe now 1 year +. £1*0 
pw. Go let. Geo. JaeUn; o* 361- 
0821. . 

W1S. We have a large atteevon 
of luxury lJJ i bedroom run 
»dn» moM senior. BUertor or- 
stBued and centrally located. 
Angela wraiano 01 2S8 3699. 

tovely. extremely elegant and. 
perb candL a Beds. 2 Rccpfr. 2 
Bants. Lye of Gdns. E« Wpw. 
Aylesftna & Co 3SI 23*3. 

Btotum: A H Bond; P 
S W ChnMtn: ft H 
JN DUfmen S J 

- . Johnson; M J 

1 E Plnnlngteni S A 

01-629 6604^ 


""fj™ 8 ' ftf-Pw hw °r ctoot- 

"“fc W* W 

oalfS 2 » m- 

nrasirn PrtOjr Ml ten fee 

apftwwat tw 2 m 


Super flnt Raff U ntbgl 


01-581 7646 

wi:::;u: rt *v>7**rxr 

0T-7T4 3100 . DT-3S1 7«5 


Largo how amjngau or 2 
floors in B t lm ctfra area. 
Comprising 3 double bed- 
rooms and 2 single. 3 
recaption rooms, 2 laroe 
bMMooms. Melton / bradk- 
ra»t room, c toa toooni aid 
um-i area. Gas central baat- 
ing. Doufato garage. Lags 
, w*B najrtoiiwi garden 82 
acre). £550.00 per waste kh 
fatioiig gardener. 

Tel 01-549 9569 or 
946 3535. 

p™ W» EntM 1 A ? Barf 

I acuta nn * m bow u, 

Bo*, mm M ndhroa Gmhs. 5 Bmt 
im. ta m mtaNtanW 

01 724 3160 


6sad quaity fum 2 bed IW. 
dbto reap. 6sm 7 shoacr imfil 
W + at marts. Aval now. 
£225 pw. 

For the best 


Jn prime London area*. 

RU nr tube and lyrro. witn 2 
dUe both, cue guetng. recep 
with fun length buy wihtdcnv. Idl 
w, dryer, bath. Rea porter, vid- 
eo enhance phone. CO tot £2BO 
PW. Goddard A Smfth. 01930 

bedroom rial In prfyale gardens 
unarm. BrtgM moaem h ed low- 
er around poor flat. 1 recep. If 
and B. CH. 6 mfiw Co lei. Re- 
«ency Haute Properties; Ol 937 

fWW l n LAME d ee rol 3 
Bedrid regency marionette' 
o/toohing mine gdns. 32fl 
drawing rm. all ana. Co let 
£280 P.w. 01-748 9400. 

r.WJWF ( Ma nage m e n t Ser- 
vices) Ud rrtjmre prop erties ta 
central fouhi and west London 
areas rm- waiting ammranri.oi 
221 8838. 

Btriuued l bed not m superior 
bWduig nr tabe. res porter and 
£Meo entrance phone. Go lei 
£166 pw Goddard A Smmt. 
01-930 7321. 

**■03811 sunny garden ail 
faang Frim to conserve are*. 
I«* lounge, dbie Mm. 2nd 
rod study, ski no. tan. FF hi, 
CCR A Hr ocIAely funUelwd. 
Long KL £130 Pw. S43 *7ge 

BCURAVU. SW1 Pretty enOage 
Jfvte use m bean of Brigravu. 

Rms. 3 Seas. Batnroam. 
SOPjSttwr. FF Kll. Scaudrd ou 
no. £37Snw. Coates 82B 8231. 

lax flats booses: £200 - £1000 
nw. Croat lees rea Phiilfpi 
•fty A Lewis, souu, of ute Parte. 
Chefseaomce. Ol >552 81 11 or 
ronb of the Park. Regent's 
Pan office. 01-586 9882 
Im. newly corn. I urn Ms 2 
Bed man. £tio pw. exri- 1 bed 
Bat now. nd To sum prof. 
B.S people Central LdndoD 

Ti*e it im. 01-462 H» 

hn iSOO .. . 

■J 6 * roc so Marble Arch. 
BeauuruBydec WftrnaS snm- 
®B# 'lews of Set Exct Oder. 
Lu» dbie bed. Loe retro New 
Bfted tut & bam Inc Of CHW. 

Cb let JESOO pw. D.AJ». 
01-£C2 3256 dr 01 262 6622 
let vow M o mn wtm 
jrowef Oexwaty. Doiain your 

MbTiHtne for sttpn or tong term 
™ on oor ubmu* hire service 
mug Mr Michael Narbury. 
Jaba Strand Coairacts Lid. Tel 

01 4SS 8616. ■ ■ 

tWIIll Cm. LlghL aby 2 
■" <J«iWe -fridroom— -nutsoneOc 
w«h bathroom, shower man. 
imvpfHm.' Mtcben.dmtM 
. matn.LJOO pw Co Id. Rlrihy 
& Ob; OS 884 639 L.. 

NX. Chamong wns Of! hST. Cfs 
tthe. er trots- dbte rsew, mod 
M L 2 talh. gtbL LWUfi- 

WSHED £300 PW Gmm A 
- cx oi-bS5.aej.i_ „ . 

itwimcn m m etms rw. 
2 DMe Beds 3 Dressing 
Boom. 3rd B*L Lor Recep- 
K&2B. Lin. CH. use or Gdns. 
£329pw Bum & Co. 734 7432, 


* executives urgently seek 
duality properties la a* central 
/West London areas. For aneo- 
ttoo pieam ring 01-938 3426. 

Him COTTABC, do yen have 
raceficfU taste? Wont spadom. 
wen filled 3 bed- lux appl. out- 
rL ceniraL oood far rransBan? 
For £200 pw. Tel: 01 431 1263 

Bngtu 3 pretty 2 bed apartment 
m Ullage. £150 pw. Nathan 
Wilson A CO 794 1161. 

France next lo St James' Ma- 
hon. TedOl 499 4273 daytime 
or Ol 468 7016 evenings. 

W8 H8 LEDOH SWSBl Lmt 2 bed 
p.b. iiaL All mod cons. 6 tuna 
station, garage- £«36pw Bw 
Management: Ol 940 46SB 

LUX 4 ped. 2 bath apL All 

moclM. un a Porter. £23s pw 
inc CH. HW. Pnors’i 940 4666 

HAMPSTEAD. AnMs unfnrn 3 
bed studio home Pfcng. Odn. 
£325 pw. 6B6 9842 IT). 

LONDON W2. Sdectton of I to 4 
bedims flats, snort. Long from 
£300ow. Rarvomol 491 7546 

SOUTH KENSHfCrpK. 2 bed lb* 
fully lurmrited flat. £30 osw 
London A Pins: Ol 930 0833 

NESOTUTOR -*w calibre ex- 
perienced Lritmgs Noooluiar- 
Manoger rcguired far Ktnstne 
tod firm. Own nr nnwtl. 
Salary phis commMion. Can 
Mr QurasM 244 7363. 

NtSHED mod town. Unusual 
demon. 4 beds. 2 recep. mod 1L 
2 oath. Integral age. potto 6 
got). £380 pw. Greene 3 Co. 
01-623 8611. 

Anthropology and zoology; 
Ctac 2 dhrtrion I: Pm WMoon. 
Applied physics: 

Fewer: E . . 

"miip Morrtfc M O'Hara: P Rees: S 

iffffM X2£ J p w »-- 


id&^Ss p Btrcti: p j Cross 1 
Oui 1 iM Hri Bii 3: S A Bird: B D 

KuKSit 0 H c R°t5S5£r^ Cr,mc3: J M 

law 3s J C Fcgu. 


sx-wsa^sr i 

gyg~Aggg'»a. L J “*■= 

Cjaw 7 dhSton 2: a l Burtmoe-Atterr J 

Ho,nw C J Mans,twd: 

p*M fMdri t: N J crocMera: K e 
F ew: P L Cent: S R Harlow: I a 
H offiday: M L John son: J Porter: C E 
SandMTjK-E Sisn m t uei U; M J VenUn 
SHam 2 dMnon SAC BramweU: R H 
CTOTte : S e Flood: M N Kwran* J H 
Roes; If R Taolllg 

Pass degree in Engineering 

The following candidates, who Were 
aemittmA to (SKe special muse* n 
I tending to a Pass Degree 
erilon 12 of me 
nave satisfied die 
.... _rpwnj S J M Butch: 

. C Lawrence; A R Sfcconbr. I Smuh 

Natural Scie nce s 

dan It C L M Bail; 6 M Conway: j C 
Hawkinm: G R W HowUry; if J 
Naylor: » D Nvwtop: S A RoUtera: M 

^S^a^BHrisn It S F Allan: s E 
Bwfcer. p R j Hawxes: B j Horton: r 
Hyman: R E Lean heater; C E Lovett 

i Hyman: R E Lean heater; 

-J K Linford: P A Owerec A M Raynor; 
M Ready: J P si oner; a TsangTE J O 

williams . 

dan z dhdslon 20 b Andrews; a l 
B ronie: E R B ridges : p Bunn: A j 
Caeneron. R L Carter: » W A Chanucr: 
IM Fraser. E A Freeman: R c 
Graham: R j Gregory; JEM Ham In 
Wu W.M. Harris: Ian Kucher: Mai- 


H« * Duncan R -S Gardner; Anna 
V.U. Gould. MfctuuH J-Hamllrnn: 
Susan v.c. Healop: Gregory 
M.Hopktm: Paul W Jotins: Richard l. 
Taytor-. Martin a. Whitehead: Jona- 
thon M. Wheatley. 

Ordinary degree in Natural 

roan J. Ehmabto: David ELBlnns: 
Joanna M.Crookall: ton Jerrard: Ml- 
rh&el troJOy.-ChrtM Q .Lucas: Simon 
A-Marthmn: Timothy & Nttj Stephen 

^!Sl :B SevS“^h: e tt5ffi 

H«\£°B 1 wiS2ir DI " a M W ^ S ^ 

i* with inert D. 

Final examinaiion for the De- 
gree of BA 

(* denotes distinction) 

Ancient History and 

JM* l. dhrtHo n tt a B tones, 
mss 2 dhrtston £ Sarah F Wytes. 
Bass fc A AUne; A D SMMm- 


• tubs. 2 abto bedmw. locnw 
1*4 fBSb IBB*, flbh SB CflL 

01-409 9334 

I* . Plaza Estates 

MWHW bund new (tae 
bouse ntmor ussonad id exed 

fart samtaiL 2 beds, 2 tabs n 

cuiTenuy j stkmg good quauiy 
inU atr ora moaawon a 
mini Loodon' inr wbUio 
company lenanu Ot-93T 9681 . 
FULHAM rifUMY. Restored peri- 
od bouse m charming byway. 3 
bedim*, a rrov Ul duwr. 
batnrm Gun. £170 pw. Co M. 

LYHAMS 736 5605 
■HJRUHOHAM SWS. Newly dec 
pretty not chne lube 6 Park, i 
brdrtn. in. Ul. diner, boinrm. 
Sunny garden £90 pw. 
LVWAMS: 736 5603- 
UrnjE WCHSCC W7. 2 thing 
rooms. 2 bedrooms. 2 both 
rooms, modern kit chen. 
Bcaiutfuuv loriushM- £275 
BW. TcL Ol 623 4600 nd 362- 
HOLUDD PARK DeWhlful sun- 
ny i Bed IUL views acroM 
leafy Sauare t*iBaiha.ExcKH. 
Lor Recep- Newfar Dec. 
-Long short M £300pw 
Bcwam A Peeves 93B 3622- 

I CtoM IdMrion 2: A L Burbaor-Ati err J 
M Csmy: s L Smith: J Cf TeaiL 

Botany and Geography 

wSJSri.* * E M »*- 


,^1 V PL Cox: A S Cfalg. m P 
groenhaU*: CCS Home: N P 
Hughes: N j Long; s p Miint K W 
G m Taylor: P C Taylor: P 

“S* «>?s*ari fc R a AUdnsan: a w 

JWSft J ^ c 

D Norrlngton: DM Puny: P Robson; 
P Rodman: J Shortnougn M s C 

i auaessv*^ 

f? a S s ?C : J S . c S Morton: 

SP O«fflto*d~g_ P Qcunion: j m 
R eader M P R oeoucfc; T D Rose: j if 
Snatnagr A f> SmiUL A Whitley: M M 
Whvle: E S WUlts; l ft Wootfon. 
Qom *m j Bohn: M P Baron: A 
Burton: S J Dtpnam: M T Hancocte 

p^JAwded The Harrison Sbearvr 

Compnting and Ekctronks 

0B}_ (■ D. A. Henderson: 

g^gs^l^^SS ig ew is RJ_ Bowles: 

Class II DMatea IzG.P.Raaden- 
Smith rtJJCronln: i.EJUkinucJren 

2;W. HMrtrruuui; HLA^arkT 
Class «t P.R. Lister. 


Bm t R-J-> 

T.P. Duuon; 

Marshall'. I 

Oasn Sowwon i: Sarah f CoOlns: A 
N C Hdb: J M PKUway 
. Class 3 division 2 s Aim Dumbill. 

Oriental Studies (Chinese 

Q*u 1; Wendy J Blabo, 

Nfgn a er?)CaS ? tIS^SSSSSS 

B WOTumv. 

Class 3k Caroline A M Sparrow. 


— Cjro s.2 ifivfripn fc J M Costard: A N 
K Wy.N uM* a Norihwooa. Sarah M 
A Robinson; J f Todd 
„ * S* 1 ®"" * H Blacktop: 

Kajhiyn A Btagg: J R MMhewson. 
Cbm 3E G ForesUer- Walkcr 

Pbilosophy Had Politics 
Cuss g dnrtsM* fe S cnnslle: 
Amanada j Halo well: Francine M 
Van Rooii. 

Clatt 2 dMriOd SMS PoUocK; J 

Philosophy and Psychology 
Cbm fc Elizabeth A Richards 
Com? Mwstoo l:PGC GoodrMpe. 


Ctsas 2 Adrian fc Anne Smith; L Kale 
Snowaon: O j p W anile: DRG Yaies- 

Boas 3 Georgina M Sevan: O A Cot c 
Sauy a Norun: Sarah- Anne ttuaxm. 

English Language and 

Class fc Fiona m Groan: Jessica M 
^ 2 dtoWon fc Catherine M 

^Oast 2 dMriOB b Vatene A Hughes: 
G Bwuuienon. 

Clast 2 otnrion fc Ruth B Benneti: P 
C K CUartneiUu L M Jaga: patrteto M 


„ Ctas 2 dMrion 1: VirgUua M 
Benneit: Anson L Dingle: A C 
Pirometon: M R O Smith. 

CUM 2 dMrioa fc jane E CottoriJl; 
Kaihenne M Haner: Anne £ Utley. 

„ , C G Crowder: Isabel L 


.,Ctass 2 dhrlrioo It S P Gales: R E 
Henderson, p D Murray: M J 


_... dnf: A G wad: J A Wllklnvui. 
A Ctsss 2 dhrtsMw fc M A Baker: 
Cauierlne P A BHIu Quwnnr J 
CtarlL Eiizaheth j DuHoa: Susan J 
Gear; M W c Goff: C J Hughes: D & 
Johns; Sarah Lane: P A Lode Sally 
Ann Long: Debra J L McKtr. AK 
MfKefLto: Rachel M Nolan: Jane F 
Kw D J Pook: c M Poslusxny. 

<3ms 2 dMwm fc R m Fhdchn: □ j 
Rigby: D F P Rumrrtord. Jayne C 
Scott a Shaw: N n Shod: T A SnttUi: 
p J Stolon: Rachel J Timmins: 
Phtltppa_ A Turner: P a Walker: 
Carole p While: Sarah A Withers. 

Ctas* fc S W Bumo rough: T D Rose 
The following candidate B 
mended for a Pass Degree: 


General Studies 

Honour* DMston A: Aram. Susie E J: 
parombe. Ceorgiana: Du Coy. Paul L 
J: Egon. Victoria F: Floater. Kathryn 
M: Hockley. David: Janus. Marc J; 
.•Pownev. Wendy A: PrtesUey. nm . 
beta PTWam. Jonathan p 

HdBOura phumi.B: 

&MS W1 H Sh lSvhta8 fc T 

_ _ . i f * i - m 

fc T.D.QJBetow: 

I gj Sglwfl fc" R.PLHewks 

I S-HJone* AJfrisey: D. 6-Leck; Rulh 
I Cure 

ertje - -f.HovSrd: ^S^LLTMar^u: 

S^ro£ ,t 55SSiU H L F D ■££!&-: 

N.M.Franck: M. A. Nicholas: 


The following candidate is 
recommended for a Pass De- 
gree: SJ. Michael; 

• The Russell Hoyle Prize 
t The Institution of Gvil En- 
gineers Prize 

tfThe Institution of Electrical 

«■ M 

mnono; uunnn H taarit.v Rebecca J 


Horfont Catherine M HMVMd: M R 
Jackson: Fwoa E JenMnswr. Caih- 
erlne M Johnson: Rebecca Lloyd 
Jones: Helen Mf Lucas: Jane K 
MSISES 81 Ofa 1 - 8 M8*T»»U: Tomato S 
ktttwewg: M E McLotHtuin: Rosaline 

Jane B P Bennett; P BroadhorsL 
Lmdse A Bruroon: J A Cameron: 
victoria J L Carlisle: Elizabeth L 
Dawe: N Doyle; R J Evans: Siobhan M 
riyiuvGabrtrile M Hanson SroUh: A 
O Harrison: 8 M Hotroyd: DSC 
Hughes: M N James: Mvy E Miner: 

Eireineere Prize 

ttfThe Institution of Mechani- 
cal Engineers Prize 
Engineering aad management 

-P. Booth.. 

U R.VLStaUfs. 

-J i M.E-Howroyd: 

MJ^-Macfcay: CXLPaswur. 

Waiktiuon. Joanna M Watt: Jennifer 
J K Way. i M whin hi.- pnuhwa A 
VVIngale: R A Workman. 

Oats fc D M Roberts. 

English Language and MedJre 

G e ogra phy 

C*m* B DMtloa fc Ettzabeth P. Alien: 
Taman CLBUnkhom R.AX7oirw*on: 
M. Eaton: Nicola S. Ed wants: 
R-J.C. Everett: j.C.Rkjiard: Sarah 
E-Horsley: NJLJ.HuKon-. PJonlan: 
JaJowml Katharine SJLanrtam: 
H.D- Pearce: A.C. Powell; 

R.M.RlchsiUwn: Amanda J^eei: 

ctai^^iS&iiiBa fc Caroline JM 
Babblnaton: A.D.Duncan: 

A.J.Flelding: R.ld-Hughes: Frances 
EM Kelly: C.EXOog: JJIJUoroan: 
acjhrth^L Paget: Melissa (C 
Marta c. Stanley: R.M.Tapp 
C P. waBace: j.c. Williams. 

Oaat HI: N Sutherland. 

Geography nod Geology: 

5H» 1 DMriau Is S W Kerrtott 
pm 2 Uhrtsao fc None 
Otos* * M 4 Horrocks-Tayfor 


Ctau fc J Ambler: D J Jones: *R 
Metralfe _ 

Oosi 2, DMAm UN. Brough; A F 
I Chambers: J E Cfcanman; B. M 
EntwisUe: RR Jones S J Primer: tAJ 

Ptichford: S J Pow 
Ctoss 2 , dbiln o n fc i 

fc C M Allen: K J 

Andrew: JS Archer: K Brooks: M J 
Cries: L P CromMomJW Ecclestone; 
S R Edwards: S T Firth: S A Foraan; 
LC B Glimoun J M Hedora: RM 
Ihtoerson: K D_Panen: C J Perry: M 
PowelL R N Smith: R A Warner 
Class fc J A Hoflingswonh; i E 

!• -Rie John w Most Field work Prize 
to Geology! 

IT The John W Mon new work 

Geology and Geophysics 

CrtufcR C Haddock: N C Hardy. R J 

Class t dMrion 1: C J Andrews: tA L 
Coe: RFC Johnson: TPIz Bas: j N 
Newson: a M Ptnup: J A Swinburne: 
HO U bshaq: T E West 
cross 2 dm9m fc CM CHWon 
Oms fc H MKchefl: C J Simcaac: D J 

+ The John w Mon Field work Award 


CTOst Is M Ainsworth: P J Blackmon*: 

J A Drury: R J Farr; J C H Fung: D J 
U Kelly: S Lowes: R J 
Shirley; P J Sladdln: D R 
_ ... I Waitnaley 
Mb 2 dhrtston tr S p Bede J A 
Bromhead: R M Exley: J S F rings; M 
C Gobbed: R J Lampard: M Morrell: A 
N Raid Iff er D A Rendcll: W M 
Roberts: T F Rogers; S RoseMade: M 
D Sautter: A Cl J S c h n eck: j A 
whmbCfc i J .w manson: H j wood 
Class 2 dhrtstaa fc R j Bert: p a 
dackson: E H Davies: S P Drighfon: c 
J Dodd; C J Hftchen: J W Hogarth: D 
M Irv ing: E peace: M B Rapier: i r 

■ eare: Cl C Sndih: H E Smith: 

nuih: SomN. M: J E M Udal 
P J GIBnour: K Lester: R W 

The~followtoa cauwiaie is recom- 
mended for a Pass Degree: J R Sieeto 

Mathematics and physics 
CTOs* 2 dh rtri ee fc n R Tamrtr 
The following candhtale Is recom- 
mended for a Pass Degree: I G 

Molecttlar Biology Bod 

Cton 2 dMstofl fc A P Fordham- 

Shelion: A S Oridsbor oua h: I T Platt: 

PH Raddltte: M A Stnllh 

cross 2 dhnriod fc r T Cato: J j 



Ctass fc S Banrrshy; P n Blanco: S 
Cuthben: T M fTommsd; P N 
Marriman: V J HU: T Jenklnson: S J 
MUss: H J Poner: E A Simonson; A D 
stracha n:. P . Williamson 
cross 2 itodrion fc d M Allman: M 
AIMraon: JCBoMon; JCEOeaSiJK 
Clemen »: J M cooper: P V Davies A 
P Duel: A D Emriev: N A Fisher, s G 
Clennon: T G R Jones: A N 
McDonald: S A McIntosh: I C 
parsosuon: JPeale: J H Smith: P A 
Stand ley: N O Tate: M J Watson: D J 
Wood: S R Wood: D Woolverlon 
GOSS 2 dhrtston fc P A Ashworth: A D 
Buckroyd: D M Cuffley: P J Cutmore: 

P Donucm: R E Dootutie; w T Dove; 

D A Foster: G l Could: I D S Haroec 
G A Lewto; S M Bees: C J Scott: R G 
Setter: P L Stephens: W J Wants'. K j 

, "i fc K Brin die: A H Corns:. M A 
Cresswell: K J Davies: jro Miller: B 
S S Roberto: C S Roberts: D 8 
TocnUnson: J R H Wartmntm 
The following candidates are recom- 
mended for a Pass Degree; D A 
Gifford: D GruDths: A Moran 


cross 2 d hrtsto n fc J E Barrow: M 
Sevan: A E Chrtner: D J Hodgson: J J 
Hulborh V G U drill: T C Rath; A J 

Geeve: AM Craythome: J L Green: H 
Kahn: M Procter; I B C Pur don. K F 
Rev U ! 


Class fc p M Hryane L 8 Heap: M J I 


fc A P Fordham- 
Sborounii; I T Platt: 

CTOs* fc Oriv L Brown: 

Clas> 2 OMriBn fc A J Depper: K D 
Ground: T J Maddison: Kaihertne S 
Mttriiui: Joanne M Rowlands: R 

cross 2 Ifivtitofl fc Q BUB: s Bland: J 
A Held. 

English and Latin 

Cbm 2 T iftvk*!on U Jayne M K Morgan 

English and Philosophy 

gut 1: None 

Cron 2 ohrtrioa fc D J Butcher. 

Honours in French 

Ctass fc "Samantha Qdrrd. *Marl- 
a«ne H Thompson. 

Ctass 7 dins TOa i: Linda V campion: 
Nicola T A Clements; M G Cocker; 
Ruth A S Darrah: ■Pamela E Davies: 
Katharine E Fraser Kauuyn Gun- 
ning. s W Hazlewood,- Juba E Light: 
Georgina F UKJe: B A D Mrtnioch: 
*Lln.<ey F Morrill: Alison F 
PptlKClalre Reeve: Frances M Reyn- 
olds-. j M Sailer M WBson. 

Sfa? * d Mrt o i i fc * p slj BayilsR 
Kirsten E Birkcit Christine j Black- 
more: Helen Cassidy: P Dooley: 
Shirley A Dunn: Caroline E A Flyer: 

H B Harrison: I Hewson: Theodora O 
D Hoogerhewe: Jacouettne A Howto; 
Suran K Jones: OH via j LmMtrg: J 
W B Levldc Helen E Love: ■Catherine 
A. Many n- Jones: M R McBumey: 
•Fiona A Miller; Beverly Slee: Phi- 
lippa J J Sydney: Aiyson M WUltoma. 

French and Gentian 
(•Distinction in Oral German) 
(••Distinction in Oral French) 
'CTOs* 2 DMrion fc Nicola J 
Mdymw: Anna M Brown: Julia E A 
Ds-anrms: *fP D Fenner. Katharine 
Hunt •Marta L Madam Alison K 

Oos 1 dtotston fchBchri D Umney; 

P. J Ma uifc D C.OrrEwing; ••Helen 
rariwrds: Catherine Taggart: Helen C 

cross 31 S H Conway. 

French and Russian 
(* Distinction in Oral Russian) 
(••Distinction in Oral 

cron 2 dhrfskw fc Prtorilta M 
Btakesiey; Caroune J Hope: Adeie K 
Leeyes: pjtenh J Lewis. 

Ctass 2 dMrion fc ••AlUvon J Higgs: 
Beverley J Hodson; S B Morrisey. 

French and Spanish 
(^Distinction in oral French) 

Asa 1: None _ 

. Ctass 7 dhrtrieo is "Nfcota A Htfl: D 
JHams; Anne McManus: Leslie 

<**vTOTOu fcW F C Graham: 
Georgina M Marsh: JafttueUne M 

Ctass fc Anna M Wllunt 


(•Distinction in oral exam) 

.,§55 Andrews; 

Louise A Carilon: Peneloor M 

Jones: N J Cooper: -Karen L 
Susan Hauard: D E Howie tL Juua c 
Marwood: T E Prexswood: -Joanna 
Soutowell: Caroline a Stockmann 
Ljndsqy D. Walsh: J K Woodley. 

CTOss 2 dhrtilan fc Margaret Brown: 
Elizabeth M Cooley: Karen L Dike: 

KjSi£k. T F R WeUOfli 

cron fc Julia K Sutton. 

m2^ f0 toT^tS? < rSSSJ? . 

rnmoecs for a pass Degree. H 5 J 
Adam. i 

German and Russian 

Cfasa fc None. i 

cross 2 rthrtriM is Wendy A Poole. 


land: S JM Ludceo: A F L Mower, 
is 2 dhTOTOs fcj D Robin: Sarah J 
Whon: MJ Taylor, 
a fc Rachel E TUchener 


Gross 2 1 dSItol b GUI Inn E Oxley 

Cross 2 dhihiea fc c R ’BUrwes: J P 
HEbbUts D G Howell: c»fflnr C 


Jane E Cressweii; T M Harvey: 
Roasmund J Hum: Hoary Marwick: K 
J Moryuij ^J Parnte Orta M savage: 

cross fc J w G Hasttngs. 

Oriental Studies (Egjptoiogy 
(with Coptic Studies) 

£tan 2*ts£to» fcswii E Bramidge: D 
A S Monreerrai. 

Oriental Studies (Classical 
Arabic and ' Islamic Studies) 

_ Class fc D W Morray: M V 

Oriental Studies (Modern Ar- 
abic Studies) 

WUi P: Ward. Jonathan p. _ 

s. Thrrrwc: Ctass U 

L: Cornwall CoDUigtt „ 

Philippa C: Davies. Clare M: J T caiiand. Hauroid: H a dark. St 
Giendinniiig. Kay: Parr. Rtchard J: Hiid. Breh-: W j Dryden. Hatfield. $ M 
Shaw. Avnl. East ham. Si Hiro-Bede. C E Edwards, 

cross lb Babayan. Odette A L; Barker. Van Mlldert: J C Edwards. St 
Natalia H L: Bates. Sarah A: Baxter. Cuthberfs: K A EUK Grey: D M 
Jonathan W £_ Beecbey. Jennifer A: Guest. Hauit-W: j p bued. St Aldan’s: 
Broaie. Sarah J; Cameron. AlMoft- M S Johnson, a Mary's: ART JohnsKHI. 
N: CoiLtrd. James R T: Cullen. S» Mary's: C E Jones. SI Mare's: H 
Maur een .A: Daly. Oiristopher M B: Lapwonh. si Hiid/Bedc: R s Letion. 
Edflfc. Hugo R: Green. Paul L: Si Mary's: R Long. Oolltoigwood; B P 
HondAltchael J: Jenkins. Neal C M-. Lythgoe. Trevelyan: A H McOean. Si 
Keaung. . Jonathan D: Kelgher. Aktarfs: M A Needham. CoUlngwood; 
Gtnelle. Lyttou CobbokL Peter G. DKH Nfl- CaBtogwood: H J Pharaoh. 
MkfponaM. To»y ft Marlow. Simon Trctrt yarn CF Rear . SI JohiF*?T W 
G: McAlptne. Chrlnopner W: Megson. Richardson- Bunbury. L'lth-erslly: A J 
Richard J: Ognvte. Laura R M: on. Riley. SI Hlld/Bede: k m Rots. Van 
CtiihJooh'T: paierton- Brown. Wu- MUderL P I SahnL St Mare's: A C 
Uam: Ruey. Jonathan J: Rothweu. Seagere. Haliieid: D a Shnpaon. 
KatorenL. Taylor. Anne M: Templar. University: P c Smlin. SI Mare's: p w 
WIU lamR: Tretoowan. Philippa C : c Thompson. Si Chad's; s T Waller. 

Wat t. Ovaries A. Si Aldan's; r W V Wilson. Untversfiy: 

CTOu Ut Cowie. John R L: Evans. A W Y Vu. St Mare's. 

Brian G: McBatn. Mali S. Out lit R c w Mason. CoUlngwood: 

i* Thornton Baker Prae.) D Payne. Van Mlldert. 

Honours in Anthropology Honours io Law and Politics 

Cttss II dhrtilM fc M A Barnard a 

ttwZfiRTr * e — 

Aldan's: B Deneny. SI Culhberrs: C M Economics 

S&oSr W r ,: M R Van 

^^xTj/kn ^ri^ w/B ^ r L Hononre in Modern Middle 
BfiSTKTr Su warW HaUtow. Eastern Studies (Option ID 
Honours lit Anthropology and cron t None 
Archaeology crou n dtotoion fc J H Anderson, 

cron ■ dhrtrton fc C Christine. St Com ^ wood ' 


Honours in Archaeology ***** 

M ? j ™5s3s ; h lld "Bede: PRC Htau»?Si l Jriwi;1j 

§ IggS&'KmJ&tiSSS: 

J Kline University: A T Long. SI stty: AMarGwvv tf 

Aldan's; k S Paulin. St Cuthbert's: I M padm&. aAidaiS: MCWNhJ Ǥ 
Rogers, a QM-sA H Scrimshaw. Si S LWHtens/ a XuUrts 

Chad s: E J Soubby. SI Mbqi*i; J L Ctass II dftrttkm 2: 0 CtttsJfey StChad'v 
Swtailow. St John's: P M Watson. L F Cook. St HUd/ B«te*JC Cope, si 

oZ£; a -retro, » sets Bams. s. J s. H cumS^ 

A niSfa uim ^ Universlly: S M Keating. St Mary's; J 

& A C Whittaker. J Lee*. Si Hllfllfe M A 

niu^ln^r- ur wmum McLoughttn. SI HUd/Bede: A Mulea. 

SSfw-Jft- C W worswick. SI Si HUd.Bede: J O-Relily. st 
Cutflbwt ^ HUd Bede: J a Puritan Couuwwo^! 

Honours in Economic History ftSEjy - * «**'**«*■ T a 
SrS i yiy^ M *Ryd«'. ^ynivSSiyf 1 Honours in Politics and History 

Gattn dMctonfcC J Beil. SiChamr. j . _ . _ 

Coolie. University: H J Dixon. St 

John's; D F Rathbone. Hatfbdd. Ha«l«5“' a Chat, ^ : B w ^oung. 

Hononrs in Economic History cro** u dreroton fc. M. p_ Metong. 

Hatfield: H A RusseU. HatoeM: S C 
2 »d kctmoBllCS Smith. Sl Aldan's; I R Stanihouse. 

tan N dhrtcMn 1: C M Gambling. Von University; s A Woodcock. SI 
Mlidesi: K FMeUstrom. Trevelyan: J HUd Bede. 

M RUev. HOtfleM. CTOuju Awtrion 2s d J Aberne. Van 

Honours in Economic History aSr T ^ : mfn^-irt! t>0 R S p M coo£ T a 
and Modern History 

fc M W Copovy - 81 H»«nian. Travel bran: G P A JeKrie. si 

^ £S,V A J cZgTk 

Aiaan k R G Potts. Hatfield. unii em iy. 

Honours in Economic History ° w s N 

and Sociology ^ngrotac r f navtson. Si MareX 

SKaSde****" fc c H PrK *- a Honours in Politics and 
Hanoms *3 Economics fc g r crondge. 

Sffi. fc v 1 Si, j l iSssff:’ s,AWanKKS WiKttr- L M Foo,n "' s « 

Gan H d Mrion J: N J F Andemon. 

D J Dunn.'; Hononrs in Psychology 

HI Id .Bede: M M HoddinotL UnJver- CTOU I: None. 
rily: C P Humphreys, a Chad's: N D Clan B dhrtsfon fc t J Foley, a 
tons. St ChafTs: p O Loney. Kainrtd: Aldan's: T S Uvadeaj, van Mltonl: S 
P B Matthews, si .Aldan's. R M S C Lo. TTeveiyanTs J ParitoSS. £ 
PoMierJTevrtjanLJ W E Radley. St Mare>L S E Paton. si Akron's: C 

zerriiA fc R J AtoepL St Webta^ Trevetyah " 

HUd^Betfe S AlUiKon. Si Awtun s: J J CTOW fl dhdston fc S M Aubrey COund. 
Brtoge-Sl Aldan j. S H CawdeD. Tritely an; D M Foster. SI HUd/Bede: 
University: D R Cflfl. Grey; G E H J Freer. SI Cuthbert's; S J Girting. 
Crsunan. Hatfield: A J EveraU. St Sl Aldan's: SAL Gregory- St 

J cerard^ffl MUd^aj^^N^'N TOMTTTeiriwm J To^TrevSy 1 ^ 
Hild J Bede?^iamteS>n. HOOOBTS IB Soda! Policy 

C Lavelle. Grey; ML R Mullins. Ctau n diMxni i- r Sharp, St 
Unherriiy:KRr^. St HUd/Bede: E 38*^.'™" B 

fUnrTTMn . 1 Jf^^th- grey: p, m Honours in Social and PobUc 

OMUmwood: c j v tixHTM4_ HatrlridfM AdnunistTation 
A S Till. Half! eld. I E TomUivon. cross fc None. 

P jsky Hatfield: N D A M TeMer "' 

KSXite“^M dtottom 2 : s oxt. si 

MiM^nSri B M M Ra * a Mottar: SI cuthberTs: J Dlxon-Dawson. St 
HUd.Bede. Aldan's: B L HOI. Sl Cumbers. J 

Honours m Economics and Law smith, si Mare's. 

Oaro 11 Aubtota fc M A Thomas. Grey. „ , _ , . 

cron II dhlsiofl fc R Bach. University: HoBOnrs 111 Sociology 
EHoward. Sl John "a: E R Pulford. fc , u xuiioeh Hjirtairt 

Trevelyan: V A Sluder.. Trevelyan. gg S^hfanTa: 

Himoms in Economics un) ^ 

TOIItlCS . Haigh. CoUtnowood. B P Huddleson. 

Ctass U dhrtston fc a M Han. si John's: b T Jones. St cvihbm'v A 
Crillmvi^aod. Martin. St Hlld Bede: G Oliver. Sl 

Cbu fl JNTOlon fc T D Fenner -Lettao, Mary'v J A Sheehan. Si HIM. Bede: C 
Hatfield: P J Green. Trevelyan: J J C D Spence. S> Aldan's: c Warhum. St 
Humphreys. Sl Mary's: P M Lonsdale. A.dan£ s p Zetlwr. St Cuthbert's. 
Trevelyan: R J w MUnken. Unlv er- Cross U dtotskm fc C L Bourke. St 
dty: J A Moss. St Mary's: I J Skinner. HUd Bede: J d H«rdinn, Grey; A L 
Halfleld. Klnderslev. St HUd.Bede: M J phti- 

Grow Ufc I S Genus. SI Aldan'S. Ups. Sl Cuthbert's: A A Shaw. Sl 

^TST^^ P A h iL«s: CM J n °2Lt Sociology and 
Valentine. SI Mare's: C A Wilson. Anthropology 
§& n rttotakw l: P J Barker. *rtriau fc M T Saunders. S. 

Unlversltv: C Cutfcberi-SmUh. SI ,, . - . . . , 

ac'^ p c Davfcop. MatfteM: g j h Hononrs io Sodology and Soda! 

rid. Van_ Mlldert: R P Fieri. 
d: - C R fritge. Hatfield: S R rOUCy 
. . Grey: S L Houghton. Van raw, t None 

g cross II .dtoBton fc W A Cooke. St 
2 John's; K E GUlIngS- St Cuthbert's. 

HIM ^ Bedel A ri S ™ UhrtJlOII *: J A Hayes. St 

, AD S cmntien's: R A Reid. St Cuthbert's: E 

■Mvmuwii. Sl uwri: S □ Marsh. SI i w-riDole Tr»LPhran 

Udan's: S E Mayes. St Mary'S'. S K Clw to j‘ r CafSSr' uarow 
Herce. Grey: L D Pirnle^SL Aldan's: R . .. warmer, wiaw. 

» Final Honours ExammatHm for 
a the Degree of Bachelor of 

D Van Der vdro. St EdncatiOB 
Bid /Bede. J r Wilkins. Sl Mare'K R Clou fc F c Jackson. St Hlld Bede. 

1 wnies. University; O J Wilson, st Ctass II dhtaton u C A Barden. SI 

lldan's: TOM Wilson. Trevelyan. P HUd Bede: L Dines. St Mary's: S M 
__ Connoe. Si HIM. Bede: A M V Lotoo. 

_ W Ashworth. SI SI Hlld Bede: A C Powell, 
hilhberfa. K M Bunn. University S CoUlngwood: P K Rees. SI HUM Bede, 
aiarllon. Van. Mlldert: JR Conway. J F Slobart. SI HUd. Bede: C E Talbo" 

/an Mlldert: M J Devon. St Mare^rN St HIM. Bede: E. K Wheeler. 

: Fox. croy. K C HostcrrHameM. M HIM Bede: K Y Wilkinson. 

f*. Treieb’an. E M Jwms. Sl HUd Bede . 

.. _ Bede: CJ N Jones, st HUd.- Bede: Ctass II dhrtslon fc J E Allan. Van I 

I C Jones. Sl HIM Bede: P R Lees. Milderi: J p Allen. Van MUderL J I 

inlverslty: J Mullaly. SI HIM Bede: BalK. CoJIlnewood: A C Duffy. Grey: I 

Smeetoo. ta Mary's: H R Taylor. SI I'/W I I ■ I 

Mary v M Towers, si Chad**: M S -* ■ * ” VtiJAAMiAil 
kajnem van MUdert: C J F 

Webb. Sl Mary's: D WUklnson. St -V V ~u 

Airim'v J R Winter, a Cuihberrs. ■ ■ — — ■ __ 

CTOS* m A I Brown. HatfleM: s M a a ATI I ATT 

Davis. Trevelyan: S D Pyle. Hattield. ■ ■ CII IC V 

Honours in Geography and “““ 

Anthropology R Ti , 

cro»» b now. *syji 

SRion TiSSiw Ey. L Mm ' Crw; P After the Henley RoyaJ Re- 
^n^jTtSSto^vIniSKSt:^ p tta Saturday in the 

J wormaki. st Cuthberri. town hall, only one club was a 

Honours in History cast-iron certainty to survive the 

cross fc s e Dobwn. cotunowood: d j first round of a Henley event 
^odiwwjThomnBon History pure*, next week. Among the 24 entries 
tiros* jiTtawteto n- fa c f Dyer, st in the Britannia Challenge Cup. 
. SrtT# AiSrt: d wa&fnh£ Evesham RC A were drawn 
Aam against no. less than their club- 

Miidm. E s Lefroy. st Mary's: p c mates, designated B lor Bertie or 

LTftreU. University: a B Lewis. ru - 1 tnni Korl | lu 4 
H.nlk-ld: H W Long. HalfleM. C A PCThapS 080 lUCk. 

MacKenzfe. Van Mlldert: NR _ 

Mackenzie. Coii nowood: s I hat of course, was not the 
TmSSs'A ^Storaam a c a*SK; story of the Regatta draw about 
RUre^ n c V M^SHj : & 5 SS 7 ? which there can be few if any 
c e Paui. 64 Maryi: j j Partdnson. complaints. The sdecied crews 
1 RuR^wd ‘ c Sl^^:' IU K U1 M seemed thankful, though there is 
e'fiSiSicS. R =. s I^^C a - °fi cn a sleeper or two lurking in 
p i wusoii. hmiicm: jsc the depths ready to explode 

s’^^Stoon fc s j Adams, a their talents. 

Aldan's: C K AMenon. SI 

SEir^rE SSSf^p 1 ffiStF 4 In the Grand, which opens up 

HlM.BMf: H s Brockman, umver- -next Saturrinv. the British na- 
suy: J J Buckley. Trevelyan; A J 
Burton, von Mllderu S J COooW. Sl 
Hlld Bede: M T Doe. CoUlngwood. W 
J A Gordon. University- J m 
G oriding. Grey: C Grayson. Si John's: 

A J Hamblv. Kaiflrid. M A Hark in. St 
Hlld Bede; A R Langdale. Utaverslly: 

F j Lewis. Van Mlldert: R U MarSden. 

Sl AinanlB J H Messer. Si Aidant: S 
Patched. Grey; J H Pearson- Sl 
Hlld Bede: A J Robinson. Van 
Mlldert: T Stevens. Grey: W StuPOIe. 

University: B D ToUev. CoUlngwood; 

J C Waro. St Mary's. J w Weufiigs. Sl 

cron lib c E Olivers, si Aldan’s. 

Hononrs in Law don Tyrian Club, arc selected to 

gros t s p ctakfcpoie (Maxwen Law have a bye to the final. Tyrian 
82£ I? J p Bmiiey. tiie formidable ask of 

meeting Dortmund-WitteiLtiie 
MUdert: r i Fawceu. von MUden: h f world champions from West 
j^h-sV p B e H^ P si Criww? 1 c m Germany, assuming they depose 
ih-wmson. sict'ad^Kj d j Hiictnn. Ridley College, of Canada, in 
Maxwen lbw pnw^ : «jeiyaiv n w the only first-round race in this 
ffirP j H ^SSu5. J a £,? evenL The West Germans came 
c j m spoiswood. si Aidan-s; d w close to breaking the six-minute 

cross u 

Evesham the only 
Henley certainty 

By Jim RaOton 

In the Grand, which opens up two Harvard 
-next Saturday, the British na- and the Irish 
tional eight, rowing as Nautilus, Garda Siochs 
were selected with the French good in Wes 
i national eight and separated in weekend) an< 
the draw. The British meet chased thei: 
Wisconsin University, of the compatriots 
United States, while the French Nottingham, 
test the talents of the other Unfortunate 
American university crew from yard Uni vers 
Pennsylvania. In the Stewart's, d^wn j n 
the holders. University of Lon- draw an d if tl 
don Tyrian Club, arc selected to mee , in th ^ ^ 
have a b>e to the final. Tynan indeed, will ihi 

thwan Ewan Pearson and David 
Riches, of Molesey. to attempt 
to win the Silver Goblets' for the 
third successive year. Redgrave 
is selected in the top half of the 
Diamonds' draw io meet the 
only other selection. Bjorn 
Eltang. of Denmark- The only- 
two selections in the Silver 
Goblets' are the obvious ones. 

There are. wisely, no selec- 
tions in the Queen Mother 
Challenge Cup which will be 
contested tv seven domestic 
entries and the Prince Philip 
which has attracted to Henley 
an entry from Poland for the 
first time in M years. 

The four selected crews in the 
Ladies' Challenge Plate arc ihe 
two Harvard University eight 
and the Irish Club crews of 
Garda Siochana (who looked 
good in West Germany last 
weekend) and Neptune who 
chased their Irish police 
compatriots hard at 

Unfortunately, the two Har- 
vard University crews have 
been drawn in the top half of the 
draw and. if they prosper, will 
meet in the semi-final rounds, as 
indeed, will the Irish crews. But 

have the formidable task of tfcrc is a long slog ahead and 
me ji ns u ^^^W, lW n.ihe some useful looking challenges 

evenL The West Germans came 
dose to breaking the six-minute 
barrier in East Berlin recently, 
but were just beaten twice. 

While Steve Redgrave, of 

from the United States. 

Four of the 4% places in the 
draw for the Thames Cup were 
selected and separated accord- 
ingly. They are London Rowing 
Cub. the holders. Ridley Col- 
lege, of Canada, with Molesey 
and Imperial College in the 
bottom half of the draw. This 

Marlow.- goes for a hat-trick of event is always a long, coura- 

Diamonds*. he, and Andy 
Holmes, the Olympic gold- 
medal winner, are likely to 

geous haul and it will take a very 
fit crew to hoist this pennant by 
next Sunday afternoon. 


Beams for Irish close 
captain rebel tour 
Kirk’s men loop-holes 

New Zealand 18* 

France ................ ...... 9 T*°. . ** 

voices in Irish 

Christchurch (Reuter) — New °° e ™ tio. 01 
Zealand's apparent no-hopers «8«ri*u*g the 
and novices turned into victim- »v_: e '* /,ca 
ous veterans as they tackled , *** ™! 

their way to an unexpected win ^ . 

over France, the Five Nations r‘"*V.F eU * . 
champions on Saiuiday. ,n ? “ 11,6 ®“ 10 

The AU Blacks, with an E 

average age of 23 and 1 1 players 2 

making their international de- SSSmitsti 
huts, were so stung by their -n^ 
j.r^~ 'aim lh.l Ibe, tack- JJJ 

n Fretlch lo a regretted the i 

staodstall. ers without < 

New Zealand had been deci- their onions, 
mated by the ban on 30 rebels consequently, 
who toured South Africa last jaws to clean 
month, but they raced into the (hat existed 
lead through a dropped goal plavera going 
from Cooper, a try by Brewer as individuals. 

By George Ace 

Two of the most powerful 
voices io Irish rugby have left no 
one in doubt about feelings 
regarding the recent rebel tour 
by New Zealanders to South 
Africa. The new president uf the 
Irish Rugby Football Union, Sir 
Ewart Bell, at the annual meet- 
ing of the onion, asked; “Are we 
going to allow oor game to be 
destroyed because a eoantry 
deems it necessary to offer 
inducements to players to tour 7* 

The outgoing president, Des- 
mond McKfbbin, said that he 
regretted the invitation to play- 
ers without consaltation with 
their unions. The IRFU has, 
consequently, amended then- 
laws to clear up any loop-holes 
that existed with regard to 
players going on toms overseas 

Honours in Psychology 

Crou fc None. 

Cttt* B tavtaton fc T J Foley. Si 
AMrorv.TS UvaHeas. van MJ inert: s 
sc Lo. Trevelyan: S J parMiurei. a 
Mare *i_S E Patou. St Akron**: C 
Po'H- Trevelyan: rj Thompson. Van 
MlWert: S J Vine. St CuthtjertV J M 

Ctass fl imWM fc S M Aubrey Cound. 
TrtnieUian: D M Foster. SI HIM /Bede: 

Crsuiwn. Haifteld: A J Eterali. St Si Aldan's: SAL Gregor 
Hlld 'Bede: DB Falkard. St Aldan's: R Cuthbert's: S E Hill. Sl Cuthhert 
J OerardjSt HUd.Bede; NAN Tiller. Trevelyan; J Tones. Tre\- 

Honours in Social Policy 

K G ^M M sUV’&STc tigr.-JS**""- ,s B *“ 

J Pratl- Hatfield.- S C Robinson. ” - - . . . , 

KauteW: a r Smuh. Grey: d m Honours m Social and F 

StormonL Grey; J K Stnrtton- * 

OMUngwood: C ,1 Thomas. Hatfield. M AunumStranOtt 
A S TUI. HalfleM. I E Tomlinson. cia* t t None 

H&ts ei i3P f M_p. .D iem. Hatfield: N D §5 un A M " 

MiM^SStS* B M M Ra * a Mottar; Sl cuthberrs: J CUson Oawsor 
HIM, Bette. Aldan’s: b L HOI. Sl Cuthba 

Honours m Economics and Law SnM,h - 51 Marv " 8 - 

raoro 11 AubtOta fc M A Thomas. Orcy. „ , _ , , 

cron u dMsiofl fc r Baer*, university; Honours in Sociology 
EHoward. St John's: E R Pulford. fc , u xuimeh n.„ru-irt 

Treti-etyan: V A Stodg.. Trevelyan. gg 

Htmoors in Eonomics and 

and two dropped goals by 

Although Les-carboura, the 
French fly half, equalled Ihe 
world record with three dropped 
goals for an international, set by 
Hugo Porta, of Argentina, he 
missed four easy penalty- at- 
tempts and Serge Blanco two 

SCORERS: Nero Zoobnd: Try: Brewer. 
Penalty: Cooper. Cmraraton: Cooper. 
Dropped noota: Cooper. Bcoca ®. 
FRANCE: Dropped goals: Lesctatwure 

Sw ZEALAND: G Cooper J Ktrwan, J 
Stanley, T Wnaht. A Slone; F Botica. D 
KMs (capt}. M prawer. M Broohe-Cowoen, 
G MacPtierson. A Earl, 8 Harvey. K 
Boroevich. S Rt zp at n cA. B McGrettan. 
FRANCE; S Blanco: P LagisqueL P Sofia 
Bertwtef; □ ErtuM. E Champ. F Haget J 
Condom. J Gretton. J-P Qaruet, □ 
Duttroca (capt). P-E Detrez. 

• New South Wales over- 
whelmed Argentina 30-18 as 
halfbacks. Nick Farr Jones and 
Stephen James, ran the visitors 
ragged after Hugo Porta was 
carried off with a groin injury. 

In 1981 Ireland defied govern- 
ment wishes to undertake a four- 
week torn- of South Africa, but 
now, so far as the Irish are 
concerned, Sonth Africa has 
gone a long way down the road 
towards ostracising itself from 
any future contact with Inter- 
national Rugby Board countries 
In die northern hemisphere. 

Mick Doyle continues as coa- 
ch, but Jim Donaldson and 
Willie John McBride are re- 
placed by Niall Jackson and 
John Morouey as selectors. 

• Scotland moved closer to 
other rugby-playing countries in 
approving substitutes for club 
games played in the McEwans 
National Leagues next season 
(Ian McLauchlan writes). The 
motion to have replacements in 
all games Called to achieve the 
necessary two thirds majority, 
but the motion put forward by 
West of Scotland and Edinburgh 
Academicals to cover national 
league matches was passed 


Lambs make sacrifice 

By Keith MackJin 

Second division clubs faced 
the inevitable and acted as 
sacrificial lambs to avoid the 

One suggested a promotion and 
relegation system of one up and 
three down, the other three up 

threat of a breakaway super and five dawn. 



mufl OMtaton fc T D FennerLettoo. 
HOtfleM; P J Green. Trevelyan: J J C 
Humphreys. Si Mary's; P M Lonsdale. 
Trevelyan: R J w mi token. UnKer- 
sltv: J A Moss. St Mary's: I J Skinner, 

Clou Ufc I S Genus. SI Aldan'S. 

Honours in Geography 

t»m fc N j Tate. Si Aldan's: C M- 
Valentine. SI Mary's: C A Wilson. 

Stow" U Utatalm l: P J Barker. 
University; C Cuttibert-Smito. St 
‘ an's: R C Darts®®. MaUteM: G J H 
tnpteflpld- Van Mlldert R P FteUv 
HaffteM- C R Fudge. Hatfield: S R 
Green. Grey: s L Houghton. Van 
Mlldert: T C Idle. St HlKf/Bede; B 
James. Trevetyan: S R King. St 
Aldan's: A Kuicsydd. CoUlngwood: H 
R Macdonald. St HIM Bede: ADS 
MacMUien. Si Chad's: S D Marsh. St 
Aldan's; S E Mayes. St Mary'S: S K 
Pletce. Grey: L D Piriile. Si Aldan's: R 
G Poner. Hatfield, j P Sargent. SI 
John's; C O Senior, van MUdert: 1 R 
Sims. SI Aldan's: R L C Skelding. si 
Chad's: MAE Spence. HauieM'.T M 
Till. Treietvan: A O Van Der vord. St 
HIM/Bede: J R Wilkins. Si Mary's: R 
A Wfiies. University; O J Wilson. St 
A Wan's: TOM Wilson. Trevelyan. P 
J wnoo. University. 

CMn U fthrtsMfl fc M W Ashworth. SI 
Cuihberrs. H M Bunn. University: s 
Charlton. Van Mllden: J R Conway. 
Van Mlldert: M J Dtxon. SJ Marv's-N 
c Fox. oioy. k c Ht*»r\ Hameto. m 
H ugnea. Tmeusn. E M Johns. Sl 
HIM. Bede: CJ N Jones. St Hlld.- Bette: 
H C Jones. Sl HIM Bede: P R Lees. 
University: J Mullaly. 51 HUM Bette: 
W J H Murray. Sl CuDlbert's: S D 
Robinson. Si Hlld.-Bede: D J Roeltng. 
univeniiy: J Rowtea. St Chad's: a L 

J E Hai 
McOrloor _ 
son. Hslfield 

Van Mlldert: S M 
lid Bede: J M Thomp- 
F A Willis. Trevelyan. 

Cambridge University Tripos 

Theological and Religious 
Studies,. part 1 


cmhami S and Fltrw: R L Ctore, 


O Deeley. Flnlroin park S ard cut: O 
R Dtewery. Pocktoiown S and JotuT 

>^r~»u Ft BeHosi Acad tool and 
THara. Mander Pertman 

and now: M J P axy, 

CS. Wtaiwedoo. and Ktoo^_5 
S Powell, wonemamiiton CS and 
Gdlii; J B SrourfWd. Bd 
Gwent, ana Chnsrs; p a smiai 
Sfc and chrtsi's. 

OtotdvWM 2 : c Chrtttle, fflouco- 
ter HS ana Sefw: A. p_g Cteyre. 
winchester C and pinsrs: J^T H 
Farrell. AmpKfOrth C and Mood: R E 
HutehiiKon. Maynard S, Eseter. and 
Joti: M J McLeUana. 

Manchester, and corn: PJD Miser. 
King's S. Canterbury, and Canon T N 

Milner. Reading S and Pet: J u 
Shanaya. MaKerere Unit- and 61 

S Paul's Uid TheotogKai C. Kenya, and 
law: M K R Stall ard. K Edward's 
HS. Birmingham, and Setw. K C 
g Siexens. R Hiilsh C. Taunton, and 
Selw; H L S Slntnwn. SI John's s. 
Leolherhead. and Orion: j o Wallace. 
De Asioru Market Rasen. and Cath. 

CTOn 3: R K Merrill, fte n rtetta Barnett 
and Hail Green Tech c and New H; □ 
t- wnaon. Downside and QnrtoCS. 

Theological and Religions Stud- 
ies Tripos, part IB 
Ctan f: None. 

CTOU 2 divbton i: a M MOrtarty. 
Lowland SFC. Harrow, and Emma: S 
L Nicholson. Dame AUara Boys 5 and 
JOh: A A WrtJjhl. Winchester C and 

Cross 2 ONUtoa 2s M D Baker. SC Essex 
SFC and Selw. T W P Borneo. Eton 
and On: A D Clarke. Doan dose S. 
Cheltenham, ana Gtrton: J Dam 
Cyan SFC and King's- R B Dran " 
Mary’s Boys GS. Watcto. and Tr H: t 
W LoverW^. HflUei-btny and Joh: J 
D McDonald. Si Bede-s C. Weyonal 
and Emma: M s Steed. K Edward 

S. Chelmsford, and Fltzw: 

Toegtmeyer. Oxford HS and Sett*, 

ctau 3: R F Dari. GosforthHS and 
selw; S J HUWn. Lancaaler RCS and 

Theological and Religions 
Tripos, part 2 

crow t: S E Dorherty. St Paul's GS. 
Btrmtogham. aim Rob; c D Lawrence. 
Maddaten CS. Oxford, and Cla: T P 
O'Connor. Bp UUaihorne Comp S. 
Coventry, and Trln: p j wiicox. 
Durham Unlv and Rob. 

Mereeambe HS and Jes: N M Breton. 
Ash vl llr C. Harrogate, and Flttw:P M 
Bright. Bournemouth S and Gli-ton: L. 
M Brill. Knowles HU! S. Newton 
Abbot, and Emma: B E Burbldge. 
King's S. Rochester, and Cftrui's: R C 
Crombton. Uin easier Lntv and FUZ- P 
K R Dear. UCL and Flaw: C J Draper. 
Durham Unlv and Fltzw: V A 
Eniwisno MllUleid S and Glrtoru 4 
OledhlJi. T Alleyne's HS and Selw D 
Jackwm. SlOlte SFC and Wrwit A J 

Utah. Hull .Unlv and fjbw c v 
M aybury. Macowfletd Q) HS and 
Emma: J P Miirndi. The Leys and 
Selw: M R Owen. Sl Paul's Girts s 
and Jn: G LN Radfleld. Ipswich S 

525 SL PBioo-wuuonis. 

Oxford Unlv and Sehw: c P Rat«jde. 
Durham Unlv and Sm. m J Roper. 
WotvcrhamoUn Paty and FKzw. M o 
Tanner. York Umv and Sefw: j n 
T ebbutt. Oieuenham c and Mau: T 
wane man, FokeiUiaro GS and Cm M 
L WiUniroqn. UMi c. Cardiff and 
FllrW; B AWontcffiek. K Edward SFC. 

CTOn 2 dMilen fc J D Adams. 
Warwick & i and Orton: P j Ashion. 
Oiurrhers C and Selw: M j A Barr. 
Oxford Unlv and Pemb: M T C 
Baynes. E Anflha Unlv and Ou; S A 
BeU. Manctmier Umv and fiizw: R l 
S BmlnglMi. Oundle and Down: p E 
Bradley. R Beiraal Acad lire and Tr H 
i m cammeu Stewart. La Retraiie , 
Convent S. Salisbury, and Cat tv JHS 
Denham. Eton and O; S L Dodd. Sl 
rapnm^s. Mattock, and anon: p s I 
GdddehiUL St Edmund's S. Canter- 

and Chur: C 4 Hamley. K 

, ...4» S. nrmlngham. and S»d: C 
— HelllweU. Durium unli and Fitz: M I 
R Hotchto, Noitlngnam HS and Pet A j 
M King. Notre Dane HS. Battersea 
and Fjtjt P J_ Longhorn. Exeter Unit . 
and Fin: L J Lewis, q Watson's a 
Cainbureh. and Glrton: M p c Lewis, 
Downside and Magd: O C M Ron. | 
London Unlv and SI Edm; D E “ 
Whiling. London Untv and Flaw: CII 
Wilson. Wycombe HS and Kino's: j \ 
Wood. Barnsley SFC and Selw; j S | 
gSff^Whgta" C. US- and Hughes H. 

The ffUidwing who is not a candidate ] 
for honours has satisfied the examin- 

C D Harmon. Cheslemeld S and da: 
A J Watson, winchester ana Corn- 
The Junior Stfroieftejd Prtre h 
awarded to P J Wilcox. Durham Unlv 
and r«j. 

The UffiftuoM Prise K awarded to M C 
Tanner. York Umv and 6flw. 

The Hebrew Prtice is not awarded. 

l league when the annual meeting 
of the Rugby League was held at 
Blackburn on Saturday. 

A proposal that the first 
division should be reduced from 
16 clubs to 14 was passed, 
though it was only by the 
minimum majority 

Two proposals were defeated. 


British team 
riders in 
action again 

Altfaoagh they returned from 
France only last night, all four 
members of the British team for 
next week’s world showjumping 
championships are competing at 
The Royal Show which starts 
today at Stoneleigh in Warwick- 
shire (Jenny (VlacArrbor 
writes). The four riders — Mal- 
colm Pyrah, John and Michael 
Whitaker and Nick Skelton — 
have been giving their top horses 
an ooting at the French Nations 
Cap meeting as part of their 
build-up to the championships. 

This week they will ride their 
“second string" horses, al- 
though in most cases this is of 
little comfort to their rivals. 
John Whitaker has Ryan's Son. 
winner of the King George V 
Cap at the Royal International 
last month: bis brother, Mi- 
chael, has the fast and consis- 
tent Next Court-way. Pyrah will 
be relying on Toroeriands Fire 
Fox and Skelton on Raffles 
Airborne, who had a particularly 
happy outing at Lincoln earlier 
in the month where they won the 
area international trial. 

The main show jumping event 
« Thursday's BSJA national 
championship, sponsored by Ev- 
erest Doable Glazing, In which 
Refer Richardson wiU be trying 
for a second successive win on 
Foxwood, an 1 1 -year-old former 
event horse, who was runner-up 
in the Grand Prix at the Royal 
International. « 

Other successful proposals 
also favoured the big clubs. The 
levy on attendances and 
contributions to the Cup pool 
both go down, and the share of 
the gate at the Wembley Cup 
final for the competing clubs 
goes up from 10 per cent of the 
gate to IS per ce nt. 


Gardner closes 
gap as 

Lawson slips 

The Dutch TT at Assen on 
Saturday marked the half-way 
point of the world champion- 
ships (Michael Scott writes). It 
may prove to be a watershed in 
another way, for Wayne 
Gardner’s victory and Eddie 
Lawson's failure lo finish has 
put a new complexion on the 
title chase. 

Lawson, winner of his last 
four races, had. appeared invin- 
cible. On Saturday, he held pole 
position on his Marlboro- 
Yamahah. but failed to com- 
plete the first lap, a rare mistake 
at a bend putting him off the 
bike and out of ihe race. 

With Lawson out, Gardner 
I took his Rothmans Honda to 
the front, overtaking Ron 
Haslam, the Briton, on the 
second lap. 

The Australian's victory lifted 
him to within eight points of 
Lawson in the championship 
table. Rob McElnea, Lawson's 
Bnush team-mate, was also left 
lickini his wounds. After hold- 
ing third place for most of the 
race, he hit a seagull and was 
slowed by back-markers, allow- 
ing Mwe Baldwin, ofihe United 
Maws, to pounce on the final 


s 1. W Gardner f A uk iitulli 

» 22» «£■«!: 3. M 

RsMWin (US. Yamenaj. 4527.84: 4 d 
M cEInaa (fiB. Ygmatwi 45a7«. s’ c 





Shahrastani confirms 
classic superiority 
in devastating style 

As the field tamed into the 
straight, Shahrastani was on 
the heels of Bonhomie and 
Walter Swinbnra was able to 
take a look back to see if there 
was any challenger behind 
before quickening past 
Eddery's mount. Swinbnra 
kept him up to his task and 

From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 

Sh a hracfani did all the talk- .As the field tamed into the stood down by the English 

tag in the Bodweiser Irish straight, Shahrastani was on J™" 

Derbv at the Cnrragh on the heels of Bonhomie and inn, but had been aboard the 
Saturday and when be had Walter Swinbnra was able to oJh« Stmite winner, Shareef 
bfc Derby critics take a look back to see if there Dancer Fortaewnmuig owner 
from Epsom were left was any challenger behind Ag ^ajttas repre- 

sneechless. before quickening past soiled lie ianifly s eighth 

SS^the sentiments ex- Eddery's mount. Swinbnra “ ^ 
pressed L this column on kept him up to his task and 
Saturday nwnung, his part- - 7 fT* ^ 

ner, Walter Swinburn, said Rio rare* rfpfaiU Asked afterwards about the 

afterwards: “Shahrastani did ***§ rate UKUUi » likelihood that Shahrastani 

not get the credit that was due Go * nffy ** ling wtmld occupy the stud box 

to him following his Epsom M buoweiser rush derby stakes from which Sbergar bad been 
virtorv'. There was iust too (Group I 3-yo £299 .bod im4i) spirited away four years ago, 
nm± attention giwn to the “gSSSSIjH iWt?* R tiieAga replied Unit Sint was a 
nraner-up. Dancing Brave. swrtmm (Evens iw) t decision yet to be made. 

Mv fellow has iffltproved, Bonhonae jusaj ch c t» wm ia “There are four stallion boxes 

SleHS J? big taSy fa KS jSSSBr"*! 

likelv to set even better. He Bahharoe iusai b c The Mmstrai - Oui borders of the Curragh, and at 
could have gone OB for another Royalty iKAbcuiiaiMGStarkoy 0 - 2 ) 3 the moment all are occupied.'* 

two furlongs and still have also ran: 3 Mashka* 21 There was also a measure of 

won." . §£« Kmg doubt expressed about the 

That final remark is surely Retain. 1000 osmawe. 11 rar-S. m venue for the next appearance 
the understatement of the year of Shahrastani. Michael 

because the manner in which csr tas7. 2 n*i 32-iosec. Stoute said that he had lost a 

Tree can 
run with 

: : r ; - Vip:.?..:-. -a . i' 

% . .... ... . v , \ 5 ■ T > / ■ /•' i*' Ji .’mm 

s •* /. *1.^. ■ 7 'm‘\ a,. XL* ■ 


By Mandarin 

Big race details 

Going: yielding 

(Group I 3-y« E299.BOO: 1m4fl 

SHAHRASTANI ch c teNSnalw - 
Shadomah JH H Aga Khan) 9-0 W R 
anrtwn(Eve«9tovJ 1 

Bonhonse (USA) Cfl C 

Pleasure - Chatter Box (Sr 
med) 9-0 Pat Eddery (7-1) 

» eft c by Wtvji A 
ir Box [SftdMi Monam- 

That final remark is surely 
the understatement of the year 
because the manner in which 
Shahrastani stretched his ad- 
vantage once he took the lead 
left little doubt that he ocnld 
have completed another circuit 
of the track and still have been 

As a competitive horse race 
the Irish Derby fell below the 
standard expected of it but 
still provided a superb setting 
fora tap-class thoroughbred to 
put on the style. 

with breathtaking ease he had 
opened np an eight-length 
margin by the winning post 

Bonhomie, previously suc- 
cessful in the King Edward 
VII Stakes at Ascot held on 
well to take second prize with 
Bakharoff Just beating 
Mashkour by a neck for the 
third pladng. 

For the first time since 1967, 

From start to finish only no Irish runner readied the 
three horses showed iu front first four with Mr John (fifth) 

UUCC UVI3W auiifiMi Ml mwm, iudi — *■ — - J" ' 

with Bakharoffs stablemate doing best of the locals without 
Ostensible setting a measured ever looking a potential win- 

gallop from the beginning. In 
tbs opinion of Pat Eddery the 
pace was not strong enough to 
expose any possible weakness 
in the favourite and a full five 
furlongs from home he drove 
Bonhomie past Ostensible and 
thereafter the tempo was con- 
siderably stepped up. 

There was also a measure of 
doubt expressed about the 
venue for the next appearance 
of Shahrastani. Michael 
Stoute said that he had lost a 
good deal of weight in the 
aftermath of his Epsom suc- 
cess and that he would have to 
wait until he saw how be came 
out of both the Curragh race 
and the travelling before deter- 
mining whether he would said 
him to Ascot next mouth for 
the King George VI and Queen 
Elizabeth Diamond Stakes. 

Taking a line through 
Mashkour, he has demonstra- 
bly made a lot of improvement 
In recent weeks and ft is 
certainly hard to visualise any 
of his contemporaries, apart 

■> -sASSltt' - Wrtfs* 

six years that Michael Stoute -w 
has turned out the winner of 

the premier Irish classic and 
coincidentally all three win- 
ners commenced with the let- 
ters “SH". 

Walter Swinburn had been 

The only other future classic 
pointer to emerge from this 
race centred upon the remark 
of Pat Eddery that Bonhomie 
“was more a St Leger type”. 

Sneak Preview steals the show 

Sneak Preview, heavily sup- 
ported from 11-2 to 4-1 
favourite, proved a worthy mar- 
ket leader for Saturday's New- 
castle Brown Ale 
Northumberland Plate. The six- 
year-old gelding battled home to 
win by two lengths from 
NewseUs Park. Sneak Preview 
gave Henry Candy, the 
Kingsfone Warren trainer, his 
first winner on the course. 

Simon Whitworth, the win- 
ning rider, who was having his 
first ride far Candy , pounced 

inside the final furlong from the 
weakening Newseils Park. 

Whitworth said: “I was al- 
ways sure I would win despite 
getting into a little trouble when 
it looked as though I was going 
to get boxed in.” 

Candy said: “ I have not yet 
derided where Sneak Preview 
runs next. After completing this 
treble he will have to have a rest 
for a while. “He really is a 

Clive's Brittain's Hadeer who 
ran badly in the Royal Hum 

Cup. performed much better in 
the Van Geest Criterion Stakes 
at Newmarket on Saturday. 

The four-year-old made the 
running for the South African 
rider Michael Roberts, and only 
surrendered the lead in the last 
SO yards when John Dunlop's 
Mister Wonderful came with a 
perfectly timed nut under Tony 

Mister Wonderful beat Nino 
Bibbia by one and a half lengths 
with the 5-2 favourite Brave 
Owen third. 

When Pal Eddery partnered 
Jeremy Tree's newcomer / ' 
to a fluent victory at Lin_ __ 
.Park on Friday it was the 
Beckham pton trainer's tenth 
winner from his last 12 runners. 

With his stable in such 
outstanding form, it should pay 
to follow Tree at Windsor's 
evening meeting where he has 
high hopes of another success 
with his course and distance 
Esdale in the Knightsbridge 

Esdale started his three-year- 
old career with a promising 
second to the subsequent Derby 
fifth, Nisnas, at Kempt on before 
fading to finish seventh behind 
Allez Milord at Newmarket at 
the beginning of May. 

At the Lime that performance 
must have disappointed his 
connections, but it transpired 
that this talented half-brother to 
Escaline had been badly affected 
by a vims, prevalent in Tree's 

Esdale soon pot matters right 
in his next race, at the Berkshire 
course, where he comfortably 
beat Nilambar by two lengths 
and the Fabulous Dancer coll is 
napped to continue his winning 
ways at the expense of another 
recent scorer Temple Walk. 

Tree also saddles his two- 
year-old Ajanac for the Derry's 
Bacon Stakes. This fellow 
showed plenty of speed on his 
first public appearance when 
seventh of 16 behind Domino 
Fire at Goodwood earlier this 
month, but preference is for 
Locianaicx, who is dropped 
considerably in class after 
finishing a respectable fifth be- 
hind Carol's Treasure in the 
Windsor Castle Stakes at Royal 

Pat Eddery, riding at the peak 
of bis form just now, looks 
booked for two more winners 
with the promising Sandown 
Park runner-up Sauce Diable in 
the E.B.F.Mart>fe Arch Maiden 
Stakes and Neville Callaghan's 
consistent Chummy's Pet in the 
Jack Barclay Handicap. 

Lord Porchestefs filly Sauce 
Diable looks a safer proposition 
than the Henry Cecil repre- 
sentative. Misk, who was an 
expensive failure on his debut at 

Ben Hanbury’s Weshauun, 
who gallantly chased home the 
much-improved Moon Mad- 
ness at Royal Ascot, should be 
rewarded in the Derry Pro- 
visions Handicap, although his 
main rival. Coinage, registered a 
20-length victory at Beverley 
last time out. 

t-Zrtv.V**' V T 

•» \ r V **,/.•- 

.. . _ v£* . 

,*- v - * , * . y.J ■; x*. 

AV **v ‘ ' .H n v ' . t -r* \ , 

o, ' ' ■ 

fcS^v.,V vo-uv • 

. / >- 

i . 1 'fl« : 

Chummy's Put, one of Pat Eddery’s fancied mounts at Windsor. 

Eddery also has some attrac- 
tive mounts at Nottingham 
during the afternoon and one 
that particularly catches the eye 
is James Toller’s Batdeaxe in 
the Ginger Tom Maiden Auc- 
tion Stakes. After finishing a 
dose third behind Singing Ste- 
ven at Bath, this Kampala colt 
was beaten iust over four lengths 
by Carol's Treasure when fourth 
in the Windsor Castle Stakes, 
and today's modest event surely . 
looks within his compass. 

Michael Stoute, fresh from bis 
Irish Derby success with 
Shahrastani, should be on the 
mark in the EB.F Daybrook 
Stakes with Lord Collins, who 
shaped nicely behind the odds- 
on Midyan at Yarmouth 

Potykratis, after his excellent 
show against Last Tycoon in the 
King-'s Stand Stakes at the royal 

meeting, can land the Home 
Ales Gold Tankard Handicap, 
while Paul Cole's youngster 
Rattier Homely is fancied to step 
up on her Ascot third in the 

Starting Gate Maiden Stakes. 
Finally, at Edinburgh John 

Winter's Princely Estate, after 
three consecutive seconds, 
including a good effort behind 
the smart Fleeting Affair at 
Brighton, can gain an overdue 
success, in the Bass Rock 
Maiden Stakes. 

Swinburn scores on Swink 

Walter Swinburn, fresh from 
his triumph 24 hours earlier on 
Shahrastani in the Budweiser 
Irish Derby, completed a great 
weekend by winning the Grand 
prix de Paris at Longchamp 
yesterday on Swink, who is 
trained- by the French-based 
Englishman, Jonathan Pease, 
(Our French Racing Correspon- 
dent writes). 

Swink had never previously 
won a race but he stayed on 
most gallantly after taking a 
narrow lead off the John Dun- 

lop-trained War Hero (Tony 
Ives) 300 yards out There was 
just a short head in it at the line 
with the fast finishing Silver 
Word a short neck away in third. 

BaiTIamont just got the better 
of FitnahTn a good finish to the 
‘ Prurcrispahan. 

Tommy Way (Brent Thom- 
son) turned the group two Quick 
Hansa Prcis at Hamburg into a 

Hansa Prcis at Hambuig into a 
procession yesterday. He made 
all the running to score by 6 V 2 
lengths from Konigstraum. 


3304 AFHABELAfA Wra 
0040 GET SET USA (W 

HI Britain 8-4 

nert C Trider M . 

Going: firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, high numbers best 


3302 FALDWYN(J< 

— K Darter G 

RUnes (3)5 
. L Jonas (S) 2 
_ J VMsnsS 

- KCbM»4 


1 m 2 f) (16 

9-4Ky««naie. 11-4 Bantesxn. S-t Ror» Crotter. 6-1 Afrabria. 8-1 FourwalK 10-t 
Asya L4-J otfwrs. 

1 MI-400 ATROISTOS(Capt M Lanws) C Brittain S7 — 

4 04-41 LYAPKW-TYAPWN (Mra J wrw) J Wlntw 9-7 — 

5 StMS 5URWJSECAU.©B«h«tonJM«E»s*a»tv9-7 

9 0000-02 CAPRICORN BUIE (B)(P Asquith) Jmnny Rtzgnaid 90 

12 044-000 MTNBt(ADflLGuiccACNWnanis94 

16 0000-01 TAXI MAN (Mrs O Stem) M Jonas 9-1 

IT 000 CMBWYLUSTRE(B)(Lort GfawtflJW Watts 6-1 Z 

“ 0-004 GREAT TOPIC (0) (A Andargonl G RrftCtum^Gordon 6-tZ. 

00 WHWOOD (J Honeywootfl M TOTptans B-12 

00000 EAS1BW PLAYER (M Prktani) D La*qg 6-7 

17 000 
20 0-004 
24 00 
29 000000 

30 000-010 FIC VIC (V Soane) BSttvans 6-7... 

31 M NasONSUPERYAMCEElA PAir) PHastem 8-7 

34 00 MAHABADfM Qashani) N Vigors 6-6 

37 000004) LAST JEWEL (Mrs D Canraffn) C Spams 8-4 

38 00 RAJ KUMARI (V MvanO R Simpson 84 

39 20-0100 TAKE A BREAK (I McGroady) D Latag 8-4 

6-4 Lyapton-7>apWn. 3-1 Airontos. 4-1 Milner. 5-1 Surprise Cafl, 

am) D Lateg 57 — 

s 8-7 Z 

pasr) PHastem 8-7_ 

00 MAHABADM Qashani) N Vigors 8^ 

M LAST JEWEL {Mf$DCanrsttio)C Spates 8-4., 





PMEddan is 

R Ml 4 


WRyan Tt 

. RCoeteanelS 
_ C Rotter (5) 3 

N Day 3 

- TWHtenalG 


A Prowl 12 

«. S Dawson 14 

10-1 otters. 

FORM: BATTLEAXE <8-11)4111 beaten 5ltoCarors Treasure (9-4) 10 ran- AsootSfsOa 
flrrn June 20. KYvraDM£«-a2nd baaun XI to Ben Ladi (7-10) 12 ran. Redcar Sf siks 
firm June 21. RAnrtRS COUNTY (8-11) 5th beaten 11 HI to My Imagination (6-8) 7 rsa 

. jeaten11»l to My Imagination (8-8) 7 ran. 

Ripon 5f sihs soft Apr 26. FOURWALK (90) 2nd beaten 61 to Garnw fte P-0) 9 ran. 
Catterick 51 rite firm Jwie 7. ROYAL CROFTER (M) 3rd beaten 3Mo Ongoing Stanton 
(9-0) 9 ran. TMrek 51 arks firm June 17. SNO SuRPHIS (85) 11 th beaten over 151 to 

SINGING STEVEN(55) 15 ten. Wohrortwrapton 5f stks good to soft May 12. FaWyn »2J 
3rd to EMMB1 GREEN (8-2) with AFTUBBA (8-4)4th beaten 21 11 ran. Wararidk 51 sore 

good totem June 7. 
ffsterte o n- BATTLE# 

Going: good to firm 

Draw: high numbers best 


0 : SS48: 5fl (8 itinnere) 

1 0004 CN0iailATCHmJSVWsonB.11 DMeMtef 

3 0 GARNET R Boss 8-11 EQwte(315 

4 0 MADAM BUANCaBagtan 8-11 GDuMsMI 

5 004 HUZURXANOVA C Thornton 6-11 J Mandate 6 

7 PRETTY SOON TFwrtMst 511 MBeocroft4 

11 TOOT TOOT DonysSmth 8-11 LOwnodcS 

2-1 Mazurkanova, 3-1 Madam BBa. 741 Too* Toot 5-1 
Garnet 10-1 Pretty Soon, 14-1 Choice Mateh. 

5 OHM BANTH. BANZAI (Dim Mbs 8-13 JLowe i 

6 0030 HARDY CHANCES Mb 8-13 R Street 11 

7 0140 MR KEWMILL M Tampions 8-13 MWmmarlO 

10 am GARDA IS GOTO M Britten 55 — 5 

11 04M HAHLEYFORD LAD Denys Smrtti 8-5 MFryi 

14 3000 UPTON HAMM'S {BUD) G M Moore 8-1 — RPEMOU3 

15 404 WCKBMAN (Iff) MPrascoB 8-1 GDuffiaW7 

16 000 LA BELLE Cf SANTO Denys Snath 7*10. LCternockS 

17 0300 WATEMQLATH E Woymas 7-9, AMoefcayS 

, G DuffieU7 

4-1 Tanya's Princess. 5-1 Hardy Chsnce. 6-1 Sen Dorado, 
7-1 Garda's Goto. 8-1 Bickermsn. Watendteto. 10-1 Mr KewmH, 
Hwteyfbrd tad. 12-1 Banal Banzai. 14-1 otters.. 


1 2310-10 POLLY DANIELS (USA)(D)iGua*ig Stud LM) P Cote d-S-10 T Orion 6 

2 222000 ANKO LOCO (B) (J L4 K Bnnsey 59-10 S WMteurth 2 

3 030000 POLYKRAT15 (C-D)(M Perascos) M E Franca 4-9-5 PariEAtey6 

7 000004 OUR JOCK (01 (Uxd McA4m) H Simtii 40-13 CRriterffll 

9 10ODW OORXWGUDfCJffi) (MreP Brown) MBtenshanJ 40-12 — H Cochrane 4 

15 002000 TOBBWORY W)Y(CO) (C Longbortom) R VWwakar 88-1 _OMcKeown3 
10-11 Our Jock. 4-1 Amigo Loco, 5-1 Polly Derates, Priykrafls. 38-1 Tobermory 
Boy. Dorking Lad. 

& Orrery Sfts tern Jww 19. OUR JOCK (90) 4th beaten 1L 
DORKING LAD (S-2) unptaced 28 ran. Ascot Woking 

DORKING LAD (9-2) unptaced 28 ran. Ascot 
POLYKRAT7SM-3) 6th beaten 61 to Last TVcoon (I 
14 ran. Ascot St stks firm June 20. TOBERMOir 
Jade (9-10) 12 raa Epsom 61 b'cap good June & 

nk to Touch Of Grey (8-n with 
tern Site 6f finn June 2D. 
ASHGO LOCO (9G) unptaced 
58) 5(h beaten 9 to Imperial 

Edinburgh selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Madam Bilia. 2.45 Five Sixes. 3.15 Hardy 
Chance. 3.45 One To Mark. 4.15 Princely Estate. 
4.45 Chummy’s Own. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Madam Bilia. 3.15 Vien Dorado. 3.45 One to 
Mark. 4.15 Princely Estate. 4.45 Regal 

3.45 FIDRA STAKES (£547: 1m) (6) 

2 -000 NONWWSTUET Craw 6-9-2 E Guest (3) 4 

5 REBECCA'S PET Glfamsn 4-6-13 —9 

7 04-1 ARTHJL DAY J Dunlop 3-6-7 G Baxter 2 

9 2009 LOST OPPORTUNITY (B^BT) B ^ Cv~-.L j. 3 

11 BOG OK TO MARK MPrascoB 3-8-3 GDeHcHI 

18 00 PORETOP WBsey3-84) J Lows 5 

11-8 Artful Day. 1541 One To Mark 6-1 Loot Opportunity. 
10-1 Rebecca's Pat 16-1 Foretop. 

4.0 E B F DAYBROOK STAKES (2-Y-O coRs: £1 .118: 6f) (8) 

Nottingham selections b 

By Mandarin | 

2.0 Mitner. 2.30 L B Laughs. 3.0 Battlcaxe. 3,30 Polykratis. 4.0 Lord 16 
Collins- 4J0 Rather Homely. 5.0 Simon’s Fantasy. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 25 

01 ONGOING SITUATION (Mrs W McAIpre) M Morisy 9-2 SCWMtiZ 

09 ABIDJAN {B)MBaherwgj Spearing 8-11 N How* 6 

02 BORN FREE AGAMfR EmnaSt) L Aggolt B-1 1 TteosB 

BUTTEBFBJJ ROAD (USA) (M Brrosn-Coutts) M Usher 8-11- M Wi$m 7 

4 tom COLUNSI&rGWMaJM Stoute 8-11 W R Saririwra 3 

4 LOVE TRAM (M Obarsawi) D Lang B-11 PsT Eddery 1 

RAGTIME SOLO (R Hasley) P Maten 8-11 TQttem4 

WaUESWRtGMT0NECUE(TT»mpl3ce Lid) G HuITor 8-11 GC«rtw[3)5 

2.45 CRAKjLEITH SELLING STAKES (2-y-o: £798: 

1 D421 FIVE SXESimNTinWor 9-4 DWebrite* 

6 JUST A DECOY N Bycreit 8-11 M IBch e nto o n (7) 3 

8 RYESONG J S Wfinon 8-11 GDtefteldl 

10 0000 BANTEL BOUQUET Mss I Bo9 88 J Lowe 2 

13 4 EVERY WEDNESDAY Ron Tbompacn 8-8- R P EMot! 5 

4.15 BASS ROCK MAIDEN STAKES (3-y-o: £547: 
1m 30 (4) 

5 002 BNGJACKJDurtqpM G Baxter 1 

6 -222 PRINCELY ESTATE J Wrier 90 AMackay 3 

10 030 AUCHAFnE (USAVBF) B HMs 8-11 RStiwt* 

11 03-2 BANASiyA(Br}M Stoute 8-11 EGnool<^2 

66 Banasiya, 9-4 King Jack. 7-2 Prmotey Estate. 6-1 


445 INCHKErm HANDICAP (£867: 1m 41) (S) 

10-11 Hw Sixes, 3-1 Every Wednesday. 5-1 Ryesmg. 10-1 
Barite Boutquet 12-1 JuBt A Decoy. 

3.15 CANADA DRY HANDICAP (3-y-a £1,774: 71) 

2 0043 BBENDORMXJfUSAJBHsnbwy 9-7 GEtextar4 

3 03-3 TANYA'S PRINCESS J W Watts 61 — NC«ntataa2 

2 QUO APPLE WMEft>0)D Chapman 69-7 — . D Metals 2 

3 2021 REGAL CAPISTRANO P) A™ Thompson 

4-9-6 RPEB0B5 

4 0000 TAJ SWGH ®) Derws Smith 4-M LCtaamockE 

7 1020 CHUMMY^ OWN (D) N Critaghan 3-8-7 __ GDuKteM4 

8 0000 JUBILWn- LADY DOapmai 5-84 _ S P Griffiths (5) 3 

11 -000 HONEST TOKEN T Craig 7-M3 AMacfcayl 

13>8 Regal Capistrano. 10030 Chummy's Own, 4-1 Apple 
Wftie. 6-1 Ta| Singh, 10-1 Jubiant Lady, 12-1 Honest Tokea 


to Ann 

numbers best 

CLUNG HANDICAP (£970: 1m 2f 

17 0000 BERNKMAGnL (BMD) R Bore 5-1 —8 

19 Ml OUTOFHAHMONYCftangan7-13 TWManS 

20 -000 HERMRNDA N Vigors 7-11 SDawsm« 

23 -021 SHARP TUKSWMusntt 7-7 AMackaylO 

7-2 Possedyna 94 Chumnnr's Pet 5-1 Marmm, 5-1 Nfcfcte 
A (Oss, Riviera Scene. Sharp Times, 10-1 ZuKi Knight 14-1 

( 8 ) 

£2,855: 61) 

4 4241 RMBSJUJ F Jordan 9-2 

6 0 AJANAC J Itee 8-11 

7 0 BANGKOK BOY D Lafeig 8-11 

8 00 DTVBC CHARGER GLmre 6-11. 

11 0 LITTLE SACY B Paling 61 1 

13 220 LUCIANAGA P Wahnn 611- 

15 64 MURJAHCBeraOraa611 

18 02 PACIFIC BASIN (USA) D Laing 611 . 

Tt-8 Ludareni. 7-2 Pacific Basin. 4-1 
Ajanac, Murefah. TO-1 LrUe Sacy. 14-1 otters. 


— PW Eddery 2 
__ JMtanut 
~ Pate Eddery? 
__ SCauBwiA 

— Thf«» 5 

Rimbeau, 6-1 

MR. Track Marshal. 6-1 
are. 10-1 Lotoy. SolantLad. 

indsor selections 

By Mandarin 

Lad. 7.10 Sauce Diable. 7,35 
:L 8.5 Lucianaga. 8JS Weshaam. 

■ Newmarket Correspondent 
Mill. 7.10 Misk. 735 Chummy’s 
dfic Basin. 835 Weshaam, 9.5 

835 DBWrS PROyiSJONS' HANDICAP (£2,620: 
1m 3f 150yd) (8) iweu: 

1 -231 

2 0132 

3 1-03 TWICE BOLb N Critagten S^2 Ite Edcterv a 

4 Q000 ATtG(F R) J BeB>gtB-T2 JRteSl 

7 -000 GOTO PATH (BID Bswotth B-1 ^ 

10 -300 PROBLEM CWU> R Smy* 7-13 S Wtetworih E 

11 OM STAR SHMER (USA) G Lewis 7-12 HLTW2 

12 0022 UP TO UNCLE RHamon 7-1 1 AmSSI 

7-4 Twice Boto. 3-1 Weshaam, ii-2 Cohram. 6-1 Ud to 

unde. 6-1 Problem Odd. 10-1 Gotfs PaauEictteis, 

9J5 KNIGHTSBRffiGE STAKES (3-y-a 1m 2f 22yd) 

1 -SOI ESDALE ffRM&mjTYaa 93^ 

2 02-1 COmt/Uf WVSi H Candy 

3 61 TEMPLE WALK W Hem M AUunty 13 

S 668 aUCKLEST0NEDLaiflg8.1l TWmll 

7 006 FARAWAY LAD 0 RmgarB-11 PiTAkv 1 

8 023 GANOtMJUSMP .CUa W1 TOrdano 


0.11 lUmroA 

15 MRAGE lUNCto (BP) R Steyte 611 ^ S WtetaM 1 

17 0 RED RI VER BOY R Hodges 611 ADkte ml 

20 SPEB) STICK PHayrasi-11 IpwuGmB 

22 60 raEO^iif^PM^iTZiilirj wwamTiS 

32 0 OUT OF K1HONESS A Moore 68 a Bond 3 

33 00 SWEET SPICE PBurgaria 84 M Wlgham 14 

selectiou: 8.35 Weshaam. 

Saturday’s results from four meetings 


1.4S 1, Hard A* tom l5-lt 2. Top Range 
(641: 3. Enbarr (5-2 lav). $ ran. 

2L3Q 1. Ntfly Griff 1 Fl» Park (4-1 
it-favh 3, Avaiasash (14-1). Favtown 4-1 p- 

(5-1). 3. Enbarr (5-2 lav). 9 ran. 

2.15 1, Marimatar f7-2_p-fav): 2. Hilton 
Brawn(l61):3. Pertect Ttmmg (7-2 

2.45 1. Mister wonderful (8-1): 2. Nino 
BSAxa (61), Z Brave Owen (5§ lav). 14 

3.151, Twyla (611 lav): 2, Rarely Irish (16 
1): 3. taste (9-1). 13 raa 

3.45 1, Tamana Dancer (16-11: 2. Tropico 
fS-lh a CJoudJess Sky (5-1). Si ran. 

4.15 1, Wb*o( 8-1); 2. Saritela Sam (18-1); 
3.BoroDeBcwlMA6(9rifau) I ll ran. 
4ri5 1, Dasricem (13% 2, Russan Logic 
(11-a lay): 3. Warm welcome (l6i)Ti4 

4 JM 1, Space Trooper (12-U: 2. tewp (64 
jt-tev): 3. Honest ToU i61l Shah's Choica 
|9-4 ji-fav). 8 rea 

430 1, EkBteta (9-2): 2. Grey Tan (6-11: 3. 
Haley's Run (SMj. Gotaen Tree 13-fl fav. 9 


6.4S 1. Brown Thatch (Rriy 2. Auction 
Favor (11-2): 3. Green Steps (i61). 
Canadian Star 7-4 tev. 12 ran. NR 
Cteesoal Storm. 

7.15 1. KnocfcahaiTy (5-2 tevh The Macua 
14.11.3. Skerne Rockat (16li 13 ran 
7.45 1. Wlwte AS* (5-1); 2. Ass3cJaw!(7-?): 
3. OW Modem (9-2). Mancn 7-4 &v. iiran. 

Leaders on Flat 


arch MAIDEN STAKES (2-y- 


8.15 1. Whtateg Words (3-1 lav): 2. 
Hamlou! (14-1): 3. Topeka Brpre3a (161); 

a M n i 
HCsol 44 30 16 

PCOte 36 23 25 

G Harwood 32 19 11 

JDunrop 31 20 22 

M H Easterby 23 14 19 

ICumani 22 9 13 

M Stoute 22 22 20 

Tom Jonas 21 12 12 

0 +8.14 
0 +23.08 
4 -5.02 

0 +41.85 
0 -66.13 
3 -254 

3 *47. f fl 

MORE ESten 94 
IAKCR B HVs 9-0 — 

H Cedi 94 

( G Lewis 9-0 — 
MARK M Chapman M- 
3KEE GOLD SUelCY 8-11 

OR MAR R Smyth 611— 
. MCER B Stevens 6-11 

DUBLE W Ham 61 1 

DtabiO. 5-2 Misk. 7-1 

2.15 1. Young Jam (2-1 tevfc Z JoWst 
(261V.3. Afcaayed(5-iri3 ran. NR: Light 

IAS 1, Sahara Shadow (9-2 (r-tav): Z 
Steke River (61): 3. Brptewe jll-1): 4, 
Faydan (20-1). Sweet Gemma 62 fi -lav. 
22 ran NR: Porto Irene. 

3.15 1, Btondore Choice (161): Z Capa 
(61): 3. Fonrndabte Laoy(Ii-l). Giibouw 
Moon 61 lav. 13 ran. NR: CaroTs Muac. 
3.45 1. MOnoe Bank (2- lj;2. Domino Firs 
(Evans tevC 3. Lady rat (5-1). 5 ran. 

4.15 1 , Hbyttenic Bliw> (64): Z Duncan 
Mabo (7-1): 3. Onisky (4-6 tort. 3 rw. 
445 1, A fiu tw i w w n (161): 2, Nontem 
Lad (7-1J; 3. Angefe Are «oa (ll-tfltew). 8 
ran. WF. Fourm Flyer. 


1.45 1. Snare (168 lavK 2. HJgb Crown 
(62): 3. Hanoof (9-2). 6 ran. 

2.15 1, Pesterega (12-1): 2, Super Tr* (2- 

4. Johrotan Boy (12-1). 17 ran. 
645 1. Lotacfie (4685 fast , 

— ■ .. — Khe (4655 fast 2. Stevng 
Water (61); 3, Navas (33-1). 11 ran. 

9.15 1. Fttepe Tore (4-1)-, 2, cnauttgqua 
(il-2); 3. The M e chan i c (2-1 for). 8 ran. 
NR: NtCCriO Pota. Stephen's Song, regb- 



SThocnsoa 4 





S Whdwonh 7 

8-11 _ JMotha* 1 

R carter 15) S 

— PatEddwyS 

Melody Maker. 61 

Ji? Corr ^ n Rw. Mrage 

» or. 7-1 Tavin, 61 Ganoon. 161 Faraway L«L 14-1 oth^ 


Blinkered first time 

EDINBURGH: 2-15 Choree Match. 3.15 
Uptown flanab's. 345 Loot Opportunity. 

Pa Eddery 
W Carson 
R Cochrane 

H te to : 
72 41 32 
52 56 45 
48 43 48 
35 41 28 
35 28 26 
33 39 37 
33 25 20 
31 25 26 

Y HANDICAP (3-y-o: £2,884 

Today’s course specialists 


sp^fs: aawEawMfM 

SS(USA)LCunari9-7~ SOreoaCflll 
D5swrti65 AMcGtowl 

jkUONEY (USA) R Armstrong^ 


TRAINERS: H Oacfl, 15 winners ftom 41 -runners. 36.8%: w 
OGorTRStn. 15 from 58, 253%r. J Tran. 12 from 51. 235%. 

4 45 Taj Sown. 
WINDSOR: 8.45 

Trttuda Star. 7-35 Zteu 

Kriritt. Benwa Girl. 8.iS God's Path. 
NOTTMGHAM: 20 Cherry Lustre. 230 
Northern Sodcty. S.OOafway Express. 4 JO 

The mudKravelled Tele- 
prompter is confirmed a definite 
runner in Saturday's Coral 
Eclipse Stakes at Sandown, 

. S Caribou S 

WrtEddwy 12 
PH Eddery 9 

. JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery. 50 wimera Iron 24S rides 20.1 G 
Starkey. 27 (ram U4.la8V- T (res. 18 ftonTl^T4 ^ 


TO rurewra. 2B.i%; j 

*SS5JI. (r 9! n .foj Boor. Strom 56 143%. 

Conoa^ IB team 107, 16JK. (only two quafifitea) ■ 


pressure is 
on Ovett 
to see off 


By pat Botc&CT 

Athletics Correspoodeat 

.Pot Eddery 4 
— RCurant? 

Steve Oven did not exactly 
b1 „7k^ first 5,000 metres race 


Sflanos and 
over his progress np 

longer disiance have 
the kittle race 

Championships, for which tb« 
is still criritism coming from 
aeve Cram, toe 
taken over toe rrcortHjrcakinB 
from Ovett and Sebastian 

But Oven now finds himsett 
in a tvptcal "pressure 
onfy does he haveiob^t ^ve 
Lewis tonight in order W cfamn 
the last place in toe Comm cm- 
wealth team, but d«®oe wk« 
■on a broader sigmftcaiux: with 
the pankipauon of 
Coghlan. already one ot me 
European favourites. 

Coghlan has been consistently 
beaten by Ovett over one mile 
and 1.500 metres during the ha 
decade, including toe *y{o 
E uropean 1.300 "*»»“■ 
Prague, where Ovett took gold 
and Coghlan toe silver medal. 

But Coghlan has the advan- 
tage of having moved up to 

5.000 metres three years ago, 
and winning the inaugural 
championship. The three sec- 
onds margin by which Coghlan 
won his 3,000 metres in San 
Jose three weeks agek compared 
to Ovett's victory in Finland last 
Thursday, is negligible.. 

Far more telling tonight may 
be the fact that CogMan's last 
mile in San Jose was oavered in 
around 4roin Ssec. If Coghlan 
can do that off a relatively fast 
pace tonight, Ovett is going to be 
stretched, but he should still 
j beat Lewis and wm his 
Commonwealth place. 

But Cram’s comments after 
| running 3:51.5, the fastest mile 
j in the world this year, in 
Gateshead on Friday will still be 
valid. Cram extended his criti- 
cism of Coe and Oven _ for 
missing toe AAA Champion- 
ships to their deliberately miss- 
ing the England match in 
Gateshead. That same night, 
Coe ran a 1,500 metres race in 
the Netherlands in 3:34.32. also 
the fastest of the year. That will 
have earned him his Common- 
wealth place, and having 
changed to 800 metres in Stock- 
holm tomorrow night, he should 
also ensure that place for 

Allan Wells, another of 
Britain's gold medal winners 
from toe start of toe decade, has 
bean given enormous leeway by 
the Scottish selectors for Edin- 
burgh. He has not run a 100 
metres since toe Los Angeles 
Gaines two years ago and 
tonight must be his last chance 
to prove form against three of 
the Americans who ran against 

Zola Budd*s conqueror from 
this race last year. Darlene 
Beckfbrd, cannot be in Belfast 
tonight. Which is just as well for 
her, since Miss Budd is in vastly 
superior form to this point last 
year. Although she faces Lynne 
Williams, third in the Olympic 

3.000 metres — in which Miss 
Budd finished seventh — the 
youngster beat the Canadian 
consistently last summer and 
should do so again over 3.000 
metres in what is the best ever 
programme for the Dale Farm 


Americans set 
record after 
two lost days 

By Barry PfckthaQ 

With the arrival of three more 
yachts in Newport. Rhode Is- 
land. at the end of the Garisberg 
two-handed transatlantic race 
over the weekend, the most 
extraordinary performance to 
date has been achieved by Joe 
Colpitt and Jody Culbert, two 
American sailors, aboard Tran- 
sient. one of the smallest entries 
in the fleet 

Their 35 ft trimaran crossed 
the finish line at 14.13 GMT on 
Saturday, to not only take nine Z 
honours in class six bnt beat all 
their larger rivals in classes five, ~ 
four and three, despite losing ■ 
two days after the start by calling * 
into port on three occasions to ^ 
repair their saiL Once those 
problems were overcome, bow- ; 
ever, they .went on to set a new 

record for their class of 20 days 3 
hours 13 minutes, more than 
two days and five hours inside 
toe previous best lime set by 
Mark Gatehouse and Mike 
Holmes, of Britain, during the 
previous two -handed race in 

Joe Colpitt. toe skipper, who 
built the Newick-designed tri- 
maran three years ago, was as 
surprised as everyone at their 
performance, for equipped with 
only a hand-bdd radio and VHF - 
radio-direction finder, they had J, 
not been able to keep in touch ■ 

with toe outside world for much 

of the 3,000-mile voyage. In- 
deol the last time radio control 
had received their position was . JtT: 
eight days before their arrival. 

Another to finish' on Saturday " 
was Robert Nickerson's 60 ft ' 
manojinil. Cherry Valley 
Superduck, which limped across " 
toe line- eight hours behind ■■ 
l ransiem with a fractional bal- " 
fast tank, badly flexing hull and 
ngging to take 10th 



More sport 
on page 35 

, * V 


! * ^ i 

V ' J 

H* - 

k 4 * “ 


If.Vv.. % L 

. *■ 

i* ir.. • • 

•^r ■ 


i ; v?.. " 

i : C v 

' V 






Gatting wields the whip 
over New Zealand 
with cracking century 


LORD'S Middlesex lead 
a jVfir Zealanders bv 172 runs 
Jb with 3 wickets in hand 

A delightful innings of 135 
by Mike Gatling helped Mid- 
dlesex to their biggest total of 
the summer against the New 
Zealanders yesterday. From 
the way he batted, full of 
confidence, one would never 
have thought this was bis 
opening first-class century this 
season; indeed, his only score 
of note. 

The England captain's pre- 
vious best score this season 
was 43 and it can be no 
coincidence that Middlesex 
have had such a poor start in 
the championship. He was 
missed on 54 at deep mid-off, 
- swinging the bat freely as he 

* did throughout his innings 
which lasted 262 minutes and 
included two sixes and 15 

There was another good 
Sunday gate — not quite the 
five figure attendance of a 
fortnight ago here, but a big 
enough crowd to make the 
New Zealanders feel appreci- 
ated. Middlesex helped by 
picking their best available 
team, other than resting Dan- 

Return of 
> prodigious 

By Alan Gibson 

Taunton: The Indians with 
two first innings wickets in hand 
were 261 ahead of Somerset 
when bad light stopped play on 
the second of this three-day 

The day's play was much 
interrupted by the weather, but 
what there was of it was 
dominated by the Indians, and 
principally by Gavaskar. This 
did not altogether displease the 
Somerset crowd, for after all he 
was once, briefly, one of their 

* own. 

Overnight, the score was 205 
for 3 and early morning 
thunderstorms delayed the start, 
without really lightening the 
atmosphere, as we had hoped it 
might When it rained again in 
the afternoon, the Indians were 
237 for 4, and Amamatb was 
out Ibw to Taylor. 

By I vo Tennant 

iel. This now includes Miller, 
whose 56 in 187 minutes was 
full of promise. He shared in a 
1 15-run partnership with his 
captain when he was caught at 
silly mid-off. pushing forward 
at BraceweiL 

After lunch, taken at the 
strange time of 2. 1 5, Gatling 
took the attack to the spinners. 
Gray, bowling with economy 
of run-up and aciion. bowled 
tidily before 33 were taken off 
what were to be the last three 
overs of his spelt Gatling, 
having reached his 100 with 
the second of three successive 
boundaries, twice lifted him 
for six over extra-cover. 

It would, though, be templ- 
ing providence to say that on 
this form and pitch, the New 
Zealanders' attack looks in- 
nocuous. The Indians ap- 
peared to be just that at 
Canterbury last month, but 
that was before the Tests 
began. It is hard to think 
Gatting will bat in such inhib- 
ited fashion next rime he faces 
this bowling at Lord's. 

Radley was a subdued part- 
ner in a third wicket stand of 
101. scoring 25 to Gatling's 
75. It ended when Gatting was 


Forrest walks tall 
to claim first 
four-round victory 

From John Hennessy, Hilversnm, The Netherlands 

swing at 
the new ball 

drove Stirling to cover-point 
the harder ball helping it carry 
to the fielder, but Dowmon. 
with a half-century in 107 
minutes that included a six 
and six fours, kept up the 
momentum as Middlesex de- 
clined to declare. With Ed- 
monds. whose 31 was his best 
score of the season, he added 
67 in 12 overs. 

NEW ZEALANDERS: First hwngs 232 (J 
V Coney 93. o S Smith 4a; 

MIDDLESEX: Ftrst mrai 

A J T Miner c Coney d BracewaS 56 

W N Sack C Crowe b Stfrtmg 10 

*M W Gating si Snwh o Braceweil 135 

C T Radley c Ed oar O Stirling 42 

H O Botcher b Swlmg 30 

P fi Dowmon not out 59 

J E Emburey b Strtng 15 

P H Edmonds c and b Gray 31 

S P Hughes ran out 8 

Extras (D 1.10 7. nb 10 ) 18 

Total (7 wins) 

ARC Fraser. N G Cowans to baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: MS. 2-131. 3-232. 4- 
256. 5-290. 6-325. 7-392. 

Umpires: M J KucJtfln and D O Ostear 

•The Hampshire opening bats- 
man, Gordon Greenidge. 
missed the John Player League 
match against Worcestershire at 
New Road yesterday after 
breaking a bone in a toe during 
net practice before Saturday's 
county championship fixture 
between the sides. 

jfcv- --njhMte** : - 

/■'" " 

■ 1 .* ■' “ \ J* 

v'-; *\- 

Lord at Lord's: Gatting sweeps to 135 (photograph: Peter Llewellyn) 

Jane ForresL a Lancashire 
lass of 28. played brilliantly and 
bravely 10 win the Volmac 
Dutch Women's Open 
championship at Hilversum 
yesterday. When her Iasi putt 
died, appropriately Tor another 
birdie, she had completed 3 
round of 70. two under par. and 
a tournament total of 282. six 
under par. 

Mis Forrest beat Liseloite 
Neumann, of Sweden (71). by 
the handsome margin of five 
strokes. Diana Chudzinski. or 
West Germany (68). by six, and 
two Scots. Gillian Stewart (72T 
and Catherine Pamon [721. by 
seven, ft was Mrs Forrest’s first 
victory in a 72-hole eveni since 
becoming a professional in 1979 
and her prize of £6.750 was 
£4.250 more than she had 
previously won. 

Although she had a cushion of 
four strokes to start the day 
with, the result of a dazzling 66 
on Saturday. Mrs Forrest was 
immediately put on the rack. 
She played the first hole badly, 
took seven and suddenly found 
herself only one ahead as Laura 
Dav ies chipped and putted for a 
birdie four. 

Miss Davies soon pressed the 
self-destruct button, as a woman 
of her raw power is api to do on 
a tight course like Hilversum. 
and" the gifted Miss Neumann 
emerged as the one force to be 
feared. She was now two behind, 
but shortly to be three behind 
when she took five at the third 
and soon to be five behind when 
Mrs Forrest stunningly holed a 
wedge shot from 80 yards for an 
eagle three at the seventh. 

Mrs Forrest is only five feet 
three inches but she walked tall 
down the l8lh fairway, wel- 
comed by the sort of acclama- 
tion that greets Ballesteros or 
Nicklaus at Si Andrews. She 
chipped to five feet holed the 
pull and dissolv cd into the arms 
of her caddy. Happily, he hap- 
pens to be her husband. 

sfaiedl 282: J Forrest. 72. 74. 66. 70 
(£5.750) 287: L Neumann tSwe). 73. 73, 
70. 71 (£4 612). 288: D Chudzinski [WGL 
73. 72. 75. 68 (£3,375). 289: C Pamon 72. 
70 75. 72 (£2.4751, G S re wan 72. 69. 76. 
72(C2.475) 290: K Douglas. 70. 74. 75. 71: 
M Thomson 74. 73. 73. 70. 291: K 
Espmasse (Fr). 71. 75. 71. 74 292: P 
Gnce-Wn«tta''ei’.75.6&. 74. 74; D Raid. 75. 
73. 72. 72. C Sharp. 72. 71. 76. 73 293.-P 
Cortfey (US). 70. 73. 81. 69; L Davies. 73. 
70. 73. 77 294: S SmxJwick. 79. 75. 72. 
68. K-Leaapener (US). 74. 69. 80.71. 



L x Jir 



Catching win for Hampshire Spin the destroyer 

as Sussex lose 

By Peter M arson 

Hampshire's triumph agaitist 
Worcestershire, whom they beat 
by nine wickets at New Road 
yesterday, was their fifth 
successive victory in six 
matches, and, quite apart from 
lhe encouragement that that will 
bring Nicholas and his team, it 
represented also a progressive 
stride forward, skirting Essex on 
the way, to joint leadership of 
the John Player Special League, 
a position they share with 
Northamptonshire and Not- 
tinghamshire. Hampshire's tar- 
get had been a modest ooe of 
1 S3, and in cruising home in 
37.4 overs. Terry made 78 not 
out, and Nicholas. 62 not out 
Thai Worcestershire had 
found run-making in their in- 
nings to be a difficult exercise 
was as much a tribute to 
Hampshire's bowlers, as to the 
backing of a keen field where six 
catches had assisted in the fall of 

eight wickets. Curtis, who had 
been Worcestershire's prop was 
run out as he sought to free 
himself of the bowlers* grip, and 
Hick and Patel suffered a simi- 
lar fate after they had got off to a 
decent start. Cowley's off spin 
bowling brought him three 
wickets for 33, while Connor 
picked up three, also, for 54. 

Nottinghamshire were loo 
good for Leicestershire at Grace 
Road, and won comfortably by 

an order for Glamorgan, who 
were beaten by 94 runs. 

Glamorgan had chosen to 
field first and they moved off on 
the right foot when Benson fell 
to Ontong's catch olT Hickey's 
bowling wjth the score on two. 
But. lhe next wicket was a long 
lime coming and with Hinks 
settling in before forcing the 
pace. he. Taylor and the broth- 
ers Cowdrey went off at a great 
pace towards a big total. Hinks 

GATESHEAD: England * United State: 
Ural to Stares L?2?t5. England ID Reeutts. 
MEttlOOfTEl LCflH51ifrfEng|.T0J?MC 2 H 
McSwairnUSl IQ 52.3. DCounoHUSl. 10 SB 
20Oic 1. m McSwan iUSI. 2067s*c. 2 T 
Deen lUSl. 2D 77 3. T Beonen (Ena). 20.97. 
400m: 1 C Daniel |US). 45 2. P Brawn 

lEngi. *5.96 3. B Anryeia (U5). 45.04 
800m: 1.0 Snarpe (Eng) imin 45 88wc. 2. J 
GEiawn lEnai. 1 *6 3*. 3. J Rcenrson iU5t. I- 
*665 1,000m: 1 R Harrison i6ngi 2mm 

3ngl 2 IB 35. Mile: 1. 

3mm 51 43s«C 2 P Efton 

seven wickets with 3.5 overs to had the bad luck to he tun out 
spare. Potter and Willey had 
given Leicestershire a good start 
m a stand of 101 for the first 
wicket Potter had made 63. and 
Willey 59. and after they had 
been two of three wickets io go 
down on the way to 115. Boon 
came to hit 31 not out out of 69 
runs off the last dozen overs. 

Kent had scored 269 in re- 
sponse to an invitation to bat at 
Maidstone, and that was loo tall 


one run short of a hundred, and 
Christopher Cowdrey made 59. 

Sharp is on 
song with 
a century 

By a Correspondent 

By Richard Streeton 

HASTINGS: Sonhamptonshirc 
l-fpnl beat Sussex by 88 runs. 

Northamptonshire, with their 
fifth successive win. became 
joint leaders in the John Player 
League with this emphatic vic- 
tory. Rather unusually for the 
competition, they owed every- 
thing to their two spinners. 

Cook 3nd Harper, who shared 
seven wickets between them. 

Sussex. who were without Imran 
Khan, have now lost four 
matches, and their own chal- 
lenge has faded. 

in front of the sightscrcen. 
Lamb, who received what can 
be described as a s> m pa thy clap, 
faced six balls before he was was 
beaten as he played back to 

Harper made some assertive 
strokes and scored 43 of 63 
added in 14 overs with Capel. 
before he was bowled by Reeve. 
Capel always found it hard work 
and was caught at deep mid-off | 
in the last over. Sussex always 
bowled tightly and their fielding 
was never less Lhan alert. 

At half past three, play started 
again. Gavaskar and 
Azharuddin moving reasonably 
through the afternoon. Without 
Gamer. Botham, and Richards, 
as they are in this match. 
Somerset relied heavily on the 
steadfast Marks, who came in 
for some clouting from 
Gavaskar. but bowled 
Azharuddin with an unusual 
faster ball, at 289. 

Tea was taken at 5. 1 Opm, with 
l the weather still cloudy and 
oppressive. Gavaskar was 86. 
every run cheered by the youth- 
ful TauntoRians. They have had 
their heroes, not all of them 
Somerset-born, from Sam 
Woods, to Vivian Richards, but 
none. I think, has been more 
afTcctionailyheld in esteem than 

Pandit and Binney were out 
soon afterwards, and Somerset 
were contemplating an awkward 
second innings. The pitch has 
played pretty well so £u\ but the 
weather and its effects arc 
unpredictable. Gavaskar went 
to a warmly welcomed hundred 
in the evening. 

SOMERSET: First Innings 128 (N S Ya dav 
6 tor 30). 

INDIANS: First Innings 

*R J Sftastn e Roebuck b Palmer 64 

R Lamba e Garb b AtXmson 6& 

M Amamath Ibw b Taylor 33 

S M Paul si Gatd & Haro an 8 

S M GaroiSar not out 138 

M Aznarueton (, Mjrks 27 

CSPamttc Roebuck b Harden 12 

R M H Bmrty & Marks 0 

M R.abbakar c BartteH b Afcnson 14 

S N Yadav not out 13 

Extraslnb 2 .D 2 . 1 bA.wS> — 13 

Total (8 wfcts) 389 

FALL OF WICKETS: V130. 2-142, 3- 
16t 4-216. 5-289. 6-312. 7-313, 8-358.. 
Umpires: J W Holder and R Palmer. 

Worcs v Hants 


HampsMm fipts) boat Worcestershire by 
9 wickets 

T S Curts rwi out 

D B D'Ofrreira c R A Smrth b Connor 

G A Hick cflA SmiBi O Cowley 

D N Pa®) c and b Marshal 

•P A Neale c James b Cowley — 4 

M J Weston b Cowley 9 

tS J Rhodes c Nicholas b Connor 18 



Newpcxi c 

Nicholas b Connor ... 12 


John Player league 


Norths nts<5) 









Sussex (2) 



Surreal 7) 
Lancashire) 14) 


7985 postmens tn brackets 



















R K lttrgwodh not out — 2 

Extras (b 4, to 6, w 2) .J2 

Total (8 wfcts. 40 overs) 182 

A P Pndgeon did not bst. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-76, 3-133. 4- 
134. 5-13&. 6-151. 

BOWLING: James 8-1-30-0, Connor 8-0- 
54-3: Tramfen WMl -ft Cowley 8-0-33-3; 
Marshall 8-0-24-1 . 


V P Terry not out ..... 78 

D R Turner b West on 22 

•M C J Nicholas not out 62 

Extras (to 19. nb 2) -21 

Total (1 wkt 37.4 overs) 183 

C L Smith. R A Smrth. K 0 James, N G 
Cowley. M D Marshall. fR J Parts. T M 
Tremlen and C A Connor (fcd not bm. 
BOWUNG: Radtonl 8 - 1 - 2 S 0 ; Prtdgeon 
6.4-0-25-0: Weston 8-1-33-1; Newport 8- 
042-0; llfagwortb 8-1-25-0: Patel 1-0-13- 

Umpires: C Cook and J H Hampshire. 

Gloucs v Surrey 


Surrey (4pts) beet Gtoucesterstwe by 8 


A W Stovokl C Gray b BickneX 28 

CWJ Attievc Needham b Doughty .. 15 

K PTomflns c and b N ee d ham 11 

K M Curran c Richards b Gray ... 52 

J W Lloyds st Richards b Needham 1 

P BjunOndge 0 Needham 12 

TR C Russell c Richards b Fetoiam ... 21 

D V Lawrence c Bidcnefl b Gray 3 

C A Walsh c Ward 0 Fetlftam 0 

*D A Graveney not cut 1 

G E Samsbury not out 0 

Extras (to 10. w 3. nb 2) 15 

Total (9 wfcts. 37 overs) 157 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20. 2-58. 3-66. 4- 
70. 5-86. 6-135. 7-154. 8-154, 9-157. 
BOWLING: Doughty 5-1-13-1; Feittam 6- 
0 -36-2; Need turn 8-1-24-3: Brcfcnefl 6-0- 
27-1; Gray 8-1-24-2. Pocock 4-0-23-0. 

G S Cftmon not out 67 

M A Lynch c Pusses 0 Salisbury . — 14 

A J Stewart b Lloyds 17 

fC J Richards not out 55 

Extras (to 4. w 4) 6 

Tool (2 wfcts. 33 overs) 161 

D M Ward. A Neednam. M A Feitnam. R J 
Doughty. M P BwfcneB. A H Gray and P I 
•Pocock <&d not £J0L 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-41. 2-79. 

BOWLING. Semsbury 8-0-28-1: Walsh 8- 
0-30-0 Lawrence 40-25-0. Uoyds 8-0-27- 
1; Graveney 2-0-130: Bainbridge 5-334- 

umpires: K E Palmer and D R Shepherd. 

LEEDS: First women's Test match: India 
323 (S KuScarrtt ng, M Desal 54: A 
Stoning 4 tor 61) and 75 lor & England 198 
for 9 dec (L Cooke 72. S Poiur 66 not out 
S Ranges wamy 4 fur 42). 

HEADIS'GLEY: Yorkshire, with 

T/kinc vMntie fin,r first- innings wickets in 

^JCSVlNOtK hand ' are S s ^ tehind 

NotOnghamstm i*pts) beat Laicsster- M aniukstun. 

stwe By 7 wKke ts A splendid innings by Kevin 

1 1 - LEK ^ s1fcRSH1RE Sharp- who made 114 hot oul 

p h — 59 enabled Yorkshire to reach 300 

-D 1 Gower b Kemmiim".__~ 2 for six in 97 overs in the county 

j j Whitakrr c si* b Rice —3 championship match against 

P D Bowler c Rice b Evans — — • 4 Warwickshire at Headinotev 

P A J De Fredas D Hadlee 13 an *-iCKWiire at neaamgiev 

TJ Boon not out 31 yesterday. Sharp got lo his 

w k r Benwnm not out 3 century, in which there were ID 

Extras (fa 12, w i) ,.13 fours, in 264 minutes and with 

16 wW ^-^ ovws l -~.-.l9i Bairsiow. who made 47. added 

***" ana L B Taytor *8 Tor the fifth uickcL 
FAU OF WICKETS: 1 - 101 . 2-104. 3115. Warwickshire began at 335 
4 - 136 . 3139. 3182. for seven. McMillan 131 not out 

? 0 yH^ << r : ^ an ^ Small on four. McMillan 

E^ 2 - 33 LsLS 6 ®i ^ «x>" gon^ leg-before to 

Nottinghamshire Fie ic her. but Small stayed on to 

8 c Broad run out 60 make 43 before the innings 

2 'SUSf! — ~«2 closed at 385. With Sidcboitom 

^8 16 ,n J ured and Jar '’ is ukjn S 3 r «L 

R J Hadlee not out 9 Fletcher, Shaw and Peter 

BrttastTb7.w3.nbi) ^ii Hanley had lo work hard for a 

Total o wkts. 36 1 overa) 195 share in eight wickeis for 206 

!! T s , 

Saxetoy did not baL Gladstone Small then claimed 

FALL OF WICKETS- 1-34. 2-154. 3178- 3 Spell of three for 17 from 42 

BOWUNG: Benjamin 8-1-38-1; Annew deliveries, including bowling of 

Boycou for four. He then had 
Umpnec 0 j Constant and J H Harris. Moxon caught behind and Met- 
calfe playing down lhe wrong 
line. Love hit 37 as Yorkshire 
began to rally and. with Swallow 
Kent V Glamorgan seeing Sharp through 10 his 
at Maidstone century, there is the chance ofan 

Kent (4pts)beat Glamorgan by 94 runs early declaration todav. 


M R Benson c Ontona b Hcfcay 0 

S G Hinks rui out 

Nonham ptonshire's innings 
was slow 10 get into its stride, 
and for a time the match took 
second place to several other 
topics being discussed around 
lhe Central Ground. Imran 
Khan's failure to arrive in time 
visibly disappointed boih the 
crowd and his learn mates. 
Imran was delayed by traffic 
jams on a journey from London. 
Sussex have accepted his 
explanation and they do not 
intend to lake any disciplinary 

Local members, meanwhile, 
remain dismayed that the devel- 
opers. who have long wanted to 
create a shopping precinct on 
this3ncicniground. finally seem 
to have won iheir battle. By 
1990 cricket is expected to be 
staged elsewhere in lhe town. 
The present ground, nestling 
beneath the ruins of Hastings 
Castle, on which so much 
cricket history has been made, 
will be no more. 

Finally, or course, Larkins 
and Lamb, the one slightly 
amazed, and the oiher dearly 
disappointed, were the focus of 
Press attention following the 
announcement of England's 
Test team. On the field Larkins 
played some good strokes before 
he lofted a drive, and was held 

With the bat. though, it was a 
different story, and the Sussex 
innings was an abject affair. 
Capel yorked Green, and then 
the two spinners got to work. 
Cook's left -arm spin brought 
him three for 23. 


R JBBteybCM walls 14 

W Larkins c Reeve b Standing 26 

A J Lamb Ibw b Babwgton 7 

P J Capel c C M Wells b Agon 49 

•R A Harper t> Reeve 43 

R J Boyd-Moss run out 

DJ Wilde and bPigon 19 

IS N V Waterton ran out 13 

N G B Cook not out . — - 0 

Extras (to 6. w 9. nb 2) — 17 

Total (7 wUs. *0 oveisV 1 B8 

A Walker. N A Mafcnder d<1 noi bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23. 2-30. 374. 4- 
137. 3137.3169.7-184. 

BOWUNG C M Weils 30-331 : Pigon 32- 
27-2; Baangron 8-0-331; Standmr “- n - 
331; Reeve r-0-41-1: Green 1-0-74 

A M Green b Capel 
tr c Han 

P W G Parker c harper b Cook 

A P Weft, b Harper — 17 

C M WeUf, c and O Cook 

•fl J Goufcl c Walker o Cook — $ 

R I Akknan 0 Wild — 10 

c P Ptwfcpson K** 0 Harper ... 

D A Beew si Waterloo b Harper 5 

0 K Standing D Harper 

ACS Pigon not out 

A M aaorngton b Walker 

Extras (lb 51 S 

Total (35 overs) 


FALL OF WICKETS 1-28. 2-51. 3-83. 4- 
74. 376. 382. 7-88. 8-9*. 9^7, 10-100. 
BOWLING: Capel 7-1-21-1. Mallender 3 
0-130: Walker 841-17-1: Cook 8-0-233. 
Harper B4M7-4; Wild 1 -0-4-1. 
limpves: A A Jones and R JJian. 

Bermudans face tough 
eliminator battle 

N R Taytor c anti b Oniong 28 

•C S Cowdrey b Thomas — 59 

E A E BaptBtB b Holmes 13 

G R Cowdrey c Thomas b Hickey — 38 

O G AsJen c Danes 0 Thomas 0 

tS A Marsh c Holmes b Hickey 4 

G R DBey b Hickey 2 

D L Underwood not out 1 

K B S Jarvis not out 0 

Extras (b 1. to 15, w6. nb3T 25 

Total (9 wfcts. 40 overa) - 2S9 

FALL OF WICKETS- t-2. 2-81. 3-172. 4- 

197. 3243. 3243. 7- 255, 3263. 3268. 
BOWUNG: Thomas 841-51-2: Hefcay 7-0- 
41-4; oemcfc 33530; Ornong 8-0-42-V. 
S»ete 44M0-0: Hotmes 30-331. 


J A Hopkins c Baptiste b Jarvis 31 

H Moms c Jarvis b Underwood 39 

Younts Ahmed DCS Cowttvy 6 

G C Holmes c Taylor b Jarvis 25 

M P Maynard e Aston b Jarvis 4 

•RCOmongc Aston b Underwood - 25 
J 6 Thomas c Aston b Underwood — 2 
J Derrick c Underwood D Drftey — ..... 28 

IT Davies b Underwood 5 

J P Steele not out 1 

O J Hick ay b Underwood — 0 

Extras (to 8, w 1, nb 2} 11 

Total [33.2 overs) 175 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-64. 2-71. 3100. 4- 

105. 31 12. 31 16. 7- 166, 3169. 31 75. IQ- 

BOWUNG: Offley 30-231; Baptiste 30- 
444). .larva 30033: C S Cowdrey 4-0- 
131. Underwood 72-0-435. 

Umpires: J Bcfcensriaw and D G L Evans. 

WARWICKSHIRE: First Innings 

T A Lloyd c Sharp D Shaw 15 

P A Smith b Hartley T9 

B M McMillan tow b Pe letter 13a 

0 L Amiss c Metcaile b Swallow 83 

fG w Humpage b Shaw 39 

Asrl Dei c Ban stow b ReiCfter 16 

G J Parsons ibw d Fletcner 0 

K J Kerr ti Carncrt 4 

G C Smafl b Hartley *3 

T A Mumon not out — B 

•N Gitlord c Moxon b Hartley 8 

Extras flb 8 . w 1 . nb 7) 16 

Total 385 

Score ai 100 overs; 266 lor 4 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1 - 34 . 2 -U 3 - 193 . 4 . 
260. 3303.330*. 7-321 .6-339. 3368. 13 

BOWUNG: Fletcher 26-374-3: Shaw 22- 
3-832. Harney 20-1-633. Conic* 38-3 
123-1; Swaflow 19-4-48-1. 

YORKSHIRE: Rrsi Innings 

G Boycou b Sma# — 4 

M D Moxon c Humpage b Small 13 

A A Metcalfe Ibw bSmaH 30 

K Sharp noi out 114 

J 0 Love c McMiSan b Grtiord - 37 

'to L Bafcsiow b Parsons 47 

P Camck b Gmoid 26 

I G Swaltow not out u 

Extras (b 6 . to 7. nb 2) 15 

Total |6 wkts. 97 overs) 300 

P J Hanley. C Shaw and S D Fleicner 10 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-*. 2-«S. 3-56. 4- 
115. 3203.3274 

Bonus potnis: Yorkshire 5. Warwickshire 
Umpxw: R A While and B Leadbealer. 

By Mike Berry 

Bermuda strive 10 avoid 
elimination from the ICC Tro- 
phy in today's final round of 
qualifying group games in the 
Midlands — their match against 
the Netherlands at Smethwick 
holding the key to who joins 
Zimbabwe. Denmark and The 
Netherlands in the semi-finals. 

Victory for Bermuda will 
ensure their qualification on 
run-rate over the United States, 
but defeat in whai is justifiably 
billed as their most important 
match for years, would see the 
US go through instead. 

Interest in the game in Ber- 
muda is intense, with 15.000 of 
a population of 55.000 being 
attracted 10 the annual two-day 
Cup match between teams 
representing the eastern and 
western ends of the island. As 
losing semi-finalists in 1 979 3nd 
runners-up in 1 982. their failure 
to reach the last four, even 
though they opted for a much 
younger louring party this lime 
in comparison 10 previous 
events, will be received with 
profound disappointment back 

Clayton Butterfield, their 
dignified tour manager, admits; 
“Most of Bermuda will be on 
edge loday awaiting news. It's a 
tough game, but we know what 
u-e have lo do and are confident 
that we are capable of producing 

Another game with lesser 
significance, but one which will 
surely stimulate similar compet- 
itive ness. throws together 
Gibraltar and Israel. 

Tamwortfc Kenya 209 lor 9 150 overs. A 
Patel 65V. East Alnca 146 <50.1 overs. A 
Kumar J5. Z Sheikrt 4 for 12). Kenya won 
by 63 runs. Bewd toy : Denmark 265 tor 8 
<60 overs. O Mortensen SS not out. A 
Sievens 4 lor 48); Malaysia 165 lor e»am 
(55 overs) Group Two: Sokhufc 
USA 396 tor 4 <60 overs. K Khan 143 not 
oui. H Blackman 83. S SMmaram 66. K 
Lora* 50 not out): Israel 149 (40.5 overs. 
U Prabhudas 4 tor 34|. USA won try 247 
runs Nu n e ato n ; Papua New Gunea 184 
(51.2 overs. R lla 73 A Lena 43 . T Burgess 
4 lor 47k Bermuda 168 lor lour <50 overs. 
R Hdi 65. A R Menders 491 Bermuda won 
by six wins WeAesboume: Gibraltar 134 
(48 5 overs); The Netnenands 137 lor 2 
1 1 1 overs. S Aik arson 70 nol Oul. R Gomes 
41). The Neinenands won bv e»gm wkts. 
Kncvrte and Porridge: Fbi 87 (355 overs. 
B Gobet 6 lor it), Hong Kong 88 to; 3 
(3i.3 overs). Hong Hong won by seven 

ir9&s« r. PLdinns IE 1 
S Cram (Eng) 2 
(Era j). 3.14 22. 3 J Adunson 1V1SI. 35649 
a.OdOfli: 1 . T Brawn ruii. 7mm 49 9*sec 2. C 
Pen* .Eng) 7 Si 57. 3 J Eas*er |US). 7 S2*8. 
34100m staeptechaM: 1. I Hull (US), dirvn 
2395sec 2. t WeooafDum lEngi. B 30 00. 3 F 
Geroer |US) 830 lS 110m hurdles: I. J 
-F*fce i US 1 1< Msec 2. C Clara lUSl. 13.69: 
3. K Taney <USl. 13 *2. *OOM ItunUes; 1 D 
Hai«s<uS].49Z3$ec-2 NFageiUSl 4956: 
3. B HOUoway lUSk 49 66 Pole vault !. A 
Ashurw I Sate). S 20m: 2. D Inompsun 
Ifcewium). 5JO 3. J Guneedge (Wnnson 
5 jO Javelin: I 0 Otnev (Tei'oroi. 78 66m: 2. 
M (Leeoti. 76 82 3 R ©lidsiocl (ErttieMi 
7562 Hmn jump: 1 . J JacrwylUSi 225-m . 2 
<2 Parsers ILondont. 2 20. 3 F Anmed 
(Souihimoionl 2 15 4 x 100m raUr 1. 
Enniiic » 73sec 2. Unsec Swies % S3 4 1 
*00m relay: 1 England jmn 025*sec: 2. 
Uraieo 5iaies30S5s. 

WOMEN Irarnahon evems: Winners. 100m: P 
Bunr, iS.FPir.y di. 1 1 eBsec. 3DOm- M Cnac- 
maniA W *i363isac 600nr j Clara iUSl. 1mm 
82-et r JJOOtr. ► Wiaon i&iyoon) 2mm 
35 77sec Javahn: 1 . f Wniioieaa (Thurrock I. 
7! ’3m 

HENDON: Southern Counties women's 
cnampionalitp: Winners: 200m: H BameR 
iCrovoonj. 23 6sec 400m hurdles: V Lee 
(Wc-hmgi. 57 5v-vl Icnamp-Tfisnoi DeSII. 
800m: 0 Russell iCamtMioge Hamer SI. 2.6 * 
3JW0 metres: M Sarny (Bracknell!. 9306 
3.000m walk: B Alien IBr^mon). 14 15.7 
Long jump: M Berkeley (Crcyoou 60Bm 
Diecui: J Oahe* iCroiHonj *9 30m 
GOLD CUP: Round 2: lDuakl«is lor sram- 
ivubi At Chefcenfiam: 1 . Wmosor. 25* V pts. 
2 Gloucester ?«5'.-. 3 Hahnoocn 238'. AI 
Corny-. 1 Newham and Esses Beagles. 260V. 
2. Thames Valley Hamers. 238 - 3. Slake. 
227. *. Spa ran. H. 206' • Ai Luton: 1 . Norm 
London. 252: 2 luw 2*1. 3. Enhew, 225'.-.*. 
London 22*’.: 5 Hema HW, 218. Ai 
Wigan:! Ure.po.ji2G2 - 2.S«lheid.2*3.3. 
Non?-. 238: *. Leeds. 230'. - 
BIRMINGHAM: Davy Crest Mrttond womon s 
se-moi AAA cfiompmosJiips: 100m: V Waldo 
iBtfcnlnHdl 1 1 85sec 200m: V Wairw. 24.1 
400m: j Howeti |Ncms ACy. S*.*0 iihamron- 
snio best) 1500m: N Sabsom iBffrtrfwidi. 
4iran 25 8sec 3.000m: f Truman |N«ls ACl. 
id 13 0. i0*n hurdles: 5 Poswvjs iCannocfcv 

14 7 400m hutriec T Sucn (Brcnlieiai. 59 81 
Nigh lump: C Summertime (Bircniieidi. 1 S3m 
Javeta: A Locnon (Woraemampsion ana 
B*siom. 5128m Long pimp: S Sow* 
(B-rcnheUl 6*lnn (cnampionsifeC' Pesri Do- 
eus: h Puan i&rchlield) SI 2*m. Shot J 
Muikner iwolverranipion am) Boston). 

SWANSEA: Juraor HMeraattonat: Wmners.- 
Men: 100m: D Kmwi IGB). 10 B6 2C0m: 

P Goeokrc' iGB) 21 59 «O0rrr S Hawkins 
iGB) 52 8^ 400tn hurdles: J K.nsaUa (GBl. 
60 93 800m- C K.ioen (S*nzl 1 49 I* 1500m: 

J Boai-e? (GBl. 3 5146 110 m hurdles: D 
Nelson iGB) 1*29 3.000m steaplectiase: J 
HuriMl 1 GB 1 8 09.65 4 t 100m relay- Great 
Bniam. *C0* 4 * *00 relay: UB ana N 
Ireland 31069 Mmh pimpr P Henderson 
iC'ceamal. 222m Pol# Vault: S W«on 
I Oceania. 500m Long Jump: D Cubed 
(Oceania). 7 77m Tnple iuibr L Lynch I GBl. 

15 77m Shot: B Lardler lOcearaai. 17 23m. 
Hammer. S Carang lOcavuai 67 i*m Wom- 
en: 100m: J Boom 1 GB 1 1221 200m: H 
Oemems (GB) 2*2* BOOnc L Roomson 
(GBl. 2 5 37 1500m: S Barry r.Ocejraai. 
4:23 43 SjOOOnc P Mason (G6 l 92232 
100m hurdles: S Douglas (GB) 1* 37 4 x 
100m .GSl *5 76. 4 c 400 relay. Gieal 6ntam 
3*589. Long jump: S Rose iuB). SBlm 
Shot N Ganoueiian iSwiBl. 15.03m Docks: J 
Ancon 1 GBl. 50 34m, Javafcn: K Hrugn (GB). 
55 48m Match teott: 1. Great Bmarn, 
322pts. 2. Oceania 199: 3. Swsrenand '83 
JENA: East German championships: Win- 
ners: 400m hurdles: 1 Knjeqer. 50*8sec 
400m: M Seftersmd -15 19' 800m: H-J 
Mopai'e. 1 *655 Chmcus: J Sown. 6* 84m. 
20 Jup walk: H Gander I hr 25mr> 55sec High 
pimp; G VW-Mjg 2 30m SJMOnc H Kunze 
13 31 05 Women: 400m hurdles: S Bur-cn. 
53 85 400m: P Mueller. 50.67 800m: S 
Wooers. 1 S7 05 Long jump: H D'eensler. 
735m Discus: M Heamarm. 7i.01m 10km 
walk: I EsiedL 50min Ssec 


Amencan League: CWtion Tkws 8. Milwau- 
kee Brewers 5. Toromo Blue Javs 7. New 
York Yankees 4. Bos ion Red So« 7 Baltimore 
Onoies 3. Chicago While Sox *. Oakland 
Amtehrs V Minnesota Twins 7 . Kansas C*V 
Roya'5 2 Caktom^i Ano^s 9 CieveiancJ 
Indians 3. Texas Rangers 5. Seattle Maimers 
2 National League: New York Mali 5. 
Cmcajci Cubs 2. San Francisco Grants 5 
Cincinnati Reds 1. Montreal E*oos 3. Pmi- 
burgh Pvaies 2. apama Braves 5. San Dwgt- 
Padres 3. Heuwon Astros 6. Los Angeles 
Dogqers *. Phiadeiprua Ptvvies 7. Si unns 

TIME TRIALS: Weuai DC 1100 ndes): 1. G 
Longund lAmelope RTL 3hr 4imn 3* sec 
icou'se record! Team Antelope RT 1T57 29. 
South Stalls CA (lOO mdssi 1 . K Brsaiton 
(Slone WH) 4-14 *6. Team: Wotvertiampron 
WH 133720 IckmeM RC (50 mJesl I. I 
Cammrsh | Manchester WH| 1.49.17. Teem: 
Manchester WH 54549 Seamen 1 CC (50 
mvesi 1 . M He towed iBradiord WH). 1 5627. 
Team: Burton WH. 6 2139 MaMon Dtolriet 
ISO rrxlesV 1. R Snrtino (Leo RCl M SO Toam 
namaufl RC 6-2* 37. Clarencouil CC (lour-up. 
3! miles 1 I Pcoyiecnmc CC (S Barnes. P 
Benraan. P Oaiveis. A Rochlotdl. i.l£2i. 
Norwood Paragon CC (25 mdes): 1. P 
Hamnon (Wren WH). 5639 Team: Norwood 
Paragon CC 2:5921 Oxford City RC |25 
m*esV 1 . S House [Famborougn-Cambeney). 
5*26: Team: Chariot! ewe CC 25739. 
Victofra CC iBWennead. 25 mites): l. G 
Silvester iBrkemnead Nonh End|. 54 17: 
Team: Bxkenheu Ncmn End £52 18. Glen- 
dale CAC (25 rnitosr 1 . G Wharron (Nonmg- 
nam Canon) 53*7: TaodK Noumgham 
Clarion 2:5056 Unity CC (25 mries): 1. M 
Oouei (Mantra: 51 er WHi 55 2.. Team Cres- 
cemCC. 3-256 vCFt«ePrex*t25mitesM.D 
Cara e jvtta Easi) 58-25. Rou on Wye 
Orsmct (25 miles) 1. D Rogers (PoMocnmc 
CCi 58 9 Taanr. Cwmaun Paragon 3:237 
Bristol RC (30 nkteal 1. W Howells (Cpnnmufn 
CCi inr Bmn 2Ssec. Team: Connraum. 
J3* 15 Border Cdy WH |100 miiesi l. M 
Wesimonanc (Bcvoer City ) *hr 22mm 4 tsed 
Team: Border City 

ROAD RACES: Grove Copyright OP (75 
phWsi. 1 . S Rosa iCtrvsmry C>ymoc)3iM Dmm 
32:-ec Team: Coventry Olympic. 13 pts 
Bradgate RCi&Omiiesl i PAve (South Yorks 
FtCi 2m 25mm 3*sec- MotMut Memorial (48 
mtes). 1. J Mason (Beiper SC) 15215 
Bawdon Council (Women. Southend County 
WH *2 nmes 1 1 . L Brvmam (Ravensmcrpe 
CCi 1 «> 57 rran 2 . l Jones (Cnamwood CRCl 
ai Inwi i3sec. a C Newman (Crabwood CC). 
at run «vneei 


THRUXTON: Atlantic Cornputara/Broofcfands 
meeting.- HFSCC 365 hmortc grand pro 
ehampmnslap OO OpsY. 1. J Bmxbey 
(Biaonam BTI0) 90 62 mpn Fastest Up: 
Bnrdey. 1mm 3isecs. 9320mpn HFSCC 
pne-71 single-seater champmmMp (10 laps): 
1 J Fcusion (McLaren M19). i3rrans 21. 7sec. 
195 79mpn Fastest tej r Foutston 1 17 8. 
109 Oimph. HFSCC AHarac computers iwo- 
btrtGT champiartship (lOtepsj: 1.5 Hadheid 
(Citron B 61 . 14 125 . 99 *9mpn 
NUREMBERG: Intometionsl 

champwnsnip: TMid round: 1 . K Ludwto (WG , 
Porsche 956). 1 nr 7 mm 0 36 sec. 2. E 
Cheever (US. Jaguar XjR-6). 107 8.03- 3. D 
Warwick (GB Jaguar XJP-Gl one tap oehnw. 
4. F Jeimski (WG. Porsche 962 Cl. two laps 
Pe-nmo. 5 J Weaver iGB. Porsche 962 O. two 
Ups Pehnd World Cnamoonsrvp standmgs. 
equal I. h-J Siucr (WGi and D Bel (GB). » 
pts. 3. E Cneever (US). 35. 4 DWftrwck (GBL 
32. 5. O Larraurr (Argi end J Pareja (Sp). 26. 


ALTCAR: Lancashire oll-comeQ 1 

•top: IBS Hornsey. 315/23. 2. P O I 
316-2& 3. R J Brnmiey. 3ia. Lenceshue 
Closed Championship: 1 DG Booth 314 2 D 
B Lumpy 3l2 3 D G voting. 311. Grand 
Aggrogaio: 1 Hornsey 291 i J E Scotte. 
282. 3. Young 288. 


CHAP FRONT: SuMMto race: 1 T Siedman 
ilLulon uidi. X 00s. 2 R MaAows (ShaJies- 
rajry Hi 30 13 3 MPixKMnmiShartesDixy H). 
30 33 Veteran: M Bull (Aldershot and 
Fainnam) 3V.Q& Teans 1. ShaiteDuy H, 12 


READING REGATTA: Men * wmnera: Eights: 
Ente: Unc<n BC (U&1 Seraor A; Biown (Jrav 
(US) 2mm 20s ec Senior B. Betmont HD Sen 
(US) 3 2 20. Senior C: Si &hvard SOI. 1-^29. 
Fours: Senior A: Cored: Danmoulh CoU (US), 
ictn lengths. 2 37 Seraor A: Cojdetuc 
Prmcfton Univ (US) Senior a Coxed: 
Queers Dim. BeMau. ll. 2.«s. Seraor C: 
Cored- Lady Maigaret. Camtxidoe. '.-1. 238. 
Women Senior B: MaidenneadiMariow. II: 
3 40 Senior C: Ladv Eleanor Holies Sch. L(. 
3 17 Novice: Reading RC 31: 3 37 Pairs: 
Elite Coxless: Belmont hd Sen (US). 3.04. 
Sculls: SennrC: RC Wrtson (MaOHVtedl *1: 
3 10 Novice: L Hairs iCey 01 Oxloro). \.i; 
3 16 Bgtres: Novice: Sraplake Coll 1. 11,241. 



LONDON: Simmer league: Aragon 75. 
Pffater 83. BuOs 56. Galore 57 knights 6*. 
Ml Stars 61 Psaies 68. Gavon. 72. Bucks 58. 
AS Stars 62- 


EUR DP A CUP: Canoe stalonc Women: 
Ksysk: >. W Grange ifr) 2_ 13 Allan (GB( 3. E 
Snarman (GB). Merc Kayak: 1 . R Fo» (GBl. 2. 
R Weis5 1 US 1 3 A Ci/mjn. I’ug) Canadian 
Smgles: 1 r'HeamiuSl .2 j Lugtui|U9].3. R 
Demon n (l|i Canadian Doutttos: 1. T Saidi 
and E Pekey (Frl- 2. M Sunek and J Honan 
(Czl. 3. P Caion and J Calon (Frl 

CHRISTCURCH: International match: New 
Zaatwd 18 Frances 

SYDNEY; Tour match: New Scum Wales 30. 
Argentina 18 


COVENTRY: World chempm usto p . Oversows 
«nah 1 S E/moianko (USI. *0 pis 2. J 
DcrtcasieriGBl 1 2.3 NEvmsfGBI li.eaua) 
*. M Co< iGB) and C Morton iCBl. 1 D. eauai 6. 
M Sn«ra (NZ) ano x Tatum (GBL 9: 8. K Moran 
tUSl 9 9. S Bauer iAu»i. 7 
BRITISH LEAGUE: CraClev *7 (E Gundersen 
12 . j Peoersen 10) ipswien 31 ( J Doncaster 
12 . P Woods 7i Golden helmet J Doncaster 
(ips«v*> b\ E Gunderson ( nraaei I 
BRITISH LEAGUE CUP: king 5 Lynn *0 (B 10 . M Simmons 9). Wohremamplon 
38 (S Ermolenho lay. Bradford 35 (S Wtoo 10. 
N Eiitrs 9l. Coventry «3 Ik Tatum 12. T 
knuosen 1 1 ). Svmnoon 52 |P Crump 1 2. m Ccv 
11. K Niemi 9i. Bete Vue 26 |P CoUme 7. C 

MuHOr 7 1 

NATIONAL LEAGUE: canterbury 35 <D MuRefl 
10 S Bryenmn 71. M*1on Keynes *2 (T Banks 
U M Carted 81 

KNOCK -OUT CUP: Second round, fra tog: 
Berwck 5b (5 Finch It. S McDermott ifi. 
Newcastle 28 (D Morton 12). 



Essex can rest easy 

Essev's knack of winning 
iheir matches has given them a 
clear (cad at Lhe head of lhe 
Britannic Assurance counts’ 
championship, and as they lake 
a breather, the knot of three in 
the chasing group, formed by 
*, Nottinghamshire, Hampshire 
** and Yorkshire, where only three 
poims separate ihem from the 
leaders, will be at full stretch 
r Pcier Marson writes). 

These three counties arc look- 
ing 10 close a gap of 3(k>dd 
poin!s with a fourth vicimy in 
their tenth match, but they all 
must ha*- c fell a shade frustrated 
noi having made a better 
show on Saturday. 

Thai. L'cnainly. seems likely 
% K , j, jvc been the case at Grace 
p -uj uhcrc .Nottinghamsiure 
wr.\ thcK-si pan of a day in lhe, 
fic'd US Leice'.tif^hire made 376 
S r tour before declanng. 

• - ■ Worcester. 

mg. un> 

Ai New 


Nicholas won the toss and hao 
good reason to feel confident 
that Hampshire would make a 
decern pile of runs on a good 
pitch against Worcestershire. 
Yet, Newport took five for 52. 
and Pridgeon. three for 46, with 
Hampshire stuttering to 158. 
Mind you. Worcestershire were 
made to struggle, loo. at the 

Saturday’s scores 

Britenric Assurance 
County ChampionsMp 
WtSTOLGIoucastarehn JWng« 
56): Storey 1«9 tor 8 (A J Swwan 65 n« 

JJASTWOSj Sussex 283 tor 9 dec ifcnran 
Kira 59. A M Green 55); Noonans 22 tor 

Letcastorshtre 376 tor -4 dec 
U J VW fctafcer 200 ncx out, P VWtoy 1l9fc 
"°®"flt«nietilro S far 1 . 
t^OT»OOL: L^icaslwie 94; Dartysrtre 
T7Z ** 3 (B RofaerB 52 not owl 

277 (H Stonte 
M PMaynanJ 52; T M 


Splendid effort 
from five 
British riders 

Five British riders gave a 
great boost to speedway in this 
country yesterday when they 
reached the Inter Continental 
final of the world individual 
championship at the Overseas 
final at Coventry (Keith 
Macklin writes). 

Nine riders flaalified. The five 

Britons were Jeremy Doncaster 
( Ipswich L Neil Evicts < Brad- 
ford). Marvyn CtXK (Oxford), 
Chris Morton (Belle Voe) and 
Kelvin Tatum (Coventry). 

The Overseas championship 
went to Sam Ermolenko. the 
American who rides for Wolver- 
hampton- Ermolenko was 
beaten only once hi recording 14 
points. Doncaster came second 
with 12 and Evitts third with 11. 
The achievement of the British 
riders was considerable after a 
disappointing season- 

The final takes place at 
Bradford on July 20- 


Insinuating Mexicans 

By John Watson 

Alex Ebcid’s combination. 
The Falcons, won lhe Warwick- 
shire Cup (sponsored by the 
Dorchester Hotel) with an 8-6 
viclory over Souihfield at 
Cirencester Park, Gloucester- 
shire. yesterday. 

Both teams aggregated 21- 
goal handicaps. Southfield /un- 
der their allcmauve title. The 
Ccnwurs) won the trophy in 
1985. the only change in their 
line-up yesterday, being that 
John Yeoman played one in 
place of his brother. David. It 
remains a very formidable 
squad, excellently mounted 
from the stables of David 
Jamison and lhe Yeoman broth- 

Considering the Falcons arc 
effectively a three-man team 
tEbeid is but of hi* class in high- 
goal polo), it was a special 
triumph for the side's Mexican 
brothers. Carlos Grarida and 
Jesus Baei who with an impres- 
sive mutual understanding gal- 

loped and wriggled their way 
repeatedly through the South- 
field defences, it was also of the 
greatest significance that five of 
Gracida’s seven goals were from 
penalty shots. 

In the evening match, the 
final of the Bathurst Cup. 
Kcnnclot Stables defeated Los 
Locos by 8-?. This level-pegging 
contest was also marked by a 
four versus three situation, since 
Kcnnelot's pairon. playing off a 
One handicap, was virtually 
unable to contribute 
Conversely. Los Locos, 
mounted from Claire and Si- 
mon Tomlinson's magnificent 
string of ponies, all played well 
UP 10 lhe high-goal standard. 

Faieeiwj 1 . M Brown (4); 2 . j aae Z 3_ c 

Grama (10): 4. A Ebetf (l|. 

Southttofcfc 1. J Yscmsn (1): 2. A lUnt (Bt: 
3. G Rmenan (9): 4. D Jamison (3). 
Kennetot Stables: 1 . H da Kwiaikowskl 
IT*. 2. W Scherer (4); 3. H Htpwood (9j. 
BACK. OEte (5). 

L04 Locos: 1. S Tomlinson (4 Y 2. G 
Ftoiugiw jfi): a, C Tomtotson (-1). Back, s 
Macare (7). 


Wallace gears 
up for the 
Lotus finale 

Zandvoort — In the most 
exci 1 1 ng race of the season 
yesterday. Britain’s Andy Wal- 
lace drew further ahead in his 
quest for the Lotus British S3 
championship at Zandvoort (a 
Special Correspondent writes). 
Wallace started from lhe front 

row of the grid, having taken his 
sixth pole position of the season. 
A mistake by Wallace's main 
rival, the Brazilian. Mauri zio 
Sandro Said, promoted Britain's 

Julian Bailey into the lead ofan 
S3 race for the first time. 
Graham Hill's son. Damon, was 
second at one stage but dropped 
away with a half spin. 

Wallace now leads the 
championship wiih 70 points to 
SaJa's 66- but the struggle is Gr 
from over. There are still seven 
races to be run. 

RESULTS; 1 . A Wallace (Reynard 863L 30 
mn 22.68sec (i59S65mprti. 2. M S Sata 

S ialt RT 30/851. 30-25 64. 3. j Batov (Rah 
T 30/86). 30£6£6 sac 

UTILE ASTON- IMtemf anunaur Chump •on- 
amp: Final scores: 269: 0 woisienruvna 1 
won arte' oiayorti. M wnanon-Partnsi 2stt J 
Cook . j fi«*rexsn 39i f verwav R Muictoll. 
HALMSTAO. Sweden: bnamabonal match: 
BnUinand ireiana 01 Resl 01 Europe U'.-S'.-. 
Foursomes: J undpeta iSwei ana J van oe 
veloe (Fra I w D GiJlora ana P McEvoy 
(Engiana* S ana •>. J ana J Pamew* 

(S«vel IF 0 Ciarv (Eng) ana C Montgomery 
(Seen 2 and 1 P Be** tEngv ana G 
McGimpsev iitei Dt D SVva (Pom ana c Haram 
[S*vei 3 8 ic 2 E Vaianaa (Fm ana 0 Norte 
iNeiti: ei C Broow- (Eng) ana P Mayo (Wales) 
2 ana 1 Singles: Paine rt. ana CuPy all 
SQUBre. Rvs'iom M 0 Camck iSron 4 ana 2. 
McEvoy 01 Silva 3 ana 2. Gurord 01 Norte 3 
and 1. MITO1BWB t* LnrQDerg S anfl 4; 
Mayo o< yan'oe VMe. one up ualmaa bl 
e-.»s 6 ana S. Haram pi Bake' S ana * 
ABERDOVV: Welsh women's open strolls 
play ehampaonsne: Feral seems: 223: H 
Waaiwortn 6*5 tj 8 a 225: K HamOge 77. 76 . 
72: S Moo'crort 71. 77. F7 227: M Rawtoins 
77 73. 77. L Isiwvrooo T2. 7*. SI 22S: J 
CoAngnam 7a. rs. 78 23ft T Hammond 77. 
7*. 79. C HduKir 75. 77. 


HANOVER: mrtn DuneHly: 1. M Grass (WGL 
1 nvn 56 2* Mt (iM>na recorai 


ALDERlEY. Cnesrtse: LTA VoBavAgen rat- 
ing* ioumamene Men's feral: M Bimeow 01 L 
Davies 6-3. 6-2 Woman's Feral: K Tytef di S 
Mowa'c 6-1 8-1 

MIDDLETON: LTA Volkswagen ratings tour- 
nament Men's finaL- M Reeves W A Snstn 6 - 
3. 6-0 Woman's Anal: F Couipnge M L Tear 7- 
5 6-4 



WLUNCHY. Count/ Down: 125a wona 
tfiampwnshrtr SevwAi round.' Fntl race: 1. 
P Wenhcet?! ihn Cagivai 46mns 36j30tec. 
47J«mgn 2. Jaw *wr oen Bert. (N«h. 

Yonranai. 46-44 o 4 7 Pinion 3. BOODvMOOie 
(US Sulukil *7 50 <6 90mpn * D St-jbot 
fietrt. Caa>'a)47 8 0 46 85mpn. 5 A Barou 
(ii Bene n. *7.1*20. 46 75mpn. 6. I 
veto wen (fin. HonJal. *7.26 00. *fi55mpn. 
Setona race: 1. M xouki (Fm. Vamanai. 
*6538 *? (tenon. 3. Slnjoeos *7i50D. 
*6.73mt* 3 M Comm tn. Cagr4l *7 19.80. 
*665mpn 4 . Alan Lrwinr (ivG. Sumkn. 
4727 20. 4653mpn. 5 venwonen *7 352. 
46 *0eiph, 6. Yertkonel 47 50 H) 46 1 Srr^jn 
Overall wtoMf: 1. Sm*oo- 2. P Vet* one’. 3. 
Kw*t StanSnsK 1. 18?W6. 2. P 

Vertkoncl 106:3. J van Ofin Barb. 174 *. M 
Cortot*. 167. 5. M Kouln. 146. 6. A Panto!* 
(Fm) 114.7 ( Varthonen, 1 1«: 8, A Beroui. 93. 
9. A Lejouns (WGl 71. 10 P Kovr (Cz). *9 

MORGAN CUP RACE: Classea 1 and 2: 1. 
Manonetle (C Duf'nmgj 3*07 55. 2. Gnftm 
Savings Cemie). 34 1520. 3 1009* 
I Porter Morrell and Cook i. 34-2227 Class* 
Ftoumn |R Heoaerl 32*6 18- r. Jeeooee (S 

JMWftl 3351 *9- 3. KM tD Barham). 
330050 Class tc 1 Sonstone fT and v 
Jacttt-nj 11 05 09. 2. Sareoones (D Ed- 
hm/O-i 31 51 31: 3. Lion (A Cannen). 
3154J1 CtassasSanaE; 1. Soert W Taramn 
IRNiAi 36 23 58 2. Spirt (Sooika and 
Sawaidi 36 39 38: 3 Humcamree (B Sonsl. 
35-56*3 ChanntiHandKRiri RaDWeipyser 
i Aicn^ri 5a 07 39. 2. Two tOI Tea I Dr BauHl 

^ True *® fl * anr * a Sa*n9l- 

TOROUAY: Yactiting Monthly Trtsngto: 
Crass naven io Torqoay: Ovtrall cameled 
tenes- » Cpr.sra™ ul Lytwngujn \ R BlYBflt 
r , lw f’ SL t Pfeedorr. fignt |j Oaketr/R 
Oaketey)- 3. Samaxi ol Si Hefccr im Pnce/P 
Crarni) Overall (twee togat Ctsss t OvermH 
ElapsM Terra: 1. Barra fuda (M Saator/P 
Fool. OversH ConeCMd tune: 1. Black Adder 
IC Ji«w;R Gitensladel Class 1 Ovarati 
Bapsed and Cometed Time: 1 . Constance 
of Lyimngion. Claas 4: Overall EtoMMTbK: 
I. T4H (D SHnp5on/P Jeffrey) QwaiaD 
ConartM Team: Freedom Fftnm. Ctasa & 
Overall Etopaed and Ccnaetad Time: Samaw 
rtSiHe&er Muto-HuaCtoes: Overall Bapaed 
and Corrected Tune: Tnple Fames* (P 
HopjB/V Ctrerryj 





Pernfors can put Becker in spin Terribl y 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

A dry Wimbledon is usually 
a good one. That has certainly 
ban true this year. Two 
obvious effects have con- 
cerned bounce and pace. The 
bounce is always more consis- 
tent when the courts arc dry 
rather than damp and slick 

it has also been gratifying - 
for everyone except the 
ground sta ff and players total- 
ly committed to the “big 
game” — to observe the 
spreading beige of worn 
courts. When the wp begins to 
go. the ball takes a better grip 
because of the additional fric- 
tion. Ask any spin bowler. 
Another consequence of the 
dry courts is that most players 
have less difficulty than usual 
in staying on their feet. 

But for all this, would such 
charming tacticians as Milo- 
slav Mecir and Mikael Pem- 
fors have advanced to the last 
16? Would Ramesh Krish- 
nan's fluent shot-making have 
been so effective? Thank 
goodness all three are stjll 
there to entertain us. And in 
the women's event. Raffaefla 
Reggi and Isabelle Demongeot 
have time to play better tennis 
than grass courts usually allow 

The problem with the 
fourth round, as with every 
preceding round, is that one 
cannot be in two places at 
once. Eric Jelen v Krishnan. 
Mecir v Brad Gilbert, Pernfors 
v Boris Becker, Pat Cash v 
Mats Wifander and Kathy 
Jordan v Chris Lloyd are 
matches that promise feasts of 
tennis, liberally spiced with 
drama. There are German 
1 colleagues who expect Jelen to 
last longer than Becker and 
they may be right 

Becker faltered briefly on 
Saturday when losing the third 
set to Paul McNamec. whose 
mind is as nimble as his feet 
McNamec thought “Becker 
was rattled" - that the stress 
of defending the title was 
affecting him. Becker ex- 
plained that for a few games he 
had been inhibited by a trou- 
blesome Achilles tendon. But 
he added: “Last year I came 
• here as a nobody. This time 1 
came as defending champion. 
It's much harder. Today [ 
could not find a rhythm with 
my returns, so I became 
nervous. I had to try every- 
thing. I had to fight so hard. So 
I became emotional." 

Becker's next opponent 

Pernfors. beat him in the 
French championships, on a* 
much slower surface. One 
could read all kinds of things 
into the fact that Pernfors, in 
his first year of professional 
tennis, should shortly break 
into the top 10. 

It was a joy to see such 
imeresiing players as Mecir 
and Henri Leconte in action 
on adjacent courts. Both won: 
Mecir against the fifth seed, 
Stefan Edberg. Mecir likes 
playing Swedes. In Hamburg 
Iasi Year “The . Big Cat” so 
bamboozled Joakim Nystrom, 
Wilander and Henrik Sund- 
strom ihai at times the crowd 
roared with laughter as the 
Swedes almost knotted their 
legs. On Saturday. Mecir's 
serving was good enough to 
expose what had always 
seemed likely to be Edberg's 
Wimbledon weakness — ser- 
vice returns. 

The paradox about the 
modern Wimbledon seeding 
system is that it rewards 
players for their performances 
on surfaces other than grass. 
So we should not be surprised 
that, of the players seeded to 
reach the last 16 of each 
singles event, only seven men 
and nine women have accom- 
plished the feat. The seeds 
beaten on Saturday^ were 
Edberg and Claudia Kohde- 
Kilsch. who lost five of her 
eight service games against 
Miss Reggi. Even among the 
advancing Germans, there are 
sporadic outbursts of dif- 

When the championships 
began, it was suggested that 
five men and four women had 
some sort of chance. Each 
short list has been reduced by 
one, leaving Ivan Lendl Tim 
Mayotte, Becker, Leconte. 
Martina Navratilova. Chris 
Lloyd and Hana Mandlikova 
to justify or confound one's 

In the men’s event an 
extraordinary dark horse has 
emerged: Cash, aged 21. who 
advanced to (he Wimbledon 
and United States semi-finals 
in 1984 but then had enduring 
problems with his health, lost 
confidence, and — four weeks 
ago — had his appendix out at 
a time when he was also 
learning ihc knack of getting 
up in the night to change 
nappies. But he is beginning to 
look like the Cash of two years 
ago. “It's a big surprise that 

— were 

Hooray Henri: Leconte, the flamboyant Frenchman, during his occasionally out-of-touch, 
often clownish, and Anally brilliant victory over Greg Holmes (Photograph: Chris Smith) 

I've got this far.” he says, “but 
now I have done, there is no 
reason why 1 shouldn't go 
farther.” One merely wonders 
how he will take the strain of a 
five-set match, assuming he 
has to play one. 

This half-term report would 
not be complete without some 
reference to last week's evi- 
dence that to some extent the 
traditional pleasures of the 
championships have been 
compromised in the pursuit of 

wealth. Wimbledon is roomier 
than ti was a decade ago and 
the range of relaxing counter- 
attractions available to the 
public are far greater. Those 
counter-attractions make 
money and most people are 
remarkably tolerant in making 
do without much tennis. At 
the same time they may 
reasonably feel that Wim- 
bledon's well-intentioned talk 
about maintaining traditions 
sounds rather hollow. The 
object of the exercise is play- 


(Seeded players n capitals) 

Men’s singles 

Holder B Becker (WG) " 
Third round 

H L£COWTE(FrJ H G Holmes (US). 64. S- 

M Meor (Cz) bt S EDBERG (Swa). 6-4. 6- 

4. 6- 4 

U PERNFORS (Swe) M S GommaSvo 
(US). 2-6. 6-4, 6-3. 6-1. 

B BEGKER^WGl bt P McNamae (Aus). 6- 

B GILBERT (US) b» M Srejbtr (Cz). 7-5. 6- 

7. 6- 3. 6-3. 

M WILANDER (Swe) bt M Kretzmarm 
(Aus). 6-4, 6-4, 2-6. 6-1. 
PdasjhjAu$)btJ Lapdus (US). &-1. (M.6- 

J Bl No^waW^Aus)te W Mesur (Aus). 7-6. 

Women’s singles 

Holder. Miss M Navratilova 

Third round 

KtowyJUS). 6-0. 6-2. 

Miss K JORDAN (US) bt Mss M Gurney 
(US). 6-4. 6-1. 

Mss H SUKOVA <C» M Mas A L Mmter 
(Aus), 6-1. 6-4. 

Mss R M White (US) bt Miss A E Hobbs 
(GB). 6-4. 6-2. 

Mss B Nageteen (US) bt Mss K Maleeva 
(But). 6-4T6-1. 

Mrs J M Lloyd (US) bt Mss E K Horvath 

Mss R Reggi pn bt Miss c KOHOE- 
KILSCH (Wa.fiU. 6-1. 

Mtss M MALEEVA (Bid) bt Mrs P D Smyfca 
(Aus). 7-6. 6-1- 

Mtss I Demongeot (Fr) bt Mtss T Rwtps 

Mss L M McNe* (US) bt Mtss E Burg* 

K m. 6-2. 

K BASSETT (Can) U Mtss M C 
CaJfesj IFrt. 6-4. S2. 

MfcsG SABATINI (Arg) bt Mss B S 
Gerken(US). 6-2. 6-1. 

Miss h mandlikova (Cz) m Mtss I 
Butter ova (Cz). 6-2. 6-0. 

Mrs C M 8alestrat (Aus) bt Mss J M Durle 
|GB). 5-7. 6-3. 6-2. 

Mtss C UNDQVtST (Svrt) bt Mtss E A 
Winter (Aus). 66- 7-6. 6-3. 

Mtss S Bunge (WG) bt Mss P A Fenc&ek 
(US). 6-2. 6-3. 

Men’s doubles 

Holders: H Gunthardt (Switz) 
and B Taroczy (Hung) 

First round 

0 The Mtomng first round results were 

recaved too ute tor Muskm « 

Saturdays eady editions. 

(Aus) bt A Mansdort (i$r) and S Pertoss 
{bn. &4. 6-2.46. &>. 6-4 

J B FITZGERALD <Aus| and T SMffJ (CzJ 
bt N Brown (GB) and J R Smtti (GB). 6- 
4 . 6 - 3 . 6 - 4 . 

jSweJW G Uua(tt) and G Tiber# (Arg). 

P CASH (Aus) and K CURREN (US) bt E 
EttoiaruJSA) and F Gonzales (Para). 6- 

D Campos (BR and C Krrmayr (Br) bt S E 
DAWS (US) and D PATE (US). M. 6-7. 
M. 7-5. 

RENS8URG (SA) bt P Carisson (Swe) 
and J B Svansson (Swe). 7-6, 7-5. 6-3. 

Second round 

K FLACH (US) and R SEGUSO (US) bt J 
Gimarsson (Swe) and M Mortensen 
(Den). 5-7. 63. 7-6. 4-6. 6-3. 

(Swe) bt J C Knek tUS) and J M Lloyd 
(GB). 6-3. 3-6. 63. 6-4. 

P CASH (Aus) wxl K CURREN (US) M L R 
Bkxane (US) and R J 5*rrpsan(NZ), 6-4. 
6-3. 6-2. 

RENSBURG (SA) bt P Chambertn (US) 
Klaparda (US). 36; S3. 6-7. 6-4. 

First round 

0 The following first round 
results were rec&eved too late 
for inclusion in yesterday 's 
early editions. 

Mtss C S REYNOLDS (US) and Miss A E 
SMITH (US) bt Mss A B Henndason 
JUS) and Mbs C Jotissamt (Swttz), 66. 

Mas E Reinadi (SA) and Mtss M Ratiadt 
(5A) Of MSS J M CURIE (GB) and Mias 
A E HOBBS (GB). 6-4.46. 13-11. 

Second round 

Mtsa C S REYNOLDS (US) and Abes A E 
SMITH (US) bt Mtss M Undstrom (Swe) 
and Mss P G Smith (US). 7-6. 6-4. 6-4. 
Mss Z L Gamson (US) and Mss K Rtnakfi 
"** ’ “ "landMiss 

Britons need to 
take firm grip 

By David Powell 


. . Miss J A 
bt Mrs G R Dingwall 
Short (US). 6-3. 6-7. 


6 - 


6- 3. 

K Evemdsn (NZ) and C Hooper (US) bl 
Grarnrnatva(US) and G Holmes (US). 

3l 6-4. 7-6. 

C Steyn (SA) and D T Vrsser (SA) bt O 
Got^os (Br) and C Kirmayr(Br). 64. 8- 

D Graham (Aus) and K Richter (US) bt T E 
GtMkson and T R GulKson (US). 7-6. 

7- 6. 7-6. 

J HLASEK (Switz) and P SLOZJL (Cz) M J 
Lozano (Max) and T Witsken (US). 7-6. 
7-6. 2-6. 6-3 

S CASAL iSp) and E SANCHEZ (Sp) lead 
D J Cartel (Aus) and M KratzmanntAus). 
3-6. 7-6. 6-4 (urtfat«5bed). 

B Dyke f Aus) and WMasurf Aus) JmwiwiDj 
(Cz). 7-6. 6-7. 4-4 (unfinished). 

0 The toBowng results non racettred too 
late lor nefusaw m Saturday s early 

M Schapers (Noth) and M WWxflorde 
(Aus) bt A N Castle (GB) and J M Turner 
(GB) 7-6. 7-5. 6-4. 

bt A Ammrai (mata) and V Amntrai 
(tncaa) 6-4. 6-4, 6 *. 

Women’s doubles 

Holders: Miss K Jordan (US) 
and Mrs P D Smylie (Aus) 

(Aus) and Mis 
6 - 2 . 

Miss H MANDLIKOVA (Cz) and Miss W M 
TURNBULL (Aus) bt Miss B S Gerken 
(US) and Miss D S Van Hensburg (SA). 
7-5. 7-6. 

Miss E Reinach and Miss M Remach (SA) 
bt Miss S Amrach (Fr) and Mss H A 
Ludtotf (US). 64. S-7. 6-3. 

Mrs P D SMYUE (Aus) and Miss C 
TANVIER (Fr) bt Miss A Banner (WG) 
and Mtss M Gurney (US). 6-2. 6-1. 

• The fodovnng first rtxnd results wore 
mcogved too tote for Mtsion at 
yesterday s early ettdons. 

Miss J M Byrne (Aus) and Mss G 
Thompson (Aus) bt Miss C Undqrtst 
(Swe) and Miss S V Wade (GB). 7-6. 6- 

Mss B Bunge (WG) and Miss C Ponwtch 

(WG1 bt Miss K Maleeva (BU) and Mies 
M Maleeva (BOO- «. 7-6. 6-3. 

H Shrtver (US) bt Miss N P D»as (Br) and 
Miss P S Medrado (Br). 6-3. 6-1. 

MOULTON (US) bt MSS A Hotikova 
(Cz) and Miss K Skronska-Bohm (Cz). 
6-0. 8-2. 

Mixed doubles 

Holders: P McNamoe (Aus) and 
Miss M Navratitova (US) 

First round 

M Tideman(Swe) and Mss L Field (Aus) bt 
C H Cox (US) and Mtss IV E w/wb (US). 

B O DrewMt (Aus) and Miss H Ketesi (Can) 
bt G Tftere (Arg) and Miss P Tarabn 
(Arg). 6-3. 62. 

N Ottoor (Mgena) and Mss C Ben iami n 

(US) M F OMcMtean (SA) and Miss B F 
Stove (NethL 60, 6-2. 

J D 

i (Noth). 60. 

Newcomtw (Aus) and Mas J 


(Seeded players m capitals) 

2 nn start on centre court and cotat one; 
12-30 pm start on other courts. 

CENTRE COURT: P Cash (Aus) v M 
(Can) iiMssK MANDLIKOVA (Cz): I 
LENDL (Cz) v M W Anger (US). 

v Mss I Demongeot (Fr); Miss K JORDAN 
(US) v Mrs J mTlOYD lUS): T MAYOTTE 

(US) v E Edwards (SA* J Nystrom 

tYKamfer (Swe) v W FfBAK (Pol) 

and M 
and G 

iSwei v B BECKER (WG): Miss K JORDAN 
and Miss A A MOULTON (US) v Miss H 

COURT THREE Mss B Bunge (WG) v 
Miss M MALEEVA (Bud; Miss 8 Nageteen 
(US) V Miss I M McNe* (USh E Jelen (WG) 
« fl Knshnait (((Kft 0 C Fetoas (GB) and 
M«s C Sure (Fr) v 5 E DAVtSand Mss B 

COURT FOWL D G Felgare and S M 5haw 
(Aust Miss A M Fernandez (US) and Miss 
J A Richantoon (NZ) V Mss P A Fro* 
(US) and Miss J M HettwSgton (Can); B 
(Me and IV Masur (Aus) v J 6 RTZ- 
GERALD (Aus) and T SM1D (Cz) to ftteh; 
SHRIVER (US) v M«s E Remach and Mss 
F Remach (SAJ. 

COURT FtVE: Junior boys’ match: G 
Slew and D I Vbser (SA); M R 
EDMONDSON (Aus) and Mss A £ 
H068S (GB) * S M Shaw (GB) and Miss J 
C Kaplan (US). Jinor boys’ and girts’ 

COURT SIX; Mias S L Coftns ft® and 
Miss Y Vemraak (SA) v Mrs P D SMYUE 
lAua) and Miss C TANVTER (Fr). M Daws 
(US) and B D Drewen (Aus) v M Schapers 

(Netfr) and M Wbodtada (AusC Mas B 

Bunae and Miss C Ponrfc (WG) v Mtss E 

,tSA) Jumor boys- match: C J VAN 
BENWERG (SAj and Mss R D 

- FA1RHANK (SAJ v T R GutRkson (US) and 
Miss M Maleeva (Boo. 

- COURT SEVEN: Mss G A Rush (US) end 
MS* J C Bussed (US) v Mtss Z L 
GAHfiiSON and Mas K Rinaldi {USfc 

Miss J A Mundel ISA) and Mtss M van 
Nostrand (US) v Mtss C S REYNOLDS 
(US) and Mas a E SMITH (US); D Graham 
(US) end K fhchtor (US) * J HLASEK 
(Switz) and P SLOZtL (Cz) Junior boys’ 
match: P SL0Z1L (CD and Mtss C 
KOHOE-K1LSCH (WG) v R Acuna (Chile) 
and Miss J M Hethe nn giow iCan). 

COURT EKSHT: Jurvor boys’ and girts' 

COURT NINE: Junior boys and gets 

COURT TEN: Junior boys’ and »rts' 

COURT ELEVEN: Junor boys' and arts’ 

COURT TWELVE: Jumor boys' and girts' 

COURT THIRTEEN; C J van Rensbarg 
(SAJ v S ZivooncTvk; (Yug) Mes H 
SUKOVA (Cz) v Miss R M Write (US) S 
CASAL and E SANCHEZ (So) v D J Cahill 
and M Kratzmarm (Aus) to finish; Miss G 
FERNANDEZ (P Ricol and Miss R M 
WHITE (US) v Miss J M Byrne and Mns J 
G Thcmpsor (Aus) Junior girts' matches. 
GILBERT (US): Junor girls and toys' 

COURT FIFTEEN: Jumor boys' and gsttf 
and plate matche s. 

COURT SIXTEEN: Junior boys’ and gels' 
and plate matc hes. 

COURT SEVENTEEN: JtaHor boys' end 
ghfs and plan matches. 

Courts to be arranged: P McNAMEE (AuS) 
and Miss H MANDLIKOVA (Cz) v 6 
Graham and Miss E Buram (USk S 
Giammakra and Mte L M MdteH (US) v S 
Parides (Isrj and Miss M Remach (SAL M 
Daws and Mbs R M White (US) v M J 
BATES and Miss J M CURIE (GB); B 
Schultz (US) and Mtss G Fernandez (P 

Rico) vMMortonwn and Mtss TScheuw- 

Larsen (DenK A Amntrat (ind) and Miss M 

van Nosband (US| v e SANCHEZ (So) and 

Thompson (Aus) bt M Freeman (US) 
ana Mas Z L Garrison (US). *E. 6-4. 7- 

and Mtss E K Horvath (US). 7-5. 7-5. 

T C Fancutt (Aus) end Miss C S Reynolds 
(US) bi O K Dawd&on (Aus) end Mbs A 
N Croft (GB). 3-6, 7-5. 6-4. 

J w Feaver (GB) and Mbs S V Wade (GS) 
M R D Ralston (US) and Mtss C K 
Bassett (Gan). 6-1. 6-7. 6-4. 

J HLASEK (Swttz) and Mbs C 
JOUSSAINT (Svntzl bt G Layendecker 
(US) and Mbs P A Fendick (USL 4-6. 6- 
2. 6-3 

C M Dunk (US) and Miss M L Ptatek (US) 
bt K RJChter (US) and Mbs C D 
Coseiand (US)- 6-1. M. 

(USl bt B H Levme ISA) and Mas H A 
Lodotf <USl 8-S. 2-6. SO. 

T E GuflAson (US) and Mbs S E Mescann 
(US) M M Robertson (SA) and Miss E 
Retnach (SA), 6-3, 6-4. 

0 The fodneing first rtWtf rtWtfW new 
recereved too tor tnctuston n 
yesterday's early etSttoro. 

J Lozano (M®cj and Mss E A Herr ( US) U 
C OewdeSMBlI ((S) and Mias E Krapl 
(Swnz). 6 - 4 . 6 - 4 . 

P Doonan (Aus) and Mrs C M Baleatrat 
(Aus) bt K Evemden (NZ) and Mss B J 
Coizmll INZl 7-5l 7-6. 

J M LLOYD (G81 and Mas W M 
TURNBULL (Ats) bt R A Lewis (GB) 
and Mss SL Gamer (GB). fM. 62. 

L Wart» (Aus) and Mtss A L Momr (AuSI 
bt A Jordan (Cot) and MraGROrf^wai 
(Ausl 7-6. 6-4. 

RAJ Hewffi (SA) and Mas M E Wsrdel 
IUSI bt H A fiiteood (G8> and Mss L C 
Grade (GS). 6-2. 7-6. 

Key to countries 

Arg: Argenona: Aus: Australia; Beb Bet- 
oum: Br: Brazl; Bulgaria: Can 
Canada; Cot Colombia. Cs Czecho- 
stovakta: Den: Penmark; Be Ecuador. Fat; 
Finland; Ft; Franco: S& Great Bream; Gc 

Wimbledon is only half-way 
through bui already British 
thoughts have turned to team 
competition. The. 22 home 
representatives who contested 
the two main singles events 
have all been beaten, there are 
Davis Cup and Federation Cup 
matches to come next month, 
and two prominent figures in 
the British game said at the 
weekend that the players need lo 
be more positive. 

The greatest disappointment 
was Jo Durie who. in each of her 
three rounds, made an en- 
couraging start but allowed her 
opponent back into the match. 
Regina Marsikova, of Czecho- 
slovakia. and Nathalie 
Herrcman, of France, were un- 
able to take advantage but 
Dianne BaiestraL the Australian 
who is enjoying her best year 
since changing her name from 
Miss Fromhollz in 19 83, had 12 
years’ experience as a pro- 
fessional lo recognize Miss 
Dune’s doubt and win 5-7. 6-3, 
6-2 on Saturday. 

“She has got to stop being 
frightened of the ball,” Alan 
Jones. Miss Durie’s coach, said 
afterwards. “I know how good a 
player she can be. but she can’t 
refax. She gets too tense and 
then gets panicky and ends up 
being emotionally drained. As 
soon as she starts having some 
fun on court a lot of people are 
going to be surprised at what she 
can do." 

In 1983 Miss Durie reached 
the semi-finals of the French 
and United States Champion- 
ships and rose to No. 5 in the 
world by January. 1984. She had 
two indifferent years ' following 
the death of her father but. 

having fallen to 56th plaice last 
September, she has pulled her- 
self hack - up . to twentieth 
position. ' ■- 'l ; 

Sue Mappin.'the women’s 
national team manager, said it 
was “odd" that Miss Durie bad 
tried to take the pace off the ball 
against a weaker opponent. But 
more demoralizing, she said, 
had been the second-rdund de- 
feat of Sara. Goroer, who had 
held match point against Kristin 
Kinney, of the United Stares, for 
a' chance to pby Martina 
Navratilova. . 

While Miss Mappin named 
Miss Durie. Anne Hobbs and 
Annabel Croft to comprise her 
team for the Federation Cop. to 
be played in Prague from July 20 
to 27. Paul Hutchins, die men's 
team manager.’ makes an 
announcement’ today concern- 
ing Britain's quarter-final Davis 
Cup tie against Australia on 
Court One from July (8 to 20. 

John Lloyd, who for many 
years has .been Britain’s leading 
player among the men. was so 
disappointed by his first-round 
defeat against Cristo Steyn, of 
South Africa, that he said he 
thought he would be “more of a 
liability than a plus” in s&k 
for the tie. Castle's thrilling 
arrival on the scene, therefore, 
with his near- defoaf of the 
second seed, Mats Wilander, 
could hardly have been more 
timely. It will be interesting to 
see if Hutchins is bold enough to 
ramble with the un-tanked 
Briton's panache against what 
promises to be, on the strength 
of this Wimbledon, an Austra- 
lian team bound for the semi- 
finals. • • ' : . . 

Stokers who have fired 
Australian ambition 

By Richard Evans 

Miss b BL 

• (WG); S CASAL (S. . 
Mas R REGGI (W v l R Bourne and Miss 
A A Mutton (USL D J CatriO (Aus) and 


Ray Roffets and Sob Car- 
michael used tv play doables 
together. Afterwards they would 
share a beer or two and they did 
both quite a lot. There was time 
for both work and play in the 
early days of the pro tour and the 
Australians, beaded by the likes 
of Emerson, Laver, Newcombe 
aed Stolle. ensured that the two 
complementary activities be- 
came part of a ritual. It was die 
Aussie way. 

Neither Ruffels nor Car- 
michael could have (brseen, 
back In the early 1970s, that St 
would fall to them to pick up the 
cracked and neglected pieces of 
Australian tennis and restore 
some of its fading pride. 

It was not entirely doe to the 
efforts of Rnffeb and Car- 
michael that fire Australian 
players reached the tost 32 of the 
men's s in gl es at Wimbledon and 
that two of them, Pat Cash and 
John Fitzgerald, wiD be in action 
again today. 

Neale Fraser, the Davis Cep 


taty: (Cub Mv»m: Ueee Mormk N*te play Britain at Wimbledon at 

.... ihffl (Aus) 

Mtss J E Goocfnw (1/5) v M T FancwS 

(Aus) and Mtsa 0 uPtWer (USL T Wrtsten 

and Mas A M Fernandez (USJv J B 


P GASH (Aus) and K CURREN (US)vK 

Nmwrtands; Wt Now Zealand: 

Paraguay; Ptufc PWppMes: Pofc Pttana: 

Port: Portugal; P Pwrto Rico; ftont 
Romano.’ SA: South Atnca. S Ken S 
Korea; Spr Spam; Swe: Sweden; Mbs 
S witz er la n d; rank TheUan± Unc Uru- 
guay: us Unfed Stans; OSSfc Soviet 
KSk y«c Venezuela: W& West Ger- 
many; Yog: Yugoslavs; ZbreZomtam. 

two weeks* time, has played his 

part as have Syd Ball, another 
former player who helps Fitz- 
gerald, and Bob Brett who keeps 
Pavi McNamce in the kind of 

shape that the 31-yearold 
exhibited so entertainingly on 
" )«■'" 

the centre court against Boris 

But RnffcJs, as head coach, 
and Carmichael, who assisted 
him at the Australian Sports 
Institute in Canberra for a 
couple of years, have been in the 
‘engine room of this determined 
revival stoking away at the Gres 
of ambition that were is danger 
of being doused by the good life. 

Jn$t recently Carmichael, a 
one-time carpenter known as 
“Nail bags”, has been working 
with Mark Kratzman, the little 
left-hander who took a set off 
Mats WBander on Satmday. 

“Nails has workedreally hard 
and we are finally starting to see 
the benefits," Ruffels said as we 
munched on a barbecued sau- 
sage at a party John Newcombe 
threw at bis rented Wimbledon 
house over the weekend. “There 
was a hiatus in Mark's develop- 
ment. He came through Ntwk’s 
junior training scheme under 
Tony Roche and became world 
Junior champion. Then nothing 
happened for a couple of years. 
He had problems and didn't 
train properly. It's difficult to 
get going, again bat you mastaot. 
gire op. 

After a year of setf-dov M. 
Cash has proved the troth oC 
that philosophy.- His achiere- 

ments so far at WMledon hare 

been nothing less' than -heroic 


The Man’ and his' 

art of intimidation 

'* 1 

-w. - v 1 

Simon 1 



Barnes 1 

ing or watching tennis: and. 
there is not enough viewing 
space for the number of people 

Finally, a word of sympathy 
for ifre photographers, who 
may. be a little confused. 
Alongside the courts they have 
to keep still. But in the Press 
conference room a notice 
reads: “No Still Photo- 
grapherc.” If they took that 
literally. Press conferences 
would be a lot livlier. 

‘ WzmbledM. - mesas always 
harms to’sayynu'resorry. Step 
on totee bn» owsfda WdmMedon 
station asd acridcntaHy radge 
someone: “Sorry.’" Ease yow 
way past two people, arguing 
with the gatenmc . “Son?. 
Work year way through the 
Crowd In front of the centre court 
block, through the ooe-way sys- 
tem “Sorry. Some rode man 
shoalders his way past yow, 
knocking yon off balance, and 
you say: “SonryT Qaeee for 
drinks, for strawberries, for 
(daces where you car watch 
tennis: the ground is filled with 
the British , sn s nir ation. of apol- 
ogy: “Sorry!" ... 

If you are- extraordinarily 
tacky aed privileged, or end- 
lessly patient, you might get on. 
to one ot the show courts, and 
then pn can see the apologetic 
Britisher broug h t to its apothe- 
osfs m the pezson of the British 
tennis player. John- Lloyd finds 
himself two se t s ep: “Sony!" He 
makes amends fat the nay that 
only a British tennis player can 
and loses in five. 

Annabel Croft keeps finding 
herself the grant British hope. 
Everyone wants her. to win, 
especially marketing men, be- 
cause she Is so nice and so 
pretty. And so British: “S o rr y !" 
Out in the first ronad. deter- 
.nrinedfy wot crying this time. 

WtoUedoD b gradually los- 
ing ad its tra ditio n: the Mecca 
for tennb rate hastnrned Into n 
tented village of tmsmessn 
knocking back tax-deductible 
Moet. Wimbledon b not a gentle 
day pub cowfitionaon the path- 
ways are Dante mane Bat there 
is one great tradition chat re- 
mains absolutely rock solid: the 
losing Brit. " 

...Anne. Holds west out on 
Saturday hr straight sets, val- 
'tantiy saving four match points 
on the way, traditionally British 
her perfect performance of n 
, despahrfog and unfailing rear- 
guard action. Jo Dorie, a British 
tennis eccentric with a mind as 
steady as n jelly, in a heatwave, 
follows in the grand tra d ition of 
Virginia Wade, and on Saturday 
she piled oa tire agonies, rolling 
her eyes, staring at the heavens, 
calling bersetf terrible names, 
waking wOd gestures, and los- 
ing. She won. her first set — 
“Sony!” — and promptly lost 
the next two in aa agony of 
narrow squeaks and near 
misses. And (hat was the cad of 
the last of the Brits. 

It is the sort of thing tint 
always gets people wondering 
about the lack' of competitive 
instinct in die British tempera- 
ment. It iS( not tire British 
temperament: It to more specific 
than that. British tennis players 
aO seem m come from nice 
backgrounds, and aft seem to 
have been brought op to ase the 
magic word at every possible 
occasloa — : especially at 

Andrew Casde, with a fine 
fast round win and a five-set 
defeat from the No. 2 seed, 
aught just k; u exception. His 
pktnresqoe discomfort at borne 
and abroad (“Scorpions in tire 
shower, snakes round foe door 
and crocodiles in. tire swamp 
outside”) shew at least that be fa 
used to (rating life a&a scries of 
5 to 2 against. He comes across 
as self-reliant, and. above all, 
unapoiogetk. He to not from a 
traditional tennis playing back- 

— his ^tep- father is a 
lorry driver^! wonder— perhaps 
he co old be the one who finally 
breaks Wimbledon's last tra- 
dition. “Soncyr 

From Mitchell {teas. Moat* Orto 

at Shiooscock Hrftoearijer tins 

-Raymond B * fo ™^ 

SmS-BiSr 1 r, 

opposition- Raltesieros sewed i final 

Ballesteros stepped on to tiw ^und of 64 w win the £26J565 

fnsttreoa^MontA»elrou« SSprize 1 1 " aadef 
for the final round no toss than 265 which was wo 

strokes better thaati»i ofMark 
McNulty (67), of Zimbabwe. 
Cotmnans fell away 10 

^Baltemros immediately flew 
Pedrtra in nonnern 

By winning 

Walker Monte Cario Gpa 1 .^ 
on Saturday. Sevenano 
Ballesteros unquestronaWy 
emphasized the value of bemg 
intimidate toe 

five strokes behind Ron 
Coalmans, of the United States. 
There were 10 playen between 
him and the leader but wilhin 
three holes he had made up 

three shots. , n peotera in nunnon 

“It fijehtened «* 

— " ,a '* r nn ** C ° une ' before competing in foe French 

Open which will start in Pans cm 
Thursday. He to breaking hu 
own rule of nd® competing in 
more than four events in a row 
simply because he does not wish 
to lose the momentum with the 
Open championship at 
Turnberry less than three week; 

every player on the course, 
Michael .McLean, who even- 
tually finished joint thud. sa ~ 
“Once you see the name 5 
Ballesteros being pushed up the 
leader board, then you realize 
shat it is suddenly a different 
game - that Tbe man’ is making 
his move." L 

Two years ago Bernhard 
Langer, on the eve of Sang 
Ballesteros in . tbe Suntory 
World Match play champion- 
ship, pointed, to the psychologi- 
cal advantage of being a 
Ballesteros, capable of 
intimidating an opponent. 

At the time the West 
German's comments were mis- 
construed in so much as it 
appeared that he was voicing a 
personal vendetta against the 
manner in which Ballesteros 
could psyche out a rivaL ■ 

In truth, that is the case, 
though it should be clearly 
understood that Ballesteros does 
not over-step the mark. He 
simply raises a question mark 
among- his rivals merely by 
applying the pressure by virtue 
of his outstanding virtuosity. 

Jade Nicklaus posseses that 
ability, as he underlined at 
Augusta in April when he 
moved through the last nine 
holes of the US Masters in such 
astonishing fashion that, as 
Ballesteros dropped out. so Tom 
Kite -and Greg Norman were 
unable to respond to Nicfclaus’s 

Moreover. Raymond Floyd 
employed a reservoir of experi- 
ence to place doubt in the minds 
of such players as Bob Tway and 
Hal Sutton during the US Open 


Ballesteros said: “ft win be 
nice to spend some time at 
home. And I will also be there 
for the week before the Open, ft 
has been a difficult year for me, 
especially as mv father died 
before the season began, and I 
am surprised in some respects 
that 1 am enjoying such a good 
season." . 

Ballesteros has now won three 
tournaments in succession ami 
he is leading the Epson Order of 
Merit with £130.010. 

Meanwhile. Sandy Lyle, who 
finished joint 15th after another 
disappointing round, to taking 
the -next two weeks off before he 
defends the Open 
championship. / 

McNulty ISA). 68-63 63. 67. 26ft M 

72. 63. ®8. S 
70; G^Ca|Jltj_70. 67. 


69. 27ft F AHam 

66 ; R Commans (US) 66 . 

r. 74. *7i: j M Camara (Sp)7?. 67, 

70. 63; G Brand Snr KiB) 73. 66. 65. 67. 
272 M Roe (G8) 70. 68. 67. 67, C 1 



Drummond (GB) 69. 69. 66. 8ftB Snm 
1 65. 7a 68. 70; R StaNen (US) 68, 67, 



Just reward for Ajala 

By Philip Nkksan 

Halfway through the final of 
the .men's- light middleweight 
category at the British National 
Championships at Crystal Pal- 
ace on Saturday, the favourite, 
Manchester’s. Paul Sheals made 
an ill-considered attempt at a 
sacrifice,, throw, and paid the 
penalty. .... 

His opponent, Paul Ajala, saw 
an outstretched arm and sprang 
on to it, drawing ah instant 
submission. It was an un- 
expected reward after years of 
training by the 25-year-old 
Ajala. who had never won a 
major championship. 

The result has caused a head- 
ache for England team manager, 
Arthur Mapp. He has to decide 

this week on the two fighters in 
each weight category for the 
forthcoming Commonwealth 

At least the weekend con- 
firmed the fitness and sharpness 
of the middleweight. Ray Ste- 

RESULTS: Hw Bantam (Under-60hg): 1, 
O Lowry; 2. M Preston. Farth* (U-65): 1. 
M Bowmen z R StuHock. Light (U-71): 1, 
S Rawscfotr. 2. P VMnaoa tight miifcSa 
TO); 1, P A03U Z P Sheals. Middle (U- 
1. R Stevens: 2. P Bryan. Light heavy 
Sy 1. NKakotayto^, LRooke Heavy 
r-9ST t. M BowdHcrt; 2. S Palmer. 
reman: Bantam (U-48): 1 . A 
Monemoodahr. 2. E Bowtey. Fwrther JLI- 
52): 1.S Randle: ZCSrtiach LjgM|U-5»: 
L t Dcyto; 2, J Turner. Ugh t middle (U- 
81): 1. T Ouoc 2. H Oughton. Middle (U- 
66): 1. E Boyle 2, J Moms. Ught heavy 
0^72): 1, A Miney; 2. S CareerHainy (O- 
72y. J.S Bradshaw: 2. JStxnks. r 



( 11 . 0 , 100 


sImb: Old 


L0M7S: Middlesex v New Zaaiandara 
TAUNTON: Somerset v Mdans 

Brflannic Aesnranca 
Courty Championship 
(11.0, 110 overs mWmum unless 

BRISTOL: Gloucestsrehire v Surrey 
MAJOSTOtK: Kent v Glamorgan 
UVBt POOL: Lancashire v Derbystura 
LBCESTER: LwcestBrehre v Notts 
HASTI NGS: S ussex v Northamptonshire 
WORCESTER: WOccs v Hampshire 
HEADtNGLEY: Yortohto v Waiwicfcsttee 
(102 overs) • 

IOC TROPHY) CoMraS OC: BangMssli v 

Gibraltar v Israel 

Hong Kong; Smethwick OC: 
ds v Betmuda; Warwick CC: 


Stwrtaome Schoafc Dorset v BerksMre: 
Ch es ter M Street Durtram v CumOer- 
land; St Attkanm Hertfortstwo v Lsicotn- 
shire: Bridgnorth: Shropshire v 
BucWn^ramstwa; From* CC: Somersw B 


v Gkxjcestur- 
Lancashre v Not' 
Ingham School: 
Essex; The Owl: 

v Sussex 

BAIN DAWES TROPHY: Sheffield: York- 
stwe v Lecesterstum 
MATCH: Coffinghem: England v India 

ApOJETICS: Water Games (al Beltest) 
BOWLS: Women's international 

Batorton -—*»«"■ — 
Royal She- (a, 

JENNfifcA^Engtand championships (at 


LLonr, MHtbank. swi. 


Aim. Mm. C2 aq tuutr. WIN* 
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r; »r** W ... 

SJO Ceefax AM. 

K50 Breakfast Time with 
Debbte Greenwood and 
Nick Ross. Weather at 
8-55; regional news, 
wrattierand traffic at £57, 
. . JgJjJ-5T and 8JJ7; sport 
at 7.20 and 8.20; pop 
. music news at 7.32; Lynn 
Fautds Wood's consumer 
report at Bu3% a review of 

2S3?£35£Sr ra 

Grant s horoscopes. 

&20 Ceefax 1030 Play 

1-00 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and - 
Frances Coverdale, 
indudes news headlines 
with subtitles 135 
Regional news and 
weather. 130 Po stman 

1.45 wUSLdon 86. Harry 

Carpenter presents Centre 
and Number One Courts 
coverage of the seventh 

day of me Championships 
4.12 Re^onal news. 

4.15 Laurel and Hardy in a 
cartoon, They Take the 
Cake 430 Wacky Races. 
Cartoon 430 The Kids of 
Degrassi Street 
Adventures of a group of 
youngsters who five in 
Toronto, (r) 

455 John Craven's 

Nawsround 530 Blue 
Peter. A celebration of 

Simon Groom's and 

‘ Gokfle's eight years on the 
programme, featuring 
hignflghte of their various 
escapades. (Ceefax) 

535 Paddles Up. The first heat 
in a new series of the 
• - canoeing competition from 
the River Tryweryn, Bala. 
North Wales. The reigning 
champion, New Zealand's 
Donald Johnstone, faces 
competition from Great 
Britain, Ireland. West 
Germany and France. 

630 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Andrew Harvey. Weather. 
635 London Phis, presented 
by John Stapleton, Linda 
Mftdiell ana Carotine 

: 730 Wogan. Sun-kissed and 
. refreshed from Ms hols, 
Teny welcomes Jeffrey 
Archer, Dynasty star 
Pamela Beliwood, and 
England World Cup goal 
" scoring hero, Gary 

Lineker. Music is provided 
. by It Bites. 

, 735 The Rock V RoB Years. 
The first of a new series. 
1964 is under the 
microscope - the year in 
which Nelson Mandela 
went to prison and Mary 

. - . Wh 'rtehouse began her 
dean-up television 
campaign. Among those 
- prowling the musical 
memories are The Rolling 
Stones. Peter and Gordon, 
Dusty Springfield, and 
Peter, Paul and Mary. 

635 Ifs Your Move. American 
comedy series. 

830 Heirs Bella. Dean 

Makepeace is overjoyed 
by the cSscovery or what 
he thinks are the remains 
of the Cathedral's patron 
saint. St Winifred, but the 
Bjshgp is not convinced of. . 
their authenticity. Starring 
' Derek Nknmo and Robert 
Stephens. (Ceefax) 

930 News with Jriia Somervffle 
and John Humphrys. 

630 Panorama: Flying In the 
Face of Terror. Tom 
• Mangold reports on a new 
type of plastic explosive 
that is claimed to be able 
to evade detection from 
screening equipment at 
Britain's airports. Mangold 
also inspects airport 
security at Corfu and finds 
it'virtuafly non-existent 1 , 
(see Choice) 

10.10 Wimbledon 8 6. Desmond 

G^ttet^sai^OTon^e 5 
Centre and Number One 

11.10 Beethoven for Africa, 
introduced by Richard 
Baker. A Royal Gala 
concert from the Royal 
Albert Hail, in tin 
presence of the Duke and 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented by Anne 
Diamond and Henry Kelly. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombe at 630, 7.00. 
730, 8-00, 830 andiLoO; 
financial news at 635: 
sport at 6.40 and 745; 
exercises at 635 and 932; 
cartoon at 735; pop music 
at 7.55; Jimmy Greaves’s 
tBlevtoion htanfights at 
835; and, After Nine. 

Judy Laden; and Merm 
Thomas wtth the latest 
maternity wear designs. 

of Beethoven's Symphony 
No5 in c minor. 

1150 Weather. 

killings in Europe, 
uncovers an organisation 
that undertakes to murder 
anyone they moraKy 
condemn. Directed by 
Basil Dearden 1135 Home 
Cookery Club. Apple and 
Cheshire Flan, (n 

1130 About Britain. Anstalr 
Moffat visits Scotland's 
new Gallery of Modem 

1230 Alphabet Zoo. Nerys 

Hughes and Ralph McTen 
with the story of Katie the 
Koala Bear, (r) 12.10 Let's 
Pretend to the story of the 
Postman Who Wanted 
Some Post (r) 

1230 Feeflng Better? Maeve 
Robertson examines the 
service that can help 
recovery from heart 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 

130 Fttm: Payrafl* (1961) 
starring Michael Craig, 
Francoise Prevost and 
Biffie Whftelaw. Thrffler 
about a payrafl robbery in 
which the van driver is 
kitted. Directed by Sidney 
Hayers. 335 Thames 
news headlines 330 The 
Velma B oeh m . 

430 Alphabet Zoo. A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon series. (i)430 
SHe-Rm. Princess of 
Power. The first of a new 
series of animated 
science-fiction adventures 
4*45 Dramarama: The 
Captain Htt, by Peter 
Gnmwade. A science 
fiction story about a space 
age Robin Hood. (Oracle) 

5.15 Dm 1 rent Strokes. 

5.45 News 630 Thames news. 

635 What it’s Worth. Penny 
Junor and David Stafford 
answer viewers’ letters on 
consumer matters. 

635 Crossroads. More dramas 
at the motel 

7.00 What’s My Line. Ernie 
Wise, JiRy Cooper, 

Barbara Italy and George 
Gale, have to guess the 
odd occupations. 

730 Coronation Street te Alan 
Bradley reafiy a Romeo? 

830 international Athletics. 

- • - ■ TheTJlster Games. 

830 World In Action. An . 
investigation into the 
. behind-the-scenes deals 
■ that secured Mexico the 
rote of World Cup host 
nation for the second time 
te'the last two 
tournaments, (postponed 
from last Monday). 

930 Return to Eden. A sequel 
to the drama serial shown 
m September 1984. 
Stephanie, thought dead 
after the messy business 
with the crocodiles, was 
mrractdously saved and 
has married the plastic 
surgeon that transformed 
her looks. Now seven 

years on, Jflly has been 
released from prison after 
serving her sentence for 
her part in the attempted 
murder, and Stephanie 
reluctantly agrees to 
provide for her after 
discovefin^the^ are half- 

10.00 News at Ten. 

1030 Return to Eden continued. 

1135 Thames Debated The 
subject of police 
accountability debated by 
Thames area MPs. 

1235 Night Thoughts. 

935 Thames news headines 
followed by Fame The 
Assassination Bureau 
(1968) starring Ofiver Reed 
and Diana Rigs. Thrflter 
about a journalist, who. 

on BBC2, 930pm 

655 Open University: Maths - 
Transformations in Action. 
Ends at 730. 

930 Ceefax. 

930 The Lords This Week. A 

programmeofKigh lights 
of the week's proceedings 
in the House of Lords. 

1030 Ceefax. 

155 Wimbledon 86. Action on 
the Centre and Number 
One Courts described by 
Dan MaskeS, John Barrett, 
Gerald WUBams, Barry 
Davies, Mark Cox, Bn 
ThretfaH, Ami Janes and 
Virginia Wade. 

735 Spft Screen. The first of a 
new series in which 
contentious topics are the 
subject of two films. 
Transit's opening pair 
deal with boxing with, in 
one comer, a film 

made by the British 
Mecfical Association; in the 
opposite comer, a fifr n^^ 

■ quittance of the former 
Lightweight Clrampton of 
the Worn, Jim Watt 

855 Horizon: Doctors to Be. 
The first of an occasional 
series following the 
process whereby 
teenagers become 
doctors, a process that 
costs the taxpayer more 
than £100,000. The series, 
planned to go into the next 
century, concentrates on 
East year’s intake of new 
students into St Msiy's 
Hospital Medical School 
London. A number of the 
students wifi be followed 
through their initial training 
and as their career 
develops. This evening's 
programme eavesdrops 
as some of the 2,000 
hopefuls are interviewed 
for the 100 available 
places. The next 
programme in the series is 
Beefy to be In two years 
time when the students 
begin their ctinica) trading. 
The narrator Is Paul 

930 The Fafl and Rise of 
Reginald Perrin. The last 
in the series of repeats 
and Reggie is determined 
to destroy himself but it 
seems that people are no 

' ' longer Shocked by his 
outrageous behaviour, (r) 

930 Mountain Mem A 

Dangerous Kind of Love, 
by Fay Weldon. Jenny 
Seagrove stars as Lucy 
Walker in the first of a 
series of three plays about 
efimbers who were first to 
reach the top. Lucy Walker 

TERROR (BBC1 ,9.30pm) is Ton 
Mangold's Panorama report 
on wmat (and what is nop being 
done to stop aircraft being 

blown out of the skies ana 
passengers being shot to bits 
m airport toungesJt is putting it 
mflefiy to say that the ram 
shows that there are holes in our 
anti-terorrism precautions 

Victorian society by 
participating in the mate- 
only world of mountain 
styted dothes for the job 
she, in 1871, with the 
assistance of Swiss guide, 
Melchior Anderegg. 
became the first woman to 
dimb the Matterhorn, (see 
Choice) (Ceefax) 

1035 NewsmghL The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 

coverage of one of the 

main stories of the day. 

1130 Weather. 

1135 Music at Mght Gounod's 
Serenade performed by 
Fkxra Kimm (mezzo- 
soprano) accompanied by 
Andrew Ball (piano). 

1130 Open University: 
Modeffing Planetary 
Motion. Ends at 1230. 

Concorde through: X-ray fine 
seem machines mat can t detect 
plastic guns or ammunition in 
hand luggage; plastic explosives 
that tore me bottom of a 
suitcase and can escape 
detection together with their 
Inert wire detonators; security 
staff who haven’t had 
explosivestraining; Greek 

a casual air can stroll 


235 Sea WOT. This, the 

penultimate programme in 
the series about the Royal 
Navy's part in the Second 
World W0r, covers the 
development of the 
■Combined Operation' 
from the time the defeated 
British Army were 
evacuated from the 
beaches of Dunkirk to the 
final invasion of the War, 
Operation Overlord. 

330 Hands. A profile of the 
Muthoiland family, 
stonecutters of Usnakea, 

330 Caught in a Free State. 
Episode one of a repeat of 
ttie four-part drama about 
a group of German spies 
based to Ireland during the 
Second World War. 

430 Dancin' Days. Carotin ha 
cfiscovers how Julia can 
make some money. 

530 Afice. The Phoenix, 

Arizona, waitress has an 
affair with a hot-air 
balloonist which ends with 
her and the rest of the girls 
from the (finer being 
thermailed along in a 
runaway dtrigfote. 

530 SHeiWPtoMfe Today's 
compilation includes cips 
from the first animated 
cartoon; the test screen 
Tarzam the first censored 
film; experimental 
underwater ph o tography; 
and the first movie 

630 Up and Coming. Jean 
Bmta Breeze, a Jamaican 
fivtng in Brixton, performs 
some of her poetry at the 
Drill HaU Arts Centre, 

630 The Marketing Mx. This 
final programme of the 
series examines chocolate 
marketing strategies 
adopted by Rowntree- 
Macklntosh and 
Cadburo 1 *. (Oracle) 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons indudes a 
profile of the West German 
President Richard von 

750 Com m ent from Lady 
Masham. Weather. 

830 Brookskfe. Everyone bar 
Harry Cross has been 
invited to Heather's and 
Nicholas's wedding 
reception, a celebration 
that goes .very smoothly, 
except for some strange 
behaviour by the best man 
and the sufts from two of 
Nicholas’s chfidran. 

830 M a ma flon a l Athletics. 
The Ulster Games from 
the Mary Peters Stadium, 


930 St Elsewhere. Rixnours 
abound when Dr Cavanero 
announces that the doctor 
who is staying with her is a 

1030 Songs of Freedom. The 
story of Paul Robeson 
contrftxJtion to the black 
fight for civil rights. The 
programme includes many 
of Robeson's songs 
inducing John Brown's 
Body and the Volga Boat 

1130 The Eleventh Hem: 

Havana Report To launch 
a season of Cuban Sms, a 
report on last year's 
Havana FHm Festival 
inducing efips from films 
to be shown. Followed by 
Prayer. A coBection of 
Images based on a poem 
about Marilyn Monroe. 

1235 Their Lordships’ House. 
Highlights of the day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. Ends at 12JKL 

on to the tarmac, or take up a 
sniper's position. Flying in tho 
face of Terrors an 
unremitting scare story that 
treads on many official 
toes^nd if you tftink that the 
questions it asks are 
worrying, just wait untfl you hear 
what purport to be the answers. 
•Paradoxically, MOUNTAIN 
MEN (BBC2. 9.30pm) .a drama 
tntogy about denbers. kicks 
off with the store of a mountain 
woman - Lucy Walker, owner 
of the first par of female feet to 
stand on the peak of the 
Matterhorn. Fay Weldon's script 
suggests that the plucky lady 
did it for a combination of 
reasons, indutfing the need 
to escape from an awful tamRy 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF variations at 

555 Shipping Forecast 630 
News Briefing: Weather. 

8.10 Farming week. A five 
interview wtth John 
Heath, Chief Executive of 

Society of England, followed 
by weather forecast for 
farmers. 635 Prayer for the 

630 Today, ind 630,730, 

B30 News Summary. 

655 Business News. 655, 
755 Weather 730, 830 
News. 735, 835 Sport 755 
Thought for me Day 

835 The week on 4. 

Programme previews. 

With Clive Rosfin. 

853 Glyn Worsnip finks 

recordings from the BSC 
Sound Archives. 857 
WSaiher; Travel 

930 News 

935 Stan the week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1030 News; Moray Box. 

Advice on aspects of 
personal finance, with 

cook and the attentions of a 
smug seems there was a 
strong sexual drive in Miss 
Walker, too, because she 
pronounced the Matterhorn 
to be a "him" whereas male 
conquerors of the peak 
always thought of it as “her." 
The play, rtirafy 
photographed (by Maurice 
Fisher) and with tots of ai 
fresco mu sic ( by Mattie r). is 

towMiteW^^rotoaHy got to 
the top.The script suddenly 
puts her there, amid the snow 
and Ice, Immaculate to bonnet 
and hooped skirts, and fortified 
no doubt by the champagne 
and sponge cake that her mother 
says her Indomitable 
daughter should take with her . 

Peter Davalle 

730 On Your Farm. Upland 
fivestock terming v grain 
growing - the prospects 
compared (r) 

755 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
developments from the 
forefront of scientific 

8.15 The Monday Play. Syrup 
of Figs by Jo Heaton. 

Drama sat to a convent 
school, (s) 

955 Kaleidoscope: The Ego 
on the Peg. Paul 
Vaughan talks to Sir Cofin 
Davis who leaves the 
Royal Opera House tttis 
season after 15 years 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: StO 
Life by Richard Cobb, 
abridged In 12 episodes (11). 
Readtaf Cyril Luckham. 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Rnanciaf wxid 

IIJOToday in Parilamem 

12-00News: Weather. 1233 

4), Janacek(inthernsts). 
Tomasek (Eclogue, Op 35 No 

1035 Mme String Quartet 
Ravel (Quartet in F). 

Bridge (Three Novetetten, 
IMtiTand Sir Roger da 

11.25 Lars-UInck Mortensen: 
harpsichord recital. 

Includes J J Fuux's Oacona ; 
in D major, Buxtehude's 
Suite in E minor. Aria Rofife, 
and Melchior SchUdt 's 
Variations on Paduana 

1155 BBC Weten SO (under 
Wright). Vaughan 
Williams {The Wasps), Bfiss 
(Concert suns: 

Checkmate), Rubbra 
(Symphony No 5). 1.00 

155 Baritone and piano 
recital: Hermann 
Prey/Leonard Hokanson. AO 
the works are by 
Schumann. Inducting Der 
Hidalgo; Die baiden 
Grenadlere; Der Spietatarm 
and the song cycle 
Dichterfiebe. Op 48 

250 Music weakly: indudes a 
conversation with Brece 
Brewer and Malcolm Btons 
on Stamdaie Bennett at 
the piano (r) (a) 

255 New Records. Handel 
(Concerto Grosso in C, 
Alexander's Feast). Maurice 
Greene (Voluntary to G: 
Preston .organ), Palestrina 

Shipping Forecast 
VHF (avaflable to England and S 

250pm Listening Comer. 550-55! 
PM (continued). 1130-12.10om 
Open University 1130 Rudolf Otto 
on Religion. 1150 Voltaire and 
the Galas Affair 

tee Booing (r) 
rain Story: The 
option written and 

read w Robert RIetty 
1055 Daity Service. (New 

Every Morning, page 62) 

1150 {tews; Travel Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnson visits Consett. 
Dixham (r) (s) 

1158 Poetry please! Listeners' 

fTroisieme (econ, 
Lamentations of 
Jeremiah, with soloists 
Betfiard and LamyL 
Telemann (Oboe Concerto, 
with Han de Vries, oboe). 
Jacob van Eyck (Variations 
on English Nightingale: 
Bemc* n, recorder) , 

Beethoven (Quintet in E 
flat. Op 16) and Mozart 
(Symphony No 29). 455 

Radio 3 

Kingsley Amis. 

1250 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice wtth 
Pattie CotdweH 
1237 Comedy Playhouse. 

Museum Pieces by David 
Luck. Cast includes Sam 
Kefiy and Ronald 
Herdman (s). 1255 Weather 
150 The World at One: News 
150 T he Arch ers. 155 

230 Hour. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Generations by 
Mervyn Jones, (s) (r) 

430 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear 
Friday's etfition 
530 PM: News magazine. 

550 Shipping Forecast 
555 Weather 

630 News; Financial Report 
630 TheNewsQuiz. 

730 News 
j 735 The Archers 

On metfium wave. VHF variations at 

655 Weather. 7.00 News 
735 Concert Faure (Masques 
et Beroamasques), 

Chabnar (Habanera: 

Barbizs, piano), Sarasate 
(Caprice basque. Op 24: 
487). Ravel (Ma mere 

Mozart (three Duos in C, K 
I'Oye suits). 830 News 

835 Concert (contd): 

Boccherini (Gutar 
Quintet No 900, with 
Romero, guitar). Falla (El 
amor brujo suite, with Teresa 
Berganza). 950 News 

955 This Week's Composer 
Marc -Antoine 
Charpentier. La malade 
imaqlnalre overture, klyle 
sw » retour de te same du 
roi (London Baroque with 
soloists including Kirkby, 
Covey-Crump and Mg« 

950 Rudolf Firkusny: piano 
redtaL Benda (Sonata to 
A minor), Beethoven (Sonata 
in E minor. Op 90), 

Vorisek (Impromptu Op 7 No 

550 Mainty for Pleasure: 
recorded music, 

630 El^^cra«cRob»t 
Woottey, in Ergue- 
Gaberic, Brittany, plays 
voluntaries and verses 
by Purcell, Locke and Blow 

7.15 Liszt orchestral songs: 

BBC Concert Orchestra 
(under Joly), with Ameral 
Gunson (mezzo). 

Includes Jeanne d'arc au 
bucher. Der Tanz in der 
Dorfschenke and 

orchestration of Es war eto 
Kontg in Thule 
850 In PirsuH of Change: 

Richard Cork talks to 
Frank Auerbach, 

830 English Chamber 

Orchestra (under Tate), 
with CecHe Ousset piano. 
Bizet ( Jeux d'anfants). 

Ravel (Piano Concerto to G), 
Schumann (Symphony 
No 1) 

1050 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 
presents Second Sight 
1150 Britten and Marenzto: 
Britten's Five Flower 
Songs, including To daffodils 
and The succession of 
the four sweet months, and 
Marenzto works 

Fieri sfivestit and 0 fere 
stalls. Fforformed by 
London Stoftmietta Voices 

11.45 London Oboe Band: 

Johann PhOipp Kneger's 
Partita No 1 in F. Lietige 

1157 News . 1200 

VHF only-. Open 
University. From 6.35am to 
555. Education buPexin I 

( Radio 2 

On medtom wava VHF 
variations at and. 

News an tea hour. Headlines 
550am, 630, 730 and 830. Spor 
Desks 155pm, 955. 

Wimbtodon preview 1230pm. 
Cricket Scoreboard 730pm. 

450am Cohn Berry (s) 530 Ray 
Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson (a) 
930 Ken Bruce (s) 1150 Jimmy 
Young (s) 155pm David Jacobs (s 
250 Wimbiedon 88. Ind &.4S 
Sports Round-up 750 Alan Defi 
with Dance Band Days and. at 
730. Big Band Era (s) 830 Big 
Band Special (BBC Big Band) 

(5) 950 Humphrey Lyteston with 
the best of Jazz on record (s) 

955 Sports Desk 10410 Some of 
These Days. Panel game with 
Angela Rippon, Strata SteateL 
John Junkm and Lashe PftiKps 
1030 Star Sound (Nick Jackson) 

11.00 Brian Matthew presents 
Round Midnight (stereo from 
midnight) 150am BiB Rennefis 
presents Ntahtride (s) 350-450 A 
Littia Night Music (s) 

( Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end 
News on the hatihour from 
630am until 930pm and at 1250 

530am Adrian John 750 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 330 
Simon Bates 1230pm 
Newsheat (Ftank Partridge) 12.45 
Gary Davies 350 Stewe wnght 
530 Newsbeat (Frank Partndga) 

5.45 Bruno Brooks 730 Janice 
Long 1050-1200 John Peel (s) 

VHF RADIOS 152:- 450am As 
Radio 2. 250pm Gloria Hunniford 
(5). 330 David Hamilton (s). 

555 John Dunn (s). 750 As Ftacflo 
2. 1050 As Rarfio 1. 1250- 
450am As Radio 2. 


6.00 Newsdesk. S30 A Word in Edga- 
ways. 730 New. 750 Twenty-Four 
Hours. 730 Waveguide 7A0 Book 
Chocs. 7.45 Sportsworid. S50 News. 
659 Reflections. 8.15 Heat of toe Day. 
650 Anything Goes. 950 News. 959 
Review ol British Prase. 9.15 Good 
Books. 930 Financial News. 950 Look 
Ahead. 9 l 46 Peeble s Choke. 1050 News. 
1051 A Word n Edgeways. 1150 News. 
1159 News About Bntam. 11.15 Japan 
Wens. 1130 Album Time. 1200 Radio 
Newsreel. 12.15 Brain of Britain 1986. 
1245 Sports Romkp. 150 News. 159 
Twenty-Four Hours. 130 Sportsworid. 
200 Outtook. 245 Time Machine. 350 
Ratio Newsreel. 115 A Word n Edge- 
ways. 345 Whars New. 450 News. 459 
Commentary. 4.15 Sportsworid 545 
Sports Roundup. 7.45 Peettie's Choice. 
850 News. 859 Twenty-Four Hours. 830 
Journey Through Latm America. 950 
News. 951 Sportsworid. 9.15 Tenor and 
Baritone. 930 Counterpoint. 1050 News. 
1059 The World Today. 1035 Book 
Choice. 1030 HnsnOal News. 1040 
Reflections. 1045 Sports Roundup. 1150 
News. 1159 Commentary. 11.15 Putting 
Politics m Hs Place. 1130 Brain of Britain 
1966. 1250 News. 1209 News About 
Britain. 12-15 Radto NewsnseL 1230 
Sarah end Company. 150 News. 151 
Outlook. 130 Shod Story. 145 Putting 
Potties In its Place. 200 News. 259 
Review of the British Press. 2.15 
Sportsworid. 230 Journey Through Latm 
America. 350 News.- 359 News About 
Britain. 3.15 World Today. 445 Reflec- 
tions. 450 Financial News. 550 News. 
559 Twenty-Frit* Hours. 630 New ideas. 
Afl Times in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Redid 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz«47m; VHF -90- 
92L5; Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC:1 152k Hz/26 tm; VHF 97 ^ Capital: 1546kHz/194m: VHF95A BBC Radio London 

1458kHz/206nt VHF 943; World Semico MF 648kHz/463m. 

I 1 ILL 1 J.L. . W 


HTV WFftT As London ex- 
n . ‘ ■ V . FAl cept 935era News. 
Poseidon nee 1020 WortengAHBr- 
natiras 1045 Pekrt Along wtfi Nancy 
11.10-1130 Eskimos 1 ibpa News 
130330 Rrv Short Cut to Malta 5.15- 
545 Horses for Courses 650-750 
News 1136 Star parade tUSem 


except: SJBemlO- 
20 Poseidon Res 650pm-750 
Wales at Six. 


930 Once Upon a Time_Man 10.15 
Friik Tales 1030 Poseidon F3bs 1135- 
1130 Home Cookery UtSpoi News 
130 HoBywood: Sohmch Years 225-330 
Royal Show 550 News 546-750 
Caiwal Post 1135 The Master 1235am 

Street 1025 Cwsitry Calender 1040- 
1130 Tarzan 120pm News 130 Fan 
Qee Bags* (Crazy Gang) 350 Star 
Cfw»ra33(U50Sourafa Good 5.15-546 
EironenJato Fann 550 News end 
Scotland Today 630-7.00 Sounds Gaefc | da Reports I 
1130 Lett Cal 1130 V 1235am | Sammy Dav 

Closedown I Closedown. 

That's My Boy 550 Grana- 
da Reports 630-750 Whose Baby? 1135 
Sammy Davto Junior 1230am 


1030-1 130 Delayed Action 128pm 
News 130 Home Cookery 135-200 Ftec 
Folow a Star 5.15-545 Sons and 
Daughters 650 Channel Report S3O-750 
People like Us 1130 Simon and Si- 
mon 1230am CkMdown. 


Thing 930 BeatiMKhean Neontach 
93S sesame Straw 1030 Adventures of 
Jeremy 1155-1130 Orphans oi the 
W9d 120pm News 130330 Hbn: II Met 
by Moonight 5.15 Emmerd a te Farm 
650 North Tonight 535-750 Good Day's 
Fishing 1125 Sweeney 1225am 
News. Closedown. 


930 Sesame Sbe« 1025 Rock of 
the Seventies 1150 Cartoon 1155-1130 
Indian Legends 120pm News 130 
World of James Mtchaner 225330 Roy- 
al Show 5.15-545 Survival 850 
Northern Life 6JSS-750 Mr and Mrs 1125 
V 1225m My God u Real, 


BORDER Asiondon except 

&25em Sesame Sheet 
1025 Professor Ktaoi 1035 Longest 
Row 1125-1130 Max the Mouse 120pra 
News 130 Fihn: Seven Thunders 
330450 Sons end Deughtora 5.15-545 
Survival of the Fittest 650 
Lookaround 630-750 Taka the Hgh 
Road 1125 Show Express 11 JS 

TQW A 5 London except 925am 
ISSL Sesame Street 1025 Champi- 
ons 1120-1130 Max the Mourn 
120pm News 130-330 Film: On the Hd- 
dte&15 Gus Honeybun 520-545 
Crossroads 650 Today South West 530- 
750 Emmertale Ferm 1125 Minder 
122Sam Postscript Closedown. 

AN GLi A ^n^^ 

1030 Mad Dogs and Crickatera 
1 156 Groovis Ghoubes 120pm News 
130-330 Film: Judtth S.15«% 
Ernmerdale Farm 650 Abotn An^ia 530- 
750 Survival 11^ Sammy Daws Jr 
1230am Throw the Lions to the Chria- 
ttans. Closedown 

-LiS Sesame Street 1030 Delayed Ao- 
txxi 120pm News 130 Home Cook- 
ery 130-330 Film: FoBaw a Star 5.15- 
545 Sons end Daughters 650 Coast 
to Coast 630-750 People Lika Us 1 125 
Simon and Smon 1225am Compa- 
ny. Closedown 



730 CyswW 'Cumreig 850 St Elsewhere 
950 Ffetn Reuddwydlon 945 
Cheers 10.15 Country Maters 11.15 Ath- 
letes 11 45 Closedown 



BAMHCAH MALL «28 87WS/638 
■889t Tent 7. aS HALLELUIAH 
MR HAMMEL, LhXm Cmori 
cvitura, PhUp Slmncmll 
Utan TnonuMoa mirra 

sons Yarn Dukt StrccL St 
James. SWI. Mefr »n»4 
Brawn Until July 4in. Mon-Frl 

win* m u a w tm. cl rmsmi 

sl. wa. 


LTvTxi ^ | ir l L , l 3 H 


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and David Yin 


6404/06X1 CC 01-579 6233 
RM Price Pram from July 21 
Opens July 29 ai 7.0 

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“ExptoeKe San«“ Today 


yiyi QUATHO 

-A papular rut- eoniains more 
famous songs than any oilier 
musical ot UW century” TlmM 
Evgs 7.30 Max wed & Sat 2-30 
24Hr 7 day or booking on First 
can 01-240 7200 Oiks feci 

2578 CC 741 9999 Firs! C allga 
nr 7 day CC 2*0 7200. Orp 
Sales 930 0123 Mon-Frl 8.00 
Sat &00 A 8.40 



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Dedgned fay GRANT KICKS 
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torium hwiwi Ton~L Totaor 
7 30. Opens Wed at 7.00. Then 
ThurA July lO “.16 
HEAPime ay Saran pamet* 

CRrmOM Air Oond S 930 3216 
CC 379 6668/379 6433/741 
9999. Grm 836 3962. Esm B.Oa 
Ti m ma t a. ag,_sm sjo * bjo 


01-836 8108. 01-240 9066/7. 
First call 24-hour 7-day « nk9»: 
240 720OJno pooxm^.ree) ^ 












Evas 80 Mats Wed lo&m 3.0 & 

Group Sales 930 A123 

DUKE OF YORKS 836 6122 CC 
836 98377741 9999/240 7200. 
Eves 8 Thu 3 Sal S A 830 


Box Office A ce 01-930 9632 First 
Call 24 hour 7 day ce bookings 
01-2*0 7200 

Ei pa 730 Mats Wed and Sat 2-0 


-Jus mmmr bows Brat- O Tel 


jawtoUc, pbwM— M" F-T 


Toni. Tomor St Wed tmat) 
in Repenotre wnn 


Next pert Wed level 
untti July 9 email 

fay NeU Simon. July It A 12 
last perts LOWE FOR LOVE 
MAYFARt S CC 629 3036. Mon- 
Thu a Fri/Sal 5.40 A 8.10 


"Ifca B«d TWW tar yaara" S M 


“An mattashed wumert* S Exp 
‘■Oeullimnal" Times 




FORTUNE (Air Good) S CC 836 
2236 KP 741 9999 Grp Sales 930 
6123 Mon to Frl S Sal 8.30 Thurs 
* Sal 3.00 




"tt brings back yoor laMh in 
modern inealre — tl could become 
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HER MAJESTY*. Haymarket 
930 4026/6606 2046/2856 
Yttkctmasier 379 6131 
First cab CC 240 7200 

KwSumm IMKU 



Sarah Saw 

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Onena 9 OrL 

437 2066. CC 734 8961. 379 
6433. 741 9999. Firs! Call 24 Hr 
7 Day CC 240 7200 Grp Sales 
930 6t23. 





Moo-Frt 730. Mats Wed 200 
Sat 2.30 St .8.00 

ME RMAID 236 5368 Ce 741 
9999. First Call CC 240 7200 (24 
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Open July 7. Eves 8. Sat 6 & 830 



suoed by 


Limited Season 
(Pre-theatre food A drink) 


405 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 7.45 
Tue A Sal 3.00 A 7.43. 




CC 437 8327 or 379 6433 
FA Can 24 Hr 7Diy CC 240 7200 
Grp Sales 930 6123 



Lies 7.30 Mats Thu St Sal 230 
Latecomer* not admitted 
until the interval . __ 


PHOOUX 836 2294 rr 240 9661 
741 9999 Eve 8 Thu 3 Sal 6/830 


Standard Drama Awards 


As EKU Predey 




PHOENIX 836 2294 CC 240 
9961 741 9999. FlrW can 24 tm 
7 days 240 7200. Ora Sate* 930 
6125. LOW MMC* JWWSlWS. 



dilioned. 437 4506. 734 9535. 
Credit Card Hotline* 579 6665. 
741 9999 Cm Sales B36 

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Renew Magazine 
Eves O-Q Mats Wed 3 & Sal 5 

2654 Eves 7 30 Sal Mats 3 O. 
The Start dir. by Richard Eyre ; 
A Prairie Da CMw dir. by Max | 

SAVOY Box Ofltrr 01-836 8888 
CC 01-379 6219. 836 0479 Eigs. 
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STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 
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Directed 6 Choreographed by 
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MONDAY JUNE 30 1986 ******* 





From Stuart Jones 

Football Correspondent 
Mexico City 

Argentina — 3 

West Germany... 2 

Argentina, who ended the 
World Cup hopes of England 
in the Azteca Stadium a week 
ago. yesterday claimed the 
crown that they won in their 
own homeland eight years 
ago. They emerged trium- 
phantly from a final in which 
at times their football was as 
dazzling as the occasion. 

A fine header by Brown 
after 23 minutes gave Argenti- 
na the lead. In a hard fought 
first half dominated by mid- 
field play. West Germany had 
more possession but after 
giving away a free-kick they 
saw their goalkeeper. 
Schumacher, fail to intercept 
and Brown had a compara- 
tively easy header. 

Valdano made ft two for 
Argentina early in the second 
half, but the veteran forward, 
Rummenigge, brought the 
Germans new hope with a goal 
which sparked a European 
revival. With ten minutes to 
go, the substitute, Voller. 
scored a dramatic equalizer. 
The drama continued five 
minutes from full-time when 
Burruchaga gave Argentina 
the advantage again. 

The massive arena, a con- 
crete monument bedecked 
with huge decorations which 
might have been designed by 
Steven Spielberg for a futuris- 
tic film, was awash with noise 
and aflame with colour. The 
predomihent hue was white. 
Spectators, even representa- 
tives of the media, had been 
requested to dress in respect of 
the symbol of peace and most 

The fluttering of 100,000 

apci Ud|S» UUUIIE UK wwiua 
Viva la Paz “ and of a 
thousand doves, released un- 
der a cloudless sky, provided 
further visual evidence of the 
theme. The capacity audience 
may have been revelling in the 
sunlit carnival but down be- 
low the party was of a more 
serious nature. 

The Germans, in their at- 
tempt to become the first 
Europeans ever to collect the 
trophy on this side of the 
Atlantic, had to achieve an- 
other feat that many were 
beginning to consider was 
equally impossible. To con- 
tain Maradona had over the 
last month seemed no easier 
than catching the wind 

Beckenbauer unveiled bis 
specific formation merely an 
hour before the noon kick-off 
but he surprised no one by 
recalling Berthold, who was 
sent off during the quarter- 
final victory over Mexico. 
Jakobs retained his role as 
sweeper behind a defensive 
line of five but the most 
significant job was given to 

The German who had driv- 
en Arncsen to distraction in 
the first round against Den- 
mark was assigned to shadow 
Argentina's captain. No other 
nation is more suitably 
equipped mentally for the 
task. For them, marking 
means to stay not so much 
within spitting distance but 
shoulder to shoulder at ail 
times except during the half 
time period. 

The pair so closely attached 
that they might have been a 
honeymoon couple on the 
dance floor inevitably caught 
the eye. The contest between 
the unforgiving guard and the 
dangerous prisoner was sun; 
to have a heavy effect on the 
less relevant figures around 
them and on the main event 

Within 21 minutes the ac- 
tivities of the two of them had 
been noted by the Brazilian 
referee as well. BriegeTs path 
to the Argentinian area was 
blocked illegitimately by 
Brown and. during the pro- 
tracted protests that followed, 
Maradona was booked for 
arguing too vehemently. He 
sank theatrically to his knees 
amid a chorus of whistles. 

Within four minutes he was 
lying in a similar position after 
Matthaus, bemused by his deft 
back heel, had cut him down 
from behind. Matthaus was 
cautioned but his German 
colleagues were instantly to 
pay a much heavier penalty. 
From the free kick near the 
touch line, Argentina went 

Burruchaga. the other less 
recognized diamond in their 
collection, persuaded 
Schumacherlo come out in an 
attempt to gather his curling 
cross. It floated instead over 
his outstretched bands and 
landed firmly on the forehead 
of Brown, Argentina's central 
defender, whose accurate nod 
punctured the unguarded cor- 
ner of the net 

The Germans, who had not 
conceded a goal since leaving 
the first round behind them, 
were scarcely designed for 
such a comparatively early 
set-back. They had planned 

geminian challenge until at 
least the interval and subse- 
quently to rely on rapid 

They had no choice but to 
change their ideas, throw off 
their understandably heavy 
doak of caution and don a 
more adventurous approach. 

Yet, as a result, the Ger- 
mans themselves were more 
susceptible. Bewilderingly 
swift and fluent exchanges, 
invariably involving 
Maradona and Burruchaga, 
threatened to dismantle their 
already crumbling rearguard. 
In order to strengthen their 
front line, Beckenbauer 
brought on Voller, the scorer 
of their second goal against 
France in the semi-final, in 
place of AUofs. 

ARGENTINA: N Pumpicfo; J 
Cucnrtfo, J Brown, O Ruggeri, j 
Olarticoechea. R Gius& S Batista. J 
Burruchaga, H Enrique, O 
Maradona, J Valdano. 

WEST GERMANY: H Schumacher; 
H-P Briegel. A Brahma, K-H FCrster, 
N Eder, L Matthaus. F-W Magath, K- 
H Rummenkwe, T Barthold, 0 
Jakobs. K Alfem (sub: R vater). 
Referee: R Frfho (Brazil). 

Brown (right), the scorer of Argentina's first goal, in a scuffle for the half with German defender Berthold. 

Positive way to take the World Cup 

Mexico City 

Not a great final, until the 
last quarter of an boar when a 
combination of Argentina's 
fragility in defence and West 
Germany's habitual capacity 
to tom their back on the odds 
and come from behind gave the 
match its final Horry of anxi- 
eties and frenzied action. It 
was good for football that the 
team which throughout had 
placed their concentration 

.non nhinnn fmtkall nfUin 

being positive, should be the 
winners, and that they lived 
dangerously at times was all 
the fetter for the spectators. 

It was a final distinguished, 
if by nothing else, by the 
performance of the Brazilian 
referee F3ho, who kept the 
play closer to a correct inter- 
pretation of the laws than 
anyone, if I may be forgiven for 
saying so, since an English- 
man In 1974, when Jack 
Taylor gave a penalty against 
the home team in the first 
minute and they stfil won. If 

we had had such dOigence with 

the whistle, such an under- 
standing of players intent and 
what is and is not (air, we 
would have avoided that awful 
first hoar in Madrid — with 
another Brazilian — while in 
1978 Holland would probably 
have beaten Argentina whose 
gamesmanship was unchecked 
by an Italian. 

Not so now. Of the six 
bookings, five were for dissent 
or time wasting. Ma tth aus was 
booked after only 22 minutes 
when he hacked at 
Maradona's heels well after 


the ball had been despatched, 
and that served to restrain the 

lalmtf rannritv for 

intimidation. It was appropri- 
ate that Argentina should go in 
front in the next minute from a 
free kick, for the Germans 
were being a shade too confi- 
dently contempt to get II men 
behind tire ball and hope that 
Argentina would eventually 
ran out of inspiration. 

It was a match also notable 
for the errors of Schumacher, 
Germany's goalkeeper from 
Cologne who likes to think 
hhnsdf the most professional- 
ly prepared, pfayskaDy and 
mentally, in the game. He 
seriously misjudged tire swing 
on Burruchaga’s free kick 
which moved away as it dipped 
into the six-yard line, and was 
net unerringly by Joe Brown. 
On Argentina’s second and 
third goals, Schumacher was 
strangely inert when drawn 
towards the hall first by 
Valdano cutting in from the 
left and then, in instant reply 

to Germany's equaliser, when 
Bnrrachaga swept in from the 
right. It was a rare trio of 


Many critics have been 
saying that without 
Maradona, Argentina were 
relatively tsiguificant opposi- 
tion. I had felt, since seeing 
them pace themselves through 
the first round, that they were 
likely to be able to adjust their 
game to produce what was 
necessary, certainly within the 

Germany, with their relentless 
narking, proved to be tile most 
obdurate, hot some marvel- 
lous. flowing first-time moves 
at dose quarters between 
Bnrrachaga, Valdano, 
Maradona and Enriqne 
thrilled die Azteca crowd and 
entked Germany into commit- 
ting repeated infringements, 
so that a succession of free 
kicks swung the tide again st 

Bnrrachaga was a delight, 
springing forward from mid- 
field onto Maradona's 
promptings like a cat off a 
wall, to such effect that 
Maradona himself could most 
of the time be happy to play 
the subsidiary role. Just now 
and then he would remind 
Germany that be was by a 
distance the outstanding per- 
former of 1986. 

Germany suffered to some 
extent from exactly the same 

problem as bad England: get- 
ting so many men behind the 
bail demanded that extra pace 
and accuracy on was needed on 
the counter-attack, and bring 
cnrrently without threatening 
forwards, they mostly couM 
not find it. They were too 
dependent on BriegeTs initia- 
tive in surges oat of defence, 
hat after toe first half hour he 
became less and less signifi- 
cant Argentina's one-touch 
was exacting a fearful strain 

niqg and covering. 

Less than they did against 
England, Argentina only be- 
gan to play for time after 
Rtraunenigge had stabbed the 
ball home as a corner with a 
quarter of an hour to go. For a 
reason which would not be- 
come apparent until the post 
match crescendo of victory had 
calmed. Brown, Argentina’s 
sweeper, strangely stayed on 
the Arid in spite of a shoulder 
injury in the 52nd minute. He 
continued bravely to hold the 
fort with tHady interceptions, 
yet was increasingly in pain 
and under pressure, and ft 
seemd extraordinary that he 
should still be allowed to 
remain with Voller equalised. 
In that moment yoa would not 
bare given Argentina an earth- 
ly to win. in extra time bat 
Maradona and Burruchaga 
provided the instant answer 
with the final goaL 

Fresh talent is French consolation 

latest scores 
by phone 

15 3040 

France 4 

Belgium 2 

(After extra lime . ; 2-2 at full 

Puebla (Reuter) — France, 
presentinga face for the future 
and a stiff upper lip to their 
heart-breaking defeat in the 
semi-finals to West Germany, 
claimed third place in the 
World Cup when they scored 
twice in extra time. 

Belgium appeared to lake 
the occasion more seriously as 
they made only one change 
from the line-up that faced 
Argentina. Belgium reflected 
their determination when they 
took an eleventh minute lead 
through Ceulemans. their cap- 

tain and midfield player, who 
once again produced the out- 
standing form which helped 
his side achieve their fine and 
unexpected run to the semi- 

Ceulemans gave Belgium 
the lead when fie left Amoros 
and Le Roux, the big central 
defender, helplessly in his 
wake. He surged into the 
penalty area and flicked his 
shot past Rust, who was 
making his foil international 
debut after his long sojourn as 
goalkeeping understudy to 

France equalized when 
Bell one. always a danger in 
attack on the wing, found 
Vermiysse who. whether by 
luck or judgment, juggled the 

ball on to Ferreri who buried 
his dose-range shot firmly in 
the net in the 27th minute. 

France hit back twice to 
lead 2-1 at half-time and 
although Belgium equalized 
late in the second half through 
Claesen, it was France who 
proved the more durable and 
sealed their victory in extra 

Papin made amends for 
early lapses - most notably a 
tenth minute chance which he 
drove wide from point-blank 
range - and beat Pfeff to put 
France 2-1 up in the 43rd 

Belgium, however; were not 
to be dismissed without a fight 
mid hauled themselves back in 
the 73rd minute. Claesen. 

Ith a computer-linked instant 
score service. The score you 
hear on your phone is 
updated instantly by 
computer simultaneously with 
the on-court scoreboards. 
And a radio sports reporter 
adds his own expert 

It's the fastest service in tennis. 

■ged of the 'M' rate. Courtesy of ComputercCd Ltd. 

the rest ofthis year at feast. He 
will be under pressure to call it 
a day, particularly from his 
family for whom the tot 
round against Cruz was a 
painful memory. 

Eagles’ catch 

Sheffield Eagles became the 
first professional club to sign a 
player from the British Ama- 
teur Rugby League Associa- 
tion squad that recently 
successfully toured Australia. 
They have acquired Kevin 
Nasoru a 22-year-old centre 
from Moorends Club,' 
Yorkshire. . 

succeeds David Jackson as 
president of the London Irish 
Rugby Club. Paul O’Donnell 
is captain for a second year. 

Track upset 

Coventry's Olympic 800 
runner, Lorraine Baker, cho- 
sen for England’s Common- 
wealth Games team, tried the 
400 metres at the Midlands 
AAA championships at Perry 
Bar, Birmingham, and was 
beaten by a junior internation- 
al Jennifer Howefl. Notting- 
ham, who set a championship 
best of 54.4sec. , Miss Baker's 
54.83sec was only good 
enough for- thin! 

Glen Longland, of the Ante- 
lope Cub. tiding in the Wes- 
sex RC 100 miles time trial 
recorded a time of 3hr 41 min 
34sec, an average of 27.08mpb 
unpaced. It was a course 
record and the fastest 100- 
mile time of the season. 

Dutch luck 

Pakistan, the world hockey 
champions, defeated the 
Netherlands 1-0 in - Amster- 
dam to level the international 
series at two matches each 
with one drawn (Sydney 
Frisian writes). 

profiling from disarray in the 
French defence and the ser - 1 
vice of Grim, van der Elst and 
Veyt, provided the final touch' 

That was sufficient to send 
the game into extra time, but 1 
Bellone beat Gerets and won a 
corner in the 104th minute. 
His short kick found Ferreri, 
who played the ball into the 
goalmouth for Genghini to 
stab home. After 109 minutes, 
France put the game out' of 
reach as Genghini brought 
down Amoros; . Hie French 
player took the kick himself, 
chipping his shot into the left 

Bossis.31 two days ago, was 
making his third appearance 
m a World Cup finals 


Wilson takes 
world lead 
in Amsterdam 

Mark Wilson, of Great 
Britain, yesterday won the 
Amsterdam gras-4 jnritx and 
took the lead, in the world 
Formula - n rirenit raring 
cham pi onship (Bryan Stiles 
writes). Even before the grand 
prix got wider way, toe Lou- 
don driver, B31 Ormiston, was 
lying in a Dutch hospital 
recovering from shoulder and 
neck injuries sustained when 
be lost control of bis catama- 
ran on t head daring time 
trials and was ffong from the 

During the nice Chris Bush, 
of the United States, who tod 
begus the day as joint cfc api- 
onship leader with the Welsh- 
man, Jonathan Jones, became 
involved in a collision and tod 
to retire. NeO Hall Of London 
was also taken to hospital 
when his Catamaran flipped 
as the leaders were on their 
42nd lam tot suffered only 
minor injuries. He and 
Ormiston were sot being de- 
tained in hospital . 

RESULTS (Fourth stm, GB valets 
stated}:. LM WOMB. $3^2, 


surprise with 

T arions’s recall 

By John Woodcock 

. Cricket Coreespondeni 

In their desperation, 
England's cricket selectors 
have recalled Wayne Larfuns 
to play in the third and last 
Test match' against. India, 
sponsored by Comhili and 
starting at Edgbaston on 
Thursday. Gower and roster 
also come back, and Neal 
Radford makes his. first ap- 
pearance in a party of 12. 
Dropped from the side that 
was outplayed at Headmgky 
are Lamb, Lever, Slack and 
Christopher Smith. 

I can think of a no more 
unexpected choice since the 
Second War than that of 
Larkins. What makes it so 
surprising is that owing to a 
football injury to his ankle, 
which kept him idle until the 
end of May, he has played 
only six first-class innings this 
season, plus the one be started 
at Hastings on Saturday eve- 
ning and which will be fol- 
lowed with interest today. His 
scores have been 8, 10. 12, 0, 

1 1, 2 and 9 not out 

He is 32 and the last of his 
six Test matches was against 
Australia at the Oval in 1981 
when he made 34 (his best 
score; for England) and 24. 
Although, when the mood 
'takes mm, he can play quite 
brilliantly, his cavalier style 
has always been more attrac- 
tive than consistent. He runs 
hot and cold, getting out a lot 
in the twenties and thirties but 
then reefing off a fortnight of 
centuries. - 

In same mould 
as Gooch 

Ten years ago, when making 
a documentary on cricket one 
of the television companies, 
haying gone to Edgbaston to 
film the game behind the 
scenes, decided that while they 
were there they might as wefl 
take a shot or two of the match 
in progress. Warwickshire 
were playing Northampton- 
shire, and what they found; 
themselves recording was an 
innings of 167 by . Larkins. 
Now in the archives, it is 
reckoned to be a classic exhi- 
bition of tatsmanship. 

Larkins went to Australia in 
1979-80 but he was still more 
a player of promise than 
fulfilment when. In 1982,. be 
was banned for three years far 
touring "South Africawjththc 
side that did so against the 
wishes of the Test and County 
Cricket Board. On returniag; 
he scored five centuries: Tor 
Northamptonshire and 
showed that Season The sort of 
form that would have interest- 
ed the selectors had he been 
eligible. But by 1984 he tod 
dropped to 58th in the nation- 
al batting averages, and last 
year he was 59th. Any number 
of opening batsmen must have 
thought yesterday that they 
had a better chance of hearing 
their name in this.week’s side. 

Widely described as "“a 
bunch of has-beens" at the 
time, seven of that "rebel" 
team to South Africa have 
si nce been chosen for England 
— Emburey, Gooch, Lever, . 
Sidebouom, Taylor, Willey, 
and now Larkins. Many 
would say that Boycott, Un- 
derwood and Knott also . 
should have been. 

Larkins could, I suppose, 
have been brought out of 
storage in case Gooch _ is 
unavailable for Australia mid 
someone of experience and 
with the same attacking bent is 
needed to replace hum but 
that is pure conjecture. He is 
certainly a remarkable selec- 
tion, especially when what the 
side needs in the early order is 
stability. The idea for it may 
have come when Larkins was 
making a dashing 40 for 
Northamptonshire against 
Middlesex in last 
Wednesday's NatWest tie. 
Fred Titmus, a selector, was 
there to see it, as of course was 

As Larkins returns, Lamb; 
his , Northamptonshire col- 
league, departs after playing 
45 successive Test matches: 
Lamb gave himself a lot. to live 
up to when he made four Test . 
hundreds in ■ 1984, three 
against West Indies and one 
against Sri Lanka. Since then 
he has averaged 25 in 22 
innings. Only patronage cohJd. 
have kept him in at that rate, 
but. he is only- 22 arid conkl 
well be. bade. Larkins will be 

England 12 


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one of five specialist batsmen 
at Edgbaston; at Headingfey 
there were six. 

Radford’s selection may 
cause a blush or two in 
Lancashire, where they decid- 
ed at the end of 1 984 that they 
had no more use for him. 
Worcestershire took him on, 
and. like Alhey when he 
moved from Yorkshire to 
Gloucestershire, he has bene- 
fited greatly from a change of 
environment. Last season and 
this. Radford's bag of wickets 
stands at 144, 12 more than 
Marshall, who comes next. 

Born in Zambia (like Ed- 
monds), brought up in South 
Africa and a regular member 
of the successful Transvaal 
side. Radford tod to decide 
last autumn whether to make 
himself available for South 
Africa against Kim Hughes's 
Australian XI (the South Afri- 
cansdectors were keen that he 
should) or. to throw in his lot 
with England. He cbose En- 
gland, havingalready been put 
on the reserve list for the 
winter tours to West” Indies 
and Sri Lanka. A bustling; 
eager bowler, he surprises 
batsmen by the way he w frits 
the pitch" He is 29 and a 
lively fielder, but no more 
than a tolerable tail-end 

Foster has bonded his way 
back to takiM 29 wickets in 
Essex's last four champion- 
ship matches. England's lais- 
sez-faire approach got to him 
hi the West Indies last winter. 
But he should have learnt 
from that If Essex can contin- 
ue to supply England with 
bowlers at the present rate -r 
Foster will be the fourth of 
theirs, to have played against 
India — and yet retain their 
lead in the championship, it 
will be much to their credit. 
The selectors have kept faith 
with Difley and taken the 
precaution again of having 
both Edmonds and Emburey 

on call 

Side may again 
struggle for runs 

A year ago at Edgbaston the 
Test match against Australia 
was won for England by 
Eflisou. whose return io form 
mid fitness is one of the needs 
of the moment. Of that En- 
gland side — their winning 
margin was an innings and 
US runs — Robinson, Lamb, 
Botham, Downton, Ellison 
and Taylor wffl afl be missing 
on Thursday. So will Slack, 
who has failed to persuade the 
selectors that hie is what they 
are looking for. 

With Emburey and Ed- 
monds rarely reaching double 
figures in Test matches these 
days, and nothing much in the 
way of rims to be expected 
from Difley, Foster, Radford, 
and French, and none of the 
batsmen in prime form, it 
requires no great imagination 
to see England struggling again 
with the bat Even Gooch* 
Larkins, Gower and Gatnng 
tod, before yesterday, a com- 
bined first-class average for 
theseason of only 28.'ln other 
words, Gatling seems/ikety m 
have just as hard a job naafang . 
ends meet agaihsv India as 
Gower did -against West In- 
dies. As for the srfetfo rs, th ey 
dearly think t&tt'pe present 
crisis is no thnefor Wooding a