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• . ' - "V 

The 81 Labour councillor 
/.who /spearheaded last year’s 
rates rebellion, yesterday lost 
their appeals in the High 
Court against massive sur- 
charges and banning from 
. office. ’ ~ 

- Lord - Justice GUdewell 
•. found thpt many of the rebels 
from Liverpool and Lambeth 
, councils were guilty of “mere 
. .political posturing . AH bad 
been guilty of “wilful 
. misconduct” and were, there- 
fore, liable for losses of more 
than £200,000. 

.JMr Justice Caulfield said 
■ llie evidence of misconduct in 
; Lambeth ,was‘ “crushing" and 
that it had “reached a pinnacle 
: ofp^^ T^rverdty”. Coun- 
, tils ~were creations of statute 
and not miniature Parlia- 

• ,The judgement was one of 
. the most important for many 
years and paves the way for 
the sweeping from office of 
some of the most controver- 
sial figures in local politics. 
Their foie ultimately will not 
be known 1 until any further 
appeals that they may mount 
' have been heard. 

Those in court included Mr 
Ted Knight, leader of Lam- 
: beth council, and Mr Derek 
Hatton, deputy leader in Liv- 
erpool. and. a supporter of 
Militant • 

The judgement was greeted 
- with anger which led to calls 
for silence. Mr Knight said 
afterwards that it had' been a 
travesty and harsher than he 
had . expected. He and his 
colleagues would wait for the 
full 28 days allowed before 

Mr Hatton said: “The lead- 
ership of the parliamentary 
Labour Party and the right- 
wing of the National Execu- 
tive Committee has to an 
extent ensured that we have 
been tried by the media.” 

. The timing, of appeals is 
significant because elections 
are due in all Lambeth seats 
and a third of those in 
Liverpool on May -8. If the 
rebels are disqualified, opposi- 
tion councillors in both au- 
thorities will have majorities 
until elections are called 
will have the power to reverse 
Labour policies. 

The judgement also opened 
the way for further actions to 
recover court costs and further 
council losses, and could de- 
stroy the livelihood of most of 
the rebels, several of whom are 
unemployed or retired. - 

MrLionel ReacLQC for the 
Lambeth councillors, asked 
unsuccessfully for- the 
auditors' costs to be awarded 
against the council rather than 
any of its members. He ex- 
plained that the rebels were 
jointly and severally liable for 
the Lambeth surcharge of 
more than £100,000. 

If some were unable to pay 
anything there would be a 
much greater burden on oth- 
ers. “An order for costs is 
capable of crushing literally 
many, if not all, of these 
appellants,” Mr Read said 

The court's only concession 
was to cut the Lambeth sur- 
charge bill by almost £20,000, 
for technical reasons. That 
still leaves the 81 rebels in 

Tor five years. 

Mr Justice Russell said that 
the Lambeth bill should not 
have been cut He was con- 
vinced, unlik e his brother 
judges, that a political cam- 
paign against the Government 
by the rebels had been “their 
dominant motive from the 

Lord Justice GUdewell said 
. that delaying the fixing of a 
rate in Lambeth “contained 
an implied threat that sendees 
would deteriorate and that 
chaos would ensue”. There 
was no evidence of intent to 
carry out the threat. 

The Lambeth and Liver- 
pool case dates back to the 
abortive Labour rates rebel- 
lion of last year in which 20 
councils were briefly in- 
volved, and of which Mr 
Knight was one of the archi- 
tects. The idea was to delay 
rate-fixing in unison in the 
hope of putting pressure on 
ministers to unlock more gov- 
ernment grant • 

Liverpool and Lambeth 
were chosen for ten cases 
because they delayed for long- 
er than anybody else. 

The Audit Commission 
which employs district audi- 
tors, indicated after the case 
that they might try to recover 
more money from the 81 

Liverpool unions call for strike 

Trade muon leadcss in Liv- 
erpool:. -called on the BLOOO 
city half workforce fast isifefrt' 
to join- a 

in support*? tb* 

yesterday (Peter Davenport 
writes).' ’ ; -'c. 

The call camefrourMr fta 
Lowes, chairman of. the Joint 
Shop Stewards' Committee of 
council muons, and oue ofthe 
16 Labour Party members in 
the city to face expulsioa over 

their Militant activities. Transport and General 

' It -was^ot de«r last night Workers' Union, which has 
what response the call nd 2,006 members in the dty. 
brougfetTke colimnfttee .has A new umbrella organiza- 
represented - #r: ’tm .main- tarn, . fh^ Joiat Trade Union' 
isdoeawtoe lliedehipetf last Fbram now represents 17,000 

jour's a t te m pte d strike, 
daring. • -the. financial 

theedgeof ha nfaupte t. • - 
al. Municipal, Boilermakers’ 
and Allied Trades Union, with 
9,000 memberx,fhe largest 
focal authority dumb, and die 

dty him, worked from Nalgo, 
Nope, the Nidiemd Unioa ef 
Teachers and the cottstructipn 
workers’ union UCATT, and 
tost night headers said they 
had hot yet decide on 
any action. - 

. They . would, wait to see 
whether the coundflors in- 
tended to appeal 


Change for 
the better 

The ‘bare boards* 
image of British 
betting shops is 
about to give way to 
carpeted comfort, 
showing racing live 
on television, and 
serving snacks 

The Times Portfolio 
competition prize of £2,1 
was not worn yesterday so 
tomorrow the prize is £4,600. 
Portfolio list, page 20; how to 
play, information service, page 


Ten executed 

Ten Nigerian military officers 
have been executed by firing 
squad for iheir involvement m 
a coup plot tost December to 
topple President Ibrahim 

Chad bride 

Britain’s immigration laws are 
to be changed to P£ evt 'J^ , a 
repeal of ibe case of a bnde 
aged 12 brought- into the 
country by her student 
husband Page 3 

No smoking 

Most people want new laws to 
insist that no smoking areas be 
provided at work and in 
Page 3 


Horae News 3-4 
Otrneas 5-7 
Aohs 11& 
An* J3 

Books 9 


fWt - -12 
Crow words 8-32 
Dkr) I® 
Fctturn 8.10 
In Report 22 


Salt Roam 

Science „ 
Saa« RnK*» g 
Spot . 

Thortrt* i] 
JX & Radio 31 

Wc*ti** 32 

* * V * 

halts £1 bn merger 

By Richard Thomson, Banlring Cdrrespondant 

Flans for a merger between announced that banks could 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, and -Exco, the 
money broker, which would 
have created a new £1 billion 
fin an Hal services conglomer- 
ate, were called: off yesterday 
after talks with the Bank of 

The news raises questions 
about the future plans of both 

The deal foundered on the 
Bank's insistence that it could 
not make an exception to the 

n’Dn«n nmvicinnc u/hirh fim- 

O’Brien provisions which Em- 
it the size of bank involve- 
ment In money brokers to 10 

A spokesman for Morgan 
Grenfell said yesterday that 
both companies were disap- 
pointed Mr Bill Matthews, 
chief executive of Exco, said: 
“We have not entirely aban- 
doned hope but we cannot see 
a way forward at . the 

He said be hoped the bank- 
ing community could be per- 
suaded to change the O'Brien 
provisions in which case the 
two companies would revive 
their merger talks. “In the 
meantime, we are looking at 
alternatives in the financial 
services sector," be added. 

This is the second time in a 
matter of days that Morgan 
Grenfell has fallen foul of 
Bank of England rules. Last 
Friday the Bank of England 

not buy strategic stakes in 
companies amounting to 
more than 25 per amt of their 
capital base. 

The new rule was clearly 
prompted by Morgan 
Grenfell's activities in *the 
Distillers and United Biscuits 
takeover batiks in which it 
has taken large strategic 

The failure of the merger 
plans has revived speculation 
that Exco’s biggest sharehold- 
er, Tan Sri Khoo Teck Fuat, 
the Singapore businessman, 
will try to buy it. 

O Share prices climbed 
sharply yesterday to push the 
FT 30-share index above 
1,300 for the first time. It 
dosed at 1301.3, up 20 points 
mi the day. 

0 A target rate of about 
DM3.00 would be suitable for 
the pound, 614 per cent lower 
than present levels, according 
to an influential independent 
committee. A majority of the 
committee fervours immediate 
entry at this “central rate” to 
the European Monetary Sys- 

The; committee, chaired by 
Lord Croham (former Perma- 
nent Secretary to the Treasury 
and- now chairman of 
Guinness Peat) unanimously 
favours puhlic targets for the 
exchange rate. 

Shares soar, page 17 

A startled Prince Andrew was given a 
surprise send-off by shipmates yester- 
day when he left HMS Brazen at 
Devonport for the last time. 

About fifty sailors donned Biggles- 
style flying gear complete with gog- 
gles, flamboyant scarves and silly 

uniforms, for a rousing salute to the 
Prince. A chief petty officer, backed 
top a group with guitars, sang “I'm the 
King of the Swingers” from the film. 
The Jungle Book, - bat with different 

The Prince had inarched on to the 

flight deck to shake hands with 
Captain Richard Cobbold, his com- 
manding officer, and he whipped 
round in surprise when a band struck 
up, the hangar door slowly opened and 
50 pairs of feet began dancing to a 
tune from the musical 42nd Street. 

leads five 
BL bids 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Correspondent 

Mr Paul Channon, Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, told the Commons 
yesterday that British 
Ley land's bankers had re- 
ceived five bid declarations 
for parts of the state-owned 

But he refused to respond to 
MPs' questions about a 
timescale for decisions, in 
spite of firm Whitehall guid- 
ance tha t ministers want to tie 
up firm deals by the end of the 

Although the cabinet sub- 
committee may force a 
cfimbdqwn, it is also assumed 
that the Gfcneral'Motors bi<T 
will be . successful because it 
Offers the prospectof a dispos- 
al of Leyiand Trucks. 

Mr JohirSmith, the Opposi- 
tion spokesman, noted m the 
House that because of. that 
link ministers had got them- 
selves into a “hopeless bar- 
gaining position". 

Mr Channon announced 
that' the firm declarations 
received were: - 
0frcm Schroder Ventures on 
behalf of. some institutions 
and certain members of BL 
management, for Land Royer, 
Range Rover and .Freight 

0from Lonrho, for Land 
Rover and Range Rover; 
0from Aveling BarfonLfor 
f jnd Rover only; and 
0 from General Motors, for 
Land Rover, Range Rover, 
Freight Rover and Leyiand 
Trucks. . 

He also said that the Laird 
Group and Aveling Barford 
were each discussing the possi- 
bility of buying Leyiand Bus, 
in which certain members of 
managem ent were also inter- 
ested. There is a longer 
timescale for (hat potential 
sale. ’ 

Mr Channon said that he 
expected to receive BL board 
recommendations shortly and 
added: “The board and ibe 
Government remain anxious 
to end the present uncertainty 
surrounding these businesses 
as soon as possible.” 

He said repeatedly that 
decisions would be taken on 
the basis of the long-term 
interests of the different sec- 
tions of the company, includ- 
ing Leyiand Trucks. 

It was also announced by 
Mr Channon .that Mr Graham 
Day, the £$5,000-a-year chair- 
man of British Shipbuilders, is 
to lake over as chairman of BL 
from Sir Austin Bide once 
decisions have been made “on 
the future of the main Land 
Rover-Ley land businesses”. 

Mr Day’s new salary was 
not revealed. 

Parfiament, page 4 

ANC flags fly at 
township burial 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
As many as 50.000 people The council gave 
yesterday attended the funeral 

in Alexandra, the black ghetto 
in northern Johannesburg, for 
17 of the people killed there 
Iasi month in riots and clashes 
with police and troops. 

It was one of the biggest 
“political” funerals South Af- 
rica has seen. 

Black, green and yellow 
flags of the outlawed African 
National Congress were prom- 
inently displayed, and were 
also used as tails for each of 
the coffins. 

The proceedings began in a 
dusty football stadium in the 
centre of the township, with 
several hours of emotional 
speeches, punctuated- with 
dancing, singing and chants of 
“Viva (Nelson) Mandela” and 
“Viva (Oliver) Tarabo" 

ANC leadere). 

Thfe coffins were then -car- 
ried in .a mile-long cortege, 
which wound through filthy 
dirt streets, stinking with un- 
collected garbage and night 
soil, to the burial ground on a 
bare hillside overlooking the 
shanty town. 

The funeral was unusual in 
the number of whites who 
attended. They included dip- 
lomats from seven Western 
countries, including Britain, 
Opposition MPs. and mem- 
bers of the Black Sash 
women's civil rights group 
and of the National Union of 
South African Students. 

Councillors from Sandlon. 
one of the neighbouring while 
districts, were also present 

500 rand 

(£170) towards the funeral 
costs of each of the bereaved 

There was a stir when Mrs 
Winnie Mandela, wife of the 
jailed ANC leader, arrived. 
Dressed in black, she was 
ushered to her place 
Mrs Mandela, who is re- 
stricted by a “banning" order 
from open participation in 
politics, did not address the 
crowd herself. In a message 
read on her behalf, she said: 
“No amount of bullets can 
stop an idea whose time has 
come. Over the blood of our 
sons and daughters, we march 
to freedom." 

Mrs Albertina Sisulu, an- 
other formidable wife of a 
jailed ANC leader, drew 
(the ■ cheers from the crowd when 
she described the Govern- 
ment as “frightened 
cockroaches" and “greedy 
vultures who want to feed 

A member of the Alexandra 
Civic Association, Mr Mac 
Lekota, told journalists that 
the bodies of 13 other people 
killed in last month's violence 
were in the local mortuary, 
still unidentified. They might 
be migrants, who had no 
relatives in the township. 

The police, who said 23 
people were killed in the 
violence, kept out of the 
township yesterday, but 
mounted roadblocks outside. 
Cameras were banned by the 
police, but many were smug- 
gled in. 

Sport to aid 
famine fight 

A global marathon race will 
be the climax of a Sport Aid 
week in May to raise money 
for famine relief in Africa. 

It will be nm simultaneous- 
ly in 55 different cities and 
could be the biggest charitable 
event yet held. 

Bob Geldof of Band Aid was 
among the team launching the 
event yesterday. Page 2 

Doubt cast 
by Reagan 
on summit 

Washington (Reuter) - 
President Reagan was quoted 
as saying yesterday that he 
would call off a planned trip to 
Moscow next year unless the 
Soviet leader. Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, came to the Unit- 
ed Slates for a summit meet- 
ing this year. Mr Reagan’s 
statement was made at a 
breakfast meeting with a se- 
lected group of reporters. 

“I've got news for them.” 
Mr Reagan was reported to 
have said. "There won't be a 
summit in Moscow" if Mr 
Gorbachov does not come to 
the United States this year. 

Mr Gorbachov and Mr 
Reagan held their first summit 
in November in Geneva.They 
agreed 10 hold a summit in the 
United Slates this year and 
another in the Soviet Union in 
1987, but have so far foiled to 
agree on a dale for this year's 
summit. Mr Gorbachov has 
suggested September. Mr Rea- 
gan has asked for June. 

MP learns of 
public money 
fraud charge 

By Anthony Bevins 
■political Correspondent 

Sir Michael Havers, the. 
Attorney General, has told Mr 
Brian Sedgemore. the Labour 
MP for Hackney South and 
Shoreditch, that a person has 
been charged with a fraud 
involving the misappropria- 
tion of public money. 

- But the office of the Direc- 
tor of Publ ic Prosecutions and 
l be Law Officers' department 
were yesterday unwilliqg to 
give details. It is understood to 
relate to the Export Credits 
Guarantee Department, 

Pensions for mustard gas war victims 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Up to 600 British sailors 
contaminated by mustard gas 
daring an enemy bombing in 
Italy in 1943 are to receive 
backdated war pensions run- 
ning into many thousands of 

The more, costing the Gov- 
ernment several million 
pounds, follows a fight by a 
Labour and a Conservative 
MP on behalf of Mr Bertram 
Stevens who was exposed to' 
mustard gas at Bari Harbour 
when an American ship, carry? 

tag the substance to counter 
any attempt by the enemy to 
start gas warfare, blew op and 
mbIt. ' 

Mr Stevens, now aged 64, 
was on HMS Vnlcan, asnppfy 
■ship serving motor torpedo 
boats, when the ship went 
down, and “raponr” came 
across the harbour and hit 
them. It was only m December 
that it . was finally admitted 
that the substance was mns- 
tard gas. 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices, announced tost night 
that Mr Stevens, who has 
received a war pension only 
since November 1983, would 
have it backdated to when his 
symptoms due to the Bari 
incident first showed them- 

That to understood to be at 

toast as far back as the early 
1960s and it was said last night 
that Mr Stevens can expect to 
receive a tamp sum running 
into five figmes. 

Mr Fowler added that the 
cases of the 600 or so other 
casualties who were contami- 
nated by mustard gas in the 
bombing would have then- 
cases investigated to see 
whether similar action was 

Dr Oonaph McDonald, La- 
bour MP for Thurrock, said 
last night she was absolutely 
delighted: “I am not only 
pleased for Mr Stevens but 
also hope that the other 600 
men who were on board that 

ship will get the same 

Mr Michael Mates. Conser- 
vative MP for Hampshire 
East who was also involved in 
the campaign, said tost night: 
“It is honest and decent of the 
Government to have acknowl- 
edged the anomaly and to have 
made restitution. 1 am quite 
delighted that they have done 

Mr Stevens, who now re- 
ceives a £37.50 a week war 
disablement pension, regular- 
ly has to take oxygen because 
of his illness. His wife, Betty, 
said tost night that it had been 
a week after the bombing 
before her husband was able to 
get treatment- 

troops in 

From Tony Sams tag 

Seven Norwegian soldiers 
died and seven others were 
missing yesterday after an 
avalanche buried a group of 27 
infantrymen on routine Nato 
military exercises above the 
Arctic Cirde in Norway. 

More than 100 troops nsing 
dogs and helicopters were 
continuing the search in ap- 
palling weather conditions. 

The avalanche, in the 
Vassdalen valley near the port 
city of Narvik, came in the 
wake of days of a very heavy 
snowfall, the spokesman said. 

Although the snow had 
eased somewhat, high winds, 
heavy drifting and reduced 
visibility continued to hamper 
the search. 

Some 20,000 troops from 
eight Nato countries are par- 
ticipating in “Anchor 
Express”, the largest of the 
alliance’s biannual Northern 
Express exercises. 

The rescue centre at 
Bardufoss reported last night 
that 17 men, including the 
dead, had been flown to a 
hospital nearby. 

Three of those buried by the 
avalanche were uninjured. 

0 LONDON: A spokesman 
for the Ministry of Defence 
said last night first reports 
indicated that there were no 
British casualties. 

hit back 
in home 
loan war 

By Lawrence Lever 

The battle for the mortgage 
market between the high street 
banks and the building societ- 
ies hotted up yesterday when 
the three largest building soci- 
eties — the Halifax. Abbey 
National, and Nationwide - 
abolished the half a per cent 
extra interest rate charged on 
endowment mortgages. 

At the same time the Pru- 
dential, Britain's largest insur- 
ance company, announced 
that it was entering the mort- 
gage market. 

The three building societies 
said that the new rates — 12.75 
per cent for both endowment 
and repayment mortgages — 
will apply 10 new borrowers. 

Existing borrowers would be 
brought into line by at least 
June I. 

The move will cut £5.83 and 
£8.75 a month from net inter- 
est payments on a £20,000 and 
a £30,000 a month endowment 
mortgage respectively. 

The gross interest payments 
on a £40.000 endowment 
mongage will foil £16.67 a 
month to £425. 

The move by the building 
societies is in response to the 
high street banks, which abol- 
ished differential rates last 
week, making their endow- 
ment mortgage rates cheaper 
than the building societies' 

The move, like that of the 
clearing banks, is timed to 
catch the traditionally buoyant 
demand for mortgages in the 
three months round Easter. 

The Prudential — which 
expeas to be lending mort- 
gages at the rate of £500 
million a year within the next 
few months, according to a 
spokesman — will also not 
charge differential rates. 

However, the Pro's rates for 
mortgages below £50.000 will 
be 12.95 per cent — slightly 
more than the building society 
rates but marginally below 
those of the high street banks. 

On loans above £50,000, the 
Pro's rates will be the same as 
those of the building societies 
at 12.75 per cent 

Mr Tim Melville Ross, chief 
general manager of the Nation- 
wide, said, however, that he 
was concerned at the impaa 
the fierce competition would 
have on mortgage rates. 

The Nationwide’s abolish- 
ing of the endowment differen- 
tial, as a result of the banks' 
pressure, could well mean that 
any general reduction in mort- 
gage rates this year would be 
smaller than it could otherwise 
have been, he said. 

Two of the societies, the 
Abbey National and Nation- 
wide. promised to bring the 
two rates into line should there 
be a move on interest rates 
before June I. 


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Tory policy 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

A health authority chair* 

, man who was effectively 
forced out of the Labour Party 
for pursuing government poli- 
cies on the health service has 
been told by Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of Slate for 
Social Services, that his ap- 
pointment is not to be re- 

Mr Sam Dougherty, chair- 
man of Wandsworth health 
authority, has been told his 
. appointment is to end in the 
'coming round of appoint- 
ments and re-appointments of 
chairmen of the 190 district 
- health authorities, even 
though he wished to continue 
for another four-year term. 

Dr John Todd, chairman of 
Canterbury and Thanet health 
authority, has also not been 
reappointed in spite of wish- 
ing to continue, after he spoke 
out about the financial diffi- 
1 cullies his district was facing. 

The effective dismissals 
come amid fears by health 
authority chairmen and offi- 
cers that health ministers are 
trying to replace chairmen 
who "have fought publicly for 
more resources with “safe 
Conservative hands”. 

They believe that the Gov- 
ernment wants to stop health 
authorities “rocking the boat” 
about NHS cuts as the general 
election approaches. 

Wandsworth, as a losing 
■inner-city district, has had its 
share of disagreements over 
■ resources, and ministers are 
understood to be reluctant to 
renew the appointments of at 
least two other inner-city 
chairmen in London whose 
authorities have resisted cuts. 

Mr Dougherty was de- 
scribed by a fellow chairman 
who is a Conservative Party 
supporter yesterday as “a first- 
class chairman who was virtu- 
ally expelled from the Labour 
Party for implementing hospi- 
tal cuts”. 

He added: “It really does 
look as though ministers do 
not want chairmen who are 
going about making a fuss 

“It looks as though they are 
appointing chairmen on polit- 
ical rather than health service 

Mr Dougherty, who has 
been chairman of Wands- 
worth for just over four years, 
presided over the closure of 
the South London Hospital 
for Women. 

He used his casting vote to 
push through privatization of 
cleaning services at Spring- 
field mental hospital, which 
saved £100.000. and has cut 
about £8 million from the 
health authority’s revenue 
budget over four years as the 
district has had to surrender 
funds to otber parts of the 
health service. 

Mr Dougheny, a former 
ma\or of Wandsworth, came 
under heavy pressure from his 
local Labour Party to resist 
cuts, but said yesterday” “Be- 
cause I was appointed by Lhe 
minister it was my duty to 
carry out the policy of the 
Go lemmenL” 

He said that he had left the 
Labour Party after more than 
30 years because of the pres- 
sures to which he was being 
subjected, and which were 
making it very difficult for 
him to continue his job. 

Judges in 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 

A group of lawyers is divid- 
ed over the merits of a 
proposal which would allow 
the ombudsman to investigate 
complaints against judges. 

The committee, set up to 
recommend reforms pn the 
administration of the courts, 
has tailed to reach a united 
view on the proposal which 
was made to meet public 
concern that the present sys- 
tem offers no channel for such 

But it is expected that in its 
forthcoming report the com- 
. mittee will recommend unani- 
mously that the 
responsibilities of the Home 
Office and the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department for 

■ the administration of justice 
'be merged into one depart- 

That at least would elimi- 
•nate the confusion arising 
' from the present split in 

■ responsibilities which often 
'means that complainants do 
; not know where even to send 
. their complaints. 

At present the ombudsman, 
-or Parliamentary Commis- 
. sioner for Administration, can 
'investigate things done on 
'behalf of the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department or 
; the Home Office, provided the 
aggrieved person cannot take 
; the matter to court- 

■ But he cannot investigate 
things done by or on behalf of 


Several members of the 

- committee were concerned 
' that there is no way someone 

- can complain about a judicial 
; decision, although they can 

complain about one by a court 
, official. 

Many complaints con- 
cerned the behaviour of judges 
; and a majority on the commit- 

■ tee fell thau as misbehaviour 
;in the public service amount- 
ed to maladministration, one 
; remedy was to extend the 
jurisdiction of the ombuds- 
, man. 

Bui a minority group was 

■ concerned that such a propos- 
, al would pose a threat to the 
• independence of the judiciary. 

pay panel 
sets date 

By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

The three men appointed by 
the Advisory. Conciliation and 
Arbitration Service (Acas) to 
look at the long-term problems 
of teachers* pay and conditions 
begin their deliberations to- 

The panel is doe to meet the 
teachers’ anions and local 
authority employers for the 
first time in the afternoon, 
provided the pay settlement Is 
ratified today, as expected, by 
CLEA/ST, the conditions of 
service negotiating body. 

The five teaching onions 
which signed the pay settle- 
ment on Monday are hoping 
that the talks, scheduled to 
take six months, will bring the 
big salary increase they have 
been demanding. The employ- 
ers for their part hope that 
they will decide once and for 
ail what teachers are required 
to do contractually. 

The biggest teaching union, 
the National Union of Teach- 
ers, which is not a party to the 
settlement, has been invited by 
Acas to take part in the talks 
informally, and it is expected 
to accept 

Attacks on 
NCB over 
pay and 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

The National Coal Board 
found itself under attack yes- 
terday by pit managers wor- 
ried abo’ut needless colliery 
closures. and by the break- 
away miners' union which is 
to lake legal action over wage- 
rise anomalies. 

The British Association of 
Colliery Management, in a 
highly critical written submis- 
sion to the Commons Energy 
Select Committee, attacked 
ibe board’s “fetish” with mar- 
ket forces, which it said was 
against the long-term iniere 
of the industry and the econo- 

The association, which rep- 
resents 14.000 middle and 
senior coal industry managers, 
said that it did not disagree 
with the board's desire to 
eliminate government subsi- 
dy. But if the strategy was 
implemented too literally, 
“the effect will be to unjustifi- 
ably increase the rate of 

“We are concerned that the 
board's new strategy is defi- 
cient in a number of respects 
and that it reflects an essen- 
tially reactive and short-term 
response to the industry's 
problems”, the association 

The strategy meant that 
surplus capacity could be 
eliminated, even if it was 
economic, because of market 

The pit managers recom- 
mended that the maximum 
use of coal should be encour- 
aged. particularly in the public 
sector and by the British Steel 
Corporation. Coal imports 
should be discouraged. 

The disclosure that the 
Union of Democratic 
Mineworkers is taking action 
against the board's refusal to 
pay some members an agreed 
wage rise was made by Mr 
Roy Link, its general secre- 
tary'. who said that large 
proportions of its manage- 
ment did not want to recog- 
nize the new union and tried 
to pretend it didn't exist. 

He told the Commons Ener- 
gy Select Committee that the 
NCB recognized the UDM in 
areas where the union had 
more than half the miners as 
members. But in other re- 
gions. even where there was a 
substantial minority of UDM 
members, the board would 
not recognize the union or pay 
them an agreed wage rise. 

Mr Lynk told the MPs that- 
lhe NCB was not paying over 
the extra cash because they did 
.not want lo, 

The pay increase of £5.50p a 
week plus a shift bonus was 
accepted by leaders of the 
UDM last November. It has 
been paid to miners in Not- 
tinghamshire and South Der- 
byshire where the union has a 
large membership, but with 
certain exceptions has not 
been paid to members else- 

The NCB confirmed last 
night that it had received a 
writ from Mr Lynk’s union. 


Contrary to our report of 
February 8, the publishers of 
Easienders magazine, defen- 
dants to a High Court copyright 
action by the BBC. are Choice 
Publishers Limited, and not 
Choice Publications. 

The proposed development with the Hungerford footbridge (right) seen from the river. 




3 11 is ' 

. .."'c* .-ul v-w' 

• • y"' j- : 
” . A'- 

By Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

Plans For a £100 million 
development and urban renew- 
al scheme at Charing Cross 
station, London, were unveiled 
yesterday by Mr Terry Far- 
relL, the architect, on behalf of 
Greycoat Group and British 
Railways Board. 

The scheme, called the 
Charing Cross Centre, is being 
submitted to Westminster City 
Council for planning permis- 
sion this week. It covers 
several acres between the 
Charing Cross Hotel on the 
Strand and the River Thames 
Embankment point 

Air rights have been granted 
by British Rail for offices over 
the station concourse. They 
will have a vaulted roof similar 
to the original one, which 
preceded the supposedly tem- 
porary flat roof built in 1905. 

The Hungerford pedestrian 
bridge over the river will be 
linked to the concourse, and 
covered escalators will connect 
it to ViHters Street, to the east. 

Embankment Gardens will 
be opened and the bandstand 
moved, and anamphitheatre is 
proposed at the York Water- 
gate arch. 

Mr Farrell (left), with Mr Geoffrey Wilson of Greycoat 

The offices, with new build- 
ings on Vllliers Street, will 
total 430.000 sq ft, and run the 
length of the station, behind 
the listed hotel by Barry. 

Work already being done on 
the station will be accelerated, 
but not as part of the scheme. 

Vaults beneath the station 
will provide 47,000 sq ft for 
shops, other commercial use, 
the rebuilding of the Players 
Theatre, and a sports centre. 

Virtually nothing will be 
demolished if the proposals go 

on the 
over leak 

By Stephen Goodwin 
Political Staff 

Sir Robert Armstrong, the 
Cabinet Secretary, was in- 
volved in angry exchanges 
before . a Commons select 
committee yesterday. 

He again defended the role 
of senior Civil Servants in the 
leak of the Solicitor General's 
letter during the . Westland 
affair. ... 

He told the MPS that offi- 
cials at 10 Downing Street and 
the Department of' Trade and 
Industry had paid “a consider- 
able price” in terms of anxiety 
and public exposure. 

But although Sir Robert 
regretted their failure to recog- 
nize the sensitivity of the 
critical letter to Mr Michael 
Heseitine. then Secretary of 
Slate for Defence, he did not 
think it warranted disciplinary 

At one moment during his 
cross-examination Sir Robert 

was told by Dr John Gilbert, 
Labour Mr 

for Dudley East, 

that he was surrounded by “a 
sea of outrage” 

It was the Cabinet 
Secretary’s second appearance 
before the defence committee. 

Sir Robert conducted the 
inquiry into the leak of Sir 
Patrick Mayhew’s letter on 
January 6, but has steadfastly 
refused to name the top 
officials involved. 

Members of the committee 
had no such qualms, constant- 
ly referring to Mr Bernard 
Ingham, the Prime Minister’s 
press secretary, Mr Charles 
PoweU, a private secretary m 
her office at No 10, and Miss 
Colette Bowe, head of infor- 
mation at the Department of 
Trade and Industry. 

Sir Robert condemned Dr 
Gilbert's description of events 
as “grossly unfair”. 

He said that the officials 
concerned all had the author- 
ity of a minister (Mr Britian) 
who had accepted foil respon- 
sibility for “the fact and form” 
of the disclosure. He had 
never considered, resigning 

by Yard 

By Stewart Tendier 
Crime Reporter 

A police sergeant was sus- 
pended yesterday by Scotland 
Yard officere investigating the 
case of five north London 
youths beaten up two years 
ago outside a funfair by offi- 
cers from a district police van. 

The officer, based at Hamp- 
stead. has been suspended 
“pending further inquiries". 

Last month four constables 
in their twenties were charged 
with conspiracy with others to 
assault the youths. 

The five were attacked by 
officers from a patrolling van 
in Holloway. Two had hospi- 
tal treatment. 

Three inquiries were held to 
try to trace the culprits but 
investigators did not get be- 
yond the fact that the atiackers 
came from one of three police 
vans in the district until a 
confidential telephone line 
was set up. 

Global race to fight famine 

Hundreds of thousands of 
people are expected to take 
part in a global marathon race 
in May. It will be run simulta- 
neously in 55 different cities at 
the end of a week of fund- 
raising called Sport Aid. 

Plans outlined yesterday 
could make it the biggest 
charitable event yet held. 

The race, which is being 
organized jointly by Band Aid 
and the United Nations, seems 
likely to raise amounts similar 
to those collected after last 
year's Live Aid concert when 
100 million dollars was con- 
tributed towards famine relief 
and development work in Afri- 

It was launched yesterday 
by a team which included Bob 
Geldof of Band Aid. Mr James 
Grant, the executive director 
of the United Nations 

By Paul Vallely 
Children's Fund, Sebastian 
Coe, the Olympic gold medal- 
list. Bryan Robson, the cap- 
tain of the England football 
team, and Bobby Charlton, the 
former England international. 

Bob Geldof called for 
schools, clubs, offices and 
local authorities to organize 
parallel unofficial events to 
coincide with the official races 
which would be linked by 

The week's sporting fixtures 
are expected to include ap- 
pearances from most of the 
world's leading sportsmen. 

Countries which have al- 
ready confirmed their partici- 
pation in the simultaneous 
race against time include Aus- 
tralia. Hungary, Iceland, Ja- 
pan, Korea, the Philippines, 
Tanzania, the US and most 
European countries. 

Sport Aid will be inaugurat- 
ed by an Ethiopian runner who 
will light a torch from the fire 
of an Ethiopian refugee camp 
and then run with it through 
12 European capitals and 
arrive in New York on May 25 
on the eve of the UN General 
Assembly's first special ses- 
sion on Africa. 

Before the UN headquarters 
be will light the fire which, 
televised all over the world, 
will be the signal for the race 
to begin in each place, irre- 
spective of the time of day or 

in each city the course will 
be 10 kilometres long to 
symbolise the 10 years of 
effort needed to halve the child 
mortality rate in Africa. 

Sport Aid is being co- 
ordinated through the Nation- 
al Exhibition Centre in 

urge Pill 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation yesterday urged the Gen- 
eral . • Medical . Council to 
reconsider its advice to doc- 
tors to tell parents when a girl 
aged under' 16 seeks contra- 
ceptive advice if they consider 
her loo immature to under- 
stand the issues involved. 

The council of the BMA 
also reiterated its advice to 
doctors that they must main- 
tain the girl's confidentiality 
even if they decide she is too 
immature to receive the pill or 
other contraceptive treatment 

Dr John Marks, BMA coun- 
cil chairman, said it was their 
view that doctors should keep 
the consultation confidential. 
“The GMCs advice is that in 
those circumstances he may 
inform the parents of the 
consultation if he considers 
that is in the girl's best 

The CMC is planning to 
review its guidance on about 
treatment for under age girls. 
The Department of Health is 
expected to issue its new 
guidance today after last year’s 
ruling by the Law lords. 

Meanwhile, doctors yester- 
day backed the right of pa- 
tients to have access to their 
medical records, but with 
some reservations. Under the 
Data Protection Act, health 
ministers have to decide the 
extent to which patients 
should be allowed access to 
their medical records. 

The BMA council proposed 
that patients should be given 
access to their records, subject 
to the discretion of their 
doctor, and. if they are not 
satisfied with the information, 
they should have the right to 
seek access through an inde- 
pendent doctor of their choice 
who would look at the record 
for them. 

In the last resort, patients 
could bring a court action to 
seek access to any information 

Further Anglo-Irish talks 

Unionist alliance 

under strain 

From Richard Ford + Belfast x 
Britatn.ahd the Irish Repub- managed to paper over cracks, 
lie will hold a further session but this is becoming rncreas- 
of the Anglo-Irish conference ingly difficult after the day of 
within two weeks in spite of action degenerated into wo- 

demands from Unionists' for 
the agreement’s suspension. 

The fourth full meeting of 
the joint ministerial confer- 
ence, between Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland, and Mr Peter 
Barry, the republic's Minister 
for Foreign Affairs, is expected 
to be held in Belfast, and 
signals the Government's de- 
termination to implement the 
Anglo-Irish agreement.. 

Although Unionist leaders 
appealed for a suspension of 
the deal, or “some of the 
mechanism” to allow negotia- 
tions on devolution to begin, 
both governments are com- 
mitted to implementing the 

There are growing indica- 
tions that the Government is 
taking seriously the possibility 
of a change in the Unionist 
leadership after the violent 
day of action, which even 
moderate Unionists privately 
admit backfired disastrously. 

The tactic ended the grow- 
ing pressure that was being put 
upon Mr John Hume, leader 
of the Social Democratic and 
Labour Party, to be more 
conciliatory towards Union- 
ists. While the role of the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary 
dampened SDLP enthusiasm 
to support the security forces. 

Meanwhile, the uneasy alli- 
ance between Northern 
Ireland's two main Unionist 
parties is under growing strain 
which many suspect will lead 
to a split. 

In spite of loud protesta- 
tions of friendship, the Offi- 
cial Unionist Party is unhappy 
at finding itself locked in an 
embrace with the Democratic 

So far both parties and their 
leaders, Mr James Molyneaux 
and the Rev Ian Paisley, have 


Mr Molyneaux, of the OUP, 
made a strong denunciation of 
the hooliganism and intimida- 
tion, taking his allies by 

He then publicly highlight- 
ed the division between his 
organization and that of Mr 
Paisley by insisting his party 
would not back a similar day 
of action. Mr Paisley made no 
such pledge, nor did he rule 
out further industrial stop- 

The division between the 
two men, who have recently 
taken to calling each other 
“my good friend Ian” and 
“my colleague Jim” was the 
first public sign of differences. 

A soldier was killed and 
another seriously Injured when 
an Army Land Rover was 
struck by a train on a level 
crossing in Co Londonderry. 
The soldiers were sitting in the 
hack of the vehicle, which was 
returning to the Shackleton 
Army camp at Bally kelly dur- 
ing the night. 

Acrimonious disputes have 
punctuated meetings of the 
working party designing a 
strategy of opposition to the 
agreement, with Official 
Unionists expressing concern 
at some of the ideas lo escalate 
the campaign. 

Official Unionists have been 
alarmed a i suggestions to 
picket the homes of those 
refusjng to leave government 
appointed bodies running 
education and health. 

In keeping with the different 
backgrounds and philosophies 
of the parties, the younger, 
brasher DUP members have 
accused the Official Unionists 
of lacking the stomach for a 


given to 

fixed drug 

B v Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

The first geoetkafly engi- 
neered drug to receive a 
licence in Britain has been 
approved by the Committee 
for the Safety of Medsriuo. 

The compound beku^s to 
the femilv of interferons, the. | 
group of molecules wfcicht&c 
body pro^ces naturally .dor-' 
ing vims infections, • 

Permission was granted for . 
the use of the substance called 
Weliferoo specifically for the. _ 
treatment of an uncommon . 
condition known as ftair ceU 

The drug has undergone 
extensive trials by groups in 

Portsmouth, and Maidstone 
who were working with Dr 
Daniel Catovsky of the Medi- 
cal Research. Council's 
Leukaemia Unit at the Royal 
Postgraduate Medical School 
At a meeting of tfreRdyal 
Society in London last 0 
the development of interferon 
was described from its labora- 
tory discovery n eariy. ffiaty 
vears ago to its refinement by 
ihe Wellcome Biotechnology, 
at Beckenham; in Kesk isan 
anti-cancer drug. : :£ 

Interferon was tb enra xati- 
vira! agent discovered?:, in 
research at the Natidftittkisti- 
tute for Medical Resatfot in . 
north London, in 195?;- ^ : 

The Wellferon preparation , 
has also been effective.? in- 
eliminating warts that feme 
resisted other treatments and 
as an additional aid in over- . 
coming the problems of infec- 
tion among patients,/ 
undergoing organ traa$p43B& £ 

Herbage fails 

Mr Alex Herbage, the inter- 
national financier awaiting ex- 
tradition proceedings -fbtlar 
United States on 46 mfifioo 
dollar fraud charges, yesterday 
tost a High Court bid to be 
released from Pentonvffie. 
prison where he has been is' 
custody since since test Octo- 

£2m for care 

Caring organizations in 
Britain are getting nearly £2 
million from the European 
Community's £18.8 million 
anti-poveny fund, it was. an- 
nounced 'in Brussels yester- 




The post held by Mr Ray 
Honeyford. who retired , as. 
bead-teacher of Drummond . 
Middle School. Bradford, 
West Yorkshire, after a race 
row. is to be rcadvertised ; 
because no suitable candidates 
have applied. 

Jail reopens 

Winchester Prison reopens 
to visitora and resumes mov- 
ing prisoners to courts today 
after being closed oo Monday 
when two cases of meningitis 
were discovered among in- 

Rail talks call 

. Rail union leaders’ have 
decided that British Raffs 5 
per cent “final” pay offer is 
inadequate and they artr to 
seek urgent talks on behalf of 
120.000 rati workers. . 

Sweet warning 

Police warned _ 

Bristol yesterday to.* — 

fudge spiked with canfrabis 
resin that might fall into 
children's hands after. the 
sweet was found in a raid; 

MP pulls put 

Mr John Forrester, the la-, 
hour MP. has pulled outfrf the 
re-sdection battle for his 
Sioke-on-Treni North scat 



A headline an February-: 2D ' 
wrongly _ implied that ‘ the 
Commission for Racial Equality 
had declared - unlawful'.-! 1 '.an 
advertisement by Dwyfor coon- 
cil; the commission • is,- still . 
considering the adventsdneot- 

P* QtP4 TtM Ttmra owntu 

Austria sen 39 : GhrfgninT 
Canada 32.76. Canari«* 

telm w Mkh 9 00 France 
Germany dm 5-SCh antra 
Greece Dr leo: Houand a 1 

tireece Dr luo: Holland d AAtlM ■ 
Republic- nop: iKy L 2.7D& LawSi- tf 

900: Pakistan 


3 oo. TuaftM Din saoD ■ 

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people want law 

in restaurants 


■ Smoke-tinee ‘ areas at 
“ aife: in restaurants should be 
tew > “coding to 
' -a Which? -sui^rey published 

rmy-eighi per cent of the 
“ * ^ those Questioned believed that 
: employers' should have to 
' "provide snMke^free areas at 
,;work. . 

/More than half the smokere 
7 in the survey and three- 
.quarters of!. the non-smo kers 
■•-pelieved:. restaurants should 

• also be legally required to have 
^no-smofang. .areas. Which? 
~ 'says in itssurvey on attitudes 
; . to smoking. ; . 

7 71** magazine says that 
_ apart from the cost of smokme 
~ £ 20*000 over a lifetime fora 
/ typical smoker in their twen- 
’■ . ties - there is now an over- 
**. whelming consensus among 

*s 1 mumns, Soda! Services Correspondent . 
medical experts about the : from lung or bean disease can 
Gangers of foe habit. - have their condition aggravat- 

won-smokers do have soma ed. 

second-hand cigarette 

s; siu^dt 

.g e oplc ' s - curette In michTismvi of 1^254 
people “ '984 and afiirther 
ab^^V 0011 ^- 813 interviewed in 1985, two- 
from both thirds of non-smokers said 
nogsmoters for th^Twere sometimes initated 
JSZSL™ 1 '* 1 ** m by second-hand smoke and 
rw,tJ uT" . even one in four smokers said 

***■ they too found other people’s 
of nn^cmnW a smote irritating at times. 

wS??jiS?§ elthlltabim Regular smokere cut five 
Whirh^^lh^ - >*rn years off their life expectancy, 

a for those who start young 

of never give up the figure is 

of breathing other people’s l0lo 15 ySrs. 

oSS? C rtr ! Sf >lce! J* 1 - ?*£’* One in four regular smokers 

15 he&D ~ dies from the habiLTwo of the 
m^toonera:. . remaining three have their 

People who already suffer health Impaired: and a smoker 






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1£5f[s\h ' 

; doubted 

T . Derry Mainwaring Knight, 
a self-confessed Satanist, 
. •„ claimed to a Christian training 

- centre lecturer that a Roman 
... Catholic cardinal- was one of 

the top Satanists in Britain, a 
. court heard yesterday^ .. . . 
“s The lecturer, life Rev»Mi- 
chaei Barling. told Maidstone 
Crown Gbint that Mr Knight 
■_ alleged that* Britain’s devil 
.7 worship orgai iSarijm. was 
. 7 basfed iii a building ihxondozi. 

! . The wealthy Christians, who 
7. gave money appointed Mr 
Barling and the Rev Colin 
Urquhart to test if Mr Knight 
was genuine, the court heard. 
Mr Barling was unhappy 
' with Mr Knight'S answers to 
two crucial questions in an 
:* interview in January 1985 
'-about his : commmitment to 
becoming a Christian. Mr 

- Barling was impossible 
to remain a member of a 
Satanic organization and also 
be a Christian. 

He told the court: “Mr 

- ’ Knight described some as- 

pects of Satanism in relation 
to its hierarchy and various 
„ church people, including a 
Roman Catholic cardinal, 
who were highly active in it 
and its various ceremonies. 

Mr Knigbt ^maintained 
' there was a building in Lon- 
‘ don that was the headquarters 
; of the organization” and re- 
; . ferred to a ring, chalice, sword 

and throne among regalia that 

had to be bought and de- 
stroyed to release him and 
thousands of others from the 
Devil’s controL 

’ ‘ Mr Knight, aged 47, of 
' Dormans Land, Surrey, denies 
*'19 charges of obtaining. 
-£203,850 by deception. 

He has claimed he needed 
the money to buy Satanic 

■ “ regalia to free; himself front the 
. . control of the Devfl. But it is 
*». alleged that be spent it on high 

living, fast cars and women. 

Mr Bariin said Mr Knight 
became agitated when ques- 
tioned about bow he could be 

■ -a Satanist; and a committed 
T; Christian. 

“He appeared to find it 
- ; difficult. He stood up and saw 
*7 something like ‘I have had 
enough : of this' and waited 
' -oiit” 

The trial continues today. 

Hospital write 

to woman 
dead 14 years 

* An investigation was prom- 
ised yesterday into. how a 
Doncaster hospital sent - a 

• letter to a woman, 14 years 

- after she dikxk telling her no 
bed was yet available. 

: Her widower. Mr Dennis 
Eyre of Bentiey. Souih York- 
shire has demanded an apolo- 
gy. .... 

Families Technical 
get wreck graduate 
libel cash shortfall 

The famines of the eight By Lucy Hodges 
crewmen who died when the Education Correspondent 
freighter Union Star off _ , 

Land’s End in December 1981, The market for graduates is 
along with the Penfee lifeboat, booming but the number of 
are to share substantial High students passing degree 

Second-hand cigarette 
smoke also was clearly irritat 
ing. ■ 

. In Which?* survey of 1,254 
people in 1984 and a. further 
81 3. interviewed in 1985, two- 
thirds of non-smokers said 
they were sometimes irritated 
by second-hand smote and 
even one in four smokers said 
they too found other people’s 
smote irritating at times. 

Regular smokere cut five 
years off their life expectancy, 
and for those who start young 
and never give up the figure is 
10 to 15 years. 

One in four regular smokers 
dies from the habit. Two of the 
remaining, three have their 
health impaired; and a smoker 
aged between 35 and 60 is 
twice as likely to die within the 
next year as a non-smoker. 

•The survey found that 
three-quarters of adult smok- 
ers want to quit or cut down, 
only one in SO smokers is glad 
they started, and threequar- 
ters say they wish they never 

' But the Tobacco Advisory 
Council • yesterday claimed 
there was no proof that the 
health of non-smokers was 
harmed by second-hand 

Publishing its own assess- 
ment of the scientific evi- 
dence; it said that banning 
smoking in public places or at 
work “simply cannot be justi- 
fied on health grounds”. 

• Unions and management at 
John Flayer, the Nottingham- 
based tobacco company, yes- 
terday attacked a smoking ban 
planned by city councillors 
because the firm provides 
work for 3/100 people. 




Gary Napper putting gold leaf on the sur ro un d of a Reynolds bust during restoration work 
on the National Gallery ’3 octagonal dome yesterday (Photograph: Bill W&rhnrst). 

Nursing manpower 

Action call over ‘shortage’ 

By Nicholas Timmins Social Sendees Correspondent 

Goart fibel damage* . 
The tragedy also dairoed 

courees, including those in key 
disciplines such as electrical 

the lives of the eight^nae crew and electronic engineering, is 
of the lifeboat,. Solomon felling, according to foe Insti- 

Browae. . tote of Manpower Studies at 

Mr Jtkhard Walter, emm- Sussex University, 
seller Unfeo TransportXLon- ’ That means that companies 
don), owners oftheUnion wfll have difficulty recruiting 
Star. toM Mr Justice Bonham graduates in key technological 

Star, toMMrJastice Bonham I 
yesterday that many ef the , 
reports were - speculative and | 
inaccurate. • . 

. .Mr Walker said that aDega- 
tidus-ui the Dotty Mirror, 
Dtdty MoH, Daity Star, -The 
Guardian, the Dotty E xpr e ss 
aoA Lloyd’s List were false and 
thesix pabGeatitus apologized 
separately. - 

They agreed to pay the 
undisclosed damages and ail 

areas, Ihe institute says. 

The number of electrical/ 
electronic engineers graduat- 
ing will fell .from a peak of 
2,305 in 1984 to fewer than 
2,000 this year. . Engineering 
and technology graduates will 
foil from 8,694 to 7,889. 

There is significant scope 
for more efficient and effec- 
tive deployment of nurses 
over the whole of foe National 
Health Service, foe Public 
Accounts Committee says in a 
paper published yesterday. 

But at the same time it says 
that there is the prospect of a 
telling shortage of nurses in a 
few years and foe Department 
of Health must “consider 
urgently what needs to be 

The committee says it is 
worried by evidence from foe 
Royal College of Nursing that 
changes in foe age structure 
make it likely that there will be 
a significant fall shortly in foe 
□umber of women aged 18 
entering nursing. 

At foe same time 35 per cent 

Sex case 
of terror’ 

Tony Bromwich, an appren- 1 
tice, aged 19, garrotted and 
sexually attacked a number of 

of those who enter nurse 
training fail to qualify. 

The Department of Health 
confirms foal there could be 
“trouble with foe nursing 
supply” in two years' time. 

While agreeing that nursing 
manpower is unevenly distrib- 
uted, the department has no 
more idea now than it had 17 
years ago whether foe NHS 
employs too many or too few 

still significant cope for sav- 
ings in nurses manpower by 
reducing shift overlaps, chang- 
ing foe mix of grades em- 
ployed, and introducing five- 
day wards for minor surgery, 
which can cut costs without 
damaging patient care. 

Evidence that one authority 
identified savings of £400.000 
from five-day wards, and an- 
other found savings of 

nurses, which it finds disturb- £378,000 on an £1 1 million 

ing. foe committee says. 

“The prospect of a future 
shortage of nurses is a most 
serious matter of direct impor- 
tance to patients. We expea 
foe DHSS to consider urgently 

nursing budget by examining 
foe mix of grades it employed, 
lends weight to foe view that 
more effective management 
could improve efficiency 
without sacrificing foe quality 

what needs to be done, oiling of patient care. 

upon whatever expert advice • Control of Nursing Afanpow 

is available.” 

■ The committee says there is 

(House of Commons Paper 98; 
Stationery Office: £4.40). 

Arts Council gives 
grant increases 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

legal costs. 

Mr Walker said font Union 
Transport had requested tint 
the damages should be given to 
a fend for the families of the 
Union Star’s anew. • • • 

. Mr Richard Pearson, the women during a five- week 
institute's associate direaor, reign of terror, it was alleged at 
said foe Government’s change foe Central Criminal Court 
of emphasis to engineering yesterday, 
and technology subjects Seven women, aged be- 
should boost supply by 25 per tween 15 and 33, were at- 
cent, but that could be under- tacked in north and east 
mined by a shortage of suit- London between March and 

able students with A level May last year. 

mathematics and physics. 

British set to get more 
time-saving gadgets 

By B0I Jolmstone^Tedinology Correspondent ' 

Home owners in Britain are 
prepared to buy plenty of 
timersaving electronic devices 
in foe next 10 years, according 
to. a survey completed by 
MORI for Philips, the Europe- 
an -consumer electronics firm. 

The study which coincides 
with foe Ideal Home Exhibi- 
tion in London, shows that 
microwave ovens, video 
recorders/disc players and 
cordless telephones will be 
commonplace within a de- 

Satellite television and flat 
screen televisions — which can 
be easily moved — wiH be 

Retailers and manufactur- 
ers have predicted sach a 
growth in foe home electron- 
ics market but foe survey is 
one of foe first indicators that 
foe consumer has similar ex- 

Men tend to have higher 
aspirations than women re- 
garding advanced electronics 

“Those with the highest 
expectations of all are 
professnonal/managerial peo- 
ple, and those currently aged 
15-24. They are almost twice 
as likely to expect compact 
disc players, and 50 per cent 
more likely to expea comput- 

The Arts Council is to give 
many of its clients grant 
increases of around 4 per cent 
in the next financial year 
dispelling some of the gloom 
which has been expressed by 
companies during foe past 

Many feared that they 
would be unlikely to receive 
more than 2 or 3 per cent 
increases, though foe increases 
Five were approached from announced yesterday will still 
behind with a length of rope or notmeet inQaDoa. 
flex and “pressure expertly T^ e Opera House, 

applied sufficient to make foe the coumils biggest single 
girls unconscious or semi client, will see its grant m- 
conscious mid rendering them creased by 4 per cent to nearly 
incapable of resisting his sexu- £131 million The Royal 
al advance”. Mr Michael Say- Shakespeare Company will 
era, for foe prosecution, told a ^9 receive a 4 per cent nse 
the jury. taking it's grant to £5.197 

Mr Bromwich, an appren- million, and similar increases 

tice prim finisher, of Buxton ~ I “ 

Road, Upper HoUoway, north JLaGV 111 ]aK6 
London, denies attempting to 

choke women with intent to CPV KlllPrC 
commit indecent assaults; ma- . .“r 1 

SiaXSr bdeOTl jailed for life 

Mr Bromwich was caught Two sex killers, identified 
by police when he was dosing by tiny flakes of paint on their 
in on an eighth victim, Mr clothes, were jailed for life at 

Sayers said. Officers found a the Central Criminal Court 
length of cord in his pocket, yesterday for foe “lady in foe 
When his home was searched lake” murder of Lisa Jerome, 
another short cord was found a Sfd 25, 

by his bedside. 

Mr Sayers said that foe 

Gary Lombardo, aged 22, of 
Pafofield Road. Sireafoaxn, 

standard equipment, foe sur- - erized purchase of goods and 
vey claims. services” foe s urvey said. 

Consumers’ expectations in 10 years 

attacks took place late at night and Christopher Lfliington, 
or at the end of the working aged 22, of Tulsemere Road, 
day. “In some cases violent West Norwood, both south 

injuries resulted”. 

London, were found guilty of 

Sateftte television 
Flat screen television 
Microwave ovens 

. cordless telephones 
Compact dsc 
Satellite television 
Flat screen television 
Automate dishwasher 

Vbeo recorder 

Pe r c ent a ge 

22 (men), 15 (women) ' 

22 men). 9( women) 

21 (men), 13 (women) 

24 - rises to one third among the 

- 15-24 age group 


42 (because this S the only volume con- 
signer product in homes the figure Is 
adjusted. Video, recorder penetration « 
expected to be about 75 per cent in a 

One victim, a dance teach- the murder last April, 
er, aged 24. was three and a- Lombardo was also sentenced 
half months pregnant. “She to 15 years for rape and 
felt a sensation lite an electric Lillington to seven years for 
shock as she went to get into attempted rape. * 
the lift of her block of flats and Mr Roy Amlot, for foe 
lost consciousness.” prosecution, said Miss Jerome 

After the attack foe top of was seized from her flat at 
her finger needed to be Tooting Bee Gardens, 
stitched back. “Four weeks Sireathara, and driven to 
later she miscarried. In medi- Crystal Palace park where the 
cal opinion it could well be as pair helped each other in 
a result of this attack”, Mr brutal rape attacks. Because 

Sayers said. 

The trial continues today. 

Miss Jerome knew Lombardo 
they decided to murder her. 

Children learn royal recipe for health 

A croup of primary school children 
lave discovered we of foe Princess of 
Wales's secrets for keeping slot. Away 

ssen r'.Y-.: • 


' ss air&b£-' ESskkm 


A hospital ten scions nibbters need 350 grammes of 
Ihe fetter SSfewed noodteMnd four or five leeks 

sent om as pan of an annual ^^^ asuftUrhl 6SLAM ^ gmio 

check. Moumr- 

By Ton Jones 

vegetable stock with a small amoral of 
curry powder for extra pep and bake 
with a sprinkling of grated cheese on 
top. The result is a tasty casserole. 

Mr Ian Jones, the headmaster, said 
yesterday: “You can imagine foe excite- 
ment In das 1 when a fetter arrived 
from Buckingham Palace on headed 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher and Mr Nefl 
Kinnock also favour vegetables for their 
health diets. The Prime Minister sug- 
gested spring soup with watercress and 
leeks, while foe Labour leader fevomed 
layered summer vegetables baked in a 
casserole, followed by plenty of exercise. 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal Party 

leader, preferred cauliflower cheese 
made with wholemeal flour and then lots 
of swimming and walking to aid 

In keeping, perhaps, with the image of ; 
his party. Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, came up with foe most exotic 
offering — spinach and lemon mousse- 
fines mfo avocado. 

Mr Terry Wogan submitted a recipe 
for chip sandwiches using wholemeal 
bread. The chips, he said, should be 
fried in polyunsaturated oil with the 
girins left on foe potatoes to avoid 
firing np foe oiL The children will 
have to discover how W make chips with 
all four sides covered in skin. 

wifi go to regional arts associa- 

Grams for the remaining 
two national companies, foe 
National Theatre and foe 
English National Opera, have 
not yet been announced. 
Along with other companies 
in areas affected by the aboli- 
tion of metropolitan authori- 
ties, foeir support is still under 
discussion by foe Arts Council 
and foe distria councils which 
will takeover from the au- 
thorities next month. 

The new grants make foe 
Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra and Sinfonietta foe 
first orchestral company to 
receive more than £1 million 
in Arts Council subsidy. Its 
grant rises from £973,500 to 




Two men were hacked to 
death with swords as they lay 
side by side reciting foe Lord’s 
Prayer in an east London 
restaurant, a jury at foe Cen- 
tral Criminal Court beard 

They were killed on St 
Valentine’s Day in 1984, but 
their bodies have never been 1 
found, Mr Allan Green, for : 
the prosecution, said. 

He told foe jury that foe 
victims. David Elmore, aged 
35. a public house “bouncer”, 
and James Waddington, aged 
38. a stonemason, were be- 
headed and their bodies prob- 
ably dumped in foe sea. 

He said that Mr Elmore 
began to pray aloud as he lay 
tied up and dying in the Kaleli 
restaurant in Station Parade. 
Barking, east London. 

It was alleged, for the prose- 
cution, that when be reached 
the phrase “Thy will be done” 
one of his alleged attackers, 
Ronald Reader, remarked: 
“You’re dead right son, you 
will be done." 

Mr Reader, aged 44, a 
builder, of Cornwallis Road. 
Dagenham, east London, de- 
nies foe murders of Mr 
Elmore, of Gail Street, Dagen- 
ham. and Mr Waddington, of 
Bradfield Drive, Barking. 

Mr Green told foe jury that 
the second man said to have 
been involved in the sword 
attacks was David Maxwell, 
aged 41, a dub steward, who 
was tried at the court in 
January last year and cleared 
by a jury of both murders. 

The trial continues today. 

Child-bride case 
forces review of 
immigration laws 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

Changes in the law were 
promised jyesterday to pre- 
vent recurrence of a case in 
which a bride, aged 12 . was 
brought to Britain by her 

Mr David Waddington. 
Minister of State at foe Home 
Office, said in a radio inter- 
view that Home Office offi- 
cials were working “right 
now” on foe mailer. The 
police have also begun an 

Manchester City Council 
said yesterday that teachers at 
Levenshulme High School 
knew of her circumstances 
when she was enrolled, but 
were concerned only for her 

The girl, Elham Bahrain i, 
has been at the school since 
arriving in Manchester, where 
she lives with her husband. 
Mohsen Nikbakht, aged 27. a 
trainee pharmacist, in a flat in 
foe Whailey Range area. 

The council’s education de- 
partment said yesterday: “As 
she is not an illegal immigrant 
we have a duty to educate her. 
If any criminal aa is taking 
place it is a matter for the 
police to investigate.” He 
confirmed that foe school was 
aware of her circumstances 
and had sought the 
department's advice before 
registering her. 

As MPs called for action, a 
spokesman for Greater Man- 
chester Police said: “The mat- 
ter has been brought to our 
attention and we are making 
immediate inquiries”. 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens, Con- 
servative MP for 
Littleborough and 

Saddleworth, and an anti- 
child sex campaigner, is to ask 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary, and Sir Michael 
Havers, QC, foe Attorney 
General why foe girt was 

allowed into Britain as a 

Mr Nikbakht, a student at 
North Trafford College of 
Education, was quoted in The 
Sun yesterday as saying that 
he had shown his marriage 
certificate at the British Em- 
bassy in Tehran. 

“They told me my case was 
unique and ihere was no law 
to cover the situation. The 
only problem was when we 
arrived at Heathrow and foe 
immigration people inter- 
viewed us for an hour.” be 

The Home Office said yes- 
terday that immigration rules 
allowed the wife of a man 
lawfully in Britain to be given 
leave 10 join him. 

“Marriages are only recog- 
nized as valid here if they are 
valid under foe law of the 
country in which they are 
contracted and foe parties arc 
domiciled there”, a spokes- 
man said. A person need not 
be residing in a country to be 
classified as domiciled there. 

The case was not drawn to 
the attention of Home Office 
ministers until last Tuesday. 
The couple are said to have 
come to Britain 1 5 days after 
their marriage in January'- 

Questions to be tabled by 
Mr Dickens will ask the 
Attorney General whether he 
will initiate a prosecution of 
Mr Nikbakht for allegedly 
having intercourse with a girl 
aged under 16. 

He wifi also ask Mr Hurd 
what his policy is on admitting 
child spouses to foe llniied 
Kingdom, why Elham 
Bahrami was permitted to 
enter the UK as a spouse in 
spite of her age. and how 
many child spouses are known 
to have been allowed to enter 
the UK in each of the last five 

Bones kept under floor 

A dental lecturer accused of 
murdering his adopted daugh- 
ter told a court yesterday he 
had stored human bones un- 
der foe floorboards of his 
home for three years. 

He said he later transferred 
them into three plant pots. Mr 
Samson Perera, aged 43, of 
Stillwell Drive, Wakefield, 
West Yorkshire, said foe 
bones were specimens he had 
brought from his native Sri 

At Leeds Crown Court, he 

denies murdering his adopted 
daughter Nilanfoe, aged 13. 
The prosecution alleges he 
hacked the girl’s body into 105 
pieces then hid them. 

Detcaives allegedly found 
human bones in pots at his 
home as well as in a coffee jar. 
tray and beaker at his Leeds 
University laboratory. 

His wife Dammika. aged 37. 
denies assisting him by im- 
peding his arrest, and both 
deny obstruaing the coroner. 

The trial continues. 

ICW^iles holds the r 
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T T Cl 86 



PARLIAMENT March 5 1986 

Leyland bidders named 

Cash for councils 

Ford plea for more 

talks rejected 


There uas no question of the 
reopening of talks with Ford 
about a possible takeover of 
Austin Rover. Mr Paul 
Chan non. Secretary of State for 
i Trade and Industry, made clear 
in the Commons. If there are 
an> rumours about that (he 
went cm I disown and reject 

He was replying to Mr John 
Smith, chief Opposition spokes- 
man on trade and industry, who 
drew attention to a speech in 
Geneva on Tuesday m which 
Mr Bob Lutz, chairman of Ford 
of Europe, said that Ford was 
willing to restart talks about a 
possible takeover of Austin 

Mr Smith demanded a crystal 
dear guarantee that throughout 
the lifetime of this Goiemmeni 
there would be no talks by it or 
BL on its instructions with Ford 
about disposal of the Austin 
Ro\ or group. 

Mr Channon. in a statement on 
British Leyland. recalled that an 
inflation was extended to in- 
terested panics to declare by 
March 4 3 firm intention to 
make a bid for one or more of 
the Land Rover. Freight Rover. 
Leyland Trucks and related 

He reported that appropriate 
declarations had been made to 
BL's bankers by Schroder Ven- 
ture's on behalf of some institu- 
tions and certain members of 
BL management in respect of 
Land Rover. Range Rover and 
Freight Rover, by Lonrho in 
respect of Land Rover and 
Ranee Rover and by Aveiing 
Rarford in respect of Land 
Ro\cr only. 

GcneralMoiors had also con- 
firmed their intention to make a 
bid for Land Rover. Range 
Ro\cr. Freight Rover and Ley- 
fan J Trucks. 

The Laird Group and Aveiing 
Baribrd were each in discussions 
with BL regarding the ac- 
quisition of Leyland Bus for 
which proposals on behalf of 
certain members of the manage- 
ment were also expected. 

Discussions in relation to 
Leyland Bus were taking place 
over a slightly different 
timescale from those concerning 
other Land Rover-Ley land busi- 
nesses. He would make a further 
statement 10 the House on these 
in due course. _ 

Mr Channon continued: The BL 
board are giving careful consid- 
eration to all the proposals 
received on or before March 4 
and I hope to have their 
recommendations shortly. 

The board and the Govern- 
ment remain anxious to end the 
present uncertainty surrounding 
these businesses as soon as 
possible in the interests of the 
companies, management and 
workforce and their dealers and 

Announcing the forthcoming 
change in the chairmanship of 
BL he said Sir Austin Bide's 
appointment as chairman was 
extended in late 1984 on the 
basis that he would continue as 
chairman until a convenient 
moment for his retirement was 

Sir Austin had agreed to 
remain as chairman until de- 
cisions had been made on the 
future of the main Land Rover- 
Leyland businesses. This would 
represent the start of a new 
phase in the development of BL. 
Mr Channon said that on his 
nomination, the BL board pro- 
posed to invite Mr Graham 
Day. present chairman of Brit- 
ish Shipbuilders, to join the 
board and become full-time 
chairman of BL at a date to be 
determined. He was appointing 
Mr Phillip Hares, the present 
deputy chief executive and 
board member for finance of the 
corporation. 10 succeed Mr Day 
as chairman of BS. 

Mr John Smith, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on trade and 
industry, declared amid loud 
Labour cheers that as this 
tangled web became more 
confusing and complex, it was 
dear the Government should 
never have departed from the 
concept of BL remaining an 
integrated and public sector 

He called on the minister to 
confirm that the Government 
approached General Motors in 
August I9S-1 and that for 18 
months GM had been able to 
consider and negotiate their 
position while all other bidders 
had been given little more than 
20 days. 

Does not that indicate (he 
asked) that the Government is 
already predisposed to sell the 
lot to GM? What is the 
timescale? Is it correct, as widely 
rumoured, that the Government 
is imposing a timescale under 
which the whole operation has 
10 be completed at the end of 
this month? 

Given rhe fact that the only 
bidders for Leyland Trucks are 
GM. docs not that put the 
Government in a hopeless situa- 
tion whereby GM is able 10 say 
to the Government that it insists 
on acquiring Land Rover as a 
condition for acquiring Leyland 
Trucks as well? How could any 
sensible Government put itself 
into such a hopeless bargaining 

After this asset striping what 
would ihe chairman of BL be 
chairman of? Ought he not to be 
called chairman of Austin 

Mr Channon said he was sat- 
isfied people had had adequate 
time to pul in firm indicators. 
They would consider them care- 
fully on their merits and there 
was no question of the Govern- 
ment hav ing made up its mind 
before that careful consideration 
had taken place. 


Channon: Careful study 
of all bids 

Mr Michael GryUs (North West 
Surrey. Q said BL was quite a 
desirable package and it was 
good to have several different 
bidders 10 choose from. But the 
Government was no longer a 
good owner because of the 
considerable sums of capital 
investment which would be 
needed to keep the organization 
in the international market. The 
Government would always have 
more pressing demands on the 
money - for hospitals and 
schools for instance. The sooner 
these firms were returned to the 

rivate sector the better it would 
for the firms and workers. 
Mr Channon agreed. British 
Leyland was in a better state 
now than it had been under 
Labour. Large sums of capital 
investment were required for 
some pans of BL for it to 
compete long term. The Gov- 
ernment was try ing to secure the 
long-term future of these in- 
dustries and the jobs in them. 
Mr David SteeL Leader of the 
Liberal Party.said he spoke yes- 
terday with management and 
shop stewards at Land Rover. 

What formal consultations 
(he asked) will there be with the 
8.000 employees about their 
future before decisions are 
taken. W’hile we all appreciate 
that in terms of making a fast 
buck, or of short term employ- 
ment. the case for selling the 
whole thing to General Motors 
must seem attractive to the 
Government in terms of the 
long run in design, manufac- 
turing and engineering capacity 
of this country it is worthwhile 
taking a bit longer and trying to 
find British-based solutions for 
each division. 

Mr Channon said Mr David 
Andrews, chairman of Land 
Rover-Ley] and, had made clear 
that he was anxious for a quick 
solution because he felt it 
damaging for the uncertainty to 

I do not agree with Mr Steel 
(he said) that we should take a 
long time. We want to take a 

reasonable period to consider 
the indications of interest. 

Consultation with the work- 
ers was a matter for the compa- 
nies. They had said they were 
informing their workforce 
continually and would continue 
doing so. The Minister for 
Industry (Mr Peter Morrison) 
had received deputations from 
the workforces and the trade 

Mr Terence Davis (Bir- 
mingham. Hodge Hill. Lab) 
asked for confirmation thaL 
Freight Rover had consistently 
made a profit on the manufac- 
ture and sale of Sherpa vans, 
while General Motors was mak- 
ing a loss on its van operations 
in this country. Freight Rover 
was selling more vans than GM 
in Britain. 

For GM to take over Freight 
Rover would be a loser taking 
over a winner. 

Mr Channon said the situation 
at Land Rover UK Ltd in 1983. 
before interest and tax. was a 
loss of £I4'>: million. In 1984 
There wns a small profit of £2.4 
million. For the first half of 
1985. before interest and tax. 
there was a profit of £5.7 

Taking certain considerations 
into account Freight Rover was 
more profitable than Land 

Mr John M. Taylor (SolihulLQ 
said not only tbe biggest bid for 
Land Rover should be consid- 
ered. WouJd all factors be taken 
into account? 

Mr CTuumotrYes. we are trying 
to seek the best long-term future 
for the companies and for jobs. 
Mr Dale CampbeH-Savoars 
(Workington. Lab) asked 
whether it was true that the 
chairman of Laird had written 
to the chairman of British 
Leyland saying that the only 
basis on which they would take 
over would be if the Workington 
and Lowestoft plams were 
closed and Fbringdon was re- 
duced and retained? 

Will he rule out that option 
today? Will he give an assurance 
that, in the event of a manage- 
ment buy-out being submitted, 
and being fully funded, it will be 
given maximum consideration 
by his department and that if it 
is' not fully funded, it will be 
treated as a new corporate plan 
and as an option for Leyland 
Buses being retained in public 

Mr Channon: We shall consider 
any properly fiindcd manage- 
ment buy-out proposals for 
Leyland Buses. I understand 
that Laird have given a prelimi- 
nary view tp British Leyland of 
their proposals. Nothing final 
has been proposed and we shall 
consider tbe proposals on their 
merits and on the criterion of 
what is best for the long-term 
Mr Anthony Beaumont-Dark 
(Birmingham. Selly Oak, G We 
should not be preoccupied with 
a quick buck and a fast sell-out 
but with the long-term interests 
of our manufacturing compa- 
nies. Were there no British 
industrialists who would have 
had the manufacturing experi- 
ence (for chairmanship) instead 
of another person from across 
the Atlantic? There are good 
people in this country who have 
the confidence of West Mid- 
lands manufacturing compa- 
nies. Why a chairman from 

Mr Channon: I am surprised at 
his last point. Mr Day is today a 
British citizen who comes from 

Mr David Nellist (Coventry. 
South East, Lab): There is 
overwhelming opposition by 
trade unionists inside Leyland 
and among the working people 
of Coventry, the Midlands and 
elsewhere, to the selling off to 
private profiteers whether 
.American or British, of any part 
or of the whole of Leyland. 

He also condemned the dis- 
missal of rwo works convenors 
by British Leyland. 

Mr Channon: With regret, I 
think I shall be unable to please 
Mr Nellist in the negotiation. 

Mr Patrick Cormack (South 
Staffordshire. C): Can he give an 
unqualified assurance that the 
Government would prefer a 
British solution? 

Mr Channon: We want the 
solution which is in the best 
long-term interest. 

grant may 
cut rate 


It was dear that the pool of 
gram to be recycled in 1986-87 
was going to be some £500 
million. Mrs Angela RnmbokL 
Under Secretary of State for the 
Environment, said in a Com- 
mons statement. That meant the 
grant gains would be bigger than 
those illustrated in January and 
that authorities would get more 
gram than they had assumed. 

She said the DOE had written 
to all authorities telling them the 
amount of extra grant they 
would receive from that amount 
. of recycling, in addition to their 
grant entitlement under the RSG 
settlement announced in Decem- 

Councils will now know (she 
said) tbe size of their gram 
entitlement more dearly and 
this will allow them to make a 
lower call on their ratepayers. 
Where the rate making has not 
been completed, sbe hoped MP3 
would urge their local authori- 
ties to revise their rating plans. 
Rate increases should be no 
higher than absolutely nec- 

Mr Jack Straw (Blackburn. 
Lab), for tbe Opposition: Does 
she expect that any shire author- 
ity which has set its rate will 
change that decision and if so by 
how much? Yesterday's 
announcement and today's are 
no more than a cheap and highly 
misleading public relations stunt 
by ministers 

panicked by high rate rises in 
Tory shires. 

Mrs Rum bold: 1 would have 
thought he wonkl at least have 
the grace to welcome the 
announcement, simply because 
it gives local authorities a 
greater certainty'* There is still 
time for shire counties to re- 
consider what their rate levels 
will be. In the light of this 
information we hope that those 
shire counties that take a 
pessimistic view will come back 
and reconsider the submissions 
they are making. 

Mr Allan Roberts (Bootle, Lab): 
The Government has come to 
the rescue of local authorities 
like Sefton. who had made a 
deficit budget and were set to do 
a Liverpool and break the law. 
This miserly amount will not 
make a significant difference. 
Mrs R Bin bold: .As to the 
authorities proposing to make a 
higher rate than they had hoped 
to make, this announcement will 
make all the difference to what 
they do and has been greatly 
welcomed by those very authori- 

• As a result of the decision 
made by the High Coart to 
uphold the surcharge on Lam- 
beth and Liverpool councillors 
they could face disqualification 
in the middle of tbe local 
elections campaign in May, Mr 
Jobn Fraser (Norwood. Lab) 
said in tbe Commons when 
unsuccessfully applying for an 
emergency debate on the subject. 

still not open 
for negotiation 


The British Government bad 
taken step after step in an effort 
to establish more normal rela- 
tions with Argentina but none of 
these steps had been met with a 
parallel reponse. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe. Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, said in the Commons. 

He repeated the 
Government's refusal to nego- 
tiate on the sovereignty of tbe 
Falkland Islands and stressed 
the importance of the wishes of 
the islanders themselves. 

Mr William McKdvey (Kilmar- 
nock and Loudoun, Lab) said it 
was about time Britain re- 
established full diplomatic rela- 
tions with Argentina and talked 
about sovereignty with a view to 
reaching an honourable settle- 
ment so that tbe cost of 
maintaining “Fortress 
Falklands" could be reduced. 
Sir Geoffrey Ho we: He offers a 
misguidedty simple insight. We 
want to move towards more 
normal relations with Argen- 
tina. It was for that reason Mr 
Timothy Eggar, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, offered 
to meet the Argentinian par- 
liamentarians when they were 

He would have explained to 
them that while we . are un- 
prepared to negotiate sov- 
ereignty he was prepared to hear 
them state their position and 
make clear our wish to see more 

normal relations. Towards that 
end we have taken step after 
step, none of which have been 
met by any parallel response 
from tbe other side.' 

Mr Alan Beitfa (Berwick -11 pon- 
. Tweed, L): Many of us who met 
the Aigentinians found them 10 
be a constructive and coura- 
geous group of people. Their 
unwillingness to have a meeting 
with ministers was quite under- 
standable because of the view 
that would have .been taken of 
that in' Argentina. 

He is dealing with a democ- 
racy. not a dictatorship. When 
he was dealing with a dictator- 
ship he was prepared to give 
away sov e rei gnty . He should 
now be prepared at least to have 
it on the agenda. 

Sr Geoffrey Howe: No. There 
were no strings whatsoever to 
the offer made to meet them to 
explain 10 them we will not 
negotiate sovereignty. We 
would have listened to their 
statement on that. 

We welcomed the restoration 
of democracy in Argentina. We 
have taken steps to support the 
Argentine economy and to help 
that democracy. But it would be 
quite unhelpful to offer unrealis- 
uc goals on sovereignty. 

Although democracy has re- 
turned. the fan that makes a 
fundamental difference is the 
invasion of tbe islands. It is 
quite unreasonable to expect us 
to pul the dock back before the 
invasion as if that had not. 

Majority too 
poor to buy 


The biggest obstacle in the way 
of the Government's belief in 
wider share ownership was that 
60 per cent of the population 
bad not got the money to buy 
them. Lord Brace of Donington 
(Lab) said during question time 
in the House of Lords. 

If the Government wants to 
ease (he way of obtaining shares 
(he said) the easiest way of 
acquiring them is to have the 
money, then it is quite simple. 
But the majority of people do 
not have the resources because 
the rich are getting richer and 
the poor are getting poorer. 

Lord Lucas of Ch (1 worth. Under 
Secretary of State for Trade and 
Industry, had said earlier in 
reply 10 a question bn whether it 
would encourage the Stock Ex- 
change to make share dealing 
easier for the individual: The 
Government believes in a prop- 
erty owning democracy in the 
widest sense. 

Need for look 
at law on 

Ail was not well with the 
operation of the law on charities 
and there was a case for the 
Government setting up a wide 
ranging royal commission to 
examine it. Lord Allen of 
Abbeydale ( Ind) suggested when 
opening a debate on the subject 
in the House of Lords. . 

However, a commission 
would lake a long time and his 
personal experience showed 
there was no guarantee the 
Government would even read 
the report when published. 
Charity law had been described 
as a morass into which no 
Government would lightly 

With their present resources, 
the Charity Commissioners 
could not do all they would like 
to do. He suggested the possibil- 
ity of calling m outside manage- 
ment consultants to advise 
whether the available resources 
were being employed to the best 
advantage and to assess how 
extra resources might best be 

Howe welcoHie 

for move to lift 
emergency laws 


Sir Geoffrey Howe. Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, welcomed in the 
Commons at question time 
President Botha's announced 
intention to lift Sooth Africa s 
state of emergency. I hope (he 
said) that action will help ease 
the tension and assist the 
promotion of the dialogue 
which is so urgently needed. 

Mr Robert Litberiand (Man- 
chester CfentraL Lab): Has be 
seen the article . ra today s 
Guardian which states that the 
Prime Minister has personally 
blocked the Bermudan govern- 
ment from introducing limited 
sanctions against South Africa, 
even to the extent of importing 
Krugerrands which at present is 
being considered by her own 
Government? This smacks of 
double standards and a sop to 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: No. It 
smacks of precisely the op- 
posite: the perfectly rational 
conclusion that the decision of 
this Government in relation to 
measures taken in respect of 
South Africa should be uniform 
not only in the United Kingdom 
but colonial territories. 

Mr David Nellist (Coventry 
South-East. Lab): Is non his 
attitude merely fingex-waggmg 
at apartheid? With £11,000 
million of British investment in 
South Africa his opposition to 
economic sanctions has more to 
do with the profits of British 
firms being made out of apart- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: If it were left 
to him to judge these matters it 
would be more likely. 10 provoke 
the destruction of the British 
and South African economies, 
to the disadvantage of the 
people living in both countries. 
Our balanced pokey of making 

Freeing of Mandela 
would help dialogue 

The unconditional release of 
Nelson Mandela would con- 
stitute a major act of national 
reconciliation in South. Africa 
and could provide the impetus 
for genuine dialogue and a 
peaceful settlement. Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, said during Commons 

He was replying to Mr David 
Alton (Liverpool Moss ley HUT 
L) who asked hint in take every 
opportunity u> make cfear to the 
South African government that 
the continuing, incarceration of. 
Mr Mandela was an affront to 
the blacks, in that country. His 
release was a prerequisite to. 
reconciliation .between Uqck 
and white. Britain shoutxLm- 
struct its ambassador to visit Mr 
Mandela to establish thecon- 

Bill aims to combat salmon poaching 


Angling was a multi-million 
pound industry with salmon 
angling the most sought after 
and often most expensive part 
of the angling scene, Mr John 
Mac Kay, Under Secretary of 
State for Scotland, said when he 
successfully moved the second 
reading of the Salman Bill in the 
Commons late on Tuesday 
night. The Bill, which has 
passed the Lords, represents the 
first substantial proposals for 
salmon legislation for many 

Its three main objectives are 
to modernise and improve 
administrative arrangements for 
salmon fishing in Scotland, 
streamline the arrangements for 
the regulation of salmon fish- 
eries and further measures to 
combat salmon poaching. 

Mr Mac Kay said there had been 
many efforts 10 quantify (he 
value of salmon angling to 
Scotland. Figures had been put 

variously at between £22 mil- 
lion and £140 million a year. If 
the true figure was somewhere 
in the middle that dearly in- 
dicated the importance of 
salmon angling to many parts of 
rural Scotland. Anglers would 
continue to come only if they 
felt they had a reasonable 
chance of catching fish, and that 
depended on- how well salmon 
stocks were conserved. 

One of the outcomes of 
rigorous scrutiny of the Bill in 
the Lords was the inclusion of 
powers which would enable the 
introduction of a dealer licens- 
ing scheme in England and 

Poaching was no longer con- 
fined to small local operations 
but carried out on a large and 
well-organized commercial 
scale. The Bill's provisions 
would allow action to be taken 
against those involved with tbe 
outlets for poached salmon and 
should have a significant effect 
on the level of poaching by 
making it more difficult 10 
dispose of illegally caught fish. 

Tbe Bill provided for a situa- 
tion wbere it would no longer be 
the case that someone could be 
in possession of salmon, believ- 
ing or having reason to suspect 
that it had been illegally taken, 
and not be convicted. Hitherto 
this bad been a major gap in the 
enforcement of salmon legisla- 

The new provisions struck the 
right balance, and an essential 
one, between improving the 
prospects of convicting those 
involved in the illegal handling 
of salmon without introducing 
measures which could lead to 
the conviction of innocent peo- 

Dealer licensing would be a 
valuable complement to the new 
possession offences. It was the 
intention to have detailed 
schemes under subordinate leg-, 
islation brought forward as soon 
as possible after the enactment 
of the Bill. 

There had been much ill- 
informed comment about the 
role of water bailiffs in the 
dealer licensing scheme, includ- 

ing the suggestion that they were 
to be given power to enter and 
search dwelling houses. There 
was no intention of extending 
the police power of entry and 
search under the 1982 Act to 
water bailiffs in the context of 
salmon dealer licensing. 

The Bill committed the Gov- 
ernment to a review, three years 
after enactment of the Bill, of 
the salmon net fisheries in tbe 
north-east of England and in the 
Scottish east coast salmon fish- 
ery districts as far north as the 
river Ugie. 

Mr John Home Robertson (East 
Lothian. Lab), for the Oppo- 
sition, moved an amendment 
declining to give the Bill a 
second reading on the grounds 
that ft would extend the powers 
and privileges of private propri- 
etors of salmon fisheries with- 
out making adequate provision 
for anglers or for the wider 
public interest and that it wasan 
inappropriate and inadequate 
measure to deal with the urgent 
need to conserve salmon and 
other fish species and to protea 

the environment' of rivers and 
estuaries for the benefit of the 
whole nation's sporting, rec- 
reational and environmental in- 

He said it was amazing that it 
should be entrenching the pow- 
ers of absentee landlords and 
foreign investors while 'doing 
practically nothing for local 
fishing interests. In presenting 
this BUI the. Government had 
given itself an opportunity to- 
bring Scottish fresh water fish- 
ery legislation into tbe 21sr' 
century. Instead it had opted to 
stay in the 19th century. 

The concept of Ithe. .private 
ownership of a wild fish that 
happened to be' swimming in. 
watera adjacent to someone’s 
estate was pretty absurd. -There 
was a need, for a new type, of 1 
nver authority with genuine 
representation . for all people ' 
with legitimate interests.- . . 

The amendment was rejected 
by 125 votes to 43 - Govern- 
ment majority. 82. 

. The Bill was read a second 

it plain that we wish to. see 
apartheid brought quickly 10 an 
end and supporting that by 
policies and representations is. 
for more likely to be effective. 

Sir Peter Maker (Blackpool 
South. Ck Many of those who 
call for a policy of serious .; 
economic sanctions have roc 
thought through the implica- ; 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the. 
SDR: When will he nuke 

'representaiions ' against the 

selective ban 00 tele vision . 
reporting, something many ofu* ■ 
find unacceptable? -V 

Has he made re p resentation* * 
in relation W thetkewoo logo 
ahead with United; Nations. • 
supervised elections in- Namibia 
in August that they should not 
be linked to the withdrawal Of 
Cuban forces? 

Sr Geoffrey Howe. Cfo the first. 
point, we have already nude'; 
•representations expressing our ' 
regret. On his second point, we - 
have welcomed, the South Af- . 
rican gove rn ment's re-affirma- e 
lion of its commitment to ; 
implement UN Security Coun- „ 
cil Resolution 435- If that were - 
10 be done it would Offer an 
opportunity to . make early 
progress and would reduce ten- 
sion throughout tbe Agio*. / / 
Mr Denis Holey, chief Oppo- ' 
si lion spokesman on foreign ami ' 
Commonwealth' affairs Why ! 
has the Government failed 10 ■■ 
carry out its undertaking « the . 
Commonwealth summit 10 bat 
the import of Krugerrands* es- 
pecially since the US "Admin- i 
istranon found no. difficulty ' 
with GATT in banning Kn%er- 
rands absolutely evea'befo* the 
Commonwealth summ it? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: We are not 
the only country which has 
found it necessary to consider 
the GATT impKctttons on tbe 
sale .rtf Krugerrands. •» ' 


* m 

diiion of bis health and weft" 

- Mr John Carlisle (Luton North. • 

. C);. The prerequisite to J 
Mandeb’s release should be that .. 
be renounces violence. It ts in • • 
the interests of the African ,' 
National. Congress that he re- 
mains incarcerated while they'"' 
perform their own acts of vi- 
olence in South .Africa and •- 

Sir Geofrrey Rowe I cannot--* 
accept his conclusions, although „ 
I join him. in . condemning ■ 
violence from any quarter. A I- - 
though the ANC is clearly an " 
important focus of Black opirt- * 
ton in South Africa, we thought 
it right - to establish official . 
contact with die ANC specifi- ' m 
cally to stress our commitment 
to dialogue and impress on them ■* 
th e need to bring an end to all vi- ” 
otence in South Africa. -< 





Church unity 

Roman authorities in new 
move on Anglican Orders 

By Gifford Longley, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

The Roman Catholic 
Church announces today that 
it may soon be ready for an 
important step towards unity 
with the .Anglican Church, 
depending on the outcome of 
the present stage of inter- 
church negotiations. 

It would entail recognition 
in principle of the validity of 
Anglican Holy Orders and, 
therefore, accepting that An- 
glican priests were priests in 
the eyes of the Roman Catho- 
lic Church. 

Refusal of that recognition 
is one of the biggest problems 
in the relationship between 
the two churches, and has 
always been deeply resented in 
the Church of England. 

Cardinal Johannes 
Willebrands. head of the 
Vatican’s Secretariat for 
Christian Unity, has told the 
two chairmen of ihc Anglican- 
Roman Catholic International 
Commission that this possi- 
bility would exist if both 
churches endorsed the two key 
docirina) staiemenis the com- 
mission has produced. 

His carefully worded letter 
to the chairmen, the Bishop of 
Kensington, the Right Rev 
Mark San ter. and the Roman 
Catholic Bishop of Arundel 
and Brighton, the Right Rev 

Cormac Murphy-O’Connor. is 
published today. 

He urged their commission 
to pursue a joint study of the 
difficulties in the way of the 
mutual recognition of minis- 

Cardinal Willebrands states 
that agreement by the authori- 
ties of both churches on a 
common doctrine of priest- 
hood and Eucharist (Holy 
Communion and the Mass') 
would "change the context" in 
which the Roman Catholic 
Church approached the ques- 
tion of the validity of .Anglican 

According to a judgement 
made by Pope Leo XIII in 
1896. Anglican Holy Orders 
are "absolutely null and uner- 
ly void". 

The Bull received a digni- 
fied but slinging rejoinder 
from the Archbishops of Can- 
terbury and York at the time. 
Since then the Roman Catho- 
lic Church has refused official- 
h to regard the Anglican Holy 
Communion service as a valid 
celebration of the Eucharist. 

The Anglican ordinal 
“might no longer retain” the 
elements judged wanting in 
1896. Cardinal Willebrands 
suites in his letter, if agree- 
ment was reached on the 
central doctrinal points. 

The cardinal's letter is 
viewed as an encouragement 
to the Anglican-Roman Cath- 
olic unity process, at a time 
when it has been put under 
strain because of the ordina- 
tion of women in the Anglican 
Communion. The joint com- 
mission of the two churches is 
also commencing a study of 
the women priests issue. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Robert Runcie, is 
said to have suggested to the 
Pope that the churches should 
together set up a new study of 
the ordination of women. 

The Roman Catholic re- 
sponse appears to be that this 
should be dealt with by the 
existing international com- 
mission, perhaps with addi- 
tional experts joining it. and 
that the principle of ordaining 
women is not open for negoti- 
ation on the Roman side. 

The commission would, 
therefore, limit its study of the 
mailer to iis effect on ecu- 
menical relations, not whether 
women should be priests. The 
commission would try lo de- 
cide whether the “obstacle" 
created by women priests on 
the Anglican side was sur- 
mountable. or decisive. 

So far it does not appear 
that Dr Runcie's suggestion 
has been accepted. 

A gallant act for the Princess of Wales as a man in Che crowd kisses her hand during her visit 
to the Dr Barnardo’s family day centre in Hnli yesterday. 

BBC plans breakfast TV changes 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

Tbe BBC is to relatmch its 
early morning programme 
Breakfast Time in October as 
part of plans for a daytime 
television service. 

The programme, which woo 
an audience lead over TV -am 
when the two were launched in 
1983 but for the last year has 
come second in the ratings, 
will be given a “harder edge”. 

It will concentrating more 
specifically on the day’s news 

and the development of 
running stories, Mr Peter 
Pagnamenta, BBC TV's bead 
of enrrent affairs, said yester- 

Breakfast Tune will be 
shortened slightly and its less 
topical features placed in the 
new daytime schedules which 
remain secret 

Frank Bough, the original 
presenter, is expected to front 
the rebranched programme. 
Selina Scott the other pre- 
senter from its first days, is 

dne to leave it later this year. 

Mr Michael Grade, Con- 
troller of BBC1, sakL*This is 
the first part of an exciting 
new all-day package of news, 
current affairs, information 
and entertainment which will 
be announced in detail later 
this year.” 

Current viewing figures for 
TV-am and Breakfast Time 
usually show the commercial 
station with a weekday peak 
audience of about 2.5 millioa 
and the BBC with about 
1.5 million. 

Ship hire 
hit owners 

By Michael Bally 
Transport Editor 

Ship owners are losing mil- 
lions of pounds through fraud 
and malpractice from charter- 
ers who hire ships then refuse 
(0 pay for them. 

British owners have suf- 
fered badly and some have 
been driven out ofbusiness by 
bad debts. 

The problem is internation- 
al, however. with Japan, the 
US and Italy particular trou- 
ble areas as depressed freight 
markets, in which ship owners 
are desperate for work, prove 
happy hunting grounds for 
charterers to engage a ship for 
moving their cargo, then 
refuse to pay the ship owner 
his proper costs. 

The problem was described 

S erday by Intercargo, the 
don-based association of 
world-wide, ship * owners, as 
“epidemic proportions”. • 
Often the claims and 
counter- claims' become so 
complicated that the ship 
owner concludes that tbe legal, 
costs of fighting - the case 
would . be more than the 
eventual compensation. He 
settles for less to get anything 
at all. 

Crooked charterers are of- 
ten difficult . 16. detect in 
brokers’ lists. When detected 
as persistent offenders, they 
tend to vanish, and reappear 
under another name 

Scots fear :. 
fishermen ■ 

' By George HOI . . ^ 

Spain’s entry to the Europe- 
an C ommnnity is likely io 
create a need for greater ^ 

fishery protection vigilance in - 
British, waters, the Commons 
Scottish Affairs Committee 
said yesterday. 

Spain's accession reinforces 
the need for prompt ^replace- 7 
mem of an ag ping fishery ‘ 
protection ship arid for Scot- 
tish courts to impose heavier . 
fines on offenders, a commit- ’ 
tee report says, - quoting the 
Scottish fisheries department " 
as alleging that Spanish ves- - - • 
sels were “notorious law- " 
breakers”. ■ 

. Irish and Norwegian courts - 
impose fines of '£30,000 or '1 « 
more, while the highest penal- * •• 
ty imposed by a Scottish court “ 
between 1980 and H984 was - 
1 - 1 0 , 000 ; _ - 
The Scottish. Fishermen’s , 
Federal ion is afraid tha t — 
Spain’s accession might lead " 
to two vessels fishing with the 1 “ 
same licence, it being handed ’ 
over in mid-passage.- — ■■ 

The report calls for nionofil- - • 
ament net. which" is almost ’ ' 
mvisfo <Mn use. to be banned - j 
JO Kingspm constat. ■ * 

>afers, and urges ' 
mvesttgation into legally pro- 

Acting lobsters, — - - 

S^*^**-' Second. ; ‘ 
K5X.SS" SeSeottwb Affaire 
committee <HoC 237-1 Sta- - *' 
uooery Office £3 50^ 




r *i 



i rut- i i n uml/ai iviAVfvLn o jyoo 

u v t KAJt AS fshWa 

as President keeps her promise 

Four hardened kilters* lead- 
■ ere ' of . .'a bluer Cornraunist 
\i insurgency, were released last 
night by the new Government ■ 
of - Mrs Corazon Aquino to 
fulfil - her campaign promise 
that all political, prisoners of 
the Marcbv regirae should be 

The four were each released 

into the custody of prominent 
citizens, including the 
President's mother-in-law, so 
that • they would not 
"disappear as soon as the 
freedom order was given. 

Nevertbefesss, the instruc- 
tion was. the subject of what 
the President’s spokesman, 
Mr Rene Saguisag, called "a 
vigorous exchange of views” 
between himself; a former 
T human rights lawyer, and the 
minister.who chairs the Com- 
mission for- Good Govern- 
ment, oa the one side, and the 
Minister of Defence. Mr Juan 
Ponce Emile, - and the forces 
chief of staff, .General Fidel 
Ramos, oh the other. 

The two on the militaiy side 
said that, the release of the 
detainees would increase the 
difficulties of dealing with 
communist, insurgency, and 
that the aimed forces would be 
discouraged' because they 

Prom Michael Hamlyn, Manila 

would not feel there was any 
further point in working for 
the capture of the rebels. 

The civilian side- insisted 
that the campaign promise 
was a .pledge that must be 
redeemed, and. that the rtr 
leases was the best way of 
dealing with insurgency. The 
insurgents had taken to the 
hills because of their unre- 
solved grievances against the 
Marcos regime, Mr Saguisag 
said; they had no quarrel with 
the new regime. “In 1965, 
when Mr Marcos took power, 
there were no rebels at afl" he 
said. “However many there 
are now is entirely due to Mr 
Marcos’s rule.” 

More than 500 detainees 
have been freed. Any remain- 
ing in jail have been convicted 
or some criminal charge, but 
even they will be freed soon, 
Mr Saguisag said, if it can be 
shown that their crimes have a 
. political content. 

The four released yesterday 
were Mr Jose Maria Sison, 
chairman of the central com- 
. miuee of the banned Commu- 
nist Party; Mr Bemabe 
Buscayno. also known as 
Commander Dante, com- 
mander-in-chief of the com- 
munist-led New People’s 

Army, and Mr Alexander 
Birondo and Mr Ruben Ale- 
gre, respectively the head and 
a member of the special 
orperations department of the 

Immediately after release 
they were due to see the 
President to try to start- the 
dialogue with the rebels Mrs . 
Aquino has offered. She has 
also called for a six-month 

The feet that not all of the 
NPA is happy with the new 
deal "was indicated this week 
by a vicious attack on a police 
party by rebel forces in which 
15 security men died. Other 
killings continue to be attrib- 
uted to them — not always 
with justification. 

- But there are still huge 
arsenals of weapons in the 
hands of individual politi- 
cians. many of whom are 
former Marcos men. Before 
the events of February observ- 
ers bad noted an increase in 
the number of political scores 
being settled by gun-play after 
the election, as disappointed 
Marcos men evened the tally 
by killing their opponents. 
During the “people power" 
revolution that brought Mrs 
Aquino to power, when un- 

Harare rethink on 
Mozambique war 

Zimbabwe’s Cabinet has 
met to consider its decision to 
assistihe Government of Mo- 
zambique in its war . against 
South African-backed guerril- 
las after a big military let- 

It was revealed last week 
that a costly but successful 
assault on the Casa Banana 
headquarters of the Mozam- 
bique National Resistance by 
commandos of the -Zimbabwe 
National Army, -had been 
rendered futile by Mozam- 
bique troops. The troops, left 
to defend the headquarters, 
which was- taken in Septem- 
ber, fled in disarray in mid- 
February abandoning an 
extensive array of 
Zimbabwean weaponry m the 
faceof acoumer-offensive by 
some 400 guerrillas.^ ; 

Journalists at CMmotef the : 
headquarters of the estimated 
$.000 Zimbabwean forces- in 
Mozambique, were told last" 
week that the morale of the 
Mozambique troops at Casa 
Banana was extremely low 

From Jan Raath,Harare 

and that they bad received no 
supplies for three weeks. 

The loss of the headquarters 
has prompted Zimbabwe to 
rethink the Mozambican of- 
fensive. Mr Ernest 
Kadungure, the Minister of 
Stale for Defence,, was to 
report to the Cabinet on 
incidents which military 
sources say underline the Mo- 

Tamil rebels 

tillage leaders 

Colombo (Renter) - Tamil 
eparatist guerrillas have ltra- 
apped about 100 village offi- 
ials in Sri Lanka’s northern 
ity of Jaffna. 

Residents said the officials, 
jiown as Grama 
rere walking to Jaffna Fort, 
lie military base, fo meet 
orthem 'security force's, com- 
mander when guerrillas forced 
hem into vans and drove 

No reason was given for the 
hductions hot the residents 
aid the guerrillas, fighting for 
i separate state for sn 
Anita’s minority Tamil com- 
nnnity, opposed -any dialogue 
letween the officials* who were 
dl Tamils, and the military 

zarobique Army's ineptitude 
as a fighting force and its 
complete lack of back-up to 
the Zimbabweans. 

The description of the of- 
fensive against .the guerrillas 
as a “joint operation” is 
evidently used solely for pro- 
tocol purposes. 

• Mr Robert Mugabe, the 

• Prime Minister ;who is" also 
chairman of the Zimbabwe 

-security forces’-Natiojial Joint 
Operational Command . and 
the Minister of Defence, will 
have to decide whether toiell 
the government ofMr Samora 
Machel which , suffered acute 
distress during Zimbabwe’s 
liberation war in its support 
for anti-Rhodesian guerrillas, 
that there is little sense in 
continuing to fight on its 

Losses suffered by the joint 
forces on the present eight- 
month offensive have not 
been disclosed but they are not 
believed to be heavy, apart 
from the death in January of 
the highly respected com- 

• mander of the Mozambique 
operation. However, diplo-- 
matic sources estimate the 
operation is costing possibly 
£450,000 a day. 

Spectators die 
as rally car 
skids off road 

Estoril (Reuter) — The 
opening run in the Portuguese 
Motor Rally was cancelled 
yesterday after two spectators 
were killed and about 30 
injured when a car skidded 
into the crowd at a sharp bend. 

The rally was to start again 
later in the day from the 
Estoril autodrome near Lis- 
bon. Officials said the 95-nule 
opening section would be 
dropped and contestants 
would begin the second sec- 
tion of the first stage. 

A woman aged 36 and her 
son aged nine were killed by 
the car driven by Joaquim 
Samos of Portugal- Police said 
spectators spilling on to the 
road had apparently raused 
Samos to lose control. He was 

Spacecraft poised to 

’ comet’s secrets 

Cardinal Sin of the Philippines, pictored on his arrival at the Filipino College in Rome yesterday. He is due to meet the Pope. 

armed civilians confronted 
guns and tanks, the killings 

However, the feeling now is 
that they will shortly start 
again, particularly since the 
new order is cutting away at 
the sources of power of the old 
by arbitrarily sacking provin- 
cial governors and municipal 
mayors. It is replacing them 
with school masters and law- 
yers. who mainly do not even 
belong to the Llnido party of 
the Vice-President, Mr Salva- 
dor Laurel, who is a political 

leader of a style that the old 
guard could recognize. Rather. 
the> r are members of the 
Philippine Democratic Party 
wing of the governing coali- 
tion. led by ihe Local Govern- 
ment Minister. Mr Aquflino 
Pimentel. Mr Pimentel is in 
some sense the Sir Keith 
Joseph of the new government 
- the chief theoretician and 
most single-minded executor 
of policies. 

The extent of the arms being 
stored is indicated by those 
being seized from Marcos 

leaders who have (led the 
country. Mr Eduardo 
Cojuanco. for example a kins- 
man of the former president, 
whose premises were raided at 
the weekend, was shown to 
have hidden a Japanese ma- 
chine gun, a Thompson sub 
machine gun. a machine car- 
bine. a rifle and 30 sniper 
rifles, four bullet-proof vests 
and ammunition. 

And this society is not 
afraid io use guns in the 
defence of ihc most minor 
concern* Vesier' 1 

ample, it was reported that a 
company of soldiers stormed 
into a Quezon City police 
station with a machine gun 
and automatic rifles and re- 
leased two colleagues who had 
been taken in for shooting at 
beer bottles floating in a hotel 
swimming pool. 

On the same day one man 
killed another over the owner- 
ship of a pair of socks, and a 
robbery victim was shot dead 
in broad daylight in a busy 
part of the capital. 

Split in 
may aid 
Nato vote 

From Richard Wigg 

Signs of a break in the ranks 
of Spate’s opposition parties 
emerged yesterday which 
could help Seior Felipe Gon- 
zalez. the Prime Minister, to 
win next week's Nato referen- ■ 
dura (). 

A conservative woman Mr 
told Senor Manuel Frag*, the 
right-wing Opposition leader, 
that “the issue is too serious 
for parry politics.” 

Defying party instructions 
to asbstain. Seftora Victoria 
Fernandez-Espaiia, publicly 
announced that she would be 
voting “Yes” alongside the 
Socialists for staving in the 
Atlantic Alliance. 

She alone among the 106 
MPs led by Senor Fraga rat 
through the Opposition's tac- 
tics aimed at using the referen- 
dum to inflict maximum 
political damage on Senor 
Gonzalez. _ 

Senor Jose Ardanza, Chief 
Minister of the Basque auton- 
omous government and a lead- 
er of (he small Basque 
Nationalist Party, said yester- 
day he would also vote “Yes’*. 
Sen ora Fernandez-Espaiia in- 
dicated yesterday that she 

would resign from Senor 
Fraga's party."! could not 
cam - on in a party which asks 
its ' 200,000 members to 
ahstain”. she said. 

By Pearce Wright Science Editor 

res reived parses withi^S miles. * 

Irstoffourspea^ P^J u an agreement be- 
- for Halley s Comet- ^viet Academy of 

ng analysed by Soviet ^ European 

^holographs were scru ; 


arriving this week should tell 

U,e European soentistenrore 


i Russia and western 
as. one of the most 

us experiments in 
sironomy approached 

T makes its IJHgMjf 
tet ioda 
) to 8. 

orecisely when their craft will 

ill travel ib rough the 
tail to relay pictures 
)OT within 300 miles 
isterious nucleus., 
ussians will obtain a 

set of observations 
a 2 on Saturday, on a 

anned io stat ae 
en more closely. That 


The latest photographs 
show there _ are four tads 
trailing behind ihe^comeL 
Only two had . been seen 

^Astronomers are excited 
about the prospect of obtain, 
jug detailed analyses of the 
(ails and nucleus as comets are 
believed to comprise ine old- 
est undisturbed material of the 
solar sy stem. 

ft is reported that the February 
which we've just endured was the second 
coldest this century. 

The fact that Britain didn't freeze up 
and seize up was due in no small measure 
to British Gas. 

Gas provides. nearly sixty per cent 
of all the energy we use in our homes. 
That’s three times more than any other 
fuel. And when ihe coldest weather comes, 
demand for gas can be . up to five times 

higher than in summer. Which is something 
British Gas has to he prepared for. And is. 

With more and more people turning 
to gas (we've added over two and a half 
million customers in the last ten years), 
British Gas scientists and engineers have 
come up with some ingenious solutions 
to the problem of sudden, heavy demand 
in winter. 

Many millions of pounds have been 
invested (from British Gas' own resources) 

in massive storage projects: such as using 
a partially depleted North Sea gas field as 
a giant reservoir to store gas for winter use, 
and in creating large underground caverns 
in the salt strata of the Humberside coast 
to act as huge gas holders. 

These are just some of the ways 
in which British Gas uses its ingenuity 
and energy to keep Britain going in the 
coldest weather. 

But then, energy is our business. 





Sweden prepares for Prime Minister’s funeral 

Police work late on 
photofit of assassin 

Stockholm police were 
working late into the night 
yesterday to build a picture of 
the face of the man who 
assassinated Mr Olof Palme, 
the Swedish Prime Minister. 

They were working with 
what was claimed to be the 
world's most sophisticated 
photofit machine, flown in 
earlier yesterday from 
Weisbaden in West Germany. 

They hoped to build the 
picture from various descrip- 
tions and a sketch drawn by an 
artist with a memory for faces 
who had seen the fleeing man. 

A copy of the woman's 
sketch has been sent to West 
Germany for checking against 
pictures of local terrorists as 
suspicions harden that the 
murder may have been carried 
out by the Red Army Faction, 
successors to the Baader 
Meinhof gang which blew up 
the West German embassy in 
Stockholm in 1975. 

A second description being 
used to help build the photofit 
is that given by Mr Palme's 
son. Marten, aged 27. of a man 
in a cap who followed his 
father on the night of the 

Mr Claes PaJme. a lawyer 
and brother to the dead Swed- 
ish leader, said Marten saw the 
man when he came out of the 
cinema where he and his 
parents had been watching a 

The man wore a cap similar 
to that described by other 
witnesses as being worn by the 
assassin. He was staring into a 
shop window. 

"Marten wasn't particularly 
surprised. He has. of course, 
seen the same son of thing 
before. There were many peo- 
ple who became curious when 
they saw Olof and who fol- 
lowed him just to get 3 closer 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

look at him." the lawyer said. Sapo. the Swedish secret po- 

The getaway car used by the 
assassin is now thought to 
have been a blue Volkswagen 

The owners of 20 such cars, 
with number plates similar to 
that noted by a taxi driver of a 
speeding car heading north 
from the central city area, 
have been interviewed by 
police. Another 10 are still to 
be located. 

The getaway vehicle had 
stood with its engine running 
waiting for the assassin. 

But with police still a long 
way from making an arrest 
massive security was yester- 
day being arranged for Mr 
Palme’s funeral. 

Many world leaders and 
prominent statesmen are ex- 
pected to attend a memorial 
service in Stockholm Town 
Hall on March 15. at which 
Mr Ingvar Carlsson. the next 
Swedish Prime Minister, will 
be the main speaker. 

Afterwards Mr Palme’s 
body will be carried in proces- 
sion through the streets of 
Stockholm for burial in a 

lice, who are in charge 

Mr Bo Thresson. the party's 
secretary general said one of 
the reasons why the burial had 
been scheduled so long after 
the assassination was that it 
enabled security to be careful- 
ly planned. Another was that 
it would enable Mr Carlsson 
to be officially sworn in before 
the ceremony. 

He said security at both the 
Town Hall and along the route 
of the cortege would be ex- 
tremely tight. Sources close to 
Sapo said sharpshooters 
would be stationed in flats and 
offices along the way. Extra 
police would be drafted into 
the capita] and the route 
would be carefully checked in 
advance by explosives experts. 

Finland's singing star Aija 
Saijonmaa will sing a tribute 
to Mr Palme during the public 

The post-mortem on Mr 
Palme revealed that the 
assassin's bullet passed 
through his body between the 

giUlMiumi ivi uuiiai m a , ,*5 , - . ■ _ . - **••• • • 

churchyard a few hundred shoulder blades, smashing his ' * 

v-irHc fr/im thi* ennt h»» backbone, aorta and wind- . f _ *.*■ . 

yards from the spot where he 
was cut down Iasi Friday at 
the age of 59 by a single shot in 
the back. 

Thousands of Swedes are 
expected to follow the coffin 
but the final burial in Adolf 
Fredrik's church — close to the 
grave of Mr Hjalmar Bran ting. 
Sweden's first socialist prime 
minister — will be a private 
affair attended only by Mr 
Palme's widow. Lisbet. aged 
54. their three sons, other 
family and dose friends. 

Yesterday there were in- 
tense discussions between 
members of the Social Demo- 
cratic Party elite, who are 
arranging the funeral and 

pipe. It was later found on the 
pavement close to the spot 
w here he died. 

Those who have confirmed 
they will be attending the 
funeral include Sehor Javier 
Perez de Cuellar. Secretary 
General of the United Na- 
tions. and Herr Willy Brandi 
the former West German 
Chancellor.who will speak at 
the Town Hall service. 

Herr Fred Sinowatz. the 
Austrian Chancellor, will at- 
tend along with his predeces- 
sor Herr Bruno Kreisky. a 
close friend of Mr Palme after 
his years of exile in Sweden 
during the war. 

Kremlin economic 
expert presents 
radical blueprint 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Dr Waldheim answering questions on American television 
yesterday about his wartime career. 

Waldheim denies 
Holocaust role 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

Doubts on lifting 
Pretoria curbs 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

The announcement by Pres- 
ident Botha that he intends to 
lift the state of emergency in 
force in pans of South Africa, 
probably from today, has left 
unanswered many key ques- 
tions about how the Govern- 
ment proposes to handle 
internal security thereafter. 

The Deputy Minister of 
Information, Mr Louis Nel, 
told The Times that the 
special restrictions on televi- 
sion and press coverage im- 
posed on November 2 would 
lapse automatically with the 
ending of the emergency. 

“There is only one way that 
we can maintain those restric- 
tions and that is in terms of 
the emergency. It follows, 
therefore, that when the emer- 
gency is lifted, the restrictions 
will automatically fall away." 
Mr Nel said. 

Howeever, the Minister of 
Law and Order. Mr Louis Le 
Grange, was reported by the 
political correspondent of The 
Star of Johannesburg, as say- 
ing that curbs on media 
coverage would not automati- 
cally be removed. 

He was also reported to 
have said that the lifting of the 
emergency would not neces- 
sarily mean that people de- 
tained under its provisions 
would be released, nor that 
police and troops would im- 
mediately be withdrawn from 
black townships. 

The press curbs imposed on 
November 2 prohibit the tak- 
ing of any television or other 
films, or sound recordings, of 
unrest in those magisterial 
districts where the emergency 
is in force without the permis- 
sion of the Commissioner of 

The restraints on writing 
journalists are less severe. 
They can still engage in on- 
the-spot reporting of unrest in 
emergency areas, but have to 
report to the local police 
officer in charge. 

Legally, these particular re- 

strictions will have to lapse 
with the ending of the emer- 
gency since they form part of 
il But the police have wide 
powers of discretion, under 
other legislation, to prevent 
television and stills phoiogra 
phers from being allowed into 
any area they consider a threat 
to security. 

These are the powers to 
which Mr Le Grange appears 
to be referring. It thus remains 
to be seen how the police will 
use them after the emergency 
is ended. On the face of il 
however, television coverage 
of unrest should become easi- 

There is a similar haziness 
about the future of the esti- 
mated 330 people who are still 
being detained under the 
emergency provisions. Over 
the whole period since the 
emergency was imposed on 
July 21 of last year, about 
7.800 people have at some 
time been detained . 

A senior police officer in 
Pretoria. Colonel Jaap Venter, 
said that although the 330 
could no longer be held under 
the emergency law once it was 
lifted, they could be re-arrest- 
ed and held under other 
permanent security legisla- 

The general reaction to the 
President's announcement 
has been reasonably 
favourable from white liberal 
groups and the business com- 
munity. although there is con- 
cern about Mr Botha's 
reference to possible stiffening 
of other laws to enable the 
police 10 combat unrest 

Black political organiza- 
tions have on the whole 
reacted with scepticism, if not 
indifference. They say that the 
lifting of the emergency will 
have no meaning unless all 
troops and police are removed 
from the townships and all 
detainees and political prison- 
ers are released. 

Leading article, page 11 

Seized Britons named 

Two more Britons were 
among hostages captured by 
Unita rebels in north-eastern 
Angola at the weekend, it was 
learnt yesterday. The total 
number captured is now be- 
lieved to be more than 1 70. by 
far the largest group of expatri- 
ates taken hostage there (Rich- 
ard Dowden writes). 

The two Britons. Mr John 
Sutherland, aged 42. and Mr 
Terence Richards, aged 44, are 

both married with children. 
They bring the number of 
Britons captured at the dia- 
mond mining centre of 
Andrada to four. 

Mr Marcos Samondo. the 
Unita representative in Lon- 
don. was summoned to the 
Foreign Office on Tuesday 
and told that the Britons 
should be released unharmed 
and without conditions as 
soon as possible. 

Top CIA 

From Michael Binyon 

Mr John McMahon, the 
Deputy Director of the CIA, 
has resigned amid reports that 
he strongly opposed CIA in- 
volvement in Nicaragua aid 
the extension of covert opera- 
tions in the Third World. 
President Reagan quickly ap- 
pointed Mr Robert Gates, the 
Deputy Director for Intelli- 
gence, to replace him. 

Mr McMahon said that he 
was resigning for “personal 
reasons" after 34 years with 
the agency. 

He said he had reached a 
stage when he had to move on, 
and he would leave on March 

Administration sources, 
however, said that he decided 
to quit after disagreement with 
a decision last week to step 
opfonr paramilitary opera- 
tions significantly. It is as- 
sumed that these were in 
countries where Mr Reagan 
had promised increased aid to 
insurgents - Afghanistan, 
Nicaragua, Angola and Cam- 

Mr McMahon was known 
particnlarly to have ques- 
tioned US involvement with 
anti -Communist guerillas in 
Nicaragua and Afghanistan. 

He opposed increased US 
involvement In the Third 
World because he believed it 
could not be sustained politi- 
cally at home over a long 

He wrote a classified memo- 
random to President Carter in 
1980 arguing against covert 
support for Afghan rebels, and 
he has since taken a similar 
position over Nicaragua. 

He recently lost an attempt 
to prevent Mr Reagan request- 
ing an unprecedented $70 
million (£50 million) in mili- 
tary aid to strengthen the 
fighting potential of the 

He is also said to oppose the 
growing role of the Pentagon 
in developing paramilitary ca- 
pabilities for covert opera- 

A proposal is now circulat- 
ing in Congress to establish a 
$500 million “freedom 
fighter" fund under the control 
of Mr Richard Perle, the 
Assistant Secretary of De- 
fence for International Securi- 
ty Policy. 

Dr Kurt Waldheim, Secre- 
tary-General of the United 
Nations from 1972 to 1982. 
told journalists in Vienna 
yesterday that allegations he 
had been involved with Nazi 
atrocities during the war were 
a "dirty campaign". 

Dr Waldheim is hoping to 
be elected Austria's president 
in the forthcoming election. 
Until this week's accusations 
by the World Jewish Congress 
in New York, detailing his 
membership of the Nazi Par- 
ly. opinion polls gave him the 
edge over his opponents. 

Although he has now admit- 
ted suppressing information 
about his wartime career, he 
vehemently denies knowing 
anything about either the 
transportation of 42,830 Jews 
from Salonika to Auschwitz or 
the wiping out of several 
villages in Montenegro during 
reprisals for partisan attacks. 
According to the congress. Dr 
Waldheim served with units 
involved in the acts. 

The fact that Dr Waldheim 
has consistently covered up 
his activities as a staff officer 
in the Wehrmacht during their 
Balkan offensive — he writes 
in his recent autobiography. 
In the Eye of the Storm, that he 
was a law student in Vienna at 
the time — has severely dented 
his image. Election posters 
have portrayed him as as the 
benign, friendly Austrian "the 
world trusts”. 

Members of the Austrian 
opposition conservative 
People's Party, which is sup- 
porting Dr Waldheim's candi- 
dature, closed ranks behind 
him yesterday and said they 
continued to have full confi- 
dence in him as a suitable 
head of state. 

Dr Alois Mock, leader of the 
opposition, described the evi- 
dence of Ihe congress as a 
'monstrosity”. The report in 
The New York Times, be 
observed, could not be said to 
be purely coincidental. Other 
conservative politicians re- 
ferred to the reports as a 
"campaign of lies" and point- 
ed to the fact that Austria's 
military records showed that 
Dr Waldheim's father had 
been stripped of his teaching 

post when the Nazis took over 
Austria in 1 938. 

Dr Waldheim has said that 
his behaviour during this peri- 
od was dictated by the need to 
defend his family from politi- 
cal harassment. 

He denies even being aware 
ofhis membership of the para- 
military SA (Sturmabteilung) 
or “brownshiris”, despite the 
documentary evidence of the 
World Jewish Congress. 

After serving as a cornet 
(ensign) in an Austrian dra- 
goon regiment. Dr Waldheim 
joined a riding club in Vienna 
which, after 1 938, was run by 
SA staff but whose members, 
say Dr Waldheim's aides, did 
not have to be part of that 

A spokesman for Dr Wald- 
heim said yesterday that after 
Hitler took over Austria, any- 
one who had cavalry training 
and wanted to continue their 
studies had to continue riding 
in an organization run either 
by the SS or SA. 

More damaging is the publi- 
cation this week of wartime 
photographs showing Dr 
Waldheim in the uniform of a 
Wertimacht officer talking to 
General Artur Phleps, com- 
mander of the seventh SS 
volunteer division in Monte- 
negro. According to the 
records of the Yugoslav war- 
time commission, this divi- 
sion was responsible for some 
of the most brutal reprisals 
against civilians. 

Dr Waldheim has admitted 
that while serving in the 
Balkans he was presented by 
the Nazi puppet state of 
Croatia with the Order of the 
Crown of KingZyonimir with 
silver oak leaves, indicating 
that it was earned under 
enemy fire. 

Dr Waldheim said that 
these decorations were given 
to all staff officers serving in 
the Balkans. 

Professor Abel 

a chief architect of Moscow’s 
radical new 1 5-year economic 
programme, emerged from the 
Kremlin shadows yesterday to 
brief Western correspondents 
on the -way in which ft will 
change the face of the Soviet 

Among controversial ex- 
periments ; which he said 
would soon be expanded 
would be a new system of 
prices; self-financing factories 
that can make investment 
decisions independent of the 
centralized planning mecha- 
nism; and a series of plans to 
link the take-home pay. of 
various categories of Soviet 
worker directly to perfor- 
mance. r 

Professor Aganbegyan also 
expressed strongopposition to 
the present system whereby 
the prices of staple products, 
such as bread, milk and meal 
are heavily subsidized. His 
remarks were seen as an 
indication that these might be 
removed soon. 

The Armenian-born econo- 
mist was transferred to Mos- 
cow recently from a Siberian 
think-tank on Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov's orders. He is 
regarded by diplomats as the 
single most influential eco- 
nomic thinker behind the 
Soviet leader’s drive to mod- 
ernize the country. He has 
rarely agreed to meet the 
foreign press. 

He denied that the econom- 
ic blueprint — approved unan- 
imously yesterday by the 27th 
Communist Party Congress — 
would cause unemploymeni 
although it states specifically 
that the jobs of 20 million 
manual workers will disap- 
pear by the turn of the century. 

"It is true that a proportion 
of the 20 million, in feet about 
5 million, will have to undergo 
a process of retraining in new 
skills," he said. "But we 
already have a whole system 
functioning to that end." 

He claimed that most of 
those being made redundant 
were approaching retirement 
age in routine jobs, often on 
production lines. Improved 
secondary education meant 
that there was a shortage of 
Russians prepared to take on 
that kind of work. 

He cited three socialist 

countries whose experience 
could be useful to Moscow; 
East Germany. Bulgaria and 
Hungary. - The latter caused 
surprise since the tone of the 
congress has been very much 
against experiments smacking 
of private enterprise. . 

Professor Aganbegyan em- 
phasized the need to “demo- 
cratize" the unwieldy and 
ailing Soviet economy by 
giving more power to individ- 
ual worker collectives and 
fast-expanding regional ex- 
periments. where a form of 
profit-sharing provides an in- 
centive for individuals . -to 
work harder and better. 

This is in sharp contrast to 
the traditional working of the 
rigid Soviet economy, where 
wages are generally deter- 
mined in advance by the 
national plan, and there are 
few. if any. material incentives 
for extra work. • 

Areas where this type of! 
system might be introduced 
soon were taxi co-operatives, 
television, repairs, public ser- 
vices and small -retail outlets. 
"1 believe that this has to be 
developed." he said. 

The reforms were particu- 
larly far-reaching in agricul- 
ture, he said. All Soviet farms 
would be free to dispose of | 
. food production, in excess of a 
quota set aside for the state, in 
any way they chose. 

• Congress climax: The con- 
gress reaches its climax today 
when the new Central Com- 
mittee is announced. It will, in 
turn, select the Politburo to 
run the country for the next 
five years. 

Senior Soviet sources said 
last night that the appoint- 
ments would further consoli- 
date the Mr Gorbachov's 

Western observers predict a 
turnover of 50 per cent or 
more in the 3 1 9-member Cen- 
tral Committee. A number of 
senior officials already dis- 
missed by Mr Gorbachov win 
automatically lose the mem- 
bership of the elite body that 
went with their jobs. 

The congress will also ap- 
point a new Cemral Commit- 
tee secretariat, another 
important centre of Soviet 
power, with between nineamL { 

1 1 members. 

Polish aid 

Bangkok (Reuter) — Poland 
is to help restore and conserve 
the ancient Cambodian tem- 
ple complex of Angkor Wai 
the Vietnam News Agency 

Cricket is 
to protest 

From Jeremy Taylor 
Port of Spain 

Tuesday was a grim day far 
Trinidad's anti-apartheid 
campaigners, who have been 
trying to persuade West Indi- 
ans to boycott the English 
cricket tour. Not only did 
England beat the West Indies 
in the second one-day interna- 
tional bat the hero of die day 
was the bite noir of the 
protesters, Graham Gooch. 
And outside the capital's 
Queens Park oval in Port of 
Spain, die police tactical unit 
charged into a peaceful if 
rowdy demonstration and ar- 
rested 16 people. 

The police action was widely 
condemned in the press and by 
officials of the ruling People’s 
National Movement One furi- 
ous demonstrator told report- 
ers he was ashamed as a black 
West Indian to be beaten by 
black policemen for demon- 
strating against apartheid. 

However, the Trinidad Ex- 
press. which has kindly sop- 
ported the boycott campaign, 
conceded that the joys of 
cricket had overshadowed the 
idea of solidarity with the 
oppressed of South Africa. 

John Woodcock, page 23 




Paris (Reuter) —Fresh fight- 
ing had erupted m ; Chad 
between Libyan-backed rebels 
and government forces after a 
two-week lull, the French 
Defence Ministry said 

A spokesman, quoting 
Chadian officials, said the 
fighting broke out at Kalah, 
near the strategic government- 
held outpost of Oum 
Chaiouba. The town is on the 
16th parallel which divides 
the country in two and where 
government forces last month 
repulsed a rebel offensive. 

The spokesman said Chad 
had reported the fighting after 
a drive by the rebels of Mr 
Goukouni Oueddei, the for- 
mer president, towards Oum 
Chaiouba. The government 
forces had the situation under 

The fighting coincided with 
the opening of a meeting in 
Addis Abate of an Organiza- 
tion of African Unity commit- 
tee expected to discuss the 
situation in Chad 
Last month the forces " of 
President Habre repulsed at- 
tacks by insuigents on at least 
four government-held settle- 

Fighting was particularly 
heavy around Oum Chaiouba 
and Kaiaft. 

Last call 
at Port 

port Stanley fReuttv)— The 
only brewery in ihe Falkland* 
has” gone into liquidation be- 
cause of lack or demand. 

Mr Harry Milne, the direc- 
tor. said it was established 
soon after Britain . reclaimed 
the islands afar the. 1982 
Argentine invasion. 

“lack of support from Brit- 
ish servicemen, contractors 
and the genera! public caused 
the failure." At its peak, the 
brewery was producing 150 
gallons of “Penguin beer” a 
week. "We couldn't break into 
the military market.” the for- 
mer manager. Mr Philip Mid- 
dleton, said 

Sirhan Sirhan 
acted alone 

Los Angeles (Reuier) — Los 
Angeles police released a 
1 . 500-page summary of their 
investigation into the 1968 
murder of Senator Robert 
Kennedy in which they ruled 
out theories of a conspiracy. 

The summary, released 17 
years after the investigation 
was completed, concluded 
that Sirhan Sirhan acfed : 

Pastures new 

Peking (UPI) — Some 
35.000 shepherds stranded by 
blizzards on mountain grating 
grounds in China's remote 
north-western Qinghai Prov- 
ince have been rescued. . 
Xinhua News Agency said At 
(east a minion cattle and sheep 
died in the blizzards. 

Heavy guard 

Delhi (DPI) — A' female 
elephant has been placed on 
guard duty outside a Hinds 
temple in Thanjavur. south- 
ern India, to protect a shop 
inside the shrine and the shoes 
of worshippeis. visiting the 
temple from thieves. 

Prisoner spree 

Betbesda. Maryland (UPI). 
— Prisoners on a road gang in 
suburban Washington were 
caught going “over the fence" 
to burgle homes and <0 meet 
girlfriends for lunch. 

Refugee shot 

Tonip. Denmark (Reuter) — 

A Danish policeman shot 
dead a Lebanese refuges who 
barricaded himself in a room 
at a centre for people seeking 
asylum after reportedly at- 
tempting to^commil suicide 
and lunging-ai other inmates 
with b knife- 

Mail mummy 

Munich (Reuter) — An an- 
cient Inca mummy was posted 
to the West German magazine 
Bunte in a cardboard box, 
along with a idea to ease 
poverty in Peru. 

Missile test 

Paris (AP) — France suc- 
cessfully carried out the first 
long-range test firing of its 
submarine M4 missile with a 
new multiple nuclear war- 
head. the Defence Ministry 
said here. 

Card fraud 

Milan (AFP) — : Two men 
defrauded a bank of 400 
million fire (£182,000) by 
filming customers using an 
automatic cash machine, col- 
lecting the discarded advice 
notices and then transferring 
the information on- to blank 

Driver’s rage 

Cape Town (Reuter) - A 
South African, motorist who 
bit offs traffic policeman's ear . 
in a fit of rage was sentenced 
to- 600 hours of- periodic - 
imprisonment and fined Tor 
negligent driving. 

No record 
of US aid 
to Contras 

From Michael Binyon 

Israel blamed for Arab terrorism 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 
Israel is to blame for Arab Howe, the Foreign Secretary, the perpetrators of some ot the 

and other senior officials. 

terrorism, the chaos in Leba- 
non. and the virtual collapse 
of the Middle East peace 
process — in a nutshell, that 
was the message conveyed by 
Mr Farouk al-Sharaa, the 
Syrian Foreign Minister, at a 
press conference yesterday, 
and during a talk entitled 
"Who is the Obstacle to Peace 
in the Middle East?” at the 
Royal institute of Internation- 
al Affairs on Tuesday evening. 

Mr al-Sharaa has been in 
London at the invitation of 
the Government for talks with 
Mrs Thatcher, Sir Geoffrey 

Given that Britain has few 
economic, political, or histori- 
cal ties with Damascus, the 
fact that he was received at 
such a high level indicates that 
Britain recognizes Syria's role 
as a key player in the Middle 
East, even if London and 
Damascus disagree about the 
origins of. and solutions to. 
the Arab-Israeli problem. 

At yesterday's press confer- 
ence. Mr al-Sharaa neatly 
sidestepped questions about 
his country’s association with 
the Abu Nidal organization, 

most bloody acts of terrorism 
in recent months. 

Syria, he said, was against 
terrorism. Its heart bled every 
time civilians were killed. But 
he raid it was important to go 

back 10 the roots of the 

Palestine problem. 

Mr al-Sharaa pledged 
Syria's full support in seeking 
the release of Mr Alec Colleti 
a British journalist who has 
been held hostage in Lebanon 
for the past year, and of j 
American and French hos- 
tages also being held in Leba- 
non. Leading article, page 11 

Government auditors told 
the US Congress yesterday 
there were no real records 
showing that millions of dol- 
lars in aid to Nicaraguan 
rebels had actually been deliv- 

Their report is likely to 
strengthen the opposition of 
many congressmen to Presi- 
dent Reagan's proposal to give 
another $100 million in mili- 
tary and other aid to the 

Mr Frank Conahan. the 
director of the General Ac- 
counting Office's internation- 
al affairs division, said in 
testimony that the State 
Department's audit controls 
“cannot verify actual delivery 
or receipt of items in the 

The office was unable to 
assure Congress of delivery 
when it approved S27 million 
in aid last autumn. 

Mr Conahan said $7.1 mil- 
lion spent in Central America 
was not controlled. Payment 
was usually made to a Miami 
bank account, one of several 
brokers, but there was no 
audited record showing pay- 
ment to suppliers or records of 
shipments to resistance forces. 

‘Mr Clean’ crushes scandal 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 
The ever popular, ruthless 
and frequently obnoxious 
Mayor Edward Koch of New 

York has so far crushed every 
attempt by political opponents 
to exploit a deepening corrup- 
tion scandal within his govern- 

He presents himself con- 
vincingly as a man pained and 
outraged by the worsening 
revelations. He has dumped in 
public an old-time friend, 
brandishing him a crook who 
should be exposed. "If a guy 
could be raped, that's the way 
I feel. A friend took advantage 
of me," be said. 

The friend. Mr Donald Ma- 
nes, until recently President of 
the New York boroegh of 
Queens, is implicated in the 
biggest scandal In the eight 
years of the Koch administra- 
tion. Federal investigators are 
still digging into several as- 
pects of New York's govern- 
ment, and as they do so the 
paceof resignations by public 
officials increases. 

Mayor Koch is perceived as 
"squeaky dean" when it 
comes to fraud. Nobody has 
ever pinned a shady deal on 
him. In the midst of his crisis 
he is demonstrating what a 
political phenomenon he is. 
Hardly a New Yorker thinks 
he is corrupt, and no political 
opponent would dare suggest 

The storm centres on the 
Parking Violations Bureau, 

1W . -Nevada. (Renter) -A 
US district judge rejected * 
$ 10.000 (£6,600) damages suit 
brought by a former casino 
employee. Miss - . Nancy' 
Mannikko.aged 37, who said 
she was. denied promotion 
because she was not 


Mayor Edward Koch: never 

touched by shady deals 

which collects parking fines. It 
seems to have become a mas- 
sive racketeering enterprise, 
dealing in private profiteering 
off the city's business. 

Federal investigators say 
that private collection compa- 
nies have given hundreds of 
thousands of dollars to indi- 
viduals within the bureau in 
return for Lucrative contracts 
for the collection of millions of 
dollars in overdue fines. 

Mr Geoffrey Lindenauer, a 
former deputy director of the 
bureau, has been accused of 
extorting more than 5410,000 
(about £280,000 fin cash, trips 
and theatre tickets from three 
private collection contractors. 
He has pleaded not guilty. 

As for Mr Manes, he has 
locked himself away at borne 
after police found him careen- 

ing through New York In his 
car, incoherent and dripping 
blood from self-inflicted knife 
wounds. He later had a heart 

Mayor Koch professes an 
intense distaste for political 
patronage. And yet the Park- 
ing Violations Bureau draws 
its top officials invariably from 
the -Qneens Democratic Party, 
which Mr Manes led until his 
recent resignation. That, ft 
seems, is how he came to have 
a hand in the alleged «Mnd»i 
One city collection company 
has claimed that he extorted 

The affair is likely to spread 
to other city agencies wing 
private companies to collect 
money- The FBI and the US 
Attorney's Office in Manhat- 
tan are conducting extensive 
inquiries and Mayor Koch, 
too, has appointed his own 
investigation into all city con-’ 
tracts vrith collection agencies. 

Officials of the Department 
of Justice have little doubt that 
there is an intimate link 
between payoffs involving the 
Parking Violations Bureau 
and senior Queens Democratic 
Party officials. - 

With a touch of the old 
political magic, Mr Koch has __ 

proposed new rotes to make it 36. who lay with a broket 
harder for poUticafiy-cmmect- for iw 0 days beside the 
ed people to do business with °f his wife on Mount HrvJi 
the city. If anything, scandal is after they fell 200ft downa 
serving to reinforce his reputa- glacier while efimbimt w 
tion as New York’s Mr Clean, rescued by helicopter" 

Shared luck 

Seattle (UPI)- Philip Ague. 

aged 1 4, who is suffering from 
a heart, defect, won half of 
Washington state's record 
S8.S mill, on (£5.6 million) 
Lotto jackpot. 

Rock tragedy 

Winter Ppxk. Florida (UPI) ‘ 
Richard Manuel, pianist for 
the rock group The Band, died 
m a motel bathroom hours - 
aner performing, with the 
group. - 

Guru arrested 

Aghios Nicolaos. Crete (AP) ' 
- Bhagwan Shree Rajacesh. 
the Indtangun, dsponed from 
,n November, was 
E™ sled „« a '- 1 % here. He is to 
be expelled, police said. 

Climber saved 

__ « ao ^ver. Oregon (UPI) 
V; Mr li D f v,d Schermer. aged 

36. who lav with «i 

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sell its Bare breasts protest on royal tour 

hand oyer huge 

FrAm TVosM Q7 oHb Tnlnm 

Japan has embarked on its 
most ter-reaching reform 
since the-war with the Cabinet 
approving the de-nationaliza- 
tion of the railways. . 

Japan! National Railways 
has debts of £140' billion, 
almost the equivalent of the 
gross national product of Bra- 

Five Bills approved by the 
Cabinet . which; provide for 
break-up of the railways into 
seven private companies, will 
go to the Diet this month and 
are assured of passage because 
of the 'rating Liberal Demo-, 
cratic Parly’s majority. They 
wilt become law on April 1* 
nexl year. 

■ The . government' will dis- 
pose or the railway’s debts, 
persuade 20,000 workers to 
retire early, find new jobs' for 
another 41.000 and re-estab- 
lish thousands in other areas 
of the country. The rail net- 
work will tie broken up' into 
six regional passenger railway 
companies and one freight 

V'\ r -iw # 

From David Watte, Tokyo 

company. The government 
will retain existing bullet train 
lines for another 30 years. 

The six passenger compa-: 
nieswfll be established in the 
northern island of, Hokkaido, 
with individual ones for -east 
and west Japan, central Japan 
and the islands of Shikoku and . 
Kyushu. Although ' free to 
operate . as private concerns, a 
provision has been made re- 
quiring the hew companies to 
heed the interests of small 
regional businesses — the. na- 
tional railway met strong op- 
position when it tried to set up 
a bookshop on Tokyo station 
- and -a laundry, m- Saiiama 
prefecture to absorb -surplus 

To help overcome such 
built-in difficulties as the new 
Honshu-Hokkaido tunnel, 
which the Hokkaido company 
will be expected to rake over, 
the government will allow the 
new private companies to 
engage in non-railway busi- 

Hong Kong fears 
” down-played 

- •• IV. iV* f « 

Hong Kong (Reuter) - 
About 1.4 million voters go to 
the polls' today amid concern 
that the British administration 
is playing down the election in 
the face of China's opposition 
to political reform before it 
takes over in 1997- 
A quarter of the population 
is eligible to choose 27 of the 
79 candidates to sit on two 
surburban councils. 

Some legislators ‘ say the 
British colonial government, 
wary of upsetting Peking, has 
not promoted the poll as 
actively as it would have in the 
past and is backing away from 
reforms before Hong Kong 
reverts Chinese rule m 
1997. ■ 

Mr Walter Strike; an urban • 
councillor, said the poll would 
be the acid test 'for direct 
elections in future, something 
“Peking .. - has made dear 
they don’t want”. 

Peking, bias hinted there 
could be deviations from the 
Si no-British accord, returning 
Hong Kong to China, but 
there would bea high degrceof 
autonomy for. 50 years. The 
warning, was widdy lspra as 
aimed at ' last Septanber s 

indirect elections for the Leg- 
islative Council, the : local 
legislature. ' 

Legislators have confirmed 
that government officials ap- 
pealed for a high turnout in 
previous polls but the issue 
was now sensitive. 

One legislator, Mr Szeto 
Wah, said; “Perhaps therov- 
emment is concerned China 
will not like the politicization 
and too much promotion of 
the elections”. 

Government spokesmen 
deny any soft-pedalling, say- 
ing they have pressed hard to 
get out the vote. and have 
spent about £715,000 on ejec- 
tion publicity.. 

Mr Donald Liao, secretary 
for district administration, 
said officials no longer needed 
to stress election basics be- 
cause “people are getting more 
aware, more knowledgeable . 
But he added that a large 
turnout would not necessan ly 
mean, a singe Of support for 
• direct elections in future. 

Mr Xiao said the govem- 

1 ment would assess the election 

_ in : shapmg'Hohg Kong’s polit- 
ical future but.adped it was 
only “one of many foyrs, ■ 

De-nationalization will also 
split the 220, 000-strong na- 
tional railway workers' union 
which has been a mainstay of 
support for the communist 
and socialist parties. Recent 
attacks on the railway, iridud- 
ingone that paralysed Tokyo’s 
commuter trains for the best 
part of a day, have been 
motivated by opposition to 
the government's plans. 

Three ofthe new companies 
will take over £42.8 billion of 
the railway's' long-term debt 
while a liquidation company 
wiH dispose ofthe remaining 
£97.2 billion. 

Japan National Railways 
has some valuable land assets 
it can sell but the taxpayp- win 
probably have to foot the bill 
ultimately for what amounts 
to the country's biggest politi- 
cal pork barreL For years, new 
lines have been opened and 
other uneconomic lines re- 
tained because it suited local 

One of the most glaring 
“political lines” is the bullet 
train line from .Tokyo to 
thehoine prefecture of Mr 
Kakuei Tanaka, the former 
prime minister. It cost £6.5 
billion when it was completed 
Vh years ago at a time when 
the railway's problems had 
already become insoluble. 

To begin the de-nationaliza- 
tion. shares in the new firms 
will be held by the govern- 
ment until operations are on a 
firm footing. Then, they will 
be sold to the public. 

From Stephen Taylor 


The fashion in the Antipo- 
des for baring parts of the 
anatomy to royalty found a 
new form of expression yester- 
day when a woman exposed 
her breasts to the Queen near 
the Sydney Opera House. 

The latest incidents affect- 
ing the royal tour appear to be 
a form of attention-grabbing m 
the wake of the bottom-baring 
protests dining last week s 
New visit. Three 

people have been arrested 
since the Queen arrived m 
Sydney on Tnesdxy; nine were 

held in New Zealand. 

It was a sweltering hot day 
here yesterday, although that 
presumably had nothing to do 
with the woman's conduct as 
the Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh prepared to board a 
launch for a harbour cruise. 

The woman, who was wear- 
ing a loose singlet, trousers 
and sandals, scaled a wall and 

bared her bosom. It is not dear 

whether the royal couple saw 
her. a 

She was arrested after a 
with police and was 

r by members of the 

crowd with cries of “tart” and 
“harlot” as she was led away. 
She was released on ban on 
charges of offensive behaviour 
and assaulting police and is to 
f ppwr in court in two weeks. 

She was reported as saying: 
“It was Queen Victoria who 
made women dress op to the 
neck, rm trying to reverse the 


A pattern of incidents has 
dearly been established since 
the royal tour started 11 days 
ago with the egg which spat- 
tered the Queen's coat in 
Auckland. Police have been 
told to be on the alert for 
further acts of exhibitionism 
during the remaining eight 
days of the visit. 

12 2. 

. $£*&**# 


** * •• •• HIT raiftwftiP 

A woman (top left) about to bare her breasts as the Queen walks by. 


Tuesday night, police 
arrested two young men who 
attempted to spray the royal 
party with water as the Queen 
arrived for a reception at a 
Sydney hotel. 

A police spokesman said 
that a fire hose had been taken 
to the roof of an adjoining 
building and switched on. 

The two men were charged 
with trespass and offensive 

• Stadium opened: The 
Queen later opened a sports 
stadium in the Sydney suburb 
Parramatta (Renter reports). 

Together with the Duke of 
Edinburgh she dined with the 

Victoria State Governor, Mr 
Davis McCaughey, and today 
they will attend a garden party 
and a pageant on Melbourne s 
Yarra River. 

.Before leaving for Mel- 
bourne on a Roval Australian 
Air Force jet the Queen 
presented the RAAF with a 
new royal standard. 

by China 

From Mary' Lee 

The hijacker of a 
civilian aircraft which landed 
in north-east China in Decern- ■ 
ber has been jailed for eight 
years, a Chinese Foreign Min- 
istry- spokesman said yester- 

He said that the hijacker, 
Alimuradov Shamil Gadjr- 
Oglv. co-pilot of an Antonov. 

14 'was sentenced after a two- 
day trial which ended on 
Tuesdav in Harbin, capital ot 
Heilongjiang Province. 

The spokesman would not 
be drawn on questions con- 
cerning the extradition or: 
motives of the hijacker, but 
said that Ogly could appeal ■. 
against his sentence. The Sovi- 
et Embassy in Peking, wh;ch ; 
sent two officials to the trial,, 
also refused comment. 

The aircraft and 42 passen- 
gers and crew returned safely - 
to the Soviet Union. East 
European sources said that Ute 
hijacking and China's decision- 
to trv the co-pilot was unlikely ■ 
10 affect Sino-Soviei relations,- 
currently described as “cool . 

Asked to comment on the; 
recent foreign policy state^ 
ment by Mr Mikhail' 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
calling for improved relations, ; 
ihe Foreign Ministry spokes: 
man said “it was a “reiteration 
of Soviet policy towards Chi- 
na. ihe coment of which is ', 
familiar to us”. 

He said that the dates of a: 
visit by the Soviei First Depu-. 
iv Premier. Mr Ivan 
Arkhipov, had noi been fixed. . 



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Duarte is 
ready to 
see rebels 

Smn Salvador (AP) - Ptea- 
deut Duarte says _that bi 
Salvador and Nicaragua 
should hold srantaneim. 
though separate, talks with 
their rebel movements because 
their conflicts affect all of 
Central America- - 

He said on Tuesday that Us 
proposal would go toPresident 
Ortega of leftist-ruled Nicara- 
gua through Foreign Ministry 
channels, and that he was 

ready to talk at any time. 

president Duarte proposal 
that he should meet ¥** 
Farabundo Marti NatHwal 
Liberation Front and rts politi- 
cal arm, the Democratic Revo- 
lutionary Front, raJii 
Salvador, and that President 
Ortega should in Nicaragua 

meetthe ***“*33 

Union and other Contra rebel 
.groups trying to oust the 
Sandinista Government 

“1 believe in Central Ameri- 
ca there is a of 

effects,” he said. “Wrat hap- 
pens intone country affects 

an ^rSs is a Pi** * "jj 

war," he said, oddmg that rijo 
rounds of talks he ted into 
Salvadorean leftists in 1984 
S not solve the Central 

American problem. 

“Those talks vere^n* 
Salvadorean pomtof^s 
said. “What I am m 

from a Central American iwmt 
ofriew.” He called the propos- 
al an alternative totoemtotaiy 

approach now being taken. 

Leftist gnerriBashave been 
fighting: US-backed 
JES iu El Salvador for six 

££ the Samtim^ 

have been confronted to ** 
Contras, supported by the US, 
for four years. . 

President Ortega was in 
CnEw a 

there was n© immediate re- 
sponse from NfcaMgna* 

strike call 
in Dhaka 

From Ahmed Fazi 

The 23 leading Bangladesh] 
opposition parties have called 
for ahalf-day general strike on 
Saturday to protest against 
parliamentary elections on 
April . 26 announced by the 
military <iovenunent. 

The protest dashes vntb the 

arrival of China's President Li 
Xiannian and; his wjfe, who 
are due in Dhaka on Saturday 
on a four-day state visit. 

The strike, from 6am local 
time to noon, is expected to 

bring life to a standstifl m 
Dhaka, the capital, and other 
big cities. Spokesmen forlhe 
opposition said that the strike 
would be peaceful but warned 
that there would be picketing 
if the authorities tried to force 
vehicles on to the streets. 

Opposition sources said 
that they have planned road- 
blocks to paralyse. transport, 
and would hah tram services 
and flights. . . 

Chinese diplomatic sources 
here said that they are worried 
bythe strike’s consequences 

for President Li's . the 

first by any Chinese bead of 

swe to Bangladesh smee its 

independence in 19/1. 

A government official said 
that President Li -would arrive 
after the protest had ended 
but would not say if tuning- 
had been changed 10 avoid ■ 

Mrs Sheikh HasmaWazed, 

chief of the 15-party sdkanc^ 
backed the strike call at a 
meeting with alliance mem- 
bers onTuesday. "The protest 
strike will show to the world 
that the people have rejected 

the Army-supervised 

elections,'’ Mrs Wazed^id at 

her A warn i League party of- 

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Seoul tReojerl-T^S™^ 

r Trv Halifax Bufldingiodety_(ReflKW).^P21 t ' 

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» Virt have Signed Ihe petition. 

Korean dissident, Mr Kim government ef- 

Dac Jung, said f or ts to prevent the signature 

an opposition petition campaign it is going ahead and 

naignfor election ttfenj* 10 collect a mtihon 

g^ied to gafer a million ^ 0 f this month and 

signatures by the end of the w fl|ion ^ August 15, 

month. . National Indei^dCTa^y, 

than 300 Protestant Mr Kim said. It all depend* 

More thari^ artists and nn »he government attitude 

priests, lawyers, expect to celebrate that 

— £ 3 a£Sfc * m 

and are utEine direct n 

rial elections rnsteaa oi 

electoral college. 

A HO— 

“71)^ OPPO”- 





_P*ri 5 TCODE. 


: W.>- 

T 4 X 1 

SC ?Slice yesterday : forcibly 
look the civil rights csmipaign- 
-Jr the Rev Moon lk-hwan, 
home' to- prevent him from 

giving, a , -news conference 
about the petition. 

.• . . y' 







Crescendo of cricket’s steel band 




T he most awesome squad 
in modem sport is the 
quartet of West Indies fast 
bowlers. Operating in re- 
lay's. granting no respite, hurling 
hard 5'6oz cricket balls at impossi- 
ble angles at almost I OOmph. they 
strike fear into the most lion- 
hearted of opposing batsmen, 
whose first thought must be 

Balfour Patrick Patterson, of 
Jamaica, is the latest of them 
Reared on hard pilches that gleam 
like marble in the blinding sun- 
light. he joins the treetop-tall Joel 
Gamer, the silken if ageing Mi- 
chael Holding and Malcolm Mar- 
shall. whose standing as the fastest 
bowler in the world is already 
threatened by Patterson. Since the 
squad formula emerged, the Ca- 
ribbean cricket conglomerate has 
demolished all comers and now 
seems about to repeat the 5-0 
“blackwash" of England in 1984: 
the thrilling last-gasp victory 
achieved by David Gower’s team 
in Tuesday's limited-overs match 
in Trindail has lifted the spirits 
but may turn out not to have 
much relevance to ihe altogether 
weightier matter of the second 
Test, which begins on the same 
ground tomorrow. 

One way, perhaps, for the 
heimeted and padded batsmen of 
the present England team to 
compile anything approaching the 
total of S4'9 runs made by their 
predecessors in the Test match in 
Jamaica in 1 929 would be to wear 
armour and aim fora target of 300 
“leg byes’" from the vicious bounc- 
ers of 'Messrs Marshall and Patter- 
son. Against the sound ofbreaking 
bones currently echoing around 
the Caribbean,’ it borders on the 
surrealistic to remember that a 39- 
year-old Englishman once batted 
for 10 hours in Jamaica to score 
325 in an England total of 849. 

That was Andrew Sandham’s 
achievement though the West 
Indies attack he faced hardly 
resembled the modern bombard- 
ment Sandham's 50-year-old 
opening partner, George Gunn, 
took advantage of Learie Con- 
stantine’s absence to record his 
highest score of the series, 85. One 
ofGunn's many eccentricities had 
been to advance down the pitch to 
the fiery Constantine to play 
bouncers off the splice of the bat 
and deliver a nonchalant raspber- 
ry in the general direction of the 
bowler. Not recommended today. 

If these dusty memories go a 
little way towards cheering up the 
despondent British cricket-lover, 
it is an incidental effect. They are 
primarily intended to pinpoint a 
time when West Indian fast 
bowling was respected but not 
unduly feared. 

Three-and-a-half years after 
Sandham's epic innings, when the 
West Indies toured England in the 
immediate wake of the controver- 
sial “bodyline" series, Manny 
Martindale from Barbados bowled 
with ferocity, splitting Walter 
Hammond's chin. He pummelled 
the brave century-making Jardine 
with a sample of bodyline which 
swung English opinion and helped 

outlaw the sinister leg-side fielding 
strategy, even if it could not stop 
excessive short-pitched bowling 
(only strong umpiring can do 

When England next toured the 
West Indies in 1934-35, the cap- 
tain. Bob Wyatt, bad his jaw 
broken in four places by 
Martindale in Jamaica. Carried 
unconscious from the field, blood 
surging from his mouth. Wyatt 
came to in the dressing-room and, 
still unable to speak, gestured for 
some paper, upon which he 
scrawled a rearranged batting 
order. The pattern of West Indian 
Test cricket had been established. 

There is no evidence that the 
hostility of black fast bowlers 
against the early touring teams 
was anything out of the ordinary. 
Native players like “Float" Woods 
from Trinidad had pace . . . when 
they were allowed to play. Black 
players were not always permitted 
to take the field. Cricket was run 
by the whites, who probably 
dreaded social embarrassment 
more than a bump on the head. 

Woods was rated as one of the 
fastest bowlers in the world, but he 
liked to bowl in bare feet, to “feel 
de pitch wid de toe". It is 
suspected that he tore the soles 
from his cricket boots, leaving the 
uppers in position to keep himself, 
his captain and his hosts happy 
during the 1 900 tour of England. 

A s the 20th century pro- 
gressed. the restraints 
upon black cricketers - 
the fast bowler in partic- 
ular — were gradually eased. The 
theory that black men were fast- 
bowling workhorses rather than 
batsmen also needed reconsider- 
ation as George Headley, from the 
late 1920s, showed himself to be 
one of history's finest batsmen. He 
may still deserve precedence over 
Weekes. Worrell and Walcott — 
even Sobers and Richards. 

Headley was poorly supported 
in the batting, but at least West 
Indies fielded small brigades of 
fast bowlers. On the 1923 tour of 
England they bad George Francis 
and. though past his best. George 
John, who finished his follow- 
th rough like Lillee, almost under 
the nose of the startled batsman. 
The mercurial Constantine was 
joined later by Martindale and 
Leslie Hylton {so far the only Test 
cricketer to be banged for murder: 
he delivered his own retribution 
on his ening wife). 

Spells of blistering fast bowling 
from these men were common 
enough, but 200-odd bouncers and 
kickers in a day. like the present 
generation unleashes, would have 
been unacceptable. 

The rugged Wyatt, however, is 
again the centre of the story. 
During the West Indians’ 1928 
visit to Edgbaston, he went out to 
bat for Warwickshire as Len Bates 
was caned off senseless after being 
hit on the head by Constantine. If 
the bowler was remorseful about 
what had just happened, he man- 
aged to contain it for the next two 
balls glanced off Wyatt's skull for 

Patrick Eagar 


1969 70 71 72 73. 74 75 76 



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WestlncSes' stra . 
deploying four fast 
simultaneously was first 
used consistently in the 1976 
series in England, although 
this form of attack -was 
initiated in the fourth Test 
match against India at 
Madras m January 1975. Its 
success is illustrated by West 
Indies' record from the 
first Test against England in 
1976 to the first Test against 
England in 1986: played 74, 
won 34, drawn 34, lost 6. In 
only two of these defeats 
(bom by Australia) did they 
nave the four pronged attack.* f d 
The chart indicates the : 
career spans of the fast 
bowlers during that period, 
based cm first and latest 
Test appearances. 

Hcto« first played n June 19S) am 
Roberts ft Mans 187*. and 8 m taurw 
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Creased lightning: Patrick Patterson, West Indies' latest fast-bowling recruit, in action against England 

There is a long-standing, explo- 
sively sensitive area here. If an 
Englishman is felled by an Austra- 
lian bouncer, whatever the sense 
of outrage, it could not possibly 
have been a racially motivated 
assault — though it might be 
claimed that the blow was deliber- 
ate for more obscure reasons. 

Do the West Indian pace men 
dish it out to their own during 
inter-island matches? Apparently 
they do. But West Indian batsmen 
tend to handle it better since they 
grow up on these pitches (though 
Vivian Richards’s record against 
Barbados makes one think: one 
century in 1 9 innings, average 25). 
Never, though, has there been 
such a concentration of life^ 
threatening, lightning-fast bowling 
as we have seen from the West 
Indies over the past 10 years. 

There was a lime when Wes 

Hall would bound in and grind 
Colin McDonald's rib-cage. The 
valiant Australian opener would 
buckle at the knees, dutch his 
chest as if clinging to his life's 
thread, and gasp for air. Then he 
would walk slowly back to his 
guard and face up again. 

T his was a stirring display 
of fortitude, a welcome 
part of the day's dramatic 
pageant. After a time, the 
spinners would come on and there 
would be a more cerebral, artistic 
kind of contest 

Today, however, the escalation 
from Hall to Marshall Garner. 
Patterson. Holding and the rest 
has reached a murderous crescen- 
do which shrieks remorselessly 
throughout the innings. The thrill- 
ing and permissively dangerous 

one-to-one joust has been replaced' 
by a protracted gang mugging. 

West Indian supporters custom- 
arily dismiss criticism of the fast 
bowling overkill with mes of 
“squealers” or “what about 
Bodyline, and Tyson, and Lillee 
and Thomson?" If asked why they 
play their cricket in this unsubtle 
way. the only succinct and remote- 
ly decent answer can be: “Because 
it brings victory". 

These are dubious retorts, since 
for every alleged offender from 
any other country in the past, at 
least one West Indian fast bowler 
can be recalled to match. The 
West Indian authorities cared 
enough about the humanities of 
the game to send Roy Gilchrist 
home from the 1958-59 tour of 
India and Pakistan when he 
insisted on spraying a continuous 
stream of bouncers and beam ere. 

This diminutive tearaway was still 
compulsively practising his ber- 
serk brand of bowling in English 
league cricket several years later. 

Charlie Griffith was another 
Caribbean quickie worthy of fo- 
rensic study, his place in history 
secure more for bis bowling 
action, which did not satisfy 
everybody, than for his 94 Test 
wickets. Those who faced him will 
remember the horrible path 
scorched through the air by his 
short ball, which “followed" the 
hapless batsman. 

One of his bouncers almost , 
killed Nari Contractor, the Indian 
batsman, and he battered Ken 
Barrington. But it was not only the 
men at the top of the batting order 
who felt his wrath. Young Derek 
Underwood, round-shouldered 
and fresh-faced, batting number 
II in his first Test in 1966. took 
one in the teeth from Griffith. The 
convention that a Test fast bowler 
prefers to bowf out tail-coders 
rather than terrorize them went. up 
iii a sad puff of smoke. This was 
the immediate heritage of today’s 

The “pack" principle was . 
adopted soon' after Clive Lloyd’s 
West Indians endured a heavy 
defeat — by five games to one — in 
Australia 10 years aga The moti- 
vation was born. Now where were 
the fast bowlers? In the streets, 
bars and fields of Barbados and 
Jamaica there are hordes of six- 
footers who rejoice in their 
strength and agility, get their “fix" 
by propelling a ten -fast and 
eliciting; admiration, and eye the 
advantages that cricket fame can 
bring with the same eagerness that 
impelled the unemployed in the 
Depression to don boxing gloves. 

None of the West Indian fast 
bowlers more resembled a boxer 
than the cold-eyed Andy Roberts, 
son of a poor Antiguan fisherman. 

Cbulney WoMi6 I 

fxii? lfii.1 

■ !'• K31.68-J 

v- ''Patrick Pattenran 1 

i ta aw 

He bowled his. way to fame, 
fortune and a CBE Umpire-- 
barging Colin Croft from Guyana, 
who made a speciality ofbowlir 


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round the wicket so that every 
bad to be on the line of the 
batsman's body, picked up cash 
rewards from Lancashire, Kerry, 
Packer's cricket cirrus, and a rebel 
South African tour. Croft's bowl-, 
ing action was the ugliest of them 
all. contrasting with the virile 
exuberance of Hall, the haunting 
“stow motion" deception of the 
giant Garner, and the poetic flow 
of the lithe qnarter-miler Holding. 
The gross superfluity of fast 
bowling now tends to obscure 
aesthetic considerations. 

om petition for a high 
place in West Indies 
cricket, with its instant 
recognition and material 
benefits, is at fever pitch; which 
perhaps explains why these 
bowlers seem to be bowl mg faster 
and with moir frenzy than their 
predecessors. It may be too glib a 
theory that Afro-West Indian . 
slock has physical advantages 
over the Caucasian and Asian 
competition, but the field of fast 
bowling, now that all the 
“shackles" — racial and social — 
have been removed, bears the 
mark of West Indian dominance 
based on force. 

The white man. in his supposed 
traditional perfidy, can do nothing 
about it this lime, even by 
amending the laws of the game. 
There are two kinds of Test cricket 
now: that which concerns West 
Indies and that which does not. 

David Frith 

Day-id Frith is editor of Wisden 
Cricket Monthly and author of 
The Fast Men, a history of fast 

©Ttaw Newspapers Ud, T3SS 

Power struggle 
at Battersea 

How a local community is losing its fight to 
stop a multi-million pound leisure complex 

It now looks as though the 
defunct hulk of Battersea pow- 
er station in south London will 
begin its new life as a £50 
million leisure centre before 
the end of 1987. The Conser- 
vative-controlled Wandsworth 
council has just confirmed, by 
a majority of three votes, the 
earlier decision of its planning 
development committee to ap- 
prove this ambitious but high- 
ly controversial project 
If the finished article resem- 
bles the artists' florid projec- 
tions, the old building and its 
surroundings will find them- 
selves transformed into a mas- 
sive family playground — a 
1980s hybrid of Disneyland, 

Alton Towers ami Tivoli Gar- 

The company responsible 
for the development is Batter- 
sea Leisure Limited, headed 
by John Broome, who is also 
the chairman and chief execu- 
tive of .Alton Towers. Before 
the appearance of Broome, a 
consortium led by the business 
consultant Sir David Roche 
had won the competition held 
by the Central Electricity Gen- 
erating Board to find the most 
appropriate scheme for the 
power station's conversion 
when it was closed three years 

The panel of judges under 
the chairmanship of Lord Ezra 

Riverside landmark: power 



8 Ink absorber (8.5) 

9 Worid council <1.U) 

10 Communal vessel 
( 6 . 3 ) 

11 Lived(S) 

13 Principally (7) 

16 Grave (7| 

19 Playground slope (5) 
22 Counsel (9) 

24 Long lettuce (31 

25 Fish soup (1 3) 


1 Be plentiful (6) 

2 Gloomy (6} 

3 Small dagger ( 8) 

4 Whine (6) 

5 Route (4) 

6 Red Indian (6) 

7 Settle in advance (6) 
12 Small (3) 

14 Remaining (8) 

15 Youth (3) 20 Cut surface (6) 

16 Document copier (6) 21 Resurrection festival 

17 Makegood (6) 16) 

18 Prehistoric slabs (6) 23 Become liquid (4) 


ACROSS: 1 Wilful 4 Bronze 7 Lose 8 Meantime 9 Diplomat 13 

16 Housebreaking 17 Woe 19Hoielier 24 Mediocre 25 
27 Tiller 


Gall 26 Render 

DOWN: 1 Wile 2 Lassitude 3 Limbo 4 Bwana 5 Oath 6 
Zombi 10 Leech 11 Merit !2Traw) 13 Whitehall MGautt 15 
Show 18 Obese 20 Occur 21 Exert 22 Mind 23 Slur 

was swayed in favour of the 
theme park notion by the 
prospect of some 42500 new 
jobs mi the 32-acre site. Forty- 
seven public meetings and 
innumerable leaflets later the 
Battersea Power Struggle, as 
it is locally dubbed, has be- 
come an Issue which tran- 
scends the mere refitting of a 
splendid industrial cathedral. 
Its more militant opponents 
object to the fact that the 
design of the park is in the 
hands of the Texas-based 
Leisure And Recreation Con- 
cepts fLARC) — aptly for this 
long-running saga, the head- 
quarters are in Dallas. Hence 
the temptation to see the whole 
enterprise as foreign venture 
capitalism, whose end product 
wOI be of donhtfal local bene- 

The debate also touches on 
two of the main preoccupa- 
tions of tiie inner city — 
unemployment and traffic con- 

For this reason, Battersea 
Leisure is at pains to project 
an image of provider of jobs, 
which is calculated to endear it 
to a borough with 17,000 
on employed. The company 
reckons that nearly 50 per cent 
or 2,000 of the workforce 
would be recruited locally, 
most of the jobs taken fry 

station to pleasure garden 

people at the younger end of 
the labour market. 

Battersea Power Station 
Community Group, one of the 
main opposition voices, takes 
issne with these figures. It 
cites the 500-acre Thorpe 
Park with its full-time staff of 
just 60, and Chessington Zoo 
(65 acres, 80 employees) as 
evidence of Battersea 
Leisure's “unsubstantiated 
promises" The groop also 
maintains that if thaw is 
indeed to be work for so many, 
it can only be sustained by an 
influx of visitors far in excess 
of tiie company's forecast. 

Intolerable burden 
on clogged streets 

Last year Sir Frederick 
Snow and Partners, the 
company's traffic consultants, 
estimated that of the three to 
four million visitors a year 
expected at the complex dur- 
ing its first five years, about 65 
per cent would travel fry car 
with a further 25 per cent 
arriving by coach. Despite the 
developers’ plan to provide 
parking spaces fin- several 
thousand cars, some residents 
fear that the traffic generated 
will put an intolerable burden 
on the area's narrow and 
already clogged streets. 

Considerable importance is 
being attached to the estab- 
lishment of a fixed rail link 
from Victoria station, and a 
shuttle bus service to be 
operated by Battersea Leisure. 
Although the planning appli- 
cation has gone thnmgh 
Wandsworth council, the au- 
thority has stipulated that 
certain demands be met — 
particularly those related to 
transport — before work goes 

The Community -Group 
would still like to see' the 
premises used for small local 
industries^ or recreatioa pur- 
poses, though it seems to have 
accepted the inevitability of 
the theme park. Tony Spal- 
ding, Battersea Leisure's pub- 
lic relations officer, is 
magnanimous in victory. “I 
suppose the trouble is that one 
tends to get polarized in these 
matters", he says. “Of course 
we were aware that the volume 
of traffic was bound to be 
increased by the park, and we 
went to great pains to have a 
proper survey carried 
out ... I think it is very much 
to the credit of those who 
opposed the development Umi 
we have now rethought our 
original prnposals on 

o&unended that no generating 
station should be put up in 
Battersea as tiie area was 
Already too industrialized. 

. Today there is a cavernous 
silence inside the {dace — one 
milium square feet of it. 

Battersea, of course, is no 
stranger to the idea of 
recreation centres, having 
played host for 36 years to the 
nearby, and also defanct, fun- 
fair in the Festival Gardens. 
In the new age of leisure, much 
of which is enforced by rising 
unemployment, tourism. .and 
Its related pursuits have be-' 
come a growth industry, rant- 
ing an annual strtn of £36 
million - 27 per cent of 
consumer spending, or 8 per 
emit of the national income. If 
Mtd_ when the developers have 
their way, Battersea power 
station is poised to play its 
port in the new . current of 
wealth generation. Whether 
this will improve the lot of ■ 
those who Hve in its immense 
shadow remains to be seen. 

Alan Franks 

The bnfldingitself stands by 
the Thames, a rather reluctant 
symbol of change, its four 
famous chimneys stark and 
redundant against the skyline, 
shore of those polluting smoke 
plumes which were at least a 
token of its nseftdness. It is as 
high as a 22-storey budding, 
and its mass is sufficient to 
swallow St Paul's Cathedral 

Like so much industrial 
construction in Britain its very 
development was as much 
beset iy controversy ash its 
refurbishment half a century 
later. Years before it was built, 
residents and politicians bad 
emphatically declared their 
opposition. In a Lords debate . 
shortly after planning permis- 
sion was granted in November 
1927, Lord Askwith reminded 
his fellow members tint two 
decodes previously a parlia- 
mentary committee had roc- 

Barbara Wootton 

Social Science and 
Essays in her honour 


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Still bound to the hack’s 

*VTi *2 ^ 1 i 


T^irst. the tiite, which is “not 
|H. jNjJjr facetious”; it *. 
I “B'to toe second bank of 

r~ P? typewriter. Anthony 

Burgess s instrument these 30 years. 
Toe good workman praises his 
tools, and is scared of making the 
uansiuon from clattering Owen 
Ywop to a- velvety” word proces- 
sor. With the cfattorcr “the rest of 
thchousehold knows that you are at 
wore and does not suspect you of 

SS 3 &d‘$S?« a » 

So«» may. find this on the 
pseudxsh side of self-indulgent. Yet 
Burgess is right to introduce this 
selection from his journalism by 
drawing attention to the typewriter 
by which te lives. He is famous as 
novelist and on television, and 
known 10 be a composer but he is 
sail bound to the hack’s machine. 
The rewards of the serious novelist ■ 
are meagre, and he needs journal- 
ism to augment bis insufficient 
earnings from art.” What’s more be 
enjoys it; bound to Qwert Yuiop, he 
is still a free man, as are all who take 
pleasure in their work. Reviewing 
keeps his name before the public 
and his mind fresh. It imposes “an 
admirable formal discipline." We 
have here about one third of his 
journalism in the given years. The 
standard is high. Freshness and 
discipline are two of the features. 
Burgess is never boring There is not 
a piece here from which I have not 
derived entertainment and instruc- 
tion. He can be extravagant in 
judgement, sometimes wimd and 
wrong-headed, but never for long. 
In Johnson’s words, the man has a 
bottom of good sense. 

Johnsonian is a word too easily 
used. Nevertheless it can be applied 
to Burgess. He' is both magisterial 
and lapidary: “Writers are rarely 
good at undestanding their own 
work, let alone discoursing on it"; 
“Art begins with craft and there is 
no art until craft has been 
mastered"; “1 shall be unhappy if 
The Human Factor is mentioned in 
the same breath as Mr le Carres 
best-selling deadweights"; “I never 
enjoy Shakespeare more than when 
schoolchildren perform him. Stage 
directors no longer defer, deference 
is left to the ignorant dead". Such 
observations, thrown out off the 

Allan Massie on 
the collected 
pieces of our 

wit, writer, 
and novelist 

Selected Journalism 
. 1978-85 

middle class." He finds Forster 
overrated, and Ford's The Good 
Soldier conceivably the best British 
novel of the century. 

-He has the little vanities of a great 
man. It pleases him to write of his 
friendship with Sophia Loren (but 
who wouldn't be proud to be able to 
do so?), and of the “huge Gucci 
travelling satchel Fellini gave rat” 

H e has read Don Quixote 
three times; Budd 
Schulbere’s The Disen- 
chanted 20 times; Rupert 
Hart-Da vis’s life of Hugh Walpole 
10 times; and Les Mlsifables in two 
nights and a day. He doesn’t (1 
think) say here how often he has 
read Finnegans Wake, but I once 
heard him tell the stoiy. He revelsin 
words, though once rebuked by the 
Literary Editor of The Times for “a 
mindless bit of parrot jargon”. (But 
that was on television). I hesitate to 
tackle such a wordsmith, but I think 
he misuses “timocracy”; and 
“cacotopia” is vile, suggesting a 
misderived opposite of Utopia. 
Samuel Butler knew better. His 
sweeping judgements are some- 
times too much. Do “all boys dream 
of copulating with the Fat Lady”? 

Here he writes of music. language, 
places, people, as well as literature; 
and it is abundantly good. Is he 
right, I wonder, in dunking that 
Waugh wrote too wed fora novelist? 
He gives his reason:“a work of 
fiction should be, for its author, a 
journey into the unknown, and the 
prose should convey the difficulties 
of the journey.” That's a sentence to 
set students to discuss. It is the work 

cuff, have an earned authority. They 
are the fruit of a mature and 
copiously-stored intelligence. 

I often drink of him as Dr 
Burgess. This is not mere whimsy. 
Hugh. McDiannid, whom be con- 
siders perhaps the greatest modern 
poet,. liked to be addressed. -on 
formal occasions as Dr Grieve. The 
use of his honorary doctorate 
expressed Iris high regard for schol- 
arship, which Burgess shares. It also 
tilted at the English affectation of 
the gentlemanly scholar, prevalent, 
at least till recently, in Oxford and 
Cambridge. Like Grieve, Burgess 
(Lancashire/Irish/cradle Catholic/ 
University of Manchester) finds 
English amateurism limiting and 
provincial. Bo to. take all knowledge 
as their province; and scorn the 
affectations of a backwater metrop- 

S o br Burgess puts aspects of 
English culture in then* prop- 
er place. He would set Virgin- 
ia Woolf for instance; “who 
thought she had superseded the 
Edwardians, in the very tradition 
she attacked.” He has as little time ' 
for Bloomsbury, “the rich cream of 
Edwardian liberalism", as the < 
Bloomsberries had for ms beloved ’ 
Joyce: “they did not like what they 
termed its coarseness, and they were 
not pleased either with Joyce's 
comic-epic glorification of the lower 

of a man who has pondered his 
craft. “The novelist is a confidence 
trickster, while it is the task of the 
scholar 10 abhor treachery and teach 
scepticism.” To which one might 
add ihal the novelist sets out to 
dispel unbelie£“A few years ago in 
the city of Y-. in the province of X-, 
there lived a man...” 

For all his brio, he is fair. His 
favourite novel is Clvsses (there's a 
marvellous warm essay on Eilman’s 
Joyce). Yet he points out its fault: 
“It evades the excruciating problem 
that most novelists set themselves: 
how, without blatant contrivance, 
to show character in the process of 
change.” His summing-up is per- 
fect: Joyce “reminds us tii 2 t life is a 
divine comedy and that literature is 
a jocose and serious business.” 

Zest, intelligence, wiu and a short 

way with nonsense are 
charac lens! ic:** A r. isls. who get no 
end of a kick out of the trade they 
practise, are always eager to say 
what hell it is.” Quite. He agrees 
with Johnson that none but block- 
heads write except for money, but 
himself writes aiso for love and to 
celebrate. This invigorating and 
enriching book is one 10 buy, 
despite its price, not borrow. Mean- 
while. Dr Burgess will be typing 
another review, and a novel, and 
probably an opera (score and libret- 
to). a film script, and a book on 
language, while that ibud in the 
passage represents 2 aoiher parcel 
from The literary editor, which, after 
all these years and words, he will 
still tear open, eagerly. Bless him. 



4—J sZiPil 

lh 'ZS' “■"Sc*' ’ 

Readers familiar with Dr 
Scruton's political polemics 
may be surprised, - But should 
be reassured, by the standard 
of erudition and argument 
that pervades this boot . De- 
scribed in the bWb:as “air 
intellectual adventure", it 
covers an immense amount of 
ground, and is more illuminat- 
mg in its asides end apercus 
than in offering cogent conclu- 
sions based on conceptual 
analysts; but if the conclusions 
are not always cogent, that is 
because he is bold enough to 
take on not only a wide variety 
of authors,, but also almost 
every concept that has sexual 
connections (persons, desire; 
love, gender, perversion, mar- 
riage, jealousy, prostitution, 
obscenity, friendship, beau- 
ty...). An author who adopts 
this semi-encyclopaedic ap- 
proach should not be judged 
solely, or even primarily, on 
his predictably conservative 
conclusions, which aim at the 
“restoration of the sacred” 
and avoiding the loss of 

This richesse is only an 
embarras to the reviewer. But 
there are two major method- 
ological issues that the reader 
will want to consider. First, 
the author takes an Aristote- 
lian rather than a Platonic 
approach to virtue and moral- 
ity (“Virtue, like friendship, is 

; . John Wilson 


.. By Roger Scrnton 

. Weidenfizld&Nkolson, £18.95, 

'. paperback £S.9S 

a disposition to intentional 
action"): he is concerned with 
what people do rather than 
with an .unmorabzed concept 
of their mental health. He 15 
consequently unsympathetic 
to Freud and in particular to 
the Freudian unconscious, re- 
garding Freud as a kind of 
railed scientist; and is insuffi- 
ciently impressed by the feet 
that people have histories that 
continue to influence them. 
On any account these histories 
are mysterious, and somehow 
have to be probed if we are to 
understand how sexuality 
works: it is not merely a 
matter of social conditioning 
plus conscious choice. Some 
story has 10 be told, if not the 
stones of Freud or Melanie 
Klein. For a decent social life. 
Aristotle is an excellent guide: 
tor something more the deeper 
insights of Plato and his 
followers may be needed. 

Secondly, it is not entirely 
clear what Scruton regards as a 
conclusive argument in phi- 
losophy: his interesting dis- 
cussion on method leaves this 

open. Rightly stressing that 
the main problem is one of 
. description, and placing him- 
self among analytic philoso- 
phers, he nevertheless adopts 
an approach far removed from 
that of their most influential 
mentor, JX. Austin, whose 
slogan ■ “linguistic 
phenomenology" seems tai- 
lor-made for- the purpose. 
There is in feet little close-knit 
discussion or dialectic of nor- 
mal usage: one must assume 
that Scruton supposes there to 
be comparatively little mile- 
age in such discussion for the 
topics in question. That seems 
to me, though possible, a rash 
idea to hold in advance of 
actually trying it. The difficul- 
ty is that, if we abandon the 
conclusiveness of Austin: an 
discussion, we are left only 
with certain intuitions de- 
scribed more or less persua- 

This is fairly typical of 
much modem philosophy. 
Certainly what Scruton has 
written is interesting, lucid, 
perceptive, and to the point 
Whether or not we agree with 
some, all, or none of it his 
book should be read by any- 
one seriously concerned with 
the topics be investigates. It is 
a genuine work of philosophy: 
and an ounce of that is worth a 
ton of political ideology. 


...and the cure for leprosy 

Existing leprosy vaccine grows only inside armadillos, 
so it mil tale adorie to eradicate the disease. 
Another link you may have missed between 
the purely academic and the sternly economic. 

If you haven’t been reading New Scientist, you wont have 
made the connection. 

Who said purely academic? 


Today and every Thursday 

This author, I read recently, is 
“indignant when critics type 
him as a crime writer”, be- 
cause be sees himself in the 
tradition of Scott Fltxgerakl 
rather than Raymond Chan- 
dler. “Yeah, yeah, yeah" as 
one of his characters, the DA 
from Bristol County, remarks, 
“Let’s quit f — around here 
and play a little golf.” 

As long as book pages 
divide their fiction into genres, 
this book and others like it will 
come under tire Thriller bead- 
ing at the top of this column. If 
Mr Higgins wants to be 
categorized differently, he 
should not introduce murder, 
sex, and a bottle 
of“acceptable” Cotes du 
Rhone in the Charter Club bar 
on the 36th floor of 200 
Federal Street all within the 
first 25 pages. Let alone this 
oriental chick leaning back in 
the blade leather chair, so that 
“her breasts became promi- 
nent against her white 

As a thriller the book's OK. 
Respected fete news anchor- 
man on local TV loses wife and 
daughter to drunk driver. 
Driver gets mere two years in 
gaol. TV-man slays him with 
shotgun- DA is np for re- 
election; doesn't want case to 
come to court, not least be- 
cause the TV-man has dirt on 
,tbe DA and also half the fat 
-cats around town. The setting, 
by the way, is contemporary 
Boston and Cape Cod, though 
frankly a sense of place is not 
Mr Higgins's strong suit. You 
need more than the odd refer- 
ence to the Sagamore Rotary, 
cranberry juice, and fog to 
make the reader think he is 
somewhere other than the all- 
purpose USA you see in TV 
Soaps. Lunch, bed, or office, 
which Mr Higgins describes 
adequately wd often, are the 
same everywhere. 

The sense of Daflas-Dynas- 
ty is accentuated by the feet 
that practically everybody in 
the book is unpleasant, espe- 
cially the rich, powerful, and 
corrupt Bat like TV-Soap, 
the book is easy to read; and, 
unlike TV-Soap, there is a lot 
of quite snappy dialogue. 
More dialogue than narrative 
It seems to me; and a lot of TV- 
aachorman to tape recorder. 

All in mil it's an adequate 
Beta Plus thriller in a respect- 
able tradition. But sure as hell 
it ain’t Scott Fitzgerald. 

• Nowhere, by Thomas 
Berger (Methuen* £8.95). Fra 
a sucker for a had pun; so 
when Russell Wren is accosted 
on Twenty-Third Street by a 
derelict, who asks, “W3j yon 
buy my birthright for a pint of 
message?", I was half won 
over. By the time Rnssefl has 
been bombed out of his apart- 
ment and hijacked on to 
Sebastian! Royal Airlines, 
where the first thing the 
stewardess says is “V 00 M you 
like to skveese the breasts?”, I 
was fairly certain. 

Wren, a playwright who 
can't get his third act together, 
h qs been making a modest 
living as a store detective in a 
Manhattan deli. Now he ap- 
pears to have been assigned to 
the mid-European principality 
of San Sebastian » an under- 
cover agent, disguised in a 
plaid jacket and polyester 
trousers of kelly green, tur- 
quoise, and magenta. 

It’s Soap 

is it Art? 

Tim Hedd 

By Geoi^e V. 

Andre Deuisch. £9.95 

It is all immensely silly, of 
course; bat also sprightly, 2 nd 
arch, and mercifully short. 
Some of the jokes are fearful: 
his fellow spook claims to have 
a disease so dire that it makes 
him not only seem drunk but 
also smell drunk; the Prince is 
a pederast with a passion for 
ice cream; and a concierge is 
put in a pillory with a sign 
round his neck saying 1 WAS 
RUDE. Books like this are a 
welcome antidote to reading 
another sort of thriller alto- 

• First Loyalty, by Richard 
Lonrie (Macmillan, £8.95). 
There is a grim topicality 
about a book that opens in a 
Soviet Labour camp, with two 
prisoners discussing irmmeeat 
release, one to Leningrad, and 
the other to exile. The second 
at least is no Shcbaransky. for 
he is the creature of Amoa 
Vinias, head of 

HUGO YPEng& aftfl^&STgEB SEiOMAg 


. .« 
"ft; . 

Growing up today 
in the US of A 

not, comrade, what he seems. 
Meanwhile, in another part of 
the doable world. Vanka- 
Vstanksbas has made a 
breakthrough and discovered 
that there are “chemical or 
endocrinological substances 
related to areas of unusual 
human activity - the longevity 
of certain Georgians.-” If die 
substances are what we think, 
then we can all live 40 per cent 
longer than usual. 

The author is a Russian and 
Polish translator, who appar- 
ently knows the Russian exile 
world in New York. As de- 
scribed here, this has the ring 
of truth. I'm afraid I was not, 
however, convinced by the , 
plot, the shooty-bangs, and, 
least of all, by toe elixir of fife. 

© Walking Shadows, by Fred 
Taylcr (The Bodley Head* 
£935). Swastika on toe cover, 
and Admiral Cacaris of the 
Abwehr appearing in toe first 
few pages (“Ah Otto. Yoa look 
exhausted, dear boy”) arouse 
strong prejudices in me. 1 have 
teen here before, and on 
balance 1 would prefer not to 
go again. Nevertheless this is 
a very accomplished first nov- 
el, and compares well with 
most of toe Untold Secret 
Stories of toe World War Two 
sub-genre. I think Mr Taylor 
may turn one rather well, if 
only he gets off the beaten 
track; and comfort may be 
taken from the feet that he is 
said to be researching his next 
took in Australia. Perhaps it 
uill be the definitive Oz 
blockbuster about the dark, 
lean, international newspaper 
proprietor, with toe incredibly 
beautiful blonde wife, who 
comes out from Down Under 

Bobbie Ann Mason provides 
toe latest offering from a 
talented and ever-expanding 
group of American women 
novelists whose gift lies in the 
encapsulation of American 
culture within the framework 
of family relationships. The 
variations on a theme are 
plenty, as each individual 
imagination invests the mate- 
rial with its own colours. In 
Country is Miss Mason’s first 
novel. Her trademark, is an 
attention to detail as she 
writes about the difficulties of 
a sevenieen-year-old girl 
growing up in a small town in 
Kentucky. Her points of refer- 
ence in the great American 
experience 2 re pop songs and 

Samantha Hughes is toe 
daughter of a man who was 
killed in Vietnam before she 
was bom. She lives with her 
mother's brother, a disturbed 
Vietnam veteran whose preoc- 
cupations are more in tune 
with Sam's than with those of 
his mature contemporaries. 
The novel looks at the girl’s 
growing awareness of toe con- 
fusing aftermath of Vietnam 
on American society. Small 
town life is recorded down to 
toe Iasi coke can and ham- 
burger wrapper. The heat and 
emptiness are palpable. Sam's 
existence is an alienated one. 
despite the fact that she is 
living in toe place she grew up 

Miss" Mason’s novel lacks 
the skilful construction of 
some of her contemporaries' 
work (the leitmotiv of toe 
television programme. 
MAS.H. for instance, is 
rather laboured), but nonethe- 
less she achieves a remarkable 
final scene in the book, a mass 
mounting with a refreshing 
grain of optimism. 

Andrew Harvey's novel. 
Burning Houses, could be 
from another plana for all the 
relation it bears to toe details 
of small town America. Set in 
Paris, it is a very exotic 
creation, not much concerned 
with the outer world, and 
sometimes rather confusing. 
Charles, a man in bis early 
thirties, has written an auto- 
biographical novel about the 
ending of his love affair with a 
married man. Mark. The story 
of their last few days together 
is told as a novel within a 
novel, as Charles reads his 
work to an outrageously camp 
old film direaor, Adolphe 
{“the worst in the world after 
Ingmar Bergman” he says). 

The best parts of the novel 
{and they are very good) are 
about the relationship be- 
tween Charles and Adolphe, 
which emerges as that of 
disciple and guru. Adolphe is a 
brilliant piece of characieriza- 

Gflliaa Greenwood 

Bv Bobbie Ann Mason 

Chauo & Windus. £9. 95 

By Andrew Harvey 
Cape. £9.50 

Bv Siegfried Lenz 
Methuen. £8.95 

lion. When he is present, the 
novel dazzles and entertains 
with rich imagery, wit, and a 
canny observation wrapped in 
high " camp style. Everyone 
speaks in an aphoristic man- 
ner. The relationship between 
Mark and Charles is less 
successful and sinks into ba- 
nality — though the author is 
one step ahead of this criti- 
cism, as is clear when Adolphe 
remarks: “Why is it that when 
we meet Wonderboy we al- 
ways speak like Rita 
Hayworth? Can it be the 
banality of toe movies en- 
shrines a great truth?” The 
answer to that is probably yes; 
but it doesn't moke them great 

An altogether different sort 
of moral confrontation is set 
up in The Lighthouse by 
Siegfried Lenz, a remarkable, 
spore psychological thriller, 
whose tensions, though delib- 
erately understated, have an 
undermining quality that 
makes toe novel extremely 

The lightship of toe title is 
on its last watch. Freytag, the 
ship's captain, has brought his 
adolescent son with him on 
this final duty. Fred believes 
his father 10 be a coward; to 
have a shameful secret in his 
past. The crew pick up three 
strangers in a drifting boat, 
who come aboard toe an- 
chored ship to wail for a lift 
across the channel. A game of 
cat and mouse now begins as a 
strange relationship builds be- 
tween Freytag and the enig- 
matic Caspari. toe brains 
behind the criminal team (for 
that is what the three are). 
Freytag is forced to make a 
series of moral decisions 
which neither his crew nor bis 
son understand. A three-way 
battle of wills ensues, conduct- 
ed for the most part behind a 
layer of silence, the dialogue 
being- brief but for toe most 
part loaded. 

Siegfried Lenz is a sixty- 
year-old German writer who. 
though popular and celebrated 
in his own country, is not 
much translated here. On toe 
strength of this novel, it is a 



Selling Hitler 

The Story of the Hitler Diaries 
Robert Harris 

“Thrilling” Daily Mail 
“Hilarious” Sunday Express 
“Entertaining” Sunday Telegraph 
“Delightful” Time Out 
“Masterly” Literary Review 
“Impossible ... to stop reading” 


£ 10.95 






Still game 

Tory MP John Carlisle »ill ad- 
dress the Monday Gub at Oxford 
after all. A meeting at Oriel two 
weeks ago. at which he was to have 
spoken on South Africa, was 
called off when he was confronted 
by a crowd of demonstrators too 
thick for him to pass. It has now- 
been rescheduled for next week, at 
a venue to be announced- It will be 
an all-tickei affair and the police 
are being kept informed of the 
arrangements- “This time we are 
determined the meeting will go 
ahead,** says University Monday 
Gub president Simon Clow. 


‘I suppose he's eager to get 
a knighthood* 

Never too late 

We all know how late you can 
safely ring up a single man (1 1.30 
pm), but what of Mrs Thatcher? 
Tory MP Peter Bottomley tells me 
that he was in Brussels during the 
Heysel Stadium disaster and 
dared to ring her at 1.30 a m. A 
bobby was sent up to see if her 
bedroom light was on. It was. 
When Bottomley had at last given 
his news and Mrs T had asked him 
to “give my very best wishes to 
everyone in hospital", she broke 
off. then came back: "Oh! Denis 
says ‘not to the villains’." 


Has Rome stolen a march on 
Canterbury? In a letter asking for a 
character reference, the head of St 
Bernard's Roman Catholic school 
in High Wycombe says the ap- 
plicant “has applied for the post of 
Home Economics Assistant (Part- 
time) at St Bernard's school and 
has given your name as a 

priest to whom reference may 

be made confidentially." The 
addressee? Miss M Woolcott. 


Lord Trefgarne. a government 
spokesman in the Lords, has 
confirmed my report that, unlike 
the USA. Britain is to withdraw 
United Nations privileges from 
visiting Unesco officials. Replying 
to questions about my report, he 
said international organizations 
could not “expect to enjoy full 
privileges and immunities in a 
state which is not a member". 
Unesco is being a bit more 
generous towards us. Its Paris HQ 
is honouring an undertaking to 
put up and entertain 75 British 
youngsters at a conference next 
week of the British Council for 
Education in World Citizenship. 
“Mr M'Bow [Unesco’s headj may 
speak, it's pretty sporting of 
them.” says the council's director. 
Margaret Quass. 

Tense time in the BA cockpit 

Ronald Butt 


new target 

Does Give Ponting know some- 
thing we don't? He is about to start 
writing a book on Lord Wilson of 
Rievaulx entitled The Wilson 
Years, just a year after being 
acquitted on official-secrets 
charges. Ponting plans to sell his 
Islington fiat and move to the 
country to write his magnum 
opus, which he reckons will take 
two years. Yesterday Wilson told 
me he was unaware of the impend- 
ing book. Ponting. whose insider 
book Whitehall: Tragedy and 
Farce is to be published this 
month, should find the W’ilson 
years a rich field. In particular the 
top-secret Polaris improvement 
programme, later revealed to have 
cost a cool billion pounds, should 
satisfy Pooling's taste for 
controversies over official secrecy. 
And what’s more, how will Lady 
Falkender shape up in the book? 

Balancing act 

Michael Heseltine will not be 
amused to know that he has 
unwittingly made a contribution 
to CND. He look such a shine to a 
Guardian cartoon of himself that 
he gave cartoonist Peter Oarke 
£250 for the original. Garke's 
wife, a veteran peace campaigner, 
blew her top when she heard and 
covertly removed the sum from 
their joint bank account and sent 
it to CND. 

Facing facts 

Norman Howard, chairman of the 
GLCs historic buildings sub- 
committee. got a nasty jolt the 
other day when he ripped off 
February from his kitchen cal- 
ender. Illustrating March was a 
line drawing of St Mary-Ie-Strand 
Church, for whose restoration his 
committee has recently given 
thousands. The caption reads: 
“Built by coal owners to celebrate 
the return of the Tory 
government . . .'* 

It is seven years since leading 
members of Mrs Thatcher's 
shadow cabinet, disclosed a few 
tantalizing details of their priv- 
atization plans in the run-up to the . 
Max 1979 general election. Prom- 
inent then on everyone’s list of 
target companies was British Air- 
ways. And surprising as it may 
seem today, the proposal to sell 
BA. announced in the Commons 
by John Noil in July 1979. 
actually marked the inauguration 
of the privatization programme. 

BA is still awaiting take-off. 
This week, not for the first time, 
tense discussions are being held in 
the City and in Whitehall about 
whether BA should finally be 
given the green light. This time, 
the distinction between another 
postponement and an effective 
cancellation looks finer than it has 
ever been. 

Lord King. BA's chairman, has 
made clear his own conviction 
that the airline must be sold in 
June or July at all costs. Any 
aiicmpt by the government to 
thwart him and his board in the 
coming weeks — and there is ev- 
ery sign that this could be the 
plan — is sure to prompt a dra- 
matic response. 

It is not hard to understand the 
strong line being taken by King 
and his senior executives, the 
most conspicuous of whom have 
joined BA since I9S1 hoping to 
enjoy a spell at the top of a leading 
private-sector airline. But -their 
acute impatience reflects more- 
than just accumulated frustration. 

They fear that BA's already 
fragile credibility in the City might 
well have trouble surviving an- 

Dun can Campbell-Smith on the fears that 
privatisation will stay grounded 

other setback. The accountants 
and stockbrokers were originally 
set to work on sate documents 
back in 1980. Then BA was 
overwhelmed by the world airline 
recession of 1980-83: its borrow- 
ing rocketed and the City turned 
from speculation about the correct 
pricing of shares in BA to gossip 
about its chances of survival. 

In 19S4 work on the sale 
documents was resumed, but after 
six months BA fell foul of the US 
courts because of its pan in the 
1982 Laker Airways collapse. Back 
went the privatization papers into 
the filing cabinet, where they 
stayed for most of last year. 

Now the airline is trying again. 
A presentation of its wares has 
been given to select gatherings all 
over the country. Stockbrokers 
have prepared their final selling 
repons. Media time has been 
booked for a television blitz. Tn 
short BA's board has already 
taken a flyer on a July sale — and 
the cost of another postponement 
has risen accordingly. 

Other candidates for privatiza- 
tion — notably British Gas — 
would keep BA waiting until well 
into 1987 . . . and the present bull 
market cannot last forever. 

This week's talks have acquired 
an added tension because BA is 
deeply suspicious of the gov- 
ernment's motives for even 
considering another postpone- 
ment. and fears a change of heart 

Two pretexts exist for shelving 

the July date. BA is not yet free of 
the Laker imbroglio. The US anti- 
trust actions against BA could well 
be settled on March 17. but others 
have arisen to worry the Transport 

Second the debate between BA 
and Whitehall over the airline's 
finances and their implications for 
UK domestic airline competition 
has become badly tangled, even by 
the standards of past pre- 
privatization horse-trading. 

From the government's view- 
point both issues demand ex- 
treme caution. On the legal front 
BA protests that the sums in- 
volved are now relatively in- 
significant and the potential for 
embarrassment strictly limited. 
The civil servants are not so sure. 
BA offered uncomfortably similar 
reassurances for most of 1984, 
until the Laker anion blew up 
only days before a firm commit- 
ment was to be made to a 
February’ 1985 privatization date. 

On the finances, the Treasury 
appears to have no crying need for 
the proceeds of a BA sale during 
1986/7. And the government is 
still concerned about what a 
private-sector BA might do to its 
domestic competitors, were it to 
be unleashed with one of the most 
powerful balance sheets in the 
international industry and free- 
dom to flex it at wifi. 

The Civil Aviation Authority 

proposed radical reforms two 
years ago aimed at exactly this 
problem: but they were com- 
prehensively disregarded in a 
white paper. Airline Competition 
Policy, in October 1984. Sir Adam 
Thomson, chairman of British 
Caledonian, has now been rem- 
inding Transport Department of- 
ficials of their promises since 1984 
to nurture more competition in 
the UK sector. 

The question this week is bow 
far Nicholas Ridley, the Transport 
Secretary, is prepared to endanger 
the sale of BA in order to avoid 
potential complications over the 
latest US courtroom dramas or the 
impact of BA on its commercial 
rivals. Have the attractions of 
privatizing BA begun to fade 
altogether, now that the lure of the 
marketplace has helped restore it 
to its present rude health? 

But as the company's financial 
recovery suggests, great sacrifices 
have been made in the name of 
BA's sale since 1 979 — not least by 
Ridley himself, since it was he in 
1984 who swept aside the CAA's 
earlier objections over com- 
petition. There are many both 
inside BA and beyond who would 
see a cancelled sale, after seven 
tortured years, as a breach of 
political faith. King can be ex- 
pected to lead them from the 

© Tima H a uptpws Ltd, 188S 

Duncan Campbell-Smith, of 
McKinsey A Co. is the author of 
Struggle for Take-Off The British 
Airways Story, to be published by 
Coronet on April 3. 

Bernard Levin 

The trustees of the Natural His- 
tory Museum in South Kensing- 
ton (that amazing building which 
looks as though it was designed by 
the Emperor Domitian in the last 
throes of the DTs) have an- 
nounced that they are to impose a 
modest admission charge, starting 
at the beginning of April next year, 
possibly they thought that by 
giving 1 3 months' notice of their 
intention they would escape criti- 
cism of the proposal, inevitable if 
the shocking news were to be 
released only on the eve of Black 

In this reasonable hope they 
were, as I could have told them, 
reckoning without the Army of the 
Righteous, who have dedicated 
their lives to ensuring that nothing 
they approve of shall ever be 
changed. In command of the 
vanguard on this ocasion was 
Lord Jenkins of Putney, never 
reluctant to set his tonsils aquiver 
in a bad cause. Before you could 
say turnstile, he was accusing the 
museum's trustees of wanting to 
send small boys up chimneys, and 
insisting that if the plan were to be 
carried through it would in- 
evitably lead to a vast increase in 
the incidence of kwashiorkor, 
rickets, bilharzia and phossy jaw. 

This could be the end of 
civilization as we know it. Or not, 
as the case may be; I have never 
been able to see why Britain, 
almost alone among the civilized 
nations of the earth, refuses to 
change for admission to the na- 
tional an and scientific collec- 
tions. Nobody thinks it strange 
that although the National The- 
atre and Covent Garden are 
heavily subsidized their patrons 
still have to pay for their seats, or 
that despite, public ownership of 
the Post Office, stamps are not 
free, or that those who were 
responsible for the nationalization 
of the mines failed to include a ' 
provision for coal to be given 
away at the pit-head to anyone 
bringing a wheelbarrow. 

Visitors to Florence must pay to 
enter the Uffizi; in Munich a 
charge is made for inspection of 
the treasures of the Alte Pin- 
akothek; the same is true of the 
Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the 
Prado in Madrid, the Kunst- 
hislorischesmuseum in Vienna, 
the Museum of Fme Arts in 
Brussels, the Museum of Modem 
Art in New York and the Louvre 
in Paris. Indeed, of some 40 public 
galleries and museums in Paris, all 
but three charge for admission, 
though almost all of these have at 
least one day a week when the fee 
is waived, as do almost all the 
places on my list. And it is not self- 
evident that the citizens of Italy 
and West Germany, of the Nether- 
lands and Spain, of Austria, 
Belgium. America and France, 
have less artistic sensibility than 
we do. and even if it were, that 
might not necessarily be the direct 
consequence of the fact that they 
charge for admission and we do 

A means test 
the meanness 

As it happens, the Natural 
History Museum is instituting 
charges because the alternative 
would be to sack 80 members of 
the staff, which I should have 
thought Lord Jenkins would de- 
plore even more strongly. But 
given the fact that even Maecenas 
and Lorenzo de Medici had to 
draw the line somewhere, there 
will never be enough money for 
museums and galleries to put on 
as many exhibitions as they would 
like, or to improve their buildings 
to the extent that they would like, 
or to acquire as many additions to 
their collections .as they would 
like; what is the objection to their 
charging reasonable sums (with 
concessions to the truly unimonied 
and a free day a week) to those 
who wish to enter, and whatever 
the objection is, why does it not 
apply to the rest of the world? 

I do not see why we should stop 
at an galleries. Apart from the 
apparently implacable resolve on 
the part of the librarians to 
extirpate the practice of reading, 
what was the real reason that 
authors were paid for library loans 
of their books not by a charge of a 
penny a book a withdrawal, but by 
the weird, cumbersome and inad- 
equate svsiem that was finally 
adopted. Public Lending Right? It 
was, surely, our national deter- 
mination to go on pretending, in 
the teeth of the evidence, that 
there is a free lunch, that resources 
are infinite, that Oiristmas comes 
far more often than once a year, 
that it is profoundly immoral to 
charge anybody for anything ex- 
cept in a shop, if there. 

I will go further. Try to put out 
of your mind your knowledge that 
1 wish to send women down the 
mines and restore the Combina- 
tion Acts, the Elizabethan Poor 
Law and the Slave Trade; can you 
tell me, coherently, why those who 
can afford to pay for some or even 
all of their medical treatment 
under the National Health Service 
should not do so? I do not use the 
NHS; but 1 have an unrestricted 
right to. and if I did, I would not 
think it odd, let alone outrageous, 
for a man with my income to 
make up at least some of the 
expense incurred by the taxpayers 
(despite the feet that I am one of 
them ) whenever any of my numer- 
ous. distressing and astonishingly 
varied diseases has to be attended 
to. What is more, I would not 
think it wrong for a man with 
considerably less than my income 
to be obliged to stump up some- 
thing towards his medical treat- 
ment, be it no more than £1 for a 
visit to the doctor and a fiver for 
an operation. Such rates would 
still be tar below what the facilities 
cost, and there is already a 
precedent in the chaiges for NHS 

You see what I am getting at? If 
you do, but are so appalled by it 
that you fir.d it too painful to 
dwell upon, let me do the dwell- 
ing What is wrong with a means 
test? Not what nos wrong; the old 
one. before the Second World 
War. earned its odium by the 
crude and offensive way in which 
it was drawn up and applied. But 
for the life of me. I cannot see why 
a reasonable and humanely 

administered form of it is in itself 
a sin that cries aloud to heaven. 

it takes not more than seven 
seconds’ thought to realize that we 
already have a gigantic means test, 
enforced throughout the land and 
applying to all classes and con- 
ditions. It is the progressive 
income tax, under, the terms of 
which, when a government wishes 
to spend or waste a few billion 
pounds, it raises the wind by 
confiscating without apology or 
thanks, much of the income 
earned by the citizens, with those 
who earn more obliged (very 
properly) to pay more. And, most 
curiously, this means lest is not 
denounced, indeed is applauded, 
by those who scream themselves 
hoarse at the suggestion of graded 
payments for medical treatment, 
let alone graded reductions in 
we I fere benefits. 

Or chaiges for admission to 
museums and art galleries main- 
tained at public expense, even if 
there are no such chaiges on 
Sundays; which is where I started. 
The 'denouncers and hoarse- 
screamers point to the terrible 
example of the Victoria and Albert 
Museum, which has recently be- 
gun to solicit a voluntary entrance 
fee of £2, and has seen its 
attendance figures fall sharply. My 
view of the V & A’s scheme is that 
£2 is loo high and the voluntary 
nature of the charge absurd, but 
that the principle is valid. Let Sir 
Roy Strong reduce the charge to 
50p and make it compulsory, and 
then keep his nerve; within a year, 
everyone will have forgotten that 
it was ever free, and will be 
handing over the money without 
demur or even thought. It will be 
easier, of course, if other public 
museums and galleries were to do 
the same, and I hope they will. 
And if they won’t, perhaps the 
government, when it has finished 
re-enacting the legislation for 
whipping sturdy beggars through 
the streets at the can’s tail might 
take a deep breath and compel 
them to. 

©Tima Ntwapapara, 1986. 

must take care 


By using the little grey cells, one 
can usually predict the outcome of 
the next election at this stage of a 
parliament. Thus it was clear by 
the end of 1968 that Harold Wilson 
would be ejected, as he was in 
1970 for failing to deliver: his 
inflated promises. The nation’s 
memorv would defeat him. 

It had been equally dear in 
advance that Mr Wilson would 
oust the Tories in 1964, since a 
wind of intellectual fashion was 
blowing for the classless, social 
democratic party into which La- 
bour had apparently been trans- 
formed. The nation wanted a 
wholly new dispensation, just as 
when ft replaced James Callaghan 
by Mrs Thatcher in 1 979. . 

Today; Mrs Thatcher is not at 
risk for felling to fulfil her 
principal promises. She has dras- 
tically cut inflation; reformed and 
democratized the unions; de- 
nationalized industries on a scale 
few had thought possible and 
spread ownership. All this has 
been so popular that David Owen 
is now preaching the social market 
economy, and Neil Kinnock has 
relegated re-nationalization to the 
bottom of Labour's priorities. 

Nor is Mrs Thatcher likely to be 
turned out because there is a wind 
of intellectual fashion against her 
and for either of the opposition ' 
parties. Why. then, have so many 
moved from her? The reason is 
their belief that there are now new 
priorities which ought to replace 
the old ones, and that Mrs 
Thatcher does not understand 
this. They feel morally uncomfort- 
able and unhappy. As Gallup has 
shown, on all the social issues 
(principally unemployment, fol- 
lowed by health and education) 
the overwhelming verdict is that 
Labour would handle them best 
followed by the Alliance and with 
the Tories third. 

It is sometimes said that be- 
cause those in work prosper, 
unemployment is less politically 
important than it seems. But it is a 
mistake to think that unemploy- 
ment will swing seats only where it 
is very high; if that were so, why 
should the Tories be under so 
grave a threat from the Alliance in 
the prosperous South? There is 
more altruism in voting than is 
supposed — provided not voting 
Tory doesn’t let Labour in. 

In the social area which now 
causes most public concern, the 
government is paying the price for 
failing to attempt the radical 
reforms to which ii was originally 
attached, and for showing dear - 
signs of not knowing what to do 
next. It was implicit in its original 
programme that it would some^ 
how reform the social services to 
concentrate funds where the real 
needs are. Instead, fearing radical 
change, ft has trimmed funds 
where expedient, too often harm- 
ing the good more than the 
inessential. It was also supposed to 
bring in a new deal on education, 
the tailings of the comprehensive 
system (for which Labour was 
largely responsible) being one of 
the Tories’ 1979 advantages. 

Instead, it has introduced a 
small but useful assisted places ' 
scheme, and Sir Keith Joseph has • 
valuably inspired a new approach , 
to the curriculum. But it has done 
nothing radical. Instead, lire 
. schools, have been locked m a 
devastating strike. ■ for which t ' . 
political clumsiness, as well as 
union militancy is re sponsib le. * ... 
and the government has wasted its -■ 
energy talking about a voucher 
scheme which its officials have , 
talked it out o£ . Now Mrs. .. 
Thatcher talks of going up that; ... 
pafo again. 

More generally, concent about; 1 
health and essential social services ' 
will not be stilted by bandying : 
figures of higher spending, any • • , . 
more than worry .about old people. . 
dying of hyperthermia wiU be 
sillied by reeling off figures to-, 
show how much more the govern-., 
ment is spending on their heating. 
When Mrs Thatcher did that m? # 
the Commons on Tuesday she 
simply sounded as though she', 
minds more about defending her.*; 
record than thinking of new ways » 
of tackling the problem. ' 

Reciting high spending figures - 
simply sounds hard-feced and; 
uncaring. The publurjndges these 
things not from figures but from.' 
what it knows lrora its local- • 
experience about (say) the prob- 
lems of hospital admissions, or : 
from what ft reads in the papers; . 
Ministers taking their stand on , 
total figures sound uncaring be- 
cause they have been so long in 
office. They sound riot like respon- 
sive politicians but civil servants ' 
obsessed with the letter of the law. 

Mrs Thatcher should face the 
fed that the credit for 
successes is being used up. 
over, the intellectual climate ; 
which sustained her before and 
after 1979 has lost forte, partly, '* 
one suspects, because the gov- 
ernment's failure to attempt ini. 
practice the ideas it applauded m . 
theory suggests that they weren't 
very practical after alL Mean- . 
while, foe government wastes its 
energies on tortuous policies (first ; 
there was local government: now' . 
there is the over-sweeping bfll on - 
Sunday trading} which offend . 
many of its natural supporters. 

Applauded for what it has done, 
disliked for what h is doing and 
foiling to do. criticized for incom- . 
peience over Westland, the gov- • 
eminent is faced by a Labour 
Party trying to shed its leftist 
image and an Alliance which is 1 
likely to get new credibility .from * 
foe May local elections, from its - 
certain by-election capture - of - 
Derbyshire West and. possible • 
victories m Fulham and, con-,, 
ceivably. Ryedale. 

A growing' number of people ■ 
would vote for Owen and the ; 
Alliance if they thought it. would * 
not let Labour in. and they could 
get that- reassurance from these ‘ 
election dues. For the first time: 
since 195L we have a wholly . 
unpredictable general election, 
coming. The government has no 
reason for despair, but every’ 
reason for worrv and action. 


moreover . . . Miles Kington 



Taking refuge in the reference books 

The addition this year of Bir- 
mingham as a centre for a regional 
final of the Collins Dictionaries 
Times Crossword Championship 
has lessened the pressure on 
Bristol and obviated the need to 
eliminate any of the competitors 
there. Londoners, however, must 
continue to fight for survival in 
the championship, and an Elimi- 
nator puzzle. No 16.980. was set 
for them in last Thursday's paper. 

As solvers may have noticed, 
this puzzle was intentionally diffi- 
cult and. unusually, reference 
books were needed for its solution. 
Competitors who have qualified 
for the London A and B finals will 
be informed as soon as the entries 
have been checked. In the mean- 
time here is a layman's guide to 
the answers. (See solution above 
today's crossword.) 

Across: 1. CLAW-HAMMER is 
facetious for a dress coat, so one 
may seize, or claw, the forger 
(fabrication for the blacksmith's ■ 
hammer! who is wearing ii. 6. 
FAZE, sounding like (in a whis- 
per) phase, or stage. 9. A measure, 
cm. for (i.e. instead oft den 
(study), in the word denigration, 
giving EMIGRATION. 10. NISI, 

Latin for “save' or “except’, hidden 
in ‘an agonising fate'. 13. SHEM — 
She (Rider Haggard's Ayesha) 
+ m (abbreviation for married). 
Shem being foe brother of Ham. 
the namesake of Ham Peggotiy in 
David Copperfield. 13. The 
Woman in White refers not to the 
novel by W ilkie Collins but to 
PIERETTE the feminine of the 
French pantomime figure pierrot 
who had a whitened face and hat. a 
performer on the pier (“over- 
seas"). 15. .ALGERNON Mon- 
crieff in The Importance of Being 
Earnest had a flat in Half-Moon 
Street and turned out t o be Jack 
Worthing's brother. 16. STRATI, 
or sheets of cloud, anagram of 
ARTIST. 18. DATA (facts) re- 
flected or reversed in MI (State of 
Michigan or Mississipi) = MA- 
TADL chief port of Zaire. 20. 
DRY-PLATE, a sensitized photo- 
graphic plate from which a picture 
can be made without preliminary 
use of bath. 23. A GHOST- 
WORD ("spirit-message") is a 
word that arises From error, for 
example Tweed which was a 
misreading of iweel. the Scottish 
form of twill. 24. AE. the pen- 
name of George William Russell, 

Irish poet and journalist, round PS 
(“writing under signature”) = 
APSE. 26. NAIL driven by Jael 
through Sisera's temples ( Judges 
4.2 M 27. Sides of HAM = HiS 
M. each with OGEN (anagram of 
meaning Holland or The Nether- 
lands (See Brewer's Dictionary of 
Phrase and Fab/el 28. IRMA 
appears backwards in Amritsar, 
the City of foe Golden Temple. 29. 
Talk or CHAT to ELAINE the 
Lily Maid of Astolat. whose story 
is told in Tennyson's Lancelot and 
Elaine = CHATELAINE a key- 

Down: 1. “From CLEE to heaven 
foe beacon burns" (.-I Shropshire 
Lad). 1 A BISH (mistake) over A 
G(-stringJ = ABISHAG. the Shu- 
nammiie virgin brought in to 
warm David in his old age bv lying 
in his bosom {Judges l, 1-4). 3. 
“E*s a kind of giddy HAR- 
UMFRODITE.” Kipling's des- 
cription in Soldier an ’ Sailor too of 
a Jolly, or Royal Marine. 4. . 
METAPHOR — Pa (father) re- 
versed in anagram of mother. 3. 
EPOPEE an epic: the poet POPE 
in the middle of GrEEce. 7. The 
heroine of the light opera Naughty 

Ma rietta going topless becomes 
ARIETTA a little aria or air. 8. 
E(astern) PI-MEN (divines) IDES 
(March 15) = EPIMENIDES. 
Cretan religious teacher (and an 
early Rip Van Winkle) — see 
Brewer. It. “I can trace my 
ancestry back to a PROTO- 
PLASMAL atomic globule . . . I 
was bom sneering” - Pooh Bah, 
The Mikado. 14. SALMAGUN- 
DI, or The Whim-Whams and 
Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff 
Esq A Others : satirical essays and 
poems by Washington Irving and 
others. 17. GRADIENT, anagram . 
(indicated by The Vortex) of 
TRAGEDIAN minus A. 19. Most 
of THe O (love) IS inside MM 
(messieurs) = foe doctrine of 
THOMISVL 21. EG. example, in 
ASSAI. the Italian “very” in 
music = ASSEGAI. 22. L (left) in- 
MOOCH (skulk) = MOLOCH, 
“horrid king, besmear’d with 
blood", (Milton. Paradise Lost). 
25. An/seri/ne, or like a goose, 
leaves ANNE when disheartened. 

(.■! nd my apologies to any of you 
who were). 

John Grant 

Crossword Editor 

I hen a great fan of radio, which I 
consider to be an advanced form 
of television. (The pictures on TV 
are very drab and mundane 
compared to the mental pictures 
produced by radio.) But I had 
forgotten until last week that 
Radio 4 is also responsible for the 
invention of a kind of English 
which is not found anywhere else 
in the media: foe radio link. This 
consists of caking two topics which 
have absolutely nothing in com- 
mon and then finding a link 
between them, and foe more 
tortuous the better. 

The example I beard last week 
came from a presenter who was 
linking a murder thriller to a 
programme about cheese-mating. 
Before I tell you how she did it, 
perhaps you would care to think 
how you would find a connection 
between murder and cheese.' Give 
up? WelL she said: “And from 
something blood-curdling to 
something rather more milk- 
curdling . . 

Once you get foe way their 
minds work, it becomes a little 
easier. She might equally well 
have said: “And so from the 
gruesome to the Gniyerc ..." Or 
perhaps:. “After the rising gorge, 
we move .to the Cheddar 
Gorge ..." If on foe other hand, 
she had been looking for a move 
from palaeontology to cheese- 
making, it would be: “From the 
world of the Neanderthal to the 
wo rid of the EmmenthaL” It’s like 
a game really. 

That’s probably how they do it 
at Radio 4. as a kind of game. 
They're sitting round in the Radio 
Link department, hugging their 
mugs of tea. and somebody says: 
“All right, how do you get from . 
opera to natural history? Thirty 
seconds, everyone.” After 30 sec- 
onds, somebody says: “And so 
from the world of Madam Butter- 
fly; we move to .foe world of real 

“Mram. not bad," says some- 
one else, “but bow about. From 
the world of the Merry Widow to 
foe world of the black widow." 

"Or, how about: -Die.- 
Fledermaus of course means abat, 
and that's exactly what well be 
looking at-.” . 

“No, no. Thais' a link into - a *■ 
cricket commentary.” 

What’s amazing is that this sort 
of contorted thinking .has . not - 

spread into anything else. It seems* 
a natural way of doing the Radio 4' 
news headlines: “New controls 
were announced today by Presi- 
dent Mubarak to bring tourism 
back to Egypt. And talking of 
pyramid selling, that’s just one of 
. the many financial- devices that 
Mrs Thatcher promised this after- 
noon to examine more closely, as 
she spoke in the Mother of. 
Parliaments. But it was the mother 
of Russian dissident Yuril' 
Orlovsky who made the headlines 
in Moscow today with a brave 
declaration of liberty. A brave 
declaration of another kind- was 
made by David Gower in Jamaica^ 
where England are only . 356 
behind the West Indies and their 
steaming attack, though steaming 
is hardly the word to apply to foe. 
weather which will continue cold 
. and frosty. Now the news in * 
detail ..." 

You couldn't run whole pro- 
grammes like that though could 
you? WelL I'm not so . sure. 
Richard Baker does it on Stan the* 
n eek by turning the speciality of 
one guest into a question for all his' 
guests, and Libby Purves is start- 
ing to do it on Midweek. The other ■ 
day she had an American guest* 
who had written a flip work on 
philosophy, and she found herself ~ 
asking another guest about his 
concept of the world. As he was a 
Scottish bagpiper who had beerf 
invited to speak about piping, he 
wasunderstandabiy flummoxed.-] - 
don t think Libby Purves realized ■ 
what she was doing; she had just , 
fidlen under the spS of foe Radio • 

4 link school of linguistics. - 

Tms sort of things thank - good-f 
ness, has not yet spread to Radio 
s. where they continue to con-' 
cennate smgte-mmdedly on orm • 
recitals and liedcr. Talking ^f. 
leaders, that's exactly what you; 
wfofind on foe page opposite this- - 
piece, and if « s organ recitals you 
prefer, you only have to turn to 

3 Re P° ns of a 
different kind are regularly ringing 
out in Beirut, though i fit’s 
Bayreuth and nor Beirut you're 
interested in, there’s almost cer-t 
tainly an opera piece on foe arts, 
page, and taDang of pages, the- 

Court Circular will teU you all you 

El^tjbr those more 
,n .*e North- Circular; 
our traffic report 

Not a game. More a 



IPepgjgggnSfaggt, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 

v Mr Derek Hanon and Mr Ted 
Knigirt imported into local 
government ideologies alien to 
the .proper management of 

common services.. In a regime 
of giants and revenues requir- 
ing special prudence they 
played fast and loose. They 
were warned, hv nnm 

officials, by the district audi- 
• ' tor, even by the leaders of their 
own party. They persisted, and 
_'<> caused, a loss of the public 
v- money they were in office to 
steward and conserve. Such 
abuse of trust deserves pen- 

The manners and methods 
/ of Militant and the feet of 
\ «the parallel convicu'on of sev- 

- feral of the surcharged Liver- 
pool councillors by the Labour 

. ■ Party will make yesterday’s 
municipal punishment seem 
appropriate. . But the rightness 
of the judgement and the 
procedure- used against the 
Lambeth and Liverpool coun- 
cillors must not be allowed to 
turn on the conceit of a Derek 

- _ The judges carefully exam- 
; ■ ined the manner, of decision- 

' making in the . two council 
" chambers last year. They dem- 
; onstrated, pretty clearly, that 
decisions to deday making a 
^rate were taken for the crudest 
of political reasons — to 
frighten or cajole the govern- 
ment into coming up with 
extra money./ No one who 
listened to- winter debates 
" within the Labour Party in 
1 984-S5 can doubt that was the 
reasoning employed by the 
•„ Lambeth and Liverpool ac- 
tivists. 1 It also has to be said 
that the lever in much of their 
discussion was the derision by 
the former Secretary of State 

for the Environment, MrPat- 
nck Jenjtin, to make a con-: 
cessionary payment io 
Uverpool City Council in 

Despite Mr Jenkin’s 
protestations there was a belief 
hewonld- repeat his act in 
1985. The councillors made a 
political miscalculation. But 
because they did . so significant 

sums of public money were 
lost. Hie judges have, not for 
.the first time, . clarified the 
boundary between party poli- 
tics and the operation of public 
agencies. The: law, for local 
government, makes it plain 
that political -gamesmanship is 
not a. valid reason for 
manipulating the budget mak- 
ing process. 

The despatch of Mr Hatton 
and Mr Knight does not end 
die case. The terms of the 
judgement, despite some 
.equivocation on dates by Lord 
Justice GlideweH, dearly open 
the possibility of suits against 
half a dozen other councils 
including Camden and Shef- 
field. It is no good for the 
Audit Commission to insinu- 
ate that this should be a matter 
for private prosecution. The 
Commission may be reluctant 
to involve itself further in 
politics, but it cannot extricate 
itself at this point Having 
instigated the punishment of 
the Liverpool and Lambeth 
councillors, it really must pro- 
ceed with actions against the 
others. Equality of treatment 
demands that 

And at that point the wider 
implications of this judgement 
must be considered — not least 
in the Department of the 
Environment and other quar- . 



Danger of delay Anomalies on Sunday trading 

ters of a government not 
usually counted friendly to the 
municipal cause. To hold 
councillors responsible for an 
abuse of trust and remove 
them from office is one thing 
but it is quite another to 
bankrupt a group which, 
standing behind Mr Hanon 
and Mr Knight in mistaken 
but sincere support, includes a 
number of common people of 
small or negligible means. 

Pursuing them for the sur- 
charge is a heavy fete; even 
harder is to impose on them 
the cost of an action which, at 
the very least, has served a 
useful general purpose by 
clarifying the operation of the 
1982 Rates Act and other law. 
It is pertinent to remark how 
few other public officials, 
elected and unelected, stand to 
be have their financial de- 
cisions held up to minute 
scrutiny by the likes of the 
district auditor. There are 
many public . officials who, 
without penalty, have lost the 
public purse considerably 
larger sums than the £230,000 
involved here. 

To make councillors so spe- 
cially responsible raises the 
question of incentives to local 
office holding. If local govern- 
ment — meaning the honest 
use of discretion by elected 
members — matters then the 
calibre and number of can- 
didates for office matters too. 
The judges, in their wise 
determination of this case, 
may have hastened the decline 
of local government by raising 
yet another barrier to dis- 
cretionary local administra- 
tion. .They have certainly 
raised its price. 



The declaration of the State of 
Emergency in South Africa 
‘ eight months ago was a dou- 
> ble-barrelled political gesture. 
It was designed to. allay right- 
wing fears that Pretoria was 
losing its grip and to shock the . 
unruly township mobs into 
obedience to the state. JTn . the 
event. Pretoria succeed#} jonly 
in shooting itself in the rooL 

Far from puffing out the fire 
of black rage, the presence of 
the police and -the army in 
South Africa’s townships fu- 
elled it to the point where, 
despite all President Botha’s 
assurances to the contrary, die 
death toll today is as high as it 
has ever been. 

*• But the damage was not 
restricted to the black ghettoes. 
There is little doubt that the 
State of Emergency, a tacit 
admission by Pretoria that 
South Africa was in deep 
trouble, hastened its inter- 
national isolation, brought for- 
eign camera crews and 
journalists flocking to its 
shores in the mistaken belief 
that the revolution was at hand 
and persuaded foreign bankers 
and investors that their funds 
were under threat. 

It also added the withdrawal 

of the army from, the town- 
ships to a lengthening list of 
non-negotiable demands by . 
black activists. The irony was 
that, apart from the perceived 
need fora political gesture, the 
1 Slate of Emergency was not 
really necessary. The South . 
African: security forces already 
possessedextraordinarypow- - 
ers of arrest and;detention r tb. * 
deal with civil unrest Indeed, 
it would seem that even as the . 
-Emergency -is lifted, those 
powers may be extended to 
grant the police permanent 
immunity against prosecution 
arising mom their actions in 
situations of unrest. 

But just as the imposition of 
the State of Emergency was a 
political gesture^its lifting at a 
time when the violence contin- 
ues unabated, has a similar 
political intention. It will cer- 
tainly produce a collective sigh 
of relief in Western capitals, 
but its main purpose must be 
to persuade at least some black 
leaders to leave the streets and 
return to the negotiating 

There is little doubt that 
Pretoria has. been deeply 
shocked by the general rejec- 
tion of its offer of a Statutory 
Council to negotiate power- 

sharing with the country's 
black majority. It is to be 
hoped that President Botha's 
announcement, despite the 
hint of further police powers, 
will help at least some black 
leaders across that stile. - 

One of the most distressing, 
if largely unreported, elements 
in the complex South African - 
equation has been the horrify- 
ing increase in violence by 
blacks upon blacks in recent 
months. Tribal faction fighting 
has exacted a growing toll,, 
while a spate of political 
executions carried out by war- 
ring black opposition groups 
has splintered their ranks even 

Since President Botha feels 
secure enough to life the State 
of Emergency, the black oppo- 
sition should realise that un- 
rest is not about to topple the 
South African regime. It 
should start thinking instead 
about the kind of future it 
wants to inherit 

The time must come when 
the killing has to stop - and the 
talking start The lifting of the 
State ofBmeigency could pro- 
vide the opportunity, however 
slight for leaders to succeed 
where the mobs have failed. 


The Fatah Revolutionary 
Organization, better known by 
the name of its founder Abu 
Nidal, is held to have been 
responsible for the loss of 90 
lives last year. The Christmas 
attacks at Rome and Vienna 
airports were just the most 
graphic illustration of its meth- 

The brutality of Abu Nidai’s 
campaign does little for the 
future of Palestinians and siul 
less for the reputations of those 
countries which tolerate its 
activities. Those countries in- 
clude Syria, whose foreign 
minister ’has been in Britain 
this week as an official guest o* 
the Government. 

' Mr Farouk ai-Sfaaraa, at a 
press conference yesterday, ar- 
gued that the organization's 
office in Damascus was con- 
cerned with politics and the 
press, that “not even a knife 
was allowed into the building 
by the Syrian authorities. His 
country opposed violence, 
regretted that so many inno- 
cent civilians had been hurt. 
But its policy was to give 
sanctuary to all those who 
stood for the Palestinian cause, 
even those with whom it 
disagreed. Even Yassu- Arafat 
was avowed therei he ex- 
plained.' ' 

Nimrod decision 

From Commander Peter Bruce. 

ir. Your I«der {Febn>a^. 
about the £W)0m Nimrod debaa. 
shows, with 

was another triumph ofambmous 

home sales talk over wngon 
sense. So the Defence Secre^' 
seemingly, is going to lighten up 

This is not good enough. 
There is an argument, it is true, 
that it makes sense to allow 
one’s enemies to expose them- 
selves - that even the tip of the 
iceberg gives some indication 
of what might fie below. I it 
the blind eye which Syria turns 
towards it makes a nonsense of 
this claim. The one 
.characteristic which Abu 
Nidai’s unfortunate targets 
share is that they support, or 
their governments support, a 
policy of compromise in the 
Middle East If Syria wants to 
become a leading influence 
upon the course of c vcl ls there 
must come a time when it 
publicly and f disassoci- 
ates itself from i* : neology of 
terror and t*?r- those who 
preach u. ' 

But whi' ■ : . • rri is pre- 
pared to do £ remains very 
questionable. ! he murder of 
Mr Fr«? aW asri, the mod- 
erate Pale* ti Man leader who 
was gunnec d"wn outside 
NataXf f-jwt . r£ ; an the West 
Bank ji iuc v.t-ukwad, was the 
second and .,-erhaps fetal blow 
to the i—K ^ process which had 
recently owed so much to the 
efforts of King Husain: The 
first had been the breakdown 
in dialogue between Amman 
and Yassir A rafat over the 

procurement procedures. Tins is 

twaddle. , , 

in 1 976 • it vvas crystal dear to 
some that Nimrod was likely to be 

another lameatierapt io match the 

USA in lechnoiogyia one bound. 
Either we should go back lo the 
time the decision was made and 
parade those politicians and Ser- 
vices officers who got it right ‘or 
wrong. Alternatively, have Sendee 

latter's continuing refusal to 
accept UN Security Council 
Resolutions 242 and 338 (with 
their implied 

acknowledgement of IsraeFs 
right io exist). The next option 

for the disenchanted Husain 
was to turn for Palestinian 
support to the moderate West 
Bank leaders - of whom al- 
Ma>.ri was among the more 
notable. His assassination 
(possibly by Abu Nidal) would 
seem to have blocked that 
alternative. So where does 
Husain turn next? 

The most obvious road is 
that to Damascus (in fact it is 
President Assad's turn to go to 
Amman). Syria has a role to 
play in the Middle East which 
is important - and could be 

However opposed the Syr- 
ian government may now be to 
the politics of compromise, 
however strongly it supports 
policies which Israel is un- 
likely. to accept. President 
Assad wifi have to face up to 
the fact that sooner or later he 
will have to bend. He could 
start now by demonstrating 
that Syria is prepared to take a 
firmer stand against those like 
Abu Nidal whose activities set 
them apart from all men of 
good will. 

offers ■stay in the joo much 
lender, so ai. least someone will 
.believe he will still he around 
when the project is due to come io 

Yours etc. 


Kestrel Cottage, 

Shirley Holms. 

Lymingtoo, Hampshire. 

on whisky bid 

From Lord Polwarth 
Sir, I have not intervened to take 
sides in the contest for the hand of 
the Distillers Company, but it is 
important that wider consid- 
erations be taken into account 
titan simply the possibility of 
domestic monopoly which led to 
the reference of the original 
Guinness proposals to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 

The recent House of Lords 
Select Committee on Overseas 
Trade, of which I was a member, 
emphasised the vital need for 
export-led growth of our in- 
dustries if the country is to survive 
the inevitable run-down of North 
Sea oil without a grave reduction 
in our standard of living. Few 
industries have such a record of, 
and potential for, contributing to 
our export growth as the Scotch 
.whisky industry. 

Guinness have now withdrawn 
their original offer and submitted 
a fresh one which would result in a 
less dominating position in the 
UK market, while still creating a 
strong and competitive world- 
wide marketing group. 

In considering whether to refer 
this new offer to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission, I 
would therefore urge the Govern- 
ment to bear in mind the delay, 
probably of several months, which 
would result from such a ref- 
erence, and the immediate advan- 
tage which this would give to the 
other bidder. 

Whichever suitor would make a 
more satisfactory match, at least 
let them both contest it from an 
equal start, without one of them 
having their hand tied behind 
their back from the word “go". 
Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

March 3. 

‘The Holocaust’ 

From Dr. 4. Polonsky 
Sir, I was moved by the savage 
indignation which pervaded Piers 
Brendon's review (February 27) of 
Martin Gilbert’s The Holocaust. 
But in one area his anger at the 
Nazi crimes committed against 
the Jews leads him astray. To 
claim that ‘The Poles tried to 
complete Hitler’s work after the 
war" is a travesty of the truth. 

It is true that a fair number of 
Jews died in the near civil war 
which racked Poland between 
1944 and 1948. Some of these 
deaths were the result of clearly 
anti-Semitic incidents, the worst 
of which was the pogrom in Kielce 
in July, 1946, in which ai least 36 
Jews died. Yet to hold "the Poles" 
responsible for these tragic events 
is quite unfair. 

The anti-Jewish violence was 
condemned by the communist- 
dominated Polish Government, 
the official and still legal oppo- 
sition headed by Stanislav 
Mikolajizyk, all the still function- 
ing anti-communist underground 
forces with the exception of a 
small openly pro-fascist group, 
and the Polish Government m 

Moreover, a number of serious 
analysis have argued that the 
Kielce pogrom was the result of a 
provocation on the part of some 
communist officials which aimed 
at embarrassing the opposition by 
tainting it with anti-Semitism. 

No one would wish to deny the 
existence in Poland of anti-Se- 
mitic feelings. But the simple 
equation of the Poles with the 
Nazis is grossly unfair and inhibits 
a dear-sighted and dispassionate 
analysis of the tragic fate of both 
Jews and Poles which is so vital if 
we are to move away from the 
harmful stereotypes of the past. 
Yours sincerely, 


; tisrii ie for Polish Jewish Studies, 
45 Si Giles. 


February 27. 

Paying for gas 

From MrJ. C. Jones 
Sir, I have received an estimate for 
installing a gas supply which 
specifies "cadi with order". The 
estimating engineer quoted a delay 
of at least seven weeks before the 
work would be started. 

How can the gas board justify 
ths imposition of an interest-free 
loan of some hundreds of pounds? 
Yours faithfully, 


Ashgrove Farm. 

Ashgrove Road, 



February 24. 

Silence out of court 

From Mr Patrick Heaiy 
Sir. Bernard Levin (February 2R) 
and lhe Lord Chancellor argue 
that judges should be forbidden 
from making extra judicial ut- 
terances in public. Lord Hailsham 
claims additional vigour for this 
view from the so-called Kuimuir 
rules, which to him represent the 
consensus of the judiciary in 
favour of a self-imposed vow of 
silence. Both fear that judicial 
loquacity is inimical to the in- 
dependence of the judiciary and 
that it would compromise 
impartiality in the administration 
of justice. 

The i" fears would he wcil 
foimdi-J: if judges aliened tiem- 
urhriuled licence u. gi»e 
panivan jnd polemical opinions 
on matters of public controversy. 
Bui mailers of contra ers* do not 
exhaust the range ol puohc in- 
terest and 1 would surest that 
judicial comroemson nar.-con ten- 
uous mailers of public interest 
would be welcome. 

It would be difficult to prescribe 

From Lord Boyd-Carpenier 
Sir, The Cardinal Archbishop of 
Westminster, in his letter which 
you publish today (March 1) 
pleads for the kind of Sunday 
which had disappeared in this 
country, and in other advanced 
countries, long before the Shops 
Bill was introduced. It could not 
be recreated if thai Bill were 

In this country at present four 
million people work regularly on 
Sundays. They work in continu- 
ous-process industries, such as 
cement, in hotels and catering, in 
irans port, in the media, io electric- 
ity. in gas, and public services 
generally - , and also in residential 
establishments. Did Cardinal 
Hume dispense with domestic and 
catering services on Sunday at 

If his Eminence really wants to 
create the kind of Sunday which 
sounds so attractive in his letter, 
he will need to agitate for the 
prohibition, presumably backed 
by the criminal penalties which at 
present apply to shops, of all these 
activities. He would then be quite 
logical in his opposition to the 
freeing of shops. 

So far as his suggestion of a 
compromise on shops is con- 
cerned, the Auld committee 
found, after full inquiry, that there 
was no compromise which would 
not create further anomalies and 

I am. Sir. vour obedient servant, 

House of Lords. 

March I. 

From Sir Darid Price. MP for 
Eastleigh (Conservative) 

Sir, In his St David’s Day letter to 
you about Sunday trading. Cardi- 
nal Hume reaffirmed his support 
for the "Keep Sunday Special 
Campaign". At the same time, he 
pleaded with the Government "to 
establish a compromise that se- 
cures the common good". 

In my judgement, such a com- 
promise lies readily at hand, 
waiting to be used. It is to be found 
in paragraphs 219-221 of the Auld 
committee report, entitled "local 
decisions". The thrust of this 
compromise lies in the following 
quotation from paragraph 219: 

_ shopping seems io us io be one 
area where a reasonable case might 
be made for local discretion. Shop- 
ping is primarily a local activity, 
employing local people and it would 
be local residents who would be 
disturbed by any untoward noise or 
traffic congestion. 

The local authorities have long 
experience as the enforcement 
agencies for trading hours, so there 
would be nothing new in placing 
the responsibility upon them. 
There are numerous variations of 
the local option compromise. 

The local option amendment 
moved in the House of Lords was 
too complicated to survive. I 
would like to propose a much 
simpler version. Each local 
authority would be required to 
determine only two issues. First, 
will the local authority permit 
Sunday opening in its borough or 
district? Secondly, if the answer is 
in the affirmative, what are to be 
the permitted hours? These two 
issues could be settled either by 

English misused 

From Mr. M. S. E. Robin 
Sir, The comments (February 25) 
by several professors of engineer- 
ing on the declining standard of 
English mastered by engineers are 
certainly well founded. What they 
did not mention, however, is the 
appalling inability of British pro- 
fessional engineers to speak Euro- 
pean languages. 

Departments of engineering in 
the United Kingdom fail to 
encourage students to study other 
languages and certainly fail almost 
totally in the provision oflanguage 
courses. When these are available 
they are often poorly taught and 

There are. of course, exceptions, 
but when one considers the 
emphasis on these skills amongst 
our European counterparts we 
should be very worried. 

L’Ecole Polytechnique Federate 
de Lausanne states that for chemi- 
cal engineers, to know English and 
German is "indispensable dans la 
vie professionelle". German and 
Swiss universities allow their stu- 
dents to study for a year in another 
country as a recognised part of 
their course. British universities 
do not accept this. 

If Britain wishes to regain her 
former engineering prowess, she 
must realise that insularity is a 

Yours faithfully, 

M. S. E. ROBIN. 

Imperial College. SW7. 

February 27. 

a definition of non-contentious 
mauers, and not least because the 
substance of future litigation can- 
not easily be foreseen. Such a 
definition, however, is probably 

Judges accept as a condition of 
office that they cannot speak 
about matters sub judice and they 
are selected partly on the basis that 
their qualities include the good 
sense and self-discipline to ob-. 
serve principles of this kind. At 
the same time many judges pub- 
lish extra-judicial writings of an 
analytical or scholarly nature and 
though these convey the opinions 
of their authors it has not yet beer, 
argued that activities of this kind 
arc incompaiibie with the duties 
ol j judge. 

Can u.e not trust lire judiciary to 
exercise iheir judgement to refrain 
from expressing opinion that 
would compromise meir ability io 
adjudicate impartially? Judges, 
eluding perhaps the Lord Chan- 
cellor tend to be tight-lipped 
people: no doubt they would be 
loaih to speak publicly on matters 
of general concern that are un- 

the elected councillors or by a 
local referendum. 

This compromise avoids all the 
manifest difficulties of exemption 
by type of shop, size of shop, 
periods of the year, and all the 
other exemptions which were 
examined and dismissed by the 
Auld committee. 

Ii is true that the Auld commit- 
tee having examined variations of 
the local option compromise de- 
cided against them, because in 
their view local option "would 
aggravate the variations that the 
present inconsistent enforcement 
of the law has produced”. In fact 
my compromise would eliminate 
most of the anomalies of the 
present Shops Act, because if 
shops were permitted to open, 
they could sell anything they 
wanted, so that the only problem 
of enforcement would be one of 

Of course, my compromise 
might lead to variations from one 
district to the nexL No doubt this 
would offend the coniralists 
amongst us, but were differences 
in the past i n early closing hours so 
devastating? In any case, what is 
so offensive in differing ex- 
pressions of local democracy? 

Space forbids me to spell out my 
local option compromise in more 
detail, including possible nation- 
ally determined exemptions such 
as the sale of newspapers, but I 
offer it io the Government in ihe 
spirit of St Mark's Gospel that, 
"the sabbath was made For man, 
and not man for the sabbath". 
Yours faithfully. 


House of Commons. 

March 3. 

From Mr Robert Hicks, MP for 
Cornwall South-East ( Conser- 
vative ) 

Sir. The Cardinal Archbishop of 
Westminster argues persuasively 
for keeping a balance on the 
sensitive issue of Sunday trading. 
Few would question his analysis of 
the existing situation. 

The Cardinal understandably 
advocates a compromise solution 
on the basis of a legal framework. 
The key question surely is whether 
or not such a compromise is 
available on a sound and sustain- . 
able statutory basis. 

Partial restriction must imply 
the arbitrary drawing of limits. 
This could be based on the hours 
that shops may open, restricting 
the numbers they employ, or 
limiting the range of products they 
are allowed to sell. Local authority 
discretion has also been suggested 
as a possibility. 

Legislation on the basis of any 
of these or a combination would 
most certainly in practice again 
result in the growth of anomalies 
and inconsistencies that currently 

I for one would be delighted and 
indeed relieved if a satisfactory 
formula could be found that 
combines choice and an absence 
of absurdities. Perhaps ihe Cardi- 
nal could oblige - since at the 
moment I can see no alternative to 
the Government’s proposals. 
Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

March 4. 

Keeping out the cold 

From Mrs Atsuko Sakiyama 
Sir, In Japan, in the old days, a 
hole for a furnace was dug in the 
centre of the living room and a 
table was placed over iL We used 
to use solid charcoal balls for fuel 
and cover the fable with a quill 
and place a wooden board on it. 

Nowadays the charcoal balls are 
replaced by an electric heater 
(kotatsu) which is attached to the 
underside of the table board. We 
can put a kotatsu anywhere in our 
houses or flats without digging 
holes in the floor. You only need 
to lay a rug on the floor, place a 
/coiar™ above it, cover it in the 
usual way and switch on. In this 
way you can save fuel charges 

A kotatsu is never a shabby 
piece of furniture. When you 
provide a beautiful quilt with a 
wooden board, it looks gorgeous 
and once you are accustomed to 
its comfortable warmth you won’t 
be able to leave iL 

It is an ideal way of keeping you 
warm because your legs and feel 
feel warm while your head is kepi 
in cold temperature. You can 
enjoy writings reading, eating, 
playing cards and many other 
things on the table. It assures you 
will be very warm physically as 
well as financially, and will save 
many people from hypothermia. 
Yours sincerely, 


61 Hodford Road. NW1 1. 

February 28. 

related to the administration of 
justice. Freedom of speech is quite 
compatible with a judge's oatit of 
office if exercised with circum- 
spect discretion. In view of the 
myriad weighty matters that are 
entrusted to the judiciary i 3m 
confident that the judges would 
exercise this discretion wisely. 

There is no basis for saying that 
extra-judicial silence is a superior 
virtue and there is no de- 
monstrable need for positive rules 
on the subjecL Indeed, the 
Kilmuir rules are otiose. 

The position espoused by Mr 
Levin and Lord Hailsham implies, 
of course, that judge? would 
transgress their strictures if they 
were to participate in the public 
discussion of the right of judges to 
participate in public discussions. 
It is a Mliy idea. 

Yours sincerely. 


University of Oxford. 

Centre tor Socio-Legal Studies. 
Woitson College. 


February 28. 

Rasputin was murdered on 
December 29/30, 1916 and Wff 
killer. Prince Yousswpof[(1887- 
1967) was exiled by the Czar to 
Kursk. In August, 1934 MGM, 
which had made a film on 
Rasputin, and Yous&oupoff's wife. 
Princess Irina, who died in 1970, 
agreed to cease all litigation, on 
condition that the film contained 
a statement that the part of 
Natasha was fictional. The fum 
uas first shown in London in 
June, 1933 with Lionet Barrymore 
as Rasputin. 

Law Report. March 5 


AWARDED £25,000 
and a Special Jury 

The jury returned a verdict for 
Princess Irina Alexandrovna of 
Russia, the wife of Prince 
Youssoupoff, of Rue Gutteoberg. 
Boulogne-sur- Seine, Paris, assess- 
ing the damages at £25.000. in the 
action in which she claimed 
against Metro-Goldwyn- Mayer 
Pictures, Limited, cinematograph 
film producers and distributors, of 
Upper St Martin’s Lane. W.C., 
damages for a libel which she said 
was contained in a sound film 
entitled Rasputin, the Mad Monk. 

The Princess said that the 
defendants published in the film 
pictures and words which were 
understood to mean that she (the 
Princess), therein called the “Prin- 
cess Natasha.” had been seduced 
by and was the mistress of Raspu- 

The defendants denied that the 
film was defamatory and further 
said that it did not refer to the 

Sir Patrick Hastings, K.C., and 
Mr. St. John Field appeared for the 
Princess; Sir William Jowett, K.C., 
Mr. H. J. Wallington, K.C.. Mr. V. 
R. Idelson and Mr. Sylvester Gates 
for the defendants. 


dosing speech to the jury for the 
defence, said that Princess 
Natasha in the film was a woman 
of a noble character who suffered, if 
it were possible, from an excess of 
simplicity and purity, so that she 
did not see the grime and horror of 
Rasputin's personality. To say that 
to liken anyone to Natasha was to 
impute anything against her chas- 
tity was ridiculous^. 

The Princess had to establish 
that ordinary, sensible people, who 
knew her, would think that 
Natasha in the film referred to her. 
She sought to do that by showing 
that Prince Chegodieff in the film, 
who was betrothed to Natasha, was 
a portrayal of Prince Youssoupoff, 
her husband. That she had failed to 



addressing the jury, said that, if 
Natasha was a portrayal of Prin- 
cess Youssoupoff, the film depicted 
her as a woman who had been 
defiled by a blackguard... 

No one had even suggested that 
the death of Rasputin was caused 
by anybody other than Prince 
Youssoupoff, who lived in the 
Moika Palace in St Petersburg, 
and it was known that the death 
took place in an underground 
room. In the film Prince 
Chegodieff killed Rasputin La an 
underground room in the Moika 

Chegodieff was Prince 
Youssoupoff thinly disguised. The 
Princess had been grievously 
wronged by the film and was 
entitled to heavy damages, 


summing-up, said that the case had 
been described as a novel and 
unprecedented one, but in his 
opinion, there was nothing in it to 
which the established principles 
applicable to other libel cases 
might not be applied.. 

The only question for the jury 
was whether the evidence had 
satisfied them that the film charac- 
ter of Natasha would be reasonably 
understood to represent Princess 
Youssoupoff by persons who knew 

All the witnesses called for the 
Princess spoke with no uncertain 
voice of their impression of the 
film. It was for the jury to judge 
whether those witnesses did not 
represent a number of reasonable 
persons exercising a reasonable 
judgment. Unless the evidence 
called for the defence convinced 
the jury that the witnesses called 
for the Princess were not reason- 
able or responsible persons, the 
fact that the witnesses called for 
the defence thought that the 
characters of Chegodieff and 
Natasha represented persons other 
than the Prince and Pnncess did 

not destroy the evidence given by 
the Princess's witnesses... 

After an absence of just over two 
hours the jury returned and an- 
nounced that they found a verdict 
fur Princess Youssoupoff and that 
thev assessed the damages at 

Judgment was entered accord- 
ingly for the Princess for £25.000, 
with costs... 

Meaningful terms 

Front Miss (i. M. Pcnuiow 
Sir. 1 thought l needed a desk top 
calendar but discovered that I 
reeded a dale case. 

Yours faiih fully. 

King's College School of Medicine 
and Dcntisti* of King's College 

Denmark Hill. SE5. 

February 27. 

kiiL. i nvi^o muivaLirt^ iviAmn o i?oo • 






March 5: The Prince .Andrew 
(his evening opened the Im- 
pressions of Israel Exhibition at 
Sellridecs. London. Wl. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by Sir Geoffrey 
Shakerley. Bt. and ihe Chairman 
of Sears" p!c and of Sel fridges 
Limited (Mr Maitland Smith}. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this afternoon opened 
the North Cotswolds Centre for 
the Physically Handicapped at 

Her Rojal Highness was re- 
ceived on amxal by Her 
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for 
Gloucestershire (Colonel Mar- 
tin Gibbs) and the Chairman of 
the Centre c Dr A. Rowlands). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, later opened and 
toured the new school at 
Block ley. near Moreton-in- 
Marsh. escorted by the Head- 
master (Mr D. Walsh). 

Mrs Andrew FeiEden was in 

March 5: The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales arrived at Paragon 
Station. Kingston upon Hull, in 
the Ro?al Train this morning. 

His Royal Highness visited 
ihe Lonsdale Community Cen- 
tre and the School of Architec- 
ture. Humberside College of 
Higher Education. Hull. 

The Prince of Wales, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this afternoon received 
the Honorary Brotherhood of 
Trinity House. Trinity House 
Lane. Hull. 

Their Royal Highnesses after- 
wards visited The Sobriety 
Albert Dock. Hull. 

The Prince of Wales. Patron 
Operation Raleigh, accompa- 
nied by The Princess of Wales, 
later v'isited the Operation Ra 
Icigh Support Centre. Queens 
Garden. Hull. 

The Princess of Wales. Presi- 
dent. Dr Bamardo’s. this morn- 
ing visited the New Families 
Project at Alexandra House. 
Waterhouse Lane and the Hull 
Family Centre. Holdcmess 
Road. Hull. 

Their Royal Highnesses, at 
tended by Viscountess 
Campden and Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Brian Anderson, returned to 
London in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Right 

The Prince of Wales. Duke of 
Cornwall, this evening dined 
with members of the Agri 
cultural Forum at the Hyde Park 
Hold. London. SW I . 

March 5: The Duke of Glouces- 
ter. Honorary Colonel. Royal 
Monmouthshire Royal En 
gtneers (Militia), today visited 
the Regiment in Monmouth. 

His Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

A celebration of the life and wit 
of Dorothy Parker, in aid of 
Action Research for the Crip- 
pled Child will be held at 
Stnngfellow's on March 12. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Thomas Bennett Langton 
will be held at St Mary 's Church, 
Henley-on-Thames. Oxford 
shire, at 3.30pm. on Friday. 
April 4. 198b. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr A. Elphinston 
and Miss R.M. Dunnett 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, eldest son 
of Sir John Elphinston ofGlack. 
Bl and Lady Elphinston. of 
Northwich. Cheshire, and Ruth 
Mary, elder daughter of the Rev 
R.C." and Mrs Dunnett. of 
Edgbaston. Warwickshire. 
MrJ.A. Bell 
and Miss C.M. Gibb 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, elder son of 
the late Mr Gordon Bell and of 
Mrs Kaia Bell, of Wadhurst. 
East Sussex, and Celia, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Brian Gibb. ofSt 
Martin. Jersey. 

Mr R~A. Denney 
and Miss J. Gentile 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert, son of the late 
Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Denney and of Mrs Denney, of 
Wiihvham. Sussex, and Jane, 
second daughter of Mrs Jo Anne 
Scholar, of Washington DC. 

Mr C J. Elliott 
and Miss J-A. Goodliffe 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher James, 
only son of Mr and Mrs Harry 
Elli'oti. of Great Yarmouth. 
Norfolk, and Jennifer Anne, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Derek Goodliffe. of 
Bielchinglcy . Surrey. 

Mr P.D.C. Fitzwilliam 
and Miss V.E. Demuth 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, son of Mr and 
Mrs C. Fttzwiliiam. of Esher. 
Surrey, and Vivienne, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs W’alter Demuth. 
of Wimbledon. London. SWT 9. 
Mr J.M. Green 
and Miss D.C.R. Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeffrey, younger son of 
Professor F.N. Green and of. 
Mrs J. Green, of St Johnsbury. 
Vermont. Lfaited States, and' 
Dcirdre. younger daughter of Dr 
and Mrs R.D. Taylor, of. 
Hursley. W'inchester. 

Mr S. Jain 

and Miss P.R- Meynell 
The engagement is announced 
between S ha rad. son of Profes- 
sor S.P. Jain and Mrs Jain, of 
Anandlok. New Delhi, and Pa- 
tricia. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Richard Meyneil. of Beiry Hall. 
Honingham. Norfolk. 

Mr RJ5.R. James 
and Miss C. Edwards 
The engagement is announced 
between Ross, son of the late Mr 
Stephen James and of Mrs 
Joanna James, of Little 
Bamflcld. South Godstone. Sur- 
rey. and Caroline, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John Edwards, of 
The Mill. Mill Lane. Felbridge. 
near East Grinsiead. Sussex. 

Mr SJ.G. Lywood 
and Miss A.C. Bond 
The engagement is announced 
between Jamie, second son of 
Mr and Mrs J.H.G. Lywood. of 
Ashford Court. Ludlow. Shrop- 
shire. and Amanda, eldest 
daughter of Mr T.E Boud. of 
Lodge Farmhouse. Shipley. Sus- 
sex. and Mrs RJ. Boud. of 
Honey crocks. Downash. Sussex. 
Dr T.M. McMonagle 
and Dr S.P. Kelway 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of the 
laie Mr M.A. McMonagle and of 
Mrs T.C. Turner-Green, of 
Brighton. Sussex, and Sally, 
daughter of the late Mr Pryor 
Kelway and of Mrs O.C 
Kelway. of Fulbeck. Lincoln- 

Mr P.M. Pelling 
and Miss C.C. Jones 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Give Pelling. of Wood- 
lord Green. Essex, and Char- 
lotte. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Ellis Jones, of Chester. 

Mr B.M. Pellowe 
and Miss DAL Kendall 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mrs B. Pellowe. of Bolton, and 
Diana, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G.H. Kendall, of Woking. 

Mr J. Snelgrove 
and Miss D. Kirkwood 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mr 
and Mrs John Snelgrove. of 
Hoddesdon. Hertfordshire, and 
Diana (Dingle I. daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Kirkwood, of 
Braughing. Hertfordshire, for- 
merly of Totteridge. 

Mr A.R. Thomas 
and Miss M.L. McCarthy 
The engagement is announced 
between Alastair. youngest son 
of Major and Mrs A.C.G. 
Thomas, of Dedham. Essex, and 
Marie- Louise, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs TJ. McCarthy, of 
Lake Forest. Illinois. United 


Mr C.E. Maclean 
and Miss D. Young 
The marriage took place on 
Monday. March 3. 1986. in 
Manhattan, of Mr Charles 
Maclean, eldest son of Sir 
Fnzroy and the Hon Lady 
Maclean, of Dunconnel. to Miss 
Deborah Young, daughter of Mr 
Lawrence Young, of Chicago. 
Captain H.R. Storey, RN. 
and Mrs J. Harrison 
The marriage took place at 
Crowborough on March I be- 
tween Captain Richard Storey. 
Royal Navy, and Mrs June 


HM Government 
Baroness Young. Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a luncheon oven in 
honour of Dr Carlos A. Saldivar 
Molina. Minister for Foreign 
Affairs of Paraguay, held at the 
Dukes Hotel. St James's Place. 
Institution of Water Engineers 
and Scientists 

Lord Elliott of Morpeth. Presi- 
dent of the Water Companies 
Association, was (he principal 
guest at a luncheon given yes- 
terday by ihe Council of the 
Institution of Water Engineers 
and Scientists at Grosvenor 
House. Mr R.J. Slater, presi- 
dent. was in the chair and 
among those present were repre- 
seniativcs of HM Government 
departments, professional in- 
stitutions and other 
organisations connected with 
the water industry. 

Victory (Services) Association 
The Lord Mayor of London was 

the guest of honour at a lun- 
cheon given by the Council of 
ihe Victory (Services) Associ- 
ation held at the Victory Ser- 
vices Oub yesterday. Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Frederick Rosier, 
president, was in the chair. The 
Deputy Lord Mayor of West- 
minster attended and among 
others present were: 

Admiral Sir Richard Filch. Admiral 
Sir WIULam O'Brien. General Sir 
Pauto, Howard Dobwn. Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Alaodair Sic-odman. Vice- 
Admiral Sir PMer Buchanan. Air 
Marshal Sir Ian Peddrr. Air Marshal 
Sir Frederick Sovrrey and Lady 

University College London 
A luncheon in honour of Profes- 
sor E.WJ. Mitchell. Chairman 
of the Science and Engineering 
Council, was held at University 
College London yesterday. The 
provost. Sir James Lighlhill. 
presided. Those present in- 

Profrmor J W Mullln ivtce provost I. 
Malor-Ceneral I H Baker (secretary ol 
me rolleqo. Profewor P J Audley. 
Professor DEN Davies. Professor I A 
Hailey. Professor F F Hcymann. 

profmor M o Lilly. Professor C R 
Slewan. Professor R Wilson. Dr S R 
Montgomery and Mr A Kurzfeld. 


The Speaker and Mrs Weatherill 
gave a dinner yesterday evening 
in Speaker’s House. The guests 

The Hon Sir Adam Sutler, mp. and 
Lady Butler. Mr John MacGregor. 
MP. and Mrs MacGregor. Mr Geoffrey 
Rinoon. QC_ MP. and Mrs Rlppon. Sir 
Richard Body. MP. and Lady Body. 
Mr Enr Ccrknam. MP. and Mrs 
Cockeram. Mr Rtrhard Douglas. MP. 
and Mrs Do u g la s. Mr Michael Cry to. 
MP. and Mm Grylis. Mr John 
Mackay. MP. and Mrs Mackay. Mr 
Michael Neubert. MP. and Mrs 
Neuhen. Mr George Park. MP. and 
Mrs Park. Mr John PrescolL MP. and 
Mrs Prescon. Mr Jeffrey Rooker. MP. 
and Mrs Rooker. Mr Richard Ryder. 
MP. and Mrs Ryder. Mr Nicholas 

Scot i . mp. and ihe Hon Mm Scon. Mr 

Robin Squire. MP. and Mrs Squire. 
Mr Jack Straw. MP. and Mrs Straw. 
Mr John wuklnson. MP. Mr Ian 
Wnggleaworlh. MP. and Mrs 
Wnggieswonn and the Rev HanUsh 
and Mis Bozen. 

HM Government 
Baroness Young. Minister of 
Stave for Foreign and Common 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a dinner at Admiralty 
House given in honour of the 
President of the Bundestag. Dr 
Philipp Jenninger. 

British Veterinary Association 
Sir John Stradling Thomas. MP, 
entertained the officers and 
guests of the British Veterinary 
.Association at dinner at the 
House of Commons last night 
Those present included: 

Mt» Janet Footers. MP. Mr David 
HarrK MP. Mr Robert Jackson. MP. 
Mr David Madran. MP. Mrs Anna 
McCuiiey. MP. Sir Peter Mills. MP. 
Sir Hector Monro. MP. Sir David 
Price. MP. Sir Michael Shaw. MP. Mr 
Andrew SlewarL MP. Mm Ann 
Wlnlerton. MP: Mr Brian Has* In 
i president. British Veterinary Assoc! 

an on i and 
deni. Royal 

- Ian Silver ipresi- 

CoUege or veterinary 

Apothecaries* Society 
Professor J.A. Dudgeon. Master 
of the Apothecaries' Society, 
assisted by Mr W.F.W. 
South wood. Senior Warden, 
and Dr J.F. Fisher, Junior 
Warden, was host at a dinner 
held at Apothecaries' Hall last 
night. Baroness Trumpington 
also spoke. Among the guests 

Lord Porrtrt. Lord Vinson. Sir Richard 
Thompson. Sir Peter T Izard. General 
Sir Anthony Farrar Hockley. Sir John 
Peel and Sir Waller Bodmer 

Timber Trade Federation 
The Soviet Ambassador, the 
Polish .Ambassador and other 
members of the Diplomatic 
Corps were among the guests at 
the annual dinner of the Timber 
T rade Federation held at 
Grosvenor House last nighL Mr 
G.N. Donaldson, president, was 
in the chair and Mr LL 
Rolland. President of . the In- 
stitute of British Architects, was 
the guest ofhonour and speaker. 
Among others present were: 

Sir David Montgomery. Mr D Poore. 
Mr C G A Laitiam. Mr C R Comes. 
Mr R E Groves. Mr A A Lockyer. Mr 
H C Gilbert. Mr R Hicks. MP and Mr 
M A Marshall. 

Royal College of Veterinary 
Mr Colin Shepherd. MP, spon- 
sored a dinner held on March 4 
at the House of Commons for 
the Royal College of Veterinary 
Surgeons. Among those present 

Profmsor I a Silver. Mr J A Parry. 
Mr J H Parana. Mr A R w Porter. Mr 
J Richardson iBvai. Mr R Gale. MP. 
Mr R Hicks. MP. Mr G Knight. MP. 
Mr P Martand. MP. Mr R Maxwell- 
Hylton. MP. Mr R Ottaway. MP. and 
Mr R Page. MP 


Latest appointments include: 
Jenny Abramsky to be editor of 
Today. BBC Radio 4's current 
affairs programme. 

Miss Usha Prashar, a research 
fellow at the Policy Studies 
Institute, to be Director of the 
National Council for Voluntary 


Mr Raymond Potter. Circuit 
Administrator (grade 3) of the 
Northern Circuit, to be pro- 
moted grade 2 (deputy sec- 
retary) in the Lord Chancellor’s 
Department from June 9. He 
replaces Mr P.D.Robinson, who 
is retiring, and will assume Mr 
Robinson's responsibilities for 
ihe administration of the Court 
Service and for legal aid matters. 
Mr TS. Legg (grade 2) to be 
Deputy Clerk of the Crown in 
Chancery, an appointment held 
by Mr Robinson. 

Trust trees 

The Oxford avenue of lime and 
oak trees at Stowe. Buckingham- 
shire. has been bought by the 
National Trust. The avenue, 
three quarters of a mile long, 
dates from the eighteenth cen- 
tury when Stowe was land- 
scaped by William Kent. 

Sale room 

Dogged determination wins 

By Ceraldine Norman. Sale Room Correspondent 


Historian and genealogist 

Four highly competitive Japanese dealers ran 
prices for rare Japanese ceramics through the 
roof at Christie's yesterday. A Kakiemou vase 
of aronnd 1680. estimated at £6,000 to £8.000, 
sold for £36,720 after dogged competition 
between two dealers. 

There has been a shortage of Kaiemons on 
the market, and this was a splendid example, 
27 ems high, palmed In brilliant enamels, with 
characteristic flowers, foliage and rockwork, 
and in almost perfect condition. 

A little Kakkmon rabbit, only 8.3 ems long, 
his white far splashed with iron-red, torqooise 
and bine, was another item that everyone 
wanted. The price soared to £14,040 (estimate 
£3,000-£4.000) as one dealer in the room tried 
to outbid the representative of a private 
collector bidding over the telephone. 

The market for pieces reflecting Western 
influence in Japan again, proved very strong 
with a late nineteenth century Imari gourd- 
shaped bottle, painted with a group of early 
Dutch traders, selling for £7.560( estimate 
£ 2 , 000 - 0 , 000 ). 

Two magnificent seventeenth century lac- 
quer chests that had reached Fiance in the 
eighteenth century, where they were mounted 
for aristocratic owners, made prices consonant 
with their distinguished histories, and were 
both bought by Ladv Abdy, a London dealer. 

She paid £22,I40(estuiiate £I8,000-£25,000) 
for a black-and-gokl chest from the collection 
of Compte Charles Louis de Cosse Brissac,and 
£17,280 (estimate £15,000^22,000) for a red. 
black, and gold chest that belonged to the 

Noailles family, and. furnished the little 
pavilion built for Madame de Pompadour at 
Fonts inbkan. 

The most important failure of the sale was a 
two-leaf lacquer screen with an elaborate inlay 
or elephants, figures, and landscape. It was 
bought in at £13,000 (estimate £18.000- 
£25,000) because it had begun to Call to pieces 
over the past week; the temperatme and 
humidity of Christie's had not suited, and the 
lacquer began to lift. 

Christie's were Investigating with their 
insurers yesterday where the responsibility lay 
when atmospheric conditions affected a trea- 

Dr Edward MacLysaght 
who died in Dublin on March 
3 at the age of 98, was the first 
Chief Herald of Iceland and 
one of that country’s foremost 

historians and genealogists. 

Born in England (a feet he 
was never anxious to reveal), 
the elder son of Sidney Royce 
(S.R.) Lysaght. a novelist and 
poet who came of a landed 
familv m Ireland, he was 
educated at Rugby- in the 
house of Mr Brooke whose 
poet son. Rupert, was a con- 
temporary. After a couple of 
terms at Oxford he took up 
farming and settled down at a 
holding his father had ac- 
quired for him in their ances- 
tral County of Clare. 

He joined the Gaelic 
League, an organisation for 
the revival of the Irish lan- 

The sale of Japanese works of art totalled 
£2962578, with 19 per cent left unsold. 

At Phillips, a reconstruction of the Battle of 
Waterloo measuring 25ft by 1 1ft, and contain- 
ing 20.000 warring troops, 8,000 horses, and 
suitable landscaping, faded to find a buyer. 

Valhalla, the Bath model-making firm who 

owned it had hoped to get £75,000 on the 

grounds that its exhibition could attract an I gttag e, and through his friend- 
income of £15,000 a year. In the event, it was j s hi p with George Russell 
bought in at £20,000. ' 

The battle was included in a sale of lead sol- 
diers and figures which secured some high 
prices. An American private collector who had 
left his commissions with the! auctioneer 
secured a 1928 Brittains two-tier box of British 
Cavalry at £2,800 (estimate £800-£l,200), and 
a rare 1938 Brittains biplane and pilot at 
£2,200 (estimate £1,500-£2,000). 


... ;r«? 

Church news 

Canon David Bentley, Rector of 
Esher, Surrey, is to be Bishop 
Suffragan of Lynn, diocese of 
Norwich, in succession to the 
Right Rev William Ailken, who 
died last year. He will be 
consecrated at Westminster Ab- 
bey on July 22- 

Latest wills 

Mr Neil Edward Wates. of 
Chiddingstone. Kent, formerly 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of Wales, the building 
company, left estate valued at 
£6.841.732 neL 

Phyllis Mary Dobell Dnrstoa. of 

Oadby. Lcics -. £610.510 

Mr Vernon Thomas HolL of 
Moreton in Marsh. 

GIoucs £726.455 

Mr John Gwynce Jones, of 

Broads lairs. Kent £353.088 

Mrs Nancy Plews, of Knutsford. 

Cheshire £767,998 

Mrs Gladys EiJeen Ronald 
Stopford. of Tunbridge Wells. 
Kent £388.052 

University news 

The Following honorary degrees 
arc to be awarded in July. 

LLDi Sir Pwer Teller Main, Chairman 
of Bools: the Hes Professor Owen 
Chadwick. OM. President of Ihe 
Brtlteh Academy: Mr Malcolm Foroes. 

uobiisher. Mr David Hockney. artttC 

Mr Calum AJewander MacLeod, chair- 

man. Lyle sruMm and OfNiike 
Group, and S»r John Thomson. UR 
Permancnl Representative lo the 
L ruled NaUom. 

DO The Very Rev John Patterson, 
formerly Moderator of the General 
Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 
DSC: Sir James Black, prnf eg or of 
experimental pharmacology. London 

LLD- Mr Ian Hamilton Finley, artist; 
and Catherine Irvine Gavin. novet&I. 
MUtt David Touimin Uohn Rctdi. 


BSc Mtss Florence Creta. depart- 
mental superintendent, department of 
plant science. 



y T . . Ud- £00.189 to Professor 
Goodrich for the development of 
J* “keeping performance crflcna. 

V* i-tkomp Trust. £S2 ?48 to Dr O 
Ragan lo sluoy Wogeness and assem- 
bly of mitochondrial NADS 

^(^^SjWineeriiKi Research 
Council; CBI.R77 to Dr AJ Hey. Dr JT 
Chaiker and Dr CR Jevshope lo study 
gonuiaiion of rtaitslicai mechanical 
systems on a low com. high perfor- 
mance transputer array. 

Birthdays today 

Dr M.G. Adam. 74; Mr William 
Davis. 53: Sir Archibald Forbes. 
83: Professor Sir Charles Frank, 
75: Professor Sir Raymond 
HofTenberg. 63: Mr Frankie 
Howerd. o4; Mr Lorin Maazel, 
56: Mr Richard Noble. 40; Lord 
RobcrthalL 85:. Sir lan . Dixon 
Scott. 77; the Right Rev David 
Sheppard. 57; Lord Silkm of] 
Dulwich. QC 68; Sir Peter 
Sin Hard. 71: Dame Km Te 
Kanawa. 42; Mr D.H. Whitaker,' 
.55: Sir Oliver Wright, 65. • 

Science report 

How garlic ruined a china doll’s complexion 

By Dorothy Bonn 

Antique china dolls and a 
taste for garlic have brought to 
light a most unusual 
ocupational hazard; but the 
risk is to the dolls rather than 
the patient. 

The circumstances involved 
1 6-year-old girl employed in 
factory making reproduction 
antique china dolls. She com- 
plained to her doctor that the 
sweatiness of her hands 
caused blemishes to appear on 
the dolls' heads she was 
handling. Wherever she 
touched the bead while paint- 
ing. black speckles would 
mysteriously appear after the 
next firing. 

Bat h did not happen with 
other people. Finding the 
cause of the speckles need the 
ingenuity' of a biochemist and 

a geologist from Birmingham 
University and a physician 
and a pharmacologist from St 
Mary’s Hospital Medical 
School. London, with help 
from experts on antique dolls. 

Sweat seemed the most 
likely source of the trouble, 
and this was confirmed when 
the girl was asked to draw 
patterns in samples of the clay 
with her fingertip. Patters she 
drew after the first firing 
consistently appeared as 
speckles after the second fir- 
ing. No speckles appeared if 
she drew the patterns before 
the first firing, or if she wore 
rubber or plastic gloves or 
applied an anti-perspirant 
cream to her skin. 

The team of experts work- 

ing with Dr Conrad Harris at 
St Mary's Hospital then ex- 
amined her diet since this 
affects substances secreted in 
the sweat The most striking 
thing was a fondness of garlic, 
and so the investigators exam- 
ined her sweat collected over- 
night after she had eaten 
garlic and also daring a week 
when she had eaten no garlic. 

The beads of perspiration 
were all found to contain three 
volatile substances, all of them 
sulphur compounds. 

X-ray analysis showed that 
clay had a high content of iron 
manganese, and the speckles 
themselves contained iron and 
sulphur: though neither ele- 
ment was found in between the 

And so it was concluded that 

the speckles were produced by 
garlic-derived molecules of 
sulphide compounds in the 
girl's sweat combining with 
flecks of iron or iron-bearing 
minerals in the day. 

Some pople cannot break 
down certain sulphur com- 
pounds, and these therefore 
pass unaltered into the mine. 
This girt was one of these so 
called poor solphoxidisers bat 
she was unable to excrete 
sulphur containing breakdown 
products of garlic. 

Since her work was too 
delicate to allow her to wear 
protective gloves, the only way 
she could avoid spoiling the 
dolls she was making was to 
keep off garlic. 

Source: The Lancet, March 
1. p.492. 

The VITAMIN C that’s 

Centurion Vitamin C pastilles are today's deliciously different way to take Vitamin C 
Ideal for (he whole family. Centurion can now be found in two flavours - Orange or Blackcurrant. 

Each pastille contains T^mg ofViumi’n C At only 5^p for 4 weeks supply they 're a healthy investment, too. From Chemists? 

(A.E.) and others in Dublin 
Arts Club, be gradually be- 
came involved in the Irish 
Ireland political movement. 

In 1917 he supported. 
Eamonn de Valera when the 
reprieved veteran of the previ- 
ous year's Easier Rising stood 
successfully for Sinn Fein at a 
by-election in Clare. Subse- 
quently MacLysaght acted as 
an unofficial Sinn Fein repre- 
sentative at the Irish Conven- 
tion which Lloyd George 
convened in an unsuccessful 
effort to produce agreement 
on the Irish question. 

He remained active in the 
independence movement un- 

more clearly its Gaelic on gin 

In 1922~ hr was elected a 
member of the firs Senate of 
ihe Irish Free Stale. He re- 
mained a senator for three 
years. . , . 

After that he devoted him- 
self to farming and writing. 
But whereas his previous liter- 
ary output had consisted of 
poems, and novels both in* 
Irish and English he now 
concentrated on history- His 
work Irish Life in ihe Seven- 
teenth Century was a seminal 
work of social history, depict- ‘ 
ing everyday life at a time of . 
major transition in Ireland's 

In 1943 after the Irish 
government had taken over 
the Office of Arms in Dublin 
Castle' he was appointed the 
first Chief Herald of Ireland. 
He edited a published vofunie 
of the family papers of the 
Earis of Kcnmare. In 1956 be 
became chairman of the Irish 
Manuscripts Commission, a 
post he held until he was 85^= 
He published a number of* 
volumes on.tbe origins of Irish 
surnames. • 

m 1978 when he was ovet 
90 he brought out memoirs 
entitled Changing Times 
which provide a charming and 
informal account of Irish life 
as he bad known rt. 

MacLysaght was a purd- 
souled Irish patriot, a friendly 
and unassuming man. : He 
continued to work and take 
regular exercise untH a few 
months before his death and 
he never: lost his handsome .. 

Countess Mountbatten of Burma and Lieutenant-Colonel Cary Owtram. the last surviving 
British camp commandant on the Bonna-Siam railway) admiring a self-portrait (also below 
left) by Ronald Searle, the cartoonist, drawn when be was a Japanese prisoner-of-war. Lady 
Mountbatten was opening an exhibition of Searfe’s wartime works at the Imperial War Mu- 
seum yesterday. A 1945 watercolour of one of Searle's guards is shown below right 

Royal Warrant 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Royal Warrant 
Holders Assocation for the- 1 
ensuing yean 
President: Mr Tiinonihy 
San deman: vice-president: Mr 
Graeme J. Wilson; honorary 
treasurer Mr Edward Ravne. 

til the Anglo-Irish Treaty of appearance. 

I'92I . In 1920 he changed his He was twice married and is 
name from Lysagbt to survived by three sons and 
MacLvsaghl so as to indicate one daughter. ' ^ 


Dame Jocelyn 
WooHcombe, DBE. who died 
on January 30, aged 87. was 
Director of the Women's Roy- 
al Naval Service from 1 946 to 
1950. In 1949 she was ap- 
pointed ADC to the King, the 
first woman to receive this 

The daughter of Admiral 
Maurice WooHcombe, she was 
educated at Moorfields, Plym- 
outh, and abroad before work- 
ing in ihe Naval Intelligence 
Division during the First 
World War- . 

In 1939 she joined the 
WRNS as a Chief Officer hi 
Plymouth but was soon pro- . 
moted and appointed to the 
Admiralty. -A", • 

As Deputy Director .(Man- 
ning) she had the formidable 
task of organising the recruit- 
ing. training, advancement 
and other matters concerning 
WRNS ratings whose num- 
bers rose to over 70,000. At 
this time she also laid the 
foundations of the WRNS 
Benevolent Trust which later, 
during her chairmanship, was 
granted a Royal Charter. 

With her intelligence and 
serenity, she was the ideal 
person, as Director, to guide 
the WRNS through the con- 
version from “Hostilities 
Only" to a “permanent 
service". It was not without 
difficulty that the principles of 
WRNS service conditions^ 
pay and pensions, were related 
to those of the Royal Navy 
and this foresight set the 
pattern for the fixture. She was 

Dame Jocelyn WooHcombe 
as ADC to the King 

held in great respect and 
affection. by all who worked 
with her. 

On xetiremenL her influ- 
ence was invaluable as Presi- 
dent of the Association of 
Wrens (1960-82) and Vice- 
President of the WRNS Be- 
nevolent Trust. From 1951-56 
she was Controller of the 
Sister Trust and in 1957-58 
General Secretary of the Hun- 
garian Section of the British 
Council for Aid to Refugees. 

Throughout her life she 
gave generously of her time in 
voluntary service with partic- 
ular interest in amateur dra- 
matics. the Girl Guides, the 
Duke of Edinburgh's Award 
for Girls and Freedom from 

She was appointed CBE in 
1944 and DBE in 1950. 


Jin Neville writes: 

Elizabeth Smart died on 
March 4 in Soho. She was in 
her early 70s. 

Born in Canada in comfort-, 
able circumstances, she fell in 
love with the impecunious 
George Barker when she read 
a volume of his poetry. This 
led to a correspondence be- 
tween them which led to a 
love affair that can only be 
described as cosmic. 

It resulted, if not in the sky 
cracking, in four children and 
one lyric work of arc By 
Grand Central Station I Sat 
Down and Wept, first' pub- 
lished in 1 945. 

She followed Barker back to 
.England where she remained, 
becoming a familiar and even 
talismamc figure in the pubs 
and bars of London’s dwin- 
dling Bohemia: Fitzrovia and 

The publication of the novel 
when the war was only just 
over was hardly noticed, but it 
was reprinted in 1966 in 
paperback to much acclaim. 
Bridget Brophy described it as 
“one of the half dozen master- 
pieces of poetic prose in the 

This encouragement result- 
ed in a sequel: The .Assump- 
tion of the Rogues and Rascals 
which was less about love and 
more about its aftermath. Iq 
her 60s she published A Bo- 
nus.. her deceptive! v simple 

Her vision could not be 
more unfashionable among 
certain feminists today. At 
core it could be dubbed mas? 
ochistic but that is to suggest 
an emotional evasiveness that 
she abhorred. ... 

The protagonists of By 
Grand Central Station refuse 
to protect themselves from 
pain by growing a shell. They 
are always, out there, walking 
the emotional plank. ; 

Those who gag on a lyric 
impulse, who like nothing to 
occess. will prefer milder stuff* 
But it remains true that for 
one brief period (in her thir- 
ties) Elizabeth Smart, burning 
on her own pyre, managed to 
translate those flames into 

She will be much missed by- 
her legion of Soho friends and* 
by all those to whom she* 
handed on the torch of her" 
very special vision. 


Mr John Deane Spence, 
Conservative MP for Rydale 
since I983.and prior to that 
for Sheffield. Heeley, (1970- 
74) and Thirek and Malton 
(J 974-83). died on March 4. 
aged 65. 

He was a civil engineering 
and building contractor, and a 
director of a number of com- 
panies in the construction 


Educated at Queen’s Uni- 
versity. Belfast, he unsuccess- 
fully contested Wakefield for 
the Conservatives in 1 964 and 
Sheffield. Heeley, in 1966. 

On his second attempt at 
Heeley in 1970 he wpn with a 

1974 and was a member of the 
Commons Select Committee 
on Agriculture. He was a 
member of the Wider Share 
Ownership Council and a 
leading member of the Con- 
servative back-benchers' in- 
dustry and • agriculture' 

He was- also joint chairman 
of the All-Party Scotch Whis-! 
k> Industry Group, and. was 
also former secretary and vice' 
chairman of ihe Yorkshire 
Group of Conservative MPs. 

Spence was national presi- 

margin of 71 J votes: In 1974 and personal private secretary, 
he won Thirsk and Malton, to the Minister for Local 
and retamedthe redrawn con- Government from 1971 to - 

. He m . a I? cd Hester Nichol- 
son in 1944: thev had 
and a daughter. 

sutuency. Rydale; in 1983. 

Spence had been a member 
of the Speaker's Rand of 
Committee Chairmen since 

a son 

: : 





a game 


Potty - 

r.i ')\ 

® w ® n 8»- A® goody- 
brother in Dall/ff 
ffftCl), *** laid- to rest last 
night, in tbe presence of all his 
fondly, both his girlfriends 
and -his horse. The Tweuty- 
•4hW Psalm, . was read in 
resonant tones over his resting 
jrtace. on the South Fork 
spread, and even his wicked 
brother, JR, shed a tear. 
t The deith of a major char- 
acter hi any soap opera is an 
emotional peak for the andi- 
eoce and a logistical night- 
mare for the series* creators. 
.Their fob is like the game of 
^three-dimensional chess 
'played in Star Wars; each 
character represents a strain 
of homespun philosophy 
which will gyve rise to certain 
predetermined..' scenarios. 
With a character removed, the 
balance of power on tbe board 
most immediately be readjust- 
ed- •• 

. In Mn. cbess, the 
action is a battle for suprema- 
cy between . black, and white. 
This is-fougbt between charac- 
ters of nnimpeacfaable good- 
ness like Bobby, his mother. 
Miss Elbe and his former-bnt- 
deariy-loved wife Pam, and 
characters of irredeemable evil 
like JR and Pam’s brother 
ACtiff. People may act out of 
character to spice the story- 
lines up a bit bnt they mnst 
always run true to type by the 
end of the season. 

The will-reOding, a classic 
set-piece of ; the genre, was 
give? the sort of fill-blooded 
treatment the Dallas audience 
expects. The central issw was 
the disposition, of Bobby's 
share in the family oQ compa- 
ny; whoever inherited that 
would thereafter become JR's 
uatoral opponent 

Tbe nerves of the knowing 
were stretched like bow- 
strings in tbe suspense. Dear 
Bobby'squintessentiaHy senti- 
mental bequests of his horse, 
bis gim and his pappy VgoH 
watch were milked ft all they 
were wort!? their at last the 
of battle were, drawn as 
effective control of 30 per cent 
of Evring Oil was placed in the 
frail, manknred handsrof Ram. 

. Instantly, fabatafs vistas of 
internecine sqnabMhy ppened 
op; the Subsidiary issnti^of 
whether Sue EHea was going 
to get drunk and abusive, 
drank and raped, or merely 
totally wrecked was briskly 
resolved In favour of the last 
option as the final credits 
rolled. It was one of those 
occasions on which Dallas 
seemed to be an art like 
origami — Intricate, skilful and 
totally pointless. 

Celia Brayfield 

The Royal Academy of Music, 
imtam s - oMest principal music 
. couege. will announce details today 
o f radical plans for its future. These 
mciiide reducing student number* 
by a durd over the next five years, 
introducing an express stream for 
high-flying soloists and attracting, 
njore visits from ; international 
■ ™*f s ' The aiih is to improve the 
staff-student ratio, .and to increase ■ 
Jhe Academy’s international repu- 
latjon. An appeal is being launched 
to help fund the change 
The announcement will end 
: speculation in musical circles that 
the Academy want to become a_ 

centre of excellence" fora handful 

of ©Red soloists, with privileged 
funding and status. This idea is 
mown to interest Sir Keith Joseph, 
^ccreiary of State for Education. . 
He is concerned that too many of 
our most talented young perform- 
ers. go abroad to finish their 
training . because of. inadequate 
provision- here. The Academy's 
plan has been perceived as an 

attempt to forestall Joseph. 

Sir David Lumsden, the Aca- 
demy's principal, denies this. “The 
plans have grown over several 
years. We are not seeking special 
status, nor shall we just train 
soloists. Well still offer the same 
comprehensive, musical education 

The mounting rivalry among London’s main music colleges reaches 
a turning-point in an announcement today: Fiona Maddocks reports 

The excellence of controversy 

for ail kinds of performers", he 
says. Indeed he condemns the 
notion of designating one college as 
a single shrine of talent. "A tier 
system would .damage the entire 

His yiew is shared by heads of 
other colleges, of which the fore- 
most are the Royal College of 
Music, Royal Northern College of 
Music and Guildhall School of 
Mujic and Drama. One called the 
idea “disastrous". They met Sir 
Keith Joseph a month ago to 
express their alarm, last week. Sir 
Keith's only comment was that 
"Ail educational establishments 
should seek to be centres of 

But why should the prospect of a 
“super-school". as it has been 
dubbed, cause such a furore? 
Several issues are at stake. The' 
underlying assumption, of course, 

is that the music colleges are failing 
in their task. This view — common- 
ly voiced by music critics, agents 
and promoters, and often based on 
outdated experience — assumes 
that the colleges still inhabit the 
late 19th-century world in which 
most were founded. They are 
believed to produce loo many 
mediocre string players, singers 
who can sight-read nothing later 
than Verdi and enough flautists to 
fill the world’s symphony orches- 
tras twice over. Having failed as 
soloists, the players then become 
bad teachers. Little wonder our 
best talent heads for Heathrow. 

There is scant evidence, though, 
for this bleak view. Great strides 
have been taken since the Gul- 
benkian report (1978) on training 
professional musicians, which 
urged cutting student numbers and 
updating courses to meet today’s 

needs. Numbers are still too high, 
but this is simply in order to 
maintain the level of DES funding. 
Courses, however, have been trans- 
formed beyond recognition. Jazz, 
improvisation and film-music are 
regular features in addition to die 
basic repertoire. Contemporary 
music, once limited to the commit- 
ted few, is now studied by ail. 

All this bodes well for most 
generally able performers, but is it 
adequate for the exceptional few? 
As any teacher would argue, in 
most respects the star soloist is 
born, not made. Many by-pass the 
institutions to allow more lime for 
private practice. A new “super- 
schoor would not alter that. The 
good teacher will always find time 
for the gifted pupil. Even were that 
not so, most colleges already have 
advanced performers’ courses 
which attract applications by music 

students from all over the world. 

What proof is there, then, of a 
mass exodus of talent abroad? Such 
evidence as there is seems to deny 
the suggestion. Of the 354 pupils 
leaving England’s specialist music 
schools (Cheiham’s. Yehudi Me- 
nuhin, Purcell and Wells Cathe- 
dral) in the past five years, only 1 1 
went abroad; 97 per cent pro- 
gressed to higher training in this 
country. The major trusts which 
fund music scholarships report a 
similar trend. 

No one would claim these facts 
tell the whole story. Nor do they 
disguise the many problems which 
beset the music colleges, the biggest 
of which is too many students. If 
numbers were reduced, as the 
Academy now proposes, associated 
difficulties such as staff and accom- 
modation shortages would be 
eased, if not solved It is worth 

observing, however, that even the 
Juilliard. with its vastly superior 
resources, produces only a handful 
of international soloists in a de- 
cade. Students there may see their 
chosen star teacher only once a 
term, being farmed out to assis- 
tants the rest of the time. The 
results are little different. 

Even the best colleges, however, 
can only respond to the talent 
ottered The real issue which needs 
tackling is what happens at a much 
earlier age. For a string player, the 
damage may be done by the age of 
1 1. Conversely, wind players may 
develop only 'in their teens when 
the> join ihe numerous youth 
orchestras and wind-bands which 
characterize Britain’s musical life. 
That tradition is now at risk. Some 
schools have no music teaching at 
all. and the number of peripatetic 
teachers has been cut dramatically 
in recent years to meet government 

The consequences of such a 
trend are obvious. As our advanced 
musical institutions continue to 
improve their facilities, attract 
glossy international names to their 
staff and raise their musical stan- 
dards. they will be forced to look 
abroad for talcm to fill the places. 
This irony cannot be lost even on 
tone-deaf ears. 




The Place 

If one has to choose between a 
work ofart that has too much 
in it and one that has too little, 
the former has to be preferable 
because at least then we can 
make our own choices; 
Bosendorfer Waltzes, which 
Second Stride are presenting 
at The Place this week, cer- 
tainly has no lade of material. 

Ian Spink, its choreographer 
and director, says that the 
Fokine/Stravinsky Firebird 
was his starting-point; but,. in 
collaboration with the. com- 
poser Orlando Gough, the 
designer Antony McDonald 
and the cast of six dancers, a 
great deal more has crept in. 

point, and at least sometimes 
thereafter, Gough takes tiny 
phrases from Stravinsky as the 
basis of systems music, built 
on repetitions and transfor- 
mations — a favourite device 
of Spink's choreography, too. 
Tbe pianos are apparently 
supplemented by a pre-record- 
ed tape; and because Stravin- 
sky used four pianos in Les 
Noces we have two other 
instruments on stage, up- 
rights, which Philippe Girau- 
deau and Popper sometimes 

v % 

Principally the additions con- 

cent the dadaist and surrealist 
movements in painting and 
literature, litis makes for 
some mystification and much 
complexity, probably too 
much, but it also. gives the 
work spirit. 

Each dancer represents an 
historical character, although I 
s few spectators would get 
nd identifying Michael 
Popper as Dali (his account of 
meeting Freud and presenting 
him with treatise on para- 
noia is hilarious). It <foes not 
matter; what they say affords 
ap. the mformatioo actually 
heeded. And say it they do; at 
great length to shirt with: the 
work is 20 minutes on its way 
before rany music or dancing 
starts,' although ..there have 
been some ritual actions, un- 
folding maps, displaying post- 
ers, removmg shoes, piuting 
arms in a sling. 

The muse begins with two 

rom this point on the 
dancers also represent charac- 
ters or incidents from The 
Firebird, again with Fokine's 
choreography sometimes 
quoted and developed system- 
atically. At one point we have 
two female firebirds and one 
male flickering between tiny 
repeated patterns of dance; at 
another Giraudeau and Mi- 
chel Smith both represent 
Ivan stnggling in the power of 
Popper and Ikky Maas as 

. .The kiss recur* over and 
over and once leads to tumul- 
tuous mutual seduction; the 
marriage occurs Magritie- 
style, feces invisible, beneath a 
hammer and a sickle. The 
magic egg is another image 
that recurs all through, more 
realistic but finally thrilling. 

Arid* gynaecological couch 
that is also a dining table, 
remims^uces by the cast, red 
apd white feathers, a stage full 
of apples rolled thunderously 
from buckets, photegraphs of 
Russian politicians, fireworks, 
and lighting structures pushed 
around, spread this over 110 
minutes without an intermis- 
sion, and I think you have too 
much. And yet Bosendorfer 
Waltzes is never boring, and 
at moments it is entirely 


Donain Cooper 

Music to obliterate thought 


Sadlers Wells 

pianists. David Owen and 
Lucy .Wilson, .revealed at ' ma g ical in mood and effect. 

grand pianos hidden under big n • i 

cloth doils’-houses. At this JOlUl Fercival 

From the time of GodspelL 
rock and religion have regular- 
ly come together in a misalli- 
ance zealously promoted by 
the church. Whether or not it 
serves to spread the faith, rock 
certainly has the effect of 
putting the mind to sleep: a 
process illustrated with un- 
usual clarity in Shirhe Ro- 
den's rock opera on Joan of 
Arc, now transferred from the 
Birmingham Rep to the re- 
prieved Sadler's wells. 

Miss Roden has taken her 
outline from Shaw's Saint 
Joan, that cathedral to human 
scepticism. Her libretto even 
preserves some of tbe play's 
acid court satire and ecclesias- 
tical argument; but it is labour 
thrown away once the music 
gets going. 

Of its kind, the music 
strikes me as extremely ac- 
complished. It is mainly as- 
sembled from sharp little 
melodic patterns which are 
diversified to cany an entire 
scene, and take on contrasting 
emotional colour. Tbe sound 
is sometimes sweet, often 
brutal; but the main thing is 
that it depends on intermina- 
ble repetition. It can evoke 

atmosphere and primary feel- 
ings but. when decanted over 
the stage like hot chocolate 
sauce, it obliterates character 
and thought. 

Miss Roden demonstrates 
this herself when, late in the 
show, she introduces her only 
comic number, in which two 
facetious guards try to per- 
suade the armour-plated hero- 
ine to put on a dress. The 
effect is excruciating 

Otherwise the book fells 
obediently into line, present- 
ing Joan as an iconic figure, 
erect in a gleaming breastplate 
amid swirling smoke, and 
Alencon (Malcolm Roberts) 
as an idealized blond warrior 
as apt to fell on his knees as to 
wield a sword. The one char- 
acter who does survive is the 
Dauphin (Brett Forrest), who 
begins as a Shavian booby but. 
once in power, leads a rabble- 
rousing chorus calling for the 
destruction of the giri who is 
no longer of any use to him. 

The main storytelling nov- 
elty is the appearance of 
Joan's three voices — Saints 
Catherine, Margaret and Mi- 
chael - who supervise the 
action from a heavenly bridge 
over the stage in the likeness 
of three Elysian Supreme® in 
skin-tight silver boiler-suits. It 
sounds ridiculous, but it is 



The recently formed company 
Theatre City promised us a 
new translation (by David 
Wiles) that would pul "mod- 
ern sentiments" into the 
mouths of the old characters. 
Well, it depends whether you 

consider it a modem senti- 
ment to be revenged on your 
faithless husband by dispatch- 
ing his new popsy and her 
royal dad by means of a 
poisoned dress, knife your two 
kids and then set off for 
Athens in a chauffeur-driven 
car — visible to us on the 
video-screen helpfully placed 
beside the stage. 


Soprano sensation 

Lucia di 

City Theatre, Basle 

Basle is the place to catch the 
Lucia of the rising generation. 
Eva Lind, bom in Innsbruck 
and now with the Vienna Slate 
Opera, has just turned 20. 
3 . Basle had the wit to engage her 
to sing her first Lucia di 
Lammennoor and she has 
responded to. this trust by 
giving the kind of perfor- 
mance that has had the hot- 
shot agents, and one or two of 
the conductors who really do 
take the trouble to cast their 
own perform naces, descend- 
ing on this small Swiss city, 
which has got into the habit of 
taking a chance with the new. 

Opportunities of hearing a 
Lucia with a coloratura sopra- 
no carrying all Lhe freshoess of 
extreme youth are rare: even 
t Sutherland on that famous 
^February night over .a quarter 
of a century ago had tackled 
dose on a dozen heavyweight 
roles before turning to Lucy. 
Freshness is exactly what 
Lind’s voice possesses, the 
type of sound the Victorians 
might perhaps have heard m 
the days of the teenage diva. 
With it go extreme musical 
intelligence, btonde good 
looks and a slim,, tall frame 
that allows her to skitter 
across the surface of the stage- 

The voice does not have the 
wistful shades for the Gothic 
. dreams of. “Regnava. nel 
silenzio", but once Edgardd 
has entered the performance 
takes off. There is no glassi- 
ness hi the coloratura, no bard 
edge. She soared over the 
orchestra, in the sextet and 
sounded even better in the 
Mad Scene, where one perfect- 
ly controlled instrument (the 
voice) answers another (the 
flute) in charting poor Lucy’s 
ravings.. It comes as nd ^reat 
surprise that Eva Lind will be 
Adele in tbe new Fledermaus 
EMI are planning with Do- 
mingo conducting, and that 
Abbado has cast her as Oscar 
in the forthcoming Ballo at the . 
Vienna State Open. 

Jean-Claude Auvray. a fav- 
ourite producer at Basle, ta kes 
his cue in part from Lucia’s 
imaginings by the Ravens- 
wood fountain. He begins by 
having an audience of stern 
Victorians, dressed severely in 
black, assemble for a spa 
concert in a Malvern or 
aBuxton. Enter the soprano 
with her music to sing, pre- 
sumably. Lucia and she imme- 
diately falls under the spell of 
the heroine, with her brief life 
and her crazed death. 

The device for a few mo- 
ments looked clumsy, but 
then began to work its own 
magic in Mario Garbuglias 
winter garden 

Eva Lind : one perfectly controlled instrument for the Mad Scene 



complete with metal gallery 
and spiral staircase. The opera 
is played in .the black and 
white of which dreams are 
made, transferring Lucia out 
of Scott’s world of lam-o- 
shanters and sporrans into one 
closer to Wilkie Collins’s spec- 
tres and women in white. And 
spectres were the stock-in- 
trade of Donizetti and his 
librettist Cammarano in this 
instance. This highly imagina- 
tive staging was clearly de- 
vised as a vehicle for Eva 
Lind, whose fleetness of 
movement especially in fuH 
song would defeat many an- 
other soprano. 

The best of her colleagues 
was Emile Fath, given a club- 
foot as the villainous Enrico 
and a facial make-up that 
made him a Donizetti double. 
His baritone lacked a true 
legato but it has strength and 
burnished dark colouring. The 
Edgardo, Eduardo Villa, of- 
fered a cruder performance 
both vocally and dramatically, 
and sounded more suited to 
roles like Calaf. For obscure 
reasons Edgardo’s aria from 
the final scene/*Fra poco a me 
ricovero". which showed Villa 
at his best, was placed at the 
beginning of Act II. before the 
often-cut encounter of Enrico 

and his arch-enemy in the 
tower of Wolferag. The 

Raimondo sounded tired and 
out of voice. 

The combination of Lind 
and Auvray could have been 
even more effective with a 
conductor tuned to Donizetti. 
Baldo Podics handling of the 
orchestra was too often insen- 
sitive and over-siridenL 

• Future performances are on 
March 15 and 31. April 6 and 
13. May 2. 4 and 14. and June 
20. Be warned; tickets are hard 
to come bv. 

John Higgins 

The Rising of the 


Guildhall School 

Of all the things that might have been 
created at the end of the 1960s. an 
operatic romantic comedy; must be 
one of the least likely, which is why 
the neglect of Nicholas Maw s The 
Rising ol ihe Moon, after the perfor- 
mances at Glyndebourne for which it 
.was commissioned, did not appear so 
•very shameful. The piece simply 
to he unworkable. Bui a glowing, 
§ood-humourcd and richly pleasur- 
able revival at’the Guildhall School or 
Music and Drama has proved that u 
]t > not at all. And it surely cannot be 

feat anvortc Iras been put on by me 

curtain-line wish of one of the 
characters, that the rest of the British 
army might depart from Irish shores 
with the 31st Royal Lancers. After all, 
this is 1875. . - 

Or is it? The strength of the opera is 
inseparable from its ambiguity about 
date - a kind of ambiguity for which 
Strauss provides the nearest modeL 
There is a sumptuous tide of waltzing 
that underlies a good bit of the score, 
and some of the more overtly comic 
numbers, such as the officers' drink- 
ing song or the Irish- scherzo in the 
last act. are in a straightforward tonal 
scvie. But the music also knows about - 
gerg and about Britten, without being 
bowled overby them, and it uses their 
cvnicism not to attack its own 
romantic heart but- curiously to 
collude. If Maw were presented with a 
more complex libretto, he' might have 

it in him to produce another 


This is not to discount Beverley 
Cross's achievement in his words for 
the present opera. The libretto has 
some good jokes, and its plotting is 
skilful: a new young officer is given a 
night in which to prove his manhood 
with three ladies of his own choice, 
and accomplishes the task by cuck- 
olding the colonel, his adjutant (so it 
seems! and a visiting Prussian major. 
Moreover, the action provides for an 
almost emblematic meeting of ihe 
romantic and the cynical in the 
relationship between the resilient 
hero. Beaumont, and the Prussian 
major’s wife. He. starry-eyed, is 
forced to treat sexual conquest as a 
stunt: she has no illusions, but 
cherishes a belief that there is more to 
k>ve than lust 

These two are the most fully 
developed roles, in the words and in 
the music, and they are sung here 
with a just mixture of smiles and 
pathos, vet with unfailing lyricism, by 

Joseph Cornwell and Rachael Hall- 
til. 1 

awetl. The others are mostly character 
parts: Roisin McGibbon sings with 
winning freshness and a tasty brogue 
as Caihleen. Robert Poulion properly 
blusters as the colonel and Sarah 
Pring as his wife is nghtly formidable 
yet meltable to a certain touch. The 
orchestral playing is magnificent 
under Stephen Barlow, and Patrick 
Libby is responsible for the produc- 
tion being so happy. 

There are further performances 
tonight and. with a different cast 

Paul Griffiths 

justified by their pan in the 
fable, if music dramatizes 
anything in this show, it is the 
sight of these angelic swingers 
urging their misting protegee 
on to the next suicidal adven- 

"Now is the time" is their 
slogan, first catapulting Joan 
from the village to the court, 
and then into the siege of 
Orleans: finally, in the show’s 
masterstroke, they matenalize 
in her cell and joyously tell her 
that now is the time to go up in 
smoke. This being a rock 
opera, it is left to the spectator 
to decide whether she is 
entering paradise or whether 
the Inquisition was spot on in 
considering she had been mis- 
led by demons. 

Bill Kenwright's production 
(with choreography by Antho- 
ny van Laast) is well drilled, 
well lit and thunderously well 
amplified. Of individual voi- 
ces. Rebecca Storm has the 
well-placed sexless purity of a 
boy chorister, and Peter 
Straker comes close to ob- 
literating the memory of 
Shaw's Cauchon in his appari- 
tion of a gibbering witch- 
doctor with wild upswept hair 
and accusations rising to an 
unearthly voodoo falsetto. 

Irving Wardle 

But, if it is modem language 
they were after, this transla- 
tion is an efficient and attrac- 
tive instrument, up-to-date in 
vocabulary - as the basic 
Euripides is said to have been 
- with just the occasional 
fancy flourish given to the 
Chorus. “I have smeared the 
clothes with suitable 
chemicals". Medea explains. 
Somebody else says "Undeni- 
ably things have turned out 

Undeniably, that is a comic 
line — and perhaps this is 
where we find the translation's 
“modem sentiments". Such 
unexpected remarks distance 
the characters from their dis- 
tress (this is before anyone is 
killed) while at the same time 
we can identify with the 
attitude. It must, after all. be a 
bit of a blow for this foreign 
princess. Medea, to come lo 
Greece with Jason and then be 
shoved aside because he 
proves to be an upwardly 
mobile creep wanting to mar- 
ry into the local royalty. 

Gibbering witch-doctor with a heroine of sexless purity: 
Peter Straker and Rebecca Storm in Jeanne 

To emphasize Medea's 
alien situation Shineen Shah is 
cast in the title role and all the 
menfolk are subtly British: a 
self-satisfied Jason by Michael 
Kingsbury, allowing a poli- 
tician's thin smile a brief life 
on his baby face; a vacillating 
Creon from Michael Deacon; 
and — nice touch - Metin 
YenaTs Aegeus, embarrassed 
at having to talk about his 
infertility. Though perhaps 
putting his hands in his pock- 
ets is going too far. 

Shireen Shah's performance 
is hard to follow and raises 
questions: Why is she shaking 
her ear-rings now? Being lan- 
guorous on this line? Speaking 
this passionate phrase so list- 

Truly the heroines are the 
three women of the Chorus, 
fascinating young feminists, 
who start off. in Marina 
Caldarone's imaginative di- 
rection. relishing Jason's im- 
minent punishment. As they 
become increasingly dis- 
mayed. the seductive smiles 
are" wiped away and the 
growth of their sorrow partly 
compensates for the lack of an 
equivalent growth elsewhere. 
They are played by Hazel 
Beck. Heather Brookman and 
Sue Glasser. and they are 

Jeremy Kingston 



Festival Hall 

A few months ago in these 
-columns 1 found myself re- 
viewing ihe same orchestra 
under (he same conductor, in 
the accompaniment of the 
same piano concerto — 
Chopin's No 2 in F minor, li is 
nice to be able lo report that, 
on this occasion, the Ro>al 
Philharmonic's approach to 
this supposedly dull stuff was 
just as fresh and alert as 

But this is not to say that 
one's alien I ion was anything 
oiher than totally held by the 
soloist. Bernard d’Ascoli. His 
identification with the piano 
pan was so complete that it 
was as if he had somehow- 
stepped inside the music, not 
so much addressing ii from 
the outside as speaking to us 
from within. The first 
movement's gentle second- 
subject tune found a perfect 
balance between naturalness 
and sophistication, and the 
ornamentation in the Larghct- 
to was exquisitely shaded 
without ever losing a sense of 
di reel i on. The finale was a 
remarkable exhibition: I have 
never heard its dancing cas- 
cades of notes sound less like 
trivial decoration and more 
like musical sense, with con- 
sistently beautiful piano tone 
even in the trickiest passages. 

Andrew Litton did not quite 
lei the wonderfully spacious 
lyrical paragraphs of Rach- 
maninov's Second Symphony 
breathe as easily as they want 
io - the introduction, for 
instance, did not grow con- 
vincingly from its shadowy 

beginnings - and he also had 
some curious ideas about 
orchestral balance (rampant 
horns throughout). But he had 
a knack of making things 
happen. The big climax to the 
first movement's develop- 
ment section was thrillingly 
brought off: and. similarly, his 
view of the build-up towards 
the crowning peroration of the 
entire work was differently 
conceived from what we usu- 
ally hear, and to my mind 
entirely right. 

Boih here and earlier, in the 
Force of Destiny Overture, the 
RPO were in their usual lively 
form, ihe strings especially 
relishing some or Verdi's nifti- 
er passagework. 

Malcolm Hayes 





ALDWYCHmiitK S3G 5404 37962331 

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fJiMuri- : tiIi M JifliS.'. ■ V ifnjSli 1 \ 


T m- i;ii PhjiiLn ir,i”: j.ij N -.v • ..-v.— 

A litu- c^ik-vd i.j-h'-ii r.iir for the nr.- r,r„; nyr.:: 
P '-‘: iregr: *<vir C3:jl.yir nul-irl. ftii-r 
’’ j. J '■n P?i>‘. Li-rfecJ-: V Efo. ’• OX ! • -0 

JkU, 'a*-* \x\jA 







HOw i/ KVi 


£12,345 - £15,166 (under review) 
including Inner London Weighting 

The Commission, which has a central role in relauon 
to museums and galleries throughout the United 
Kingdom, has recently been expanded to take on a 
number of new amnions and will shortly be incorpo- 
rated under a Ro>al Charter. 

This new post, pan of iu senior management team, 
will report 10 the Secretary (Mr. Peter Longman), and 
head the new financial and administrative unit- Re- 
sponsibilities include financial management of grant- 
in-aid of 15.9m. personnel, office administration, 
servicing the Commission's formal meetings and 
dealing with a number of specific projects on behalf 
of the Secretary. 

Applicants should have sound practical experience in 
these fields: a professional qualification in accountan- 
cy wuld be desirable, and previous work experience 
in a similar organisation would be useful. 

Other benefits include the Civil Service non-contrib- 
utory pension scheme. Starting salary will be 
according to age and experience. 

For application form and further details please 

Miss Jane Harvey 

Museums and Gallieries Commission 
2 Carlton Gardens 
London SWIY 5AA. 
(Telephone: 01-930 5S0S) 

Closing date: Monday 17th March, 

* . 1 , ■ 1 ' ' • • ' ' a ' '» r 

Innovative Engineers 

. . . illusionists on a grand scale 

The Flight crews that train on today's civil And military flight simulators 
experience an environment which realistically represents. actual operate 
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. book we are now looking to recruit additional engineers in the ^ 

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| MM SI Slig .- © ' 

Systems Design 

r ///HV\V 



...involving the design of Real-Time software systems which reproduce 
aircraft behaviour from initial definition through to programming and 

With the aim of encouraging growth of high technology en- 
terprises in the area, the Centre, which, comprises a number 

Software Design 

///I IWV 

involving the analysis, design, programming and testing ofRea^-Time 
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ofsnull high-qualitv well-serviced traits, is being built by 
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hmia- small enterimscs tn their earliest stage ofdt 

uh>ikuu vuiu; vwhiivii win ~yy 7 — 

house small enterprises in their earliest stage of development 

The Centre is sited an the campus of University College of 
North Wales so that occupants can benefit from the expertise 
and facilities which are available within the College. 

The Management Committee seeks an individual who will be 
responsible for the overall management and promotion of 
the Centre. Initially the manager's task will be to find entre- 
preneurial individuals/companies with concepts which can 

be transformed rata markcuh le products/ services using the 
expertise and resources of the College. 

The successful applicant will have a technical background 
with some business experience in product development and 
the needs of tbe market place, and should thus be able to act 
as a catalyst and business advisor guiding enterprises to 
successful commercial exploitation of the original concepts. 
The ability to communicate in Welsh is desirable and in 
English csscniiaL 

The appointment is for a three year period at a salary of not 
less than £1 5.000. Car allowance and assisted purchase laa li- 
nes are available together with relocation expenses where 
appropriate. Local Authority Conditions of Service will 

Application farms and farther particulars from the Reg- 
istrar. University College of North Wales. Bangor. 

Closing Date 17th Match, 1986. 

For either area you're likely to be educated to at least HNC/ 
HND or equivalent standard in a scientific/engineering 
discipline, and have relevant design experience in a 
state of the art environment Familiarity with 
ASSEMBLER /FORTRAN or other high level lan- 
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an advantage. 

There will be opportunities for 
short term travel abroad and 
vacancies currently exist at 

our CRAWLEY, BRIGHTON, and AYLESBURY locations. 

We offer competitive salaries which will reflect ability, ex- 
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• • . **• xr ; b*--, 2 r 

For further information please write with fall 
details or telephone far an application farm 
to John Cochrane, Personnel Manager, 
V Rediffusion Simulation Limited,. Gat- 

wick Road, Crawley, Sussex RKKJ 
2RL Teh (0293) 28811 


1-631 4411. 



Diners Qub Isa rapidly expanding financial 
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may be the only ones who can. 

Being unemployed when you're over 35 is 
no joke. You have always considered 
yourself hard working, successful and 
ambitious but after all the 'phone calls and 
unsuccessful interviews, it's fairly easy to 
start thinking that you really are 

At Chusid Lander we understand how you 
feel but more importantly, we know how to 
help you. We've been helping thousands of 
people like you for many years. 


Telephone us now to arrange a confidential 
personal assessment without obligation, or 
write to: The Administrator, 

35/37 Rtzroy Street, London W1 P 5AF, 
enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-5808771 MANCHESTER 061-2280089 

BSMMGHAM 021-6438102 NOTTINGHAM 094937911 

BRISTOL 027222387 GLASGOW 041-3321502 

BELFAST 0232621824 


Central London 

The merger of Chevron with Gulf has led to 
considerable expansion of our oil production and 
exploration activities in the North and Irish Seas. 

This growth and our commitment to 
remaining in the forefront of the industry have 
created opportunities for experienced professional 
staff within our headquarters organisation. 

This important role, within a large and busy 
tax team, principally invokes: 

Advising local operating management on all 
aspects of direct and indirect taxes as they 
affect upstream, downstream, and orher 
companies in the group. 

Providing technical support to the compliance 
group arid participating in negotiations with 

the Oil Taxation Office. 

The successful candidate will hav e gained 
experience in the accountancy profession or the 
Inland Revenue and should preferably be in his or 
her late 20s or early 30s. 

A i ery competitive salary will be offered 
commensurate with experience, and a first-class 
benefits package includes generous relocation 
assistance where appropriate. Significant career 



SncSpts 59 ®" 16111 structure of ^ Authorit y being changed radically to incorporate general management 

Four UNIT GENERAL MANAGERS will be appointed to the District Mananement RnnrH ■■ 

directly to the Dislrict General Manager (Mr jack Ume) management BoanJ. each responding 






1. Acute Hospitals 

£20 m 



2. Queen Victoria Hospital 




3. Mental Handicap 




4. Community 




Sala ry H aug e 

£21111 -£27111-? 
£15076- £21076* 
£18926 - £24926 
£18213- £24213* 

T. wu.mi. unity tom 269 £18213- 

Salaries negotiable within range depending on present status 

Applications are sought from candidates either in the public or private sector; or from any NHS discipline 

Conditions of Service 

The appointments will be on a three year fixed term contract, renewable by mutual agreement 
mS'appfopfiaTe^ 6 ^ " 3COO,lianCe "* h Pubfehed 9““"^ Part-time clinical work may be. 

Appflcants should submit a fug C.V. 
they can contribute to effective ma 

Mr. G. N. Davies, District Personnel Officer, Tunbridge Weils Health Authority Sherwnnri Pari* r, 

Tunbridge Weils, Kent TN 2 3QE. (Tel. (0892) 33811 exL 291). y, ™ 3 ° dPark - PemburyRoad. 

development opportunities e\isL 
Please send full cv. indudint 

Please send full cv. including details af current 
salary, in strict confidence, to Marv Gilfiiian. 
Human Resources Depan ment. Chevron 
Petroleum (UKj Limited. 3 Wigmorc Street 
London VV 1 H **AA. Telephone: 01-487 8246. 


if you an an amsmoua mi. 
mk*™ w alMwl IMnalt 
Brad lump tootling for a rasponst- 

Hc sanad tub with career i 
WOtpecM n#r» is your ehanrw . 
You will n*ed poaih, rnitmu- 1 
mcalkm okKU and an aoraud* 
for pueme reuucm. and dw 
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training ghen. Good CV lo 
BOX D1 7 

JOH M THE AIK <Erep Agyi 

Boys Olrh ia» lo work m ho- 
lm in famous Alpine mom 
from Baxter on- Lana hours and 
i ery turn work bur mod pay 
and conditions. Knowledge of 
French Carman and or note! 
nnrrlcner laluaDle Send 
S A E P.O Bo* 388. London 

A UNIQUE BALES training ron- 
suuanrv roqulres Miepnone 

uln proxir Experience an ad- 

i antage out noi exmlia. 
Salary drea £8 OOO tn, i 
£11.000 01-388 1230 Sylvia ' 

ANCNTECT £309 F* »0 weeks 
Pius, immediate start. .Worth 
Lenungion. «HO 

ema ofiie. 

Oats work wiu Be carted, cons- 
pradng of a 40 hour week and 

Wtu commence Md M -end 
April. AnpHcants mat hoM a 
current UK artvino Hconce. Ap- 
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legal appoevtnents 

TOWtc rec entry onaUfled toim - 
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“wpisan PntxWaUttmfent . 

Voodoo AWi . 

EXPORT MAMAen reiruhred for 
Men London wholesaler of 
jainuM-w roods. Experience m 
this (leu and an ahuuy to raeah 
and write Japanese Is essential. 
Excettem salary and cocidltton*. 
TeL Mr TakahasM Oi -607 

a utred for rentals ortK* of 
Holland Park firm snedalMno 
tn London and ctmiry nous* 
Ktunos. Petal 01-291 1404 . 

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■fob ExceUrat sow and Mt* 

ncr^ge Apply to Mr P 
J522f’ T Mention* "OldlT 


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:i*. i ' s f*** 3 * *s determined by its Royal Charter. 

t* ; ^SSSSS^SS^ “ endUrin S und^^ding and 
- 2 --iS^Sf W J rf ?^ t * m ovcrseas * through cultural 
$ • I-' and cooperaUon^La developing 

1116 workisin the form *feduca£onL 
.auL^ieoomtcil is represented in eighty-two countries 

“S has a ^ of 4^00. Thlannual budget, 

?f d programmes administered on 

/ J; AppBcants should have substantial administrative - 

• .; ^PC^^cei independence of mind combined with a 

, #- . w Itmgness and ability to speak for the Council to 
;; • v OT within Whitehall, the ability to estai^ 

> • ash relations of mutual confidence with Government 
* : 2 departments, organizations and individuals with whom 

. ^ .the Council works, both at home' and overseas, and a 

' # ‘ ■ wide knowledge of British culture. The post involves 
0 extensive travel. 

• l The anointment will be for an initial period of five 

. years. The normal retirement age for senior Council 
m ®t a ff j s 60 - Thesalaiy of the post is equated toand 
^ kept in line with that of a Second Bennanent Secretary 

• in the Civil Service, which is currently £55,000 a year. 

The closing date for applications is Friday 2 May 1986. 

For further details and an application form, please 

• write to the Secretary, The British Council, 10 Spring 

• ..Gardens, London SW1A 2BN, marking the envelope 

• ‘DG*. 

P ^ f !■ 

'•ooeoot rrri ■ 
dtoeoeo I 110 

SSSJSSS British 
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T hough majsty in the city would have you believe 

otherwise, the plain fact is that you don't have to workin.- 
the City to forge a successful career as a City accountant. 

You'll find no better proof than in the rapid growth that we 
at Creasey s Have enjoyed over recent years. Overfire past 
decade we have more than doubled our Staffn umbers while 
the number of partners has increased from eight to eighteen. 

• This growthhasheen due in large part to our consistent , 

- ability*© altta^^tyassagnments. WiSrl5 pu bficissues to - 
. ourcredit we'Te amongBiitain's leading reporting 
accountants. And we're also strong on public company audit 
work. . . 

Because of our fast expansion we have opportunities in all 
our officesfor newly qualified accountants. We want people 
who are lookingfor challenge and quickly increasing 

If you fit the bill, we are prepared to offer you a salary 
that's fully competitive with the best that's obtainable in 
Central London, and are also able to lay on comprehensive 
in-house training. In short, your prospects would be every 
bit as good as with any City or WestEnd firm. 

Yet our offices in Chatham, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge and 
T unbridge Wells are located dose to some of die South-East's 
most beautiful countryside in the Garden of England. With • 
the Downs, Medway and south coast oh your doorstep you'll 
find plenty of oppoftimites for sporting and other leisure 
activities while the amenities of London arenot far away. 

Apart from in vestigation and audit work we currently 
have opportunities for newly qualified^ in. the general 

E ractice, consulting,computer and taxation areas. If you'd 
ke to opt out of the rat race and enhance your career at foe 
same time, why not get in touch with us. Writeto Ian * 
Campbell at Creasey Son & Wickenden, . A ./T 

1 East Street, Tonbridge, Kent. Or phone 
him on 0732-365231. / Sf'Bsfei 

Creasey Son & Wiidcenden 
Chatham/Seven oaks/Tunbridge W eils/To nbri d ge 






1 Owi from , sart to. aSSi 

■ w* be me mjtnbfnfs resporeai&y to M SdnStw a 
«• target markets, rasutanert w Speetfst siaff, and prowMB me oww jxhkj cnowwii u* . 

Works Director 

Exhibition Industry 

; c£t8,000 + car 

My dients design and manufacture high quality exhibition 
stands and arc seeking a Director to control the product! on 
of a team of craftsmen, mostly carpenters, engaged on 
prestigious jobbing work. This is an image-conscious 
industry with a premium on quality. Another critical area 
will be operational planning to minimise wastage of time 
and materials. Candidates, ideally aged 30-40. should have 
experience of a quality production environment and the 
ability to motivate ana lead a workforce. Assistance will be 
riven with relocation expenses. 

Send fail cv to: Richard Downes, PER, Management 
Selection Division, 53 West Street. Brighton BN 1 2RL. 

Divisional Business 
Development Manager 

Paper & Converted 

Products Division gELanes 

This is a major, expanding division of the successful J Bibby 
&Sons pic Industrial Group, operating several profit 
centres m the papermaking, paper and foil lamination and 
converting sec tors. An experienced senior executive is 
required whose main task is to conduct in-depth business 
analysis studies and identify profitable potential business 
growth opportunities across the several operations. 
Reporting to the Divisional Chief Executive vou will work 
in close liaison with each of the profit centre managers. 
Preferably 30 to 45 years of age and educated to graduate 
or equivalent level. A strong commercial and marketing 
bias supported by a previous track record of achievement 
ooi necessarily gained in the paper or converting sector is 
sought. We can offer a comperiuve salary, company car and 
the kind of benefits package associated with a la ige and 
i successful company If you have the necessary experience 
to succeed in this challenging role, 

Please write enclosing fui I career details to: 

Mr J A Benjamin, Director of Personnel, 

J Bibby & Sons pic, 

Yealand House. Yealand Convers, 

Carnforth, Lancashire La5 9SF. 

Export Sales Executive 

Auto Accessories 

c£ 19,000 North London based 

We arc brand leaders in the motor acccssorv field with a 
reputation lor quality, innen ation and strong technical 
suppoa Over half our production is exported. Our strategy 
is projected on a market h> market approach and we now 
seek to appoint an executive to be responsible forOE and 
the aftermarket in Scandinavia. Candidate* will need to 
haw experience in export sales to maw merchandisers and 
the motor industry and will have contnhuied to market and 
product strategy. Business command of a Scandinavian 
language is required as is high stamina and perseverance, it 
is anticipated thai the suect^sful applicant will live within 
commuting distance of our base in Tottenham. North 
London. A basic salary of £ 15.000 will be supplemented by 
a performance related bonus designed to increase this 
figure by 50"<v Benefits include company car and after 
qualifying period, assistance with healthcare, retirement 
benefits and free life assu ranee. 

Please write with career details to: F G Corderv, Personnel 
Manager. Cannon Rubber Ltd. Ashley Road. London N 17. 
Teh (01 1808 6261. ‘ 

Mechanical Engineers 

" Wiltshire 

%*.'■- SgvT j- •' 


babUBB 2d a ji*i» and proor es stva wvuuonwa. 

At tatoms m Kokcadons should to made by to 

: Services/Systems Manager 

• £12,000+ & car Liphook, Hants 

A leading L fbree in the engineering insu ranee industry seek 
an enthusiastic Services and Systems Manager to control 
their office services division, pi ay an active role in the 
formulation and implementation of systems development 
for the whole company, and fulfil the role of Training 
Officer. Applicants will have a proven ability to manage 
staff, probably a good business degree with a bias towards 
computerised systems or management services and ideally 
sevne experience of organising (raining programmes. 
Attractive benefits package includes company car and free 
permanent health and life insurance. 

Coatact: Pauline Morgan. PER. 62-6-1 High Street, 
Southampton S092EG. Teh (0703) 38211. 

•: I » . ■ ■ HJ I I ■ ■ ■■ I ■«! >■ n M ■ U 

Offshore Support Engineer 

Attractive package Southborough, Kent 

. Supplieisof quality control and navigational software to 

■ support offshore oil industries, require an Electronics 
Engineer. Responsible for intallation, commissioning and 
recovery, a perceniageof your time wifl be spent offshore. 

. You will also be involved with product design and 
development. Electronics graduate ideally should have 
experience of peripheral control and data communications 
in an industrial process control or related environment. 
Used to working independently, good communication 
. skills are essential. The package offered includes BUPA, 
contributory' pension and generous allowances. 

■ Send cv to: Mr L Fisher, HSI Limited, Survey House, - 
690 London Road. Southborough. Tunbridge Wells, Kent. 

Sales Consultant 

N E London 

' Ethicon Limited is the world’s leading supplier of surgical 
suture products primarty concerned with wound closure. 

: Pan of Johnson & Johnson and represented in 53 countries 
worldwide, we have always made the pursuit of excellence 
. an objective in our business. We are now looking for an 
. experienced individual with the motivation ana ability to 
hap maintain our high standards. You will be responsible 
. for attaining volume targets on existing products and on 
new producis/promotions. This involves maintaining 
. regular sales contacts, preparing and conducting sales 
\ presentations, and relating appropriate field sales data to 
the divisional office and technical data to product 
. development in head office at Edinburgh. This sales role is 
more akin to that of an adviser -discussing the fine rppints 
of our products with surgeons, theatre staff and supplies 
departments. Ideally aged 23-35, you will preferably have 

experience of selling to the medical field, and the capacity 
to communicate to a variety of people at a senior level For 
the right person this essentially ‘human' work is engrossing 
. and extremely satisfying. An attractive basic salary is 
augmented by a company car. commission, expenses, 
pension. BUPA and tree life assurance schemes. 

Apply in writing quoting reference SC/386, stating age, 
qualm cations, experience and present salary to: 

R F Cunningham. Eosmtoyee Resourcing Manager, 

Ethicon Limited, PO Box 408, Bankhead Avenue, 
Edinburgh EH 11 4HE. 

Senior Design Engineer 

Negotiable salary Sussex 

Mv client specialises in the design and manufacture of 
special-purpose electronic test equipment You will be 
responsible forc3ch project from the original technical 
negotiations and design, to installation. Switch mode pqw er 
supply engineering experience is essential as is familiarity 
with MOD requirements. An excellent salary package is 
available for the right candidate. 

Send foil cv to: H\Tda Mounsey, PER, 53 West Street. 
Brighton BN 1 2ftL. 

£20,000 + P.A. 


A British company with a well established 
existing product range in O.T.C medicine 
and other fist moving consumer pharmacy 
brands, requires agents to represent them 
in the following geographical areas: 
West/Central London; North East UK and 
North West UK. Genuine potential in- 
come of £20,000 + p-a. reply in first 
instance by phoning; 

international aero pace and delence industries, t tus 
success has created the need for hich-calibre engineers with 
good communication and problem solving skills in a 
systems engineering environment to strengthen the existing 
mechanical engineering team. 

Principal Mechanical Engineer 

Reporting to. and deputising for. the Chief Mechanical 
Engineer he or she will leadthe mechanical engineering 
team, providing broad-based engineering guidance ana 
taking the lead'role during design and dc\ ciopmcm. 
Preparation of proposals!" costings, overall programme 
management and customer liaison arc also essential 
elements of this key position. The successful candidate will 
have at least ten years' practical design development 
experience, with a minimum of five years' in aerospace and 
defence, and three tears' in a project or team leadership role. 

Project Engineers 

As pari of the mechanical engineering team. Project 
Engineers supervise specific projectC controlling technical 
financial and nmc-scale aspects, and providing input to 
project proposals. Liaison with QA. production and the 
customer is an important factor in the formulation of 
specifications and cost-effective desists. Successful 
applicants will have at least five years' practical design and 
development experience, pi as a" minimum of three years' 
project involvement in aerospace and defence. 

Ideal candidates for all positions will be Chartered 
Engineers with a degree or HND in mechanical 
engineering. Based at Corsham in Wiltshire, in attractive 
countryside close to Bath. Bristol and theCotswolds. these 
positions carry excellent salaries and benefits, with 

Applicants should write enclosing fall career and salary 
derails to: Louise Oveiy. Personnel Officer. Honeywell 
Aerospace and Defence. Lcafield Trading Estate, 
Corsham, Tagether.wecanf hxtH i tJiu w eis. 

aJSISs. Honeywell 
RPG Analyst Programmer 

c£12,000 + relocation Norwich 

Hcairae Sadia, pan of Valor pic. is the country's leading 
manufacturer or quality electric water heaters’ and showers. 
Our plans for expansion and improvement recognise the 
essential contribution of computer systems to many areas 
of our activities. Wc currently have an IBM System 38 
Model 1 8 running a variety of manufacturing and financial 
systems, linked to other locations. We wish to recruit an 
Analyst Programmer with responsibility to our Computer 

experience of manufacturing systems with knowledge of 
MAAPICS-training provided if necessary. Interested? 
Phone: Geoff Sankey on (0603) 45496 during normal 
working hours or on (0603) 714604 at any other 
reasonable time. Alternatively send fall cv to: Heatrae Sadia 
Heating Limited, Hurricane Way, Norwich NK6 6 LA. 

Instrument Engineer 

Attractive salary + car 

Moore Barren & Redwood Ltd. pan of the successful 
International SGS Group, now require an Instrument 
Engineer for assignment overseas. Following a six month 
training course iri specialised measurement your 
responsibilities will include field work, business 
development, staff naming and project profitability. 
Candidates should be graduates aged 28-40. with at least 
three vears" experience, preferably gained overseas in 
petroleum measurement. 

Send fall cv to: Roger Horrex. Personnel Manager. 

Moore Barrett & Redwood Ltd. 

Rossclifle Road, Ellesmere Port. 

South Wirral L65 3AS, j k 
or let (05 1)355 4931 
for an application form. 

Metal Marketing Executive 

£10,500-£1L500 + benefits C London based 

The sales organisa tion of a major Canadian mining 
company is seeking a graduate to train for and fill an 
important position within a marketing department. 

Wbrkine in a small team under the supervision of a 
Marketing Director, you will be involved in contract 
administration, production scheduling, shipping 
arrangements, and will eradually increase contact with 
customers throughout Europe. Aged in your early 20 s you 
will have good communication skills, a command of 
German and will have had some commercial experience. 
Career progression would involve regular trawl w ithin 
Europe, where you would be dealing with clients at a senior 
level. In return wc offera starting salary of £ 10.500- 
El 1.500, BUPA after a qualifying period and a prestige 
working environment. 

Send full cv to: Richard Miller, PER, 4th Floor, 

Rex House, 4-12 Regent Street, London SWT Y 4PP. 


For ifrerjc* burton information 


•pbenr uMaulOl 1 2M6ZMar*ri<«tD 
VHH PEX.lEPlFTUi><IiMfl 2-< FiBttiKfBD <,«<<. I -UH. 

Project Engfoeer 

To £16,000 Portsmouth 

Della Technical Services Ltd is a growing company 
engaged in the design, manufacture and vupply of advanced 
mini/ micro compuler based systems. Our products include 
hydrant refuelling equipment, telemeirv and process 
control systems. Continuing expansion has generated a 
new position as Project Engineer. The successful candidate 
will be required to provide technical back-up to sales and 
marketing, take overall responsibility for projects from 
initial concept to handover, including technical definition, 
budgeting control and customer liaison. Proven project 
control and technical supervisory skills are essential and 
applicants are required to have an honours degree and 
sev eral years relevant experience. 

Candidates should telephone for an application form or 
apply in writing to: Ruth Heath. Delta Technical Services 
Limited, Asser House. Airport Service Road. 

Portsmouth PQ3 5RA.Tetephone(0705) f»97321. 

Sales Engineer 

Specialist Materials 

c£ 12.000+ car + benefits UK 

Wc are a successful, expanding UK electronics company 
supplying specialist materials to electronic rube, vacuum 
and semiconductor manufacturers. 7b boost fa rare success 
we seek someone with detailed know ledge of refractory 
metals and ceramics, precision rolled machined products, 
assemblies, components or other related areas to service 
and increase our client base. HNC decree level 
qualification useful, not essential, but flair for customer 
liaison is most important. 

Send fall cv to: Linda Jones. Safes Manager. Wairoore 
Electronics, Laser House, 132-140 Goswell Road. 

London EC! V7LE. 

Sales Representative 

Attractive salary + car 

North West 

Pan of the successful Tarmac Group. Tarmac Roads! one 
Ltd is a market leader in the quarry utu and road surfacing 
industry. Based at Chdfoid. vou will effectively service 
existing customers and develop new business fn a 
demanding but interesting sales environment. Ambitious 
and sell motivated you must have selling ability and a high 
degree of ininative.’Experience of selling sand and gravel 
within the construction industry wrould be advantageous. 
Large company fringe benefits can be expected. 

Please send full cv ( with salary derails) to: Miss C M 
Lovegrove. Personnel Officer! Tarmac Roadstone Ltd 
Western. Whitehall House. Whitehall Road. Halesowen, 
West Midlands B63 3LE. Tel: <02 1 ) 550 4797. 

ifr ^£S51iill6 Quarry Products 

Quotations Manager 

c£ 12,000 Middlesex 

Operating in a complex and demanding business 
environment my client is a highly successful distributor of 
electronic T & M and production equipment to Eastern 
Europe. With a turnover around £ 10 million, and growing, 
a Quotations Manager is now required to provide strong 
technical and commercial support to the systems sales “ 
force by ci.wnpilinc quotations and maintaining buy and sell 
price data. A good communicator, with a sound technical 
"rasp of electronic systems, you should also understand the 
Taclon, involved in capital equipment sales. 

Contact: Magnus Henderson. PER. 12 a Commercial Wav. 
Woking. Surrey GU2 1 l HG. Tek (04862) 20003. 

Electrical Engineer 

Negotiable salary ' South Lakeland 

The papermill of Henry Cooke Limited, a subsidiary of 
J Bibby & Sons pic is midway between Kendal and 
Lancaster on the edge of the’ Lake District National Park. 
For a number of years, the company has fallowed a policy 
of continually upgrading the mill with an average annual ' 

3 iial budget in excess of £ I million. The equipment at the 
ranges from instrumentation to I5UHPDC and 3U0 
HP ACtlrivcs and a large distribution swem. Wc wish to 
arooint an electricai engineer who will be responsible to 
the Engineering Manager both for routine maintenance 
and for the installation ol new equipment including 
electronic instrumental ion and process control. 

Candidates for this position must have at Icasi HND with 
extensive industrial experience, ideally with modem 
process control systems and instrumentation. In addition to 
an attractive remuneration package, relocation expenses 
will be paid where appropriate. Il'vou are looking tor a 
responsible position which would give opponumties to 
earn broad experience. 

Please send your cv explaining why you believe that you 
can make a contribution to the engineering work of the mill 
to: Graham Williams. 

Divisional Personnel Manager. 

J Bibby & Sons pic. 

Crossfield. Norwich St, 

Rochdale OL 1 1 1LP. 

Administration Managers 


Mecca Entertainment, leaders in the rapidlv expanding 
leisure market, are seeking Administration Managers to 
play a major part in the management and future 
development of some of their most exciting entertainments 
venues. Each isa significant role within a new management 
structure, involving the control of all aspects of 
administration and costs, as well as providing advice and 
guidance on financial planning, forecasting and staffing 
revels, and supervising the implementation of micro- 
computer systems. II you're young, exin nert and energetic, 
and you cati combine a haok’crouiid in financial 
administration with a forma faccouniancv training, here's 
your opportunity to expand into general management 
within a fast- moving and successful organisation, in a role 
commanding an attractive salary togeiner with an excellent ; 
range of large company benefits. 

Please w rite, enclosing comprehensive cv to: Joanna 
Farrelly, Personnel and Training Manager. 

Mecca Entertainment. 

sr* fit 

London w 6. Mecca Entertaevnent 

Senior VAT Consultants 

Salary up to £ 25 , 000 + Car 

Atcttand. New Zealand. iW» mT&S&i 
■West Plata Bwtt&g, AocktssL New Zetfand. 

.+;v+-^ . 


Peter Hughes 

Tridas Sales& Marketing Consultants Ltd 
Recnntmeiit Division om 
Marlow (06284) 75204 




With potential for growth and improvement 
requires self motivated manager to rake over 
all aspects of running the business. Excellent 
opportunities for a long term career. 

Please send fill! CV to BOX C58. 

We have recently formed an 
International Trade Group, an 
experienced team of tax partners 
and consultants, which provides 
integrated tax services to clients in 
the fields of VAT Customs & Excise 
Duties, and fritemationa! and US 
Expatriate taxation. This exciting 
development within a large 
international accountancy practice 
has created further challenging 
career opportunities for senior 
VAT specialists. 

You should have either HM 
Customs & Excise training and 
experience, at HE0 or SEO grade, 

or an accountancy or legal 
qualification. Successfri candidates 
will have already gained substantial 
VAT experience, wide practical 
knowledge of the retevart legislation 
and must have the ability to commu- 
nicate with senior management. 

You will be responsible for 
consultancy assignments for clients 
ranging from large international 
companies to small businesses. 

You will be expected to liaise 
extensively with other parts of the 
PW practice and to demonstrate 
initiative and a keen sense of 
business awareness. 

Candidates, likely to be aged about 
30, will be offered an attractive 
salary, a car and other benefits. 
Prospects tor further promotion are 
excellent. The positions are based 
in London and. where appropriate, 
relocation expenses will be paid. . 

Please write, in confidence, with 
detailed CV to: 

John R Townend, 

Price Waterhouse, 

Southwark Towers, 

32 London Bridge Street. 

London SE19SY 


Price Jfaterhouse 


Outs tandin g Systems Professionals 
for IT Strategy Work 

A.T. Kearney b one of the leading international management consulting firms 
and is judged by many people to be THE strategic IT consultants. Our work in 
this area b essentially business based and we aim to help our clients to secure a 
competitive advantage by being ahead ot the field in their use ol information 

We are looking for exceptional young managers or consultants to join our IT 
Strategy Group. They must have a successful record of developing and 
implementing management systems in complex and challenging environments. 

Successful applicants will have most of the following attributes. 

• Experience in IT management. 

• Demonstrable crack record in IT development/implementation. 

• Good academic record and a numerate degree. 

• Understanding of business. 

• Willingness to contribute to the growth ot the Firm. 

• Aged between 28 and 35. 

If you meet our exacting requirements, the remuneration package should not be 
a problem. If you want to link your success with ours, please contact: 

Glye Hodson, Director, A.T. Kearney Limited, 

134 Piccadilly. London W1V 9FJ. Telephone 01-499 7181. 


Accountants for 

Man a g em ent Consultancy 


Salary to £25,000 + car 

We are one of the leading international 
management consultancies: we are now- 
looking for further first class consultants 
and analysts for our financial 
management practice in the UK and 

For consultant positions, successful 
candidates will be qualified accountants 
aged 28 to 35, with an honours degree, 
who can demonstrate proven 
achievement in industry or commerce. 
Experience must include responsibility 
for systems development as well as line 
management in the finance function. 
Personal qualities will include the ability 
to communicate clearly both orally and 

in writing. 

For analyst positions we are interested in 
hearing from less experienced people 
over 26 who otherwise meet the profile 
indicated above. 

We offer outstanding opportunities to 
broaden your experience in a wide 

variety of industries and to work with 
stimulating colleagues from a number of 
disciplines. There are excellent 
opportunities for promotion within Peat 
Marwick for those who wish to pursue a 
career in consultancy. Of particular 
interest to us at the moment are people 
with experience of the manufacturing, 
retail, distribution and oil industries, or 
of treasury management. 

If you are interested in joining our 
London office and working with us in 
the UK or oxerseas, please write in 
confidence, enclosing a brief summary 
of your qualifications and experience, 
and quoting reference A / 'At A/86, to Mike 
Coney at Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., 

1 Puddle Dock, Bladcfriars, London 




EMD 13 appointments 

TFLEVKIOM We now need a Reporter to join our team covering the South 

■ Cnnlnrvf Oi ir mnin ninhHif ra ilni if ie 7/\Wowanri tlrtii 

iirS\mrcn of England. Our main nightly output is South Today an6 you 
REPORTER will also cover news stohesm the area for the S/xO'C/ock 

£14,786 — £20,043** 

News, the Nine OX^iock News and BreakfastTime. 

You will need to be a journalist with newspaper or 
broadcasting experience — current driving licence essential. 
Initially one year contract (Ref.7235/T) 



Radio WM 

(Based Birmingham) 

Radio Lancashire 
(Based Blackburn) 

Opportunities with two leading BBC Local Radio stations: 
BBC Radio WM, which serves the West Midlands, one erf toe 
busiest news areas in the country, and BBC Radio 

Joining toe newsroom teams working primarily on toe 
preparation and production of the stations’ news output and 
current affairs programmes, you will be involved in 
newsreading, interviewing and reporting. In addition, you 
may also produce feature programmes and take part in 

announcing duties. 
For both positia 

£9,916 — £14,024* 

For both positions, you will need journalistic experience at 
sub-editor or reporter level and a good microphone voice — 
current driving licence essential. 

Radio WM (Birmingham) (Ref. 9283/T 
Radio Lancashire (Blackburn) (Ref. 9313/T 

** Plus aflowaneeof £971 p.a. 

We are an equal Relocation expenses considered for pe r m a nent post s , 

opportunities employer 

TeL 01-9275799. 



Established 22 years ago. Egon Zehnder is 
a leading international firm with 22 
offices in 16 countries. Research plays a 
vital part in the functions of the London 
office. Working with nine consultants, the 
Research Manager will be responsible for 
a forward-thinking department which has 
a reputation for die quality of its results in 
a demanding and fast paced environment. 

Our present Research Manager is leaving 
at the end of April after five years with the 
firm. We consider this appointment to be 
of prime importance as it is an integral part 
of all the services we provide. The 
principal responsibility is to direct the 
research in support of individual search 

assignments, as well as the international 
merger and acquisitions practice. 

Several years* experience in a similar 
management consultancy is essential, 
though other relevant backgrounds could 
be considered. A knowledge of persona] 
computer systems, preferably IBM. is 

The working environment is very 
stimulating and the remuneration would 
be highly attractive to appropriately 
qualified candidates. Please telephone the 
Managing Partner on 01-930 9311 (office 
hours) or write in complete confidence to 
Egon Zehnder International , 87 Jermyn 
Street, London SW1Y 6JD. 

Egon Zehnder International 

T . . - - ..a* 

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.ieixt . J.V.X • 

You may have some preconceived ideas 
that working m the financial sector would be 
uninspiring or im challenging. 

Let us tell you now, what we at Citicorp 
Investment Bank’s Technology Division - IPS 
work on, is very much to the. contrary As 
pioneers in the banking software market, we 
need only describe an example to show exactly 
what we mean. 


Since the inception of the Euronote. 
Citicorp has been arranging multi-billion 
dollar transactions for major corporations, 
srate agencies and Governments in this 
rapidly expanding market. Basically Euronotes 
are innovative forms of short term securities. 

Wien the market started to really take off 
two years ago, Citicorp saw a unique opportun- 
ity for technology to lend a hand. 



Barclays Bank PLC require a Chartered 
Engineer to take up the post of Engineering 
Manager in its Property Services Depart- 
ment-South Regional Office, based in 

The successful applicant will be a 
corporate-member of one of the major 
engineering institutions. Ideally, they will 
have served an engineering apprenticeship 
followed by design experience, operation 
and maintenance of building engineering 
services coupled with Managerial expertise. 

The duties will include conceptual 
design of the engineering content of major 
projects and detail design of smaller ones, 
the vetting of engineering designs and 
drawings prepared by others, briefing of 
consultants, engineering project manage- 
ment and control of subordinate staff 
engaged in the operation and maintenance 
of engineering services in a group of build- 
ings for which the job holder will hold 
overall responsibility. 

Salary will commence at £16,052 per 
annum and is subject to annual review. 
Additionally, sin annual bonus is payable 
and there is a wide range of benefits 
including non-contributory pension 
scheme, profit sharing and a special 
housing loan facilities scheme, after a 
qualifying period. 

Application, giving details of qualifi- 
cations and experience, should be made to: 

Mr P W Cooper 
Head of Personnel and. 
Property Services Department 
Barclays Bank PLC 
Britannia House 
16/17 Old Bailey 


— ins. ^ 


We quickly defined an astonishingly 
sophisticated software system, which could 
process bids from large numbers of organisa- 
tions enabling us to complete a transaction 
within hours rather than days. 

Technology helped build our reputation 
for speed and precision. In October last year 
Euromoney magazine voted Citicorp the most 
professional arranger of Euronotes. By the end 
of the year we were marker leader. . - “ 

But the point is dwt our pre-eminence de- ' 
pends to a large extenron the software systems 
we develop to support this market. ; .. ’. 


To this end we.. need people whir can ’ 
analyse our clients’ requirements and identify . 
scope for improvement, but also communicate 
These to our systems staff who can then develop 

We are looking for more such analytical 
minds-. Men and women,, probably from the 
financial world, who must have evidence of 
acute analytical experience and some know- 
ledge of compu ter software principles. 

- Depending on experience, expertise and 
level of . responsibility, salary packages will 
range from £20.000 to £30.000 or more Ben- 
efitp'ean include low cost mortgage. n.m- 
cimrriWtrtiy pension, personal loan and car. 

To ©ye you a detailed description of the 
job andexpetience we need, wie have prepared 
aninfomiation folder which you can receive by 
ringing 01-935 946L Or. if you prefer, send a 
.summaty ofanalytical experience to GP Moss, 
IPS Division, Citicorp Investment Bank Ltd, 
335 Strand,PO Box 78.London WC2 8HB. 

Citicorp Investment Bank. We’re doing 
more in financial computing than you’d ever 







I - si? T? I V. Jm3 

* * 

i--.- v * ■ -v*- ■ 


? L " *1% 

'rt** 1 i- ifc 

Rial Omani 8,436 p.a. 
Married Status 

★ A prodigious Government organisation in 
an attractive Gulf location requires the 
f ollowrhg staff. Both positions carry the rank of 

Horsemaster and Riding Instructor 

IdeaDy aged 30-50 and homing BHSI or 
equivalent minimum, appheants must have at 
least 10 years experience in asimilair capacity. 
This position requires a thorough knowledge 
of horse and stable management and the 
ability to take charge of a large number of 
horses. Responsibilities Include the breaking 
and training of horses arid the instruction ot 
riders of varying ages to a very high standard 
of horsemanship. 

Ceremonial Officer 

Candidates should be aged 30-50 and 
possess at least 10 years experience of 
ceremonial duties, ideally gained in a position 
of command within a military establishment. 
The successful applicant must demonstrate a 
proven record in all aspects of horse, and 
stable management and have the ability to 
take charge of a large number eif horses and 
train them and their nders to a high standard 
for ceremonial duties. ’ 

The Mtiinr Society, rounded in 1736. > divene and octree 
Charity, operate* a lilmj aenke far merchant ahipa. and 
correspondence courses and general advice for profoaioml 
seafarers. It al»o often adiver 10 youop persona on sea 
careens, and aupport* maritime youth organisation#. The 
society aov wishes u> appoint an A d ministr at i on Officer 
who will be responsible u> the General Se cr et ar y far the 
accounting and adminatnrion screw e* of the Society. The 
ideal candidate will be between 25 and 45 yea rn of aye. have 
an accountancy qualification or ronardrrahle accountancy 
experience, previous service in the Royal Merchant Nariea 
or in a maritime organisation, and be wiLiina ® accept 
neaponaibilhy. The ri^bi person will find the work of the 
Society Mandating and weQ worthwhile. 


Salary m nepotiabir in the region of £1 2,000 p^. and will 
be reviewed- annually. There is a supplem en tary voluntary 
pen si on scheme. 

uUmated. pimr telephone or trrne to: 

The Secretary • • 

202 Lambeth Road, London SE1 7JW 

. . .. (TeL 01-361 9S3SI 
■The chuinj dale for applicants U 3]tt March, 1986. 

LONDONc £19,000 + GAR 

* Both positions offer a competitive tax free 
salary and highly atiractive benefits including: 
free furnished accommodation, transport 
provided for o ffi cia l use. married status a tier a 
probationary period cri 3 months, free medical . 
care and 60 days paid leave per annum. 

* Please telephone Tom Jefferies or write m 
strict confidence to the address below quoting 
reference PA954/TT . 

Brent Walker Holdings, a well-estab- 
lished widely based. PLC in the 
leisure industry, invites applications 
from high calibre Chartered Secretar- : 
ies with proven experience in a fast 
moving commercial environment. 

> -■’fift.-i.- > 

Obbaytiald Hem. OurlMt Lana. 

PMMn B«, Hm £M6 TAB, SgW. 

Reporting to Group Managing Direc- 
tor accountability will be for all legal 
and secretarial matters, pensions and 
insurance. Opportunity to contribute 
to the general management of the 
Group and its subsidiaries: 

M a Mw g denars Bor iStD 07W) 42406. 
Wtac 2V9MB A jhbor G. 

^>-^8 fiee,UI^men, Conswf,wus “ UX iOverjem 

or good 'A’ levels 


We wmh with presiqiom companies who seek yousx 
and dynamic sales entruii*e&. Vtw must be under. 30 





and dynamic sales nnnii«eL *tw must be under. 30 
wnh it teal A mnniti* euynme in a commercial 
uHc-Siles or field sales -ri' i^mmcnL Rewards include 
a high base salan/ rtunmnsim plus car. Fusi 
class lraining and career oc-ctupaienl pr o spects. 

For immediate considerathTo 
call or send C.V. io- 
Ltnasry.Kcnte or 
Bemadcnc Uufey. 

Appointments Continue 
■ on 

Pages 26, 27 & 28 


US dollar 
1.4540 (- 0 . 0075 ) 

W German marie 

- 3:2773 (+ 0 . 0591 ) 


- 73.7 (+ 0 . 4 ) * 

't;. X-- 

- - r? :r ; : 

.V.i- * Jr \- 

Loan plea 

Argentina is - almost certain 
to seek a new International 
Monetary Fund loan pro- 
gramme to replace the SI. 42 
billion special drawing rights 
standby loan which expires on 
March 31. 

£10m issue 

Glass Glover . Group, the 
lood distributer, is raising £10 
millioii by an issue '-of 10 
million 6Vi per cent stock, 
convertible into ordinary 
shares between 1990and2000 
on a one-for-ihree basis. 

Bid response 

McKechnie Brothers’ offer 
for the whole . of the issued 
share . capital of Newman 
Tonks has been accepted for 

876.756 ordinary shares (2 per 
cent) at the first dosing dale. 
McKechnie holds or has re- 
ceived acceptances for 

7.526.756 shares (16.9 per 
cent). • 

Dalgety chief 

Sir Peter Carey is to become 
chairman of Dalgety. the m- 
temational merchants, on July 
1. when Mr David Donne 
retires. Sir Peter win serve as 
. deputy chairman until then. 

Offer success 

Waishams, the specialised 
instrument maker, received 
applications for 99.2 per cent 
of the shares on offer in its 
rights issue. 

B y Jeremy Warner 

s and weak oil lift 
to record 1,301.3 

The International Tin 
Council continued in emer- 
.V. gency session late yesterday, 
with -Malaysia reported to be 
seeing an extension of the 
midnight deadline for accep- 
tance, of the rescue plan. The 
request was made to the 
creditor-bankers and brokers 
of the ITC. 

: The. stumbling block -for 
acceptance of the plan, which 
involves the creation of a new 
company .to take, over -the 
.rrCVtin stocks, . continues to 
be the attitude tif. the three 
• South East Asian producers, 
Malaysia, Indonesia, .and 
Thailand. The EEC' signalled 
its acceptance of- the- plan, 
subject' to minor modifica- 
tiohs; yesterday morning. ’ 
* ' . 

, CU recovers 

: ‘ Losses at Commercial 
: • » Union Assurance ' fell from 
" £7Z8 million to £58-8 'million 
r . before tax in the year to 
; JQecember 31 1985. Premium 
■ income was down from £2.66 
billion to £2.31 billion and- the 
■dividend is unchanged at 

vil.8p. : 

Tempos, page 19 

BSR plunge 

BSR International’s pretax 
result slumped from a profit of 
£26.8 million in 1984 to a loss 
of £5.9 million in 1985. Turn- 
over fell .from £402.7 million 
to £261.8 million. The divi- 
« dend is unchanged at Z4pper 

Tempus, page 39 . 

Profit soars 

General Acddeet^Hhp'- & 
Life Iffted profits from £3.9 
million to £26.5 million before 
tax in the year to December 31 
l985.Premium income wses up 
from £1.88 billion to £1.90 
billion and the final dividend 
is up from 12p t 0 l4p. 

Tempos, page 19 

MCD in talks 

MCD Group, formerly 
Trafford Carpets, is in talks 
which may lead to a merger by 
way of an offer for MCD.-. A 
* made. . . 

Share prices achieved new 
.. .recotte on the stock market 
yesterday. The FT 30- share 
index .surged past the 1300 
marie, rising 21.4 points to an 
all-time high of 1 302.7 though 
it finished below its best for 
Jhe day at 1301 J. The wider 
shareindexes, theFT 100 and 
the FT all share index, also hit 
new peaks. 

Dealers cited the continuing 
wave of takeover activity in 
the City, coupled with the 
boost to company profits that 
the weak oil price is causing, 
as the underlying, reason for . 
the buoyancy. Hopes That 
interest rates around the world 
are headed down reinforced 
the optimistic mood. In ihe. 
US, Southwest Bank of St 
Louis became the first US 
bank to cut frsprime rate from 
9.5 , per cent to 9.25 per cent 

Strong demand for leading 
equities, especially those due 
.to report figures soon, ensured 
widespread . gains. •• Among 
leaders, British Telecom 
gained 6p to 214ft, P&O rose 
19p to 525p. Glaxo was 17p 
higher at 992p and Grand 
Metropolitan finished' 7p bet-. 

Mobil has 
new North 
Sea find 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

A potentially commercial 
ofl. discovery has been made 1 

FT 30 




JiiPT ; wa y: 

teroffai 42Qp. There were also 
widespread .gains among sec- 
oncHine shares. . 

Some siockrokers gave, 
warning that a reaction could 
soon.sei in and cautioned 

mvestorv^gainst committing money to equities for 
the time being. 

Mr John Mant of the stock- 
broking firm James Cape! said 
he -thought the market had 
become .too . _ speculative. 
Wood MadceaTzie.’s Mr Adrian 
FitzGerald also said be was 
fundamentally cautious about 
prospects for share prices. 

But there were plenty of 
analysis who believe the rise 
in share prices would contin- 
ue. Mr Peter Jones of W 
Green well, said the market 
was only just beginning to 
appreciate the significant im- 
pact of. the weak oil price on 
company profits. 

- “Lower oil prices mean 
more cash for industry which 
in turn means higher divi- 
dends and cantinueing take- 
over activity,” he said. 

“Logic says there is bound 
. to be a reaction in share prices 
but business confidence is 

Midland stages 
strong recovery 

by Mobil 210 mdes north-east 
of Aberdeen, dose to its 
existing Beryl oilfield. 

Initial tests front four wells 
drilled at the reservoir 13,000 
feet beneath the seabed pro? 
duced oil at rates of over 7,000 
barrels a day. Further tests are 
planned-to find if the field can 
been brought into production. 

Onshore, BP has applied for 
pfenning penmsrion ' for a 
£265 million expansion pro- 
gramme for the Wytch Farm 
oilfield in Dorset which will 
lift daily output from 5,500 
barrels to .60.000 and increase 
natural gas production. • . 

• . The expaiufcnvif approved-, 
by Dorset Comity Council j 
will make Wytch Farm the 
largest onshore oilfield in 
Europe, and BP hopes that 
planning procures .cant be 
completedmtinie to allow fall 
production by 1989, 10 years 
after the field first came on 
stream. . 

A total of 16 planning 
! applications have been sub- 
mitted covering changes to the 
gathering station and access - 
roads. Only one new well site, . 
on - Fmzey. Island, in Poole 
Harbour; will be needed with 
most of the new wells being 
drilled at existing sites. BP 
says that although oil produce . 
tion will increase tenfold, land I 
area required for the extension , 
wfll be very small 

At present oil from the field, 
originally discovered and op- 
erated by British Gas m 
partnership with BP before the 
Government ordered it to sell 
its oil producing assets, comes 
from the Bridport reservoir 
3,000 feet below the surface. 
The new weJls will pass 
through that reservoir into the 
larger undeveloped Sherwood 
reservoir which has been dis- 
covered 5,000 feet below the 

surface. . ■ 

A 10-mile pipeline taking 
oil from the field to a terminal 
at Southampton has already 
been proposed by BP and been 
recommended by Dorset 
County Council, but is still 
being considered by Hamp- 
shire County Council 

• New figures issued by the 
Department -of Energy show 
that North Sea oil output is 
still averaging 2.65 million 
barrels a day - enough to put 
Britain in fbiirfa place for oil- 
production behind Russia, the 
United States and Saudi Ara- 
bia. , 

North Sea prices have -now 

dropped to their lowest with 
levels for April delivery being 
quoted at $1135 a barrel, 
compared with above $30 in 
December. Prices, for main. 

grades in the United States 
have also fallen to dose to 512 
a bajreL 

.. By Richard Thomson 
, Banking Correspondent 

Midland yesterday became ' 
the third English clearing bank 
to reportstrong profits growth 
for. last year as it began Hs 
recovery from heavy losses 
incurred by Crocker National 
the Califbraiait subsidiaryit is 
now selling. • ••' 

The bank also announced a 
sweeping reorganization of its 
operations into four divisions 
including a npw investment 
banking group. • 

Midland reported an in- 
crease, in pret&x profits from 
£189 minion to £351 milfion, 
which is at the upper end of 
stock , market expectations. 
-But while international busi- 
ness improved significantly, it 
ran ’ into problems in the 
United Kingdom where provi- 
sions for bad debt shot up. 

. The; bank was form! to 
increase specific provisions in 
the United Kingdom by £57 
million because of- two large 
failures among its corporate 
customers last year. This 
helped limit UK profit growth 
to £308. million- from '£281 
million, an increase of 9.6 per 
cent.. - 

Lloyds and National West- 
minster have reported 30 per 
cent increases in their domes- 
tic profits. : 

Midland 7 * bad debts on its 
personal banking business in- 
creased. Officials said this was 
.a woridwidcr phenomenon but 
added that There was a disturb- 
ing increase in defaults on 
credit "card accounts 
The bank is reorganizing 
'into four main banking divi- 
sions: retafl, corporate, invest- 
ment and mtemationaL 
Tbis involves creation of 
Midland Montagu Investment 
Banking to handle- -dealing 
broking; investment manage- 
ment and corporate finance 

It will be formed by merging 
Samuel . Mpmagu, the mer- 
chant bank,, with W 

Sir Donald Barron: steps to 

strengthen balance sheet 

Green well the stockbroker, 
and several Midland subsid- 
iaries and departments. 

The new division will also 
include the Group -Treasury , 
department, a move designed ; 
to strengthen its presence in 
the capital markets. ■ ■ 

The loss on international 
banking of £146 million in j 
1984 was turned into a profit ■ 
of £43 million Last year as 
Crocker returned toprofitabil- ■ 
ity with net earnings of $38 
million (£26 million) in 1985. 

Midland is selling Crocker 
to Wells Fargo, the Califor- 
nian retail bank, for about $1 
billion, but is keeping 
Crocker’s international loan 
book which more than dou- 
bles the English bank's expo- 
sure to Mexico. 

Announcing the results. Sir 
Donald Barron, the chairman, 
said that the bank was taking 
steps to strengthen its balance 

Capital resources stood at 
£4 billion, with total provi- 
sions for bad debt at £1 

This, together with bene- 
fits to be derived from the sale 
of Crocker, . has placed the 
group in a position to compete 
vigorously in a rapidly chang- 
ing environment,” he said. 

Midland’s dividend re- 
mains unchanged at 25.5p 

rising and we see no underly- 
ing reason why prices should 
fall” Mr Jones said. 

Putting the contrary view. 
James Cape! pointed out that 
new issues, privatizations and 
known cash calls will tap the 
market for £5 billion between 
now and next October. 

“This could end the high 
institutional liquidity which is 
one underlying cause for the 
current buoyancy in equities," 
he said. 

US markets continued their 
erratic- largely optimistic trad- 
ing pattern yesterday on the 
strength of a widely held belief 
that West Germany and Japan 
will soon lower their official 
lending rales and the US 
Federal *■..? sene Board will 
follow SUM. 

The dollar opened higher in 
New York as speculation in- 
creased that the Bundesbank 
would cut its discount rate, by 
one half point, as early as 
today . At the same time, the 
US bond markets were hit by a 
wave of profit taking following 
a week of hectic trading and 
tumbling yields which 
dropped to S per cent on 
Tuesday on long-term Trea- 
sury bonds. 

Yamani to 
seek oil 
price pact 

The Saudi Arabian oil min- 
ister, Sheikh Ahmed Zaki 
Yamani, is to 
meetrepresentatives of other 
Gulf oil producing countries 
this weekend to try to reach an 
agreement on how to end the 
oil price crisis. 

The countries, members of 
the Gulf Co-operation Coun- 
cil hope to draw up an 
agreement which they can put 
to the full emergency ministe- 
rial meeting of the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries (Opec) in Geneva 
on March 16. 

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qa- 
tar and the United Arab 
Emirates are foil Opec mem- 
bers, but Oman and Bahrain 
are not. 

It is tikdy that both Oman 
and Bahrain will attend the 
meeting between Opec and 
non-Opec members due to 
follow the ministerial meeting 
on March 18. 

Other non-Opec oil produc- 
ing countries likely to attend 
the Geneva meeting are Mexi- 
co, Malaysia and Egypt, but 
Britain and Norway have 
made it clear they will not 
attend and have no intention 
of interfering with the oil 
companies’ production sched- 
ules in the North Sea. 

The Gulf Co-operation 
Council has already said h 
would prefer Opec to agree 
new production levels within 
an overall quota of 16 million 
barrels a day to bring oil 
supply into line with world 

However. Libya, Iran and 
Algeria have suggested more 
drastic measures, including a 
total halt to oil production to 
force prices upwards. 

US orders up 

January factory orders in 
the US rose by 0.4 per cent 
after a revised 2.2 per cent 
December gain. 

Textile jobs boost for Merseyside 

- By Derek Hams, Commercial Editor - 

Up to 300 jobs are expected 
to be created this year with the 
arrival on Merseyside of 
Yangtzekiang Garment Man- 
ufacturing, one of Hong 
Kong’s largest garment manu- 

YGM's decision to come to 
Britain follows an initiative by 
Mr Desmond Pitcher, group 
chief executive at the 
Littlewoods Organization, 
which is. based at Liverpool 
and is one of Britain's largest 
private companies. 

.YGM is a big supplier to 
Littlewoods, which has chain 
store and mail order interests, 
and 'at first, a substantial 
proportion of the Merseyside 

production is expected to be 
taken up by Littlewoods. 

The new factory, for which 
site negotiations are in 
progress, will produce trou- 
sers, shirts and blouses. There 
will be allowance made for 
additional expansion and jobs 
if trade justifies this. 

British production is ex- 
pected to be competitive on 
price and quality with that in 
Hong Kong where labour 
costs are no longer at jow 

The YGM decision was 
welcomed by Merseyside 
County Council especially be- 
cause of the, high unemploy- 
ment rale in the area. 

Littlewoods itself expects to 
be creating about 2,500 jobs 
this year, partly by opening 
more chain stores and also 
through the launch of a new 
chain called Inside Story 
which will specialize in house- 
hold. electrical and leisure 
goods. The main Littlewoods 
chain, now with 108 stores 
around Britain, will gain a 
Dumfries outlet in June while 
negotiations are at an ad- 
vanced stage for two more, at 
Gateshead and Southend. 

Littlewoods cut back on 
jobs early last year but has 
since been revamping many of 
its stores. 

Service industries ‘the key to jobs’ 

Service industries, not man- 
ufacturing. provide- the best 
hope for jobs ui the future, 
participants at a “monthly 
.National Economic Develop 
ment Council meeting agreed 

^Lorrf 3 Vonng of Graflham,. 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment said that ii was vital 
that attitudes to services 
should change “Services .do 
not mean servility, he said. 

Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the Trades Union 
Congress, and Sir Terence 
Beckett director-general of. 
the Confederation of Bnosn 
Industry, agreed that it was, 
unrealistic to look to nwnu&c*. 
luring to provide large, num- 
bers of jobs. 

Mr Willis said that tt was 


. By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

important to' guard against services employment 
exploitation m services, and creased by 30 pet 
Sir Terence said that part-time A paperby Mr John Ca 

jobs were not irrelevant even director-general of the 
though the long-term unem- al Economic Develop 
ployed would prefer foil-time Office, set out the argu 
jobs ' that there is a misn 

Between 1974 and 1984 between the jobs availabl 
emntovmem in manufectur- those sought by the unem 

mg fefi by 30 per- cent, while 
employment in services rose 
by 1 1.8 per cenL- 
Brirain's experience match- 
es that of the other major 
economies. Over the same 
period German raanufactur* 
ing employment dropped by 
17.9 per cent, while services 
employment' rose 10 percent 
In. the United States, which 
: teas a‘ better jobs performance, 
manufacturing . employment 
fell by 7.9 per cent while 

creased by 30 per cenL 

A paperby Mr John Cassels. 
director-general of the Nation- 
al Economic Development 
Office, set out the argument 
that there is a mismatch 
between the jobs available and 
those sought by the unemploy- 
ment. Three-quarters of the 
long-term unemployed are 
male, seeking full-time work, 
he said, but most jobs are part- 

In addition, there are geo- 
graphical mismatches be- 
tween where the jobs are and 
where, the unemployed live. 
The best opportunities are 
inservices. Mr Cassels said., 
but this should nol be con- 
fined to the private sector. 
There is a case for more public 

sector services employment, 
he said. 

Participants agreed that one 
way of boosting employment 
in services is to improve their 
quality. Rachel Waterhouse, 
of the Consumers' Associa- 
tion. said that it was a regular 
complaint among consumers 
that reliable plumbers, decora- 
tors and car mechanics were 
difficult to find. One way of 
improving services could be to 
remove restrictive trade prac- 
tices in the services, she 

Tourism, art area of increas- 
ing emphasis in the Depart- 
ment of Employment, is an 
area which has been pooriy 
exploited. Sir Terence Beckett 
of the CB1 said. 


Why the Bank would 
not waive the rules 

Ii is hardly surprising that those 
charged with supervising the City are 
making every effort to mind their Ps 
and Os. As big bang looms closer the 
large financial service companies are 
straining harder at the leash. At the 
same lime the wave of mega-mergers 
is producing new practices which the 
regulators must also keep up with. 
Almost single-handedly, the mer- 
chant bank Morgan Grenfell has been 
responsible for a spate of new rules. 
The effect appears to be twofold- 
There is an’ increasing reliance on 
laying down rules and sticking to 
them. US style, instead of the old 
informal “Governor’s eyebrows” ap- 
proach. And there is a tendency to 
put the lid on innovations, to limit 
the amount of change in a rapidly 
changing City. 

Yesterday's collapse of the merger 
talks between Morgan Grenfell and 
Exco neatly illustrates the Bank of 
England's approach to regulation at 
present. The talks were scuppered by 
the Bank's insistence on making no 
exception to the “O’Brien letter”, an 
informal rule limiting the participa- 
tion of banks in moneybrokers. The 
last time it was actively applied was 
in 1984 when Barclays agreed to sell 
off most of the holding in Charles 
Fulton which came with the purchase 
of Wedd Durlacher. 

But as the new financial conglom- 
erates grow in complexity the argu- 
ment underlying the O'Brien 
provisions, that they prevent con- 
flicts of interest, looks increasingly 
thin. Rather than making an excep- 
tion to the rule or letting it quietly 
lapse, however, the Bank chose to 
stick to the letter. Offending Morgan 
Grenfell alone is not as bad as the 
danger of offending the whole bank- 
ing community, and if tbe banks ever 
want the rule changed, all they need 
do is say so. In the meantime, the 
Bank's policy is that rules are rules. 

This comes hard on the heels of the 
new rule laid down by the Bank last 
Friday as a result of Morgan 
Grenfell's activities in the meiger 
game. Here again, instead of an 
informal warning the Bank issued a 
detailed set of instructions on strate- 
gic share stakes. It was partly 
prompted by the fears of other 
merchant banks that their corporate 
customers would demand a similar 
service in takeovers in the near 
future, but the Bank itself was clearly 
keen to nip the practice in the bud. 

But Morgan Grenfell has already 
found a way round it by organizing a 
consortium of three banks to buy up 
to £1 1 1 million of Distillers' shares 
without transgressing the new limit of 
25 per cent of capital. This is almost 
certain to prove the pattern of future 
takeover tactics by banks and the 
Bank of England appears to have 
failed to stop strategic share buying 
on a large scale. 

Morgan Grenfell has also goaded 
the Stock Exchange into rulemaking. 

Companies which are the target of 
takeovers may no longer underwrite 
the costs incurred by their suitors 
without shareholder approval — an 
obvious reaction to the £80 million 
Distillers may have to shell out on 
Guinness's takeover cosis. 

Whether any of these rules are 
subsequently relaxed when the regu- 
lators feel less embattled, probably 
well after big bang, remains to be 
seen. But for the time being they are 
leaving nothing to chance. 

A paper Budget? 

Barring any last minute changes of 
mind by Nigel Lawson, the chan- 
cellor, the budget will contain mea- 
sures that will at last allow the growth 
of a sterling commercial paper mar- 
ket. The Bank of England has been 
sounding out the opinions of cor- 
porate treasurers and bankers in the 
last few months and the result has 
been resoundingly positive. There are 
plenty of potential borrowers among 
the country's largest companies while 
there would appear to be no shortage 
of investors among the banks, pen- 
sion funds and insurance companies. 

It only requires a small adjustment 
to the rules governing securities to 
allow the introduction of commercial 
paper. At present anyone issuing 
paper with a maturity of less than one 
year is deemed to be subject to the 
Banking Act which carries with it the 
need to be licenced as a deposit-taker 
as well as supervision of the Bank of 
England The chancellor dem- 
onstrated in last year’s budget just 
how easy it is to change the rules 
when he exempted paper of between 
one and three years maturity from 
Banking Act criteria in an attempt to 
stimulate the sterling capital market. 
The effect of this was in fact minimal, 
so the exemption of even shorter 
term paper is the next step. 

It will no doubt be some time 
before a British commercial paper 
market gets anywhere near the $270 
billion outstanding on the US mar- 
ket, but there are obvious advantages 
to this method of funding as Ameri- 
can corporations have discovered. It 
is cheaper than overdrafts and Lon- 
don Interbank Offered Rate based 
loans and in general more flexible 
than sterling acceptances. Commer- 
cial paper does not, for example, have 
to be related to specific trade trans- 
actions and can be issued for odd 
periods instead of traditional one 
three or six month maturities. 

For investors tbe attractions in- 
clude the diversification of exposure 
outside the banking sector where 
creditworthiness has declined as the 
interantional debt problem has es- 
calated. Commercial paper is issued 
by companies under their own name. 
The banks merely act as intermedi- 
aries arranging the issue of paper, 
making a secondary market. 

This announcement appears as a matter of record only 

News America Finance, Inc. 

A Wholly Owned Subsidiary Of 

News America Holdings Inc. 

USD 250,000,000 
US Commercial Paper Issue 

Guaranteed 8y 

The News Corporation Limited 

Letter Of Credit Banks 

Commonwealth Bank of Australia Banque National* de Paris 

Dresdner Bank AG 

Counter Support Banks 
Commonwealth Bank of Australia 

Dresdner Bank AG 

Basque Nationale de Paris 

Banca Nazionale del Lavoro International Standard Chartered Bank 

State Bank of New South Wales The Rural and Industries Bank of Western Australia 

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited Bank of New Zealand 

Barclays Bank Australia Limited Chase AMP Bank Ltd. 

Die Erste Oeaterreichtsche Spar -Casa* Bank M id 1 and Bank FL£ 

State Bank of South Australia State Bank or Victoria 

The Tokal Bank Limited 

Dealer Depositary 

Goldman Sachs Money Markets Inc. Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company 


Goldman Sachs Money Markets Inc. 

Arranger And Facility Agent 
Commonwealth Bank of Australia 

February 1986 

New York (Renter) - Shares 
rose sharply in early trading 
On Tuesday, with values boost- 
ed by a recover)- in IBM 
shares, a General Motors 
shares buyback and a further 

plunge in interest rates. 

_ But they retreated as enthu- 
siasm for GM's buyback pro- 
gramme waned. 

* The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which rose 12 points 
to 1.708 at one stage, dropped 
12 points to 1684 after failing 

Mar Mar 
* 3 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices closed lower 

Mar Mar 
4 3 

Base Rates'* 

Clearing Banks 12% 

Finance House 13 
Discount Market Loans % 
Overnight High: ISL Low 12ti 
Week ta 12ft 
Treasury Bffla (Discount 

2 ninth 12’>e 

3 ninth ll 11 !* 

2 mnth 12'n 

3 mntti 11»i» 

Prime Bank BUS (Discount °i) 

1 ninth I2 "h-12»j: 2 moth l2 ] ia-12'ia 
3mmn U" S I«-11 ,1 1«6 mntti it'A-11% 

Treile BBS (Discount %} 

T mntn 12 1 'a 2mmh 12 ,J n 

3mnth 12* 19 Gmnth 11Y. 

Interbank <*l 

Overnight: open 12* dose 8 
1 week 12 ,3 <i-l2"it6flinih 11’*wii ■>„ 

1 mnth 12%-12% 9mnttl 1T'’ie-11"ia 
3mnth 12»iv-12X 12mBi IV’ie-ll'ie 

Local Authority Deposits fM 

2 days 12B 7 days 12K 

1 mnth 12'* 3 mnth 12* 

6 mnth 12 12 mm 11* 


7 days TO-7'»i. 
3 months 7K-7K 
7 days 4h-4% 

3 montf«4 s uh4>rB 


rronen rone 

7 days 12K-11M 
3 months 15-14% 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2K-2X 
3 months3U-3K 

7 days 6K-6 
3 months 514-5% 

call B*r-7tt 
1 month 7 l »/“i» 
B months 7VL-7V, 
cafl 5. 0-4 0 
1 month 4'it-4*i« 
6 months 4 b i*-4 J 19 
cafl 9H*BH 
1 month 16-1 5 *i 
6 months 13- 12* 
cafl 214-1* 

1 month 3 "i«-*i» 
6 morahs3*-3% 
cafl 6-5 
1 month 654-6* 

GokJ 5337 .00-337. 50 
Krugerrand* (per coin; 

5 SI. 2S&-2S 
■Excludes VA' 

Argentma austral* — 

Australia dollar 

Bahrain Anar 

BrazB cruzeiro* ___ 

Cyprus pound 

Roland marka 

Greece drachma — — 

Hong Kong doflar 

India rupee 

iraqdmar — 

Kuwait dmarKD 

Malays* dollar 

Mexico peso ... 

New Zealand dollar — 

Saudi Arabia riyel 

Singapore doflar 

Somh A Inca rand 


_ 3.6585-35640 


_ 25026-25154 

— 5-2560-5.2503 
3.1 <90-5.1527 

— 25S22-250S8 

— 5.2870-53270 * 

Local Authority B 
1 mnth 13U-13 
3 mnth 13-12* 

9 mnth 12h-12K 

Bonds (%) 

2 mnth 1354-12% 
6 mnth 12X-12K 
54 12mth I2%-12% 

1 mnth 12*-i2% 3mnih 12ft-12»i 
6mnth 11 l, io-11 ,, w12iiiih 1 1 *i«-l 1 & ib 


1 mnth 7.65-7.60 3 mnth 750-755 

6 mnth 7.60-755 12 mm 7.65-7.60 


Fixed Rate Sterhrg Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reterance rate for 
Interest period February 5 1986 to 
March 4 1988 mdusnre: 12.653 per 


Three Month Storing 

Mar 66 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 66 

Previous day's total opt 
Three Month Eurodofl* 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

US Tre asur y Bond 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 88 


Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

— 87.79 

— 89.13 

.... 8958 

n interest 12065 

— 92-30 

.„ 9254 

.... 9254 

— 9259 

HJgti Low Close EstVot 
8758 87.76 87.84 528 

8858 86.63 8850 2916 

89.40 89.13 8932 363 

89.72 8958 89.66 19* 

Previous day's totti open Interest 19891 

92.41 9250 92.41 803 

9253 9254 9263 3905 

9253 9254 92.63 57S 

9249 9239 9248 265 

Previous day's total open interest 4 12S 

97- 20 96-15 97-10 613 

96-31 96-00 96-26 6472 

96-05 95-20 964)5 56 

Previous day's total ppen interest 955 

98- 22 98-14 96-14 159 

98-55 98-35 98-35 432 


• .. 




26 In 











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78 fll Smaxar cps n 

38*i 3£ Savon E -awn 3>'i 
in re tr Auurew as 

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255 197*i TR 1WUM Has . 317 
lit 79 TR Norm Amanc* 95 
tafl'rtit TO Paofle Bum i« 
1EO I29 TR Ptopaity IS* 

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158 124 TR Trustee* 155 

14S 111 TartaM Bar 144 

770 21 1 Rvmanorma 270 
3Z> 248 Ttooo seams dp 3 t* 
175 137 Iren Ocaune . i» 
126 103 Tnboay U6 

ft* . 77: Tnptowil Inc .Ml 

242 its usooun 241 
■2 52 lMrgltevow 56 
ee 6i wsnporf a 

110 84 Wiumonn Enemy V 
186 IS Wtwr 116 

303 259 Tana 303 

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06 16 . 

3-t 36 296 
4*1 Mr 92 303 

*3 54r 31 <69 

SM 44276 
-2 28 r 27 442 

1*1 10 

53 34 JU 
*7 23 . 14 574 

fljr 4.1 342 

»*2 76 Si 265 

a *2 114 ««323 

IS 01434 
> 08 SI 34i 

»« 14.7 174 90 

B3r 39 563 a. 

+T 22 r 39 4*27 

1-1 22 35 4*6 - 

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♦T 4l2 24 661 

I . I37r 46312 



BH Offer enng YU 

BM Otter Omg Vie 

BW Offer Chog vie 

Bid Otar Ctng Vie 

Bd Offer Omg . TW 

Bo OHar Cm VM 

061-336 5685 

Eounaua Pmcan 895 740 *03 344 

Mgh wanna Trust 663 70S *02 553 

c£ A Fi»ec hit 508 539 *05 BBS 

TM 01 ln» Trusts GO 3 B42* *Ol 158 

Special Sas Trust 703 745 *01 253 

MW Amur That 53.7 572 -0.7 155 

Fv Eastern Trust 624 56* -02 OBi 


SJ^Geonge Hoe Cwporaaon Si. Corancry cin 
0203 553231 

UK Growth Accum 136 9 1455 .. 353 

Do mcoma 1205 12B 1 ..363 

H«3ku me Accum 216.8 2304 .. S90 

Do income 1773 .. 5J» 

OWRM Accun 950 995« .. 250 

Do Income Sll B53* .. 290 

Haiei Inc Accum 
_Do mcome 

Do Mcome 1773 1885 . . 5. 

Otp/Rwd Accum 55 0 995u .. 2 

Do Income 51 1 BS34I . . 2. 

Ntn Amer T« Accum 134B 1<3 4 O 

Fv East Tsi Accum 1121 1192 0 

Euro Tal Acorn 134 6 1431c .. I.l 

General Trusl 2 1B2 Z293 . . 2J 

Ftcunrr management 
1. Laurence Poumey Ha. London EC*R DBA 
01-623 4680 

American AM 715 765 -i 4 026 

Ceprtal Fund 1035 111.1 -03 044 

mcoma Funo 733 785 *06 500 

Far Eastern Fimd 623 86 7 -05 042 

Orwum mcoma 65 0 696 -03 382 

Fired Interim 56.0 59 1 +04 931 

Natural Rae Amd 455 4&7 -114 08 
Einpeai Incrana 625 895* -03 352 


m?3w”^ s, - Gta0O " lBa,A 
Babncad Gdi Inc 349.1 371 4 ..220 

Dotaaim 3522 374 7 .. 

Income Gm me 34 7 369 . . 650 

Do Accum 35 4 37.7 .. .. 

S«ra Cos hx: 345 388 .. 150 

DoAccum 365 331 .. .. 


River WBB- Tonbridge, TW9 1DY 
0732 362222 

Amarcan B65 1034 -07 075 

Amer Enuty mcoma 37 6 335 -03 4 9* 

Amai Special Sas 49 6 528 -07 042 

Far East me 292 31.1 .. 395 

CM 6 Food mi 292 305 -01 938 

Growth 6 income 91 0 974 -02 452 

Japan SoecU Sits 31.8 337 .. .. 

Janai Trusl 932 992 -03 . . 

Managaa hit Tr 1208 1293* -0.1 038 

Ms* (coma EoRly 87.7 725* -12 549 

Profeuaml Gm 30 B 328* 262 

349.1 3714 
3522 374 7 
34 7 369 
354 37.7 
345 388 
365 331 

Far East me 29 2 31.1 . . 395 

« 6 Food M 292 305 -OI 938 

Growth 6 Income 91 <1 974 -02 452 

Japan Sped* Sits 31.8 337 .. .. 

Janai Trust 93^ 992 -03 . . 

Managua Ml TR 1208 1293* -0.1 038 

Hu mcoma EMty 87.7 725* -12 Sag 

Professional Gm 30B 328* 262 

Soum East As* Tst 256 27 3 -01 051 

5peoal Sas 1385 146.0 *04 1 14 


O Crosby Sq, London EC3A SAN ' 

01-638 5858 

American Erempt 0515 359.1 *6 86 149 

Japan Enempl £269 7 2SB9*+10J8 132 
Am Protein TR S107950 . . 7.75 

Prepeny Truat £20330 -548 810 

3 union Well BMER. London Wal. London 
01-628 5181 

Amer 8 Gen Inc 2272 2*16 *10 055 

DoAccum 2320 2468 *89 055 

Amer 8 Gen Inc 2272 2*1 6 

DO Accum 232 0 246 8 

Amer Tunurnd me 214 2 227 8 

Do Accum 2MB 234 8 

CacMai Ta Inc 1856 1974 

Do Accun 221 8 23Sfi 

Ccm 4 GW me 824 87.6 

Do Accum 1078 1145 

Do Acam 
Com 4 GW me 
Do Accum 
Extra Inc Tsi me 
Dn Accum 
Income Trust 
Do Aovn 
Ml Gtowm Fd Inc 
Do Accum 
Japan 8 Gan Me 

Do Aram 

f j JW a U J 

1414 1504* -08 452 

1506 1600* -05 482 

1083 1150 .. 4 45 
1124 1194 . 4 45 

1538 183 8 -12 000 

1708 181 6 -14 OOP 

660 702* -10 OM 
665 70 B* -12 BOB 


161 Oeapsade. Lonocn EC2V ffiu 

01-726 1999 

C*04al Accun 



.. 184 

Energy Tnrti 

41 2 

*3 8* 

. 582 

E>V4 Mcoma 



.. 550 



1 **0* 

.. 257 

G*i Strategy 



.. 199 

liiL-wm tnvesanent 


27 62 

. . 171 

hcoro A GlcKMh 

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195 9* 


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0*862 5033 

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214 0 

228 9 

*03 558 

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Cacpul Fund 



+02 157 

Grcwnn 5 Inc Fml 

120 * 

128 8* 

*02 446 

H>gn O-st Fund 

96 1 

102 8 


IrmrTumonei Find 



*19 121 

Resources Fund 


20 S 

*02 220 

Sn*r Jap Co s Fnd 



*09 010 

Tokyo Fund 



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♦9.7 £10 

(£*i Japan (31 

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219 5* 

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Bald Road. (MeHenrtem. GMucasNf GL53 7LQ 

02*2 521311 

UK Baianaid me 



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uk H>gn me Me 




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-57 075 

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OI-J73 7261 




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Monthly income FJ 698 742* -02 584 

Recovery 123 6 1314* -415 135 

Do Acorn 1336 1420* -I 0 1 95 

Ewpean Inc 485 5t 8 -02 097 

Do Acoim *8.8 518 -02 057 

Pi non Ena. DortJna Surrey 

FP Eoudy Drsl 1851 1992 .. £52 

DC Accun 3107 329.1 .. 282 

FP Fired kv Dot 1071 114 4 .. 628 

DoAccum 1193 127 4 628 

Stewards'** DHH <55 1 1943 224 

Do Accum 1595 1885 . . £34 

Puwc Trustee. Kmgsway, WC2 
01-405 4300 

CapOl 325 6 3385 294 

Groae Inc 1383 1410 8 23 

Hflh TMd 1930 2000* .. &«1 


am Floor a. Devonshire Sq London EC2M *YJ 
01-283 2575 Deamg 01-626 9*31 



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11. Devoneiwo Sa London EC2M AYR 

11-623 <273 

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Do Accum 

482.7 4832 

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UK TferVet Features 



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Do Accum 


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0622 674791 
Ml> General 
MLA Imemawinal 
mla om Unt 
MLA Income 
MLA European 

31 4 332 *02 229 

485 505 402 1.04 

233 245* *041056 
365 386* *01 5.18 
285 28.1 +03 058 

UK Cap Fnd Me 905 97 3* -01 260 
Do *Com 129 6 138.7* -02 260 

mcoma Fund 738 790* -01 660 

Pensnx Exanyn 1488 1560* *01 240 

international 139 6 1493* . 1.00 

US 8 General 656 587 -02 140 

Tech ft Growth 635 880 -OB 100 

Japan 6 General 167* ITS 1 -10 030 

Far Easi 8 Gen 750 80 3 -01 100 

European Fund 215 1 2301* -18 0:70 

Germany Find 63.1 S75 *05 100 

2 SI Mary A.n Lorynn FC3A 88P 
01-623 1212 Oeauig 01 -823 5766 Deatng 01-823 

Mvnon Trust 923 985 -0 7 OM 

Australian Trusl 192 204 .. 042 

Bnssn Ts* Accum *3 8 538* .. 2J2 

Do 437 469* .. 232 

Cornnoony 9\are 573 67 0 125 

European Trust 44 5 47 7* -05 089 

Dura macron Trusl <42 473 .. 530 

Far Eastern Trust 97 0 1037 . 041 

Fried mreresr Fund 2S0 »7 . iQia 

Gin Trust 282 273 *071001 

Grntul Fluid Accum 1452 1545 -16 025 

Do Drsl 1383 1472 -■ ft 025 

GMd Snore Trust 13 g 14 8 -03 1 95 

Hndqed Amencan 293 302 -02 010 

High income Trusl 123 7 132 4* -0 1 5 52 

Hong Kene Trust 252 265* 093 

Income Fund 66 1 70 8* *0 1 368 

Insurance Agendas £*2 62 48 34 -027 2.18 

Japan Trust 1089 H3B *02 0 00 

Managed Enempi 2503 2608 +23 325 

04 8 Energy Truer 3 22 3*3* -02 1 05 

Special S« Trust B4 2 90 I 1 1 09 

Uh 5mt> C * R*c Tr 630 574 -0 *1.05 

Mnehestur n» 77. London was. umaon ECTN 

0 1-583 5620 

MU GroMD 715 7S* -05 181 

•mrcjnCrMi 60 8 850 -04 181 

*m«rv;jn me 65 7 7Q2* -09 591 

European G>owtn i7Ai ia82 -12 024 

Goto 1 Minerals 42 7 <56 -0 9 168 

Jap*n Giowtn 1238 1321 -05 021 

Paertc Incon* 62.7 87 0 +<L1 355 

UK 30*031 Oops 760 BIT* 221 
Royal E.ieh4ngt. EC3P 30N 
01-888 9903 

Si Geargn War, Stevenage Harts 
0438 356101 

Growth Urns 69.6 748 

GR 6 Fmed mt 104 7 108 4* 
Hgh Inoonw Unrts 104 1 1105 
hwi ««W U Ud 525 547* 

■nu Growth Umts HM I 1106 
N Amencan Urns 64 1 88.1 

Far East Umts 732 778 

Smaler Cos Fend 81.7 555 


Unicom Hse. 251 Homlcrd FKL ET 

01-234 56*4 

Mencap 1272 1353 *03 431 

33. hmg Win Su EC4R 3A3 

fli.-WI VflCfl 

01-280 2860 
Amer Gtowm 
Do Accum 
Amer mcoma 
Do Accum 

European Growth 
Do Accum 
Do Accwn 
OH & Fnad 
CM Accum 
Da Accum 
Do Accum 

Do Accum 
Do Accum 
Enempi oat 
Exempt Accum 

B35 992 -13 1.B3 

97 1 1032 -12 163 

45.1 51 1 -02 *.fW 

493 524 -02 484 

1095 1154 *15 1.7* 

1124 1195 *1.0 1.78 

228 6 2431* *1 1 £88 
3715 3855* +1 8 258 
8*4 852 *14 795 

925 934 +15 755 

72* 77 D* .. 4 7S 

79 7 84.7* .. *.75 

2031 216 0 -15 125 

2607 2888 -18 128 

1145 122.1 -04 000 

1185 12*3 -04 080 

1738 184 9 *08 2.40 

183 7 1954 *05 £49 

2113 222.9* *23 249 
3305 3408* +48 2.49 

71 5 7S* 
608 850 
66 7 702a 
174 1 1582 
<2 7 456 
1238 133 l 
62.7 67 o 
760 BI78 


Counwood M»4. saver St Heed. Sheffield SI 3RD 
0742 79842 

Can cat mcoma 
Do Accum 
COmrnrxMv 8 G*n 
Do Accum 
Extra Hgn me 

Oo Accum 
041 A Fmed Me 
Dd ACCufti 
Hiai TieW 

Do Accum 
Oo Accum 
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D o Accum 
N Amencan Mg 

745 7*4 245 

100 5 107 2 £45 

HOB liBO -05 303 

1532 163< -11 3 03 

54 6 682 *01 820 

BIT 558 *01 820 

525 54 9* *09 958 
8 * 3 880* *14 9 58 
1*00 1493 *01 5.84 

2322 3*7 0 -05 584 

159 I 169 7* *03 3 81 
2590 276.3* +0S 351 
300 8 214 l* *0.4 031 
3104 234 4* +03 021 
1033 1101 -05 120 






.... X 

’ dividend was maintained at 

fo5^ ,t? er rS 1 ’ U.8p, but the companymm- 
oftbe **& 10 offset the 
^imcan variety in recent shareholders’ fondThT in- 

So Iasi vpar «h. eluding for the first time a 

man : Mato* of £90 million for the- 

actuaries to examine the level Even if CU makes £00 

.H! ™. n i9 n .. bef “ i ? w 

i r — -r*. *»«« •-'■j luimuu uciure tax inis year, 


but oiSfafteJ ¥ ii2^ 1 ^ C * cat; £9 VCTCt kso shareholders may 
E have to wait until 1987 for an 

j?ad yrovided a further £59 increase; Against that back- 

term hi^S* h. 50 ™ 0 lon ^ shares at 285pare 

business .now ahead of the game. 

t with this backmg.cuwas General Accident 

able to declare yesterday that T — 1 . • 

itbd ieves realistic provision General Accident is further 
had been made against all along- the road to recovery 
°^£??? duig claims in the US. than Commercial Union. 

while some caution is Whereas CU is unlikely to 
required, given the uncer tain - increase its dividend signiS- 
ties of the American Liability cantly for another two years, 
system, this statement repre- - General Accident announced 
seats a huge step forward, a small increase yesterday tor 
Clearly the worst is over. 1985. . 

This picture was confirmed The increased dividend 
by yesterday’s figures for 1985 was not totally covered by 
which showed a reduced loss earnings, but the company 
of £58.8 million before tax, felt it amid justify an increase 
even alter the £59 ) million -because of a good investment 
provision. Underwriting loss- performance and good pros- 
es m the US’ were cut from pectsinl986. - - 
£302 million to £231 million Profits last year rose from 
and there were alto improve- £3.9 million tty £26.5 minion 
meats in Canada and Britain, before tax and coaid top £120 
Life profits rose slightly but million' this year. Ibis is 
investment income was lower because GA has already seen 
at £237 million, against £276 huge increases m premiums, 
million. This is not enough to make 

With premium rates rising underwriting profitable this 
in all the main markets, year, but the improvement 
prospects for all the compos* should be sufficient to lift the 
ties are good But investors pretax total, which also takes 
have tended to assume that . m profits on life business and 

because CU has suffered investment income, 
more than its rivals from the At GA any increase in 

recession, ft has most to gain trading profits comes almost 
from recovery. But CU has straight through to earning. 

cut back so drastically in the because its tax charge is 
US, with non-life premium traditionally low. Last year 

income down by 39 per cent there was even a £10 mini on 
last year, its potential is now tax credit, and this year the 

lessthan thatofothercompa- charge, should, be. no more 
nies. than 12 per cent. This com- 

Against this background, pares with ClTs tax charge of 
the company is u nlikel y to 53 per cent 

increase its dividend signifi- ’ - With this sort of recovery 

cantly until 1987. Yesterday’s in right; overseas interest 
figures showed a loss pf21.9p could well re-emerge, al- 

a share before realized invest- though Allianz has presum- 
ment gains. Nevertheless, the ably satisfied its appetite by 



European Insrituie 
of Business Administration 



available to British citizens 
: with a university degree . 
or equivalent professional qualification. 

This ten month programme 
starts in ehher-September or January. 
300 participants from 30 countries. 

| * Louis Franck scholarships for candidates 

| with a banking or financial background. 

* Kitchener European scholarships for 
candidates one of whose parents has served 
in the British Armed Forces. 

For information, contact: 


Admissions Office, A^jBr 

Boulevard de Constance, / rfy 

F-77305 Fontainebleau Cedex, E/Ay 

France. \ \ \ 7/ 

Tel: (1)60 72 40 40 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

The Royal Bank of Scotland 
announces that with effect 
from 17 March 1986 its 
Endowment Mortgage Rate 

win be reduced from 

13-25% to 12-75% per annum 

House Mortgage Rate 
remains unchanged at 

12*75% P« r annum 

acquiring Cornh/U. GA 
trades at a 12 per cent 
discount to stated net assets, 
which is not «nnmgl among 
British composites. By con- 
trast American companies 
lend to trade at premiums. 

Even without takeover 
speculation, the whole sector 
is likely to continue to out- 
perform the market, and GA 
should be in the lead. 


Presiding over losses is noth- 
ing new tor BSR’S chairman, 
Bui Wyllie, the corporate 
rescuer who was brought in to 
save the company from bank- 
ruptcy in 1982. 

The pretax loss of £5.9 
million for 1985 was, if 
anything, worse than expect- 
ed but optimistic statements 
about a surge in orders in the 
first half of 1986 set the shares 
alight, carrying them up 22p 
to 1 15p. 

The rest of 1986 looks 
more problematic. Much of 
the order book consists of 
orders rescheduled by hard- 
pressed customers from 1985. 

Nor does BSR have the 
market to itself. There is an 
increasing tendency for man- 
ufacturers to double-source 
its. components and despite 
being the acknowledged mar- 
ket-leader at the low end of 
. the power scale, it will need to 
work hard to gain market as it 
moves up the wattage scale. 

Investors are pinning their 
hopes on new products. Cel- 
lular radio is already a highly 
competitive market but BSR 
is aiming to build its share. 
An entirely new concept is 
Electronic Billboards where 
the group appears to have 
new technology. Whether it 
lakes off remains tobe seen. 

Most analysts appear to be 
upgrading their 1986 profit 
expectations. Wood 
Mackenzie’s forecast of 7 Jp 
per share puts the shares on a 
prospective multiple of 15. 
BSR may be off its knees but 
this rating discounts a lot of 
future growth. • 

Life offices 

sued over 


'By Lawrence JLever 

' Further details are emerging 
of lawsuits being brought 
against leading life offices over 
the disappearance of pension 
and life assurance money paid 
to an insurance intermediary 
now in liquidation. 

Life offices are resisting 
claims that hundreds of thou- 
sands of pounds were received 
by the intermediary acting as 
their agent. 1 

Qenca] Medical has con- 
firmed that a £186.000 action 
has been brought against it as 
a result of missing payments. 
A company spokesman 
saidrTbe action has been 
brought by the trustees of a 
pension scheme who had a 
pensions contract with us. 
They are asking for a declara- 
tion that certain moneys paid 
to' this broker are held by us 
for them.” 

The company would be 
defending the action. “The 
law on this point is quite 
clear,” the . spokesman said. 
“The intermediary acts as 
agent for the assured even 
though he is paid commission 
by the insurance broker” 

The spokesman declined to 
confirm that Gerical Medical 
had a formal agency agree- 
j ment with the broker. . 
j A separate case, involving 
| the same broker, wbo, for legal 
reasons, cannot be named, is 
being brought against Friends 

. The Quakers Life Office is 
being sued for about £25,000. 
A BMW dealer, wbo set up a 
pension scheme for himself 
his wife and son, alleges this 

sum.was paid to the broker. 
The lire office says it has 

never received it and, in any 
event, is raising the same 
defence as Clerical Medical — 
that the broker was not its 

“The broker recommended 
Friends Provident” the BMW 
dealer said. “We put £100,000 
into the pension scheme ova- 
the years; but Friends Provi- 
dent says it has received only 

Friends Provident said it 
was defending the claim 
through solicitors in London. 

Another Life office involved 
in the missing money saga is 
Equity & Law. One of its 
policyholders, who was fund- 
ing a pensions policy through 
the intermediary, said: “J am 
60 years old and started 
paying £2,000 a year in 1980. 
I’ve been told that the pay- 
ment for 1983 has gone miss- 

£27m deal 

to join 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Salomon Brothers, the Wall 
Street investment house spe- 
cializing in bond markets, has 
recruited a leading City econo- 
mist for its London gilt-edged 

Mr Malcolm Roberts, chief 
economist at the stockbroker 
Laing & Cruickshank and 
director of research for the 
Alexanders/Laing & 
Cruickshank primary gilts 
dealership, will join Salomon 
Brothers this mouth. He has 
been with Laing & 
Cruickshank for nine years. 

Salomon Brothers has de- 
clared its intention of estab- 
lishing a major presence in the 
gilts market in London. Mr 
Roberts will become vice pres- 
ident of economics and gilts 
research and one of his tasks 
will be to build up a research 

His departure is the latest in 
a series of moves by City 
economists and is a consider- 
able blow for Laing & 
Cruickshank, which will be- 
come a wholly-owned subsid- 
iary of Mr John Barkshire’s 
Mercantile House. No signing 
on fee, or “golden hello," is 

In the US bond market, 
economists perform a central 
role for the primary govern- 
ment bond dealers. Wall 
Street’s best-known econo- 
mist. Dr Henry Kaufman, is 
with Salomon Brothers in 
New York. 

Mr Roger Bootle, formerly 
chief economist with Capel- 
Cure Myers, will be joining 
Lloyds Bank’s primary gilts 
dealer this month. 

Mr Gavyn Davies and Mr 
David Morrison are taking the 
economics team from Simon 
& Coates to the American firm 
Goldman Sachs next month. 

Shares touch new highs as 
leaders stay in demand 

The slock market boom 
continued and share prices 
reached record levels again as 
measured by the FT 30-snare 
index which crossed the 1 .300 
level at midday. The index 
closed at 1.301.3, a gain of 
exactly 20 points. 

Leading equities again en- 
countered the bulk of demand 
but there were still many good 
spots among secondary issues. 
ICI illustrated the market 

trend adding another 6p at 
967p (after 972p) while P&O, 

TI Group, where results 
areexpected today, was in 
demand at 453p. up 24p. Also 
expecting trading news soon 
and meeting support was 
BTR. 1 Op up at 443p. GKN 
improved 6p to 337p and 
United News was lOp better at 

Gilts were around 3-8 high- 
er at one stage, relinquishing 
the advantage at the end of the 

967p (after 972p) while P&O, 
ahead of results later this 
month and still drawing 
strength from very good op- 
tion business, climbed 19p to 

The banking sector re- 
mained in the limelight, but 
profit-taking developed in the 
wake of Midland’s results. Its 
shares dosed 8p easier at 
479p. Poor figures at first 

trimmed Commercial Union, 
but buyers soon came back at 
the lower levels, and the 
shares ended lOp up at 287p. 

Satisfactory results put 5p 
on General Accident at 825p. 
Investment buying gave a 23p 
fillip to British Aerospace at 
583p. while Cable and Wire- 
less rose lip to 67Sp in 
response to a recent circular. 

Beuer-than-expected trad- 
ing news gave a I7p lift to 
BSR at 1 1 Op, while the annua! 
statement helped Blue Arrow 
to a lOp rise at 2S8p. 

Merger talks put 8p on 
Raine at 49p. and Ray beck 
after the bid approach climbed 
5 l-2p to 44p. 

Elsewhere, speculative buy- 
ing was directed to Pearson, 
23p up at 496p, and Sears, 
which rose 3 I -jp to 127 I-2p, 
and Siebe, I2p higher at 785p. 

News that the Morgan 
Grenfell talks are off lowered 
Exco ISp to 21 9p. The 
Grove* ood sale continued to 
benefit BAT, 19p higher at 
37Sp. but Fisons ran into 
some profit-taking after 
Tuesday's good figures shed- 
ding 15pat 5l3p. 

Oils staged a recovery under 
the lead of BP 8p higher at 
528p. Kaffirs scored modest 
gains ranging from 10 cents to 
a dollar. 




Bids cleared 


Abbott Mead V (I80p) 225 dn 5 

Ashley (L) (135b) 240 up 8 

Brookmount (160p) 180 

Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 71 

Cranswick M (95 p) 110 up 1 
Davidson P (I60p) 163 dn 2 

DiaJene (128p) 170 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 24 up 1 

Granyte Surface (56p) 71 

Inoco (55p) 49 dn 1 

JS Pathology (160p) 265 up 2 
KiearfoJd (ii8p) 116 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (I05p) 138 dn 2 

Mer/vafe Moore (t15p) 125 

Microsystems (127p) 140 up 2 

Macro 4 (105p 
Mer/vaJe Moor 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (140p) 


150 up 3 

140 up 2 

Norank Sys (90p) 102 up 2 

Really Useful (330p) 363 dn 2 

SAC Inti (lOOp) 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Sigmex (101p) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 
Spice (80p) 

Tech Comp (130p) 


13! ujn 

Cray Bac F/P 
Hartwells N/P 

Underwoods (18Gp) 182 dn 2 
Wellcome (120p) 182 up 1 

Hartwells N/P 
Peel Hldgs F/P 
Porter Chad r/P 
Safeway UK 
Stormguard F/P 
Wates N/P 
Westland N/P 



£44>2 up 
21 up 1 ’r 
15 up 2 

182 up 1 (Issue price in brackets). 

Burton ‘now second only to M&S’ 

By Derek Harrisjnd astral Editor 

Merger talks 

Raine Industries is in talks 
about a possible merger with a 
substantial private building 
and contracting company. 

Burton Group’s share of the 
men swear and wo mens wear 
markets is now second only to 
that of Marks and Spencer, 
and growing rapidly as other 
innovative chains like Next 
also penetrate these markets. 

This has placed Marks and 
Spencer, the dear market 
leader, under pressure al- 
though a slip in market share 
last year is likely to be 
followed by another increase 
this year. 

These are estimates from a 

report* by Verdict, the retail 
trade analyst, which suggests 
that Marks and Spencer lost 
half a percentage point of 
market share last year. That 
represents about £55 million. 

M&S was likely to push 
itsmarkei share from last 
year's 15 per cent to 16 per 
cent this year. Verdict says. 

Burton Group has 8.5 per 
cent of the menswear market 
and 4.6 per cent of womens- 

In both the men's and 
women’s markets. C&A — like 
Chelsea Girl still a private 
company — is running at 
number three, with 4.8 per 
cent market share in mens- 
wear and 3.8 per cent in 
womenswear. British Home 
Stores and Linlewoods are 
both in the top six in each 

*Vcrdict on Clothing and 
Footwear Retailers. I erdia 
Research. 54 Britton Street. 
London EC1M 5SA. 

The Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry has decid- 
ed not to refer five proposed 
mergers or acquisitions to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. They are Irving 
International Financing 
Corporation’s takeover of 
Smith St Aubyn l Holdings); 
Rodamco Properties' take- 
over of Haslemere Estates; 
Security Pacific’s purchase of 
the remaining 70. i per cent of 
Hoare Goveti; Barclays 
Bank's purchase of an addi- 
tional 45.1 per cent stake in 
Wedd. Durlacher, Mordaunt 
and Co; and Barclays’s pur- 
chase of an additional 70 per 
cent stake in de Zoete and 

There will also be no refer- 
ral of the proposed establish- 
ment of a joint venture 
company by Cadbury 
Schweppes and the Coca-Cola 


BTP has sufficient accep- 
tances to exercise its right to 
acquire compulsorily the 
Dufay Bitumastic shares it 
does not alreadv own. 


A hundred years ago. Ocean s shipping 
services stretched around the world. 

Today our operations extend a little ftirther. 
While continuing in shipping, weve 
also moved into areas such as freight forward- 
ing, offshore oil support, warehousing and 
waste management 

As we are an industrial services group 
with a special emphasis on international 
distribution, such diversity ^ 
/Aj is obviously desirable. JH 
^firy ft means that we can 
^ m. JeF °^ er our c ^ enls a more com- 
plete service: the pans which 
* our shipping operations cannot 

WSr reach, for example, our warehousing 

r and air freight forwarding can. 

Of course, such breadth TJ^ 1 
of service cannot in itself M* XCLLS. 

coal traders. One of 
the world’s largest oil 
companies relies on Cory’^^ 
Oil to provide a UK distribution 
service on its behalf .And after 
investing £11 million in our 
London operation, Cory Waste 
r Management : “ 

r ricv I o 

REA bulk * 


international 1 warehousing I J 110 \v handles over hall a 
:h diversity million tonnes of die 

lesirable. Ji||l JWaW ' rapuaTs domestic refuse, 

we can Offshore oil support is a 

ts a more com- fast-growing area in which we 

: pans which are represented by our subsidiary 

ations cannot O.I.L. It is a volatile sector, as reflected by 
r warehousing die fact that few British companies working 
rcan. within it have remained profitable. But one 

Y x 1 S* J certainly has. 

Hall a QOZCO Ourcargohandling 

m going concerns.", 'i'Z 

operations are similarly strong. 

malism which Rea Bulk Handling has an established 

ig operations, reputation and die ability to handle a wide 
r odrer ran g e of commodities. And so has 

j McGregor Cory Warehousing, with its 
3 million square feet spread strategically 
i hfr . throughout die UK and Europe. 

Over die years, by taking our existing 
skills and developing them in 

lj£g|jyr related areas, we have built an organ Sg 

assure success. 

But what V/VV/W11 
can is quality' of service. 

By applying the professionalism which 
is die hallmark of our shipping operations, 
we set out to ensure diat all our odier 
services operate to an equally 
high standard- 

If diat sounds like an 
idle boast, it isn‘t - it's a 
boast based on a consider- 
able amount of hard w r ork.^^|j|g§ g|r 
Consider MSAS. our ^ I CC1KY .9 IL 1 

Ocean going concerns. 1 

sation where die strength 

| oil I international freight 

forwarding subsidiary 
Total shipments each 
year are now wordi over 
£300 m to die company 
which puts it among die 
top ten freight forwarders worldwide. 

Consider our fuel distribution and waste 
management services. 

Cory’ Coal is one of Britain’s leading 

of worldwide interests 

high degree ofspecialist 

expertise in a variety of disciplines.' < 

So much for history: 

As for geography - it has long been said 
diat ocean covers two diii ds ol die eardi. 

more, surely 
rather mote. We can handle it. 


National Starch and Chemi- 
cal Corporation, a member of 
the Unilever Group, is to buy 
a corn-milling plant ai Ham- 
burg. West Germany, from a 
subsidiary of CPC Interna^ 
tioria! for DM60 million 
(£27.3 million). National 
Starch will make a substantial 
additional investment there 
for the production -of special- 
ity starches. 




From sour portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Adcf (hem 
up to flu- >uu >our overall iouL Check 
this acamsi the daily dindcnd figure 

E uhlishcti on this pay If h matches you 
ate »on outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are: a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 



Record levels 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Feb 24. Dealings end March 10. §Contango day March 10. Settlement day, March 17. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 


£ 4,000 

Claims required for 
+44 points 

ri«i'»n«rtg shonld ring 0254-53272 



300 215 Doal EM Of Soc 
12 '.728 Scnroomx 
TO » 9<n0i Bl Aubyn 

542 419 Staod Qwt 

740 603 Umon 
182 M Kip' 

56*. 38*1 W® Frapo 
290 220 WUWuta 

Pnca ■ 

Ch 'ge pence ' 















• »S 







e .. 





B o*ana jan» 59 

BrawnTMaimew) 415 

Butw (H PI (87 

Hratanwood Braw 495 
Clan. (Manna*) 485 

OeWtaOh (J A) B15 

Harms I Nansens *64 
KrgNand DM 75 
Amw nci iOPn OWT Ififl 
imh Bas 273 

Uanmn Thomnrai 91 
Morland 237 

SA B rewenas 230 

Sex 5 Nsw 197 

I Seagram £35 '< 

«SB 370 

wrwc nun 'A' 265 

Do -8 298 

mend *w 213 

Wotvftwotn 8 0 455 

vnng "A 205 

116 38 180 

21.0 30 14.7 

1.1 24 24* 
42 43 M2 

200 40 153 

ro 42 U5 
Ms a* li t 
•m.7 23 108 

186 23 239 

229 n 38 128 
7*r 43 124 
72 38 145 
103 33 108 

24.1 52 120 
28 17 15* 

6.1 3.8 11 7 
60 22 

28 12 15.7 

9.1 10 111 

1O0r 51 114 

41.1 12 .. 

150 43 143 

102 35 135 
102 33 13 B 

98 40314 

122 27 10 0 

S 4 45 154 





Oxford Instruments 


Bas'-eil Foods 

Fisher (Albert) 

© Times Newspapers Ltd. Dally Total 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £20,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 



H<gn Low Snx* 

rs (Under Five Years) 

•Tn»s CION I9S* 99i. • . 

tram 3N 1970-08 
Trass 9'-% 1988 
TrWB If *. 1H09 
Trass 10 jN 1339 
E-eh 10% 1969 
E*cn lOW 1989 
Erotl I')N 1990 
E*en 11% 1939 
Trass 5% 1986-89 
Ewn 11% 1990 
Trass C9V*. 1989 
Trass 3% 1989 
Tran* 1j*. 1990 
E*ch 12’*- 1990 
Trans 3% 1990 
Treat Bv% 1987-90 
Tieas 10% 1990 

88 '- *% 

101'. .. 
99': .. 

98% .. 

lOOH .. 
77*. *% 
88 ’. +% 

96‘j .. 

es +% 

107V . . 

It*'. .. 

at •• *■* 
93 ♦% 

98’. +% 

Aberdeen Consir 246 
Amec 252 

AmcSflS 58 


BPS hnOiisvHs 421 
Buggendga Bra* 347 
aSrati Daw 144 
BaibnriBanj Conor 24 
MW ay 164 

BefdOrt concrete 68 
Bn Bros 67 

fnockins aw 

suo Ota etn 
BreedonSOoud HU 201 
BruMmute Dudley 91 
Br (Tedgog 87 

Brown* Jackson 24 
Browrtaa 67 

Bryant 90 

Branatt & HsRatn 19 
Cskooraad Horn, 150 
Cament-Roadstona 110 
ConosrGrp 68 

Cosram *90 

Coumysns 344 

Crouch (Dank) 154 
Dm tCaorool' 96 

Dougas l«3f £ 

Enth 72 

Fan 91 

Do A 70 

FHait Go 05 

GiBJoro BS 

Grow 6 Dandy Ore 1 06 
Osman |MJ) 294 
HAT 100 

Hsfacsl Bar 143 

Hawoan-Stuan 52 
Haywood WAama 183 
Higgs t Hd 51 J 

dsaxk Jofraan itd 
J am Pl 8 Sons 205 

W ^ 

Lawrence (WaOral 95 
L6ey (FJO 77 

Lo3l(YJ1 350 

Magnar & Souft M4 
Mandart 206 

UartfnW iHafcfai) 155 
May 6 HasseB 1*2 
McAkroe lABred) 380 
Uayar m 302 

MUUr (Stanley, 23 
Monk (A) 128 

MOwWn gonm 370 
mwrame bso 

NoMngMm Bnck 193 

108 42 154 

15* 82 100 

am B 2 AS 

5.7 4 0 111 

11 B 28 158 
98 28 128 

109 78 . 

0.4 1.7 48 

too 61 185 

54 78382 
4.4 68 188 

3Z9 3 7 128 

288 48 83 

ilfl 52 31 4 
48 54 154 

3 8 54 15 0 

. . .158 
































13 5 





























. . A 
















75 0 







+ 1 



















e .. 




•- E«en’ 

10- % I9S6 

99V . 


Pnoem Tenbor 



12". 1986 





B 193405 

99 +% 




: E*3> 

2'.*. 1986 

9S% . 






101% . 




- Each 

13 1937 

101V . 




■ Tiros C10VV ,987 

99% . 


160 V 



2*-*» 1987 

&*%• . 





. E»ch 

10' % 1987 

99% . 



Srutrpa 8 Fisher 



6 IS85-87 






10*. >967 

50 V 

~ 101 



a Trn^v 

3% 1967 

93% +% 



Taylor Woodrow 



17*. 1987 




V Traas 

TVS. 1985-88 

95V »% 




10 % 1938 

99V . 




» Traas C^.V 1983 

97>. . 








Warrnaon (Tj 
Wans Bake 
Mwnam Bra* 

Wans Stake 300 

Wana m Bras 00 

wggn 54 

WlfiSn tConnckyl 354 

Wwnpey (Garagg) 180 

178 4 0 11.1 
7.7 38 11.1 
07 10 .. 
93 73 173 
195 52 258 

157 18 182 

S 3 4*14.4 

8 4.7 10S 

43 42 18 

154 48 8.4 
188 38 118 
155 17 153 

55 54 133 

111 48 122 

88 55 11.8 

117 28 178 

214 40 148 

7.0 *7 128 
113 3113.0 
1.8 28 95 
108 83 29.1 
134 S3 11.0 
10A 4014.7 
5 7n 58 78 
50 38 151 
t.4n 18 158 

*8 13 174 

*8 28152 



Tress 11>.% 
Fun, 5'.% 
Ewn 11% 
Trass 12’-% 
Traas 10% 
10 % 
12 '.-% 
i3 J .% 

104*. .. 

08'. +'. 
103'. +% 
Ill's +V 
99 “7 +V 
101V +V 
109'. +V 
99 % ♦% 
nr. -v 

i22> +'. 
115 1 . +% 
112'. +'. 
93 % +H 
109*. +V 

,00% *** 
114'. Hi 
121 ’« +V 
130'. +'. 
110'. ♦'. 
119V f'. 

no **> 



79’. .. 

97% +*• 
112'. ■»'. 
9 tf*. 

115'. »»'. 
103'f +•' 



Trees (0% 2001 ifli*. 

Com 9*.% 2001 99V ♦'« 

Trass 14% 199S4H 1Z5V +•• 
Com 10% 2002 101 'i •♦5'. 

Excfi 12% 1999-02 113% 

Tram 9*-% 2DD2 95’. 

Traas 10% 2003 102'. 

Traas ir.% 2000-03 126V *•. 
Traas 1l'j% 2001-04 112'ie*'.- 
Traas 10% 2004 101*. 

44% 23'. 

255 121 
383 273 
260 100 
130 78 
10* 51V 

128 100 
134 104 
79'r 9*. 
107 79 

275 224 
199 131 
168 112 
26 14 

151 110 
HO 82 
227 150 
27B 175 
144 00 

488 318 
101'. 51 
972 630 
386 279 
121 84 

168 141 
82 53 

182 128 
312 94 

320 162 
112 M 

+’« 400 

♦3 33 

♦7 59 

. 57 

-8 103 

+1 51 

♦1% .. 

+4 55 

*2 50 

42 58 

.. 07 

akzo N/v Bearer 
Andes ChaasaO 

Hyw DM50 
Brant Crams 
Br Banzai 

ss? w 

Coaira Bras 
DO 'A' 

Carv (Horace) 


Do CWd 

EUs 5 Ewrant 
Hauwad (Jamssj 
Hoecnst DM60 
kap Cham M 


RaSraok Wgs 

Yoriaime Cum 





5.7 154 



.. 12.0 


• .. 


*0 172 




43 108 




44 10 1 




56 17 






49 1T2 




£7 190 



43 172 




1.6 189 




36 1B4 




£0 210 





50 9* 




18 107 

2tB 120 Angka TV A’ 
64 26 Grwnpwn 

185 116 HTV NJV 
XI 218 LWTtite 

208 128 Scot TV’S' 
IBB 110 TVS N/V 
38 23 TSW 

128 53 144 

24 57 51 
118 51 53 

*3 20.6 7.0 118 

.. 117 48 106 

» .. 11.4 55 54 

24 83 104 


53% .. 


98'. +'• 
121'. ♦'. 
86 ♦'. 
115'. +•• 

129V W*'. 
04 •+'■ 
84 ♦% 

1 22'* fV 

Fmd 3V% 
Com 9’A 
Con. 9’.-% 
Eacn 10’j% 
Traas 12';% 
Traas B% 
Traas 1l*.% 
Tram *3'*% 
Tram 5'r% 
Tram P.% 
Exch 12% 


41'. 38'.Coraois 4% 
37'.- 33'' War Ln 3'*% 
AT’, 41 Cany 3'i% 

31V 28% Tram 3% 
26'. 23%Oonsets2'I% 
2T< 23’* Trees ?'*% 


IfB'illB'iTram 5 2% 1988 117% -V 

102'. 91 Trats IL 2% 1990 IDT* -V 
1IAVI06 Trees 5 2% 1996 112VW-'* 

103'r 9b'. Traas B*'.-% 2001 90 * *-•* 

ItB'i S3': Trem IL2':% 2«n 97'* 

106% 95'- Tram 5 2% 2006 lOlf’j -V 
103*. 92% Tram 112' % 2009 96 

108'. 97 Tram U3'.% 201 » 101 -% 

91'. 19% Traas 52'r% 2013 8*". -'i 

99'. 87% Trass H8 >% 2018 91'r 

98*. 88'* Trass U'i% 2020 89*. -V 


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10 4 




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Mrs 8 Snoao" 
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Uercury Sacs 

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-3 18 

♦ i 65 

104 5 0-r 

400 51 V 

183 BO 

52 9 

68 48 

585 220 
317 20* 
122 63 
54 38 

355 224 
IBS 87 

138 95 

93 67* 

3W 131 
423 >71 
81 SB’i 

665 an 

178 92 

230 130 
SB 27 

139 72 

IWi 25'* 
IBS 143 
392 182 
110 73'. 

154 GO 

105 43 
237 153 
394 152 

937 674 
288 168 
29V 22 
39 21 

387 240 

128 93 

90 71 j 

38 21 

134 93 

226 100 
845 370 
190 142 
196 III 
336 318 
IK 116 
oil am 
ISO 94 
244 154 
385 313 
640 331 
75 33 

97 50 

118 99 

131 48 

47 23'r 

315 155 
163 98 
38 18 

185 116 
92 72 

129 78 

335 200 
320 1E0 

84 31 
Bl 42 

124 56 

336 273 

85 » 
501 373 

57 40 

87 27', 

198 180 
482 287 
235 14Q 
328 203 
148 98 
610 277'i 

Aquaseunan 'A' 
Beam uunasj 

Brawn (N) 

Camara 'A' 

Comrwrad End bh 
Gouns I Firm) A' 
Deralrasi {U) 
axons Grp 

BBs & GakBtam 
Bye (Wkimiedoii) 
Empau Sums 


Execute* Cknras 
Fine An Oav 
Ford (MalM) 

UWUMlflRI up 

» -A' 

Hams Ouaen awa y 
HMona Of London 

Hone Cham 
House ot Laraea 
Jonas (EmesO 

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I *2 6.7 

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■fc- Vb 
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Laa Cooper 

uncron Kilgour 

Marks & Boenoer 
MenzMs (John) 
Mtoos Laaura 
Mau Bros 
NSS N m aaga ras 


Our Pnce 

Prats Stores 
Preeov lAnran 
Raman gaweaars) 
Rem lAutan) 

Do A 

5 8 U Storm 
sraram (mj 
D a 'A 

Ssnoson IS) A' 
Smdi^MHl 'A' 

5tsnl«y (AG) 


Sumrra Oomas 
Suoaronig SMaa 
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vantona viyaaa 
WW Group 
ward wnm 
Wo o twortn 

BA 14 328 
28n 83108 
28 17 148 
14 1J 328 
i7ir 38 100 
113 4* 88 

85 31 182 

3 On 17 . 
128 15 211 



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1 2-4 

17 211 






0 4 29 7 


Apnea Computers 




20 60 





Asanac Comp 




09 14.7 


Auftq Fmewy 




Aura Sac 



, 1 133 






49 129 


High Low tommy 

dta- VM 

Price en gx pence % P/E 

220 13B 
IBS 109 
203 69 

40 za 
220 1B0 

184 94 

129 78 
163 130 
353 243 
200 130 
215 65 

341 210 
380', 98 
335 220 
405 235 
235 34 

970 100 

98 33 

94 59 

45 16 

283 170 
lOJ'i 7B\* 
172 22 
478 238 
44 24 

164'. 95V 
17'.- 10 
205 115 
180 HI 1 ) 
214 114 
21 13V 

IK 65 
80 22 
783 120 

196 142 
503 382 

88 71 

140 21 

289 72 

197 137 

119 74 

21V 10V 
230 168 
400 8B 
484 301 

185 149 
365 108 
278 158 
308 173 
350 236 
270 ISO 
388 244 
2S8 123 

65 40 

103 SB 
325 220 

DanKXng 5 MBS 43 

□aWer 198 

BMroctxiuonants 430 

Qectronc Mkn 65 
EMOronU Rsrnals 53 


Fral Canto Bac 200 

Fbnranl'd'edi 33 


j^Mina Sea 101 

im Signal a Cored 345 
Janas Ssoud «93 
Kode 125 

Lac H Mn garaPon 290 
Logca IK 

MKEkQ 318 

Meonc 400 

Mkn> BS 08 

Micro Foool 170 

kuutorra Bee 53 
Mraray Bed 00 
Newm a n 31 

NevwnMli ILods) 2B0 
MB 100 

Ocmda 41 

(Mom h ra maneraa 478 
Plxcorn 28 

PlUUs Bn PA Cl 43 

Pumps Umps N/V £W. 
Plfco 195 

DO 'A' Lid Vtttu <45 
Plssaay 214 

Do ADR 25 £20 V 

Prassoc is® 

Guest AtitonvOon 27 
Ratal Ski 194 

ROHM* 183 

Sendee (OH] 503 
Sftorrodi 78 

Sand QdkBlon 40'* 

STC 118 

Stone hn IK 

TeMphone RanMa IK 
TeiemaMx 92 

Thom EMI *67 

Thorpe rPN) 185 

TUnast Tatacom 285 
UE1 268 

Unaedi 260 

LRd Leasing 251 

Utd Sosnsnc IK 
vg kun u iiu ma 386 
Vdu 295 

Western Sdecson 60 
WMHwrti Bee 00 
Whdasaie Rnug 295 

48u 75 39* 
0.1 12 .. 
11 15 9.0 
198 7 A 118 

75 75 158 

1.1 23 93 

10 OA 257 
18 88 12 

STS 4.0 .. 

75 35 105 
75 12 75 
88 31 171 

11 2.1 215 

43 28 124 

6.7 37 113 
285 57 II J 

11 17 158 

06 15 78 
. . u . . 8.0 

85 15 115 
05 05 41* 

100 51 M3 
15 17 S3 
2S0 SA 157 
55 30 92 

14 05 195 
75 25 248 
05 13 135 
53 Z1 80 

8.1 45 107 
27 07 336 
11A 45 10.6 
18 85 14.1 

12 14 138 
98 42 12* 


334 210 AMrewonn 237 +1 18 08 .. 

3 S3 128 Altai Him IK <3 115 65 7.1 

350 200 Amotagsus 350 .. 20 0 5.7 58 

151 70 Berkley Tadr 141 * 

K'l 17V CunA E24 15J 07 

218 159 Camdonir IM 28 15 588 

3S 10 OMiaway 2S . . . . « . . . . 

2(P. 16'. EquBy 5 Oar 19', .. 13 67 87 

253 120 Hrabro 238 • 104 4.4 341 

193 91 M<y & Sana IK -2 II 17 »0 

173 ll« Maadto 172 +1 88 52 24.6 

*7 37 Nar Home Loana *0 

49V 38 Do 9% C42 • .. 800 19.0 .. 

168 128 
27 18 

375 253 
294 194 
120 86 
679 559 
260 195 
15'. 6 
318 183 
206 133 
120 B5'i 

195 1<0 

90 60 

75 37', 
177 131 
160 IM 
ISO 130 
IflO 115 
315 119 
285 149 
171 94 

310 193 
313 220 
848 548 
226 160 
225 1*3 
B5 52 
812 389 
264 170 
IBS 47V 
80 47 

636 498 
600 254 
113 76V 
180 94 
270 197 
83 67V 

304 204 
170 130 
137 105 

196 122 

485 340 
396 286 
145 117 
1 » 20 
810 418 
Ml 219 
252 140 
293 184 
158 90 

Ajpme Drams 

Assoc Ftanenas 

Banks (Sidney C) 

Barker 1 OOOun 
Barr (Affl 
Bassett foods 

Buram com 
Br vanang IBM) 
CaOtwr^Sl hweppm 
Cam MkM 
CWores Dams 
DO 'A' 


Bauer (Alban) 

Fitch LM* 

Gram CBOWr 
H a z Mwo a d Foods 

jj fa do v m Hdga 
Homo Farm 
Iceland Frozen 
Kwdi Sava 
Lee* (Jorwi 4 
Low* tGF) 

Law (We) 

Maanews (Barnaul) 
Mad Dada Supp 
Momson fW| 180 
N*MU (JN) (VM]M 
Merman* 77' 

Non Foods 290 

Nurtfn 6 Peacock 184 
Park Food* 132 


Rownaea Mac 425 
Saanbiay (J) 3SZ 
SaMuan (Qmn) 139 
Eorwpot ux 170 

Tara 6 Lyta US 
Taaco 341 

Unjjra 2S1 

UrfSoU 231 

wwsen & PHMp 148 



26 189 


11.6 . . 


11. In 32 16.7 



29 100 



39 35, 



10 17.4 

145 58 73 
.. .. 24* 

111 38 90 

9.7 52 117 
10 11 115 
5A .15 213 
7 A 82 258 
10 28 117 

84 Gl 112 

85 45 9 7 

95 5.1 142 

95 6.1 142 

+3 9J 
+3 32 

•-5 14.6 

• .. 58 


• -1 4 A 

+2 S3 



♦2 58 


. . 17.1 

-10 11.1 
9*6 75 


♦V 25 
+4 m« 
+4 52 

• .. 54 

*2 78 

.. 158 

♦2 65 

-1 4.1 


*2 31A 

*6 7 A 

• +3 114 

+5 108 

-1 83 


<26 275 Grand Mat 420 «+7 145 34 125 

282 IK Kennedy Brookes 250 11 08 125 

381 241 Ladbroke 358 .. 150 42215 

485 348 ion PMi HoMs *6® +10 145r 11 198 

100 77 Mount cnenons 88 2® 25140 

112 67 Pikua Or w Herab 78 +8 2.1 22 H i 

72', 4B'* Oueant Moat 58V 12,12 19 0 

413 353 Savoy HOWS 'A' 863 18 08 193 

78 29 Sum 72 «+2 13 14 173 

IK 119 TiusmouM Fan* 182 • . . 75 48 111 


221 118 
257 162 
128 TO 
301 216 
112 71 

222 148 
280 136 
145 65 

*1® 85 

42 24 

30 lSV 
*25 325 
87 14 

305 1 65 
*08 303 
52 IS', 
345 218 
81 2S 
211 52 

*28 278 
87 58 

354 248 
448 296 
197 118 
30', 13'. 
560 325 
278 160 
175 54 

IK 112 
4K IK 
*9', 38 
210 130 
61 73 

196 138 
115 K 
391 275 

45 18 

214 132 
118 73 

327 100 
3«6 3M 
450 129 
33 15 

305 220 
205 135 
103 61 

,15 80 
143 102', 
174 75 

2*3 1S3 
44'r 22 
230 79 
33, 223 
274 160 
10‘, 5V 
368 214 
24 15 

138 75 
412 277 
72 38 

S7 30 
54 28 

ISO 97 
188 »'l 

155 115 
IBS 114 
1*8 77 

255 153 


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Amber tod 
Asb 8 Lacey 

r&a* , 

Aasoc Hwn 
Avon rumor 
Agahre MaU 











49 116 


• +3 


*0 220 



60 100 




54 34.1 ' 



60 90 




50 129 



£7 214 



89 104 










12 114 


Z 80 

79 ,1.1- 


.. 54.1 



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40 177 


1 ir 

£1 146 






£7 210 



19 240 


• +16 

21 0 

11 174 



10 92 




16 115. 




24 25 4 




69 ,06 

Baker Patkns 
Banro tad 

Brakw Rand 
Barrow HaoOum 
Banon Transport 

Baynea (Cnarras) 
Bearscn Ctarke 
BrMr Caarmbes 

EWcrd (SAW) 


Bta Ut 
Btorkd QuttMl 
Brtwnghra Mtot 
Brack Arrow 



520 +10 



IK +, 

384 -7 

48 +', 


27 • 



353 -2 

28 +Y 

213 -, 

113 9-2 

119 • 

277 -2 


31 • 

305 +5 

S85 *5 


114V a *2 



2ii a .. 

" *2 


33, +8 

238 +4 

9V -V 


14 7.1 14.7 

767 145 58 
22 61 .. 
8.4 5., 8.7 

88 58 10.4 

16.1 48 148 

18 62 t*A 
,50 78 98 

75 88 108 
8.1 61 88 
. . ■ . . la* 
BEr ,5586 
10r 65 75 
95 11 168 

145 78 67 

48 45 58 

54 47 95 
68 62 14.1 

64 45 110 

2A 1.1 198 

. . . . W., 

68 17 11 4 

16* 58 ,38 
63 38 ,65 

llOn 108 
178 45 (65 

Br Suam 





I, 4'; Cwra a Snaar 

27 ID Germ a wa y Hid 
M « Oilm 
85', K'l Chamberlain Ph 
84 48 ChambvknA Hd 
255 rw CbarMr Cora 
SB8 401 cnerarm 
30 208 Ctvtsfes hit 
43 31 Cmsty Hum 
295 73 Crafts (Chaim) 
145 62 Crayton son 
530 380 CmniAj 
i9i 102 Cotoroa Gp 
38 7 comwiaa Teen 

88 81 COrtsMM 

» ® Com Sraaonory 
« 52 Cook (wmi 
506 230': COOHOn 
rn 13S Cope Atanan 


1? *3? SM’Rd, 

142 eo Cm rae ws on 


*? a+3 

166 a -2 

288 a+3 

1g +12 

76 a+4 

32'r +1V 

184 -2 

l *■’: 

506 +2S 

» •-? 
13a a+i 
1 R _ +3 

1 8 IT 1,8 
67 17 . 
18 37 108 

98 57 I, l 

48 IA ,10 
11.7 44 12* 
28 18 165 

35 68 134 
15 33 118 
14 7A 138 
. n .. 45 

179r 67 78 
3 B 67 85 
1A IB 187 
. . n .. *30 
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3, 53 115 

ss I S ” 

58 60 88 

153 88 492 

198 3* 114 

78 2A 168 
. . .105 

55 52317 
167 68 88 

154 38 7.5 

65 35 168 

53 84 11* 
25 98 08 
45 52 158 
08 15 135 

I, 0 38 111 

11 4.4 27 0 

35 55 17.0 
118 38114 
32 45 290 
55 48 11* 

II. 1 60 108 


>foh LOw Company 

1® 43 BSR 
484 308 BowAorp* 

215 104', Br Taracooi 90p P 
97 70 Brown Boren Kent 

31 10 Biagm |AF) A' 

578 440 
373 195 
220 138 
9 26 

287'.- 1*8'; 
43 22 

463 330 
275 IK', 
38V ,5V 
M 33 
220 133 
127 81 
9® 715 

231 ray, 
208 106 
253 132 
,9V 10V 
335 156 
97V 68 
116 73 
118 74 

74 26 

85 a 
91 86 

V 64 

Cabta 6 Wrretesa 

CaaanU Bac 



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Dawn 5 M« 'A' 
DshmC Newman 

Del* Rue 

Demand BWnpaig 
Dinkia Heel 

Daornn Pam 

Oomadaa tat 


dw YM 

Ch'ge pence % Pft 

+22 ZA 2.1 7 7 
62 1.1252 

*7 95 48 14 1 

*3 38 4.1 1Z0 

15 141 3,4 

18 15 105 

»+1I 138 ZO 225 
+2 m2 33 145 
11 18 . 
+3 ..114 

375 18 .. 
0.7 a 15 . . 

» . 45 09 348 

+2 179 85 105 

-V .. 

-3 32 64 .. 

,1* 64 67 
1+2 55 55 94 

+45 428 4A 138 
+4 7.2 12 1Z1 

► . 63 4.8 11.4 

+3 9.7 35 105 

05 48 175 

+2 75 22 20.7 

1+1 7A 7.6 138 
1 .. 7.1 68115 

7.6 67 65 
-1 16 38 173 


7 . . 17 55 2,4 

» . . 52 77 160 

39S 263 Eastern Prod 
1® 106 Edtxo 
3S3 1*3 EJS 
37 Z7V Bbraf 
130 85 Beep 



203 +10 
34V • .. 
113 +1 

31% 12V Efectrokra (AE) tr E24V -V 
87 51 EBat (B) 56 

29V 18V Enran £25% 9 . . 

343 215 EmMi Crora 0*7 343 a+11 

30 16V Er&aon (LM) "B" £24% 

1S3 78 ErskmeHOuM IK 

173 1,5 European Femes T71V +1 

IK 10, Do 5% Pit 117 *1 

270 139 Evorad 210 +6 

140 ID* Evade 125 • . 

15* 90 Exaanrai re 1*3-3 
415 272 Ext* 411 

42 22 Falcon 25 

37 26 FeednxAanctad 30 

IK IK Fenner (JH) 119 >1 

IK 60 He laonrar 65 

531 260 Fawns 511 -17 

47 32 Fkzwaon 

112 BE FtenAoCSW 
*9 20 Fabei 

123 K Fogarty 

143 48 11 
10.0 5A 75 
68 3A (60 
25 73 148 
58 53 122 

112 BE FMnaoGSW 104 

*9 20 Fabei 47V -1 

123 SS Fogarty 122 -1 

30', 20V Fo&as Group N/V 28 +V 

172 135 Fothorg* 4 Harvey IK +1 

SB 43 Franch {Thomas) 65 a.. 

112 64 GEI Ire 102 

344 188 GKN 334 +3 

7B0 200 Gfl 275 -5 

84 55 Gkfton Eng 77 

IK 99 Geattmer 131 a-1 

148 54 Owns 141 -1 

10V 533', Gtavo 992 +17 

323 ,84 Glynwad 318 *6 

87 36 Gomme K -1 

640 433 Otxtag Kan 460 a.. 

201 65 Grampian Http 190 +2 

312 1® Granada 278 a +6 

,SV ?’i Grow toe* 9*. 

7* 39 Hadrt Pradnon 69V 

162 ,14 HtfGM 
188 138 Hod (Mf 158 

230 143 HAM 190 9 .. 

245 155 Hakna 243 

34 19% Hanpaen tad 30*. a . . 

62 35 Huron 42 

,91 133', Hanson IK +4 

IWM35 Do 86 Cat fl 82V a +4 

112 HV DO 5V% 112 +2V 

156 92 Harareavas ,49 

IK 127 HarntPnM 135 

541 3S9 Havrkor SttMey 531 +12 

121 68 Hawley 120 +9 

121 73 Hay (Norman) its 

,72 120 l isp wrath Caranxc 188 +4 

128 55 Hester 120 -1 

92 54 HewM (J) 85 +2 

140 58 HMtgara 6 Job 135 

83 02 Hairs Bros 74 

94 07 Hon Lloyd H -1 

■82 100 Hatetosora 176 

is 7 Howaro MecMnara .. 

104 87 Howdan 100V +1V 

14V Fa Hudson Bay C12V +V 

288 IK Huang Aaooc 2S5 

106 SO Hunttag Group 6S 

288 van HUCMBI Wherapoa 229 -4 

,55 K M ,47 +, 

315 ISO Isobral 27B 

310 205 Jackson* Bouma 293 . .. 

133V 93 Jarama Math 106 -IV 

506 423 Johnson CMnnere 508 +4 

178 S3 Jcfnson Mannay 173 -2 

34V if': Johnson 5 FB 3, +V 
275 IK Jonrwrai 273 

35 41 jonaa 6 Shaman H -1 

171 114 Jounton (Thorax^ IK 

3 fi 22 aaramezoo ■ . 25 . .. 

32V 22V KSton 32 . -V 

240 1® KtkMT Wl 235 • 

12B 76 KannMy Smekl 128 

365 236 Karshavr (A, 200 a .. 

208 155 Krata (RM nytatiaoa- . .. 
148 80 Kta-eia 148 





190 . a .. 


30*. a .. 


IK +4 

112 +2V 


531 +12 

34 13 

303 IK 
282 MO 
174 K 
B5 25V 
SB 24V 
44 25 

83 62 

K 27 
72 32 
31 20V 

232 175 

138 83 

65 K 
in «9 
390 157 
373 221 
*4 35 

41V 22V 
363 1*4 
153 87V 

47 34 

239 112 
88 45 

E30 206 
68 51 

129 70V 

(07 51V 

96 *5 

92 37 

77 53 

416 285 
MO 379 
172 106 
75 » 
85 55 

85 56 

188 128 
275 187 

130 69 

25V 9 
202 110 
144 74 

K 26 

224 147 
253 148 
305 165 
2*8 123 
798 285 
466 288 
31 11 

97 73 

406 258 
400 99 

14 4V 
445 2*8 
72 48 

735 490 
300 183 
31* 238 
148 39 
99 5EV 
,09 79V 

172 77 

133 72 

K4 288 





Lae (Antxx) 

17 45 133 

18 QJ 80 1 
16 28 ISA 

210 58 148 
07 a* 222 
.. ..-W8 

,04 18 173 
4 1 48 11.1 

95 5.7 122 
23 1 1M 0.4 
13 53 228 
114 49 114 
2.0r 18 223 
21.4 78 234 
157 73 98 
7.1 48 318 

05 18 205 
58 22 233 
O0 28 117 
51 as 117 
21 12 88 
10 58 78 

Lon UMbaj 
Do Old 
Lon 5 Non 
Lon tad 

Longton tad 

Low 8 Sonar 
ML Noga 
ME Ml 
MV Dart 

M a n ga n ai a i 

Do A’ 

Marshals IBM* 

Modal Cods 
Madras Sonars 

Park Place 
Pe nan jr 

Paste Consir 67 

Portals. 730 

Porter cnedban 228 

Pimo* Dulftyn 282 

PrestMch HUgs 
PrUchani Sera 68V 


RadtaM Mate 129 

Rank Ore 524 

Ransome Sms 160 

ReMMtS (Gl Bnogaj 110 

sssro'sr s 

Road ExaadM 222 

Reed tat 814 

gs 2 

Rcarda Eng 156 

Rtafrard (Lraci) 71 

Rctrarasan west 27 

Robertson Ras 128 

Roranson (Tbomas) 22S 



.. 226 



4.1 110 



30 .. 




63 WL7 




69 11 




1.4 123 




106 82 


• +5 


32 192 


• .. 


26 21.7 



TZSr 36 (£3 



10 210 










. •+6 

IlSn 17 170 




£1 254 




53 102 




09 112 



49 123 




14 207 




70 67 








10 92 




44 159 












36 140 




36 96 




66 86 




40 114 



76 70 




11 152 




69 112 



46 159 




42 110 


0 .1 X 04 124 




52 12 




11 119 



£5 610 



56 1,0 



54 11.7 



40 110 




16 210 






£6 172 



.. 4 23 


• .. 

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04 35.1 


• .. 






42 9.6 


• .. 


10 11.7 




16 149 


+V 54 
• 58 

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141 105 Rotorfc 
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280 130 Spoor 8 Jacfcraxi 
172 35 Spencer Ctek 

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48 25 135 
35 34 145 

1.7 15 215 

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Pnca Qrpi Ptnca % 

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1TB 104 Tktoook 172 +9 U . U 238 . 

248 IS Tootons (PH) 271 a+1 15 1827.8 

<00 300 Trata(gar Wum 318 -10 ,64 52 8 6 

231 ,98 Traroareiaaresl 213 •-! 98. 45157 

IS WSV Transport De* MB +1 II 58T48 

19V P* Trenwood W, -t 23.1 

90 38 TrMtas ISO SIwOV - 

94 29V Topes - 94 .. 28 r 31 144 

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220 84 UNO - 218 +» T.l 38ML1 

12* 20 UHgreup 114 18 1A3&4 

16VBK UnSner C1*% -V 608 35 H» 

63V 44V UnSira (W) ES9V +1% ... ... .. 

236 184 VMor 2M -2 87 11,07. 

433 710 Wen 431 - +13 488 43 115 

140 78 Vidor Products 1TB H U«» 

208 ,01 VtaMfl . ' 183 -• a -0 45r 24 328 

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S5 38 WSL - .. « 

174 1 TO wsdePwanes wo . . 43 28 152 

218 98 W eraui 2,5- +5 2.1 18 

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185 145 W ate i am s i» a+1 5.1 2*212 

298 81 wpsrat (R Kaferta) 2M ... 23 S>B XD 

277 180V Wedgwood zrr +s tot 19 hi 

57 40 Whir 96V +1 4.10 47 73 

23 a vraanai 21 

119 45 W ae dan d 75 43 57 268 

118 66 Wests lira 75 67 192 

285 195 WhsnnaiRHte 250 +5 1, 12 228 

112 8« vnrnsoe WO 75 73 88 

271 T3S HMecrod 221 +1 115 11 11 8 

224 126 WVfcai (James) 188 94 50 IU 

530 IK VW kJrru HMgi 529 +8 »8 15 288 

IK ,28 Wto dp 158 . . ,14 72 465 

538 137 Watsstay-Hughes 538 +18 ,41 25159 

91 48 Wood lAflter] 70 58 71 54 

*0 16 wood (SW) 27 -I 1.4a 52 85 

60 15 Wbodhaa* B RJX 72V -3V 19 50 9 l3 

» « WymOvre Eng 67 £1 £4 175 

603 370 7m row 559 .. 208* 38 12.1 

(70 H Young 90 .170 38 £317.1 


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299 174 
293 208 

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435 278 
883 515 
4(3 332 
794 255 

904 709 
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Marsh 5 MCLai 




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TO Branl fate IDS 

22 carand 55 

170 ChrvsteS 213 

211 FraUtaMt. 421. 

V 51% GHA 5B>: 

35 llennurger Breaks 70 

78 Haraon irres, *iB 

93 Ini Lranra 127 

36 JtAsnx s Hldgs 35 

124 Merannsrar 160 

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383 Ratey UmU 363 

32 HJey Unw K 

wt Sag* HoiAys 222 

2,3V Semueiarai 6p 310 

5, To u en na m Hotspur 53 

92 Zooms ISO 


22 9% Ang Amar Coal 

1TV.5J® Ang Am 
79 28-7 Am GPd 
61 V 26V AAIT 
®v 2 i ■- AMbvsai 
41 21 Do -A" 

2B5 158 AiarMwn 
787 255 etymon 
IBP n BracMm 
37 12V BoRcis 

392 233 CHA 
IDO 52 Caw Boyd 
584 397 Cons GoMflaUs 
506 257 Da Baras 
2S0 95 Deeftresl 
16V 5V Doombireem 
23% 8’. Dneftreem 
12V 3V Dwben 
31 8 ,43 E Deggas 
780 275 Etekfirand 
,60 128 B Ore 
2^ BS. EMM 
* 233 E Hand Gold 
730 2% E Prod Pip 

9 7V (SC™ 

213 64 FB Day 
246 43 OserorDn 
11 tv Genual 
12% 4% Gan ktag 
,4V 5V GF6A 
(KB 348 GM KPgoral 
175 53 Gapeng 
850 230 Greonifa 
216 ,UV Kranpun Ararat 
13V ft Hannraty 
S2S ,90 Hants 
87 40 Joh n nra s 
18 % bv torross 
6% 3V Wool 
276 87 LrePa 

20% 7*» LJreion 
*23 193 LorOna 
1B6 1,0 HIM 
» 21 Ma Miatei MUng 
,75 70 Martra te a 
36 MV Motes Exptadton 
17 7 Wwngure 

,0V 4% mm> WUs 
792 450 Rtoracp 
5V IV New Wte 
IK 99 Wi ftrorai HB 
54V 2BV NOI KtogixS 
375 195 Nortaasra 
22% ,9% Oranga Free 
280 KM Ptneran Tto 
316 205 Proo Wataend 
33V 14 Rsnd Minas Ltd 
800 275 Rand Mtaes Prop 
95 18 Ranoftrean 

308 231 Renson 
087 sa7 RTZ 
8% 4% Rusientxag 
26% 6% St Helena 

279 78 SA Land 
731V ,»•* SdWIwte 

B'iSid Staiomeki 

280 123 Sungmara 
275 ,00 Taraong 

14% B Tara 
310 106 Tronob 
865 335 UnW 
87 32% vast fleets 

644 316 VMnraposi 
170 ES VIxWcnrvIn 

US 50 VoQoht 
IS . 10V vSntoe oohenr 
73? 3m WeBKMI 
420 1*3 weswrn Areas 
39 16% Wesrarn Deep 

246 ,42 Western Mtang 
47Q 1*0 weal Rend Cons 
182 104 Wnm Creek 
31 9V WnkatS . 

107 so wu Nigel 
19 ,0 Zambia CDppar 

K 32 Zantta 

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190 97 Kenron Mew 
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335 200 Bramah SB +6 1S4 47 1£4 

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150 oo (Mgrava 

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470 360 Braowd 
174 111 Br land 
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229 295 QplGxaM 
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2*0 173 Cane otan cto 
460 400 ChroranfeM 
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168- 13S Ctifta Ntakdte 
2M K Connect 
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IBS 88 Corny W 
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20 S’. Dam 

IBS ms Estates- A Ageoey 
121 M Esraras Gen 
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92 09 Evans ot Leeds 

« 26 Five Oiks 
195 150 Frewnoro 
166 140 Grfontand 
2*8 184 Greycoat 
137 76 Htewood Go 

..ED 430 Hamnanan 
61S 415 DO 'K 
183 93 Hancraar 
280 198 Hartsngar 
6*0 44* Hit tt uai s 
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3,5 262 ltaTta Prop 
64 35% land tmedors 

332 255 Land Saombas 
605 IK Lon 8 Edta TSt 
205 ,02V Da 6%% 

326 2,6 Len 5 ftp* Strap 
171 119 Lon Shop Prop 
3 25 286 lynkm 
360 255 MS>C 
m » Meta nay 
130 105 Mtfay Sacs 
107 35 uartheuh 
126 125 Marram uoore 
70 so Mtebranugh 
225 120 Maura E* 

650 239 MautWIgn . 

2S8 Mauntviow 
97 78 bteC k Wr (A60 

24 12 Muaanal 

82 70% Near (Steanraa b 

51 25 Peftoata 

280 230 Peachey 
202 176 Prop A Rev 
132 107. Prop. Hldgs 
125 98 Prop Sectary 

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325 ITS Spejtaawk 
104 144 Stand Sacs 
519 405 Brack COPMrtdon 
80 54 SaxUw 
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240 IK TnVard Paft 
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-rJ 4 ' 

US checks 

sufe*;!* ■ 


-.1 -■*-.. 

*i ** ’’VI 1 


From B&iley Morris • 
'Washington . 7'. 
The US Congress ; has 
launched an urgent mvestira- 
uon into the . .health - of 
America’s 3,200 savings and 
loan institutions which have 
been badly bruised by tailing 
loans and . deposit runs. • 

Both the US Senate and 
House banking committees, 
are trying to . determine ■ 
whether the Federal insurance 
system is adequate* ■ 7 

Congressional officials will 
also examine the resources 
available to the Federal De- 
posit Insurance Corporation. 

Industry analysts estimate 
that up to 0 ne third of the 
3,200. savings associations are 
in danger of going under. ■ 

Join EMS now, says 
independent group 

BySwah Hogg, Economics Editor ■ 

Britain should target its get^ beheve that this should be i 970s, the committee believes 

exchange rate, and preferably 
now become a full member of 
the European Monetary Sys- 
tem at an exchange rate of 
about three marks to -the 
pound, according to aninqui- 
,ry report by an independent 
group of bankers, -industriai- 
- ists and academics yesterday. 

: This is ihe conclusion of the 
majority of a committee set up 
by . the Public Policy Centre, 
paired by. Cord Croham, 
chairman of Guinness . Peat 
and. formerly Permanent Sec- . 
retaiy to the Treasury. 

based on “zones" set by the 
Government, independently 
of the EMS. 

The committee included 
Professor John Williamson, 
Senior Fellow of the Institute 
of International Economics in 
Washington, who has made 
detailed calculations of a “fun- 
damental . equilibrium ex- 
change rale" for the pound. 

This suggests that sterling is 
still overvalued. According to 
the. committee, a figure of 
about 70 on sterling's trade- 
weighted index would be ap- 

■ However. three members of pro prate, about 5% per cent 
tne committee.- while agreeing. below present levels. 

that the Govienurient should 
declare an exchange rate tar- 

Since the collapse of fixed 
exchange rates in the early 

Accident i 

v : .s 

31st DECEMBER 1985 

The audited accounts for the year to- 31st December 1985 will 
be published on 14th Aprfl 1986, but preliminary and 
unaudited figures for 1985, with actual figures for 1984, are as 
follows:- . 

Premium Lactone V ’.’. v J ! ■ ' ? 

General Business ..:.;;......,.........—:,.,.^.. 

. Long TerraBusiness„ 

* ' • ’ ’• ‘ 

ProfitandLoss Accoont . , . 

Investment Income (see note/. 

Underwriting- General Business Result ...... •V mm~m „ a i^i-iva ■••imM 

Long Terra Business PrdfTls, 





Less Interest on Loans . 

Profit before Taxation... ; . 

Taxation-U.K. and Overseas;... 

Profit after Taxation; :.... — 7...:....-..*. 

Minority Interest and Preference Dividends ....... .'. 











- 10 • 




(10.0) , 






Profit for the year available^ Ordinary Shareholders.. ^343 9.8 

Earnings per Share . 20-5p‘ 5.9p 

Dividend per Share .V. • 22.0P • ■ 20.0P 

Net Assets per Share 940p 828p 

Note- Investment Income which increased by 11.9% in original 
currencies excludes £ll-5m (1984 £10.7m) representing amortisation 
of U.S: deep discount bonds which under the U.S.A. accounting 
conventions would be credited to eantings. . ' , 

Analysis by Territory of General Business Premium Income 
and Underwriting Result 

(before internal reinsurance) • io84 . ~ 

Premium Underwriting 
Income Result. 

rales used 


U.S.A - 

EEC other than UK 


Australia i- 

Others. including 
reinsurance ........ 

Marine and Aviation 


Premium UixJerwriibig 
Income Result 

752.6 (136.1) 
92.1 (163) 

87.8 (5.4) 

50.4 (2.8) 

1,689.0 (2683) 

rates used 

life Department 

fiom oiif Long Tenn funds, which also recorded UK new 

business production as follows: I985 . \m 

'■ - - ; •’ . £M. £M 

New Life and Annuity Premiums. 25.7 28:9 

Annual., 1 ”• 4gV 45Y 

. Single ■ ■ 

y inal Dividend for the year ended 31st December 1985 

pay ^t T,?n e 1986 The total di vidend for the year of 22.0p per 
sto^ {W- 200 P™ share) will cost £37.0m (1984 £33. 6m). 

Net Assets 

The net asset valueof the group increased during the year by 
£ 188 m to£l,580m. 

that - the system has been 
characterized - by substantial 
currency misalignments and a 
lack of discipline on national 
overspending and of incen- 
tives to co-ordinate policies. 

Its report, however, points 
out that West Germany - “a 
country which has pursued 
both monetary targets and 
relative exchange rate 
stability” - has suffered 
milder swings in competitive- 
ness than either the Uniied 
States or Britain. 

The three minority mem- 
. bers argue that the Govern- 
ment should declare its own 
independent exchange rate 
target to leave itself free to 
adopt a "flexible and pragmat- 
ic approach" in the early 
stages of the move towards an 
.active exchange rale policy. 
But the majority believes that 
a commitment to a “function- 
ing and successful 
mechanism" like the EMS has 
greater credibility, which 
would lead to a “much quicker 
build-up of market 

The majority favours enter- 
ing the EMS with wide fluctu- 
ation margins for the pound 
(allowing it to move by 6 per 
cent either side of a central 
rate, as for the lira), at least for 
an inilia] period. 

Instead of waiting for the 
pound to fall to a lower, more 
suitable level for entry, the 
committee “on balance" fa- 
vours immediate entry, but 
with margins around a “cen- 
tral rate" rather lower than 
present market rates. 

The committee is to publish 
a fuller report in May, but it 
derided to present its princi- 
pal conclusions in advance of 
the Budget decisions on mon- 
ey and exchange rale policy. 


Protech International (UK): 
Mr lan Bacon and Mr Jeremy 
Burch ell have become manag- 
ing directors. 

- . Wrightson Wood: Dr Colin 
Wall has been made a direc- 

Kleinwort Benson: Mr 
Calftnn McCarthy and Mr 
Graham Pimlott have been 
named as directors. 

Ocean Transport and Trad- 
ing: Mr Peter Izod Marshall 
has become a non-executive 
director. . - V ■' ' ■' 

Ndrinan, Broadbent inter- 
national: Mr T G Parry 
Rogers has been named as a 
non-executive director. _ 
•Dobson Park Industries: 
Mr B PoaJson. has .become 
technical director. Mr :I$ C 
Townsend is to be financial 
director, replacing' Mr G H 
Edwards, who is to be a non- 
executive director.' 

Alan Hurt, above, has been 
appointed as director of legal 

services for Honeywell 

British Steam Specialties: 
Mr Roy D Thompson has 
become an executive director. 

Gartmore: Mr Jeremy 
Soames has joined the board. 

BestobelU Mr Roy Thomas 
has been named as a non- 
executive director. 

ARC: Mr John Draper has 
become managing director, 
south eastern region. 

Price Waterhouse: Mr R J 
(Tom) Walls has become di- 
rector. public sector services. 



ICS: Interim dividend 5 per 
coil (same) for the six months to 
Ocl 31, 1985. Turnover £6.36 
million (£5.68 million). Pretax 
profit £513.456 (£502,775). 

Earn 'mgs per share 3.58p 

MENTS: No dividend for the 
year to Ocl 31. 1985. Pretax 
profit £24.000 Goss £143.000). 

per share OJp {las 


• CRUSTS: Interim dividend 
0.3Sp for the six months lo Dee. 
29. 1985. Turnover £2.12 mil- 
lion (£752,000). Pretax profit- 
£267.000 (£95,000). No tax (nil). 
Earnings per share 5.67p 
(3.69p). . 

More company news 
on Page 22 


Adam & Company 

BCC1 I2vi% 

Citibank SavinqsT — ..12*4% 

Consolidated Crds 12*% 

Continental Trust 12te% 

Co-operative Bank _.12H% 

C. Hoare 8 Co 12W% 

Uoyds Bank „.12h% 

Nat Westminster 12v»% 

Ruval Bank of Scotland Ifcrt 

7SB 12W% 

embank na_ 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 



Dare we say it? As the moment 
of the Big Bang approaches, many 
people remain uncertain as to how 
it is all going to work. 

At Phillips & Drew we have 
decided to take the plunge. 

We are currently producing a 
series of guides to the Big Bang. And 

— -j: . \ . •pga cftuc — 

now available. 

It states how we see the Big 
Bang affecting gilts, how we envisage 
the new market maker system 
working, whv access to capita! is vital 
- and why we have dedded to go 
for the 100% solution at the earliest 

The 100% solution (as the 
brochure explains) indudes our 
dedsion to acquire 100% of jobbers 
Moulsdale & Co. 

Moulsdale & Co. is a very 
innovative firm. For example, all their 
bargains are fully computerised. 

Not surprisingly, they are 
currently enjoying enormous 
expansion. So. indeed, are we: and it 
became dear that 100% ownership 
was going to be the way for both of 
us to continue our growth. 

Similarly, the brochure explains 
why we ourselves are now owned 
in turn by Union Bank of 
Switzerland, as was announced in the 
press last weekend. 

For it means that already, six 
months ahead of the Big Bang, we 
are assured of substantial capital 
backing from one of the greatest 
banks in the world. 


And it also means that we can 
use the time between now and 
October constructively, concentrat- 
ing on client service rather than on 
internal problems. 

These are but some of the 
subjects dealt with in our Big Bang 

Whether or not you are a dient, 
we believe you will find it helpful and 

To receive a copy, just write to 
lohn Lewis or John Wodfenden at 
Phillips & Drew Moulsdale. 

St Alphage House West Wing, 

St Alphage Garden. Fore Street. 
London EC2Y 5BQ. 

Phillips &Drew 

Phillips &Drew Moulsdale 

Commercial Union 


to 31 December 1985 

“Current trading is improving and the 
Directors recommend a maintained 

An unaudited operating profit of £.2m. before taxation and a special 
United States claims provision of £59m m respect of discontinued 
business, was earned tor die rear ro 31 December 1985 ( 1984 loss 
£72 3m). The loss attributable to shareholders, after taxation and the 
special United States daims provision, was £ 30. 5m ( 1984 loss 
£34.9m). Shareholders' hmdsamounred to £ 1 .161m after the 
inclusion of a value of £90m for die Northern Non - Participation Life 
fund from which aO profits accrue to shareholders. The Directors 
recommend a maintained final dividend. 

Operations outside the Uniced Srates produced an operating profit 
before taxation of£lI9.8m ( 1984 £74. 1m). while a loss of £ JI9.6m. 
before taxation and the special provision, was sustained m the United 
States { 1984 loss £ 146.9m). 

In underlying terms non-life premium jncome showed a reduction of 
6% and investment income or l^u. This was a consequence of die 
reduced level of our operations in die Uniied States. 

Life operations continued to grow and fife profits increased to £80. 3m. 

In the United Kingdom, there was a sharp improvement in the 
operating profit before taxation. The result reflects the actions we have 
taken in underwriting and pricing which led to improved cbims 
experience in most major classes, particularly for commercial business. 

In the United States, following management changes in 1983. a 
major programme of corrective action was introduced and 
implemented. The objectives of this programme have now been 
achieved with the final action taken at the end of 1985. 

A most important element of the programme, new completed, wasa 
review of daims practices ro establish confidence in the adequacy of 
daims provisions. In 1984 a more conrervanre approach than that 
used previously was established, and in 1985 u-e were also able to 
benefit from external actuarial advice. In 1985 the underwriting result 
induded the effect of strengthening price vears' daims provisions bv 
£l 39m ($200m), of which £42m ($60m) was contributed by the 
exceptional surplus release from our Uni red States pension fund. 

In addition, as protection against further adverse development in 
respect of prior years' daims for the discontinued Special 
Underwriting Group business, reinsurance protection of £ I39m 
($2C0m) has been given to our United States subsidiary. This Has cost 
our London operations £59m (585m). which has been charged as a 
special provision, and Has been used ro purchase securities, with u face 
value ot £l39ra ($200m), laving matunrv dates in the 1990’s and 

later, when any daims materialising could be expected to be paid. 

The Board believes, based upon our ftiremal anaJyss, complemented 
by the external advice we have received, char realistic provision has 
been made for all outstanding datms in the U nited States. 

We expea a significant improvement in profitability in the United 
States rhis year as further substantial rare increases have been 
achieved, 30% in commercial lines and 8% in personal lines in 1985. 
Excluding the adverse impact of prior years’ daims strengthening, 

1985 showed a considerable improvement over 1984 and this, 
together with the expectation of continued rate increases, sives a high 
level of confidence ro our outlook for 1986. 

h the Netherlands. Canada and Best of the World, despite the 
effect of c ompetiti ve pressures on trading conditions, satisfactory 
operating profits were achieved. 

The stability provided by life profits, the continued financial strength 
of the Cwnpanv and the improving trends in the United kingdom. 
United Stares and Canada are all most encouraging. However, at ths 
stage, die Directors consider it appropriate to do no mote chan 
maintain an unchanged final dividend and accordingly recommend a 
final dividend of 6.950p per share payable on 16 May 1986. Together 
with the interim dividend of 4.850p ibis gives a coral dividerkJ at 
] 1 .SOOp ( 1964 lL80Qp) per ihare. These dividends, including 
preference dividends for 1985, amounr to £48. 7m. 

“This announcement does not constitute hill accounts fix die rear. 
Copies of the full accounts, which have notfer been reported upon by 
the Audirors.ftTDbedttuUredro^iarehokleison20Maith 1986 and 
delivered to the Registrar of Companies after approval ar the Annual 
General Meeting which will he held on 14 April 1986. 





Premium income 





J, 75 3-2 

2.159 5 



2,655 1 

Investment income net of 

loan interest 



Underwriting result alter 

exceptional item 



Life profits 



Associated companies’ earnings 



Operating profit.' (I*»s) before 

taxation and special provision 



Special United States claims 
provision m respect of 

discontinued business 


Operating loss before taxation 

but alter special provision 



Taxjrxon and nunonrie* 



Operating loss after taxation. 

minonoes and special provision 



Realised investment garni 



Loss attributable to 


__ (305) 

1 >4.9) 

Earning per share 

- Operating Lbs alter taxation. 

minomies and special provision 



- Loss attributable to 




Shareholders’ Funds 



Operating profit/(!oss) before 

taxation and special provision 



United Kingdom 



United Stares 


1146 9) 






Rest of the World 





Rails- cf Exchange 
United States 

Commercial Union 

Assurance Company pic 

A*-U 'is-* I aXa 6 



Heywood to raise £7.8m by rights issue 

Higher profits, a bigger 
dividend and plans for a £7.8 
million rights issue are report- 
ed by Heyuood Williams, a 
manufacturer of building ma- 
terials at Huddersfieid. West 

The linai dividend for 1485 
.is being raised from 5.8p to 
4.33p. makings total of6."5p. 
compared with 6p. Turnover 
■■ expanded from £95. 1 7 million 
to £102 . 1 million, while pretax 
profit on ordinary activities 
rose from £5.6 million to 
25.52 million. Earnings per 
share climbed from I0.4p to 

Planet Group and Birming- 
ham Powder, acquired during 
1985. have been treated as 


group members throughout 

last year, the figures for 1984 
have been adjusted on the 
same basis. 

Heywood is to raise about 
£7.8 million, after expenses. 
b> the issue of up to 5.38 
million new ordinary shares 
on a one-for-four basis at i 50p 

The board reports that cur- 
rent trading results are ahead 
of last year and it considers 
prospects both in Britain and 
the US io be favourable, Ji is 
confident that the results for 
1986 will be “highly 

LEUM: Net loss for 1985. Aus 
S8.73 million (about £4.23 mil- 
lion). against a profit of A us 
S4.27 million. No dividend 

GOLD FUND: Year ro Jan. 31. 
I486. No dividend. Dividends 
and deposit account interest 
£139.356 (£210.863). underwrit- 
ing commission £4.479 (£5. 107). 
making £143.835 (£215.970). 
Net revenue £2 1 .652 (£87.736). 

Price Waterhouse 

Icvitatioa for 
Offers to Purchase 

A half-time deficit is announced 
by William Sinclair Holdings, a 
plant breeder and seed special- 
ist. at Boston, Lincolnshire. In 
the six months to Dec. 31, 1985, 
the company made a pretax loss 
of £129.000. against a profit of 
£31.000 last time. Turnover 
shrank from £10.64 mOKoa to 
£10-31 million. However, the 
interim dividend is being main- 
tained at 1.65p. payable on April 
3. The board explains that the 
first-half results never reflect 
the ontcome for the foil year. 

TIONS: Mr Michael Green, the 

chairman, told the annual meet- 
ing that the current year had 
started well. Profits before tax 
were significantly ahead of the 
first four months of last year. 
With cash balances exceeding 
£20 million and no debt. 
Carlton would continue to seek 
opportunities for further expan- 
sion. i 

• F S RATCXJFFE: Half-year 
to Oct. 31. 1985. Sales SI. 14 
million <£81 S.450). Pretax profit 
£1.770 (loss £57,922). Tax nil 
(nil). Earnings per share 0.22p 
(loss 7_29p). 

dividend 2-35p. making 3.6p 
(3p) for the year to Jan. 31. 1986. 
Dividends and interest £10.46 
million (£9.26 million). Pretax 
net revenue £8.35 million (£6.75 
million). Earnings per share 

• SELECTV: The company is 
reporting for the six months to 
Sepl. 30. 1985- Turnover 

£214.000 (£48.000). Pretax loss 
£157,000 (£1 16.0X1). Tax nil 
(nil). Loss per share 1.41p 
(O.S4p>. The company 
iscolla bo rating with a con- 
sortium. CabTevision Bcdford- 

• ^SANTOS: Consolidated 
operating profit, before lax. for 
1985 was Aus $240 million 
(£115 million), an increase of 
122.3 per cenL Sales revenue 
Aus S506.5 million (Aus $287. 5 
million). Final dividend 1 1 
cents (8 cents), making 20 cents 
(15 cents). 

interim dividend for the six 
months to Dec. 31. 1985. Turn- 
over £12.33 million (£12.37 
million). Pretax loss £1.42 mil- 
lion (loss £128.000). Loss per 
share 55.4p (5p). The board 
reports that the changes made 
between Sept, and Dec. last year 
will lead to a much improved 
situation during the second half 
of this year. Early results are 
encouraging, with improving 
order books in each of the four 

i lifer- .ire iir.Kcd f" (he ;r*cl> .ind ttfx.-r.j- 
ii. m- * if the Strict • (imup. I he m.mni- miere-ts .if 
P.m-Clccinc IhiluMric- Ln ruled h.iM.-tl in Singapore, 
i-urrtnilt under liquid. Hum. 

■\ppr»«im.iieh I* m vl-'c!-. i**evllicr vviih .ismiojIcJ 
plant, equipment and pr“pvrit 


Suhaec. !■«« juc. Jinne. transport atum. **uppl>. t'lf- 
sh.tre ;ieir.ine*». p-Ti upcr.iiii'iiv and %hip>.inK. 

TRUST: Results for the year to 
Dec. 31. 1985. compared with 
the previous nine months. A 
final dividend of 2.5p (I.5p) is 
being paid on May 1. making 4p 
(3.5p). Gross revenue £3.29 
million (£2.77 million). Pretax 
revenue £2.7 million (£2.35 
million). The board is 
recommending the adoption of 
new articles of association. 

Ink-reMi-d -hi 'til J timf.iti I ho 
Liquid. iii'rs vt nil. .Mi 

rhe Prut i'-innul Liquidators 
Pun- Electric Industries Lid 
c ii Price W at erhouse 
1 Science Centre Road 
»flS-tMi l nits HoUm- 
Sinoapttre 2260 

Telephone: 56 1 -2222 
Telex: PW ANDCO RS 2.UI.W 

• TELEMETRIX: Six mouths 
to Jan. 5, 1986. Interim divi- 
dend 0.6p (same). Turnover 
£8.02 million (£8.18 million). 
Pretax loss £688.000 (profit 
£1.85 million). Loss per share 
2.8p (earnings 6pk 

The company has sold Eagle 
Transfers to Millden Signs. This 
transaction, which includes the 
sale of premises at Lichfield to 
the new Central Midlands Co- 
operative Society for use as its 
administrative headquarters, 
generates about £1 million for 
Johnson. Mauhey. 

• TOPS ESTATES: Contracts 
have been exchanged for the 
purchase of the freehold shop- 
ping centre at Shepherds Bush. 
London, for £6.45 million in 
cash. The group plans to enclose 
the malls to create a folly 
weather-protected environ- 
ment. The company intends to 
seek a foil listing at the earliest 

GINEERING: Mr Fane Ver- 
non. the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that in the first 
four months of the current year 
the group had achieved a 
substantial increase in sales and 
operating profit was up by more 
than 35 per cent compared with 
the equivalent period last year. 

• BP CANADA: The company 
has reduced its semi-annual 
dividend from 40 to 35 cents a 
share because of the current 
weakness and uncertainty about 
oil prices. 

ere’s more than 

ne reason for 

Reason 4. 

UK Banking: Midlands decision to 
provide “free if in credit” personal 
banking attracted half a million new 
customers. New Small Business Loan 
and Business Development Loan 
schemes were introduced. We extended 
..our UK Autobank network to 1300, 
including installations in Tbsco 
Superstores and Thomas Cook branches. 

Capital Markets: The purchase of 
the remainder of Samuel Montagu has 
strengthened our capability for the 
“big bang*. With the completion of the 
acquisition of W. Greenwell & Co and 
Sinith Keen Cutler, we shall have a well 
capitalised operation possessing both 
strength and experience. 

Reason 5. 

Crocker: Major efforts by Crocker’s 
management and staff ensured its 
return to profitability last year. We 
accepted the offer which Wells F argo 
made for Crocker as it was clear that the 
asset value released could be better 
deployed elsewhere in the achievement 
of our strategic objectives. 

Strategy: During 1985 we prepared a 
new strategy which concentrates on four 
market sectors — UK retail market; 
corporate customers both in the UK and 
internationally; investment banking, 
covering treasury, securities, corporate 
finance and investment management; 
and our international network, 
supporting the delivery and marketing 
of the Group’s products. 

International: Greater efficiency and 
reduced operating costs led to increased 
profit. Our new export scheme, MIDFES, 
successfully replaced short term export 
finance facilities which were ended by 
ECGD. Record profits and a public 
quotation completed an excellent year 
for Trinkaus & Burkhardt in Germany. 

Reason 6. 

Results: Pre-tax profits in 1985 rose 
by 160% from £135m to £351m. 
Dividends per share are 25.5p, the same 
as for 1984. Balance sheet growth was 
controlled and the Group’s key capital 
ratios all improved. 

This year we celebrate our 150th Anniversary as a major British bank. 

Fora copy of the Annual Report and Accounts write to the Secretary, MidlandBank pic. Poultry, London EC2P2BX. 

Law Report March 6 1986 

Councillors’ delay in setting 
rate is wilful misconduct 

shire, with a view to applying for 
the franchise for South Bedford- 

the franchise for South Bedford- 

• COMALCO (subsidiary of 
RTZ): Losses, before tax. Aus 
$18.33 million (about £9 mil- 
lion) for 1985. against a profit of 
Aus $90.38 million. Dividend, 
one cent a share, compared with 
four cents last time. Consoli- 
dated net losses, after income 
tax. Aus $69.(3 miltion (profit 
Aus $20-36 million). 

Dividend 4.5p (nil) for 1985. 
Turnover £2.9 million (£2.55 
million). Pretax profit £938.151 
(£650.686). Earnings per share 
1 1.9p (8.6pL The board reports 
that to date in the current year, 
sales are holding their own. It 
believes that good prospects 
exist for a recovery in the 
European market in the last part 
of this year, based on the fall in 
oil prices and projected growth 
in the European economies. 

Rayhedc, the London dothfng 
manufacturer and retailer, has 
been approached by a coo- 
sortfnm or institutional investors 
and managers of Raybeck 
subsidiaries which may kad to 
an offer being mM| » for the 
company. The directors advised 
shareholders to take so action 
rioattbefr shares nntit an 
announce meat is made. 

Smith and Others v Skinner 
Gladden and Others v McMa- 

Before Lord Justice GlidcweH. 
Mr Justice Caulfield and Mr 
Justice. Russell 
[Judgment given March 5] 

Lambeth and Liverpool coun- 
cillors were guilty of wilful 
misconduct which caused loss 
or incurred defiency when 
knowingly or with reckless 
indifference they, by their votes, 
caused their respective councils 
to act unlawfully by deferring . 
without a valid reason, the 
making of a rate. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when 
dismissing appeals under sec- 
tion 20(2) of the Local Govern- 
ment Finance- Act 1982 by 32 
councillors of Lambeth London 
Borough Council against the 
decision of the district auditor 
for Lambeth on September 6. 
1985 certifying the sum of 
£126,947 to be due from the 
councillors both jointly and 
severally as being loss incurred 
or defiency caused by their 
wilful misconduct and when 
dismissing appeals by 49 coun- 
cillors of Liverpool City Council 
from the decision of the district 
auditor for Liverpool who. had 
on September 6. 1985 certified 
the sum of £106.103 to be due 
fro m the councillors both jointly 
and severally as being loss 
incurred or deficiency caused by 
their wilful misconduct. 

Mr Lionel Read. QC and Mr. 
John Howell for the Lambeth 
councillors; Mr Patrick 
Clarkson for Lambeth Borough 

proper opportunity to make 
representations in response? 

Farh of the auditors did give 
to the councillors a fair and 
proper notice of the case they 
had to meet, and a proper 
opportunity to make representa- 
tions in response. That ground 
of challenge in relation so each 
appeal therefore failed. 

The decisions of the .auditors 
of September 6, 1985 were both 
validly made. His Lordship 

turned to consider the substance wrongly or not. and were thus 

of the appeals. 

Having set out the history, of 
events and the councillors’ com- 
ments, iris Lordship returned to 
the three issues which had to be 
decided in relation to each 
faml i tth 

A council bad to make a rate 
in time to ensure that they began- 
to receive their nue income as 
soon as was reasonably prac- 
ticable. unless there was some 
valid reason for delaying the 
making of the raze. 

In the circumstances of some a rate in order that du delay 

CounciT.Mr Stephen Sedley. QC 
and Miss Beverley Lang for the 
Liverpool councillors; Mr 
Charles Cross for Liverpool City 
Council; Mr Anthony Scrivener. 
QC and Mr Mark Lowe for the 
district auditors. 

WELL said that by section 20(4) 
of the 1982 Act. a member of a 
local authority who was certified 
to have caused by his wilful 
misconduct a loss or deficiency 
exceeding £2.000 was also dis- 
qualified for being a member of 
a local authority for five years. 

These appeals were therefore 
of great importance to all the 
appellants. They also raised 
issues of law relating to the 
conduct of local authorities and 
local councillors on some of 
which there was no authority 
binding the court. 

A local authority’s revenue 
expenditure was financed by 
income from three sources: (a) 
rates paid by the ratepayers; (b) 
grants of various kinds made by 
central government; and (c) 
rents for houses and other 
property leased by the authority. 

councils, delay of more than a 
few days beyond April ]. would 
be prima facie unreasonable and 
therefore unlawful. 

fa was submitted on behalf of 
the councillors that although 
Lambeth was ratecapped and 
the council objected to the Rates 
Act 1984 as an improper restric- 
tion on their powers, they did 
not in fact wish to make a raze 
higher than that permitted by 
law. The council believed they 
had cause to ask for more 
government money, and that 
they might receive more. 

Their problem was that, in 
order to make a legal rate 
without receiving more money 
from central Government, the 
council were obliged to budget 
to reduce their expenditure. 

But councillors decided that, 
if they took that step before or at 
the beginning of the financial 
year, they would not be able to 
persuade the secretary of state to 
make more foods available. So 
their decision to defer making 
the rate was both rational and 

The normal steps by which an 
authority which had full free- 
dom of action made a rate was 

SiMrM si s-ttFSwMcs 

and charges for the supply of 
goods and services. 

goods and services. 

In relation to each appeal 
there were three questions for 
the court to decide: (I) Did the 
council act unlawfully in defer- 
ring the making of a lawful rate? 

their ability, the total expen- 
diture m the year in question. 

(ii) To calculate the likely total 
of receipts from rents and 
charges, and of monies to be 
received from central Govern- 
ment. together (where appro- 
priate) with any sum to be taken 
from reserves. . 

(iii) To make a rate sufficient to 
cover the balance of (i) less (ii). 

When, however, a council 
were rate-rapped, the process 
was effectively reversed. Once 
the maximum rate was known. 


The evidence did not support 
their rase. 

(iii) became a definite amount. 

If there was certainty, or 
certainty with narrow limits. 

There was, however, an even 
more compelling argument for 
the auditor. The process of 
deriding whether, and by how 
much, to cut expenditure and 
whether, and by how much, to 
increase the rate, in order to 
prepare a balanced budget and 
make a lawful rate, inevitably 
took some time. 

Even a council which, like 
Liverpool in 1985-86. was not 
rate-capped might deride it did 
not wish to increase its rate to 

If so - (2) Were the counriOors, about the total amounts under any large extent It was dear that 

by voting in a way which 
resulted in the council acting 
unlawfully, guilty of wilful mis- 
conduct? If so - (3) Did the 
wilful misconduct of the coun- 

head (ii), the council’s task was 
so to reduce budgetted expen- 
diture down to no more than the 
total of(ii) plus (iii). 

Local authorities were under 

cillors cause the loss or de- an obligation in law to do that, 
ficiency alleged by the auditor? even though the countiHois 

Issues 1 and 2 required 
consideration, in relation to 

might regard such reductions in 
expenditure as highly un- 

each council, of the actions of desirable and politically un- 
the councillors and of their state acceptable; 

of mind. 

Neither was a valid excuse 

It was submitted that the (not was either here urged as an 

auditors did not give to any of excuse) for not obeying the law. 
the councillors a fair or proper Here, Lambeth Council knew 

opportunity to answer some of the figure of the maximum rate 
the points upon which, accord- which could be made when the 

ing to the reasons given by the secretary of state announced h 
auditors, each based his de- in early February 1985. They 

that was Liverpool Council's 
intention, which they carried 
into effect by increasing the rate 
by 9 percent. 

The only way. then, in which 
Liverpool coufd make a lawful 
rate was by reducing expen- 
diture in its budget consid- 
erably. As the council failed to 
do that, it followed that die rate 
made on June 14. 1985 was not 
a lawful rate. 

Nobody had sought to have it 
declared invalid in the courts, 
and presumably nobody would 
now do so, and it thus re- 
mained an effective rate. But it 

waSStifi tin law ful 

cision; that accordingly both knew at the same time the 

decisions were invalid and of no amount ofrate support grant the 
effect, and that the court ought secretary of state had an- 

so to declare and to quash them; nounced, their target, the effect 
and thus that the court ought of penalties, and that up to the 

not to give any derision on the end of March they had not been 
issues arising on an appeal granted the disrcgardd they 

against a valid certificate. 

His Lordship described the 
course the auditors adopted. 
When on Septe m ber 6, 1985 the 
auditors issued their certificates. 


However reluctant the coun- 
cil were to make a lawful rate 
before April 1. 1985 by 

budgetting for reductions in 

they were not obliged by statute expenditure, they had before 
to give at that stage any reason them the information to enable 
for their decisions but section them to do so. 

20(2X6) of the 1982 Act re- If thereafter the secretary of 
quired them, if asked by any state had granted disregards 
person aggrieved, to state in which effectively increased the 

writing the reasons for their rate support grant paid to the 
decisions. council, either expenditure 


Anticipating such a request. 

council, either expenditure 
could have been increased, or 

each of them supplied a state- the rate could have been re- 
mem of reasons with his de- duced. 

cision. In each rase 
statement was much 

In what way would making a 
rate at that stage have made it 

extensive and detailed than the less likely that be would grant 
notes given by each auditor on disregards later? The only Iogi- 

June 26. 1985. 

cal answer was deforing the rate 

Deciding whether the com- contained an implied threat that 
plaints that the auditors did not services would deteriorate and 

act fairly were justified required collapse, and the secretary of 
consideration of the role of an state would have to intervene. 

auditor acting under section 20 
of the 1982 Act. It was an 
unusual one. 

The auditor was ' first re- 

His Lordship accepted that 
none of the councillors in fact 
intended to allow services to 
collapse and chaos to ensue, but 

quired, as part of bis normal that they were willing to use the 
duty when conducting an audit. Uueat was the only logical 

to investigate the way in which inference to be drawn from the if - 

the local authority’s financial facts. 

ladbeen conducted a reason for not making or 

words in section 20(1) deferring the making of a rare, if lter 

. **** ““PS 9 ** °» h “" f or what would otherwise be a S" HLj 

By failing to take any steps to 
make a lawful rate in time or at 
alL the council acted unlawfully. 

There was one final point. If 
the rate made on June 14 was 
lawfoL exactly the same budget 
could have been approved, and 
the same rate made, before the 
end of March 1985. The es- 
timated expenditure. £265 mil- 
lion. was almost exactly the 
amount of the city treasurer's 
estimate in his report of Novem- 
ber 28. 1984, virtually every 
other important figure in the 
equation, save the rate itself, 
was known by mid January 
1985. There was no reason for 

The councillors’ rase, shortly, 
was that they believed that they 
were under no legal obligation to 
make a rate until June 20, 1985, 
and that they had valid reasons 
for not making a rate until 
shortly before then. They -said 
they based that on their experi- 
ence in 1 984, and no advice they 
received subsequently was to 
the contrary. 

A summary of the advice the 
councillors were given by their 
officers, and by the auditor, said 
that h would be unlawful not to 
make a rate by June 20. but 
neither said it would necessarily 
be lawful to defer rate-making 
until then. : 

W il “ , 

* -tnir u 

V untfi»' 


It was dear that councillors 
wc« given information and 
advice from which it should 
have been dear to t hem, if not 
bv the end of March. ' then 
cenairitv fry April 30. (985 (hat 
what they were doing was 
wrong " 

In continuing io vote to defer 
making a rate, the Lambeth 
councillors wilfully disregarded 
that advice, were reckless as to 
whether they were , acting 

guilty of wilful misconduct. 

The council, by not making a 
'rate, lost interest on -money 
which would have been paid if it 
had made a rate. That was 
sufficient to bring the loss 
within section 2D. 

Save for an alteration reduc- 
ing the certified amount to 
£105.836 the appeals of all the 
Lambeth 'counctUors would be 


It was submitted that the 
councillors did not defer making 

itself should act as a form of 
pressure. It was accepted that 
the council could not vmdly use 
delay in making a rate as a 

The reason for. the delay, it 
was submitted, was to attempt 
to achieve greater certainty as to 
the amount of government 
grants the council were likely to 
receive. The council always 
intended to make a rate b> June 
20; they were entitled in their 
discretion to defer until that 
date, since they Trad valid rea- 
sons for doing so. 

The major difficulty was that 
that was not the rase presented 
by the councillors in their 
affidavits. From the councillors' 
own evidence his Lordship was 
quite dear that their intention 
was to defer making a rate m 

order to put pressure on the 

secretary of sate.’ 

They believed Oat that tactic 
hadaucceeded in 1984-85. They 
tried h again, and said . in their 
resolutions that they were trying 
it again, in 1985-86. 

That was not a valid reason 
for deferring making a rate. 

Even if. Bis Lordship were to 
accept that - the councillors' 
intention were to defer the rate 

^ChuTs P 

affairs had been conducted. 

The words in section 20(1) 
“where it appears to the 
auditor” then imposed on him 

the task of deciding, on the breach of the council's duty to 
material before him. whether “a make afawfoi rate at the proper 

Iok has been incurred or de- time, had to bea reason relating 
ficiency caused by the wilful to the rate-making pr oc e s s or to 

misconduct of any person." At the rate itself 

that stage he was acting in a 
quasi-judicial capacity. 

Bui a decision to defer with 
the object of threatening the 

Finally, on an appeal such as secretary of state thatchaos 

this, he was die respondent, and 
thus a protagonist, seeking to 
support the decision be bad 

would ensue if he did not make 
more funds available was not 
based upon a reason related to 

already made. In all those the rate or rale making. It was a 
capacities he was required to act decision taken for an extraneous 

in the public interest 
.Asher v Secretory of State for 
the Environment ([1974] Ch 
208) was authority for the 
proposition that an issue as to 
the validity of an auditor's 
decision might be challenged by 
way of appeal under section 
20(3), not that it could not be 
challenged in any other way. 
That challenge, of course, arose 
after the appeal had been beard 

and derided. 

an HiTKSir^lu(l C d that raS at'ttaevervteas? foiwbeen 
Council need 

substantial amount of addi- 
tional funds, they. like their 
Lambeth coUagues, were acting 

But as a council, as a body, 
they put forward no reason at 
aJL valid or not. They simply 
failed in their duty to make a 
lawful rate, and continued so to 
fail until after June 26. They all 
must have known that they did 
nothing.umil June 14. and they 
?»ere warned that what they 
intended to do then was unlaw- 
ful. . ; . 

So the councillors knew, or 
must at the vetv. least have been 
recklessly indifferent to. the fact 

od.taSy w4d^ y -r£c Q u£ 

non was, did they know, or were 

they ' recklessly indifferent, as to would have 

d de rid ed. vKerwS? would, have been pafi if foe 

The decision therefore did not wrung? doing council had made a lawful rate. 

prevent the procedure of apply- 
ing for judicial review and at the 
same time entering an appeal 
from bring adopted, and u the 
same situation arose again, that 
was the course which should be 

The question was having 
regard to all the circumstances 
of the rase, did each of the 
auditors give to the appellants a 
reasonable and fair notice of the 
case they had to meet, and a 

:SF= : 

and were sot paid because it did 

that what they did was lawful The anneals of ihe I iuemnnl 

because rt was m the reasonable Uvtfpoo 1 

expectation of obmirfo^naore wou,d be dismissed. 


taSTof° their taoSedge 8 ^ 

solicitors: Bindmanaud Part- 
nereiMr Robert G. Broomfield, 
t^mbcih; Christian Fisher A 
Co; Mr William Murray. Liver- 
pool; Qlfibnf.Tiirnw 

Nr - 




Irtfc HMto I HURSDAY MARCH 6 1986 




England hopes 
soar after 
the unthinkable 
is achieved 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Trinidad 

i n T , 1 StoV^S‘viS? 0ry r ould tave "0" for having 
riona! un/aii interna- lost three wickets lo England's 
EE? for five ’ “ d as Gooch aSEitb 

^ S UrneIvTSSm fl f ' L?° scam P ered through for the last 
yei^ umeiy. A one-man show run, a leg-bye. Harper had a 

it may have been, but 129 not 
out was a ionic to the whole 
team, quite apart from being a 
great boost to the tour. “Gra- 
ham made us all proud of 
him," Gower said, and he 
most certainly did. 

There used to be a time 
when one of the chief joys of 
travelling around the West 
Indies with the England team 
was to watch the batsmen 
coming into their own. They 
would grow feathers which 
they never knew they had. 
That has changed now, not 
because the batsmen are no 
good any more (far from it) 
but owing to a decline in the 
pitches and the spread of fast 
bowling. On Tuesday, for the 
first time on the present tour, 

. the pitch was a really good 
one: it was that which made 
possible such a wonderfully 
entertaining game. 

I should be surprised if 
there have not been times 
during the five and a half 
weeks that we have been here 
when . Gooch has rued his 
decision to come. Now, all 
being well, he will feel pleased 
that he did. By mobbing 
Gooch as he left the field on 
Tuesday, and so separating 
sport from politics in a way 
that it has become so difficult 
to do, two black spectators 
provided the tour's most 
warming moment. 

There was a message, too, in 
the size of the crowd. 
Yesterday's Express, one of 
Trinidad's two morning pa- 
pers and a staunch supporter 
of the boycott, wrote in an 
editorial that “from early in 
the day cricket-loving Trini- 
dadians had made up their . 
minds, after weeks of protest, 
after months of reading daily 
of the blatant crime that is 
apartheid, that they prefer the 
joys of cricket to the politics of 
sport” Few can have believed 
when England arrived in ' 
Ponof Spain a week ago tbar 
nearly 20,000 people would 

shy at the bowler's wicket 
from a range of no more than 
10 yards with Gooch still 
some way from horae. 

Puring. the 37; overs of 
England's innings Gooch had 
never given up hope, and from 
each of his partners he had 
some assistance, however 
slight Smith's contribution 
was a lofted drive, for four off 
Garner, a shot that will have 
given him great pleasure. 
From Willey came two thun- 
dering boundaries to keep the 
scoring-rate at the required 
eight an over. Slack, too, 
played well enoogh to win a 
first Test cap tomorrow, 
whether Robinson is recov- 
ered from his illness or not 

Which brings me to the Test 
pitch — and to what could be 
the bad news. Although the 
groundsman has shown now 
that it is well within his 
powers to produce a very good 
pitch, he is more likely, I am 
afraid, to leave the grass on. 
What he does in this regard, or 
is told to do. will decide what 
sort of match it is. Almost 
equally well be can make 
something on which Marshall 
and Co are immensely formi- 
dable or relatively manage- 
able, at any rate for Gooch. In 
Jamaica the square was not 
level enough for a good pitch. 
Here there is no such excuse. 

There is .also the short- 
pitched bowling 'to' be reck- 
oned with. On Tuesday there 
was virtually none of it. . 
because of the one-day rule 
whereby a bouncer is a wide. 
Tomorrow it will be different; 
but at least English hopes are a 
lot higher than they were at 
the start of the week. When 
Richards was out tin Tuesday, 
having made 82 in 39 balls 
and added 117 in nine overs 
with young Richardson, it 
would have seemed .hardly 
conceivable for anyone else to - 
be made man ' of the match. 
Yet. when the game was over, 
Richards was "unavailable for 


England take gamble with 
choice of injured Simms 


v , »T ? >r«xv 

Tour’s most warming moment: Gooch is mobbed by two Trinidadians 

Batsmen get their own back 
as underdogs wag their tail 

It is always nice to see 
underdogs win, and on Tuesday, 
as England played West Indies 
in the one-day match at Port of 
Spain, there was a dramatic and 
unexpected victory there to be 
claimed by three different sets of 

Underdogs no. 1 were, of 
coarse, England. . By winning 
they defied their own pessimism, 
their own mood of depression 

Not many. I Think, of those \ ing been stolen by Gooch. 

who were there foresaw the 
possibility of an English vic- 
tory until there was only an 
over or two to go. What had 
been just as exciting for them 
was the near certainty that 
West Indies, not England, 
were going to win. After all, 
what side on earth, let alone 
one -as unsuccessful as 
Gower's had been, could ever 
score I S3 runs in the last 20 
overs of a match against 
Marshall, Garner, Patterson, 
Walsh and Harper, supported 
by some of the best fielders in 
the game and with Richards in 
charge? It was unthinkable — 
but as if by Providence, it 
happened. All that marred the 
; day was the arrest outside the 
ground of 16 anti-apartheid 
protestors on what sounded 
- rather like trumped-up 
charges. Their morale had 
been badly enough dented by 
the sight of all those people 
passing through the gates, 
without that 

Had the scores finished 

' level on Tuesday, West Indies 

. — — . . .... - fiat has been with them for 

comment”, his thunder hav-.; . jays, fa truth the best they had 

hoped for In their beam was to 
finish undisgraced. That, after 
all, wootd have been a great leap 

The trauma of the Test match 
at Sabina Park, Jamaica, art 
very deep. The political traables 
of the Trinidad leg — all the 
“racists get oat” staff — upset 
them alL Indeed, I believe that 
many England men would hap- 
pily have called it a day if they 
co old have taken the money and 
nm home. For they were denied 
the solace that is usually avail- 
able to England roaring sides 
caught np in political turmoil — 
the pleasure of playing cricket. 

The cricket had been joyless 
staff: playing was an ordeaL Too 
many people have been oat of 

- West Indies’, defeat, inci- 
dentally, was only their fourth 
m one-day internationals at 
home. Their last eight had all 
been _ won. mostly by hugh 


DL Haynes b Foster’ 53 

C A Best run out — ; 10 

R B Richardson notout 79 

1 V A Richards c Foster b Bottom — 82 

ft A Harper not out — 0 

Extras (Hi 4. tvb 1) 5 

Total (3 wkts. 37 ows) . 


, H A Games. tT R O Payne, M D Marshal. 
J Gamer, C A Walsh andSPPaueraon <*d 
not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37, 2-106, 3-223. 
BOWLING: Botham 8-1-50-1; Fbater 10-1- 
42-1: EBson 8-0-57-0; Emburey 8-2-484: 
WSfey S-0-T94. 


G A Gooch not out .129' 

I T Bctnam c Richards b Gamer 8 

W N Stock c Payne b wash 34 

A J Lamb b Gamer __ — , 16 

”D l Gower run out 9 

PWiUeyc Retards b Gamer 10 

D M Smith not oirt 10 

Extras (bl.H> 7. wb6) 14 

Total (5 wkts, 37 owr*) 230 

tP R Dowmon. J E Emburey. R M Bison 
and N A Foster did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-88. 3-143. 4- 

BOWLING: Gamer 9-1-624; Patwscm 8 
8384; Welsh 9-0-49-1: Marshal 10-1-59- 
0: Harper 3-0-22-0. 

Umpires: S Mohammed and C Cumber- 
batch. ■ 

sorts with themselves and their 
game. The last-ball win on 
Tuesday was the last thing 
anyone expected — observers, 
players and bookmakers to- 

The second set of underdogs 
to triumph In this match were 
batsmen. After the Test match 
on the Jamaican horror strip, 
one had began to wonder if there 
was any answer at all to a 
battery of four fast bowlers: at 
Sabina Park, there wasn't one. 
Some of the West Indian players 
have been saying consolingly to 
the England players that they 
would have straggled to score 
100 had they been raring then- 
own attack on that track. 

Bnt on a gentle, flat pitch at 
Port-of-Spain the bowlers were 
firing blanks. Richards and 
Richardson — there's a doable 
act for yon — took England's 
attack apart. Then Gooch did 
the same to the West Indian 
pace and fire quartet. It was a 
day when bat held sway the ball: 
one had forgotten that such days 
were possible. 

There was one more underdog 
group that won on Tuesday — 
sportsmen. For once, they scored 

a win over the politicians. The 
Trinidadians* threatened boy- 
cott of the cricket looked a semi- 
success when play started, but as 
news got round that people were 
there in thousands, not hun- 
dreds. more and more turned up. 
There were 15,000 people at the 
25,000 capacity ground by the 

And Gooch, the main target 
for all the political troubles, was 
man of the match, with a 
wonderful 129. The crowd stood 
and cheered him uninhibitedly 
when he reached his 100. They 
forgot partisanship and started 
to yell for England in pore 
delight at seeing the underdogs 
torn and when Gooch walked 
off. haring won the natch, two 
men dodged the police and ran 
on to the pitch towards him. 
Political activists? No — as a 
matter of fort they borh em- 
braced him. Sportsmen all three. 

I had supper on Tuesday with 
a man from the nearby island of 
Nevis. He was at the cricket, 
“and at the end" he said, “I 
raised my hand and cheered for 
cricket." So did we all. 

Simon Barnes 

One-day plan faces a delay 

Salim cheers Pakistan 

Galle (Reuter) - The Sn 
Lanka Board President's XI. 
replying to the Pakistanis' 2S5 
for eight declared, made a slow 
Sian to their first innings on the 
I second day of the three-day 
match here yesterday. By the 
close of play they had crawled to 
52 for one off 32 overs. 

Earlier. Salim Malik, leading 
“ the Pakistanis in the absence of 
five senior players, hit three 
sixes and seven fours in an 
aggressive 106 after hesitant 
batting during the morning. 

PAKISTANIS: fir* tmngs 

. RawarMa-ZananeandDRanwiwyai® 18 _. 

Stoat) MohafMMflcAnakwn VKdaemasiigtia. 16 vWctowaHfortB. S 

bAbeysekera — — H ^h-usokora. 5 Aniaasal. C Rw* 
Qasen Omar c WammktajjSHJjV* a nayaka and K N An atom to bat 

* RameBtRajacMahanamafiAnurasm 58 

•Salim Mart c sub bAbaysefcera — 108 
Sa»m Yousaf c and b Armrasrl — 1 
Wassn Akram c Butonkutema b Armtoen 3 
Zakir Khan c Butonktoame b Amriean . 4 

Tauseef Ahmad not out 14 

-tzuknmain norout • ■ — — 0 

Extras (b 1. to 4, w 1. nb 5) 11 

Total 0 wkts dae) 285 

Mohski Kama) did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-27.239, 3-123; 4- 
1S7. 5-170. 5-193, 7-223. 8382. 
BOWLING.. Bamana yfce 17- 240-1; Ama- 
lean 16-5-52-2: Abmraefciera 48HM08Z: 
Anurasm 37-11-72-3; Butankutoma 1-1-0- 

BOARD PRESIDENTS Xfc First innings 

•SWamakutasunya notout 39 

D Btfankulame bTausmt 10 

O Ranatuoga not out 3 

Total (iwktj 52 

R S Mahwama, H P TfflakeramB. O 


Charies Palmer, the chair- 
man. already knows that his 
working party’s recent report on 
English cricket is unlikely to be 
accepted, in its entirety, by the 
Test and County Cricket Board 
(TCCB) at their spring meeting 
at Lord's today. The Board's 
finance committee, for instance, 
are stiff studying the implica- 
tions of the controversial pro- 
posal that less one-day cricket 
should be played. 

No other recommendation 
has drawn such vociferous and 
hostile criticism from the coun- 
ties. who see a lucrative source 
. of income threatened. Mr 
Palmer’s nine-man inquiry, 
with a brief to find ways of 
raising Test match standards, 
blamed the Hmited-overs game 
for modern technical faults. 

To help counterbalance this, 
the working party advocated a 
championship of eight four-day 
and 16 three-day games. To 
make room on the calendar for 
the extra days, they proposed 
that the John Player Special 
League programme should be 
halved by playing it in two 
divisions; and that the Benson 

By Richard Streeton 

and Hedges Cup should become 
a knock-out event from its first 

All these experiments now 
seem certain to be referred back 
by the counties, who remain 
unconvinced that the best pos- 
sible England team has to be the 
game’s main priority. With 
fixtures planned a year ahead, it 
means it could be 1988. or later, 
before the domestic structure 
changes — and then only if the 
gulf narrows between those 
holding the two opposing points 
of view. 

Mr Palmer is philosophical 
about the immediate delay, 
though he desperately hopes for 
positive action to emerge from 
the TOCB’s meeting in August 
or December. “We have put 
forward ideas, pointing the way 
ahead," he said. 

“1 can see that it would be 
wrong for them to be rushed 
through. They must be tested in 
debate. Those unwilling lo make 
financial sacrifices initially, 
though, will have to take the 
responsibility if English cricket 
standards continue to decline." 

Several less contentious as- 

pects of the Palmer report are 
expected to be approved by 
today's meeting, which brings a 
comforting reminder that the 
new cricket season is only six 
weeks away. A return could be 
made this summer to uncovered 
pitches in the championship and 
the first steps taken towards co- 
ordinating coaching schemes 
across the country. 

Other items on the agenda 
include registration matters, 
such as Alvin Kallicharran seek- 
ing to become English-qualified 
and the election of a Test 
selector to succeed Alec Bedser. 
He has resigned to concentrate 
on his role as Surrey presidenL 

There are three candidates 
seeking to join Peter May 
(chairman). Alan Smith and 
Philip Sharpe on the panel. 
They are Fred Titmus I Middle- 
sex) and David Allen (Glouc- 
estershire). both former England 
off spinners, and Roy Booth, a 
former Worcestershire wicket- 

Delegates will also be asked to 
approve a new way this year to 
decide rain ruined one-day 


Army’s victory 
rewarded by 
triple honours 

By Sydney Frisian 

RAF ■h,*— ■ 

Army- — 

■■ The Army's deCT'sive victory 
over the RAF at Wdlesden 
■» yesterdav enabled them to com- 
plete the’ Services championship 

- with triple honours. They n> 

- utined the senior title, won The 

. WSEffwjS 

they had defeated 2-0 on the 
previous day. • 

- The' Army, for whom Gordon 

• and Jctmmgs were outstanding, 
took the lead in the twenucth 

• mimne with Jennings conjgr 

ingashortew™ S aft S a *S2 

4 i on be Jolly- .After 12 minutes 

offoe second half 

RAF on level terms- Bui Jen- 

- nings convened ****** 

. comer to put the 

again and three more goa*. 

two bv Jennings 

penalty) and Jolly r completed 

the rout- . 


Oxford and 
all squar e 

By William Stephens 

Oxford and Cambridge go 
into today's singles rubbers level 
in the University real tennis 
match, sponsored by George 
Wimpey. after each winning a 
doubles at Lord's yesterday. 

On Tuesday. Cambridge- won 
the racket* match when they 
defeated Oxford 4-3 in the 
deciding doubles at Queen's 

University marefi: Oxford 1. Cambridge * 
(Oxford namts taft DpliWaK J A~Sins 
(Storytorei and Queens) and MHarper 
and Trewyi to A J W Page 
(LiflCfofl mi Jesus) and I D Rcsr 
fUefenston Castle and Rotxnnn). 94. 8- 

Had] and P R V Maxwmfl (Wfocn yty aid 
a catfienne's) lost to w M Fantnras 

6 ’ RACKETS: Queen's Ctutc IMvarsrty 
m^Tcamtodga 2. Oxford 1 jCam- 
fendge names firat): Smgjfts: AMSpwtoy: 
SSStogeato TJmty HaH] DtCEflU HfS 
/wtfisftasMf and BraaenoMk 153 15-8. 
15_4- ’ Fairbama ioM to S G Harford 
Mfinbttsarand 9t John!*). 16-18. 6-1 5. 
£.15 Doubles: Scuffing m Febtamaut 
ittUandHartorct, 15-5,10-13, 18-7, 10-15. 
17-16. 13-18. 153. ’ ' ^ 


Council extend 
season by 
only 4$ hours 

By Keith Macklin 
Although there is a huge 
backlog of championship and 
cup fixtures, the Rugby League 
council yesterday decided to 
extend the season by only 48 
hours. This applies to first 
division fixtures, with the sec- 
ond division able to go on to 
Sunday. May 1 1. if necessary. 

. Council members had little 
room for manoeuvre, with a 
tight schedule in both champ- 
ionship and cup. The • first 
division season was due to end 
on Sunday. April 20, and win 
now end on Tuesday. April 22. 

The premiership first round is 
planned to start the following 
weekend. April 26 and 27, with a 
tight programme leading to the 
final on a fixed date and place. 
May 18 at Elland Road. Leeds. 
The Silk Cut Challenge Cup 
final is also immovable, with the 
traditional early May date at 
Wembley on May 3- 
Ray MordL Wigan’s South 
African winger. . has had an 
operation for the removal of a 
“floating” piece of bone in his 
knee and out ofihegame 
for a month. Diary, page 25 


Kelly a sprint winner 

Trom John Wiicoclcson, Le Rooret, Ardeche 

With a typical opportunist 
effort. Sean Kelly won the third 
stage of the Paris-Nice race 
yesterday to increase his overall 
lead in the 750-miles race to 19 
seconds over Bruno Wojtinek of 
France. The 127-mile stage 
followed the pattern of the 
previous two, with a long, solo 
break - this time by Eddy 
PlandcaerL of Belgium - 
preceding yet another mass 
sprint in which Kelly got the 
better of his pursuers. 

On a spectacular route 

through the Ce*enne$. 

Planekaert made his more on a 
narrow, winding desc- 

enigainingl 1 minutes within 30 
miles before being pulled in 12 
miles from the finish. . 

RESULTS: Thrd stage (127 
imtos): St Etonne to Le Rourar. 1. S Kelly 
(ire) 5nr 4Smm 53sec 2. A Gumerez (Sp): 
3. S Bauer (Can), a. B Wopnek (Fr). 5. P 
Le leu (Frj. 6. G Le Mono (US) - all same 
Nne . Overalfc 1 . KeRy 1 6tv taiwi 31 sec: 2. 
Wftftfteh at 1 9WC 3, T Mane (Fr| 23sec: 4. 
Le Mono Z7sec 5, G Dudos-Lassafle (Fr) 
29sec. 6.C Beram (Fr) 33sec 

Kevin Simms, of Cambridge 
University, has been named in 
an unchanged England team to 
pia> France in Paris on Saturday 
week, when this season's five 
nations championship will be 
decided. Simms, who pulled a 
hamstring playing against Ire- 
land last Saturday, has until 
Monday to prove his fitness. 

Medical opinion after the 
Irish game was that Simms, 
himself a medical siudenL was 
unlikely to be fit again by 
Saturday week. He is having 
physiotherapy on the injury all 
this week, however, in die hope 
that the strain will case suf- 
ficiently: nevertheless the selec- 
tors are taking an obvious 
gamble naming a player who 
may be forced to withdraw. 

Scotland, too. have named an 
unchanged squad for their game 
against Ireland in Dublin on the 
same day. Milne, the Harlequins 
light-head prop, will have the 
opportunity at Sunday's squad 
training to indicate his recovery 
from an ankle injury" otherwise 
there was never any doubt that 
the team which beat England by 
27 points would go in against 
Ireland looking for a share at 
(east in this season's champion- 

England will not have a squad 
get-together at the weekend 
because several players are in- 
volved in John Player Special 
Cup matches on Saturday and 
two more. Underwood and 
Richards, play for Leicester 
against Broughton Park on Sun- 
day. The Park asked for a 
Sunday game because O'Brien, 
their full back, is involved on 
Lancashire's behalf against 
Warwickshire the previous day. 

To that extent it does not 
matter too much that a change 
may have to be made at centre, 
since the players come together 
next Wednesday evening and 
leave the following day for Paris, 
where they will have their main 
training before the game against 
France. (The French team is 
expected to be announced over 
the weekend.) 

It is unsettling, however, for 
the backs and there remains the 
possibility that even if Simms 
passes a fitness lest early next 
week, the injury may recur 
either in training or during the 
match. It is the son of situation 
best avoided by naming a player 
of whose fitness the selectors 
can be assured, particularly 
since they have three alter- 
natives in Salmon. Halliday and 
Palmer, all of whom have been 
closely involved in England's 
preparations this season. 

The threat to Andrew's po- 
sition at stand-off half receded 
against Ireland when he took the 
bull by the horns and played a 
challenging, exciting game. His 

By David Hands. Rugby Correspondent 

judgement may not have been 
perfect in every situation — of 
how many players can you ever 
say that? — but his tactical 
kicking was excellent and. on 
other days, one of his breaks 
may result in a try. If only he 
could be certain of gelling the 
mundane chores right, the drop- 
outs and the touch-finders. 

There ma> have been grum- 
bles over his goal-kicking in the 
last two games but in both 
matches, against Scotland and 
Ireland, there was an awkward 
wind and the point is that his 
ability m this respect is praten. 
He missed only three out of 
seven place-kicks Iasi Saturday 
and while Scots will point to 
Gavin Hastings's remarkable 
100 per cent record against 
England, wind or no wind. 
Hastings himself will be the first 
to admit that not every day is as 

ENGLAND (v France): G H Devie* 
(Wasps). M E Hamson (Wakefield). K O 
Surana (Liverpool). F J Clough (Orrell). R 
Underwood (Leicester). C R Andrew 
(Nottingham). N O MelviOe (Wasos. cap- 

tainL O J cwieon (Bath), s E Brain 
(Coventry). <* S Pm«» (Northampton). P 
J WtatMtooCom (Hwongtey). W A Dootey 
(Preston GraastoPpwsi. M J Cofcfoogh 
(Swansea). G W Raw (totwx^am), D 
flfctianis (teKaotan- Hep tmoman tK j A 
Palmer (Bath). S Barrara (Baih). R MB 
(Bain). PAG Rtndefl (Wasps). A W 
Simpson (Sale). P Cook iNorongham): 
SCOTLAND (v Itetondk A 0 Hastings 
(London Scottish}; U OF Demean (West pt 
Scotland). D 1 Johnston (Watsontans). S 
Hastings (Watsonansk G R T MW 
(Keisoi. J r Rutherford (SeltoH R J 
LmUn (Jeo-Forasft A K Brewster 
(Siewart s-MehnUe FPL C T Deans 
(Hawick, captain). I G Mine (Harteaums). J 
Jeffrey iKetoo). A J Campoefl (Hawick). I 
A M Paxton (Selkirk]. F Colder (Stewart'S- 
Mounts fpj. J R Beatoe (Glasgow 
Academicals) Repfocements: N A Rowan 
(Bonxicmnuif) G J CriLmder (Kotao). D S 
White (Ga 13 J S G Johnston (Watscrvans). 
D S Wyllie (Siowart's-Matnlie FPJ.PW 
Dads (Gaia). 

6 Tomorrow's Miller Buckley 
championship game between 
Scottish Universities and En- 
glish Universities in Edinbui^h 
has been postponed. Scottish 
Universities have important 
league commitments on Sat- 
urday and it is now hoped the 
game, already rescheduled once 
i rom February 14. will be played 
during April. 

Ireland’s selection 
makes little sense 

By George Ace 

By recalling Phil Orr for his 
fiftieth cap, thus equalling 
Sandy Carmichael's world rec- 
ord. and restoring Willie Ander- 
son. the deposed lock, to No. 8 at 
the expense of Brian Spillane. 
Ireland make two changes to the 
team which lost to England at 
the weekend for the game 
against Scotland at Lansdowne 
Road on Saturday week. 

The immediate reaction is 
that the selectors hare decided 
that the wooden spoon is not 
enough and to go comprehen- 
sively for the whitewash. The 
logic' behind Che changes in the 
pack is not readily apparent. 
Orr, a mighty servant to the 
cause of Irish rugby since 1976. 
was omitted against Wales, but 
is a shadow of the piayer he w as 
a few seasons ago. Anderson will 
surely find it a different ball 
game at this level in tbe middle 
of tbe back row than at lock. 

How much more simple it 
would have been, once tbe 
decision was taken to drop 
Spillane. to move Morrow to No. 
& a position he has excelled in 
for Ulster this season and bring 
in John O'Driscoll, of London 
Irish, on the blind-side flank. 
Anderson may have been a 
better bet at lock for Lenihan, 
who has only spasmodically 
shown his true form this term. 

With Philip Matthews, a 
young man who will surely 

Barbarian power 
fuelled by Scots 



(7 30 unless staled) 

aeaion: Reading v Onwa. 

FA TROPHY: Third routd replay: BahtoS 
STorttord v Cnaftenbanc Kettering v 



Norwich (2 JJ). 


Uxbrutge v Epsom and Ewe* 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Southern aectran: 
RuaHpv StUsOury. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: First DtvWore Man- 
chester Coy v Wigan (6.45k Second 
dhtoion: Mtodtesorougn v Grimsby (70). 

Town v Tilbury- Seob-finel 

LONDON SENIOR CUP: Second round: 
Woking v Layton Wngate. 

Cneroey Town v Leathgrhead. 


HOSPITALS' CUP: Semi-finals: SL Mary's 
v Guys 

CLUB MATCH: Esher v Blackheatfl. 


BADMINTON: England Un«r-23 v 
Nenw lands Undw-23 (Hereford) 
BASKETBALL: Cartabarg Rational 
ctuflipfORAhipi? Qjaw-finol pfoy-effa. 
second ' 


Manchester Gems 

BriSartatni Town 
renter: Bartmfl 1 

Crystal Palace- 


Calasoon British Open 

By David Hands 

East Midlands 6 

Barbarians.... ...35 

There was no comeback for 
East Midlands in the annual 
Mobbs Memorial match at 
Northampton yesterday. The 
Barbarians proved far too 
powerful in all departments. 
Derek White, the Scottish 
flanker, enjoying a particularly 
profitable afternoon, and they 
won by two goals, five ines and 
a penalty goal to a solitary goal. 

Nevertheless the East Mid- 
lands players must have been 
gratirittf to have a game at all 
alter the recent bad weather, 
even if their distinguished oppo- 
nents have had their fill of 
representative rugby recently: 
The rise «n temperature left 
Franklin's Gardens greasy on 
the surface but it made little 
difference to the Barbarians. 

Their initial flurry was greatly 
to the benefit of their Scottish 
representatives. There were 
seven of them, led by Deans. 
Scotland's captain and captain 
for the day of the Barbarians, 
and by half-time, when the 
visitors led 23-6. three of them 
had entered the scoring list 
Among them was Hastings, who 
will return on Saturday when 
London Scottish play North- 
ampton in the John Player 
Special Cup. He may have 
valued the goal-kicking practice, 
though the crossfield wind 
proved awkward to negotiate 
and he missed six of his nine 

Inevitably, possession was the 
problem for the East Midlands. 

Duncan was given the kind of 
space on the right he will seldom 
see in internationals and out- 
flanked the cover for the first 
try. White, with Paxton’s assis- 
tance. romped over but the East 
Midlands had particular cause 
to regret Devereux’s try. Ii came 
after a concerted spell on ihe 
Barbarians' line when Palmer 
was able 10 make the most of a 
misdirected pass in the home 
centre. Hastings crossed for the 
fourth but the East Midlands 
made more from their second 
opportunity. Biddingion work- 
ing his way over 
Johnson, running hunched 
forward like a hound on the 
scent, tried bravely to prompt a 
response in the second half as 
the Barbarians total continued 
to rise. But their opponents ran 
in tries through Duncan. White 
and Palmer, the latter leaving 
the field with a leg injury 
SCORERS: Ban Mtdtonds - Try: 
Biddmgton. Conversion: 

Johnson.Sartarians - T/tos: Duncan I2l. 
Whne (2). Devereux. Hastings. Palmer. 
ConvanioftS: Hastings (?j. Penatty. Hai- 
ti nos 

EAST MIDLANDS (Northampton unless 
stated): M EMwortti (Lonoon We<&n): J 
CuWtt O Woodrow. A Street K Canning 
(Bedford): A Johnson (Oxtord University). 

I Peck (Bedford): I Haywood. M Howe 
(Bedford). N Fox. S Bkhffogtan (Gedlord). 
V Cannon (cap ran). I Lutter (rep: D 
Newman I . I White. G Poole 
BARBARIANS: G Hasting* (London Scot- 
ian ana Scotland!. M Duncan (West of 
Scotland and Scotland). J Palmer (Bath 
and England) (rep 1 ft Moon, Nottingham). 

J Devareux (South Glamorgan institute 
arm Wales), u Bailey (Wasps and En- 
gland): d Wy»e (Siewan s-Metinlie FP 
and SCO Rand). S Johnston (Watsontans): 

P Orr (Old Wesley a no Ireland). C Deans 
(Hawick ana Scotland, captain). L Delaney 
(Uanh). D White (Gala and Scotland). N 
Redman (Bath and England). W Anderson 
' Ireland). G Roberts 
I Paxton iFallurk and 

Referee: F Howard (Liverpool). 

(Dungannon and In 
(Cardin and Wales). I 

Referee: F Howard (L 

London have most of the answers 



By Peter Marson 

Nottingham University . 9 
Swansea University •••SB 3 

Nottingham's all-round 
strength prevailed against Swan- 
sea. potentially the more excit- 
ing combination, in the semi- 
final round of the Universities 
Athletic Union championship ai 
Stroud yesterday. 

So a hard-won victory by a 
goal 2 nd a penalty goal to a 
penalty goal takes Nottingham 
inio the final: they will play 
Loughborough ai Twickenham 
next Wednesday. 

Indiscipline had lost Swansea 
valuable ground at the start and 
then Hamilton stepped up and, 
judging a tricky wind nicely, 
landed a penally goal for Not- 
tingham from 30 metres out and 
at an angle on the nghL 

A moment or so before the 
break, a Swansea sortie did find 
reward in the shape of three 
points from a well taken penalty 
goal from 25 metres out by 
Evans. But.aftenhe interval. 
Swansea's effort finally gave 
way and Nottingham scored the 
only try of the match. Berry, 
who played excellently, gave 
impetus to a righMo-left move- 
ment in which Simmons and 
Purdy handled before Eales 
dived in for a captain's try at the 
post: Hamilton convened 

SCORERS. Nottingham- Penalty goat 
Hamilton Try- Eafes Conversion: Hanri- 
lon. Swansea. Penally goal- Evans. 

9 In the other UAU semi-final 
Loughborough, the holders, beat 
Birmingham 17-0. 

By Gordon Allan 

sides, despite the courageous 
play of Hopley. a London Irish 

t nnrfnn Mnenital Q centre, and Bayley at half back 

C? q p I ’ " A for Sl Thomas's. The London 
St Thomas S hospital.... 4 a ] so won a useful amount of the 

The London reached the final 
of the Hospitals Cup with a win 
over St Thomas's by a goal and a 
dropped goal to a try at Rich- 
mond yesterday. The last lime 
The London were in the final 
was 1981. when they tost to St 
Mary's, in next Wednesday's 
final", they play either St Mary's, 
the holders, or Guv's, who meet 
in the oLher semi-final today. 

St Thomas's were substan- 
tially ouiweighicd in the tight 
scrums by The London, and n 
was this factor that made the 
real difference between the 

ball at the lincouts through 
Barnes, and altogether they gave 
the impression of having most 
of the answers. 

The London took the lead on 
the half-hour with a left-footed 
dropped goal by Maclean. It 
came from a scrum m from of 
the posts after St Thomas's had 
put the ball straight into touch 
from a drop-out on their 22. But 
in the last minute of the half. Sl 
Thomas's broke out of defence, 
moved the ball to Palmer on the 
left wing, and when he was 
tackled and the ball ran loose. 

Hopley was on hand to touch 

Five minutes into the second 
half. Barker scored what turned 
out lo be the decisive try. The 
London heeled against the head 
in Si Thomas's 22, Slack, the 
Bhckheath No. 8. picked up. 
and Maclean pul Barker over bv 
the posts. Mac lean convened. ’ 

SCCRERS: The London: Try: Barker. 
Conversion: Maclean. Dropped 
goal Maclean Si Thomas's: Try: Hopley 
lins. c Long, w Barker, n Rossiter a 
M sciean. C ftoome. J Breach. C Mann. ? 
Taylor, a Pemham. P Barnes. A Justice, T 
Bngos. S Slack 

Brookes. J Madnrvre. F Wadsworth. S 
Palmer. P Hopley. 6 Bavtoy: J Koiqsi. N 
Wilson. D Resorts. D Barren. P RoOttns. 
A Saleemi. j Lucas. A Francs. 

Referee: P Waketoid (London). 


KOBE i Japanr (moot meeting: Mere triple 
(ifitfE i. J Elbe (EG). 16.68m. 2. D Gamin 
(EG). 1641 400nc1.SUh{NOL 4994. 50 r 
hurdles ). U UcKoylCanf, b&. wpfo Besi; 

2. T Campbrt (PS). 646; 3. A Joyner (US). 
658 ShMptfcl.JDoehnngiUS) 16 59 Use 
l.F King (US). 5.62. 2. B Johnson (U5t. 57). 

3. S Brngmann (EG). 5.73 


PRINCETON (New Jersey)' US soman's 
mdoor first munifc A Marian (US) H a Cion 
(GB) 6-1. 5-2. D Bafestrat (Aesi m K Malet-ra 
l Bull 6-7. 51. 6-3. C Lewis! (S»« to A 

Henncfeson IUSI 7-5. 81. B Potter (US) bt J 

7-9.83. A Whrte(US)WEf 


£«sl34jteL p Lease (US) M ) 

... . Smvtw 


PARI& French Open Rrat mind; G WHkams 
(GB) to M Ahmed (Pah) 89. 1 -9. 188. 9-4.80: 
G Bnara IGBI HUH K ton (Pah) 2-9. 9-7. M. 
9- 1 - P kenyon (GJ> b» B BBeson (GB) 83. 88 



EUROPEAN CW; Querter-ftnttl (bet teg: 
Sxaua Bucharest 0. Kuusysiahti Q 
UEFA CUP. Ouartto-fHUi test (ere Hatduk 
SoW t. wareavnO. 

Bretran v Mcnncne 


ponaft BlaCkt«>n v Bamaley. 

mu 3 Reacting 2. Owen s Park Hangers 4 
Postponed: Crystal Palace u Warlord 
Bristol Coy 2. 


SCHOOLS MATCHES: fiurjDy |G W CK-vereu* 
aro m g Lcwnsi m T:jM.ncge *J LOnoiev and J 
W«e,si 187. ia-17 10-J5. 1812. 17-U *- 
15. 15-12. RMtay (A Hamsson AR3 M Sluart- 
CferM » Mortoorann (A RuBnson asm G 
Barton 188. 184 17.18 815. 1810. 1810: 
Harrow iL O Bnegenan and S A RosSLto EtOT 
tC hit Hub Wiaams anp £ J Nona) 15*. 154. 
I-1&1813. 7-15. 1818 1812 


NORTH AMERICA: Naetmri AssoetaUon 
(NBA): Atlanta Hawks 128. Pftlaosipnu 7fers 
121. hiev fork Kmcks 119, WasiWBion 
Burets S3. Oevoa Pistons ISO. New Jersey 
xeft 103' Boston Celtics 106 Ctacagp Suits 
94 Denver Nugoers 12B Houston Rochets 
1 15. 5acramento Kirm 94. Utah Jazz 92; Los 
■s Kfe. Cia-eiaM Cavahert 

Ancrfe* Chpo&rs 

rot. i 

Ponianb TraJ 102. Inrtiane 

Pacers 9? Golden Sraie Warner s 129. San 
Anrenir Sours 128 

Quarter final play-offs: second leg: Snorp 
Metier, ester Urntea 92 |T Brown 26, Tatnam 
i5. Garanw l«) Waivers Cnsra Lecester 8B 
(Young 39 Mnagtov 22. Vgugnan 10 ). Teams 
level i-l. deciding ctoy-ott at Stretford on 

$ai.jrfla« (6 JO] 


NORTH AMERICA: Natrons! league (NHL): Si 
LtM5 blues 6. Quebec Noracues 3. W?srrvv 
ton vapja'sA New Jereey 0ev4s 2. Btrtao 
Sabres 6 Pndaoefch* , j : New York 

Manners 6. Montreal Canaaerw 3. Colgyy 
6 Pmsairgn Renguirti 3: EflnSrsn 
Ofers fi. Vancouver Canons 2 

captain Ulster and Ireland next 
season, still not considered ow- 
ing to an arm injury, O'Driscoll 
has received tardy treatment at 
tbe hands of the selectors. He 
had an outstanding inter-pro- 
visional season for Connacht 
and in his previous appearances 
for Ireland he has earned every 
one of his 26 caps. It may not be 
forward thinking to recall 
O'Driscoll at 32, bat Orr a! 35 
hardly fails into that category. 
One is reluctant to dwell on the 
point but it probably matters 
little which eight from 12 make 
up the Irish pack if the scrum- 
mage remains of secondary Im- 
portance in the eyes of the coach. 

Bradley almost certainly owes 
his retention at scrum half to tbe 
inept performance of the Irish 
pack, particularly at Twick- 

McCaiL who sustained a broken 
nose at Twickenham, keeps his 
place in the second row, 

IRELAND (v Scotland): H P MacNefl 
(London Irish): T M Rtogiand (Baiymena), 
B J MulUn (Dublin University). M J Kteman 
(Dolphin). K 0 Crossan [bis tomans): R P 
Keyes (Cork Constitution). M T Bradley 
(Cork Constitution); P A Orr (Old Wesley). 
C F Fitzgerald (SI Mary's Cottage. 
captain). D C RuaeraU (LarudowneL D 
Marrow (Bangor). B W McCall (London 
Iran). O G Lenihan (Cork Constitution). N 
J Carr (Ards). W A Anderson 
(Dungannon i Replacements: J J McCoy 
(Bangor). H T Harts son (Qacnve Rangers). 
P C Cafirn (Highdefo). R C Brady 
(Ballymena), A J Ward (Gieystones). P I 
Ramey (Ballymena). 





Shreeve left to pick up 
the pieces with which 
to build a better future 

As Peter Shreeve picks up 
the pieces of Tottenham 
Hotspur's season he will no 
doubt cast an envious glance 
towards Howard Kendall, 
whose Everton side can focus 
again on a possible League 
and Cup double. Two second- 
half goals from Adrian Heath, 
a substitute, and Gar> Lineker 
carried Everton over Totten- 
ham on Tuesday and into the 
Fa Cup quarter-final to dem- 
onstrate again their remark- 
able resilience in the heat of 

The victory was achieved 
without Gary Stevens, the 
England right’ back. and. for 
the most part, Kevin Ratdiffe. 
the club captain. After the first 
quarter of an hour the League 
leaders had to defend against a 
desperate and belligerent Tot- 
tenham side, with Kevin 
Richardson, a reserve mid- 
field player, filling in at right 
back, and Alan Harper, a 
replacement full back, playing 

at centre half alongside van 
den Hauwe. 

Although Lineker scored his 
32nd goal of the season. 
Harper, who is often a mem- 
ber of the Goodison Park 
shadow squad, earned the 
man-of-the-match rating. 
Kendall summed up the for- 
mer Liverpool reserve's value: 
“If 1 had to replace him I 
would have to ask the chair- 
man for £500.000 because I 
would need two quality play- 
ers. When Raidiffc went off 
not one player was in his 
normal position in the back 

"The Harpers and the Rich- 
ardsons — you can ask them to 
come in and do any job for 
vou. They have been brilliant 
for this club." Harper cleared 
offhis line once in each half as 
Tottenham tried to salvage 
something with a rugged, 
sometimes too rugged, perfor- 

Shreeve has also switched 

Case of cupboard 
love for Aldridge 

If John Aldridge, the Ox- 
ford United forward who has 
scored 23 goals this season, 
becomes an interaationaL he 
will owe it all to a little old lady 
who used to hide him in a 

Aldridge's two goals in 
Tuesday night's Milk Cap 
semi-final first leg at Aston 
Villa, not only gave Oxford 
United an excellent chance of 
reaching Wembley for the first 
time, bnt also impressed Jack 
Charlton, the new Republic of 
Ireland manager. 

Aldridge, who was born 
inLirerpooL may be eligible 
for the Republic because his 
maternal great grandmother 
was Irish. He said yesterday: 
"She was a lovely lady. She 
lived with ns when I was a 
small boy. and nsed to hide me 
in the gas cupboard if I'd been 
naughty so that my dad 
couldn't find me. 

“I've got no chance of 
playing for England now. so if 
the Republic want me. J'd 
jump at the chance. An inter- 

national cap is not something 
yon tnrn down. If yon play for 
a Jirtic club, you don't get 
noticed. As far as I know, 
Bobby Robson (the England 
manager) has only seen me 
once this season, and then he 
was probably watching some- 
body in the opposition." 

Chariton was also watching 
Ray Houghton, a Glaswegian 
with an Irish father, and said: 
“Aldridge is a great goaiscorer 
and Honghton was probably 
the best player on the park." 

Ironically, Aldridge owes 
his current success to the 
absence of a Northern Ireland 
international. Aldridge ex- 
plained: "When Billy Hamil- 
ton was in the team he did ail 
the spadework and I concen- 
trated on scoring goals. Since 
Billy has been injured I've 
worked hard at the rest of my 
game, and I think my form is 
coming along well." 

Villa will welcome back 
Andy Gray after suspension 
and Tony Dorigo after injury 
for next week's second leg. 

his players around but no 
matter whom he selects, or 
where, he seems unable to find 
a winning blend. Tuesday’s 
defeat was the the club's sixth 
out of the last seven at home 
in leading competitions. 

Starting at White Hart Lane 
against the bottom-of-ihe-ta- 
ble West Bromwich on Satur- 
day. Shreeve will spend the 
remainder of a desperately 
disappointing season con- 
structing a serious assault on 
next season's League title. **! 
would oppose the view that 
our season is over now." he 
said. "We must concentrate 
on picking up points and 
bringing in young players and 
our next phase must be to 
improve our position in the 

Shreeve's continuing prob- 
lem is lack of goals. Mark 
Falco's 79th-minute effort was 
Tottenham's only return on 
the night 

called up 

Frankfurt (Reuter) — Franz 
Beckenbauer, the West German 
team manager, has selected 
Harold Schumacher in a 20- 
strong squad for next Wed- 
nesday's international against 
Brazil in Frankfurt, although 
Schumacher received a domes- 
tic four-match suspension last 
week which will rale him out of 
if he loses his appeal today. 

Schumacher, a goalkeeper, 
was sent off against Bayern 
Munich afler giving away two 
penalties but be was so incensed 
by Beckenbauer's observation 
that the penalties were justified 
that he was reported to be 
considering to refuse to play in 

SQUAD: Imiue). Scrium artier. Scan; 
Augstithaler. Bretvne. Bneget. Buctnvatd, 
Forster. HergeL Jakob. AUgomer. Magatti. 
Mannseus. Rotft. Then; Klaus Attote, 
Unbars*. G run bet. Mill. Rufnmeitgge. 

Ritchie to move 

Leeds United have agreed to 
sell Andy Ritchie to Portsmouth 
for £50.000. The forward, who 
moved from Brighton and Hove 
Albion three years ago, has been 
unsettled all season by the 
failure to agree a new pay deaL 

Silk and steel: Maradona (left) and Passarella, two reasons to fear Argentina 

Argentina looking to sorcerer 
Maradona and his apprentice 

Senegal pose main threat to big two 

Cairo (API — Algeria and 
Morocco, the two .African repre- 
sentatives at this summer's 
World Cup finals, will test their 
skills against the rest of that 
continent's lop teams over the 
next two weeks as they try to 
capture the fifteenth African' 
Nations Cup. which begins to- 

Jose Faria, the Brazilian coa- 
ch of Morocco, and Rabah 
Saadane. bis .Algerian counter- 

part. both say that victory in the 
tournament from March 7 to 21 
will give their players a high 
degree of confidence for the 
World Cup. Despite the risk of 
injuries. Algeria and Morocco 
have called up most of their lop 
players for the tournament, 
which is being contested in 
Cairo and Alexandria. 

There are one or two notable 
absentees. The French club. 
Mulhousc. refused to release the 

•J 1 M ■ 

All dividends subject to rescratti) All matches fur March 1st 







22PTS m ... .. £776,049-50 

21V2 PTS £77.758-32 

21 RTS £1.679-76 

201/2 PTS £244-68 

20 PTS £44-46 

19i/zPTS £13 41 

treble Chance fwideadr to enitx ntysp. 

4 DRAWS £28-35 

10 HOMES. £7-75 

4AWAYS £26 20 

Aleve fviitanfc u amttoH0$ 

Expenses and Commission 
15th February 1986-29-3% 


Vernons ,, 

Tel: 0272-272272 
(24hr. service) , 

Algerian forward, Sal ah Assad, a 
member of the side that beat 
West Germany 2-1 in a stunning 
upset during the last World Cup 
in Spain. Bui most of the other 
leading professionnals from 
both teams will be in Egypt and 
as a result, the tournament is 
expected to attract a hoard of 
"spies" from rival World Cup 
nations, eager to watch .Algeria 
and Morocco at first hand. 

Algeria are in the same group 
as Brazil. Spain and Northern 
Ireland in Mexico: Morocco's 
first-round opponents are Po- 
land. Portugal and England. 

Senegal, who have not quali- 
fied for the final round of the 
tournament since 1968. are 
undoubtedly the biggest danger 
to Algeria and Morocco. 

Buenos Aires (Reuter) - 
Argentina’s World Cup chal- 
lenge will rest largely on the 
shoulders of the veteran 
tibero . l Daniel FassareUa, Die- 
go Maradona and the preco- 
cious newcomer, Claudio 

Passarclla. captain of Arg- 
entina's 1978 World Cup- 
winning side, will be a tough 
nut to crack at the heart of foe 
defence. He is also renowned 
for his strong surges into 
attack, deadly free kicks and 
accurate penalties. With his 
ctub. Fiorentina, be is only 
two goals off Giacinto 
Facchctti’s record of 10 goals 
by a defender in one season in 
foe Italian League. 

‘ Maradona. Argentina's cap- 
tain, needs a good World Cup 
performance finally to justify 
foe accolade of foe world’s 
greatest player. He wants to 
make up for a disappointing 
World Cup in Spain four years 
ago but has said he puts an 
Argentinian victory ahead of 
his persona] ambitions. 

Borghi could turn out to be 
Maradona's ideal attacking 
partner, taking over the strik- 
ing role when Maradona is ■ 
tightly marked or absorbing 
some of the marking which 
rival managers are expected to 
employ to counter Maradona. 

Borghi has played on a ■ 

world stage only once, but his 
performance earned the praise 
of Michel Ptatini. of France. 
He played opposite Borghi 
when the European Cup hold- 
ers, Juvenius, met Argeutinos 
Juniors for foe world dub 
championship in Tokyo Iasi 

After a superb match, which 
Juvenius won on penalties. 
Platini said: “Borghi is like 
Picasso. His right leg can be 
like a brush or a knife and he 
will have no problem adapting 
to the European game. He 
plays that football tango typi- 
cal of Argentinians. He is 
always hunting, ready for foe 
kill brilliant with one-twos." 

Calm and 

Borghi. aged 21, who ad- 
mires foe Brazilian, Falcao, 
for foe way he makes every 
move look simple, progressed 
rapidly to the top after claim- 
ing foe centre forward posi- 
tion at Argentines only a year 
ago. The fans love his silky 
skills, but many were also 
taken by surprise when be 
recently told of his strict 
Mormon beliefs. 

Off foe field be is a calm, 
confident young man who 
talks about bis disgust of 

drugs, drink, smoking and 
abortion. "To have an abor- 
tion is a crime worse than 
murder," he said. 

Argentina's coach. Carlos 
Bilando. drafted Borghi into 
his team late last year, hoping, 
like an supporters, that he. 
Maradona and Ricardo Boch- 
ini would mould into a fear- 
some attacking trio. 

However, the two tests 
agarnst Mexico in Los Angeles 
and Puebla revealed a lack of 
understanding between them 
and were also Argentina’s 
worst matches under Bilardo. 
The coach said that once he 
had gathered his squad for an 
extended training period from 
mid-April he would have, a 
chance to work on foe 
Maradona-Borghi formula. 

Bochini, aged 31. has 30 
caps, but has never played in a 
World Cup. He could help 
make a Maradona-Borghi 
partnership work, playing 
deeper and launching them 
into attark.During foe qualify- 
ing games last June, foe team 
did not function well when 
Maradona was out of the 
game. It seemed (he less 
experienced home-based play- 
ers were in awe of him. 

Juan Barbas, of Italy’s Lec- 
ce. showed he was capable of 
pulling foe strings, but Bilardo 
has not entrusted his full 

confidence in the man groo- 
med by the former coach, 
Cesar Menotli, as successor to 
Osvaldo Ardiles. 

Bochini. who playe 
Argentina's tour of E 
1984. surprised players and 
spectators alike by making 
himself unavailable for the 
qualifying rounds. Bilardo. 
however, overlooked Boch- 
in fs persona! problems and 
look him back into the fold. 

Barbas* on the other hand, 
has not been called up for the 
European tour next month 
which opens with a match 
against France, the European 
champions, in Paris on March 
26. , - J 

"I want to see Sergio Batista 
and Ricardo Giusti together," 
Bilardo said, hinting that they 
would play with Bochini in 
midfield, with Maradona. 
Borghi and the Real Madrid 
forward, Jorge Valdaao, up 

The bearded Batista could 
be another revelation. A col- 
league of Borghi's at Arg- 
entines. Batista plays in a 
classical South American mid- 
field style. An elegant, tall 
player, he possesses a compo- 
sure which will be invaluable 
in the heal and altitude in 
Mexico. He could do for 
Argentina what Gerson did for 
Brazil in the same conditions 
in 1970. 

Supporters will fall foul of Mexican police at their peril Sexton’s 


The warnings for England 







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“The animals are comingT 
screamed a headline on die 
front page of a Monterrey 
newspaper the day after the 
draw for the World Cup finals 
was announced. Mexicans are 
aware as anybody of the 
appalling reputation of En- 
glish supporters. 

The Mexican Government 
is spending an estimated £5 
million on security for the 
World Cap and has even gone 
to the length of recruiting a 
team of French intelligence 
Police to train its officers in, 
among other things, riot con- 

A document from the Interi- 
or Ministry notes that in 
recent years “major interna- 
tional sports events have been 
overshadowed by ~ provoked 
acts" of violence. Pointed ref- 
erence is made to last year's 
Brussels disaster, one reason 
why foe Interior Ministry has 
set up a special World Cup 
security committee to combat, 
for example, what it calls 
“those crowds which torn to 
violence as a consequence of 
ingesting inebriating drinks". 

But if the Mexican police 
are steeling themselves for foe 
visit of foe English followers, 
it would be as well also for the 
English — and not only the 
hooligans among them — to 
prepare themselves for foe 
Mexican police. 

“If you're arrested." a diplo- 
mat remarked this week, “it's 
no use appealing to the con- 
cept of your bights' because 
here in Mexico yoo simply 
don't have any rights." 

Contrary' to reports circulat- 
ing in the British press, once 
you are actually in jail io 
Mexico, treatment is liable to 
be good. Conditions inside 
many Mexican jails compare 
very favourably with those in 
Britain where, for example, 
the practice of “intimate” 
female visits — prostitutes 
included — is certainly not 
standard practice. 

The problem for any En- 
glish offender would be in that 
dark interim period between 
arrest and imprisonment. The 
lack of more sophisticated 
methods of investigation 

Robson does his best to restore the goodwill 

means that beatings and tor- 
ture are routine practice inside 
Mexican police stations. Even 
foe government has admitted 
as much. This week, for 
example, a case was reported 
in foe press of a criminal 
suspect tortured to death dur- 
ing “police interrogation". 

Often such brutality Is ei- 
ther purely gratuitous or a 
means used by police to rob 
the suspect of his money. It is 
a truism in Mexico that foe 
police, far from defending foe 
people against crime, are its 
main perpetrators. A case was 
reported in The Times last year 
of a London Ltaiversity profes- 
sor beaten up and robbed in 
broad daylight by four card- 
carrying policemen. 

All visiting supporters — of 
ever? nationality — face diffi- 
culties. but it is those who 
commit violent acts who are 
most likely to come np against 
the blunt edge of Mexican 

The British Embassy here, 
for which the World Cop has 
become “top priority", is un- 
derstandably alarmed. Given 
that 177 Britons were arrested 
during the World Cup in 
Spain. It seems reasonably to 
expect a similar crop among 

foe 10,000 followers expected 
to make foe trek -to Mexico. 
“On past form we most expect, 
unfortunately, that there will 
be troublemakers," Derek 
Milton, a senior diplomat, 

The British Embassy is 
having what they call “consul- 
ar reinforcements" especially 
flown in for the World Cap. 
Already a “working group" 
has been set np to forge plans 
for any disastrous eventual- 
ities and to try to establish 
contacts with the Mexican 
police authorities. The fact is, 
although the Embassy would 
not admit it, that knowing foe 
right people —or haring lots of 
money — is the best way to 
avoid serious legal difficulties 
in Mexico. 

No doubt serious headaches 
await the British Consulate 
workers, none of whom would 
rule out the possibility that jail 
visiting will feature among 
their heavier duties once the 
World Cup is over. 

One of the drawbacks of the 
Mexican legal system is that 
once a person is charged, that 
person, innocent or not, can be 
kept behind bars awaiting ferial 
for anything np to 12 ramths. 

One piece of advicej^tisb 

diplomats here are particular- 
ly anxious to commanicate to 
visiting spectators is to stem- 
well clear of drugs. The one 
Briton currently in jaO here 
was indicted for possession of. 
cocaine and is halfway 
through a seven-year sentence. 
Drug sentences in Mexico 
predade any remission. Seven 
years is foe minimum sentence 
for possession of any kind of 
drag, marijuana included, irre- 
spective of quantity. 

While the police, and the 
system generally in Mexico, 
are felt by many foreigners 
here to be pretty unsavoury, it 
should be said that Mexicans 
themselves have a reputation 
for easy-going hospitality. 

After a football match here, 
irrespective of foe result, sup- 
porters of both teams will 
often drink together. A Mexi- 
can will generally take an 
insult against his team with 
good humour. 

Nevertheless, foe English 
followers will come to Mexico 
at something of a disadvan- 
tage. “Thanks to the boorish 
behaviour and thoughtless re- 
marks of the English soccer 
community," a sports colum- 
nist wrote this week. “England 
has thoroughly alienated die 
soccer aficionados here and 
will probably be the least 
favoured team wherever it 

Robson is due to visit Mexi- 
co again early next month, 
when he wffl try to compensate 
for his (no doubt) Innocent 
gaffe last time around. Preju- 
dice against foe English here 
is not deep-rooted, jingoistic 
aggression being directed gen- 
erally against the aeigh- 
botning Americans. Should 
Robson improve his public 
relations performance, the 
feeling here is that any bod- 
ding anti-English sentiment 
could be easily suppressed. In 
this country, where gestures 
are so important, a tittle 
goodwill when the time comes 
could even pmseade the po- 
lice. as the British Consul here 
gently put it, not to “over-react 
to high spirits". 

John Carlin 

Dave Sexton has lost eight 
members of his 1 8-strong En- 
gland party .which was an- 
nounced on Monday for the 
European Championship under- 
21 quarter-final io Denmark 
next Wednesday. 

Danny Wallace (Southamp- 
ton). Wayne Fereday (Queen's 
Park Rangers), Dean Coney 
(Fulham), David Seaman sod 
Paul Parker (both Birmingham 
City) and Mark Walters, Steve 
Hodge and Paul Elliott (all 
Aston Villa) were withdrawn 
because of club commitments. 

• Sunderland have completed 
the signing of Steve Hetzke, 
Blackpool’s captain and centre 
half. They will pay £30,000 and 
a farther £10.000 when be has 
played 15 first-tea m games. 



FA CUP: rath ro u n d: Tot te nham Hotspur 
1, Everton 2. 

MLK CUP: SeroMtatt Hrmt tog: Aston 
Vina 2. Oxford Urawd g. 

SECOND DIV (Start Bradford' city 1. 
Oldham AtttoicO; Hull City 4, Shrewsbury 
Town 3; rcodtosteoush 3, Grimsby Town 
LPmHme±Rdban v Charlton AtMeoc. 
THHtD DIVISION: Baton Wanderer* 1. 

York C«y 1: Bournemouth Z Lincoln City; 

Backport 0; GWngnam 1 . Ptyrnoufr 
» 1: Notts' County 0. Bristol Row* a 

Brentford v Dertngton : 


Carrt«C»y rRomerftarnl 
Wigan Airtanc. . 

pouffm divismw: cm 

Crowe Alexandre 4. 

Scuntnorpe U rated ft Exeter Ctty 0. 
Swindon Town 1 Mans field Town ft 
Chester City ft Wrwham 1 . Northampton 
T own 0 . POotponed: Aldershot v Hereford 
United: Co^ester United v Sumter 
Ro cndale v Orient. 

®COTT*S#I CUft Fourth round: St Mbron 
i. F mjtortc l 

1 . Alteon Revere 7: Serwx* Rangers 4. 
Stranraer ft StSrttag Alteon *. Srer>- 
housenxrir 0. 

UEF* CUP: Q ua rlw -Sue t First lea: 
Spartinai Lisbon 1. Cologne t. ■ - 

COLA LEAGUE: Oertfora ft Enfield 3. Bob 
Lord Tro phy: S m i i-Smt Runcorn 0. 

Leek 5. 

Salford Q IBM). 


Wycombe 5 ( eec scor e aS SnfeiLt) 


B r i to ng hwu 3; Southampton T. Brighton 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: . fire* dhfekwt: 
Evenon 2. Liverpool 1: Newc as tle 2. 
Sheffield United ft Sdoond rtvtakxc 

Gospoul. Ahectenfi 1. ’ ■ 

MULTIPART LEAGUE: GortS 1, Southport 

VAUXHAU.-OPEL LEAGUE: Prem i er <*■ 
vtstOK LeytorvVAngaa 0. St Atom* 3; 
Oxtort City ZBr&myZACMco Cups 
Fourth roiBKfc Hayes 1 . Femboreugh 2. 
Kingstown 1. Sutton United ft 


Club matches: u inrtf t ft 

fetoatti is, Poreyood 1£ Ptymouift Atton 
£30. Brtaaft Tetecom< 


Players at 
with new 

By Richard Eaton 

Badminton's domestic strife be- 
gan to reach farcical proportion* 

wiih the announcement of 
England's squad for the Euro- 
pean championships ; yertenlay. 
It lacks four of in best-known 

Baddrfcy and Nick 
Yates, the top two sngk»Ppv- , 
ere whose affaire air handled by 
the management company. 
Walker lm«rurtiof«L hare de- 
cided to go foeir own way; 
Martin Dew and Norah Ferry, 
the two leading doubles p»ym>, - 
are omitted, just as they were 
from foe Thomas and Uber 
Cups, presumably because they 
will not travel with foe team fa 
foe finals in Jakarta - although 
foe relevance of this to foe 
European championships ut 
Uppsala. Sweden, has oc a been 

made dear. , . 

Badddey's and \atess de- 
cisions arc probably foe more 
significant ’for foe toi^tertn 
prospects orfoe game. However, 
it is Dew and Perry who will, 
continue gaming the attention 
with foeir vituperative remarks 
about the new manager. Jake 
Downey, who does not help 
matters by sometimes pbymg 
games with words 

perry, one of Britain's finest 
p la vers, who for 12 years has. 
never bees controversial, re now 
saying she would not play for 
England again and could never . 
m en consider making her takau 
and experience available for 
coaching or selection with foe 
Badminton Assodaton while 
Downey is in charge, aif of 
which re very sad. Dew says 
“It's not just me. it’s a lot more 
people. There arc others who 
have problems." ff so. things, 
mav escalate yet fimlrer. ; 

The firsl-hint that Dew may. 
indeed be right came when foe 
European champion. Helen . 
Troke. usually the mildest of 
creatures, aho burst into criti- 
cism. She bad seemingly been : 
promised that she would be- 
picked m doubles and has also, 
by all. accounts, not been se- 
lected for this event. 

- “I continue to be .snubbed 
which affects my opportunities 
io gain medals," she said. “In 
snubbing me he reduces my 
chances - of media exposure, 
which gives my sponsor less 
exposure, which can have an 
adverse effect on my contract. " 

England's chances of earning 
medals are probably still quite 
good because of foe strength and 
depth of the squad, although 
coming dose to match mg the 
five golds out of a possible six 
achieved last time is out of the - 

The long-term chances of . 
doing well must be endangered - 
while such a one-sided war of 
words goes on. Downey is 
irobabty an excellent coach but 
lis shortcomings in public rela- 
tions contribute to the 
farce. “What controversy, what 
disagreements?" he says. “Un- 
less I know what they are I can't 
say anything." 

He and Mrs Perry are said to 
have agreed to be interviewed 
Tty Gerald Williams on BBC. 
television — so we can expect 
that the un laundered linen will 
be strung even farther along the 

SQUAD: Mm D HaB fEamx). S Butter 
(WanmckstereL A Goode (Herts). N Tar 
(Hatnpsmrel. 0 Tailor (Middlesex). 
Women: H Troke (Hampshire). F Stott 
i G Gowero (Sussex! G Clark 
K Becfcmen (Surrey!. S HtisaH . 


Hurley is new 
manager of 
Great Britain 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The new manager of foe Great 
Britain squad is Lesley Hurley, a 
former international captain 
who played for Leicestershire, 
foe Midlands and England and 
represented Great Britain m 
I97&5he played in the world 
championship in Edinburgh in 
1975 and captained England in 
Vancouver in 1979. 

'Great Britain arefacihg diffi- 
culties over foeixpreparations 
for the 1988 Olympics in Seoul 
Following Olympic acceptance 
in 1980. only one team from 
each country was considered: 
Great Britain were the choice. . 

But hockey, since the turn of 
foe century, has been played at 
international level by England. 
Scotland and Wales,* andrhey 
reel aggrieved that, having re- 
fused to give up their identity, 
they canDot be included. 

It is a Caleb 22 situation for 
Great Britain. To qualify, they 
must have a track record; but 
opportunities are rare: England 
and Scotland are taking-part in 
this su miner’s World Cup. and 
Great Britain will not feature in 
other tournaments such as the 
one in Australia next month. 

There is one tournament 
scheduled in Edinburgh next' 
-year and. it is cto be hoped, 
more invitations will come in. 
Bw arrangements are: going 
ahead and after the home 
countries tournament next 
month, a group of 30 players 
will be selected to start training. 


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Shooting for home 

Kerry Davis, whose 
goal scoring exploits have taken 
her lo Lazio. a leading- Italian 
cfah. returns home to join the 
England women's squad for 
Sunday week's. UEFA Cup 
qualifying match against North- 

S2J^ faod 31 Ew °«* Pariq. 


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ace in 

Bruno becomes 

pack for Las Vegas 

with King 


The noises at Frank Bruno's 
Royal Oak gym in Ctanine 
Town were different: no rope 
upon wood or leather on 
leather, but the chirrup of 
cameras and pecking with 
quesuons by soft-beffied jour- 
nalists at the big man's face. 

dons. 110115, queslions ’ ques- 

. “Yes, I want to get a 
helicopter when I am rich. 
You want an exclusive? An- 
other exclusive? AD right, HI 
give you another exclusive."’ 

Everywhere the large blade 
eyes of television lenses. It was 
a wonderful morning after the 
night before when Bruno had 
demolished Genie Coetzee, of 
South Africa, in one round at 
Wembley to become the no. 1 
World Boxing Association 
challenger. Coetzee’s ring days 
were over, he would soon 
announce his retirement but 
things could only get better 
and better for Bruno. 

There were decisions to 
make but his backers would 
see to that It was the type of 
feeling one gets when leaving 
on a well-earned holiday. Bru- 
no and his manager, Terry 
Lawless, had been rung up by 
Mickey Duff, their promoter, . 
from America the night before 
while they 'were having a 
celebration dinner and asked 
to fly immediately to Las 
Vegas to be present at the 
Marvin Hagier-John Mugabi 

world middleweight tide bout 

Everybody who is anybody 
would be there. The British 
contender would be a valuable 
cad in Duff's band in his talks 
with Don King, the big Ameri- 
can Promoter, Who »l<n man. 

. ages the WBA champion, Tim 

■ - Bruno could look forward - 
to a £5 million date with 
' Witherspoon at Wembley Sta- 
dium in June, but it is almost 
certain that in setting up this 
contest. King would insist that 
if Bruno won he would have to 
be pari of a tournament 
organized by King and Home 
Box Office, the television 
co mp an y , to find the undisr 

of the worid^fhat, in fiict, 
would mean that the WBA 
title would represent only 
onethird of the crown unifying 
the WBA, the World Boxing 
Council and . International 
Boxing Federation crowns. 

The tournament starts on 
March 22 in America when 
Trevor Berbick meets Pinkton 
Thomas, the WBC champion; 
on April 19, Larry Holmes 
meets Michael Spinks, the IBF 
champion; and on June 14 at 
Wembley it could be Bruno v 
Witherspoon. Thereafter there 
will be fight-offs between 
champions. It is not certain 
yet how the world bodies will 
react to being taken along by 
the American entrepreneur; 

but it is believed the scheme is 
too big for them to resist. 

The idea might not suit 
Bruno's backers as King obvi- 
ously would be dictating 
terms. The British promoters. 
Duff and Mike Barrett, natu- 
rally want- to cash in on the 
success of their show * on 
Tuesday when they had a full 
house for the first time in a 
long while. Everyone was so 
elated with Bruno’s knock-out 
punch that the promoters feel 
they could get 75,000 at 
Wembley in June. That would 
allow them to make a big 
enough offer to King, to 
enable him to let the British 
promoters run that pan of the 
tournament of champions. 

Lawless was absolutely de- 
lighted with Bruno's perfor- 
mance. “I have always said he 
is the best in the world," he 
said. “And hell beat anyone.” 
Of course, no one except 
Coetzee knew how much he 
had to give, though Duff; who 
made the match, must have 
had a shrewd idea that there 
was very little left In the South 

Coetzee came into the ring 
at 1 6st 91b, six pounds heavier 
than Bruno, which means he 
must have been around 17st 
not- so long ago. On entering 
the ring he pulled the blue and 
orange national colours of his 
trunks over his stomach. He 
looked too soft and smooth 

Why Doral club 
have dispensed 
with Ballesteros 

From John Ballantine, Miami 

Coetzee: bloodied and bewildered (photograph: Lan Stewart) 

and too well sun- tann ed He 
had not even bothered to have 
a hair trim as a soldier might 
before going into battle. 

Once the bell went, and 
confronted by the heavily 
muscled figure of Bruno, the 
former world champion 
shrank in statue by the second 
and there seemed no heart in 
his fight. In that abrasive 
Wembley roar Coetzee’s jabs 
sounded like matches failing 
to light. When he was caught 

by Bruno's right the first time, 
he dropped to the floor and sat 
there with a look on his face of 
a man who had forgotten what 
it felt like being hit. 

But all credit to Bruno for 
executing his part of the 
bargain with calculated effi- 
ciency. Alter Coetzee had 
picked himself up and been 
given a count of eight and told 
to box on. Bruno hit him with 
an even harder right which 
sent him through the ropes. 

The referee. Guy Jutras, of 
Canada, could have counted 
him out but slopped the bouL 
It might have been better if 
the contest had gone further. 
Not that there would have 
been any other outcome, but it 
would have showed us how 
much of Coetzee there actual- 
ly was under the flab. This 
would have been useful in 
assessing Bruno's achieve- 
ment for when he meets 

Severiano Ballesteros. like 
any prophet in his own country, 
never did much good in the 
annual tournament here at his 
own club, the Doral Country 
Club, and last year he failed to 
qualify in the Doral -Eastern 

It is not his regularly poor 
performances, however, that 
have caused the dub to decide 
against renewing his contract as 
their touring professional when 
it runs out at the end of the year 

so much as the Tact that the 

Spaniard, who has been banned 
from all but a handful of events, 
will be seen too little in the 
United States to make his 
attachment to Doral worth- 

-What's in it for me?" is a 
commonly beard expression in 
commercial circles here and 
Ballesteros's misfortune is just 
another example of financial 
pragmatism. Apparently he has 
decided to defend his title in 
New Orleans in a fortnight’s 
time and it is going to be very in- 
teresting to see what the un- 
forgiving side of the Spaniard's 
nature will produce both there 
and at the Masters three weeks 

Meanwhile, Bernhard Longer. 
Sandy Lyle and Ken Brown are 
in the strong draw for the Doral 
Open which has an increased 
purse of $500,000 and which 
begins here today on the 7.065- 
yard blue course nicknamed 
-The Blue Monster- because of 
the many lakes which reflect the 
perpetual azure skies. 

Jack Nickfous. who was a 
winner here in 1972 and 1975, 
will fly down by helicopter each 
day from his home in North 
Farm. Beach and a late surprise 

was the entry of Tom Watson 
who has not only never won 

here buL uncharacteristically, 
has not won anywhere for 18 

Watson was reminded with 
Yankee brash ness by somebody 
yesterday of Arnold Palmer's 
recent remark: “While 1 believe 
Tom Watson remains one of the 
finest golfers in the world, he 
seems to have lost momentum 
which I doubt that he can 


Watson produced his best 
Huckleberry Finn smile. 
“Something is going to happen 
soon. My form has been affected 
by having a family and trying to 
learn to deal with being a 
parent." he said, referring to his 
daughter. Meg. aged six. and his 
son. Mike, three. 

“1 wasn't very well organized 
last year because I wanted to 
spend more time with them and 
so I didn't practice as much as I 
used to. or probably needed to. 

"But Meg goes to school now 
and with my wife. Linda, usu- 
ally at home I do have more 
time for my golf, it's just taking 
a while to get myself organized, 
hopefully back to where I was." 
The last time Watson played 
here was in 1978 when he 
missed the cul 

There was an exciting and 
unusual finish last year when 
Mark McCumber. the eventual 
winner, drove so far to the right 
to miss the last big lake which 
collects hooks that he “lost" his 
ball. A steward pointed it out in 
a tree, but, with the five minutes 
searching lime almost up, the 
ball was discovered in the rough 
and McCumber played on to 
beat Tom Kite by one sLroke. 

The French correction benefits Britain I EQUESTRIANISM 

to the fold 

By Jenny MacArdmr 

Bamford applies a 
little psychology 

Last season Great Britain 
thrashed France 50-4 at Jiead- 
ingley. Last Saturday at Wigan, 
the scoreline was 24-10 fat Great 
Britain’s favour, but the British 
coach, Maurice Bamford, re- 
gards Saturday's result as in- 
finitely more satisfying and 

In the space of 12 months 
France have developed from ad 
undisciplined squad of fndivid- 
nals. whose heads have dropped . 
at the first sign of trouble away 
from home, into a weD-driBed, 
disciplined team who are n 
match for my. of the^JKngby 
League international sides. 

The new French coach. Tad . 
Baltieti. who - was horn in 
Australia bat has ' settled- in 
France, has get to grq» with the 
players and thear temperaments 
at both senior and «mder-21 
leveL and in the first Whitbread 
Trophy international at Avi- 
gnon, France were unlucky to get 
no more than a 10-10 draw 
against a scrappy Great Britain. 

That is why Bamford was 
delighted by the 24-10 victory at 
y Central Park. “If we are to do 
anything at all against Australia 
in the autumn we need to be 
extended, and the French cer- 
tainly did that to ns in onr two 
matches. Easy victories against 
poor French sides are no good as 
preparation for matches against 
the Australians. 

“Baitieri and his players did 
ns a big favour by playing it hard 

diary; Hi 


and predating some excellen t 
attacking moves. They stretched 
ns far attack and defence, and 
highlighted any weaknesses.** 

BamfortTs Mg problem now Is 
to keep the momentum going 
until Octfwr. There wfll be 
frequent squad training and 
weekend schools. He ami the 
management team of Les 
Bettinsou, the ma nag er , and 
Phil Xardcr,- thib roach, *rBl 
continue to monitor the pr o gre ss 
of players . both inside and 
outside the current squad. 

. Last Saturday's mternstional 
showed that there would be 
severe competition for places ta 
the squad, with four new caps 
taking over bum btfured experi- 
enced players. 

Bamford also has a tnmp 
card ..op his. sle eve. He n 
considering employing the ser- 
vices of a psychete^ist or psy- 
durfng part of the 
for the a u lnmn visit 
of the Kangaroos. 

Rurf hf H feels that the 
players can benefit from squad 
togetherness supervised by a 
psycho-analyst, with ■ intro- 
spective players having their 
pe r sona l iti e s brougkt ant and 
short-tempered players en- 
couraged In acquire restraint. 


An exciting year 
is undermined 

Louis Massarefla. who was 
absent from last year’s National 
Light Horse Breeding Society's 
(HIS) Thoroughbred Stallion 
Stow after a disagreement with 
the HIS, has returned to the fold 
and today exhibits no fewer than 
eight stallions in the annual 
stow at Park Paddocks, New- 

Massarella. who won ibe 
overall championship with Bar- 
ky HiO in 1984, numbers 
Bobemondr Comishroan, Turn 
Back The lime and Big Con- 
naught among his entries this 
year. Big Connaught, winner of 
last year’s Audi Cars Young 
Stallion Championship when 
owned by Mrs Watkins, carries 
his hopes for the overall 
championship this year in 
which, now that Max Abram's 
Current Magic win not be 
shown again, his main rival is 
likely to be last year's champion 
stallion. Tim Le Grice's Shaab, a 
16Jhb bay by Busted. 

Martin Sanders's Prince of 
Peace, a six-year-old by Busied 
out of Mid, ts one of the most 
interesting of the 12 entries in 
this years Audi Sport Young 
Stallion Championship for stal- 
lions which have not been out of 
training for more than two yeans 
and which <have not stood at 
stud for more than one year. . 

By Jim R&flton 

British rowing is looking for- 
ward to an exciting year. The 
calendar indudes a five-day 
Henley Regatta; the Common- 
wealth Games Regatta, which 
takes place in Strathclyde (an 
excellent course): and the world 
championships which will for 
the second time, be held in 
Nottingham. It is a time for 

The recent appointment of 
Miss Penelope Ch uter as direc- 
tor of international rowing by 
tire Amateur Rowing Associ- 
ation (ARA) has not, however, 
been well received by some 
internationals. The post was not 
advertised: if it bad been it 
might have attracted applica- 
tions from a number of Western 
countries and, possibly, a defec- 
tion or two from the East. 

Miss Ch liter stoically sat 
through an embarrassing dis- 
cussion at the ARA council 
meeting on Tuesday and I have 
tire distinct impression that not 
everyone is pulling together in 
tire sport. 

The ARA has still to find a 
main sponsor for the world 
championships despite the feet 
that the BBC will transmit the 
semi-finals and finals on August 
22 to 24. A sponsor will, 
however, provide press facilities 
worth £30,000: this will be 

officially announced on March 
29 which, according to my diary, 
is Boat Race day — thus 
guaranteeing minimum cover- 
age for the patron. 

When the naturalized 
Czechoslavak, Bohumil Jan- 
ousek, was national coach, com- 
petition for places in the British 
squad was intense: that is how it 
should be. The latest policy 
statement on the selection of the 
British team for the Common- 
wealth Games and tire world 
championships creates a rather 
different climate, reminding 
oarsmen that ifthey compete for 
a club other than their registered 
dub and tire ARA squad na- 
tional crews they will be auto- 
matically deregistered. 

Some things, of course, have 
improved. Sixteen . years ago 
there was discussion in high 
circles on the length of hair 
displayed by Thames Trades- 
men's British coxless four. 

This year, British rowing wall 
be marked by the issue of an 
official stamp by the Post Office. 
Spring beckons. The Boat Race 
takes place on March 29 and, on 
the preceding weekend, the 
hean of British rowing will be at 
the Tideway, m the Head of the 
River race, and at Henley where 
the university women's race will 
take place. 


clipped at 
great cost 

By Colin McQuiJlan 

Cannons, the fashionable 
London club independently 
financing a hand-picked pro- 
fessional squad in the .American 
Express Premier League, have 
failed by the narrowest margin, 
and at considerable cost, to halt 
the march of Ardleigh Hall 
towards the league champion- 

A painstaking 82-minute 
recovery by Ahmed Safwat. who 
was two games and a match 
point down to Paul Symonds at 
second string, was the vital 
factor in favour of Ardleigh 
Hall, the Essex dub that might 
be seen as a mere country cousin 
to Cannons, a London temade 
of the Jack Chia international 
hotel and leisure group. 

Much publicity was generated 
around tire decision of Cannons 
to spend more than £1.000. on 
top of their existing £20.000 
league budget, flying Hickox 
and Lee back from the French 
Open championships in Paris to 
maintain their late league cbal- 

LEAGUE: Camora Club 2. Anflaqft Hafl 3; 
Dunnings Mil 3. AnnJay 2: Eogbaston 
Priory 3, Manchester Northern z Squash 
Leicester 5. Nottingham o. League po- 
rtttana: 1. Ardleigh Hal, 76pts, Chapel 
Alenon, 55: 3. Cannons. 63; *, Squash 
Laces®-, atfc 5. Edgbaston Priory, SB; 6. 
M a nc h ester Northern. 57; 7, NotOngham, 

Fish that has boffins on hook 

Sea trout mystery 
is fathomless 

By Conrad 

Scientists are still puzzled by 
the sea trout. It is not snrprising. 
The sea front was once described 
as a fish without a home whose 
ways were mysterious to man. 
They still are. A collection of 36 
distinguished scientists — biolo- 
gists, zoologists, ichthyologists 
— from institutes and univer- 
sities from all parts of the 
British Isles spent three days 
analysing and discussing sea 
trout at a seminar organized by 
the Welsh Water Authority for 
the Atlantic Salmon Trust. 

David Le Cren, until recently 
director of the Freshwater Bio- 
logical Association, said that 
one of the first questions the 
scientists asked, aad one that 
reclined through out the dis- 
cussions, was: what are sea 
trout? Biologically, they belong 
to the same species as the brown 
trout, Sabno intro, but their 
behaviour Is very different. 

In some rivers the female sea 
front goes down to the sea while 
the male remains in the river. 
Does be remain a sea trout or is 
be a brown trout that will 
fertilize the female sea trout on 
her way hack to the spawning 
grounds? And now scientists 
have discovered genetic dif- 
ferences. Going back to the ice 
age, there appear to be two types 
of sea front. 

Anglers themselves are not 
infrequently puzzled by catching 

Voss Bark 

a sea trout which has all the 
markings of a brown trout and 
yet is certainly coming back 
from the sea. I saw one only last 
year, a fish of just under four 
pounds, taken from tire Newport 
River in co Mayo. It had perfect 
brown trout markings. 

One surprise in the 40-page 
report of the seminar is the 
suggestion that commercial net- 
ting of the sea trout could be 
extended farther into the present 
dose seasou. Writing about the 
coastal netting of sea front off 
the Northumbrian coast, es- 
timated to take about SS tons of 
them a year, the report says that 
as a great part of tire migration 
takes place after tire legal 
netting ends on August 31, an 
extension of the season into the 
autumn would increase the yield, 
though there might be an un- 
desirable exploitation of tire 
salmon. By golly, 1 bet there 
would be! 

The report. The Biology of the 
Sea Trout, can be obtained, price 
£1.50, from the Atlantic Salmon 
Trust. Moulin. Pitlochry, Perth- 
shire, PHI 6 5JQ. 


Storey in 
form for 

WilfSiorey, who will have his 
first Cheltenham runner next 
week when be saddles 
Santopadre for tire Triumph 
Hurdle, showed that his Consent 
string are in fine fettle by 
sending out Star’s Delight to win 
the first division of tire Hornby 
Novices’ Hurdle at Caiierick 
Bridge yesterday. 

. Star's Delight was poshed into 
the lead approaching tire last by 
David TelfcT. the conditional 
. jockey, and went on to beat the 
favourite, Aguada Beach, by 1 Vz 
lengths. A bargain buy at 560 
guineas. Star’s Delight was pay- 
ing a handsome compliment to 

Santopadre who beat hint by 
llfc lengths at Newcastle in 
December. - 

Storey, who has been working 
his horses. on tire beach during 
the freeze, was under s t a n dably 
delighted to win the first race in 
mainland Britain for a month 

but not all the trainers at 
Cauerick were convinced the 
course was fit for racing. 

. Jimmy FitzGerald walked tire 
course before tire meeting and 
decided to take out his six 
intended runners. “The course 
still has patches of frost m tire 

shaded areas and I have decided 

to pull my horses out It would 
have been nice to see how they 
shaped, but it is not worth 
rislong than in the conditions, 
Fitzgerald said. . 

MateUw landed his thud win 
from seven outings when 
capturing the Rndby Selling 
Hurdle by two lengths from 
Empire Sands: The winner, wto 
was always moving sraoouii>. 
led at the last to provide Mick 
Naughion with bis seventh win- 
ner of tire season from bis team 
of 16 jumpers. 

Naughion now intends to ran 
the four-year-old m a handicap 
at Hexham on Saturday 
Allien Glazed, Naugbton s in- 
tended runner. in Tuesdays 
Arkk Challenge Trophy- 
pulled oul of tire Newby 
Novices' Cbase- 

• Canute Express, one of the 
TOOst promising younghuraicrs 

® Ireland, travels to 
On Saturday for- the £L*J®u 
Boring ' Post Hurdle- Homer 
Sow's five-j ear-old. a.wmnera* 
UoSBrtfiiewn last month, wil! 
;hc partnered by tire amateur,. 

Punchestown fences should 
test Dawn Run and O’Neill 

From Onr Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 

Dawn Run's final trial for 
next Thursday’s Che ltenh a m 
Gold Cup will take place on 
Punchestown racecourse early 
this morning. Her trainer, 
Paddy Mullins, confirmed tint 
John O’Neill would ride the 
mare over the testing 
Punchestown fences. 

O'Neill has yet to partner 
Dawn Run in a steeplechase but 
he rode the mare two ware ago 
when she won the Champion 
Hurdle. Dawn Run has pleased 
her trainer in recent weeks as he 
ha* kept her well on the move 
through the big freeze. 

However, Mullins had less, 
happy news of another would-be 
Cheltenham challenger, Hun- 
gary Hut. After meeting with a 
training setback. Hungary. Hur 
will now miss the Sun Alliance 
Chase, for which he would 
surely have been one of tire 
market leaders. 

Ail Irish courses appear to 
have recovered from the freeze 
and be fit for raring. They can 
expea large fields from now on 
as rp ring -starved trainers try to 

make up for lost time. Today’s 
meeting is at Wexford but 
unfortunately this course i has ; a 
very low safety limit As the 
maximum number of runners in 
anv race is 15, more than 40 
horses bad to be ballotted out by 
the Turf Club. 

The banker is Ross Fandango, 
a very, useful juvenile hurdler 
three seasons ago but one who 
has since moved hard to train. 
He showed dear evidence of a 
return to his best at Down Royal 
last month when he finished a 
creditable fourth to Herbert 

The winner went on to fond 
the Wessd Cable Champion 
Hurdle on die disqualification 
of Kesslin and, even with 1 1st 
I lib, Ross Fandango still looks 

O’Neal: jet to ride Dawn 
Btm in a steeplechase 

well treated in the Spring Handi- 
cap Hurdle as the maximum 
weight concession he has to 
make to any of his nine oppo- 
nents is 161b. 

GuufoaTs Over, the winner of 
his only hunter chase three 
seasons ago. should be up to 
conceding 5fo to Ballymullish in 
tire St Aioen’s Hunters* Chase as 
Ballymullish jumped erratically 
when fifth to Altitude Adjuster 
at Thirties recently. 

The maiden flat race on this 
programme is open to cla i ming 
professionals as well as amateur 
riders. One such pro f essional, 
Kevin Barry Walsh, has been 
making a name for himself in 
recent months and he rides the 
probable winner. Spring Pau- 
per, who finished third to All 
The Fools at Naas. 

Lucky Baloo did wefl on the 
Flat last year and could offer 
strong opposition to the more 
experienced Lncille Lady in tire 
first division of the Wexford 
European Breeders* Fund 
Maiden Hurdle, which is con- 
fined to mares. 

There will be plenty of oppo- 
sition to the Paddy Mullins- 
trained Dancing Shoon in the 
second division and here I side 
with CaaMen Belle who looked 
on the upgrade when finishing 
fourth in a large field to Kiora in 
a similar contest at Naas. 

u Fhvfc Tomb t Ufowt (G 

SJS 7-n.MiibRAN: B-1 UpBWL f-1 


tf-nrsfrtl. I <t PUB U Of W* 

25-1 Bottfts 25 l£l 

Results from Catterick Bridge 

ZL ALSO RAN: 11-4 Pm Stowsby P.IL. 7- 
2 panes Saratoga Stt, 10-1 unto MHge 

ES . 20-1 Danrfm 

SLTriw Dd-Ht Sth, PruMwon bw 
S,®.* savor DugA-M Ptofflfc J55S ■ 
PiL i*2Tl4nE NR; Jm* In 

V* to. CM Ms 

2?“nr NauSraw at RfchmowL 

SfL 11-1 Naenp 4th. 12-1 TuOor Paly. 8 
ranJWC Doorstep. EWJM30. Ra&ieaiman 
Lass, Sm SpfeSn. Timms. 8L m 41. 
dot 71 F Watson at Sstm teM -TOTE: 
£JJ0\ £1.20, ESAU, £1.20. Tift EtttJOi 
CSF E8&2S. TrteMfc £432£3. 

3A9pra 3OOy0 CMI, UNO HALLf Mr D 
KteM* . 5-ifc i, Vrigms oaaoe j Mr J 
QrsansH, lO-ffe 3, LseM CmbcMo ri Ufcs 
9 MaoWay. 16-1 V ALSO RAN: 4-1 Fa* 
Lombardy Star U/R, B-2 NoUwrtsy Ghost 
F. 8-1 Rod Pontiac 4th, 9-1 Ganrntti P/U, 
Moons QuaOrtoe SPy 2S-1 Hunte nnac 
p/U, 9**toet -Frank U/R, Tnmpni P/U, 
Ebarawn, F *** Danosr F, Martov am, 
Lueanny P/U. 15 ran. NftSDscfdn Brig, 
LMn«a- 80. 3L 3, BtnMnrewfed. Mrs f 
A RusmR St York. TOTE BLfiO: £2.10, 
£Za0,£1O50. DR E32Ja CSF; £4633, 

4.15 ®n 1, FRO! TO GO ( A 
MeGBioan, 10-1J: 2. Bunt mat G Mata. 
16-ik ADaeanl Cm* (Mr T Road. 16-1L 
-ALSO RAN: 5-2 F» Lucky Fan P/U, 7-2 
Tt» Slack Sat*, 4-1 HMffwnrajB P/U, 10- 
1 Musml WBf Sm. 14*1 SMcttyBustess, 
16-1 BorabsnJ, Trawl Hero 8th. 25-1 

. . Cannon. Stow Tttnarfs P/U. Si 
Again. 33-1 Hand StotoLMb* wsody > «t 
Ptocas, Dwn Dandy. 17 ran. NR: 
'CarQffrMusic, Hduni Uonraait, Tawny 

LOCil LOW. 8IA 51, B. 2NL M 
at Rtetmond. TOTE £4040; 
£22.10, E3JK. £13£0. DF: 1st or 2na wtm 
any omar horse: £460. CSF: £16012. 

M5 (2m Clfl 1. FERGV FOSTER ( R 
Lamb. 4-ik 2, tody tau* { D Noton, 20- 
1k 3, Santowdwr (Mr fl Mortoy, 33-1) 
ALSO RAN: 4-7 Fatr C»l DO0«SX>n 4th, 7-1 
snorter Prtnea. 16-1 TOW. HM Peter 
The Butctwr p/y, 25-1 Scrttaftre, 50- 1 
Tuflyeanrw, AMad P/U. Chrtaaen srh. Rflk 
6th- 12 ran. NR; Alton Gland, East Park, 

I -a-l- T V. 

JOntWOi 1 in 


£5.70. DF. QIAO. CSF £72.06. 

5.15 0B fled 1, TEW1T CASTLE (Mr H 
Brown. 16-Ip, ' 


ran: 7- 

Pauper Moon, 12 _ 

MetaL Rastas Son (Bth£ 14 F9 Aburoper. 
.Roast Moor Lad, 16 Horn Tony, 20 
Btandex (4tnj. Refcadto (5d&& Gypsy Fior 
Sur*. RestandbsthankiuL 33 Ksnv Maha. 
16 ran. Nft Qreor, Sm You There, Gyps 
GW. Mkoota Eva, JustSmetay. 1 5H. 3L 5, 
2L 10L 0 Lm at KrtoymooraMa- Tote: 
£20.10; BL5Q, £1.60. £8.70 DF £10&ttL 
CSF £55^3. 

We, Tha Rtfngs. Brians*, fl, is. W, 
1L W A Stephenson at Btstop 
(fold. TOTEE5JS; £140. Q& 

15 (hn fiat) 1 , tcwit castle (Mr h 

row. 16-1 kX MacttstaM HR 2-1 fevk 
Hsqaine Ptra (0 ComM, 12-1). Abo 

Pfacsrtfc not won - pw* • 

tamed, fenrdtoSanwMil 


GOING: ytekSng to soft 

(18 runners) 


.... M M Lynch 

R A Fahey (7) 















-000 CHRISTMAS KATE P D McCreary 6-12-0 , 

-140 DOMNDA‘8 PET A J Keane 6-12-0 

-004 LiCS-LE LADY F Rood 5-11-2 

-004 PALE PETAL W Newman 5-11-12 

-000 RAMBLING GOLD P Mutons 5-11-12 

-000 KNOCKBOY DREAM T Knane 8-11-6 — 

•002 ST BLUE C G O'Donovan B-1 1-6 

-003 KSS S8E BfUDE W Fenran 4-11-4 

-400 LADY’S GUEST M A OTooia 5-1 1-4 

-130 LUCKY BALOO Ms J Morgan 4-11-4 

. C J Power 5-11-4 

-040 BIRCHWOOD J Crowley 4-10-13 

USSAMfUKlP Day 4-10-13 

-00 OUR MAGE BVKeBy 4-10-13 

F RATHVBXY FLYER <5 McEntae 4-10-13 

p McCormack (3) 

— M Moran 

F Barry 

H Rogers 



Mr R Tyner (7) 

P p Kmane (71 

N liKWen 


Mr H Kirk (3) 

Mr R F Dalton 



3-1 OutckUsaL 7-2 Lady Maariane, 9-2 Snahraza, 6-1 Doan. 8-1 Glen MJel , Royal Sam. 
12-1 others. 


-024 SHAHREZAPMuflfns 5-10-10 

F00 CEART GO LEOR Miss S Ftan 6-10-2 ... 
-000 CLAREMORE BOY T Cartwry 7-9-13 

-002 CHXAN C King 10-9-1 1 



... M Moran 

C O'Dwyar 

5-2 LueBe Lady, 3-1 Ktas The Bride. 5-1 Lucky Baloo, 6-1 Ramrting Gold. 8-1 
Bkchwood & St Blue. 10-1 Dorlnda's Pet 12-1 others. 














-OOO HOMEPATHJH Scon 8-11-11 

K F O'Brien 

POO CLEVER FOX JLHassen 6-11-7 R O'Donovan 

-000 FAJROQANDT Hughes 6-11-5 T Morgan 

-4RR GALLOP RHYTHM 6 McDonogh 5-11-4 H Rogers 

-213 ROSsatHOF Miss S Fmn 5-11-4 M M Lynch 

-242 JOLLY MARKER FJ Lacy 6-1 1-2 A Powel 

•000 MUSCOOOVA M J GfBSSk* 5-1 1-2 
-100 LOCAL TOWER F Warren 5-11-1 
-000 GLORY HUNTER JGGroome 6-1 1-0 

CO' 1 


P McCormack 

-324 HURRICANE ANNIE E O'Dwyar 8-11-0 K B Walsh 

1-11-0 _ 

-000 MOU-QAFA R Coonan 6-11- 
-000 PAS CHOICE P D McCreary 7-n-O 
-000 PAUPERS PRIDE V Bowens 6-11-0.. 

mt SEOUHN R Walsh 10-11-0 

-400 wm EM ALL J R Pheton 6-11-0 


R HaniJhck (5J 

Mr P J Vaughan | 















-041 DEBBIES FMEM) J J Mangan 6-12-0 . 
-1P3 DANCING SHOON PMuRns 5-11-12 . 
-400 JACKSON hHSSDTHutfWS 5-11-12 
-000 LITTLE DUCKLMGJPHarty 6-11-6 ~ 
-000 ROONDA W Newman 6-11-8 . 

..... Mr J J 

-000 SEEKER AGAIN P J P Doyle 6-11*6 . 
-240 GAY RHAPSODY N Meade 4-11-4 

-023 LADY BOW F Flood 5-11-4 

•020 LADY COOWE P Hughes 4-11-4 _ 
-440 SW8T Tide TVO'Cormetl 5-11-4 
ADVERB James Murphy 4-10-13 — 
-004 CAMDEN BELLE B Malone 4-10-13 . 
-00 LOVES A LADY V Kennedy 4-10-13 . 
000 POTTLERATH T Nicholson 4-10-13- 
-000 SHAWOX ANNA TBergm 4-10-13. 

A Muflins 
..... T Morgan 
T G McCourt 
H Rogers 

A Powell 

P Leech 

F Berry 

,, M Flynn 

T VOConnel 

T Townend 

T McGNem 

fl ODonavan 

P P Kinnane 7 

N Madden 

3-1 Romerhof. 4-1 JoOy Manner. 6-1 Gkxy Hunter & Homepath, B-1 Clever Fox. 
Ffflroqan. 10-1 Hurricane Anne, 14-1 attrers. 

Wexford selections 

2. J0 Lucille Lady. 3.0 Camden Belle. 3.30 Carnival's Over. 4.0 
Lady Mearlane. 4.30 Romerhof. 3.0 Ross Fandango. 5.30 Spring 


94 Osnang Shoon. 7-2 Camden Bene. 9-2 Lady Bow. 5-2 Lady Coorabe. 7-1 
Dobbin Friend. 8-1 Jackson Miss. 10-1 Gey Rhapsody, 14-1 otters. 

&3Q ST AIDEN'S HUNTERS CHASE (am*$eur$:£690:3m) (9) 










CARMVAL*S OVER J L Hassan B-12-5 . 
U ANOTHSt STUBBS R Valentine 7-12-0-. 

0 BALLYBIULUSHH T Costello 6-T2-0- 

Mr 0 hfcrssea f3) 


... Mr T Costello 










... N Madden 

-004 ROSS FANDANGO TCarberry 7-1 1-11 

-421 SHACK STREET Miss E Purcell 10-11-8 Mr P A I 

-213 DANMAHA Ms J Morgan 5-11-5 UTI 

-100 FLYING FERRET A Redmond 5-11-5 A PowbK 

-024 KHOCKERRA J fl H Fowler 6-11-3 

-100 EOUANAB E J O'Grady 6-11-1 

*140 WILDWOOD F M O'Brien 8-11*0 

•311 PAOLO PfUUO P Hughes 5-10-12 

-043 UVARNA LADY DMcDctnogh 6-10-10 .... 
•00 CAfiAAE A Murphy 5-10-9 

Mr J Fowler 

T J Ryan 

. A J O'Brien 
... tt M Flynn 
H Rogers 


-000 LEAPY LADY 10-12-0 

-300 RUBBER GLOVES J O'Connor 7-12-0 

-40F SAMJY HUSSAR J L RottweJI 7-12-0 

F TALBOTS KtU. M Donohoa B-12-0 


Mr D O'Connor (3) 


Mr R Denote 


— . C O'Dwyer 

5-2DsnrnarB.7-2Knoctorre.5-1 Ross Fandango & Paolo Primo. 7-1 Shack Street B-1 
WBdwood. 10-1 Equanoid. 12-1 Lavama Lady. 16-1 others. 

&30 ROSSLARE PRO/AM 5YO FLAT RACE (£82B:2m) (18) 

ARTISTIC LOVE Mrs P Gavin 5-11-8 - Ur D P Costete 

5-2 CanWaTs Over, 11-2 Leapy Lady. 7-1 Rufioer Qouss. 10-1 
14-1 others. 


P MOUffTRATH P D McCreery 10-1 1-8 . 

3d 6*1 l>r — 

P10 QthCKDEAL F Flood 6*11 
•230 GLEN MIS. James Murphy 8-11-4 
F44 EADESTOWND Dav 7-11-2 


-040 PATCHBWSVKtfy 8-11-2 

-421 RAVEN RIVER P Multts 9-10-13 — 
P02 ROYAL SAM T O'Cala^ten 9-10-1Q 

P McCormack 

C O'Dwyer 

T Townend 

Mr P Day (7) 

T McGNem 
. P JConey J7) 
















ABBEYSDE PUB T FitzGerald 12-0 — 
-000 BALLEEN RIVER M Bowe 12-0 .... 

-000 K8X1NICK DUKE JJ O'Connor 12-0 

-000 RARE MOBILE M J Hogan U-0 

Mr M Bown (7) 

Mr M Hoc 
_ KBWa 

-023 SPRING PAUPER F Flood 1M 

-000 THE FIXER P MuHns 12-0 — Mr P McCarthy {7} 

-400 AB8EY STREAM T Bardin 11-11 Mr PJ Vaughan (7) 

-00 ANAGLOG DREAM D McDonald 11-11 MrGMaw»v(7) 

-0 bOROULLAW Deacon 11-11 MrR McCabe (7) 

-0 COWT HUSSAR Miss S Rnn 11-11 Mr E McNamara (7) 

DEEP PRINCESS N J Tecwr 11-11 to N R Tenor i7] 

-000 DQieGALSTARJJ Casey 11-11 — Mr A O'Donovan 

Jtn riTUi mM ftunw i rt'etun i 

-00 KATHLEEN'S CHOICE J O'Shea 11-11 

-000 SAFARI DANCER LTReOy 11-11 

-234 SWANS BOG WTBowto 11-11 


Mr J A Berry (7) 

El Mansonr out Blank day despite the thaw 

B Mansour. a 30-1 chance, 
was one of several fancied 
horses withdrawn at yesterday's 
second acceptance stage for tire 
William Hill Lincoln at Don- 
caster on March 22. Bill Watts, 
who trains tire seven-year-old 
gelding, said that he could not 
get him ready in time. 

The sponsors' revised betting 
is 8-1 Well Rigged, 14-1 Rana 
Pratap and Virgin Isle. 20-1 
Advance, Go Banana's, Try To 
Me and Christian Schad, 

Although racing returned to 
Britain after a month's absence 
at Catterick yesterday, the Chaw 
arrived too late to save today’s 
meetings at Stratford and 
Win can ton. However, there are 
no problems reported for the 
meetings at Wexibrd in Ireland 
today or at Carlisle aad Market 
Rasen tomorrow. 

There remains a slight doubt 
about tomomow's otter meet- 
ing at SandowniPark where an 
inspection will He held at 4.0 

today. Mark Kershaw, the derk 
of the course, said: “The course 
has thawed out quite consid- 
erably over foe last couple of 
days but there is still frost in 
places. We have a reasonable 
chance of going ahead." 

The thaw foiled to work 
quickly enough to save today's 
meetings at Stratford and 
Wmcanton. There was still frost 
in the ground when ihe stewards 
inspected the courses yestttdtg; 

Lincoln acceptors 

Doncaster March 22). 45 second accep- 
tors.- Bonn KraohL Slaney. Advance. Go 
Banana s. Reafly Honest Ouataar Ryer. 
Rad RusseiL Empapanero, Chnsnan 
Scned. Dorset Cottage, Sharp noub, 
Gundreda, K- Banary, Hay Street 
ttwttpour. Try To Stop Me. Shetaua 
Moores Metal, Rana Pratap. Star Of A 
Owner, Senor Ramos. Won tea. WeB 
RiMed, Conmayla Runnmg FluSft, Xha. 

Covared. Any Business. Fusto. 
S udden I mpac t. Merry Measure. 

52HSC 5 *' ,*zi£L Wm,or ‘ •“am*. Hish 

Prtcned. Lemetesw. Every Effort. 
5®5* on- _ T “n Fonder, Rvmatune. 

MwBsar. Next acceptance 
stage: four-day tfectoatiens. 



WST 1 'T*r ,1 »T* i 

YOUR TALENTS a banking career with 
Abbey National 


Use your 2 years’ 
bookkeeping experience, 
general accounting banking 
knowledge and your initiative 
and ambition, to step into a 
promising career with Abbey 

You will probably be educated 
to ‘A’ level standard in Maths, 
but the essential attributes are 
numeracy, initiative, the ability 
to learn quickly and good 
communication skills. 

You wifi be joining the Finance 
Division at a time of 
heightened activity and major 
innovations due to the 




expansion of our services in 
1987. As a Senior 
Reconciliation Clerk you will 
be responsible for reconciling 
the whole range of the 
Society's accounts, 
encompassing all our systems, 
on a monthly basis and for 
recommending and developing 
improvements to the current 

Success in this position will 
lead to the opportunity to 
train for a management or 
computer development role. 

The starting salary of £9.000 is 
accompanied by a wide range 
of company benefits. Please 
send your full career details to 
Bill Whicehead, Abbey 
National Building Society. 
Abbey House. Baker Street. 
London NWI 6XL 


We are currently seeking a senior executive with drive, 
enthusiasm, and with a professional approach to sates 
management. The applicant should already have a proven sales 
record and should satisfy the following requ i rem ents 

Age between 35-45 - Graduate level in reflect, preferably with 
design experience ■ Knowledge of the architectural world would 
be a distinct advantage - Excellent co mm unication skills, energy 
and flairare essential personal qualities ■ Knowledge of foreign 
languages, especially Italian is useful but not a prerequisite. 

The position offered is based in our London headquarters, at 19 
New Bond Street. The successful candidate wiD have the following 
main responsibilities:- To coordinate the activity of offices and 
showrooms • To promote the sales of Tecno products dealing with 
architects, designers and end-users - To supervise and maintain 
contact with factories and the U.K. technical centre. 

A generous salary and benefit package will be negotiated with the 
successful candidate. 

Please apply in writing to the Managing Director sending a detailed C.V. 



Quality furniture by design 


lo*con *i*rr«anu »»*sels bucnosmres cmu*a ousseido* grcv* ce«o* urboime 




c.£ 18,000 + benefits 

The Abbey National Building 
Society has established a 
reputation as forward thinking 
and innovative in its approach 
to business. In order to 
develop further, the Society is 
seeking to fill several vacancies, 
within its Corporate Planning 
Division, with high quality 
innovative and creative people, 
who can analyse future 
business opportunities, 
catalyse discussion on 
alternative strategies and assist 
line managers in their task of 
planning the future. 

Ideally, this position calls for 
numerate graduates in 
economics or finance. 




preferably with an MBA and 
who have had two or three 
years' experience since 
qualifying. Communication and 
analytical skills are essential. 
Drive and commitment are 
important attributes. 
Opportunities for future 
promotion and development 
are significant in a period of 
substantial diversification and 
development for the Society, 
resulting from the new Building 
Society Act currently going 
through Parliament. 

A competitive starting salary 
will be accompanied by the full 
range of benefits expected of a 
large financial organisation. 
Please send full career and 
salary details to 
Mr W Whitehead. Abbey 
National Building Society. 
Abbey House. Baker Street. 
London NWI 6XL. 



Salaries to £28K phis car 

Touche Ross & Co. one of the world's largest and most progressive 
firms of Chartered Accountants, isexperiencingsignificantgrowth in 
the demand for if s Audit and specialist Audit Services. 

Exciting career opportunities exist in:- 


Applicants should be Chartered Accountants, aged up to 35, with 
relevant experience in public practice, in financial 
institutions or in the corporate finance department of a large 

Career prospects for ambitious candidates with partnership 
potential are excellent 

Write or phone now to Raymond Hurley for more information at- 

& louche Ross 

The Business Partners 

Touche Ross & Co, 

Hill House, 1 Little New Street London EC4A 3TR. 
Telephone: 01-353 8011 





CIRCA £25,000 

A person of managing director calibre is required for a first class 3.500 acTe 
Estate on which the main enterprises are cereals, sugar beet potatoes, sheep 
and commercial forestry, the Estate is well maintained and conservation has 
Ixrcn given great importance for over 40 years. The General Manager will have 
full responsibility for all Estate matters and will report directly to the resident 
owner. Duties could also include supervision of three out-lying upland estates. 
The successful applicant wiJJ have a proven track record of efficient commer- 
cial farm management on the ground and a general business awareness. 
Suitable candidates are likely to be between 30 and 50. married and hold a 
formal qualification. 

Remuneration is negotiable, but the candidate who is ideal in every way can 
look forward to a salary of £25.000. Other benefits will include first class 
pension scheme, a comfortable house and a quality car. 

Ilf iwifiurio "ill At Irmittf hi lit ifrninr nwi/rffur mfrmidlHm > ■«, cmirrg appfh'uitt\ niff fv 
ihuk'utl h’/v-i ■ t forw* ihv*i|W wtlll M.r rfir wimnmi 1 on «v inlrrrard in An p.onhm ih.ui/ij 
Mr 1. 1 ‘ KnHtr\ jl .i»r M um 1 . t iV/iir i/mrnf* nii’rrm ,■ I p "n. 

Laurence Gould 

r - ’f - J WARWICK CV 34 AT T 
TEL (0926)496T2tV 



Applications are invited for two new curatorial officer Grade G 
posts at the Royal Armouries, the National Museum of Arms and 

The successful candidates will be expected to help senior 
curatorial staff in the display, care, and cataloguing of exhibits, to 
deal with routine enquiries, and to give general assistance with the 
maintenance of photographic and library records. 

Applicants should normally have GCE ‘O' level passes tor A, B or 
C awards i in English or English Language and at least 3 other 
subjects, or an equivalent or higher qualification. Museum 
experience and knowledge of the specialised history’ of arms and 
armour arc desirable, but not essential. 

Salary is on the national scale £1,277 ul age 16, W.W-f ai age 21 to 
£6,33S pa plus London Weighting Alhnmnce of £1,365 pa. 

Further details and application form can be obtained from Miss S 
j Wilson, Personnel Section. Royal Armouries, HM Tower of 
London, EON 4AB or telephone 01 -ISO 6358 ext. 352. Please 
quote ref T/CU. dosing date lor receipt of applications is Friday 
28th March. 

The Royal Armouries is an Equal Opportunity Employer. 


We don’t want to hear from budding pianists, but we do 
want to hear from top flight KEYBOARD SALES 

Our client, a major U.K company, wishes to recruit 
experienced, highly motivated, enthusiastic Sales 

You would be selling some of the most advanced office 
systems that are recognisable as brand leaders, with an 
unrivalled back-up from start to finish. 

You will be aged 25 - 35 years and have been involved in 
selling specialist keyboard computers -or have had 
experience of selling highly sophisticated business 
equipment and now be ready for a top career move. You 
must be highly enthusiastic, professional and have a strong 
outgoing personality. 

If you like the sound of what you have just read, then write 
with full career details to:- 

John E. Holmwood ■ a 

Agency Manager, I I 1 X\ 

JRA Advertising, ■ I 

Sun Life House, ■ ■ * V 

3/5 Charlotte Street, 




an international specialist firm of Lloyd’s brokers, with 
subsidiaries throughout North America, require a • 


Applicants must have an intimate knowledge of the working of 
the Lloyd’s industry and be of senior standing ,havmg warmth 
and strength of , character, complimentary to the Company’s 
business style and philosophy. 

In addition to generous salary and benefits, it is intended that 
the appointment will lead to a directorship with the holding 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to: 

Mr B J Warren - Chairman 
Crawley Warren (Holdings) Ltd 
8 Lloyds Avenue 
London EC3 3HD 



The management structure of the Authority is being changed radicafly to incorporate general, 
management concept s . ' _ 

Two Senior Executive appointments are to ba made to the District Management 8aan3. 

Both posts will respond dnectfy to the District General Manager (Me Jack Lowe). 


This post is accountable for an aspects©! the Treasurer's rote in an Authority with a revenue budget of 
£46m, a capital spend of £3m md ernpkmng 3750 whole time staff. A key respon&tihty is for flte~ 
development and implementation of effective, integrated information systems throughout, the 

THE REQUIREMENT is fora qualified accountant from the KHS. public sen** or he private sacks: 

Salary presently up to £24^99 -subjeci to review. - 


The post provides professional support to the Authority and rtssub-commrtfees. The ‘Secretary' wifl 
be a fufl member of the District and Unit Management Boards and wdl act as the pnriapaf 
communication link between the Authority’s different decsion levels. In particular the ‘Secretary is 
responsible for Headquarters adnwiiflraDon. legal and statutory matters, pubic rotations a n d officia l 
communications with other authorities. Thera is considerable scope tor career development. 

THE REQUIREMENT is for a suitable professional qualification and a record of success at a senior 
level m the NHS, preferably including hospital management experience. ••• 

Salary presently up to £19^Q2-subject to review . 

App Ocants shou ld submit «fu » and covering let te r aoqj tehi ig how they can contribute to 
the demanding requirements of this Authority; ta- 

Mr. G. N. Davies, District Personnel Officer. Tunbridge Wefls Health Authority. Sherwood Pa*. 
Pembury Road. Tunbndge WeHs. Kent TN2 3QE. (Tel (0892) 38811 ext 291) 

dosing date for receipt of a ppC ce fon s Wednes da y 2nd April 1986. 


Fund-Raising for The Boilerhouse 

The Conran Foundation is an educational charity which promotes design. For nearly 
five years it has organised a popular senes of exhijibons In the BoUertiousa of the 
Victoria a Albert Museum and is now building its own permanent premises in a 
riverside setting at Butler's Wharf in London's Docklands. 

The new Bodernouse wifl be a unique synthesis of museum, exftteition. con f erence 
and study facilities and is expected to become a centre o t international significance. 
The Foundation is creating a new post so that its revenue can be augmented by a 
sophisticated programme of fundraising. 

The lately candidate wifl be 25-35. highly literate, arttcutaie and numerate. He or she 
wifl probably have an established interest in design, industry or business and w* 
perhaps have had professional experience, in senior administration or finance. The 
salary for this demanding, but rewarding, post would not be less than £12,000 P-3- 
interested applicants should write together with a curriculum vitae and the names of 
two referees to: The Conran Foundation, Boflertnuse Project Victoria & AJOert 
Museum, London, SW7 2RL 



Successful Manager? 

your full potential 

The London Executive Programme is for 
managers who have established themselves as future 
leaders within the organisation. Duringthe challenging 
ten weeks they spend at the UK’s leading business 
school, they master new skills of analysis, negotiation, 
implementation. This experience benefits participants 
in one of the most productive and creative phases of 
their careers. 

It is a cosmopolitan programme. A third of the 
participants are based outside the UK. They are 
selected to achieve a balance across industries and . 
sectors. Each course makes a working visit outside the 
UK and for the next course this is to Eastern Europe. 

The London Executive Programme. 

Applications are now being taken for the October 1986 
programme and for the few remaining places on the 
April 1986 programme. 

Geraldine Jackson, London Business School, 
Sussex Place, Regent’s Park, London NWI 4SA. 
Telephone 01-262 5050. 




Wa need a young capattr dynamic person wttn good sales 
and administrative experience to be the London focus point 
for an Oveness Marketing Group aa&tog electronic and. 
computer products. Technical comprehension would be 
helpful. Respond bilttics Include Market CB-onflaooan. pric- 
ing. snipping, scheduling, advertising, sues Meranm. 
Some Overseas travel bwotved. A competitive salary is 
offered lor the right candidate to win Oils anas but fast 
Towing company, together with company car and other, 
benefits. Appbeants should apply In writing in the tmt 
Instance w«h full CV and preferably axfostng a recant 
photograph to: 

The Chairman 

D ew aart A 

«W1 I J _ J 

idea. sm« ; 



jj l JtXad 



££16,000 phis Car 

\h»w utMal | »afiw now Main 

swxssmsr 5ai*-5-«« « L-j-rSjs&gK 

tam^ih Art* «* *r hMqswd tad bm 

“■ ** r*«» «*. NdWftn CJlS" “ ^ 

Acec««a »WWI - Ef^gtm, Off„ 

Chemical En^neering 

? “ i » • -. 




" « . 


i- ,J ? •■'£'* 

- 5 ‘ V- .>* 

£ — 


• ’‘it, ‘ P 

* •- 'r 


Chief Accountant 

_ lni ^We£it HuDands 

Uiwmvfca qtaMirt 01 **** ** ««« w- 

tunofi jndury. 

To £18,000 + Car West Midlands 

IV VkBmda dmara at u k ten ati m *) gretp renews a Ifegreetfatarini'd Jew} 
CkcnM GDRhnr tt kad a rimM pn>MM ptek pnjnts (nm. ter»K manwmxiu 
afa&ics art aa aptitude fee ideatfyng new evos of pnxbruxi are PtecotiaL Expert- 
race ti tbe imakg of iterate w Ibdr w«i Uta» k nmnsy. art knowfafee 
of mam * rtvinaggaa. B w c fcp t pwapeett and bdcraaDtanl bwri eovnurd. 

Ea pa t aam g Mia - moum Offirt 

Sales Manager 

- imuu OnioM - Brdmgm* Off hx. 

Systems Consultant 

Up to £18,000 + Car + Profit sharing North 

TV* wn^dbl nmn; awka dyum* tMeom ■nrrrinHrt 

i fwmQuDinljnns skubr — ~ » 1 - 1 1 

id dMitafi^ pnnNt 
laiwl ifptmiqanin n 

_ J — -- . -■ — r «"uuuii reviews. 

iV««M and programme <Mopiarat would be a A 

CHwr ftMiM - Jfi 

£l6k + Co. Car UK 

Dor to an iaercued m “ > ™ wkhfci Ite a wratra naW thh miaafartnm irf 
rot uniKu aMc and dimly on u tpowat now aeria to appoint a U-g- imwl tnenag-r to 13 
a bjr rain «Uda its UJL opened*. Baaed a the ffid tei da. m/Sdurt should haw 

at p npuHtk 

1 and general i wun mru U Uan. 

Sain IWiJw * £r£mf n Office 

Project Engineer 


Leaders train tV field of ml ter teat bed icdmofeg 
dyn mi e pnflmiiw l with don emote of Mmin . 

o p am oi qt I Wmbl ife tl)P art FORTRAN. *Mq u> 

: at nmt am woridag under pn—e to apsdfie tune and fmanrial Kales, 
i s oneb caught alter iterate ores tint aatanaave dhrteoa of m main 


: thragb 

I qosUUM. Analogue, digital 





natural group has the advatege of major motoranr W 

... WJ# „ - Brdimflam Qfliw 

tfS^nfnI e iiSd t * B>g c y t ^ **®eOe^benefis and onManding prospects, for farther details appfieuds M/P atmnld 
tetephone or send a eomprebensne cm-rkahn* vitoe to the reSpS^Tr egiotial off** 


_ Applications are invited for two new conservation officer 
Grade F/E posts in the Conservation Department of the Royal 
Armouries, the National Museum ofArms and Armour. One post 
is concerned with the conservation and restoration of armour, and 
the second with the conservation and restoration of firearms. 
Applicants should normally have a degree in a relevant subject, 
some other recognised qualification m conservation, or have 
served a recognised apprenticeship in a relevant craft. They will 
also be expected to nave a proven ability in metal-woddng 

The successful applicants will be expected to work closely 
with the senior staff of the Conservation Department of the Royal 
Armouries in order to learn the necessary spe cialis t skills 

Those selected for interview wiO be expected , to show 
examples of their work and demonstrate their skills during a day 
visit io the Royal Armouries. 

Salary: Coasemaian Ofiker F: £6,303 ~£8,917 pa 
Conservation Officer E: £8,452 -£l IJ6S pu 
In addition there is a London Wei^itmgAIbiaiuceqf£J^6Spa. 
Starting salary according io quaUficanonsand experience. 

Further details and application form can be obtained from 
Miss S J Wilson, Personae! Section, Royal Armouries, HM ' 
Tower of London, EC3N 4AB, or telephone 01480 6358 ext. 
352. Please quote ref T/CO. Closing date for. receipt of 
applications is Friday 28th March. 

Tire Royal Anmuries is an Equal Opportunity Employer. . 

. & 

R QyA'fe^ARM-OURfg’S- 


06 s0 SALES 


Established City stock brokers seek Sales per- 
sonnel, ideally aged 25-35. Previous stock 
broking experience would be advantageous tat 
prepared to train person of suitable aptitude. 

Salary negotiable according to experience plus 
benefits and bonus. 

Please reply enclosing full CV to: 

BOX C79, c/o News International, PO Box 
484, Virginia Street London, El 9DD. 

AH applications will be treated in strictest con- 



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M m r w BO inde, mar oner. 

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mocaOa* tan win. be mat- btttmi nwy n ap oltan i r arauod 
riaaoo pa. a bn car and oOaar bcoefm jraial 

*. Wan Mtrtta m eoaMaacr or t Ha a taam R N Ok- for a form. «M- 
' ha ciical rafmno 

f v -'-r.- 

' a Iboi i ai 

- IS NOW BBVagra Street umh wix Iff 
TWphra Ol-ZSV 6063 



THORN EMI, the largest consumer electrical company in the (JLK. is expanding its Central Research 
Laboratories to meet the demand for tomorrows products. We are seeking Engineers and Scientists 
to work in our new faboratoiy complex which houses one of the worlds most innovative research 
establishments and is situated in the high technology centre of South-East England 

Solid State 





Video & 

For Silicon micro engineering and fundamental studies into thin film 
dielectrics. Oosely associated with our unique Sensors research team, 
several positions are available from senior research/project leaders 
downwards depending on age and qualification. 

Our rapidly expanding displays activities need staff at all levels with 
electronic systems design abilities and knowledge of surface mounting 
and inter-connection techniques. 

We are a world force in digital, audio and video and data recording 
systems. We need staff at all levels to work on novel systems and media 
in recording especially magnetic but optical is of increasing importance. 

Our work in TV Signal Processing leading towards true High Definition TV 
studies, improved standards and performance on TV display Systems is 
already well advanced. To maintain and indeed to increase this 
momentum, we are seeking a number of well qualified electronic 
engineers to make a significant contribution to our research programme. 
We would expect applicants to have at least four years relevant experience. 
The research expertise to be enhanced indudes the investigation of 
new/improved display systems and associated signal processing; the 
study of video recording techniques, analogue and digital video 
techniques. The minimum qualification for these vacancies is a BSc in a 
relevant discipline. 

Very attractive salaries and conditions of employment with excellent prospects for career development 
are offered to applicants who can make a significant contribution to the research in these fields. 

For further details and an application form please contact our personnel department on F REEF ONE 
“Central Research" extension 6648 quoting reference TT/62. 



Central Research Laboratories 













Product Management 

j£25-j£30k+ car + bonus 





Acom Computers Limited is respected world-wide for its innovation and success in some of 
the most advanced technology markets. The company has maintained an excellent 
reputation in micro-computing research and development, and in its ability to take leading- 
edge technology to die market. With anew organisational structure, a solid financial base 
and an enviable European network of resources, h now needs experts to help take it through 
a period of planned strategic growth in existing and new technology markets. 

Computer Division Product Manager 

This appointment requires an electronics engineer or computer scientist with proven 
maikexmg/buriness acumen to take full responsibility for die life cycle of Acorn’s Scientific 
Workstation products. Hie role encompasses the product marketing and management 
disciplines, and you must be capable of giving individual products focused Technical and 
commercial attentio n. Specifically, UNIX experience and a famfliariiy with applications in a 
number of areas such as CAD would be desirable, bur of greater importance is the personal 
strength to act as a standard bearer for this and future generations of products. 

Component Technology Product Manager 

The Component Technology Product Group is responsible for exploiting Acorn’s unique 
technology in a wide range ofnew markets. This appointment requires a highly motivated 
self-starter who is capable of taking what is presently a small activity, identifying pores tial 
applications, and creating a multi-million pound operation. He/she must have an excellent 
understanding of micro-computing technology combined with the marketing flair and 
mrntnw rial ability to build a major business. Age is not important but you are probably a 
ma rketeer with a science background,'enabling you to understand the most advanced 
research concepts and identify appropriate applications. Ref: GT /A/044 

For confidential discussion please contact Giles Thomas on 0223 313791 (day) or 
0223 328019 (evening) re write to him at Cambridge Corporate Consultants Limited, 

7 Green Street, Cambridge CB2 3JU. 

























A highly successful company 
involved in the field of 
Marketing/Promotional products. 

Dus to rapid expansion, several 
new positions are available from 
JUNIOR through to 

If you are a person with intelli- 
gence and initiative and prefer 
interesting and responsible work, 
telephone without delay. 




TEL.-OI 402 5071 

financial consultancy 


FnB ncsss a! mm. and lead lo in die fina year. 

RgmUng ^Irijo^r n^*y to develop your own business and career path in a growing company and in an 

^ f—- -jg ;m 

for London ad. agency. 

with personal computers as 
well as dealing with people, 
here’s a superb opportunity 
fora permxnan, enjoyable 

The following qualities 
and qualifications are 
ase ati a L- 

• You should be mature 
(ideally aged between 25 
and 45 1, outward-going, 
good bumonred, hardwork- 
ing, resourceful and smart 

• You must have fast, 
accurate word processing 
skills aad a logical mind 

• Book-keeping 
experience would be useful 
(Yourveork would involve 
the use of Spreadsheets and 
Database mma^ am rn t — 

with on the spot training if 

• Areal interest in the 
processed' advertising would 
be overwhelming, even 
though we overwhelm easily 

• Salaries are generous 
and relate to experience 
Good references- which 
will be taken up-are key to 

Please apply to 

Barrie Hope on 61-352 0077. 


Lloyd, Clark, Sows Ltd., 
231-241 King’s Road, 
London SW34PW 




As a result of our continued growth we require several MANAGEMENT 
CONSULTANTS to maintain our development. 

Could you be one of them? 

You must be highly motivated with an appetite for achievement. Your 
successful track record will show that you are thoroughly experienced in 
the business to business area and capable of problem solving for small 
and medium sized companies, be they financial, commercial or 

You will receive comprehensive training and the back-up necessary. A 
first-rate remuneration package commensurate with effort is oflered- 

It this is your sort of challenge and you are free for an IMMEDIATE 
START to join our expanding team, please send complete career details 
to Mark Quinery, RerrTl 500. Independent Consulting and Management 
Company Ltd., Universal House. 5&-58 Clarence Street, Wngston-upon- 
Thames, Surrey KT1 1NP. 


Are you earning over £20K and seeking a 

new job? 

The Connaught Services have helped 

more executives to find new appoint- 

ments than any other organisation — 
mainly in the unadvertised vacancy area. 

Contact us for a free confidential 
meeting. If you are currently' abroad, 
enquire about our EXPAT EXECUTIVE 

London, W1 


(24 hours) 

■The Executive Job Search Professionals ■ 



Salary Range: £19000 - £21000 + 

The Authority is seeking K> appoint a lateral m a n ag e r for ibc 
Priority Service Unit wtnrb includes the psychiatric and mental 
handicap services. The major task will be tbe development of 
local services to effect tbe transfer of patens from lone stay 
hospitals outside the District, this win involve taking the lead if 
establishing a coherent and flexible pattern of services in con- 
junction with tbe loot authority and voluntary agencies. 

The appointment wiD be for an initial 3 year fixed term, renew, 
able by mutual agreement. Clinicians will be reimbursed in 
accordance with HC(85)9. 

informal disnwsiont welcomed by Bryan H ar rison. District 
General Manager <01-272 3070 ext. 4120). 

Infonnabos and appbcauon form available from Mrs. S. Baker. 
Acting District Personnel Officer. District Offices. Whruznaon 
Hospital. H«bs*ie Wmg. Dartmouth Pari HilL London NI9 
5NF. Teh 01-272 3070 e\L 4116. 

Closing date for applkstioiiR 21ft March I9B6. 
a) Opport u nity Employer. 




North West Thames Regional Health Authority 
is recruiting graduates to train in Accountancy 
and Financial Ma n agem e nt within the NHS. 
The complex task of financial management 
demands the skills of able and qualified 
personnel at a high leveL Consequently, 
opportunities for qualified accountants in the 
NHS are both challenging and rewarding. 

The scheme commences in September 1986 and 
combines office experience with formal studying, 
leading to a full accountancy Qualification with 
the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and 

Starting salary rises from £7,324 on 
c om me n cement of employment to £9.218 on 
passing CIPFA PE2 (normally 2 V * years). Pull 
training expenses will be paid in addition. 

If you have the necessary academic ability and 
the managerial potential required, then please 
request an application form and further details 
from: The Employee Services Unit North West 
Thames Regional Health i Authority, 40 
Eastbourne Terrace, London, W2 3QR_ 
01-262 8011 ext 19/411. Closing date: 31st 
March 1986. 

nulWff (Or pood A Ln«n sonnn. load and bnnMr. 
To auKUv train in alt aw* banqueting, building, control, 

nwnaqmtefli of iwoe t°» Meor ctxnpmrr Dining r mourn m. 

fair [Piurani «Wi widrty oar and krtenen Sgni J«n. 5 

acclaimed wine i*d and owere daw p w me w ends Free 

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M rn 

If you area Chartered Accountant 
or intend to qualify soon and you are 
really determined to establish your 
career, here are the reasons why 
other equally ambitious and talented 
people have joined PW: 

•Practical experience based on 
an organisation structure designed 
to give you assignments with a wide 
variety of leading businesses m all 
sectors of the economy. 

•Training in management and 
business skills as an integral part of 
our comprehensive CPE 

• Career development; 
outstanding opportunities, 
generated by continuing growth, in 
general practice, tax, insolvency, 
computer audit, the public sector 
and consultancy. 

• International client work within 
the UK. with unsurpassed 
opportunities to work abroad. 

If you share our determination 
to succeed by meeting the highest 

standards of professional excellence you 
can find out more by reading our 
booklet “Career Development in PW". 

Please contact your rarest PW off ice 
ormail the slip below to: 

Mike Jennings, 

Price Waterhouse, 

Southwark Towers, 

32 London Bridge Street, 

London, SE19SY. 

Tel: 014078989. 

Price Waterhouse 

Offices In: London, Aberdeen. Birmingham. Bristol. Cardiff. OntJley, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Leicester, 
Liverpool, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Newcastle, Nottingham, Southampton. Windsor and Jersey. 

Please send me a copy of your booklet “ Career Development in PW". 


SAFT (UK) Ltd. - a subsidiary of SAFT France and 
Member of the multinational CGE Group - currently 
poised to increase its leadership in the UK for 
Advanced Battery Systems for military and industrial 
markets - are now seeking the right person fora 
newly-created position. . . 




Technically qualified with considerable personal flair 
and drive ...capable of working closely with European 
consortia, MoD Project Officers and prime contractor 
Technical Managers to identify customer trends 
m power source applications ...with an m-depth 
understanding of the relevant power sources ...and a 
business vision for defining our next generation of 

You should have an Electrical Engineering qualification 
with a minimum of three years' experience tn industry 
or related military environment - and the flair to meet 
the challenge of this newly-created position at the sharp 
end of our marketing initiative. 

We are offering an excellent salary with fringe benefits 
that include a company car, bonus. BUPA, relocation 
assistance and the prospect of Divisional Director status. 

Please apply in the first instance for an application form to: 

Mrs. M.A. Killingback, Personnel Manager, 

SAFT (UK) Ltd, Station Road, Hampton, 

Middlesex. TW1 2 ZBY. 

Telephone: 01-979 7755. 


Company Secretary 

c.£ 15,000 + car 

Conran Design Group is a leading international design 
consultancy recently formed by the merger of Conran 
Associates and The Design Group. Currently employing over 
200 staff, we are looking for an extremely bright, young 
Chartered Secretary to join our enthusiastic team. 

His or her duties will include dealing with commercial and legal 
agreements, administration of insurance, property 
management and personnel policy, advice on ail statutory 
matters and attendance at Board meetings. 

The company offers excellent career prospects and generous 
fringe benefits. If you have previous relevant experience and 
would like to join our highly professional creative group, 
please send a full C.V. to John Hyams, Financial Director, 
Conran Design Group, The Heal's Building, 

1 96 Tottenham Court Road, London W I P 9LD. 


Publisher of financial review seeks persons with writ- 
ing ability to work part time commenting on 
international investment opportunities. Ideal opening 
for people wanting regular work on a flexible basis. 
Successful applicants will have knowledge of invest- 
ments together with writing ability and experience. 
Remuneration will be anracuve to well qualified per- 

Please write giving details of qualifications and expe- 
rience to: 

James Woollen. 

World Investor. 

7-1 1 Lexington Street. 

London WIR 3HQ. 


NEED £4*800 pw? 

Let your voice earn you a really good living and 
telephone us today if you can start our excellent 
training course on March 10th, March 17th or 
April 7th. Ail you need is a good speaking voice, 
determination, and to be aged 23-55 and reason- 
ably inteliigeni/educated. Work is in our NW2 
offices during office hours only. No weekend or 
evening work and you don't need your own 
phone or car. 

Tel: R. Tolbot or P. Sweeney 450 9322. 


The company is very well capitalised and 
the ideal candidate will already have a prov- 
en track record in the cosmetic skin care or 
toiletries market. An extremely attractive 
remuneration package will be Offered. 

Telephone (0788) 67711 (day*) or 
01*352 4892 (eveo/wkdi) 


A firm commitment to 
develop your career 
that's what Allied Dun- 
bar is currently offering 
to men and women who 
arc equally commuted to 

Last year alone spent 
over £3 million on train- 
ing programmes for our 
Sales Associates and 
many of them went on to 
reap the rewards. 

For an interview or fur- 
ther details call Peter 
Richards on 01-637 7200 
- London and Home 


An netting came Is open la 
mdliidmis (23- ■ who or* 

single minded and Inlerencd 
in Ui«r own future. If you 
would Ulie the opportunity 
u cam over £20.000 per 
annum and earn snares in a 
nationwide group. 

Please caH:- 

Mr Hunt on 
01-439 8431 




To run small computerised 
department and provide 
financial management 
information. LeflttJ 

accounting experience 
essential excellent salary 
and conditions 

lo: Mike Jennings, 

Price Waterhouse. 
Southwark lowers, 

32 London Bridge Street. 
London, SE19SY. 

Planners and Economists 

UP TO £16,000 

Rempioy is the country's biggest employer of 
disabled people and operates 94 factories 
throughout Great Britain. Our products and ser- 
vices include furniture, wheel chairs, 
orthopaedic products, knitwear, clothing, book- 
binding. print packaging and packing and 
assembly services. We are continuously devel- 
oping new products and services. 

The Company is being re-organised with a 
smaller head office in which the Planning De- 
partment will have a key role, working in the 
following areas: formulation of policy: setting 
business objectives: allocating resources: identi- 
fying problem areas: analysing persormance 
and specifying remedial action: preparation of 
business plans. We are currently recruiting two 
Senior Planners and one Planner within salary 
ranges of £12,900 to £16,800 and £10,002 to 
£11,002 respectively. 

The people appointed win have the ability to 
obtain and absorb informaiton, analyse it and 
present results in an inteltigibie form. Clarity of 
thought and expression will be vital. They will be 
flexible and able to work fast and effectively with 
people at all levels in the Company. Relevant 
trade experience will be useful but quantitative 
skills based on formal training in a suitable disci- 
pline. are likely to be essential. The jobs will 
demanding and only people who tike being 
stretched should apply. 

Please contact Personnel Admintetraijoa Manager, 
Rempioy Limited. 415 Edgware Read. Crirtdewood. 
London NW2 6LH. Tet 01-452 8029 

Merchant Banking & Investment Banking 

Merchant Banking — Corporate Finance 

c£l 7,500 4- benefits 

Many of the U.fC's leading Accepting Houses require reondy 
qualified Chartered Accountants to join cheir established and 
highly profitable corporate finance departments. The successful 
applicants will work in highly demanding environments bong 
involved, at an early .stage, with acquisition and merger studies, 
share flotations, corporate advice etc. The benefits and pro- 
motional prospects offered, combine to present a nighty 

attractive opportunity for the selected applicants. 

Investment Bank — International 

Corporate Finance c £18,000 + benefits 

Our client, a major force in- British Banking, reeks a r ecen tly 
qualified accountant to work in die corporate finance depart- 
ment working on cross border mergers and acquisitions- The 
successful applicant should be prepared to travel extensively 
throughout the world particularly in the U.S.A. and Europe. 

Interested applicants should contact Victoria Ward 
Krickic on 01-404 5751 at Michael Page City. 

39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 

International Capital Markets 

to £25,000 + benefits 

We are acting, for a major U.S. investme nt cunenriy 
expanding its capital markets activities. Opportunities «« roc 
newly qualified A-C-AJs to join highly speciafoeJ mat * 
marketing, negotiating and structuring swaps and Other capital 
maAcrs transactions- Candidates, aged 24-28, will have jWHW 
interpersonal skills and be highly seif-motivated. 

International Project Finance 

to £20^000 + benefits 

A prime U.K. merehanr bank seeks a recently qualified 
chartered ?« «ipraw for its International Division. The suc- 
cessful applicant will be involved in identifying, structuring and 
advising on methods of funding for major worldwide projects. 
Excellent opportunity for those with die cuuuiitinait ami 
ability to succeed. 

Interested applicant should contact Andrew 
Stewart on 01-404 5751 at Michael Page City, 
39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH- 

Intemational Recruitment Consultants -London Brussels Newark Sydney 
A memberof die Addison FbgePLC group Mmm 



Required by leading 
London private car slant- 
seeing company. 
Applicants should be well 
educated with own car I* 
door i and based In Central 
London Languages an ad- 
vantage. Age 26 -JS. Full 
and part ttrae vacancies. 
Full training given. Hours 
to be negotiated. Cash 
paid, excellent rates. 

Call Barbara Weston on 
01-350 2408 



If you have had jobs 
but waul a career op- 
portunity 1 have a 
vacancy - for a smart, 
enthusiastic 25-30 
year old to train as a 
Financial Broker. 

For a ooniidentiai interview 
call Peter Rose on 

01-400 MIX 

WE ARE A Progressive hrm of 
Cauir Agents in Central Lon- 
don tnecuUslng in residential 
nrooerty vales There are now 
three openings lor Junior Nego- 
tiators who win be aged 
between 18-20 yean, have a 
driving licence and a sound edu- 
cation up to A level standard 
This n an Meal apoon unity lor 
an asntmlous person to Mtn one 
of Londons most successful Es- 
tate Agents and be earning an 
exceptional stalary alter one K> 
l«o years mtanslve miUng. 

Call 01-221 3SS4 ftrl JMH 

r Tax Specialists 

Legal and Accountancy Professions 

The broad base of our recruitment operations enables us to offer. the 
widest possible range of opportunities to tax specialists. 

Our clients include firms of accountants and solititots, financial 
institutions and. public and private companies, both in London and in 
the provinces. 

We are experiencing an increase in demand at all levels for high calibre 
solicitors, ACAs, and Inland Revenue Inspectors wishing to optimise 
their career potential. Prospects exist to partnership level. 

If you would like to find out more about the positions we can offer 
please call Laurence Simons (Legal Profession) or Mark Brewer 
(Accountancy Profession) on 01-831 2000 (01-485 1345 evenings/ 
weekends) of write to them at Michael Page Partnership (UK), 
39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. Strictest confiden- 
tiality assured. 


Interna ti onal Recnaune^Gxisdtaras 

London Windsor Bristol Birmingham Manchester Leeds Glasgow Brussels NewYorik Sydney 





01-623 1266 

mm* lonadian^ 

^ 01-623 1266 . ■ JL, V W - - - 01-623 12 

Banking Appointments 


C.£1 2,000-El 5,000 

As market leaders in International Search and Selection, we have a require- 
ment for an experienced researcher with knowledge of the City and its 

We need a person capable of identifying and locating relevant target candi- 
dates, ensuring the successful completion of specific assignments, and 
developing our expanding data base. 

The successful candidate will have a minimum of one year's relevant research 
experience and ideally will be working in a similar environment at present 
If you are bright, dynamic and capable of working to tight deadlines as part of a 
professional team in a progressive company, then pick up the phone and call: 

Andrew Hills on 01-408 1670 

Lloyd Chapman Associates, 

160 New Bond Street, 

London W1Y OHR. 




Wt an a young CUv based company providing > rang* of 
conmunKatlans wnmi 10 financial Imniunom 
We an looking Iw gin executives to sell our MrrvKcs. The 
Ideal apptkanl win be over ». a veil scarier who can conttnu- 
lucwte m ail levels, and has sound vesting teenmauo. Tn* 
ability to analyse and react effectively lo the needs of our 
customers ts vital, a good working knowledge of use CUy is 
Esrerevjulslle for this lob 

ir you have relevant experience and reel uval you would enjoy 
working for a comoany with enormous potential, and can 
contribute and paruapai* in its gwm. please write lo us with 
row Cv 

we oner a very good basic salary and generous com m ission 

Please write lo Manaomg Director. Qros s p ok Bl Ltd- a 
Cracechurcti StreeL London ECSv OAT. 



For Gallery shop, selling Gallery Publications. 
Art Books. Colour Reproductions. Cards etc. 
Priority interviews given to those with some 
supervisory and cash handling experience in 
book or prim selling. Lively personality and 
smart appearance essential. Applications by post 
only with day telephone number to: 

The Manager, Publications Department (T), 
The Tate Gallery. Millbank, London SWl. 


Barbacco Ltd require a creative sales person 
with plenty of stamina to cover Central and 
Greater London retail outlets. 

Our collection of fresh and contemporary china, 
crystal and cookware is well known. 

The positive, active and initiated person that we 
shall employ for this position requires proof of a 
successful education and career track record. 

Age 23-32 
London based 
Interesting salary' package. 

Please write with full CV to:- 

Th* Sale* Director, 

Qarfieceo Ltd, 

GoidweU Home, 

Both Rood, 


Berkshire, RG13 1JH. 


£12,000 to £17,000 plus cur. 

We are a wholly owned subsidiary of Manuel 
Ca novas SLA.. France and import and distribute 
the fine quality furnishing fabric designed by 

You will be expected to develop business rela- 
tionships with existing clients as weD as identify 
market sectors and potential clients. 

Ideally you should have at least 4 yeaft experi- 
ence in the sales of soft furnishing fabrics or 
allied field and have established a proven record 
of success. 

Write, giving details of why you think you will 
be right for the position to: 

Jane BayUon, 

Manuel Canovaa Ltd., 

37-39 Choral Place, 

Loudon SW7 1EW. 

Executive Secretary 

The Royal StMfeUcal Society (founded ISMib ■ tearnM aod- 
My wUi a membership ot about 0.000 Iritowy The prate!* 
Eanrume Secretary win snonty rear* and a mtamneM H 
sought in ronatoutwa with eleclM Honorary Oman me 
Executive Secretary n mooralMe fw the day to day handling 
of the Society ■g attain at determined ny Its Council. He>«w 
win neatzRued by my permanent «afi mealed at me Soen«y*i 
London offices M mated near Baker Street RespomaMUtMs In- 
clude finance, arrangement far meetings, aimnaance at 
Council ana outer committee meet in gs, memoemup. puMC«- 
tnui and staff management. 

Appointrnem win be on the scale Cl 3 -SOB ga ■ £18363 u. 
Pius « London allowance at Cl .366 ss. a contributory pen 
van scheme n available Evidence M management expenonn 
And organisational unite to. expected Further details are avou- 
abte on request 

ApMieatfom. by 2 a mu. marked Executive Secretary and 
giving me names of (wo re f eree s , snould be senr to - 

The Senior Hon. Secretary 

Royal Statistical Society • 

25 Enford Sweet, 

London WlH 2BH. 

Telephone: 01-723 5882 

We are seeking ambitious, self motivated graduate ACA’s, aged 2582 years ter 
varantiesw^inmactmt and International city based banks tor the foflowigar^. . 

Senior Accounting / 

Financial Control £20-£37,000 

(Banking experience essential). 

UK & International 

Corporate Tax £3<ME35,000 

(Creative financial skills a pre-requisite). 

Audit v*neg£20*£35,000 

(Major bank experience essential). 

For the above 3 vacancies contact Bryan Sales or Brian Gooch. 

Operations Managers £20-£35,000 

Jonathan Wren is currently handling a number of senior operational positions on 
behalf of its major clients. We would like to hear from candidates with extensive 
relevant experience, preferably gamed with London based international banks, 
ideally covering foreign exchange, accounts, bans, etc. 

Contact David Williams or Anne Griggs. 

Senior Credit Analyst £18-£25,000 

Successful international bank requires a highly experienced banker with a 
comprehensive knowledge of credit appraisal. Age range 2835 years. The appointee 
wfli be required to reorganise an active department of six analysts. 

Junior Credit Analyst £10-£I 5,000 

A large european bank seeks an experienced Credit Analyst with experience gained 
within a banking environment Ideally aged between 21-25 years, the successful 
applicant wS assist marketing officers in business assessment 

For the above 2 vacancies contact Richard Meredith or Trevor WHGmns. 

AH applications will be treated in strict confidence. 


J Recruitment Consultants w ▼ 

170 Buhopggue, London EC2M 4 LX. Tefc 01-023 1266 

"The art of taxation is so to pluck the goose that the 
maximum number of feathers are obtained with Ihe 
minimum amounf of hissing” 

Jean Colbert 1665 

Help wanted to feather nests 

up to £30,000 Tax Specialists 

Gilbert s statement still rings Iran today, thus 1 her*- is a ereai demand for 
spvcia lists who ca n keep the pluL'king lo a minimum. 

If vnu luvegwd spet alter tax knowledge [persona! nr roiporefc-). vuursmiws 
mil be in high demand. Bui thispleasam situaiion presents problems. \uu 
need in ensure Inal a. move will enhaneexow experience, enable career 
development and hnng apprecialion for your personal si yip. 

Candidates vary in iheir skill*, objectives and personalities. Our philoscnhvas 
recruirmem special ists is lovleiv every candidate asan individual. We laL'time 
advice. 0111 aboU, - VDUr s P* lfi tn?quirementsand to give free and unbiased career 

Wevvill be pleased to lell reu about the spectrum ofappaimments ware 
handli ng and their suitability fory oil They range across both tbe profession and 
commerce and are mainly in the £BOGO-£30.O0O salary bracket. TJwv irifi betrf 
interest lo those who have recently made the decision to specialise or those 
whose tax careers are already developing well. 

An informal career discussion can be arranged bv simp I v 
phoning Panl Carvosso ACA or Carrie Andrews' ACAoa 
01-242 6633 or sen d us brief details of your career to date at .. 7 ■■■■■■ 

Macmillan Davies. Kinesfaonnie Honse. 229/231 Hl o fa HnJt w n " 

London WCSV7DA. - 


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post irivgft^ aagniiicart amount of 
SeneralainWdrafioa . 

to £T1 ,500 pAlncfusivH of London 
• weighting. 

Brasetstepboria Ot-634 5256 for more 
’ ntoninat ^^ 

The CEGB is an Equal 
Opportunities Employer. 

CBmwL aBnB cmr aaBw^ 




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to £14,000 : 

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We are looking Tor a peroon vrtm Initiative and 
responstblity to join this sraaUand nmUgtous design con* 
suhancy. You snouM have several yean experience or 
secretarial skills and be able to cany oul bookkeeping to 
trial balance standard- Salary £9-000 par annum, please 
write with C.V. to: 

Charles Taylor; 
Taylor GrunfiekL 
38 Charterhouse Street, 
l-ondon EClM 6JJ. 



Two Senior Partners in West End-Architectural 
Practice badly need a new Secretary. The lob is 
lively but complicated; friendly but demanding; 
hard work but fun. If you think you've got the 
experience and enthusiasm, phone Mary Daw- 
son on 01-466 6090. or write with C.V. tor- 


8/9 Botstrode Plan, MarteyboM Lana, 
London W1M SFW. 

n -* •» 
i K \ J v» . 


: :• - DESIGN management v ^ • 

.• -CONSULTANTS ‘ ; -?• 


PA to Chief Executive 

Very -jrffitfeni, nrpiaue^fc, 
strong, determined, setf-stsrter 
rnarkcdng/PR experience rwnri a l . 

Please contact Margarita 

? r; 

. - ,‘4 *-~ 

PA/SEC £10,000+ 

The two ygung otrecMn of xw» axModms mma raiww .x- 
aure » Ituou Franco fvMiang pa /S ecret* ry **m s peed * of 
tOO/dOwoni. You roust Or ontm. yereomUe and usm to taking 
resporMUHty a> directors are onwi attrrmu. Moo aMMy to work 
under prmaum and longer hours whan neccawy 


Smart KaeWtM office and travai hiuflh 
Write sriih fall C.V. US- 


Leodan W» 4EP 

i- -• 

• ’ *> 

CIRCA £9,000 

Do you have the nbntty to coo* in this dynamic Italian 
fashion co? You should have nsttaWe ttWHs. personality 
ptus ana the hbfUty to deal wim credit control. This la a 
detinue 60. 50 PA/adnln role with potential for you to grt 
really Involved. 


* \ ■» 

■ MB’s Secretary required 

far hnuiart Slavic* and Pub H a hfax .Coat poiiy 
who can woxk mO aader pemirejm d danxBaoate 
good organisational obuiiy. 

Soper Skill*. AdaptdnKty and psswaasfay Pta 
will enak-yoa. to develop the position a your own mpp- 
Salary ixt - Write far. an Qpp^ ca x ym *°®n to: 
Personnel Dept, Inveytow BoDetm LgU 
83 Gloucester Place, London, WIH SPG. . 


For Chairman. Mayfeir based property, cotopa- 
ny. Good basic skills. Telex. Immediate start 
Salary negotiable. 

Apply: I D Pritchard 01-408 0081 

... i.'-. 

cu ts administrator 


*rt*l work. J22nS Tooemoas. PHaae 

RKWT «• *a«ry an" 

aoefy m wTding waft t v - w- 

Tk. sr-- 


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Berts eerrettrv lor iwo or av wflhngnesa to 

— . .vm. iimni wuoeswng ■ _ ■ 

Berts serretary Mr two B OW 

learnl reuuirtd. — — 

ewamat am 2as» !>«««« ifteoama*** 

T««>lwnr pmoaix* OJ WO 

gm or write. - ostfiv aiX- 

10 St Sonar*- uw*» 



r 1; 




Basir + commission + cw expenses- 

.1 r,n 

of QXXO + per imA 







• ^Cfearethe most rapidVexpandirgReciijit^^ Consutencyinthe 
UlC^X^onlySinlstvvoyearsa^^ncwtiave 2D open arid moredueio 
open (tithe months. IXjeto thisdynBmiGgro^ 


West End) 
CRAWLEy .. .- 










Tteseaetofour success lies in offering both clients andoandiebtes 
a standard of service v\«yabc*e the normal aserxveR3roach.ThisSeiea 
soviet requi^ seteatsteff of good calibie. The rewaiefe are high vi 
financial terms as^ weH as career prognessionand thedevetopmentof 
50 utkI commeroal acumen. 

Previous experience of the recruitment irvdLi^rnaybeanadwaTtage, 
out wer90%of otr ajccessfirf Office Managers and ConsuflanB are fresh 
toWsworkfipm .a 1 variety of bad^rouncfc. 11^ er^ the opportunity to 
build and develop a career with dear cut rewards directly related® 

.personal achfeMernentAtall le^t^v^pn^yjesaccfS^challenge, 
great job satisfaction and a real chance to develop one’s own business 
expertise Easy ft's neat- satisfying it certainly is. 

Ifyou fed you.can contribute to the success of thisyoung and dynamic 
oaTpany then apply m writing enctasina an uf>t>d^ curium vitae 
Cmduding a contact telephone number). 

Robert Klapp, Managing Director 
Select Appointments Ltd. 

91 High Street Crawley Sussex RH 1 0 1 BA 

(0293) 51 5143 


Middle East state oB organisation requires for its 
London bfjke an Executive Secretary to woric 
for the visiting Charmum nnri other VIPs 
resident overseas. 

This is a new position and it will be the responsi- 
bility of the incumbent to develop and organise 
the post in accordance with the requirements of 
the Chairman. 

Candidates should be educated to W level stan- 
dard and possess first class communications, 
shorthand and keyboard skills. Experience of 
minute recording at senior level meetings is the 
oil industry would be an advantage. 

Salary negotiable, four weeks holiday, BUPA, 
pension scheme. Please send comprehensive 
CV. to BOX. D07. 


Aue 35 to' 45 years by the general secretary of a 
professional association. Appointment calls for 
flexible person, in current typing practice, who 
win not mind limited national travel, and the occa- 
sional extended hours. Knowledge of computers 

-Application with short C.V. to: 

The General Secretary. 

. The Incorporated Brewers GuUd. 

8 Ely Place. 

London EC1N 6SD 

01*405 2588 


We iwUd email uevdoiiincim of new houac* to London. We on 
■ young company operating trow wtnun a way firm or anM- 
fisets la Camden Town. and. OOUMtng tts omnut every year. 

As well asncreiwlBl work for me wrtner/MO me Job tndodes 
greHmuwry snwirMS oa pMnuai rites keeptng MBs en fae 
U, cowpettnoo: mM aMtK im.ind PR. A dnymg Mcence is 

F| l CMDML . - • TT> • •• ' ; 

wwi your otganMug sldDs H cm ge lard work, pal raferfytng. 
Salary negoUaMe. 

Please send your CV In confidence »r 

. 30 Oval Road 
London. KW1 7DE 

£8,500 n«g. 

Small, lively Mayfeir PR consultancy requires 
able. Directors Secretary (mid 20’s). Must have 
immaculate typing, be well organised and able to 
work under pressure. Audio and WP required, 
non-smoker preferred. Pis send'CV to: 

Mr. Richard Paten, % 
T A CutbfH & Partners, 
27 Albemarle St, 
London W1X 4QB. 


Amertcam City Bank re- 
indres a*p- senior sec wtlh 
fluent Trench + Kalian. 
Excellent English ft see. 
skills 190/55) nee. for mis 
responsible poet which In- 
cludes lots of admm. As 
well as extensive Ualson 
with cUents abroad. Age 
S5+. saiaxy £i 0.000. . 

(Emm «o) 
01-238 5501 


required (shorthand or 
audio). The post Is likely 
to attract an experi- 
enced applicant who b 
able to organise a varied 
and interesting work- 
load with some direct 
help and who is not 
daunted by a fair 
amount -of -unstretching 
routine , work calling for 
accuracy. Salary in the 
region err £8.700 pa on a 
prescribed University 
scale. Good h ' 
Please apply in 
ajaAp. to Mr F 
Keegan, Secretary, Insti- 
tute of Ophthalmology. 
Judd Street London, 


Private General Practi- 
tioner In Chelsea needs 
cheerful. ' efficient, 
charming assistant to 
run hb busy practice. 
Good secretarial skills 
essential. . Previous 
medical experience not 
as important as ability 
to deal with people 

£9,500 par amnia 
TefcO 1-589 9968 

nuttenemg opportunity of- 
fered w compand . . 


by gxcalift •aaxoaee lxt>- 
kro m 

Fancharcb Stmt 

Advanced edueadorol stan- 
dard ncetnq- and some 
previous -e*i*ria« prt- 
ferred. ContfaraMc offices 
and £cnctwu lenw of 
etnptovmeni. . 

* lat ri K 
Ml* Carter. 

Smart Sec rtih_ 
in*. SH and 


No SR Lively Co. req. oc. 

'typing and WP. ECl 

£8^00 + FKE LUNCH 

Friendly firm req. SH Sec 
WjU man on WP. 


Caff EffatoeCh at 

City Secs 

oh 01-623 4202. 


Bfllnguai execuBve pa,- 
domestic secretary rtfluired 
tor EngMan epewung family 
bawd in Cannes Smith of 
-Franca. Exnuem skllb re- 
q H ired. Showd lie eaneni - 
nnotae and offer a htgh fevel 
o C mtegrtty. Mud drive. Ex'- 
wllent salary offered. Far. 

further fafomutun wnt* m- 

citifflng CV. hwio and 
mmoces iobcxv CV7. The 

Times. Virginia Sb P O Box 

404. London EU 




A London branch of- 
fice of an Internationa] 
house is looking for a 
mature (age 3&+X 
dynamic highly 
organised and experi- 
enced person with all 
basic secretarial skins. 
Must possess 

organisational, admin- 
istrative talents 

required for trading 
company; filing sys- 
tem. documentation, 
and tr ading transac- 
tion follow-up. Strong 
communicatloiiM abili- 
ties with amicable, 
decisive personality 
that can Integrate to 
team work. Languages 
definite asset Attrac- 
tive compensation. 

MaO C.V. with photo 


8/13 Swiss Terrace, 
London iVW6 4RR 

£ 12,000 + 

A weU-known . French, bank 
require* a mature bilingual 
PA to work far the Vice- 
President in charge of their 
London Office. 

He travels regularly to Pari* 
and works in both languages, 
m you should be faUy 
bilingual with excdlem 
secretarial dulls, indodiii* 
French shontumL 
Equally important will be 
semor-ievd experience, your 
cahn and coHeCKd manner 
and the ability to work with a 
charming but lemur cu rental 
Gallic rauaciec 
SkiB* 9tyb0 Age 2&-3S 


726 8491 

£ 8,000 

The beautiful offices and 
friendly staff of this 
small. Wl company 
make this a very attrac- 
tive Job for a first class 
receptionist who can 
type accurately at 40 
worn, look after a simple 
switchboard and take 
care of other varied re- 

ception duties. 

of Bond St, 

Ik 55. hen On in T — dm 


9 to 8 mis exprnene*. letwl 

hMM. mwlnd in aarentf- 

mt ireNtrds otOrr. FlrM 

dnt typing. MondwthiM 
ano good wientwne nunoer 
mouut 1 as prt WH c e in 
arttiUKtural/RbiM nek) an 
Mtvant»g». 9-50 to 6 30 out 
some n w qtn nt y needed. Ex- 
eeirent salary and benefit*. 
PMBW fend CV. M. 

VMnk ft l 




to help run a small 
shop selling early 
Chinese ceramics. 

01*408 1252 


Fashion co. Wl. requires 
non-smoking PA in mid 20’s. 
5" «T. M* J- *rth mxUem 
ttc skills. Fashion back- 
ground ewemial 

Comact Michelle Strong 

439 6031 (24hfS) 

Holland Pork rcouirw 6Kre 
taiy (or two Mrtaer*. alary 
aorox Some WP expe- 
rience would be useful U wed 
aa pMtlty to Migaime peoete 
THnHtone ov«C2 7TOi . no 


We are a leading firm of Stock Brokers who need 
a young person to develop and maintain our 
distribution system for internally produced 
research material. 

You will be expected to establish and develop 
computer systems for keeping mailing lists up- 
to-date which will involve dealing with a wide 
variety of people in our organisation 

You will also be responsible for all courier ser- 
vices and the cash sales of research material 
Promotion prospects within the department are 
good once the systems are running smoothly. 

Applicants must be educated to at least 'A' level 
standard with some work experience preferably 
involving computerised systems. You must be 
well presented, hard working and have good 
communication skills. 

Excellent salary and benefits package offer. 

For an application form, please telephone 

JackM Lew on 01-404 0344. 

c £9,000 

An extremely well -organised Seer eta ry/PA is 
now required by the MD of CBS Songs, the 
music publishing subsidiary of CBS Records, 
to assist him in the day to day running of the 
UK Office. 

In addition to providing an efficient secretari- 
al and administrative back-up, you wifi be 
liaising with a very young and creative 
workforce together with European affiliates, 
artists and writers. 

The successful candidate will be aged 21 + 
with excellent s/h and typing speeds, good 
communication skills and experience of work- 
ing at a senior level. Interested applicants 
should write giving full details of experience to, 
Maureen Heneghan, CBS Records, 17/19 Soho 
Square, London Wl. 

Introducing the MacBlain 
Nash Privilege Club Card. 

An exclusive card offering temporaries a very special 
package of benefits. Join our temporary team and get — 

• An opportunity to earn Iwo weeks paid holiday. 

• Generous discounts on a wide range of products and services. 

• A discount on holidays or travel 

• A building society that can help with a mortgage. 

• A ta k that offers an advisory s en%e on 

financial Milters for temporaries, together ' ■ . 
u-ith free banking. v 

• A priittir health scheme for temporaries. ' [ 

If you would like a MacBlain Nash 
Privilege Card give us a ring today and 
loin our temporary team. 

Contact Victoria Martin 
on 01 439 0601. 




- CIRCA £12,000 PA 

Small friendly Wl property co are looking far a high-flying 

■ slulhlW/r 

secretary with good ski Us (90/501 You util assist in ibe day to 
day running of the office. 

BE THE BEE’S KNEES IN Wl - £10.000 PA 

Thriving otHntcd company is looking far a keen PA. previous 
ixavcf and personnel experience a help, good sec skills essential 
(luO/bO + WORDSTAR and puma irievi 



Wc nerd an immaculate senior rtrepthnitt who will he able lo 
run a bushy reception area in these smart ne» offices. The ability 
10 remain calm at all tunes is essential here! 

Please phone Sally Owens or Very an Clarke 
•n 01-235 8427 4 Pont Street London 
SW1X 9 EL 

£10,500 + M/G 

As Secretary to the Person- 
nel and Admmistratiofl 
Manager m inis small, 
fnand v bank in the Cny. you 
«rid have the opportunity to 
become fufly involved in alf 
aspects of Personnel work. 
From arranging interviews 
and keeping Personnel 
records lo handing the de- 
oils of employing expatiate 
staff, your day wffl certainly 
be busy and varied. 

Good skfls (90/60) and 
wort processing experience, 
combmed with a friendly 
and ongoing personality 
will equip you for this inter- 
esting position. Age: 25-35. 

726 8491 



The ireemfy appointed head 
of marketing of this 
iixLcpcndaiu TV Company 
needs a young and enUiusas- 
tic PA/Assiscuil to join him 
in the expansion plans. 
Besides providing secretarial 
support, a Marketing back- 
ground is essential as 4S% of 
I he job involves marketing, 
liaison with press and media, 
research, mail shots and di- 
em contact. 

Skills: liWbQ. Agr. 3J-M 


629 9686 



Are you looking for a job which is interesting and challenging? 
Lively ednonal department of leading national magazine needs 
secretarial assistants for senior editors - people who can show 
initiative as well as having common sense. Could sun uuelligeni 
college leavers wilh good speeds ( 1 00/60) and a sense oT humour 
who tike dealing with people and can take responwMiry. Please 
write with details or age. educatio n and any experience, to BOX 

£ 8,000 

Experienced. capable 
Btwtlund secretary re- 
oulrcd for Director based 
In company headquarters 
building near Si Jama' 
Park. SWi. Age 24-35. 

Atm S O 
2 Catherine Place 
Lortoo SMI 

known prooerty ccmoany re- 
qutra an Amman) lo work tn 
ine Horary providing ■ meal 
pouii so dial lie Partners and 
swung Surveyor, la* llv facul- 
ty roily. Amote *Wf to 
organise on one's own ana wun 
me potential to inluaie a coro- 
(Kitenaea nm*nt esaeoo 
pnonr 01 683 1034 Merrdllti 
Scnu RKnutmem 

PA UCHCTAKY i no ahorUMiKij 
£9-200 Coofidrnl PA for 
M O. wflh pood orgoniSMig suns 
to arrange meetings, twitt 
mm & travel m atoo lo liaise 
wun -re gi o n s' Uiraugni the UK 
A eleosani penonaliiy A nroien 
sKvciarul laudion npertence 
are essennal. Can Joe Thomp- 
son. ASB Recruitment eoa 

UOMS MwlWrt; Sued Wrill 
creauve ra urgently seek re 
soOnslMe *dmtn sec with fasl 
lywjBO. audio wtw emws 
onu»u>uon 01 730 5>ati 
Jaygar Careers iBtoane Sqi Ltd 

CtPCA ftjUM 

RECXPTIOMrr/|ypM re- 
quired (or prestigMius merchant 
bank m wi area wp mm- 
tnrr eaaemul Call aagr 
Cordon. 01-««e W61 Stan in- 
(rod unions rec cons. 

The dynamic enuweneuriai 
owner of some of London's 
man excite) v* rssuuranis 
Seeks an ewgant PA Secretary. 
He needs a wrti orgamsed per 
son who is awe to think on iMir 
feet and ensure Uwt ids day 
run* smoothly Yon'S erooj, a 
busy ana miduM 4W with 
ptenty of »anety. Skills 
too 60. Pteose comact Caro- 
line Kiss Appk on OI-4BO 

CSI.PQO - Fluem written aM 
spoken French nui dwinuw >« 
Cnonsn onu as >— .-ret-ry *o llw 
Head or l>>* one lie UWnl 0 » 

hjiiiim in a EBrow oank » 

V-1 Flesibults and II— awlllv 
x. rrmcaui m ine cnaUmur iand 
OCuorTuniSiel') ot O new open 
uon or- nreaeo CWI 3T7 aooo 
ifatvi or *30 7001 iWeB EMD 
Srereunet. PUB - Tne Sccreiart 

al consunanek 

PCttCH Co Excuiim OOOOrturury 

i nr young diorOMno see t «06 
MS A emp *W Ol 734 1002 
A UMQUl SALES HO Is ai hand - 
tsee General ARpouumenui 


me rXiOk i August reviewi 
we require a calibre PA lo 
work cKrsetv with Uie MO and 
ms account handling team Ex 
ceUem presemation. impmme 
lerephone manner and me con- 
fidence io Uatse at senior level 
are eomuai at. tne poejtion in 
lohh ngnlfuranl ctleni conucl 
In aodition lo sound, accurate 
secretarial skins iguue 90 60 
* WPi you win work pen wun 
in a prrreunaed environment 
where Ihe workload is heavy 
deadlines are pgm and we re- 
soowbiliUM ever increasmo- 
Numeracy good soeUing and an 
nptuuor mr wrinng concise cor- 
respondence is a necessuv Age 
26— Bused in period offices in 
t*'CI wc are recufrmem aaner 
nung specialists and the ngm 
individual will emoy a fnendbr 
working abimretiere Please 
freephone Srurley Bartlen on 
Ol Ml 0631 inn aoenciesi 
Bar lei l AdvrelJsing. 13 jonn 
Street. London WC1N 3ES 

TOR £7.200. This 

imemauonaOy renowned trout. 
mg organisation are looking for 
a college leaver or young «r 
ond wooer io become nan of 
Hirer nretie feam Van hotels io 
arrange menus and 
accomodation attend confer 
ences to meet MtfMn and 
speakers as wen as prpt-fding 

leer era rial oau lio H you nave 
a friendly, nubbly personality 
ana good teerreanai skills 
nMv conaci Coroune ham 
Appts on 01-499 6070. 

wwig vsm lur to develop a rs 
reer in PBS The sues direcior ai 
this well KUBianM PR- mema 
company requires * secretary 
Who wants nnl mail tn addition 
lo prosunng nun with vecremn 
*1 support you win re-orgonne 
Ihe sales department, handle cli- 
ent briefs annul weekly sales 
meetings and be encouraged lo 
prepare auouoom. Age 25* 
BO. 60 Ski ik plus WP wen 
core Pleas# ronton Caroline 
King Apply cm 01*99 6070 

LEGAL c£10,000 Large EC* 
globe trolling souniors seek 4 
goanrad Oonseibncfug 

secretaries lor Involved and 
ricriupg pmHiok All al partner 
level Perks include BUPA. life 
assurance, penswr. lunch al- 
lowance and snapping dttcmmi 
Can in confidence Mr Tnomp 
son on B26 5792. Kings) and 



We are a firm of International Surveyors and are 
seeking an experienced shorthand secretary to work 
for a senior partner 

You will be required to carry out aff secretarial 
duties including client liaison, organising meetings, 
co-ordinating travel arrangements, etc. Shorthand 
will be used most of the time but there will be an 
occasional requirement for audio typing. 

You should have worked in a secretarial capacity at 
a senior level and have excellent skills (120/60). You 
should also be able to work on your own initiative 
and be able to liaise and communicate with people 
at all levels. 

An excellent salary is offered plus discretionary 
bonus, LVs, STL, 4 weeks’ holiday and non- 
contributory personal insurances. 

Please apply in writing with full career details to: 

Pat Donnelly Personnel Officer, Healey & Bakei; 

29 St George St, Hanover Square, London W1A3BG. 



UMfe CMm i 

Attnctfre OfflcM 

Previous mpnimn 
■mmo n uuy wmtui 
Write wtih CV to. 


IOO Oxford Street. 
London WIN 9TB 



Top PA io run small 
prestigious City of- 
fice of American 

Admin, own corre- 
spondence. simple 
organising lunches - 
shorthand skills and 
ideally American 
siockbroking experi- 
ence wanted. Age 

Gty 377 8600 
Uba End *39 7001 { 



24-27 ft* group m Travri/ Publishing titW| 



23-30 far Industnal Relations Manager of Communications 
group. EC4. 



24-30 good organiser far busy professional office in SWI. 
Far further details please telephone Linda or Sue 

01 726 4431 (6 lines) 



Secretaries Plus 



A successful, expanding French company needs an alert and 
confident person 10 support their Senior Director (and assist 2 
others}, in a pnmanly organisational rote. You must t» bi- 
lingual in French, have good Italian, at least GO worn typing and 
be able lo cope m a volatile, last moving environment Smart 
offices. Age 28-40. Satary £10.000+. Please call:- 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Reerutinwnt Consultants 
99 Regent Street Wl 

SMJ9 00 *♦ ATM Exrotnwty sue 
crefiful vice Chairman of 
prestigious. tnUmanonal In- 
vrstmenf company imhK a 
confident, attrsctlvr and social- 
ly Dobed rtghl land to organ He 

tits busy diary, greet dknu. 
makr extensive travel arrange- 
ments ana nou me lorl in his 
freaueni absence. 80 b&. irlev 
and 2 yrs exp. Small fnenoiy 
company wtUi roperO offices in 
Berkely Square Age 21-if 
Please nn* *37 4107 80 

HobMonrs Rec. Cans 

cmoimcl omunvNRYi 

Sian M PA lo the Finance Di- 
rector of an expanding 
computer company in HiPerti 
nverude tocattoti at vaincnait. 
and lake on IV full recruitment 
and a personnel function You 
have stow shorthand /typing 
sfdffe and are prepared fo study 
lor the IPM. H not already doing 
so Age - to 33. £10.000* CaU 
377 B60O lOtyl or *39 7001 
■ ivmi Cnd I Secretaries Plus ■ 
The Secretarial Consultants. 

bv ronsultanl oaematnetan to 
run Hartey areei practice 
Pleauni personality and aUUiy 
io handle worried root tiers and 
parduunclara rnmiui Salary Dr m F neoman tat 
Haney Strrei. London Win 
1 AH 

HOLLAND PARK ■ Personnel in 
\ol\emenl * imb of admin as 
senior PA lo the young MW go 
Ing Director ot a mlor hanking 
operation. Snormano * WP 
SMIIH £9000 CaU 459 7001. 
SecTrtarir* Phi* ■ The Secrrlarl 
al Consultants 

tARKrnxa-cosMETics co. 
Busy Mb and non stop lete- 
WHMt as short term secretary 

Agr 224 
• city) or *39 7001 iWnl End) 
Secreiarles Plus. The Secretari- 
al COItttUQIllS. 

TCLCinUON, WI • Demanding, 
busy Mb mm laid back and 
glamorous) av secretary 

*fl-lypul fo the press muter 
Age 22-28 £8000* Call 377 
8600 i CUV ) or *37 7001 HUM 
End i Secretaries Plus. The Sec 
retanai ronuuunU 

Wt AD AOEffCT-wruzTy rnliesr 
leas er with good shorthand typ- 
ing ana endvre miiiaUvc to help 
buss MD lm media) e start Sal c 
£6.500 Wig Salij Owens. 
KnignisbridOf Secrtiartes. 01 
235 8427. * Tom Street 

London wt 

HAMMM /KCKVA ■ Sun and safa- 
ris ill youi lenjire tun*, as PA 10 
the rnirl executive io * mawr 
mimwilonal Company Veu 
are oo*. speak fluem French 
and has* WP skills * good 
shorthand typing. Acnxnmoda- 
IKui. car. IligMs and E 10 . 0 CD* 
salary Call 01-377 8600 -Cllyi 
or 01-439 7001 i West Emu Sec- 
retaries Plus ■ The Secrrtarui 
Consul UnB. 

filO,OOD*4 - Jddt tne 'Big Bang' 
as cerretarv lo a panm-e young 
American with a IN expanding 
banking set up. You are 20's 
and nave bun shonnand and 
wp skills < ideally crcmawi 
Lsuu exrrihw Banking bene- 
nis Call 377 6*00 1 a ty i or a M 
7001 (Wnt End) Secretaries 
PIUS The Secretarial 


ML 60 - »'s and rtembie enough 
tor a small hard worung b” 1 
pieasaniiv informal Weu End 
pm ironmenn You will worn 
primaruv im UeOMmunihi 
uii ine your vhvrthand - WP 
skills aim ie>uo onone maimer 
£9000* Can *39 T0C1 Smcre 
lam Pt<r rhe SerrerarMi 

AJJMO StfC C8.S00 * superb 

0*ThS UP lharvei highly -ay ■ 
u-vxlul W 1 cu Sp»k young vet 
tre now nnsmop m laovdou*. « 
ftrrt. M Ouoo 

front h uu4ua as you will hru. 
with oitNgi co’y Own pros- 
pects Contact burky on 8» 
a792. Kutgwand Pen Con* 

RtCtynONKT reguired fqr Ar- 
miircts pruciicr In fhenmond. 
Hours 9 to 5 30 previous e<M- 
rn-nre required . tome lining 
Would suite brsgni capable per- 
son TerrBhgne 6uc Ne>i||e Ol- 
040 0125 

HfHUN SktfIvi Pa wim ev 

■ Mini ciipittn ulus good audio 
xk'iis to won. lor * ieo*t Hr'*’ 
Legal m® necmsari *■»■ Jb 

Ji>. r .V.-VI.OOO tkhie tulingua' 

23* *501 emp Any 

CL£*r*<TYPt»T AT.SOOs. 40 
-o* wping .will i-a'ii un WP, ta- humeraip Top 
ui<*.n«iauon E»ira kK4s. flexi 
huum Tel 839 6003 iAgy i 

L«ML MC HOOCC r- bonus 
-ruoiinti lor a super guy in nw 
3C- s E»r conas * 2 salary re 
views i year* legal exp Ml 
*W London Lepu Bureau 




Our Group Legal Department is involved in 
corporate records and fiJm/TV activities 
within our International HO. They need a 
mature, cheerful audio/WP secretary with 
fast accurate typing to work within this 
small friendly team. 

fdeal candidates wifi be aged 30 +, should 
be used to working in an international envi- 
ronment, able to organise a busy office, 
and should enjoy typing. Previews legal ex- 
perience is not essential although 
knowledge of the Philips 5020 word pro- 
cessor (Cross-training can be arranged) 
would be advantageous. 

In addition to a competitive salary, we offer 
annual bonus, LVs, monthly free product 
and 25 days annual holiday. 

Write enclosing CV and daytime telephone 
number to: Joy Hamlyn, Personnel Officer. 
Polygram International Lid, 45 Berkeley 
Square, London W1X 5DB. 

wiin »n» iv Diha reawrrd lor 
m*sik>>ou* Conference 

Ownuen W«M in E£4 lm«t 
Ming and varied duiirv Lovny 
otnee* to.OOO neg. Pleaw 
phone Tin* Cfgk« an 930 
£733, CenloCOffl Sian Agency 

GRADUATE wun good typing lo 
tram In Maeuuwc Production 
Plrnli 9< iniolvemeni earning 
C7O0D+ Onffit Garden Bu 
reau. HO Fire) Si EC* 363 


(or fnmoiy nWi Jkjenu. inFul 
ham varied miereMing dunes 
Salary negoiiaote Call Jonn 
Kouinvsworut 736 o*06 
The Dtrortor al Puobc Adairs 
Of inr> nujre rfurliv tauvhmg a 
PA In vranr un on po in* V4i. 
ird PR lunrtion Awrting in tne 
pinmotion of Hits fiwlty'v *c- 
li vines, you will be carrying oul 
* satisfying and wdrtltwmle 
f unci ion Skills 100 60 wem 
Svnergy. the recruument con 
vullanry. 01 637 9S33. O 
PA KtSETW reguired for 
small bwy arttiltetlurtf Brae 
uee moving to west End Cana 
secrHarul and aonnnmrauvc 
akifb nacnUal glue abelily lo 
work oa m»n Initiative Starting 
votary £B.*CO 01 Cfl 3342. 


’ ™ bnirfite. The, cvcilmg po 
viimd ourrs me can to wrum* 
inLOti **a m arqanasing New 
rv mis. Vou will liiir^ w,|h .hr 
nusika and carr> n,n a varied 
piumMKHiaJ iuwixhi. ^viiis 

80 SO wiiii* bvnrra,. Ihv re 
nuui.iria iiiosjIWhv Ol fcj? 
06.33 O 

AUDIO SEC LhSfO * superti 

»"M IP nunm nighlv <u 
"W«l Wl cu svrk >nung I4f 
ior new position m laoulcu' m 
fire* kncalccmr of tries. Cvod 
Firuch useful as mu will naw 
with nmrn co c Good piw- 
PWTi ConLul twciiv on 846 
379? KinndlKl Art- Ol"* 
TRAVEL FREE when you wore 
for inn MD LH.OOCre SWt Ol 
377 b*33 VVOC It Aaoorialm 


i nr in bitwi, in Ooov worm. 
Drip arrange deals, with lorngn 
publi&nrrs & Dr truly involved 
s h typing cajco ot 7 So 
614R Jaygar Cwrm iStoanr 
Sqi Lid 


AES TEMP lo perm Immrd II 
Cuv. vnuill co. informal pi 
sphere LS^OO. Free c 
training Ol 377 6433 w 

Avfociaies iAgyi 


vrruirmpvt lot b Rum. Long 
hrv Age 27*0 £7 OO p n Tel 
012*8 044S 


specialising in fine tBtn *nd 
earn igtnCentun EnglrMi fur- 
mtuie regimes asscsiant on 
rrMiiagrr w run snob Age 25 * 
Ping 362-11309 

PERSONNEL OO PO 11 units ■ See 
^uper arO SecreLiriei Ptub 


Can. FRtbAY recufrivi fnr 
tin 1 i-ttici t» asswi jnjii 
■iiiiii. tot*>'p4 Oimv 
eiff 4SIII, C l RcDII IO 


part time vacancies 

PART TIME experience 
u*es reiiuued S r 
-eevis D) reured Caw 
I on Wt* Tel Ol bOS 


:a in- 
i to 
■d a 
s in 

o be 

it as 
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100 . 






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:!■**■*_ „ — .-?■ 

UK l IIIS and IN \1F\10- 
KI \M £J a line *■ 15** V M. 

(mieimum A lincsi 
Anr*.m[KL'mona. juiIkhii- 
nhil h> ihi- name and 
romancm jcidmii of i he 
wiifcr. nui he srnr to 
?0 BOV 4JU 
Viriiiiua MU 
Iwdan El 

or ictcfibnnvil (hi telephone 
Mihvnhcri onlM 10 : BI-tHI 

Aaniiunecrnenii can tv ir- 
cvi*ai tK K-kThone hciuren 
■<. flam ami Morula > 

In on Naturdjj hr. 
l— evil "l ik’tjm anil I -noon. 
(481 40110 Unlit. For puhli- 
I'jiinn the lidining day 
phnne hi l.'ulpm. 
on ( 'iMirl and Social Page. U> 
a I me + 15 s ® \ AT. 

Cnuri and SikuI Pap: an- 
nouncement can nui lx- 
accepted hv irlcphcinc. En- 
quincv lit OI-JSS 4100. 
Most other ilauilled aihcr- 
livemrnli can he accepted hy 
iclrphnnc. The deadline n 
.Soitpm 2 days pnnr to puhli- 
canon u e. A Mpm Monday 
tor Wcdmbi) Should you 
msh m said an advertne- 
mem in wnlinp please 
include 1 yooi daytime phone 

DEPA RTVf ENT. If you 
have any queries or prutikms 
frilling 10 jour advert ice- 
men l once it has appeared 
please tuniact our Customer 
Services Department hv wfc- 
pbrme on 01-481 3000. 

MCSLS said-' I am the Rood 

cfiTihrid the good sneptwrd 

glirlh tin IMP for Itie •%Deep. 

Si .ion ii to it 


BOULT On 2nd March to Kauc 
t nee Goddard! and Geoffrey 
a daughter. Alice Elizabeth. 
BULLOCK On 25Ut February, 
at Queen Mary's. 
Roehampion. to Gabrielia 
tnee Moss' and Hugh, a 
daughter Helena. 

CRESS WELL. On Starch 4th. 
ai S> John's Hospital. 
Chelmsford, to Elaine mee 
Barberi and V-arlln. a daugh- 
ter Llano. 

EVANS Op February 27th 
1986. to Jane -nee Owen 
and Frauds. a son. MaBhe'v 
Francis Michael, a brother 
for Louise. 

FOSTER On 4th March Id 
S arah inee da Cunha) and 
Jonathan, a son Jonathan 

PARKZS On March 3rd nt 
Winchester. :o Jenny tnee 
Macteodi and Roger, a 
daughter Mary, a sister for 

SEUGEKAN On Sod March to 
Yeronlque mee Platt and 
George, a son Paul Edward 

SMILEY On Monday March 
3rd 1936. to Caroline and 
Andrew a daughter. 

SPENCER On 3rd March to 
Vicky mee Tain and Alasiair. 
a daughter Emily Charlotte, 
a sister for Sam. 

STINSON on Feb 20rh. Id 
J ennie and Giles a daughter. 
Zoe Louise, a stster for Kale 
and Andrew. 

STOLL On March 3rd to Sara 
(nee PringJei and Jonny a 
daughter. Laura Kate. 

TUJTTOW On February 21st to 
Fiona tnee Perry' and 
Charles William, a sen 
Edward George a brother for 

VANDEXBURG On 1st March 
1986 at the Portland Hospi- 
tal. to Lorna mee Green.' and 
Malcolm, a baby daughter 
K'lnty Eliyned. 

WATSON On 28Ui February In 
Cape Town. South Africa, to 
Susie tnee Bactu and Charles 
a daughter. Georgina Rose, a 
sister for Edward. 

Sih March ai Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital to 
Philippa iNee Bret!) and 
Nigel a daughter 


THE MARRIAGE took place on 
27th February, in SEY- 


BU. On March 3rd 1986. 
peacefully after a short ill- 
ness. Coral tNereUei Bill, 
beloved wife of Major John 
G BUI. Service at North! each 
Church. Saturday. 8th 
March at 10.30am. Flowers 
to Norman Tropman and 
Hughes. North! each. 

BURNETT - Margaret Duty 
G raham, of EdgeMU Farm. 
Byworth: peacefully at St. 
Richard's Hospital. Chiches- 
ter. on 3rd March. Funeral at 
Si. Bartholomews. Egdean. 
near Petwonh. at 2.30 pm. 
on Wednesday 12th March. 

CMMIIMM On 3rd March 
1986 lain, very much loved 
husband of All and adored 
daddy of Catherine. Jessica 
and Angus. Service at 
MortonhaD Crematorium 
main Oiapei. Edinburgh on 
Friday. 7th March at 2.50 
pm to which an friends are 

FARNCOMBE - on March 1st 
peacefully at home, the Rev- 
erend Basil Famcombe aged 
84 years. Hearty loved hus- 
band of Jennie and loving 
father of Jane. Susan and 
Richard. Cremation private. 
Thanksglvng service at St 
James' Church. Col wall on 
Thursday March 13th at 2 

FLETCHER John Douglas 
Frederick peacefully at Uni- 
versity College Hospital on 
February 28in. after a brave 
two year struggle against 
Cancer. Memorial Service lo 
be arranged later. 

FRASER - Dora Lindsay, aged 
80 . peacefully at SL 
Christopher's Hospice, on 
3rd March. Daughter of the 
late James and Margaret Fra- 
ser of Birkenhead, dear aunt 
of Jean. Mary and Peter, and 
greatly loved greal-aunL For- 
merly Deputy Headmistress 
of Mary Datchetor asd Head- 
mistress of King's Warren. 
Plumslead. Thanksgiving 
service 2.30 on Friday 7ih 
Marrn after cremation has 
taken place at All Saints 
Church. Blackheath. follow- 
ing a private cremation. 
Donations lo St Christopher's 
Hospice. St Lawrie Park 
Road $£26. Any enquiries lo 
Rowland Brothers. 01-684 

GIBBS Peacefully at 
TtuniesfteJd. Henley, on 
March 1st 1986. Hilda 
Florence tnee Trefiarne). 
Funeral Service at Reading 
Crematorium on Friday 
March 7th. immediate Fam- 
ily only. No flowers please. 
Donations If desired lo Brit- 
ish Heart Foundation. 102 
Gloucester Place. Landau 

Ct A7EBHOOK On March 2nd 
1986. suddenly at home 
Reginald Field, dearly loved 
husband of Daisy, also great- 
ly loved father and 
grandfather. Cremation at 
Penirvfcychan. Wrexham. 
Cfwyd. Friday March 7th at 
2.30pm. Family only. Enqui- 
ries. Ivor Howalson. Ruthin 
Road. Denbigh. Cfwyd. 

HALL Sybil Francesca Hall ! 

widow of the laic 
Robert Hail and dearly loved 
sister, a uni and great aunt. 
On March 3rd at St 
Christopher's Hospice. 

Sydenham after a protracted 
Illness. Funeral at SI Nicho- 
las Church. Chisleltunt. on 
Wednesday. I2lh March ai 2 
pm followed by cremation at 
Beckenham Crematorium. 
Family Rowers only please, 
lied bunches to home by 
12 30pm or donations In 
memory to The National 
Tried. Orpington ec ChisJc- 
hurst Oenlrc or St 
Christopher's Hospice. 

HEAD - Ruth Mary nee QUot. 
on March 3rd at NeUtercdge 
Hospital. Sheffield, after a 
short Illness. Beloved wife of 
the late Tony and darting 
aunt of Doreen. John. Steph- 
anie and Anne. RIP. 

H63CAM 3rd March 1986 at 
Rosewood Nursing Home. 
Mahon. N. Yorkshire. Mary 
Hy Ida Elizabeth, aged 92 
years, beloved sister of 
Cicely. Romanes, and eldest 
daughter of the late Canon 
W. Ingham R-O- and Mrs 
Ingham. Funeral Se rvice 
2.30pm Monday ICUi March 
at Otd Malton Cnurch. fol- 
lowed by interment 

JERBOSSE All ecu Margaret, 
on am Marcn 1986. widow 
ot F.H.T. JCTtwtse of 
HerrtanL Aged S2. Much 
loved sister. Aunt and Great 
Aunt. Funeral Hertard 
Church 3.15pm Monday 
10m March Family flowers 
only, but donations If wished 
to Hemard Church (Treasur- 
er Peter Bedford. Eiderfteld 
House. Hemard t. 

JOLLY Hugh, at home. In the 
house and garden he loved, 
on March 4th Dearly loved 
husband of Geraldine and fa- 
ther of Christopher. Caryl 
and Paul. Funeral arrange- 
ments to be announced later. 

LE GROS CLARK On Saturday 
March tfl peacefully at Sta- 
ple Hall. Witney. Violet Le 
Gras Clark (formerly 
Browne, born Both. Funeral 
service at St Matthew's 
Church. Marlborough Road, 
off Abbingdon Road. Oxford 
2 coum Thursday March 

Margery aged 94. wife of the 
late Rev . Dr. Norman Living- 
stone RJ*.. beloved mother 
of Margaret and Valerie and 
grandmother of Sarah and 
□idl Cremation Bourne- 
mouth Wednesday 1 2th 
Marcn ll.46am. Family 
flowers to F. W. House. 33 St 
Thomas St. Lymlngton. Do- 
nations to RMD. IQS Gower 
St. WC1. 

MARTIN Minosa. Much loved 
wife of Peter Martin and 
mother of David and Jamie. 
peaceluCv on 4th March. 
The Funeral Service win be 
held at Feisled Parish 
Church on 10th March, at 
noon. Enquiries & flowers to 
G. C. Emery & Son. TeL 
Stebbing 4At. 

PHIPPS - on March 19 19S6. 
peacefully at Slbberiofl Man- 
or Nursing Home. Mary 
Cwenyth. widow of John 
Phipps, of Boswells House. 
Crick. Northamptonshire. 

ROBERTSON On March dlh In 
hospital. Margaret Yvonne 
inee de Pury* wife of Michael 
Robertson of the Old M1U. 
Oakley. Dtss Norfolk. Funer- 
al Service ar St Nicholas 
Church Oakley, on Saturday 
March 8th at 11 .roam. 
Rowers lo Ruckhams Funer- 
al Services. Stanley Road. 

Margaret i Peggy), much 
loved by her family and all 
who knew her. peacefully af- 
ter a long illness ai her home 
on 4th March 1986 Funeral 
service at Putney Vale Cre- 
matorium on Monday 10th 
March al 2.30 pm. 

STARLING On 40) March 
1986. In Jersey. John 
Sleveking. husband of Anne. 

STERLING Ernest. On Tues- 
day 4in Marrh. beloved and 
devoted husband of Fay. 
dearly loved father or Ruth 
and John and son-in-law to 
Leonard toolfson. a loving 
grandfather and great-grand- 
fathtr. May He Rest In 

TYLER on March 3rd sudden- 
ly Victor William Tyler 
F I.A. aged 98 years, much 
loved by his late wife Elsie 
and by their sons Kenneth. 
Basil. Nigel. Uietr daughter*- 
In-Iaw. grandchildren, great- 
grand children and Johanna. 
Funeral Service al St Mary's 
Church. Pul borough, an 
Wednesday March 12th at 
2.50pm. followed by private 
Cremation. Family flewen 
only. Donations If desired lo 
RL'KBA. 6 Avon more Road. 
London W14 BR!_ 

VETCH - on 3rd March Philippa 
Marion inte Curran) EMM 
Plow led us very oeacetulbr 
early on Monday oflUm after 
a snort illness Donations m lieu 
of nowen to The Cancer Unit. 
General HoscllaL Cheltenham 
would be appreciated. Service 
al Pud lesion Church I IB pm 
Monday IOOi March followed 
by cremation at Hereford. 

VETCH - on 3rd March. 
Philippa Marion mee Curran l 
peacefully after a short Ill- 
ness. Donations in Ueu of 
flowers to Cancer Unit Gen- 
eral Hospital. Cheltenham 
would be appreciated. Ser- 
vice at Pud lesion Church. 
1.15 pm on Monday 10th 
March followed by crema- 
tion al Hereford. 

WATSON Margaret Fraser, 
youngest daughter of the late 
Mr & Mrs George Watson, of 
Newton Stewart, in her 
104th year, peacefully at 
Brook House. Modbury. 
South Devon. Lovingly re- 
membered as Aunt Peggy by 
so many. Private cremation. 
Thanksgiving Service on Sat- 
urday 1 5th March at 2.30pm 
at Rlngmare Church, nr 
Kingsoridge. South Devon. 
Family flowers only- Dona- 
tions. if wished, to The GUI 
Guides, c.o Lloyds Bank. 

unH3R - On February 28th 
1986. suddenly after a se- 
vere stroke. Thomas Peter, 
dearly loved husband of 
NoeL father of Nlchlas. Mat- 
ihew and Penny and 
Grandfather of Sophie. Fu- 
neral service aL HoBy 
Trinity Church. 

Rtckmansworth Hd, 

Northwood. at 1 1.30 am. on 
Monday. March 10th. Flow- 
ers and enquiries to T A 
EUemenl and Son Ltd. Tel 
01-866 0324. 


CLWYD In view of Lord 
Qwyd*s stale of health the 
proposed Memorial Service 
for Lady Clwyd win not now 
lake place. 


MLLYAftD On her Birthday. 
Wickham), much loved wife, 
mothor. gr a nd m other and 

MASON On her Birthday. 
Rewbury). loved by her 
-Children-, friend of four 
generatlons of the Watt 


DI5A8I in. Mr B. a writer row- 
wd la earn ha uvmo and 
support a family. With okl aw 
come incrrawd disability and 
he now needs toe continuing 
nppon PCACon pvc hsn To 
help Mr S and others like him. 
please send donations to Proto 
atonal Classes AM Council if. 
id Si. OimiMiMrt Place. Lon- 
don W1M 6HY. 

THANK YOU Mr Anthony 
SUverslone. asd an the staff 
on tne 3rd floor of the Port- 
land Hospital. 'Thank you 
for a safe and gentle 
journey'. Klrsty Eliyned. 

our world, its great to have a 
baby sister. Love Jody and 

T Hh JLiMbS iilUKMJAY MARCH 6 19*6 

V Y ^- 1 1 ’ 


I wgiMH dat pah cram, a 

balloon In ■ box who Thornton 
Chocolate*. By P*t or bend 
denered m Central London. 

Tcfcpbone Tina 01-022 7066. 
Boltoons Over London Ltd 
Credit card hoofct n os wel co m e. 
CALIBRE CV» p rofr iMt on afly 
written ana pro dut. r u 

IdriO. Prof M. o-r. £120 pan 
e*tL Tel: ot W9 2823 
«MU Ho wnm ia. o. r. gen. 
nr s mn n ltn s. 4100 p m. nine 
after Spju. 01-223 2811. 
■Wll Prof F. 27*. O-R. rfiarr 
lux Of hse/odn. nr shops. £200 
pem liter Tot 01-622 6870. 
*W 1 Space. II0U and piidnr. 
£96 per week. An buis and 

cleaner included. 589 0910 
SW1B smart flat. O-R C/H. 
can. Shore i amer. CISC pem 
nd Tel: 1394021 EH. 73. 



Desks. Bookcase etc A Pm 1040 
furniture. Tel: 01-465 0148 or 
01-228 2716. 


Rental Accent PuhUahem. 

SW7 Large ? bed Hal In autet ctd- 
de-sac. diroct Ml a cowg. mu 
for 3 monOts. £200 me. Tefc Oi- 
937 968 i. 

tWl. Sumy 1st nr Oat. S beds. 2 
baths, r ec * chw Co M 6 
mnilte. £250 pw.WUta 
W1IMI 730 3436. 

MM omoiB pork. Super luxu- 
ry detached house. 4 beds. 3 
Hits. 2 r seeps. CH. DMs BBC. 
£300 pw Iteg- 474 6298. 
mH I COTTARH. HW3 New lux 
Urge 1 bed flat- rerep. w«h bal- 
cony. £150 pw lo me. Ol. Tot: 
01-794 4827 . 487 S548- 
•37 MUU The number lo remem- 
ber when s eeki n g bed rental 
properties m central an d Prim e 
London areas £160/ C£OOOpw. 


■KLORAVM. Off Eaten T e rrace. 
DrileMftji smal Use Of Charac- 
ter bt exciusve private mows. 2 
recs. 2 able beds, k & b. pati o 
Gas civ £200 pw. 6 moths Co 
ML Regency Horae Progs Ltd. 
Ol 937 5710. 


Massive stocks of wool 
hlpnited Berbers from 
£335 + VAT. Plus many 
bargains in room sizes. In 
aO qualities. 

206 New Kings Rood 

Expert Swing. 

maicnnp diamond and ring set. 

FuU tmnlMRV Prof rid on .v 
ecnUemon urgently needs «U». 
posaL £20.000 cno. Rina 01- 
734 0725 iApm-6 p.raj. 

CLAPKAUf COWMOH ntmtse vne- 
STOCKTAIUMQ AAH fl A IHf at tortan 2 Barm OM overtooktag 

TOPS. End of ranges at Common for Co let min 1 year, 

clearance price*. Videos. T.V\ Fully fined test. Ige rscep. CCH. 

Tcte Phones. Comouiers etc 91 dbte glaz'd. 5 mins amenities. 

Lower Sloane Street. SWl. £140 pw TW: 01-67S 1144 



Save with Swissairt 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London to Basle 
(except Sundays). 

Boob and pay W days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrivaL 
Sim ilar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Bookings and TuIT con- 
ditions from travel 
agenisor 01-4394144. 

late wrtttoawl oairarte 


litcbea and bathrowtL 


Inanarour . 

riicr v«e*- lw!»» y' 
lareerevtiitk*". kttjh rc. 

TivrtarvOB.ivk^rT cw»«- 



Anractivc 2nd Boor Pai w ttfa 
Zbcdnxxns. icception. Idtchcn. 
bathtoomawl rimer moo. 




avail now 


Richmond Trod. I Duke St 
RJctUTXjnd AST A 01-9404079. 

TB1BMA For mat pofra hostey 
wttn sunny days A cxrrirt f 
nipius. Ideal nr Meren/AsriL 
Tt uumu Travel 014573 4411. 

USA. N. York £169 MM £198 
LA £299 rhr Ateo Chraoat 
echedute m on inalor US carri- 
ers 01-664 7371 ABTA. 

« U M3. NZ. SB) Africa. U&A. 
Hoag King Bad Fane 01-493 
7776 ABTA. 

STB ABEL £618 tterttl £846 All 
mnor enrners to AUS/NZ. Ol- 
664 7T71 ABTA . 

We have tickets for these and aD 
the a tre and spans. Tel: 631 
3719. 657 1715. All uKUor 
credit arc* 

DAVID namra signed pnm. 
No 608 of sea 'Khudu'. 2ft x 
3h framed Beat otter over 
£500 Tel: 01 6800690 x 2781 

DZ5KNZH — D - Chiller 
Campbeti uphotetcrcd Victortun 
3 Piece lime and armchairs. 3 
piece from £990. Private Me. 
Cab Tel: Ol 674 1447. 

TICKETS for any event, Cats. 
6tantgtu Exp. Omo. Les Mix 
All theatre and roora. sat 
6616/828 0496 

A Ex ' Visa /Dtnen 

Ttcxm FOR ANY CVEMT. Cats. 
SUritghl Exp. Chess. Les Mis. 
An theatre and worts. 

TeL 821-6616 8SSD495- 
a Ex - Visa , Diners. 

bie sens etc Nationwide 
dettvenes. Tel: <0360) 880099 

SUTmOB Any event Inc 
Cats. CovrtuCdn. SQrtlpil Exp 
Ot 828 1678. Mator credit 


IF YOU WOULD Hke the ulttmet* 
In an anturue ltd seed MHiard 
table, teiepnone 02 806 665. 

OLD TOM paving as delivered lo 
castles and otd country homes. 
0246 366211. 

PIANO. Small walnut Upright. 
Id class enstd. £388. Csn ar. 
range delivery. 01-463 0148. • 


poster beds and Georgian style 
bedroom fonuture In Yew and 
Mahogany veneers. Large 
showroom now opov The Butts 
Centre. Reading. Tel: 10734) 



SiockweU Conservation area. 6 
mins tube. 4 beds. 2 Keeps, fit 
luL balh. cloaks, gdn. oas ch. 
£250 pw Inc cteonbig. Morgan 
GUIIe: 720 7481 

F.MLAAPP iManagmestf Services) 
Lid require properties hi central 
south ami wed London areas 
for waning appUcants.Oi- 221 - 

QUCEMSWAY srif contained stu- 
dio rial garden level, 
comfort sale, spodora. autet. 
Company M. £1 lOpw. Tel 01- 
229 6860. 


avail. A rood for diplomats, 
executives. Long A short lets In 
all areas. Lipfrtend A Co. 48. 
AtbemarieSI Wl. 01-499 8394. 

KEMSMOTON WE. Cosy 1 bed 
Hat with spiral staircase and 
roof terrace £ 160 pw Ind 
CH'CHW. COOWS 828 8281. 

FUmUSHED QUAUry Oats and 
houses in aU areas. 

Hunter & Co 837 7366. 

QUALITY nHMHn Flats and 
homes to rent m si areas. 
Hunters 01-837-7366. 

bed. 3 bath mews house lo 
prime location. Roof terrace, 
sauna * oarage Avdl now un- 
furnished. but with carpets, 
curtains, and an machines. 
Long Co let taoOwr. 
Buchanans 361 7767. 

lux flats, houses up to £600 
pw. Usual fees req. PtdMps 
Kay A Lewis. South cf the Perk. 
Chetseo office. 01-362 Bill or 
North of the Park. Regent's 
Pant office. 01-722 6136. 

RE D PITS PARK. Haney House, 
unfion mansion flat. 4 beds- 2 
bath, clkym. Ige kit 3 Wa w e w a e 
rec. £9.100 P A- Capooi Price. 

St Johns wood ana Regents 
Park. Can Bargees 724 3160. 

FULHAM Luxury s/c garden flat. 
2 bedrooms.. nr tube, £136 
pw .940-0750 (U. 

OADDEM FLAT) me bed wash- 
er. Tv , £80 pw. Others 627- 
2610 Hornetocators. 

MUNDTON krvriy dM tetetn po- 
tto flat CH. nr lube. £100 p.w. 
01-369 6973 evenings. 

HLL O HDOMI s.c suxuo nr rube 
£50 pw. others 627-2610 . 7 
days Homefocaign. 

mr 2 bemoaned . KCCPt. CMM 
oh. phene. £86 pw. Others too. 
627-2610 Wor m locators 

PETS OKI 2 recept-2 bedroomed 
flat, parking. £116 pw..otn ero 
627-2610 HomeMCMoes. 

nMliri) SWl attractive gdn flaL 
2 bed. CCH. Avail 16 Mar. Co 
let £170 pw. Tel Ol 870 0214. 

T»rw DATE Oritghtr u t 2 bed 
flat. £275. pw. IM CH OfW. 
Andre Lanauvro 225 0562. 

EJWDiaTOMI Double studio 
TV. .shone . £60 pw. Others 
too. 627-2610 Hot u eiocators. 

SOUTH MOL Lux. mod. s.c (UL 
Sun couple/ single. Go. let only. 
Tel: 684-3373. 

SWS Off King* RraL Charming 
one bed Hal. lift A porter £160 
pw Inc. CCH-HW. 957 9681. 

SWl ARrgcnv-r Id and 2nd Door 
flat. 3 beds. I recew Jt A b. co 
let 01186 pw. JCH 828 0040. 

SW Double bedroom Oat. 
recepf-phone. £60 pw. others 
too. 627-2610 Uo awocatnrs 

W2. Luxury 2 bedroom. 2 Beth- 
room Oat Nr lube. Co Let pref. 
£180 p.w. 01-370 0230. 

814 Sxrons CL Untaue. xiteib. 
new mod 1 dbte bed apL £180 
pw Inc. 01-675 1896. 

Wl. Cosy 1 bed fUL Oas Oh. col 
tv. gd value al £120 pw. W T P 
936 9612. 

W. KEHMMSTON 2 bed. 1st IL 
furn fiaL bale., c/h. 3 udra 
time. £150 pw 386 8469. 

W2. HYDE PARK SO. 2 bed rutty 
furn flat in lux block, ch. ehw 
Inc £I9SpW. TPM. 4462085. 

WS short lets 1 bed pted-a-ferre 
Lux block near BBC/ Repents 
Pk. £118pw 01-794 1623 

Wll. Stylish mews me. 3 beds, 
gee. bong Co leL CSOOpw. 436 
9884 m. 

W14. Luxury l bed flat. 1 nevp. 
flat, all tnod cons. CCH. Co let 
£130 PW. 01-603 0464 CVCS 

Wll. Lux 3/4 bed flat In good 
Mention. Avon now CSOOpw. 
Bucfianras 361 7767. 

WJW CH 3 bedroomed IML 
TV- washer. £124 pw-Othar 
too 627-2610 H o mmecgsor m. 

WEST HER nr mod. 4 bed 
cownhouse GdL Gge. £32S pw 
IOC. <09. 1*0 01-676 1896. 


■UUUM - Short ten Deflghtfid 
and spacsous 3 bed house. F uUy 
lorn, dose to tube. Salt 3/4 
young people. 4 months. Go. let 
£200 pw toCL Tel: 386 4071 . 


NS. nr time: fronds e/r. Ch. 
£148 ecu. at -889 7613. 

FULHAM Prof M to share me DM ( 
XifmaDve im for 1 mth fr lb 

Marrh. i 10 mins tube. £38 nw 
ex Cl. 01-486 9841 B8. 381 
3440 oner 7 ora Home. 
TURKU. Bedsit to comfortable 
CJi. Oat nr. time. Mon-Frl only. 
Sum businessman- £140 PCta. 
436-3686 lEvesL 
EBProf. M/F. N.-S. lo share com- 

fortabte rial close to city. O. R. 
Ail amenities. £40 pw tod. TeL- 
01-986 4608. 

FULHAM Prof Female. N/& 
O-R. £138 pem. fteeteraoiy a 
Mon -Frl parson. Phone btiToia 
Sum. 01-731 1664. 

N Prof. M/F. Pleasant room 
available now. £40 toe- 01-876 
7987 I work). 885 9008. 
famlfy bouse. H WOTP Ei 
£60 pw tod trcaMM. Free 
Mftung. TeL Ol 302 4312. 


■ig i4,K-i— SU tl JI V 

luxury noL Ceo par week 
talk and cteaner. 01-930 2399 
x 2470. Evas: 886 5170. 
■Wll. Prof 29+ to mare c/m 

Use Wttn 1.-2 others. Of R. AD 
mod com. £80 pw. Tefc 223 
2924 falter 6 JO pm). 

W HAMPSTEAD prof t 38+ to 
sham Kiev flat. N.-S pref. AvaU 
1 Apr. fffi pw bid + tdume. 
Tel: 01-482 8746 lafl 6 pmL 
W HEMS DW O -R gulel mod mate 
or tube. 20+30* N/S pref. No 
stirs £290 pem tocL wutaden 
493 32 22 iWL 741 2788 (HI 
BATCEHSEA own bed Hath, to 
family Me. use of Idl. £250oem 
Inc AR 400pm. Ot-223 7661. 
CHIIHL F In shore studio tlaL 
N. S. £160 pm. Tet 7206000 
Idavl or 684-7248 lemi. 
CLAFHAM Prof F. 22+ . O'R 
isitiail'slureCH fun. £i46pcm 

IM. Tel: 01-622 6870. 
KEHM9WTDN. Girl 24 + N/S. lo 
snare Mews (ho. O'R. £38 PW. 

Tel: 01 370 5604. 

KBW nr tube. Penan to dun 
large not. O'R. £210 pm too. 
Tel: 874 6074 ar 948 8816 . 
PROF M/F to snare large flat. 
Hampstead image. £160 pa. 

Tel: 01-436 3966. 

RtCHMOHD. Fern snare large 
house. O. r 4 mins stn. £180 
pm inc. 01-948 1846. 

Hampstead W 2 baths£20O 
POP exd. 986-2732. 

5727- Lgr rm sum 2 giria or cou- 
ple £27 p» pw stare HUi. Call 
Richard 388-1382 (work). 

pwroomcfl nuraMn iul 1090 
reception, dtotog hall, modern 
bathroom a kitchen- £226 n w. 
Co Let. Tel 01-748 9722 alter 8 

SW11 Lovely 1st floor Oat aver- 
tooktoa BanersN Park. 3 
beds.^ baths, .double recep. 
Hon., kitchen. aUmacMnos..CM 
CHW. co ML £260 pw. jch 


currently seeking good anaBty 

reoial accommodation in 

central London tor waiting 
company tenants 01-937 9681. 

BELOHAVU Short ML Rcgracy 
terraced house tram from 
Soane So. 3 beds. 2 recess. 2 
boon, attractive gdn. FuU CH. 
£320 pw. Tefc 01-236 6364. 

decorated Oat Recep. doable 

bedroom. Idlchen, diner, bath- 
room. £110 pw. Tel: 01 221 

CONTACT US K you want the 
very best s election of superior 
flats and houses to London. 
Quratshl Consunuae. Tefc Ol- 
244 7363. Tries 918984. 

FULHAM. Large studio Oat newly 
mo d ernised, geroao ana park- 
ing Close HurHngti ara Oub and 
tube. £XOO p.w. Co LeL 01-731 

MNDE HOUSE, Wl. Bright g» 
ctotn 2 bedim flat doss to 
Hartey si Large recep. It. kn. 
both. Oil. entry phone Co 1st 
only. SITS pw. 2*4 7383. 

HOLLAND PARK H uge gdn m . 2 
recep*. 2 bedrms. kit 'taKifii. all 
machines. CH CHW. Co let 6 
mths rata. £220 pw. 01-381 
8187 lOffKel. 

tSLMCTOM HI. Suaaoua family 
hse with odn. 4 bedrms. 2 
balhrms. dbte ist rin. H ML 
Avail now Long Co lev. £280 
pw. Samuel A Co. 736 8000. 

KENMNOTOSL Meal for the City. 
I bed mews type bouse to 
sought alter new aevrioptnenL 
Avail now long CD tet. EiaOpw. 
Buchanans 361 7767. 

SHEEN SW14. Soarions 4 bed 
furn use with 2 reck Nl/brkfsi 
rm A 2 bams Gas eh. Ige sunny 
gdn. Avail 1 yr +. Taylor Dixon 
Porter 876 0118 

SWF. 2 bed tarn Dad Soar flat. 
Co private tel. £198 pw. 
Immed- avail No agents. Tel: 
230 0201 (day) 373 7486 
mes6 - 9-501 

AM ER ICAN sank urgently re- 
outres luxury flats and homes 
From £200 £1.000 pw. Ring 

Burges* Estate Agents 681 6136 

At Hn— lacotai ■ Rental Ac cra nm 

PubIMlwrs we hove 8 offices 
and Zfi SUIT to help you. 627 
2610. 7 days. 

mum * BUTHCHOF for luxury 
properties in S Johns wood. Re 
gems Para. Molda vale. Sum 
Can A Hampstead 01-686 7661 

FBL 2 beds. OL Fully eqnd kit 
Cdns. porter Linen provd. 
£160 pw 6hl M lets. 789 5932 

REDCUFFE RD EW10 . 2 dbte 
bedim, fully finusned. Park- 
ins. Co lei £276 PW. JSC 
Services 0344-882746. 

Your Harbour... 


Luxury apartments by Yacht Marine, 
prime position, 25 minutes from Gib. 

1,2, & 3 bedrooms (between 100 and 289 
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the sea. 

- Parking places. 

- Swimming pool & beautiful gardens. 

- Very interesting prices. 

- Payments over 10 years. 

- Already built. 


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1 - ? re * . 

—- a L'.’^’i 

6.00 Ceetax AM. 

6S0 Breakfast Hn* wrlfi Frank 

. Bough and Debbie 

Greenwood. Weather at 
. fiLSSi 7^5,755,825 and 

855; regional news, 

• weather and traffic at 657, 

727, 757 and 827; ’ 

national and mtecnationai 
news at 7.00, 750, 8.00, 

•■-v S^a^f^sportat 

"V review of the morning 

S' newspapers at 857. Plus, 

\ Zoe Brown’s teenage 

> report and Richard 

X Smith’s "phone-in medical 

Ti advice. 

~%.i 950 Ceefax 1050 Play SchooL 

X 1050Ceetax. 

V 1250 News After Noon with 
. Richard Whitmore and 
+. Moira Stuart, includes 

news headlines with 

-* ■ subfittes 1255 Regional - 

news.The weather details 

’V* - come from Michael Fish. 

. X, 150 Pebble MtU at One. Peter 
SeabrooK returns to the 

■ «, ' Stoke Garden Festival to 

v >> see how work is 

< 0 . progressing for the 

opening in spring; and 
-w. JiH Crawshaw, continuing 

X her series on holidays in 

Britain, samples the 
delights of the Scottish 
* Border country. 1.45 

Hofcey Cokey, (r) 250 
Ceefax 352 Regional 

.■.f- 355 T.T.V. Tea-time television 

for the young 4.10 
, H SuperTed does battle 

once again with the evy 
Texas Pete (r) 4.15 

*X Jackanory. Joanna Monro 

with part four of Enid 
Blyton’s The Circus of 
^ Adventure 450 Ulysses 

31. Cartoon space 

455 Newsround with Roger 
Finn 5 OS Sue Peter. 

■ '*- Simon Groom reports on 

the progress of Goldie’s 
1K ■ four ana a half weeks old 

puppies and asks viewers 
if they can suggest names 
for the eight-strong litter. 

555 Celebrity First Class. 

Three Grange Hin pupils, 
Zammo, Fay and Gonch, 
challenge the winners of 
' *• ’ the First Class inter-school 

video quiz. Paisley 

650 News with Sue Lawlav and 
•’ **'*. Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

655 London Phis. 

7.00 Top of the Poos, 
presented by Gary Davies 

* and Dixie Peach. 

750 EastEnders. Dot receives 
a surprise visitor and also 
experiences a 
Meanwhile, detective 
Sergeant Quick makes an 
unexpected discovery. 
r (Ceefax) 

8.00 Tomorrow's World. The 
spotlight faHs on the five 
winners of the Pollution 

.. .’X Abatement Technology ■ 

Award; and on the Giotto • 
Probe to Halley's Comet 
due to rendezvous in a 
week's time- 

850 A Question of Sport This • 
week the team captains, -i 
BiH Beaumont and Em^n 
Hughes, are iofnecj by . .. 
celebrities wnb are 
' . appearing by popular 

request -George Best 
Steve Smith, Lynn Dawes, 
and Barry Sheene ■ 

850 News with Jufta Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 

? ... Weather, 

i _ 950 I Woke Up One Morning. 

- The first of a new senes of 

the comedy drama about 
- - four heavy drinkers who 

are dying to kick the habit 
Starring Michael Angebs, 
Peter daffay, Robert 
Gillespie and Frederick 
", Jaeger. _ _ , 

1050 Qtiestio#i Time. Sfr RotWi 

— Day s panel consists ot Sir 

John Harvey-Jones. 

_ Brenda Dean, John 

Cunningham, and Sir 
Geoffrey Howe. 

11.00 Can You Avoid Cancer? 

.. The second of five 

programmes on how to 

* " reduce the risks of 

suffering from the killer 
disease. Presented fay Dr 
Michael O'Donnell, (rj 
11.25 Late Night in Concert 
Tom Petty recorded at the 
Wiltem Theatre, Los 

. 1155 Weather. 


s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

-TV- AM 

0-15 Good 

Diamond and Nick Owen. 
Ex erases at 620 ; news 

SffiS.'SK 1 ' 8 

850 and 950; sport at 
655 and 754; regional 
report at 7.15; Popeya 
at 72J pop video 
at 755; Jent Barnett S 

at &4S; Michael JopDng on 
the Government's 

response to the public’s / 

825 Thames news hearffines. 

850 For Schools: the nature 
and qualities of leather 
.642 Learning to read with 
• flffl Qdcfie 954-How we 
move and how we move 
objects 10.11 The story of 
Claudius, a boy in ancient 
Rome 1028 The power of 
authority and the media 
1153 The rate of 

Cars Whisker. 

1250 The Cad dy Game Show. 
Gus, Gorilla and Giddy 
have a musical day. 12.10 
Puddle Lane. 1250 The 
■ - Suflrvans. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames new*. 
150 Falcon Cvest Jane 
Wyman stars in Uns drama 
. serial sat among the 
Caiifomian winyard-owrunq 
folk 225 Home Cookery 

CMx The recipe for 

- Cheshire Soup. 

250 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on a matter of topical 
importance 350 Gems. 
325 Thames news 
headlines 350 Sons and 

450 The Giddy Game Show. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon 4.10 Bffl . 
the Minder. Cartoon 
series '4.15 RagdoKy 
Amo. Adventures of a 
walking, taflcing doll. With 
Pat Coombs 450 
Betouny's Bogie. David ■ 
Bellamy presents another 
ft his nature conservation 
series, 445 Dodger, Bortzo 
and the Rest Drama 
serial set in a children’s 

5.15 Thames Sport includes a 
profile of sprinter Linford 

545 News with Michael 
Nicholson 650 Thames 

625 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with- 
news of the Strathcona 
Theatre Company of 

655 C ross ro ads . Paul throws 
his farewefi do and Valerie 
Poltard drops a hint to 

"• 750 Emraerdale Farm. Why Is 
Anns so keen to ply Seth 

- - Armstrongrwrth free drink? 

7-30 KnfgM Rioer. Michael is 

threatened by Marco Berio 
because he thinks that' 
Michael has had more 
recognition forthe original i 
devaJofanentof KiTTman 
he deserves. 

&30 FvringtQnofthaFOi - 
• .'Comedyseries starring 
Angela Thome as the 
Unfed Kingdom’s 
representative in a banana 

950 fh Levina Memory. 
FlicJangmrough anokf 
family photographic 
album, newly-wed Mary 
discovers a picture of her 
husband as a happy- ' 
looking bridegroom. 

950 TV Eye: Where’s the 09 
Money Gone? North Sea 
od pumps £20 bfllton into 
the economy. What 
happens to It? . 

10,00 News at Ten with Aiastair • 
Burnet and Pamela 
Armstrong. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1050 Kojak. The New York 
pofceman has to cope 
with the discovery oia 
dead body in the boot of a 
Rolls Royce; and a wife 
who ItiBs her husband and 
abandons her children. 

1220 Night Thoughts from 
Jenny Carpenter 

Sally Burton: 40 Minutes, « 
BBC 2, 950pm 

655 Open University: Social 
Sciences -Shiils and 
Coal. Ends at 720. 

950 Ceefax. 

956 Daytime on Two: 
investigations - getting the 
- . facts £58 A kite becomes 
stuck in a-tree 10.15 ’ 
Science; cleaning (b) 1058 
Creatures that Bve 
underwater 11 50 History: 
the beginning of the 
Industrial Revolution 1122 
Course options for the 
• over-1 3s 11.45 Is the rote 
of the state to ensure a 
fairer distribution of 

. wealth? 1255 Italian 
conversation course for 
beginners 1250 Basic 
German for tourists 1245 
David Bellamy investigates 
harvests and nay days 
(Ceefax) 120 Italian 
conversation course 158 
The first of two 
programmes about visual 
awareness 250 For four- 
and five-year olds 2.15 
Music Tchaikovsky's The 
Sleeping Beauty 240 
History: Arkwright and the 
first factories. 

3.00 Ceefax. 

525 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

550 Red Herrings. Dawn King 
and Debbton Currie 
investigate how accurately 
young people are 
portrayed by the media. 

650 Star Trek. Dr Spock, 
uncharacteristically, is 
smitten by a beautiful 
woman who transplants 
his brain with one 
programmed to run a 
computerized avtiteation 

645 Discovering Birds. Part 
one of a series extoHing 
the delights of 
birdwatching. Presented 

This first of a new series 
features the Dastard 
Colliery Dowty Band, 
conducted by Howard 
Snefi- The guest soloists 
are Don Lusher 

- (trombone)and Wendy 
Picton (euphonium). 

755 WBd Flower. Michael 
■ Jordan in praise of the 
orchid (Ceefax) 

.655 Time w a tch. Peter France, 
introduces three films 
revealing how visionaries 
and others deatt with the 
'outsider;' as they tried to 
perfect a society, a state 
and a national image, at 
the turn of the 19th 

y.Anew series 
the comedy 
mist and 

950 Karen 

950 40 wniitas: The Real Life 
ofa Hollywood Wife. Sally 
Burton, actor Richard's 
widow, meets four of 
Hollywood's leading non- 
• acting laxfies. - Angela 
Rich, Wendy Goldberg, 
Marianne Rogers, and LM 
Flni Zanuck. (see Choice) 

- (Ceefax) 

10.10 Pot Black 86. The last first 
round match features the 
current world champion, 
Dennis Taylor, and the 
young LjverpucBian. John 
Parrott Presented by 
David Icke 

1055 Newsnfgftl 1120 

1125 Open Univeratty: 

Weekend Outlook 1150 
Special Education - A 
dependent Future. Ends'# 

950pm)is a useful corrective 
to Jackie CoNns's account of 
sexual countings In the movie 
cotony.So nighty moral is it that it 
does not even mention those 
Hollywood spouses who go from 
bed to bed.ln fact the onw 

mention of bed in this 40 Minutes 
documentary is made by 
Jerry Lewis’s ex-wife wno was 
so devoted to him that atWs 
behest she would stide out of 
the sheets in the wee small 
hours to make him one of his 
favourite cheese and tomato 
sandwtahes-Givensuch a lunatic 
degree of matrimonial loyalty, 
it is scarcely surprising that the 
former Hollywood wives who 
have formed themselves into a 
group should have elected to 
raU themselves LADIES (Life 
after Divorce Is Eventually 

255 Ftem The Magic Bow* 

Gra^er^^gan Ini , in a 
fictionalised biography of 
the celebrated Itafian 
violinist, with Yehudi 
Menuhin playing the violin 


Calvert, Jean Kent and 
Dennis Price oo star. 
Directed by Barnard 

450 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
gane is chaBenged by 
Debbie Kmashott of 
Worthing. Richard 
Whiteley is the 
questtomiiaster, assisted 
ft the adjudicator's chair 
by Gyles Brand reth. 

550 Ftbn: Dance HaB“ (1950) 

jSw^ytton. Diana Dora 
and Petula Clark as four 
factory girls whose 
tvghfight of the week is a 
visit to the local palais de 
dance. Their hopes of 
romance have mixed 
results. With Donald 
Houston. Bonar Cotleano, 
Douglas Ban- and Fred 
Johnson. Directed by 
Charles Crichton. 

650 Union World examines the 
new moves by the 
National Coal Board to 
heal the breach between 
man and management 

750 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Aiastair 

750 Comment With her views 
on a topical subject is 
shop assistant Beryl 
Baker. Weather. 

850 The Art of Persuasion. 
Part three of the series on 
advertisingfeatures David 
OgKvy the Briton who was 
a baffliw light on Madison 
Avenue for two decades; 
advice on photographing a 
beautiful woman; and why 
moving a straw bean one 
tturw-secondtnof an Inch 

therfifferenceXOrade) (r) 

850 Treasure feint Richard 
Weds and Peter Kelly from 
High Wycombe send 
Anneka Rice hurtling 
round the Nottinghamshire 
countryside in search of 
clues to hidden treasure. 
Introduced by Kenneth 
KendaR (Oracle) 

950 A Life. A play by the Irish 
playwright Hugh Leonard 
about Desmond Drumm, a 
minor Irish dvfl servant 
with three months to go 
before retirement, who 
decides it is high time to 
take an audit of his own 
life before it is too late. 

The play blends past with 

the bandstand in Dalkey 
and ends in the same 

Daphne Carroll, Aidan 
O’Kelly and Godfrey 
Quigley. Directed by Louis 

1146 4 What It's Worth. A 

repeat of the programme 
about the Daikon Shield 
contraceptive which has 
been associated with 
damage to thousands of 
women. All claims for 
damages must be lodged 
with the courts by the end 
of April. Joan Shemon 
talks to victims and 



Sane) .The emphasis is on the 
“eventuafly' 1 .In spite of 
everything, some Hollywood 
marnages between high- 
powered mowe bosses and 
women glamorous enough to 
qualify for acting roles in glossy, 
flaffips-type soap operas 
should toe need ever anse, do 
manage to survive. Safly 
Burton, widow of Richard .does 
the round of such apparently 
stable alliances in tonight's film. 

8.05pm)remlnds those of us who 
might have for gotten. that the 
British Museum began humbly 
with gifts of a dried thumb 
and a starved cat and pig. We are 
also reminded that our early 
prisons were built like cathedrals 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. For Radio 4 
programmes on 17 IF, see end 
of Radio 4 listings. 

555 Shipping GJfl News 6.10 
Farming 625 Prayer. 

650 Today, tncl 650, 750, 

850 News 645 Business 
News 655, 755 Weather 
7.00, 850 News 72S, 

855 Sport 745 Thought for 
the Day 855 Yesterday 
in Parfament 857 Weather: 

950 News 

945 The Natural History 
’ Programme. With Fergus 

Keeling and Lionel Keueway. 

955 Women; Equal Sex? Bet 
Mooney discusses 
women s attitudes towards 
equality (4) A Woman at 
the Top (n. 

10100 News; Medicine now. 

(Geoff Watts). 

1050 Morning Story: La Mort 
du Cygna by Paul Kenny. 
Reader Bnqid Erin Bates 

1045 An Act of Worship (5) i 

1150 News: Travel: Ana/ysfe: 1 

Running out of our Ears. 

Adrian Hamilton examines 
the effect of tumbling oil 
prices. Do they offer Britain . 

the possibility of a boost ] 

to economic growth ?(r) 1 

1148 Thought tor Food. Bob 1 

Symes on spaghetti ' 

botognesa. 1 

12.00 News: You and Yours. , 

With John Howard. ’ 

1227 Fflm Star. Alexander 
Walker on the career of 
Woody Allen (r). 1255 

150 The World at One: news 
140 Tfe Archers. 155 

240 Newsf^oman's Hour. 1 
Includes a feature on 
obscene phone caBs. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Gifts by Buric 
Powefl. With John McAndrew 
as the music student (s). 

4.00 News 

445 Bookshelf with Hunter 

455 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition which 
includes comment on the 
new production of When 
we Are Married at toe re- 
opened Whitehall 
Theatre, and the new / 

Kurosawa film V 

Ran -Comment too, on the , 

book Cuckoo, by Linda 
Anderson (r) 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:i053kH^ 
92.5; Radio 4; 200kHz 1500m: VHF 
1.458k Hz/206m: VHF 94.9; World £ 

Dppt WALES 555-t00pm 
R PVI Wales Today G5S-74B Boats 
114S-115S Rim B6 1<SS-12JJ0 

to mstii totty thoughts in the 
inrnates.toaj toe Irish have 
always been portrayed as 
fools by our cartoonists, and that 
toe Brothers Gnmm probably 
perpetrated a literary fraud in the 
name cf German 
nationalism. Definitely a Believe It 
or Not edition cf Time watch. 

• Karen kay (BBC 2. 

9.00pm) is a singer who also 
does impersonations ot 
entertainers like Cilia Black, 
Jhnmv Cricket. Shirley 
Maclaine and Barbra 

Streisand. No doubt about it: 

Miss Kay captures toe essence 
of her victims' talent (or lack 
of it) in a most remarkable way, 
and I thought the comedy 
sketches were sharper man we 
normally get in this kind of 

Peter Davalle 

540 PM News magazine. 550 
Shipping. 555 weather. 

640 News: Financial Report. 

650 My Word! Witn Dilys 
Powell and Frank Mur 
challenging Antonia Fraser 
and Denis Norden (r). 

740 News 

745 The Archers 

740 Any Answers? Air your 
views about some of the 
subjects raised in last 
week’s Any Questions? 

7,40 Hijack. Tom MangoUon 
the consequences of a 
h§ack and how those 
involved are affected by 

9.00 Does He Take Sugar? 
Magazine for disabled 

950 Glyn Worship. 

945 Kaleidoscope. With 

Bigsby. Includes items on toe 
film Detective, toe 
Scottish Opera production of 
Mahagonny. and toe 
book The women's 
Decameron. Also, 

European "soaps" 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: 

Bengal Lancer. The 
autobiography of Frands 
Yeats Brown (4). Reader. 
Tim Piggott-Smith. 

1050 The world Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Today in Parliament. 

1240 News: Weather 1253 
Shippinc Forecast 
VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 555-640 am 
Weather; Travel 9.05- 

10.45 For Schools: 945 
Noticeboard (s) 9.10 A 
Service tor Schools 950 
Secondary English 11-14 
950 First Steps in Drama (s) 
10.10 Playtime 1025 
Country Dancing Staqe I. 
1140-1240 For Schools: 

11.00 Noticeboard (s) 1145 In 
toe News 1150 
Wavelength (s) 155-340 pm 
For Schools: 1.55 

550-555 PM (continued) 
1150-12.10 am Open 
University: 1250-1.10 
Schools Night-Time 

( Radio! 

655 weather. 740 News 
745 Morning Concert 

Telemann (Concerto m 3 
fist tor Huies.oboes.$iringsf. 
Lak) (Cello Concerto m D 
minor Yo Yo]oist).84Q News 

3.05 Concert (ccnid)-BaJawrev 
[Oriental lantasy islamey. 
with B 2 rere,piano);Berg 
Mozart (Recitative and ana: 
Misers. O sogno ..Aura, 
che mtorno spiro: 

Rubbra (Symphony No 10). 
940 News 

945 This Week s 

Chamber cantata- Un son de 
neige: Caiirgrammes; 
Francaides pour rire: 

Amefing. soprano). Pr>ez 
pour paix (Souzay .baritone), 
canuta Figure numame 

1040 Dvorak: Lausanne CO 
gay the Czech Suite, Op 

1025 Russian Cello Music: 

Melissa Phetps.wim 
John York [piano). 
Shostakovich (Sonata. 

Op 40|. Gtwre (Baliatse in B 
flat Op 4), Rachmaninov 
(Two pieces. Op 2) 

1145 Bernard hatimk and BBC 

SO, with Pauk (moiinjarid 
Crossley(piano).P 2 ri 1. Berg 
(Chamber Concerto for 
violin. piano and 1 3 wind 

11.45 Six Continents: Foreign 

broadcasts, monitored by the 

1245 Haitinkrpart 2. Schubert 
^Symphony No 9). 1.09 

145 Lunchtime Concert Paul 
tenoriJohn Constable 
(harpsichord), Jennifer 
Ward Clarke (baroque 
cello). Works by Dowl&nd, 
Marcello. Hooper, John Bull, 
Purcell and Ame (Jenny) 

2.00 Piano duets ana duos: 
Christopher Kite and 
Robert Ferguson. Grainger 
(Country Gardens), 

Debussy (Undareja), Ravel 
(Sites A ur>c claires). 

Debussy (Marche 
Ecossaisefend Grainger 
(Handel in S/rand) 

250 Francesca da Riminr four- 
act opera by 
Zandonai.Sung in haben. 
Milan Chorus and 
Orchestra of Italian 
Radio.Cast includes 
Marcella Poboe m the title 
role, interval reading ai 
350. 455 News 

5.00 Mainly tor Pleasure: 

Michael Berkeley with 
recorded music 

650 Bandstand: Parc and 
Dare Sand. HenshaH 
(Variations and Fugue), 
Gordon Langford 
(Rhapsody lor cornet and 
brass band) 

7.00 Ian Parrott BBC Singers 
with solo instrumentalists 
and singers. The works 
indude^urely toe Lord is 
in this place: and. Song of 
the Stones of David 

750 BBC Welsh SO.wrth John 
UtHpiano).Pam. Mozart 
(Magic Flute overture). 
Brahms (Piano Concerto 
N0 1) 

B25 One Pair of Ears: the 
week's radio music. With 
Robert Uoyd 

8.45 Con cart part 2. 

Beethoven (Symphony 
No 5) 

953 Wan .r.; :c- rre ■Wir.dnVil; 
dd*’’’:' ncz-*c 
Hass.'.v.v- Crsr'sm fst.caA 
10.30 N>J3iC sr* Cjj 
T ime.L’.icrai?! 

R&Osenzw-jic ' n 
one mcv^nicnt* }»'>“ 
V-ar.dnc :Srrr.< ry . Paril 
Liverpool . : n!“i5;iTi>niC 

1355 Strau'-« and Pro- Stic 
(vifilihi. -u-ss ottpenci. 
Sireur.^ ir £ f-et. 

Op Prifcoi-erviSinali :fl 

F .■nsnci' 1 Ob :v} 

11.57 News 1£ SC CICSefiTwn. 
V.-tF cnly :c 1 32^ ir 5.55. Ccen 
UnivS' Sfiy. HSKi/v pricer y 


pSrt!!ri y 

5.2C 2~i 6.23. 7.3*;. P.33 Sp-sn i 
Dezks 1.35 -ym . " £2. L.^2. 4.C3, 
5.CE, 6-C2. S-‘£ ii<i ■S'Jyi. O.aE. L3 j 
arr. Colir 1 =*'■'• s) 553 
Moore <s» 5.25 K;r» Sr-ce .5; 10.23 
Jimmy *r?*,rv; sr.c: ::m 
imcrmeton fie r, Tony C-? '.s; 

1 C5 pm Da.'C is 1 
GiDiia rt'.nn’tb'O -i.- 3.:£ Music All 
The Wav -SI4.JC 

Hj-'MicH 5 2" jf nr Dunn at 

6.45 ( mi pni,-: Spor enc 
Ciass'i*-: ncsuirs :s; 6.CD Wally 
Whyron -.An en ? s\as 
prt-: , ''.nrr.e; 3 Zi Desk. 

10.52 *> er DcdJ s Paizrx oi 
Laugmer. 10.03 Star sojc.c Extra. 
(Imervew win Michael 

11.00 Brian V.srtne w ‘.srerso :rcm 
rraenicnti 1 30 ;nn Pe:ar 
D-o.;c-n <s; 3/-Q-4.0G A. LUfe N-ght 
V.usic is) 

^ Rscio 1 y 

News on the n f |i-hcur rem 
6.3c sm un*i' C.2C pm sr z a; 1243 
mioi'iym. 6.M an AC’im jcr.-,. 

7.3C 'Silts Reac i>.2l Si.mon Ee'es. 
1Z3C pm Sews beat /janei 
j 12.45 Cc' v Davies 3.C0 
Sieve Wngnt. £.30 
(jar's*. Truin' 5.45 '-'or kes. 

7 .20 J a nice Lor,c met 6. C John 
Wakars r ev:ews’p.e ..eei, s music 
press 1C. ’0-12.3: Ar.c-v 
Kersl-.EW I St CrtF 1 2 2 

4.C3 am As Psd>o £ 'C.0C pm 
As F.idK? 1 12.Cq-f.C3 am *s Radio 


[ £.C0 Nev.'i JJCk '.tjwewe ?'9T*.~n ry- 
I rour HcufS 7^2 Tri? Classic Mum 

[ 7.^5 Nr'nG’i. «JS. E-Ci C.P'3 

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Fmjncjai kevn &.JC Lx* vah O.iS 

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Sifcwg Two Cheess ici F“t> 
11. Cl* Umi I’.CS toci Bril «’f. 

tt.;5 Ns* It JS A L-.t« From 

England i2.CC ivf— >«. (?«• i£'s 

TopTwans, 12<!S :.pcr?r. F.oui.Cd& t-C I 
News t.CS T«-nt,^o,ir H-ojrs t.30 
KerworK \J< l.-a Flanoers artf Swasn. 
lOit^uvs 2.C’. Oj'Joov C .-if c fori 

£j>om 3.04 .'.xi 2 IE T-s 

Pifdbure s vou,a. <£2 v.w.*. ^.*s 3or.- 
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T«ay 1t25 A urgif Fii-.i er.qiano. 
13.30 EjMncui f;*w5. H.-X F c .i-iri,. >5. 

10.45 Saohi Rjunc- >C 1 1 DO : *■.■«(. s ’ ■ .05 

Commi’inuir’: 1 T.1& eJcrcnam Pr> 

S amme. 1 f.M N^iur^ Nrj'iooos 'v. 

« Farming 1E-w 3 Nev-.'s ti 

j News At-aui ems-.n 12,*.5 F.M.;. !Jh 
reel IE- SO Mu?»C lljw. I.H News 1..11 
OurlOOK. 1.30 rlsI-.5*»; alC 1&5 

Soc> Choice * .SO in the i/e-vnime 3.S3 
News. 2.09 B?v’ew ot -n? Sm-sn Press 
2.IS l Wish Ic .Vet. 3JC "ai-onc /.p. j: 
Music. 3.M News S.2? News «»■/ 
Brnam. 3. '5 Trre IVorld Tocar. 3-PO 
Bosineas Matters 4,03 Newrcjv. 4.2 1 ! 
Cooniry Sr,te. 5-AS The WoiUJ T«cy. AU 
i few* ir. ear. 

seffo 2: 121 5kHz fSCTrr. VHF -5-3- 
: Vhr 95.S; BBC 17nadio Loncon 

114S-1155 Rim 861156-1240 
News and weather. SCOTLAND 1820- 
1 030am Docatnan 65S-740pm Re- 
porting Scotland 640540 llw Thursday 
5.«Opwi Today's Sport 5.40-640 biside 
Ulstar 055-740 First Cbss 840400 
SoottflW 1155-1240 mm and weather. 
ENGLAND 1240-1240pm Manqhaa- 
ter Ceraral (Nortivwest only) 845-740 
Regional news megazmos. 


146240pm Ulster m Focus 

CHANN EL aSsSgSw^open- 

era 140pm Channel News and 
Weathar 1JO Home Cookary Chub 155- 
230 Falcon Cran 330-440 
Mouthtrap 5.12 Puffin's Plafnce 5.16545 
BloeMxBiera S40-6J5 Channel Re- 
port foBowed by VMwCb0 1030 Prison- 
er CNl Stock H1130 The 
Aoventurw 1240 The Untouchables 
I40wn Weather. Ctosa. 


North East News 130pm North East 
News and LooKflround 130-230 Man In 
A Suitcase 335-330 North East 
News 515-545 Connections 6404L35 
Northern Life 730-830 Falcon Crest 
1032 The WOrka 11.15 Tha Master 
12.15am Just Like A Womai 1230 

[ regional 

Prtsonan Can Bloch H 1130TT«irs HoBy 
wood (MarByn Monroe) 1240 The 
Untouchables 140am Company, Close. 

HTV WEST ^rSpm htv 

News 130-235 A Country Practice 
33^330 HTV News 640-035 HTV 
News 736830 Falcon Crest 1030 
Wlmar Outlook 1035 The West This 


1036am About Wales - Technotow 
Wales 646635pm Wales At Six 1030- 
fl.US watos T?tis rnok 1146 
1235m Fane The Probability Factor. 


Fkw Thing IJDpqi North News 1 . ■»- 
230 The Baron 335-330 North Head- 
lines 5.15-545 Blockbusters 640- 
635 North Toiw|hi and Weather 740 
Random Choice 730-630 Falcon 
Crest 130 Mam and Lucia 1130 About 
Geek 1240 North HeadSnes and 
Weather 1245m Close. 

central saiyasfs*-. 

130 Central News 130-230 Man In 
A Sutcase 335-330 Central News 5.16 
545 Connections 640 Crossroads 
63S Central News 740 Emmerdaia Farm 
730-830 Falcon Crest 1030 Central 
LoDby 1140 The Protectors 1130 Fight 
Night IZXunOosa. 

130-230 Man In A Suitcase 330- 
440 The Young Doaors 5.165.45 Con- 
nections 6JJ0445 Lookaround 
Thursday 1030 V 1130 The Master 
1235am News Summary 1238 


Weather 12361 .OOpaiCatendar 
Limchtime Uve 130 Calendar Mews 136 
230 Carson's Law 336330 Calen- 
dar News 5.15-545 CandM Camera 646 
635 Calendar 1030 Urutad 7 
Detetned? 1130 Fight N«m 1230am 

CpOTTISH As London an- 
2kHiJJSn cepe 130pm Scooteh 
■ News 130 BodyHne 135-2J0 Rp- 
hde 330-440 Mr Snath 615-545 Block- 
busters 640-835 Scofosh News and 
Scotland Today 7.00 Now You See h 
736830 Falcon Crest 1030 Crime 
Desk 1035 About Gaeac Debate 1 1 145 
Late Can ii-IO The Sweeney 
12.10am Show Express 1240 Close. 

ANGLIA ^ London except 

130pm Anglia News and 
Weather 136230 Falcon Crest 

336330 Angte News 5.165.45 Block 
busters 6.00*35 About Angle 7.06 
730 Mouthtrap 1030 Foko 11.00 Shaley 
1 1 30 The Master 1 230am A Ques- 
tion m Lent. Close. 

Ill CTCO As London except 
uuoicn 936930am The Day 

Ahead 130 om Lunchh.-ae 133-233 
Man :n A Suited!? 13: The Serve o' bU 
336-430 Ulster News £.16545 
Conned ic ns 5.M Gc:<i i'-eanq Utetr 
6366.3= ®olic4 Si. 730-832 - 

e» 5 Wnch 1830 Cc.un;;n>w,i Plm: 

Cl-jesMheTwisW Candle ‘Ecm^c; 

Lee) 1135 SylrTS Reoo ird VMiuam Fry 
1230am l*ews. 

S rf r» Af London atcepT 1 . 80 pm 

1103 Countdown i.3C nice 233 
Flenestn ‘220 Flaiatkaam 235 ^rO 
Fyo 253 IniervAl 3.C5 Tsm- S Ccc»S 
33= rears Aneti 530 « wnoi ■? •, 

Worth 450 hannev A\r. *wr 5 .Zt> > Cream 
ot Jaarrue S.0C Sroons'de 530 «w»e 
Than Ir^ets me Eye I.V. n"e»"d'iion 
SaiW ?.Su Ebnor Ac Erasi j.;= Cvuis. 
Ne*/s Headlines P.S5 •' Oevwr i.35 Hil! 
Sir eel Eiues tu33 OsuVr - Tne 
ureeiest imprA-.i&crs in *ht Vvono 113J 
Pros pe«v l2.20itmCi-.-re. 

AS London e-.- 

Report i .J6235 A Coumn, =r>c- 
hcp 335 Granada Heoorts ^30-4X3 The 
Youno Doatorr 3 165.4E Cennec- 
nems t.05 GranaiK AeK-ds 6.365.35 
This Is Tour Hiqm 732 - 33 J F-i cry 
Crest 1030 Sheets- o» ?v> e rerci«a 
1133 Figrr N-gni 122vam C>or.e. 

TCUf As London e'WDt IJPom 
53 * TSW New? 138-2.31! Ca^sor.'s 
Law 335 Sonsanc Daug*rer5.S.Si- 
«J» TSW Aews 6.15 Gus r-aneySim'5 
Maar ar tioavs £.2;-545 C-osr,- 
I rvedv 6.55Tcoiv Souir' '.'Jest iXC 
t EmirwrOJie Farm 7.CC- r.rrght Peer 

i B46S3? 6us.i r »-n s Hanaav 10.32 A 
Bieaih o' c rtiSh -:r 11.35 s* app ano 
Lucia 1230cm Pcstscnp*. 1233 Weather. 
* Ci’X?. 



<UUMIC«M HALL 6» B7» «4 COUSUM % 836 3161 CC 2*0 

8891 Toni TAB LOVS 

Classics. Lonueun concert or- cwousmi M* no»M*nj 
ctMira enrtmopner Adw Tout TOO The ■* h gJS ' 
rgrttj Mjaum gmw gtong TMwr 7.20 g«Hg "W « 

-mm ttt. n TllllTW . «; AJ7 ttLOM A37 1892 nrm-plfl 2e KT 
366^70434 3698/0 94 W 7 nay 7 Day « 200 T2QO Cm Sole* 

7500 Andrew Utwd WfhbW 

rmdKnnii mr t» neauy UMTut Themre co 


Box of rice 6 cc 01-930 9832 Orel 
Con a* hr 7 day cc l*BS 240 7200 




ACADEMY I 437 2481 M N «1 t 
Otis moves imi Frost n 
2 00. ui« tout! i 4 10. 620. 
8 40. 

ACAMCMY B 437 6129 THE 
EMPTY TADLC !»*l Film M 
S 15 6 46 820 „ 

ACADEMY M 4X7 8314 TW 
<00 6 IQ. 8-20 
CAMDCM ALAZA 486 2*43 lOpo 
CanMta-n Town mh ei Pm 
CrmuMv'i A ZED A TTO 
NOUGHTS tm Film JU Itt 
400 820 a 45 MUST END 
THL1RS From FBI f 
Flhn moo. 300. 3-00. 7.00. 


turret d«W 3737 Coral Browns 

Ian HWn m Oenru* Porters 
2 00 iluit Siunl 4 lO. 6SO A 


CURZGH dUTUO 6nof (mttun- 
A«enue wi 4A9 ofXJS Jes»r» 
Umw. Ed Naim in SWttr 
DttAMiri' FUm Al 2.00 uwr 
S um 6 2C A fl 40 IromFri 
Ktuouwi'i RAMIS) BOOK 

NOW _ 

C4TT EMMA, &4p 

727 4043 WWty ffllOlSWI, 
nr iv iuoluiy -crab no Mh 
Mereo KIU OF TW 
4 30 b 50. O.OS. L»1 C » 
Sian* Fn match 7. 
KtiRttWAWA? RAN !»*) 
Mraiirnl Bookings M> 
menwerWUp remiued - ■ — 

7S64225 Olenaa ionemn « BW 

Kt idW i 

"Twnu WARY- (Ml 

Drily JO. 50 7 0. A 90 


226 3520 M*TVI S Prcp RnPCrt 
Oraiora OUT OF AFRICA <tSi. 

MOBS I 00. 4 to 7 46 nckrts 
iHKrtudde w evening pen 


innnB e» 7611 or 240 
??TS4 DC 741 9909/836 

7SS8.-379 OJ33 

On» Sale* 6ISS 

EXCLLSnUY with First Con On 
iao 720 0 34 HT 7 Dav* 



S&v. pollaIS 



WM> FRAiac -reomroH 
m Dr Mm* 

9 jrsr*3»4RU> 




bmtisk uBRAmr, a 

WORLD: AllAM. t*W"_4Nd 
Ctvbn WMHS tl>6 S**«L 2-^ 
ft Aum 

MUSEUM- Tlw njftoiKH'i TnW- 
Sure House- S »<rP«“«»2 


BY rilNk BALER ■lllUL* >8 
mjtehv TExmr Pg»- 


Class DL=JGhw 
Wlfli-. 10 365 BO. Sun. 

0 SO CMMXl F«| Recorded BUfl 
ni MU 4894 _. ■— ~- 

ALDCRY 01 836 3878 CC 379 

E 'Sfi»WT«WM 

aihw A Miwll d Awards 85 

LAST a weeks. 

in he» Award- winninii 

O1-H0 7200- C»«a 7 30 
Satuw W 4 0_«i_B0 


'PsSTsWUJnr to 

tt** *S5T " r 


3Ss^^ asR! 





a apwBUui eenwdy- - ry 

I hamwatkad THEATRE ^ 

^^xi^A-S SlJSBtSr 


■Funnv A EMertalnM* . 
Cny Limit* 

a New Diav by DDiighw 

' Directed by Michael Rudnijnj 
Eva* Mon-Fri 7-50. Thurs Mai 3D 
Sats DO A 8.15 _ . 
Croup Sale* 930 6123 



OC 630 6260 Grp Swe* 930 61 23 

Eve* 7.46 Mats Tue A Sa l 30 . 

AMvi saM!^G , 2«r n,T 


• • Nto tochy ' 



DWOrt *™ , m TSEV2& Mmm- 


Coonsstons lor O.A.P4 Unto 
April 31 Tu rn MAD 

too wiBS tq iiymreni 

CC A Craw Ol*W4 4287/01- 
437 8772 


Thf Tim** 


a cetebranon id me urn >nd moRr 
af Jawi Lemwn. 

BETTER" C ftH * 

AddUtoMi MR s«n ** 6-0 
Eventoo* Tum to SAT 80 
Mats SuuriUr d t Sanflay jW4 Q 


■ARRtCAR 01-628 8795 /630 

SB?! cc <»*»»» iasKss 



JSmoSuh PROMSiB M«h 
Ran* seat* £4.80 front S-*"" 
oa Die day - to»h 7 JO ASVQ1I 
LIKE IT. (FuH once mat 2.00) 
Book for the new iw» - 


PomcraiKe »6W 2.00 * 730 
r final parr 20 Mart ■ 

Ol-*WO 2079 F»«t C*U 24-hour 7 
day cc bkB* 01-240 7200 

,ti raS«i p, ^Tfe5L 



Directed hy RON MMOLS 
E\m Moo-Fn t.o.Sat s jo* i 

CA R R IC R. A 01-836 4601. CC 
379 64336 C.C 34 1W/7 day 240 
7300 On* S«t« 930 61 23. CwtS 8 
pm. Wed mid 3-0. Sat 5.0 and 8-0 




a comedy lay ic™ Lutfwtg 
Derecurd W DavM GUmore 
Eves 8 MAD -wed 3.0 sal a O 
QPPtLJPMWrr AT_7^6 _ 
DUCHBW WCS 836 8243^240 
-9648. FTrrt CRI CC 240 7200 
<24 hr* 7 day*i 

Eves 8 . Wed Mala 3 . Sat 66 830 


-An aatMlwMine dholav of comic 
tuntnp- Cdn 


A TRQ4DVDOW suoc^4bc 


BURE OT YORK* 836 6122 OC 
836 9837/741 9999 Grp Sale* 
930 6! S3 Ftnt 0612* Hr T Day 
OC 240 7200. Eve* 8.0. 

Thu Mat 3. Sal 6 *830 


TM HU Comedy 
by Richard Harrh 
Dbectod by Jolla MCKenae 


Standard Drama Award 1984 
T Out “Had me audience Veiling 
tor more" D Man -Must turay 
take toe town.. Go NOW- d Trt 
“Roan of ntnvd" Time* "ITs 
goutg » HLiapJap forever' now. 


01-836 8108 01-246 9066.-7 
Fire CaU 34 hour 7 6W «f bkg 

Omdd RnWi 



wn m or all ik wsT 











Eva ft©. MAS WM so 
Sal 5,0 * 830 
Group Salt* 01-930 6133 

JAN 1987 

Party Bate* Available 

FORTUNE * OC 836 2258.-2239 
741 9999 Flret Call 24M 7 day 
CC 240 7200. E*r 8 fn /Sal 6 A 


Laurence OUvter Award 1984 

lip AND under 

By Jonn Conner 
Tima* -SPLOW O Tel 
"OMtetRietunnieciaiulimu nre- 

siKft assiisfaaisaas? 

on* ■* Excttemeni and rriivity 
Feretwl»g (tie HrtKoc* to cm 
* nd cheer* & Tier - A JOY” s Exp 




Evpa 730 Mat SM 230 

HER MAJESTY** 930 4026 
930 6606 ec Hod me 74 1 9999 
Fire Call 34 hour 7 day 
« became* 240 7200 
**A WHOM TLa a brt taRly MaM- 
hr t a Rared to reuAR I tor 
adian U ri” D Man 


■la* «L_ T in ate * — M u” O. Taj 
“Separte Me totereanen 1 ’ 
F.T. "Tha Ridilil B li , tew* 
to eh la natodnaaa” MaH on Sun 

Evy* 7.30 Man Wed A Sal at 3D 

MHOS HEA D 0122 6 1916 ‘A 
TASTE OF ORTCW 1 Joel) Onr 7 
pm. Snow 8 am. Book New 



Previewi rram April 22 
Fire Mtftt May 7 
TdfiAum credRbobatnw now 
accepted an 437 7373. 4S7 2033. 
734 8961 Fire Can 24 Hr 7 Day* 
CC BObking* 240 7200 BOX enice 
now open tor personal eaBere Oni 
Sate* 930 6123. 

LYRIC HAM* ILBIMmi 01 7*1 

2311 Cvei T.4S. Wed Mat*. 2-30. 
fiat* 4.0 * 7 48 

doug mars 


Directed W Dto“ * te|in«a 


tmMnWTLa mm** 
LYMC STU040 Ceaa Spa* p n reph 
MHehaH. Mradad by Rkbard WB- 
ltoa». P. .toil 4 by T— , Pb— pa. 

LYRIC THEATRE snaflaumry 

Aw Wl 02-437 3686/7 01-43* 
1090. CC 01-434 I860 01734 
6166/7 Fire CNI 24 new 7 day 


Dtrecird by Jahn Dnrtrr 
“Creew with nimullou* 
anptawe" DMly Emm 
E\w 7.30 Sou 5 0 A 8 . 1 S 
Wed Matt 30 
Group 5AM 01-930 6123 

LYTTELTON T 928 2262 CC 
■National Thaaue** vreerenlum 
atP9tt Tout. to«hw 7 48. men 
Maim am it* wi 1 a 2 MRS 



3036 -741 9999. Flral Can 2dhr 7 
day CC 240 7200 Mon-Thu B 
Ffl Sst 640 A 8 IO 




The tut thriller by Richard Harris 
“The pen thriller for years" S Mir 
"An unabashed winner" S Exp 
, "A thriller Dial achieve* II oli" 
-Sensanonai" Tune* "The most 
Ingenious mystery 10 have ap- 
peared n a dacade" D Mall 
«tfc OREAT year 

a W MBA S 930 3216 CC 379 
6665 379 6a33 741 9999 Groups 
836 3962. Eta a oa Thu nut 
2 JO. Sal 5.30 A 8 30 


D Mall 

The Theatre ot Come dy Company 



B/wim hunt 


WrtTlefl and directed by 

Over 1200 .14 ■ ttMWj B t 

UFE”-S Exp 

Thir d inner ■ cniermn 
Brasserie /Suite or Crrl lEiras 


I HOTLINE 01 680 8846 Box 
Offlre 01 S8D 9563 3 or 
01-636 8638 9 first Call 24hr 
7 Day CC B56 2028 . 

Grp Sain 930 6123 







Am Price Ptevi from Mon 34 
March. Open* Wed 9 April 31 7 
MOD-fn 7 SO 

Thu MM 2.30 Sat 6 A ft30 


8230 CC 379 <5665/6433 Until 
March IS. Eve* 7.30 DRMD 
THEATRE CO from Ireland 
muni with their la*le»t «un- 

Idng NCCew EAftiaAHOAWK 
by Tam MarpBy. tumna 
e» only aamttud ai mitrval. 

oasxmncR thutre oi-sos 
7736 Eirnnra 7 48 mat Sal 
2 JO. ONE OF US by ROBm 

KN 8 V qiUtLE "A eawtM 
cm* d. TM.-'rannatN-a 
ma production" Guardian. 
MERMAID OC tne book U 19 feel 
Ol 336 5668 or 741 9999 cc I BK9 
Feei 34 nr 7 day 840 7200 Cip 
sales Cl -930 6 133. Eve* 8.0 Fn A 
sal 30 A GO 



CtevHJ X#mef*i> 


direnM by nn Brytim 
small masterpiece. ALL 
pre Theatre Fpaa A Drink 
CAR PARK nnl Boor 960 
Far tuner NT mows see National 

March 14 M on Fn ai 11 30 am 
Mermaid 336 8868 lor details 



COTTESLOE Ckceltenl Chew 
reals days of perta all theatres 
(ran 10 am RESTAURANT i92B 
Backstage I E2. info 633 0680 

01-006 0072 CC 379 6*33 E«.e» 
7.45 Tue A Sat 3 00 4, 7 «B 



CroBOOKlnps 01406 1667 or Ol- 
930 6123 (Apply daily to Box 
Office I or irlumil PcMM f 
appucattons now aema accepted , 
until Augun 30 i 

OLD WC 928 7616 CC261 lft»t. 
Grn Sales 930 6123. March ll id 
A pril 19 




Omctiei ay Howard Dailec 

A new ptay by Jtoiaa MltxklH 

bated on uie tile A later work of 
fUreepo* Vardl wiui a cast of 
imernanon opera snyrre 

OLD VIC. 92B 7616. CC 261 1821 
Grp Sam 930 6123 LAST 4 
PERFS Ton-1. Tomor 7 30. Sal 
4.0 A 7 *5 


a PUv adapted from Jane 
Ainlrr'i rend M- Ptikl PownMI. 




pel not stircuppE 

Dl reeled by BtU Pryde 


Ten. re LOVED IT" OK 

ROYAL COURT 9 CC 730 J 746 


Thomas Middleton and Howard 
Barker Directed by William 
Gathill Eves 8 O Sal Matt 4,0, 
UPSTAIRS 01-730 Z5M Liver- 
pool nnimar present 
Heaton Em 730. Sal mat 


rn-u call 24 nr. 7 day. OC 240 
7200 Cm 7 30. Sal Mate 230 


BonL your seat* ai any Kenn 
Prow* Brantn ■ No Boohing Fee. 
Aum ID . May lo 
American Ballroom Theatre, teae- 
aoena Roof Orchestra. Reaaiind 
Newman A Dancer *. BU I T jonn 
A Ante 2ane. nmq 27B 98SG lor 
Commit Brochure. 

PHOENIX 836 2294 er 240 9661 
or 74 1 9999 Em 8 Mai Thu 3 Sat 
5 A B.30 24 Hr 7 Day Fire Call Cl 
£40 7200 


Standard Drama Awards 


A* EKla Prnley 



Rav Jewer* will may Elm Prealei 
on Monday Eve* only 

4SCM. 784 BS33 Crrdll Catd 
HMlirve* 379 SS88. 741 
Grp Sale* B3S 3M1.-M0 IUL 

“A BrBRaat M ato T RCC 




Over 108 Stoadlas Oeationa 
Cm S .0 Mato Wad 1 IUL. 

TJd 8931 Fire call 24 Hr 7 Day* 
OC Booung 836 3464 Crp Sain 
950 6123 



Open* 14 May al Tptd 
Red Ptkp Preview* from April 30 


et>Ol a CC Hofbne 01 930 

0844 5 6 Croup ton 01 930 
61 73 H PTOWM Ol 741 9990 
Fire Call 24 nr 7 day ec oooxinm 
240 7200 01379 6435 Exes 7 30 
Mai* Thur A na ai SO “Ona Of 
tha Oroal-ftoaat M—teala * * 
S Timn 77w> AtetMNW) TnnaFre of 
Ct Hniain Award Winning 


burring LULU 


"Waadarfal Eaiarfatamaat** S Tel 
"A Claaate of n» hind" D Tel. 
■‘Djwaailto** 0 Mall 
Now boohing until April *36 

QUEERS 01-734 1 166. 734 

1167. 734 0261. 73d 0120. 439 
3849.439 4031 Fire Call CC 24 
hrSUOTBGO Crp bales 930 61 23 
Eie* 8pm. WM A Sat MM* 3pm 



COMEDY.** S Tms 


A New Play by R »*a*d lla aiil. 

pirreied by Pator Tata*. 
Saaatai iflndte anUI Am 2ft 

CC 437 8327 Or 379 6433 
Cn> SalCT 930 6123 



Ei»y 7 30 Mat* Tnu 6 6a l 2 SO 
Latecomer* not admned unui uie 


OLIVIER -»• 92B E2S3 CC iNd 
tivnal Thealre'y open liao* 1 lom 
trar TonT. Tomor 7 15 

A March lO lo 12 Open-. March 
13417 00 Then March 14 A 
March 21 lo 2a THE TMPECTEW- 
NV OPERA by erecnr muiK- pj 
hurt WMII 

SAVOY Box Office Ol 836 Mf.9 
CC Ot-379 6219. 830 W'» E< n 
7 45 Mauneee Wedra-xday i J 
Saiurdav SOI 8 30 
TOWN" 8 Timex lo 2 86 





Dir by MICHaEL blakemore 


741 999“ 379 t>a:-s Firu Call 
24 Hr 7 Day CC 240 7 SCO 
Grp Sales 930 ei23 


Red price Pr»\i lonigM 
Opens lomorrow ai 7 CO 
t,o 8 CO Sal 5 50 1 632 

5T Nunrurs Ol 636 1443 S£>6 
oal CC No 3 T9 o*33 Eie 8 6 
TUTS 5 4S. twl 6 0 and C* 

34tb yr •* ACATKA CM Start E* 5 


No radureil pners from API 

courte but Mb blame from 
LJ 50 

STRAND Bo* OH 830 2c»jn j 
T call 24Hr TOai CC 240 7200 
A STAfl IS BORNi- Gin 


By Tarry 


UMONlMCetrr r Time.. 

AM pore Prri' tram 1 7 «<idi 

Open* 26 VATtB 

STRAMO.MC2 ill AJ6 2 060 
4143 SI90 Mon-Fn. E 19 S HO 
Sal 6 JO A 8 30 

••A nalirai remit a h» io 'arhc.l.T* 
Sid -GrnuuvJy fur<": “ F 


a romi-dy by John Cnaanwn and 
Mirnart Pmiun. aim "-a ij> 
Mur Orermii MUST END 
MARCH ■ owma Da- Id Jtej'i. •. I 
7T< iMimilntrah 


"The ».r, N-.I <A Fn'jiiir, conuc 
l«J"l.l" C-.nii LLlli 
WIFI aiCir.’S AT FC.7T7 
Sr .-'lx -.■‘Jtr T'.-oirc 

RL-N Fen VCLS Will 

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war past 

Spitfire’s finest hours remembered 

• From Christopher Thomas 
New York 

The World Jewish Congress 
suggested yesterday that there 
had been a massive cover-up. 
possibly involving govern- 
ments. to conceal the past of 
Dr Kurt Waldheim, the for- 
mer Secretary-General of the 
United Nations. 

The congress, a respected 
body representing Jewish or- 
ganizations in 70 countries, 
said that despite Dr 
Waldheim's strong denials it 
stood by its accusation that he 
had concealed a Nazi past 
with links io war criminals 
and war crimes. 

Mr Edgar Bronfman, the 
president of the congress, 
yesterday sent telexes to Jew- 
ish groups around the world 
seeking survivors of the Holo- 
caust who might be able to 
provide evidence of Dr 
Waldheim's past. Particular 
etTorts are being made in 
Greece and Yugoslavia. 

Mr Elan Sieinbetg. execu- 
tive director of the congress, 
told The Times in New York 
yesterday that the timing of 
the allegations had nothing to 
do with Dr Waldheim's cam- 
paign for the presidency of 

"About three weeks ago the 
WJC had a team in Vienna 
researching Nazi crimes in 
Austria. We uncovered pre- 
liminary evidence that 
Waldheim's biography was 
not kosher. ” he added. “A full 
scale investigation was autho- 
rized. If we discovered all this 
in three weeks, why have 
governments with all their 
resources failed to uncover 
this in 40 veais?" 

He said that the congress 
had had no contact with any 
political figures in Austria 
prior to its announcement on 
Tuesday, and certainly had 
not spoken to any of Dr 
Waldheim's political oppo- 
nents about the affair. He 
added that the matter raised 
serious questions about cover- 
ups and raised the possibility 
that Dr Waldheim might have 
been susceptible to blackmail 
while head of the United 

Waldheim denial, page 6 


A Royal Air Force Spitfire with wartime black and white markings passes over Tower Bridge. London, yesterday on a commemorative flight 
By Patricia Gough 

The drone that evokes mem- 
ories of Britain's finest hour 
reverberated once again over 
London yesterday as an RAF 
Spitfire flew over the city to 
mark the fiftieth anniversary 
of the legendary' fighter's 
maiden flight. 

Spitfire PM 631, piloted by 
Sqnadron Leader Paul Day. 
aged 44. a combat instructor 
from RAF Coningsby. Lin- 
colnshire, flew at 400ft over 
the city, dipping lower over St 
Paul's and the Tower of 
London, then on to Whitehall 
and Parliament, bringing of- 
fice workers to their windows. 

It bore the black and white 
stripes of the Normandy inva- 
sion, painted on so the Allied 

armies would not mistake 
them for German Messer- 
sch mitts. 

At Eastleigh, Hampshire, 
where the Spitfires were built, 
the only two-seater model left 
in Europe landed on its belly 
as its undercarriage collapsed 
while taxiing before a fly-past 
of Spitfires over the Solent. 

Its pitot and owner, Mr 
Nick Grace, of Colchester, and 
his passenger were rueful but 
unhurt. The aeroplane was 
slightly damaged. 

Altogether, 22.759 Spitfires 
and Seafires, the naval ver- 
sion, were built and only 120 
have survived, of which 12 are 
in Britain. The RAF has only 



Today’s events 

ner. Royal Air Force Club, 
Piccadilly. 6. 1 5. 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales ai 

The Prince of Wales attends a 
Commonwealth Development 
Corporation board meeting, 33 

The Princess of Wales opens 
the Wyre Forest Glades Leisure 
Centre. Kidderminster. 11.10. 

Prince Andrew attends the 
Roval Aero CTub Council din- 

Princess Anne opens the Lin- 
ear Accelerator Unit. Regional 
Radiotherapy and Oncology 
Centre. Horficld Road, Bristol. 
10.30; and later opens the 
Careers for the 1980's ex- 
hibition. Bristol Exhibition Cen- 
tre. 11.20; she then visits 
Knowle West Initiative and 
Knowle West Employment 

Venture. Knowle West, Bristol, 

Princess Michael of Kent 
attends the Gold and Silver Ball, 
the Cafe Royal. Loudon. 8. 
New exhibitions 
Relief constructions and 

Books — paperback 

The Literary Editor's selection of interesting books published this week 

A6ce in Bed, by Cathleen Schine (Grafton, £2.95) 

Death is no Sportsman, by Cyril Hare (Faber, £3.95) 

Eric's Choice, by Ursula Holden (Methuen/ £350) 

The Passionate Friends, by RG. Wefts. Introduction by Victoria 

drawings by Alan Reynolds; 
Juda Rowan Gallery. Totten-, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,986 


1 Reverses for the defence (5). 

2 There’s no place like his 
ideal home (7). 

3 Real kebab is curiously brit- 
tle (9». 

4 Rogue strikes smartly in lo- 
cal disturbance (11). 

5 Species of ox Arthur's sene- 
schal raised (3). 

6 Carbonaceous rock about 
right for supporting marine 
polyps (5). 

7 One church composer's gla- 
cial frigidity (7). 

8 Being misrepresented, giri's 
got wrong boy (9k 

13 Slips up about transport for 
an antique firearm (11). 

14 Anticipate everyone's sup- 
port for widespread growth 
( Q >. 

16 Element found bv listener in 
rather unusual circum- 
stances (4.5). 

18 Conquerors identified by an 
RSM on manoeuvres (7). 

19 Aim to hold up soldiers in 
this country < 7). 

21 Spokesman for circle in the 
grip of corruption (5). 

23 .An hour. say. blowing 

urilrilu nn Hhorrin'c hflnlf** 

wildly on OberoiTs bank? 

25 This compiler's name (re- 
jected) for Bardolph's cor- 
poral (3). 

Solution (o Puzzle No 16380 

1 (3Hr3S5r?t0i3lftai= 13 
|b a 0 E ■ . E E 
i3[sunissEffiiBEis i^n^n 
0 ® 7? E S3 @ {g 
tjjiiisf® iiOoOisstinrs 

&3 n h -h a .ran it 

T-ilulH BJ3I1 
B ■ ra E . 53 E ra 
.cflTTiffiJEn LslSEHH&illS 

b is n bj a H 0 E 


m til m (i n m - ra si 
fflnnH aHSamsiBEIiBEl 
pj fs ra hs m is itI 


1 Fruit it's improper to cover 
up. we hear (9). 

6 Novice rebuked about this 
issue (5). 

9 Come together for a photo- 
graph? (5-2 l 

10 Senior officers, say. for a 
body of sailors in flat-bot- 
tomed boats (7). 

11 Endure punishment (SI. 

12 Faction has unusual role for 
Spanish gentleman (Q). 

14 Devotee of the Lady of the 
Lake? (3). 

15 Sound conductor, honest 
and of military bearing 

17 Row with potential, keeper 
helps us reach our target (5- 
6 ). 

19 A girl returned unaccom- 
panied on hers (3). 

20 Old copyist tom between 
state ana monarch (9). 

22 Bird, for instance, to soften 
by soaking (5). 

24 Like the ineffectual per- 
fumes of a bloody somnam- 
bulist 0 (7). 

26 Not prepared to study in : 
University citv in America 

27 Material for motor missing j 
from Cumbrian city (5). 

28 Bad break for C-in-C? 

Shame (9). i 

Solution to Puzzle No 162*85 


q • s ■ p • ra a • • . m 
iSHnEIi-HnliltiB ‘ tilEEiq 
@ @ H a B K 

a a is. n gi • q -s 
i^ossnistasna • garaara 
Ira ra m ,ra m m ra 

H • 15 E • • -S • PS, : 5) 
tesrarannnrairaras • •- — 
is E E : 0 ra n_ jg-gj 
[-iffiliE . -i^SfflESIHSMEn 
SB--' ■ 15 B'S'S’-E 

Juda Rowan Gallery. Totten- 
ham Mews, Wl; Mon to Fri 10 
to 6. Sat 10 to 1 (ends April 12). 

Works by Geoffrey Bawa: 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 
tects. 66 Portland Place. Wl; 
Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30 (ends April 

Recent paintings by John 
Hitchens; Montpelier Studio. 4 
Montpelier Street. SW7: Mon to 
Fri 10 to 5.30, Sat 10 to I (ends 
March 26). 

To the Kwai and Back: war 
drawings by Ronald Searle; 
Imperial War Museum. Lam- 
beth Road, SE1; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5.50. Sun 2 to 5.50 (ends July, 
6 ). 

Contrasts in Danish art: 
paintings and prints: SAGA. 
Scandinavian An, 3 Elystan 
StreeL SW5; Mon to Fri 10 to 5, 
Sat 10 to 1 (ends March 22). 

Watercolours by various art- 
ists; Bell Gallery, 13 Adelaide 
Park. Belfast; Mon to Fri 9 to 5. 
Sat 9 to I (ends March 27). 

Benson and Hedges Awards 
Exhibition 1985 to 86: Arts 
Council Gallery. Bedford Street 
Belfast; Tues to Sat 10 to 6 (ends 
March 28) 

Careers for the 1980’s: Bristol 
Exhibition Centre; today I to 
4.30. Fri 10 to 4.30. Sat and Sun 
10 to 5 (until March 9). 


Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra: Colston 
Hall. Bristol. 7.30. 

Concert by the Scottish Early 
Music Consort; Lower College 
Hall. St Andrews University. 8. 

Recital by Sarah Vivian (so- 
prano) and Patricia Williams 
(piano); St Olave Hart. EC3. 

Recital by the Aranjuez Gui- 
tar Trio: Churchill Hall. 
Worksop College. Notts. 7.45. 

Piano recital by Pascal Roge: 
The Great Hall. Lancaster 
University. 7.30. 

Concert by the Auriol String 
Quartet: The Royal Exchange 
Theatre. Manchester. I. 

Concert by the Oxford Cham- 
ber Choir and Orchestra: New 
College Chapel. Oxford. 8.15. 

Recital by The Tavern Fid- 
dlers. 1.15: Concert by the 
London College of Music Sym- 
phony Orchestra. 7.30: Si 
John's. Smith Square. SWI. 
Talks and lectures 

The Influences of Post-War 
European and American ab- 
stract an on British painting in 
the late 50's, by Jasia R lechardt. 
Toni del Renzio and Ralph 
Rumney: Warwick Arts Trust 
St George's Drive. SWI. 6.30. 

The European View: Artists 
in Lebanon, by Charles Newton: 
Leighton House. 12 Holland 
Park Road. W 14. 6.30. 

The making ora documentary 
in Ihe Soviet Union, by Olivia 
Lichcnslein (co-producer l. 
Mcnhuim Room. Portsmouth 
Central Library. 7.30 

Eileen Hltyd David memorial 
lecture on Human Rights, by 
Lord Scarman: Taliesin .Arts 
Centre. University College. 
Swansea. 7.30. 



Glendinrung (Hogarth, £355) 

An Open Efite, England 1540-1880. abridged edition by Lawrence Stone 
and Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone (Oxford, £6.95) 

London Perceived, by V.S. Pritchett (Hogarth. £3.95) 

Prime vera. by Umberto Baldini, translated by Mary Fitton (Sidgwick & 
Jackson. £8.95) 

Robert Graves, Selected Poems, edited by Paul OPrey (Penguin, £3.95) 

6 am to midnight 

Roman Britain, by John Wacher (Dent £4.50) 
Thomas Cieevey’s Papers, 1793-1838, seted 

London, East Angfia, Midlands, E 
England: Scattered showers, sunny 
periods; wind SW moderate or fresh 

(Penguin, £5.95) 

Papers, 1793-1838, selected and erfited by John Gore 


veering NW; max temp 8G (46F). 

SE, central S England: Showers, 
sunny intervals; wind SW fresh 
■ locally strong veering NW; max 
temp 8C (46 r. 

Channel Islands, SW, NW, cen- 
tral N England, Wades: Showers, 
some heavy, sunny intervals; wind 
SW fresh or strong locally gale 
veering NW; max, temp 8C (46F). . 

Lake District Isle of Man, SW 
Scotland, No rt hern Ireland: Show- 
ers. some heavy with hail and 
thunder, sunny intervals; wind SW 
strong to gate veering NW; max 
temp 7C (45 F). 

NE England, Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Moray Firth: 
Scattered showers, sunny intervals; 
wind SW fresh or strong local hr gate 
veering NW; max temp/C (45F). 

The pound 


Australia S 
Austria Sch 
Belgium Fr 
Canada S 
Denmark Kr 
Finland Mkk 
Franca Fr 
Germany Dm 

Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Hong Kong S 
Ireland PI 
Italy Uni 
Japan Yeti 
Netherlands Gld 
Nonway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta - 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 
Retafl Price Index: 379.7 
London; The FT Index dosed i 
at 13013 


Births: Micbelangelo, Capres 
Italy. 1475; Elizabeth Barren ! 
Browning. Durham. 1 806: , 
George da Marnier, caricaturist ! 
and novelist, Paris. 1834. 

Deaths: Louisa May Alcott. 
author of Lillie M omen. Boston. 
Massachusetts. 1 8S8: Gottlieb 
Daimler, Mechanical engineer, 
pioneer of internal-combustion 
engine. CannstatL Germany. 
1900: John Redmond. Irish 
nationalist. London. 1918: John 
Phillip Sousa, bandmaster and 
composer. Reading. Pennsylva- 
nia. 1932; Zolt&n KoddJ}. com- 
poser. Budapest ]9b7: Pearl 
Buck, novelist. Nobel laureate 
1938. Danby. Vermont 1971. 

The Midlands: M5: Road- 
works SW of Birmingham be- 
tween junction 4 (Bromsgrove) 
and 5 (A38 Droiiwich); two 
lanes southbound and only one 
northbound: no northbound ac- 
cess at junction 5 and a 50 mph 
mandatory speed limit. MS: 
Contraflow W of Birmingham, 
between junctions 2 (A4123 
Dudley/Birmingham) and 3 
(A456 Halesowen): two lanes in 
each direction. Ml: North- 
bound traffic reduced to two 
lanes on the northbound 
camageway between junctions 
15 and 16. 

Wales and West A3& Re- 
pairs at .Ashburton delaying 
traffic travelling between Ash-" 
burton and Plymouth, A39: 
Lane restrictions at the junction 
with the A36 1 . M5: Outside lane 
closed northbound between 
junction 15. (M41 and 16 

The North: At Contraflow on 
northbound carriageway be- ] 
tween Blyth and Wadwonh. Co 
Durham. A49: Traffic lights in 
use at Bickley N of Whitchurch. 
M6: Contraflow at peak times 
on the southbound carriageway 
between junctions 17 and 17. 

Scotland: A85: Construction 
with traffic control along A85 
East High Street. Crieft A74: 
Southbound inside lane closure 
around the dock S of the A702 
(Elvanfoot Road End), Lanark- 
shire. A73: Inside lane closed on 
both carriageways between 
Maryville interchange (junction 
i) and (junction 2 ). 

veering NW; max temp/C (45F). 
Glasgow, Central Highlands, NE, 
IW Scotland, Anjyfl, Orkney, Shot- 

NW Scotland, AigyB, Orkney, Shet- 
land: Rather doudy with showers or 

land: Rather cloudy with showers or 
outbreaks of rain, brighter later 
wind SW strong to gate tocafly 
severagale veering NW; max temp 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sat- 
urday:' Mostly dry on Friday, further 
rain later. Temperatures near nor- 
mal, frost in places overnight. 

Son Rise*: Son Sett: 
6.36 am 5.49 pm 

RQIHS Moon rtsas Moon sets: 

5.18 am 1221 pm 
New Maori: March 10 . 

Lighting-up time 

London 6 19 pm to 8.04 am - 
Bristol 629 pm -to 6.13 am 
Edtaburgh aZTjxn to £30 am 
Manchester 626 pm to 8.14 am 
Penzance 6.42 pm w 624 am 


£250,000 bond 

Parliament today 

Temperatures at midday ye s terd a y: c, 
cloud: 1 . far r. rain; s. sun. 


BoMast ! 745 Guamsay r 846 

Bungham 1 1050 knoroess s 643 

Btoekpoot r 643 Jersey r. 948 

arteuJ t IT 52 London c S/8 

C opw . I 948 M’nctaster c 348 

Edinburgh c 7 46. Newcastle s 948 
Gtasgow t 745 R-rSdsway f 646 

The winning number of this 
month's £250.000 Premium 
Bond prize is 7CZ 467210. The 
winner comes from Dunbarton- 

Commons (2.30): Debate on 
plight of elderly. London Dock- 
lands Railway (City Extension) 
Bill, second reading. 

Lxirds (3.00): Legal Aid (Scot- 
land) Bill, committee stage. 

Snow Reports 

finMo - beer to play 

'Add' time logruwr to deter min e - 
jrsur weekly Portfolio .total. 

Depth Conditions W 

(cm) Otf Runs to 

»- U Psta Piste resort 


Kitzbuhel 60 140 fair heavy . fair cion 

Snow thawing at 2000m 

St Anton 60 300 good fair good fine 



U your local maicnes nw pubiMwd 
weekly dividend n#:srv you hove wron 

miirtotu or a share of Ihe pnze money 
' Haica for mol week, and mutt claim 

your priz e w- tn alruc 

T U phOWa TMTllui 

heavy . fair 

Mre WS4-5P72 b onre o a 1U0 M sal 
xra nn. "Ihwnvfnai raw - 
riauna Tin pan I h ub o Mo DMhmf. 

Taking refuge In the reference books* page 10 
Concise crossword page 8 


East Anglia Spring Antiques 
Fair. The Athenaeum. Angel 
Hill. Burj- St. Edmonds. Suffolk. 
2 to S. 

Sale of printed books; 
Bloomsbury Book Auctions. 
Hardwick Street. ECl. 10.30 
and 2.30. 



Alped’Huez 165 200 fair varied good fine { 

Good skrtng above 2100m 

La Plagne 145 280 hard crust hard sun -J 

Skiing good, but need but need new snow 

Las Arcs 130 180 good varied fair fine S 

Slush on lower slopes . . 

ValThorerw 190 385 good crust good fine { 

Some nard patches cm piste 


C Montana 110 160 good vaned fair thaw 7 

Pistes becoming slushy 

St Montz 80 165 good vaned fair thaw 7 

Wet snow on some lower slopes 

Wenaen 43 1 10 fair heavy good tme E 

Spring conditions 

Zermatt 85 190 good varied good sun 1 

Excellent skiing 

In the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club ol Great 

Britain. L refers to tower slopes and U to upper, and art to artificial. 

heavy good tme 

*J£iT!MES NEWSF.irri, • JMTTED. 
1 Site Printed by (Print- 

ers! Limited o> i virqima street. 
London El. Thursday. March 6 . 
1986 R entered as a newspaper at 
ttv Post Office 

' -'Lettw'fim'MfaiDkDGIty- 

Give us back our 

lintels — 

The Greeks want the Elgin 
Marbles back. Mexico wants 
the British Museum to return 
the Maudslay Lintels. 

Uiuels are relief stone 
carvings of a type found in 
what is known as the Classic 
Maya period, between 7 and 
9 AD. 

Sir Alfred Percival 
Maudslay was. as the name 
indicates, a Victorian gentle- 
man. He was, besides, a 
scientist scholar, diplomat, 
writer and adventurer. 

It was in the la ner capacity 
that he came to Mexico in 
2850. rapidly developing a 
passion for the country's 
largely untapped archaeorogi- 
. cal wonders, (He was not the 
first Englishman to become 
enthralled by Mexico's pre- 
Hi spanic heritage. Viscount 
Kongsborough, bom into a 
wealthy aristocratic family in 
the late eighteenth century, 
came to Mexico and dedicat- 
ed his life so fanatically to 
investigating, writing and col- 
lecting material on the rich 
culture of the Mayas and 
their all-conquering Azin; 
successors that he died penni- 
less in a debtors* prison in 

Maudslay arrived by canoe 
in March 1882 in the lost 
Mayan city of Yaxchilan. 
most of which still lay boried 
underground then. What par- 
ticularly fascinated him 
about Yaxchilan, a remote 
spot near Guatemala in the 
jungles of Southern Mexico, 
were its lintels, which offered 
an intricate record of the 
history and customs of the 

The clearly detailed, highly 
expressive depictions of 
spear-carrying soldiers, 
priests in elaborate bead 
dress and scenes generally of 
military conquest and reli- 
gious rituals are considered of 
immense value by present 
day archaeologists and histo- 
rians. . 

The two-seater Spitfire, flopped on its fuselage at Eastleigh after its undercarriage collapsed. 

Maudslay too knew he was 
on to something special and. 
at great pain to himself and 
his team of local assistan ts, 
transported one of these lin- 
tels — which weighed nearly 
half a ton - — down the 
swampy Lacandon River to 
the sea. 

He returned the next year, 
1883. and took “home” — 

which now means the British 
Mmeura — several more 

The Mexican authorities 
today have a different percep- 
tion- of where “home” ought 
to be. As far as the Mexicans 
are concerned, the hmeis arc 
as much stolen property, in 
the final analysis, as the 170 
- priceless gold and jade arti- 
facts stolen last Christmas 
day from Mexico City's An- 
thropological Museum. 

The British Museum has 
“a moral obligation to return 
these pieces .l they must 
return to this country'”, says 
Dr Enrique FJorescano. the 
bead of Mexico's National 
Institute of Hisiory and An- 

In an interview with The 
Times. Dr Horcscano admit- 
ted there existed no legal 
mechanism to •‘coerce'’ the 
British Museum and other 
European museums, to re- 
turn Mexican archaeological 
objects. There was. neverthe- 
less. a Mexican law in exis- 
tence at the time Maudslay 
collected his booty prohibit- 
ing the export of pre-Htspan- 
ic treasures. 

But Dr Ftorescano ac- 
knowledges that law carried 
little international weight to- 
day.- Which is why he ap- 
pealed to the moral sense of 
the British Museum, arguing 
that “Looting and collecting 
are -the worse enemies of 
cultural and scientific study” 

The Mexican Government 
would now like to explore 
diplomatic channels to get 
the Maudslay Lintels back. 
Should that fait, the British 
Museum should perhaps steel 
itself for a possible theft 

Outrage at the fact that a 
prized Mayan treasure was in 
a Paris museum having 
also bees spirited out of 
Mexico in the nineteenth 
century— a hot-headed Mexi- 
can private citizen went to 
Baris . seven years ago and 
robbed die treasure bade. . 

Interpol grabbed him when 
he was back in Mexico but fay 
this time the Mayan piece 
was back nuts place, of origin. 
The Mexican authorities saw 
to it that the man's punish- 
ment was appropriately light 

John Carlin 

Deep depression N of 
Scotland will move slowly 


High Tides 

Ur pr- 

sky: Qc-btue -sley auto dawf. c- 
dcudy: p-overcioi- f-fog; d-drlzzte h- 
halL irrisL-nilst r radn: s-snow: m 
tHundOTtotTn: Mlrowcra. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed iraynv circled. Temperature 

Around Britain 

Son Rain 
hrs n 

Sc art xwn .11 

BridOngtaa - .07 

Creator - 32. 

Lowsatatt - .18 

Clacton - 38 

Morale - it 

Fdfcosuna 25 

HBBtfnga - 27 

Eatobmone - 28 

Brighton - 23 

Worthing - 27 

Laaehmatti ’ - 25 

Bogaerfl . 26 

SouImm as 

Sundown - ,n 

StwMIn ■ - .12 
Baunaratn - .11 

Poole. - .11 

Swanaga - 28 

Weymouth - .09 

Torquay - 21 

FofcnouKs '- m 

Pwuanc* - .12 

r JB.. 

9 48 dull 
8 46 Oou 
8 46 (Mr 
7 45 rain 
5 41- rain 
x xx 

- • Sun Rain I 

hrs in C 
W rau m to e - 25 9 

Tenby- _ - 26- 9 

CotaynEtor - 26 10 

Moreeambo - 1.19 7 

Doogtes -1.03. 9 

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