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By PeterEvans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
The Government aims to would “mark the greater re- - The 

and ^raSw? 8 ^ Cnrai ^ ak sani which society now pays proven 
SSfvfiSE?^ Compe ? sau ° n to the position of the victims ta cat 

0f crime ” The powers and among 
P roce d urK ofihe courts- Ibe mini™ 

on * er , legislation be- essential underpinning of the 

f ° The w^>^pi e ^ Cll0n ' <■ fc - against crime - would be 

The White Paper, one of the overhauled. 

se ?? s ^ ■ The Government sees the 
posals on the criminal justice .proposals as the next main 

system since Mrs Thatcher 
came to power, covers in- 
creases in maximum sen- 
tences, easier extradition 
arrangements, measures to aid 
the prosecution of fraud and 
options for jury reform. 

The Government is deter- 
mined that crime must not 
pay, and intends to put greater 
responsibility on courts to 
.ensure a better deal for vic- 

Jn future, courts would have 
to give reasons for not award- 
ing compensation. Restric- 
tions on ordering 
compensation to dependants 
and relatives in fatal cases 
would be relaxed, and forfeit- 
ed property could be sold to 
compensate victims. 

Morel-victims are expected 
to benefit from the Criminal 
Injuries Compensation 
Scheme, which is to be put on 
a statutory basis. That will 
give eligible applicants a defi- 
nite right to receive compen- 

The BilL. due- to be -intro- 
duced in the next session of 
Parliament is expected to give 
new powers to seize, criminals’ 
assets. Bowers of courts to 
order forfeiture of property 
used in connection with crime 
would be strengthened. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secre ta ry , said yester- 
day that measures to - he; 
brought forward in the BSH 

more race . 
The Times 

More people in the. 
ABC1 socio-economic 

B — opinion- 
rs and those 
with significant 
purchasing power— 
are switching to The 
Times in preference to 
any other national 
newspaper. And many 
more young readers 
are taking the paper 
also. • i 

During the final six months 
of last year, the number of 
ABC1 readers choosing 
The Times Increased by 
271,000. In fact, of the 
1 ,459,000 adults who now 

read The Times, 86per 
cent are in the ABC1 so 

cent are in the ABC1 socio- 
economic class. 

According to figures 
released this week by the 
Joint industry Committee 
for National Readership 
Survey (JICNARS) between 
July and December 
•Adult leadership of 77*e 
Times hicreased by 2ZB 

• ABd readership grew 
by 25.3 per cent 

• Readers under the, age 
of 45 increased by 27.1 per 

• ABC1 readership under 

the age of 45 increased by 

30.9 per cent 

• The Times was the most 
cost-effective advertising 
vehicle in reaching those 
earning the biggest 

• 77je Times was also file 
most cost-effective 
advertising vehicle in _ 
reaching higher education 

The runes Portfolio daily 
competition prize produced no 
winner spun yesterday so 
today there is £6,009 w be 
won. Portfolio list, page 22; 
bow to play, infannanoa ser- 
vice, page 32. '• _ 

Favourite out 

Bunough Hill L ad, winner of 
the 1984 Cheltenham Gold 
Cup and feyourite for ^ 
year’s event, is out of 

Hoot New* 2-5 
Ocrsws 7-9 
Appts 19 

Arts 15 

Basiaess 17-22 
Church . M 
Coon M 
Crosswords HM£ 
D*mj 12 

Fentons 10-12 
taw Report 28 

Utters g 
Maronng » 
P*rtM®a»t 4 
Sole Room M 
Sck«< M 


Theatre* g* 
TV & Sadis 31 
CnhemtKS M 
Wcatfw* 32 

. stage in its strategy for dealing 
with national and internation- 
al crime. 

Mr Hunl said police re- 
sources had been strengthened 
and the Government was 
ready to respond to further 
needs.-Police powers had been 
extended with safeguards. 

Bills further strengthening 
police and court powers in 
respect of drug trafficking and 
public order were sow before 
Parliament. . 

A new national prosecution 
service would start work this 
year. The measures in the 

Details 5 

Leading article ' . 13 

' White Paper were high in the 
Government's priorities, Mr 
Hurd said. 

But Mr Gerald Kaufman. 
Shadow Home Secretary, de- 
nounced the White Paper as 
. “a few patches of whitewash 
on a. disgraceful Government 
record on crime”. It was a 
classic example of closing the 
stable door alter the horse bad 

“It basically has to do with 
what we do- with cri minals 
after they are caught. But 65 
per cent of criminals are not 
caught - a much higho* per- 
centage of criminals , getting 
away with their crimes than, 
whep .this Government came 
into office:” , ^ 

- The proposals would not 
prevent a single crime or help 
to catch a single criminal 
among those who were com- 
mitting 3.5 million serious 
offences every year, he said. 

For the deserving victim 
unsure of himself before the 
courts, the Government ex- 
pects the new Grown prosecu- 
tion service to . ensure that 
facts about compensation in 
particular cases are properly 
presented for consideration. 

In keeping with its get-tough 
policy towards dangerous and 
violent offenders, the Govern- 
ment intends to go into the 
election able to say that it has 
increased the maximum sen- 
tence for carrying firearms in 
furtherance of crime from 14 
years to life. 

With corruption a recurring 
issue, the Government also 
proposes to increase the maxi- 
mum penalty for certain of- 
fences of that kind from two to 
seven years. 

One of the most controver- 
sial proposals is to abolish the 
right to jury trial for common 
assault, driving whilst disqual- 
ified and unauthorized talcing 
of a motor vehicle. 

With discrepancies in sen- 
tencing a cause of concern, 
another idea is to have the 
Court of AppeaTs sentencing 
judgements published by a 
statutorily constituted Judi- 
cial Studies Board in a more 
coherent and accessible form, 
as a guide for sentences and 
the public. 

Changes in the law to ease 
extradition are proposed, by 
abolishing the requirement for 
the requesting statute estab- 
lish a prima facie ease against 

the fugitive 

By Richard Evans 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
Shadow Home Secretary, crit- 
icized the Govermenfs crimi- 
nal justice' White Paper 
published yesterday as apiece 
of window dressing which 
would do ..nothing to halt, 
Britain's record crime wave: ■ 
“It won't stop a single crime 
being committed. It won't 
assist in the apprehension of a 
single criminal”, be said. 

And in a personal attack on 
Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, be added: “This is a 
very woolly white paper. It 
represents Mr Hurd’s mental 
processes very wdL” 

Instead of the “rag bags” of 
Government proposals, some 
of them very controversial* he 
called on the Government to 
attack foe root causes of crime 
and launch a crime prevention 
campaign. There was no point 
to having suffer sentences if 
criminals who co mmitte d 
crimes were not caught 
“The feet is that of those 
who commit theft, 65 per cent 
are not caught; of those who 
commit burglary 72 per cent 

are not caught; and of there 
who commit criminal damage 
77 per cent are not caught 
What is the point of saying 
you will sentence them if you 
can’t catch them,” Mr Kauf- 
man said. 

He predicted a rough ride in 
Parliament when a new Crimi- 
nal Justice Bill is introduced 
later this year not because of 
party political differences but 
because the proposals were 
messy, inconsistent and illogi- 

Mr Kaufman was particu- 
larly worried about proposals 
to deprive. people accused of 
certain offences of trial by 
jury. “We want to catch 
criminals, we want to punish 
criminals but we want to do it 
on the basis of fair trial. ” 

He also criticized the 
Government's attitude on pe- 
remptory challenge of jurors 
which he said had tong been 
acc^ted as a basic part of the 
British judicial system. 

Mr .Alex Carule, QC the 
"Liberals’ Home Affairs 
spokesman, said he was very 
disappointed that foe Govern- 
ment bad decided not to reject 
foe Roskill Report’s recom- 
mendation that juries should 
be abolished in complex fraud 

“ I do not believe foal there 
is any evidence to suggest that 
juries are acquitting m frauds 
trials when they ought to be 
convicting. Juries can, and do, 
understand complex fraud 
cases when they are explained 

He also opposed proposals 
to remove foe right of jury 
trial where people were 
charged with offences of dis- 
honesty and could be sent to 
prison. “The jury underpins 
our whole legalsystem and if 
we abolish jurors, even in a 
Continued on page 2, coll 

due to 
the cold 

- By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Twenty-nfoe large hospitals 
in Create r London and others 
in foe Home Counties have 
halted non-urgent a dmis si o ns 
or have dosed to all except 
em erge n cy cases as foe effects 
at the. arid spell on hospital 
admissions is felt 
In some cases for food 
periods hospitals have even 
had _ to dose to emergency 

The closures come as the 
n ambers of elderly patients 
needing admission with bron- 

chitis, pneumonia and hypo- 
thermia rose steeply during 
the recent cold speQ and as 
beds became blocked by elder- 
ly patients who cannot safely 
be sent home quickly. 

Some doctors are aigtring 
that foe situation has been 
made worse by cots in the 
number of aente beds in and 
around London as money is 
transferred oat’ or the four 
Thames regions. 

Sixteen hospitals in the 
North-West Thames region, 
including inner teach- 

ing hospitals, have been pot on 
“red alert” by London's Emer- 
gency Bed Service for the first 
time-since the 1973 influenza 
epidemic, dosing to all bat : 
emergency cases. ! 

In die South East Thames ! 
region, out to Bexley ami 
Bromley, 13 huge hospitals 
are on “yellow alert,” cancel- 
ling all non-emergency admis- 
sions. ■ 

The North East Thames 
region is dose to a“yeUow 
alert” and one has just been 
lifted in the South West 
Thames area out to Surrey. 

Frimley Park Hospital in 
| Surrey has had to dose even to 
| emergency admissions twice in 
the past fortnight in an area 
(hat is acknowledged to be 
short of beds. 

Dr Robert Sown, chairman 
of die consultant staff at the 
hospital, said: “Many parts of 
the Heme Counties no longer 
have any emergency, cover 
daring' parte of. foe whiter”. 
Surrounding ' hospitals ;fh 
Guildford, Woking and 
Chettsey have also bad to 
dose for periods during the 

. " It was likely, he. said, that at 
some time they woald all dose 
at once. “When this happens 
the trade bat logical concte- 
sioa is foot patients wBl die in 
thdr own hemes while general 
practitioners search in vain for 
& bed ■ 

“All around the London 
area closure of emergency 
admission facilities is bow a 
regular occurrence In many 
parts, especially daring 

Mr John Cross, administra- 
tor of foe Emergency Bed 
Service, said the difficulties 
were partly caused by elderly 
patients who developed chest 
infections doing the arid 
weather hot had not got better 
at home and needed hospital 
aAniwtgiftn. “It is more difficolt 
to discharge them quickly 
because of their . home 

Letters, page 13 

The Queen cool in lace at a Government House party in 
yesterday's heat-stricken Melbourne. Report page 9. 

Congress sets seal 
on Gorbachov era 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
Sweeping changes in the Slyunkov, 57, party leader in 

composition of foe top bodies Byelorussia, 
that will run foe Soviet Union He then delivered a rousing 
for foe next five years were final 25-minute speech, press- 
approved yesterday at foe j n g home the congress's cen- 
close of the 27fo Communist tral them of change. 

Party congress, which set foe The last two members of foe 

seal on foe era of Mr Mikhail Brezhnev old guard in foe 
Gorbachov, foe youngest So- Politburo, Mr Vladimir 
viet leader since Stalin. Shcherbitsky. 67, and Mr 

Western diplomats said foe Dmmukhamed Kunayev, 74, 
c h a n ges had further consoti- were permitted to retain their 
dated the personal power of seats. 

Mr Gorbachov, aged 55, who The most significant reshuf- 

is now regarded as being in an fl e took place in foe 1 1-strong 
unassailable position secretariat. Of foe five new 

Yesterday's appointments members, most attention will 
involved a turnover of more be focused on- Alexandra 
foan'40 per cent in member- * Birynkhova. 57; 1 a-- -former 
ship of foe Central Commit- trade union official, and the 
tee, and the selection of foe first woman to hold such a 
first woman to enter foe top high position since the depar- 
level of the Soviet administra- lure D f foe former Culture , 
tion for 25 years. Minister, Yekaterina 

Membership of the Pohtbu- Furtseva, from the Politburo ! 
ro was increased by one, to 12, in 1961. 
with the appointment of Mr Also promoted was Mr 
Lev Zaikov, aged 62, a former Anatoly Dobrynin, 62, the 
chief of the Leningrad party, veteran ambassador in Wasb- 
who is expected to take overall ington, who is expected to take 
control of foe economy. over foe foreign affairs role of 
Mr Gorbachov also secured Mr Boris Ponomaryov, 81, 

kit irurcacuuv Ma.uicu Mr oons Ponomaryov, si, 
foe promotion of two more of removed yesterday from his 
his protfgis to candidate, or position as head ofthe Central 
non-voting, membership of Committee's international de- 

foe Politburo. 

They are Mr Yuri Solovyov. 
61, also a Leningrad party 
boss, and Mr Nikolai 


Congress background, page 7 
Leading aritde, page 13 

Yurchenko ‘executed’ 

Washington — Mr Vitaly 
Yurchenko, the Soviet defec- 
tor who returned borne, was 
reported yesterday to have 
been executed by firing squad 
(Mobsin Ali writes). 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials said they bad no confir- 

mation of foe report A Soviet 
Embassy spokesman, howev- 
er, called it “sheer nonsense”. 

A National Public Radio 
story quoted as Administra- 
tion source as saying foal be 
had received two unconfirmed 
reports on the execution. 

Rate rebels face huge bills 

By Hugh Clayton, 

- Rates defiance could cost 
rebel Lambeth and Liverpool 
councillors millions of 
pounds, Mr John Banham, 
controller of audit with foe 
Audit Commission said yes- 
terday. - 

He made it dear that foe 
£200,000 involved in 
Thursday’s surcharge bearing 
against them was only the start 
of what could be a long legal 

Mr Banham .stressed his 
distaste for. the laws which 
district auditors employed by 
his commission have to 
operate.“To see people with 
quite often very limited means 
bankrupted, and houses sold 
over them is something that 
fills me as an individual and 
foe auditors who have to cany 

out this duty, with nothing but 

“The feet is that many of 
these people were bullied into 
breaking the law,”he added-on 
BBC ratio’s The World at 
One ? The current , cases are 
really the tip of the iceberg.” 

The final bills for the two 
sets of rebels have not yet been 
compiled, but auditors will 
use estimates 

Mr Ted Knight, leader of 
Lambeth council, said that he 
expected to be surcharged for 
a total of about £8,000 instead 
of foe £3,000 covered by 
Thursday’s case. He added 
that the Lambeth rebels want- 
ed to appeal, but tyould find it 
hard to raise the necessary 
£50,000 on lop of the £1 20,000 
needed to light Thursday’s 
action. . 

Split fuels dispute over BBC funding 

' A .r a itaiw m iatiAn nf TTV . with that <ai[-h ft draft rennrt exist 

ft * ** * 

David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 
The Government’s attempt 
to produce a new formula for 
funding the BBC is in difficul- 
ties because of a growing 
division among members of 
foe committee appointed to 
suggest alternatives for foe 
Corporation’s financing. 

Members of the Peacock 
Committee, asked a year ago 
by foe Home Secretary to 
investigate new methods, now 
doubt foat they - will . reach a 
majority view id their report 
to be published in summer.... 

One wing of the committee, 
believed to be represented by 
professor Alasiair Hefocr- 
ington and Mr Jeremy Handle, 
foe economist, believes that 
the system works reasonably 
well and does not require 

much in the way of change. 

But. another side to the 
committee, said to include Mr 
Samuel Brittan, a Financial 
Times columnist and brother 
ofthe former Home Secretary, 
is believed to favour sweeping 
changes which could force the 
BBC to restrict its output to 
public service broadcasting 
and deny it foe ability to show 
entertainment programmes. 

An alleged draft report, 
claimed to have been written 
largely by the committee 
chairman; Professor Alan Pea- 
cock, and. Mr Brittan, envis- 
ages foe containment of foe 
BBC to public service broad- 
casting without light enter- 
tainment and soap operas; 

ing. and urges instead' the 

deregulation of ITV,- with 
franchises offered to the high- 
est suitable bidder. 

Both BBC and ITV would 
oppose strongly the sugges- 
tions in foe draft- report, but 
foe Corporation denies a 
claim in an article published 
yesterday that it has already 
met to draw up a reply. 

Mr Brittan yesterday ac- 
cused a ‘"dirry tricks brigade” 
of being behind the report. 
“We are very fir from conclu- 
sions or recommendations”, 
he said.“A few ideas are being 
floated; even these are being 
reported in a malicious, dis- 
torted, selective and mischie- 
vous. way. There seems lo be a 
dirty tricks brigade at work.” 

.Asked who might be respon- 
sible, he said; “rm sure you 
can use your imagination.” 

Professor Peacock denied 

that such a draft report exist- 
ed. “I don’t know what report 
this is meant to be about. This 
is not an inspired leak, it did 
not come from me, and 1 was 
not approached : . . about it.” 

The television industry re- 
mains doubtful about which 
way other members of foe 
committee — Judith Chal- 
mers, foe broadcaster. Lord 
Quinton, President of Trinty 
College. Oxford, and Sir Peter 
Reynolds, foe businessman — 
ww go in the argument 

Professor Peacock denied 
yesterday any partnership be- 
tween him and Mr Brittan, 
and that there was any draft 
report which might be leaked. 
“We are obviously at the stage 
where we are drafting, but 
nobody outside foe committee 
has seen our work." 

Officers in Lambeth told 
councillors last year that they 
could fere a further demand 
for £800,000 in lost interest on 
top of the £200,000 in 
Thursday’s case. They also 
said that up to £30.000 pay- 
able in overtime lo staff who 
processed late rate demands 
might also be counted as a loss 
incurred through “wilful 

Councillors in Liverpool 
were told that similar and 
more successful rates defiance 
in 1984 had led to a loss of 
about £1.5 million. There 
were no court actions then, 
but last year's total loss is 
unlikely to be much less. 
Councillors who lost 
Thursday's appeal against 
auditors’ verdicts therefore 
Continued on page 2, col 2 

Two held in 
Palme case 

Copenhagen — Two men 
“of South European 
appearance”, arrested by Dan- 
ish police yesterday at foe port 
of Elsinore in connection with 
the murder of Olof Palme, the 
Swedish Prime Minister, were 
expected to be released after 
being questioned by Swedish 
policef Christopher Foflett 

Tory rebellion 

The Government was defeat- 
ed in a Commons committee 
on the Financial Services Bill 
when a rebel Conservative 
amendment was passed to put 
the Securities and Investment 
Board, the City's new regula- 
tory body, on a full statutory 

City fears wave 
of bankruptcies 
as tin talks fail 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

There were fears of wide- 
spread bankruptcies in foe City 
of London last night after talks 
to end the four-month-old tin 
crisis collapsed unexpectedly. 

The eleventh-hour failure of 
the talks is likely to trigger a 
sharp fell in world tin prices 
and heavy losses for brokers 
and their bankers unless nego- 
tiations are resumed quickly. 

Brokers and bankers believe 
foe failure of foe International 
Tin Council to agree on a 
settlement with its creditors to 
whom it owes £900 million 
could signal foe end of the 
London Metal Exchange be- 
cause its 26 members will be 
unable to settle their debts to 
each other. 

At least eight of foe LMFs 
members are at risk, either 
because they cannot meet their 
obligations if tin prices fall, -or 
because their parent compa- 
nies will prefer to allow them 
to go bankrupt. This in turn 
will ripple through the other 
commodity markets in which 
LME members deal and 
through foe foreign exchange 

There was much pessimism 
about foe chances of resuming 
talks. Mr Michael Metcalfe, a 
director of the metal broker 
Holco who helped to draw- up 
the rescue plan, said; “It’s 
going to take Dr Frankenstein 
to put this one back together." 

Mr Peter Graham, senior 
deputy chairman of Standard 
Chartered Bank and a guiding 
hand in foe rescue talks, said in 
a statement: “Under these 
circumstances and there being 
no alternative plan available, 1 
have informed foe Internation- 
al Tin Council and foe London 
Metal Exchange that the banks 
now consider themselves free 
to act in their best interests.” 

Brokers said this was a 
veiled reference to the banks 
selling the 50,000 tonnes of tin 
held as collateral for £350 
million in loans. 

But another leading broker 
was more optimistic. He said: 
“The pressure of foe price, and 
foe pressure of bankruptcies, 
and the sheer pressure of foe 
banks not having anyone to 
sell their tin to will bring 
everyone back to the table.” 

The crisis broke on October 
24 last year when foe ITC, 
which was charged under an 
international agreement wifo 
supporting the world tin price, 
annouced that it bad run out of 
money. The ITC consists of tin 
producing countries and tin 
consuming countries. 

Tin trading on foe LME has 
been suspended since then. 
The price of tin on suspension 
was £8,140 a tonne. By yester- 
day it had slipped to £6,000 
and a free for aJ in foe tin 
market could depress it to 
£4,000 or less. 

A free for all is possible 
because foe ITC has commit- 
ments to buy 67,000 tonnes of 
tin. worth £550 million when 
foe contracts were entered 
into, and stocks of 53,000 
tonnes. World production of 
tin has expanded rapidly in 
recent years. 

The danger now is that all 
this tin will come on to (he 
market. The plan which col- 
lapsed yesterday, however, was 
designed to avoid this by 
setting up a company, to be 
called TinCo. which would 
take over all foe ITCs obliga- 
tions and release tin on to foe 
market over several years. 

Mr Peter Graham said foe 
plan collapsed when Indone- 
sia, one of the world’s biggest 
tin producers, said it was 
unacceptable. Indonesia's dele- 
gates to foe ITC in London 
were astounded by their 
government's decision. The 
Indonesian decision is under- 
stood to have been based on 
doubts about the practicality of 
foe TinCo plan and reluctance 
(o provide £14 million towards 

Tory mood on BL bids 
favours British factor 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Cabinet committee on 
British Leyland met for an 
boar yesterday to consider a 
preliminary report on bids for 
parts of the company, but it 
emerged later that the political 
implications of a sale to Gen- 
eral Motors are considered 

With three by-elections 
pending, senior ministerial 
sources were saying that they 
would wish to keep the Party 
happy on BL, and that, if 
backbenchers were anything 
to go by, it would want to see a 
British element in the sale. 

It was thought last night 
that the political argument 
was being used most strongly 
by Mr Peter Walker, Secre- 
tary of State for Energy, and 
Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary 

of State for Soda! Services. 

In the Commons yesterday, 
Mr Paul Cbannoa, Secretary 
of State for Trade and Indus- 
try, was accused of misleading 
the House when he said on 
Wednesday that Lancashire 
Enterprises Ltd (LEL) had 
failed to express a firm indica- 
tion of a BL bid by the “close 
of play" on Tuesday. 

Mr Stanley Thome, the 
Labour MP for Preston, com- 
plained in an emergency ques- 
tion that LEL had sent a Telex 
message to Hill Samuel, the 
BL advisers, at 6.25 pm on 
March 4, confirming its 
interest before the midnight 

Mr Channon told the House 
that Hill Samcel had since 
offered LEL a meeting. 




Household policies 
head list of bogus 
claims for insurance 


FromFeterDareopoit Liverpool 

The human, cost of the Miliiaht activity in the city 

Fraudulent insurance 
. ' claims are increasing, parti cu- 
; larly in household policies. 
; according to the insurance 
. ombudsman. Mr James 
Haswell. in his report for 1985 
.. published yesterday. 

■ . Mr Haswell said; “There is 

; . •_ increasing evidence of fraudu- 
■; lent claims." 

Insurance companies would 
; ' have to carry out thorough 
investigations to eradicate the 
. swindling. Mr Haswell said. 
But the expenditure this 
' would involve and the diffi- 
■■ cully in obtaining the high 
’ ; standard of proof necessary 1 in 
1 criminal cases made this ira- 
* practical 

‘- 1 Premiums for household 
‘ * contents ‘ insurance policies 
have risen sharplv in the past 
year as a result of the increas- 

■ mg number of claims. 

Mr Haswell said he was 
■ ' “rather hom fied" at the rise in 
- premiums, which a spokes- 
man for the Association of 
;• - British Insurers said yesterday 
could be as much as 50 per 
‘ cent 

1 - - Insurance companies were 
• ■ * also strongly criticized by the 
1 - ombudsman in his annual 
•• ■ report for using highly mis- 

■ ■ ■ leading advertisements, par- 

By Lawrence Lever 
ticularly for household 


Mr Hasw-ell urged insurance 
companies not to make prom- 
ises which they cannot keep, 
and said the gap between the 
advertisments and reality con- 
tributed to the increase in 
inquiries he recei ved.“The ad- 
vertising campaigns intended 
for public consumption create 
high expectations by suggest- 
ing total protection, which is 
simply not available. When, 
inevitably, the customer is 
disillusioned, he is under- 
standably disappointed and 

lowed by motor insurance. 25 
per cent and life assurance 
with 16 percent 
The ombudsman urged in- 
surance companies to disclose 
their reasons for refusing to 

f irovide insurance cover, or 
or discontinuing a policy. 

the 647 cases considered 

for discontinuing a policy, 
unless there were special rea- 
sons for not doing so (for 
example, a proposer seeking 
health insurance could be 
terminally ill, but bad not 
been told). 

Mr Haswell said companies 
ought to make early payments 
in respect of the admitted part 
of claims, even in cases where 
there was likely to be a lengthy 


by Mr Haswell last year, 486 dispute over the remainder. 

were rejected, with 143 result- 
ing in the policy holder's 
complaint being upheld. 

The ombudsman deals with 

complaints from members of down. 

The ombudsman also criti- 
cized parents who insured cars 
owned by their children in 
order to bring the premium 


the public concerning deci- “There can be no two ways u-'iS’*.. 

cinnc lal’pn hu lfeimmna. flhnnf lhis_ it is rhentine T>w* 

sions taken by the 164 compa- about this, it is cheating. The 
nies and has power to make company is not being paid the 

awards of up to £100,000, but 
not against policy holders. 

Hie number of written in- 
quiries received by the om- 
budsman in 19S5 rose by 45 
percent, from 2, 105 in 1984 to 
3,054. Household insurance 
accounted for most of the 
inquiries, 41 per cent, fol- 

premium appropriate to the 
level of risk, and is entitled to 
void the policy in the case of 
an accident," he said. 

“And if that accident in- 

failed legal battle by 
Liverpool's 48 Labour coun- 
cillors against surcharge and 
disqualification began to sink 
in yesterday as they debated 
whether to fight oxr with a 

further appeal. . - 

The : High .Court decision 
means that they all now face 
debts of thousands of pounds 
which many dearly cannot 
pay without losing their sav- 
ings or selling homes and cars. 
The pressure from the legal 
action has led already to 
illness and marriage difficul- 

Mr John Hamilton, the 
non-Militant Labour leader of 
the city council, disclosed 
yesterday that he was so 
depressed in the immediate 
aftermath of the court judge- 
ment that he had contemplat- 
ed suicide. 

As he sat in bis office ip the 
municipal building yesterday 

before a gas fire he presented a baueh officeraod lecturer, 
sad and deflated figure. “I feel The worries and press 

very, very depressed as if the 
whole of my life's work has 

■■ . - I.- ’ . 'ir. whole of my life's work has 

! .=‘ . - . : ■ £ r 1 • • <'■ 1 come to nothing. Immediately 

Mr Norman Willis, general secretary of the TUC, with Mrs Vi Price, of Tpswich, Snfolk, ^ 

at Central Hall, Westminster, yesterday when he chaired the National Pensioners' had the courage. I would have 

Convention. committed suicide. _ 

volves a third party, the policy , 
holder may find himself pay - 1 
ing damages and costs out of 
his own pocket 

Pensions record defended 

India call 
to send 
Sikh back 

Spain to fight for 
Goya painting 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher last and he challenged her to £16 a week and would require 
ght defended the “have the decency" to match substantial increases in in- 
ternment's record on pen- that record. come tax and VAT. 

ms in the Commons before The Prime Minister She rejected renewed criii- 

By Geraldine Norman, Sate Room Correspondent 

*' India has asked Britain tc 
deport Mr Jaswant Singh 
,. ..Thekedar, a Sikh living in 
. Southall, west London, and 
. ..wanted by New Delhi for 
, alleged crimes . 

_ The Home Office is consid- 
ering the request. Mi 
Thekedar has applied for an 
. _ extension to stay in the United , 

The case of Mr Thekedar 
was raised yesterday in the 
-Indian parliament by MPs 
.-.demanding to know what 
action was being taken after 
. Mr Thekedar's alleged threat 

The Spanish Embassy is to emphasized yesterday that the 
fight for the recovery of Spanish were not challenging 

Goya's masterpiece. "La Mar- his client’s title to the picture, 
quesa de Santa Cmz”,in the The only point at issue was the 

■British High Court. 

The painting is scheduled 
for sale at Christie's on April U 
on behalf of Overseas Art. 
Investments, a Liberian-based 
company owned by one of 
Lord Wimborne's family 

Lord Wimbome bought the 
painting in 1983 from Pedro 
Saorin Bosch, a Spanish busi- 
nessman, who had obtained 
the export licence from 

legality of tbe export docu- 

“Their allegations are con- 
stantly changing", he said. 
"First of all they were all 
forgeries. Now the seals ait 
real and the signatures genu- 
ine but the forms strictly out 
of date." 

night defended the 
Government's record on pen- 
sions in the Commons before 
meeting leaders of the Nation- 
al Pensioners' Convention 
and rejecting their demands, 
which she told MPs would 
cost at least £20,000 million. 

During Question-Time 
clashes with Mr Neil Kinnock, 
she said pensions had gone up 
by 9 per cent more than prices 
and that the Government had 
brought down inflation which 
destroyed pensioners' savings. 

Mr Kinnock had accused 
her of deliberately ensuring 
that the value of pensions 
would be cut by 3 per cent next 
year. The last Labour govern- 
ment bad increased pensions 
by 20 per cent in real terms, 

— — * committed suicide." 

Mr Hamilton, a retired 
J ^ J teacher and Quaker, has been 
CT PH 11 PCI in local politics for 30 yeare. 

VXVtlUVU the same length of time he has 
^ served as a magistrate. 

„ Yesterday morning, he re- 

£16 a week and would require ceived a telephone call from 
substantial increases in in- the local chairman of the 

retortej-lamnotpreparedto dsro opposition MPs 
™ tack to the inflationary abouI ^ hea g£ aUowances 
policies Of the . last labour hv 

pouues (H «n lauour received by pensioners during 
government, which is a way to the recent Jold weather. 

destroy the savings of the , 

pensioners. It was prepared to . In the lifetime of the last 
create inflation to pay pension I f b p ur government the pnee 
increases and to pay for them °* electricity went up by 6 per 
Hv «iu> cent every four months.” si 

by debasing the savings of «5 ^ fo jF months,” she 
pensioners. That is a dishon- P™**" 1 8° v_ 

est policy.” 

eminent the price had gone up 

Before meeting a delegation onl y 6 cenl 
from the pensioners' conven- years - 

lion, led by Mr Norman Lord Soper, the Methodist 
Willis, TUC general secretary, campaigner, said yesterday 

wiius, 1 UL general secretary, campaigner, said yesterday 
she told MPs that their de- that concepts of privatization 
mauds would increase nation- and market forces had re- 

al insurance contributions for duced pensioners to “unhap- 
those on average earnings by pin ess and misery”. 

The main objections by the 
Danish were that the form: 

to kill Mr Rajiv- Gandhi, the’ I could be worth more 

Prime Minister. 

The Indian High Com mis-; 
- ,sion in London said the 
.. ■British Government had been 
told about 30 Sikh politicians. 

than £8 million. 

The Spanish authorities 
daim that the export docu- 
mentation is false and an; 
seeking a declaration to that 

, India wanted a number of effect in the High Court 

• ihncp inrlilHinn I 

.those, including Mr Thekedar, 
sent home. 

Lord Wimborne's solicitor, 
David Bates, of Freshfields* 

Spanish were that the form: 
used were out of date; that the 
licence was signed by the 
secretary general where ii 
should have been signed by 
the director general and thai 
the forms were headed Major- 
ca while Majorca did not have 
jurisdiction to deal with such £ 

Home sale Dock plan 

in training 



Sale room, page 14 

Lawyers among the critics 

Continued from page 1 

. limited range of serious cases, 
• we are shaking the very foun- 

Govemment is ditching one of guns. It gave a warning that 
the most fundamental safe- this would remove the differ* 

' dations of the English legal 

system". The White Paper indudes 

guards in our system of ential between punishment for 
— ** murder and for carrying a 

System . " u, w- caper muuucs 

*. Mr Robert MacLellan, the proposals to end jury triad for 

’SDFs Home Affairs spokes- common assault, driving 
•iman, described the White while disqualified, and 

•■paper as an unlucky dip of u^mmthorized taking of a 
,. random faction to the crime jjtotor vehicle. The moves are 


designed to ease the pressure 

The While Paper also came of work on Crown courts. 

; ..under attack from lawyers and 
,7 civil liberty groups over its 

An even more controversial 
proposal - widely criticized 

controversial proposal to re- when last mooted 10 years ago 
~ move the riaht to iurv trial for 7 suggests that in cases of theft. 

move the right to jury trial for 7 su e8csis max in cases or men, 
some minor offences induct- should only be 

ing some cases of theft. 

available where magistrates 

Mr David Cocks, QC, vice consider the offence to be one 
rih airman of the Criminal Bar exceptional gravity. After- 

Association, said that the idea natively it suggests defendants 

suggests def 

that jury trial in theft cases w*^ 1 , D0 previous _ conviction 
should be removed except f or . dishonesty being able to 

where the person has no msist on jury trial. 


Mr Tony Judge, the 
federation's spokesman, said: 
“The danger must be that the 
criminal trapped while carry- 
ing a gun does not appear to 
face any deterrent from using 
it or from killing. "The 
Government’s proposals on 
semendng were criticized by 
the National Association for 
the Care and Resettlement of 
Offenders (Nacro) which con- 
demned the Bill as a “ragbag” 
measure which had failed to 
deal with the central problem 
of the criminal justice system: 
the excessive use of custody. 

Mr Paul Cavadino, a Nacro 
research officer, said; "The 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspondent 

People who want to become 
licensed conveyancers through 
the Government's new legisla- 
tion ending the solicitors' mo- 
nopoly of house transfer work 
may have to waits little longer 
because the required training 
procedure has not yet been 

Dr Rachel Waterhouse, 
chairman of the Council for 
Licensed Conveyancers which 
was set up to supervise the new 
profession, yesterday warned 
potential conveyancers not to 
rush into training courses 
which may prove useless. 

One of the first tasks of the 
council, which had its inaugu- 
ral meeting earlier this week, 
will be to lay down the 
gmdellnes for the procedure 
under which they may qualify. 

Dr Waterhouse, chairman 
of the Consumers' Associa- 
tion, which played a leading 
part in the campaign to end the 
solicitors' monopoly, said: ! 
“People should understand 
that if they undertake any i 

previous conviction for dis- Society raid the 

honesty could be a “very was a major, 

j l j w wide-ranpjnp nonimml 

major sin of this Bill is one of I courees they may not 

^ *. f* <i I mlitr OMVirafl vmtn COHDCil 

dangerous road to go down.” . ” . document 

“If you say jury trial is w hich would require detailed 

reserved for the man of good and careful ransideration. But 
character but denied the crook Mr Andrew Lockley, secretary 

that could lead to all kinds of society s litigation com- 


mittee, added that in the past 

• The Criminal Bar Associa- ^ society had in genera} been 
tion was also against any opposed to any whittling 

proposal to abolish the away" of an individual's rights 
defendant's right to challenge, to tnal by jury- 

; he raid. “ It might be a blunt It appreciated the Problem it h«vm= srhi<*w of the pressure of work on the 

instrument but it does achieve of the pressure of work on the 
'a rough sort of equality, and Crown court. but would be 

» you cannot criticize peopie for considering uigi ng the Gov- 
■ >hoir riohtc mvf»n hv firnmciit to look at an alterna- 

■ exercising their rights given by 
- tew." 

it an altema- 
easing that 

• He pointed out that if the pressure, such as limiung the 
right was abolished, the number of cases committed by 
... - *« »i>» Crown 

Crown would be put in a niagistraies to the 
superior position. Both sides * or sentence* 
would be able to challen^ for Those cases were referrred 

cause, or with reason, but the bec-a use the magistrates 
Crown in certain kinds of thought an appropriate penal- 

ceases would be able to exercise jy ,'* as beyond their powers 
its right also to vet jurors. but in the majority of cas«, 
Criticisms also came from tne sentence imposed at the 

..the National Council for Civil crown court was within their 
Liberties. Ms Sarah Spencer. P^JJfrs* “f. ^ 

itsgeneral secretary, said : “By . T |je Police Fedwation crili- 
outtine efficiencv. moderniza- ersed the White Papers pro- 

: -putting efficiency, modemiza- ersea tne wane capers pro- 
.tion and cost-cutting above posal empowering judges to 
the right to jury trial, the pass life sentences for canying 

omission. Its failure to pro- 
vide a coherent strategy to 
reduce the use of custody by 
our courts is very disturbing." 

In particular he attacked the 
proposals on sentencing 
young offenders, which would 
have the effect of increasing 
the use of custody when the 
courts already used imprison- 
ment “on a far wider scale 
than any other European 
country" even though it was 
“completely ineffective in pre- 
venting reoffending." 

He welcomed however 
plans to make sentencing 
more consistent by putting 
Court of Appeal guidelines to 
judges within a statutory 

. However, the measures to 1 
strengthen the rights of vic- 
tims and ensure them greater 
compensation were generally 

But proposals to increase 
compensation orders and put 
the Criminal Injuries Com- 
pensation Board on a statu- 
tory basis only helped those 
victims who pursued their 
ca»*!es through the courts. 

fully accord with council 

The cotmtil said that it 
knew of a few courses which 
had been advertised, hot none 
had been approved officially. 
The council has been given two 
years to establish the profes- 
sion, but a derision on training 
is expected before the end of 
this year. 

The committee set up by the 
Government to carry out re- 
forms to conveyancing prac- 
tice, to simplify and speed it 
up, has began its work. The 
Law Commission's Convey- 
ancing Standing Committee, 
led by Professor Julian 
Farrand, first met last Novem- 
ber, although it did not have a 
non-solicitor conveyancer 
among its members because 
the CbuncD for Licensed Con- 
veyancers had not then been 

The standing committee 
also has a two-year time-scale 
in which to produce reforms, 
and says that as. well as 
accelerating and simplifying 
the process, it wants a reduc- 
tion in the cost of conveyanc- 

By George HiQ 

A spirited attack on oppo- 
nents of the Canary Wharf! 
development scheme in the 
London docklands was made 
yesterday by Dr David Owen, 
leader of the Social Democrat- 
ic Party. 

It was made just before 
Parliament was to -debate a 
Bill to approve an under- 
ground extension to the light 
railway scheme which tbe 
project’s promoters say is 

“The Labour Left do not 
want to see the mixed econo- 
my thrive in inner London - 
and surprise, surprise, the City 
of London itself is finding 
technical reasons to oppose a 
scheme which might affect its 
pre-eminence as a financial 
centre”. Dr Owen said at a 
press conference about unem- 
ployment in London. 

And Mr Mike Thomas, 
former SDP MP for Newcas- 
tle-upon-Tyne East, com- 
mented: “The scheme is going 
to provide as many jobs as the 
British end of the Channel 
Tunnel project, and 21,000 
jobs wfll be for local people.” 

He works for Dew 
Rogerson, a public relations 

Walker is 
out of 
No 10 race 

magistrates bench ordering 
him not to sit again. 

Mr Hamilton, a bachelor, 
said: “You feel ashamed. Yon 
feel the stigma. On Tuesday I 
was in court as a magistrate 
and on Wednesday .1 was in 
tbe dock. 

“It is not just the foci of tbe 
guilty verdict bur the extent of 
the punishment. We are being 
hung for a sheep. 

“If I have to pay the costs it 
would take all my savings and 
mean the selling of my terrace 
house. I will be left with 
nothing. I will be homeless.” 

Had it, then, been all worth- 

“If you believe in a princi- 
ple you sometimes have to 
sacrifice things. You could ask 
the men who fought in. the last, 
war if it was all worth losing 
lives for. Somebody had to 
stand up and say things were ' 
wrong in this city. It would 
have been a dereliction of my 
duly in public office- not to 
have said.” The effects of 

By Anthony Bevins 

The worries and pressure 
over the outcome of ibeir legal 
fight and tbe prospects of 
financial ruin bavealso led to 
at least three councillors suf- 
fering heart attacks, marital 
problems, tension in their 
homes and, for the self-em- 
ployed. worries about the 
future of their business. One 
councillor, Mr John Linden, a 
solicitor, could find his career 
ruined by personal bankrupt- 

After the court, case, the 
councillors face a bill totalling 
£350.000 made up of the 
£106.000 demanded by the 
district auditor, their own 
legal costs of £130.000 ami 
£114,000 for the costs of the 
auditors officA in the anion. 

An appeal by tbe Labour 
councillorsi raised about 
£120,000 for a fighting fund 
but that included £50.000 
from the Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers' Union which 
-will have to be paid back. 

They now have four weeks 
to decide whether they have to 
fight on with the knowledge 
that a further, lost appeal 
could set them back another 
£250.000. Thai money would 
have to be found before 
lawyers would take on the 
case. The effect of 
Wednesday's judgement 
means that if there- are coun- 
cillors with no cash or assets 
then those with savings, their 
own homes and cars will have 
to pay a larger slice of the bill. 

Mr Peter Walker, Secretary 
of State for Energy, last night 
ruled himself out of any long- 
term challenge for the Conser- 
vative leadership. i 

Asked on the Central Tele- 
vision Central Lobby pro- 
gramme whether he would 
like the job, be said: “No, I 
wouldn't actually.” 

He also said: “The next 
leader of the Tory Party is 
probably someone we have 
not even spotted yet. 

“Nobody spotted that Alec 
Douglas-Home would become 
leader of the Tory Party. 
Nobody spotted that Margaret 
Thatcher would become lead- 
er of the Tory Party.” 

Mr Walker, aged 53, said 
that as the father of five, aged 
between eight months and 15 
years, he valued his time with 
his wife and family. 

He said “I have been close 
enough to prime ministers, 
including this one. to see the 
unbelievable sort of burden 
upon a prime minister in 
terras of pressure of work. 

“I have enjoyed politics 
because I have been asked to 
do some of the big jobs and 
that has been marvellous. But 

Auditor predicts huge 
bills for rate rebels 

Continued from page 1 

face a mounting spiral of bills 
for losses and of costs of 
fighting them uHXMirt. 

Despite publicly ridiculing 
well-known councillors like 
Mr Ted Knight, the Lambeth 
leader, and Mr Derek Hatton, 
theLiverpool deputy leader, 
ministers are wary of a public 
backlash that might follow the 
issuing of giant bifls-to other 
council members. 

banning for the 28 days al- 
lowed for deciding whether io 
appeal But if they foil to 
appeal they will be out of 
office just before Easter. That 
would leave Lambeth in the 
hands of a Conservative ma- 
jority. Power in Liverpool 
would go to Liberals who 
would be opposed by Conser- 
vatives and Labour moder- 

they include a greengrocer, 
a bus driver, single parents 

But regular elections are due 
for all Lambeth seats early in 
May so' that Labour could 

and several who are out of soon return to power. A third 
work. Mr John Hamil ton, the of Liverpool seats are up for 

Liverpool leader, is a retired 
teacher who said that the court 
judgment would make him 
homeless. Mrs Pat Williams, 

election at the same time. If 
the rebels all manage to appeal 
they could, depending on the 
courts' timetable, lend off 

aged 66, a former mayor of banning for long enough to 
Lambeth, lives in a council fight the May^ elections. 

1 have eTJ j°y c * i just as much 
^ h Si^ng viewpoints, writing 

giving Yiewjxnnts, writing 
Dr Owen claimed that the ^ Tha^^sionate 1 

HEPS *■*« to a** an enormous I 

mw»^vPthi» worW oad when I. enjoy thor- 
ftte ougfaly the political position 

British Establishment”. 

The City Corporation has 
opposed the Underground ex- 
tension to the line on the 
ground that it might weaken 
the foundations of the Man- 
sion House, and there are 
similar fears about the risk to 
four Wren churches. 

Because Mrs Thatcher had 
no intention of leaving the 
leadership before the next 
election, and because she 
would see off any intervening 
challenge, the possibility of an 
unpredictable succession 
looked increasingly likely. 

flat and has had to use a 
wheelchair for almost half of 
her life. 

Although allowed to appeal, 
it is unlikely that many of the 
councillors will find enough 
money to continue the case. 
Losses on the scale found 
again st them on Thursday 
trigger automatic disqualifica- 
tion from all council office for 
five years. 

They should be safe from 

. '•The judgment against 
Liverpool and Lambeth led 
yesterday to the speeding up of 
a case brought by the rate- 
capped Labour London bor- 
ough of Islington against the 
spending squeeze imposed by 
ministers. In a case simil ar to 
several brought by rates rebels 
last year, the council claim ed 
that the Government had 
imposed its rate damp with- 
out proper negotiation. 

Tricksters left Airport-style 
kind priest coach station 

Opponents heartened 
by shops Bill delay 

deep in debt recommended 

By oar Political Reporter 

Conservative opponents of mem will be made, although 
Sunday trading were heart- ministers believe that much 

ened yesterday by tbe will be depend on whether the 
Government's decision to de- rebels can agree among ihem- 

lay the second reading of the selves on a suitable compro- 
shops Bill until after the Easter mise. 

75% OFF RRP 


Union claim on fall in 
papers’ sales denied 

ffiassasAK SSi 

simiTon^e allowed to open four hours on 

222? ,2? J w “ cb ^ Sundays is under discussion at 
X“lo££ P passage “ • the Home OfficTXruijh 

By Alan Hamilton 

Starting from under £25 
for Persian Rugs 

PERSIAN ISPH AN SIZE 5' 6“ x 3' 6' £1100 

SIZE 5'6'x3’6 r £1250 

Great opportunity for Bargain Hunters 


Offers welcome 

Unions in dispute with Mr 
Rupen Murdoch's News In- 
ternational claimed in a news- 
letter yesterday that sales of 
the company's four titles 
printed at the new plant at 
Wapping had fallen since the 
move. . 

Sales of The Sun could be as 
low as 2.5 million, compared 
with 4.1 million at the begin- 
ning of the year, and printing 
of the Men's Of The World was 
down from 5 million copies to 
3 million, according to the 

. A spokesman for News 
International said the claims 

were “rubbish”. 

“We are achieving a foil 
print run of The Sun everyday 
in London and Glasgow, and 
we are satisfied that it is selling 
close to the 4. 1 million it was 
achieving before the move. As 
for the News Of The World, we 
achieved a run last weekend of 
5.1 million, which is only 
slightly down on normal ” 

After Monday night's ex-, 
ploratory talks between News 
International and Mr Norman 
Willis, TUC general secretary, 
the two sides are still in touch 
and are expected to meet again 

Some MPs said last night 
that the decision not to take 
the second reading next week 
was confirmation that the 
campaign against full Sunday 
trading which has been gather- 
ing steam in parliament and 
outside was begining to influ- 
ence ministers. 

The Government still has 
hopes of getting the Bill 
through without serious 
amendment but senior minis- 
terial sources have admitted 
that the going will be tough 
and that tne report stage of the 
Bill will be particularly diffi- 

It is expected that at that 
point any substantial conces- 
sion forced on the Govem- 

ministers have emphasized 
that they have no favoured 

candidate for a concession. 

Some Conservative MPs 
are still pressing hard for local 
authorities to be given the 
discression to deride whether 
shops should open on Sun- 
days. which is opposed in the 
Home Office. 

A kindly priest who gave 
away thousands of pounds 
from church funds fell victim 
to tricksters who heard of his 
generosity, a court was told 

In little more than a year, 
the bank balance of St Helen's 
Church, north Watford, where 
Father Bernard Bussy, aged 
74. had been a priest for 30 
years, fell £118,000 to 
£123.000 in debL 

Mr Piers Reed, for the ! 
prosecution, told St Albans 
Own Court that the case 
involved “two extremes of 
human behaviour". 

One was the gullibility of a 
Roman Catholic priest trained . 
to believe in his fellow man 
and' who believed it was his 
Christian duty to help people. 

“The other extreme was the 
callousness of the 

Mr Ivor Stanbrook, Conser- 
vative MP for Orpington, a 
leading organizer of the parlia- 

leading organizer of the parlia- 
mentary opposition said last 
night “I am much 'more 
optimistic now both as a result 
of the decision to delay the Bill 
and on conversations with 
ministers. I believe they are 
sincerely trying to accommo- 
date us if possible." 

Fourteen men appeared at 
the court for sentence on 37 
charges of obtaining money by 
deception. They bad received, 
more than £50.000 from Fa- 
ther Bussy. 

At an earlier hearing Father 
Bussy who has retired and 
lives in Cumbria, said: **I am 
not really interested with fi- 
nancial matters. 

■ A coach station in central 
.London with the atmosphere 
of. an airport terminal' was 
recommended in a report to 
London Regional ‘Transport 
yesterday, the possible' sites 
,are at King’s Cross, Padding- 
ton and White City.' 1 
. The report, by the consul- 
tants. • Steer. Davies and 
Gleave, said the - Terminal 
could provide a high quality 
environment for the traveller 
similar to an airport. 

It would . also relieve the 
growing pressure on Victoria 
coach station, already operat- 
ing to capacity. - - 

The report, part of a study 
of- London's coach terminal 
needs, wifi be studied in detail 
along with the prospects for 
each of the . three short-listed 

^ Two of the' sizes. King's 
Cross and White City. . are 
owned by British Raft, which 
gave a lukewarm reception to 
the report. 

But it said it was willing to 
jook ai : any proposals, to 
improve Its financial poatios. 

BOOta b;b Ft* BO; 
Canute*. Pea aoo- 

Judge Michael Hi ckman 
said he would sentence 'the 
men. all from the Watfonl 
area, today. - . 

9 . 06 : - - 

SI. 76 

■ Swt t acrtawd - S 
Dm 8000: OM 
Dta- 400. 


had been effectively to dis- 
credit councillors like himsdf 
who ' did not support the 

Wily 14 Of the 45 council- 
lors are MHitant supporters 
and they, include Mr 
Hamilton’s deputy. Mr Derek 
Hatton. . 

' Mr Hamilton said the “taint 
of Militant bad stained the 
city" and that without them 
council policies may have 
been ihe samc, but the tactics 

Other councillors were re- 
flecting last night on the costs 
of their delay in setting a rate 
test year. Of the 48. 34 of them 
five m their own homes while 
the rest have council houses. 

Thirty-five are married and 
22 have children. Four are 
retired, 15 unemployed and 
the others hold .jobs including 
local government officer, 
docker, solicitor, fireman, pro- 

A fur 


• ***1 




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: i* 

• * 

% 1 


* s . 

• ,\v.* v : 

v;.- 7 

' ••• . X ~ ; **t< * 

** '« ■ ^ 




? e *E 

red ins Si 
rate rc-be 




:ould encourage loan 
sharks, Borne says 

People could be^forced to ' 
rely on illegal moneylenders | 
. and loan sharks if new credit. I 
restrictions were imposed. Sir ] 
Gordon Borne, director gener- -1 
al. of the Office .’ of Fair - ] 
Trading, .said yesterday. 

Speaking in Birmingham, ’ 
he called for more caution -in < 
granting credit, for a modifica- 
tion in marketing . practices ; 
and for help to those with debt i 

“No one can put the clock j 

- back to Victorian attitudes of ■. 
tilrift, nor should they try, but . 
in limes of high interest rates 

it is absurd for credit market- 

- ing to go to the lengths it now . 

■ does.” 

He branded 1 as 

■ “irresponsible” mortage lend- . 

- ers who take on house owners 

- with -very tight budgets and 
who give 100 per cent mort- 
gages to young couples. 

While bouses still increased 

- in value in most areas, it was 
now at a lower rate than in the 

> credit-boom years in the 
1970s. He added: ; “There 
should be less ambitious rhet- 
' oric about rapidly expanding 

- home ownership.” 

“We should not be compla- 

- cent about the extent of 

- consumer' indebtedness and 

- over-commitment and the 
continuing pressure from re- 
tailers, credit card companies 

, • and advertising to buy now 
and pay later.” 

Consumer credit stood at a 
. startling £22 billion, the real 


■ link for 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

. A new computer system will 
allow industrialists to discov- 
er in seconds details of the 
latest technological develop*. 
•■» men is at British universities. 

; ‘ More than £2,000 million is 

• ’ spent oh publicly-funded re- 
’. search, but it has long been 

believed in government and 
industry that university dis- 
.. coveries are not being devel- 
oped into products. In general, 

; Britain has a poor record in 
what is called technology 
transfer, compared with the 
.Americans ana. the Japanese. ; 

. . . ' i :* ■> l - r . 1 

* The contpoter service, in- 
spired by a committee indod- 
mg academics and radusay- 
representatives, is to be called 
British Expertise in Science 

' and Technology (Best). ■ 

- The system has been devd- 
‘ oped and marketed by 

* Longman Cartermin, part of 
. the Longman group, and con- 
: tains details of researchers. 

* services and fecilities avail- 
able in universities, polytech- 
nics and government research .. 

- establishments. 

It is hoped the service will 
. forge hew partnerships be- 
tween industry and academ- 
’ ics. Longman Canennill said: 
“Many British companies al- 
ready look to academic or 
. government .research eslab- 

* lishments for. consultancy ser- 

* vices, or specialist equipment 

“Potentially almost every 

* industrial. and co mme rcial or- 
ganization in Britain can ben- 
efit from the skills and 
facilities in our universities 
and colleges, skills and feob- 
ties covering a broad range ot 

By Derek Harris, Commercial Editor 

valiie of debt having risen by a 
half between 1981 and 198S, 
he said. Excluding mortgages, 
the average debt per house-' 
-hold exceeded £ 1.000 for the 
first time in 1984. 

. The number of credit 
'.‘casualties” must be 
considerabte.Consumer and 
trade bodies were concerned 

But he said the suggestion of 
credit limit insurance cards 
could result in “a kind of 
apartheid, where those with- 
out appropriate credit qualifi- 
cations would be tempted to 
fall back on moneylenders and 
loan sharks”. 

Criticizing the “steady drip 
of encouragement and over- 

aboutthegowth of consumer £ SSSSS that 
debt problems, ^said- : comes comes from so many 

The Finance. House Asso- quarleR! « sir Gordon said 
nation, the trade body for ^ responsible trade bodies, 
companies specializing m sboulddo more to modify all 
credit such as hire purchase, . haf 5 ,^^ 
had reported arrears growing maiaCUmy ' 
from 5 per cent to 7 per cent of “If they do not the social 

all consumer accounts during harm may spill over mto a 
the period 1979 to 1984. In the bnild-up of resentment to- 

js : \ * * --v. • ' ' 

. 'if i 

"S’ ' • ' 

v£- V..b • • 

More pick 

•V' v t 
.* ”¥<*• 


:;;'y :?■ 

same period the number of wards ere 
- budding society - loans that as well i 
were six to -.12 months in that can I 
arrears mounted by nearly five ad van tag 
times to 41,900. In 1984 industry j 
nearly 1 1,000' properties were ParUamei 
repossessed, four times more strain ts tl 
than the number in 1 979. ing than i 
Yet people were still being He pr 
told that a -mortgage could courts at 
often cost little more than fare offic 
paying rent. Sir Gordon said. ment of 
“But what about repairs and win, resi 
maintenance and insurance? debtors 1 
“What is needed to reduce given by 
hardship is a greater recogni- forindep 
lion by the financial institu- agencies, 
lions that the continuing' 
growth of the credit society Sir Go 
has serious dangers. Private hope, we 
and governmental bodies freedom 
must control the excesses of try hard 
trading practice and give aid geueratic 
to the casualties.” wisely." 

wards creditors, the reputable 
as well as the disreputable, 
that can be commercially dis- 
advantageous to the credit | 
industry and, who knows, lead | 
Parliament to impose, re- j 
strain ts that are more inhibit- : 
ing than self-restraint.” 

He proposed that county 
courts appoint personal wel- 
fere officers, a court enforce- 
ment office be established 
with responsibility to guide 
debtors and cash backing be 
raven by financial institutions 
for independent money advice 

Sir Gordon added: “If. as I 
hope, we do not restrict the 
freedom to borrow, we must 
try harder to help the next 
generation to use that freedom 

Karen Brices of HulL aged 22, the nnder-48 kilo women's world judo champion, 
light workw practice for the Women's European Championships at Crystal Palace on 
^ March IS and 16. 

Man ‘felt he was 

Dead girl’s 

Titanic’s captain’ 

A. lay minister told the Knight discuss reincarnation £ 9 * T w 

Coroner’s toy plea 
after boy chokes 

A. lay minister told the 
egfanierp trial : that a friend Of 
the accused believed he was 
the reincarnation of the 
Titanic's captain. 

The friend. Tommy Spun; 
had founded his own religious 
sect and was definitely head- 
ing towards' satanism, Mr 
John Celia said at Maidstone 
Crown Court yesterday. 

Derry Main waring Knight, 
aged 46, of Dormans Land, 
Surrey, denies 19 charees of 
obtaining more than £ 200,000 
by deceptibnfrom committed 

- He 'claims he spent the 
money on buying satanic rega- 
lia to free 1 himself -from the 
control, of the devil, But tlm 
prosecution alleges be spent it 
on* high living, ,fesi cars and 


Mr Celia, of Corby, North- 
amptonshire, said he had 
heard Mr Spurr and Mr 

Knight discuss reincarnation 
and had tried to discourage 

“Tommy Spurr believed he 
was the reincarnation of the 
captain of the Titanic. There , 
was a small religious sect that i 
Tommy .had started up with 
some others which discussed 
these things- 

“There was a reference from 
Tommy about a third eye. 
They were talking about auras 
round people and . being able 
to tell the spirituality jrf a 
person through the aura” , Mr 
Celia said. 

Mr Celia, cross-examined 

by Mr Michael West, QC for 
the defence, said that although 
Mr Knight was a great friend, 
he was “a strange individual' 
and prone to exaggeration”. 

■’ Mr Celia, described himself 
as a lay minister not attached 
.to any particular Christian 

The trial continues. 

Transplant surgeons 
criticized by parents 

_ ' _ c rw riA.mlic Hiamlim 

The parents of a road 
accident victim whose organs 
were removed for transplant 
without their permission have 
criticized surgeons at Charing 
Cross Hospital, London, m a 
letter to a coroner. 

Mr and Mrs Harry 
McWilliams, of Regent Ave- 
nue, Hillingdon, west London, 
did not know that their son, 
Paul WilUams, aged 32, had 
been killed until a week after 
the accident last July. 

By that time their son, who 
was not carrying identification 
or a donor card, had had his 
heart, kidneys and liver re- 

Dr Douglas Chambers, the 
coroner, recorded a verdict of 
accidental death at an inquest 
in Hammersmith, west Lon- 
don, yesterday. 

The letter said:“We think it 
was wrong of surgeons to 
remove organs without our 
permission. If that is the law 
the law should be changed.” 

Dr John Burton, the regular 
Hammersmith coroner, who 
was criticized for authorizing 
the transplants, said last 
summer that the Human Tis- 
sue Act, 1961, did not use the 
word “permission” but “ddes 
not object”. If relatives could 
not betound, hospitals were in 

A dental lecturer accused of 
murdering his adopted daugh- 
ter told a court yesterday that 
he believed she was alive and 
well somewhere in Sicily. 

Dr Samson Perera said he 
left Nilanthie, aged 13. in 
Sicily with his brother who 
was due to take her back to her 
native Sri Lanka. 

Mr Perera, aged 43, of 
Stillwell Drive, Wakefield, 
Yorkshire, denies murdering 
the girt The prosecution al- 
leges he hacked her body into 
105 pieces and hid them in 10 
different places. 

Mr Perera told the jury at 
Leeds Crown Court that bones 
found under the floorboards at 
his home were skeletal materi- 
al he. used for leaching and 
research. ■ 

Mr Humphrey Potts, QC, 
for the prosecution, suggested 
that Mr Perera dug up the 
girl's body from a grave that 
he had made behind his garage 
after the police began investi- 
gating her disappearance. 

Mr Perera’s wife, 
Dammika, aged 34, denies 
assisting him by impeding his 
arrest and both deny obstruct- 
ing a coroner. 

Bullion dealer 
faces seizure 

The Official Receiver has 
appointed the accountancy 
company, Deloitte Haskins 
and Sell's, to trace and seize 
the assets of the missing 
bullion dealer, Mr Harvey 
Michael Ross. 

Mr Ross, aged 38, vanished 
last month a few days after 
meeting Inland Revenue offi- 
cials to discuss an apparent £1 
million tax discrepancy. He 
had also been due to appear in 
the High Court al Leeds to 
answer a bankruptcy petition. 

New powers to keep toys 
that kill out of Britain were 
called for yesterday by Mr 
Philip Gill. West Yorkshire 
coroner, at an inquest in Leeds 
on a boy aged five months 
who died after swallowing 
nylon hairs from a Taiwariese 
toy pony. 

Alexander Kettlewell was 
admitted to hospital after 
strands from the musical toy’s 
mane caught at the back of his 
throat, causing heart failure 
and brain damage. He died 
four days later, on December 
20 last year. 

Mr John Bennett, West 

Yorkshire's chief trading stan- 
dards officer, said that after 
the death his staff studied the 

toy and visited more than 100 
shops in the area to try 10 get 
them off the shelves. 

Mr Gill suggested it would 
be easier to irace such toys if a 
monitoring body was set up 

Recording a verdict of mis- 
adventure, Mr Gill said he 
would inform the Department 
of Trade about the death and 
suggest a review of sections of 
the Consumer Safety Act, 
1978. to help trading stan- 
dards officers. 

The child was taken to 
hospital after his mother, Mrs 
Sharon Kettlewell. of North 
Lane, Roundhay, Leeds, 
found he had stopped breath- 
ing while playing with the 

poll finds 

By Our Commercial 

More Britons are planning 
holidays within England this 
year, according to a survey 
from the English Tourist 

Some reports say bookings 
are up by a tenth or more 
compared with this time last 

After February's severe 
cold, most English resorts say 
they expea bookings to in- 
crease and put 1986 business 
at least on a par with last year 
which, in spite of all the rain, 
is said to have been exception- 
ally good for domestic tour- 

Ladbroke Holidays report- 
ed bookings up 12 per cent 
and Wallace Arnold were up 
10 per cent, the survey 

A number of resorts, among 
them Scarborough. Southport, 
Brighton, Hastings and Black- 
pool. reported a bigger de- 
mand for brochures. 

The survey results were 
announced at an awards cere- 
mony for Bridlington and 
Torbay, winners of an ETB 
competition for the best ideas 
10 develop resorts. 

• Untreated sewage is being 
discharged into the sea close to 
more titan 80 English and 
Welsh holiday beaches, a con- 
sumer organization claimed 

Holiday Which?, published 
by the Consumers Associa- 
tion, blames the Government 
for “dodging" EEC rules de- 
signed 10 limit such pollution. 

Sewage is discharged in 
such holiday areas as Bourne- 
mouth. Lyme Regis, Paignton, 
on the south coast, and Pen- 
zance, Newquay, Boscastle 
and Lynmouth. in the West 
Country, Holiday Which? 

But Holiday Which? accepts 
that the health danger is small. 

Jail for 




By Ronald Faux 
Computer “hacking", gain- 
ing unauthorized access to 
other people's computer sys- 
tems. should be declared a 
crime punishable by limited 
fines or up to two years » 
prison, according to the Scot- 
tish Law Commission. 

The consultative paper, 
published yesterday and to be 
circulated throughout Scottisn 
legal, computer, business ana 
commercial communities, 
points out that “hacking is 
not in itself a crime. 

Mrs Annella Cowan, senior 
legal assistant to the commis- 
sion. said: “If property is not 
removed it does not count as 
theft, if records are not- inter- 
fered with for gain it is not 
fiaud and if nothing is dam- 
aged it is not vandalism SO it 
does not look as if a crime has 
been committed. 

“ Evesdropping on a com" 
puter does not seem to be 
criminal so it could require 
special provision like tele- 
phone tapping." 

Sheriff Gordon Nicholson. 
QC. speaking in Edinburgh 
yesterday, said that hacking 
into someone else’s system 
was easy and more computer 
enthusiasts were doing it. All 
they needed was a home 
computer and a modem de- 
vice selling at less than £ 100 . 
While a lot of hacking has 
been done for sheer fun there 
were undoubtedly some peo- 
ple who would seek to use the 
activity as a form of industrial 

He said that hackers had 
their own bulletin board to let 
other enthusiasts know how 
and where to break into a 

In the commercial and 
banking world, the Audit 
Commission in England and 
Wales found a reluctance 
among viaims to admit that 
they had been the subject of 
computer fraud. 

Theft for Argentina 

Marine engine parts were 
stolen from the Ministry of 
Defence and sold to ihe 
Argentine navy after the Falk- 
lands conflict in defiance of an 
embargo. Warwick Crown 
Court was told yesterday. 

Rodney Bagguley, of 
Highfield Road, Daventry, 
Northamptonshire, a former 
foreman at the Rolls-Royce 
plant at Ansty, Warwickshire, 
admitted stealing 

thecomponemsin December 
1983 and corruptly accepting 
payments for supplying confi- 
dential Rolls-Royce docu- 

He was paid a total of 
between £40 and £70 for the 
components which were then 
sold to the Argentine navy for 

Bagguleywas sentenced ' to 
. 18'tnonths in prison suspend- 
ed for a year. 


By Oar Transport Editor' 

Plans are afoot to extend the ^th a fleet of 15 Viscounts, 
life of the Vickers Viscount Britain ' S biggest Discussions 
beyond the year 2000. The were already under way with 
nrotwet aircraft entered ser- 3 ^^ Aerospace, he said, 
vice in July 1950. and there were “very strong 

But any life extension pro- indications” that a pro- 
gramme would have to be gramme would emerge with 

^ _ .a u. «Iia Piirfl AVIS-- Tt _ AilAiitn 1 S vPAfC tft 

and there were “very strong 

gr^mT would” have to' be SarnDM* would emerge with the Viscount has been cycles, 
approved by the Civil Avia- gjeaim of adding 15 years to Bntam s mast , - M1 . 

SS- Prison killing 

SStid SfJ^peater risk to yg^rfd. . mncebecause of its propeller John Harty, a^d30scrv 

nuMnam than in any other 3 Pft c S ible areas to be engines. ing a 10 -year sentence fo 

strengthened include wing ! 
spars, which suffer severe 
buffeting over a long flying 
life, and fuselage skin which 
can be weakened by constant 
changes in pressure. 

With more than 440 built, 
the Viscount has been 
Britain’s most successful civil 
airliner. British Air Femes 

Bullet escape If you’re a businessman trading inter- 

A motor-cyclist was slightly nationally, you’ll be aware of the problems of 

exchange rate fluctuations. 

. Foreign currency options offer security and 
Street, central London. The flexibility in protecting your foreign contracts, 
thieves escaped on motor Howevej; until recently they were available only 

, for larger amounts. 

wuiuu uw o": _ 

passengers than in any other 

a *Uke* every aircraft old or 
‘ new the Viscounts would 
have to secure annua] 
" certificate of airworthiness to 

go on flying. In addition, old 
aircraft 3 types undogo a 
“structural integrity audit . 

- -In theory, there is no 

reason why an aircraft should 

not go on for ever wth 
’ continuous replacements^ 
the authority _ saja 
vesterday.“In practice, t 
point comes when owners find 
it too expensive. ^ 

The plans were disclosed oy 


PriSOIl ki lling Qur new Bearer Exchange Rate Option 
bjf (BERO) Certificates are available at pr^ent for 

malicious wounding, was both US Dollars and Deutschemarks. They can 
SErf be bought through any Barclays branch, or direct 

wight, yesterday. Another 33 authorised branches covering the UK 
prisoner was qoestioned by ^ channd Islands . 

Jeeps sues 

‘What are BEROs? 

The Vickers Vscount, flying since 195@. 

, — - . j- ■ yv 1 1u .11 uu* wv — - — / 

to ^ until the expiry date (approximately six months). 

being married for 1 8 months, -rupy rQ^ in >5 000 denominations and you can 
because of flEpperf unreason- , I 

able behaviour. buy up to 20 at any one time. 

Tralnsmove towards airline-style catering BEROs provide protection against US$/£ 

X By Michael Bafly, Transport Editor # and DM/£ exchange rate fluctuations. Each 

g and dolling food a«»is at buffets asd on tn- ^ BERO guarantees the price at which you can buy 

fey®- haps there will be straw n tjc£ or tw against £5,000 at any time 

Bug on trams for ^ Samaa promised an baiters andlots of coloor, Mr or ^ ^ * ’ 1 

iff et service- «d to foodless expresses from SniM er said. until expiry date, 

n pint is to end the this summer, with M meals . 

Bt'SrJS ^ JSfflSB What are the Buyer’s obligations? 

Lm&U «-«#-,-£ MCS All you pay is the initial premium, with no 
:w Inter-City cater- remain Jjjd Shrewslmiy during ti» next 12 commitment to the rate orto buy or sell currency. 

aiSs tatarfwSgfop. am * bs - The certificate is a bearer instrument which you 

step toroids girl me^pj* ^ 

tering with » M" 


Manchester rente. 

waiter service m ^er, BR*s new U er-Utty rater- 

Forothereti»«e«J I |^™^ I|d ^ manager, saH 
croui meals at ttegow""* of food will 

to an adjoining cat® 01 ® ** increase wMi W 

Abort £12 WaSifrto. venison,, kebab 

.Ssaffjjssn:. .“r 

at fineside catering rerties, 
then reheating on trams for 
trofley or bnffet service. 

BR*s v«‘"i fh" is to end foe 
n ^maiiwMUfe" ' I *« 
ter-Cfry ratermg, fl»«re 

But buffet and trolleys will 
offer meate such as baconand 

mb, lasagne or cottage pie at 


Aggrieved passengers on 

All you pay is tne ininai premium, wiui »u 
commitment to the rate or to buy or sell currency. 
The certificate is a bearer instrument which you 

If you neither use it nor sell it, it simply 
ceases to be valid after the expiry date. 

How are BERO Certificates different? 

They are simple and easy to obtain. The 
total cost is a small single premium, without any 
transaction or brokerage costs for buying or 
reselling. And they are negotiable, which means 
you can resell them if no longer needed. 

What do they cost? 

- .The premiums vary daily since they are 
based on prevailing exchange rates in relation 
to the guaranteed certificate rate. For example, 
at the time of going to press, the cost of a 
Sterling PUT BERO (you buy DM) was around 
£200. Conversely a Sterling CALL BERO (you 
sell DM) would have cost around £100. 
There is no other charge. 

What rates are available? 

BERO Certificates are available in a range 
of rates for buying or selling US$s or DMs 
against Sterling. j 

Customers can obtain advice and quotation 
from one of the 33 autlmsed Barclays branches, ariy 
local branch will be happy to put you in touch. ; 

For further technical information contact tlx 
Currency Option Desk, Head Office Foreign Exchange 
and Money Market Centre, 29 Gracechurch Street 
London EQV 0BE, Telephone 01-283 0909. 
Reuters pages BBOR, BERO and BEDM. \ 



1 ■ J i:‘ 


Qash on pensions • Scottish teachers • Farming charges 

PM rejects 
call for big 
pension rise 

protect pensioners and their 
savings and she should not be 
deflected from sticking to that 
course as the way of giving them 
honest money. 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes I agree 
wholly with him. The certainty 
that the Government will run 


■Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
.Prime Minister, said at question 

■time in the Commons that she — 

was not prepared to return to the prudent financial policies will 
inflationary policies of the last get stability in financial deal- 
tabour Government. 

She was urged by Mr NeO 
.'Kinaock. Leader of the Oppo- 
-sition, to “have the decency” to 
■match that Government's 

record on pension increases. ^ _ 

Mrs Thatcher bad said that she of the Opposition will crucify 
■ would be meeting a delegation the savings of pensioners? 

'from the National Pensioners’ Mrs Thatcher Yes. I believe 
Convention later in the day. they will do just that. If we evei' 

returned to a period when 
inflation went up sharply by 25 
per cent or so. to put up 
pensions by that amount would 
last for a few days but it would 
very rapidly lose its value as 
inflation ate away the increase 


Mr Harvey Proctor (BiHencay. 
Q: When she does meet the 
National Pensioners* Conven- 
tion this afternoon will she 
explain to them that the policies 
f the " 

fjir Kinnodu When she meets 
jtiem will she explain why she 
has deliberately ensured that the 
value of the old age pension next 
year will definitely be 3 per cent 
less in real terms than it is this 

■■ That is a deliberate betrayal of they received. 
r her own pledge to protect the Dr David Owen. Leader of the 
•poor and those most in need. SDP. Has she not learnt the 

Mrs Thatcher I shall explain to lessons of the last couple of 
Ahem that the pension has gone months — the way many 
up by 9 per cent more than pensioners did freeze in the very 
- ■ * - cold spell and heating allow- 

ances were shown to be inad- 
equate? Conservative MPS may 
cheer but there must be many of 
their constituents who suffered 
grievously. Surely the Prime 
Minister will at least try to 
change the situation by next 

Mrs Thatcher The record of 
this Government on payments 

1 prices. We have kept our pledges 
to pensioners. If we were 

'posals. ti 
-£ 20.000 


If we were to 
accede to all the National 
'Pensioners’ Convention pro- 
ats. the cost would be at least 
million and it would 
add £16 a week to national 
insurance contributions for 
.-those on average earnings as 
well as requiring some substan- 
tial increases in income tax and 
■ VAT. That and a lot more, I 
~shall explain. 

.“Mr Kin nock; If she claims that 
pensions have gone up by 9 per 
cent in real terms, she must 
know that they went up by 20 
per cent in real terms under the 
last Labour Government 
Since she is so fond of 
referring to the record of the last 
Labour Government why does 
she not have the decency to 
•.{patch it? 

Mrs Thatcher I am not pre- 
„ pa red to go back to the infla- 
tionary policies of the last 

* 'Labour Government which is a 
[way to destroy the savings of the 
-pensioners. It was prepared to 
"create inflation to pay pension 
.increases and to pay for them by 
debasing the savings of pension- 
era. That is a dishonest policy. 
Mr Sidney Bidwell (Ealing, 

. Southall. Lab) had first raised 
-rthe matter when he said that the 
J pensioners' lobby of Parliament 

* foal day not only indicated the 
deep anxiety among old folk, 
but anxiety about them in the 

■Nation as a whole. 

_ ■- If the present Government 
had clung to the previous La- 
-tSour Government formula of 
■®\i prating pensions according to 
the cost of living or average 
-National earnings, the pensioner 
and his dependent wife would 
be £6.50 better off today. She 
will hear about that from the 
TUC It would be a handy sum 
for old people. 

Mrs Thatdwr The previous 
Government's policies led to the 
IMF and the peak inflation this 
country has known. This Gov- 
ernment has kept its pledge to 
protect pensions against the rise 
in prices. Pensions have in- 
creased by 9 percent more than 
prices and we have brought 
down the inflation which de- 
stroyed the savings of pension- 

Mr Michael Grylls (North West 
Surrey. Cy. The record of the 
Government is the best way to 

xsrrsAS' ■" 1 < 

BidweD: Nation's anxiety 
about old folk 

for healing is far better than that 
of which he was a member. He 
cannot possibly gel over that no 
matter how much he tries to 
wave it away with his hand. He 
has not got the necessary answer 
—that is why he asks such stupid 

Mr Michael Martin (Glasgow. 
Springbum. Lab): Is it not a 
scandal some pensioners die of 
hypothermia, some are living 
below the poverty line, some 
cannot turn on the heating 
because they fear very high 
electricity and gas charges? 
What is she going to do about 
our elderly citizens? 

Mrs Thatcher: Under the last 
Labour Government the 
amount of available heating 
additions was £90 million. 
Deaths from hypothermia in 
1979 were the highest level they 
have been. Since then we have 
increased the amount available 
for heating’ to £400 million. 

In the nietime ot uie last 
Labour Government the price 
of electricity went up by six per 
cent every four months. The 
price of electricity under this 
Government has gone up by 
only six per cent in three years 
so pensioners have had a for 
better deal under this Govern- 
ment than they had under the 
Labour GovemmenL 

Still not time to join 

It was not an app r op ria te mo- 
ment to join the exchange rate 
mechanism of the European 
Monetary System, Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
ister. said during questions in 
the Commons. 

Mr Stephen Dorrell 
(Lough boro ugh, O asked her to 
consider such a move and MPs 
on both sides shouted “No" as 
he continued with his sugges- 

He said: Mr Sam Brittan has 
argued that it could allow us to 
reduce interest rates below the 
prevailing rate and that our 
membership, by definition, 
would be more competitive 
since the decline in the exchange 
rate in recent weeks. It may be 
that the time is ripe for sterling 
to become a member. 

Mrs Thatcher 1 am asked this 

regularly on the basis that it is 
time to go in. I was asked when 
the pound bought 3.70 
Deutschmarks and it would now 
buy about 3.20. Those who 
asked then must be glad that we 
did not go in. One day it may be 
the appropriate thing but we do 
not think it is appropriate now. 

Mr Enoch Powell (Down South. 
OUPL When suggestions are 
again made, as already this 
afternoon, that we should return 
to the miseries and follies of the 
fixed exchange rate for sterling, 
will the Prime Minister remain 
deaf to those unwise 

Mrs Thatcher These sugges- 
tions are made regularly. Had 
we listened to them earlier we 
should have found ourselves in 
some difficulty in view of the 
fluctuation of exchange ratesj 

firm gets 
chance to 
make bid 


Lancashire Enterprises Ltd is to 
have a meeting with merchant 
bankers Hill Samuel to explore 
further the nature of their 
proposal to make a bid for part 
of the British Leyland opera- 
tions. Mr Paul Channon, Sec- 
retary of State for Trade and 
Industry, indicated in the Com- 
mons. However he stuck to 
what he had said in the House 
the previous day. that by the 
deadline the company had not 
expressed a firm indication that 
it was doing so. 

Mr Stanley Thorne (Preston, 
Lab) who put a private notice 
question to the minister on the 
issue, complained that Mr 
Channon had misled the House 
the previous day. He said that 
Lancashire Enterprises Ltd had 
already sent a telex tp Hill 
Samuel, advisers to British Ley- 
land. at 6.25pm on March 4 to 
confirm an interest. In other 
words, the firm did get their 
name before Hill Samuel before 
the midnight deadline. 

Mr Channon said he had not 
misled the House. By the dead- 
line the firm had not put in a 
firm indication to making a bid. 
Nevertheless, helpfully Hill 
Samuel had offered a meeting. 
He could not understand why 
Mr Thorne was making a fuss. 
Mr Robert Atkins (South 
Ribble. O said the firm’s offer 
was supported by all panics on 
Lancashire County Council and 
by his Conservative-controlled 
borough co unci Lin view of the 
wide differences in time given to 
Genera] Motors and other bid- 
ders. there should be some 

Mr Channon said what should 
happen was that there should be 
the meeting with Hill Samuel at 
which all these matters could be 

Sir Jack Straw (Blackburn. 
Lab) said that one of the reasons 
why Lancashire Enterprises was 
unable to declare a firm indica- 
tion of interest until late on 
Tuesday night was because Hill 
Samuel had repeatedly refused 
to hand the firm the necessary 
documentation for them to put 
a proposal together. Would the 
minister instruct Hill Samuel to 
give the find the same docu- 
mentation as had been given to 
General Motors? 

Mr Channon: Unlike all the 
other people. Lancashire Enter- 
prises Ltd have not signed a 
confidentiality, agreement They 
were asked in telephone 
conversations last week and still 
no action was taken. Hill Sam- 
uel have offered a meeting. That 
seems a helpful way forward. 
Let us see what happens. 

Replying to Mr Paddy 
Ashdown (Yeovil. L) who said 
that no British bid should be 
discounted on grounds of tech- 
nicality. Mr Channon said noth- 
ing had changed since the 
previous day. Hill Samuel had 
offered a meeting with the firm 
at 1 lam that day and when he 
had come into the chamber still 
no reply bad been received. 

He said later that all firm 
indications of bids would be 
treated with extreme care. 

Mr John Smith, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on trade and 
industry., asked what would be 
the purpose of the meeting? 
Would it be open to the Govern- 
ment to receipt a bid from 
Lancashire Enterprises as a 
result of what transpired at the 

Mr Channon said he understood 
from Hill Samuel that the 
meeting they had suggested was 
to explore all points and if 
suitable assurances could be 
found then certainly he would 
not wish to rule anyone out on a 

dues to rise 

United Kingdom light dues, for 
the maintenance oflighthouses. 
are to be increased by 5 percent 
in 1986-87, Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
Secretary of Slate for 
TransporLannounced in a writ- 
ten Commons reply. He added 
that he was conscious of the 
need to maintain the compet- 
itive position of the shipping 
industry and. following 
consultation with the general 
lighthouse authorities, he had 
asked them to reduce their 
expenditure by about £1.7 mil- 
lion in 1986-87. 

Inquiry ordered 
into Scottish 
teachers 9 dispute 


An independent committee of 
inquiry will be set up in an effort 
to break tbe deadlock in the 19- 
month-old teachers’ dispute in 
Scotland. Mr Malcolm Rifklnd, 
Secretary of Slate for Scotland, 
announced in the Commons. 

It would seek to establish a 
basis for the pay, conditions of 
service and management of the 
teaching profession in Scotland, 
bearing in mind the need for 
public expenditure constraint. It 
would be asked to report by the 
end of the summer so that its 
findings coukl be taken into 
account in the J986-S7 pay 

He expected the teachers’ 
unions to call off their industrial 
action immediately and hoped 
teachers and employers would 
agree on a pay settlement in the 
normal way while awaiting the 
committee's findings. 

Mr Harry Ewing, an Opposition 
spokesman on Scotland, wel- 
comed the establishment of an 
inquiry, condemned the way the 
Government had handled the 
dispute, hoped the committee 
would not sacrifice thorough- 
ness for the sake of speed, and 
warned that no inquiry could 
really be independent if ft had to 
work under such tight con- 

In his statement Mr Rifkind 
said: The inquiry will be given 
the following terms of reference: 

In the light of the 
Government's educational 
objectives and the need to 
observe continuing public 
expenditure restraint in the 
interests of taxpayers and rate- 
payers. to consider 

• the duties, pay structure, 
pay levels and other conditions 
of ' service of school teachers, 
with particular regard to the 
need to recruit, retain and 
motivate teachers of the right 
quality, to address staffing diffi- 
culties in shortage areas such as 
mathematics and science and in 
particular localities, and to im- 
prove the promotion and career 
prospects of effective teachers, 
particularly experienced teach- 
ers of proven ability who remain 
in the classroom: 

• teachers’ duties and 
responsibilities and their defi- 
nition in contracts of employ- 

• the arrangements for 
managing schools and the teach- 
ing service; 

• future arrangements for 
determining teachers' pay and 
structure, duties, responsibil- 
ities and conditions of service; 

• the mechanisms for im- 
plementing and enforcing the 
above arrangements; 

• in all respects the need to 
take into account what can be 
afforded; and to make recom- 

I hope to announce the names 
of the chairman and members 
shortly. Tbe committee will be 
asked to begin work as soon as 

Mr Ewing: Who is 
going to advise the inquiry- on 
what can be afforded? It may 
well be he is asking too much or 
the inquiry to report by the end 
of the summer. As this dispute 
relates to tbe salary year begin- 
ning 198S, why will the 
committee's recommendations 
not be backdated? 

Mr RindtuL I regret be has not 
yet echoed my call on the unions 
to withdraw all their industrial 
action. The members of the 
inquiry will be free to make 
whatever recommendations 
they believe appropriate. I do 
not believe the general public 
would agree it is in any way 
inappropriate or unreasonable 
to include in Che terms of 
reference consideration of pub- 
lic expenditure restraint. We 
have to take into account what 
can be afforded by the country. 

It is appropriate to work 
towards the target of reporting 
by the end of the summer 
because teachers would wish to 
see an early outcome to this 
protracted matter. It would be 
inappropriate to have backdat- 
ing as the unions have yet to pat 
in a pay claim for 1985/86. 

Mr Roy Jenkins (Glasgow 
Hillhead, SDP) welcomed the 
statement So for as possible, he 
mid, the unions should bring 
schools back to nomrai during 
the period of ihe inquiry. Why 
had h taken 19 months for an 
inquiry to be set tip? 

Mr Rrfkind said repeated at- 
tempts to get the parties together 
were still being thwarted by the 
refusal ofthe EIS to be involved. 
Sir Hector Monro (Dumfries, O 
said it should be a condition of 
acceptance of the package that 
the teachers stopped further 
disruption. (Labour cries of 

Mr Rifkind said the Scottish 
public would regard it as 
unthinkable that, while the in- 
quiry was going on, the teachers 
took strike action, boycotted 
exams or took other actions. 

Mr Alex Fletcher (Edinburgh 
Central. O said parents should 
be robustly represented on the 
review, and teachers* unions 
that did not cease industrial 
action should be barred. (La- 
bour protests). 

Mr Rifkind said the inquiry 
could take evidence from where 
it deemed appropriate. People 
would be appointed to tbe 
inquiry for the individual 
contribution they could make, 
rather than any representative 

Mr William Hamilton (Fife 
Central, Lab) appealed to teach- 
ers to end the dispute. But, he 
added, unless Mr Rifkind in- 
dicated he would treat their 
1 985-86 pay claim as generously 
as the Government had treated 
people on top salaries last 
summer, there would be further 

Mr Rifkind said the EIS mid 
other unions had been insisting 
they did not want to put in a 
claim because they wanted an 

Farmers facing change 
in use of land 


While further measures dearly 
needed to be taken within the 
EEC to cut back production of 
commodities in surplus, this 
was seen as leading to change in 
the existing pattern of land use 
in agriculture and forestry rather 
than to the creation of substan- 
tial areas of land which were no 
longer in production, Mr Mi- 
chael Jopling, Minister of Agri- 
culture. Fisheries and Food, said 
during Commons questions. 

Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lincoln. 
C) said many authorities in the 
industry believed that 10 per 
cent of this land coukl be 
surplus to need by 1990, 
presenting formers with their 
greatest challenge and opportu- 
nity for more than half a 

Farming needed a structure 
within which it could plan its 
future. Would Mr Jopling pro- 
vide this? 

Mr JoplingiYes. we have to give 
serious thought, as we are doing, 
to deal with the possibility that 
there may be a need for chang- 
ing use of land in this way. But it 
is dangerous to be too specific 

about it because any changes 
depend on a number of factors 
such as the nature or level of 
Community support, tbe level 
of demand for foodstuffs, the 
relative efficiency in our in- 
dustry. technological improve- 
ments which may have taken 
place and the extern to which 
other countries outside tbe 
Community, particularly the 
United States, are successful in 
developing their agricultural 

Mr Michael Latham (Rutland 
and Melton. C): Does Mr Jopling 
expea formers, instead of grow- 
ing surplus barley, to grow trees 
or caravans? (Laughter.) 

It was tune to have a strategic 
document spelling out the way 
agriculture should be going. 

Mr JopUng: There is a great 
opportunity, and a .teed, for us 
to consider the opportunities for 
growing more trees. I hope Mr 
Latham has seen the consul- 
tative document we have put 
out about encouraging more 
farm woodlands. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9230): Backbench 
motion on employment rights. 

Minister sees 
progress in 
reform of CAP 


Asked in the Commons by what, 
date he anticipated that the 
r e form s he sought in the EEC 
common agricultural policy 
would tie implemented, Mr 
Michael Jopling, Minister of 
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 
said there had been pr ogress in 
agreeing the financial guideline, 
milk quotas and measures for 
tbe wine sector. 

We must (he added) make 
further progress this year, 
particularly with cereals and 
beef in limiting the production 
of surplus commodities and the 
burden they place on the budget, 
la the negotiations ahead we 
have to seek further savings so 
that we can live within our 
financial guideline. 

Mr Antony Marlow (Northamp- 
ton North. Cy This year we 
seem to have higher prices, 
higher subsidies and the lowest 
farm profits since the war. Whai 
is the Government going to do? 
Last year we gave away the I per 
cent VAT limit on the basis that 
the financial mechanism would 
work, if it does not, as many of 
us believe - we said at the time 
that the dollar might go down - 
will he bring a radical alter- 
native before the House? 

Mr Jopfing: He is a well known 
merchant of doom and gloom. 
Since the United. Kingdom 
joined the Community 
productivity per person in agri- 
culture has risen by over 70 per 
cent, the volume of output by 
more than 18 per cent, and the 
volume of exports of agri- 
cultural products, food and 
drink by more than 25 percent. 
We now produce SO per cent of 
our needs in temperate food- 
stuffs compared with 60 per 
cent in 1973. 

Jopling: Increases in 
prodnetrrity and output 

Mr Clement Freud (North-East 
Cambridgeshire, L) said the 
minister had told the formers be 
would not agree with anything 
which .would discriminate 
against them. Did he sav that to 
stop them lynching him or did 
he mean it? Ifhe meant it, would 
he repeat it now? 

Mr Jopling: I have said on 
many occasions that there are 
elements in the current price 
proposals which seriously 
discriminate against the in- 
terests of this country. I tokl the 
Council of Ministers only last 
week that some of these pro- 
posals were unacceptable. 

Mr Eric Forth (Mid Worcester- 
shire, Cy What is the estimated 
impact of the mbvement of the 
exchange rate of the dollar? 

Mr Jopfing: Tbe Cbmmission 
and Council are committed to 
the financial guideline. It will be 
an important objective to see 
that it is held to in the coming 

negotiations on the common 
agricultural policy. 

In later exchanges, Mr Peter 
Hardy (Wentworth. Lab) stud 
there was deep and intensifying 
anxiety in the forming commu- 
nity. as iBustrated by a 40 per 
con drop in land prices in some 
areas. Mr Joplmg had been 
guilty of serious inertia. 

Mr John Guntmer, Minister of 
State for Agriculture. Fisheries 
and Food, raid be did sot think 
formers felt that way. . 

We are now living (be said) in 
a world of surpluses rather than 
. a world of shortage. Mr Hardy 
would do well to look at his own 
Government's performance. 
They did absolutely nothing to 
prepare the country for this: 

Mr Cofia Shepherd (Hereford, 
O said the forming industry was 
nervous it might be unreason- 
ably discriminated against over 
the reduction of surpluses. 
Would the Government take 
special care in the negotiations 
in Brussels to ensure that did. 
not happen? 

Mr Gnmnwr said that was an 
important point- It bad to be 
part of the talks The whole 
forming industry . throughout 
Europe will have to bear the 
burden of dealing with surpluses 
fairly (he said). It should not foil 
unfairly on formers in Britain 
compared with their neighbours 
in Europe. 

Mr Philip Oppenbehn (Amber 
Valley. C) said Mr Gummer 
should arrange for Labour MPs 
to go for a study of food 
production in tbe Soviet Union 
- where the problem of surpluses 
had been dealt with successfully. 
Mr Gammer said almost every 
major part of tbe world .now 
produced enough food to feed 
people, except the Soviet Union 
and the eastern bloc, which were 

Mr Thomas Torney (Bradford 
South. Lab) said the Govern- 
ment should consider research 
into bread-making wheal, so 
that it could be grown in this 
country instead of having to be 
imported. That would reduce 
the massive surplus of cereals in 
this country and the market 

Mr Gummer said Mr Torney!* 
information was outdated. Over 
the past few years, the 
Chorieywood process had made 
it possible to use bread-making 
wheat grown in tfiisoountrytoa 
large extent. It was only the bad 
weather tins year, making the 
quality of the wheat unsure, that 
had caused it to be unsuitable 
and led to tbe need for imports. 
Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover, 
Lab) said Irish formers, were 
sending cattle across the border 
so often that the cattle , now 
knew the way themselves. 
(Laughter). . 

Mr Gnmmer said it. must be a 
matter of amazement to MPs 
that Mr Skinner belonged to a 
party that once had a reputation 
for internationalism. 

Mr Antony Marlow (Northamp- 
ton North, Q asked in what 
areas Mr Gummer expected 
surpluses to be reduced this 

Mr Gnmnwr said anyone who 
understood forming knew that 
crops this year bad already been 
planted. Therefore, the changes 
that would be made — and iht 
attack upon the surpluses that 
would be made — could not 
come in this year's harvest. 

Tough line 




There would be no let*; 
the drive against i&cga) 
by Spanish vessds-ni- 
waters. Mr John Gammer, Mro- 
isier of Sate foe Agriculture, 
fisheries and Fbod. s*d dtumg 
Commons questions. Resources 
and the Dumber of snrwefflanres 
had been increased; and recent 
penalties imposed by English 
courts had bees, heavy and 

Easter recess 

The Commons .will rise for tbe 
Easter adjournment on March 
27 and return on April 8. 

liuling on 



The decision taken by the 
High Court yesterday on the 
Labour councillors of Lambeth 
and Liverpool was a ’ further 
attack on local democracy, and 
it should be Mrs Thatcher and 
her Government before the 
courts, Mr Edward Loyden 
(Liverpool. Garsion, Lab) said 
during Prime Minister’s ques- 

Mrs Thatcher replied, to loud 
Labour protests, that the Gov- 
ernment and local government 
were answerable to the courts. 
Mr Loyden said the Govern- 
ment should be befpre tbe courts 
for the misery and hardship it 
had caused. 

Botha move 
by Thatcher 

The lifting of tbe state of 
emergency in South Africa by 
President Botha was warmly 
welcomed in the Commons by 
Mrs Thatcher, the Prime Min- 
ister. She said she hoped it 
would lead to decreased tension 
and bring nearer the prospect of 
genuine dialogue between the 
South African government and 
black South Africans. 

She was replying to a question 
by Mr Eric Forth (Mid 
Worcestershire, O who said, to 
Labour protests, that the end of 
the state of emergency vin- 
dicated the Government's pol- 
icy of continuing to talk to 
South Africa. 

CXBDL— ./■ 

A total of US bc w Kpgs oy 
UK fishery protection vessels 
had taken place m Smiaay. be 
said in reply to Mr Terence 
Lewis (WorsJcy. 

Thai of that total only 17 had 
been Spanish wesseb and 56 
were British, giving the im- 
pression that British ashing was 
not being adequately protected 
despite the promise* made by 
mini stem. . 

Mr Gammer replied: If be lubes 
on an impression of that kind be 
■has not looked at ihe facts which 
show that tbe system we have 
imposed is widely accepted by 
fishermen as being extremely 


One of those boarded was 
found guilty and fined heavily. 
The French gave ns information 
on every boat which passes 
through their waters and weave 
able to control the entry of 
Spanish vessels. The common 
fisheries policy ' is > major 
success. . V . 

Mr David Hams (St fires. Ct 
While applauding his attitude in 
Trying to damp down ob illegal 
Spanish fishing, porticttfaufy elf 
Cornwall, can- 1 asfc bim to 
confirm my . impteskn that 
there has been a sharp drop in 
tbe last few weeks in (he matter 
of arrests? Win be give an 
assurance that (here win be no 
Ici-up in the drive agains illegal 
fishing by the Spanish in foe 
Southwest? • » 

MrGmmnet: There will bejfo 
l«-up whatsoever. We have 
incratscd the number of survefl- 
lances and the amount of re- 
sources available. If people keep 
the rules, and we have tight 
rules, and our system works 
closely with our French and 
Irish colleagues, we are able to 
stop ships breaking the law .. 
Mr Austin Mitchell (Great 
Grimsby. Lab) asked about the 
possibility of pamsfathg illegal 
fishing in the same way as the 
Norwegians did. 

Mr Gwmaer: If he looks at tbe 
recent fines imposed by the 
English courts, particularly in 
the South West, they have been 
exemplary and very heavy in- 
deed and now. as a result of that, 
there has been a decline 
Mr Stuart Randaa. au Oppo- 
sition spokesman on agri- 
culture: WilLhe coofirmthat the 
number of boardings of UK 
vessels in January was roughly 
comparable to tbe number of 
boardings in tbe rest of the EEC 
fleet put together? Should he not 
be directing his attention and 
effbrts towards those countries 
that have a track record of abuse 
rather than bashing the British 

Mr Gammer. There are two 
ways of ensuring we are success- 
ful in our policing; one is we 
have a large number of people 
had up in conn and tbe ewer is 
people obey the law. 

A suitable 
debate for 
a Sunday 

A suggestion that MPs shouk 
meet at9.30 am on a Sunday a 
consider the second reading a 
the Shops Bill on Sunday open 
ing was greeted with laughter ii 
tbe Commons. 

Mr Joe Ashton (Bassetlaw. Lab 
said every MP was recervim 
representations every day aboil 
the Sunday trading legudatioi 
and in order to give their 
experience before they voiec 
Mrs Thatcher; the Prime Min' 
ister, should arrange for th< 
second reading to take place at 
9.30 on a Sunday. 

Bearing in mind the ex peri 
ence of. the Transport Bill, hr 
said, Mrs Thatcher should also 
arrange for everyone to arrive 
by public transport. 

Mrs Thatcher: He make? his 
own point. I think I have got it. I 
think it was in fovosr of wm 
choice in Sunday - trading. 

Doctors are given 
on abetting state 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation said yesterday that it had 
received incontrovertible evi- 
dence that doctors in many 
countries are involved in plan- 
ning and assisting in torture. 

It said that the evidence 
came "front all tbe obvious 
countries, and some unexpect- 
ed ones, and right across the 
political spectrum**. 

The association warned 
doctors in Britain that they 
must be vigilant not to be used 
in unethical practices on be- 
half of the police, prison 
services, defence services and 
other instruments of the State. 

An association working par- 
ty, chaired by Professor Peter 
Quilliam. of London Univer- 
sity, gathered information 
from international organiza- 
tions concerned with prevent- 
ing torture, and from national 
medical associations. 

It concluded that there was 
well-documented proof that 
doctors examined detainees 
before torture, monitored 
physical conditions during 
torture, used their skills to 
resuscitate victims so that 
torture could continue, look 

By Robin Young 

part in torture particularly 
where psychiatric abuses were 
involved, and in some coun- 
tries directly contributed to 
the development of new tech- 

Instances cited in a report 
include the doctors who exam- 
ined the South African detain- 
ee, Steve Biko. before his 
death, and an Iraqi doctor in 
Baghdad alleged to have bled 
about 1 .000 prisoners to death 
during 1982 and 1983. 

Dr John Dawson, head of 
the professional affairs divi- 
sion of the association, said 
that another case brought to 
the committee's attention in- 
volved paralysing victims 
with anaesthetic while con- 
scious, ventilating them -with 
just sufficient air to avoid 
complete suffocation, and 
then interrogating them as the 
anaesthetic wore off 

There was some division of 
opinion in the BMA General 
Council over the working 
party's decision (hat judicial 
sanctions, such as cutting off 
limbs, did not constitute tor- 



. As regards Britain the 
working party said that the 
most serious challenges to 
medical ethics had occurred in 
the early 1970s in Northern 
Ireland. It had asked for a 
meeting with the UK Defence 
Medical Services to discuss 
the role of doctors in the 
Armed Forces, but was told 
that for reasons of security it 
was not possible. 

The working party wel- 
comed a statement, which it 
said embodied principles 
aimed at ending torture in 
other countries, but added: 
“Some questions about the 
practical application of the 
principles remained 

Dr John Havard secretary 
of the association, said that it 
was disturbing that forensic 
science and medical ethics 
were barely taught in British 
medical education nowadays. 

The association proposes to 
bring its report and recom- 
mendations for barring medi- 
cal participation in torture to 
national medical associations. 

laser cure 

Princess Anne yesterday of- 
ficially launched Britain's 
most powerful machine in the 
fight against cancer. 

The laser-controlled linear 
accelerator cost £1 million to 
buy and install at the Bristol 
Radiotherapy and Oncology 

It uses high energy photons 
and electrons to destroy can- 
cers which formerly would 
have required treatment from 
several machines. 

Harmless, red laser beams 
flashed around the royal party 
as physicists and radiothera- 
pists described the equipment 
to the Princess. 

The Clinac 2500 linear ac- 
celerator was not demonstrat- 
ed, as it cannot be operated 
while anyone other than the 
patient is in the unit. The 
machine is housed in the 
room with yard-thick concrete 
walls and a “maze" entrance 
to protect staff from its rays. 

The lasers ensure the treat- 
ment beams are precisely fo- 
cused on the cancers to be 
destroyed and the treatment 
programme is monitored on 
television screens. 

The radiotherapy centre is 
next to the city's royal infir- 

Princess Anne arriving at 
tbe centre yesterday. 

mary and treats more than 
3.000 new patients a year. Its 
cancer cure rate has improved 
to the point where nearly halfj 
or all victims recover com- 

Milk theft 

is freed 

A girl who spent 13 days in 
Holloway prison after' she 
admitted stealing a bottle of 
milk was granted a conditional 
discharge by Dover magis- 
trates yesterday. 

Katherine Griffiths, aged 
17, bad first appeared in court 
on February 13 when she 
admitted stealing the nrilk 
from a doorstep near her 
"squafin Dove. 

She was remanded in custo- 
dy for three weeks for reports. 
The only place available was 
Holloway prison where she 
remained for 13 days until 
released on bail by a High 
Court judge. It was her first 

Yesterday Mr David Janes 
for Miss Griffiths, told the 
, magistrates: “I believe foe 
court got it wrong at tbe earlier 

bearing and I do ask yon to get 
it right today with an absolute 

"I ask the court to admit an 
error of judgement has taken 
place in this case". 

Mrs Vivienne Judd, tbe 
senior magistrate, replied: 
“We feel enough has been said . 
about this matter over the past 
few weeks". 

Animal mind tests 
under scrutiny 

By John Winder 

The machinery of the new 
Bill to protect animal* in 
scientific experiments will be 
used to look more closely at 
their use in behavioural tests, 
according to Mr David 
Mellor, Under Secretary of 
State at the Home Office. 

He was. speaking yesterday 
dunng a debate on the Ani- 
mals (Scientific Procedures) 
Bill in a Commons standing 

He said that he had asked 
his advisonr committee to do 
more wont on behavioural 
expen merits, and added that 
he was a long way from saying 

that all behavioural tes 

There was. however, 
ference between that ai 
ting rid of all 
experiments, as had be 
gested in an amendmei 
posed ; 5y_ Mr Harry ( 
Labour MP for Leyti 
said . 

Behavioural tests an 
in research into the wc 
ofthe brain and in psyd 
cal and behavioural res< 

Woric being done o 
mals is used to inve 

brain damage. 

Cruise land sale is off 

A plot of land owned by the' 
Church of England next to foe 
cruise missile base at 
Molesworth in Cambridge- 
shire is not to be sold • 

The Peterborough Diocese, 
which owns the 1 .62-acre plot, 
said yesterday it had consid- 
ered offers but had decided 
not to go ahead with the sale. 

The decision comes after* 
move by Christian .Campaign 

for Nuclear Disarmament in 
the High Court last April tc 
stop: the. church from sellim 
Jh® land to the Ministry o! 
Defence. . . 

The Peterborough diocesan 
board of finance said: “Part ol 
the settlement at court- was 
that we would invite offers for 
:the land from all interested 
parties. But we did not under- 
take to sell or not to sell the 
land.' 1 : r 


ill Jc 1 iMna jrKJLUA* M/viM^n / iyao 

rtt iiviiL jNg.wa 

: Bill to ensure crime does not pay 

new powers to 


Reports by Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

; Tough new measures to strengthen 
■the powers of the courts to combat 
crime and bring offenders to justice 

nn>n> niihtlehorl - hi> tha ' ... 

t main plank of its law and order 


The proposals, which include in- 
creased maximum sentences, further 

Three c 
jury challenge 

Act 1984- Bills are before Parliament on 
drug trafficking and public order and 
there . will soon ' be a new crown 
prosecution service. ■. 

The next step will be a Cri minal 
Justice Bill to overhaul the powers and 
procedures of the. courts as outlined m 
the White Paper, Mr Douglas Hurd, 
creased maximum sentences, further Home Secretary, said yesterday. Those 
steps to seize criminals’ assets, changes were the “essential underpinning of the 
to the system of jury trial, better fight against crime.” ... . 

compensation for victims of crime and The .main measures outlined in me 

reforms to the extradition law will be a paper, Criminal Justice? Plans for- 
high priority for legislation. Legislation, fall into four categories: 

• The Government has already ex- sentendng and the powers of the court, 
tended; police powers, and resources victims of crime, procedural changes 

together with safeguards for individuals and extradition. _ . 1T 

in the Police and Criminal Evidence ' pase 13 


The Government proposes 
■ a power for those with short 

- youth custody sentences to be 
held in .detention centres, 
which at present are under- 
used for large parts of the year. 

This will help overcrowding 
is prisons and is. consistent 
with the principle that short 
custodial sentences should be 

- served in the detention cen- 
tres, rather than in youth 
Custody regimes (formerly 
Borstal).. ; - 

Some offenders receiving 
youth custody sentences of. 
between four and six months 
'fiave only short periods to 
serve, alter time spent on 
remand; and remission, have 
been knocked off But at 
present there is no alternative 
to their being held other than 
in youth custody regimes, 
even while detention centres 
are underused. 

. At the same time, it plansto 
bring in stronger sanctions, 
including custody, for juvenile 
offenders in breach of supervi- 
sion orders which have been 
imposed by the court as an 
alternative to custody. 

It wants also to restore.-tb 
the courts a specific power to 
include in a supervision order 
a requirement that -the -juve- 
nile attend school. ]- t 


Plans for Legislation 

Mr Douglas Hurd, who announced the measures in the 
White Paper 


• life sentences for carrying firearms in furtherance 

of crime. _ - . . , , 

• More powers for courts to confiscate criminals 

as set*. 

• Tougher powers for courts to order offenders to 
compensate victims. 

• Changes to the jury system including aboraon ot 

jury trial for some offences. . _ 

• Proposals to abolish or curb defence right of 
challenge and to increase jurors’ age limit. 

• Stat utory ha cking for sentencing guidelines from 

Court of Appeal. , . , , 

- • Pledge fen* legislation on fraud trials proposals. 

• Reforms in extradition law. 

• Criminal Injuries Compensation Board on statu- 
tory backing. ^ 

The Government has pot 
forward three prbposaB in 
meet public concern about 
alleged' abuse of tbe 
defendant's right to rhalkitge 
jurors. They are: 

• Abolition of the challenge 
without reason (peremptory 

dudtaa « c); . v 

• A cut m the lumber of such 

challenges allowed from three 
to one or two; . _ 

• A special Bant- in mum- 
defendant cases. - 

It is also suggesting, and 
inv i tin g comment, on the pro- 
posaTthat the upper age limit 
Tor potential jasrors he in- 
creased from 65 to 70, on the 

basis that people aged between 

65 and 70 would be efigSUe to 
serve as jurors bat would not. 
have to do so; 

This would reflect the feet 

that people now Eve longer and 

are healthier when they r etire. 
It would also meet concern 
that the present pool of jurors 
should be wideoend to indude 
more of the older age group, 
which nmonrts to some mne 
million adults. 

The peremptory ch all e nge, 
the White Paper says, is 
available for use by tbe de- 
fence in whatever ways will 
best serve its interests. Some- 
times it may be nsed to change 

. the make-up of a jury in terras 

of age, sex or race in a way 
thought to increase the chance 
of a fair bearing. 

“But it is also capable of 
-use, and these are the cases 
which have given ri se _ t o 
concern, as a means of getting 
rid of jurors, whose mere 
appearance is thonght to indi- 
cate a degree of insight or 
respect for tbe law which is 
. mimical to the interests of the 

“This is contrary to the 
interests of justice as well as 
offensive to the individual 
juror,” it says. _ _ 

Outright abolition of the 
fiwilmge has been recom- 
mended by the recent Boston 
Committee oo fraud trials. 

The second option for a cut 
in the number of challenges 
allowed would reduce the 
chances for the defendant to 
block a majority verdict by 
simply substituting other ju- 
rors, while still allowing objec- 
: tions to one or two jurors. 

The third option, for a Emit 

In multi-defendant 

cases, would address the prob- 
lem “over which there is most 
acute concern” because of the 
possible pooling of challenges, 
bat would curtail each mdivm- 
aal defendant's right and, 
therefore, be less apt where 
such pooling did not occur 

on court 

The Government intends to 
strengthen the role of the 
Court of Appeal, in giving 
public guidance on sentencing 
policy, as in tbe court's recent 
guideline judgement on rape. 

It is putting foward three 
proposals for debate. 

The options are: 

• Reviving its original, much- 
criticized proposal to enable 
the crown to refer over-lenient 
sentences to the Court of 
Appeal for an opinion; 

• Giving that proposal 
“teeth” so that the Court of 
Appeal would have power to 
increase a sentence. 

• Giving statutory backing to 
the Judicial Studies Board s 
role in publishing the Court of 
Appeal's guidelines. These 
would then be put out as a 
guide for sentences and the 

The White Papersaysthat 
some arrangement is needed 
so that issues raised by over- 
lenient sentences can be con- 
sidered at a “higher judicial 

Powers to 

Measures to strengthen the 
courts' powers to deprive 
convicted offenders of the 
proceeds of crimes in connec- 
tion with drug-trafficking of- 
fences, now going through 
Parliamen u are to be extended 
to other crimes. 

These powers include a 
requirement on tbe Crown 
court to confiscate proceeds 
from drug-trafficking; power 
for the High Court to “freeze 
asse ts of those suspected of 
drug-trafficking and of third 
parties in receipt of assets; 
provision for confiscation or- 
ders to be enforced in the High 
Court, without waiting for the 
offender to default; and suffer 
custodial penalties for wilful 

The Government intends to 
extend courts’ powers to order 
forfeiture of property used tn 
connection with crime. 

The White Paper also 
makes clear that the Govern- 
ment has rejected an original 
proposal to introduce a sen- 
tence of day or weekend 

to ease 
return of 

Reforms in the law of 
extradition to make it easier 
for countries to get back their 
fugitive offenders from the 
United Kingdom are pro- 

Such a reform will represent 
a contribution to the fight 
against international crime. It 
is hoped as a result the United 
Kingdom can become a party 
to the European Convention 
on Extradition. . 

The main proposal is the 
abolition of the prima facie 
rule which obliges the request- 
ing state to establish a case 
against the fugitive, according 
to the English rules of evi- 

Other measures are to allow 
extradited offenders to race 
further charges with the 
Government's consent; to 
provide for re-extradilion if 
the Government consents; 
and to define extraditable 
offences as those attracting a 
penalty of at least 12 months 
imprisonment, including fis- 
cal offences. 

• Many of the procedural 
reforms recommended in the 
Roskill Committee on fraud 
trials are to be implemented m 
the BilL 

Moves to reduce 
pressure of work 
on crown court 

They include: revision of 
the law of evidence to allow 
more documents to “speak for 
themselves”; more formal 
prepaiory hearings to identify 
the issues for trial; and the 
abolition of jury trial 
complex fraud cases. 


Abolition of the right to trial 
by jury is proposed for certain 
offences, in a separate consul- 
tative document issued with 
the White Paper, in an effort 
to cut the increasing pressure 
of work on the crown court. 

It recommends that this 
should apply to common as- 
sault, driving while disquali- 
fied and taking a motor 
vehicle without the owner’s 
consent More serious of- 
fences of assault and theft of 
vehicles would still he triable 
in the crown court 
The paper. Distribution oj 
Court Business, also invites 
comment on a more qualified, 
but nonetheless controversial, 
proposal for minor cases of 
theft to be tried in the magis- 
trates court irrespective of tbe 
small value of the stolen 
property, unless the offence 
seems unusually serious. 

. The courts, it says, should 
have adequate powers to deal 
with offences but it is also 
important that offences which 
are not among the most 
serious, and which can be 
adequately dealt with by the 
magistrates, do not unneces- 
sarily clog up the crown court 

In spile of allocating more 
resources to the crown court, 
such as increasing the number 
of judges, it has “proved 
extremely difficult to avoid 
significant increases in waiting 
times”. The 1984 average was 
14.3 weeks; and only 40 per 
cemof defendants were dealt 
with in less than eight weeks. 

There has, therefore, been 
increasing pressure for a 
change in the arrangejnenis 
for determining mode ot trial, 
ihe consultative paper says. 
Such a change was reconv 
mended 10 years ago by the 
James Committee ana tnc 
Government believes it 
should now be reconsidered. 

It is “clearly not in the 
interests of justice for trials to 
take place long after the events 
io which they relate, when 
memories may have fadecT , 
and the resources for criminal 
justice are necessarily limited, 
the paper says. Trial by 
expensive, while the magis- 
trates court provides high 
standards of justice, flenwy 
and economically, over a unde 
range of cases. 

In the Govern men t”s view, 
the paper says, it is even more 
important than in the 1 9 vus 
to ensure that those offences 
which can be tried by either 
court do not include some 
“whose inherent seriousness is 
unlikely ever to justify trial on 

The idea of seriousness is 
taken to reflect the “inherent 
gravity of the misconduct as 
perceived by society, not ac- 
cording to the position of the 
individual". - It therefore 
invites comment on its pro- 
posal to repeal existing of- 
fences of common assault ana 
to bring in a new summary 
offence with maximum penal- 
ties of six months’ imprison- 
ment and/or £2,000 fine. 

Life for carrying 

The Government proposes 
that the maximum penalty for 
certain offences involving car- 
rying firearms in the further- 
ance of crime under the 
Firearms Act 1968 should be 
increased from 14 years to life 

“These proposed increases 
are intended to demonstrate 
emphatically that the canying 
of firearms by criminals, 
whether or not they are used, 
is regarded by society as an 
offence of the highest possible 

At the same time it proposes 
to increase the maximum 
penalty for certain offences of 
corruption from two to seven 
years, in line with the recom- 
mendations of the Salmon 

Commission report on stan- 
dards of conduct in public life, 
published in 1976. 

At present the offences, 
under the Public Bodies (Cor- 
rupt Practices) Act 1889 and 
the Prevention of Cbrruption 
Act 1906; only canry a maxi- 
mum of seven years’ impris- 
onment if they concern 
receiving or offering bribes for 
public contracts. 

But, the White Paper says, 
other forms of corruption can 
be equally serious and the two 
years’ maximum is inade- 
quate in cases of serious 
breaches of trust. 

The maximum prison sen- 
tences available for the mam 
criminal offences need to be 

kepi under constant review. 
Private member's bills with 
government support have in- 
creased sentences in two other 
areas where change was need- 
ed and there are now man- 
mum sentences of life 
imprisonment for rape, ten 
years for indecent assault, and 
life imprisonment for traffick- 
ing in hard drugs. 

But the Government be- 
lieves that carrying firearms in 
furtherance of crime and cor- 
ruption now warrant an in- 
crease also. 

Thirdly, it intends to 
strengthen maximum penal- 
ties by extending the arran^ 
ments for inflation-proo* 
of fines. 

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upon which progress depends. 

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New audio/video systems make use of Hitachi s 
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Each year. Hitachi devotes some $1 billion 
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Primitive though they are, most of the 
population of Antarctica know exactly where 
their last meal came from. 

Which is something that can’t be said of 
the people of the more advanced countries of 
the world. 

In the States they think Baskin-Robbins, 
one of the world’s biggest ice cream chains, is 
as American as Apple Pie. Which is hardly 
surprising as it’s run entirely by Americans. 

But it’s owned by Allied-Lyons. A British 

Clogs, windmills, tulips, advocaat, what 
could be more Dutch? 

The advocaat. Waminks, Holland’s big- 
gest producer of advocaat is British owned and 
it’s part of Allied-Lyons. 

All over the world people have got into 
the habit of drinking sherry before, during or 
after a meal. Hardly the thing to do, eh what? 

But we don’t mind. The chances 
are they’re drinking Harveys, the world’s biggest 
selling sherry, once again from Allied-Lyons. 

It’s much the same with port. 

In over 50 countries they don’t know, or 
care, which way to pass the port. But they do 
know which port to pass. It’s Cockbum’s. 

We could go on. 

Allied-Lyons have over 200 brands, many 
of which are household names in countries the 
world over. But we’re not just sitting back count- 
ing the profits, considerable though they are. 

During 1985 we invested massively in the 
business and launched well over one hundred 
new products worldwide. 

Last year we made record pre-tax profits 
of £219 million and achieved £945 million worth 
of business overseas, without any help from our 
flippered friends down ll. 1 T 
there in Antarctica. AJilGCL'LyQTlS 


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1 Jbtb J iMfcS t’KiJDAY MAKL'JH 1 IVbD 

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Decision day at the Kr emlin 

Gorbachov builds a solid 
basis for reform policies 



r T!|® P^lical 27th Congress 
of foe Communist Party end- 
ed yesterday exactly as it had 
earlier, whha 
muang call from Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov for an end to red 
tape and bureaucracy and a 
detnand for a nationwide cam- 
paign of "discipline” to mod- 
ernize die Soviet Union. 1 

The difference is that the 
Kremlin leader is now in an 
even more impregnable inter- 
nal position after Party ap- 
pointments which changed 
some 40 per cent of the 
composition of the Central- 
Committee and added further 
lo those at the pinnacle of 
power who support his reform 

The promotion of two 
prominent Party figures from 
Leningrad is seen as strength- 
ening his standing in the 
second city, while the first 
appointment for 25 years of a 
woman to the upper reaches of 
the Kremlin hierachy is seen 
as canny recogriiiion of the 
resentment felt by Soviet 
women on the issue of female 

According to Soviet observ- 
ers, the promotion of Mr 
Anatoly Dobrynin, the veter- 
an Washington Ambassador, 
is a sign that Mr Gorbachov is 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


farther extending the Party's 
role in foreign policy-making 
and ensuring that he places his 
own mark on its implementa- 
tion. : • 

**We must quickly. eliminate 
from our work inertia, indif- 
ference, empty speeches, pa- 
per shuffling. Everything 
depends on usT Mr Gor- 



bachov said, showing no signs 
of tiredness after the hectic 
period of public and private 
politicking. “It is time to act 
energetically, to participate, 
actively in the renewal of our 
Socialist home.” 

Although economic reform 
and self-criticism emerged 
rapidly as : the "two central 
themes, an unmistakable 
streak of Communist purism 
: also ran through the Congress, 
sending shivers of apprehen- 
sion through the Jewish dissi- 
dents and others on the 
creative fringes of Soviet soci- * 
■ety who tad been hoping 
vainly for signs of . more 

“The frequent mentions of 

Bolshevism were no acc- 
ident" one envoy said yester- 
day. “This Congress has left 
no doubt that the drive is now 
bo to. make the Communist 
system work, rather than to 
change it In many respects it 
was harking back to a more 
rigid ideological past” 

One leading Soviet com- 
mentator observed to Western' 
friends that it would be at least 
two , years ' until a proper 
judgement could be delivered 
on the Congress, which he said 
had quickly emerged as the 
most . important since that 
presided over by Khrushchev 
m 1961. 

Far from being facetious, 
what the Russian meant was 
ihal it would take that length 
of time to see whether all the 
reformist rhetoric which ech- 
oed through the Kremlin Pal- 
ace of Congresses would be 
transformed into reality in a 
country which spans more 
than 270 million people. 

The Congress differed 
markedly from the last, which 
was held under Brezhnev in 
1981. The most visible differ- 
ence: were the vast energy of 
Mr Gorbachov, and his deter- 
mined opposition to any at- 
tempt. to foster a personality 
cult around him. 

At one stage he rebuked 
angrily the head of the Soviet 
motion picture worker’s union 
for having failed lo abandon 
old habits, and mentioned his 
name repeatedly. 

“Let’s stop declining, 
Mikhail Sergeyevich,” Mr 
Gorbachov snapped. The. 
5.000 delighted delegates 
laughed and clapped. 

On a similar tack, the- 
celebration of his 55th birth- 
day on Sunday passed without 
official celebration, in contrast 
to the lavish tributes showered 
on his predecessors on such 

The new 15-year economic 
plan and the new Pany rules 
will now be carried back by the 
delegates to the 15 republics of 
the Soviet Union, inaugurat- 
ing the sian of the second 
stage of the Gorbachov era. 

During it they will be judged 
for their effectiveness in over- 
coming the sluggishness of the 
economy and the stifling pow- 
er of Soviet bureaucracy. 

“it was a Congress filled 
with more self-criticism than 
most people had expected.” 
one diplomat said last night. 
"The acid test will be whether 
fine words can be turned into 
concrete action.” 

Leading article, page 13 

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Peking police clean-op: an anti-grime squad of Chinese police giving traffic barriers a wash 
and brush-np in an officially sponsored spring-cleaning campaign in the capital. 

The high-flyer 

Ex-fitter may win 
number three slot 

From Our Own 

Mr Lev Zaikov, aged 62, the 
former fitter and shop foreman 
who leap-frogged his way into 
one of the leading positions in 
the Kremlin hierarchy yester- 
day with his appointment as a 
full member of the Politburo, 
is a little-known figure who 
unto 1981 was not even a 
member of the Central Com- 

Highly respected in bis 
home dty of Leningrad, where 
he took over control of the 

J fro ? «j* ■»*'«* Mr Zaikov; groomed for 

top economic job. 

rival — he is now expected to ground much favoured by Mr 
assume overall responsibility Gorbadbov. heivasor^inailya 
. for the economic sector. . ■ . protege of Yuri Andropov. ' 

As ooeofonly' "three Krem- After only a brief tenure as 

(in ffgunesio 'be lfeabers of Lemhgrad party chief, he was 
both the. Polfthpro and the first promoted tothesecretari- 
Central Committee secretari- at last Joly, and is understood 
ai,n body whte&'rims the party to have had particular respon- 
macfiinery and provides policy sibility forheavy industry, 
recommendations, be is ex- Mr Zaikov's background 
pected within a short period of parallels that of other leading 
settling-in to emerge as the figures promoted under Mr 
effective number three man in Gorbachov, notably the Prime 
the running of the Soviet Minister; Mr Nikolai 
Union. Ryzhkov and the oMspoken 

Tall and grey-haired, with . new 1 bead of the Moscow 
■ the type of industrial back- party, Mr Boris. Yeltsin. 

The diplomatic giant 

Moscow’s eyes 
in Washington 

From Michael Binyoo, Washington 


Mikhail Gorbachov, 55, elected 
October 1980 

Gaidar Aliyev, 62, elected 
November 1982, first deputy 
chairman of Council of Min- 

Vitaly Vorotnikov, 60, elected 
December 1983, chairman of. 
Russian Federation Council ot 

Andrei Gromyko, 76, elected 
April 1973, President 
Lev Zaikov, 62. elected yes- 
terday, member of CG 

Dmmukhamed Kunayev, 74, 
elected April 1971. First Sec- 
retary of Kazakhstan Com-* 
muritst Party 

Yegor Ujgacftov, 65, elected 
April. 1985. Kremlin's Number 2 
and Secretary of Central 
Committee. Also member of 
Secretariat as is Gorbachov 
Nikolai Ryzhkov, 56, elected 
April 1965, head of KGB 
Mikhail Solomentsev, 72, 
elected December 1983, chair- 
man, party control committee 
Viktor Chebrflcov, 62, elected 
April 1985, head of KGB 
Eduard Shevardnadze, 58, 
elected July 1985, Foreign Min- 

Vladimir Shcherbitsky, 67, 
elected April 1971, First Sec- 
retary of Ukrainian Communist 

With the departure of 
Anatoly Dobrynin. Washing- 
ton is losing a giant of the 
' diplomatic scene here. Mr 
Dobrynin, the Soviet Ambas- 
sador for the past 24 years, has 
played a central role in every 
development in Soviet-Amer- 
iran relations since lhe Cuban 
missile crisis. 

A jovial, burly man he has 
dealt with every American 
President since Kennedy, and 
negotiated with seven Secre- 
taries of State. He has attend- 
ed eight summits, helped 
negotiate four major arms 
agreements, reported lo five 
Soviet party leaders and rid- 
den the rollercoaster in Soviei- 
American relations up and 
down through Cuba, the Viet- 
nam war; in vasion of Czecho- 
slovakia. detente, the Salt 
arms agreement.' Afghanistan, 
the Polish crisis and last 
November's summit. 

Mr Dobrynin, aged 67. and ' 
dean of the world's biggest 
diplomatic corps, became as 
much a fixture of Soviel 
foreign policy as his long-time 
boss. Mr Andrei Gromyko. 
His personal influence in exe- 
cuting Soviet policy was so 
considerable that all real nego- 
tiations tended to go through 
the Soviet Embassy here, rath- 
er than the US Embassy in 
Moscow, to the occasional 
bitterly expressed chagrin of 
American diplomats there. 

The relationship with* Dr 
Henry- Kissinger was so close 
that Mr Dobrynin had a 
special arrangement allowing 
his car to drive directly to a 
private entrance from the 
State Department car park. As 
a symbol of Mr Reagan's new 
tough line towards Moscow, 
this privilege was withdrawn 
after fits Administration took 

However, Mr Dobrynin's 
knowledge of the US political 

system and congressmen is 
unrivalled. For this reason, it 
is being suggested by Mr 
Zbigniew Brzezinski. Presi- 
dent Carter's national security 
adviser. Mr Gorbachov may- 
wish to have him by his side in 
Moscow because Soviet for- 
eign policy over lhe past year 
— especially towards the US — 
appears to have floundered. 

Mr Brzczinski, who knew 
Mr Dobrynin well said that 
Mr Gorbachov had been ad- 
vised essentially by 
“propagandists.” like Mr 
Georgi Arbatov, head of the 
USA Institute in Moscow, 
whom Mr Dobrynin was said 
to hate. 

“1 wouldn't be surprised 
that Dobrynin’s going to the ! 
Secretariat is part of an effort j 
to strengthen the Soviet han- ; 
dling of the American rela- 
tionship. while at the same 
time promoting perhaps some 
degree of accommodation 
with us”. 

Mr Dobrynin has been cred- 
ited with streamlining the 
image and operations of the 
Soviet Embassy considerably 
during his long tenure. 

Regardless of political ten- 
sions. he always presented a 
courteous public image, never 
indulged in personal polemics 
against any Administration 
figure, and was a fixture of the 
Washington social scene. He 
frequently arranged piano 
recitals and other cultural 
events at his embassy. 

Within the confines of the 
prevailing rules in Moscow, he 
nevertheless opened up Soviet 
information policy, allowing 
his diplomats greater leeway 
in their dealings with the 
press. He wrote an article for 
The Washington Post only 
■two weeks ago. in which he 
urged America to take lhe new 
Soviet arms proposals serious- 

gets press 

From Richard Bassett 

Spokesmen for the Austrian 
Justice Ministry' and Foreign 
Ministry denied yesterday 
making available any docu- 
ments to The New York 
Times showing that Dr Kurt 
Waldheim, the former Secre- 
tary- General of the United 
Nations had been linked to 
Nazi atrocities in the Balkans. 

The New York Times re- 
ported earlier this week that 
the documents obtained from 
these ministries showed that 
Dr Waldheim had been deco- 
rated for service under fire 
during his unit’s reprisals 
against Yugoslav civilians and 
had joined Nazi party organi- 
zations at the age of 19. 

The denials were widely- 
supported by the Austrian 
press yesterday. The media 
are, almost without exception, 
backing Dr Waldheim who is 
running for the presidency of 
Anstria in the May Selections. 

“Nothing to do with trans- 
portation of Jews” proclaimed 
a banner headline in the 
Vienna daily Kurier. 

An interview given by Herr 
Johann Anf, a war artist, who 
served with Dr Waldheim in 
the Balkans, defended his war 
record and denounced allega- 
tions that Dr W'aldeim could 
have known anything about 
the mass transportation of 
Jews from Salonika to Ausch- 
witz or of harsh reprisals 
against civilians. 

Even the Socialist Party- 
newspaper Arbeiter Zeitung 
acknowledged that while a 
man who had enrolled in the 
SA, Hitler's paramilitary 
brownshirts, was by no means 
ideal for the post of .Austria's 
President, he wonld be “ac- 
ceptable to most Austrians". 

The image of a frail old 
politician hounded by Ameri- 
can journalists and television 
crews has now emerged in the 
Austrian media and several 
people familiar with Austrian 
politics believe that if Dr 
Waldheim survives the next 
few days, be cannot fail to win 
the election. 

Sri Lanka is 
accused of 
killing Tamils 

From Alan McGregor 

The search for a peaceful 
solution 10 Sri Lanka's ethnic 
problem has received a serious 
setback. Dr Gauge Singh, the 
Indian delegate, told the Unit- 
ed Nations Human Rights 
Commission here yesterday. 

“Blatant killings ofinnocent 
civilians through ground, na- 
val and air actions are begin- 
ning to look like foe 
victimization of the enure 
community of Sri - Lankan 
Tamils by the security forces, 
he said. 

“Very dear evidence is now 
emanating that violence di- 
rected against the Tamils -is , 
indiscriminate and makes no j 
distinction between those en- 
gaged in conflict and innocent 
civilians, whether men. wom- 
en of even children/Tie told 
the 43-nnion body. 







Secondhand and / hi A 

Antiquarian Bonks. f J mSS j 


Egypt admits 
riot toll is 
triple estimate 

From Alice Brinton 

Updated figures of 107 
deaths and 719 injuries is last 
week’s riots in Cairo, tripling | 
the original official estimate of 
. those Rilled, coincide much 1 
more closely with what several 
observers, both Western and 
Egyptian, believe to be the 
truth. . _ - ! 

Ai-Ahram, the semiofficial 
Cairo newspaper, yesterday 
quoted a senior police officer. 
Major General Farouk al- 
Heini, as saying that 104 
people died in Cairo, where 
the riots began when security i 
conscripts took to the streets, j 
Egy ptian authorities have j 
also reported that three people j 
died in Asyut, 180 miles south j 
of Cairo, when mutineers set 
fire to a rice depot . I 

The new Interior Minister, 
Mr Zaki Bad* said that 8,000 
conscripts were still at large. It 
is not clear whether all took 
part in the rioting, 

Mr Badr said that more 
than -21,000 of the 282,000 
security conscripts would be 
dismissed within a week. 
■Officials were drawing up a 
list of “unfit elements", in- 
cluding the mentally retarded, 
handicapped and sick and 
those having “aggressive 

There was no further press 
mention yesterday of any 
Islamic fundamentalist con- 
spiracy. Mr Badr had suggest- 
ed prevkwslythat Islamic 
extremists might have infil- 
trated security ; forces, and 
spurred them to riot 

Bomb destroys Mandela office 

From Michael Hornsby; Johannesburg 

The offices of the Release 
Mandela Committee in cen- 
tral Johannesburg were gutted 
early yesterday by what the 
police suspect was a petrol 
bomb. No one was injured. 

Mr Aubrey Mokoena, the 
committee’s publicity secre- 
tary, said that the damage, 
estimated at 200,000 rand 
(£71,420), was too extensive 
to have been caused by a 
petrol bomb. He had no doubt 
a real bomb had been used. 

“We are very suspicious 
about who did this to us." he 
said. “This kind of action will 
not deter us. We have just 
touched the surface of our 

campaign and we will contin- 
ue until victory is certain'*. 

The committee's main func- 
tion is to publicize black 
demands for the release from 
prison of Mr Nelson Mandela, 
former head of the guerrilla 
■ arm of the outlawed African 
National Congress (ANC), 
who was jailed for life for 
sabotage in 1964. 

In unrest during Wednes- 
day night in the black town- 
ship of Aueridgevjlle. near 
Pretoria, a policeman who had 
been hit on the head with a 
stone shot a man dead with his 
pistol, police reported. 

In Duncan Village, near 
East London, a youth was 

Crocker and Russians 
meet on Namibia 

From Mohsin Ali, Washington 

Mr Chester Crocker, the 
State Department's leading 
expert on African affairs, was 
in Geneva yesterday for talks 
with Soviet officials cm the 
Namibia independence dis- 
pute and other southern Afri- 
Ican developments. 

American officials said the 
chances of diplomatic 
progress in southern Africa 
had increased as a result of 
■President Botha’s announce- 
ment on Tuesday that August 
1 be conditionally set for 
beginning implementation of 
a United Nations resolution 
for the independence of Na- 
mibia (South-West Africa). 

Meanwhile., Mr Frank 
Wisner, Mr Crocker’s deputy. 

left Washington for discus- 
sions on Namibia in Zimba- 
bwe, Botswana, South Africa 
and Mozambique. 

The White House has wel- 
comed President Botha’s pro- 
posal conditional on prior 
agreement about a timetable 
for a withdrawal of Cuban 
troops from Angola. 

But the Angolan press agen- 
cy Angop was reported to have 
dismissed the Botha proposal 
because of its linkage to the 
removal of the Cubans. State 
Department sources said, 
however, said that in private 
Angola had agreed in principle 
that the withdrawal of Cuban 
troops was connected to Na- 
mibian independence. 

killed when police fired on a 
black mob allegedly stoning 

Meanwhile, bus services io 
Soweto, the black ghetto out- 
side Johannesburg, were sus- 
pended yesterday morning 
after a black bus driver was 
stoned to death.Buses are 
often attacked simply because 
they are operated by the 

In Durban, two employees 
of the city’s electrical depart- 
ment were slightly burnt when 
a petrol bomb was thrown at 
their vehicle on Wednesday, it 
was announced yesterday. 

David Watt, page 12 

Kohl facing 
perjury claim 
with calm 

From Frank Johnson 

Chancellor Kohl says he is 
facing “with calm'’ an investi- 
gation for alleged false testi- 
mony to a Land parli-' 
amentary committee in 
Rhineland-Palatinate looking 
into business donations to his 
party’s funds when he was 
Land Prime Minister. 

He had heard nothing about 
a second investigation with 
which he is threatened. 

This would involve investi- 
gation of accusations that he 
also gave false testimony to a 
Bundestag committee investi- 
gating the “Flick affair", 
which was to do with allegedly 
illegal donations to parties by 
the industrial concern. 

Fate of hostage 
worries Paris 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

A clearly worried M Roland 
Dumas, the French Foreign 
Minister, said yesterday he 
had received no confirmation 
of a claim that Islamic Jihad.' 
the extremist Muslim group, 
had “executed" one of lhe four 
French hostages being held in 

The claim was made in a 
three-page statement, left ai 
the door of a foreign press 
agency in Beirut on Wednes- 
day. purporting to come from 
the Jihad and a'ccompanied by 
a photograph of the hostage. 
M Michel Seurat, a Franco- 
Arab sociologist, aged 37. He 
looked dishevelled but clearly 

The pro-Iranian Islamic Ji- 
had has claimed responsibility 
for the kidnapping of all four 
French hostages - two diplo- 
mats. Marcel Carton and Mar- 
cel Fontaine, seized on March 
22 Iasi year, and M Seurat and 
Jean-Paul Kauffmann. a jour- 
nalist. who were taken hostage 
two months later. 

In exchange for freeing the 
four hostages, the group de- 
mands. among other things, 
the release of five men impris- 
oned in France who tried to 
assassinate the former Iranian 
Prime Minister. Shahpour 
Bakhtiar. in Paris in 1980. 

In an interview on French 
radio yesterday. M Dumas 
said France had emissaries ai 
work in three capitals — 
Beirut. Tehran and Damas- 
cus. “Those who have taken 
our hostages and those who 
are covering them will be held 
responsible for their lives. If 
there has been a crime, it 
would be unpardonable, and 
would not be pardoned.” 

M Dumas added that so far 
he had no proof of the 
authenticity of the statement 
by Islamic Jihad. 

He pointed out that it had 
been given to a foreign press 
agency, whereas Islamic Jihad 
normally sent its communi- 

ques to the French agency. ' 
Agencc France-Presse: that the | 
statement was much longer 
than the usual Islamic Jihad 
communiques: and that the 
accompanying photograph 
showed M "Seurat as alive.- 

However, he considered 
that the “abominable claim” 
should be taken seriously. 

Among the reasons given in 
the communique for M 
Seurat's “execution” was the 
French Government's deci- 
sion a fortnight ago to de 
port lo Iraq two pro-Iranian 
Iraqi opponents of President 
Saddam Hussein'srcgime. Ac- 
cording to unconfirmed ru- 
mours. the two yen were 
executed on their arrival. 

Commenting on lhe expul- 
sion. M Dumas insisted that 
the French police had “com- 
mitted no fault” The two 
Iraqis had made no protest 
about being sent back to Iraq 
until they were about to board 
the plane and Iraq had given 
an assurance that both were 
alive and being well treated. 

Dr Raad. a French doctor of 
Lebanese origin, who has been 
sent twice to Beirut by France 
to help in the negotiations 
over the hostages, criticized, 
the Govemmcnl yesterday for 
“enormous gaffes" in its han- 
dling of the affair. 

Michel Seurat: seized in 
May of last year 

British lorries stuck 
in Greek strike 

From Mario Modiano. Athens 

At least 23 British lorries 
have been stranded on Greek 
highways for the past 16 days 
by road blocks set up by 
striking Greek truck owners 
pressing their government for 
higher rates and fewer tax 

Near Patras the windscreen 
of one British lorry was 
smashed when the driver tried 
to continue his journey, and 
another British driver was 
beaten up by strikers in 
Levadia. north of Athens, 
when he crashed through the 

The British consul in Ath- 

ens. who went to Patras “to 
show the flag" and to cheer up 
the drivers with gifts of whisky 
and cigarettes, said they were 
well but had decided to stay 

The Greek Government 
said yesterday it was t«ying to 
help scores of Eurcipean lor- 
ries trapped by the strike. 
There arc shortages of fond, 
especially vegetables and fiuil 
as well as fuel in many pari* of 
Greece, and the Government 
has been considering plans to 
requisition the strikeis* vehi- 
cles to force them back on the 





San Francisco (UPI) 
Somebody may have been 
using an office of the Roman 
Catholic Archdiocese of San 
Francisco to “launder” com- 
puters. the San Francisco 
Chronicle reported. 

The diocese bought more 
. than 2.000 computers at spe- 
l cial educational discounts 
i from Apple Computer but 
! only 400 ended up in Church- 
run schools and rectories, the 
paper said. 

The other 1,600 found their 
way back to retailers in New 
York City in a possible 
; S 700.000 (f 473.000) fraud, ac- 
, cording to investigators. 

The Rev, Miles Riley, arch- 
diocese spokesman, said 
Church officials were “pain- 
fully aware” of the situation 
and were trying to resolve it 
The archdiocese had returned 
S57.460 to Apple after a 

preliminary audit. 

Jets collide 
on exercise 

San Clemente Island. Cali- 
fornia (IIPM — Two civilian 
Lear jets hired for a Navy 
radar tracking exercise collid- 
ed over the ocean 60 miles 
southwest of Los Angeles, 
killing the four pilots. 

The planes, owned and 
operated by Flight Interna- 
tional in Carlsbad and leased 
by the Navy, were being 
tracked by sailors on the 
guided missile cruiser USS 
Gridley as pan of a routine 
radar training session when 
the crash occurred. 

Death verdict 

Mays Landing. New Jersey 
(API — A jury convicted an 
insurance executive, aged 46, 
of planning his wife's murder 
and sentenced him to die by 
injection. The man charged 
wnh the actual killing was 

Green out 

Tokyo {Reuter) - After a 
protest from Tokyo, the Unit- 
ed States has withdrawn a 
Greenpeace member from its 
delegation to talks on Japan's 
high seas driftnet fishing tech- 

Custody case 

Seoul (Reuter) - A divorced 
South Korean man won custo- 
dy of his former wife's daugh- 
ter. aged six. who was 
conceived by artificial insemi- 
nation after his sperm count 
was found to be too low. 

Empty jail 

San Marino (Reuter) - The 
only prisoner in the only jail of 
this tiny mountainiop repub- 
lic surrounded by Italy es- 
caped. He was arrested several 
weeks ago on car theft charges. 

Poison award 

Sydney (Reuter) - A wom- 
an. ’ aged 29. who suffered 
brain damage and personality 
changes after eating 17 years 
ago bread contaminated by 
poison used to control bird 
pests was awarded nearly 
$A4 50.000 (£212,000) by a 

Wrong man? 

Barcelona (Reuter) — A 
Spanish survivor of lhe Nazi 
death camp at Treblinka said 
John Dcmjanjuk, held by 
Israel for murders he is alleged 
to have committed in the 
camp, is the wrong man and 
that the camp executioner 
“Ivan The Terrible" was 
killed by an inmate in 1943. 

Rial mess 

Tehran (Reuter) - An Irani- 
an newspaper blamed British 
intelligence agents for starting 
rumours and causing the vir- 
tual disappearance from circu- 
lation of a new 100 rial 

Guru goes 

Athens (Reuter) — Bhagwan 
Shrce Rajneesh. the Indian 
guru who was ousted from the 
US and has shocked the Greek 
Orthodox Church by saying 
people should indulge in sex. 
was deported from Greece and 
headed for Spain 




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antiques. sflkake^nomatoar^Q^unii^it^nc^gener^ytobe 
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Philippines tries to rebuild 

Aquino awaits IMF’s 

blessing for 
$230m boost to loan 

From Michael Hamlyn. Manila 

The bailiffs of the Interna- 
tional Monetary Fund arrive 
in Manila next week to take a 
look at the books and see 
whether the battered economy 
of the Philippines is worthy of 
rescue. Specifically they an? 
coming to see whether guide- 
lines insisted on by the IMF 
have been adhered to. 

On the satisfaction of the 
IMF inquisitors depends the 
release of a new loan tranche 
of $250 million (£153 million) 
— money which the state 
desperately needs, and on 
which depends further aid 
from other international 

It seems plain that the 
guidelines have not been ad- 
hered to. but the governor of 
the Central Bank and the 
country's new Minister of 
Finance both hope that the 
qualities of the new adminis- 
tration. their determination, 
and the sudden picking up in 
the economy over the past few 
days, will be sufficiently im- 
pressive to encourage the 
bankers' optimism. 

Manila plans to ask for a 
deadline extension beyond 
March 3 1 for compliance w ilh 
the guidelines. The Finance 
Minister. Mr Jaime Ongpin. 
says that now the IMF “isn't 
dealing with a bunch of 
thieves, we hope we won't be 
treated like a bunch of 

The optimistic signs in the 

Philippine economy are evi- 
denced by a sudden spurt in 
the value of the peso against 
the dollar. It has climbed 
almost 14 per cent in the past 
week, and people expect it to 
rise still further. Queues have 
formed outside the banks as 
people rush to change their 
dollars. The Central Bank's 
chairman. Mr Jose Fernandez, 
pointed out other hopeful 
signs: the gold and dollar 
acquisition of the Central 
Bank is at an all-time high, 
gold ceased to be bought 
entirely two months ago. 

The Stock Market has also 
begun to perk up. interest rates 
have begun to drop, and 
further measures to take mon- 
ey out of the economy are 
beginning to pay off. Mr 
Fernandez claims. 

Also on the credit side is the 
fact that President Aquino has 
the opportunity to scrap the 
economic structure estab- 
lished by former President 
Marcos, and the international 
climate has a number of 
favourable aspects, observers 

The world economy has 
entered a lime of low interest 
rates and cheaper oil. 

Since the Philippines has 
the largest foreign debt of any 
country in the region, low 
interest rates on its S26 billion 
total must case the problems 
slightly. Oil accounts for half 
the country 's imports. 

Cardinal tells Pope 
of the Church’s role 

From Peter Nichols. Rome 

Vatican protocol was 
stretched yesterday to allow 
Cardinal Sin. the Archbishop 
of Manila, an extra five min- 
utes with the Pope to complete 
his report on the Philippines. 
This was at the expense of the 
Canadian Governor-General, 
Mrs Jeanne Sauve. who was 
waiting to be received. 

The Pope and the cardinal 
were together for 35 minutes. 
It was the first time they had 
seen each other since the fall 
of President Marcos. 

Their talk was private and 
no official statement was is- 
sued. But there is a general 
feeling in the Vatican that the 
meeting went well. The cardi- 
nal had acted on his own 
initiative in giving (he Roman 
Catholic Church in the Philip- 
pines a crucial role in ending 
the rule of the Marcos family. 

At one time there had been 
fears that he might have given 
church backing to one side in a 
civil war. which the Pope 
would certainly have disap- 
proved of. But in the end the 
Cardinal emerged with, and to 
some extent at the head of. the 

There had also been fears 
that the Pope might have felt 

he had gone too far in involv- 
ing the Church in political 
affairs. The cardinal has said 
he acted without consulting 
the papal nundo in' Manila. 
He had. though, tried to 
telephone the Pope at the 
height of the crisis, and was 
told by the Papal Secretariat 
that he was at a meeting. 

Since his arrival here on 
Wednesday. Cardinal Sin has 
been seeking to make clear at 
meetings and briefings that he 
became an advocate of politi- 
cal change in the Philippines 
because of the strong moral, 
and not political, element in- 

He refuses to see his actions 
as a possible precedent for 
closer involvement of the 
Church in politics elsewhere, 
such as Nicaragua or Chile. 
He maintains. and no doubt 
made this clear to the Pope 
should it have been necessary, 
that he was simply dealing 
with the situation in his own 
country and saw no connection 
with what he did there and the 
problems of other countries 
where the Church is tempted 
to enlarge its public role. 

Spectrum, page 10 

Though these improve- 
ments an? significant they tend 
to diminish m size beside the 
Philippine problems. Com- 
pared to other countries in the 
region the Philippines is a 
disaster area. The average 
Singaporean, for example, 
whose country has virtually 
no natural resources at its. 
disposal commands an in- 
come !0 times larger than that 
of the average Filipino. In 
neighbouring Malaysia, the 
infant mortality rate is half the 
rate of the Philippines. 

The Philippines has tended 
to concentrate its export ef- 
forts on electronic goods, agri- 
cultural products, like sugar 
and coconuts, and on textiles 
and copper. All these are areas 
which are suffering a battering 

The economic situation has 
been aggravated by the ineffi- 
cient system of ranels and 
crony-owned or government- 
owned and crony-directed 
businesses which proliferated 
under the Marcos regime. In 
particular-, ihc economic scene 
has been hugely afTected by 
ihe order from Mr Marcos to 
the Central Bank virtually to 
print money to finance the 
election campaign. 

Some of those chickens arc 
now coming homo to roost 
with the current flood of 
recently issued treasury war- 
rants being presented lor pay- 
ment. Some banks were 
reported yesterday to be refus- 
ing to accept the warrants. 

The Government of Mrs 
Aquino is not too anxious to 
honour these warrants, but to 
dishonour them would call 
into question the 
Government's credit stability. 

In addition, as the political 
situation of the Marcos family 
and their friends worsened 
following the assassination of 
Mr Bemgno Aquino in Au- 
gust. I9S3. they and their 
cronies were believed to have 
transferred out of the country- 
huge amounts of capital. Mr 
Stephen Solan, a New York 
Congressman at present in 
Manila, described it yesterday 
as the “biggest government- 
led flight of capital anywhere 
in the world.” 

The Commission on Good 
Government considers that 
the Marcos holdings overseas 
.are . somewhere between $5 
bitlionand S 10 billion. Even 
the £350 million-worth of 
property, which the Marcoses 
own in Manhattan would go 
some way to alleviating the 
problems if some way could 
be found of repatriating the 

• Congress invitation: A US 
congressional delegation visit- 
ing Manila yesterday extended 
a "rare invitation "from the 
Speaker of the House. Mr 
Thomas O'Neill, to President 
Aquino to address a joint 
session of Congress later this 
year (UPI reports). 

Jury sends Mafia chiefs to jail 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

After a trial which revealed 
chilling details of Mafia sav- 
agery. six reputed top mob- 
sters spent their first day in jail 
yesterday for running a mur- 
derous international car theft 

The national clampdown on 
the Mafia is finally bringing 
tangible results. For 16 days 
an anonymous Manhattan 
jury listened to a series of 
ghastly stories and was con- 
fronted with a seamy cast of 
characters, including a gay 
hitman who sent out for pizza 
while butchering bodies. The 
guilty verdict is a remarkable 
triumph for the FBI. 

Eight men. who stayed 
stony-faced throughout, were 
accused of running the car 
racket for Paul Castellano, 
former head of the infamous 
Gambino family, who was 
murdered on the street last 
September outside his 
favourite sicakhouse in Man- 

Four rows of wives, girl 
friends and relatives sat silent- 
ly in the courtroom as a soft- 
voiced woman who headed 
the jury kept on repeating 
“guilty" as a multitude of 
charges were read oul 

Judge Kevin Duffy declared 
a mistrial on murder counts 

against two of the defendants, 
who were also cleared of 
involvement in the car theft 
operation. Tw-o of the other 
defendants were convicted of 
murder and face life imprison- 
ment. Sentencing is due next 

The trial was the first in a 
series of mob cases developed 
by the office of the Manhattan 
LIS Attorney. Dozens of mob- 
sters have been indicted, in- 
cluding the heads of the city's 
so-called five families. 

Three other mob trials will 
start soon, focusing on loan 
sharking, extortion, jury tam- 
pering and narcotics. 

Clint Eastwood, the film actor, who is standing for mayor in 
Carmel, California, stops for the photographers outside City 
Hall before attending a council meeting. He wants to become 
more familiar with local issues. 

Hunt for Palme's killer 

Dragnet launched 
for the lean man 

From Christopher Mosey. Stockholm 

As the painstakingly recon- 
structed impression of the face 
of the assassin of the Swedish 
Prime Minister. Mr Olof 
Palme, was spread worldwide 
yesterday, police said they 
were investigating thousands 
of new lips from the public. 

The face stared from televi- 
sion screens in Sweden at 
regular intervals and from 
posters at airports, harbours 
and road exits: that of a lean. 
grim-Iooking man. aged 35 to 
40. European or perhaps Le- 
vantine.. with a long nose. 

Fotokit of the wanted man: 
very dangerous, say police. 

bushy, eyebrows, a mass of 
dark hair and a thin-lipped, 
bitter mouth. 

Police warned: “If you rec- 
ognize him. contact the police 
directly. Observe him. then 
ring the police. This man is 
extremely dangerous. Do not. 
repeal not. attempt to tackle 
him yourself." 

The killer was pictured 
wearing an open-ncck shirt 
and pullover. 

Police Superintendent Ulf 
Abrahamsson said: “We be- 
lieve this to be the face of the 
murderer." It was constructed 
during ihe night by the police, 
aided by a sophisticated Japa- 
nese photokii machine flown 

in from Wiesbaden. West 
Germany, with two German 
police experts. 

It is based principally on a 
sketch made by a 22-year-old 
woman portrait painter who 
fleetingly saw a man thought 
lo be tne killer in the light of a 
street lamp as he paused just 
before jumping into his get- 
away car. 

The woman sketched her 
impression soon afterwards. 
This was used, together with 
evidence from witnesses at the 
scene of last Friday's murder 
and from the handful of 
people who saw the killer as he 
made his escape. 

However, no one got a good 
look at the killer, not even — 
despite what was once thought 
- Mr Palme's widow. LisbeL 

The assassin, described by 
police as “a professional 
murderer", fired one shot in 
the back that killed Mr Palme 
almost immediately, then a 
second at Mrs Palme as she 
turned to see what had hap- 

With only five Swedish 
regional police forces having 
telephoto equipment, a regret- 
table element of farce entered 
the hum as police in outlying 
districts were advised to con- 
tact their local newspapers to 
get copies of the picture. 

Palme has been put forward 
for the 1986 Nobel Peace 
Prize, reliable sources said 
here yesterday (AFP reports). 
A group of Norwegian MPs of 
various political parties put 
the suggestion to the Nordic 
Council, meeting here, the 
sources said. 

Traditionally, the prize is 
not awarded posthumously, 
the only exception being in 
1 96 1 when it was awarded to 
the United Nations Secretary 
GcneraL Dag Hammarskjold. 
killed in a suspicious plane 
crash in what is now Zaire. 

stops Nato 

From Tony Samstag 

One of the largest Nato 
winter exercise ever organized 
was cancelled yesterday be- 
fore it had begun after at least 
13 Norwegian soldiers died in 
an avalanche in the Arctic 
Circle. Three men are still 
missing, presumed dead, from 
a party of 31. 

The exercise, coden am ed 
“Anchor Express" and involv- 
ing 20,000 troops from eight 
Nato countries, was to have 
started just after midnight 
yesterday. But the avalanche 
struck early on Wednesday 
afternoon as pah of the Nor- 
wegian Brigade North was 
making its way up “a snow- 
covered slope hi the remote 
Vassdaien region. 

One survivor. Private 
Svenn Arne Si monsen. said: 
“Ii was all over in - 15 
seconds." It took- the first 
rescue party about an hour to 
reach Private Sixnonsen and 
his comrades. 

Hundreds of men. using 
tracker dogs and helicopters in 
blizzard conditions, contin- 
ued the search through the 
night. As the death loll mount- 
ed and conditions worsened 
Nato's senior allied com- 
manders met through the 
night in emergency session. 
The decision to cancel Anchor 
Express was announced early 

Criticism has^ already 
emerged of the decision to 
deploy the men in such appall- 
ing conditions. Norway's De- 
fence Chief. General Frederik 
Bull-Hansen. admitted yester- 
day that avalanches were very 
unusual at this time of year in 
the area, which had been 
chosen as ideal for the 

But there had been 
warnings. Private Simonsen 
said his party had seen two 
small avalanches earlier in the 
afternoon and had reported 
them to the exercise leader. 
Major-General Martin 
VadseL The order had- come 
back to carry on. 

It is possible that smaller 
military exercises will contin- 
ue on safer terrain. Among 
them is a demonstration of an 
amphibious landing by Dutch 
and British marines for Mr 
George Younger. Secretary of 
State for Defence, who has 
been representing Britain in 
preparations for the exercise. 

Yesterday flags at Nato 
headquarters to the west of 
Oslo were at half-mast. 


The most remarkable fea- 
ture of the American political 
scene at the moment is the 
absence of any burning issue. 
A potential time-bomb per- 
haps, but no subject that is the 
centre of attention 

and controversy. 

It would have been di ffere nt 
if the Philippines had turned 
sour. As it is. United States 
diplomacy has had an unex- 
pected success. So the argu- 
ment is merely whether this 
was due to the 
Administration's good man- 
agement or good luck — an 
interesting topic for discus- 
sion, but not the kind of 
question to set a nation alight. 

The Gramm-Rudman legis- 
lation to cut the budget deficit 
year by year until it is bal- 
anced in 1991. is the subject of 
much talk In Washington. Bat 
it does not seem to have 
attracted similar attention 
around the country as yet. 
Even in Washington it is still 
more of a warning of explo- 
sions to come rather than an 
immediate disturbance to the 
political peace. That is why it 
is a potential time bomb rather 
than a burning Issue. 

This atmosphere of ca hr 
in large measure a tribute 
the President's political skill. 
He conveys to the general 
public the air of a man at peace 
with himself, his job aid his 

When the record of the 
Reagan Administration comes 
to be written, his greatest 
contribution will be seen to 
hare been that he restored 
confidence to the American 
people and prestige to the 
office of president. After the 
traumas of Watergate and 
Vietnam, and before then the 
assassinations, thq^e are hs- 
toric accomplishments. - 

Because his achievements, 
rest upon his personal style, 
more.tiian upon any particular 
policy or specific success, he 
does not suffer from the 
normal limitations of a lame 
duck President. He has had 
some substantive successes; 
not least la terms of economic 

rag to? -rX-ic 

Sg gBUSjw ” 

Tim wstponnocm « awk- 
ward choices has hewm w 
sense his gre*l«* “■* 
is also a major rilSW fiirjmc 
present air of Ihe 

immediate effect of Gramm- 
R adman is to « «***&* «jne 

’"’instead of ihe politicuui* 
making the really hard choices 
now they b*** **5™ i* 0 ** 
mechanism that require. 

the really hard choices to he 
made in the ftanre - **& 
people do not get excited about 

mechanisms-. ■ . 

It is in the budget field that 
President Reajpn. h** hraseff 
most conspicuously postponed 
the awkward decisions. He b 
still behaving as rf he thmksfe 
possible to move tow aids nr 
elimination of the deficit with- 
out either increasing taxes or 
entting the planned level of 
defence spending, . 

This may be just a matter «- 
tactics. Mr Reagan may .sim- 
ply be intent on avoiding any 
concessions before the truly : 
hard bargaining begMs. But 
nn le ss Gramm-Rudman fe 
emasculated in the Supreme 
Court, that protest is unlikely 
to be long postponed. 

Severe pressure 
on the budget 

There are some people m 
Washington who believe that 
the continued growth of the 
economy wiH so increase gov- 
ernment revenue as to. relieve 
pressure on the Budget. At- , 
ready the Cougressio*™ Bud- 
get Office has scaled down its 
estimate of the likely deficit. 
But unless this trend continues 
in quite dramatic fashion the 
effect of the legislation will be 
to put severe pressure on the 
Budget probably for 1 987 and 
certainly for 1988. 

Wfaeo (bat moment comes 
either defence spending wflf 
have to be cut and taxes raised 
or the Gramm-Rndmaa legis- 
lation will have to be amended. 
There is no possibility of (he 
kind of Budget that the Presi- 
dent has presented to Con- 
gress for next year being 
passed as it stands. Congress 
win not agree to drastic reduc- 
tions in domestic programmes 
while sharply increasing de- 
fence expenditure and doing 
nothing about taxes. 

So one or other of the 
Administration's cherished 
policies wHl have to be sacri- 
ficed. With any other Presi- 
dent one would predict a 
political explosion at that 
point. There may be one. But 
Mr Reagan has the political 
skill to change course, do a 
deal, and move oa serenely, 
leaving this as one more issue 
that fails to burn him. 

Two tanker crew die in 
Iranian rocket attack 

Bahrain (Reuter) — At least 
two seamen were , killed and 
seven others wounded in a 
rocket attack which, left a 
Cypriot tanker. laden with 
27.000 tonnes of petrol blaz- 
ing in the Gulf, shipping 
sources said. 

First reports said four men . 
had died in the attack yester- 
day on the 30.292-lon Wise, 
but one source later said the 
death toll was thought lo be 
two. The attack, apparently 
mounted by an Iranian heli- 
copter. was the eighth on 
shipping in the Gulf in 12 

The dead and injured and 
the rest of the 22-man crew 
had been taken to Abu Dhabi 
by helicopter, the sources said. 
Their nationalities were not 

At least two tugs were 
fighting a blaze in the accom- 
modation section of the Wise, 
which was bound for Australia 
carrying petrol loaded on 
Wednesday at Bahrain. The 
fire had so far been confined 
to the stem, lessening the 
chances of the cargo explod- 
ing, the sources said. 

• PARIS: The Ministry of 
Defence said yesterday it was 
to take legal action against the 
French company. Luchaire. 
for. "violation of regulations 
relating to the export of war 
material" after allegations that 
French arms had been sold to 
Iran (Diana Geddes writes). 

The Ministry said that its 
investigation into the allega- 
tions had revealed that 
Luchaire had used false docu- 
ments “io divert arms ship- 
ments to a country with which 
it did not have permission to 
deal". The managing director 
of the company had admitted 
the facts, it added. 

On Wednesday, the French 
Government vigorously "de- 
nied reports that it had given 
permission for the sale of any 
arms to Iran. 

According to those reports, 
based on information from 
Lloyd's, the Nicole, a 3,000- 
lon cargo ship laden with arms 
supposedly destined for Por- 
tugal. Brazil and Thailand, 
sailed from Cherbourg to the 
Iranian port of Bander-Abbas 
last October. 

Haiti jail 

Port-au-Prince (Reuter) — 
Haiti yesterday declared a 
general amnesty and the 
capital's biggest jail was emp- 
tied of murderers, thieves and 
other criminals. 

The ruling National Coun- 
cil declared the amnesty after 
rioting on Tuesday in the 
National Prison here during 
which inmates started fires 
and smashed furnishings in 
protest at conditions. 

Witnesses said that among 
prisoners released wen? many 
who had been arrested by the 
Tontons Macoutc, the dread- 
ed secet police, and kept in 
prison up to three vears 
without charge. The Toiitons 
were disbanded when former 
President-for-Life Jean- 
Claude Duval ier was forced to 
flee the country last month. . 

One of the council’s first 
actions was to free ail political 

By the afternoon only uni- 
formed guards remained in 
the jail in Port-au-Prince, 
playing cards and listening to 
the radio. 

A couple of this 


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Inquiry blames pilot for liner disaster 

The "New. Zealand pilot of 
the Soviet CTtrisc liner Miiftaril 
Lermontov ms blamed in an 
official report yesterday for 
navjgatinRthe ship on in rncta 
off New ZealancTi Sooth Is- 
land on February 16 while the 
Soviet master wa^pbi on fee 

lawyers refused all comment . 
The -official report referred 
several .times to Captam 
Jamison’S ‘‘sadden dednon” 
to navigate through the pas- 
sage between Cape Jackson 
headland and an offshore 

The preliminary marine in- 
quiry into the tanking of the 

2G,0QOtOime liner maltra it 

clear that the pflqt, Captain 
Don Jamison* did not consult 
charts or Captain Vladislav 
Vorobyov before he -made a 

: It said he made tire decision, 
without - consulting any other 
person, when the {hip's master 
was absent from the 'bridge. 
amt the safe navigation of the 
ship was the responsibility of ; 
the Senior deck officer on. 
watch. Scran Stepanishchev. 
Had die original course' been 
maintained, the ship would 
have been safe. 

The report found that the 




most 1 - 


“sudden decision” to take die Vi 
ship through a pas sag e be- ru 
£> tween a beacon and a head- Ja 
land usually used only by tit 
small launches and fishing a] 
craft ■ pj 

One Soviet seaman died, ai 
but the rest of the 740 passen- 
gers and crew were rescued J: 
when the ship sank less than g: 
five hours after its hull was d: 
ripped open. . ti 

The New Zealand Trans- n 
port Minister, Mr Richaid » 
Prebble, who released the tl 
report, said Captain Jamison tl 
had surrendered his coastal a! 
pilot’s licence. . ' si 

Captain Jamison and his 

- Zia draws 
the line on 


From Hasan Akhtar 

President XZia utHaq of 
Pakistan, in a speech here, 
called the disposed state of 
Kashmir the country’s jugulin 
vein »nd said eight and a naif 
million Muslim Pakistanis 
could never think of m akin g 
any compromise bn fee issue. 

He was speaking on 
Wednesday night at a dinner 
given for him by the recently 
elected leader of the Pakistani 
part of Kashmir, Sardar Abdul 


mir issue should be resolved— 

by India, which holds most 
part of the disputed state — 
peacefully and honourably* m 

- accordance with United' Na- 
tions resolutions' _ 

Mr Yaqub Khan, the.Mo- 
stan Foreign hmhister, ■*&**■. 
ed on Wednesday fee Indian 

> Foreign Ministers , recent I 
ctajm that the Siacbin glacier, I 
close to the border wife Ctana, 
was part of what was described 
“■ as “occupiccT Jammu and 

K MrVhqubKhan told Pariia- 
ment that fee 8^ CT J^j**£ 
% historically unfcrWtetoa* 

■ * control, bat he urged MPs not 

to debate the issue at this time, 

as the defence secr etarie s^ of 
Pakistan and India were aue 

full sliced, with both engines 
on full ahead at fee time of 
impact. The only person given 
instructions by Captain 
Jamison was the helmsman, 
Anatoly Burin. 

A series of shocks were' fHt 
on impact, astaiboard Bst 
developed, and Captain 
Vorobyov and 'other officers 
rushed to the bridge. Captain 
Jamison took no further no- 
tion in his capacity as pilofc 

greets the 

From Tony Duboudin 

Melbourne turned on a 
scorching welcome for the 

Queen on her first fall day in 

Victoria wife the temperature 
soaring to 38C (100 F). The 
temperature aside, fee rest tn 

the weknme was abo warm. 

There was no attempt to 
throw anything at the Queen , 
mm hoses on her, expose 
breasts, bottoms, or break Into 
her motorcade. 

part of Port Cane in which to 
anchor or beach fee ship. 

The report said Captain 
Jamison bad previously navi- 
gated small craft, with 
draughts of up to about '6ft, 
through the passage, but had 
no detailed knowledge of the 
soundings and obstructions is 
the passage. But he had seen 
the largest-scale chart of fee 
area, much showed the pas- 
sage to be foul ground. 

Tim inquiry found ' that 

Tfrr’—I id fit doomed Sorie* Bug, photographed fro™ » tphe*™” 1 * bo * t - 

criticisms, 'df the finefs hfe ~ . 

boats and 'lifesaving apjfe- * ^ B Bb 

ances were not borne out by *:> 7* • . vnSH 

fee evidence (nesemed .to the 

inquiry, ; 

It quoted Captain John 

• Brew, master of fee NZ inte r- -:r.: -V •’ ' ’. --m ' •“ <• '-{■ 1 

island feny Arahura, .winch h - i 

pbyed a-mafor pan m fee ^7^4 

rescue, as saying feat fee V f \ tj.S| v. ^ 

abandonment of the vessel, K~\ ' • • "V sm 'i- , - : * 

without loss of Kft or serious !! " 

injury, was a credit to Captain V /; . • 1 ; _ ; '/ 

Vorobyov, his officos and '• . jr 

crew and a feat deserving the ' y. 

of events 

beyond reasonable doubt, no 3 ml the absolved: Captain Jmmsoa, the 

further formal investigation D not. left, and Captain Vorobyov, master of the finer. 

- would be . held. ¥ . — 1 *~ 

I ||y yruwvu 

Edinburgh attended a tradi- 
tional earden party at Govern- 
ment House for 5,000 people 
who braved fee swdtermg 
temperature and fee flies to 
catch a rinnpse of fee sover- 
eiga. Tt«Ooe« managed to 
look coolhnt several times had 

to brush ffies from her face- 
The invited garden party 

half a mile down the drive. 

They were served scones, 
tea and coffee while they 
waited for the Queen to ap- 
pear. For one woman. Miss 
Elsa Davis, it was all worth- 
while. Miss Davis, who has 

corresponded wife Bucking- 
ham Palace for 20 years and 
has written many songs about 
the Royal Family, had a brief 
chat wife the Queen. 

After hmch the royal party 
spent a quiet afternoon before 
joining thousands of people to 
watch the Moomba Festival 
pageant on the Yarra River. 


Gonzalez fights 
back as polls 
show Nato defeat 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Spain’s ruling Socialist Par- “ d t *Snf ” *“ 
ty sought to redouble ^ Vanguardia poll gave 

^ p Snr^' voles ” <128 

fcJ^ntonfour'^Me opinion 

polls showing a majorty of ^ f ^ 0 ? v n ^eina 


sSfeac-^ SsBSs 

pSJed^ring negative figures, fc^n todly eamest.^ 
as did a ftmrtl 1 . PoDcwmb ?®J^ f0n5O Guerra, the Dep- 
from three Spanish pnvately- Prime Minister, 

owned poll “^totesjoohng a raUy of Socialist 

their resouree L® 1 L?^ri nTS sympathizers, told them they 
expense as a conjn^ 110 ^^ murt“sweat it out even more 
wtot is undoubt^Uy fee w turn around the trend, 

agitated public debate Spam . p . 

h£ seen m almost nine y»is 

0f TShS5 r rf Spain’s seven SHSSvd IS to 34 

“SxSof'-mS 5 - asvfflrrfls 
l ^^ wmmmraore 

thrCC ^SSofe^of ToS SpaSards^to Sik fee other 

! iElfSH 

=^g^SS40Md4A along wife fee US. 

to meet w Tj- 

a second tune in April. Pala- 
stani and Indian troops are 
said to be confronting one 

another on thei gbgCT at a 

height of about 18,OOOjV 
There has been a nouceafite 
. hostility in statements issued 
by officials of the two coun- 
tries in recoiiyree*sL 
Meanwhile, Presdent 23a 
took the Pakistani press to 
task for publishmg reports 
^ifCwores between 


suggesuns unw r-— 

himand his Pnme Minister, 
He said such reports ywc® 
attempt to harm the unity and 
stability of Pakistan. 

One abortion 
in Italy 
every minu te 

amt (>JT) 

ea are shunntogfe®^® 11 ^^ 

S. pm ^ 

Demographic Educati^^ 





i ?.i/ 

Concert drops 

Mrs Reagan 

WssMagton <aTOj^venl 


musicians rempveaaw»“ 



cvent toto a fflUS jc 

offensive lyncs ano 



to be removea 




»:> v- 



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The going’s better at the 

On Monday the drab 
British betting shop 
will receive a 
dramatic facelift 
when restrictions on 
the serving of 
refreshments are 
lifted. On the 
racecourse, though, 
the future looks grim 

T be British betting shop is 
a drab and cheerless 
place, functional and 
unwelcoming. Only the 
bare necessities are grudgingly 
provided — pages from that day's 
racing press pinned on the walls, a 
scattered selection of betting slips, 
a few stools, plastic ashtrays and, 
at the business end, a counter 
behind which bored tellers take 
punters' money, and, less often, 
give it back. 

The only touch of colour comes 
when the marker writes up the 
results on a board, in red. green 
and blue felt pens; but even he is to 
be replaced by a black-and-white 

The starkness is deliberate, 
decreed by government policy. 
But from next Monday, with little 
publicity and minimal parliamen- 
tary debate, betting shops will be 
given the go-ahead to change their 
image. They will be allowed to 
serve non-alcoholic drinks and 
snacks, and for the first time show 
racing — and other sporting events 
— on television. These changes 
will affect not just betting shop 
habits and finances, but the future 
and shape of racing itself. 

Belting shops were legalized 
only 26 years ago. Before I960, 
betting on horse racing was al- 
lowed only at the racecourse or on 
credit (an attempt to confine it to 
the affluent classes). 

A network of illegal betting 
developed, with the 
street-corner “bookie's 
runner" as its central 
operator. It was accompanied, 
inevitably, by corruption, protec- 
tion rackets and underworld vio- 

The legalization of off-course 
cash betting was prompted by the 
fact that the ban was ineffective. 
There followed, after a Royal 
Commission and years of indeci- 
sion. a typically hypocritical Brit- 
ish compromise; betting shops 
would be allowed as long as they 
were unpleasant and inhospitable. 

A person determined to put a 
cash bet on a horse or greyhound 
would be able to do so. but would 
be given no incentive lo linger. At 
one stage, the government consid- 
ered creating an offence of “loiter- 
ing in a betting shop". The only 
concession was to allow race 
commentary over a radio system 
in the shop. However, it bad to be 
delivered in a monotone, with no 
variation of pitch. 

Officially, all that has changed is 
that the determined punter will be 
able to bet in slightly more 
comfort. But no one in the betting 
or racing industry believes that 


From Monday, betting shops wW 
beabtetot .. 

• Show five or recorded horse and 
dog radng and other sporting 
events but no noo-sportmg 

progr a m m e s . The screen cannot 
be over 30 inches wide. 

• Sell snacks and non-alcohote 

drinks, either through-vending 
machines or over a ownser. 
Alcohol, sandwiches and cakes are 
banned. ‘ . 

• Increase the advertisements m 

their windows t«t TV or other 

moving pictures in windows are 
forbidden. ; 

in the first phase oF betting dH>p 
television, when only BBC and 
JTV coverage will be shown, but 
with the arrival, probably within a 
\ear. of satellite television exclu- 
sive to the belling shops. The plan 
is to cover one full race meeting — 
six races — every day. as well 
one greyhound meeting. Why 
should the punier struggle to a 
racecourse, often out of town, in 
bad weather, to see racing be couhl 
watch on die television in the 
warmth and comfort of a shiny 
new betting shop ? 

The racecources are starting to 
n ego tiate with companies and' 
consortia interested in acquiring 
rights to beam radng from satel- 
lites to the betting shops. The front 
nuiner so for is Satellite Racing 
Development a company set up 

with the backing • 

l Four. 

Big bucks: in the United States, the punters’ pleasnredome at Caesars Palace offers the betting fraternity the latest in hi-tech luxury. The race and sports book boasts 
seating for four hundred, more than 20 video screens giving live sports and results services, and a large buffet Drinks are on the house - 

‘The Nevada sports book is the nearest thing to gambling heaven’ 

The king of the Las Vegas 
oddsmakers is Michael 
Roxborough. known 
wherever bets on sporting events 
are made as “Roxy". You 
want a line (price) on a football 
match, a baseball game, 
college basketball or any other 
event coast to coast, Roxy 
has got it 

Off-track betting is illegal in 
the United States except in 
Nevada. No doubt a good 
deal of money is wagered in tbe 
rest of the country thro ugh 
illegal bookmakers. Maybe 
some of the money finds its 
way to Nevada. Bnt punters 
most be physically present in 
the “sports book", as the betting 
shops are called. 

Tbe set-np in the Nevada 

sports books is the nearest thing 
to gambling heaven yet 
devised. Imagine a lecture hall 
with rows of seats, each with 
its own table top, banked op in a 
wide semi-cirde. Down 
below, across the front of tbe 
room, isa line of six or eight 
television monitors showing live, 
every race meeting, every 
football game, eveiy important 
sporting event taking place in 
the United States. Behind the 
television screens are the 
betting windows. 

Drinks are on the house. 

Roxy, aged 35. a political 
science graduate, explains that 
the line Is calculated on the 
basis that the player bets 11 to 
win ]0. This gives the 
bookmakers an edge which is 

very hard to beat 
In football games - daring 
the season tbe whole country 
comes to a stop on Sunday 
afternoons — the price is in the 
form of a spread of the score 
between the two teams. 

Thus yon might see on the 
board: 49ers — 13% 

A punter betting on the 49ers 
must deduct 1346 points from 
tbe team before the ball has 
even been kicked: to win the bet, 
the 49ers most win by more 
than 13 Vi points. A punter 
hacking the other team wiD 
win if his team loses by less than 
this margin, or wins outright. 
This is the line, which the 
oddsmakers like Roxy supplies 
to tbe sports book operators. 

“I make the line according to my 

assessment of the teams", 

Roxy says, “The price most look 
attractive to supporters of 
both the 49ers and the underdog 

Whichever side the punter 
chooses, he wagers in the ratio 
of 11 to win 10. In Las Vegas, 
where big gamblers* passion for 
their favourite football teams 
tor outweighs their judgment of 
form, very big sums indeed 
are bet, like 5100,000 to win just 
over 590,000. 

The prices on horse races 
come dhrect from the track. 

The sports books have not 
had it all their own way in recent 
years. Figures for 1985, just 
published, show that Nevada • 
sports books* “handle" (total 
money wagered) was 

S8854HHM)00 and “win** was 
521,000.000, or 248 per cent 
The previous year showed a 
retisnof 23 percent 
The margins are very fine, 
because of the cost of 
transmitting the everts. One 
sports book actually made a loss 
od a turnover of 563,000,000. 
The bookies fared better on 
the horses, la 1985 turnover was 
$243m with a win of $39m or 
. 16 per cent 

Tbe sports books have an ace 
in the hole, though. The 
wagering takes place in the 
casinos. Anyone loclcy enough to 
walk away with a fistful of 
dollars is likely to blow it on the 
tables on die way ont 

David Spankr 

Betting shop owners, especially 
the big four chains (Mecca. Wil- 
liam Hill. Ladbroke and Joe 
Coral) see the legalization as an 
opportunity for significantly in- 
creasing their betting turnover. 
The 59 racecourses in Britain 
expea it will lead to a toll in the 
number of spectators. 

Lord Fairbaven. senior steward 
of the Jockey Club, horseracing's 
governing body, called it “the 
roost significant transformation of 
betting since it was legalized off- 
course a quarter of a century ago", 
and devoted a large pari of his 

annual speech at the Gtmcrack 
Dinner in December to discussing 
ways in which racing could re- 

There is concern, too. about the 
possible social and psychological 
effects. Dr Emmannuel Moran, a 
psychiatrist and chairman of the 
National Council on Gambling, 
believes that the improved condi- 
tions will lead to more betting and, 
therefore, more gambling addicts. 

One punter described the differ- 
ence the new-look betting shops 
would make to him: "Instead of 
putting on all my bets at lunch- 

time on Saturday and then going 
home to watch what’s happened to 
my money. I'll probably - slay in 
the shop. And if 1 do that, there's 
no doubt I'll spend more." 

O ne betting shop manager 
predicte±"I think I'll 
get quite a lot of new 
custom as well. A kit of 
people think of betting shops as 
very dreary and not very respect- 
able. Once the word gets around 
that they’re really quite nice 
places, with telly and everytWng, I 
think people will come in just to 

see. I’m not saying they’ll all 
become regulars or anything, but 
we’re bound to pick up some of 
their money." 

Sir Peter Leng. chairman of the 
Racecourses Association, to which 
all courses in Britain belong, is 
very worried about the effect on 
attendances. “Our estimate is that 
they will toll by between 9 and 15 
per cent As it is. most of the 
courses don't make a profit, or 
very little. So we must make sure 
that they’re adequately compen- 
sated for the loss of spectators." 

Racing and bating are uneasy 

but mutually dependent bedfel- 
lows. The sport receives a large 
pan of its revenue from a levy on 
bookmakers’ profits. Last year this 
amounted to more than £21m. In 
return, the raring authorities com- 
mit themselves to holding at least 
two race meetings every day 
except Sunday. 

But attendances at some race- 
courses. especially on winter 
weekdays, are extremely low. 
Without the bookmakers' levy 
probably no more than a dozen or 
so courses could survive. 

The main threat will come not 

rw;* . 

V -. i. J; 

mm child is 

n, ' 

>!'. : 




* . 

K ■ 

Friday’s child is loving and 
giving — and wary as well. 
Where is my charity donation 
going? How much is it help- 

With Dr Bamardo’s you 
know. And so do the thous- 
ands of handicapped or dep- 
rived youngsters we’ll help this 

So if you’re a Friday’s Child at 

heart, here’s your chance to 
prove it. 


send vour donations or write for inform- 
ation to Dr Bamardo’s, Barkingside, 
Essex IG6 1QG (01) 550 8822. 

The people’s cardinal 

Years of handling 
tense church-state 

politics equipped 

Cardinal Sin for a 

key role in the 

Filipino revolution 

Cardinal Jaime Sin could not 
have chosen a more propi- 
tious time for a visit to the 
Filipino community in Brit- 
ain. * 

He will celebrate Mass at 
Westminster Cathedral today 
and tomorrow — less than a 
fortnight after bis church 
helped oust die haled govern- 
ment of Ferdinand Marcos. 

, He has come straight from a 
visit to the Vatican where at 
the weekend the Pope ex- 
pressed affection for the Fili- 
pino people. However, he did 
not mention the local church 
— an indication perhaps that, 
despite the happy outcome, he 
had reservations about its 

During the events leading to 
Marcos's overthrow. Cardinal 
Sin, arch bishop of Manila and 
head of the Catholic Church in 
the Philippines, made it quite 
dear what he thought the 85 
per cent of Filipinos who are 
Catholic should do. The 
church’s radio station. Radio 
Veritas, helped rally them to 
the church's banner. 

Cardinal Sin’s host at West- 
minster. Cardinal BasilHume. 
attained his present office 10 
years ago — in the same year as 
his guest. At the time. Cardi- 
nal Sin was not yet the senior 

cardinal in the Philippines 
church. That was Cardinal 
Julio Rosales who not only 
came from I me Ida Marcos's 
home town. Tadoban. Leyte, 
but baptized her. 

Cardinal Rosales's dose- 
ness to the Marcos family set 
the tone for the church. Even 
in some of tbe country's most 

Cardinal Sin: he ased the church 
radio to rally the crowds 

desperately poor and vio- 
lence-ridden areas its leader- 
ship backed Marcos, despite 
widespread evidence of cor- 

When Cardinal Rosales 
died in 1983, the church's 
contacts with the communist 
New People’s Army (NPA) 
were already established. Ai 
least one priest had already 
taken up arms. 

political office like some 
priests in Nicaragua. 

In the early years after his 
appointment Cardinal Sin 
adopted what be called a 
policy of “critical 
collaboration" with the re- 
gime. He called for the govern- 
ment to be more democratic 
while demanding restraint of 
the opposition. 

Criticism reached a peak 
after the cardinal celebrated 
Marcos's birthday with a Mass 
earlier this year and publicly 
embraced him. The cardinal 
quickly responded that be had 
embraced Mr Marcos to find 
out his true physical strength 
after months of the debilitat- 
ing disease, lupus. Tbe an- 
swer, said the cardinal, was 
that Marcos had very little 
strength left in his arms. 

Cardinal Sin’s diplomatic 
skills and his willingness to 
talk have made him a 

favourite with foreign corre- 
spondents. He normally gives 
interviews over breakfast, at 
6.30am. Journalists would ar- 
rive to find the cardinal 
already at his desk, witty and 
good-humoured. His sense of 
humour probably developed 
out of necessity as the 14th of 
1 6 children born to a Filipino 
mother and a Chinese father. 

His opening line at press 
conferences is always the same 
but perennially amusing; 
“Welcome to the house of 

To many correspondents 
and observers, the peaceful 
outcome of the revolution and 
the church's role in it seemed 
like a miracle.’ sufficient to 
overcome any reservations 
Rome may have about its 
most prominent. Filipino son. 

David Watts 

His greeting is: 
‘Welcome to the 
house of Sin’ 

The cardinaTs death weak- 
ened the links between the 
church leadership and 
Marcos's Malacanang Palace. 
Over the next three. years, an 
irrevocable split between con- 
servatives and progressives 
within the church threatened 
to develop. One Vatican offi- 
cial fearing damage to the 
church worldwide, explained; 
“How can the Pope be against 
the priests in Nicaragua and 
tolerate Cardinal Sis?". But 
Cardinal Sin and his col- 
leagues have never sought 


I Sports plate (6) 

5 Eat grcedOy (6) 

8 Mongrel (31 

9 Rich cake (6) 

10 Appeal to (t» 

1 1 Small vessel (4) 

12 Coal mine gas (8) 
14 Haiti money (6) 

17 Change (6) 

19 May (8) 

22 Concern (4) 

24 Spanish mountains 
16 ) 

25 To each one (6> 

26 Ragged article (?) 

27 Allow (6) 

28 Lei off (6) 


2 Mature insea (5) 

3 Swindler (7) 

4 Disorderly Struggle 

5 Less wet (5) 

6 Vary bright f5) 

7 Dishevelled (7) 

13 Ostrich -tike bud (3) 

15 Ofegg organ f7) 

16 Scale Grsl note (3) 

17 Official instruction 

18 Of touch (7) 

28 Pulsate (Si 
21 Make speech (5) 
23 Summarise (3) 



The weekend starts here 

A week at the races 

Cheltenham is the place for people who love ; 
horses at least as much as they love people- ‘ 
Next week's Cheltenham Festival, calmixiatiiig 
in the Gold Cup, to the professionals' meet, .. 
where new jump champions are created y»wi 
former champions like Aride reme m bered wi th 
reverence. Read 77z<? Times insiders' guide to 
Cheltenham Festival, and join the professionals 

Heart of Beat the 

darkness Budget 

West African Bin-end wine 
wanderings bargains 

£22,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Tunes? 

E xtd which provides the 
existing results and infor- 
maiion service to shops. V. 
will shortly enter the mar- 
ket and a half dozen other 
possibilities are bang explored. 

The irony is that the racecourses 
may end up being paid Imp sums 
to hold racing in front of almost 
nobody. Their intention. Sir Peter 
Leng says, is to use the money to 
improve facilities to woo the 
customer back to live racing, so 
completing the circle. 

Smaller bookmakers are equally 
worried about their frnure. There 
are fewer betting shops today - 
10.650 - than at any time since 
their legalisation. Over the past 10 
years their numbers have de- 
creased by nearly 30 per cent, 
mainly because more and more 
neighbourhood betting shops and 
small chains have been swallowed 
up by the giants. The small 4* 
independents still account for two- 
thirds of ail shops, but they now 
take less than SO per cent of the 

“Obviously we’re concerned 
about satellite television. Win o or 
members be able to afford the 
service?" asked Mr Paul Massey, 
secretary of the National Assoria- . 
lion of Bookmakers, which repre- 
sents the small shojHXwoerv And 
will they be able io compete with 
all tbe other- 'facilities that the 
wealthier betting shops intend to 
lay on ? Massey admits that some , 
of his members are pessimistic. - 
The big bookmakers claim to 
regard the changes as modesty 
merely part of the process of. jf* 
allowing the punter to be treated 
as an adult afroiyeais of nannying. 

But then, as one struggling bookie • 
commented: “They aren’t a chari- 
ty. They wouldn’t be spending all 
this money unless they were sure 
of a big return • • ' ’ 

Marcel Berlins 




ACROSS: 8 Blotting paper 9 UNO 10 Loving cup 11 Dwelt 13 
Larariy 1 6 Serious 19 Slide 22 Recommend 24 Cos 25 Bouillabaisse 
DOWN: 1 Abound 2 Morose 3 SuJeno 4 Snivel ^Spin 6 
Apadte 7 Prepay 12 Wee 14 Residual 15 Lad inscribe 17 Re- 
coup 18Sidac 20 incise 21 Easter 23Mdt ■ 



thf TTMF.S FRIDAY MARCH 7 1986 _ 



-r --— K 
* ■. ■ . 


\i. ..v</ 

More and more 
elderly couples are 
t finding the 
courage to walk : 
out after years of 
unhappy marriage 
in search of new 
romance and 

Mrs MoQy Blackman (not her 
real - name)' - was preparing 
lunch' rwodays beforcher80th 
birthday when her husband, 
j-i Don, announced 'that he was 
^ moving out to-~Kve 1 with one of 
her closest friends. Doth a 
retired architect, was 79. The 
friend, Jane; was 69. 

Andrew Martin (also not his 
real name), -a semi-retired 
lawyer, was 69 when he re- 
turned from a trip 'abroad to 
find- that his 73-year-bld wife, 
Li£had tefthim for a-man of 
79: . ■ • 

- The Biackhidris had been 
married for 52years-andthe 
Martins for 42. Both couples - 
bave' childrea -and grandchil- 
dren-' Are they mad; or Simply 
eccentric? No, say some psy- 
chiatrists j«d . .sociologists.. 

'■A' - 

Patia Youens 

. .. ivV.. - 

" -• \ 

•rf..— * 

Yesterday the world, 
tomorrow Today . . . 

Radio’s Today is 
to get its first 
woma n editor — 
the no-nonsense 
Jenny Abramsky 


W' ' f • u- " / '-J The other Today, the one that 

- itt'C goes out on Radio Four each 
K ! '***$m morning to an audience of 
iour million, gets its first 
4v,jru '7*ri*3v woman editor on, of all days. 

She is Jenny Abramsky, a 
Y’w. tiny 39-year-old with sensible 
r ,: zf ,$?. shoes and no-nonsense 

- V-.. '.we views. More importantly, she 

• • f. .. ‘J%£' has five years* experience of 

'■* i sparring with the rather larger 

T Sir Robin Day, presenter of 

^ •» The World at One, the pro- 
gramme of which she is 

- Today, despite its cosy 

badinag e and ministerial 
listenership, is a notorious 
treadmill for its staff One has 
/Mil "iW Mtt fr the impression of worthy 

** / WovW BBC personnel setting the 

y alarm hand at an absurd 

mbv /s ' l point on the clock fare. 

driving into Broadcasting 
House through streets empty 
except for the last West End 
revellers, and arriving in the 
6m. . studio at about the time when 

the small hours turn into 
medium-sized ones. That 
breakfast brightness is the 
operation- Her husband An- most implausible of 

chiatnsts ma . sociologists.. 

break has been influenced by 
•A iceberg winch has so for gone ■ owo duldreii di- 

1 nnnnnrpfl “ ' : ' . - -1 - ' r . 

- — . » j - - • - seeing in or own uwuicu ui- 

U °The wwld, "theysay, likes to “ d rad up toppier for 
imagine elderiy couples as ■ . - _ . 

strouing off, hand m hand. They are swinging away 
into a peaceful sunset, with all from the instinct to .maintain 

-v-.' L—Jiln-f l- i*f ynarri asp 

into a oeacetui sunset, wim au uuuj ms uu«um — 

the problems "of marriage, the fecadeof amamage at all 
children and work ' behind costs and looking instead for 
them. But marriage difficnl-. the genuine companionship 
lies do not stop miraculously and harmony ^ become 
at 60 ; in fact they often get particidmjy important m later 
worse: More combes are split- yeare. “They are bc^nmng to 
ling up, often with one or both put much more investmentm 
members foratiugnew part- personal 
nershiDS while conntiess Jane Lloyd, a femily therapist 
SJore t£e’ undoubtedly suffer- with the Westminster Pastoral 
ing in silence. ' - Council m London. 

"It-is noa so much that the ; — ; : 

The problems su-e 

sociologist said. “In the past, often triggered . 

, by retirement 

water — usually - helL Now 
some are doiBg something ' 


the resultofa : - The Bl a^mans . Martins and 

changes.^chm^tat the 

ives J? f : °^ r . uo at a kte age are forgri; 

Mrs Sally Greengoss, depu- 
ty director of Age Concern, 
accuses professional counsel- 
ling and guidance groups of “*a 
form of ageism”, which means 
that advice is rarely given to 
old people. Helpers imagine, 
that old people are incapable 
of changing their behaviour, 
ideas or way of life — an 
assumption -which, Mrs 
Greengoss says, is obviously 
wrong. They also do not 
accept that older people have 
sex lives and sex problems, 
although research has shown 
that sexuality continues well 
into old age. 

Perhaps the biggest prob- 
lem, however, is the reluc- 
tance of older people to admit 
their plight and seek help. 
“They were not brought up to 
seethe point and usefulness of 

that Andrew subsequently 
formed a close relationship 
with a widow of 59. ■ 

The stories of the 


•...■vJa . 


. ' **&?***' 

Jenny Abramsky: taking over a male stronghold 
ie nannv. Kathy, who has a morning radio show of two 


drew could do nothing right. 
His retirement, which she had 
looked forward to for years. 

most implausible of 
broadcasting's alchemies. 

It did for Robert Robinson, 

s-Sfes Ipi 

him trough the illness and night-owls wings c!, PPfJ 

S Sfcra a 

BaBSd ferr “ SESS 

not want to waste it Mo ^‘CSw hIS Sbta run from her 

Don started seeing Jane, a . nol understand it. “She had home in north London, 
widow and life-long family everything she wanted. Ad- Even “JJ 

friend, shortly after he retired, minedly I took her rather for an impeccable BBC Woman s 

granted . . But soon he rise through the corporation, 

a Jnf/wvf found there were compensa- having become the assistam 

A grave defect g“ He devSied a much editor of PM eight years ago. 

fhpv dfd not closer relationship with his Ms Abramsky insists that she 

laey noi SSJrSSvS before. A was decidedly put out or 

Wailt tO admit close, loving relationship with clinching her new pose I was 

a widow, Anne, gave him new daunted. My knees shook, i 

interests and a new lease of was lemned. 

His daughter, who found pven is married to th< 

: — : : — ; rernaps me mggesi proo- 

TKa nrnhlems are lem » hOTCver « “ , the T ® lu 9 - 

1"5 protucilia 2 U tance of older people to admit 

often triggered . their plight and seek help, 
by retire ment 

counselling and psychfotric 

A grave defect 
they did not 
want to admit 

‘We see very few of them." 
i. Dr Hettiarachy has seen 
ramies- who make each 

cWs which meanlhat ^ couple who make each 

lives '-of. oMerpwpfe- T'SfS'Tfaf-SnS lai^ly other’s fives hell forbears, 
becoming very different to tipcat a^e age ^ ^ ml0 separate old 

those of past ' generations. £!?£!!*!& wf the peoples’ homes and never see 

People ar/not only Living gSffiJSTcSril « r^fiom^ch oth«-aga^ 
longer but are very- much m^ter rasmra More, perhaps, nugil be 

fitter, both physically and ^^^Sproblems are done tf^trend showed up in 
m -Elderriy people are wanting ^ tri XTf ■ 

muchm^mlift”. saysDr Kdivon» omM 

Peart Hattiaiachy, a Psyj 1 ^- S/demantog ca- IJpPle « But 

trist who has worited wiiold ™lr^r_“, 0 fl,e suriao: as this may wdl be deceptive, 
people for Uyajs iu Pots--. ^-^““thSves Research in Germany 
mouth and Winchester. “We r ie ,^™“r^rY nmnanv 74 seems to confirm Dr 

Jre no longer dealing with a “ sS^ys a Hettiarachy’s view that eldo-- 

passive gtSup. By the ^ FormorfSlo Sar- ly people who ®ht upoftendp 

2000 we will have laise num- ^ ~,^Ln dieter not make public their posa- 

^ofpeople over 75who are is tion. Newly-formed elderiy 

nafiarw 5 ssHbt-s 

•SS-'i- .SB^^nS SrAaa “ 

fitter, both physically and 
mentally. • ' • ■ 

’■Hderly people are wanting 
much more from life" , says Dr 
Pearl Hattiaiachy, a psychia- 

» . «... L*. MiAa4ro^ uialn Ain ' 

R DA\ 

U191 . ■ 

people for 14 years in Ports- 
mouth and Winchester. “We 
a re no longer dealing with a 
passive group. By the year 
2000 we will have large num- 
bers of people over 75 who are 
very articulate and demanding 
a belter quality of hie 
including marriage” ' 

Older people although 
brought up to think marriage 
eternal, have been absorbing 
changing attitudes' from the 
younger generation. Soil*?" 
limes, as in the case of Liz 
Martin, the decision to maxe a 

there are sou powenui u»«- r~ raarTiaKe 
des: the reluctance to admit bers on mamag ~' , 
their marriage has foiled., the Statisticafiy the Blackmans 
fear of “what people will are soil happily married. Al- 
think", opposition from the though the Matins are di- 
chikiren, lack of money, the voiced and Liz has remarried^ 
fefrof loneliness. there is no record of the feet 

His daughter, who found “^tinuedeven 

some oftheir letters, says they !£C3L£™^ 
were obviously deeply in love, alter her ^ ^ 

-They weredeariy having the ^JjJg^biMBeshimftir 

romance they never had50 Uz has cut 

hSdf^fi*n afi but her 
MoU^found out she b^ame md relatives, 

VJt . n . 0l ‘ m ^n ro the believing, quite wrongly, that 

SSSysIS^iirf teft Md ^ have Sldcd against her - 

"’^^fiSlvc.nnot Patrick Cl 0 Cgh 

really understand it- Molly 
had been the perfect cook and 

housewife, although she did m 9 

tend to cut him down to size in MBJHB H 

conversation. Don had always I 

seemed content and when he 

now says “I always hated her , / w w 

the femily think he is trying to 

justify himselt 

“But it could well be true , » 

says a psychiatrist. “When an V 

apparently stable marriage l/VVAl 

breaks up at that stage there I miff llA/ 

has often been a grave defect I m W W 

which the partners have not A m m 

wanted to admit even to 

themselves.” m ^ 

In Uz Martin's case, she w ■ 

seemed to change after her 1M 'Wm 

at about 6.20 and arrive at 
work 20 minutes later after a 
traffic-free run from her 
home in north London. 

Even though she has had 
an impeccable BBC Woman s 
rise through the corporation, 
having become the assistant 
editor of PM eight years ago, 
Ms Abramsky insists that she 
was decidedly put out on 
clinching her new pose “I was 
daunted. My knees shook. 1 
was terrified." 

She is married to the 
district general manager of a 
north London health author- 
ity, whose job she regards as 
being 20 times more impor- 
tant than her own. They have 
a boy of nine and a girl of six, 
who were looked after by 
their father while she edited 
The World This Weekend. 

Their present house is run 

by the nanny, Kathy, who has 
a degree in biology from 
Imperial College, London. 
With her live-in boyfriend, a 
maths student at the same 
college, she cares for the 

“I couldn't have thought 
about doing Today with those 
sleepless nights that we used 
to have", says Jenny. “But 
now. I'm glad to say, if my 
son wakes up early in the 
morning he gins into bed on 
my husband's side, whereas 
in the past it used to be on 

She has a winning 
doubles partnership 

Jenny’s female friends' re- 
action to her appointment 
was: “Good for you". Hardly 
surprising since ihe pro- 
gramme represents a compar- 
ative male stronghold in 
Radio Four current affairs. 
She says her new job will be 
less beleaguered in this re- 
spect than her previous one 
as assistant editor of PM in 
1978. There she had to deal 
with chauvinists who were 
loathe to do her bidding. 

“The newsroom is 
changing", she says with 
evident pleasure. “I would 
say that the intake is now half 
and halt At senior level it is 
still dominated by men, but 
this is bound to change. All 
' the same, it has been difficult 
for women in the past". 

She is reticent about any 
changes she might make at 
Today. She is well aware that 

a morning radio snow oi iwo ^ 
and a half hours can be both.!) 
retrospective and pre- 
emptive. « 

“Brian Redhead made the 
point to me only this morn- . 
ing that it’s Today and not.. 
Yesterday. By which 1 mean, - 
very strongly, that we can" 
make the news for the day. •_ 

“ Todav has to live with the-" 
problem that it doesn't know „ 
what those other current * 
affairs programmes are going.. 
to do. If we tell them too-, 
much, or if they find out what •• 
we are up to. there is always : 
the possibility that we will- 
have to call people off certain 
stories. But this is healthy in* 
its own way. It keeps us all on.. ■ 
our toes.” „ .... " 

After having her first child, 
Jenny Abramsky took her- 
statutory 29 weeks off and-, 
had no idea whether she 
wanted to return full-time. • 
Her husband persuaded her : 
to go back. 

“Before leaving, I d been 
very unhappy. It was a lousy 
pregnancy. I was ted up. 
When I got back, I found that** 
all my contemporaries had- 
blossomed, and I was delight-" 
ed to be back amongst them. 

There will be no sea- ' 
changes in Abra.msky’s To- 
dav. not least because the- 
current presenters, Messrsj. 
Timpson and Redhead, have - 
firmly established tbe style of ’ 
the show. There is a limit to-- 
what a new coach can achieve" 
with a winning doubles part-- 

Alan Franks- 

FOod for thought on asthma 

i Iumiwmi thp nntfrfisi DU 

Asthmatic wheezing and . f MEDICAL 

gastro^oph^rcfl”. ^ V . 

acid indigest ion jg™ act contents into theoesopha- 
ihe sternum (breaMbt^)a^ taking antacids 

frequent causes of.'dBjjjIg' ^ frequently^ pre- 
nights, but nntfl a report by Dr_ -H2 inhibitors, 

C& Barrish in ihe^^ . “Stidi" ■ (Zantac) or 

of 1 cimetidine (Tagamet), and by 

5 Mind over metal 

i**® 5 ,££ 1JUB n* fanuly <* 

medical briefing 

between the nostrils; pressure 
from this can cause necrosis 
with either a breakdown of the 

y 1 W1UI ciurei o UIVIMV-V-;- — 

^ — : nrerent or delay the onset of septum leaving a hole between 

acb content* into the . . 5Stemi» , s has been in- the nasal passages, or collapse 

SS^ of .ihe bndje.ofjhe nose 

developed pjorng;' 

toms, .branchospwW 
■ing) and ebrowe bronchi^- 

^ He suggests- that oesophageal 

possible cause .of asthma, m 
chihiren as wefi. as in adufe 
when there are no outer 
obvious factors- . 

When oesophagral « 

K^ffis5i£|hfls made no se- 
|&54pS3cret of the fort 
K$JI)2iSthat she- tas 
A tohelmer’s dis- 
Mndt^B fane , the nsnal 
cause for senile de^nti^lt 
ranks as tbe fourth 

Alzhenners “ 

creased by the work of Profes- 
sor Jim Edwsrdson and his 
Medical Research Council 
team at Newcastle who haw 
demonstrated a dose link 
between aluminium levels and 
the damage in the brain Rkhsui 
in Alzheimer's disease. 

Studies have shown a heavy 
concentration of aluminium at 

the centre of the senile plaques 

which are found in profusion 
In the brains of patioits with 
Alzheimer's disease. So strong 
is the correlation that Profes- 
sor Edwardson fo convinced 
Hmi neural concentrations of 

S5s£sK SSkSg-Ss. SSssSff" aas" i ” 

SSSSS^K SmaSangOiinw Redmeatmdia 

form of indfejtion -gj-piy mentioned. Many Although televi- past research has shown liifos 

rM-fcf-iirflllv everyone aJl ^. , rar«j imnair- V - zl diet and 

Uil. t 'IT - ■ — “ 

of the bridge of the nose, 
which will later result in a 
saddle-shaped nose. 

Before the advent- of antibi- 
otics, infection was always a 
risk. In compound fractures, 
tike Mike Gatling's, where the 
skin is split, it could also cause 
bony necrosis or spread to the 
tissues within the skull. But 
now that this hazard can be 
averted the most common 
long-term complication re- 
sults from incomplete realign- 
ment, so that the nose deviates 
and one of the nasal passages 
is obstructed. Surgery, a sub- 
mucosal resection, is some- 
times necessary to enlarge the 
airway to prevent recurrent 


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In the Journal of Clinical 
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(he last century of the age of 
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Merseyside Militants just won't lie 
down. Felicity Dowling, who is 
almost certain to be expelled from 
the party as part of the purge 
against Liverpool extremists, will 
stand for Labour in the May- 
council elections. Open warfare is 
predicted after her readoption by 
the Speke wand, whose decision 
the Ctarston constituency- have 
agreed to stand by. If Labour 
responds by putting up its own 
candidate against her. it will be 
obliged to expel anyone involved 
in taer campaign. "Like the mon- 
ster Hydra, as soon as they chop 
off one head several more 
appear." says my Scouse source. 


‘Derek wiD be OK. He'll just 
sell one of his suits' 

Down to earth 

Princess Margaret's one-time 
companion. Roddy Llewellyn, has 
found a new circle of friends in 
Clapham. where he runs a land- 
scape gardening business. His 
neighbours are none other than 
the International Socialist party 
and the National Union of Sea- 
men. from whom he rents his 
premises. Llewellyn tells me: “The 
NUS is a very well-appointed 
union, and 1 have a delightful view 
of their elegant gardens." The 
inspiration for his last book. 
Beautiful Back Yards ? 


The V & A is not a museum to 
hide its leading light under a bush. 
Not only is it displaying a tapestry 
of director Sic Roy Strong with his 
cat. but more than 1. 000 fold-out 
reproductions of it are on sale at 
the bookstall Oddly enough, de- 
spite a reasonable selling price of 
£1.50, visitors have not been 
snapping them up. After six weeks 
it has sold fewer than 20. 

Not the ticket 

Kidderminster library 's new com- 
puter is proving a mixed blessing, 
according to the Library .Associ- 
ation Record. After it’ accused 
borrowers of not returning books 
already back on the shelves, one i 
couple, who regularly borrowed 
ten books a month, no longer 
borrow one. "It's just not worth 
the worn-." thev said. 


} XXjs6 



The hidden 

■Peter Dixon, one of the “Lloyds 
naughties" who Oew the coop after 
personally receiving an estimated 
£7.2 million from insurance syn- 
dicates. has just had the birthday 
present of his life. The former 
chairman of underwriting agency 
PCW — found by the Lloyds disci- 
plinary committee to lave been 
“clever, dishonest, greedy and 
unscruplous” — was tracked 
down to his lavish hidey-hole in 
Virginia. There, preparing for a 
birthday beano, he was confronted 
by a writ server who had bluffed 
his way in with an Interflora-styie 
bouquet, telling the maid that only 
Dixon could sign the receipt. As 
the flowers were handed over, the 
beaming legal man pulled out the 
writ saying: “While I’m here, 
perhaps you would sign this too." 
Dixon, who worked with former 
PCW chairman Peter Cameron- 
Webb. absconded to Marbella and 
then to Costa Rica before resurfac- 
ing in the US, where Cameron- 
VVebb is also living following his 
resignation in 1982. Dixon now 
faces a £1 million fine and 
£215.000 costs, small beer com- 
pared with the £29 million that 
the two siphoned out of the 
syndicates, according to a Lloyds 


This year's runner-up in the 
Cosmopolitan New Journalist of 
the Year competition. Jane White, 
was a real hit with editor Linda 
Kelsey. She loved Jane's sensitive 
feature on pre-marital tenor and 
adored her incisive piece on 
today's ideal man. Ail in all she 
“epitomised the quintessential 
Cosmo woman*' - intelligent, 
witty and feminine. So it was a 
shock to Ms Kelsey when Jane 
arrived to claim her prize and 
revealed her true identity: Liver- 
pool van driver Kevin Sampson. 


No sooner had the all-party 
Employment Institute invited The 
Times io a talk by left-wing union 
leader David Basnett. at which the 
chairman was to be Roy 
Hattersley. than a craven letter 
arrived withdrawing the invita- , 
lion. The institute says it is now 
clear our presence “could embar- 
rass the principal speakers . . . 
bearing in mind the TUC and 
Labour Pany's current stance on 
News International." Among its 
patrons, the institute boasts Ed- 
ward Heath. 

Back to a true free market 

Lfalike Mr Gorbachov. Mrs 
Thatcher has her dissidents. Al- 
though many of hers may make 
better candidates for psychiatric 
hospitals than any of his. she 
cannot commit them. Instead she 
should seize the opportunity that 
they are providing her to restate 
her government's principles. 

Tory leadership contenders 
think their chances of advance- 
ment lie in distancing themselves, 
to a greater or lesser degree, from 
Mrs Thatcher. They would have 
no credible platform for these 
exercises if they were not speaking 
in what is beginning to look like a 
national political vacuum. 

There is no gainsaying the 
achievraems of seven years of 
Thatcher government. But there is 
no gratitude in politics, nor should 
there be. Past achievements will 
not solve today’s problems. 

Since the end of the miners* 
strike, which was celebrated by an 
extraordinary reluctance to speak 
oh the subject by Mrs Thatcher 
herself, there have been, few 
statements of the - government's 
| moral and political vision. The 
Thatcher loyalists seem to be 
sulking in their tents or indulging 
themselves cuffing the opposition. 
The only offerings are coming 
from Tory dissidents. 

This is partly the fault of the 
press. Loyal speeches by Cabinet 
colleagues are nothing like such 
good copy as disloyal ones. But 
this is a problem for all govern- 
ments- h has to be solved by 

bv David Hart 

visionary leadership of the na- 
tional debate. This was never Mrs 
Thatcher’s strong card. It is now 
more and more lacking. 

Because there is no discernible 
central vision, whenever bard 
choices present themselves foe 
government looks in a mess. 
Nowhere is this more glaring than 
over industrial policy. 

Is there a good reason why Ford 
should not be allowed to buy 
Austin Rover? Should Land 
Rover be sold to foreigners, to 
Britons or the highest bidder? 
What of Michael Headline's cor- 
pora tist argument that there sim- 
ply is no real free market today 
because competitors are too big 
and too few and that the only way 
many British industries can sur- 
vive is by government direction 
and with government financial 
help? Or the argument that foreign 
ownership of British manufac- 
turing industry leads to a sucking 
out of talent and technology. Does ■ 
it? - Or does it free resources, 
money and talent for investment 
in other, newer industries? 

Before it tries to answer these 
and other questions, the govern- 
ment needs to answer one fun- 
damental one. Does it believe in 
the free market, or is it reaHy. as it 
is beginning to seem, corporalist 
in action, free market in rhetoric? 

Paul Channon has said that the 

government's decisions over Ley- 
land will be rooted in a desire to 
protect jobs and industry. Short- 
term. ami-competitive measures 
may buy a few months or years 
breathing space but they will also 
buy much greater dislocation 
when the market catches up. If the 
government is to denationalize 
BL. and there are bo arguments 
for not doing so, it should sell to 
the highest bidder, British or 

Unless, of course, there are 
monopoly arguments. Monopo- 
lies are destroyers of free markets; 
it is widely agreed that it is the 
duty of government to prevent 

Those who argue emotively that 
Land Rover should stay British, 
especially Edward Heath and 
older Labour leaders, should have 
thought of that when they were 
protecting the British motor in- 
dustry from competition. Anyone 
who has owned Land Rovers and . 
Range Rovers knows that only 
recently have they- been brought 
up to anything like modem stan- 
dards in response to competition 
from Toyota. Daihatsu and 
Mercedes. Until then they re- 
mained old-fashioned, badly 
made and unreliable. 

The present tide of Tory dis- 
sidents has one advantage. It 
obliges free-tnarket advocates to 
consider their policy on the road 

Robert Fisk: how the Gulf war is affecting the people of Iran 

Nation with a death wish 


The elderly, grey-bearded man 
emerged from the ruined house on 
cue. “Jang ta pinm," he shrieked. 
“War till victory." The rain 
poured out of the low clouds 
above Fao. sleeking the old man's 
face. He wore a ragged red cloth 
round bis forehead and bran- 
dished a stick. Members of Iran's 
war propaganda department 
turned to their journalist visitors 
in delight. “See. this is one of our 
volunteers. He wants to die for 
Islam in fighting Saddam." 

Behind him. dark red flames 
rippled across the base of a 
burning oil storage depot where 
the Iraqis were shelling the Iranian 
lines. The real war in Iran is never 
very far away. 

You come’ across it everywhere, 
among the wounded on the troop 
trains, along the lines of crippled 
war veterans at Friday prayers in 
Tehran, in the fearful docu- 
mentary films on television, in the 
photographs of wounds and head- 
less corpses that are supposed to 
encourage martyrdom, at the 
Behesht-i-Zahra cemetery outside 
the capital where the tens of 
thousands of dead are honoured 
by a fountain that sprays a dark, 
blood-like substance into the cold 
winter air. 

In Ahvaz. a man approaches 
you with a child on his shoulder. 
“Iran good.” he announces by way 
of greeting “I am ready to fight. 
We are at war only to get rid of 
Saddam." It is quite spontaneous; 
there are no propaganda depart- 
ment guides to produce this man. 
He opens the top of his shirt to 
reveal a livid scar running across 
his neck. "I have been to the war, 
you see. 1 am ready to go back." 

Doubt is hard to discover in 
Iran these days. Either you sup- 
port the war or you do. noL 
Supporters of the war believe that 
faith and Islam and martyrdom, 
tbe self-sacrifice that is so integral 
a part of Shi'ite Muslim grammar, 
have turned the conflict into a 
spiritual mission. Opponents find 
it incomprehensible . : 

Exasperation is expressed by the 
middle-classes, not by the poor, by 
those with education and money 
which cannot be taken out of Iran, 
by those who find that the liberal, 
western values and free thought 
which they hoped the revolution 
would bring have been suffocated 
in a return to the 7th century. 
They have no voice, no organiza- 
tion; which is why the regime can 
afford to ignore them. 

“You have been to Fao?” the 
owner of a chintzy restaurant asks. 
“We are winning — yes?” There is 
just a hint of doubt “1 saw the 
films on the televirion, all those 
burning Iraqi tanks, the planes 
shot down. It must be true." Die 
tautology of his last remark es- 
capes him. 

What can you say to the man? 
Thai tbe revolutionary guards 

^ i/ek - T 

crossed the Shatt-al-Arab in some 
kind of death craving to mark the 
revolution's anniversary and that 
to their amazement they suc- 
ceeded in overwhelming the Iraqi 
defences? That the revolutionary 
guards do the serious fighting 
because they are prepared to die 
and the Iranian army is not? That 
the guards believe the army is 
hopelessly over-cautious while the 
army believe the guards are un- 
educated fanatics? That when the 
mud dries out around Fao; the 
Iraqis will turn the place into a 
slaughterhouse by using their 
tanks? In the end. you tell the man 
that there is no end to the war in 
sight He knows that already. 
Ayatollah Khomeini has told Ira- 
nians that they should prepare for 
a war that continues for decades. 

Certainly, there is no sign in the 
villages that the poor object to the 
sacrifice of their children. Here, it 
seems, the black flags of a Somme 
or Passchendaele cause no protest - 
Indeed, if the war is to last another 
decade, preparations must be 
made; and so they are. At Friday 
prayers in Tehran, a special place 
is reserved near the dais for the 10 
and i 1-year olds marked down for 
the from in six years lime. They 
fidget and grin at one another, 
yawning at the lectures on the 
West’s conspiracies against Iran. 
Tied tightly round their foreheads 
are red ribbons bearing a written 
explanation of their- desire for 
martyrdom, strips of doth just like 
that worn by the grey-bearded old 
man in Fao. 

Given the current harvest from 
the from lines — they were bury- 
ing the dead in batches of 30 at 
Qom last week — the children in 
the leading rows will achieve the 
ambitions so crudely inscribed' 
around their heads. Only the frets 

of life. T as opposed to death,- are 
likely to save them; the collapsing 
oil price, for example, the 
country's failing industries, the 
retreat to a village economy, the 
tall rusting cranes that still hover 
over building sites that have not 
been touched since 1979 ghost 
towns of the future as weD as tbe 
past • 

Western embassy staffs in Iran, 
their meals washed down with 
home-made wine, produce statis- 
tics that are almost as awesome as 
the titanic war that has brought 
them about The country is now in 
such desperate need of hard 
currency to buy military equip- 
ment that Iranian oil is being sold 
on the spot market at $13 a barrel 
against tbe going price ofS20, and 
some estimates put the figure as 
low as $9. Industry is running at 
between 25 and 40 per cent of 
capacity. The nation's single 1.6 
kilowatt power station on tbe 
Caspian Sea is experiencing sen- ' 
ous technical problems. 

On their short-wave transistors, 
those Iranians who still hope for 
change listen to the voices of tbe 
mojahedin resistance. But the calls 
for counter-revolution come from 
outside Iran. There will be no such 
upheaval inside the country, no 
governmental change, no end to 
the war. until Khomeini succumbs 
to age. Only a coup could interrupt 
the old man’s last years. And if 
there is no coup, only his succes- 
sors will be able to talk of peace 
and compromise. 

With Iran continuing its offen- 
sive in Iraqi Kurdistan, keeping 
half a million men in reserve 
opposite the Majnoon marshes, 
there is less reason to stop the war 
now than before. Saddam Hussein 
is in a graver military situation 

than he has experienced: in six 
years of conflict and tbe Iranians, 
even the middle-class Iranians 
whose nationalism outweighs 
their contempt for the regime, 
know il 

In the mud of Fao, a revolu- 
tionary guard asks you to move 
away from the smell of rotting 
Iraqi bodies. In tbe blasted craters 
around you are box after box of 
ammunition, upon each lid of 
which are actually stencilled the 
words: “parts of tractor". The 
Iranians do not see the joke. Nor 
4o they understand your concern 
when you point out the tail fins of 
an unexploded bomb poking 
menacingly from the mud six 
yards away. The guard stares at 
you. “Are you afraid of dying?” he 

Individually, tens of thousands 
of Iranians will answer in the 
negative. Yet human life is not the 
only thing which can die iQ Iran. 
For there is. in some indefinable 
way, a death process within the 
state itself In a nation which looks 
backwards rather than forwards, 
in which women are to be dressed 
in perpetual mounting, in which 
death is an achievement, in which 
children can reach their most 
heroic attainment only m self- 
sacrifice, it is as -if the country is 
neutering itself, moving into a 
dark experience that finds its 
spiritual parallel in tbe mass 
slaughter of Cambodia rather than 
on the ancient battlefield of. 

It is a terrifying phenomenon 
, and one with which Iran’s neigh- 
bours cannot hope to come to 
terms. Their only salvation, per- 
haps. is that the Iranians will not 
know what to do with the victory 
which their blood sacrifice may 
obtain for them. 

David Watt 

to Damascus. The. government 
will, for many years, control the 
spending of huge sums of money 
on defence, lit nationalized in- 
dustries which no one will buy, in 
state-provided services, in state- 
funded research- This spending is 
to be governed by policy. A self- 
confident fret-market . govern- 
ment. while retreating wherever 
possible from people’s lives, 
would not be afraid- to spend 
affordable sums on widely ac- 
cepted national priorities, for 
example basic sdenhific research, 
the environment. And it should 
put people with market instincts 
and discipline in charge of all its 
spending. Every spending depart- 
ment would have a Mr Levine to 
- prevent fiascos like Nimrod, the 
RAFs still not airborne early- 
' warning aircraft 

Like sainthood, a perfect free 
market is a difficult thing to reach. 
But, like sainthood, it is worth 
aspiring to. Mrs Thatcher and her 
loyal colleagues should restate, in 
the boldest terms, their commit- 
ment to free market principles and 
explain the. moral and material 
benefits: increasing individual 
freedom, increasing individual 
responsibility, increasing prosper- 
ity as more and more people are 
freed from the debilitating effects 
of the too big nanny state. 

If they did, many of the 
government’s present problems 
would simply go away as things 
came to be seen in a more 
coherent light. 

In the Soviet Union, where the 
Communist Party Congress has 
just ended with the election of a 
new central committee, a clear 
profile is emerging of the sort of 
official who will see the Soviet 
state into the 21st century. What 
does it take to rise in Gorbachov's 
Russia? More to the point, how do 
you keep your job? 

You are at nsk if you arc over 
70, or look or behave as though 
you are over 70, and/or you were 
born, educated or worked in the 
Ukraine. Moldavia or Kazakh- 
stan — all identified with Brezh- 
nev or his appointees. You are 
further at risk if you have ever 
worked in the apparatus of the 
Moscow Communist Party. If you 
had anything to do with the 
Moscow city housing programme, 
your career is already as good" as 

Other negative indicators: if the 
contents otyour in-tray decreased 

mysteriously in 1983. during 
Andropov's period in office: if you 
openly expressed pleasure when 
Konstantin Chernenko was 
elected general secretary in 1984. 
or mourned when he died. 

And don't be too optimistic if 
you were caughi in the public 
baths or a shopping queue during 

How to get on under Gorbachov 

one of the 1 983 police swoops on 
malingerers. If you like an occa- 
sional shot of vodka, and know 
how to get round the licensing 
hours, do not say so. 

Your economic opinions will be 
under scrutiny too. You must not 
be under the misapprehension 
that the Soviet economy is doing 
fine; indeed approaches the best in 
the world. But nor should you 
believe that it is a no-hope 
prospect. That contradicts the 
accepted view of the “bright 
future". At the same time, do not 
suppose that you can improve 
your living standards by joining 
the Communist Party or taking a 
job in a food shop. The first is 
condemned as “careerism”, the 
second as “adventurism". Both 
are reprehensible. 

And finally, television. If you 
have not appeared on TV. and 
have no ambition to. remedy this 
as soon as possible. 

If you have avoided all these 
pitfalls, you can start contemplat- 
ing a reasonably secure career. But 
your prospects will be enhanced if 
you can meet some of the follow- 
ing requirements. 

You should be in your mid- 
fifties and have been born, edu- 
cated or worked in Siberia, the 

Urals, or the Stavropol region of 
central southern Russia (where 
Gorbachov spent much of his 
career). You may find it worth 
mentioning that you were once 
associated with Andrei Kirilenko, 
a high-ranking official purged by 
Brezhnev whose reputation is 
gradually returning to favour. 

A good omen is if your career 
look a dramatic turn for the better 
in 1983 and subsequently stag- 
nated. It will probably take off 
again soon. If you recorded or 
acquired a video of Soviet 
television's tribute to Andropov 
when it was screened last year, 
your prospects look even better. 

Ideally, you should have trained 
as an engineer or computer 
specialist Think carefully about 
the Soviet-economy: admit that it 
is lagging behind the West but not 
irrevocably so. You should be a 
patriot who believes that Russia 
has a great deal to be proud of, 
despite its problems, and it is no 
bad thing if-you are a member of 
the intelligentsia who has 
“accepted" the revolution. 

If in the past you ever tried to 
improve your area’s agricultural 
performance by forming workers 
into brigades, making them 
responsible for fulfilling contracts 

and paying them accordingly, you 
' will be highly sought after. Your 
prospects will be still better if you 
can combine this experience with 
a knowledge of how to conduct or 
interpret public opinion polls. 

Think about your personal life- 
style, too. Never take time off 
work to go shopping or get the 
television repaired; you should 
drink nothing stronger than froit - 
juice, even at New . Year. You 
should speak well and dress in 
some style, and you need to have a 
stable family life. If you have more 
than the average one child, this is a 
plus; but this may be overlooked if 
you are one of the few women in 
full-time party positions. 

Tbe more of these requirements 
you can meet, the more- brilliant 
your prospects. But be warned. 
One skeleton concealed in the 
family cupboard — one relative 
living abroad, one politically un- 
sound acquaintance, one attempt 
to bribe the wrong official — and 
your position is as perilous as if 
you had been brought up in 
Kazakhstan, spent your working 
life in the Moscow housing depart- 
ment, and failed the TV test. 

Mary Dejevsky 

president Botha of Sooth Africa 
has had front-page coverage in 
Europe and the US this week for 
two announcements: that the state 
of emergency may be lifted soon 
and that a start could be made in 
August on tbe UN plan for 
Namibian independence provided 
Cuban, troops leave Angola. Do 
these initiatives demonstrate an 
encouraging suppleness in South 
African policy or are they simply 
window-dressing designed to im- 
press the international bankers 
who are still haggling over the 
South .African debt and_ the 
Commonwealth group of “emi- 
‘ nent persons” now in South 
Africa. - . 

The regime is under enormous 
internal pressure; everyone can 
see that it is moving, by US own 
1 piariai standards, further and 
fester than ever before: But noth- 
ing yet done or promised tells us 
whether the movement is open- 
ended or is essentially limited by 
an Afrikaner determination never 
to give up control of the levers of 
power to blacks. 

All Botha's fundamental op- 
tions are still open. The promised 
abolition ofthepasslaws by July 1 
will certainly be enacted, but that 
will leave firmly in place the laws 
that prevent blades living outside 
their ghettos, and in any : case 
nobody knows whether existing 
influx controls will be replaced by 
subtler forms of control on black 
movement. The state of emer- 
gency will end, but that will still 
leave the security forces with 
ample powers to lock up pretty 
well any black they want. Namibia 
is to be freed but only under 
conditions unlikely to be met for 
many years- And so on. Botha has 
talked in the vaguest terms about 
power-sharing but he has never 
put sufficient flesh on the constitu- 
tional bones to justify either 
liberal optimism or a ferocious 
veto from his own right wing. 

The optimists still exist, particu- 
larly in the business community. 
One white businessman said to me 
the other dayrThis is my home. I 
can't admit that there ii bound to 
be a civil war. Tbe day I stop being 
optimistic will be the day before I 
get out" 

The hopeful scenario . goes 
something r like this: Botha has 
seen the writing on the wall and is 
reaHy prepared; though he dare 
not quite say so, to start a more or 
less open-ended dialogue with 
black leaders. He has his own 
sticking points: as he said in 
Januaxy in his notorious taped 
conversation with Van Zyl 
Slabbert, then leader of the oppo- 
sition Progressive Federal Party, 
.the whites should be able to keep 
their money,- their lifestyle and 
their, education system. But any- 
thing else, according to the op- 
timists. is open to discussion. 
What Botha needs is a couple of 
years to prepare the ground for 
these negotiations in his own party 
and to allow the logic of their long- 
term economic needs io sink in . 
among his own people. The only 
way to keep the lid on the political 
situation for the necessary length 
of time is by means of economic 
prosperity. If the international 
bankers give nsNthe money and 
sanctions are not imposed, we 

have a chance of making some 
progress* . . 

There is nothing about this 
anal ysis totaBy at variance with 
the government's official fine. 
Even Botha's recent de nu n ci ation 
of his own foreign minister for 
saying there aright one day be f 
black president can be squared 
with it if one assumes that the 
president's wrath was no* at . the 
sentiment but merely at Us being 
expressed ar- the wrong ‘mometu. 
Yet die depressing ran remains 
that a dasnetneafly opposite the- 
sis is equally cocsistent with what 

has been sad — and it* unfortu- 
nately. rather more consistent 
with tbe underlying political reali- 
ties. The essence of this pessimis- 
tic view . was expressed^ - to the 
infinite dismay or the optimists, 
by Van Zji Slabbert. their former 
hero, when be resigned from the 
PFP leadership and. starched ' out 
of parliament fast month because 
he so longer had any hope of 
positive government action; Tfc. 
limited Botha package is, to me 
his woadr a " ch a ra de"; it is 
intended merely to shift - the 
furniture of white domination 
around in a pattern s lightly Jess 
offensive to international opinion 
box without reafly ch a n ging any- 

thing fundamental 

There are severaL reasons why 
this in terp ret ation fc ominously 
plausible. One is the dieepieatod 
opposition to chary: among Na- 
tional Party activists and, even 
more significantly. among the 
security services whose power 
remains very great, if not acfogSy 
decisive. Another, w h ic h I men- 
tioned fast week, fc the absence of 
natiasrai fahtit leaden to talk to. 
Chief Bathnlrn can- chum m softy 
sense to "represent" haff the black 
population bat, since he is hated 
and despised by much of tbe other 
half, it is futile to do an exclusive 
deal with him. 

Bishop Tutu, now the most 
prominent black still at large span 
from ButhukzL is not a politician 
by profession, induration or-ahil- 
inappropriate in t erlocutor- Other 
blacks have local influence but bo 
national standing. Yet no coiisut- 
tional reform has the slightest 
chance of acceptance by Hades if it 
has not been freely negotiated with 
them. Ail this points mnorsdessfy 
not just to freeing Nelson Mandda 
but to the release of the other 
political detainees and the revival 
of black politics by unbanamg the 
ANC — something virtually 
impossible for Botha to impose q& * 
his cabinet or to survive if he did. 

Even if this were done, there 
would remain foe intrinsic diffi- 
culty of devising, a constitutional 
framework that would bridge the 
gap between Botha’s stated mini- 
mal safeguards and the blacks' 
minimum, expectations. 

For all these reasons I do not 
believe the prospects for real 
dialogue between the Botha gov- 
ernment and foe black population 
are encouraging. Nor do I think 
external pressure will achieve 
anything except to harden atti- 
tudes, increase misery and make 
that dialogue even more, remote. 
This. I know, is a hard saying, but’ 
everything I have seen recently fir 
South Africa suggests it is true. •' 

moreover — Miles Kington 

Cue for hard 

There are two kinds of game. One 
involves body contact with the 
opposition; foe other does not. In 
body contact games you may find 
yourself in violent contact with 
the opponent (boxing, soccer), . or 
with foe referee (wrestling, tennis) 
or even with your own side 
(rugby). In the other, intellectual, 
kind of game (chess, bridge), you 
never even touch your opponent. 

Actually, there is a third kind of 
game, neither intellectual nor 
physicaL It is called darts, and 
involves-only counting accurately. 
But that need not concern ns berk ’ 
What we are concerned with is foe 
intellectual kind of game: chess 
and bridge. 

You can tell they are mlellectaal 
because newspapers and maga- 
zines run columns for them, 
complete with intellectual di- 
agrams. A chess column always 
comes with a board showing 'the 
last grim stages of a match, with a 
caption something like: "White to 
mate in three moves — but how?" 
A bridge column always has an 
aerial view of a table with South 
having seven hearts. and a caption 
something like: “Can South cross- 
ruff into dummy to neutralize 
East's dangerous lurking dub?". 

Games like rugby and soccer 
never have columns and diag ram* 
like this. Can you imag ine the 
diagram of a soccer game with a 
caption: "The opposing right back 
is about to break your leg — what, 
can you do?”? Ora rugby diagram: 
“A distinguished Welshman is 
walking on your free. What is your 
correct response?”? Of course not. 
That sort of game -is not reducible 
to diagrams. 

But there is an other game which 
does not obey any of these nries. 
Snooker. Snooker is intdlectuaL It 
is non-violent And yet there is no 
newspaper column about snooker 
which poses intellectual problems 
and gives you snappy diagrams, 
with captions like; “My gpodness, 
can you possibly’pot the pink from 
here and still find yourself in a 
good position for foe next red?” . 
Amazing, is it not. that such a ' 
successful game as snooker has . 
never cracked the problem, of 
media popularization? , - 

Until now. Because today 

Moreover prints the first complete 
diagram of a tense position from a 
recent high-level snooker game, 
and asks you_-“What would you do 
next?” Yes. thanks to the new l 
technology, we can show you an* ■ 
actual situation from a rear game, 
recorded by satellite photograph 
somewhere in Essex, which tackles 
your ingenuity and your knowl- 
edge of this wonderful game. ■ 

It is your go. You are 5-4 down 
in a best-of- 11 -frame game. You 
are 53-1 1 down in this vital game. 
You haveto make this shot just to 
stay in the game. The cue ball is 
apparently trapped behind, a few 
others on the cushion, but "you 
must pot the black- The only way 
is by hitting the ball oh to the Boor 

and coming back on the table wifo 

a leg break — but how? 

An additional problem is that 
we do not have the capability just# 
°o w of showing you which ballis 
which colour, so that aH the balls 
in the diagram look black, except 
of course for the cue ball which is 
mack on the outside and white nr 
foe middle. Using your skill- and 
judgement, you have to guess, 
wbiai is the yellow, pink, brown,: 
purple, etc. Purple? Is there a 
purple m snooker? WdL that’s 
an ? lh f r ^ foryour ingenuity. / 
And here s another difficulty.' 
Since I have slightly over-written. 

n 55? m ’ 35 ^ K> pnnr 
foe snooker diagram of tfaisihrill- 
mg position from a recent 
toununent game. To solve that'' 
prootem correctly,, you have to- 
pra&ne foe position of aH foe 
balls on the table. We do actually 
tavethe diagram here, butifwj 
pnnted it now it would be about 
the same size as O. So yon caasee 
our problem. 

m There’s our 

i looker Problem. What you 
have to do is work out whois 
playing who, what foe position is. 
what you would do.\£dwS 
«cuse you would havTfor ™ 
being able to do u. t. 

1 Tomorrow, we shall Kim foe 

z. uont forget. tf»s wonderful 

So don t miss Snooker Comer 
exclusive to this column! A 
tough for 



\\X * 




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, ■•Criminal . Justice BilL 
2 > previewed in yesterday’s white 
l^paper, wiD he one of the last 
7w;legistah v e. acts' of Mrs 
^JTftatchefs government before 
£ the next election. It.wil be the 
^. swansong of the party of law 
.^and order. -Yet it wia not lend 
-.t itself to grandiloquence on the 
jc hustings. It is for the most part 
?* an administrator’s package, a 
/•^largely congenial rag-bag of 
j’J measures, ^several of which 
" would happily have secured 
^ the assent of a non-Tory Home 
--Secretary. Thafis not, a cnti- 
cism: But . it .will : make for 
■% difficulties of presentation, 
iff- * The white paper represents a 
^defeat for all' those, on' the 
^Conservative back benches 
and m the public at large, who 
it have been led to believe that 
% rates of crime are connected in 
K<rSome easily identifiable way 
J wwith the sentencing' menu 
favailabk to , the courts, the 
. ppwer of prosecutors and wiK- 
V; jhess of defence . counsel It is, 
*«ih jab -. small measure, a -step 
^ away from the punitive tough- 
..'.talk, and short sharp shocks 
-tthat earlier were the hallmark 
’2 of policy. The hesitant, some- 
~what “green”, tenor of the 
.white paper is a recognition of 
7 the complexity; of crime in 
^modern society, In this respect 
-.^it is welcome. :. 

.v . It does, however, make for 
fudge. The government’s solu- 
Tion to a perceived problem of 
. too. lenient sentencing in the 
. ’criminal courts was thrown 
7-Out in the House of Lords. 
1- Instead of re-appraising the 
.-..problem the . government* 
-wants to side-step. The:white 
-paper proposes what is no 
;'more than better; communica- 
tion within the judiciary. This 
;"£s welcome,-. fuffy in accord 
. with existing trends, but likely 
£ to result: in greater* uniformity 
of sentencing - rather than 
^'movement along the axis be- 
‘tween harshness and leniency, 
raf Again the : government is 
^recognizing both the absence 
..of an easy option ' and the 
essentially long-term nature of 
■ changes in the judidal climate. 

- Presenting Lhe policy retires 
; a special effort by rninStersio 
* educate not onlythe public but 
. their own backbench suppoit- 
Ters about thegnduai nature of 
.change in the dispensation of 
'justice. This cautious ap- . 
proach may well suit Mr 
.' Hurd’s temperament 

Indeed this ' task ' of re- 
education need not be diffi- 
cult The white paper sets out a 
tsequence of measures, wholly . 
welcome; to .'redirect the 

. public's attention from that 
earlier atavistic approach to 
the perpetrators of crime to an 
altogether more civilized con- 
cern with, crime's, victims. 
Putting the Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board on . a 
statutory basis will not in itself 
change things much. What will 
change things is the payment 
of money to victims and, at 
last, the official recognition of 
victims in the court itself 
- Thu must be linked with the 
white papa's proposals on the 
proceeds of crime. The govern- 
- ment plans to extend a genera] 
power of ; forfeiture to all 
offences. Money can never be 
a full recompense for the 
damage, social and psychologi- 
cal, caused by theft or vi- 
olence, but it is a symbol of 
justice. TO render the entirety 
of an offender’s assets liable 
for seizure is justified ab- 
solutely in maiding those assets 
available to pay for repara- 

. The white paper is aware 
that in this, as elsewhere, the 
government’s enthusiasm for 
action over drug trafficking is 
an engine of policy change. 
This need be no bad thing. The 
international nature of the 
drugs trade has evidently 
steeled the government’s hand 
to attempt a major reform, 
after 110 years, of the statute 
governing extradition of 
offenders. But there are also 
grounds for believing that here 
perhaps the government has 
gone too far. . 

In the movement of sus- 
pects, indeed : of convicted 
individuals, between national 
boundaries there must be a an 
expectation of reciprocity. In 
an era of multinational 
organizations, especially the 
' European.. Community, in 
which the interpenetration of 
legal systems has gone a 
considerable distance there 
-must be faith in member 
nations’ criminal law. But that 
act of faith must be mutual. 
Abolishing tire , rule that , re- . 
quires evidence against a fu- 
gitive to • be presented 
according to Endish rules 
requires reciprodaf: earing tof 
foreign nations* rules of pro- 
cess. As fat as Western Europe 
goes there is a basis for 
uniformity of treatment Fur- 
ther thought is needed about 
arrangments with other coun- 
tries. . 

The motive of the white 
paper ought to be the quest for 
justice.. Its. proposals on de- 
fence. . lawyers' peremptory 
challenge to jurors are on the 

right course. In recent times 
the challenge has been 
manipulated, juries re-struc- 
tured and justice badly served. 
.The government will need to 
give thought to the con- 
sequence of abolition for the 
. prosecution’s traditional right 
to alter the composition of the 
jury, and perhaps truncate it in 
parallel The right of challenge, 
for good cause anil need to be 
better encoded. The white 
paper's suggestion that a list of 
potential jurors’ jobs be pub- 1 
lished is a fascinating one— an 
attempt to smuggle sociology 
into the criminal justice sys- 

This last suggestion has 
some kinship to Lord RoskUTs 
concern with juries’ expertise. 
The government's room for 
manoeuvre on the adjudica- 
tion of major fraud cases 
decreases the nearer the City 
gets to the Big Bang. Here the 
greenness of the white paper 
becomes a liability. Anticipa- 
tion is a better policy than 
politically expensive regret : 
some clearer statement of 
intent on Roskill would have 
given the paper much more 

The search for justice has 
evidently not been the motive 
. for all of the planned bill In 
several cases, the object is 
plainly to cut costs and sim- 
plify administration. In the 
proposed reform of juvenile 
justice the aim is even less 
respectable, a desire to fill up 
detention centres whose cells 
are lying embarrassingly 
empty. There seems no other 
explanation for sentencing op- 
tions proposed for juveniles. 

Related notions of admin- 
istrative convenience domi- 
nate the government’s 
thinking about redistributing 
business between magistrates 
and the Crown Courts. There 
is a case for extending the 
range existing statutory cate- 
gories fit only for summary 
trials. But objections to the 
removal of a right of jury trial 
firr offences of dishonesty re- 
main as strong as when the 
issue'was last - considered a 
decade ago. 

Small theft , cases in the 
Crown Court can be farcical. 
But jury service is a positive 
civic duty, as useful (as the 
government rightly judges) for 
older as firr younger citizens. It 
is for many tire only access 
they ever have to the system of 
criminal justice about which 
the government ought rightly 
to be concerned to educate the 


For all the talk of new feces, 
new ideas and new energy, the 
men (and one woman) selected 
yesterday to see the Soviet 
Union through the next five 
years have a distinctly dated 
look about them. The two 
longest-serving republic lead- 
ers, Dinmukhamed Kunayev 
aiui Vladimir Shcherbitsky, 
keep their seats on -the Polit- 
jburo despite vociferous ciiti- 
‘fein of their managerial 
competence in recent months. 
Strong local baddng, coupled 
Vjith the requisite degree of 
self-critical breast-beating, has 
assured them — accidents 
apart — another five years in 
their posts. The perennial 
question of how to remove 
ineffective, but firmly en- 
sconced, local overlords has 
not been addressed; not even 
by. the supposedly dynamic, 
mould-breaking. Mikhail 

Sergeyevich Gorbachov. 

i,uThe only individuals to 
Tfeve dropped put of the 
leadership altogether are in 
their eighties and mfinnu.The 
new feces are but old feces 
redesignated. The one new 
member of the Politburo was* 
and still is. a member of the 
Secretariat Of the five new 
members of. the . Secretariat, 
oiie is Moscow’s veteran 
ambassador, in. Washington, 
Anatoly Dobrynin. The other 
four already hold responsible 

posts in the Communist Party 
or government apparatus. It 
remains as true of 
Gorbachov’s Russia as of ' 
Brezhnev’s that the bureau- 
cracy looks after its own. The 
spiritof revolution as an agent 
for change in the Soviet Union 
has long been dead. 

.Still open to question, how- 
ever, even after the marathon 
proceedings of the past 10 
days, is how fer the Soviet 
leader — himself a committee 
man par excellence — will 
either want or be able to shape 
the bureaucracy to achieve the 
aims he has set He has 
pledged to redirect and stream- 
line Soviet economic manage- 
ment to maintain the pre- 
eminence of the Co mm u nis t 
party in all aspects of Soviet 
life (including military and 
cultural affairs), and to uphold 
the position of the Soviet 
Union as a world power 
mighty enough to talk to the . 
Americans as an equal. 

In Mr Gorbachov’s han- 
dling of the Communist Party 
Congress, there has been just a 
him of how he is proposing to 
set about this: not through 
personalities, so much as 
through structures. There has 
been talk of a redivision of 
responsibilities and a redraw- 
ing of the relationship between 
the Communist- Party organs, 
and government ministries; of 

more cross-checking, but less 
duplication of responsibilities. 

The feet that the majority of 
this week’s changes have been 
in the Secretariat, the leading 
executive body of foe Com- 
munist Party, rather than in 
the -Politburo, its policy-mak- 
ing branch, reflects the 
preoccupation of the present 
Soviet leadership with struc- 
tural refinement The nature of 
the new appointments also 
seems to confirm the priority 
being given to technological 
advancement, to economic 
management, and to the super- 
Tpower relationship. But the 
personalities who have been 
chosen to fill these positions 
are themselves a guarantee 
that any change will be very 
long in coming. 

The Soviet leader may . be 
realistic in believing that the 
way to bring about change in 
Soviet society is through its 
bureaucracy. He may be 
equally realistic in believing 
that so fer as the people 
currently at the top are con- 
cemed,he has to make the best 
of a bad job,’ and wait for the 
new generation to make its 
way through a restructured 
apparatus. But nothing that 
has taken place in Moscow this 
week has shown that change, at 
least real political change, is 
what Mr Gorbachov wants. 

TRent decontrol 

more than doubled, from around 
1 10,000 dwellings a year to over 
i * 250,000 dwellings a year. As 

From Mr Kenneth G. Braidwm decontrol took place properties 

XA'gs &jjg - 

Ul inCICiUCU _____ 

non in Britain; but be was vyong 
to imply thal.pror pons 9 * -B? 
rent Acts are primarily rtgggjjj 
for the decline in, the availability 
of rentable property. . 

* -In 1957 advocates ofdecon^ol 

were rewarded by an Act which 

practically deconirolJed large 
blocks of rented pr^>« to® 
areas of highest- demand 
central London. Over the 

fowyars, Whilst Ihe 

• loss of 'privaw renmbie property 

housing market The 1957 Act 
ignored that part of the decontrol 
equation, as have successive gov- 
ernments since. The tax advan- 
tages of owner-occupied against 
rented accommodation are. now 
such that it is plain daft for young 
people* even on modest salaries, 

to tent instead of buying. e . 

-The private renwd sector has 
now shrunk to less than 5 per cent 
ofBritain’s housing stock. Most of 

that 5 per cent consists of nine- 
teenth-century buildings occupied 
by people well over 50 who have 
lived in them, for a Iom time and 
could not obtain, or afford, mort- 
gages to buy, or new rents, on an 
even smaller private market So 
. decontrol will -add precious little 
to the “available-for-rent" sector 
whilst new buildings for rental are 
not going to find an appreciable 
demand until there is a major 
reform of the tax provisions as 
they relate ip owner-occupation 
abd private rental. 

Yours faithfully, 


15 Pembroke Court, 

Edwardes Square, 

Kensington, W8. 

March 3. 


Cut-backs that 
endanger lives 

From Dr R. JL Sown 
Sir, Closure to hospital emergency 
admissions is now widespread in 
the Home Counties, ' especially 
during foe winter. My hospital has 
been dosed for over 24 hours to all 
medical, suigical and casualty 
admissions, both last week and 
this week, and the same frequently 
applies to the Guildford, Woking 
and Chertsey groups. 

The population of foe metro- 
politan regions steadily increases 
and m my own district has risen 
from under 200,000 to nearly one 
third of a million in ten years and 
still continues to expand. In spite 
of the increase in local health-care 
demand the regional authorities 
around London are having money 
diverted from them to other parts 
of the country under the RAWP 
(Resource Allocation Working 
Party) formula. 

The urgency of our local situa- 
tion is well appreciated by our 
own population, members of Par- 
liament and the regional health 
authority but they are powerless to 
influence the central administra- 
tion seemingly until tragedies 

In personal terms it means that 1 
have not been able to obtain a bed 
for a patient with terminal cancer 
of the liver and 1 have had to send 
him home for his general prac- 
titioner to treat. In the same day 
we have also had to refuse a 
request for admission of a young 
woman with a potentially life- 
threatening infection. 

The Government must re- 
examine the whole funding of the 
hospital health service in the 
metropolitan regions before a 
catastrophe occurs. 

Yours faithfully. 


Portsmouth Road, 

Prim ley, 


February 27. 

Tremor risks to nuclear plants 

From Professor D.Q. Bowen 
Sir, Uncertainty on potential 
earthquake hazard in areas where 
nuclear power stations are located 
(report, March I) is largely a 
function of the lack of suitable 
geological information on 
comparatively recent earth bis* 
lory. Whereas the events of tong- 
tom geological history in such 
areas can be broadly established it 
is foe shorter-term recent events 
which need to be understood in 
order to acquire a basis for 

Principal among these is foe 
need to evaluate the behaviour of 
the earth's crust dining and cer- 
tainly after the last ice age, when 
the weight of the ice sheets 
depressed it well below present sea 

Primarily at issue is tbe extent 
to which the crust has recovered 
and whether or not it retains a 
residua] ‘'memory” of such an 
event which in due course may 
activate tremors both local and 
regional in their effect 

A major handicap in acquiring 
this information is the lack of a 
time-scale say, for example, radio- 
carbon chronology. This arises 
because of the dearth of suitable 
organic samples for dating, a 
consequence of the rigorous cli- 
mate immediately prior to and 
during glaciation. It is. therefore, 
encouraging to report progress 
towards tbe establishment of a 
precisely determined time-scale so 
as to constrain hypotheses of 
crustal behaviour at this crucial 

By combining two different 
dating methods, amino-acid geo- 
chronology (which establishes the 
age of degraded protein in mollusc 
shells) and radiocarbon dating of 
such carefully screened samples, a 
time-scale is at last emergent. Its 
importance is self-evident, given 
the absence of any acceptable 

This new initiative has already 
shown that some parts of the Irish 
Sea basin were depressed some 
180m below present sea level 
17,000 years ago. Whereas most 
crustal recovery probably oc- 
curred by 13,000 years ago, it 
would be premature, in view of the 
unexpectedly Large amount of 
depression shown, to assume it 
has ended and feat crustal stability 
obtains wife no attendant earth- 
quake risk. Even minor 
a/dustmenis could lead to poten- 
tially damaging consequences for 
any large-scale engineering struc- 

The available evidence is ca- 
pable of considerable enhance- 
ment but does not allow any 
complacency on misplaced, 
mainly long-term based geological 
notions of seismic stability. 

Yours faithfully, 


University of London, 

Royal Holloway and Bedford New 

Department of Geography, 

Egham Hill. 



March 1. 

New examination 

From ihe Chairman and Chief 
Executive of ihe Secondary 
Examinations Council 
Siri Mr M. A. Schutzer- 
Weiasnuun (March 1) is correct in 
noting the influence examination 
syllabuses can have on what is 
taught in our. secondary schools, 
but his inferences about fee effects 
of the new examination system are 
so fer from the truth that I wonder 
.where his information about the 
GCSE can have come from. 

The national criteria for the new 
examinations have been designed 
to raise standards of attainment 
across the whole ability range and 
across the curriculum. They reflect 
best practice in existing syllabuses 
and assessment and to deduce that 
they are biased towards fee 
utilitarian and away from tbe 
cultural can only be described as 

Yours faithfully, 


Chairman and Chief Executive, 
Secondary Examinations Council. 
Newcombe House, 

45 Notting Hin Gate, Wll. 

Sellafield safety 

From the Secretary of the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
Sir. In his article “Sellafield, Jeaky 
as a sieve” (February 26), Robin 
Russell Jones makes a number of 
allegations about tbe National 
Radiological Protection Board 
and its work. 

Firstly he says we calculated fee 
number of deaths from Sellafield 
discharges, as part of our wdrk for 
Sir Douglas Black’s advisory 
committee, as 0.1. This is not true. 
We predicted 0.1 childhood 
leukaemias over the period and 
population in question from all 
sources of radiation. The largest 
component of this risk was due to 
natural background radiation. 
SeUafiekl discharges contributed 
0.01 cases of leukaemia. 

It was on this basis that it was 
said that foe leukaemias were 
unlikely to be due to Sellafield 
discharges and not, as Russell 
Jones claims, because there were 
four cases. 

Secondly -the new quantitative 
information on paniculate dis- 
charges in the 1950s has been 
provided by BNFL pic and not 
NRPB. This information has 
caused us to revise our risk 
estimates and fee overall risk to 
Seascale children remains at 0.1, 
of which fee SeUafiekl contribu- 
tion may now be 0.016. 

It is of interest that none of the 

children born in Seascale who 
contracted leukaemia was alive 
when these releases took place in 
the 1950s. when the doses were 
highest. They were born later, 
when doses were lower. 

The reason that we did not have 
these data before, as wife the 
polonium in the Windscale fire, 
was that . BNFL pic did not 
provide us wife those data. 

Finally, monitoring is the pri- 
mary responsibility of fee Depart- 
ment of the Environment and the 
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries 
and Food. The board does under- 
take monitoring to investigate 
particular circumstances; hence 
we monitored local people at the 
time of Black; we have monitored 
airborne activity since the 
Windscale inquiry; we measure 
activity in foodstuffs; we have 
measured radioactivity in dusts in 
households; and finally we have 
analysed activity in autopsy sam- 
ples from Cumbria. 

All these results are published 
and have not led us to conclude 
feat there is any significant health 
risk. ■ 

Yours faithfully, 

ROGER CLARKE. Secretary, 
National Radiological Protection 




February 26. 


From Mr R. J. Hartley 
Sir, I can better Mr A A Mott 
(March 3) and his 18 jobs. I have 
had fee following jobs, all with 
different employers, in the order 
listed below: 

1. Farm labourer; 

2. Hotel kitchen help; 

3. Computer operator, 

4. Computer programmer, 

5. Male model; 

6. Sauna salesman; 

7. Barman; 

8. Petrol pump attendant; 

9. Cafeteria assistant; 

10. Swimming-pool attendant; 

1 1. Factory labourer, 

11 Stone-cladding salesman; 

13. Loans organizer, 

14. Regular Army officer; 

15. Conference organizer; 

16. Apartment cleaner, 

17. Painter/decorator; 

18. Builder, 

19. Company director. 

1 held jobs 1 and 2 while I was 
stiff at (boarding) school; jobs 5 to 
10 paid for, and ran concurrently 
with, my further education; job 1 5 
was in New York; and jobs 16 to 
18 were in California. 

I decided, as a youngster, that I 
would travel to where there was 
work. The experience gained from 
this wide variety of jobs enabled 
me to start job number 19 eighteen 
months ago — and my 33rd 
birthday is later this month! 

Yours faithfully, 


The Garden Flat, 

114 Shooters Hill Road, 
BJadfoeafo, SE3. 

Future of Vickers 

From the Chairman of the Na- 
tional Freight Consortium 
Sir. This week a decision is being 
taken about fee future of Vickers 
Shipbuilding and Engineering 
which, in one respect at least, has 
great significance omside fee ship- 
building industry. The Govern-, 
meat Iras made it dear that the 
rival bids for the company will be 
judged on a commercial basis, and 
ray purpose in writing is to express 
tbe very strong hope that the 
potential benefits of employee 
share ownership (which features 
prominently in fee bid by the 
Vickers management team) will be 
given foil weight in tbe decision. 

The management buy-out plan 
has the novel feature of offering 
shares for purchase by members of 
fee local communities surround- 
ing the shipyards concerned, but 
in several respects it is modelled 
on tbe National Freight 
Consortium's successful buy-out 
in 1982. There are a number of 
reasons why NFC has been so 
commercially successful in the 

four years since then but overlay- 
ing everything has been the effect 
ofemployee share ownership. 

In my view it is the hidden 
“plus factor” which has not only 
helped us to produce improved 
turnover, profits and earnings per 
share but has proved immensely 
attractive to customers for its 
promise of better service from a 
highly motivated workforce. I do 
not need to spell out the implica- 
tions of this success for the tong- 
term future of the business and fee 
job opportunities which it pro- 

Widening share ownership is — 
rightly - an important pan of fee 
Government's strategy. I hope 
that its importance will be dem- 
onstrated in practical fashion in 
fee decision on fee furore of 
Vickers Shipbuilding. 

Yours faithfully. 

National Freight Consortium ptc. 
The Merton Centre, 

45 St Peters Street. 


March 4. 


From Dr P. Hickman 
Sir, What purpose does fee dust 
jadeet of a hardbound book serve 
if it conceals the pristine appear- 
ance of fee binding- it preserves? 
At whal stage should I remove it? 
Yours faithfully, 


Scallard House, 

North Cutty. 

Taunton, Somerset. 

Mark of disfavour 

From Mr Brian P. Boreham 
Sir, Oh dear, Mr Foot’s letter 
(March 5} about fee relative 
values of the pound and the marie 
has it the wrong ^ way round. Surely 
the more marks to the pound fee 
higher, not fee lower, the pound. 

I don’t know if you left your files 
behind in the move to Wanting, 
but marie my word you have put a 
fool in it this time. 

Yours faithfully. 


Wilson Wright & Coj, 

122 Chanceiy Lane, WC2. 

Teaching of English 

From Mr K Schoenenberger 
Sir, Professor Brown and others 
(February 25) “are concerned at 
fee near collapse in our schools' 
teachingoffee syntax of English'*. 
They will therefore no doubt be 
interested to leant that since 1962 
the Oxford and Cambridge 
Schools Examination Board has 
provided an examination in ”use 
of English” at fee level at which 
Professor Brown and his col- 
leagues see the greatest need, and 
it is finely available to all schools. 

The purpose of the ex aminati on 
is to test literacy; our regulations 
stress that “the examiners will 
attach great importance to sen- 
tence structure and punctuation”. 
The questions are designed to test 

Troubled conscience 

From Mr A. H. Mould 
Sir, Mark Ruston's All Saints 
(February 27) are not the only 
immortals whom the Powers that 
Be assume to be living in Cam- 
bridge. A few years ago, -when we 
hadjust completed giving the first 
production of John Rutter’s new 
children’s opera. The Piper of 
Hamelin, a tax daim arrived from 
the Inland Revenue addressed to 
the Pied Piper, 73 Grange Road, 

We returned it marked “Gone 
away — under the hill”. 

Yours truly, 


St John's College School, 

Grange Road, 


February 27. 

fee following abilities: 

1. Comprehension of a logical 

2. Precise explanation of the 
meaning of words. 

3. Gear use of English in explana- 
tion, description, or argument. 

4. The capacity to correct faulty or 
clumsy English. 

By 1965 this board bad 17,102 
candidates for the examination, 
but fee numbers gradually dwin- 
dled to 1,089 twenty years later. 
Professor Brown may well wonder 
why. The reason is not hard to 
find: Oxford dropped “use of 
English” as an alternative en- 
trance requirement to Latin in 
1976 and in 1977 Cambridge 
followed suit. In those two years 
fee entries declined drastically. 
This year only 30 schools have 
entered a total of 742 candidates. 

It is a simple matter of ^ “supply 
and demand”. If Professor Brown 
and his colleagues want to achieve 
feeir aim, the solution is in their 
hands: if they insist that feeir 
institutions apply a test in the use 
of English as a compulsory en- 
trance requirement, schools will 
respond accordingly. However, to 
be realistic, it is obvious feat 
engineering faculties cannot he 
alone in this insistence; they must 
have fee support or all other 
faculties in all universities and 
institutions of higher education. 

Yours faithfully, 

Secretaiy, Oxford and Cambridge 
Schools Examination Board, 
Hsfidd Way, 


February 28. 


MARCH 7 1921 

In 1804 The Times began, about 
once a month, to regale its readers 

innovation did not long survive 
and hy the opening of the 
Victorian era there appeared little 
effort made to appeal to women 
readers. It was left to Lord 
Northdiffe. who bought tile paper 
in 1908. to remedy that He 
introduced the fashion article and 
sketches, which brought in 
lucrative advertising from 
London’s West End stores. 




Women’s clothes never suggest a 
sense of humour, and perhaps that 
is why women are said to possess 
none. It is impossible to imagine a 
woman’s hat or dress with that 
quality. Clothes remain superbly 
feminine, particularly those de- 
signed by men. 'Hie tailonnade, for 
example, may be a long, straight 
coat with only a slight pinching at 
tbe waist- line and no fullness on 
the hips to accentuate iUorsucque 
coats may show many variations in 
trimmings and colours. Another 
style is the fall-hipped coat with a 
decided waist-line placed slightly 
above the normal, and there is also 
fee regulation covert coat, cut to a 
nicety and tailored to the Last 
degree. From all those styles a 
woman must choose. They give her 
wide scope to change her mind. 

Skirts are as “pemickity” as 
coats. Laches wife slim ankles may 
still wear slim, short skirts; others 
less favoured may have longer ones. 
But there are many degrees of 
length and shortness. There is fee 
skirt which dips on one side only 
and looks as if it were a length of 
material draped round the figure 
hurriedly; it is fastened on one hip 
to fall carelessly .down the side, 
opening over a plain panel. There 
is the skirt with two long side 
panels both longer than tbe rest of 
the skirt; the panels may fly loose 
or be caught in to the hem Turkish 
fashion, suggesting that in Turkey 
there is reluctance to give, or 
perhaps to take, fall freedom. 
There is the scolloped skirt, with 
an apron drapery, the straight skirt 
with fee fish-wife drapery, the 
pleated skirt, and the plisse skirt. 


Colour again is capricious. It 
strikes the eye, it flashes like the 
sun, it hides behind pleats, it tines 
panels, it is discovered in a lining. 
In a word, it is feminine in its 
surprises. There is a black dress, a 
grey dress, or one in sober brown. 
The puritan-looking thing is dis- 
concerting, for it must be met with 
the right manner. Then comes a 
swift movement by fee wearer or a 
puff of wind, and a brilliant 
disclosure of green or cherry or blue 
or scariet It » as if “Priscilla" had 
produced a cigarette and asked for 
a match. 

Dresses for the afternoon are 
most subtle. A “fox-trot” or a “one- 
step” may be straightforward 
enough a proceeding, but the dress 
first has to be as elusive in its 
charm as possible. It looks so 
simple end is yet so complicated. 
The uninitiated would say it was 
one of those tittle frocks which 
could be “cut out" and “run up" in 
an hour or two. In reality it has 
been made on fee figure, for it has 
to correct the imperfections of 
nature. It looks straight up and 
down; but it is not. The pinch at 
fee hips corrects a tendency to too 
great a width, the tong tine gives a 
false idea of height, the tight 
sleeves add to the impression, and 
the way the bodice line gi 
imparts grace to the whole. 

Panels trim many things, and 
whatever their length or stogie they 
are simply described as panels. But 
tbe way they are put is important 
Just a shade more to fee back or to 
the front a tittle too high or too 
low, too long or too short loose or 
caught in at the feet— all these 
points about a panel must be 
settled by the maker and the 
wearer. Whether it shall be 
trimmed or plain and lined with 
colour is a n oth e r matter for consid- 
eration. A panel is so serious a 
thing that not a gleam of humour is 
to be got out of it Not so fee 
tucker, the frill, or the jabot all of | 
which are to be worn this summer. 
The tucker settles neatly round a 
girl’s rounded decollete and sug- 
gests a primness which it does not 


The coat-frock will, to a certain 
degree, replace the tailor-made. It 
will be slipped on over an old dress 
to make it look smarter, and it will 
be worn over a new one as a 
protection. There are so many 
styles that every woman must 
choose what suits her best There 
are coats with waists, with straight 
loose backs and wide Chinese 
sleeves; there are wrap-coats of 
three-quarter length with a flat 
id behind which flows loose 
until it is caught in at the hem. 
Others have a broad band of| 
material carried across the back 
and shoulders, which forms the 

It has taken Frenchwomen a 
long time to accept earrings, but 
they axe now worn in the evening. 
They are not merely long— they are 
very long™ 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr John Williams 
Sir, Last week in California my 
wife and I were shown over a' 
property whose garden was a 
virtual wilderness, to the extern 
that acacia trees had taken over 
fee avocado orchard. 

The realtor's description was a 
triumph of positive thinking and 
almost inferred an actual benefit - 
the garden, she enthused, had 
“deferred maintenance”. 

Yours faithfully, 


White beams, 

Rookley, Nr Ventnor, 

Isle of wight 
February 28. 







March 6: The Prince .Andrew, 
Presided of ihe Royal Aero 
Club, this evening attended a 
meeting of the Council of the 
Royal Aero Club followed by 
dinner at the Royal Air Force 
Club. Piccadilly. London, Wl. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by the Chair- 
man of the Royal Air Force Club 
(Air Commodore R. Wood) and 
the Chairman of the Royal Aero 
Club (Mr Beverley Snook). 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess .Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, this morning opened 
Xhc Linear Accelerator Unit at 
the Regional Radiotherapy and 
Oncology Centre. Bristol. 

being received by Her Majesiy 
upon assuming her appoint- 
ment as Director. Women's 
Royal Air Force. 
March 6: The Prince of Wales 
this morning attended a 
Commonwealth Development 
Corporation Board Meeting at 
33 Hill Street. London. Wl. 

Sir John RiddelL Bu was in 

His Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent. Business in the Commu- 
nity. this evening held a 
Reception in Kensington Palace 
State Apartments. 

The Princess of Wales this 
morning opened the Wyre For- 
est Glades Leisure Centre at 
Kidderminster. Worcestershire. 

Her Royal Highness, attended 
by Viscountess Campden and 
Lieutenant-Commander Ricb- 

DAY MARCH 7 1986 

Birthdays today 

hTO Higl^ was re- aircraft of The Queen's Flight, 
ceived oh arnval by Her 

Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for Pnnce Michael of Kent. Pres 

ard Avlard. RN. travelled in an " Sir Robert Atkinson. 70; Sir 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight. Rmgsley Collett, SO: Mr J.O. 

Hambro. 67; Sir Anthony Lam- 

__ . ben. 75: Mr Justice Latey. 72; 

Sale room 

the County of Avon (Sir John 
Wills. Bt) and the Senior 
Superintendent Radiographer 
(Mrs Barbara Sholl-Evansl 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, later opened the Ca- 
reers for the !9S0s Exhibition at 
the Bristol Exhibition Centre. 

Her Royal Highness this after- 
noon visited knowle Initiative 
Limited (.Agency Manager. Mr 
P. Wilkins) and afterwards the 
Knowle West Employment 
Venture (Project Manager and 
Chairman Avon County Coun- 
cil. Councillor W. Graves). 

Mrs Richard Carew Pole was 
in attendance. 

March 6; Air Commodore 
Helen Renton today had the 
honour of being received by 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. Coramandam-in-Chief. 
Women's Royal Air Force, upon 
relinquishing her appointment 
as Director. 

Air Commodore Shirley 
Jones also had the honour of 

Pnnce Michael of Kent. Presi- 
dent of the RAC. will present the 
annual Road and Car Awards at 
the Royal Automobile Club on 
March IS. 

Mr O. Palme 

A memorial service for Mr Olof 
Palme. Prime Minister of Swe- 
den. will be held in Westminster 
Abbey at 1 1.30am on Thursday. 
March 20. 1986. It would be 
helpful if those wishing to attend 
would notify* in writing: The 
Chapter Clerk. The Chapter 
Office. 20 Dean's Yard. West- 
minster Abbey. London. SW1P 
3 PA. so that the appropriate 
seating arrangements can be 
made and a press list compiled. 
Tickets are. however, not re- 

Mr Ivan Lendl, 26; Sir David 
Montagu Douglas Scon, 99; 
Lord Oliver of Aylmerton. 65: 
M r Eduardo Paolozzi, 62; 
Professor Sir David Phillips, 62; 
Mr Piers Paul Read. 45: Mr Viv 
Richards. 34: the Earl of Snow- 
don. 56: Mr Martin Tickner. 45; 
Sir Ranulph Twjstleton- 
Wvkcham -Fiennes. 42; Dame 
Margaret Weston. 60. 

Looking back without avail 


A memorial service for General 
Sir James Marshall Cornwall 
will be held in the Chapel of the 
Royal Hospital. Chelsea, on 
Monday. April 7. at 2.30 pm. 

Forthcoming marriages 

■ Mr J.M.P. Eustace 

» and Miss G.R. Oughton 

- The engagement is announced 
~ between James, son of Major 
I and the Hon Mrs T.R.H. 

- Eustace, of Glebe House. 
~ Boughton Aluph. Kent, and 

Gay. daughter of the late Mr 
Alan Oughton and of Mrs D.R. 
Oughton. of the Vale. Findon. 

Mr R.F.A. Vyryan 

• and Miss VjL Ogle 

1 The engagement is announced 

- between Ferrers, son of Sir John 
“ and Lady Vyvvan. of 

Trelowarren. Mawgan-in- 

• Mcneage. Helston. Cornwall 
and Victoria, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs M.B. Ogle, of 
Skerraton. Buckfastleigh, 

Mr W.G. Craven 
and Miss LS. Matheson 
of Matheson 

The engagement is announced 

- between William George, sec- 
ond son of Mr and Mrs John 

. Craven, of Cossingion. 

■ Leicestershire, and Isobd So- 
phia. younger daughter of Major 
Sir Torqubil and Lady 
Matheson of Matheson, of 
Standerwick. Somerset. 

Mr H.W. Wiggin 
and Mrs D. Anstey 

- The engagement is announced 
between Harry, younger son of 

. the late Colonel Sir William and 
' Lady Wiggin. and Diana, daugh- 
4 ter of the late Admiral Sir Robin 

- and Lady Dumford-Slaier. 

Mr R.G. Charlton -Jones 

and Countess Kasia Balias ka- 

‘ The engagement is announced 
between Richard, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Graham Charlton- 
Jones. of Oxshott. Surrey, and 
Kasia. eldest daughter of Count 
. and Countess Balinski-JundziU, 

. of Harpenden. Hertfordshire. 

Mr B.WA Daniell 

- and Miss $JP.C. Vernon 

The engagement is announced 
' between Robert, son of Mr C.B. 
DanielL of Presteigne. Hereford- 
shire, and Mrs F.A. Daniell. of 
Clapham. London, and Sally, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R.W. 
Vernon. ofSevenoaks, KenL 
Mr R.C. Eamey 
and Miss K-A. Crawford 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert son of Colonel 

Mr M.D. Eardley 
and Miss FJM.B. Foley 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr Den- 
nis Eardley. of Co Down. North- 
ern Ireland, and of Mrs Valerie 
Davey. of Exeter. Devon, and 

Botchers' Company 
Mr David L Franks, Master of 
the Butchers' Company, pre- 
sided at a court luncheon held at 
Butchers' Hall yesterday. Mr 
Blyth Oxley and Mr Roger dc 
Grey. President of the Royal 
Academy, also spoke. 

City and Guilds of London 

Mr H. M. Neal. Chairman of the 
Council, and honorary officers 
of the City and Guilds of 
London Institute were hosts at a 
luncheon held yesterday at 
Plaisterers' Hall. The Master of 
the Plaisterers* Company. Mr 
D.L. Robinson. Mr Harry Hum- 
ber, and the Clerk, Mr Henry 
Mott, were among those 
present. The fellowship of the 
institute was conferred upon: 

Mr J F Caplin. Professor J C Levy. Dr 
A C Meigh. Mr L S Newt or. Mr F E 
Roe and Proresior Josef Singer. 

London European Society 
The Greek Ambassador and 

After its failure to sell John 
Braine's diaries last autumn. 
Bloomsbury Book Auctions 
failed yesterday to find a buyer 
for a collection of .Arnold 
Wesker's works, all signed and 
inscribed to his friend, the 
poet Nathaniel Tam. 

Despite fifties nostalgia, the 
Angry Young Men's genera- 
tion does not seem to be “in". 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

sell John Scotsman during the 1920s to Quarter Master Sergeant 
autumn, and 1930s, covering nearly J-Anton of the 42nd Foot; they 
Auctions everv campaign in which a were estimated at 1600-1700. 

Scottish regiment fought from 
the Napoleonic wars to the 
Second World War, created 
intense interest at Sotheby's 

Mr Thomas Lees died in 
1947 and the collection, which 
was inherited by his family. 

Wesker had given the coUec- was completely unknown to 
tion of books to Tarn piece- latter-day collectors. The top 

Fiona, younger daughter of the other members of the dip- 
la le Mr John Joyce Foley and of lomatic corps were guests at a 

Mrs Margaret O'Flyhn. of luncheon given by the London 
Emsworth. Hampshire. European Society at the Waldorf 

Mr R J J. Fatah Hotel yesterday Dr David 

and Miss J.G. Carr g**"- ***£ of the Social 

The engagement is announced 5*™™“ J' SET 

between Jim. younger son of the 
late Sheikh Rahman Fatah and 

speaker and Mr Derek Prag. 
MEP. chairman of the society. 

Dr Maria Fatah, of West- i wa: ? in ihe chair. Other guests 

minslcr. London, and Jennie. I mciuaca loi 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs | ~ cn Loll ins, 
Geoffrey Carr, of Sheffield, I Scon - 

formeriy of Beaconsfield. 

Mr R.H. Gilbert 
and Miss J-E- Harrap 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, vounger son of 

included Lord Gladwyn, Mr 
Ken Collins. MEP, and Mr 


meal in the 1970s with various 
associated bits of ephemera, 
including a note which 
reads:“Just thank your lucky 
stars you only have to collect 
them, not read them". The lot 
was left unsold at £600 against 
an estimate of £1000-£1.500. 

Modem first editions of 
slightly older vintage, howev- 
er, secured some high prices. 
T.S. Eliot's Prufrock and Other 
Observations of 1917 went for 
£770 (estimate £300-£500) to 
Bell. Book and RadmelL The 
1929 first French edition of 
James Joyce's Ulysses, num- 
bered 51 out of 170 copies, sold 
for £308 (estimate £300-£400). 
and a 1940 first edition of 
Graham Greene’s The Power 
and the Glory made £242 
(estimate £100-£150). 

A proof copy of Dylan 
Thomas’s Under Milk Wood 
of 1954 was getting a bit too 
close in date, however, and 
just managed a purchaser at 
£242 (estimate £300-£400). 
The sale totalled £31.680 with 
12 per cent left unsold. 

The sale of a collection of 
campaign medals formed by a 

price of £4,400 took Sotheby's 
thoroughly by surprise. It was 
paid by A.H. Baldwin, the 
London dealer, for a Waterloo 
medal and two others awarded 

Royal Aero Clob 

Prince Andrew. President of the 

Royal Aero Club, presided ai the 

Service dinners 

Mr and Mrs D.D. Gilbert, of rou™* dinner held at the RAF 
Gosfonh. Tyne and Wear, and Club last mghL He was wel- 

BrHunnia Royal Naval College 

The Cardinal Archbishop of scholarships, which defray the 

Julie, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
F.W. Hamip, of Disley. Chesh- 

Mr B. Hepplewhhe 

and Miss NA Barrett 

The engagement is announced 

cornea by Air Lommoaore K. 
Wood. Chairman of the RAF 
Cub. and Mr Beverley Snook, 
Chairman of the Royal Aero 
Cub. Among those present 

Mr James Crocker. Mr Mike Fanttiam. 
Mr David Faulkner -Bryan. Mr David 

Westminster was the guest of 
honour at a mess dinner held 
last night at the Britannia Royal 
Naval College, Dartmouth. The 
commander of the college. Com- 
mander I.W. Craig, presided. 

between Barry Hepplcwhite. of ( k-miii ion Mr Ray ku^ion. Mr pvt-cy 

Newcastle upon Tyne, and 
Nicola Anne, youngest daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Nicholas Barrett, 
of South wood Cottage. . Riding 
Mill Northumberland. 

Moss. Mr Walter Newnark. Mr Rouen 
Pooley. Mr lan Stokes and Mr Ben 

Association of Corporate 

Mr F.EA. Roberts 
and Miss KJV1. Etcheiis 
The engagement is announced 
between Felix, only son of M 

Dr Walter Seipp was the guest 
speaker at a meeting of the 
Association of Corporate Trea- 
surers held at Merchant Taylors* 
Hall Iasi night Mr Gerald 
Leahy, president was in the 

Northumbrian Universities Air 

Air Marshal Sir Ivor Broom was 
the guest of honour at the 
annual dinner of the Northum- 
brian Universities Air Squadron 
held last night at RAF Leeming. 
Squadron Leader G. Caton pre- 

and Mme Frans Robijns. of chair and afterwards was host at 
Brussels. Belgium, and Katie, a dinner. 

only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Patrick Etcheiis. of Ringwood, 

Mr MJ. Sleigh 
and Miss E-C. Stringer 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael son of Mr and 
Mrs CJ. Sleigh, of The Clock 
House. Bromsgrove. and Clare, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. de C 
Stringer, of St Peter Port 

Royal Cruising Cub 
The annual dinner of the Royal 
Cruising Cub was held last 
night at the Savoy HoteL The 
commodore. Mr W.FL Batten, 
received the guests who in- 
cluded Mr David Edwards. 
Admiral of the Royal Ocean 
Racing Cub. and Mrs Edwards 
and Mr and Mrs Robert Horton. 

RAF Chapl ain s 

At ihe annual dinner of the RAF 
Church of Scotland and Free 
Church Chaplains held at 
Am port House yesterday eve- 
ning the Principal Chaplain, the 
Rev Graham Corderoy, wel- 
comed the guests, who included 
Air Chief Marshal Sir Thomas 
and Lady Kennedy, the Rev 
Chris and Mrs Ledgard and the 
Rev John and Mrs Ostler. 

Dr I.G. Stewart 
and Miss C. Oldham 
The engagement is announced 
between lain, eldest son of 
Margaret Stewart and the late 

Headley. Hampshire, and Ka- 
ren. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D.M. Crawford, of Ashley, near 
Altrincham, Cheshire. 

Eamey. of John Gordon Stewart, of TaxaL 

Derbyshire, and Christine, sec- 
ond daughter of Geoffrey and 
Hazel Oldham, of Davenport. 

Institution of Chemical 

The Institution of Chemical 
Engineers' annual dinner was 
hew on March 4 at the Savoy 
HoteL The president, Mr A.W. 
Forster, and Council welcomed 
as the principal guests and 
speakers Mrs Angela Rum bold. 
Parliamentary Under-Secretary 
of State for the Environment, 
and Dr David Ingram. Vice- 
Chancellor of Kent University. 

Royal Engineers Corps 
The Corps of Royal Engineers 
held a guest night in the RE 
Headquarters Mess. Brompion. 
last night. General Sir Hugh 
Beach. Chief Royal Engineer, 
presided. Among the guests 

Church news 

or Rccheottr. Mr John 
Admiral of the Fleet Sir 
John FJ^kJhouse. Lieutenant-General 
Sir Michael Cray. Ihe Mayor of 
Gillingham. Major General KSpacte. 
Mr F Allen. Mr C C Fielding. Mr R A 
Ford. Mr M W Leonard and Mr A C 

Science report 

Soviet craft penetrates core of Halley’s Comet 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The first dose-op pictures of predicted. There were water , 
Halley's Comet have revealed molecules but the analysis of 

a nucleus of between 2 to 225 
miles across; smaller than 
estimated from the previous 
photographs taken from 
.ground-based telescopes. 

In a dramatic transmission 
from the Russian spacecraft 
Vega 1, scientists at the Soviet 
Space Institnte in Moscow, 
including guests from America 
and Europe, saw the curtain 
lifted on one of astronomy's 
great mysteries. 

After initial debate between 

experts about the exact part of from particles. 

other substances will take 

The discovery about the 
concentration of dost particles 
is an important finding for die 
visit by the European Giotto 
spacecraft, which makes an 
interception with the comet at 
midnight on March 13. Una! 
adjustments are being made to 
the spacecraft for its flight into 
the comet. A protective shield 
covers the front of the vehicle 
to protect it against damage 

the comet that they were 
observing on the tele vision 
screens, the Soviet and Ameri- 
can scientists burst into ap- 
plause at the never previously 
seen images of the comet's 

Although it will take 
months to analyse all the data 
from the experiments aboard 
Vega 1, initial findings were 
being announced minutes after 

the mission succeeded in tak- 
ing the vehicle to within 6,000 
miles of the object Further- 
more, a second Soviet space- 
craft. Vega 2. will pass even 
doser to the comet on Sunday. 

There was less dust than 
expected, making observation 
easier, bat scientists said the 
gas density was higher than 

Dr Fred Whipple, the 
founder of modern cometary 
astronomy and the originator 
of the Amen theory, which 
describes comets as “dirty 
snowballs ’’.was among those 
at the Soviet space centre 
yesterday. He said: “It is a day 
of science history”. 

“Never before have we seen 
a comet dose op. 1 expect 
other data will give ns the 
answer as to the composition 
of the ices that are there". Dr 
Whipple, who is a member of 
the Smithsonian Astrophysi- 
cs! Observatory in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, added: “The 
pictures will give important 
information about the origins 
of comets and that's the origin 
of the universe". 

Dr Whipple's widely accept- 
ed 35-year-old theory holds 
that comets are mostly ice and 
frozen gases such as methane, 
carbon dioxide, carbon mon- 
oxide and ammonia mixed 
with bits of rock — left from 
the same clood of gas and dost 
from which Earth, the Sun and 
other planets formed. 

Roald Sagdeev, director of 
the Soviet institnte, explained 
the final historic approach to 
the comet's core. 

“This is a body which has 
never been semi by anyone", 
he said. “Comets probably 
were born at the very first 

The part facing the son gener- 
ates hot gases, tumbling like a 
bonffou hair-style to obscure - 
the nucleus from earth-based 
telescopes, and the tail of 
particles and gas develops into 
a lengthening stream as the 
solar radiation takes greater 

After six years of planning, 
the Vega 1 mission culminated 
in a tense 30-minnte dash that 
took it from a point 60,000 
miles from the comet's core to 
within 6,000 miles. 

Racing through the bead of 
the comet at 48 miles per 
second, the space probe began 

University news 

moment of the formation of encountering increasing 
oar solar system, some 4.5 amounts of partides that could 

billion years ago". 

Scientists got several 
glimpses of the comet's nucle- 
us yesterday. 

The colour-enhanced com- 
puter images from the probe's 
closest point to the nodeos 
showed a jagged -edged, egg- 
shaped mass with a yellow 
centre surrounded by a hard 
bine and then a tighter purple 

Until now the nucleus of 
Halley's Comet had never 
been seen, despite its 28 
previous recorded passes 
around the Sun. As the inac- 
tive object approaches the 
Sun, the comet begins to boiL 

have foiled its mission. 

Bnt scientists at the control 
room, and television viewers 
across the nation and in the 
United States, watched as the 
Vega 1 reached its nearest 
point to the core with its 
instruments still working. 

With the room full of excit- 
ed scientists. Burton Eddson, 
Associate Adm ini stra tor of the 
American National Aeronau- 
tics and Space Administration 
told Soviet scientists , who at 
one point feared they would 
not receive proper transmis- 
sions: “It gives me great 
pleasure to congratulate you 
on this great achievement". 


The following have been pro- 
moted to personal professor- 

Dr J. Christopher Eilbeck. 
reader and head of mathematics 
department; Dr Denis Moll iso n. 
reader, department of actuarial 
mathematics and statistics; Dr 
Brian Waldie. reader, depart- 
ment of chemical and process 
engineering: and Dr Brian S. 
Wherrett, reader, department of 

Dr D.Gareth Owen, senior lec- 
turer in offshore engineering, 
has been appointed to a chair in 
offshore engineering from 
March I. 


Honorary degrees have been 
conferred on the following: 

IIP. Mrs Margaret rtiaJcnS and 
Professor Philip James, dean of Ihe 
law School. 

DSc Professor Alan Peacock, former 
principal and vtce^hancelior. 

DU mu Mr J.PManin- Bales, appeal 

Only after the sale did 
Sotheby's discover that Anton 
had written his memoires. a 
rare but apparently spicy 
book, which adds a new 
dimension to the interest of its 
author's medals. 

Several regimental muse- 
ums were bidding at the sale. 
The Royal Scots paid £1,485 
(estimate£700-£900) fora pair 
of medals awarded to John 
Dixon of the 1st Foot the 
Army of India 1799. with 
clasps for Nagpore and Ava, 

and the Army Long-Service 
and Good Conduct of 1834. 

Portrait of Dimitri 
Grigorievich Levitsky, 
which fetched £7,560 at 
Christie's yesterday. 

and Good Conduct of 1834. 

The National Army Muse- 
um spent £264 to secure an 
unusual makeshift medal 
awarded to R.Buchanan in 
1809 for the" Best Shot" 
during the capture of 
WaJcheren. One side of an 
Italian five-lire piece has been 
converted into the medal: the 
reverse still bears the head of 
Napoleon and is unaltered 
from the normal coin. The 
■collection made £96.254 with 
only 2 per cent left unsold. 

At Christie's a sale of Rus- 
sian icons and later paintings 
was rather unsuccessful with 
38 per cent left unsold and a 
total of £90.331. In the main, 
the icons sold better than the 
paintings. The top price was 
£7.560 (estimate £6.000- 
£8.000) fin- a bust-length por- 
trait of a gentleman, dated ; 
1780. by Dimitri Grigorievich .: 

Inner Temple 

Duke of Edinburgh entrance 

Baking for the 
Easter Festival 

cost of admission to the inn and 
call to the Bar. have been 
awarded to the following: 

The Lady Mayoress, accompa- 
nied by the Sheriffs' ladies, 
opened the “Baking for the 
Easter Festival” exhibition at 
the Barbican Library on 
Wednesday nighL 

The Master of the Bakers' 
Company, Mr John D. 
Copeman. and Mrs Copeman, 
accompanied by the Wardens, 
received liverymen and their 
ladies and other guests. 

The exhibition, which lasts 
until April 4, displays Easier 
specialities from bakeries 
around the world, commemo- 
rates the quincentenary of the 
granting of a Royal Charter by 
Henry Vll to the Bakers' Com- 
pany. one of the oldest guilds in 
the City founded over 800 years 


Royal Commonwealth Society 
The Prime Minister of Barbados 
gave a lunchtime talk yesterday 
at the Royal Commonwealth 
Society, entitled “Develop- 
ments in the Caribbean". Sir 
Duncan Watson, deputy chair- 
man of the society, was in the 

Thf Rev L R Lawrence. Vicar. SI 
Stephen. Premon. diocese of Chester, 
to be also an Honorary Canon of 
Chester Cathedral 

Preb F A Ptachaud to be Prebendary 
Emeritus of St Paul's Cathedral upon 
hks retirement. 

The Rev J H Richardson, licensed 
Priest. d*oc«oe of Derby, lo be Team 
vicar. OM Brampton and Lotmdsiey 
Green, same diocese. 

TTie Rev O Rcrxby. Rector. St Chad. 
New Moston. otocese of Manchester. 
io be Vicar. St Peter. Bury, same 



Revolutionary studies in 

palaeolithic art 

Emperor Hirohfto of Japan and Empress Nagako enjoying the plum blossom in the gardens of tHe Imperial Palace. 

yesterday on the empress's eighty-third birthday. 

Professor Andrt Lcroi- 
Gourhan who died on Febru- 
ary 19 , at the age of 74, was a 
French archaeologist who 
made enormous contributions 
to prehistoric studies. 

Bom in Paris Ik spent his 
early student years learning 
Russian and Chinese, after 
which he turned to ethnology 
and archaeogology. He was 
involved in setting up the 
Musee de THomrae, of which 
he was a sub-director, and was 
director of the journal Gallia 
Prehistoire from 1962. 

He was Professor at the 
College de France from 1969 
until 1982. 

He will be remembered for 
his exemplary excavations at 
the cave of Arcy-sur-Cure and. 
above aft. at the late ice age 
open-air site of Pincevent near 
Paris. a camp of reindeer 

Previously, cave art had 
been seen as simple accumula- 
tions of figures, and interpret- 
ed through simplistic use of 
supposed analogies t o mo dem 
cultures. Leroi-Gourhan. to- 
gether with the late Annette 
Laming, strove to avoid sect* 
analogies, and saw tire figures 
as purposefully arranged with- 
in each cave; he found that 
horses and bison dominated 
the art cumcricany. and tend- 
ed to cluster in the central 
pans of the caves. 

He was also the first to 
tackle the enigmatic "signs'* in 
the an. deciding that, like the 
animal figures, they constitut- 
ed a binary system which 
might perhaps be interpreted 
m sexual tenns. 

Subsequent work has inev- 
itably modified or cast doubt 
on much of this approach, but 
it nevertheless remains the 

hunters, where he pioneered ™ X 

techniques of horizontal exca- * 

vation, the minute study and single greatest contnbuuon g 
moulding of occupation interpretation o 

floors, and ethnological recon- 
struction of the life of stone- 
age people. 

His other monument is 
Prehistoire de I'Art Occidental 
(1965) - translated into En- 
glish as The Art of Prehistoric 
Man in Western Europe - the 
book which embodies his 
revolutionary approach to 
palaeolithic art. 

palaeolithic art. 

Leroi-Gourhan who suf- 
fered from Parkinson's dis- 
ease, displayed tremendous 
courage as his condition grad- 
ually worsened, continuing his 
work till the end. 

He leaves a widow, Arlette 
Leroi-Gourhan, who is 
France's foremost archaeolog- 
ical pollen analyst 


A correspondent writes: as they fled through his dis- 

Mr J. M. Shrinagesh. CIE. triers whose inhabitants 
who has died in New Delhi at sought revenge for their own 
the age of 81. was a former losses on the other side of the 
Indian Civil Servant who after border. *. 

independence played a nota- 
ble role in Indian public life as 
an administrator and industri- 

Jayavani Mallanah 
Shrinagesh was bom on Janu- 

!n 1951 when the hereditary 
Rana prime ministers of Ne- 
pal, who had kept their mon- 
arch as a mere puppet for 100 
years, were overthrown, he 
was sent to advise the restored 

• inne .l. j r ivwix uivinwreu 

sician to the Nizam of Hyder- 
abad. His father sent him and 
his elder brother to England 
where he was educatra ax 
West Buck! and SchooL and 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 

He entered the Indian Civil 
service in 1928. and after 
various posts in the Punjab 
was in 1 940 appointed Deputy 
Secretary at the Department 
of Industry and Supplies in tbe 
Government of India. He was 
later Joint Secretary responsi- 
ble for munitions production, 
ordnance factories and ship- 

On independence in 1947 
he was appointed Commis- 
sioner for J ull under on the 
border between India and 

Returning to India in 1952 
he was appointed managing 
director of Hindustan Aircraft 
Ltd. which was enraged m 
manu touring aircraft sudras 
the Vampire and the Gnat, 
besides designing a prototype 
supersonic fighter. He brought 
it into profitability by 1958. 

• From 1959 to I960 he was 
managing director of Indian 
Refineries and then took over 
the chairmanship of Hindus 
sun steel, bringing into pro- ‘ 
duction three large steel mills 
and eventually doubling their 

In childhood he and his 
brother. S. M. Shrinagesh. 
later to be a general and state 

Pakistan. Here, at consider- governor, were the originals of 
able personal danger to him- the two Indian boys m R. F. 

self he intervened to save the Dekferfield's. school story . To 
lives of many Muslim refugees Serve Them All My Days 


Ernest Shaw, the cartoonist His break came when he 

who always signed his was invited io take over The 

drawings Em Shaw, died on 
February 22 at the age of 95. 

Gay Goblins in Family Jour- 
nal. Shaw ran this senes for. 

His most popular strip car- more than ten years. 

toon . was Mr and Mrs 
Dillwater, which ran in the 

Another long run was 
notched up by his children's 

AnSKm - 

from 1923 to 1948. 

Em Shaw was bom in 
HulLAt the age of 12 won a 
canoon competition in his 
local , newspaper. The Hull 
Times, and after a postal 
course with the Percy V. 
Bradshaw Press Art School, 
sold his first professional car- 
toon to the comic Puck in 


peared in Woman's Illustrated 
for 21 yean. 

ior years. 

From the 1940s Shaw con- 
centrated on the juvenile mar- 
ket, creating the Dingbats, a 
group of pixies who appeared 
in strips, annuals, and puzzle 
books. He also devised a 

1910. Later he worked on The numbcr . of board and card 
Hull Times, as a sports car- Sanies including Menuette, 

toonist and caricturisL 
Volunteering for service in 
the Royal Army Medical 
Corps in 1914, Shaw’s artistic 

and wrote a practical hand- 
book entitled How to ben 
Successful Cartoonist. 

In 1973 Shaw was rediscov- 

duties ranged from giving ered and appeared as a gues * 
lightning cartoon entertain- cartoonist on the television - . 

The Rev R G Smith. Vicar. Harold 
Hill. ST Georye. with Noak HUL 
diocese of chetmsfora. to be Vkir. 
Dmacad. same diocese. 

The Rev R M v Stapleton. Rector. 
Cftetnes and UDK? Cftatfom. diocese Of 
Oxford, to be also Priest -tn-chaiye. 
Laumer and Flaunden. same diocese. 

ments to the wounded, and 
sketching surgical operations 
for The Lancet. 

After the war Shaw, created 
Cyril the Sporty Scout for 
Sports Fun in 1922, and an 
unusual craw strip, lkeybod 
and Tin ribs for Champion, in 

game show. Quick on the 
Draw. He was made an Hon- 
orary Member of the Cartoon- 
ists Club of Great Britain, and 
in 1981 the Association bf 
Comics Enthusiasts presented 
him with the Ally Sloper 
Award as a tribute to Britanfs 
oldest working cartoonist 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev A C Ad rock. Vicar. Yarn! on. 
diocese or Oxford, retired on February 

The Rev W R Hartley, vicar. 61 John 
Uje Baptist. Atherton, diocese of 
Ma nrti ea ier . to retire on April 30. 
TT* Rev L V Henry, vicar. Lezayrt 
wlm Sutoy and den Auktyn. diocese 
of Sodor and Man. lo retire on April 


ss?« 38 B 

F Afford graduate who SSf 

Scottish Episcopa 

The Rev C W WN 
Bodey. to be Rector 

oral Church 
wheotky. Rector of 
etor of Holy Trinity. 

Dunoon lAiyytlt 

The Rev THE Pearson lo be Prleat- 
to-chaiye i non stipendiary > of St 
Andrew's Cathedral. Millport (Argynx 

Assess 5 ==rs sBrs 


Nottingham before being and JSSrSSSf f?* "S’ am ' 
called io the influential pulpft e 

of Queen's Road JSpfit 

Church, Coventry, where he So SSSSF wi,h °« 
ministered with neat “branding on the ume 

St Andrews 

ministered with great efiec- and c 

tiveness for 18 years until leadeS^ ** Frce Ghurch 
moving to the Free Church . . 

The following hon o rary degna will 
be awarded in July: 

□tin: Professor Carl H e m peL re- 
search profeasor In phlloeaotiy. Pitts- 
burgh University: Dr Jonathan Miller, 
director: Mr Dootdas Gram, manaolna 
director. Scottish Academic Press: 

Miss Susan Hampshire, actress. 

Die. Professor Donald Macaay. for- 
merly Granada research professor of 
conmunkanon at Keel? University: 
and Dr Charles Reece, deputy chair- 
man of IO. 

LLD: Earl of Perth, me m ber of Ihe 
university court. 

Federal Council. 

Hamper was primarily a 


■ H . o?* 81 ™* 1 Madeline Lewis 
,n She was an active 
partner in all his work. She 

pastor and preacher, and did survived him -5 

not lake easily to the work of a ™rn together with 

administration which was an the "° dau £ hDa ‘ s of 



RraBer: Dr Bruce WesOoy (cancer 
pomology I. 

Lecturers: Mr MF Reed (oral patho! 


Ludmila Vladimirovna Hpt s . 

Rudenko, who became the neamn^^ 1 “ llern ational ap- 
Cnir!^ II„; — V ______ P ea rance was m the J Oja 

Soviet Union’s first woman 1946t ** 6 

world chess champion when Greax USSR an <* 

ch»» lunn frilf» in io^n . °niain when shp wait 

electronic engineering), and Dr 
Goodrich (Uwi. 

she won the title in J950, has both when sh « woe 

died in Moscow at the age of na Bruce Sames asainsI Rowe “ 


Medical Re s earc h Council: £49.662 to 
Dr GT Keatey and Dr AW SkiXleo for 
studies on pdosebaceous units Isolated 
from normal and acnetc suMects. 
Science and Engineering Research 
Council: £92-695 and Rose Forgrove 
Lid: £82.980 M Dr MR Smith and Mr 
AA Forgarasy to study the dynamics 

and development of high m e ed 
wrapping machines. 

Cumbria. Sunderland. Norib 
Tyneside. North umber I and. South 
Tyneside. Newcastle and Durham 
local education authorities. £lB3.eOO 
lo Mr JJC McCabe for Technical and 
vocational Education inwauve. 

A Ukrainian, she divided Shewn* ric- 
her free time as a- student at title in IQwVS"??/?”?* 
the Odessa Institute of Na- SSL ix . **. - 

tionaJ Economy between chess another! 06 losing it to t. 
and swimming, winning local Bykova. Kusstan ' Elizaveta; 

and swimming, winning local 
titles in the latter sport. 

In 1925 she moved to 

Moscow and developed her and^worif^^" 11 *? 6 ¥ nateur - 
chess with the help of the newsnara?r- Moscow. 

leading players. 

newspaper Trud » aTec£ 
nomic journalist. 

VI-1 i * 

LX V^v... 

- ~’ V- 

T*. * v V. 






(Channel 4) opened 
‘ jy. with a long discourse from ft® 
.1 . ' si, ., ^ ;! ceHlraI c h a racte r, who Is? coa- 
V A-.d«Wg a gaMed tow of 
•« ."f JDaikey, south of. Dubfin. We 
:» :>!iharflegomfei>fitain.a«t 
: . those nf the sea, bnt not all ttu. 
j a riratmambtent local dafrfl ^i 
/^fisgnise the fact that this h a 
. • - . highly. theatrical prodac- 
‘ tkra.“Disgnise” might not be 
Ante the right verb under the 
V; '* circumstances, however, since 
. thestagmessofttteplay isoae 
^ ‘ of ifcs most import a nt and 
distinctive qualities. If an 
- ■ Englishman's home is his 
''"“castle, an Irish writer’s is a 
. castle in the air - and Hugh 
- -'.-'Leonard,* the writer on tins 
. j»« occasion, has brought to the 
. . :v <*. simple drama of a lost life all 
it.-, the lyricism and roomtic 
irony which has irradiated hh 
: 't< country's drama. 

Channel 4 is hardly the 
5 Abbey Theatre, of coarse, and 

- -r\’ ^ there is a sfi^it mcongr^y in 

having the pafeted sets and the 
• - no less painted language dfs- 
- u , played in what is essentially a 
naturalistic mediant. Bat even 
-.this disparity has its aitrac- 
dons: it makes A Life quite 
rspedfically.-and incontrovert- 
' '« ibly a play, with not even the 
faintest obeisance to documen- 
“ * tary realism or telerisnal 
trickery. The. prodaction was 
directed by Louis Lentin as if 

- ‘ ■ 1 jt were actually being staged in 
' ••• ;;‘fc theatre, was very 

octet, also, as if the perform- 
'A ers could see the pndksce as 
they gave everything they 
' ; could master to the BMif 

*■■ cadences of the dialogoe. 

The theme was described as 
?*• that of an elderly man “coming ; 
•••■ . ?• to terms with himself” — ! 


. : m 

- : Si . 

wi< ' -sr 

^ i'V ; K~l§ 

^Air-sis fjri 

Kurosawa’s bre athtaking sense of spectacle: armies 
marshallfiig, distant horizons, vast landscapes . - . 

Ran (15) 

Curzon West End 

Out of Africa (PG) 


Akira Kurosawa is a phenomenon 
without parallel in the cinema. A 
survivor from an earlier time — he 
made his first film in 1943 and was 
later to open up Japanese cinema to 
a world audience with Rnshomon — 
his creative force seems only in- 
creased, as wefi as ripened by age. 
Ran, completed at the age of 75, is 
the culmination of his work so fen 
epic, even Homeric in its tragic 
grandeur, it is tike nothing rise in 
film history, ft is easy fr believe 
Kurosawa’s assertion that the ma- 
jestic Kngemusha was itself only a 
rehearsal for this film, which he has 
planned far more than a decade 
while battling to finance iL (The 

*! to terms with teissrtP — wane Darning in nuance n. tine 
' • which in practice meant Oat hwfeet of Sll-Snu, though modest 
-most of the attention devolved by Hollywood criteria, made this 
RMmPiaiSiiomMnKRirtMi the most costly film ever produced 

\m Sin; 
e rekl; : 

upon Paid Regers as Desmond the most costly film ever produced 
r-Dnnnm, a retired keeper of “ Japan- It was eventually made 
records who discovers that he possibleby thePoKsh-bom.Frendi- 
vhas only a few months to live, based proctacer tage SObennan, 
"Mr Rogers is a fine actor and. whose previous gins to the cinema 
^ despite The tendency of his include the last five masterpieces of 
'Irish vowels at slide into ‘ 

1. English ones, he was convinc- -^ stands m^e same return to 
Ilfigta* as a rigorous, and pngl^r 5? Throne , °L Bloo j to 

* somewhat prickly, party who ^^JorKurprawa'sadapalions 
looks hack over his life with of The Idux and The lower Depths 
anguish rather than rerigna- to Dcstwrvsky and Goitof. Jie has 

: Son. The pathos mingled east- described the way m which, after 
■« fy' frith thehumomTan Irish lon & of original texts, he 
^writer can work miracles with metamotphoses them, rocrratmg 

* that combination,' as A Vfe them in the tight of his own tones, 

: amply demonstrated. hisown creative personality and his. 

_ ■ . . _ own national, cultural and mston- 

PeterACKTOyd cal experience. 

• Anita Brookner’s hotel du discovered m W parailds : 

Lac mm the Booker^ria* in wdh the history of 16tb-GCHtury 
1984;' not 1985 as' starfcd in Jajmh, torn by fierce civil wars, and 

* Monday’s television review. inthe devastation and human waste 

that combination,' as 4 Life 
amply denumstrated. 

Peter Ackroyd 

• Anita Brookner’s Hold du 
Lac mm the Bodker^Prms in 
1984;* not 1985 as" Hated - in 
Monday’s television review. 

of the conflicts a reflection of our 
own. times. The title signifies 
“chaos”. The whirlwind that the 
tragic hero reaps as the harvest of 
former cruelty and folly destroys all 
those about him. 

There is a major change from 
Lear, in Japanese history, the idea 
of daughters inheriting authority 
would be absurd, and it is to his 
three sons that the Great Lord 
Hidetora, after a life of conflict and 
conquest, seeks to abdicate his 
realm. When the youngest son 
questions the lord’s wisdom be is 
banished along with a faithful 
warlord, Tanga. 

The eldest son becomes bead of 
the dan, and is succeeded by the 
second when be is treacherously 
lolled. They are weak men; the 
systematic humilation of their fa- 
ther, driving him to madness, is 
. inspired by the demonic Lady 
Kaede, who passes, along with the 
realm, from one son to the other. 
The captive bride of Hidetora's 
eldest son, Kaede is determined to 
avenge the annihilation of her dan 
by the old lord. She is further driven 
by an obsession to destroy tbe Lady 
Sue, captive bride of the middle son 
and the embodiment of forgiveness 
and goodness, as Kaede is of evil 

In his period films, Kurosawa’s 
own profound observation of char- 
acter is enriched and heightened by 
his feeling for the forms and 
traditions of the Noh theatre. At one 
level, Hidetora’s passage into mad- 
ness is depicted with psychological 
■ Tealism; at another the demon mask 
of the Great Lord in his atony 
changes to the ghost mask of the 
tormented old madman. Tbe lord’s 
fool is an incomparable invention — 
a dancing, singing, tearful sprite, 
who becomes the symbol of the ' 
suffering, frailty and fidelity of petty 
mortals. All his speeches and fool’s 

wisdom are drawn from old ba H a d s. 
“Man conies into tbe world crying”, 
he whimpers, “and when he has 
cried enough, be dies.” The auda- 
cious casting of “Peter” (Shinosuke 
Idebata), a well-known transvestite 
pop singer, in the role is richly 
vindicated by this haunting perfor- 

The characters inhabit a truly 
tragic universe. The lowering stone 
castles rear up on barbaric planes or 
the dark foothills of Mount Fuji 
Arinies marshal on the distant 
horizons of vast landscapes, and 
their pennants, whipped by tbe 
wind, become eerie, coloured for- 
ests. Since his very first film, the 
elements themselves — the rolling 
thunder, tempest and awesome 
skies — have seemed to be at 
Kurosawa's bidding: the storm that 
attends Hidetora's madness turns 
the meadow grass into a turbulent 

Ran takes film spectacle to new 
heights. Kurosawa continues not 
only to extend his own powers but 
to exploit new technical advances. 
In two decades since his last black- * 
and-white costume pictures, the 
definition of the screen image has 
been enhanced, and Kurosawa 
makes full use of the new possibility 
to place minute, but still totally 
discernible, human figures in his 
overwhelming landscapes. The 
spectacle is literally breathtaking, 
-reaching its peak perhaps in the 
sequence of the sacking and burning 
of the Thin! Castle. As Hidetora, at 
the onset of marines, wanders 
among the flam es and the dead, and 
the natural sounds give place to 
Toni Takemitsu's remarkable mu- 
sic, it is a vision of Doomsday. Yet 
tbe film can pass in a moment from 
tte bloody panoramas of battle to 
the crushing of a moth by Lady 

Shakespearian tragedy character- 
istically ends with a sense of 
resolution and atonement Kuro- 
sawa observes mankin d in a differ- 
ent age. The fool upbraids the gods: 
“Are you so bored up there that you 
must crush us like ants? Is it such 
fun to see men weep?” Tango 
rebukes him: “It is the gods who 
weep. They see us killing each other. 
Over and over since time began. 
They cannot save us from 
ourselves.” The final shot of the 
film is of a lost, blind boy groping at 
the edge of a precipice. “It is not 
pessimism”, said Kurosawa in an 
Arena interview transmitted earlier 
this week. “Pessimism is the refusal 
to face up to reality ." 

At a time of faltering faith in the 
cinema, as in so much else, this 
venerable giant has revealed new 
possibilities in the art, renewing the 
forms of classical tragedy with 
startling relevance for our times and 
condition. Ran is a landmark in 
cinema history. 

It is a tribute to Sydney Pollack’s 
Out of Africa that it is not 
overshadowed by Kurosawa’s mas- 
terpiece. This is, in its own way, 
another intelligent exercise in adap- 
tation. Karen Blixen's book has 
challenged Hollywood ever since 
the rediscovery of her writings in 
the Fifties; but, not surprisingly, the 
singular, precise and specifically 
literary qualities of her genius have 
eluded adapters. 

Pollack and his writer Kurt 
Luedtke (who first collaborated on 
Absence of Malice) use occasional 
passages of commentary in Karen 
Blixen’s words, but for the most part 
sensibly approach the story of her 
African years from the exterior, 
supplementing her own sometimes 
partial record with the evidence of 
her letters and Judith Thurman's 

Whai they have principally taken 
from the life of this remarkable 
woman is the story of her passion 
for Denys Finch-Hation, after the 
collapse of her marriage to the 
amiable ne'er-do-well Baron Bror 
Blixen. who brought her not only 
financial chaos but also syphilis. 
The script describes the romantic 
involvement of intelligent and adult 
people (rare enough in films). Tbe 
tragic incompatibility is Blixen’s 
longing for possession, Fincb- 
Hation’s need for freedom. The 
setting is a British colonial Africa in 
a period of dramatic change, be- 
tween 1914 and 1931, tbe pre-war 
and postwar eras. 

Blixen characterized the life and 
people around her with an exact and 
concentrated prose style. Pollack 
seeks a visual equivalent in a 
meticulous though never over-em- 
phasized care for period detail, 
including the jewellery and music of 
the Kikuyu as well as the costumes 
and artefacts of the European 
community. He does not however 
permit himself to be enslaved by 
fidelity to the text — to the extent of 
making Finch-Hation, who was a 
big, bald, English aristocrat, into an 
American and Robert Red ford. 

The derision is justified Nation- 
ality is less significant than that 
Red ford is romantic, mysterious, 
uncageable; and he potently com- 
plements Meryl Streep’s Blixen. 
Streep is a remarkable figure, some- 
times irritating with her fidgety 
mannerisms, compelling irrelevant 
admiration with the diligence of her 
Danish accent, but then rising 
impressively to big, challenging 
scenes like her recitation at Fincb- 
Haiton's grave. Klaus-Maria 
Brandauer is wickedly clever in 
sustaining Bror’s reprobate ebarm. 

David Robinson 


Salonen - 

Elizabeth Hall/ 
Radio 3 

Tristan MuraiTsXes Courants prospect if one ignores the 
de Vespace. The novelty of acts that it was part of the 
hearing that grandfather of Portugal 600 celebrations and 

electronic instruments, . the that it was conducted by the 
ondesxnartendt (played by the always remarkable Jeffrey 


Bestial grossness 

composer), itself distorted and 
transformed by ring modula- 
tion, could not compensate for 

: Robert Sa«on', 

- Light, given sr virtuose fost jj on on ^ wefl-wom theme 
; performance by the London of and electronic 

Sinfometta under Esa-Peklra instmments reacting to, and 
, Salonen s direction, sustained against each other, 
an aural excitement from first ^M^rail' s affinity with 
note to last Its title, like jjgssjaen was demonstrated 
Saxton s eariier The Ring of ^ programming of the 
Eternity, refers ^to visionary ^ tta , s florid catalogue of 

P 0 ^ r Jt Japanese ornithology. Sept 

heavenly light m Dante s Di- with Paul CrossJey 

ad Tate. 

!*■ Yet on the sole evidence of 
® r Pires’s performance of 
t&- Schumann’s Piano Concerto, 
R® her first concerto engagement, 
u® incidentally, in London, I find 
“d it impossible to nail ray 
col oars to the mast and de- 
th clare her a rare and great artist. 
“ Not that there was anything 
h®. about her playing to suggest 
or that she might not be. She 
3* propelled (he music onward 

* vine Comedy — but the d otm- mr f5fam ting in tire piano ca- 
■ nant impression is o! sem- And, to complement 

'-lillaiing physical energy. ... Saxton’s metaphysical lean- 

The Rise and Fall 
of the Gty of 
Theatre Royal, 

Speaking before Wednesday 
night’s opening performance 
of his Scottish Opera produc- 
tion, David Alden threatened 
that be would be finding 

whhjnstthe righ.touchof mSZ 

impetuosity in tbe outer 
movements while the Inter- 
mezzo was beautifully poised 

58X1011 s mezzo was beautifully poised 

' ■ S525S mgs, the BBC Singers isave crowned by a breathtak- 

m bold two- or impassioned voice to Dalla- mg p ianissim o at its end. But 

counterpoint or ^ wtinam, pick's Canti di pngionia. for all its ingenuity the piece is 
arabesque- like solos -set accompaniment — for hardly Schumann at his deep- 

nine pnemaom^lwo tog- ^ or most amply 

gonrty between tire Germany 
of 1930 and the Britain ana 
America of 1986. But, for 
better or worse, this is not 
what happened. What he pro- 

become a bit tiresome, and 
there are wholly gratuitous 
unpleasantnesses, tike the 
slow transit across tire stage, 
during the Benares Song, of a 
nearly naked girl streaming 
with gore and bearing a cube 
of fake concrete about her left 

The trouble with such ca- 
prices i$ not just that they are 
offensive but that they give a 
spurious reason for the work’s 
being so caustic. Brecht and 
Weill were not attacking glut- 
tony, poor surgical practice or 
unconventional dress. They 
were writing about us, not 
about a bunch of loonies, 
wrirdoesand psychopaths. Mr 

, r -*■; : 

■ ' • -..Vi-" 

'• $ US': 'v -.'i 

-- ■.against- furious background 
- activity, continually seem to 
[ rise in pitch and increase in 
. .‘rhythmic velocity. Yet be- 
. cause Saxton shapes his ideas 
in short bursts, realign in g 
orchestral emphases, this 
winding-up process is _ spun 
over 20 invigorating minutes 
(including a comparatively 
tranquil middle section) be- 
' ..'fore a masterly recapitulation 
■ ' r telescopes and intensifies to a 
- X climactic conclusion. 

* There is room in th e work 
’•/for dancing chordal passages, 

* sophisticated in metre but 
.^simple in appeal, and also for 

/ '' small miracles of translucent 
scoring: bass pizzicato notes, 
for insta"** 1 !, frequently cut 
through the complex inter- 
■ twining above them. 

• This was a generously en- 
Sowed “Music of Eight 
Decades” concert, also con- 

ists and two pianists — is tire 
only good reason for the 
neglect of these sonorous cho- 
ral elegies. 

Richard Morrison 


Tojudge by tire number of her 
colleagues who turned up, 
Maria Joao Pines, now busy 
f yf a hjidriqg her career for the 
se cond time after a break 
n.iwti by ill health, must be 
very much a pianist’s pianist. 
Quite a few critics were there 
too, which an optimist would 
say is a sign that she is more 
generally a musician’s musi- 
cian. for the concert was 

est or most poetic. Put simply. 
Pines seemed barely tested by 

The accompaniment engi- 
neered by Tate was, as always, 
meticulous, and there were 
even occasions when he 
seemed wilfully to use the 
hall’s acoustic to bring out the 
colours in Schumann’s orches- 
tration that one often misses. 

Clear textures and polish 

vides is rather a pantomime of Akten’s production, far from 
degradation. Where there is holding a mirror of criticism 

sexuality in the work it is done 
at the level of a 50p strip club. 
Where there is decadence it is 
ballooned into grotesqueness 
(one thinks of Felicity Pal- 
mer’s long-suffering Widow 
Begbick in the second act, in 
hair-net and vast fluorescent 
citrous robe). AH is gross (not 
Grosz), bestial and crazy. 

As m the ENO Mazeppa, 
Aklen is assisted by his deagn- 

were also the hallmarks of er David Fielding in creating a 
Mendelssohn’s overture The process on of bizarre and nas- 
Hebrides, although it was no ty images through a bald white 
staid reading either. likewise box of a set, at once operating 
Haydn’s “DrumrolT Sym- theatre, execution chamber, 
phony was fresh and vigorous; interrogation room and bur- 
one cannot assume that a rare chert shop. A tot of the 
degree of affinity with Mozart images are quite f un. I liked 
necessarily implies an equal the male quartet arriving in 
affinity with Haydn, but in gmen woolly behnets and 
Tate’s r ‘ jW * the anal ogy firmly rucksacks, two ot them riding 
holds true. themselves about on roBer- 

to its audience, treats them to 
a debased pageantry of which 
they can fairly hold them- 
selves innocent And that is 
not what Brecht meant by 
alienation. One might be more 
interested to see Mahagonny 
performed in a maimer of high 
luxury, sophistication and ele- 
gance: that way it might hit 
home a little more severely. 

What the Scottish Opera 
production does get right. 

"K:.: ‘ ' : ~ ■ : : :• r-v. :: : :: ; v- . •' 

v- - - ■ ' . V • - •. ■ * 1 }■ : . ,• •" : - ■ • , . -v : , 

/'h v V ' '7>, - . • 

^ : /Ml' ^ ' 

Bullish heroism, animal clarity, amoral glee: Richard 
Cassilly ami Kate Flowers as Jimmy and Jenny 

tween style and substance 
most convincingly, singing 
with rich tone while she 
rollicks in the mire. She also 
does a marvellous comic turn 

however, is the presenting of before the opera in demon- 
the work as a real opera for strati ng a more literal form of 
real ringers and a real orches- culinary art. 

white shoes, and Jef van 
Wersch is a lively and likeable 
Alaska Wolf Joe. 

The loss of Simon Rattle as 
conductor must have been a 
disappointment, {>ut all re- 

tra. Richard Cassilly, recently 

interrogation room and but- Jimmy at the Met, is of course 

strating a more literal form of gpets vanish, so resplendent, 
culinary art. rhythmically acute and clearly 

Among the rest, there is a focused is the orchestral olav- 

XX y M Stephen Pettitt 


dmr’s shop. A tot of the 
images are quite fan. I liked 
-the male quartet arriving in 
green woolly behnets and 
rucksacks, two of them skiing 
themselves about on roller- 
skates, and the impassively 
lascivious nurses who keep 
dropping to the floor. But the 
repertory of slaughter does 

a bullish hero, singing with 

strong, smiling Billy from 
Omar Ebrahim, ever and ca- 

great force and conviction if sually the survivor, and a 
not always quite on the note, delightfully unsullied Jacob 
Kate Flowers keeps Jenny well from Nigel Douglas, who also 
away from the smoky air of delivers the narrative links. 
Lotte Lenya: she is more a some of them from the sack 
Lulu, an animal of clarity and, into which his corpse has been 
in the final act, unnerving shoved. Alexander Oliver cuts 
amoral glee. Miss Palmer’s a wonderfully malignant fig- 
Begbick opens the gap be- ure as Fatly, in dark suit and 

focused is the orchestral play- 
ing under Sian Edwards. This 
is where the splendour and 
misery of Mahagonny are to 
be found. 




When We Are 



I do not know which of 
J.B.Priestley*s achievements 
earned him the name of Jolly 
Jack. I like to think it was this 
merry romp, set in some 
never-never West Riding 
town at the turn of the 
century, with its sturdy plot as 
timeless as any folk-tale. 

Like many a folk-tale — and 
many of Priestley’s other plays 
— much of the action takes 
place in a son of dream-time, 
hal f in and half out of the 
reliable world where clocks 
move at the proper speed, 
servants do as they are told 
and silver weddings obedient- 
ly mark 25 years of married 
life. What jerks his three 
married couples out of their 
prosaic routine is the revela- 
tion that the vicar who pro- 
nounced them men and wives 
a quarter of a century ago 
lacked the qualifications to do 
so. Cut loose from their 
marital bonds, the worms 
begin to turn. 

Priestley gives us two 
worms. Henpecked Brian 
Murphy plucks up the nerve 
to peck the banleaxe Elizabeth 

Patricia Root ledge, at a loss 
for refined words 

Spriggs, and a seemingly 
crushed Prunella Scales 
proves more than a match for 
the hitherto masterful Timo- 
thy West These reversals are 
enjoyable to watch, though the 
changes of heart come almost 
as abruptly as in that stage 
direction of a forgotten Vic- 
torian drama, “Miser leans 
against the wall and becomes 

Not that the picture is 
totally rosy. Three of the 
marriages may rock back on to 
the rails but a fourth one, 
briefly seen, hints at a darker 
option. Love may blossom on 
a choir-outing to Barnard 
Castle but it can wither on 
Blackpool Pier. 

In the main, however, this is 
a jolly and carefree comedy. It 
gives its starry cast a seeming- 
ly inexhaustible store of blunt, 
Yorkshire put-downs, as well 
as the opportunity to show 
bafflement, dismay and good 
West Riding panic. We have 
Patricia Routledge at a loss for 
refined words, James Grout in 
a waistcoat as bold as a brick 
wall and Patricia Hayes, play- 
ing the eavesdropping cook, 
returning to a comedy she first 
appeared in 48 years ago, 
when she was the 1 5-year-old 
housemaid — here played with 
fetching ingenuousness by Sue 

In Richard Eyre’s produc- 
tion the performances root 
themselves in observed reali- 
ty. Bill Fraser's tipsy photog- 
rapher pauses to let out an 
alcoholic breath before setting 
a match to his cigar. The 
setting of Edwardian sitting- 
room, glowing with stained 
glass and polished brassware. 
has been lovingly created by 
Terry Parsons. And, not to be 
outdone, the refurbished 
Whitehall Theatre is tricked 
out with pink rosebuds and 
jazzy panels, .like a cross 
between an ocean liner and a 
superior box of chocs. 

We regn 




from the more hnportant ww'dng . ^ 

being an enctem art fomt which were . 

anSepatriSnn to fo® «■ *** S* 

Due to these unfores&^i betogh^ln transit in Her M^est^s Bonded 

I> ^^5^ ( ^CardswlthU£L 

La vera costanza 
Jeannetta Cochrane 

Stendhal, dismissing Haydn’s 
Eszterh&za opera La vera 
costanza as the least satisfac- 
tory thing he had ever written, 
found the composer’s music 
sadly lacking in what he called 
“sensibility 1 . And without 
drat, he said, “Farewell to 
song, farewell to love, farewell 
to opera!”. The Royal College 
of Music, on Wednesday and 
ag ain tonight and tomorrow, 
are busily trying to prove him 
wrong on all three counts, and 
are suceeding pretty wefl. 

The true constancy of the 
title is tested, vindicated, test- 
ed and tried again quite as 
much as any heroine or, 
indeed, any audience can en- 
dure. And Haydn’s music, 
white acting as delirious balm 
and restorative, succeeds per- 

fectly iu undercutting almost 
any emotion it comes up 
against: chuckling good- 
naturedly while die words 
weep, frolicking in little bro- 
ken phrases while a pistol is 
being held to a head. Haydn 
cat his frock-coat strictly ac- 
cording to his courtly cloth: 
nothing that could hope to 
compete with Mozart and 

cation to Orpheus, then Mar- 
garet Cameron and Blair 
Wilson rise to the occasion 
admirably. Cameron's mallea- 
ble recitative is, indeed, one of 
the joys of the evening, as is 
Gerald Finley’s rumbus- 
tuously foppish ViDotto. 

Considerable demands are 
made, though, on stylistic 
nuances of both voice and 

Paul Griffiths | Jeremy Kingston 


FROM LUCAS OR SPIELBERG* people magazine 

Prague, everything strictly for gesture. in Kay Lawrence’s 
“our personal circle” . - broadly comic production. 

It is in many ways just the edges were left more than a 
thing for the small, wefl- little rough, then the rich 
w ishing audiences and light delights of the orchestral play- 
young voices of a college ing under the nimbly-phrased 
production. As action and conducting of Roger Nor- 
emotional temperatures spin rington, and the glowing, taw- 
diadly, neither makes too ny-brown and turquoise re- 
arduous a demand on sus- cessed sets of Janey Gardiner 
tained vocal or dramatic char- and Donatella Barbieri, both 
acterization. And where the contributed to a sense of new- 
music does pause for a mo- found assurance and prefer- 
ment and try hard not to sionalism. 
smile, as in Rosina’s arias of u;i 4rv vtwu*tk 

farewell and the Count’s in vo- xlliary t IHCB 

A film bv 



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In February rising interest rates meant 
that we had to revise this scheme. 

However; the new rate of finance was a 
low 5.9% p.a. (11.4% APR) over three years, 
or 4.9% p.a. (9.5% APR) over two years, and 
it proved extremely popular 

So much so that we’re now extending 
it to cover any Capri or Sierra registered 
between March 1st and March 31st, 1986. 

Don’t forget that the examples we give in 
the table are based on the maximum retail price 
of the car. 

If you talk to your Ford dealer you could get 
an even better deal and still use the attractive 
interest rates quoted above 

The above finance plan is subject to credit approval and applies to Sierra and 
Capri vehicles registered between March 1st and March 31st in England, Scotland and 
Wales and which are subject to Conditional Sale Agreements arranged by participating 
Ford dealers and underwritten by Ford Motor Credit Company Ltd_ Regent House 
1 Hubert Road, Brentwood, Essex CM14 4QL. Applicants must be over IS years of age and 
credit worthy. Please note: various factory fitted options are available for eligible vehicles at 
extra cost Figures are correct at time of going to press. 

Just take a look at these typical examples of Ford Credit Finance deals. 





2.0 LASER 




Cash Price* 



Initial Payment (minimum 20%) 



Amount of Credit 



36 Monthly Instalments of 



Charge for Credit 



Total Credit Price 



"Maximum retail price as at March 1st 1986 
excluding delivery number plates and road fund licence. 




•-,**- >-*. 

- ' si*. ' > 






Sale near 

A decision on the sale of 
Cadbury s food and bev 
division, which has such 
known brands as Typhoo, 
Kenco Coffee, Chrvers and 
Hartleys jams and Cadbury 
chocolate biscuits, will be 
made this month. . 

The intention to sell was 
announced in January 
when it was estimated that a 
figure of £82.5 million would 
be realized in a management 

This figure was described as 
being “not wildly our at 
yesterday’s meeting announc- 
ing the .1985 pretax profit of 
£93.3 million, down nearly 25 
per cent on last year. The 
division’s after tax profits m 
1984 were £6 million. But it 
has made more in the past and 
it is likely that a purchaser 
could be found who would pay. 
up to acquire the brand 

.The management stresses 
that although there have been 
"expressions of interest”, no 
other bids have been received. 
However one company which 
may be interested is Ranks 
Hovis McDougall, which 
strongly recovered over the 

bank league 
after 37% rise in profits 

n.. n:_i inn n «_■ n » . 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

Barclays Bank yesterday an- year overseas our perfor- 
nounced that profits last year reance was somewhat patchy 
37 per cent,' bui I believe ihe majority of 

givmg it the best results of the 
big four. 

: The figures — which are the 
last of the clearing bank 
reporting season — .were 
achieved with the help of an 
unusually strong performance 
m British banking operations 
where profits rose by 70 per 

The bank easily met City 
expectations with .-a pretax 
profit of £854 million, up £231 
million from the 1984 result of 
£623 million. This takes it 
back to the top .of the profits 
league after it was displaced by 
National Westminster last’ 

Barclays's - after-tax profit 

leajrtby more than 50 per cent 



iree years. 

Tempos, page 19 

TI success 

TI Group, the Raleigh cy-. 
cles and steel tube manufac- 
turer. lifted profits from £19.0 
million to £30.6 million before 
tax in the year to December 
1985. Turnover was. up . from 
£971 million to £997 million 
and the final dividend has 
been increased from 5p to 8p. 

Tempos, page 19 

to £449 million because of a 
lower tax charge than in ihe 
previous year. The final divi- 
dend; however, is slightly less 
than expected, up 14 per cent 
loM8.6p; . 

Sir Timothy Bevan, the 
chairman, said: “In the UK all 
our operations had a good 

our international business is 
coming right". 

He attacked what he called 
the bankrupt policy of institu- 
tionalized racial discrimina- 
tion in South Africa and said 
that -Barclays would lend no 
new money to the country nor 
reschedule any debts until 
South Africa; showed that it 
could meet its business obliga- 

Barclays, which has been 
heavily criticized for its in- 
volvement in South Africa, 
has ' lent ■ more than £800 
million there, mainly to 
Barclays National which 
made a reduced contribution 
to profits Iasi year. Repay- 
ments on the loans were 
frozen by the standstill on 
foreign debt ' imposed by the 
South African Government 
last year. 

Hie bank said that interna- 
tional profits would have been 
£41 million but for accounting 
changes made because of al- 
tered circumstances in various 

Sir Timothy Bevan: bad debt 
provision will stay high 
countries. International prof- 
its overall were down, includ- 
ing a fell off] 1 million to £34 
million from the United States 
where heavy provisions 
against bad debts in the eneigy 
sector were made. 

The strongest performance 
came from the bank's United 
Kingdom operations which 

Barclays said that all areas 
of the British business had 
moved ahead satisfactorily 
with Barclaycard and treasury 
operations among the best 

The British operations of 
Barclays Bank pic contributed 
£92 million to the total, with 
the rest coming from Mercan- 
tile Credit Group, merchant 
banking and other British 

Sir Timothy said that al- 
though provisions against bad 
debt in the United Kingdom 
were 10 per cent lower last 
year, they would remain rela- 
tively high while recession 
continued to hit small busi- 
nesses. He added ihat 85 per 
cent of the specific provisions 
made related to loans of less 
than £250.000 and 41 percent 
were on loans of less than 

The bank ended the year 
with a stronger capital base. 
Its free capital ratio rose from 
5.2 to 7 per cent, before 

turned in pretax profits of ' increasing to 7.9 per cent after 
£762 million compared with £750 million of primary capi- 
£507 million the year before, tal was raised in January. 

Case goes 

Rise for JM 

By Jeremy Warner r 
Business Correspondent 

Johnson Matthey,. the 
platinium refiner, lifted prof-, 
its from £12.8 million to £17.8 
million in the nine months to 
December. Turnover was 
down from £1.12 billion to 
£1 .02 billion. Tempos, page 19 

Abbott higher 

Abbott Mead Vickers, the 
advertising agents, lifted its 
full-year profits to £2.25 mil- 
lion against its forecast of £2.1 
million. Billings went up from 
£34 million to over £50 mil- 
lion. making it the Uth largest 
agency in the' United King- 

Rank review 

A High Court judge yester- 
day dismissed an attempt by 
Argyll Croup to block 
Guinness's rival £2.4 billion 
takeover bid for Distillers/ 
Argyll had asked for an 
order declaring illegal a deci- 
sion by the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission to lay 
aside its inquiry into the 
Guinness bid. 

Mr Justice Macphersou said 
that had the Argyll case -suc- 
ceeded h would have put 
Guinness’s bid. which has the 
backing of the Distillers direc- 
tors, . into "temporary cold 
storage’Ygiving Argyll a dear 

Argyll lawyers said after- 
wards that they would appeal 

There was speculation last 
night that the result of 
Monday's judicial review of 
the Independent Broadcasting 
Authority's refusal of the 
Rank Organisation's bid for 
Granada will be known that 

Distillers has agreed to pay 
; friend- 

Meggitt rights 

Meggitt Holdings' tights is- 
sue was accepted . J 

for 11.62 
million new shares, 97.44 per 
cent of those on offer. The 
305, ! 1 7 shares hot taken up 
have been sold in the market 

NZI offer 

NZI Corporation has ex- 
tended the dosing date for 
acceptances of its offer to 
purchase shares' in Marac 
Holdings until April 4. Accep- 
tances have been received for 
more than 99 per cent 

the costs Of Guinness’s 
ly meiger - proposal. ' These, 
already running at nearly £40 
million, rise considerably ev- 
ery time there is a new bid 
with; a .consequent loss to 
Argyll. .. ' 

Argyll bad accused * the 
chairman of the Monopolies 
Commission. Sir Godfrey Le 
Quesne, QC, arid the junior 
Trade Minister, Mr Geoffrey 
Pattie. of acting unlawfully in 
“laying aside” the reference of 
the Guinness bid to the Com- 

The bid was referred to the 
Commission on February 13 
by Mr Pattie, who was han- 
dling the affair because the 
Trade Secretary. Mr Paul 
Channon. has family connec- 
tions . with Guinness. The 
j judge said the derision to lay 
aside the reference - halting 
the Commission investigation 

Meyer sales 

International . has 

of the bid before it had begun 

3 -m on th money 

'Apr 'May' Jim' Jui 'Aug'sap'oct'NovW Jan'FebMar' 

German rate cut fuels 
hope of more to come 

frees gas 

By our Economics Correspondent 

The West German 
Bundesbank annormced the 
expected cot in its discount 
rate- yesterday, prompting 
hopes of a round of interna- 
tional interest rate reductions. 
Mortey market rates in Lon- 
don fell by Hpio a quarter of a 

The Bundesbank Council 
announced a reduction in the 
discount rate from 4 to 3.5 per 
cent , but left its Lombard rate 
unchanged. Soon afterwards, 
the bank rate in the Nether- 
lands was reduced from 5 to 
45 per cent' and the Bank of 
France cut the money market 
intervention rate from 85 to 
8.25 per cent 

‘There are strong market 
suggestions. that the policy- 
making committee of die Bank 
or Japan will convene a special 
meeting today and announce a 
cot in the disco out rate, cur- 
rently 45 per cent, to take 
effect from Monday. 

This could pave the way for 
the long-awaited lowering of 
the Federal Reserve Board's 
discount rate in the l/S, which 
has been held at 7-5 per cent 
since May last year. Some 
Wall Street economists were 
suggesting yesterday 'that the 
board may act after the close 
of New York business last 
night but most expected the 
authorities to wait forat least a 
Japanese move. 

The easiog of pressure on 
the pound and yesterday's 
interest rate cut by Gennany 
has revived hopes of lower 
interest rates in Britain. The 
three-month interbank rate 
dropped to 12 , it>- 12 , ib per cent 
yesterday and dealers believe 
the Chancellor is back on 
course for a base rate reduc- 
tion in Budget week. The 
Budget will be brought down 
on March 18. 

Current account surplus* 
page 19 


sold its minority investments 
in Delta Berhad’and Delia Far 
East for £4.4 million and its 
interests in freehold property 
ai Milfwail Docks few £3.6 

Dairies deal 

Cliffords Dairies is to ac- 
quire Morion Foods for £1.95 
million through the issue of 
unsecured floating rate loan 
notes 1987/1990 at par. Mor- 
ion supplies coatings and in- 
gredient mixes to the frozen 
food and bakery trades. 

Jardine issue 

Jardine Securities plans a 
one-for-five rights issue to 
help finance the proposed 
purchase of 52 million shares 
in Jardine Matheson Holdings 
from Hongkong Land for 
about SHK580 million (£50.8 

j.— was taken by Sir Godfrey 
after talks with Distillers and 

They had assured him that 
the bid was abandoned al- 
though they had “frankly and 
honestly” told him that they 
intended to make a higher bid 
if the reference was dropped. 

Argyll had alleged that the 
new bid was merely a revised 
version of the old one. But the 
judge said it was “so different 
in all important mailers that it 
left the old bid behind like a 
discarded skin.” 

Sir Godfrey's decsion to act 
alone had been “eminently 
sensible and speedy” . . 

Argyll was ordered to pay 
the legal costs of Guinness, 
Distillers, the Commission 
and the Department of Trade 

Hanson profit growth 
attacked by Imperial 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 
Hanson Trust is showing an make the capital investment 

ng . rate 

growth of only 2 per cent, its 
bid target the Imperial tobac- 
co ana : drinks group said 

The claim was made in a 
circular urging shareholders to 
reject Hanson's £2.4 billion 
oner and instead accept an 
alternative bid. also worth 
more than £2 billion, from 
United Biscuits. 

The circular says that Han- 
son would be forced to break 
up Imperial and sell off its 
businesses to reduce debt if its 
bid is successful and that 
Hanson would be unlikely to 

which Imperial's branded con- 
sumer products need for long- 
term success. 

Mr Martin Taylor, a Han- 
son director, said Imperial's 
figures on both Hanson's prof- 
its and probable debt were 
wrong and that a company 
which had lost a third of its 
British market share in tobac- 
co in the last five to 10 years 
could not claim to know much 
about how to support branded 

Hanson, on the other hand, 
had captured 2 1 per cent of the 
long-life battery market from 
nothing in the last two years 
with an Ever Ready product 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

The Secretary of State for 
Energy. Mr Peter Walker, has 
announced a fundamental 
change in Government policy 
which will allow oil compa- 
nies operating in the North 
Sea to sell natural gas into the 
European pipeline network. 

Exports from gas fields in 
the .British sector of the North 
Sea are not banned at present 
but the gas has to be landed in 
the United Kingdom before 

In effect this has meant that 
the oil companies have been 
barred from exporting gas 
from the North Sea oil fields 
and have been forced to either 
sell it to British Gas - which 
has a reputation for hard 
bargaining on prices per therm 

— or to delay development of 
the fields in the hope that 
world prices rise. 

The Department of Energy 
will now consider issuing an 
individual waiver to oil com- 
panies. allowing them to ex- 
port natural gas into the 
European pipeline system. 

However, the concession to 
the oil companies, which has 
been given because British 
Gas is being privatized this 
autumn, may do little to free 
the British Gas stanglehold on 
current gas supply contracts 
from the North Sea. 

At present prices per therm, 
the cost of laying pipelines 
into the European network 
from the British sector of the 
North Sea which produces gas 

— the area close to Lincoln- 
shire and Norfolk where the 
North Sea is at its widest — is 

King presses 
for BA sale 

Lord King, chairman of 
British Airways, yesterday 
urged ihe Government to 
avoid further delay in the 
airline's privatization. 

The plea came as talks 
continued in the City and 
Whitehall over whether to 
adhere to the commitment to 
float the company in July or 
postpone it again because of 
continuing litigation over the 
Laker Airways collapse. 

Lord King told Conserva- 
tive MPs that the British 
Airways flotation could be one 
of the most significant sales in 
the privatization programme 

Fears of financial services tax 

By David Smith, Economics Corespondent 

New chairman 

Mr Philip Jones, chairman 
of the Electricity Council 
has succeeded Sir Robert 
Haslam as chairman of the 
Nationalized Industries 
Chairmen's Group. Sir Rob- 
ert. chairman of ihe British 
Steel Corporation, is to head 
the National Coal Board.from 
May I. 

In banking parlours, insur- widely regarded as a windfall 
anCe offices and other finan- profits tax on the banks. The 
rial intermediaries, there is a tax raised £355 million in the 
nagging fear. Is the Chancel- .1981-82 financial year, 
for, strapped for Budget cash ; There are. however, good 
because of tumbling oil prices, reasons for thinking that, if a 







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about to introduce a new rex 
on financial services? 

Rumours of a financial 
services tax appear before 
every Budget. This year, they 
have been stronger; for two 
main reasons. 

The first is that the banks 
appear to be doing very welL 
Yesterday, Barclays announ- 
ced a J 985 profit of £854 
million, 37 per cent up on the 

previous year. 

Barclays was the Iasi of the 
big dearers to report. All four 
have notched up a substantial 
profits improvement / .. 

The strong profits perfor- 
mance of the banks and the 
feci that politicians, perhaps 
rightly- see the banks as 

unpopular enough for a new 
on them to pose no 

new tax is introduced, it will 
not be in this form. In 1981 it 

year's pre-Budget period is 
that it is widely felt that the 
Chancellor has to cut or 
abolish stamp duty on share 
purchases in the Budget. 

Then, because of the as- 
sumed absence of a net give- 
away this year, it is argued that 


banks now 
offering free banking to cus- 
tomers in credit A widely 
touted idea has been a levy, 
say I per cent on current 

could be argued that the banks .Mr Lawson has to be neutral 
had benefited at the expense of within sectors, so taking away 

other sectors^ notably manu- 
facturing-, from the 
Government's high interest 
rale strategy: 

Although rates of interest 
have been high since the 
January .1985 sterling crisis, 
and real rates even higher, than 
in 1981. it is more difficult to 
make- the case that the banks 
have benefited while other 
sectors have suffered In addi- 
tion, in 1981, ministers, in- 
cluding the present Chancell- 
or. committed themselves to 
not reintroducing such a tax. 
Mr- Nigel Lawson, as Finan- 

cial Secretary to the Treasury, 
said in the Cc 

.ommons in July 

presentational difficulties. ■ 1981: is a pnee^or-afl 

Sslhe situation in 1981. tax As such it follows that it 
the March 1981 Budget, wiH .not be repeated, 
ihe then Chancellor, Sir Geof- • The second reason lor the 
frey Hower introduced a spe- unusually strong rumours of a 
rial tax on bank deposits, ' financial services tax in this 

from the financial sector in the 
form of a new tax what he is 
giving in lowering stamp duly. 

As an argument, it is per- 
haps too logical to be true. 
There are nq precedents for 
xax changes being neutral in 
this way. A stamp duty cut, 
although not abolition, could 
be almost self-financing if 
Stock Exchange turnover rises 
sufficiently in the post-Octo- 
ber era. 

These doubts aside, what 
arc the possibilties for a 
financial services lax? One 
criterion is. that it has to 
square with EEC rules which 
forbid value-added-tax, or 
anything that could be con- 
strued as such, on financial 

A levy on current accounts 
would probably escape this 
problem, particularly with the 

Another possibility, which 
has emerged with recent finan- 
cial innovation by the banks, 
is a tax on the perpetual 
floating rate notes issued by 
them. Since these have prima- 
ry capital status at the Bank of 
England, it has been suggested 
that the interest on them 
should be taxed like divi- 

Outside the banks, the 
Chancellor could -introduce 
tax changes designed to raise 
revenue and at the same time 
restore equity between differ- 
ent financial products. A tax 
on non-life insurance premi- 

ums may fit into this category'. 
■ ~ ~ of W. 

Mr Robert Thomas 
Greenwell. suggests. 

More likely than these sug- 
gestions is that the Chancellor 
will try to kill two birds with 
one sione by introducing a 
turnover lax on stock and 
share transactions. This would 
replace the old stamp duty. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

The Panel wrestles 

with new problems 

At the end of this month, the 
unlamcnted Council for the Securi- 
ties Industry will dissolve into a page, 
perhaps no more than a paragraph, in 
the history of City regulation. As the 
CSI is ihe channel for part of the 
money financing, the Panel on Take- 
overs and Mergers, a new arrange- 
ment has had to be made: the Panel 
will receive 60p per contract and 
£12.500 from each panel member but 
in addition it will levy a charge on of- 
fer documents ranging from £1.000 
where the sum involved is £1 million 
(the minimum figure) to a maximum 
of £20.000 where it is £100 million 
and above. The estimated income 
from these three sources is in excess 
of£l million. 

advertisements, leaving questions of 
taste to the companies and their 
various advisers, and defamation to 
the lawvcrs. 

Banks in balance 

The Panel is cheap at the price. It is 
a highly professional body admin- 
istering a code of rules with flexibil- 
ity. efficiency and despatch. Wisely 
the Government has left it outside 
the legislative ambit of the Financial 
Services Bill and resisted the tempta- 
tion to make it an appendage of 
another regulatory' body. At an 
appropriate moment it will make 
sense to make the Special Regulatory* 
Organizations members of the Panel 
so 'that its writ operates across the 
financial spectrum. 

Meanwhile the Panel is wrestling 
with two important issues, above and 
beyond its daily chores. One is the 
deterioration in standards in the 
conduct of contested takeover bids; 
the other are the rules it should apply 
to share dealings by market makers 
who are part of financial conglom- 
erates with corporate finance di- 
visions acting in takeover bids. 

Increasingly bids are being fought 
through advertising campaigns, 
which may have more or less regard 
for facts, and the public relations 
firms prepared, on behalf of their 
principals, to trade price-sensitive 
“exclusive” information. In an at- 
mosphere where the game is about 
winning at any cost, neither develop- 
ment is surprising. It is not easy to see 
what the Panel might do about the 
activities of zealous PR men. which 
because of their corrupting effect 
should also concern newspapers and 
other media. The standards of 
advertising, on the face ot it, ought to 
be an easier problem to tackle. Bui 
here also the Panel needs to trade 

Panel members — mainly the 
representative organizations of vari- 
ous financial institutions — affect to 
be upset at what they see as the huge 
waste of money of advertising cam- 
paigns. money which they argue they, 
as equity shareholders, are actually 
providing. They would ban such 
campaigns. They sec no inconsis- 
tency between this attitude and their 
readiness, through their eagerness to 
underwrite, not only to make con- 
tested takeover bids possible but also' 
to take huge fees and commissions 
from the companies involved. 

The Panel would be wise to insist 
only on factual accuracy in bid 

Last year was unquestionably a 
good one for the clearing banks. Their 
results revealed the expected clutch 
of disasters — and several unexpected 
ones — but in general their profit 
growth was impressive and their 
balance sheets looked stronger than 
they have for some time. 

The outstanding feature was the 
strength of the United Kingdom 
performance. This flatly contradicts 
the received wisdom of the last three 
years that under the pressure of 
unprecedented competition UK 
banking was becoming less profit- 

This is clearly not so, but the 
reason is partly because competition 
has stimulated the banks to get their 
act together. They take pride in their 
success at winning back their share of 
retail deposits from building soci- 
eties. for example. 

The banks are aware that com- 
petition is only likely to intensify', but 
that awareness should be a source of 
strength. Sir Jeremy Morse, chairman 
of Lloyds, hinted at the way things 
may develop when he said that 
clearing banks would have to special- 
ize to compete against the legions of 
specialist institutions. 

The banks are gradually freeing 
themselves from the straightjacket of 
being all things to all men. and they 
are sensing the profits to be made. 
The chief areas of concern must be 
what happens to their investment 
banking profits after big bang. The 
banks are large enough to absorb 
losses, but it will not help their City 
image if things start to go bad in 
securities markets. 

It is just as well that domestic 
banking was a success because inter- 
national banking remained the Achil- 
les heel. 

The banks arc more cautious on 
international lending and have re- 
cently begun to withdraw their assets 
to the UK. They have also been 
adjusting their provisions for bad 
debt to take account of the situation. 
Foe example. National Westminster 
shi fled £ 1 00 million of sovereign debt 
from general to specific reserves. This 
is a tacit admission by NatWest (and 
by the Inland Revenue) that sov- 
ereign debt may sometimes not be 

On the results of the last few days, 
clearing bank shares look absurdly 
underpriced relative to the market. 
No doubt they will stay that way at 
least until after the Budget on fears 
that the Chancellor will be unable to 
resist taxing such obviously profit- 
able institutions. After that . the 
market may conclude that the banks 
have faced some unpleasant truths 
and now have a better idea of where 
they are going. The evidence appears 
to be that profits begin at home. 

reliab le 

and sell 


o r unit 


V ? i y * 

r SI 

In the first six months since we v 
introduced Dealercall over 4000 
investors have become card holders 
and many of them are now using 
the service regularly. 

Here's how it works: 

number -01-242 3692 with 
your instructions Our minimum 
transaction is £750. 

□ You apply for a credit limit to suit 
your requirements. 

□ Hoare Govett negotiates the best 
price available - and reports back to 
you immediately. 

□ You receive your personally 
numbered Dealercall Account Card. 

For further information and an 
application form, simply contact 
Nicholas Hunloke on 01-404 0344, 
or send in the coupon below. 

□ To buy and sell shares, or unit 
trusts, you simply call the special 
Hoare Govett Dealercall telephone 




Nitnoias Hijnioke Hoare Go wen Dealercall Heron 
House. 3W- 325 High HniDom Condon WCiv »PB 
Pieese Sena me lurther information and a Deaiercafl 
account opening form 

Financial Services Group 

Him6o«enLnHlerf Member* al the Slock EMdunge 


Heron House. 3i9 325 High Hunxnn Lonoon wClv ?PB 
Tet Oi-404 0344 Terex BB5773 


T 7/3 







New York (Renter) — The 
Slock market decline gained 
momentum Wednesday af- 
ternoon, with weakness is 
IBM shares depressing the 
entire technology sector and* 
bonds adding to earlier losses, 
according to traders. 

But the trend took a reverse 
turn towards the close with a 
hood market recovery which 
triggered a finaJ-honr haying 

IBM cut its earlier loss to 

\Vi and dosed at 148tt-Bsr- 
rooghs finished P« down to 
close at 65 } & 

The Dow /ones industrial 
average, which was around 

1,680 at midsession, dosed at 

1,686.00, op 0.48. 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices closed higher at 1 
a new record in active trading. 

The Araex market value 
index dim bed 1.44 to the best 
ever close of 258.16, topping 
last Friday's record of 25735. 

ttdiWIkfa fri * ' : ! i iv:r* 4-i 

day's mss 

small fall at 1.4540 (1.4615). 


MAr Mar 
5 4 



CJearng Banks 12% 
finance House 13 

Discount Mariart Loans % 

Ovarnwn High: 12* Low 12 
Mask fficKt 1214 
TtaasuryBBs (Discount*) 

f nmS 1Z*ie 2™S 1214 

3mnm It*** 3«nnm tl’»ia 

Prior* Bank BOs (Discount*) 

1 nwrtti 12*ia-12*» 2mn1!i 12*14-12*13 
Smnth 11»*'l1 a N6mnth 1154-1154 

Trade BBs (Discount %) 

Imnth I2'*n 2mnth 12'*» 

3mnth 12*, • fimntfi 11% 


Ov en aght open 12% dose 12 

1 «a*tc12K- 12* 6 mm ft 1 T ’*,*-1 1 
imntti 12",e-12% 9mnth 11«™-11"ia 
amntfi 12 *m- 12 1 m 12mth 11*-11* 

Loeel Authority DeposHs (%) 

2 days 12% 7 days 12% 

imnth 12% 3mnth 12% 

6mntti 11% 12mth 11% 

Local Authority Bond* (*%) 
imnth 1254-12% 2mnm 13-12% 




r.y. t .-c/.y 

i K. i riicV 

Q W Joynson and Co report 







7 days 7»«a-7% 

3 months?" 14-7* it 

7 days 4®f*-4’it 
3 montti*4 7 ie-4*i, 
Pranch franc 
7 days 11%-10M 
3 months IS- 14% 
Swiss Rene 
7 days 254-2% 

7 days 6»ie-6*ia 
3 months 5*-6% 

cal S%-7% 

1 month 7%-7H 
cat) S4 

1 month 4’M*» 
cafl 954-3% 

1 month 16-1554 
6 months 13- 12 54 
can 254.1% 

1 month 355-3% 
cafl 6-5 

1 month 654-655 
6 month&654-654 



GaCaato, 36.23 d par fcfl tar 



tin —sospeoded 

i can 

Cash 2S2.5Q253 SO 

Three Months - 20L5O-262OO 


Kroowrand* (per coin): 


for 200 shares: 2JS00 co 
5.000. a wothted ballot 

lot for 400: 151000 to 
45.000, a weighted bal- 
lot , for 450c 30000 
Shares and over, about 
I per cent of the nam- 
ber applied foe. with a 
maximum of 6(LQ00 l 

1 mmti 1254-12% 
■TmilBi 1251-12% 
9 north 12-11% 

imnth iP'ialPi 
Sntrtm 115S-1154 
1 mnft 7.65-760 
6mnth 7JS&-7M 

8 mum 1254-12% 
12mm 1154-11% 

i 3 mmti 12>ia-12% 
12 mth il J ia-ii*ii 

3 ninth 735-750 
12 mm 7.60-735 


Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
interast period ntxuaiy 5 1986 to 
March 4 1986 Indiaha: 12464 per 


Three Month Staffing 

Mar 86 


Sep 88 

Dec 86 

Premous day's total ope 
Three Month Eiwdo&t 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 l 


Sep 86 


Mar 86 

An 86 

Sep 86 

An 88 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 


Mar 86 

Jun8S ____ 

Bng Open Mgh Low does Envoi 

8741 67.97 0737 8741 421 

88.87 88.94 88.80 8832 2124 

89.45 89.45 8933 8933 325 

1877 mm “ 8,5 

9231 92.62 • 9231 WES <614 

92.62 92.62 9230 9233 434 

92.46 92.48 9235 9238 199 

i __ Previous day's total open Merest 4870 

96-14 96-14 95-15 95-24 592 

96-00 96-02 94-34 95417 9026 

94-06 94-20 9467 94-19 119 

Previous day s total open Interest 848 

9622 98-22 08-10 98-10 46 

9642 9646 9835 98-35 315 

• N/r o 

117-15 117-29 116-29 117-17 ?47B 

N/T 118-05 0 

N/T 11605 0 

Previous day's total open Merest 1517 
155.90 156.70 155.45 15630 8S2 

157.70 15&45 157.65 158.40 . 37 

710 580 Altec. 

155 1»a Amer Trust 

mm sasr 5 * 

Jr? m bXS,***** 
194 1S2 Berry 
S6'r A 7 ■, Br Amis 
sy. 25 BrEoynta 
400 912 Brittei ter 
57 64 Brunner 

£ £ 

178 119 Cnocm Japan 
1 IB 97 Derby Inc 
127 85 QoCap 
330 SS4 Drayton Cons 
153 112 t**yran Far Em 
528 348 Dr^unjapm 
52S 363 Dreytcn Pmm m 
199 160 Mm LOO 

118 89 EAl AfflV ASM 
138 103 Edntxrgh 

322 25< Electric Gen 
146 114 Engfah W 
S3 65 EngSh So* 

122 91 Eng»*i NY 

133 85 Ensrat 

97 78 F 1C ASenea 

167 122 F 6 C Peaflc 
2S3 188 Fane, 

298 242 frn beat Amer 
IBS BO Foi un Gen 
590 415 Flernen American 
318 235 Fter^j cam 
304 233 Ben«3 Enterprise 
109 76 Ftemg Fr Eat 

119 100 Flaming RodjOryj 
574 405 Ham 

136 105 Hamng Mmonda 

134 MO Bemng Ownm 
163 120 Ramng Test, 

358 268 FWnwig Untmrsal 

79 h S For Col 
121 91 GBC Ctprirl 

185 US GT japan 
146 97 General Fond 

295 230 General Cans 

163 • .. 


400 43 


90 • 


tsa e+2 

115 a.. 



152 ■ 

523 a +2 
512 -3 

192 4.1 

110 +1 
1577 +•, 


145 -1 


121 a .. 
133 *3 

97 ♦! 

a - ■* 


298 *2 


525 a -3 

304 e«2 

ss +■, 

119 •+! 


ct e-i 

153 +1 



147 • .. 

143 « .. 

295 • 

air aosu 
26.1 n 37 312 
43 11 355 
89 ZB 493 
4 A 2-7 51^ 

08 ■ a? . . 

19 r 15 41 A 
15 OB .. 
27 49327 

07 22423 

20-9 r 52 244 
It IB 405 
32 r 37 389 
30.0 r 4.1 35.1 
U U .. 
110 KM TX? 

22 r 14 .. 
29 29884 
159r 54 259. 



M Offer Chng YVJ 

Bui Of w caog YW 


Hon Income Trust 
Gh 4 Ftxac n 

BU Oder cmg YU 

714 743 403 141 

BU 711 405 5.4! 

SOB 54.1 402 84! 

H Ohr Cfcg n 

BU Drier Omg 

Sri Ottar Omg 

aa aa*r emp tw 

QA 8 Fhad H SOB 54.1 402 84! 

Tat or n» Tnaa B03 644* ,07 i s: 

Soacar Stti Tncn 713 753 411 24! 

■WAmarTiHl 512 56 7 -05 13: 

FBI Eastern Trial 814 654 -08 041 


S( Gacrge Hce Corparakon SL Covenjry CV1 

0203 553231 

UK StMth Accwn 1374 1480 40.4 343 

Do In co me 1217 12B4 402 343 

I War Inc Acorn 2172 231.0 404 49S 

Do Incoma 1774 1881 -09 499 

GTta/Ffaad Actum 959 1009* 4-14 247 
Do Income 819 862« 409 247 

Ndi Amer T*r Aeon, 1326 141.0 -13 026 

Far Em Tar Acorn 1t14 1189 -03 072 

Euro Tw Accirn 1334 1419c -12 105 

Genera Trial 2i64 2302 403 195 


1. Laurence Pouray Ml London GC4R OBA 

01-623 4680 

120.7 1284 403 343 

2172 231.0 40-6 499 

1774 1881 *09 499 

959 1009* 414 247 

819 862* 409 247 

Amancw, Find 
Capital Funo 
income Fund 
Far Eastern Fimd 
Oreraas income 
Foma internal 


European kicoma 

71 0 76 0 
1039 IIOBc 

74.1 793c 

61.1 654 
64 1 684 
58.0 S3 
453 487 

-05 026 
-03 044 
404 445 
-13 042 
-14 196 
♦02 928 
.. 448 

644 694a t14 154 

190 wew George 3L Gtagrar G2 i 
041-332 3132 

Balanced GOi me SdLi 371.4 
Do Acorn 3522 374.7 

income Oh Inc 34.7 389 
Da Accun 354 377 

Seram Co i me 369 384 
Do Acorn 364 39.1 

fiver Wr*. T onSnoga. TW9 IDT 
0732 362777 

Amman 96 9 1026 

Amar Eqirtr mconw 314 334 
Amer Specol SU 402 524 
Fat Em me 2&9 BOB 

GB 6FtradH 284 307 
GrowBi 8 Income 913 97.7 
Japan Spec* Sta 312 332 
Japan Trow 323 962 

Msnepad Int Tat 1209 1294a 
Max Incoma BMy 67.1 729a 
ProWssoral GSt 81.1 311# 
SoaViEntAMTW 249 289 
Special am 1384 147J 

London EC3A &AN 

American Exempt £3613 8589c -0.19 191 
Jwam Exempt E292.4 SOI J# +279 13* 
Am Properly T« S107954 .. 7.79 

Propeny Trust £20334 ’ ..610 



-29 148 
-10 1.08 
-10 243 
♦T O 390 
-IB 043 

NCSnWr&ropOD-* MSB 1562 ♦0.1 < 

NC BampiS £121.0 12S4 . . 5 

NCAmarRop 81157 1118 

NC Property 1865 1962 


33 Kngvmma Stmt. London EC4R 9AS 
01-638 5078 

American tfl 2065 2109 .. i 

Seanaes 0 662.0 677 oa .. s 

WBfi Yietd^) 145.0 1469 .. ( 

MWrr (SJ 3535 3S15 • .. S 

Fixed kneraat 164 Q iffij) . . S 

mfi mtarra i 1 iao 120S . . 12 

Far Eaat CO 1644 1679 . . fl 

Ne« Hal Place. l*mptm IBB 3HS 
051-227 4422 

a Trust 
US Trust 

SB4 025 +04 249 

639 676# -09 125 

2B.1 274 +02 692 

289 314 -04 191 

309 327 -04 066 





, . ^ 

' ‘rt’.i 



• v -, ' 

r ", 

y.-: .. 

( ~ TEMPUS ) 


open at TI 

The j Abdullah brothers 
a neai t*nne r when 
ey bought a stair* in the TI 
conglomerate as its shares 
have since bounded =*wi 
rang a further 14p yesterday 
u> 47 Ip. in the process, 
Jeered made a paper profit of 
ftl-25 million, takmgits total 
profit tq £93 minion orso. .. 

In theory the problem of 
realizing this, profit becomes 
more acute as it grows. The 
cost of launching a fun bid 
has nearly doubled and it has 
therefore become less likely 
that someone else wfl] buy 
the stake as a platform fora 
takeover.. With concert par- 
ties, Eyered holds 20 per cent 
of the equity. 

Yesterday's figures from TI 
indicate it could still face a 
battle. .There remains plenty 
of scope for improvement 
and veiled comments 

filing from straw aerospace 
demand. . 

All them Actors together 
suggest profits of £48 mQlion 
are possible this year, feaviiK 
the shares trading on a multi- 
ple of less than 10. That . 

modest rating lea ves theAbd- 

u ilah s with plentyof options. 

per share may not rise to their 
1984 level until 1987. At the 
current price of 170p there is 
some bid premium. On a 
prospective rating of 13.5, 
there is little room for error. 




the workplace at Raleigh 
propose the question of 
whether a more radical ap- 
proach to the cycle 
company's problems is re- 

Profits rose from £19.0 
million to £30.6 million be- 
fore tax in 1985 and this year 
an even bigger jump could 
occur. The core b usinesses 
increased their contribution 
by £8 milli on even though the 
domestic appliances busi- 
ness, which takes in brand 
names such as Creda, Parkray 
and Russell Hobbs, was 
down. The automotive com- 
ponents and steel tube busi- 
nesses both did welL 
The four problem areas cut 
their losses by £5 million to 

£11 milli on, thanks mainl y tr» 

a marked improvement at the 
cold drawn tube operation. 
Progress was hampered by a 
dramatic foil of 30 per cent in 
the British market for bicy- 
cles, which Ralei gh limite d to 
20 per cent That foil in 
revenue meant that lower 
costs did not feed through to 

This year there should be a 
better market for bicydes and 
most of the £11 million loss' 
by the four problem areas 
should be e limina ted- In ad- 
dition, there will be a fall £6 
million benefit from the 
company’s pension holiday, 
against only £2 milli on last 
year, and lower interest and 

in the ctne business coStTbe- 
limited to specialist engineer- 
ing, which is' currently bene- 

The debilitating effect of 
ill-conceived attempts to di- 
versify are dearly demon- 
strated at Cadbury 
Schweppes where the compa- 
ny has been weakened to such 
an extent that the trading 
profit feD by- £28.8 million, 
excluding exchange rate fluc- 
tuations, to £113 milli on for 
tbeyear to December. 1985. 

To be profitable in con- 
sumer products- you need to 
have strong brands and pro- 
mote them sing] e-mindedly. 

A dismal performance was 
expected from North Ameri- 
ca and it duly emerged. The 
trading loss of £5.6 million 
was due in ; part to poor ' 
confectionery demand but 
was exaggerated by the Zack of 
a dear brand strategy and a 
weak management str u c tu re 
The 1985 loss highlights a 
big effort to slim and reorga- 
nize the business. 

But there are still problems 
in the US. Not only has 
Duffy-Mott proved to be a 

Johnson Matthey 

Investors are so impressed 
that Johnson Matthey has 
survived, the near fail ure of 
its banking subsidiary and 
the row that followed, that 
they have tended to look back 
to this achievement rather 
than forward. Yesterday’s fig- 
ures should concentrate their 

Even though profits for the 
nine months to December 
were up from £12.8 million to 
£17.8 million- before tax, 
almost all that increase' re- 
flected lower interest costs. 
Profits from trading actually 
fell from £30-5 million to 
£27.8 million. 

poor acquisition, but the 
of the whole operation 


is too small and its brands too 
weak to find niches in the 
market rather than battle 
against Hershey and Mars. 
However, a 'recovery, albeit 
at a lower level of profitabili- 
ty than in 1984, is on the 

Future strategy in all mar- 
kets world-wide will concen- 
trate oh bnikling cm the areas 
where Cadbury is strong — 
confectionery and soft 
drinks. In confectionery, ex- 
pansion must oome from 
overseas markets as the Brit- 

ish consumer is relatively 
of 70 

mature: With sales 
million bars last year. Wispa 
is now tbe largest selling pure 
chocdlate brand in . the UK, 
equal to Cadbury’s Dairy 
Milk in all its guises. It is now 
Cadbury’s biggest single line 
and the third largest in the 

- The .lade of direction cul- 
minating in the poor -1985 
results means . that earnings 

1 is worrying but the 
company claims me shortfall 
arose solely from . exchange 
rate movements. 

Where the company h as 
been more successful is in 
reducing borrowings. At the 
ehd of December they stood 
at £137 minion, some £147 
million below-the peak of last 
year. Off balance sheet bor- 
rowings relating to metal 
stocks have also been reduced 
sharply but the company says 
more reductions m stocks 
and disposals axe unlikely to 
have a significant impact so 
farther improvements are 
likely to be limited. 

With interest charges un- 
likely to drop so dramatically 
next year, attention wiD focus 
on the trading performance: 
In this respect, the near 
doubting in the price of 
platinum over the past 12 
months will be crucial be- . 
cause high prices tend to 
boost platinum refining. And 
there is continuing growth in 
demand for autocatalysts. 

Meanwhile, the third quar- 
ter should see some contin- 
ued progress, taking the total 
for the year to possibly £30 
million. On that basis, the 
shares are trading on 11 times 
earnings at 171p, down 2p — 
but they have hardly faltered 
since the turning pomt at 63p 
a year ago. Complete recov- 
ery to 240p, where the shares 
stood 18 months ago before 
the crisis, depends largely on 
a sustained increase in 4he 
platinum price. - 


ter the announcement by CH 
Industrials lari week that it had 
disposed of its holding of 1 .73 
million ordinary shares in 
Banro, the boat! of Banro 
reports flat all these shares 
would have been placed with 
several institutional investors 
who are expected to retain their 
holdings as a long-term invest- 
ment. Tbe board of Banro 
welcomes tbe sale by CHI of its 
shareholding and believes it 
removes any uncertainty about 
Banro’s independence that may 
have persisted since CHI's offer 
for Banro lapsed in April, 19S5. 

a WPP GROUP: The company 
has agreed, subject to 
shareholders’ approval, to ac- 
quire P and L International 
Vacationers, through its subsid- 
iary, Rasor. P & LIV is a 
destination consultant. Its turn- 
over for the year ending March, 

1985, was £1.75 million. On 

completion, WPP will pay about 

£380,000, to be satisfied by the 
issue of shares. A further pay- 
ment in . shares, of about 
£280,000 win be made following 
tbe publication of P & UV's 
accounts for the ending March 

1986. For every £1 that pretax 
profits exceed £150,000, £4 in 
shares win be added to this 
payment up to a maximum of 
£84.000 and for every £1 of 
shortfall below £1 50,000, £4 will 
be deducted. 

dividend 4.13p. making 5.93p 
(5-39p)- Turnover £65.45 mil- 
lion (£65.46 million). Pretax 
profit £3.12 million (£1.75 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 20.3p 
(14.5p). The board reports that 
the British piinju g operations 
performed well in spite of the 
worst summer weather for some 
time. The end of the miners' 
strike and the lifting of 
contractnral tonnage restric- 
tions in some areas assisted 

pfrfiwuianM- • 

• A GOLDBE R G: Tbe com- 
pany has conditionally agreed to 
buy Mona Lewis for about £1.2 
million. Immediately before the 
takeover, Mona Lewis win dis- 
pose of all fixed assets which 
will be surplus to its require- 
ments as a part of the Goldberg 
group. Accordingly. £800,000 of 
the net assets to be acquired are 
expected to be in cash. Mona 
Lewis is one of the principal 
young fashion retailers m cen- 
tral Scotland with 21 shops 
trading as Virgo. Audited ac- 
counts for the nine months to 
January 31 showed a turnover 
of £3.9 minion and pretax 
trading profits of £60.000. 

INGS: The company is report- 
ing for the eight months to Dec. 
31,' 1985, compared with the 
previous year. The directors 
expect the company to trade 
profitably in 1986 and consid- 
eration will be given to a 
resumption of dividends. Turn- 
over £2.91 million (£435 mil- 
lion). Pretax loss _ £1 1 8,425 
(£276,149). Tbe year-end has 
been changed from April 30 to 
Dec 31 to remove seasonal 
distortions following the sale of 
the candy division. Currently, 
pet cash and sbort-tqnn invest- 
ments were £622,000.. ■ 

John Lems bonus record 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

John Lewis Partnership, the 
staff-controlled department 
stores and supermarket group, 
is to distribute a record £30.6 
miHion in annual bonuses to 
its 28,000 worker-partners. 

This follows a year of 
steeply rising saiesand profits. 

Bonuses will be paid at the 
rate of 20 percent of partners’ 
salaries. In central London; a 
fan-time adult sales assistant 
would be earning from £5,000 
upwards, which means a mini- 
mum cash bonus of £1,000. In 
the provinces, salaries range 
from £4,000 producing a mini- 
mum bonus of £800. 

It is one of the biggest 
percentage payouts by the 

chain of 21 stores aiid 79 
Waitrose supermarkets. In 
1979, there was a 24 per cent 
bonus but this fell to 16 per 
cent or less until 1984, when h 
rose to 21 percent Last year it 
was 19 per cent 

John Lewis pretax profits in 
the year ended January 25 
jumped bya quarter to £82 
million after a sales increase of 
14 per cent to £f370 million. 
Allowing , for inflation, tbe 
sales increase in real terms was 
10 per cent that is 6 per cent 
above the national average for 
retail sales. 

One of the keys to the 
partnership's profit perfor- 
mance was that while sales 

rose 133 per cent, costs were 
contained to a 12 per cent rise 
because of gains in efficiency. 

Mr Peter Lewis, partnership 
chairman, said he expected 
another buoyant year m 1986 
but warned that tbe high 
bonus resulted not only from 
the commercially accceptable 
level of -profit “but from the 
good margin of increase in 
profit each year". 

He said even if the partner*- 
ship did reasonably well the 
rate of bonus might be a “a 
good deal lower" next year. 

John Lews P ar tnership was 
set up in 1929. The Lewis 
family sold the group to the 
worker-partners for £1 million 





Adam & Company. 




12 *% 

Citibank SavingsT 

Consolidated Crtfs 12*4% 

Continental Trust 12v*% 

Co-operative Bank 12*% 

C. Hoare & Co 12w% 

Lloyds Bank 12*% 

Nat Westminster 12*% 

Royal Bank of Scotland I2v*% 

TSB 12W% 

Citibank HA. 12v»% 

f Mortgage Base Rate. 

/ , 


Marksfi^ Spencer have just opened an 80,000 sq ft 
warehouse in Peterborough. It will distribute fashion 
store and others in the region. 
I^omhowPecttborough's A1 location can hefcyour 
business too. For our free guide to re-location, post the 
coupon to: John Boukfin, Peterborough Development 
Corporation, PO Box 3, Peterborough PEI IUJ, 
Telephone (0733) 6893L 
Name : 




The Peterboroug 



Shares pause for breath 
as investors take profits 

Stock markets paused for 
breath after the 200-point 
surge over the past six weeks 
in the FT 30-share index to 
new peaks above 1,300. 

.After establishing a new 
high in the opening minutes, 
share prices turned easier on 
light profit-taking yesterday, 
with the FT 30 index closing at 
1 799.4. down 1.9. 

Many shares had picked up 
again well before die dose, 
however, and the lone re- 
mained very firm. 

Gilts also came back from 
the besL Gains stretched to 
around a point at one time 
following the cut in the West 

German discount raze from 4 
per cent to Vn per cent. But, 
by the dose, most loans were 
no more than *4 to % higher on 

Falls predominated among 
leading industrials, though 
most were confined to be* 
tween 2p and 5p. 

Grand Metropolitan pro- 
vided a dull spot, down 9p to 
41 Ip after an uninspiring 
statement at the annual met- 
ing. British Aerospace turned 
down ISp to S63p as profit- 
taking developed, but there 
was continued support for 
Cable and Wireless. lOp high- 

er at 6S8p, in generally mixed 

TI remained in demand, the 
shares rising 14p to 47lp in 
celebration of the 61 per cent 
growth in profits. Cadbury 
Schweppes added 4p to 170p 
as the 25 per cent decline in 
earnings proved less than 

Corah managed a penny 
improvement at 59Vzp after 
slipping to 54%p in first 
reaction to disappointing fig- 
ures. Profits news put 12p on 
Williams Holdings at 540p. 
but lopped 7p off Mitchell 
Cotts at 70p. and 20p off Lex 
Service at 320p. 

Profit-taking towered BSR 
lOp to lOSp after yesterday’s 
figures. Harris Qneensway 
jumped 1 6p to 252p on talk of 
a bid from Tescp, 6p down at 

Office and Electronic rose 
8p to 21 Sp as HiDsdown (8p 
up at 233p) took its stake to 14 
per cent. Wolseley Hughes 
continued to look to likely 
benefits from the Grovewood 
purchase, gaining 14p to S50p. 

Barclays Bank shed 7p to 
492p after results at the lower 
end of the scale of expecta- 
tions. Standard Chartered met 
speculative support, advanc- 
ing 23p to 522p. 

on Mexico 
debt talks 

From Bailey Morris 

Senor Silva Herzog, the 
Mexican finance minister, re- 
turned to Washington yester- 
day for talks amid growing 
optimism that Mexico's prob- 
lems can be resolved without a 
tense confrontation with debt- 
or nations. 

Treasury officials said the 
Mexican government ap- 
peared at last to be getting 
down to hard bargaining after 
demanding unacceptable in- 
terest rate concessions and 
billions of dollars in addition- 
al loans. 

There are also indications 
that the World Bank, which is 
considering up to£l billion as 
large new central loans for the 
Mexican economy, is close to 
approving them, a British 
official said. 

The negotiations which be- 
gan yesterday will set impor- 
tant precedents for other 
debtor nations in Latin Amer- 
ica and elsewhere which have 
been hit bard by plummeting 
oil prices. 

The talks are a key test of 
the £29 billion debt strategy 
proposed by Mr James Baker, 
the US Treasury Secretary, 
according to officials. 

Western officials said Mexi- 
co must reduce its huge budget 
deficit, running at about 10 
per cent of gross national 
product, to attract money 
back into the country follow- 
ing a wave of capital flight in 
the early 1980s. 

Foreign investment 
hits record £22bn 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Britain had a current ac- 
count surplus of £2.95 billion 
last year, in line with the 
Treasury’s forecast of £3 bil- 
lion but £600 million lower 
than provisional estimates 

Private investment over- 
seas rose by 45 per cent to a 
new record level of £22.25 
billion. This was mainly due 
to a sharp rise in purchases of 
foreign securities by British 
financial institutions. Over- 
seas investment in Britain 
rose by 108 per cent but, at 
£7.48 billion, was dwarfed by 
investment flows abroad. 

The current account surplus 
was reduced by an estimated 
£125 billion last year by the 
effects of the miners' strike. In 
1984. the strike reduced the 
surplus by an estimated £2.75 
billion to £879 million. 

Britain had a deficit with 
European Economic Commu- 
nity institutions of £2.04 bil- 
lion. £12 billion up on the 
previous year. This was due to 
payments during 2985 under 
both 1984 and 1985 inter- 
governmental agreements and 
a delay in receipt of the 1984 
Budget abatement until Janu- 
ary this year. 

Partly because of this, the 
surplus on invisible transac- 
tions — services, transfers, 
interest and profits - fell from 
£5.3 billion in 1984 to £5 
billion last year, against tbe 
pattern of steady increases. 

In the fourth quarter, the 
current account was in surplus 
by £921 million, compared 
with £1.07 billion in the third 



Abbott Mead V(l80p) 228 up 3 
Ashley (L) (135p) 235 dn 5 

Brookmount (160p) 180 

Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 70 dn 1 
Grans wick M (95p) 110 

Davidson P (160p) 160 dn 3 

Diaiene (128p) 170 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 24’2 up 
Granyte Surface (56p) 71 

Inoco (55p) 49 

JS Pathology (160p) 270 up 5 
Kiearfofd (1i8p) 116 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (I05p) 138 

Merivale Moore (I15p) 125 

Norank Sys (90p) 102. 

Really Useful (330(4- 361rdn 2 
SAC IrttJ (lOOp) 13J 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (215p) 

§i9meX STB (97p, 

Spice (80p) 
Tech Comp 


221 upl 
183 upl 

ds (1 

Wellcome (120p) ' ' 183 up 1 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (140p) 




Cray Bee F/P 
- N/P 


Hartwells N/P ** 

Porter Chad F/P _ 4 

Safeway UK £44 3 4 up 
Wates N^P 24 



(Issue price in brackets). 



British Petroleum: Mr I G S 
Hartigan is to become presi- 
dent of BP North America Inc. 
Mr R F Chase will be group 
treasurer and chief executive 
of BP Finance International, 
based in London. 

Dolgety: Sir Peter Carey is 
now deputy chairman and is 
to become chairman. 

British Alcan Consumer 
Products: Mr Colin Dawe has 
been made managing director. 

Henry Cooke, Lumsden 
(Corporate Fi nance): Mr Mi- 
chael Brown and Mr David 
Anderson have joined the 

Crown Unit Trust Services: 
Mr Stuart Perflli has been 
appointed marketing director. 

Sunderland and Shields 
Building Society: Mr Vernon 
Ferens has been made chair- 

Birmingham Mint Group: 
Mr D B Bailey has become a 
non -executive director. 

Lloyds Merchant Bank: Mr 
Nigel Hurst-Brown is to join 
as a managing director. He 
will also become chairman of 
Lloyds Investment Managers. 

Information Technology: 
Mr Garth Shephard has 
joined the board. 

British Railways Board: Mr 
Brian Bnrdsall is to become 
Director Parcels. 

Hybrid Vehicles: Mr Leslie 
Conlthard has been appointed 
chairman and Mr Michael 
Wright a non-executive direc- 

The Consultative Commit- 
tee of Accountancy Bodies: 
Mr Matthew Patient is now 
chairman of the Auditing 
Practices Committee and Pro- 
fessor David Tweedie vice- 


The Chairman, Sir Timothy Sevan, said today: 

I am very pleased to report record pre-tax 
profits of £854m - £231m higher than in 1984. 
Combined with our 1985 rights issue, these profits 
reinforce the capital base we need to meet the i ncreas- 
ingly vigorous competition in financial services both 
in the UK and in the international markets. These 
results will also enab le us to increase total dividends 
for the year by 14 % to 18.60p. 

In the UK ail major operations, the clearing 
bank in particular, increased their profits. Overseas 
we achieved encouraging results in a number of areas, 
notably Barclays Am ericanCorporatio n. 

The integration of the UK and international 

banks from the beginning of 1985 has helped to 
improve the overall profit performance. 

Among initiatives taken to enhance the quality 
and range of services to customers are a major drive 
on service in the clearing bank, the creation of a 
Financial Services Division to bring together our 
trustee, insurance and unit trust operations, and 
further investment in Barclays de Zoete Wedd, soon 
to become our new domestic and international 
securities and investment group. 

I — . 

Sir Timothy Sevan, Chairman of Barclays PLC 6rh Muirh iw> 


The Directors of Barclays PLC report the following Group results 
for the year ended 31st December 1985 : 





Operating profit., 


Share of profit of associated companies - 74 

Profit before taxation and extraordinary items 854 

Taxation .. - - 405 





Profit after taxation 

Profit attributable to minority interests in subsidiary companies . 






Extraordinary items: 

Special provisions for deferred taxation — 

Transfer from reserves 


Other items... 

Profit attributable to members of Barclays PLC. 





Second interim..,, 







Profit retained . 



Earnings per £1 Ordinary stock 
Dividends per 4*1 Ordinary stock . 


18 . 60 p 



The infcvmiiaofi in this announcement doo rior comprise full accounts 
within the mtarani’ of Section of the Companies Act Mfc. Full accounts, 
including current cost inlymudon and containing an unqualified judic report, 
will be published on 27 March ivtto; copies will be delivered to the Registrar 
of Companies in accordance wife Section 241 of the Companies Act lyss. 





























































over bid 
for BHP 











Operating (Loss)/Profit 



Net Interest Payable 

(5.6} ‘ 


(Loss)/Profit before Taxation 



Taxation — Overseas 



(Loss)/Profrt after Taxation 

(6 2) 


Minority Interests 


. (0.8) 




Extraordinary Charges 



(Loss)/Profit Attributable to 



Ordinary Shareholders 

Dividends Paid and Proposed 



Retained (Deficit)/Profit 



(Deficit)/Earnings per 1 0p Share 
Dividends Paid and Proposed 



perl Op Share 



non; lift* cuj uvc duimcv iiiiojiwqi iMiumiaiiuii UUVO Mfyjg iwi i hmmwibi wbiwm 

within the meaning of Section 239 of the Companies Act 1985. An unqualified Auditor’s 
Report will be given on the 1985 Financial Statements. 



The Directors, having regard to the nature of the major components of the overall 
loss for the full year and the much improved prospects anticipated for the Gro^p 
in the coming year, have resolved to maintain the final tfvidend at the same level 
as in 1984 - 1.85p. 


Although BSR was seriously affected by the problems in the electronics industry, 
it has in fact weathered the storm extremely wed and I remain confident that the 
steps taken to position the Group for the future and the substantial orders now in 
hand for the first half of 1986. leave your com pan y wen placed to participated folly 
in the recovery now being forecast for the industry. 



Head Office 2-'r Kaiser Estate. Phase 31.51 Man iue Street 
Kunghom. Kowloon. Hong' Kong. 

Registered Office High Street. vVcliaston. Stourbridge. 

1 ••■■;, ' ' • •••West Midlands OYS 4PG. England 

Mr Holmes 4 Court chair- 
man of the Bell Group, de- 
clined to give details of his 
discussions with a special Cab- 
inet committee headed by Mr 
Bob Hawke, the Prime Minis- 
ter. But he said he had always 
believed his bid would not 
encounter government objec- 
tions because it contained 
nothing against the public 

The odds that he win acquire 
BHP shortened on Monday 
when the Cabinet decided not 
to hold an official inquiry into 
the bid. 

Union leaders have joined 
BHP management in opposing 
a bid because of concern over 
jobs. But Mr Paul Keating, the 
Treasurer, successfully argued 
in Cabinet that the attempted 
takeover should be resolved in 
the marketplace. 

Instead the Cabinet appoint- 
ed a committee of seven 
ministers to hear representa- 
tions from Mr Holmes 4 Court 
and BHP. 

Unions, however, remain 
opposed to the Bell bid. Mr 
John MacBean, senior vice- 
president of the ACTU, said: 
“It's fundamentally wrong for 
one person to own BHP 
outright, which he will do, with 
the ability to move on the 
whole corporate sector. 

“What happens is crucial in 
terms of the structure of 
industry and commerce in the 
next 15-20 years. With BHP*s 
cash flow in the hands of one 
person, not a single company 
in this country would not be 
vulnerable to Robert Holmes a 

£42m orders 
for Rolls 

Rolls-Royce has won orders 
worth £42.6 million from 
Nepalese and Australian air- 

Royal Nepal Airlines is 

buying the blest version of the 
RB2 1 1-535 engines for its two 
new Boeing-757 airliners in a 
deal worth more than £22 

. Australia’s Qantas airline is 
getting RB211-524D engines 
for its new Boeing 747-300 in a 
£20.6 million deaL 

(SkMuAA* Schweppes 

Preliminary Results: 

52 weeks ended 28th December 1985 








Trading profit 



Profit before tax 



Earnings per share 


15. 7p 

Dividends per share 



i The 1985 figures have been adversely 
affected by the loss in North America and 
by the impact of exchange rate 

I In local currency terms outside North 
America, Cadbury Schweppes 
companies increased their trading profit 
by 13.5 % compared with 1984. Brand 
shares have been maintained or 

I In North America, the company 
completed a major reorganisation, a new 
management team is in place and 
consumer led marketing programmes 
have been initiated. Non-recurring costs 
have been heavy and operating costs 
have now been reduced. Sales since the 
b eginning of the year have been 

l We have sold the Jeyes Division and 
announced the sale of the Beverages & 
Foods Division. The sale of these ■ 
companies will free resources for 
investment in the mainstream 
international businesses. 

>To improve profitability and asset 
utilisation in the Pacific Region, 
agreement has been reached in principle 
to merge the Australian and New 
Zealand companies. 

I We have announced, with The Coca-Cola 
Company, the formation of a joint 
company which will bring-together the 
leading soft drinks brands in the British 
market and enable us to exploit new sales 
and profit opportunities. 

I believe that the major strategic moves set 
out above, coupled with the complete 
reorganisation of our North American 
operations, have materially strengthened 
the Group and that our 1986 results will 
justify the actions taken. - 






Trading Profit I 









United Kingdom 


92 0.8 








North America 









25 0 

Africa, Asia & New Zealand 









Shareholders will be offered the option of taking a scrip dividend in place ofcaslTand full details will be sent to them. 

Copies of the full statement will be sent to all shareholders and further copies are available from the 
Secretary, Cadbury Schweppes pJ.c^ 1-4 Connaught Place,London W2 2EX . Telephone: 01-262 1212. 

Australian banks braced 

From Stephen Taylor 

Mr Robert Holmes 4 Court 
emerged from a meeting with 
government ministers in Can- 
berra yesterday appearing con- 
fident that his takeover bid for 
the Broken Hill Proprietary 
Company (BHP) was still on 

to take on all-comers 

Adelaide's financial commu- 
nity included two fusty old 
banks in early 1984: the 
Savings Bank ofSouth Austra- 
lia. a passbook-based home 
lender, and the state bank, a 
rural trader. 

Within a year the two had 
merged, acquired a stockbro- 
ker. a trustee company and a 
finance company, embarked 
on money market and corpo- 
rate banking operations and 
opened offices in London and 
Hong Kong for corporate and 
trade finance. 

The Standard Chartered, 
which has made Adelaide its 
Australian bank headquarters, 
has wisely judged it better to 
’concentrate on the niche mar- 
ket of international traders 
than take on the revitalized 
locals directly. 

The small picture in Ade- 
laide has its larger reflections 
in Sydney and Melbourne as 
the leading Australian banks 
and lesser financiers brace 
themselves against new rivals 
from the world's banking cen- 
tres after the liberalization of 
the country’s financial system 
by the Labour government 

Mr John Hs, Standard 
Chartered’s managing direc- 
tor, believes the new banks 
may take 20 per cent of the ' 
established b anks ’ business, 
but there is enough business tp . 
go around. 

Apart from liberalized bank 
entry, there has been a 12- 
month moratorium on foreign 
investment requirements for 
merchant banks, allowing ra- 
tionalization. including 100 
percent foreign equity. About 
25 restructurings have oc- 
curred and about 45 new 
merchant banks have been 
granted permission to start 
operating in Australia. 

The old banks are garnering 
high profits as they rampage- 
into lucrative service areas 
previously denied them under 
regulatory controls. But with- 

Keating: ’‘You’re hungry, 
we want you to stay hungry" 

in a year or so, the new banks 
will be well established to 
force an all-round cut in profit 


Pressure will also come on 
the old banks from tight and 
volatile money conditions, 
slower economic growth and 
troubles in the farm and 
energy sectors. Heavy ex- 
penses of account servicing 
and computerization will eat 
Anther into profits. 

Fortunately, the local banks 
had their overall strategies in 
place years before the change 
occurred in government 
thinking on bank entry, espe- 
cially through mergers of four 
of the banks. 

The old banks havejust had 
a great year for profitability, 
probably aided by the turmoil 
among their embryonic com- 
petitors. Reserve bank figures 
show that the four banks'- 
profits after tax lifted from 
AusS694 million (£345 mil- 
lion) to Aus$8S6 million or 
27.6 per cent in 1985. 

In their submissions to tbe 
authorities, some incoming 
banks leaned overboard on 
equity partners and policies to 
get approval, and are not 
suffering, while others showed 
no great deference and were 
given tbe nod in any event. 

Citibank, which Iras been 
waiting for an Australian, bank 
licence since 1928, is the most 
feared of the competitors. As 
Mr Paul Keating, the Austra- 
lian Treasurer, put it at the 
Citibank Australia Ltd open- 
ing: “To be remorselessly 
competitive - that is foe only, 
thing we ask. You're hungry, 
we want you to stay hungry.” 

Now foal foe maturity con- 
trols on tbe trading banks 
have been removed, the mer- 
chant banks will have to 
concentrate on providing foe 
specialist and innovative bor- 
rowing and lending advice to 
their customers that was al- 
ways foe rationale for their 

The real battleground 
among foe banks will be the 
corporate and international 

Westpac and the ANZ are 
now strongly international- 
ized. while foe National Aus- 
tralia Bank has only about 20 
per cent of its assets offshore 
and is pushing to broaden its 
international work. 

The banks have done well 
from their offshore activities, 
partly through foe Australian 
dollar's decline and their for- 
eign exchange operations. 

Hie old four have had the 
profitable trade finance busi- 
ness well tied up, but this is an 
area needing only a foreign 
exchange licence and good 
connections offshore, so all 
the merchant banks, foe new 
banks and the old banks are 
scrimmaging for foe business. 

Some advantage lies with 
the global banks like Citicorp 
with operations in 90 coun- 

Some local bankers see their 
branch networks as a major 
asset in foe competition with 
the foreigners, giving them a 
grip on foe high-margin per- 
sonal loan business, which 
computerized management is 
making even more lucrative. 

In computerization, tbe okt 
banks, weU-devei- 

oped ATMS and poim-of-wle 
devices for electronic tunds 
transfers have a good lead, 
even though the newcomers 
will be keen to exploit foe 
technology as an alternative 

opening a targe number ^of 

branches winch carry* higher 

cost structure. , 

The new banks are realizing 
that they must offer value- 
added services, meaning a 
package of products to solve 
specific corporate problems, 
rather than competing purely 
on price. 

The smaH banks are trying 
to split the banking business of 
individuals, firms and corpo- 
rations bv offering attractive 
specific deals. However, the 
big banks are trundling out 
their own new services, and 
have a fer bigger capital base 
from which to tend. 

Path of foe new banks has 
fts targets picked. 

• The diminaitive MacQuar- 
ie Bank, established a few 
years ago. is successfully aim- 
ing at high-wealth partners in 
professional firms; 

• The Hong Kong Bank of 

Australia is targeting’ *c 
Asian community: ^ 

• Chase AMP is opening 
branches within a local chain 
of building societies, to cnabfe 
use of an automatic teller 
machine system. 

The Japanese banks and 
fringe banks are a special case. 
By the middle of the yeas' 25 
Japanese banks and securities 
firms will have upgraded foeu* 
presence in Australia into 
merchant or trading banks. ' 

Tbe Japanese parents had 
exposure to Australian loans 
totalling $A6 bifitoa at foe end 
of 1984, with more biRions 
probably added in 1985. Some 
individual banks have expo- 
sure to the Australasian region 
of more than $A1 btlJjon. 

Tony Thomas 


The group plans a one-far-one 
rights issue at 20 cents a share to 
raise Aus$2.1 million (£1 mil- 
lion). Tbe new funds win be 
used mainly to fund gold 
exploration in Western Austra- 
lia and to continue oil explora- 

• BLUE ARROW: Mr Tony 
Berry, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that since the 
end of foe financial year the 
group's performance had been 
most encouraging. The integra- 
tion of Brook Street Bureau was 
nearly complete and savings had 
been achieved. This, with the 
introduction of the Blue Arrow 
style of operation, should result 
in a significant increase m 
Brook Street Bureau profits this 

• ATTWOOD& Results for tbe 
six months ended January 31 
indude an interim dividend of 
l-25p (Ip). Figures in £000 
include turnover of 25,153 
(]2_323). group net profit before 

tax of 2,654 (£1,802). and earn- 
ings per share 5.08p (4.71 p). 
Trading continues satisfactorily. 
Aquisition opportunities are 
continually being sought and in 
November. Drinkwater Sabey 
completed the purchase of two 
limestone quarries in Yorkshire. 
The chairman is confident the 

group will again produce record 
profits for the full year to July 

• GALUFORD: Results for the 
six months ended December 31 
include an interim dividend of 
!p (same). Figures in £000 
include turnover of 42^03 
(42.189), trading profit of 2358 
(2,073), and earnings per share 
of 2.9Ip (2.68p). The building 
and civil e ngineeri ng contract- 
ing companies continue to im- 
prove their performance in a 
very competitive climate. Pri- 
vate housing overall produced 
satisfactory profits despite poor 
results from several west Mid- 
land sites. Chorley Engineering 
had a disappointing half year. 

due to the loss of turnover when 
a major north sea contract foiled 
to proceed as anticipated and 
low activity in South-east Asia 
and Singapore. The next six 
months is subject to caveats 
regarding the weather but a 
sound result for the period is 
still e xp ected. 

ERTIES: Hie chairman said the 
directors were pleased with foe . 
level of trading and were con- 
fident of further im pro v em e n t s 
in residential and co mme rcial 
property development. The for- 
ward rales position for the 
company's new housing is very 
good and the interest in new 1 
housing projects yet- to be 
released, is encouraging. Any 
reduction in mortg^e interest, 
rates is expected to stimulate 
further foe already active mar- 
ket for the c o mpan y’s . new 
homes. While there continues to 
be a lack of prime land available 
for bousing at reasonable prices, 
the group has a very good stock 
of sues. 

BUSINESS: There was a divi- 
dend of 4.62p (same) for 1985. 
Figures in £000 include a turn- 
over of 8.432 (4.40!). gross 
profit of 3.961 (X286). pretax 
profii of 415 (272k and earnings 
-per share of 8.09p (8.1 7p). The 
board says although market : 
conditions in 1986 do not look 
substantially different from pre- 
vious years, the level of activity ; 
at the end of .1985 and the . 
company's present order book is 
such that the group considers it 1 
realistic to budget for growth in 
Britain and overseas. 

There is no drvideftd for 1985. , 
Figures in £000 include a turn- 
over of 8.234 (7.842), loss before 
and after tax of 48 (155 profit) 
and loss per share of 2.39p 
(earnings 7.65p). The chairman 
rays costs still have to be 
reduced and manufacturing ef- 
ficiency is the first priority. 
Results so for are encouraging 
and the outlook is bopeftiL 

ALs John Lewis Partnership pic 

M r department stores 

department stores 
and Waitrose supermarkets 

Consolidated Results* for the year ended 25 January 1986 

Record profit and Partnership Bonus 








1,369.6 1,206.2 

Tracing Profit 


Pension Fund Contributions 

Profit before tax 


Preference Dividends 

Suipfus available for 
profit sharing and retentions 

Partnership Bonus 


"abridged, estimated and unaudited 

Profit Sharing AW the equity capital of John Lewis Partnership pic 
is held in trust for the benefit of the workers in the business. 

The profits remaining after taxation, preference dividends, 

pensions and allocations to reserves are distributed yearly amona 
the workers as Partnership Bonus in proportion to their pay a 
This year the rate of distribution will be 20%of pay (1984/5 19^ 

For further details please telephone 01-637 3434 ext 6221 or write to 
Chief Information Office*; 4 Old Cavendish Street London W1A 1EX. 


. rxi 

*j, 1 . . f* JL 

ft E - «■ * 

* v. 

d- xvf * ■ i v T ‘ = *** 

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b v. 

ru v Y 

Hanson Industries, the US arm of 

Hans on Trust, is responsible for about 
half Hanson’s total operating profit- so in 
our letter to shareholders of 13.2.86 we 
took a cool look at its performance. 

Hanson’s solicitors responded by 
Hialtenging r some of our figures - though 
not our central point . 

Nonetheless, we cheerfully re-ran our 

analysis - with the following result £m 

Total: . ^ 

Less bought-m profit: ; % 

Less exchange rate gams: | 

Leaving organic growth: ...... __6 

* W1V», 



Washing 1 





-on Exchange 

10U Gain 




i j . ]i» ' . 



SgBfi ,nB Y 


• V* \ • vSv 

This is precisely the calculation 
used in our letter to shareholders and 
confirms our central point: Hanson’s US 
performance depends overwhelmingly 
on profits bought in by acquisition; and 
Hanson Industries’ organic growth 
has fallen far short of US inflation over 
the period. 

We rest our case. 



V I «! tJ 

» i i mi n: 

■I 1.1 1L [ 

The- sources: 

ri contained in this advertisement are the letters from the Chairman, Imperial Group pie to shareholders dated 13th February and 6th March 1986. The directors of Imperial Group pic (including those who have delegated 
for the of this advertisemenQ.have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the facts stated and opinions expressed are fair and accurate. The directors accept responsibility accordingly. 


Shares falter 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Feb 24. Dealings end March 10. §Contaugo day March 10. Settlement day. Match 17 

§Forward bargains ate permitted on two previous days. 


£ 6,000 

Qaims required for 
+39 points 



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ji | 


Aga Khan to the rescue 

By Teresa Poole 

Behind the white marble facade of the 
Ismailia Centre, opposite the Victoria 
and Albert Museum in central London, 
is the office of one of the country's most 
unusual as well as successful local 
enterprise agencies. 

Funded by the Aga Khan, the Ismailia 
Business information Centre has just 
celebrated 10 years of helping the 
creation of small family-size businesses 
in the 10.000-strong UK Ismaili 
community. IBIC was founded in 1976 
as a non-profit making organization to 
aid the thousands ot Ismaili Asians 
expelled from Uganda by Idi Amin. 
Over the decade. 650 enterprises, 
including stores, hotels, travel agencies, 
and software houses, have been started, 
initially creating more than 2.000 jobs. 

.Though spread throughout Brit- 
ain. the Ismailis are a tight-knit commu- 
nity and a fifth of the families have 
made use of IBIC. The problems they 
faced on leaving Africa were extreme, 
with no experience of British business 
so IBIC had to provide a counselling 
service and help in obtaining finance. 

The most important contribution, 
and one of particular interest during the 
wrangling over the renewal of the 
government's Loan Guarantee Scheme, 
has been the introduction of a loan 
guarantee programme run in conjunc- 
tion with Lloyds Bank. Under this 
scheme the .Aga Khan guarantees a third 


■ As more companies turn to franchising 
as a route to faster growth, the British 
Franchise Association has launched a 
service to help beginners tap the advice 
and experience of BFA members. It is 
called the Earty Development Service. A 
fee of £1.000 plus VAT covers a year's 
access to a variety of services. A 
workbook sketches in the financial and 
legal aspects of franchising. There is also 
a half-day counselling session with the 
BFA’s director. Tony Dutfield, and a 
senior member of the BFA council with 
practical experience of a franchising 

A two-day seminar covers all facets of the 
industry and at four BFA "theme" 
lunches several topics are covered. 
Twice a year the BFA lawyer and 
treasurer hold surgeries where individual 
advice can be sought 
•Contact British Franchise Associ- 
ation. Franchise Chambers. 75a Bell 
Street. Henley-on-Thames. Oxfordshire 
RG92BD (tel: 0491 578049). 

■ Stoy Hayward, the accountants and 
management consultants, have brought 
out their latest guide to venture capital 
sources, listing more than 125. Details 
are given of trie type of investment that 
companies are willing to make. Copies of 
the booklet Sources of Venture and 
Development Capital in the United King- 
dom 1986 are free from Stephen Greene, 
Stoy Hayward. 8 Baker Sheet. London 
W1M 1 DA (tel: 01 486 5888). A booklet on 
tiie Business Expansion Scheme is also 

Akbarali: 'There 
is a general 
business acumen 
within the 
lshmaili commu- 
nity— this 
huge pool of 
people is cre- 
ating the enter- 
prise spirit' 

of bank loans for business projects 
approved by a committee of community 
members and businessmen. 

Sadrudin Akbarali. who runs IBIC in 
the UK. says: “In this way the banks 
have something at stake, and they have 
to vet the scheme as well ” 

So far 855 loans, worth £19 million, 
have been guaranteed with a top limit 
on the guaranteed portion of £25,000. 
Applicants must put up 20 per cent of 
the project costs, which cannot exceed 
£150.000 in total. Unlike the govern- 
ment scheme, borrowers are not 
charged a premium rate on these loans 
and the failure rate is low: losses run at 
less than 1 per cent by value of these 

For new and expanding small busi- 
nesses, IBIC also provides individual 
advice and group seminars. A third of 
the community is self-employed and 

unemployment is far lower than the 
national average. 

Mr Akbarali said: “There is a general 
business acumen within the community 
and this laige pool of people is creating 
the enterprise spirit.” 

Though IBIC is primarily for 
Ismailis, ' some places are kept at 
seminars for non-community members 
and it is estimated that every job created 
for an Ismaili results in the employment 
of two non-Ismailis. 

Mr AJkbarali and his staff of two deal 
with 1,400 consultations a year and 
regularly visit the 65 Ismaili centres 
around the country. The dozens of 
success stories for small businesses 
include a man who bought a guest- 
house in 1 979 with the help of a £30.000 
loan and now has a £2.5 million 

The failure rate is put at less than half 
a dozen firms over 10 years. IBIC costs 
well under £ 100.000 a year to run, partly 
because of voluntary help from within 
the community. It is now considering a 
greater role in training and encouraging 
joint ventures and co-operatives, per- 
haps making use of the Business 
Expansion Scheme. 

“IBIC was set up at first to meet what 
was seen to be a short-term problem in 
1976,” said Mr Akbarali. “ Now we are 
finding a new generation of people 
coming along who it can also help.” 

Interested m bank charges? 

By Derek Harris 

What does your bank charge you as a 
business customer ? It can vary widely, it 
was discovered by II'Aof To Buy For 
Business, the consumer magazine. On an 
identical account it was found that 
charges could vary from £356 a year to 

The survey, covering the main high- 
street banks, not only nominated Mid- 
land Bank as offering the best value with 
NatWest being the least impressive, it 
discovered that for anybody maintaining 
fairly high credit balances, the Trustee 
Savings Bank had the edge over 
Midland as the most competitive bank. 

Cheque credit charges varied consid- 
erably from as much as 46 p each to as 
low as 12p (that was TSB at all 
branches). Commission charges varied 
from 0.075 per cent to 0.15 per cent. 
Interest paid on credit balances ranged 
from 3 to 8 per cent, sometimes more. 

The survey made the assumption 
when formulating a model account on 
which to get comparative quotations 
from the different banks that the current 
account would stay in credit. For those 
running an overdraft, low gross charges 
become important, which is where a 
bank such as Barclays tended to score 
more heavily. 

A charge to watch for when overdraw- 
ing is a management fee. This often 
amounts to as much as .1 per cent of the 
overdraft facility each year and is levied 
supposedly for supervising the account 

Banks wfl] also often try to charge 
arrangement fees <m first negotiation of 
an overdraft or loan. 

It is probably worth trying to get 
banks to waive either of these fees. Bat it 
means being prepared to apply the final 
sanction ®f going to another bank. 

One thing which emerged from a 
survey of bttsinesses was that it usually 
pays to negotiate. 

•Contact tt'hai To Buy. 11 Kings 
Road, London SW3; teL 01-730 0403; 
back issues to non-subscribers cost 
£14.75 each. 


“When I’m in profit ! think of 
myself as an entrepreneur — in defat, 
a small businessman 



The Business and Assets of 


(In Receivership) 

Mahraork is an established and successful technical 
service company offering a specialised range of support 
services in technical activities independent of equipment 
suppliers, engineering contractors or consulting engineers. 
It designs, imp! intents or pravrdes:- 

* Maintenance Management Systems 

* Operating Procedure Manuals 

* Associated Training Material and Coatses 

* Ruth Diagnostic Systems 

* Materials Management Systems 

* Provision of Contract Staff and Recnritmcnl 

Clients include Major National and Multi-National 

Major Market Sectors: Oil and Gas. Steel and Process 

Turnover Circa £1_S Million 
50 Staff Comprising Highly Qualified Professionals 
Representing all the Major Technical Disciplines 
Located in Fairham. Hants and Aberdeen 
Marinworfe is a Charging Subsidiary of Vesper Pk 
For further information contact The Joint Receiver. 

Mr A R Houghton. 

Touche Ross 

33-34 Chancety Lane. London WC2A 1EW 
Td No: 01-405 8799 

Lytham St Annes 

2'/a acre site with planning permission for 78 
warden assisted retirement homes plus nursing 
home. Reply to BOX D19. c/o Timespapers , 
PO Box 484, Virginia St, El 8 DD 

l> TM Hnfl m IN Ctt 01 Imtm. 

A mimu mubitahed for 

5 years and offering a 
imwuf OKI OTPf Conetnonce 
Sure Asmuca to smw ri- 
Ice hi«M9 S tm mas. 
Si)n we «i exon of EI50DOO 
w tf* mao a xtwMig sub- 
sumo) canon *tt*y to tee 
nnjpnttqi CRYFIWT LTD. 
742. rarest Road. London 
El 7 3HR for flintier 


Sales company with office space, shop and work- 
shop accommodation on major London arterial 
road, wishes to represe n t any of the following: 
cellular. mobile and car phones, facsimile ma- 
chines. Or any other attractive proposition. We 
have the properties and the s ales force. Interested 
parties please Reply to: BOX C77. C/- The Times. 
PO Box 484. Virginia St- London El. 

£20,000 NET ntonr 

>i.i r*i olv di .■ suv *Wt< 

A I lUiipmntina I * Dmjaun Of Bw 

I I. fniMpi «f*n raJeticncr 91 Nn» 

l.inim end imtipi pevivaiiin 
Wr *f kulm<| li» mofiMWa rth 
viituK kninfnM honcM m 

■iriiiMvr Wnlnm 

Vim Ml iifMrr 19000 up** I* 

inn «•* OMfflnM W 

ipjnMnj 4n>1 mjnnki 

A1 lteisi*il«i| Damir, Tale Line 

tUmiM Rotor Prawn PR5 6M 

0772 35228 






The Joint Receivers and Managers of Future 
Technology (Holdings) Limited, offer for sale 
the assets and goodwill of the Future Technol- 
ogy Group ot companies whose activities 

Computer Design 

Hardware Manu- 
Software Support 

Hardware and Soft- 
ware Maintenance 
Local Area 


Multi-User Systems 

The business of this group >s in supplying com- 
puter manfactums on an OEM basts and selling 
directly to an end user base. 

For further details, please contact: 

M. D. McPhaiL or G. M. Gibb 

^Thomson McLintock 

Chartered Accountants 

'4 Uiythswood Squire. Glasgow G2 4Q3 

Tel 041-226 5611 ’ 


large bar /restaurant with with 3 
bed roomed living accommodation. Also 
small supermarket and commercial office 
Get or lease), price freehold £150.000. 
Swan International 0203 382879. 


An Omani company is looking for a 
firm to lease or manage a prestigious 
social and sports club which is cur- 
rently under construction in the 
capital Muscat 

Telex Muscat 5652 KHALILI ON. 
Enquiries in UK 
Telephone 0251 83421 
after 7 pm. 

The Perfect Business 

Coder International are seeking interested parttea (or their 
1986 launch of thetr -overseas property shops”- an exclu- 
sive national cham or High Street retail outlets fully 
equipped to cater for the vast Interest in villas and apart- 
ments abroad. 

Each shop win be designed and stocked to make yoor 
busmens the success that you wUf want U to be. This H a 
first class opportunity to make 1986 the year that you 
estabttshed yourself at the forefront of International busi- 
ness. Take the rtrjl step now and ring roe more information 
on (0978} 861368. 

Manufacturing and supplying to the leisure 
industry in this country and abroad. Full order 
book, unique products, looking for financial 
involvement . by larger organisation within the 
same industry. 

Reply to BOX C44. The Times. P O Box 484. 
Virginia Street. London El. 


To loin in on an old established private 
school development Excellent returns. For 
full information reply to: BOX C 68 , c/o 
Times Newspapers. P O Box 484. Virginia 
St. (Off The Highway.) London Ei. 


Converted to fully 
equipped restaruant 
(other uses possible) 
128 ft x 16 tt 120 HP 
Baudoum engine. 

Suit nverbank or marina. 
Otters invited 
Tel (0590} 73883 ' 


In your own business. 
Free information from 
WEL Dept TT 4a 
Knights Chambers Ed- 
monton Green London 

•jWik'JUl'J. It 

For anyone to start in 
business without 

SAE Lyon Marketing. 
206. Aibyn Complex. 
Bourton ReL Sheffield 


Earn up to £2.500+ 
per month. Also com- 
pany car. Unique 
product. Unbeatable. 

Call 01-248 2112 



wishes to purchase entng 
concerns or venture capi- 
tal available. 

T«fa 01 4SG 1007 


competitive steel supply 
and pressing company sit- 
uated in centred Europe 
and we are looking for 
work. Please contact us 
with your rcgufremenls. 
Reply to BOX C88 . 

[~i I'-JV) iVfiTij i A*# it: i<f*t rn.~f I ») i 


This Advertisement la Not An Invitation To Subset®* For Or Purchase Any Shares 


(name to to changed to Armshtmg-f&es ptc) 

Offer for subscription under the 
Business Expansion Scheme 
Arranged By 


(Licenced Dealer In Securities) 

of up to 250.000 ordinary shares of £1 each and P®£ share 
Payable in full on application to raise up to £ 250.000 

Armstrong-HiJes Limited was formed in 1965 in order to provide first class accommodation 
people who do not wish to be "institutionalised “ and who are able to afford the tuxixy ana service latxia 
only in good hotels. 

Market research by the Directors has shown a considerable demand (or this type of accommodation 
especially in the more affluent retirement areas. 

The Company wfll purchase and develop a property situated in South Devon that folds itself idealy to 
meeting this demand. 

The subscription lists wifi dose as soon as the offer is fulfy subscribed and not later titan 3 ; wi on tire 
17th March, unless extended before that date. Copies of the Prospectus with an Appteabon Form may 
be obtained from: 

Interlink Insurance & Financial Services 

36a Palace Avenue, Paignton, Devon TQ3 3HB. 

Telephone: (0803) 554133. 

ftld'JE. Eb . i n t n r r . 

OF 'A Lifc 

Ex nufi order Motto of 
rHunxtf goods inrtudteg 
cMUna - furniture. 

hMd ware, bouwtiola. 
toys etc Offered at Huge 

let 0244 549444* 

I K i HrpM OW ordir 
C WHW «At (UMwr 

mum. pool «d mcNr 

bitcraaoonal Marketms Camm hat a new product wMcb has 
second income potential and could be operated from home with 
randy participation. TM» product- wtttch t* won MUflht Piter 
especially by the heal in and fitness conscious. U already located 
In tome of the laraest departmental DondnlalnBia rountrv 
No wthng involved. investment secured by product that is each 
producing. ortguwi product hat bean uud for over 60 yearn ff 
poo have fine or iwo days free per week and Investment capful 
of Cl&JSOO- then please apply (or tire colo ur Brochure tt 
CM. Ltd, li MarifeouMak Place. Brtabton. Em* Sums. 
Td (K73>CT2226, Th IW 

£ 5,500 


- and that includes your stock too! 

A superb opportunity for men and women to control 
their own business with security and an initial income 
of £15,000 pb&in first year and rising. 

YouU run a chain of outlets, self service retaSng 
Rowers, plants and fruit via stunning sate units fight 
yarns ahead of cunent methods. Ybu utilise free 

seftng space already negotiated and set up tor you. 
Youl receive iraming. support and the total 
commitment fafflakwgast^ 

the growing trandmfntiionwidB 

Tctrooncs are ni avatobte ~ write now tor yout pn»p«etus to 
traage Maitebng Ud ■ 3G Earls Court Hoad ■ London WS 6EJ 

All cash takmqs. No Account customers. 

Slock and equipment secured and under contract on 
customer’s premises. Can be operated part/fufi tame. 
However a reliable weekly service is essehtU as our retail 
outlets are chosen lor thetr high turnover. If you feel 
capable (X operating such a sservice and have at least 12 
hours a week to work, a car and.nvestmanl capital of 
£7.500 + VAT then this business may interest you. 

For further details please contact:- 

Reedmarsh Ltd., 100 Front Road, 
Croydon, Surrey CRB 7JR 
To): 01684 3282/3390 


b seating Dradpab lo own and operate bu&ess promot in g and con- 
ducting tracing courses for professional assooaons. uumiienxd 
ag ew amm. sctaob.ntagsseicmLaidon&ttiaiDinureuXTta 
programmes have received the highest accbm and acceptance on an 
international level and lave bean oparawg succssstufy for many years 
throughout tt* USA. Jam Austnlb. HI 6 Asun counines. Training n 
die operation oMfta harness wrtlba gnen and asslstmce m setting up. 
Good prom & ca«8l gam onnnumns east. Would sbt experienced 
business encuftve or commercial orgamsabon looking for prestnous S 
easy -to- nm business. Capital required £50.000. Phone 01 580 8371 lor 
anporotroert wdh bwro a aoo a i Pmegai visaing London Hard) iom to 
13th (induaw). 



i * . 1 1 ; ’ re 4 • , I . 

with many years Internationa] experience seeks 
partner for development of trading in Fine 

01-221 1282 after 6 


for the acquisition of private companies, win 
consider joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. Telephone Oi 
936 5796 or 486 6139. 


Earn up to £L500+ per 
month. Also company 
car. Unique product. Un- 
bearable system 

Can 01-348 2112 

rear- Tab 01-940 0030. 

. Computer Training 

Special i 513 required for join 
venture with estabhshed 
training company. 

0242 38929 

571705 evenings 


For London baud) compa- 
ny producing craft product 
with coUd long lorm sales 
& export potential seeks 
working partner with 
proven businon or cre- 
ative background. 





Court Acbona/ J u dgements. 

Winding up of Company. 

Re- structuring Company. 

Raising Finance. 

Sad Oflba/CiwStors. 

How io achieve Profitable T.O. 

Teh 0285-69173, eves & wkenda 0463099663 SAT. LTD. 

nrmNATmut ci«m> pretec- 
Don ro MiHt a nt available to 
rxectMHd. v LP."s & ctfeon- 
IMS. For dvta nv pbooe (0903) 




Conttfener & EeWMao n » 
err. Norm VonoMnr. Wr 
lunner innirmaoen <n Mr 
One iwaon M 0*30 d MM. 

Mt Surpfua arm mated do 
oca sew. Ahenmuodid 
xun of tarn biiWw at 
Kv off ntad 

Phone 0244 549444 

[»; 3 A 3 1; 


DiSntlBUTOM/MOns rmndred Bwmwi M CK wihuo 
mlinivr areas la the reauog « Out movMb wbsMMr spars A 
IrhurrctoOilnomarkM. WearewMteaaiMS*badkb«aton«Snp 
name branded good, metmong Nw*. FSa. Puma. Mttv. end 
nr a. we import & awtriauir for toe ttaUanmonc immm iwaaR. 
Our ooportartaet are saninilaRy mawr Cor -aoenrs exparl. 
raced in party plan dhMMOon. Top emannw lona. eaoramrr. 
bonuses rlc win onwratc yoor tnctane or £aoxx» nan. no mo 
uockholdino le»ris. wee kly dfOvtm, to mU Ifni 

wme leatma daytime Dbonr no. bx 

Mantel no Director. Olympic (SOUL Tin* OM-Bank. Birds HUL 
Lrtcbworm KtibOUS 72CGW Oam-19 nm 

For a new and umqop SwUft BTOduct wOtoMM marketuig 
poMUl wr are lOOUnp tor a w*t a t lMBWd 

DISTRIBUTOR fat th* meiSca) FMd 
(doctor, phornwciM, koapitab) 

Comnama wtucb are already markeang wnptr Mctuncal incdt- 
ral apparatus in Hie corresnonamp r uawua of tna market *r 
nriwrM - 

Please contact m under Opber M4SW4 PubUcnas. P OBox. 
ch trot 2im. 


Tavneretar Lid. are currently ttMagoinB a further pbase 
of expansion. We require representation In molt areas and 
therefore need to recruit a number of local agents who wfll 
benefit from a first dan training scheme. High financial 
rewards win be earned by snccessfnt-appUcants who win 
have io make a small initial Investment. For more Informa- 
tion telephone Dick Schrader on Ot sag 9236 

m pc, xtaat-k New. second 
■HerA bankrupt stock. FoH son- 
ware 6 hardware su pport. 
Further details A copy of oar 
1986 product Lnfarmattaa padc. 
Tel Compudau systems <09221 
69263 6SUS- Anytime. 

Turn Batea u. TMfac377ML 

I'md Jntl rcpnkjucimd- Kkk-s, 
Ld iKkltv Pmwiv ckskv. 
Writmg uHl'v lbtpt|Mh 4 ml 
Dr4 ilun 

*n* W M. m 

toual < Ax kilnai 
-Jw Hr**" IkN »UI 
» Iteik vn* teH w W| 
triraw at^ktovb 

LEGAL Nonas 

■ Be matter si Vattti Ovntrar- 
oon London Lmw« and m tot 
Wr of toe Co oi nanle s Act' 
1985. notice 16 hereby aura 
bui m> order of me Htoh Court of. 
Jusbcr aura 1 February I486. 

hurhoui Roger •ramilfta 
Codarn. Chartered Accountant of 
Cork OubyOnei Nouie. SAShssp 
Mreei. Nonnampwp bos bera ap- 
munted uouNtetor of toe aoote 
named compaov 
Df«M aus 2MI did of FcnriMcy 





mai me Creation or -m* jewe 



Don’t Forget- 

Capitd Tax Alto-race Otongcs take effect on April S HM 
Warner A Sivasey CNC taibcs can be insalled in lime ta beat the 
changes if yon act - NOW! 

Coll Wamcr & Swasey. Stafford Park 2 , Tdford Shropstmc TF3 

ITefc VH2 610701) 

from £99.50 inciushe 

8 ame-Oay Company StoKw Ltd 
Brio pest. 181 oueen Victoria St. London. EG* 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Aho Company Searches 

No subscription. London's lowest rates. 

. 01-242 2320 


Burllngton phone, tel- 
ex and forwarding 
services. CaU Ol 434 



and counter snn.'ofllance 
equipment for both the 
amateia- a professional. 
Ring or write for price Usl 

aunr Bucntowcs ltd 

71* Loo Bridge M 
Lssrira CIO SAW 
OX 990 422S 






who regularty vtrita Ubyn 
Were to promote business 
for other companies, cu- 
oit vtsiis. new 
“ttnodiictlons. tender Md 
presentatkm stc. Tel*. 
Phone Rttbdlp 38904 


FA f« 

U- 12-13 MARCH 1986 


j £ 

// . ' f Anrieot XEN is a pleasure to use. It’s fast 

£^Not only does this machine leave the AT for %%As the benchi^te show^m teiTO of ^ ^ & eff J ive _ showing off both the 80286 built-in 

dead in terms of performance, it also undercuts it Pr 01 ^ 1 ^ 0 ^. ^ w hichcan outmn processor and Windows software to therrhest 

by up to a staggering £1600 without even taking ^ h ^ 0 ° f S™ tF or computationaUy advantage... TOs is the best machine the 


almost- instantaneous and loading software seems " me the most... you can forget just how much 

to take a fiactionofthe time taken by more work the machine is really having to do.^ 

mundane miciOS. mat Micro?- Dumber 1985 PCW-Januan 

There's a lot of talk about the new Apricot XEN. 
Experts, normally restrained m their praise, are 
befcoming unusually enthusiastic. . 

Phrases like aleague of its own and. 

. Awnvum/’iim hftinc US6Q. 

_ iTIiti n un ic.itaiMw ^ — - - _ — 

So why is Apricot XEN so special? 

Because of its astonishing performance, tor one 
thing. Apricot XEN has come out on top in every 
test so fat in an article measuring a>mputCTpower, 

. the Guardian decided that something called 
“Diocessor memory bandwidth” was the most 

SKUfck. Naturally, Apricot XEN achieved 
the highest score, even beating one. of the leading 

it's dear that they are just as impressive as its 

PI ^S^es have broken all the benchmark 
records too. So whether its the XEN FDwithtwm 
. 720K floppy drives, or the XEN HD with a 20 
iiegabyle hard disk, a XEN won't keep you waiting. 

And if as the gentleman ofthepr^ sa^the _ 
XEN floppy disks are faster than the IBM hard disk, 
jnct imagine what (xiT bard di ste can do ^^r^^ 
But what has really Sj£^‘ ■ 

caught the imagination of . • - 

thecomputerindustiy is . 

mtir- - :} ; ■: ■ 

\ , llpl ^ : 

b ■ 

%**#***'■■• ■ - 

‘i i U fc-M Muw im*T*cn* b* Irfctici lo 

- f/\ Mm 

M mm 

„ With multi-tasking Microsoft Windows as 

. standard, a win floppy disk XEN FD with M2K of 
TZF-f 7 ^ RAM and a monitor can cost as little as £2494, 
while the XEN HD with a 720K floppy drive 20 
M'-s ^ • Megabyte hard disk and a full 1 Megabyte of RAM 

; ; • ' is an astonishing £3494. 

: r!;-J When Apricot offers this kind of value, the 

•., ;■$ competition will have to take a long look at their own 

:I ; 4;! . prices - if they expect you even to glance at them. 

: !. '-V if Choosing even the basic XEN configuration can 

, • : : ./I mark the beginning of a long and fruitful partnership. 

The memory' of an Apricot XEN can be 
i expanded to 5 Megabytes. You can add a second 21) 

Megabyte hard disk. Soon, telephone and modem 
p: • communications, and even an expansion box to 

hi u&tfrdi r «r IRM ranis, will be available. 


.. . >* ;■«**} 


— if.™**! '■* a i S 



L»yvuiMi<- - 

how little this powerful 
machine costs. 


ADO AJu.Pl b upuii aiuuivnu.v ... - 

on Apricot Networks, and even run as a multi-user 
svstem under the Xenix operating system. 

' Expansion facilities like these will keep an 
Apricot XEN user sweet for a long time to come. 

And so will the back-up. Only the top Apncot 
dealers and ComputerWorlds are allowed to sell 
XEN, so you will always have access to prolessionai 

rrx To find out more fill in the coupon or call us 
£§l on Freefone Apricot (via the operator) and 
we'll send you a free brochure. 

}% Enough said? 

, t ;£ 

!%: . ^ - r'- ■ ■ 


*X*rc sst • *•' 

*" Dri: “ “ _VAT 

lifP 1 ^ The only 

^alternative is to 
pay more for less 

- 1 

I Please send me a free information pack on the Apricot XEN. 1 
I To Apricot UK Limited, FREEPOST; Halesowen, 

I West Midlands, B631BR. I 

| Name. — — ! 

| Position | 

I Company * — " j 

! Address I 

I -Tel:- — ! 

L J 

J^ii ^ } jXa 



_Z 1986_ 



England aim 
to reverse 

the tide of 

Bates should get 

Britain off to 
n winning start 

W " : • 

From John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent, Port of 
Spain, Trinidad 

It is back to more serious but he has played only one 
isiness here today with the Test innings: Payne is not in 
trt of the second Test match. Dujon’s class, and not all the 

\ xv. ^ *" iiL ' 1"' ' . ; 

business here today with the 
start of the second Test match, 
sponsored by Cable and Wire- 
less. Last Tuesday's one-day 
international was. of its kind 
a memorable game of cricket 
distinguished By some of the 
best batting anyone will ever 
see and just the fillip England 
needed: but it is still the Tests 
that really count. 

After England had lost the 
first of them, in Jamaica, it 
was hard to see how they were 
overgoing to stop West Indies, 
whose only defeat in their last 
28 Test matches was on a 
Sydney pitch made for 
Australia's spinners. The best 
chance, one felL would be here 
in Port of Spain, and 
Tuesday's victory has kindled 
just a spark of hope. 

It is not only the West 
Indians who would expect to 
be among the wickets if they 
bowled first this morning: 
England would as well. Gooch 
reckoned that Essex, in condi- 
tions such as they were at the 
start of last week's match 
against Trinidad, would have 
been disappointed not to bowl 
any side out quite cheaply. It 
was because of Lever that he 
said Essex. Almost always the 
ball moves around here on the 
first day. and the pitch for this 
Test is quite unlike Tuesday's, 
which had next to no grass on 
it. As Richards said yesterday, 
with a wn smile. "You have 
to cater for what you've got, 
and we have some great fast 

Only once in the last 10 
years has the side winning the 

•• ; 

(fc ;- s ' 

bowlers can bat. 

Today is Richards's 34th 
birthday. But if that is the late 
middle age of most modem 
batsmen, the West Indian 
captain still ripples with mus- 
cle. No one works harder or 
more conscientiously at prac- 
tice. and as we saw on 
Tuesday he can still bat better 
than anyone else on earth. In 
talking about his 82 in 39 balls 
the England players shake 
their heads with awe. 1 dare 
say England would give him 
82 again today if he agreed not 
to come in. Even so. he is 
known to feel the pressures of 
captaincy, not least because 
Clive Lloyd is such a difficult 
man to follow. 

England's task, then, is not 
quite hopeless, even if it does 
seem to hang, rather perilous- 
ly-. on having the chance to 
bowl firet By tomorrow the 
pitch will probably have lost 
its first freshness. Should En- 
gland have to bat today 
against an attack stung by the 
cavalier treatment meted out 
by Gooch on Tuesday, good- 
ness knows what may happen. 
Only once in their last 12 
innings against West Indies 
have they made 300. Their last 
five have teen 156. J6Z 202, 
159 and 152. Perhaps 1 am 
whistling in the dark, saying it 
is not a lost cause: yet it 
seemed to be one on Tuesday 
afternoon before Gooch went 
to work. 

It is to Gooch, almost 
entirely, that England owe 

S Sow than an even ctanec, 

considerably less Ibnni&blc tans _BattS to ton 


tV.' V.. . • • 



* b. 

■A ■ 

•y.*. IMp 


* ' stii 

’ V • *’ ' i.'- * » ' W . . - , 

■ r*- ■ vptaJi 

tyo*,-.- ■■ 


The irrepressible Richards: the West Indies captain showing on Tuesday that he can bat better than anyone.else on earth 

ioss in a Test match in Port of what chance they have now. 
Spain chosen to bat first. That Just how apprehensive their 

was West Indies against New 
Zealand 3 year ago. when 
Hadlee, given the chance to 
bowl, removed Haynes and 
Jones for ducks in his third 
over. In 1977-78 Australia 
were put in and bowled out for 
90. In 1982-83 India were 
soon 2S-3. and in 1983-84 
Australia, batting first, were 
85-5 soon after lunch on the 
first day. 

Smalt wonder that 
England's best chance now is 
thought to be field first to 
bowl a full length and hope in 
that way to unsettle a West 
Indian side which may lack 
Greenidge as well as Dujon. If 
they are without these two. 
their batting will be compara- 
tively suspect Best is good. 

batsmen had become until he 
showed what could be done 
has been evident from the 
armour they have all been 
wearing, not to mention the 
stomach upsets that have been 
keeping one or two of them in 
bed. Even Botham, always so 
fearless, has taken to using a 
visor with his helmet. Arm 
guards have become more 
common than armed guards; 
chest protectors have been in 
heavy demand. .And if the first 
Test is anything to go by, the 
batsmen can expect no protec- 
tion from the umpires under 
Law 42. 

Off the field, relations be- 
tween the players are excel- 
lent It would cost nothing for 
that to be more clearly reflect- 

ed on it-than was the case in 

For Wilf Slack today will 
almost certainly be the climax 
to a remarkable odyssey, 
which started not much more 
than a fortnight ago in Colom- 
bo. In Gatting's absence and 
with Robinson unfit (he is also 
finding the extreme pace hard 
to manage) Slack has suddenly 
become an important cog in 
the wheel, although he has yet 
to win his first cap. He will go 
in today with Gooch. They 
had not batted together until 
last Tuesday, and this showed 
between the wickets. At the 
same time. Slack has what it 
takes to cope with fast bowl- 

Trinidad and Tabasco 


If sport is Uke a bloody Mary, 
then competitiveness is the 
vodka. The rushing about and 
the concentration (good for you) 
are the tomato juice. But a good 

overdoes the Tabasco, most 
normal people leave their drinks 
on the bar. Bat a few gulp them 
down and. with burning throat. 
yeD for another. 

bloody Mary needs a little more 
than that. It needs spicing op. 

than dial. It needs spicing op. 
And it is fear that provides the 
Tabasco sauce in sport. 

The amount of fear can be 
adjured according to taste, by 
tbe selection of the sport. But 
there is no denying that Tear 
gives a zing Id many games~or 
that an excessive amount of fear 
can ruin the taste of the whole 
thing. When the cosmic barman 

Match has tame finish 

It is the carefully measured 
taste of physical fear in the best 
sports that makes them by far 
the most fan for the competitors, 
especially in retrospect. My 
most vrrid sporting memory Is 
the paroxysm of aente funk that 
assailed me two minutes before I 
rode a former racehorse over his 
first cross country course in his 
first three-day event. I seriously 
considered withdrawing on the 
fine because of the onset of 
imaginary — but still hideously 
painful — appendicitis. 

Galle (Reuter) — The rain- 
affectrd three-day game be- 
tween the Pakistanis and the Sri 
Lanka Board President's XI 
petered out into a tanie draw 
here yesterday. The President’s 
XI. replying to the touring side's 
first-innings total of 285 for 
eight declared, had laboured to 
209 for five when play was 
called off after only three of the 
final 20 mandatory overs. 

□ Runatunoa c NWk b Zakr IS 

RSMalwnamaeZidqarnainbAluani 33 

HTttokantfne rafted hurt 10 

D Wtckraraastogha not out 40 

fG Wk*nim»in*ub Attain 0 

SAb o wataca notom 41 

Extras(t>6.w1,nb4) 11 

Total (Swkti). 

But such things pule into 
insignificance before the threat 
10 the En gland cricketers posed 
by the four fastest bowl as in the 
world. To bat against them is an 
extreme test, of courage as weO 
as ability, and it is one that 
many would rather the players 
did not face again. 

S O Amraari. C Ramanayaka and K N 
Amaieandkl not bat 

PAKISTANIS: Fast InranoB 285 lor 8 dec 
(Saftm Mafik 1 06. Qssan Omsr 62}. 

FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-47. 2-7Z 3-85. «- 

*S WamakulaswMcyoosafbiakB- 48 
0 Bulankutame bTauMo! — ....... 

BOWLING: Attain 22-12-25-2: Zakir 26-9- 
61-2; Tauseet 23-7-34-1: Rtewan-uz- 
Zaman 7-2-50: Kama! 153-650; Matt 1- 
0-1-0: Omar 1-0-50: Zidqamam 1-0-34). 

There are two ways of dealing 
with this, if abject funk is to be 
ruled out. The first is through 
professionalism. Professionals 
prefer die short cuts in their Jobs 
when drey are available, but 
when there is no easy option 
then they get on with ft without 

wingemg. That stirs the Mood. 
There are some sportsmen who 
find that the only test that 
interests them is the extreme 
test— as if the palate was so 
jaded it reqoired well-nigh half a 
bottle of Tabasco before it could 
taste anything. 

Allan Lamb is in this cate- 
gory. His private practice ses- 
sions with Fred, the demon 
bowling machine, have been 
nothing less than awesome. I 
watched him the other day 
■faring Fred at 80 mph on an 
uneven concrete wicket In India 
fast winter he was never giving of 
his best for be was not truly 1 
stirred by the challenge. Yet the 
previous summer be scored three 
Test centuries off the West 

And here, out in the West 
Indies, he is embracing the 
challenge again Eke an old roai 
rediscovering a favourite mis- 
tress. “More pace!" he shoots to 
the man operating the bowling 
machine. “More swing!” he 
yells, sweat pouring off.hun, and 
Fred sends him a ball that 
misses tbe end of his nose by the 
width of a Trinidadian 2S cents ; 
piece. I can hardly taste this, 
barman: hit me with more of that 
old Tabasco. 

than those he once embellished 
i as a player. 

This tie has some unusual 
features. Spain have returned to 
foe land where they played their 
first Davis Cup tie. at Hendon 
| m 1921. Orantes and Britain’s 
captain. Paul Hutchins, played 
on opposite sides at Barcelona 
in 1968. John Lloyd is ut Hue i o 
equal Fred Ferry's total of 52 
matches for Britain: only Mike 
Sangster, Bobby Wilson and 
; Tony Mottram have played 
more Th 3 n that. 

is order to give Britain as 
much of an advantage as pos- 
sible. two BoUicx courts (one for 
practice) have been shipped 
from Sweden. Bolltex. a East 
surface with a low bounce, suits 
Britain more than it suits Spam. 

Britain had an easier draw 
than any of the three other 
promoted teams and this win be 
their seventh consecutive home 
tie since Australia beat them at 
Adelaide in 19*3. If they wiu - 
and they should - they will be at 
home again in the second round, 
against Australia or New Zea- 

The doubles pairings may yet 
be adjusted but the line-up 
announced yesterday was ex- 
actly what bad been expected. 
The players who pm Britain 
back ra the world group - the 
competition’s first division — 
have been given a chance to 
keep them there: and Sergio 
Casal and Emilio Sanchez will 
probably play the entire lie for 
Spain. Today, Casal plays 
Jeremy Bates and Sanchez tack- 
les Lloyd. The same Spaniards 
have provisionally been chosen 
for tomorrow's doubles against 
Uoyd and Colin DowdsweiL 
Sunday’s programm e is Bates v 
Sanchez and uoyd v Casal Play 
starts at two o’clock every day 

their 12 previous ties with Spai 
(six in each country). Spain hav 

Awkward for Germans 

Agencies — Sweden embark 
upon their campaign for a third 
successive Davis Cup 

championship today better 
placed than any of their rivals in 

the world group to win through 
i to the quarter-finals. The 
United States. Czechoslovakia 
and Australia an have avaifabil> 
itv and fitness problems while 
West Germany, though spear- 
headed by Boris Becker, race a 
tricky tie m Mexico. The Mexi- 
cans are led by the junior 
Wimbledon champion. Leo- 
nardo LavaDe. ’ 

The West Germans have been 
practicing. at the private dub 
where the tie will be played. 
Becker sayshe likes the surface, 
does not mind the altitude — 

Simon Barnes 

abhoqgh he says die dun air 
malcw it essential to take the 
hah eartyjtad keep it tow - but 
has reservations about the 

. Although the Swedes have 
tost Stefan Edberg, the hero of 
then 1 3-2 win over die West 
German* is the 1985 final with 
a polled stomach muscle, (heir 
captain, Hans Oisson, was spoilt 
for choice for a replacement, 
opting for Pieter Limdgren to 
join Mats Wfiander. Anders 
Jarryd and JoaJcim Nystrom for 
the tie 'against Denmark in 

The united States, who are 
without John McEnroe and 
Jimmy Connors, face Ecuador 
on GtrayaquiTs day. 





Perkins gives way Morale is high at the Doral 

to younger men 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

John Perkins, the Pontypool 
and Wales lock forward, has 
retired from international 
rugby, though he hopes to 
continue playing for his club (he 
is captain this season) for an- 
other two years. Perkins won 18 
caps in succession, the last of 
them in the defeat against 
France Iasi Saturday. Wales's 
final match in the five nations 

Unlike some of his former 
colleagues over the Iasi couple of 
seasons. Ptrfcins expressed no 
sense of disenchantment with 
the international scene. He said 
yesterday that the selectors 
would wish to look at younger 
players for _ their world tour- 
nament squad next year, 
recognizing perhaps that his 
own international days were 

First capped against Scotland 
in 1983. Perkins did remarkably 
well to hold down his place for 
four full seasons. He made up 
for lack of inches — be is 6ft and 
ISst 101b. a small man by 
modern standards for the sec- 
ond row — by his commitment 
and outstanding scrummaging 

The DoraJ-Easrern Open, 
with a first prize of $90,000 
(about £62,000) and a total 
purse of $500,000. which is an 
increase of $100,000 over Iasi 
year and shows the way the 
financial wind is blowing on the 
United States tour, started in 
bright sunshine just across the 
freeway from the International 
Airport here yesterday. 

From John BaUantine, Miami 
the difficulty the former British 
Ryder Cup player is having 
attempting to recover the prior- 
ity he lost when be failed to 
finish in the all-exempt 125 
money leaders in 1985. 

Hiram, we're playing nine on 
the par three, followed by 18 on 
the Gold. We’ll see you at the 
coffee shop at the turn.” 

The coffee shop is a halfway 
refuge between the two halves of 
most courses in the United 
Slates and usually it is a small 
shack dispensing boiled eggs. 
coffee and soft dnnks. Everyone 
expects to use this relaxation 
centre on five or six -hour 
grounds, so there is very little 
playing through. Tbe foci that 
walking is prohibited on most 
courses in America means that 
you are trapped in your cart as 
securely on this “assembly-belt 
system” as any can of beans in a 
factory. The foci that the tour- 
naroenl is going on does not 
stop all the courses here being 
fully booked. 

MtWEVUEADBOSI.HSuaor. *141.960; | 
2. B longer. S141.692; a C Peete. 1 
$139.468: 4, D Hammond. 5122.150: 5, C 
Pawn, til 8.476. 6. FZoeBer. SI 15375:7, I 
B Tway, $109.960: 8, P Stewart, *103.192. ; 
Other* Include; 17, T Watson, 189,136: : 



It is a reflection, however, of . 
the lack of competition for a 
front jumper in Wales that his 
enthusiasm kept him in the 
squad. In the B team earlier this 
season Wales were reduced to 
fielding two players in the 
second row who were middle 
jumpers for their clubs. Waters 
(Newport), who subsequently 
partnered Perkins in the 
championship, and Moseley 

For the 25th tournament at 
Doral it is appropriate that there 
is one of the best fields of the 
year here, with Jack Nicklaus 
and Tom Watson hoping to. do 
better than they have done for a 
couple of seasons. Hal Sutton 
and Bernhard Larger, the lead- 
ing money winners, back, and 
Sandy Lyle and Ken Brown 
hoping to add lo the $28,867 
and S23.6S6 they have won 
respectively so for this year. 

This tournament and the 
venue are good examples of the 
joyous entertainment spirit of 
the American circuit. The Doral 
club proudly boast 81 holes, 
comprising the 7,065-yard Blue, 
which plays host to the Open, as 
well as the Red. White and Gold 
courses, a nine-bole par-three 
course and a driving range. 

Peter Oosterhuis, who tied for 
tenth place last year even with a 
final 76 to win $8-571. has been 
unable to get an invitation, 
which is another indication of 

The scene early in the morn- 
ing has to be seen to be believed. 
By 8 o'clock the range is 
crowded with professionals and 
hackers and electric caddy carts 
line up at the central teeing 
ground like motor cars around 
Piccadilly Circus while ibe air is 
foil of jubilant cries which 
would have delighted P.G. 


McLeod’s decision 
bolsters chances 

By Philip Nkksan 

By Pat Botcher 

“Hey, are you guys playing 
the Rea or tbe White?" “Listen. 

TPh jr» £~1j t* tr ___ 9 ~ which is anoLher indication of the Red or tbe Whrtev Lis 

Beware of St Mary s Torrance tokes lead 

44, A Lyle. 528-867:57, K Bream. S2&6S6; 
135, N Faldo. S4.017; 145, J Mcktaio. 
S3.135; 152, P OostOftiute, S2A21- 

By Gordon Allan 

St Mary’s 36 

Guy’s 0 

St Mary's, the Hospitals Cup 
holders, beat Guy’s by four goals 
and three tries to nothing at 
Richmond yesterday and play 
The London in the final nexi 
Wednesday. It will be St Mary's 
tenth consecutive final, one 
short of the record established 
by St Thomas's nearly 100 years 

The London forwards had a 
decisive weight advantage over 
St Thomas's in the first semi- 
final. The difference was twice 
as marked yesterday and it 
enabled Si Mary's to play 10- 
man rugby until any remote 
possibility of defeat had gone. 
Guy's, prompted by their cap- 
tain. Docker, from scrum half, 
tried to play an open game — it 
was iheir only chance — but- 
inevitably failed. 

penalty near a comer. Then 
came a penalty try. converted by 
Booth when Guy's collapsed a 
scrum on their own line. Toots- 
Hobson scored unopposed from 
a lineouL 

in the second half Bain and 
Toozs-Hobson scored tries from 
scrums and Harvey and Wilcox 
broke the forwards’ scoring 
monopoly with a try each in the 
last quarter. Booth made three 
of these tries into goals. Wilcox’s 
try carried St Mary's past the 33 

points they piled up against Si 
Bartholomew's in the previous 

Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — 
Britain's Ryder Cup player, 
Sam Torrance, scored a four- 
under-par 67 to take a one- 
stroke lead after the first day 
of the Malaysian Open yester- 

Torrance played regulation 
goff over the first nine. After 
the turn he missed the green 
and three-putted the tenth, but 
then steadied himselfto claim 
birdies at tbe 12th, 14th. 15th. 

1 6th and 17th holes. 

"I had a good chance of 
collecting birdies on the first 
three holes but it was still a 
good start.'’ said Torrance, 
who finished fifth in the final 
European order of merit last 

Old man with 
a happy knack 

Sydney (API — A 72-year-ofd 
Australian, who scored two 
holes-in-one during the same 
round here, is believed to be the 

oldest player to accomplish the 
feaL Fred Hanson, who only 
took up the game at 60, struck 
his first hole-in-one with a four- 
iron shot on the 1 52-metre 
uphill ninth hole, the second 
with a wedge tee 'shot on the 
1 1 2-metre 1 7th. 

Bartholomew's in the previous 
round. The London have a lot of 
homework to do if they are to 
cope effectively with St Mary's 
in the final. 

Brian Jones (Australia). Lu 
Chien-Soon (Taiwan I and 
Hidenori Nakajima (Japan) 
are grouped behind Torrance 
on 68. 

With an ankle injury not yet 
completely healed, Britain's 
world bantamweight champion, 
Karen Briggs, is not sure 
whether she will be fully fit to 
fight in tiie women's European, 
championships at Crystal PAface , 
on March, 15 and 16. 

Miss Briggs, aged 22. broke a 
j bone in her foot in the first 
practice ofthe year, and with the , 
plaster coming off only two 1 
weeks ago, she is seriously short , 
of the hard practice that usually 
precedes a mqjor championship. 

“1 feel quite fit but there are ! 
certain things that 1 cannot do. ; 
including the body drop throw, j 
one of my favourite tech- 
niques.*' Miss Briggs said, “1 can 
still do my sacrifice throw and I 
suppose I will be relying more 
on ground work and hoping to 
finish the fight quickly.” 

She is still 'feeling consid- 
erable discomfort in her foot, 
however, and there is some 
question over whether a third 
operation will be required. Miss 
Briggs will make a final decision 
on Modcfay. * 

“I have to think about the 
world championships in Octo- 
ber in Holland, for I have won 
the European championships 
three times.” But she added: "1 
would like to win tbe' European 
title this year because it is on my 
home ground” 

TEAM: Bawauwtttfie K BrlflM. Fertht: 

L Doyte. L&* A Hughes. UgMmMdl*: D 
Bet Mdd« DWfltherroofl. light heavy: 

£ Boyle. Heavy: S Browne. 

Mike McLeod has accepted 
his invitation to run for England 
in the world championship fat 
Nenchitel Switzerland, on 
March 23, thus ensming En- 
gland of their strongest team for 
the event since Engbml won in 

After his fourth place in the 
national championship last Sat- 
urday, McLeod was a donbtfnl 
starter because of his training 
for the Commonwealth Games 
and the European champion- 
ships, and becanse of his dis- 
taste for the ones rally difficult 
coarse in Switzerland. 

He would have preferred one 
'of the flatter oMnses which have 

been nsed in recent world 
championships. *Tve let the 
selectors know that Pre decided 
to compete,” McLeod said yes- 
terday. “I am running mostly 
because I didn't want to let tbe 
team down, as we've got a good 
chance of winning.” 

McLeod is one of five national 
cross-coaatry champions from 
foe last seven years, the others 
being Tan Hatchings. Dare 
Clarke, Eamenn Martin and 
Dave Lewis, who wifi compete 

.for En gl an d, fitness per mitting . 
About TOcsn of snow was on the 

About TOcsn of snow was on foe 
course last weekend, bat a thaw 
is reducing that. Tbe course is 
expected to be muddy. 





^ 0 R^ < sr^ , g 

115 Bi * on coira iST 

Seam* Suparscmea 112 . - 

fcr Croydon jp Da* Mtf 

:CiFhaunnc« txro bnaraMton- 

.. 1W- Sooftna 108 {En- 

v WM 32. J mcuhmn » ft j s«a 17. j 

R newnlh i b J 
gjywx 18. D McQfl ii: A ABcocft 17, w Wood 




On Moot Gourntts 




^SA»»i»^teMTii»niPttyiacJinic ia.LMdk 
SelSftiAQy MMMttkt SnaWaM PWytteh- 

By half-time St Mary's, rolling 
forward remorselessly, were 14 
points up. Bailey, their captain, 
scored the first try at a tapped 

SCORERS: SI Uwy’m: Trias: Bailey. 
Peottty tnr Toras-Hotraon (2% Bam, 
Harvey, wrtcox. C on wer awm a: Booth (41. 
Rotjmson. O WNcox. M Dixon. R Harway; A 
Rett C Wnrtworm: W Batey. M Kenny. A 
Budgen. C Hayward. C Guest R Holland, l 
Bain, P Too 2 s-*tot*sofi 
Mackenzie. R Thomas, n poott D 
Vckery: N Oaves. R Docker: G Parry, R 
□non. M Soars. P Scanlan. P Daws. C 

Kerly back for Britain Downing still on top 

«1l Bradford Unhmraiwa*: 


JjOOraAU. GOMBWATIQh: Swindon 2. t 


By Sydney Friskin 

Weisty. J Barwefl. q Mehara 
Referee: R Qwnamon (London). 

More rngby, page 27 


Champions out in semi-finals 

Barely five months after win- 
ning the silver medal in Perth. 
Australia, the Great Britain 
men's team will leave for Ka- 
rachi on March 28 to play in the 
eighth Champions Trophy tour- 
nament from April 4 to 1 1. As in 
Perth, the opposition in this 
round-robin scries will come 
from. Pakistan. India. Australia. 
West Germany and foe Nether- 

By a Correspondent ** RtotltfUaTI 

• Jesus in opo JUQfwyn n. 


MjMMGHAifc UAU dwdnl 
rerotBpa &ww z fofltr ««ra 

cently lost a series in 3-2. to a 
resurgent Indian team. If Britain 
finish in the first three, they will 
receive an invitation to Amster- 
dam in June 1987 for the ninth 
Champions Trophy tour- 
nament. which is a qualifying 
event for foe 19S8 Olympic 
Games in SeouL 

Downing remained in tbe 
pole position yesterday when 
Emanuel foiled to make any 
impression on them for the 
second day running. Pembroke 
pounced on Clare in the Gut and 
will once again be pursuing 1st 
and 3rd Trinity today trying to 


DIVISION Hh Jesus in bod Magdalene H: 
LMBC in bpd Queens' & Rofitawn boa 
Cburewn II; LMBC tv bpd Darwin: let and 

3rd Tmty 111 bpd 
awarbpd Sidney S 

Ferarhouse n: cute m 

0: A Strut! (L 



' i r —T 


By Bex Beflamy, Tennis Corres|»w*«rt 
The first round of foe Davis and there are seats for 2,000 
Cup competition, the worW «w,id he 

icam championship, will he Tie , fao! « 

played during the next three unusually i mpo rtant . C asa « 
day&'Tbe game’s most infcc- Spain s best 
tiously genial smile, that of the quicker 
Manuel Orantes. is brightening status as Mdwtaf* ««■ be 
unfo?sc«* at Tdfor* where firmly undcrhwd if he foils to 
sSafotSTBrimiiL-nS is the beat Bates. Bntains serond 
Firslti me Gramcs has captained string. But Casal can he grten no 

of his fi re Dava Cup singles and 
can pfov awfully well on a court 
as fast as Bolltex. 

Casal and Sanchez have an 
impress tve doubles record. Last 
year they woo (bur tournaments 
and were runners-up in four 
others. Bat seven of those events 
were played oa shale, which has 
about ra much m common with 
Bollicx as chalk has with cheese. 
Dowdeswcfi and Uoyd seldom 
play together hot hare -won all 
iheir four doubles for Britain. 
Thev are older and wiser than 
the Spaniards, and wifi be more 
at on the quick court. 

It is possible that, with diffi- 
cuhv. Britain will achieve a 
winning. 3-0 lead in two days. 
The Spaniards look good 
enough to gire them some dose 
matches boL ait things consid- 

ered. not good enough to win 
three matches out of fire The 

force matches out of fire. The 
Orantes smile wifi doubtless 
bide an inner conviction that 
dignity in defeat is the most he 
and his charges can expect. If he 
was on court, instead of sitting 
beside .is. Spain would have 
<-a|ic<» ' for confidence. But 
Orantes. trim and fit though be 
looks, has 37 birthdays behind 

Britain have won seven of 

won only twice in Britain but 
may find some inspiration in 

foe" last such success, at East- 
bourne in 1967. Manuel 
Santana won both bis single*, 
saving four match points against 
Sangster. and, in tbe doubles, 
Santana and Jose Luis Arilla 
beat Sangster and Wilson, foe 
moss consistently successful 
partnership in Britain’s Davis 
Cixp history. But Santana, tike 
Orantes. is now a golden mem- 
ory. Their successor* are not m 
for same dara 

DtVSiON IV; Queens' ID boa King s H; 
Corpus ennsb H bod Ftawfifem ok Csius 
m bod St Canaria'S nr. wpusan bpd 

get foe bump they so narrowly 
missed on Wednesday. 

Robbie Foldvari. of Australia, 
and Norman Dagley. of Leices- 
ter. will meet in foe world 
professional final, sponsored by 
Monarflex. at foe Rom i ley Fo- 
rum. Stockport today (Sidney 
Friskin writes). 

Both semi-finals produced 
s U prises. Ray Edmunds, last 
year's winner, wjsheaien 3-J by 
Dagley. Mark Wfidman who 
won the title in 1984. lost >1 to 

Foldvan who in the fourth game 
made breaks of 99. 70. 87 and 71 

RESULTS: First round: R FoWvan (Austbt 
R Close 3-0 1400-232. 401-358. 401-241J; 
fj Owey W E Cnanton (Ausl3-0(4Gf-23S. 
401-130. 400*330). A Edmunds bt P 

400- 341). Semi-Final® Daotty bt Eo- 
munas 3-1 (278-401. 400-383, 4U1-E89. 

401- 214). foWvarl bt Wilfiman 3-1 (401- 
394. 191-402. 401-001, 402*138). 

Sean Kcriy. of Southgate, who 
has recovered completely from 
injury', is one of four players 
who were not in Penh. The 
others are Pappin. the second 
choice goalkeeper in place of 
Hursi and wo forwards. 
Shcrwani and Shaw who have 
replaced Gift and Hughes. Gift 
however, was not available for 
business reasons. 

SOUAD (England unless slated): I C 
Tbv*w. V C Fappn (Scotland), s A Martin 
IN Ireland). P J Berber. P M BoHand, J N 
Potter. R D Dodos. W □ McConruW (N 
Ireland), S Batchelor, R A Leman. S fi 
Kerly, D A Faitfmer. J L Duttee. K S 
Bhaura. J D Shaw. I A ShsrwanL 

Britain's first match on April 
4 is against Pakistan who rc- 

• Since the Universities Ath- 
letic Union final between Exeter 
and Loughborough ended in a 2- 
2 draw after extra time at 
Birmingham on Wednesday, the 
teams were declared joint cham- 
pions. Harbord scored both 
goals for Exeter and David 
Knott both for Loughborough, 
one from a penalty stroke. . 

More hockey p27 

missed on Wednesday. 

Jesus second boat, having •' 
been involved in a re-row 
yesterday morning after a dis- 
pute on Wednesday, find them- 
selves doing a repeal 
performance this morning after 
their course was obstructed in 
the Gut- The women's divisions 
were led by Jesus who rode well 
ahead of their pursuers. Chur- 

Wednesday's bumps- 

DIVISION 1: 1st and aa Trinity bpd Ova: 
Jesus bpd Trinity Hat Cans boo LMBC; 
Christ's bpd Fitzwfibam; Petarnuuse bpd 
Queens . Maidalene bpd LMBC ll 
DIVISION lb Oate II bpd Sidney Sussex. 
Downing H bpd Ctmsrs ft Emmanuel I) 

Jesus IV 

DIVISION V: Glrton H bpd SWney Sussax 
IH: Seiwyn HI bpd Ctara IV: PeWrtiouse III 

Hi: Seiwyn m bpd Clare IV: Pstartwuee III 
bpd Emmanuel IV; Cams IV bpd Owe V: 
Christ's IV tod Kirn's Ul; Emmanuel bpd 
Christ's V: ChurchB V bpd Owens W 


14-12. HwroftTw &»ndv- 

_ _ bt 

?. 7 -3 - Oxfenl bt 

e. iScSwwtanSSSl. 

CMfr ridao 14-12. SMmak 
Carofenog* trt Oxford 51-36 
Cambrian* bt Oxford 7-3. Far 
2«-3. Jodo: Odor 
Oxford hr 


Paul ahoaHne: Orriord trt uamsrxwj. 
Weneic So rtyn xig (at EsBsTflfc Oxford bt 
Csmandp*. 33-7_foia> pete Oxford br 

Cambrtoq# 11-3. Tam® tMaxCamondga bt 

GW**?* tt-SSn 

!M. 4wte Oxford tXi53ErMoe2i 

Vofleybafc Orfcxd bt C^njxidQa 3-T * A B Sat- 

DtVISiON B: Robinson bpd tfowntam ft 
jesus 11 bpd COAT, Corpus 
CMsB/Psiarfxwse bpd OMABC. Pee»- 
brake tod ChunSril D; Jesus Hi bpd New 
Han U. Emmanuel H bpd Seiwyn ft 

WWIteon bpd Christ's tt 
DIVISION ttk LMBC 0 bod Addan- 
broohes. Queens It bpd Downinq H: 
LMBC ui bpd St Catharine's ii;THMMHa> 
D bpd Ngwnham BL Homenon If tod 
NewnhamlV GWpnBbpdNwHaum 


TUM lac hwame uu m i o uK j. uas Swtoar- 
BtxJ, 9® nwa, L'CWe £gr JBeft 1JJ63 
mas. 3. AOanW Rrmteer (USL 1.082 mm, 
4 Drum (UK). T1C8 rates. 5. uon Now 

rWinn dhrislon 

® tock POrtv Torquay. 

Tranmane v Southend 

lawn tennis 


Lealuai to .move 

• Jamw i.^i . . . 

1 L'Espnrtf B*itw£t*LtaMty ml Law 
(Haiti). 3. Rucanof Ttiawgaft 4. Ptops 
Inmmdoi'iNailft. S. Faaar FU&nd 

Lcoluat - ihcNcw Zea- 
foternauanai centre, has 
esnJJE? 1 5“ tiie transfer list at 
wu .000 after foihne to agree a 
ne w contract with7?u(I 


v-H in/. 

-**u \ 


J ^ J 

yc i 

- , 


"•’■-.V. ■■-■■••"■•. ■ THE TIMES FRIDAY MARCH 7 


as difficulties 
mount on home front 

. ^ tHar ? Jones, Football Correspondent 

abroad putting «?S >W faave not reached a remedial exercises to strength- 
touches lb iris . plans for^the ^ Usfi - clory amclusiotu ■ en the rausdes and ligaments 
summer, the preparations of Evcn **fore-B/yan Robson that he damaged. Manchester 
his World Cup squad l «ve aw a specialist yesterday, h .United still hope that he will 
begun to fell apart at homl . wasciear that he could not ™rn before May. 

England's manager nnw «SP« to be available, until J™ McGregor, the physio- 
fehows that he wilTbe unable - ^ 06x1 international, -therapist, cfemed that ^ say 
to select his sfrongestS- gainst Scotland at Wembley that he- will be. out for therest 
until at least May ifaarinS on 21 Even if he Of the season is a Uttle 

Guadalajara in Los Angeles: J 1EC0 '^ TS .- physically . from his 

Even that dismal prospect is ? le ? m J®y» mental wTl 
wrapped in optimtsimTfte SS? 1 ** 1 ®! probably .perns! 
demands of the domestic pro- ' k u f e .^ land P 2 ^ 25 

demands of the domestic pro- 
gramme have begun so ludi- 
crously heavily that England 
are likely to go into their 
opening appearance on the 
Mexican stage, in Monterrey 
against Portugal 18 days later , 
either below ftilT strength or 
without the benefit of a genu- 
ine dress rehearsaL 
The lone remaining practice 
maich oF any significance, 
against the Soviet Union in 
Tbilisi on March 26, may yet 
be taken off the already limit- 
ed, schedule. Negotiations to 
avoid the unacceptable neces- 

have left for their t raini ng 
camp in Colorado. 

In the last five months 
. Robson has stumbled from 
one setback to another and 
completed only two games. 
The thought that he will not 
saner again, particularly in the 
beat, at the altitude and on the 
relatively unforgiving surfaces 
in Mexico, is unrealistic. " 

The right shoulder that he 
dislocated for the second time 
in the opening minutes at 
Upton Park on Wednesaday 

ot toe season is a uttie 
premature'*. Bobby Robson 
win grasp wfllingly at those 
encouraging words, but he 
must fear that a similar fate 
could befell other members of 
his World Cup squad ■ 

■ Gary Stevens, for example, 
missed his first game of the 
season for . Everton on Tues- 
day because of a swollen knee. 
He. loo. has seen a specialist 
and was told that he must wait 
until the excess fluid has gone 
before knowing when be can 

Wright was another En- 
gland international to feil to 
fiaish a game on Wedcnesday. 
Concussed, he was taken off 
17 minutes into South- 

a «?2i2L^ a ^2 bteneoe ?" -3® remain in a sling fora ampton's FA* Cup fifth 
sity of making the detour -via fortnight. He will then begin replay at MilhvaJI. 

By atre White 

The player who was initially, can pop 
if . unintentionally, responsible a forme 
fox - the plight which Bryan sahttlu 
Robson and England, not to der pir 
mention Manchester United, . tighten 
find themselves in after Robson lems. 
dislocated hfs shoulder again on Mari 
Wednesday,, strongly advises pool * 
the inspirational leader of rfgh injury 1 
and corahry to haw Che shoulder premati 
operated. npon immediately [f be Europe 

can pop out anytime.'* McGrath, 
a former England youth player, 
said that since having the shoul- 
der pinned and the . ligaments 
tightened be has had no prob- 

Mark Law-reason, the Liver- 
pool defender, bad the same 
injury last season, and when be 
prematurely returned for the' 
European Cnp final a gainst 

wants to play in the World Cap Joventns the shoulder went 

finals in three montits’s tune: 

Lloyd McGrath, a midfield 
player - with Coventry City, 
should know: be dislocated his 
shoulder three times in 12 
months. By coincidence, he was 
the player who was challenging 
Robson when the United captain 

aga i n within minutes. He had 
the operation In the summer and 
has suffered no untoward re- 
action since. 

Robson's history of injuries 
date hack to his days as a youth 
player with West Bromwich 
Albion when he brake his right 

Almost half of the probable 
party will be involved in 
potentially tempestuous Cup 
ties this weekend. Wright, if he 
is passed fit. and Shilton wifi 
be in Southampton's line-up 
for the local derby at Brighton. 
Martin, if not Bailey, wifi 
appear in .the telvised replay 
between Manchester United 
and West Ham United. 

Steven, Reid, Lineker, 
Bracewell and possibly Ste- 
vens are to carry Everton’s 
ambitions on Luton Town's 
artificial pitch at Kenilworth 
Road. Beyond the immediate 
horizon, Bobby Robson can 
see his chosen men playing 
two Canon league fixtures a 
week. At least his namesake 
has been spared that ordeal. 

careered over .die advertising leg three times in one season, 
hoardings and dislocated his Since then, though, he had been 

shoulder the first time in a 
League match last January. 
McGrath said yesterday: i 
wish 1*4 had it done immedi- 
ately. After the first tone they 

relatively free of. injury imtii 
January of last year. Below is a 
table of the physical misfortunes 
which have befallen England's 
plucky hero. 

No forward thinking 


Aug 1976 
Oct 1976 
Jan 1977 
Apr 1984 
Jan 1985 
Oct 1985 
Nov .1985 
Nov 1985 
Feb 1986 
Mar 1988 

INJURY (opponents) ABSENCE 

Broken fight lag _ - B weeks 

Broken right leg (Preston Res) — ; - 

Broken right leg (Man Cttyfr — * : 

Caff injury (9rnjncgham) — — — — 4 weeks 

Dislocated shoulder (Coventry) 9 weeks 

Hams trin g injury (Turkey) — . — .4 weeks 

Hamstring AecunarBoHShetf Wet& ———,..3 >yeeks 

'CaVhiury (framing) J «... 8 weeks 

Ankfe Injiy (WesiHam) 4 weeks 

OMocwted shoulder (WestHam) ? 



By HngbTaytor 

Aberdeen’s lifeline lo the 
European Cup semi-final may 
seem ominously slender- bill 
their manager. Alex Ferguson, 
was surprisingly confident yes- 
terday after a disappointing 
display in a 2-2 draw with the 
husky Swedes of Gotcborg that 
the Scottish champions could 
win the away leg of the quarter- 
final tie. • . , 

Certainly, it is unlikely that 
Aberdeen can play as badly as 
they thd at Phtodric. They were 
outplayed for long periods, and 
even more distressing to their 
supporters was the sight of the 
Scots being made to look like 
psgmics by a team whose small- 
est player was their goalkeeper, 
who is 5ft 1 1 in. 

If it had not been for a 
brilliant display by foe reserve 
goalkeeper. Gunn. Aberdeen 
would have suffered a humiliat- 
ing defeat. Ferguson said: "We 

Great start 
for the 

It is not often that a Finnish 
team acheives any kind of 
prominence in European com- 
petition. but in . Wednesday 
night's quarter-final lira leg- 
matches. Kuusyi Lahti forced a 
remarkable away draw in tne 
Champions' Cup: 04? against 
Stoma Bucharest in Romania- 

Even the redoubtable Bayern 
Munich could learn something 
of ihe art of applied concentra- 
tion from the Finns. They were 
leading the Belgian champions. 
AoderlechL 2-0; but carelessness 
allowed their opponents to score 
an away goal which coaid prove 

In the Cup Winners* Cup. the 
tie between DuUa Prague and 
Benfica is evenly balanced after 
the Czechoslovak si* acfceivoa 
a 1 *0 home win ttanksto a Fir*- 
half goal by LobroY 'SjF*: 
ish side, Atlfcifeo Madrid, gained 
a more decisive advance, 
defeating Red Star Belgrade -•*> 
in VugoslavTa- 

In the UEFA Cup. foe otlw 
Madrid si*. Rod. *‘ n “gj 
relaxed after tbrir ( comfortable 
3«0 win over Neucbatd Xamax. 
of Switzerland. ReaL foe Cop 
holders, wifi mom «*»» »»» 
renewed appetite to tbeir 
domestic league progaaw*^ 

in this weekends lialtzn 
league games. 
had an impressive 3-ti 
Cop wm o»er foeir Fr ^dJ 
visitors. Names, ptaj W 
toFiercmitia.- Inter are srxift m 

horeS 3 ^e pto *** 

sxond-pUccd Roma, wiling 
able to count w 
ntulfield placer. Stow*.* 00 
injured ha km* 

AC Milan, -bo are 
hope that foe Engird 

Hndey. w,l! i* w ® i %£ 
against Pisa after an operaiiwt 
to remove bb; lonwis- 

can still do it and there is no 
doubt that we will play better. 
Recent results in Europe show 
that teams are now doing much 
better away from home and we 
believe we can secure victory in 
a city which is dear to Aberdeen 
hearts. After all, h was in 
Goteborg that we achieved our 
greatest success in winning the 
European Cup Winners* Cup.” 

What encourages Ferguson is 
the belief that their opponents 
will not sit back. “They like to 
attack and, to be honest, there 
was a touch of amateurism 
about their play here for they 
refused to waste time. That’s a 
compliment but I .feel their 
idealistic style will provide us 
with opportunities to score.” 

It is to be hoped that the 
Aberdeen supporters wrtio travel, 
to Sweden will give their side 
greater encouragement than at 

If Italian footballers could 
establish in early life a more 
balanced relationship with their 
inrfnigwtf mii fhpre, the burden of 
which seems to leave them 
simultaneously rain and in- 
secure, they would probably be 
without rivals in the world of 
. football, not excluding the Sooth 

Against Barcelona In the 
European Cup on Wednesday 
.night, ; Juvehtus" exhibited an 
extraordinary contradiction be- 
tween athletic grace and moral 

Desmond Morris, In his 
rather contrived identification 
between footballers and animal 
behaviour, has likened the game 
to the primitive hunt, though 
this makes no allowance for the 
phenomenon of- defending the 
goaL Other scientists, however, 
analysing behaviour in games, 
and particularly in football, 
consider that in the scoring of a 
goal, and likewise the protection 
of the net, there is a sexually 
orientated psyche. The same 
colloquial terms, after all. are 
nsed’to describe both activities, 
and sport reflects all shades of 
oar personalities. 

If we accept this analogy, and 
leaving aside for the moment 
other motivational forces such 
as commercial gain, then the 
Italian footballer carries the 
debilitating conflict of a deeply 
divided character between the 
wish to remain mtdefiled, by fair 
means and often by find, and the 
desire for conquest, with ail the 
excess of emotional triumph 
which that liberates in both 
player and spectator. 

The refusal by Javentus to 

From David Miller, Barcelona 

attack in strength was in- 
comprehensible. Technically su- 
perior. and playing against a 
Barcelona team which was with- 
out five internationals, had two 
players less than - fit and 
additionally suffered two muscle 
injuries daring the match. 
Joventns Licked the courage to 
go for the victory which was 
theirs for the taking. 

For all their brilliance, for all 
the creative skill of Their two 
foreigners, Platini and Laodrup, 
they played with the nervous 
disposition of chaperones guard- 
ing a 15-year-old in Paris in the 
Nineties. And still they lost their 

It was revealing to watch the 
two teams the evening before the 
match. Joventns arrived at the 
Princesa Sofia Hotel, a stone’s 
throw from the Non Camp 
stadium in a well-heeled suburb 
where the previous day the rush 
hour traffic had been baited by 
demonstrating anti-Nato stu- 
dents. and sauntered about the 
lobby and lounges like cham- 
pions in the ring at Crofts, 
preening and pampered. 

Across the road, at their 
small, informal hotel in the 
Capita Arenas, free of the horde 
of media and sychophants. the 
Barcelona team were as relaxed, 
calm and unse If conscious as the 
Brazilians are when in a con- 
fident mood. You would never 
have known that, in the quarter- 
final of only the second appear- 
ance by the club in the European 
Cup in 26 years, they were rent 
by injuries and seemingly hope- 
lessly weakened for this critical 
encounter on which rested the 
emotions of Catalonia. 

A match with much at stake 

Non-League football by Paul Newman 

Sutton United entertain Yeo- 
vil Town tomorrow in a match 
likely to have a crucial bearing 
oo the destination of- the 
Vauxhall-Opel League champ- 
ionship. Yeovil are sax points 
clear at the top of the premier 
division table and eight ahead of 
Sutton, who with three games in 
hand ore their most serious 
challengers for the title. 

The recent bad weather has 
greatly helped Yeovil's cause. 
Before Christmas. Sutton led the 
table bv six points, but since 
then have played only four 
league games. Yeovil, who have 
not had a home game postponed 
this winter, have played eight 
league matches over foe same 
penod. winning seven and 

drawing the other. 

Gary Grow, Yeovil's player- 
manager. said: “Some would say 
we’ve been lucky, but I put it 
down to all the hard work we ve 
done on foe pitch- We knew how 
important it was to get games 
plaved and ! believe other clubs 
couid have played more iffoey 
had put m the same .effort.” 

Tomorrow’s game is likely to 
be watched by Sutton's biggest 
crowd for several years. Al- 
though the Surrey dub’s gates 
are sliditly down this season to 
zn average of about 400. Yeovd 
expect to bung at least 500 

supporters, which would ensure 
a gate of more than 1.000. 
Yeovil are easily the best sup- 
ported club in non-League foot- 
ball, their last two home games 
having been watched by crowds 
of 2.049 and 1.770. 

The Somerset club have made 
frequent ventures into the trans- 
fer market and last month paid 
Dulwich Hamlet £5,000 for 
Alan Pardew. a midfield player. 
Gow dropped himself last week 
to give Pardew his debut, but the 
player-manager will return to- 
morrow in place of Tom 
Ritchie, his former Bristol City 
colleague, as Yeovil seek to 
extend their unbeaten league 
run lo 21 matches. Sutton have 
gone 14 league games without 

Yeovil are hoping to win 
promotion back to the Gola 
League at the first attempt, but 
to do so they will almost 
certainly have to finish above 
Sutton, who declined foe chance 
of promotion last season but are 
unlikely to do so again. . 

Sutton did not consider them- 
selves ready for Gola League 
football last year, bm would 
now probably lake the plunge as 
they have been making consid- 
erable progress off the pitch. 
They are in the process of taking 
over the tease of their ground 

5ET brid al tail 500 over lea* of ! 


mScj; SowS 1 ! 

Tjyoam Kiev DuSn ftagua 1, Bento . 

PMflUl. Bento. 

SicwSte-Wi, iwtef 


Sjpw o pwi «»d, second -irar 

St Vale 1: PeWt’Orouf? 1 2* 

SUSThw* 1:So3SndU»«12. 


SCOTTISH CUP: Fourth nwn* Ato 
Aihimc 1. MomenveH 2. Fourth round 

^Vt^^ST DJVlSote Dyde 3^EB?t 
Fife 4; CXsubanon 2. Ayr United ft Facto 
TTnstte i. AntesonisB 0. Poatpeneft 
Brsdwi Cry v Montrose. 

uun D ea tti 0. DcntermUne Athlete 1; East 
strtna 1, Si Johnstone 3; Meedowbwk 
ThisUeO.HsjBT Rogers 3. ^ , , 

HuactarsfeU 1. Hun 1. Seco n d tMm 
Doncaster 3L Wrt waiMffln t c n 1; Rotft- 
ertigm 3. Brautort City ft Steta 1, Bolton 
3; York 1. Scumhoipe 2. 


CLUB HATCHES: Aberawn 22. Aber- 
vBery3; (Word unkarahy 36. Oxfordsive 
8; Moeatey ZA Nuneasn 1 

FIRST DtVdOffc Sattord 15. KUI 1£ 
FeaJheracos 21. Casttatord s. 

from the local council and will 
spend £30.000 on improve- 
ments before the start of next 

Yeovil and Sutton have met 
only once before, Sutton win- 
ning 4-2 at Yeovil in the FA 
Trophy three years ago. They 
meet again in the league at 
Yeovil next month. 

• Leek Town (North West 
Counties League) and Wycombe 
Wanderers (Gola League) will 
make a third attempt to settle 
their FA Trophy third round tie 
at Worcester on Monday night. 
The two teams drew 5-5 at Leek 
on Tuesday in a thrilling replay 
watched by a crowd of 1.081, 
Leek’s highest for 10 years. 
Leek, who came from behind 
four times, led 4-3 before Wyc- 
ombe equalized after 85 min- 
utes to take the game into extra 
time. - 

• Andy Mulch. Soatbport’s 
leading goalscorcr, has joined 
Wolverhampton Wanderers for 
a fee of £5,000. The Multipart 
League club will receive further 
payments up to a total of £5.000 
depending on the former 
Everton player’s progress. 

• Graham Yates. Emgstontan’s 
long-serving goalkeeper, has re- 
tired because of a knee injury 
su ffered' in .October. 

Sexton squad 
loses three 

Three more players have 
withdrawn from the England 
squad for the European Under- 
21 championship quarter-final 
in Denmark next Wednesday. 
Conee and Dickens, of West 
Ham, will be needed by their 
dub for either an FA Cup tie ora 
home League game against 
Newcastle: and foe Ipswich 
defender, Ian Cranson, is re- 
quired for a League match. 

.There are now only seven 
survivors from Dave Sexton's 
original 1 8-strong squad and 
more could be withdrawn as 
clubs rearrange League fixtures 
to dear their backlog. 

Not the feast achievement by 
Terry Venables has been to 
reduce the emotion in his squad, 
lo establish a practical and 
integrated team spirit which has 
been able to override the set- 
backs of the dispute with 
Schuster and injuries over the 
season to Archibald, Marcos, 
Rojo. Caldere. Clos and Ale- 
sanco. Barcelona’s victory in 
Wednesday's first leg. with an 
83rd minute goal by their left 
back Julio Alberto — who had 
been switched to midfield after 
first-half muscle injuries to 
Esteban and Carrasco, now both 
added worries for the second leg 
— was truly remarkable. 

“It's hard to believe, isn’t it?" 
Yenables's assistant. Alan Har- 
ris. says. -Juventus have so 
much ability. !*d seen them three 
times in three weeks, and they 
have so much to offer, bat they 
just win not go forward. They 
wouldn’t e»en do ir against 
Atalanta. a weak Italian clnb, so 
we knew what they’d be like 

-With all oar problems, this 
was a fantastic result. If the 
match was about gats, then we 
gave more. Javentus are marvel- 
lous to watch: their defenders 
have so much skill, playing out 
of tight situations, bat if a 
defender moves forward, some- 
one else immediately drops 

It is strange indeed to be so 
gifted yet so preoccupied with 
Tear. With Joventns now need- 
ing two goals in Turin, it is going 
to be another fascinating duel; so 
long as Venables can gel half a 
team out on the pitch. 




The League leaders. Everton. 
have been denied seats at Luton 
for foe FA Cup quarter-final 
tomorrow. Luton banned oppo- 
sition supporters from foeir 
seating areas after trouble at a 
Cup tie earlier this season 
against Bristol Rovers. The 
Luton secretary. Graham Mack- 
rell. said: “Everton are not too 
happy with our decision. The 1 
FA have approved it and there , 
will be room for 8.000 Everton 
fans on the open terrace, which 
will be solely for their use.” 

The Ererion secretary. Jim 
Greenwood, was dissatisfied' 
with the decision, particularly 
because Everton supporters 
have no reputation for hooligan- 
ism. “We have made our feel- 
ings known lo Luton and foe 
FA." he said. 

• London is to have a six-a-side 
indoor competition, supported 
by LBC Radio, at Wembley 
Stadium on April 2. Manchester 
is expected to follow soon with a 
northern competition, and with 
Midland clubs already involved 
in an annual competition, a 
national final could be staged 
next season. 

• The holders. Wigan, will visit 
Scunthorpe or Port Vale in foe 
northern area semi-finals of the 
Freight Rover Trophy. 

DRAW; Sem-feato: Northern section; 

Scunthorpe or Port Vale V Wigan; Don- 
caster or Bvrky or Darlington or M*ns- 
bukt or Notts County ih Bolton or 
Tranmere. Southern section: Bristol Qfy 
or Colchester or Northampton or South- 
end » GHmcham: Bournemouth or Orient 
or Reading or Bristol Rovers or Hereford 
or Swindon v Swansea. 

• The England schoolboys side 
that defeated Northern Ireland 
6-0 last month will play the 
Netherlands at Wembley Sta- 
dium tomorrow. 

TEAM: M JonMns [Spwmome}; J Han 
[WaBham Forest 1. P Hasten (Southamp- 
ton). D Duffy (South Brnnfflgftam}. - 
DonaeOy (North Kent), R Thomw (Har- 
row). C StnaS (Stockport), u Bteka 
(Nattmgnam). S Murrmy (NswcastJa on 
Tyno, capti. M Parrott (Stroud). 


Holdstock hard to replace 
both on and off the field 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Michael Harrison. Wake- 
field's wing against Nottingham 
in tbeir fourth-round John 
Player Special Cup match to- 
morrow, had to wait until he 
was 29 before playing for En- 
gland. Sieve Holdstock. his 
opponent tomorrow, is unlikely 
to achieve foe same status 
despite coming dose to a full 
cap during the last five years. 

Holdstock. now aged 28. will 
be leaving Nottingham in the 
middle orthis month to work in 
Sydney, Australia, following in 
foe footsteps of Clive Wood- 
ward. foe former England centre 
employed by the same com- 
pany. Rank Xerox. The cup 
match — begging the pardon of 
London Scottish, who are 
Nottingham's scheduled oppo- 
nents at Beeston next week — 
will be the last big club occasion 
for the right wing who has 
scored many tries for Notting- 

He joined them from Toothfil 
Comprehensive School at Bing- 

ham in Nottinghamshire and 
remained with them despite 
Leicester attracting overwhelm- 
ing' attention for their back play. 
His loyalty has helped Notting- 
ham to a position as one of foe 
country's leading eight clubs 
and his ability brought him 
representative honours at un- 
der-23 and B team levels as well 
as a place on England's senior 
tour to Canada and foe United 
States in 1982. 

He also represented the 
Barbarians and played for the 
winning Midlands teams against 
foe I9SI Australians, the 1982 
Fijians and the 1982 New 
Zealanders, against whom he 
scored a try. Last season, as in 
seasons past he was Nott- 
ingham's leading tty scorer, this 
time with 21. 

Holdstock is a solidly built 
six-footer, whose greatest assets 
are his strength and timing. He 
has a leading role in some of 
Nottingham's set-piece moves 
and it has been his misfortune 

Young masters of 
Christ College 

Schools rngby by Michael Stevenson 

Unfortunate: Robson has completed only two games in the 
last five months (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

Kim Norketu foe former Dur- 
ham University and Durham 
scrum half, was a wholehearted 
performer and now he is an 
enthusiastic coach. His delight 
at the success of a junior side at 
Christ College; Brecon, where 
he is masier-in-chaige of rugby, 
is apparent when he writes: 
“Christ's, Brecon, has only 290 
boys and for such a small school 
Ihe under-14 colts' record is 

“They finished the season 
unbeaten under the skilful 
coaching of David Cherry. Colin 
KJeiscr and Malcolm Cousins, 
developing into a most potent 
attacking force, with two players 
of outstanding ability and 
potential in M Roderick (senim 
half) and R Harvey (No 8).” 
Their record speaks for itself: 
played 15. won 15. points for 
532. points against 34. 

It is hoped that the oft- 
postponed England 18 and 16 
group trials will be held this 
weekend. Time is desperately 
short before the internationals. 
The 18 group hope to play their 
regional trials in the Exeter area, 
where the ravages of the weather 
have been less violent than 
elsewhere: the 16 group hope to 
play two games at Cambrai 
Barracks. Catterick (South East 
v South West tomorrow and 
Midlands v North on Sunday). 
The final trial is scheduled fora 
week later. 

One way to beat the big freeze 
was a half-term tour to (margin- 
ally) warmer climes. Hardye’s 
School (Dorchester) visited the 
Dordogne area, playing three 
matches against Aigentat Ju- 
niors and winning I SI 1; against 
Lvcee Arsonval. whom they 
defeated 22-6: and one of foe 
’strongest French schools. Lycee 
Georges Cabanis. to whom they 
lost 1 2-0. Hardve's would have 

had foe chance of revenge when 
Cabanis returned their visit 
recently but all three games 
arrangtto fell victim to foe 

Three Yorkshire schools also 
spread their wings: Leeds GS 
went to Padua in Italy for five 
days, losing narrowly ( 1 3-10) to 
Excelsior, foe top team in the 
Padua area, and beating the 
Padua University under- 1 9 side 
(7-4). Their other match was 
cancelled owing to flooding. 
They have had. by their stan- 
dards, an ordinary season, win- 
ning seven and losing 10 
matches, but a strong under- 16 
colts side suggests that they will 
fare much better next season. 

Queen Elizabeth GS, Wake- 
field, toured Portugal in mid- 
February, losing to a Lisbon 
Select containing 13 inter- 
nationals (19-24). then beating 
Coimbra (32-0) and foe colts 
champions of Portugal, Direno 
(21-8). Injuries have affected 
QEGS*s overall showing but 
since casualties have returned to 
the side they have been un- 
beaten. defeating Norman ton 
(36-0). Harrogate GS (19-9). 
Silcoates (26-0) ami Cowley (29- 

Hymer’s College. Hull en- 
joyed a pleasant tour after a 
rather disappointing season. 
Like QEGS they went to Por- 
tugal. meeting welf-drilled but 
defensively naive sides, all three 
of whom they beat: San Miguel 
(24-1). Portugal Undcr-I7s (26- 
9) and Benfica Juniors (22-0). 

Jim Henderson, master-in- 
chargc. attributes Hymer's prob- 
lems to poor defence, especially 
close to the line: but he has been 
encouraged by the style of rugby 
that they have played even in 
defeat, which he believes. “ has 
won us many friends.” 


that England had John Carteton 
to turn to at a time when 
Holdstock was challenging for 
the right-wing position. His 1 
place at the dub, both on and off 
the field, will be hard lo fill and 
leaves Nottingham looking fora 
suitable replacement. 

His brother David, who plays 
on foe left wing, will miss the 
cup match because of a broken 
wrist. His place. goes to Glenn 
while Thomley dimes into the 
back row in place of Hughes, 
who is playing for the Royal 
Navy against the Army at 

• The final of the British Poly- 
technics Cup competition will 
be held at London Irish's 
ground next Wednesday be- 
tween Kingston and Leeds. 
Kingston, winners in 19S4. beat 
Leicester 17-0 in foe semi-finals, 
helped by two tries from Martin 
Jones, their prop forward. 
Leeds, whose only win in ihe 
competition was in 1974. beat 
South Bank 29-10 after extra 




By David Hands 

The Army Rugby Union, with 
a sense of timing any self- 
respecting general would envy, 
have finally produced The His- 
tory of A rmy Rugby on foe eve of 
ttteir first match of this season’s 
imer-services championship ag- 
ainst the Royal Navy at Twick- 
enham tommorrow. It is a 
success not without cost: three 
authors and a brigadier have 
died during its production. 

It is an intriguing fact that the 
Guards and the Cavalry played 
a form of rugby football in 1855 
at Balaclava during the Crimean 
War. Maybe some of Florence 
Nightingale's patients were not 
the result of Russian bullets. 

There is a delightful tale. too. 
of “Dreadnought” Harrison, 
who played for both foe Army 
and the Navy because he was a 
marine. He would have been at 
home today. When he captained 
the Navy against the Army in 
1909 in what was obviously a 
full-blooded affair, the Army 
captain complained afterwards: 
“We thought we were playing 
against a team of gentlemen.” 
Harrison is alleged to have 
replied: “We had no such silly 

If sen ices rugby has declined 
in status over foe last generation 
no one should doubt the 
continuing value of its provision 
of team sports, assisted by 
generous sponsors such as Slew- 
art Wrightson. the insurance 
firm for whose trophy to- 
morrow's match is played. A 
limited edition of l .000 copies 
has been printed, available from 
foe Army Rugby Union sec- 
retan- at AldershoL 

• T/ic History of the Army 
Ruttby L'nion. edited by John 
Me Loren (published by the 
Army RV. £12.95). 

Britain to see the best in the world 

British gymnastics followers 
will be treated to a spectacular 
display of world-class expertise 
by leading Soviet gymnasts at 
Wembley tomorrow and Sun- 
day. It is sponsored by the Daffy 

The delegation includes three 
world champions. Yuri Korolev 
captured the world crown in 
1981. only to lose it two years 
later to Dimitri Bilozerchev. 


title for 

By Paul Harrison 

Speedwell Rucanor. of Bristol, 
eventually handed Polonia foe 
Royal Bank League tide on a 
platter when they lost away to j 
Spark Crook Log at the week- 
end. Even though Polonia lived 
up to their reputation of strug- 
gling against the poorer teams in 
the league by also losing, to 
relegation candidates Poole 
OBC. Speedwell’s 3-1 failure 
made Polonia champions for 
foe second year running. 

Polonia then went through 
the formalities of a 50-minute, 
3*0 demolition of fellow 
Londoners. Malory, on Sunday. 
Polonia’s players did not Know 
they were already champions 
when they played Malory, as 
their coach. James Tytko, kept 
the news of Speedwell's defeat 
from them, telling than, in- 
stead. that they must win. His 
words had foe desired effect. 

Against Poole. Polonia won 
ihe first set but then allowed foe 
home side to take foe initiative. 
Tytko complained after the 
match: “I hope it is not a trend, 
but teams that are quite weak 
are rather unsporting on court. I 
don't ihink there is a place in 
British volleyball for aggressive 
behaviour and swearing through 
the net.” 

Now. as well as a place in the 
Super Bowl and £600 in prize- 
money. foe Poles can look 
forward to another joust in 
European competition next sea- 

Also celebrating are Spark, 
almost certain now to be the 
women's first division cham- 
pions. Victories over two of 
foeir closest rivals. Bradford 
Mythbreakers and Sale, mean 
they have only to win one more 

Spark arc also in the Royal 
Bank Cup final at Crystal Palace 
on May 1 1 . where they will meet 
Ashcombe, from Dorking. They 
may well end up with the 
double, but they will definitely 
lose their coach. Martin Bart 
says he will resign after the cup 
final, for personal reasons. 

By Peter Aykroyd 

When Bilozerchev was injured 
in a car accident jusi before the 
Montreal world championships 
last year Korolev won foe title 
for the second lime. 

The other two world cham- 
pions share foe overall women's 
title. They arc Elena 
Shushunova. of Leningrad, and 
Oksana Omelianchik. of Kiev, 
respectively the 1985 European 
champion and Soviet cham- 

pion. In Montreal they were 
expected to qualify with Natalia 
Yurchenko, a team colleague 
and world champion, for the 
individual final, for which only 
three can enter from each 
country. Both made mistakes in 
the previous team event, which 
counts in the individual com- 
petition. and had to give way to 
Yurchenko. Olga Mostepanova 
and Irina Baraksnova. 


Jones finds time 
for work and play 

By Jim Rail ton 

The late inclusion by Oxford 
of foe 26-year-old Australian 
international. Grahame Jones, 
just over three weeks before the 
Boat Race on March 29 
(3.15pm) opens up speculation. 
At foe beginning of the year. 
Jones, a Rhodes scholar, reading 
for a doctorate in clinical bio- 
chemistry. fell it “was in- 
conceivable to row and achieve 
at the same time academic 

But by Monday. Jones fel 1 bis 
work was up to expectations and 
by Tuesday he was back in a 
revamped Oxfoto boat as foe 
possible missing link in this 
year’s Oxford eight. A world 
finalist in coxed fours, he has 
been a member of the last three 
winning Oxford crews and was 
president in 1984 when Oxford 
broke the record. Last year he 
qualified for England (by res- 

Some inkling of Oxford's 
adjustment to their new 
arrangement will come when 
they defend foe Reading head of 
the river race on Saturday .To 
accommodate Jones. Oxford 
have had to drop the freshman. 
Anthony Ward, change over 
foeir giant Californian. Chris 
Clark from the no. 6 seat to foe 
no. 5 and move the president. 
Brace Philp. back to no. 3 with 
Mark Dunstan now occupying 
the bow seat. 

OXFORD (new hne-upk M fi Dunstan (St 
Chave s, Orpington and Worcester bow. 
G R Scr eatoo (Magdalen College Scnod 
ana Menoo). * B M PWp (Bryansion. 
Do wnaw. Cambndgfl and Worcester), D H 
M MacDonald (Momsson s Academy and 
Mansfield}. C H Oath (U rovers ry of 
CafifomiB and Unvorsdy). ’ Q R D Jones 
(University of Sydney and New College). G 
Livingston (Uroversrty ot California and 
Onetk ' A M S Thomas (Winchester and 
Pernoroke) stroke. A S Green (Hab- 
erdashers Aske's ana Christ Cturch) 



Eastern girls’ double 

By Joyce Whitehead 

Downham Market High Sch- 
ool. who had a double first in the 
East schools championship, are 
(he only school compering in 
both the under- 1 8 and under- 1 6 
sections of foe Barclays Bank 
National Schools champion- 
ships today at Barclays Bank 
Sports Club. Ealing. The repre- 
sentatives from the East will be 
kepi busy with four matches 
between iOam and 4pm. 

In foe under-I8 champion- 
ship Millficld. the West’s repre- 
sentatives. defend foeir tide 
against, among others. Prince 
Henry's High School. Evesham, 
who will have almost the same 
XI that earned them fourth 
place last year. With them are 
Merchant Taylors' Girls’ Sch- 
ool. Crosby, from the North, 
and Ranelagh School. Bracknell 

Newlands School, Maiden- 

head. who came fifth last year. 
Altrincham Girls' Grammar 
School. Charlton Park School, 
Cheltenham, and Queen Eliza- 
beth Grammar School. Ash- 
bourne. complete foe under-16 

The University match, post- 
poned last Saturday, will be 
played in foe University Parks. 
Oxford, tomorrow at 130. 

ton. capir. K Monks (Christ Clurcni. J 
Herron (Si Hilda s). E Steele (Somerville), 
F McConnell (University), N Clark (St 
Anne's). J Boom (Lady Margaret Hail). K 
Smaiman- Smith (£t HugrrsL pTanersnaw 
(St Hugh's). S Fullwve (Pembroke). L 
Sinister (Jesus). Sub: L Foufcs 

C&manne s. capr). J Scan- (Newnham). M 
AOen (Gvton). J Dmvrae (Queans'). L 
Gomans [Sidney Sussex). H Moors 
(Homsrtonj. A ONfiaJJ J3l Catnannes) C 
Curwn (Sefwyn). a Mins (Si Camanus s). 
J Moom (SeJwynt. C Gaskin (Si 
CaBianne's). Sim. A Jamas. 


Kelly keeps ahead 
despite summit 
spurt by Caritoux 

From John Wilcocksou, Avignon 

The 36th Paris-Ntfc race was 
won and lost two miles from the 
finish of the first pan or 
>esierda>'s fourth stage on the 
side of Mom Yentoux in Pro- 
vence. With the mountain road 
rising at 1 in 10. two fierce 
attacks were made. The first 
took the Swiss rider, Urs 
Zimmerman, clear to a fine 
second place, one minute be- 
hind Eric Van Lancker. of 
Belgium, the winner of Iasi 
year's Milk Race. 

The second acceleration came 
from Enc Cariioux. a specialist 
climber who lives at the foot of 
the Ventoux. Cariioux is a 
former team-mate of the race 
leader. Sean Kelly, who had 
been expecting the attack. He 
responded immediately but the 
American. Greg LeMond, who 
was hoping to challenge Kelly 
for overall victory, could not 

LeMond's legs buckled. He 
was passed b> two Frenchmen. 
Pascal Simon and Charly 
Mottet. and dropped back to a 
group led by his team colleague. 
Jean-Francois Bernard. Bernard 
was fighting back after punctur- 
ing just as the final, eight-mile 
climb began. 

By the finish. Kelly and 
Caritoux were 4i seconds ahead 
of LeMond. who now seems to 

(Fr). 1:37. 

STAGE 4B: Team -time Wat: 1. Peugeot. 
38m.n 59sec; 2. La Vio Owe. 37.18; 3. 
Kas. 37 35; 4. Ponasonc. 37.39. 
OVERALL: 1. KeHy. 20hr 07mm 1Bsec2. 
Simon, at 38 sec; 3. Timmerman, at 5Ssec: 
4. G LeMcmd (US), at fmn; 5. J Bernard 
IFr|. all .Dfl: 6. Monoc at 1 .23; 7. Canteux. 
at 1.25: 8. 1 Gaston (Sp). at i.33. 


Taking Notice of 
another protege 

By Srikumar Sen. Boxing Correspondent 

Before Frank Bruno's man- 
ager. Tmtv Lawless, left for Las 
Vegas to have talks with Tim 
Witherspoon, the World Boxing 
Association heavyweight cham- 
pion, the second ol his four 
heavyweights, Horace Notice, 
was setting out on his 
championship career. 

Notice will be challenging 
Hughroy Currie, of Catford. the 
British champion, at the Palace 
Lido. Isle of Man. on Saturday. 
April 12. The British Common- 
wealth title, which has been 
taken away from Trevor Ber- 
bick, of Canada, will also be at 

Heading the bill will be 
Britain's world rated light- 
welterweight. Terry Marsh. He 
will be defending his European 
title against Mohammed 
Kawoya. a Denmark-based 

Lawless is hoping that Notice, 
should he succeed against Cur- 
rie. will be able to take over 
from Bruno as European cham- 
pion if and when he gives up the 
title to concentrate on his world 

Notice, who has had only nine 
contests, said yesterday that 
Bruno's achievement was an 
inspiration to himself and the 
two other heavyweights at the 
Royal Oak Gym. Canning 
Town. Gary 1 Mason and Adrian- 

Marsh's opponent is a cousin 
of the former European and 
world light-heavyweight cham- 
pion. Ayub Kaluie. Kawoya has 
had only seven contests, live of 
them against Britons with the 
exception of Winston Spencer, 
against whom he had to retire in 
the fifth round with a cut eye: he 
beat the other four on points. 
While it should not prove more 
than a useful outing for Marsh, 
it is a hazardous bout in view of 
an imminent world title contest 
for the Basildon fireman. 

Frank Warren Promotions is 
being sponsored by the Isle of 
Man Tourist Board, who were 
so delighted with the last 
championship show there, when 
Prince Rodney defended his 
light-middleweight title, that 
they asked Warren to come back 
and put on another show. 

Witherspoon on trial 

Philadelphia (UFO — Tun 
Witherspoon, the World Boxing 
Association heavyweight cham- 
pion, will have a hearing today 
to explain why a drag test 
revealed traces of marijuana in 
his system. 

It was after Witherspoon had 
captured the WBA title from 
Tony Tubbs in January that 
marjjuana was found in a ding 
test Witherspoon has said he 
smoked one marijuana cigarette 
around Thanksgiving last Nov- 
ember. but experts said that 
would not explain the result of 
the drug test. 

J antes Binns, a Philadelphia 
lawyer and WBA counsel, who 
will conduct the hearing, will 
thensend a report to Alberto 
Aleman, chairman of the WBA 
championship committee. He 

determine whether Witherspoon 
should be stripped of his tide. 

“I have to find out what 
happened." Binns said. "I have 
to find out what we're going to 
do, if we’re going to disqualify 
hint or what?** Both Wither- 
spoon and Tubbs are expected to 
attend the bearing. 

poll other members to (US). 

Frank Bruno, who is hoping to 
challenge Witherspoon tor his 
title in June after beating Gerry 
Coe tree of South Africa with a 
first round knock-out at Wem- 
bley on Tuesday night, has been 
placed no. 6 in the World Boxing 
Council heavyweight rankings. 

RANKINGS: Champion, Pinkkm Thomas 
(US): N0.1 chaSengor. Travar Sort** 
(Canada); 2. PfflctuwH Dokoa (US); 3, M8i* 
W never (US); 4, Lorry Holme* (USK S, 
Tony Taras (US); S, Frank Bruno (GBh 7, 
Mitch e ll Green (US); 8. Dmey Bey (USk 
9- Eddie Gregg (US); 10. Mika Tyeon 


Shaab wins again 
as best stallion 

By Jenny MacArthur 

For the second year running 
Tim Le Grice’s Shaab. an 11- 
year-old bay by Busted out of 
CTiieftan Gin. was awarded the 

King George v Challenge Cup 
for the champion stallion at the 
National Light Hone Breeding 
Society's (HIS) thoroughbred 
Stallion Show held yesterday at 
Tattersalls Park Paddocks, 

Victory came after long delib- 
eration by the judges. Col. Dick 
Spencer and John Daniell be- 
tween Shaab. who was in train- 
ing for six seasons, and Louis 
Massarella’s seven-year-old 
Semang Hati by Nonoalco out 
of Sweet Sound, who eventually 
stood reserve. Both horses re- 
flect the judges' overall pref- 
erence yesterday for lightweight 
horses of quality. The problem 
facing the HIS is to ensure that 
there arc sufficient brood mares 
of substance so that the progeny 
of their premium stallions will 
make the showjumpers and 
competition horses of the fu- 

Oswald Webster's Saunter, 
twice the champion here when 
owned by Jimmy Snell, showed 
all his old sparkle when winning 
District Class 2 and then stand- 
ing third in the championship. 
The 15-year-old by Charlottes- 
ville out of Padelia took a year 
to settle with his new owner in 
Leicestershire, where he has 
been for three seasons. 

It was difficult to fault 
Mas5arella's Bohcmond. winner 
of the Audi Sport Young Stal- 
lion Championship, a class for 
newcomers to the HIS scheme 
and an important one because it 
signifies the future quality of 
stallions which the HIS after to 
the breeding industry. The five- 

winner of the Nonhem Dancer 
handicap at Epsom, feared and 
slipped over backwards. All was 
well and the six-year-old bay by 
Busted out of Miel finished 
second with Massarella’s power- 
ful-looking Another Hoarwithy, 
third. The latter, an unraced 
four-year-old by Hoarwithy out 
of Evette, was originally pulled . 
in first but. to the relief of his 
owner who has high expecta-i 
tions of Bohemond. the judges I 
then reversed the positions. 

Bohemond. who proved his 
fertility by covered eight mares | 
Iasi season, was bought 10: 
months ago from Denys Smith's 
yard near Bishop Auckland. 
Massarefia had not at first j 
wanted to go and see the horse 
but as it came from the same 
yard as Senang Hati he decided 
to go- “When I got there." he | 
said yesterday, “one look at him ! 
was enough. I wasn't going to 
leave that yard until 1 had 
bought him." Smith then had to 1 
get on the telephone and make 
some delicate negotiations with 
the horse's owner. Lord Lamb- 
ton. in Itoiy. 

The premium stallion scheme 
is given substantial financial 
support by the Levy Board, and 
yesterday some 60 stallions 
received a total of £67.200 cash 
premiums distributed through 
six district classes, with a further 
£16.850 in super premiums 
awarded to the top 14. 

RESULTS: king GMotga V Champion 
Chaflanga Cup: 1, TLm Gnce'B Shaab: Z 

L MassareSa s Senang Hati; 3. O Webster 
«d wg Saunter. Audi Span Young 
StaDkM Championship: 1 . L Massaralia's 
Bohemond; 2. M Sander's Prmce ot 
Peace: 3. L Massareiti's Another 
Hoarwithy. Henry Tudor Challenge Cop: 
1. G Nakfa Ooon Laet Z T Abrams 

year-old bay by Auction Ring 
out of Kaftan looked magnift- 

out of Kaftan looked magnifi- 
cent. his coat gleaming m the 
bright early morning sun which 
poured down on the parade ring. 
The sun, however, had made the 
grass slippery, and there was a 
n *f l y moment early in the class 
when Prince of Pace, a fanner 

Davenport happy 

Peter Davenport, the Notting- 
ham Forest forward, wants to 
stay with the club. Davenport 
has been linked with Manches- 
ter United and Liverpool and 
would cost about £600.000. 


ixiiJ. iiiiu-o i tdruvcU / A!7.00 


Burro ugh Hill Lad out of Cup Minister cannot 

have lost the chance he had of 
challenging Kelly. That role now 
falls upon Zimmerman and 
Caritoux. who will be favoured 
by a second summit finish today 
at Toulon. 

Yesterday. Van Lancker did 
well to hang on until the finish, 
despite enjoying a 16-minute 
lead half way through a solo 
break of 60 miles. The Belgian 
was allowed his freedom be- 
cause he bad accumulated a 
deficit of almost 14 minutes 
during the first three days of the 
750 mile race. 

In the afternoon's 20-mile 
team time trial from Carpentras 
to Avicnon. Kelly's Kas team 
finished third behind Simon’s 
Peugeot squad, and La Vie 
Claire force of LeMond and 
Bernard. The win enabled Si- 
mon to take over second place, 
but the 38 seconds that separate 
him from Kelly would appear to 
be an insurmountable hurdle. 
STAGE M: 1. E V Lancker (Bel). 3Jtr 
34tron 51 sec; 2. U Ztrmwman (5 wit], at 
1:01; 3. S Keflv (Ire). 1:36: A E Caritoux 
(Ft). 1 J6. 5. P Sunon (Fr). 1:36: 6, C Monet 

Burro ugh Hill Lad. ante- 
post favourite for next week's 
.Cheltenham Gold Cup. is out 
Of the race. His trainer, Jenny 
Pitman, said yesterday: "He 
has a small amount of heat in 
his olT-fore and will not run. 

"We have decided noi to 
risk him breaking down or 
getting injured — something 
which might happen ifhe-iook 
pan in the race. Ji was noi a 
difficult decision to make 
because we value the horse but 
obviously I'm disappointed. 

"We came close to running 
him last year but had to 
withdraw him and to have to 
pull him out again is heart- 
breaking. He had had two 
spells of leg trouble before he 
came to me so we have always 
had to nurse his legs and do 
some running repairs on 

Burrough Hill Lad was un- 
der a cloud earlier in the 
season but was promoted to 
favouritism for this year’s 
Gold Cup following an im- 

pressive return to winning 
form in the Gainsborough 
Chase at Sandown in Febru- 

The injury will keep 
Burrough Hill Lad off the 
course for the rest of this 
season so supporters who 
have backed him to defy 
weight in the Grand National 
at Ainiree next month will 
also lose their money. 

“We will rest him until later 
on in the year." Mrs Pitman 
said. “I don’t envisage - him 
being back on the course until 
January. He is still a very good 
horse and it is not worth 
risking him in the Gold Cup. 
He has a bit of mileage in him 

The immediate reaction 
from bookmakers was 10 
make Dawn Run the new 
favourite for the Toie-spon- 
sored event. Hills and 
Ladbrokes price the marc at 2- 
I while Corals offer I >S. Last 
year's winner, Forgive V 
Forget, is now second 
favourite at 4-1. 

John O'Neill was confirmed 
as Dawn Run's Gold Cup 
partner after schooling her 
over fences at Punchestown 
yesterday. O'Neill said he was 
delighted with the mare after 
the combination had gone 
more than two miles around 
the Kildare course, watched 
by her trainer. Paddy Mullins, 
and owner. Charmian Hill. 

Silver Ace 
best of 

Pipe’s trio 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Those who lay great store in a 
trainer sending runners far 
afield will note with i merest that 
Martin Pipe is launching a 
three-horse raid on Market 
Rosen this afternoon. And as the 
word from Somerset is that Pipe 
has been able to keep his horses 
on the move throughout the 
freeze. Conveyor Belle (2.15). 
Silver Ace (4.15) and KOcha 
Girl (4.45) certainly should not 
foil through lack of fitness. 

Just before the freeze. Pipe 
had four winners in one day — 
two at Wolverhampton and two 
at FontwelL So I believe that he 
is well worth following again. 
Kilcha Girt, one of that quartet, 
looks the one to beat in the 
Swinderby Novices' Hurdle but 
the nap goes on Silver Ace to 
maintain her improvement in 
the Waddingxon Conditional 
Jockeys' Handicap Chase. 

Bought in for 5.000 guineas 
after winning a seller by 30 
lengths at Wincamon in Janu- 
ary. she looks a cut above a 
plater. In addition, her rider. 
Jonathan Lower, is as good as 
you will find in fois bracket. 

At Catterick on Wednesday 
the victory of Fergy Foster 
pointed to Arthur Stephenson 
having his horses in good trim. 
Now 1 expect Newlife Connec- 
tion, who may have actually 
benefited from the break after a 
busy autumn, to endorse the 
point by winning the Bin brook 
Handicap Chase. 

Of most interest at Carlisle. ; 
though, will be the performance 
of last year's Grand National ! 
second. Mr Snugfit, in the 
Kendal Handicap Chase — a 
race he won 12 months ago. 

When he finished fifth behind 
The Thinker over today’s course 
and distance at the beginning of 
February, Mr Snugfit gave more 
than just a hint that he was 
beginning to run into form. 

Wexford results 

2.30 1. Won Honey (reserve) (20-1 y Z , 
AxxonChotca (8-1); 3. Rambling Gold (g- , 
1L Lucky Baioo (5-4 law). 15 ran NR: 
Donnda'S Pat Si Blue. 

3J)1 , Swttt Tate (14-1); 2. Lady Coombe 
(5-3 Fav); 3. CanxJw Bate (6-U.J5 ran. 

330 1. Sandy Hussar (12-1): 2. Leaoy 
Lady ttO-lfc 3. Ctonrodw Gazetu (i4-i|. 
CamWal's Over & Baflymuflsh (6-4 Jt- 
Favs). 9 ran. NR: Eadnsiown, Raven 

43 1. Lady Moartane (9-* Fav); Z 
QuKKdeal (4-1L 3. Gian <7-l).ii ran. 
NRiEatiestown. Raven River. 

430 1. Fatrogwi (9-4 Fav); 2, RomertKd 
(5-1). 3. Humcane Annie (20-1). 15 ran. NR; 
Local Tower 

5.0 1. 2. Paolo prune 
(10-1): 3. Danmara (7-21 Ross Fandango 
(5-2 Fav). 10 ran. 

Toevarro (7-fJ; 3. 
ran. NRJulmidc E 

1 5-4 Fav); 2. 
ter (20- 1 1 15 i 


Flying Ace has 
first fall 

Flying Ace fell for the first 
time in his illustrious career at 
the Berwickshire point-to-point ' 
on Wednesday when attempting 
(o qualify for the Audi final 
(Brian BecI writes). Doreen 
Calder was reluctant 10 blame 
the lake-oiT to the third fence 
but Flying Acc did appear to slip 
going into it. 

RESULTS: Hunt Flying Express Ad): 
Ar etc Owen. LadtaKFcaoti Hero. Open: 
Ohve Press. Ri» Open, dW t Only Ally. 
Res Open. Dtv lb Rebrona. Men, dw t 
Swalfham Mtin, <0v If: ffumnefrnoor. 

: it’s', I 



h.- • 

Burrough Hill Lad! who srili now have to wait another 
horse since L’Escargof (1970-71) to win the i 



; to become the first 
Cap twice 

Accompanied by Tony 
Mullins on the stable s Ainuee 
Grand National hope. Lan- 
tern Lodge. Dawn Run was 
always going well and went 
ahead three fences from home 
as the pace quickened 
Her trainer was pleased 
with the mare’s final workout 
over fences before next 
Thursday’s big event but 
stressed that the circum- 
stances at Cheltenham would 
be very different from 
yesterday's fairly sedate spin. 

Sandown abandoned 

The Grand Military meeting 
at Sandown tomorrow has been 
abandoned because there is still 
some frost in the ground. The 
derk of the coarse, Mark 
Kershaw, said yesterday; “The 
frost has not come out of the 
ground as fast as anticipated. 
We win hold another inspection 
(4pm today) to see if Saturday's 
meeting can go ahead. We are 
hopeful that with another day of 
good weather the course will be 





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Market Rasen selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Conveyor Belie. 2.45 Just Alick. 3.15 Half 
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HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,690:2m) (7) 

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50 TMURS CRFTJ FUzGaraW 10-4 S Taylor (7) 

7-2 KBcha GH1.-4-1 Miss Magnetism. 5-1 Buefc.Up, 8-1 Northern 

Hope. 8-1 Gatewood, Dusky RoyaL Rare Pleasure, 12-1 others. 

15-8 Just A**. 9-4 HK»nc House. 3-1 Handytad.8-1 Impany. 10- 
1 The Rafrigs, 14-1 others. 

HURDLE (£2,554:2m 4f)(15) 

03- fflStONVMOUSM Pipe 10-10.. 
301 TURlASmth 10-10 

PP1 APPlZWtHEtOO Chapman 1(H. . 


423 HM)RED(D)Ron Thompson 10-7 Jayne Thompson 

Course specialists 

0-3 SAVOffilflVSEM 

W Easwby 1(H) JJCTnS 

ES (Cjw VWianon «H) SJOtaA 
INESS(D)B Curtsy 1M DMwpt^ 


MY NAUTLUSI Campbefl 104) RCampbe# 

THARALEOS F Watson 10-0 — 

TRAWERSe G Richards 35 winners from 
1B8 runners, 18.6%: N Crump 10 tram 65, 
154V P McCain 7 Mom 49. 14 3% 
JOCWEYS: A Stnngar 9 winners from 49 
rides, 184%; N Doughty. 21 from 123. 
17.1V C Hawkins llfrom 83. 133%. 

an DEMON KWGJ Thorpe 1(M.- 

35 0 ALBANY VRTORJG Rowlands 10-0 — 

7-2 Jam Sovewwity. 4-1 Kindred. 5-1 Tun. 6-1 Sawir Wvra. 7-1 
Hah Asleep. 10-1 ChattoU's Dunce, Hwonymous. Apple Wine. 14-1 

I— MARKET RASEN TRAINERS M H Easlerby 21 winners 
- — from 68 runners, 24.4%; J Ffcraerala 29 

Bl 7-1 from 125. Z32V Denys Smith 8 from 41, 


JOCKEYS; J J 0*NeU 10 winners from 65 
rides. T5.4% (only one qualifier). 


(El ,763:2m 330 ydK13) 




11-13 N 

(£655:2m) (8 runners) 

6 010 MISS TALL! RWHano? 11-7 J Bartow 

7 -OP CARUNGFORD LOUGH G W Richards 11-1 J 


9 004 HERO WOLF RTJuctes 10-11 — 

10 . 144 DRGUtLLCrnNE(C-O)(BF)WDFtergnera104 JK 


11 30/ SWINGING TRIO® E Reiter 10-9 

12UO/ON* MOCKLERIOGZ R Mx<xi 7M S Storey 

13 PPO CAERNARVON UU)(B) G R Hannan 109 .. D Swm 
(4 0/ JU5TM THYME V Thompson 10-9 MR M Thonpson 

23 2PP 
25 ' 000 
29 -04 

29 00000/1- 
211 00- 

212 F00 

213 00/000-0 

2PP CHBPCHASE (OO) B E WUcmson 1 1-9 GHaiAw<4) 

000 ROMAN DUSK J I Charhon 11-4 R Earshaw 

-04 MOH DROP FS Storey KM BSlwey 

0/1- FLAGRANT FRIDAY (C Sj T A Cuthfcert 10-8 — 

00- LUCYLET Mrs G Revelfly 10-4 \ P l*vwi 

TOO SECRET LAKE (C-O) J 1 Chariton 10-4 AStrtnqer 

00-0 PINK PAHTHEH R HoUranead 10-3 IT 


217 040 VICTORY MORN [C-D1J E Dixon 10-0_. KDoofen 4 

219 - FOO LEGAL a*P8?Ofll M P Naughm 10-0 — 


4-1 PH* Panther. 5-1 Camre Attraction. 6-1 Legal Emperor; 
CMpchaae. 7-1 High Drop. 8-1 Bfcnd Bum. 10-1 Roman Dusk, 

3-1 Mbs TaK 7-2 Cartrgforfl Lough. 4-1 MicAalndcw. $-1 Dr 
GuflOHie. 8-1 Nero 12-1 Swinging Tno, 14-1 CaemJvon Lad. 
16-1 JuStm Thyme 

2.30 WIGTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div 1:685:2m 
330yd] (12) 

Carlisle selections 

By Mandarin 

10 Miss Talli. 2.30 Jesto. 3.0 Mr Snugfit 3,30 
Pink Panther. 4.0 Tullamarine. 4.30 Half 

01 FAROQH P Mcntefth 11-9 

D Nolan 

3 13 ^STOIBnjG FitzGerald U-9 RffLeery 

4 442 BEAKER M P Nauohton ii-t G BiaeSay 

13 P-P PRAjRlESUNSerWAStephaisortlMOOondeaf 

20 9 Tlffi RBOC JWRedfem 11-1 M Pepper 

21 00/ WAR WAR V Thompson 11-1 MR M Thorrmson Ml 

22 -OF BRO* TREASURE J G FmgarakJ 10-10 jaS 

24 0 C)gSS B OARD J Slotey 10-10 Mr C Shy 

28 * 000 KERSTBJJI N F Cnerp >D-i0 C Hawkins 

27 000 MOODY GIRL R Hosnsnead 10-10 JJ O'Ned 

29 0P0 FORTUNE FWOER R W Hartop 10-7 J Barlow 

33 fl) SNOW BABU D MottaS 10-7 KTwten 

6-4 Faoor. 9-4 Jesto, 5-1 Beaker. 6-1 Moody Gm. 12-1 Bra* 
Treasure. i-CTCtbsm 


g agaeosasL'iajsa 

(VP Capeflatterv RWHartop 11-5 ;_RCre* 

s gffflasc!;.ii8as 

SEAL MOON jyvRatfteS, 11^ OPteS 

11-4 Ebonraan, 3-1 Titonarine, 5-1 Mossy Cones, 7-1 Bonny 
Gold. 8-1 Cape Raaery. 10-1 Seal Moon, 12-1 Hna Steal, IB -1 Matte 

3.0 KENDAL HANDICAP CHASE (£1 .S2S;3mJ (1 1) 

4.30 WIGTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div 2: £685;2m 
330yd) (14) 

7 000 FRED ASTARE N F Crump 11-1 CHatMdns 

B DAYMAN D McCain 11-) KDooton4 

PPO MR SNUGFIT (C-D) M W Eastmby 12-7 ... PTuck 
DIP HARDY LAD (D) (BF) B E WJkaflSOn 11-10 BStemy 

DOOR STEP (OJJG FitzGerald 11-7 RffLeary 

0-3 BALLY-GO PS1J G FcGereld 11-4 NON-RUNNER 

Reed 4 

FCO SILENT VALLEY (FR) <D Jordan 10-11 GMarWi(7) 

414 SUCCEEDED (0) w A Stephenson 10-9 K Jones 

202 CHETEL (C-D) R firews 10-7 A Stringer 

322 BINGE (O J W Aynslev 10-2 — 

40- WnERMAN(D)SGPnyneiM JKtiSnone 

SPP TUCLESS FLIGHT B McLean 1M.._. R Eamshaw 

POP HETTY'S SWAN BEWNdnsanl 1-1 _ GKarfcw' (4) 

11 000 NBAIOCS CHOICE V Thompson 11-1 Mr M 


12 oao/mv ONE-EYED RELLYT A CnthUW 11-1 ..J — 

2-1 Chew. 3-1 Mr Snugta. 4-1 Succeeded. 6-1 Bnge, 8-1 Uwe 
raman, 10-1 Door Step 12-1 Omere 

15 Ml REELABOUTJ Storey 1M MrCSttrey7 

16 M SHOTWGOIRJoneall-1, — 

20 00/ THEICHUWG Reed 11-1 MrT Heed 4 

22 OF WONDEHNQTfflODMoHanir-1 KTeetan 

25 303 HA2EL BANK PMonKWl 10-10 — D Nolan 

SB -00 fHBBONS OP BLUE MPNawMon 10-10 GBradley 

31 . 000 EARTH WORKS QMMooalO-7 — M Hammond 

32 200 HALF BROTHER MWSastertjylM -PTuck 

W 000 ROBSMJ Berry 1 0-7 R Eamshaw 

7-4 Ribbons 01 Btue. 4-1 HoH Bratiw, 5-1 Hazel Bar*. 6-i Fred 
Aswre.B-i Roteifn. 12-1 Earthworks, 14-1 OtiWB - 

sue church 

D,rt«,P re sby tt rIattClmrch S'cSSTn^ 

£1*"^ • . pasiorMc for Ih« hctwfil of the 

Before Lord Keith of KinkeL memhm 

Lord Brandon of OakbrooJc. 
Lord Brighu&axi. Lord Temple- 
man and Lord Macfcay of 
Clasbfem •. 

[Speeches sold March 6) 

_A. minister of the Presbyicnau 
Church or Wales was not an 
. eoipJojce of the church and 
could not therefore brings claim 
for unfair dismissal Upon betas 
dismissed from his pastorate. 

The House of Lords so held in 
dismissing an appeal by the Rev' 
W. Colin Davies from the order 
of the Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice O'Connor, Lord Justice 
Brown e-Wiikmson and Sir Ed- 

chureb and its members. 

He became subject to dis- 
missal for d-tsoptinary reasons. 
He was employed by the church 
fall ihttc and in consideration 
Tor his serv ic es be became 
entitled » * stipend and to 
occupy a manse. 

He was not. it was submitted, 
an independent contractor 

perionnrng services because he 
was engaged fall time trader the 

general supervision of the 
church authority and subject to 
the control of a rota committee 
with regard to his activities on 

jiuihx uvuuuw, CiHuhvc 

Brow ne-Wilkins oD a^ S ir Ed- Su ^ y totdsIup cm^dcred i, 
1985 dianissing hre arooT&Dm 2nSmtd^»scrSil 

mem Appeal Tribunal which 
bad reversed a majority indus- 
trial tribunal decision that the 
appellant was employed under a 
contract of service. ' 

Mr Gareth Williams. QC and 
Mr David Lloyd Jones for the 
minister. Mr. Malcolm PiD. QC 
and Mr Richard A. Jones for the 

that the origins of the church 
had been traced to the Method- 
ist revival of the eighteenth 

The church was an unincor- 
porated body of persons who 
agreed to bear witness to the 
same religious faith and to. 
practise the same doctrinal prin- 
ciples by means of the organiza- 
tion and in the manner set forth 
in the constitutional deed. 

The present constitution was 
to be found in the book of order 
and rales published in 1978. 

The book of rules provided 

001 duties which were, exclu- 
sively spiritual. But in the 
present case the pastor of Die 
church could not point to any 
contract bet w e en . himself and 
the church. 

The book of roks did not 
contain terras of employment 
capable of being offered and- 
accepted in the course of a 
religious ceremony. The duties 
owed by the pastor 10 the church 
were not contractual or enforce- 

A pastor- was called and 
accepted the caJL He did not 
devote bis working fife but his 
whole life to the church and tats 
religion. His duties were defined 
and his activities wore dictated 
not by contract bat by con- 

He was a servant of God. If 
his manner of serving God was 
not acceptable to the church 

I** b * PBM-OWW' * 
imrirfrd brought end by the church 
The book of rules provided. - with the pro* 

"fund*"*!© v * sions ®f *h* book of roles. 

°° l « f a J The law would ensure that a 
which every church _under pas- __ ^ h« 

xoraJ care was required to pay 
annually, an< l to 6e allowed to 

If tomorrow's meeting does go 
ahead, the Horse and Hound 
Grand Military Gold Cup. 
which was doe to be nm today, 
will be the first race of an eight- 
race card at I.X5. Tomorrow's 
other meetings are at Ayr, 
Chepstow and Doncaster. 

Anthony Webber, injured in a 
fall at Nottingham on January 
21. retnnts to the saddle at 
Doncaster to partner Nickie 
Moppett in the Bawtry Handi- 
cap Chase. . 

ann uall y, sod to be allowed to 
occupy a manse vested in . the 
properties board but under foe 
management of the local church 
where it was situate. 

The appellant had been dis-. 
missed from his pastorale but 
remained an ordained minister 
of the church and entitled to 
preach in any local church. 

He applied to an industrial 
tribunal asserting that he had 
been employed by the Presby- 
terian Chinch of Wales as a 

The law would ensure that a 
pastor was hot deprived of his 
salaried pastorale save in ac- 
cordance with foe provisions of 
the book of rules but an indus- 
trial tribunal could not deter- 
-nune. whether a reasonable 
church would sever the link 
beroees minister and congrega- 

Until The appellant was de- 
prived of his pastorate in ac- 
cordance with the procedures 
laid down in the book of rules, 
he was entitled to &c paid his 
stipend out of foe income of the 

^ ^ a SStTJt ^ustentstioQ fundaod u> occupy 

( 8 ) 

3 710 NEWUFE CONfffiCTlONW/ A Stapheesan 11-fl— R- 

I Huh 

5 F3U GRWDERSE Carter 11-1 P ADarfion 

6 123 BLUE TARQUIH (B) (C4^J GRngamd 11-1 — M 


11 • . 03P SXEWS8Y (B) |BF)M W fasmby T0-7__ R Beggan 

IS 000 OUR BARA BOYMCfimnten 10-8 RBaBote{7) 


* O NM ■ 

20 1PU INKUNG (D)H Wlwrton 1(W) — . SYoMduofl) 

24 200 BURQLARS WALKDew/s Smith 15-0 ...SOwitton 

9-4 BkiB Tarqmn. 5-2 Tfre Last Prince. 7-2 Newtte CoonKtnn. 
11-2 inking. 8-1 Grmtos. 12-1 others. 

service and alleging that he had 
been unfairly dismissed. 

It was first submitted, on the 
authority of Edwards v Baimo» 
({1 956J AC 14) that the decision 
of the industrial tribunal that 
the appellant was employed 
under a contract of service was 
not susceptible 10 reversal by an 
appellate court because the tri- 
bunal instructed itself correctly 
as to the law, took into account 
all relevant circumstances and 
reached a condttsioo which was 

Thai submission confused 
fact and law. Edwards v 
Baihtcftv had ‘nothing to do with 
the present case. An appeal from 
the industrial tribunal was ex- 
pressly conferred by statute on a 
question oflaw. 

The question to be deter- 
mined was a question of law, 
namely, whether upon the true 
construction of the boot of rules 
a pastor of the church was 
employed and was under a 
contract of service. 

If the industrial tribunal erred 
in deciding that- question, the 
decision had to be reversed and 
it mattered not that other indus- 
trial tribunals might have 
reached a similar erroneous 
conclusion in the absence of an 
authoritative decision by a 
higher court. 

It was then submitted that 
when he was appointed pastor 
he entered into a contract with 
the church on the terms and 
conditions specified in foe book 
of rules. He agreed 10 preach, 
conduct religious services; and 
give religious instruction; to 

his manse. 

There was no contract of 
service between the appellant 
and tire chnrch. only obligations 
on the past of the chinch to 
administer church property in 
accordance with the trusts con- 
tained m the book of rules, and 
an obligation 10 ensure that no 
member of the church was 
imfcrwfuay deprived of a benefit 
from church property to which 
that member was enmlcd under 
foe rules. 

There was indeed an agree- 
ment between all foe members 
of the church to perform and 
observe the provisions of foe 
book of rides, bat that agree- 
ment would only be enforceable 
at law in respect of any property- 
rights to which a member was 
entitled under the terms of the 
agreement. By no strech of 
imagination could such an 
agreement constitute a contract 
of service. 

Similar conclusions were 
reached by Mr Justice Joyce in 
Re Employment of Ministers of 
the l-niied Methodist Church 

U1912J 107 LT 143), by Mr 
Justice Barker in Re Employ- 

ment of Church of England 
Curates ((1912] 2 Ch 563) and 

by the Court - of Appeal in 
President of the Methodist Con* 
ference r Pdrfitc({ 1 984] QS 368) 

■ertce v Parfitr{[ 1 984] QB 368). 
Lord Keith. Lord Brandon. 

Lord Brightman and Lord 
Mackay agreed. 

Solicitors: Berrymans far 
Hugh James. Jones and Jenkins, 
Cardiff; Druces & Attlee for 
Ecfwgxdsr Gddairi & Shepherd. 

Competition covenant 
not chargeable gain 

Kirby (Inspector of Taxes) t 
T horn EMI pic 
Before Mr Justice Knox 

[Judgment given February 271 
A payment made in return ra 

A payment made in return for 
a fivo-year covenant not to 
compete did not accrue on foe 
disposal of. an asset and thus 
could not give rise to a charge- 
able gain for capital gains tax 

Mr Justice Knox so held in 
foe Chancery _ Division in 
dismissing an appeal by the 
Crown from -the special 
commissioners* determination 
that the payment did not con- 
stitute a chargeable gain falling 
to be - taken into account in 
computing the profits for 
corporation tax- purposes of 
Thom EMI pic, the recipient of 
foe payment. - . - 

In 1977 a subsidiary of Thorn 
sold to General Electric Co - 
(GE). a US company, . all the 
shares in three other subsidiary 
companies that traded in repair- 
ing electrical motors and in 
manufacturing industrial lifting 

As pan of the sale agreement 
Thom covenanted with GE that 
in consideration of the payment 
of.£3 15,934 neither .Thorn' nor 
any of its subsidiaries would for 
five years engage in the trade 
carried on by those companies. 

Mr Alan Moses for foe . 
Crown; Mr Peter Whiteman. 
QC and Mr Brian Green for 

that foe Crown - made four- 

First, that what- was disposed 
of was three parcels of- shares - 
each with foe benefit of foe 
covenant: foe persons- making 
those disposals were foe subsid- 
iary as to foe shares and Thom 
as -to foe covenant and on ih«t 
footing Thom was 10 bo treated 
as having disposed of assets. . 

That submission .could - be 
dealt with together with Crown’s 
second one. That was that the 
covenant was a separate item of 
property and foe rights foal GE 
acquired under it were created 
by Thorn qu the disposal of foe 
shares. Those rights,' ft was said, 
were an asset and Thom dis? 
posed of it by creating if in 
favour of GE. 

That submission raised the 
question whether the definition 
of "assets" in foe Finance Act 
1965 required that an asset 
should belong to foe person 
disposing of u before foe dis- 
posal that threw up the gain. 

The Crown relied on foe 
definition of "assets" in section 
22(IXc) as establishing that an 
asset could be disposed of 
without having been owned by 
the person mating the disposal. 
The provision, it was aigued, 
was wide- enough to cover 
property created -by foe actual 
act of disposaL 
Section 22(iXc) did not war- 
rant foe conclusion that section 
22 contemplated disposals that 
cons i sted of an act of creation: it 
only dealt with p ro perty that 
existed at the time of di sposal 
but which bad not 'been the 
subject of a .disposal to foe 
person making the disposaL 
The third submission was 
based on section 22(3) of the Act 

- namely that foe capital sum 
received by Thom was derived 

received by Thom was derived 
from an asset, being foe shares 
in tbe t hr ee companies. That, 
-said die. Crown, was foe real 
source of the payment. 

- However, haying considered 
TRC v Montgomery <fI975T Ch 
266)., O’Brien ii Benson's Bo- 

\ I 

. f: )0 

i 4 i " 

iir 0 


m. ....... 

^ C %■ . 

quite clear that ihe shares wen; , 
not the source from which the 
capital sum was derived: ft was 
derived from Thorn's ability to 
control foe activities-- of its 
subsidiaries and foal was not to equated -with foe share- 
holding of foe head subsidiary- - 

- Fourth, the Crown contended 

that Thorn’s, ability ^ to trade 
through its: subsidiaries was 
something which could be and 
was turned to account and. was 
therefore an That argu- 

. mem failed also. 

- Freedom of. commercial 
activity was riot an asset within 
foe scheme of the foe 1965 Act - 
it gave rise to no discernible 
chose in action nor. any other 
form of right enforceaWe against 
any other person. '-?• 

The appeal was dismissed. 

Solicitors: Solicitor of Inland 
Revenue; Rowe& Mawe. 

* £ 5 7 : • 


%/ - 


4 ■ " v ->. -V 

♦ air. • 

(fo*-U I jXek 



>AY MARCH 7 1986 

;i'l %>'* 

= ; * ] v •»-" 

Motoring by Peter Waymark 


Aston proves demand for glamour 

““or She* If m 


Aston Martin 

assenwnthatttieisy.crises maySmelS 
30 ; but. that frivolous high perfomuSS 
motonngjoestm for evcr!AtSK?S 
nny handSl^f motorists wKS 

Ami eyen farthose ofuswhowfll never 

23^^^°° fowninga 
and regard our everyday nraabowswfrb 

machine, u is reassuring to know that 
glamour has not entirely 
motoring scene. 

7 a T?!^J\ name f° m a Previous Asion ® 
Zogato,. binh.m the 1960s and nowa S 

fSnrS? r JF° l Whwh 030 fetch t§ ? 

£100.000, the new car has a chimVv 

jSffipK. b “WW and % 

statistics. -The power anil, the 5.3 litre V 8 
»> the Aston Martin Vantage 
has been farther uprated and --now- 

-’** »“ ■»* ... f -. > , 




. - -f.T •-*?>£« 


Sales: 91-95 Falham Road, SW3. 01-589 4 589. 

After Sales: 49-59 Battersea Park Road, SW8. 01-627 4300. 

Value ior money: Nissan Bluebird Estate 

delivers an astonishing 430 bbp. so far available here. only as a turbo. The acceleration, and with top - fifth - gear 

The result, according to the makers, tea J x ? were d &y & two-litre 16-valve acting as an overdrive^ the vehicle is ideal 

top speed of 187 mph and acceleration en ^ ne with' double overhead camshafts for long distance cruising. There is little 
from rest to 60 mph in a mere five a? d fad injection, develops 130 bhp and wind noise. 

seconds. These are claims, which nut the C** a c ® ra ed top speed of 115 mph. ' The gear changes are beautifully crisp 
Zagaio among the world's fastest airs. At ^6^ can ran on any grade of fuel, and the only reservation about the 

£87,000 it is also one of the world's most “9™ 91 to 98 octane. transmission is that high gearing means 

expensive cars 'but even so every one of The car will 'cost £1 1,995 — for £4,000 more changing than otherwise m town, 
the 50 that Aston plans to baM in the less 11180 the turbo — and should Despite a power output ofl05 bhp, the en- 
nexi couple of years have been snapped strengthen- Saab’s position- in the very gine is no more than an average 

up. competitive executive sector. ‘ - performer and it is often necessary to 

Still on the sporting theme, and making Road Test drop down agear when climbing hills, 

its world debut at Genevans theySvo HOaO IBSL On fad consumption I returned 30 

480 ES. a vehicle which should be a lot IVlCCan RlllAhirri flules P^. 00 faU load in mainly 

more exciting than its name. Thfc is the ^ 1SSafl OlUeDira V**™* d " v,n & °™* >fl» n 3 that 

four-seater coupe which Volvo brieflj Fctilfp would have been more than respectable 

announced last year,. stirring speculation a two hire, but no lon^r and the 

that it might form the basis of a successor Not so long ago British manufacturers ° a mpE by 

to the Dutch-built 300 series. were in danger of losing the medium » rSSTI’ ^ 

The clue was the car’s 1.7 litre engine estate market by default. There was the nwiLvIj 

which was developed with Renault and Ford Cortina, cavernous but ordinary, 
has recently been introduced to the 300 the Morris Hal. smaller and even more . t £ vdS 
range. But perhaps Volvo isjust trying to ordinary, and nothing from VauxhalL *** *?**** 

say IQ the world that it does not jmSke The arrival of Sier^, Cavalier and Jh,, ' S hhL,S 

solidrtanklike vehicles but is as capable of Montego estates has changed all that and on ^ ut ^ biandesf 


tmw JAGUAR Sowra3gn4£ woo. Saga I 
mbt doeskin lartietenaounMi 17.DO0 ’ 

mtor SueoMO anaamoadbyaunahes. 

______ _£K4S5 

m« (A) JAGUAR XJS<2 BUM. soponm 
bkaAMU Mw. m am One ounac 

zajxnmAes- rtareo 

HM m JAQUAR XJS HE. ftegert grep 

amoal vrtth DUn& Supofead & nmeeci m 

Still on the sporting theme, and making 1 

its world debut at Geneva, is the yolvo - 

480 ES, a vehide which should tie a lot .IKTjccovi 
more exciting than its name. This is the x 
four-seater coupe which Volvo briefly 
announced last year,. stirring speculation A -' l5WI, ' v 
that it might form the basis of a successor Not so long 
to the Dutch-built 300 series. were in dan] 

The clue was the car’s 1.7 litre engine estate market 
which was developed with Renault and Ford COrtim 
has recently been introduced to the 300 the Morris II 
range. But perhaps Volvo is just trying to ordinary, am 
say tq the world that it does not just make The arrival 
solid, tanklike vehicles but is as capable of Montego esta 
charisma as anyone else. Besides, it has imports like t 
been without a convincing entry in the fight on their 
coupe market since, the demise of the Offered in < 

P 1800 in the early 1970s.: engine, the B 

The 480 ES is a much better looking car styled load ca 
rhan that, with its low, sleek body and the eye butm: 
pop-up headlamps, and it promises a - model, due i 
good compromise between lively perfor- weeks, does h 
mance and reasonable fuel economy. A is mechanical 
turbocharged version will be added later, test. 

The car goes on sale on. the Continent Since space 
shortly but is unlikely to be available here some words 
until towards the end of the year. seats up to fi 

From the glamorous to the practical headroom fo 
Ford's debutant at Geneva isa four-wheel room in die t 
drive version of the Sierra Estate. Ford rear seat is di 
introduced four-wheel drive to the Sierra san be folded < 
saloon -fast year, in that case to improve split is 50/50 . 
traction on a model the XR4, intended to The tailgai 

Nissan Bluebird 


Not so long ago British manufacturers .TT , ‘V 
were in danger of losing the medium ““"gf 
estate market by default. There was the 

Ford Cortina, cavernous but ordinary. S , 

the Morris Hal, smaller and even more. 
ordinary, and nothing from VauxhalL 

The arrival of Sierra, Cavalier and E 1 orop ^ an cars ’ a- I 

Montego estates has changed all that and on but 1 

imports like the Bluebird now have a real sunatxs - 
fi^it on their hands. ■ 1 1 1 

Offered in one version, with a two litre \/»aI Qtatictir*c 

engine, the Bluebird is a conventionally ,2SSS 

styled load carrier that is unlikely to turn Blueb,nS GL Estate 

theeye butmay not date either. The latest ^ ine: 1 ’ i973cCi ^ ^ in(ier 
model due to reach Britain m a few Performance: 0-60mph 12 s 
weeks, does have a restyled front end but top speed K)6mph 
is mechanically identical to the car under official consumption: urban 2 
test 56 mph 42.8mpg, 75mph 32- 8r 

Since space is the essence of an estate. Length: 14 leet 5 inches 
some words on that first. The vehicle Insurance: Group 6 

seats up to five adults in comfort, with » — ■ ■ ■■■■ —— — — 

headroom for the taflest Md enough ^ instruments are dear 
room m the back to spread the legs. The do not reflect ^ driw 

^ SALES Dorset House. 

9 128 Gloucester Place. London NW{ 5.AQ 
IF 1 itKMCE 9 Acrnuc. NW1 6IS. 

f 01-486 0831 


was c Jtom us c via Canwnt 

Seotng iwlWaek (aaitw m. (tno 

TWR both taL A MLmnmg oewn lop 

grand IQwei Mtn ony JjDOO nwos 

raconxQ ..I E2&B8S 

Contact BH Baflay on 
1 0484 535341 or S5902L , 

‘A’ RM lAOtUUt XJG 4-2 AUTO, 
rodan meullir Mur u.nn nuculi 
Irsuncr inm 14.000 miln Air 
ron Trip Cpmpulvr Chauffvur 
hrpt and always oaraord. bn- 

nurulate conCHUan £14.000 
Trl 01-499 5716 Otflcr 

A'Rrn Saw Crrrn Bisnill up- | 
hoJaen Fitlrd rtwirir uinrool. 

1 ownrr I driver Onb 39.000 
miln. ImmaruLalr cpckMimi. 
Fuli lemrr huiory Pnvale 
u» C9.4BO on Tri Lnrruer 




B9<C|ICi»t«IWWW*.R*ogww''(»fi CSAflBS 

BiO«SViaMiririkrt.SW*S^»wW'W ca» 

88tC|itJ8VtaB»**/dai akauoe — 

njqxjsna nato/ws. bsr. v. bum — - 

BSWXJSMttUWAflhMWiv’sa »V WOBC - .. - «M» 

86iaxJSMCaBrtotdt.iiotattOHcwi.#i.«'«w C19 - 795 

PC (ci T im o frntuordiw 'ixir -Tnt — 09,795 

MJCJXJSiSSrOraV'ooe a»aw« - - - CM* 

a6(ClSo<«<«« *«*J. |r i ESR W E1M35 

Pjqsawnogn HE. ame^pujor. ESfi a> . - — - CT9J» 

B5IClScw«MiBii*aCW.7>»«vw - ert - 995 

»raSow**»an*aSag«o».ESR.w — Ci&fl» 

aS(aSo*«raton4J5»waw jr.c'uoe . . Eie,7es 

65(BlTWRJU5Ht BOCtudw an en>«. 7DOOnii* 02. 99S 

BS (B) XJS HE. Rnadwm/otoch. a* teatlW. BOPOrtd - . - • tlMBS 
85 (q XJS ME. ReganydW am. i/uite UJ100 m» . - CHL9Q6 

IB (B) Sovereign HE- Cawdor ESR.-urT/BOmts - - S 1 BAM 

BStB)8cn«rNw4-7ColM^OG« MaAJri. WJOTme, C1&9B9 

B4 (B1 8®*«™ign HE. Coowooe H «Vi crurte. OOO nfifc .. E1&99S 
MW’CJSMCaMWat.RtrjenLaoe OeC-H-W/WeflOOnts .. C17AB5 

8*(AJS«*«ra1w4JO“» n *> , ' 5av * e ar - ' C13 - 995 

WlAISowwdwAJtiRtwdMTvrruOW — t19J» 

WtA»9owMW*^S*»Ban*TxiC*»kn a*. ttJMO 

■— °^ 95 



vsba/sivz;- agent 

XJS ME T Rw mnaUK enruruu j XJS HE 84 a. Couau / bhcuii. w 

un hide Pnsune condition. 1 
owner. rSH £11. BOO 0202 
301171 iHi 0202 303671 lOl 

prr cover. £14.995 0332 

673273 <Tt 03316 3918 iHI. 


Cotuui Mue. 15.000 miles wlin CJiOKr of 43 wl 
private plate 5422 R Imnur £4 996£ 19.000 Ei 
rona £8 995 Car leteononr PX Tet 01564 983 
ran be (ranumed if ream red 

Tel 061 427 4691. ucuib soVFBrnu 

12 seconds; 

Official consumption: urban 29.7mpg, 
56 mph 42.8mpg, 75mph 32,8m pg 

500SL 85(B) Cttssc Ww/Grey Htfle. 5an E3IL95I1 
S80SL 83(Y) Ctamtagae/Bfati doth. 9«B E23S5D 
2B8E 85(B) IWmgtt Btoe/Cream Tax. li.500m £15^00 

280SL 84(A) laps Blue/Btae Cloth. i7.000tn £19350 

Z80TE 85(B) Sgnal Red/Cream Hdo. ! 3,000m £17.958 

23ffi 84(A) Uslntftf Bkc/U Brown Clotti.31.000m C3.950 
198E 84(B) Mrtagfe Bhie/Crean VeL. 15.000m £12350 

BIL 242 


£630 00 
Tet 061 773 




Bradshaw &V\febb 

BAUMLER SOV 4 2 one lady own 
er. 55.000 nils. 1978 but in 
absolut ely per fecl cond. £2695. 
0626 520727 Sun Cr evg. 




Contact Kent's largest main 

CJioirr of 43 whole raiw 
£4 .995- £19.000 Em 19 sears 
PX Tet Ol 364 9833 f«" <~r, 

Cohalt Blue Doeskin 6.700 
miles. £16.750 0277 216234 
Evn 0277 354542 


Bali uuMroi itt irnnf rTiitin ri-Trr-r’ 
Santca A Puts: Wandnmth 01-870 B811. . 


The instruments are dear to read and 
do not reflect and the driver can adjust 

rear J a PA5l id8da,,d the height of the steering wheel Even so, I 

^ ^°S4? own se P M ?tdy, though the f ound myself a little pushed for legroom. 

Simpson's Garages (Bexley) Ltd. 
Broadway . Bexley heath . Kent 
Tel: 0L-303 1161 

-SWW* smcnoir 

J'.' KK- 

1 1W> 

,1k 6 


Hi. flu 

r u t. 


mu : 


lift s 

in 1 »x, 


«f. bD 


Tjf Sk 

KtT -ii 


( w 


vui : 

tope SEfeowitf ora jfpre- 

WEBse prices 

The traditional case for buying a Japanese 

sell mainly on performance. On an estate, 

4WD has the somewhat different role of 
enabling the vehicle to cope with muddy 
fields, steep inclines and other off-road 

Powered by Ford's 2.8 litre fuel- was less raked. Even, so, the car easily 
injected engine, and offering foe Ghia , swallowed the cases and other gear for a 
level of trim, the car has setftevelliiig rear . family holiday. t 

suspension and wid go on sale at the end . There is much about the car that makes 

of the month. • . . it agreeable to driven The overhead 

At the about the same-time, April 2. to camshaft engine, mounted transversely 
be exact. Saab is punching in Britain a and driving the front wheels, is impres- 
dversion of its fop model the 9000, sively smooth and quiel even under hard 

The ta ilg a t e, easily lifted with one car was threefold. The first is mechanical . 
hand, opens on a flat platform with no lip. reliability and there is no reason to 
The load area is reduced by the intrusion suppose that the Bluebird is any excep- 
of the suspension arches and, to a lesser non. On the other hand, British cars have 
extent, by the rear light dusters. There been getting better. The second is 
would also be more space if.the tailgate equipment and here, too, the gap has been 


But on the third point, price, the 
Bluebird does have a significant edge, 
costing several hundred pounds less than 
the comparable estates in the Sierra and 
Montego ranges. That, rather than any , 
outstanding driving features, is probably i 
its strongest card. 1 

388S& 82fX| Patrol bHu/wtaiir. ABS. I i.SA 

2306ES 83(A) Astral srtw*. nudge bar aft* 

auto EliifcQ 

soosa B3(Y) Oamiapw. hgM brown teaUw^A/C, 


50BSL BZ (X) Sdvw blue, bh* doth, teat seatAB.S 
AMG cam £20395 

388Sa 85(C) IMmgW Wue. lAie tatoa.Xlt 

AB S„ E-SA t E2BA5 

81(W) Sdw sp n. CotwroW, buv tefflw 

VSH £29.995 

230E 84(A) 1j 0M ivory, auto, sunroof. FAR.EI0.995 



; > W WS) IMS 
id' fl* IMS III,.’® iM 

*'«•£* i rn twv j» tm 

£ tut S7» aw JJ*;, 

t ‘V*s ,iw«. ta» 

r* vau v is» 

"* wm vt> ns* 
Ml FSft Will 4# [us 

■i! *'► It?. 8iW M [JM 

>' |U : , *»» |,7 (US 

n.<6 hvv mo jir 

■# W 1 UVS irj 31) « JJS 


XJS HE 19*4 IB). 25.000 miles. 
RM wun bijcv mimor 
£13.000 ono. Trl. 0734 


1976 I of only 6 mam Silver 
mini 'blue rrof/lnirnor Full 
Weber tonneau rover 30 000 
miles Service History Superb 
tar £33.600 TW 01 -639 4149 


1980 Rolls Rover nmory Ca- 
ribbean blue, cream everflex 
roof, magnolia upholstery, pic- 
nir uble. many exiras 40.000 
miles £21.600 723 9100 

ROLLS ROYCE Sdier Shadow 
1971 brawn and beige. FSH air 
condlbon. ice warning system, 
imm. lull new rnpray PWe pn 
0303 710837 M J Walker 



Black. Pmnw - wktfk. ' 
History j a a. 7 B0 

IMS W USSJ Amp. Red'- 
Tan mowm ruu Heurv 
Immac ihrouabaU — 

IMS X BMW SB C 6 speed. 
Bitnue spec me hurs- pin, 
roof, alto y wheels, com puter. - 
central locking. efectrtc , 

INI V BMW H» Auto 
B eige. Rnmaculaur tnroagtv 
om ■■ ..c,m 



472 l lmf.dea Head 

Tet ftiuM w 
(0421 21) 2064 or 5298 


m Cemrau 

hori RS >100 
rrJi m 
5roi KWW 

ur, fcbrvw 

; MG tow 
limb 63 2D FI* 
Ccf Saagt* W 

Ml ZSMtt 
OMto SB 
Peuqpf JffiGTi 
Caste Bx ;rw 
law at ewwi 


CITROEN 2cV* 8 + 
(Most Models) ’ 

0% HP over 12 Mths 
or special Low Rates j 
over 24 or 36 Mths j 

Offer new Extended 
to End of March. 
(Written Details on ' 

- Request) 

crrao&rs No i pcaler 
89 01-749 6091 jR 

Take the 


on your new car 

Cd GT. CbswUsb Ml idMe S CQ 
01-987 99S5/9997/9SS3 
Hoars Moo-Fri hi»4p 


5 Cto« ZB 

-Am KK1 B*-. hf'jttn.NS 


n, d ii'ie. iiCO ofcTSNS 

IS e HMf* tor » 

a.j.* A «W». I; 

ihp nww 

H A ItoUto Btt HU G 

in, iwl rj« ifWO 

f T mjK 

KaamStlZNH! ;- U 



. re *t aae 

or. 08JS1 

ub iv si- 


is a ton Sa u 05 j-jj; 

U r, iJ iT-fi 


K r Sector » *» ■« :» 

^..'06 - .1*1 V*tr 

m OtJS 

Vsr* •«»' ,-W -PWU '■*>■ 
F» jr lre«N» W « 

i jv. w f** iiflow**!**' nw 

you take theprofil 
we do the work 



is HEarrcRcsHifiE 
irr-ec:»'esc ear:!' 

mrn SacatRA Nimbus orey. 
Sunroof. E*. *BKk._ Hu*e 
dtcouni. Ol 381 2021 -T. 
VOLVO A4SQL auto estate. Hue. 
radio. Sumac, cssoo (or mss 
1981 car- 0682 44791 
VOLVO 2— Ol B A fat ato unrev 
Mured. Sneer . Black Learner. 
POA T«L- Ol-B4fK61B <D 
VOLVO, Ex-manaotoiiBd ovrs. aU 
model*, to w mticows. hu«e sav- 
ings 74.0402-20391 iWkdaya) 

lent Goodman. B Re«. 10.000 
mV amy. i laay owner. Hard A 
ton mil fitted alarm ft stereo 
caasede Roobar inctoded. Bar- 
gain £9^00 0(10. 061 832 4901 
Son lO-Spm. mon-fn lOdOm 

MB 73H 1C automatic. Sept 
82. 3 8JOO mis only. On* own- 
«r. FSH- LawisMy equipped and 
maintained. ABS. enda* con- 
trol. el ec t ric sf wot. Biat munU 
Naw York stereo Silver metal- 
lic wtm charcoal Interior. 
Immaculate. £10.730. Tel 
Trevor Ptiaito 0279 « 18421 
May? 0279 S06875 leva). 
8 spd. 20.000 mBcs. Exd rood. 
Alloy wheels, sun roof, elect 
windows. Stiver . meL 
SDoUers/extras. C6J26D ono. 
Tel: Ol 994 6477 x 177 Mayk 
Ol 362 2301 (eves*. 



Alpine white wtm Unted 
Olass. (ull BBS booytdl In- 
cluding BBS modular 
wheHs with 199' 16 NCT 
tyres- Absolutely stunning 
and roady for immediate 
delivery. POA. 

TELEPHONE! 4744 28128 

The faBowfng BOMontro 
available for Immediate 
den very- . _ 

grey. Sunroof. 



tm. s 





FERRARI 308 OTH QV B reg. I 

Owner. 10000 RdtoS. flM 

Maraartto usunr. saver, mim . 
BtraggnoOL £20.960, 01 328 
- 8333. m. , 

row BRA NAPA 2. 8L oma SC B 

KB, gala, Huiac condWOM. ev- 

Sm TM: 0464 B60 906. 
MEHLYS (or immediate del on 
new Range- Itoaf Vogoe auto- 
muMA- Land Rmrsr 1 lO SlaOoo 
uiagobi ft cates' models. Ring 
jontoMb Hto on ox-74* 4626. 
CORTBCA Cmseder Ift red. one 
owner. 25800 voot. long #«T. 
run MRsar. » 20 o gnu .most be 
bkb. temp LAPStor 60094 
( •ittVETTE, Sttna Ray. 1973. tad. 
TS. nsoL SCO. aapUane* 
enrome ®“ 

£6 750 OMenetllY 7851*7 
i3> Ford RSTurtx»« prices we 
on td prt/d. Pttoo* m now 
lor aeutto 0296 67712. m 
muM BOB OTSL J982. 
imwwcond. FSH Red- wttor 
HWMY nrtenhone- (adllttoS- 
'grZti TM 01-8&9 6081. 

nw.MAnh LB ftHOI X CCBto. 

«iir*f" lUI> condmoo. 




LOTWE*** 1 iva 
iso, gne owner IWWR J?i!S 
^ hsV uoO^mm £9000 

5^729398 SuCdto 

£4760 eno T -to* 

yn p* nil i [it Rover 
r yjSSL Sever onxHuan. 


ar!S( tfSL-.» 

mean 3B9886. 
■MB UKM. (6S9S. - 

jAu B922I3 

AeaW Q uito with roof raOs. 

Sar^ * ' — r~ OrapMto. . 

98 Qudra m Alpine wwte. 
8203 88326. 

Open Sunday. 

COLT on Mark 2. B rag. SOcer 
wim Mack Interior, sunroof. 
«reltl wbeete. 23.000 mtlea. 1 
owner. First £6.000 Contact 
Garry Hockley 0792 462263 
(Office! 0792 406208 I Hornet 

ed edition. WhMe. June 1984. 
10000 mb. Alarm, dtm. 
..£8.000 ono. Tef: 01 -639 3323- 
Wk. 01-602 8230 Hn. 

•camoccogn: 198& c. grandie 
tints. iQJDOO ntfs. immaculate. 
£7 ,795 T« MMne 0962 00046. 
office 0962 51502. 

Inc GTTs ft convertibles Xrum 
stock, some at pre tooease 
price. 0882 872182 oooo Sim 
(AuOMrised vw coder;. 

SOLE CTTa. Oiotce of roodeb. 
immedtato dem-acy rarnharn 
iMBW 719616 or 714889 Of- 
fice Hours m 

ww ***** jwiwf "jo® 
metuamg loo Base. 100 CC ft 
Audi G0UPM1. ftw 5««»y W 
Mainland. Ring 0533-31282 III 

- PASCAT 8L6 Swoon acw. 

Straws MM. Sim roof. Un-rco 
Special offer fVW daakri 
£8.060 Tet07462 4643- 
owner, very mhciL metaic sai- 

nrn. BJauoaoKS Tonwuo Jlcrcu. 
£7.900. 0W6 43236. 

18 VALVE «W Odrotta UD. 
Mpm red. mimed del. 0582 
872182 open -Sun lAutbomed 
vw denim. 

1908 BOLE on to dock, wrong 
duiis, and extras, from 
£7.796. 10231261 4*7n fTJ 
(tew OOLF Sir. Plus use IWI 
iw Audi range x d fMnmd 

- price*. LCC O1-202-83B6 


door. Allas gray, many oUw 
. earn tub uswnf « r 9 a« 

wr lor wunrd del. 0683 
872182 ooec Son IT). 
moaa Sitter met S-tod. A.C 
. Learner U« C7.998 BMC 
0603 715535 day or 719002 

- errs, wkntos 

AUDI 80 CL Sapphire Met. 6 
. speed Ltanpof. Uwap. Speoal 
oaer~ tAmH deal rri i73» 

' - Tel-07462 4343 
AUN 80 OUATIIU 1984 A Reo. 
Back. S, Roof. 20.000 mw«. 
one owner. FSH. £8.1% T« 
0X42 466-1 Open Sunday (U 


phire 1956. Non- runner, Good 
cundfBon. Needs r est oration. 
£1 .200 ono. TM: 0223 8361 38- 

rORSCHE n* 1978 

Black 'leattwr i m enor. com. 
piece mechanical and mtenor 
refurtPUmenL reapriy. l yean 
MOT. Reluctant sale, contact 
041 771 6236. 

MORRB HONOR 1008 Drop 
head. E rag. Gen 26000 mis. 
Prtsune condition. Contours 
award Nautmal minor Rally, aa 
new at E4GOO Eves 0746-6602 

Beautiful condfllon- genuine 
26.000 miles (been in storage l. 
persona llacd number Plata. 
£2.000 Tel 0782 622299. 




• Mom Models burned latel 

• All UJ<. Dealer 

■ Special Low Rates! 

• Licenced Credi Brokers 


83 m MO ML’ blue 
mn/grey vdowr m plus 
extras. 27.000, mis ****** 
03 IT) 230 E, while/ blue doth 
inm. 5 vein), manual 5/R. 

23.000 mis 410400. 

42 (X) 280 T EST white, btoc 
doth inm. rad/cass AM 

TEM6482) 30488 

•6 BOO BL swoai red. cream 
ktoher. healed seals, rear seats, 
radio cassette. 12.000 miles. 
£27.950 IhnweUs of Worcester 
Ltd 0906 57219. Sunday 0908 

SOO SEC Diamond blue, blue 
leal her. 9.000 miles. Jan 85. 
£32.960 0905 67219. Sunday 
0906 428791. HOWtHs Of 

Worcester Ltd. 


X rep. TWsUe metallic, 
sunroof, fully equipped, 
tow bar. stereo. One own- 
er. Showroom condition. 


Cambridge (0223) 870657 

280 SE 

B Rev- Metallic NauJic 
btue/blue velour. Heat- 
ed seats, temp guage. 
ESR. RHR. R/S, Wahl Id 
insert. 13.000 miles. 

£19,000 ono. 

Tel 061 228 2630/ 
0625 531156 

280 5E 

Extremely beautiful car. B 
retu metallic silver blue with 
grey interior, sunroof, crime, 
wasn wipe, roar neadrns. 
Becker Mexico stereo, alloy, 
end walnut daatt. 13600 

Accept 418490 i 



02 X. Black 'black doth, 
air con. crime, abs. net 
S root ft windows, head- 
lamp w-wtne. FSH. 
Managing Dtrectors rar. 
72X00 miles. Immaculair 

Offieo Honrs 


82 X. Black Mack own. 
air ronomommi. cruise. 
ABS. elec. S/roof ft win- 
dows. headlamp w, wipe. 
FSH. Managing DmeMn 
ear. 72XXX3 nUMS. 


Phone 01-837 0451 
Office Hours 



1980 automatic. Power 
Aasoted Sucring. aUeys. 
rear seal c on version Law 



01-965 7714 

800 BL e neg. Mue/Mack. cream 
learner, tun spec, i lady owner. 
4.000 mrtm £28.300 ono. Tet 
WM 7116X1 

FIX 1982 Mercedes 500SEC 
Mang a ne s e brown, cr e a m hide. 
lUU AMG wee. 43.000 mHea. 
FSH. £21 .780. <04862) 6338 Or 
29444 Mon - Sal 9 - 7pm. Sun 
10 4pm. Woking. Nr 

380 SC 'A' Reo. S eptember *83 

MrtahK champagne. Vekmr 
mm. 34.000 mum. rsu. awo. 
ABS. Sun roof. Air con. Alloys 
Directors car. BOO mUe* since 
test service. Superb value 
£15.960 Tel. 01-689 7944 

1981 **X“ MOSS. ABB. air 
.rand., learner /rice, mis Llm 
Slip, new lym. 70000. FuD 
sera. MB £10400. 0258- 



v airly owned Mercedes 500 
SfiL. A‘ rag. full Service Histo- 
ry. low mileage. mim 
condliion Champagne colour. 
Every extra. £28.960. Week- 
day M: 01-359 6360. 

MW A RES Light Kory 6 meed 
manual. PAS I careful owner 
Fun Mercedes Scram. Qualm 
stereo Superb condition 
£6460 Tri i(M65i 53068 
ISO JULY 84 (A) 33X00 ITU lei. 
red Mack interior, auto, sun- 
roof. Btaupuriki stereo. One 
owner, mini randltum £9400 
061 980 2727. 

100 SE 19S3 A reg. met elver. 
ABS. air con. ESR. Itnts. blue 
leather, fun headrest*, immac 
conn. £18.800 Ono 890 5222 
Office 0480 861573 anytime. 
600 ta 1983. AMO conversion 
(£17.000) Including style pack, 
col TV . video, nor. hi fl. learner, 
nr. etc. Rare specimen. 
£19400 ono. Tel. 6«0»6 2239 
ISO E NOV 44. Five speed, 
s roof, leather, many extras 

11X00 mM. £11.700 Tel: 
0264 23643. 

*88 6CL 1963. Champagne. 
Director's car. Many extra* 
VGC U 6-430. Tel: 01 *93 
lilt (Ol. 01 900 8930 Ofl. 
*8 081 4! blur-, maw Wheels, pri- 
vate refestraboa number, 
•extras) outstanding condition. 
£5400 Tri 0533 703065- 
NEW tantCEKS. BMW from 
£&S b/w. Most modelL 0933 
76099. m. 

280 HE IMS, W reg. mM petrol 

Mue. ITU DU- cnlrl. ESR, C9J250 

M4I 6003E67 0.01-5002926 


WE BUY AH new Or deliv er y 
mileage Mercedes Beiu Cad us 
Now 0203 3S27B7 

BMW 5201 

Automatic. A Reg- Light 
bronze metallic, pioneer 
RCP. A speakers. Central 
locking. Electric windows 
and mirrors. Sun roof l 
owner. Full serv. record. 

Excellent ai £7.250 
Tel: 0J-34S 6974 


on 85: 4X00 miles: While, 
with Mack leather sports 
seals: 6*peed nose ratio 
gearbox: luUM lechnx- spans 
KU: radio casseoe: 

sUdung venf roof: ultrasonic 
alarm system. Owner goutg 
abroad, must sell ouickly. 

818,600 m 
(0708) *70817 

i SSI as. AUTO X Reg Ughl gceen 
meiantc. Air rondlUonino Com- 
puter Cruise control. 
Blaupunkl stereo with graphic 
euualtser on store Electric win- 
dows, sun roof, seals A mirror*. 
ABS braking. Spoilera. Cowes 
of aU service invoice* from Oct 
1983. Immaculate. £6j90& Tel: 

3201 4 door 1984 IA1 S speed 
manual Opal metallic, sun 
roof, alloy wheels, power sieer 
lug. blaupunkt radio, cassette 

22.000 fuay documented miles 
by one owner. Pristine rondl- 
lion Private sale. L8.900. 
Home Ol 979 S98I. offxr 01 
876 0152 

BMW 8291 5 speed manual 1983 
A reg. graphite metallic, alloy 
wheels, electric roof, eiectnc 
windows and mirrors, healed 
seat*, over carpets, slcreo. 
hiued glass. 46.000 mile*. FSH 
£7.000 Phone 107031 790808 
■weeken d, 3 Evenlnosl 

B2Se AUTO Nov ‘94 IB) Metallic 
Cosmos Blue with blue velour 
trim. Till and shoe steel sunroof 
with deflector Electric mirrors, 
stereo, boot spoiler Only 5.500 
ml let. i vert* tabic) wilh 1 owner. 
£9.950 with warranty 01-650 

0108 m 

3201 4 DOOR Nov 1984. & Speed. 

10.000 ml*. FSH. I owner, sun- 
roof. alloys. Bronai balge 
metallic. £8.730 ono me la 
months warranty 0273 699778 
w-e. 04446 4S660 Office. T 

3201 Red Cabrio convertible. 
1984 7.070 mis genuine. 

Btaupunm sterao/cass. alloy*, 
eiec/w. PAS Sauced Must be 
seen £10.900 OhO Call 01-435 
0545 Mon-Frt 9 30am-7pm 

NEW BMW 3281 4 door Metallic. 
Air conditioning. Electric tun 
roof. Decide window* Oerure 
locking. Power ueertno Alloy 
wheels. For tlohu. Clt.995 
Tel 0543 433168. 

BMW 53EI TWR AJplna 1982 5 
spd man. me! green. A C. Sun- 
roof. stereo. 36.000 miles, 
immactiuie condliion. 

£12.750. ono. 01-730 0506 

32SL Black. 1984 <<Ai. 2 door, 
new shape. 21.000 mile* Im 
maculate. £8.175 ono 
P exchange considered. Tel: 
0202 742913. 

3281 August -85. Black. B.500 
mile*. C R box. LSD Sporu 
HKpenUotl TTUI Rear spo ile r 
Pioneer. Im macula u-. £13.000. 
Tri. 01-458 2429. 

BMW 3281 Ascot grey ABS alarm 
LSD recarot 4»pkr RC*CE F ■ vR 
spoilers TRX £6460 Tri 0932 
220471 office noun RefDLE 

325 ETA. left-hand drive Meul- 
hr grey, sun-roof, alloy wheels. 
B reg_ 28.000 miles £8.000 
Teieonone- 01-997 6196 

3201 AUTO LHD. 1900. Black. 2 
door. Air randitumira. tinted 

ola**. elec window*. PAS al- 
loys. £81200 Ol 724 2592. 

NEW BanrS All models to order 

3251 early orUvrry Large dis- 
counts. Tel 0227 7930 10 m 

BOO*LO«B4B. Signel Red. roar 
uaiv. 1 owner, immac. 25.000 
me. £26.950. 0883 790086 

911 CARRERA Coupe IHD Dec. 
83 4 reg 16.500 miles. me« 
silver, air cond . £14.495 

Trl 01 741 0167. 

91 1 SC Sports coupe, guards red. 
31.000 mis. FSH. Reg 9911 SC. 
Oeci windows mirror* roof. 
Tims. Panasonic Stereo as 
new. £15.990 ono Tri 0302 
21776 Eve* 882696. 

B2Y 928 S. Amo. meulHr Ice 
Mue. 39.000 mitci. FSH Leath- 
er trim, a c ESR etc A 
magnificent example £17.900 
Tei 01-908 1847 D.RM. 


911 SC TAMA WOlVn. Mar- 
tor* cars Choice of 2 Aug '82 
and Dec ‘81 £18.600 and 

£16.950 Both fine examples. 
FSH TM Ol 509 2149 

A KD 911 SC Finished In 
while Mack im. i owner. FSH 
Blaupunkl POM ESR 36000 
ml* £18.960 0742 369041 T 

928 8 aulo 1982 metafile brown, 
hair leal her ESR. FSH. war- 
ranty knriy car £14.600 
026470-248 i£\ ralngsl. 

026682 2669 lOfIKrt 


A reg- Mack with lan mien 
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ten iced. Phillips stereo radio 
raueiir. sunroof and many 
other extras Full SAAB see 
\ ire history, immaculate 


Tri Uphaok 10428) 723046 

SAAB 900 Turbo July 83. Mack. 
3 dr. 14300 mss. s roof, alarm, 
slnrro. immac. FSH £7200 Tri 
01 460 0654 day eve. 

SAAB 900 Turbo. 3 door, silver 
metallic. Y reg. 31000 mile*, 
one owner £6250 Jackson 
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To adwrtise vour car in the Times Classified, fill in your advertisement 
in the space fiefow. i Longer messages can be attached separately). 

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Send to Shirley Margofis. Group Classified Advertisement Manager, 
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Name: _ 

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Atime fo 


More dun words can sav: 

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UlHbrn and *.Jl)|»m. Mondav 
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Conn aoil Social Page an- 
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Mom in her ibuifiiil ad'CT- 
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vcish id send an adviruu:- 
meni in wnnnj pu-asc 
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tu*e am ijiicnv* or problems 
returns' lu >oor aOtfrtnc- 
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please cimiaci uur ( usiumer 

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phvir.c on 01-481 *000. 

TIM- l.OKP -.!►■■. "I «IU onno 
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lint- ihrm uiih bTJI W\ hPifl " 
Hf-c.i : - J ‘CVR* 


to Anne -nee Moorei and 
Kmhi a son Rooeri 
CARTER On Tunda)- 4lh 
March, ai St Mary's Padding- 
ion. to Joan and Dougin? a 
daughter. Eluabeih Jose- 
phine. a ssier to Victoria 
COOK On bth March. 1SS6 at 
Ihe Portland Hospital. Lon- 
don to Anne and Peter, a son. 
a brother lor Cutler. 

OEAKIN To Hilary ince 
Watson) and John, a daugh- 
ter Georgina Mary, on St 
David's boy. 

DENT On Tuesday March aih 
1996. to Sarah and Nicholas, 
a son. 

FORCE on March Rh to Mary 
and (vo. a son iJoftn Henry 

lx 0 i. 

HUNNIBAL To Ran and Sandy 
i nee Coakeri. on 22nd Febru- 
ary ai Princess Margaret 
Windsor, a daughter Fiona. 
MAHON - On 3rd March, (o 
Melissa mee Momsi and 
James, a daughter. Phoebe 


March 3rd. to Penelope and 
Giles, a son Beniamin. 
AVcumckok- Ataser Akgun 
Ozxofc Ataser. on 2nd March 
at 11.39 am 1986 at Ham- 
mersmith Hospital. a 
daughter. Perlhan PdUe 

SAWERS On March 3rd 1936 
In Edinburgh, to HUary mee 
KedeiU and Stewart, a 
daughter. Jane MargareL 
STANCUFFE on March 4th to 
Jane utee Jchnsiuni and 
John, a son George. 

WARD - on March 4(h 3.M.H. 
Hong Kong, to Caroline (nee 
Harley i and Charles, a son. 


BA7WZU. Peacetuay on SDi 
March 198* aged 88 years, 
kauueen v-Kk«v- Of Desmond 
(Dan i Batwdl. Funeral at 
Guildford Crematorium 

l Hum on Tuesday lt!h 
March Cut Flowers only please 
to Pimm's Funeral Services. 
Cronies. Surrey 

BEU. On March 3rd 1996. 
peacefully In hospital. 
Lendon aged B3 years, hus- 
band of Anne and father of 
Peter. Elisabeth and Christo- 
pher and much loved 
grandfather. Thantogtv mg 
Service i after private crema- 
Horn at St Peter's Church. 
PelersTietd on Monday 
March tOth at 12 noon. Fam- 
ily fljwers only, donations if 
desired to St Peter s Church. 
COCKERELL On 5lh March, 
suddenly but . peacefully. 
Fanny, aged 79. beloved wife 
of Hugh and mother of 
Michael. David and Lolly. 
Funeral at Colder? Green 
Crematorium. Hoop Lane. 
Nwu. on Friday iaui 
March ai l 00pm. No Flow- 
ers. but donations u desired 
Id South Place Ethical Soci- 
ety. Conway Hall. Red Lion 
Square. London. X*C2. 
□ACRES- EXXON On February 
lain, peacefully at home 
Mawr AJ. iTony). late 
17 21 Lancers, husband to 
Philippa and father to 
Charlotte and EmUy. 

6th March 1986 In London. 
-Isabella, very much laved by 
her late husband Renzo, by 
her daughters Chlara. Blanca 
and Novella and by her 
grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren. Reauiem 
Mass at St Mary's Church. 
Cadogan ScreeL SW3. an 
Monday 10th March at 
l 00pm. Flowers may be 
sent to J H. Kenyon Lid. 49 
Marloes Road. London tVE 
DDLS Leonora V.p. in her 
97Ui year peacefully in The 
Royal East Sussex Hospital. 

March 3rd. 

FOULKE5 - on March 2nd 
1986. Robert Kennck D.F.C. 
Funeral Service al SI. 
Bartholoniews Church. 
NeUlebed. Oxfordshire, on 
Tuesday March nth. at 12 
noon. No flowers please, do- 
nations. if wished, to The 
Sue Ryder Foundation. 
Neltiebed. Oxon. RG9 6DF. 
FOWLER Wilfrid John 
Dash wood of Limuru. 
Kenya, fieloved husband of 
Elizab eth father of Wilfrid 
and Oliver, grandfather of 
Katherine. Joanna. Deborah 
and David, suddenly in Nai- 
robi. Kenya on 4th March 
1986. Donations to the Brit- 
ish Heart Foundation 102 
Gloucester Place. London 


Exangeiine Chaworlh. on 
March Sth at Garwick Park 
Hospital aged 82. Dearest 
mother of Jane and Ruth and 
mother-in-law of John and 
Arthur and beloved grand- 
mother of Camilla. Rodertc. 
Matthew. Daniel and Adam. 
Cremation nth March, en- 
twines and flowers to King 
and Hooper. Harley. 
HERMANN Elfrlda iELFYI on 
February 22m. of 7 
Siccksmead. Washington. 
w«i Sussex, aged 79. sud- 
denly from a heart attack. 
Cremated al w orthing Cre- 
matorium. Monday. 3rd 
March. 3.30pm Donations to 
African Famine Relief. 
JERVOISE Atleen MargareL 
on 4tn March 1986. Widow 
of F.H.T Jervone of 
Herrtard. Aged 82. Much 
loved sister. Aunt and Great 


Aunt. Funeral Herrtard 
Church 3. 1 5pm Monday 
loth March. Family flowers 
only . but donations If wished 
to Hemard Church 'Treasur- 
er Peter Bedford. Eldecfleld 
House. Hemanh. 

LEONARD On I6U» February 
Alired William, of 49 
Waidegrave Gardens. 

Lpmlnsler. Essex Donations 
in memory to Cancer Re- 
search or St Francis Hospu*. 
LUTWYCHE On ath March 
1986. peacefully In hospital 
alter a short Illness. K*uue«i 
May i nee Howard* aged 79 
years Funeral Servic e on 
Tuesday 1 1th March S-30pm 
at SI Marks Church- Aim a 
Road. Remale. Flower* may 
be sent ur Stoneman Funeral 
services. Doran Court. 
Red hiU. 

aged 83. Peacefully on 5Ut 
March 1986 al home in 
Newtonmore. Inverness- 
shire. Funeral al 
Newtonmore. Memorial Ser- 
vice at Broomfteid Church. 
Chelmsford. Essex end of 

MAIM D J (fatal C.B.E.. of 
Heron wood. Berkley. Sus- 
sex. Peacefully on 5th March 
ai St Helen s HospitaL Hw- 
angs. Beloved father of 
victoria, dearest uncle to 
Philippa and much loved 
grandlather of Luanda and 
Teresa Funeral at Berkley 
Parish Church. Wednesday 
March 12th at i2O0pm. 
Flowers to Ellis Bros. Rye. 

1936. peacefully at home. 
Sir Basil Alexander Talbot 
McFarland. Baronet. C.B£.. 
E.R.O.. of Londonderry Fa- 
ther of John and grandlather 
of Shauna. Anthony. Fiona 
and Stephen. Funeral pri- 
vate. Memorial service to be 

POWELL on March 3rd. peace- 
fully ui hts 95th year. Leslie 
Hughes, husband of Jane and 
father of Alan. Jenifer and 
Cuta. Service al South Lon- 
don Crematorium. 

Streatham on Saturday 
March Sth 21 1 1 30 Family 
flowers only, donations to 
Masonic Charities or 
Alzheimer's Disease Society. 
Inauuies to Francis Chapel 
01-460 1720. 

ROSfNSON On 5th March 
1986. peacefully at Arundel 
Hospital. Nancy Hope in her 
86th year. Beloved wife of 
Brigadier Rex Robinson. Fu- 
neral Service al Si Nicholas 
Church. Arundel on Thurs- 
day 1 3th March 1986 al 
3.15pm. followed by private 
cremation. No (lowers. 

SIM on 5ih March 1986. 
peacefully in hospital after a 
short illness, tn her 90th 
year. Ida Isabel widow- of 
Sloan and betov ed mother of 
Sheila and Gerald, grand- 
mother of Michael Jane and 
Charlotte and Great -grand - 
mother of Sam. Funeral 
Monday 10th March at 
9 30am at Mortlake Crema- 
torium. Clifford Avenue. 
London SW14. 

SPENCS - on Tuesday 4th 
March 1986. suddenly In 
X ork District Hospital. John 
Deane, dearly loved husband 
of Hester and rather of John 
and Diana. Cremation on 
Tuesday llth March 19S6. 
at 2 30 pm. al Woodlands 
Crematorium. Woodlands 
Drive. Scarborough. Family 
flowers only please. If de- 
sired. donations in lieu to 
Cancer Relief Fund. 
STUART. Margaret Travers. 
On 4th March 1986 tn Lon- 
don. Last surviv ing daughter 
of the late Mr 6 Mrs Frederic 
Travers Burges of Pietermar- 
itzburg. Natal. South Africa. 
Funeral West London Cre- 
matorium 2.45pm 13th 
March 1986. Flowers by 12 
noon to John Hisses- Lid. 2 
Berkeley Gardens. Kensing- 
ton Church Street. XV8. 
SUMMERSON On 3rd March, 
peacefully at Craig Dunaui 
j HospitaL aged 82. Thomas 
1 Hawksley. O B£.. of the Old 
Manse. Errogie. Inverness, 
formerly of Han Garth. 
Coatham Mundevtue. Coun- 
ty Durham. Dearly loved 
husband of Joan, rather of 
Rachel. Henry- Hugo and 
Rupert, grandfather of Gabri- 
el and Tamstn. Funeral 
private. No Rowers please, 
bul donations may be seni to 
the General Purpose? Fund. 
Craig Dunain. iNvemess. 
SYKES. On March 4th. Gladys 
Edlih. iPyei. aged 91. widow 
of Ronald Sykes, much loved 
mother of John and Jane. 
Funeral private, family flow- 
ers only, no letters Mease. 

THURSTON Antony Arthur, 
suddenly on 4lh Mar ch - 
loved by all. Funeral 2.00pm 
Thursday 13Ui March ai Si 
Michael's Church East 
Hampstead. Bracknell. 
Funeral arrangements by 
House of Grace. Crow thorn e 

WALLER On 2nd March 1986 
following a heart attack al 
her home In Brighton. 
Dorothy aged 95 years, 
daughter of the late Cot- Wal- 
ler. Funeral Service al The 
Downs Crematorium. Bear 
Road. Brighton, on Tuesday 
March 18ih at 3-OOpm. No 
flowers please. Enquiries to 
Altree and Kent Ltd. (Funer- 
al Directors' Tel: Brighton 

WfHNNQM - On 6th March. 
Professor Keith Whinnom. 
loved husband of Norma, 
loved father of Alex. Susan 
and Kate. Funeral a t Ex eter 
Crematorium al 1.30pm on 
Tuesday llth March. Any 
flowers to M. SUttfant and 
Sons. 19-20 Holloway SL 



JOLLY On March 4th. Hugh at 
home in ibe house and par- 
den he loved. Funeral sen tee 
al St Andrew's Church. Ham 
Common, on Wednesday 
March 12th at 3.00pm. 
Flowers lo decorate the 
Church only please. 


W ARRACK A Memorial 
Service for Guy W arrack 
wiu be held in SI Col urn ha's 
Church of Scotland. Pont 
StreeL SWl on Saturday 
i Sth March at il.ooam. 


LEWIS In memory of Wynd- 
ham Lewis died March 7th 
1967 and Foranna. 
STANLEY In loving memory 
of Dorothy Kincaid Stanley, 
from Charles. Slobhan. 
Louise. Eibsh and Daddy 
WALKER Ella. Nanny Hurt. 
March 7th 1986. Remem- 
bered with great love by all 
her children. 


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nave anything la lonunenk 
Is anorexia the nmxml Of 
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s -our views. 

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of people need 
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flat overiooktng park. aN mod 
wmv £ 20 Qdci» eric. 01-228 
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sbrs. £390 pan Bd WBrim 
493 3227 IWL 741 2788 IHL 
BATTERSEA own badraaOL in 
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’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

CeefexAH Naws 

.headlines, weatoer, travel 
sport s bvfletina. 

6-50 Breakfast Tima with Nk*. 
Ross and DebWe 
Grwnwmjd. Weather at 

■*S 7 ’ 2 ^L? 5,8JSand 

&S5; regional news. 
yaaBwand traffic at W7, 
7J27, 7J57 and.&27; • 

national and imemationai 

- J£D«k1 * 20; Lyrm Faufos 
•- Woorfaconsumer report 
at 8.15; and a review of the 

anprowlng Britain's football 



r piiw 

negtonai news. 

155 Lay on Five with RoeSa 
Benjamin. Robin Stevens ' 
and children from Lae 
Bank Primary School M 
4.10 HMthcfiff- The Cat 
Cartoon (r) 4.15 
daekanwy. Joanna Monro 
wtto part five of The Circus 
Adventure. by Enid Blyton. 
4JW Secrets Out Another 
round of the odd hobbies 
quiz game. 

455 NewSround Extra. John 
Craven is In Hong Kong to 

5X15 Grange HBL Episode 18 
and Zkjgy's attempts to 
make up to Jane Bishop 
are rebuffed (Ceefax) 

555 Fax! BUI Oddte and hfc 
team with the answers to 
more contentious 

&00 News with Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas Witched, 


655 London Plus. 

7.00 Wooah. Amona toniaftf s 

Ctaurk and Ken Horn. The 
music is provided by 
Howard Jones 

740 Bfankety Blank. Les 

Dawson's panel this week 
consists of Floeda 
Benjamin, Katie Boyle, 
Susan Hanson, Alfred 
Marks, Duncan MorveHe: 
and Peter StringteBow (r) 

8.15 The Colby*. Francesca, 
haying given up afl hope of 
gamtogper son’s ' 
affection, suddenly finds 
she is the centre of * 
amorous attraction from 
an unexpected quarter. 

Sister Sable puts her 

marriage in danger by ■ 
trying to get her hands on 
Jeffs inheritance and by - 
her attempts to discrecat 
Constance. (Ceefax) - 

9.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

950 Lovejoy.Partdrieofa , 
two-episode tale in which 
Lovejoy becomes involved 
krone of the most 
ambitious art swmflee. 
Staring lan McShahe as 
Lovejoy, and his wrfe, 
Gwen Humble, m the dual 
rote of identical twins who 
plan the big swindle 

1050 FanuBOy Two Hats 

and DesiAmaz 

Western adventure with * 
Peck playing an ageing 
Scottish outlaw and Amaz 
hts halWndian accomplice 
in a bank robbery. They 
are pursued by a bigoted 
sheriff who wants to 
capture the two not only 
for justice’s sake but step 
to farther his political 
ambitions aria because of 
his hatred of Indians. 
Directed by Ted Kotcheff . 

1155 Weather 

2MA 1 . 1 4A ■ i s TiTl 


ft25 Thames news headSnes. 
950 For Schools: flora and 
fauna that survives on 
rocks 947 How We Used 
to Uve: the Cat’s Whisker 
10.09 Maths: plans and ■ 
mazes 1056 Hot air 
balloons, bubbles and' 
diridbies 1048 English: . 
Seong a Beauty Queen 
Home, a story set fn 
Lancashire, by Bill ' 
Naughton 11.15 How ice 
cream is made 1157 
SchooJchSdren Investigate 
bullying 1144 Computers 
ana their uses. 

fSLOO Benny (ri 12.10 Rainbow 
1250 Writers on Writing. 
Richard Hoggart in 
conversation with Arnold 
.Wesker who goes back to 
his roots and reflects on 
the influences on Ws 
' writing . 

150 . Newest One with Leonard 
Parkin 150 Themes news. 

150 Rim: The Love Lottery 
(1953) starring David 
Niven and Peggy 
Cummings, dnema 
heartrithrob Rex Alterton 
- jokingly suggests that 
there should be a raffle 
with marriage to himself as 
the top prize. But the joke 
misfires. With Humphrey 
Bogart making a surprise 
appearance as himself. . 

Directed by Charles 

340 Mr and Mrs. Quiz game for 
married couples. 

3.2> Thames news 

headlines 350 Sons and 

4.00 Rainbow, A repeat of the 
puppet programme shown 
at 12 .io£i 5 BO the . 
Minder. Cartoon series 
455 Emu's Pink Wfndmai 
Show, with Rod Hull and 
Carol Lee Scott 

5.15 Connections. Sue Robbie 
presents another found of 
the quiz game for 

5.45 News with Michael 

Nicholson. . . 

640 The 6 O'clock Show. 
Michael Aspei and his . 
team lata a look at the 
tighter skteof London fife. 

740 JObten Market Lynne 
arrives back from her 
holiday to find the police 
questioning the market 
traders. (Oracle) 

750 MunJer.SbeWrotK Deatii 
in fhe A fternoo n . Jessica 
r is visiting her niece, Nita, a 
' popular soap actress, in 
New. York. When the writer 
' of the series is found 
■ murdered Nila becomes a 

850 That's My Boy. MoBe 
•- Sugden sttes in this 
comedy series as toe 
possessive mother of a 
doctor son. Thte week she 
■attends a Young Wives ' 
group that her son is 
addressmgand lakes 
exception to one of the 
young women (Oracle) 
940 Auf wtedersehen, Pel 
The Geortfia lads arrive at 
.. the stately home they are * 
expected to renovate and 

fafi foul of the local pub 
landlord. (Orade) 

1040 News at Ten with Martyn 
Lewis and Pamela 

1050 The London Progremme. 
John Taylor examines the 


which wifi leave the 
smaller dubs out in the 
cold. Followed, by LWT 
news headlines. 

Steigef. Second Worid 
war drama about the plot 
to ka Hitler. Directed by 

to kffl Hitler. Directed 
Andrew VMcLaglen. 
150 Night Thoughts 

• BACK HOME (Channel 4. 
3.45pm), a modest adornment of 
the a fte rno on ITV schedules, 
is Cathy Denford’s tribute to her 
indomitable great- 
grandmother Alice Graham who. 
at the age of 104, decided It 
was time she returned to 
England to see how the old 
countiy was faring since she left 
it for New Zealand 80 years 
before. "You're at the restless 
age - you'll get over it,” she 
teBs her great-grandcteughter.To 
her (and ouri good 
fortune, she ignored her own 
preaching and embarked on 
her worthwhile journey Into 


marked the dnema debuts of 
their directors. Ken Loach, 
who directed POOR COW 

Arnold Wesker Writers oo 
Writing, ITV, 12J0pm 

• Thin pickings tor «m fans 
on television tonight, with two 
exceptions. And both, I must 
warn yoci are on the grim side. 
Interestingly, both films 

like Cathy Come Home .in the 
dnema, he was never to 
Surpass his Kes. THE 
2, 11.45pm). was the first ram to 
be directed by Josef Von 
Sternberg, and it preceded The 
Bk&Angeityf five is 
no mastarplece.ceilainiy.but as 
an earty cinematic 
exploration of the curse of 
poverty, it has its powerful 

• Looking ahead to Sunday, 
let me recommend Gavin Millar's 

(BBC 2. 10.10pm), an account of 
an ecological nightmare, 

scripted by Brian Phelan. 
Although I admire it 

tremendously. I am not sure that 
any work of fiction has the 
right to be so frighteningly 
realistic, and so utterly 
hopeless in its implications, for 
you and me. and ours. 

• Radio choice:THE 
3.10.15pm), Roger Nichols's 
continuing account of musical life 
in Paris in the 1920s .Very well 
put together, admirably 
recorded, and including a 
pleasant surprise concerning 
Ravel, a good yam about 
Schoenberg's Pierrot tunaira, 
and a snatch of Yvette 
GuHbert's ageless Mme Arthur. 

Peter Davalle 

(Quartet in C minor. D 
703. 940 News 
945 This Week's Composer: 
Poulenc. Etegie(with 
Robert Routehjiom), La 
Tratcheur et le feu 
(William Pattarbartione). La 
court pane 


Dialogues des 
Carmelites, Act 2, Seen as 3 
and 4(cast including 
Denise DuvaL soprano) 


BBC 2 



Radio 4 

655 Open University: 
Management arid the 
School 750 Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 755. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

955 Daytime on Twee basic 
course 942 A chapter 
from The Boy From 
Space, by Richard 
Carpenter 10.15 Maths: 
how grids can be labelled 
. 1058 Surviving the harsh 
times at the beginning of 
the 17th century 11x8 The 
fast of two programmes 
cm visual awareness 1152 
How the smaU United 
States railway town of 
Evanston adapted to the 
discovery of ofl and coal 
on its doorstep 1144 

Looking for work in 
London 1Z05 The 
capabilities of 
microcomputers 1250 
Adjusting to retirement 
after a busy career 1.10 
Alternative ways of 
producing energy 153 
looking for evidence of 
bias in television news 
240 A group of boys 
serving Community 
Service Orders are visited 
by a magistrate 250 Do 
television drama serials 
. correctly reflect the rote of 
the police? 

250 Ceefax. 

555 News sunmary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

550 Film: Rhino! (1964) 

starring Many Guardino, 
Robert Culp and Shirley 
Eaton. A scientist devoted 
. to saving African animate 
from extinction unwittingly 
leads a big-game hunter to 
two rare white rhinoceros. 
Directed by Ivan Tors. 

740 Micro Live. SDP 
President Shirley 
WKfiams, talks about her 
study of the effects of new 
technology on the 

750 Ebony includes a history 
of the black arts 
movement in Britain: and 
Luke Rrttner, secretary 
general of the Arts 
' Council talking about 
. futurerfunding ofbtackarts 
' projects after the demise 
of tneGLC. 

840 Momentof Truth. The 
-■ story of the buitd-upto 
Richard Cooke's dream of 
taking the ultimate air-to- 
air photograph (r) 

850 Gardeners* World. Roy 
Lancaster and Geoff 
Hamilton visit Raby Castle 
Gardens, Co. Durham. 

940 Sparling Chance. The 
third programme of the 
series and Brian Blessed 
takes up the longbow; 
Marti Caine skis on the 
* nursery slopes; and Paul 
Nicholas plays Ns first 
snooker match. 

950 One Han and Ks Dog 
from UOswater, introduced 
by Phil Drabble with Eric 

10.10 Did You See..? 

Tomorrow's World, Hot 
Metal, and Architecture at 
the Crossroads are . 
discussed by Heather 
. Couper, Angela Gordon, 
The Times diary editor, 
and Stephen Games. 

10L55 Newsnfght 1140Weather 

1145 The Salvation Hunters* 

250 A Question of Economics. 
This afternoon's topic is 
the them and us attitude of 
' the workers and 

management. Can worker 
participation schemes 

On long wave VHF 
programmes aiendof Radio 4 
listings . 

545 shipping 640 News Briefing; 
Weather 6. 10 Farming 

340 Dance MatBMMc Texas 
Performance. A ftm report 
of the Texas tour by the 
China Nationalities Song 
and Dance Ensemble. 

345 Back Home. Alice Graham 
emigrated to New Zealand 
when she was 23. Last 
summer, at the age of 1 04, 
she returned to Britain for 
the first time. The grand 
old lady contrasts ner 
memories of Victorian 
England with the present 
day. (see Choice) 

450 Countdown. Yesterday s 
win ner is challenged by 
George Batderstone from 

540 Car 54, Where Are You? 4 
Wonderful vintage comedy 
series about a pair of 
incompetent American 
policeman- This week their 
boss (fiscovers that their 
section of the precinct has 
only petty crime. Why? 

550 The Tube, presented by 
Joois Holland, Paula Yates 
and Muriel Gray. This 
week's edition includes 
Kve performances from 
The Cramps, Kurils Blow, 
Furniture, and The 
Bangles. On video are 
Prince, Siouxie and the 
Banshees. Brian Eno; on 
fflm, Roxy Music and 
Psychic TV. 

740 Channel Four news with 
Trevor McDonald. 

750 Right to Reply. Comedy 
show Saturday Live is 
accused by studio critics 
of being too 'safe' to be 
alternative and too sick to 
be funny. Producer Paul 
Jackson defends. 

840 What the Papers Say. 
Anthony Howard of The 
Observer casts a critical 
eye over how the Press 
has been treating the 
week's news. 

8.15 A Week in Pofitics. Tories 
in trouble to Scotland and 
education policy after the 
teachers' strike are this 
week's topics 

940 Brothers. Joe, Lou and 
Donald, take toe law into 
theor own hands when 
Cliff is beaten-up in a local 
gay dub. 

950 Gardeners' Calendar 
presented by Hannah 
Gordon. Pruning miniature 
andctimbtng roses, . 

planting alpmes in tufa, 

and growing Biles from 
seed, are among toe 
topics discussed in this 
month's edition (r) (Oracle) 
1040 Cheers. Sam accepts a 
' small and expensive book 
from Diane as collateral 
fora loan. (Orade) 

1050 About Men_Aud Women. 
The first of a series of 
torse documentaries on 
men's expectations, 
feelings and relationships 
today, (r) (Orade) 

1150 Fflm: Poor Cow (1 967) 
starring Card Wrote and 
Terence Stamp. Drama 
abouta teenage girl who 
marries toe young man 
who made her pregnant 
when she was aged 18. 
When her husband is sent 
to prison tor four years 
she moves In with one of 
his former associates. 
Directed by Ken Loach. 

650 Today, hd 850, 750, 

850 News 645 Business 
News 645, 745 weather 
740, 840 News 755, 

855 Sport 745 ThoufltiHor 
toe Day 855 Yesterday 
in Parliament 840 Your 
Letters 847 Weather; 
940 News 

945 Desert Island Discs. 
Michael Parkinson taBcs 
to John Dankworth (rVs) 
945 Feedback. Chris Dunidey 
with listeners' comments 
on toe BBC 

1040 New3; International 
Assignment BBC 
correspondents report 

1050 Morning story: According 
to Custom by Betty 
HaskelL Reader: Penelope 

1045 Daily Service (New Every 

1140 News; Travel; Ouf for tf 
Count Why so many 
British a chits fafl to leaf 
deal with mathematics 
on a practical basis 

national daily 
845 Any Questions? Mgr 
Bruce Kent Max 
Hastings, David PenhatSgon 
and Jessica Mann tacke 
questions raised by the 
audtence in Redruth. 


950 Latter from America by 
Alistair Cooke 
845 Kaleidoscope. WHh 
Michael Bmngton 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Bengal Lancer (read by 

1050 The World Tonight 

1140 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Week Ending. Satirical 
review of the week's 

1240 News: Weather 1253 

PJ.Kavanagh reads 

W.H. Hudson's account of a 


1240 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper on food trends on 
British and French 

1257 Son of Cache (s) (r) 1245 

140 The world at One: News 

140 T he Arch ers 155 

240 News^otnan's Hour. 
Includes a visit to 
Dumfries in celebratory 

340 News; Jude the Obscure. 
Last episode. Starring 
Michael Pennington and 
Elizabeth Garvie (r) (s) 

440 News 

445 Humour in Music. 

Leonard Pearcey talks to 
PMfip Jones, leader of the 
Philip Jones Brass 

VHF (avattabte m England and 
S. Wales only) as above 
exceapt 555-640tun 
Weather, Travel 1140- 
1240 For Schools 155- 
340pm For Schools 550- 
555 PM (continued) 1250- 
1.10am Schools Night- 
Time Broadcasting: Words for 
Real 1250 Talking to 
People 1250 Learning to 

Radio 3 

655 Weather. 740 News 
745 Morning Concert Weber 
(Symphony No 1). 
Prokofiev (VioGn Concerto 
No t Peri man .soloist). 
840 News 

845 Concert LekeufAdaqlo 

sharp minor. Op 2 No 1), 
Medtner and Prokofiev 
(Sonata No Sin B flat) 

1050 Langham Chamber 
Orcnestnuwlth Philip 
Doghan (tenor). Mozart 
(Divertimento m B Bat 
K137), Whettam (Hymn os), 
Rubbra (Five Spenser 
Sonnets, Op 42) 

11.15 Elgar: Plano Quintet , Op 
84(Medici String 
Quartet) and John Bingham 

12.0S Concert BBC 

Philharmonic, with Ernest 
Kovacic(violin)JPart 1. 
Lutoslawski (Funeral 
music) .Dvotak (Violin 

Concerto). 140 News 

145 Concert: part 2. Brahms 
(Symphony No 2) 

1.45 Mitchell Lurie and Roger 
ptano redtaL Schumann 
(Three romances. Op 94), 
Hannay (Pied Piper). Toch 
(Adagio Etegiaco), 
Lutoslawski (Five dance 

255 Cricket Second Test 
West Indies v England. 

Untfl 7.15 (medium wave) 

7.00 Bach and Bartok; Robert 
Taito (piano). Bach 
(Chromatic Fantasy and 
Fugue, BWV 903), Bartok 
(Sonata. 1926) 

750 BorocEn String Quartet 
part 1. Borodin (Quartet 
No 1) 

B.10 A wen: Dr Sioned Davies 
with poetry from a 
defeated Wales 

850 Rectta/.part 2. Mozart 
(Quartet In E flat K428L 
Shostakovich (Quartet No 8 
in C minor) 

955 Suk: Czech PO ptery the 
Symphony in E, Op 14 

10.15 The Harlequin Years: 

Roger Nichols on the 
music of Paris after the First 
World War (1922) 

1140 Nocturne: Saint-Saens( 

Walker, mezzo), 
Schoenberg (Varidarte 
Necbt, Op 4). Granados 
(Quejn. ola maja eel 
ruisenort. Monk (Round 
about Midnight) 

11.57 News. 1240 Closedown 
VHF only. Open University 
6.35am to 6.55. Poetry; toe 
Cockney school 

( Radio 2 J 

On medium. For VFH. see 
end of Radio I schedule. 

News 'on toe hour (except 
9.00pm). Headlines 550am, 850, 
750 and 850. Cricket Second 
test West Indies v England at 145, 

242. 3.02. 4.02. 545. 642. 6.45 

Coin Berry (s) 640 Ray Moore 
(S) 8.05 Ken Bruce (s) 1050 Jimmy 
Young ind legal proglems 
answered by Andrew Phillips (s) 
1.05pm David Jacobs (s) 240 
Gloria Hunniford (s) 350 Music all 
the Way (s) 440 David Hamilton 
(s) 640 John Dunn (s) 8.00 Friday 
Night is Music Night 9.15 The 

Cynthia Glover Sings 1140 
Stuart Hall 140am Steve Madden 
(s) 3.00-440 A Little Night 
Music (s) 

C Radio 1 

On medium wave. For 
VHF. see end of Radio I 

News on the half-hour from 
650am until 950pm and at 1240 
midnight 640am Adrian John 
7.30 Mike Reid 950 Simon Bates 
12.30pm Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies 340 
Paul Jordan 5.30 Newsbeat 

Roussel (Jazz dans la nuit 


for Strings, Op 3). Frank 
Martin (Concerto for save 
wind instruments). 
Mendelssohn (Variations 
serialises, Op 54: 
Perahiajiteno}. Schubert 

1040-1240 The Friday Rock Show 
(s) VHF radios 1 & 2 4.00am As 
Radio 2 1040pm As Radio 1 1240- 
4.00am As Radio 2 


&00 NowsdesJt 700 News. 7.09 Twenty- 
Four Hours. 7 JO Jazz from Europe. 7.45 
Merchant Navy Programme 5.00 News. 
BJJ9 Reflections. 8.15 Engusti Song. 8 JO 
Music Now 9.00 News 949 Review ol me 
Brtttsti. 9.15 The World Today 9J0 
' Financial News. 9.40 Look Ahead. 9.45 
Breakfast at Tiffany's. 1IL0O News. 10JM 
The Classical Albums. 10.15 Merchant 
Navy Programme. 1050 Business Mat- 
ters. 11.00 News. 11.09 News About 
Britain. 11.15 In the Meantime. 11^5 A 
Letter from Northern Ireland. 1130 Merid- 
ian. 12J» Radio Newsreel. 12.15 Jazz for 
Itie Asking. 1245 Spons Roundup 1JW 
News. IJs Twenty-Four Hours 1.30 John 
Peel. 2J» News. 2Jrt Oupook. 2.45 
Letterbcw. 800 Rado Newsreel 3.15 The 

Phi! DrabWe:BBCZ530pm 

from Northern Ireland. 5.15 Sarah and 
Company. 84J0 Work! News. 8.09 Twenty- 
Four Hours 9.1S Music Now. 9.45 Foreign 
Affaire. 1000 News. 10.03 The World 
Today. 10JZ5 A Letter from Northern 
Ireland. 10JO Financial News. 10.40 
Reflections. 10.45 Sports Roundup- 11-00 
News. 11-08 Commentary. 11.15 From the 
Weektes 1130 Talking About Music. 
1240 News. 12J29 News About Britain. 
12.15 Radio Newsreel. 12J0 About 
Brttan. 12 j 45 Reamkig ol die Week. 1.00 
News. 151 Outlook. 150 The Class* 
Albums. 145 Lenertios. 2.00 News. 2.09 
Review of the Bhosh Press 2.15 Network. 
250 People and Pokncs. 3.00 News. 3M 
News About Bmatn. 3.15 the World 
Today. 3.30 TransatlanM: Quiz 4.00 
Newsdesk. 430 That's Trad. 5A5 The 
Wold Today. AM times in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;l089kHz/27&m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909 kH /433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
92.5; Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1 152k Hz/26 1m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94 J; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

RPhtJ. Wales Today 045-7JXI 
Spcnfofto 1145-1200 nows and 
weather SCOTLAND lOOOam-IOJOan 
Conference 86 HLSO-UJOpn Con- 
ference 86 206-300 Conference BS 545- 
700 Reporting Scotland 7.40-8.15 
Tomorrow's World 10J20-10J50 LetLRight 
ana Centre 10J0-1 245am FantThe 
SWfian Qin (1969] t2A5-1250n 
5JSpn»-5^0 Today s Sport 5JHWO0 In- 
s tOe Ulster 635-700 Take One 
11.55-1200 News and 
only:) t2JXF1230pm The Aflotment 
Show IL35-7J)0 Ragkxmi raws mag- 

P 01 * 4 Home Ground SCOT- 
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EASTfast on TwoJUHXANDS: Sporting 
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unMivnck . cept92ML30 For 
Openers 1J0 Channel News and 
weather 140 Mr and Mrs 200 Arcade 
2J0 The Baron 130-400 Caonroe 
5.12 Puffins Piafijca 5.15-5JG Btockbust- 
ers 800 Channel Report followed by 
TastBS of China 600-700 ThaTs What 
You Thbikl 7JKF8O0 The Fan Guy 
1030 Jane's Diary 1035 The Moviemak- 
ers 11.10 FUnrWtetifinder General 
1240am Wanted Dead or Aflve 1.10 
WoBthe r.Ctoa- 


East News 120 North East News 
and Lookaround 1O0 FflnrScaramouche 
325-300 North East News 600 
Northern Ufa 600-700 What WOuM You 
Do? 700-800 The Fall Guy 1032 Ex- 


fra Time: Internatio na l Squash Special 
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JULS TVS Outlook 100 TVS News 120 
TVS News 100 Mr 8 Mrs 200 Ar- 
cade 200 The Baron 227-400 TVS 
News foflowed by Gionroe 5.12405 

News HeadBnes totowed by 
Btockbusters 600 Coast to Coast 
600-7.00 That 's What You Think.’ 
700-800 The Fa4 Guy 1030 Facing 
South 11.10 Frim: Witetifinder Gener- 
al (1988) (Vincent Price) 1240am Wanted 

3£!=!21I22b ceptlOO Central News 
100 Him: Hanover Street (1979) 305- 
300 Central News 600-700 Central 
News 700000 Knight Rider 1030 
Central Weekend 1200 FBm: The Harrad 
Experiment (1973) 1.45am Close. 
BORDER ** Lonctonex- 
punucn csprt.30 wash You were 
Here..? 200 Film Casanova's Ba 
l«ght(1953) (Bob Hope) 300-400 The 
Young Doctors 600 Lookaround Fri- 
day SOO-TOO Fumy You Shoukl Say 
That 1000 Bofderflve 1100 The 
Sweeney 1200m News Summary 1203 


700 About Angfis 1030 Cross Question 
11.10 Fflm: White Fang (1974) 

1,10am The Message and the 
Mu sic. dose 

ULSTER a* London ex- 
Si!=2iO=H cept9O5-9O0 The Day 
Ahead 100 Lunghwne 1 JO Mm The 
Captain's Table (John Gragsom 3.00 Mr 
8 Mrs 300 Recollections £58-4.00 
Ulster News 600 Good Evening Ulster 
600 Sponscast 640-700 Advxje 
with Anne Hades 700 Krxgtn Rider 1000 
Witness 1005 Falcon Crest 11-30 
Barney Miller 1105 Show Express 
1220am News. 

CAri 1.00 Countdown 1.30 Famdy 
Ties 200 Taro Nodyn 200 Sion 
Sfin 205 Qporwg 255 Interval 305 
Film- Bolero (1934) (George Rattl 400 Y 
Coracnod 500 Mlsus Potpupur 500 

Coracnod 500 Mlsus Potpupur 500 
The Tube 700 Newydden Sarth 700 
Pobd Y Cwm 8-00 Ma' Han Ma!. 

News Headlines 8.40 Fel 'Na Mae 905 A 
1225em Ctosa. 

ARANADA As London Ex- 
UrtMIVMUM 0BVK 12 J0.1.00 Won 

You Were Here...’ 100 (Canada Re- 
ports 100 FNn: Murphy's War (Pew 
□Toole) 305 Granada Repons 300- 
400 The Young Doctors 600 Grenada 
Reports 600-700 The Cosby Show 
700-800 Kraght Rtoer 10J0 That En- 
gland 11.00 Tne New Avengers 1200 
Fdm: Asylum (RtctaTO Todd) lOSam 

TOU/ As London ExcepcIOO 
1S1L TSW News 100 Film. Houseboat 
(Cary Gram] 305 The Young Doctors 
307-400 TSW News 5.12 (Sis 
Honeybun s Mage Birthdays 5.15- 
5A5 BIock busters 600 Today South 

West 630-7.00 What's Ahead 700- 
830 Magnum 1032 Film: The Beguried 
(On Eastwood) 1235am Postscript 
1230 Weather. close. 





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US courts will 

decide fate of 
Marcos riches 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 

The mass of controversial 
possessions brought to Hawaii 
last week by the former presi- 
dent of the Philippines, Mr 
Ferdinand Marcos, seem des- 
tined to remain under lock 
and key while their fore is 
determined by the notoriously 
ponderous American federal 

The US Government is 
anxious to distance itself from 
the dilemma of what to do 
with 22 cases of freshly print- 
ed pesos, piles of valuable 
jewellery and other goods that 
ihe new government of the 
Philippines want returned to 
Manila. The possessions are at 
present piled up at die US 
customs office in Hickhara 

The decision to turn the 
matter over to the courts will 
be made by the White House. 
President Reagan said: “If 
allegations of this kind are 
made, then it is up to the legal 
procedures in whatever law 
body is involved to resolve 

Such a decision would not 
please the Manila Govern- 
ment, which is seeking per- 

mission through diplomatic 
channels to inspect the cargo, 
especially an array of docu- 
ments that may detail the 
extent of the Marcos fortune 
and how and where it was 
amassed. The' papers are be- 
lieved to show worldwide 
holdings worth billions of 

When Mr Marcos ordered 
crates of currency to be assem- 
bled with his baggage he 
thought it would be flown to 
his estate in the northern 
Philippines, not to the United 
States, he told a US senator in 
a telephone call on Monday. 

A New York State supreme 
court has given the new 
Philippines Government per- 
mission to seek depositions 
from Mr Marcos concerning 
the properties he is said to 
own in the US. A temporary 
restraining order barring the 
transfer of any of the New 
S'ork properties that the Ma- 
nila Government contend are 
owned by him, has been 
extended to March 19. when 
there will be a hearing on 
whether a permanent injunc- 
tion should be issued. 

Philippine ‘gestapo’ 
gone without trace 

From Michael Hamlyn, Manila 

A Philippine intelligence 
organization characterized as 
“Mr Marcos's gestapo" by a 
leading member of the new 
administration yesierdayhas 
been abolished by Mrs 
Corazon Aquino's govern- 

But when it came to look for 
the organization's files and 
dossiers — which lawyers had 
known for years were kept on 
prominent opposition leaders 
- there was no trace. Nor was 
there any sign of the funds 
allotted to the body. 

According to Mr Joker Ar- 
royo, executive secretary to 
the president and a former 
human rights lawyer, when he 
asked for information about 
the the National Security 
Agency (Nisa) he was told that 
its budget was 130 million 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Prince of Wales holds an 
investiture on behalf of the 
Queen. Buckingham Palace. 1 1. 

The Princess of Wales opens 
the Markfreld Project's indoor 
centre at Markfield Road. N15, 

New exhibitions 

Paintings by Robert King and 
ceramics by Phyllis Dupuy, The 
Medici Galleries. 7 Grafton St, 
Wl; Mon to Fri 9 to 5.30 fends 
March 271 

Mixed media paintings by 
Bohuslav Barlow- The Ginnel 
Gallery, Lloyds House, 16 Lloyd 
Su Manchester, Mon to Fri 9 to 
5.30 (ends March 281. 

Spring exhibition with work 
by Grace Golden and Thomas 
Medway; The Alton Gallery. 72 

pesos (£4 million) a year, and 
that it was not subject to audit. 
“We found no trace of Nisa, 
no trace of the funds, and no 
trace of the papers." he said. 

Nisa was under the direct 
control of General Fabian 
Ver. the former chief of staff of 
the armed forces. "It was," Mr 
Arroyo said, “responsible for 
all those brutalities that we 

General Ver. who was also 
accused of complicity in the 
murder of Mr Binigno 
Aquino, the president's hus- 
band. was among 90 loyalists 
who went into exile with Mr 

Mr Arroyo also disclosed 
that the Government was 
contemplating reopening the 
investigation into Mr 
Aquino's death. 

Church Rd. Barnes; Mon to Sat 
(0 to 5 (ends March 22). 

One hundred years of the 
painter sculptor 25 artists from 
Degas to present day; White- 
chapel Art Gallery. Whrtchapd 
High St, EriTues to Sun II to 5, 
Wed 1 1 to 8 (ends April 27). 

Paintings and sculpture by 
Richard Robbins; Higbgate Gal- 
lery, 26 Highgate High Su N6; 
Tues to Sun 10 to 1.30 and 230 
to 6 (ends March 29). 

Last chance to see 

Sculpture in bronze and con- 
crete and related drawings by 
Doreen Collins; The Building 
Centre, 26 Store Su WC1, 930 
to 5.30. 

Drawings and paintings by 
Michael Yoemans; City of Lon- 
don Polytechnic, Whitechapel 
High Su El. 10 to 8. 

The Etchers; Chris Beetles 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 164*87 


muuummm mu 



I Where Annie Rooney was 
at home musically (9) 

6 Little women’s demo? (5). 

9 American law officer turns 
in desperado with a swagger 

10 Mature craft in the charac- 
ter of Ulysses (7). 

11 More than usually wide, for 
example (5). 

12 Clumsy, though endowed 
with ducal twins (3-6). 

14 Get bolt to slide easily (3). 

15 Warm room in fancy lace 
works (11). 

17 Birmingham is after tin. 
possibly lead, for lamp- 
holder (11). 

19 Stinking fish thrown back 

20 Flambeau's performing 
G.K. Chesterton's first 
sentimental ballad (5-4). 

22 Kind of tube near the heart 
( 5 ). 

24 He goes back to type a tax 
return first (7). 

26 Survive to end of the in- 
nings (7). 

27 Poisonous little snake - the 
Ark rejected ill (5). 

28 This can have an attraction, 
like hair (9). 


1 Spaniard loses his head at 
cards 15). 

2 Growler uses phone a i ran- 
dom (7). 

3 ?°1 IS? 5 10 church in hail 
and falling snow (9L 

4 Dryish wme peculiar to all 

5 Most of Vale is in decline 

6 Climbing range, I find 
Polynesian (5). 

7 The King is Emperor in It- 
aly of course (7). 

8 Mad Mary had a daughter 
who lived in a tree (9). 

13 University seminar for re- 
ligious teaching (6.5). 

14 Blood on the permanent 
way at Doncaster, perhaps? 

16 Obligation for putting some- 
one m prison (9). 

18 Kind of rtavarin — out of 
this world for Buddhists (7). 

19 Handkerchief with mono- 
gram perhaps (7). 

21 Raise for one in a thousand, 
maybe (5). 

23 Elegant epitome of Biarritz 
youth (5). 

25 Face contraction in sound 
credit (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 16386 

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KHoaaiiDSH teeraH: 

a IE ?! .0 D E- EE I 


S G5 K.-Pa-'B Bn ff[ 

Morse code man, 84, to go modern 

Mr Jack Sykes, aged 84, who is 
believed to be- the only remaining 
British manufacturer of Morse code 
keys, working in die kitchen at his 
home in Slaithwaite, near Hudders- 
field, west Yorkshire. Mr Sykes, who 

started his career as a radio operator in 
1918, supplies the keys to hams all over 
the world. He is now moving into new 
technology and proposes to convert his 
car port into a room where he can use 


Gallery. 5 Ryder StL St. James’s. 
WI; 10 to 6. 

Work by students from Edin- 
burgh University, The Architec- 
ture Department, Edinburgh 
University. 20 Chamber St, 
11.30 to 5.30. 


Concert by St George’s School 
Choir (Rhode Island); Upping 
School. Rutland 7.3a 

Recital by Howard Milner 
(tenor) and Malcolm Martineau 
(piano), 1.10; Harpsichord re- 
ntal by Ivor Bolton. 7.30; St 
James’s Church, Piccadilly. 

Concert by the Scottish Early 
Music Consort; The Burrell 
Collection. Pollock Park, Glas- 
gow. 7.30. 

Recital by students of British 
and America Song Class; 
Guildhall School of Music and 
Drama. Barbican, EC2, 1.05. 

Piano recital by Anny Cor- 
onet; St Sepulchre without New- 
gate, Holborn Viaduct, ECI, 
1 . 10 . 

Organ recital by Maija 
Lehtonen; St Paul's Cathedral, 
EC4, 12.30. 

Concert by the University 
Chamber Orchestra; New Hall, 
The City University, North- 
ampton Sq, ECI, 1.10. 

Concert by the Hungarian 
State Symphony . Orchestra; 
Royal Concert HaU, Theatre Sq. 
Nottingham, 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

The Marine Society. Mr R M 
Frampton; Si Margaret Patten 
Church. Eastcbeap. EC3, 1.10. 

The uses of the past in 
Zimbabwe, bv Terence Ranger; 
University of London, Warburg 
Institute. Woburn Sq. WC1. 5. 

Topic of the Month: Earth- 
quakes. by Dr Peter Clough; The 
Geological Museum. Exhibition 
Rd, SW7, 1 1. 

Passions and gestures on the 
18th century stage, by Geofrey 
Ashton; Museum of London, 
London Walk EC2. 1.10 

John Locke and the case for 
toleration, by Prof Maurice 
Cranston; Physics Lecture The- 
atre, York University. 8. 


Book Fair, Wagner Hall. Re- 
gency Rd. Brighton. 10 10 5. 

Book Market, North gate Hal], 
St Michael's St. Oxford. 10 to 5, 

Book Fair, Assembly Rooms. 
George Sl Edinburgh, today !2 
10 8. tomorrow, 10 to 5. 

Top Films 

The top bo x -office films in Lon- 

1 1) Commando 

2 5) A Chorus Line 

3 2) Spies Uke Us 
d i 3) Rocky W 

5 4) Back to the Future 

6 6) Ktes of the Spider Woman 

7 7) Agnes of God 

Food prices 

Supplies of good quality fish 
are available nationwide and the 
choice is wider than it has been 
for some time. Favourites such 
as large cod fillets £1.65: codling 

fillet £1.43; plaice £1.83; mack- 
erel 60p; lemon sole £2.13 a lb; 
smoked haddock £1.71, are all 
cheaper. Smoked mackerel at £l 
a lb, and tappers at 96p, are 

Many meat prices show an 
upward trend this week with the 
biggest rise on home produced 
lamb. Whole leg £1 .54-£ 1.98 a lb 
with an average price of £1.75, 
but customers could pay up to 
20p a lb more at the upper end 
of the market by the weekend. 
New Zealand lamb prices are 
also up slightly with whole leg 
ranging from £138^E1.59 a lb. 
Beef topside ranges from £1.98- 
£234 a lb and forerib roasts 

Some good offers available 
are: Sainsbury New Zealand 
whole kg of lamb £1.18 a lb. rib 
roast ofbeef £1.64 a lb and fresh 
chicken (up to 3%lbs weight) 
59p a lb. Dewhmt and Baxters 
pork and poultry £4.99 each and 
half legs of pork 89p a lb; 
Safeway New Zealand loin 
chops £1.49 a lb; Tesco pork 
chops £1-26 a lb, boneless 
middle rib ofbeef£1.52 a lb and 
fresh chicken quarters 84p a lb; 
Bcjam lamb chump chops 99p a 
lb and 2tolb packs of pork 
sausages £135 a pack. 

The arrival of warmer 
weather should bring vegetable 
prices down. Brussels sprouts 
30-45p a lb, carrots I8-25p a lb: 
cauliflowers, ranging from 95p- 
£1.25 each, are scarce and 
expensive; potatoes 9-Up a lb 


Births: Joseph Niepce, pio- 
neer of photography, Cbalon- 
sur- Sadne, 1765; Alessandro 
Manzoni. poet and novelist. 
Milan. 1785; Sh- John Herschel. 
astronomer, Slough, Bucks, 
1792; Sir Edwin Landseer. Lon- 
don. 1802; Piet Mondrian, ab- 
stract painter, Amcrsfoort, 
Netherlands. 1872 Maurice 
RaveL Ciboune, France. 1875. 

Deaths: Jean-Pierre Blan- 
chard, balloonist, who made 
first aerial crossing of the Chan- 
nel Paris, 1809; Aristide Bri- 
and. statesman. Nobel Peace 
laureate 1926, Paris, 1932; Percy 
Wyadham Lewis; writer and 
artist, founder of Vortirism. 
London. 1957. 


inter change, M3S: 

Hunton B ridge, Hwt&to 

. 1 


The pound 

Bank Bank 

AutnBaS 2^1 % 

Austria Seta 23 J® 22L60 

Belgium Fr m2® S&40 

CanadaS 2.13 204 

Denmark KT T2J50 1 1M- 

FMMMtt 7.17 7.37 

Fnmcofir WAS, 930 

Garmon* Dm &,« 352 

Greece fir 2*300 21830 

Hong Kong S 113 11.15 

Iratam] Pt 1.13 137 

Haty Lira 23mm 211000 

Japan Yen 274 m 2BOOO 

Matte Ha ndaGM 332 333 

Norway Kr 1077 1022 

Portugal Esc 22130 21050 

South ASrica Rd 3.15 23S 

Spate Pta 21230 20230 

Sweden Kr 1095 1040 

Switzerland Fr .237 232 

USAS 132 145 

YngmmtoDnr 51000 45030 

RetaB Price Index: 379.7 
London: Hie FT Index dosed down 1 3 at 

Dundee, Abe rd ee n: Sunny periods, 
scattered showers; wind W mod- 
erate localy fresh: max temp 8C 

Outlook for tomorrow and Sun- 
day: Rafi in parts of the N and E for a 
time later tomorrow and early 
Sunday; te mp e ratu res around nor- 

SEA PASSAGES: 8 North See: Winds SW 
tight to nKXfema: showers. visfcMy good; 
.. ... sipj| of Dover Winds mainly 

1 fair vfctoffity good, sea 
‘ Winds fignt and 


The winning numbers in this 
month's £10,000 . Premium 
Bond prizes are: 13CS 901784 
(winner lives in Lancashire); 
7JP 098320 (Merseyside): 20PL 
861754 (Dorset); 4QB 462310 
(Cornwall): 10RT 792334 (Lon- 
don Borough of Barnet)! 

Parliament today 

Commons (930): Backbench 
motion on employment, rights. 

Snow Reports 

7 ( 7) Agnes of God 

8 ( -) Car Trouble 

9(9) My Beautiful Laundrstte 
10(10) Death in a French Garden 
The top rams In the provinces: 

1 Rocky IV 

2 Spies Like Us 

3 Teen Wolt 

4 A Chorus Line 

5 Death Wish ill 

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L U Piste 


Alps d'Huez 165 200 toy 

North facing stapes fair 
Izota 2000 155 250 good 

Excellent Skiing all pistes 
LaPlagne 130 280 hard 

Slush in afternoon 

Meg&ve 65 160 good 

Slush on lower slopes 
Moraine 40 180 fair 

Slush on lower slopes 

Coumnayeur 90 230 good 

AH runs good 

Andennatt 90 230 good 

South taring slopes icy early 
Grijjdeiws/d 30 100 fair 

Excellent skiing to be found 
Gstaad 40 130 ■ good 

Wonderful skfing everywhere 
Murren So 160 good 

slush on lower slopes 
Vrilars 60 140 fair 

taOtaabove reports, supplied by repre 
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Corafitions Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) .- 
resort - 

varied lair cloud 

varied good cloud 

crust icy cloud 

heavy fair doud 

heavy fair thaw 

crust good doud 

crust good fair 

heavy . fair . doud 
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lentahves of the Sta Club of Great 

» upper and art to artificial 


* * * * * * 

Fwst pahfobe* 1785 

Death for 
urged by 

From Michael Binyon 

Terrorists killing American 
hostages anywhere in the 
world should be put to death, 
a task force chaired by the 
Vice-President, Mr George 
Bush, recommended yester- 
day. United States intelligence 
agencies should also increase 
their use of spies to infiltrate 
terrorist organizations. 

The task force was set up m 
the wake of the TWA hijack- 
ing last year. A declassified 
version of its report, which 
was sent to President Reagan 
six weeks ago. said the US 
should continue the policy of . 
pinpoint strikes to retaliate 
against terrorists. 

But it opposed the “wanton 
destruction of human life in 
order to show some xnusde" 
after terrorist attacks. 

Presenting the report, Mr 
Bush said there was no simple 
answer to the question bow 
the US should respond in 
seeking retribution for the 
murder of Americans. 

The report recommended 
closing legal loopholes that 
now permit terrorists to es- 
cape US law enforcement, ft 
also called for the covert 
penetration or terrorist organi- 

“US intelligence gathered 
by technical means is ade- 
quate and pursued appropri- 
ately. At the same time, there 
is a clear need for certain 
information that can only be 
gained by individuals. An 
increase in human intelligence 
is essential to penetrate terror- 
ist groups and their support 

The report also called for 
closer co-operation with US 
allies, and opposed deals wi th 
terrorists. But many of its 
other recommendations will 
probably never be made pub- 
lic so as not to reveal what 
counter-terrorist measures are 
now being taken. 

The task force reviewed 1 1 
separate terrorist incidents 
abroad last year in which 23 
Americans were killed and 
160 wounded. But it gave a 
warning: “There is great poten- 
tial for increased attacks in 
our own backyard." 



Showery W . airstreara 
covers most arras. 

6 am to midnight 

Letter from a troop train 

Paying the price 
for old man’s war 

They were all young — 
many were only 15 or i6 — 
and 'some were wounded. 
They sat in the second-dSss 
compartments, their hair 
shaved, eating folded squares 
of rum (unleavened) bread or 
sleeping- on each other’s 
shoulders, still in the creased 
faded-yellow fatigues in 
which all of ban’s peasant 
soldiery are dressed. 

■ But it was the wounded 
you noticed first dumping 
on sticks down the swaying 
corridors, back and forth 
through the carriages, as if 
only exertion would relieve 
their pain. ' 

One boy with cropped hair 
moved wiih anagonized face, 
granting each rime be put Iris 
weight on his crutches, star- 
ing accusingly at the compart- 
ments as if his comrades had 
personally brought about his 

A youth in khaki trousers, 
with an arm and hand 
swathed in bandages, sat 
disconsolately on a box by 
the carriage door, his back to 
the open window, hurling 
bottle caps over his shoulder 
into .the desert north of 
Ahvaz, giggling to himself in 
a disturbing, fitful way. 

It was a slow train that 
laboured for 17 hours up 

from the mod above the Shalt 
aJ-Arab battiefront, through 
the great mountains to the 
plains of Qom, a tired train 
carrying tired men home 
from war. 

When dark came some of 
them left their crowded cook 
partments and slept in the 
corridors, so that you had to 
clamber over blankets and 
backpacks and webbing to 


buffet car, with its chicken 
wings and tea and faded, 
blue-tinted photographs of 
the bearded man for whom 
the soldiers had suffered. 

They were load, sad souls, 
muttering "Hello" from their 
Formica dinner tables and 
waiting for an acknow- 
ledgement before . they 
smiled. '"‘Jang (war) good?" 
one asked pathetically m the 
corridor. “Saddam finished," 
came another darkened 
voice. “Weteome to Iran." 

- And then, quite suddenly, 
the train dmfoed up into a 

na rro w valley and % there, 
through the open window, 
were sheer-faced mountains 
with white peaks under a full 
orange moon and ice glisten- 
ing on the rods face, frozen 
rivers and stars. 

An ominous ridge - “i bird 
Kook." a soHier said it was 
caUctl, “Yellow Mountain" - 
towered over the train as it 
wormed its way through tun- 
nels and along the river bends 
so tightly that you could see 
the locomotive’s lamp at 
ri^ht angles. 

Here was a land, perhaps, 
for which these young men 
might be pre pared to die- But 
for the man in the faded 
photograph in the buffet car? 

Yet the soldiers rarely 
looked from the windows, 
even when awake. A few read 
magazin es, others smoked 
with their eyes dosed, one 

rend a tiny Koran, mouthing 
the words in silence. 

There was an Ahvaz man 
on the train, a merchant 
going up to Tehran for a day, 
a tubby figure wbobepnoaned 
his economic prospec ts but 
said that yes, be was better 
off since the Revolution be- 
cause his family bad become 
more religious. 

Whax md he think of the 
wax'! The man pondered for a 
while, staring om at the 
moonlit waterfalls of foe Bala 
Rod river, an ' innocent 
stream which. like most of 
the. soldiers '-on- the train, 
eventually makes its way 
down to the mud of the Shatt 
a!- Arab. 

“I think the Americans are 
behind it," be said from ihe 
gloom of the corridor. *T was 
totd Mr Carter said some- 

The great powers want us to 
be weak, but we wifi win." 
And the price, I asked him? 

The train heaved itself 
through a station with a white 
nameplate that announced a 
village called Tchamsangar. 
The man jerked his thumb 
over his shoulder to the 
compartments of slumbering 
yotmg men. “They will pay. 
the price." he sakL 

Then he looked om at the 
stars and mountains and ice, ' 
and added: “We will all pay 
the price. We can afford it" 

Robert Fisk 

tYtiTi ITT* m > fit ►Till 




















































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