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From Michael Hornsby 

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ByAnthosy Bevins and Edward Townsend 

eq r K T fc ^ marine production facilities one < 
feireajjm^^day ao- would 6e completed with share 

cepted a £60 muEoii worker 
buy-out for Vickers Shipbuild- 
ing and Engineering Limited. 

Bui after a one-hour meet- 
ing at 10 Downing Street, Mr 
Paid Channon. Secretary: of 
Stale for Trade and Industry, 
told the Commons in a sur- 
prise statement tint the Tra- 
falgar House bid had bran 
rejected because of a confiden- 
tial clause - in spile of the feet 
that its commercial ter ms bad 
bran judged superior. 

He said that he was bound 
not to disclose the condition 
without the bidder’s permis- 
sion. but he had found it “very 
difficult to accept". He did not 
identify Trafalgar House in his 
statement, although - it is 
known that the conglomerate 
was the other contender. 

A disappointed Trafalgar 
House said later that its bid 
would have brought mare 
employee participation than 
that of the consortium. 

Its spokesman disclosed 
that the condition referred to 
by Mr Channon “concerns the 
safegurd required by Trafalgar 
in the event that a contract for 

consortium funding, and Mr 
Channon said that the Minis- 
try of Defence had been given 
an undertaking on the Tndent 
programme which represe n ted 
- a significant-improvement cm 
the terms previously offered 
by British Shipbuilders 
Mr Frank Field, the Labour 
MP for Birkenhead where 
VSEL Pummel 1 T^nd ]h ft< jt$ 

one of the bluest employee 
share schemes m history will 
be sent to workers at Barrow- 
in-Furness in Cumbria and 
Bidcenhead in Merseyside 
next Tuesday. It wffl contain 
details of the methods for 
buying shares including the 
offer of an interest-free £500 
loan to acquire a stake in the 

Vickers said there was “a 
tremendous sense of 

yank said last night that if jubilation'' in the two towns. 

Trafalgar House had been 
chosen it might have become 
too dominant because of its 
interest in the Scott lithgow 
yard. He said the 
Government may have been 
looking “five years ahead". 

Mr Cedi Franks, the Con- 
servative MP for Barrow and 
Furness, said that Trafalgar's 
record in shipbuilding was not 
particularly impressive. The 
two MFs welcomed Mr 

The employee offer will 
remain open for two weeks 
and Dr Rodney Leach, the 
VSEL chief executive, said 
that payment to British Ship- 
builders would be made be- 
fore Easter. A foil stock 
market listing will be sought in 
the summer. ' 

Employee and resident 
shareholdings in VSEL will be 
limited to between 20 and 26 
per cent, and there is to be a 

in the event that a contract for the only shipyard wpife of 
Trident was not forthcoming p roducing nuclear- subma- 
within two years”. . fines. a n d that tt wa,< an ah ase 

The Secretary of State told of public fbndtkto do so after 
the House that Vickers Ship- mfflioa of publie nxmey 

building and Engineering, had been invested in, die yanL 
limited (VSEU . Employee More than 300,000 workers 
Consortium ~ had offered a and -their relatives^ "company 
down -payment of £60 million : . pensioners, and of ht 

with a profit-sharing, arran^ feast two entire communities 
ment which - could ' ^provide will beeligibhs to buy stares in 
British Shipbuilder with fur- the privatized company. 

Chanson's statement to the golden stare with no single 
House. . shareholder controlling more 

Mr Alan Williams, a Shad- than 15 per cent of the 
ow Trade and Industry company. Dr Leach said;“We 
spokesman, said that it was fully expect to be 
the ultimate absurdity that the oversubscribed.*’ . 
Government should be seffing The apparent widespread 
the only shipyard capable of interest shown by woricersand 
producing nuclear . subma- residents in buying stares, as 
rines.wdttatiiwas aa.ifouse well as the support given to 
of public fundModo so after the consortium by Mr Franks, 
£200 mfilion of public money the. Barrow MP. - played a 
had been invaded intheyard. . significant part in convincing 
More than 3Q&OQO workers the Cabinet committee, 
and their relatives^ oompany The buy-out also won foe 
pensfoners, and residents of at support of the trade unions 

iher-payments of "up to £40 
nnllion m 1992 and 1993**. 
The nKxfemiKdKjn of sub- 

Next week 


had beat invested! in the yard. .-significant part in convincing 
More than 300,000 workers the Cabinet committee, 
and their relatives^ ‘company The buy-out also won foe 
pensioners, and residents of support of the trade unions 
least two entire communities _ yesterday, with the Engineers 
will be eligible to buy skares in and Managers Association re-, 
the privatized company. marking in a statement that 
. Tire prospectus for what "the uncertainty is now be- 
was described by the censor- hind us and the company 
tram yeSterday as potentiaUy Centfaaed on page 2^col 5 


By Aphony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

How Princess 
Michael of Kent sees 
British fashion, on , 
the eve of the 
collections opening 
in Milan 



Some of the nmttere in the 
race for parts, of BL have been 
forced to maker “Wind bids” 
because the company , and its 
merchant- bank have refused 
to disclose adequate informa- 
tion, it was said last night. 

Two senior sources in- 
volved in one of die bids said 
that they had been refused 
permission to talk with the 
operational management of 
Land Rover, or its workforce, 
and had not even been al- 
lowed into the Land Rover 
plant in SofihuH to see what 
they were bidding for. 

One source said that he was 
“sickened" by what had been 
happening under the confi- 
dential negotiating terms im- 
posed by BL. At the very least, 
the arrangements had been 

That charge rs bound to be 
raised in the Commons, and 
within the Government, by 
those who suspect bias in 
favour of General Motors. 

Mr Paul Channon; Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, told the Cbmmons 
on Wednesday: “Lonrbo and 
everyone else who asked, was 
given a packet on information 
which I am assured by my 
advisers, as well as by the 
advisers to BL, was normal 

But one of The Times's 
sources said last night that 
they been given the most 
“threadbare” information, in- 
cluding annual reports and 
accounts, sales figures avail- 
able from the Society ofMotor 
Manufacturers and Traders, 
and some glossy brochures 
“with pretty pictures*'. 

Detailed requests for facts 
and figures had met die re- 
sponse that the information 
was either commercially sensi- 
tive or unavailable. 

A spokesman for BL S 2 id 
last night “I strongly refute 
allegations that we have pro- 
vided an abysmal level of 
information." Their merchant 
bankers, Hin Samuel, were 
satisfied that the information 
was adequate. 

The spokesman said that all i 
potential Udders had been 
given an opportunity to speak 
with directors of the company, 
but one source said that they 
had bran refused access to 
operational management of 
Land Rover because of a 
“conflict of interest”— they 
were involved in the bid. That 
was described as a “pretence" 
by one source. 

The original letter sent by 
Hill Samuel to companies and 
groups which expressed an 
interest said: “BL is prepared 
(but not committed) to pro- 
vide answers to reasonable 
questions submitted in 

The declared bidders an- 
nounced by Mr Channon on 
Wednesday were: Schroder 
Ventures on behalf of some 
institutions and members of 
the BL management, in re- 
spect of Land Rover, Range 
Rover and Freight Rover; 
Lonrbo in respect of Land 
Rover and Range Rover. 
Aveling Barford in respect of 
Land Rover; ami General 
Motors bidding for Land 
Rover, Range Rover, Freight 
Rover and Leyland Trucks. 

‘ ‘ 

. / : T “■ • ’ Vi" 1 ' •• ^ * 

South Africa yesterday 
served expnlson orders on 
three members of CBS News, 
America's biggest television 
sews network, and accused 
them of showing “flagrant 
disregard" for the South Afri- 
can Supreme Court. The or- 
ders wore issued ander the 
Aliens Art of 1937. 

This draconian move — 
described is a st ate m en t last 
night by the Foreign 
Correspondents’ Association 
as “a punitive action with few 
precedents in Africa and the 
West" — came as the 229-day- 
okl state of e me r genc y and 
related press controls were 
cancelled by presidential proc- 

The three CBS members, 
Mr WilBam Mntechmaan, the 
American bnre a n rfcirf, aged 
61, Mr Aflea Piaey, aged 39, 
a Canadian, and Mr Whn De 
Vos, aged 38, who is Dntch, 
receive tetters from the Min- 
ister of Home Affairs, Mr 
Stoflfel Botha, telling them to 
leave the country by midnight 
on Tnesday. 

They have, however, been : 
given “nn opportunity to make 
representations as to why this 
Older should not be carried 
ont* and they are to meet Mr 
Botha with their lawyer in 
Cape Town on Monday. In the 
meantime, Mr Mufscfamami 
said last night, “we will con- 
tinue to cover the story to the 
best of our ahffity." 

fa a separate statement 
issued by fens office, Mr Botha 
gave as the reason for the 
expulsion foe broadcasting by 
CBS News earlier this week of 
fibaof the funeral of sorest 
victims in the Alexandra Uadi 
township despite a police bad 
on television cameras. 

CBS had applied to the 
Supreme Cosrt for an injunc- 
tion against the ban but that 
had not been granted, Mr 
Botha said. “Despite this, 
CBS gained TV material of the 
events at the faneral and 
broadcast it mi its network — I 
csnchHte thst:CBS is deter- 
mined to disobey the laws of 
South Africa in the interest of 
acquiring film that always 
results fe bias and misrepre- 
sentation of conditions in the 

The press controls imposed 
under the emergency now 
bpse.The police, howeve, will 
still have the power to impose 
ad hoc restrictions on report- 

Yesterday, the police said 
“some" of the 327 people 
detained ander the emergency 
wonM continue to be held and 
might be charged with arson, 
public violence and other 

According to police figures, 
there are about 150 people 
being held without trial under 
various sections of the Internal 
Security Act 

At a press conference given 
by 10 of the detainees so for 
released, Mr Sidney 
Mofekane of the Soweto 
Youth Congress alleged that 
detainees were tortured, fed on 
black tea and porridge and 
forced to do strenuous exer- 
cises while blindfolded. 

Photograph and analysis. 

'• ‘ C , • • l;.' 

,y. ^*** - - 

The Princess of Wales met 
eye to eye with Angela 

of the Markfield Project for 
handicapped children in Tot- 
tenham, north London, yes- 

Base rate I 

be nearer 

By Da rid Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The United States and Ja- 
pan cut their interest rates 
yesterday, and Britain's base 
rates should follow soon. City 
dealers expect a base rate 
reduct for of up to s point near 
Bud*;-t rrh-'-S. 

Hope; c( sOi*rr interest ; 
rates lifted share prices to new 
highs. The Financial Times 
industrial ordinary share in- 
dex rose 9.4 points to 1308.8. 

The Bank of Japan reduced 
its discount rate from 4.5 to 4 
per cent yesterday and was 
soon followed by the US 
Federal Reserve Board, which 
reduced its discount rale from 
7.5 to 7 per cent, the lowest 
level since 1978. 

The Federal Reserve Board 1 
said it was responding to the 
interest rate cut by Japan and 
Germany’s reduction on 
Thursday. Several US banks 
cut prime lending rates from 
to 9 per cent. 

Centra! banks around the 
world are confident that the 
sharp fall in oil prices means 
lower inflation 
Ironically' for Britain, the 
falling oil price is likely to 
postpone a cut in base rates, 
currently 12.5 per cent, for 
some days. Although money 
market interest rates have 
fallen to a level which would 
permit a half point base rate 
reduction now, money market 
traders expect the Chancellor 
to delay a cut until the Budget. 

Fed cuts rates, page 21 

terday. Offi cial* banned 
photographers taking pic- 
tures of the Princess wrth Mr 
Bernie Grant, She controver- 
sial leader of Haringey 

charge on 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 

Formal Labonr Party 
charges of Militant member- 
ship were served on Mr Derek 
Hatton and 15 other leading 
party members in Liverpool 
yesterday. j 

it had keen thought that Mr 1 
Larry Whitty, foe party's 
general secretary, might con- 
fine the charges to foe hard- 
core 10 identified in last 
month’s inquiry report to foe 
Labonr national executive. 

However, aO 16 named in 
that report received letters 
yesterday saying that because 
they had attended Militant 
ralfies and distributed Mili- 
tant leaflets there was evi- 
dence of membership of foe 
Trotskyist group; and that if 
that was the case they would 
not be eligible for membership 
of the Labonr Party. 

They have ail been asked to 
attend a meeting of the nation- 
al executive- which has been 
pnt back to March 26 to give 
them time to prepare a defence 
or response to foe charges. 

That national executive 
hearing is expected to reach a 
verdict on foe expulsion of at 
feast 10 of those picked out by 
foe Liverpool inquiry report 
Mr Hatton said y ester- 
da>T**It is Indicrons. I totally 
deny campaigning under Mili- 
tant Every campaign has been 
under the auspices of the 
Liverpool Labonr Party." 

Habib for Central America 

Gulf missile kills four 

Times Profile of 
Cardinal Basil 
Hume, leader of 
England 9 s Roman 
Catholic community 

Abu Dhabi (Reuter) — The 
bodies of three Greek seamen, 
mksing after a missile hit their 
ship in the Gulf, have been 
found in the crew’s mess 
taking the death toD to four. 

The ship was hit early 

on Thursday, apparently by a 
missile from an Iranian heli- 
copter gunship. 

The Cypriot tanker was 
carrying a caigo of petrol from 
Bahrain to Australia. 

From Michael Bxnyon 

President Reagan yesterday 
named the veteran diplomatic 
trouble-shooter. Mr Philip 
Habib, fresh from his recent 
success in the Philippines as 
his new special envoy to 
Central America. 

Mr Habib, aged 66, re- 
turned only yesterday from his 
second mission to Manila 
where he had talks with 
President Corazon Aquino. 
He takes over from Mr Harry 
Sbfeudeman, the present Cen- 
tral America envoy, who will 
be given another important 

Mr Reagan is seeking S100 
million (£67 million) in aid for 
the “Contra" rebels who are 
fighting to overthrow the left- 

ist Sandinista Government in 
Nicaragua. But bis request is 
running into heavy opposition 
from members of both the 
Republican and Democratic 
parlies in Congress. 

• -Vi 

■ ^ 

*****M* 4 '--. ;<B;0 

Mr Habib: Seeking to 
achieve a diplomatic solution 

Mr Habib, also a former 
Middle East peace envoy, will 
visit El Salvador for talks with : 
President Duarte next week ; 
The US is strongly supporting 1 
President Duarte's recent pro- ; 
posal to renew discussions 
with the guerrillas in El Salva- 
dor if the Managua Govern- 
ment opens tails with the 
Nicaraguan contras. 

Mr Reagan said Mr Habib's 
mission was to achieve a 
diplomatic solution in Nicara- 
gua. But he added: “Let there 
be no misunderstanding. Am- 
bassador Habib's efforts to 
achieve a diplomatic solution 
must be accompanied by an 
increasing level of pressure on 
the Nicaraguan Communists. 

“What wc are asking Con- 
gress for is the tools . 

Spider’s web tattoo is clue to rapist 

rimes Portfolio corapeti- 

The Times Portfolio competi- 
tion prize of £&OQ0 “ 
the asnai amount because 
there were no winners on the 
two previous days — 
shared yesterday between Mi* 
M SW of Streatham, 
S.WJ6 and Mr S Tanner of 
Thame, Oxfordshire. 

Portfolio list, page 22; weekly 
list, utiormstion service, page 


Horn News 2-4 Leton H 


Am 9 M 

Mae 1C Safe * 

Badness 21-34 SMt « 

Chess IClSernces g 
Court 12 Sport 35-37 

CraMWwOsIM* TWo** » 

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*5 -O Or Hr tt 

By Michael Horsaell 

A spider's web tattoo was 
oae of several dues t fisdose d 
yesterday I? police hasting 

three men who raped a woman 
at a west London vicarage and 
brutally attacked her father 
and boyfriend. 

The three men. all white, 
were armed with knives- 
TOeystrack on Thursday as 
foe family preparing to 

lonvu- ‘"j ~ 

foe vicar opened the door and 
foe men. buret in. They at- 

p r-frarf fa* two ami with a 
cricket bat belonging to foe 
ricar. inflicting severe head 
injuries. One of foeas raped 
foe vicar's daughter, aged 2L, 
while dm other two sexually 

assaulted her. 

.They bound their victims 
with string before fleeing with 
a video recorder, jewellery, 
rash and a carriage dock. 

la st flfebt police appealed 
for public help to trace the 
gang hot gave a warning that 
they corid shrike again. The 
cricket bat has not been 
recovered and the police asked 
for information about anyone 
no the area seen carrying one. 

The rapist was wearing a 
glove on his rigid hand which 
partially concealed a spider's 
web fattooJXe was described 
as 6ft tall, weB-built, in his 
late twenties, with greasy 
black hair and wearing a Mine 
nylon bomber jacket. 

The second attacker, to his 
late twenties, had foe Initials 

MjUL tattooed over three of 
his knuckles. He is said to be 
about 5ft 7in tall and stocky, 
with a pot belly and light- 
coloured streaked hair. He 
was wearing jeans and a 
grey/green bomber jacket. 

The third maw was aged 
about 23, 5ft 8to tall mis 
light-coJonred hair. 

The police, led by Det Chief 
Snpt David Lam per, recovered 
two knives at the vicarage. 
They are searching for a third 

Mr Lamper said: “This is 
one of the most virions and 
unnecessary cranes I have 
seen. I worid hope that with 
foe excellent descriptions we 
have and with the help of the 

public we will be able to 
identify and arrest these men." 

The woman, who was able to 
free herself and then untie the 
two men, was taken to the new 
rape victims* suite at Brent- 
ford near by. Paris toners said 
prayers for the victims at 
special meetings. 

The vicar, aged S3, was 
recovering from bead injaries 
in hospital. He was said to be 
comfortable. The woman's 
boyfriend, aged 25, received 
several skull fractures bat was 
said to be stable in Charing 
Cross Hospital. 

The vicar's wile, who was 
not at home at die time of the 
attack, visited her husband 

■ England falter 

0 David Gower, the England 
* captain, returned to form 
[* when he scored 66 on the first 
"7 day of the second Test match 
a . against the West Indies at Port 

as shares rise 

By Cliff Feftham 

of Spain, Trinidad, yesterday. 
But not even a stand of 106 
runs for the fourth wicket 
between him and Allan Lamb 
could prevent England from 
collapsing to 151 for six. 

Britain's tennis players 
made a winning start to their 
Davis Cup world group tie 
against Spain in Telford when 
Jeremy Bales, the British 
NoJ, surprisingly defeated 
the Spanish No.l. Sergio 
Casal, 6-1. 6-3, 3-6, 8-6. 

Page 35 

Mr Roland “Tiny" Rowland, 
chief executive of the Lonrho 
international conglomerate, 
sounded the alert yesterday as 
fears mounted that a takeover 
bid for the £730 million group 
could be imminent 

After the share price had 
steadily risen, he reported that 
a consortium might have been 
put together in the United 
States to bid for the group. 

One City analyst said: “ It 
certainly looks as if Lonrho is 
vulnerable to a bid.” Likely 
predators being mentioned 
last night included Sir James 
Goldsmith and Mr T Boone 
Pickens, foe Texan oilman. 

Lonrho confirmed what the 
market had been saying for 
some time when it issued a 
statement drawing attention 
to substantial buying in the 
company's shares over foe last 
few weeks. 

The statement said the di- 
rectors had heard numerous 
rumours concerning foe rea- 
son for the keen interest in the 
shares but until now had 
looked upon them as being “ a 
proper re-rating of the 
company's stock." 

“ Within the last 48 hours , 
however, a much more persis- 
tent position has started to 
appear with aggressive buying 
and suggestions that a consor- 
tium has been organized in the 
United States to make a bid 
for Lonrho. 

“ The company has' not 
received any recent notifica- 
tion under the Companies Act 
that any shareholder has more 
than S per cent of the 
company’s shares but the 

State wil 

board is taking all possible 
steps to clarify the position." 

In the stock market yester- 
day, Lonrho shares touched 
2S0p, up 21p on the day. and 
from a row of I47p Iasi * "zr. 

Mr R.^Ja^sd, the srcnitect 
of the company, is the tergest 
single buider with 1 7 per cent 
of the grou;f. But there has 
been considerable mystery 
surrounding the whereabouts 
of the 8 per cent stake recently 
unloaded by the Arab inves- 
tors. Gulf Fisheries. 

Lonrho is a British-based 
international trading group 
with more than 800 compa- 
nies in 80 countries, it is at 
present involved in a bid for 
BL's Land Rover business. 

Last year Lonrho profits 
totalled £158 million and 
stockbrokers are looking to- 
wards foe £186 million figure 
for this year. 

But there has been a suspi- 
cion for some time that Mr 
Rowland may be ready to pull 
out if the price is right. 

The attraction for a bidder 
is in breaking up the various 
parts of the group, which 
range from gold mining to 
hotels and motor distribution. 

Mr Paul Spicer, a Lonrho 
director, last night admitted 
that the evidence pointed 
towards a bid for the group. 

Mr Kenneth Long, analyst 
at Grieveson Grant, the stock- 
brokers. said: “ Six months 
ago 1 would have thought the 
chances of a bid for Lonrho as 
rather unlikely but since the 
Arabs sold out the position 
has changed and the company 
does look verv vulnerable.” 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Desperate efforts were being 
made in the City and through 
diplomatic channels yesterday 
to avert a collapse in the price 
of tin and the bankruptcies it 
would cause, following the 
breakdown of talks on Thurs- 
day between the International 
Tin Council and bank, r.nd 
metal brokers which it owes 
£900 million. 

There k still some hope that 
the talks can be revived, but 
the Government made it clear 
yesterday that no help would 
be forthcoming for foe City. 

Mr Alan Clark, the Trade 
Minister, turned down a re- 
quest from the London Metal 
Exchange to use the £50 
million that foe Government 
would have put towards an 
international rescue plan to 
help City firms. 

If the rescue plan is not 
revived, banks and brokers 
are likely to sue the members 
of the ITC, which claim 
sovereign immunity. This 
would probably result in a 

long, costly and very impor- 
tant series of actions. 

Mr Clark told :\z Bous: cf 
Commons that a fn~h effon 
io solve the erisLv.iSi-ojrick 
if a substantia! number of 
other ITC member countries 
were willing to co-operate. But 
be said that Britain was not 
prepared to take over the 
ITCs outstanding gross com- 
mitments. Whitehall sources 
were adamant that the Gov- 
ernment will not take the 

The tin crisis broke on 
October 24 when the ITC. 
whose 22 member countries 
agreed to support the world tin 
price, ran out of money. 

Talks to set up a company, 
called TinCo. to take over the 
ITCs obligations and allow an 
orderly resumption of tin 
trading failed at the last 
minute on Thursday when 
Indonesia said it could not 
accept the plan and Thailand 
asked for more lime to consid- 
er iL 

'osa.’re dfe 

Capital Transfer Tax is a liahlirx tor anyone 
xvirh assets ol cn er £67,000. 

Not just cash. It includes the value of your 
home, its contents, your car, savings and Iile 

In lact, everything you thought you were 
leaving to your children. 

OfTiciallv, ol course, its \ou that suffers tax. 

But, who reallv pa\s in the end. 

Remember, it can cost them dear ii \ou don’t 
plan ahead. 

Hill Samuel ofler personal ad\ ice and a range 
of plans to suit most situations. 

it's not just row-standard ol living which needs 
to be maintained and imprmed. Well look alter 
your next generation, too. 

You cant take it with you, but \ou can start 
protecting your beneficiaries by completing and 
posting the coupon ten lay. 

lo; lliilip Ramo. Mill Samix-l S-.-imc^s limited, NL\ Fo«vr. 

1-. It Aiidi&omlv RcjJ. Cr.-‘ A-n. £R° >'KV 

Mil-' .i Io! dur-.y ..;II •.« l:nlL:n<-: '"’.“•5 '?!-•'> l N In 'vn ;cc 

IIU llli||li^ 'wt-Li.T'-l" | 

I n..iij.| lit-. [•■ J p?jnnm^ I.', C-.piul Trailer 

Aiii Jr, -v. 

];•!■ . . ... _ . . _ mu li i ....... — 

EXT S ii H I 

City in tin crisis- ^ 

[_ i N V 


Labour is the party of 
true patriotism, 
Kinnock declares 

Jkit A*-* | 


Sikh says 
are false 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock yesterday 
played up Labour's patriotism 
in a direct attack on Conserva- 
tive policies which he said had 
produced “a ripped-off, run- 
down. sold-out, worn-out 

With an appeal dearly de- 
signed to capitalize on the 
Westland and BL affairs. The 
Labour leader told the Scot- 
tish labour Party conference 
in Penh that his party had the 
strength of commitment to the 
country and its values: patrio- 
tism. * >• 

“Not the i patriotism that 
expresses itsfclf in selling off 
ana shutting down our indus- 
tries. Not the'patriotism of the 
presidential puppet Not the 
patriotism that curses the 
people of our country as 'the 
enemy within'. 

"Ours is the patriotism of 
production, a patriotism of 
pride in care, a patriotism of 
jobs and justice. 

"Theirs is the narrow patri- 
otism of prejudice and pomp 
and vanity; a patriotism that is 

forgotten when the cheque 
book is waved.” 

Mr Kinnock said that the 
Government was “the lucki- 
est. lousiest government ever. 
Luckiest for what they've had. 
Lousiest for what they’ve 
done with it." 

He said: “They have blown 
billions. They are the biggest 
spending, biggest selling, qig- 
gest borrowing, biggest taxing 
and job-axing government in 
British history. 

They had borrowed an extra 
£10 billion every year for six 
years, they had increased tax- 
ation by *40 per cent and 
doubled the liability of those 
on the basic rale of tax, they 

crime; bankruptcies and pov- 

“Most of alT. Mr Kinnock 
said, “even on their fiddled 

A Sikh leader who is seeking 
political asylum in Britain, 
said yesterday that the Indian 
government had started a 
“deliberate witch-hunt*’ 

figures, they've got record against him. 

unemployment of . The 

3.4 million." 

But he also attacked the 

has fabricated something like 
33 charges, including murder. 

Alliance option, without nam- against me to force the British 
ing it, as a protest gesture. He go^nrent to return me to 

u tnrfia ** Mr lacoiant Sin of. 

sard that the voters could Mr Jaswant Singh 

object to Toryism by voting Thekedar said, 
for “just about anyone", but * am only a man of p eace, I 

ihev could eject Torvism only a™ n * lt “* r * murderer nor a 
by voting Labour. terrorist, Mr TbeteJar sard 

m his council flat in Southall, 
Mr Kinnock was careful to west London, 
aphasize the democratic so- But, according to the Indian - 

emphasize the democratic so- 

1 A ?I ? vJi&n rtf own followers that the party’s 
had sold off £15 telhon of priority commitmentto cream i 
national assets, and had bene- _ :n: »*■ , L . 

datum of the Labour Party government, Mr Thekedar, 
and he warned some of his aged 37, is one of the country's 

national assets, and had bene- 
fited from £30 billion in 
North Sea oil revenues. 

Mr Kinnock said that in 
spite of that, manufacturing 
output was still tower than in 
1979, manufacturing invest- 
ment was 1 S per cent down on 
1 979. a trade surplus in manu- 
factures had been turned into 
a £5 billion deficit and there 
were record interest rates. 

US aid for Ulster 
arouses suspicion 

By Stephen Goodwin Political Staff 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher was 
yesterday challenged to state 
whether any United States aid 
for Northern Ireland would be 
accepted, if it was conditional 
on outside intervention in the 
United Kingdom’s internal 

Sir John Biggs-Oavison. a 
former Conservative spokes- 
man on Ulster, has tabled a 
Commons question to the 
Prime Minister in an attempt 
to learn the conditions of any 
American aid package. 

The American proposal for 
a $250 million boost to the 
economies of both Northern 
Ireland and the republic over 
five years has aroused instant 
suspicion among politicians. 

Sir John said anyone who 
imagined Northern Ireland 
would be reconciled to the 
Anglo-Irish agreement by 
"dollops of dollars" did not 
understand the Ulster people. 

“There is already enough 

suspicion of United States 
interest in the dilution of 
British sovereignty, and sug- 
gestions made in the United , 
States Congress that Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Tom King 
I Secretary of State for North- 1 
em Ireland] cannot be trusted 
to deal fairly between Catholic 
and Protestant, are grossly 
insulting to them and to 
Britain”. Sir John said. 

Mr Enoch Powell, Ulster 
Unionist MP for South Down, 
said in Belfast last night that it 
had been a long-lasting, covert 
ambition of British govern- 
ments to dispose of Ulster as 
the price for purchasing politi- 
cal and strategic advantages 
with the United States. 

But Mr Powell gave warn- 
ing: “The strategic motive of 
purchasing American approv- 
al at whatever cost has risen to 
a point where it is no longer 
compatible with national 

own followers that the party s most wanted men. The Exter- 
priority commitment to create nal Affaire Minister . Mr 
a million jobs “in the first K R Naray anan, has accused 
stage of the next Labour Britain of not only of harbour- 
government" meant complete ing Mr Thekedar but also 
dedication to that end. giving him privileged treat- 

He said: “In fois movement ment by providing him with a 
we do not try to persuade council home, 
ourselves or anyone else that A senior spokesman for the 
we offer a shopping-list form Indian High Commission said 
of socialism. The Tory legacy yesterday that a £6,000 reward 
of waste and weakness and was offered for Mr Thekedar 
wreckage forbids «ha* when he fled to Britain from 

the Punjab in 1982, shortly 

a after the murder of two young 

Tory fears „ho ^ 

w himself the Defence Minister 

OVPr PSITlV Of Khalistan, an independent 

V V'*** homeland which Sikhs want 

_ I| J _ x _ toesrabtifom foe Punjab, said 

TjQll 03 Tv he and Ins family came to 

~ Britain in December 1982 to 

By George Hill seek refuge. 

rnno.rvs.rivp P*rtv <nnrrp« He alleged that the Indian 

j-m a after the murder of two young 

Tory fears 

1 himself the Defence Minister 

flVPI* P$)l*lV of KJhalistan, an independent 

V homeland which Sikhs want 

_. _ || J _ x _ toesraWish in foe Punjab, said 

DOll QHIV he and his family came to 

~ Britain in December 1982 to 

By George H31 seek refuge. 

Conservative Party sources 
sought yesterday to discount 

speculation that an early date ? 311 Sflch 

Hpnirfprf rmfnr th~ leaders and minority groups. 

had been decided on for the 
by-election in Fulham, south- 
west London. 

leaders and minority groups. 

Mr Thekedar admitted be 
was the chief organizer of the 

This week’s news of two 
more^ impending bydectiom 

Tube passengers 

Seven members of a teenage 
gang known as the “Kfllennan 
Gold Posse** who terrorized 
Tube passengers and robbed 
them, were given custodial 
sentences ax the Central Crim- 
inal Court yesterday. 

. The eighth gang member, 
and only siri, snarled “Bitch" 

on shopkeepers, pedestrians 
and even a school mistress 
who was surrounded and 
robbed as she laugh! in a south 
London school. 

The gang was broken, al- 
though cmy a few . of the 
culprits were caught, when 
member s were arrested after 

Heathrow Security in 
customs IRA bomb 
walkout hearing 

Customs officers at 
Heathrow airport staged a 24- 
hour strike yesterday in pro- 
test at the manning levels 
proposed for terminal four 
which is due to open next 

The 350 officers who joined 
the strike were angered by a 
proposal that starting times 
should be brought forward 
from 7 am to 6 am to meet 
early morning international 
flights. They claimed that 
many of them would have to 
get up in the middle of the 
night to be at work on time. 

In spite of the walk-out, 
senior and non-union customs 
officers were on duty. 
Honesty boxes had also been 
set up to enable passengers to 
make voluntary declarations. 

A spokesman for the cus- 
toms said that longstanding 
contingency plans had been 
put into operation and were 
working satisfactorily. Few 
passengers arriving at 
Heathrow said after clearing 
rustoms that they had realized 
l strike was in progress. 

The toughest security pre- 
cautions seen at the Central 
Criminal Court were in force 
yesterday when nine men and 
two women appeared on IRA 
bomb charges. 

Police snipers took Dp posi- 
tions on rooftops overlooking a 
court, armed officers wearing 
flak jackets patrolled the 
streets, and a helicopter hov- 
ered overhead. 

Every person entering the 
building was subjected to a 
body search. 

Police with detectors 
checked private vehicles and 
the building was searched with 
sniffer dogs. 

Tbeaccased people, brought 
to coral by armed convoy, are 
accused of conspiring to cause 
explosions at the Conservative 
Party conference in Brighton 
and other bomb charges. They 
were appearing for legal appli- 

Mr Justice Boreham made a 
contempt of corat order ban- 
ning press reporting of any of 
yesterday’s proceedings which 
were adjourned until May. 

in Conservative seats has 
affected tactical calculations 
over the by-election. 

One view is that the vote, in 
a seat where the Conservatives 
had a slim 4,789 majority at 
the last election, and their 
opponents have high hopes, 
should be taken on or near the 
date of the London local 
elections on May 8. 

But the prospect of two 
more by-elections, both in 
seals where the runner-up was 
an Alliance candidate, has 
reinforced the argument for 
getting the Fulham vote over 
more quickly. 

The longer it is delayed, the 
more »i*ne the Alliance candi- 
date has to make an impres- 

It is too soon for open party 
speculation about the pros- 
pects for Rydale, whose MP, 
Mr John Spence, died on 

The MP for the other seat, 
in Derbyshire West, Mr Mat- 
thew Parris, will not leave for 
the world of television until 

kill Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Prime Minister. 

Wfll Lindesay, aged 29, a British long-distance runner, in 
tr aining yesterday on the Albert Embankment before 
leaving fra China where he hopes to become the first man to 
ran the 2,400 mites of the Great Wall, taking 120 days. 

Bank accused on gold fraud 

By Onr Political Correspondent 

Mr Brian Sedgemore, La- 
1 hour MP for Hackney South 
and Shoreditch, yesterday ac- 
cused the Bank of England of 
refusing to co-operate with 
customs and excise on gold 
, bullion fraud. 

i It was disclosed by The 
Times this week that Johnson 
Matthey Bankers, who were 
| taken over by the Bank of 
England in 1984, had failed to 
adhere to voluntary controls 
j on the payments of value- 
added tax direct to customs 
rather than bullion dealers, 
who have sometimes disap- 
peared with the money. 

Mr Peter Brooke, Minister 
; of State at the Treasury, told 
1 Mr Sedgemore in a Commons 
written reply last night that the 
voluntary scheme had been 

introduced in November 

“The Commissioners of 
Customs and Excise advise 

er Since 1981 it has been 
estimated that the Exchequer 
of has bran defrauded of £60 
se million in revenue from gold 

me that Johnson Matthey sales worth about £400 mfi- 
Bankers was issued with a lion. It was announced this 
letter of authority to use the week that from next month all 

scheme from its inception. 
“However, to disclose the 

gold dealers, including JMB. 
would pay the value-added tax 

extent of the company’s use of on gold purchases direct 'to 
the scheme would be a breach customs. 

of the commissioners’ normal 
principle of confidentiality 
governing the affairs of an 
individual taxpayer." 

Mr Sedgemore said last' 

Mr Sedgemore tabled a 
Commons-written question to 
the Prime Minister yesterday^ 
asking for. the dismissal of 
Lord Hailsbam of St Marble- 

night that he had expected the bone. Lord Chancellor, from 
Treasury to refute the allega- the Cabinet because of bis 
dons made in The Times. “It refusal to “divest himself of 
now appears that the Bank of his interest as a name at 

Thatcher call to Irish 
on Sellafield fears 

By Stephen Goodwin 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher her letter that neither the 
moved yesterday to allay Irish Government nor the nuclear 
fears about leaks from British industry is complacent 
Nuclear Fuels' reprocessing . , 

plant at Sellafield in Cumbria. TJ* aveTa ^ i F 1 °? rit T 

She says in a letter to Dr 

Garret FitzGerald, the Irish public from the nudear Indus- 
prime minister, that “relative- try is onty about (mMenfoof 
ly minor incidents” at the per cent of that from naturri 
plant have bran exaggerated sources,, and for the Irish 
by the media in an apparent P 11 ^ 0 J? vay 

attempt to discredit the nude- rouch less, the letter says. 

ar industry. Mrs Thatcher describes as 

Dr FitzGerald voiced mis- “presenting no hazard" the 
givings about discha r ges into release into the sea of about 

Englan d has refused to co- Lloyd’s” before the Financial 
operate in the prevention of Services Bill was considered 
fraud.” by the House of Lords. 

Vickers gets approval 
for £ 60 m buy-out 

continued from page 1 

stands every chance of being 

is worth about £1.2 trillion, 
induding £300 million of 

the most successful employee advanced Trident orders. 

buy-out in history”. 

Mr Franks said the consor- 

Cammell Laird is building a 
Type 22 frigate for the Royal 

lium won the day despite the Navy, plus three Type 2400 
“last minute frenetic attempts diesel electric submarines. 

the Irish Sea from Sellafield 440 kg oflow-level radioactiv- 
when he met Mrs Thatcher ity on January 23 which 

last month. 

The Prime Minister says in 

caused particular alarm to the 
Irish public. 

Cricket writer’s ‘high life’ ends in jail 

A cricket writer’s success 
with a book on Fred Truman 
gave him a taste for the high 

But behind the “bestseller" 
lifestyle of Christopher Clarke 
was a series of buOding society 
frauds and a string of unpaid 
hotel bills. ' 

While the freelance author 
worked on a book about 
Geoffrey Boycott he lived a 
Walter Mhty lifestyle, a court 
heard yesterday. Clarke, who 

writes under the name Daniel 
Tarafin, was jailed fra 18 
months at York Crown Corat 

And Judge Vivian Hurwftz 
told him: “You are well edu- 
cated and talented as an 
author. Bat yon are, Fn 
afraid, imbued with a deep- 
planted seed of dishonesty." 

Earlier the court heard how 
Clarke had been given a 
suspended sentence m 1982 
after defrauding: n cricket dob 
of several handred pounds to 

professional c ricketer before fleeing north mice more. 

from India. 

Clarke, aged 34, tricked 
first a guesthouse In Ripon, 
North Yorkshire. 

Mr Christopher Williams, 
for the prose cu ti on, said 
Clarke booked in for two 
months, telling the owner he 
was writing a book on Boycott 

There he was questioned by 
the police, bat was granted 
baiL Over die next few months 
be also tricked the. Abbey 
National and Darlington 
braiding societies into giving 
him almost £200 by using a 
series of forged acconnt books. 

Clarke pleaded gnflty to two 

byTrafeteir House to slam- vickeis at Barrow is work- 
pede the Government . ing on the Trident programme 

Vickers employ, about feur 

12,000 at Barrow, and at hun ^-lafler submarines. 

Caumnell Laird in Rrken- Dr Leach said the subma- 
head, once one of Britain's ^ Z CamnS 

would lead to several hundred 
shipyards, a further 1,500. The n ~, 

remainder of the 14,000 VSEL 

workforce are at locations 

from die north of Scotland to vmg memory * 

Southampton. He was confident that the 

The underwriting of the acceptance of the bid marked 
consortium's £100 million bid a “fresh start" for both ship- 
has been arranged by Lloyds yards and with pay negotia- 
Merchant Bank which dis- tions about to start, he added 
dosed yesterday that the insti- that while workers had to earn 
rations backing the pay rises through higher pro- 
management included the ductivity, *Ve want them to 
Prudential, Pearl Assurance, be the best paid in their 
Eagle Star, and Norwich industry." 

Union. The only foreign in- . 

volvement is a minor interest He afliteL lie new board 

Bat two weeks later he was charges of making off without 

gone, leaving bills of £100. 

Just days later be deceived a 
hotel in Chelmsford, Essex, 

payment, false accounting and 
obtaining property by decep- 

rations backing the pay rises through higher pro- 
management included the ductivity, *Ve want them to 
Prudential, Pearl Assurance, be the best paid in their 
Eagle Star, and Norwich industry." 

Union. The only foreign in- . 

volvement is a minor interest He auoca.- roe new board 
by the First National Rank of want our people to be the best 
Boston. paid in the industry because 

they are the best performers.” 

Dr Leach said at a press The consortium’s prospec- 
conference that there would be tus was befog printed y ester- 
no thing to stop workers befog day and wfll be sent to 
elected onto the board in workers, who will also see a 
future. special video explaining how 

■ VSEL’s current order book they can apply for shares. 

carried knives, struck dozens 
of times, ripping gold chains, 
rings and bracelets from vic- 
tims while other travellers 
turned a blind eye. too fright- 
ened to intervene. They oper- 
ated for a year and the palire 
estimated that they stole 
jewellery worth £1,500 a week. 

But they did not confine 
their activities to the Tube and 
were responsible for attacks 

Farley is | 

to Boots 

Boots has paid £18 million 
for Farley, the baby milk 
manufacturer which was 
linked with an outbreak of 
salmonella poisoning. 

The price is well below the 
£40 million expected for the 
business before the outbreak 
forced the owners, Gfaxo. to 
put it into voinmaiy fiqtrida- 

Boots is buying fee business 
from the liquidators, Mr Mi- 
chael Jordan and Mr Malcolm 
London, of Cork Gully. 

A spokesman for Boots said 
it intended to : restore the 
OstermiUq - Osterfrad and 
Complain brands to the mar- 
ket as soon as possible. 

“We have found that there 
is enormous brand loyalty 
which stilt exists," he said. 

Boots was negotiating with 
Glaxo lan year to buy Farley 
until , the Department of 
Health linked salmonella poi- 
soning in infants to some of its 
leading products. - 

Farkry’s plant at Kendal, 
Cumbria, which has been shut 
since before Christmas, has 
been cleared to resume, pro- 
duction of milk powder prod- 
ucts. The rusks and cereal 
plant at Plymouth has been 
operating normally. 

Farley bad sales of about 
£40 million last year. The cost 
of withdrawing products and 
halting production plunged it 
into a £10 million loss tor the 
first half of this year. 

Boots defended the price it 
was paying. “We are paying a 
very fair price for a business 
which will fit in very nicely 
with our Crookes consumer 
products", it said. 

These products include 
Sweetex, Optrex and Suepsils 
throat sweets. 

Minister rules 
out mediation 
over Wapping 


Labour demands for the 
Government to intervene di- 
rectly in the News Interna- 
tional printing dispute were 
rejected in the Commons 
yesterday by Mr David 
Trippier, Under Secretaiy in 
the Department of Employ- 
ment. .A 

But Mr Trippier told MPs 
in a debate on trade onion 
rights that Acas, foe indepen- 
dent conciliation. service, was 
following the dispute closely. 

The cost of policing foe 
News International dispute at 
Wapping was about £200,000: 
thus far, Mr Giles Shaw, 
Minister of State in foe Home 
Office, said. 

FarlnmeBt, page 4 

19. four years; Michael 
er, aged 19, dura years; 
Darren Barnes, aged. 16, and 
Anthony Hifiaire. aged 19. 30 
months each; Simon Read, 
aged .18, 21 months; and 
Michael Davies, aged 18, 12 

They were all from 
KcrauBgxoa, south London, 
and all pleaded guilty to foe 
robbery charges. 

| Pit plea 

An attempt by the mining 
unions to halt the closure of 
Bates Cofltery. at ffiyth, 

Northumberland, failed it foe 

High Court in London yester- 

Mr Justice Macpherson said 
that foe National Coal Boanfs 
decisio n to dose the pit 
against foe advice of an inde- 
pendent review body could 
not be challenged 

The coal board said after the 
hearing that it would go ahead 
with the closure. 

The judge said foal only 
derisions made by public bod- 
ies exerrisfog public law could 
be challenged in the High 
Court by way of judicial f 

The coal boanf & decision 
did not come into that catego- 
ry. Thecourt cotdd not rale on 
aBegatfous by - the . mfoera’ 
union, foe pit deputies’ union, 
the white, coUar . pi towns’ 
onion, arid foe pit mechanics 
that foe board had acted 
unfairly and unlawfully. 

The judge said that al- 
though foe board had a statu- 
tory dure under foe Coal 
Industry Nationalization Act, 
ISMMo ran the coal industry, 
that did not extend to deci- 
sions such as that to close 
Bates, A board derision to 
dose a pit was no different, in 
law, from a similar decision by 
any other large commercial 

or ganization. * 

The action had been 
brought by the Northumber- 
land Area NUM, the National 
Association of Colliery Over- 
men, Deputies and Snotfirers 
(Nacods), foe NUM white 
collar section Cosa, and the 
NUM Northumberland Pit 
Mechanics Area. 

Garden hints 
for townfolk 

Town gardeners wfl! receive 
help and mspfratiou for their 
growing needs at foe new 
garden centre at Alexandra 
Palace in north London (Our 
Hortkvftmre Corresp on dent 


Established by Town and 
Country Garden Centres, it 
was officially opened yester- 
day and offers a mde selection 
of planting ideas and water, 
hob, wfldlife and- celebrity 



At foe advice centra 
wfll he able to obtain 


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•.' • Mrs . Wendy Savages, the 
consultant obstetrician sus- 
pc»ded*om the London Hos- 
pital, was yetraday described 
as a -crusader with a rather 
sharp temper”, who' fet her 
great zeal fair admirable medi- 
cal principles cloud heriudge- 

ment to the extent that as pot 

mothers and babies at risk. . 

Mr Ian Kennedy, QC coun- 

sd for Tower Hamlets Health 
Authority, wrn rimg xip -at the 
; end of the five-week hearing' 
into allegations of incompe- 
tence against Mrs Savage, aid 
she had sought to justify her 
actions by untraths and by 
pushing the blame on to.' 
others, indudmg. junior doc- 
tors. ~ -v ' - ' - 

Her . inability to aebunri- 
edge that she was at fault was 
“a grave defect of character”, 
he said- She had shown in one - 
case, where a Bengali mother - 
spent more 1han l2 hours in 
labour with a breech baby, a 
narrow pelvis and a history of 
a previous caesarean, before a 
caesarean section was finally 
performed, that she “could 
not bring • herself to 
acknowledge” that ' she had 
made “a total mess” of it. 

Not one of the expert wit- 
nesses called by either side 
was prepared to say he or she 

Mrs Savage faces 
£100,000 bill 

-The fi re - we e k inmrfry means 


MZlofmore than £100,006 and 
that Tower Hamlets h**m« 
Adhoity wiD hare to . pay ; 
legal expenses estimated at 
well orer £40,000. 

- Her supporters hare raised 
Dt&fiOO towards her teal, 
costs, hot tier solicitor, Mr 
Brian Baymond, said Mis' 
Savage, aged SO, wfth £ow 
children, may Jure to seD her 

those pruciptes”; and a ques- 
tion or judgement . 

■. “It is the question that her 
-great zeal for her admirable 

any confidence that some- 
thing srmfl»T could UOt JUXl 

would not happen again. Pig- 
headedness is a very danger- 
ous qualhy, which some of us 
possess, but which some of us 
possess and cannot control.” 

-Some of Mrs Savage’s evi- 
dence oq the case, where die 
said she failed to read a note 
saying that there was evidence 
Of foetal distress in the baby 
and fad allowed the labour to 
continue was “incredible”, Mr 

principles allows her to con- 
tinue with attempts towards 
vaginal' delivery. ! in .cases 
where no other practitioner 
that we have heart! .would 
have so continued.'’ , 

Her approadi left disorder 
behind ter, “If a consultant 
gives unclear, incomplete dr 
confusing retractions or gives 
instructions without acquaint- 
. ing himself fuDy of the.factsor 
goes away without ensuring 
That aposition is left which the 
juniors can properly follow. 

would have “walked the road 
she walked” in the handling of 
the case in which the baby 
died eight days after birth as a 
-result either of the labour, a 
lethal blood disorder, or both. 

; “This particular piece of 
medical practice is so bad that 
unless it is fully and frankly 
acknowledged as being a total 
brainstorm, • h speaks of 
incompetence” Mr Kennedy 

“Unless bite can recognize 
fault in oneself there cannot be 

She had described 
angrily when she had 
her senior registrar tdfing the 
couple that a caesarean was 
n ecessary, something every 
expert witness had said was 
the only sensible course. It was 
the action of “a crusader, and 
a crusader with perhaps .a 
rather sharp temper as well, 
which is altogether a danger- 
ous combination” 

Mr Kennedy said the issue 
was not about philosophies of 
care such as Mrs Savage's 

admiiaM e mmwiitmwit to Iry 

to achieve vaginal rather than 
caesarean deliveries -of her 
commitment to the “excellent 
principle” of community care 
for expectant mothers, ft was 
about “rite safety in practice of 

aBy when it is time 
captain to be on the bridge, 
then that speaks -of 
incompetence”. . ' 

Junior, doctors had tele- 
phoned other consultants 
rather than her for advice 
about her cases because they 
were unhappy with her ap- 
proach, be saicL 

Mr Kennedy denied that the 
inquiry into the cases had 
been “engineered by a 
conspiracy” of her fellow con- 
sultants. Their concern, which 
■led to most of them refusing to 
cover her cases, was a true 

From an affidavit by Profes- 
sor Peter Huntmgford, who 
was Mrs Savage's professor at 
tiie London Hospital prior to 
the appointment of Professor 
Jurgis Grorizmskas in 1983, it 
was dear it was “quite wrong 
to suggest that all the difficul- 
ties that have arisen at the 
London Hospital have arisen 
through the marfrinarining of 

It was “remarkable”, be 
said, that Professor 
Huntingford had not been 
called as the man who had 
wanted to appoint her 
The hearing ends today. 

Olympic sprinter Kathy Cook with the insignia of the MBE she received yesterday. 

Sporting honours 

. -Kathy -Cook, the interna- 
tional sprinter, received the 
"tctgmfl of MBE from the 
Prince of Wales yesterday and 
said: “This is not just for me, 
but for all women in athletics.” 

Kathy, aged 25, from 
Churchbfidge, near Cannock, 
Staffordshire, was created an 
MBE in the New Year Hon- 
ours for services to athletics. 

She was Olympic 400 me- 
tres braize medal winner hi 

1984. When she told file 
Prince that she was training 
far the Commonwealth Games 
in Edinburgh this rammer he 
replied: 1 hope it will be a 
gold this time.” 

But Miss Cook and bo 1 
husband conld not celebrate 
the i nvesti ture. She was in 
t raining for a women's invita- 
tion 200 metre event today at 
Cosford, near Wolverhamp- 

TT Formula One 1 world 
motor-cycle champion Joey 
Doniop also received the insig- 
nia of the MBE from the 

Last season the rider, aged 
34, from BaHymoaey, Co- 
Antrim, Northern Ireland, 
captured his fourth successive 
TT Formula One world title by 
winning &D six rounds of the 

Athletics preview, page 36 

New authority to manage Broads 

The Government is to set 
up an authority with extensive 
powers to manage the Broads 
area ofNorfolk and Suffolk on 
the lines ofa national park. 

The authority will bring the 
ement oft 

management of both fond and 
water under the control of a 

statutory body, funded jointy 
Countryside Commis- 

by the 

sion and local authorities. 

Announcing the decision 
yesterday in a Commons writ- 
ten reply, Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment, told Mr Rich- 
ard Ryder. Conservative MP 
for Mid-Norfolk: “This is a 
nationally important area for 
landscape, nature' conserva- 

tion and recreation. 

“We are convinced that if 
the steady decline of its ecolo- 
gy is to be reversed the 
ar ran g e ments for manag in g 
the land and water resources 
of this unique area must be 
put on a statutory basis.” 

The Government will 
present its own Bill 

aged 8 


A girl aged eight involved in. 
prostitution appeared before a 
juvenile court at Wolver- 
hampton yesterday . 

The girl had been seen by 
vice squad police officers op- 
erating in the town's red light 
district She was in the compa- 
ny of known prostitutes and 
was seen to get into a car 
driven by a man with one of 
the prostitutes. Money was 
seen to have changed hands. 
But ft is not known whether 
she kept the money or handed 
it to the prostitute. 

Mrs Sheila Bull, a legal 
officer with Wolverhampton 
council, told the magistrates 
that they were very concerned 
about the girl's future and her 
activities in the vice area. She 
applied to the court for an 
interim care order for 28 days 
which was granted by the 

After the case Mrs Bull said: 
“One does not like anyone to 
get involved in that scene but 
at eight years of age it is 

She said, that she believed 
the girl was familiar with 
Wolverhampton's vice area 
and she had been going there 
on her own. Tbe police were 
checking other reports of tbe 
girl being involved in vice 

Mrs Bull told the court that 
they were very concerned 
about the gjifs activities in tbe 
red light district and worried 
about her long-term future. 

She said that her parents 
had no control over her and it 
was important that she was 
not exposed to prostitution. 
She added^We have informa- 
tion that tbe girl is left to get 
on as she pleases by her 
mis. “She has a degree of 

ft is understood that the 
police learnt about the girl's 
activities from other prosti- 
tutes arrested in the vice area. 

Luce halts 
export of 


By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 





A Raphael cartoon, valued 
at about £1 million tins been 
sold by Lord Coke to the 
National Gallery, Washing- 
ton, but the issue of an export 
lipma has been delayed for 
six months on the instructions 
of Mr Richard Luce, the Arts 

Tbe delay is intended to give 
a British institution time to try 
to raise the purchase price. 

The large Mack chalk draw- 
ing was a preparation for the 
painting “La Belle 
Jardinfere”, which is in the 
Louvre. It is tbe same size as 
the painting (940mm by 
668mm) and is pricked along 
tbe main outlines so that 
Raphael could pounce the 
design on to the canvas. 

The drawing was the first 
genome Raphael to reach a 
British collection in the eigh- 
teenth century. It was bought 
by Lord Leicester and was part 
of the gnat art collection 
round which he bult Hoik ham 
Hail, in Norfolk, 

The drawing's thin paper 
has become very discoloured 
after ha»g*»»g for nearly three 
centuries at H®lkham, and the 
composition is difficult to dis- 
tinguish. Lord Coke said yes- 
terday Hm>i Washington had 

sent experts to Britain and 
that it thought restoration 

He added that be bad not 
yet been approached by any 
interested British institution. 

The two paintings to be sold 
at Christie's were also bought 
by the first Lord Leicester. 

Christie's expects a price of 
about £500,000 for “The Ado- 
ration of the Magi” a seven- 
teenth-century work by Mattia 
Prod, and a striking Manner- 
ist panel by Amlco Aspertini, 
the Bolognese artist, who lived 
from 1475-1552, is expected to 
fetch more than £300,000. 






_ i 

£8,550 for 

• .. i 


lost cuddle 

Mrs Anne Mason-. 

aged 31, an air hostess 

cannot face her husband in 
bed for a goodnight coddle 
because 'Of injuries suffered in 
a carj^crident, wqn£8J5fr 
damages in the HighComtin 
-London yesterday? ^ -; . 

The former Miss Personal 
rofMarichesteralso gpyeixp 
aimed promotional mtitt l or 
her employer, British Airways, 
after being I<& scarred in the 
accident in April 1983 while 
crossing the Bath Road out- 
side Heathrow airport 
Mr Justice Caulfield, mak- 
ing the award; said she gets 
embarrassed by the scars left 
on her face and also suffers 
headaches. She also avoids 
sunbtihing because the scars 

The judge ordered the driv- 
er, Mr Paul - Hayden 
Applegarth, of Mcknrneade 
Park, Staines, Middlesex, to 
pay tbe damages. He had 

denied liability. 

After the hearing Mrs Mar 
son-Apps, of Springfield Cot; 
tages, Star Lane, Knowl H3L 
near Reading, Berkshire, said: 
“I am relieved it is all over 
and happy with the d amage s.” 

banned from 
entering UK 

Bhagwan Shite Rajneesh. 
the Indian guru banned from 
the United States, was yester- 
day refused entry to Britain. 

He was hdd by hnm^axion 
officials at Heathrow ai rport 
overnight after arriving from 
Crete in a private jet, and left 

at lunchtime, the Home Office 

said. “He was reftised entry 
because his presence in this 
conn ay would not have been 
conducive to the public 
good;” a spokesman said, 
adding: “2 am not prepare d as 
yet to say where he has now 

Rajneesh, known as the 

“Guru of the Rich"* was 
ordered out of Greece after 
staying at tbe home of a film 
director in eastern Crete. 

He bad originally born or- 

dered to stayouttif the U ntied 
States for five years after 
paying a $400,000 fine to the 
Government, for breaking lm* 

- 1 . . . I Tf_ ___ *A 

to get his recruits into 

get walks 

By Hngh Dayton 
Environment Correspondent 


‘ultimate 9 


A computerized walks regis- 
ter was opened yesterday to 
tbeJtope of bringing order to 
the psw&g-- chaor ■ of ' the 
natinyb-fapg rffehmrr pubfic 

way vpf risWrt with theCem- 
tiymde Cawngferian, said that 
tbe devising of tang-distance 
footpaths by stringing several 
whitin g jwtht had 

became a national pastime. 

Bat work on such paths 
often went no farther tout 
plotting there on a map. The 
resnft was that wane so-called 
long-distance paths were root- 
ed through unsuitable feud, 
Mr Hickey said at the opening 
of the - Long-Distance 
Walkers’ Association's com- 
puterized advisory service for 
corapfera of footpaths if at 
least 20 mBes far length. 

The archive already has 
detirib of more than 300 such 
paths. Its purpose is to show 

the prospective creators of new 

p t ffc f where they will cross 
drif ting ones , aid to help 
compilers to avoid pfenning 
new paths offering no advan- 
tage over eristiag ones. 

LPO picks 


Carl Davis (above), 
becomes associate cc 
toe London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra in September, 1987. 

— ^ 

composed music for every mem- 
wh from a score for the AK 
Qm, Napoleon, atriraph on n» 
revival in I980,te the mwMeL 
fire and Ice, for TomH_and 
Dean, to be shown on London 
Weekend Tefertnon at the end 
of the year. 

The latest chic parlour 
game, designed for the sharp 
intellects of Mensa members, 
is - attracting players by the 

It is the inspiration of Iain 
Sinclair, a brother of Sir Give 
Sinclair, the home computer 
gnmand himself a member of 
Mois£ Design Marketing, 
which manufactaresthe game, 
says that the response has 
encouraged it to bring forward 
plans to offer the game to the 

The objective of the game, 
called “Mensa Steps", is to 
teach the top of a stepped 
sculpture by answering IQ 
questions. Flayers go through 
seven levels of complexity. 
There is one question for level 
one, two for level two, and so 
On up to seven for the top 
level Successful players re- 
ceive from the manufacturers 
a chrome statue to place on 
the relevant step. 

Mr Harold Gale, executive 
director of British Mensa, 
said: “The response from our 
members underlines my belief 
that this is the ultimate bram- 

The starter kit, which con- 
sists of toe steps, the first 
chrome figure and level-two 
questions, costs £22.95. 

Starters must first answer a 
qualifying problem: 9 5 12 6 = 
12. Mfaesmg between each of 
the numbers is the correct 
arithmetic symbol, +,-,x or 4-. 

Answers to Design Market- 
ing Ltd, London House, Lon- 
don Street, Andover, 
Hampshire SP10 2QX. 

Six face trial 

over riot 
death of PC 

Three men and three 
rules accused of m 
Police Constable Kei _ 
Blakelock during the Totten- 
ham riot in north London last 
October were committed by 


Criminal Court All are fur- 
ther charged with riot They 

Winston SScott aged 25, of 
Broadwater Farm Estate, 
Tottenham; Mark Braithwaitc, 

-19, of rannage way, wooa 
Green; and two juveniles aged 
14 and one aged 15. Braith write 
and Raghip also face a charge of 

BBC takes all the top TV awards 

m. ni f - - - Diwtui Van. tiuit Imth #1 

yesterday when top 
aw a r ds were made, fay 
b ro adc asting Press Gmd- •• - 

The BBC took aB right 
performance and pr ug ra mm e- 
wting tetffa. 

The War Game, made by 
Peter Watkins in 1965 bat 
banned from the television 
screens for 20 years, was 
eventually shown on BBC last 
year and won a top award for 

Radio Four took both die 
radio awards. Mary Goldring, 

Bob Geldof, the Live Aid 
ngufrtr was named as the 

conn a ercfad stations was a 

safes Analysis, woe mtnwd fis- 
her outstanding personal con- 
tribution to radio, and toe 
. outstanding programme con- 
tribution award went to The 
Thatelur Phenomenon. 

• -* and find was. tor the best 
fegptted jnpsBWic, -the 

American comedy Chasrs. 

The pn»e«tei5*w by the 

corre spond m te aari critics, 
were shown Oir BjJC 
television SPAUeMMotOne 

onstimfing attribution to 

television to front of the 
■ exareras ma »<m-actingca|Htt- 

II3 Tbe BBCs pofitfcal OriOer 
Edge of Darkness, was named 
the best drama series and fas 
star. Bob Peck, shared the 
best *dar award with Ben 
/, for bis performance 
:A turner. 

BBC Teteviston’s 

awards were best single doca- 
mestary, Simon’s Peace; best 
doemnoriary series. Can- 
nodes; best arts programme 
-Arena; best performance by an 
actress, Mary Steenbmgen for 
Tender is the Night; and best 

CTVI Wd y Kgkr m l w 1a fiinn>nl 

programme, Victoria Wood 
(As Seen On TV). 




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Mass starvation and 
Aids outbreak ‘would 
follow nuclear war’ 

Billions of people would 
starve to death in a worldwide 
catastrophe as a result of 
nuclear war. the British Medi- 
cal Association said in a report 
published yesterday. 

The report raises the spectre 
of a change as cataclysmic as 
that which exterminated the 
dinosaurs, when it is thought a 
large meteorite struck the 
earth, causing an explosion 
which covered the world in a 
dust cloud. 

In the short term, crop 
production would be impossi- 
ble if sunlight levels were 
reduced bv 50 per cent as a 
result of debris thrown up by 
nuclear explosions, the report 
says.There would also be a big 
increase in Aids-related dis- 
eases and cancers. 

Based on recent research 
into the “nuclear winter” 
which would follow a war. the 
report paints a picture “of a 
worldwide catastrophe incom- 
parably worse even than that 
which emerges by simple ex- 
trapolation from the devasta- 
tion of Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki. It is an entirely 
freshponrait of human suffer- 
ing on an almost inconceiv- 
able scale. 

“The earth's population is 
more vulnerable to the indi- 
rect effects of the nuclear war. 
(through its effect on food 
supplies) than the direct 

The United Kingdom. 

plan for 
the North 

Plans to create 90.000 jobs 
in the North-west were dis- 
closed yesterday by leaders of 
the Uberal-SDP Alliance. 

Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader, and Mrs Shirley Wil- 
liams. SDP president, out- 
lined proposals at a news 
conference in Manchester to 
reduce the area's unemploy- 
ment queue of 450,000 as pin 
of the Alliance's national 
Worksearch campaign. 

Mrs Williams accused the 
Government of ripping apart 
the area and blamed high 
unemployment on Mrs 
Thatcher's policies and the 
Labour Party 

Mr Seed sard it cost £6, 500a 
year to keep a person unem- 
ployed and the Alliance’s al- 
ternative Budget, to be 
announced next week, would 
call for £5 billion to be spent 
reducing unemployment 

Among the recommenda- 
tions in the Worksearch cam- 
paign are the transfer of 
employment policy and mon- 
ey from Whitehall to elected 

By Richard Dowden 

which imports much of its 
food, would be extremely 
vulnerable. “It cannot fail to 
strike any reviewer of the 
literature on nuclear winter 
how silent the UK Govern- 
ment has been on the nuclear 
winter issue." 

The report urges the Gov- 
ernment to assist the United 
States and the Soviet Union m 
their studies on the nuclear 
winter and suggests that Brit- 
ain undertake a study of its 

It concludes: “Only if a large 
proportion of the population 
(of the UK) were killed in the 
attack would there be enough 
food for the survivors. Distri- 
bution difficulties and radio- 
active fallout would limit the 
availability of remaining food 
supplies. Quite small climatic 
changes in the appropriate 
seasons could prevent the 
growth of future crops. Gi- 
matic effects on agriculture in 
other countries, and the dis- 
ruption of international trade, 
could prevent the import of 
food needed to keep survivors 

In addition to mass starva- 
tion the report predicts an 
increase in acquired immune 
deficiency syndrome, al- 
though not of the viral kind. 
"Animal studies have shown 
that radiation impairs the 
immune system, and there is 
much clinical evidence of 
immuno suppression by X- 

i eradiation in humans. ~a 
marked increase in Aids-relat- 
ed diseases should be antici- 
pated among such survivors." 

In addition radiation could 
cause genetic diseases and a 17 
per cent increase in cancer 

The study is based on recent 
research from a number of 
sources and although it admits 
that “a precise numerical de- 
scription of the long-term 
consequences of a large-scale 
nuclear war is impossible" it 
concludes that a climatic 
change is likely. 

The long-term biological 
changes resulting from climat- 
ic changes may be at least as 
serious as the immediate ones. 

A previous BMA report. 
The Medical Effects of Nuaear 
War, published in 1983, was 
denounced as "quite 
irresponsible" by Mr Michael 
Heseltine, then Secretary of 
State for Defence, and as 
“distorted" by the Home Of- 

Allhough the new report 
says that it should not be 
interpreted as a view for or 
against nuclear disarmament, 
it says that people should be 
made aware of the long-term 
consequences of nuclear war. 

The Long Term Environmental 
and Medical Effects of Nuclear 
War (Board of Science and 
Education of the British Medi- 
cal Association. BMA House, 
Tavistock Square, London 
WC1H 9JP; £5.00). 

An all-party select commit- 
tee has drawn up a letter to be 
sent to journalists and infor- 
mation to be sought, after a 
decision by the Commons last 

Lobby and press gallery 
journalists will have to declare 
the name of the employer on 
whose behalf they were issued 
the pass necessary to gain 
entry to the palace and list any 
other paid work where thetr 
privileged access is relevant 
Journalists will be required 
to name consultancies and 

Mr Roy Mason, former 
Labour Cabinet minister, told 
the Commons when it debated 
the issue that the register was 
necessary because of “nefar- 
ious, dubious, money-making 
activities" by some journalists 
and research assistants, abus- 
ing their privileged access. 

Members’ secretaries and 
research assistants, about 
1,200 people, will also be 
required to declare any addi- 
tional “gainful occupation" 
which a House of Commons 
pass affords them. 

regional bodies. 

£16m paid out 

A total of £16,807,617 was 
paid last year in compensation 
under Northern Ireland’s 
criminal damage legislation, 
Mr Nicholas Scott, Under- 
secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland, said in a 
Commons written reply yes- 

Missing children hunt 

Michael Kemp, aged 47, 
was being sought yesterday 
after disappearing with five of 
his 22 children. 

The missing children, aged 
from two to eight, have been 
made wards of court by the 
London borough of South- 
wark which was supervising 
Mr Kemp and the children 

Reporters’ clients 
listed for MPs 

By Stephen Goodwin, Political Staff 

Journalists working at Par- public relations companies 
liament will be asked next from whom they receive any 
week to declare the names of fee, as well as press and 
all their clients in a drive to broadcasting diems, 
stam p out the supply of inside Replies are expected to be m 
information to companies and the bands of the authorities by 
pressure groups. the end of the Easter recess on 

About 250 newspaper and April 8, after which a register 
agency reporters and broad- of their interests will be placed 
casters work at the Palace of in the Commons library. 
Westminster and some run MPs will be able to study 
lucrative sidelines working for the register, but it will not be 
non-journalistic organiza- open to the public and photo- 
lions. copies will not be permitted. 

when they disappeared three 1 
months ago. 

The children, Sabrina, Ro- 
we na, Michael. Sapphire, and 
Jason were living with their 
father in bed-ancUbreakfast 
accommodation in York 
Road. Southend, when they 

The Bath Pump Room Trio 
striking a note for Britain’s second 
most popular tourist attraction 
when it opened again on Thursday 
after an £80,000 restoration pro- 
gramme which took two months to 

Judge tells At 
to appeal 

A judge jailed an arsonist 
for 33 months yesterday - and * \ 

immediately advised him to <*&dS 0 Q 
appeal against the sentence. mgwith 
«Jadge Leo Clark, at Oxford panics t 
Crown Court, told Graham pounds: 
Ginger “I have no doubt that on rale 
the right place for yon is in the Health., 
secure walls of a hospital, but A spe 
u nfo rt u n a tely ao place is avail- “rnbbtsl 
able. Govern! 

“In the tircnmstuiceS' there accept J 
is absolutely no alternative for America 
me Init a sentence of imprison- dustry a 
meat. I recognize that this is “Wes 
not the most satisfactory way confidei 
of dealing with yon. no offer 

“I hope that yon wffl appeal snm has 
against the sentence because it yesterda 
sometimes happens that fadli- -jjje 
ties are made available that extreme 
win enable yon to be dealt with theobjei 
in a different wHy. I can only toensun 
say that I hope that happens." than iso 
The corat heard that ceu tical 
Ginger, aged 37, of Somerton, scheme. 

Oxfordshire, was arrested last 

November after a bam fire 
which caused more than 
£16,060 worth of damage. 

Ginger, who is mtemployed, 
was mi probation at the time 
for other offences, including 
arson attempts! 


£lm steel aid £2 

Steel workers at Glengarnock, uif? tl 
Strathclyde, and ®uiy tv 

Skumingrove, Cleveland, are tradition 
to get about £1.3 million in k* ve 
grant for retraining, the Euro- s* 1 " 0 
pean Community Commis- picture i 
sion announced in Brussels merest 
yesterday. Five hundred and America 
thirty-three workers will bene- nigh-pro 
fit. son of 

- Kent. 

Baby in box 

. , Christie! 

A boy, thoughtto be two hoars afternooi 
old, was found abandoned in a in yesten 
cardboard box at the back of a sir A1 
shop in north Kensington, best of l 
London, yesterday. He was 0 f the t 
“doing well" at St Mary’s popular 
Hospital last night and prir 

i Trio Alistair Hinton (piano), Sheena making 
second Power (cello), and Michael Evans centan 
[action (violin) were among the first to see only to 
orsday the pristine chandelier, the re- The 
u pro- painted grey, white and blue deoocr time i 
nths to sod restored gold leaf. A million budget 
visitors are expected tins year, return* 

Attempt to recoup 
NHS drug profits 

By Robin Young 

The Department of Health . “There have been suteran- 
and Social Security is negotiat- obI refunds from other drugs 
ing with American drug com- ^mpBiiies is the , 
panies to recoup millions of Th c PHSS s principal con- 
pounds in excess profits made cot is over transfer pay- 
on sales to the National mco®* by which United 
Health Service. Kingdom subsidiaries are 

* j- __ used to feed excess profits 

“rubbish” reports that the jj”* ^ wmmni* 
Government had offered to 

dustry association, the ABPL 

“We are stiD in the midst of A foil investigation was 
confidential negotiations and ordered after the Commons 
no offer to accept any specific pubhf accounts committee 
snm has been made," he said found that mflhons of pounds 
yesterday. were being lost by overpay- 

“The issues involved are ment to the drugs companies. - 

extremely complicated, but 
the object of our negotations is 
to ensure that we pay no more 
than is dire under the pharma- 
ceutical price regulation 

Ministers have suggested; 
that unless the companies, 
accept a reduction on the 1986- j 
87 mil they will impose new 
price limits under the 1977 
National Health Service Act 

United’s man ager, Mr Ron 
Atkinson, said be was disgust- 
ed by the hoax call. 


By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Decorative British paint- 
ings of die late nineteenth and 
early twentieth century, in 
traditional figurative styles, 
have suddenly become one of 
the strongest sectors of the 
picture market, aided by the 
interest of a few wealthy 
American collectors and a new 
high-profile buyer in the per- 
son of Princess Michael of 

There was a rash of 
unlooked-for high prices at 
Christie’s sale on Thursday 
afternoon and more followed 
in yesterday morning's sale 
Sir Alfred M minings, the 
best of British horse painters 
of the twentieth century, is 
popular both with Americans 
and princesses. “Off to the 

Fair" of 1912, a boy riding : 
downhill with a group of 
homes towards the tents of a 
lair, sold for £77.760 (estimate 
£I5,OOO-£2Q,O00) with Prin- 
cess Michael underbidding on 
behalf of MacConnal Mason, 
the company she works . 

It was bought by an un- 
named bidder, who also paid 
the top price in the sale at 
£118,800 (estimate 

£60,000-£9 0,000) for 
M minings’ “A Michaelmas 
Sale on a Suffolk Farm" of 

ham Boat aub^894" by Ar- 
thur Spooner, a very fine 
atmospheric rendering of the 
members getting their boat 
out on to the river, by a little- 
known artist, sold on its sheer 
decorative quality fin- £91,800 

(estimate £25,000-£35,000) to 
Richard Green, the London 
dealer, against strong interest 
from America. The mice set 
an auction price record for the 
artist, as did the £75,600 
(estimate £20,000-£30,000) 
for Joseph Edward SoufhalTs 
“The Nut Brown Maid" of 
1902-04, a medieval scene in 
Pre-Raphaelite mood. 

Princess Michael made one 
successful purchase, Harold 
Harvey’s - “Morning 
Sunshine" of 1911 at £23,760 
(estimate £20,00-^25,000); 
two young girls walking across 
a sunlit meadow by a popular 
Newlyn School artist The sale 
totalled £115 million with 8 
per cent unsold. 

Christie's offered more ab- 
stract, “modernist”, work in 
yesterday’s sale of twentieth 

making the Pimp Room, two 
centuries old, second in popularity 
only to the Tower of London* 

- The work was completed on 
time and was £10,000 below 
budget. AH that is awaited is the 
return of the curtains. 

UP Boy given 
■fc promise 
of replay 

Manchester United said 
mbstan- ytsterday it would try to 
£ drugs rearrange the charity football 
match for a leukaemia victim 
pal con- aged five which was ruined by 
sr pay- ^ HtBT caller. 

United Christopher Buckingham, 
B Jj® of Falcon Court, Grantham, 
ptonis who is having a bone marrow 
expknt- transplant next week, was due 
,wa 9 ces to kick off a charity match on 
moti on, Thursday n^ht between Matt- 
opment Chester united and the focal 
G rantham 

3n was But a hoax caller told 
immons united officials at:. Old 
mnrttee Traffoni that the match was 
pounds off becaosrGraatham’s flood- ; 
iverpay- Hghts bad foiled: When Umt- 
ipames. ■ ■ ed"fa3ed to arrive, a match 
uggested between Grantham first team i 
m panies and the reserves was hastily i 


builders to 
feel long 
aim of law 

By Frances Gftfr 
Legal Affaire Corrspocdent 

A EtiU to refonn the law so 
that individual* can sac build- 
ers or professional advisers for 
TKgKyni work, although the 
damage is not discovered until 
manv years later, was pub- 
lishcdby the Lord Chancellor 
yesterday* . . 

The Latent Damage Bill 
ainw to temovc luffitiumty 
and potential rigustice in the 
existing hw -which may occur, 
for example, when a builder 
. acts negligently in construa- 
sional business advice is given 
which, years later, proves robe 

Sometimes serious damage 
may. be.soffcred by the cheat 
many years fader, but under 
the present law of limitation, 
negligence churns cannot be 
brougir after six yean from 
the date os which the damage 

Use KB will provide a 
imyh longer period in which 
ntdmdoais in such cases can 
■bring a claim, by allowing a 
forther three yean from the 
date when foe individual 
knew, or shook! have known, 
about foe damage. 

Irwin also provide a safe- 
guard to bailoera and others 
who otherwise could face pro- 
ceedings many years after 
their work was completed. 

This win be done by bring- 
ing in a. “kH«-5top", barring 
proceedings after 15 years 
from the original negligent act. 

At present the law can tie 
opferr to such defendants. 
Builders and professional ad- 
visers have no way of know- 
ing, wfaea they take on work, 
bow Jong they may remain 
liable. They can have difficul- 
ty obtaforing insurance cover 
in those circumstances, and 
also fece problems defending 
an action based on a stale 
claim many years after the 
evens that gave rise to it 

The Bilk which is based cm 
recommendations by the 
Government's. Law Reform 
Committee, will also give a 
right of action to a person who 
acquires already-damaged 
property, when foe feet of 
damag e is not known and 
could not be known. 

century British paintings, but 
again it was the traditional 
works that proved most popu- 
lar. Spencer Gore’s “Behind 
the Btind n ofl906 r agiri seated 
at her dressingtabte, made the 

top price at £28,080 {estimate 
£KJ,000-£1 5,000). The sak to- 
talled £379,609, with 15 per 
cem unsold. 

The Victoria Cross and 
other medals awarded to 
Field-Marshal Sir George 
White, foe hero of the Siege of 
Ladysmith, was sold at 
Sotheby’s on Thursday after- 
noon for £60.500 (estimate 
£50,000-£60,000) to foe Gor- 
don Highlanders in Edin- 
burgh. Sir Geoxge won his VC 
during foe Second Afghan 
War. “It is the second highest 
price on record for a Victoria 



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2 Year Super Term Shares 


Industrial relations 


Wapping move condemned 


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No decent citizen would 
attempt morally to justify the 
scenario which had been 
created at Wapping, Mr John 
Enos (St Hejens North, Lab) 
said in opening a Commons 
debate on employment rights. 
A ruthless employer. Mr 
Murdoch, had been able to use 
the law in a way the House 
never intended. 

Mr Evans said it was the 1980 
Employment Act which first 
mounted the attack on the 
closed shop and restricted the 
right to picket and secondary 
action in furtherance of a trade 
dispute. That had created the 
nightmarish situation at 
Wapping. The Act bad been 
amended, altered and shaped 
by judges and the legal 
profession to do what was 
never intended.. 

It had allowed Mr Murdoch 
and other employers to 
construct a chain of limited 
companies to create a legal 
fiction of separation. 

Because a chain of small 
private limited companies had 
been erected between them, 
even where the same work was 
being done for the same 
employer, a situation was 
created where the words 
-secondary action" could be 
brought into play. 

Not only had the workers 
been denied their work but the 
right to redundancy payments 
and even the right to take 

unfair dismissal claims iq 


Trade unionists at Wapping 
had had their jobs taken away 
from under their noses and 
they had no claims whatever, 
no remedies against their 

The Prime Minister had 

constantly urged employers to 
use anti— union legislation to 
bring workers to bed. 

Mr Nigel Forman (Carshalton 
and WaHington, Cj said it was 
sad that the print workers who 

went on strike at Mr Rupert 
Murdoch's newspapers 
virtually dismissed themselves. 

This story was the stuff of 
industrial tragedy more than, 
anything else. He hoped that 
even at this late stage, a better 
solution could be found. 
Restrictive practices by print 
unions would never have gone 
on without the connivance of 
weak and, m some cases, 
incompetent managements. 

Mr Michael Foot (Blaenau 
Gwent. Lab) said it was the 
duty of the House of Commons 
to try to find an honourable 
escape from the Wapping 

If the News International 
operation were repeated or tol- 
erated by the government of the 
day, the consequences for Brit- 
ish industrial relations would be 
very serious indeed. Emminenl 
journalists now producing The 
Times felt they had been sub- 
jected to duress. Their own 
agreement had been flagrantly 
broken by the management. 
Since early 1 98S. the unions had 
been prepared to negotiate with 
Mr Murdoch. Mr Peter 
Thomham (Bolton North East, 
O asked why had only Wapping 
been mentioned. Why not Mr 
Eddie Shah's new daily paper 
Today, which was producing 
with such a high rate ot 
productivity? It was producing 
something with 600 people in- 
stead of 6,000. 

Mr Martin O'Neill (Clackman- 
nan, Lab), who is sponsored by 
the National Graphical Associ- 
ation. one of the unions in- 
volved in the Wapping dispute, 
said it had been caused by the 

Mr Murdoch had not been 
concerned with introducing 
new technology but with trying 
to cut his costs in order to 
transfer massive profits out of 
the United Kingdom to finance 
his activities in the United 

There was something wrong 
with corporate arrangements, 
with company law, when 
foreigners could come here, 

acquire newspapers and then 

export the profits created by 
British working people and at 
the expense of their jobs. 

The employment rights of 
British workers (he continued) 
are being undermined with 
every hour that the Wappping 
dispute continues. 

At Wapping, wretched 
people were working in 
intolerable conditions, 
intimidated by ruthless 

They are being exploited (he 
said) because they are 
frightened because they do not 
have any other jobs to go to. 

Mr Eric Hefler (Liverpool, 
Walton, Lab) said Labour must 
restore workers* rights and give 
them extra rights which they 
had never had before. 

Mr John Prescott, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
employment, said foe News 
International dispute at 
Wapping had exposed 
important, issues which 
Parliament must address in 
future negotiations. Murdoch 
would not have been able to 
refuse to negotiate in the 
United States, but he was able 
to do so in Britain. If this 
country had laws shifting still 
more the balance to employers, 
with little regard for justice or 
collective bargaining, that 
would hasten the time when 
the legislation should be 
reviewed. The Government's 
industrial relations legislation 
had been designed solely to 
assist employers ami many - 
unscrupulous ones were using 
it to that effect. 

Mr David Trippksr, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Employment, 
said that he did not wish to say 
anything which would exacer- 
bate the situation at Wapping 
but Acas could have a signifi- 
cant role to play. He was broadly 

sympathetic. Acas was following 
the dispute closely and was 
willing to make itself available 
at any time. 

Labour MPs must not ask the 
Government to get involved. 
They had tried an that in the 
days of beer and sandwiches at 
Num.ber 10. 

Early end 
to tin crisis 

unlikely worker buy-out 


It seemed unlikely at this stage 
that a settlement in the tm 
crisis could be reached to 
secure a' return to orderly 
trading, Mr Alan Clark, 
Minister for Trade, said in a 
Commons statement following 
the collapse of tire months-long , 
attempt to rescue the: 
international tin market 

He said that had the ITC 
countries collectively shown 
greater urgency and 
responsibility from the outset, 
a solution might have been 
found. If a substantial number 
of ITC countries was prepared 
to make an effort to resolve the 
crisis, the British Government 
would be wilting to join 
discussions, -but - was not 
prepared alone to take over 
responsibility for ITC debts. 

Mr David Harris (St Ives, C) 
said h was a tragedy that, 
having got so far, the 
negotiations had broken down. 
There were tremendous 
implications for the future of 
London as a commodity 
trading centre, big implications 
for the third world, and 
worrying implications for . the 
Cornish tin industry. 

Mr Clark: The United 
Kingdom has played a leading 
part in the attempt to achieve a 

Mr Alan WBBaras (Swansea, 
West), an Opposition 
spokesman on trade, said the 
Government bad nothing 
positive to put forward. The 
collapse most have been a 
strong possibility throughout 
the four months of negotiation. 

Since' many commodity 
brokers dealt in other 
commodities, there could be 
repercussions beyond the 
market m tin and put at risk 
the whole of the London Metal 


Mr Pmil Chanson, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
told the Commons he h ud 
given his consent to the sale of 
Vickers Shipbuilding and 
Engineering limited to the 
VS EL Employee Consortium 
pic. Their offer (Ire said) 
consists of a downpayment of 
£60 minion together with a 
profit-sharing arrangement for 
the period 1986-92 which 
should provide British 
Shipbuilders with further 
payments of up to £40 million 
in 1992 and 1993. 

The Consortium had 

Opposition spokesman on 
trade, said the whole saga 
revealed the tensions ana 
disagreements between ' the 
defence and -trade aid industry 

Was it true that Trafalgar 
was allowed to submit its bid 
after the. deadline? The House 
would ward - to know . what 
assurances were being given in the bid accepted for 
the future of Cammell Laird 
and - for the security of 
employment of those , who 
would be affected by this 

Is h nor an- ultimate 
absurdity (he went on) that the 
Government is ' selling - into 
private hands the only yard 

Mr Chaanmt replied that he 
co mple te ibe Trident could not awnt w&fll Mr 


.On _ Wednesday the Mr CecH Franks (Barrow and 
consortium gave tire ministry Fnmess, Q *akL the st ateme n t 
an undertaking -that -it would demonstrated - r- :tbe 
negotiate a contract for the first . Government’s confidence in 
Tndent submarine on term*, th e N orth West. The premier 
price. programme and submarine bulkier of the 
conditions which repr e s e n ted a uanon could look with, great 
significant improvement to the confidence, to tire twenty-first 
MoD on the t erms previously ..century. •' - ------ 

offered, -fry - VSEL - while, a Sir Anthony Back (Colchester 
remained under the control of rorth, Q asked Mr Charinon 
British Shipbuilders. • to confirm, that this solution 

The Consortium's was not . provided the best chance of tire 
"the mily bid for -VSEL The R?y*L. Navy gening its 
commercial terms of tire other- subm arines, on tune on 
bid were judged by British 

Shipbuilders and their financial- ; - ChannotuI am sure 

.advisers, so far as they affected provides a very good assurance 
British. Shipbuilders, ” to be Mr Christopher Chape 
superior to those of the (Southampton, Itched, Q 
Consortium's bicL sought .an assurance" that 

But (he went on) there is a VosperThorneycroft wquld not 
finther term , in tire other bid, be tmfltirfy* tendered m its 
which I am bound not . to. efforts to compete freely and 
disdose without the^ bidder’s openly in bids for mercharn 
. pennissson, which I found and Royal Navy steps. 
yeiy. difficult to accept ' Mr Channorcl am sure they 

Mr . Alan : Williams, an can. compete. 

' ? 4? 



H ir-itu v 

• l ull 1 JLiVliA> Qrvl UiU/rt X IrAnJLVV -11 

6 i>uO 

O V — » WA-i'W Mju H J 

229 days, 7,996 arrests and 757 deaths 





Jo^r-21: Emergency imposed 
m 36 m a a steriai,distrk«s/ 19 
m Johaaaesburgregkm and 17 
in Eastern Cape. 

August 8: Scnous 
Indian and African 
round Durban. 

August 15: President Botha 
feite to announce . expected 
reforms at party congress in 
Purban, setting off run on foe 
„ rand." 

- August 28: Serious noting 
spreads to Western Cape. 

. . Sept i: Pretoria freezes debt 
repayments and imposes ex- 
change controls as foreign 
..banks can in loans and rand 

October 15: Police sbodt dead 
at least three in **decoy tnick** 
incident m Athlone. colo ured 
suburb of Cape Town, pro- 
voking fresh violence. ' 
October 25c Emergency lifted 
insix districts: two in Johan-, 
nesburg region and four in 
Eastern Cape. . 

October 26:_ Emergency ex- 
tended to eight districts in 
Western Cape, including Cape 

November 2r Curbs imposed 
on television and newspaper 
co verage of unrest in emergen- 
cy areas. -• 

November 3: JaSed ANC lead- 
er Nelson Mandela undergoes 
prostate surgery, fuelling ru- 
mours of his release on 
humanitarian'” grounds. 
November 21: Police fire on 
crowd of 50,000 m Mamelodi 
. township near Pretoria, killing 

December 3: Emergency filled 
in . eight districts: .three in 
Johannesburg region and five 
in Eastern CapeL 
December 23.- Bomb in beach- 
front shopping centre outside 
Durban kOIs five whites. 


January 2: Violence breaks 
but in Moutse, north of Pre- 
toria, over government plan to 
transfer part of one tribal 
“homeland” to another. 
Jaanary 31: Opening Parlia- 
ment, President Botha prom- 
ises to abolish “pass laws’* by 
July 1 and offers hatibiial 
statutory council” for negotia- 
tions with black leaders. 
February 7: Emergency lifted 
in seven districts: three in 
Eastern Cape and four in 
Western Cape. 

February 14fc Riots in Alexan- 
dra, blade ghetto in northern 
Johannesburg. At least 23 
people killed over- next few 
days, mostly by police- . 
February 2ft Interim, agree- 
ment withfrmrign bankers <» 

ed in 23 districts: four in 
Western Cape, five in Eastern 
Ope and 14 m Johannesburg 

" From Michael Hornsby - 
Johannesburg . - 

. South Africa’s state oTemer- 
gehey was yesterday suspend- 
ed in its ..entirety, in the 23 
flfagisieriial districts where it 
was stffl in force/by a procla- 
mation published iu the Gm*- 
emmeht Gazette and -signed 
by President Botha. 

One of the effects of the 
suspension is that the curbs on 1 
tdevision and press coverage, 
imposed on November 2 last 
year as part Of the emergency, 
are also tified. - 

But Mr Louis Nel, the 
Deputy Minister of Informa- 
tion. said the police would 
continue to “exercise whatev- 
er legal control, they are enti- 
tled to in terms of oikting 
legislation”. This appears to 
.put the situation hack to 
: where it was before' the emer- 
gency. There are many p teees 
of legislation under which 

restricted. The pofice also 
have wide ad hoc discretion to 
control on-the-spot reporting 
of unrest. 

As if todemonstrate that the 
Government is not weaken- 
ing, Mr StofleT Botha, the 
Minister of Home Affairs, 
yesterday told - three .oew 

The ANC ha* withdrawn two 
officiate from Botswana after 
talks with the oMB&ry’s «u- 
fhorities, Radio Botswana said 
(Reuter reports from Gabo- 
' rone). . • 

President QuettMasire said 
in a ^ntunmt broadcast last 
night that foe officiate would 
leave Botswana because their 
security could no longer be 
gua rante ed. The move fol- 
lowed talks id Lusaka between 
Mr Oliver Tambo, the ANC 
leader, Botswana's Pruodea- 
tial AfEahs Minister, Mr 
Poftatsheto KedBdlwe, and 
President Kanda of Zambia. 

members of America's CBS 
television network that they 
most leave South Africa be- 
fore midnight next Tuesday. 

The three are to meet with 
their lawyer and foe Minister 
on Monday in Cape Town. 

Under foe terms of foe 
emergency imposed on Jnly 
21 hist year and lasting 229 
days — 7,996 persons, of 
whom foe overwhelming ma- 
jority were black and more 
than 2,1 00 were under foe age 
of 16, were detained by police. 

According to foe police, 327 
were stffl in detention -on 
Thursday. But most of these, 
including more than 70 mem- 

bers of the United Democratic 
: Front Anti-Apartheid Move- 
ment were released around 
midnight foal night. However 
a police spokesman said an 
undisclosed number would 
continue to be held and may 
be dunged with public vio- 
lence and other crimes. 

The emergency extended 
the power of arrest without a 
warrant — normally reserved 
'for high-ranking officers - to 
every member of foe force, 
railway police, the prison ser- 
vice and the army. It gave 
them immunity against prose- 
cution for any action earned 
out “in good faith”. 

Indemnity against prosecu- 
tion now lapses but foe police 
still retain very wide powers to 
arrest and detain, without trial 
for indefinite periods, persons 
they deem to be a threat to 
. national security under vari- 
ous sections of the Internal 
Security Act 

President Botha signalled 
his intention to lift the emer- 
gency when addressing a spe- 
cial-session of Parliament fast - 
Tuesday. He said that while 
Sporadic violence was con- 
tinuing, the overall situation 
had improved sufficiently to 
warrant foe suspension. 

It is probably true that foe 
number of violent incidents 

Mr Marcbeson Morobe, pub 

supporters in Ji 

secretary of the UDF, receives a jubilant welcome from 
after being freed yesterday. 

has dropped but there has 
been no decline in foe loss of 
life. Figures collated from 
press and police reports by the 
South African Institute of 
Race Relations show that 757 
people died during foe emer- 
gency — about 3.3 a day. 

This compares with a rate of 
1.7 deaths in a day during the 
period of 1985 preceding the 
emergency. Last month 107 

people were trilled compared 
with 96 last July, foe month 
the emergency was imposed. 
The police reported six more 
deaths nationally in foe 24 
hours before the emergency 
was lifted. 

Somewhere between 50 and 
60 per cent of deaths were 
caused by police action but 
nearly a third were blacks 

killed by other blacks. The 
internecine aspect of black 
violence tended to increase as 
foe emergency wore on. 

At its height, foe emergency 
was in force in 38 magisterial 
districts in foe Johannesburg 
region and foe Western ana 
Eastern Cape, ft affected near- 
ly a third of foe country's 

on US nerves 
over summit date 

US marines 
burnt at . 

From Tony Samstag : 

The ill-fated Mato exercises 
in northern ; Norway were 
dealt another setback yester- 
day when three American 

marines suffered serious burns 
after their tent caught foe. 

Captain Steve Little of Task 
Force Eagle said the 1 0-man 
tent had apparently been set 
alight by a beater at about 
5am. Two of foe men were is 
hospital in Tromsoe and. foe 
third, whose condition was 
said to be critical, was fl own to 
a special burns unit in Bergen. 

The marine s were camped 
south-west of Tro msoe, near 
foe coast and weD away from 
the area in which 14 Norwe- 
gian soldiers died in as ava- 
lanche on Wednesday. 

From Christopher Walker 
■ Moscow . 

As Soviet worianca yester- 
day began removing the sea of 
red hannerSL . winch have 
brightened - Moscow streets 
dnr m g the 27th. Communist 
Party Congress, Mr Mikhail- 
Gorbachov, foe Kremlin lead-, 
er, -was to mark its dose by 
switching attention from do- 
mestic to foreign concerns. 

Soviet sources said they 
expected that , the unprcoe- 
dented debate overfoe special 
privileges of party members 
would now die flown, as it had. 
been xnadedearat the nine- 
day congress that some of the 
most radical reforms being . 
demanded from the grassroots 
on this most sensitive issue 
would not be implemented- 

. . Top of .the . Kremlin’s 
crowded interiiationil agenda 
and a subject of increasing 
diplomatic worry among the 
Western allies is its continuing 
failure to come even.dose to 
an agreement with Washing- 
ton on a dale this year for the 
second superpower summit. . 

During bis 25-minute dos- 
ing address, Mr Gorbachov 
delivered another hint that he 
is prepared to continue play- 
ing brinkmanship with foe 
date to try to secure guaran- 
tees’ from, foe White House 
that some firm deals on arms 
control will emerge in Wash- 
ington. “What should we do? 
Slam foe door?” be ariced the 
5,000 delegates. “It is not 
rated out that we will be 
pushed to do just that.” 

One newly promoted offi- 
cial whose advice oh foe issue 
is expected to be crucial is Mr 
Anatoly Dobrynin, foe Am- 
bassador to Washington for 
more than 20 years, who is 
now due bade in foe Kremlin 
to play a key role in formulat- 
ing- foreign policy as one of 11 

27 th 




members of the Central 
Comoiinee’s secretariat. 

Mr Dobrynin, aged 66, was 
mice described by Dr Henry 
Kissinger, foe former. US Sec- 
retary of State, as one of the 
few Soviet diplomats with a 
keen insight into the psycholo- 
gy of Westerners. In Moscow, 1 
he is expected to advise Mr 
Gorbadiov os developing the 
Kremlin's ploy of using other 
world governments to bring 
influence to bear on foe US on 


• No successor has yet been 
named for foe affable Mr 
Dobrynin, who first presented 
his diplomatic credentials to 
foe President Kennedy in 
March -1962, only months 
before foe world came to the 
brink of war over foe Cuban 
missile crisis. One name circu- 
lating here yesterday was Mr 
Viktor KompWdov, aged 52, 
bead of the US department of 
foe Soviet Foreign Ministry. 

On foe wider stage, 1986 is 
drie to see Mr Gorbachov’s 
first trips as Kremlin leader to 
India, Italy and Greece — 
probably in that order. AD are 
certain to be exploited by the 
well-oiled Kreriiiin public re- 
lations machine to whip 19 
international backing for the 
grandiose world disarmament 
scheme unvefted here on Jan- 
uary 15. 

Western experts expect Mr 
Gorbachov to live up to his 
congress promise to quicken 
the pare of Moscow’s improv- 
ing ties with Peking. But 
progress is likely to be limited 
as long as the Red Army 
remains in Afghanistan. 


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Filipinos amass evidence of 
torture under Marcos 

As more than 500 political 
prisoners are slowly released 
hark into society, foe Filipinos 
are aatearing testimony which 
they befieve wifl show that 
ander President Ferdinand 
Marcos tortme was systemati- 
cally ased to harass and 
te rrorise foe population. 

The accounts iff torture are 
being collated by a group 
cuffing itself PUfippine Action 
Concerning Torture (Pact), 
itself an offshoot of a group of 
doctors who advised, exam- 
ined and testified far vtetuns of 
torture during the worst days 

of the oppression. 

The chairman of Pact, Dr 
Jaoe Pagndnaa Lopez, a pro- 
fessor _ of psychiatry at the 
University of Ahe Philippines, 1 
said' yesterday: "We want to 
establish whether detention 
and torture were one and the 
same. My own empirical view 
based on the patients I have 
seen is that there is a pattern. 
These are not isolated in- 
stances of psychopathic sol- 
diers overstepping their 
duties. There was aa attention 
to use this as a m eth od of 

Pact is also Studying nnd 
treating former detainees for 
foe after-effects of tortare, 
which in many cases are 
severe. Dr Lopez's own pa- 
tients include a yorag woman 
who was repeatedly , gang- 
raped by her captors, and who 
for days afterwards was kept 
n pirafi unbalhed. 

She came to Dr Lopez 

From Michael Hamlyn, Manila 
suffering from unexplained 
skin infections. “She felt filthy 
and dirty about herself after 
the gang-rape,” he said. After 
two years of psychotherapy 
the condition has cleared up. 

Sexual torture — partienbr- 
ly rape, or the threat of it — 
was widely used against wom- 
en detainees. A pressure group 
organized by heads of retigroos 
organizations, Task Force De- 
tainees, docu men t e d a 
number of cases, Including 
that of Miss Nena Esfit, aged 
22, who over three days in July 
last year was repeatedly raped 
and eventually shot by mem- 
bers of foe 51st Infantry’ 
Battafion assigned to Task 
Force Cobra m northern Min- 

Mrs Marichu Tobia, aged 
32, who was detained for more 
than a year until last Novem- 
ber, said that after she her 
arrest she and her compan- 
ions, who later became known 
as the Pangasinan Seven, were 
held incommunicado and were 
repeatedly tortured. 

“I was stripped naked and 
my private parts were pinched 
and massaged,” she said. “My 
nipples were twisted and so 
was a scar I have from a 
Caesarean operation. I was 
beaten on foe head ami face.” 

The most common physical 
torture used against detainees, 
who were almost always held 
in secret in safe houses before 
“surfacing” in detention 
camps, was unsystematic beat- 
ing, but systematic beating 

was also used. and the telefono 
and thefalanga, widely used in 
Latin America were also em- 
ployed hoe. 

The falaaga — repeated 
beating on the sides of the feet 
— can leave the victim perma- 
nently lame with atrophied 
muscles. The tdefono — bang- 
ing on both ears simultaneoos- 
iy — can permanently impair 
hearing. The telefono was 
known in the Philippines by 
foe name id a local hand- 
slapping children's game, 


A peculiarly Filipino torture 
was one known as the San 
Jnanko Bridge, named after 
the country’s longest 
bridge.The victim was forced 
to lie suspended with his head 
on one chair and his feet on 
another and to keep himself 
rigid. From time to time his 
torturers would stamp on him, 
forcing his collapse. 

Since many victims were 
tortured only in the early part 
of their detention many bore 
no physical marks when they 
were released. But Dr Lopez^ 
organization is embarking on a 
series of home visits to search 
for the hidden symptoms and 
psychological effects. 

But the most common after- 
effects of tortare are 
pyscbologicaL “Depression 
is most common,” Dr Lopez 
said. “The victims suffer a 
deep-seated rage over their 
helplessness. This becomes 
internalized and directed 
against the sett.” 

Cardinal charms London press 

Cantina) Sin, Archbishop of 
Manila and hero of foe Filipi- 
no revolution, yesterday 
proved his reputation as a 
wise, witty and wffy man 
(Nicholas Ashford writes). 

Despite travel fatigue and a 
heavy fever, he dealt with 
journalists’ questions as deftly 
as a seasoned politician when 
be attended a press conference 

shortly after his arrival in 
London on a two-day visit 

He is in Britain at the 
invitation of Cardinal Hume 
and will minister to the 20,000 
strong Filipino community in 
this country. 

Cardinal Sin left no doubt 
about his support and admira- 
tion for President Aquino, an 
old family friend whose vic- 

tory was largely secured 
through the intervention of 
the Filipino Catholic Church. 

He said be was convinced 
that foe Communists and 
other rebels who have been 
fighting a guerrilla war against 
the Marcos regime would lay 
down their arms “now that we 
have a sincere and honest 

Nasa tells 
of forced 
tank joint 

Cape Canaveral (UPI) — 
Nasa engineers told the Rog- 
ers Commission yesterday 
that a joint between two fuel 
segments of foe fll-feled 
Challenger’s suspect right-side 
rocket booster was not perfect- 
ly round during assembly and 
extra force had to be applied 
10 gel it into shape: 

Mr Robert Lang, a Nasa 
engineer, said technicians had 
trouble getting the two lower 
segments of Challenger’s 
right-side booster to join. 

A rupture through that joint 
triggered the explosion of the 
tank, destroying the spacecraft 
and lolling the ere w of seven. 
Officials have said that O-ring 
seals in foe joint may have 
been damaged during the as- 
sembly process. 

Documents presented to foe 
commission yesterday charted 
a variety of possible failures 
most centring on problems 
with the O-rings. 

Documents showed that 
four measurements made on 
the upper segment of the two 
in question on December 6 
were unacceptable- Initially, 
the fad segment was 0.512 
inches out of round. 

Mr Lang said engineers 
tried to force the segment into 
shape by suspending it from 
cranes and allowing the weight 
of the propeflant inside to 
smooth out the joint's round- 
ness. That did not work and a 
hydraulic tool was used. 

Contra aid seen as 
Reagan obsession 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

As foe Reagan Administra- 
tion increases its pressure on 
Congress to vote for huge 
amounts of military aid to the 
Nicaraguan Contras, a grow- 
ing number of congressmen — 
Republicans and Democrats 
alike — are asking whether 
President Reagan is not in 
danger of becoming obsessive 
about an issue that does not 
have broad support in the 

On Thursday he told foe 
Republican whips’ organiza- 
tion that those who voted 
against his proposal for $100 
million (£65 million) in aid 
were inadvertently supporting 
the communists. From his 
experience of communist Sub- 
version be knew that a great 
many people were deceived, 
and not aware that what they 
were doing was “inimical” to 
US interest. 

Senator Nancy Kassen- 
beum, a Republican member 
of the Senate Foreign Rela- 
tions Committee, complained 
that his attacks on the patrio- 
tism of opponents was“highly 

In the House of Representa- 
tives, Mr Dave McCurdy, a 
Democrat whose vote was 
crucial in securing aid for the 
rebels Iasi year, said: “The 
tactics of foe Administration 
are backfiring. The level of 
rhetoric, foe shrillness of at- 
tack, has lost them votes.” 

Since announcing die aid 
plan last week, the Adminis- 
tration has waged a vociferous 
campaign to convince a scep- 
tical Congress that Nicaragua 
poses a deadly threat to US 
security, and that military aid 
must be rushed to the Contras 
if they are not soon to be 

It believes that in cutting off 
all but $27 million in humani- 
tarian aid Congress has under- 
mined Mr Reagan's Central 
America policy. 

Mr Patrick Buchanan, the 
White House director of com- 
munications, said the aileron 
five to allowing the Warsaw 
Pact to “roll up Nicaragua” 
was to send in the Marines. If 
Central America went the way 
of Nicaragua “the Commu- 
nists will be in San Diego.” 

There has been a flurry of 
press reports from Honduras 
that the Contras have never 
been in worse military shape, 
lacking not only equipment 
and weapons but also the will 
to fight 

Guerrilla leaders visiting 
training camps spoke of a 
“paralysed and defeated 

The Administration has 
also been angered bv a Gener- 
al Accounting Office report 
that there was little control 
over money being sent to the 
Contras through a Miami 
bank account. 

Last poem 
from shot 

Lagos (AFP) — Major-Gen- 
eral Mam man Vatsa, a former 
government minister who was 
also one of Nigeria's most 
prominent poets, dictated a 
last poem before being execut- 
ed by a firing squad on coup 
charges this week, foe Lagos 
newspaper The Guardian said 
yesterday. The paper, howev- 
er, did not have the text of the 

General Vatsa and nine 
other army, navy and air force 
officers were shot on Wednes- 
day after being found guilty of 
plotting to stage a coup last 
December. The paper said the 
condemned men had sung, 
“Nigeria, we shall rise again, 
our spirits will rise again", as 
they walked, hands and feet 
chained, to face the firing 

The general, a short, stocky 
man who wore a white jumper 
and had a towel around his 
neck, reportedly said before 
the shots rang ont “I wish 
everyone to live in peace. I 
leave you with a smile." 

Before dying, the con- 
demned poet also wrote a few 
words in a Bible, which he 
asked should be given to his 

The 10 officers were among 
two dozen arrested in Decem- 
ber for (dotting to overthrow 
the regime of Major-General 
RaHangiHa j who took power in 
a coup last August 


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320 JJ 

Big rebel 
by Chad 

Ndjamena (AP) — Chad's 
Government said its troops 
killed 864 rebels and captured 
456 in Wednesday's fighting 
in the Umm Chalouba-Kalait 
region, for the loss of eight 
dead and 46 wounded. 

About 50 rebel vehicles 
were destroyed and 70 others, 
some canying rockets or 
heavy cannons, captured to- 
gether with lorries, an ambu- 
lance and three armoured 

It said foe rebels were 
chased a considerable distance 
back across the desert. 

Tourists die 

Nairobi <AP) - Nine West 
German tourists, including 
seven women, and a Kenyan 
pilot were killed when their 
plane crashed during a trip to 
a game park. 

13% Inflation 

Bern (AP) - Switzerland’s 
inflation rate fell to 1.3 per 
cent last month, the lowest 
level in seven years. It was 2.2 
per cent in January. 

Fiery birth 

Singapore (Reuter) — A 
pregnant woman snatched two 
sleeping children from their 
blazing home just hours be- 
fore giving birth to a son. 

Rope ends it 

Tokyo (Reuter) — A Japa- 
nese schoolboy, aged (4, wrote 
~sayonora (goodbye), ask the 
teacher for more details," 
before hanging himself with a 
nylon rope from a public 
bridge after being bullied 

Gas talks 

Tehran (Reuter) — Soviet 
and Iranian officials are to 
meet here next month to 
discuss the restarting of Iran's 
gas exports to the Soviet 
Union and other joint eco- 
nomic projects. 


Warsaw (Reuter) - Well- 
preserved remains of ancient 
giant penguins six feet tall 
have been discovered by Pol- 
ish scientists working on Sey- 
mour Islands in the Antarctic, 
according to the official Polish 
news agency. 

Lorry decree £ 

Athens - The Greek Gov- 
ernment ordered the requisi- 
tion and mobilization of 
40,000 lorries, whose striking 
owners face military discipline 
if they disobey. The strike, in 
its third week, has caused food 
and fuel shortages. 

Free on bail 

Athens - Mr Edgerton 
Duckworth, a retired British 
embassy commercial attache 
living in Athens, who was 
charged with illegal possession 
of firearms last week, was 
freed on £500 bail yesterday. 

Begin end 

Jerusalem (.AP) - Israel’s 
right-wing Herat party opens 
its first assembly in eight years 
tomorrow, to choose a party 
leader to replace Mr Mena- 
chem Begin, aged 72, foe 
former prime minister and 
party' founder who lives in 
self-imposed seclusion. 

































3 .? 






4, flfl 
































91 . 
















Spain four days to referendum 

Gonzalez begs right to 
support him on Nato 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez. 
Spain's Prime Minister, has 
made a dramatic appeal to 
political forces to the right of 
his Socialist Party, who really 
believe in the Atlantic alli- 
ance, to come to his rescue 
and win a majority for staving 
in Nato at the referendum in 
only four days lime. 

Battling against public opin- 
ion polls, showing that if a 
referendum had been held last 
week his Government would 
have lost the Prime Minister 
adopted an almost begging 
tone towards Catalonia's cen- 
tre and centre-right political 
leader and the local business 
community The non-Social- 
ist opposition has sought to 
boycott the referendum. 

• “I plead with those who 
have political responsibility 
and w ho believe in the alliance 
to speak out dearly in the few 
remaining days, because those 
who arc' against Nato are 
doing exacilv that" Senor 
Gonzalez said on Thursday 
night at a dinner gi' en for him 
by" Catalan journalists and 

Admitting that however the 
referendum goes his own pres- 
tige will be damaged. Sehor 
Gonzalez went on: “I am 
making a bigger effort in this 
referendum campaign than in 
general elections because they 
will not decide whether there 

From Richard AVigg. Barcelona 

should be a break in Spain's 
relations with the world and 
Europe, but this referendum 

If the “no" votes triumphed 
on Wednesday, he warned, 
“an irreversible process of 
separation from the Atlantic 
alliance" would begin. The 
Soviet Union was very inter- 
ested in Naio’s European 
"pillar', he said. 

Sehor Gonzalez welcomed 
the appeal by Spain's seven 
biggest private bankers for 
a**yes" vote and said he would 
be “grateful" if Senor Jordi 
Pujol. Catalonia's Chief Min- 
ister. copied the example of 
his Basque colleague, and now 
urged his supporters among 
the six million Catalans to do 

But the Chief Minister has 
so far stayed silent, copying 
the tactics of Sehor Manuel 
Fraga. the right-wing opposi- 
tion leader. Their aim is to use 
the referendum to inflict max- 
imum damage on the Prime 
Minister in a general election 

When the Prime Minister 
arrived in Spain's most im- 
portant industrial city to 
speak at the Ritz Hotel, there 
were heavy police patrols in 
the streets and a security guard 
numbering almost a dozen 
men. He was booed by most of 
a crowd of about 500 demon- 

strators outside the hotel and 
his car was stoned afterwards. 

The demonstrators split 
four ways — pacifist groups 
who chorused “Nato no. Unit- 
ed States bases out", workers 
from a factory which has gone 
bankrupt, Catalan separatists, 
and a small group of loyal 
Socialists who cheered him. - 

The separatists disrupted 
the dinner when a “guest" at 
one table got up and, speaking 
in Catalan, told the Prime 
Minister he was " persona non 
grata" as the representative of 
Spain's armed forces 
“occupying" their homeland. 

Security men detained the 
young separatists who had got 
in using a local newspaper’s 

Senor Gonzalez said that 
whatever the result on 
Wednesday he would not be 
calling a general election be- 
fore next October, when his 
government's four-year term 
is up. 

He reminded Catalan busi- 
nessmen what belonging to 
Nato meant for trade and 
technology flows. If the “no" 
vote triumphed there would 
be no parliamentary majority 
to implement it. he said, 
underlining the political insta- 
bility which abstaining on 
Wednesday could also mean 
for Spain. 

Exiles aim 
to oust 
leaders • 

Washington (Renter) — A 
Haitian opposition leader yes- 
terday urged (he United States 
and France to help establish a 
new interim government in 
Haiti to replace the ruling 
council which succeeded the 
ousted former president, Mr 
Jean-Clande “Baby Doc" Dn- 

Mr Raphael Bazin, leader of 
die Front UoiK de Liberation 
National d’Haiti, said: “The 
present Government is com- 
posed of six men hand-picked 
by Dnvalier. The reputation of 
these men is forever tainted by 
their loyalty to that regime." 

Mr Bazin said he met State 
Department officials and the 
French Ambassador to Wash- 
ington yesterday and had giv- 
en them a 10-point plan for a 
new government He hoped the 
United States and France 
might “play a role of 
arbitrator" in Haiti. 

He said the liberation 
front's plans included reform- 
ing the army and establishing 
political parties, a free press, a 
new constitution and free elec- 

He criticized the ruling 
council in Haiti for allowing 
Dnvalier associates to leave 
and said he was still afraid to 
return to the conn try. 

0 GRASSE: Mr Dnvalier ap- 
peared yesterday to have won 
a round in his fight to stay in 
France, taking up residence in 
this Riviera town after being 
released from confinement in 
the Hotel de TAbbaye at 

■■spj £&■. . 


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Mr Duvalier and his wife, Michelle, leaving the Hotel de 
1’Abbaye yesterday for a villa on the Riviera. 

Tafioires (Renter reports). He 
arrived at a private villa with 
his wife and family after a 
high-speed overnight drive 
from the hoteL 
The French Government, 
which has so far failed to find 

a country willing to accept Mr 
Dnvalier has made him the 
subject of an assigned resi- 
dence, a move which will allow 
him freedom of movement in 
the Alpes-Maritimes 

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Portugal’s soldier 
president bows 
out after 10 years 

When President Antonio 
F a ne s formally bands over as 
PortugaTs bean of state to Dr 
Mario Soares tomorrow the 10 
years of stability the soldter- 
presidem gave bis country will 
be uppermost in the minds of 
his ten milli on fellow citizens. 

With impartiality and re- 
spect for fair play, be filled out 
the framework of a democratic 
presidency after almost 50 
years of a right-wing dictator- 
ship, followed immediately by 
a lurching left-wing revolu- 

It will remain one of the 
ironies of modern Portuguese 
history that a former artillery 
major, hardened in colonial 
wars, developed the skills and 
self-disdpline to achieve aD 
this, probably far more effec- 
tively, than any of the politi- 
cians could have done. He 
leaves his successor with the 
challenge of high standards. 

Senhor Eanes. as he now 
becomes, though in fact he 
retains the rank of a four-star 
general was until the last few 
months easily the most re- 
spected and popular man in 

The dent in that reputation 
came as his supporters 
launched the Democratic Re- 
newal Party he is now expect- 
ed to lead, inevitably entering 
the arena of political in- 
fighting. He also injudiciously 
endorsed as candidate for the 
presidential elections earlier 
this year a man who went 
down swiftly before the tower- 
ing personality of Dr Soares. 

President Eanes. still only 
51. emerged from the ranks of 
the more moderate officers of 
the April 1974 Revolution to 
put down the attempt by the 
extreme left wing to seize 
power in November 1975. He 
was elected m the first demo- 
cratic presidential election 
with 61 per cent of the votes in 
June 1976 and again with 56 
per cent in December I9S0. 

His two basic achievements 
have been to guide Portugal's 
armed forces back from the 
political scene to tbebanacks; 
and to have held the balance 
so that governments of the left 
and right succeeded each other 
after the people had expressed 
their wishes m elections. . 

“When people elect then- 
politicians they do so wanting 
to see them solve, their 
country's problems," Presi- 
dent Eanes told The Times 
shortly before the presidential 

That awareness explains his 
popularity among the Portu- 

By Richard Wigg 

guese people as well as his 
criticisms of the performance 
or the politicians. _ 

He goes no* evidenuy be- 
lieving that there must be a 
fundamental change in the 

Style of Portuguese politics 
and a reform of the country's 
institutions, including the 

This feeling he shares at the 
personal level with Senhor 
Anibal Cavaco Silva., the 
Prime Minister, who for the 
past three months has led a 
right-of-centre Social Demo- 
crat minority government. 

One of the first practical 
decisions Senhor Eanes faces 
is what attitude towards the 
Government should be adopt- 
ed bv ihe 45 MPs elected at 
Iasi October's general election 
on the Eanes parly ticket. 

Thai was essentially a pro- 
test vote against the coalition 
led bv Dr Soares, a mood 
across the country hugely 
forgotten after the veteran 
Socialist leader’s remarkable 
comeback in the presidential 

President Eancs’s evidently 
sincere belief in democracy 
always struck a sympathetic 
chord with millions of ordi- 
nary Portuguese, as did an 
austere-living Armv officer’s 
criticism of the cynicism and 
corruption of upper class Por- 
tuguese of ihe % cities. 

President Eanes, who 
shunned ostentation and a 
personality cull, found in 
office a natural sympathy for 
young, efficient business and 
professional people, equipped, 
be believes, to lead Portuguese 
society as it adapts to ihe 
positive challenges of EEC 

Senhor Eases: leaving a 
challenge to his successor 

Harare’s hunt for beds 

Harare - The Government 
of Zimbabwe has asked pri- 
vate citizens to billet leaders 
attending the not 
movement summit in 
tember(Jan Raatb writes). 

An unprecedented crush on 
accommodation in the city is 
expected when as many as 
7,000 delegates, officials, ob- 
servers and journalists arrive. 
The government has already 
booked nearly all the available 

hotel space. Mr Simoi 
Muzebda, ihe Deputy Primi 
Minister, told a meeting o 
bankers and industry leader 
that he hoped they wouk 
make their luxury homes ant 
cars available for the guests. 

The Government has begin 
building 32 luxury villas, at ; 
cost of about £1.5 million, foi 
the state leaders but anoihei 
70 would be needed. 

Singapore tax 
cut to woo 

Singapore (Reuter) — Singa- 
pore yesterday announced tax 
cuts to try to stimulate busi- 
ness, avert a crash in the 
property market and lure 
more foreign investors. 

The Finance Minister. Mr 
Richard Hu, told Pariiameat 
in his budget speech that tax 
cuts would erode government 
revenues but were vital in his 
long-term strategy to retdncUe 
business activity. 

Singapore's economy 
shrank by 1.8 per cent last year 
after an 8.2 per cent expansion 
in 1984. In the 1986-87 fiscal 
year from April the Govern- 
ment expects a budget deficit 
of about Singapore $3.22 bil- 
lion (£1 billion) with total 
spending rising by 36.9 per 
cent to $22.06 billion. 

Mr Hu said general revenue 
would fall 3.3 per cent to 
$14.55 billion, fait the Gov- 
ernment would enjoy $4.28 
billion of revenue from loan 
repayments and interest and 
investment income. 

Liner disaster 
pilot will not 
be prosecuted 

Wellington (Reuter) - The 
New Zealand pilot who was 
navigating the Soviet cruise 
liner Mikhail Lermontov 
when it hit rocks before sink- 
ing will not be prosecuted, the 
Transport Ministry said yes- 

Meanwhile, the head of the 
inquiry into the sinking ,, Cap- 
tain Sieve Ponsford, said in a 
radio interview that the pilot. 
Captain Don Jamison, bad 
decided oa the spur of the 
moment to take the 20,352 ton 
finer through a narrow pav 
sage cm the north coast of New 
Zealand's South Island. 

The ship sank on February 
16 after hitting rocks at Cape 
Jackson. All 409 passengers 
and all hut one of more than 
300 crew members were, res- 
cued. Captain Ponsford's re- 
port, released on Thursday, 
said Captain Jamison had 
navigated by sight. 

“Captain Jamison knows 
that area like the back of his 
hand.” he said. 

New Woolwich 
Endowment Rate 


speaftwl rale 

for mortgage* 


Net rale payable on e&qitife kmu 
win fitorqja^r iniam tax nHW af W. 

With effect from 7 March 198S. the Woolwich BuMino Societv s io 
reduce «s endowment mortgage rate to 12J5“.. tor new borrowers 
purdTMidg or roprovkig ovmer-CKtoupied residential properly 
Rates lor exiakig borrowers with endowment cnortoaoK v.iH ki,- 
reduced to IZ^ on 1 June J986. 

ws« made before 7 March i98fe but.has not been completed, the mten-a 
rale quoted vail be reduced by O^o with effect Irani 1 June 198d in Ihe 
case of further advance offers, tbe reduced rate of 1275';. w® apnli- fmm 
the dale on which ihe interest rale on the related morteaw djanoes. 

** «s« ^ bcriowafs in May wiih cfelaBn ol 'unwed 

monthly payments. Further details may be obtained from vour IncaT brand 




Chief Office; Equitable House, London SE18 @A£L 


1 S( % 

■o v e ; 

M?^r T "* P* 
U si; - v* '-• 

•-T ■ .• 

, - -•* 

!1t’ lU 



\ W 



From Diatm Getidcs 

“I have absolutely no wish 
to be Prime Minister," M 
Jacques Chirac insists in pri- 
vate to incredulous journalists 
as he wings his way round 
France: On the Jast leg of his 
gruelling ejection campaign, 
averaging two d&partemenxs 
and five or six public meetings 
a day. 

For the past lew weeks, 
everyone has been tailing of 
the dynamic leader of the 
GauHist RPR party as thi> ngh 
he were already Prime Mims* 
ter, and he is beginning to fed 
as though he. has been poshed 
into loo tight a comer. He 
needs room for manoeuvre. 
He wants to leave his options 
open. There aze other perfect- 
ly good candidates for the job, 
he insists; 

The campaign has been 
dominated in the national 
media by. the question of what 
is going to happen after the 
elections. Who is going to 
“cohabit” with whom, and so 

on. Bnt M Chirac knows from 
his recent weeks of dose 
contacts with people on the 
ground in “La France 
profonde", for from the over- 
heated political atmosphere in 
the capital, that the wwg i t i? - 
tional niceties ~ of 
“cohabitation” do not interest 
the average Fre n c hm an..^ - 
He therefore tries to avoid 
talking about such hypotheti- 
cal issues. “Let us take one 
step at a time,” he says. “Let’s 
first win the elections chi 
March 16, and then we shall 
see. Whatever happens, the 
institutions of the Republic 
are both quite strong enough 

Chun told 
to speed 

. Telcy*-- •- /;;/ . ' 

- Encouraged byerwMfcitftbe 
Philippines, the Sooth Korean 
opposition has demanded ifatt- 
the Govern m ent revise the 
constitution this year and hold 
direct presidential elections in 

The new demands were 
announced yesterday at a 
press conference, held jointly 
by the New Korea Democratic 
Party (NKDP) and the Coun- 
cil for the Promotion of 
Democracy, setting out a 
“timetable -for democracy”. 
They said they would boycott 
elections in 1988 if t hese were 
not held undera new constitu- 

President Chun has repeat- 
edly said he will step down in 
1988 but recently he added 
that there could be constitu- 
tional amendments in 1989 
after a debate. The 

opposition claims he has no 
business promising the possi- 
bility of amendments to be 
made after he has left office. 

Palling for an end to the 
“dictatorship”, Mr Lee Min 
Woo, the president of the 
NKDP, read out the 
opposition's demands from a 
statement signed by leading 
dissidents Mr Kim Young 
Sam and Mr Kim Dae Jung, 
the latter of whom was pre- 
vented from attending 
yesterday's conference by tire 
government because it would 
amount to political activity. 

In the statement, tire two 
Kims called for a care taker 
Cabinet to ensure a peac eful 
transfer of power after elec- 
tions — clearly mindful of the 
advent of the new government 
in Manila. 

The response from the 

Seoul Governm ent was th at 
tire opposition's press confer- 
ence announcement was a 
“bid for po wer by any means”. 

Two chief 

- 7 FnnnKnWipN*yar 


- T m state chief jwi a lrtm 
jOTaed.jsaMeuty yesterday. 
Mr GLMShah, the Jammu 
and Kashmir chief minister, 
wot when the Congress. (1) 
Party withdrew its -so»®^, 
and Me S M v aft rao Fata 
NBaagerkar, ^ Maharash- 
tra chief mmjster, wined 
after the state High umt 
rated there was “reasonable 
ground for inference” font he 
and bis daughter. Dr 
Chandrakala Dawale, 
“manipulated” her- medical 
Cxam results from Bombay 
U ni ver si ty In 198$, 

It fe reported that Mr Shah 
lost the support of Ms party 
after Mr Hafir Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister and 
party president, was disturbed 
by his adn ri nfaitraifaa's inept 
handfing of the lecest Mas- 
lim-Hindn fotobuces in 
Jammu, Anantmg and - Srina- 
gar, which led to large-scale 
ifwgratinn of Hlwh ywhairi 

pandits to other parts of India. 

Mr NOangeritar is expected 

to r emain in control antil Mr 
Gandhi, who has gone to 
Aiunad a d, a state in nurtii- 
east India, decides bis succes- 
sor when he returns to Delhi in 
a few days. 

• Opposition protest The op- 
position stunned out of the 
Punjab state assembly yester- 
day shooting that the gorera- 
ment had foiled to halt attacks 
by extremists. 

.The pretest followed the 
Moodiest attack yet by extrem- 
ists seeking a separate SSkh 
state saux the Government 
took power nearly six months 


Police said seven people 
were killed and 14 womded in 
when gunmen tried to assassi- 
nate Mr Kabul Singh, who last 
week took over as acting 
president of the Sikh Temples’ 
Management Committee, the 
religion's most powerful body. 

Gusty last day lor the 

Queen in Victoria 


The Queen had a bumpy 
start to beriastday in Vfctona 
when a gusty northwesterly 

wind sprang up sam after Me 

set ota in tire royal barge ror 
the royal yacht Bniantua, 
moored in Westeraport Bay, 
for the short journey to Stony 

Waves broke overtire 
barge’s bow and the Careen 
remained below for the jour- 

The Queen, none the worse 
for the rough passage. 
travelled to BaSam Pmx tech- 
nical school, "about 30 
south-east of Melbourne, 
where she saw a ttispfoyoj^jr 

dandng on the itiayingfidojy 
2.000 primary school ebunr™ 
from the area. 

The voya party «sto*n 
over the school's workshops 
and the students went about 

their normal routine. The 
Queen received a large cheer 
from tire students when - she 
announced: “I am glad to say 
the Minister (of Education) 
has agreed that for all of you 

here the rest of the day should 

be a holiday." 

Later she presented new 
Queen’s Colours to the Roy al 
Australian Navy in a ceremo- 
ny at the shore base HMAS 
Cerberus during which there 
was a march-past by 6 00 

sailors. ‘ . . 

It was the first tone that a 
reigning sovereign had pre- 
sented a royal cotour to the 
RAN. which is celebrating its 
75th anniversary. a She - paid 
tribute to its service in two' 
work! wars. - • . 

The Queen left Victoria on 
the royal yacht at dusk for 
South Australia to continue 
her tour. 


M Chirac talking with *reaT 
. people about *rcaT issues. 

and flexible enough to enable . 
France to continue to be 
governed,” be. adric in answer 
to those who have been pre- 
dic ting p olitical chaos and 
constitutional crisis; 

-He has come to Limoges, 
capital of the Socialist strong- 
hold of the Haute Vienne, m 
the heart of the' Limousin, 
after ah exceptional “break” 
of five days campaigning in 
his own dipanement of the 
Correzfc next door. He looks 
bronzed, relaxed and healthy, 
despite his crippling, non-stop 
schedule, and is evidently 
happy to be talking “real” 
issues with “real” people. 

A national television jour- 
nalist who attempts a question 
on cohabitation gets -very 
short shrift. “Over the past 
five days, I have addressed 
some 35 meetings and have 
been asked hundreds of ques- 
tions. Bittncn a single one voas 
about what would or would 
not happen after March 16” 
he snaps, before plunging 
again into the complexities of 
milk quotas, regional 
fundings, EEC agricultural 
policy, business taxes, youth 
unemployment, and the all- 
important local issue of 
whether the Haute Vienne wifl 
ever get its motorway. 

M Chirac is good on the 
stump. He appears to thrive 
on the direct biupan contact. 

and manages to shed the often 
rather in timidating , aggres- 
sive, over-energetic image be 
gives in Paris or on televisknL 
He has a broad smile which 
comes easily and warmly, a 
ready handshake, and a mar- 
vellous capacity for remem- 
bering names — of the most 
insignificant as well as of the 
most important. 

"Ah Marcel quel plaisir de 
ie revolt /” he cries delightedly, 
with a skip on the back. 
“Marie-Jo, how kind ofyop to 
come,” he croons, kissing a 
not so pretty, nor so young, 
acquaintance on both cheeks, 
with an extra little stroke of 
her nose for good measure. 

His day, started before 7am. ■ 
It is 1 1pm before the meeting 
finally finishes and he is 
whisked away in a waiting 
.police motorcade to. take his 
privately-hired Falcon jet 
back to Paris. He settles down 
into the aircraft’s well-uphol- 
stered seat, yawns widely and 
sips a gin and tonic while 
chatting to journalists. 

But his day is not yet 
finished. Once he has arrived 
in Paris he goes as usual 
straight to the Hdiet de Ville 
for a couple of hours' paper- 
work before finall y retiring at 
2am. .ready to rise five hours 
later for another, equally jam- 
packed day. 

M Jean-Marie Le Pen, leader of France's National Front, appearing at a rally near Paris to commemorate an extreme right 

militant beaten to death in Beaucaire, in the south, this week. 

Experts doubt Waldheim was there 

«i Vht « . ■ mm nonrifn r> P n^ iTf tiaklfnlinJ ana_ mhiIahM nwkfartf/wl far VtVMta arHcUl "* 

From Richard Bassett 

Doubts grew here yesterday 
over the World Jewish 
Congress's evidence for claim- 
ing that Dr Kart Waldheim 
was linked to Nazi atrocities 
during the war. 

Two prominent Austrian 
military historians questioned 
the aothentirity of the mOitaiy 
file which the Austrian weekly 

magazine published ear- 
lier this week showing Dr 
Waldheim as a member of the 
Sturmabteiteng (SA). 

Dr August Baum oiler, di- 
rector of the War Archives in 
Vienna, said the document 
published had neither a serial 
a umber nor an issuing stamp 

Dr Gerhard Jagschitz, of 
the Austrian Institute of 
Contempory History, also said 

the evidence presented so for 
was inconclusive. 

Meanwhile, the Austrian 
conservative People’s Party 
yesterday pledged to cake legal 
steps against those they be- 
lieve are behind an “anti- 
Waldheim conspiracy”. 

A spokesman for the party 
sakL"YVe will find oat who the 
people are behind this dirty 
campaign and take the appro- 

priate action.” 

At an election rally orga- 
nized last 1 night by the 
People’s Party m Sfyria, Dr 
Waldheim was given a stand- 
ing ovation. 

Dr Waldheim is running for 
the presidency in the May 5 
elections and political observ- 
ers believe if fee survives the 
next few days' publicity, be 
cannot fail to win at the polls. 

500 rebel 
in Uganda 

Kampala (Reuter) - About 
500 people have been detained 
in eastern Uganda in the past 
week, suspected of planning to 
overthrow President 
Museveni's Government^ 

Police in the town of Jinja, 
where most of the men are 
being held, said large stocks of 
arras were recovered in forests 
in Iganga district, 75 miles 
east of Kampala. 

Informed government 
sources said the men had 
planned to overthrow Mr 
Museveni and bring back the 
former President, Dr Milton 
Obote. from exile in Zambia. 

Presidem Obote was top- 
pled by the army last July, and 
his successor. General Tito 
OkeUo, was ousted when Mr 
Museveni's National Resis- 
tance Army guerrillas took 
Kampala six months Later. 

NRA forces are still fighting 
for control of northern Ugan- 
da, where thousands of Obote 
troops have regrouped. 

After weeks of steady 
progress, the NRA troops are 
reported to be just south of the 
towns of Gulu and Kitgum, 
where the rebels have said 
they will make a stand. 

• GENEVA: The new Ugan- 
da Government is seeking a 
UN investigation to see if 
earlier rulers, including Idi 
Amin, are guilty of genocide as 
a step toward bringing them to 
justice, the Foreign Minister, 
Mr Ibrahim Mukiibi said 

•>/ * V < VaV* *'* 

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I *d-ad 


Papandreou cuts presidential powers 

Step to autocratic rule 
feared by Opposition 


The Greek Parliament gave 
its final approval yesterday to 
a revision of the Constitution 
which was hailed by the ruling 
Socialists as “a victory for 
popular sovereignty” and de- 
nounced by the conservative 
opposition as ”a step towards 
autocratic rule”. 

The revised text was ap- 
proved by 160 Socialist and 
allied votes against 12 of the 
Communists and 10 absten- 
tions. The 111 deputies of 
New Democracy, the conser- 
vative opposition party, 
walked out before the vote 
protesting against procedural 

The two-phase revision, 
which took a year to complete, 
curtails the constitutional pre- 
rogatives of the President, 
which now rest lately with 
the Council of Ministers and 

New Democracy has argued 
that the injudicious concen- 
tration of power in the hands 
of the Prime Minister upsets 
the existing system of checks 
and balances designed to 
shield the minority from 
abuses of power. 

The Government insists 
that the revision will free the 
elected political forces from 
outside intervention that 
could distort the balance of 
power or involve the head of 
state in partisan rivalries. 

Under the revised charier. 

From Mario Modtaao. Athens 
which goes into effect in the 
next 10 days, the President 
wilt lose the right to dismiss 
the Prime Minister, while he 
may dissolve Parliament only 
in the case of demonstrable 
government instability. 

The president’s choice of 
prime minister is limited to 
leaders of the three or four 
largest parliamentary parties. 
If they foil to form a govern- 
ment. the president must ap- 
point one of the three top 
judges to head an election 

The president may no long- 
er take vital issues direct to the 
people by referendum, nor 
mav he air any differences 
with the government by 
speaking direct to the people; 
he now needs the prime 
minister s consent for this. 

The Opposition protested 
that the abolished presidential 
prerogatives enabled the head 
of state to offer the people 
another say on major issues, 
rather than let an ill-inten- 
tioned government invoke the 
electorate’s blanket mandate. 

A case in point is the 
constitutional provision on 
the state of siege. Previously 
the president could proclaim 
martial law in the case of war 
or external or internal threat 
provided he had the prime 
minister's signature. 

Now the decision to invoke 
martial law belongs to the 

government which must ob- 
tain the consent of a three- 
fifths majority in parliament. 
But if parliament cannot be 
convened, the government 
can decree the state of siege. 

The emasculation of presi- 
dential powers is not as drastic 
as the original Socialist pro- 
posal a year ago led one to 

The president, for instance, 
retains the right to otyect to 
legislation and ask parliament 
to reconsider it or pass it with 
an enhanced majority. 

There is speculation that Mr 
Andreas Papandreou, the 
Prime Minister, aspires to the 
presidency now that his party, 
after winning a comfortable 
majority in two elections, is 
losing ground because of a 
prolonged economic slump. 

Mr Papandreou denies this, 
although it is becoming abun- 
dantly dear that he is having 
second thoughts about his 
choice of President SartzetaJris 
to replace Mr Karamanlis a 
year ago. 

Political analysts maintain 
that the revision still reserves 
a substantial moderating rote 
for the president, especially if 
the post is held by a personal- 
ity as charismatic as Mr 
Papandreou, and if simple, 
proportional representation is 
introduced to dilute the power 
of parties through fragmenta- 

Polish mother seeks Reagan’s aid 

Penh Amboy. New Jersey 
(AP) - The mother of a 
Solidarity leader in Poland has 
appealed to President Reagan 
to help get her son out of a 
Polish prison. 

Mrs Rozalia Borusewicz 
Sinka wrote to Mr Reagan and 
several New Jersey congress- 
men after her son. Mr Bogdan 
Borusewicz. was arrested on 

January 11 by the Polish 

“His crime?” Mrs Sinka 
wrote. “To love one's country, 
to love one's fellow land.” 

According to '-reports in 
several Polish newspapers, Mr 
Borusewicz hand-picked Mr 
Lech Walesa to lead the 
shipyard strikes which led to 
the emergence of Solidarity. 

He had been biding since 
December 1981 when martial' 
law was imposed in Poland., 
After a long search by Polish; 
authorities he was arrested ini 
the basement of his printing- 
shop, which still printed Soli- 
darity literature. 

Mrs. Sinka fa as lived ini 
Perth Amboy since leaving 
Poland 10 years ago. 

Law Report March 8 1986 

Former US president Richard 
Nixon (above) called for a new 
realism in US-Soviet relations 
while speaking in Los Ange- 

Mr Nixon, who restored US 
ties with China daring bis 
presidency, urged the West to 
support China’s economic de- 
velopment The most signifi- 
cant geopolitical event in the 
past 40 years had been the 
Sino-Soviet split in 1961 fol- 
lowed by the Aoerican-Chi- 
nese rapprochement in 1972, 
he said. China was allied to 
neither saperpower and would 
torn towards Moscow only if 
not welcomed by the West 

“The Soviet model does not 
work. Ours does. That is why 
even more important than our 
military co-operation with tire 
Peopled Republic of China is 
oar economic co-operation.” 

Chinese anger 
over Seoul 
action on pilot 

Peking (Renter) — China 
criticized South Korea yester- 
day for allowing a Chinese 
pilot who defected in his 
MiG19 fighter last month to 
go to a third country. 

A Foreign Ministry state- 
ment said China was ‘’ex- 
tremely regretful and strongly 

Mr Chien Pao-chung, aged 
26, defected on February 21. 
Observers believe be will be 
sent to Taiwan. 

South Korea said it would 
respect Mr Chien’s “free 
wishes” to seek asylum else- 
where and would allow him to 
leave as soon as legal proce- 
dures were completed. 



Early sailing savings. Catch one of our morning crossings 
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Smaller fanes for larger cars, 
lie now Ihwe only two atrlengths, not three. 


First the good news. 

As a glance at tliis page shows, if you want to 
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Whether you ve a caravan in tow or a car full 
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over from Dover with us. 

Now for the even better news. 

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Our ships are being completely re-fitted to a 
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Publican selling own beer 

Attorney General's Reference 
(No 1 of 1985) 

Before Lord Lime, Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr Justioe Mann and 
Sir Roger Ormrod 
(Opinion given March 7] 

An employee who contracted 1 
with bis employer to sell on his 
employer’s premi ses only goods 
supplied by his employer and to 
retain , and deal with the pro- 
ceeds of such sales for the 
benefit of his employer, did not 
receive moneys on account of 
his employer within the. mean- 
ing of section S(3) of the Theft 
Act 1 968 when they were paid to 
him by customers on the 
employer’s premises for goods 
sola on those premises which he 
had secretly obtained from 
someone other than his em- 

dna charge of theft where an 
employee bad used bis 
employer’s premises and fecH- 

ities to make a secret profit, that 

profit could not properly be 
described as a trust in favour of 
the employer, but, even if tt 
could, it was not such a trust as 
fell within the ambit of section 
5(1) of the Theft Act, and did 
not give the employer a propri- 
etary right or interest in the 
secret profit within the ambit of 
the subsection. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in giving a reserved opinion on a 
reference by the Attorney Gen- 
eral under section 36 of the 
Criminal Justice Act 1972. 

Mr Anthony Ariidge, QC and 
Mr Bruce Houlder for the 
Attorney General; Mr Michael 
Worsley, QC and Mr Timothy 
l an ^rtaU- as amici curia e; the 
respondents did not exercise 
their right to appear. 

TICE. delivering the cou rt’s 
opinion, said that the respon- 
dent A was the salaried manager 
of a tied public house, a nd th e 
respondent B was a barman 
employed by him. 

One of the terms of A*s 
employment was that he would 
only sell goods supplied by his 
employer, unless otherwise di- 

A and B were discovered by 
the police transporting bands of 
beer to the public house at night. 

A admitted that he had boughL 
Ihe beer from a wholesaler and 
intended to make a secret profit 

by selling it to customers in the 
public house. At their trial, the 
appellants were acquitted . of 
going equipped to cheat- 

It was argued on behalf of toe 
Attorney General that the effis* 
of section 5(3) of the 1968 Act 
was to make the profit element 
of the money which A received 
from selling the beer nouonany 
belong to the employer. When A 
appropriated the profit he was. 
thus. guilty of theft, assuming 

that he was acting dishonestly. 

That argument depended on 
whether A could properly be 
said to have received property 
“on account of the employer” 
The court did not dunk he 

No doubt he was m breach of 
contract with his employer and 
under an obligation to account 

for the profit made, but that did 
not mean necessarily that he had 

received the money on ac cou nt. 

it was helpful to look at 
section 17 of the Larceny Art 
1916, which section 5(3) sought 
to replace and simplify. The 
decision in R v Cultum ((IS 73) 
LR 2 CCR 28) was also in pmm. 

The arguxnenx based on sec- 
tion 5(3) of the Theft Act was 
nuosconceived. . 

The Crown also relied oa 
section 5{ 1) arguing that A wasa 
constructive trustee of tire profit 
element of the money paid for 
the “bought in" beer, the benefi- 
ciary being the employer. The 
result of that would be that 
when A a ppropriated the money 
be was guilty of theft (assumix^ 

The court bad been referred to 
a number of authorities, from 
which two matters emerged. 
The first was that if the Crown 
was right, then a host of 
activities which so layman 
would think were stealing wuld 
be brought within the Tlreft Act, 

The second matter was that 
there was a dear and important 
difference between a person 
mis app ro pria ting specific prop- 
erty with which Ire had been 
entrusted, and a perron in a 
fiduciary position using that 
position to make a secret profit 
for which he would be bek) 
accountable. Whether the for- 
mer was within section 5, the 
court did not have to decide. 

As to ihe latter, the coart was 
firmly of the view that be was 

Cashier on Channel ferry not 
employed in UK 

Hanghton » Ohm lines (UK) 

Before Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls. Lord Justice 
Neill and Lord Justice Ralph 

[Judgment given March 7] 

A cashier employed” on a 
German-registered ferry,- based 
at Sbeemcss and plying b et w een 
Sheemess and Flushing, who. 
'worked for the majority .of the 
.time outside United Kingdom 
territorial waters, was. not em-. 
ployed "at an establishment 
within Great Britain” within the 
meaning of section 10(1) of tire 
Sex Discrimination Act 1975 so 
that an industrial tribunal had 
no jurisdiction to entertain her 
complaint of discrimination un- 
der section 6(1) and (2) of the 

The Court of Appeal so bdd 
when dismissing an api>eal by 

Kim Wanda 
Hanghton, from a decision of 
: Emi 

the employee, 
m, fror 

iplqyment Appeal Tri- 


buna! on May 3, 1985 affirming 
the decision of an industrial 
tribunal that its jurisdiction to 
hear her complaint of 
discrimination by her employ- 
era, Ofcau Lines (UK) Ltd, was 

Section 10 of the 1975 Act 
provides: “(1) For the purposes 

of this Part . . . employment is to 
be regarded as being at an 
establishment in Great Britain 
unless the employee does his 
work wholly or mainly outside 
Great Britain.” 

Mr R. G. B- Allen for the 
employee; Mr John Bowers for 
the employers. 

ROLLS said that tire jurisdic- 
tion of industrial tribunals was 
entirely statutory. The 
employee’s complaint was 
brought under section 6(1) and 
(2)-of the 1975 Act 
The key words were: “It is 
unlawful for a person, in rela- 
tion to employment by him at 
an establishment in Great Brit- 
ain, to discriminate against a 
woman . . .” (subsection (1)) and 
“It is unlawful for d person, in 
the case of a woman employed 
him at an establishment in 
Sit Britain, to disc rimina te 
against her . . (subsection (2)) 
If the matter had stopped 
there, it* would have been 

reasonably dear that the em- 
ployee wasnot so employed. She 
was employed on a German ship 
which either was not an 
establishment, or was not an 
establishment in Cheat Britam. 

Howcver, regard had to be 
paid to section 10 of the Act. 

- For life employee it bad been 
submitted that section- 10 was 
intended to create two presump- 
tions. Subsection (1) created a 
general resum ption that, save 
where the employee did her 
work wholly or mainly outside 
Great Britain, she was employed 
at an establishment in Great 
Bri tain. 

The particular presumption, 
created by subsection (2L was 
that the same was true where the 
employee did her work mi a 
British-re gi st ere d ship (or air- 
craft or hovercraft) operated by 
a person who had Ids principal 
place of business in Gran 
Bri tain, 

The section also identified the 
establishment where ihaz might 
be in doubt Subsection (3)dcah 
with employment on British- 
registered ships. Subsection (4) 
draft with people who worked 
not at an establishment box 
from it,' prescribing the 
establishment from which they 
worked as being the relevant 

Applying that construction, it 
was submitted that subsection 
( 1 ) could be ignored, because the 
employee worked mainly out- 
side Britain. So could sub- 
sections (2) and (3) because she 
worked on a German ship. - 

That left subsection (4) as the 
key provision. A ship could not 
be regarded as an establishment 
apd, accordingly, it was nec- 
essary to find some establish- 
ment from which the employee 
worked. That Wat the 
employers’ offices at Sheerness. 

Mr Alien had relied on EEC- 
Directive 76/207 as giving the 
employ substantive rights, but 
had been forced to abandon that 
contention as a result -of the 
derision of the European Court 
of Justice in Marshall v 
Southampton . and South West 
Hampshire Area Health Author- 
ity (Teaching} ( The Times Fri>- 
ruary 27, 1986). He submitted 
that the directive, could still be 
used to resolve ambiguities: 

Magistrates acted 

Regina ▼ Southend Justices, 
Ex parte Wood - - 

Before Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown and Sir Roger Ormrod - 
[Judgment riven February 271 
Justices had acted precip- 
itately for the purposes of 
section 25(2) of the Magistrates’ 
Courts Act 1980 where they 
purported to discontinue sum- 
mary trial of the defendant in 
favour of committal proceed- 
ings. when the summary 
proceedings had not com- 

.The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held in grant- 
ing an application by- John 
Anthony Wood for judirial 
review by way of certiortqj to 
quash the decision of the South- 
end Justices on May 10. 1985 to 
discontinue summary proceed- 
ings in respect of alleged of- 
fences under the Misuse of 
Drugs Act 1971 and to commit 
him to the mown court for triaL 
Mr Paul Smales ft»r the defen- 
dant; Mr Laurence Marshall for 
the prosecutor. 

BROWN said that the defen- 
dant came before toe justices on 
nil 26, 1984 charged with 
Offences of possession and sup- 
ply of a Class A controlled drug. 
The justices adjourned the mat- 
ter for summary triaL It was 
unclear whether the defendant 
bad bran pat to his election. 

At lire adjourned . haariwg 
before a new bench of justices 
:Qn May 10, the prosecution had 
preferred two further sum- 
monses alleging attempt to sup- 
ply. The prosecution outlined . 
the facts de novo. 

The justices decided to com- 
mit the defendant for trial to the' 
crown court on all the c har ges. It 
appeared that all that had been 
done at that stage was that the 
justices had considered the sum- 
mons relating to the alleged 
attempt to supply. They had not 
yet begun farm manly to try the 
substantive charges. 

Accordingly, they had acted 
precipitately and in breach of 

section 25(2) of the 1980 Act. In 
relation to the attempt sum- 
mons, however, . the justices 
were entitled to take the course 

they did. 

The ap p lication ' would suc- 
ceed in so for as it related to tire 
substantive offences, and those 
charges would be remitted for a 
fresh hearing by way of sum- 
mary triaL Once those proceed- 
ings had bear; commenced It 
would be opedto the justices to 
discontinue them and to pro- 
ceed by.way of committal for 

Sir Roger Ormrod delivered a 
concurring jtidgnwttL 
Solicitors: Mi Bruce Simpson, . 
Bfflerieay; Mr J. J. Goodwin, 
Chelmsford.' . 

not. because be was not a 
trustee. , ^ _ .. 

In Lister 4 Co t States 

a 18901 45 CJ» l)il was held that 
r relation between employee 
and employer in similar circum- 
stances was that of debto r and 
creditor, not trustee, and cestui 
auc trust. _ . „ „ 

^Tbe draftsmen of the l%8 
Act must have had that decision p 
in mind when canstdcnftg the 
w ord ing of section 5. Had they 
intended to -bring within the 
ambit of the Theft Act a whole 
new area -of behaviour which 
had previously not been consid- 
ered to be ccuninal. they would 
love used much more explicit 
■words.- ■ 

Looking at the matter from a 
different angle; cmdd it be said 
that the employer bad a “propri- 
etary right or mtrresi" in the 
profit made by A? 

If a defaulted in his obliga- 
tion to pay his suppliers, they 
could not site the employer, 
because the contract of we was 
with A. and was not only outside . 
the scope of fees amboriry from 
the employer but was also in 
fiariamckmanccofibataatimr- §. 
jty a ad toe terms of has employ- 
ment . : - . 

The employer could thus 
scarcely be said to have a 
propriet a ry interest in the beer 
or in the proceeds of the beer. 

Eves assuming Has xenon 
5(1) efid import ibe constructive 
trust into the Theft Act, os the 
feds, of toe case toe employer 
stiff obtained ms proprietary 
. interest, since toe prtmi dement 
never became * separate piece of 
property of which A could be a 
constructiv e truste e. 

No less difficulty would arise 
in toe proof of dishonesty and 
guilty intent A nught very writ 
say. and truthfully, that he knew 
he was in breach of contract, but 
it had never occurred to hsn 
dm he might be stealing toe 
profit from ms employer. * 

That seemed to be a good 
Illustration of the 
otgectiOKiability of toe whole 
proposition. If something wasso 
abstruse and so far from the 
uaderaxaudijg of ordinary peo 1 - 
ple as to what constituted 
stealing, then it should, not 
amount to stealing 
Solicitors: DPP; Treasury 

ft was not necessary to pursue 
that aspect because the statute 
was not ambiguous. Once it was 
appreciated that the phrase 
“employed at an establishment 
in Great Britain” required f 
clarification in toe context of 
ships and of work undertaken 
partly outride Great Britain 
and, fimher, required a formula 
for. identifying the , relevant 
establishment, toe traepurpose 
and meaning of section IQ 
became apparent It was e 
definition danse which could be 
written back into section 6. 

So read ii excluded claims by 
those whose work was done 
wholly or mamly outride Great 
Britain, unless it was done on a 
British-FCgotered Ship, in which 
case . only employees whose 
work was done wholly outside 
Great Britain was excluded. 

• The.bdief that that was the 
true construction: was fortified 
by a consideration of toe -m 
anomalies which would arise if . 
subsection (4) was in no way 
governed by subsection (1). 

In the Sight of the approach to 
toe meaning of “establishment” 
adopted by toe House of Lords 
in lord Advocate v Babcock & 

Wikox (Operations) Lid ((1972] 

1 WLR 488) there was tittle 
doubt that toe ship was an 
establishment, but if that was 
wrong the anomalies increased. 

The employee’s claim foiled 
for lack of jurisdiction and her 
appeal should be dismissed. 

concurring; said that a careful 
analysis of section 10 showed 
that subsection (l) was to be 
construed as a comprehensive 
definition of “employment ai an 
establishment in Great Britain” flf; 
to be applied in all cases except 
where the- subsection was 
specifically excl u ded by reason 
of subsection. (2). 

In the circumstances it was 

not necessary to consider, the 
further submission that a ship 
engaged asa cross-Channel ferry 
was not an establishment within 
the meaning of the Art. " 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 

Solicitors: J W Craddock & 

Co, Gilli ng ha m . Kent; David 
Hartley & Co, Maidstone. 

No judicial 
review of 

Regiuav National CoalBoud, 

Eat' parte National Union : aC 
Mineworkers and Other* -- l. 1 

■. JTCy dedritm tafam by toe 
NC3 to close Bates Qfitiery 4n 
Northumberland was an exec- 
utive or business or .manage- 
: mem decision, fumiiar to one 
taken by a public company, and 
. assuch it was. not. in. any .way 

part of ns. activities as a paUfe 

body and therefore . suscejaiMe 
to judicial review^ " ‘ ' 

Nor was the NCtBTt dedaw 
an act done under section '46 of jjg, 
the Coal . Industry NatioMliza. ■ 
non Act 1946 since that section* 

)!?* a i. re ^L as 4 w *Brf«»'refotod to 
the board’s duty to ■ 

m ach in er y for the settfcmeniof 
terms and conditions of employ- 
ment and other matters, and did - • 

not extend beyond that^to the 
rea hns of consuftatioii as & 
matter of statutory duty. 

.PHERSON so held in toe' 
Queen’s Bench' Division oil 
March 7 . when he dismissed ah . - 

application for, inter alio, an * 
oreer .of certiorari to quashthe - 
final derision of foe board on 
Ffebnrary 20, 1986. to cfosoxhe 
colliery _ and an injunction 

restraining the board taking any 

stcre towards the closure until a 
lawful final decision had been 



i -*r\ r\\v 

V i i 1 il'jj 



Colbys go 

85 ' common consent those men 
of hidden acuity, the - pro- 
gramme Planers, have made 
it harder than a ship’s biscuit 
to Bad anythi ng worth match- 
ing on Friday evenings. Friday 
night really is the bottom of 
the week’s barrel and yon 
cannot . scrape much lower 
than Sporting Chance (BBC2) 
in which well-known personal- 
ities, take up sports of their 
choice. Last night's pro- 
gramme. the fourth of eight, 
consisted In witne ssing the 

ers and actors as they learnt 
how to ski, play snooker and 
fire an . arrow. Under the 
soldering smSe of Anneka 
Rice, who seems everywhere 
these day’s, the whole enter- 
prise was scrappfly produced, 
purposelessly directed and la- 
borious to watch. How it came 
to be made, heaven knows. 

With such competition. The 
Colbys (BBCl) comes into its 
own, leaving one breathless 
with confusion, titiOafum, 
frustration, ironic laughter 
and sheer incredulity. Witte 
Dellas, . Dynasty and this 
equivalent to Dynasty 11 rai- 
ning at the same time, soap 
has taken on the characteris- 
tics of bacteria. It is now 
possible to understand the 
riramistances in which the 
West German Government 
could issue a ministerial com- 
munique assuring that DaHtis 
did not pose a fundamental 
threat to the German family. 
That said. The Colbys is 
knocking its predecessors into 
a doffed stetson. Produced 
with the necessary Involve- 
ment of Aaron Spelling, it sets 
out audaciously to include 
everything from incest to mad- 

The scale is altogether 
grander. Colby Enterprises, 
snarls Jason Colby — formida- 
bly played by Chariton Heston 

— is not like the cozy Ettte 
grocer’s store of Denver 
Carrington. Profits are spent 
on modern art — yon cannot 
move for horse sculptures, 
Rothkos and Klines — and 
everyone travels by helicopter 
in dinner jackets. When a 
character says “Rome sounds 
wonderful”, it sounds as if he 
wants to buy the option. “Yon 
know how yon lore Italy**, says 
Jason's wonderfafly evil wife. 
Sable, to her sister, Frances 
Scott Colby Carrington (there 
are more double barrels in this 
series than a pairtidge shoot); 
“Share it with the two men la' 
yoinr life**. . 

The mainsprii^ remains the . 
dilemma between- whether to’ 
be part of the fkmfiy or 
yourself, propelling FaHon 
into a split personality, 
Jason's aster Connie (Barba- 
ra Stanwyck) into an anony- 
mous affair with a hillbilly she 
met at a charity radio, and 
Blake Carragton into stimi- 
bling on to the Colby set and 
telling everyone he meets 
“Your family needs, you”. The 
high point, his reunion with 
Fallon, was a great comic piece 
as he fell into her arms smiling 
like a geriatric vampire whose 
false teeth have heat knocked 

Dallas’s total strength was 
that it dealt only with one 
family. The Colbys Is weakness 

- and it is a rirefting one - is 
that it deals with anyone who 
strays on to the set. You only 
have to shoot JR. Who knows 
how they wifi get rid of the 
Colbys, but 1 would lore to he 
driving the tank. 



The Famous 

Chelsea Tom Hafl. tins M, SW3 
11 - 22 MARCH 
■ 11.00 am - 7.30 pa 
(except Sswfay) 

40 steals, top tpaBy. 

Most tow pre*183B. afl lor sale. 
AftassiM £2.00 ad. ohtope 

Penman Furs 

01-351 6619 



John Haynss 

at gale force 

Lend Me a Tenor 


On first acquaintance Ken 
Ludwig, seems a farceur who 
gets trigger-happy with bed- 
room doors, .and .who can 
never relinquish a double- 
meaning until he has flogged it 
to death. He also has verve, a 
sound grasp of plot mechan- 
ics, and a rare ability to couple 
high art and low comedy. 
Considering the lamentable 
quality of the farces that have 
been sneaking into the West 
End lately, it is no wonder that 
Thursday’s audience respond- 
ed to Lend Hf e a Tenor iyx\le 
supplied by Richard Stilgoe) 
like a parched bend stumbling 
upon a water bole. 

We spend the evening in the 
fanciest hotel suite in Cleve- 
land. Ohio, on the tenth 
anniversary gala of the town’s 
Grand Opera. Tickets for this 
event have rocketed to as 
much as $30, and trade-loads 
of over-ripe shrimp mayon- 
naise await the festive crowd. 
AH depends on the arrival of a 
famed Italian tenor who 1ms 
been prevailed upon to give 
Cleveland his OteUo: and the 
first scene consists of lip- 
licking testimonials to his 

animal attractions, coupled 
with anxiety over whether n 
Supremo is going id show up. 

The characters so far are 
Max, the company's general 
factotum, and : the 
impressario's daughter, 
Maggje, who brushes off 
Max’s hopes of marriage along 
. with his aspirations as a 
singer. Max is played by 
Dennis Lawson: but no sooner 
have you decided that this is 
Mr Cinders all over again than 
an unseen orchestra strikes up 
and he. talus a very creditable 
stab at “Celeste Aida". What- 
ever the absurdities of opera 
stars and cultural committees, 
there are no Philistine gags 
about opera itself. 

The great Tito arrives with 
monsterwife in low: strikes up 
a musical friendship with Max 
(confirmed in tbe stirring Don 
Cades duet), and retires to 
bed before the performance. 
Unsurprisingly, he foils to 
awaken on time, and Max 
gallantly blacks up and steps 
into the breach, bringing Le 
torn Cleveland to its knees, 
whikrthe real star is hauled off 
by the police for trying to 
break into the theatre. Thence 
to a classic' hue and cry, with 
two Otellos in adjoining 
rooms, pursued by Maggie 

Mouse into tenor Denis Lawson with Jan Francis in Lend Me a Tenor 

and an equally ravenous Des- 
demona, not to mention tbe 
queenly chaiiperson of the 
opera committee and her 
writhingly compromised im- 

Mr Ludwig is no exponent 
of farcical thrift, he writes in 
passing gags that go nowhere 
(at one point we are told that 
the orchestra] parts have been 
lost: a calamity never men- 
tioned again): his women arc 
heavily over-written vamps 
and climbers: motivation is 
never allowed to get in the way 
of fun, which is laid on with a 

Hence the particular joy of 
David Gilmore’s production 
which caps the excessive over- 

writing with its own explosive 
vitality. The timing is superb, 
particularly when « comes to 
the art of the slow bum. 
Witness John Barron’s re- 
sponse to the news that II 
Supremo has passed away: an 
immense gap of stupefied 
disbelief before the 
irnpressario erupts in enraged 
physical assault on the incon- 
siderate corpse. 

Anna Nicholas smoulders 
to similar effect as the star’s 
wife. Latin jealousy incarnate 
as she takes to her bed with a 
magazine and responds to 
every placating word by rip- 
ping out another page as if it 
were a rival’s eyes. Ronald 
Holgaie as Tito performs an 

amazing transformation from 
the complacently dyspeptic 
celebrity of the first act to the 
wild-eyed fugitive from the 
Cleveland slammer and Mr 
Lawson presents a reverse 
transformation from his 
mousey first self to the hero of 
the night. 

Comic invention repeatedly 
pushes panic to fearless limits, 
especially when characters 
abruptly turn into inanimate 
objects to be propped up or 
hauled about like planks. With 
typical verve. Mr Gilmore 
rounds things off with a 
prestissimo pantomime recap 
of the whole plot 

Irving Wardle 


Welsh quality 

If you live in London and the 
South you may easily enter- 
tain the belief that radio 
drama emanates from 
Langham Place and that’s 
that. However, a superficial 
study of Radio Times ought, to 
make it plain that several 
other centres. — -Bristol, Bir- 
mingham, Manchester — feed 
in a wealth of material to the 
networks and indeed shelter 
the talents of some of the best 
drama directors in the busi- 
ness. What may take s little 
mare effort to discover is that 
the ' national regions — Scot- 
land, Northern Ireland, Wales 
— are Tunning drama opera- 
tions of their own but get little 
network hearing. 

When it does get through, 
Scotland arid: Northern Ire- 
land emerge as ibices to be 
reckoned with.' Scotland is 
maybe just a little way ahead. 
While the everlasting shadow 
of Irish history and its present 
manifestation in the Ulster 
conflict has been a recurring . 
inspiration in Belfast, the. 
Scots' have no such ready 
source to hand. And possibly, 
that is an advantage. • 

But what about Wales? For 
some reason plays from Car- 
diff have made less impact. 
But this week’s sequence of 
Welsh Drama presented a 
chance to see if that impres- 
sion was a fair one. 

We began with a Saturday 
Night Theatre: Three . of 
Swords' (Radio 4; director, 
Adrian Mouthy) was a detec- 
tive thriller by Mike Dorrell 
which seemed to be trying to 
reproduce on radio the last, 
thrusting, impressionistic 
style dear to television. In- 
spector Mai Rees lands in 
serious trouble when the 
woman be is having o'n the 
side of a tonering marriage is 
found - murdered. Although 
suspended, Rees bullies and 
browbeats colleagues and sus- 
pects alike until he drags the 
nasty truth to Ifoht. Accents 
apart, .1 could find nothing 
ven 1 specifically Welsh about 
the'subject or the treatment, 
but then I did have a problem 
foil owing what was going on. 

Monday night on Radio 4 
brought Taken Oat (director, 
Adrian Mourby). Greg 
Cullen's play was about the 
attack on the troop transport- 

er, Sir Galahad, during the 
Falklands War. It painted an 
inglorious picture of war in 
general . and the Falklands 
version in particular. 

-Seen principally from the 
point of view of a bereaved 
young wife and using flash- 
backs and voices of the dead, 
it reminded me of Shirley 
Gee's memorable play about 
Northern Ireland. Never In 
My Lifetime, and the remind- 
er was' revealing. Whereas Mrs 
Gee created a small group of 
vivid characters whose awful 
foie, produced both under- 
standing and agonizing pity, it 
seemed to me that Mr Cullen 
had rather set put to write a 
play against war which his 
serviceable but slightly lifeless 
characters were conscripted 
into carrying. 

The most Welsh of this little 
group of plays was the last 
Alison Leonard’s Penrhyn ■ 
Summer (Radio 4, Tuesday;, 
director, Adrian Mourby) 
looked back to the depreda- 
tions of the lordly slate quarry 
masters of the turn of tbe 
century and to a strike that 
had left its bitter mark. There 
were promising themes of 
misunderstanding between 
Welsh and English and of deep 
responsibility to family aban- 
doned for the sake of national- 
ist political ambition. But this 
apart the play declined to 
spring to life, again as if theme 
had come before not only 
people, but story too. 

This view of course emerges 
from English language drama 
alone. There are plays in 
Welsh as well not accessible to 
most of us. Wales is the only 
region working widely in two 
lan guag es and the conse- 
quence is that each tongue is 
allocated only one drama 
producer. In English, Mr 
Mourby has been doing every-, 
thing. The productions ■ we 
have heard from him have 
been competent but not re- 
markable: At tbe same time it 
is well nigh impossible to 
make a fine production out of 
lacklustre material, and on 
last week’s showing ft is the 
quality of that material in 
Wales that first needs to be 
upgraded if the region is to 
stand level with its fellows. 

David Wade 

Derek de Lint in van den Berg’s Bastille 


Susan Greenberg introduces two directors 
from the NFT’s second Jewish season 


The two men at the National 
Film Theatre this month to 
speak about their work — 

Claude linmann and Ru- 
dolph van den Berg- have, as 
their subjects, genocide and 
Jewish identity. Even within 
the context of the cuirent 
second Jewish Him Festival, 
these themes may seem well 
worn, even overdone. But in 
their different ways 
Lanzmann and van den Berg’s 
work has helped to jolt the 
discussion from Hollywood 
turf on to original, although 
controversial, ground. 

When Shoah (Part II is 
screened tomorrow) was 
shown this January on Dutch 
television — the first country 
to be allowed by Lanzmann to 
do so — thousands of people 
rang the special telephone 
number flashed at intervals on 
to the screen, with calls con- 
tinuing into tbe night Painful 
memories kept private for 
more than 40 years were being 
prodded, spoken and relived 
m the nine-and-a-half-hour 

Holland might be thought 
of as a special case. The most 
fully integrated Jewish com- 
munity in Europe also provid- 
ed, paradoxically, the largest 
number of people who never 
returned from tbe camps. But 
everywhere Shoah has been 
hailed as a masterpiece, nota- 
bly by Simone de Beauvoir 
and Marcel Ophuls, director 
of The Sorrow and the Pity. It 
will be shown later on Chan- 
nel 4. 

It is the past as sacred, token 
wisdom which is shaken up by 
Lanzmann 's work. His aim 
was to understand the evil and 
lodge it permanently in the 
human conscience. Familiar 
documentary or fictional 
treatment, like the American 
Holocaust which Lanzmann 
hates so fiercely, cannot do 
this. His answer was to avoid 
all archives and bring alive the 
places and voices of people 
directly involved in the geno- 

“It is their own story that 
they relT, Lanzmann said 
about his own technique, “but 
to tell it is not enough; they 
must realize ft." His success is 

in making a film after which 
no one can say that it did not 

Identity is intimately linked 
to the past and the Holocaust 
hovers like an absent ghost in 
■ Rudolph van den Berg’s work. 
It was not this, however, but 
more recent history which 
sparked his very different 
project, an effort to untangle 
what it means to be Jewish for 
a generation that has grown up 
since the war and the creation 
of Israel. He tries to unravel 
the different strands of Jewish, 
Jsraeli, Zionist. 

Van den Berg’s strong point 
is ambiguity, although his 
films are very clear and under- 
standable. After studying po- 
litical science in Amsterdam 
be started off as a documenta- 
ry film-maker in the 1970s. 
Since then he has moved 
steadily towards the feature 
film. He has gone from being 
"a political film-maker to a 
film-maker with a political 

Ambiguity itself is a certain 
kind of identity; the feeling of 
always being on the outside, 
examining oneself and others, 
a dissenter even within the 
Jewish world. His first impor- 
tant work falls easily in this 
role. The Dutch Jewish com- 
munity tried to have it banned 
from television and it has 
never been shown in IsraeL 
even though his other films 
have won praise there. The 
Alien 's Place, shown earlier 
this week, was the product of 
“an angry young film- 
maker. . . a very anli-zionist 

In Bastille (March 26) van 
den Berg had lost this early 
anger and practised the les- 

sons he had learnt about 
making his films more accessi- 
ble in form. “I became much 
more inclined to give in to the 
tradition of grief and not to 
talk about its conse- 
quences. . . Bastille is about 
how people cope with the 
unbearable”, he says. 

This takes its form in a story 
about a happily married, as- 
similated teacher in Holland 
who has to leave behind his 
old life in order to face the 
facts of history and his own 

In Stranger al Home 
(March 24), van den Berg 
journeys to Israel with a 
Palestinian friend who has 
lived in exile for many years. 
As they get nearer to the spot, 
he says, “the more we are 
under the influence of circum- 
stances. You see him become 
a more stereotyped Palestin- 
ian, and me a more stereo- 
typed Jew. . . you begin to 
understand why the Middle 
East nonsense goes on and on. 
The Alien ’s Place was about 
being consistent But here I 
have allowed myself to live 
with being tom". 

This acceptance of contra- 
diction is also the theme of 
van den Berg's next project 
based on a true story, called 
The Sinner , for which he is 
still looking for joint British 

These are to most film- 
makers. particularly a Jewish 
one. dangerous waters to ex- 
plore, with opponents on all 
sides ready to snap. But his 
work is carried by a real drive 
to keep them dear and open to 
the audience, and a film- 
making skill which allows that 
audience to come to its own 


Sounds familiar 

Queen Elizabeth 

As Joaquin Rodrigo enters his 
85th year, there are still works 
of his which Britain has yet to 
discover, and bis current 
South Bank festival offers at 
least six which will be unfa- 
miliar to most audiences. 

Rodrigo is a composer 
whose first performances are 
greeted with a relieved and 
pleasurable sigh of deja vu. 
Discovery is hardly the right 
word: a sense of reassured 
welcome rather than excite- 
ment warmed the generous 
movement-hy-movement ap- 
plause in his presence on 
Thursday night. 

The mood of the entire 
evening was one of andante 
nostalgico. the direction re- 
served for the main theme of 
his Concierto madrigal, given 
its London premiere by Angel 
and Pepe Romero. Its suite of 
evocative and vividly charac- 
terized variations on 
Arcadelt’s “O felici occhi 
miei" was imaginatively set in 
the context of Respighi’s own 
Ancient Airs and Dances and, 
as an overture to the entire 
evening, “La Primavera" 
from Respighi's Triitico 

King/ Consort of 
Wigmore Hail 

The voice is perhaps the only 
instrument of the baroque 
epoch whose original sounds 
we cannot be reasonably sure 
o£ I have entirely subjective 
reservations about Andrew 
King's rather monochromatic, 
sometimes seemingly half- 
swallowed tenor but this 
young artist's name steals on 
to programmes and record 
sleeves with enough regularity 
to suggest that he is now a 
leading light in his chosen 

The doubt dispensed with, 
one can launch swiftly into 
praise for King’s imaginative, 
varied choice of music and for 
his impressive singing of most 
of it. Nothing demanded more 
vocal athleticism, for . exam- 
ple. than Sigismondo 
D' India's typically spectacular 
monody “Giunto alia tomba", 
where King also showed a 
greater expressive flexibility 
than had earlier been evident 
in a pair of motels by Schutz. 
in Monteverdi's elaborate 
“Confitebor tibi, Domine”, or 
in the free-ranging recitative 
of Carissimi's ‘.‘Justus es 

The Uberating influence at 
this stage of his recital was 
undoubtedly his three 

But there were moments 
when that sense of dejh vu 
worked rather less positively. 
The joy of Rogngo's music is 
its ready smile, its ever- 
amenable backgrounds: the 
challenge of foreground of 
revelation and development is 
not a distinguishing feature. 

So the two UK premieres 
were not, perhaps, best served 
by being heard consecutively 
in a solid hour and a half of 
music-making which also 
included an albeit more than 
usually compelling perfor- 
mance by Angel Romero of 
the Concierto aeAranjuez. 

The bright pageantry of the 
courtly dances from Parana 
Real fitted neatly into the 
programme. But the Bourne- 
mouth Sinfonietta. under 
Raymond Caicraft, seemed 
weary, and understandably so, 
by ihe end of the 1982 
Concierto para una fiesta. 

For all the considerable 
imagination and virtuosity of 
its solo writing and of Pepe 
Romero’s performance its ma- 
terial was endlessly prolix, 
particularly in its relentless 
. alternation rather than cross- 
‘ fertilization of forces. Despite 
the promise of its haunting 
slow movement with its osti- 
nato passed between guitar 
and woodwind it soon 
blurred into an over-repetitive 
montage of Rodrigo finger- 

Hilary Finch 

Dowlaod songs, where he was 
partnered by Anthony Rooley. 
Here he' concentrated all his 
interpretitive powers into con- 
veying vividly the subtle emo- 
tions that qre the result of an 
alchemic mix of words and 

Songs like “I Saw My Lady 
Weep” and “Farewell Too 
Fair” certainly put examples 
by John Wilson, heard later, in 
the shade, though not of 
course Purcell, whose nimble 
“Come All Ye. Songsters” and 
touching “The Cares of 
Lovers” and “What a Sad 
Fate” wen? other high points 
of the evening. 

King is also quite a charac- 
ter actor, and this he amply 
proved by following a beauti- 
fully-controlled performance 
of Henry Lawes’s “Farewell 
Despairing Hopes" and his 
crisp delivery of brolher Wil- 
liam Lawes’s “Why So Pale 
and Wan” with a chunk from 
Matthew Locke's masque Cu- 
pid and Death, in which he 
comically contrived to foil in 
love with two apes. 

The Consort of Musicke's 
bass viol player sportingly 
portrayed one of them, though 
elsewhere she joined her col- 
leagues in the more conven- 
tional business of deftly 
providing eontinuo lines of 
attractively varied hues. 

Stephen Pettitt 







an his 

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Part of Spain 

Sports Diary has saved the life of 
England spinner Phil Edmonds. 
Only those who have lately seen 
the Edmonds torso — as I did at 
the Hilton swimming pool on a 
rest day in Trinidad — can know 
how close he and England's Test 
hopes were to death. Exactly over 
his heart was an immense ring of 
purple bruising. "If it hadn't been 
for the chest protector. I would 
have been a goner,” he said. (He 
was recently presented with a 
handsome cigar humidor his wife, 
Frances, said she was planning to 
use it as an urn.) The protector in 
question was the new lightweight 
Air-OWear half- waist coat, the 
development of which was an- 
nounced. and warmly recom- 
mended, in this column before the 
touring party had equipped them- 
selves for the struggle. 

Incidentally, the ferocious 
beamer that felled Edmonds has 
been thought of darkly as a 
retaliation tor Edmonds’ provoc- 
atively close fielding against Gor- 
don Greenidge. But Edmonds 
believes that the ball was, in fact a 
curious accident: an attempted 
yorfcer that slipped in the hand as 
Patrick Patterson bowled. Ac- 
cident or not it was a hellish balL 

Wind of change 

Newcomer Patterson, incident- 
ally, is the biggest surprise of the 
series so far - ask any Lancas- 
trian. He played for Lancashire 
last season as their now traditional 
nuclear weapon import from the 
West Indies. But he was perpetu- 
ally disappointing to the Lancas- 
trians, never folly fit apparently 
never truly happy and seldom 
bowling with memorable venom. 
But now, only a few months later, 
he has been recognized as the 
fastest bowler in the world today, 
even the fastest ever. My respected 
colleague John Woodcock says 
“there is nothing in it” between 
him and the legendary Frank 
Tyson. Perhaps it needed tra- 
ditional Jamaican rather than 
traditional Lancastrian weather to 
bring out Patterson’s talent. But 
those who follow Lancashire can- 
not believe it is the same man. 

Chat show 

Carlisle Best is another newcomer 
to the West Indian squad, and he 
is a man with a number of 
peculiarities. Chief among them is 
his habit of giving a Radio Three 
ball-by-ball commentary while he 
is playing. “Here comes Ellison - 
and Best is right behind that one,” 
says Best, as he blocks. Then, as he 
moves into the attack: “And Best 
eases that through the covers — 
what a beautiful stroke.” Law- 
rence Rowe, the former West 
Indies batsman, used to drive 
close fielders mad with his in- 
cessant whistling of calypso tunes, 
but the loquacious Best seems to 
lave outdone him. 

• The rigours of the tour have 
caused a new cricketing phrase to 
enter the language: the “perfume 
ball”. It refers to the one that goes 
past the end of your nose and 
leaves a whiff of burnt leather in 
the air. 

Speedy recovery 

Edmonds is not the only England 
casualty. Spare a thought for Fred, 
the bowling machine. He pulled a 
hamstring earlier this week but 
diligent physiotherapy on his bat- 
tery soon brought him back to full 
90mph pace. 


he protesters who have been 
demonstrating outside the ground 
in Trinidad, trying to bring about 
an island-wide boycott of the tour, 
have brought together some 
imaginative slogan-writers. “West 
Indies Cricket Board of Control 
run by Thatcher” was the most 
imaginative. The most charming 
was “Dey feel all ah we bora in 
silly mid-off”. 

Shallow end 

When not watching the cricket or 
pounding my typewriter, 1 am as 
amenable as anyone to relaxing 
round the hotel pool. But another 
member of the press corps takes a 
disapproving view of such hedo- 
nism,' whether for hacks or play- 
ers. This is Geoffrey Boycott, who, 
non-player though he is, still has a 
spell in the nets every morning. 
When he was an England cricketer 
and confronted by one of those 
“reasons for visit” spaces on 
immigration forms, he always 
wrote “business” “I like sunbath- 
ing but I'm not here for a 
holiday — I'm here for business.” 
.he was wont to say. “And my 
business is making runs.” 


‘■Actually I'm training to run 
away from fashionable charities’ 

Pill: the doctors’ dilemma 

How great is the doctor’s obliga- 
tion of confidentiality to girls 
under the age of 16 seeking 
contraceptive advice? Doctors, 
parents and the girls themselves 
are totally confused. 

From a dear judgement by the 
House of Lords last October, 
which seemed finally to end Mrs 
Victoria Gillick’s five-year battle 
to win for parents the right to be 
informed if their children are 
prescribed the pill, the position 
now is clouded by conflicting 
views of what the law really is. 
There are three separate but 
overlapping sets of advice _ to 
doctors from the General Medical 
Council, tbe British Medical 
Association and sow the Depart- 
ment of Health. 

So what is the legal position, 
what are the effects of tbe GMCs 
recent ruling likely to be, and bow 
did we get into this mess? 

It is worth going back to the 
beginning When Mrs GiUick 
started her legal campaign the 
advice from the GMC (the 
doctors’ disciplinary body), from 
the BMA (their professional 
association) and from the DHSS 
was all in line. 

When an under-age girl sought 
the pill the doctor had to make 
every effort to persuade her to 
involve her parents. If she refused 
he could, exceptionally, if be 
judged it in her best interests, to 
prescribe without informing them. 
The doctor also had to observe the 
normal rules of professional se- 
crecy: he could not tell the parents 
or anyone else about the consulta- 
tion without the patient's per- 

That duty is not absolute. In 
certain circumstances a doctor is 
legally obliged to breach con- 
fidence in the public interest to 
report notifiable diseases or 
information relating to a serious 
crime, in cases of incest or child 
abuse. or when a poorly controlled 

Nicholas Timmins analyses the confosioo 
over consulting room secrecy 
since the Law Lords 9 ruling on Gillick 

epileptic insists on .continuing to 

But any doctor who breached 
the confidence of an under-age girl 
would have been open to 
discplinary proceedings by the 
GMC If a complaint was made he 
would have had to justify his 
action. If he foiled to do so to the 
GMCS satisfaction, disciplinary 
action would have followed. 

Mrs Gillick’s attempt to have 
the law declare that a doctor’s first 
duty was to parents, and that 
contraceptives could never be 
prescribed without their consent, 
failed in the House of Lords last 
October. The Law Lords however 
laid down five dear conditions. 
Among them, they insisted that 
the girl had to be mature enough 
to understand all the issues in- 
volved and that the new DHSS 
guidlines followed the Law Lords' 

To a layman's reading, there is 
nothing in the judgement! that 
states that when a girl is too 
immature to understand the is- 
sues, tiie doctor is therefore ab- 
solved of his duty of confidence. 
Yet that is the position the GMC 
has adopted. 

The legal advice it took came 
chiefly from Professor Ian Ken- 
nedy, Professor of Medical Law 
and Ethics at King's College. 
London, who is not only a 
member of the GMC but sits on its 
standards committee which drew 
up the revised guidance. He was 
also counsel for the DHSS at the 
Law Lords hearing. 

His advice was that alter the 
Law Lords’ ruling the GMC could 
□o longer teU doctors that they 
must observe secrecy, instead they 

had to be left free to inform 
parents if they judged the girl too 
immature to enter into a “contract 
of confidence”. 

A balance had to be struck 
between the interests of the family 
and the child, and when the child 
was too immature the duty of 
confidence lay with the parents, he 
argued. Hence the GMC guidance 
that the doctor may (but does not 
have to) disclose the child's visit, 
although his decision to do so 
must reflect both the patient's best 
interests and tbe trust the child has 
placed in him. 

It is this advice that has left 
other eminent lawyers baffled. 
Thg'BMA is adamant that its legal 
advice is that in law there is still 
nothing to stop the GMC insisting 
that the normal rales of secrecy 
apply to under-age patients. 

Professor Glanvihe Williams, 
former Professor of English Law at 
Cambridge University, says firmly 
that tiie judgement has “ab- 
solutely nothing to say” on the 
question of whether the doctor can 
tell the parents if he considers the 
girl too immature. “No sentence 
in it either states or implies an 
answer to that question”. 

Professor Williams says: “There 
is no legal contract of confidential- 
ity between a health service doctor 
and the parents and there is 
nothing in law to say whether the 
doctor should always teU the 
parents about a consultation or 
never tdl them. It is an issue of 
medical ethics, not a legal issue”. 

In practice what the GMCs 
ruling has done is shift tbe burden 
of proof off the doctor. Under the 
old rules, a decision to breach 
confidence would have to be 

justified. Now, in tbe case of 
immature under-age girls, the 
doctor no longer has to do so and 
his judgement that the giri was too 
immature is not an issue that 
could be challenged before the 

It is there that the BMA and the 
GMC part company. Dr John 
Maries, chairman .• of the BMA's 
council says: “The onus of proof 
should remain on the doctor. 
Under tiie old rules the doctor 
could breach the girl's confidence, 
but would have had to justify his 
action. Now he no longer has to”. 

Tbe BMA says its prime con- 
cern is that the GMCs ruling turns 
going to the doctor into a lottery 
for an under-age girl Not until the 
end of the consultation will she 
know whether the doctor will 
maintain her confidence or not. _ 

Because the GMCs advice is 
not mandatory — the doctor may 
tell, but is not obliged to — some 
GPs will always maintain confid- 
entiality, some may not. The 
Brook and other family pla nnin g 
clinics have guaranteed that their 
doctors will do so. 

The probable result is that more 
under-age girls go to the Clinics 
and fewer to their GPs, for fear 
their GP may telL Yet it is the GP, 
who best knows the family, who 
has the better chance of persuad- 
ing the giri to involve her parents. 

To that extern at least, the 
GMC has done parents and their 
young patients ■ a disservice. It 
would do well to go back to where 
it started and state that the normal 
rules of professional secrecy 
should again apply. Any doctor 
who still genuinely felt it was in 
tbe girl’s best interest to tdl her 
parents that she was seeking the 
pill could still do so. But the onus 
would be back on the doctor to 
justify his breach of confidence if a 
patient complained. 

The author is Social Services 
correspondent of The Times. 

Like something from a tourist brochure, the Cistercian monastery at 
Rein. Below, Father Rappokl entertains in the monastery restaurant 
His interest in some local women. It is said, was more than pastoral 

Richard Bassett on the scandal that has shaken Austrian Catholics 

of the 
of Rein 


Monastic life in Austria has its 
rewards. In addition to spiritual 
recompense, there is the splendour 
of living in some of tiie most 
inspiring medieval and baroque 
buildings in Europe and sharing 
tbe finest wines and most pic- 
turesque estates in the country. 

Anyone who has enjoyed the 
hospitality of these excellent in- 
stitutions, however briefly, will 
testify that these delights more 
than compensate for rising at 6am 
for prayers. For Father Pauius 
Rappold, until last month the 
abbot of the Cistercian monastery 
of Rein, tbe 850-year-old founda- 
tion with its vast accumulated 
wealth became a scene of outra- 
geous profligacy. 

In his 12-year supervision of the 
Cistercians' oldest monastery in 
Austria, the abbot managed to run 
up £5 million of debts, and alleg- 
edly appropriated parcels of 
monastic property and seduced 
several village women. 

The revelation of these sins 
horrified millions of devout Aus- 
trian Catholics and came as a Mow 
to the Cistercian order, which in 
contrast to the more modest 
Benedictine brethren in Austria 
considers itself somewhat con- 
descendingly, to be the ne plus 
ultra of religious piety. 

When Rappold was denounced 
by the senior Cistercian abbot in 
Austria, Dr Dominik Nimmer- 
voU, he disappeared, then tele- 
phoned Austrian radio to say he 
would explain all as soon as he had 
recovered from a foot injury. So 
for he has not publicly explained 
anything, but this week he did turn 
up at a police station in his 
Mercedes, accompanied by his 
lawyer to answer preliminary 
questions pending possible 

Whatever may emerge, it is 
unlikely to restore the confidence 
of Austrian Catholics in the way 
the monasteries are run. Until the 
Rappold scandal broke, the image 
that the Cistercians enjoyed 
among devout Catholics cone- 

James Ferguson 


the salmon net 

Of all our freshwater fish, the 
salmon reigns supreme. Pound for 
pound it is gamer than any other 
fish and provides excellent sport 
for the angler. As a food it is 
incomparable. But for years the 
salmon has been a fish in decline. . 

In 1973 the total catch of 
Atlantic wild salmon was around' 
10,000 tonnes; by 1984 it was 
down to 5,400 tonnes. Thirty 
years ago the Tcrndge river in 
Devon had a rod catch of 883 fish 
a year. In 1985, that figure had 
fallen to fewer than 50. 

It does not have to be that way. 
The success story of the River 

Thames, in which salmon can now 

thrive; shows what can be . done. 
Salmon stocks can be maintained, 
even restored. But it takes sound 
and active management. ' 

The government, which alone 
has responsibility for total fish 
stocks, has never lac ked advice 
and well-considered reports on the 
salmon. The Hunter and Bledisloe 
reports of early 1960s researched 
the problems objectively. The 
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries 
and Food issued its own consul- 
tative document in 1981- ' 

But comprehensive legislation 
was long overdue. The Salmon 
BiU, now before Parliament, 
should have been it. 

As drafted, the bill: 

• Set up a scheme for licensing 
dealers in salmon, to help curb the 
traffic in illegally-caught fish. _ 

• Introduced anew offence, being 
m possession of illegally caught 
fish, which was also designed to 
combat the growing problem of: 

sponded to the portraits of the 
founder of the order, St Robert of 
Mofetne, which with benign calm 

gaze down on the congregations of 
the Cistercians' eight parishes in 

At the Rein monastery, built 
like all Cistercian establishments 
in a quiet valley remote from 
medieval traffic arteries, the 
dozen monks and the neighbour- 
ing villagers are trying to pursue 
normal bves while tiie fraud squad 
conducts extensive inquiries. 

What the investigations have 
already uncovered nas amazed 
Austria. Not only is the abbot 
alleged to have cost his order 
millions of pounds; he is alleged to 
have borrowed on his own ac- 
count £1.25 million of which the 
monastery has no record. In 1978 
he is reported to have appro- 
priated 40 acres of land ana a 
small farmhouse. He had earlier 
restored a small hunting lodge 
which he used for entertaining 
politicians and bankers on a lavish 
scale. This group was like an 

exclusive club, blown to locals as 
the Rein Circle. 

But that seems minor compared 
with tire allegations concerning 
RappokTs success with women. 
The six-foowhree, 47-year-old 
Mercedes-driving abbot was in 
great demand socially. He was 
able within months ofhis appoint- 
ment as abbot to establish a fund- 
raising committee comprising the 
wives of virtually every aris- 
tocratic family in the area, includ- 
ing a daughter of the last Austrian 

According to Father Pauius 
Kamper of the nearby village of 
Gratkorn, Rap po Id's ability to 
charm the ladies was not confined 
to innocent fundraising. “I should 
not wish to disclose the secrets of 
the confessional” he says, “but I 
believe it to be in this affair's 
interests to say that I and other 
priests have often heard of cases 
involving the breaking of the sixth 

commandment in which the part 
ner mentioned was Father; 

But although no fewer titan 10 
Cistercian monks are reported to 
have left Rein in protest at their 
abbot’s way of life, it remains a 
mystery how he was able for so 
long to avoid discipline from on 
high over Ins self-indulgence or his 
financial affairs. 

The Vatican did not begin 
investigating the monastery’s af- 
fairs until last winter. The autono- 
mous status of Austria's mon- 
asteries had kept the ' abbot free 
from the prying eyes of taxation 

What greatly disturbs Austrian 
Catholics (who have to pay a so- 
called church tax if they wish to be 
sure of a Catholic burial) is the 
ease with which RappokTs es- 
capades went undetected by the 
Cistercians' own disciplinary bod- 
ies. — 

In theory, all transactions by a 
monastery involving more than 
about £250,000 should be referred 
to the Vatican. In addition to this 
check, the chief abbot of the order 
makes a tour of inspection to 
every monastery in his jurisdic-’ 
lion at least once every six years. 
The most recent inspection of 
Rein occurred a year after the 
abbot had .allegedly appropriated 
some monastery property but no 
action was taken. 

The Rappold case has thus 
underlined the ease with which an 
ambitious cleric can tamper with 
the vast funds committed to his 
charge. In many of the orders, the 
predominance m the upper eche- 
lons of oldo* monks ignorant of 
the ways of the modern world can 
put at risk the unique treasures of 
these establishments, which are an 
essential part of Austria’s heritage: 

Abbots and priests have been at 
pains in recent days to jurist that 
the Rein scandal is “an exception” 
but only a serious tightening of 
their controls over tiie men who 
run them will serve to restore 

Keeping television ‘imperialism 9 at bay 

New York 

Four years ago. Jack Lang, 
France's Minister of Culture, 
called for “a crusade against 
financial and intellectual imperi- 
alism that no longer or rarely grabs 
territory, but grabs consciousness, 
ways of thinking, ways of living” 

He was referring principally to 
American television. He said it 
had overwhelmed the broadcast 
channels of every country in the 
world. Many political and cultural 
leaders in developed countries and 
in the Third World shared his 

Today, however, concern about 
American “cultural imperialism” 
has diminished, according to An- 
thony Smith, author of The Geo- 
politics of Information: How 
Western Culture Dominates the 
World. Derek de Kerckhove, co- 
director of the McLuhan Program 
in Culture and Technology at the 
University of Toronto, agrees. 
“Other countries are teaming to 
deal with television," he says. 

He has in mind tiie strides that 
nations from Mexico to India 

have made in producing entertain- 
ment of their own, and the 
restrictions they now impose on 
American programmes. 

Where- popular local alter- 
natives exist. Smith says, Ameri- 
can shows have lost their allure. In 
Nigeria, for example, a local series 
called The Mirror in the Sun, a 
soap opera launched in 1984, has 
gripped the whole country. 

In India, two programmes in 
Hindi have also reduced Ameri- 
can predominance. One of them, a 
series about a large femily, has 
inspired more than a dozen other 

But even countries with plenty 
of programmes of their own have 
decided that a tougher response to 
American programming is 
needed. Britain, for example, lim- 
its American shows, including 
films, to 14 per cent of all 
television time. In France, when 
the government announced the 
formation of a second commercial 
television channel mainly de- 
voted to music, it said it would 
have to transmit at least 450 horns 

of French shows and videos in its 
first year. 

Concern about the glut of 
American entertainment still runs 
high in Canada, whore a survey 
found that people watch 45 hours 
of American drama for every hour • 
of Canadian. Last month the 
Canadian Broadcasting Corpora- 
tion proposed removing virtually 
all American programmes from its 
network by 1987 to give what it 
called “equal time for Canada”. 

Meanwhile the international 
market for programmes from any 
and every source is growing. 

Tbe International Television 
Programme Market, held every 
April in France, was attended last 
year by representatives of 117 
nations. “The world is getting a 
whole variety of programming 
sold more and more across inter- 
national markets,” said Kim 
Spenser, president of Intemews, 
which sets up simultaneous sat- 
ellite links. 

Last year's offerings were still 
predominantly American. But 
mixed in with Dallas and Dynasty 

were programmes such as The 
Yellow River, a 5,000-Year Jour- 
ney, co-produced by Japanese and 
Chinese television, and The Foot-, 
print of Crime, from Spain. And 
Lang'S position notwithstanding, 
French companies are among the 
most active sellers of programmes. 

Nevertheless, some worry that 
the ability of countries to produce 

their own television shows is being 
outpaced by the even foster growth 
in global telecommunications. 
The problem is that governments 
and broadcasters cannot afford to 
produce enough local material so 
they turn to the world market 

De Kerckhove of the McLohan 
Program argues, however, that as 
the communications boom 
continues, producers will find that 
they have to team to respect local 
culture. “Global producers will 
localize more,” he predicts, "to 
put people iiL touch with other 
regions in the world and with 
other problems in the world.” 

Philip Gutis 

<SNew Yak mow, um 

Provided for useful changes in 
the composition of the district 
salmon fishery boards which man- 
age the fishery along the major 
salmon rivers. 

But the bill contained a non- 
sense. The dealer licensing system 
was for Scotland only, suggesting 
that the fish caught mid marketed 
in England and Wales do not' 
deserve protection 

Wisely, however, the govern- 
ment sent the bill first to the 
House of Lords. The peers turned 
out to be a great store of accu- 
mulated fishing wisdom. So for, in 
29 hours of debate on 157 
amendments to the bill the Lords - 
have shown themselves effective 
representatives of the interests of 
anglers and fitting proprietors as 
well as commercial net operators. 
(One can reasonably assume that 
many of their lordships are expert 
-with a fly and enjoy the occasional 
dish of smoked salmon). With 
their revisions;, the b01 Iras been 

The licensing system, for exam- 
ple, has now been extended to 
England and Wates, although it is 
proposed that -licences should be 

administered through the water 
authorities, which arc shortly to be 
privatized. A -new danse is in- 
tended to stop the suspect busi- 
ness of licensees sub-fctting their 
privilege to others. 

Next week this small but signifi- 
cant bill gpes iota committee in 
the House of Gonunom. There is 
much work to' be dk»e. For 
cxampte. it does not do enough to 
restrict the drift-oer fishery that 
operates off the Northumberland 
and Yorkshire coasts, faking an 
?nn»ai haul of salmon equivalent 
to the total catch in Scotland by 
rod and lint Tins is iconic because 
about 95 per cent of tiie fish caught 
in the Nonb-Easr are on ihdr way 
back to spawn in the rivers of 
Scotiaad’s east coast where they 
originated. There ts ap added 
poignancy in chat drift-net fishing 
was banned in Scotland more than 
20 years ago- ... 

The government fas not yet 
formulated a comprehensive fm- 
fcy on the conservation of sxknon £ 
stocks, h has committed itself to a 
review of. stocks within three 
years, bet dusts tocoveroaly the 
North umbrian and Yorkshire Wa- 
ter Authority areas and the east of 
Scotland rivers. Tbe Survey will 
not apply to ibe rest of the United 
Kingdom. Overfishing will con- 
tinue unabated. Symbolically, tbe 
word “conservation;'* does not 
appear anywhere in the bill as it 
now stands. 

The UK, through the EEC, 
supports a body called Nasoo* the 
North Adamic Salmon Conserva- 
tion Organization, which next 
meets in June. Its members, will 
hope to increase their' individual 
quotas- What does Britain toy ? 
We shall be held up to the rest as a $ 
nation which stiU enjoys a rich 
harvest of salmon but is doing 
little or nothing to conserve them 
at a time when total stocks are 
threatened and restrictions are 
being placed on small countries 
such as Greenland. 

The government insists that the 
Salmon BiU most cost little to 
unptemem and preferably should 
cost nothing. The result will be a 
perpetuation of management by 
neglect, 'especially in Scotland. No 
extra mosey is being provided io 
combat poaching, which in Some 
areas has become virtually a para- 
military activity. 

Salmon fishing is a recreation 
that attracts tourists. It generates 
jobs. Yet this valuable asset is 
being treated in a piecemeal 
fashion, and so damaged. The , 
Salmon Bill provides an opportu-* 
nity to put the management of this 
self-renewing national resource on 
asotihd basis. Thai is the task still 
facing Parhament: : • 

The author is- director , of the 
Salmon and. Trou t Association. 

Philip Howard 

Oops, there he 

goe s again 

Atex: Log on; Log on; Log on. 
Prolix: In the beginning was tiie 
Logon. And the Logon was with 
God. And the Logon was God. 
What are you chattering and 
flickering for at this unearthly 
hour, Atex, like a nest full of 
starling fledglings? NXSTY. 
NXSTY. NXSTY. Away and 
Abort yourself. 

Atex: Syntax Wrong. Unauth- 
orized Access. No Such Com- 
mand. What’s the. matter with 
you. Surly old Software? Got out 
of the computer the wrong side 
this morning, did you, with your 
floppy disc in a twist? How’s your 
keyboard, then? 

Prefix Thank you, VDU, the 
agony is abated. I must say, these 
journos are heavy-handed for high 
tech. My man is tbe fastest one- 
finger typist in the trade; and he 
pecks at me like a starving 
woodpecker.- He keeps jon boast- 
ing, in that erode human way, that 
he has cracked the computer. This 
claim is true only in the literal 
denotation. He has indeed had to 
have my keyboard replaced twice, 
because he has cracked it 
Atex: How are you getting on with 
training the fool? . 

Prefix: In my brief experience of 
if, human intelligence is limited, 
and unsuited for the sunrise world 
of high tech. It took my mas a 
week to twig that the Oops key, 
which he presses when he makes 
what he calls, m -facetiously old- 
fashioned prep school slang, abish 
(an occurrence of tedious fre- 
quency, like every other time he 
hits the key) is, when you depress 
the Soper Shift, also the key. for 
sending copy to the printer. So he 
would get towards the- end of 
punching out a long review by one 
of his critics, commit one of his 
technological - solecisms, and 
Oops, his screen would go blank, 
and his "review had. vanished 1 
beyond his ken. So be would suck 
his thumb fora bit, weep, and start 
punching out the piece all over 
again. He worked out the mystery 
of the disappearing copy only 
when the Head Printer came to 
him with a bundle of half-finished 
ys, and asked what in the 
real Computer in the Sky was 
going on 

Atex: Ho, ho, ho. Upvee and 
Angstrom. Whar larks, Prdfix. 
Prefix: Talking of accents, the 
poor fool has just discovered how . 
to print them. It took him a day to 
work out that they appear on the 
screen, before, not above, the 
character- they, are going to deco- 
rate. He expended, hterauy, blood, 
sweat, and tears, trying io force his 
first acute accent tosit on top of its. 
E: an impossibility in our logical 
world. Now he is childishly proud 

of his infantile new knowledge, 
and creates opportunities to use 
accents He altered the copy of one 
of his down-toearth reviewers to 
include tbe pseud Lit Crit word 
apercus, merely for the pleasure of 
trying out his Cedilla. 

Atex: You Split my Screen. Go to 

Prolix: There was the great indent- 
ing caper. My man needs to indent 
parts ofhis pieces, mainly ex- 
tended quotations from books. 


But because his does not know his :• 
picas from his points, nevetflp' 
having been trained even as a - 
steam-age sub-editor, he gave the 
wrong command. His word is my 
command; : so I : converted his 
1,200-word lead review into a thin 
column only two characters wide. 

-ft streaked up his screen for 8 
quarter of an hour, like the 
Mouse’s Tale in Alice, but straight 
not curly .' •• 

' li - 
ke • 

. th 

He started, to laugh hysterically 
But every time-lie laughed, hi 
back-ache caught him, and h^ 
shrieked. Eventually, ' when hi - ‘ 
long tale had almost ran to its end 
he panicked and' pressed Oop 
Super Shift and sent the whol 
grotesque streak of prose to th 
Head. Printer, causing that grea 
man to shake his head yet again a 
■ the feckless ways of jouraos. M; 
man muttered something often 
rive about computers being deve 
but having no intelligence. . 

.Atex: He’s' quite wrong about u 
having no intelligence- Humaj 

journos are merely the hod ~ 
carriers as we build the; Perfec 
City of high tech. I am studyini 
the self-indulgent rubbish the 
write. Give us a year or two, am 
we shall be able to do away witi 
them altogether, and' produc 
perfect; inhuman newspapers. 

\x , Ui J 


= a Ps t 

0 A .% 


)■* . f 

, .i i V •'« •' 

'■io-nir . 

\ i >«•*■*-**• 

IP^gjggon Street, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 


Fut.fiot your crust in princes: 
such is the ancient fessoa the 
creditors of the Inter nation al 
Tin CooncS (TTG) fed they 
have iainfully relearnt since 
tost October. In this tussle 
between governments and 
those who fend them money 
the tsmks have - for once - 
littfe to reproach themselves 
wjth-v Governments have 

much. . 

. Since October 24th, when 
the ITCs buffer stock manage r 
came to grief and tin trading 
cessed on the London Metal 
Exchange, the creditors* 
Group of Sateen, most of 
than ba nk s, have doggedly 
prodneed. plan after plan for 
meeting the ITCs debts and 
reopening an OTderiy tin mar- 

Naturally, they were moti- 
vated by self-interest. The 
Group of Sixteen had fern 
some £340 million to the ITC, 

S .the security of some 
tonnes of tin whose 
price would plummet if it were 
dumped on the market But 
the 22 governments who were 
party to the Internationa] Tin 
Agreement, members of the 
ITC who were reasonably 
assumed to stand behind its 
operations, did singularly lit- 

When the long-drawn out 
talks on tin collapsed at well 
past the eleventh hour this 
week, and many brokers faced 
bankruptcy, it was not for 
want of negotiating activity or 
flexibility on the part of the 
banks. Their leader, Mr Peter 
Graham of the Standard Char- 
tered Bank, deserves especial 
commendation. Govern- 
ments, both producers and 
consumers, negotiated too lit- 
tle and too late. 

From this general 
condemnation some — and 
notably the British govern- 
ment — can be excepted. The 
British had more reason than 
most to accept their 
responsibilities: the London 
Metal Exchange was in. their 
capital city, and feihire would 
leave a stain at ; just- ; the 
moment when^ihe.- Gty of 
London needed the cteimcst 
possible sheet. 

That stain is now spreading 
around the London Metal 
Exchange. It is, no doubt, 
unfair. Nothing that has come 
out of the tin story so far 
suggests fradulent operations 

, STRAW CARTELS 7 °° “ ft .i bre S? e in _ s °u* A «ca 

m the market. There were, 
P®haps, brokers who should 
have seen trouble coining 
sooner. The lack of a dealing 
mechanism left others in the 
dark for too long. But the main 
blame lies outsf<fe -Lo nd on: 
with those governments who 
simply decided that they are 
better off renouncing the ITCs 

The British Government, 
which early and publicly ac- 
cepted its share of responsibil- 
ity — and even more than its 
share — nearly scored a dip- 
lomatic success in dragging the 
other reluctant government 
members of the ITC to the 
point of agreement. Dip- 
lomatically, it is some consola- 
tion, that the final objector who 
brought down the edifice of 
agreement was a poor produc- 
•- mg country, Indonesia, rather 
than one of those rich Euro- 
pean governments which have 
proved so unhelpful over- the 
■ past months. Even so, the 
collapse of talks wifi have 
profound consequences for fu- 
ture attempts to make inter- 
national agreements credible. 

We have not heard the end 
of this struggle between gov- 
ernments and; their bankers 
Some attempts at rinmnyf . 
limitation were -being made, 
even yesterday. The legality — 
to say nothing of the probity — 
of the behaviour of members 
of the ITC should be tested in 
the international courts. 
Meanwhile a shadow is cast 
oyer the other existing and 
embryonic commodity agree- 
ments. Some schemes are now 
unlikely to be born; others will 
be viewed more sceptically by 
market operators, which in 
turn may render them ineffec-; 
live. . : . 

The damage done to theidea 
of commodity price-fixing is, 
of itself not to be regretted. 
Governments are all too ready 
to attempt to rig markets, 
sometimes -with the purest of 
motives, usually with 31 
consequences. Right now, 
however, the tide of c h a ng e is 
clearly moving the other way. 

- - The most spectactdar cartel, 
-the Middfe-EasNxzitzed: ofl 
producers’, has beenhnftble to 4 ' 
prevent prices dropping by 
half in a matter of months. 
Other - single-commodity 
agreements are proving unable 
to stand the strain of world- ■ 
wide decline in. iaw material 
prices. Europe’s massive sys- 

tem of price support for its 
. farmers is demonstrating the 
fetal flaw m ail such arrange- 
ments: the temptation not 
merely to stabilise prices but to 
sustain prices so fer above 
world levels that costs and 

- over-production mount to 
intolerable levels. 

Price-fixing has the grievous 
disadvantage that it disperses 
help too widely. It encourages 
the inefficient and subsidises 
the affluent, both of whom 
have to r be supported by 
consumers. ■ 

The embarrassing collapse 
of the tin talks should, how- 
ever, stimulate thought on new 
international mechanisms to 
deal with the perennial prob- 
lem of violent fluctuations in 
commodity prices.. Those 
producing countries which 
have demonstrated their reluc- 
tance to prop up the ITC wifi 
be equally willing to demand 

- help when the feUing price of 
one commodity or other 
erodes their export earnings. 

Where commodity produc- 
ers make up only a modest 
proportion of the population 
of a large, developed economy 
— Cornish tin-miners, Ameri- 
can farmers — it is reasonable 
to believe that it should be left 
to their own governments to 
decide what degree of income 
support is needed. The core of 
the problem consists of those 
low-income economies where 
export earnings depend largely 
or wholly on a single product. 

The industrial world cannot 
co mmi t itself to the more 
extravagant schemes for 
s tabilising the export earning s 
of poor countries. But tem- 
porary . loans, of the kind 
traditionally offered by the 
International Monetary Fund, 
for countries which suffer 
sudden, unifredicted fells in 
• export earnings . from 
commodities are a sensible 
response to the problem. 

Such loans to a few hard-hit 
economies are less costly than 
price-fixing, which levies a 
hidden tax on consumers to 
benefit all producers, rich or 
poor: At the moment, bow- 
‘ ever, a group of governments 
has just railed to patch together 
a beggarly agreement to meet 
its debts in the tin market It 
takes an act offeith to suppose 
that some of them, whether 
fenders or borrowers, can be 
counted on to live up to any 
form : of international 


It has been a bad week for 
mayors. On Sunday, Zafer al- 
Masri was killed by Palestin- 
ian radicals merely for holding 
that office. Later in the week 
Mayor Wilson Goode of 
Philadelphia was told by the 
independent commission ap- 
pointed to investigate die 
bombing of the Move group’s 
headquarters in the city that he 
was imcompetcnL And the 
most famous mayor in the 
world, Ed Koch of New York, 
continued to roll with the 
successive poncbes_ of the . 
corruption scandal involving 
dose colleagues in Brooklyn. 

F6r better or worse, these 
North. Americas mayors me 
lheir cities. In the United 
States the office of mayor has 
the virtue ‘©C identifying one 
person with the urban ami. It 
is not always flattering. The 
city, erf Chicago is stifl linked 
symbolically with the ward- 
level voting machine of Mayor 
Richard Datey. But Mayor 
Koch comes of a line of 
fam ous mayors from La Guar- . 
dia on, whose party affiliation 
has been less important than 
their representation of a great 
and problenwtrewn city. 

Mayor Lindsay was New 
York in the sixties, just as 
Willy Brandi was Berlin. The 
mayor of Pans will never 
compete because of the 
proximity to his office of the 
politicians and apparatus of 
die French State. And the 
mayor of London ? The digni- 
tary who rides through the 
City in a gilded coach hardly 
qualifies. For London as a 
whole there never was one, 

Value system 

From Dr P.T. Brown 

Sir Ob dear! Has it not crossed 
Roger Scruton’s 
mufc survival tot , 
ihauhere is a world of difference 
between the exjfen ao*y and the 

d£ &flKs there is any tagfcia his 
position, it seems to be tha i h e 
objects strongly ® 
ideas being used as a to* 5 ®* ® 
excusing criminal 
behaviour. Rot wouWrfJ 
hold true for the 

be offering as a ****** benerim*i 

though some say that fra a 
brief few years before the war 
Herbert Morrison made a go of 

What Britain hra, to excess; 
is a breed of local politicians 
who, left or right, put party 
before city. Once, Mr T. Dan 
Smith looked like Mr New- 
castle bm he cut comers. 
Nowadays, the politics of an 
area such as Lambeth are too 
polarized for Mr Ted Knight 
ever to make a convincing 
claim to represent the borough 
as a whole. Lambeth’s titular 
mayor is a mew party appoin- 

Mr David Blunkett of Shef- 
field is ah estimable politician, 
but is that first, and foremost 
Besides, he seems desperately 
keen to leave the Sheffield City 
chambers for - Parliament. 
Mayor Koch returned from 
Congress to run for the may- 
oralty of New York, ditto 
mayors of Washington DC 
and Chicago. 

. Britain is, as ministers and 
judges never cease reminding 
xis, a centralized society. Politi- 
cal aspiration is all upwards 
towards parliament and min- 
isterial office. That is because 
parliament has the power and 
takes the responsibility. Min- 
isters would never say to a 
municipality, as President 
Ford did on a famous occasion 
to New York, drop dead. 

It is also to do wiih the sheer 
number of councillors. With a 
chamber full of 60 or so ward 
representatives, public identi- 
fication with the municipal 
fountainhead becomes diffi- 
cult When, as in some coun- 
cils, thereis an ambitiouschief 
executive and an ambitious 

of value system? Both, being 
attempts to encapsulate the hu- 
man experience in language and 
metaphor, can lead to excesses m 
practice which prove lo be perver- 
sions of their essential trmhs when 

tested in the light ofteter maturity. 

Perhaps in discussions of this 
kind, as wefi as in the courts and in 
the 'psychological. ' social and 
criminological sciences, too, it 
wouMbe bripfiil if a clear disunor 
tioa were agreed between those 
bodies of. knowledge which at- 
tempt causal explanations of 
objective reality - the domain of 
the physical sciences; those bodies 

political leader the profile 
becomes even harder to fol- 
low. And above everything 
'there is party and partisanship. 
In the week of the Divisional 
Court’s adjudication of the 
rates appeals by the Lambeth 
and Liverpool councillors lo- 
cal politics in Britain wears a 
foce even more dour than 
usuaL It is a good time to look 
west, to the fer west 
^Cartoonist Gary Trudeau 
'has been reminding us in 
recent Doonesbiny strips that 
the Northern Cahfoniian town 
ofCannd is holding a remark- 
able mayoral race. Clint 
Eastwood is running for city 
halt It is not a stunt either. 
Eastwood has been settled in 
the Monterrey area for years, 
has even based films there. 

He owns a local inn. He is a 
property-owner of standing,, 
and one moreover with strong 
views on the key questions in 
Carmel politics, the pace of 
development and the physical 
shape of the town’s streets and 
storefronts. The contest has 
tittle or nothing to do with 
party politics. The mayor’s job 
excites even the film star 
because the mayor is in a 
position to represent and 
change a community that both 
Eastwood and his opponents 
evidently care a great deal 

That general quality of 
representativeness is missing 
in load politics in Britain and 
that is a pity. Not long ago 
reformers of local government 
were thinking of putting coun- 
cils under an elected city 
manag er like the American 
mayor. The idea has lost none 
of its attraction. 

of knowledge which attempt a 
systematic understanding of 
experience and behaviour — the 
domain of the descriptive sci- 
ences, including theology; and 
those systems of social thought 
involved in jurisprudence which 
require the assumption of individ- 
ual responsibility even if none 
exists, and -which may draw on the 
two areas of science already 
mentioned in order to try lo 
main tain their assumptions. 

I remain. Sir, yours faithfully, 


72 Part Avenue South, N8. 
February 26. 

From Mr Tim Rothbone. MP for 
Lewes (Conservative) 

Sir. Your illustrious correspon- 
dent, Woodrow Wyatt (March IX 
is right to indicate that there is a 
breeze of change in South Africa. 
That has been blowing gently for 
some years and there nave been 
some changes for the better. 

But the tragedy is that these 
tittle changes have been loo slow 
coming; and the big changes, often 
promised, are not forthcoming. To 
say that “the policy of apartheid is 
officially and actually dead” is to 
mislead y Our readers. 

Insulting laws of apartheid con- 
tinue, allowing continued denial 
of railway facilities, of restaurant 
and hotel facilities and ofbeaches. 
Reform of some of these has been 
promised and indeed it has begun, 
but it is unlikely to be alt 

More serious and much more 
divisive laws continue — Influx 
Control, the Land Act and the 
Urban Areas Act which regulate 
the hated pass laws. These are 
being revised, as Sir Woodrow 
points out; they should be 

Most tragic of all is the Group 
'Areas Act which forces the uproot- 
ing of hundrdeds of thousands of 
people from their homes, breaks 

Mental patients 

From Professor R. S. Blugiass 
Sir, Dr John Hamilton’s letter 
.(February 22) raises important 

The recent case (The Times Law 
Report, December 28, 1985) made 
it quite dear that compulsory 
treatment initiated in hospital 
cannot be continued in the 
community and detained psychi- 
atric patients who are on leave 
must be discharged when the 
detention period expires (six 

The continuation of treatment 
during leave requires the patient’s 
voluntary co-operation and an 
dement of moral pressure; 
deterioration of his ctinical con- 
dition may lead to recall. When 
this liability ceases alternative 
means are now required to 
encourage patients to continue 
•essential treatment, to prevent 
deterioration and repeated cycles 
of detention and discharge. 

1 suggest that either amendment 
of the Mental Health Act 1 983 (or 
possibly an inclusion in Mr Tom 

Ombudsman's role 

From Mr H.B. McKenzie John- 
ston ■ 

Sir, So we are to get our first new 
statutory ombudsman since 1975. 
And according to your report of 
March 1 (Family Money), the 
Government may actually be 
contemplating legislation making 
it impossible fora building society 
to refuse to remedy an injustice 
found by the new ombudsman. 

This is something lacking in afl 
our existing ombudsman legisla- 
tion, except for the sensible pro- 
vision in Northern Ireland where 
a complainant may seek a ruling 
from the county court if a relevant 
authority fails to redress the 

Because of Parfiament’s role the 
absence of statutory provision for 
remedies does not in practice 
weaken the effectiveness of the 
parliamentary ombudsman deal- 
ing with central government 
departments. But local authorities 
can, and do in six cases out of 
every hundred, refuse remedies 
with impunity. 

Now, therefore, seems a good 
time for the Government at last to 
give to those denied redress by 
local authorities the same chances 

Police on trial 

From Detective Superintendent 
Frank Rawlings 

Sir, 1 read with both astonishment 
and dismay, your brief article 
headed “Police ‘ lie in 30 per cent 
of trials’ "(March 4).It has always 
been my understanding that 
conclusions should be based on 
sound premiss, or to intrude into 
the hamster’s sphere of operation 
proved beyond reasonable 
doubt”. It appears that these 
criteria do not apply to the current 
trend of denipaling the police 

Mr David Wolchover appears 
to have based his precise conclu- 
sion on such imprecise measures 
as “believed", “average”, “straw 
poll", “experience”, “reasonable 

Weighty advice 

From Mr John Banfield 
Sir, Years ago my mother re- 
■ sponded to my boast of ignorance 
of the Stock Exchange by making 
me a gift of shares in “Imps". I 
received also from her a legacy of 
shar es in United Biscuits. For 
sentiment's sake I have retained 
both. . . 

Consequently, I am inundated 
with literature from those compa- 
nies and from Hanson Trust — h 

Decline in research 

From Professor J. Pamaby 
Sir, We are being subjected to a 
publicity campaign by the pure 
science establishment in academic 
institutions pressing for more - 
funds for basic science research. In 
my view we must resist this 
pressure until we have made some 
organisational changes, defined 
our priorities for allocation of 
scarce funds and communicated 
clear strategies, taking account of 
the following; 

1. We produce two specialised 
pure science graduates for every 
engineering graduate and many of 
our engineering graduates come 
from one of a diversity of narrow 
specialised engineering depart- 
ments modelled on the pure 
science tradition. Our Japanese 

up communities, creates racial 
ghettos and prevents blacks, col- 
oureds and Indians from buying 
property in the more attractive 
and much more convenient white 
inhabited areas. 

That symbol of apartheid is 
defended by President Botha as 
non-disOT minatory; yet talk of 
power sharing and social equal- 
ity is nonsense while the Act 
applies. And continuation of the 
Population Registration Act, 

classifying everybody by race at 
birth and therefore the corner- 
stone of apartheid, must make 
positive talks about the future 
very unlikely. 

There an? so many social 
' changes required before political 
reform can ever become possible. 
Perhaps President Botha is the 
only man capable of leading the 
country to that reform. 

If so, he needs to gather up his 
courage, which he certainly has. 
and get on with it. And we must 
continue to encourage him to do 
so, not talk him into a false sense 
that his pace and direction of 
change are cornea when they 
dearly are not. 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Commons. 

March 3. 

Clarke's Bill) to allow a consultant 
or tribunal to discharge a detained 
patient conditionally would be 
valuable. The conditions would 
include an agreement to continue 
treatment and a liability to be 
recalled would remain. This could 
be subject to tribunal review and 
be renewable at six-monthly inter- 

Such patients can only be 
persuaded to continue treatment 
in the community. A community 
order allowing treatment without 
consent would not be enforceable 
outside a hospital and the sanction 
of hospital detention would not 
always be appropriate. The notion 
of a community treatment order 
was debated at length prior to the 
Mental Health Act 1983 and was 
abandoned as unacceptable, (see 
the 1978 White Paper on the 1959 
Act). It would, surely, be equally 
impracticable now? 

Yours sincerely, 


Midland Centre for Forensic 

All Saints' Hospital, 


as those in dispute with building 
societies. Perhaps the independent 
council apparently envisaged for 
the building society arrangements 
could show’ the way. Simple 
amending legislation could con- 
vert the- existing representative 
bodies, which at present represent r 
only local authorities, into bodies 
representing consumers as well 
and with wholly independent 
chairmen, and give them power to 
make a legally enforceable settle- 
ment where a local authority fails 
to provide an acceptable remedy. 

So long as the fundamental 
principle is retained, that an 
ombudsman's finding of injustice 
on the (agreed) facts is not open to 
argument (except in the High 
Court on a point of lawX there is 
nothing wrong with the remedy for 
that injustice being determined (if 
necessary) by a separate body, 
provided that body too is genu- 
inely independent. What is wrong 
is the continuance of a system 
under which a local authority can 
with impunity refuse a remedy 
which the legislation obviously 
intended the arizen to have. 

Yours faithfully. 


6 Pembroke Gardens, W8. 

estimate” and “thought". The net 
result is nothing more than subjec- 
tive opinion. 

Unfortunately, a great many 
people will only remember the 
introductory headline and forget 
that the evidence does not clini- 
cally support the allegation. Such 
subjective assertions can only 
serve to exacerbate problems of 
morale within the service. 

I do not presume to speak for 
the police service but exercise my 
right as an individual to demand a 
degree of fairness. 

Yours faithfully, 


West Midlands Police, 

‘H’ Division Headquarters, 

Green Lane. 

Walsall, West Midlands. 

reaches 71b on the kitchen scales — 
and I assailed by full-page news- 
paper advertisements, all offering 
conflicting advice about my re- 
sponse to their respective takeover 

1 wonder what my mother 
would have made of the bitter 
wrangling: the unacceptable face 
of capitalism? 

Yours faithfully, 


27 Badgers Croft, 

Eccleshall Stafford. 

industrial competitor produces 
seven engineering graduates for 
each pure science graduate and 1 
produces fewer pure science 
graduates in total 

2. Engineering departments need, 
for good health, to have thriving 
programmes of the right kinds of 
engineering research and develop- 

3. The term “basic research" has 
little meaning in any engineering 
context, where R & D by defi- 
nition is directed in nature; 
application-oriented and largely 
integrates a range of specialisms. 
National strategies for pure sci- 
ence research and for engineering 
R & D have to be very different. 

Terms such as “basic-engineer- 
ing-support research”, “product 
development" and “manufac- 
turing systems engineering 

‘Obscenity’ and 
films on TV 

From the Director General of the 
Independent Broadcasting Author- 

Sir, No responsible broadcaster 
would fight in any ditch to defend 
the right of broadcasters to de- 
prave or corrupt young people 
(Winston Churchill, MP, Feb- 
ruary 27) but tire importance he 
attaches to Jubilee (and 
Sebastiane) is out of all proportion 
lo the motivation for his Obscene 
Publications Bill. 

Mr Churchill describes the most 
violent sequences in Jubilee which 
he believes to be “corrosively 
vicious trash" without any at- 
tempt to place the incidents in any 
context. That was also the method 
he chose to present extracts to his 
colleagues at Westminster. 

The view of those members of 
the public who actually saw 
Jubilee or Sebastiane when they 
were transmitted at J 1.15 pm does 
not indicate the degree of public 
concern which Mr Churchill 
claims. Just over one million 
people watched both films. The 
special research commissioned by 
Channel 4 and the IBA shows that 
few of those people liked those 
films. A fair number switched off 
but whether they disliked the films 
or switched than off the majority 
of viewers felt that they would not 
have wanted to prevent their 

Jubilee and Sebastiane were 
shown as part of a three-month 
series of contemporary films from 
Britain and abroad, selected by the 
film critic of The Times. From its 
beginning Channel 4 has tried lo 
present films, classic and modern, 
in planned series designed to 
appeal principally, though not 
exclusively, to people with a 
special interest in the cinema. 

Even i£ as some believe, it was a 
mistake to show these' films on 
television, irrespective of context, 
or lateness of the hour, this hardly 
warrants bringing the members of 
the EBA and the Governors of the 
BBC within the c riminal sanctions 
of the Obscene Publications Act. 
Surely the proper route, if Par- 
liament so wishes, is to propose 
amendments to the Broadcasting 
Act, to include relevant provisions 
of the 1959 Obscene Publications 

Yours faithfully, 


Director General v 
Independent Broadcasting 

70 Brampton Road, SW3. 

March 3. 

Sunday trading 

From Mr John A. Kelly 
Sir, A major, if secondary, activity 
of all churches on Sundays is 
collecting money from their con- 
gregations . The future Sunday 
traders could keep the day equally 
“tidy" by covenanting a percent- 
age of that day’s profit to estab- 
lished charities. God and 
mammon reconciled! 

Yours faithfully, 


Quince House, 

West Way. 



February 26. 

Green belt pressures 

From Mr Benjamin Tobin 
Sir, Peter Hordern suggests, in his 
letter of February 26. that the Rent 
Act be abolished for first-time lets. 
This would have a minimal effect 
upon the availability of premises 
for letting since the supply is very 
smafl and constantly decreasing, 
since most landlords prefer to sell 
rather than re-let 

There is. however, a simpler 
way of bringing many suitable 
premises into beneficial use. 
There are million of shops 
throughout the country with va- 
cant residential upper parts. Some 
may be used for unproductive 
storage, although the current trend 
is for shopkeepers to keep their 
stock to a minimum and keep as 
much as possible on display. 

Shopkeepers leave upper parts 
empty because they do not want to 
have problems with tenants or. 
more likely, because commercial 
leases invariably prevent such 
sub-letting. If a limited security of 
tenure was introduced for upper 
parts above tenanted shops, then 
these areas would be brought into 
beneficial use in a manner which 
would reduce overheads to Shop- 
keepers. improve rents for land- 
lords and, most important, reverse 
the decline in the rented property 
sector, providing much needed 

Yours faithfully. 

Stretlons,(Chanered Surveyors), 
460-462 Hoe Street, El 1. 

March 4. 

development" have to be used to 
define die R & D field. 

We should not allow the tra- 
ditional pure science culture, 
which aims at discovery as disr 
tinct from application, any longer 
to dominate our strategic planning 
of national expenditure, and its 
traditional centre-stage position 
must be replaced by engineering 
and applications R&D. 

Then, when we are rich again 
like our Japanese competitors, 
more money will be available for 
astronomy, atomic physics and 
other blue sky studies! 

Yours faithfully, 


65 Sithill Hall Road, 


West Midlands. 

February 28. 


MARCH 8 1847 

Marie Dolores Eliza Rosanna 
Gilbert (181 8 -61), adventuress and 
dancer, was known by her stage 
name. Lola Montez. She made her 
London debut at Her Majesty’s 
Theatre, proving a second-rate 
performer. Off the stage it was a 
different story: her beauty _ 
captivated men. among diem Liszt 
and Dumas and, in 1846, Louis I 
of Bavaria, whose kingdom she 
virtually ruled ( the DNB states 
"with wisdom and ability"). 
Eventually conservative and 
religious opposition were too 
strong for her and she was 
banished, the king abdicating in 
March, 1848. 


The Bavarian Ministers, on 
tendering their resignation, pre- 
sented the following remonstrance 
to His Majesty:. 

“Sire, - Circumstances arise in 
the course of their lives in which 
men invested with the inestimable 
confidence of their Sovereign, and 
commissioned by him with the 
superior direction of affairs, have 
only the sad choice of renouncing 
the accomplishment of the most 
sacred duties which they had 
sealed by their oaths, their attach- 
ment, their fidelity, and their 
gratitude, or, in order to satisfy 
their conscience, of fearlessly ex- 
posing themselves to the painful 
danger of incurring the disappro- 
bation of their well-beloved mon- 
arch. Such is the sad necessity in 
which the undersigned are placed 
by the Royal decision of which the 
object is to grant to the Signora 
Lola Montes naturalization in 
Bavaria. All are incapable of 
violating their oaths to your Majes- 
ty. and their resolution could not 
for a moment be uncertain. This 
question of naturalization has been 
candidly and strongly designated 
by the Councillor of State de 
Mamer. at a meeting of the 
Council held on the 8th insto as 
the greatest calamity which could 
ever have afflicted Bavaria. This 
conviction has been felt by the 
entire Council, and it is at the same 
time the expression of the opinion 
of all the faithful subjects of your 
Majesty, and it was not necessary 
that the Council of State should 
assemble to induce the undersigned 
to entertain the same opinion. The 
eyes of the entire country have 
been turned towards Munich since 
the month of October last. All the 
provinces in Bavaria are occupied 
with what is passing here, and the 
exclusive object of every conversa- 
tion. public or private, is of the 
most serious character as regards 
the expression of public Opinion- 

Respect for the Sovereign is every 
day diminishing, and we hear in 
every. direction an expression of 
the severest blame and the most 
energetic disapprobation. More- 
over. the national spirit is wound- 
ed. because Bavaria believes that it 
is governed by a foreigner, whose 
reputation is blasted in public 
opinion, and in presence of so 
many facts nothing can eradicate 
this idea. .Individuals like' the 
Bishop of Augsburgh, whose fideli- 
ty and attachment to Your Majesty 
cannot be questioned, every day 
shed bitter tears in consequence of 
what is passing before our eyes. 
The Ministers of Finance, and of 
the Interior, have been witnesses of 
his profound grief and of his strong 
regret. The Prince Bishop of 
Breslau bearing that a report had 
been circulated that he had palliat- 
ed the facts trow flagrant, hastened 
to write to his friends in Munich, 
to request them to contradict that 
assertion in the most formal 
manner, and to announce, on the 
contrary, that be disapproved en- 
tirely of all that had taken place. 
His letter is not a secret - H will 
soon be known throughout the 
country: and what may not be the 
result? The foreign journals relate 
every' day the most scandalous 
anecdotes, and contain the most 
degrading attacks against your 
Majesty. The fifth number of the 
Ulan Chronicle is a proof of this 
fact. In vain does the police 
endeavour to prevent the introduc- 
tion of these journals into Bavaria, 
where they are read with avidity. 
The impression which they leave 
on the minds of the population is . 
not doubtful, it is reviewed every- 
where, and it will soon become 
impossible to replace it — 

“The undersigned have respect- 
fully and minutely weighed all the 
circumstances of a proceeding to 
which they are solely prompted by 
their profound and sincere attach- 
ment to your Majesty, and their 
knowledge of the gravity cf circum- 
stances. They are intimately con- 
vinced that, if your Majesty does 
not deign to hearken to their 
supplications, they have no other 
course left but to resign the offices 
intrusted to them by the benevo- 
lence and confidence of their 
Sovereign, and they accordingly 
regard it as their duty respectfully 
to pray your Majesty to accept the 
seals of office which you confided 
to them. 

“D'ABEL, Minister of the Inte- 

“GUMPENBERG, Minister of 

“SENSHEfM, Minister of Jus- 

“SHRENKE, Minister of 
F inance." 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr Maurice Ross 
Sir. Estate agents in this pan of the 
world frequently refer to prop- 
erties as “deceptively spacious," 
presumably as a selling feature. 
When 1 say that I would prefer 
something deceptively cramped I 
usually receive a blank look. 
Yours faithfully. 


18 Fieldway. 



February 2$. 

s ± -i - •» 



March 7: The Prince of Wales, 
on behalfof The Queen, held an 
Investiture at Buckingham Pal- 
ace ibis morning. 

His Royal Highness, on be- 
half of Her Majesty, today 
conferred upon Mr John Higgs 
the honour of "Knighthood and 
invested him with the Insignia 
of a Knight Commander of the 
Royal Victorian Order. 

„ The Princess of Wales this 

- morning opened The Markfield 
2 Project's indoor centre at 
r Markfield Road, London NI5. 

"" Miss Anne Beckwith -Smith 
1 and Lieutenant-Commander 

Richard Aylard, RN. were in 
” attendance. 

Z The Queen will make a private 
‘visit to Kentucky. United 
Z States, from May 22 to 26. 

Princess Alexandra and the Hon 

Angus Ogilvv will vist Thailand. 
2, as guests of the King and Queen, 
from April 7 to 9. 

• Princess Alexandra. Honorary 
Commandant General of the 

^ Royal Hong Kong Police Force. 
« accompanied by ihe Hon Angus 

- Ogilvv. will visit Hong Kong 

• from April 9 to 14. 

The Duchess of Gloucester has 
v become Honorary Freeman of 
*- The Worshipful Company of 
Z Gold and Silver Wyre Drawers. 

Z Princess Anne. President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 

• Export Council, win attend 
» “Reflections", a pageant of Brit- 
« ish fashion, in aid of the Save 

I. ~ — ■ ■ - 



I Mr RJE- Atkins 
-and Miss PJUF. Yates 
‘The engagement is announced 
1 between Richard Edward, youn- 
" ger son of Mr and Mrs A.E. 

; Atkins. ofWembury, Plymouth, 

- and Penelope Helen Fiona, only 

• daughter of Mr and Mrs R-S. 

“ Yates, of Brewood. Stafford. 

. MrPJVUR. Buchanan 
and Miss ML. Foster 
The engagement is announced 
. between Peter, elder son of 

• Commander and Mrs M.E. 

! Buchanan, of Havant, Hamp- 
shire. and Mamie, daughter of 
Dr and Mrs PJ. Foster, of 

- Mr J.PS. Donnelly - 

and Miss Procter 

The engagement is announced 
between John Donnelly, 22nd 
.’ (Cheshire) Regiment, son of Mr 
and Mrs PJ.D. Donnelly, of 
. Lyme Park. Cheshire, and Jen- 

• infer Procter, Women's Royal 
; Array Corps, daughter of the 
. laie Wing Commander F.D. 

■ Procter, DFC. RAF, fretd) and 
! Mrs F.D. Procter, of Crockey 

Hill, York. 

Captain A-W. Fyfe 
i and Miss C.V. Popes™ 

■ The engagement is announced 
.'between Alistair Fyfe, Royal 

Tank Regiment, only son of 

• Major and Mrs J.W. Fyfe. of 
Winnersh. Berkshire, and Cbar- 

■ lone, eldest daughter of Mr and 
! Mrs J J.H. Popescu, of The Old 

• Parsonage, Mellis, Suffolk, 
i Mr P.E. Keen 

• and Miss GS. Laird 

’The engagement is announced 
between Patrick Edward, elder 
; son of the late Mr P J. Keen, 

! CMG, MBE. and stepson of Mrs 
; Keen, ofEmsworth, Hampshire. 

' and Caroline Susan, elder 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel - 
and Mrs J.RJB. Laird, of 
Sballleet. Isle of Wight. 

; Mr S.D.L. Perry 

■ and Miss GS. Rose 

'The engagement is announced 

• between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs G.H. Perry, of 
London. NW6, and Carotine, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs GA 
Rose, of London, NW7. 




the Children Fund, on March 16 I 
at the Savoy Theatre and after- 
wards at the Savoy HoteL i 
Princess Anne will open the | 
Business Travel '86 exhibition 
and conference at the Barbican 
Centre on March 17 and. in the ! 
evening, as Honorary Air Com- 
modore. RAF Lyneham. will 
attend a guest night at the i 
Officers' Mess. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the Royal Society of 
Arts, and the Prince and Prin- j 
cess of Wales will attend a ! 
dinner at the Royal Society of 
Arts on March 19. During the 
evening the Duke of Edinburgh 
will present the .Albert Medal lor 
1985 to the Prince of Wales. 
Prince Andrew, Patron of the 
Badminton Association of En- 
gland. will attend the finals of 
the 1986 All England 
Championships at Wembley 
Arena on March 16. 

The Princess ofWales. Patron of 
Help the Aged, will attend the 
launch of the charity's silver 

S “ e appeal at the Mayfair- 
on March 23. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the Institute Spores 
Sponsorship, will preside at 
meetings at Fishmongers' Hall 
on March 26. 

Princess Michael of Kent, as 
trustee, will attend a board 
meeting at the Victoria and 
Albert Museum on March 13. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of Counsel and Care for 
the Elderly, win attend a lun- 
cheon at the House of Lords cm 
March 17. 

The Duke of Gloucester win 
open the Manor Business Cen- 
tre. Corby, on March IS. 

Mr M J. Signers 
and Miss KLF. Moore 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs George Siggers, of 
Merstham. Surrey, and Kate, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Duncan 
Moore, of Abbots Bromley, 

Mr RJT. Wagborn 
and Miss EX Miller 
The engagement is announced 
between James, son of Mr and 
Mrs Mark Waghbra, of BrilL 
and Kate, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Roger Miller, of Tomes. 

Mr J.G. Watsrton 
and Miss J.G Weedon 
The engagement is announced 
between John Graham, son of 
Mr and Mrs J.B. Waterloo, of 
Little Gaddesden. Hertford- 
shire. and Julia Charlotte, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.M. 
Weedon. of Tetbury, 
Gloucestershire, and Hong 

Mr SJL Williams, RAF, 
and Dr S J. Fairweather 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs D.C, Williams, of 
Laleston, Mid-Glamorgan, and 
Susan, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J.A. Fairweather, of St 
Nicholas, South Glamorgan. 


Mr M. BOmes 
and Mbs E. Rawlence 
The marriage took place in 
London on Saturday, March I. 
1986, between Mir Maurice 
Bilmes and Miss Emily 
Rawlence, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A. Rawlence, of 9 The 
Warren. Carshalton Beeches. 

Dottore A. PagHsi 
and Miss SJ. Milne 
The marriage of Dottore Alsssio 
Puglisi, of Milazzo. Italy, and 
Miss Sara Milne, of Wimble- 
don. London, took place in 
Rome on Saturday, February 
22 . 

Dr G. Schlecker 
and Miss S. Foot 
The marriage took place quietly 
at St Be net’s Church, Cam- 
bridge, on February 8, between 
Dr G. Scbrecker, son of Mr and 
Mrs M.G. Schlecker, and Miss 
Sarah Foot, daughter of Mrs 
Elizabeth Foot and Professor 
M.R.D. Fool 

Edward Yamold 

Sister churches united not absorbed 

it i ,i 


There are nine dates in April. May and June 
when you can indulge yourself in this remarkable 
holiday package across the Atlantic. April to. 
May \ 11. 1 5. If .June 1. 6. H and 12 

In fact throughout the year there arc *>5 of 
these New York holidays to choose from. There 
are also 10 holidats which go on to Washington for 
2 nights from £172’. 

For full details contact Cunard. 30A Pall 
Mall. London SW'IY ’LS (Tel 01-491 19 }fl) or your 
travel agent. Pushing the boat Out may never cost 
you as little again. 

A rtKmhcr o! ihvlrolulgarHou'-c Croup 

Despite words of commendation 
from the Pope and the Archbishop of 
Canterbury in 1981 the Final Report of 
the Anglican-Roman Catholic Interna- 
tional Commission has been uo more 
than the ecumenical equivalent of a 
White Paper, the work of an officially 
established body, carrying no authority 
beyond that of its arguments. 

Each of the churches is at present 
considering to what extent it can 
endorse the report This procedure is 
due to be completed by about 1988, a 
crucial year in the history of relations 
between them. 

The attitudes of the ordinary mem- 
bers of the two churches to this process 
span a gamut from ignorance, through 
apathy, to either apprehension or hope. 
I doubt whether either church has yet 
fully grasped the need for a determined 
and organized effort to overcome the 
first two reactions. Ignorance needs to 
be dispelled by information, apathy by 
what has been described as the “ecume- 
nism of the heart". On this subject I 
have nothing to add to the most 
perceptive observations of The Times 
religious affairs correspondent last July 
22. What I want to write about is the 
hopes and the apprehensions. 

Many people in each of the churches 
are afraid of having to sacrifice their 
identify, the Anglicans of becoming 
absorbed into the larger church, the 
Roman Catholics of diluting their faith 
for the sake of the others. This need not 
be so. It is true some ecumenists wish 
uniting churches to cease to exist as 
distinct bodies so as to form only “one 
church in one place". This was the way 
the Church of South India and the 
United Reformed Church in England 
were formed. 

But others envisage a unity of “sister 
churches”, “united but not absorbed”, 
which, within the full “communion of 

life, worship and mission" of which 
Pope Paul VI and Archbishop Donald 
Coggan spoke in 1977, would retain 
their individuality. 

What is likely to happen in 1988? II 
would be a surprise - a most agreeable 
one in the mind of the present writer - if 
the two churches were to endorse every 
clause in the report. On die other hand it 
is unthinkable that there should be no 
aspect of the doctrines discussed in the 
report on which the churches wifi turn 
out to be agreed. 

Whatever amount of agreement 
emerges, no one will believe that (he 
Churches really want to be reunited 
unless the agreement is followed by 
action. In the words of the final report: 
“There are high expectations that 
significant initiatives will be boldly 

But it is unreasonable either to hope 
or to fear that the churches’ judgements 
on ARCIC in 19SS wifi be followed by 
one great leap forward into full unity. 
ARCJCs more - realistic target has 
always been “reunion by stages”. This 
implies that the churches should take as 
big a next step as is warranted by 
whatever agreement is reached in 1988. 
What then might the next stage be? 

One can easdy imagine two scenarios, " 
one more optimistic than the other. The 
optimistic scenario would include the 
mutual recognition of ministries!, so that 
the members of the two churches could 
be welcomed to communion at one 
.another’s services, at least in special 
circumstances, such as the wedding of a 
Roman Catholic and an Anglican. 

However, two complex problems 
stand in the way of this recognition of 
ministries: Leo XHTs Bull Apostolicae 
Curae of 1 896, which declared Anglican 
orders “absolutely null and utterly 
void”, and the fact that many of the 
clergy in some provinces ofthe Anglican 
Communion are women, whose. ordina- 

tion the Roman Catholic church regards 
as impossible. 

. Therefore it may be. necessary to 
devise for this next stage a less 
ambitious scenario. The second 
ARCIC, whose duty it is to plan the 
required steps, will m that case need to 
use all its ingenuity to work out a new 
relationship between the churches 
which involves a true growth in 
practical unity which all can recognize. 

One such step could be a new attitude 
to inter-church marriages, so that they 
would, on the Roman Catholic side, no 
longer require a dispensation, even for 
their celebration in an Anglican church, 
and the Roman Catholic partner would 
not be obliged to do what is posable to 
bring up the children in his or her own 

Again, if anyone were living in a place 
where there was no ready access to a 
church of their own tradition, they 
could be encouraged to become part of 
the congregation of the sister church in 
that place, even if it were not yet 
possible for them to receive commu- 
nion there. 

This next stage would leave many 
problems unsolved, including the ques- 
tion of what ARCIC called the universal 
primacy, which in the popular mind . 
means the pope. To quote the Final 
. Report again, “some difficulties will not 
be wholly resolved until a practical 
initiative has been taken and our two 
churches have lived together more 
visibly in one koinonia". ( Romania isr 
the Greek word which ARCIC decided 
best described the fellowhap it had in 

In other words, the marriage of the 
churches will only be possible after a 
■gradual courtship, during which they 
come progressively to understand and 
trust one another. 

Edward Yamold. SJ. is a Roman 
Catholic member of ARCJ C. 

Service dinners 


Lieutenant-General Sir Charles 
Huxiabie was the guest of 
honour at the annual dinner of.l 
Squadron, Honorable Artillery 
Company, held at Armoury 
House last nighL Major Michael 
Webster was in the chair. 

Royal Marines 

The Royal Marines Officers' 
Dinner Club held their annual 
dinner at Lincoln's Inn last 
nighL Major-General J.LH. 
Owen presided and the guests 
included Major-General T. 
Rudolphie, the Ven N.D. Jones, 
Mr Michael Wheeler, QC Cap- 
tain Malcolm Carver and Sur- 
geon Captain D. Qmrchi 11- 
Da vidson. 

The Duke of Lancaster’s 
Own Yeomanry 

Colonel Simon Towneley pre- 
sided at the annual red rose 
dinner of The Duke of. 
-Lancaster's Own Yeomanry 
held last night at Lancaster 
House, Chortey. The principal 
guests were Colonel EC York, 
Judge Presu, QC and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel J.R. S males. 

RAF Strike Command 

Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter. 

Harding, AOGnC and Lady - 


Kampo Harada, one of Japan’s leading calligraphers, 
demonstrating his art at the British Mnsenm yesterday. He 
will give pubbe demonstrations at 11 and 230 at the museum 
today, {PbotograpluSnresb Karxdia) 

Services tomorrow 

Fourth Sunday 
in Lent 

TODAY: Colonel Sir Henry 
Abel Smith, 86; Mr David 
Austick, 66: Sir John Badenoch, 
66; Mr Gyles Brandreth, 38; Sir 
Julian Bullard. 58; Mr Anthony 
Caro, 62; Sir James Comyn. 65; 
Mr Michael Croft, 64; Mr 
Michael Grade; 43; the Hon 
Douglas Hurd, MP, 56; Mr 
Michael InchbaJd, 66; Miss Ann 
Jenner, 42; Sir Geoffrey Meade, 
84: Miss Lynn Redgrave, 43; 
Miss Lynn Seymour, 47; Sir 
Christopher Summerhayes, 90; 
Mr Robert Tear, 47; Mr SS. 
Tomkinson, 70. 

TOMORROW: Mr F.W. Beney, 
QC 102; Mr Bill Beaumont, 34; 
Mr M.G. Brock, 66; M Andre 
Counties, 63; Lord Justice 
Cumming-Bmce, 74; Mr Bobby 
Fischer, 43; M^jor-General J.P. 
Groom, 57; Dr T.L. Johnston, 
59; General Sir Frank King, 67; 
Sir Norman Lindop, 65; Sir Ben 
Lockspeiser, 95; Sir 'Ronald 
Melville, 74; Sir Steuart Mitch- 
ell 84; Mr Peter QuenneU, 81; 
Professor K.E. Robinson, 72; 
Lord Thurtow, 74; Mr Rex 
Warner, 81. 

Memorial Service 

Dr CAP. Wood 
A service of thanksgiving for the 
life and work of Dr Constance 
Wood was held on March. 5 in , 
the Chapel of the Middlesex : 
Hospital The Chaplain of the 
Middlesex Hospital, the Rev 
EC. Leigh-Hunt, officiated- The j 
lessons were read by Dr K_E ! 
Hainan and the chaplain. The , 
address was given by Dr R. 
Morrison and Professor J. Mal- 
lard. Among those present were: 

Mte N Wood ubtaL Mrs M S 
RoMnsoa. Mr M SRatHaaoa. MM c , 


Cordwuneis’ Company 
The Lord Mayor, accompanied 
by the Sheriffs, was the guest of 
honour at the past wardens’ 
dinner of the Cordwainexs' 
Company held last night at the 
Law Society's Hall- The Master, 
Mr Michael Skinner, presided, 
assisted by the Wardens. Mr. 
Rodney Peal Mr Clive Wifi- i 
cocks. Mr Richard WiBiamsand , 
- Mr Mark Shaw. . ; 

Latest wills 

Mr Derek Richard Jewell, of 
East Molesey, Surrey, journalist, 
jazz writer, radio presenter, and 
publishing director of Times 
Newspapers Ltd, 1967-81, left 
estate valued at £233,970 net. 
Mrs Grace Elizabeth Bullard, of 
Norwich, Norfolk, left 
£3,202,937 net 

Mr Barty Thomson Aiknnm , of 
Fulham, west London, who 
founded Aquila Airways, the 
flying boat operators, in 1948, 
which pioneered passenger ser- 
vices to Maderia, the Canary 
Islands and Capri, and took part 
in the 1948 Berlin Airlift left 
£155,830 net 

Mr Evelyn Cecil Naylor Strong 
of Norwich, Norfolk, and for- 
merly of Birmingham, left 
£512,794 neL After bequests 
totally £9,000 be left half the 
residue equally between Dr 
Baroardo’s. National Children's 
Home and Salvation Army, for 
their work in the Birmin gham 
area, and the RNL1. 

Mr Glynn Williams, of 
Uandegla. Clwyd. left estate 
valued ai £773.127. 

Downside School 

The school is pleased to an- 
nounce that an additional Major 
Scholarship of up to £4,000 per 
annum in value will be offered 
at the examination on May 19. 

1 986. to Catholic boys under the 
age of fourteen. Apply to The 
Secretary, Downside School 
Stratton-on-the-Fosse. Bath, 
BA3 4RJ. 

Allhallo ws School 

As a result of the recent scholar- 
ship examinations the following 
awards have-been matte: 

Minor scholarships: A Higgins 
(The Downs School WraxaU), 

T. Teeman (Allball ows), R_ 
Horsey (AUhallaws). B. Morgan- 
Smith ( Allhallo ws)- 
Exhlbitions: M. Robinson (St 
Peter’s, Lympstone), L. Hill (St 
Peter's, Lympstone), R. Sparks 
(St John’s. Skhnouth), 

Music scholarship: A. R&iclifle 
(Exeter Cathedral School). 

Art exhibition: A. Griffith 
(Edinburgh House). 


Pugnacious Ryder Cup 

Harding attended a ladies guest 
night held at HQ RAF Strike 
Command. High Wycombe, last 
nighL Group Captain C.W. 
Bruce, president of the mess 
committee, was in the chair. . 

East Midlands Universities 
Air Squadron 

Lord Trefgarne. Minister of 
Stale for Defence Support, was 
the guest of honour at tile 
annual dinner of the East Mid- 
lands Universities Air Squadron 
held at RAF Newton last nighL 
Squadron Leader R.B.G. Milton 
presided and Air Vice- Marshal 
E.HL Macey. AOC and Com- 
mandant RAF College 
Cranwefi, was among others 
presen L 

Eric Brown" who died on 
March 6, aged <1, was an 
abrasive Scottish golfer whose 
outstanding achievement was 
his unbeaten singles record in 
the Ryder Cup matches 
against America. 

fh, the 1950s, when Europe- 
an golf was still in the shadow 
of the United States, Brown 
exuded a fine elegance, not 
always polished but almost 
of its .time in its- 
pognaciry and competitive 

Eric Chalmers Brown, who 
was born in Edinburgh in 
1 925, started woric as a railway 
fireman. At the age of 21 be 
came from nowhere to win the 
Scottish Amateur Champion* time, sometimes upsetting 
ship. The same year, 1946, be members in. the various dubs 
turned professional. His to which he became attached 
whole career seemed linked to bta never loosing bis pop*dari- 
conffict. for he at once came ty, specraBy with the Scots, m 
up against the Professional whose * country, with John 
Golfers' Assodations’s regular Panton, be - dominated the 
non that a professional must . game for 20 yeas, 
wait for five years before By 1969 he bad mellowed 
compet ing for money. enough for the authorities to 

This Jed him to look over- rate las aggressive qualities 
seas for bis living at first, and more important in a rap t iwii 
especially to tire Continent than bis shortcomings aa a 
where his successes included . djrftpnai-His<AIbcii^«ace ■ 
the Italian. Swiss and Ports- still 'showed, as' .wired he 
guese titles. ' instructed his men never to 

It was in tire matchplay showsuch weakness » to help 
element of the Ryder Cup that look for tire oppoaenf s b*B in 
his firey temperament was pul the roogh, but in foci the tide 
to best use. Although in his match proved to beilre beppi- 
four appearances in the 1950s est and smoothest occasiontor 
be never looked Gkdy to be in many years. ; . 

a successful foursome, yet he His penchant for rattchpfcty 

won all four of his 36 whole gave him two victories in the 
singles against distinguished Matchplay championship, 
names. • • - - and -he abo^ won a Dunfop 

This first occurred in 1953 Masters Title; indeed the only 
when he turned the tables on big prize that rinded him was 
the American captain, Lloyd the Open Cbamjnoastiips. - 
Mangrum at Wentworth; and , In this, h&besr wa&tbnd at 

the same quality was apparent St Andrews in 1957, Ins task 
in 1957 at Lmdrick when, made wearier by the ecstatic 
playing top against ah equally Scottish crowd that escorted 
firey customer. Tommy Ban him, and again the foQorwjng 
who was to win tire US Open . year at Royal Lythara. 
tire following year. Brown’s Here he came to the 72ad 
domination of him ^lerf to .the green heeding four to win; tire 
remarkable surge that gave drive was not good enouch 
Britain a quite unexpected .and the chance was gone. His 
victory. • putting was his most lethal 

. Brown continued his turbo- weapon; in his driving, which 
lent career sometimes saying was exceptionally long* he was 
the right thing at the wrong 'always fighting a book. 


Gcox^ Whitehead, an officer. Forest Yeo-Thomas 
Erosive but effective (“the White Rabbit”), moved 
ber of the wartime Spe- on into tire SOT, and asked 
Operations Executive, Whitehead to follow him. 
n Jersey on February 26. They both worked in tire 

- .... GanSst section and provided 

essential links between Gencr- 
wi, where a 1 de Gaulle amThis snppoit- 

S. ere in occupied France. 

ITS^SSS^S Wfo'ttheHwem by air into 
eastern Faux in the suauner 
ofl Woo one of the inter- 

idouted hrs Wdst* 

maiden name. canred a Military 

ring the Battle of Britain Cross for almost wreckless 
s adjutant of 308 squad- self-exposure to danger, while 
RAF, at Northolt its unarmed, lb secure the safety 
i fighter pilots played a of his companions, 
g part in the victory, at He was otherwise a notably 
cost self-effacing man, quiet and 

• squadron intelligence s te adfa st ro manner. 

Mr George Whitehead, an 
unobtrusive but effective 
member of the wartime Spe- 
cial Operations Executive, 
died in Jersey on February 26. 

He was brought up in 
PoIand,^ where his family were 
leading manufacturers of 
choadate. Whca he escaped to 
England with the Polish Air 
Force in thie winter of 1939/40 
he adopted his Welsh 
mothers maiden name. 

During the Battle of Britain Cross for almost wreckless 
he was adjutant of 308 squad- self-exposure to danger, while 
ron. RAF, at Noilholt; its unarmed, to secure the safety 
Polish fighter pilots played a of his companions, 
leading part in the victory, at He was otherwise a notably 

heavy cost self-effacing man, quiet and 

The squadron intelligence steadfast m manner, 


Professor Keith Whinnom, ty of the West Indies from 
ftofessor of Spanish at Exeter 1961-1967, when he was riect- 
Umversrty and mKbwwL' ed to tire chair of Spanish at 
edged leader of British hispa- Exeter University. He .served 
nism, died on March 6, aged as dean of the Faculty of Arts 
58 ^, . . VT • fro® 1 97 1-1973 and as deputy 

He was born into a North- vrce-chancdlorfiwn 1982 im- 
umberland m i n i n g family on til his 
August 17, 1927, and educated ... ^ , 

at King Edward VI Grammar . publications include the 

School, Morpelh. and Queen’s ; t S^Ir?f uine «¥* 

College, Oxford, where he of 

gained first ri^ss honours. • Pedro, the fate medieval 
In .1952 he went to the writer w ho became an abiding. 
University of Hong Kong for m Whmnom’s life; a 

his first lectureship. Finding “ f **§*“* °“ San 
the library devoid of Spanish s ^. a3a ^ works (1974); 
books, he faunched a new line monograph on 

of research, publishing mono- “* e , p Ve 
graphs on the Spanish of the an edition 

Philippines and the contact 'SLjf* Thebayda 

venaculars (pidgins) of that with the fate Douglas 
country. Trotter, his predecessor at 

Whinnom was a lecturer at 


era languages in the Universi- ThJfjfaZ ofDist^^ 


The Rev Lewis Valentine, a 
founding member and first 
president of Plaid Cymru, the 
Welsh nationalist party, died 
on March 5 at the age of 92. 

Born in Lfanddulas, North 
Wales, Mr Valentine founded 
a patriotic society known as V 
Tair G, a forerunner of-Pfaid 
Cymru, while a student at 
University College, Bangor. 

He was appointed first pres- 
ident of the embryo .party in 
1925 and in 1929 .fought its 
first parliamentary ele c t ion. . 

The party declared it would 
boycott Parliament if it won 
the seat But the poor showing, : 
gaining jnst one percent of the 

vote in the Caernarvonshire 
election, convinced members 
that the abstention policy did 
riot work. - 

Valentine was sentenced to 
nine months’ imprisonment 
at tire Centra] Criminal Own ■ 
in 193 7 with two ochers for 
burnmg down an RAF bomb-: 
mg school in Lleyn. 

In 1947 he became a Baptist 
minister at Rhos, near Wrex- ' 
ham, and in 1962 was Scried ' 
president ofihe Welsh Baptist 
Union. He retired in 1970. _ 

. .He leaves a widow, ' io " 
.whom he was ' married for - 
more than 60 years, and two 
chadren. ! . v- ' 



Latest appointments include: 
Mr Harold Walker, to be 
ambassador to Ethiopia, in 
succession to Mr B.L. Barrier, 
who will take up a further 
Diplomatic Service appoint- 

Mrs Susan Corby, Mr John 
Inly, Mr James Galbraith, 
Miss Christine Hobeyd, to be 
members of the Employment 
Appeal Tribunal. 

Miss Sbeffa Cameron, QC, to be 
a member of Ure Council on 
Tribunals. ' 

The earth could be heading for 
a mhu ice age in the next 40 to 50 
years If the latest measBrameats 
of the Sun. showing a drop in the 
amoHnt of energy it is prodaciiig. 

represent the start o f a down- 
ward tread. 

An indication that the San is 
cooling comes from monitoring 
by scientist s of the radiation that 
is referred to as the solar 
constant, indicating that It was 
regarded as a stable factor. - 

Although the scientists are 

accustomed to a ffickariag hi 
brightness that coincides with 
the U year san spot cyde and the 
22 year magnetic cycle, the 
output of the solar fashm fur- 
nace is regarded as more or less 
constant Evidence of cooling 
has come over the past five years 
of a steady decrease of energy of 
0.02 per cent a year, which is not 

Science report ' - 

of the Sun heralds a mini ice age 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor '/..I 

attributable to snn spot activity. 

This may not seem m»rb very 
nmch. Bat when pbysScSsts 
translate this into the physics 
needed to explain what la 
happening to the fission reactor 
that drives the solar system, 
they arrive at profonad implica- 
tions for the future of the climate 
on earth. 

Bat while it appears to be 

dec l ining in brightness, the San 
has expanded by about 100 . 
kilometres ever the same period. 
It may be that scientists are 
witnessing a normal part of a- 
periodfe cycle that has not been 
seen before. It would neverthe- 
less still have a significant 
impact oo the weather. 

More accurate measurements 
of the solar radiation have been 
made over the past decade with 
the introduction of new in- 

struments for ase with sateffites. 
which have been prodndng de- 
tailed recordings since 1979. 
However, the itsae which star- 
tied a meeting ef the American 
Geophysical Union was that a 
hattiery of resales, from eateUitet, 
balloons and' ground-based 
equipment *)? research teams in 
the United States and Europe 
were pointing . to the same 

One set of measaraaeats «f 
brightness reported. by Richard 
Wfflson of the Je^ Propnhdon 
Laboratory, -• u»^ Fasadeaa. 
CaUfontia, showed a decrease of 
0.09 per cent between February 
1980 and 1985. A new device 
known as the Active Cavity 
Radiometer IrradSance Meter, 
ACR1M, Down on foe Solar 
Maximom Mission sateititepro- 
rided the fignres.' 

Reswrch by Clans FrehlRfe of 
“* Physical Meteorology ■ 
Oteonrmory, m Davos, am£ = 
tWs^downwarf treo£Taad 
toartadfcs .that tikrfigpres as»- 
weenrete to within pins or mbtos 
021024 par cent, 

Another satellite experiment 
fob srewp wwlcfog wftit Mm/ 
Hickey of the Eppley Lah- 
Newport. RhodeTriand 
a similar de c reas e as 4he ; 
®*pertm«ttt. Thar- 
ZEXEPt*?? 5 Wtthsretfihmt 
“®Nmhns 7 weather satriifto _ 

eqmpront fer. Ao 
S^dititon Budget, and 
’T®** started measmemotfs 
hare covered the period af 
** recorded data from affihe 
other sources 

Voi 23L. p 


*■ ;l 



) uXt& 

Mazing saddles: almost every race is a championship off some sort or anodker, cu lm hurting in the Gold Cap. ^People come to eqjoy themselves but they do it in a my serioas way. They drink seriously and they bet seriously.’ 

Sleepy Cheltenham 
goes wild next 
week as the racing 
world flocks in. 
Paul Haitgb reports 

the serious follower of jump raring 
Cheltenham, not Aintree, is the big 

Raring . people are besotted by 
champions and almost every race at 


Seventeen yrajyaJfer fjis death, the 
cult of ArkleiSthekeyJ© the strapgc ■ 
events which wflllake place in the 
shadow, or at teastiia the view, of 
Clceve Hill near Cheltenham next 

Arkie is a curiosity In sport — a 
competitor who was too good for the 
rules. Cheltenham was the scene of 
some of his most famous triumphs. 
His statue, a halfsize bronze by 
sculptress Doris Lundner, stares out 
imperiously towards the paddock 
and has become a sort of shrine.: - 

Every year at the time of the. 
Cheltenham Festival, as the three- 

sort or another (for handlers, four- 
year-olds, stayers, two-toilers and so 
; .onX The imeeting culminates on 
Thnrsday in the Gold Cup, which is 
Arkle’srace. He won it three times in 
a nw Wbre ipjjmy (elsewhere) cut 
' him off in his-prime, and itis in the 
Gold Cup tljat'a worthy successor 
will one day, the believers trust, be 
revealed. If Cheltenham fever is an 
epidemic, this writ of trust ‘is its 
source. ‘ 

day March _ . 

tributes appear around it A single 
flower in a vase is always there. little 
votive ribbons are tied to the kgs. 
Hand -primed pieces of poetry that 
would make McGonagafl gag adorn 
the plinth. 

Cheltenham is the place for people 
who love horses at least as much as 
they love people. While they would, 
in the words of Mohammed Ali, 
"wake up and apologise" if they even 
dreamt ofa superior, they come here 
just the same because they know that 
if there is a second coming this is 
where they are going to see it 

Forget the Grand National That is 
almost an afterthought to the jump- 
ing 'season and the race itself almost 
an irrelevance as it is rim over drop 
fences which aren’t found anywhere 1 
else. The'National may be a great test 
of courage and a source of fairly 
innocent pleasure to traditionalists 
and the people you’re not supposed 
to call housewives any more. But for 

Mary James 

‘I think it’s a much 
healthier crowd 
than at Ascot 9 

Bm Cheltenham has a very secular 
ode as wefl. “It's a professionals’ 
meeting”, according to racecourse 
manager Edward Gillespie. “People 
come to enjoy themselves bat they 
do it in a very serious way. They 
drink seriously and they bet serious- 
ly and a lot of serious business gets 

According to Bob Johnston of die 
Fosse Manor Hotel in Stow, it's like 
an old boys' reunion. “The same 
people come back over and over 
p g am. One bloke works in Saudi but 
he’s back here every year for 

Consider this when people tell yon 

that National Hunt racing is still a 
sport pure and simple and that the 
Flat is now just business. There is no 
real comparison between this first 
rile of a Gloucestershire spring and 
what goes on in Beraduvc in 

- "f think ifs a much healthier 
crowd than at Ascot”, says Mary 
James, who holds one of the innu- 
merable festival week house parties 
at her small stud and stables in Stow- 
on-the-W old . _ _ lv „.^ b ut 

youcan^re^atshe means. There is. 
nothing at the royal meeting to 
compare with the meet at Bourton 
on the Water, or the famous lun- . 
cheOD buffets of Mr and Mrs Boy 
PflidngtOT who trained obi Willie 
Wumpldns to win three times at 
festival meetings. Hie backbone of 
the crowd in the Cheltenham posh 
enclosure are country yeomen. At 
Ascot they’re city slickers. The guests 
at Mary James’s party are fed by Mrs 
Boulter, who comes in from 
Biedmgton for the week. The Ascot 
gang stay in “tine” and go to night 
dubs. Both groups are capable of 
being vary siHy in the middle of the 
night, but there is something whole- 
some about country air. 

The crowds wifi eat and drink 
prodigiously — both on and off the 
course. For this one week each year 
the normally rather dignified town of 
Cheltenham busts its stays. Bob 
Johnston believes that the average 
racing visitor is “an alcoholic 

“Ifs like harvest to me because 
they'll drink all night”, he says with a 
scat of rueful confederacy. “But 
some of them are madmen. They’D 
do anything. They got a set of leg 
irons one year and chained me up in 
the bar” 

ladies of uncertain occupation turn 
up and don’t even bother to leave 
their holds for the racing. (The joke 
says that there are still a few 
Irishmen able to persuade their 
wives rhri>a>Mm is "men 
only” and that the Queen Mother, 
alone of all her sex, has been granted 
a dispensation to attend.) 

‘Cheltenham is an Irish event as 
much as an English one. There are 
only two temporary banks on the 
course: the Albed Irish and the Bank 
oflreland. They do say that the Irish 
contingent has been weaker in the 
last few years, what with the punt in 
a state of frailty even against tbe 
pound and a relative dearth ofhorses 

Mullins knows some of “the 
gasmen” who’ll be ready to shout the 
roof off the stand if she jumps tbe 
last fence in front They include 
some of the priests who come over 
every year 

He knows men who in the past 
have set off on the .boat with 
thousands and by the time they’ve 
reached Liverpool had to phone 
home for a ticket after losing the lot 
at cards. He knows others who are so 
bitten with the gambling bug that 
after a hard day at the course they 
will stake a professional card or 
backgammon player to a few thou- 
sand, go out eating and drinking and 
find out how they've done when they 

What makes Cheltenham different 
from other meeting, though, is that 
whatever the pecuniary or other 
interest involved everyone at that 
racecourse win be a fen who would 

give, not everything maybe, but a lot 
to be able to say “I was there 

Bob Johnson 

It’s like an old boys’ 
reunion: one bloke conies 
from Saudi every year* 

for them to idolize. (The English 
have been snapping them up for 
fancy prices.) Tins year, they’ve got 
Dawn Run, the great mare who is 
aiming to become the first horse to 
mak e the transition from Champion 
Hurdler (two miles, low obstacles) to 
Gold Cup winner.. 

No accommodation is available 
within about IS miles of the town as 
not only the racing people but their 
predators dereend on the place. 
Card-sharps duster like flies on 
fertilizer, and a goodish number of 

Willie Muffins, the eldest son of 
the famous family from 
Goresbridge. Co. Kilkenny, who will 
be bringing Dawn Run over, re- 
minds us that she wont exactly be 
playing away. “Over here they say 
that Cheltenham is the biggest race 
meeting in Ireland.” 

when . . There is a psychological 
need for great horses, for invindble 
heroes and if another Arkie (blasphe- 
mous thought) does make him or 
herself known the cheering will be as 
loud from those whoVe drunk warm 
beer in the race trains and coaches as 
from those whoVe sipped cham- 
pagne before boarding the helicopter 
from country house to course. 

A thought occurs. Say one day tbe 
stand fell down and there was 
nothing left on this bleak and 
windswept plain except the statue. 
Say an anthropologist from some 
future dvilization came across it. 
What on earth would he make of it 
and hs cultural significance? 

Gore Vidal remarked recently that 
having lost religion some time ago 
the British have found nothing to put 
in its {Dace “except perhaps 
horseracing". He had a point 

There are no 
weak days in 

4 13 week- Among 
* 3 .Vw the highlights 
S 5gg 5 g 5df the first 
day’s racing, 
on Tuesday, are the Arkie 
Trophy, which will find the 
best. two-mile novice stee- 
plechaser, and the Champi- 
on Hurdle. 

Expensive headgear will 
be ingested if the fetter, the 
ultimate aim of every hur- 
dler, does not again fall to 
See You Then, the reigning 
champion and odds-on 

The feature race on 
Wednesday is die Queen 
Mother Champion Chase 
over two miles, a distance 
which is something like a 
sprint for steeplechasers. 
The main contenders are the 
Irish horses Bobsline and 
Buck House and die En- 
glish Kathie’s Lad. Two 
other “championship” races 
are the Sun Alliance Nov- 
ices Hurdle (2% miles) and 
the Sun Alliance Chase (3 
miles). Tbe latter is a 
novices' version of the Gold 
Cup and an Irish favourite. 

Thu rsday's Christies Fox 
Hunters Challenge Cup (3Vi 
miles) represents for some 

the essence of National 
Hunt racing, restricted as it 
is to amateur riders and 
horses which have hunted 
regnlarly this season. It is, 
however, overshadowed by 
the Gold Cup itself. 

-The Tote Gold Cup is die 
most important race oh the 
jumping scene and the win- 
ner is, in normal rirenm- 
stances, automatically 
acclaimed die champion 

Among well-known en- 
thusiasts in the audience 
will be the Queen Mother, 
Princess Anne, Sheiks Ali 
Aha Khamsin and Kais-el- 
Said (so far die only jump- 
racing Arabs), snooker 
players Steve Davis and 
Tony Men, and Sir Alast&ir 
Burnet, the media celebrity. 

The most desirable van- 
tage poults are the private 
boxes. There are 106 of 
them, costing up to £8,000 
each. Seventy are held by 
individuals and the rest by 
companies. The racecourse 
does not release the names 
of boxholders nor of those 
on the waiting list Accord- 
ing to Edward Gillespie, the 
list is at least 20 years long 
and “those at the end 
certainly won't live long 
enough to get one”. 


Paul Haigh is Chief Feature 
Writer for the Racing Post, the 
new daily racing newspaper to 
be launched on April 3. 

The bargain JSS 11 
bottles: how to 82? 
stock up on wine g2££* 
and beat the gST” 1 

Budget, p!7 iS 

20 Galleries 20 
16 Gardening 17 
16 Out and Abort 16 
16 Open 20 

16 Photography 20 





20 Review 19 

16 Rock & Jazz 20 

20 Shopping 17 

17 Travel 14 

20 TV & Radio 19 


9th MARCH 9.30am to 6.00pm 




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Fur-lined Raincoats RRP .£650-- £195 
Foxjackets RRP .£295- £99 

We st Africa puts fomiidabls obstacles in the 
path of the unseasoned traveller. Undeterred, 
Michael Watkins sets out to explore the 
magic and mystery of life in the bush as he 
continues his occasional series on far-flung places 

- & - 

H o sounded like a 
good place to be. 
I’d never been to 
Ho: nor had I been 
lo Kpandu. which looked 
quite close on the map — one 
would simply head north, 
towards Lake Volta. 

The trouble was that by the 
time 1 had crossed the border 
into Ghana. I decided I didn't 
want to be there anyway. In 
ihe space of about 100 yards, 
mv car boot had been searched 
eight times and I'd handed 
over a wheelbarrow load ot 
West African francs to oil the 
reluctant wheels of immigra- 

Dammit. I thought they 
can keep Ho. 1 relumed to 
Togo. Clinging to the coastal 
road through the capital ot 
Lome. I traversed the Repub- 
lic of Togo non-stop. This was 
not as adventurous and ex- 
hausting as it sounds: at that 
extremity. Togo is a mere 34 
miles wide. It was savannah 
the whole way. as dull a 
landscape as you could imag- 

The truth of the matter was 
that as an old Togolese hand, 
of 24 hours’ duration. I was 
bored and restless. The Hotel 
Sarakawa was fine and. thanks 
to French influence, the food 
was better than most of the 
stuff you eat in Africa. But 
swimming in the sea was 
banned because of the danger- 
ous currents and if there was 
anvihing more boring than 
Lome by day. it could only be 
Lome by night 
Usually there is something 
to catch my fancy, some 
architectural quirk, some 
monument to man’s cupidity, 
but Lome was a concrete 
hodge-podge devoid even of 
the ’venal to add a touch of 

Which brought me to the 
border of the Popular Repub- 
lic of Benin, the Marxist 


constituted an act of police 
harassment with only the 
thinnest disguise: “Unless you 
make it worthwhile, you will 
be detained indefinitely”. One 
shouldn't make too much of 
this, but I’d rather go into 
orbit than make that journey 
at night. 

Cotonou was a chip on the 
old revolutionary block: mus- 
cle-bound statues to the mar- 
ivrs, a sports stadium bigger 
than the Pentagon; Aeroflot 
billboards promoting bargain- 
break weekends in the 
Lubyanka; and incongruously, 
a Sheraton Hotel. 

The Sheraton bar that eve- 
ning had a men-only, press- 
corps atmosphere which 
entails a lot of sitting around, 
drinking, yarning, waiting for 
something to break. There was 
an eerie feeling that it just 
mtghL Dinner conversation 
focused on Nigeria's proximi- 
ty and how Lagos police 
corruption was catching on in 
Benin. Voices rasped with 
smoke and tedium. 

Working on water villagers take to die boats in the lagoon at Grave, where thousands live in homes on stilts. 

L eaving town next 
morning I drove be- 
neath banners: 
“Marxist-Leninism Is 
Our Guide”. Main thorough- 
fares were tarred and decorat- 
ed with more heroic statues; 
side streets were of shifting 
sand and deeply-rutted. It's ail 
show. I thought. The people 
looked rather tired and short 
of protein. 

At Gnave they looked spec- 
tacular. considering that 
20.000 of them live in the 
centre of a lagoon, families, 
bursting out of frail bamboo 
dwellings built on stilts. No 
mod cons, but masses of shy, 
sheepish smiles as I chugged 
by on the motorized canoe I'd 
hired for about one million 

Two girls bared their breasts 
at me, indicating with “click- 

A warm welcome: the 
friendly face of Benin 

Leninist stale abutting Togo's 
eastern frontier. Immigration 
control wasn't too bad — an 
hour and 40 minutes of theat- 
rical cross-examination which 
was an entertainment in itself. 
Fi was the 2 1 ': hours' drive to 
the capital Cotonou that was 
tedious and. in one instance, 
threatening. _ 

I went through nine road- 
blocks. the first of which 

click” gestures that 1 should 
photograph them, laughing 
crazily when I did. Odd this; 
mostly the Beninoise and 
Togolese turned away angrily 
from my camera. 

Back in Togo I became 
preoccupied with breasts and 
brassieres — but not in a 
furtive, unhealthy way, you 
should understand. The local 
women wore their brassieres 
in all manner of original ways: 
about their necks, around 
their waists, outside their T- 
shirts. One even carried hers 
upon her head. 

Re-billeting myself at the 
Sarakawa, I dedded I had 
short-changed Togo: there had 
to be something more. 1 had to 
keep the hired car as there was 
no other means of explora- 
tion. By this time. I'd gathered 
some morsels of folklore: the 

first, known as evala. con- 
cerned the initiation rites of 
Kabye (youngsters); the sec- 
ond, habie, was the sorcerers’ 
dance, the essence of which 
was tuning — it only happens 
every five years and it would 
be frustrating to miss h by a 
few minutes. 

Crossing Lake Togo,' 1 
paused at Togoville. the vil- 
lage that gave the country its 
name. There were mud huts, a 
market and seething human- 
ity. Mine was the only white 
face, remaining so for two 
days' driving into the bush, 
the car drawing a trail of red 
dust in its wake. 

From Togoville I plunged 
into a King Solomon’s Mine 
of a landscape towards the 
interion Vogan-Tsevie-Notse. 
There were a few women 
cooking over open fires, in- 

“-Ip -■ HVl' , 

^ “ 'ft * * . i- ’ -< 

Palms and halm on the shores of Lake Togo 

fonts, ratty-Iookiog dogs; oth- 
erwise the dirt compounds 
were deserted. Where had all 
the young men gone? 

The countryside remained 
brutal, dull savannah scrub. 
The sun never quite declared 
itself, never quite burned 
away the damp heaviness in 
the air. 

T hey say there are 45 
dialects — including 
Ewe and Kabye, pos- 
sibly even the rare 
tongues of Ogo and Wug — but 
French got me from one 
village to the next, from 
Akplowogboe to Mount Agon, 
which soared to a majestic 
summit almost as high as 
Clapharn Common. 

I don’t know if I would 
return voluntarily to Togo, 
but still, I did experience 
certain tugs of affection. There 
were very few Europeans left 
in Lome and they had the 
thin, etiolated look of shrubs 
deprived of sunlight. Sanders 
of the River, big-booted and 
with a mind like a microscope, 
had gone: other “protectors” 
had retired to small towns in 
Germany; the French had 
almost disappeared up their 
own Loire Valleys. 

Leaving Africa to the Afri- 
cans; as it was in the begin- 
ning- And whether they cry, 
havoc or whether they per- 
form miracles, qd their own 
heads be iL 



£ Ljic < 




} J BESfS 

1 /Latff 


lame - 




Kuoni offers 10-day 
hofidays m Togo at theHotel ■ 
Sarakawa (double room 
with a sea view, inducting 
continental breakf ast ana 
<ftiner) from £639-£680 per - 
person, a ccor ding to the 
season. This includes 
economy flights from 
London or Manchester, 
transfers, taxes and tips. . 
Kuoni Travel, Kuoni House. 
Doriong, Surrey (0306 . .. 
8850441/ it te imperative to Nro 
a car. % Toyota cost £240 
for seven days. Insurance was 
neither charged nor 

Benin visas may be 
obtained at thefr London 
consulate in Edgware or at 
the border for £2. 

The cfimatB is warm and 

humid mi year round. The rainy 

season I s front March to 

January constitute the dry 
season. Yeflow fever 
ioocufobon is obiigfitory. 

Britain’s maritime heritage. 
Steam railways^ ornithology, 
snooker, antiques and garden- 
ing arc among the special 
interests catered . for in 
Ladbroke Holds’ 1986 raini- 
breaks programme. The group 
is also operating motor holi- 
days with suggested itinerar- 
ies, including one which 
retraces Bonny Prince 
dartre's ifl-foied . journey 
from Carlisle . through the 
Highlands so CuHoden. 

•The Lera PWy Travel 
Agency chads is gHag 
^scouts on summer r 
holidays to Greece booked 
tftroegh its shops between ' 

wwrad March 29- Prices are 

to holiday duration 
the eustorans buy Lmm 
Poly's own insurance. 

Remote chance 

Long weekends in Albania, 
Europe's most inacressiblc 
country, are being operated 
from October by London- 
based Voyages Jules Verne. 
The four-bight tour will in- 
clude visits to the .Albanian 
capital Tirana, and the hilltop 
city of Kruja. Accommoda- 
tion will be in the country’s 
~bcst available” hotels and the 
tour price is £185. with a £40 
supplement for departure in 
October and April Informa- 
tion; 01-486-8080. 

Philip Ray 



WoiMmde to* cost tttfa. The 
Den-and « can mn ft. 
1 70.000 diems smee 1970. 
FROM £765 

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Stay in Switzerland at 
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Similar savings also 
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Los 4nq £320 Nairobi 
Svnm-v cost? Ban'* oh £ 
4urh £750 Toronto £2 

130 Jwwyn Street, 

Phone 01-339 7144 



Come on one of our afl Id- 
elusive Club hoMays to 
Motts, Turkey or LEVKAS. 
Prices from E250 for 7 
days, £405 tor 14 days. 


7 PWC» St, LONDON, W1 
01-631 3276 (24 hrs) 
Open Saturdays 10 till 3. 

COSILUITUU ON nights/ hob 

to Europe. USA a ms Oesil na- 
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£ 66-130 pw. 01-888 1493 

crcum, Mykonos. P»ras. 
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4 pensMon. Sunplv Cheaper. 
Simnly Super) Stmpty Simon 
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S l% 


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'TllC* -S&xiiy*? . ><;■ J5J.:-*?£3 

JtlW=-' .. aOV: ■*.'=>*' v -•:>■/'; :■■ .. .. .< ■ ; •. ««<■ —y*! 

The delights of Ligmia include so me 
spectacular pasta, as Frances BisseH 
discovered on a gastronomic holiday 

In 1929 an Ameri can maga- 
zine, the Macaroni Journal, 
ran a feature which started the 
rumour that Marco Polo had 
China. Eva Agnesi, the presi- 
dent of one' of Italy's largest 
pasta factories, showed me the 
article — and material that 
effectively refuted it — as we 
toured the Spaghetti Museum 
at Pomedassio, . a lew miles 
inland from Imperia on the 
Ligurian Riviera. Further ar- 
chival material was quickly 
produced to dispel forever, for 
me at least, this ludicrous 

Why, in 1244 a. Genoese 
doctor was telling a patient 
that he should give up “pasta 
lissa". Marco Polo wasn't 
bom until 1254. In 1279, 
while he Was still wandering in 
China, a merchant wrote in 
fais will that he was leaving a 
large quantity of dried 
“macceroni” to some- lucky 

The Museo degli Spaghetti 
is one of the many fascinating 
diversions of this part of 
north-west Italy, a comer of 
the country not much visited, 
by the English who, ki rushing 
to get to their beloved Tusca- 
ny, usually bypass this peace- 
ful bay with its small towns 
and fishing villages. 

Some of these places are 
grand and fashionable. like 
San Remo and Bordighera. 
Some are smafi, slightly shab- 
by, unfashionable, bustling 
and full of prairie going about 

their everyday business. These 
include the twin Towns of 
Oneglia and Porto Maiirizio, 
which make up the main., 
agglomeration on the Bay of 

I was based in Porto 
Maiirizio for a few days last 
June for the .Mediterranean 
Food Fair, and I liked its 
simplicity. . It is an area of 
small, often family-run, hotels 
with ibeir own spick and span 
beaches. TheCoraJJo; where I 
stayed, is a tight, .-(right, airy, 
comfortable and spotless hotel 
on a cliff overlooking the bay. 

Although most Of the beach 
area is private it is possible to 
gain access to the rocks for 
swimming and sunbathing — 
if you must. For above all 
Liguria is a place to eat your 
way .around. 

Olive oil, pasta, fish and 
wine are the mam products of 
the area, and seemed to form 
most.of the meals I ate. 

. Olive groves were to be seen 
in. the hinterland up winding, 
beautifo] valleys, with small 
towns perched on hilly prom- 
ontories. Torria is one such, a 
tiny village .almost" above the 
olive line. I remember it 
mainly, for the delicious meal 
eaten in an empty dining 
room in L’Uhva, a rustic 
restaurant . overlooking the 
misty valley. 

Outstanding dish of that 
meal was the ravioli con le 
ortiche , . home-made paaa 
fiDed with young nettle tops. 

Carrots to cross 
the Atlantic 


Discreet charm: San Remo in Liguria, a region often bypassed by English tourists in favour of Toscany 

the appetite for a magnificent 

Other specialities included 
rabbit, snails, wild mush- 
rooms, kid and pasta stuffed 
with 'truffles. 

A meander up another val- 
ley inland from Ventimiglia 
will .take you to the medieval 
town of Dolceacqua. Pictur- 
esquely situated next to the 
river Nervia with the Ponte 
Vecchio; an elegant humpback 
bridge joining the two parts of 
the town, Dolceacqua is worth 
a visit 


Direct flights are not 
available to Liguria. Ry to 
Genoa or Milan, then by 
train or car. British Caledonian 
fly to Genoa, Apex return 
from £130. Alitalia fly to Milan, 

Super Apexfrom £130 return. 

Hotel CoraUo offers double 
rooms with hath, for about £30 
anight - 

Wander the old streets of 
both the “borgo” and the 
“terra", where the castle built 
by the Doria family in the 
1 3th century was destroyed by 
earthquake in 1887, and end 
your morning with lunch ei- 
ther at the Hotel Ristorante 
‘ Gianni which is highly 
thought of by Luigi Veronelli 
of that guide, or La Vecchia, a 
slightly selfconscious country 
restaurant offering typical Li- 
gurian cooking in p'easant 

' :±i i 

jtf excitingeity in rise East, with its many ^ 
p cultures and races, duty-free shopping, 

2 - bazaars and beautiful gardens. And our. 

| Ey* Singapore ] 

* touts ^ f 

5 Aure that you grtonfy the highest quality ^^ys. g 

? For derails of a wide range L 5 

5 of one- g andoio-centte' I ^ 

holidays, and our ■; 

fiiDy escorted . LbJSJEL^b^ £ 
tburs,jusct^afookmaurforeway g 

• •; and Escorted Journeys brochures j* 
Phone 01-629 0999 for copies, or ,g 
visit any Thomas Cook or j£ 
Frames Travel branch, 5 

, ... ! 



. .f 

*» *&**** 

T 4ll 

To France In the comfort 
and oanvenlence of sched- 
uled Ak France fflshls to 

ptoretbe deflates of France 
atyourosm pace. Unttmited 
a* your needs. 

Or with your 
own Gar on the 
well help 

dsoover the real fiance. 

From the people who 
know France best 
Ask your navel agent 
for our brochure or 

158 New Bond Street, 
London WIY OAK 

surroundings of terraces and 
flower gardens. 

Local wine, the fruity and 
flowery Rossesse of 
Dolceacqua DOC. went per- 
fectly with the robust food, 
which kep 1 coming, plate after 
plate, taste after taste,, with no 
menu in sight. This time, 
pasta stuffed with borage was 
a real delight, and granofritto 
a gastronomic first for me; 
wheat grains which were 
soaked and then fried and 
cooked into a mash. 

House grappa, poured into 
emptied, but still hot coffee 
cups was a fragrant end to this 
and many other meals. The 
grappa came from a very large 
bottle stuffed with grapes, 
olive leaves, cherries and 
herbs which gave it its particu- 
lar flavour. 

The wines of the region, 
particularly Signor Lupis 
Vermentino and Pigato, both 
crisp whites, were seen at their 
finest with the marvellous fish 
dishes to be had in and around 

The highlight was a final 
dinner at the Lantema Blu. 
Tonino, the owner and maitre 
d'botel is, like many immi- 
grants to Liguria front Na- 
ples. And like Naples, the 
cooking is very much fish- 
based. Lucia his wife, cooked 
some spectacular pasta made 
with seaweed, which gave a 
delicate green colour and a 
superb, indefinable flavour to 
accompany the freshest scam- 
pi imaginable. 

Many small helpings of 
fishy antipasti preceded this, 
such as seppie. novellini and 
moscardini, which whetted 

01-568 6981 



Ry seufri to Bari; and sample the 

specialties of Apulia. 

Stflwashed beaches, urefMfflL 
beauty. The architecture defignte, 
the arts ate; Ihe atmosphere is 
'unique. And CttaBa shows you 
the very best of ApuOa, with direct 
gghts and concessionary return 
rail travel to Gatwick. Citafe 
stows you the best of Italy from 
top to toe. For your free colour 
brochiFB see your Travel Agent, 
phone 01 ^680 3100.(24 hrs) 

|| orwriteto: 

*Cltalia ! 

Departments ! 




jkrti Bart SpaCOBrt Tour 
O p a rt ur 1992 / I9P/1BW1M6 

(0306)885044 SEEYOWIRAVEL/U30ITOR Wi-dltTO 


scarlet scorpion fish, other- 
wise known as rascasse. sim- 
ply cooked in seawater, which 
was presented with much 

I had seen it earlier that 
afternoon, first coming off the 
fishing boats in the harbour at 
Oneglia and then again a few 
minutes later in the tiled 
auction room, when I saw 
Tonino walk off with it and a 
couple of large groupers. 

Ligurian olive oil is much 
praised and this is one of pie 
things I would bring back if I 
were to go again. Extra virgin 
oliveoil from Palanco, Isnarai 
or Carii are all ones to look 
for. And you will find it hard 
not to buy a basketful of 
vegetables in the market in 
Oneglia; bunches of basil, long 
pink brans, zucchini called 
trombone, and exotic salad 

If you go in June, you will 
see oleanders such as you have 
never seen before, growing in 
every available space; strong 
flamboyant multi-coloured 
trees. How different from the 
spindly plant trying to survive 
on ray waterlogged window- 

This western section of 
Liguria, the Riviera Ponente, 
is not for those who want the 
bright lights, the chic, elegant 
beach resorts, the glamorous 
hotels. But for those who want 
a quiet break and like poking 
around in odd corners away 
from the sea, this is as good a 
■place as any I’ve bran to 
recently. And .you won’t hear 

Traditionally transatlantic 
fares are rock bottom in 
winter when airlines need a 
carrot to entice passengers 
across the AUanticbui rise 
with the arrival of spring. It is 
like any other marketplace: if 
the airlines can get away with 
selling all their seats at pie 
higher rales, why offer dis- 

Budget travellers now pay- 
ing £99 for a one-way trip to 
New York with the no-frills 
airline People Express will 
have to fork out £133 by the 
end of March. And the present 
£299 Apex (Advance Purchase 
Excursion) fare to New York 
offered by such airways as 
British Airways, TWA or Pan 
Am will jump to £362 from 
April and to £424 from June 1 
to September 30. 

The good news is that 
further price rises are unlikely 
as long as the pound remains 
around the Si. 50 mark. And 
the trade is expecting a bump- 
er season for for north Ameri- 
can travel 

One destination tipped to 
bounce back into the budget 
limelight is Miami. Virgin 
Atlantic, Richard Branson's 
airline, starts regular flights 
from Gatwick on April 19 
with a £99 one-way fare for the 
first month. Virgin’s deal was 
matched by the“hometown" 
Eastern airline; and no doubt 
the big boys like BA and Pan 
Am will offer competitive 
responses. But after May 20, 
Virgin Atlantic's fare rises to 
£199 one way and £398 return 
- almost the same as the 
major airlines’ Apex rates. 

A new scheduled service to 
look out for is Highland 
Express. If it is approved by 
the Government it will charge 
£99 to New York for a three- 
week introductory period 
from June 1, rising to £1 69 for 
peak season one-way flights. 
Highland plans to fly from 
London's Stansled Airport* 

slopping at Birmingham and 
Glasgow (Prestwick) before 
heading west 

There are expected to be as 
many transatlantic flights this 
summer as last year. BA will 
continue to serve the greatest 
number of US gateways with 
the Americans offering an 
enormous selection of con- 
necting flights. Gateways sura 
as Atlanta, Dallas, _ Houston, 
Miami. Minneapolis and St 
Louis are more like junctions 
than destinations in their own 

This “hub and spoke con- 
cept - offering convenience, 
choice of destination and 
economy - will soon be 
available to travellers in the 
north of England. At the 
moment, if they want to go to 
areas outside the northeast of 
America, they have to leave 
from London. But from next 
May. American Airlines starts 
daily flights from Manchester 
to Chicago. 

From there, passengers can 
pick up about 60 connecting 
flights to cities such as 
Denver, Detroit, Dallas, 
Houston, Los Angeles and San 

This vastly improved range 
of scheduled flights has hit the 
charter flight business. How- 
ever there will still be a 
selection of flights available 
this summer to New York, 
Chicago, San Francisco, Los. 
Anaeles and Seattle. From 
May, look to pay around £200 
return to New York, £299 to 
Chicago and about £330 to the 
west coast 

The US flight specialists like 
American Airplan, Jetsave, 
Poundstretcher and Pan Am 
“Thriftway’’ offer “added 
value" deals. Pay the normal 
Apex fare and they offer free 
or subsidized rail travel to 
London, travel to and from 
the airport car rental and 
hotel accommodation . 

Alex McWhirter 

The author is Travel Editor of 
Business Traveller. 



English spoken 




The sunny side 
of the south 

s55fonreeS?loDe^4ia information Centre Eastbourne BN 21 4NW 
or phone (0323) 27474 day or night 


_ (Al the vdlatc ennancc! 

f f53. / K prmlc be»di in the aim 

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Dublin Poster 

For a rrw copy of in 
attractive piwer cfciifiht; 
fully illustrated by Andalie 
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beautiful .-rtv. write to - 
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with Service 

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* Afternoon •^'“'^^l^aisiness Class. 

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In GBtidw' dal 7TOSa 

Europe's heritage, 
off the beaten track 

With Heritage Travellers, the local 
knowledge and experience of a fellow 
fraveller adds an extra dimension to the 
enjoyment of all our European tours. 

Each of our small parties, numbering no 
more than 30, is led by someone who. In 
addition to looking after day-to-day detail, 
really knows the area in terms of its culture, 
people and history. Itineraries are planned 
with great care to ensure the most is made or 
every day including some of the lesser 
luiown yet equally rewarding places of 

. Additionally. Heritage Travellers offers 
arrangements to most of Europe's best music 

festivals. For full details of Heritage tours, 
and those offered to all comers of Europe by 
our sister company Seremissuna Travel 
please telephone (01) 730 984 L or write to us 
• at 21 Dorset Square, London NWi SPG. 







29 Apr/28 Oct 




10 May/18 Oct 



Crete fi Santorini 

23 Apr/ 5 Oct 



The Painted Oiurches 
of Romania 





D May/28 Sep 



Prague & Budapest 

20 May/7 Oct 



Villas & Gardens of 
Northern Italy 

27 May/ 3 Sep 



Medaeva! lawns 
of Tuscany 

27 Jun/24 Aug 10 


Switzerland -The 
Bernese Oberland 

19 June 








30 Apr/1 Ort 




VS’* . . . , eno.uucrtlATFDFSPm.AnONS 

Madeira 15 Europe stroplcai aloud ond 
lot mo itv yaxori the legendary Bad * 
Ho«eli< Madeira. 

V. hv noi enjoy Iha stand's. *-WTrv and gende 
summer dmMe and see Madeia and 

Reids hne gardens m hill Hoom Bui be 

warned, visa usMKeandamoy well 
became a hab*. 

Without leaving ihe hotel von can sad. 
windsurf, star dive, play renrus. have a 
sauna, swim m our healed sea water 
pools w von can »all» in the magnificent 
scenery ol tht enchanted bland. 

Wkh some 3S0 stall lor a maximum ol 
300 guests you wiB Mpenence a standard 
o! sewe matched by lew hotels. You 
will sleep between crisp linen sheets in 
comfortable air condmoned rooms, and 
depending on tour mood you can dne m 
traditional or informal ajirouiHings 
otfemg French, kalian. Madeiran and 
Portuguese cursme. 

Yes. perhaps you should make ihb 
kg«md a realty- now. 


0 Georges Hangjrtnei (General 
Manager I Retd s Hotel. P.Q Box -Ml. 
P9000 Funchal Code*. Madeira. 

Portugal Tel Funchal 23001 Tele* 

72 1 39 Reid s P or • HJi.L - The Leading 
Hotels o< the Work! - Tet 01 583 3050 Of 
•Your Travel Agent 

U you would like o ur brochure and further 
eiiormaiKTi please send the coupon w 


Reids Hotel 

PO Bo. 277. London 5W1V AC*. 



fine wines 


The most exquisite Renaissance and medieval chateaux 
in die world. Chartres cathedral, the ciownine glory ot Gothic 

architecture. Gems of medieval architecture like Bo urges. The 
Valdc Loire has them all. , P . 

Add to this a plethora of gastronomic delMits behmng 
these ancient hunting provinces with their great forests and 
vou ve got a holiday tnat combines history, culture and 

relaxation to perfection. , 

Stay in one of the many superb hotels in the area 
Rent a gite - one of the hundreds of charming *■ 
cottages and farmhouses available for self-catering 
holiday* - or go camping. 

Just clip the coupon and we will send 
vou detailed brochures. Direct from the Loire. 



return this roupun i o: 

I Cnmnc Ktooiul du TjuHmik do 
J v Rue Sjim-PKine Liiuina?C4l ORLE ANS Ccdci I. France 
| Flcasc wnd me ihe fuilowuig information: 

I G Chaieaux Brochure C Hour!-. 

■ □ Leisure HaJidav!: in the Cournr^ ■•ide 
| Name. 

Addnrw . 










rot 26 


1 1630 

06 00 

^ 408 





= 1682 



940 J) 




27 6 






9 1 
































































































Men of God: tbe Rev John Newton Oeft) and William Cowper (far right), their museum in Olney (top) and their hymn books 

Legacy of the mad and amazing 

The Cowper and Newton Museum |n 
the quiet little town of Olney in 
Buckinghamshire commemorates 
two of the most extraordinary and 
dramatic lives of the 1 8th century. 

With the poet William Cowper, the 
drama was internal. Outwardly he 
lived a dull and uneventful life, 
embedded in unvarying domestic 
routine. Inwardly, his life was punc- 
tuated by bouts of torment and 

Cowper was convinced that he was 
damned to eternal hellfire — a 
conviction so strong that it drove him 
to madness four times. He cowered 
and gibbered recognized nobody and 
tried to kill himself 

Newton was treated like 
a dog and nearly died 

It was after the second of these 
collapses that he came to Olney. to a 
wide, square house on the market 
place. He was in a state of religious 
exaltation — which was to be short- 
lived — and Olney’s attraction was 
that the evangelical preacher, the Rev 
John Newton, was curate there. 

Newton's life story reads like 
something out of Defoe. Prone to 

The home of religion, music and turmoil where . 
the unlikeliest of friends lived in a domestic idyll 

and determined to make himself Cowper’s religious euphoria faded 
marriageable, but was then mess- • ' and his certainty of damnation 

religious fanaticism in his youth, he 
swung to violent atheism and lived 
the riotous life of a sailor. He fell in 
love with 14-year-old Miss Catlett 

and determined to make himself 
marriageable, but was then press- • 
ganged imo die navy. 

He jumped ship and was Bogged 
and demoted He left his next ship at 
an island off the west coast of Africa 
and found work with a planter whose 
wife took a dislike to him. He was 
treated badly and nearly died of fever. 
When he recovered, he escaped to 
another island and adopted the local 

Eventually he set out for borne. He 
was reconvened to Christianity after 
surviving a shipwreck and became a 
slave-trader. He married Miss 
Catlett, taught himself Latin and 
discovered evangelicalism. Giving up 
slave-trading — not because he 
thought it wrong, but because it 
distracted him from spiritual 
thoughts — he was ordained and 
became a preacher. 

Cowper fell under Newton's spell 
and. at his urging, the poet wrote the 
lovely Olney Hymns (“God moves in; 
a mysterious way”. O for a closer 
walk with God”). Newton himself is 
famous for writing “Amazing Grace”, 
which draws many of today's visitors 
to Olney even though be never lived 

Cowper’s religious euphoria faded 
and his cer tain ty of damnation 
returned. The root of his troubles 
may have been his adored mother's 
death on the eve of his sixth birthday, 
or his “intimate deformity”, possibly 
a form of hermaphroditism. 

Yet, in nearly 20 years at “Orchard 
Side”, he lived mostly a normal and 
harpy life, thanks largely to a rigid 
and undemanding daily routine .. 

There were many other dose 
friends, too, for Cowper had an 
extraordinarily attractive personality. 
Life at “Orchard Side”, fin" all its 
tragic undercurrents, was something 
of a domestic kfylL It is this side that 
is celebrated at foe museum. 

All is unspoilt and suitably under- 
stated. The parlour where Cowper 
wrote in foe mornings and later drank 
tea and conversed, includes his 
writing table, a letter rack disguised as 
a row of bookspines and foe sofa 

The Cowper and Newton 

Museum.Orchard Side, Olney. Bucks 
(0234 71 1 516). Open Tues-Sat, Easter 
to Oct 31 . 1 0am-noon; 2-5pm; Nov 1 to 
Easter .2-4om. Sun. June-Sept, <L30- 

5pm. Ad 

30pl The house also contains 
a museum of bobbin lacs. 


HARWELL: Children who can 
persuade their mothers to 
take them to the zoo tom orrow 
may be able to give them a 
Mothers Day present as weO: 
the first 300 mothers to 
arrive win receive a free plant 
Marwefl Zoological Park, 
Cofden Common, Winchester, 
Hampshire (0962 74406). 
Tomorrow. I0am-6pm. Adult 
£230, chad £1.40. 

first exhibition of its land to be 
held in Britain, it covers 150 
years of American 
manufacture and 
craftsmanship. The 200 doRs 
on c&splay - afl from the 
Lawrence Scripps Wilkinson 
Collection — range from the 
antique and hand-made to 
modem mass-produced 

Bethnal Green Museum of 
ChBdhood, Cambridge Heath 
Road, London E2 (01-380 
2415). Wed until June 8, Mon- 
Thurs and Sat 1 0am-6pm, 

Sun 2.30pm-6pm. Free. 

WIND a SURF TO: Eighty 
exhibitors incfcxSng 
manufacturers of wind surf 
boards from the UK and 
abroad, sail and rig makers 

and hoCday companies. 
Alexandra Pavilion, London 
N22 (01-883 6477). Thura. Fri. 
10am-7pm, March 15-16, 
10am-6pm. Admission on first 
day for adults is £6. children 
£3. thereafter adults £3, 
children £1 30. 

permanent exhibition which 

Caribbean from pre-European 
times to the present 
Commonwealth Institute. 
Kensington High Street 
London W8 (01-603 4535). 
From today. Mon-Sat 10am- 
5.30 pm, Sun 2pm-5pm. Free. 

World champions Yuri 
Korolev. Elena Shushunova 
and Oksana OmaBanfchfe 
are among several Olympic 
medal holders showing 
their skills on floor, pommel 
horse, rings, vautt. paraBel 
bars, asymmetric rare, beam 
and high bar. A highlkpit wffl 
be wond champions Igor 
Brikman and Ludmtta 
Gromova in a spectacular 
performance of sports 
acrobatic tumbling. 

Wembley Arena. Wembley 
(01-902 1234). Today, 
tomorrow, from 2pm. 

Tickets £630, £5. £330. 


gfBRJm&rSouth Downs Way 

23 mies 
The eastern end of foe 
^ South Downs Way 
T (SDW) emulates its northern 
big brother by inc or poration a 
pracer-morement attack os its 

endpoint However, this pate 
of alternatives may be joined 
into a round trip of 23 miles, or 
a ample of tew-mSers. East- 
bourne, at the aid of SDW, 
has bus links with both 
Alfristoo and Exceat Bridge, 
the western ends of the two 
ten-mfle walks, and could act 
as base camp, and AHristou 
offers accoamwdatioB 

Link Route- 

F Jevingteni 

Friuon Forest 8 
Exceat Bridge f 

Pan One- 
Inland Route 

■ ■ ■ aai ■ 

ana a ■ aw 

boards from tho uk and Tnflv Fmshanc 

abroad, sail and rig makers JOfly rrosnattg 


Prizes of tbe New Collins Thesaurus win be given for foe first two 
c or rect solutions opened on Thursday. March 13,1986. Entries 
should be addressed to Tbe Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. 1 Pennington Street London. El. Tbe winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, March 15, 1986. 

1 In vogue (II) 

9 Referee (7) 

10 Recurring period (5) 

11 Scale fifth note (3) 

13 Gain (4) 

16 Milk solid (4) 

17 Again (6) ' 

18 Try (4) 

20 Transaction (4) 

21 Sad (6) 

22 Way out (4) 

23 Employer (4) 

25 Jewel (3) 

28 Bury (5) 

29 Caned (7) 

30 Ounce (4.7) 


2 Browni*-ydJow(3) 

3 Derm (4) 

4 Of us (4) 

5 Chief (4) SOLUTION TO NO 893 

6 Ixtigtby reprimand _ ACROSS; lDiliati S Devour 8 Cur 9 

Gateau 10 Invoke 11 Boat 12 Firedamp 14 

7B/adcet(ll? Gourde I7Mutaie 19 Hawthorn 22 

8 Futgars rave com- Care 24 Sierra 25 Apiece 26Tai 27 En- 
poser (II) able 28 Exempt 

12 Forward surge (o) 

14 Mesh(3) DOWN: 2 Imago 3 Cheater 4 Scuffle 5 

15 Rare(6i Drier 6 Vivid 7 Unkempt 13 Emu 15 Ovar- 

19 Afflicted (7) Dohl7 18 Tx6ie 20 

20 Society girl (3) lknb 210rale 23Recap 

24 Willow (S) 

25 Develop (4) The winners of Prize Concise No 888 arc: JM. 

26 Female bone (4) Woolf. Marsh Lana. St an more. Middlesex: and S. 

27 Circular band (4) E. Nichols, Lemdord Road, St Albans. Herts. 

You wfll find the first 
w a ymark at amp reference 
598892. Between Eastbourne 
and Jeviagtoa the way is dear 
and, after tbe initi a l dhnh, 
easy. After Jevmgton (tea- 
shop) take foe right fink with 
SDW at the entrance to 
lalfing ton Heath Nat io n a l 
Natne Reserve. The long 
Mas is passed mi foe way into 

To reach Exceat Bridge, 
follow foe road past (or from) 
foe Youth Hostel to the 

Seafood town sign, torn left 
down the path, and left again 
at foe other ead. 

The first mile and a half 
from the Bridge is a 
birdw atcher’s paradise, as foe 
Cndonere River slips down to 
meet foe sea. 

Between this charming sim- 
plicity and tawdry, spoilt Birl- 
mg Gap lies the Seven Sisters 


country park, an exhilarating 
cfifMralk. Beachy Head is jnst 
as impressive. Any of foe 
paths leading off right will 
lead you to foe southern end of 
the front at Eastbourne. 

The HMSO guide to foe 
Sooth Downs Wav (£495) h 
foe best inb re d ac tu m to these 

lain Liddell 

■|: T P* ln>' Vi 


t u»7' 1 1 

i? ; y iUmm 

QTTtiniiPs exnert knocked a formne fl ows tojaze 

2^, — ~ ~ • jowrUKOorakt 

mmm. isipfii 


which was the starting point for his 
most substantial work. The Task (“I ; 
sing the Sofa ...”). 1 - 

From the hall a little hatch opens 
through which be let in his three j 
hares to gambol in the evenings. They ' 
were one of the diversions by which 
Cowper staved off his madness. He ' 
was also devoted to his garden. The 
greenhouse in which be spent some of 
his happiest hours is no longer there 
but the little summerhouse in which 
be often sat remains. 

In the bouse, one can see a little 
phial of “aperient salts”, given to 
Cowper *by Sir John Betjeman. In 
Groper's bedroom there is an electri- 
cal devi ce thought to have had 

Cowper saw and heard 
the very flames of HeQ 

therapeutic properties and a display 
on the theme of his famous comic 
poem, “John Gilpin”. 

As you look down from here onto 
the quiet market square, it is hard to 
believe that through this symmetrical 
Georgian <ash on many nights Cow- 
per saw and heard foe very dames of 
Hell ready to devour him. Yet in the 
morning be would get up, pen a few 
perfect lines, potter in the garden, 
take tea, and feed foe hares. Tiny, 
Puss and Bess . . . 

Nigel Andrew 

The winners of Prize Concise No 3S8 are: JM. 
Woolf. Marsh Lane. Stan more. Midd lesex: and S. 
EL Nichols. Lemsford Road St .Albans, Hens. 

SOLUTION TO NO 888 (fast Saturdays Prize Concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Jumping Jack 9 Maudlin 16 Nudge II Elk 13 Ugly 16 
Anon 17 Enough 18 Wr 2® Peer 21 Oraric 22 Onus 23 Tad 25 
Peg 28 Rhino 29Airiock 30 Shortest day 

DOWN: 2 Usual 3 Pile 4 None 5 Junk 6Ckdence 7 Amoorwo- 

K * Leon Trotsky 12 Legacy 14 Yet 15 Coarse 19 Loutish 29 
24 Agora 25 Poor 26 Gaze 27Grit 


1 J I ! !TF4' r, 

r.Tff'fflte iii imi M v 1 1 

[ • ,V - 1 rra-'i 


"I dote on this walnut tauboy". 
said the owner. "Do tell me 
what you think ofiL" 

‘•For a start”, said the 
valuer.- “it’s not walnut, but 
laburnum. And tallboy is a 
term I never use mysei£ 
because it means different 
to different people. Td 


"And /. would call what 
you've Just said a -mere 
quibble . ' 

“It would be, but for two 
facts. First, laburnum used as 
it is here, in the form of oyster 
pieces, tends to make a thing 
of this land more vaJuaWe 
than it would be if it were 
veneered straightforwardly in 

", Really ? Then / take bade 
'quibble*. What's the second 

“The chest itself is WtUiam- 
and-Mary, about 1700, but the 
stand is a replacement probar 
bty made m foe 1930s. That 
substracts from foe value con- 
siderably more than the labur- 
num has added.” 

"What a jolly Jetttrw you are. 
So what s it worth?" 

“in auction, perhaps 
£1,500. If it were all original, 
at least three times as much.” 

“Bid how do you know the 
stand is a replacement ? It 
looks all right to me . " 

“it was meant to. ..The 
is correct, but whoever 
made it had to asast nature 
with art, touching up foe 
veneers with stain to natch 
those on the chesL which foow 
foe tendency to crack. That is 
to be expected on 17fo-ceniu- 
ry oyster pieces. On the stand 
they have had to be faked. The 
turned legs fed miserably to 
display any real patina. . 

“ Couldn’t the drawer have 
been revamped or whatever 
the trade term is for replacing 
worm-eaten drawer-sides?’ - 

“Re-lined, it could have. 



CORSETS: The ceremonial 
purse of red velvet 
embroidered with gold thread 
which held fhe Lord • 
Chancellor’s seaL the sed of 

of Queen Eizabeth i and the 
blue slk corset of a 19th- 
century heiress are among foe 
NghBgnts of the sale of fine 
costume and tBxtOes on Tues. 
There should be plenty of 
reasonably-priced items from 
foe wardrobe of foe 
Scottish copper heiress, 
Josephine Docker 
Drysdale, including her 
wedcSng dress, evening 
gowns and bonnets. 

Christie's South 
Kensington, 85 Old Brompton 
Road, London SW7 (01-581 
7611) Viewing Mon 9am-7pm 
and rues 9am-C30am. Sale 
Tubs 2pm. 

abum of watercolours which 
belonged to Queen Victoria 
is bemgsoid at Sotheby’s on 
Thurs. The most valuable is 
a view of Jersey by Thomas 
Sbotter Boys estimated at 
£8,D00-£1 2.000; foe lowest 
estimate is Q60-E200 on a 

bees, hut in this case I don't 
think that explains away foe 
other evidence. But if you’re 
not convinced, we’ll lake all 
the drawers out of foe ches t, 
lift it off foe stand and look for 
rig**-* of new timber in . foe 

"Which you know wfll find. 
Rather a waste of your valu- 
able time.” 

“Oh. I’m used to that h 
often takes for longer to prove 
to everyone's satisfaction that 
a piece is made up, than to 
demonstrate that . it's com- 
pletely genuine. As valuers 
usually work on a p e rc e n tage 
basis, the y spend half their 
tinre on a process calculated to 
reduce their fees 

"Poor things. The heart 
bleeds. But it didn't take you 
long to spot dutl there was 
something wrongwith this.” 

“If s a type (hafs automati- 
cally suspect because the tfasd 
is so vulnerable. The fcgs are 
often turned to a profile that 
makes them weak at the 
narrowest points and if in 
addition, they are anackcd by 
worm they become too frail to 
support foe chest when the 
drawess are fiifl, and eventual- 
ly have to be replaced.” 

"Why can’t they just replace 
the legs. and leave the rest of 
the stand intact?" 

“That’s nsoafiy what hap- 
pens, and it reafry does need 
an expert to detect iL In this 
instance, foe stead has been 

renewed in its entirety, proba- 
bly because foe two paroof 
foe piece became -separated at 
some time. Its by no meant 
imirgHii for a stand, when it. 

■ becomes- insecure, to be- put 
ftwav in an attic and forgotten, 
wfaitt .the chest continues to 
fimetioo, fiat os tbeHoor” 

"Which a exactly where 
you’ve left my hopes of getting' 
the price of a new cor for this 
one. f shall simply have to . 
continue doting an it But 
what; precisely, have oysters . 

. gorto do with it? Idy husband: 
swears by them, but t don't see 
thdm thong much for apiece cf • • • 
juntfiure.r s' 

“There w» a foshfon. intro- 
ctoced iota England fromHol- 
laad during foe zeign of 
Osetes Ll,for veneering fur- 
niture with oyster pieces — 
sfices of wood obtained by 

■ cutting across the grain of 
smaA branches to reveal the 
«wi H rings. Laburnum, wal- 
nut and ohve were the 
favourite woods for this treat- 
ment When tbe pieces were 
assembled, the effect is not 
unlike a good spread of 

"You mean they didn't use ■ 
real ones?” 

“No. Neither did they use 
real h erring bones for foe 
herring bone banding that, in 
foe early 18 th century, was 
sometimes used to frame tbe 
oyster pieces.” 

. Peter PhHp 

L' ' ..-:r r -~- 

unidentified English artist 
Sotheby's, 3445 New Bond 
Street. London W1 (D1-433 
8080). Viewing Tubs and 
Wed 9am-430pm. Sale Thurs 

ObatSah Sherratt bufrbaffiog 
group, dating from about 
1830, of a tethered bid tossing 
a terrier and attacking 
£2300) is inducted ina sale 
of En^sh and confinentad 
cerairtca on WOd. Atsoon 
the bovine theme, aWhlekton . 
cow creamer and cover of 
around 1750. modelled as a 
cow suckling a calf. 

Phfflps, Blenheim Street 
London W1 (01-629 800^. 

Thomas Shorter Boys, £ 
«een Vktom 

Viewing Mon and Tubs 
&30anv4.30pm and Wed 
8u30anH0am: fiaie Wed 

UQfTMG UP: LJghtoufos 
are a recent coming 
enthusiasm and there ere 
tots for sate next Sat. Most are 
pre-war. mdufing a 1902 
btffl> with two lEHaments (bright 
arxl dim), which is expected .. 
to make £80. . 

Onslow’s crf l23 Hureley. ' T. 
Wmchester (096275411) w» ; l 
htod thek aicdonat the 
Kew.Bridge Engines Museum, 



V ,«j. : 

Viewing Sat 930anR30pm. - '*• 

Sale Set 2prit. 

GeraWineNormaB w' 

King Blackwood rules the hand 

Ugly bidding can some- 
times produce pretty play. 
Rubber Bridge 
Love all • 

Dealer South. 


O AK4 
♦ AKB72 

V J98 
0 J1042 
♦ 065 

♦ W2 
V 1065* 
O 05 

♦ J9«3 

6 K964 
0 8763 






_ - 



. 3* 



NO- . 


. No 














Opening lead OJ 

South's choice of opening bid 
was the cause of a catlle run 
becoming a stampede. Rea- 
sonably, North placed South 
with five spades and. at least 
four hearts. Some heavy, 
handed use of Blackwood did 
the rest. 

With apparently only elev- 
en top tricks, declarer would 
obviously need some lode. 
One possible plan is to cash 
the OAK and then the 
AKQ, discarding dummy’s 

S diamond. Ruff a dra- 
in dummy and release 
foe 4AQ. Cash tbe top dubs, 
discarding a heart, return to 
hand with a dub ruffr cadi 
tbe 4K, and hope that both 

the diamonds and foe spades ; 
divide evenly. . - 
That ^ breathless ride on the 
merry-go-round has about a 
10 per cent chance. De- 
servedly it would not have 
worked on this occasion. 

There is a superior line 
with twice the expectancy. 
Establish the dummy. Wuj 
the diamond, cash foe-ace of 
dubs, and ruff a dub. Return 
to dummy with a trump, ruff 
a dub with the 4K, and then 
hope to draw the remaining 
trumps. Provided the spades 
are 3-3, yon succeed where 
the dubs axe 4-3, and retain 
good squeeze chances when 
the dubs do ziot break. . 
Rubber bridge. . . 

Easr-West game ' 

Dealer South. . 


O A 1064- 
C A3Z - 
♦ J953- 

ately he . would require a ’ 
correct guess and a-v- 
fevourable diamond break, -i.- 
dedarer soughtto enlist some 7 ^ 
hdp from tbe opposition. He -I 
took the ^A, ruffed « heart, k < 
and ctmtintted with a dub to 5? 
foe 49 mid East's 40. East ® 
switcfaed .totbe^7, wfaidz ran .J. 
to West’s 09 and' dummy's >"• 
OA. A heart was ruffed with 5 
foe nine of spades, and . a J 
second dub went to West's » 
♦10, which East overtook -+ 
with the ♦A to play another * 
diamond. JDedarer won in 
hand with the OK and got off 1 
jJlay with a third round of foe s ' 
suit, to which everybody S- 
fb flowed. That left this end-:*.. 

^ -■ • .--.-i 

070 5 


♦ Q85 
? 0972 
4 OJfl 

♦ KJ04 

7 KJ83 
4 754 


4 K1063 

No ..:4* Jto -;Jto 

NO - ■ - ■ 

Opening lead .^2 
.. One may critktze South’s; 
bidding, bid can only admire, 
his play. Recognizing that if; 
he tackled .trumps . ixxunedi- 

. West played a bedrt, which % 

dedarer nrnfed wifo the 
Now came foe . . carefully 
preserved 47 and a successfiil4 

finesse of dummy’s ♦Si A 'J 
dub was rufied with foe ♦J, ^* 
and dedarer made the last’ ?? 
two aides by sewing the Ace j: 
and King of q»des separate- ‘2 
ly. . 2* 

. ... A fine demonstration of J»- 
good canfreaeSng and- imusu^-^1. 
al technique. ’ .. >. . ;■* 

; Jmnsj ltiiBt: * 

£ Jr^, 'U-* ) jl\s£ j 







. 17 



By Beryl Downing 

Artists in 


The. Ideal Home Ex hibition opened 
this week, and like the first show 
in 1908, its theme is art in the home 

■•.. la 1908 Frederick- A. Rhead 
defined an Edwardian’s view 
of art in the home “To one 
, . class", he wrote, “it suggests 
restfulness, comfort, coher- 
ehce,. simplicity . . . u> anoth- 
er class it suggests macrame 
; work, poker work, painting on 
minors and satin cushions, or 

simitar distressful eruptions of 
- a perverted artistic sense.” 

"Rhead was writmgin the 
catalogue fin- the first Ideal 
Home Exhibition, which took 
Art in- the Home as its theme 
: .?. ■ and 1 boasted 375 ' “staB- 
■' ^holders* 1 of such impeccable 
' pedigree as - the Dowager 
; Countess .of Derby and the 
United Gentlewomen's 
Handicraft and Home Indus- 
tries. Since then the exhibition 
has not been without its 
“distressful eruptions"; this 
- , year, however, using the same 
theme for the first time since 
the original exhibition, the 
- . organizers have hit the artistic 
jackpot. A pavilion designed 
by the creators of Top Shop 
and Principles, decorated by 
Liberty and the Arts Council 
' and bung with the works of 58 
modem artists is the focal 
point- The starry namt-s on 
display include David Hock- 
", : \liiey, Henry Moore and Victor 

Not quite within your range 
... for the spare bedroom? There 
is plenty’ of choice by less 
renowned artists as well for 
• the Arts Council's aim has 
been to stimulate interest in a 
wide variety of palming and to 
‘ show that it need not be 

There are smalt oils and 
watercolours from £80, draw- 
' ings, etchings and lithographs 
from £40, a considerable num- 
ber of works in the middle 
range — £250 to £500 — and 
spectacular pieces between 
£5.000 and £9.000. 

Some works demand rather 
more space than is found m . 
- many ideal homes. The atmo- 
""k spheric landscape by Christo- 
pher Lebrun that greets you in 
the pavilion’s entrance would 

overpower the average living 
room, but it certainly makes 
an impact 

"We wanted the exhibition 
to be quite dramatic and the 
paintings to be strong enough 
to make a statement to people 
who are moving through the 
exhibition quite quickly", says 
Caroline Collier, who has 
organized the Arts Council 

"The fact that we have 
notional room settings instead 
of a gallery is also unusual, so 
obviously the colours have 
had to work, too. There is 
nothing wrong with choosing 
a painting as decor, although 
in ah ideal world, it might be 
nicer to redecorate a room to 
suit a painting. 

"Because art can be decora- 
tive it is not always seen as 
something with more to offer 

— feeling or thought, for 
instance. If you have a work 
which does nave that little bit 
more it is a way of making 
yourself different from every- 
body else. 

"We are showing a very 
small sample — noi a defim- 
tive choice bin simply a 
starting point Buying art 
should be a pleasure and we 
hope that as a result of our 
limited selection people will 
want to go to other exhib- 
itions.” ‘ 

She feels people are suspi- 
cious of contemporary art 
“The 1960s and 1970s, when 
art be cam e difficult to under- 
stand, have a lot to answer 
for". She has chosen works 
with an emphasis on the 
figurative rather than the_ ab- 
stract, images, that win be 
appreciated by the 850,000 
visitors who window shop at 
the exhibition each year. 

Window shopping is all they 
can do m the living Art 
pavilion, for none of the work 
is for sale on the spot — they 
are an borrowed from the 
artists, from dealers or come 
from the Arts Council's own 
collection. If you are interest- 
edin.a particular work or style 

. showin London and is - 
avaflabte at £248.40. It is 

- part of the coftecfion which 
Starck C8fls Ubk after a : 
science fiction book by PMlp 

His style is simple and . 
functional, but he tries to 
remove any preconceptions 
about the way- furniture should 
took. IfisVon Vogelsang 
chair, for instance, simply . 
relies for support on a 
curved tube (£9*90); Ws Tippy 

Jackson table (£248.40) has 

legs with thecurved ftw of a 
leaping animal. Ns Sarapis 
stool has an iron netting seat 
and a slender column or 
metal arching from beneath it 
to form the back (£7£L25). 

They wffl be on show at 
Mary Fox Linton, 248 Fulham 
Road, London SW3 (W- 
351 0273) untD March 22. 



Dramatic modern funtiture 
by a designee" whose devotees 

include President 
Mitterrand wffl be shown for 
the first time in London on 

Mary Fox Linton, the 
interior designer, is presenting 
a collection of tables and 
chairs by Philippe Stardc . 
Hailed in France as one of • 
the top designers of the 80s, 
t his commissions have 
. V included President 
Mitterrand's apartment in 
the Efysee Palace and the 
furniture tor the CafA 
. Costes 'm Las Halles. Paris, 
where his black tubular 
chairs have won public 
attention and acoaim. 

The Costes chair Is on 

I — 1 — - - 1 " Sw| 

wtMnwwFroN»fl**s-wiii> Wffi 

..ii ilium in iM 

ffigBEoara mc ■ 

M AgtttnKTJS® quU 

■b2c|><**>wo<& tooO. ■ 


| RgxyQ34228644(24hours) 


The Hebridean Isle of 
r » . Islay may not attract large 

[J JJ numbers of students of 

architecture nor seekers of 

sea air. . 

Yer rhere are things mere 

to interest them both. 

For at the Lagavulin 
malt whisky distillery there 
I 9 are the / traditional long 

buildings which have been spec&ally 
designed to allow die cask* of rakW 
stored «ithir. to be exposed to the damp sea 

atmosphere of Islay. 

Slowly, year upon yean tempered bydre 

moderating influences at the sea m 
develops Ac rich flavour that is the baas of 

Wilke Horse whisky* . . r 

The locals say this particular process rf 
maturation takes out the tire butleaves in the 

of their insight is in every glass of 

^Blended to let the malt shine through. 

Distinctive Scutch Whisky. 

Smart art: Caroline Collier in the Living Art display, with (left) painted wood sculpture by Sam Smith, wall 

l (light) ' w ■ *" ,T! ' " * — us 

sculpture by Neil Jeffries and (right) David Hockney's Views of Hotel Wed from his own collection 

electrical socket track allows 
several appliances to be ased 
simultaneously without using 
adaptors. The Electrak is 

there is a guide which lists 
addresses of the artists or 
dealers with a note of the 
prices you may expect to pay. 

The background to the art 
exhibition, supplied by Liber- 
ty, includes fabrics, wallpapers 
and borders and a range of 
Liberty Guild furniture in- 
spired by tire Arts, and Crafts 
movement with which the 
company has always bad 
strong links. 

Some of the pieces are exact 
reproductions of late 19th- 
century pieces in liberty’s 
collection, others are modem 
designs by Ron Carter strong- 
ly influenced by Arts and 
Crafts. All are available to 

The Ideal Home Exhibition is at 
Earl's Court, London SW5. 
Open daily, 10am-8pm 
inducting Sundays and bank 
holidays unt§ March 31. 
Adratestorc £3.50 adults (£280 
in advance), £2 children and 
pensioners (3.30 in advance). 


Gadgetmama sets in on the 
second floor of the exhibition 
— yon need to wear blinkers if 
you are to avoid temptation by 
some bright idea that yoe 
never knew, yon needed. Here 
is a selection of some of the 

• Easy touch: For those with 
arthritic fingers who find light 
switches difficult, a new range 
of lamps responds to the 
lightest tench. They work on a 
dimmer principle; the tight 
will intensify as long as yonr 
hand stays on fire white or 
brown ceramic base. The 
Touch Light with shade, is 
£49.95 (£250 p&p). By the 
game company is the wall- 
mounted Welcome Light for 
outdoor nse. In cream or white, 
it tights automatically as 
someone approaches. It also 
costs £4955 (£150 p&p). 
Stand 44L Both are available 


Lean lines: Philippe Starck’s Tippy Jackson table 

(£24&40). His work is on show in 

ppy jack! 
a London 

this week 

from Aetna (UK) limited. The 
Square, Petersfield, Hamp- 
shire (0730 66221). 

• Shine on: A new silver 
polish actually has the effect 
of replating while yon polish 
because, according to says its 
creator Lawrence Perovetz, it 
contains silver. I saw him 
apply it to a Victorian silver 
basket with all die copper 
showing through the plate and 
it was nreplatra” in seconds. It 
won’t get rid of corrosion, bat 
instead of removing plate, as 
polishing does over the years, 
it puts the silver coating back 
— and so H should at £955 for 
a 75ml bottle. The antique 
trade has been using it since 
last October and this is its first 
retail appearance. Stand 425. 
Silver Solution is also avail- 
able by post (75p p&p) from 
The Cutlery Shop, 14 Tooks 
Court, Cursitor Street, London 
EC4 (01-404 4557). 

• Keeping back: A five-in-one 


If you are searching for a 
14th-century oak coffer, a 
George III wine cooler, a 
cast-iron art nouveau umbrella 
stand, there is no longer 
any need to trek to several 
specialist dealers — you can 
now buy antiques by mail 

John Morris has had an 
antiques shop in Tetbury, 
Gloucestershire, since 1972. 
When customers asked him to 
look for specific antique 
pieces he started taking 
pictures of possible pieces 
and sending them to the 
clients, who could then 
decide whether to view. 

This service became so 
popular that it was extended to 
send whole collections of 

about 2ft long, has child-proof 
sockets and can be wired 
easily from an ordinary three- 
pin power point. Excellent for 
kithcen, workshop or garage. 
£24.95 for the track with two 
pings, extra plugs £L70 each 
on Stand 424. The track will 
be available hi the shops 
shortly, but can be obtained 
for an extra £1.25 p&p from 
Electrak, 45 High Street, 
Kiagstmt-opon-Thaines, Sur- 
rey (01-541 4545). 

•In tbedeanTheBrita water 
filter makes even London wa- 
ter taste sparklingfy fresh by 
removing chlorine and other 
nastiness. Excellent for all 
hard water areas. It is on 
Stand 401 at a special exhibi- 
tion price of £950 with three 
cartridges for £5 (Shop prices 
£10.45 and £2J0 per cartridge). 

pictures andthe obvious 
development was to mail 
the furniture as well as the 

Now Antiques by Mad 
Order has clients from 
Huddersfield to Hong Kong. 
The quality of the furniture on 
offer is " upper end of the 
middle", mainly 1750 to 
1820, with a title early 
Victorian. The present 
selection includes a George III 
walnut tallboy with original 
brass handtes and bone- 
escutcheons for £2,500. 
and a Sheraton book carrier 
circa 1790-1800 at £450. 

For a free copy of the 
curent issue, contact John 
Morris, Gastrel House, 33 
Long Street, Tetbury, 
Gloucestershire (0668 
52228). There is a subscription 
fee of £25 for 10 mailings. - 


Reds that beat the 
Budget blues 

Jane MacQnitty 
suggests how to 
save money with 
bin-end bargains 

Robbing tbe Chancellor of a 
few pence is a deeply satisfy- 
ing occupation, which is why I 
shall be queuing up to buy a 
last-minute, pre-budget bottle 
or two. 

No one knows quite what 
duty increases the Chancellor 
will impose on the 18th, but 
table wine is unlikely to suffer 
much more than an extra 6p 
per bottle. The Chancellor is 
bound by the EEC as he was 
Iasi year lo peg the ratio 
between wine and beer duty, 
at roughly three- to-one. As 
Mr Lawson will not want to 
upset beer drinkers or our 
beleagured brewers, the in- 
crease per pint is unlikely lo be 
more than 2p. 

Unfortunately for the trade 
the same rule does not apply 
to sparkling wine, fortified 
wine or spin is and tbe Chan- 
cellor may try to find the 
revenue he needs from these 
three tipples. The Govern- 
ment has a shortfall in the 
medium-strength area, due to 
a sneaky manoeuvre by the 
vermouth trade. Riccadonna 
led the way by reducing the 
strength of their vermouth 
from the medium- 
strength/ medium -duty band 
(over 15 per cent and under 1 8 
per cent alcohol) down to the 
lower strength/lower duty 
band of 1 5 per cent and under. 

Cinzano and Martini fol- 
lowed Riccadonna’s lead, giv- 
ing the Government less cash 
and consumers less alcohol. If 
you have been wondering why 
your aperitif vermouth seems 
ho more alcoholic than the 
prandial glass of wine, now 
you know. 

With a I Op increase on a 
bottle of spirits last year, and 
25p increases in both 1984 
arid 1983, spirits could well go 
up by another 25p this time. 
So if you are a regular high- 
strength tippler it is worth 
buying in now. Sparkling 
wines went up by lOp a bottle 
last year and the same in- 
crease, or more, could occur 
on Tuesday week- 

As I am not a great spirit 
drinker, and have already 
bought most of the fizz I need 
this year, my pre-budget pur- 
chases are likely to be more 
warming winter reds to see me 
through until the spring. It is 
worth remembering that, not 
only can you expect budget 
increases on the 18th, but the 
usual annual increases of the 
wine trade as welL Most 
merchants, to save printing 
two price lists, wait for the 
Budget before raising their 
prices in one giant step. 

The run-up to the budget 
presents a useful opportunity 
to dear out bin-end stock and 
H. Allen Smith are doing just 
that until March 17th. Rum- 
maging through the bin-end 
bottles in their four shops, is 
the best way of snapping up 
bargains, but tbe firm has also 
helpftilly printed a mail order, 

worth sending for (24-25 Scala 
Street, London Wl). (H Allen 
Smith other London shops are 
at 26 Old Church Street SW3, 
56 Lamb’s Conduit StreeL 
WO, and 29 Heath StreeL 

. I would be very happyto 
buy g bottle orlwo or their ‘78 
Chateau Bd Orme Tronquoy 
de Lalande for £4.85, instead 
of £5.85, or an excellent post 
prandial German wine - the 
’83 Forster Ungeheuer 
Scheurebe Auslese for 
£4.50,in$tead of £5. 

But the Tieffenbrunner 
Chardonnay looks less of a 
bargain at £2.95 when it is on 
sale at The Market for £2.99, 
as does the Jaboulet *83 Cotes 
de Rhone at £4.55. However a 
Napa valley Chardonnay. the 
’81 Cartlidge Brown, priced at 
£5 (down from £6.70). is 
definitely a bargain as is the 
*69 Coteaux du Layon from 
Domaine Touchais, for the 
same price (down from £5.95). 

Magnums of claret often 
represent some of the most 
magnificent wines that France 
can produce and Berry Bros & 
Rudd (3 Si James's 
St., London SW1) have most 
helpfully put together a 
special. reduced price, “Claret 
in Magnum" oner that doses 
on March 24. The 33 different 
clarets on offer are priced 
between £13.40 and £78 per 
magnum (although most are 


around £20) and these prices 
are considerably less than the 
current Berry’s list price. The 
minimum order is six mag- 
nums - but if you order 18, 
one of Berry's beautiful mag- 
num claret jug decanters will 
be induded free with' the 
order. Of the magnums on 
offer I would avoid Berry’s ill- 
favoured ’72s, plus the frac- 
tionally more exritiog ’73s 
and '74s. and go instead for 
the ’75s and '76s. 

Laytons are also running a 
last-minute pre-budget offer, 
details of which can be ob- 
tained from them at 20 Mid- 
land Road, London NW1. 
The offer is limited to cases- 
only of seven different wines, 
any of which look as if they 
would be budget beaters. My 
choices however would be the 
'81 Delas Crozes Hermitage 
(£51 per case, £4.25 a bottle) 
plus Deutz non- vintage cham- 
pagne at £1 1 8 a case or £9.83 a 


Sowing seeds of indoor colour 


An inexpensive way of pro- 
4ing indoor colour is to 
grow house plants from seed. 
Coleus — the flame nettle — is 
one of the easiest as one 
packet of seed will produce 
enough pot plants for yourself 
and your neighbours as well as 
for bedding oul 

Look at Scarlet Poncho and 
Milky Way from Suttons, 
which have attractive, highly 
coloured leaves. The flowers 
should be pinched out as soon 
as they are 'visible. 

Busy Lizzies — Impatiens — 
are good bedding plants and 
ideal house plants. Always use 
a good compost mixture such 
as Fisons Levington Compost 
and make sure the resulting 
plants are all of the same 
standard. The FI hybrids are 
the ones to go for. The seed 
may be more expensive but 

Hot favorite: Coleus 

the plant quality is superb. Try 
Novette Mixed and Future, 
which has big flowers. 

The exotic-looking gloxinias 
flower late in tbe year if the 
seed is sown now. Although 

noi tiie' easiest to grow, they 
can become good plants with 
care. The flowers are large and 
highly coloured and shaped 
like an open-ended trumpet 
The foliage, which is large and 
brittle, must be handled with 
care. They are tender plants 
and, ideally, the temperature 
should not drop below about 
55 f. Suttons Super Perfection 
Mixed are FIs and are strong 
and vigorous. 

Two of the nicest spring 
flowering plants are the prim- 
rose and polyanthus; they can 
be sown now to flower next 
spring. Try Polyanthus Lemon 
Punch, an FI and an ideal 
plant which can also be put 
into beds outside. A variety 
called Spring Promise FI has a 
wide range of colour and looks 
lovely in 4 or Sin pots. 

Ashley Stephenson 


7 planted the stone of an 
avocado inn pot 10 years ago 
and-it is now about 6ft tall. 
Cm I plant it in the garden? 

Tbe avocado pear (Persea 
ratxssbna) is generally found 
t the South America so you 
moot plant ft out in your 
garden. Avocados make good 
folbqge boase plants, tat prune 
tem in the early stages to 
j»ke them bushy. They will 
accept cold roonM if they are 
kepi on the dry side. 

A peach tree grown from a 
stone blooms well arch year 
but the embryo peaches 
j which follow dwp off- Could 
the p&m leaf 

\ curff 

Peach kafcmicouW affect the 
; health of tbe tree and tite way 
it will fruit, but I doubt that 
{this is tbe full answer, 1 
ispect the main reason the 
r jaches do not mature is that 
; the tree Is not bring fertilized. 

Peaches flower early in fee 
season and sometimes need 
H uman help as insects are not 
always plentifnL A rabbit’s 
foot or a paint brash dabbed, 
from flower to flower is a good 
aid. Protect fee tree from 
s tr on g cold winds when ft is in 

Afy bay tree was grown 
from a sucker off an 
established plant. Recently 
repotted, it is showing distress 
signals with the leaves 
turning yellow. 

The bay tree is resffient and 
does not usually show signs of 
distress. In a hard winter it 
needs protection from cold 

east or nortb winds and should 

be In weU-dntined soft. Repot- 
ting may have affected its 
growth bat I suspect it needs 
some feeding. A large plant in 
a relatively small pot should 
be. fed regularly. Top dress fee 
tree wife wed-rotted farmyard 
manure; place as much as 
possible into fee top of the 
container and allow to rot 

down over fee coming summer. 
Yon may also top dress in the 

Could you suggest some 
shrubs which vary in height 
between 2fi and 6ft to give 
colour, shape and form for as 
long as possible? 

All-year-round interest is giv- 
en by Leycesteria formosa : it 
may grow more than 6ft tall 
but priming will keep H within 
bounds. Herberts vemtadosa , 
with its arching branches, 
yellow flowers and blackish 
fruits, is a treat Choisya 
temata likes a little protection, 
hot its scented white (lowers 
and glossy green foliage are a 
worthy addition. Cotoneaster 
conspicua decorus is a tow 
plant but has attractive foliage 
ami red berries. E to e aguus 
pangens Maculate is, 1 think, 
fee best yellow variegated 
evergreen. Prunes 

laurocerasus Otto Luyken is 
compact wife erect stems and 
white flowers. 


T hese high quality fine-knit 
V-neck sweaters have the 
unmistakab le softness of pure wool 
and are stylishly designed to look 
good on both men and women. 
The V-neck is a classic practical 
style, and the easy-fit ragian 
shoulders and ribbed neck cuffs 
and hem make these sweaters both 
smart and very comfortable. Team 
them with casual clothing for 
everyday leisure wear or with 
tailored skirts and trousers for 
more formal occasions. Scottish- 
made from 100% Botany wool, 
they can be hand-washed or dry- 
deaned, returning to their silky 
softness every time. 

T o add an extra touch of distinc- 
tion, we have arranged for 
some of the sweaters to be 
embroidered cm the left breast, with 
The Times’, in the paper’s own 
typeface. Choose from the 
fouowmg:— Naw blue with white 
embroidery, Wine with gold 
embroidery and Light blue with 
navy. Sizes: — Small (34* 1 -36”) > 
Medium (38”-40”), Large (40*- 
42”), Extra Large (44”-46”). 

PRICES: £19,95 with logo 

£18.95 without logo. 
The Times Wool Sweater Offer, 
Bourne Road, Bedey, 

Kent DAS 1BL. 

Tel: Crayfoid 53316 for 

All prices are inclusive of post and 
packing. Please allow up to 21 days for 
delivery. If you are not satisfied we will 
refund your money without question. 




too need to compieie coupon/ 

(Crayford) 0322-58011 
24 hours a day - 7 da« a » «k 

Please send me — 

each with logo, and £18."95 each without logo. 


Navy With Logo 

[Navy Without Logo 

Wine With Logo 

Wme Without Logo 

[Light Bine With Logo 

[Ligfat Blue Withota Logq 




leocloee Cheque/ PO for£ made payaWe to Times 

Wool Sweater Offer. 

OrDt&rbyAccess/VisaNo ...................... 

Sgoauue - 

ExpoyOau- - — — 

Send ©Tones Sweater Offer, Bourne Road, Bexley. 


Mr/ Mis /Miss 


Coyfort 533 IS for axparioonly. Reg. 8W6J6 

























749 JO 




17 S 



J8 7 
































4 74 








































































BMiKV Barbican Centre. Silk St. EC2Y 80S 
nil 01 -63S 5391 / 628 6795 
Telephone Bookings: 10am'8p.Ti 7 days a week 

Barbican, WEDNESDAY 12 MARCH at T.4S 


-5 IVAN FISCHER conductor 

JflBfe l "WAGNER: Overture THe MdottxskigEz' 
mFjmi BAKTOX: Vhdm Concerto NoJS 
BRAHMS: Symphony No.1 
£SX,£<30,&.&J*'&X BaaOSmOl-MB SraSCCOHW 80U 

i Ma Smm 


.. . 

■ j *Y, * «-Q* J TTT If ; < -tt^M 




eoromce ors-35 7M? *m»:.wg i.'ST tj 


Principal Conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli 
Principal Guest Cond.: Esa-Pekka Salonen 

TOMORROW and Tuesday 11 March at 7 JO 


Franck Symphony in D minor 
Faurc: Requiem 


Trim; £330. £<L 5, £345, £6,®, £7.7S.£».£ia.£IL50 



Monday 17 March at 7 JO 


■ r , 

v-.rr—x : 'Vi:-: nis?i 


Swam (19711. PutaOre Sonata Op.1 19: 

UOpm IKMdaDaiaRSQnnaFaniaavtorcMoMio.RacImHhiaeSonMaln 
temnorOo >9L £450 £Xsa £250. E? Grapevine 

Thursday 20 March at 73 0 


Sibelius: PeHcas et M fl isapde 
Schoenberg: Veridarte Nacht 
Sibdius: Vtolin Concerto 


Tk*cw £3. £3.75, £4.75. £6, £7.25, £350, £9150. 0 1 
Anfebk Emu HaO 101-028 lim CC. (Dl -«ffl WOOl It «(S) 

Royal Philharmonic Society 

Patroa: Her MaieHT (be Queen A 

^SppRP^ Les Grands Maifrcs Franfais 

W t dn uday U March « 730 pm 

Sir John Barbirolli Concert 

London Philhar monic Orchestra 
Yan Pascal Tortelier Felix Schmidt 
tCoifo by Dnkae, DudDenz. DcbuMj> ft Ravel 


See RFH pad (or full denib 

BBC Symphony Orchestra 

FRIDAY 14 MARCH at 730 pm 

Music of Eight Decades 

(Fn-coocot odk: toriw Bbtwirale, Watotao Room 6.15pm) 


^ ZIMMERMANN: Dialogue 

lla UK PubSc Peduman ce) 

(BBCooramatamrid utappij 

P«rr EotvBs conductor 


Tonight S Match 7.45pm 


BEETHOVEN — Overture ‘Leonore No 3’ 

MOZART Piano Concerto No 2] in C. K467 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No S 

JOHN GEORGIAD1S conductor 

Tuesday 11 Match 7.45pm 


Programme includes 

BRAHMS Piano Concerto No 1 

MUSSORGSKY Pictures at an Exhibition 

EDUARDO MATA conductor JOHN L1LL piano 
Sponsored by Rank Xerox 

Thursday 20 March ".45pm 

MOZART Mass in C, K427 

BEETHOVEN SymphonyN64ihB flat 

JILL GOMEZ soprano 
Sponsored by HAY-MSL 

Seal Prices IlO JO, £8 JO. £7 JO. £6. £4.50 
Box Office id: 10-8 every day me. Sun 01-6)8 8891/628 8795 

Tuesday 25 March 7.45pm 

Barbican Hall. 



® pn*. ax. Hmdd Annai d the Qxsa c£ Svta: Bach Air 
<m ■ G Smc. Star May SNd* Gcrac. Haadd Lay* 
dart* Timers- Wernrr, Pwrcdl fei^cr Tweed Air, 
UmoM Whejr'ra You VECk. 5Eacr Mime Soae 
AIMaon Adagtt Bacb.'Gmarad Aw Mm Handel Lcr 
tte Bag* SeraptamiBrah Jem Juftf Wt Dakwfi 
Braid 1 Km* Hra art Bafctncr Ltwb. Uaodd Afiec 
(or ibe ttofd Rsnwta. 

£5.£fi.£ 7».gJ 0.J»40 
MONDAYS.' MARCH at 7*5 pen 




J |Yja moor EWE KLEV&SAOrmVSnC 


Ik^BJ Mmrtriwnhn OVERT URE TO 



Qaeftnor. ENRtQOE BA3XZ VOVKA ASHKENAZY pro £BJ0.£M 0Lm»l 






>4^/ MGEL KENPEDY Vtohn/dnecnir .'. 

JULIAN COWARD Ilinc IAN WATSON tepadiartl/<&Kaor 
&. £fb £730. £1150. £930 
Bn Office RH -428 8mCmfi(Onb(DI43B8S9l) 

J(HN OUR FREE MAILING LIST. tftbeO Raymond Gifetny Lal, 
125 T& u c iiim Codg Road. Imdon VGl <r pfcoae 01-3873082 


Missa Solemnis 



12 Mardi - )9 AptS 1986 

Opm House 

For FREE ftsttmUmdmi iandaaGiliem. 

**fhwW-7a7fiB WwaeHdl . 

Noland Flmlfaotfe 
Spoowredbjr &Mik»dihe 

HQl^emiBfllduoapte N(ricncirnieate& 

•t't-t't PR£1 events ottoiPkaza, 

riri (W Garden 

- MnULOHU MM Owm » 

Oantanu WC3. 014*0 
IOM/1911. CC S Stand* tata 
0CS» <sm Mandat IOmh- 
«pm. AS «wdu atm m «nad mam 
Kkm on omt day. noun: opera 

ram «m«iaar t» v jo mm» 
«e«L ora Modem 
Lnmm/GMrtt. TTw. Tn 7 JO 
OBefld. iMtKmum b b- Oiaw 


Train TJO n ommara. Men » JO 
& o a ( ton u 

mmi Ttraa nMLO 

ftSSSSW^fiSSi^ 0 

London Pianoforte Series 


‘AbomLiotpbBer — tepraweiionaiy-- tavUlnug beamy of mac — ■ 
greet panm* Tbrmi 

■Rriatwdy fcw pinma pas, peeaaa or fame, could ptw_ Ore dm’ 


Wed 19 March: Liszt the Burt ■ 

Sar 22 March: Liszt the Transcriber 
Wed 26 March: Liszt the Virtuoso 

&, £5, £A £3 ten Boa Office nd Credii Cmb: 0l-«» 2141 



RODNEY SLAXFORD double bass 

MOZART. — Divertimento in Eflau K563 

SCHUBERT.^ _Pnno Quintet in A 'The Trout' 

Musicians ‘ Appeal for Famine Relief in Africa 
(Save ihe Children } 

Seat Prices£I0. £8.50. £6. £4.50. £3 
Box Office Tet: 10-8 every day ind. SunQl-b38 8891 f«8 8795 

Good Friday. 28 March 7.00pm Barbican Hall 



mjoj iDGvTtnan 

NIGEL ROGERS Evangelist 

Seat Prices £10. £8. C7. £6. £5. £4 
Box Office Tel: 10-8 every day ind. SunOl-b.TK 8X9I'6>K 8795 

Am* Dhmo soprano Jean Rigby memo-**, lap Caley raw 
Perer Rail tenor AUcbrad George berime David Tboora. bass 
Btbbo Canino ft Antonio Hallfata paon BBC Singer. 

£10, £7 JO, £4.75, £3v25, £l.» Boa Offi* 01-928 3191 CC 01-928 8800 

. SUNDAY U MARCS at 7 J5 pm 

Bach: St. John Passion 

Sicpbcu Vorcoc Qmshs 
Coradus p fl»i|i e i iinwB mans 

Monteverdi Choir & Soloists 
English Baroque Soloists 

Sp oai CMid by Cabk «nd Wbrctraa pie 
£6, £550, £3 fattn Boa Office 01-flffl 3191 CC 01-9288800 
Mmreewtfl Choir ft OrdKHra LuL 


4W MHH P TCHAIKOVSKY Ov. Romeo & Juliet 
RACHMANINOV Piano Concerto No2 
DVORAK New World Symphony 

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 

Conduccon Sir Alexander Gibson 

£!*>. £3 W. £4. £5. £0. £0.90, £A £10 fnrni HiH 01-928 3(91 
Qedn Cards 01 -928 8£00& Afcnib In «id of BRjTISH OBT 

RAYMOND GUfiBAY preraota SATURDAY 9APSB. at 740 p* 


JfrS Ftw. tic Verdfc Aid* Gravi .Mali, Bii* Tb* PraH 
I B) rWiLYi OaOj Vtxdk ftlgolroo Qinrtcr; NW»eco Cbonn of 
nhVjBJ dre Hebrew Sjtrav. M a . cogwfc CaraBato Ramt m Emm 
VJhSg-aP Rnao and lorenneras: and ares adduce fiwo Ira BobeBft 
Mrafara Bonertbi.Canaco.c it- 

O-50. £448, £5 A. £7, £? », £950, £10» HiK 01-928 1191 CC 01-928 8SM 
In wnrJtika whb BBC Radio Z 




BourwrkmiHi Sinfonketta 
Raymon d Ca kaati 


mango Mimc tor Gutar and nano 
Monday 10 March 7 AS pa 

RrabigD vtonna Concano (London ram t o w) 
and «odu by Rodngo, PoO» and Ravel 
Tbunday 13 March 740 pm 
Piaxe* Room Radial 
Rodrigo Songs araj Mosie lor piano 
PMndit Roaraio find Mara Trooo 
Saturday 15 March 7.45 pm j 

Work] prarntar of Rodrigo CMco 
da Santransasea rajf 

Plus Baadwvan uaa. b. C 
Tckot pncoa QB8: E8 B6S0 CS 50 £4 E3 
Purea Room: ES. £d. E3. 

Box Ottos: (Oil 928 3191 

Crtxtt Cards. (Dll SSB 8800 mmwWA 

The only London appearances 
this season, 
the recorder virtuoso 


as seen on TV — 

South Bank Show 23 February. 

23 MAY 

Polish Chamber Orchestra 

(Conductor: Jerzy MaKsymuik) 

Prog ind: TELEMANN Suite in A Minor 
VIVALDI Concerto in C 

Prices: £4.00. £5.00. £6.00. £7.00. £8-00. £9 00 


Academy of 
St Martin in the Fields 

(Director: Kenneth Sillito) 

Prog Inch PERGOLE51 Concertino 

VIVALDI Recorder Concerto 

GORDON JACOB Recorder Concerto 

Prices: £4.00. £5.00. £6.00. £7.00. eaoo. £9.00 

Bock now - Barbican Kali 01 -638 8891 or 01-628 8795 
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TONIGHT ax 84)0 pm 



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Saturday new 15 March at &00 pm 



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3.1 Vr. 


_ how the 

smaH province of 
[Ulster- turns brit 
wprki champions, 
rim there was 
iGeorgeBesi, great- 
est all post-war 
. .. British Soccer play- 
ers; then there was the legend- 
ary Lions’ skipper Willie John 
McBride* and Mike Gibson, 
described by the All Blacks as 
foe.v finest ... ail-round rugby 
player they had ever seen. 

Wore recently the focus has 
shifted from outdoors to in- 
doors. Hurricane Higgins put 
snooker on the map, Barry 
McGuigan puls his opponents 
on the floor, and Dennis 
Taylor put a record-breaking 
TV .audience on the edge of 
their seats in bis electrifying 
world snooker championship 
final against Steve Davis last 

Donald .Trelford is neither 
an Ulsterman nor a profes- 
sional snooker player. He is a 
distinguished journalist, edi- 
tor of The Observer no less. 
Bui he is also hooked on 
snooker, and likes to slip out 
to a club called “Duffers'”, 
which is conveniently dose to 
the Observer offices and very 
popular with journalists: 

Snookered by Donald 
. Trelford (Faber, £4.95) 

Innocent readere may be 
, surprised to learn that snooker 
is a favourite game ofjoumal- 
lsts. The popular image of 
Fleet . Street hacks would sug- 
8KI that they are never sober 
long enough to distinguish the 
colours,, let alone take what is 
laughingly referred to as aim. I 
wonder how many ripped 
clothes have appeared on 
editorial expenses sheets as: 
"hire of camel string in south- 
east Afghanistan”. 

'Anyway, Trebbrd has given 
us the history of billiards 
snooker- It all began with the 
Maharajah of Cooch Bebar, 
apparently, and the exotic 
element survives to this day. 
Sheikh Mohammed- AI- 
Maktoum of Dubai, a domi- 
nant figure in British borsex 
raciug and known in racing 
circles simply as “‘The 
Sheikh*', is a snooker fan So is 
Prince Yazib of Saudi Arabia, 
in whose Holland Park man- 
sion the snooker table is a 
prized possession. 

Lower down the scale, when 
the Playboy Organization got 

into trouble with 1 the gaming 
authorities, the new' propri- 
etors of the Clermont Club in 
Berkeley Square slung all the 
backgammon players out into 
the street. One of their num- 
ber found a snooker club off 
Baker Street and a perfect 
marriage was arranged. The 
snookers bustled the. back- 
gammons, and the backgam- 
mons hustled the snookers. 

And then some really bright 
spark opened a. lug snooker 
ball in Holborn, just perfect 
for the old Gray's Inn Road 
gang, the J/irrvrmob, and the 
tigers from the Te/egraphf 
You could have produced a 
whole newspaper from any 
afternoon's averse clientele. . 

But for some people this is 
altogether too public and like- 
ly .to attract the wrong sort of 
attention. 1 know or a. well- 
known international photog- 
rapher and a London- socialite 
who make the perilous jour- 
ney to the Tooting Working 
Men's Qub for a quick 
frame „ . . and one of them, 
doesn’t even have a wife to get 
away from. I also know a 
world-renowned musician 
who moved house in Hamp- 
stead in order to have a room * 

Tortured talent at 
the typewriter 

Sport of kings: Louis XIV of France playing a game of billiards in 1694. Three hundred 
years later, it is no longer the exclusive set who call all the shots. . . 

bis enough to take a full-size 

The best snooker story of all 
is recorded by Anthony Le- 
jeune, writing about the 
Travellers' Club in Pall Mall. 
A member committed suicide 
by shooting himself in the 
snooker room. It was said in 
his defence that he had lived a 
long while in Japan and 
acquired "a characteristic in- 
difference to life”. The club 

chairman, a cenain Colonel 
Baring, took a sterner view: 
*Tl! take dam’ good care he 
never gets into any other club 
I have anything to do with”. 

Oh dear, I've nearly run out 
of space and haven't said 
anything about Donald 
Trel ford's book, so let me 
repeat one stray from it . . . 

His mother-in-law was in a 
British Rail restaurant car 
when a young man politely 

asked if she minded if he 
smoked. She noticed he had a 
huge wad of fivers in his back 
pocket When she arrived 
home she startled everyone 
with the announcement “I’ve 
just met a snooker player on 
the train with the most beauti- 
ful manners. His name was 
Higgins. Have you heard of 
him?” Trelford’s book is a 
lovely read. 

John Graham 

Love out on a limb 


*■ M ’ '**"44 ii 

Passion Fruit Romantic 

Fiction With a Twist edited by 

Jeanette Wmterson 
(Pandora, £3.95) 

I cannot remember - having 
read a more disagreeable 
book. It consists of 12 roman- 
tic stories from 12 women; 
including Fay Weldon. Sara 
Maitland and Angela Carter, 
to name the most instantly 
recognizable of these Ameri- 
can and British writers. 

The first —Rebecca Brown's 
“Forgiveness” isenougb-to 
put yon off A man says to a 
woman, “I'd gjve my right arm 
for you” and he does. She has 
it bronzed (like a baby's first 
pair of shoes), puts it over the 
fireplace in the den and later 
loses it in a fit of carelessness. 

Nor could “Down the Cfini- 
cai Disco” Fay Weldon’s 
first-person stray, qualify for. 
the dictionary definition of 
romance — as a love affair, or 
the spirit of, or Iadfoa turn for, 
excitement, mystery, etef -r 

except that the story-teller 
meets her true love while they 
are both at Broadmoor. 

He is a transvestite teacher, 
shopped by his little girl 
pupils; she. having discovered 
that her husband is her 
mother's lover and that they 
are expecting a child, sets fire 
to her office. No joy, m 
happiness, no dosd nine— on 
and on it drearily goe& Angela 
Carter has a rather pleasant 
first-person reminiscence 
called “The Quflt Maker”, 

. concentrating on an. old lady 
and her cat firing m the 
basement next door. The old 
lady is removed by. the social 
services to hospital, and unex- 
pectedly returns, greatfy im- 
proved. So is foe cat. It is, on 
the whole and by comparison, 
a cheerful stray. 

; Mkhefine Wander's “Some 
of My Best Friends” starts out 
quite amnsmgfyi with nfesbi- 
. anandagayman organizing a 
gay festival and faffing in love ■ 
with each other in a <8sgnst- 

Feminist’s high view of the word 

Cheerful: Angela Carter 
ingly normal way,' causing 
immense outrage among the 
gay community which regards 
them both as traitors. 

- But it Is tiresomefy written 
in lower case. The reason is 
revealed in the “twist” in that 
foe bomb which killed her 
lover also tore off her left arm 
foe rate that holds foe shift 
key down. 

an arm is dearly the 
lie tiring to have hap- 
pen to you this year. 

.... Philippa Toomey 

“They despise 
women and they 
want to go on liv- 
ing — to reproduce 
themselves ... 
There is no pardon 
for men. The only 
answer to them is 
suicide; all women ought to 
agree to commit suicide.” The 
speaker is Miriam, heroine of 
Dorothy Richardson's 13- 
novel sequence Pilgrimage \ 
one of the works — from the 
19th century to today — 
discussed in this book. 

Of course Jane Miller, who 
is far from being the kind of 
feminist bogey-pereon . the 
popular press loves to hate, 
would never advocate such an 
extreme solution (although its 
simplicity has appeal). Rather 
she argues that it is wrong to 
read women writers as' if they 
were men and only to admire 
those most successful at imi- 
tating the masculine voice. 

They have a distinctive 
voice, even though forced to 
adopt foe language of men in 

Women Writing About Men 
by Jane Miller (Virago. £5.50) 

order to be heard in a male- 
orientated society. We should 
see them as bilingual. 

The chapters on Austen, 
Eliot and foe Brontes are 
sympathetic and there is no 
attempt to foist anachronistic 
ideologies on them. But as far 
as contemporary writing is 
concerned Miller concentrates 
on women who are real rather 
than metaphorical, outsiders. 

Writers like foe Creole Jean 
Rhys and former Rhodesian 
Doris Lessing naturally 
present an outsider's view of 
our society. This entirely de- 
flects her argument that wom- 
en are outsiders in their own 
society just at the moment in 
the development of literature 
when women are consciously 
beginning to exploit this . 

MiUeris right that people 
need to be jolted into aware- 
ness of their assumptions and 
repressions, but often foe way 

she attempts to achieve it 
becomes a form of female 
chauvinism: “Imagine. A 
young mother is suckling her 
son. As he wriggles from her 
into sudden, heavy sleep, milk 
spurts from her breast and on 
to the pages of Volume VII of 
Proust's A in Recherche de 
Temps Perdu. ,T. 

This is meant to demon- 
strate what it means to be a 
woman reader but only suc- 
ceeds in damaging her credi- 
bility as well as her Proust. 

There are more serious 
examples of this female chau- 
vinism: several of the authors 
quoted insist that men can 
never understand women's 
language folly but there is little 
suggestion that women fail to 
understand men's. If we are 
bilingual, men can learn to be 
so too. it is not only women 
who feel foe inadequacy of 
language; it has been a univer- 
sal theme in literature 
throughout foe 20th century. 

Annabel Edwards 


The Anatomy Lesson by 
Philip Roth (Penguin, £3.95) 

Readers of Rofo will know 
what to expect. Zuckerman, 
foe hero, is tormented by his 
literary talent- Women gravi- 
tate to him irresistibly, al- 
though by now he has lost 
most of his hair and teeth. Sex 
and the Jewish family rank 
closely with self in terms of 
cliff-hanging importance. 

Zuckerman is mysteriously 
ill in The Anatomy Lesson, 
reduced to inertia on bis back. 
In this position writing is 
especially problematic. Wom- 
en continue to supply sex and 
food, but booze and pain- 
killers drag him into a despair- 
ing fog. 

He creates the new Active 
persona for himself of pomog- 
rapher — suitable for one who 
peeps voyeuristically at life as 
material for his books. The 
ensuing fiasco is black and 
comic. His mother has died 
and the laughter gets darker 
behind the mirth is a bleak 
destitution that rings true. 

The Anatomy Lesson has a 
greedy viiality that saps expe- 
rience of its energy, transform- 
ing it into food for mental 
mastication. It is the old 
dilemma of foe self-conscious 
writer, brought to life with a 
vengeance. One suspects an 
idealization of either self or 
the writer at foe heart ofiu but 
Rofo fans will love it. 

The Tiger by Lisa St Aubin 
de Teran (Penguin, £3.95) 

Lisa St Aubin de Teran writes 
again about a dusty landscape 
in South America, where peo- 
ple have names like El Patron 
and impossible, strange things 

Lucien, the hero, is brought 
up by foe terrifying Misia 
Schmutter, a grandmother 
who possesses his soul. She 
continues to dominate him 
after- death, even to disap- 
prove of his girlfriends. Quite 
soon foe reader stops believ- 
This is magic realism ad 
ium . style without con- 

For the style lays spurious 
claim to the depth and authen- 
ticity of myth. Portentous and 
exaggerated, it is so badly 
derivative that it approaches 
self-parody. The reader feels 
uneasily that foe author has 
found a formula: South Amer- 
ica, land of fantastic extrem- 

ity, the setting that permits 
instant myth-making;. 

The characters are improba- 
ble, the peasants a homoge- 
neous mass, doing folksy 
primitive things, as suits the 
narrative. Lucien's ancestor is 
such a powerful villain that no 
bandits attack him because 
they see murder in his eye. 
Lucien grows up in a “land- 
scape of fear”. Horror and 
profundity are not foe same 
thing; nor are strange events 
always interesting. 

The Nature of Passion by 
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala 
(Penguin, £2.95) 

Lalaji is a millionaire Indian 
contractor and. with money, 
things have changed. Secretly 
he prefers the old style of life, 
keeping cash in a trunk, 
deeping outside. “Still, one 
had to keep up with one's 
money. A bedroom suite was a 
social necessity’.” 

Lalaji's children reject the 

. ... *; 

ing. Thi 

Tolerant Win Jhabvala 
old customs for the new 
European ways: college, short 
hair, motor cars. Nimmi, 
Lalaji's beautiful daughter, is 
kissed under the moon by her 
new fashionable boyfriend. 
Her impulse is to laugh; but 
when later she tells her 
girlfriend it seems poetic and 

In The Nature of Passion 
truth never conforms to cli- 
che; and in scenes of magnifi- 
cent quiet comedy the author 
shows us the new fashions as 
new orthodoxies, with rules as 
strict as the old. 

She observes the Indian 
social relations with great and 
tolerant wit She sees dearly, 
records without euphemism 
and never tells the reader what 
to think. The Nature of Pas- 
sion is a delight. 




Art and terror in the dream factory 


Charles Laughton was one of 
the cinema’s roost forceful 
actors, who creafeda splendid 
gallery of Uuger-than-lrfe per- 
formances. But. he win be 
remembered also for the one 
film he made from behind foe 
camera. The Night ■ of foe 
Hunter, which he directed in 
1955, is on BBC2 on Friday 
( 11. 45 pm- 1 -20am). 

It was an extraordinary 
piece to come out of Holly- 
wood in the 1950s, an art film 
from foe dream factory. 

Using a style reminiscent of 
the German silent cinema, 
with shadowy lighting and 
dramatic camera angles, and 
working a simple plot into an 
allegory on good and eviL, 
Laughton produced a film that 
was bold, disturbing, original. 

Not surprisingly, perhaps, 
audiences used to more sooth- 
ing Hollywood fere could 
make little of it and The Night 
of the Hunter was a resound- 
ing commercial failure. Bur its 

Peter Waymark on a classic portrayal 
FILMS ON TV of the conflict between good and evil 

cause was taken up by discern- 
ing critics! and by film societ- 
ies and art houses, and it has 
come to take its place among 
the handful of rinema classics. 

Laughton based his film on 
a novel by Davis Grubb about 
a psychopathic backwoods 
preacher who # marries and 
murders rich widows for their 
money, winch he devotes to 
“the work of foe LorcT. 

Disposing of his latest vic- 
tim, he finds that foe secret of 
her money lies with her two 
children, wbo take refuge with 
a p hilanthr opic spinstec- 

On one level, the film works 
as a suspense thriller and the 
critic Pauline Kael called it 
“one of foe most frightening 
movies ever tirade”. But 
F aug h ton's ambition went 

much further than that and 
what emerges is an extraordi- 
nary ' richness and mythic 
power with evil finally con- 
quered by the forces of light. 

Laughton made a careful 
choice of collaborators and 
drew outstanding contribu- 
tions from each of them. The 
screenplay was by James Agee, 
one of America's most percep- 
tive film . critics, and the 
striking camera work came 
from Stanley Cortez, who 
worked with Orson Welles on 
The Magnificent Ambersons. 

. . The part of Harry Powell, 
foemurderous preacher, went 
to Robert Mitchum, an actor 
Laughton particularly is among his best 
performances — a combina- 
tion of foe antra's unique 

sleepy-eyed langour and his 
ability, never before so power- 
fully exploited on foe screen, 
to represent unalloyed eviL 

To get himself in the right 
mood, Laughton ran through 
the pioneering works of foe 
great master, D.W. Griffith. 
He also called up Griffith’s 
leading lady, Lillian Gish, 
who came out of semi-retire- 
ment to play the spinster, 
Rachel a serene fairy god- 
mother - 

The other important part 
went to an actress who had 
once taken acting lessons from 
Laughton and later paid trib- 
ute to him for giving her self- 
respect at a time when 
Hollywood was promoting her 
as cheesecake. Shelley Winters 
plays foe preacher’s final vic- 

tim and her demise is as 
startling as anything in foe 

The making of The Night of 
the Hunter brought out 
Laughton’s best qualities - his 
intensity of feeling, his sense 
of drama and atmosphere — 
and his worst. His contempt 
for money meant that foe 
project was soon going well 
over budget, while lus ruthless 
treatment of those around him 
is said to have hastened James 
Agee's early death. 

Despite foe box-office fail- 
ure of The Night of the Hunter, 
Laughton was offered another 
directing assignment. The Na- 
ked and the Dead. 

This time Laughton’s ex- 
travagance sank him. The $5 
million raised to make foe 
film were squandered before 
foe cameras had even started 
to roll, and foe subject was 
eventually made with another 
director. ' 

Frightening presence: Robert Mitchum as 
the murderous preacher m The Night of the finnter 


Twelve Angry Men 
(1957): Persuasive jury-room 
drama with Henry Fonda as 
the lone dissenter trying to 
persuade his colleagues of 
an alleged murderer's 
innocence (BBC2, today, 2- 

Pygmalion (1 933): Excellent 
screen adaptation of Shaw's 
play, with Leslie Howard 
asniggins, Wendy Hiller as 
Eliza and Wilfrid Lawson as 
Doolittle (Channel 4, today, 3- 

Rififi (1954): Jules Dassin's 
famous thriller about a Paris 
jewel robbery, which 
occupies half an hour of 
screen time entirely without 
dialogue or music (BBC2, 
tomorrow, 3-4.55pm). 

The Pumpkin Eater (1964): 
James Mason and Anne 
Bancroft as the partners in 
a rocky marriage: from 
Penelope Mortimer's novel, 
scripted by Harold Pinter 
(Channel 4, tomorrow. 

Publishers in conflict 

Stimulating the brain 




A ttyooc selling out io wnte 
a radio comedy series these 
days must fed the weight of a 
glorious tradition and know 
that comparisons will inevita- 
bly t« made with Hancock s 
Half Hounjr The Goon Show 
or Round the Horne, give or 
take a personal favourite. 

Too often in the P*® 
years radio has solved the 
dilemma the easy VS 
recycling sitcoms already Inca 
ana tested on television. Bui 
originals do keep cropping VP- 
The latest is Andrew Palmers 
Take Me To Yocr Reader, 
which starts today on Radio 4 

Set in the worid.of pnblfeh- 
ujg, it revolves round the 
constant bottle to resolve foe 
inherent conflict between pro- 
ducing bieramre and making 
money. The two posiiioiB are 
represented by idealistic Conn 
(Tim Biwke-TayloO and 
mercenary boss (Glyn Hous- 

The first episode charts foe 
tussle between two publishers 
for the services of a popular 
author of children's stones, 
who has crane to despise bis 
craft and would rather wnie 
Poetry. Crisply ptoront w«o 
some sharp lines and an echo 
of the bo©s jnselkctoalism of 

Maestro of sharo-edged 
fared Dario Fe 

Tony Hancock, Take Me To 
Your Reader makes a promis- 
ing sran. 

A drama highlight of the 
week is the first performance 
in Britain of Archangels Draft 
pjay Pinball (Radio 3, Wed, 
7.30-9pm) by the Italian mae- 
stro of shanxdfced feme, 
Dario Fo. The target is bu- 
reaucracy. its e xc es s e s and its 
often crazy logic. 

Jimmy Chisholm plays the 
central character, who rejoices 
in foe name of Sunny weath- 
er. while most of foe other 
actors not only lake several 
roicst but provide foe neces- 
sary sound effects — 
traffic, dogs, cats, filing <?bi- 
seis and clocks. The muse is 
written and performed by a 
combo not often heard on 
Radio 3. Harvey and foe 

James Runcte, adaptor of 
Archangels, is also responsi- 
ble. with Robert SandaH for a 

new version of Webster’s clas- 
sic revenge play. The White 
Devil (Radio 3, tomor- 
row,?. 15-9. 15pm). It could be 
just the thing for a struggling. 
GCE student Gerald Muiphy 
and Susan Fleetwood play foe 
leading protagonists in this 
dark tale of murder and 

Among the week's docu- 
mentaries are Left, Right and 
Centre (Radio 3, tomorrow, 
5.15-tipm), a series of forte 
programmes by Richard 
. Mayne analysing the main 
political groupings in France 
as that country prepares to go 
fo foe polls. Also tomorrow, 
File on Freed (Radio 4,10.15- 
lipm) is a reassessment of the 
father of psychoanalysis. 

In music, Radio 3 has three 
world premieres of works 
commissioned by the 
BBC.The first is Richard Rod- 
ney Bennett’s Love Songs, by 
the BBC Philharmonic Or- 
chestra in foe Free Trade Hall, 
Manchester (Tues. 8.35- 
9.35pm) and celebrating the 
composer's 50fo birthday on 
March 29; the soloist is Robert 

On Thursday ,(1.0S-2pm) 
foe Medici String Quartet 
performs String Quartet No 1 
by James : Patten, and on 
Friday foe BBC Symphony 
Orchestra plays Harrison 
Birtwhistle’s Garth Dances in 
a concert at foe Royal Festival 

Peter Waymark 


Surveys reveal that for the 
mass audience television is a 
moronic inferno spewing forth 
wall-to-wall pap at a distract- 
ed audience increasingly given 
to channel clicking as its 
concentration span decreases. 

But the return of Voices 
(Channel 4, Thors, 11- 
1155pm), an attempt to 
stretch the intelkriaal param- 
eters of television in a way that 
is possible on radio, demon- 
strates foe virtind impossibil- 
ity of conveying abstract ideas 
to an attentive audience. 

The articabte novelists 
Martin Anris and Sani Bellow, 
iritatingiy refereed by Michael 
IgnatiefT, produce informed 
and stimulating dialogue but 
with the forum being an 
nn ins pired three-chair set with 
a doB-co feared background 
attention increasingly focuses 
oq Amis's intense manipula- 
tion of his rigarettes. 

The mind wanders through- 
out Thai Uncertain Feeling 
(BBCZ Wed, 9^5-l0.15pm), 
a four-part dramatization iff 
Kingsley Amiss comedy of 
gaacbe sexuality, working- 
class inhibitions and provin- 
cial aspirations played out 
behind and in front of a small 
tows Welsh library counter. 

The proceedings are deadly 
slow, bat it is billed asa classic 

Victim: Warren Darke in 
The Russian Soldier 

comedy, so perhaps we should 
take it seriously. . 

The toughest moral debate 
is to be found in The Russian 
Soldier (BBCZ tomorrow, 
IO.10-H.35pm), an impas- 
sioned cry against foe retalia- 
tory arms race from foe month 
of an innocent victim, a West 
Country farmer driven to 
doubt patriotism as his ani- 
mals suffer accidental biologi- 
cal weapons testing. 

How for do democratic ends 
justify dictatorial means and is 
the state justified in develop- 
ing a lethal arsenal just be- 
cause the other ride fo doing 

A brooding and deeply dis- 
turbing film directed by Gavin 
Millar and written by Brian. 
Phelan. The Russian Soldier 
milks the growing suspicion 
about foe power and ethics of 
the state's deeply flawed hu- 
man custodians. 

Warren Clarke stars as the 

jowly fanner and Patrick 
Malahide as the tight-lipped 
civil servant whose job is to 
suppress the troth. Individual 
liberty , raison d 'etre of a 
democracy's armed forces, is 
the first casualty. 

The loudest month on the 
US networks, comedieone- 
cum-chat show inquisitor Joan 
Rivers and her co-host, foe 
professionally foul-mouthed 
Peter Cook, wfll be bitching 
with Barry Manitow, Dame 
Edna Everage, Twiggy and 
Jim HensOQ and Kermit in the 
first of Joan Rivers: Can We 
Talk? (BBC2, Mon, 930- 
10.20pm), a pick-me-up for 
the soporific Wogan. 

Halley's Comet disgorges 
its secrets face to face with the 
Giotto Probe in Halley’s Com- 
et; The Encounter (BBC1. 
Thors, 1 1 pm- 1 2.30am), with 
terrestrial commentary from 
James Burke. 

British Film Year may have 
have been stifled by the short- 
sighted tightflstedness of the 
industry, but fBm director 
Alan Parker, one of the suc- 
cessfully practising members 
of the written off profession, 
attempts a whimsical docu- 
mentary in A Turnip Head's 
Guide to the British Cinema ( 
ITY, Wed, 9-10pm). 

It is a wonderfully nostalgic 
homage to foe days before foe 
split screen, when foe rinema 
was a larger than life experi- 
ence - 

Bob Williams 





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T1MEWATCH: Michael Frayn 
makes his cinema debut with 
Clockwise (PG), a boisterous 
farce starring John Cleese as a 
punctilious headmaster trying to 
reach a conference on time. 
Warner West End (01-439 0791} 
from Friday. 




The 900th corpse should just 
about have been cleared away 
from the premises by the time 
Dame Janet Baker gets up to 
sing at the Spitalfields Music 
Festival in May. At present 
Christ Church, Spitalfields is 
having bodies removed 
wholesale from the crypt so 
that the annual music festival 
can extend its facilities. As 
part of the church's £1.5 
million restoration pro- 
gramme the crypt will become 
a dressing-room. 

The bones are enjoying a 
belated outing courtesy of the 
Wellcome and Nuffield foun- 
dations. which will perform 
various tests on them before 
they are relumed to a decent 
bunal place in the Spitalfields 
churchyard some lime next 
year. Fortunately Janet Baker 
is no great believer in spooks: 
the skeletons could still be 
being hauled away, rattling, as 
she makes her debut there. 

Lost love 

The story behind David 
Puttnam's his latest film, Mr 
Low. is a one of triumph over 
adversity. Its creator, writer 
Ken Eastaugh. came to know 
Puttnam after sending him a 
script a couple of years ago. “I 
united for a decent interval”, 
recalls Eastaugh. “then I po- 
litely wrote to David asking 
him what he thought. He’d 
never seen it and I hadn’t even 
got a copy!” An embarrassed 
Puttnam asked Eastaugh if be 
could rewrite the original or 
come up with something new. 
Mr Love was the result- Now 
Eastaugh puts a sheet of 
carbon paper in his typewriter, 
just in case. 

• A remarkable number 
of Londoners still remember 
Yoko Ono as a promising 
conceptual artist whose 
progress was only 
hampered by her involvement 
with John Lennon. On her 
return to Britain in a 
fortnight’s time many wfl! 
be asking themselves what 
they ever saw in a £100 
apple or an horn spent 
languishing inside a hag. 

Far from the heady days when 
she would turn concepts 
inside ont at the Indies 
Gallery, she is fronting an 
extremely conventional 
rock’n'roll band and 
singing predictable songs 
about peace. 

Pinter’s party 

Harold Pinter is to star as 
Goldberg in a new version ofl 
his play The Birthday Party 
for BBC television. Currently 
in rehearsal, the piece also 
includes Colin Blakeley, Julie 
Walters, Kenneth C ran ham 


FIRST STEPS: Michael Clarfc, the 
provocative and talented young 
dancer/choreographer, premieres 
his latest work with London Festival 
Ballet Drop your pearls and hog 
it, girts is set to music by the punk 
band The FalLTheatre Royal, Bath 
(0225-65065), Thursday. 


QUEEN MUM: Penelope Mortimer 
has written a warts- and- aU biography 
of the Queen Mother which tries 
to go behind the public facade and 
may startle those expecting the 
usual anodyne royal portrait Queen 
Elizabeth is published by Viking 
on Thursday at £1 2.95. 

Pinter and 

and Joan Plowright and prom- 
ises to be an exact mirror of 
the 1960 originaL Producer 
Rosemary Hills tells me: “If 
the original instructions said 
three dots for a pause then 
three dots it is. not two”. 

Brando blitz 

Frantic rewrites are going on 
at United British Artists 
ill BA), the film conglomerate 
formed by such stars as Glen- 
da Jackson and Alan Bates, 
which hopes to sign Marion 
Brando for its biggest project 
yeL Brando, who has not 
made a film for five years, has 
vetoed one script but UBA 
director Richard Johnson is 
hopefuL “There are some 
problems but we will have 
them ironed out soon”, be 
says, “and we are looking 
forward to working with him . 
The subject and title of the 
film are a closely-guarded 

When it’s any 
one for Denis 


T hose who endured 
Dead Head, the las- 
civious television 
mystery series, will 
need no introduction to Denis 
Lawson's body. They will 
know that it is quite short, 
although not fat. and sur- 
mounted by a squarish, thin- 
lipped face which ranted a lot 
in bellicose cockney. 

If they have read Kit _ 
Amis's That Uncertain Fe 
ing and switch on to the 
television adaptation next 
Wednesday, they may be sur- 
prised to see Lawson cast as 
the librarian hero John 
Ancurin Lewis, described by 
the author as the possessor of 
a “long thin body”, and 
“round and rubicund” face. 
Denis Lawson, as he likes to 
say himself, is a versatile man. 

Throughout his 18-year act- 
ing career he has tried to prove 
that he can not only act, but 
improvise, mime, tap dance 
and even bark — in one early 
fringe production he was cast 
as a dog. 

It was not, however, until 
last week, when he opened in 
the new Andrew Lloyd 
Webber production.' Lend Me 
A Tenor , that audiences saw 
Lawson singing operatic arias. 
“In a sense I’ve almost been 
hoist by my own petard”, he 
said, bolting down sandwiches 
between rehearsals. “People 
think I can do anything. In 
That Uncertain Feeling . when 
l said l*d never done Welsh, 
they retorted *Oh. don’t be 
silly’. I had to work for weeks 
on that Welsh sound.” 

Denis Lawson's own sound 
is muled Scots, legacy of an 
upbringing in Crieff. Perth- 
shire. where he decided to go 
on stage at the age of five. The 
same year he starred in 
Runiplestiliskin at his infant 
school, where a low budget 
ruled out the traditional exit 
through the floor boards. “I 
had to stamp my foot and 
walk off — I remember doing 
that, and getting a huge laugh, 
and suddenly realizing 1 could 
be funny." 

He was also acquiring a 
taste for vaudeville and be- 
coming a regular at Scottish 
variety shows and cinema 
matinees. “People like Donald 
O'Connor, Jenv Lewis and 
Danny Kaye influenced me a 
great deal, and still do. I was 
Tour or five years old when I 

Nothing is too tall 
an order for actor 
Denis Lawson — 
as he proves again 
on TV next week 

saw Singiri In The Rain — I 
used to sing that in the park at 

By the time he had got in — 
on his second attempt — to 
Glasgow's drama school, 
Lawson's ambitions had ma- 
tured. He would be an acton 
he would also be very rich and 
famous by the age of 24. That 
landmark came and went “I 
thought damn, J haven't done 
it” Fourteen years later he can 
laugh at thaL 

He spent his twenties 
ploughing through repertory 
and fringe productions, in 
which he worked with Lindsay 
Kemp. Steven Berkoff, How- 
ard Bremen, David Edgar and 
many other more convention- 
al directors. “I made a kind of 
naive decision — although it 
turned out to be very effective 
— that in a profession which 
was overcrowded and very 
difficult you'd have a much 
better chance of staying in 
work if you could do 

E ven after he broke 
into television, with a 
dynamic new agent it 
was some time before 
he was proved right — partly 
he thinks, because of a con- 
flicting sub-strategy: “My very 
first plan of attack was not to 
be a Scottish actor, and that 
was quite tough and difficult 
because there were periods 
when I was not working in 
London, and I was offered 
work in Scotland, and just did 
not do it”. 

He spent his spare time 
practising in London dance 
studios, certain that a facility 
for musical comedy would be 
the answer. “It seemed to me 
that 1 had a very good chance 
of cracking it in that area. I felt 
not many actors in this coun- 
try could deal with being a 
good musical performer.” 

One day a curious feelin*, 
told him his labour had not 
been in vain. “I remember 
being in class, sweating away 

on this bar, and I just had a 
kind of funny flash in my 
head. I knew I was getting 
ready for something.” Not 
long afterwards. Lawson was 
offered the lead in a produc- 
tion of Pat Joey which trans- 
ferred to the Wist End. It was 
his watershed. 

That was six years ago. 
Since then Lawson's skill in 
singing, dance and burlesque 
has brought him tire lead in 
the 1 920s musical Mr Cinders. 
and now Lend Me A Tenor. 
He became confident enough 
to turn down another play 
from the RSC. But he did 
accept, of all things, the part of 
a Scot — the wily landlord in 
the film Local Hero. With his 
recent series of big television 
parts, his strategy appears to 
have paid off handsomely. 

There seems to be a tenden- 
cy for him to be cast as a 
winsome, put-upon underdog; 
a little man caught up in the 
plots and whims of others. 
Lawson, who oozes urbanity 
and careful planning, consid- 
ers this may have something 
to do with a relatively new 
habit of rooting his characters 
in himself 

“I spent years stretching 
myself every way I could think 
of, mentally and physically, 
but what’s most effective now 
is a kind of honest perfor- 
mance that's dose to you. 
Changing your voice and the 
way you move is just a trick.” 

Another thread is Lawson's 
determination to inform all 
his parts with the political 
views he acquired after read- 
ing Brave New World and 
working on the fringe in his 
early twenties. *Tve always 
been a socialist and it hasn't 
been shaken as I've become 
more successful or reached a 
kind of age were people reval- 
ue, and might move to the 
right a bit I don’t think Tvc 
done that” 

As if to prove the point he 
reached for the plate of sand- 
wiches which be had already 
ransacked for those containing 
smoked salmon. Covering the 
plate with a lace doily, he 
carried it out of the Globe 
Theatre and proceeded briskly 
up Shaftesbury Avenue. 

Catherine Bennett 

That Uncertain Feettng is on 
BBG2 on Wednesday, 9.25- 


Henze conducts 1 he first complete 
London performance of his Elegy 
For Young Lovers. The concert is an 
early celebration of his 60th 
birthday, which falls on July 1. Queen 
Elizabeth Hall (01-9283191), 
Wednesday, 7 pm. 


AFTER VERDI: Wflhefanertia 

Fernandez, who was made famous 

by her performance in the title rote. 

of the cult film Dfva, sings her first 
AUda in Britain in Phflip Prowse’s 
new production for Opera 
North.Grand Theatre, Leeds 
(0532-459351). from Tuesday. 

BLADE RUWCR: ftafCan* plays 
Mack the Knfe in a new National 
Theatre production of The 
Threepenny Opera by Brecht and 
We«L Safly Dexter is Bofly 
Peacbumand Peter Wood directs. 
Olivier (01 -928 2252), from 

■ ; ;A 



Maria Gtufini conducts the 
Philharmonia Orchestra in 
Franck's Symphony, then the 
PMharmonia Choir joins in 
for Faure's Requiem- 
Royal Festival Hall, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191, credit cards 01-928 
8800). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

MATA/LSO: Gluck's 
Overture Iphigenle a n Autide 
begins this concert by 
Eduardo Mata and foe LSO, 
which also includes the 
Mussorgsky-Ravel Pictures at 
an Exhibition . . 

Barbican Centre, Silk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795. credit cards 01-638 
8891). Tues, 7.45pm. 


Debussy's Khamma: Legende 
Dansee gets its UK 
premiere from foe LPO under 
James Con ton. 

Royal Festival Hail. Wed, 

Hungarian State Symphony 
Orchestra in Wagner's 
Overture Die Metstersinger, 
Bartok’s Violin Concerto No 
2 (sotofst V/lmos Szabatfi). 
Brahm's Symphony No 1. 
Barbican Centre. Wed. 


outstanding Andrei Gavrilov 
solos in Rachmaninov's 
Piano Concerto No 2 with the 

Royal Festival Hall. Thurs, - 

CONTINUES: The Borodin 
Quartet's complete series 
of Shostakovich string quartets 
has now got to Quartets 
Nos 6-8. 

Queen Elizabeth Halt, South 
Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191. credit cards 01-928 



AFTER AIDA: How librettist 
Arrigo Boito persuaded Verdi 
to end his long silence and 
compose suen late 
masterpieces as Otetto and 
Falstaff. Julian Mitchell's new 
play, directed by Howard 
Davis, with Ian Charieson and 
Gemma Jones. 

Old Vic (01 -928 7616). 
Previews from Tues. Opens 
Mar 19. 

Hughes's play, set in a 
basement dub in Russia. 
1921. Richard Eyre directs 
Peter Blythe, Charlotte 

Comwefl (above), Daniel Oay- 
Lewis, Jack Shepherd. 
Cotteskw (01 -928 2252). 
Previews today, Mon-Fri, Mar 
15. Opens Mar 17. 


premiere of a show subtitled 
The WH Song and Pathos 
of Brendan Behan. . 
Watermans Arts Centre, 40 
High Street Brentford, Middx 
(01-586 1176). Mon-Wed 

TEARS: Hull Truck Company 
on a theme of working- 
dass sport/teisure inspired by 
HuH athlete Karon Briggs, a 
judo world champion. 

Tricycle Theatre, 269 
Kilbum High Road, London 
NW6 (01-328 8626). Opens 


O'Malley's second comedy of 
a strict Roman Catholic 

Palace, Watford, Herts 
(0923 25671). Previews today, 
Mon and Tues. Opens Wed. 


WOMEN: Uncompromising 
revamp of Middleton’s sex- 
and-poktics shocker. Directed 
by William Gaskin. 

Royal Court (01-730 1745). 

WINDSOR: Bill Alexander’s 
knocka b o ut production 
turns Falstaff loose in foe 
brash 1950s. 

Barbican (01-628 8795/638 

O'Toole and Susannah York 
star in Val May’s spirited 
revival of Shaw’s political 

Haymarket (01-93Q9832). 

double biB - a biographical 
miscellany. GoriBa in the 
Roses, and foe original . 
television play Funeral 

King ’s Head (01-226 1916). 


Valentine: Noreen Kershaw, of 
Granada TVs Albion 
Market, in Wifly RussaJTs latest 
show. Everyman (051 709 
4776). Opens Thurs. 

Jones: European premiere of 
the stage musical based on 
Prosper Merimee’s Carmen. 
Crucible (0742 79922). 

Public dress rehearsals Thurs 
and Fri matinie. Opens Fri 


BALLET:The company splits 
itself in two this weeKto 
appear in different cities. One 
team presents Copoeiia . 
today at the Theatre Royal. • 
Nottingham (0602 42328) 
and Mon-March 15 atfoe 
ApoQo, Oxford (0865 
44544). where Rudolf Nureyev 
appears as guest on Thurs, 

Fri. The smaller team, under 
foe title LFB2, goes to the 
Theatre Royal. Bath (0225 
65065) with two 
programmes. Mon-Wed they 
include Paul Taylors sunny 
Aureole, foe classic Dances 
from NapoB and three 
contrasted duets. Thurs - 
March 15, Michael Clark’s 
new work is premiered with 
two other recent creations, 
the Gershwin-inspired 
Necessarily So end 
Christopher Bruce’s dramatic 

mai gardrie is given this 
afternoon and Wed. On 
Tues, MacMillan’s Gloria and 
Binttey's Consort Lessons 
share foe bill with Eagting's 
Frankenstein. Giselle 
returns with Ravenna Tucker in 
the title rote Thurs and 
Fiona Chadwick on Fri. 

Co vent Garden (01-240 

ON TOUR: London 
Contemporary Dance Theatre 
is at Theatre Royal. 

Plymouth (0752-669595) 
tonight with a programme 
including Robert Cohan’s 
latest work. Northern Ballet 
Theatre gives The Nutcracker 
twice foray at the Grand 
Theatre, Swansea (0792 
47571 5) and Tues- March 
IS at foe Grand Theatre, 
Blackpool (0253 28372). 


visually stunning exploration of 
the human body by a host 
of photographers, including 
Snowdon, Uchfieid, Walter 
Numberg, Patrick Eager and 
David Redfem. 

Science Museum. London 
SW7 (01 -589 3456). 
Snowdon and Uchfieid again 
(portraits and landscapes 

respectively) but tfria time 
joined by waditfe 
photographer Eric Hoskings. 
Exhibition Gallery, 

Setfridges, Oxford Street, 
London W1 (01-629 1234). 



young affittxwc _ 

HOLMES (PG): Another display 
of comc-book japes and ' 
sumptuous specrai effects 
from Steven Spielberg, wifo 
Nicholas Rowe and Man Cox 
as a teenage Holmes and 
Watson, scaling foe mystery of 
foe "pyramid of fear*’. 

Directed by Bany Levinson. 
Plaza (01-437 1234). From - 

JAGGED B)GE (18): 

Polished forffler with much 
courtroom tension. Glenn 




Booking open for 
performances of Howard 
Blake's The Snowman. Verdi's 
Requiem by Royal 
Phffitarmonic Orchestra, St 
George's Day Concert and 
Jazz n' Joplin evening with 
London Ragtime Orchestra. 
Barbican Centre. StBf 
Street. London EC2 (01-638 
8891 or 01-628 8795). 

OPERA: Booking open for 
spring tour, with new 
productions of Otetto. 

Wozzeck and The Barber of . 

March 11-15(0792475775* 
Bristol Hippodrome, Match 

Oxford ApoBo Theatre, 
April andJune (08(5 


performance this season by 
Royal Opera, with Richard 
Van Allan and Rosalind . 
Plowright in production by 
Luchino Visconti. 7.30 tonight. 
Royal Opera House. Covent 
Garden. London WC2 (01-240- 
1066/1911). ■ 

StiPECTftAMP: Honourable 
survivors of foe dtecredked 
oft tar inve nt ing catchy tunes. 
Tonight and Mon, Atoert 
Hal Kensington Gore. London 
SW7 (01-589 8212). 

HOSE MUSONc A bona- 
fide Beat Generation hero 
whose short tour probably 

was not but might just as well 
have been, arranged as 
part of foa suffocating Thmk _ 
•50s" p romo ti on campaign W 
lor Absolute Begomers. 

Morv Comedy Store, 28 
Leicester Square. London W1 
(01*39 6fi65fcWed, Old 
Five Beds. Northampton (0604 
83109% ft. Ha* Moon, & 
Lower Richmond Road. 

London SWl5{pl-788 



DRAWINGS: Proof that foe 
hhprasstansts were 
draughtsmen as weO as 
colourists in atraveWng 
exhibition of work by such 
> as Degas, Manet and 


i a defence 

attorney who tefli in love 
with foe murder suspect {Jeff 
Bridges). Directed by 
Richard Marquand. 

Leicester Square Theatre 
(01 -930 5252). From Fri. . 

ECHO PARK (15): Three 
hapless people dream of foe 
big time m a Los Angeles 
tenement A witty, low-budget 
comedy, shot on location by 
the Austrian efirector Robert 

Cannon Tottenham Court 
Road {01-636 6148LFromFrL 


"RAN (15): Kurosawa's 
majestic variation on King 
Lear, awash with battles 
and apocalyptic sights; with 
Tatsuya Nadadai as the old. 
fraught king and excellent 
music by Toru Takemitsu. 
Curzon west End (01-439 
). Screen on foe H» (01- 


(01-221 0220). . 


Meryl Streep as the write 
Karen Blixen. experiencing 
love and hard times. 

Empire (01-437 1234). 


his Afro-Cuban pieces of foe 
1940s through busy ’50s . 

modernism to foe dense 

pol y rh y thms of his recent 
woric, these concerts present a 
rounded portrait of a great 
jazz composer. Russeti also 
conducts his talent-packed 
mufti-national 14-piece band 
with notable eten. 

Tonight Southport Arts 
Centre (0704 40011); 
tomorrow, Civic Theatre, 

Leeds (0532 462453); Wed, 
People's Th eatre. 

Newcastle (0632 321356). 

KURDS BLOW: One of foe 
first rappers to make an impact 
outside foe Bronx. How is 
currently enjoying success with 
the soundtrack to the 8m • • * 
Krush Groove, which seems to 
be therap era's Satisday 
Night Fever. 

: City, 

Nottingham (0602 412544); . 
Mon. Liverpool University 
(051 709 6022); Tues, 
Hacienda Club, Manchester 
(061 236 5051); Thurs, 

Peterborough (073345545)k» 

A shmo te an Museum, ... «■) 

Oxford (0865 57522} from 
Tubs.. ' 

GROWTH: Scutatess by 
Kenyan Jugihder Lamba. 
G uu i m c n w ea Bh Institute. 
Kensington Hteh Street, 

London, W8 (01-603 4535) ' 
from today. 

IABPOTTSt Watercolours 
inspired by a recent journey 
through foe Mediterranean. 
Brighton Museum, Church 
Street, Brighton (0273 603005 
ext 48) from Tues. 

174th annual exhibition from 
, foe Royal institute of 
Painters in Watercolours. O 
The Man Galleries. The 
Ma8. London SW1 (01- 
330 6844) from Thurs. 


MODERN ART: Personal 
selection bv the Tate Gaflery*s 
Keeper of foe Modem Ait. 
Ronald ARey. 

Tate Gallery, Mafoank, 

London. SW1 (01-821 1313). 

artists present movement - a 
mufti-media exhibition of 
work from the late 19fo century 
onwards. . . 

Barbican Centre, London, 

EC2 (01-638 5403) 

1 .. 




performance each this week of 
foe revived Visconti 
Trovatore, with Rosalind 
Plowright as the Leonora 
(tonight), and foe Hampe 
production of Ubaitxera di . 
SivigGa, with Mikael Metoye In 
foe title role (Mori). Both 
start at 7.30pm. 

Covert Garden, London. . ■ 

WC2 (01-240 1066), 

OPERA: Tonight and Thurs at 
7.30pm, Jean-Ctaude 
Auvra/s production of La 
Bahama. On Tues and Fri , . 
at 7pm Jonathan Miner's 
bookish Magic Flute. 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane. 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). 

OPERA: At Swansea this week 
touring their Otetto^ 
superbly staged by Pete Stein 
(Tuesand Fm. fow LMu 
Cfeitoi production ofCos/fen 
fufletwed and Mar 15), and 
their / Puritan!, directed by 
Andres Serban and with . 
Suzanne Murphy arid Dennis 
performances start at 7.1 5pm. 
Grand Thea tre. Swansea 

opportunity to See Weal's The 
Protagonist and The Czar . 
has hts Photograph taken is 
offered by Abbey Opera on 
Wed.Thtffs. Fn. and Mar 15 at 

Bloomsbury Theatre, 

Gordon Street, London WC1 
(01-387 9629V 



Theatre: Tc 
And Martin i 
Galleries: Sarah Jane 
- CbeiilaBd; Concerts 
■; Max Harrison; Opera: 

. Dance: Jebn Peccival; , 
v imfihtttY«neg 
Bookings: Ante 
Wbkefibase ■ • 

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V . ■*» 

\ \ --TV . - »s- 
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v< *<T>. 


Saturday march a 19^6 





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L4^ (-0.0035) ... 

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British Tetecom annnnnn^ 
in New York yesterday that it 
has signed a letter 
of intent with the ITT Corpo- 
ration to acquire its subsidiary 
ITT Dialcom. Completion is 
expectalneact month. 

. As part of the porch 
British Telecom will acquire 
all Dialcom’s electronic mail 
and messaging business, in- 
cluding relevant software, li- 
cences and copyrights. 

The . consideration, which 
will be paid in cad, will 
represent less than one per 
cent of British Telecom’s net 

£llm loss 

STC, the electronics compa- 
ny headed by Lord Keith of 
Castleacre, made a loss of 
£11.4 million before tax in the 
year to December 1985, 
against a profit of£14! million 
in 1984. Turnover was barely 
changed at £2 billion and there 
was no dividend. 

Tempos, page 24 

Murdoch deal 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, 
newspaper publisher. 


completed hts$LSS billion 
(£1.068 billion) purchase of 
six US television stations in 
New York, Washington, Las 
Angeles, Houston, Dallas and 
Chicago from Metromedia. ' 

Press change 

Mr John L Barrens has 
resigned from the board of the 
Press Association and will be 
succeeded by Sir Richard 
Storey, chairman of Ports- 
raouth and Stnnferiand News- 
paper .i '• • 

Gold Greenlees Trotfs offer 
for sale of 3 million shares has 
been oversubscribed. The al- 
lotment will be announced on 

Irving offer 

The formal offer document 
for Smith St Aubyn by Irving 
International Financing Omp 
estimates net tangible assets 
on February 27 of £8 motion, 
equivalent to about 37p an 
ordinary share. 

Site sold 

Glanfield Lawrence has ex- 
changed contracts for tire sale 
of hs freehold premises at 
Wakefield, Yorkshire, for 
£525,000, producing a surplus 
of £75,000 over tire valuation 
in the accounts. 



Farieom 120 up*? 

Utftaw Thomson 106 

Lonrfto 277^^8 

London and Manchester 832 op 23 
Pearl 418i*40 


Park Place Z78upffl 

Matthew Brown 456up25 

STC 130 up U 

Amstrad 428up38 

Manonah 527 uo 117 

Stainless Metal 145 down 10 

Geevor 50downl1 

Jaguar 443 down 7 

Fisons 483 down 13 

Merc House . 317 down 7 

263 down 12 
268 down6 
67 down 3 
514 downs 
70 down 30 

Fed lowers rate as Group 

its muscle 


Mitchell Cods 
Standard Chartered 

' TVom Bailey Morris . •" 

; Washington 

^ The US Federal Reserve 
Board, fallowing tire lead of 
West Germany and Japan, 
yesterday lowered the dis- 
count rate to 7 per cent as part 
of a general move towards 
lower interest rates which 
provides a vivid of 

the economic powerwiekted 
hy the Group of five nations. 

.Analysts said yesterday the 
widely rumoured discou nt 
rate cuts were proof that the 
Group of Rye nations 
achieved the convergence of 
economic policies they 
pledged themselves to atom 
when signing the now famous 
“Plaza Accord” to' lower the 
dollar on September 22 last 
year.- . 

The Federal Reserve’s an- 
nouncement that it was tower- 
ing the discount rate, in its 
first overt move to stimulate 
the economy through lower 
interest rates since test May, 
followed the surprising report 
that US unemployment 
jumped to 73 per cent test 
month from 6.7- per cent in . 
January. The inoease was the 
biggest since May 1980 and it 
took the Reagan administra- 
tion by surprise. 

Mr Beryl Sprinkel, chair- 
man of the Council of Eco- 
nomic Advisors, said 
yesterday: “We did not expect 
it to rise.” The White House 
issued a separate statement 
saying the February rise, the 
first since January test wasan 
“aberration” caused largely by 
bad Weather and flooding in- 
key sections of the country. 

“The unemployment pic- 

due to bad weather — were 
cited as the primary reason for 
the Federal Reserve’s decision 
to lower the discount rate 

Almost immediately, a 
wave of huge and small US 
banks responded to the cut in 
the rate they pay for their 

Federal Reserve policy of 
holding the 7.5 discount rate. 

Analysts said yesterday the 
fret that the dollar held steady 
in a middle range, avoiding a 
“crash landing” despite the 
interest rate cuts, was proof of 
the success of the co-ordina- 
tion achieved by the Group of 

foods by announcing reduc- Five nations which comprises 
tions in. their prune lending the United States, Britain, 

Mr Volche*: dissension 

tore is much better than the 
numbers alone would 
project,” claimed Mr Larry 
Speakes, the White House 

, The unemployment statis- 
tics — which revealed surpris- 
ing ; weakness in . the 
manufacturing i wtor in addi- 
tion to downturns in construc- 
tion and ener gy -related hiring 

rates to 9 per cent from 9.5 per 
cent. This is the rate banks 
charge their best customers. 
Morgan Guaranty, Chase 
Manhattan, Citibank and 
smaller banks such as 
Citizen’s National Bank in 
Leesburg, Florida, were 
among those to lower their 
prime tending rates. 

US long-term interest rates 
have been dropping sharply in 
recent weeks in response to 
the collapse of ofl prices which 
markets believed would give 
the Federal Reserve ample 
room to lower the discount 
rale Without, mufe rmining the 
dollar. But short-term rates 
had remained high of 

West Germany, Japan and 

Over the last week, there 
have been published reports of 
dissension among governors 
of the Federal Reserve Board 
which is chaired by Mr Paul 
Volcker. Four governors re- 
cently appointed by the Rea- 
gan administration have been 
pressing for lower interest 
raies and an easier monetary 
policy to stimulate the econo- 
my, but Mr Volcker has 
warned in recent weeks that 
the Central Bank had to be 
careful not to undermine the 
dollar and force it into a crash 
tending which would re ignite 

Bank of Japan’s second discount cut 

The - Bank of Japan is to cat 
Are official disenat rate by 
half a percentage point from 

The decision to cot the rate 
to 4 per cent was taken 
at i 
of the 

the cuts 

by West Germany and France. 

The test cat m tire official 
rate was made 40 days ago and 
this second reduction is the 
first tone the bank has made 

Rom David Watts, Tokyo 

cats fa sacb stent order. The 
reduction was toned to follow 
immediately after that in West 
Germany to prevent a possible 
shift of specaktfre money 
from the mark to the yen. 

The reduction wiD take the 
official dacoat rate to its 
lowest level since the spring of 

Bank aad postal savings 
interest rates are expected to 
fall abb. 

The central bank was com- 

pelled to act sot least by the 
confirming strength of toe yen 
which has been putting pres- 
sure on Japanese firms, partic- 
oterty the smaDer exporters. 

The Japanese government 
1ms been under renewed pres- 
sure at home to provide some 
fresh gtonpbw for the slowing 
domestic economy. A quarter- 
ly business survey by toe bank 
to be released shortly is ex- 
pected to show dear signs of a 

Tory MPs plan to give SIB 


Conservative .MPs, ' who 
am en de d the Financial Ser- 
vices BilL plan wide 
feu. the Securities and 
foetus Board. It would be able 
-tb investigate iniMw tfealmg 
and bring criminal prosecu- 
tions against unauthorized in- 
vcstin ent bnsm esses.. . 

The amendment on Thurs- 
day made the bond tire 
designated agency in the Bill 
to -which foe Secretary of 
State’s regulatory powers can 
be transferred. 

But there was some confu- 
sion about tire effect of the 
amendment to danse 96 of toe 
BilL There was also concern in 
the City that the amemlmwit 
would make the board more 
bureancratic and therefore less 
competent to perform its role 
as lynchpin of the planned 
self-regulatory system. . 

Mr Anthony Nielson, Con- 
servative MP fire Chichester, 
who proposed the amendment 
said that as tire SO stood. 

Qy Lawrence Lever 

even with the amendment, 
“there are a whole series of 
thing s that SIB can not do 
even when the Secretary of 
State’s powers are delegated to 

“We want to see that SIB 
can* investigate insider deal- 
ing. unauthorized investment 
activities and, in certain cases 
to be able to instigate criminal 
prosecutions,” he said. 

At present section 147 of the 
Bill gives toe Secretary of State 
power to appoint inspectors to 
investigate insider dealing, 
and the board can only refer to 
the police any investment 
busness which operates with- 
out authorization. 

Mr Nelson, who claimed to 
have substantial party sup- 
port, said that his aim was to 
produce a form of the board 
which would mean this or 
future governments did not 
have toestablish an SEC-type 
body. ■ 

There was confusion yester- 

day as to the exact effect of the 
amendment which merely in- 
volved an insertion of the 
board’s name, into clause 96 
of the Bill which allows the 
Secretary of State to delegate 
certain of his functions to a 
designated agency. 

A spokesman fire the board 
yesterday said that theamend- 
meut did . not, as some sup- 
posed, make it a statutory 
body, but merely gave it 
statutory recognition. 

“We have no extra powers," 
the spokesman said. “All that 
has happened is that the 
amendment has reduced tire 
Secretary of Stale’s discretion 
as to whom he can delegate bis 

Mr Gordon Pepper, a senior 
partner at stockbrokers W 
Greenweti A Co, said that the 
amendment, as a move to- 
wards a statutory body 
“would very seriously dis- 
courage practitioners from be- 
coming involved”. 

Ward White 
for Payless 

Mariey, the building materi- 
als group, yesterday agreed to 
sell its chain of 65 Payless DIY 
stores to Ward White, the 
expanding retail group, for 
£94 million. 

The deahmderpins a re- 
structuring by Mariey and 
completes a spending spree by 
Ward White, which has taken 
over Halids, the car accesso- 
ries group. Zodiac toy shops, 
and tire Owen Owen depart- 
ment store chain. 

Payless, which had a trading 
profit of £9.7 million last year, 
is Britain’s third largest DIY 

Ward White is partly fi- 
nancing the purchase — tire 
price is below market esti- 
mates — through a rights issue 
of p r e fe rence shares to raise 
£74.4 mflfion. 

Hanson urges Imperial 
bid comparison 

By Our City Staff 

In the continuing battle over 
the Imperial Group Lord Han- 
son yesterday accused Sir Hec- 
tor Laing, chairman of United 
Biscuits, of failing to tefl his 
shareholders bow United’s 
present bid compares with the 
Imperial's original proposals. 

In a letter to Sr Hector, 

Lord Hanson told him; “You 
and your board have Med to 
explain to your shareholders, 
how, for them, the offer for 
Imperial compares with tire 
original proposals”. 

He says that under the terms 
of ImpenaTs offer fire United, 

“ your shareholders would 
have received 42 per cent of 
the equity, a significant in- 
crease in capital value and a 
huge increase of dividend". 

In contrast, the present 
terms, according to Lord Han- 
son, meant that forma- United 
Biscuits shareholders “could 
now end up with no more than 
28 pear cent of tire equity and 
no assurance of any dividend 
beyond tire modest increase" 
proposed for 1985. 

Sir Hector immediately is- 
sued a statement in response to 
tire letter stating that; “By 
making hs offer fire Imperial, 
Hanson Trust effectively 
blocked the originally pro- 
posed merger between UB and 

“There is thus no point in 
comparing those proposals 

with theUB offer for Imperial 
since the farmer are no longer 
, available 

Grim legacy of tin collapse 

When toife* on finding * 
solution to toe tin crisis col- 
lapsed mi Thursday, mare sms 
lest than several months 
paimtifcag work, or tire 
chaaf» to prevent bankrupt- 
cies in the City, o r eg* 
thousands of jobsJn rnramg 
and ancillary industries 
With toe last hope of accord 
oa one of tile biggest 

toe long-cherished belief m 
agreements and 

as trnstwerthy debto rs. 

For toe key to toe cuss 
toe urisaiantHncst of the 

In ttfS Sl T^B CgBaca by 

its 22 member countries, and 
their subseoaesf rdoctaaet to 
pay tteSaO ndffien of debts 
accumulated fcf toe council 
U ansae the HC ****** 
successful. Atenporaty 

age of tm fetoeesriy 1978s 

By Michael Frost, Financial Correspondent 

tfo-niiiiing capadte exceeded happewd.^ On October 24 last 
SuutfTWnrc sfoutkw yea^ toe comrefl trigphwied 
was net to hmw toe price but toe IME to saytoat * codd 

to restrict expo «tt. Wtaff »o tagr wpjwt 

frfyoiMtntflted- and soon- Wfc® the size of the ITCs 

ex or later they mold have to 
he sold. Prices oo toe London 
Metal fPwhawg e r toe worio w 
main market for tin, began to 

drift down* - - 

. The HCV efforts ceneenr 
tnted on toe buffer stock, ran 
by its manager* Mr Pieter de 

dimension of toe disaster was 
obrious. In all, its tin posterns 
were worth £550 mBlfoa, most 
of the business bong wito half 
of the LMETs 26 members. 
The ITC also owed banks 
£350 minio n. Tin trading on 
toe LME was immediately 

nudity apte ams aaa m bev and sefl tin to suspended at £8^40 a tome. 

»P — ***** f^££LtoLi3 ceT Butftwas not ratflChnstraas 


to push prices CP- V*s***E 

by members of toe yeo**”* 
bat. xriticaBy, by other emm- 

ttoaSD® 1 ** 1 

beto to vegobie toe Price. 

As tire tin market became 
more precarious, the buffo: 
Stock'S involvement became 
sure complicated. Many tin 
dealers, most of them mem- 
bers of the LME, regarded the 
councS as a one-way bet; if toe 

price was faffing one could seO 
the ITC tin futures contracts 
in toe knowledge tout, as a 
government organization, it 
coold pay. 

For the TIT!, however, it was 
a dangerous game. The buffer 
stock could not buy tin indefi- 
fflijgjy without running out of 
™ And that «s j what 

But it was net until Christmas 
1985 that a workable plan was 
derised.The plan owed much 
to toe Bank of England. It 
persuaded Mr Peter Graham, 
senior deputy c hai rtn an of 
Standard Chartered Bank, ok 
of the ITCs creditors, to help. 

The plan em 
up a company, 

NewGo and latterly TmCo, 
which would take on all tire 
ITCs outstanding obligations. 
It would be financed by ITC 
member countries, the bankers 
and brokers, and the British 
Government, which had an 
interest in seeing peace hi tire 

City- In return, tire buffer 
stock would be wound up. 

A modest capitalization of 
£270 mflfiou was proposed. 
Bat even this was too much for 
the ITC members; they whit- 
tled their share from £200 
mflfm n to £115 million. 

At the last minute, however, 
Indonesia said that tire plan 
was unacceptable.The official 
reason was that TinCo could 
not work because there was too 
much tin about 

Privately, bankers ami bro- 
kers agreed. But for them any 
settlement was better than 
none. An estimated eight 
memb e rs of toe LME faced 
bankruptcy ff prices wot into 
freefalL Expats believe that 
prices could rearii £4J)Q0 a 
tonne or less. 

Unless a miraculous cure Is 
found, sucha collapse seems 
inevitable. The repercussions 
of brokers’ financial difficul- 
ties will be felt throughout tire 
City as a chain reaction of 
mutual debts is set off. The 
London Metal Exchange 
coaid be one of its bluest 

Argyll and 
lift stakes 
in Distillers 

Morgan Grenfell the mer- 
chant bank, has bought 825.000 
DistiOeis shares at 628p, it was 
revealed last night 

ft was acting as agent for 
Allied Irish Banks Group, Aus- 
tralia and New Zealand Bank- 
ing Group and tire British 
linen Rank which are deemed 
to be acting in concert with 
G uinn ess. 

Guinness and those acting in 
concert now own a total of 

37.950.000 Distillers’ shares, 
amounting to 10.4 per cent of 
the company. 

Argyll also bought Distillers’ 
shares, and it, together with 
persons deemed to be acting in 
concert, purchased 1,400,000 
shares on Thursday. They now 
own 46,360,000 shares, 
amounting to 12.77 per cent of 
tire company. 

The purchases were all made 
at prices between 628p and 
630p- Samuel Montagu and 
Charterhouse Japhet each 
bought 625,000 shares fix then- 
own accounts and Noble 
Grossart and Noble Grassart 
Investments each purchased 

75.000 shares for their own 

Neither Guinness nor Argyll 
Group is prepared to leave 
anything to nhanr** in then- 
struggle to annex Distillers: 
yesterday’s buying in the mar- 
ket proved that 

For the time being Guinness 
is dearly heartened by Mr 
Justice Macpherson’s rufing in 
tire High Court on Thursday 
that Sir Godfrey Le Quesne, 
chairman of the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission, had 
not exceeded his powers in 
personally laying aside the 
reference to foe MMC of the 
first Guinness bid. 

On the substantive issue 
whether Sir Godfrey was right 
in deciding that Guinness had 
abandoned its first set of 
proposals, the judge also found 
in Sir Godfrey's favour. 

Argyll has scheduled a knee- 
jerk appeal agahist the judg- 
ment m the Court of Appeal cm 

If Mr Macpherson is upheld, 
all eyes will then be focused on 
Sir Gordon Borne, tire Director 
General ofFah Trading: will he 
recommend referral of the 
second Guinness bid and if so, 
what would the political reac- 
tion be to a decision which 
would be instantly interpreted 
as tantamount to handing Dis- 
tillers over to Argyll? 

Meanwhile students of the 
detail of Argyll's tactics will be 
intrigued by the penultimate 
paragraph of Mr Macphersou’s 
judgment, “One of the 
exhibits," he noted, "had 
strange features." He thought 
that “it will be far better that the 
lesson which has quite plainly 
be learned by those involved 
should simply be allowed to be 

None the less, it was “vitally 
important that before 
affidavits_are sworn tire prove- 
nance of the exhibits and the 
troth of every word of the 
affidavit should be checked.” 

It would appear that D. J. 
Freeman, Argyll's solicitors, 
had had certain difficulties over 
a Department of Trade press 
release, which turned out not to 
have been anything of the kind. 
Very tense, these takeover bat- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

One point or two — 
that is the question 

There are two things of immediate 
significance about the round of 
interest rate cutting begun by the 
Bundesbank on Thursday and 
continued yesterday by the Bank of 
Japan and, with surprising alacrity, 
the Federal Reserve Board of the 
United States. 

One is that the talk of a co- 
ordinated interest rate strategy that 
emerged before the January Group of 
Five meeting in London and pooh- 
poohed by, among others, Nigel 
Lawson, is actually taking place. 

The Fed took the trouble in its 
statement accompanying the 
announcement of the cut in discount 
rate from 7.5 to 7 per cent to stress 
that it was acting “in the context of 
similar action by other important 
industrial countries'*. And, if a 
German rate cut on Thursday, fol- 
lowed by Japanese and American 
cuts on Friday does not smack of co- 
ordination, it is difficult to know 
what the word means. 

The second important point is that 
the industrialized countries are 
adjusting their monetary policies to a 
new era in which, thanks to the 
collapse of oil and other commodity 
prices, it is no longer necessary to 
overcompensate through very tight 
domestic monetary management 
Paul Volcker, the Fed chairman, is 
not worried about the dollar’s fall 
because it might rekindle US infla- 
tion. Instead, he is concerned that the 
dollar's decline could snowball to the 
point where it will be difficult 
keeping enough foreign capital in the 
US to cover the budget deficit 
As might be expected, the round of 
rate-cutting was broadly neutral in its 
effects on currencies. The US cut was 
the least anticipated of the three and 
there were market suggestion of some 
intervention to buoy the dollar 
around the time of the discount rate 

In the meantime, the pound, as it 
was yesterday afternoon, should con- 
tinue to benefit from the extra 
interest rate cushion provided by 
others* rate cuts. Apart from the 
Japanese and German moves, the 
Fed appears to have been influenced 
by some real economy news — the rise 
in US unemployment from 6.7 per 
cent in January to 7.3 per cent last 

The market is now hoping for 
substantive rate cuts timed to co- 
incide with the Budget, or perhaps 
even just ahead of March 18. One 
percentage point or two was the 
question taxing traders’ imaginations 
last night as they departed for the 
weekend, thrilled by the prospect of a 
major break in UK rates and gilt 
yields. Fears of poor money supply 
figures this coming Tuesday have 
temporarily abated as gilts stormed 

Some minutes after the Federal 
Reserve had acted. Chase Manhattan 
and Chemical Bark cut their Prime 
Rates to 9 per cent The move 
towards cheaper money in the US 
had an immediate galvanising effect 
on the sterling-dollar exchange rate, 
pushing it ahead to $1.46 and 

beyond. London now stands out as a 
conspicuous exception to the global 
round of rate cutting. 

The discount houses are starting to 
get the whiff of cheaper money in the 
air. They have been manifestly 
reluctant to offer longer dated paper 
this week to the authorities, as 
massive shortages have been taken 
out. Yesterday, the top accepted rate 
of discount on the Treasury bill 
tender fell sharply to 1 1.5 per cent 
from 11.8 per cent last week. The 
Government Broker conspicuously 
failed to appear at 3.30, to sell stock 
and tamp down the over-exuberant 
gilts market 

Buy on rumour, sell on news is 
normally a first-class maxim for 
traders in tricky markets. But with 
the prospect of even better news in 
the offing, the market's only likely 
response is to keep buying. And that 
means yields keep falling. 

Tokyo’s summit test 

The “sherpas” meeting outside Lon- 
don over toe weekend, in preparation 
for toe Tokyo economic summit at 
the beginning of May, will have more 
to discuss than the present gyrations 
of interest and exchange rates. 

That issue is ou toe back burner 
until after toe April meeting of the 
International Monetary Fund’s top 
committee of finance ministers, at 
which toe United States may con- 
descend to explain what President 
Reagan wants in toe way of an 
international monetary conference. 
Meanwhile, toe manoeuvres centre 
on give-and-take wito the summit's 
host, Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone. 

Before toe summit — probably in 
April — the Japanese will produce 
their usual “package” of import- 
boosting measures. 

This year, Mr Nakasone is under 
particular strain to make toe summit 
a success, both as host and because of 
his domestic need to demonstrate 
that the international stance he has 
taken pays dividends. His summit 
partners are suggesting that this 
depends on pre-summit moves that 
look credible in their countries, and 
could thus be enthusiastically wel- 
comed in Tokyo. 

In practice, what this seems to 
mean is that the usual Japanese 
package of small encouragements to 
imports of oranges, beef and biscuits, 
or minor amendments to financial 
market rules, will not do. 

Mr Nakasone has already gone 
further, towards a general commit- 
ment to expand domestic demand. 
His European partners want this 
translated, if not into specific import 
targets, at least into some view of toe 
likely increase in total imports that 
might result A quantified forecast 
seems to be toe likely compromise- 

To some extent these manoeuvres 
are mere window-dressing: stimuli to 
demand cannot be very fast-acting, 
and, meanwhile, toe fall in oil prices 
is likely further to increase Japan's 
vast surplus: figures in toe region of 
$65 billion for this year are already 
coming out of international models. 

Our fund 

plus the best 
of the rest. 

The newly formed Oppenheimer Unit Trust 
Portfolio Management Service will appeal to those 
investors with £10,000 or more who seek capital 
appreciation from a portfolio of unit trusts invested 
around the world. The advantages of this service for 
professional advisers include:- 

the team which in 1985 produced “excellent overall 
performance” -including the JNo-1 Unit Trust. 

MARKET INTELLIGENCE its our business to 
know our competitors and we will use this knowledge 
to select funds from over 120 other groups to make 
up at least half of the portfolio. 

with the ability to go totally into cash -currently not 
possible with a unit trust. 

OAE POIKT OF CONTACT providing simplified 
administration and regular valuations. 

To find out how the Oppenheimer Unit Trust Portfolio 
Management Service can benefit you and your clients 
call Graham Hunter on 01-236 2558/255^/2550. 

a MfcMEiH COUMW* '«£ 

.♦A Mercannk House Group 

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published on ibis page- if it matches you 
have won outnght or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of tour card. You must always have 
vour card available when claiming. 

No. | Gurney 


Broad advance 

ACCOUNT DAYS- D eal ing begin March 10. Dealings end March 27. §Ccratango day April 1. Settlement day, April 7. 

§Forward bargains arc permitted on two previous days. 

£ 2,000 

Claims required 


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Please make a note of your daily totals 
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5.7 304 21 

40 35 .. 
21 33 273 

22.1 44 105 

62 24 03 

85 57 104 
85 88 138 
25 r 25 15.1 
*.4 8.1 115 

43 45124 
43 83 93 
£4 X3 2S4 

63 74 138 
23 23 M3 

7.7 20 103 
£4 55 103 
. . a . . 264 
23 *2 70S 
93 43114 

183 33138 

6.1 95 134 

2S4 83 95 

93 25 114 

83 25 11.1 
537 5l5 74 
53 85 11.6 

100 28 128 

67 48 15.1 
105 53 123 

7.1 38 127 

54* 43 . . 

173 47 11.1 
77 33113 
07 28 . 

93 74 183 

193 S3 255 
157 13 182 

93 43 144 

68 43 105 
43 43 93 

184 54 S3 
IBS 35 120 
155 37 15.4 

&0 S3 195 

11.1 54 117 
85 50 11.7 

107 as 105 

n n\s 

117 27 177 
214 44143 

74 54 121 
113 3.1111 
13 24 95 
inn S3 291 

194 S3 114 

104 40 147 

17a 85 73 

84 30 181 
14a 13 184 

45* 13 173 

45 23 154 

335 220 
405 235 
235 3* 

970 10 0 

96 33 

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48 18 

283 170 
103* TB* 

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488 238 
44 24 

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205 115 
180 Til', 

218 114 
21 'i 13% DO 
188 86 
80 32 

288 120 
790 1*2 
533 382 
88 71 
no 21 
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187 197 
118 74 

21 *. 10 *. 

230 16* 

400 08 
4S< 301 
IBS 1<9 
365 16a 
278 158 
308 173 
MO 236 LOO 
270 150 Did 
392 24* VO 
250 123 Veto 
06 <0 Wasta 

103 59 

325 220 

40* 73 41.4 

ai as .. 

1.1 XT 87 
193 7.4 115 
75 7.7 185 
11 27 83 

24 0.4 281 

14 83 73 
575 35 .. 

74 39 104 

74 S3 74 

84 XI 173 

XI 22 204 
. . . . 183 

43 23128 
87 X7 11 3 
284 5.4 113 
XI 27 164 
04 15 84 

85 X9 114 
03 05404 

WO 5.1 143 

25 27 S3 
254 S3 171 

55 94 92 
24 05 198 

75 25 235 

15 83133 

53 Xi XI 
81 54 1X5 

27 07 903 

114 45105 
3J 85 14.1 
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1ft 21ft 






3ft 1X4 





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47 530 







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27 21.7 



72 53 



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44 lift 






6ft 03 










1.7 r 



133 * 




35 Uft 


Do 8% Cm 

Cl 82* • -2 


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04 124 






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4 4 110 





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25 184 



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Johnson Chaim 


a m 


55 Uft 



Johnson Mutiay 




04 213 



Johnson X FB 



.. 143 





Sft 173 






45 lift 






5ft T2J 




2 ft 1 

lift 84 







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Krnnady Sntfe 


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44 *. 23 '* 
256 121 
383 273 
260 100 
130 78 
104 SIS 
12B 100 
135 104 
84 9 ‘: 

113 79 

275 22 * 
in 131 
168 112 
20 14 

151 118 
120 02 
227 150 
27 * 17 S 
144 86 

488 918 
101 '. 51 
10 630 
393 270 
121 84 

198 <100 

Anchor Chemical 



Br Bareol 

Cawin g (W) 

Castas fto* 


Gary (Worsen* 
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Bh * Et w rt 
Fowc c tfnaap 
Habasad (Janes) 
Hoachst OMJO 
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BoMmx* Mdgs 
Wc+nenncfcn* RMk 
Vorttuva Cnsra 

♦% 400 


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♦12 SI 
♦1 35 


-2 100 


I .. 81 

<8 113 

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♦5 21.4 


-3 105 


♦11 33 

-2 35 

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-3 11.1 

♦1 43 




Angle TV 'A 1 


+6 129 











11 B 



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LOT iadoa 


.. 20.6 





Seta TVW' 


.. 127 







• .. 114 

6 ft 










Tran 10 % 
Com 9*% 
Tress 1 *% 
Com 10 % 
E*eh «* 
Tram 9 %% 
Haas ion. 
ureas is*% 
Tiaas 1151 . 
Trees 10 % 
Fund 3*% 
Com 9'r% 
Com fl'A 
Exqfi 10 't% 
Trass 12VA 
Trees 8% 
Trees 11«.% 
Trees 13*316 
Trses 5 'j% 
Trees V£. 
BU 31 12 % 


06 48 . 

321 194'1 . 

' 10 ': a% 

<60 225 
15'.- B'j 
290 215 
<44 351 ■* 
512 332 
470 380 
548 <23 
Si »■» 
SO”. 17*. 
42 27*. 

72 32 

73 27 

107 '? 42 ’. 
25* TOO 
197 7 *i; 

372 248 

82 55 

3 <a 131 
91 12? 

390 273 
99 61 '. 

Bank Of Ireland 
Bar* Lewi* isratf 
Bat* Laum UK 
Bar* Of Seoeana 

Com Bar* WMaa 


IB U't 
399 193 
80 56 

121 92 

. 21'. 13*. 

Garrard Nm 
Gumma Peal 
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Mawy Soa 

MB AuS B 0 
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mnsciXi mi m 
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93 36 .. 
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150 53 . . 

183 6.7 1(3 
IB-Qr 46 94 
280 55 75 
133 £5201 
413 7.9 1X7 
23 4.6 172 
384 113 .. 

a y « 

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63 01 .. 
200 43 .. 
43 23 11.1 

183 57 194 

2.7 34 128 

93 41 197 

96.7 XI 253 

173 <4 103 

174 43 2t3 
113 7 0 203 
21 4r 28 140 
303 57 *7 

2.1 58 1X7 

22* 27 1X0 
384 75 281 

403 53 53 
550 53 226 
183 45 113 

1.8 25 208 
63 54 14ft 



317 340 


33 Uft 




20 31.1 

24 4£3 




24 293 
24 1X1 




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20 31.4 

70 XS 



XI 114 




42 2S7 


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10 334 




21 2X7 



21 239 



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40 XS 



23 225 


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45 3X0 


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£7 1X2 



14 2X3 


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XI 143 



33 333 



63 B.1 



83 150 

94 11.4 



7.1 17.7 



X9 2R7 




43 272 




27 B.1 



12 3X7 


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27 272 


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15 4X6 






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15 32ft 


05 303 


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XI 193 

20 3X6 




25 .. 



33 36.0 









75 200 




• +4 


28 204 
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40 2X7 




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14 90.1 


29 D 03 102 




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13 323 



17.1 r 3ft 1X6 




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537 17 b AB Beet 313 . . 114 XO 2 X 4 

434 £3 «|*B 428 0*39 18 04 X 24 

295 43 *Oncot conemnri 99 ♦!* £l 2.1 7.8 

90 28 Ar«m 85 

303 185 Attain: Comp 265 24 03 147 

60 25 Auoo Raaatr 4 -3 . . . 153 

JOO 138 Auto Sac 170 .13 1.1 1X3 

313 1B5 BICC 313 *3 151 48 1X1 

146 88 Ban 6 WA A* 118 
IBS 128 Boomy 6 Htakas OB 
130 90 amKUMwr W6 

» 22 campta 58 

235 T70 dirysjfc 706 

433 231 RmLmsun 422 

K'r 5 IV CM 

81 35 Matftargm Brooks 70 

1*6 78 Konzon Trwaf 115 
1*0 93 Ulaa* ' 124 
231 65 Jutaaa a Hogs « 

205 124 ll.ilniMNr 156 

3«J 1*1 WtaiU—8 323 
388 361 Ratayusaal 961 
6* 32 Mar Lmauta . V 
22B W Sjgi HtfrMvs 217 
310 B3'j SsSuammGD 306 
BO 51 Tooannan Haapa S3 
1S3 92 Zaoats 148 

. 9 ;. Itt 
73 72 82 
14 £5 i*3 
83 XJ 1X5 
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83 85 224 
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73 81 103 

83 ZS19L5 

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ISO 80 
244 tit 
470 390 
174 131 
156 122 

08 a 

290 195 
225 1« 
2*0 173 
480 430 
B83 SOPi 
168 138 
Z3B 85 
43 n*; 

TT9 V 


685 303 


f g *2. 

m 2s 

195 ISO 
IK 140 
248 M* 
15* W* 
520 430 . 
515 418 
183 S3 
360 T* 
8*0 444 
32S 255 
HO 65 
315 262 
64 35 ‘i 

332 255. 
60S 108 
206 102* 
328 2X2. 
171 11* 

470 ZBS 
97 78 
2 * 12 
82 7T>'« 

51 28 

an 230 

202 176 
132 102 
125 90 

10 7 

445 65 
400 190 
297 210 
186 142 . 

92 78 

175 125 
325 175 
184 144 
570 405 
00 54 

50 38 

240 180 
605 480 
745 525 
610 410 
■* 17 M*Ur 
183 140 Wait 

470 1*1 Aaaoc t* Pens 470 

379 226 Br OoRanumaUSi 378 

398 208 camdena 358 

121 ■ Hm ummft 88 

050 520 Qtato 683 

as 52 Jacobs M 58 

22 *>i ime 10 

O 17 Mereer Docks 38 

209 120 Ocean Transport 197 

328 338 P J a Did 528 

110 75 Rimcmn (PMai) 104 

430 35 TurrtU Scop 375 

*3 125 X7 . . 

*H 63 17 2X3 

♦5 XI 17 788 
*2 ft* 13 
.. 17ft 32 27.0 
.. ftl 

• 1J6 

♦1 BA *3 14ft 
4-W 200 38 182 
XI ft* 309 
129 £4 30.9 






27 13ft 

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Ha* Jam Su 



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Lambert Hwta 





Nmrttad 5 Buton 





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32 247 

285 +10 

78 *1 

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147 • 

197 • 

144 e .. 

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138 9 .. 

783 • 

47 +1 

198 -4 

431 +1 

E 2 S -* 

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172 • .. 


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442 416 

113 **3 
21B *6 

82 • .. 


38 -1 

250 -2 

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32 -a 


48S +1* 

158 +1 

248 9*2 

473 • 

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86 -1 



5ft 2523ft 
04 1.2 225 

ft* 22 225 
&7 £7 IM 
■ft XI 122 
43 2ft S3 
6.7 41 1X1 
43 3ft Tift 
3ft 42 .. 
5ft XI BA 
.. .. 2X0 

2X8 5ft 117 
17ft 40 142 
33 2987.0 
17.1 8ft 45 
BS 105 U 

12ft 5ft 91 

.. ..302 

. XO 24 207 

no 70 xo 
1X8 3ft 227 

4ft 1 t ft 127 
9ft 2ft 222 

03 4ft BJD 
XSr 4ft fX4 
XI r 3ft 1XS 
29 3ft 148 


385 755 6AT 

323 MSZ IqU : - . 

a» 111 RoCimans -B- 

-S" 13ft 43 7.8 
., 17,1 &3 lift 

+1- -9i *0 5ft 

129 81 Amptf - 108 -a .. . 

62 18 Ann Energy IS -1 

7B 17 Mane HeeoiaeM 17 ., .. .. 

610 470 &? MUeun Sfi »*1 *28 9ft XO 

32 J Brtatf CM B -1 . n . . . 

350 295 B Somes 5S +3 2X4 X0 121 

2(3 168 MM - 173 —2 18ft 108 47 

355 200 Birtrti >329 *3 IS.* 4.7 124 

178 70 CertHSCm ra -3 .as-. 33 8.1 

* W '<*&*<* * E» 8 B b’Fomcag dwmgdd 0 
P ncu_« MBnm mynnm posMd 1 Pnco *t 
- susperaon q DMtfend sne yiotd txdude’ i spscW 
Daymen h Sd tar com 1*117* Pra^ninr SaKsii 
p *52*** «fa»«wtiwr^ri5rts 
siwe «Mt t Tu-fr» r Pnc* idpaUo tf 
tv tola doejmm. . , *}q tiqnficant. dan. - - 



(Rented fa 

*&x**tkmot « dbeount rate 
“^«*s «dy onHunsday 
«Bf W* fte 
1,700 toy! ofieDow Jones 

mOBSmuawnn • 



J^ ne, * d » Hess led the 
acbves, down 3* at 19 s *. It 

OBs were, mostly lower on 
coweres related to Agenda's 

trajdm> said. Bot . 

gained and tecbndogy iranes 
rebranded from recent losses. 

The . Dow Jones industrial 
average, which was np 14 to 
1,701 at one stagey dosed at 
1^9M^np93? . 

The American Sock Ex- 
change prices closed at a new 
high m moderate trading. . . 

The Amex market raise 
index rose I M to 2S8R6 and 
the price of an av erag e share 
rose eight cents. 

hi I a ;1 ■ 1 : [c-j-H -,»J J.1 ; 1 »J i?] ;V.7J ; ) »I;M iy 

l I II 



during Banks 12% 
Phones House 13 


Wbo k m wtlzk 

t Loans* 

13 Low 12* 

7 days 7%-7”» 


f^SiS 12 *m 2ron& 11 ®i* 

.3mrth tl 1 ** 

3 forth 11% 

t iretth t2»w-12K 2mnth 
3nwTtb11*s»-n* Bmnth 1t»w10*ia 

Tiwte BWajDtoxrt %) 

1 mnth 12'ja 2 ninth 12 "a 



ImOrth 7 "*pm 
6 months 7%-7% 
cal M 

Imortn 4’»4»r» 

1 morth 18>4-15% 
6 months 1354-1 2% 
caT 2%-1% 

1 month 3X-9H 
eaN 64 

1 month 8%-6 




FA! .. 

Vs,. if. 









Cash 382.00-38X00 

Thw Months . 3934039440 


Cash 7S7.00-788.00 

Three Months . 816.00-817.00 

1*4 .00-30.00 


7 days 4 ’uhW* 
3moxhs4 T j»-*fr» 
French Franc 
7 days 15-14 
3 months 14K-14X 
hafaa Trenr 
7 days 2%-2% 

7 days SU-6K 


earth ii"- 

1 week 12 14 »-i2 a t*6mnth 11 «» 

1 mnch 12%-f2*ta*- 
3mnth12 J «j-12’w 12mtti 1154-11% 

Local Authority Oopertta <*) 

2 days 12% 7 days 12S 

1 mnth 12 % - 3 math 12 

Bmnth 11 % 12 m» 11 

Krugerrand* (par coin t 
S a&75-34555 (£23a2MS7-2S) 

Argentina aurtnar _ 
AustraSa doaar 

Bahrain dtnar 
Sfnzfcatzftro" „ — 


Greece drachma _ 
Hong Kong defer — 

Inda rupee 

Iraq dim 

Kuwait dinar KO — 

Malaysia dollar 

Mexico peso _____ 
New Zealand ctaSar . 
Saudi Arabia rtyal — 
Singapore dollar — 
South Africa rend — 

_ 1.1644-1.1871 
_ 2U7 *8-2. 0793 
_ 054404X5480 


_ 0.73S04X74M 
_ 7.4320-7.4720 

— 20350-205*0 
„ 11^62-11^72 



_ 0.41154). 4155 
_ 16707-Lft < t 

_ 52885-53035 

— 3.1409-3.1446 
_ 2-8938-2*072 
_ 55980*3380 




Eper »nne 

July 88 784.0-749 0 749.0 
OctBG 860.0-8555 8555 



Local A rthortty D cc 

1 mnth 12V4-12* 

3 mnth 12%-12% 

9 mnth 12-11% 


Bmnth 11)4-11% 

ImSi 7jS&£0 

Bmnth 756-750 

2raoh 13-12% 
Stmh 1214-12% 
lamth 11%-11% 

3mnth 12 - 1 1% 
12 rath 11%-11 

3 mnth 75D755 
12 mSi 755-750 

Fixed Rats Storting Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate tar 
Interest petted February 5 1988 to 
March 4 1966 Incteatwc 12554 par 


'104 B7 


323 2<5 
184 123 

i 2 q aa 

111 83 

1ti4 IS 
aah 47'? 
33* SB 
400 312 

3 3 

Mar 85 8756 

Jun 86 8850 

Sep 06 8944 • 

Doc 86 _ 8650 

Prranoua day’s total open Interest 1 2237 

Three Worth Ereodrtlar 

Mar 88 ; fZM 

Jun 86 9258 

Sap86 M57 

Dec 86— — _ 9253 

US Duatiiy flood 

MarS—!! 95-27 

Jur 85 95-15 

Sep 86 N/T 

Short Git 
Mar 86 

Long Git 

Marto — 


Sep 88 

Dec 86 


Mar 88 

Jim 86 

HU Uw Ctoea EstVal 

SsTo 8755 8853 468 

89.12 8850 • 88.TO 2968 

8955 8944 89.47 195 

8956 89.77 8951 165 

Prevteus day’s total open irearettl 9092 
9259 92.43 9255 677 

8270 9258 9252 6238 

8257 9256 9256 1030 

9253 9243 9257 137 

Pmixa dry’s aotar open Marast*774 
96-12 94-05 94-14 140 

95-31 93-10 94-00 13828 , 

93-13 0 

Previous da/a trtajopan Manaat 864 

994)0 98-48 98-48 507 ‘ 


Pravloua dart tortl span internet 8946 
117-25 117-65 IITOO 418 

11826 117-21 • 117-28 8522 

118-16 0 
118-16 0 

Previous day's total open intarest 1518 
15755 15620 15620 427 

159.60 15820 156.16 125 

199 180 
m aa 
138 >3103 
322 254 
148 IM 
83 85 

122 91 

133 85 

97 7B 
1B7 122 
257 1SG 
298 242 
5B0 415 
1B1 1»7*? 
308 233 
109 76 

120 100 
580 405 
t36 105 
.134 tOO 
tS3 120 
358 268 
BO 59 
121 91 
IS 115 
MB 87 
297 230 

Amor Trust 

rumris Asms 

Br Emp™ Bee 
Brtasn tm 

Cmctta Jam 
Dertty Inc 
Do cag 
Drayton Cora 
Draym Nr East 

DrYyt» Jsptn 
Drayton Pranar 
DlRM Lon 
Erti Aoier Aaatt 
BMrtt t^n 
EnpbH Scat 
Ens Milt 

fit ASena 
F« CPSOtc 

FS%eot Alt* 
First Ui Geo 

Renwig Ctarer 
Remng Ejnarpn** 
n ettin g Fit EM 
Bewng Red^tg 
Ftonmq Japan 

nn^.i l *iii iiiiA 

wrong nvcsnmQ 

Hmeg Orereeas 
Renng Tech 

FVrrwxj UoreraU 

h* Cd 


Ganatll Finds 
Qanarel Ceos 

104 a 4i 
713 +3 

323 +1 

163 • .. 

110 1 ? +>» 


31 ’« 


88 *41 

90 m .. 

m »4i 

ns e-4 

IS- 48 

as 41 
IS *41 
631 *43 

513 41 


is 1 ? 4i 



82 “7 4"? 

121 • .. 


257 44 



628 *43 

UI 42 

306 *42 

99 'j +•? 


129 «41 


358- 43 

80 +-? 
102 • 41 

MB •+! 
143 8.. 

3 1 r 34)403 
Sin 37 3*0 

43 31 354) 
&9 28494 

44 27 51.6 

(L6 0.7 .. 

OB r 35 414 

<5 ai .. 

27 46 3Z.7 

0.7 22 428 

229 r 53245 
21 25 409 

23 r 27 985 
900 r 4135.1 
05 M .. 
120 10.1 140 

VL3 *4 312 
15 lO . . 
14 03 .. 
102 25 400 

7.7 <0 342 

09 02 79.1 

48r 33 SB 
56 r 1.7 722 
SO 3.4 429 
2J3 24 494 
08 3J>*7& 

23 16 733 

25 2G54J 
Ur 1.1 373 

113r 4^4 372 
M3 43 206 
07 73 101 
82 12 81.1 

129 r 42 374 
U 15 005 

28 20402 

5.7 IP .. 

Sf iS 55 I 

29 20 42.7 

23 22 SI 
7 1 r 20 427 
£1 28 520 

V>t >4 
29 20 AM 

159/54 SI 

605 250 
Sl'i S*. 
46 19 

95 32 
IS 88 

17 ’■< 050 
142 113 
102 73 

248 178 
05 EO 
485 350 

96 SB 
IS 44 


in is 

405 300 
875 368 
389 217 
113 75 
41 16 

211 S3 


AfefOfd S Snvtm 680 SO 

Amenren Express EAS’i +*■ 

Aagyla 43‘i e + ‘i 14 

Bmanna Mow 
Oa* MM 
On -A 
Eng Trust 


Gnom (DA II) 

Hvcareon Adnm 




M airen a w Hmee 
Penfcc in* T«i 
Do Warrants 
Emm Brathare 

.. GO 42 102 
. . <83 29 120 

683 39 125 

.. 54 29354 

I . . <0 40 129 

45 45 20 173 

30 26 14.7 
410 7.1 13 226 

. . 5.7 6 5 122 

).. 23 28 252 

.. 25.7 r 22 170 

.. 129 7 0 75 

.. S3 63 9 6 
» . . 21.4 2.8 23 i 

I -10 183 55 6.7 
.. 03 05771 

42 93 49 223 

Prices on this page refer 
to Thursday's trading 


Bkt Otter Qmg YU 

Hd CXter Ohng YM 

OH Otter Chng YU 

Bri Otter CMg 

BU Otter Ceng 

Brd Otter cmg ** 

131. Nreney Pajn 
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1502 1570* 
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40.1 aw 


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1228 1313 
1015 1103 


101* 1087 

487 121 
489 120 

412 120 

413 270 
418 270 

IS. Hop* Bract. Gtetgrw GZ 2UH 
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409 3*3 

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3580 3535 
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01-623 4200 Ext 259 

M8 UK 1923 20*5 40* 310 

Do ACCan 3073 327* 410 3.10 

nr Omraaoa 5164 5*04* +** i io 

Do Aeon 629.7 aaa*e +6* 1.10 

Far Earn Ace 609 $**• *03 830 

Dp DM GO* 6*3* 41* 830 

Airman Acc 553 583 403 130 

Op DM MS 583 403 1 JO 


TO Box «. Nmnch NH1 3NQ 

0603 822200 

Group That El 1*6 11*7* 40*2 3*2 

ted that 117* 123* 403 139 

68. Cannon SteM. UmPon EC4N 6AE 
draangt 01-236 3B85W7jam> 
a — re act*! Groan 126* 1357 414 0*0 

tecona 3 Greart 563 602 4l* 300 

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A Greath 326 3*3* - . 870 

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UK urowth 505 5** 4(18 030 

Padfic OnwOl 37* 403 *88 010 

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Practical nccme 484 Sl5c 482 230 

Do Aoarn . .87* 926c 404 230 

2S2 WM HPtem. WC1V 7BB 

4U 0*0 
41* 3100 
40* 4.40 

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488 .. 

01-405 8*41 
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income Fred 


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Do Accum 

832 8*5 
1230 1388 
110* 117* 
1M.1 1213 
1141 1214 
1179 1253 
201* 2144 

40 * 2*0 
489 250 
40* 427 
413 272 
412 1.72 
48* 332 
40* 332 

-18 138 
425 5.15 

48* 132 
-83 039 
405 085 
.. 1 JJ7 
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*8. Han Street, Hanley On TMmpE 

0191 578968 

IrmOroaOi ' 2a53 2832 

(ncocna 1763 1894 

wertowrienaa 139 0 1492* 
Anar Growth 66* 717* 

bW Eoarg Col 742 79.7 

Far Earn Graft 59.7 841 

Eurapaan (ten 523 582 

aajww^Bte. London EC2 

te WNonrt 98* 106* 

wgi fncoma 1641 1740 

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Nr EKtam 1295 13Uc 

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Technology 112* 121.0 

Em tecona 772 BUe 

51-89. Btoni HL Btord ES9U. Cl 20L 
01-478 3377 

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Hateorn btj 847 981* 487 a7S 

Jaanasv 680 TO*# 487 805 

N Aoaoc* 610 070 +81 1-89 

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Hoteom Bierowte 772 B2.1# 483 237 

Hoteom Gte Tore 1708 177* 481 863 

rm ? 1 

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31-45 GretetEh SL Lonoon EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Quadrat Gan*# 3916 41BB .. 3.15 

Quadrat team 71 7 j 231* .. 5.74 

QuKtrar* Ml Fd SSI. 7 3703 .. 118 

Ojadrart Haoreary 237* 2S27B . . 23* 

Si SaSHra Uaw. London EC4P 4DU 


NC Amenta tec 283* 2602 HI* 108 

DO Accm 2B13 351 J *5.7 156 

NC BMW Rra 13** 14*1 -81 2*3 

NC Income 84J 88* -4)1 330 

NC Jipm 1432 15 2 3 423 030 

NCSmrtarCM 12SB 1338# +87 230 

« So* 6400 C0 » MBS 157* +t.7 040 

NCEranW 04 £121*1200 .. 7*6 

NC Araff Plop 511*7 12.16 -- .. 

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33 King h*am Smt Idndsn BC« 8 as 

Secuntau (a 


Rnd Wares 
Mi wares 

Fs East ca 

2120 2100 *05 2*3 

6620 5770# .. 2*2 

MOO MOS .. 007 
352* 3605 -10 2.10 

1600 187.0c +2* 2*5 

1210 1228 c + 1 * 12*0 
1640 1675 .. 030 

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Pactc Baste T« 309 32* 



j.' ..... . .... : . .. . . ...... . . 'A-y.y. 




Oil slide raises doubts 
on Tricentrol payout 

Times are tough at 
! Tricentrol when there is no 
hospitality suite at the Insti- 
tute of Petroleum annua? 
bunfighL Even the outing to 
Henley looks to be in doubt 
this year. 

Exploration shares are nev- 
er tipped as income stocks 
and Tricentrol is no excep- 
tion. Yet, if it sticks to its 
undertaking made at the time 
of the convertible rights issue 
that, in the absence of unfore- 
seen circumstances, it would 
maintain its 1985 dividend at 
the same level as 1984, 
Tri central's shares are now 
yielding 12.9 per cent at the 
current price of 1 1 lp. 

In common with all the 
pure oil and gas exploration 
companies. Tricentrol is not 
enjoying the effects of the 
falling oil price. It is particu- 
larly painful when there are 
interest and dividend pay- 
ments to be made, and big 
capital spending commit- 
ments on development and 


Of course, it all depends on 
where the oil price goes from 
here - but the sterling price 
for Brent is now less than £1 1 
per barrel, not much more 
than half the average price 
realized during 1985 of 

Assuming no further price 
fells, the company will be 
hard-pressed not to show a 
pretax loss in 1986 after 
depreciation and interest 
charges, while cash flow may 
only be £30 million, half of 
what is expected to be an- 
nounced for 1985. 

As with all oil companies 
with huge capital spending 
programmes, much of it is 
discretionary, although a too- 
hasty scramble out of a felling 
market can be costly. 

Tricentrol can reduce its 
commitments by sales, farm- 
outs and by deferring its 
exploration. By this means, 
its capital expenditure could 
be significantly reduced from 
the estimated '£55 million in 

With all the stops pulled 
out to match spending with 
income, borrowings in 1986 
will still increase by about 
£10 million (the amount 
required for the Witch Farm 
development) unless it sells 
its share of the Amethyst gas 
field in the North Sea. This is 
likely to fetch about £30 
million. Until it is sold, 
interest charges will remain a 
serious drain on resources. 

j EknoO. Enwprtw 1.31 

■■■ , iL^SWOS7rtt»nirel»«f# 

1984 1985 w 

Soict* Wood Mtrttmria 

Which brings us back to the 
dividend. Unlike interest 
charges, dividends arc not 
immutable. The much di- 
minished oil price could 
qualify as an “unforeseen 
rircumsiance'’. permitting a 
cut in the final. 

On the other hand, the 
1985 results due on March 27 
will be feirly good, reflecting 
last year's oil prices and the 
directors are likely to feel 
bound to maintain the divi- 

Investors cannot be so 
sanguine about next year's 
dividend. It looks as if it will 
have to be paid out of the 
proceeds of the sale of Ame- 
thysi and it could be cut by 50 
per cent or more. 


Every time STC has a 
review’ or reappraisal the 
news gels worse. Yesterday it 
announced that further re- 
assessment of the business had 
led to yet more ration- 
alization costs and write 
downs, costing £109 million 
for the whole of last year. 

The net result was a £58 
million bottom line loss. 

Even Lord Keith, the chair- 
man. was forced to describe 
the year as most unsatisfac- 

For specific information on 
how far costs have been 
reduced, what the group 
plans to sell and exactly how 
the £109 million exceptional 
and extraordinary items were 
made up. shareholders must 
wait for the report and ac- 

If the document does not 
include this detail, they might 
conclude that the new board 
does not know the answers. 

The £67 million exception- 
al item covers rationalization 
costs at the continuing activi- 
ties. including 5,500 redun- 
dancies. The £42 million 
extraordinary charge includes 
write downs of certain busi- 
nesses which are up for sale. 

As only half the £109 

million was actually spent 
last year, it is difficult to see 
how the company can be 
certain of the precise figure. 

It must hope that these 
provisions will (dear the deck 
at least in accounting terms. 
Yesterday's figures confirm 
just how much more action is 

Trading profits were down 
from £171 million to £92.7 
million but because the com- 
pany has changed the way it 
presen is the divisional figures 
since the interim stage it is 
impossible to see exactly 
which activity was responsi- 

But it is clear that ICL, 
bought in September 1984, is 
now propping up the group. It 
contributed 76 per cent of the 
total operating profit. 

Meanwhile the company 
succeeded in reversing the 
cash outflow in the second 
half, through strenous cuts in 
capital spending, stock reduc- 
tions and disposals. At the 
year end borrowings stood at 
£2 1 1 million or 45 per cent of 
shareholders' fundi 

That is hardly enough to 
support the share price at its 
current level At 132p, up 
from 1 !6p, buyers are flying 
on a wing and prayer. But 
then they are in good compa- 
ny, with the board seemingly 
doing much the same. 


It seems that share prices still | 
do not discount bids. Yester- i 
day the announcement from : 
Martonair that it had re* 
ceived an approach from IMI 
added 35 per cent to its price, 
taking it from 408p to 550p. 

That, it seems, was the 
intention. IMI, the drinks 
dispenser and titanium sup- 
plier. had approached 
Martonair, but it was never- 
theless surprised to see the 
announcement as the talks 
had not become serious. 
However, a takeover, which 
after yesterday’s rise would 
cost more than £70 million, 
would be attractive to IMI 
because Martonair has 25 per 
cent of the home market for 
pneumatic control equip- 

Martonair confidently as- 
serts that it would be attrac- 
tive to other companies. BTR 
and Hawker Siddeley are 
thought to be interested, but 
an exit multiple in the high 
teens could put them off. 

strengthen their position is the 
£125 milli on a year British wmt 
market, two group offshoots. 
Vine Products and Whfceways, 
are to merge on June 22. 
Amalgamation of the sales 
forces will extend the markets 
which these businesses reach, 
particularly in off-trade outlets. 

The group has sold Coventry 
House, at the corner of 
Haymarket and Coventry 
Street, London, to a private 
company for £5.25 million. It 
has also sold its leasehold 
interest in St Albans House, 
H aymar ket, for £l million. 

9 FIFE INDMAR: Results for 
I98S (comparisons restated). 
Final dividend 2.75p, payable 
on April 28. making 3.5p (3-Sp 
adjusted). Turnover £14-21 mil- 
lion (£12.89 minion). Pretax 
profit £318,000 (£332.000). 
Earnings per share 3-69p 

months to March 5, 1986. 
Interim dividend 65.33p 
(64.18p). Gross revenue £1.32 
million (£814,000). Net revenue 
£946,000 (£744.000). 

dividend 3.75p, making 6.75p 
(4.8p adjusted) for 1985. Turn- 
over £5.74 million. (£5.6 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £1 million 
(£770,000). Earnings per share 

< 1 6. Sp (16.7p adjusted). 

• SPP: Final dividend 2p (nil) 
for 1985. as foreshadowed in the 
prospectus. Turnover £325 mil- 
lion (£30.48 million). Profit 
before tax £2.74 million (£1.96 
million), compared with the 
£2.6 million forecast in the 
prospectus. Orders show a 
significant increase, the board 

subsidiary, Ravenside Invest- 
ments, has acquired the Texas 
bulk unit at Edgware Rd, West 
Hendon, London, from Texas 
Homecare and leased it back at 
£6215 per sq ft. In Manchester 
Rd, Bolton, Lancashire, it has 
acquired the W H Smith “do it 
alT store of 36,000 sq ft with 
garden centre, leasing it back at 
£4.00 per sq ft. In Cheetham 
Hill. Manchester, Ravenside 
has acquired from G Dew A Co, 
the MFI and W H Smith “do it 
all'* complex of 84.500 sq ft. 

HOLDINGS: The company has 
bought 85 per cent of Airport 
Services or Sydney, Australia, 
for about Ausj2 million 
(£963.000) cash. 

Six months to Dec. 31, 1985, 
compared with the six months 
to June 30, 1985. An interim 
dividend of 0.35p is being paid 
and the board intends to recom- 
mend a final of 0J25p. Turn- 
over £3.64 miHi on (£2.03 
million). Pretax profit £835,000 

INVESTMENT: There was a 
dividend of Ip (nil) for 1985. 
Gross income of £1 19,964 
(£85.923) comprises dividends 
and pretax revenue of 49.295 
(18.555), earnings per share of 
0.78p (0.38p) and net asset value 

Share prices gain ground 
on interest rate hopes 

* 1 - . v- . 

Stock markets ended the 
account in firm form as Ameri- 
cas and Japanese interest 
rates fell, kindling hopes of an 
early cut in domestic rates, 
perhaps even before the Bud- 
get on March IS. The FT 30- 
share index ended the day 9.4 
points up, at 1.308.8, white the 
FT-SE closed at 1,573.8, up 

Government stocks held 
steady for most of the session, 
but finished over Hi a point 
higher after the US prime cuts. 
Leaders also had a quieter day, 
but went ahead smartly in 
unofficial trading as dealers 
took advantage of the “new 
time” facility for the three- 
week account, which officially 
begins next Monday and in- 
cludes the Budget 

Takeover activity contin- 
ued to stimulate secondary 
stocks. Among the “blue 
chips”, ICI reached a record 
£10 a share, up 33p on 
persistent American demand. 
Cadbury Schweppes contin- 
ued to reflect satisfaction with 
Thursday’s results, rising 5p to 
175p, bid Lucas, at 618p,lost 
5p on profit-taking. 

Tin and commodity stocks 
suffered from the collapse in 
the international rescue talks, 
but S & W Beri sf o r d, un- 
changed at 204p, recovered an 
early 6p fell awaiting takeover 

In contrast, Dnlgety dipped 
12p to 263p and Geevor Tm 
Mines, at 50p, and Tanjong 
Tin Dredging, at 70p, tumbled 
lip and 30p respectively. 

In electricals, STC jumped 
16p to !32p — analysts were 
encouraged by an impressive 
meeting that followed results 
which were as bad as expected. 
Martonair were hoisted 117p 
to 527p on the disclosure that 
it had received a bid approach 
from CV1I, which in turn 
hardened 3p to 150p. 

Woolwich Building Society: 
Mr Alan Camming has be- 
come executive vice-chair- 
man. Mr Donald Kirkham is 
now chief executive and Mr 
Edwin Phillips senior vice- 

Guinness Brewing World- 
wide: Mr John Daries has 
been made managing director, 
international division, and 
Mr Da rid Burditt becomes 
executive chairman of 
Guinness. Malaysia Berhad. 

Dolphin Showers: Mr Bob- 

Buildings featured Marie y, 
which were little changed at 
!08p on confirmation that its 
Payless subsidiary bad been 
sold to Ward White. Ward 
White eased 6p to 2 66p fol- 
lowing the £84 million fund- 
raising operation to pay for 

Bumper profits on Thurs- 
day boosted Williams Hold- 
ings a further 27p to 575p. 
Steedey were wanted at 442p, 
up 16p. The results are sched- 
uled for the March 24, and the 
company isa perennial take- 
over favourite. 

George Scholes, with an 
annual meeting due on March 
19, climbed 25 p to 530p in 
thin trading. Evered. stimulat- 
ed by its stake in TI Group 
which on Thursday reported 
sharply higher profits, 
climbed 22p to 238p- TI 
Group added 2p to 473p. 

British Aerospace continue 
to reflect satisfaction with 
several brokers' recent 
upgradings and improved an- 
other 7p to 570pL Mitchell 
Colts, which shocked the mar- 
ket on Thursday with sharply 

reduced profits,, slipped. 3p 
more to 67p. 

Engineers were firm; with 
Weir Group up 6p to 98p and. 
Hamden Group Sp better at 
lOSp- BSR added Sp to I10p 
after recent figures. Laiffis* 
Thomson, reporting next 
Monday, were marked up 2!p 
to lOSp. Amstrad con tinued 
their strong march forward 
with a spectacular 44p rise. to' 
434p, helped by an encourag- 
ing press article. 

In carpets, Buimatex added 
6 p to 144 p .af ter the 
chairman's optimistic re-, 
marks with the annual report. 
Lex Service Group added lOp 

to 331p on recovery prospeeg. 
Jaguar, which reports rail- 
year results next Thursday, 
slipped 7p to 44Sp. 

In quiet breweries, Matthew 

Brown were singled out fin’ a 
25p rise to 455p on renewed 

speculative demand. 

Boots pul on lp to 236p 
following the £18 million ac- 
quisition of the troubled Far- 
ley Group- Elsewhere in firmer 
stores, Woolworth were 
marked up 8p to 526p. 



Abbott M V (I80p) 216 dn 12 
Ashley (L) (135p> 238 up 3 

Ashley (L) (135 
Brookmount (11 
Chart FL (86 p) 
Chancery Secs 
Cranswick M (5 
Davidson P (16 
Dtalene (128p) 

238 up 3 
3) 178 (hi 2 

i3p) 69 dn 1 
3 ) 108 dn 2 
i) 163 up 3 
175 up 5 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 25 up ’2 

Granyte Surface (56p) 71 

Inoco (55p) 49 

JS Pathology (160p) 273 up 3 
Klearfoid (118p) 113 dn 3 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (lQ5p) 138 

Men vale Moore (115p) 125 

Norank Sys (90p) 103 up 1 

Really Useful (330p) 361 

SAC bit! (IQOp) 131 

Templeton (21 5p) 
Signrex (101p) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 

Tech Comp (15 
Underwoods (180p) 
Wetfcome (120p) 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wtckes (140p) 





1 214 

ir 181 dn 2 
184 up 1 
A 75 dn 5 


Cray Bee F/P 295 dn 7 
HartweUs HIP % 

Porter Chad F/P 4 

Safeway UK 
Wales N IP .. 24 

Westland F/P 1 73 

(Issue price in brackets). 

£44’? dr 


ert Stratton has been appoint- 
ed marketing director. 

Wayne Kerr: Mr Keith 
Bashton joins the board. 

Internationa] Thomson Or- 
ganization: Mr J K Bryers 
joins foe board as personnel 

GEC Measurements: Mr W 
J Cheetham has been appoint- 
ed technical director, Stafford 

Hill Samuel Investment 
Services Group: Mr M E 

Tennant is sow board direc- 

Tarmac Housing Division: 
Mr Grenville Brown has been 
made ..director and general 
manager of Tarmac Homes 
South Midlands. : Mrs 
PhHomena Ware becomes 
sales and" marketing. director 
of McLean Homes North, 
West & Cheshire. Mr John 
Wood is now sates and mar- 
keting director of Tarmac 
Homes Midlands.. - 

Security Pacific Corp: Mr 

MsczrtfHS fto a a cc rf e afe , 
which recently fefi TO a bid 
from a John Gaven-ted con- 
sortium. advanced to a rccocti 
385a, up !7p. Is contrast, 
Fisons slipped .another t3p to 
493pon profit-taking. 

W '. Cttnhg attracted re- 
newed s p e culati ve interest at 
I09pw up 8p- Park Place 
jumped 22p to 27Spoc vague 
talk of expansion pfatw. 
Reehofc cash-rash® activities 
boosted the parent company, 
Heattaad, Mp to 39Gp. United 
Comparer * Technology rose 
Up to 128 p on bid hopes. 

Clearing banks softened a 
few pence after the recent 
exdtejnent generated by their 
good results. Standard Char- 
tered typified this by slipping 
Sp to 51 4p, additionally wor- 
ried by tire impact of the tin 

In money, brokers’ fading 
takeover hopes left Mocantfle 
House down 7p to 3!7p, 
Elsewhere profit-taking 
knocked lOp from tire recent 
high-flyer Stainless 
Metekraft at 145p. 

Vague nrajoers that the 
Dvstee Sarings Bank is about 
to bid for Lon don and Man- 
chester AsMOmee lifted the 
latter's shares 23p to 892p and 
stimulated other fife insur- 
ances. Pod, for example, 
gained 40pto 4 18p. 

Among overseas traders, 
lrerte mere again actively 
traded, dwafaag 2!p to 280p 
excited by the company’s 
sraement re fe rri n g to a posa- 
ble stake btnhtap by. an 
Amakan consortium. 

Presided Eatertafettrents 
attracted interest at I08p> up 
9Htp- Other firm spots includ- 
ed Berkeley Grasp, at 4Q0p up 
7p, and Pierian. I2p higher ax 
IZOp. Comment ,ost - Thai> 
dayV figures snipped 2Vip 
from American Efectramcs at 


Thomas G Dnunhy has been 
appointed senior itice^ra- 
doit, credit administration, of 
Security PSrific EaroFinance. 

British Equestrian Promo- 
tions: Mr Christopher Hall 
has been made chairman. 

Grandfidd Rork Collins Fi- 
nancial: Mr Aittheny Cardpw 
has beconre chairman. 

Clayden Claims Services: 
Mr P O Bourne has been 
appointed chairman andMrP 
I Thomas has beea made a 




Opt for the Jaguar Sovereign, and you’ll find its appointments 
an accurate reflection of your own achievements. 

The ambience of hide upholstery. The quiet glimmer of bun* 
walnut on dashboard and doorcappings. The inclusion of air- 
conditioning. The philharmonic quality of the stereo system. 

The authority of a classic six cylinder, fuel injected 4.2 litre 
engine or the awesome 5.3 litre VI 2, both producing ample power 
to minimise driving hazards, and seemingly to diminish every' 

other vehicle on the road The uncanny blend of balance and 
unobtrusiveness in handling. 

For 1986, we’ve even managed some refinements. 

A somewhat lighter interior, employing doeskin pillar trim in place 
of the black used hitherto. The choice of four distinguished new . 
exterior colours, with matching coach lines. 

Headlamp wash/wipe as standard on both models. Etched 
stainless steel frant and rear treadplates. (We make no apology. To a 

Sovereign driver, the quality of the rreadplates is of importance.) 

And when you outsider that a new Soverdgn rxovides afl this 
at a cost measurably less than that demanded & ‘comparable’ 
motor cars you’ll agree that th e decision to choose a Jaguar is in 
itself a laudable feat ‘ re ~ 

After all, a Sovereign, has always been a sound investment 


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Texaco to 

US field 

By David Y( 

oHwnc menrst 
Dig oil company to announce 

London this rak that it bad 
tnmmed its; investment pro- 
gramme by 10 percent this 
year because of felling, worid 
od prices. 

The company is to stop 
Pfododng from 1,500 Wells £ 
Kern River in California/ 
wKch is the laS 
proven fidd intfie US. :: 

- C^wie from the field has 
become Uneconomic at pres- 
entprices of about $12. 

The wells are the company’s 
onshore -with many 
wiling into- the ‘‘stripper 
category which means : 
they produce less than 10 
barrels a ttay. ' 

Mr John McKinley, chair- 
man of Texaco, has been in 

London this week to brief 
British executives. 

But the company has not 
. cut bade so far on its British 
operations and is to continue 
pl a nned Neath Sea develop- 

Texaco, like most of the 
main oil companies, feels that 
: the United Kingdom taratinn . 
rqpme, which allows explora- 
tion expenditure to be offcet 
against oil revenues from the 
North Sea, provides a 
favourable donate for invest- 
ment despite falling world oil 

Meanwhile, Egypt ha* cut 
its oil prices for the fourth 
time this year. 

Prices -for Egyptian erode 
for export customers have 
dropped to $12.10 a barrel for 
heavy nil and $19 for ultra- 
light crude: 

The country’s main ex port 
crude, Suez Blend, is now 
being offered to customers 
prepared to sign long term 
supply contracts at $12.70 a 

EMS entry 

By DavM Snjft, Ec— panes Correspondent 

'Whenever the pound fen* fo 
what looks like; a longterm 
sustainable level against the 
West German 'mail, the ru- 
monr-machine. in nhe City 
starts, to work overtime. 

M The Government, it is said, . 
is waiting fora-certain trigger 
point against, tiie mark fo be 
reached; whether it be 
DM330. DM320 or DM3:10, 
before taking the. pound, into 
the European Monetary Sys- 
tem, as. & foil participant. 

_ This week, the Public Policy 
.Gentie, in a report prepared by. 
a host of diKtingrri^ d names, 
called on the Government fo - 
take tbe pound into foe ex- 
change rate mechanism of the ‘ 


The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry, while welcoming ' 
the - pound's lower fevd 
against the currencies of our 
competitors in /furope^ is 
becoming restive about the 
increasing . volatility in the 
foreign exchange markets. 

. The CBI ; president • Sir 
James Cleminson, .recently re- 
newed the employers’ organi- 
zation’s call for EMS entry. 

. EMS membership^ once 
.thought to be inconsistent 
with the Government’s target- 
ing of domestic mooetaiy 

ag g re gat es , no longer suffers 

.from this problem, except in 
the eyes of the Liverpool 
monetarist Professor. Patrick 
MinfonL ‘ - - ■ • ' 

;llre generally held case is 
that the. Government's com- 
mitment to monetary forgets 
is now so wok that EMS 
membership, like the mone- 
tary rule favoured by Profes- 
sor Milton Friedman, puts a 
constraint on irresponsible ao 
tioos by Totitictans. ; 

This view has certainly won 
favour among some , senior 
Treasury officials. The Oan- 
cellor ofthe Exchequer’s view 
on the EMS is not easy to 
determine but is said to be not 
so.mucfa against as agnostic. 

This leaves the Prime Min- 
ister as- the guardian of this 
particular * show of British 
independence. During Ques- 
tion Time in the -House of 
Commons on Thursday, Mis 
Thatcher gave a familiar an- 

“One day, when we think 
tiie time is appropriate, we 
shall Join the EMS,”~she said. 
“We do not think it is appro- 
priate at the moment.” 

The answer, of course, is a 
politician's one, “at the 
moment" only referring to 
that specific time and not . 
excluding British entry into 



the EMS, even this weekend. 

However, there are good 
reasons to suppose that the 
Government's resistance, or 
rather the Prime Minister’s, 
will continue. The first is the 
traditional petrocurrency ar- 
gument. EMS supporters say 
that the effects on the pound 
of the halving of oil prices 
over the past three months 
would have been cushioned if 
sterling , was in the currency 


Net profit for 1985, HKS39.4 
milli on . (about £3.5 million), 
against HKJ18-3 million. Total 
divid end 2 5 cents (20 cents). . 

• INSTEM: Final dividend for 
1985 of 13p, making Z25p 
(0.5pX payable, on July 3. Turn- 
over £6J)5 million (£4-35 mO- 

plains that its task in 1986 is to 
provide a platform for -consis- 
tent growth and performance 
over the medium-term. After 
the record order intakein 1985. 
the company has an ext r emely 
good base from which to de- 

HOLDINGS: Final dividend 

l'34p. making 3.08p (3.08p) for 
1985 Turnover £13.65 million 
(£1231 million). Pretax profit 
£283.000 (£83,000). Earnings 
per share 3.31p (0.83pX While 
margins are still tight, the board 
looks forward ‘ to rnnrintim g 

/•DSL: Subject to some con- 
ditions, the company's subrid- 
iary, IBL Inttnjational, is to buy 
CIL Computer Leasing {ME) of 
Cyprus for an initial $306350- 
(£211,000). in riiares or cash. 
The conditions are expected to 
be satisfied . within three 
months. The agreement pro- 
vides for the payment of addi- 
tional deferred consideration. 
This will provide IBL with a 
valuable, customer base for the 
expansion of its computer leas- 

ing in Ratxrafn and the Gulf 

dividend 1.6p, making 2.4p 

for 14 months). Tran over 
13 million (£6.88 million). 
Pretax profit £660,000 
(£656,000). Earnings per share 

over for 1985, $17.03 million 
(SI 227 million). Pretax profit 
SI. 14 million (£784,000). 
against 5573,000. Earnings per 
share, undiluted 16. cents (10 
cents) and diluted, 14 cents (9 
cents). Pretax profits compare 
with the forecast of 51.05 mil- 
lion made at the time of the 
placing last June. The group’s 
order book is about 552 million. 


Opponents say that this 
may indeed be the case, but 
that cushion would have had 
to be bought with much higher 
interest rates than we have at 
present, and that there are no 
indications that oil price un- 
certainties are coming to an 

The second reason adds 
political uncertainties to oil 
ones. In the run-up to the next 
General Election, m 1987 or 
1988, with the result likely to 

As forecast, the directors will be 
recommending a dividend of 8p 
for 1985. Comparative figures 
have been restated. Turnover 
£100.94 million (£7835 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £634 million 
(£4.08 million). - 

TRUST: Total dividend of 
825p (6.9p) for the year to Jan. 
31, 1986. Total gross revenue 
£647,811 (£526,038). 

yearto Dec. 31, 1985. Turnover 
£7.75 million (£7.73 million). 
Pretax profit £251,000 
(£10,000). Earnings per share 
0.8p (loss 0.5p). The board is 
confident that the group will be 
able to resume and maintain 
steady growth. 

be in the balance, heavy 
selling pressure on the pound 
could develop. 

If sterling was in the EMS 
this pressure could only be 
met by a series of devaluations 
or a raising of interest rates, 
neither of which is politically 

A third reason sees the 
Prime Minister's attitude to 
EMS entry as the grand politi- 
cal gesture which will be 
accomplished only in return 
for some concessions from our 
European partners. The Chan- 
nel tunnel may have satisfied 
Mrs Thatcher’s attitude for 
such gestures for the moment. 

For the past 18 months, the 
pound has been highly un- 
stable against the mark and 
other European currencies. 
Before that there was a nine- 
month window of opportunity 
for EMS entry when the 
pound moved in the DM3.6- 
DM3.8 range, although many 
would say that level is too 

The next big opportunity 
for EMS entry will come with 
the general realignment that is 
likely to follow this month's 
elections in France. But even 
supporters of the EMS may 
concede that conditions are 
not appropriate for sterling 
entry at present. 

• LEX SERVICE: Final divi- 
dend 6.5p, making 10.6p(same) 
for 1985. Turnover £1,041.3 
million (£1.196.9 million). Pre- 
tax profit £23.6 million (£46.8 
million). Earnings per share 
17.6p (34.7pk The board says 
overall results in 1986 will be 
materially affected by the 
performance of the electronic 
component distribution in- 
dustry and, in particular, by the 
demand for semi-conductors. 

CORPORATION: A final divi- 
dend of 3.5Sp (335p) is being 
paid on April 23. making 6.3p 
(5.5p) for 1985. Pretax net 
revenue £2.99 million (£2.47 
million). Faming * per share 
8-14p (6.87p). 





_ 12 v*% 
.1 2»% 
. 12 *% 
; 12 *% 
flank of Scofeal__T2b% 
.1 2»% 

Adam & Company. 

BEC1 : 

Citibank Saviagsf _ 
Consofidated Crds- 
Contineotial Trust— 
Co-operative Bank.. 

C. Hoare £ Co 

LLoyds Bank. 

Nat Westminster. 

Guta* NA. 

t Manpp Bw Rai. 



(Net of Basic Rate Tax) 

■ AND •' ' - 

r™27.3% net 


. STftCJlY U&TED 0Ff€S 


«moiH*oBa» . - - 

GL0S TEL 0453 843G26 

«T MOW FOB fuu HEMS .. . 







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mvesmni dmefed Id 


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£-® 3 m*onMonogad 
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smin\977f. ' 


CaH us nt>W to obtain yoor 
. n.iiUiw fl Sotiriy 
Recarvetfiea Number. 

0272 - 276954 

•*!3AW t'Z-CTT-USM ‘ 
IUMMM>V4V£5IMeNt urn 

[wmm- Mvdkol General 
fREePOST. rriMp 1 , SSI 5B«- 


£DD2t5s— — 






Enterprise, energy and entrejxeneurial flair -thafs^ ^how the Dutch 
buih their great trading and commercial empires in the past. 

. And that's how they're building them today. 

You're probably familiar with the names of some of the major Dulch 
multi-nationals - Philips, Royal Dutch Shell, Unilever, Heineken; there 
are many others, however! 

Your Guide 

To help you take advantage of them, EBC Amro Unit Trust 
Management Limited has launched foe 'EBC Amro Dutch Growth Trust'. 

The Trust aims to produce capital growth from a range of Dutch 
securities, including traded options. The majority of these will be quoted on 
-foe Amsterdam Stock Exchange, Europe's oldest and oneof its largest stock 
markefe. The Trust Deed permits investment on the 
Dutch Parallel (secondary) market, if and when 
authorized by the Department of Trade and Industry. This 
market corresponds to the USM. m the UK. 

Record Soaker 

Over foe fast two years the Dutch market has out- 
performed foe UK, US and Tokyo exchanges, as well 
as most of those in Europe, rising by 41% in the last year. 

TheDutch economy isstrong. It is estimated that 
GNP- will rise by 25% during 1986 and industrial 
production will increase by 4%: In P/E terms, Holland is 
one of foe cheapestmarkets in Europe. (See Graph). 

A New Force In Pbcsonal Investment Managemwt 
The EBC Amro Dutch Growth Trust is launched by 
EBC Amro Unit Trost Management Limited, a new invest- 
ment management company which draws on foe resources 

ao-i Price/Earnings Ratio. 


22 - 

20 - 




12 - 






of Amro Bank, one of the Netherlands' largest banks and a major inter- 
national force in the financial markets: and of EBC Amro, a London-based 
merchant bank with a reputation for innovatory investment management 
and foreign exchange capabilities. 

Fixed Price Offer+1% Discount 

Units will be offered at a 1% discount on foe fixed price of 50p per 
unit until Monday 24th March, 1986. 

How To Invest 

Complete the application form and send it together with your 
cheque made payable to EBC Amro Unit Trust Management Limited, do 
Manchester Unit Trust Administration Company Limited. FREEPOST, 
Manchester M2 8BL [No stamp required). 

Remember, the price of units and the income from 
than, can go down as well as up. 

General Ineormatton 

Contract notes will not be issued for foe initial otter 
but, thereafter, will usually be sent by* return of posL You 
will receive a Unit Certificate within six weeks of the 
receipt of vour cheque 

An initial charge of 5% is included in the price of ihe 
units and an annual charge of 1 .25% (plus VAT ) of the value 
of foe fund is allowed tor in the quoted vield 

Estimated gro* t urrent vield b 2 2? < \> at tlie launch 
price ot tOp Managers reports on the fund will be issued on 
15th halxuarv each vear Income will be distributed annual!*, 
net 01 basic rate tax on 1 Sth Februarv Prices are quoted 
in foe National press Trustee Midland Bank Trust 
Company l muted 'Not open lo residents in Fire > 

Averags PIE Ratios 

of Major World 
Stock Haricots 



To: E8C Amro Unit Trust Management Limited, cfo Manchester Unit Trust 
Administration Company Limited, FREEPOST, Manchester M2 8BI 
(No stamp required). . 

l/We wish to invest f — i n units m the EBC Amro Dutch Growth 
Trust at the price ruling on receipt of this application (minimum investment 15001 
Fixed price offer less 1% Discount applies until 24f5/8b lamAVeareover 18^ 

I — I Please tick box if you require automatic reinvestment ol 
1 — IdistributionsL 

r— i Please tick box if you require further information about foe EBC 
1 — I Amro Dutch Growth Trust 

Mr Mrs.\l]swOther 
First Nameis 





loinl jppln anis must jqr jnd JlU 

Pnsli L »df» 


lamisarxl jddre****^ j|m^ 


^ By advising you which investment gives the 

most DKDme a man aged oSubIiqo life assurance could 
expeatomxh«l26%p.a naguaramred. 

^ By reducing your income tax bill 

mamTeored people lose out unnecessarily on ihe age' aUwance 

^ By making your capital grow to increase your 
income in the fauire. 

Knight^ Wffliams has specalised for many years 
in identifying income investments for retired 
people. Send for full details. 

Knight Williams! 

Independent financial advice 1 

33 Cork Street, London W1X IHB. 01-409 0271. | 

Name B 



M f Uf fgiW l^lfW 

T B/3 






1 8 * 








lu lln V»(u>h Mutual A-^uraiki 

Hnsi uj 'I 1 N M H _*■?' 

filer >rnd Pit ;t otiigdH-n ’a!! J- fi. n* • ' 1 



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\>» n- v. PUrvd k: !'. r ‘ *t ■ ' 


Proicssionai Adiiser 

Scottish Mutual 

investments >■ 
Dependable Monev Managers 



Green Park Health Care Pic is establishing nursing homes, 
residential homes and day care facilities under a concept 
of co-ordinated care for the elderly. 

★ Minimum n on-underwritten 
subscription already achieved 

★ Two important properties 
have been acquired 

★ One establishment fully 



★ Offer share price 100 per cent 
backed by net assets 

★ Experienced management 
& health care team 

★ Investment offer carries 
full BES tax relief for 1985/86 

— ^ 

To be sure of meeting the closing date 
of March 17 l f ;S6 for this highly 
recommended BES offer, phone or 
post this coupon immediately for a 

The minimum subscription having 
been veil exceeded through private 
investors without underwriting 

support the subscription list for the r r . 

remaining balance of the original Offer | copy of the Prospectus, 
of 1.700.000 Ordinary shares of XI 
each at £1.15 per share, payable in full 
on application, will remain open until 
all the Ordinary shares are fully sub- 
scribed to or not later than noon on 
March 17, 1986. 




(a member of NASDIM) 


subscribe to or purchase any sEci ruies. 1 Telephone 01-631 3015 


Edited by Lorna Bourke 


Everyone is seeking solutions before the Chancellor makes life mo re difficult 

Your last-minute purchases 

* i 

a r 


Buy now while stocks last is 
the message to would-be in- 
vestors in asset-backed Busi- 
ness Expansion Scheme 
companies because the general 
feeling is that the Chancellor, 
Nigel Lawson, will tighten up 
the rules for qualification in 
his Budget on March 18. 

Players in the BES market 
believe that property-backed 
BES companies such as hotels 
and pubs may weU be disqual- 
ified, so if you have money to 
put into these schemes and 
you want the security of bricks 
and mortar behind your in- 
vestment, go for the likes of 
Lockton Inns (very similar to 
the highly successful Surrey 
Free Inns), Unicorn Inns, 
First Secured Hotels, Stage- 
coach Hotels, Southdowns 
Hotel, Branksome Court 
Homes and Saint Hotels 
(which has already received 
£L8 million in the first nine 
days of the offer and sponsor 
Charles Fry is expecting to hit 
£7 million). ___ 

A. full list of cuirenl BES 
companies on offer is on page 
31 with derails of some of the 
most recent issues. 

“I think it will be quite 
difficult for the Chancellor to 
tighten up without cutting out 
quite a lot of legitimate 
schemes."* commented 
Charles Fry of Johnson Fry, 
one of the biggest sponsors of 
BES companies. 

“I suppose he could say that 
no more than 60 per cent of 
the money raised by a BES 
company could be tied up in 
property but if he says “fixed 
assets’, that would disqualify 
genuine manufacturing 

Mr Fry is hoping that the 
Chancellor will not tinker too 
much with the BES. 

Others are not so sanguine. 
The accountant Philip 

Hardman, of Grant Thornton, 
believes the Chancellor may 
try to put the BES back on the 
footing the Treasury originally 
intended by introducing regu- 
lations which would stipulate 
how often stock is turned 
around. This would hit the 
wine and an schemes. 

And it is difficult to believe 
that the Chancellor, having 
commissioned a mammoth 
report from auditors Peat 
Marwick Mitchell, on the way 
the BES is working, is Just 
going to sit oh it and do 

“1 think the BES scheme is 
ripe for change of some son. a 
bit of tightening up," is the 
view of accountant David 
Tallon of Dearden Farrow. 

“The problem is, if you 
attack asset-backed schemes, 
you also attack genuine com- 
panies. the son the Chancellor 
wanted to help with the BES.” 

Mr Tallon believes the 
Chancellor is more concerned 
with the job creation aspect of 
BES companies and may well 
introduce a minimum number 
of jobs as a test of eligibility. 

Stephen Say, at accountants 

‘Some clarification, 

. not a rethink’ 

Stay Hayward, takes a more 
cautious view: “I would be 
surprised if there was a major 
upheaval over the BES. I 
would expea there to be some 
clarification rather than a 
complete rethink." 

The scheme has only one 
more year to run and Mr Say 
believes the overhaul of the 
terms and conditions will 
come next year rather than 

But if you have not got 
money to invest in BES 
schemes, what else can we 
expect on March 18. 

“We certainly haven’t put 

Charles Fry: BES hopes 

in any Budget submissions 
this year," says Adrian Coles 
of the Building Societies Asso- 
ciation. He is expecting no 
change on stamp duty, cur- 
rently 1 per cent of purchase 
price on properties costing 
more than £30,000, and he 
believes it would be political 
suicide for the Chancello r to 
tinker with mortgage interest 
tax relief. 

He said: "We saw the 
problems the Chancellor bad 
frith the cutbacks in student 
grants and the attempt to' 
impose fees on - . parents. 
Mortage interest relief affects 
exactly the same market, so I 
can’t see him doing anything 

However, the building soci- 
eties would not be best pleased 
if the Chancellor were to 
introduce some form of tax 
relief on small investments in 
shares - a rumour currently 
going the rounds which would 
certainly be in line with 
fcurrent government thinking. 
Cost in terms of lost tax 

revenue might be the deciding 
factor here. 

"It would depend on the 
. terms of any scheme, bat in 

da short term it would be bad 
news for us," confirms Mr 
Coles. “But we are not expect- . 
mg anv fireworks in this 

However, s tamp duty, cur- 
rently I per e* 311 bu y“« 

shares, is a favourite candi- 
date for change with most 
pundits expecting the Cban- 
cdlcrrtocutO.5 percent off the 
stamp duty bill. “I think this is 
a real possibility,’' says Mr 
Say- “It would be a step in the 
right direction with deregula- 
tion. and every little helps.. 

Clearly, if you are dunking 
of buying shares then it might 
pay -to wait until after March 

IS incase the Chancellor does 

cut stamp duty — and makes it 
immediately effective. Ina- 
dently, if you are interested in 
bed and breakfasting your 
shares, see the article by 
Maggie Drummond article on 
page 27. 

■ No one, however, is expect- 
ing the Chancellor to cut 
-stamp duty across the board. 

Potential tax 
loss of £l,00Qm 

Reducing it for house pur- 
chases would cost too much. 

The widely expected rax 
improvements for charities 
would give donors full tax. 
relief at their highest rate paid 
<m donations to charity, not 
just those made under a deed 
of covenant as is now the case. 

“1 really hope he does look 
at this area of charities," said 
Mr Tallon. However, he 

be a removal of tax relief on 
ordinary personal covenants, 
the sort that hundreds - of 
thousands of hard-pressed 
parents use to maintain a- 

student offspring ai univcra- 

^He says: “The Revenue 
doesn’t lie personal deeds 
and this might be the trade- 
off: ‘Yes. ChaixrHor\ 1 can 
hear than saying, "te’s do 
something for charities, but do 
away «*th the persona! 

A rapidly rising-amount of 
tax is lost w the Revenue by 
ibe increasing and apparently 
widespread use of covenants. 
It has been estimated that if 10 
per cent of all parents eligible 
to covenant money to their 
offspring over the age oflfiand 
10 per cent of grandparents 
eligible to covena nt mo ney to 
younger chOdreo were to do 
so, the potential tax loss to the 
Revenue could be more than 
£ 1,000 million a year. 

Just in case the Chancellor 
decides to more here, it ought 
be worthwhile setting in a 
covenant before the Budget - 
if you were thinking of doing 
one anyway. The end of the 
tax vear is a good time to do 
this' if you have student off- 
spring as by then the student's 
earnings during the rest of the 
tax year are known and you 
can calculate precisely how 
much to covenant to take 
maximum advaritags of the 

The Inland Revenue pro- 
duces a form and instruction 
booklet which is available 
from tax offices. The 
Consumers" Association pro- 
duces a covenant kit available 
at £4.95 from the Subscription 
Department. FO Box 44. 
Hertford SOW fSH. Bourfce 
Publishers produces a kit cov- 
ering both student covenants 
and covenants written in trust 
for . school fees and the like. 
This is available at £4. 50 from 
Bourke Publishers, PO Box 
|(» London SW5 9JP. 

Lorna Bourke 

65ip A 



Jnllke most high interest accounts our Apex shares can 
pay out once a month . ' f n~t er ~ sT 

• We guarantee 236% above the current dw jay Ay 

Ordinary Share rate for 3 years (at the "Jw 

moment that means 9-5% net). sa 

• With instant withdrawals all you lose Is 60 days* interest 
on the amount withdrawn (give us 60 days' notice and you 
lose nothing). 

• £500 opens an Apex Share account. Keep a balance of 
£1,000 and you can get monthly interest. 

Why get interest once in a blue moon when you can get 
it every full moon? 


current nemnsr rati ii a.** net. ixst* cross equivalent when tas is mid AT THE SASIC NATE. (NET 

65.753p a day actually. Or £20 a month. 

Because that’s all it takes to take your money to 

the stockmarkets of Europe. — 

And, as you can see from the table, they in turn could 
have taken your money quite a long way to date. 

(With the deft tonch 
of Save & Prospers help- 
ing band.) 

markets are attracting more and more investors- both domestic . 
and foreign. 

The economies are improving, with inflation and 
interest rates under control. 

And company profits and productmty are both on 
their way up. 

It’s enough to give any investor a 13L And by 
investing monthly you win both ways. 

When markets are 
lower your money 
buys more units. 

And when markets 
are high your savings I 
are worth more. 

£30 a month 
for 10 years for 
example (a total outlay of £3,600) 
would have grown to £10,370.* 

A return of 1S8% - 
that’s 20.1% p^L And a 
performance that proves 
that even the smallest 
investors can get into 
the big time. 


Monthly Saving 

Total over 10 years 


Gave you fhrs^ 










You can invest in Save 
& Prosper European Growth pund 
from £20 a month or from £250 by 
completing the t 






A P E X S H A '.R E S 

To: Peter M. Harrand, National A Provincial Building Society, FREEPOST, 
Bradford, West Yorkshire BOX 1BR. 



I/We enclose a cheque for £ 

to be Invested in an APEX account. 

Please send further information 


National & Provincial 



Bank Corporation, 
Hennessy, or Olivetti, are big 
names to the man in the street. 
And even bigger names to the 
investor in the know. 

Because with even aver- 
age European stockmarkets 
rising 39% f last year, the lead- 
ing stocks have truly excelled 

So now. well be looking to 
give you your share (or shares) of the big name, big 
profit companies of ’86 and beyond. 


We think too, that Europe’s the right place to give 
some of your money a break. The undervalued, underdeveloped 

•Offer lo bid price* 1 - 2 - 86 . 

OBJECTIVE b provide a pom abo nveaed in the shares tf European 

PRICES AND YIELD The oiler puce o> umb a) J42B6 is 933p and Re 
estimated joss fdths 090 % w Theseae anofed darty «i testing natural 

Sealing m UWT5 Regutat Smogs Plan we usually pwchase units lor you 
ont« I6W day oleatJi mar® a water ifice fen prevail UretsaeheM 
or you txftadby Saw A I’rosPMNonMKes Ud.a iiRtcerotase is na issued 
to you TRW csiQSftai you PJtnai any lane and receive Be bd value oi you 
utrts ngnnaHy wdhu 7 days oi out lecenog yov waren insnudwra 
Alienaiiwty. you can comen year mvftsanas! k*j a lump-sum hoktng 
provided #re value « me Plan enaefls E250 Lump Sim Units may normally 
te Mum « sold on any wring day Cendicstrc Mil normally be towafttaJ 
wdftn fa days .When me aresold back tome Mayors. payment & naraBy 
made wthm 7 days ol ou waving renounced cefUntates 
MET INCOME DGTREUTCNS 3>sl DecenOer each year These are 
automJbcally re-tmesied miutmer mown a Regutai Savngs Plan 
CHARGES mloi charge 5% phis a rowing adjustment no! exceeding the 
kn*a Of l%oM 2Sooa unit, wnch is mewted m Vie oftr price at units Out 
oi this, remuneration (2 tales which are amiable on leauest 1 will be paid to 
authafiedpiotessionataOnsm Annual Chage 1\ of valued Fund + vw 
(wtf a pemsed (TOTtnun ot !',*% - sumea B 3 monft's nttee) Thais 
deducted Irom the Fund's assets to meet Managers' opeises mduomg 
Trustee's lees 

INVESTMENT POWERS fte Managers rove executed a awtemeitaf frusi 
deed anaoimcr diem la pwchase and write traded options subject to Ihe 
tarnations led down tw the Depahnod ollraite and InlJuSry. " 

ffiGUl AR SWINGS PI Ah PAtuEnTS iWmonMyconnibutKinsroBiePian 

flp made try flanker;' Older It you waft to change ihe amount d you 
onmCuhora Plan at any tme. simply norty both you tank and 

SaveS ft osoe 

SAFEGUARDS The Fund rs authorised hy the Seoetaryoi Slate iprVade and 
todusiry The TruSee is die Bank olSco&and 
MANAGERS Save & Prosper Secmme. brnried. 1 Fmsdufv Avenue, London 
EC2MJQY telephone 01-588 1717 A memfieioJ the Uml IroslAssociaJiofl 

1b: Save & Pdispcr Securities Limited. 
FREEPOST Romford. RM 1 1 BR 
Telephone: FREE Money line 0800 282- 101 

And, of course, you 
can stop or alter 
the amount you 
save at any time. 

Ybuli be in good bands too, 
as we were the first to ‘discover* 

Europe when we launched this trust 
22 years ago. 

You should remember of 
course that the price of units and 
the income from them can gp 
down as well as up. 

But to date the 
performance from 
been well worth writing 
home about. 

And from £20 a month - wefl, who says money 
doesn’t go far these days? 

twdjuwwICrepMlwwmiiiwI l.t JStBlt.H an. 

BANKER'S ORDER 1b: Tlw Mu^r 

■wbJi to ibvcm It 

(mini mom Gfl * munch for Addrm 


firsl cndlrihuUua Id RrtuiMr Mwisp Plan nr £250 tump uimt In 
!Lug & PnniRf European Gro»i6 Hmd. I cackne my cheque 
made payable in Saw Jk Pnmper Secuntie. Llmilcd and fur 
KrymUr Serainpi Plan dppttcaliuWKihe completed Banker* Order 
harnL I am aver 18. 

Regular S»ii^ Plaiu Plow htni 'Dots received under chc 


Bank Sorting Code f 

pimisima uf ihe Rcymlar Svlnp Plan. I cunfmn Ifcal. in the 
event ul m* JKouiniaf muiwiniuet in mv Pbrn before I Jw*c 
cnnlrihuled al least £250 la European tiiwlb hind, the 
Manapcrshave my irmneabte authority to repurchase, al Ihe bid 
pice then prevailing, any units already held by me under the 
Regular Savings Plan and tn wend me (be proceeds* 

Lmnp-tum investors: I Mnld like income re^nvesled in further 
noils* ■ Jrlitcifiwe ji t'h . Hl . 

Fall NaaneTMrFMra/MiMl 

Ptaae pay (be mm or t£ 
month wwril further notice. i 

aoc Aral paymeot to be jnade no 7tb I 

dcbUqpny AsewMiNa. 
lb: The 

low the Tth day nf eodb 

Ba= =____J I9B6 

^ 8 S2Sg'SS,, : . 

Account No. 17274584- “ Bao11 «-3P3DL. 





Existing Account No. (if any) 

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A gain if you tread warily 

C~ SHARES - ^) r 

Bed and Breakfasting - selling 
and repurchasing shares to 
establish a capital gain or loss 
before - the end of tneiax year 

. has been very -much a 
minority sport among inves- 
tors for the past few fiscal 
seasons, but now it is back in 
favour. ■ 

In the 1982 Budget it fell 
foul of the new index-linked 
capital gains tax arrangements 
and unintended side-effects of 
the ludicrously complex pool- 
ing rules. But the last Finance 
Act effectively restored the 
pre-1982 situation. Investors 
should give some thought to 
B&B before the .begriming of 

The basic principle is sim- 
ple. It is a way of using your 
annual capital gains tax ex- 
emption (£5,900 m the current 
tax year, shared by a husband 
and wife) to reduce the even- 
tual amount you win have to 
pay on your share or unit trust 
profits — without relinquish- 
ing your investment. 

The Bed & Breakfasting 
ploy of selling the shares late 
one day and buying back early 
the next is cheaper than a 
normal Stock Exchainge trans- 
action because you pay only 
one lot of commission and no 
stamp duty. And in tax. terms 
you will have, established a 
real gain or loss. 

Investors showing substan- 
tial profits — which must be 
just about everybody- except 
those unfortunate enough to 

(quiCKlXi lHe ‘NO MCANcyer’ SffN-/ 

\ITS 7h 

-me 7 AXHAN f 


Cheaper options for 
unit holders 

have invested in some of the 
specialist areas such as tech- 
nology — are clear candidates 
for B&B. 

For the annual capital gains 
tax exemption — the amount 
of profit you can realize in a 
tax year without paying a 
penny tax — cannot be rolled 
forward into the future. Inves- 
tors with realized gains of 
more than £5.900 already can 
also reduce the tax liability by 
establishing losses on any bad 
performers in the portfolio 
which they want to retain for 

But the understandable en- 
thusiasm to keep as much 
money as possible out of the 
clutches of the lax man must 
be weighed against the cost of 

Graham Mann of stockbro- 
kers Grieveson Grant says: 
“It’s not worth doing if you 
only have a couple of thou- 
sand pounds profit , because 
you are likely to be within the . 
annual exemption whenever 
you sell. And even if you have 
a large portfolio but it is split 
between lots of different 
shares. B&B could prove 

Fred Carr of stockbrokers 
Capel Cure Myers takes a 
similar view: “Some investors 
are fanatical about avoiding 
tax. But you can end up 
running a stockbrokers' be- 
nevolent hind if you are not 

He also points out that 
index-linking of capital gains 
reduces taxable profits in any 
case: Inflation, has. been low. 
But even so the retail price 
index has ' docked up an 
increase of about 21 per cent - 
since March 1982. 

What then is the cost of 
B&B? First there is the Stock 
Exchange commission of 1.65 
per cent, plus VAT of L5 per 
cent on that. Then there is the 
jobber's turn — the difference 
between the price at which 
you. sell and the price at which 
you buy back die morning' 
after. On a standard blue chip 
share it might be I per cent or 
less, depending on the 
amount. Apparently the job- 
bers want to make at least £25 
out of every B&B transaction. 

So it all adds up. For 
instance, doing a B&B on 
£5,000 worth of one share will 
cost around £120. For a 

£10.000 bargain it could be 
£190. Next year, according to 
Mr Carr, it should be much 
cheaper. And already you can 
B&B cheaper elsewhere with 
firms other than stockbrokers. 

Licensed dealers Cleveland 
Securities are offering B&B to 
investors for a flat fee of £25 
per deal on amounts of up to 

Qeveland's director Harvey 
Lawrence says: “We can still 
make profits on it at that level 
and investors who want us to 
B&B their shares for them will 
not get cold-called 

One reason why Cleveland 
ran offer such a cheap service 

Pay your money, 
take your choice 

is that the shares spend the 
night on the licensed dealers' 
books and do not go through 
the stock market Cleveland’s 
legal advice was that this still 
constitutes an arm's length 
transaction for tax purposes 
although it says it cannot 
guarantee that the Inland Rev- 
enue will see things that way. 

For ever since the Furniss 
and Dawson tax rase, which 
gives the Revenue powers to 
pounce on a series of transac- 
tions that serve no business 
purpose other than the reduc- 
tion or elimination of a tax 
liability, the City's investment 
parlours have been paranoid 
about what is and what is not 
an arm's length deal . 

This is particularly relevant 

when it comes to Bed and 
Breakfasting unit trusts. Tim 
Miller of Fraralington sa 
“We've got to be very careful 
after Furniss and Dawson. We 
are offering investors who 
want to B&B the same son of 
deal they could get if they were 
switching funds. They sell 
units to us one day at roid- 
■ price and buy units back the 
next at the offer price minus 
our normal 2-5 per cent dis- 
count on switching” 

With a spread of around 6 
per cent this means the trans- 
action will cost around 3.5 per 
cent. That is £1 75 on a £5,000 
deal, which is certainly not 

But it is thought by most 
unit trust groups to be safe, 
although some are offering 
cheaper options for unit hold- 
ers prepared to take a risk. 
Ken Emery of Save & Prosper 
says: “We are offering inves- 
tors cheaper alternatives. 
They ran sell their units to us 
at the bid price and buy them 
back for that same amount 
plus a fiat fee of £20. 

“But if people choose to 
B&B that way we can't give 
them any guarantee that the 
tax man won't turn round 
some time in the future and 
claim that it's not an arm's 
length transaction.'* 

So you pay your money and 
you take your choice. My own 
guess would be the country's 
tax men are so snowed-under 
with a backlog of mail that 
they simply will not notice. 

Maggie Drammond 

-/■RJB£M ttf M 30 / - 




djk Midshires 

HUy Building Society 

Iwssj between fl.DDD and DD.DOO in 
our fYsnum 3D account aid wel gwe you 
9.75% ns pa. iraerestwnhgnly X) days nottes 

d withdrawal] 

(Or ms am act ess with The loss cri |ust 
30 days interest). 




Or it your investment is owr E10. 000 we'll 
gtve you IIFittffl pamreesi! 

And providing your balance is over 
£10,000 after withdrawal you can aisn enjoy 
irtsiara access with no peralues. 

You can open a Premium 30 account raw by comptamg the coupon or by caftmg 
mro any AAdsfues branth.And. of muse, you can ope^ie your account by post d you 
fird that more amvenam So what are you waning foe? 



Phase send rnc/us your Premium 30 Account Leaflet 


• ft*, ^ ‘ * • ' — w " w 

Graft aaw^'»BvPr0Wffl3OA£CflWH ; ' 


Rid anWR^V ® prowrdinB 




.Post Code. 

n* saetty lamwp ncep «r P* Chew vwSm 7 dan 



QkrfOflica PD taBL 35-43 IkMbMSBW. WfifcaUamiamWVl 10. W. IDS0S7T071D. 

. Mv4a 4g v bW(SKC<n«BBanrihm4RgiM>&Mi fcndaVOKa 

in a 

Our cheque account offers 
1 2.6% interest - and no bank charges, 

Allied Arab Bank's High 
Interest Cheque Account offers you 
an interest rate other British bank 
cheque accounts will find difficult 
to beat. 

Our interest rate is an 
opportunity to obtain rates related 
to the London Money Market, and 
is quoted daily in the Financial 

Current Interest Rates 

Gross Interest (pre lax) 

12.W) f ‘n 

Nel ot' Composite RateTax 

«.42° rt 

Gres* Equivalent Rate 


Net Compound Annua! Rale 


Gross Equivalent 

Compound Annual Rate 


These rates are subject to change or . 
amendment according to market conditions 

Interest is calculated daily and 
credited to your High Interest 
Account monthly to give 
compounded growth. 

To open your High Interest 

Cheque Account, you need a 
minimum deposit of £5,000. 

Your chequebook gives 
immediate access to vour money 
with no loss of interest because we 
don't need advance notice. If you 
want us to. we can even arrange to 
make regular payments by 
standing order or direct debit.- 

No bank charges 

ForaJJ this, we won’t chargeyou 
a penny. We just insist that your 
High Interest Cheque Account can 
not be overdrawn. 

To open your account, you don't 
even need a postage stamp. Simply 
complete the coupon and post it. 
with a minimum deposit of £5,000 
payable to Allied Arab Bank 
Limited, to: High Interest Cheque 
Account. Allied Arab Bank Limited. 

(Allied Arab Bank is registered 
in England, with its headquarters in 
the City of London, and is a fully 
recognised bank under the Banking 
Act, 197 m.) 

Terms and Conditions 

< 1 l This dcoumf is jvjibble to private in Jo idiulfi 
U-ithi-r resident or non resident in Ihe UiO. duN. 
assoc idtions. charities and prules&iunal firm-., hut 
excluding corpora to investors (2.t A minimum 
deposit til L? IHm is required to open the account 
and the maximum balance [tut mav tv held on the 
account is- LIUU.IHK 1 . 1 .'.) The rate of interest w ill be 
displaced m nur branches and w ill be paid nr 
balances in ms* c l L2.(VKi. Il the balance ol the 
account tails to LZ.m.Hi or less, (he funds will attract 
an interest raleol’S‘ v n below I ho displaced rate 
Anv variation due to financial mar Let conditions 
will become effective ini media lek jnd inic-lure 
wilt tv advised be post f4 i For UK residents the 
interest will tv credited alter the deduction ol 
C » imps site Rate Ta , (CRT t I’m H iding a declaral ion 
■ ■1 mm -residence is received, the interest tor non 
L k residents will be credited in lull. I? I Interest 
u ill be calculated on a daily basis endeared credit 
balances and paid men l hie to the account or 
subject to the account holder's instructions ran be 
credited to another aiviumt at am bank m iheL k 
Note. Should a balance tall below L2.ihm. the Bank 
reserves I he nuhl to credit the interest to the HIlL'A 
account rather than torviml intere-t. 

(n i Statements will be sent quarterly. 1“ i Account 
holders are not permitted tc> overdraw Items 
presented lor piavntenl when there are insuiricienl 
I unds will be ret umed unpaid and a charge will be 
leered is j The Ran k reserves t he n>-ht l< ■ ret use a 
deposit or to decline to open an account or ro 
require a depositor Inclose an aCLOunt. without 
j;ivinj;a reason lor anv such decision |o 1 In the 
casL-t't a |Oinl account in thenames<>t twoor more 
people the Rank has authority to debit the account 
with cheques smned b\ anj oivor the -lire ivorot 
the account holders Where an overdraii i-cr<.MUsJ. 
t he account holders arc joint l« and -vi eralti liable 
lor I he debt Hot Hie Rank reseneslhe n>;ht to 
» an amend nr add In these terms and conditions 
sub|ect to reasonable n. <tice 

HIGH INTEREST CHEQUE ACCOUNT APPLICATION FORM: Please complete and post, with a minimum deposit of 
£5.000, to High Interest Cheque Account. Allied Arab Bank Limited, FREEPOST. London EC4B4HS. 

Full Name(s) Mr/ Mrs/' Miss 

(1* ! 

Please cipen a High Interest Cheque Account in my. our naniefs) 
with the enclosed remittance ot € ! (minimum 

1 . 2 ) 

It more than two please complete details on separate sheet. 
Permanent Address 

£5.(HHt) made payable to the Allied Arab Rank I /Wo a^ree to abide 
bv the terms and conditions as above applicable to the High 
Interest Cheque Account and acknm\ ledqe ha\ ing read them. 

Signed {1) ! 

12 ) 

Postcode . 

Telephone No. (Home) 
(Business) . 

Date ot Birth ( 1 ) 

( 2 ) 

Resident Qj 

Title tit Account (for cheque books). 


( 2 ) 

or Non Resident tT/B/k/3 

Mote: 111 Ail parties should siqn the applivaimn term. (2) Fit account* in 

the names of clubs and as-siviatums : : 

please forward a copy ot Ihe rules. [j^ ; [1^. ; 

(.'t Additional formalities may be ... ■ 

nevessary (4) If interest ts to be , . 

credited to another Uk banking • =4' ii= : 

accounl. advise us of bank 

Allied Arab Bank 

How to make an 

investment manager 
work harder 

No we don’t recommend the 
big stick. 

We recommend the grass roots. 

Take the USA for example. 

We’ve discovered that if you want 
to make bigger than average returns you 
have to move some of your investments 
off the beaten track 

You have to know the successful 
local companies and be able to spot 
movements in demand at a local level. 

Our staff are locally placed to do 
just that 

They live, work and go to baseball 
matches with the people who could 
affect your investment 
That’s one reason 
whv our US Funds have 

been so successful 

But its only one. For that local 
knowledge has to be combined with 
experience and investment expertise 
before it can be used quickly and 

No-one in the City has more 
experience, expertise and solid success 
behind them than MIM. Which is why 
we can move so quickly, adventurously 
and safely for our investors. 

And not only in the US. 

But also in Japan, in Europe and 
in every market our trusts cover. 

If you’d like proof of how much 

harder our investment 

managers work, get 
in touch. 



II Devnn>hire Square, Li indun EC2M4YR.Tel:GI-b2n 54:54. 


9 tsers 













Latest recommendEtion up 17% 

-in 6 weete— ...f 




No charges. Minimum £&UX) 



Full details contained in 
latest issue of the 


for your free copy now. 


2M FULHAM HD. 01-351 6022 



SMnM rt iHl i m 

3000 MMtprahM <M 

- tfcs uthHl ■■ m n nn 


■C. T* eftCatra i on. Mri AJ-OO (i 

n »■ am im* tm. < 

c mRSH, 1t msSrtAN*« > associates 

67/68 New Bond Street. London WIY 9DF 

tain MtM. tar wU tnrkaOr Mir MltlMHI “TW I 

ijrsotrd » i 5000-toorfli amor on unpiunmi n m»4l* «oo««ir» In mr anior «*mw •» 
hk imiNMun roiuir uMn' In nonMun <-* MM m&CJUi a nw raw ** »»«"« 
w> imr imnwr run actuaOi un4 tan MDni ninunil Ms potacv M w wr wtiai 

m r irvor earn inmign uwU Br am 

The leaflet and the bulletin are e s s enti a l reading for afl miens 
and cod e i nk B w e st e rs 

TAX RELIEF FOR 1 9 8 5 /6 

Ths atoftisanent (ioes kh ransnimt an invitation w aiteaix for shares. 


Ofier forSubscription under the lerms of the Business Expansion 
Schtrool up lo 500.000 Ordinary shares oi SI each at £2 per share. 

V- No minimum subsenption.S300.QW has already been raised from a 
private placing. 

^ The Company is engaged in the Estate Agency business in West Sussex 
and intends id expand its operations to other regions, including Surrey 
and Oxfordshire. The Company provides a full range ol residential and 
commercial property services and related services, such as mortgage 
and insurance broking. 

V Asset -backing to the shares from the Company's ownership of its 
freehold premises. 

^ Prospectus contains the following projections 


14 mon ths to 31 March 1987 (20) 

Varto31 March 19S8 312 

’tear to 31 March 19S9 62S 

The subscription list will open at 10.00am on Thursday 27 February 1986 
and may be closed at any time thereafter; shares u ill be allotted on a 'first 
come, first served' basts. A copy of the prospectus may be obtained by 
writing to or telephoning the Sportsors:- 


(Y£ni)eioli(ieNanona(.4ssocaiKfiofS«^n[ | ealef5aixllmtyxoenillfaDa!!ere1 

73 'Aim pole Street. London W1M TDD. Tel. 01-935 5566 124 hour service ) 


Sure and steady 
move in the 
unit-linked field 

■ The men from Norwich Union 
do not quite have straw sticking out 
of their hair but they do pride 
themselves on moving slowly but 
surely through the insurance 
fields. Three years ago they decided 
to make a positive move on the 
unit-linked field — many years after 
this market had been pioneered 
by the (ikes of Abbey and Hambra 
Life (now Anted Dunbar). Since 
then, Norwich Union has had unit- 
linked products available but has 
not actively promoted them. 

All that is about to change. Nor- 
wich Union has formed a separate 
company. Norwich Union Asset 
Management, to fire the public and 
insurance brokers with enthu- 
siasm for its new range of products, 
all linked to its unit-linked funds. 

But Norwich Union is still not act- 

doubles ycur money in six months 
and then proceeds to decimate it 
over the next year. So far as consis- 
tency is concerned, it is hard to 

beat the track record of fund man- 
agers Prolific. Over the four-year 
term, all seven of Prolific's trusts 
have outperformed the sector av- 
erage -in the case of the Special 
Situations. North American and 
High Income trusts, by a significant 
amount A El .000 Investment for 
example in Prolific's Special Situa- 
tions trust four years ago would 
be worth about £3,486 today com- 
pared with a sector average of 
only £2.170. 

And for those tookinq for income 
the story is very similar, investors 

jffldWTD «r 

•wj raw t'ccumr, 




who bought Prolific's High ln- 

ing hastily. Although the announce- 
ment of the change was made 

this week, the launch is not until 
June 2, so send no money now. 

come trust when it was launched in 
September 1974 would have an 
investment worth around £8,000 for 
every £1 ,000 originally invested. 

But more important, they would have 
received a rising income equiva- 
lent to 27.8 per cent net of basic rate 
tax last year, on the original 
investment Full details from Prolific 
Unit Trusts, 222 Bishopsgate, 
London EC2M 4JS (tefc 01-247 

try to cash a cheque in a Lloyds 
Bank branch you will now be 
charged a fee of 50p. Similarly, 
Lloyds Bank customers who cash 
cheques in NatWast branches will 
suffer a similar penalty. It is aU part 
of the battle for new business, 
but wifi endear neither bank to its 

The new range of products linked to 
unitized hinds consists of 

the i 

pension plans, an endowment mort- 
gage plan, which has been ac- 
cepted by most building societies, 
investment plans (both lump sum 

and regular savings) and a capital 
investment bond. Investors will 

be able to choose from any of 
Norwich's range of 11 unitized 

The move by Norwich Is dout 
curious given that it is generally con- 
ceded, even by the life offices, 
that unit trusts are a more tax -ef- 
ficient investment vehicle than 
unitized insurance company funds. 
And while the Pru, Clerical Mecft- 
cal and a host of other insurers have 
plunged into the unit trust field, 
Norwich Union is holding back. Its 
unit trusts will not be arriving for 
about a year. 

Overseas work 

■ If the weather has not driven 

you abroad, then work and the pros- 
pects of a high tax free salary 
may do the trick. "Working overseas 
for a period requires a consid- 
erable degree of organization both 
from a personal and financial 
point of view," says the introduction 
to Working Abroad, from accoun- 
tants Arthur Andersen & Co. The 
book gives details on how best to 
arrange your affairs to minimise any 
tax liability - both capital and in- 
come taxes. There is also a chapter 
dealing specifically with the prob- 
lems the self-employed encounter 
when working abroad. 

Public policy 

■ Endsleigh. the insurance bro- 
kers who have built up such a good 
reputation in the student insur- 
ance area, are branching out and 
offering a range of policies to the 
genera public. They include a range 
of discounts on household con- 

Price of refiling 

■ If you can afford thestac. 
mg sum of £1,500 you can a.. 
otthe two-day pre-renrernem 

courses run by WtJJtstm Mercer- Grant 
Simmons, in conj^ctiOTV^h 
Choice magazine and the Pre-Fpre- 

mont Association. Attfrfs sorter 
price the people wh o are m ost likely 
to have a profitable retirement 
took like the organizers. The course 
are aimed at employees who c an, 
hopefully, persuade their einptayers 
topay the hefty tee. Spouses are 

encouraged to attend but the fees do 
not include any accommodation 
or meals. One-day courses work out 
at £1,000. 

.Subject matter covered fnctodes 

general information on how to cope 
with leisure, health probterns and 
where to retire. But the guts of th e 
course concentrates on the finan- 
cial aspects of retirement, what the 

state provides in the way of pen- 
sion and benefits, company pen- 
sions, widow's benefits, 
budgeting and taxation. Details: Wil- 
liam Mercer-Grant Simmons, 4 
Southampton Place, London, WC1A 
SDA (tei: 01-405 4343). 

of shares rather tfan the specu- 
lative gams. - 

Guide to the maze 

■ That perenniet favourite, me 
Which? Tax £*v*ng Gun*?- is avail- 
able from the Consumers Associ- 
ation. agam providing an easily 
understood guxtetoourtax 
maze, including how to save tax and 
how to rathe toons m.Thfs year 
it higWigWs toe fact that perks such 
asacar, can be worth a wt more 
to you than a salary increase. "Whae 



_ j only £248. ft you recave a £3.000 
pay rise toe tax brtf would nor- 
i be a! least £900.'* says toe 

The Guide is a veritable at £3 to 
Which? subscribers. Which? is avad- 
aWe on subscription from toe 
Subscription Department. 
Consumers' Association, PO Box 
44. Hertford SGff SH.A year's 
subscription costs £31. 

Spring facelift 

tents policies with a 10 per cent pro- 
J house is 

Taking stock 

■ In most industries there is a 
rule that dog does noteat den. This 
seems to have been suspended 
in the cut-throat world of stock- 

mlum reduction it your.., — . 
part of a neighbourhood watch 
scheme. 15 per cent no-claims 

broking. “Stockbrokers and other 
financial intermediaries could do a 

bonus (undoubtedly the most sen- 
ray of deterring toe fraudu- 

slble way of deu „ 

lent daims), 1 0 per cent discount to 
afl retired householders and 
many professionals and a 15 per 
cent discount ifyou are prepared 
ay toe first £50 < 

lot more to promote wider share 
ownership, says Nicholas Huntoke 
of stockbrokers. Hoars Govett 
Financial Services Group. He re- 
call, Hoare 

vealed that DeatercaS, 

Govett' s "no frias" stockbroWnp ser- 

Key is consistency 

■ What any investor is looking 
for is consistently good performance 
rather than a fund manager who 

Copies of the booklet can be ob- 
tained free from the Publications 
Department, Arthur Andersen & 
Co, I Surrey Street, London. WC2FI 
2 PS (tel: 01-8361200). 

to pay toe first £50 of each claim. 
With any policy the discounts are 
only worth something if the premium 
is competitive in toe first place. 

vice has brought in nearly 5 
new clients in toe six months since it 
was launched, "i challenge any 
other firm to tell me they have put chi 
more cBents dealing in stocks 
and shares over the same period" 

he said. 

W ft you axe thinking c? re- 
decorating the kitchen to rs spring, 
you are in good company. 

According to marRstresearcbers, 
Minte!, almost two -toire ortoe ^ 

fj^^^jftSmes themselves 
within the next 12 months . Loans to 
pay for home decoration^ do inoi 
qualify tor tax rebef but toe bufidmg 
society festflt the cheapest place 

to bomw. Even at 13percent(wflft- 
cut tax relief] it is sbHiesstoan 
you would pay for an overdraft witch 
Works out at about 15 per cent, 
considerably cheaper than a per- 
sonal loan at about 18 to 22 per 
cent, and an absolute steal com- 
pared with the rate you pay tar 
credit card borrowing. 

Cash catch 

■ H you are a customer of 
Natwest Bank you will find that if you 

this is not exactly a snip at the 
top end of toe scale. Details: 
Endsleigh Insurance Services, 
Endsleigh House, Cheltenham, 
Gloucestershire, GL50 3NR (let 
Cheltenham 578578). 

He suggested that many potential 
investors, accustomed to taking a 
chance on the dogs or horses, 
could be attracted to making stock 
market investments — anathema 
to toe Stock Exchange Councfl which 
has in the past been at pains to 
emphasize toe "investment" angle . 

It’s July 1 

■ In our piece on bondwashing 
on February 22 we should have said 
that toe precision allowing you to 
dispose of gifts free of Capital Gains 
Tax without hairing to wait 12 
months comes into effect on July 1, 
1988,. not February 28. 

Stock up on booze to beat the Budget 

With ten days to go before the 
Chancellor delivers his Budget 
speech, wine shippers are 
advising buyers to purchase 
ahead to avoid likely increases 
in the excise duties. 

The Treasury is well aware 
of the growth in wine sales in 
the UK. The latest world wine 
survey by die Food and Agri- 
cnltnre Organization of the 
United Nations reports that 
between 1975 and 1984 con- 
sumption of wine in the UK 
rose from 3.7 litres to 9.4 litres 
per head, although we have not 
caught op with either the 
French (84 litres) or Italians 
(80 litres). 

An across the board revalo- 
rization by 5.5 per cent would 
yield about £785 million in a 
fall year. This is not unattrac- 
tive to the Chancellor since the 
impact on the RPI would! be to 
raise it by less titan half per 

For wine, bearing a duty of 
68.6p on a typical 70d bottle, 
it would mean a rise of 4Jp 
including VAT. yielding £30 
million in a fall year. Since the 
UK already taxes wine at over 
three times the rate to beer — 
the subject of an EEC Court 
case — it is unlikely that the 
Budget would distort the ratio 
farther. Revalorization on a 

pint of beer would take the 
I8.6p duty up by l-2p, but 
falling sales may discourage 
going beyond 2p per pint 

London-based wine mer- 
chants Haynes Hanson and 
Clark's recommendations are 
typical of the advice to inves- 
tors in their current newslet- 
ter. “It makes sense to buy 

Sparkling nines are particu- 
larly likely to attract the 
Treasury eye, both on account 
of the much higher sales and 
since EEC harmonization on 
taxation has to date been 
directed at still wines. Spar- 
kling wine clearances saw die 


V- V- Hi, ■ 

A Double First! 

For the second year running. Vanguard 
Thist Managers won the Observer “Small 
Unit Trust Group of the Year” Award. 

The average gain of our four funds 
was 36.7% — better than all other unit trust 

We have also been awarded the Money 
Management “Small Unit Trust Management 
Group of the Year” Award for 1985. We were 
the only group, by their criteria, to have 
achieved 100% above-average performance 
over one and three years. 

A contributory factor was the performance of Vanguard Special Situations Trust, 
the only Unit Trust to have l)een one of the ten best performing UK Growth funds over 
the last one, three, five and seven years. 

Short term performance is often a fluke — long term performance is not. 

A Proven Performance Record 

Over one, three, five and seven year periods, 
the trust is among the Tbn best performing 
U.K. Growth Funds*, registering gains of 
32.6%, 170.3%, 319.7% and 411.9% respectively. 
No other U.K. Growth Fund has managed to 
perform so consistently. 

* Money Management figures to 1st February 1986. 
Offer to bid, including net reinvested income. 

accordance with the guidelines set by the 
Dgiartment of Trade. 

You should remember that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down 
as .well as up. 

An Enviable Pedigree 

Investment Objectives 

The investment policy of this Trust is to 
provide capital growth 

from an actively 
managed portfolio consisting of shares of 
smaller companies and carefully selected 
special situations. 

These could be companies that have 
fallen on bad times, but are now 
turning round ; they could be 
companies that look ripe fora 
take-over or perhaps companies 
with new, innovative products. 

_ We also have the power to invest 
up to 25% of the Trust in USM stocks, 
as well as in traded options in 

General Information 

one of the City's most quoted and authoritative 
sources on investment topics. They currently 
look after over £1 billion of funds on behalf of 
institutional, private and pension fund clients. 
Since 1985 they have been a member of the 
ANZ Group, a major international bank with a 
worldwide network of offices and with balance 
sheet footings exceeding US$30 billion. 

Act Now 

Tb invest in this Trust, please 
complete this application form 
and send it to the Managers. 

For your guidance only, the offer 
price* of units on 6th March 1986 
was 39.9p per unit The Estimated 
Current Gross Yield is 2.86%pa. 

m if. for 1 pfilii of uni Lx tin 2 January I9Hti. 

Upon receipt uf your upplii-alinn form a comnu.-t note 
» jM Icscnl. hy 11 ivrUIicaa* In :BJHa,vs. Unit 
prii-es and y ietiis aiv qihiHxI in the Financial Timvi. 
Unit* i.nn he sold 1>ach U> file Mnnaui-Pi at not l«s» than 
file minimum bid priii- nik , i>i:iie>J urn formula npprwivd 
I *y Lh»» Dopjirunon 1 n| Tnh ly. Thr 1 is auihuri>eii hi 
the LVpaJ-ununt nf IVade :in*l omMiUitL-d by a Deed 
dated March K»Tl uis amt-ndedi. An initial ebanjeuf 5% 
i> mL-Iiiiln.i in the oiler |iiiiv»i unit*, fmm which 
remuneration is payable luipialifiiil inlermeilurie^ut 
ru Unavailable on roiunt The annual riiart!'* i-s-iyt at 
'V- I 'tin VAT of llli- value ■ if lheTnj«t >;isii|i|K>m..| to a 
maximum »1 1?- permitled in the Deed I. Till* inlc« Juried 
liwn the itnix, in*imi« , an*i (-.allowed /or in lh«*etim*nt 
CT*i' M yield. I iistril >i iti ' hk u ill lie iiaiil m hv yearly at 
the end of February and Aiusu-t- 

Tru-tis.': liii ,i I {tank of Scut hind pie. W/17 UM Braid 
Street. London Llli. 

M.maireti: Vanguard Tru.l ManuiWls Li nit led. 

IS Ifolhnrn Yiudiii-i. London fcX'IA U£C- r « telephone: 
nt-:5kidm>il. MemU-r ul lliv l nilTYtwt Association. 

Thi 0(0 r ix HiJ urnil. iU, (,» n> siih'UtH of Ehr. 

To; Vanguard Trust Managers Ltd. 65 Holborn Viaduct, 
LondonEClA 2EU, Telephone 01-2368053. 

I/We wish to invest (minimum £500i l £ 

in the Vanguard 

Special Situations Trust at the offer price ruling on receipt of my 
application. A cheque is enclosed, made payable to Vanguard Trust 
Managers Ltd. 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Missl 


First Names fin full) 

Address , 





T !»•*:» 

largest growth over the post 32 
months: the moving annual 
total is up 32.1 per cent, by 
comparison with only 2L5 per 
cent on all wines. 

Excise doty on sparkfing 
wine is £14.56 per dozen 
bottles. Customs make no 
differentiation between cham- 
pagne and other bubbly; only 
the VAT element rises on the 
final cost. Therefore, pre- 
Bndget purchases particularly 
for Grande Marque Cham- 
pagnes is recommended. At 
auction, larger size bottles of 
single vintages rather than 
aon-vintage are most in de- 

The Wine and Spirit Asso- 
ciation has made a. strong- 
attack on the doty levels on 
fortified wines like sherry and 
port, and on spirits. It does not 
accept the Treasmy’s view 
that sales are Caning as a 
reflection of changing fashion 
and says overtaxation, result- 
ing in a decline in real 
revenues, is the actuality. 

Revalorization on a spirit 
would take the present £4.73 
per bottie up 29.9p, yielding an 
attractive £40-milihm in a full 
year. Yet this level may be 
reduced on account particular- 
ly of the depressed state of the 
Scotch whisky industry. 

light wines from Spain and 
Portugal, following EEC en- 
try, are likely to come down in 

B.E.S. TAX Rfci.ILl*- -l 98 V.y» 

Conal Gregory 

The fast 
books is 


Antiquarian and Rare Books 

UP TO 1,000,000 SHARES 

t company specialising in the trading of antiquarian 
i id announce die opening of its new shop premises at 
106 Great Russell Street, London ViO. 


open until at hast 5th April 1986. 

VtshoB -welcome to new shop premises to view due current 
antiquarian bow stocks. 

• Trading commenced 24th December 1985-BlEJS. certificates 

should be available by end April 1986. 

For copies of the prospectus and ^plication form please fill in the 
or phone 0272 20051. 


To: Scock Beech and Co. (Stockbrokers), 
Bristol and Wfar Building, Broad Quay; 
Bristol B5I4DD f&fephows 0272 20051) 








Hus advertisement does not constitute an ofo » subscribe for shares which offer e 
only on the terns comamed in the prospect*. 




Sponsored by Guinness Mahon & Co. Limited 

Minimum subscription SUBSTANTIALLY EXCEEDED 
and successful issue assured.Share certificates to be 
posted before the Budget 

Action by Chancellor on property backed issues widely 
predicted. Thisisprobablyyourlastchancetoinvestin 

such an issue. 


• Outstanding, highly experienced Board -proven record 

of success in public companies and in this business. 

• Loans up to 100% . available. 

Ifyou already have a copy of the prospectus for 

• If you danothaveacopy-dorTt worry 
Ring 01-623 9333 NOW-24 HOUR SERVICE. 

... 1 I 

.. 1 -^ 

• j • V - .-,.,, .-v 

You are considering woririne 
abroad for a time but are you 
wondering whether, during 
your time out of the country, 
you can escape paying 'ever: 
growing National Insurance 
contributions? On the other 
hand, do you worry about the 
effect a spell abroad could 
have on your old age pension? - 

It is not easy to escape 
paying National Insurance 
contributions. . Generally,' so 
long as you still work fora UK 
employer, you have to pay — ' 
for the first year overseas, 
anyway. The main exception 
can be if you are in another. 
EEC country.. 

The detailed position is. 
complicated. First, if you go 
abroad temporarily to work 
for a UK employer (unless m 
an EEC country, or a few 
others covered by special ar- 
rangements) you have to pay 
contributions just as if you 
were at home. This lasts for 
the first year overseas. It 
applies if you are “ordinarily 
resident” in the UK and were 
■living here immediately be- 
fore your overseas job started. 

The Department of Health - 
and Social Security does not 
have an exact definition of 
“ordinarily resident" here, but 
says that if you intend to 
return to live here wi thin three 
years it is automatically, ac- 

cepted that you are “ordinari- 
ly resident”. 

If you intend to stay abroad 
for more- titan three years a 
DHSS decision has to be taken 
on your case. To enable it to 
decide, the DHSS wil] want to 
know how long you intend to 
be abroad, whether you are 
keeping a home in the UKand 
what you are doing with your 

Afier the fir$j*52-week peri- 
. od you no longer have to pay" 
National Insurance, but you 
-must then consider whether 
you want a full old age pension 
or not If you do, you can pay 
contributions voluntarily to- 
wards this. " 

If your employer sends you 
to work in an EEC country, 
and you do not expect to be 
. there for more than a year, you 
keep bn paying your normal 
National Insurance contribu- 
tions. ' ( 

I£ on the -other hand, you 
know from the outset that 
yourjob in the EEC is going to 
last for more than a year,, or 
you go to work for an employ- 
er not based in the UK, right 
from the start you pay into the 
social security scheme of the 
country .in which you are 

As in the EEC, special rules 
apply if you go abroad to work 
in one of the countries with 
which the UK has a special 

agreement The rules vary, but 
you will usually have to pay 
contributions either to one or 
the other country^ social se- 
curity set-up. 

What all this means is that 
you will not easily escape 
paying National Insurance 
contributions. One way of 
doing so is to work for an 
overseas employer right from 
.the start You do not then 
have to pay any contributions 
here, unless that employer 
also has a place of business in 
the UK. 

The position of self-em- 
ployed people is different. 
They do not have to pay any 
British fiat-raxe (class 2) con- 
tributions while working 
abroad. If they are not treated 
as living in the UK for income 
tax purposes, the class 4 levy 
does not have to be paid 
either. Nevertheless,; by pay- 
ing contributions when you 
are 'abroad, you keep your 
entitlement to state benefits 
when you return. 

It could in the long term 
mean the difference between a 
full pension and a smaller one. 

Information about payment 
of contributions while over- 
seas is given in the DHSS 
leaflet National . Insurance 
Guidance for People Abroad 
(NI 38), which can be ob- 
tained from DHSS offices. 

Joan Ferguson 

Hoare Octagon's latest Information 
Industries Fund offers higher- rate tax payers 
an opportunity of achkvinglong- term capital 

Since it is an Inland Revenue approved 
Business Expansion Scheme investors start 
on very advantageous terms - thanks to tax 
relief at the highest rate they pay on invest- 
ments of up to £4<XOOO. A 60% tax payer 
making the minimum investment of £2,000 
therefore qualifies for tax reKef of £1^00. 

But this is only the beginning. Uniquely 
among BES fends the.Hoare Octagon invest- 
ment strategy is to anKOTtrateq>ecifically 
on companies in die infonriatiqn indusmes- 
a business sector with particularly good 
growth prospects- 

The prospects are further enhanced by 
the fact that the fend will be investing in 

unquoted companies and new ventures 
carefully selected by an investment manage- 
ment tram with practical knowledge and 

The fund therefore offers the possibility 
of excellent capital growth over a period of 

and conditions set out in the memorandum 
describingthe Fund and the application form, 
a copy of which can be obtained by amply 
. returning the coupon below or telephoning 
01-408 0828. You need to act quickly since 
the fund closes for subscription on 26March. 

jib: Hoare Goseir Loaned. HetonHouwt. 31V- J25 HijJ» Holbom. 
London WCIV7PB. 

I . nRsvfbrautdfoOdcaibofiheHMKOctagonlDfinnuition 
Industries Fund MMS Pan U 

NAME i ! 

Investment m unquoted companies carries higher risks as 1 

uellistbechanceol father rewards- The exis enceof | 

^ i hcxcnsfcp is unewawn Why wxrefiets arc available | _____ 

\ m i-wmcstionwihinvouiwm through rbe Fund- ' i TH - E "* ONt - 



mennbereo»the Stock Exchange 

>I< X X ►!< X ►I* X X X X X X X M V< X vXX 
































(Company No. 1888381) 

Offer for Subscription - Sponsored by 
Chancery Securities PLC 

(Licensed Dealers in Securities) 

of up to 2,500,000 Ordinary Shares of 75p each 
at£1 per share 

London residential developers wiU be the main clients of this 
btuUsig company deferred payment teims. This will 

assist developer efients’ cashflow and payment will not be due until 

after the property is complete. Such debts wiB be secured, normally 
a mortgage over land and buildings. John D. Wood are 
Consultant Surveyors and Valuers.' 

Over 20% p-a. pre-tax return is anticipated on shareholders' funds 

used to finance deferred payment building contracts. 

Tax Refief-- The Company beefan trading in July 1985. Investors 

The Management Team trave considerable experience in property 
development and building. They only share in net asset growth after 
the first 61 % increase. This is more beneficial for shareholders than 
in several other BES offers. 

65% loan facility -appropriate subscribers need send a cheque 
for only 35% of their investment (plus documentation fee). 


Subscribers can decide in which tax year they wish to invest as the 
ftial closing date is 30th April 1986. 

This advertisement does not constitute an invitation to subscribe for 

7 c ©\ancery Secunnes PlC 12 Worthington Snee.' London WC1N 2NW 
01-242 2S63 

p-?j£ 4 ? s*?nd me a coev d foe Prospects o! Hone>gien Assured 

C^^JfjOiionPLC ■ , . . 

Worlds Premier Stockmarkets. 

The bunch of four new trusts from Clerical 
Medical brings doser to every investor the opportunities 
of Europe, America. Japan and the United Kingdom. 

Complementing our existing range of trusts, they 
will ensure wider access to the consistency, strength and 
experience of Clerical Medical investment management. 

Now; you have a dependable guide in every 
significant world market. 

ggj fi American 
lMEli . GrowthTrust 

The aim of theTrust is to proride long-term growth 
in assets through stockmarket investment in North 
America, largely in the United States. 

The Managers currently place emphasis cm the 
more cyclical industries such as electronics, technology, 
chemicals and paper, although less cyclical areas such as 
speciality mailers are also seen as likely to provide good 
growth opportunities. The portfolio is, however, kept 
constantly under review ana the Managers adopt an active 
approach in keeping with developing market trends. 
Esanutlnel ffnsx initial yield Ilf-.- Dtsmbuttun 15th May 

mfigfij European 

The Trust invests in securities ofEuropean 
domiciled companies selected for their potential to provide 
above average returns. The Trust will not invest in 
companies domiciled in the United Kingdom. 

The Managers wiD pin an emphasis on stocks 
which have the best growth prospects, and it is probable 
that investment wiD be concentrated in the economically 
stronger countries, like Germany, Holland, France and 
Switzerland, However, the portfolio will be kept constantly 
under review, and special situations in other European 
countries wiD be monitored and advantage taken of any 
good opportunities for investment. 

The Trust has the power to invest in the French 
Second Marche. 

Eenmated xn.'\s initial yield J rr*» Di.-Jnbutinn I 5 rh December 

w»!a GrowthTrust 

The Trust invests m securities of companies 
domiciled in Japan, s el e c ted for their potential to produce 
above average returns. Current income will not be an 
important consideration m the selection of such equities. 

The Managers will select a wide variety of Japanese 
securities tn order to participate not only in die 
fundamental long-term strength that exists in japan's 
dominant technology-based industries, but also tn those 
which offer exposure to improvements m the domestic 
sectors of the economy. 

The Trust has the power to invest in the Tokyo 
Over-the-Counter Market. 

Estimated gruss initial yield fly-.. Dambidnm I Sib 

Hitt And Share Exchange 

PlVCn ImTCDPQT If vou have stockmarket investments tosell,these 

tLXcD UN Icivc ji can generally he-exchanged for units in Clerical Medical 

INCDMETRUST Trusts, m many cases with a worthwhile saving on costs. 

3 . Return the coupon for details. 

TheTrust aims to produce a high return combining *n CAtnxrrC 

both income and capital growth from an actively managed f\Kiil 1LAR uAV UNuj 

portfolio of British Government Securities and other fixed ^ ^ ^ m C]cna ] Mcdlcal 

m ^^^swiDbetheptfoapalfonnofim« I menL through 


switching between different maturity groups to benefit LlrwA/Tn TvT\7trCT 

from changes m the shape of the yield curve, these returns T1UW lUlfNVCbl 

should be enhanced Minimum initial investment in the fund is £50 

Estimated its initial yield 10 5% Distribution- see General thereafter you can add amounts of £250 upwards to 
Injumuttnm Koldine. 

Two of the existing range of trusts, designed to 
produce maximum income and/or growth from United 

HnwTo Invest 

Minimum initial investment in the fund is £5 00 but 
thereafter you can add amounts of £250 upwards to your 

h ° Wine By Telephone- Units can be bought by telephoning 
the Managers' Dealing line (Free Linkline 0800 373393). 
Settlement wiD be required on receipt of the Contract Note. 
By Post- Units can be bought by sending a 

26.2.86 has been as follows; 

EQUITY HIGH INCOME TRUST -aiming for above 
average and growing income with prospects of capital 
growth +58%). 

GENERAL EQUITY TRUST - aiming for above average 
returns from a portfolio of United Kingdom quoted 

Wfii.Founded Expertise 

Clerical Medical Unit Trust Managers Limited is a 
subsidiary of Clerical Medical, a mutual society to 
which dints have safely entrusted their money for over 
160 years. Indeed, since 1824. die Society- has paid 
bon u ses to with -profits polic>'holders without abreak. Our 
philosophy is to seek above average long term growth, 
not to trie exclusion of short term performance, but to 

create the emphasis which we betieir to be most appropriate 

to the needs of our investors. Funds under management 
now approach £5,000 million. 

Today, and until dose of business on March 21st 
1986, aD eigh t dencal Medical trusts are on offer with a 1% 
bonus allocation of units, enabling you to invest m your 
chosen market on favourable terms. 

There is also a 25p fixed offer price for the four new 
mists. This fixed offer may be dosed early or the discretion 
of the Managers. 

Minimum investment in any one fond is £500 and 
you can invest either by post, using the coupon, or by 
telephoning, using our nee Linkline telephone service 
direct to our dealing department. 

Remember that the pnee of units, and the income 
from them, may go down as well as up. You should look 
upon your investment as long term. 


Ural PncwwJ Selling Units- Thr [mk*;. otimi-.and v i Ah are piiNnhcd 
dad, m*. Financed Tone, jnd Dad. Telegraph If Mjowiihi..wll 
i.ur win*. sonpK arniplncihrcnrioncineni cmibchfcAjrt'OurLcmiKaw 
ini nuimnio the Managers. "I on will rettn c ihcluT I Bid V jlurnoouruntu 
ruling iir> the da* itwL'cmlwrrrfJChrtuijndj^cqiicwVliwnMlh tn 
intwanlcd withm *ncti ^oriang days o! receipt m ihr UmU-rtriTkaie. 
Charm - An initial charge tMrKHudrd m the Oner Iwr ut nte units, and a 
mnnihl} .-turpi plus VAT ,d ihr v jJm- rd ri* fund i- Jcdu.-ird trum rite Trust 
to mrd the nxpcnws nl die Trusters and Maiugrrv 

Mavimuni Maximum 

Initial MnnthW Initial Mnmltls Ttpeol 

Charm- Charge Ghaiyr Chargr Units 

AmcrKjn C.f.gLih. Eunycan Gr.w-+ and Japan Cmath Tnnts 

,, „ l4 0. fl AoxinsdatHm 

(,di and F ixed Inirreo lisomr Trust 

S' Dwmhmum 

NoietThe^charpc-iV.illnoiheinaeaKidu.ithout tnmnihs wnrtetiiuitwt 

Accuiuibnon Unis - Inoimci. auiomattalK mmrsrrd and ivtltwd m 
dw l/ivi Prme. Once a .car Unitholders « iH receise a u\ wiushrr lor the 
uicoinrihes arr deemed tu ha. e mxned. 

Distribution Urals - Dtsmhunuti id incumr net 01 Kisx’ me ux trotn me 
CWnsal Medical Gdi awl Funl I merest InciimeTmsHMll he on I'AupiM- 
1 4 Nm ember. !5 Frhctiary. and 1 S May each seat, cumrnewmg I i Aupm 

Further lirfotmanon 

Unis mas he .hnupht at the ctirtmt dads pew aner the fiu-d ptxe finer 
Jitscs. The Itxed ptve otter ma» he dosed earls n ihe dtscrcwwi •■Jine 
Maiuprrv RenwMfWtm may he paid u.qualmed imcmedianr.jrtd rain 
are jsaiLthle un lesjurst. 

Ctmnact Notewnd Ccrrificares - C nmract Notes -ill he '^edori tr.npi 
,il mU irtstmciioiis.Unn Certificates ss-Jl uormaDi he issued unhtn 

Manager. - Oencd Mcifod L‘«i Tnw Manager, lamned Nam>* Ham. 

Registered Office - 1 $ St I amrt't square. London SVn 4QI 
Repulered Nu. IS»5*e<l 

Trustee: Midland Rani, Trust C.. nrtpam Ltmnrd. 

1 H Old Bnud SnecL Lsmdun EC^N I 

m ftjfiK iffl Unit TnisTj 

fa IT 6 * 1 llll" "I ^ " WI1 Managers Untiled. FREEPOST iBSSOt. j 

^■^■■‘^""iJRLSTOL BS2 0AB. I Vic ctivkisc a cheque made pasahle is> C IctiljI | 
.Medical Urn Trust Managers Limited lor i _ - minimum i <W r« trusi j 

I dencal Medical 
.American Growth Trust 

dencal Medical 
European Growth Trust 


Clcncai Medical 
Japan Growth Frau 

dentil Medical Gill and 
Fixed Imeresi Income Trust 





i B-riul MninaJ I an !ru*t Mjiuat. I muted Registered N. is 
Mcwitei'tiCI nil TruJ V—sijp»n 
4 u. h. nil riinoltubiidur. .1 1 Irtval MrdkJi lih] I ik* Cuiian,! 

Xikjrit VoTins lljin KtisimI Bid *HH kkpminr 

■ TTie prise up i>> March 21 m I^Sti will he 2 ip \ficr March 21s: ihe 

| ruling pnte will b< appiioiMe 

I Surname Mr Mrs Mi» 

HI Hi h tlin.MIM'1 
. FuD htrenjmev - 

ru-lv.' me JiUP' 4 
-si: Fiisi s^vn.g, T!an 

sr_ri l x.ran^e vhemi 


| Signature 

_ L jui VtSsjo 


' L«d ynia(u»xliii(ikivitnjfltJeiif Je^iKwyjrjlrU *1 
uiHt'K n k r H uj 'll.* I'rfi- s II- -I «*rr l 




0800373393 I 

Mondas - Nviav q am - ft pm Sarurdav 10 am 







MnimuRi tnucsenoa £500 


i-i 5 *= miknsiEk 



980 - 10 - 04 %= 14 - 34 % 

L s u v aS cnf 


Mmnrarn Invtsmeni ts« 

IB -25 S= 14-141 



«Coopoundcd AanmRaKlfiWntv hnta » Mart ietf» Acorn. Mtocam<aiMi* 
• CniEvMliiiltaiB^IUchKlmqti AuU«3<1»«! fa» lawm W Tr«» 

Bead Office 176 IsadnlM North End. Por<»*ooathPOZSM. 
Takpfewu <0705) 6923 1L 


Building Society 







Sponsored by: 


Licensed Dealers in Securities 


Direct sales of carpets and soft furnishings 
run by Stephen Cantor 



Fox Milton & Company Limited - one of the largest 
Licensed Dealers 'm the City have selected, from the many 
companies that have applied for sponsorship, two 
investments that look good m their own right (apart from 
the tremendous B E S. advantages). 

Write or phone now for prospectuses to:- 


I Licensed Orders in Securities) 

6 Ludgate Square, London EC4M 7AS 
01-248 241 

2417 (18 Lines) 



Thera era now aw 700 authorised Untt Trusts avaKawe. Our expertise, 
knowledge of markets & research facilities can assist m aswewig me 
returns you require. We shai be pleased to provide you with our current 
investment recommendation witfiour charge. 


Und Trust Advisory Serve* 1 

EmCxrsvy None Cuwrrs A«* 

Cation. Bnsxt BSS iSS 
Licences dodos » secunties 
Members d nasom 
Irt orn ali on reQureO INCOME 





T It 



Minimum £1.5 rnfflon exceeded 


Minimum £1 miffion exceeded 


Mb^hmum £1.5 mflHon exceeded 

AH offers remain open until March 14th 

f or;i Prm/’Ot'fiiA (eh'phon? : 

01-499 5066 - 01-434 1416 

Johnson Fry pic, U-rmyn Srrt-ft. London SW1Y6DT; 

J ilt-riM-.l f>. i>; S.-i - MViiji’i-riif N V.SDiM. 


i ii no* «n leiitil iot to inrett la ihiiq 

"Did IBB know that" 
16 of the top 20 best 
performing shares of 
1985 were all 

‘PENNY’ Shares! 

■■■■■■■■Mmaffiffiffil I Source- Omasnaml 

... and that etaiy single one, bar one, had 
been reco m mended hi the Penny Share Guide 

Of course, past achievement is no guarantee for future success, but we have 
said it bstore on many occasions, that there Is a ’definite logic' to ipenny' 
shares. . . tfw very fact dwt they sreso low means that they oftmquintftsraBy 
have only one way to go and that's up. The downside is stricdyErnhed but the 
up side i s almost fiterafty infinite as Wire & Plastic, last year’s PSG winner 
l + 760%) dedaiveiv proved, foflomnginatradftionsetbythfliatesaf Potty Peck 
and Pentiand Industries, which in point of fact were, at their peek, up many 
thoussndsotoercam. You might also be interested to knowtoatrmona of ihe 
worst performing shares of the year in either the large company category or the 
small (source: Daily Telegraph) had been recommended in PSG, so it's by no 
means a scattergun approach. Serious research does pay off. ff that’s what 
you 're interested in for 1986. just drop us a firw today, you could find yourself 
joining one of otv subscribers who turned £2,<85into £97,988ln 4 b years ... in 
'perm/ shares! 

To: The Penny Share Guide Ltd. 3 Fleet Street. London EC4Y 1AU 
Yes, please send me FREE details on 1 Penny" Shares and the "Penny 
Share Guide' . . . today. 3 


Address letters 




Fowler decision 
forces students 

to live at home 


Students will be particularly 
badly tut under the social 
security reforms proposed in 
the White Paper published by 
the Social Services Secretary 
Norman Fowler last Decem- 

Grants have been heavily 
cut during the past six years — 
since 1 979 the real value of the 
gram has fallen by 20 per cent 
and during the same period 
the parental contribution has 
increased by 1 70 per cent. The 
minimum grant has been 
abolished, leaving parents 
whose assessable income 
amounts to more than £1 7,000 
to make a contribution equiv- 
alent to that of a ftiB local 
education authority grant 

Parents whose income bal- 
ance is less than this pay a 
proportion of the grant deter- 
mined by a means-testing 
scheme. Only those whose 
assessable income amounts to 
less than £8,100 make no 
contribution at all 

The full grant amounts to 
£2,165 if the student is living 
away from home in London 
and £1,830 elsewhere. Those 
living in the parental home 
should get £1,480. Mr Fowler 
has announced a 2 per cent 
increase in these rates — a 
figure well below the 
Government's estimated in- 
flation rate of 5.5 per cent. 

These grants are still totally 
inadequate for the purposes 
for which they are intended 
Nevertheless, students have 
until now offset some of their 
financial problems by claim- 
ing housing and supplemen- 
tary benefit during vacations. 
This will no longer be possible 
under the new proposals. 

The following changes have 
been announced; 

.• From academic year 1 986- 
87, entitlement to bousing and 
supplementary benefits will be 
withdrawn for short vacations 
(Christmas and Easter). 

• From the same period. 

housing benefit will be with- 
drawn for students in halls of 
residence. This applies to 
many first-year students who 
are obliged to live in halls. 

• Changes to the rules for 
housing benefit will be made 
in time for the coming sum- 
mer vacation. Details of this 
are unavailable. 

All students will lose all 
benefits by academic year 
1987-88. After this date they 
will be expected to stretch 
their grants over the whole 
year, thereby losing potential 
benefits of about £1,100 in 
London and £840 elsewhere if 
they maintain year-round ac- 

As compensation, the Gov- 
ernment is planning an a n n ual 
flat-rate payment of £36 —this 
will, however, be means-test- 
ed in the same way as the 
parental contribution. 

The consequences of these 
arts will inevitably be cata- 
strophic for students. Jin Har- 
ris, student welfare officer at 
Liverpool University, says: 
“Students don't get enough 
money anyway — 40 per cent 
of them don't even get the foil 
parental contribution. Ifs go- 
ing to be very hard to remain a 
student if you're studying 
away from home." 

It seems likely that many 
. students will be forced to 
return home for vacations, as 
it will be cheaper for parents 
than having to give extra cash 
for rent and food. There are 
serious disadvantages: 

• It will hinder essential 
vacation studies, particularly 
important for final-yew stu- 

• Many parents wfl] find the 
supporting of a son or daugh- 
ter for 20 weeks a year a great 
financial burden. 

Jill Harris says: "These cuts 
are going to deprive students 
of one of the most important 
aspects of further education, 
that of a complete change of 
environment and the develop- 
ment of a sense of indepenr 

jm Harris: ‘Students are being deprived* 

deuce. People will be forced to 
go to universities and colleges 
m or near their home towns. 

Students in Liverpool and 
other northern university cit- 
ies and towns are fortunate m 
that accommodation is cheap 
and relatively easy to come by. 

n ■- — ■ nknlnon. 

Ben Whifeey,~a photogra- 

phy student at Salisbury — - 
lege of Art, is in no doubt as to 
the effect of the cuts: *Td bav&- 
to leave. I'm paying £30 a 
week rent, of which I get a 
rebate of £9 from the local 
council. 1 can only just man- 

The problem of maintain- 
ing year-round accommoda- 
tion is accentuated by the fact 
that many landlords require a 
retainer to secure flats over the 
summer if they are going to be 
empty for any length of time. 
This may amount to £200 in 
the provinces and closer to 
£300 in London. 

With no way of recouping 
this money in bousing benefit 
during the summer, most 
students wifl have to wait unto 
the start of term to find 
somewhere to live. The ensu- 
ing rush will pave the way for 
the more unscrupulous land- 
lords, of whom there are 
plenty throughout the coun- 

try. to exploit those who may ; 
have no other options. 

The only way cut is either to 

find work' or to find, a bank 
ban. At the moment tempo- 
rary jobs are scarce through- 
out the country, and the 
situation wifi undoubtedly 
worsen drastically wlwm the 
cots are implemented. 

Some areas will fare be tter 
than others — in London, for 
example, there are far more 
jobs than in Liverpool or 
Birmingham, both notorious 
for Their unemployment prob- 

The bonks have recently 
been subject to some criticism 
for excessive tending to siu-w 
d-trt* Is their policy likely to 
chawg p in view of the impend- 
ing cuts? 

According to a Barclays 
spokesman, apparently not 
‘t>ur attitude towards stu- 
dents remains unchanged, and 
we will continue to provide a 
sympathetic approach in 
caring for their needs." Simi- 
lar sentiments were expressed 
by National Westminster. 
Midland was still examining 
its policy, at the time of 

p ■**- 



Seas Geer 

±¥ M. 

t dry. r 




A New Uhit Trust Aiming for AU-Out Capital Growth 


ramlington European Fund aims for 
maximum capital growth through invest- 
ment in shares quoted on the principal 
European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular areas 
for investment. But it is a diverse and complex 
market: for investment success strong links with 
the continent are highly desirable. Our own were 
completed on 19 December with a subscription 
by Credit Commercial de France into Framlington 
Group pic, enabling us to combine CCF's 
expertise and knowledge of the European market 
with our own eminently effective approach to 
long term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate on smaller 
companies and tiy to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
marker recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The results of this have been good, especially 
over the long term. 


The two previous Framlington funds which have 
most closely followed this approach have been 
Capital Trust, investing in U.K. shares: and 
American and General Fund, investing in the 
U.S.A. Both have done well. 

Over the ten years to 1st January Framlington 
Capital Trust was the best performing of all the 
271 unit trusts monitored by Planned Savings 
over the period. It turned an original investment 
of £1.000 into £11.462. 

Over seven years, our American & General 
Fund (started 1978) was the second best perform- 
ing unit trust out of the 26 investing in North 
American shares, ft turned £1,000 into £4.339. 

The manager of Framlington European Fund 
is Philippe Herault. who has been seconded 
from CCF for the purpose. He is our link 
into CCF's research, while working in London 
with the other Framlington fund managers. 

The tund will have an emphasis on smaller 
companies: it is. for example, authorised to 
invest in the French Second Marche. "Wb are 

currently investing in the following proportions: 
France 30 per cent 

Germany 30 per cent 

Holland 15 per cent 

Italy 10 per cent 

Switzerland 8 per cent 

Austria, Belgium, 

Scandinavia, Spain 7 per cent 

The fund has powers to invest in Britain 
but will not do so initially. 

You can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order. 
The minimum investment for a lump sum is 
£500. There is a discount of 1 per cent for 
investments of £10,000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 

we shall send to you for your signature. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

On 17th February the price of both income 
and accumulation units was' 50. Op. The esti- 
mated gross yield urn LOO percent. 

Applications will be acknowledged: certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the registrars. 
Uovds Bank Pic. normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units may 
be bought and sold daily Prices and yields will be 
published daily in leading newspapers, when units are 
sold back to the managers payment is normally made 
within 7 days of receipt of the renounced certificate. 
Savings plans can be cashed in at any time. 

Income net of basic ram tax is distributed to holders of 
income units annually on 15 July. The first distribution 
will be on 15 July, 1987. 

The annual chaige is 1% 1+ VAT) of the value of the 
fund. The initial charge, which is included in the offer 
price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the 
rare of 114% (plus VAT], Commission is not paid on 
savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by 
Trust Deed. Ir ranks as a wider range security under rite 
Trustee Investments Act, 1961. The Trustee is Lloyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are Framlington Unit 
Management Limited, 3 London Wall Buildings, 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone' 01-628 5181. 
Telex 8812599. Registered in England No 895241. 
Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the 'Republic of 



I wish to invest 


in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £500) 

i enclose my cheque payable to Fratnlington Unit 
Management limited. I am over 18. For accumulation 
units in which income is reinvested, tick here Q 

1 wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 

in Ramlington European Fund 
(minimum £20) 

I enclose my cheque for £ for my first 

contribution (this can be for a laiger amount than 
your monthly payment). I am over 18. 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Miss/Title). 

Full first name(sf_ 




I Joint applicants should a!l sign and if n*ccessa*y 
gtu details separately! 

T 8/S 


Group PLC 

SunMl Group PLC operates . 

2 nursing homes providmg'frigh 
class accommodation and care for 
elderly, infirm, chronically ill and 
convalescent patients. 

★ Offer Share Price 90 per cent 
backed by net tangible assets. 

it Proven operating profit 

★ Over 90 per cent occupancy 
levels are being achieved 

★ Experienced, committed and 
successful management 

★ Investment offer carries full 
' BES tax relief for 1985/86. 

Offer for Subscription 

Cnder the terms of the 
Business Expansion Scheme 


(a member ofNASDHUy * 1 ' ' 

of -'v: 

480,000 Ordinary Shares 


The subscription for wifi he dosed when 

nCT c.D.. . » 1 iu ■ . . 

the Offer is fiiBv subscribed or at 3.00 jwrn. 

on 3rd April 1986. No application is to 
made for any part of the company's share 
capital to be admitted to the officio! list of 
the Stock Exchange or to the Enlisted 
Securities Market 

Copies of the Prospectus are _ 
available from 


7 Cavendish Square, London, TOM 9HA. 

Telephone 01-631 3015 

uns MJvBnxsimvr c >ct iviMrnnm to 


FOR 1985/86 

• - 
fcir. ; • 

■-I ' 



Offers for S ubsc ription under Hie Bu si n ess Expansion Scheme m 

Sponsored by 

Baden-Fowell, Chilcott & Co. 

Hamilton Bland pic 


* Asset Backed*- Swimming Pool Products and Vlfatersfides 
* £200,000 invested by the Chairman 
The Group has been trading since 1981 as a supplier of swimmina oool 
equipment Jooperatorsof large commercial swimming pools and water- 
slides. Th!S Often which is being jointly sponsored byTheTudorbury Group 
pic, is being made to fund the planned expansion of the Group’s activities. 
The Directors are projecting profits before taxation of £340 000 for the 
current year to 31st December, 1986 and £750,000 for the subsequertyS 


Li .„ , , , *£750,000 invested by the Directors 

Pax Hill Pjp fo already trading successfully in a growing sector of the Health 
Care market This Offer is being made to provide funds?!? mL 

disabled. The Directors are forecasting profits before 
“ h September - 

Winebanb pic 



^AssetBacfoec^Two Masters of Wine on the Boare! 

t- _ . ^'.yfr riTrH "T 1 Subscription lExceeded 

The Board of Directors combines management^dfins^oiiii ~ 
and recognised expertise in the setectiorTacquiSSon aSi^SL. ^E5£ en 25 
Burgundy and Vintage PodsSd 




. or 01-638 6339 (24 houreJ.Tetex 888729 MSOQ-G "° urs> 

MS ca-a 

Please send mo the Prospec tu s for Hantilton Bfand ple/RAX fBLL 


t* fc/w *n*faBrtfcolctcs 






Upta4qhc oi inw >s rto na wabepaiUtoprote sg lonaliptef^>fti»ftaaon f a wv^.- - enclosed).. 

ThBadt«tiaMmartdoegfWt<» n sMu » OT(n»fafionto*ut»gft»foratigM ^ 


w \ 









! r- s 

tr* ; 

•js ... 



-it? ® 

«IM r ~ - 


cash call 



Tbc pre-Budget flood of Busi- 
ness Expansion Scheme com- 
panies is throwing up quite a 
vanet yof projects for inves- 
tora. Our BES table lists all 
J}™ come across to 
d ate wh ich remain open for 

EJectrostore is a rarity 
anrong BES companies — it 

ro 1972 and made profits 
Dcrore tax ra. its last three 
yeara. The company is a 
flistnbutor of electronic, com- ' 
ponems, manufactures con-’ 
trtrf equipment and produces 
WCTfrwound resistors. . ft is 
lookup for up to £760,000 
through the issue of £ 1.4 
million shares at 6 Op each. 

For those in search of aset 
backing, the company, assum- 
ing it hits the jadcpot on the 
share issue, will have net 
tangible assets of 333p per 
oOp share. Its profits in the 
past three years are hardly 
going to set the town on fire, 
although unaudited results to 
the end of last year show 
£95,000 pre-tax profit, and 
Electrostore is forecasting 
£190,000 for the full year. 

The prospectus talks posi- 
tively about a USM launch 
after three years, which is all 
very well if it happens. U nlike 
many other BES projects, the 

directors’ options are not ve- 
hidesof greed. They will have 
to pay effective price of 
£1.60 per share. When you 
consider that this is not a 
heavy asset-backed venture, it 
is a healthy premium on tbe 
- level that outsiders are being 
. asked to pay. 

On the other hand the three 
principal directors are taking 
basic salaries ranging between 
£35,000. and B7JOQO a year 
each, plus pension contribu- 
tions, m one case off 14,300 a 
year, and a profit-related bo- 
■ nus which last year gave them 
an.added £45,000. 

You must bear in mind, 
however, that all three have 
worked together in the busi- 
ness since 1 972; between them 
have vast experience of die 
business, and unlike other 
BES issues have a few wel- 
come grey hairs between 

Pleasureworid pic, a holiday 
centre and theme park group, 
is looking for up . to £1.83 
miflibn, to reduce borrowings 
resulting from the develop- 
ment on the theme park and to 
fund working capital. It is 
forecasting a £7.25,000 loss in 
the year to March 31, 1986, 
and made losses of £23,000 
and £378,000 in the two 
previous years. According to 
the prospectus it will have net 
tangible assets which actually 
exceed the 145p price shares 
on offer if it raises the maxi- 

mum, while also providing 
employment for up to 340 
people in peak times. 

Investors being asked to pay 
(45p a share now, might like 
to bear in mind that only last 
week shares were allotted in 
the company at prices of 
between 132.625p and. 135p 
These fortunate allottees in- 
dude three nominees and 
clients of joint sponsors 
Goidehouse, who were privi- . 
feged to pay only 135p for 
their shares. 

Alliance Asset Manage- 
ment, which is looking to raise 
uptofl million to finance the 
establishment of an estate 
agency business, is another 
BES project where various 
persons nave been allotted 
shares, shortly before the pub- 
lic issue at prices below that 
which outsiders have to pay. 

Some 173,000 shares were 
allotted at £1.50p each, as 
opposed to the £2 price that 
the current issue of 500,000 
Shares carries. Keith Moss, of 
the sponsors Lancashire and 
Yoikshire Investment Man- 
agement, points out that this 
relates to a previous circular- 
ization of a prospectus to 
existing clients of John Math- 
er, the chairman of the BES 
venture, which was done 
when there was a likelihood of 
toying one property instead of 
the two that the company now 
has. . 

In effect, the project has 



Activity Sponsor T eleph o ne Infiv Mn Closing Date 

Acom Hardwoods 
Aten inte rna tio na l - 
Alan Paul 
Alexandra Hotels 
AKsnce Asset Mgmt 
Bamham Broom 
Branch R etiremen t Homes 
Bright Walton Koines 
Brash America’s 

Cup Ch a l an g aa 
Care Homes (UK) 

Charlotte St Restaurants 
Chy 4 Capital Hotels 
C ity Sh ops 

Coastal Resorts Hotels 
Country Gerdsno 

First Fine Wine 
Frew MacKsnzto 
Green Park Haetth Care 
Guerdten Care 
Honoyrrien Assured Const 
Hydrotech (UK) 

Locfcton Inns 
Loekton Retea Stores 
Private MedfcaJ Cartons 
Howcro f t Hoipfce Shops 
Saint Hotels 
Unicorn Inns 
What to Buy 
Theatre Royal Prestos 
Playhouse Theatre 

Fraser House Comet Dev . 
Pax Ifit .... ±- 

Bran M ome Coat Hemes 
EMct nal an ■ - 

First Retail 

HamBtonBtand - 
Highland Express . . 
London CoMectioa 
New Orleans Cate. 
Southdown* Hotel 
Stephen Charles Designer 
Stagecoach Hotels 
Suomi Group . 

Technical Production 
First Secured Hotels - 


Haif dressers 
Estate agency 
Country duh . 
Country ctub . 
Nursing homes 
Nursing homes 

Yacht racing 
Nursing homes 
Franchise shops 
Garden centres 
Hotefiers - 
Nursing homes 
Nursing homes 
Builder . 
Household Eqpt 
Public houses .. 
Franchise shops 
MecBcal centra* 
Hospice Joans 
Public houses 

. Wines 

Development ■ 
CoBHnurety care ■ 

Swimming pool 
Air Travel . 
Catalogues ■ 
Restaurant .. 
Soft fumfcshlngs 
Nursing homes 
Oaanlng products 

1 loteBers 
Medical care 


Hftchens Harrison 
. Capital Ventures 
PBR Fund Mgmt 
Lancs & Yorks Inv 

Iftpcorp Earl 
Anglo Dutch 

Johnson Fry 

Fast Independent 
Country Gardens 

- Bectra 
First Fine Wine 

Mercia VC 
•. . Pointer York .. 

• DJ Townlay 
Chancery Secs 
Guinness Mahon, 

. Guinness Mahon 

• ~ Johnson .Fry . 
Reeves & Naylor 

•' Johnson Fry 
Capital Ventures 

- Dartingtorr ‘ 

• Chancery Secs 
Hesettme Moss 
Robert Fraser 

Baderv-Powefl CbDcott 
' Bournemouth find- 
Strauss TumbuB - - 
BadernPowefl ChScott 
. FoxMBton 
Pototon York 
Fox Mflton 
Cemreway Devpt 
Pointer! York 
Prior Harwin 
HoHord Trust 

UTC Securities 










‘ 01-4333211 
01-5883047 . 

March 28 
March 31 
Aprfl 5 
March 16 
No date 
March 25 
April 5 
March 13 

March 14 
March 17 
April 2 
March 15 
April 3 
April 4 
March 17 
April 18 
March 14 
March 17 
March 18 
March 15 
March 15 
March 15 
March 10 
March 14 
March 16 
March 26 
April 4 
April 30 
March 26 
March 15 
March 17 
March 14 
April 4 
April 2 
March 27 
March 3 
March 27 
Aprl 4 
April 3 
March 25 
April 8 
March 14 
March -14 

Robin Boyle; Forthright 
turned into a better deal than 
it was at the time of the 
original prospectus. 

A. number of services which 
purport lo give advice or 
information on BES issues 
have emerged recently, in 
response to the wide-ranging 
choice of projects available. 
One of these has been set up 
by brokers Stancliffe Todd 
and Hodgson. 

It has two things going for it. 
Robin Boyle, the man behind 
the service: appears to have 
some very forthright views on 
BES projects and will put the 
“rip-off* projects straight in 
the bin. Secondly, the service 
is absolutely free. 

“It is apparent that there are 
a number of very bad schemes 
on the market at the 
moment,” he says. “Having 
eliminated the ‘shockers’, we 
then discard projects that do 
not look viable, that are 
extremely speculative or that 
look poor value for money.” 

It is worth giving the service 
. a go. Details available on 01- 
628 3321. 

Best BES is an indepen- 
, dent information service 
which will vet BES companies 
and prepare reports on those it 
recommends. It also intends 
to keep investors informed on 
the progress of recommenda- 
tions and assess their perfbr- 

People will be 
kept informed 

mance. The price of 
independence, in this in- 
stance, is £8S a year. Unlike 
Stancliffe Todd, the service 
will not seek to earn commis- 
sions from the BES compa- 

The first issue contains, 
reports on two 
recommendations — Finotel 
and Country Gardens, both of 
which are sensible choices. 
These two reports are detailed 
and comprehensive and bene- 
fit from personal visits to meet 
the directors of the companies 

The company says 
it will use lawyers and accoun- 
tants and, where necessary, 
experts from the fields that the 
BES companies it reports on 
operate. It all ■ sounds veiy 
mmmgndahle, if indeed this 
new service follows up its 
intentions. Details available 
from BES Investment Re- 
search Ltd, 60 St James Street, 
London SW1A 1LE (01-409 
1111 ). 

Lawrence Lever 

Income Tax Relief For 1985/86 

Of 3 . 000.000 Ordinary Shares At e! Per Share 

Arranged By 

Rritish Americas Cup Challenges PLC will be improvements have been achieved. 
a n addition to any well-planned Business Harold Cudmore will be the Skipper of the 

an exciting a - 1987 British Challenge. He won the 1 984 Australia 

Expansion ppruoj^j^ commerda| opportunm es ‘ Cup (the Australian Match Racing Championship) 

Rritioh narticioation in the Americas and recently skippered not only the top point- 

scoring yacht in the Admiral's Cup but also the 

which are ootennanyni&^. «•.«.» — i 

for the 1987 America's Cup. It will ha* two yachts 
nAi«ralia from which to select a chafengmg 
vachiV the 1987 America's Cup. Both British 
vachishave beenextfinsively tested at scale 
rainlt models similar to Australia ft the last 
winner and significant performance 

leading yacht in the winning British team for the 
Southern Cross Cup: two of the worlds most 
important ocean racing events. ■ 

The Offer closes on 14th March. 19S6. 

Copies of the prospectus offering shares for 
subscription in BACC may be obtained by 
telephoning 01-623 9333 (24 hour service) or by 
completing the coupon below 

wmnet and significant performance completing me coupon oeiow 

This advertisement does not constitutean invitation to subscribe for shares 

| '“ToTcuimieS MahonS Co. Limited. 32 St Mary at Hill. London EC3P 3AJ | 

j ggyjj f y ie _____copies of the prospectus for British America’s Cup Challenges PLC. ^ 

J Name. “ T ® 

, Address “ ” ' " T, ! 

most investors 

With over eight hundred unit trusts available and more being launched each month, how do you 
know which to choose? In reality there are only three basic types of unit trust, and M&G has an out- 
standingly successful example of each: Recovery Fund for capital growth. Dividend Fund for 
income, and SECOND General for a balance 

between income and growth. namn IUV% 

You should remember that new funds or LSSHI23 DIVIDEND FUND 

funds which suffer a change Of management if you n«d income which will grow over the years M&G Dividend Fund 
are likely to be more of a gamble than those could be your Ideal investment The Fund invests in a wide range of 
which can point to a long and successful record, ordinary shares and aims to provide above average and increasing 

M&G’s investment team has remained largely ^meanda>^about 50 ^h l gnfirtftantf»FT.>tenar,£sAii-shareindex. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. £10.000 invested in incivne units at ine 
launch ol M&G Dividend Fund on 6th May. 19€-3. con pared with a smulai 

unchanged for many years, and our long-term 
performance record reflects this. Past perform 1 
ance cannot be a guarantee for the future, butjt 
is-usualy the best measure you have of a fund's 
likelihood of achieving its oojective. 

We are offering an extra 1% unit allocation if 
you invest £1,000 or more and 2% if you invest 
£10,000 or more per Fund. 

The price of units and the ncome from them 
may go down as well as up. This means that unit 
trusts are a long-term investment and not suit- 
able for money you may need at short notice. 


Burtdme Scoecjt 

Year ended 































£ 10.000 






NOTES Aft income figures shorn are net cri basic rale la*. 

The Budding Society income hgurw are l-r’s above the average ol the rates 
offered <n exn year (source. Butov's Societies Association) 

M&G Dm idend capital figures aiear realisation values. ■Estimated 

Growth Balanced 1 1 -In 3 ' 1 

M&G Recovery Fund is probably trie most successful unit trust ever 
launched and the table beta wshows just how well it has achieved its aim 
of capital growth. The Fund buys the shares of companies which have 
fallen on tod times. Losses must be expected when a company fails to 
recover but the effect of a turn round can be dramatic. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE-Vaiue of £10.000 inuesiedat the launch 
of M&G Recovery Fund on 23rd May I9&9. «vafi net income reinvested. 



£ 10,000 £ 10.000 £ 10.000 £ 10.000 

11,760 &570 11.020 11.058 

26400 11.121 23*283 16.178 

102J560 17287 40,175 25.521 

274800 49.474 55.248 40J.63 

Year ended 

M&G SECOND Genera) Trust Fund aims for consistent growth of both 
capital and income and has a 29-year performance record which is 
second to none: It has a wide spread of shares mainly in British 

| COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Value ol 00 000 invested ai ihe 
launch ot M&G SECOND General on 5lh June. 1956. wrth nei income reinvested 

5 June ‘56 £10,000 £10.000 £10.000 £10.000 

1960 19,520 20.080 11293 12.483 

1965 31320 26230 13.492 16.093 

1970 46,480 30.540 17.143 21.636 

1975 79340 39.620 33.107 31.651 

1980 195v400 61.600 62.494 49231 

1985 546 J)00 176240 85.941 78.588 

FURTHER INFORMATION On 5th March 1986 offered 
prices and estmaed gross current yields were 

ktcome Accumulation Yield 
Recovery Fund 328 7p 421.4p 3 24% 

Dividend Fund 395-6p 1142 9p 5 00% 

SECOND General 666 9p 1301-lp 3 71% 

Pnces and yields appear daily in the financial Times. The 
difference between trie 'offered* price (at which you buy units) 
and the *b*d' pnee (at which you sell) rs normally 6V An initial 
charge ot 5% is included m the offered price and an annual 
charge ot up to 1% of each FuitfS value - currently V«% - plus 
W is deducted from gross income. Income lorAcamJahon 
units is reinvested to increase thev value and for income units it 
is ebstnbuted net of basic-rate tax on the following dates: 

Recovery Dividend SECOW) 

I All appfi cations received by Sth April, 1986 will be given an extra 1% allocation of units. 
1 This wifi increase to 2% for applications of £10.000 or more per Fund. 

1 Please invest the sum(s) indicated below in the Fund(s) ot mv choice (minimum investment 
I in each Fund: £1.000) >n ACCUMULATION /INCOME unis (delete as applicable or 
I Accumulation units will be issued far Recovery and SECOND and Income units will be issued lor 

I Dividend) at the price ruling on receipt ol this application. DO NOT SEND ANY MONEY. 

A contract note wJI be sent to you Stating > — ■ ■ ■ -- ■ — 

exactly how much you owe and me settlement Brefl 

date >our certificate win toncw shortly P — B 

Next distribution 20 Aug 15 July 15 Aug 
for new investors 1986 1986 • 1986 

You can buy or sell inits on any business day. Contracts for 
purchase or sale wiK be due for settlement two to three weeks 
mer. Remuneration is payable to accredited agents; rates are 
avavable on reguest The Trusteefor Dividend and Recovery is 
Barclays Bank Trust Co. LHTvtedartdforSECOhfD rs Lloyds Bank 
Pic The Finds are an wider -range investment s and are 
authorised by the Secretary of Statetor Trade and Industry 

|MN ilKCT 


IMl £1000} 

MAG Securities Limited. Three Quays. Tow bt HR . 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 458 8. 
Member of the Urat Trust Assocaboa 


TO 481026 

'.^r - i*f! 

If you had chosen fifteen years ago to 
save £20 a month in a building society, 
and bad left the interest to accumulate, 
by 1st January 1986 your total outlay of 
£3. 600 would have built up to £7,19 2. On 
the other hand, if you had chosen to save 
the same amount each month in one of 
our lamer emit trusts, M&G SECOND 
GeneraiTrust Fund, you would have buflt 
up an investment worth £16376, an 
extra £9484, 

You can start an M&G Unit Trust 
Savings Plan with as fittie as £20.^ You need 
not subscribe regularly but we strongly 

the Bankers Order foim^lty'savlng 1 ! 
regular amount you make fluctuations in 
the stockmarket work to your advantage 
because more units are bought when their 
price is low than when it is high. 

Unit Trusts are an exceRent method 
of investing in the various stoclcmarkets 
of the world, and are ideal for regular in- 
vestment overthe longer term They are 
not suitable for money you' may need at 
Short notice. 

The price of units and the income 
from them may go down as wed as up- 


Your Savings Plan subscriptions go into 
Accumulation units of the Fund you choose 
and income is reinvested automatically after 
basic-rate tax Further details of the Funds and 


A MONTH BY 1st JAN. 1986 

Wtf ■r.v.y i -i-m u LVj s' 

Amount paid m 

l ■ ESJ B55M KEE1 1 

M&G Recovery 2064 7.989 23.693 

M&G Dividend 2442 7.572 18036 

M&G SECOND 2JJ24 7.310 16.376 

EX Industrie 

Ordinary Index 2499 64B0 12.754 

Balding Society I 

Savings Account 1,487 3.823 7.192 1 

Source Planned Savings. ] 

AS performance figures mdude income rein- 

the Rules of the Plan are available on request 
All the Finds are wider-range investments and 
are authorised by the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry. 

The only charges are those you normally 
pay with unit trusts -5% included in the initial 
price of units and up to l a r annually (currently 
limited to *«% except lor International Income 
Find which is 1%) tor management There are 
no extra charges for this Savings Plan. 

You can vary the amount you pay and 
you are free to cash m youraccuniiated invest- 
ment or part of it at any time without penalty 

The securities in a unit trust are held m 
safe custody by the Trustee (one of the major 
banks). You can follow the progress of your 
plan by looking up the price of units and the 
current yield in the Financial Times or other 
leading newspapers. You buy units at the 
‘offer’ pnee and sell at the 'bid 1 pnee. 

i'v , * .-1 k k ii 1 * 

vested net ot basic-rate tax. The figures for the The tTunknun age for trie Unit Trust Savings 

M& 6 ft"* « yKxjld Plan is 14. but accounts for younger children 

J^^^ p ^ perfDrmarce,5n0Buaran,ee can be opened in the name of an adult and 
tor me ruiure. j desfeMted with the child's full name. 

TW«0U»fSTOWPMiLLlOWOCr,EC3l3b60 m Ol (K«niB»c'munaInfiT«UOOSBDiU 




each month to the M&G Unit Trust Savings Plan 

wid I eodose a cheque (made payable to M&G 
Seasides Unvted) fw my first sdneription o# 
£ | (you may wish to start your 

1 plan with a lump sum). 

1 wish my siiHCripttons to be invested in the 


] KnoFundi5«cledyDurplamwiI 

| be linked ta M&G SECOPJD 
















iSSSd. m-m-cn ssr imnu i 

Please payMRaiooH Wi rwiftmw BjnkPJ-C, 191 MpcMi»nStrp«.Chefa»ifard CM2 OtA. 

| Account N9-SS713Z70 lor me MU oimCSecuritiaElinitKl {SWINGS PlAN ACCOUNTl.aiulmg 

| Account No (LEAVE 8LAIK] I T 1 I T I 1 I II 11 ~1 mesw.« U 

wot 1 tor oasis 

The ones imB oe nfgarerec m me name of MSG 
Securities LmeeaandtWt* vow account under ire 
rules of me plan If Me Plan jcctiuKSB&nf 
openBafo r ;*eoen&htofa c*<'a pieasel.i:inh»reihe/uii 


<by wnfioui o®Bn> at ireod once nrtmg. 


urM lurDW orkt (i wntng Irani me, and debrt my acecnrt artli you Irffn t«<e to me nnBi SUCH WyflWflli 

I = — I 

-LiJ'IMS? if”* 
t*P'.iy»3rri-ac .ai.e 
This otrer is n« aiaiissi* :s den*: 



.finance and industry 


How you 
could cut your 
school fees 
costs by 80%. 

The Equitable has recently had an Educa- 
tional Trust established (with all the tax advan- 
tages of charitable status) , thars designed to save 

* — 

For. example, a single contribution of 
£9,491.22 could, after 10 years, provide 
£48,000 worth of school fees* in total over the 
following 7 years. 

Ala saving of 80%. 

Or yoH may prefer to spread the cost by 
ma fong regular contributions. Either way, if 
you’re thinking of putting your child’s name 
down for public school, put his name down for 
an Equitable School Fees Trust Plan. Cut out the 
coupon or phone 01-606 6611 for details. 

* ^P**" u rP m *A*rarmif imwduw Ionian ratn jpph ji th* nrar. jod iHji cnrrcm 

taolu ImKiifcjDtogBmuulhiniiwRmjiTiijninJilvuiifJuut Fmitmuinp.j, 

^*IUI BcbaiB B»|uJ||||p 1 >|.IHfrtH^a-Wl»CIUIJ «Wd . 

fbuomrafcdtn NjitxullStS. 

la The Equitable Ufc.FR EEPOST 4 Coleman St met. London EC28 ITT. 
Jo welcome further deraih on four school fee plan, tuuoang diem byz 
□A capital mm; □Sprudmcibc com over j period. 

< UK ra*inm no!,] 


n tnuunii « ■ 

i The Equitable Life i 

L w h You gain because we' re different.^ mm m J 




: i W1I ; 1 1 H III Sl» SKili 


(A SAVING OF 15%) 


SINCE 1978 BY OVER 40% 




☆ -fr ☆ 


LB (Life & Pensions) Ltd 
10-12 Exhibition Road 
South Kensington 
Tel: 01581 2611 (3 lines) 



Day time Tel. No: 

Lump sum available: 


Dialling a new line 
for legal advice 

You can buy almost anything 
on the telephone, including 
now legal advice. A £10 credit 
' card payment will buy you one 
telephone call to a London 
solicitor's office which aims to 
deal with a wide range of day- 
to-day legal problems. 

This is not the first tele- 
phone legal advice scheme. 
Those already on offer include 
a 24-hour legal service from 
Hambro Housely Legal Pro- 
tection Ltd, which its spokes- 
man describes as “legal first 

However, although the tele- 
phone - calls to Hambro 
Housely are free, you have to 
buy one of its Family Legal 
Protection policies before you 
can participate. The policy 
premiums are cheap at £6 a 
year but the policies are not 
sold separately and have to be 
bought as a supplement to 
other cover such as household 

-But before you take out 
your credit card or buy an 
insurance policy you may not 
need you should slop to 
consider the free legal advice 
services already on offer for 
everyday legal problems. 

The first port of call for 
most people are the Citizens' 
Advice Bureaux. One solicitor 
candidly remarked: “Many of 
the telephone queries that I 
receive could easily be an- 
swered by the Citizens' Advice 

Sheila Morley, of the bureau 
in Twickenham, Middlesex, 
said: “In an average day we 
deal with about 60 inquiries. 
Many of the legal problems we 
can answer there and then, as 
all that is required is to find 
out what the law is. If needed, 
we can recommend a solicitor 
immediately, but we also run a 
scheme whereby local solici- 
tors come to the bureau one 
evening a week. 


Share in the success of 
companies like . ^ 


tdsrks& Spencer 

\ % 3V> ^ 

to break & a & 4? t 

tost every ^ -d ^ ^ 

sh industry \ © o Sr 

s to thrive 

The FT Index seems to break 
through new “highs” almost every 
day— as the best of British industry 
and commerce continues to thrive 
and expand. 

Many companies are achieving record 
profits, takeovers abound - and a whole 
series of recent new issues, such as Laura 
Ashley, Abbey Life and Wellcome, have 
proved to be highly successful. 

However, to capitalise on the wealth of 
opportunities available, you really need the 
guidance and support of a team of full time 
professional managers who will “sort the wheat 
from the chaff". That help and assistance is 
available to you now. through the Eagle Star UK 
Growth Trust. 

Have you made big money? 

If you had invested fl .000 in our UK 
Growth Trust on 1 st October 1985. your holding 
would have a cash value now* of £1344. 

That's impressive growth. 

So. we're celebrating. 

On behalf of all the people who invested in 
our UK Growth Trust when it was launched, just 
over 5 months ago. And who now find 
themselves much richer. 

To celebrate their success - and to make it 
even more worthwhile for you to join them new 
. and share in the continuing fortunes of our UK { 

Growth Trust, we arc making a very special offer * 
to people who invest £1.000 or more in it before § 
21st March. For details see opposite. y 

■AlA»ibFi+niJH. M 

Nrtc.Wcappiccwto ihai 5 nraiite is onk'«> short period at M j* 
nme and ot course paw performance n no) necessarily a g Fof 
guide in the future Vni must expect unit prices, and the . 

income hum them, to fall liom lime to time as weft as nse. M *k 

The TVust’s Objective f l jt 

4 oKtfe 

The atm of this Trust is to achieve higher 
than average capital growth by investing in ihc S 
shares of a small number of carefully selected ■ 

UK companies. f H 

Approximately three-quarters of the Trust | 
will usually be invested in ‘special situations" - 
which may include securities quoted on the 1 

Unlisted Secuniles Market, as well as the • 

shares of companies just beginning to show # 

growth potential. 1 

All Eagle Star Unit Trusts are Rainbow * 

Rated according to their nsk'reward potential. K 
The UK Growth Trust is rated Yellow - Medium 

^vestments BTR 

g .# Excellent Prospects for 1986 

L A-r s 

In the past, you've often been urged to back 
Britain for patriotic reasons. Now. there is another, 
even more rewarding reason too. 

To share in the success of enterprising and 
prosperous British companies. 

Eagle Stars aim is to identify companies - 
large or small -that are under-rated by the market. 
So that, as time goes by and a more general 
realisation of their worth becomes apparent, 
substantial capital gains can be made. 

How to invest 

The UK Grcwrih Trust is available to everyone 
aged 18 or over. Simply decide how much you wish 
to invest (minimum £$00) - then complete the 
application form and send it. with your cheque, to 
Eagle Star Group. (LC43). FREEPOST. Bath Road. 
Cheltenham. GL53 3BR. No stamp is needed. 

Now you can invest by phone 

Alternatively dial 100. ask for FREEPHONE 
EAGLE STAR and speak direct to 
dealers. They will be pleased to take 
details of your investment there and hA 
then. Vbu can also use the FREEPHONE service to 
obtain further information about this (or any other) 
Eagle Star Unit Trust. Our experts will be available to 
answer your call from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on weekdays 
and horn 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. at weekends.^ 



Id tM*rWUmM«iuqn^LmiMl<LC4]| 

FREEDOM Bd* Hoad Cheltenham. Cifcn OS3J8R 

IU>ar4t«imw*l£ £5001 rfi 

ihrEdqlvSiji UKCrawih tiusl AtteQurnudrpaudbk-io 

Edqk-btdt UnuMdndgenmntclifMftJ. 

P»v,. \v-«'i 




Hfeh>lhridngtd»'JU brill (omnium ifciiwftrliiniumndidalAnws 
ul ttv citho |i'dv tuldc-. Iiuwwraol I) on dsrtMioipslK«i at pdpei 

if you mvesi 0.000 or more in the 
Eagle Star UK Growth Trust before 
March 2lai. APPLY TODAY. 

POce«*d WHd. UnrtvWl be rfocawd di the iMimg' pace rutnq on 

Hwddii-rt»tCTpiiJ vourjpfilKdlnn fin 1 ifiKk-. rtw -feuvnq ' price of 

iwsnrtirv Inwon Jb*iFrtrudrvl t <86 was ?l 7pandlh?«vnuMi 
grow lOmusI nuihe wgv I.Mt 

NolMdairliiijn lnrtuim » i m lb>«dlwlSWKh. 
Ktgeffk* w4i b rou*4nq adpntnwn) <4 igt tq It, & taken mtg 
dttajrt rnVcalaiUrioiid"bi.^'iiVl 'wfoq" pnen Nomully 
drtfewme brtwen pnee*. Onqfltna easts 
mef “■•re’h' v '' 1 '- U»k^U»Tl per TnMdwd 

^towdnuununerf nt ds)u«4 Iran Tiud s nemr 

Njnr jnd H Franc al Advncr til dWI 

IMuldt-iimlmiilUi T1 & 


Eagle Star Group 

Caglr Sur Um Manaqm Untied 
Trlqrfionr: (0242) S77SS5 


^ PMccaad 

_ * MrddlFDt 

M unDsnihr 

— M 

® No uadi 

— § 

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• tines 

I metbi/ 


I *™ 


• *Cor 

5 1 B 
3 m id«j 

1 lacc 
® oita 

« noil 





bootM. A»itironn ul itm Trust n rhe nwBmum 9tmh 

d# we MCmtut, be cammed m tvIniM on you, hMl 

rn l w i n 3 ttrrran » Mr oIvo»*l n i ^it n w t,lWnBaCT>dv«i 
•Cntrfti Nolewilfw»7clavind a UnnCenAuvusuA wdlwi 
2ttilav> B»aiold>nriMll stdie ifwiwnbcroturaKvoutwiebCKighl. 
UnBpreesdieVKivnnthpTenesatxfrtwFiwodt Tunes. 
Capital satn tab. Thr mi feus) 4w)l n not subject h uortdl 
oms lasdnd vhen uou sdl vw mivvou mI not hnr to Ddy 
ifratds. mic>s ww toidl^alnedodoKin 4it lusyM ewenllhe 
lax-fee ifaeJiofd «tueh <saMBH|r 15.000. 

Ife to n n>. Tdsantvbd-* eK deducted horn Trusis 

ok arte briaeiiisimnirdloruaibuihriiundqrrs IfyoudW 
railidMc nbdsc iMr ia>. WM<dnnbiinihL'd(nuunl 
deditKd. H gOu Pa )a* a* baMS idle, vau miR fuse no 

iuntierifes topes llfc«jdi l ejhM)hern!*Uipfe9ft.*>u<' | 4l>ai* 

lopredwadmuadl idled u»an a 
ImicertodUndBdnt TnMCaifHBxLunied 

M—igm;Eji^eS*di T>»r Mdojoers LBniVd Reqnleied 
OlkeJ nBni£eedkSMM LantanEORSBE- 
Regtofan The Rum) Bdnfe at Soaridud Ptc. 

“The service is free of 
charge and is by prior appoint- 
ment so that we can ensure 
that a suitably qualified solici- 
tor is on hand. 

Legal Advice Centres also 
offer free advice. One evening 
a week the. Fulham Legal 
Advice Centre in west Lon- 
don, which is fortunately not 
affected by funding cuts, has 
10 solicitors in attendance: 

No appointment is neces- 
sary, so you do have to sit and 
wait, but with so many solici- 
tors on hand a wide range of 
expertise is on offer. Hie 
centre does accept donations 
but regardless of your income 
there is no charge ■ 

Other sources of free legal 
advice are available. Members 
of the Automobile Association 
have automatic access to a free 
legal service which deals with 
all sorts of motoring prob- 
lems. Even if solicitors are 
instructed to act there is no 
charge. Their spokesman said: 

of expertise 

“The only time we ask for 
payment is if we take up 
negotiations on your behalf 
against a third party. There is 
then a nominal registration fee 
of lip to £15." 

Members of some trade 
unions have access to their 
union lawyers who will often 
deal with all sorts of 
probtem&jaot just employ- 
ment difficulties. Similarly, 
many companies, both large 
and small, offer their employ- 
ees access to their company 
lawyers — if not free of charge, 
at considerably reduced fees. 

A little publicized service 
open to all accident victims is 
the Accident Advisory 

Scheme, nm by local law 
societies up and down the 
country. The idea of the 
scheme is to help anyone who 
wants to claim compensation 
for any sort of accident The 
initial interview with a solici- 
tor is free and details of arras 
offering the service are avail- 
able from Citizens’ Advice 

Some enterprising individ- 
ual firms of solicitors are also 
offering free initial interviews. 
On PresteL London solicitor 
Paul Hancock advertises “a 
free initial interview for prop- 
erty mortgage and peraonal 
finance matter?*. 

Mr Hancock said: “1 think it 
is far better to see a client free 
to free than to' discuss the 
matter in a telephone call I 
rather wonder how many 
supplementary telephone calls 
you would need to really get to 
the root of the problem." 

A group of six firms of 
London solicitors, known as 
the Kensington and Chelsea 
Law Group, offers in its 
brochure “a no-obligation pre- 
liminary half-hour’s consulta- 
tion free of charge”. This 
service is also in the brochure 
of Glenvilles of Northampton. 

For those not able to find 
“free advice” the next best 
thing could be the£5 fixed fee 
interview offered by most 
solicitors. For £5 including 
VAT you can have 30 minutes 
of legal advice on a whole 
range of matters. 

However, you must ask for 
the scheme when you seek 
advice, or you could find that 
the solicitor may not volun- 
teer the service as it is hardly 
cost-effective. One solicitor 
commented: “The sum in- 
volved is so small that it is 
easier to give the advice for 
free as a gesture of goodwill." 

Susan Fieldman 

with 10% 

Readers who fed they are 
trodden upon by companies 
wife which they invest their 
money should take a leaf out of 
Helen Ash’s book. She refused 
to allow Allied Dmbar to get 
away with some shoddy ser- 
vice she and her husband 

Two yean ago the Ashes 
boflgfat more than £40,000 
worth of Allied Dnnhar’s amt 
trusts. Baying the units was 
easy. However, Mr and Mrs 
Ash daim they nsaally had to 
telephone more than mice to 
sell units, their fist call 
somehow seldom registering. 

Last year the Ashes tried to 
sell units in die Allied Duabar 
2nd Smaller Companies Trust 
More than £8000 was involved 
which they wanted to mvest in 
a new issae of Cable & 
Wireless shares. 

“It took abort five weeks 
from the date instructions to 
sell were issued to actually 
getting the money for the 
ants,” says Mrs Ash. “Each 
fi n»g we were fobbed off with 
excuses, and when we got the 
money there was no proper 
explanation or any written 
note of apology.” They there- 
fore missed the C&W issue. 

Mrs Ash, however, insisted 
that Allied Dnabar pay inter- 
est to cover the delay. Allied 
Dmbar offered 8 per cent to 
cover the period from seven 
working days alter the sale 
in s t ru ctions to the date the 
money was received. Mrs Ash 
msisted on Iff per cent — the 
rate she claimed that she coeJd 
have earned on the money — 
and she get it. 

Allied Dunbar blames post- 
al problems, a cheque that 
disappeared and an adminis- 
trative error. “The matter was 
settled aaucabty and we are 
very Sony for the delay,” a 
spokesman said last week. 

Taxman creeps up on life policies 

The Fleet Frieadly Society has 
written to the 2,000 policy 
holders who thowght they bad 
jnst miBwd to beat toe 
Chancellors Bndget Day abo- 
lition of life imruce pienti- 
nm relief (LAPR) two years 
a pt tin ton toera that toe Mini 
Revenue has ponced. 

Tax refief on' premiums, 
which amounts to a 17.65 pa 
cent, boost to toe amount 
invested, had been paid 4y the 
Inland Revenue to Fleet jip 
imtfl November. But now ft 
says that only those policies ; 
where the society had written , 
back to policy holders by 
Budget Day to confirm that 
toe policy had been accepted 
weald coutorae to receive 

Fleet is appealing to the 
Special Comntrasioaers over 
the rating. But even if it wins 
the case and the Inland Reve- 
nue pays the arrears of LAPS, 
the policy ladders will have 
missed oat on several months’ 
investment growth. 

Some insurance companies, 
like the Prudential, have given 
op fighting with the Revenue 
and are bearing the cost of 
LAPR on the asptoed poli- 
cies. Some friendly societies 
have jnst offered the policy 
holders toefr money back 

when confr ont e d with the In- 
land Revenue’s challenge. 

Bat Fleet’s managing direc- 
tor, Murray Cowles, argues 
that as a friendly society. Fleet 
accepted the members and 
offered ‘ SnuwHwto Hfr rover”. 

Tims the contracts were 
effected without toe need to 
conmrankate bade to toe pofr-' 
cy holders. 

Flea has already paid out 
11 death claims on members 
whose policies were taken out 
on March 13, 1984, Budget 

■ Legal opinion taken by the 
society indicates that they 
have a strong case. 

Vivien Goldsmith 



16.7% p.a. gross 

Under £10,000 12* pjL Neg. 

Over £10,000 12%% Neg. 

HIGH YIELD ACCOUNT, £500 mmhmim 

12%% p.a., NEG 

Deposits are secured. Rates are fixed. 

Interest b paid ann ually, half yearly or monthly .For full 
details simply send this advert’ with your name and 
address written on it. 

Enquiries from brokers, fimndal advisers, pension fund 
managers etc. etc. are welcome. 

BMD fOm nWB TMBITS, TT, Ucessto DmoB-Taters 

enowi i, wen t wimmc 

non (8274) 385887 « h iwwpli M e (1274) 737548 

Getting a ngtipob is one thing . 
Cuttin g the ties from your old one can 
be a different matter. 

A new job may be good for your careei; 
but what if youYe a member of your company 
pension scheme? 

Leaving your job can mean lasing some of 
your hard-earned pension benefits. 

London Lifcfe Pennon Protector has been 

created to deal with precisely this problem- VWth 
Pension Protector you receive a mobfle indvidual 
poicy in your own name. 

A fact which both you and your employer 
wil appreciate if you decide to move on. 

Ybu, because if you feav^ you simply take 
your pension with you. with the added prospect 
of improved benefits. 

tour employee because when you leave 
with your pension you are no 

longer an admirastrative bunienforyearson end, 
which you would be if you were stifl in a company 

Apart from afl th& Pension Protector has 
one other great advantage, 
tfs a London Life scheme. 

As such, in hacked up fay over 175 yean 
of experience and one of Ifae best investment 
records in the business. 

/ So you can be sure your money is in good 

/ handi And, because we do not pay commission, 
■ you can also be sure your moneys in your pension 

fund, not m some middleman's podoet 

Rnd out more about Pension Protector 
today Post the coupon and we'fi send you d 
the details. 



1 10Q Temple Street Bristol BStSVJ(ncnianpi«qoh«Q 

V yM IfeMjcw owdonsfcant JtarlUBwa «■ iM by bw 
» mder feMan ftmecnrlf you so w«i 

1 Pension Protector Plan. 

Tel Nos: Business : 


^London Life 


(Atorvative^ifyo^pre^ you can cal CaroteWoodygr or SaSyHB on 0900-7171 71 -free of cha^ej I 

( jpPJJi Cj* I±SjD 

-f- V S v 

"'■a ’* 

M -W- ) 




Insurers also 

It has now emerged that more 
large insurance companies are ' 
involved^ in an insurance di- 
saster - reported last week in 
Family Money — in which 
well-known Irfe offices are - 
denying responsibility for 
missing pensions and life as-; 
surance premiums paid to an 
insurance intermediary. The ' 
intermediary's company has 
now been ' compulsorily 
wound up. 

An estimated statement of 
affairs of the company con- 
cerned, passed to The Times 
this week, shows that at least 
sis life offices are involved. It 
also reveals how the general 
insurers have themselves lost 
hundreds of thousands of 

General Accident and Sun 
Alliance appear to have lost 
more than £54,000 and 
£36,000 respectively in the 
liquidation. Norwich Union 
appears as an unsecured credi- 
tor, with £23,000 debts owed 
to it Even the Prudential is an 
unsecured creditor for 
£22,000. Altogether 15 general 
insurance companies have lost 
more than £200,000. 

These significant losses, in- 
volving insurers who allowed 
the intermediary to act as their 
agent, highlight the inadequa- 
cy of the current systems for 
vetting the suitability of inter-, 
mediaries and throw into 
question the current proposals 
for self-regulation of the life 
assurance sales industry. 

Almost all the missing mon- 
ey was insurance premiums 
for general — non- _ l ife — 
policies which the insurers 
never received. However, un- 
like the life offices, the general 
insurers were prepared to take 
responsibility for the conse- 
quences and are understood to 
have honoured claims on 
policies for which they did not 
receive full premiums. The 
life offices are at the moment 
refusing to accept any legal or 
moral liability for their appar- 
ent endorsement of the broker 

Hhe general insurance 
companies played it very 
fair,” a solicitor involved in 
the case said this week.“To an 
extent it was^amUing money 
for- them. If there were justi- 
fied claims on the policies they 
paid out If not then all they ' 
lost were the premiums they 
didn^t receive.” - 
A legal argument . advanced 
by. some solicitors involved is 
that the broker concerned 
would in ' any event be the 
agent of the insurance compa- 
nies. not the assured. This is 
backed up by the general 
insurance practice of compa- 
nies sending renewal notices 
to the broker for passing on to 
the client, and generally au- 
thorizing the broker to collect 
premiums on behalf of the 

The life offices involved are 
taking a different line. Scottish 
Equitable, Clerical Medical 
and General, Friends' Provi- 
dent, Equity and Law, Scot- 
tish Provident and Equitable 
Life are the’ offices for which 
pensions . and life -insurance 
moneys were earmarked 
through the luoker Intermedi- 

.They take the view that the 
intermediary was not their 
agent, even though some of 
them were known to have 
agency agreerrunts with the 
intermediary and at least one 
of them is known to have sent 
notices to the. intermediary, 

rather than to the assured, that 

contributions were due. 
Clerical Medical has con- 
. firmed that it is currently 
; facing a £186,000 action over 
. missing pension contribu- 
[ lions, but refilses to say wheth- 
• er or not it had an agency 
. agreement with. the 
i mtermediary.“The' action has 
i been brought by the trustees of 
i a pension scheme who had a- 
. pensions contract with us. 
[ They are asking for a dedara- 
r non that certain moneys paid 
. to this broker are. held by us 
r for them," the company said. 

Lawrence Lever. 

Top Executives 

pension plans i 
beat all others. 

I Wc offer the best “with profits” pension plans. 

■ available, by combining maximum flexibility and 
| unnvalk^p^omianc&^u^^ ^ plaiine d Saving 

I magazine of 5 an'd 10 year regular premium wnb 
E promts pension plans for top executives and other 
I employees. The Equitable has come top more often 
! than any oiJiercompany. , 

£ Z ~ 

1 than by a record or such consistent excellence. 

a Howdo we achieve these results. 

I because as a mutual company, we haveno 

, shareholders to nibble away 31 the P ro ^*, . „ 

I Second, we pay no commission to brokers or 

I moreof yourmoney 

I And what's more, unlike most other companies 

1 we will not penalize you should you *ade to retire 
I earlier than planned - you get the full value of your 

I ' ^ E^fc^foaiuni^yousF^dm^^yom 

I world nclife with the same 6rm;you re unlikelyto get 
I themaximum pension, which ts 2/3 ofyourfinal 
I salary. If this applies to you and you make pension 
■ contributions of less than 15% of your curre '^f “^ 

I you could be eligible for an Equitable top-up^ension. 

! ■ SO ifvou want the best afl round ^on phan 

| available send off the coupon or phone 01-606 6611 


I b^scJjIvnw ,1 * rt - (UKr«klcai«sh) 

I V — vt. 

Ji„. % 

Tri- Homg| 

f. I>‘ 

l The Equitable life 

1 _ — You gain because we’re different. - 

Two ways I 
to win I 

— with I 

words of I 

wisdom I 

The Government’s keenness 1 1 
to promote the concept of 1 1 
wider share ownership has 1 1 
thrown the old established 1 1 
Wider Share Ownership 1 1 
CfflinHl into the limelight. 1 1 

• Right on cue, the WSOCbas 1 1 

come up' with a valuable essay 1 1 
competition — first P® 1 1 
£2,000 with £1,000 and £500 1 1 
for the two runners-up - for 1 1 
the best 5,000-word essay on I 
the subject of spreading share 1 1 
ownership in Britain. 1 1 

The competition is i being 1 1 

sponsored by Stewart Speiser, I 
an American lawyer, and it is I 

open to all residents of the UK 1 

agffd 18 or over. The dosing 1 1 
date is 'December 31,-1986, so 1 1 
you have plenty of time to I 

prepare your entry. ~ I 

“In 5,000 words or tes, | 
devise a plan for spreading 1 

ownership of Britain’s produc- 1 

tive assets broadly among the I 
people, and reviving the econ- I 
omy, without confiscation or I 
increased taxation," says the I 
competition entry form. | 

The judges are Lord Harris I 
of High Cross, Sir Robert I 
Shone and Sam Brittan. .1 

Preferably, entries should I 
be typed — you will stand a I 
better chance of getting your I 
piece properly read if it does I 
not strain the judges’ eyesight I 
- and it should be accompa- 1 
nied by a 200-word abstract, I 
giving a precis of the essay. I 

Full details and an entry I 
form can be obtained from the I 
Executive Secretary, Wider I 
Share Ownership Council, I 
Juxon House, 94 St Paul’s 
Churchyard, London EC4M I 

The council is also running I 
an essay competition for I 
schools. The Sainsbury com- 
pany is sponsoring this ' one 
and the prizes are £400 for the 
- winner and £200, £150 and £50 
for the runners-up. I 

Entries must be received by 
April 30, 1986, and the subject 
of the essay is a discussion 
based on the following: “The 
case for citizen ownership of 
productive assets is greatest if 
there really is going tp be a 
robotics revolution which will 
lower the value of most kinds 
of labour and increase . the 
concentration ..of capitaL 

- This is a statement from an 
article by Sam Brittan, who is 
an economist writing for the 
Financial Times. 

i Full details of this competi- 

['• tion can be obtained from the 
I same address. 



Fixed Cost £25 

up to £50,000 

Further details on reques t 


01-729 8020 


For a free copy of our 
I 1986 Guide, with JuU 
I . details of our top- 

1 performing funds and 
| both lump-sum and 
| monthly investment, 

| simply send this 

j coupon. 



J Name 


; ; .'...jw 



TOOC plan now 

Ivl/Ij for savings 

We can show you how to 
save money: whether you are 
a' parent or grandparent, 
whether you want to pay 
from capital or income, 
whether you are planning 
ahead or have left it late. 

Specialists in school fees pla nnin g for owr 30 years 

i 10 Queen Street. Maidenhead SL6 UA. , 
L Phone (0628) 34291 1 

Registered Insurance Brokers and 
BBk a member of BIBA 

Recommended by ISIS dBB 

■please poa me your tree booklet which explains 
| how 1 can meet the cost of school fees. 

- land] a parent. j 

■ | | a grandparent other relative or friend./ J 



Return to SFIA Ud. FREEPOST. Maidenhead SL6 QBY 

Guinness Mahon & Go Limited 

the Merchant Bank responsible for the largest 

BES company in 1984/85 is sponsoring 


* Minimum subscription SUBSTANTIALLy EXCEEDED 

* A last opportunity to subscribe for shares in 
a quality PROPERTY backed BES company. Share 
certificates will be posted before the Budget 
on 18th MARCH 1986. 

* Substantial asset backing in the form of retail outlets 

with VALUE MAINTAINED independent of trade. 

* No “Golden” Shares - 100% of the increase in 
the Company’s value accrues to ordinary shareholders. 

* Expert and experienced management in 
both retailing and property. 

* Loans up to 100% available. 

* For a prospectus or further information, phone 
David Ashworth NOW on 01-623 9333 - 24 hour service. 

This advertisement does not constitute an invitation to subscribe for shares. 

M' ■ - - 


THE ANSWER applies exclusively to those considered 

— to be- wealthy- Indeed, it is probable that 

As home-ownership increases a °d pro- anyone reading this advertise- 

perty values rise, it is inevitable that the raent will 

Inland Revenue will coUect^^^ — One \ 

i ?UH).0W «>uUl I* * ' LuinftdK 

wlm* M 

pi, urns » .jjt ki r 


diem -t-juieic 1 Tn** . . personal 

than. ^ lEi ihc hein- \ 

’ -rfSftw-SSSSlSt; 

i sgjsvga.’ju’jss— 



r v : 

eventually ha\-e a CTT liability. And it is 
most unlikely that a change of Govern- 
ment would do anything to improve the 

It follow-5 that there is an increas- 
ing need for people to arrange their 
financial affairs in such a way as to mini- 
mise the amount of CTT that may one 
day have to be paid on their estate. 

At various times, life assurance 
companies have devised oom P!j£?? ( L 
schemes designed to reduce CTT Liabi- 
lities for investors. Some of these 
schemes have been attacked by the 
Inland Revenue - some have not. But 
they haw often involved a degree or 

Instead of following this route 
SUN LIFE has applied original thought 
to the problem and has evolved the 
Flexible Transfer Trust which is simple, 
effective and contains no artificial ele- 
ments. The simplicity of Flexible Trans- 
fer Trust means that investors can see 
dearly what it is and how- it works. It 
also means that SUN LIFE can adminis- 
ter the arrangement easily and effi- 
ciently w ithout the need to develop 
costlv new- systems. This results in a 
substantial cost advantage which can 
be passed on to investors. 

For further details of our Flexible 
Transfer Trust Plan please complete 
and return the coupon or telephone 
FACTLINE on Bristol (0272) 49686 

, - S5!".£jSSEaS5»««- SKestT -.isS ^ MO STAMP REQUIRED 




Jtf < 

d < 

ng h i 
spec k 

ave !y n 
last x \ r 
in -e 
re r a ai 
Ifi I 

200 s ci: 

is t 
ayo^. ei 

y 20, c 

■ctedj- et 
r Fr n 
alesij. ii s 

'«* c ii 
nun a 
ame,f M 

10 e t 

,re ;n 
e cc-s e 
secl a or 
a>i^. w 



ie V 0 

t -TOy 0 

a -«C w 
<r.s » * 


IC ! 

anij ll i 
idfc h( 
s h. « 

^ £ 


al ■ • 

I Si 

- iol-k "few tiom £1 .5 

m : C ; jar .A-B. 11 

available shortly after ibe issue doses. 

Applications to subscribe will only be 
accepted no the units of the prospect us 
and on completion of tite application form 
attached thereto. 

Please telephone 0235-6339(10 for a copy of 
the prospectus or write to Country Gardens 
pic. Chilion Garden Centre. Newbury 
. Road. Chilton. Didcou Oxon OXl i OON. 

Sk*"**"^ * s ’* w i)ns ® 

bteTransferTrua - 

“ r -54 

TO: Sl*N LIFE Assurance SocietV’ pic. 
FREEPOST. Bristol BSl yi\ 


Please send me detaits ttf the SUN UFE Flexi- 

dK mS 

U * Hi0n /• 

no y; 

' • J Z* * Vr %■.; I 
TTkk***' 9 * *: ^ A ;y r i 

Name — 

Tel. No. 

Date of Birth — — 

financial .Adviser (.if anyV 





Sir Speedy 

■ ■ t*rint iny Caneram flo 


“»1^ ESS EXPANSION scheme 

01 Sp wen m C 1 JJ 0 par smn psyaMa » M on 
- Th*Ccmj)«i» Iih Immi ■•IMAiMaiMo 

» ™*>"C Cmarn 1 uxrton «lft i further 

■“■ "* fln p* 1 ® hu,lM " 

• lor Ngh oaptM wtm 

orBoaooo has bwn unotwmmi 
H52E2S1 U?f Wmum ■ppitanlon *500) 

J*«SE!E£L 5 li!_ ,1BW W*< hill may ba (tend « any fcm. 
fe SSP Ei”?*?* 1 ^pWMfCBWgMItM QflyrQr mwWWn WwOmnpg ftrNWm* 
tfaft** of w oOg an aynammi m ttm progaeka 


JJfcl Royal Exchanga Awmua. London EOV XT 

— * y d dm AreocaPon tt SWcK & Snore DeMn and the 
HaWnal Mnodon ol Sacuflcs Dealer* UJSM 

Telephone: 01-283 7671 

Withdrawal Facilities 

Golden Anchor Account 



^erossEquimtoitf Rate tea basic mtex payee 

Mg rtw crf BalWweSonaBreiiiloifl fl' lBii & mv mm P iW k i I w Orti a m a. 
Oiftowmo a iie a p l lw« m e nu nom lhU BB. 


Building Society 

rc r de !3 >:s cor, ra cf . - 
Pa-lsmoutn. ?0 ■ -B : 

Tax Relief 1985 86 

Offer for subscription under the terms of the 


sponsored and underwritten by 


Qcare HOMES 

Joint sponsors: london - LAURIE. MILBANK & CO. 

Dormy House. Suntittigciale. Berkshire, will provide nursutg 
and residential care beds Jor the elderly. 

This adverttsemem has been published by Anglo Dutch Limited 
and does not constitute an offer to subscribe for shares. 

Applications will only be accepted on the terms of the Prospectus. 

^Toryour copy of the prospectus please mail to 

I Anglo Dutch Ltd. Park House, lo Finsbury Circus, I 

London EC2M 7DJ or telephone 01-588 4278 I 



BES 1985/6 


T I 

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Minimum subscription of £L5 million 
exceeded after only 10 days. 

Possibly the last BES opportunity to 
invest in a freehold London hotel with a prime 
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• Recommended by BES Magazine 

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• Capital gain in excess of £500,000 inherent 
in initial development- 

81 Highly experienced Board. Managing 
Director personally investing £260,000 at pan 
8 60% hotel occupancy from one US Tour 
Operator who is in vesting at pan 
Ml Investors receive a 61% gro wth in value of 
their shares before management shares benefit. 
e Company intends to' build up a group of 
hoods with a view t» USM flotation. 

. Immediate commencement of trade 
BES Certificates available August 1986 

To obtain a r > u* p cc«m plcaac Sponsored by 

Qt -434 1416 ffb 

01-499 5066 and Co. Limited 

Licensed Dealer in Securities - Member of NASDIM. 
TTii* tuhrerdirment fci not an bwaadon to purchase shares. 

Buy without charge, pay later 

A new gilt-edged investment 
bond from Aetna Life has 
turned the conventional 
charging structure upside 
down fay allowing investors to 
buy at no initial cost, but 
p enalising them if they with- 
draw more than 7.5 per cent 
within the first six years. 

Aetna Life, part of the 
world's largest pubhdy quoted 
insurance company, is billing 
the bond as “the professional 
investors' building society” 
because the money can be 
withdrawn any time — either 
regularly or on demand. 

In essence it is little differ- 
ent from any other insurance ~ 

company unitized bond in- 
vesting in gilts. And as we 
have written many times be- 
fore, there is little to recom- 
mend either insurance 
company bonds or unit trusts 
which invest in gilts as you 
pay such a high price for 
management and it is usually 
more tax-efficient to hold gilts . 
direct as a private individual. ’ 

However, Aetna has gone 
Some way towards overcom- 
ing the first obstacle by re- 
moving tiie initial charge and 
replacing it with penalties for 
early withdrawal above a cer- 
tain level 

If more than 7 J per cent of 

the original investment is 
withdrawn, the excess with- 
drawal wfil incur a 5 per cent 
charge in the first year, reduc- 
ing by I per cent a year so that 
after six years all withdrawals j 
are penalty-free. 

This inducement to stay! 
aboard replaces the conven- 
tional 5 percent initial charge. 
There is, however, an annual 
management charge ofL25 per 

If you think it is worth 
paying L25 per cent a year for 
professional management, 
this could be for you. 

The special 
from Scottish 

Scottish Widows has a special 
offer for new entrants to its 
personal pension pin contract 
of a 1 per cent increase in the 
guaranteed rwth value for 
with-profits policies or an 
extra 1 per cent allocation of 
nits hi the case of the unit- 
Unked plans. The offer is open 
to poticyheMers who take out 
a personal pension plan be- 
tween March 3 and April 18. 
Scottish Widows has had a 
respectable track record on 
performance in recent years 
to get into the top 
ten in the performance table 
over five, 10 and 15 years. 

I i ; ! ; = 1 ; I i S S I 

y . f [ ( 

h — | j i i ■I...4 — — j— 

sjj^ffrajidjov^ M i M 

dnsjof^LPOy j *A nejuni Irjve&eq (jAIfoWmg for teix rfotefat 30%) j j 

I j j | | j { | ; g g . f j j j i SotbrafeMijy»fo 

** Prize for the most outstanding performance 
of the decade must stingo to Target Managed.** 

Hoary Mmitnr - FHtruy UHML 

**Ti*rget soars head and shoulders above aB 
rivals In the pensions field coming, once again, 
top of the performance league table.** 

miaa - Smnfcr ZCMiAkinct UW6. 

** Indeed the best performing contract in the 
survey was linked to Targets Managed Fund.** 

Thp mas TOW* - Mntty Mn Derate? 0(0 

**One Company, Ikrget Life, can actually boast 
an investment record that is so superior that it 
can afford to pay twice the pension of some of 
Uie others. Target stole a inarch on its rivals, 
because the Managed Ruid holds investments 
directly rather than putting money Into other 
unit-linked funds within the group.** 

Tk* Dtftr Masm* - aunfcgr 17t» IM Mi 

**1hrget Managed is unquestionably the Steve 
Cram of Investment performance.** 

MoMf UuafNMH - Oeuber W« 6 . 

**The top cash fund for retirement at age 65 . 
comes ftom Target Lifefe Nfanaged Fluid with a 
qpectaculariy good figure. This is dearly no 
fluke result since the same Bund swept the "w 
honours board in our October 1982 survey.** 

Morey llmgrum -JuntlMM 

••There is no doubt that investors who had the 
fore-sight or luck to put money in the Ihiget 
Managed Fhnd deserve a large dose of self. 
Congratulation.** Eawreh-1»naio*»lM« 

(MbM by or nreami tmoi 

1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 

. v oRV & Si M£ 



ONU I l:\KI onF.'HJi ’ARF. UUNKl 'RGH El 12 4DZ- TELEPHONE 113 1-225 1357. 

I To: Irory & Simt* pic, One Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4D2. Please send me a copy of the 1985 Annual Report for I 
Edinburgh American Assets TmsL 

j Name — 
| Ad dress. 

If you’re self-employed or the director of a 
private company, yoi/D know all about the tax 
advantages of investing in a pension plan. 

Your biggest problem win be selecting the best 
Grom the rest 

Obviously, the most important factor will be 
the size of your pension fund when you retire. 

All too often, this decision is taken as a result 
of comparing projected growth figures, whereas 
the only realistic basis for comparison is achieved 

The table above compares the actual results 
of an investment in the Target Personal Pension 
Plan^ - linked to the Thrget Managed Pension Fluid - 
with three leading with profits policies and two 
other unit linked plans invested in managed funds. 

What it doesn’t show, however; is that the 
Target plan has out-performed aO other personal 
pension plans over the last ten years. 

Whafc more, only the Target plan provides 
you with a guaranteed loanback facility* enabling 
you to draw on your investment whenever you like, 
with no additional management charges. 

"Sutgect io level nTjiremhim and acccpubl? security: 

And, with Target youtoe not committed to 
keeping up a regular payment You may vary the 
level of your investment to suit your personal 

Except, of course, with a growth record like 
ours, we think youT want to invest more rather 
than less. 

To find out more, fill out and return the 'fr 
Freepost coupon below. 




J Business teL no. j 

j Send to: Dept MF| Target Life Assurance Co. Lid. Freepost, i 
j Aylesbury, Bucks HP 19 3YA. TeL- Aylesbury (0296) 594L I 



1 ; — — ■ I I I TT.'OR'CS 


£j* I i *7/0 

From Join, Woodcock, Cricket Corresponded 

Port of Spain* Trinidad 

Total (tor Meta) 



— ia 

_ in 


Aft** being pul in and losing t .'- 1 ; » f . ' • ' 



ga Sttrsaa; assSfe^a 

“ Wli? overs these two had ~ a 

ma 4 e l °6 together untiL half ip^SSSf p ^" b<1 “-— -5- 
an hour after hutch, Gower **** — — « 

^ fes. before to Gamer. 

When nun stowed play soon ^ E ^ PHfa, '^ JQT, «"“‘° 

afterwanb England were 136 Hh»»»na 

for four, but after a 20-minute „ - 1— « . 

delay they subsided to 148 for ^LaSSiSdLSflS^ci 

SIX with the rikmiaya F G f BwjnV ABteMrf^frwOPwwfcMP 
Botham and Emburey. • °* B «i » a wiTa p 

From the- moment he ” — 1 — *“ rr—rmiinn 

tucked his first ball away to kg fc . ,, . , 

for two and played the second tlonairora hundred yesterday, 
with time to spare, Gower was Having survived a cotwwt- 

pro raising something very “ appeal for kx before off the 
much better than anything he ball of Marshall's third 

had previously produced on °Y ee * caught at the 

the tour. The pitch played wrctet off the fgurtti, a beauty 
much less awkwardly than “at and cut bade at him. 

expected, a score of 30 for ^ ** comfort- 

three giving mate a felse ab*® against Gamer as he was 
impression of its character, hanaswxj by MarshaH By the 
On Thursday morning the time Wilky was out to Patter- 
grass stood out of it, green and son Marstefl was resting, after 
m parts an inch lent But not bowling four overs on an 
any more. It would not be °PP ressjve ty hot morning, 
surprising to judge from the In his follow-through Pat- 
look of it now, if this were to terson is reminiscent of Wes 
become a high-scoring match Hafl. He finishes almost face 
England were pursuaded *° fat* with the batsman, 
that sufficient grass had been Yesterday be had trouble with 
taken off the pitch for a second his run-up, bowling 10 no 
spinner to be included. So, -balls, most of them when 
while Foster missed out again, lengthening his final stride in 
Emburey played his first Test the search for extra pace, 
of the senes. Smith and Rob- Though dearly disconcerted, 
inson, who both played at he soon had Willey caught at 
Kingston, were unavailable the wicket off a really lethal 
for selection. Smith with a bouncer. Willey, a master of 
back strain and Robinson foe “leave", was quite unable 
after a fever. For West Indies, 10 avoid it. 

Payne was behind foe stumps In the hour before hmch 
in place of Dujon and Gower and scored 78 
Greecudge was passed fit to off nine overs. Only 20 overs 
play. Payne and Slack were were bowled in. the morning, 
both winning their first cans, in fed but thev were full of 

8 KiSSfiSS* 

WEST HOES; c . a QiuhMBS. d l 
B MdMrdao^HAGMMa,C A 

^ A /Ssfg;sar» 

UtnpfcoosDAKNoroniiCroratm limii. 

tionalfor a hundred yesterday. 1 

Having survived a concert- 
ed appeal for leg before off die 
second ball of MarshalT s third I 
over. Slack was caught ax the 1 
wicket off the fourth, a beauty 
that Kfted and cut bade at him. 
Slade had looked as comfort- 
able against Gamer as he was 
harrassed by Marshall. By the 
time Willey was out to Patter- 
son Marshall was resting after 
bowing four overs on an 
oppressively hot morning. 

In his follow-through Pat- 
terson is reminiscent of Wes 
HaR He finishes almost lace 
to face with the batsman. 
Yesterday be had trouble with 
his run-up, bowling 10 no 
balls, -most of thorn when 
lengthening his final stride in 
the search for extra pace. 
Though dearly disconcerted, 
he soon had Willey caught at 
the wicket off a really lethal 
bouncer. Willey, a master of 
foe "leave", was quite unable 
to avoid it. 

In the hour before hmch 
Gower and Lamb scored 78 
off nine overs. Only 20 overs 
were bowled in. the morning, 


Winning start for 
Britain as Bates 
displays his touch 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Up tea a limb: in acrobat 
yesterday's rehearsals 

aerobatic as Natalia Miller and Evgeny Marchenko weave a weeping willow pattern during 
be Russian gymnastics spectacular at Wembley this weekend (Photograph: Tim Bishop) 


Langer certain of 
Europe’s future 

From John BaJQantine, Miami 

Hospitality tent 
troubles R and A 

Jeremy Bates gave Britain a 1- 
0 lead over Spain in their first 
round Davis Cup tie at Telford 
yesterday by beating Sergio 
Casa! 6-1, 6-3, 3-6. S-6. Casai is 
Spain's leading player and this 
defeat at the hands of Britain's 
second string obviously did 
nothing to dispel Spain's status 
as underdogs. 

At dm level of competition 
Casa! probably rises farther 
above the earth s crust than any 
other Spanish player since 
Andres Gixneuo, In his build 
and movement, though, he is 
more like Kevin Cnrren. But 
Casai, fine player though be is, 
lacks Gimeno’s touch and also 
lacks Cunon's almost terrifying 
first service. There were times 
yesterday, though, when Casai 
briefly reminded us that he took 
a set from Ivan Lendl in 
Antwerp last November — the 
first time anybody had done 
that since August. 

The contrast between Casal's 
corn-coloured hair and the 
much darker mass super- 
imposed on Bates could have 
confused casual observers about 
which of them was Spanish. To 
some extent this odd impression 
was reflected in their tennis. 
Spaniards have been more re- 
nowned than British players for 
flexible shot-making but on this 
occasion, especially in the first 
two sets. Bates was the more 
capable of artful tactical spar- 
ring and also had the better 

In those two sets Bales looked 
a class better than Casai, though 
their world rankings suggest the 
opposite. This doubtless lay 
partly in the mind, because both 
men knew that the fast court was 
supposed to suit Bates more 
than Casai. Whatever the rea- 

son, Casai could not have 
looked much less at ease h 2 d the 
green stuff underfool been that 
hazardously attractive moss 
prevalent on bogs. His service 
returns were not up to much and 
his entire game, by comparison 
with whai Bates was playing, 
was inhibited, tentative and 

Bates, mind you. deserved 
credit for encouraging Casal's 
self-doubt. Bates served wed 
when he needed to, was often 
brilliantly versatile on the back 
hand and played some low 
volleys that were almost breath- 
taking in their assurance and 
perfection of timing. He was 
reading the rallies faster, too. By 
the time he broke service in the 
first game of the third set, the 
disparity between them was 
such that British patriotism 
began to be tempered by sym- 
pathy, even a little embarrass- 
ment. on behalf of Casai in 
particular and the entire Span- 
ish contingent in general 

In that third set Bates was 
twice a break up. But he began 
to miss a lew shots and his first 
service became less reliable. By 
contrast Casai, now that defeat 
was imminent, lost his in- 
hibitions and began to do 
everything faster and better. A 
run of four consecutive games 
gave Casai the third set, though 
he had to survive three break 
points in the last game. That 
brave counter-attack did much 
to restore Spain's dignity and 
give them a glimmer of hope. 
But in the fourth set, games 
went with service until Bales 
finally broke through to finish 
what had become a fine match. 
It took up two hours and 26 

RESULT: J Bates (GB) tt S Casai (Sp). 6- 
1, 6-3, 3-6, S-6. 

>fo winning tbtir first caps, in feet, but they were full of 
Although Gooch was out off incident Watching Gower 

Bernhard Langer scored 69 in 
the first round of the Doral- 
Eastern Open and then talked 
loudly about the growing power 
of European golf: It was an apt 
subject as Ken Brown and 
Sandy Lyle, his Ryder Cop 
team-mates, had scored 68 and 
71. .Although these scores were 
all eventually eclipsed by the 
remarkable 65 by Mark 

foe fourth baH of the match, 
the second had a lot to do with 
his disxnissaL A bouncer from 
Marshall, it hit him a painful 
blow on foe right shoulder. In 
the ordinary way Gooch might 
have square cut the next ball, 
which was wider and much 
friendlier, for four; instead he 
got two off it, rather awkward- 
ly. He was then weB caught at 
third slip, playing tentatively 
as though in expectation of 
another bouncer. I dare say he 
would have traded three such 
innings as he played " in 
Tuesday's one-day mfcema- 


Southgate heading 
for a battle royal 

in fact, but they were foil of Galcaveccfaia, a load pro- 
incident. Watching Gower fessional, and a bunch of 66s, 
start I was_ reminded very foe Europeans are deariy going 
strongly of the way Graveney to mate foor mark here., as they 
ran mto form on this same ^„ been dowg dsewfacrc ** 
ground in 1968. He bad not season - 
been playing well Yet after “We have so many more good 

only two or three balls, as with in Eotw than pre- 

Gower now, foT/douds 

seemed lo tift from tagame. cfeancemfirtme Cup matc^" 
Graveney made 118 on that g{d Langer. “There area couple 
occasion and. nevpr batted of other young Germans who 
better. Gower needed his luck art showing a lot of promise and 
. yesterday, more, I fhmk; than two or three Swedes who may do 
Graveney had; but be hit some, .. 

lovely mots off the sweet of " langer confessed that he was 
the lal Lamb, more obvious- pleasantly surprised to find that 


___. ■ • - ■ ” 1 ' " . he finished fourth, and to do 

EY • some business at his Fort Pierce 

—T _ i dub. He still leads the Vantage 

course is tailor-made for 
1 ang er’s blend of meticulous 
aggre ssi on and his finish win all 
depend upon his putting, which 
these days is unbelievably bold 
but sometimes inconsistent. He 
has given up the crazy-looking 
putter, with three plastic balls in 
a plastic box, for his usual Ping. 

Lyle, whose wife Christine 
and two baby sons and nanny 
arrive today, took advantage of 
the wonderful free service here 
provided by mobile workshops 
to have all his irons re-shafted 
and made firmer and lighter. 

By Mitchell Platts 

An attempt by a promotions secretary 
company to set op their own cangfat o 
entertainment area at the Open party last 
Championship at Tnrobeny in in late a 
July is causing the Royal and marquee 
Andes! “a certain «■»"* of and on ti 
concern”. severe tr 

The company has apparently cause On 
signed an agreement with a a bom the 
farmer to rent a field of more "This 
than 10 acres across the road aware of 
from the dub boose area and question i 
they are seeking planning per- is diflem 
mission for a marquee. England 

Michael Bonallack. secretary ^*5*“** 
of the Royal and Ancient, said: * BCf, 1 5 mni 

After his immense driving per- “We want to stress that compa- 
haps their unfamiliarity made it nies are being asked to mite 
difficult for him to get the ball space in ‘tented hospitality 
near the hole. He needed only a areas* which are ontwith the 
little pitching wedge at the 425- hospitality areas organized by 
yard 18th, for instance, after Che Royal and Ancient. The 
bittmg the longest tee shot of the committee wish to point ont that 
day.’. there is only one area organized 

Brown’s 68 was his finest byfoeRand A and that other ar- 
opening in two years on this *•* “* °®* o peimt ^ . ** 
tour. “I'm a much better player author^ or recognition of the 
these days," be said. It is true. 

He is longer and more accurate they s ited wit hin the boundaries 
with approach irons and he mttie course, 
could win one of these weeks if “The company involved did 
he really gets his 1 S-y car-old approach os but we did not have 
hickory putter going. anything Eke the space they 

Marie Calcavecchia, the 25- required. And we have no plans 
year-old neighbour of Jack to increase our own hospit&iiry 
Niddaus in North Palm Beach area because we do not believe 
who last week caddied for Ken that would be in the best interest 
Green in the Honda Classic and of what after all is a golf 
had to qualify here, got in late championship." 
with foe leading score. j understand that the eom- 

HRST ROUND: L —dwv (US unless pany huolvcd could be seeking 

10 emert * in between 1.006 and 
Pivizar, R Mmd*, • swwtini be k •% aaa „„ nrta ■. j... w l« l 
B rawn (GSL J Thorpe, j Gatagher. E 2JWU guests each day which 
Port. G Ladahoff. 8 Archer. T Sffnpaoa would, of coarse, create an 
y yfeson. h additional traffic problem for 

Tewed. D Eflwwds, J Cctbert, O Frost fh _ c- v __ M Hu. mnMm 

(Sal 70- j Nddus, M O'Meara, HTwrtxy, tim ytica. bven no the company 
JC Snead, K Aral (Japan). H Green. R wffl first have to obtzm planning 
FtowJ. C Peeie. 71: H Sjmon. A Lyte (GB). permission for all their reqnbie- 

B SS^^^ KylealldCwrick 
Tway. 73: T MMekof* 8 Cmnstaw. C dirtnet coqnOL ... 

Strange. David Hill the championship 

Southgate, foe holders of foe 
Hockey Assocation Cup, will 
(day their second round match 
against OM KiORstonians today 
at Haggemon Park, Hackney, 
on a new artificial turf pitch. 
The winners will meet Houns- 
low in foe third round at 
Feltham School tomorrow also 
on artificial turf. . 

Southgate, at present on top 
of the London League and still 
unbeaten this season, are ex- 
pected to - beat Old 
Kingstonians. hi fifteenth place 

By Sydney Friskin 

lets of foe party shortly to depart to Ka- 
Cup, wifi rachi for foe Champions Trophy 
md match — Du foie. Shaw, Dodds, Keriy 
mas today and Batchelor. There is also 
Hackney, considerable supplementary' 
urf pitch, strength to test foe best in 
et Homs- Europe and the world. Still, 
round at should they meet Hounslow, 
►now also they will have no easy ride. 

Nine third round matches ate 
nt on top expected to be completed to- 
s and still morrow to bring the event bade 
i. are ex- on schedule. There are also two 
it Old tough fourth round matches 
mfo dace between Wei too and Bowdon 

Cup competition, worth S2 
million, and toe scoring average, 
with 69.09, and he is second m 
foe money list behind Hal 
Sutton with $141,692. 

“I'm also getting smarter," 
Langer grinned. “Last year, for 
instance, after frying 30 hours 
home from winning the Masters 
down under and arriving on the 
Tuesday in DoraL, I thought 
‘What the beck, Tm only 1 00 
miles from Miami’ so 1 came to 
play here and of course I missed 
foe cm." 

Dotal's giant “blue monster" 

difficult for him to get the ball 
near the hole. He needed only a 
little pitching wedge at the 425- 
yard 18th, for instance, after 
bitting the longest tee shot of the 

Brown’s 68 was his finest 
opening in two years on this 
tour. *Tm a much better player 
these days.” be said. It is true. 
He is longer and more accurate 
with approach irons and be 
could won one of these weeks if 
he really gets his 1 5-year-old 
hickory putter going. 

Marie Calcavecchia, the 25- 
year-old neighbour of Jack 
Niddaus in North Palm Beach 
who last week caddied for Ken 
Green in the Honda Classic and 
had to qualify here, got in late 
with foe leading score. 

RRST ROUND: Uarfara (US unless 
staled): 85: M Cafcaveochle. afc T KXe. T 
Pinzar, R MaRbla, T Stockmann. Bfc K 
Brawn (G8L J Thocpe. J Gb* so ber. E 
Ftort. G Lafflhoff. G Archer, T Sffnpsoa 
M: B langer (WG), T Watson. H Ineln, D 
Tewed, D Edwkrts. J CoSoert, O Frost 
fiA). 70: J Nddus. M O'Meara, H Twrtty. 
J C Sneed, K M (Japan J. H Green. R 

McEvoy is shooting for a century 

there should be a battle royal- 
between Southgate and Houns- 
low and it is generally Relieved 
that the winners of this match 
could ultimately win the tour- 
nament - . , 

Hounslow have a well-bal- 
anced and experienced side 
which includes two England and 
Great Britain forwards, Robert 
Clift and Kuibrr Bhaura. Nick 
Gordon, who distinguished 
himself while playing for foe 
Array, recent winners of foe 
Services championship, should 
at right-wing add sting to their 
attack. Much will depend op foe 
scheming of Potter in midfield. 

In Snutheate's souad are five 

wick. Wdton, who defeated 
East Grinstead- 2-1 in the thud 
round last week are full of 
confidence. Their strength lies 
in attack, where Stamp at inside- 
right and Welch at centre- 
forward, have been scoring most 
of their goals. Bailey, in defence, 
is a fierce striker at short 

Peter McEvoy starts the ama- 
teur season hesitant about his 
chances in the Berkhamsted 
Trophy today but hopeful of 
reaching a personal target later 
in the year. McEvoy, twice 
Amateur champion, is well 
aware that the Berkhamsted 
Trophy conies so early in the 
season that, especially after a 
harsh winter, prophesying vic- 
tory would be ridiculous. 

“The problem most amateurs 
face is that they have six months 
of concentrated gol£ then a 

By MftcheD Platts 
winter without any real 
competition,” McEvoy ex- 
plained. “I haven't holed a putt 
under pressure since last sum- 
mer and it’s been a nightmare 
trying to practise in foe recent 

McEvoy is aiming to play his 
100th match for England this 
season and move closer towards 
overhauling Michael 
Bonallack's record of 86% 
points from 131 matches for 
England. “I've got 71 points 
from 91 matches," McEvoy 
said. “There are 10 games all 

together this season — _ four 
against France and six in foe 
home internationals — so if 1 
play in nine of them I will teach 
my century. 

McEvoy has been selected for 
England against France at 
Hossegor, near Biarritz, in May 
and Graham Homewood, Roger 
Roper and Freddie George are 
other England men pencilled in 
for that match who wifi be 
returning to action at 
Berkhamsted today. 

George is defending the title 

secretary, said: “We were 
caught cold by the same cw- 

r iy last fear when they came 
late ami erected their own 
marquee at Royal St George's 
and on the first day there were 
severe traffic jams simply be- 
cause foe police knew nothing 
abort their own [wririBg plans. 

“This time we are all well 
aware of the situation and the 
question of planning permission 
is different in Scotland than in 
England where there is a law 
that states temporary erection of 
such things as a canvas maiqoee 
is allowed for a period of 28 
days. We seO a maxhnmn of 17 
per cent of our tickets to 
companies artag hospitality 
Baits and we believe that rs 
sufficient because we want to , 
ensure that the general public 
conti n u e to receive a fair 
oppordmity to attend the 
champ i onship ." 

In contrast the Royal and 
Ancient are ‘ extremely happy 
with matters “on the fairways" 
for in spite of the severe weather 
conditions work is ahead of 

Jim Arthur, the consultant 
agronomist to foe championship 
committee, said: “I've no wor- 
ries; George Brown, the green- 
keeper, has no worries; and so 
therefore nobody should. Work 
has con tinned on improving all 
the bankers and we have con- 
tained a touch of snow mooM on 
two greens caused by sand blown 
off the shore at a rate of knots.” 

Bonaflack ad d ed : “The early 
entries indicate a much M ro agei 
field than last year, with the 
majority of foe world's leading 
players already entered, and we 
are anticipating a crowd in 
excess of 140,000 compared with 
93.000 when the Open was last 
held at Turn berry in 1977." 

Putting up 
the money 

Europe's professional golfers 
will be playing for £5.4 million 
next year. 

Leading the prize fund boost 
is foe Sanyo Open at E! Prat, 
Barcelona, from October S-J2, 
which carries an increase of 
£55.000 to £175,000. The Ebei 
European Masters Swiss Open 
from September 4-7 goes up by 
£30,000 to £230,000, and there 
is anofoer significant rise at the 
Johnnie Walker Monte Carlo 
Open, in June, which will be 
worth £170,000. 

Krishnan makes an 
impact for India 

India and Czechoslovakia 
shared the two singles matches 
on foe opening day of their 
world group Davis Cup tie in 
Calcutta yesterday. Ramcsb 
Krishnan. mixing lobs with 
accurately placed returns, gave 
India an unexpected lead when 
he beat Tomas Smid 6-4. 6-2, 7- 
5 in blazing heat on grass at foe 
South Club. 

But Miloslav Mecir who. at 
No. 13. is the highest world 

Slovak side in foe absence of 
Ivan Lendl defeated foe Indian 
captain, Vijay Amriiraj, 6-0. 7- 
5, 64. Mecir. who is 10 years 
younger than his 32-year-old 
opponent, attacked Amriiraj 
with powerful serves and fore- 
hands cross court, repeatedly 
wrong-footing the Indian. 

In Auckland, Kelly Evernden. 
of New Zealand fought back 
from two sets down to defeat 
Paul McNaroee, of Aust ra lia, in 
their world group tie. Two sets 
down and trailing in the third. 

Evernden won 9*11, 3-6, 64, 6- 
3. 64. 

Peter McNamara defeated 
Chris Lewis 6-2, 7-5, 64 in the 
other first-day singles tie to put 
the countries level at 1-1. 

The Italian No. 1. Francesco 
Canceliotti. outplayed Hugo 
Chapacu 64. 6-2, 61, to give 
Italy a 1-0 lead against Paraguay 
in their world group tie in 
Palermo. Sicily. But Canceliotti, 

two hours and a half to defeat 
foe Paraguayan, who is ranked 
319to in the world. The Italian 
dominated throughout with 
crisp ground strokes and power- 
ful serving on foe clay court 

Bad light stopped play in the 
second match, between Victor 
Peed of Paraguay and Claudio 
Panaua of Italy. Pecci won foe 
first set 64. Panana won the 
second 11-9 and foe players 
were equal on five games all in 
the third. 


Kelly complimentary 
and almost confident 

From John Wflcockson, Toulon 



Ciniglio to the defence Graham’s title chance 

Steve Badddey and Nick Clyde bank on Thursday. 

Yates, England's two leading YACHTING: Seven of foe 

badminton tingles players, un- 
der criticism for being unavail- 
able for ' the European 

Round-The-World race Beet 
have rounded Cape Horn safely. 
The leading yacht, UBFSwitzer- 

Championships in Sweden bier land expects to arrive at Puma 
this month, were defended yes- Del Espe on Monday, 
today by Ciro Oniglio, of DRESSAGE: It was confirmed 
-Walker International, foe oan- yesterday that toe 1987 Euro- 
pany that handles, their affeus. pean championships are to be 
“Steve and Nick informed toe held at Goodwood, Sussex, for 

^Badminton Association m wnt- the first time (Jenny MacArthur 
ing back in September that toe -writes). Fears that Britain might 
European Championships did ^ event because of foe 
not fit into their s c hed ule, difficulties of finding a sponsor 
Ciniglio said. were dispelled when toe British 

• Scotland beat Ireland 4-3 in Horse Society agreed to act as 
an under-2! international at guarantors. 

Banff Alberta (Reuter) — The 
women's World Cup downhill 
tide may be decided here today 
when foe local favourite Laurie 
Graham takes on her two chief 
European rivals in foe penul- 
timate race of the season. 

Graham will probably have to 
capture either the race here on 
Sunshine Mountain or next 
Saturday's event at Vail, Colo- 
rado, to claim the title. 

But even if she wins in one of 
the races she must also hope that 
neither Maria Walliser, of 
Switzerland, nor Katrin 
Gutensohn. of Austria, wins or 
is second in foe other. 

Graham, who won one of two 
races here last year on a slightly 
different course, has five points 
less than Walliser and Gul- 

“In just about any other year, 
Laurie would already have 

won," the Canadian coach Cur- 
rie Chapman said 

The world’s best woman 
dowhill racers are generally 
pleased with the course after 
testing it on training runs. 
Walliser, who also won here last 
year, said the bottom of the 
2,435-metre run is flat but with 
many jumps that make it diffi- 

Sean Kelly was full of com- 
pliments for his team yesterday 
after he finished second on the 
fifth stage of Paris-Nice race and 
increased his overall lead going 
into the final weekend. 

“The team rode better than I 
thought they were capable of," 
he said- “There were attacks all 
day but my team-mates chased 
everything down.” 

With three French, three 
Swiss, a Belgian and a Spaniard 
supporting the Irishman so well, 
bis final victory seems assured. 

fnaki Gaston, the Spaniard, 
was particularly effective up foe 
Spectacular, 3.5-mile climb to 
the finish on Mont Faron. He 
neutralized an initial attack by 
Pedro Munoz, a rival Spanish 
rider, and then paced Kelly until 
the final 330 yards, when foe 
race leader sprinted past Eric 
Caritoux to finish hot on the 
heels of Munoz, the stage win- 

The main victim of foe Faron 
climb, that commands the su- 
perb view of Toulon Harbour, 
was Pascal Simon, of France. He 
was dropped by Kelly's group in 
the last two-thirds of a mile and 
lost 40 seconds and his second 
place overall 

In contrast, Greg LeMond, of 
foe United States, showed better 
form than 24 hours earlier on 
Mont Vcntoux. The American 
moved up to third place overall 

68 seconds behind Kelly and 
only eight seconds behind Urs 
Zimmerman, of Switzerland, 
who regained second place. 

“The race isn't finished yet,” 
said LeMond. “I am still a little 
overweight but I’m feeling bet- 
ter every day. I thought Kelly 
was showing the strain of lead- 
ing forfoe whole time. In a way I 
feel sorry for him because he has 
to do all foe chasing." 

One of the better perfor- 
mances yesterday came from 
Martin Earley, from Dublin, 
who greatly assisted his team 
leaders. Caritoux and Munoz, 
throughout the 1 12-mile stage 
but still managed to take eighth 
place well ahead of Simon. 

The race finishes tomorrow 
with the traditional 7-mile time 
trial up foe Col d’Capze at Nice, 
but there are two other difficult 
stages in the back country of 
Provence to survive before 
Kelly can feel confident of 
winning foe Paris-Nice for a 
record-equalling fifth time. 

STAGE RVE (Satan <s* Pmvoncn to 
Ttxiorc 112Rd»): I, P Munoz (Sp). 4hr 
<0mn 525W: 2. S KNiy (IreJ. it 5 sac 3. E 
Cartoon (Fq. at 5 wc; U Zimmerman 
(Swta). at 5 38C; 5. G LaMond (USUI 5 
sbc; 6. J Gasron (Sp). at 16 sec; 7, C Motwt 
(FrX a* 23 sec B. Meaner lire), at 26 sec. 
OVERALL POSmOHS: 1. Kelly. 24hr 
50mm OBsec; 2. Zimmerman, at 1:03; 3. 
LeMond at 1:05: 4. p Simon (Fr). at 1:18; 
5. Cantouz. at 1.23: 8. Gaston, at 1:49: 7. 
Mpttrt. at 1:49; 8. Y Mattel (Fr). at £31: 
20. Eartoy. at 5:17. 


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Painfal memories of the match that served up pure pantomime 

Fearing a repeat of the parrot sketch 


It is nnfikely fiat this Item 
Cnp tie will reach quite the some 
pitch of spirited tone that 

masked foe test meeting between 

Ecuador and die United Sates 
when the two nations met here at 
the Guayaquil TemrisChzb back 
In 1967. 

However; Tom Gorman's bap- 
tism as US Darts Cap captain 
promises to be a memorable 
affair, prhnarfly . because his 
inexperienced teas wfll bare to 
play extremely well on foe daw 
red day courts to escape the fete 
(bar befell toev countrymen 19 
years ago — a 3-2 de f eat . 

The actual defeat, thoagh, was 
foe least of ft. Fbrst of all there 
was toe parrot which sat op in 
the trees and sqaawked. The 

American players wen con- 
vinced fr only sqaawked when 
one of them was about to serve. 

Then there was toe moment of 
pore . pant omi m e when the 
Ecuadorian captain, overjoyed 
when Arton Ashe lost the Erst 
robber, ran os court, fried to 
jump the net, tripped and broke 
his leg. He spent toe rest of toe 
tie at ooartnde hi a wheelchair. 
Less amusing was the crowd 
which gathered outside toe dob 
and threw rocks over toe wall in 
an attempt to hit C3fT Ritchie 
who had been indiscreet eaongh 
to call members of the audience 
“animals 7 '. 

The American captain, 
George MacCall, was toe next 
casualty when he pot his fist 
through a locker room door in 

fury and hurt bis hand. Nothing, 
however, qafre matched the final 
scenes when the chair-ridden 
Ecuadorian captain burst into 
the American locker room after 
the test match and screamed at 
Ritchie: “Don't you dare call my 
coantrjmfifl animals." 

The riming was somewhat 
unfortunate becanse, not only 
was Ritchie wet and naked after 
his shower bathe also happened 
to be standing on a bench — an 
excellent vantage point from 
which to launch himself through 
foe sir at his antagonist. This he 
proceeded to do and it required 
foe swift intervention of his team 
mates to prevent the opposing 
captain from suffering further 

AH this has become part of the 
folklore of the game as, to a 
lesser degree, have the USA's 
more recent Eteris Cup h omili- 
atioos on this continent in 
Colombia and Argentina. 

Ecuador bow have a new 
captain, Ricardo Yotza, who hod 
better not break a kg becanse he 
has picked himself to play 
doubles with Andres Comce, the 
highly tale nte d left-hander who 
is by far toe best player Ecuador 
have produced since Poncho 

Gomez is toe man the new 
American team fears, with or 
without the parrot of which - so 
Car — there has been no sign. 

Richard Evans 


Looting piaese: 1. UBF Swifcortrtt 2, COM 
rfOr X ASarn Pnvsteor, 4, D(um: 5. Uon 
New ZfWBM. Montane ptan snrafc 1. 
L'Espni D'Equpe- 2. Eflurty end Lair. 3. 
Ruconor Tnston «. PRtaa mnovotor: 5. Fo»r 

MERTON: (Manat KhodgMe' tDumanwnc 
Pm Cup (■am*} joim- im m : nytotuni 
Poey 6. Fvrngtms ol Cnstmn 0. St 
Starnes. wmcnsK- 3: Wvk^nxn 
2ncs C. Float Wvwnam l. Si 

StrtiMtt 3 l WotMO Trapbf IMr. 

finis: St Swrthuft* 4. c imnpon i WykWiztn 
Aoecy 5. Si trfo>s*s. Haraamen Z Rnafc 
tvyuha-Ti Atsey »\ S: Sanruis 0. 



Pleat’s graduates plan 
to hand out a real 
lesson to their masters 

t • rvv 

Bwthoae who like to savour 
“or football, the glut of Cup 
ties in the past few days must 
nave ca u sed ch ronic wdiges* 
twn. One only hopes that this 
naad scramble to finish the 
season's menu before En gland 
leave for die World Cup finals 
on May 3 is justified bv a 
ddGciously rompo«d perfor- 
mance by the national team in 

We arrive at this FA Cop 
quarter-final weekend in a 
stale of confusion; 10 
are' still in contention and 
there is the possibility that the 
draw for the semi-final round 
on Monday win be mad e 
before even fifth round ties are 

For no-one has h been more 
hectic than David Pleat and 
his young, stylish Luton side. 
They have scarcely had time 
to draw breath and appreciate 
their efforts over the last seven 
days, let alone realistically 
consider opposition of whom 
they have dreamed these past 
1 1 months of meeting in just 
such a situation as today's. 

& is as well that they have a 
man ager who knows tus prior- 
ities. Last Saturday was a 
convenient time for a side 
with primarily only Cup ambi- 
tions to qualify for next 
season’s first division by 
achieving the pass mark of 50 

For a man who has danger- 
ously straddled that border- 
line over the years with a 
small town dub, it was partic- 
ularly rewarding to pass the 
examination with two months 
to spare. It is also an indica- 
tion ofLuton’s elevated stand- 
ing in general studies. Since 

Brighton vSo’ton 
Southampton wait on fitness 
crocks on vVn(ro fconcussoni BnO 
Cockers (snide). Brighton, far 
whom Satndars has scored In ev- 
ery round, have toft tin forward 
Fashanutodecide on his own fit- 
ness. Mortimer to Mealy to ra- 
tum in midfield. 

Lnton v Everton 

Uiton have aomertiggltog inju- 
ries, inducting one toMm Stein. 
Mark Nortti has been included 
to a squad 0(13. Everton, without 
RafcUfe. may bring back 
Sheedy but the problem postton to 
centre back where Stevens, if 
fit, to Ekaiy to play. Harper wfll come 

By CHve White 
losing that FA Cup semi-final 
in extra time to Everton, 
Luton have grown into a 
mature student and attained a 
reputation where h is felt by 
many that they may know too 
much for the Merseyside pro- 
fessor today. 

There wifi not be many 
more- occasions this season 
when the champions' chances 
are, comparatively speaking, 
so slimly regarded. And it is an 
thanks to Everton. “Their 
victory against us at Villa Park 
made us believers rather than 
doubters,” said Pleat, who is 
in no doubt himself that 
Everton will retain the cham- 

The setfhdief which swept 
Arsenal aside in the fifth 
round replay on Wednesday 
will need to be every bit as 
strong since Luton will again 
be without three first-team 
squad forwards: Newell (who 
is Cup-tiedX Nwqjidbi (who is 
still injured), and most prob- 
lematicaBy Brian Stein (whose 
knee injury may keep him 

from an y se mi - final ) 

Everton’s lass, namely that 
of their captain, Ratdirfe, at 
centre back, would seem more 
than to balance matters. Long 
since denied the services of 
Mountfield. last season’s 
semi-final match winner, 
Everton can ill afford another 
absentee here for all the 
stirring work of their deputies 
against Tottenham in mid- 
week. It will be a crucial area 
of the tie and Van den Kanwe' 
and whoever lines up along-' 
side him, probably Stevens if 
fit, will know they have been 
in a Cup tie when the angular 
Harford has finished with 

to the side who wan a place to 
the MMt cu> final ttree days earitar 
at AnfiafcLSinah. mindful of the 
sttoconsdous desire of players to 
relax after auch a n ac h tov e 
ment, has added Byrne, Roaanior 
and KefsMcstothe 12. 
Tottenham v WB A 
DtoMraon. bought from Leeds 
test week, mara Ns debt* in mid- 
field tor Abton as Ron 

Saunders's broom starts to swoo p. 

Fifth round replay 
Bury v Watford 

Madden, Buy's almost top- 
endaiy forward, expects to recover 
from a calf strain hi an in- 
cnangoa raem. vrauora, wno wore 
without Jacket! lor the Hist 

gmtNCKNa of Bu, expect him 

first dmsioo 
Chelsea v Man City 
This to Chetoea's chance to 
□toy vMe the Everton cat to sway. 
Wdoty tii al four games in hand 
over the leaders would put them 
top. The return of Dixon and 
MdLaughtin, who has not played for 
six weeks, should help. 

Liverpool t QPR 
Jim Smith, the Rangers man- 
ager, to tempted to makB changes 

Notable by their a b se nce are 
Thomas, GreaJtoh. Robertson and 
Owen (al dropped) and Hunt 
and the former Spir. Crooks (bo*i 

Second division 

Sunderland v Chariton 
Sunderland westering at 
relegation, unanionapronioQon. 
Who would have Haight flat at 
th e season' s stertfafigton wO be 

Wimbledon v Norwich 

An unbeaten Norwich side wti 
be looktiig to axtond their wbeeten 
league run to 19 grows. Hie 
test time they were beaten was five 
montnsago— oy wxnoisaon. 


FA Cap 

Fifth roand replay 
Man Utd v West Ham 
United, without Robson, stl 
havs fitness doubts about Hughss 

go into t nev mtn nwetxig oMno 
season against the Londoners, 
who wfll be unchanged. 

them. Everton will miss 
Stevens's attacking inclination 
at frill bade. 

Howard Kendall, the 
Everton manager, described 
the first Luton-Arsenal en- 
counter on Kenilworth Road’s 
plastic pitch, a trifle inaccu- 
rately, as an artificial match 
on an artificial surface. Ken- 
dall, whose Everton side have 
never played on the surface 
but have been instrumental in 
the campaign against them, 
may find his view, misguided-, 
ly or not, confirmed by per- 
sonal experience today. 

The only other sixth round 
tie today, that between Brigh- 
ton and Southampton at the 
Goldstone Ground, may also 
revolve around a weakness at 
the heart of defence. Wright, 
Southampton’s England de- 
fender, is still doubtful after 
being concussed against 
MillwaQ in midweek. Should 
he {day he may have cause to 
question his fitness. The right 
of Brighton's Justin Fashanu, 
brother of MfilwalTs John, 
might be the cause of the 
double vision. 

Another double is repre- 
sented by Case, who along 
with Gatting and Pearce in the 
Brighton team today, took 
part in that gallant FA Cup 
final defeat at the hands of 
Manchester United three sea- 
sons ago. 

The two sides may be on 
course for another emotional 
get-together. United, having 
forced a replay at Upton Park, 
may now bring the pressure of 
a 50,000 crowd to bear at Old 
Trafford tomorrow in the 
televised fifth round replay. 

United received the perfect 
incentive with the news that 
Robson could be back for the 
semi-finals on April 5. 

Southern hopes are further 
fortified by Watford, though 
they must shake off the lusti- 
ness which marred their dis- 
play at Vicarage Road. 
Watford will be returning to 
their third division roots at 
Gigg l-»ne « g»wwt Bury in a 
fifth round replay. It is nine 
years since they frequented 
such places. 

Hill come 
down a level 

Gary Mabbott and Rkky Hffl 
have been called up as overage 
players to bolster Engjawfs 
decimated Under 21 squad for 
next week’s European 
cha i n p iooihip qua rt e r -final Cist 
leg in Denmark. They are 
inc lu de d in a line-up which has 
been revised rince 11 members 
of the original squad have been 
forced out by dub commit- 


■ Vi 1 " k 

Stevens: vital role for Everton if passed fit 

Celts will not know 
score till kick-off 

Cttrt. P M 

Wife practically a foil- 
strength squad available, Celtic, 
fee Scottish Cup holders. are in 
much happier mood as they 
travel for their fifth-round tie 
wife HAarin at Easter Road 
today. Bat their ma na ger, David 
Hay, will not announce bis team 
until n ea r er the kick-off, not, as 
he in an attempt to 

keep his opponents wondering, 
but because he wants to put a 
competitive edge on his players. 
“We have been miming tint 
extra bit of commitment 
recently,” he mid, “and it is 
«wwiMi that the pla yera are 
hungry for the game.” 

Despite recent poor form, 
Celtic are such firm f av o uri tes 
to win that they are listed al li- 
ft) on and, wife fee astute Paul 
McStay and fee inspiring 
Murdo MacLeod recove r ed 
from injury and keen to stake 
claims for places in Scotland^ 
World Cup squad as wefl as to 
restore their dub's fortunes, 
they beat Hibernian, 

who have faded since their fine 
displays in the Skol Cup. 

But Celtic wfll not underesti- 
mate their challenge because it 
was in feat comp et iti on that 
Hibernian knocked them ont in 
one of fee season's best games, 
which ended at 4-4 and was 
decided by 4-3 on penalties. For 
Hibernian much will depend on 
whether Dime, their promising 
forward, has recovered the form 
he appears to have lost after 
suspen sion . 

By Hugh Taylor 

a foil- Aberdeen win have to im- 
, Celtic, prove on the sl ipsho d approa ch 
i, are in they adopted in their European 
as they Cup tie with GAteborg if they 
and tie are to beat the improving and 
y Road tenadons Dundee at Dens Park. 
-.David They have a sple n did record on 
□steam the ground of their opponents 
, not, as and. despite poor displays away 
snpt to this season, the Scottish ch am - 

should restore pride by 
\ a way into the semi- 

Dandee United can be there as 
well even though Tommy 
McLean, the Merh ei w ci man- 
ager, who is fee brother of 
United's Jim. forecas t that his 
players would be having ”a real 
go” at opponents who are fee 
outstanding team in fee coun- 
try. But Motherwell have injury 
worries and do not have the 
re s our ces to hero the eag er 
United at tacker s at bay. 

Afthp ogh ixicOBSSfeCficy 

is the despair of their followers, 
St Mirren can be the ride to 
spring the surprise of the round 
when they meet Heart rf Midlo- 
thian at Tynecasde tomorrow. 

Certainly, their manager. Alex 
Miller. thinks so: “I believe we 
have the players to react well to 
the atmosphere of fee big crowd 
which will watch the tie. And do 
not forget that St Mi rren ha ve in 
recent years bee n in three quar- 
ter-finals and twice marie it into, 
the semi-finals. On our day we 
can be a match for anyone, he 


Black and 
have point 
to prove 

By Ftt Botcher 
Athletics Corresp on dent 

The B ri ti sh indoor mason 
ends this afternoon with what 
has become the traditional fi- 
nale of an Fj hM v United 
States men’s match. Since the 
fixture was inaugurated in 1982, 
both countries have won twice, 
wife three points being the 
biggest victory margin. Tbs* 
overall competitive proximity 
has ensured a sell-out crowd of 
5,000 at Cosford for this 
afternoon's match, sponsored 
by Kodak. 

And although there wifl be 
nothing to match the finale of 
the US indoor season, when 
Sergei Bubka set yet another 
world pole vault best, of 5-95 
metres, last weekend, there 
should be same individual 
competitive proximity, es- 
pecially in the shorter distances, 
to satisfy the spectators. 

Linford Christie, gold medal 

hero of Britain's E ur ope a n - in- 
door championship team, wiD 
be partnered by Todd Be nn ett in 
the 200 metres against Calvin 
Brooks and Oliver Bridges. Tire 
American pair are not. well 
known intern ationally, but US 
sprinters tend to be like Soviet 
throwers or British 
middle-distance r unn er s: drag 
in any two offthe street and you 
are likely to find a prize-winning 

But they face some strong 
nulls in Christie and Bennett. 
For fee former will be eager to 
consolidate his em e r ge n ce tine 
winter, and fee latter, following 
an unhappy kit summer after 
winning the European indoor 
400 metres gold in a world best 
time, tO prove 10 hiwmrff 

*tw»t tin* dinrt w rfirtanff -wf mnn r 

likely to be his forte. 

Roger Black, Bennett’s young 
colleague at the Southampton 
and Eastleigh chib, runs the 400 
metres. Within two years of 
firing np athletics, agod 
19, won the European junior 
400 metres by a street last 
summer. The promise of that 
success has persuaded him to 
give up his medical studies: 
“After "nr t e rm at medical 
school, it became app are nt that 
there was no way I coukl 
combine the two. I can always 
go hack to medicine after an 
■rtilnin career,” be ««i«t 
Black’s and Bennett's other 

400 metres lad», but die trio’s 
pu rs uit of puces in the 
Commonwealth Rmw team 
has been given the impetus of 
knowing that they are preceded 

rirr* T*l 

coaches for England's team 
in Edinburgh life summer. 

Dave Lewis has his last warm- 
up for the world cross country 
championships on March 23 
with a run in the 3,000 metres. 
This is the distance over which 
England has never-lori in-tins 
fix t ure . And wife double Olym- 
pic champion, Sebastian Coe, to 


Palmer ready to , 
compete for 
club and country 

By I)a rid Hands, Rngby Correspondent 

Whfie individual dubs in 
Fi rgtanH and Wales begin to 
knock off the rust created 
through enforced idleness over 
the last month, the Welsh 
Rushy Union are looking ah e ad 
to fee season's end and beyond. 

They have agreed to ext e n d 
their domestic season for one 
week to create more leeway fbr 
dnbs to fatfii fixtures — the 
Welsh season win now end on 
May 7— and they have hopes of 
a sot-match tour in the Pacific 
durum May and Jane. 

Fiji, against whom Wales 
scored 40 poto las November, 
have agreed in principle to host 
the Welsh on a short lour. The 
aim is to play three matches 
there, two in Tonga and one is 
Western Samoa and fee WRU 
are awaiting confirmation from 
the latter two unions. “We need 
lour otherwise wc are going 

den Welsh at CHd Deer Park, 
happy that Palmer, their cap- 
tain, has recovered from the 
knock on the kg feat forced him 
off the field during the Mobbs 
Memorial at Northamp- 

ton on Wednesday. Palmer will jp 
also be aware that England may 
need him against France, should 
Sftnim prove unfit on Monday. 

It is sur p risin g how quickly 
the timing was for 

granted by November goes awry 
after a toy-off and those teams 
which adapt most swiftly wfll be 
fee ones to succeed in fee cup 
c omp eti ti ons. The Webb strug- 
gled against PUjiunth Albion 
. and against Camw, and this 
time the team from fee West 

Country should oust them front 
the cup in tint is, of course, a 
repeat of last year’s finaL 

Londou Scottish have done as 
as anyone fix - matches 

a major tour abroad.” 

Wales have already orga nised 
a B team visit to Italy at much 
fee same, time, which will help 
in the formation of the world 
tournament squad. England too, 
visit Italy in May, playing 
against Italy B in Catania, on 
May 7 and against tt ^in Rom e 

Pngjarnns coach, Martin Green, 
wifl not be able to accompany 
the team which visits Sydney for 
an international sevens tour- 
nament later this month and the 
party will now be managed by 
Tony Jorden, one of England s 
associate selectors. 

In die mean tim e there is a lot 

today, as do two Schweppes 
Welsh Cup quarter-finals. How- 
ever, Bath, the John Player Cup 
holders, have already reached 
quarter-finals »nri piny Loo- 

former Clifton College pupil. 
re t a i ns his place in the second 
row m fee cup tie at Northamp- 
ton, who hope that Latter, fear 
lode, has recovered from tire 
by* injury sustained against 
the Bartarmns. Gloucester are 
worried that Orwin, their cap- 
lain, may not be fit for the game 
at Saracens. He injured a leg at 
TYuro a fortnight ago. and 
though he trained on Thursday 
evening, there was a reaction 
yesterday and Scrivens stands 
by to take his place. Saracens are 
at full stre n gth 
The winners of Wakefield's 
game wife Noctteghara will have 
to wait a fortnight to see which 
of m— *fc— «fc or Wasps they 
will play but Harlequins wilU 
watch for the result of 
tomorrow’s tie with interest. 
They meet the winners of the 
game b e t w een B rou gh ton Park 
and Leicester, who nave called 
np fee veteran French 

A change of cast 
on county scene 

By navid Hands 

It is a minor curiosity that last 
season, under a differ e ntsystem 
of qualifying twit 

played Gloucestershire and 

W«ra rirWw‘n fi« M< I<hmAwi >m 

the cotmtycbamnioiiship, spon- 
sored by ThornEML The same 
four counties meet again today 
to contest a place in fee final of 
this season’s ch am pionship, to 
be played at Twi ckenham on 

Last a ca aon Iancisfaire beat 
Warwickshire at Nuneaton but 
the peraqaind in both teams is 
much c ha nge d in a year. 
Warwi c ksh ire, essentially Cov- 
entry, will play- the forward- 
dominated game which has- 
brought success tins season to 
both dob and division. The only 

day, having recovered from the 
throat infection which kept him 
out of Thursday evening’s final 

t raining at flu mailwm. 

Thb Gloucestershire side, full 
of junior dub players, is an 
expres si on of there coach Mike 
Rioter’s belief in the county 
championship as a medium for 
developing England players, lyj, 
will be fear enthusiasm against 
the greater fint-dass experience 
of Kent, who have introduced 
Osborne, fee Rosalyn Park 
wing, end whose only doubts 
surround Walters and Skinner, 
who have sore Jtaoais.- 

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Saints lifted 
by retrun 
of captain 


Wliu, bolting to return to 
Wembley for their third 
successive Oup final, free a big 
challenge this afternoon . In a 
classic local derby, Wigan face 
St Hekss. The Saints have been 
given two major boosts in 
confidence wife the return of 
their loose forward and captain, 
Harry Pimwr, and last Sunday's 
impressive win over Halifax, 
who a week earfier had held 
Wigan to a 6-6 draw at Central 


hr- , * |J " V t - 1 " m r ' "B 

Although Wigan 
the staging of a So 
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Wigan are without the South 
Arncan winger, Ray Mord!, who 
has huri an operation on his 
knee, hit they have great 

tiiFjifrtl. in witli tlf n 

at full bade and Lydon on the 

Toe Australians, Ella and 
Dowfrng.joih the New Zealand 
captain. Graeme West, and the 
Sooth African, Nick Do Toit, 1 
alongside several British inter- 1 
n ati on a ls in an immensely : 
powerful squad w hic h should | 
make home advantage count 

apunst Saints, for whom Hold- 
ing and Haggerty are the danger 

Two of the favourites, Widaes 
and L eads , are through to the 
third round of the Silk Cut 
Ch al l e n ge Cop. In fee other ties, 
Oldham may Just have the edge 
at home to Warria^oa, Leigh 
have already thrashed Karo- 



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•• ' • 
- /->*•. 

ypnosis to mesmerize 


Hypnosis, trained at- 
Whil^y by David Hsworth 
and nddeo by Cotin Brown, 
appeals to me as the likely 
winner of the William Hii 
Jwrarf Cup at Sandown 
Park today and he is ray nan 
even though I concede that 
this is a wide-open race. 

TTffi co mbi n a tion of trainer 
and jockeylift the taSts-eye 12 
.months ago with Floyd, who 
by c oincidence was also a 
front runner like Hypnosis.. 
And tancied front runners 
often do well at Sandown 
either because _thery steal a 
.march on their opponents 
’ rounding the last sharp bend 
or because those who tend to 
come from behind either run 
into trouble or Jail to up 
the leeway up that final h3L 

Either way. Hypnosis will 
take some catching because he 

tubs his best races when he is 
fresh, which he wifl be because 
he has been rested since he 
finished unplaced at Newton 
Abbot at the end of Novem- 
ber. Before that he h ad won 
his first two races of the season 
at Wincanton and Kempton, 
each time making all the 
running. Now the word from 
. Whitsbury is that he is firing 
on aU cylinders a gain a«f 
raring logo. 

I fancy him now drat the 
weights have risen 5Ibs over- 

By MamUrin(Michael Phillips); 

nighL That means that he will i 
be racing off his true marir v -j 
whereas the likes of Bachagha, ‘ 
Sonny One Shine, Insular and 5 

InJanwrwtil-hoL . * 

.With Ace Of Spies and Mr. ( 
Key in the field, top, the race is 
bound to be rim at a.tremea- 
dous Killop because they, too, * 
have been known to makp all j 
the running. So while there isa, j 
chance .that ..dray wiO aU .j 
contrive to cut one another’s i 
throats, I still fed that Hypno- , \ 
sas will have:thcsn under his \ 
spdl where hinatters most 
JToday’s programme - will , 
nowbe^n with me Horse and. f 
Hound Grand Military Gold ^ 
Cup, which has been carried £ 
forward from yesterday to g 
make an .eight-race card. ] 
There wiH be many rooting for 'j 
Special Cargo, Ids owner l 
Queen Elizabeth, rider Gerald s 
. Oxley and trainer Fnlke * v 
Walwyn to - become, the third i 
combination to win. this cov- ( 
cted trophy three dines, in a 
row since the War. ■ : 

Last year Special Ongo, 
who is a bit of. a Sandown 
Specialist, won this race on his 
first appearance of the season. 
Now toe obvious question is 
will he be fit enough to do 
likewise after a freeze-up 
which has placed constraint 
on fast .work. Walwyn think* 
so. “Ours are fiv fresh and 

very wen,*' was my blest 
fpessagg from the muter of 
Saxon House. For the recoid 
Special Cargo has beaten the 
*83 winner Sunt Oak on both 
occasions they have met. 

.. There will also be great 
disappointment if The Argo- 
naut jails to win toe Dick 
McCreery.Cup for the Queen 
Mother; but I -think that he 
: may until- be beaten by Boyil 
To Do, John Samuel’s half- 
brother to the 1972 National 
winner, WeS To Do. 

Talking of toe National, 
winners- past and perhaps 
fixture will be on parade today 
with Coxtricre ana Hallo Dan- 
dy taking part at Chepstow 
and Ayr, respectively, and 
Door Latch, one of the most 
notable newcomers to the 
likely Aintree line-up later this 
spring on duty at Sandown 
where he will carry top weight 
in toe GPS (Print) Handicap 
Chase. . 

My. feeling is that. Door 
Latch may fail to give as much 
as 24ti> toSocksDowne, who 
. bolted home by 20 lengths in 
his last race at Windsor after 
giving a hint of good things to 
come when dividing Combs 
Ditch and Fifty Dollars More 
in his previous race at 

The entire programme at 
Chepstow has been sponsored 


Galway Blaze to 
miss Gold Cup 

By Onr Racing Staff 

Galway Blaze, who was due to 
Join his stable rompankm, For- 
give V Forget, In next week’s 

Cheltenham Gold Cap tine-op, 
will not ran. Jimmy Fitzgerald, 
the trainer, said yesterday that 
the lb-year-old had not been 
able to have his final gallop 
because he is intermittently 

Galway Naze, the impressive 
winner of the Hetmessy Gold 
Cap mi his Ian outing hack in 
November, has had various 
daring his career, 
including bouts of bade trouble 
after the Harness?. Fitzgerald 
called fa a homeopathic expert 
to tty to help with the recent 
lnmpn<Mt<E mwl she di&gDOS€d 
.kidney and lber trouble as the 

root of the problem. 

Fitzgerald says that Forgive 

V Forget, last year's Gold Cop 
winner, is in excellent form and 
is snre to make a boU attempt to 
repeat last year's victory. 

• There were no surprise 
defectors from the £60,000 
Champion Hurdle - to be ran at 
Cheltenham on Tuesday — when 
the four-day declarations were 
made yesterday. The 28 de- 
clared are: Aonoch, Antrim, 
Aaar, Bob Tisdall, Bonalma, 
Bruges, Ouysaor, Cima, Cor- 
poral Clinger, First Boot, Gala’s 
Image, Gaye Brief, Gtezeptn 
Again, Herbert United, 
Jamesmead, Kesslin, 
Nofcalnuhm, Out Of The Gloom, 
Prfdeanx Boy, Ra Nora, Robin 
Wonder, Sabin da Loir, See Von 
Then, Soathernair, Tom Sharp, 
Voyaat, Humberside Lady, 
Stans Pride. 


iff < 

d < 


Hallo Dandy, the 1984 Grand National winner, who will be out to advance his claims for an 
Aintree repeat at Ayr this afternoon 

to the tune of £23,800 by the . 

Today’s course specialists 

debut on April 3 to coincide ■ 

with the start of the Grand SANDOWN CHEPSTOW 

National meeting. In the cir- 
cumstances there coukl be no ... . .. - 

mnrm arm iYM i wat* winner nf JOCKEY& Mr BMUBnWteon, 4 winners M^^^Hendareon, 8 Iran 40. 20%. 
more- uppivpnaic winner oi from 14 rides. 28.6%; S Smtti Ecdaa. 22 JOCKEY5:PScu03fTiare.28wmer5from 

the Racing Post Soothsayers tom bi.otSw MnnSSan^St, e reias, 22£oi ^ A s trom 23 . 
Chase than the Aintree spe- tramsi, ias%. 2 ij%. 

cialist, Corbiere. Also the win- AYR nnurACTPH 

ner of the 1982 Welsh raAwo&jF^a^iowinnBrairom uuwwwicn 

National over today’s course TUAn^o&w-^wj^ 

and d'sara.OMbiereis said g2&g ££f&& 7 ,Zgl 33 - 

by his trainer, Jenny Pitman, jockeys s winners from 58 

to be 110 percent. 11 a. rideMsa*. 

Fine trial by Mr Snugfit 


F Walwyn, 22 wftmaro from 94 
4%; D Bswarti. 10 from 51, 

-HXterson. 10 from 57, 175%. 

JOCKEYS: Mr B Munro-Wison, 4 winners 
firm 14 rides. 28.6%: S Smft Eaton. 22 
from 81, 27.2%: Mr T Thomson Janes, 6 
from 31, 193%. 


TRAJMERS: J FtenoTOU. 10 winners from 
35 runners. 284%: M Lambert. 9 from 46. 
19.6%; W A Stephenson, 31 from 182, 
I Wt. 

JOCKEYS: N Doughty, 29 winners from 
180 tides, 16.1%: A Stringer, 10 from 84. 


TRAMERS; F Winter. 18 winners from 78 
rumen. 23.1%: T Forster. 15 from 73, 
20S%; N Hendereon. 8 from 4a 20%. 
JOCKEYS: P Scudamore. 28 winners from 
124 rides, 224%; A Webb. 5 from 23. 


TRAINERS: O Bremen, 5 winner® from 21 
runners. 238%: G Richaizb, 7 train 33, 
21.2%: J Fitzgerald. 8 from 37, 162%. 
JOCKEYS: TtucJc, 8 winners from 58 
rides, 138%. 

, Mr Snugfit, the Grand Na- 
tional ante-post favourite, had 

his price cut by two points to 10 - 
I with Hills and Corals when 
finishing a creditable one and 
half lengths second to Binge in 
the Kendal Handicap Chase at 
Carlisle yesterday. 

“He ran a great race consid- 
ering he was giving 33lb to the 
winner,” Mr Snugfifs delighted 
jockey, Phil Tuck, said. Mr 
Snugfit could have one more 
race before Aintree, at Chepstow 
later this month, a. repre- 
sentative of Mick Easterby's 

Binge, who is owned by John 
Aynsley at Morpeth, will now 
run in the Mercedes Benz 


T^faodtl.fS, 1 ^, 2 . 15, 245 

nye of; 
untv ss 

CHASE (nmat8urK£2,60&3m 118yd) (9 runnora) 
t oamuo LAmMQffrEXXltA(BUUCOlEFMMkCBMy .. 

18-12-7 licdCPrtot 

IS JS9S5 .ROWAN (B M a nre- ra nmH B M Maori HM2-7-. . CapiCtww 

■ ■ IS ’SS 

?f 105 B00U22- JACKOtP Wdwteorrt D Ntetiolron 14-12-fl 


H tit mm- tXXJBLE BASSffl) (A MofiteyJ A hbbhqr 9-11-7 TAAUoUw 

112 3X400 POLO OOT» (ten! Husnro PWO)G B Bokfog 8-11-7 NDN-RUlMER 

L-, 113 OUMDU PRYUB.(ito| Ewtaon) R dwmpioo (Ml-7___ Capl J Sunrada 

C 1 WncRow«.«M LX.IBgMExtm.12. 

Sandown selections 

. . . - Bv Mandarin 

1.15 Special Qugo. 1.45 Dho&r. 2.15 Socks JXwrae. 2.45 
HYPNOSIS (nap). X20 Royal To Do. 3 JO Hiz. 4JO AttikL 4J5 
New Forest Lad. , • - • • '• • • j.- • 

1.45 BARCLAYS BANK WJRDLE (amatBurs£3,752: 2m) (9) 

20i i^oboo- Ani«*L^Rtaat&u){WPDittoia>rtFWt«wy» 


SOI 244JBM- BEAMWAUmNnkv-LaylaiiAO Starwood 

• 8-12-71* DNMtorLsytond (7) 

. 502 - 42B2FI- W 8R THE8JB Mturo-Wlaort WT Kemp 9-12-4 MrBMimroWason 

504 WWM BHRMT OASSS (Lf Cd E Rdllpti K C Batto 

10-11-41* G (May (7) 

. 505 MUHU 7W AfKKMAUT(NZ)(Qu0m Moftiar) FWflwyn 


506 tt/3411 ROYAL TO DOtt Swmal T A Faster 10-11-1 Mr r TTwneon Jones 

SOT VnUF TEN BCARSffi v^ (Air Cdre C KaMer) T M Jones 

10-1(M1Mb|M Wtfaca(7) 


S-IO-IIC^HJ H Wwiiiri (7) 
62 Royal Tto Do, 100-80 W Bi TlBMa, 9-2 Twi Bran, S-1 BdgM Onait, 8-1 Bewmnm, 

3L50 BEECH OPEN NOVICE CHASE <£3.04&2n) 18yd) (12) 

601 U20BF ANGB. BANK (CroULumsdamj A Edwards 8-1 1-3 

802 0B4P22 8RAUN8TONBwOK(Mri EBouchoOD A(Xghion8-11-3~ 

60S 023 CHEF IRONSa)E (H Joel) JTQScm 6-1 1-3 

MU BJkMM KlCTV D1WB flKl #C ‘ 14 tivtul IL1 


80S R3423P F0 RE3TPALE 

606 tW232F 


80S 000083 ■ 

gob _ poo-p eaiacK l 

810 14012 SMART 

811 084M00 lELEPHONElf 

— ■-‘MrsMnSmalB-IM 
S Mates 8-11 
Dudnaoi 8-11-3 


I FWmfle B-11-3 

A Tonal 6-1 1-3 
AMOOn 8-11-3 

A Moore 6-11-3 

P Barton 



S Sherwood 
K Mooney 

4 White 

^ * 6-12-7 MrMBradnock 

206 04*4303 SaSUCCHO(ABtectaoora)AGBtedcmora1V1V11 — MrMBal 

207 321-302 TWOOVE»IOR(^5^Biaiacl4JH Jonktaa y n |f ^ 

209 u jwir mmw n i fin n n awia rt n nmiiti n it i ~ TTrfTftitiniT 

11 3X480 POLO BOY0U fHoyM Hpss» ' WlGB BaUna 6-1 1-4 CeptP Lmsoa 

212 t£S* TMMLBbEV^MM#^ oaSSf-IW Mr 

»4Dhot«r.*1 Oq^Md^AOjmMfWMacO-t.lgAIPOgVO-l jllg tted g .jOjaKS 

013 BOflBBTOMCAXTON(M(TOonna)JSKlnfl 5-10-10 — - 

.04 Smwtngpir. S-1 OUI konsftfe. 54 Hb. 7-1 Braurann Break. 10-1 HRy Bucks. 12-1 
-ForeskWa 10-1 often 


“ 2 fl MMHBf (JBW)AMoore120-- — - — Q Moots 

4 31 COPSE AID R068B» (Mm DHuKMnaOJRJanhkiB 11-7 JWhte 

5 10X OOOMIAN POOIT (USA) p CMWton) J TGKIonl 11-7 RRotw 

8 0012 SAN CARLOtS C rm) M J Bakon 11-3 — 

7 TT82H ^ MUTTASHjmfBWMatMUCPipalva J Lower (7) 

S 1014 BB-COOWEiatlltersloni Mr» MRImal 11-2 — 

« -MX Ji0ieTroi^M(USiuWH«14DAM«ro1^^^ -BBadey 

11 10 F43RA LARK (tn^LawSoraDAHAson 10-13 »»wKiUgM 

Tefevissd: 1 JO, 2 A 2JQ. 


CHASE (£2,183: 3m Gf) (8 runners) 

2 0041 CORBtBtEjCU) Ms J Pitman 11-7 BDaHaan 

3 P311 14ES 531SOH P DOcsee 11-2 — 

4 0023 NORTHS ,' BAYT B& 10-11 PMEp Hates 

5 0P03 GREBSANK PARK R Parkins 10-8 — 

7 004- BRIDGE ASH J Johnson 10-1 — 

B 1422 ROU.-A-JOIHT G Thomar 10-0 — 

10 4223 BRffJBnWG M Turner 1O0 A Jones 

14 -PP0 HH3HLAND DRAKE I Wanfle 10-0 P Dover 

5-2Corb*eii9. 3-1 Ro*-A Joint. 9-2 NorttBrn Boy. 5-1 Mortwron. 
8-1 Greanbenk Part. 12-1 Brt. 14-1 otherv 

Chepstow selections 

By Mandarin . 

1 JO Corbiere. 2.0 Canute Express. 230 Ulan 
Bator. 3.0 Supreme Charter. 3J0 Eton Rouge. 4.0 
Dram Lady. 4.30 Pooella. 

2J) RACING POST HURDLE (5-y-O: £9,468: 2m) (13) 

19 00 BASSWLKennan>11-3 — 

23 24 COLONH. JAMES Mrs SOever 11-3 — 

27 03 GBERAUSEG Thomar 11-3 — 

28 002 GET AWAY R Float 11 -3 J Frost 

29 00 GOLDEN FOX G Enright 11-3 H Davies 

X 0 LONDON LEADER O BUTCtiefl T 1 -3 — 

34 0 PITHY R Braztngton 1 1*3 C Jonas 

X 22F SANTELLA BOY R Holder 11-3 — 

37 40 STANWOOO BOY WMusson 11-3 — 

39 2 SUPREME CHARTER Ure J P&niaii 11-3 — 

40 4 THE ALUED PI Frost 11-3 — 

41 P0 TROJAN PRMCE Mrs M Rknei 11-3 — 

42 F0 TRUE WEIGHT MMadgodck 11-3 AMadgwfck 

44 YALE J Giflgrd 1 1-3 — 

48 000 COURTLAHDS GIB. WFtSlwr 10-12 — 

47 FO DUCtESSCVCOMiAUTOBurchal 10-12 — 

49 0002 GOLOeUtmED Tucker 10-12 — 

50 MOORLANO LADY GGracey 10-12 — 

11-4 Stale Diplomacy, 7-2 Supreme Charter. 5-1 Colonai James. 

8-1 Grundy Lane, 15-1 SanMa Boy. 12-1 Gmniw. Archipenko, 14- 
1 Home County, 161 often 

5 1080 GOODMAN POMT (USA) p Duwton) J T OKtord 11- 

8 0012 BAN CMtJDtjS Crowe) MJBaXn fl-3 

7 TIB2F4 

8 1014 BB-COttWEnUMandore Mrs MRhnal 11-2 — 

10 DOM NONE TOO DEAMB(US»)fljK^'Harrt^DAJ*a*oo 

11. 10 B3R ALARK SnmLewsorqDAHAeon 1613 

12 14 RXttM»BirMp^iLSiittigPTWilwyn16ia- 

14 . 800! WHTraTBIM Batata Ccn Ud)G Thomar 1611 _ 

15 134434 CAPf8TRAN0PWICEJDl(F&B^FQrw1611 — 
19 M2 L0VnCOVra(U9A){M«AteiMSJS Has 10-10 
28 Ott ATTM(ihriiactelnMBliinrn)NJHaiKteaan1610 

22 . - BZP tKXnMOMC BCD p OoirtADH Banana 168 

23- w ^attCNRUADffSeWTBHNWIlM— : ^ 

1 4F ABU KADRAmwhtemon 11-1 

3 -303 BOLD ACCLAN R Frost 11-5 

4 HU BR0NSK1 J Jenkins 11-5 

5 3211 CANUTE EXPRESSffillJ Soon (b) 11-5. 

7 0 DREAM CQAT fU S) 0 O’Neal 11-5 

8 M0 EAS1BI FESTIVAL DBsworth 11-5 

vM- 3V- nB r (■ J.'*-''. -1:. ’ —j, ■ > - 

IZZS? * 115 GPS (PfHNOHAWlWCH^ (E 3 ^B 53 m 118 yd)( 8 ) 

.... < ** uten nnoR latch iriniiH JooOJTGMmi Mi 

oem jmraDSFOR 

eetoente 1 N J Hewtenon 1611 

Court DH Barone 168 

AefTB HNW ID-8—; : 

dwrds) OR Bewofft tlt7 — 

POHnyneelM— — 

I Gnanwbod)A1tiMMl 162 — 
PHD) (H Banil) JFfiKh-Mayn 

H3 S SJwwood 

-11 P Barton 

1 EMuphy (4) 

1610 — 

1610 SSmttHEcdw 

8 600 EASTBI FESI7VAL D Bsuortfi 11-5 

9 -4P0 FLYING THafflfldFOOTtB) PBaiey 11-5 . 

10 1 IBMZAKXXM(USVD)Mre jntmanll- 

_ JSuthem 

£1,737: 3m) (16) 

5 im ASH WATER M Pipe 11-8 — 

7 4000 BEITS WAY K Bridgwater 113 W Worth i ngton 

11 P4F DUN ROLFEN Gasetee 11-3 VMdtowtt 

12 02FQ ETON ROUGE MraMRUel 11-3 — 

15 OOOP GANDOUGELAfEJ Old 11-3 : — 

21 -02F WDMQHrMAONESSOBtoom8ald1V3 LBkxjnrfleH{4) 

22 480F HMMBUUCMnU Banov 11-3 — 

24 P BUXLOWKIwwyll-3 

27 600 HKjHT REGBITM Pipe 11-3 — 

29 16P RUGGED SHUT R frost 11-3 J Frost 

36 6F2 VANTER BOY J Thome 11-3 — 

39 P/OF DUVESSA P HoOta 1612 — 


42 EL SCARSDALE Ml S Davsrport 1612 — 

42 040/ SPLENOO ACEfB) P HofaDS 1612 — 

43 00n TUUA HILLS LKennanl 1612 — 

45 POPF GARGAUa. W G M Turner 168 A Jones 

Handicap at Newcastle. Binge 
led at the 1 3th and was strongly 
challenged by Mr Snugfit 

Easterby added icing to toe 
cake when Half Brother took the 
second division of the Wigion 
Novices 1 Hurdle and he made it 
a cross-ih e-card double when he 
saddled Descartes to win the 
Cranwell Selling Hurdle at Mar- 
ket Rasen. 

Mick Easterby's brother, Pe- 
ter, made it a marvellous day for 
the family when he landed a 
double at the Lincolnshire 
course with J ust Alick and Buck 
Up. Just Alick, despite making 
mistakes, landed the odds of 5-4 
laid on him in the Scampion 
Novices' Chase. 

Market Rasen 


2.15 (2m MM) 1, DESCARTES (S 
Charlton. 2-1); Sow Of Monmfo ( Mr J 
Wade, 14- it 3. Our OWefttatM ( G 
WKamS. lS-2L ALSO RAM 163 Fa* 
Conveyor Bette P/U, 161 What A Fopsi 
Eft. 14-1 Bren Gunner P/U, 20-1 Amab 
4ft, Binftgrova Lad P/U, Just CancM 5th, 
25-1 PtWyra P/U. Rmal Shoe, 361 
BaKash, Lagskona 14 Ran. NFL Calypso 
Queen, Nortfiem Review. 1L8L5L8L 9. M 
W Easterby at Sheriff Hutton. TOTE: 
£5.1 a £1.9 ft £3.70. £136 DF: £2&20. 
CSF: J3404. bought in for 1^00 gns. 

2AS pm chjlTSBT AUCK (J j OWeBI. 
4-5 Fav): 2, Inipsny ( Mr P Dennis, 61k 3. 
Saatefl ( S Charlton, 161). ALSO RAN: 6 
1 Handylad 4th. 11-2 Hatoric House 5ft. 
161 The RMteos 8ft, 561 Stargaze 
P/UP. 7 Ran. m It 8L 21. 20L MH 
Easterby at Great HaMoa Tote: £135; 
EI^O, £4^0. Df: £8-40. CSF: £7.55. 

3.15 fim 41 hde) 1 . WERONYMOUS fP 
I Jt Fav): 3. Ctwriottet Dune# ( A Brown. 
61). ALSO RAN: 61 JF Fievs Savolr Vtere 

tgh i 

:pec k 

ve ‘y 
j! “ 
in ^ 
c r a ai 

ig i 

00 e ri 
t is t 


^ r n 


; d e Ji 
u« a 

10 e t 

« i a 

<*3 2 ■ 
e ,^a or 
* { fc- w 
■ m a el 
•>v t 

‘ v o 

^°y .° e 

: - e2 _ ie 

IS i * 

*s * 


nil i ti 
dJ bt 

h! « 

11 > : 

J Si 

NautSus P.U, Thanttaoe, 561 Albany 
Victor P.U, Demon King. 14 Ran. Nft 
Heaitfi -N Hasppiness. 215I.3L 1L3L 15L M 

S M at Wellington. Tota: £8.76. £1.70, 
80. £280. DK £1680. C.&F. £40.70. 
Tricatt: £28785 

385 0m eh) 1. THE LAST PUNCH (J J 
O’Neil, 11-4 Fav); 2. Stowaby (R 

.. ■■ ■ BWHpht 

C Brown . 


- — CMam 


K Mooney 
_ P Batten 

S Sherwood 

" , M . . 301 631/53 DO OR LATCN <60181X00 JT GBten! 6lj 

302 26M2P ACARMBflllrtPHarrigPWHamalO-ll-S 


r: ' S w 

-jmiw- i- 2-1 Door Laieh. 61 PUatecteg. 62 Acarine. 61 Mwtoera*. 61 CasOeWartten. MM 

• Sx*s Oowm, 261 oftare 


imJi „ r- • 1 (2()) 

■ 402 43*163 

4 am imm 

29 300B1P EOIHVGO FOttDUTY (US) (B FaanrQ P Butler 160 — 

■ 7-2Copn And Robbare.62 None Too Deer, 114! Fort ^Jtere 61 Winter Tmi. Low 
C omr, 10-1 Haam Coartf, 161 S» Cmtoa, Gootiran WsW. Afflki, 261 afters 

„• 402 43*163 
- 405 1121-08 
»■ .405 21-0420 C0NE0T 
, 407 112382 ACE OF I 
408 043082 IS HKPMAHN 
v 409 201680 OWCKSTE 
411 40146 HOLD THE 

. 412 HK012 MICT 
. 414 14-321F MALTA 

i 416 120600 MOONMARMBI 
^ 417 21018 PETER aumMS 
. 418 02-118 HYPNOBBWSfi 
-. 419 126880 ROYAL aWGADt 

421 111 BACHAOHA(US4 

422 238111 SONNY ONE SHH 


. B Panel 
—P Leach 



611-2 —i. . 

_ 41 M Easterby 61 VI 

(D Horsawfl LOfOmnafts-MM* 
teiringlJ L SpMrtng 7-1612- 
Plpn)M C PTO61611 — 
S€oapar)QltediMtoy 6168 
s E McManus) P O Haynes 6168 


418 Sl» HYPNOSIS WM C Brown 

419 136300 ROYAL BWGAdEh 0VO) (G MowslG B BaUM 610-0 — — 

1 ■B SSS«S=S 

432 mOOF IHEDWUXttTWfT Fl» WTKeop 6160 SSMM00 

61 (Mdam. 7-1 Sonny One SMofc 161 Mr Key. C anary FNr, 1 61 JgMrJw Rjft 
Uilya Mail VlPtear hteSn.1 6) An of Spies, Hypnows, tehokoamn, 261 B»a»|fta. 261 

4*55 FLYERS NH FLAT RACE (£1^1(k2m) (22) 

8 . CONOtCOTEBOY pSangar) D Mchoieon 5-11 

10. ' PMIARUN HA(MiaBMd<fr*iay)RFR»hef_61 

11 EHWSSANTMOIMreJSKfflNKan** 611-8 

20 POUCY CHARGE pHobnertC Holmes 611-8- 

32. BA1MCM RUN (MS J Mould) DNkhoiean 611-8 

223 SNOWY PEARL (Ms D Henderson) Njttendteson 611-6- MrS 

29. . ..WBtiraWEATlfal(DCtertBr)00wter5-1V8— __ — Banft a Brooke s 

30 . YEOMAN BRDKBIMnHANiwrt JTSHoid 611 -3 SNetetexw 

34 ' PENNY BOSE (MraDJanto) M CPjpe 611-6 - — — ^Ldwot 

>■■■ . 0 iadBaa«nwift=wes 

- 42 •• CHRSTT8 

43 * COMANDANTEfMPM^JTGMord 611-0 

« BMT anuanAluu^aant U A Vigors 4-11-0— MGJOtWon 


(C WeHa) Ur* J Pitman 4-1 

50 ONE OFTHE LADS LwffWcrt P MtelwB 611-0 

“ MPSnio)JTGIItat36n-0 

'PR Hedger 4-1 
0mtenr4A R Dawson 4-11-0 

55 aMnrSGANBLE(ASraUl)MsJP»iMn 4-11-0 

58 RUBY RJGHT (R EckteylRJ Edday 4-10-9 

61 Smffli’s Santee. 7-2 Penny Roee, 61 As You were, 61 Snowy Peart, 61 Salmon An, 
161 Fbrt Aguate. 12-1 Comnvtenie. 161 often 

• Paul KcHeway worked his Waterford Crystal Champion Hurdle 
hope, Asir, winner of tbe Sun Alliance Novices’ Hurdle at the Festi- 
val meeting last year, at Market Rasen yesterday. Tbe six-year-old, 
parmeredby Ronnie Beggan, who will be in the saddle again at 
Cheltenham next week, led toe nnraced Majestic Ring throughout 
the 1 Va-mile spin. ,. 

12 6P MRAYBIGBRrBiG Ktedaretoy tl-5 — 

15 0* IWERSHELDPABCJ Kan 11-5 — 

IS -802 TaETRACElfl Hodges fl-S — 

17 212U TttlELYSTAltjD^HbS JPtenen 11-S — = — 

-19 1 ZUK0(Ct4PlttpM8l1-5 — 

61 Canute Expmss, 61-Thufy Star. 4-t fBki Zekteon, 61 Atu 
KNfes.61 2uka161 East* Festival. 161 Tatabader, 161 ofters . 

CHASE (£4021: 2m 4f) (18) 

4 Off ULAN BATOR OF) F WWer II 7 BdeHaan 

5 1021 CLAM HOUNTAEMIIRT Forster 11 6 H Davies 

6 21U1 ATATAHO J Roberts 11 5 — 

10 /1 01 A BOY NAMBJ SIOUX MS Stevens 10 12 — 

11 803R CAMEBELLE N Mttcftel 10 12 — 

18 -0(3 DOCTOR HOUSE M Scudamore 10 6 — PScudamora 

18 F404 GUN ROAD J Thome 104 : — 

21 612 MR MOUSE (BFINGaselee 102 D Browns 

23 -210 MEARUN (BQ J Old 100 — 

28 406 JAKAROOE Farris 100 : — 

29 31 OF HFTY BUCKS (BF) Mra M Rknai 100 — 

30 0-3U QQMQOR Brown 100 J Brown (7) 


34 3Q3F CKEB6WAY BOY Mss AIQng 100 P Dover 

35 0F0 BUY BRITISH D Ho8y 100 — 

38 0P0O YOUNG J0J. MS HDovmon 100 — 

40 IMG PLASH G Balding 100 — 

41 Pff- INDADO RWMams 100 — 

7-2 LHan Bator, 4-1 On Mouteain. 61 MrMouse.61 Mateho, 6 

1 A Boy Named Sioux, Rhy Bucks, 161 Royal Gambit 161 often. 

£2310: 2m) (23) 

7 7222 mtUNDYLUBB) OF) M Pipe 

8 001 HO*m COUNTY DBMrt 11- 

8 001 KOMCOUNTYDBswon 
17 03 BABSLADG Morgan 11-3 

wtes 61 Eton Rouge, 61 MkHght Madness. 62 B Scersdate. 11-2 
— Venter Boy. 61 Tuui HNs, RightRegent 161 Rugged SpW. 161 Chm 
■ — Roto. 161 others. 

. J Brown (7) 

£1.735: 2m) (16) . . 

6 P244 BACKLOG J Dtton 11-3 — 

8 40FQ BOROB1 SUNin Glhomer 11-3 H Davies 

- 16 4400 N0WAHEY0UQ3ING S Motor 11-3 _ G ChariM-Jones 

17 640 INDIANA DAR£(B)J Jenkins 11-8 — 

18 Off/ LANACRE BRIDGE P HoteW 11-3 — 

19 2206 LEAN OUT R PorWns 11-3 — 

20FP4F LOLLY'S PATCH P W Karri# 1t-3 — 

25 -BF4 MY BOY BOY J Fenton 11 -3 — 

26 2 POPLAR SQUARE MS MKmrt 11-3 — 

31P3PU SHOBEAHK Bishop 11-3 

32 436 SKtSXELTER C Wfldman 11-3 W Knox (4) 

33 0000 SOLR^ETRELAWNYOBIP Hobbs 11-3 — 


37 J013 DHOM LADY (C1WF) N Qesateell-1 — 

44 -04F WAYWARD KATE Ms CRUw* 1612 — 

46 0300 NON-SMOKER M Pipe 10-8 — 

640rom Lady, 61 ManaDem. 62 Poplar Squws, 61 Backlog. 
161 Lam Ort. Non-Smoker. 12-1 often. 


y-o: £793: 2m) (11) 

■ 4 2104 POOELLA (tns Motor 11-7 ! GLandau(7) 

5 3023 PAR SEW (D1J Jenkins 11-6 — 

6 0020 m AMAttNG(B) G Baking 1611 A Chariton (7) 

7 001 TIARUte A ChemberMn 11-5 ACtantoerttn 

8 003 TAIF R Frost T1-4 J Frost 

10 4200 CUTACAPBlBPraacall-1 — 

13 OOP 0*G BOY □ A Wteon 11-0 L — 

14 000 SWSTWATER LASS MEddey 11-0 A O’Hagen 

15 000 ALCAZABA J D Davies 11-0 — 

19 OOP0 COURT JEWEL G Grscey 1612 — 

20 POO STRANGE BREW M Pipe 161 2 — 

62 Per Sony, 61 Pooeto. 62 Henan, 61 Tail. 152 Cut A 

Caper, 161 I’m Amazng, 16i others. 

BegaanJ4-i); 3, Nawfita Connection (R 
Ltm*7 7-2L ALSO RAN: 7-2 Blue Tarquin 
4th, 61 Grinders 5ft. 161 Wcflim U.R. 12- 
1 Btagters Walk Bft. 361 Our Bara Boy 
U.R. BRan. a, 2*L 30L 16. Oist M H 
Easterby at Groat HaMoa Tcna £340; 
£1 30. etJO. E1A0. OF: £146(L OS.F. 
E14J3. -■ ■ 

4.15 (2m hdte)1. SILVER AC6(J Lowar. 
611 Fav): 2. FWr Babu (P Canton. 61h 
3. Kwt* (K Burica. 7-Q. ALSO RAN: 11-2 
Kkltetyte 4ft. 12-1 Stove Bracton 5th. 16 
1 Harbour Bazaar, 261 RothI CamSt 6ft. 
7 raa 251 6L 154L 5L 101. M Pipe at 
WaDngtoa Tota: £1.70; £1A0. £2.80. OF: 
£4A07C.SJ=. £8.03. 

4^5(2mhdtel 1. BUCK UP (J JOWofl. 
61): 2, KBcta QM ffi Crook. 64 Fairt: 3. 
Mtea Maanebsoi fS Smith Eases. 7-1). 
ALSO RAN: 61 Nonhem Hops. P.U, 7-1 
Dusky Royal. 61 Rare Pleasure 5th. 12-1 
Gatewood. 161 Timurs Gin. 20-1 Brood 

Button. MaNoana Mandrake Miss, Ml- 
chato My Bela. 19 raa NR: Croghan Star. 
10 L HI, al. 15I.25L M H Easterby at Groat 
Kabton. Tote: £730; £2.70. £2-00, E1«L 
DF: £7.20. C&F. £1617. 


_ G Landau (7) 

„ A Chariton (7) 
A Chamberlain 
J Frost 


MAM £4 | Ok + 15 % vaT. 

A— ”™— 1 ^llW> 
^2? w J XnK ? K - auihcmi- 
J*. •*£_ name and 
P"7»cm address of die 
Wtwr. mgr be mi 10; 
PO BOX 484 
rtf Bnna S treet 

Arowtfiscmcuts can tc ic 


» Fn ^?5L°*' Satentay bc- 
’Aoan and IZkxhl 
WBI 4DM OaM. For ptiMi- 
rawn die following day. 
Phone by I JOpm, 
on Cosm and Social Page. tt 
a Rne + 15% VAT. 

Conn and Social page an- 
notmcrmcim can not be 
accepted by i c teptwnc. En- 
quires io; ai-S2Z tan 
Mon other classified adver- 
themenu can be accepted by 
Ktcphonc. The deadline a 
5-0Opm 2 days pnor lo puh&- 
caiion fix. S.OOpm Monday 
for Wednesday). Should you 
wish lo send an advertise- 
ment in wnitng please 
include your daytime phone 

have any ouches or problems 
rriaiiny to your advertise- 
mmi once it has appeared 
please contact our Cooomcr 
Services Depan mem by lete- 
phonc on 01-481 3006. 

Now nm> I lv- Kino eternal, bn. 
mortal. InvwMe, uw only ww 
Coo. br honour and glory Mr 
over and nrr. Ann 

I Timothy l IT 

COtUUtD To Anthony and 
Frances (nie Fox -Robinson) 
at West London Hospital on 
6th March 1986. a daughter. 

COOPER On 27Di February, lo 
Jane and Philip, a son. (River 
Edward Kerr, at the Rode 
Cambridge, a brother for 
Harriet and Emily. 

CORBET mem On March 
5th to Etttabeth. wife of 
Major Mar*. Corbet Burcber. 
Royal Artillery, a daughter. 

DAVIDSON On Sth March 
peacefully at home. Neva 
Etspeth hide Shirrs) beloved 
wife of Michael and mother 
to Lisa and Kale. Funeral 
Service at Old Si Pauls 

‘ Church. 39 Jeffrey 6L Eton- 
burgh. Tuesday nth March 
at lOOOatn. Family flowers 
only, bid donations. If 
wished lo Cancer Research 

DEAR • On 6th March to Alex- 
andra Me Edgingtoa) and 
Adrian, a son. Thomas Mat- 
thew Peter, a brother far 

HAWKER On 7th March 1986. 
at Princess Margaret Mater- 
nity Hospital. Swindon, lo 
PhDippa and Patrick, a son 
Charles Hciuy. 

MACOftlE on March dtti al the 
R.U.H. Bath to Sue umc 
Kirfcaldy) and Charted, a dough- 
10 . Kate Jinian. a Mer for 

RACE On 22nd February, to 
Alison and David, a son 
Baraaby Oscar James, a 
brother lor Henotone. 

REED On February 27th lo 
Pen dope Me Pearce) and 
Andrew. * a daughter 
Clementine Lucy Georglana, 
a sister for Charlotte. 

SUMMERS On 8th February 
at the Hammersmith Hospi- 
taL lo Beatrice Cnte Eckstein) 
and Mer a daughter. Isabel 
d are, a s ister for Alexander. 

TIPPETTS On Fdruuy 28th 
1986. to RosaUnd Me 
Ghasda) and Christopher a 
son Samuel James Berrtman. 

TRUSLER On 6lh March, to 
Fiona and Colin, a wonderful 
son. Fetor CoUn Inner 

UNWM 6th March at the Royal 
Devon and Exeter Hospital. 
Janet tnte Arnold) and 
Kleron. a son. Andrew 
Pi realm. 

URqjUMART On March 3rd 
1986. io Peucuy aide More 
OTenulD and Robert, a 
daughter (AUda Antonia) a 
staler for Charles and James. 

UHLUAMS On March 6th. lo 
Paul and Susan (nde BerendD 
a son Gavin D omini c , a 
brother for Emma. Christo- 
pher. Joanna and Hetena. 

wmfTAMJEY - On 27th Feb- 
ruary. to Nicola Me Day) 
and Andrew, a son. Peter 
Hugh Oliver, a brother for 


BASSETT On March 6th 1986. 
in her 86th year al Die Royal 
Berkshire Hospital following 
a heart attack. Martoric Alice 
beloved wife of Norman, 
much loved mother of John 
Peri and grandroomer or 
Belinda Sarah and Edward- 
Family flowers oily dona- 
tions if desired to Save the 
Children* FUnd. Cremation 
at CuUdforU Crematorium, at 
4.30pm on Wednesday 
March 12 th. Service or 
Thanksgiving later. 

BOtCH Peacefully on 28Qi 
February at Bradford -on- 
Avon. Margaret Cordelia 
Birch Funeral at 
Rocfcboume Parish Church 
at i.4Spm on lith March, 
followed by private crema- 
tion. Family flowers only m 
accordance wim her wishes. 

BtRKBECK On March 7th 
1986. al St Andrew's Hospi- 
tal. Northa mp ton. Sheila 
widow of John Btrfcbeck. and 
dearly loved mother of Jane 
Kruuk and grandmother of 
Loeske and Johnny of 
Aboyne. Aberdeenshire. Fu- 
neral at Steeple Aston 
Church. Oxford at 2.30pm 
on Wednesday 12th March 

BRITTEN On 1st March 1986. 
Valentine Mary RacheL a*d- 
«tty and peacefully In Hove 
General Hospital, born Ken- 
sington. London on Wth 
February 1903. Very dearly 
loved and wtn be sadly 
missed by an her laving fam- 
ily and many denoted kind 
friends and always by her 
loving brother ■Boy’. Service 
at St Mary Magdalene 
Church. Upper North Street. 
Brighton, an Tuesday March 
llth at 11.30am. foBowed 
by burial in Seaford Ceme- 
tery- Enquiries and dowers 
lo Seaford Funeral Service. 
Teh 0325 893889. 

OCSSMItE • Suddenly, m 
Manchester, on March the 
6th. Robert, son of Arthur 
and Daphne on wroughton. 
Wiltshire. Brother of Sarah 
and Nicholas. Enquiries to. 
H oners Funera l Services. 
Swindon 22797. 

CROW Basil HsnWnn 
Acheson. On March 4th 
1986. passed away peaceful- 
ly In hospital in Valencia. 
Dearly loved husband of 

Adine and father of Nicholas. 

DART On ITtfi February, 
whilst on Hobday m Egypt. 
Burial has already taken 

FOKDHAM Peacefully In 
hospital on 6th March 1966. 
Douglas Lawson aged 74. 
very dearly loved husband of 
CHana and dear father to Si- 
mon and Nicholas. Funeral 
Service 12 noon Wednesday 
12th March at Holy Trinity 
Church. Long Metam. 

OLABDEH Edgar Norman. 
Public Administrator. Sol- 
dier and Author. Dr ela. 
Gladden of Ischia. Bulwer 
Road. New BameL Hera, 
peacefully hi Barnet General 
Hospital, on 2nd March 
1986. In his 88th year. Fu- 
neral win take Mace at 
Rubltp Crematorium an 
Tuesday llth March 1986. 
at 3.00pm. 

OOOOMAN On 7th March sud- 
denly but peacefully at 
Edgecombe Nursing Home. 
Norah Dorothy Me 
Stacpooto) aged 90. brioved 
wife of the urn Brigadier e. 
W. Goodman D-S-O.. M-C. 
and mother of David. Funer- 
al Service at Salisbury 
Crematorium Friday 14Ui 
March 2.1S«m. Family fUW- 
era only please. 

UM Richard Hairy (DWO 
6th March }996. Funeral af 
Ovist Church United Re- 
formed Church LeatlHrtwad 

an Tuesday llth March al 


RRANT Alexander UKknde of 
Spring HUL Martiury on 6th 
Mareh 1986. peacefully In 
hospttaL Memorial service on 
Saturday 15Ui March at 
1130 am at Marbury 
Church. Nr. Whitchurch. 
Shropshire. No flowers 
please. Donattons to 
Marbury Church. 

6th of March 1966. peaceful- 
ly al home James Lee (retired 
PaDuHogisO. Beloved by *U 
hb family . AS he toved Bunny 
Ms wife, son JOWL daughter, 
in-law Katy and 
grandCMldren Elizabeth. 
Fiona and Sarah. Funeral 
service al Colchester enema- 
torium an Thursday the t3Dr 
of Mareh at 12.30pm. Fam- 
ily flowen only please, but 
donations if destrad for 
AJ)£ c/o Brown aid Feme 
Acton Square. Sudbury. 

HAXLAIOl On 6lh Mareh 1986 
al 66 The Ridgeway. EnflekL 
Middlesex. Canon.. Samuel 
James Harland O ELE.. ELD.. 
aged 87 yean. Father of Rob- 
in. Uui. Juua and EUzabeth 
and a much loved father-in- 
law and grand fattier . 
Funeral at Knaesingwn. 
Leicestenhlre m Tuesday 
March lllti at 1 JOpm. 

(Frank). February 28Br 
whilst an holiday of 2SA 

Main street Cramhin*. Nr 
Keighley, Funeral al 
Walton wrays Crematorium. 
Ski plan. Friday 14th March 
1986. 1.00pm. No Powers. 

JOHNSTON On 6th March at 
Chichester in her 89th year 
Margaret EUzabeth. widow 
or C. O. H. Johnston of Beith. 
Ayrshire and Sevooaka. 
Oe ma tton at Noon on Friday 
14th March at Tunbridge 
Weils. Flowers to your load 

MACMNTOSH Peacefully al 
Netherwood. Newtonmore, 
on 6Ui March 1986, James 
Asher Mackintosh aged 83 
yean, tale of S crav e u . 
Broomfleld. beloved huSband 
of Rhone Macnhereon. Fu- 
neral Service at St Bride's 
Church. Newtonmore, on 
Saturday Sth March at 
2.30pm. interment thereafter 
In Banchor Cemetery. 
Newtonmore. Memorial Ser- 
vice at St Mary's. 
Broomfield, at end of April. 

FAME On March 6th peaceful- 
ly al St Marys Hospital. 
EtchlngUU. NeU widow of 
Claude and much loved 
mother of John, grandmoth- 
er of MichaeL Stephen and 
Jeremy and great -ryand- 
motber of Thomas and 
Edward. Funeral at Lydd , 
Parish Church on Friday 
14th March at 11.30am. ; 
Flowers tf wished to 
Hambrook and Johns. 1 
Dymchurch Road. Hythe. 
Kent, or donations to Lydd 
Parish Church. 

RO BER T S ON On March 6th 
Hilda Mariorfe (ntfe Reuter- 
dahli Stockholm, widow of 
Colonel W Robertson RJL. 
CLS.O- The Utile House. 
Leaihertwad. much loved 
and greatly respected by all 
relatives and friends. Funer- 
al Monday M8rch 17th at 
2.50pm at the Church of St 
Mary and St Nicholas. 
Leatherheod. Family dowers 
only, donations tf desired to 
the above Church c/o of Mr 
D. W. Mountain. (Treasurer) 
45 windfMd. Leatherhead. 

SAVBX Richard John Edgar. 
On Wednesday 8Di March 
1986. suddenly but peaceful- 
ly. Dearly loved husband of 
Patricia, and much loved fa- 
ther of Antoinette. Ntchola 
and Charles. Service at St 
Martin's Church. Guernsey 
at 2.45pm on 10th Mareh 
1986. Flowers to Martens. 
Tel 0481 44788. 

WUB MOBI - On 6th March. 
Professor Keilh Whitman, 
loved husband of Nonna, 
loved father of Alex. Susan 
and Kate. Funeral at Exeter 
Crematorium at I JOpm on 
Tuesday HOi March. Any 
flowers io M. smUant and 
Sans. 19-20 Holloway SL 


1986: Others exist every- 
where who to nothing else 


BEECWAM Sir Thomas Bari 
CH. April 29th 1879 to 
March 8th 1961. hi 
mnemberance of this great 
Englishman who to his life 
achieved so much and in the 
Welds of musk: and elsewhere 
and who today Is greatly 
missed by his many friends 
and admirers. 

BEECMAM. Sir Thomas. BarL. 
CH. a legend In Ws own life- 
time. On Otis the 25th anni- 
versary of his death sadly 
missed by his friends, col- 
legues and countless mustc- 
lovers all over the world. 
Remembered with graUludc 
for me pleasure and enley- 
roeni he gave io so many and 
for the musical legacy which 
he len for future generations. 
•Prai sU m what to km makes 
the remembrance dear" 
Never forgotten - Your Little 

Momm BAY Mate Mr day 
special wim a dedicated phone 
can... Just dial oo 771 l!7i 
ana hand Mr the Phone M nfe 
HvaiUbtr in London arm only : 

□owl forget u> dial im 00 n 



Do saints and anarettes 
have anything in cotmonf? 
Is anorexia the pursuit of 
perfection? A Mcrtaioa re- 
searcher would like to view 
year views. 

Tol: L«AdB 432323. 


t>l i l i Lj r) i M I h r 1 U V 




— B CU B SrembtofcT too Hvea 
Croydon contort Julia me Sun- 
set MYWne 9151 ri» 


Together we cin beat iL 

Me fund over one ihird of 
dll into the prwen 
non Jnd cure of cancer in 
ihe UK 

Help usb)' sending J dona- 
tion or makealem} to: 



bigger! n 


fill in jour advertisement in (he space 

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Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter DavalKe 


Opan University. UnS 

at medrama serial set in 
New Zealand during the 
18803 (r)8J55 Bananaman 


managed tay Mika Read. 
Am ong ttfc week's 
customers are Duran 
Duran, John Taylor. 
Boys.1n the non-mustaatf 
departments are sdanhst 

[r , . { ;.t, r . 



| ; ^ i ^4^1 

£05 News with Jan Learning. 
Weather 5.15 

Sport/ragional news. 

£20 The Moppet Show. The 

guest is' Peter Setters. 

£45 3mD Fix ft Among those 
tor whom MrSavile has 
fixed it is a penstoner who 
wants to brew tea the way 
he tfld it during the 

6.20 TlwIXduM of HozzanL 
The second and final part 
of the adventure In which 
our heroes become 
involved with the 
* underworld. 

7.05 Every Second Counts. 
Comedy quiz show for . 

7.40 TheLitlle and Large 
Show. The two 
comedians' Quests ere 

Warren MitcheS and Gene 

8.15 The Coftector*. Episode 
two of the ten-part drama 
series and the Customs 
men team that . - 
Krugerrands are being 
passed in a local casmo. 

9.05 News and sport With Jan 

Leaning. Weather. 

SL2D FHncTne House on 


tmswmdfaS help raise the 
• money to save the' 

12.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
124J5 Saint and Gmvste.ian 

and Jimmy look forward to 
- this afternoon's FA Cup 
Sixth Round matches 
1230 Wretttng. Two 
bouts from Hertford. 

130 Afrwotf. StringteBow 


charms of ar beautiful tody 
test pilot £15 Benson is 
stunned when he foams 
that he is the sole heir to 
the RayUrd Magazine 

£45 MemaAmel Attdafics. 

. Indoor International 

between the United States 
and England. The 
commentators at RAF 
Cosford are Alan Pany 
and Peter Matthews with 
Steve Ovett 
445 R esults service. 

5.00 News with Martyn Lewis. 
5.05 Connections. Quiz game 

tor teenagers, presented 


Begjay. Classic tale of a 

bv Sue Robbie 

535 TneA-Team. The fearless 
foursome come to the aid 
of a victimized fermer and 
his daughter, threatened 
. with bankruptcy. ■ 

630 The Grumblewue ds 
Show. The last - 
programme to the series. 

•• Among those cetobrfttes ' 
impersonated by the funny 
five are John Inman, Bton 
John, Mick Jagger and ' 

. David Bowie^. 

730 The Price b 

starring Christopher 
George, Janet tetah and 
Jufie Hants. A rnaoe-tor- 
tatevision thriBer about the 
disappearance of a 
woman from a blood- 
stained kitchen. Suspicion 
falls on her husband, but 
then strange factsabout 
the woman's past cast 
doubts on the evidence 
against the man. Directed 

11.10 Idatch of the Cay. Jimmy - 
Hffl introduces buhfights • - 
from today's FA Cup Sixth 

12.10 FBm: The SkuK(\96S) . 
atarringPeter Qispifia.. . 

* arid Christopher Lee. 

Horror mows sunoundng 
(to disputed skufi of the 
Marquis de Sade. Directed 
by Freddie Francis. 

130 Weather. " 

8-00 FBm: Any Second Now 
(1969) starring Stewart 
Granger, Lob Nettbton 
and Joseph Campanefla. A 
made-for-tetevision thriller 
about a husband who 
-plans the 'accfoentar 
death of his wife after she 
. catches him with another 
woman. But the pbn goes 
wrong and the wife is left • 
to worry about when her . 
Directed by Gene Levitt. . . 

£45 News and Soar!. 

bii- H'T - V 1 

United States supply ship 
In the Pacific towards the 
end of the war. Directed by 
John Fbrti and Mervyn Le 

530 DetdschdfreM Lesson 19 
of the 20-part German 
conversation course (r) 

535 Horizon: The New Face of 

■ about the fight to eradfcarte 
leprosy, (r) 

£45 NewsView. Jan Learning 
with today's news and 
sport; Sue Carpenter 
reviews the week's news 
in pictures with subtitles. 

735 International Pro- 
CelebrityGott. Arnold 
Palmer and Gary Player 
are joined by Sean 
- Connery and Bobby 

8.15 The Sea of Faith. Don 
Cupittexamtoes the 
chatfenge to the traditional 
view that the Bibb is the 
'word of God' (rtj [Ceefax) 
9JQ5 Short BunowsSngs from 
fall, Helsinki. 




330 FBra: Pygmalion* (1938) 
starring Leslie Howard 

and Wendy Hfller. George 
Barnard Shaw's classic 
about the professor of 
phonetics who bets that 
he can pass oft a Covent 
Garden flower gkl as a 
Duchess. Directed by 
Lesfie Howard and 
Anthony Asquith- 

430 Film: Disorder in Court* 

<1 938) starring The Three 
Stooges as leading 
witnesses in a murder trial. 
Directed by Preston Black. 

535 Brookfflde. A comp! teflon 
of the week's episodes 

630 FamBy Ties. Domestic 
comedy series from the 
United States. 

530 Unforgettable. Pop music 
nostalgia show. The 
guests are the New 
Seekers and Cfiff Bennett. 

730 News summary end 

weather followed by 7 
Days. Among the items Is 
Ann Loades talking to 
Andrew Rutherford about 

730 Down Home. Part two of 
the four-programme series 
on the history of fiddle 

by Robert I 
Match oft 


On long nmv. For VHF 
r ariaiions. see end of Radio 4. 
535 Shipping 630 News Briefing 
6.10 Prelude (s) 630 
News; Farming Today 630 

6^ Wfeather; Trava 
730 News 7.1D Today's 

830 News 8.10 Today's 

8.15 Sport on 4 

848 Yesterday in Parttement. 

837 Weather; Travel. 

930 News 

935 Breakaway. A practical 
guide to boUdays 
®* ai NewsStand. 

1035 The Week in 

Westminster reviewed by 
Peter Katln er at the New 
Statesman . 

1030 Loose Ends with Ned 
Shsrrtn and studio 

1130 Prom Our Own 
CorresoonttenL . 

1230 News; Money Box. With 
Louise Booing 

1227 Take Me To Your Reader 

S w series) with Tim 
Dpke-Taytor In The 
Trouble With Bitty (s) 

130 News 

< , 1.10 Any Questions? with Mgr 
Bruce Kent Max 
Hastings, David Penhatigon 
MP and Jessica Mann. 

From Redruth, Cornwall W 

230 ilLvs: The Afternoon 
Play: Mountain Ashes by 
Aian England. With Brian 
Cox ana Paul Copley. 

Drama about two men ana 

^ 330 ftews;toternatioaal 


subject of 

Basnett and friend aet out for 
Moscow via the Arctic - - 

Circle In a vintage AMs 
735 Stop The week With ■ 
Robert Robtoson-WHh 
Gary Howard (s) - - 

745 Baker's Dozen. Richard 
Baker with records (s) 

830 Saturday-Night "Theatre. 

The Hanoverian 

the Ftotendb HaU, Hetekfld. 
With Mena Wirkkaia 
(soprano); the Helsinki 
Children's Tapiola Choir, 
and the Finnish Radio 
Symphony Orchestra, 
conducted by Robin 

935 Saturday Review. 

Comment on the fBm. Out 
.. of Africa; musician John 
Martyn discusses hfe 
forthcoming world tour; 
and Robert Hughes talks 
to Avigdor Arikna about 

1045 FBm: A Husband for 
Catarina (1982) starring 
Anna Metato and Stefano 
Madia. A made-for- 
tetevision tale of a content 
old maid and her father's 
attem p ts to get her 
married off. He finally 
'i succeeds when a huge 
-dowrykires a handsome 
rogue. Directed by Luigi 

1145 The Theotonioue Monk 
Quarter In concert 
Introduced by Humphrey 
Lyttelton (r). Ends at 1.25 

830 Sataaday Live. Ben Elton 
introduces this week's 
edition. The guests include 
Jasper Carrott and the 
Blow Monkeys 

1030 HBI Street Bktes. Joyce 
Davenport, now a new 
woman, resolves to dear 
a young man accused of 
rape even though the 
odds are stacked against 
hen while Renko Is 
distraught after the hearse 
carrying his father's body 
Is hi jacked. . . 

1130 FBm: The Mummy's 

Hand* (1940) starring D ick 
Foran as an Egyptologist 
who has a terrifying 
encounter wMh a 3300- 
year old homicidal 
mummy. Directed by 
Christy Cabanne. 

12.15 Film: The Wolf Man* 
(1941) starring Lort^ 
Chaney Jr as a"riian who, 
while saving a giil from an 
attack by a wolf, is bitten 
. by the beast and turns into 
a murderous werewolf. 
Directed by George 
Waggner. Ends at 130 

330 The Saturday Feature; 

The Countryside in 
March. tVynfcrdVaugrtan- 
Thomas takas a 
seasonal look at the 

4.15 Not Another Diet 

Programme. Dr Aten 
Maryan- Dave presents a 
practical guide togetfo^ 
the best from our food 
445 Persona Grata. Jeantna 
McMullen talks about 
fliree of her favourite 
characters from fiction 
630 The Living Worid. News 

S25 Week Endmg. Sawical . 
review of the week's 
news. 530 Shipping 535 . 
Weather: Travel 
630 News; Sports Round-up 
62S Conversation Piece. Sue 
MacGregor talks to Marie 
Brier, music tbrecwr of 
English National Opera. 
*30 Ten Thousand MBes On ' 
An Overdraft. Fred 

Regional TV facing page 

Driving lessons for those 
whose second language is 

English (r) 

1035 Deutsch dlrektJ The final 
programme to the German 
conversation series. 11-20 
Tele Journal. The news as 
seen by Madrid viewers 
last Monday (t) 1145 
Nothing But the Best. Part 
seven of a parents' guide 

to secondary education (r) 

12.10 Sony. Mate, I Didn’t See 
You!. Safety advice for the 
young motorcyclist (r) 
1235 Faming 1238 

130 This Week Next Week 

presented by Donald 

MacCormick. A special 
report on how those 
members of Militant, 
already expefled, continue 
to influence the Labour 
Party 230 EastEnders. (r) 
(Ceefax) 330 The Pink 
Panther Show (r) 

3.15 FBnxfBgfit and Day (1946) 
starring Cary Grant, Alexis 
Smith and Mary Martin. 
Musical biography of Cote 
Porter. Directed by 
Michael Curtiz. 

530 Brat Farrar. Episode four 
and Simon tries to bribe 
Brat to disappear. 


530 The Living isles. How 
quickly nature makes use 
of what man leaves 
behind. (Ceefax) 

630 News with Jan Leeming. 

M0 Songs of Praise from 
Gardenmora Presbyterian 
Church, Lame. (Ceefax) 

7.15 Hancock’s Half Hour. The 
ted tries to convince his 
fellow jurymen that the 
defendant is gutty and Sid 
tries to prolong the 
proceedings in order to 
collect extra attendance 

745 Mss Marple: The Body in 
the Library. Part one of a 
three-episode mystery in 
which Miss Marpie 
investigates the murder of 
an unknown woman found 
in the library of a 
neighbour's house Jr) 

840 Mastermind. The 

specialist subjects are: the 
life and works of Beniamin 
Britten; the life of Perkin 
W&rbeck, 1474-99; the life 
and times of Benito 
Mussolini; and the life and 
-works of Geoffrey 

9.10 News with Jan Leeming. 

935 That’s Life. Consumer 
affairs programme. 

10.10 The Rock Gospel Show. 
This first of a new series 
features Carmen, The . 
Wmans, the Mint Juleps 
and the London 
Community Gospel Choir. 
Presented by Sheila Walsh 
and Alvin Stardust 

1045 You Cant See the 

Wood-The last of David 
BeUamy’s series on trees 

11.10 Secret Nature. Andrew 
Cooper explores a hazel 
copse (ri 

.1140 Weather. 

Radio 4 

535 'Shipping 630 News Briefing 

730 News 7.10 Sunday 
Papers 7.15 Apna Hi 
Ghar Samajhtye 7.45 Balls 
730 Turning Over New 
Leaves 735 Weather Travel 

830 News 8.10 Sunday 

6.15 Sunday (ReMgtous news 
and views) 

830 Richard Briers appeals 
for the Week's Good 
Cause 835 Weather Travel 

930 News 9.10 Sunday 

9.15 Letter From America by 
Ahstair Cooke 

930 Morning Service 

10.15 The Archers. Omnibus 

11.15 Pick of the Week 

Howard (s) 

12.15 Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson talks 
to Beryl Bainbridge (s) 1235 
Waa trier 

130 The World This 

Weekend; News 135 

230 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time. 

230 The Afternoon Play. 

'Taken Out' by Greg 
Cullen. Post-Fa I kiands War 
drama. With Roger 
- Wooster, Louise Osborn, 
Tessa Gearing to the 
cast, (r) (s) 

3.45 My Father, LJoyd George. 
Lady dwen Carey Evans 
talks to June Knox-Mawer (r) 
430 News; The Food 

430 The Natural History 
Programme (with Fergus 
Keebngand Lionel Kefleway) 
5.00 News; Travel 
535 Down Your Way. Brian 
Johnstone visits 
Tamworth. Staffordshire (s) 

830 News 

6.15 Weekend Woman's 
Hour. Highlights from the 
past week's programmes 
730 Travel: Lord of Misrule. 

Trie battle for the 

the mid-1 8th century (4) 

7.30»r' SSOnS 
7.45 Streams in the Desert. 
Meditation for Lent. With 
the Rev Dr Charles EHiott 
830 Bookshelf with Hunter 
Davies (r) 

830 In Grand Style. A portrait 
of the 1 Bth-century artist 
Sir Joshua Reynolds 
SUDD News; Trie Betrothed, A 
Story of 17th-century 

' TV-AM 

635 Good Morning Britain, 
brains with 'A Thought for 
a Sunday': cartoon at 730; 
Are You Awake Yet? at 
73$; the What's News 
quiz at 730; Jen! Barnett'S 
Pick Of the Week at 8.10; 
and news headlines at 

830 Jonathan Dimbieby on 


935 Wfrke Up London with the 
Vicious Boys. 935 Woody 
and Friends. Cartoons 
945 Roger Ramjet 

1030 Morning Worship from the 
Free Church Centre. St 
Ives, Cambridgeshire 
1130 Getting on. For the 
older viewer 1130 Natural 
Resources. How long win 
Britain be self-sufficient in 
oil, coal and gas? 

1230 -Weekend Wortd. Brian 
Walden assesses the 
future of Setlafield 130 
Pofice 5. Shaw Taylor with 
more dues to unsolved 
crimes to the London area 

1.10 The Smurfs, (r) 

135 FBm: OucM (1969) starring 
Peter Butterworth as the 
accident-prone best-man 
who contrives to reduce a 
country wedding to chaos. 
Directed by Gerard Bryant 

230 LWT News headlines 
followed by Encounter. 
How 20 young people are 
meeting the challenge of 
'Giving a Year to Goer set 
them by the Bishop of 

230 The Big Match Live. The 
FA Cite Fifth Round replay 
between Manchester 
United and West Ham 
United. The commentator 
at Old Trafford is Brian 
Moore, with comment 
from Ian St John and 
Jimmy Greaves. 

430 Survival: Long African 
Day. A documentary 
recording 12 hours m the 
8fe of a new-born 

530 Seal Morning. A new 
drama series, set in the 
Thirties in a remote area of 
Britain, about a teenaged 
orphan who goes to live 
with her aunt Starring 
Jane Lapotaire and Holy 

5.30 Buibeye. Darts and 

general knowledge game. 

630 Albion Market Eileen 
drops a bombshell. 

630 News with Martyn Lewis. 

640 Highway. Sir Harry 
Secombe visits Exeter. 

7.15 Catchphrase. Game 
show. (Oracle) 

745 Surprise Surprise. The 
test of the series. 

645 Crazy like a Fox. A 
wealthy eccentric whose 
son is trying to take 
control of her business, 
claims that a space ship 
landed in her vtneyard. 

9.45 News. 

1 030 Hot MetaL Comedy serial, 
very dose to fact about 
the staff of a tabloid 
newspaper. (Orade) 

1030 The South Bank Show. 
Meivyn Bragg presents a 
behind-the-scenes look at 
the making of the film, 
Absolute Beginners. 

1130 LWT News headlines 
followed by Mapp and 
Lucia. Rise holme pageant 
is now in complete control 
of Lucia, happily 
recovered from her period 
of mourning for her 

1235 Night Thoughts 

Milan by Alessandro 

10.00 News 

10.15 The Sunday Feature: File 
on Freud. Peter Evans 
examines research into the 
effects of 

Radio 3 

635 Weather. 7.00 News 
7.05 Schubert and hs 

Schubert (Overture In D. D 
556). Spohr (String 
Quartet m E flat. Op 29 No 1), 
Rossini (aria: Nacqui 
sll'affanno: La Cenerentda, 
Act 2: Frederica von 
Stade, mezzo), Clementi 
(Three Monferrine, Op 
49: John McCabe, piano), 
BelUni (Oboe Concerto in 
Eflat Han DeVries, 
oboe). Beethoven 
(Sonata in D. Op 102, No 2: 
Jacqueline Du Pre.ceUo 
and Stephen Bishop- 
Kovacevich, piano), 

Schubert (Symphony No 4). 
9.00 News 

9.05 Your Concert Choice: C P 
E Bach (Concerto in E flat 
Wq 47), Liszt ( Evocation a la 

ChapeUe Sixarte: 
Chorzempa.organ). Berkeley 
(Stnng Trio. Op 19: Melos 
Ensemble). Amaga 
(Symphony in D). 

1030 Music Weekly; Includes a 
conversation with the 
counter-tenor Paul 
Ess wood. 

11.15 Varsovia Quarter: 
Szymanowski (Quartet 

No 1). Schubert (Death and 
the Maiden quartet) 

12.15 From the 85 Proms: City 
of Birmingham SO, with 
instrumentalists Paul Willey, 
Ulnch Helrwn, Richard 
Wetgall and Andrew Bameli. 
Haydn (Smtoma 
Concertante in B flat, H 1 

1235 Words talk by Site 

12.40 From the Proms Mahler 
(Das Lied vender 
Erdej.With Norman.soprano 
and Vickers.tenor 


630 Open University. Until 

135 Ceefax. 

2.10 Rugby Special Nigel 
Starmer-Smith presents 
highlights of yesterday's 
Thom EMI County 
Championship semi-final 
between Warwickshire 
and Lancashire. 

330 Ftint Rififi* (1955) starring 
Jean Servais, Carl Mohner 
and Robert Manuel. 
French-made thriller about 
two men who plan the 
perfect jewel robbery only 
to jeopardise the 
operation by falling out 
Di reeled by Jutes Dassin. 

5.00 The Great Art Collection. 
Edwin Mullins discusses 
Bathers by a River, by 
Henri Mabsse; John Jacob 
examines August 
Macke's, The Hat Shop; 
and Egon Schiele's 
Woman with Two Children 
is commented on by 
Richard Cork. 

530 Music by Haydn* The 
Chilingtrian Quartet play 
Haydn's String Quartet No 
3inC-the Emperor. 

6.00 Ski Sunday. David Vme 
Introduces coverage of 
The Men's Downhill from 
Aspen, Colorado. 

630 The Money Programme 
includes reports on the 
new unionism; Spanish 
wine; and from the Soviet 
Academic City In Siberia 

7.15 Previn on Concertos. 
Andre Previn conducts the 
Royal Philharmonic 
Orchestra, leader Barry 
Griffiths, in a performance 
of Brahms' Double 
Concerto, with soloists 
Salvatore Accardo (violin) 
and Anne Marti ndale 
Williams (cello). 

8.05 Nature, introduced by 
Tony Soper. This week's 
edition includes a report 
from lain Guest on 
Canada's battle against 

8.45 Thinking Aloud. Socialism 
- an idea whose time has 
gone? is discussed by 

Salvatore Accardo (left), Anne Martindale- Williams and Andre 
Previn: Previn on Concertos (BBC 2. 7.15pnt) 


1,05 Irish Angle - Hands. The 
skill of a Wexford thatcher. 

130 Face toe Press. The 
Syrian foreign minister, 
Farouk al-Snara, is 

irateofThe^foserver and 
Roger Matthews of the 
Financial Times 

230 Pob's Programme. For 

230 Film: Belle of the 

Nineties' (1934) starring 
Mae West Musical 
romance about a 
burlesque queen who is 
the leading attraction at a 
gambling establishment in 
New Orleans during the 
1890s. With the Dufce 
Ellington Band. Directed 
by Leo McCarey. 

330 The Spanish Cape 

Mystery* (1935) starring 
Helen TweNetrees. An 
Ellery Queen mystery in 
which he and hts friend, 
Judge Macklin. investigate 
a murder mystery 
involving four killings. 
Directed by Lewis D 

5.15 News summary and 
weather followed by The 
Business Programme. 

Can Midlands 
businessman, John 
MacCautey, raise enough 
money to buy the Reliant 
sports car company 
before tomorrow's 

630 Second Glance. The 
second of a series of 
documentary films without 
words. This evening old 
music boxes and 
timepieces are examined. 

6.15 International VoOeybalL 
Highlights from the second 
game hi a China v an All 
Stars series. This week 
the venue is Shanghai. 

7.15 Patterns of Life: It's a 
Frog's Life. This second 
programme to a new 
World Wise series 
examines the various 
species of frog and toad to 
be found around the 

8.15 My Britain - Christopher 
Hitchens. The last 
programme of the series 
ana the United States- 
based journalist returns to 
the West Country. 

9.15 MrPye. Episode two of 
Mervyn Peake's fantasy 
set on the island of Sark. 
The beach barbecue party 
ends in disaster, and 
mysterious growths ' 
appear on Mr Pye's 

10.15 Film: The Pumpkin EateT 
(1964) starring Anne 
Bancroft and Peter Finch. 
First rate drama clinically 
dissecting the break-up of 
a marriage. Directed by 
Jack Clayton. 

12.15 Do It Yourself Cartoon Kit 
A Bob Godfrey cartoon 
about a do-it-yourself 
dnerna. Ends at 12.25 

Beatrix Campbell. Daniel 
Singer and Dick Taveme. 
Bryan Magee is in the 

930 Architecture at the 
Crossroads. An 

examination of the 
architecture of T exas. 
Among those who discuss 
their work are the 
Arquitectonia team; Philip 
Johnson; and LMJPei. 

10.10 FHm: The Russian Soldier 

® starring Warren 
!. Patrick maJahide 
and Alan MacNaughton. A 
made-for-tetevision drama 
about a man from the 
ministry who is sent to a 
remote farm to investigate 
the outbreak of a 
mysterious disease which 
is kdling all the livestock. 
Ends at 1135 

27). and Gade (In the Flower 
Garden, and Aquarelles 

235 Cricket Third day of the 
Second Test, 

7.15 The White Devil: John 
Webster's play. With 
Susan Fleetwood. Mike 
Gwilym, Gerard Murphy. 
Kenneth Cranham. David 
Garth and 11m Mclnnemy 

9.15 Phriharmorua Orchestra 
(under Carlo Maria 
Giulini).With Philharmonia 
Chorus, and soloists 
Kathleen Battle and Andreas 
Schmidt. Franck 
(Symphony m D minor ) 

935 Your True Friends: 

Robert Eddison reads 
from The Consolation ol 
Philosophy, by Boethius 
10.15 Phitoarmonia 

Concertpart 2. Faure 
(the Requiem) 

11.00 Spanish Piano Music: 
EnnquB Perez de 
Guzman plays works by 
Momsalvatge including 
Trois divertissements. Opl) 
1135 Albert Sammons: violin 
records. Mozart 
(Sin ton ia Concertante in E 
flat K 364. with 
Tertis, viola and LPO). Mono. 
1137 News. 1230 Closedown. 
VHF only: 6.35am to 6.55: Open 
Unh/erstty. Modem Art. 235 BBC 
Philharmonic Orchestra .under 
Downes. With Dennis Simons 
(violin). David Blake (Violin 
Concerto). Bax (Symphony No 
7).335 Piano Quintets: Melos 
Quartet with Emanuel Ax, piano. 
Schumann (Piano Quintet in E 
flat Op 44).Dvorak (Plano Quintet 

to A. Op at); 5.15 Left, Right and 

Centre. Changes in French political 
life.WIth Richard Mayne (1). 

630 Sal linen and Hbimboe: BBC 
Welsh SO. SaUmen (Symphony 
No 3). Hoimboe (Symphony No 7). 
635 Alexander Goehr: BBC 
Singers. A Little Cantata of 
Proverbs, Two Choruses. Op 

t Radio 2 

News on the hour. Headlines 
730am. Cricket Second Test 

(West Indies vs England) 

12.02pm. 3.02. 4.02, 532. 6.02, 
430am Martin Stanford (s) 6.00 
Sieve Truetove (s) 730 Roger 
Royie says Good Mommg 
Sunday (s) 9.05 Melodies tor You 
(s) 1130 Desmond Carrington 
(s) 1.00pm Ken Bruce presents 
Two s Best fs) 230 Benny 
Green (s) 330 Alan Dell (s) 4.00 
Jazz Classics to stereo A 26- 

Gentle Touch (Tammy Jones is 
pined by Campbell's Country) 
8.00 Cynthia Glover Sings B30 

Radio 1 

The Great Rock 'n Roll Trivia Quiz 
(Mark Page) 4.00 Chartbustars 
Bruno Brookes) 5.00 Top 40 
Bruno Brooks) (S) 7.00 Anne 

iuest Show |s) 9.00 
(s) 11.00-12.00 
The Ranking Miss P with Culture 


aoo Newsoask. 7X0 News. 7.09 Twenty- 
Four Hours. 7 JO From our own Corre- 
spondent. 7 JO Waveguide, am News, 
am Reflections. 8.15^ Science in Action. 
S4S in Holy Comem piaton. 10JM News. 
11X01 Short Story. 10.15 Classical Record 
Review. 1030 Sunday Service. 11.00 
News, nm News About Bream. 11.15 
From our own Correspondent. 11 JO Ray 
for the Week- Odanoo. 1.00 News. 1.09 
Twenty-Four Hours. 130 Sports Round- 
up 1.45 The Sana Jones Request Show. 
2m News. 230 Pride and Prejudice, am 
Radio NewsreeL 3.15 Intamaiionaf Recit- 
al. 430 News. 4.15 Tne world's Mast 
Successful Virus. 4A5 Letter Front Amen- 
ta. 530 News. 5J» Reflections 5-15 
Meridian 8.00 News. 839 Twenty-four 

Hours 9.15 The Pleasure's Yours. KL00 
News 10.09 Breakfast at Tltiany's. 10-25 
Book Chore. 1030 Financial Review 
10.40 Reflections. 1045 Sports Roundup 
lim News lim Commentary 11.15 
Letter from America 1130 The Mind in 
Focus 12-00 News 1239 News About 
Bream 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1230 
Rekgous Service 1.00 News 1.09 The 
Stir Wars History 1.45 BngAsh Song 
2.00 News 2-09 Review ol the British 
Press 2.15 ffeetiis s Chore 2Jfl5aenoe 
m Action 3.00 News 3-09 News About 
Bream 3.15 Good Books 330 News 3m 
News About Bream 3.15 Good Books 
130 Anything Goes AJONewsdesk 430 
Fgreon Attains 5.45 Recording Of the 
Week AB times in GMT 

Regional 71 facing page 

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NAM* _ 


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By Craig Seton 
Magistrates were among 
members of the West Mid- 
lands police committee who 
appeared before a judge at the 
High Court in Birmingham 
yesterday to face a motion to 
jail them for contempt of 

Members of the 30-strong 
Labour-controlled committee 
bad been served with writs by 
the Police Federation, which 
alleged that they had defied 
court orders to negotiate rises 
in rent allowances for police- 
men in the West Midlands. 

Mr Justice Skinner gave the 
committee seven days to fix 
the rent allowance and ad- 
journed the committal pro- 
ceedings. He told members of 
the committee: “This is not a 
case where there is anv ques- 
tion of going to prison.*’ 

The committee members, 
including Sir Edwin Shore, 
the chairman, had filed into 
court number five and taken 
seats usually occupied by ju- 
rors and journalists, to hear 
Mr Conrad Schiemann. QC. 
for the federation, say that its 
patience was exhausted 
He told the judge: “Of 
course ray clients do not 
actually wish to see Justices of 
the Peace and councillors who 
are members of that commit- 
tee lanquishing in Winson 
Green Prison.” 

The judge replied to laugh- j 
ter in the court: “That is 
highlv unlikely." 

Mr Schiemann said that the 
committee had been required 
by an order of mandamus to 
review and determine a maxi- 
mum limit for rent allow- 
ances. after considerable 
delay, but the assumption that 
the committee would fix such 
a limit had turned out to be 

The Police Federation had 
been waiting for more than a 
year, and as the police com- 
mittee was due to be abolished 
at the end of this month, the 
federation was concerned 
about further delays. 

Mr Michael Burke-Gaffney. 
QC, for members of the 
committee, said they wholly 
rejected that they were in 
contempt of court. 

Buildin gs that h oused^J|ineIda , s treasure trove 

From Christopher Thomas 
New York 

I me Ida Marcos's fire-storey 
town house at 13-15 East 66th 
Street, just off Fifth Avenue, 
was a trove of priceless an- 
tiques and treasures until it 
was mysteriously looted short- 
ly before the tail of her 
husband's government in the 

It had the gaudy opulence of 
a pleasure palace, a Iittle-nsed 
pad for lavish dinner s and 
receptions when the former 
First Lady was in town. 

From here, many of the 
extraordinary buying sprees of 
Ferdinand Marcos's wife were 
conducted. She was in New 
York fire months ago to add 
another S2 million worth of 
antiques and bric-a-brac to the 
decor, according to accounts of 
store owners. 

The limestone mansion once 
housed the Philippines Con- 
sulate, which was relocated ten 
years ago to 556 Fifth Avenne. 
The City of New York is 
claiming $1.124000 in unpaid 
rates and interest. 

Philippines Government 
representatives who are taking 
an inventory of the m ansio n 
say that huge crates of furni- 
ture and antiques were re- 
moved by unknown people 
davs before the Marcoses left 
for Hawaii on board an Ameri- 
can military plane. 

Items missing include some 
large Ming-style vases, a 1763 
harpsichord. Persian carpets, 
works by Van Gogh, Brueghel 
the Younger, and Picasso. In 
1981 Mrs Marcos paid S4.5 
million (£3.2 million) for a 
collection of English antique 
furniture. Most of it has since 
mysteriously vanished. 

But in the library the remov- 
al men have left original 
editions of Balzac and Dick- 
ens, as well as photographs of 
the Marcoses with the Queen, 
the Pope. Mao and others. A 
whirlpool bath, a large collec- 
tion of pop music and the 
sparkling chandeliers give ft 
all a slightly frivolous air. 

But all of this is small beer. 
Ferdinand Marcos, through 
an elaborate network of third 
parties and offshore corpora- 
tions, has at least a part stake 
in three prime commercial 
properties in Manhattan 
worth about $350 mSfion, pins 
a spectacular waterside Long 
Island mansion known as The 

There is also talk about 
property holdings in Paris, 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales attend a concert, the 
Royal Albert HalL SW7. 7 JO. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,988 . 

Solution to Poole No 16^82 Solution to Puzzle No 16387. 

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1 Right to deliver talk (4.6) 

6 Used by fishermen at land- 
ing-stage? Nonsense! (4) 

9 Complaint due to unusual 
heat? On the contrary (6.4) 

10 Check 20 of 8 (4) 

12 Dashing young fellow 
passed irresponsibly (4) 

13 Reportedly selected college 
publication (9) 

15 Modified and hence im- 
proved (8) 

16 At the same time that 
learner enters the game (6) 

18 Penal reformer in Home Of- 
fice prison section (6) 

20 Mother's dressed for the 
track (4.4) 

23 Vegetable for female head in 
US (5,4) 

24 Disturbance in earth (4) 

26 Have property beside West 
End in London (4) 

27 Something familiar for the 
sexton, perhaps (4-6) 

28 Boat firm in Cornwall (4) 

Concise Crossword page 16. 


U\- i . 

iiddrisw i 

m &0: v#-':- - 

§ fcfo«y 




* J / 

> £ 

V 4 

* Ci 

i- * 

The Marcoses’ luxury five-storey Manhattan town house on East 66th Street has everything, indoding a kitchenon every flcKJT . « .and a 

Geneva, Brazil and London. A losing mosey. The Herald 
stunning California property Center, which opened a year 
known as the Pasadena Man- ago, is only half occupied. Tbe 

sion, pins 100 other California net loss from the investments 

properties worth about $11 
million, are being investigated 
by State officials. There are 
also rumours of holdings is 

Mr Michael Lewan, Chief 
of Staff to Representative 
Stephen Sol&rz, who heads a 
Congressional delegation now 
in tire Philippines, said yester- 
day: “There seems to be no 
doubt that there are substan- 
tial properties in Great Brit- 
ain, residential and com- 
merriaL Mrs Marcos had 
some very expensive town 
houses in Europe. She trav- 
elled abroad quite a bit, and 
she didn’t stay at the Holiday 

The three Manhattan build- 
ings were for sale late last 
year, but a New York judge 
has put a restraining order on 
any transfer of ownership. 
They are a flashy nine-storey 
shopping mall, the Herald 
Center, just across the road 
from Macy’s in raid-town 
Manha ttan; a Fifth Avenue 
office block called tbe Crown 
Building; and offices at 40 
Wall Street. 

In a fascinating twist, the 
investment in the buildings is 

losing money. The Herald 
Center, which opened a year 
ago, is only half occupied. Tbe 
net loss from the investments 
is about $2 mflfion a month. 

The managers, Mr Joseph 
Bernstein and his brother, 
Ralph, owners of New York 
l-fl ud Gx, have always denied 
any connection with Mr Mar- 
cos. Joseph Bernstein, aged 
37, said the properties have 
$250 million of debt on them. 

Meanwhile, back at the 
mansi on on East 66th, Mr 
Billy VidaL one of the Fffipino 
custodians, said: "We are not 
proud of die opulence. This is 
the accumulation of 20 years 
of absolute power”. 

• British holdings: The Mar- 
cos holdings in Britain are 
hidden behind company 
names (Our Property Corre- 
spondent writes). Among them 
is a flat in the 1970s block 
called Plane Tree House, in 
Duchess of Bedford Walk. 
Kensington worth about 

Several houses in Addison 
Road, also in Kensington, have 
been home to members of the 
family, including No 58. a 
semi-detactaed bouse divided 
into two maisonettes. It was 
put up for sale six months ago 
at an estimated £375,000 bat 
was later withdrawn. 

The lindenmere mansion, with two pools and a tennis 

Ki-. hr*. 


Gold-plated taps adorn one of the Manhattan bathrooms. The 24-storey fifth Avenue offices, worth £50 tmfisrn. 


Travel Information ) In the garden 

A prize o/Tbe Times Atlas ofWorid History mU be avert for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday Enina 
should be addressed to: The Tima . Saturday Crossword 
Competition, 12 Coley Street. London WC99 9YT. The winners 
and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday’s competition are: 

Mrs Shirley Herbert. 488 High Road, Woodford Green, Essex; 
Mr Rod FarretL 22 Clarence Street, Dartmouth, Devon : Miss 
Matilda Mitchell. 56 India Street. Edinburgh. 


29 Tidy up what’s shattering in 
pieces (10) 


1 Brave front 

2 No longer a trap in Devon 
town ( 7 ) 

3 What's in store for cattle in 
market (5-2-5) 

4 People flying see space dif- 
ferently (8) 

5 Material for dressing in 
medical I conducted (6) 

7 Colonial construction 
worker given rise (3.4) 

8 May fertile characters pro- 
duce this? (6,4) 

II Lqvc performance? Cer- 
tainly not! (7,5) 

14 Beet? It’s out — tea con- 
sumed for them (10) 

17 Raised capital long before 
noon for plant (8) 

19 The most famous book (4,3) 

21 Sound spur to understand- 
ing (7) 

22 Best or worst (6) 

25 Wading bird cut quantity of 
fish (4) 

De Montfort Halt Granville 
Rd, Leicester, 7.30. 

Concert by Bristol University 
Chamber Cboir and Orchestra; 
Clifton Cathedral, Bristol. 7.30. 

Recital by Highgate Choral 
Society: St Michael's Church, 
South Grove, Highgate, N6, 8. 

Concert by Leighton Buzzard 
Festival Singers. Sylvia Ripley 
(soprano), Stephen Beaven 
(baritone); Cedars’ School, 
Mentmore Rd. Leighton Buz- 
zard. 7.45. 

Organ recital by Graham 
Baiter; St Peter Mancroft. Nor- 
wich, 7.30. . 

Recital by Vivaldi Chamber 
Ensemble; St James's Church, 
Piccadilly. 7-30. 

Violin recital by Kari Jones; 
Dulwich Picture Gallery, Col- 
lege Rd, SE21. 1 1.30. 


Antiques and Collectors’ Fair; 
Imperial Rooms, Matlock, 
Derbyshire, 10 to 5. 

Collectors' Record Fair; 
Students' Union. Queen’s 
University, Belfast, 10 to 4. 

East Anglia Spring Antiques 
Fain The Aalhenaemn. Angel 
HilL Bar; St Edmunds, Suffolk. 
2 to 8. 

Book Fair; Assembly Rooms, 
George St, Edinburgh, 10 to 5. 

Book Fair, Norbury House, 
Friar St, Drokwich, 10 to 4 JO. 

Book Fair, Central Library. 
Portsmouth. 10 to 5. 


Royal engagements 
Pr i ncess Anne attends the 
BAFTA Craft Awards, Picca- 
dilly. 7.15. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a concert. Royal Albert 
HalL SW7. 7 JO. 


Concert by Manchester 
Camera ta. Nicholas Kraemer 
(conductor); Manchester Free 
Trade Hall, 7 JO. 

Concert of traditional Irish 
Music; Riverside Studios, Crisp 
Road, Hammersmith, W6, 12 to 
2 . 

Concert by Ochestra Australis 
of Australian and British Music; 
St James’s Church, Piccadilly, 

Concert by New Tyneside 
Orchestra; lung's HalL New- 
castle University, 3. 

Concert by Dartington Col- 
lege Chamber Orchestra; Si 
John's, Smith Sq, SW1, 7.3a 


Antique and Collectors Fair; 
Alexandra Pavillkra, Wood 

Green, N22, 12 to 6. 

Antique and Collectors Fair, 
Hampstead Old Town Hall, 
Haverstock HilL N6; 1 1 to 5. 

Careers for the 1980s; Bristol 
Exhibition Centre. 10 u> 5. 

-I gloomily forecast some 
weeks ago that we were not 
going to have an early spring. 
Still “a late spring never 
deceives”. Once it comes it stays 
and does not go bade on itself- 
So let us resign ourselves to a 
late start with sowings and 
plantings this year. 

Soil temperature at 4ins deep 
at Wisley in Surrey earlier m tbe 
week was 29*F. This is 10*F 
below nonnaL There is no point 
in sowing seeds until the tem- 
perature is 42*F or over, which 
will probably not be before late 
March in the south or into April 
in the north. Warm rains how- 
ever from the Atlantic could of 
course warm the soil up fairly 

It is of course posab l e to 
improve matters by setting glass 
or plastic cloches in place on 
ground where sowings of peas, 
broad beans, carrots, turnips 
and parsnips are to be mad e. 
Greenhouse owners who set 
about acquiring or pro p ag ating 
plants that don’t mind a certain 
amount of frost provided they 
have the shelter from _ bitter 
winds can bavea delightful 
range of plants in bloom earlier 
than those in the open. 



A S airstream will cross the 
country with a frontal system 
‘ crossing some NW districts. 

6 am to raid algfct 



Births: Carl PtuEpp Emanuel 
Bach, Weimar, Germany, 1714; 
Kenneth Grahame, Author of 
Wind In The Willows. Edin- 
burgh, 1859. 

Deaths: Sir WDKain Cham- 
bers. architect (Somerset 
House), London. 1796: Hector 
Berkriz. Paris, 1869. 
Births: William Cobbett. 
Farnham, Surrey, (763; Ernest 
Bevin. Foreign Secretary 1945- 
51, Winsford, Somerset, 1881. 

Deaths: Arnold Toynbee, so- 
cial philosopher, London, 1 883; 
WBbam L German emperor 
1871-88. Berlin. 1888. 

The pound 

Conserve water 

Recant smre matter co ntMotc, 
Momd Uy the sudden thaw, ans causing 
senousprobtems for Thames Vtetarfei the 
London area. Bust pipes are upby throe 
antes the nor ms! level in the Thames's 
region. Themes Wear mo ashing con- 
sumers to conserve water ana make sue 
that you know where the carercCnQ 
stopvaJva on your water Supply is, and 
check that it works. 

For readers who may bare 
missed a copy of The Tima tfak 
week, we repeat belt* the 
week’s Portfolio price changes 
(today’s are oa page 22). 

M w nr Kf M 

BElEEl iB 

CFJ ffFTrFlCF] £F!fn 
KnEnEyig g tfMEM M 



P i! rags tacs CO M 

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