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The Prime Minister is ready 
to fight faerfoird-term election 
on a radical Conservative 
m anife sto which will defy the 
growing Cabinet and party- 
demands for a retreat on 
vintage Thatcherism. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher’s 
closest political allies are con- 
fident that while foe wifi li sten 

tn <lu iuh>« ■ •_» 

colleagues, she will not heed 
any of the expected calls for 
caution, consensus or consoli- 

Cabinet-level sources say 
that the Prime Minister has 
the p ower to outface her party 
critics, no matter how senior, 
because they have no special 
status in the ^manifesto-mak- 
ing process. 

While Cabinet ministers 
may be asked to contribute 
manifesto policy submissions, 
those who attempt to water 
down Mrs Thatcher's own 
radical ideas wifi find that die 
is determined to accept' no 

The same authoritative 
sources also say that the 
manifesto will not be a matter 
for discussion by Cabinet, and 
that there will therefore be no 
fonimforanyfightback by the 
"'wets’’ and, “consolidators” 
who now make up about half 
of Mrs Thatcher's Cabinet 

The danger fer the Govern- 
ment is that Labour and the 
Alliance would attempt -to 
make political capital not only 
from the hard-line manifesto, 
but from dissent within the 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Conservative ranks. However, 
-those ranks tend to close in 

Downing Street sources 
have confirmed that the Prime 
Minister wants to attack the 
problems of education with a 
credit system which would 
enable parents to choose be- 
tween the state and private 

schools are also being consid- 
ered for the inner cities. 

' A greater element of choice 
is also expected to be spread to 
the health service, and a more 
adventurous training pro- 
gramme is bemg considored 
for the young and long-term 

Some Conservative minis , 
ters are expressing concern at 
hints of Mrs Thatcher’s deter- 
mination to drive back further 
foefrontiere of the stale. There 
is talk of a resistance move- 
ment. The senior sources say, 
however, that the great beamy 
of the Conservative Party is 

Mis' Thatcher no watering 
. . . down of her plan. 

that there xs no written proce- 
dure for making a manifesto. 
The reins of power are held by 
the party leader and dose 
political colleagues. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, was put in 
charge of the last manifesto 
and preliminary work on the 
next phase of Mrs Thatcher’s 

|rivguuuuiv mu uv wv 

control of Mr Norman Tebhit, 

Mrs Thatcher’s friends be? 
if eve that she has one positive 
chance of re-election for a 
third term - an exciting and 
radical programme which, 
they say, will appeal to the 
voters' basic demand for more 
freedom, lower taxation, and 
greater choice in education, 
health, housing and pensions. 

That view is underlined by 
their analysis of recent elec- 
tion history. They aigue that 
Labour governments have 
been elected only by default 
when the Macmillan adminis- 
tration ran out of steam after 
1959 and when the Heath 
administration failed to live 
up to its radical 1970 election 

It is said that the electorate 
is hostile towards controls and 
regulations, and that Mrs 
Thatcher has appealed suc- 
cessfully to that fundamental 
political instinct with the abo- 
lition of pay and price curbs, 
foreign exchange, bank lend- 
ing and hire purchase restric- 
tions; privatization; sale of 
couhcfl bouses; and the break- 
ing of restrictive trade union 


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'Sf-ij. •: - .43 
■ ' £«df M : *m 

A woman dodges the arm of M Jacques Chirac, mayor of Paris, as he tries to shake hands 
with a member of the crowd while campaigning in MontreoiL Campaign reports, page 4. 


Laughing to 
the bank 

Alongside soap 
operas, game shows 
are big earners in the 
television ratings 
war. TheTimez 
looks behind the 
bells, buzzers 
and banter , 

Milan elan 

Suzy Menkes on 
Italy’s return to 
form and fit 

\ By1>avMlSnihh,EamomicsCcrrespoadfmt^ 

The Chancellor of the Ex- , The sterimg M3 money 
chequer, Mr Nigri JLawson, measure was dropped by the 

aims to present a Budget a Chancellor six months ago 
week tomorrow which - wifi when it was rising at double its 
convince the fin a n c i al mar- target range. Although the 
keis that the Goveraraart’s Chancellor said he would 
med ium t erm strategy is still review the position at Budget 
4a com sa : time, many City economists 

The Budget wifi indude the «pected Mr Lawon to con- 
return ofthe huger for the toue without sterimg M3 as a 
broad measure of money sup- la 0S Et ’. t j. ' ... . - « 

ply, sterling M3, dropped six Until sterimg M3, crngmafiy 
i wrmihc ^? the cornerstone of the Gov- 

... - erhment's financial strategy, 

w 35 last October, its 

sbck rigidly tothe £7^billion growth range was set at 

3 tight 4-8 perlem for the 
allowed -for in the 1986-87 financial year beginning next 

-financial year under present 

. This, means that there , wifi 
be no scope for net reductions 
in taxation. 

The Chancdlor is likely to 
raise the duty on petrol. 


However, the Chancellor 
may set . a higher, but more 
credible target Control of the 
money supply wifi be through 
interest rates, not through the 
“overfunding” — selling more 

Tire Times Portfolio 
competition prize of 

D L Monro of Woldnptam, 
Berks. The da3y prize of 
£2,000 was . shared between 
Mr I S Hopkins of Walsafi 
and Mr G Glynn of BristoL 
Portfolio list, page 20; howto 
play aid rales, information 
service, page 32. 

Pay triumph 

Women have won pay rises of 
up to £40 per week by using 
equal pay legislation, a TUC 
document discloses, and hun- 
dreds more claims are to be- 
beard by industrial tribunals 
in the coming months ftage 3 

Royal setback 

The Queen and the Duke of : 
Edinburgh were forced to 
abandon a ceremonial lauding 
at Adelaide when heavy seas 
threatened to- dash tire royal 
barge against a jetty Page 9 

alcohol and cigarettes by more government stock than is 
than is needed to compensate needed to cover public bor- 
fbr inflation, using the pro- rowing. ...... 

ceeds either to cut income tax Two reports published to- 
by also raising allowances by day suggest that the Cnancel- 
more than inflation, or. by l° r wtfi SO ' farther next week 
continuing with last year’s than simply shifting between 
programme of reducing Na- £“ nes, ^° 1 ^ P^ 116 tax x 

tional Insurance contributions 
for the lower paid. 

Argyll chief 
says he will 
not resign 

Mr James Gulliver, chair- 
man of the Argyll Group, 
-which is bidding £Z3 billion 
for Distillers, admitted yester- 
day that part of his entry in 
Who's Who was incorrect But 
he said that there, was no 
question of his resigning. 

The entry says that Mr 
Gulliver was educated at the 
universities of Glasgow and 
Harvard. His American edu- 
cation included a three-week 
course in marketing at Har- 
vard Business School, and a 
year at the Georgia Institute of 
Technology where he gained 
his American Master of Sci- 
ence degree. DetaBs, page 17 

Directors optimistic, page 2 
Comment, page 17 

Violence goes 
on in black 

Johannesburg— Violence in 
South Africa’s black town- 
ships showed no signs of 
ebbiogal the weekend, despite 
Fridays lifting of the emer- 
gency (Michael Hornsby 

Police said a black ghi was 
killed when they used shot- 
guns to disperse a crowd in the 
Eastern Gape, and a man died 
when a black policeman shot 
at a mob. 

A woman was killed by 
other blacks in northern 
Transvaal and a man was 
stabbed to death in the East- 
ern Cape. 

Fans give 
police clue 
to rapists 

By Michael Horsaell 

Detectives hunting tire gang 
who raped a vicar’s danghter 
were last night sifting through 
foe naines of 3JH10 members of ! 
the pop group MarilKon’s fan 
dub after contacting tire band 
in Canada. 

A spider’s web tattoo and 
the initials MAR ou the hands 
of two of tile three rapists who 
struck at the west London 
vicarage on Thursday, hate 
established a fink with 
Mansion strange^; 

far! " ' ' 

The group has a fan dnb 
and magazine both called 
“The Web” — a symbol which 
was first adopted by Munition 
after the release of a song of 
that tide. 

Police contacted the group 
in Calgary, tire latest stop in a 
torn of Canada and tire United 

Lead singer, Fish, aged 27, 
from Edinburgh, immediately 
consented to a police request 
for the fan dnb membership 

Most of fans are girls aged 
15 to 18 and this should help 
police track down foe gang of 
three men, two of whom are in 
their late twenties or early 

Mr John Aroison, the 
soup's manager, said from 
Calgary: “The hud is abso- 
lutely horrified by the possi - 
bilhy that the rapists may 
have a connection with them. 

“The police have said that 
it’s one of various leads they 
are foUowing up. Because most 
of tire fans are young girls 1 
think the web connection may 
be just OMnddkmtaL These 
men don't sound like tire sort 
of fans we have.” 

Apart from its Scottish lead 
singer. Fish, foe group comes 
from Aylesbury, Bucks, about 
20 miles from foe scene of the 
rape, and many of its members 

Continued on page 2, col 7 

Hopes fade for 
summit meeting 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

A farther serious obstacle in 
foe way of an agreement on a 
date for the second superpower 
summit has been imposed by 
Washington’s decision to limit 
foe number of Soviet diplo- 
mats working at die United 
Nations in New York and 
Moscow's furious public reac- 
tion to the move. 

The new bitterness between 
the Kremlin and the White 
after Mr 

MikhaBGdrtnchov, the Sovi- 
et leader, twice hinted to the 
Communist Party congress 
that the Soviet Urnon might 
back out of this year's meeting 
ft it failed to secure a prior 
indication from Washington 
that an agreement on arms 
control could materialize. 

Senior Western diplomats 
said hero yesterday that tire 
row over the alleged Soviet 
spies at foe UN had increased 
foe already burgeoning dis- 
trust between the superpow- 

Tass news agency described 
die US request for foe number 
of Soviet diplomats to be cut 
from 275 to 170 by 1988 and 
the accompanying call for cuts 
in Soviet personnel at foe 
Byelorussian and Ukrainian 
missions as an “nncerenoai- 
oas demand” whkh had been 
made on “far-fetched and 
groundless pretexts” in order 
to undermine the UN. 

Yesterday foe agency re- 
turned to foe offensive with a 
six-page story in which it 
cfaimed that foe US had failed 
to act against well-known 
perpetrators of “acts of 
terrorism 1 ’ against foreign 
missions to the UN. 

This was seen as part of a 
Kremlin tactic to use the 
exp ulsi on demand as ammuni- 
tion to step up its campaign for 
a switch in the venae of the 
UN headquarters. 

“A massive terrorist cam- 
paign agaast the missions of 
the socialist countries, as well 
as progressive, developing 
states and national liberation 
movements to the UN has 
been under way with 
Washington's connivance for 
many years,” the agency al- 
leged. “Bomb blasts and acts 
of arson at buildings bousing 
diplomatic missions, acts of 
imddbm • sad heoligaaisre, 
i ntimidation and' threats of 

Summit donbts 5 

I wading article 13 

physical violence — such have 
been the manifestations of this 
hostile campaign.” 

The agency also quoted foe 
permanent Bulgarian repre- 
sentative at the UN, Mr Boris 
Isvektov, as claiming that 
Washington's move accorded 
with “foe general line of the 
US directed towards a perma- 
nent complication of foe inter- 
national situation.” 

• NEW YORK: The size of 
foe Soviet mission to the 
United Nations has been a 
long-standing target of suspi- 
cion from tire UN diplomatic 
community and the American 
request for cuts in foe delega- 
tion was expected to be widely 
applanded privately (Zoriana 
Pysariwsky writes). 

Senor Javier Perez de 
Cuellar, the UN Secretary- 
General has handed the mat- 
ter over to his legal counsel for 
study, but UN sources said it 
was unlikely that a definitive 
position would be token on 
what was largely a bilateral 
matter between tire United 
States and the Soviet Union. 
They said that even if foe 
Secrotary-General should op- 
pose foe US action there was 
little, if anything, he could do 
about it. 

Summit doubts,page 5 

Beirut kidnappings shock France 

From Diana Geddes 

France has been thrown 
into a state of shock by the 
seizing of four more French- 
men by pro-Iranian extremists 
. in Beirut, and by the news that 
Islamic Jihad is threatening to 
kill another of the original 
four hostages after the report- 
ed “execution” last week of M 
Michel Seurat, a sociologist 
Just one week before the 
French general elections, the 
Prime Minister and two other 
ministers have interrupted 
their campaigns in order to 

keep in close touch with 

Already, four emissaries 
have been sent to Beirut, 
Damascus, and Teheran, to 
try to find out whether M 
Seurat has been killed and to 
gather information on thefate 
of four members of a televi- 
sion crew seized in Beirut on 

Islamic Jihad threatened on 
Saturday to kill another of the 
original four hostages unless 
France got back from Baghdad 
within seven days, the two 
pro-Iranian Iraqis expelled by 

Paris for suspected involve- 
ment in bomb attacks. 

Paris originally claimed foe 
police had committed “no 
Fault” in expelling the two. M 
Pierre Joxe, Minister for the 
Interior, has called, however, 
for an immediate revision of 
all expulsion proceduresand 
Mme Joelle Kaufman n, wife 
of one of the original hostages, 
said that President Mitterrand 
had described the expulsion of 
tbc two Iraqis as “a horrible 
story, a total blunder”, when 
she saw him. 

Kidnap details, page 7 

SESfiii Aquino to proclai m revoluti onary government 

T AJT vmr 

United out 

Manchester United, the FA 
Cup holders, were knocked 
out of this season's competi- 
tion when West Ham b eat 

Ftanros 19-12 
LtwRcpect 22 

From Keith Dalton, Manila ; 

President Aquino will prp- 
cfrtim “in a few days” a 
revolutionary government, 
whkh will suspend all existing 
fans but keep Paifiainent 
intact until general decfams 
are held, foe Political Affairs 
Minister, Mr Antonio Cnoko, 
said yesterday- 

>n._ wik.iImI miii.iT 1 DfHvm- 

nated by the politkari party of 
Mr Marcos, coexisting with a 
revolutionary government. 

The anno u ncem en t came af- 
ter days «f lengthy and secret 
debate on how ivi dismantle the 
20-year-old «liuiwhiiatiiw of 
fo& ousted President and dk- 


said, wnn ure onuuHK w b ik-t 

coastftBtxoa, which would fake 
about three months. It would 
replace foe 1973 martial law 
constitution' which Jheoipo- 
isted sweeping affresi . and 
powers Used' by. 

ex-President Marcos 
Mr Cameo said mere was 

The Justice Minister, Mr 
Neptati Gonzalez, has consis- 
tently declared that Mrs 
Aquino'S- fl d mf nk f r ation is 
revolutionary because it was 
swept into power by a people's 
proclamation after a nufoary 
revolt aid popular uprising. 

But Mrs Aquino has de- 
layed proclaiming herself head 

President Aquino: Afraid of 
- adverse reactions, 
of a revolutionary government 
because of fear of adverse 
reaction from Western diplo- 
mats worried about its conno- 
tations of instability and iB- 
deffned laws, foe Balletm 

Today newspaper reported 

A panel of 30 will draft the 
new constitution, which is 
expected to return foe country 
to a presidential system, possi- 
bly rimilar to the bicameral 
congress Mr Marcos abol- 

A plebiscite to ratify the new 
charter would be held and 
general and local government 
elections called soon after- 
wards, officials said yesterday. 

Although retaining the no- 
toriously subservient National 
Assembly, Mrs Aquino fa 
unlikely to work with it Her 
Executive Secretory, Mr Jok- 
er Arroyo, has described the 
assembly as “irrelevant”, and 

until now Mrs Aquino has 
ignored Parliament because of 
its failure to proclaim her 
wiener of the February 7 pofl. 

But by allowing it to sit out 
the constitutional interregnum 
until new elections are heli ? 
Mrs Aquino would avoid 
charges by her opponents that 
foe Filipino people simply 
exchanged one dictator for 

A new amnesty commission, 
with centres in rebel strong- 
holds. will soon be established 
to entice communist guerrillas 
from the hills with job offers 
and loam for education and 
small private businesses, Mr 
Cnenco told the Philippines 
News Agency. 

Tough security is expected 
in Northern Ireland tomorrow 
as both governments signal 
their determination to back 
the Anglo-Irish agreement by 
holding foe fourth meeting of 
the joint ministerial confer- 
ence in foe province. 

Mr Peter Barry, the Irish 
Republic's Minister for For- 
eign Affairs, is likely to fly to 
Stormont for discussions with 
Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, in 
which cross-border security, 
justice and foe position of the 
Irish language will be high on 
foe agenda. 

The meeting will enrage 
Unionist politicians who have 
been demanding first foe 
scrapping, and now the sus- 
pension, of the agreement so 
that a round-table conference 
can be held aimed at obtaining 
devolved government. 

But the determination of 
foe governments to press 
ahead with the deal after foe 
“loyalist” protests will make it 
more difficult for Unionist 
politicians, particularly Offi- 
cial Unionists, who are anx- 
ious for resumed talks with the 
Prime Minister. 

Although Mrs Thatcher is 
understood to be concerned 
officials misjudged the extent 
of Unionist opposition, she is 
in no mood to retreat, particu- 
larly after foe intimidation 
and violence which accompa- 
nied last Monday's 24-hour 
industrial stoppage. Officials 
believe that to give any sign of 
weakness to Unionists at foe 
moment would be a mistake. 

However, it is clear that the 
work of the conference, while 

not in suspension, ts progress- 
ing at a very slow pace. 

Mr King and Mr Barry- put 
on a public display of friend- 
ship. but it is understood their 
relationship is not particularly 

There is little in the deal so 
far which Unionists can point 
to as being a direct result of 
Dublin involvement in the 

A further indication of foe 
Government’s hardline posi- 
tion towards foe Unionists is 
expected after Easter when 
ministers meet to decide on foe 
future of foe Northern Ireland 

The threat is that the As- 
sembly nil] be closed down 
until all-party talks are start- 
ed, and that new elections will 
only be held in October if Mr 
John Home, of the Social 
Democratic and Labour Part}’, 
is satisfied that progress has 
been made to the pointthst he 
can take part in the Assembly. 

north and, in spite of pressure 
from officials, Mr King is not 
prepared to repeal the Flags 
and Emblems Act, which ef- 
fectively bans the tricolour. 

Some Unionists believe that 
the lack of progress by the 
conference could allow them 
to restart discussions with the 
Prime Minister. 

Security forces are prepared 
for street disorder during the 
traditional marching season 
and further attempts by elect- 
ed politicians to undermine 
the morale of foe Royal Ulster 

tasiji . 
in * 
re r a ai 

ig I 

200 B ci 

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i y 20, c 

i ctedr es 

! r Frii 
i ale«_ , 7s 

• ,ed e ii 
nurt a 
ame, f ;il 
to e t 

ire l £ :n 

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scct a or 

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t TO v 0 

ares. » 
ms * * 
rise s 

BL sale to GM a live 
option, says Tebhit 

By Onr Political Correspondent 

Mr Norman Tebbil indicat- 
ed yesterday that an outright 

A ministerial source 
laughed that off as absurd and 

sale of BL to General Motors a Whitehall source called / it 
was still a live option. “pure fiction”. “ >' 

The Conservative Party Another report, that GM 
chairman, who is a member of might ne nffiri-d ? f r; 

foe special Cabinet committee 
considering foe BL privatiza- 
tion plans, agreed in an inter- 

»:us/e of Llz d Roi.r. 
described as premature. Au- 
thoritative sources said that 

view on TV-am that a seU-off no options had yet been ruled 
to foe American company out, including a straight sale to 

could provoke 


GM, and that members of foe 
Cabinet committee were still 

But he added: “I think this uncertain on foe final out- 
can be overcome if we could come. 

show it was foe best course 
and we concluded it was foe 
best course 

One senior source said: “It 
is all extremely fluid.” 

But Mr John Smith, foe 

Meanwhile, Cabinet and Opposition spokesman on 
Whitehall sources denied re- trade and industry, yesterday 
ports that outline decisions accused foe Government of 
had been taken by last putting “heavy pressure" on 
Thursday’s Cabinet commit- BL to back the GM bid at a 

tee meeting. 

One report suggested that 
Mr Nigel Lawson. Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, had led a 
revolt against foe GM bid and 
had swung support behind the 
proposals for a management 
buyout of Land Rover. 

board meeting tomorrow. 

“This is part of the 
Government's obsession to 
sell out as soon as they can to 
General Motors," Mr Smith 
said. “It is quite wrong and I 
hope the BL board will resist 
Continued on page 2. col 3 

- vv ■■j’U 7- • V---^ 







« Businessmen losing 
millions in telex 
swindle, says CBI 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
*• \ ■■ " Thousands of UK business’ and said that thousands of UK than 30 years experience have 
• • men have been swindled into telex users have been tricked been duped and have paid up 
■ W n & for entries in bogus by West German and Swiss after persistent legal threats-” 
"j - Internationa] telex directories, operators into paying for en- Companies have been re- 
uie Confederation of British tries in the bogus directories ceiving what looks like an 
■' Industry disdosed today. and have then received bills, .offer of a free entry in an 

■'* ■ ' Industry disclosed today. and have then received bills, 
*■’ .Gullible British company some for thousands of 
directors have been tricked pounds. 

•* 7 ‘ ■ ojj of £10 million, said the The CBI said; “The swindle 
*■ "-Coli and according to the is known to the fraud squad 
. .. Metropolitan Police fraud who estimate that between 2 
squad this has been happening and 4 per cent of Britian’s 
forat least 10 years. 104,000 telex subscribers have 

The employers' organiza- sent money to the fraudsters, 
lion disclosed the swindle in The police say that even 
the latest issue of CBI News, senior businessmen with more 

international directory and 
are deceived into thinking that 
the offer is merely confirming 
the details of its address for a 
fine entry. 

The next stage in the fraud 
operation, alleged the CBI, 
was an invoice for up to 

Accountants in fraud 
checks ‘premature’ 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Department of Trade and to insolvency; factors that 

Industry officials yesterday 
rapidly backtracked over a 
report that they intend to place 
a legal daty on accountants to 
report cases of fraud. 

. The report that the Govern- 
ment intends to amend the 
Financial Services BiD, now 
going through Parliament, was 
^grossly premature” accord- 
ing to one official. 

But the Government has not 

senior businessmen with more f j ’000 for the ‘ordered’ entry. 

If the bill is not paid, compa* 
# * _ nies are senl solicitors letters 

^ 171 TfOlirl threatening legal action. If 
-LU. JL&tflUU companies still do not pay 
j • they receive further solicitors 

"PlYI £1 Til 1"P ' letters making a substantially 

VliUllIU v reduced offer to settle out of 

Affairs Correspondent court, usually at about one 

third of the original sum. 
to insolvency; factors that Unfortunately, the CBI says, 
could lead to a breakdown of “it is at this stay that most 

internal accounting: any inten- 
tion that an auditor might have 
to resign and whether there is 

companies decide to pay up”. 

The CBI named as ‘The 
main culprit directories”. 

Financial Services Bill, now such a Law might be difficult to 
going through Parliament, was frame because of the difficulty 

^grossly premature” accord- of deciding Band, 
mg to one official. Yesterday, Mr Nigel 

But the Government has not Moore, managing partner of 
ruled out tire possibility of the firm of chartered accoun- 
amending the BQl to impose touts Ernst and Whinney 

a need to qualify a report 1TD. said to be published by 
The Institute of Chartered Telcom-Veriag, and the Euro- 
Accountants is concerned that pean Telex said to be pub- 

such a requirement in a move 
to curb financial crime. 

(London), said: “As auditors 
we are very keen to do what we 

A department official em- can to help stamp out fraud, 
phasized that the Government But we would have to be 
had no wish to disrupt the certain of the extent of our 
“drent-audfror” relationship, responsibilities.” 

.hot was merely seeking to The Government is con- 
eucourage auditors to be more cerned to be seen to be 
forthcoming in reporting bade stamping down on fraud. In its 
in their dealings. criminal justice White Paper 

It is possible that auditors last week it reserved a view of 
would also be asked to report whether to abolish trial by jury 
discrepancies that could lead for complex band. 

lished by Trawo Informations 
AG, both of which, the CBI 
says, are operated by the same 

Mr Norman Rose, deputy 
director of the CBFs legal 
division, said: “Despite the 
genuine and threatening na- 
ture of some solicitors’ letters, 
under no circumstances 
should any money be sent" 

The CBI also warns about a 
Liechtenstein company called 
Telex Public Corporation, 
which has been sending bills 
resembling British Telecom 
telex bills. Hundreds ofBritish 
firms are said to have paid 
those bills although British 
Telecom does not charge a 
basic telex subscriber’s entry. 

Cardinal Sin, Primate of tire Philippines, preaching en tire “the revolution of love” in his 
homeland, at a celebration Mass in Westminster Cathedral yesterday. 

Rates conflict 

on cruise 

Welsh liberals yesterday 
avoided a policy dash with tire 
Social Democrats over cruise 

Their annual conference at 
Uandndno rejected moves to 
for the withdrawal 
of missiles based in Britain. 

The potential embarrass- 
ment to AIBanra harmony was 
contoured in a defence motion 
danse which led to tire most 
heated debate of the confer 

Their SDP partners are In 
favour of keeping cruise, pro- 
vided there fa some form of 
dual-key control for the RAF. 

Delegates supporting cruise 
withdrawal denied they were 
attempting to commit toe Alli- 
ance to a policy of one-sided 
nudear disarmament. 

Propose? tire -motion, Mr 
Peter Blade (Swansea East) 
said toe Affiance had to show 
voters at the next election that 
it was serious about disarma- 
ment and preventing a nudear 

The conference unanimous- 
ly approved me defence mo- 
tion, after voting out the get- 
rid-of-cruise danse. 

Labour clash expected on surcharges 

Teachers to cover Call for 

for colleagues 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

All members o t, the Assis- 
tant Masters and Mistresses 
Association, have been told to 
return to covering for absent 
colleagues as they did before 
(he teachers' pay dispute be- 
gin in February 1985. 

/ The advice has been sent 
as a direct result of the 
authority employers' in- 
sistence at fast week’s talks on 
the pay settlement that teach- 
ers return to the status qno. It 
corrects the union's earlier 
advice that members were not 
contractually required to cov- 
er for a colleague who was off 
sick for more than one day. 

As part of the pay settle- 
ment, the employers made the 
five smaller unions involved 
in the deal agree to return to 
normal duties so that the long- 
term talks under Sir John 
Wood could progress in an 
atmosphere of calm. 

Some local authorities pro- 
vide supply cover after the 
first day of an absence, others 
after the third day, and some 
not until the fifth day. 

The association has made it 
clear that that advice does not 
compromise its position in the 
forthcoming talks under Sir 
John Wood on pay structure 
and conditions of service. 

AMMA approved a paper at 
its executive meeting at the 
weekend on conditions of 
^service which will be present- 
ed to the association's annual 
conference next month, h says 
it is important for teachers to 
negotiate a new contract to 
ensure that they do not contin- 
ue to be exploited. 

“The executive committee 
believes that it is wholly 
unreasonable for local educa- 
tion authorities, government 
and the public to continue to 
rely on teachers to sustain an 
under-resourced education 
service from an unlimited 
personal commitment of time, 
effort and energy”, it said. 

The inquiry into teachers' 
pay and conditions has begun 
under “the three wise men” 
appointed by Acas and will 
lake six months. 

Essay-writing inquiry 

Agencies which write stu- 

■ dent essays for a fee are to be 
investigated by the Depart- 

■ ment of Education and Sri- 

■ ence after a report in The 
Sunday Times on the London 
Essay Service. 

It charges £8 a page for 250 
typewritten words and will 
tackle any subject. The essays 
’ are claimed to be written by a 
i panel of academics, teachers 
• and writers. 

Most prefer to remain anon- 
; ymous. but one of the ghosi- 
: writers is Mr John Sincfair- 

Whiteley. a Canadian econ- 
omics graduate who sold 
essays in Toronto. 

The agency is based above 
an estate agent’s office in 
King’s Cross, London, and 
customers pay in cash. 

About 50 undergraduates 
are already reported to be 
using its services, and London 
University administrators are 
concerned that they are break- 
ing university regulations. 

Paying fellow students to 
write essays is well known at 
Oxford and Cambridge. 

\ Blenriock House / 


Tuesday 13 May at U am 

Tuesday 22 July at 11 am 



By Onr Education 

The smallest teachers' 
anion, the Professional Asso- 
ciation of Teachers, which has 
a no-strike policy, has churned 
a dramatic increase in mem- 
bership over the past 15 

sitfon of the Barn ham negoti- 
ating committee reviewed 


Mr Peter Dawson, general 
secretary, said his member- 
ship bad grown from 28,000 
members at the beginning of 
last year to 42,000. He 
claimed the union should have 
two seats on the Bonham 
committee instead of one. The 
committee's composition was 
examined eight months ago by 
Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 

Mr Dawson said: “In aB 
justice we should have another 
seat. We know we are attract- 
ing members from the Nation- 
al Union of Teachers and our 
growth in Scotland is even 

Mr Dawson attributed the 
48 per cent rise in membership 
to moderate teachers, particu- 
larly in rural primary 
schools, who felt alienated by 
toe strike. 

Mr Dawson said the compo- 
sition of the Burnham commit- 
tee should be reviewed 

The moderate Assistant 
Masters and Mistresses Asso- 
ciation. the third biggest orga- 
nization for teachers, was also 
claiming a growth in member- 
ship. It said numbers had rises 
by 10,000 on the 95,000 
claimed at the end of 1984. 

But Mr Peter Smith, associ- 
ation assistant general secre- 
tary, had not asked for another 
review of the Burnham com- 
mittee, nor did be believe in 
annual reviews. He said: “A 
review which reflected short- 
term and uncertain movement 
might be undemocratic. It is 
better done on a regular basis, 
say, every two or three years.” 

A substantial shake-out in 
teacher onion membership is 
expected as a result of the 1985 
pay dispute, with the militaiits 
beading in the direction of the 
216,000-strong National 
Union of Teachers and the 
moderates congregating with 
AMMA and the PAT. 

The second biggest union, 
the National Association of 
Schoolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers, which has 
117,000 members, is thought to 
be in danger of losing num- 

It was largely responsible 
for settling the 1985 pay 

Mr Neil Kinnock will block 
all left-wing Labour attempts 
to indemnify Liverpool and 
Lambeth councillors who are 
facing surcharges of £200,000. 

A new left-right confronta- 
I tion is expected this week over 
the leadership derision, but 
Mr Kinnock is determined to 
resist demands for Labour to 
go into the next election with a 
commitment to give retro- 
spective compensation to 
rebel councillors. 

An appeal fund, which is 
being proposed by Dr John 
Cunningham, the party’s envi- 
ronment spokesman, will allo- 
cate funds to those councillors 
who are faced with bankrupt- 
cy and it is thought that 
Liverpool's Militants will 
pointedly be given the lowest 
priority in the voluntary bail- 

A meeting of the Labour 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

national executive's local gov- 
ernment committee will dis- 
cuss toe appeal plan this 
morning, and left-wingers are 
expected to dash with the 
leadership on indemnification 
and a refusal to offer finance 
for any further legal action. 

The disagreement will be 
underlined by a dispute over 
fast year’s party conference 
resolution on indemnifica- 
tion, which was passed on a 
show of hands. 

Conference resolutions can 
become enshrined in party 
policy only if they are carried 
on a card vote with a two- 
thirds majority, and it is 
understood that Mr Kinnock 
has made sure that any votes 
at this year’s party conference 
will fail to achieve that major- 

Mr David Blunkett, leader 
of Sheffield council and a 

member of the party exec- 
utive's local government com- 
mittee, said on the BBC 
television programme This 
Week, Next Week programme 
yesterday that last year’s con- 
ference resolution had pledged 
action to lift “the iniquity” of 
surcharge and disqualifica- 

He added, however “You 
can't retrospectively lift dis- 
qualification. You would have 
to deal with toe question of 
whether you compensated 
people who had been made 
bankrupt and I think what 
Neil Kinnock and others have 
been saying over the fast few 
days is that toe real chance 
now is to try and prevent 
people being made bankrupt. 

“There's absolutely no 
point in retrospectively trying 
to lift something that has 
destroyed the livelihoods and 

the well-being of ordinary 
individuals. Our task must be 
to try and prevent that now ” 

Mr Dave Nellist, toe Mili- 
tant-supporting MP for Cov- 
entry South East, said in the 
same programme that the 
Conservative Government 
had introduced retrospective 
legislation for people who had 
lost their jobs because of trade 
union closed shops. 

“Now if it's good enough for 
toe Tories to support and 
defend their class when it 
comes to toe struggle, then 
nothing short of that for the 
Labour leadership is going to 
be good enough for the major- 
ity of the rank-and-file in the 
party,” he said. 

Mr Nellist said that there 
were another 220 Labour 
councillors in danger of sur- 

Lower rates for some Londoners 

BvCnlm H ptim. 

Shifts in government grant 
and the abolition of the Great- 
er London Council at the end 
of this month will mean most 
London householders paying 
lower rates from April 1. 

■ Reduced bills will also arise, 
in some of the high-spending. 
Labour-controlled inner Lon- 
don boroughs, from their deci- 
sion not to fight this year's rate 
capping limits. 

Changes in the calculation 
of government grant an- 
nounced at the end of fast 
year, switched about £160 
million from shire counties to 
the capital. The new system of 
assessing local councils’ needs 
means that the concentration 
of social deprivation in the 
inner city merits more central 
government cash support 

In principle, the transfer of 
the extra grant Much bor- 
oughs receive to run services 
from the GLC, after abolition, 
changes nothing. But in prac- 
tice the boroughs will get 
about £60 million more than 
the GLC would have done, 
had it survived. 

I Detective in 
Shergar case 
is dismissed 

From Richard Ford 

A detective in the Irish 
Republic's police force has 
been dismissed after an inqui- 
ry into the disappearance of a 
ransom payment handed 
over for the missing race 
horse, Shergar. 

Detective Garda Martin 
Kenirons, from Co Clare, was 
dismissed after an internal 
discipline inquiry found that 
he had breached sections of 
the force's 1971 regulations. 

He was dismissed after the 
inquiry into the disappearance 
of Irt 80.000, which went 
missing from the boot of a car 
in Co Clare, in July 1983. The 
money was paid by Mr Stan 
Cosgrave, Shergar’s vet who 
gave it to a local man. who 
then claimed it had been 
stolen from the boot of his car. 

Shergar, the winner of both 
the Epsom Derby and Irish 
Deity in 1981, was stolen 
from the Agha Khan's 
I Ballymany stud in Co Kildare 
I in February 1983. 

Together, the effects are that 
16 of the 20 boroughs which 
have already set a rate, have 
cut their bills. The largest 
reduction is in Kensington 
and Chelsea, which already 
has one of the lowest pence in 
the pound rates in London, 
although its property values 
are high. Rates there are being 
slashed by 30.1 per cent, to 
98.9 pence in the pound, 
which win mean the average 
ho u se h old e r saving £224 on 

Mr Kenneth Baker, who 
promised fairer share-out 

ra tea of £746 last year. 

L Even ‘In Camden, a re- 
nowned high-spender which is 
ratecapped, and received no 
government grant at all be- 
cause it has been so heavily 
penalized, the increase will be 
only 0.2 per cent, to 227.95 
pence in the pound. Brent, 
which is under narrow Con- 
servative control and a prime 
target for Labour in the local 
council elections being held in 
London in May, has opted for 
a zero rate rise, as has toe 
•Conservative-controlled City 
of London. 

The rate-capped councils’ 
derision to abide by toe law 
this year means a huge bonus 
for ratepayers in Hackney 
(l 1-2 per cent cut). Islington 
(18 per cent cut), Haringey 
(9.8 per cent cut), Southwark 
(6.9 per cent cut), and Lam- 
beth (2.9 per cent cut). The 
other two rate-capped coun- 
cils have settled for small 
increases within their limits: 
Greenwich rates will go up by 
0.9 per cent, and Lewisham’s 
by 6.8 per cent. 

The councils’ left wing lead- 

Directors optimistic 
over business outlook 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Company directors are opti- 
mistic about business and 
employment prospects, but 
are dissatisfied with toe 
Government's performance, 
according to the Institute of 
Directors' business opinion 
survey published yesterday. 

The survey also concludes 
that most directors believe 
that toe Chancellor should 
persevere with tax cuts in the 
Budget in spite of toe sharp 
drop in oil prices. 

The survey finds that 74 per 
cent of directors have in- 
creased their volume of busi- 
ness during toe past three 
months. That is the highest 
proportion since the survey, 
published every two months, 
began in October 1983. 

Employment prospects ap- 
pear to have improved consid- 
erably since the fast survey, 
with 50 per cent of directors 
expecting to take on staff in 
toe next six months. 

Sir John Hoskyns, the 
institute's director-general. 

said: “These results give 
grounds for optimism that 
February’s better unemploy- 
ment figures will marie the 
beginning of a better job-, 
creation trend.” 

But 55 per cent of those 
taking part in the survey are 
dissatisfied with the Govern- 
ment. Most, 91 per cent, want 
toe Government to introduce 
further trade union reform. 
• Britain taxes the poor more 
heavily than most other in- 
dustrialized countries, with 
one in five taxpayers on less 
than £5,000 a year, according 
to The Great Tax Divide, a 
report published today by the 
Low Pay Unit. 

The report says that toe 
number caught in toe poverty 
trap has increased five-fold 
since 1979 Low paid taxpay- 
ers had received between them 
only 4 percent of income tax 
cuts awarded by the present 

Kenneth Fleet and htferest 
rate outlook, page 17 

We are accepting pictures for inclusion 
in the Fine Old Master Paintings sale until 
7 April and the Fine Continental Paintings 
sale until 31 May. For further information 
please contact Brian Koetser or Sarah Lidsey, 
ext 325 (Old Masters) and Richard Newbury, 
ext 211 (Continental Painting?). 

7 Blenheim St New Bond St London IVIY 0A5. "let 01-oiO cc 02 

EijtfflnM ttknvm*; iWnjAmrf the Uml,d r\in#hm. 

Mmhm d tur Ai.-rfti rf Fiw Art .«tn.-f»»wrtTS. 

BL sale to GM still a live option, Tebbit says 

Continued from page 1 
this attempt to steamroller 
them into doing the 
Government's bidding.” 

Mr Tebbit also accused Mr 
Edward Heath, the former 
Prime Minister, of making 
“wildly inaccurate” state- 
men is on the Westland and 
BL talks, and he added: “It’s a 
fairly simple, basic rule of 
politics that you should play 
for your own team and not the 

Mr Michael Kilby, toe Con- 
servative MEP for Notting- 

ham and a former GM 
employee, said on the BBC 
radio World this Weekend 
yesterday that be had misgiv- 
ings about the GM bid for BL 
because under their global 
strategy Britain bad been put 
on the “backburner" for the 
past decade 

He said: “Just beware 
CM’S track record over the 
last 1 0 years has not been verv 
good in Britain.” 

\ spokesman for Lonrho 
one of the contenders, said on 
the same programme that toe 

information supplied to his 
company by Bl had been 
“ludicrously inadequate 

Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader, said that the sale 
arrangements had been totally 

“To deal with only one 
com pan v in private over 
many months and then, with- 
out issuing any kind of pro- 
spectus and without opening 
up ail the books to other 
people invite other bids for 

parts of an enterprise it just 
seems a complete mess ” 

• Delegates at toe General 
Motors world conference in 
Liverpool at toe weekend 
passed an emergency motion 
opposing the selling off of 
Lev land Truck, for which GM 
is a possible buyer (toe Press 
Association reports) 

rbe conference threatened 
acuon bv GM workers at 
plants throughout the world in 
protest at toe company's poli- 
cies in Thud World countries 

ers say they have only iryBtr 
aged to -achieve- toe Govern- 
ment's limits by rescheduling 
debts, creative accounting, 
raiding reserves, and borrow- 
ing so heavily that then- 
finances will suffer severely in 
toe early 1990s. Their anxi- 
.eties, however, may be party 
relieved by the announcement 
fast week by Mr Kenneth 
Baker, the Secretary of State 
for toe Environment, that 
most London boroughs will 
benefit from a share-out of toe 
cash forfeited by overspenders 
in other parts of toe country. 

The second largest cut so far 
agreed is I6.S per cent, in 
Hammersmith and Fulham, 
where the ruling Conserva- 
tives, who are narrowly keep- 
ing - control with Alliance 
support, fear that the May 
elections could easily bring 
Labour bade into power. 

The other boroughs cutting 
rates are mostly Conservative: 
Bexley by 1 .8 percent, Harrow 
by 22 per cent. Havering by 1 
per cent, Kingston by 3.9 per 
ceoL. Merton by 5.1 per cent, 
Redbridge by 6 per cent, and 
Richmond by 1.6 per cent. 

Pressure on 
to change 
the rape law 

Continued from page 1 
are from the area between the 
town and west London. 

“The symbol of the web was 
not one of horror bet of 
drawing and holding people 
together”, Mr Arnisou said. 

More than 780 calls have 
been monitored at the inridest 
centre in Hanwell where the 
police are basing their search 
for the three men. 

A senior officer said about 
400 pieces of information 
about toe identity, where- 
abouts and criminal associa- 
tions of the gang were mm 
being investigated 
The brutal attack on Thurs- 
day has led to increasing 
pressure at toe Home Office to 
scrap the law protecting rape 
defendants from bring nam ed. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary fa believed to 
want to Incorporate such a 
change in toe crfatnaal Justice 
Bill planned for the next 
session of ParfiameuL 

The ban on identifyiag rape 

defendants, under toe Senal 
Offences (Amendment) Act, 
1976, has provoked strong 
criticism from the police and 
MPs who daim it can hinder 
the hunt for rapists 
Abolition would have to be 
cleared with Lord Haflsham of 
St Maryfebone, the Lord 

Hie vicar, aged 53, and toe 
woman's boyfriend, aged 25, 
are recovering in hospital from 
severe bead injuries. 

Chief Supt David Lamper 
said last night: “Continued 
attempts to obtain pktnrey' 
and farther detalfe of tta rapes 
victim is cansing distress to a > 
woman who has been through 
a horrendous ordeaL ' 

I Tax union , 
votes for 

The tax men became toe 
first Civil Service union to 
vote for toe establishment ofa 
political fond under toe 
Government’s trade union 

Inland Revenue Staffs Fed- 
eration members were a re- 
sounding 8!.8per cent, or 
39.776 to 8,862 in favour of a 

In an unusually high poll, 

87.4 per cent of toe union’s 
55,000 membership took part, 
in spite of government at- 
tempts to persuade Civil Ser- 
vants that it was unnecessary 
for them to have a political 

The result, announced yes- 
terday, is another blow for the 
Government, which believed 
originally that toe . require- 
ment to hold a ballot on 
political firnds could affect 
Labour Party revenue. ,. 

Since the Act came into 
force, however, 34 unions 
have decided to retain their 
political fond and two, includ- 
ing the federation, have voted 
to create one. None has voted 
again st- 

Trade Union officials were 
jubilant at the result. 

The IRSF said that toe 
Government gave Civil Ser- 
vants only limited time to 
vote after being threatened 
with legal action. 

The Government’s attitude 
was that political foods were 
unnecessary for Civil Servant 
because they threatened their 

Visit sought 
from Moscow 

An attempt to persuade Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the So- 
viet Union’s Foreign Minister, 
to fix a date for a visit to 
Britain will be made this week 
when Sir Brian Cartledge. the 
British Ambassador to Mos- 
cow, hands over the Prime 
Ministers response to Soviet 
disarmament proposals (Our 
Political Correspondent 

The visit is seen as part of 
the process of setting up a pre- 
election visit to Moscow by 
Mrs Thatcher. 

Girl victim’s 
route retraced 4 

Miss Pat Ellis, aged 22, 
yesterday retraced toe fast 
steps of Karen Poo ley, aged 
18, a shorthand typist, who 
was fast seen walking home to 
her flat after Fnight out at the 
Imperial r Hotel, COlwyn Bay, 

North Wales. She was later 
strangled in a sexual attack. 

Miss Ellis who, like the 
victim; is only 4ft 10 ins tall, 
was wearing a blonde wig and 
clothes similar to those worn 
by the murdered girt. 

Lichfield sued 
for £105,000 , 

Lord Lichfield, the photog- 
rapher. is being sued for ? 
£105.000 in a High Court \ 
claim over the relaunching of s 
a Chelsea restaurant. Pier 31. 

Mr William Hemy Smith 
has issued a writ over an 
agreement made in June 1984 
between himself, a company 
known as Pier 31 Ltd, Lord 
Lichfield and Mr Edward 
Hong Lira, of Exhibition L 
Road, Chelsea. ’C 

Newborn baby \ 
eaten by dog | 

The dismembered body ofa l 
newborn baby which was pan- i 
fy eaten by a dog or fox has , 
been discovered. . - * gj . 

The upper torso of the c» § 
was found in the back gan9 B 
ofa house in Rayleigh, Essl § 
on Saturday night 1 a 

Police traced the babyt | 
mother yesterday and hav* i 
questioned her, but will noil 
release any further details. \ p 

Add attack j; 3 

Paint stripper has been X 
thrown over “Chair”, by Allen I 
Jones, a glass fibre sculpture of jf g| 
a woman dressed in leather, a § 
reclining beneath a chair. 3 » 

which is worth about £50,000. J 1 
and is in the Forty Years of * 8 
Modern Art exhibition at the & Si 
Tate Gallery, London. L- if 

Sea defences 1 

A campaign to persuade the 
Government to provide £100 v, 
million to replace nearly two- & 
thirds of the sea defences from i- 
tbe Humber to toe Thames !* : 
has been launched by the --/I 
Anglian Water authority. < 

Buying The Tlawt airniii 

S -15 7? 

CvnruR 7n rnw re -rLv 

BepuDtjcaqp rtab i sroct unES! 1 


80S No 

f o Times 
P O Box 484 ' 
\Uqmia ‘site* 
l On DON 

{jpPJ Jl l±Sd> 

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J . f • . . ■* 

« • v* 

'•N • -II 

circuit judge claims 

Some .Lord Chanceflore 
lavejnisuscd-thfiir power and 

the** have been instances of 
political nepotism, Judge 
Pickles said in an attack onfoe 
system for appointing and 
. oisniisMg judges. . - 

Judge Pickles, who recently 
launched a personal rampa;^ 
for the right of judges to 
out in the media, 'said that die 
present Lord Chancellor, Lord 
Haflsham of St Maivtebone, 
had advisers of ability and 
integrity, and had those quali- 
ties himseU, 

but that others had appoint- 
ed “their pals”. 

Speaking to solicitors at the 
conference of the British Legal 
Association in Cheltenham at 
the weekend, he criticized 
what he said was the Lord 
Chancellors final say on ap- 
pointments awl dismissals of 
judges, QCs, recorders, magis- 
trates and chairmen of tribu- 

u He need not give reasems; 
there is ho appeaL This cannot 
be right.” 

The judge, who lias come 
dose to dismissal over press 
articles; called for a board or 
committee to decide whether 
a circuit judge should be 
dismisseriL He also a 
plea for more judges to be 
drawn from all ranks of soci- 

We judges are looked oh 
by many oF our customers in 
. an “us and them” way. They 
.think- we'. 'are upper ! middle ' 
class with privileged back- 
grounds. They are right for the 
most pan." . . 

Judge Pickles also said ihere 
was. a strong case for a 
Freedom of Information Act 
as in the United Stases of 
America. “In Great Britain we 
are grand on public ceremony, 
but the decisions which affect 
ordinary people’s Eves are 
often made behind dosed 
doors. The searching light of 
publicity is tbebesi guarantee 
against corruption.” 

He also called for a relax- 
ation in the laws oflibeL In the 
United States; he said, it was 
hand for people in public life 
to muzzle the media by bring- 
ing or Threatening libel action. 

-Speaking, on the theme 
“Power Corrupts”, he added 
that one bulwark against the 
misuse of power was a strong 
and independent legal profes- 

The judge was making the 
latest of several public pro- 
nouncements in recent weeks 
which started with an article 
in a national newspaper ex- 
plaining why he believed it 
was important for judges to be 
able to contribute to debate on 
matters of public interest. 

It also gave “chapter and | 
verse" of his correspondence.! 
with the Lord Chancellor who ! 
had- taken him to task for ! 
writing in the press last year j 
and showed, that he had come 
dose to fli«riiiissaT- j 

Judges are not allowed to 
take part in public debate 
under the 'so-called Kilmuir 
rules and Judge Pickles be- 
lieves it is time that these were 
reformed. ; 

Judge Pickles called for 
“imagination and 
reasonableness” from magis- 
trates, judges, the police and 
public officials when dealing 
with people, particularly those 
who. were anti-authority. 
There were now those who 
openly defied judges and the 
law itself he satd- 

“Such people, trade union- 
ists orCND supporters, good- 
hearted people m every other 
respect, defied the law and it 
was important forjudges to try 
to understand their points of 
view” and “convince them 
that we have acted 

There was a time to be 
topgh, he added, but by 
“adopting a tough line from 
the start a judge can make of a 
customer an enemy of the law 
and of authority in general”. 


Professor Naismith is paid 

Naismiih, professor of nutri- consultant to the Snack, Nut 
tion and food sciences at and Crisp Manufacturers’ As- 
King’s College, London, rep- soriation (SNACMAX an or- 
resents potato crisps as a ganization formed in 1983 
nutritious part of a balanced which indudes all the leading 
diet crisp manufacturers, and his 

“Manufacturers in America- “12 months exhaustive study” 
have been successfully prose- ofjwtetooisps was funded by 

Smokers who want tojpve up His reported finding s in- 
shonW eat more fresh fruit and dude ST suggestion^ that 
vegetables, ft has been sag- crisps contain more fibre than 


Research m the United 
States has shews thatdaing so 
immediately after smoking a 
1 rigar»t«» radices the rate at 
, , -which the ^ ai flfctive nicotine 
- leaves the body, and so ex- 

wholemeal bread and six 
times as much vitamin C as an 
apple. Mr Cannon and Dr 
'Brown say the comparisons 
- are misleading because both 
the bread (30 percent)and the 
„ agple {85 per cent), contain 

tends the - zpk ^^ mandi higher proportions of 
smoker craves tee next. The wales- than crisps {2 per cent). 

- Ftesh Fritit and Vegetable 
Information Bo«» sod that 
this was hecawe tdl findt, even 
oranges and gnpebtejauLte 
•- alkaline effect A high add 
; levd. expefled the nicotine 

and apples are, m any case, a 

poor source of vitamm G.-. 

Crisps, Professor Naismith 
says, have less salt than Corn- 
flakes. A standard pack of 
crisps, he claims , would give 

quickly, leaving the seed for teenage child about one 
another “fix”. twentieth of his energy needs. 

culed for using misleading Crisp manufacturers intend 
comparisons, and if some of to launch a campaign to 
the claims Professor Naismith promote whalthw rah 
• is repotted to have made were “healthysnackmg”. With Pro- 
. reproduced in paid advertis- fessor Naismith s endorse- 

- iug they would be liable to ment they intend to promote 

- prosecution here, too, , under potato ensps assart ideal 
the Food and Drugs Act” Mr snack with a part to play m a 
Geoffrey Cannon, co-aothor balanced diet”. 

of toebook The Food Scandal, . Mr Cannon and Dr Brown 

- agree with Professor Naismith 

Dr John Brown, the nutri- that crisps are for healthier 
: tionist of the Health Educa- than chocolate COTfectionery, 
Lion Council said that some of but say that i^ed or jacket 
_ the claims Professor Naismith p otato would be healthier sou. 

French may join fight 
. over business hotels 

By Derek Harris 
- Industrial Editor • 
Fierce rivalry to attract 
• business traveflers4o low-cost 
hotels is likely to begin in the 
summer as the Granada 
Group enters a market domi- 
nated by Trusthouse Forte. 
But there are signs of furt her 
competition from French ho- 
tel companies. 

The aim is provide accom- 
modation for. about half the 
costs ' charged by a typical 
; chain hotel, d e al in g mainly 
with businessmen. . 

Granada is planning a chain 

of Granada Lodges, with 20 to 
30 hotels being set up feuiy 
quickly to achieve national 
impact- The first two, opening 
this summer, will together cost 
around £2 mill ion. 

Trusthouse Forte, Britain’s 
biggest bold company, has 
opened two Little CbefLodges 
and plans about 100. ■ 

But there is peculation that 
‘French speciabsts in this de- 
veloping market are poised to 
expand in Britain. 

, Com panies- linked with 
Accor, the big French hotd 
operator, already have a foot- 
hold. Ibis has a hold at 
Heathrow Airport, costing £5 
below the going two-star rate, 
and is opening another near 
Eoston railway station in July 
next year. 

The low-cost hotels are 
aimed at businessmen making 
overnight stays who do not 
want to pay for facilities such 
as saunas or swimming pools. 

f fraUii- owj and Gatwick overstretched 

Battle over Stansted move 

. « ’ «■ Tiliinp 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

A fresh storm is brewing 
ever JLondao’s airports, with 
government moves expected to 
fen* : :mrfme& way.,* 0 ® 
Heathrow and Gatwick to 
SfwstecL , , 

They wiB he resisted by 
airlines, which aigne that an 
enforced move would damage 
profitability and impose extra 
cost g «yl innmvenksce on 

terminal four, opening next teminal is also hegirating to 
north. wffl raise passenger saff erpeak omnowdiu^M 
_-****v tn w million, bat will after Stansted^ formal desig- 

SmStywi the two heavily third airport, Kwbufldmgs 
«Sranwavs. are under way to raise passen- 

Gatwick. although theoreti- ger capacity from tee iwesrat 

S^fr^SHeaterow 500,080 to 15 miifion m the 

with about 13 million passen- 1990s. ■ 

am a vear. is berinmng to The difficulty is that air- 
fmiH j fHhr strains fines with established services 
J^radSte-affoandtendiiigs aid facilities are reluctant to 

TteSwmmflrt fe 
to he moved, howev^hecaare 
Heathrow, and C*jWic*J}« 

overcrowded, while Sifwied 

£ i- 

similar sitnatitn in th e IvW s 

and early 1970s when mrtees 
had to be drags** 
Heathrow to a Gats« 
hare now teamed to 
Heathrow, wRh nearly » 
nriflkm Bissengps a ye«. 
practiraHy reached Us 
and flights are **"%&**" 
strkted at the peak. The *** 

The new terminal will raise being for out and m the wrong 

capacity. jest schedoled oser of 
TSrn’s forth airport at Gatwidt, argues ttatrfanjone 
expected to grow is forad to more it should be 
from its present three tee boBday airlines. ___ ^ 
maiion passengers a year, tat In -its ^ht with British 
physical constraints will hs-iit Airways, B-Cai wants to bmW 
? £ ultimate total to about five ™ Gatwick as a second to® 

raOUon. ■ ■ and sp«*e” systanforton^n 

That leaves Stansted, whose irffte kind now so fashUHiaWe 
h«Ee angle railway Is heavily with scheduled airlines in the 
BiSermsed. Its tiny passenger United States. 

Women gain 28% 
increases in 
equal pay battle 

■MW -j . W ' V r : ^rS-':'Mm 


Crisp claims silly, Threat to 
say health experts ?“*** 

By Robin Yomig UUII1C» 

Nutritionists are furious advanced for potato crisps ini 1 iw hom^overi^ nS! 
that a report to be published were “ludicrously silly”. vea rs h ^NationaI He^th 

today by Professor Don Professor Naismith is paid 

Naismiih, professor of nutri- consultant to tee Snack, Not “JJ® D u^Sl^Sv ^s. 
tion and food sciences at and Crisp Manufacturers’ As- 
King's College, London, rep- sedation (SNA^JA). an ra- 

resents potato crisps ^ as a wnnOiw ; fanned m 1983 iSjAsLriation teat tee NHS 
nutritious part of a balanced tetadi lAtai ^tbe Jmfm could not develop services 
Jiet crisp manufateners. and his _ nri an j n,™ -jses 

“ Manufa cturers in America- “12 months exhaustive study” withi ^ the^ds Drovidcd. 
tiave been successfully prose- of potato crisps was funded by ™m tee tunds prodded. 

■ ■■ ■ SNACMA.- - The report, m Shelters 

itoSdSSwS His^ sported 1 y-gs 

d v de Jit su 88«teon ^ be raised for the NHS from the 
^mbles, it has been sag- ensps contain more fibre than ^ ^ narecs . homes, flats 

wSl™* ™ Hw, Thu « h 9 temeal brrod and six M(1 houses . But nureing ^ld 

times asrau^ vrtamm Cas an ancillary staff who had to 
apple. Mr Cannon and Dr move 0 y ut would have great 
Brown say tee comparisons ahernative 

ng a refte -red ares tec rete at misleading because bote acm muwtaTi nh- 1,5 *■ - 
whids tee Retire nicotine ihebrSd(30^rcem)andtee n 

leaves tee hpdy» and so ex- annle (85 norient), contain . .auteonties had to 

ends tee togh^proportions of “P property::<^osai 

moker craves tee next The water thSaisps^per cent), p kms after a RajTier ! scrutmy 
rtesh Fritit and Vegetable and apples mpjin any case, a o n ‘ acco mmodation and, a 
ufonnation Baaea: said teat poor source of vitamm G -. Departoient of. _ Hralte and 
his was hecanetdl fruit, even Crisps, : Professor Naismiih Social ^Securi^orciilar issued 
nrauees and gwefrmt^adan say^^Se kss salt than Corn- kst J tey - Th e plans are 
tlFmfee effect A high arid flnhp* a standard pack of awaiting approval by tee d&- 
evel expefled tee mrottee crisps, he claims. wonW give ^ 0811 ** 

luickly, leaving tee need for the teenage child about one pal mI ° ettecL 
lootber “fix”. twentieth of his energy needs. The report says that some 

■■■■■ ■ * ^ ''■> iLllL . .u, lf Inirnrt aulhorities have already start- 

led for using misleading Crisp manufectmws mtend ^ gyicung staff and selling 
omparisons, and if some ot to launch a campaign to 0 ™,^^ 

Only docto^ and i^ner 

^produced in paid advertis- fessor Naismite’s endorse- “™ses wdl be housed m 
nc they wouldbe liable to ment they intend to promote future, but some amhonties 
ISseSto here, too, under potato crisps as “an ideal were mtCTpretmg teat smctly 
he Food and Drugs Act” Mr m Ntha ^part to play m a ^ 

jebfirev Cannon, co-auteor balanced diet . ine Mieci on stan wiu oe 

. Mr Cannon and Dr Brown dramatic ' the report says. 
”r ~ agree with Professor Naismite “Nurses will leave the profes- 

S-John Brown, tee nutri- that msps are^ ^fortealteier mii|d recruitment will be 
ionist of the Health Educa- than diocolate COTfectionery, difficult 
ion Council said teat some of but say that imshwl or jacket The cash crisis warning by 
he claims Professor^ Naismith potato would be healthier stm. ^ British Medical Assoria- 
— “ tion, the Royal College of 

French may join fight «« 

over busmess hotels I emphasizes that in spite 

By Derek Harris Trusthouse For te Britain’s 

Industrial Editor tnggtti treated in tee NHS there has 

Fierce rivalry to attract opened two Liftie tmet Loages no dramatic improve- 

tusiness traveflers4o low-cost arid plans about 100 . - meats in the waiting lists and 

lolels is likely to begin intee gut there is roeculationthat the figures “may simply mean 
umraer as the Granite ‘pjench speciabsts in this de- that a revolving door policy 
Jroup enters a maricei tenm- ^doping market are^ ^poised to has been arfoErted with the 
iaied by Trusthouse Forte, expand in Britain. same patients being readmit- 

kit there are signs of furt her Companies linked with ted for further treatmenL’ 

ompetition from French bo- ^ccor. the big French hotel Cuts in services may be 
e J? Mn R a te? s ' " operator, already have a foot- passed off as real economies, 

hold - teis has a hotel at Se^morandnm said, 
nodatign for abwit haittM Healhrow Airport, costing £5 Meanwhile, tee National 
»sts charged by a typical ^w fo. gpjng twewtar rate, Association of Health Au- 
:hain hotel, d e a lin g mamiy ^Dd is opening another near thorities announced plans to 
nth businessmen. Easton railway station in July devdop a new strategy to 

r Granatensjgrani^a«mn counter violent attacks on 

|fGraMdaL^ 2 .wte^to ^ Jow<ost ^ nurses . It will ask health 

aimed at businessmen making authorities to provide details 
luickly to SJSJJine overnight stays who do not of incidents and will make 

mpacL The topay for facilities such recommendations for trouble- 

hissum^wifltogetbercost ™ l ,^ swimmiAg pools, spots. 

' Vf ' ; r * 


' ’ I’ *. . 1 ' W. 

Jimmy McCarthy, a National Theatre dresser, displaying an Ann Boteyn dress which was 
one of more than 1,000 costumes from productions dating back to the mid-sixties auctioned 
at the Lyttelton Theatre yesterday (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Plan for ‘super’ music academy 

Education Correspondent 

A plan to turn tee Royal 
Academy of Music into a 
“super academy” to produce 
fewer, but belter musicians, is 
being considered by Sir Keith 
Joseph, Secretary of State for 
Education and Science. 

The other music colleges are 
protesting strongly at the im- 
plicit threatto relegate them to 
second status, and have "told 

Sir Keith that a single centre of 
excellence would be bad for 
British music. A decision is 
expected within weeks. 

The Royal Academy pro- 
poses to reduce its student 
numbers from 625 to 480, and 
to set aside 150 places for 
gifted soloists who. it main- 
tains, are forced to leave 
Britain to seek the intensive 
training they need abroad. 

Last week die academy 
launched an appeal for private 

funding for the scheme, de- 
scribed as “the Pursuit of 
Excellence,” in which it asked 
for £4.5 million. There is some 
dispute in music education 
circles about whether Britain 
is falling behind other coun- 
tries and the reasons for this. 

-Sir David Lumsden, the 
academy's principal says that 
British trusts spend thousands 
of pounds each year on schol- 
arships to fund students to go , 

Rises of up to 28 per cent, 
some as high as £30 and £40 a 
week, have been won by 
unions for women members 
by using changes in the equal 
pay legislation. 

Breakthroughs are reported 
by the TUC in a document, 
published today, teat will be 
discussed at the TUC 
women's conference in Leices- 
ter later this week. 

it is expected that the 
successes will encourage thou- 
sands more women to fight for 
a better deal. 

Hundreds of claims will go 
before industrial tribunals in 
the coming months, while, as 
in the past, unions hope that 
the threat of such action will 
be enough to make some 
employers concede an equal 
pay case. 

Among successes reported 
are a 28 per cent increase for 
draughtswomen and £17 a 
week more for two industrial 
nurses who claimed equal 
value with labourers, packere 
and lorry drivers. 

Cases pending could bring 
£30 a week more for women 
laboratory technicians and 
£20 for women packers. 

The report shows that the 
Association of Professional, 
Executive, Oerical and Com- 
puter Staff has 24 equal-value 
claims before tribunals, with 

Personal aid 
for mentally 

A new law comes into force 
today which ensures that if a 
person becomes mentally ill or 
confused, his affairs will be in 
the hands of someone he has 
chosen himself. 

The Enduring Powers of 
Attorney Act, 1985, is intend- 
ed to provide peace of mind 
for those, particularly the 
elderly, who fear that if they 
become mentally unwell or 
confused, outsiders will take 
control of their lives. 

Under tee Act, an individ- 
ual can appoint someone to 
act for him if he becomes 
mentally incapable. 

All that is needed to estab- 
lish an enduring power of 
attorney is for the people 
involved to complete a stan- 
dard form, available from the 
Court of Protection, which 
until now had to intervene in 
almost every case. 

another 114 covering nine 
companies being prepared. 
Miss Ada Maddocks, chair- 
woman of the TUC women’s 
advisory committee, said: 
“The TUC is delighted at 
these gains for women. 
Unions are recognizing what j 
can be achieved for women! 
with careful and expert use of; 
tee legislation." 

• Company directors’ sala- 
ries rose by an average of 10 
per cent in the six months to 
February, compared with the 
10.5 per cent average for tee 
previous six months (our In- 
dustrial Editor writes). 

That emerged from tee 
latest Charterhouse study of 
senior management salaries , ; 
published today. It showed - 
that a quarter of directors won 
increases of 12 per cent or 
less, with another quarter 
gening 12.3 per cent or more. 

If bonus as well as salary is 
taken into account the earn- 
ings of the typical chairman or 
chief executive was up by 
about 11.1 per cent, showing 
no change from last October’s 

Out Of more than 1,000 
companies studied. 61 per 
cent had executive share op- 
tion schemes. 

• Top Management Remunera- 
tion L : K (Monks Publications. 
Debden Green. Saffron Walden, 
CBN 3LX: £ 1 25/ 

‘tells off 
little sister 

A young prostitute has rep- 
rimanded her eight-year^ild 
stepsister for telling police of 
their involvement in prostitu- 

Police were told yesterday 
by tee child's mother that the 
16-year-old prostitute had 
telephoned the girl at the 
Wolverhampton home where 
she has been placed in care. 

The mother said: “When 1 
talked to my daughter yester- 
day she told me her stepsister 
had telephoned and told her 
off for telling the police all 
about it.” The girl aged eight 
was put in temporary care on 
Friday after Wolverhampton 
Juvenile Court was told she 
had been seen getting into 
men’s cars with prostitutes. 

The lather said his 16-year- 
old daughter from his first 
marriage had appeared before 
local magistrates for a number 
of offences of soliciting. 



Are you busy building up a 
business ... or working in a job 
with no company pension? 

If so, you'll know it's tough 
finding time for other long term 
plans— let alone thinking about 
a pension. 

But just a few seconds of your 
time now could make all the 
difference when you retire. As a 
business person youll know that 
time costs money — but have you 
ever thought just how much 7 

The Illustrations show why it 
makes good sense to plan your 
pension NOW At 36 years old, 

MrS could starttobuildupahefty 
pension fund for his retirement, but 
it could still be £60,824 less than 

if he'd started at 34— an astonish- 

mg difference! As you can see, Mrs aq 
the longer you delay, the smaller 
your rewards at retirement Protecte 

: Tbprovi 



Personal Pensions are outstanding 
investments because of the considerable 
tax concessions you get You receive 
maximum relief on your contributions- 


W * ' >•+• J-i 

§4 " 

I* W- 


. >V f Y ,| 

Mr S aqed 3-1 R*tmr*:i6fi 
Prerourn £50 gross p«- month ionlv :35 
dfwr tax -si 30^1 r 
Protected Pension Fund £280,596 
Tbprwnded FuJl Rsnson £45,158 
or Lump Sum £91,356 

plus Reduced Pension £27,069 pu. 

Mr S ag*c: ot Rturng to 

Pr-;~n;.T. i fo gross per month i-:dv t35 

diier lax n?l:cl at 3 0^.| ' 

Projected FensK-r: Fund £219,772 
To provide a Full Fension £35,366 p^a. 
or Lump jam £71, 547 

biu* Rrducea Fension £21,200 p.a. 

contributions This is possible, _ 
right up to the maximum 17:2% 
of your earnings* 

If, however, there comes a 
time when money is tight, the 
Personal Pension Plan allows you ' 
to reduce your contributions— 
and, if things are critical, stop 
them altogether Provided you 
start paying again within two 
years the fund will accept your 
contributions as before 

The younger you start con- 
tributing, the greater the reward 
However; at any age younger than 
65 (and sbU working) you can • 
join the scheme At the outset you 
select a retirement age between' : 
60 and 70, but even that is flexible ; 
when you come to retire 

For a Personal Illustration of ' 
the lump sum and pension that 
you can afford and which will suit 
your future needs, lust complete 
and post the coupon It won't 
even cost you a stamp 

Naturally, your pension cheque is 
subject to income tax, but if you decide 
you want a lump sum on retirement it is 
paid entirely tax-free (About one-third 

I Send now for 

al the highest rate you pay on your of your benefits can be taken in this way) I obligation 

earnings Furthermore, should you die before j fflnsbatiim 

foaddibon.yourcontnbutionsgointo retirement all your contributions would I 

a special Sun Alliance Fund which is free 
of most UK taxes, which means your 
investment can grow much faster 

Ms K reuse successtii aonqu* 
byyr.«s Aged 30 warns to *W2r“ 
ei 60 Will pc? ease • t 0 a raonrr 
lAsuaoBwfionlsrevJf ancnir 
db sne pavs lex a\ ito? raw c: ■5C- ‘ 

FuUFecson £30,358 p^. 


LmspVus! £65.353 


Rficurec Pfcris'cr £20, 169 p.a 

Mr i Eimaar arj« -ic Aensvo 1 
retre * o‘ -i e :sr edorc :• 
ii e * •.rrci.^e month TsniHOdKoa 
he morose* -±er !c:< road r ->'"*• 
n wid 'C'S guv : mora 

FuS^srsior £20,107 pj 

be refunded free of income tax and 
Capital gains tax I a ' Person* 

So you can see that if you do not I ^ff ,r ?J on f 5J 
have a pension its a sad waste of a golden j JJJ, 

opportunity Wiih the Sun Alliance F&sonal j receive « you 

Pension Plan you could be enjoying the j 
fruits of your work long after it is over ' 

Without your pension plan, the income j s^naor Pier 

tax you pav when you re working is lost j “JTJJSp 
and gone forever j ' *oupoi n. 


Your mccmie may varv Hope 
you will want to lnrrease 

Yes please, 

I would like to see what 
pension benefits you can 
illustrate for me. 

I understand ihdi no cfjunnon and no cost e 
in vciued in mv 

j usi iT?npieit“ 
aid pceT 

I 'Krdeo I 1 



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Pupils of Bdaies restoring the barm (left to right) Simon Scott, Sophie Hartman, Oliria Lacey and Luke Poore. 

Wendy, Savage inquiry 

A victim of conspiracy, 
counsel says at finis h 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

' Mrs Wendy Savage’s prac- than five cases would be expressions of regret and a 
upe of obstetrics was not needed to judge incompe- clear belief that she would not 

uee of obstetrics was not 
eccentric or bizarre, but “right 
in the middle of mainstream 
obstetric opinion as it is in 
1986“, the inquiry into allega- 
tions of professional incompe- 
tence against her was told on 
Saturday, the final day of the 
five-week hearing. 

She was the victim of a 
conspiracy, Mr John Hendy. 
her counsel alleged, and for 
Mrs Savage to be branded a 
bar and an incompetent was 

•’ Only one of the five cases 
about which she was charged 
was worthy of consideration 
by the inquiry. Mr Hendy 

Professor John Dennis, Pro- 
fessor of Obstetrics at South- 
ampton University, who was 
called in by the health author- 
ity lo give expert opinion on 

needed to judge incompe- 

Professor Dennis had told 
the inquiry that he wou Id have 
reinstated Mrs Savage subject 
to agreed policies and a reduc- 
tion in her workload, Mr 
Hendy said. 

Yet. Mr Hendy said, the 
authority had persisted in 
pursuing fruitless allegations 

dear belief that she would not 
do it in the same way in the fu- 
ture that you cannot say of her 
that she was incompetent". 

Incompetence was a 
“mountainous charge", Mr 
Hendy said. If she was found 
guilty it meant “her profes- 
sional death. She will be 
finished in obstetrics. 

For it to be proved, her 

against Mrs Savage and “con- management had to be outside 
juring up new charges" during the broad bmits of acceptable 
the cou^e of the hearine. practice, had to be a failing of 

The authority had alleged suc h magnitude to _ demon- 
her handling of one case led to strain a lack of capacity to do 

a baby's head being fractured, 
but had finally accepted only 

the job, and had to be part of a 
continuing pattern of such 

two days from the end of the failings. 

inquiry that there never had That could not be done on 

been any fractures. 

Mrs Savage had admitted 

the basis of the five cases that 
had to be set against 26 years 

ifye cases, had said that four of case “worthy of 
die five cases could have consideration" her response 
occurred to most obstetricians has been “so marked by an 
and information about more acknowledgement of error and 

that her handling of some of of an unblemished clinical 
the cases fell short of ideal career as an obstetrician, be 
management and in the one -said, 
case “worthy of Mr Hendy (ailed to have the 

inquiry declare oyer the week- 
end whether Mrs Savage’s 
suspension should continue. 

Vandals to New towns’ guide 
help repair f or inner cities 

Udllld^C By Christopher War-man, Property Correspondent 

1 By Onr Home Affairs 

Offenders are working as 
part of a home security service 
set up by Merseyside Proba- 
tion Service. Victims of crime 
whose homes have been bro- 
ken into or vandalized can 
seek their help with that of a 

The home security service, 
with the co-operation of two 
victim support co-ordinators, 
also employed by the proba- 
tion service, provides an 
emergency repair service for 
elderly, single-parent or disad- 
vantaged victims. 

The service has a small 
workforce of offenders on 
probation, referred by their 
supervising officers and select- 
ed for their suitability. 

When the victims are ini- 
tially visited to see about the 
repair work, they are asked 
whether they would be willing 
to have an offender working 
there. If permission is not 
given, the work is done by the 
carpenter on his own. 

Most victims give permis- 
sion and are left feeling more 
secure when the work is 

1 The idea behind reparation 
is 'that people who have done 
bad can do good. One 17-year- 
dkl who committed vandal- 
•isrti against a Merseyside 
qhurch worked in its grounds 
and planted spring bulbs. 

A central urban develop- 
ment corporation responsible 
for co-ordinating action to 
regenerate inner cities is rec- 
ommended in a report to the 
Government by the chairmen 
of the new towns. 

It would be set up on the 
lines of the development cor- 
porations for the new towns 
and for London’s docklands 
and Merseyside which have 
proved successful. 

The report, prepared by 
Telford Development Corpo- 
ration. is being siudied by 
ministers at the Department 
of the Environment. 

It claims that in spite of the 
urban programme, the main 
plank of official regeneration 
policy, there is continuing 
decline. It is one of multiple 
deprivation: economic, physi- 
cal and social. The report calls 

for a package spanning all 
aspects to tackle it 
The chairmen say there 
have been reservations ex- 
pressed about the wide use of 

urban development corpora- SSSKtSLYES 
lions because they constitute 

an extreme resimnse nver- f 3 * 

lions because they constitute 
on extreme response over- 
riding normal local authority 
powers. They answer that 
charge by saying that the 
situation in many inner cities 
is indeed extreme. 

Putting forward the case for 
a central urban development 
corporation, they say it would 
initially be involved in identi- 
fying suitable locations. 

It would then negotiate with 
the local authority on the basis 
of the Government’s willing- 
ness to channel funds in 
exchange for local authority 

bodies, has given the balance. 

Sarah Meer, aged 16, the 
department's accountant, ex- 
plained that it also sells fruit, 
eggs, and poul try, an d expects 
soon to offer furni t ur e made 
from the school's own timber. 
Turnover is about £5,000 a 
year, with a £1,000 surplus. 

Manual work is compulsory 
for those in the first two years 
of the school 

Arts and crafts, rural skills 
and work out of doors have 
been a central part of the 

agreement on the setting up of curriculum since J.H. Radley 
a local urban development created the school at the end of 


the last century. 

Pressure for decision on Sizewell 

Bv Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

The report of the Sizewell "no". Two years after the 340- £1,300 million, and would be 

public inquiry, which ended 
tost March, has been delayed 
because the Government lias, 
in effect, changed the rules. 

Sir Frank Layfield. the 
chairman, is being" pressed to 
rule for or against the proposal 
to build a pressurized water 
reactor on the Suffolk coast, 
instead of giving the expected 
qualified assessment. 

There is no possibility, how- 
ever. of a simple "yes” or 

day inquiry began, there are 
still unresolved economic and 
safety matters. 

Detailed computer analyses 
have considered the econom- 
ics of alternative energy, and 
another nuclear option, the 
British Advanced Gas-Cooled 
Reactor, or AGR. was suggest- 
ed as preferable by the South 
of Scotland Electricity Board. 

The PWR. a widely used 
American system, would cost 

Britain'- first 

Mca .while, concern after 
the recent leaks at the 
Sellafidd reprocessing plant in 
Cumbria, and the derision to 
build a nuclear waste disposal 
site, is likely to increase this 
week with the publication of a 
report by an all-party parlia- 
mentary select committee on 
nuclear waste, which is known 
to be critical of government 

Select committees:! 

Death threats to King 
of Sweden follow 
murder of Mr Palme 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

look is 
at school 

By Charles Knevitt 
Architecture Correspondent 

Pupils of Deflates school at 
Pdenfidd m Hampshire are 
rebuilding a barn from 
Bonhams farm, near Alton, 
Hampshire, to provide a sta- 
ble, forge, tool-house and | 
kitchen with a baking oven for 
their outdoor work project in 
the school grornds. 

It is the second ham to be 
dismantled, transported and 
rebuilt at the scfaooL The first, 
Sotberington barn, dating 
from the eighteenth century, 
came from Selborne, Hamp- 
shire, and Is used as a large 
dry working area, cartbonse 
ami strong room. 

Manual labour has been 
part of the enniadam at the 
school since it was founded. 
The Outdoor Work Depart- 
ment has been growing and 
selling thousands of trees and 
fruit since 1975. 

Mr John Rogers, the master 
in charge of the department, 
said that the barnyard should 
be completed this summer, 
when it will also be used by 
members of the local conserva- 
tion volunteers. 

The project is one of 33 
short-listed entries m The 
Timei /RIBA Community En- 
terprise Scheme.. The awards 
will be presented by its patron, 
the FkinceofWite, in Jane. 

The school is within £1,000 
of paying for the barnyard, 
which is costing £23^)00. Of 
that the children have raised 
about a third. Old Bedafians 
and parents have given a third. 

Security police have 
stepped up their guard on the 
Swedish royal family after a 
series of death threats. 

The First Marshal of the 
Royal Court, Mr Lennart 
Ahren, said the threats had 
come in anonymous tele- 
phone calls to the palace in 
Stockholm. Police had been 
informed immediately, he 

King Cart Gustaf was re- 
ported to be "shaken” by the 
threats, which are being taken 
with added seriousness by the 
security police after the assas- 
sination on February 28 of the 
Swedish Prime Minister, Mr 
Otof Palme. 

The King, Queen Silvia, 
and the three royal children. 
Crown Princess Victoria, aged 
eight, Prince Carl Philip, aged 
five, and Princess Madeleine, 
aged two, were now receiving 
added protection, said a police 

Meanwhile, police hunting 
Mr Palme’s kilter, whom they 
describe as “a professional 
murderer", appealed for an 
anonymous letter-writer who 
may have seen the assassin to 
come forward. 

The Stockholm police chief 
Mr Hans Holmer, said the 
letter had been sent to police 
soon after Mr Palme was 
murdered. The writer claimed 
to have passed the spot where 
Mr Palme was killed at the 
time of the murder and had 
made “certain observations". 
Mr Holmer said he could 

reveal no more at this stage. 

Sweden will observe one 
minute of silence today to 
honour the memory of Mr 
Palme. At noon (1 1.00 GMT) 
all t rains, underground trains, 
buses, taxis and - it is 
expected — most private cars 
will halL Work in factories 
and shops will stop, and in 
schools and day-care centres 
children and teachers will 
stand in silent tribute to Mr 

The minute’s silence -will be 
led from Parliament, where 
MPs will also hear a pro- 
gramme of solemn music 
played by members of the 
Stockholm Philharmonic Or- 
chestra, a speech by the Speak- 
er, Mr Ingemund Bengtsson, 
in tribute to Mr Palme, and 
the singing of the Negro 
spiritual “Deep River" by the 
Stockholm Cathedral choir. 

Poems will be read' by the 
actor Jan-Olof Stiandberg, 
and tributes to Mr Palme will 
be paid by opposition leaders 
with whom he could be scath- 
ingly critical in parliamentary 

Tomorrow Mr Ingvar 
Carlsson win be presented 
formally to Parliament as Mr 
Palme's successor by Mr 
Bengtsson. On Wednesday he 
will be sworn in. 

Preparations for Mr 
Palme’s state funeral on Satur- 
day are continuing. More than 
1,000 police will be on duty to 
protect up to 600 guests from 
around tire world. They in- 
clude President Mitterrand of 

France, . President Soares of 
Portugal, President Kaunda of 
Zambia, the United Nations 
Secretary-General, Senor 
Javier Pdrcz de Cu&Iar, the 
Prime Minister of India, Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, the former 
West German Chancellor. 
Herr WtUy Brandt, and the 
Greek . Minister of Culture, 
Miss Melina Mercouri, 

Tributes to Mr Palme will 
be paid by Mr Carlsson, Mr 
Sten Andersson, the Foreign 
Minister; King Cart Gustaf 
Senor Pere? de Cudiar, Mr 
Gandhi, Mr Kalevi Sorsa, the 
Finnish Prime Minister, Miss 
Anna Lindh, leader of 
Sweden’s Young Socialists, 
Mr Stig Malm, chairman of 
the Swedish Confederation of 
Trade Unions, and by Heir 

A song will be sung ' by the 
Finnish vocalist Miss Aria 
Saijonmaa. and music mil be 
provided by a Swedish jazz 
orchestra led by the 
altosaxophonist Arne 

After the televised service in 
Stockholm Town Hall, Mr 
Palme’s flower-decked coffin 
win be carried through the 
streets of Stockholm. Mr 
Palme will be buried at Adolf 
Fredrik’s Church, a few hun- 
dred yards from where he was 

• ANKARA: Swedish police 
hunting Mr Palme’s kiDer are 
looking for three Kurdish 
guerrillas, the Turkish news- 
paper Milliyel said yesterday 
(Reuter reports). . 

Delors switches EEC to the back 
burner in view of French poll 

These are quiet days at the 
Berlaymont headquarters of 
the EEC Commission, partly 
because the Commission is 
wary of the impact of anything 
it might do on the French 
elections next weekend. M 
Jacques Delors, President of 
the Commission, is a former 
French Finance Minister. 

At least two important is- 
sues - farm prices and the 
regulation of European televi- 
sion - are in abeyance until 
next week, with EEC reports 
temporarily shelved- and. deci- 
sions postponed. Both are 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

sensitive issues in French 

This lull is also due to a 
reduction this year in the 
number of EEC summits from 
three to two. Heads of Gov- 
ernment will gather in June in 
The Hague ami December in 
London, but the summit 
which would have taken place 
in Brussels this month has 
been cancelled. 

Behind the scenes however 
the Twelve are gearing up for 
co-ordinated action on two 
fronts: internal reform after 
.the. referendum in Denmark 
and foreign policy and trade 

against the background of a 
fell in both the dollar and oil 

EEC Foreign Ministers 
meet today to tackle trade 
relations with the United 
States and Japan, taking up Sir 
Geoffrey Howe’s call last week 
for European industry to 
match American singleness of 
purpose and Japanese homo- 

Above all, in the wake of the 
“yes" vote on EEC reforms in 
last month’s Danish referen- 
dum, the Twelve are set to 
move forward to creating a 
full ■ internal market, - ’ 

by snow 

From Tony Skmstag 

Norway's griefat the deaths 
of 16 ■ young soldiers in ah 
avalanche last week was in- 
creasingly. mingled with rage 
yesterday as the nation sought 
to untangle the chain of events 
that led to the tragedy. 

"Who gave - the order?”, 
asked Da^Wadf. the second- 
largest national newspaper, cm 
the front page of its weekend 
edition. Since Wednesday, 
when the avalanche buried 31 
men, . all members of the 
Norwegian Brigade North En- 
gineering Corps, U has become 
clear that the dangers of 
entering the remote valley of 
Vaffdaleo, . near the port of 
Narvik on the Norweigan Sea, 
were well known. . 

“Anchor Express", which 
was lo have been one of Natp’s 
largest winter exercises, in- 
volving 20,000 troops, was 
called off after the tragedy. 

Some of the roost damning 
public testimony has come 
from Lieutenant Agnar 
Kvemmo of the load . Home 
Guard, who has known 
Vaffdalen all his life. .. 

. Lieutenant Kvemmo is ada- 
mant that as early as last 
Monday he briefed -two ava- 
lanche experts on Nato’s be- 
half. “I told them if you send 
soldiers into this- area -there 
will be a serious accident’ ", he 

The lieutenant takes vigor- 
ous exception to remarks by 
General Fredrik Boll-Hansen, 
the Norwegian Defence Chief, 
that avalanches were unusual 
in Vaffdalen. "1 can only 
imagine that those statements 
were snatched -from thin air. 
Everybody who knows this 
area knows about the danger.” 

An ugly incident marred a 
memorial service for the vic- 
tims on Friday at a barracks in 
the parish of nearby 
Oeverbygd. A photographer 
from tire national press agen- 
cy, NTB, was roughed op and 
us camera confiscated after 
he allegedly violated an under- 
taking not to take dose-up 
pictures of the dead soldiers' 
weeping comrades. 

Bowing to public pressure, 
the Government has agreed to 
appoint a civilian and not a 
military commission of inqui- 
ry into the ' events', at 
Vaffdalen. It is : te be beaded 
by Mrs Agues ,Haug, aged 53, 
tea assizeiGourt judder 

Stabbing ends quiet g 
of poll campaign 


From Diana Geddes, Paris 

The hitherto remarkably 
peaceful French election cam- 
paign erupted into violence at 
the weekend when a Socialist 
supporter was stabbed to 
death by a National Front 
supporter after he had taken 
down an NF poster from an 
official campaign hoarding re- 
served for the Socialists. 

The incident occurred just 
after 9.30 pm on Friday at 
Croissy-sur-Seine, in the 
Yvelynes, outside Paris, 
where M Michel Rocard, for- 
mer Aqaculture Minister and 
self-declared candidate for the 
presidential elections, heads 
the Socialist list 

Philippe Brocard, aged 35, a 
Rocard supporter, had agreed 
to help two Socialist militants 
to put up posters. 

Finding one covered by 
posters of the extreme-right 
National Front, they were 
attempting to tear them off 
when three cars, with their 
lights off suddenly emerged 
from the darkness and six men 
jumped out 

“They were wearing a kind 
of paramilitary uniform, com- 
plete with leather jackets and 
crewcut hair," M Jean-Jac- 
ques Gaucher, a Socialist mu- 
nicipal councillor, said. “A 
row immediately broke out. 
They said to me: “So, you 
don t like our posters? 1 

“Then everything happened 
very quickly. We found our- 
selves on the ground, being 
kicked and beaten up. Sud- 
denly I heard a scream. Phi- 
lippe had been stabbed He 
was bleeding hard I tried to 
pull him away, but they 
continued to (tick him." 

By the time M Brocard had 
been taken lo hospital, be was 

Sergeant Rfigis Devaux, 
aged 23, a soldier in the 5th 
Infantry Regiment, has been 
charged with manslaughter 
and is in police custody. 

Both the National Front 
federation in the Yvelynes, 
and M Jean-Marie Le Pen, the 
National Front leader, initial- 
ly denied knowing anything 
about Sergeant Devaux. M Le 
Pen later condemned the kill- 
ing of “any party militant, 
even if he is an adversary”. 

Nearly 2,000 people, led by 
M Rocard marched in silence 
through Croissy yesterday and 
M Rocard laid a wreath of 
pink carnations on the spot, 
stained with blood, where M 
Brocard died, while M 
Gaucher stuck a portrait of M 
Brocard over a National Front 
poster portraying M Le Pen. 

M Laurent Fabius, the 
Prime Minister, called for 
every party to abstain from 

Jfe'vdi; Jj 

\ • ■ if m 

M Laurent Fabfas, t he Fre nch Prime Minister, answering 

French elections: Part 1 

Underestimated system comes of age Silver lining too late for Socialists 

I Whatever the Westland af- 
fair may have done to the 
Conservative Parts', 11 has 
been a tonic for the select 
committee system in the 
House of Commons. Sudden- 
ly. backbenchers who have 
lived obscure lives up and 
down the interminable com- 
mittee room corridor, which 
runs almost the whole length 
of the Palace of Westminster, 
are walking with a new spring 
in their step; their role in 
exercising the authority of the 
legislature over the executive 
has at Iasi been vindicated 
. Yet the powers the defence 
committee has used to sum- 
mon mandarins and confiden- 
tial drafts has existed from 
time immemorial and it re- 
mains uncertain whether the 
committee will, in practice, 
succeed in interrogating staff 
from the Prime Minister's 
private office. 

Most probably a compro- 
mise will be reached some way 
short of absolute victory or 
absolute rebuff. In theory a 
government might seem to 
have little to fear from the 
insatiable curiosity of select 

More of the real action at Westminster has been taking 
place riot in the chamber of the Commons but in its se- 
lect comm i tees, where the pressure has been so extreme 
in the pus: fnv a \ svy tha: even the impeccable 
iknauJcrs of Hansard have fallen behind in recording 
it. In the first of a two-part series George HiU looks at 
the growing self-confidence of the select committees. 

committees, which derive 
their powers ultimately from 
the House of Commons, 
where the government has a 
majority, and whose member- 
ship broadly reflects the politi- 
cal balance of forces in the 

In practice, the necessity for 
a government to give reasons 
to the House for rejecting a 
request could embarrass it as 
much as anything which 
might come out in committee. 
As Sir Anthony Kershaw, 
chairman of the foreign affairs 
committee, points out, if the 
Government dees refuse to 
allow the Civil Servants to 
appear before the defence 
committee in face of a firm 
demand, it will look like a 

The constitutional position 

as to the powers of commit- 
tees is fairly dear. They have a 
genera] power to choose their 
areas of inquiry and to sum- 
mon persons and papers, al- 
though they have no sanction 
against witnesses who refuse 
to answer. Civil Servants are 
required by their own codes to 
follow their ministers' instruc- 

When the defence commit- 
tee asked to see Mr Bernard 
Ingham and his Civil Service 
colleagues. Mrs Thatcher re- 
plied carefully that a sum- 
mons to private secretaries 
and personal staff (as distinct 
from advisers on broad poli- 
cy) raised major implications 
which would “need to be 
thought about". 

The committees’ powers are 
limited. Of the 275 repons 

they have made since 1979, 
only four have been formally 
debated in the House. Some 
committee members are con- 
vinced that the effective role 
of the committees has been 
immeasurably strengthened 
by the events of recent weeks, 
and that Whitehall has been 
taken by surprise by them. 

Ministers, too, may have 
underestimated the resources 
of the committee system. The 
new pattern of departmental 
committees has grows up 
since 1979. and. as yet, rela- 
tively few members of either 
front bench have served in 
them lo any extent (Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, is 
an exception). The motives 
and attitudes of committee 
members, as well as their 
powers, are relatively unfamil- 
iar to them. Referring the 
matter to a committee might, 
in the past, have seemed a 
comfortable option for taking 
the heat off it for a few weeks. 
Ministers are not likely to 
make that misjudgement 

Tomorrow: Two breeds of MP 

“If the elections g® against 
the Socialists, it mil be be- 
cause of unemployment," 
President Mitterrand Admit- 
ted in a recent teterisfon 

He described the 37 per cent 
rise in the number on* of work 
in the past five years as his 
Govenunent’s main failure. 

The Socialists came to pow- 
er in May, 1981, promising to 
reduce unemployment Here 
were then 1-7 million anem- 
pteyed: now there are 1A 

The Opposition insists that 
die real ntunber is more than 
three rmOhm, if those taken off 
the register by such 
“cosmetic” measures as early 
retirement and youth commu- 
nity work are indiided. 

AU the polls show feat 
unemployment is by for the 
most important preoccupation 
today. Yet it has failed to 
become a hot election issue. 

This is largely because the 
prospect m post-election 

“cohabitation” of a right-mug 
government with a left-wing 
President has dominated the 
campaign, but also because the 
Opposition knows that, in the 

By Diana Geddes 

short term at least, It is 
unlikely to fore any better in 
tackling unemployment tfam 
the Socialists. It is certainly 
not making any promises. 

Unemptojnsent aside, the 
Socialists like to. claim Hw* 
tbeir economic record is one of 
their strong points. Indeed, 
they have recently based their 
campaign on the idea that it 
would be foolish to throw out 
the present Government just 
wheu it is beginning to reap 
what it has sown and nurtured 
over the previous five yean. 

Inflation, they point out, is 
below S per cent, its lowest 
level for 17 years. Industrial 
investment is picking «p» Bad- 
ness profits are rising. Interest 
rates are falling - Price amt 
exchange controls are being 
removed. The number of days 
lost through strikes is the 
lowest since 1946. 

Taxes have been cut for the 
first tune in more than a 
decade. Real wages are going 
op. Unemployment, although 
unacceptably high, has never- 

thetess fallen sfightiy over the 
past year. The balance of 
payments is in smphB and the 
franc is stable. 

You see, the Socialists say. 
the economy is weB on toe 
road to recovery. Not at all, the 
Opposition replies. Having 
once had oik of the highest 
growth rates of any indastthti- 
cced country, France now has 
one of foe lowest In the past 
five years the economy has 
grown by an average of 1.1 per 
cent a year, compared with 2.7 

per ceat over the previous tire 

Total investment is 8 per 
cent lower than fa 1980. 

Industrial prodoction is stag- 
nating. Exports have been 
lectir- ^g, as a proportion of 
tire world market. The foreign 
debt has tripled to' 488 billion 
francs (£49 b3Uoa).-The franc, 
devalued three times 'by the 
Sodafists, is now being shored 
«*P by high interest rates* 

Ban k r uptc ies are rtoulng at 
a record 26£GQ a year, it says, 
but foils to poinr out that new 

companies are being set up at a 
record 108,000 a year: the 
total burden of taxation rose 
undo- the Socialists to a record 
45.4 percent of gross domestic 
product, and has been rat by 
only 0 J. of a percentage point. 

In many ways, tire elections 
have come too early foe .the 
Socialists. Although they have 
marked hp some commemlabte 

ly cook too late to be felt by 
the man in the street . . 

. They took as tt'they.wOi 
arms oat entirely on the wind* 
folk estimated at between SO 
WUion and 70 biUteu francs 

this year, from foe spectacular 
Calf m the dpflar aiid in the 
price of ofl. 

Tomorrow: Electoral style 

J*>J Jt £j* Ij£jD 



piles on 

From Michael Binyon, W ashingto n 

President Reagan stepped 
up his efforts over the week- 
end to secure 5100 million in- 
aid for- the Nicaraguan Contra 
rebels, saying the vote by 
Congress Oh March 19 would 
be of "supreme importance", 
and insisting that only his 
policy “can keep Gshtral 
America free without commit- 
tit® American troops” 

“The days of pretending 
Nicaragua is an innocent land 
of peace wishing only to live in 
harmony with its people and 
neighbours have long passed”, 

Mr Reagan said in his weekly 
radio address "Nicaragua is a 
country held captive by a cruel 
clique of deeply committed 
Communists at war with God 
and man. How can Congress 
ignore this storm gathering so 
dose to our homeland?” 

He challenged Congress to 
“stand up for freedom” and 
said the Contras needed US 
military aid because, without 
power, diplomacy would be 
without leverage. 

This week the President will 
hold a series of private meet- 
ings to lobby members of a 
sceptical Congress. He intends 
to emphasize his commitment 
to negotiation and the diplo- 
matic process, and will insist 

that Mr Philip Habib, his new 
Special envoy to the region, 
win only be able to do his job 
if the President has bipartisan 
support at home. 

Senator Christopher Dodd 
of Connecticut said yesterday, 
however “This Administra- 
tion wants to overthrow the 
Sandimsta Government It 
says it just wants to bring 
them to the negotiating table. 
Absolutely no one believes 

Another Democrat Repre- 
sentative Michael Barnes, 
said: “If we go down this road 
of increasing military confron- 
tation with Nicaragua, it leads 
almost inevitably to the com- 
mitment of US troops.” He 
also strongly attacked the 
White House for what he 
called "the worst rhetoric 
we've heard in America since 
the. 1950s". 

To secure the aid, Mr 
Reagan must win over at least 
65 members from both parties 
in the House of Representa- 
tives. He will make a nation- 
wide television address on 
Sunday, in an attempt to 
influence the vote three days 

Despite increasingly bellig- 

Chill in US-Soviet relations 

UN cuts add to 
summit doubts 

From Michael Biny on, Washington 

The enforced cut in Soviet 
diplomats at the United Na- 
tions marks the latest in a 
series of incidents that have 
rapidly chilled Soviet-Ameri- 
can relations and casts further 
doubts over Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov's proposed sum- 
mit visit here later this year. 

The United States masts 
the cutback should not dam- 
age overall relations with 
Moscow or add to the contro- 
versy now surrounding the 
summit, and that it is doing 
nothing to set back relations. 
It Tried die resumption^ soon 
of air links between theSoviet 
Union and the US and the 
preparations- for the opening 
of Soviet and American oon- 

pression that the White House 
is taking a more combative 
line towards Moscow than H 
did just after the summit. 

The Americans have been 
angered by what they see as 
Mr Gorbachov’s reneging on 
his commitment to come-here 
in June or July, and reject any 
attempt to link his visit with 
progress in arms controL Last 
week Mr Reagan said bluntly 
that, if the Soviet leader did 
not come, he would not go to 

Moscow in 1987. 

‘ On arms controL the Presi- 
dent sent a firmly worded 
letter to Moscow recently in 
reply to the, latest Soviet 
proposals- for the eventual 
abolition of nuclear weapons. 

ulates in New York and Kiev Tte letter |s understood to 
s examples that ^iggrebiaents " have jinked progress to. Soviet 
‘ J - *■“ .good feith and actions in 

A fghanis tan, Nicaragua. An- 

cached in Geneva were being 
sanied out • ' . . 

But. in fight ^Of: foe sharp 
rass reaction and recent swte- 
hents in Moscow.foere is no 
foifot that; the improvement 
n relations 'that followed the 
Jeneva summit last Novem- 
jer has all but disappeared. 

Officials here said a task 
erree had been working for 
nonths on the problem posed 
>y foe large UN staff of the 
Soviet Umon, Byelorussia and 
Jkraine, which have separate 
JN seats.- The FBI was con- 
*roed that it was no longer 
tble to keep track of so many 
Kople froni the Soviet Woe, 
nany. of whom are suspected 

>f being spies. 

The move comes after a 
cries of aixgiy exchanges on 
aich issues as arms. controL 
he date of the next summit, 
he President’s appeal for a 
:ontinued defence . build-up 
ind the access of Soviet 
:orn men ta tors to American 
devision- The issues are not 
necessarily rel ated, but have 
combined to. produce an im- 

gola and elsewhere around the 
.world. It drew an . angry reac- 
tion-from Moscow. 

But Mr Richan! Perie; the 
Assistant' Secretary of De- 
fence, said at foe end of last 
week's round of Geneva talks 
that the Russians were negoti- 
ating in bad faith, and they 
clearly knew their proposals 
on the non-modernization of 
British and French missiles 
would be unacceptable to. the 

Mr Reagan's television ad- 
dress calling for no cuts in 
defence spending was also 
more reminiscent of his stri- 
dent anti-Soviet rhetoric than 
of his more measured tones 
before foe Geneva summit 
He suggested that the Rus- 
sians - "our adversaries” - 
never understood anything 
but force, and that only the 
threat of American military 
strength would bring them to 
the negotiating table. Moscow 
again reacted sharply. - 

Leading artide, page 13 

says lives 
at stake 

From Mk&ad Brayon 

In the first public indication 
jf widespread anger among 

istronautsattheway Nasahas 

jeen running the shuttle pro- 
gramme, a senior astronaut 
iccused the agency oyer foe 
weekend of en dan gering his 
oOeagues' lives to - meet a 
light launch schedule. 

Mr John Young, duel of 
siasa's Astronaut Office; 
nadc the complaint in a 
xteraorandum on March 4, 
was released by Nasa on 
He gave an 

a October 191 - 
management system 

g enough to stop the 
huttte programme 
r necessary to make 
ay corrections, it wfll 
ive and nerther will 
e space shuttles or 
in crews,” he said, 
memorandum, ad* 
to the head of crew 
* at Houston and to 
Richard Truly, the 
sf of the shuttle pro- 
was distributed to 
95 astronauts, 
jung questione d the 
m agemcat system 
allowed the launch 
problems with foe 
ket booster seals, 
id there bad alrewiy 
niches without full 
icy and back-up sys* 

jck-up system finlure 
Me resulted fo the loss 
and crew. 

hits at 

Vienna (Reuter) — The 
former Secretary-General of 
the United Nations, Dr Kurt 
Waldheim, denied allegations 
that he had a Nazi past and 
accused The New York Times 
of spreading the 10951 gro- 
tesque stories about him. 

"I was neither a member of 
the Brownshirts (SA) nor of 
the Student Federation;” he 
paid in an interview on Aristri- 
mi television. - 

“This is a most deliberate 
smear campaign against me, 
of a kind unprecefomied in 
Austria’s postwar history," he 
said emotionally.. “AD these 
allegations are untrue.” . 

Last Tuesday The Noe Yak 
Times indirectly quoted Dr 
Waldheim - presidential can- 
didate for Austria's conserva- 
tive opposition People’s Party 
- as admitting membershipof 
the two Nazi groups- The 
paper also said he was at- 
tached to a German unit that 
fought brutal campaigns 
against Yugoslav partisans 
aid deported Greek Jews. 

In the interview, Dr Wald- 
heim said: “I must say, once 
and for all thai I amsick of 
being told I am not tfiUing foe 

truth ... I dull fobs 
Step against such slanders, nit 

^Hehadbeen checked by foe 
secret services.of all foe major 
powers before becoming .UN 
Saretarv-General in 1972, he 
said, asking whether they 
would have passed him for foe 
post if he had been found to 
have "a single brown spot . 

erent talk from the White 
House, there were signs over 
foe weekend that the Adminis- 
tration was ready to compro- 
mise. Under one plan, 
proposed by Senator James 
Sasser of Tennessee, military 
aid for the rebels would be 
frozen for six months while 
efforts are made to start talks. 

If Nicaragua failed 10 nego- 
tiate, the money would be 
released. On Saturday Mr 
Sasser met Mr Elliott Abrams, 
the Assistant Secretary of 
State for Inter-American Af- 
fairs, to discuss his proposal 
He said Mr Abrams expressed 
"reservations” about foe de- 
lay, but did not reject the plan 

However, he said on televi- 
sion yesterday: “The Presi- 
dent is not looking for 
compromise at this point. He 
is looking for 218 votes in the 

The stakes are now high, 
and some senior officials fear 
that the Administration's 
rhetoric has been too harsh 
and that an obstinate Con- 
gress win not pass direct aid to 
the Contras without a com- 

US policy 
in region 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

Latin American opposition 
to President Reagan’s policies 
in Central America has never 
been more united. 

The Governments of eight 
Latin American nations, in- 
cluding the three most power- 
ful, Mexico, Brazil and 
Argentina, declared this 
month foat there was an 
"imperative need” for an end 
to foreign support for insur- 
gencies in Central America, a 
pointed reference 10 Mr 
Reagan’s proposal for aid to 
the Contras. 

Both US and Honduran 
officials in Honduras, which 
has long been the base camp 
for foe bulk of foe Contra 
forces, have said in recent 
interviews that the chances of 
the Contras overthrowing 
Nicaragua’s Sandinista Gov- 
ernment are virtually nil. 
Questions have even been 
raised about foe Contras' will- 
ingness to fight 

The appointment of Mr 
Philip Habib as Washington’s 
special envoy has not im- 
pressed Nicaraguan officials. 
They see his expected visit to 
foe region this week as an 
effort to bolster a proposal by 
President Duarte of El Salva- 
dor, apparently inspired by his 
US backers, for simultaneous 
peace talks between the gov- 
ernments and rebels ofbofo El 
Salvador and Nicaragua. 

• yf-.: #"**-** 

.. . *• * . \ N .q 

The children of former Haitian President Jean-Clande Duvalier playing on the terrace of the family's assigned villa, near 
Grasse in the South of France, after being moved there from a luxury hotel in the Alpine resort of TaUoires last week. 

Leaders of Europe attend Soares inauguration 

Lisbon — Dr Mario Soares 
was sworn in as President of 
Portugal in the Parliament 
building here yesterday in the 
presence of 2.000 illustrious 
guests. They included Presi- 
dent Mitterrand of France, 
Signor Bettino Craxi and Se- 
tter Felipe Gonzilez, respec- 

tively. the Prime Ministers of 
Italy and Spain, and Lord 
Carrington, Nato's Secretary- 
General (Martha de la Cal 


Britain was represented by 
Mr John Biffen. the Leader of 
the House of Commons, the 
United Slates by Vice-Presi- 

dent Geoige Bush and the 
Soviet Union by the Deputy 
President of foe Praesidium of 
the Supreme Soviet, Mr Vladi- 
mir Orlov. 

Several heads of state of 
Portuguese-speaking African 
countries were also present. 
The pomp and circum- 

stance of the ceremony was 
seen as an indication of the 
type of presidency which can 
be expected from Dr Soares, in 
contrast to that of the outgoing 
President Eanes. an austere 
and stem man, who took little 
pan in ostentatious ceremo- 




irtli A JuvlcS MOinUa i MAiS-V^ri m x>oo 


There are 500 words in this 

Each one is worth reading very, 
veiy carefully. Because they develop 
an argument which, when followed 
through to its logical conclusion, 
could lead the way to the formation 
of a new company with an annual 
turnover well over £6,000,000,000. 
(Half of which comes from related 

The two companies are United 
Biscuits and Imperial. 

United Biscuits are front- 
runners in the food market and 
expanding fast in leisure. 

Imperial are leaders in the food, 

of America. 

One of those brands is 
Pizzaland whose restaurant opening 
programme will be accelerated. 

On the subject of overseas 
markets, United’s growing presence 
in North America, Hong Kong, 

Japan and the Third World will open 
new doors for Imperial. Much as 
their world mar kets will be 
introduced to us. 

Two frozen peas in a pod. 

One of the fastest growing world 
markets is Frozen Foods. 

The home market as much as 
the catering market. 

Each one 


* # 

leisure and tobacco markets. (See? 
Common ground already.) 

By joining forces, our combined 
turnover, based on 1985 sales, will be 
well above £6 billion. 

One and one is more than two. 

From this point on, the words 
grow progressively more valuable. 

If our combination stood only 
for a pooling of sales, our argument 
would be strong. 

What makes it incontrovertible 
and so potentially fruitful, is how 
those common resources could be 

Imperial presently control over 
6,000 pubs, restaurants and shops. 

Ready markets for United 
Biscuits’ crisps, snacks, confectionery, 
pizzas and burgers. 

Simply by coming together we 
could substantially increase our 
penetration into these outlets. 

Two vans can’t live as cheaply 
as one. 

All those pubs and restaurants, 
as well as a nationwide network 
of tobacconists, need regular 

By bringing together our distri- 
bution and wholesale operations, we 
anticipate an impressive reduction 
in overheads. 

Imperial's strong cash flow 
will provide a rich source of funds 
to invest back into our brands both 
at home and in the United States 

Imperial, withRoss and Y>ungs, 
are strong in supermarkets. We’re 
both growing fast in the catering trade. 

Together; we can consolidate 
our successes and create a giant 
bigger than the jolly green one. 

Even more resourceful. 

As you read this, there’s a team 
of people at United Biscuits working 
hard on new product development. 
Our record testifies to their successes 
in the past. 

Round the comer, at Imperial, 
another team is busy on their new 
product development. 

It’s easy to imagine how the 
pooling of those resources could 
benefit both companies. 

Ask the other half. 

It’s not just United who want 

It’s Imperial who want United. 

Both of us know just how well 
suited we are to each other 

Just howpowerful a force we can 
be together. 

However many words others 
may give you, in the long term they 
just can’t add up to the same value. 

And in the long run, it’s not 
words that count. 

But the value behind them. ... 


>: *$■*•?% 
$ -rii ••':•; 


SSSlltg IP 

said here last night 

In the meantime, the Sri 
Lankan High Commissioner 
in Delhi. Mr Bernard 
Tilakaratne, has also arrived 
in Colombo for further con- 

India is beginning to be 
convinced that the Sn Lankan 
Government is not serious 
about wanting a political solu- 
tion to the Tamil crisis, short 
of the Tamils' surrender. 

New arms purchases and 
new tactics have led the Sri 
Lankans to believe they can 

Control of 
is urged 

From Christopher Thomas 
New York 

The Mafia's influence over 
the International Brotherhood 
of Teamsters, America's larg- 
est and arguably most politi- 
cally influential union, is so 
pervasive that the White 
House should consider remov- 
ing union pincers and placing 
onion activities under court 
supervision, a presidential 
commission has recommend- 

The scandal -ridden union, 
whose wealth and organiza- 
tional muscle always play a 
key role in presidential and 
other big elections, has been 
firmly under the influence of 
organized crime since the 
1950s. the report declares. 

"The systematic use of 
trusteeships by courts may be 
necessary to prevent organized 
crime from continuing to do 
business as usual," it says, 
although it falls short of 
recommending direct moves 
against the union leadership. 

The report which is being 
Studied by the White House, 
was drawn np by the 
President's Commission on 
Organized Crime. It accuses 
Mr Jackie Presser, president 
of the Teamsters, of having an 
“extensive record of organized 
crime association". 

It says that business trans- 
actions in which he earned 
more than Si million while a 
Teamsters* official in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, in the 1970s — 
mainly involving investment in 
a theatre — were “highly 
suspect" and had been re- 
ferred to the Justice Depart- 

The report also finds that 
organized crime exercises al- 
most unfettered control over 
the New York-New Jersey 
waterfront, primarily through 
the International Longshore- 
men's Association (a bade 
onion), and had beavfiy infil- 
trated hotel unions in both 


The Indians felt "there is a 
attempt to find an alibi for ih 
failure to engage in construe 
live negotiations .” 

In the meantime, the Itillin. 
continues. It was report© 
yesterday that Tamil militant 
killed four Sri Lankan soldier 
as they made their way by boa 
from Velvenithurai to Poin 
Pedro, in the waters off tin 
Jaffna peninsula. 

Another soldier was said it 
have been killed in the villa# 
ofThondamanaru. nearby. 

in Dhaka 

From Ahmed Fazl 

' Demonstrators went on 
rampage through Dhaka o 
Saturday in the latest prows 
against the militar 
leadership's proposals for par 
ha memary elections nex 

Cars were damaged and ih 
houses of government leader 
attacked as a half-day genera 
strike called by Oppositioi 
parties brought life to a stand 
still in the capital and 21 othei 
Bangladesh towns. 

Police rounded up mon 
than 100 people in Dhalu 
during clashes in whichat leasi 
three bombs were thrown at 
the official residence of the 
Deputy Chief Martial Law 
Administrator. Admiral Sul- 
tan Ahmed. 

The Information Minister, 
Mr Anwar Zahid, was at- 
tacked by students with bot- 
tles of acid in west Dhaka. At 
least 12 people were arrested 
during scuffles with police 

Shops, schools and factories 
remained shut and public 
transport was off the streets" in 
response to a call by the 15- 
party and 7-party alliances 
and the fundamentalist 
Jamaat+IslamL who are ob- 
jecting to the elections due to 
be held under martial law 
supervision on April 26. 

Sheikh Hasina Waxed, lead- 
er of the 1 5-pany alliance, said 
the strike was extremely 
successful"! think people 
have rejected elections under 
martial law and endorsed the 
opposition stand for boycott- 
ing polls if the Cour-year-old 
military rule is not withdrawn 
first," she said 
Meanwhile. General 
Ershad, the military ruler, said 
yesterday that he would press 
ahead with the election time- , 
table and would not be cowed 
by pressure from the Opposi- 
tion for his resignation. 


Shia Muslim campaign against France 


sms TV 


From Our Correspondent 

pie underground war of 
L e banon's Shia Muslim ex- 
tremists against France took a 
»ew turn yesterday when the 
obscure Islamic Jihad organi- 
zation claimed it had "de- 
^ed for questioning” a four- 
rean French television crew. 

. One day after the abduction 
in a Muslim suburb of west 
Beirut, there was no word on 
the men's fete, but the claim, 
made by an anonymous tele- 
phone caller to a Western 
news agency, suggested thev 
coukl be set free. The caller 
made no demands. 

The Frenchmen were sent 
to Beirut after claims that M 
Michel Seurat, one of four 
Frenchmen Islamic Jihad says 
■it kidnapped in May, had been 
killed in reprisal for France's 
deportation of two pro-irani- 
an Iraqi activists to Baghdad 
where, according to some 
reports, they face possible 

The male caller said the 
television crew, working for 
Antenne-2, were detained in 
the seaside Jnah district on 
Saturday afternoon. He iden- 
tilled the four as Philippe 

Rochot, Georges Hansen, 
A urel Cornea and Jean-Louis 
Normandin. The caller cited 
the crew's "suspicious move- 
ments in the Islamic suburbs". 

Lebanon's police com- 
mander, Major-General Os- 
man Osman, said there were 
no clues in the case, but 
admitted that the crew’s 
movements around Shia Mus- 
lim strongholds were anything 
but prudent. "Their presence 
there was a mistake,” he said. 

Although it appears that the 
crew would not join the other 
French hostages as such, their 
abduction gave Islamic Jihad 
chances to emphasize previ- 
ous warnings. “We give the 
French Government one week 
to recover our two comrades 
from the dungeons of the Iraqi 
regime," the caller said. 

After the claim saying that 
M Seurat, a researcher aged 
37, had been "executed", a 
second anonymous caller 
threatened that another 
French hostage would be 
killed if the two Iraqis. Fawzj 
Hamzch and Hassan 
Kheireddine. were not re- 
turned to France. Both men 
were arrested and expelled 
along with several other sus- 
pects in a police ami-terrorist 

drive on February 19. after a 
series of bombings in Paris. 

As usual, it was impossible 
to authenticate yesterday's 
telephone call. But what puz- 
zled many was that the Ara- 
bic-speaking man began it 
with a quotation from the 
Koran different from the al- 
ready familiar saying — "in the 
name of God. the Merciful, 
the Compassionate” - which 
Islamic Jihad uses in every 

In the fluny of claims 
regarding the situation of the 
Frenchmen, one caller said on 
Saturday that the kidnappers 
were prepared to meet with Dr 
Razah Raad, a Lebanese-born 
French heart specialist who 
has sought, but failed to 
secure, the release of M Seurat 
and the other three French 
hostages in three visits he 
made to Beirut last year. 

Yesterday’s caller seemed to 
insist on that point when he 
said: "We emphasize that the 
dispatch of any other media- 
tor than Raad will only com- 
plicate the problem.” 

Mystery also surrounded 
the mission of M Serge 
Boidevaix, the Deputy Secre- • 
laiy-General of the French 
Foreign Ministry, who was 

expected to arrive in Beirut as 
part of the French effort to 
break the negotiations im- 
passe and secure the release of 

the hostages. There was no 
explanation why M Boidevaix 
was not on board the Middle 
East Airlines jet from Paris 
that landed on Saturday. 

Lebanese authorities greet- 
ed instead Monsignor Acfaille 
Silvestrini, the Vatican’s 
“Foreign Minister”, who ar- 
rived in Beirut on a different 
mission: to try to revive the 
stalemated talks to end 
Lebanon’s decade-old civil 

Mgr Silvestrini is expected 
to hold talks with President 
Gemayel of Lebanon and 
President Assad of Syria. But 
his arri val came amid discour- 
aging signs. On Saturday a car 
loaded with explosives blew 
up near an office of Mr 
Gemayel’s Phalange Party in 
the Christian eastern sector of 
the capital, killing five civil- 

• TEL AVIV: An Israeli sol- 
dier and two guerrillas were 
killed yesterday in a clash in 
Israel's self-declared security 
zone in south Lebanon, a 
military spokesman said 
(Reuter reports). 

Delhi 9 § despair 
over Tamil crisis 

From Michael Hamlyn, Colombo 

freed fro 
Israel jail 

From Ian Murray 

Some 50 people being t 
m detention for suspet 
anti-Israeli activities have 
to be released in the past 
days because prisons in 
occupied territories are i 
ung out of space. 

There were about 200 
rests last week, after 
assassination of the Mayo; 
Nablus, of whom nearly 20] 
still being held, suspected 
finks with the Popular Ffj 
forthc Liberation of Pales 
(PFLPX which claimed 
sponsibility for the mun 
Pressure on space became 
g real prisoners had to 
boused in tents. 

There have been more t 
60 arrests in the Druse c< 
m unity in the annexed sect 
of the Golan Heights, aft< 
violent anti-Israeli dem 
stration during a visit bv 
Shimon Peres, the Prime IV 

At the weekend extra po 
were moved into this are: 
prevent demonstrations 
mar k the Baathist rue 
power in Syria. j 

Meanwhile, a significant] 
crease in the number of d< 
onstrations and attacks h 
been recorded since K 
Husain of Jordan announ 
he was ending political 
operation with the PLO. 

The scene for the diplomat- 
ic quarrel between India and 
Sri Lanka over the treatment 
of the Tamil population of the 
island republic shifted yester- 
day to Colombo, amid’grow- 
ing pessimism about the 
possibility of a solution to the 

The Indian High Commis- 
sioner to Sri Lanka. Mr J.N. 
Dixit, yesterday called on 
President Jayewardene to con- 
vey India's present anxieties 
and its assessment of the 

The President heard him 
patiently and, in response to a 
series of questions about the 
future of Indian shuttle-diplo- 
macy — which have appeared 
in the press -told him that the 
invitation to visit Sri Lanka to 
the senior rivikservant in the 
Indian External Affairs Minis- 
try, Mr Romesh Bhandari, 
was still open. 

"I interpret that to mean 
there 'wa$_ no major 

win a military solution and 
that uncomfortable political 
concessions to the Tamils are 
therefore unnecessary. 

In the Indian Parliament 
the Foreign Minister, Mr 
Baliram Bhagat, appeared to 
be accusing the Sri Lankans of 
something like genocide and 
allowed himself to seem to say 
that he was giving them a 
month to sort themselves out 

The response from Colom- 
bo was a bitter Note, accusing 
the Indians of pandering to 
parochial and partisan con- 
cerns. The Note, couched in 
the most undiplomatic terms, 
virtually accused Mr Bhagat of 
being a fool, and sneered at 
India's own h uman rights 

India's own Note in return, 
•was calmly fiiriou&The Indi- 
an Government thought the 
Note hardly "conducive to 
overcoming the ethnic crisis," 
and attacked the “totally un- 
necessary and callous killing 



i Hr, liiviiLo iViuinlWx JVlAicC-H 10 




Fj .?C\ 

UP 38% 

UP 89% 

In the last four years Guinness has been 
transformed both in the UK and internationally. 

We sell nearly 40 per cent of all the beer 
exported from the UK to overseas markets. 

We have successfully launched new products 

both at home and abroad. 

Alongside our core drinks business we have 

expanded in retailing and health care, both 
growth sectors linked by strong brand names 
with good consumer franchises. 

All this has resulted in our Company 
growing in value from £90 million to over £900 
million in the past four years. 

During that period our shareholders have 
reaped the benefit. 

Our earnings per share have increased by 169 
per cent and our share price has shown an almost 
six-fold increase. 

Proof indeed that Guinness should be good 
for Distillers. 


Guiraiess and Disrillers-More than just a merges. 

Gays may join Mounties 

From John Best. Ottawa 

Canadian civil servants men, is also lo be rescinded . 
would no longer have to retire the case of employees ■ 
at the age of 65, and women businesses which come und- 
would be given a wider role in federal government jurisdi 
the Canadian armed forces, tion. such as banks and iran 
under a new government pro- port and communicatioi 
gramme. companies. 

The programme could open More than a tenth of tl 
the way for homosexuals and Canadian workforce would 1 
lesbians to serve in the armed directly affected. But the ove 
forces and the Royal Canadi- ail effect could be much wide 
an Mounted Police, and The minister sidesieppe 
would extend voting rights to the question of whether won 
the mentally disabled. en should be admitted t 

Mr John Crosbie, Minister military combat roles: somi 
of Justice, announced the thing that feminist grouf 
sweeping changes in giving the have been campaigning Tor. 
Conservative Government’s Probably the most sensitii 
response to recommendations part of Mr Crosbie’s equalii 
on equality put forward last package was his pledge th; 
year by a parliamentary com- foe Government would mak 
mittee. "sexual orientation" a prohil 

They arc designed to bring ited ground of discriminate 
Canadian law into line with in arras of federal jurisdictior 
the charter of rights and This runs directly counte 
freedoms proclaimed in 1982 to the long-established polic 
as part of the new consxitu- of both the armed forces an 
lion. the national police to be 

The charter prohibits all homosexuals and to dismis 
discrimination based on race, ' hem lf they are discovered, 
national or ethnic origin, col- For their part, civil nght 
our, religion, sex. age, or advocates said they woul 
mental or physical disability, wait to sec the fine print of th 
Mr Crosbie said the Gov- legislation before making an 
ernment would act pronouncement, 
“immediately” to end manda- The forces and the RCM 
tory retirement at 65 in the may still argue for the right t 
Civil Service. exclude homosexuals on th 

The present rule, which ground that heterosexuality i 
applies to both women and an occupational requirement 

to a bandon bnding.“The can movement and raised 
barge would have been money for Irish prisoners, but 
to wrecked,” Mr Shea said. was staging a peaceful protest 
At this stage the Queen which the police had been 
raised herhands in a gesture of informed about: 
resignation to the reception . Reports of an assassination 
iR which - included Sir attempt on the Queen were 
M Dnnstan,' the Govcr- media sensationafism, he add- 
nor, and Mr John Hannon, the ed. ‘‘The IRA has said it is not 
state P remier, and the barge interested in extending its 
— !_ . military campaign to 

In high winds and heavy 
seas the Queen and Duke of 
Edinburgh were forced t: 
abandon a ceremonial landing 
from the royal yacht Britannia 
in South Australia yesterday 
as conditions threatened to group, 
dash their barge against the Donald 
arrival jetty. ■ 

The disruption, causing de- - . 

laysofuptothree hoursm the returned to Britannia. ..7 i , 

royal programme; wreaked The royal yacht then sailed Australia’ _ 
oavoc on the opening round of to a more protected port about fa the event, the royal 
engagemems for this final leg 10 miles to the north and foe couple missed the demoastra- 
of the royal visit to Australia— royal party, was. duty trans- tors as well as the traditional 
to attend celebrations markin g, ferred ashore where the Queen welcome, this ceremony being 
the state’s 150th anniversary, remarked to laughter ”Now I cancelled because of the -two- 
in the process, the royal a PPTOciaie what the. early set- hour delay in landing, 
couple managed to miss the ^ muSt have felt trying to Repents in the Australian 
first demonstration of the 8Pt ashore from open boats.” press yesterday claimed a 
Australian tour — by Irish Meanwhile, a crowd had major security operation had 
republicans. But despite the Sobered abort a mile from foe been launched, citing a memo- 
demonstration offic ials and ^Ienelg jetty for a ceremony randum from the Customs 
police were dismissive of re- J'toch was. to have got the Service which said: “Counter 
ports that a special security Sort* 3 Australian celebrations terrorist measures are being 
operation was under way be- °“ to 80 appropriate start. put in place for the duration of 
cause of fears of an IRA attack Here, where the first group the royal visit”, 

ou the Queen. - of English settlers had tended Federal police and security 

Britannia arrived off Ado- 3n proeknned the- sources said, however, that no 

lajde from Melbourne around “ ? e Qu ^ CT1 to special provisions bad been 

lunchtime Because of the meet “Ctr descendants and made for the royal visit and a 
heavy seas the royal barge v j report that one. suspect had 

made a number of trial runs J Haffan hour before she was actually been taken into custo- 
carrying officials to Glenete due m amve, a welcoming dy could not be confirmed, 
jetty during which it became some of them wearing Mr Shea raid there was no 

apparent that a landing would P^od costum^ were m pt«n- question of changing foe 
be a nerilfuw affair B uon, unaware of the difficimes schedule in response to foe 

at foe jetty.. report and foatwalkabouls 

^ So were foe dozen or so w£uld proceed. . 

S . demonstrators from a group ■ 

that m fop fece of a 20 knot railing itself “Australian aS • 
wind and a four-fool swell he foriretand” who joined the 

** crowd. One demonstrator car- • 
the landing be attempted. ned a mffin Hd with a 

As the royal barge polled photograph and the legend 
away from Britannia with the “Bobby freedom nght- 
Queen and the Duke aboard it er, murdered by British 

was swept against foe side, imperialism”. Another a _ 

shattering a section, of wood- picture of the Prince of Wales 
work. ' -in military uniform and the 

The danger became even- slogan “Charles Windsor, 
more obvious as it ap- honorary Deny butdte^*.- 
proached the jetty riding with A spokesman said the group - 

foe swell. It was.-foen decided was affiliated to foe • republi- . 

■S may ’ 
rathful - 
d . are 
rove a ai 
o riding l v 

aph is t 
onder « 
ng on 
iineri- fb 
n' the Jj 

iori of m 
ievice t 
! pres- -j 
i skin in 
liners z • 
tea a or 
>f re- co 
when ei 

Man of caution to 
lead left’s unions 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The left-wing trade mtiea relations with tire union from 
movement here has. a sew Signor Bettino Graxi, the 
leader is Signor Antonio Prone Minister. 

Pizzinato, variously described . ggn 54 je »js ago near 
by colleagues as being a ponfcnone in the north-east 
bulldozer aad as haring a face Signor Pizzinato was foe fost 
fashioned by a h atche t, but of seven children «f aa impov- 
vrith no known rices. erished -fiiarily that moved to 

Most of Ms cofeiftMs ad- Maannt^eanefr of wwk. 
mit that the is by He Parted .» r >>W 

to ttebiggot props* toft* 

country s trade umon move- ® 

meat has so far played his ®*ght school. He waa chosen 
cards very dose to his chesLln hy the Communist Party to 
fob he is foe epposite of his 

prede ces so r . Signor tjoann Soviet Unioa tar courses n 
Lama, who kftttrcleadership economics and sociology, 
of CGXL, foe Communist and This ex pe rie nce won him 
Socialist confederation, last foe reputation In Italy of being 
Tuesday after 16 years to work a Stalinist, although he points 
once more in foe Co mmun ist out that his time in Russia 
Party. coincided with Khrushchev's 

Signor L*l» ™s a emo- yya toc,. Q« rto»^ to 
tional a»n ml an orator of movemort ih 

star quality- Signor Pizzinato 
is fota and Sbe as an 

orator, tot j mu whose ™^ d 5 to 7 ly : jr , . . ; ^ 
genuinely humble origins He went to Milan to become 

B ... . ■ _ , i , - z ImJu of #Ko UfLaiim imuui 


The Italian Government is 
faring a number of requests 
for an inquiry into foe affairs 
of Opus Dei, foe religions 
organization ranch favoured 
by the Pope, which has been 
accused of using secretive 

One of foe strongest de- 
mands for action wffl come in 
a statement to be published 

today by Signor Raw Formi- 
ca, leader of foe Socialist Party 
group in foe Chamber of 

He calls on ministers to ask 
all high officials in ths pubhc 
service to declare that they do 
not belong to secret societies. 
Then be wants the Sooahst- 
led Government to “conduct a 
far-reaching inquiry into what 
this organization is” . 

At foe same time foe Com- 
munists and a group of ten- 
uring independents have P® 
down similar demands in 
written pariimanetary ques- 

Leaders of Opus Dei deny 
that it is a secret oiganistion. 
Its British counterpart ran 
into similar a^usaUOTS 
years ago. 

Hume, foe Archbis hop 
Westminster, had to 

Thailand has accused foe 
Co mmunis t Government of 
neighbouring Laos of bong 
actively involved in foe pro- 
duction and trading of opium 

and heroin, y 

Squadron Leader Prasong 
Soonsiri, tito Thai national 
security (AieC said, it haw! 
become an important part of 
Laotian economic policy. He 
referred to a resolution passed 

at a recent meeting of foe' 
C omm unist Partywhich men- 
tioned that the three principal 
expends were coffee, resfoand 

Squadron Leader Prasong 
claimed that Laos was sending 
opium and heroin to Hanoi to 
help foe Vietnamese econo- 
my, and that the Laotians 
were attempting to take ad- 
vantage of the decline in 
production from foe “Golden 
jd by anti-drug 
Thailan d and 

cam paigns m 


He said opium was being 
grown at slate forms in Nam 
Tba, Udomchai, Luang 
Prabang, Xiengkhoang .. and 
Sayaboury provinces. 

Reports that the Laotian 
Government is directly en- 
gaged in foe drugs trade have 
001 been confirmed by the 
United States, , whose drug 
enforcement agents collect m- 
tdligenc e in the area. 

However, the- State 
Department’s annual- Teport 
on narcotics, released last 
month, said opium produc- 
tion in Laos was now 50 to 100 
tons aycar. 

Opus Dei 

Thais say 
Laos in 





m Peter Nu 



drug trade 

nWNetl Kelly 


Man of 

and steel 

1 ... or how Richard Rogers, the schoolboy 

who couldn’t spell or draw, became Britain’s 

most radical and renowned modern architect 

The winning 
design of 
the decade 

Richard and Su Rogers was to 
continue as a practice in-spite of 
the break up of the partners' 
marriage. They had three children 
but. by 1969, it had become dear 
that the marriage -was over. Roger 
had fallen in love with Ruth Elias, 
an American graphic designer, 
studying in London. . 

It was a model of a civilized 
separation- They continued to 
work together while, gradually, 
two homes were established — 
Ruth with Rogers and Su with the 
architect John Miller and the three 
boys. : 

By 1971 the practice had been 
joined by the Italian architect 
Tenzo Piano. They entered a 
competition for a new arts centre 
in Paris without the slightest hope 
of winning. Rogers was, in any 
case, violently opposed as he fell 
the job smacked ofjust the sort of 
establishment politics he most 

Entries had to be posed no later 
than June IS and, just before 
midnight oa that day, one of the 
staff, Marco Goldschmied, was 

BELOW: Family scene (from 
left) Ben, Rogers, JRoo, Ah, 
Roth and Zad in Paris 

dispatched to the all-night post 
office at -Trafalgar Square io ?»« 
the drawings, where they 
rejected as too tong. Goldschmiea 
cut them down on the spot- They 
turned up a i the office 36 hours 
later marked “insufficient 
postage". Goldschmied lore 
round to the post office and 
demanded a backdated post raark. 
They compromised and ga^c him 
a smudged one. Theft the French 
lost all the English entries. "Forget 
it, sweetie, it’s a ■ loser . s^Jd 
Resets to Ruth when. she told nun 
of the latest disaster. But the 
entries were discovered in a 
locked room soon afterwards. 

A month later they received a 
phone call telling them they had 
been ohosen front 681 entries from 
around the. world, to build the 
Pompidou . Centre on the 
Beaubourg Plateau in Paris. 

Rogers and Ruth went over that 
night, and the nfcxl d&y’Su and 
John Miller arrived in Paris . They 
had .won the .mas?-,,- important 
architectural commission, of the 
decade with a . design so radical 
that nobody even knew whether it 
could be built. Fora weekend they 
were the heroes of Paris — meeting 
the President and being bitterly 
resented by the French profession 
who had assumed the prize would 
gp to one of them. 

But Su realized she could have 
no part in it. In the ’ midst of the 
dashes from . parties to press 
conferences to meetings she made 
up her. mind. She resigned from 
ihe practice and returned to 
London with JohhMiBcr. - 

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I n 1938 the five-year-old 
Richard Rogers suddenly 
left a life of aristocratic 
wealth in Italy for the 
drabber surroundings of 
Bays water in central 
Londou.As Italy had drifted to- 
wards war. his father. Nino, who 
held a British passport, decided to 
emigrate to England. 

They arrived in the autumn. 
Nino had managed to smuggle out 
£800 but it was an emergency fund 
he would not touch. They moved 
into digs in Bayswater. Nino took 
Rogers to a local nursery school, 
attempting to teach him English as 
they walked back and forth, while 
Dada, his mother, walked to 
Notting Hill and Holland Park io 
an unhappy attempt to find views 
to match those they had left 
behind in Florence. 

Finally they settled in Epsom 
and Rogers began his education a> 
Kingswood House primary 
SchooL It was a disaster. On his 
first night he was beaten for using 
school towels to make a bed for his 
teddy bear. The beatings contin- 
ued as he seemed unable to make 
the slightest progress with bis 
academic work. 

In fa cl he was severely dyslexic, 
a disability neither understood 
nor acknowledged at the time. He 
was assumed to be lazy and 
ineducable by all but his parents. 
They could not believe their son 
was anything but immensely tal- 
ented. He was subjected to extra 

Going underground: Che team 
in Paris at the building site 
excavated for the Be&ubourg 

tuition and finally to a crammer in 
Sutton. It was just about enough to 
push him through the common 
entrance exam and he won a place 
at St John's School. Leatherhcad. 

Once again, however, the En- 
glish education system seemed to 
overwhelm him. One teacher told 
Dada and Nino that he could 
perhaps become a policeman in 
South Africa. Higher education 
was out of the question. 

So, in 1951, Rogers began his 
National Service with little hope 
for the future. His first year was 
predictably disastrous. But mirac- 
ulously in his second year he was 
posted to the British garrison at 
Trieste. He rediscovered Italy and. 
most important of all he met 
Emesto Rogers again, his father’s 
cousin and one of Italy's most 
influential architects. 

After a few visits to Ernesto's 
Milan studio he determined to 
become an architect. He returned 
to England in 1953 to start a 
preliminary course at Epsom Art 
College and won a place at the 
Architectural Association. 

Again his education went wildly 
wrong. His written work was as 
bad as ever but. even more 
damaging, he could not draw. His 
attempts were frequently incom- 

prehensible and he resorted to 
employing his girlfriend to draw 
his ideas for him. Again his 
teachers despaired. 

In his final year, however, 
something clicked New. more 
sympathetic tutors began to 
glimpse an unusual talent beneath 
all the problems of technique. He 
left as a star pupil with the fifth- 
year prize for a scheme he had 
produced for a school for handi- 
capped children in Wales. 

For a year he worked 
unproductively for a local author- 
ity and then, with his new wife Su 
Brumwell he left to take a one- 
year Masters course at Yale. 

His architectural horizons sud- 
denly expanded. He went on vast 
field trips to see all the houses of 
Frank Lloyd Wright and every 
American building by Mies van 
der Rohe. He came in contact with 
the American giants of the time 
like Louis Kahn and Paul Ru- 
dolph and. most important of all, 
he teamed up with Norman 

By (963 they were back in 
England and a practice was estab- 
lished consisting of Su and Rogers, 
Foster and two sisters, Wendy and 
Georgie Cheeseman. both former 
girlfriends of Rogers. The work 
rate was furious and a kind of 
insanity prevailed in their Hamp- 
stead office. Georgie left in dis- 

Their very first project — a row 

m . h -' 

of three houses in Murray Mews, 
Camden Town — nearly resulted 
in Rogers leaving the profession 
for good. They had employed the 
cheapest builder they could find 
and everything went wrong. One 
of the clients visited the site with 
Rogers and gestured at some 
material on the floor. “What do 
you think that that is V he asked. 

“A damp-proof course" said Rog- 
ers. The client picked the stuff up. 
It was newspaper painted black. 

But with a house for his father- 
in-law. Marcus Brumwell; in 
Creek Vean. Cornwall, the team 
got into its stride. The house won 
an award 

Then they were asked to build 

Reliance Controls, a factory in 
Swindon. They had no time and 
very little money. They decided to 
use steel instead of the traditional 
“wet trades” and they built off- 
the-shelf using standard industrial 
components. Reliance was a tri- 
umph and became one of the most 
influential industrial buildings of 
its time. 

• But the partnership was collaps- 
ing. There was not enough new 
work and the ability of Foster and 
Rogers to work together had been 
exhausted. Team 4 broke up. 

Rogers formed a new practice with 
Su and they struggled by with a 
cult following among students but 
precious little work until 1971 — 

LEFT: Sn with Rogers after 
their arrival in America far 
his year at Yale university 

Italy in 

As the building of the Pompidou 
Centre came to an’end-in 
became dear that Rogers had 
exhausted yet another partner- 
ship, Just as he had once found he 
could no longer work with Nor- 
man Foster, now the possibilities 
of cooperation with Kano seemed 
to have vanished. 

But the Pompidou Centre had 
proved such an extraordinary 
building with its vast steel struc- 
ture ana exposed air-conditioning 
ducts that nobody seemed to think 
of employing Rogers to building 
anything else. 

But with . Rogers onee again 
about to give up architecture in 
favour of teaching and his partner. 
John Young, considering becom- 
ing a mini-cab driver, they won. 
against all the odds, the competi- 
tion for the new Lloyd's building 
in London. 

It was a commission of stagger- 
ing scale — its final cost was to be 

£170m and it was to become the 
biggest private sector construction 
project m Britain. . : . ' 

It was a brave step for ; an 
institution like Lloyd's and doubts 
about the scheme were to emerge 
continually over the years of the 
project. Everybody assumed the 
lifts Rogers designed for the 
exterior of tbe building would leak 
until John Young took Lloyd's 
men to the Saint Francis Hotel in 
San Francisco where there "were 
similar lifts. 

They even grew suspicidus’fhat 
it was taking so long to build - 
American 1 blocks' went up itrhrilf 
the time. But; as one American 
speculative buSder commented 
when he was' shown the {dans: 
“Dai ain’t building, dat*s —ing 

But Sir Peter Green and 
Courtenay Bfackmore of Lloyd's 
never wavered mid Rogers got the 
building be wanted. It is an image 
of circulation, of movement and 
of city life. It contrasts sharply 
with the "grey," closed world at 
England in 1938, But it matches 
precisely the shining, living; pub- 
lic worid be bad known before He 
had rebuilt Italy. v: 

Bryan Appteyard 

Richard Rogers: a 

Bryan Appleyard is published on 
March 17 by Faber 4 Faber at 

■aphy by 
'ished on 

© Bryw Apptoyant.1966 

Fighter who came down from the hills 


I Help is a large wort) in our vocabulary. 

■ More than ever we depend on voluntary giving to 
m house our growing family of elderly people In MHA 
I residential Homes and Sheltered Housing. Our target 
is for more than 2000 places for old people by the early 
B 1990s. This means a busier-than-ever building 
I programme toprovideal! the extra places. And that 
m costs money. To put it in a nutshell we need El every 15 

It is not often that guerrilla 
commanders are invited to 
Downing Street fora chat with 
the Prime Minister. Mrs 
Thatcher has an aversion to 
the use of violence for political 
aims which is why her minis- 
ters keep their distance from 
the African National Congress 
and ihe Palestine Liberation 

But Abdul Haq is different 
He is an Afghan resistance 
fighter in the tradition of the 
French maquis who is strug- 
gling to liberate his country 
from an invasion force of 
almost 120.000 Soviet troops. 
Although the men under 
Haq's command may some- 
times use brutal tactics — such 
as assassinations, sabotage or 
bombs in airports — they are 
fighting a ruthless enemy who 
has killed tens, possibly, hun- 
dreds of thousands of Afghans 
with bombs, bullets, rockets 
and napalm. 

Haq. a member of the Hezbi 
Islami guerrilla faction, leads 
about 5.000 men operating 
around Kabul. His last major 
offensive, just after Christ- 
mas. was to coincide with the 
sixth anniversary of the Soviet 

Militarily the operation was 
of questionable value, but it 
was a major propaganda suc- 
cess. “We hit the airport We 
hit the Soviet embassy and 

^ The games's 
fair in 

Country Life 

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Own try Life. 


. 01-261 5401. > 

The Prime Minister 
will receive an 
Afghan resistance 
leader tomorrow 
at Number 10 

some people were killed. We 
hit the Soviet army headquar- 
ters in the Afghan defence 
ministry and we set off bombs 
in government buildings**, 
Haq said over tea in a luxury 
London hotel. 

He explained ibat although 
the mujahideen, as the Afghan 
guerrillas are known, control 
most of the countryside, “we 
must show the Russians and 
their followers that they are 
not secure even in the 

Haq, aged 28. has been 
fighting since he was 16, years 
before the Soviet invasion in 
1979. He first took up arms 
against the government of 
President Mohammad 
Daoud. whom he fell was too 
pro-Communisi and who al- 
lowed the Russians to estab- 
lish a toehold in Afghanistan. 

After participating in four 
attempts to overthrow the 
Daoud regime he was arrested 
and sentenced to death, but 
was spared because he was 
under 18. When Daoud was 
overthrown, Haq's family 
managed to secure his release 
in the time-honoured fashion 
by bribing the new authorities 
with the equivalent of £3,000. 
Haq made his way to Paki- 
stan, joined the mujahideen 
and has been fighting ever 
since, mainly around Kabul 
and Nangarhar. 

Haq, broad-chested and 
bearded, looks the classic 
Hollywood image of a guerril- 
la leader. But his eyesi despite 
a ready smile, reveal the 

anguish of a man who has seen 
his countrymen being killed 
and maimed, tbeir homes 
destroyed, their crops razed. 

Physically the war has taken 
its toU. He looks far older than 
his years. He has been wound- 
ed 14 times: one bullet nar- 
rowly missed his heart. On 
another occasion he was taken 
to a hospital in West Germany 
to have shrapnel removed 
from his head. His wounds 
still cause him pain. 

Although he talks about tbe 
mujahidin's need for more 
add better weapons, he has not 
lost hope that one day his 
country will be free. But he 
concedes that that day is a 
long way off. “This war has -a 
long future”, he sadly ob- 

Neither side at the moment 
has the capacity for outright 
victory. The Russians have 
been trying to secure their 
hold over cities like Kabul by 
carrying out a scorched earth 
policy in the surrounding 
countryside, sometimes using 
“Spetznaz” special troops to 
cany out search-and-destroy 
raids. “They know that guer- 
rillas depend on local inhabit- 
ants for food, support and 
information, so they have 
been tiding to drive them 
from their homes. Thousands 
have been forced lo flee”, he 

He conceded that the Rus- 
sians had succeeded in making 
the mujahideen's task more 
difficult. “But we are still 
hitting them", he aid. “In the 
long run they cannot win 
because very few people sup- 
port them." He predicted that 
the government of President 
Babrak Karmal, which 
“invited" the Russians into 
Afghanistan in 1979. would 
collapse if they now tried to 

The guerrillas* main prob- 
lem was how to deal with 

Rebel with a cause: Abdul Haq, fighting since the age of 16. ‘This war has a long future* 
Soviet helicopter gunships. I - • 1 . . • - - - . ‘ ' r 


“They are using helicopters 
like tanks, like trucks, like 
armoured personnel carriers. 
They attack us with them, 
they move their troops and 
supplies around in . them. 
We’ve only got machine guns 
to use against them." 

Haq insisted be would not 
be asking Mrs Thatcher for 
arms. So for, British support 
for the Afghan guerrillas has, 
been limited to humanitarian 
aid, and this is unlikely to 
change. He will, however, tell 
her that, in his view,' only 
force will rid his country of the 
Russians. This will riot be 
achieved by United Nations- 
sponsored “proximity” talks 
in Geneva but by fighting hi 
the. hills and valleys of Af- 

Nicholas Ashford 

■ KB 


1 Make sense (5, 2) 
4 Hard worker (7) 
8 Little (5) 

10 Inactive \8) 

11 ■ Clarified bailer ( 4 ) 
13 Revival (11) 

17 Voting (4) 

18 Linking road (81 ; 

21 Pasta squares (7)’ 

22 Midaria (5). 

23 Woot£u(.7) 

24 Perpendicular^; 

1. Rappel (6) 

2 AAkb(5) 

3 Sumptuous (8} * V»?id(7) 

4 Pushiness (4.9) - - '7 Cannabis dgareo 

5 Promiscuous gather- 12 Anonymous (8) 

ii»(4) , ' 14 Euvigonue(7) 


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A w » / uw 


In an exclusive interview. Princess Michael talks about style, design and fashion 

for the royal life 

As the mternatioTial 
collections open in 

Anthony Crickmay 

Milan, Princess Michael 
tells Snzy Menkes about 
her passion for the 
sharp-edged, sleek 
Italian style 

rrocess Michael of Kent says:“I 
am'* very big girl God made me 
very tan anagave toe big bones. 
And I am not going to go around 
aE my fife crymgaboutit/The flamboy- 
ant Princess's thi« week mairing a very 
public statement about her style. She is 
in Italy for the collections; last night she 
was at the Ferre show and tonight 
a t t e nds a dinner the designer gives inner 

“My ideas on fashion are within the 
framework of my life. They are not a 
philosophy for evexyone^, she an- * 
nounced when I talked to her at 
Kensington Palace last week. 

“Just as I look at a house and deal with 
the problem of covering the windows, so 
for myself I do an exterior job on the 
skeleton I have been given.” ‘ 

- The Princess is interested in interior 
design, worked in ft professionally before 
her marriage and has just taken ooa role 
. as art buyer for* London gallery. 

* She uses design metaphors: her outfits 
must be in proportion like the pelmets to 
her curtains; 4*e chooses both dothes: 
and the gfrzesfor foe drawing room walls 
to last - ••• 

■■ “Give me * monstrous Victorian 
house and T think I . can tam it into' a 
thing ofbeanty^ she says. “ When I have 
a problem I knowhow I can deal with it 
in design”. She even worked out a fight 
switch in the Regency mode for the 
Palace walls.' 

“ I am in my. head a designer 
manquee”, she explains- “Shapes inter- 
est me. To dress a sofa is the same 
challenge as dressing a It is quite a 

lexical progression.” 

The son is pale buff and the lady 
dresses, on this first day of spring, in 
primrose yellow — a pleated skirt and 
bow-neck sweater, a pearl and diamond 
chokra and a cation fuzz of blond hair 
. around her shoulders. Outside the sky is 
’ porcelain blue and so are the watered silk 
walls and the pale armorial carpet . 

“I live in the eighteenth centnry in my 
mind", says Princess Michael “I see my 
whole life as a cu ltiv a tion of taste. If I 
were asked what is the objective of my 
life — leaving apart rijy husband and my 
children — I would say it was to improve 
the quality of my life, intellectually, 
culturally and in the way I choose to 

T hat life is played out in the 
private apartments at the back 
of the 'Kensington Royal com- 
pound and in the country- in' 
Gloucestershire, where Princess Michael 
> says that die enjoys riding and being 
with her children Frederick anriEHa. She 
is also passionate about gardening. She is 
not, she says, obsessed with fashion, or 
interested m where hems are or what 
colour is “in’*. Taste (“a key word in my 
life”) and proportion are the governing 
fectors for furnishings or dress. 

“1 want a harmonious feeling. I don't 
want people to say *what lovely curtains’, 
but Svhat a lovely feefing my hostess has 
created in this room*. They mustn't say 
‘she was wearing a wonderful coat or 
hat*, but that ‘she looked wonderful*.” 

^ 'Yw« 

A . .. 

■■ •• 

iv,,;*!.-**'- ■& 

& - •* 

*• . - •* - • • 


Prince mid Princess Michael: The best-dressed man in England In his style 1 

“They!’ Tare, of course, the public. 
Princess Michael does , not have an. 
official role in the Royal Family,' nor 
- public funds to dictate that she should 
buy British, as she firmly states. . 

. “I have noUmig against British 
Hnthty, but I am a foreign person I 
have a foreign shape” she says. “I am 
alronrt a hypocrite. I wear for if the ani- 
mal is bred — and fated is important —to 
keep me warm in sub-zero temperatures. 
.1 also chase foxes on horses. And 1 don’t 
believe in buying British if British isn't 
good enough- ” 

Other members of die Royal Family 
may wear mink , hunt and have a 
Hanoverian bosom. Bnt ever since Ion) 
M e l bo urne told a frustrated young 
Queen Victoria that she was obliged to 
. dress British, and particularly' since the 
arrival of the stylish young Princess of 
Wales; the Royal Family has conspiar- 
ously dressed British —at least in public 
So-doos Prince® Michael Shecites the^ 
Emanuels (“and 1 was the first in the 
family to mid them”), Victor Edristein 
and Jan- Van Veklen as personal 
favourites. She admires the grace and 
imagination of Patricia Lester. She has 
occasionally worn Bruce OkffiekL “But I 
consider them all to be dressmakers” 
she sv|«.-“This is not going to win me 
any mends, bat there is a difference 
between couture and designer dothes. 
The British dothes are attractive, but 
they are meant to have a temporary life.” 

It is a far cry from Audrey Hepburn's 
cast-off haute couture dresses, which die 
young Marie-Christine von Reibnitz 
inherited and let out for hersd£ 
unpicking four interiinings of silk organ- 
za, learning exacting standards in the 
process. . 

She exempts Jean Muir from ha- polite 
but firm comments about the standards 
of British make: “For my opinion — 
although not for my own taste — she is 
the greatest designer in this country. She 
is totally at home with shape, structure . 

6 I am 41 
years old. If I 
am not sure 
by now of my 
own taste pity 

help me! V 

and* seaming.” -The Princess wears for 
many official occasions. Hardy Amies:' 
“He makes better women’s tailoring on 
coats and jackets than you can get out of 
the young designers.” But her fashion 
heart has gone out to Gianfranco Ferre, 
the shy, perfectionist Italian designer, 
whose dothes she buys from his London 
boutique. Ferre, who was trained as an 
architect, makes spare, ample clothes in 
luxurious materials. 

“If I had to say a designer whose 
dothes I am most comfortable in, ft is 
Ferre. He is an architect and I under- 
stand his designs” she says. 

Princess Michael looks striking in 
Ferre's sculptural red jacket (“The first 
time I have worn red. My preferred 
colours are usually shades of grey.”) She 
looks much less than her 41 yean in a 
curvy sweater embroidered in gold at its 
neck, or in a column of Mack silk with a 
deep sweep of embroidery at the back. 

She wore that last autumn to the 
London show of Gianni Versace, whose 
dothes die also admires. She likes, she 

Princess Michael of Kent wearing her favourite Ferro sweater with gilded embroidery 

says, the slick, modem sharp eHgp of 
Italian design. Whilst English clothes are 
about colour and detail, I talian dothes 
are about “line”. She admires too the 
rangy, sporty quality of American de- 
signers who also seem sympahetic to her 
large frame. 

Princess Michael speaks of the discreet 
charm of the shoulder pad in changing 
the female silhouette. 

“You can be fragile with large 
shoulders”, she says. “Iam very keen on 
femininty, even though I am six foot and 
have large bones.” 

Prince Michael enthusiastically sup- 
ports her Italian image, and considers it 
the most successful of the styles she has 
created. He appreciated, says the Prin- 
cess, an earlier image of small waisted 
crinoline ball gowns. (“If I had been 
around when Dior created the New 
Look, that would have been right for 
me” she says.) 

“My husband’s reactions interest me. I 
always show him new clothes. 1 think he 

is the best dressed man m England in his 
style. He inherited it from his own lather. 
The late Duke of Kent designed a lot of 
things. He was the only oqe of Queen 
Mary’s children who had a love of 
beautiful objects. He was really the 
creator of Princess Marina's style. When 
‘she arrived in England she was decidedly 
dowdy. It was under his guidance that 
she became a fashion Princess.” 

H er husband approves of Prin- 
cess Michael's Italian clothes, 
and they form the kernel of her 
wardrobe. “Bui I don't want to 
be disloyal to English designers. I shall 
continue to wear English clothes”, she 

Old dothes are retired to the country, 
where she wears “jeans, comfy jerseys 
and lots of shins” as weD as the khaki fa- 
tigues that she acquired on her late 
father’s farm in Africa. 

Princess Michael's role as a latter-day 
Princess Marina has been affected by the 
arrival in the family of “a dazzlingly 

beautiful teenager", who broke the 
fashion mould set in the 1950s and hard 
glazed by royal mothers-in-law. 

The hat that Princess Michael wore to 
the royal wedding was copied from a 
photograph of Princess Marina, whose 
serene elegance is framed in silver round 
the drawing room. But Princess Michael 
has struggled on her own, with no family 
guidance, to create an image. There are a- 
few Hungarian relatives, she says, “run- 
ning around” dressed in her mistakes. ■ 
“ It took me a long time to discover my 
look and my sty le”, she says. “I think r 
now have it in my houses and my 
clothes. I am 41 years old. If I am not 
sure by now of my own taste, pity help 


Suzy Menkes on how the 
Italian collections are 
returning to form and fit - 

Bossed about, blissfully 

a. The olher weekend,;! went to 

of one of Granada’s senes 
Hypothetical*. These are pro- 
grammes where a panel of. 
experts is asked to mate, 
weighty decisions about seri- 
ous social issues — in tins 
case, AIDS. 

This would not have been a 
’Very humor ou s scenario had it 
not been for the programme’s 
mo dera to r. P rofe ssor Arthur 
Milter of Ibe Harvard Law 
School. Although Professor 
Milter grew up in Brooklyn 
and now lives in Boston, he zs 
pure Hollywood, from the top 
i A of his burnished giry he al to 
the tops of his twmknflg 
toecaps. Think of Water 
Matthau crossed with Gene 
KeBy with justa looch of John 
Travolta and you will have the 
professor to the fife. 

Even when engage d in so me 
heavy-going questioning of 
doctors as to whether they 

would tell the wife of a patient 
who had AIDS that die might 
be at risk, the professor bad 
such an aura of .Those! Town 
tint, at any moment, I expect- 
ed him to leap on So the 
leather-topped table and cre- 
me a tap dance among the 





It made for a _ . 
gramme, which w31 

fiviog-room near yon nt-May. 

It was refreshing to get out 
of the studio (the ballroom of 
Chester's Grosvenor Hotel, in 
feet), where Professor Miller 
was producing moral dflem- 
toas as fast as a conjurer 
snatches streams of coloured 
handkerchiefs oat of thin air, 

into the rest of the hold where 
no dUemmas, moral or other- 
wise, had to be freed. _ o 

Granada had so organized 
things that one was told what 
to do and where to go from 
dawn to dusk. It did not 


done* aradtan OtOuOaoD . Dw0 ‘ 1 



escape my notice that this 
turned out to be Miss not rally 
forme, whose middle name is 
inderisiveness, but for all fire 
doctors, lawyers and politi- 
cians who had recently been 
so unding off on civil liberties 
and the role of the media in 
the hotel ballroom. - 
Everyone, including 
Gale, pundit from the - 
Express, and Dr John Ha 1 
file bead of the British Medi- 
cal Association, loved bong 
bustled on to a coach to visit 
the Lady Lever Art Gallery at 
Fort Sunlight, bustled bade on 

S and-given a d e h d ous 
without haying to go 
through the amriety-ridden 
business of selecting ft from a 

Yetj.’ according to a recent 
American Express survey, 
these are the very people who 
snootily decline to go on 
package-deal holidays and, 
presumably, insist on seeing to 
all the arrangements them- 
selves, including making the 
bookings for the wrong car 
ferry and ordering something 
disgusting for lunch in Madrid 
becansetney are too proud to 
admit that they are not famil- 
iar with the Spanish for pig’s 

it does seem odd that die 
decision-making classes, 
whose holiday priority should 
be the chance to behave fike a 
spaced-out zombie, put value 
fra money first while those 
who spend their wanting lives 
being bossed about toss their 
money about buying more 
bossiness from couriers and 
redcoats and tour operators. 

The British pro fe ss io nal 
classes have a compulsive 
need to be in charge of their 
every arrangement 
This refusal to pay for other 
people to take the tedium out 
of life means that we will 
[ never get the services that 
other nations take for granted. 
A New York businesswoman 

in search of a new wardrobe 
has only to ring up a depart- 
ment store to have a fashion 
co-ordinator scuttle around 
selecting everything she needs 
down to tights and knickers, 
so that the only decision she 
las to make is which credit 
card to use to pay for it afi. 

British working women 
would never take to it Unless 
they spend half of Saturday 
trekking around Oxford Street 
until they are half dead with 
exhanstion and the frustration 
of finding that the only suit in 
the colour that brings out their 
eyes is not available in their 
size, they feel that they are not 
doing their bit 

This is nothing but arro- 
gance. We would all have a 
much better time if we real- 
ized that the sweetest words in 
the language come from the 
lips of someone else saying, 
“I'D take care of that Just 
leave it to me ” 

• Colvin Klein has called his 
newest perfume Obsession be- 
cause, says Robin H Burns, 
the president of the Calvin 
Klein Cosmetics Corporation : 
"Today, women are obsessed. 
They’re obsessed with diets, 
obsessed with careers, obsessed 
with equality, obsessed with 
marriages , obsessed with 
bringing up their children.” 

Now what Miss Bums says 
may be true, bull thought that, 
scent wasn’t meant to repre- 
sent real life but to give women 
a chance to buy a fragrant 
fantasy. Hence names like 
”L‘. Amour, L‘ Amour”, “Rive 
Gauche " and Estee Lauder’s 
new perfume, ", Beautiful ". 

Those whose lives are grimly 
driven may not like to be 
reminded of the fact every time 
they catch a whiff of 
"Obsession" I wish someone 
would invent a perfume just for 
us. called ” Calm Down” or 
" Stay Cool " or even 

The birth pains of a career 

Going back to work after 
haring a baby is not always 
easy. Apart from the emotion- 
al issues — the guilt many 
mothers feel about leaving 
their child — there are the 
practical problems of making 
alternative, affordable ar- 
rangements for childcare. As a 
result, many women who coaid 
retain to work do not do so. 

A study carried out in 1979 
by the Policy Studies In s titu te 
for the Department of Employ- 
ment found that although one 
in two women bad the right to 
go back to work after materni- 
ty leave, only one in 10 did so, 
and, of these, only a third 
re t u rned to the same job, 
working the same hours. 

Beta more recent report, by 
Incomes Date Services, says 
there are signs that the situa- 
tion is changing- A survey of 
office staff by Alfred Marks, 
for instance, showed that 155 
per cent of women returned to 
work after maternity leave in 
1983, and by 1985 the figure 
had jumped to 31 per cent 

Even so, the working mother 
can feel beleaguered and iso- 
lated and that is one reason 
why the Working Mothers 
Association . was formed last 
year. Hilary Kaminer, * hB- 
time lecturer in English, who 
has three children, Gabriel, 6, 
Joshua, 3, and Raphael, 2, is 
the chairwoman. 

She says: “One of ©nr aims 
Is to provide moral support 
and information to women, 
partiadariy in that crucial 
period jnst before they go back 
to work. That can be a very 
anguished time, especially 
when you are trying to find 
someone else to care for year 

The association has just 
published a comprehensive 
guide to help women ju^fe the 
demands ofa family and a paid 
job. The Working Mothers 
Handbook carers all the 

Lee Rodweil reports on a group that 
helps mothers to juggle the demands of 
a young family and a return to work 

childcare alternatives — from 
nurseries and nannies to 
creches and childminders — 
giving an idea of relative costs 
and helping women make the 
best choice fra them and their 

The association also aims tt 
promote the interests and 
welfare OF children of working 
mothers and plans to cam- 
paign on Issues affecting these 
poops, including the prori- 
skm of childcare facilities. 

It grew out of an expanding 
network of local working 
mothers’ groups — many of 
them part of, or developed 
from, existing National Child- 
birth Trust groups. At present 
there are more than 30 of these 
groups, which offer support at 
a local leveL 

Any mother who is working, 
st udy ing or plaguing ti) return 
to work after taking time off to 
have children, can join the 
association. Membership 
costs £3 a year and members 
get a quarterly newsletter. 
Working mothers can be put in 
touch with their nearest group 
or be given information ou bow 
to set up their own. 

The newsletter has sogges- 
od bow to cope with 
school age dtOdren. covers the 
formalities (things like a writ- 
ten conditions of service, tax 
and national insurance) and 
indudes personal accounts 

from some working mothers. 

These dispatches from the 
front line fflustrate quite well 
both the advantages and dis- 
advantages of different forms 
of care. 

Marion Cooper, a research- 
er and write with a two-year- 
old son and another baby 

expected soon was one of the 
founder members of file Work- 
ing Mothers Association. She 
says: “We hope the handbook 
wul be of real nse to many 

“Working mothers want to 
know how to find the best child 
care for their particular child 
in their particular circum- 
stances, and it isn't easy. Even 
interviewing childminders or 
would -be nannies can be hard 
if — like most women — you 
have never had to interview 
people fra jobs before.” 

Marion works part-time and 
shares a nanny with another 
working mother. like other, 
members of the association 
she is keen for women to 
explore the various ways that 

work and motherhood can be 
balanced. f 

She says: “If we pool out 
information, then mothers can 
go to their employers and 
suggest returning to work in a 
different way, armed with the 
knowledge that other women 
have negotiated these kind of 
deals and made them work. It 
is possible. A lot of employers 
are waking np to the fret that 
if women don't return to work 
after having a baby, they are' 
losing a valuable resource. Ttf 
a certain extent we are pushing 
on an open door.” 

0TAe Working Mothers 
Handbook, price £2 inc p&p, is' 
available from the Working 
Mothers Association, c/o 167„ 
Fentiman Road, London SW8.; 

•For details about the associ- 
ation or membership pi ease; 
write (with sae) to*. The Work- 
ing Mothers Association, 7. 
Spencer Walk, Putney, Lon- 
don SwlS I PL. 

The temperature 
in Cornwall 
day is 82° F 

Montego Bay is In Cormrafl. 
jamaica. And right now its warmer 
than Coma-all, England. 

For the Jamaica Information Pack, 
f write to: Jamaica Tourist Board. 
’ 50 StJames's St. London 
SVYlAlJT. I ot-JW 1707*. 




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Princess Michael of Kent is bead- 
ing for yet another unpleasant 
controversy: the art establishment 
is privately accusing her of a 
conflict of interest as both a 
trustee of the Victoria and Albert 
and now a director of the 
MacConnal-Mason commercial 
art gallery. I am told that respected 
dealers and museum experts are 
incensed and plan to challenge her 
to give up one post Colonel 
Farmer, the Princess's spokesman, 
would not comment but refereed 
me to MacCon nal- Mason. The 
accusation comes only weeks after 
the V & A’s director. Sir Roy 
Strong, resigned as an adviser to 
another commercial gallery, the 
Weiss in Mayfair. Despite denials 
of a conflict by Sir Roy, the arts 
magazine Apollo went on to accuse 
him of “heedlessly flouting 1 ' a 
serious principle. Ironically, 
Apollo called on the museum 
trustees, among them Princess 
Michael, to issue a “coherent and 
convincing statement about the 
whole undignified affair.” 


The aviation magazine Fly Past is 
offering readers the “flight of a 
lifetime” as the prize in a com- 
petition to mark the fiftieth 
anniversary of the Spitfire. The 
aircraft? The two-seater Spitfire 
which crashlanded ai Eastleigh 
during last week's celebrations. 

No Sir 

A knighthood was mooted for 
Today proprietor Eddy Shah after 
the Warrington dispute, I learn. 
But he made it known be would 
refuse before Downing Street 
could make an official approach. 
Shah told me the knighthood was 
mentioned in conversations but 
refused to say who with: he could 
not gauge how seriously he was 
being sounded out. “It's not that 
I'm against honours, but I'm too 
young and I don't think I’ve done 
enough for the country,” he said. 
“Anyway I think it's wrong to 
accept an honour from any party if 
you're in a position to influence 
day-to-day events.” Wasn't all this 
rather noble? “No. Just practical. 
You must stay independent’' 


The current Marketing Week 
announces with great flourish the 
star chosen to launch the ProSport 
range of healthcare products: 
Bryan Robson, captain of Man- 
chester United and England. The 
promotion, it says, will centre on 
radio broadcasts on “the subject of 
sports injuries and how to avoid 
them.” Robson of course knows 
all about that as I write he has one 
arm in a sling, having dislocated 
his shoulder for the second time. 
“To say he will be out for the rest 
of the season is a little premature,” 
says his physio. Lei me remind 
ProSport of the medical history of 
their newfound model of health: in 
the past ten years he has suffered 
three broken right legs, two dis- 
located shoulders, and knock-out 
injuries to his calf, hamstring, 
ankle . . . 


Ned Sherrin has just received a fan 
letter congratulating him on his 
searching Radio 4 interview with 
"Gorby Dahl”. Meanwhile a TV- 
am journalist named Clare Rich- 
ards has been trying to lose the 
plums in her mouth after several 
irate phone calls at work from 
callers demanding “Why do I keep 
getting through to Claridges?” 


*Not only was be armed, be insisted 
1 ghe him the compensation' 

Double vision 

If Centra] TV is ever offered an 
award by the Royal Television 
Society. I trust it wj]( refuse. In a 
letter passed to me. Bob South- 
gate, Central's controller of news 
and current affairs, denounces the 
RTS awards as “a nonsense.” 
Southgate's sentiments may of 
course be sour grapes; his station 
did not win a bean in this year’s 
awards. Writing to Bill Ludfond. 
TV-am’s head of news, Southgate 
said: “I see that you needed the 
same wheelbarrow as we did to 
cany away all your awards from 
the RTS (TV-am fared similarly). 
They arc anyway a nonsense - to 
give Ken Rees (FIN'S man in the 
US) journalist of the year on the 
basis of the commentaries we 
heard is crackers.” Southgate, who 
is believed to be hurt that his 
valiant cameraman who covered 
the Handsworth riots were passed 
over, goes on: “The title should 
have gone to the cameramen who 
shot all those moving pictures in 
Mexico. The only one I really 
applauded was Bernard Hesketh 
(BBC news cameraman) 


Over BL, the government is now 
in a no-win position. Whatever 
the outcome, its industrial strategy 
has been undermined; whatever 
action it takes, marginal seats are 
in danger. The government has 
been made to seem negligent, yet it 
acted for the best of motives; 
above all, it resolutely refused to 
rake account of political self- 

BL's own problems today stem 
from its failures 20 yean ago: the 
problems it is causing the govern- 
ment are the result of its successes 
over the past seven years. At the 
end of the 1970s it was by no 
means clear that BL would sur- 
vive. If Sir Michael Edwardes bad 
then thrown in the towel and said 
he could not secure workforce 
cooperation for the measures 
needed to save the company, that 
would have been the end. BL 
would have been broken up and 
its component pans sold off or 

But Edwardes succeeded. The 
BL workforce has done everything 
that could reasonably be expected 
of it As the memory of Red 
Robbo fades, productivity per 
man today is three times higher 
than in 1979. Despite these 
improvements, however, most of 
BL is almost as far as ever fro m 
financial viability, and h seems 
that nothing can be done to close 
the gap. 

Austin Rover produces 4 50,000 
cars a year; it has 1 7 per cent ofthe 
domestic market and 4 per cent of 
the European. To make a profit 
and finance investment it would 
have to sell a million cars a year — 
25 per cent of the home market 
and 10 per cent of the European. 
That would require the govern- 
ment to take a gamble on the 
taxpayers' behalf and advance the 
company well over £1 billion fbr 

BL: one-way 
street to 
a Tory crash 

by Bruce Anderson 

investment in new models. Even 
the government's critics are not 
advocating that 

In the summer of 1984, the 
Cabinet decided tbat something 
had to be done about the hope- 
lessly insolvent BL Trucks di- 
vision — there is 45 per cent over- 
capacity among European truck 
manufacturers — with the im- 
plication that closure was possible 
if no merger could be arranged. By 
January of this year the govern- 
ment and GM were close to an 
agreement, but as part of the deal, 
GM also wanted Land Rover. It 
offered £230 million for the two, a 
sum that pleasantly surprised the 
government and certainly bears 
no relation to any price/earnings 

Land Rover has been described 
as the jewel in BL's crown. If so. it 
is a paste jewel in a paper crown. 
Last year it made a profit of only 
£5 million on a turnover of 
£500 million. Because the US is 
the world's biggest market for 
four-wheel drive vehicles, a tie-up 
with GM and its dealer network 
makes sense. 

Ford approached the govern- 
ment about Austin Rover last 
October. The talks were carried on 

in great secrecy. On the govern- 
ment side only the Prime Min- 
ister, the Chancellor, Leon Brittan 
(then Industry Secretary), Peter 
Morrison, his deputy in charge of 
BL, Sir Brian Hayes, the DTI’s 
permanent secretary, and a few 
other officials knew what was 
happening. This was under- 
standable, for the negotiations 
were at a very preliminary stage, 
but they were not to the lilting of 
Harold Musgrove, of Austin 
Rover. Details leaked from the 
company to the press. 

When Paul Charm on became 
Industry Secretary on January 1 1 
he knew nothing about the talks 
with Ford or about the Tracks/ - 
Land Rover-GM proposals. Three 
days later, he bad to argue both 
deals through the Cabinet's “E” 
committee, and did so success- 
fully. Subsequently, he has been 
less successful in the Commons. 
John Smith, Labour's industry 
spokesman, is currently the sec- 
ond most effective Opposition 
politician (after David Owen), and 
Channon has been consistently 
outgunned. Nor is Peter Morrison 
a good Commons performer, al- 
though he does have a shrewd 
political nose, and predicted that 

the sale of Land Royer would 
cause trouble. 

It has. MPs have been in- 
undated with letters, most of 
which read something like this 
“As someone who has voted 
Conservative at every election 
since 1945, who has canvassed 
regularly and contributed unfail- 
ingly: as someone, indeed, who 
regards himself as being on the 
right of the party, let me tel!, you 
that if Land Rover is sold to the 
Americans I will never vote Tory 
a gain 

So what is likely to happen?. The 
government has still not given up 
hope of selling Land Rover to 
GM, although it would insist on 
guarantees on local content and 
British-based research and devel- 
opment. However, it is now more 
likely tbat ministers will try to 
persuade GM and the manage- 

ment consortium to share the 
company, while hoping that GM 
will take BL Trucks anyway for a 
nominal sum. But there is' no 
guarantee that GM will accept 
anything less than -their original 
proposaLIf the deal collapses the 
future for both BL Trucks and 
Bedford seems bleak. GM may 
even decide to dose. Bedford 
altogether, and there is no enthu- 
siasm in Whitehall for underwrit- 
ing BL Trucks' unending losses. 

if only Land Royer had ex- 
ploited the world leadership it 
enjoyed 20 years ago, it is now 
said. If only Austin Morris had 
followed up the Mini with other 
exciting new models - if only, for 
that matter, half the world's 
Mercedes were Jaguars. BL's de- 
cline is one of the most painful 
instances of Britain's industrial 
failure over the past decades: that 
does not mean that the solution to 
BL's problems now is to play 
“Let’s pretend it’s still only I960”. 

Richard Wigg on the tricky manoeuvring in Spam’s referendum 


After less than a decade of 
democracy, Spain has involved 
itself in what has always been the 
most slippery way of consulting 
the people, a referendum. It is 
voting on whether to stay in Nato: 
the first country to do so in the 36 
years since the alliance was 

After a heated national debate, 
all Spaniards over 18 get a half- 
day off this Wednesday for the 
ballot. And the “No” votes may 
well beat the “Si” votes -only 
four years after Spain joined Nato. 

The issue was pui to a referen- 
dum after Spain's Socialist prime 
minister, 44-year-old Felipe Gon- 
zalez, and the veteran right-wing 
opposition leader, Manuel Fraga, 
had got themselves into a topsy- 
turvy situation. A Spanish 
cartoonist summed it up by 
showing Gonzalez labelled “Once 
No to Nato, now Yes”, Fraga 
labelled “Once Yes, now 
Abstain” and a desperately be- 
mused Spanish voter being bun- 
dled into a straitjacket. 

The Nato debate has grown into 
a big factor in the battle for power 
and an occasion for displaying not 
high democratic principles but 
political chicanery on both sides. 

Spain's political establishment 
suffered a jolt last week when 
results of four opinion polls 
appeared. All indicated that the 
government would lose its cam- 
paign for staying in Nato; and also 
that Fraga would get a poor 
response to his call for a boycott of 
the polL The polls forecast that the 
No voters, a mixed bag including 
right-wingers, would triumph — 
even though these voters have 
little representation in parliament. 

Cabinet ministers promptly 
launched a fierce assault to try to 
wring Yes decisions from the 
many don't-knows before 
campaigning ends at midnight 
tonight (tomorrow is a day for 
reflection). At the weekend min- 
isters were saying that if they do 
snatch a victory, it will be a very 
close one. 

The campaign has shown how 
easy it is in Spam to assemble a No 
vote with almost no party machin- 
ery. thanks to deep-rooted Spanish 
neutralism, memories of the Civil 
War, and anti-militarism and anti- 
Reaganism among the young. 

A peace movement has mush- 
roomed. led by pacifists, left-wing 
intellectuals and artists, helped 
out by the Communists. The polls 
showed that the peace movement 
has appealed to voters at all 
educational levels. The movement 
has made Gonzalez look suddenly 
like a sorcerer’s apprentice. 

After Gonzalez had addressed a 
rally in the town of Jaen in his 
native Andalusia, the local Social- 
ist party secretary said: “This 

‘No’ becomes ‘si’ 
in a topsy-turvy 
fight for votes 

referendum campaign has been 
nothing like any general election 
we have fought, when other 
parties’ supporters helped us win 
power for the first time in almost 
50 years.” 

In Catalonia, as in the Basque 
region, opposition to the Socialist 
campaign has gone hand in hand 
with nationalist sentiments. “If 
the Socialists had been anti-Nato, 
then here we might have voted 
Yes,” said a lawyer in Barcelona, 
Spain's biggest industrial city. 

A young woman economist in 
Barcelona said: “I know all the 
strategic and economic reasons for 
voting Yes, but I want to register 
my protest for their not even 
allowing us to be neutral” 

At a rally in Barcelona, Gon- 
zalez went after the centre and 
centre-right vote, which has been 
identified with Nato throughout 
the campaign. It is bis only hope of 
avoiding defeat 

Whatever the verdict Fraga 
looks doomed. If the government 
achieves a Yes majority it will be 
able to claim success; but if it 
loses, Fraga's abstention campaign 
will be blamed in Spain, and 
elsewhere in Europe, for a Nato 
setback — and Fraga is, ironically, 
a fervent believer in Nato. 

Both party leaders made 
misjudgements. Fraga never be- 
lieved that Gonz&lez would keep 
his J9S2 general election promise 
to hold a referendum to let the 

Spanish people “pronounce on 
our membership of Nato”. 

As for Gonzalez, he thought 
Fraga would not continue with his 
brinkmanship and order a boy- 
cott. He calculated that although 
the Nato issue might lose him up 
to half his faithful voters, support 
from the centre and centre-right 
would save the day for him. 

When Fraga came out with his 
call for a boycott, with the aim of 
inflicting maximum political 
damage on Gonzalez, it took a 
straight-talking woman in his 
party to dare to condemn his 
strategy. Senora Victoria Fernan- 
dez-Espana. a well-known MP 
from Galicia, was alone among 
Fraga's 106 MPs to insist on a 
contrary line. 

Nato membership is too serious 
a matter for party politics, she 
said, and announced she would be 
voting Yes. “I had to say ibis 
publicly because I believe many 
ordinary people are being 
deceived,” she told me, emphasiz- 
ing her duty to her rural constit- 
uents. It is above all in rural areas 
that the part)- machine led by 
Fraga — a one-time minister of 
the late dictator Franco — counts 
on telling humble voters what to 

Fraga stuck to his line. At the. 
same lime he has been deviously 
passing round instructions to 
supporters to vote No. 

Gonzalez’s basic difficulty was 

one of credibility. When in oppo- 
sition he argued against Spain 
joining Nato. Then he. was after 
the Communist and lower-mid- 
dle-class nationalist vote, at a time 
of big anti-nuclear missile 
demonstrations in Europe. His 
party collected 600,000 signatures 
against joining Nato. When in 
May 1982 Spain did join, the 
Socialists boycotted the flag-rais- 
ing ceremony at Nato head- 
quarters. Party militants 
remember such things. 

His election promise to hold a 
referendum was a halfway house; 
as Alfonso Guerra, the deputy 
prime minister, acknowledged the 
other day. He said few voters 
realized at the time the signifi- 
cance of turning away from a dear 
negative to Nato. 

When the Socialists came to 
power, they decided to keep the 
referendum pledge alive in order 
to help Spain’s negotiations for 
entry into the EEC. As one 
Socialist put it, the EEC (which is 
pro-Nato) “saw there would be 
absolutely no chance of our getting 
a Yes verdict on Nato unless we 
were admitted first to their club”. 

Even King Juan Carlos has got 
involved. Does be abstain or vote? 
Either way he takes sides. So he 
has been advised: Go to the polls 
late, so that the government 
television does not exploit the act 

One hoi topic in the dehate has 
been the “preconditions” laid 
down by the government to 
encourage a Yes verdict - such as 
non-nuclear status and non- 
integration into Nato's military 
structures. The trouble with those 
conditions, which clearly limit 
Spain's commitment, is that 
Gonzalez's party is on record as 
having expressed its scepticism, 
only four years hack, about the 
effectiveness of such conditions 
once Spain was in Nato. 

For the past five weeks a drama of 
almost Jacobean proportions has 
been played out over the future of 
Mrs Wendy Savage, the consul- 
tant obstetrician at the London 
Hospital who has been suspended 
for almost a year for alleged 
professional incompetence. 

In an former health authority 
council chamber in Hackney, 
allegations of intrigue, conspiracy, 
and incompetence have beat 
thrown about in terms thai the 
public rarely expects to be heard 
when one doctor is talking of 

Mrs Savage has been presented 
by her supporters as a woman 
more sinned against than sinning, 
the victim of a male conspiracy by 
colleagues who could not stomach 
her radical, feminist approach, her 
belief in a woman’s right to a say 
in the method of delivery, in 
community care for expectant 
mothers, in low-tech non-inter- 
ventionist childbirth, who de- 
spised her colleagues' penchant for 
private practice and an easy 
“knife-happy” life at the expense 
of women's wishes, feelings and 

Her accusers have presented her 
as an ill-tempered, arrogant, 
aggressive crusader, whose belief 
in admirable principles was 
pushed so far that it pul at risk the 
lives of mothers and babies alike. 

Her case has divided the ob- 
stetric profession. Eminent spec- 
ialists have described her handling 
of. childbirth as “bizarre” and 

Reading too much 
into Savage 

“incomprehensible” while others 
have defended it as within the 
broad limits of acceptable medical 
practice. The future of obstetric 
practice in this country bangs on 
the result, we are told, with the 
threat of more intervention, more 
caesareans and more defensive 
practice if she loses. 

It is not a taje from which 
anyone emerges with much credit. 
That the inquiry should never' 
have taken place m the way it has 
is crystal dear. There are far better 
ways to spend upwards of 
£200,000 than in an adversarial 
contest which destroys pro- 
fessional reputations, leaves the 
women of Tower Hamlets a 
consultant short for a year, shows 
Mrs Savage's boss,’ Professor 
Gedis Grudzinskas, as failing to 
reconcile professional and 
personality differences in his 
department, and demonstrates 
that the health authority's chair- 
man and its officers lacked the 
imagination to seek outside pro- 
fessional help to bang some heads 
together. The London Hospital ob- 
stetric department is dearly a 
deeply unhappy place and heaven 
help whoever eventually has to 
sort it out 

The inquiry has none the less 
raised important issues. It has 
brought to the fore once again the 
continuing debate on how child- 
birth should be handled, how far 
women should have a say in their 
care, how soon and how far 
obstetricians should intervene. 

It has demonstrated, above all 
that in a branch of medicine which 
deals with perhaps the physiologi- 
cally most complicated of all 
processes, practice is still as much 
an art as a science and that there is 
no consensus on the balance of 
risks and benefits in difficult cases. 

For the longer term, it has raised 
important issues about how pro- 
fessional differences should be 
reconciled and how incompetent 
doctors should be disciplined. 
Clearly this way is not the right 

But for the inquiry to be allowed 
to settle, however indirectly, the 
future pattern of obstetric care in 
the UK would be wholly wrong. 
For the issue that has been before 
the inquiry has not been Mrs 
Savages principles and beliefs, 
but whether she applied safely 
principles that many obstetricians 
in fact share. 

For Mrs Savage, for all her 

public persona as a radical obste- 
trician, is not on the extreme end 
of “natural childbirth" obstetric 
care. Her caesarean section rate, at 
10.8 per cent, is fractionally above 
the national average, not way 
below it. 

She told the inquiry that one of 
the difficulties of practising at the 
Mile End she of the London 
Hospital was that it was hard to 
obtain epidural anaesthesia — and 
if anything is a high-tech interven- 
tion into the “natural” pain of 
childbirth, epidural anaesthesia is. 

In the one case of the five that 
sticks out as dearly controversial, 
she does not risk being found 
incompetent for her original de- 
cision to give the woman a trial of 
labour, but for her persistence in 
continuing -the effort when even 
she believed there was very little 
chance the child could be safely 
delivered vaginally. 

The debate about obstetric care 
is a crucial one, and dearly 
underlies the case. But win or lose, 
Mrs Savage's supporters and her 
opponents will do women and 
obstetrics a disservice if they 
maintain that an ugly dash of 
personalities and an adversarial 
inquiry, in which the only winners 
are the lawyers, should help .settle 
the future practice of obstetrics in 
Britain. The inquiry team would 
do well to step outside its terms of 
reference and make that clear. 

Nicholas Timmins 

Social services correspondent 



I find myself in agreement with 
Eric Heifer, Derek Hatton and 
various other people who argue 
that the Labour Party should pay 
the surcharges- imposed on the 
Lambeth and Liverpool coun- 
cillors, or ex-connciUora as we 
must now call them. 

I say this not out of any sense of 
solidarity with .their actions 
(which in. my view were stupid, 
irresponsible and short-sighted); 
nor out of a wish to deplete 
Labour Party funds, although J 
know I shall be accused of. that It 
is rather 7 because it seems only 
right that when large numbers of 
people are-involved in taking a 
decision,- it -is unfair' that only a 
few should bear the consequences. 

The Labour Party must not be 
allowed to get away with the 
pretence that what the Lambeth 
and Liverpool rouncillarscLidwas 
a regrettable escapade by a few 
maverick left-wingers, some of 
them now facing expulsion from 
the party. As the- Audit Commis- 


days, if those 80 are guilty, so are 
several hundred others who de- 
layed setting* rate last year. And 
for every one of those there are 
two or three others who voted for 
the same policy on their respective 
councils but were saved from 
bankruptcy; disqualification and 
legal costs by- the fact that some of 
their more' moderate Labour col- 
leagues broke-ranks and voted 
with Conservative and Alliance 
- councillors to make a budget at the 
proper lime. 

And behind each one of the 
councillors there are hundreds of 
ordinary Labour Party members 
who voted, at ward and constit- 
uency-meetings, to adopt this 
particular strategy against rate- 
capping and who passed stirring 
and defiant motions to that effect 
“mandating” their representatives 
to vote accordingly. 

As for the thousands of trade 
union members whose delegates 
were vigorously engaged in apply- 
ing the same sort of pressure, 
perhaps they can be excused from 
any personal moral liability since 
it is unlikely they knew what was 
being said in their name. Also, to 
be fair, trade union repre- 
sentatives, when pressed; have, 
always , refused to commit their 
members to any sort of financial 

.1 remember an occasion five 
years ago when a group of. dele- 
gates from, the public sector 
unions were exhorting Labour 
councillors to pursue a course of 
action which would almost cer- 
tainly, as conceded by all present, 
lead to a surcharge bill of several 
million pounds. A councillor 
asked what share of the damage 
the unions were prepared to carry. 
One union delegate; given to 
pomposity (he is now a Labour 
MP) replied that . that was not an 
appropriate question: basically, 
the councillors had to accept that, 
they happened to be “at the sharp 
end”. Another, more forthright, 
countered with: “Are you joking, 
male? My members don’t have 
that sort of monejtf” 

But responsibility for the de- 
cisions that led to the personal 
misfortunes of the councillors 
concerned goes well beyond their 
local Labour parties and trade 

unio n branches. It was official 
Labour policy. The party con- 
ference in October 1984 passed a 
local government resolution 
which not only “saluted Uv- 
erpooTs stand” (liverpooTs stat£> 

- that year having been to delay 
setting a rate arid so put pressure 
on the government), but also 
“supported councils which are 
forced to break the law as a result 
of Tory policy”. 

Nor was even tbat ihefrH extent 
of parry su pport In January 1983 
while the leaders of all the r ate- 
rapped councils were' meeting to 
plan their strategy of non-compli- 
ance, dm Labour Party’s NEC 
focal government sub-committee 
passed a motion congratulating 
“those local authorities which 
• have come together to combat 
central government attempts to 
withdraw democratic ami Ideally 

- determined provision of services 
and jobs” and. supporting “lift 
decisions taken by those authori- 
ties to reject the grant assessment 
and allocation announced by the 
government”. This, was widely 
interpreted as support for the 
strategy. John Carve L, one of the 
best-informed local government 
•correspondents of the day, wrote 
in the Guardian on January 16 
1985: “the stance of son-compli- 
ance has been backed by the 
Labour Party and the TUG.” 

Many people most be wonder- 
ing now howthey could have, been 
so foolish to believe these tactics 
would work. I am not referring to 

- the councillors themselves, who 
were caught up in azealons frenzy, 
but to journalists and political 
commentators. Quite a few br- 
lieved - there was a better than 
average chance that many coun- 
cils would refuse to set & rate, 
would run out of money, would 
bring services to a standstill and 
would tii us force the government 
to respond. I think that even in the 
shadow cabinet there were those 
who thought — feared ntigit be a 
'better word — that it might wort 
Consequently they kept their 
heads down and treated “non- 
compliance” as the weasel word it 
is, meaning anything from 
strongly worded disapproval to 
outright defiance of the law, 
according to inclination and 
circumstances, and left the run* 
ning to council leaders like David 
Bhmkett and Margaret Hodge, 
who are now both under threat. 

What the poor fail-guys musfa 
find mote gaffing than anything* 
else is that the whole exercise has 
turned out to be wholly un- 
necessary. None of the councils 
concerned has sufierded the 
municipal Gdtterd&mmerung we 
were so frequently promised. They 
still spend as much as they ever 
did, with apparently plenty to 
spare for consciousness-raising 
junkets of all sorts. We are two 
years into rate-capping, and in 
those authorities there is not a cut 
in sight For this particular conjur- 
ing trick they are indebted to thdr 
finance officers who, now the 
lawyers have had a good run for 
their money, and finally failed, 
have become the latest saviour » 
the “jobs and services”, campaign" 
But of that hew breed, more on 
another occasion. 

The author is SDP member of the 
GLC/1LEA fbr St Panovs North. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Scusi, signor, 
fish is offside 

The two leisure pursuits which 
seem most to fascinate the public 
these days are sport and res- 
taurant-going; if it isn't a British 
boxer or batsman in the news it*sa 
British chef or cookery writer. 
Ahead of the trend as usual, we 
have created a new fictional hero 
who combines both fields, in: 

of Grand 
otel Rovers! 
Chapter One 
“Would you like to see the menu 
now to choose yonr dessert?” said 
Gregorio to the pair dining by the 
window.“rm sorry?” said the 
man. Gregorio blushed. Without 
thinking, be had spoken in his 
native I talian. 

You wanna see menu, choose 
pudding?”, he repeated in English. 

“Oh, yes. please," said the gnL 
Gregorio smiled at her, first In 
Italian and then in English. Bat 
while he was hunting for a spare 
pair of mentis he was approached 
by Mr Parfitt, the personnel 
manager. “Gregorio, can I have a 
word with yon?" 

Gregorio thought about it. Well, 
why not? He nodded. SL 
“Do yon play football?" Mr 
Parfitt asked. Gregorio had heard 
that the -English were mad. Now 
he knew for sure. He nodded 
again. He had been quite a useful 
winger back home in Perugia. 

h. thank God for that 1 don’t 
know if you realize this, but we 
field a team twice a week in Hyde 
Park, in the Hotel League, and it's 
semi-final day today against 
Quentin Towers Hotel. Well, 
Alfredo the fish waiter, who's our 
star striker, has gone down' with 
salmonella or something, and we 
desperately need a replacement 
It’ll have to be you. Come quick, 
and 111 sort. you om so'me'bobte.” 

The couple (fining by the win- 
dow never dkl work out why it 
took .the staff. another 35 minutes 
to faring' them, menus for the 

Chapter Two 
”So your’re Grejprio, our mystery 
striker, eh?” said the man with 
er hair. “I'm Ginger the front 

porter and, more to the point, 

the captain of the team. We're 

to call you Greg, OKT 
— „ — > nodded. It suit him fine, 
what the difference? he thought ig| 



- . haven’t got much hope 
against Quentin Towere. They're a 
tough lot ofbastards, as you might 
expect from a Bloomsbury hotel, 
but we’ll give it. a go.” 

Gregono nodded, in Trench. It 
made -a change. Right from the 
kick-off, he saw what Ginger 
meant. The ball - went to Jean- 
Oaude, the ariderrsonunetier, 
who juggled with it elegantly 
before being cut down cruelly 
from behind by a 1 big bloke with 
Southfield sideburns. The whistle 
went for a foul, but Jean-Qainfe 
limped for the rest ofthe match. 1 - 
After ten minutes, the ball ratal 
free to Gregorio. He cut infield; 
passe d two men. like a waiter, 
carrying four bowls of soup, and 
shot Goal! 

_ “That's great, Greg!” grinned 
Ginger. “By the way, the trout in 
fennel at lunch-time smelt terrific 
What did they pat" - 
“Is a touch of dill, plus a drop, of 
Pernod, not tb mention smoked 
bacon,”- explained Gregorio. 

First you melt thebacon.™’’ 

His words were interrupted as 
the ball came to him a gain He 
turned, and was about to shoot; 

. when everything went dark 
Chapter Three. 

He came to, finding the man wire? ' 

sideburns leaning over him. . 

“Clever didc,” said the. thug; 
“At Quentin, we eat people like 
you for bre akfast. ” 

“At Grand Hotel we have 
. kedgeree for breakfea, _ also fivp 
other, fabulous dishes,” said 
Gregorio. The thug grinned. “It 
am t goinito help you much." 

At the final whistle it was 1—1, 
replay Thursday, and Gregorio 
was limping in three different 
fa ngnaq es. Mamina raia, but lifein^H- 
a big E ngli sh hotel was much 
for"' - - - - 

than he had u 

, - Grand win the replay? Will 
Greg adapt fo the physical English 
fftme. Just how do.they eet that 
deiiciousjlavour of kidneys cooked 
m dry vermouth? Don’t miss the 


: v j 




) J*\x& 



i nc liivir.'S iviOiNL/Al xvi/uii^rz itr 1 yoo 




1 Pennington Street, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 


"Tte United Stales* decision 

;;;.ib order a cut of nearly 40 per 
^ cent in the size, of the Soviet 
■_= Union’s . missions : to the 
» United Nations, could have an 
V- effect upon' East-West rela- 
tions - more fundamental than 
'“’that of the usual cut-and-thnist 
lir beiween the, superpowers. As 
: o.muttiai recriminations flew 
^.between Moscow and Wash- 
ington yesterday, the prospect 

• of a Reagan-Gdfbachov sum- 
mit this year, let alone in June 

r was clouded: by doubLThe 
rV questions which must be asked 
^therefore are why - and why 
; now?- 

-"•i. The size of the Soviet team 
-jin New York has long looked 
Excessive.' At 275 it is more 
-'than double that of the Ameri- 
“;cans (126) and tl»e Chinese (116) 
'•- and nearly seven times the 
.^'modest 40 retained there by 
...‘Britain. The Russians might 
—argue that the People’s Repub* 
lie of China, for all its size,, 
‘‘'makes for an unfair coxnpari- 
“son. As for the United States, 

‘ the other indisputable super- 
. power, it has the advantage of 
--being able , to fly up State 
.; Department “extras” on the 
■' ? shiittle from Washington at 
—virtually eleventh-hour notice. 

. the Russians., far from home, 
‘jjiave to cover a wider range of 

As an argument it is hardly 
'convincing. It has certainly 
’^convinced no-one yet, and the 
“burgeoning bulk of the Soviet 
missions (including dele ga- 
"tions from the Ukraine and 
“Byelorussia) has long been a 
;matter for comment Western 

• UN officials have prided 
- rhemselves on being able to 
' pick out which are Soviet spies 

• ■’em the UN committees, by the 
•superior cut of their suits or 
the Quality of their American 
'English. Here as elsewhere it 

has always been assumed that 
around half or more of the 
. Soviet team have been there 
■ for reasons other th?p diplo- 

If the United States has been 
able, to confirm- these sus- 
picions and b as pr oof of illegal 
activities by those masquerad- 
ing under the UN flag, it is of 
course justified in acting. Brit- 
ain has hot hesitated to expel 
Russian officials from the 
well-staffed embassy in Ken- 
sington, for espionage - 
•howeverhard the Government 
' might, havebeen trying to im- 
prove its : relations with Mos- 
cow at the time American 
security agents have long mon- 
itored the activities of Soviet 
officials at the UN (and with 
particular vigour since the 
Walker spy case) and one must 
assume that Washington feels 
it is now sure enough of its 
facts to apt incisively. The 
United States is in' the unique 
position of playing host to the 
UN - whose officials are now 
said to be studying the im- 
pl ications of the US action for 
the organization and 
itscharter. But if evidence can 
be brought of spying, it would 
be . hard for the UN to con- 
demn the Washington move. 

But why now? The official 
explanation: is- that the ev- 
idence had been gathered by 
last Autumn, bat Washington 
stayed its hand for fear of 
spoiling the Geneva summit in 
November. As it was , they had 
only two months before an- 
nounced further travel restric- 
tions on Russians working as 
international officials in the 
UN secretariat (Soviet UN 
diplomats were already re- 
stricted to moving within a 25- 
mile radius of New Yprk). To 
follow that by an announce- 

ment of this kind would have 
certainly chilled the fireside 
chat of the .two world leaders 
in their villa beside Lake 

. As it is, the announcement 
would seem to rule out the 
prospects for a second summit 
in June. This was the preferred 
White House date, but bas 
looked increasingly unlikely 
for some time. The Russians 
■ have always wanted one in the 
.Autumn, and Mr Gorbachov 
during the Soviet party con- 
gress implied that there might 
not be one at all in the absence 
of real progress in the arms 
talks at Geneva. The timing of 
this latest upset might be seen 
as the response of an irritated 
White House - signalling that 
there are limi ts to how far it 
will go to ensure seeing Mr. 
Gorbachov step on to the 
tarmac at Washington this falL 
The withdrawal of the 105 
unwanted Soviet officials at 
the UN (it will still leave them 
with the biggest mission) is 
due to take place over 18 
months from October, the 
Russians probably leaving one 
by one as they come to the end 
of their postings. Coming as it 
does though, after a series of 
recent clashes between Wash- 
ington and Moscow, could this 
now cast a planning blight over 
the Autumn? 

The answer to this depends 
veiy much upon Soviet re- 
actions. In the past Moscow 
bas reacted angrily - and even 
retaliated - after the expulsion 
of Russian diplomats from 
Western capitate. But the ex- 
change has usually been short 
and sharp. It remains to be 
seen whether this latest row, 
because of its timing and its 
involvement of the UN, will 
do more lasting damage. 




>■ • ^ 35 

Nearly fouij years since Ar- 
gentine forces invaded , the : 
Falkland Islands, 3,000 British 
troops remain on alert in the 
South Atkntic ip. case they 
should try it agmac hris Jrue 
_ that the -Government, ^caught 
napping once; would not relish 
being- ambushed again. It is 
equally true that Argentina has 
% never formally declared an end 
to hostilities - as Whitehall is 
fond of recalling. But the 
threat, from a Buenos Aires 
regime which is opposed to the 
use of force .to attain- its 
Objective of sovereignty over 
the islands, is more apparent 
_ than real - and not very 
J apparent at that 

Sceptics argue that the gov- 
ernment in Argentina might 
change - arid, da so. for the 
woise. So it might- Brit there 
are few signs that it will in the 
foreseeable future, and if there 
were - then the presence of 
British troops on the Falklands 
would be more likely to pro- 
mote that contingency than 
prevent it Moreover the open- 
ing of the main runway at the 
new Mount Pleasant airpeat 
•.last May, has enabled the rapid 

> ’ Reinforcement of the garrison 

> there in an emergency. The 
i -number of troops couls be 
? reduced to the level necessary 

to protect the airport and keep 
ji open for the addiional 
battalions to arrive. It must be 
hoped that progress will be 
made towards this in the 
Summer * before waiting for 
the completion of the Mount 
Pleasant complex next year. 

, The 150-mile protection 
zone around tire islands could 
be removed for similar reasons 
^jjemittirig another frigate to 
return. This would ease the 
ship management problems of 
a hard-pressed fleet- The. tri- 
service cost of maintaining the 
garrison at its present level is 
around £370m a year. This has 
to be seen in the context oi a 
total defence budget of more 
than £18bn, and withdrawal o« 



troops , to this country would 
not bring anyway a straight 
return in cash. But just as the 
exclusion zone is resented in 
'rBuenos Aires, so the. drain on 
tire ' British exchequer will 
come to be increasingly re- 
sented by* people in Britain. 
.Even many of the islanders 
themselves acknowledge that a 
long continuation of the statua 
quo could do more political 
damage than, it has military 

There are sound reasons 
why Falklanders might be 
wary of forfeiting good will in 
this country - the chief one 
being that progress towards 
broadening the islands’ eco- 
nomic base is proving to be 
embarrassingly slow. With 
most of the Government’s 
post-war £31m development 
cash already allocated (though 
not necessarily spent) there are 
no signs of the economic take- 
off which at one time Falkland 
optimists had hoped for. 

Some movement has been 
made in the division of the 
islands' Luge estates into 
smaller owner-occupied sheep 
farms and output it is 
claimed, has gone up where 
this ■ has happened. But the 
overall pattern of land owner- 
ship looks, unlikely to change 
very dramaticzHy. A feasibility 
study of in-shore crab fishing 
has had promising results. But 
then no-one. has yet worked 
out how and where to market 
the product with Britain an 
expensive 8,000-air miles away 
and Argentina geographically 
near but politically distant 
The woollen mill established 
to make better use pf the 
home-grown product is feeing 
not dissimilar difficulties. . 

Off-shore fishing is a conten- 
tious subject with 130 vessels 
from a variety of countries, 
trawling within 200 miles pf 
the ■ islands on one recent 
count The islanders want 
Britain to declare a 200-mile 
fishing zone, within which 
these visiting fishermen would 

have to pay licence fees to the 
local economy. The British 
Government wary of creating 
more friction;' prefers to work 
for a multilateral agreement on 
fish quotas, worked out on the 
basis of a survey by the Food 
and Agriculture Organization 
(to be completed later this 
year). Either way the growth of 
local fishing could bring in 
significant sums if the vessels 
can be persuaded to put into 
Port Stanley for facilities. 

There are those who still 
believe that the islands are 
capable of building up their 
own tourist industry , for 
ornothologists, marine 
archaeologists - or anyone else 
prepared to pay up to £3,000 a 
trip. But the numbers are 
unlikely to be large and there is 
about this, as about other 
attempts to exploit the islands' 
unique potential, a faintly 
desperate air. 

The most recent develop- 
ments in the Falklands were 
the closure of the local brewery 
and the “Up for Sale” sign on 
that famous local hostelry the 
Upland Goose. To Baronness 
Young, deputy Foreign Sec- 
retary who returned a week 
ago from her second visit to 
the islands, it must have been 
apparent that in a scattered 
community of 1,900 people 
(100 more than at the time of 
the war) there is a basic 
shortage of manpower and 
skills which must hamper any 
attempts, however well-meant, 
at expansion. 

The chances of local 
development would be im- 
proved by the normalisation of 
relations with Argentina and 
the restitution of air links with 
the South American mainland 
That in itself might be en- 
couraged by the lowering of 
Britain's military profile in the 
South Atlantic. Neither would 
guarantee success. But they are 
starting to look like necessary 
prerequisires if success is ever 
to be achieved 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr Michael Quarmby 
I recently observed the legend 
Access- Control and Security 
Specialists'’ displayed by a firm 
hilhriio content to be known as 
locksmiths. “High and Difficult 
Access inspection Senice” 1 inter- 
preted as offering the help of a 
sleepkjack. Although 1 may own a 
subsoil access and inspection im- 
plement. I shall continue to call it 
a spade. 

Yours faithfully^ 





February 24.- . 

Change of arms 

From Mr Philip H, Slake 

Sir: Since England ‘reltEQUishflfl 

sovereign claims over Ireland as a 

whole in 1922 and since the Irish 
harp in no way now symbolises 
England's remaining interest, is it 
not time that (he royal arms were 
changed to a more realistic form 
bv let us say, substituting the 
arms ofUlster for those of Ireland 
and introducing the arms of 

Possibly the best arrangement 
would be Wales jn the third 
quarter and Ulster in the fourth, 
so that for ose in Scotland the 
third and fourth quarters of the 
roval arms would remain the same 
and only the first and second 
quarters would need to be trans- 

The advantages of this sc heme , 
apart from its being, more repre- 
sentative of Great Britain, are that 
the arms of the prince of Wales 
would be simplified and improved 

by the removal of the super- 
imposed shield of Wales, for 
which there would be no need 
(alternatively, H could be replaced 
by the arms of the dnchy of 
Cornwall); and that in the event, 
at present unlikely, of Ulster's 
joining the rest of Ireland, it would 
be a simple matter to reintroduce 
into the fourth quarter the arms of 
England or Scotland, as appro- 

It seems probable that such a 
revision would meet with general 
approval .in both Wales and 

Yours faithfully, 


5 Waikin Road. 



March 1. 


Damage to the 
tourist trade 

From Mr Conal R. Gregory. MP 
for York (Conservative) 

Sir, The evidence that Britain’s 
largest growth industry, tourism, 
continues to attract record num- 
bers of overseas visitors, speading 
in excess of £5.4 billion per 
annum, with a good effect on 
employment in this sector by 
some 50.000 jobs a year (report, 
February 27), is in possible jeop- 
ardy on two grounds. 

Firstly, the impact of terrorism 
in Europe is now resulting in 
substantial cancellations m the 
UK hotel trade. Almost 48 per 
cent of travel agents in the USA 
have experienced visitor cancella- 
tions. according to a Travel 
Weekly poll. Whilst it is under- 
standable that there has been 
concern through last summer’s 
hijacking of a TWA flight in 
Athens, the seizure of the Achille 
Lauro cruise ship and the Decem- 
ber deaths at airports in Rome and 
Vienna, too many North Ameri- 
cans consider Briiain in the same 
context. The media photographs 
of troops and armed police at 
Heathrow Airport have not dis- 
pelled this point The British 
Tourist Authority needs to im- 
mediately promote Britain as a 
safe and attractive venue to 
overseas visitors. 

Secondly, the confusion over 
classification is likely to do untold 
damage. For years Britain has 
been out of tine with the rest of 
Europe in having a non-statutory 
system of registration and 
classification for accommodation. 
The ill-conceived crown scheme, 
which has first been promoted in 
Scotland and is now extended to 
Wales and England, results in the 
nonsense of a three-star hotel (by 
RAC/AA s tandards, which are 
well understood) being “uprated” 
to five crowns. 

The visitor, whether from the 
UK or overseas, will be dis- 
appointed and indeed fed cheated 
if a hotel claims five crown status, 
but is frankly not up to the same 
status awarded to a Park Lane 
hotel British tourism will pay 
dearly if this is not rectified. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons, 

February 27. 

Takeover qualms 

From Miss J. L. Hopkins 
Sir, With the arrival today of 
further bulky documents from 
United Biscuits (Holdings) pic 
urging their shareholders to vote 
in favour of the acquisition of 
Imperial Group at the extraor- 
dinary general meeting of UB on 
March 18 next, I am impelled to 
express my surprise that, since the 
merger was proposed in Decem- 
ber, 1985, not one of the directors 
nor. as far as I am aware, anyone 
else has said that some UB 
shareholders are most uneasy at 
the prospect of deriving part of 
their future income from products 
carrying “a Government health 

The only indication that the 
directors may have had qualms on 
■this score are contained in the 
paragraph on page 11 of the listing 
particulars, dated February 28, 
1986. in which Sir Hector Laing 
states, “We expect that, as a result 
of the growth in the other busi- 
nesses of the enlarged group, the 
proportion of profit arising from 
tobacco will decline significantly 
over the next few years”. 

It seems that those UB 
shareholders who have scruples, 
as I have, about the merger, have 
no option but to vote against the 
acquisition of Imperial Group, or 
sell their holdings before the 
extraordinary general meeting. 
Yours faithfully, 



25 High Street, 



Match 5. 


From Mr C J. Hancock 
Sir, I had 19 jobs all with the same 
employer (HM) — office boy, 
purchase clerk, registrar, stock 
controller, pilot, flying instructor, 
office machines specialist, punch 
card operator, computer systems 
designer, O & M analyst, lecturer, 
course planner, staff inspector, 
personnel manager, accountant, 
branch supervisor, management 
consultant, management (by 
objectives)adviser, general man- 

Who says the Civil Service is 
dull? Now I’ve retired I have only 
seven jobs: four as an honorary 
treasurer and three as an honorary 
auditor but they are simulta- 

Yours ever, 


41 Rusper Road, 




March 3. 

Blocks on path to Ulster peace 

From the Reverend 3. A. Hum 
Sir, May an English clergyman of 
the Irish Presbyterian Church be 
given a hearing amidst the raucous 
shouting that is supposed to be the 
hallmark of every Ulsterman? 

The Press and the TV neglect 
the thousands upon thousands of 
good, decent people who wish 
only to milk their cows, lead their 
beasts to market, and bring up 
their children in quiet and se- 

We do not shout and rage, nor 
are we bigots. We are frightened in 
a way that you could hardly 
imagine in the’ relative peare you 
thankfully enjoy. We feel more 
frightened because our best friend, 
as it were, has lei us down. Our 
best friend has given us a cure 
which is honestly (1 hope) thought 
to do the unwilling patient good. 

What the Houses of Parliament 
fail to understand is not the merits 
or defects of the agreement, but 
the unfairness of its implementa- 
tion. It is this which galls us and 
makes us think we have no 

Mr King prides himself in 
talking to Mr Molyneaux and Mr 
Paisley after the agreement. We 
think the talking should have 
taken place before it, and with all 
the elected members, not simply 
with one who led at that time a 
party of one MP. 

It's a matter of fair play, and 
because that has not been seen to 
be done, we feel terribly sad and 
let down. I think you would feel 
the same, had you been treated 

similarly. People act desperately 
when they are put in a desperate 

Yours faithfully, 


The Manse. 

Lisnarick Road. 


Co. Fermanagh, 

Northern Ireland. 

March 4. 

From Dr P. A. J. Waddingion 
Sir, During the miners’ strike we 
heard much about “policing by 
consent”. It was alleged that by 
preventing the forcible closure of 
premises and protecting those who 
wished to work, the police had lost 
the consent of local mining 

Almost a year to the day after 
that strike ended the police find 
themselves, once again, maintain- 
ing public order and preventing 
intimidation. Strangely, this time 
we do not hear complaints from 
those on the political left that the 
RUC bas lost consent of the 
community in Ulster. 

On the contrary, they insist 
(rightly) upon the maintenance of 
the rule of law against unconstitu- 
tional action. How do they justify 
one law for the miners and 
another for loyalists? 

Yours faithfully, 

University of Reading. 

Faculty of Letters and Social 

White knights. ■ 

P.O. Box 2 IS, 

Reading, Berkshire. 

March 3. 

Sellafield safety 

From Dr Ralph H. Thomas 
Sir, Mr Robin Russell Jones 
recently accused the Black inquiry 
of a reversal of the normal process 
of scientific reasoning (“Sellafield, 
leaky as a sieve”. February 26). He 
makes this judgement because the 
inquiry concluded that nuclear 
discharges from Sellafield were 
unlikely to be responsible for the 
observations that “the rate of 
leukemia in Seascale ... was 10 
times the national average”. 

It is, however. Mr Jones's 
scientific reasoning that more 
properly might be called to ques- 
tion. He implies that leukemia 
clusters at several locations in the 
United Kingdom reported by 
some observers may be attributed 
to the presence of nearby nuclear 
installations (presumably by radi- 
ation “leaks”). 

Students of epidemiology are 
frequently reminded that associ- 
ation does not prove causation. To 
demonstrate the point, an eminent 
statistician was fond of dem- 
onstrating to his students that 
there is an extremely high correla- 
tion, in north-western Europe, 

between the birth rate and the 
population of storks. 

The fluctuations in the in- 
cidence rates of leukemia with 
locality — which Mr Jones cites in 
support of his implication that 
nuclear installations are harmful 
to the health of the general public 
- have been a matter of intensive 
study, both in the United King- 
dom and elsewhere. 

Many regions in the United 
Kingdom and the United States 
which do have incidence rates 
higher than the average have no 
nuclear installations in the vicin- 
ity. An extensive study in the 
United States showed a small but 
statistically significant negative 
correlation with natural back- 
ground (the higher the back- 
ground, the lower the incidence 

These and many other facts 
must be explained before Mr 
Jones's assertions are supportable. 
Yours faithfully, 


Keble College. 


February 27. 

Mr Olof Palme 

From Mr Edward Heath, MP for 
Old Bexley and Sidcup (Conser- 

Sir, There is one statement in your 
obituary of Olof Palme (Match 3) 
which cannot pass uncorrected. 
You write. “The Brandt Commis- 
sion was set up by the Socialist 
International in 1976. and under 
its aegis Palme led a delegation to 
southern Africa in the following 
year”. There is no truth whatso- 
ever in this statement. 

The Brandt Commission, or the 
Independent Commission on 
International Development Is- 
sues, to give it its full title, was set 
up at the instigation of Mr Robert 
McNamara, the then Chairman of 
The World Bank. He invited Willy 
Brandt to establish a balanced 

commission composed of mem- 
bers from both the developed and 
the developing countries and 
drawn from all political parties. 

It was. as its title denotes, 
independent of all other 
organisations, including after its 
establishment in December 1977 - 
not 1976 - The World Bank. The 
only visit of the Commission to 
Africa was to Mali early in 1978 
and then it was led. as usual by 
Willy Brandi himself. 

This in no way detracts from the 
value of the personal contribution 
which Olof Palme made in the 
private discussions of the 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Commons. 

March 6. 

Move to Rome 

From the Chairman of Church 

Sir, Mr Longley’s report (March 4) 
on the Church Society's decision 
to consider the establishment of a 
continuing Church of England 
failed to point out a vital proviso. 
This was, “If and when it is 
proposed that practical steps 
should be taken to implement the 
proposals of the ARCIC (Anglo- 
Roman Catholic International 
Commission) final report ...” 

In other words it would be 
necessary to encourage a continu- 
ing Church of England if it were to 
be decided, for example, that the 
authoritative universal primacy of 
the see of Rome were acceptable: 

that the Pope bas the right “in 
special cases to intervene in the 
affairs of a diocese"; that the Pope 
can express “definitive 
judgements" on the doctrine and 
ethics of the Church: and if ail 
Anglicans were committed to the 
acceptance of views on the Eu- 
charist and the ministry which are 
novel to the formularies of the 
Church of England. 

But we have a good hope that 
the members of the Church of 
England will not allow such a 
disaster to occur.. 

Yours faithfully. 


Si Simon Zeloies Vicarage, 

34 Milner Street. 

Chelsea. SW3. 

Hard to grasp 

From Mr G. N. D. Smith 
Sir. The Reverend M. P. R. 
Unskill (March 4) fails to point 
out the advantages of modem 
wrappings. When I and my friends 
go caving we each take a M**s Bar, 
nicked inside helmet or oversuit, 
as food in case of emergency. 

In our demanding sport the 
climbing, wriggling and heal of 
exertion combine to melt and 

mash our rations, no matter how 
(hev are carried. 

All loo often the old-style 
wrapper would split, smearing 
clothing and caver with chocolate, 
the bar ending up covered with 
gritty mud. We have yet to 
experience this with the new 

Yours faithfully. 

G. N. D. SMITH. 

17 Courtney Road. SW19. 

March 5. 

Teaching of English 

From Professor L J. Herbst 
Sir, The concern about the usage 
of English, expressed by Professor 
E. H. Brown and others (February 
25) echoes views which have been 
voiced for over three decades. 

A foundation in grammar and 
syntax does not, by itself, lead to 
effective, communication. Nor is 
the power of language implanted 
by precision in teaching, or re- 
flected by precision of expression. 
It requires an ability to reach 
ordinary people, and an insight 
into the social setting which 
includes the matter at issue, but 
also extends beyond it, 

What is needed is an obligatory 
broadening at the 16+ and 18+ 
examination levels, including, at 
the 16+ stage, English, human- 

ities. and social sciences. To be 
effective the revised examination 
packages must be stipulated for 
entry to degree studies; such a 
situation already exists in the USA 
and in western Europe. 

In the USA, a nation second to 
none in engineering prowess, 
humanities and social studies are 
included in strength in their 
engineering degrees, which build 
on a much broader educational 
base than ours. Two pivotal 
reports on engineering education, 
by H. P. Hammond, of Pennsylva- 
nia State College, published in 
1940 and 1944, placed humanities 
and social sciences on a par with 
scientific and engineering fun- 
damentals and pressed for their 
inclusion in substance within the 

This recommendation was 
acted on by many institutions. It 
gained virtually universal accep- 
tance in J973, when the prede- 
cessor of the Accreditation Board 
for Engineering and Technology 
(ABET) set the minimum amount 
of studies in humanities and social 
sciences for the standard four-year 
engineering degree at half a year in 
specified subjects. 

If and when a reform of the 1 6+ 
and 18+ examinations comes 
about, the acquisition of adequate 
communication skills will largely 
take care ofitself. 

Yours faitfcfollv. 


Teesside Polytechnic. 


March 3. 

MARCH 10 1966 

Not a thundering leaden rather 
an admonitory one in the run-up 
to the general election of March 
31, when Labour increased its 
overall majority from four to 96, 
The article was reproduced in the 
Daily Mail, Daily Minor and 
Evening News: an avalanche of 
letters was received and a few m 
dozen were printed. Total UK 
registered unemployment was 
390,000 (1.6 per cent); the £ stood 
at 82. 79 and was devalued in 
November, 1967 to $2.40. 


The economists and financial 
technicians have their oum learned 
and to themselves no doubt lucid 
reasons why the £ is weak in the 
markets of the world For the 
ordinary reader they can be stated 
much more simply. 

The £ is weak 

because Britain is living beyond 
her means: 

because neither the Labour Gov- 
ernment nor the Bank of England 
nor tbe British people overcame 
the crisis a year ago; the foreign 
lenders did so; 

because Britain is still so heavily 
in debt abroad; _ 

because Government spending 
abroad goes on rising; 

because no Government has the 
courage to face tbe British people 
with the truth;... 

because full employment has led 
unions to overuse their powers and 
employers to underuse their labour; 

because British industry has 
continuously lost its share of world 

because whenever tbe mildest 
deflation begins to work, it is 
discontinued before it can even 
half finish its job; 

because extra leisure is put 
before extra effort by too many 
people in all classes; 

because too many working hours 
are turned into gambling hours; 

because money is regarded by too 
many people of all classes as 
something to be got or won rather 
t.han earned;... 

because Britain, never having 
been defeated, still refuses to see 
she is up against it; 

because the world fears that 
devaluation will ultimately be cho- 
sen as an alternative to deflation, 
and the world knows this will not 
solve Britain's long-term problem; 

because while Prance, Germany, 
and Italy have had their “economic 
miracles”. Britain has as yet not 
shown the willingness or the 
capacity to make the effort to 
achieve her own "miracle”; 

because in all too many cases 
Britain loves the old instead of the 
new, seeks reasons not to do things 
ratter than to do them; 

because too many managements 
have been supine or unimaginative; 

because the change from privi- 
lege to talent has been too slow in 
all too many board rooms; 

because there is on both sides of 
industry still too much hankering 
after restriction and too little 
eagerness for competition; 

because in the last analysis 
economics is a matter of human 
nature and not of formulas; no 
country can be saved if its people 
will not save themselves: 

because for twenty years leader- 
ship has been lacking; soft words 
have been substituted for hard 
facta; exhortation has never been 
followed by deeds; rights have 
come before responsibilities; the 
national philosophy has been all 
take and no give; 

because the world knows that, 
however slow the descent, the 
abyss is still at the end of the road. 

The £ could be strong if the 
British people had the ears to hear, 
the eyes to see, and the will to 
recover their native sense and 
energy. They haw done it time and 
again in wars; why can they not do 
it just once in peace? This is what 
the general election should be 

Sunday trading 

From Fr B. J. Eager 
Sir. Having moved my Sunday 
evening Mass to Saturday eve- 
ning. I now wonder how far 1 have 
changed completely the nature of 
Saturday for the 250 or so people 
who regularly attend. I suspect 
that some of them may have been 
shopping before they come. 

It does not seem to affect the 
apparent quality of their worship. 
Jn fact, they sing considerably 
better than those who attend on 
Sunday morning, and the general 
atmosphere is certainly more vi- 
brant than it ever was on Sunday 
evening. Perhaps it is that having 
sampled Mammon in the market 
place and superstore, they fed the 
need for God even more. 

Yours faithfully, 


St Catherine’s Presbytery, 

Newton Road, 




March 5. 

Enter, a bear 

From Mrs Philippa Russell 
Sir, Can it be. to answer Ivan 
Stringer (March 3). that as this 
March came in like a polar bear it 
will go out like a Paddington 
( frequently to be seen wearing 
Wellington boots)? 

Yours faithfully. 

592 Fox Hollis Road, 

Hall Green. 


March 4. 

From Mr Anthony Denny 
Sir. We should expect March to 
leave us. after the heavy thaw we 
all deserve, with the awkward 
waddle of a penguin. 

Yours faithfully. 


2 A Sutherland Street SW1. 

March 3. 




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March 8: The Prince Andrew 
this morning opened Sailboat 86 
at Crystal Palace, London. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by the Director 
of the National Sports Centre, 
’Crystal Palace (Mr John Davies) 
and the Chairman, Royal 
Yachting Association Council 
(Mr Michael Evans*. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

Royal London School for the 
Blind, was present this evening 

at a Gala Concert at the Royal 
Albert Hall. London- 
Mrs Michael Wigley was in 

Prince Edward is 22 today. 

March 9: The Princess Anne. 
■Mrs Mark Phillips. President of 
the British Academy of Film 
and Television Arts, this eve- 
ning attended the BA FT A Craft 
Awards at 195 Piccadilly, Lon- 
don. WI. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by the Director 
of the Academy (Mr Reginald 
.Collin) and the Chairman of the 
Academy l Mr Graham Benson). 

The Hon Mrs Legge Bourke 
'was in attendance. 

March 8: The Prince of Wales. 
President, the Prince’s Trust 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this evening attended a 
concert in aid of the Trust at the 
Royal Albert HalL London. 

Miss Anne Eeckwitb-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 

March 9: The Duchess of 
Gloucester, President, The 

Princess Anne will attend a 
dinner given by the Brazilian 
Ambassador and Senora Gib- 
son-Barboza at the Brazilian 
Embassy at 54 Mount Street, 
Wl, on March 12. 

Princess Anne, Patron of The 
Butler Trust, will present the 
first awards of the Prison Ser- 
vice annual award scheme ai 
Lambeth Palace on March 17. 
The Duke of Edinburgh, Colo- 
nel-in-Chief will attend a recep- 
tion given by the Corps of Royal 
Electrical and Mechanical En- 
gineers at St James’s Palace on 
March 19. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Chan- 
cellor of Salford University, will 
attend rhe bunch of the 
university's design and produc- 
tion initiative at the Royal 
Society of Arts on March 25. 
Laier. as Patron of the Reel Air 
Arm Museum, he will be the 
host at a reception at Bucking- 
ham Palace in connection with 
the museum's twenty-first 
Birthday Development AppeaL 
Prince Edward will be the guest 
of honour at the Boat Race on 
March 29 and present the 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Lord Aldenham will be 
held at St Michael's, CornhiD, 
todav at noon. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr S.T. Cu nnin g ham 
and Miss ELM. Stonier 
The engagement is announced 
between Scott, younger son of 
the late Mr Maurice Canning- 
ham and Mrs Cunningham, of 
Rotorua, New Zealand, and 
Harriet Mary, second daughter 
of Field Marshal Sir John and 
.Lady Stanier, of Whitewater 
House, Dipleg, Hartley 
Wintney. Hampshire. 

Mr N.M. Wing 
and Miss &A. Aodky 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs M.F-N. Wing, of 
■ Knebworth, Hertfordshire, and 
' Sa lly only daughter of Sir 
Bernard and Lady Audley, of 
- Barnet. Hertfordshire. 

Mr MS. Arnold 
-and Miss SJ).C Madeod 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Stuart, son of 
Mr and Mrs AA. Arnold, of 
Thursley, Surrey, and Sandra 
Dawn Catherine, daughter of 
Mr P. Madeod, of Ottawa, 
Canada, and Mrs A. Andreef, of 
Montreal, C a n ada. 

Mr L Brenson 
'and Miss J-A- Thompson 
! The engagement is announced 
between Ian, son of Mr and Mrs 
R. Brenson, of Bickley. Kent, 
and Julie, elder daughter of Mr 
C. Thompson and the late Mrs 
Thompson, of Rolling Mead- 
ows, Illinois. United States. 

Mr L. Chen 

and Miss C. McFariane 
The engagement is announced 
between Leland, cider son of Mr 
J. Chen, of Taipei, Taiwan, and 
Mrs A Chen, of Houston, 
United States, and Clare, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.M. 
McFariane, of Kersai, Salford. 
Mr W.F.P. Daunt 
and Miss MM. Boyle 
The engagement is announced 
between William, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs Patrick Daunt, of 
Brussels, and Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Thomas Boyle, of Stirling. 

Mr D. Grosz 
and Miss GSJ. Harris 
The engagement is announced 
between Dan. eldest son of Dr 
and Mrs S. Grosz, of New 
Jersey. United States, and 
Gabrielle. daughter of Mr M. A 
Harris and the hie Mrs A.M. 
Harris, of Balcombe, West Sus- 

Mr C-J-D.R. Hophanson 
and Miss C.M. Francis 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, eldest son of 
Major-General and Mrs 
J.C.O.R. Hopkinson, of 
Bigsweir House, Si Briavels. 
Gloucestershire, and Caroline, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G.C. Francis, of East Clift 

Mr R.T. Nrcirrf 
and Miss S.V. Cooke 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mis Peter Nevard, of WaJton- 
on-the-Hill. Surrey, and Susan, 
only daughter of Mr Reginald 
Cooke and Mrs Vanda Irwin, of 
Whitchurch, BristoL 


Mr J. Font 

and Miss WJ. Hudson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. March 8. 1986. at St 
Paul's Church, Rothesay. Bute, 
ofMr John Ford, son of Mr and 
Mrs John Fond. Plymouth, 
Devon, and Miss Wendy Hud- 
son, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Edward Hudson, 
Kilchatton Bay, Bute. 

Mr P.G. Godwin 

and Mrs JJ. Kerr-Bate de 


The marriage took place quietly 
in London on Saturday. March 
8. of Mr Peter G. Godwin and 
Mis Jennifer J. Kerr-Bate de 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

QIM1-Dnin«n LG. lob*CO K cav 
gem *( 

Royal Navy 

promoted Vice-Admiral and TO b£ 

Deputy Chief of the Defence Saif 
ISysieiasi. in succession lo Air Mar- 
shal sir Donald Hal! in October. 

M H Uvesay 10 be Assuan! Chief of 
Naval Staff. In succession to Rear 
Admiral J J Black In July. 

captains: A R H Rogers. AIB as 
Bd Pres. June 1. P B Rowe, 
NEPTUNE in Cmd and as Cdre Clyde 
and Port Cdre Faslane. June 6 no 
sene In rank of Cdre). 

17.6.80: N C F Gufld. HURYALUS. 

<MI di. 10 3 30: R M McGJ?*e 

Queens, io be OO 3 Q uee ns. 10 386; 
A J Schuler R Signals. lo be CO 4 
Amid Dlv S*9 Reel. 10.3.06: D I 
Hanley, to be Cornel Med/OC Station 
Hospital Belize. 26.2.86. 


Malar General d S Pai on late 
RAMC 2.3.86: Colonel O 8 Taylor 
late RAJEC. 15.3. 86. 

Royal Air Force 

to be Air Officer Engineering. Strike 
Command. In succession lo D W 
Richardson. 14.386. 

to British Commanders-in-Chief Mis- 

sion lo the Soviet Forces in Germany. 

~ ' I AFCEKT. 

5 9 86: A M Gregory. RESOLUTION 
1 In Cmd. 3.3.86: R E LlddJard. 

. fayce and Asaoctaies. 

23.5.86: R W Lockyer, HERMES. 
‘ ' yddon. MOt 

18.3.86: A C Lyddon. MOD iLonaon). 
9 986: R J Parkes. MOD (London). 
19.8 86: A R Pvke. MOD (London). 
29 8 86: R J Riches. OTiCNAVHOME. 
9.9.86: R F Snerdtfle. FOF3. 7 8 86. 
R H C Simpson. MOD t London). 
29 4.86. 

and RNEC. 31 7.86; P A Donovan. 
RALEIGH. 24.7.86. 

14.3 86 S G Dru Orury. to 

10.3 86: D T Davies, to Bracknell. 

ton. lo MOD. 10.3.B6: R J McCartney. 
RAF ColttUiatl. 10 3 86. M J 

to RAF Col trenail. 10.3 86. M J 
O’Connor, to HQ SACLANT. 14 J 86. 
K M Douglas, lo MOD. 14.3.86: J C 

French, lo HQ STC. 14.3.86. 

COMMANDERS: 1 K Anderson. 
19.4.86: M Coacher. 30 A. 86. 

The Army 


Brigadier J 

Tempter, late Royal Regiment of 
U Chief of. the 

lo be COMDT HQ AMS T A. 242.1 

- • j £> Bidmead. to mod. 


14.3.86: J Dennis id LB/u. 14.386: 
M G H Edwards IO HQ 1IBF ~ 

HQ liBR) Corps. 
O'Mears to RPO 

14.3 86: SMB O'l 

Leicester. 14 3.86: M j Smith lo 
LEIAI 10 3 86 


Scottish Division. 10-3 86. R . 

R Signals lo be CO 7 Ski Reqi. 
15 3.86: V T M Smith RA. IO BDLS 

EiiHdJ l 0.3 86: » M Venning 2CB. 
.. IO M CO 17 GR. 13 3.86; S v 


Latest appointments include: 
Mrs Heather Eggins to be 
Honorary Secretary of the Soci- 
ety for Research into Higher 
Education, in succession to Dr. 

R.A. Barnett. 

Wing Commander Peter 
Saunders to be Clerk to the 

Trustees of Morden College. 

Blackheaih. London, in succes- 

sion to Mr Arthur Snashall. who 
is to retire. 

Mr Malcolm Dinning to be the 
Forestry Commission's 
Conservator for East England; 
Mr Alan Rix to be conservator 
for the North. 

Clifford Longley 

Marcos lesson for S Africa 

The overthrow of ihe Marcos regime in 

the Philippines has been a dramatic 
note or s 

example of a Christian church working 
as an agent of non-violent social and 
political change in favour of democracy 
and human rights, which is likely to 
become a text-book case for future 
reference, not least in South Africa. 

That Cardinal Jaime Sin can visit 
Europe shortly afterwards, as he is now 
doing, is a measure of die speed with 
which peace has returned lo his country. 
His absence from Manila so soon also 
symbolizes his church's desire not to 
“play politics” although it has the 
opportunity and prestige to do so. 

He has resisted the temptation to 
invest the new Aquino regime with the 
status of an officially approved church 
party, as if they were latter-day Chris- 
tian Democrats. The continental Euro- 
pean churches did not have such 
hesitations after the Second World Wan 
it seemed reasonable at the time to 
promote the revival of post-war demo- 
cratic politics by supporting the emer- 
gence of Christian Democrat parties, 
but it may not have served the health of 
the body politic in the long run, nor the 
interests of churches themselves. 

The legacy of that period in Europe is 
in contrast to the pattern set more 
recently, the Philippines included, of 
official church neutrality in party 
political debate. Until shortly before the 
election, indeed. Cardinal Sin bad been 
saying that the church was prepared to 
work in “critical solidarity” even with 

Marcos, implying a deliberate refusal to 
a prefere 

state a preference between rival parties 
at that stage. 

In Nicaragua a similar desire for party 
political detachment has led to the 
suspension of those priests serving in 
the government This is a significant 
shift towards the Anglo- American pat- 
tern of the relationship between 
churches and parties. 

The difference is that Anglo-Ameri- 
can churches could not exert much 

party political influence even if they 
wanted to. Their reluctance to try to 
change the government is partly a 
reflection of their inability to do so. 

It is also a deliberate choice, arising 
from certain assumptions about the 
demarcation between politics and reli- 
gion in a liberal democracy. Those 
assumptions are shared by the politi- 
cians, for they are sharp to react 
whenever churchmen seem to be tres- 
passing controversially into the 
politican arena. ' 

The electorate makes these assump- 
tions too. There would be outrage if the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Cardinal 
Archbishop of Westminster, and the 
Moderator of the Free Church Federal 
Council used one of their occasional 
joint statements on social issues to 
commend one party to the voters at the 
expense of the others. 

The churches have taken to liberal 
democracy, and even talk at times as if 
no other system could possibly by 
tolerated, rather forgetting their own 

Nevertheless there is a price tag. The . 
often discussed phenomenon of 
“secularization” is nqtjust about the 
contraction of the influence of the 
churches, but even more about the 
expansion of the influence of politics. 
As the “will of God” retreats as an 
arbiter of public morality and culture 
the “will of the people” replaces iL 
What is right becomes synonymous 
with what is lawful. 

This is exactly what is happening in 
the civil law of marriage in Britain, and 
when the Lord Chancellor clashed with 
the Bishop of Birmingham over divorce 
law reform, as happened not long ago, 
they were at the exact interface of these 
two principles. 

Thus there is an irony in the 
Philippine church's invocation of “peo- 
ple power” to bring down Marcos. For 
“people power” is also likely eventually 
to demand abortion and divorce law 

reform, which the church will presum- 
ably fight. 

The ultimate model of the separation 
of church and state is the American one, 
where the greatest liberal democracy in 
the world is also the country with the 
strongest sense that religion is a private 
and personal matter - what used robe 
called the “privatization" of religion 
before the word was given other uses. 

In such a climate varieties of religion 
most suited to it are likely to thrive: it is 
no coincidence that the private and 
personal salvation offered by born- 
again Christianity is on its element 
there. At most, the churches are allowed 
to venture opinions on the issues of the 
day, but those who emphasize a soda! 
Gospel are in a state of perpetual 


The British have less appetite for the 
intense private experience associated 
with being bom again, but tbe British 
churches are in not much less of a 

Having conceeded autonomy to the 
democratic political process, they are 
caught by the inevitable consequence, 
secularization and tbe sense of their 
own irrelevance. Their decline may be 
less their fault than they tend to think. 

Nevertheless liberal democracy is the 
only system likely to support those 
hu man rights which the churches 
themselves would regard as paramount. 
But with “Christian values” guaranteed 
by the law and constitution, their public 
concerns must begin to look more 


Cardinal Sin may envy the English 
churchmen be has been meeting this 
weekend that their problem of tbe 
moment is the Sunday opening of shops 
and not the torture of political prison- 
ers. But there is nodoubt which of them 
is the more “relevant” to the immediate 
needs of their people, litis is a paradox 
which religious institutions in a liberal 
secular democracy have not yet begun 
to solve. 

Service dinners 

Transport Regiment 
Officers of 156 (Merseyside and 
Greater Manchester) Tranport 
Regiment RCT (V) held a ladies' 
dinner night at the George 
Masters, VC, TA Centre. Bootle, 
on Saturday. Major B-AF. Rus- 
sell presided and the principal 
guest was Colonel Sir David 
Cooke. Colonel DJE. Gibbs, 
Honorary Colonel, and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel R. Maxwell. 
Commanding Officer, also 

The Essex Army Cadet Force 

Colonel ET. Boddye. County 

Plans to convert the Dandey 
Mausoleum at Cobham, Kent, 
into a house have been given 
tbe go-ahead by Mr Kenneth 
Baker, Secretary of State for 
the Environment (Charles 
Knevitt, Our Architecture 
Correspondent, writes). 

Proposals (shown top) pre- 
pared for the Earl of Dandey 
by Mrs Jane Wade and Mr 
John Sell of Sell Wade 
Postins, were submitted to 
Gravesend Borough Council In 
1983 and a public inquiry was 
held the following year. The 
building, pictured as it is 
today, is the target of vandal- 

The inspector accepted that 
“the building is too important 
to be allowed to degenerate 
into a ruin, and ~ that the only 
reasonable prospect of protect- 
ing the building is to have 
someone in permanent resi- 
dence on the site.” 

Cadet Commandant, and oi 
cers of The Essex Army Cadet 
Force dined at the County 
Training Centre. Colchester, on 
Saturday. Ueuienant-Colond 
D.G. MuDis presided and die 
principal guests were Colonel 

J.Hi. Parker, retiring Honorary 
l Colonel R.C. 

Sir Anthony 

A memorial service for Sir 
Anthony Rawlinson will be held 
in Westminster Abbey at noon 
on Tuesday, April 8. 1986. 
Those wishing to attend are 
asked to apply for tickets, in 
writing, to: The Receiver Gen- 
eral, 20 Dean’s Yard. West- 
minster Abbey, London. SWIP 
3PA enclosing a stamped, ad- 
dressed envelope. Applications 
for tickets should be received by 
Monday, March 24. 1986, and 
tickets will be posted on 
Wednesday, April 2, 1986. AH 
are very welcome. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Lawrence Airey. 60; Sir 
Robert Bellinger, 76; Air Chief 
Marshal Sir Brian Burnett, 73; 
Sir Angus Fraser, 58; Sir Samuel 
Goldman. 74; Sir Charles 
Groves, 71; Sir Charles Hardie. 
76; Sir Michael Havers, QC. 
MP, 63; Mr Terry Holmes, 29; 
Mr Hugh Johnson. 47; Mr 
Michael Montague, 54; Vice- 
Admiral Sir Geoffrey Robson, 
84; Sir Michael Siraker, 58; 
Dame Eva Turner, 94. 

Judge to deliver 
Reith lectures 

Lord McCluskey. the Scot- 
tish judge and Solicitor Gener- 
al for Scotland in the last 
Labour Government, is to 
deliver the 1986 BBC Reith 

He is the first judge to give 
the lectures and has chosen 
the title “Law, Justice and 
Democracy” for his series of 
six talks which begins on 
Radio 4 in November. 

Lord McCluskey will con- 
sider how the need to preserve 
the independence of Judges 
can be reconciled with tbe 
need, in a democracy, to hold 
those who exercise power 
responsible to those affected 
by it. 

Lord McCluskey plans to 
consider the role of judges, 

acting with and without janes, 
in developing and applying 
civil and criminal law in the 
United Kingdom. 

He intends to examine the 
qualificatons and experience 
that judges bring to their task, 
tbeir techniques, the extent of 
the discretion afforded to 
them and the factors that 
influence how they exercise 
their responsibilities. 

He also plans to examine 
the role of the jury and the 
arguments for extending tbe 
power of the courts, whether 
by enacting a Bill of Rights or 
by changing the form of 
legislation, with a view to 
securing justice which is swift- 
er, cheaper and more obvious- 
ly in accord with the spirit of 
the law. 

Lord McCluskey is a Sena- 
tor of the College of Justice in 
Scotland and will speak in a 
personal capacity. He wil be 
the 39th Reith lecturer. 

Colonel, and 
Tomkins, incoming Honorary 
ColoacL ... 



The Speaker and Mrs Weatherill 
were hosts at a dinner held at the 
House of Commons on Satr 
urday in honour of the Federa- 
tion of Merchant Tailors. The 
speakers were Mr Montague 
Mots, president of ihe federa- 
tion, and Mr RJfright, honorary 
secretary. The guests included 
Mr J. Lesser, President of the 
Association of Wholesale Wool- 
len Merchants, Mr E. Wade. 
Principal of the London College 
of Fashion, Mr J. Wells. Presi- 
dent of the Master Tailors 
Benevolent Association, and Mr 
T. Edge, Chairman of the Cloth- 
ing and Allied Products- In- 
dustry Training Board. 

this week 


Today 12-30: MW on EEC torn) 

■ on parliamentary prtvt- 

w <2.30: .Debate on .EEC 


Motion on Northern 

shipping poHcy. Motion on 
Ireland local government o 
Wednesday i2-30>: Deabtes 

on Oroo- 

mon moOooa on jar CUy and on 

wppon cor_*todCT hL . _ . ; _ 

Fund am. , an 

IB lOolcS). 

._ __ reorganisa- 
tion of IM NHS. 

Today <2.30* Education WB. second 

Tomorrow 1230* Seat DWTllDlnstfcn 

am. committee. 

Wednesday 12.30): Debates on miciear 
war and on disarmament. _ 

Thursday >ST. Local Government BQL 

Little Ship Gub 

The Little Ship Club celebrates 

its diamond jubilee this year, 
founded in 1926. 

having been 
The Jubilee Fitting Out Supper 
is being held on March 21 at toe 
Naval CJuh. The president. Sir 
Owen Aisber, will preside, as- 
sisted by Mr P.G. Per™, com- 
modore, and tbe guest of honour 
wiD be Sir Edward du Cano, 

Hillstone Downs 

The proposed merger between 
Hillstone School, Malvern, and 
The Downs School. ColwaU, 
will not take place. 

Science report 

New licence likely for interferon drug to fight cancer 

After a hesitant start, the future looks 
promising for a new generation of anti-cancer 
drugs, based on the interferon family of agents, 
and other similar molecules. They are sub- 
stances produced normally by the body daring 
a virus infection. 

After successful trials in treating an 
uncommon form of leukemia with interferon 
extracts, tbe Committee for Safety of Medi- 
cines has approved the nse of two versions of 
interferon in Britain for this particular 
disorder, known as hairy cell leukemia. 

The licences are for Kir by-Warrick Pharma- 
ceuticals (the UK end of the Schering-Plaugh 
drug company) and Wellcome Biotechnology. 
A third approval should be issued this week to 
Hofljnann-La Roche. 

A number of cancers are being treated with 
interferon in clinical trials by international 

One of these groups is at tbe Royal 
Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith 
Hospital, London, where Professor Karel 
Sicora said: “Over the next ten years the best 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

approach to cancer treatment could come from 
the nse of natural biological preparations. 
They would be used in conjunction with other 

Dr Sicora. who is professor of oncology, 
said: “We do not know- bow interferon stops tu- 
mours growing. The mechanism is being 
investigated in the laboratory'' 

“When it is understood it might be possible 
to select which of more than 30 interferons is 
best for a specific treatment. Or the research 
might show that only a small part of an 
interferon molecule is involved in stopping 
to mo in' growth. That could lead to prepara- 
tions which were simpler to produce.” 

Interferon is secreted naturally by tbe white 
blood cells of the body during a virus infection. 
Bat the normal white ceils wfll not grow outside 
the body. 

So although interferon and its anti-viral 
properties were discovered nearly 30 years ago, 
by Dr A tick Isaacs and Dr Jean Lindenmann, 
at the National Institute for Medical Research, 

London, there was no way of translating the 
finding into a treatment for virus diseases. 

In perhaps the longest development pro- 
gramme for any drag, three routes were 
eventually established to make the substance. • 
Limited and expensive amounts became 
available in Scandinavia from tbe late 1960s, 
following a method perfected in research for 
the Finnish Red Cross by extracting interferon 
from donated blood. 

The method now providing the hugest 
amounts, of what is regarded as natural 
product, was invented by WeUcome Biotech- 
nology to obtain Weflferoo. 

The Wellcome scientists found a human cell 
type called a lymphoUastoid. It both generates 
interferon and gr ow s in fermentation. The 
reason why these types of cells grow in culture 
is because they are Hones of a tumour cell 
They are called Namalwa cells, named after 
the young girl from which the originals were 
obtained. They were treated to render them 

However, the clones stQI produce die same 
mixtare oTniolecnles as the natnval white odlsj 
in the body to which they are similar. A series 
of purification steps extracts the alpha-l 
interferon molecule from the mixture. There 
are at least 16 members of the alpha-type in' 
that mixture. 

The third route, used by Erby-Warrick, can 
single out a specific alpha-interferon molecule. 
The one for which approval has been given for 
treating leukemia is railed Intron A. The same I 
substance is undergoing trials in three otherf 
types of tomoar. 

The process for obtaining Intron A is an 
application of the recombinant DNA approach 
to genetic engineering. 

ft means that tbe gene responsible fori 
instructing a white Mood ce& to produce 
interferon has been snipped biochemically] 
from the ce!L That gene is transferred to a; 
harmless strain of bacteria, which is grown in 
fermentation tanks. As it grows it produces tbe| 
interferon molecule, which is again separated] 
by a series of purification steps. 


Pioneering American 
abstract artist 


Georgia O’Keeffe, the 
American painter, who otea in 
Santa Fe, New Mexico, on 
March 6, at the age of 9V 
spent much ofher working m* 
at the centre of the contro ver- 
syover American modernism; 
but she hersrifhelonged to nd 
school and developed her own 
style in virtually complete 
disregard of the work jam 
ideas of her husband. Alfred 
Stieglite,. and those around 
him. ; 

O’Keeffe had an improba- 
ble background for an Ameri- 
can artist. She was bom an a_ 
fonn in Sun Prairie, Wiscon- 
sin, and had no contact with 
the arts until the age of 15, 
when her family moved to 
Williamsburg, VHgjnia. 

She studied there and at tbe 
Art Institute. Chicago, before 
going to New York. She won 
various prizes; but discour- 
aged by formal training, .she 
gave up painting entirely in 
favour of commercial art, 
until persuaded to teach m the . 
University of Virginia and at 
Amarillo, Texas, where she 
first encountered the evoca- 
tive, barren landscapes so - 
important to her later work. 

In 1916 her career took a 
sew turn when she went to 
study with Arthur Dow at. 
Columbia University. Dow 
was much concerned with 
abstracting design along lines 
suggested oy Far Eastern art. 
Under his influence she, too, 
began to produce abstract 
drawings in charcoal, em- 
bodying shapes suggestive of 
the animal and plant world. 

She also started to work in 
watercolours, and this first 
brought ber into contact with 
Alfred Stiegtitz who exhibited 
it in his innovative and influ- 
ential 291 Gallery. 

She soon gave up teaching 
altogether ana devoted herself 
to her art. Though from then ' 
on one of the central members 
of the group around Stieglitz, 
with whom she held many 
principles in common, she. 
always adhered strictly to the 
development of a highly per- 
sonal style. 

In 1922 she had her first 
one-man show at the Ander- 
son Galleries, New York, and 

in 1924 she married Suegife, 

. From that point there was a 
me thodical evolution of he 
own an and a . gradual 
recognition ofher viral robin 
the development of American 

modernism: , this was 
signalled by retrospectives# 
the Chicago Art Institute - S# 
1943, the Museum ofModera 
Art, New York, . in 1946, ami 
many more. • 

O'Keeffe's work built 
steadily 6a the abstract 
drawings made at her second 
beginning in 1916; though all 
her paintings 'were closely 
based on observable phenom- 
ena is the world around her. 
Others, in her . Predskmist, 
Cubo-ReaHst manner, derived 
fromhighly simplified obser- 
vation of already geometrical 
fortes taken from nature - 
In the early 1930s rite foist 
became fascinated by bones, 
arid as the’ decade processed, 
maeasrugly bY thesktdl. often . 
almost surreausticafly treated^ 

In 1943 she' began another 

"series of bone- pictures, this 
time- inspired by the pelvis 
and the characteristic holes in 
its bones- ‘ *. 

If there was any significant 
development m her work, it 
was in the directum of greater 
abstraction, and yet there was 
always a sense -of retailed 
links with the ; organic uni- 

In recent years OTCeefle 
had been re-discovered My 
feminist art criticism; but her 
art continued to reject any 
pandering^© fashion. 

Professor Hugh O’Neill, 
who died on February 24 at 


O'Neill was a prolific au- 
thor; publishing more than 
sixty papers, chiefly on" thq '. 
deformation of metals, and a" 
weflknown book. Hardness of 
Metals and Its Measurement. 
in 1934. . 

He was a Founder Fellow of 
tbe^Iasntution of .Metallur- 
gistyin T945, and served on its 

tbe age or 86, was one of the 
country’s most eminent met- 
allurgists who had a distin- 
guished career both with the 
old London Midland and 
Scottish Railway and as an 
academic in the University of 

„isr Ev^ss=ss 

BMet from die University of 
Sheffield and afterwards lec- 
tured for thirteen years at tbe 
University of Manchester 
where he took his doctorate: 

Rom 1934 to 1947 he was 
Chief Metallurgist-of the LMS 
Railway at Derby and_ then he 
occupied the Chair in Metal- 
lurgy at University College, 
Swansea, from which be re- 
tired twenty years ago. 

spoke out boldly for linking 
joetafluigica] studies with the 
wider cultures. 

During the Second World 
War he served various govern- 
ment departments and other 
organisations concerned with 
welding, fuel efficiency and 
foundries. . 

He was also active in many, 
areas of education, and bad 
been a voluntary Prison Visi- 
tor since 1930. 


Rear-Admiral Winfield 
Scott Cunningham, who died 
on March 3, in Memphis, 
Tennessee, at the age of 86, 
commanded the American 
forces who made a short-lived 
but spirited defence pf Wake 
Island, in the catastrophic 
early -days of the Japanese 
offensive in the Pacific in 

Cunningham, a naval avia- 
tor, had been transferred to 
Wake Island only a week 
before ibe.Japanese attack on 
Pearl Harbor, and he took 
command of a small force of 
US marines, seamen and civil- 
ian construction workers, 
whose makeshift, armament 
included guns removed from 
scrapped battleships, a few 
machine guns and a half- 
dozen outmoded F4F fighter 

Nevertheless, when the Jap-, 
anese arrived to invade on 
December 11, the defenders 
repulsed them, sinking two 
destroyers in the process. 

The Japanese subjected 
Wake to continuous air attack 
in subsequent days and on 
December 22 returned with 
stronger forces, effecting, a 
landing at night, Though the 
garrison fought back it was 
eventually compelled to sur-. 
render. . - • 

Cunningham, who spent the 
rest, of the war as a prisoner, 
subsequently served at. the 
Memphis Naval .Air Station 
and retired from the US Navy 
in 1950. “ : V 

Lord Jeffreys, 2nd Baron, 
died on - February 13.- He 
succeeded to the title on the 
death of his' grandfather rin 

The Queen’s message 
to the Commonwealth 


The following is the text of ihe 

Queen’s message to the 
Commonwealth issued today. 
Commonwealth Day- 

With the approach of my 60th 
birthday this year, 1 have been 
reflecting on the changes which 
have taken place in the 
Commonwealth daring the 34 
years in which 1 have been its 

I have now visited all the 
independent countries of ihe 
Commonwealth ' and I have 
watched and welcomed its 
growth into a group of 49 
nations spread over every conti- 
nent and ocean and containing a 
quarter of the world’s popula- 

Each country chooses to be- 
long. because it believes that the 
Commonwealth has a val uabl e 
pan to play in- the world. The 
importance of its role was 
dearly shown at .the. successful 
Heads of Government Meeting 
last. year at Nassau. 

My thoughts are often with 
the millions of young people - 

who make up more than half the 
Commonwealth, especially “on 
this Commonwealth Day. They 
deserve all. tho help ana all the 

opportunities we can give th#m. 


. I have a message- for them, 
and n is this. 1 have seen- 
everywhere the eagerness and 
sense of adventure you all share. 
I have been touched by your 
ttmrage and your sympathy for 
those in need,, and by your 
capacity for friendship. ■ 

I ask you now to take every 
chance, to get. ta know 'more 
about the people of other 
Commonwealth countries, .sod 
to mceS them and help thejf, 
whenever you can " •')- 

To gether you can -noT only 
strengthen the spirit of the 
Com monweafth itself, but jbIso 
contribute, by. showing good- 
will, tolerance and undersiand- 
Ing, to- the easing of world 
tensions which threaten afl. peo- 
ples. Between us we ran help to 
ensure that we-, may overcome 
hardship ahd 'poverty and live 
together in peace and freedom. 

Latest wills 

Mr John Desmond Cronin, of 
MaryZebone, London, Labour 
MP for Loughborough 1955- 
1979, who was found dead after 
felling off his horse in Hamp- 
shire. left estate, valued at 
£304.459 net. 

Mr Granville Whittaker Taylor, . 
of Burton in Lonsdale. North 
Yorishire. left estate valued at 

£1,048343 tret. He left his estate 
to relatives. ( 

Miss Dorothy Jessie Engiigi. of 
SeUy Oak, Birmingham,', ‘the 
'’“‘J? actress, left estate valued 

at £124,149 neL' 

Mr Edgar Wifliani PfUangfoiL, of 
Steventon, Shropshire, retired 
; company', director, left estate 
31 £l ,’ 77 ^3S5 net: Which 
ne text mostly to two 

K. ; ‘ ■ 

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A* ■ * 

! .... 

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ja' fe - A * : - 

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■- c 

Noose awM reaaashJy caO 
ZJ* South Book Show QTV, 
i yesterday)aa absolute begin- 

• Off. b ine hogiimt gf the 

novd by Grim Madia 
transformed hrfn Die |gfeg| 
white, hope of the British film 
industry.. The South Book 
Show- is ft ' gemot; It has 
sustained a position of pre- 
MhKKelh file Grid ofteferi- 
siM lits .cweqgr for some 
yens. - 

The’ novel Absolut* Begin- 
ners -also- nsesthe word 
"conscript” to describe mature 
persons of United .bnagmatien 
who me in receipt of regnlar 
wages. There is a towch of die 
conscript about The Simti I 
Book She wy in covering the 
major events m the arts with 

^documentaries which are at 

least technically iiiepmacfr- 
aUe and throughly resear- 
ched, and at best works of art 
in their own right, the pro- 
gramme has acquired a format 
from which it rerdy deviates. 

The format has its merits. 
In yesterday's programme we 
were traded to an interes 
interview with the director 
producer of Absolute _ 
men, JnEen Temple and _ 
Woolley, who talked about a 
teenage age which began in the 
Fifties and ended with Pnakia 
the nnd-Seventies. Added to 
this were st unning clips from 
the mnskal and generous mo- 
ments mi the film’s sets. ' 

- 9 ) However, tiiey also talked 
about the strategies they 
adopted to acqmre the Pm«v 
( coyly estimated at between 
£ 6 m. and £7m.) for the film, 
and there was an attempt to 
discass the British film indns- 

try as a whole. 

If ever there was an idea 
whose time had come, this was 
it - and yet the format did not 
permit the discasaoB to range 
beyond the film kselL Thu an 
important opportunity to ac- 
quaint the pablic with the state 
-of cinema in Britain, and m the 
world, wu missed. 

Frustrating as this pro- 
gramme may have bren, it was 
splendid by comparison with 
My Britain, a persona! view by 
the journalist Christopher 
.Hitchens soeened on Channel 
* 4 , which was as callow and 
sloppily directed as that tokr- 
‘ ant part of the medium allows. 

Celia Brayfield 



R Muurap lHt B> tin Mtawl and Rowan 
AtWnson l 

Liza Minnelli 


It was of course a coincidence 
that Liza Minnelli opened her 
British season the same week 
that Frank Sinatra's version of 
Kander and Ebb's “Theme 
from New York, NewYork" 
achieved its unhkdy placing 
in the Top 10 singles chart; a 
coincidence which had not 
escaped Miss Minnelli's atten- 
tion. The song, she declared, 
had been written by “my two 
best friends in the whole 
world, and they wrote it for 
me, specially for me**. So 
saying, she proceeded to belt it 
out with the kind of vigour 
that one suspects would nave 
left Sinatra a little breathless, 
even 30 years ago. 

Proprietorial points at stake 
or not, the extraordinary ener- 
gy and vivacious enthusiasm 
with which Minnelli broached 
her chosen material were, as 
ever, her most distinctive 
characteristics. . 

Wearing a beaded scarlet 
top and black skirt she began 
with the Irving Berlin stan- 
dard “Blue Skies”, which suf- 
fered rough treatment at the 
hands of a ruinous chicken-in- 
foe-basket funk rhythm. A 
medley of sad songs packaged 
Vegas-style within a fragment- 
ed version of Elton John's 
“Sad - Songs (Say So Much)” 
fared little better. 

But . where she had freer 
rein to impose her dominating 
personality on to material of a 

more specifically narrative na- 
ture, she presented a more 
engaging front “I've Cot to 
Get -to London Town”, the 
story of a' travelling .woman 
with gradually loosening mor- 
als, and her tale of Ella Finch, 
a compulsive shoplifter, were 
two of many witty and sharply 
observed vignettes that pro- 
vided a loose theme for the 

Despite the range of these 
characters — from her friend 
: 1 a with a “relationship” 
to the old marriage 
partner complaining “You’ve 
Let Yourself Go” — they all 
ended up as another part of 
Liza Minnelli rather than vice 
versa Be it the Mad Woman 
of Chaillot, or Mama Rose 
from Gypsy Lee, no matter 
what their origins, they all 
became the same brassy, 
streetwise, saddened but resu- 
ient survivor of bruising emo- 
tional battles; consistently 
more was learnt about the 
narrator than about the sub- 

. The expected encore of 
“Cabaret” was revealing for 
its slight but significant 
change of words, Minnelli 
makings very dear announce- 
ment that, unlike her friend in 
die song who died from too 
much pills and liquor, “when I 
go Fm not going lib: Elsie” 
And indeed, whatever Liza 
Minnelli does, she will doubt- 
less do it like Liza Minnelli or 
not at aQ. 

David Sinclair 

by OonaU Cooper 

Rowan Atkinson: 
The New Revue 


After circling his microphone 
with the gait of an atrabilious 
flamingo and firing off an 
opener in the character of a 
vicar bidding a last farewell to 
three members of the congre- 
gation be is heartily glad to be 
laying to rest. Rowan Atkin- 
son then comes downstage to 
greet his fans. How nice, he 
says, to have a few friendly 
words with us, and to be 
normal for a minute or two. 
Meanwhile, his neck is under- 
going violent spasms and his 
arms are trying to detach 
themselves from his body. If 
there is one thing Atkinson 
cannot do, it is to be himself 

Like his 1981 show. The 
New Revue is a gallery of 
grotesques. For each one he 
has a facial mask which 
remains as firmly in place 
throughout the sketch as if 
made of papier mache. There 
is his Eari of Stockton, tongue 
lolling and upper lip drawn 
down over the teeth; there is 
his cribbing exam candidate, 
eyes slyly zipping from side to 
side and blubber lips pushed 
forwards; there is a menagerie 
of winsomely elegant binds 
and fish, and a hobgoblin rock 
star pulverized by his own 

His range is as inexaustible 
as a rubber toy that can be 

Dance: CEve Barnes finds Glen Tetley returning to form 
and building a North American reputation at last 


..... O’Keefe Center, 

$XBen Tetley’s major new ere- 
ation Alice, just : premiered 
Item by the National Ballet of 
Canada, is a matter of impor- 
tance to Erik Bruhn's resur- 
gent company, and also to 
Tetley hrmsdtJfis reputation 
as a choreographer has always 
stood far higher in Europe 
than m North America; and 
thus the evident success of 
Alice might serve not so much 
to rehabilitate Tetley’s Ameri- 
can reputation .as to establish 
it. ... 

Always. -an admirer of 
Tetley's talent, I am not 
certain that I see in Alice any 
great advance. But it is car- 
plainly one ofhis better. w orks, 
T a welcome return to form after 
such disappointments as his 
blustery Daphnis and Ckloe 
for the Houston Ballet and an 
obstiiramist Dream Walk eg 
the Shaman for Italy’s Ater- 
balletto, both recently seen in 

AUce is a memory ballet, 
. and is bound to evoke after- 
images of Tudor and even 
MacMillan. It is a vast dis- 
tance from the Alice in 
Womderland created in 1953 
for Festival Ballet by Michael 
Charaley. from which only the 

recollection of John Gilpin’s 

: White Rabbit survives, like 
$ the grin of the Cheshire CaL 
Tetky had no wish to abat e a 
mimetic version of the Lewis 
Carroll classics- tsan 

J attempt lo relate foe fiction to 
- ilSTcality, entwining Carroffs 
■ fantasy with, foe actual figures 
of the Revd Charles Dodgsom 
‘-and his youthful muse, Alice 
Uddefl. ■ . 

Tetley, dearly fascinated by 
literary excursions info fo® 
■eminent Victorian relation- 
ship, found his initial mspro- 
• lion in David Dd Tredici s 
v Pulitzer- prize" score Child 
Alice, in particular foe first 

C min. Twr Memwrv nil n 

The delightfully high promise of Kimberley Gtasco, with 
Owen Montague's elegantly distraught White Rabbit; and 
(below) Rex Harrington's incongruously Byromc lover 

tennmedly dramatic, and it is 
sometimes difficult to believe 
that if was not written *eib 

; aay preseatHticm m mm d. 

ftomfoc moment foe scrim 
, rises on Nadine. Bay&*s se*- 
. tint ft world of the lichened 
. rocks <& memory, eomjwete 
with a rabbit-bote and its. 
baili-in mnror.Tedey isnme- 
. diately shows his hand, we 
have not onebui two Alias. 

the child ofsunnncrniemory 

- letter Kimberiy Gfasco or 
Sabine Aflemarm) and tiw 
mature Alice Haignraves {Ka^ 

rpn R«u) —ail force absolute- 

§ delightful, wftb Gfasro 
. .shoving vrhy. many regsrii her 
as Canada’s next balkrioa. . 

Now, unfortunately, what 
we also see is “Lewis CarrolF 
in the dashing person of of 
Rex Harrington, cutting foe 
figure of a positively Bronte 
lover with his young Alice, is 
this any likely resemblance to 

the true Dadgson/Udddl rda- 

UVAUtUlj/i A wim ** — — — —r" - 

romantic love is re-emiaa- 
sred vto Tetley introduces 
a strong element of parallei- 
isnr m foe choreography, wrth 
duets by Dodgson . and foe 
young Alice being mirrored by 
iose between die-. mature 

Alice and her husband, anofo- 
cr stalwartiy romantic por- 
trayal, by Peter Oilman. 

This psychological chaw is 
dEcpened by having Mr Oil- 
man double in the rote of foe 
Caterpillar. However it is in 
the whimsical Carrojiian 
^uns and fauna, rather than 

in the conventional dances 
allotted to the forcedly roman- 
' ticized reality, that Tetley 
scores choreographically. His 
elegantly distraught While 
Rabbit (Owen Montague) and 
foe . March Hare (John AH- 
eyne) are sharply character- 
ized, as are the neurotic Mad 
Hatter (Jeremy Ransom) and 
the oppressed Dormouse (Da- 
vid Allen). Yet where Tetley 
has been most successful of all 
is in his evocation of atmo- 

Alice is one of those ballets 
where the whole is markedly 
more impressive than the sum 
of its pans, and at foe end its 
various planes of memory and 
reality do indeed intermingle 
imo a summery blur of hazy 
memory/ The ballet lingers 
pleasantly, and thoughtfully, 
in foe mind. 



Purcell Room 

twisted into any shape. But, 
again and again, what comes 
over is a view of the world as a 
classroom under foe control of 
a mad pedagogue. Atkinson's 
authority figures, though they 
may slip into Scots or Geordie 
accents, do not suffer from 
nervous twitches, and speak 
out in bold ringing tones. It is 
those on foe receiving end 
who go into convulsions, and 
they are at their funniest when 
they do not speak at all. 

The almost wordless maths 
exam, with Atkinson simulat- 
ing a bluebottle to distract bis 
fellow candidates and then 
swatting foe invisible insect 
when canghi out. is one 
marvellously sustained exam- 
ple. Another is his ordeal as a 
tube traveller assaulted by an 
invisible man in foe next seat 
and favouring foe other pas- 
sengers with a sickly smile 
when released from being held 
upright with two unseen fin- 
gers up his nostrils. Some- 
times (as in that sketch) the 
worm turns; and, when it 
comes to dialogue, his writers 
(Vic Curtis and Ben Elton) are 
dab hands at double-edged 
compliments and poisoned 
bouquets. In one such re- 
vengeful flight, Atkinson 
comes on to receive an acting 
prize on behalf of an envied 
colleague and launches into a 
snarling massacre of~West End 
theatregoing that develops 
well beyond the complaints of 
an underdog. 

Here, if anywhere, be is 
speaking directly and knows 
what he is talking about 

Where he (ouches on politics, 
though, with limp, mindless 
one-liners, the show really 
does descend to the fifth form 
level; and finally touches rock 
bottom in foe famous roll-call 
sketch which be has now 
disastrously re-written entire- 
ly in ruderics. 

He is partnered by Angus 
Deayton, who plausibly intro- 
duces himself as Atkinson's 
bodyguard and foes sinks into 
the role of a malcontent feed. 
Mr Deayton is an able come- 
dian and more could have 
been made of bis mutinous 
feelings towards the star. As it 
is, he is mainly limited to 
playing the blank-faced 
stooge, thus underlining foe 
hoarily conventional form of 
Robin !e Fevre’s production, 
which consists of isolated 
sketches terminating in 
punch-lines and blackouts. 
This might still do for a full 
company revue, but a two- 
man show demands some- 
thing more fluid. 

Still, as ever, you are finally 
left with foe unarguable fact of 
Atkinson's comic indestructi- 
bility, and of his immense 
skill; whether performing a 
news summary for foe deaf, 
illustrated with home-made 
punning sign-language, each 
gesture as witty and economi- 
cal as a one-line drawing; or 
coming on as an Indian waiter 
serving a party of nine beer- 
sodden drunks, each one as 
visible as in a Bill Tidy 

Irving Wardle 


Lontano /Martinez 
St John’s 

This was the riskiest of foe 
current bountiful season of 
BBC Invitation Concerts, of- 
fering four new or newish 
pieces by young or youngish 
composers. A success rate of 
25 per cent is probably about 
par for the course on these 
occasions: it was just a pity 
that the best piece came first, 
and that after foe inventive 
high spirits of Martin Butler's 
Concertino there was rather a 
long dying fall. But at least 
expectations were kept high by 
the sympathetic and wide- 
awake musicianship of 
Lontano under their tireless 
conductor Odaline de la Mar- 

Butler's piece well repaid all 
their efforts. Commissioned 
by foe London Sinfonietta, 
and scored for the basic 
Sinfonietta ensemble, it spins 
with characterful solos for 
everybody, usually couched 
within a complex interweave 
that is perfectly imagined. The 
ideas grow towards clarity and 
definition, except for a 
Messiaen-style last trump on 
the trombone. There is a touch 
of Birtwistle in the mix too. 

Bournemouth SO/ 

Festival Hall 

Mahler's Ninth Symphony on 
its own makes for a short 
concert, but foe work itself is 
so rich musically, so com- 
pletely achieved, that it effort- 
lessly stands by itself. Or 
should do. Having tried to 
respect Rudolf Barshai's view 
of it on his on terms. I am 
bound to say that this became 
increasingly difficult as his 
performance went on, and 
finally impossible. 

You could tell from Bar- 
shai's bride, matter-of-fact 
treatment of foe symphony’s 
very opening bars that he was 
not going to hang about 
unduly: and to start with it 
seemed that his very direct. 
no-nonsense, almost Hinde- 
mithian approach to Mahler’s 
complex first-movement 
structure might yield genuine 
if unusual dividends. But, by 
the lime we were into foe 
development, there could be 
only one conclusion; no way. 
There seemed to be no aware- 
ness whatever of the music’s 
ebb and flow, of its subtle 

and maybe some Boulez, but 
foe work has a life and a 
brilliance of its own. Butler is 
still completing his studies at 
Princeton, but on this evi- 
dence he has linle to learn 
about orchestration, or about 
creating a multi-faceted musi- 
cal movement that runs and 

It did show up quite baldly 
foe dim level of imagination 
in two other pieces on the 
programme: these are perhaps 
better left in foe obscurity 
which they did so little to 
trouble. But Roger Marsh's 
Song of Abigail had its mo- 
ments, chiefly thanks to foe 
presence of Frances Lynch as 

Marsh seems to be some- 
where near the beginning of a 
project to set foe Bible, and 
here he casts a cynical eye on 
one of foe less admirable 
episodes in foe life of King 
David. He makes a very little 
music go a long way, and foe 
odd reproductions of Anglican 
psalm-chanting are not as 
funny as they ought to be. But 
there was certainly charm in 
Miss Lynch's amused, demot- 
ic account of Abigail’s dubious 

Paul Griffiths 

inter-action of elements, of its 
underlying sense of appalling 
crisis. The wonderful horn- 
call in foe coda had been so 
erroneously set up by the 
previus 20 -odd minutes that 
even this usually magical mo- 
ment went for nothing — a 
shame, because it was superb- 
ly played. 

The two basically anti-ex- 
pressive inner movements not 
surprisingly came across 
much better, with an impres- 
sively trenchant Rondo-Bur- 
leske. But Barshai's attitude to 
foe final adagio can only be 
called an aberration. 

It must be slow; Mahler’s 
indications in foe score are 
quite specific. Barshai's basic 
tempo was so quick as to make 
nonsense of the music on its 
own terms (phrasing and har- 
mony hopelessly undercut), to 
say nothing of its context 
within the symphony as a 
whole. The pity was that some 
consistently controlled and 
beautiful orchestral playing — 
lovely divided strings in foe 
closing bars, for instance - 
found itself being so sadly 

Malcolm Hayes 

Joaquin Rodrigo's position as 
Spain's first man of music 
remains unchallenged, yet per- 
haps after all he is more of a 
patchy composer than his high 
reputation suggests. Unques- 
tionably so, in fact, if the 
contents of this recital, the 
third event in London’s ex- 
travagant celebrations of his 
eighty-fifth birthday, are to be 
taken as representative, 
though we would do well to 
remember that Britten, for 
example, arguably our closest 
national equivalent, could oc- 
casionally produce some fairly 
ordinary music. 

One of the misses here was a 
seemingly unending sequence 
of Canciones valencianas , ar- 
rangements of folk-tunes for 
violin and piano made in 
1982, where too often the 
piano accompaniments were 
naive and prosaic, laden with 
much dull and rather obvious 
sequential writing. Another 
was Serenaia al alba del dia 
for violin and guitar, again 
from 1982, whose dry sparse- 
ness recalls foe Stravinsky of 
the 1920s only without foe 
same tartness. 

Yet in 1966 Rodrigo's abili- 
ty to charm was as great as 
ever, as the engaging Sonata 
pimpante for violin and piano 
from that year demonstrated. 
The central Adagio wove foe 
same sort of spells as that 
famous slow movement from 
a certain Concierto de 
Aranjues, while there was a 
nice sense of contrast in the 
first movement and the finale 
purveyed an attractive line is 
sharp, quasi-bitonal pranks. 
Agustin Leon Ara and Eugene 
de Canck played with the 
utmost sympathy and skill. 

Earlier the guitarist Pepe 
Romero cleverly prefaced four 
of foe master’s works with a 
parallel sequence that pointed 
out their obvious antecedents. 
Thus foe suavely done Fanta- 
sia by Luis de Milan exploited 
many of the same technical 
devices as Rodrigo’s Tiento 
antiguo. while Albeniz’s- 
“Smolla" painted a local pic- 
ture. and did so rather more 
exuberantly than Rodrigo's 
serenely beautiful Junto al 
Generalife, Similarly two clas- 
sical works, Fernando Sort 
Introduction, Theme and 
Variations and Giuliani's 
Grand Overture, provided 
some sort of link with 
Rodrigo's suite Tres pequenas 
piezas and another crisp and 
witty guitar sonata. Romero 
played everything with a 
heartfelt dedication that was 
obviously his persona] hom- 

Stephen Pettitt g 


A twelve bottle case of the superb 
Vacqueyras A.C. C6tes du Rhone 1982 (75cl bonjes) 
from The Victoria Wine Company 
only £36 

\i‘hen we offered the Vacqueyras 1981. it became an immediate 
favourite. New, we have obtained 1200 cases of the 1982 vintage 
which, we believe, is even more delicious. 

The vines of the highly- rated Cave Cooperative de Vacqueyras are 
set in terraces among the foothills of the Mom de Yentoux. By 
controlling the held of these vines and by skilled blending of four 
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classic red wine is produced, in the traditional Rhone style. 

David Bedford. Master of Vine, notes the wine as having 
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round, succulent flavour with a concentrated depth of fruit. It is 
now drinking at its rer\- best and wifi he at its peak over the next 
luvlre months. The perfect wine to enjoy with roast meats or 

At the exceptional price of £36 per case - just £3.00 per 
bottle - < and remember the budget is fast approaching: ) it is to 
be highly recommended. 


The Vtnoria wine Company limned. Bcju^ered in England No IW »5 RcgiMcrcd Office 
Brook House. Chertaev Road. Voting. Surrcv Gl 21 *BE Telephone IHH 02 * 0 oo 

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OR TELEPHONE Woking (O-ifin: > S 0 fc 6 X 303 


I wish to order case. * of ibe Vacqueyras A.C Cato du Rbfinc 

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fVtvi-e ttppmpn, ih- Any 

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34%. That’s the profit increase Hanson 
Trust is forecasting for its current financial 

From £252.8 million in 1985 to not less 
than £340 million. On the face of it, great 
news for Hanson’s shareholders. 

But where will these increased profits 
come from? 

Well, we estimate that around 20% 
(some £52 million) will come from interest 
savings arising from last year’s rights issue. 
In other words, a once-and-for-all gain paid 
for by investors. 

Profits, certainly But are these profits 

from organic business growth? 

Out with the scissors. Lop off 20%. 

That leaves 14%. Still a relatively 

healthy increase. But from where? 

We estimate that £32 million should 
come from the first-time contribution to 
Hanson profits from SCM - a company 
bought during this financial year. 

Once again, not profits from organic 
growth but from acquisition. 

Bang goes another 12% or so. 

And what are we left with? An increase 
of less than 2%. Oh dear. 

Under 2% of organic business growth. 

What’s that? Inflation? You mean it 
hasn’t been taken into .. . 



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of dollar 

From Maxwell Newton 

The derision by Mr Paul 
Volcker, the US central 
chairman* to cat the discount 
rate to 7 per cent — following 
Japan, Germany, France 
others — means that he ins 

abandoned the attempt to lndd 

uptbedoUar. ™ 

The dollar has now been 
devalued by between2Qand 25 
per cent since February butt 

S . but the trade deficit in 
»ry this year was still a 

Despite the devaluation to 
date, import prices hare hard- 
ly risen. Exporting nations 
such as Japan and Germany 
have enjoyed huge reductions 
in yen an d mark import prices, 
allowing them to maintain 
landed prices at about pre- 
September 1985 levels.. 

The continuation of enor- 
mous trade deficits in 1986 is 
assured. In the immediate 
future the knowledge that the 

will stimulate ordering of hd- 
ports and delays in receipts 
from exports. 

The domestic economic «tn- 
ation m America certainly 
justified toe lower discount 
rate and the wholesale reduc- 
tion in toe prime rate from 9.5 
per cent to 9 per cent 
In January retail sales, 
industrial production, durable 
goods orders and toe index of 
leading indicators, and now, 
the February anemployinent 
figures, tar eradicated tint the 
monetarist consensus fore- 
cast of a surge hi growth in 
the first quarter of 1986 has 
been sadly astray. " 

In Febnmry-tbe official rate 

Banks threaten to sue ITC 


Bankers gave warning yes- 
terday that they win sue toe 22 
members of toe International 
Tm Council and try to prevent 
toem from raising money on 
international markets if diplo- 
matic activity over the week- 
end fails to resurrect an agreed 
solution to toe tin crisis. 

Hie diplomatic activity was 
concentrated on Indonesia, 
whose derision on Friday 
morning not to support toe 
TinCo plan caused the talks to 

Mr Peter Lai, toe Malay sian 
chairman of toe ITC, and toe 
British Government have 
been applying intense political 
pressure oh-. Indonesia, the 
world's second biggest tin 

ITC delegate sources said 
that they should know at this 
morning’s meeting of the 
council whether Jakarta had 
changed its mind. They will 
also discover whether Thai- 
land. which asked for more 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

- lime to consider toe TinCo 
plan, will support it 

The ITC sources admitted, 
, however, that there was only a 
5 per cent chance that TinCo 
could be saved. 

The plan was for the compa- 
ny to take over toe ITCs 
obligations of 85.000 ions of 
tin, in return for which the 
ITC would be relieved of its 
gross debts of £900 million. 

If no agreement is reached 
by Wednesday, when the Lon- 
don Metal Exchange is due to 
try to clear toe outstanding 
contracts between members, 
all realistic hope for TinCo 
will have gone, the ITC 
sources said. 

Sir Adam Ridley, a director 
of Ham bros Bank and spokes- 
man for toe 1 6 bank creditors 
owed £350 million by toe ITC, 
said: "If there is no solution 
we shall sue. There could be 
common grounds on which 
we could sue together and 
have a common interest in 
doing so.” 

Sir Adam pointed out that 
failure by ITC members to 
meet their debts could trigger 
cross default clauses in loan 
agreements. Banks would also 
examine whether to block 
attempts by countries they 
regarded as culprits to raise 
money on the Euromarkets. 
Malaysia, Thailand, and Indo- 
nesia are the most likely 
targets, he said. . 

But ITC sources said that 
council members were confi- 
dent of their immunity against 
prosecution. “Members are 
almost willing the bonks to sue 
so that they can test whether 
they are immune," the sources 

If as seems most likely, 
TinCo is stillborn, toe ITC 
will not know what to do. Its 
enabling agreement remains 
in force until members decide 
otherwise, but the council has 
almost run out of money. 
About a dozen of its 40 staff 
have been given notice. 

The sources said; "Hie IT C 
is, in legal parlance, a man of 
straw. There's nothing to do 
next because toe member 
countries have categorically 
stated that they want nothing 
to do with it But they can’t 
just walk away. It’s going to be 
a very funny week." One 
crucial unanswered question 
is what will happen to toe tin 
trading contracts made direct- 
ly between the ITC and indi- 
vidual brokers. The LME 
"ring out" at £6,250 a ton 
scheduled for Wednesday will 
only settle deals between ex- 
change members. 

The tin crisis broke on 
October 24 last year when the 
ITC buffer stock said it bad 
run out of money and could 
no longer support the world 
tin price. Tin trading on toe 
LME was immediately sus- 
pended. The LME said at the 
end of last week that it is very 
unlikely that toe tin future's 
contract will be revived. 

Gulliver ‘will not resign’ 

— from 6.6 per cent to 7 J per 
cent. The January growth of 
employment, which had 
seemed to give the 
consensus forecast some 
semblance of reality,, was 
downgraded from a completely 
unrealistic 566,900 growth to 


lire Increase m payroll em- 
ployment in February was 

226.000, much mime with the 
monthly rise which in 1985 
produced the lowest rate of 
economic growth since the 
recession year of 1982. 

So Mr Volcker, in cutting 
thediscoant rate has, in effect, 
conceded to his critics io the 
Administration — Mr Janies 
Baker, Secretary to the Trea- 
sury, and in. the Fed Mr 
Preston Martin, (be vice- 
chairman. Represents^ a tra- 
ditionalist fear of inflation, Mr 
Vokfcer has phyed a defensive 
game since July, 1985, when 
he established toe 8 percent 
federal tends policy, . which 
has cautioned until toe recent 
discount rale cnL 

There are no signs of accel- 
erating inflation in America, 
bat the monetarists are cam- 
paigning rigorously on toe 
theme that recent money 
growth, with the devaluation 
of the dollar, must produce 
inflation rising to 7 per cent in 

Mr Volcker has Indicated 
his support for tois fine of 
thinking in his pvbHc state- 
ments and by his actions. 

We. must look forward to 
continuing weakness in the 
dollar. A. few analysts have 
forecast that the problem of 
the bilateral deficit between 
Japan mid America can be 
resolved only by a rise of the 
yen to 100 against the dollar 
this year or next (as long as 
there is no recession in Ameri- 
ca). In tenth, of courses the 

current period of expansion is 
becoming old, and the econo- 
my is due for a recession at 
1986 or 1987. • 

Another consideration 
pressing on Mr Volcker is the 
knowledge that toe devalua- 
tion ef toe dollar is c a using 
substantial losses to foreign 
investors, as all their fains 
from toe boom io the price of 
US securities have been eflset 
by the devaluation of the 

The round of cuts in dis- 
count rates is certainly helpful 
in avoiding farther worldwide 
econ omic sta gnati on. But it is 
so substitute for much more 
radical measures needed, to 
prevent toe US from continu- 

By Our City Staff 
Mr James Gulliver, chair- 
man of Argyll Group, yester- 
day dismissed weekend press 
speculation that he was about 
to resign following reports that 
certain aspects of his entry in 
Who's Who were misleading. 

Mr Gulliver issued a state- 
ment saying, "One entry in the 
record of my academic and 
business career, relating to a 
degree achieved in 1954, has 
been incorrectly stated. I re- 
gret this error has not beat 
previously corrected.** 

Who's Who says Mr Gulli- 
ver was educated at toe uni- 
versities of Glasgow and 
Harvard. He did obtain a first 
class honours degree in engi- 
neering from Glasgow Uni- 
versity in 1953 and then a 
Master of Science degree from 
the Georgia Institute ofTech- 
nology in 1954. He spent three 
weeks at. Harvard Business 
School in 1954 on a marketing 
course; • 

James Gulliver: regrets error 
in Who’s Who entry 

Mr David Webster, a direc- 
tor' of Argyll, said Mr 
Gulliver’s' academic record 
was outstanding and the mat- 
ter was not a resigning one. He 
said there had • been press 
articles m the part, which had 
staled Mr Gulliver had a 

Masters degree from Harvard 
Business School, which the 
company had not corrected. 

Argyll's statement contin- 
ued that the company was 
committed to acquiring Dis- 
tillers and building Alp'll into 
a major and successful food 
and drinks group. It would not 
be deflected by attempts to 
divert attention away from toe 
real issues. 

A spokesman for Distillers 
said the story about Mr Gulli- 
ver had not come from the 
official public relations de- 
partment within Distillers. 
The spokesman could not rule 
out that toe information came 
unofficially from someone 
from within DistillersL 

Distillers is concerned that 
toe sto^y, whether officially or 
unofficially spread, could re- 
flect badly on its willingness to 
resort to so-called dirty tricks 
in the what must rate as one of 
the most bitter bid battles seen 
in this country. ■ 



from Germany and 

Big rise in 

- By Sarah Hogg 
Economics Editor 

Equity prices win not rise 
much in 1986-87, according to 
the London Business School's 
Financial Outlook, published 

The LBS Centre for Fore- 
casting argues that the boost to 
profits from the recent foil in 
the exchange rate was already 
reflected in the stock market 
rise over toe part month. 

Its report points out that 
individuals were net purchas- 
ers of equities in toe second 
quarter of last year for the first 
time since the bottom of the 
market in 1974. But they 
became net sellers in the third 
quarter, a pattern that was 
likely to continue, the report 

Financial Outlook singles 
out for comment the "extraor- 
dinarily high" growth in per- 
sonal credit in Britain. 
Personal- sector bank credit, it 
points out, accelerated to a 
21.9 per cent growth rate in 
1985. ifbank loans to building 
sorieities were included. How- 
ever, it believed that toe 
growth of both loans and 

would decline in 1986. 

In a special article two of the 
IBS's authors argue that the 
fall in oil output will have 
little effect on living standards 
in Britain because investment 
at first abroad then at home, 
during the period of-highest 
earnings represented a level of 
saving that will now yield a 
substantial income stream. 





ABN..... : 

Adam A Company.---!^ 


fMibank Savmgst 12* 

Consolidated Ms 12*7 f 

Coniine rmai Trcsi 

Co operative Bank — 

C Hoars & Co — 

ILoyds Bank. .., 

Nat Westminster ...12JA . 

Rural Ban* ot 

t Mcrirage B«c Rate. ' 

Charter urges 
shift to 
jobs strategy 

The Government’s medi- 
um-term financial strategy 
should be replaced fey a medi- 
um-term employment strate- 
gy, toe Charter for Jobs, the 
aft-party pressure group on 
unemployment, says today. 

The Charter, in its latest 
Economic Report, recom- 
mends setting targets for cut- 
ting unemployment, subject to 
keeping inflation down and 
avoiding balance of payments 
pressures. A target could be 
the reduction of unemploy-, 
ment to about 2 mflliwi by 
1990 , while keeping inflation 

in the 3-6 per cent range. 

The Government should 
use all the weapons in its 
control to achieve such a 
reduction, toe Charter says, 
including prices and incomes 
policies, selective employ- 
ment programmes and further 
cub in employers’ National 
i nsura nce contributions. 

Financial markets would 
retain their confidence in a 
Government pursuing such a 
strategy, the Charter's direc- 
tor. Mr Jon Shields, says. ' 

Imps will keep up 
advertising war 

Imperial . Group will today 
tell shareholders that the com- 
pany intends “to stick to its 
guns’* in its advertising cam- 
paign against Hanson Trust, 
despite Hanson's legal actions 
against Imperial's advertise- 
ments. : 

In a letter to shareholders 
Mr Geoffrey Kent, chairman 
of Imperial, will also question 
why Hanson has not informed 
toem of the extent of its 
involvement in South Africa, 
which it says undermines 
Hanson's quality of earnings. 

Hanson's lawyers wrote to 
Imperial last week, saying that 
Hanson's battery business. 
Ever Ready, was heavily rep- 
resented in South Africa and 
that Ever Ready’s South Afri- 
can profits (in rand) and 
British profits were both up in 
toe second half of 1985. The 
31 per cent fell in profits in 
second half 1985, to which 
Imperial drew attention, re- 
sulted from a collapse of the 

By Alison Eadie 

Imperial estimates that 
Ever Ready’s South African 
operations would have made 
profits of £1 5 million last year, 
if 1984 exchange rates had 
been used, and claims that 
Hanson has foiled to identify 
the extent of South African 
involvement in the report and 
accounts for the last three 

Imperial is expected to an- 
nounce this week the sale for 
between £55 million and £60 
million of its Golden Wonder 
crisps and snack foods divi- 
sion. The disposal is being 
made to remove objections by 
the Office of Fair Trading to 
the United Biscuits-Imperial 
merger. The buyer has not yet 
been chosen. 

Representatives of two 
American companies arrived 
in London yesterday to talk to 
Imperial about Golden Won- 
der. Allied- Lyons is the third 
strong contender, and there 
are other hopefrils in the 

Inland Revenue muddle 
over BES clearance 

By Lawrence Lever 

The inland Revenue is in re do not qualify under the 

disarray over its provisional 
clearance procedure fin- compa- 
nies seeking finance under the 
Business Expansion Scheme. 

This is potentially damaging 
to investors in BES companies 
who tun tbe ride of not getting 
tax relief if a company subse- 
quently does not qualify under 
the scheme after succeeeding at 
the provisional stage. 

Tbe clearance procedure is 
operated at local inspector level 
but advice issued by toe Inland 
Revenue’s technical divison to 
inspectors on what does or does 
notqualifyappears to have been 
overlooked in certain cases. 

A letter from the technical 
division which has brat passed 
to The Times says “Hotels per 

Business Expansion Scheme." 

The problem is that toe 
income received from letting 
hotel rooms is regarded as 
licence income and, put simply, 
if this income is substantial — 
generally reckoned to mean if it 
exceeds 20 per cent of tbe 
hotel's total income — it does 
not qualify under toe scheme. 

Despite this, Gty and Capital 
Hotels, a Johnson Fry scheme 
looking for £3 million to buy 
and run small London hotels, 
received provisional clearance 
from the local inspector even 
though its prospectus dearly 
states that “there will not 
usually be a restaurant" or 
other “ancillary services which 
increase tariffs substantially”. 

One point 
cut in 
base rates 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer must overcome sever- 
al hurdles before he can 
deliver a cut in base rates next 
week. But a reduction of a 
point still looks likely. Tbe 
provisional money supply fig- 
ures for February, due out 
tomorrow, must be acceptably 
good if Mr Nigel Lawson is to 
be able to cut rates from 12.5 
per cent and at tbe same time 
claim tha t the Government's 
medium terra financial strate- 
gy is on course. 

Tbe sterling M3 measure of 
money supply, to be reinstated 
in the Budget, is expected to 
have grown by about 1 per 
cent in banking February after 
a rise of just 0,1 per cent in. 

A stop rise in sterling M3 
as a result of a renewed bank 
lending surge could limit the 
possibilities for reducing rates. 

The main influence will 
continue to be the pound's 
performance. The past fort- 
night has seen extreme volatil- 
ity in the foreign exchange 
markets, with first toe dollar 
and then sterling coming un- 
der severe pressure. 

Despite tbe interest rate 
reductions in West Germany, 
France, The Netherlands, Ja- 
pan and, most importantly, 
the United Slates, last week, 
the pound continued to look 

This is mainly due to ner- 
vousness ahead of tbe meeting 
of toe Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries in 
Geneva, starting on Sunday, 
and uncertai nines about the 
contents of next Tuesday's 

Although the Opec meeting 
is onlflcefy to produce any 
surprises, tbe pound may re- 
quire the extra interest rate 
cushion provided by others* 
reductions while ft is taking 

In additioa, the foreign 
exchange markets are looking 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

for a Budget which shows the 
Government sticking rigidly 
to its financial plans. 

This may rule out an in- 
crease in borrowing from the 
£7.5 billion for 1986-87 in 
current plans. However, two 
reports published today sug- 
gest that the Chancellor will 
boost his borrowing in the 

‘ The Lloyds Bank Economic 
Bulletin predicts that a rise in 
toe public sector borrowing 
requirement to £9.5 billion 
will be announced next week 
so that the Chancellor can cut 
personal taxation. Laing & 
Cruickshank. the stockbroker, 
argues, for similar reasons, 
that the PSBR target will be 
raised to £8.5 billion. 

Debt pact 

Poland has reached agree- 
ment with Western banks for 
the rescheduling of SI. 6 bil- 
lion (£1.1 billion) of outstand- 
ing debt repayments. 

Gulf attack on low oil price 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Ministers from six Gulf oil- an unacceptable level,*' the operation by driving down oil 
producing states, meeting in statement said. 

Riyadh, said that oil prices 
had dropped to unacceptable 

In a statement, the Gulf Co- 
lion Council said that 
e situation would only im- 
prove through an agreement 
between toe Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries (Opec) and non-Opec 
producers on production lev- 

The six. led by Saudi Ara- 
bia. were meeting at toe 
weekend ahead of next week’s 
full ministerial meeting of 
Opec in Geneva. The oil 
market “had deteriorated to 

Tbe Gulf states have taken 
toe initiative i q trying to fotre 
non-Opec oil producers into 
co-operating on output How- 
ever, so forooly Oman, Egypt, 
Malaysia. Brunei and Mexico 
have accepted invitations to a 
special meeting between Opec 
and non-Opec producers in 
Geneva on March 19. 

Britain and Norway have 
declined toe invitation, so the 
initiative of toe Gulf slates has 
missed the key North Sea 
producers. There are signs that 
some Opec members are be- 
coming restive with toe at- 
tempt to force non-Opec co- 


However, tbe Gulf states, 
including Saudi Arabia, Ku- 
wait. Qatar and toe United 
Arab Emirates, appear to be 
prepared to continue with the 

In the statement, toe Gulf 
Council said: “The current 
situation is harmful to produc- 
ers inside and outside Opec 
and also to consumers in the 
short and long term, so we 
need to bring together all toe 
efforts of producers inside and 
outside Opec." 

To demonstrate its resolve, 
Saudi Arabia will announce a 
Budget today including large 
cuts in spending. 

First things first in 
a tight Budget 

Apart from the persistent lengthening 
of the dole queue, the latest phase oi 
the pre-Budget period has been going 
curiously well for Mr Nigel Lawson. 
First the Westland affair offered 
redder political meat elsewhere, while 
the markets got on with assimilating 
a halving of the oil price. Now, 
thanks to the fall of a few interest-rate 
dominoes in other big economies, the 
Chancellor is rolling towards March 
18 with the interest-rate indicators 
pointing down. 

The fall in oil prices has been so 
great that the time-honoured political 
routine of lowering expectations has 
been achieved with no trouble at all. 
Furthermore, the degree of confusion 
in which this has left the forecasting 
game makes it easier for Mr Lawson 
to produce whatever figures for 
government finance he fancies on 
Budget Day. This confusion seems to 
have scrambled the usual unsolicited 
pre-Budget advice. From the “dry" 
comer. Professor Patrick Minford 
and the Institute of Directors are 
urging lots of lovely Budget give- 
aways; Half the City seems to be 
endorsing higher borrowing; while 
the Confederation of British In- 
dustry, which has so often entered 
into an effective pre-Budget coalition 
with “wet” Tory MPs, favours 
budgetary prudence. 

Of course, Mr Lawson has lost 
most of his scope for income tax cuts. 
Even this change is less of a political 
disaster than it might have been. Mrs 
Thatcher and Mr Lawson have failed 
to sell their tax-cutting strategy to 
their supporters, who axe inclined to 
ask why, with wages racing ahead of 
inflation and unemployment still 
rising, it is sensible to give yet more 
unearned purchasing power to those 
in work, rather than invent new 
programmes to reduce the dole 
queues before the next election. 

A Budget in which the Chancellor 
is due to present long-term proposals 
for personal tax provides an overdue 
opportunity for political salesman- 
ship, at no immediate cost. 

Well, there the Chancellor's silver 
lining ends. The cloud over the oil 
market remains, and the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries has arranged its next, 
acrimonious talks very awkwardly 
for Mr Lawson. 

However well-prepared the tax- 
payer for meagre tax cuts, the 
expectation that Mr Lawson must be 
preparing for some smart tax juggling 
has increased even as hopes of a 
giveaway Budget receded. 

Meanwhile, Mr Lawson has to sort 
out Britain’s monetary policy. Much 
more interest, of course, now centres 
on his exchange-rate strategy than on 
his domestic monetary targets, but he 
is going to have to produce a new set 
on Budget day. 

Dear little M0 is still behaving 
pretty well; dreadful old sterling M3 

is not The Treasury and the Bank 
have been grooming a new, wider 
money measure, but we are all stuck 
with sterling M3 for 1986-87, and it is 
hard to set a target that will allow in- 
terest rates to fall but yet look 
reasonably disciplinarian. 

As successive Commons audiences 
have demonstrated, however, the 
alphabet of monetary policy is of 
much less interest than the smallest 
of the Chancellor's tax changes. Last 
year's defeat by the pension funds, his 
predecessor's pledge not to repeat a 
windfall raid on bank profits and Mrs 
Thatcher's pledge to leave the struc- 
ture of value-added tax largely un- 
changed have left Mr Lawson a little 
short of options. 

Plainly, there is some mileage to be 
extracted from yet another package of 
modest employment measures 
masterminded by Lord Young. But 
both Mr Lawson and his predecessor 
have presented a “Budget for Jobs” 
too often. Some new combination of 
Mrs Thatcher's theme tune of “popu- 
lar capitalism”, together with tax 
breaks for tbe lower paid, have got to 
be scraped together. 

“Popular capitalism” can come 
quite cheap. A further cut in stamp 
duty might be almost self-financing. 
Further measures to stimulate direct 
share purchases by individuals, at 
work or out of nest-eggs, can be 
introduced within Mr Lawson's lim- 
ited means, particularly if he finds 
some new way of taxing financial 

But the popularity of such schemes 
could fade if they were introduced in 
a bear market; in the meantime, the 
Government is hooked on its own 
strictures about the need to help the 
lowest paid. Further cuts in National 
Insurance fit this bill, are essential to 
continue the task Mr Lawson began 
last year and are reasonably cheap. 
But the logic of his leader's 
pronouncements also points to cuts 
in the basic rate of income tax. And 
these are much more expensive than 
the Government's usual little in- 
creases in tax allowances. The ob- 
vious compromise — a cut in the 
basic rate, limited to the first few 
hundred pounds of taxable income — 
suffers from the objection that Mr 
Lawson's predecessor chose to abol- 
ish just such a lower-rate tax band. 

There has, therefore, been a nag- 
ging temptation to claw back extra 
tax on cheaper petrol (beyond the 
fivepence needed to match inflation) 
to finance a general cut in tbe rate of 
income tax. It must still be resisted. If 
the Chancellor's last-minute sums 
look that bad, it would be better to 
make a good job of National Insur- 
ance reform this year and leave 
income tax for next. Unnecessary 
interference is almost always a mis- 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 



On 5th March, Nomura 
International Limited became the 
first Japanese corporate member 
oflhe London Stock Excbangeand 
commenced trading from 9 JOam 
on that day. 

We are pleased to have 
achieved membership of theStock 
Exchange and look forward to 
making a continuing contribution 
to the capital markets of the 
United Kingdom. 


Komurj House. 24 Monument Si reel. London EC.'R -S \J. 
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Today is a big day for Ladbroke. For the 
;t time, betting shops are being allowed to show 
; coverage of sporting events. 

Now our clients can see horses in the ring 
fore the race, snooker stars in mid-frame, even 
: World Cup in Mexico. All as it happens. 

We can offer customers refreshments, too 
rry, no alcohol) and a chance to sit down in comfort 

With over 1500 shops in the UK and by far 
: biggest share of the market, Ladbroke are more 
in ready for the changes. 

We’ve already invested in the most modem 
mmunicadon and computer technology. 

From our control centre atHarrowwe’velaid 
down a land-line to all our shops. 

Electronic showboards and banks of TV 
monitors are already in place, alongside snack bars 
or vending machines. (In our larger shops you’ll 
also find waitresses.) 

Through our involvement in satellite tele- 
vision we’ll even have the facility to beam in races 
from abroad. (Handy in the kind of bad weather . 
we’ve been having recently.) 

We believe we’re several years ahead of our 
rivals in these developments. 

No-one else has our operating experience 

abroad. We own o’ 

and take the lion’s share of the market 

in Belgium 

. Last year we bought a race course ioAmerica. 
When legislation allows off-track bating, we’ll tf 
there ready for the off. 

Of course, racing is just one of three core 
businesses thathavemadeLadbrokeoneofBritain’s 

Our Hotels and Property divisions are also 
making major attributions. 

But, today, it’s racing that’s in thenews. 

And no-one is better placed to take advantage 
of that news, than Ladbroke. ) 

One a senes of AtHertUHiwnt;. ftomladtxiM Group 



a battle to attract die small investor 

j*: + ' 

T* * 


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a** ‘ 


* ! •€: 

I- £ 


I • ■■■:■. 

If British Telecom gave the 
public a taste for buying 
s h a re s. Miss Ann Green is 
determined to make sure that 

- theappetiteis well served 

Miss Green, the first wom- 
an general manager to be 
appomted fry the Stock Ex- 
change, is fighting a battle to 
attract fie small investor to 
the stock market and looks 
Eke .winning/ 

-Her territory is northern 
England where cities once 
boasted lively trying floors 
but which have since passed 
into obscurity along with the 
. local com exchange, leaving, 
behind a stockbroking com- 
munity fist hiring overshad- 
owed by the creation of super- 
groups centred on the City’s 
Square Mile. .. 

-Those brokers rely on local 
clients for the bulk of their 
hpiiiHB, . nnKlre the big Lon- 
don firms with lucrative insti- 
tutional contacts.. 

* Now, in a bold gamble, 
Manchester ■■has opened its 
own share shop, a ground 
floor frontage once used as a 
banking muL to draw - in 
passers-by and, it is hoped, 
break down the sto& market's 
mystique. - 

- The shop doubles as , an 
administrative centre For the 
northern unit of the Stock 
Exchange, the umbrella body 
which' takes in 300 suddsb 
kens from around 30 firms 

from Bangar- fo 




The Offices 

^Opened tomorrow by Mr Paul 
Channon, fie Trade and In- 
dustry Secretary, who cannot 
fafl to be impressed by the way 
brokers in the north are 
gearing up for fie arrival of 
.fie big bang. • 

. The commission war which 
will come in with fie revoin- 
tirin' in fie Oty is bound to 
fistfielbQg^tanding relation- 

ships between 1 provincial bro- 
kers and clients who may be 
wooed by fie big banks. 

The share shop has been 
attracting more than 100 peo- 
ple a day since its opening two 
months ago. They range from 
the merely curious to the 
committed professionals tak- 
ing advantage of the conve- 
nient facilities. • 

The informal and relaxed 
atmosphere is more reminis- 
cent of the local library. 
Trained assistants are avail- 
able to give information when 

Miss Green said: “No one 
knows how hard local firms 
are going to be hit fry the 
changes about to lake place in 
the market Are we going to 
see a share shop in the local 
Barclays Bank, for instance? 

“So it was essential to let 
people around know what the 
market is all about 

“We have been amazed at 
the inquiries we have re- 
ceived. It is hard to say 
whether they are being turned 
into chents, but the signs lode 
extremely encouraging, and it 
is .probably only a matter of , 
time before we have a dealer 

- m fie office fall time,” she 
• added. 

A committee of. 12 runs the 
' northern unit -? four are foil 
ering the results of the Man- 

- Chester experiment before 
-tieddrag whether .to; open" 

rimflar offices in other cities 

- in the North. 

' Mr Alan Kitchm, a partner 
mStaacfiSe, Todd and Hodg- 
son, and chairman of the 
northern unit, said: “We are 
glad we managed toget this .off 
tile ground neatly a year 
before fie big bang, 

“So far the results have 
exceeded our best 
expectations,^ he added. 


TODAY — Interims: Conti- 
nental -Microwave, CVD Inc, 
Parfcer-KnoB, Shandwick, Yar- 
rpw. Finate Anlo^asta Hold- 
ings, Low & Bonar, Pershumo®. 
racbxn, Rinsomes Sims and 
Jefferies. T&S Starts, Transport 
' De v e fopm eoE \ 

T OMO RR O W - Interims 
Fletcher: Challenge, 

FramKflgtoa. Microfilm 
Reprographies. Finals; 
Candover' Investments, De 
Been. E dinbu r gh Fund Man- 
agers, Federated Housing, 
Hongkong A Shanghai Banking. 
KJribawort.: Bmam, L o ns dale . 
Novo Indiatri AS (fourth traar- 
ter^ Amtos, Robinson Brothers 
fitateK Gnxs&L-Tyne Tees 
Tdenskm: ' 7 ' ■ • * r 

WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Bejam Group. . Consotidared 
Gold Fkids, Coronation Syo^ 
dicue, Lawtra, A&J Mucklow 

Group, Old Court International 

Resems, Tweefoatein United 
CoHieeies. Finals: • BTR, Ce- 

ment- Roads tone, : William 
ColIins,GKN. Liberty Life 
Association of Africa, JN Nich- 

ols (Vim to), Svenska OeHnlosa, 
Ultramar, United States Deben- 
ture Corporation. 

THURSDAY — Interims: 

Bridport-G undry, British Tdc- 
oommnnicaoons (thud quar- 
ter), Harrisons Malaysian 
Plantations Berhad (third quar- 
ter). Finals: Appfeyard Group, 
BBA Group, British Assets 
Trust, Cameflia Investments, 
Cattle’s (Holdings), Ericsson 
(Tdefonaktiebolaget LM), Gen- 
eral Mining Union . Carp (divi- 
dend), Jaguar, New Darien Oil 
Trust, Royal Dutch Petroleum, 
Sandvfa, *SbdT Transport and 
Trading, System Designers. 

FRIDAY — I n t erim s : Dunton 
Group, Process- Systems (ex- 
pected March 17). Finals: 
Ansbacher (Henry), 

Invergprdon Distillers, Sintrom, 
Safer (amended) . ■ 


1/lOozNobie: 16.5t 

f latinranisoneof 

the wwids most 
precious metals and its also 

one of themost scarce. Il is 14 

times more are than gold and 

an oarcn»dy attractive 
investment opportunity Bui, until 
recently, putting mofley into 

platinum was also a rare 

. opjxutuj^'-fe^iiringspeaalid 
knowledge and awsuferabfeoutby. 

Nowptafaiuroaarailablein . ‘ 

oneounceMdmOmmeelesal . 

tender buffionewns- “The SoWe" 

franfie ble of Man. They 
convouenf and easily tradeable asset 
- a staring investment •whatever 
amount you spend- But more than an 

torS»pafecI»!n«l™>™« s ™f 

pteaKwriifffor The Isle of Man Government 

tether details. c/o Ayrton Metal&Ltd. 

■ * 30 Ely Place, London EC1N 6RT 

. -T*)3dlike^^ ~"1 

r Please write dearly in BUXK CAPITALS . I 

5?-.* [Name _ " I 




Rut Code 


Take the money and run? 
Blimey O'Reilly, no way Josfi 
is a air translation of the 
traders' more crisply ex- 
pressed vernacular. This mar- 
ket fa going to the moon and 
beyond, they chant in 
Jonathans’; buy until May, 
then go away. 

The traders, of course, are 
fixated purely by price move- 
ments. Such elemental sim- 
plicity stands in refreshing 
contrast to the tortuous and 
protracted nature of last 
week’s .co-ordinated moves 
across the West to cut rates. 

True, Operation Discount 
Rate has succeeded so far, 
wifi one notable exception. 
But it has not been easy. Is 
there scope for a second round 
of cuts? 

The West German experi- 
ence is salutary. In outline, 
cheaper money should have 
appealed both to fie nfling 
Christian Democrat party, af- 
ter its disagreeable experience 

in the Schleswig-Holstein lo- 
cal elections, and to the policy 
makers. Dismal February job- 
less data kept unemployment 
at )0.4 per cent of the 
workforce. On the surface, 
price stability looked assured 
as- February inflation hit an 
18-year low of 0.7 per cent 

But this is only part of the 
story. West Germany was 
already heading for its highest 
real growth before the dis- 
count rate cuts, at about 4 per 
cent in real terms. 

Lower oil prices should put 
the equivalent of some DM10 
billion into the pockets of 
West German consumers, just 

ahead of tax cuts worth rough- 
ly tiie same amount, sched- 
uled for bier this year. 

The quickening pace of 
West German expansion 
shows up in the January 
output numbers — up 2.4 per 
cent — and in the rising trend 
for short-term rates over the 
past fortnight. Wifi the fiscal 
stance easing, any move to cut 
rates as well would automati- 
cally look inflationary to the 
Germans, who cultivate a 
serious approach 

Hardly surprising, then, 
that the West Germans chose 
to cut the discount rate in 
possibly the most ill-tempered 
manner conceivable. The dis- 
count rate itself was trimmed, 
but the Bundesbank also an- 
nounced a contraction in the 
amount of credit available for 
rediscount in May. The Lom- 
bard rate, lynch-pin of the 

whole West German mone- 
tary system, was left un- 
changed, widening the diff- 
erential between discount and 
Lombard rate to its widest 
point for 40 years. And the 
Lombard rate is key. because 
it is market determined. 

After being bullied fry the 
world’s press, the West Ger- 
mans bowed to pressure and 
cut their rates. But privately, 
Bundesbank officials suggest 
that a more neutral approach 
would have been preferable, 
had it not been for exchange 
rate pressure which pushed 
the mark up by some 3 per 
cent in less than a month. 

The American experience is 
slightly similar. After Japan 
and West Germany had cut 

their rates, Mr Paul Volcker, 
chairman of the Federal Re- 
serve, might have been forgiv- 
en for hesitating a fraction 
before following suit, if only to 
gauge the foreign exchange 

. The (foliar weakened mark- 
edly against the mark late on 
Thursday. Essentially, Mr 
Volcker had achieved his 
goals — breathing space for the 
dollar via rate cuts elsewhere. 
These gave him leeway to 
maintain an expansionary 
monetary policy in a bid to 
stoke up a lagging economy. 

But like the rest of the 
players, Mr Volcker ran out of 
scratch and time. The Febru- 
ary jobless figures came out far 
worse than expected, exposing 
the inadequacy of the strategy. 
Within half an hour of their 
publication, Mr Volcker had 
cut the Fed Discount Rate. 

A number of points stand 
out from the world rate- 
cutting exercise so far. Indi- 
vidual country objections to 
specific cuts have been swept 
aside as the joint operation 
has soldiered on. Meanwhile, 
the bonds continue to make 
fie running. 

Mr Volcker might have 
preferred to hold out against 
cuts for longer, but US bond 
yields had already broken 
downwards so sharply at fie 
short end of the market that 
further delay risked invalidat- 
ing the yield curve. Instead of 
fie yield curve flipping up- 
wards at fie long end, the 
policy-makers changed tack at 
fie short end. 

Markets closed for fie 

weekend, scenting a fresh 
round of cuts on fie way. 
Already there is talk of anoth- 
er discount rate cut in Japan, 
and this, if it materialized, 
would set fie ball rolling 
again. But the differing impact 
of rate cuts seems bound to 
stoke up resistance by individ- 
ual countries, in fie absence of 
specific galvanizing factors, 
which would give the entire 
exercise new impetus. 

In particular, fie bonds 
need fresh fuel to keep mov- 
ing. Otherwise, fie provoca- 
tive role they have played in 
goading central banks into 
action could be transformed. 
Heavy selling, inspired by 
bearish comments from, say, 
Henry Kaufman at Salomon 
Brothers, could easily turn 
what has been an agreeable 
party into a wake. 

These factors, in turn, high- 
light the pivotal role played by 
London. In the last month, gilt 
yields have fallen by nearly 
100 basis points, taking fie 
bulk of maturities well into 
single-figure return country. 
Not only has fie old bogey of 
the 10 per cent yield barrier 
been, temporarily at least, 
dispelled; fie gilts play in 
London has been fundamental 
in igniting the world surge in 
fixed-interest stock prices. 

In a perfect world, London 
would now be preparing to 
make substantive rale cuts. 
One or two points looks to be 
well within fie range of possi- 
bility. In January, rates were 
pushed up by 1 point to 12‘A 
per cent as part of fie sterling 
defence programme. Since 

then, a run of good figures on 
inflation, PSBR and money 
supply have created the im- 
pression fiat key components 
in fie Chancellor's strategy 
are performing in line wifi 

This argument is suscepti- 
ble to considerable elabora- 
tion. In contrast to New York, 
where extension premiums 
narrowed in the bonds run, 
London has lived for some 
time under fie cosh of an 
inverted yield curve, legacy of 
fie January 1985 sterling cri- 
sis. The steepness of inversion 
has increased during the Feb- 
ruary rally, so that gilt yields 
of about 9.8 per cent compare 
wifi money rates of about 12 

London has played a very 
cautious game so far, and 
refused to cat rates, while gilts 
have rushed ahead. But trad- 
ers are now starting to enthuse 
over the short end of fie gilts 
market where, it is alleged, a 
double play exists. Not only 
will short gilt yields fall, as 
British rates are cut, but fie 
United Kingdom's good 
house-keeping record allows 
scope for fie shape of fie yield 
curve to alter from sharply 
negative to neutral or even 
mildly positive. 

Vogue stocks to buy on this 
argument are the longer dated 
convertibles which could real- 
ly scream ahead, if the argu- 
ment holds. And substantive 
rate cuts would enable Lon- 
don to take fie initiative in 
fie global exercise. 

All these points give fie 
next set of money supply 

figures an added importance. 
Good figures would consoli- 
date Britain’s improved repu- 
tation for capable economic 
management, and pave fie 
way for cuts this week, and 
perhaps also the following 
week, at Budget time. 

Poor figures at this juncture 
would be simply embarrass- 
ing, since they would imply 
that Britain was incapable of 
following the US, fie Japanese 
and fie West Germans in the 
joint projecL The bond play in 
London, which has been high- 
ly exuberant, would also be 
threatened, since doubt yet 
again would be cast on Gov- 
ernment data as a guide to 
policy implementation. Hopes 
of a more normal yield curve 
would be deferred yet again. 

Even more embarrassing 
would be a poor set of money 
supply figures, followed by 
cuts imposed willy-nilly. 

But best estimates must be 
for a rate cut this week, after 
reasonable money numbers, 
and fie hint of further cuts at 
Budget time. Policy makers 
know too that fie Ides of 
March looms. They have no 
plans presumably lo allow 
themselves to be savaged by 
fie bears. 

Horace supplies an appro- 
priate quip, in the Epistles. 
Vade. vale, cave ne t (tubes 
mandataque frangas, he 
writes. Roughly translated, 
this means don't drop the ball 
at 2.30 tomorrow afternoon. 

Christopher Dunn 

Orion RovaJ Bank 

t or fteplMBf flWHUSTB *!*»» m iEjSScI fiSf GwtnH ““ l -‘ ^1 







ks may 
truthful • 
md are 
prove a ® 
wording l 

graph is t 
k scien- 
public . 
ponder 84 
ling' on 
Ameri- Bs 
in ' the J i 
xeti a 
ltion of ni 
device t 
>d pres- :: 
ndskin ;n 
uniners e : 
ieteet a or 
of re- co 
1 when el 
ie. ! 
s. who 
blished n 

: poly- ' 
d that 
rail's - D 

« liars J 
Id out- *1 
vith a ’ K “ 
test,” ^ 

ranied ss 
ists in 
Wash- fot 
ie pre- le 
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evipus i 
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:n .as- sti 
telling if 
by a ins 
rie-set mm 
*s” ly 
ientif- 3 : 
ine to pr 
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f our 
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«d as 
re by 
st is 
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iTiin»iuVtkg.u , i»i:gn>a 



Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £20,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


SkxA out- 


pnca cnga bit Gnm 


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8 T 21 m ScnO 0*1 gZ *® {§■> fi JJI 

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BaggotWOn fttt 354 
Z&9m BaraS t»« »_ 1JJ 
13S4BOO BjiBiKBmt Consr M 

Mini *•£» 

153m Barnard Canerata K» 
103m Bon Bros J» 

15.4a BtocMoya WO 

7713m But Cvt*L «g 

15.6m Bnwdon&OoudW SB 
14. In BncMwusa Duttey ft 
11.7m Br Drack^g go 

4900900 BrownSJmaaon S* 

50.6m BTOMdM 
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37 Bm Ehmolt 6 H*am 19 
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5.438.000 Condor Grp W 

3*8** CoWMl Sffi 

30*j CountryskJo 3*4 

18 4n Croudi (Dorafcl 1*8 

7*0.00(1 mw (GOWWO M 

138m Douglas (RWI g 

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1578900 Fob 91 

3472900 Da 'A M 

6J03DOO RrtBiGfl ® 

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19*4900 Gttm 6 Dandy Ord 106 
29 8m GMsan (MJ) 233 

759m HAT » 

39+0900 Haul Bar iaj 

459m Ih w da n -a tnrl 8 

423m H aywcod wmams 202 

57 7m Higgs 4 Hi 515 

1057m amor* Johnson 170 

2.83*900 Jama Ml a Sons 260 

994m Lang (J) ®a 

922m Do A 3*9 

163m LawrancaMhliafl 96 

6i.8m may (FJQ 77 

996m Low* (TJ) ' 358 

254 5m Uagnat & Souti 146 
30.0m Mandats .. . 204 

71 lm Marstuss (H*tar) IBS 

jssstaantu g 
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135m Monk (A) 1» 

1102m MOwWm worm) 378 

06*1 Newanni mo 

20 Bm N oUtn g bOT Bnek 193 

16*o Purw nmon 148 

105 45 15.4 
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51 4.4 12.8 

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98 28 128 

109 78 .. 

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54 75 385 

44 84 194 

329 17 129 

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135 55 31-1 

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. . . . 158 

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4.7 47 127 

5.7 350 21 

45 35.. 

21 32 275 

221 4.4 108 

82 24 93 

as 57 10.0 
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25 r 25151 
44 6.1 115 

42 46 124 
42 82 93 
54 85 254 

33 74 135 
25 22 3S9 

77 28 105 

54 55 105 


25 44 10.5 
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103 36 135 
51 56 135 
210 as as 
as 25 11.4 
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53 65 116 
10.0 25 126 
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> 54b 4.6 . . 
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93 74 185 
195 52 255 

117 15 162 

95 48144 
65 48 105 
43 42 38 

104 55 02 

105 05 120 
155 37 114 

05 52135 
11.1 55117 

05 55 11.7 

10.7 35105 

02 35 142 

02 03 155 

11.7 27 177 

3.051000 Warn Tartar Iffi 

3548000 Pod** 

509*1 RMC 
9005m RMtand 
7520500 Robott Al8«6 
31 5m HumhmJ 

226.0m Huffy Canard 
117*« SdB ___ 
185m Stiaipa 0 Rabat 
7562.000 Smart (J) 
I3i83m Tarmac 

3865m Taylor Woodrow 538 
207m Tilbury Gwup^ 1*0 

54.1m Tmns 0 Amok) M 

214 45M5 
70 59 12.1 
115 Ol 101 
15 20 95 
105 05 29.1 
104 55 119 
104 40 147 

5431.000 Tran 
0958900 Tunttl 

150m Vfcroptont 
34.1m Ward 

1584.000 wamngton (T) 
396m wmBiau 

1544900 VMBkn Brett 
55t85oo wgg » _ 

156.7m Whan (CannaM 
4445m Wtapay (Garaim 

57a 89 79 
09 0016.1 
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45 ij 3 179 
45 25169 







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987m Aiwacirer IHanry) 
8584m Aus Nm Z 

+S 99 38 . . 

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45 159 89 .. 

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1509.0m CmrmramiB* 
72105m Dmnscim Bn* 

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+2 21 56 117 

+30 229 £7 130 
+5 384 79 26.1 


+25 403 66 55 
550 52 225 
+31 106 48 115 

-3 1.8 £6 205 

+1 89 14 MS 

+8 137 46 86 

+]'• 204 £0 185 

AB 090 M 

i AnaoBd 

i Atncot cmramtani 90 
1 Aiwn 85 

i Atlanta Comp 2GS 
i Auto Moray 48 
I Auto Sue ITS 

i BJCC 313 

i BSfl 111 

i Bovrtborpa 474 

i Br Twcom 9op P 217 
i Brown Bowl Kan 92 

-2 II* 90234 
■ +6* IE 04 324 
+20 £1 £1 75 


45 24 05 14 7 

-3 .. .. 1 59 

+10 19 11 133 
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+15 £4 £2 7 4 

82 17225 
+13 99 46 143 

+6 19 35 1 £8 














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2*8 -4 £1 03 129 

364 +3 110 41 229 

460 +10 M3 II 195 

87 -1 20 29139 

77 . +6 £1 27 135 

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393 39 05193 

71 »-1 17 24 176 

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169m Qrairar Boctt . • . 176 . +1 

13*7900 HU m n Sana ...»-■<+). 

104m Lanbmt Howard! 100 .. 

1447900 W anton 6 Btalon - 82 +2 . 

105m Fraud . 88 - 

20.1m Strong 6 Rohar 138 +« 

362m 9qto 200' *7 

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1578900 Brack ttfQ M 

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msmi Hon* coumw w 

S24m tadmandant 350 
i^taWTtanmi J’JP 
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155m Portsnwdh Swd 128 

893m Trinit y 11 ® 

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15.7 45 75 
17.1 63 IIS 
9.1 85 S3 

fLSrtS^? ■ *- & * * PotBOMt dividtwd 'a 

i & senpar m 
for iatt doasngs. 

No srqnteom m*. 


ies may n 
ind ' are 
prove a ai 
■cording I, 

graph is t 
k scien- & 

ponder ** 
ling on 
Ameri- ih 
in the li 

itiofi of nt 
device t 
>d pres- 
nd skin ;n 
iminers e • 
ietect a or 
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1 when ei 
ie. . ! 

• poly- 
d lhai 

is liars 
Id out- 
Mth a 

ists in 
Wash- Foi 
ie pre- le 
ie lie all 
evious I 
/ice is re 
so .as- st 
telling if, 
by a ins 
)le-set mm 

me to pr 
ly, as sa 


computers in truck design. 

And in the past six years they have 
launched no less than 14 new models ranging 
from 6 tonnes to 250 tonnes. 

All of which explains why, on average, 
over one million pounds worth of Leyland 
trucks are sold every working day. 

In January and February of 1986 Leyland 
Trucks registered more trucks in Britain than 

any other manufacturer. 

Last year they exported trucks worth £77 
mill ion to Abu Dhabi, Zaire and 49 countries 

in between. 

In 1980 Leyland Trucks invested £62 

million in a brand new production plant and 
an R & D facility that pioneered the use of 

Leyland Trucks 

TWA to and4hrp'ug|i t^: ySA 

' - - • ■ ■ • ' Ci • • ' . - - ;r *: . ~ 

T^ v ' 

• '■ • r V. T. ‘*^v r’.X^,‘.v 





>#£..:<■ fL.iy,. ?/t> 


:+•. ■"*. ’ 




Despite action by some of TWAs 
cabin staff we are maintaining services 
to the USA, and to over 60 cities in 
the USA. For full schedule information 
ring TWA on 01-636 4090. 

Leading the way to the USA 


















clauses m a tease. . •• 

In the absence of dear words 
requiring die real review pro- 
vision (as opposed to all pro- 
visions as ■ to rent) to - be 
disregarded, and in the absence 
of special circumstances, it was 
proper to give effect to the 
im/W tymg commercial purpose 
of a rent review danse and to 
■construe the words so as to give 
effect to thatjMitpiMe by requir- 
ing future rent reviews to be 
taken into account in fixing the 
.open market; rental under the 
hypothetical letting. 

Mr John Cofyet, QC and_Mr 
K. Reynolds for the plaintiffi Mr 
Michael Barnes, QC and Mr D. 
Elvin for the de fen d an t. 

said the case raised the question 
whether a vainer appointed to 
fix a new rent of premises under 
a rent review dause in a lease 
ought to take into account die 
feet that the lease in question 
contained provisions for further 
rent reviews in die future. 

; A common formula in rent 
review provisions was that a 
valuer should assume a hypo* 
theticai letting of the premises 
on the open market containing 
the same, provisions, as the 
actual lease. “other than as to 

The question was whether 
such a rent exclusion provision 
meant that the valuer was to 
ignore the fact that the actual 
tease contained provisions for 
future rent review. 

■ ' In the present case the plain- 
tiff had been granted a lease of 
office premises for a term of 35 
years from March -25, 1980, the 
yeady rent being £3,150,000 
or such other rent as might be 
substituted therefor. 

■■ The second schedule pro- 
vided that in the event of a 
landlord’s review, notice, the 
yearly rent payable from the 
review date was to-be the higher 
of (i) the yearly rent payable 
immediately before such review 
date and ui) the rack rental 
value at the relevant review 
date. The review dates were to 
be at five yearly intervals. 

The rack rental value was to 
mean “such rent as may be 

agreed or determined to be 

the best yearly rent at which the 
demised premises could reason- 
ably be expected to let in the 
open market by a willing land- 
lord to a willxng tenanl for a 
term equal to die term hereby 
.granted by means of a lease, 
containing the same provisions 
(other than as to the yearly rent) 
as axe herein con tallied . . 

Ax March 25, 1985, die parties 
having foiled to agree a new 
rent, an independent valuer had 
to be appointed, and the ques- 
tion was whether, in assessing 
the rack rental value, he should 
assume a hypothetical letting on. 
ta r pm which included five- 
yearly rent reviews. • 

Counsel agreed that there 
were three possible construc- 
tions of the rent exclusion 

(1) Ignore all provisions refeting 
to rent in a lease. 

(2) . Ignore those provisions 
which related to the quantifica- 
tion' of rent. payable- immedi- 
ately before the relevant review 
date as well as die provisions for 
fixture rent reviews. ... 

(3) Ignore die rent actually 
payable before the review date 

first to try to discover the 
underlying purpose of tbe rent 
review provisions so as to give 
effect to that purpose. 

The general purpose of a 
provision for rent review was to 
enable a landlord to obtain from 
time to time a market rectal 
which the premises would com- 
mand iflet on the same terms on 
the open market at the review 
dates, and in the absenc e of d ear 
words or surrounding circum- 
stances a tease should be con- 
strued so give effect to that 
basic purpose. 

In the present case therefore, 
tbe rack rental value of the 
premises ought to be fixed on 
the basis that the hypothetical 
letting was on tbe terms of tbe 
iratffd tease excluding only the 
rent actually quantified and 
payable before foe review date 
but including foe provisions for 
five-yearly rent review. 

Recent cases had been on 
. construction of the particular 
lease, but they did disclose s 
marked difference. o£ approach 
to foe construction of rent 
review clauses. .. 

In those circumstances, bis 
Lordship felt free to adopt what 
he considered was foe coined 
approach to rent exclusion pro- 

(a) No literal effect could be 
given to words requiring all 
provisions as to ; rent to be 

(b) Other dear words requir- 
ing tbe rent review provisions 
(as opposed to all provisions as . 
to rent) to be disregarded must 
be given, effect to, however 
wayward the result. 

(c) Subject to.(b), in the 
absence of speoal circum- 
stances, it was proper to give 
effect to. tbe underlying com- 
mercial purpose of a rent review 
clause and to construe it so as to 
give effect to that purpose by 
requiring future rent reviews to 
be taken into account in fixing 
foe open market rental under 
foe hypothetical Jetting. 

Such an a p proach might seem 
dose to seeking to lay down 
mechanistic rules . of construc- 
tion as opposed to principles of 
construction. But rhere was an 
urgent need to produce oertainty 
in the field of rent review. 

Landlords, tenants and their 
valuers needed to know what 
was the right bans of valuation 
without recourse to lawyers, let 
alone foe courts- The question 
could not be left to turn on the 
terms of each lease without, tbe 
basic approach being certain. 

. A declaration would be made 
m foe present case to foe effect 
tha t foe r ack rental, value to be 
determined by an independent 
valuer would mean tbe best 
yearly rent at which the 
-premises could reasonably be 
expected to let on the open 
market for a term equal to the 
term granted by means-of a tease 
co nt ai ning foe same pro visions 
as the lease (other than foe 

at iberelevant miwd^'iad 
in particular containing like 
prov isions for. foe-review of. the 
rent as were contained in -foe: 
lease a nd upon the other express 
assumptions set out. - 

Solicitors: Mr CEJH.Twiss; 
Coward Chance. 

Defence of duress 

Regina v Wider 

Duress - was capable of 
amounting to a defence to' a 
charge of reckless driving when 
.a motorist mounted a pavement 
to drive away from a confronta- 
tion with a gang of youths wbo 
were shouting “HI kill you", 
and one of whom had got into 
the car and was fighting with a . 
in- the 1 rear -seat .and ■ 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Watkins, Mr .Justice 
.Garland and Mr Justice OgnaB) 
so held on- February 25 when 
aflowiM .tho appeal, of Mark 
Edward Wilier against his 
conviction onApriJ l<j,198Sai5t 
Albans Crown Court (Mr Assis- 
tant RecmiderM-j-.Catwen.aind 
a Jury), whichJbflowcd a 
of plea after foe trial 

foe motorist drove to a police sty was available to this motor- 
station lo make a complaint isL 


drive for a fitter future 

The briskest trade at tbe 
USM exhibition last week was 
seen at the Merrydown stall 
where the finance director, Mr 
Mike O'DriscolL was extend- 
ing his famous hospitality to 
alt comers. 

Merrydown, which is based 
in Horsham, West Sussex, 
produces vintage quality ci- 
ders. The company started life 
in the early 1950s, deriving its 
name from tbe chairman's 
house. . 

Heavy duty increases tu foe 
Macmillan era nearly stran- 
gled the fledgling, limiting 
growth for many years. It was 
only in 1976, when foe compa- 
ny reintroduced vintage cider 
equivalent to a table wine 
strength, which placed the 
products at foe top end of the 
vintage cider market, that 
profit growth was resumed. - 

The company was a founder 
member of foe USM, making 
its debut in 1981. Since then it 
has invested heavily in. vin- 
tage cider brewing capacity. 

Profit growth has been dra- 
matic, moving from £200,000 
in 1981 to £1.3 million in tbe 
year to March 1985. Poor 
summer weather will limit 
progress in the current year, 
although the mild autumn was 
beneficial for sales. 

The real interest in the 
company in the next two years 

lies in its plans for diversifica- 

Merrydown has for many 
years produced a range of 
vinegars and health foods as a 
byproduct of cider producing, 
which are marketed under the 
Martlet label. 

These make a small contri- 
bution to sales through health 
group outlets but the group is 
launching a major marketing 
campaign to extend sales 
through the supermarket 
chains. If successful, this 
could substantially broaden 
the product base of the com- 
pany and make a significant 
impact on profits. 

Elsewhere the USM exhibi- 
tion was notable .more for the 
sponsors promoting their ser- 
vices, including a posse of 
accountants, stockbrokers and 
.public relations consultants. 

" The exhibition is therefore 
more valuable for a company 
looking to float itself on the 
USM or graduate from the 
OTC than for investors hop- 
ing lo learn of opportunities 
available for placing their 

Most sponsors did, howev- 
er, indicate a continuing 
healthy flow of new issues in 
the pipeline despite the much 
quieter start to the new issues 
this year. 

Interim figures are due to- 
morrow from Microfilm Re- 

prographics. This is a 
microfilming bureau provid- 
ing standard microfilm ar- 
chive services and the more 
glamorous computer output 
microfiche recorded directly 
from floppy discs. 

The company was founded 
bv a stockbroker, Mr John 
Redmond, in 1969 on £1,000 
capital and has grown to a 
market capitalization of £35 

million- # . 

Floated on the USM m 

1981, it hit trouble shortly 
afterwards with tbe loss of two 
major contracts but manage- 
ment changes implemented 
after this disaster have left foe 
company stronger than ever 
before. . . 

Microfilm is increasingly 
used as a cheap and efficient 
means of information storage 
and retrieval, while the dra- 
matic growth in foe use of 
computer-stored information, 
especially in foe finan c i al 
services sector, has led to 
explosive demands in foe 
market for microfiche record- 
ing services. 

Substantial investment by 
the company has given it a 
technological iead over many 
of its competitors. 

Further technological devel- 
opments in the pipeline in- 
clude colour microfiche which 
will open up undeveloped 
markets such as newspapers 

and museums. Electronic 
transmission from microfiche 
will also be available shortly. 

The company has undertak- 
en three major aquisitions 
over the last 18 months, two 
in tile highly profitable com- 
puter output division, buying 
out in-house microfilm bu- 
reaux from RHM and a 
former Unilever subsidiary. 

Tbe integration of these two 
companies has yet to be fully 
reflected on the bottom line 
but tomorrow’s figures should 
see the first fruits. 

For the full year to June the 
market is looking for more 
than £U million compared 
with last year's £580,000, 
which on a low tax charge 
would give earnings per share 
of 18p. 

At 420p this leaves the 
shar es on a demanding price 
earnings ratio of 23 but with 
further excellent progress for 
1987 in prospect the shares 
remain a very sound invest- 

Investors interested in this 
area should also look at 
IMUcrogen, the other quoted 
microfilming bureau. 

At 330p foe shares are on a 
historic tight earnings ratio of 
20 times but the prospective 
for 1986 fells to 13 times and 
the shares look good value. 

Isabel Unsworth 

A significant change is due- 
to take place later' this year in ." 
the United Kingdom’s Trade 
Marie Law. For the first time 
companies and individuals 
operating in service industries 
will be entitled to the protec- 
tion of a registration at the 
i Trade Marks Registry. 

Until now such protection 
has only been available to 
those in trade or industry. 
This is because the Trade 
Marks Act 1938 followed the 
pattern established by previ- 
ous legislation in stipulating 
that a trade mark could only 
be registered in respect of', 

For a valid registration it 
was necessary for the regis- 
tered owner to have at least a 
bona fide intention at the 
outset to apply the proposed 
registration to nominated 
goods for the purpose of 
indicating a connection m the 
course of trade between him- 
self and those goods. 

It was equally important 
that, once registration had 
been achieved, use of tbe mark 
on those goods should contin- 
ue. • 

' The emphasis laid on goods 
in this way meant that aK 
though the company name.- 
logo or trading style of, for 
example, an airline is as 
important to it as those of an 
aircraft manufa cturer, it was 
only the latter who could 
register them as trademarks. 

Tbe same would apply to an 
author, as opposed to a pub- 
lisher and to a golf course 
proprietor as opposed to a golf 
club man ufacturer. 

Contrary to popular belief 
the registration of a company 
name at Companies House (or 
of a business name at the old 
Business Names Registry) did 

set to 

not provide any protscuon m 
this regard at alL . 

If, therefore, a service bust- 
ness found itself threatened by 
a competitor using a .name or 
other trading style similar to 
its own it resort to the 
common law action of “pass- 
ing off” in order to stop such 
unfair trading- - 

“Passing off" is a avu 
wrong established by case law 
over many years which, put at - 
its simplest provides a ren te-* 
dy for any business or organi- 
zation which can show thai n 

has established a reputation in 

a particular name or trading 
style and that the activities 
complained of are likely to 
cause confusion among poten- 
tial customers. 

A passing off action is 
frequently expensive an d nn- 
certain as to outcome because 
it entails proving to tbe court 
that disinterested outsiders do 
recognize the reputation 
which the complainant claims 
to have developed and are 
likely to be confused by the 
competitor’s activities. 

Manufacturers, retailers 
and others dealing in goads 
could frequently reduce or 
avoid these difficulties by 
relying upon a registered trade 

Not only did tins enable 
them to avoid the necessity of 
proving their reputation every 

tiraethey wished to preventa 
competitor taking -W 
advantage, but it also rasMed 
anyone starting a business or 
introducing a new product tt) 
check ; whether a. particular 
trading style -or brand name 
had alraady beea registered by 
soraetme dse: v ' ■ _ 

Businesses in the service 
industries have occasionally 
tried to secure some protec- 
tion by the artificial device of 
registering a ^ trademark : in 
respect ot goods which had 
some connection with foe 
servioebemg offered. - . 

Thus, amines sometimes 
registered a mark to cover 
tickets, luggage tags and flight 
iwgs, and banks might .seek 
registration in respect of paper 
goods such as cheque books. - 

Although such regi strations 
may have acted as a deterrent 
to potential copiers .it -was 
generally thought that they 
were of doubtful validity for 
the simple reason that, to take 
a bank as an example, what it 

sold, and was paid for, was foe 

banking service which it pro- 
vided and not tbe cheque 
books which were issued as 
part of that service. . 

A recent High Court deci- 
sion pennrtting registration of 
the name and colour scheme 
of the Visa bank card has only 
slightly modified the position. 

For some years now it has 

been -dear dat the -United 
Kingdom has becn.fefltng out. ■ 
ofstep with the large number 
of industrial countries which 
accept applications for marks 
in respect of semccsnsweU as 

^T^is bas earned particular 
concern in tbe . context of a 
proposed .Emohu-- nde 
Jnark and the Unfed King- 
dom candidacy for selection 
as the location '-of *;pp°Posed 
European Trade Mark Regis- 

^Afirst attempt torefonntte 

law by means of a private Bui 

introduced in foe House of 
Lords foiled when Parfiaipent 
was dissolved in 1 983-, ; « 
That Bill bad o n&inatty 
been opposed by the Govern- 
ment largely on the grounds 
that foe Trade Mark Registry 
/Turk! nor cope with the extra 
work -Toad which would be 
iuvotved if service marks were 

introduced. : • . . ‘ - 

By the time a new Bin was 
introduced in the House of 
Commons latex in .1983, that 
opposition had evaporated. 
However, when it subsequent- 
ly passed into law as tbe Trade 
Marks (Amendment) Act 
1984, it was announced that 
the Trade Mark Registry 
would not be ready to accept 
applications unt31987. . 

The starting date has now 
been brought forward to Octo- . 
berl. this year. 

The professions are equally 
interested and ibe relaxation 
of the control of advertising m 

many of them w© have made 

them more aware, tif this 
.change in the law. ■. 

The author is a partnerin the . 
solicitors Norton . . . Rose, 

. Batterdl& Roche. * 

Law Report March 10 1986 

* 1 V * \ 


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Following the announcement that the Barclays Group 
has sold its shareholding in Barclays Bank (Suisse) SA, Barclays 
Bank PLC is pleased to announce die formation of a new, 
wholly owned, Swiss banking subsidiar/: 


The Head Office is located in Geneva, with brandies 
in Zurich (incorporating the existing business, of Barclays 
Bank PLC), Geneva and Lugano. The bank will offer a full 
range of bodi private investment banking and commercial 
services in eacn branch. 

For further information on Barclays operationin 
Swi tzerlan d and for details of how. to open an account please 
contact one of the following branches. 


Talacker 41 
P.O.Box 5172 
8022 Zurich, 

Jan Scholey 
TeL (01)2211335 
‘ Telex: 813100 


10 Rue cTIcalie 
PO. Box 135 
1211 Geneva 3 • 

Manager: . 
Tel: (022) 286550/ 
Telex: 423247 


P.O. Box 2797 
5901 Lugano 1 
Gabriel Cohen 
Tel: (091) 239019 
Telex: 843224. 




• BESTWOOD: The consid- 
eration for acquisition of three 
property services businesses 
from Charles Baynes, has been 
fixed at 83,398 new ordinary 

group subsidiary, Howdeo 
Airdynamics Group, has ac- 
quired Western Design 
Corporation of California for an 
immediate cash payment of 
$10.23 million (£7.1 million), 
with a farther payment of up to 
$1.4 million in 1987, depending 
on profits. Additional sums may 
be payable. Western’s principal 
business is the design and 

manufac ture of ammuni tion 

handling and feed systems for 
the US armed forces. 

• AMBER DAY: The company 
is reporting for the 27 weeks to 
Nov. 30, 1985. compared with 
the first 26 weeks of the previous 
year. Turnover £4.36 million 
(£4.85 million). Pretax profit 
£158,000 (£230,000). 

NATIONAL: Turnover for 
1985, £175.298 (£70.706). Loss 
before tax .£272,765 (loss 
£334,098). No tax (nil). The 
board reports that interest in the 
anaerobic process continues to 
be aroused across a wide spec- 
trum of industries and so the 

’s marketing and technical 
are being kept busy. 

TAN: The chairman, Mr Stan- 
ley Grinstead, tokl the annual 
meeting that it is still too early 
to give a reliable view of 
prospects. • CITY & 
MENT TRUST: Final dividend 
Z27p. making 4.5p (3.6 Ip) for 
the year to Jan. 31, 1086. The 
final is being paid on March 31. 
Gross income £1.68 milloon 
(£1.35 million). Pretax revenue 
£1.55 million (£1-23 million). 

Cup holders take bumpy road 

By David Hands, 


y Correspondent 

London Welsh 10 

Bath IS 

Like two limousines taken out 
of the garage after a damp 
winter, last year's finalists 
motored through Saturday's 
quarter-final of the John Play- 
er Special Cup at Old Deer 
Park, spluttering as they 
searched for that elusive quali- 
ty, form. It was frustrating for 
the players and for some 4,000 
spectators because conditions 
were ideal for a running game 
but it was entirely understand- 
able in the difficult circum- 
stances clubs have endured of 

The cup holders won de- 
servedly by three tries and two 
penalty goals to a try and two 
penalties but they made life 
difficult for themselves by 
missing seven assorted kicks 
at goal and if one of their tries 
had been disallowed — which, 
drawing a parallel with Clive 
Noriing's decision in the 
Twickenham international the 
week before, it might have 
been — the difference would 
have been barely discernible. 

There were times when the 
quality of Bath's forwards 
gave every indication that 
they would take command. In 
the absence of Collins and 
Watkins, the injured Welsh 
lineout men, they dominated 
that phase of the game and 
every so often they pm togeth- 
er some delightful forward 
drives, with Simspon and 
Redman inevitably in the van. 

But the Welsh tackling nev- 
er deserted them and. impor- 
tantly this season, their set 
scrum held despite the ab- 
sence of Bradley with a calf 
injury. They even managed to 
steal a heel against the head, 
after having once been pushed 
off their own ball, and the 
scrum provided a focal point 
for the Exiles' efforts. 

Inevitably though Bath 
were going forward so they 
had the majority of the scrum 
feeds and when the Welsh 
half-backs relieved pressure 
they only returned the ball to 
touch, a point of Bath's 
strength. And. whatever the 
fallibility of Bath's beck play 






Forward held back: Egertoo, of Bath, battles to break free (PhotographOan Stewart) 

these days, there is no doubt- 
ing the quality of their tight 
forwards at the set pieces and 
in the loose which ensured 
their place in today's semi- 
final draw. 

London Welsh had first use 
of the wind and the sun and 
were level at 10-10 by half 
time. They stole the lead with 
an excellent try in which Leleu 
checked the Bath backs, 
Fouhy looped round and Ev- 
ans, in support of Yeandle, 

It was Evans who was 
involved in the episode just 
before the interval which gave 
Bath back the advantage. He 
came leaping over a ruck at 
Hill in a manner which sug- 
gested that the Bath scrum 
half had committed some 
felony and was promptly 
penalised. From the tapped 
penalty, which was taken 
twice because the Welsh failed 

to retreat sufficiently far, 
Simpson scored. 

Hill was involved, too, in an 
incident immediately preced- 
ing Bath's second uy. London 
Welsh held Bath's secondary 
shove at a five-metre scrum 
but were forced to wheel; Price 
came charging in to hack at 
the ball which was in Bath's 
back row and was promptly 
sent reeling backwards by Hill. 

Evidently Selwyn 
Trevithick, the referee, shared 
Hill's view that Price had no 
business to be there but it is 
not for the scrum half to take 
the law into his own hands. As 
it was Egerton scored at that 
scnim; had Price intervened 
successfully I imagine Bath 
would have received a penalty 
try which, even on an off day, 
Barnes would have converted. 
Had Mr Trevithick felt so 
inclined he might have 
penalised Hill for punching 

and disallowed the try. 

Hill is much too good and 
intelligent a player to get 
involved in this kind of way 
and. equally to the point, one 
day be may come up against a ' 
side capable of exacting a 
fearful retribution. As it was 
he made the game safe when a 
long pass from a scrum gave 
Martin the chance to send •• 
Swift over. 

SCORERS: London Welsh: Try: 
Evans; Penalties, Price (2). Bath: - - 
Tries: Simpson. Egerton, Swift; 
Penalties, Bames (2). ' 

LONDON WELSH: A Martin; A 2 
Yeandle. D Fouhy, G Leleu, C Rees - 
(captain); C Price. M Douglas; T - " 
Jones. B Light, J Davies. T Waldron, 

E Lewis. G Lteweflyn. J Evans. S - 

BATH: C Martin: A Swift, SHalMay. 2 
j Palmer (captain). B Trevaskis; S ’ -* 
Bames. R Hill; G ChBcoft, G Dawe, 4" 
R Lee. P Simpson, J Morrison, N , 
Redman, R Spurretl. D Egerton 

Referee: S Trevithick (Cornwall) 




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Scots come out of 
the cold at last 

Gloucester’s debt 
to Hannaford 

four J 
rbmg. mt 

By Nicholas Keith 





— 11 


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There were signs on Saturday 
that winter was maintaining its 
icy grip on both teams, although 
this fonrth round John Player 
Special Cup tie was played in 
relatively warm sunshine. Lon* 
don Scottish deserved their 
place in the quarter-final against 
Gloucester because in the clatter 
of confusion and missed 
chances they were marginally 
more organized. 

Northampton must regret 
that Johnson, their lacker, went 
down with influenza. Woodrow, 
the captain, and Larkin missed 
two penalties apiece and Sharpe 
was understandably unsure as 
Johnson's replacement 

However, the sterility of 
Northampton's tactics was most 
dearly shown at a scries of three 
tap penalties in the first half. 
They tried unsuccessfully to 
bulldoze over the Scottish tine 
from short range without once 
spreading the play.The players 
were frustrated by their mis- 
takes and by the futile tackle law 
which leads to so many stop- 

a fight 

By Ian McLaacMu 

StewartV-MelviDe continued 
to set the pace in the first 
division of the national league 
as they trounced the reiegaii on- 
threatened Kilmar nock by 34- 
14. The home side charged to an 
early 18-point lead with tries by 
Ferguson, John and Finlay CaL 
derand Goudie. Ferguson man- 
aged only one conversion. 
Kilmarnock, whose big for- 
wards were winning much pos- 
session, continued to fight hard 
and tries by Lawson and Yates 
brought the score to 18-10 
before Stewart’s- Melville again 
raced away with tries by Wyllie, 
Blackwood and Jim Calder. 
Ferguson converted two. For 
Kilmarnock Martin had a fur- 
ther try which was converted by 

Hawick beat Jed-Forest by 
15-7 in a dour struggle at 
Riverside Park. Early pressure 
from the visitors came to noth- 
ing and Jed took the lead with a 
penalty by Jackson and an 

opportunist try by the inter- 
national scrum halt Roy he intercepted a pass 
and ran half the length of the 
pitch to score. Gass brought 
Hawick back with a penalty and 
in the second half a try by 
Stanger was converted by Gass, 
who also kicked a penalty to 
take the champions home safely. 

Kelso cruised to a 25-7 home 
win over Selkirk. Ker opened 
the Kelso account with a 
dropped goaL The same player 
scored two tries. Tail added 
another and Browne had two 
penalties and two conversions. 

At the other end of the table 
Edinburgh Academicals cased 
their relegation worries with a 
20-9 win over Preston Lodge: 
Playing with a strong wind in 
their backs. Academicals built 
up a 1 6-point lead by half-time 
with two tries from McKie and 
Hutchison, the latter also kick- 
ing a conversion and two pen- 

pages if referees play to the rules, 
as they must. 

The Scots made life surpris- 
ingly difficult for themselves. 
Their scrummage kepi North- 
ampton under constant pres- 
sure, although Pearce, the 
England prop, helped his booker 
to one heel against the head. 

After a disjointed first half 
the visitors were 4-3 up at the 
interval with a uy by Walt, after 
Hastings had made the overlap, 
to a penalty by Larkin. In the 
second half Irvine kicked a 
penalty for the Scots: then 
Woodrow hit a post and Larkin 
narrowed the gap with a penally. 

The match-winning try in the 
35th minute raised a few queries 
but Batten appeared to ground 
the ball before he was bundled 
into touch by Larkin. Once 
again. Hastings had timed his 
run perfectly to make the extra 

SCORERS: Northampton: Panama* 
Larkin 2 London. S eatt M c Trios: Wat t 
Batten. P o n o W r Wwe. 

NORTHAMPTON: □ WOodrow (captain); N 
Grecian. P Lartun. B Ctarkft J Cubrtt J 
Sharpe. D ETtangxjn; I Beywod. D 
Fran Hand. G Pewco. A Reason. V 
Cannon. I Lunar. G PoOta. I White. 
Batten. L RenwteX, S Inme. B mat N 
Cbesworth. A Cashing; N W«r. I Kirk- J 
Fraser. I Morrison, J Carr^DeS-Umenon, 
0 Tosh. S Austin, J Uackun (captain). 
Referee: R Hanflng (Devon). 

By Gordon Allan 



■ MeiMa»e»MBkae 


•*•« 13 

The Gloucester supporters did 
not feel it safe to start chanting 
until the Iasi minute of injury 
time at Southgate on Saturday. 
Thai was when Hannaford 
scored a try from a typical little 
break by Teague and Gloucester 
moved into the quarter-final 
round of the John Player Special 
Cup with a win over Saracens by 
a try and three penally goals to 
two penalties. 

There was not much for 
anybody to chant about at any 
time. The pitch was more brown 
than green, with straw still in 
evidence, and the rugby too was 
dun coloured. You could almost 
see the players learning the 
fundamentals all over again 
after their recent inaction. The 
pace was rather deliberate, the 
execution laboured. 

Gloucester won the forward 
battle by as narrow a margin as 
they won the match. They owed 
a lot to Orwin in the lineouts 
and they looked stronger in the 
mauls, sometimes turning Sara- 
cens and wresting the hall from 
them. This meant that Hanna- 
ford and Hamlin had an easier 

Final omens augur 
well for Kent 

By Bryan Stiles 

Kent 16 

Gloucestershire 3 

The rustic of spring in what is 
euphemistically called the gar- 
den of England has prompted a 
quickening in the pulse of young 
Kent rugby bucks. On Saturday 
it also brought a blossoming of 
talent that carried them into the 
county championship final for 
the first time iu 59 years. 

Victory at Blackheath over an 
unfamiliar Gloucestershire 
team by a try, a dropped goal 
and two penalty goalsto a pen- 
alty goal qualified them for a 
place in the final against 
Warwickshire at Twickenham 
on April 12. 

In the other semi-final the 
Midlanders beat Lancashire by 
two goals, a try and a penally 
goal to two goals and a penalty 
goaL at Nuneaton. Lancashire 
had seemed nicely positioned 
for victory with an I i-point 
advantage, but they -could not 
repulse Warwickshire's rousing 
riposte, with Thomas collecting 
the winning try. 

Gloucestershire looked for the 
most part like a pretty ragged 
collection, who were not helped 
by the competition role that 
counties can have only one get- 

together before a game. With 
more than half their players 
being drawn from junior clubs it 
was little wonder Gloucester- 
shire were unable to blend 
They fell behind to a neatly 
taken dropped goal by Colyer in 
tbc seventh minutes and were 
never in the hunL Their Towards 
could not match the pace and 
imagination of their opponents 
The accurate Field registered 
three penalty goals and Cokell 
scored a determined try to put 
their captain. Bodenham in 
ebullient mood for the final. As 
his dub, Blackheath. beat Cov- 
entry earlier in the season, and 

as Coventry form the basis of 
the Warwickshire team, he is 
optimistic that he can end his 
rugby career on a winning note 
SCORERS: Kent: Try: Cokel Dropped 
goat Colyer. Penalty goats: Retd (3). 
(a m ce ate nht ro; Penalty goat Russell. 
KENT (Blackheath unless stated)£ Wal- 
ter*; J n eU (Askeans), L Cokail, R 
Bodentom (captain), 0 Osbourn# 
(Rossfyn Padt): rf Cohfar, C Read (Plym- 
outh AKHon); P EaaanhJgh, R Howe , K 
Rutter, p Vaughan, D Horsey, P McRae 
(Ashoans). Skhmer (Haneqwns). » Cheval 

Hotter (Bnstoll. S Hagg (BiwttD, L Jonn 
(Matsonl T 8 let {Bern Htft B Re rate* 
(Gordon League). W Hail (Coney HU. rep. 
T Davies. Stroud); G S ero ea nt (Souces- 
ler. captain), S Even! (Cheltanham), H 
PteXo) (Berry Hit). T Rock (Berry Hfl), P 
Maes (Bristol), M SkUM (Br 
Seymour (Berry FH). J Puce (Cor 
Referee: r A Howard (Liverpool). 

Ha). Ri 

afternoon at half-back than - 
Steadman and Holmes. * 

Behind the scrum the de- . 
fences kepi each other under • 
lock and key and it was a * , 
surprise when Hannaford - 
scored his try. There was a 
missed tackle in that move- J 
menu But he deserved to score. - 
He and Ford had been shoved " ' 
into touch at the corner a - 
minute or two before. * 

Tim Smith kicked three pen- 
allies out of five for Gloucester - 
and Laurence Smith two out of ' 
five for Saracens, malting the - 
score 9-6. with 15 mimnes left. 

It was Laurence Smith who 
landed the winning penalty 
against Waterloo in the previous " 
round of the cup. One of Tim 
Smith's penalties was for a • • 
punch thrown by Pattinson. the ' 
Saracens second row forward. It 
was not the only unpleasant ' 
incident in the game. 

SCORERS: SamcaRK PawW aa: Smith • 
(2). GtoucasttR Try. Hannatoed. Pa if 
•tat Smith (3 l 

SARACENS: S Hancock; L Snvch. C 
Babeyode. J Buckton, D McLagen. N 
Hofenas. F Steadman. M Grlar. M Evans. C 
Roberts. A Keay, M Pattinson. A 
Wheelans. R KhalS. L Adamson. 
GLOUCESTER: T Smith; D Morgan. P 
Taylor. R McLean. T Ford. M Hainan. M 
Harmatord, P Jones, K Whtta, R Pascall. J . 
Gadd. J Onvin. J Brain, M Longstaff. M 

Referee: I Buflerwoll (East Midlands). 

All his 

By George Ace 

Ian Warke, the North fiill 
back, with 16 points out of 24. 
provided the outstanding in- 
dividual performance of the 
first-round game in the Ulster 
Senior Cup, sponsored by Allied ■ 
Irish Banks. Warke amassed his ' 
points through a try and four ' . 
penalties in the 24-0 rout of 
Dungannon at Ormeau. 

But it was to Raymondhill 7 
that the crowds flocked for the •- 
semi-finals of the Ulster Schools ™ 
Challenge Cup. In the forenoon + 
Royal Belfast Academical In- 
stitution came from three points 7 
behind to defy a strong wind - 
that they had failed to take l 
advantage of in a scoreless first . 
half to defeat Regent House 10- 

A penalty and a dropped goal 
by the Irish Schools captain, 
McCall gave the holders. Ban- 
gor Grammar School a 6-3 win 
over Campbell College 

ULSTER SENIOR COP: firat round: Ards 
13. Ouaan'g unmrotty 3^ NBC 24. 

Jnstonans 1 1 . Senior League: A Section: 

3. POTOdOwn 3. Ctob: COfla- 
OYMS 12. lllfter Schools 
Ciri, semi-finala: RBA1 10, 

& Bangor GS 8. Campbell 

Dungannon 0: 
18; Armagh 9. 
instonans ~ 
nans 13, 


gram terete; Kant IS. GloucssteiShka 3: 
Warwidistro 19. Lancashire IS 
final: London Walsh 10. Bath 18 Fourth 
round: Northampton 6, London Scottish 
1 1 ; Saracens 6 Gtoucesw 13: Wakaflate 7 
N o t tin gham 26 

final r Cartfff 21. Glamorgan Wndrs 12: 
Maasiag 9. Bndgend 9; Newport TO. 
Swansea 4. 

Navy 13, The Anny 3. 

1 20 . 

CLtiff MATCHES: ADerovon 32. Cross 
Keys ft Bedford 16. Brtantead Pk 7; 
Brnmaham 18. Bradford 13; Blackpool 
17, Choney 7; Bowaon 3. Ecctea 22; Colne 
and Nelson 4. Cakter Vale & Cneaenhsm 
16. Newondgs 14; Covamry 28. ADtaUterv 
lft Fytde 10, Broughton Pk 1 1: Hanoqum 
31. Waterloo 10. HeaOndey 9. DttbB ft 
HudoersfMd 15, Rupjy 21. Launceston 

16. Penarth 35: Moriay 23. Exeter 16: 
Mosefey 30. Liverpool 3: Plymouth 16. 
South Wales Pofice 32. ProStan Grass- 
hoppers 13. St Hetons4; Rosstyn Paris 13. 
Richmond 19: Roundhay 12. HiX 10; Sale 
9. Wasps 2 ft Sheffield 25, Northern ID; 
Vale of Lime 25. Middlesbrough & West 
Hantepod 16. Gosfonh ft Neath 33. 

vtSlON: Boroughmuv 4. Watsornans 7: 
Gata 20. Metros* 16: Hanot's fP 25. West 
oF Scotland 16; Jed-tonest 7. Hawick 15; 
Kelso 29. Saitoh 7: Preston Lodge 9. 
Edvtourgh Acads 20: Stewart's MsMde 
FP 3a. Umamixk 14. 
N0OTri£ftifcMkd8sflflld D. Manchester 
3: Manchester University 11. Seoguy 
Part 12: Matey 23. Exeter 16:08 Sauans 

17. Msncnester YMCA 15: Oldham 13 
Bndgnorm 3: Rochdale 20. Wmnngnn 
Park 3: Roundhay 12. Hoe A East Rfiing 
10: Settor 6. Hewrorate-Witows 3: Shef- 
field 2S. Northern 1ft Vale of Lune 25. 
Mmoiesbrtwgh 6; Wrtmstow 3. Lough 

borough Students 77J4orth Weal firat 
dMatere Southport 8. Chester ft West 
Park 16. Wanes 10: Wigan 6. Wigan 
3.Sccand (Svtoian: Blackburn 13, L&Oh 
7 North Area firat dhrUon: Fleetwood 40, 
Lancaster Unnotsiq' 13: Moresby 21, 
Rosenaal# 10. Second divialou: 
Wtedamere 34. M«om ft 
SOUTH WEST: Bess Merit Tebfa: St Ives 
3. Redruth 9. Devon Merit Table: ftdgnton 
21. Bitetord 13. Cornwall Merit Table: 
CamDome 46. Falmouth 16: itayle 22, 
PeoiancB-Newtyn 1ft Chib Matches: 
Ptymoutti 16. Sou* wain Police 32. 
Martov 23. Exeter 1ft Tamuay 4. Devon 
a no Cornwall Police 6. Launceston 16. 

Pennanh 35: Bamstapie 16. Newoay 1 A 
Truro 20. Totnes i St Austell 3. Creditor! 
17: Bndwa&r id. Stourtxcge 15: 
Tiverton 13. Exeter Unwersay 3; Stemouto 
6. Brutiam 7: Exmoutn 19. Avon and 
Samarsei Pofice 12; Chettentam 16. 
Newbridge 14. 

More rugby page 24 

. ;K 

: wl 






























Early run-out of Slack 
offsets good work 

by England’s spinners 

From John Woodcock, Oickef Correspondent, Fort of Spain, Trinidad 
After gaining a first innings Against Thomas, Richard- them to Marshall who Played 

son went from 84 to 98 in 

lead of 223 in the second Test 
match here yesterday, the 
West Indies tan out Slack 
before be had scored when 
England batted again. This 
merely increased the size of 
England’s task if they were co 
escape with a draw, though 
Gooch and Gower had the 50 
up in the fifteenth over with- 
out further loss. 

The pitch was as good as it 
will ever be: there was some 
turn there, but the West Indies 
had no spinner. For their four 
fast bowlers there was little 
pace: in theory, the conditions 
gave England's batsmen the 
chance to regain lost confi- 

Soon after lunch on Satur- 
day the West Indies had 
looked to be beading for a 
total of 500. or more if they 
bad wanted. They had been 
given a flying start to their 
innings by some wild bowling 
from Botham, whose first five 
overs cost 39 runs and were 
enough to make the rest of the 
side feel like giving up the 
ghost It was bad enough being 
bowled out on the first day for 
176 without following up by 
throwing runs at the West 
Indian openers. 

Although Ellison then 
bowled his heart out on 
Saturday morning, it was not 
until Edmonds and Emburey 
joined forces on Saturday 
afternoon that the batsmen 
were kept at anything like full 
stretch, and by then Richard- 
son was 99 and the West 
Indies were 200 for one. 
Because the West Indian fast 
bowlers could make some- 
thing of the pitch, Gower 
seemed to think that 
England's must, though what 
the situation needed was tight 

three balls, with two magnifi- 
cent hooks and an on-drive. 
As soon as Emburey bowled at 
the other end to Edmonds it 
was a different story. In the 
next three hours, seven wick- 
ets fell for 142 runs, the 
batsmen failing to find any 
sort of a mean between wild 
attack and dour defence. Best, 
for example, spent 23 overs 
making 22 runs, while Rich- 
ards came in and batted as 
though he hada train to ca tch , 
hitting two sixes and four 
fours in 20 balls before getting 
himself out 

I am not sure why Richards 
has taken to batting at number 
six. unless it is because Sobers 
and Lloyd, the West Indies' 
last two captains, did so when 
they were his age, but it 
certainly suited England now. 

So by Saturday night the 
West Indies had reached 347 
for eight Yesterday morning 
their last two wickets added 
another 52 in 1 3.4 overs. 40 of 

like a good No 5. From the 
moment Gower took the hew 
ball on Saturday, with a 
quarter of an hour left, things 
seemed to be left more to 
chance again. I am not quite 
sure why Gower claimed it 
when he did. unless it was in 
the hope that Thomas might 
put one of the West Indian fast 
bowlers out of action with a 

He tried hard enough, but 
Marshall was unmoved and 
Walsh and Patterson stayed in 
one piece, though it was in 
fending off a short ball that 
Walsh was caught at short leg. 
By the time Botham came on 
and had Patterson caught at 
second slip, also off a short 
ball Emburey had been hit for 
16 in two overs. However, he 

finished with five for 78 to go 

ENGLAND: fir* Mobs TO (D I Omr 
6S. A J Laonb; M O Uvatafl tour (or SSV 
Saeoud barings 

G A Gooch not out 3 

W N Stock run out — — — — — 0 

D l Gomr not out . 



WEST MOIE&Rrst tarings 
CGGrearidgac Lamb b Thomas — 37 

b Em bu r ey 87 

R S Rjebarrison e Doamton 

b Embtvoy _ 

H A Gomes stamped DflMfton 
bErabuov — — 
C A Best b Edmonds 




I V A Richards e BoOMtn b Edmonds 34 
TRO Payne c Goner b Emtarey — — 5 
MD MarshaR not out - — 62 

J Gamer c Gooch b Emfauey » 12 

C Walab c Edmonds b MarahaH 3 
B P Patterson c Gooch b Botham —. 9 

Extras (Lb 11, w 1, n-b 4) 16 

Total (ai ouQ 319 

FALL Of WICKETS 1-67, 2-209, 3-242, 4- 

256, 5-298, 6-303. 7-327, 6-342. 9-364. 
BOWLING: Botham *4-063-1: Thomas 
204-66-2; EEsan 13-3-58-0; Edmonds 
30-5-96-2; Emburey 27-5-78-5. 

with his five for 124 in 
Trinidad Test on the last tour, 
and but for him and Edmonds 
England could still be in the 

Left with three quarter of an 
hour’s batting before lunch 
yesterday England lost Slade 
in their third over. He pushed 
Gamer forward of the wicket 
on the offside and set out on 
what for a pair with a close 
understanding of each other’s 
intentions would have been a 
comfortable single. 

But Gooch is a slow coach 
and seeing Gamer out of the 
comer of his eye and knowing 
that he can cover the pitch in 
half a dozen strides, he sent 
Slack back. Gamer, quick to 
see the crisis, pounced. Al- 
though somewhere near half- 
way, Slack looked to me to 
make his ground. Umpire 
Cumberbatch, better placed to 
see. thought otherwise, and 
England were two for one, the 
first wicket thrown away. 

No armour avails against spin 

What can be done to remove 
tills corse from a once beautiful 
game? For surely Saturday 
showed ns the unacceptable face 
of cricket. After the wonders of 
Sabina POrfc, Jamaica, where we 
had three days of good, dean, 
vicious fim at the Queen's Park 
Oval in Trinidad, we were forced 
to watch the ugly side of cricket 
— a fell day of spin. 

Let os not mince words. The 
batsmen were being deliberately 
tormented. Edmonds and 
Emburey were unscrupulously 
using every vicious device in 
their devious repertoires to 
make the ball buzz and fizz and 
they made life impossible for the 
best batsmen in the world. They 
did so coldly and cynically; their 
cruel aim was to cause mental 
torture in the batsmen. And they 

AU the helmets and armour in 
the world were no protection 
against the evil-minded policies 
of England's shameful pair. Not 
even Richards was aUe utterly 
to defy tins scourge of the 
modem game; be was reduced to 
cutting the ball off his stnmp, 
and thus he fefl. 

Edmonds bowled longer and 

with less lock; Emburey had the 
lock instead, which was not fair 
because it was Edmonds's birth- 
day. But the feet was that tire 
West Indians were caught 'in a 

forced by 

runs away with old-fashioned 
bouncers; but they resorted to 
the calculated torment of spin 
and briefly took control of tire 
game. Had the English batsmen 
given them some nms to bow] at, 
tire spin might have worked the 
miracle England sought. 


Colombo (Agencies) — Heavy 
rain caused the third one-day 
international between Pakistan 
and Sri Lanka to be abandoned 
without a ball being bowled. The 
the second one-day game on 
Saturday was also abandoned 
after rain prevented Sri Lanka 
from replying to the Pakistan 
score of 125 for eight in 38 
overs. Pakistan lead 1-0 in the 
four-match series. The final 
game starts tomorrow. 

SCORES: Pakistan (125 for 8, Jared 
M tainted 30: Mudassar Nazar 29). 

pincer movement between the, 
bowlers* two differing forms of 
unacceptable excellence 
England played ft sportingly 
for a while, cheerfully throwing 

But the question re ma ins and 
cannot be docked: what can be 
done to remove the curse of spin 
from the game? A white line 
threeq carters of the way np tire 
pitch, beyond which tire ball 
most not bounce? A bar sus- 
pended at half-way, under which 
the ball must pass, to eliminate 
the unfair flighted ball? Perhaps 
the bowler she old be limited to 
one ball that turns per over. 

Surely no spin should be 
bowled to taB-enders. The um- 
pire must step in. When a bowler 
turns the ball sideways and 
refuses to aim at the batsman 
surely the umpire must tell him 
to return at once to normal 
cricket and to try to knock tire 
batsman's head off. What is 
cricket supposed to be about, 
after all? 

Simon Barnes 





Tel: 031 667 2680. Edtoburgh Sports 

Agency. Times ordered results 

tint dhWon: Fata* 1.MN3: Kbtatfi 3. 

Glasgow Grega 1 ; BetoMj 3. East Ktorkte 2; 

Scod&i Farmft Dundee Krtton 0; DV-81 0. 

Vci»0 Trucks 3. W orn — '* Mi dMNOR 

BMSMI 0. Scottish Farm 3. PaWay 3. TiWty 1; 

LarMrtO. liwarctyda3;CarkM2,WMt)wri3; 

Firms 3, Prowwet tarns* i. 









Lon. Scots 





P w 


L F A 





1 127 98 




1 100 51 




2 123 104 




1 88 32 B6JS7 



3 160 118 




3 142 73 




2 43 68 




3 75 109 




2 27 50 3X33 



■ 96 146 





4 72 96 





T 70 161 



Kankwwen (Fin). 26pur. 2. J Mou&nho (For), 

H Tomonen fFk». 2ft 4, T Salcnan (Bn). M 

AtaUFhJ. C Oca (Per* *5; 7. H Mftfcob /fin* 
K Grundei fWGJ. G del Zoepo (M. 12; 10. W 
BoaW (WG). M Ericsson jSSat HL 



UNITED STATES: Nsficori Aaao cto t tai 

(NBA* Washington Buflets 110. Boston 

Caines 100 (attar extra tana* Adana Hawks 

lit, Mhrauhee Bucks 109. Los Angeles 

“ ‘ 21 (eUar 

Lakers 122. Sacramento Kings 121 . 

extra wnot Houston HocXso 126. Sen 
Antorao Spurs 117; Portl an d Tree Btezers 
1M. Utah Jazz BO: Golden Saw Wwriors 138, 
Cleveland Cavataa 128. 


NAMO Bt K enye Open: TWnt mad grtWi 

unless stated) 201: 1 WOosnam 70. 

206: J-M Contreras AM SB. 66. 72. SOT: B 
Longmulr 68. 70. 69 B Gatatar 6ft 71. 60: G 

Brand Jrr 09. 70. 0S. P Kart 70. 71 . 66. 209 J 


downMarAspent f . M GrardaB (Lu 

pts: 2. P Zurbrtggen (Swx). 2293. P MuaOar 
fSwrt). 204; 4, MWbsmaMT (WQ. 191; LL 

Sock l Austria). 16& 8, 1 Stenmark (Swa). 162: 

7. R Petrov*: (Yug* 160; 8. P WW mberger 

(Aus). 148: 9. H Strata (Ausna). 149 10. G 

Madar (Austria). 1Z3.36.MBeKGBI.44. 


downhS at Berm. Atterta): 1. M Wfetaer 

(Swrt). 241 pts: 9 E Hass (Swift 222; 3. M 

“ * (Svett. 177:4. VSehnMter (Swift 17RS. 

• — HONG). 139 7. ’ 


>. 160. 6. M KieTH ( 

Guwraonn (Aus), 134.8.M Gwg (WG). 13Z; 9. 
,3i ; m MSwarfYog, 12s. 

RnrenXSp) 69. 68.72:) Harmon 67. 72. 7ft B 



. 68. 69 J4K OtazatMl (Sp) 73. 70, 
66; M Lennar (Serai 88. 74. 67. 

Big Eight Tournament Sm aMtaa fr : towa 

5tS*> 75.N 

. j. Nebraska 58: Kansas 72, Okfchoma 

70. Mem Conference Tommest Se*£ 

finals: lortsrtto 86. Clncifinm 6S; Memphis 

Stahl 73. Roods State 71. 

chairman's CUP HNMjfc Mam Central 

READING: Head of River 1. Union 
Urxvensty. il34sec 2. tea. 114ft 1 Lean- 
car. 13.4ft 4. rhemes RC, 1343: 5. ’ 

Cota^ftKftJ. Rating Umrars^G^ 

LUMPUR: MMey atoo Open FtoM 

Pokes 78. Toyama Pokes 65- 

Bombs 45. 

leading score* 279 SGmtAiB). 70. 68. 67. 

70 277: B Jones (Aus), 68, 71, 67. 71. 279Ui 


iBJooasf — .. 

HsFCBuen (Taft 69. 68. 73. 88. 279 Chen 
- - Taj. 69. SB. 69 73; S Torrance 

. 280: Choi Sang Ho (S 

-68. 281: M StoOtna (PW1, 

71. 74. 69. 57. 282 Lu Ctta^Soon (Tail. 68. 

, 71, 68. 72. 71: M 

~ 281 T Gale 

. 14.06: 9 Leander 1 14.13; 9. 

Laandar 2. 14.16; 10. Thames ft 1432. 

Pbi m m R Wlnnat a: Head at Rfcnr London 
Lkriversxy.SanlorftBratSey. 1441. Sector C: 

46A Women's Heed at «m (Modftfc* to 

Tze-Chung (Tw, 6S. 1 
fGBJ. 67. 71. 72. 
Korea). 7ft 68. 73. 68 

Putrwyt 1, ARA Connosta. 1937: 2. 

Thames. 2ft24; 3. Oxford UrtMinty- 2038:4, 

Kingston, 2056; 5, Thames 3 and Dtfftara 

U ncrwsnv . 21 . 0«: 7. Lea LC, 21 13. 8. Surwsy- 

71. 73. 7ft G TUmerJNZL 71, i 

Cu«m (USX 72. 67. 72. 71. _ 

(Aus). 72.73. 69. 89 Ctwn TtaisngfTaft 74. 
6970. 7ft Ltto Kuo-CMi (Tot). 73. 67. 68. 7ft 
F Mnoza (PM). 74. 87. 78. C 

WetondgeLatfles. 21.15: 9 London Ur uve rm- 


ty. 2120; 1ft Osms, 21-22 

Hied of RtMn ARA Compos*. AMer 

Thames- University peanut Oxtord. Senior 

a Thames 4. Sector C: Thames 1 Nodcto 

Brtstai iMvereay. 



Downing and Jesus stayed 

bead of the men's and women's 

Lems respectively — Downing 

completing a treble. Jesus a 
double. Pembroke moved into 

the challengers position behind 

Downing while Caius were the 

only men's eight in Divirion i to 

gain their oars. 


DIVISION I: Pembroke bpd Emmanuel; 
Cdhta bpd'Ctorft Christ bpd Trinity Halt 
Magdalena bpd CtwraMt $t Catherines 
bpcf Queens' . 

DIVISION tt: 1st and 3rd Trinity n bpd 

LMBC II; Jesus fl bpd Ctere II; Cats II bpd 

Sidney Sussex: Emmanuel H bpd Dowimo 

K; Pembieke II bpd Christ Ik Jesus IH bpd 

Corpus Christ); Selwyn D bpd HtmUem 

aaas jaas.'g ^swjs 

New HaB lu AddertxookesbpdS^wynll. 

DTVKION » Queens’ n bpd Christ lkl st 

and 3rd Trinity U bpd Cakes U; TnnftyHfflij 

■ j — IU C Lta au Gimeov II m 

HWOiu iiiiRiyHuw-i-« --- 

bpd Downmq Ik Sidney Sussex l( bpd 
jjfewiiwnlH: Brnwanuaf Wl 


IV. New Hal IB bpd Grton |L 

730 unless stated 



ssctlon: OnarteMtoefc Scunthorpe w Port 


GOLA LEAGUE: Nuneaton v Maidstone. 




DMSON t Pembroke bpd 1st and 3rd 

Trinity; Keyes bpd Jesus; LMBC tmd 

Trinity Half: Peterhouse bpd ChWCtM; 

vtaton: Wa Mmimt o w v Worftmg. 



Third rouatt_ SouPipon jr^Bai go r ^ r. 

Rad d erf a Cap; 3aaMM 



. LEAGUE: flret cSvWon: HuB v 

Setwyn bpd Queens. 


Derby (7.0): Lsrcestur * West Brom (7.0). 

Seem cSvtsten: WohwhHnpton w Rolh- 


DIVISION lit Robinson bpd Gbttn: Chur- 
ch* ii bpd Queens' 9: Churchte 
and 3rd" 

If bpd Maadafene w. 

VrLMSCV bpd Sdney Sussex 

ISRJN HE KOOCtSOn DpO utrioir unur- 

II bpd Queens' N: Ourchifl HI bpd 

)C iV: Clare HI bpd TrMty HaB Ht 1st 
3rd TrM» H bps Dswm; Pnerhouae 

lit St Catharine's bpd LMBC Ik 

1st and 3rd Trrtty II bpd Ctere It Jesus n 
tmd Sidney Sussex; Cates H bpd Downmg 
It Emmanuel II bpd Christo (L 
DMSKU1 III: Robinson bpd Queens 11; 

Churctufl 111 tmd Trinity HalNI; Ctere Qi bpd 

Darvwi; M^datene n bpd Patatiouse B: 
Christs IU bpd Sidney Sussex II. 
DMSJON IV: Queens in i 
Cathareie's It Pembroke a bpd 

Emmanuel IH^ St Catherine’s W; 


FA TROPHY; Fcwth rwwS: Chetortum v 

Altnncfiam: Sauthba* v EnfiekL Thod 

rowxl. aecond replay: W y combe ffimder- 

era v Leek. 


BADimiTON: Yorwx AB England Open (at 
Watford LC). 

RACKETS: Catostkm British Open (at 

G<non 11 bpd St Cdttannes IU; Churchill IV 

bod Jesus IV. 

DIVISION Vi CfwcM IV bpd Sf Edmunds 

House; Selwyn ffl bpd Addentoookas; 

Petethowa HI bpd Sidney Sussex III; 
Panwroke IV opa Claa IV: Ctere V bpd 1st 

ana 3rd Trinity IV: Christ IV bgd Caiua (V: 

Bimanual V bpd Emmanuel IV; Christ V 



H bod Jesus ft 

DIVISION V: Churchill IV 
Atidenbroofce'B; Setwyn id 
S ussex III; Peterhouse iq trpd Ctere 

Pembroke IV tad 1st aid 3id Trinity IV; 

Christs IV bpd Emmanuel IV. 


DIVISION t Hom e rton bpd Churchy 
Emmanuel bpd Ctere: Caius bpd New HaB: 
1st and 3rd Trinity bud Gkton; Queen's 

bpd Sidney Sussex; St Catherine's bpd 

Own's CMft 



Proctor Memond (at 

Goodwood first 

DIVISION fc Emmanuel bpd Tnmty Had; 

FrtowHtam bpd Clare; 1st and 3rd Triwy 

bpd New Haft LMBC bpd Gkton; £j 

Catherines bpd Sidney Sussag Denying 

It C 

Setwyn; JaauaUt 

WWSJON 5; Downing bpd Setwyn: Cor- 
pus ChnsWPeteriwse bpd Robanon: 
P e mbroke bpd Newnh am it; ChurtfM n 

bpd QMABC: woilson bpd New Hall Ik 

LMBC II bpd Setwyn D. 

omstON Hk Addenbrootte's hud Christs 

It LMBC ill bpd Caas V: 1st and M 

TMraty U bpd Downing Ik' Trinity Hall II bpd 

St Cathamw'a fl: Sidriey Siesax 0 bpd 
Homeno n IL Emmanuel HI bpo Gkton. 

The 1987 European di 

championships are to be held for 
the first time at Goodwood 
(Jenny MacAnhur writes). The 
provisional dares are July 8 to 
12 Fears that Britain might lose 

the championship to the Nether- 
lands because of £ 

the difficulties 

of finding a sponsor within the 

time stipulated by the FEI were 

dispelled when the British Horse 

Society agreed to act as guar- 

antors for tire championships. 


The man who finished as he started: the victorious Kelly 

Fortune smiles on Kelly 

By John WDcockson 

Not since the early 1970s 
when Eddy Merckx was 
dominating the sport has one 
man shown as much hunger for 

victory as Sean Kelly. Yesterday 

the 29-year-old Irishman fin- 
ished the 750-mile Paris lo Nice 
race the same way as be had 
started a week ago. with a time 
trial victory. 

By winning the prologue last 
week in freezing weather at 
Vincennes Kelly established an 
adequate lead over his immedi- 

ate rivals, led by Greg LeMond, 

of United States. All Iasi week 
Kelly and his multi-national 
Kas’team controlled the siiua- 

terday when, in perfect con- 
ditions, warm with little wind, 
Kelly smashed the course record 
for the time trial from Nice to 
the top of ibe Haute Comiche. 
He covered the 6.7 miles in 19 
minutes 45 seconds. 

LeMond was almost a minute 
slower while Zimmerman con- 
ceded only 27 seconds to main? 
tain his overall second place. 
The talented Frenchman, Jean- 
Francois Bernard, took the de- 
served second place in the time 
trial but this was only good 
enough to lift him from ninth to 
seventh place in the final stand- 

lion so well that he was able to 
id take 

win one more stage ant 
four second places. 

On the decisive stage up Mont 
Ventoux on Thursday LeMond 
cracked and Urs Zimmerman, 
of Switzerland, emerged as 
Kelly's main challenger. These 
positions were confirmed yes- 

Earlier in the day Kelly was 
surprisingly beaten in a mass- 
sprint finish that ended the 63- 
mile stage from Mandelieu. He 
was overtaken in the final yard 
by the rapid Spaniard, Alfonso 
Guttierez, who scored a similar 
success over Kelly three weeks 
ago at Albacete in Spain. 

Kelly's next big assignment is 
the Milan to San Remo race in 
Ttafy next Saturday. He will 
remain ai Nice and prepare for 
this 180-mile one-day classic 
that he has yet to -win, unlike 
Merckx, who scored a record 
seven victories in the event But 
after winning Paris to Nice for 
the fifth successive year Kelly 
may at last find the good fortune 
to go with his super fitness. 
STAGE 6 (Toteon ID Mmdefiau. 121 

mtesE 1 . J Pwtenen (Den* 5hr 2fti*i 58 

sac; 2. S KeHy (Ire), at Iraki ISsac X E 
Schepars (BaQ. Unin Iflsae 4. C Mattel 
(Frt, imin 18s0C;5. RStaton (Pt). Unto 18 
tec Stage ,7a (MandeOau to -Nfce, £3 

‘ sk 1. AGutterez (Sp). 2tir31min37 


_tir 31mm 37aac. Stage 7b (Nice to CQt 

(TEze. 6.7-maa time tnaft 1. Keffy. f9nun 
459ec2. J Bernard (Fr). 19mto 5 »hc; 3. U 
Ztoxnanna n (Santa), 20 mto l2sac 4. 
LeMond. ZQrhi 448BC 5. E Cariuux (Ft). 

20mto 51 sac. FM patebnK 1, Kata 
.Ztoxnannan, at tram 

33hr12mto21sac:2. ^ 

45S8C 3. LeMond. anm22sac: 4. Stolon. 

2mai 50sac; 5. CaritoiK. 2mm 54sac. 



From John BaDMlw» Miami 

Ken Brown's third round of 
73. following bis opening 68s, 
dropped him from joint second 
place to share sixth position in 
the Dora! Eastern Open. The 
strong wind made the difficult 
“Blue Monster" course two 
strokes harder; witness the need 
for three irons instead of pitch- 

ing wedges to the last green. 
The third 

round opened 

rather like Hamlet with a thun- 
derous blare of trumpets and the 
dramatic appearance of the 
ghost in this context, a string of 
seven birdies and the re-emer- 
gence of the 39-year-old Hubert 

The man from Alabama who 
won the 1977 US Open makes a 
habit of popping up unexpect- 
edly from lime to time as he did 
to win the PGA title last year. 

two strokes. Another went at the 
next where he drove into sand 
but be got down a 10 footer for a 
birdie two at the short ninth to 
turn in 37. 

He dropped a further stroke ax 
the Uth and missed a birdie 
chance from 12 feet at the 14th. 
But two quick bodies restored 
his fortunes and his faith in his 
old hickory putter and won him 
many friends in the crowd and 
on nationwide television. He 

holed from 20ft at the short 15th 
and played a wonderfully judged 
60 yard banker shot lo within 
four feet at the 16th. His Ryder 
Cup team mates, Bernhard 
Langer and Sandy Lyle, had 
failed to qualify with 76 and 73 

70. 70. 64 206: T Kite 66. 57. 73. 207: J 
IDOfpa 68. 69. 70; A Boan 71 , 68.66; D A 
Wehrtns 69. 57. 71. Wt K Bream 68. 68, 
73 . . 

McEvoy takes trophy 

• By Mitchell Platts 

His startling fins nine 29 and 
equent 64 

subsequent 64 made it a case of 
“Who's going to be second?" 
Tom Kite struggled to keep him 
.in his sights but finished two 

Brown certainly did not col- 
lapse; it was rather a question of 
his being trampled on in the 
rush. He went out in the last 
group with Kite and Ed Fiori 
and began with a birdie, piteb- 

in^to 10 feel and holing out. 

.-our pars followed, including 
a good “save" from a bunker 
with a 12 footer, before the luck 

tie bad said the previous night 

... — .j y 

would be necessary totally de- 
serted him. He misjudged his 
approach to the 427 yard sixth 
and found his baD 30 yards over 
the green and in a thick patch of 
Bermuda grass. He hit under it 
and plopped it into a bunker 
from where he took a six to drop 

Peter McEvoy won the 
Berkhamsted Trophy, one of the 
few amateur prizes to have 
previously escaped his grasp, 
when he overcame Roger Roper 
at the second extra hole at 
Berkhamsted on Saturday. 

McEvoy came dose to miss- 
ing out again, as he trad done in 
1978 when beaten in a play-off 
by John Davies. 

An 80ft pun at the sixth bole 
in the second round trans- 
formed McEvoy's challenge- He 
went mi to hole two other good 
putts of around 20ft in a run of 
four birdies in nine holes. 

Roper, of Catterick Garrison, 
the joint holder of the Brabazon 
Trophy, played excellently from 
tee to green. He scored -73 and 
71, a marvellous effort on bis 
first visit to Berkhamsted, to 
equal McEvoy's 36-hole, two- 
over-par aggregate of 144. Roper 
missed his opportunity of win- 
ning by taking 36 puns in each 
of his two rounds. 

McEvoy should have won at 
the first extra bole. Roper 

comprehensively missed the 
green with his second shot Then 
McEvoy, from 80 yards out, 
gave his pitching wedge ap- 
proach too much air — slightly 
ironic since Fred Titmus, the 
former England and Middlesex 
crickedter, was caddying for him 
— and the ball sailed over the 
green. Both players finished 
wife sixes. 

Roper took three putts at the 
next hole — striking a four- 
footer firmly enough torthie ball 
to horse-shoe out — and so he 
lost the sudden death pfay-ofL 

LEADING) SCORES: 144: P McEvoy (Qopt 
Hash). 76, 6ft R Ropar (Cation* 
Gamaon), 73, 71 (McEvoy won ptay-otf at 

(McEvoy wc 

second extra Met 146: 

(Beacons Bean. 70. 78. 147: A Ctark (did 
Fold M snort, 7ft 75: J C Bavin 
tenodsle). 75. 7ft 146: G Thomas 
g ©Son). 75. 73; S Wood (Hama 
__.J, 75, 73: A Rogers (Eaflng). 76. 7ft 
146: M Ure (BUtoteW >3. 7ft A Ctepp 
(HarpenQan). 7ft 7ft M J VWd (AaWon- 
undar-Lyma), 70. 79. 159: D A Jamas 

(Durrrfrias and Cauntff, 77 ± 7ft- A Robert- 

son (Seaton 


i Rivers}, 75, 

’4. 76: C A Banks 
75. 75; D Jones 



The tennis is better news fean partly .ffjSS j? 

it should be. 

considering the difference, be- 
tween Spanish serving and 
-volleying and West Indian 
bouncers. But during fee 
four , years of the Davis Cup 
competition, sponsored fry 
Japan’s NEC Corporat«Hi, Bnt- 
ain has- never been nee of 
anxiety about relegation, or 
promotion: "a terrible 

syndrome”, in fee words of their 
captain, Bud H u t ch i n s. 

Never, that is. until 4 o'clock, 
on Saturday afternoon, when 
they aciuevtri a winning 3rO lead 

Palace tit I97S wheti John 
played one of his finest matches 
to crush John Alexander • in 
straight sets. Logically, fee Su- 
preme surface should have fee 

aver Spain at fee cost oftmjy 

two sets. The margin exceed — 
aD reasonable expectations, the 

crowd again challenged the 
c apa c i ty of Telford's indoor 
arena and the future looted 
exciting. .. 

In winning four consecutive 
ties against weak* lo. middling 
opposition — Portugal. Switzer- 
land, Israel and Spain — Britain 
have had their longest ran of 
success since 1978. In the pro- 
cess Jeremy Bates has fiOed-. fee- 
worrying gap left by Buster 
Mottram’s reti re ment. 

To quote Hutchins a g ai n : 
“We're on a bit of a roH.” It 

* fist carpet imported fora 
Sweden for lheoccaskm.waaooe 
reason why fee gifted young 
Spaniards were beaten so firmly 
at Telford. 

There weai Swr other sab 
sons: Bates, who gave Britain 
the start they needed by winning 
an eventnafiy fetqfe match with 
fee more direct Sergio Casal; 
Uoyd. who made hrs Davis Cup 
debut in 1974 and again pro- 
duced the goods; Colin 
Dowdeswefl. often a dazzling, 
partner . fci . Lloyd during 
Saturday’s 6-4, 6-3i,b-3»d©ubfe& ; 
-win over Casnl 'aad Emilio 
Sanchez; and. Casal whose dis- 
appointing stagier and doubles 

play seldom did him justice. 

On Saturday .DowdeswdTs 
swift raid dextrous net play 
perfectly comptanented Lloyd's 
consistent. less flashy com- 
petence in crea t in g openings 
wife services or service returns. 
“This was die best match -we 

-were on a mi oi# rou. « wVL-T 

could last for a while, too. In the have pfayed, Uoyd and. “They 
second round (fee fast right) *c fee beaieam 
Britain will play then- eighth but we destroyed them. I don’t 

consecutive home tie. agains t 
Australia, from July 18 to 20. 
Hutchins and .company went 
into a huddle on . Sat ur da y 
evening to discuss which surface 
would best serve their purpose. 
They reduced fee options to 
mass or the carpet-like Supreme 
Court is familiar indoors 
but, in this case, would be faod 

think they knew what hit them, 
Cohn was razor sharp. His hnn$ 

were telescopfe.” . 

The most gratifyiira pnzzfe of 
tire ; tie was fee splendour- of 
Bates, who matte nonse ns e of 
the fact that be does rat even 
tank in feeftop 100., . . . . 

“I started well in the Davis 
Cop, beat Heinz Guafeanft ha 


It may be relevant that in 

Britain’s fast away tie on gnus, 
ax Adelaide in 1983, Australia 
beat them with a day to spore. It 
may be equally relevant that 

good feefiag about it." he - ex- 

Whatever fee reason. Bates 

the Davis Cop player is a dass 
ye Bates the tournament 



Sweden sweep through 

Sweden, tire holders, com- 
pleted the root of Denmark 
when they won the reverse 
singles yesterday for a S4) 
victory in tfaeir Davis Cup world 
group first round tie. : Mats 
WQander and Joaktin Nystrom 
brushed aside Michael Tauson 
and Morten Christensen. 


fee first against 

leading 4-2 and _ 

Nystrom's unerring return of 
servetook over fee match which 
the Swede ’ won 7-5 - 6-1. 

WDander beat Tauson 6-2 6-3 in 
a one-sided contest. 

Tomas Smid and MUostav 
Medr swept through their sin- J 
gfes matches to give- Czecho- 
slovakia a 4-1 victory over 
India, in Calcutta. Smid secured - 
the World Group tie when he 
beatVijay Amritrq 345, 6-3, 6* I . 
6-2, in the first reverse singles 
match. Mecir trounced Ramesh 
Krishnan 6-3,. 6-2, is fee 
meaningless second reverse sin- 
gles. which was reduced to best- 
of-three sets. 


Wigan recover to 
storm into semis 

By Macklin 

While St fideas will d aim 
that fee gift wrapped intercep- 
tion try by . David Stephenson 
was fee turniiR point of an 
exciting cup tie. Wigan's tally of 
five tries to three, and irresist- 
ible second half performance 
justified the holder's march into 
the third round of fee Silk Cm 
Challenge Cup wife a 24-14 
score fine. ; 

St Helen* led 104 at half 
time, fee result of some fine 
distribution by Hany Pinner, 
the drive of Roy Haggerty and 
two brilliant tries by fee centres, " 
the -Australian, Brett French, 
and fee New Zealander, Mark 
Ella. They each showed scorch- 
ing pace to slice through the 
Wigan defence and swerve 
passed the Wigan fall back. 
Stove Hampson. Wigan, dis- 
jointed and relying on individ- 
ual bursts in the first half; got an 
equally good try from another 
Australian, Steve Ella, who sold 
a neat dummy before touching 
down. • 

Holding attempted to create a 
left wing overlap, but his pass 
was snapped up by a surprised 
and delighted Stephenson, who 
romped to the post desperately 
pursued by Holding. Stephen- 
son again kicked ihcgoaL “ 

As St Helens wilted Wigair 
grew m confidence and the swift 
haixfltng created left wing over- 
laps for tries from Hampson and 
Ellery Hanky. St Helens fought 
hade briefly and Pinner and Phil 
Veivers made a try for the 
substitute back Sunn Allen but 
Wigan strode confidently to- 
wards their third successive . 
Wembley appearance. 

Oldham tackled ferociously to . 
beat Waniuton. They trailed 1- 
6. but two fine tries by Warrall 
and Foy, and two goals from. 
Warrall save them a 13-6 win in 
a bruising cup tie. The outstand-? . 
mg achievement in tire second 

round was by Bramley. of tire 
" division, who held .fee 

The second half brought a 
transformation- Wigan roared 
into combined attack, wife the 
South African substitute for- 
ward. Nick Du Toit,. giving 
greater purpose to tire pack. Ella, 
the man <h the match, gave a 
slick pass to send Stephenson 
diving over, and the centre 
kicked the goal himself to level 
the scores. 

Then came a mortifying mo- 
ment for the St Helens scrum 
half. Neil Holding. As St Helen? 
attacked on the halfway line, 


first division side Bradford- 
Northern to a 20-20 draw de- 
spite having Hanlons sent off. 
Fletcher go* tire vital late 
equalising try. . 

Casttefard gave Barrow an 
early gift tty, but then took 
charge to win 30-6. Leigh were, 
surprisingly 5-6 down at . half 
time. Bur overran Blackpool' 
Borongh in the second half 

In the championship games 
Halifax went back to the lop. of 
division one, .narrowly beating 
Swmton 1 6-14, white Leeds beat 
the top club, Widnes, 29-12. ' 


Leicester end 
Park cup run 

By Michael Stevenson 

Cardiff reach semi-finals 
despite lack of flair 

There were no surprises ax 
Chelsfidd Grove yesterday, 
where Leicester's greater speed, 
physical presence and 
organisation resulted in the end 
of Brooghton Park's Cup run. 
Leicester scored seven goals and 
a try to two penalties. 

Leicester's first points came 
from a pushover try. touched 
down by Richards. A penalty fry 
O'Brien halved Leicester's lead 
but Evans, cutting in field from 
fee right wing, showed the cover 
in a clean pair of beds for a 
magnificent try. 

Young and Wdh added tries 
and Hare cm verted all four first 
half tries toearn Leicester a 24-3 
interval lead. After O'Brien's 
second penalty Foulkes-ArfokL- 
Richards (21 and Tress ler scored 
tries with Hare kicking three 
more conversions. 

Careful preparation served 
Nottingham well jfrhen beating 
Wakefield 26-7 at College 
Grove. All six tries were wdl 

Those who saw this quarter- 
final match between Cardiff and 
their neighbours from down tire 
road, Glamorgan Wanderers, 
will wife that the quality of fee 
play in fee semi-finals and final 
will superior to what they saw al 
the Arms Park on Saturday 
(Gerald Davies writes). 

Aberavon, in beating Llanelli, 
had already gov their ticket to 
the semi-finals. On Saturday 
Bridgend drew with Maesteg but 
went through because they 
scored the only try. There was a 
try apiece in Newport's match 
with Swansea, but Turner se- 
cured victory for the home team 
wife two fate penalties. Cardiff 
will play Bridgend and Newport 
face Aberavon in fee semi-finals 
to be played on March 22. ' 

With Cardiff making such 
heavy weather of the match, 
winning eventually 21-12, John 
Scott assumed the mantle of his 
days as leader. Time and again 

Ward likely 
fo appear 
for Ireland 


be signalled with an arm partly 

outstretched, motioning 
wards, as if patting a huge dog, 
to say, "Cool it, keep it under 
control." Cardiff did control 
largely through fee hack row 
and Davies at stand-off halt 

Tony Ward, one of Ireland's 

most controversial players, 
looks almost certain to win his 
se ven t e e n th cap against Scot- 
land at Lansdowbe Road on 
Saturday. - . 

CARDIFF: M Rajtor, A Gtesson. R 
Ackerman. A J Donovan. A Kadtey, itf O 
Dartes, s Cannon.- J vmmtood. A J 
pnaps (CSptatoL I TWeman. OGabna. R 
Norsnr. M Rowtey. G Roberts. J T Scott 

Hembury. M Henry. E NotomL N Want, A 
Frsnctt, G WjwlL Q Wafems. 6 Gough,' M 
Shugar, P PrfctatfcapO. H Thomas (rep: 

ft ” an p 


Refer**: K Pwfitt (WRU). 

Keyes.' who 
played’ against England at 
Twickenham, is nursing a ham- 
string injury sustained on Sat- 
urday and is in the. “extremely 
doubtful" category, as is the 
centre, Michael Kieman, who 
h as a groin strainJE-iewitt, of 
NIFC. -will play if Kiernan h 
ruled oql 

Alcock provides inspiration 

By Peter Marson 

The Army 

Royal Navy 


HOCKEY: Two goals by Sean 
Keriy. scored in identical fash- 
ion from short corners, enabled 
Southgate to beat Hounslow 2-0 
at Fcltham yesterday and make 
their way into the fourth round 
of the Hockey Association Cup. 

Not the least satisfactory as- 
pect of fee Royal Navy’s victory 
ax Twickenham on Saturday (by 
a try. a dropped goal and two 
penalty goals to a penalty goal) 
was fee manner in which it was 
attained. Receiving Stewart 
Wrightson’s trophy for the first . Woodcock’s uy 

lime in the last five years, fee 
Navy's captain, Alcock. had 

inspired confidence at full back. 

Many offee Army’s problems 
had been of their own making, 
typified by Bentley's failure to 
find the target -in three out of 
four penalty goal attempts. 
Durkin's kicking was not one 
hundred per cent but Kellett’s 
penalty goal helped to signal 
naval do minance. 

By fee halfway stage, with the 
sides level at 3-3, the Navy must 
have been optimistic.’. 

a splendid, 

dropped goal by Price bolstered 
that optimism », 

■ “Keyes and Kieman, who will 
undergo fitness rests in Cork on 
Wednesday,' were two’ oT four 
members offee team feat paida 
visit to hospital yesterday, the 
others being MuHia, : .fee centre, 
and Carr, the wing forward. 
Mullin was thought to. have 
fractured a small bope near an 
ankle, but an X-ray. revealed 
that this was. not the case. Cur 
hada spot of knee trouble. None 
of - the four >iook pan in. the 
training session-, although 
MuUinnnd Carr are expected to : 
play on Saturday. 


Ilagler tipped 
to retain 
world title 

The most outstanding cham- 
pion in fee world today, Marvin 
Hagler. defends' " his middle- 
weight title against John 
Miraabi, of Uganda, tomorrow 
at Caesars Palace. Las Vegas (a 
Special Correspondent writes)! 
Although Hagler has.not boxed 
since last April, he has kept 
himself in tremendous feape 
and . Las Vegas, bookmakers 
quote Trim as 7-2 on to arid 
Mugabi to his list of victims. • 
. Mugabi should, however, be a 
worthy oponent. He has accu- 
mulated a flawless 26 and 0 the past two years 
the Ugandan, who is based in 
Tampa* Florida, has destroyed 
some .of the top names in fee 
middleweight and junior 
^Bttfleweight divisions. Man- 
aged by the "London "promoter,- 
Mickey Duff lQ of his 26 bouts 
have ended . in- the’ first . round 
and six others in the second. . . 

,^ uce ^7 design by 
Pierre Fehlmann which has ted 
this feted stage of the Whiteread 
Round fee World Yacht Race 
frost Auckland -around Cape 
Horn to Uraguay drewr within 
^ finish line off 
ftmta del Este last night, a fate 
Chang? ijrjte wind promises a. 
erase finish between the first 
-xnree yachts in tins 14 strong 
Beet tomorrow. 

. P. 




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.By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Manchester United. 
West Ham United 

The &H.' wrath of Old 
Trafford was unleashed yes- 
terday afternoon on Brian 
Stevens. The referee, who 
preferred to take little decisive 

action durim'Aejempesnioas 
FA Cup fitth -round tie at 
Upton Park ’last Wednesday, 
understandably infuriated a 
crowd of over 30,000 -with two 
decisions that were to have a 
significant effect onibe out- 
come of the . replay covered 
live on television. 

In harshly awarding a penal- 
ty, converted by .Stewart, in 
the S4ih minute fora nudge by 
Stapleton on Martin that was 
scarcely noticeable, he ush- 
ered West Ham United to- 
wards a place in the sixth 
round. In denying Manchester 
United a penalty in the follow- 
ing minute for a blatant push 
by Stewart on the luckless 
Stapleton,' he effectively 
closed the door on the Cup 
holders. West -Ham’s victory 
was deserved but nevertheless 

With Robson and Moran 
missing through injury. 
United’s new defensive for- 
mation had included for a 
second cup-tie Higgins, whose 
career was thought to be over 
two. years ago at Everton. 

With Ron Atkinson faxed 
as ever to reshuffle his pack. 
United relied once more on 
spontaneous inspiration, re- 
maining charmingly, if. some- 
times frustratingly 


West Ham, with the benefit 
of an unchanged team sheet, 
were better organized. They 
defended in numbers, were 
prepared to concede posses- 
sion in midfield and. broke 
with notable speed through 
their largely lonely but danger- 
ous from runners, Cotiee and 

McAvennie- Their strategy 
was as uncomplicated as h was 

United’s individual .bril- 
liance gave early and glorious 
promise. The incisive deep 
\ rims of Gibson and the prob- 
ing passes of Strachan were 
mainly responsible for that 
and Hughes, lying almost on 
the goalline, should, have giv- 
en them some tangible reward 
from McGrath's : low cross. 
Instead, his two - stabbed at- 
tempts lacked the necessary 

"As United's opening fires 
turned to embers, .-West Ham 
emerged from their cool com- 
posure to take the lead in the 
18th minute. . McGrath, in 
chasing McAvennie, unneces- 
sarily yielded a comer. . Ward 
took it and, ignoring the taller 
figures in the middle, picked 
out Pike some 15 yards oul 
His dean and accurate header 
soared over Albiston and un- 
der the bar. West Ham pro- 
tected themselves at times 
uncomfortably and never 
more so in the first half than 
when Parris tripped Strachan, 
who had been released by 
Whiteside’s delightful through 
ball and was closing in on the 
edge of the area. For that ugly 
offence. Parris was cautioned 
as were Ward, Stewart and 
Whiteside for similarly illegit- 
imate assaults. 

After the interval Parfces 
covered the holes that ^>- 
peared in West Ham’s other- 
wise soKd shield. He twice 
denied Hughes, once remark- 
ably from dose range and was 
later fortunate to see Parris, 
with a faint touch, disturb 
Stapleton's aim as he came in 
to meet an Olsen cross that 
had left the goalkeeper trans- 
fixed on his line. 

Parkes the saviour, the West Ham goalkeeper is is the right place to frustrate Stapleton (left) and rescue.': his defence 

Managers in a telling mood 

By David Powell 



... 2 

t. A ABwtan, N WWesfaa, P 

McGrath.- M HgdnafC Btoctanore). J 
Olsen. G Stnchan, M Hughes. F 
Stapleton. C Gibson. ' WEST HAM 
WOTS* P Parkas: R Stewart. G Parris, A 
Gals. A Martin, A Devonshire. M Ward, F 
McAvennie. A Dickens, A Gottee, G Pint 
Referee: T B Stevens (Stotwhouse). 

Two managers with much in 
common could not have pre- 
sented more contrasting acts in 
Saturday’s FA Cup quarter-final 
at the Goldstone Ground. On 
the one hand was 
Southampton’s Chris Ntcholl, 
keeping a tight rein on his 
emotions and hardly daring to 
think he could- win the Cup in 
his first season as a manager. On 
the other was Chris Catilin of 
Brighton, spiffing out h is dis- 
appointment before any re- 
porter had the chance to ask him 
a question. 

'Nicholl and Cattiin were 17- 
year-olds : together at Burnley, 
were not kept on, but ultimately 
did establish themselves as play- 
ers. Catilin, like Nicholl, is in his 

first managerial job and is 
making a good go of it. 

But their different after-match 
moods were in keeping with 
each team's performance, Brigh- 
ton (and Cattiin) offering greater 
freedom of expression, 
Southampton (and Nicholl) un- 
pretentious but efficient. 

“A tribute to teamwork," 
Nicholl asserted. "Excellent 
goals. We worked hard and we 
fought hard." And Catilin ad- 
mired them for it. "Southamp- 
ton deserved to win." be 
conceded. "We never did our- 
selves justice and didn't play. 
We got done by two sucker 
punches. It's no good sweeping 
it under the carpet — we made 

The irony of Southampton's 
first goal, after 13 minutes, was 
that it was the product of an 
error and a smart piece of 
thinking . by two men who 
appeared together in Brighton’s 
Cup final team of three seasons 

ago. Pearce, the only member of 
that Brighton side to tine up on 
Saturday, carelessly played a 
pass to Case. Lawrence was then 
released down the right by 
Wallace and Moran splendidly 
headed his first goal of the year. 

Seven minutes before half- 
time Brighton's defence again 
failed to offer a challenge as 
Southampton swept forward. 
Townsend made a surging run 
down centre field and, though 
any one of three Brighton 

players might have attempted a 
tackle, COckei 

:erill was given a free 
run into the area to beat 

For all their neat manoeuvres 
in midfield, particularly in the 
last half hour, Brighton threat- 
ened Stilton only when Connor 
was in possession. Cattiin's 
gamble in giving Ferguson a rare 
opportunity, at the expense of 
Biiey, was a failure, highlighted 
by Ferguson’s wasting the sec- 

ond division club's best chance 
when he dithered on the ball 
with only Shilton to beat 

With Cockerill beavering 
away and Townsend influential 
after replacing the injured Wal- 
lace. Southampton were 
comfortable winners, reaching 
the semi-finals for the second 
time in three years. 

For two men in particular the 
call of Wembley is loud: Holmes 
is a survivor from 
Southampton's one and only 
Cup-winning team of a decade 
ago and Case will be a rare case 
indeed if he goes there with yet 
another club, having already 
appeared in Cup finals for 
Liverpool and Brighton. 

Digweed: S Jacobs (sub: A Bitty), G 
Pearce. D VWson. E Young. G 0'Reffly, D 
Saunders. S Penney. M Ferguson, T 
Connor. D Mortimer. 

Holmes. J Casa. M Wright K Bond. G 
Lawrence. G CockenU, S Moran. D 
Armstrong, D Waiace (sub: A Townsend). 
Referee: N MMgetey (SafiwdJ. 

Barnstorming over for Bury Salvage operations at Villa 

By Nicholas Halting 





Wigan’s Springfield Paric is 
not that for from Anfidd bur for 
Bury tomorrow night those few 
miles will represent the dif- 
ference between reality and 

Instead of taking the field at 
Liverpool for an FA Cup quar- 
ter-final Buiy will step on jto 
Wigan's ground for a ■ third 
division match, knowing that 
Saturday’s television gantry wiB 
have been dismantled at their 
own Gigg Lane home, where the 
touts wul not be back for a 
while. : - 

The dream must have been 
fun white U lasted, which was.fbr 
50 minutes of this fifth round 
replay. It was then that Watford 
started to show something for 
their superior command and 
Barnes, in particular, for his 
exuberant talent. 

Revealing that he is as capable 
of turning it on in the modest 
surroundings of a tree-hoed 
ground, backing on to a grave- 

yard on the fringe of the 
Lancashire moos, as heis in the 
spacious concrete bowl of the 
•M&racana. Baines displayed the 
kind of for m tbac .would make 
. him. an England regular if only 
Kbe was more consistent: 

‘.Thar he. did not score hardly 
mattered. He might have done 
had Graham Taylor, Watford’s 
manager, spared Bury further 
stress try removing the winger 
with 10 minutes left “to get my 
own back because he had been 
taking the mickey about the way 
the West Indies were thrashing 
England at cricket.” 

Players have been substituted 
for rather more serious crimes, 
so it was with ajamity gait that 
Barnes went off, his job done, 
much to the relief of valentine, 
among, others. The centre half 
had bwn beaten for pace, hot for 
the fins time, when Barnes 
supplied the crass for Sterling to 
bead Watford’s third goal five 
minutes earlier. - 

The second goal had come 
when Barnes bad flicked on 
C a ll aghan ’s corner for West to 
nod in. Surprisingly, the first 
h ad nothing to do. with Barnes, 
Callaghan capitalizing on the 

only lapse of Hughes in goal to 
head in Sterling's fiftieth- 
minute cross. Earlier still, 
Barnes had left the bar quivering 
with a shew and provided .West 
with a chance that would have" 
given Watford an interval lead 
had not Hughes bettered his 
previous save from Terry. AD of 
whiclr must make ft . sound 
nonsensical that- Watford did 
not wrap the tie up in last 
Wednesday's first instalment 
Surprised, then, by 
BramhalTs late equalizer, Wat- 
ford were shaken early in the 
replay as the Shakers, gal- 
vanized by Cross and Ross, who 
have known a cup tie or two, 
pushed ever forward. Coton 
pounced on a shot from Ross 
and watched others by Madden 
and HiB drift wide of nis goaL It 
looked Hfce the stuff of which 
cap upsets are made but Wat- 
ford were to survive - until 
tomorrow at least 

By Simon CTHagan 

BURY: 1 Hughes: C Dixon. A HR, T Ross, P 
h J Bran 

Valentin®, J Brambci. C Harris. C Mad- 
den. D Cross. J Jakub. K Young. 
WATFORD: A Colon: N Gibbs, w Rostron. 
B Talbot. S Terry. J McCMand. W 
Storing. N Catoghan. C West. K JackatU 
Bernes (sub: MAMn). 

Rafaraa: R Lewis (Greet BooMnm, Sur- 

Aston Villa will fed like men 
tryingio salvage gold from their 
own shipwreck when- they visit 
Oxford United in the second leg 
of their Milk Cup semi-final on 
Wednesday, for it re p re sents 
alast chance to alleviate the 
misery of a league season which 
took an almost catastrophic turn 
for the worse on Saturday when 
they lost 4-1 athometo ArsenaL 

Graham Turner, the Villa 
manager, has grown accustomed 
to playing down the succession 
of bad results which have been 
afflicting his side in the league. 
But Saturday's match, in which 
Villa conceded all four goals in 
the last 32 minutes, took some 
explaining, and Turner’s po- 
sition ' was made no more 
comfortable by the noisy 
demonstration which took place 
afterwards outside the ground. 

"No manager enjoys this sort 
of treatment and no man»g w 
could enjoy the last half hour of 
that game today," Turner said. 
"We just needed to win, how- 
ever we did h. Once we had gone 
ahead we should not have lost 

We have enough experience and 
ability not to be in this 
position.” .Arsenal, hardly a 
potent force in attack, won 
through an own goal by Elliott 
and one each from Nicholas, 
Rocastie and Hayes. 

With Villa lying third from 
bottom of the table, four points 
from safety, the possibility of 
Birmingham losing all three of 
its first division dubs at the end 
of the season looms ever larger. 
It wiD have been small comfort 
to Villa that Birmingham City 
and West Bromwich Albion, 
second to bottom and bottom 
respectively, each managed to 
let in five on Saturday. ^ 

Albion’s defeat vras Totten- 
ham Hotspur’s gauiT though 
such has beerT Spurs’ own 
declining form that a mere 
10,841 people, were at White 
Hart Lane to see Mabbutt, Falco 
(2), Galvin and Waddle score 
the goals which make life a bit 
easier for the manager, Peter 
Shreeve. Birmingham, mean- 
while. were suffering at Shef- 
field Wednesday, for whom 

Shun scored three, making five 
in two games. 

At the top of the first division, 
Liverpool were less generous to 
Queen’s Park Rangers than they 
had been in the Milk Cup last 
week, winning 4-1. McMahon 
(2), Rush and Wark were the 
men who found the right net this 
time. Chelsea played beach 
football with Manchester City 
and kept in touch with the 
leaders when Reid put through 
his own goal with five minutes 
left. But it was a dreadful match 
and the mud and sand which 
passes for the Stamford Bridge 
pitch hardly bodes well for 
Chelsea's championship chal- 

PHY: SamHknfc Tottemhoe 0. Setoy 1. 
League trophy- Second round: Cranfald 
U rated 1. Kneoworth 0. Proinief dMatoro 

Easton Bray United 3. SWHnmonO; Milton 

Keynes Boro 1 . Sheflom 0; New Bradwefl 
St Peter 0. Hoddesdon ft Phton 3, 
Langford 0: Wmosiow United 1. Ashcroft 
Co-Op 0; 61 Ffc Luton 2. Leighton 1. 
O’Brien Butchers Trophy Sendy Albion 0. 
Welwyn Garden United 3; Pdstone And 
Mvinghoe 0. Buckingham Athletic 2. Fire* 
dWoR Brache Sparta 0 Electrolux 4 
Harpanden 3 Walden Rangers 1. . 



Fifth round replays 

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issasASs satras. 

West Ham 3; Birmingham t.TMtenham 2; 
Rudtal .Bristol Rovers 2: Soulhsnefion 
4, Swansea i; Swindon 2. Portsmouth 1; 
' Oxlord United 0, Chetsaa 1 Postponed: 

Art s ft Newry 1; 
Banymena 0. Poradown i: Cairick 0. 

Crusaders 1; CSftonvia 3. Lame l; 

DjajUcTY Hi Bangor 1; Gtonawn 0. 
Goterane 1 ; Gtortww 2 . Lrtteua 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: First dMswn: Black- 

he^^SS 1 leagi» Ptwiwmj 

vtekjm sac Stowage a flofikto 

3; London ficjneyl SandfitoRW 1; 

Mount Grace Potters Bar 1. «tW8 to 
Crusaders 3; Rote Rome Engtote 7, 



' f* Bicester 8. Eynsham 0. Premier 
ttetow Hounatow 1. Abktgdon Town 1; 
Matoenheed 1. Pegesta Jtatiorai Mon* 
Motors a Moreton 0; &tyr>ers Lane 0. 

w. ■ k i ■ »■- a 4. r sMiaimB f 

& HSgtiwortti 1, KUtemon % Lamboum 
Sports 0. Dident 1 ; Viking Sports 2. 
Bishops Cleve£ 

final: Eton Manor 2. Bowers Unked 0. 
SemMaet Fktt tog: Comuhal 1. East 
Thurrock a League: Senior section: 
Burnham Ramtstars 3, Sawfirtogaworth 5: 
Camay Island 3, BrioMteoto 1; East 
Ham United 2. Whmnhoe 7- MaMon 4. 
Habtesd ft Stanstsd 0. Fort United 1; 


Brantham Ato 1. Hoton 2 Colchester 
Unitact 1. Lowestoft J: Ore* Yarmouth 2. 
Newmarket 1; Harwich And P 1 . Thetford 

2 : iteveriiA Ravers 0, Bury 3: Merch Town 

untted 2. Fefixstowa (h Sudbury 1. 
Stowmaiket 1 : Tbtree United 5. Chatteris 
0: 0¥ Oty 6, Qacton 1 ; Gorieston 1. 

H amflton 




Forfar Ath 

East Fite 



Ayr Untted 






315 7 3 
2713 7 7 
2913 7 9 
2612 6 8 
2610 6 8 
28 811 9 
30 9 912 
2410 410 
28 8 812 

25 8 710 
27 611 10 

26 7 910 
25 6 910 
24 5 712 

F A Pts 
54 26 37 

46 35 33 

47 39 33 
36 22 30 
33 31 28 
38 39 27 
41 50 27 
40 40 24 

29 45 24 
38 29 23 

30 39 23 
32 <3 23 
28 37 21 

31 44 17 

castitae Chafienge Trophy: Semi-final: 
Ctitheroe 0. Choriey 0. first dMeion: 
Bootle 2, Loytend Motors 1: Burscough 1. 
Gtossop ft. Fleetwood 0. Curzon Ashton 1; 
Irtam 2. Easnrood Hanley 0: NethertkM a 
Leek 3: RadcUito Boro 2. Pennth 0; Si 
Helens 0. Prescot Cables 2; Winston! 

United 3. Accrington Stanley 2: 
SWybridge Celtic 2. Formby 1. 

M division: KBngham 0. Chestw; Lb 

2: BiytivEwm" 5 3. 9o°*« *■ 
\ Whitby fc Consett 0. Tow Lew 


SemLfinteb Groat Shefiort 0. Sonam 

mier dMMew Baa WeybrWge 4. 
htetethem O; Chobhsm 0. Cobham 1: 

cove ft FvMgh Rovers 0: Cranleigh 1, 

GodaMng 3; Farniwm 6, Heel 0: Mnley 

Green l.AMr Untied 1: Hortey 3, totlw 


Penna 1; Klntbury Rangers 2. Eajtinghsn 

Sports 1. Hrst Mm* Ale Atomaman 

IjFYessed SieeM; QraactetoraHtote 

«.«. .... - Hortey 3, Harttay 

Winmey Z Mtedw vale a, weaftad ft 

VnSte wnr 1. Hertaay a 
IKwTH RIDING CUteQoariaNtaafe South 
Bank 3. Stockton ft 


Pramtor tSvWom Badtont 2. Toiwortti 2; 

Mton F And Sc 4. Frimon Rovere 1; 

MNTOW 1,Aaford4;Mon^pa ^DCrtsO. 
Chipstaad ft Pyrtbrt i, London Rnj 

Bri^de if SofUraWd' Hoapftsl 1. 
~ • n Uteted 0: Wtiey And Dist 4. 

Chessington ..... 
Worcester Park 1 



Havmit 1. Wisbech 


*• — “*! 


Brandon 3. - -- — 

(h FerryhB 5. Graham Synthona 2 : 
Harttopooi ft North 9tMds <: Ryhope i. 
Whitley Bay 0. 

Bishop Auckland 3. Peterlee 1; 
Spennymoor Umtad 2. Ooundon TT 1. 

Ttoriroiiad raptor Bteungdon 4, Welwyn 
Garden Criy 2. 

cop: Third round: Walton Abbey 2. 
Corinthian CteUNs 1 . SemrftoYBadlng 

ft Notthwood 1 Pwmtof dtotee 

BeacansMdUittrtO. Crown And Manor 

3; Brawsdown tows Z R«M« ft Danson 

2. Becfcton United ft Edgware l.Thatham 

1: Swantoy 2. Goto Row 3. Seteor 

dvWa« Cadort wanderers 2. Ulysses i. 

Harry Suoderiand ShtekL Wanteworti 1, 

Brent 1 ; Royal Amend 1 , North Graanfcaxl 

7; 8srfcmgaide 1, PenM Standard 1. 
pBetpotte dT awglort v Brpb Bamat 


mier dhrtskxr Bnsffii City 1, Saitoh 
United 4; Bristol Manor Farm 4. Sheptfiri 
Matet ij Ctevedon 4. Owd 0: DawSeh ft 
ManootsSald United ft Paulton Rortrs ft 

Btoafert T ! I Ptemoulh Argyte ft Mawhcad 

1: Tomnaton z. Frame T; Weston Super 
Mere 3. Tjarnon 1. First dhtokXK Bath 

city 1, Ponway Bristol 1: Oastantjcay 2. 

Keynstwm 1: Heavllree -United 2. 
Beck wen united 0: Lerkhafi Athletic 0, 

Wellington 0; Radstock 5. Smore 1: 

Tiverton i. Bfracombe ft Warmmster 0, 

YeovflA; wetton Rovers 2. Odd Down ft 

weatbuty Utetad 1 Swanage Town And 

Hpraaoi; Waymouth1.0ffi85?Stfctoy4; 

WortSoume 2. Devizes 0. League rape 

Q uart er- fiea fc Chippenham 1, UskMrt 

AtMetic 3. WDtshfee ShWifc Avon Brad- 

tord 1 . Cabw t (eeL Cabw wm 6ft on pen): 
Meksham 3. Trowbridge 0. 

LEAGUE: Premier division: AmpthiH ft 
Artesey f; Desborough t. Baldock ft 
Eynosbury I. Raunds 1: Long Buekby 2. 
Bracktey 0: Northamp t on Spencer 2, 
Stottoid 1: St Neots 0. Buckinartam 1; 
Stamford ft S And L Corby 4; Wotun 1. 
Newport Pagnel 1. Premier first dhrimem: 
KO Cup; Bourne 0, Burton Pw 0 (set): 
trtWIngboro 4. Rothwell 1: Towoesar ft 
Pottofi 3. First dhriston: Coganhoe ft 
Kampston 2; Fort Spons 3. Ohey 3; 
Higttem ft Timken Duston ft Ircheeter 2. 
M Biackstone 1; Sharbrook 1, Baker 
Parians ft Tstikan Athletic 1, St htefi 2; 
Thrapeton i , Wtetwonhs 0 

finafc L/ncobT4. Hotoeaoh Z 
Yaxley 0, Ramsey 2. 

Premier dhnston: Bentley VW 0. Sutton ft 
Bitty 3. Eastwood ft Heanor 1. 
Amtttarpe welfare 8; Long Eaton united 

5. Bridhw ton TrintyO. League cap: Third 

round: Mexbwwgh 1. Thaddey 2. 
League rap: Fourth round: Boston 1, 
FaratyCeftc ft Denaby United 1, Better 
2: Gusley ft Sheffield 3 (seft PoiBiract 
C ols 2. Il keston 1. 

Fourth round ieptey. Etetooume ft 

SU^X r£w CHARTTY CUP: SemLtevjt 
Staynmg Town ft Hateham 1. League 
Ch a llenge Cuk Second round: Three 
Bridges 4. mShits! And Easebogme ft 
FwTSvisioit Burgess Ha 2. Snorttiani 3: 
Horsham Ymca 1. Wtkteftawk ft 

Littieharrpton ft Rincmer 0. Second 
Second round: Hassocks 

division: Cup: 

ft Ling field 1 Second dMotoa: Com 

Second round replays East Grirtaaad ft 
Pagham 4; Skfey United 0. Haywards 
Heath 4. Second dmtta Bosham ft 
Newteven a Frarouands vriiase ft 
Stormgtori 2. Oakwood 0. Wck 5. Seisey 

1. Albion Unted ft Yfigmorc AtMebc 0. 

Ferrtng 1. 


I CUP: Fifth round: Fuftiafll 0. 
Manchester City 3. 

FA COUNTY YOUTH CUP: Fourth round: 
Oxfordshire 0. Hens ft 

expose Luton’s 
lack of resources 

By Clive White 

Luton Town ... 2 

Everton 2 

No ope could begrudge parti- 
san Luton supporters their 
protestations of more misfortune 
after their heart-breaking FA 
Cup semi-final defeat to Everton 
last season- But the troth is that 
Luton were not unlucky on 
Saturday nor did they fritter 
away their two-goal lead. 

They simply lost it to a 
distinctly superior team on the 
day ana probably on many 
others. Indeed, me might ask 
bow bad Luton been so fortunate 
to hold such BA advantage in the 
first place. 

For David Pleat Luton’s man- 
ager, (his sixth round tie seemed 
to contain a disappointment 
beyond that of Saturday's lost 
initiative and Wednesday’s 
likely elimination in the replay 
at Goodisoo Park, ft was the 
blunt reminder of his club's 
limitations and the leeway that 
exists between his team and the 
champions, even if that margin 
was exaggerated on Saturday by 
Luton's exhausted state after 
playing four matches in seven 

The real difference between 
the two sides was not to be found 
in the personnel of the respective 
first elevens but in that of the 
first reserves, ft was a sharp 
reminder to Pleat that strong 
resources are as important in 
cup competition as they are in 
the league. 

While Luton’s little Mark 
Stein struggled manfully to re- 
place his elder brother, Brian, 
Everton's Harper slotted into 
the vacancy left by the injured 
Ratcliffe with such composure 
that his manager referred to him 
afterwards as Fnuiz. And while 
Luton’s Marc North came on 
gamely for Kiwp . who staggered 
off after keaktag his nose for 
the fourth time in his career, 
Everton’s Heath came on de- 
cisively for Pointoo. 

Pleat knows that a dub like 
Luton could never afford to keep 
a player of Heath's ability 
content with just the occasional 
first team game as Everton can. 
Bar for 77 minutes Pleat and the 
rest of Luton tried to kid 
themselves that they could over- 
come such a disparity, and had ir 

not been for an uncharacteristic 

fumble by Foster they might 
have done so. 

Yet Luton were strangely at 
odds with themselves through- 
out Where against Arsenal in 
midweek the moves had flowed 
with a purpose, now they stut- 
tered with little concept other 
than putting the ball upon rbe 
head of Harford who was strug- 
gling to justify his Mexican 


Other would-be participants 
in that dream. Hill and Thomas, 
were also straggling with reality. 
Yet Lnton stole ahead through a 
Simple tap-in by Harford. And 
while we waited for an equalizer 
from the persistently menacing 
Lineker, Lnton broke op field for 
Stein to score after the imposing 
Southall had appeared to 
smother the danger. 

Kendall sent on Heatb and the 
very' act of substitution seemed 
to disturb the concentration of 
Luton who almost simulta- 
neously conceded a headed goal 
from Sharp. At that point the 
game was up for Lnton. 

Everton could hardly miss 
(heir prey, caged in their own 
half by ever-monoting pressure. 
Pleat likened Luton’s resistance 
to a boxer who hangs on without 
knowing how. Inevitably, Lnton 
dropped their guard, most cru- 
cially when Foster failed to 
control the ball and Heath 
jabbed it home. That seems to 
have set them op nicely for the 
knock-out on Wednesday. 

LUTON TOWN: L Seatoy; R Johnson. M 
Thomas, P Nicholas, S Foster. M 
Oonaghy. RlftM Stein, M Harford, A 
Mngfsub: M North), D Pieces. 

EVERTON: N SouthaA; G Stevens, N 
Pointon (sub: A Heath), A Harper. P Van 
den Hauwe. P Reid, T Steven, G Lineker, 
G Sharp, P BraceweB, K Rlchaidaon. 
Referee: K Hackett (Sheffield). 

Holders go 
out on 
last kick 

By Hugh Taylor 

27 years 

By George Chesterton 

Hibernian recovered all their 
renowned fighting spirit at 
Easier Road to beat Celtic, ibe 
Scottish Cup holders, by 4-3 and 
surge into the semi-finals. Few 
games in tbe Cup's long history 
have ended on such a high note 
of drama. Twice Celtic bad gone 
into the lead, through McClair 
and McGhee, but twice Hiber- 
nian. whose recent form has 
been the despair of their 
supporters, equalized with fine 
goals from Cowan and Chis- 

With six minutes remaining, 
excitement rose with three goals, 
including two penalties, being 
scored. The drama began with 
Cowan, who was to be the man 
of the match, putting Hibernian 
ahead for the first lime from a 
penally. Celtic replied with a 
penally of their own. McClair 
again the marksman. The cli- 
max was reached when, with 
seconds left, the two Hibernian 
substitutes combined to bring 
the winning goal, the result of a 
cross from Harris and a header 
by May. 

Tbe "Celtic blunders paled into 
insignificance beside the one 
committed by Geddes. the Dun- 
dee goalkeeper. His team, with 
17 minutes left of their absorb- 
ing quarter-final tie against 
Aberdeen, seemed on the point 
of registering a victory at Iasi 
over their northern rivals at 
Dens Park. 

They were leading 2-1. with 
goals from Harvey and Brown, 
when Geddes bent down to pick 
up a short back pass. With no 
danger looming, the goalkeeper 
took his eye off the ball and 
dropped it from bis hands. He 
bad not seen Simpson lurking 
behind him. The Aberdeen 
player pounced on the bail and 
crossed to allow Hewitt, who 
had scored earlier, to head into 
the empty net for the equalizer. 
•Scotland's football legislators 
are confident that proposals for 
a settlement with the League 
clubs threatening a breakaway 
will be accepted on Wednesday. 

Old Cholmeleians .......... 5 

Old Malvemians ..... 3 

Playing on the Highgaie 
School ground. Old 
Cholmeleians beat Old 
Malvemians after extra lime in 
a robust Arthur Dunn Cup 
semi-final of changing fortunes 
on Saturday to reach the final 
for the first time in 27 years. 

With the slope and wind in 
their favour. Cholmeleians put 
Malvern under pressure with 

positive constructive play, 
ikou doing 

Amstad and Kyriakou doing 
good work. It was against the 
run of play that Harris headed a 
high cross into the Highgate goaf 
with quarter of an hour gone. 
Ten minutes later Olivere equal- 
ized with a shot from 20 yards 
and after a similar interval and 
following a goalmouth scram- 
ble. Walton put Cholmeleians 
ahead. Olivere scored again 
from a half cleared free kick just 
before half-time. 

Hard though Malvemians 
pressed they could not penetrate 
a coof. well organized defence 
marshalled by S Savva until, 
with only 1 5 minutes left. 
Eastland who had come on at 
half-time scooped a shot home 
from ihe narrowest of angles. 
Then a superb cross from East- 
land gave Smith the chance to 
head past his namesake in the 
Highgate goal to take the match 
into extra lime. 

Shortly after the restart a 
handball rnfiringemenl enabled 
Collins to shoot Cholmeleians 
ahead from the penalty spot-By 
throwing everything into attack. 
Malvemians weme so exposed 
that S Savva was presented with 
an easy, fifth goal just before the 
final whistle. 

In the replayed quarter-final 
Old Carthusians beat Lancing 
Old Boys 1-0. the goal being 
scored seven minutes from time 
by Pennant. Tbe Carthusians 
now go through to play Old 
Brentwoods in the semi final. 

See England 
in Paris for 

[Pass ito. 

On Saturday. March 15th. you 
could be watching England v France 
at the Fhrcdes Princes stadium 

Well take a car and four people 
from Dover to Calais or Boulogne and back from 
just £42-50. (Add petrol and tickets and youH get 
away with around £25 each.) 

Alternatively, take the City Sprint coach 
from London to Baris for £37 return p.p. 

Or go by train with City Link for £47-50 
return Whichever you choose, well whisk you 
across the channel by hovercraft in 35 minutes 
and bring drinks and duty-free to vour seat 

For reservations or brochures see your 
travel agent, or call 01-554 7061. 

Half the time. TWice the stvle. 







■ws .may 
truthful - 
ind ‘ are 
prove a ai 
.’cording 1. 

graph is t 
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as Games 

By Pat Butcher, 

Athletics Correspondent 

(US). 7.69 Shot J Smdn (US) 18.97m. 
Polo varifc T jflttarson (US). Trtpte lump: 
D McFaoen lUS) i6.42m.»gti Jim** G 
Parsons (Sctj.gutotX2-23ni Long jump: D 
Jacnson (US). 7 79m. Match result USA 
53. Bnqlana 67 


Oxford helped 
by Monks’s 
change of role 

Women's hockey 
by Joyce Whitehead 


Cambridge Univ 

...... 0 

Oxford’s sound victory was a 
just reward for ihcir deiermina- 
lion in recovering from a torrid 
opening spell. For the fmt 10 
minutes it looked as if Cam- 
bridge might overrun them, but 
Oxford survived the onslaught, 
thanks mainly to a remarkable 
performance by their goal- 
keeper. Karen M oaks (Christ 

Oxford retaliated by breaking 
away to open the scoring 
through Karen Reynolds I Mer- 
ton). their captain. 3ided by 
Katharine Smdi man-Smith (St 
Hughs), who was a -constant 
thorn in Cambridge's side. De- 
spite sterling work in defence by 
Cambridge's Alison O'Neill and 
her St Catherine's colleague, 
Ann Mills. Oxford stuck to their 
guns and Penny Tact ers haw (S i 
Hughs) made rl 2-0. 

They stepped up the pace 
after the interval and enjoyed 
long- attacking spells, with 
Smalman-Smilh and 
Taitershaw adding to the tally. 
Cambridge, however, were not 
outplayed. Their work at pen- 
alty corners was impressive but 
3,1 l ^ e resulting shots were 
smothered by Monks 



Gaye Brief could join exclusive club 


By Phil McLennan 

England’s r n turn from the 
experiments c the indoor sea- 
son. which cl - irnated with the 
defeat b> ihe united States in 
the match spr »sored by Kodak 
ai Oosford or Saturday, to the 
inals of st. ction for the 
Commonwealth Games in 
Edinburgh in late July. 

For. distant ss that may seem, 
the 7Q potent. al team members 
must show them form by June 
22. when the selections will be 
made. Since the only major 
domestic fix ures before then 
ihai arc me UK closed 
championshr's in Cwmbran on 
May 25 and 26. the Lough- 
borough v AA A match, and then 
the AAA i hampionships at 
Crystal Palace on June 20 and 
21. excursions to the Continent 
or ihe United States for meet- 
ings may be necessary for ath- 
teies.such as Sebastian Coe. He 
is one athli e going abroad in 
the at tempi .o find form which 
needs to be maintained until 
2 l\er the European champion- 
ships in Su.‘«igan one month 
after Edinbi gh. 

Individu.v performances will 
always have more meaning that 
team’ resulis in athletics. And 
the defeat of a weak England 
team by a mediocre American 
team, judged by the elevated 
standard to which both coun- 
tries aspire, is as nothing com- 
pared to ihe emergence of 
Linford Christie as another 
potential world-class sprinter, 
the consolidation by Geoff Par- 
sons of a higher plateau of 
performance, and the ultimate 
justification of Coe’s serious 
move towards longer distances. 

Coe's reappearance and vic- 
tory at 3.000 metres has done 
immeasurable good not only for 
himself but for the sport in 
general. He has had setbacks 
before, but they have usually 
been excused by injury or 
illness. In Saturday's 3.000 me- 
tres. he not only stayed with the 
last kilometre burst from Lewis 
but strode to victory on the last 
lap past the athlete, who along 
with Billy Dee. had beaten him 
over the same distance in the 
AAA Championships five weeks 
before, it was an example to any 
young athlete of the value of 
progressive work towards long- 
term objectives, in Coe's case 
the 5.000 metres, as it is an 
illustration that defeat should 
not necessarily be a discourage- 

The latter is something that 
Lewis should realise too. He was 
bitterly disappointed by his 
defeat, but he should not be 
deterred. For if he can turn on 
that son of speed in the last 
kilometre of the world cross- 
country championships in two 
weeks' time, even the likes of 
Alberto Cova will be pressed to 
siay with him. 

Coe was still adamant after 
the race that his attempts to win 
medals at 5.000 metres must 
wan until the worid champion- 
ships in Rome in 1^87. He has 
been pre-selected for 800 metres 
in Stuttgart. But. as well as 
saying that he was against pre- 
selection. preferring to prove 
himself in trial races, he also 
said ihai the 1.500 metres was 
si ill his priority. 

Coc. who has clearly benefited 
from a recent training spell in 
Spain, could yet win his first 
major 800 metres title, and 
Stuttgart is the more likely place 
for it. since Cram and ihe 
Kenyans are the potential oppo- 
sition in Edinburgh. Christie, 
too. may be putting his eggs in 
the basket which is more likely 
to be trodden on. His indoor 
performances, especially the 
European gold medal, presage a 
200 metres time well under 21 
seconds, which, amazingly, he 
has yet to break. But he also 
confirmed on Saturday that the 
1 00 metres is his summer season 

Parsons's 2.23 metres would 
have been good enough for 
victory, had he not been 
competing as a guest since he 
has a. Scottish qualification. 
David Sharpe won the Man of 
the Match award. 

RESULTS:60 metres: T Jefferson 
(US).6.69sec.200nv L Chflsta tGBW .12. 
400m: C Daniel (US) *6-58 (UK aKamers 
reeordl.BOOm: J Marshal (US) 1:48.76 
1000 m: J Sharps (Engl 2mtn 20.36soc 
3000m: S Coe (E<N) 74A32. MUk R 
Hamson (Eng) 4:1637. 4 x 400m: En- 
gland. 3:07.3s. 60m hordca; M Stewart 

The recent historv of the 
Champion Hurdle is littered 
with multiple winners of the 
event. In the last 18 years, five 
horses have captured 
hurdling's most coveted prize 
mice- while Persian War com- 
pleted a notable treble in 1970. 

‘This suggests two things 
which may assist in finding 
the winner of tomorrow's 57* h 
running of the Champion 
Hurdle: that few of the many 
promising young hurdlers to 
emerge each season reach the 
very top flight: and that 
previous winners of the race 
merit the utmost respect. 

Bearing this in mind, it will 
come as no surprise if See You 
Then, the reigning champion, 
justifies his position at the 
head of the market. However, 
while his victories 1 2 months 
ago and in this season's Oteley 
Hurdle, were achieved with 
great authority, ftis overall 
record does not entitle him to 
be 5-4 on. That represents 
appalling value. 

The other Champion Hur- 
dle winner in the field is Gaye 
Brief, who was one of the most 
impressive recent scorers for 
Mercy RimelJ in 1983. He 
would have been a worthy 
favourite to retain his title the 
following season, but tom 
back ligaments 10 days before 
the race ruled him out and 
presented the prize to Dawn 

Gaye Brief has since slipped 
from grace, starting with a 
comprehensive defeat by 
Browne's Gazette in the 1984 
Bula Hurdle and culminating 
in a tame effort against seem- 
ingly inferior opponents at 
Liverpool last spring. This 
season, even in victory at 
Ascot, he has not shown his 

former brilliance and at nine, 
he has been written off by 
many, including the book- 
makers who offer an insulting- 
ly generous 20-1. 

However, those who believe 
that Gaye Brief is simply too 
old should remember that Sea 
Pigeon was L 1 when he won 
his second Champion and that 
Comedy Of Errors was eight 
when he collected his second 
title for Mrs Ritnell's late 
husband, Fred, in 1975. Inci- 
dentally. Comedy Of Errors is 
the only horse ever to regain 
the hurdling crown. 

Gaye Brief has not run since 
Boxing Day, but the long lay- 
off could well prove to his 
advantage. As with many 
horses who have a slightly 
suspect temperament, he is at 
his best when fresh and it is 
worth noting that be has won 
first lime out in each of his 
five seasons. 

Another factor in Gaye 
Briefs favour is the probable 
large field. When he won the 
1983 Champion, the field of 
1 7 was the largest for 14 years 
and Richard Linley was able 
io keep him covered up for 
most of the race and conserve 
his speed. With 28 declared at 
the four-day stage and most of 
them . probable runners, Peter 
Scudamore should be able to 
delay Gaye Briefs challenge 
until the last and then use his 
acceleration to telling effect 

Just as See You Then 

appears poor value for the 
Champion. I believe those at 
the head of the ante-post lists 
for the Gold Cup are under- 
priced. Dawn Run's inexperi- 
ence and change of rider seem 
likely to prove her undoing in 
such a demanding race and 
Forgive 'n* Forget the second 

Going: good to soft 

2.0 SLAPHOUSE NOVICE HURDLEf Div l£6S&2m) ( 18 runners) 

143 CARO’S GIFT (DXBF) (RA Crete TTtorou^ibred Ltd) N TnMar 

„ 5-11-8 NTrtdor 

10 L CASTAGNO (DUD Hodgson) 0 Hodgson ft-H-8 TGDgn 

031 RECORD HARVEST (D) (Li Col R Wartfery M H Easnrby 5-11-2 . JJCNeB 

AUBURN (Mrs L Karr) J K Okver 7-1 1-2 . 

* UOP-OOO ASH8BOER (W Wanon) D Motion 5-11-2 KTeetan 

5 0 DEEP AUBURN (Mrs L Karr) J K Over 7-11-2 J K Krona 

8 MP LAC1QAR (Mrs E Seagrave) J H Johnson 6-11-3 GBradtoy 

11 OOOOM PADOY HAYTON (Mrs B WardjS J Laadfcetter 5-11-2 — 

13 WOOD SARPAL(C Armstrong) W A Stephensrm 611-2 Mr M Thonomi (4) 

14 0000-0 SCOTTISH SMBBt (Mrs W Crawtorf) W H Cfwtart 6-11-2 N Doughty 

15 0000-00 FASWHflUrs A Rotwnson) DRctortwn 

M B 

7-1 0- 1 1 Mss A Robenson 0 
ID-11- Jayne Thompson (7) 


A Biown 

*-10-8 D Nolan 

W ASmger 

Wood h on 4-ioe — 

1 REamshow 

4-163. — 

9-* Record Harvest 10D30. Cara's GHl 9-2 H Caetapro. 6-1 Kobounws. 10-1 Faririn. 14-1 


2 2-HMP3 THEOJVJDEBlCJWlJAillianJMrsT Colder 8-11-8 TGttoi 

4 2033-PP SNOW BLESSED (C-O) (C Alexander) C J Alexander 9-10-5 — SCharflon 

5 0/FU911- SHItCY SON (Mrs A Brawn) W A SHptannn 8-104 RLamb 

6 4/3-4324 POLARS LADDIE (R Gokta) R H Gotta 13-10-2 B Storey 

8 3F4832 SLASHER (C-0) (Mrs G F«rt»m) G B Fakbam i2- 1WJ P Pam* (4) 

9 O0O33P OUR CtOl® (M McCaustendl M McCaustend flrs) 1M0-0 — 

10 6*21-01 SAMT-MM)(B) (T Cifeare) Mrs □ F Cuiham 12-10-0 R Eamshaw 

11 61001PLADY LAWYERfBXDXBF) (T BrocktanM J E Broettank 

0-10-0 a SM^er 

1 1-4 SMnay San. 3-1 SSsher. 4-1 The DMder. 1 1-2 Priara Lodrte. 8-1 Saint-Mwut 12-1 

Snow Blessed. 161 others 

Ayr selections 

2.0 RECORD HARVEST (nap). 2.30 The Divider. 3.0 
lmpccuniosity. 3.30 J-J Henry. 4.0 Calira. 4.30 Nema. 5.0 Ethels 

3.0 SLAPHOUSE NOVICE HURDLE ( Div 2:£685:2m) (13) 

2 OOP FLEECE LBteGfJ Hanfa) JSWfcan 6-11-2 CHawkte* 

3 000442 HARLEY (Miss J Eaton) Mss J Eaton B-1 1-2 PBany 

OP PAMWRWG (Mrs JBrnMank)JE»oeMw* 5-11-2.. 

7 SERGIADESfV Thompson) V TNarraKon 5-11-2 

8 3000-00 SPARTAN FLASHBACK (NJaWw) R F Rsher 7-11-2 N Doughty 

9 34-200U SUMMER STOP tG McGufcmess) P Mcrewth 5-11-2 D Noun 

0 ZIO PEPPINO (M Vettrano) T Crag 5-11-2 B Hay (7) 

it 040202 NPECUNlOSltY(D)|D Unite) JSVWson 4-11-0 S Chariton 

3 PP GOLD PBORT (W Young) WG Young 61611 B Stray 

6 2-PO MOLLY CAREW <A Oou^as) S J UsCtXKtW 6-10-11 JJCTtai 

9 0020 JBi£AR(FR)jGFarndon&ig Co Ltd) RDWooctlOUSa 4-103- ASWngar 

6 0 PoBahKflHMft CUyton) K Suna 4-103 _ A Brown 

2 DELL OF GOLD (D Hunta) M McCausiand (Ire) 4-103 JP Byrne 

5-2 Haney. 7-2 Zo PBppma 61 knpeanosay. 7-1 Jeflear. 6-1 DeBol Gold. 10-1 Simmer 

Stop. 12-1 others 

3.30 AYRSHIRE HUNTER CHASE (amateurs JE779: 3m 110yd) (9) 

2 200- COULTERS CANDY (DMcGarvajDMeGarwa 7-1 1-10 — 

4 2- J-J-HENHY (Mrs J Knowtost Mrs J Knowles 7-11-tO 

5 000023- LIGHT DEMON (BMtfv»Wteon)G Richards 611-10 JQum(7) 

7 2- Mfl-TON B»G(W Armour) W Armour 11-11-10 — 

8 400004- MR NASH (Mrs T DunjTD Du: 9-11-10 JMDun(7) 

9 00/309- PAIttGYRSriC Alexander) C Alexander 11-1 1-10 — 

12 000)00- CRffFBL MJST (Mrs K HoWsylC ParxerMl-S Mr L Hudson (7) 

14 OOPPPP UICAMMY(B)(W Reed) WG Reed 8-1 1-5 — 

15 34320/U- OUVB1 MESS (A Mactaggart) A H Maoaggan 

9-11-5D Madaggart (7) 

43 J-J-Hanry. 4-1 LigM Damon. 1 1-2 MMon Bng. 8-1 Nash. 14-1 others 

4.0 ROSEMOUNT HANDICAP HURDLE (£1^42:2m 41) (12) 

1 00110-0 JOHN NORTH (G Turner) W A Stephenson 6-11-10 RLamb 

2 000032 CAURA (D1 (Mrs J Benson) Miss M Benson 7-114_ MrTReed(4) 

3 lOO-POO TABRIZ GOLD (D) iMrs E HamRon) J H Johnson 7-10-12 G Bradley 

3 100-P0Q TABRIZ GOLD (O) [Mrs E 
* 120100 TOMMY GEtC-U) (Mrs J 

5 P-0P0F0 TEPYLONraiCHG HooW . 

6 0183-30 THORBElLaRCH (R Gray) R Gray 7-10-5 — 

7 230F00 SPECIAL SETTLEMENT (USA) fT Beaty) R A4an 5-10-4 JJONb* 

9 200002- ESCAPIST (Mrs JWaggotljN Waggon 7-103 R Eamshaw 

10 2-01 V0 QUAUTAIR FttMCX^tOuaMarEx^reamg Lid) 

K Stone 5-103 A Stnrmsr 

11 200101 MATEU0T (B SommervAe) M P Natxnon 4-100 (4to ex)— JOObvhs 

12 401-330 SUSANNA(B) (D) U Anoews) J Andrews 

8-100 Mas S Bractoume (7) 

13 RP030 ARIZONA DUST U Adam) T Crag 5-1 0-0 SCharftjn 

100-30 MaraioL 4-1 CaCra. S-i Tepylon. 132 ThcrtxN Arch. 10-1 %aoai SeOemert. 

Tonmy Ge, 12-1 Tabriz Gold. John North. 16-1 others 

LD (D) iMrs E Hantf®n) J H Johnson 7-10-12 GBraoey 

(C-O) (Mrs J MNart Mrs J Goodfaflow 7-10-9 B Storey 

XC) (G hooohan) P A Charaon 7-10-7 PAChartton 

200101 MATELDT 

4 JO E B F HOLLYBUSH NOVICE CHASE (£t^2t^m 110 yd) (8) 

1 012184 MSSRUB8MHtC-DKBF)(TBrocUanfc)J EBrocfcbank 

8-1 1-10 TG Dun 

2 P03/031 tBjl AtCHFL imt)RFRshar7-li-9 K Ryan (7) 

5 0824 BEAVmBOY (Hooert5on-Rot»rtson)G Richards 6-11-3. 

7 tod -P DAN ITOR (Mrs E Roesonj E H Ro&soa 8-11-3 Mr T Reed (4) 

9 00040F MARACASBAY(8)(MfsJ Waggon) NWaggoct 7-11-3 R Eamshaw 

10 P2W02 MRSPOr(RS«Ms)RSh«s#11-3 — 

12 0000-44 TAMSOfTS TIPPLE (D Roorsnson} D Robertson 10-11-3 — MrDRooartsM 

13 P00030 HOT EASY (Mrs A Page) W A Stepnerwm 6-10-12 RLamb 

9-4 Nema. 3-1 Mos Ruotwh. 4-1 Mr SpDL 61 Beawrboy, 10-1 Tamson's Tipple. 14-1 



1 0 AL8EHAJOYfMrsGDuniGDun8-1I-8 - Mr JM Dun (7) 

z BUSTED SPRMG rWaumg Engneers Lid) J S Wiser 5-11-8 A King (7) 

3 GEMS DELIGHT I PMcDarflJl Chariton 5-1 1-8 MrPD#nw$(4) 

5 HELLOVAHOOt£Y (Mrs A RoOerOonfJ K Otver 5-11-8 Mr JWaaon 

8 JIMSHE GOLD U Stoddan LROJSWHson 5-114 Mr E Turner 0 

10 OLD KING C0L£(D Dafwigl D W Daring 6-11-8 MrQ0ar*ig(7) 

11 PdBJLET GOLD (Mrs H Greenshteidsl M P NaudMon 5-1 1-8 JD Danes (7) 

12 0 PROFESSIONAL V^(P£.B. Racing Ltd) PA Chariton 


13 OUAUTY SQUARE (DSteeieiRFFdfter 5-11-8 Mr A Fowler 

15 FWE SATR (T GokM) T GoMn 6-11-3 — 

16 0 GRANGE HU.GnL(J Owen) JMJeHersonSII-3 — 

17 OVERTON IASS IW Young) WGYounfl 6-1 1-3 Mr K Anderson (7) 

IB SINGING HUS (Mrs D Mbs') RFFislier 511-3 „ KRym(7) 

19 TYCOON MOON U WBjon) J S VWkw 5-11-3 J McLaren (7) 

20 BORDER PEMLJiirsVSvrason) MBs l M BOO 4-1 1-0 — 

21 CRACK-A-JW (D Green) Mss Z A Green 4-1 1-0 — 

22 FREEHTTLO LAD tSeotUhFamiDafy Foods) JSWKon 

4-11-OXV A BorAxrfT) 

24 HASSLE MO«Y (Mrs B McWmey) R F Fishar 4-1 1-0 PAFarrelMl 

S LAST GRAIN (UghtDotft o< HamRon Lto) J $ wison 4-1 1-0 PNim{4) 

26 0 ONE TRACK MK) (Miss J Eaten) MosJ Eaton 

4-1 i-o Lfes lisa Eaton (7) 

30 TARMS1DE LAD rVfce A Gtf) C PaXer 4-1 M) 

31 THE DEMON BARBER (R CutJOajG RterBfdS 4-11-0 CDe«ma(7) 

THE DEMON BARBER (R CuooalG Rfcnstts 4-11-0 C Derma Q 

TRIAL PSHQD (USA) W H JormaonJJ H Jormaon 4-11-0 Mr M Thompson (7) 
En»h Course (U-CotDPaoiiO Mohan *-i 69 jO Gorman 

33 3 Enmto Cause (U-Co» D P*n| D MoHan *- 10-9 JOGorman 

11-4 BneH Come. 7-2 The Demon Harder. 4-1 Hassle Money. 6-1 H e to whootey. 61 
Busteo Spring. 12-1 Pendtey Odd. 20-1 otfwre 

Frank Berry, ihe former Irish Champion jockey, has been booked 
° ut Of The Gloom in tomorrow’s 
W.000 Waterford Crystal Champion Hurdle at CheUenham 

■v - W .’•’ r 

From Our Irish Racing CortcspewfcBt, DoMin^ 

Gaye Brief, the former tide holder, whose finishing speed could prove decisive in die large 
field for tomorrow’s Champion Hurdle 

favourite, won a sub-standard Champion Chase, despite not trained suggests he could be 

Gold Cup 12 months ago. 

Combs Ditch has twice 
failed in the Gold Cup. buL 
judged on this season's form 
atone, he is entitled to be 
favourite. The ease of his Still 
Fork Trucks Gold Cup win 
under 1 1st 91b in December 
was one of the joys of the 
season and improved his over- 
all good Cheltenham record. 

He was receiving only 21b 
from Forgive 'n’ Forget when 
beating turn by 7 x h lengths at 
Haydock in January and the 
fact that he has not raced since 
is likely to be in his favour as, 
like Gaye Brief, he is at his 
best when fresh. 

One of the freshest horses at 
the Festival will be Badsworth 
Boy. who goes for bis fourth 
successive Queen Mother 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Course specialists 

TRAN®® M H EntMtv. 28 winner* 
from tl2 runners. 25.0%: Q Richards, 49 
from 286. J7.JV w A S te p h en so n. 31 
horn 182. 17.0%. 

JOCKEYS; A Brown, 18 wmera from 76 
nd«. 23.7%; P A Charlton. 19 from 82, 
232%: R Lamb. 32 from 163, 190%. 


TRAINERS' W A Stephenson. 12 winners 
from 81 runners. 12.3V J Spearing. 6 
from 51. 11.8V O Brennan. 12 from IDS. 
1 1 4V_ 

JOCKEYS: R Hv«L 5 winners hum 27 
noes. 165%: M Brennan, IS hum 126. 

having run since completing 
the treble 12 months ago- He 
has never quite received the 
acclaim he deserves and I am 
hopeful that Monica Dickin- 
son can produce him fit 
enough to thwart the 
Bo bshn e-Buck House chal- 
lenge. Kathies Lad, a Chelten- 
ham and Liverpool winner 12 
months ago. appeals as an 
each-way alternative. 

With Martin Pipe’s horses 
bubbling, anything he runs at 
the Festival is worthy of the 
closest attention and Roark is 
my idea of the meeting's best 
bet in the Triumph Hurdle. 
The fact that Pipe has the 
Champion Hurdle second 
favourite. Corporal Ginger, in 
his yard and yet believes 
Roark is the best he has 

head and shoulders above his 

Tom Bill, another trainer 
for whom 1 have great regard, 
had a winner at both Chelten- 
ham and Aintree last year and 
his best chance at this year’s 
Festival appears to lie with 

Cross Master, already a Chel- 
tenham winner over fences, in 

tenham winner over fences, in 
the Sun Alliance Chase. 

Other less-fashionable 
trainers with realistic chances 
include Lynn Siddall with 
Shean Lad in the Waterford 
Crystal Supreme Novices' 
Hurdle and Chuck Spares, 
who runs Ibn Majed in the 
Sun Alliance Hurdle. 

Music Be Magic, unbeaten 
over fences, can retain that 
record in the Arkle Challenge. 

To » otrisHer the Irish 

preoccupation with the National 
Hunt Festival al Cheltenhaa 
might seem strange Indeed. AH 
through the winter months^ ytW 
ki the impression that psh 
owners add trainers hare only 
one thoffghi in Blind — to have a 
runner and, eren better, a wtaaer 
at the big meeting- This a flrfnde 
is rery much a post-War innova- 
tion and the old stages red 

yon that in the pre-War days. 

the Aintree Grand National 
ruled supreme in the hearts of 
Irish jumping enthusiasts. 

The credit for this trans- 
formation caa be divided op 
between three men. Charfie 
fingers, Tom Draper and Vfo- 
ceut O’Brien who burst upon the 
Cheltenham scene m the dosing 
years of the 1940s. • 

The Irish saga has by no 
nw-arx been confined to a hand- 
ful of big names, though, and 
over the past 40 years some of 
the most raptnriras receptions 
have been afforded to winners 
hailing from small staMes, snch 
as the Champion Hurdle vktoiy 
of the one-^ed Winning Fair 
from the two-horse stable of 
George Spencer. . 

Mach of the Cheltenham - 
atmosphere derives from the 
annual attendance of a highly 
par tisan crowd of Irish support- 
ers ready and wilting to cheer 
home even the rankest of out- 
siders- For Aer Liagns, this is 
one of the busiest operations of 

the entire year and Bi rmingham 
Airport wflj be packed to capac- 
ity with arrivals tonight (Mon) 
and departures that seem to go 
on all through Thursday evening 
and dose to dawn. 

)j<j year the Irish boaters in 
the main returned home poorer 
but wiser with only two winners 
for more than 40 reamers. The . 
total of challengers will be much 
the same thik week, bat after the 
easy win of Canute Express in 

the - toiaf* AW Hurdle g 
Chepstow on Sgtnzday,a cao$i£- 
cnMy enlarged aeovctinestoflM 
be in store for the vkitmv • 

With Bnzzuagh Hlfi Lad an 
absentee,' most: tf the. .Irish 
c ontingen t now befie ve th at the 
m i« t on a l herome. Dawn Bin, 
has tmhf to jump around to 
become (be first pet fe ioefinrthe 
hererv ef National Hint rating 
to add the Gold Cap te a 
prevTOos Champ ion, Hurdle tri- 
umph. She cntinacc » pteose 
connections and . John O'Neill 
shoold he in for * memorable 

It is also hard to get a way 
from an . Irish . ■ viriaij in 
tomorrow's opening eeriest, the 
Waterford .- Oystel Sapreme 
Novices* Hurdle. The key here 
appears to hate beenthe Pnrpdl 
Export Novice Hurdle at 
Thurfos- last month, in which 
Deep Idol bear off the lougMtfine 
leader. Shamamt Spray, and the 
short-priced favourite, 
KaocfceDy Castle, m . a 'fosHon 
that bad Cheltenham success 
written all over ft. .-. 

Bams jumped well on his 
first run over fences s the Arkle 
Cup at Leopardstown to.. be 
beaten only a head by the more 
experienced Passage. Creeper 
and the winner paid tribute to 
the form with an eight-length 
handicap success at Naas m 
S aturday. With dmt .advertise- 
aiesit I prefer Bartees to a.former 
champion bardie winner. For 
Auction, in the Arid* Cnp- 

The bish haadkapper goes 
an exaeBeri chance to Rsvuo m 
the Waterford Oyatal Stayers 
Hurdle, nr which this danqmtive 
but so gteejnrt will prtiSt 
from the 51b sex aflouuuKx. 

Another handhapper'stfo for 
the meeting is.Bebstiae. who has 
been asked to give 90s at home 
to Bock House wham he new 
meets on kre) . terms, ia 
Wednesday’s Champtoft Chase. 

be followed 


Going: good to Ann (chase 
course); firm (hurdles) 

2.15 EGMANTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £685: 2m) (14 runners) 

2 0-22304 AMADBfT Wtooo)TDBwnxi6-11-6 GHartar{4) 

5 P OOLDENBAVARDpMaa N CatdwaQT H CaMwaB 5-11-6 — 

Peter Easterby, the successful 
Yorkshire trainer, has already 
shown that be has been able to 
keep his team in trim during the 
freeze-up by sending out a 
couple of winners from his base 
near Mai ion since racing re- 

Today. Record Harvest, bis 
only runner, at Ayr. should be a 
third after the first division of 
the Slaphouse Novices’ Hurdle: 
While both Caro's Gift and 11 
Castagano have something to 
recommend them, 1 still much 
prefer Record Harvest whose 
overall form looks the more i 
solid and he is my nap. 

After finishing second at 1 
Wetherby in November to Dan 
The Millar, a useful horse 
trained by Monica Dickinson, 1 
who still rates an engagement in 
tomorrow’s Waterford Crystal 
Supreme Novices* Hurdle al 
Cheltenham. Record Harvest 
then returned to the same 
Yorkshire course the following 
month to beat Shean Lad by six 

In the meantime Shean Lad 
has given the form added 
credibility by winning the valu- , 
able Rossington Main Hurdle al 
Doncaster, where II Castagano 
who had been the medium of a 
successful gamble at Catterick 
only six days earlier, was among 
those who finished well adrift. 
In the circumstances Record 
Harvest looks a good bet to beat 
II Castagano now. 

Having finished a creditable 
second to the subsequent 
Sandown winner. Sonny One 
Shine, over today's course and 
distance in January Impecaaios- 
Hy should be bard to beat in the 
second division. 

If what Jenny Pitman says 
about The A Train, her impres- 
! sive ‘bumper* winner at War- 
wick at the beginning of 
February is correct. Ethels 
Course should open her account 
in the Grunwick Stakes NH Flat 
Race. A half sister to those 
useful jumpers. Plundering. 
Conquering and Golden Min- 
strel. Ethels Course shaped like 
a future winner on her debut 
when she finished third behind 
The A Train. who is regarded as 
something a bit special by his 

With three winners to his 
credit since the resumption, the 
other member of that remark- 
able Easterby family, Mick, has 
also signalled that his horses can 
be followed with confidence. So 
1 go for Skewsby to win the 
Ossington Handicap Chase al 
Southwell. In fact Easterby is 
clearly determined not to let the 
grass grow under this ones feet 
because he has already run 
Skews by twice since the freeze 
ended, initially at Catterick 
where he was pulled up and 
again at Market Rasen only two 
days later, where he was runner- 
up to The Last Prince. 

Finally. Tawny Spirit, an 
absentee’ at Catterick last 
Wednesday, because his trainer. 
Jimmy Fitzgerald, was unhappy 
about the state of the ground, is 
taken to make up for lost time 
and win the first division of the 
Egmanion Novices' Hurdle. 
Closely related on his dam’s side 
to Fair Kitty, still one of 
Fitzgerald's favourites. Tawny 
! Spirit ran well enough in his first 
! race over hurdles at Market 
Rasen, having won his bumper 
there, to suggest that he must be 

7 Fte HELLO HB81Y (MmMCorria) J L Harris 5-1 1-6 JAttan* 

8 OUBB/VF MGHLAMD LMEKtean Matter) R Champion 9-11-8 H Owner 

9 WO JACK'S LUCK U A g g n ai ) M H TompKaa 5-11-6 ?*** 

11 2300- MR OUICX (C Sandanorrj W Whanon 7-1 1-8 SJOTtoS 

12 D02-44P NOBLE BLADE flt tawtort) J Goaflrew 7-11-8 MCawwfl 

if 4.15 LANGFORD NOVICE CHASE (£1.300: 2m 74yd) (16) 

12 0Q2-44P NOBL E BUfoep te a* MS JGPMrav 7-11-8 MCaswefl 

16 D TAWNY 8PIBT (A tteiart JG RtzGwald 7-11-6 MDmyar 

18 0 DEEP SSIT «*■»»} <5 thomar 5-11-1 ACwn* 

19 ORI* JAY MTS PHMCESS (B) (Mn J Scmana) J Lowing 5-11-1 — AWebb 

24 000 SANONIAU Baikal) 8 EWferori 6-1 1-1 M Hammond 

28 OOQ RlNGMOREtHBousSokn J Pwka>4-10-12 MrAOrtmayF) 

29 P000 VESUVEjBn(JBanMMn)MraJPNman4.l612 M Pitman 

30 00 EXAYTEEtQ Tww) I P WstSa 4-10-7 — KTownand(7) 

5-2 Tawny Sprt. 7-2 Amria. 5-1 NotiaBlada. 8-1 DaapSart. 8-1 Mr Ouck. 12-1 Vaauva. 

Stapaa. 20-1 ocwv 

2 0-14F00 C!teIDtoUJCBim(JCrtriP*CliarttooB-1l-lO. 

4 0-001 OP MtSSTAUJtPEranslRWHartop 7-11-5 

7 FP/UPP0 DWnKTR&tWTr^R RdOXHOO 7-11-1 — 

10 MPB32 HARDY RANCH <G Dma) G MMoom 7-11-1- 

11 OOOWOa HOUJ THAT 7)G£B (C Patkm) S MlAr 7-11-1 

12 F-4000F MCAHDe8CE(HWWWWC«a» 7-11-1 

(A Wteoa}jL Harris 

17 10^ fepN^BRpirs Y tngtog 

19 0P4PPO THE COBALT IfCTpUnjABanCancwApcMM) MSS A King 7-11-1 PDMr 

20 FO04RF THE PROP HET (M ra S Gwamaat^J ft BoSby 9-11-1 

2J 000 OR VALLEY Jt^TICE (A Carwx) CCTriapna 61T-1 ASwpa 

22 343-000 CWSPANDKHNfflM«wM«)DJW*a»8-10-M) ' 6&TOf7J 

24 tetoPF IBZZC UZZI E(M h omy) J fl Bosin* fr10-10 -__^ MBoteyH) 

29 008-48 BHARro £XP01JENC£(RQo*«»a8)G B Balding 5-1 (X7 — 

11-4 S«Mig Moon. 7-2 Portia's Last. 9-2 Haw* Ram*. 6-r Hdd TMt Hgm, 61 
5pvarual6l NBssTaB. 12-1 Ctoudwakar. 16-1 cteara. • 


Southwell selections 

2.(5 Tawny Spirit. 2.45 Empire Sands. 3.15 Rugy. 3.45 End OfThe 
Road. 4.15 Swinging Moon. 4.45 Skews by. 5.15 Netherton Lad. 

4j 45 OSStNQTON HAMJICAP CHASE (£1,864: 3m 110yd) (13) 

2.45 KERSALL SELLING HURDLE (£950: 2m) (11) 

5 OQ-OOOP LOG CABW (C PMnt) W Qay 5-i 1-10 — 

9 F8 MMBLE LASS (M I I— fc H) G Thomar 5-11-5 

11 00 METBWBia&lWaurtt* 611-5 


- HDma 

- PDwar 

1 P/2-03P2 SKEWSV 



7 061330 KASML 

8 34PP4P KMGHTt 


12 006403 PRONUPflA«DE(PTaafcaManoa) 

DJWWta 5-11-5 DTsafcartslanoa 

13 004 RMBLE STAR (WWMMlWCWBtti 611-5 PAmytoge 

14 320143 HU3EBEaOOaH(GDtwa4 G M Moore 4-1613 M Hammond 

1« 300002B4P1RESAftoSWHo48yi BEVMnon 4-169 G Marker (4) 

It OOJACK M THE GDSN (T Evans) FJorttoH-iMfiHjiMt 

» N0O4UOSU.VB1 DUCAT (Q) (R Baker) B Wetunond 4-1 69 J Barlow 

1« 3M02EMPRE SANDS MHoasy) BEVtonon 4-169 G Harter (4) 

It OOJACK IN THE GfiSNfrErans) FJorttin4-i69RHjiMt 

22 NB04U0SILVBI DUCAT (fe(R Bator) BRWwwnd 4-169 JBriow 

26 3PITX TAKE A MELODY (IteaC Middart K A Morgan 4-1 0-« a WaOb 

27 MAS MARINER (fiiaroiJKA Morgan 4-164 S McNe* 

61 Bnpr* Sands. 7-2 Htoaadaaboo.61 PrarupOaBriila. 61 RUM Star. 61 Ktotto Lass. 

161 Matzfcy. 12-1 ri Taka A Matody. 161 others. 

7 061330 KASHU. (C-D) (Mr» B Taylor) S MeBor 6166_.r—_i_ &Oar1 MJorw5 

8 34PMP Wi6HrOFlivE(p ni BaMn ) BStoMWl1-lM. JH Oww 

9 3U12-33 TARIMKafr K>9) 0» SUmar) M M Skmnar 6160 PBanon 

. 11 2TPP f P PlffTTYU^roffMaaonltesC Oak 6160 .. . . .. — 

12 2P6244 BAtLYDONAtoTjudi E NogMD 0 ttNogen 15-764 UrLH «vey(7) 

18 0/F0320 BWOHlSHEJOafffT HW bW O B rwan 7-166 

16 0-0034F JYMARK>(B)BIMWiaBD JVBWa616Q — — teSWooteP) 

17 fi>S^3BaONtmt(TWHri) Mrs SOmnnport 6164 ASptpe 

18 944403 JOATUtosaaflRVYHartop 16160 BQm* 

19 36O0PP ALABAMA (C-O) (F Jacksor^ FS Jackson 616^) Mr R MOTTO 

2-1 SkMsby. 61 i tir KngM. 62 Kasha. 61 Urmtar Uatody, 61 8^ ShenW. 161 

Brenwyn. 12-1 JodL26t omara.- 

5.15 EGMANTtM NOVICE HURDLE (Div (k £685: 2m) (16) 

3.15 EBF FOSSE WAV HUNTER CHASE (£1316: 3m 110yd) (9) 

2 0/31411- PEACE CLASH (I Giaanal) W A Staphaoaon 612-2 Mr J Greens* <4 

3 331261 RUGY (RWanMRGWeom 1612-2 MrJWrattal(7 

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6 BR^BAIME Ms JGkiffithd Mrs JGrMWs 611-10 — MrJGrtttfetf) 

8 IP-3 GOLTW CA9NO(HF) (M Barthorpe) M Barthorpa 611-10 teSA«kms(4) 

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12 2604 OUTSDE CHANCE (BSto^BSwghr 3-1 1-10 DrGSwl g«(7) 

14 143- ROBSON (PteMnriBPGiaanal 611-10 MrPGremB 

15 02P/P3P- ROYAL DUSTglnPIHBMa) Mrs PTrtguM 12-11-10 MrCGa»y(7) 

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28 032160 BBOBUHYrr Brown) TB Brown 7-163 : 

31 42-2000 GAMV8JLE LAD O. Dlckkaon) R Robmson 6161 

36 OF-0401 CHALIOES PET (mtOWMiMDJVRnta 6168 

38 444-403 END OF THE ROAD (K PSrrst!) J PertM 6160 

40 4-00210 BEESON ORANGE <JWScax)F Jordsa 61M 



D Shaw 

Mr M Retards (7) 




161 S4verTamart9.l61 Uss 

indy. 261 ottara. 

— RByme(7) 
GChaias Jonas 

Queen Mother 
has treble 


A treble for the Queen Mother 
delighted a big crowd at 
Sandown Park on Saturday 
when raring resumed in the 
south for the first time since 
February 5. The Queen Mother. 
National Hunt racing's most 
respected and popular owner, 
came down to the saddling 
enclosure each time to welcome 
her winners and to talk to her 
trainers, Fulke Walwyn and Ian 

Urser earns place in Foxhunters’ 

By Brian Beel 

Her first winner was 
Monaveen at Fontwell in Octo- 
ber 1 949, and she recalled 
having a treble only once before 
- ai Lingfield about 25 years ago 
with The Rip, LafFy.ond Double 
Star. The Queen Mother, who 
will be 86 in August, was visibly 
delighted with her three win- 
ners. and said: "Its a great thrill. 
Horses never fail to surprise 
one. do they. 

The royal treble was started 
by Special Cargo, winner of the 
Horse and Hound Grand Mili- 
tary Gold Cup for the third year 

running. Then Insular ( 1 4- 1 j. on 
loan from the Queen’s Flat 

raring string, landed the moist 
valuable prize of the afternoon. 

valuable prize of the afternoon, 
the £15,000 added William Hill 
Imperial Cap. Finally, The 
Argonaut (7-2) became the 
Queen Mother’s 364th winner 
in all when landing the Dick 
McC retry Cup Past and Present 
Amateur Riders Chase. i 

Runners were plentiful at all 12 
point-to-points on Saturday. 
The unlucky 1 3th was the Sooth 
Down and E ridge where a thick 
mist kept the sun- at bay and 
prevented the frost coming out 
of the ground in time. 

Urser. impressive when win- 
ning at the Derwent with Nicky - 
Smith on board, will now take 
his chance in the Christies 
Foxhunters’ at Cheltenham on 
Thursday. At this ’meeting. 
Anthea Beaumont damaged her 
collar-bone in restraining the 
hard pulling Ray GilL so she is 
unlikely to be able to ride the 
well fancied J J Henry at Ayr 

In winning the ladies at the 
West Percy, Flying Ace showed 
he was none the worse for 
Wednesday's falL His arch rival. 
Foolish Hero, was able to take 
advantage of the two Northern 
meetings by avoiding him and 

going to the Cumberland Fann- 
ers to give Gillian Minto her 
second win on him in four days. 

In the two divided maiden 
races at the Dtmton Harriers, 
John Fanshawe, an assistant to ' 
Michael Stoute. put up a very 
polished performance when 
winning on Smoker and on 
Linda's Qub to give their 
trainer, Gil) Duffirid, her third 
winner from four starts. 

Libby Lees, whose stable was 
plagued by the virus Iasi season, 
showed at the Oakley that all 
her horses were in fine fettle 
with wins by Lakin and Corked 
and seconds by Martin eau and 
Mr Mellors. 

The Land Rover qualifier at 
the North Ledbury was won in 
impressive fashion by John 
Deutsch on Paddy's Peril and 
they will be going on to the 
Chepstow finaL As point-to- 
point enthusiasts swell ' the 
crowd at this course on Spring 
Bank Holiday Monday it seems 
particularly penny-pinching that 
the Chepstow executive have 

AVON VALEHMJtHffl Q« Barra Oponfc 
Harr Capran. LwflaK. Garry Doyto. Opaa 
SrGtosy Jaclro. Mart t Gama Law. tMi 
t fi&t Ot way. Raff fc stwng. Arte 
HttSjMn; Mdn It Cavakymui. 
U ,5£?¥!!L MBta Snacka. Ar* 
Highland Blaze. OpenT Tanker. Laffaff 
tomy DoOy. Opan ft: Fixed Pnca. (teat b 
awy »« * JtotWBflno. ROM Bt- 

dock Flash: Mrta fc Gaorge Mann. Mdn 
D: Sun Harbaw. 

BHOCKLESBY: Hut: GMnr. Arfc Yertt- 

stee Mariner. Laffas Wkctai. Open: 
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Aba Safer. Raff: .Bat* Bay. m3b t 
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tefo fcCMnsurft . Mdnfc Brave DescWfl. 
, Sa.) CTMN: H na | : O’or ^Ttw Border. 

CTOWy. Raff fc Bto Frarfc Bfe fc 
OrayOORL Mdn lb ThafWor. 

aBmarr. Adt «**xsc tad. Hune 
Sunday Schoot Open: uraer. ■ ritei 

Crajgw way. Raff 8; Big Frank. 
Dizzy Dora. Mdn tt The Pttter. 

Orz^ oora. Mdn fttiw mtnr. 

OBtWBfn Adt Makxte Lad Hunt 
Sunday StfiooL Open: Uraar. Leffea: 
Nffhaite Gram. Rate Renshaw Wood. 
Mdn t Tjpo. Mdn fc Mona's Sent 
DUNSTOn: Hunfc Naedwbod Nomad. 
A*Go«en Brijpttftar. Open: tfiver Sant 
i-adMK Oays Gom. Roe Dam Bsanz. 
ffdrt t Smoksr. Mdn R: Unda'a Ctob. 

ja- TOITpte H twt O'er ^The Border. 
*^. b ftmfleptafc Acg ft The wamenar. 
LerA— j: fey yiip. L ediea th Houentf s irB SS . 
^■wtockhorn. Reff t teacldey. Real Hr 
Mdn L .Martrataa. Mda 4fc 

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i^pZ :r ' ■ 

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it FP-QQFF PALATINATE fGHartoaelGC Hvkgan6teO_-. 

43 0P131-F AE5CUAMUSlC)B<teapMfltpaniM6l69. 

45 QM6200 SLAVE KING W (A Wyfe) J S V«*on 7-160_- 

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58 04FUF 0 ROYJU.REVB«2fJPfeBk)JJSca»an 7-160 — 

7-2 Rortey Lodge, 61 Pedytan. 62 anbury. 61 Gbaftas Pbl 61 Mersoo Ukte I 61 
... Ena Or 7ta«wL 761 Tun. 76> Sow* Jake, »6l corns 

** ' i. < 

^fr ; - 


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— H Dares 
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— RJBeggsn 




— JH Danes 

*n^*B rtf/.- *-■«- 

61 Carance»Hope.8-> Notation Led, 

• The Sandown stewards held an inquiry into the poor 
performance of Quickstep, favourite for the W illiam HID Imperial 
Cup. Paul Leach, the jockey, reported that the gelding was always 
struggling alter the first flight and was never jumping well. Pipe said 
he was most disappointed with Quickstep's performance and was 
unable to account for the poor running. The stewards accepted the 
explanations arid ordered the gelding to be routine dope tested. 


objected to the Duke . of 
Beaufort's application to re- 
arrange their once a year fixture 
for next Saturday, on the day of 
their March 2 meeting. 

Whilst this .unsporting gesture 
was made, no doubt, in the best 
interests of Chepstow race- 
course shareholders, it was the 
Jockey Club's decision, not 
theirs, which"" disallowed - ihe 
Beaufort application. Having set 
up the working party to report 
on the future of the sport, the 
Jockey Club have shown- Utile 
sympathy, on this occasion, to 
those who-are struggling for this 

nu» . 

Mate BertteflL DhI- Anl Umk 

* e . 

■ r v. '<•- _ 1 - ' " 

. •#> 

M OwWip Match. 

Oav™. Tm* 

■JgWft Ha* Prtnca rfTWxrt- 
5“^ Htofc Htewninwor, CacSsK Rying 
***■ 2 mpmv Boy. Ad| Mursthon 

»-*r. ■■ ■ 

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i). ia ran. 

420 1, Horn County (8-lt 2. Fort 
Rupwr (161t 31 Goodman Print (26JL 
Copse And Robbara (3-1 Fav).20raa 
4-56 1. rnw i mutart a (5-1 1 2. Pround 



Sandown Park 

1.15 1. Spaeta Cargo (Evens Fsv): 2. 
Pynw (33-1): 3Xa» Mom Extra (26lL 8 
ran. nr: Polo Boy. 

1.4S 1. Dnofar (I6t) Fayt 2. Dryflread 
(61 f. 3. AorrsraB Rular (61). 9 ran. 

2.15 1. You're WetaJow (7-1 1 2, Castle 
waroen (7-1): 3. Dtwr Latch (61 Jt-Fsv). 
Socks Down C61 Ji-Fa«l B ran. 

2.45 1 , heritor (14-1): 4hypnosis(1 Mi 
1 Peta Martin (14-1): 4. fnfindar 120-1). 

Oo Q4 Favji 3?®?y«0«w 
650 1, Cfctof Irenwto (7-2); Z Smart 
Reply (1 1-4 Fav); 3. teaunaon Brook (6 

4-56 1. rnmmidenT e (5-1): 2, Pround 
Sihk (261); 3. Snow Pawl (12-1). 
Dunanna (7-2 Fav)52 raa 




n V Htenajor 

uras ( 61 ); 3. coin 


2J0 1. Cndcafcmi (5-2 Favt Z 
y^»CH (161); a GOwa, H om£ (7. 

_ M T. Hfcto.oi«te (64 fm; ± 

n raoinrCborSi 

i15 i. Orbital 

1-30 1. flo6A-Jokrt . 
Bay (5-4 Fav). 3. Grit 
Goftwre. Me m be rao n. I 
2 JO 1. Canute Eon 
TetoirKter (261): £3* 

Timely Star. 

2M 1, Off* Mountain (4-1 Feu); 2. A 
Boy Named Souk (I6ih 3. Meerte (S-l). 
15 ran. nr Mr Mouse Fifty Bucks. 
Queensway Boy. 

18 1, yafa(76l): Z Stzm«odScy{26 

-ft 2, Northern 
J-2). 5 ran. im 
friend Oraka. 

• (64 Ftofc 2. 
( 61 ). 12 ran. nr. 

2.15 1. Oitidaf W nunouu i ia (SSt: 2. 

PnnC8 BuWyJZO- 
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ll . 

38 1, H«o Otody (64 Fff Z Young 
awpO-lfc 3. Soares (62t 9 ran.^ 1 

310 1. Potman (ii-ty 2 . Ferov" 
Forarar (61 1 Pet). 3. Duncombe Prince (6 



48 1. Ha'penny Nag (62): 

Arid Lang Syne (It 


inc ijuvjuc«b MUIMUAX MAKLtl iU 1V60 

Temporary Secretaries 

Ltj 1 1 m : i 

J ‘-^* v 

Tel: 225 0505 

2d hour answering service ■ 

r amount nmei 


This weft known Charity needs you to organise one of 
the* international seminars (this ana to be held in 
Tokyo). As a key member of their conference team 
you wM set vpana attend meetings, prepare agendas 
and Raise with delegates worldwide. Superb team at- 
mosphere. Stubs 90/55 + WP exp. 


Assisting the MD. of tMs we* known firm of confer- 
once and e x hib it i on organisers you eA not only 
arrange but attend the venues. Thera is Ms of cflent 
contact, so a Rveiy personafity is ess e nti al with your 
80/50 & WP SJdfli ^ - 

ptaaKWeptoaE 01-499 8870 

46 0W Boad Strati Undon W1. M 


To £14,000 


An oppor fr may for * ome «xm choBengc to tuts top Una 
' Oty Company. 

In MXttOoa to r ec rutun ent. toduettoo baHtfaa. manttorfag 
etc. of an WDBort staff, tnfttenve Is required tat taw area of 
M an ageme n t TMotno. You wm pnMHv be in taw aeo 
range 90/40 wff& cnofMenee and sate mat »«I> ncnonal 
ex p erienc e of taw pocretartm rote. 

01-370 5066 




Two Sente 1 Partners in Wert End Architectural 
Practice badly need a new Secretary. The )ob Is 
lively but cenMtcatwfc friendly bat. demanding: 
hard work but ftm. ff you think you*ve got the 
experience and enthusiasm, phone Mary Daw- 
son on 01-4S6 6090. or write with C.V.,to:- 


S/9 Bu fa rt roJe Place, M erl e ybone Lena, 
Lewhm WIN SFW. 


To join s hippin g/gas trading group, Wl. Experi- 
enced self-starter ■with basic secretarial skills plus 
stamina to enhance btainess. Age 25+ . Salary 
AA.E Please contact: 

01-493 4487/3492 


deM ay Wtafu e amom Rptt obmotp 4n BattcfSiS 
^ Omm Y^wStMmOimioiioui u>9 UK. Te 

mw tor namtae taw sates efllte. «epia water mterat. 
^SawartJS Faewtec . nrntetgy and ajeute 
r jb aavaeuwetL j uuanw tmmry and c mM i ti e n s. 

, m wnun «tti C.v. w 

SS7ftSSSLfird»fl iLtosea. 


' - NEW POND STJtEET TO £9.300 

etyenneed nf r* 1 ’^ ******' scuraiy. 

cenam ammag ef ectf dis rubw 

^sr£f2£SSsris:*' k,d ”' ,,4s “ 

Ffa»t wdte MtU c.* to 



i oi eea !«• 


U Gaen tGadeffc . 


3ta JamesSo«twC20i-24099n 

£9,500+ PERKS 

The creative Director of this well known 
organisation requires a highly motivated senior 
shorthand secretary with relevant experience to 
organise his day and provide a full administra- 
tive backup. 

For further information on the above position 
and a wide varity of senior opportunities, please 
call Julia Cray on 240 9911 (Recruitment 

l!-iii»r iV-1 

without LEGAL and 
Word Processing 
experience to join our 
friendly Temp Team! 
We wfll pay up to 

£6.80 per hr 

Plus Holiday Pay 
+ Bank Holiday Pay 
for the right person 
with the right skills! 

Lots of bookings In 
City + West End 
immediate Start! 
Calf us NOW for 
further information. 


Word Processor 

To work in prestigious merchant 
bank in the city. 

Excellent rates of pay, 
holiday entitlements, sickness 
end accident benefits. 

27g Throgmorton Street, 
London EC2N 2AN. 

©MANPOWER Tel: 588 3904 

Temporary Si»fl Speaalistt Jnwawwo»»«» 

Terrific Temping! 

Have you ever noticed the contrast? Among all t be ghnn 
feces going to work each morning there's always at least 
one happy soul just bursting with smiles and joiedevivn* 
You too could be a TJfork Shop temp. All it takes is sure 
skills, personality; flexibility; charm! Call today — well 
bring tiie smik back to your day Phone Sue Cooke, on 

RecroitnKnJ Consultants ■■■■■■■■■* 


International spirits company need a numerate secre- 
tary with 2 years smistital/saks experience to research 
and produce reports on WP. Shorthand required please 
‘ phone Alison Jones or Crispxan Thome- on 01-839 
483 X . • • - 

I Ask Alfred flasks. I. 

AT LEAST £10 . 1 
ABE 25 - 32 

If you have good 
sh/audio/WP skills 
you could be working 
for a senior partner of 
this chartered survey- 
ors. There’s every 
opportunity to devel- 
op your PA talent. 
Telephone Adrianne 
Mackintosh or Trudy 
Meagher on: 

01-439 1251 

115 New Band 
London Wl. 


To £12,500 
+ Mortgage 

The above language skills are 
needed hv one of Britain's 
tailing t'nv mnctarai bants 
and i Ik Sn 2 must he reall> 
fluent. Thcv are needed, all 
in one senior secretary who 
Kill use Ihe languages 10 li- 
aise with clients 100 /tti 
shun band typing m English 
•till also he needed. Tbe 
benefits gmcrallv associated 
with bankrap are Mil known 
and these will not dbippoim. 

174 New Bond St Wl 

L ,4V- 1 Secretaries 

T »• Q ilKWnrcCw«l:K> 

Oi-491 7 100 ^4 


SW3 Recepdonisi/Typist/Tctex Opetalor le qui rcd for small 
busy office. Age I9+- Satay £7JuQ. 

CHELSEA Interior De»m Company requires Secretary with 
fluail French and good saaettnal badcgnmnL Satey 
£) O00R 

VICTORIA r erao nn e J M aBM tr re c mi e * Sx>nlaadT)TMt for 
almiriaunt job. Age I9+. alary £8.000. 

'• c. £10,500 + Mortgage, Loans, etc. 

A position has Msen lor a PA/Sk wBh ■ Saoor Mnvv of a Itedatg 
Ansflcai Bart. Pie. meal cantatas ■« be sgad 27 to 35 wtfi 
eaeBem skfls nd I knovMga ot WP. ssserthe. convstent aid flood 
humond An«amaaA&taHtaataice.>inA»,M84|xitanMdMI]r 
uovefsam wth assisting a «anr IsvaL Ywr office irifl ha anctm 
an) modem. As sbnosptwra hwosss-HiB yet ftunSy adft office 
tactraotogy w/iffl to nose. 

For furttw oriMnsbou. pteas a tm- 

Pssta BfloQ 


01-437 9413 

coverage etc. in busy European Goieral 
Manager's office. This is a varid and interesting 
position offering attractive salary, free medical 
insura nce, LV.’s and the usual airline conces- 
sions. Please send full CV and recent p/p photo 
to: Asti. Gen. Mgr. Europe, Cathay Pacific Air- 
ways, 7 Apple Tree Yard, London SW1Y 6LD. 


123 Westminster Bridge Rri. London 8E1 7HB 

Tb» Maaaoaw Oawctor of 8itt uecosiUI 128c and ftutao CbohI- 
laocv maw mum ■ mwBor- * 

TtwanMteini Motafliaty ® recwtU wte proO^y heaps! Mimn 
2 fl »na «&■ will be Kbcam* w«i ■ 0 ""d hirlrcrwin i t tao w taSiii of 

■d m cp j nmi«itao iu t« di ori»otl— Ban ItQ/eo wmn ma 

wfll nave a oood warun hnowlrrtta 0# Ibe a»t Of * WwVTbI 

Wwar*i«*ateMianiiwriowarlrappnli i tidw»aaaiawKtea»a,a 
fuB tMDtMr ef mat tmn. 

mum DM w« mortty be awMag wry time m McwmiBMton. 
Salary ta — tun B unUtetar to br leal ten £9300 m. 
pwae apply to MraM Backwefl. A ibe ataoveaddros or 
iteplioiK her oa 01-926 8672. 


private secretary/ 


Required for busy Consultant Plastic Surgeon. 
Experience, personality and a good appearance 
are essential. Salary £9.000 -I- negotiable. 
Please write giving, lull details to: 

PuMto Carroll, Flat 2, 14 Qnm Auw 
Street, London W1M 9LD. 


• £15,000 pa 

Experienced FA required. Excellent skills. For 
owner of property company London Wl. 

Salary £15,000. pa + benefits. No other staff. 
Verypteasant offices. 

Candidate win be over 30 and under 45. She will 
recently have -earned not less than £12,500 pa. 
Phase- ideplK»e 435 1 164. 


What do you look for from temporary work? High 
rewards, certainly— but more besides? The question Is 
valid, because in today's market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
team: our clientele amongst the mast prestigious in 
London. With good skills, quite frankly you can make 
good money anywhere. But if you want the best, in 
everjr sense, then give me a call. Sara Dyson, on 01 -493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruitment Consultants) . 


American cay Bank reaufres exp. senior sec. with fluent 
French + Italian. Excellent English & sec skats (90/66) rac. 
for this responsible pate which Inctudea lots of admin, as well 
as extensive dealings with cttanis abroad. Age 26+ . Salary 
£ 10 . 000 . 


Mature, regsansible audio Secretary required to work for 
the Assistant to Vice President of weH known large Carp. 
Ability to worit on own initiative essential to deal with Jhe 
many varied dunesTKnowledge of computing and any Euro 
language la oaaM. ACC 37-57 SALARY: £9X00 + benefits. 


Elne hmsusche Ftrma audit etne zwe Up radhlge Sekretarm 
<25+7- Fur dtese atawectuu n gme l cfse ArOeft orwcfien Sle 
SchreStmascmnenketintnlsse (Audio} sowte Erfahnmg bn 
jurtsttochen Betelch. £9.000. 


MocMcn Sle als Verwattunsssekretartn In etoer 
Verkanfsatatenung arbeilen? Manditaienschreiben. 
perfektes Engllsch. Deutsch und Franzostsdi staid anoedtogt 
erfOrderlich. Alt er. 20 36. £neg. 

01-236 5501 

7 Lndgate Sq. EC4 (non-Fri 9JB4-38) EMP A6Y 


Versatile secretary with lors of initiative to work 
for a director and his dynamic team on this 
exclusive high quality magazine. Good personal- 
ity (sh/typ) for this exciting fun job. Early 20's 
c ££,500 SW1 


This well known company needs you to organise 
and attend conferences. So a flair for organising 
and the ability to type really well, plus admin 
support for this friendly boss who deals with 
Creme de la Creme clients. Lively personality 
(private ed pre£ A level standard) Early to mid 

Call Mrs Byzantine 
01-222 5091 


Personnel Coutultanls 


Why commute? The MD of A.CL. an international 
company with offices in Wolting, seekB a self assayed 
PA secretary. You will have a real opportunity to 
organise, use your in itiat i ve and administrative ability. 
Shorthand and typing skins wOl be of an excellent 
standard and your knowledge of word processing and a 
willingness to learn new technology will enable you to 
cope witb this busy, demanding and varied position. 
Please apply ta 

jm Davies, Manager, 

Se l ect Appointments Ltd, 

Premier Boose, Victoria Way, 

Woking, Surrey. 

Teb 04862 26701 

You can bank on 2 weeks 
holiday pay with 

Wf. lYs tntf. 1/ wflirJpiM wr tern anicr Irvri temporary secretaries nrt 
only will uOu recent £350 for Imv it Tries holiday and dhtounls on vorldinde » * ni a 

trjvd but in addition free banking and fimnaal advice ( hfr getting home loons lV13Col 3in 

from a bank who really understands ike praNem of temporary secretaries. r p ^ W ASH 

Vbu tan bank on fcwfrnr? after you. IQDpprSfi'y 

Contact Victoria Martin on 01 439 0601. SfifTfi TRli fiR 

3rd Floac Carrinpon House. 1M Resent Street. London WiR SFE. fEntrsnro in Regent PI. opposite Midland B jnkl. 


Excellent benefits including free travel discounts, staff 
res la u rem etc. 


To Ftnandd Controller 

To Personnel Controller 
to £8,500 


£ 8,000 

All positions require shorthand, audio and administra- 
tive skills. A knowledge or WP is desirable. 

Call Trudy Meagher or Adrianne Mackintosh 

01 493 1251 
115 New Bond Street - 
London Wl. 

C. £8,200 PA 

An extoteBt opportunity has amen fora secretary w«h at least 
2/3 yeart experience to tom The Ffaunoal Ttanet Hewta op er 
working for sue Regional Advcntamuent Director. 

Applicants should ne used to wcaiang under pressure end have 
a good educauonai background (at least ■O’ Lrvri Standard ■ 
pneterabte -A* tewt> including paares fat EngUih and Maths. 
Shorthand/typlng akUb of 100/60 wpm and a ge«a telephone 
manner are easenoal. together with w.p. ea mwimce . 

The work involved tai this busy advettasemenl department b 
tmeresting Hid varied, and includes dealing with enquiries. 
admtnWnmon. and setae computer work. 


Ktivpnflwhiliiv and people roman are mured wuhm Hus nun- 

mtuired. Ap.- 28+ 

TV MARKETING to £9500 

The cun mg world of ickvrsion a«aits a diplomatic, confident. 
l‘V Ainming! the MarLcnng Executive, liauc mih aditmsing 
agencies, nvurdmaic crrceninfracimiics and compose o»n corrc- 
sponderHV. Sppcds 80/ t>U requited. 


A ctu Ik-n eing sun fopr I he college leaver who docs noi want jusi 
iipmc-' Avkisimp i wo ddighUul managers, you can develop vour 
mn areas of responsibility, arranging meetings and dealing wtlb 
quenes. Skills S<l,'S0 required. 

Telephones 629 8863 





£9,000 + Beneifts 

Sabfc M a rttU n g Swvtcos Ltd. an nfWtete 
of Sauffi Basie imftiatrins Corpomttoo, ra- 
quirM ■ PA/Secnflary (35-35) with 
eaceflent secretarial skids, WP. good presentation, poise and 
Mtiatm. Petroctanssteaft ospenence an Bdtmntatao. Knowl- 
edge of Arabic deataablo. 

Please fimrard detailed CV frnrf telephone Nol to: 

SABIC Marketing Services Ltd 

Portland House, Stag Place 
London SW1E 5DA. Tel: (01) 828 6960 
(No agencies, please) 

£9,500+ PERKS 

The creative Director of this well known 
organisation requires a highly motivated senior 
shorthand secretary with relevant experience to 
organise his day and provide a full administra- 
tive backup. 

For further information on the above position 
and a wide varity of senior opportunities, please 
call Julia Gray on 240 9911 (Recruitment 




M ta ta 'U ■ L • j JK 1 1 

to wort, as pvt of Recaption tram a wr WinJour Swat premises. Satary 
negobable &&& 

Plean apply m writing enclosing CV and telephone lunber tar 

dhrette Hoar* 

SVC Tefevicioa 
Film Hobs* 

142 Wardoar Stnwt 
London W1V 3AU. 


Recruitment Consultancy, c £6,750 + profit 
share. Based by St Pauls Cathedral we 
specialise in Executive Search and Selection 
in tbe field of PR and the City. We need a 
well spoken, unflappable receptionist with 
typing to greet all our clients charmingly, 
answer our switchboard efficiently and help 
out with various administrative tasks. If 
you would like to replace Sue, who is being 

Please apply in writing enclosing a CV to: 
The Personnel Department, The Financial 
Times, Bracken House, 10 Gannon Street, 
London EC4P 4BY or Telephone 236-9758. 



Requires enthusiastic, efficient secretary 
with word processing experience to join 
small friendly City office of American law 
firm. Previous legal experience not neces- 
sary but must be non-smoker. Paid 
overtime. Salary negotiable. Please write 
to: Penny Mounsey, 58 Colman Street, 
London EC2R 5BE 

STARTING £I0»500 - £12,500 

American lawyer in City seeks bard working career 
mm rf pfl professional with top secretarial skills and the 
ability U) organise and maaage a small but rapidly grow- 
ing international practice. Candidates must be well 
groomed and well-spoken and bare good ‘O’ levels in 
Rngfah and Maths. 

A’ levels an advantage. Aptitude for office computer 
applications important. Knowledge of Wordstar helpful. 
Starting salary will depend on experience and qoalifica- 
tions. Bonus for superior performance. 

Apply in writing ta- 

. B. Tidier, 

52 CharringtoD Street, London, NW1. 


An occtBc n i career opportunity has arisen at UieFmendte 
Times Lot for an experienced Socretaiy/PA to work for. 
taw Chief Executive. Anotfcanta should be aged 24+ and 
must have first class seerwariai sldUa. Good organisational 
Ability, enthusiasm and buuattve are essential to cow with 
the demands of a busy timetable. An excellent salary is 
offered. Please apply wtah fun-details to: 

The Personnel Manager, 

The Financial Times, 

Bracken House, 

10 Cannon Street. 

London EC4P 4BY. 

(No Agencies] 


Recruitment Consultants 


Ni.i wi miuh a language /oh 
Ihuugh bn* or inioiuiHUul 
fOMacit: speflh. busincw- 

mindnl ,nung PA/Sctreiarj 
l» jel as cnnlHkniml secre- 
un in Managing Dirvcior 
anil also us pjn or a buss 
supffcin mm. Needs short- 
hand. «tud processing and 
Il-Il \ skills, fiius inic Iksihili- 
i> und plenty of slammer. 
NepiiuMe salars. 


■Sccreurs^ssisuni - W Stxn . [a ^ Mssraam ( ; 5 . W . 
,.ne r^iivc. hhghL hum k Iten[ lcn 

mrnded and prohahls „ ihnr ^ Frciicfl „ s 

mul U. tale i^-niim. to help ijh WIJJJ 3n(J f „ 

Prnduti Manapta- “ ih rus- Euw Markcung Dncev* 
and - io oncnIal(fd Lmpans. 

UeuucmU in 's^n. No Nonh ^ ^ onh3IHl 

s ^‘ hul good t>pmg and word 

22 Charing Cross Road, 

London WC2H OHR 


P^ySecTCUTs 124-.1D IO aunl 
Direcior. This is a »or1d 
uhcreclKni relations an: par- 
amounL and the /ah is for 
someone who uvuld enio, 
arranging inps and looking 
aiicr sisiiurs. Fasi English 
shonhand plus really reliable 
spoken and «nitcn Spanish 
are snaL W.SOOi 


01-836 3794/5 

DYNAMIC PA £9,000 

Superb opportunity for a lively PA within the world of 
Public Relations. Assist an Account Director with his 
many varied and interesting projects. You should be 
bright, well spoken and definitely have a sense of 
humour. Good audio some shorthand. 


We urgently need all types ol temporary secretaries to 
fifl the many varied bookings both long and short term. 

262 Regent Street, London Wl 
Please call 01 434 2402 immeefiatefy 


£ 10,000-12,000 e. 2Syrs 

The Vmnr lhmiitr of a btuochir Wl Com pan v m.-ck.s j «dl 
LiluidU'd PA whu iumhiiKs irwvlli .111 v-areurul skilK lUUAMil 
«.iih varnr muiitaiion and the capaniv for lull invulwmcnl. 
Much ill ihc mirk is highly conlidcniul. dealing in acauisiliuny 
and mergers and you util enjoy j siimubung sanely of dutK-s. 
Sabry ll«) iXXkl J.iHKI depending on age jnd espenence Euccllem 
Innge hcnefiis imiudc superb free rooftop ivsiauram. 



RECRUITMENT DWSULIANTS 21 &mip ! m Arcade, Knah ts tadg e SW 


A professional approach and a minimum of two years 
successful interviewing experience could earn you this 
exceptional opportunity to join a well established 

Candidates will have drive and ambition and have experi- 
ence of running a busy temporary team. 

Our existing portfolio, consisting of both commercial and 
legal clients, demand the highest standards in personal 
service and efficiency. 

This position otters an impressive salary package. Includ- 
ing the use of a company car on achieving satisfactory 

For a confidential chat, contact Canute Motion on 01-242 
0785 during bustawag bouts; or Mack Dtaithaw on 01-204 
5819 after 8 pm. 

'It's Neve York. 
They won't skpr 
the contract unti/ 
we teM them where 
we get our temps! 

A Tempting 

If you like the variety that 
tempting brings and have 
the secretarial skills (90/50 
wps) and experience to fit 
in with the highest ctient 
demands - we have the 
jobs for you. 

Come and talk to Karen 
Sherman or Claire Gray 
about the best temporary 
assignments in the city 
and West End. 

ident k 
nes may „ 

md' are 

prove a 

k scien- e ’ 

Ameri- ib 
in ' the I i 
ation of m 
device t 
jd pres- n 
nd skin ;n 
limners e ; 
detect a or 
of re- co 
d when ei 











ih a 

Wash- rot 
le pre- 1e 
te lie dIi 
evious 1 
/ice is 
mi as- 

hy a 
tie. set 

of Bond St. 

NoL55.lne u Au r to fa whluJ 

01-629 1204 



When I iv prnaurr n on jnd 
I IV rtiabofw* do vati 

rean atnrkly and raJmly ? Are 
VOU mqnlv mouvaioa yourvK 
vn uiMmlanlun <x praplr 
v-iln dMlprenl pnonlln ? Are 
van wfll rducMrd and ihwiv 
Ohiv nunirralo ' Could you 91 * 
amt soil a rarinv imirr 10 
clirnti wlw will require 
Irrmorary sMtiWM v 
V«. VR Vi^. ■ UtMl HXn 
our bnghc. muhiMuuic Inam as 
lomporann Consulldni and 
hour MrnmcB cavm Beat most 
01 uv iota on Ihn pw 

Stock Brokers 


£8.500 + bonus 
Excellent audio skiin 

combinod wilh "A" tevri 
cducahon win swure an 
involving and busy 
dosiIioii wiih thn leading 
firm of Qly stork broken. 
Thnir porKolio and 
stralrav l Pam are seeking a 
bftohr and numerate 2J-25 
jrar oki Free lunches plus 
suOsianiia] bonuses 

TO £8,500 

Thn to an opportunity lor 4 
twi^tn. vounq to win 

(tv nnliny world 41 faw 
(rlftiwM Vou will iuw<« a 
romddmi mfouow numvr 10 
deal wiin rivni qutws ond a 
nullin' aporoarh K> cow wiin 
Ihedroiandtol tour Z ttvrwmur 
1 mow Dosses Skills of 80 BO. 
•ome WP expenrnev and an 
milgMiiq wtsonaius 1 will hi- 
.Uilr (ou 10 rmoc tnur da\ and 
lake adsantagp of Hit wowh 
in ihis npanding industry Aw 


■ktea 01 -379 3515 




4 benefits 

£trnessi« ipw* i. i a 
i;ie Wfpp iwiinm Tiny 
rwitajV D3'i* ”nr ifiQ? 

iwrni iii inp.Tidiinns! He- 

•li!»“ ‘--S i Jdfls'ies.n 

*‘C 5tti«*:yi, r-wni 
F ,ff rrr* \j:c G' 1 :— j' iT-r 

f eru - Ai:t ".ivm: ,i»;cr ■’*«.■' 
Fiw •:> '.'I'l-'T -m-;. ICh'i 6J 

:r? r cr. 

Rir.i‘4 cd< ‘C '-der 

Rebecca Headley on 
01 ZB3 1555 

■I tai imm »ra uo aaarai 

Continued on page 29 

i n uau 


Fluent French 

Super po a PA is a 
professor wno lives a 
stones thro* from 
Hemingion Gardens. 
Prencn mn soma 
knowledge of Spanish ana 
e*cenerree ol simple 
bookkeeping required, also 
typing 60 wprr. Morrengs 

174 New Bond St, W1 

f nf 

" \ Secrete rieS;"' 


U.I 1 I provide vou with rrgu- 
Mr unuMUlU iniprpvlimj 
•ilia -4trnuLUina AssMnmrnls 
inrc-ughc-ul It* 1 Culrrtain- 
men Is jmt ComniuriiCAiioro 
lmlusli K-v •Film* TV. Mloir. 
Ariv.-rlisma. Theaire. Desiyu 
riii We are inundated with 
d huuli vdririv oi broking 
lor •wri'Mr its. Rcreplian 
p.i« w PO- Tvp<sis.eir C.ill 
him pi hdlcon Ol <St Q 3132 
l>< le-omr .1 Palluintfer*- 
T.-iiip toil'll loir ill! 



£10,036 -f parJw 

A well Known City Lloyds 
Broken need a mature 
21 J* snortnana Secretary 
with anted* of 100/00 * •O' 
level Mu:uion. lo work rsr 
an outgoing Pewonnel Con- 
troller The work comma of 

full tec n-laruJ /admin duties 

ot a torrfidenlial nature Kin 

Harm, Aetna Arris. 192, 
Bbtepwet*. CCS, 01*247 


Requires responsible 
depamr.ectal secre- 
lary with good 
shorthand, typing and 
administrative skills. 
Salary negotiable. 
01-491 7408 ext 49 


Go you law (jowl secretarial staffs, 
expaimcc yum wort pmcesang 
ecmpmeni and consider youreaff 
cweriul. Mtartatte and ressanp 
Then DJrasr apply for the attorn 
position m the office ot RPW 
Mbn. International Investment 
Crunraflot. Salary nspsotift. Tel 
01 629 8383 to arrange an 



Duires to include receiving 
veiiors and incoming calls. 
Good telephone manner 

TaL ft. IMpiw 
01-409 1190 

I No AgencMei 

BC1MH eo. ThLi Wl Co would 
like a ortthi twboiy tec to w* 
for a young downer. lot* o< op- 
portunity ta u»e your inuum-e 
Good ivcuiyj niety SH and ex 
celkni prwnuwm needed. 
A9 r «*+■ £7.500 neyr. True co 
UM has a vacancy tor a PA for 
itMir Marketing Director - you 
must enjoy admin and be caw- 
Mr of dealing wun dw-ntt. 
supBtim nr no SW. 4yr as* 
CP 000 Pleane Mcphone 
Andrea on Ol 639 7838 Bameo 

coniwn) has nm sin nmuta 
leave lo one ol iheir pa's w go 
M Australia. Would you like lo 
step into Mr Wm and took 
offer her pom while she M 
away? vou should he coufldsnl 
and competed* lo carry out a 
ruil pa roie suit* Mi no typing 
so £9.000 Phone OI-OS3 
I O-Vi Meredith Scon 


Ctscunvt PA Cl 1,000 very 
senior position with Manage- 
men I Consultant*. dealing wtth 

training and devwopmwu of 
settlor partners within the 
organisation. Mum relate w«u 
to people as Kits Is me hey to 
■MB position Excellent presen- 
tation and skins tael shorthand 
Phone Ot 683 I OJA Meredith 
Seen Recruitment 

OLD CO hosed W1 are looking 
(or a voting personable secre- 
tary lo work lor Iheir MD. Good 
sec skills are needed together 
with the acxlity (o deal wtth 
dienes press etc You will gel 
every opperlunicv lo use your 
Iniuauve College leaver or 2nd 
wooer. Salary £6.600 ntg. 
Please itfepnone Anton*. 
Barnelt Media 01-629 7838. 

opening with a property compa- 
ny for a well poised secret ar y 
who lives lo meet people, and 
handle a vartd work load 0 1 ad- 
ministration combined wun 

some secretarial dutie*. No 
shorthand £9.500* phone 01 - 
B83 1054 Meredith Scott 


P R. Ad Agency's Design Dept, 
needs Sec wun 5 H - scope f or 
Involve men I and I hi native Me- 
dia evp, d referred nut not 
essential Covem Garden Bu- 
reau. no Fleet 61.. EC4. 3S3 

KEMMNBTON Estate Agents seek 
brtotn young Sec. Audio Typtat 
to help run office. New chal- 
lenging too at salary around 
£8600 Other Iniemuno Ken- 
sington lobs also available. Ann 
Col tell Sec Apptm 01-229 
£058 221 6173 

mUP t H TV , sec id partner tn hts- 
lonc garden offices. Audio ■* 
WP iX training gtveni area 
£8.000. Ol 377 6433 VAgyl 
PR CO YVC2 needs WP whia- 
dlsPtaywmer bul tree cm 
training given £8-600* 01-377 
i 6433 tAgvi. 

AfivornsiM cbvsoo supera 
opening m roo cofdr ouoofy. en- 
eroeitc espertenced sec. s/h 
Lypina Jaygar careers tsioane 
soi ua. oi-7ao aide. 

wcn maMT 2Q-> for prestige 
r--g— — 'B.4MMM Group 

near Green Park. Meet and 
p raw VJPB and know Who's 
Who. Where A when. To 
£ 7 . 900 . A c curat e typing need- 
ed Covcnt Carden Bureau, no 
Fleet SL. EC4. 353 7696. 

Ctnteoe Md* Adapts rvQUire 
enthusiastic young person M 
win i hem ta aU asseett or this 
busy office, typing atomy and 
clean driving licence essential 
£7.005 plus, pmse tetenhooe 
01-351 7576 

HKTOmt ICC at comous poo- 
tisnere. Be mvetved with 

Fiction. Travel and NotvnctKwi 
Boom and then- top Authors. To 
£8.000 Covent Carden Bu- 
reau. HO Fleet SL- EC4. 3B3 

ncncM on non nenowr m 

bolh 'and moral al mu top Pub- 
lisher, seeathg an entnurtasdc 
Ediiorlal Sec wtUi S/h. TO 
£8.000 Coveot CKMen Bu- 
reau. 110 Fleet SL. EO*. 3S3 

HCECg nOM M T mWAUiti of 
charm A IkadDUty tor SUPER 
A nrdtoit phone nwuuwr ea- 
seniwi Lovely office*- Jaygar 
careen (Smae S0IU9- 01-730 


ocntal euRoxmr assist ant 

required. Busy pliM West 
End practice. 9*30 4 weeks 
holidays. Good pay and work- 
ing mvtrotWneivL Td: 01-936 
3343 for asprtnonenL 

TEUEPHONttT for tap Advertis- 
ing Agency. C7.000+ 
Marvelloui chance to crown 
your tmagel Sane MW use- 
ful covertCardeaBureau.HO 
Fleet SL. EC4. 353 7696. 

SECRETARY warned for May- 
fair property contufttutl 930- 
6 30 pm. Ring Mr Date 01-493 

OPPORTUNITY for rnttnultaUC 
I tint or to break into adverttsuiB 
Fast typing. CT.OOO. Jaygar Ca- 
reers iSMane S<U Ltd. 01-730 

person in KW3 co. good typfno 
3 professional maimer. Jaygar 
Career* iSUMne S9< Ltd . 01-730 

seariary tar the Company Sec- 
retary of a leading City firm. 
Admin secretarial role tar a 
rfiarmJog bob and WP framing 
provided. Brand new offices. 
£6.600 pa. Contact Joanne 
Gregory La Creme RecGouOI 
491 1868. 


no shorthand far nwnrtul 
H auuu e um l u i OH company. 
Working win one Secretary to 
provide foil back-up lo a young 
and lively team. £ 6*00 pa wfth 
Wp training and vaiuaMe bene- 
fit* Contact GUban ttwoofL La 
Creme Rec Cons. 01 491 1868. 

ctrr secre tart sfiAaoA 

An opoortunity to utilise your 
admimstrattve ana 

organisational sfcltb as the 
righi-hand to the young and 
charming company sec re ta r y ot 
Ihf, large and established trad- 
ing group. He travels regularly 
and needs e secretary cspoWe 
of effectively holding the tart In 

ht* absence, you win need in be 

cairn. itmUf and socially 
poised and euoy meetup ah 
type* of people. tndtMlng VIP's, 
too 60 Stans neede d . Age 28*. 
Please t ele phone Ol 240 3B61 
■ CKy< or 01-240 3531/3611 
(West End}, Elizabeth Hunt Re- 
cruitment Consultants. 

RECEPT njm for VIP stale. 
USA co in Wi. Hair 
Recruitment 409 1319. 


W.P Operators, .SbooteP^ SecnAnn^. Audw 
Secretaries, and Copy T>p»ts- . ..‘f. -T* 

Wc need temporary help now; to keep, pace wwh 
the demands of I9SG 

You can find your ideal permanent fib and he 
paid while looking. - 

To hear our competitive rales, catt 



Earn excellent rates 
as part of your busy 
young temp, team 
and work for a variety 
of interesting clients 
throughout London. 
You may wen find 
your ideal permanent 
job and be paid while 
looking! Skills 80/100 
SH. or autfo 50+ typ. 
Age 19-25. Please 

437 4187/89 



t ta nuntad a. the Hrrtlon of two d i- 
rectors to ig>rs»rnf n*r Security 
H olde re of »h« Om upa ny unm m» 
next Annual Osutrol Mroti aa m 

the Ooraponir. na appomBnaM of 

the auditor of the Company: and 
tar the trsnsocttao of such other 
business as may property cnar 

before Dm meattug. ' 

ILL. PwtrtdBC 

Montreal. Ouebec. IWim r 
21. 1986 


US VIM' MATTERS. Edward 4 
Oudaon. US lawyer. - 17 
MkMft SL. L og do n Wt Ol 
obA 0813.. 







ApplicaUon5 are Invtied for this maior post, ihe holder of which Is responsible 
lo Uie Principal of Ihe College for the work of Ihe Centre. The Scottish Centre 
is one of the maior units for education overseas (n the United Kingdom. It is 
long established with specialists in such fields as English language leaching 
and educational management as applied to dev el oping countries- It offers an 
exlensivo range of courses including a number at Degree and Master's level 
which are validated by CNAA. Candidates must be university graduates with 
relevant academic Teaching qualifications recognised in Uie United Kingdom: 
teaching ‘management experience bolh in the United Kingdom: and abroad Is 
also essential. Salary - £20.343 per annum. 

Further particulars and form of application may be obtained from The 
Secretary. Moray College or Education. Holyrood Road. Edinburgh EH8 
8AQ. The closing date for receipt of completed applications is Friday. 4th 
April 1986. 




The Governors invite applications for 
this post front suitably qualified teachers 
with experience of senool administration at 
a senior level, either in Scotland or 
elsewhere in the United Kingdom. 

Hutchesons' Grammar School founded 
in 1641 is an independent co-educatk>nal 
school with a roll of around 1,600 pupils 
(Primary and Secondary). The previous 
Rector was a member of the Headmasters’ 
Conference. The Rector should possess 
imagination and the leadership skills 
required to build upon welHaid educational 

themselves to the provision of the resources 
required for the development of the schooL 
ft is hoped that the successful applicant 
will be able to take up the post at the 
beginning of the 1986-87 session. 

The salarywill be negotiable and will not 
be less than £25,000 p.a. 

DetaBs of the post and method of 
application may be obtained from 
Mr Robertson Lorimer, Secretary, 
Hutchesons’ Educational Trust JG 
44 Kfngarfii Street 
Glasgow G42 7RH. 

Tel: 041-423 7435 n i fl &F 

Closing date for apoficatkins: 'WfaSali 

k 4th Apt# 1386. 


For September I9$6 


An enihiaiastic and experienced graduate required due io pro- 
motion. Experience nf Nuffield sjllabmes and a willingness U 
asset with extra curricular ami vines an advantage. Fritted salary 
scale. *ccomnwdaiion arailabk- 

Further details maybe obtained Irani, and applications together 
with a full curriculum viue and We names and addresses of two 
rc fcrm should hr sen) in, the Headmaster, firmed School. 
Dunmm. Esse* CM6 3LL 



Cran brook, Kent 
090 pels 117-18) 
Reoured SepftmtWf 1966 

1 K Wmrsty (gadiatB to jam a 
department of « a shore Bn 
teadwifl al MATHEMATICS 
tnrowiibui me school u Ikmr- 
sayBitranra towLfScaie 1 or 2) 

2 VtaareNmUngtoaooodhon- 
oursfflafcaw at jmn Benendsrr's 
HISTORY depetnwnL The 
emphasis mil be on teaching for 
6C5E and Advanced level and a 
special interest m 16th century 
Engtah homy would be an ad- 
vantage. (Scale 1 or 2) 

1 Agofceanons are Irmred horn 
UN Quateiad teachers of 
teach youp end nfivteual les- 
sons. prepare purtis lor 
emwafiiins. asm productions 
and ta*» part art Horn acOvmes. 
Tbs is a Sole 1 post ideally 
stuatte tor i young readw who 
would enroy wreinng m a buoy. 
enDusBsuc department. 

These oosts are norwesetenL bul 
school accommodation b 

A UN residential Hoose- 
tuttrUHp eotW be imad to these 
bosoms Aoriy n wntsrg with 
names, addresses and tetmiKm 
number- el 3 retmes. to the 
headmistress. Mis GJlon 


Ohbmw Vinan 

KMC indneiuMii 
senool tar 340 

puptfs -2 l-l a years! 

The CoMW Seela 


The man or woman apprtnl 
ea win have reec 
onnumwatne and flnenctal 
evpenene# win ■ Mod cse- 
oree ot mbotalHiny. Bt- 
Unouai French and Enoutt u 
a neemuU'. aiher wmnanee 
am oun Ttw ms becomes 
vacant in Aupuit 1906 Sala- 
ry in ihe region of 136-000 
per aitnwn. suhleci » 

Further infomunoo avail 
ante from Tire Quinnon or 
the Governors. Alston Col- 

leoe. c o Huemanov 

Offltr. F«w» College. 
Carnnoicn Road, edtaburgn 
EH4 tQY 

CM6 3LL 

Required for 
September 1986 
An enthusiastic 
graduate to teach 


This is an additional post 
in expanding and flour- 
ishing Departments. 
Ability to assist with ex- 
tra curricular activities 
an advantage- Feisted 
salary scale. Accommo- 
dation available. 
Application with full 
GV. and names and ad- 
dresses of two referees to 
The Headmaster, Sum 
whom further details 
may be obtained. 


QuOOTtunlty gor young per- 
son to work wUi children In 
fnrercMSng b oar di n g school. 
IMiil ar*r. cawing end 
education experience. St 
Chrtttoptwr SchooL 


mow FOR HTMJ)Mt2 

King Street London W6 9LR 
(FtflependenL HMC, 
1000 boys) 

Graduate aiatf ore required tar 

Sepfem&er 1906 to teach the 

fotowirg subjects - 




Satane* Bumham on a scats 
aapraonal* to expengnea. Dhis 
London Aflowance 
Smgla oe co mmodahon mig ht 
be available eunrig ierm time. 
Appbcanons. together with lul 
cumcuksn vitee pnd the 
names o I two retarea to 
The Headmaster. 
Latymer upper Senool. 
King Strew. London WG BLR. 

I A-PS eo-rt. MtrtM and 
day. 280 m tki r en. ttaamred tar 
Sep*emocr a young oualUlgd 
teacher ol lot In la PuuHr 

School achotanMp hmrt. An 
otnuty io osoM wtm gomes on 
pdvaniaKW Aprty Ui wrKtog 
wim cv to the Heodmaotwr. 
Fore mart* HrtL Annan. Derby 


Army sponsorship 
for undergraduates. 

AppUcations for the September 1986 intake 
dose on April 30th 1986. 

The Army runs two forms of sponsorship 
for first degree students at university 
polytechnic or college of higher education. 

The schemes are called Cadetship and 
Bursaries. Successful applicants for a 
Cadetship get a probationary commission and 
their tuition, plus at least 5,059 pA A Bursary 
amounts to £900 a year; is tax free and 
additional to any education authority grant • 

Write to Major John Floyd, Army Officer 
Entry, Department 6F03, Empress State 
Building, Lillie Road, London SW6 1TR. 

Tell him your date of birth, school and 
academic qualifications and we will clarify and 
expand on what we have to offer: 



How the Army can hdp further your offsprings 
education. And their careers. 





SI Joseph's Hall, 

Junction Road. , 

Tel 0865 711829 f RecognlMd by BAC 

The Army's Scholarships 
now carry a tax-free gram of 
a year. 

Thev're given lohelpboys 
and girls of the highest 
quality both academically 
and in character to gel their 
*A' levels (Higher Grades in 
Scotland! and qualify for a 
Regular Commission. 

They work like this. Pro- 
vided vour son or daughter 
expects lo obLain ihe 
necessary 'O’ levels of high 
grades, ihey can apply for a 
scholarship of up u> -1X^*0- 
Each term.vbe Mill contribute, 
without exception, X250 
towards the cost of keeping 
them al school for 'A* level 

OnreW levels have been 
achieved, your son or 
daughter are then given an 
automatic place at Sandhurst 

IN 1986? 

(the first step to a career as a . 
Regular Commissioned 
Officer). Or, if they can geta 
place on a degree course 
they can compete for an 
Army Undergraduate Award. 

Selection for a Scholar- 
ship is by competition. Boys 
bora between January 1st 
and July 1st WTO and girls 
over |i* and under 17 on 
July 1st lUWi are eligible lo . 

Applications must be in 
by June 1st lHHti. Interviews 
will beheld in October 

Write for details to: Major 
John Floyd Army Officer - 
Entry, Department fiF12, 
Empress State Building. 
Lillie Road London SW<i 
ITR, and tell him your 
offspring’s date of birth and 
name of schooL 

D'OVERBROECK’S »t Lincoln 
CoflBoa Oxford 



Laboratory Scientific 

Reoutrad unta end or Feb- 
ruary 1968 on a CRC grant 
to work on the molecular 
tootogy ot Human 
PanflJomavinjsea. EQcrV 
ence of DMA dan&m or 
protem ch e mis t ry or Bvcte- 
rial Qenettcs an advantage. 
Salary on WhWe Cooed 
Scale. For timber Maos 
contact Or OJ McCone* cm 
Ol 407 7600 exm 3649 

AnoUcabowr fflvtng fun CV 
and names of two referees 
to the Staffing Offloe. Unti- 
ed Medical and Denial 
Schools, st, Thomas?* 
Campus, London SEI 7EH- 
Quottng Ref: G/MKf/154 


/or deafle Rw Registrar, 


591B1 Koskigtcin H|gb Sdml 
London VK SSL 
Td: 01-937 3858ft 

bowha— 6 wk.nta an*e.C 20 gi 

vuuol Art* Course Mom. 3801 
April. Andy Principal 01-564 

SHORT wrnoffl Typewrit ing 
Individual nntton/BOMO dev el - 
apmenL Etartrlc. e w vu e rt c. 4 
wie* fufl-tane day. OiBbinLrt 
Agril7/M4y6.T«- ItnPMMH 
oi«29 3904. rn* umatam 
CCMK IB- Dunraven (L 
Paratad* London WI. 

UUMHAM Secretarial CoHogc. 
LB mnraven Sven. Park Lane. 
London WiYHFt Please wrnc 
or lelepbam tot pnaptOm. 
Tel: 01-629 2904. 

THE QUECm Secretarial CtK- 
legr One-term accretartol *HU* 
and iwlMM dtetofna ewnges 
commence is April- Write or 
Mepnone 22 34 Quew u bwry 
Place. London SW7 tux, oi- 
589 5353. 



jar tfeaHtThe Ragtear, 


5a®1 KMioBtooh^l StnM, 
■ London V65ECL 
Telr 01-937 3858 ft 

Westminster Cathedral 
Choir School 

FSJfrnSi; 60 ^ Boy*' M Chorisaw.) 

ronn Teacher required In September tor receL- 

ssnssiisssr* T' * 

* 1 ™*!**°* «Pe1«iee and skin. Pteto 
wrtleltor details before sending fuH application 

WestmhBter Cathedral 
&V1P Ambrosd « n Avenue.: London. 

A tan-Uftie 12 week non-no- 
ktensal course. £26 p.w. 
(uwu (EEC (undetU. Cornpul- 
too. Accountancy. Law. 
Starts 14th April. Tony 
SBunden-Oavta. Bta hn wnd 
Adult College. CHWen M. 

Twickenham TW1 dLT. 
TEL: 01-891 8907. 


interviews and Mats 6e 
rondnetad tn Mareii. Sabstan- 
uat financial j uanc c ottered 
tar pramrang ttudena. Ctaetng 
our zm March. 1996- 
Dvtaiis iron, toe PrtrtCBBL 
OuK Miser. 59 QMM Otoe. 
London SWT AAV. Tel.- Oi- 
225 0577 

Member of Ctfe 

Oxlord 0X4 2UJ. 
Tti 0865 711829 


Rrbb CHlogg. Undoo 
. Begtonm. O and a Lewd 
1-8 April £29 
Ac com m odation writable 

Aaafe-JUBUlaa Sodeqr 
46Qoeea Anne’s Gate 

Tefc 61-222 0366 


Uttwdown* Tutor* I* offering 
20 AM*ttd Piaoea worn up 
to £ 2.000 eaCb ai in 1 yew 
and Z i rear 'A* lew tound 
eonanaKtaa ism Semrabar. 
1986 ■ 

CeildlllRk* whMng to becaa. 
ttdered mould anrty ta> am 
Mandi to Tire Prtnstprt. 
LanMOwne Tatar*. 7/9 Pd- 
as Gate. London wt BLS 
Tet Ol-sOi 3507 

MetrtMT Ot Cx£* 


Chooea Irom too mo*i 
“"vawtojiirerenptoi cowm 
vnto ihg hghon mtarnausnreiy 

accapigc standard 
Fun tune ana Parr tHntfEwenmg 

ooutsoo commencing Aorg. . 

t - otTas °9"<l«nce C o w aea. ' 





to your own burtnete. 
Free Information from 
WEL Deni TT 4a 

Ktoghis OuHoDers Ed- 
Green Loodon 
N9-OTP -.' 


Continued froer page 27 

to EltWHXJ 
enfey worWng tom one 
of the beautiful homes of 
a .highly .successful 
American couple 
varied business interests 
including antiques, in 
your own office in Bet- 


be appreciated assisting 
them and the* charming 
PA white evolving your 
own rote, ’A" levels, int in 
antiques helpful plus 2 


437 4187/89 


£10,000 a a.e. 
SEC AGE 22-26 

City Mnrtnnl Bank Si re- 
(TuiUnfl a young, sfctep. 
nueuwni Secretary (or 
(heir . rtumurfionaf Area 
dealing mainly wild New 
York and the Far Cast. As 
Secretary to 2 Senior Ex 
mithm you need skills 
too. 66 and preferably 
WP experience. Benefits: 
Bank - mortgage. Profit 
Share. Lvs etc. 

430 1551/2653 

£ 10 - 11,000 

Top secretary rewired 
to work for Director' of 
International Co. Must 
have discretion when 
handling confidential 
documents, together 
with an understanding 
of figures, good skflls 
and knowledge of WP. 


£ 7,500 _ 

Secretary no - short- 
hand reQuUYd : w 
prestigious West End 
company. Assist with 

coirespondance and 
personnel records. 
Good speaking voice, 
and smart appearance 
necessary, wbi . team 
oh ‘ WP. . Generous 
product discount. 

22 South Mottoa St Wt 
(Bac CMt) 



Urgently reguwa tor 
young MayOUr surveyors. 
Most hive Wordcratt and 
Wordstar aw settaace and 
be used 10 working under 
pressure tor two-partnon. 
Season Ucket loan scheme 
opaadng. Salary arcs 
£9.600 pa to- rtgw 
anpUcant. - 

Ring 629 8801- vet MS. 




Adve rthinj Agency 
wrart, trendy person Ky* 
Reception al this up- 
mart ®t Agency. Cffi.500 
hrtarior Design 
Stffeh. sophtsticated ’ fte- 
praastro wihotf cr ackin g 
&«Mem -phone manner. 


To £10.000 

capw marttot Sood 
of dress and 

MaDnons manner onenttai 
aatata of contact wlthcSemx 



DdijihiTuI MD within City 
Brokers needs for help an 
npenenoed Scc/PA to 
QriPflnc ha hectic Hfc 
style. You'll arrange ua»d 
cnicrutn merit and mect- 
™*v Veep, penotmd 
records for die dept- +■ 
some personal work. If you 
-enjtH a fhcndfy. lean atmo- 
sphere ami like- to be realty 
m wilted ( all SRS SCSI. 


wo are looking tor a 
- person to manage and take 
fun responstoUiiy tor the 
. nmntnj of ocr vety lurry' 
.and .dynamic retail 
d wwiuu m - Previous expe- 
rtencenot esoamUL Top 
salary and compan y car 
tor me right person. Age 
26+ . 

• ouauu 

U» UeHteaMB « 

£ 10,00 + 

f*s) Class See agates qauintfta 
Hr ngW tea? ymon te I nrapng 
D m i d tri mmftuw l convuiy 
rote o Jan teodffld te ted 
jtntenJ and m M p tocnana 
skis m nmssary but ■aa.hnc- 

prsxuws a a? fatal dta 

staffing matte 1 . 

Phase ugly n wffing nm CV. Br 
inns nr an jjwwwra to > 

14 Stanhope bsk 
(NO AgtodBs) ■ 

Experienced Secretory, 
mornings only required 
tor Escctew • • 
Find class shorthand **■ 
Miwtm. non-sxncdw. 
Telephone 9 to .6 
(week days onty» 

0707 42657 

PA T* Saha Mgr 

£ 10,000 . 

D>aaauc safes manager seeks 
equally P-ridied on {canary 
22-2b vrbo will enjoy 

becoming totally involved ra 
■a rajydfy noudnit W| 
«wHwh*Ky. Gpod MwiteaKt 
sod typing are cnemial as k 
the obttity to mitae all tfae 
htw technology. Superb 


14 you’re a seaway te- 
twen jobs or just not quite 
sue teach dreetbo to. 
lake. We win Sn0 yw into-- 
eslins wort and g&e you 
maaitfj briefing, dear in- 
structions. distant rates, 
and a lot of appreciation 
Also a permanent job later 

01-40$ 0424 „ 




If you can speak a Europe- 
an language and have 
good secretarial skills, 
please don*r settle tor an 
ordinary te m po ra r y as- 
signment. We- specialise to 
marching jobs wMi skills, 
so if you have a skill that. is 
In demand, take adv a ntage 
of u by staging us today. 

l A Secretaries 

Private General Practi- 
tioner In Chelsea needs 
cheerfUL • eHldent 
charralnfl assistant to 
run his busy practice. 
Good secretarial skflls 
essential. Previous 
medical experience not 
as important as abOUy 
to deal with people 

£9,500 par uton 

TefaOl-569 9666 


Assist an American botf- 
ness-' exacoUve. Help 
-Introduce new 

entertainment company to 
UK. Good akma. cnaotm- 
Uon and tfedlcafloo to 
weak required. CotupeO- 
ttve compensation. Write: 



Fast moving West End 
PR agency seeks to 
recruit a secretary, ex- 
cellent typing skiBs 
required (45 wpm) but 
no shorthand. 

tf you enjoy a young, 
hectic environment 
caffc Joanna Fowler on 
01*31 1008. 


■he MD OI.Bto successtui «§■ 
ffitabteHal agmey n Cow* 
Garten imds a vtuntsasfi SH 
SecflOOrSB. pdrfUK a^afloJlB, 
to pln-ther snail dymme Ham. 
votx.sMk wte be fuAy udsed. as 
wd any prswas edtewtes. prd- 
arany m ptMshag. ton you im. 

Susan Beck 



If you have A Levels 
or a degree of sorts. 
19-25 yis. looking 10 
earn c. £9,000 (inc 
comm.), be trained 
and want to carve out 
a career in' media 
sales . in top London, 
-publishing houses, 
then call us now. 
Fiona or Rachefle 

01-439 9634 • 

Carreras Lathane 
. Associates utacComf 



E»irrmdj fucoessAil Vice 
Cboiraan ofi prestigious in- 
tcmatioaal nvesuneot 
company nmti 1 cmfidtiri. 
ai tractive and socially posed 
right hand to oiganisc hs 
bitty dieary and travel 
inocries. Greek die ms and 
generally help his superb of- 
fices in Befidjr Square to lick 
over smoothly re his Seque n t 
absence. 80/55 plus 2 yean 
sec. esp. SmaO ( 1 2+1 friendly 
c o mpany. Age 21-24. Pkuc 

437 4187/89 


Caolrai London 

This firm of executnv 
search consultants needs a 
first class receptionist 
whose voice and appear- 
ance match their really 
beauuf m offices- as well as 
varied reception dimes 
there Is an electronic 
switchboard to look after 
and some 40 wpm typing. 

of Bond St. 

PaaumwmCoiKutnnts 4 
ta&IMtWigFnadal VY 2 
Ill-CZi 1204 


Pubhc praoefly company h 
ptaasaot Maytar kxaoaf raqures 
sxjxrancad saeawy (25-35) 
od» tn* ttodtety m uonTtor a 
smal pn as ss te te taam. Non- 
anoto. Wont n»— Ing 


Belgravia, requres 


word processing experience 
essential, lb o rthand 

denraMc. SUary firm 
£8,000 pa. 

Apply with CV toe 



A second Medical secre- 
tary Is r equired tor a 
private radiological dtag- 
nostlc cUnSc. Dun es wflibe 
varied and Iniaresltog. 
Previous medical expert- 


-*•. ■ 

'This scnaD Management 
Consultants based in the 
Wes* End have an ooentog 
tor a senior PA to 2 Direc- 
tor*. Fast accurate typing 
needed along with any WP 
exp. booking all travel ar- 
rangements and looking 
after the Juuor m embers 
of stair 

01 4S3 3336 

CRec Conti 



ArtKuWB. intdBgent md nperi- 
metd Sscraaiy/PA tar a number 
d Queen's Counsel. Apptants 
sOidtoty be dsoatL «et 
oqpnmL tela to Milk on ow 
tntekive and tan ar parienca o f 
doing wMi pnvais sdmiastrs- 
bon at ettrf ereodiw Iwd. 
Please wte nctong CV to Mrc 
F Faster. 4 Essex Cost Tampk 
London EC4Y 9A1 

houdwssl villa s, pantasy Iceland 

L,^Alcdend. a fantasy island where nature, hand 
uV I in hand vrith the legends, has created a 
■ V -landscape of breathtaking beauty volcanoes, 
bubbling hot springs that burst into 180 foot 
\ geysers, spectacular waterfalls and warm 
. summer days that last for 24 hours, 
n You can stH» into another world Coras 
$ Dttleas£l99 

® CH-2217278 






-.->3!? Nclr-oc. 
r . . Axr.- Es39 - 3ar!rkc<i35v j 
' £750 Toronto £ 23 ® j 

130, S* 1 

WS»8u!»8 rllflht* *3t 7T+ 4 [ 
i mgbre m 1 1 




Soma comes eady to Couiwai. 
espw**v b»'.o» maptecent 
leaong to envao 

•iruin - 

CxX2 7U Tti (OSOBMI 

south or mates pwewtv 

■ owned 

MBl CrjH a Cu Ferut On- 
5«c Ajiuw 
RoyaJe-fei; BIB MgB WW 


Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London to Basle 
(except Sundays}. 
Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Slay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct 10 

Book ings and full con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-4394144 








*r*wa « 


TUSCAKT. AMromat mexvect- 
et&y ma te- BBV- 12 D *wa 
due » annteiiM sw a- To- 
Bi Prim «*. Tel O* 2m 9M3. 

-TUSCMrir (MMdi ramtaa nr 
nervjKW/Stin*. Sbu 6. AvaM 
MBy/tos t 01940 32SO rw 


huma, tvwmpc 

Tltvown Ol 441 1111 

luuawcs, U t gMWTI 

uubos oi ase uas. 


22 'MARCH 

3 weeks I3» 
u Sam d'Ootx 
vt» Otiwick /Turin 



Applications are invited for the Professorship of 
Finance and Accounting in the Department of 
Economics. The appointment will be made from 
a date to be agreed with the successful candidate. 

The University is seeking to appoint a Professor 
who has leaching and research abilities in ac- 
counting, and who. for preference, is 
professionally qualiflted. Other things being 
equal candidates with interests in modem fi- 
nancial theory or financial accounting and 
management will be preferred. 

Further information may be obtained from: 

Tho Registrar, 

Room 212, 

Whfteknigfits House, 

P.OJZox 217, 

The University, 

WtftaknigMs, Reading, RG6 2AH. 

The closing date for applications is 21 March 


A couple is required to teach English for a pri- 
vate school (Girls & Boys) in Saudi Arabia. 


- The contract is tor two yean 

- Retmmeraoon wiD be appnnxmmely £ 18.000 per axratim.per 

IB mtiAhirtn lwi*-g Will be |AD>ldCd «« g f ,h *f Mlh 

economy air tickets at tbc begmnmg and end of the contrac t 
Please tend c-v. to: 

21412 P.O. Box 4554 

Saadi Arabia 

To reach Jeddah before tbc end of March. 

Interviews wiD be cooducvd in London at tbc end of ApriL 



Dr. J. H. Burnett has intimated his retire) 
from the post of Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh with effect from 30th 
September 1987. 

The Curators of Patronage of the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, who have the 
statutory duty of appointing the Princi- 
pal, now invite any individual of 
appropriate experience and background 
who is interested in appointment to this 
post or anyone wishing to suggest any 
names for consideration, to communi- 
cate in confidence and not later than 
30th April 1986 with the Secretary to the 
Curators, Mr. A. M. Currie, OBE, BA, 
BLitt Old College, South Bridge, Edin- 
burgh £H8 9YL, from whom further 
information is available. 


TheUnbrei te tasof Mtadtester and Safari, 
dw UWvefsfcy of Manchester fcKoaioe of 
Science and ‘fedmotog)' and the Manchester 
My teitiiic {“The Four - ) are looking for a 
DIRECTOR n esobish and head the office 
oT their new Gonsorrhni tor Advanced 
Ccntnirg Ectoateon and Training. 

The appetoonem b far three jrexn In the 
ftta instance, withasalary up to 07.705 px 
(under review), though special arra n g em ents 
— trxfadir^appcin B Tiencty s econdment — 
may be considered. 

If you beteve that you have the experience 
and drhti to make a success of this tnuual 
andtNEhhf opportunity, write or tel e phon e 
far farther ptaTtetearawe 
!*fc Wsyrse Bogn Astewnt Registrar. 
Office of ftaroUma Education, 
Udvenky of Manchesun 
Manchester M2 9PL (Ml- 273 



toe Swtor Ttooe. Trmtty Cu- 
tvge. Carebridoe. CB2 1TQ 
Urora wtnni lerther earttcu- 
tan mey be gtUMincttl. not 
loter iNu 31 Marrti S986. in- 
geOwr wttn a statement of 
ouautkattans. euMcattaw. 
and experience, and (be 
names of not more men twee 

Ol 741 4086.001-230 0019 


or setr-carenng acts. Ctvacn tu- 
ny from £79. pnone now for 
our bcaetidrs; Dadm Travel 

an flats, vai Twena. 
France. « l« Wv AW A»r 
£60 BO-tav. Teft 01448 2376. 
SMI KIT ST «lncnr fram £89 

-Inc Hots - at- 309-7070. Cette. 
ATDL 1773 

s ra whizz 


Catereq Chalet Parties 
PtmlCL Barbecues 
and Parties 


Ineiusive FBghts 
Food and wine 


rang Ol 730 0999 

AIOl 1820 

Lumt nm vu tnsere. 

Tww * Lc* Arm: 29 m*ren a 
8 April taclunve ceterad holi- 
days from £249t» call Ski vai 
on Ol 908 4444 or 01 2008080 
(24 hrti ABTA 65451 ATOL 

SHI TMOKS1&22 d 29 March. 7 
nays Mnv (ram £109 P» me 
haD bO+TO. tid eoulwneal «r In- 
struroon and rainrn esaen 
BavtL Can 9u vei on 01 905 

4444 or Ol 200 6080 124 hrti 
ABTA 6643! ATOL 1168 

USA from £99. Man- travel. Ol 
466 9837. IATA 



Applies lions are invited from 
paisa tea for a post in the Aca- 
demic Seaton of the utrivosity’* 
central administration. Some ad- 
ministrative experience would be 
an advantage, but is not essential- 

Salary will be in Administrative 
Grade IA £7.Q55-£I1780 p*. Itm- 

der review from I April l98£)aod 

the starling point ml! be wfthm 
the lower balTof tbc scale. 

Further pamculars and applica- 
tion farms are avail* We fnm 
Pud Johnson. Gubbshmetu and 
Staffing Officer, quoting ref. 

lagUmql Lebxsttnkm 

MARCH avaslaMUTY. Andor- 
ra Lux catered 6 eetf.-tatared 
hd*. Next to Ufta Private aar. 
S'POOl. 6k) School. Inc RB A 
tax) trararer Iran K170. SKI 
JEANNIEL 01-221 7913. 





■rata Home HaOdare Mxoed 
Cetckeelar, Eflera C81 SBR. 
ABTA m 4(787 


are available in the 
for the academic year 1986/7. 

Applicants with suitable qualtflcknoiis In the subjects list- 
ed below can obtain the appHranon forms and relevant 
information from; 

The Caban! Dqvtaoa 
Embassy tf the RtpHblir of Iraq 
20 Qactns Gate 
London 5W7 5JG 

Tefc 01-5*4 7141 
<10.00 nm - 3 j 00 pm Mo*-Fri> 

Closing dtue for submission of the compteed tpplieaiumjbnns 
and pfknocapta of certificates a the Jla March 1986. 


1 . One year contract (renewable) 

2. Monthly salary is paid in irecd Dinars (One LD. - £U 
approx/ aecmUno to ouaUKaaone ana experience 

DIPLOMA: -XD 130-UO ♦ ID. Bom year of BcbcritnceOip 
m a max. of LD. 260) 

BJV. & ascJD tao + 1.D.B per ynar of e xperience nm to a 
max. of m sou 

M. A & M.SC-LD 500 tr ID. 10 per year of experience (Dp to 
a max. of !.□. 460) 

ID. SO per year of mqtertence i up to a max. of £8001 

3. Free accommodation, suhlect to avanawiny. or 
ID 60 monthly for Bachetora 

LD.1SO monthly for Mamed Candtoalca 

4. All Incomes are Tax-Free 

6. Free air «eu— ■ for the candidate. Ms wife and two (under 
eHMeesi) chUdren. at the DefiUMng and the sermlnatlon or 
the Contract. 

6. Free medical treatment at Govenuncni HossUtes 

7. 60% of the income t> tranatoraMr outside mo 


Accounting (Cost Management). Anaesthetics. Anatomy 
(Med. A Sample Prep. Prcservannm. Algebra (Groups & 
Rings). ArrMiecture. Art (Modem). Acoustic 

Btochemtary. Sotogv (MolecuUr). Bfoptayslcs. Bto et a run ts. 
Budding. Systena. Materials. Servloes 

Cardiology (MedtcalX Chemical totglneertng/Proceo Con- 
trol. Cinema (Montage). Clvfl Eng m tts in g. Community 
Medicine. Computing Tectadaues. C o m p u a M ny & Forma! 
i catnpuier Arauiecrura & operating Systans. 

Computer Ecsences. Computer Eng- C.T. D l s ra i es . Cam and 
Cto. Concrete Teatooutgy. Construction ManageSMnL Ooo- 
trai Eng.. Communtcraians 

r»ntn Base Design A ManagemoiL Data P r oce ssi ng dr File 
Organization. Data SB-uctare & Algorithms. Dental Technol- 
ogy 'TectiMaans with suitable Diploma). Dentistry fM. Sc. or 
the highest Dental pntfessmnal quattocatlon). Dtgtial Systems 
& M i croprocessors. Diseases (Respiratory). Dermatology A 
Venereology. Decor A Design 

English (Phonetics a Conversation). English 
(Literature, Drama). English (Grammar). Engttsti 
(Linguistics /Translation). Electrical Eng. /Power etc. 
EMMiMoo. Endocrinology. Enzymology. EdlperaMogy. 
Electronic Eng.. Electronics/ Power Etc.. Electrical 
Eng /Machines. Engineering Analysis. Electronic Control. 
Electronic instrumentation. Energy Economics 

Fluid Mechanics. French (By Audio- Vimiti. Forensic Medi- 
cine- Fluid Dynamics CranlaHons 

Gynaecology A Obstetrics. Genetics. Geometry (Finite). Gas- 
troenterology. Caatrophymdogy. Geriatrics. German 

Hebrew (Modern) (BA. or M.A. A B years experience). He- 
brew (TTanslalton). Haama*oingy(CUnkM£ Hydrology. H.V. 
Eng.. Histology 

tnmnmotogy (Medial), tostr u mentotton Control, i n strume n ts 
and Measurements, integrated Ctaddis 

Library A IndDdng (BA A 6 yean ex p eri en ce). Laser 

Mechanical Eng.. Maths. Applied /Pure. Mkrobiotogy. Mem- 
one (Generali. Midwifery. Marine (Chemistry. Physics). 
Micro Compuier/New Generation, M e te o ro logy /Synaptic. 
Dynamic. Medical Phytas. Microwave and Laser 

Neurology (MtrilcaQ. Numerical Analysis. Neohroingy. Neu- 
roohysiotogy. Nuratog. Ncuroonatomy 

Orthopaedics. OpChalmology. Ort h od n a m s. Operation Re- 
seats h. Optics 

Psychology (Clinical A Experimental). Physics (Theoretical). 
PhystCs (Nod ear -Theoretical). Riyatotogy. Paediatrics. Pa- 
thology. Prefabricated Building. Power Technology 

Quality Control Statistics. Quantity Surveying 

Rheumatology. Radtotogy. Radio A T.V. (Direction. 
Montage/ Special Effects!, Regional Planning. Russian. 

Surveying. System Software. Solar Eng, Statistics. Surgery 
(General /Castro). Sanitary Eng, Spanish. Sod Mechanics. 
Structural Mechanics and Dynamics. Signal Processing. Sat- 
ellite Communication* 

Telecommunications A Computer Network. Topology. Tax- 
onomy (Plant /Fungi). Tropical Median*. Transport 

Urology. Urban Planning 
Water Resources. Welding 

T he College 
Proposes To 
Appoint a 

To take office on I October 
11*6. or as soon as possible 
thereafter. The p er son ap- 
pointed Will become a Fellow 
of toe ColEepe and thereby a 
member of its Govenuns 

The successful applicant win 
be required to undertake pas- 
toral work among all 
members of the College and 
may ate be required to coo- 
duct services in toe College 
Chapel. He /she should be a 
graduate who can undertake 
some undergraduate reaching 
preferably in theology. 
Further particulars may be 
obtained from the Master to 
whom applications should be 
sent not later than 18 April 

unmtxtty of London 

n» stoats Biter appfcaans te me 
atme Ctae Aiotcahans(lOct0B) 
stiateJ te suwnBW b bib Teaefws' 
Sector m Umrety (X London. 
Maw Street Union WDE Thu. 
tarn Won futw partcutes stood 
f*S be OKHNfl. 

The costs date te recetf ol aofto- 
cawns S M AorM 19B& 

Department of 

AppUewant are invited for a 
ftdl-Ulhe post or Ucturrr in 
Ute Orparimml at RfillMO- 
pny. rename tram 1st DctoOer 

bdUal saury wftwn the range 
£8.090 - £9.406 per annum 
on a Scat* rwos to £16.700 
per annum. 

Apoucaaom. toggther with 
IM poim of three referees, 
should be received not later 
than Tin Aunt 1986. by me 
Reeatrar. The University. 
P.O Box 147 Liverpool. L69 
3BX. from whom further par- 
ticulars may be obtained. 
Quote Ref RV,291/T 

Vnu Itech. And. May Ms. 
antes tiara: TenenSt Ink £219. 
Me £239. N&M m £159. 
Mb £179. C«e, Corfu. Mencrea 
1«k £129. MS £1%. Rhodes. 
Pams. Pores ink E149. Zms EiS9 
oc o( vczfan a nral mom pks 
»3« tom ante* or Mzaeies» 
(sun b bob m «il 


AtticaMm arr IMIM from 
■twee with a good nm s t pw 
and a p ostgra duate oualirica- 
Iton tn TEFL for a poet of 
Tutor in EnollUi to Ovenras 
Students iln the Oenanmeni 
of EngUdii mainly to taam on 
extended courses for graau- 
aio prior to IMr NtSc 
courses. Tn* poet Is foe two 
years in the first Instance, 
staritna in May 1966. 

AppbcauoraubccoPMs). nam- 
ing three r e f ere es . By 27 
March 1966 to Assistant Rs» 
wtrar lArts). umvertity of 
Birmingham. PO. Box 363. 
Birmingham BIB 7ri. from 
whom farther particulars 
may be obtained. 

An Eaual Opportunities 

Two Temporary 
Lectureships in 
14 to 19 Education 

Applications are invited from 
auitaMy Qualified and experi- 
enced graduates for two 
Temporary Lcctureralpa In 
the area of i* to 19 educa- 
tion. The main responsUMUMs 
of both para wiu be con- 
earned with in-aennee 
courses, including Diplomas 
and taught Masters’ degrees. 
Both Temporary Lecturers* 
will ne expenad to develop ap- 
proaches lhai win ennnw the 
School of Educ a t io n in re- 
spond to the i n -service weeds 
of LEAs arising from the new 
scheme of fund mo wwdi win 
brain to operas tn April 
1907 Ca n didates should be 
ante io demonstrate expertise 
in technnues of assessment 
win, particular ra s s a xe to 
GCSE examinations and the 
developme n t ol pupil profiling 

and or in lecondaiy school 
management One Tempo- 
rary Lecturer will be based In 
Northampton- where me 
tnlveratty has an in-service 
centre, and one In LMtdm 
ine member of Mart based at 
Leicester wfll However be re- 
mitred to contribute also to 


stogie return 
JfritaTg/Har C5Q0 £«6& 

Nairobi £220 ro» 

Ctoro £130 £200 

Z-agat £236 £330 

Del Bam £230 £340 

Bangka* £196 £39a 

Douala £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

163-1 fee Repent SI W.l 
^ 01-417 B2» /* /7 /* 

and BucUngumthire. 

Both appoiiitments will be tor 
tnree years drama from i Sep- 
tember X9B6 on the scale 
£8.020 to £16.700. 
APMKaaong (ornw and fur- 
ther particulars may be 
obtained from the Retaatrar 
iAppantmenon. University of 
LMCPSer. unveraky Road. 
Lntesirr. LEI 7RH. id whom 
CPtnpleied iorxns should be re- 
turned by 4 April 1986 

AMUn £400 Dub* £340 

Frmnm MOO btaHW £l 70 

Uflot n*0 Juan E*40 

MUXDva £400 Kano, £280 

Mnran S23S KiMj’Sei £420 

Bane £460 Kumt £940 

Btogltih £350 N Vert £235 

Bom ra«l £345 Saeal £750 

tono £235 SyuMfl £ffi 5 

Dtm»a« £255 TOM) £570 

. anfU WTMV B. LTD 
2 QEMHH) 577CET UMDQh tri 

Tet 01-439 35 IMJ 007 

Umvetsny of Oxford 


The University proposes to 
appoint to tois post from |g 
October 1956 or as soon as 
parable thereafter. The lec- 
tureship may be heW «n 
com unci ioa with 0 Faculty 
Ferawshio of Nuffield Cat- 

13? U? & AWAY 

NatrcM. JtTBurs. Cairo. Du- 
haL btanbul. Singapore. K.L. 
DorvL Bangnak Hong Kona 
Sydney. Eurooe. 6 The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel 
3 New Quebec S* Mara* 
Ann London WIH 7DD 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 1Q.UM3.00 

cosilui iin on nights non 
in Europe. USA & mom deaUna- 
Hw Diplomat Travel. 01-7 30 

Fcucmship of NuffieW Col- 
lege. The stipend will be 
according io age on (he sale 
£7.820 to £16.565. 

Tbc lecturer will be required 
to become a member of lire 
Uruverrity's Superannuation 
Scheme unless at present a 
member of F55.U. 
Applications (eight typed 
copies, or I from overseas ap- 
plicants). together with the 
names of three referees should 
be received not later than 3th 
Apn! im. by Mrs G.V. 
Tomlin. Assistant Regmrar. 
Univemiy Offices. Wetting- 
ton Square. Oxford OXI 2JD. 
from whom further pantcu- 
Iar may be obuined. 
Separate application is not 
necessary far toe associated 
college post. 

Soruor Research Assistant 

taMaJsns ire rate) lor tne w- 
canev (4 Sena Aesaarrti Assteanl 
io pamcraie m a cteatioreaw pre- 
gramme of iBtareh m connte 
network and dartuied txocessmg 
Mien a* be coKbcmi pnmasly at 
Hanred ui (Monfctn. Du) wli M 
attachao to 8* Dapamwni of Itoo- 
emalcs and Compute Science 
Aolcans state) tavo a fed or 
good second dus honours degree 
neerng or a closely retoea dsegdra 
togenw Mm urn or mree jem re- 
t&O posigraduue tnran 
The amturem. when Ml be tar 
up D Hks years, m 3 be on a scale 
up to £12141 pa annum phis 
USS/USOPS benefits. 

Further partfeutos and apftfcaum 
toms |2 copes) my be potamed 
ten the Posorute Dftce. unmossy 
Cotage ol Swansea. Smgtetn PM. 
Swansea. SA2 8PP. to Mach office 
they snote) be retimed by 
WEDNESDAY Am l 1966 



APMtraUoro are rnvttM from 
Qualified men and women for 
a temporary pom in the Ad- 
mmMradon of On UMuenlly 
The pom. which will be full- 

if me and for to ree yean in the 
ftiw instance Marling as aoon 
a& oosMble or in me summer, 
is sunauc for persons wishing 
to obtain initial experience of 
admlnttinave work in higher 
education. The appllcantt 
should possets ■ degree or 
equivalent quauncaHon. 

Salary scale: In the lower pari 
of grade l A of the national 
scale for administrative staff 
(£7021 - £12636 pa- under 
review), phis membership of 

Send setf-addrassed envelope 
iO~x 6") (or funner particu- 
lars and application form to 
Brian Clear. Personnel Office. 
Sussex House. The UiUverMty 
of Sussex. Fainter. B n tf iW n. 
BNi 9RH. u Whom appuca- 
uons should be subrntned not 
taler than 27th March 1986. 

sh<o m the Depoiimcfil ol Artec and 
tame Stales. The post 6 roaUy 
to tie yean, rrth Ita pnsstoMy ol 
renewal, a ppontmem *3 be si me 
toner end of me ssary-scata Prete- 
nce mar he <yven to qraaisis m 
modem Arane. but canodata com- 
pefenj m supervise bom classical 
and modern Arabc are emingad 
to apery. Tfm poa e avafeUe bom 
19 October. 1996. 

Saiuy wd be wdtai £7J2D-£1iS22 
(interim, utaar revcw) on me 
Lecuers' safe, witti ptaisfeflt ac- 
ccromg io age. quattcafens and 

Funner parhetetrs may be otarad 
Iron the Acadwc PeBonrte Office. 
Uraverstyd Gfesgw. Qasow. G12 
BOO. where apataabons (8 copes) 
pvmg me names and addresses ol 
me tomes, itoda be toga) on 
or iteree 7m April. )96& 
in reply please ounte Ha No 56B7E 



Tl» University proposes to 
appoint to uua poet rrora 1st 
October 19B6 or as soon « 
poasaue ihfienfler. The 
lect u rership may be held tn 
conjunction with a Faculty 
Fellowship of Nuffield Col- 
lege. The stipend will be 
according to age on the scale 
£7.820 to £16^66. 

The lecturer win be required 
to become a member of the 
University's Superannuation 
Scheme unless M present a 
member of Fd&L'. 
Applications (eight typed 
copm. or l from ov e rs— Jf>- 
oticanlu. T ug vtixr with the 
names of three referee s 
should be received not later 
than 801 April 1986. by Mrs 
C.v. Tomlin. Aswetonl Reoto- 
srar. Lmnierslty Offices, 
toemngton Square. Oxford 
0X1 2JD. from whom further 
particulars may be obtained 
Separate appUcabon Is nM 
necessary for tha asso ci a te d 

college p oet— — . 


The Senate invite a pp u ram n s 
■or the above Chair. ApolKa 
HOnS HO copies) should be 
su b mitt e d to me Teachers' 
Section .Tv umversuy of lar- 
<ton. Malel Street. London 
todE THU. from whom fur- 
ther particulars should Oral be 

The closing dale for receipt of 
aspiKsaons h 9 April 19S6. 



The Senate invite apodrattons 
tor the above Chair. AppUra- 
■Kns isO copies! should be 
submitted to toe Teachers' 
Section m University of Lon- 
don. Maiet Street. London 
wctE 7HU. from whom rur- 
ther parocuun should firs! be 

The closing dale far recript of 
aapllcallonl B 4 April 19B6. 

★♦SAVE £££S+* 


* snvi * * uBBOuns * 

* TRfiH * * BRSBWS * 

* tflStfT * * K£u se * 

* JOSuAfi * * S AfflCA * 

* aucuam) * * wamsnw* 

«nx « WtOTHOBESW * 

* BMftaK * * tyro * 

* SHOWS * * M»»A * 

* DLfitf * * MrtWM * 

* W E»St * * w«® * 

* UEIM * * WWff * 

* TdOltO * * WCBUHB * 

* L U6&R * * MW* * 

* SEATTli * * S fSMOSKI * 

** aouTh AseacA «* 

W US* * U5» * W* 41)54 * 

$9 South Sl Epsom. Surrey 
(037271 27538/25530/27109/ 
Tdra 24657 

rs i 

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truth fill • 
m<j 1 are 
prove a a* 
xorjling l 

graph is t 
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ponder « 
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Amen- ih 
in the i i 
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device f 
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detect a or 
of re- co 
dl when ei 
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s. who 
■silivity ® 

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■d that 
results £ 
s. ^ 
ruthful ^ 
as liars £ 
Id out- 
with a L n 
test,” {“ 

carried Ss 
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Wash- Tot 
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CHEAP FUOHTt Worldwide 
HotnvarMt 01-930 1366. 















RI.VMMalmei- 15°. V-\T. 

i minimum 3 lines) 
AnfiouiKcrocnis. auiticnu- 
( b> the name anil 
permanen: address cf ihc 
sender, mav he «ni lo: 
PO BOV 4&1 
Viipoii Street 
LumJan EX 

or ltflepfaotvil ihy telephone 
vahsenbers onk|" 10 . 01-4SI 

Annnuiucmcnu can he rp- 
cciteil hi letopfcw lr)#om 
*- uoti and S.jWtMa. Monday 
in Kndli. on Siiunlai he- 
ween viN tuti and I 'noon. 
(481 46C0 Only). For publi- 
cation llie IMInaing day. 
phuiw hi- l.jnpm. 

FOR nif owing >n*- 
on ( uufl and Seoul Pace. £6 
a Tine + IS** ' AT. 

{•.Mirl and Social Pajc an* 
nounremems an nci he 
acccpled l*y telephone En- 
uuinei lo- Ct-SSZ 99S3 
Mini other ehsMlini after* 
lisemmis can he aeiviucd by 
irtttihwic. The deadline is 
5 iVipm 2 da vs i*w lo puWi- 
camm (i.e. .'iMpm Monday 
lor Wednesday). Should vou 
v.ish id send an aftenisi.- 
meni in wnunj! please 
include your davumc phone 

ha'c any auflKi or problems 
relating lo yuur udierllSC- 
meni once it has apwaied 
lilt'jv >*oniael vur C usaomer 
Seiiacs D'-TOrimcnl ' 
phuie on fll-SI 

IU 1 a 

.tur ruaoraer S’, 
meni b> tete- Q 
ti JCOb. G 

r«rrtn iln-y bo ausewl? 

Amos 3 3 


A7A5T3 lo Afcoun Czkok and 
Cncv NodML a daoOhlCT. 
pontun Polite Auaer oa 2nd 
Mann 1966. 11.39am ai Ham- 
mersmta Hcsjnial London 

BCH.7JIE On March 4th at 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital 
Hammersmith. Jo Kathryn 
i nee Marsh) and Paul o girl 

PKA5E2 to Paul and Patricia 
at Wes; London HrapffaJ on 
tith March 1986. a sor. 
Joseph James McEntee. a 
brother for Daniel. 

XHXRSM ■ To Feneila and 
Mark, a son Max. a brother 
to Guy. cn March the 6th. 

6.'CSTrIA?K52 on March 7th ai 
Canberra, to Jane tneo Allen) 
and Michael a son Richard 

CSASiW On 6th March to 
Claire inee Sheldrickl & Mai- 
cotm. a son Thomas William 
Henry. a brother for 

SUeCOuSaX Or. 4th March lo 
Lucy inee O'Sullivan) and 
Robert, a son Rory. 

KULiER Laura Louise 2.46 am 
6th March Freedom Fields 
Hospital. Plymouth lo Ray- 
mond Keith & Angela Mary 
uwe Fowk-yi sister to Keith 
Joseph Samuel 

MCNCHaFF * On March 6th 
to Salty uih Afleni and 
George, a son. Timothy, at 
The John RaddUfe. a broth- 
er for J eremy and Oliver. 

KOrTTfiOKSEW On 6th March 
19S6 at Si. Thomas’ Hospital 
to Lhzie inee Evansi it Jamie 
a son Edward Henry James. 

SEARLES on March 8ft 1936 
In Dhahran. Saudi Arabia, to 
Ella mee Reeai and Barry, a 
son. Dominic Nigel. 

TTAFP on 71h March, to An- 
nette mee TwymatU and 
Charles, a daughter, dice. 

TKZ5IGEB On 24th February 
to Christine, wife of John 
Bede, a son David George. 

TOWN on March 5ft at May- 
day Hospital Croyden to 
Karel inee Cook) and Chris- 
topher. God's GUI a daughter 
Antonia Celeste, a sister for 

March at Westminster Hospi- 
tal to Piers and Jane, a 


BAX - On March 6ft 1936. 
Desmond HammersJey. aged 
69 years, of Kighclear. 
Hants. Moved husband of 
Monica 3ax. Funeral service 
at SI. Thomas's Church. 
Woollen HID. nr- Newbury, 
on Friday. March 14th. at 
1 1.30 am- Cremation at Ox- 
ford Crematorium, at 3. J5 
pm. Encumes to Camp 
Hopson. Funeral Directors 
Newbury. 45590. 

SnBT On March Tth peaceful- 
ly in hta sleep at home Sir 
Harold Blbby Bart- BSO- Dl 
aged 97. Family funeral a| 
Ms request no flowers. 

BLASTi On March 7th ai home 
In Duachhteock. Exeter. 
Major Alan Malcolm Herbert 
Blair R-A.O.C. Funeral 
service Exeter & Devon Cre- 
matorium Wednesday. 12Ui 
March at 1.46 pm. Family 
flowers only. 

LOCKHART - Aged S3 yeara. 
on the 5lh of March atter a 
traffic accident. She was the 
beloved mother of Michael 
and David and was very dear 
do ner numerous mends. 
Family funeral. Family 
lowers only, but donations, if 
wished to SJ. Laurence 
Church Repair Fund, care oi 
Reverand EJ.C. Davis. New 
Hlnksey Vicarage. Oxford 
0X1 4RD. TTankscNdns Ser- 
vice on Saturday 22nd ot 
March 1986. at 2.30 pm. In 
Si Laurence Parish Church. 
Sooth Hlnksey. Oxford. 

DKOOE-vrarrz - cap: r 
F rances M.N. (Retted i 
slipped away peacefully on 
Wednesday 5ft March at 
An dm er War Memorial Hos- 
pital. Much missed by his 
wife, relatives and mends 
Funeral at 3.00 pen. on Fn 
day lAUi March at Salisbury 


CATOS • On March 6ft suo- 
oeniy at home. ChaDche 
Lucinda. aged 6 months. 
Much loved daughter of Hen 
ry and Sara and younger 
stsier to Henrietta. Family 
flowers only please but dona- 
tions In lieu. If desired, to the 
Foundation for the Study of 
infant Death. 5ft Floor. 4 
Grosvsnor mace. SW1X 

COCK BURN on March 6ft 
1986. peacefully after s 
short Illness In hospital 
Archibald Mncrdff oi 
Horsham. Sussex In his 86th 
year. Much loved father of 
John and Andrew. Funeral 
at Sr Mary Magdalen 
Church. Lymlnster r 
Arundel on Wednesday 
March 12ft at 12 noon. 
Flowers to Freeman Broth- 

m. Hn ralttm. 

DART Frederick oa Ftbnmry 
17th. whites on holiday ft 
Egypt. Burial hao already 
taken place. 

OEE3ETTQUS • Oa Friday 7ft 
March, peacefully In boe#- 
tat. Mary Forbes, aged 77 
years, of RKhatomL Surrey, 
dearly loved grandmother 
end sister. Creraaftxi at 
Morttske. London swm. on 
Monday l7St March, at 3 
jnrv Floral blbtdes may be 
sent W T H. Sanders. RS«t- 
maaL or If prefWed. 
donations to The Nanonai »- 
abcuc Assodatkm. 

raw On 8ft March 1986 
Aik* Sydney Aged 69 years 
of The Thatched Cottage. 
HID Wootton. Warwick. 
Much loved husband of Ba 
6% father of Mfctuel jwer 
Nigel A loving pandfather 
All funeral enguina to HJ 
Dawson Funeral Effectors 
Ltd. 22 George Street. Leam 

tngum Spa 0926-27464 
Family & flowos only. Do- 
nations The British Heart 

EADLE On March 6ft at home. 
of Sir Hardman Earle St St 
tetoved mother oi George & 
Belinda. Funeral Service 
Wednesday March 12ft at 
2.15 pm at Putney Vale 

FACSWJST on March 6ft. Os- 
car Victor Halits, suddenly la 
hospuaL Beloved husband of 
Eileen, much loved farcer of 
□avid. Tony. Timothy and 
Salty and grandfather of 
Jeremy. Claire. Christopher. 
Lucy. Simon and Mark. Fu- 
neral service 11.46 am. 
Tuesday lift March ai 

Wftdlesham Oturcn. prior to 
private cremation. Family 
flowers only. Donations to 
ICV. Frimley Par* HoapUaL 
Qipcns On March 6th. peace- 
fuUy at home. Nloel Eric 
Murray, seed 81. bdoved 
husband of Diana. Much 
loved rafter of Diane and 
Gilt) an and stepfather of Pe- 
ts- and Robin. Funeral at St 
Mary's ChHMingatone. Ke»L 
on Thursday l3tn March at 
2.30pm. Flowers ^ 
HJckmott Ltd. 41 Grove HUl 
Road. Tunbridge Walls. 

CUMS7CH - ER. (Rosa) « 
Wednesday 5Ui Mar ch at 
Cambridge bi her 87ft year- 
widow of David, mother of 
Sidney, Bernard and Joan. 
Funeral service el Cam- 
bridge City Cenwny Chapel, 
on Thursday 13ft March at 
12.30 p.m. Enquires to Har- 
ry Williams A Sons. 
Telephone Cambridge 

HOUCHW on March 5ft 1986 
Kate Sarah of The Grand. 
Folkestone. Kent bi her 92nd 
year. Widow of Robert 
Houchln. A most dearly 
loved mother, grandmother 
and great grandmother. Re* 
outem mass at Roman 
Catholic Church. GutidhaU 
Sl. Folkestone on Friday. 
March 14th al 12 noon fol- 
lowed by private crefnattaa. 
Family flowers only but do- 
nations If desired lo R N.L1.. 

C O MBS P tbddns. National 
Westminster Bank. Europe 
House. Saodgale Road. 
Fotkesioae win be 

HOWLAND On 7ft Mach fn 
Winchester. Robert Leslie 
(BEDE) aged 80. husband of 
Eileen and father of Judith. 
Robert and Peter. A Memori- 
al Service will be announced 

M . rX b BtPg Eileen Chrfttna 
i Sudd i widow of BUI and much 
loved mofter o< Molly and DUy 
peacefully on March 7Ui. No 
flowers please. Donations lo 
Trinity Hondn. 30 daunaia 
Common Normddr. Umaan. 

KNOTT On March 6th peace- 
fully ft USA. Dudley ton 
Caithness following several 
years of U1 health, bravely 

KHUTSFORD Julian 8ft Vis- 
count. on 8ft March at 
Munden. Funeral entirety 
private. Service at Aldenham 
Church on Friday 4ft April 
at 2.30. 

26 ft February peacefully 
Marcella Ucyd-Howard wid- 
ow of Hugh Ltoyd-Howard. 
The runeral has taken place 

CScXUGH On March 6ft Joan 
of Rose Cottage. 
Sunnlngdaie. widow of Hen- 
ry Crompton. Mother of 
Maureen & Michael. Grand- 
ma to Mark. Sam A B'nrin. 
Funeral Service at AH Soles 
Chord). South Asrol Ob 
Thursday March 13th at 
2-COpm. Flowers to Lina 
Bannister 69 High Street 
Ascot Berks. Tel: 2CC66. 
HCCATTA cn March 7ft. 
peacefully at home, after a 
long courageous flghl 
LL/Cdr. Robert H. Mocatta 
R.N. (Rt> (Toby i aged 61. Be- 
loved husband of Elizabeth 
and loving father of David. 
Robert and Charles. Funeral 
service at SL Sartnotomews 
Church. Haslemere on Fri- 
day March i4ih at 2.16pm. 
followed by private crema- 
tion- Family flowers only, 
but donations In his memory 
to the Macnuuan Unit. King 
Edward VU Hospital. 
Midhunt. Sussex. 
O'CONNELL on 3rd March, 
peacefully in SI Paul’s HcsM- 
UI. Winchester, after a long 
Illness bom with great forti- 
tude. Marjorie O'Connell 
M.BX.. beloved wife of John 
R.I.P. Reoufem Mass at St 
Feieris Church. Winchester 
on Thursday 13ft March at 
10.30am. Please no flowers 
but If desired, donations to 
Barts Heritage. St Bartholo- 
mews HospftaL West 
Smlftfleld. London SCI. 
PENI3TAN on Wednesday. 6th 
March, suddenly. Motley 
James of Hayes Cottage. 
Hawkesbury Common. Bad- 
minton. Avon. GL9 1BW. 
Funeral service Thursday 
I3U1 March at St Mary's 
Church. Hawkesbury. fal- 
lowed by cremation at 
Canford Crematorium at 
3.20 pm. Family ftowers 
only, donations If so desired 
to Gloucestershire Trust for 
Mature Conservation, c/o H 
E Townsend. Box Cottage. 
Hawkesbury Upton. Avon. 
Telephone Dtdmarton 26a. 
PICTOM. On March 9ft at Mel- 
low Thaicn. Morthard 
Bishop. Betty Campbell, wife 
of Stanley and mother of 
Jennifer. Judy. Linda and 
Sally. Funeral Service 
M orchard Bishop Church an 
Wednesday March 12th at 
2.C0pm. Flowers lo A While 
A Sons. Peoples Park Road. 

RAMSAY at BamfT on 7th 
March 1986. Sir Nete Alex- 
ander Ramsay of Baiwr. 

1 2th Baronet. Funeral ser- 
vice at Bamff House at 1.30 
pm. followed by cremation at 
Perth Crematorium. 3. 16 bin 
on Wednesday 12ft March. 
Family flowers only. 
RCQB3NS Kenneth Edwin, late 
of BrtstoL peacefully on 6th 
March at west Middlesex 

ROBERTSON HDda Marjorie 
iReuterdahli Amended ad- 
dress for conations Barclays 
Bank pic. 6 Church Street 
Leather-head. Surrey 
SAPP On March 6ft 1986. 
Peacefully in hospital G. 
Helen Sapp aged 86 years. 
Formally of Roser Bassett 
Crammer School. A brilUant 
la linguae* teacher and dear- 
Ly loved friend. Funeral at 
Honour Oak Crematorium 
Friday 14ft March at 1.40 
p.m. Family A flowers only. 
Donations If desired to 
Phyllis Tuefcwell Hospice. 
Farnham Surrey. 

SMART EUzabetn of Fttxfegn. 
Suffolk. On March 4th 1986. 
suddenly In Soho. EUzabelh 
Smart aged 72. beloved 
mother of Georgina. Christo- 
pher. Sebastian and Rose. 
Funeral Service on Saturday 
i Sft March at 1 1 30am at SI 
Cross South Ehnham Church 
Suffolk, followed by Inter- 
ment- Flowers to V. Cossey 
Funeral Directors. 12 Chau- 
cer SL Bungay Suffer*. 
STCZ7SER On March 7th at 
the London CUaic peacefully 
after a short illness. Martorte 
Eleanor dearly loved wife of 
Percy mother of Wendy A 
Susan A Grandmother of 
Kerry A Joanne. Funeral to 
be held at South Essex Cre- 
matorium. Corbets Tey 
Road. Upmtnster on Wednes- 
day March 12ih at 10,30 am. 
No flowers mease but dona- 
tions if wished to Car 
TEMPLAR On March 6 1986. 
peacefully Cecil Robert aged 
85. late Brigadier Royal Ar- 
tillery. dearly loved husband 
of Angela and father of 
James Hazel and Jenny. 
VCRS on Friday 7Ui March 
1986. suddenly in hOSMtBL 
Denis Osborne Vero T D of 
me Croft, Afterstone. War- 
wickshire. age 69 yean. 
Beloved husband of the late 
Joan and much loved father 
of Diana and Geoffrey and 
grandfather of Ryan. 
Jeremy. Leonora. Alexander 
and Julian. Funeral service 
at 51 Mary's Church. 
Athersttme on Thiasdxy 
March 13th at 2.30 pm. 
Flowers if wished can be senl 
to M G Evans. Funeral curec- 
rers. Long Street 
A therd one. (08277 3240L 
WATERHCV5E. On 6ft March 
1986. peacefully In a nurdng 
home. Margaret aged 82 
years, dearly loved widow of 
Theodore. A much loved 
mother and grandmother. 
Service on Friday 14ft 
March « 230 pm at Sl 
M ary the Virgin Church. 
Holmbiuy St. Mary. Qd 
dowers if wbhed or dona- 
tions to Th# Church of 
England Children’s Society 
may be rani to Sherlock and 
Sons. Thefts Hoi ae. Da rktog. 
IIOCMU. Ann# Marjorie on 
25ft February at Whitby. 
North Yorkshire In her 95ft 
year. Account lo me her 
nephew and executor euhei 
here or lo uw Solicitor* 
Messrs Seaton Gray. Bril and 
Bags ham. 38 Ftowergate. 
Whitby. N Yorkshire. 
H0T7CN Donato Bruce. Ob 
the 27Ui February I9S& 

aged 54 peacefully « home 
alter a long Urns corn 
gronsly and patfcaitty fought 
Sadly mixed by Ms wtft 
Mary mid Ms cM Mren Lfa to- 
say, Donna. Crllniine. 
Claire, and Room. 

memorial services 

lUHNUi Donald. A Memorial 
Service for Demid ChHMhr 
Towner win take Place tr 
Hampstead pariah Gunn 
Chinch Row. tumpetoad. Leo- 
don. NWS a Li n an « 
Saturday 13 April *986. 

WALKER A Thanksgtvtof 
Service for the life of Jane 
widow of Maior Edwaro 
Walker and mutt tevec 
Aunt and Great AunL waiix 
held at St Paul's Church 
Wilton Place. Kntgiuabrttae 
SWl. at noon on Thursday 

April tom. 


GAUP BALKAR, to fondest 
memory. A 6 A J. 

HARRIS Many happy returns 
of ft# day with love and ktoft- 
es to yoo dear old Dak and 
‘Gen'. We are all thinking of 
you - Horace. BflUe. Jatfcy. 
Buniy and Peter. 


family thank an who ayroo- 
tmzod with them to Mr toef 
by mass cams. wreaUU. let te rs 
and caftfa or sympathy and ay 
attendance at the fiaxm ser- 
vices Father Michael Cogan 
haildndfy anr«M to say a tim* 
na at mosses, tor the repose of 
Katherines soul and tor the to- 
tem) on of an who participated 
in so many ways in tbs funeral 
services. May she rest In p ea ce. 




Together we can beat it 

\\c fund over one third of 
all research uuo the proven- 
non and cure of cancer in 
the UK 

Helpus by sending a dona- 
non or make a legacy ux' 




2 Car h< hi Hoiimt' T enare. 

([)• »« TT/8|3t London SWl IT SARJ 


Do saiota am an orexic s 
have anything In common? 
is anorexia the pursun of 
perfection? a tekvteton re- 
searcher would Ute to view 
your views. 

Tel: Leeds 432323. 

lOHK RZMklD Cs cinto. the 
Sleins and their Circle: this 
year's Walter Neurzth Manori- 
al Lerture. founded by Thames 
and Hudson: Tuesday. 11th 
March at 6 pm. unlwndly cf 
London Senate House. Matot 
Street. London wci. Admis- 
sion tree. 

IF ROHALD undsay fwmerty of 
21 camoden HUl Square. Lon- 
don W8 wm communicate with 
Coy A YewdaiL Coverdale A 
Bon. Sollcnors. Minerva Home. 
29 East Parade. Leeds LSI 
5TW he wm learn of somethum 
lo his advantage. 

AUTHOR Wlllri to hear from 
mate remote re ad ers apes SO- 
SO who have been wtdowsd. 
ConfldenUality ensured. PI tan 
write lo Lee Harvey. 2 Mm 
Road. Emm. Surrey. 

ART RESEARCHER reantoea tn- 
fomullon on tietrs to arOH 
George Studdy Reply » Box 
MR ALAN A. Fair* has recently 
joined BTOdHock Blanch Limn- 
ed and been appointed an 
associate aired or. 



March 8. 1986. Perth. West- 
ern Australia. David Francis, 
eldest son of Mr A Mrs DJLF 
Gerber, to Deborah Anne, 
only daughter of Mr RJL 
Elrington and the late Mrs I 

cember 19ft 1985. in La 
Hulpe. Belgium: Andrew, 
son of Sir Keith and Lady 
Unwin, to EUse Margaret 
daughter of Mr and Mrs WO- 
Uam Thomson. 


BERGM Leah Lmdsa of 
Brighton. 100 TODAY. Love 
and congratulations from 
Mariorie. John. Pierrette and 
countless friends and 

congraruianoss on your SOth 
BUttuUy on March 9th. From 
CaraUna. Jane. Fanny. Sarah. 
Tom am oU your erttovan o 

EDHfBURH Very Happy 
Birthday to LH from DR. Re- 
membering fte befl for veto. 

PtSCEAKS of the World cele- 
brate fte Birthday of Marcns 
OUTord- AD together now. 

TREVOR Happy Birthday. 
Darling. This Is no Brief En- 
counter. All my love Cetia. 

YARROW Ketth John 18 yean 
today, congra tula t i o n s . Abi- 
gail. Kenneth. Daniel. 
Tamara. Mura and Dad. 


written and produced 
curriculum vita* documexos. 
Details Ol-SBO 2909. 

HEART to HEART. Todays — 

o I meeting. Confidential tntro- 

duettens throughout UK for 

Companionship. F 

Montage. Heart to Heart. 32 
London Rd. Tw 
Middx 01-892 SCSI, 
mrasstawu. ciwhp Con- 

floentui docuiamts denvsrvd in 

Uw UK a nd Eu rope. EaL 10 

years. Tel 0279 20306. 
ra mS HWr . Low or Marriage. 

AS ages, arena. DanBne, Dap* 

■Q16> 23 AMnodon Road. Lon- 

don WO. Tel: 01-930 *0*1. 


I pry director Boro Melbourne 
vMMng London, ta keen cam 
Buyer Of csxeUent worfcaof art 
by prototoeni Au 
past and pnocnL name write 
airmail to Andrew Ivanyi QH- 
Icnea. 36B Toerak Rd. South 
Yorro 314*. 



School In South Aiasey street 

1926-7 a Heemnem school 

1 977-0 or a MBe Ozanne-s Fin- 

ishing SchooL Paris. >929-30. 
Please Reply to BOX D31. The 

Tunes. P O Box iW.Vrpna 

StrccULondon E 1. 

Pesos. BooLcase etc *Pre 1900 

lunuiunc. TeL 01-686 0148 or 

01-228 27X6. 



London's Iradtnr aseciaH in 

new and reMOfto. iUW. tor 
me Urges! genuine x lection 
avaUBMe. 30» Hlghgate IM- 
NW&. 01-267 7671. Free 


•UfTHNER on at 
Grand. Rosewood ease no 
66226. Compfeu re-coodtam 
1970 For som oy auction 18ft 
March In North OaOs. TeL- 
0782 261611. 

London's Hums spaculHt to 
new and restored ptonaa fa- the 
larges! genuine sHe c nna rad 
sue. 303 HigtmMe Rd. NWB- 
01-267 7S71 Free caMogu# 
Uimn WARD 5H 6 

117943 SCtlUB MX 1 AUQUOL 
Man rosewood. Used Pro cham- 
ber concern. Move forces saK 
E3-230COO. TeC 0902 812006. 
RH H B im Concert OTaroL No 
00202. rose w ood 
pMety rvconamoned. 1963. 
£6 GOO Tel 0272 B73423 
wahtui tTAlmanw by W V 
Barnes. 19301 E46a Tel: 
042673 6866 
Htudwoon. watoat. Offer* 
over *2.000. Tet 0742 23026 
HiP PEN PIANO for sale 
hlafk lacquer. £2000 aao. 0272 



i Relief by body might 

i Home & Hospital Models 
i Proven relief for thousands 
of suffered 






Backswfng UK Ltd., Lectori House, Lake 
Street, Leighton Buzzard, Beds. LU7 8RX 
Tefsphona: 0525 383100 (24 hours) 


★200 PIANOS* 




Albany Street NWl. 

Teh 01-935 8681 

Antony ptaea. BE 16 

Tel: 01-854 4517. 

of EMbHI finest 17U1 and 

18 th Canary rapbcn nartturo. 

Solid Mohoaony. EnoPah Oak. 

Walnut and roarmiry- 
NcttMbcd. Coton. (0491) 

OI2296390TMR T0HE6 (1814- 
19881. am roreeane an 
original Issue, dated the vary 

day Uw were born. C 12 AC. or 
3 to r SStastO. Plus free l«6crs 

Ttmea ft greetings card. TeL oi- 
486 6304 or 0492-33146. 

12 ft wide 
dnesd front £22 
£9^0 M Vd. Chancery < 
97/99 derhanweti 8 " 
Eta. 02 406 0453. 

FINEST ttuatity wool • 
trade Prices and 
avaOstoe IOC's 



We have befceto tor there and all 
theatre and sports. TeL- dSI 
3719. 637 1715. AU 

acene 27 x 23 tortics and satimg 
23 X 21 metes £300 
each. TdahM 01-722 4996. 


lion. Winter Slump Sale. Save 
ere , and order now. 0626- 

SuriMM Exp. Chess. Lea mm. 
AH theatre and sports. 821 
6816/aaH 0496 


ToL 021 6616/8280496. 

LO / Visa / (knars. 
SIATPMBERS Any «mri nc 
rw. Covent Gdnu StaTOohl E» 
01-828 1678. Motor credit 


FULL LENOIR Saver tat coat 
stte 10 - 12 . unwanted ton. nev- 
er wont. £4.000. 01-286 7960 
rtkNA /CHEETAH Trie* tor; rote 
nearly new. 01 278 6127. OI 
833 2921. 


dealers. OI 878 6666 



lated articles wanted. Oi 229 

REOENCT C. 1020. 6 chairs. 2 
carvers. Excellent candUan. 
£10000 ana TSLOI 4800069. 


m/t. as* to Share cotMOrnw* 
house and garden. Chase as 
omrnZMs. £80 pw ♦ Hite. Rets 
essential. Tel OI 764 6106 (Oi- 
ler 9om) 

CHY PROP, sped 26 seeks tondlo 
or 1 bed rut or share to 
SW3/G/6arros far 3-4 roanths 
starting mid March. Up to £70 
pw. PMase can 221 303. 

CfcAPHAM 2 rrre Ipe Uw C/H 
H«. Huge dM no. bub cW ISO 
pw. Lpe rm roc 1 £66 re^hc 
BOM. cleaning. TeL 01-720- 
1076 altar 6 pro 

FULHAM Prof M to toiaro Ipe flat ( 
alternative rm for l mth fr is 
March ! IO tntos tube. £38 me 
cxcl. 01-406 9641 B&. 381 
3440 nr 7 pro Home. 

0TH. NER. nr Mho. hoc. cJl. 
large O .TL Odns tennis. Frara 0 
Aprfl. Lady Grad - AD maditaea 
A oat droned. £76 p.w. into, or 
moo/tn nepot. 01-609 «73a 

01-341 9I1S. 

CLAPHAM Protesstonto M/F. 
N/6 to share coroftoatoetae A 
pdn. O'R. £46 pw Into. T«L Ol- 
223 0070 (after 630 gnu. 
FLATMATES Selective Sum 
Well estab Introductory ses 

313 r 

family house. £36 p.w. 

Tel 01-706 9670. 

ehore not wBIt 3 others. O/R 
£110 pem exto Tel 740 7770 
after 6 pro. 

S7N. MEM. nr ttote. lux. CA. 
terpeO/R Gdne tends. From 6 
April Lady Onto. £75 p.w. or 
mon/fri negot 01-689 4730. 
m RAKER «T. Prof Fhmale to 

flat. Own roam. 36*. N/S. Dog 

lover. £44 pw. 01-262 8367 

NL Pror M. 20*. N/S. tor quiet 

tuxary pda house. Mon to Frl 

baste only. CH. O/R. £40 pw 

OXCL 01-262 6306 
US. F. R/Si o/r. 20-26. DM A 

PK Baa 8 mm. ch. video etc. 

£40 pw. " ‘ 


n.s 23+ O'R to l«e lax rut nr. 

tube * BP. £i66pan exto. Tto 

01-676 2564 eves. 

WHEN* DU O/H pMlteS 

nr ndte 20s-30s N/S pref. No 

shrs. £66 pw Uto. WTsoao 493 

3222 (W). 741 Z780 MJ. 

N -S share lax hse. O/r. £80 

p.w. eaei 730 8646 uto 23. 
H U HE HRX 802* Prof F store 

tore* house- O/R. £4Cfcw toe. 

-TU: 01-274 2792 
FVIMft Female o'r to comf ort 

aue flat near station etc. £40 

pw no. 01-789 7930 
SWl 7. Tidy pro f. own bed /bath 

In Mmlty bouse. N/S prof. £20C 

pan. Td672 8260. 

SW1S. Pnd M. to share taxon 

house, own Ipe room. £40 pw 

223-6101 after 630pm. 

(WO prof? n/s lux flat. o/r. too* 

tube. toCpw roc. OI S7J 1402 

Mtif to share large 2 bed ro cen Bat 

nr. tube. Pfl 01-748 8036 Alter 



let. Pro! F pref. CH. CHW 
£240 pm md 672-9666. 


cental pled a IdH.'laiM tit. 

2/3 toonlhS. 01-809 6983. 

FULHAM . Short MO DetitoiOOS 
ana maaous 3 bed how. Fuuy 
rum. Cknc W wee. sun 3/« 
t people 4 months CO. let 
pw into, tol 380 4071. 
news house. 2 

bedims, parktoft. Oiert/lcDg let 

C2SO p.w. are 01-236 3402. 

LAPSE room in dMna wefl 

eqnaed not unto raid June. 

£130 pta. exto. 01-228 8682. 

central London from £326 pw. 
Rtag Town Hx Ante 373 3433 

Kensington. Cel TV Mhr s»HL 

Ux. CoUtoghm ApD 373 6306 

ST MIRES WL Luxury 2 bed 

folly furnished sen sed apt nr 

park. OI 373 6306 m. 

H3 Madam 2 Bed F1*L New ly 

Furnished £12S pw TeL 01 

247-4641 or Ol 743-9420 


SW3 Braid new ffa. 08 
tod. fans, K & B. £150. 
VQ SBrisrt end mm tto 
lor CoTz toes. lEtep, tab. K. 
3, MOO. 

wii fannif muse, moped 
pre, 3 too, 2 rasp. K ffa 
+ ftOo & roof taw*. £350. 
SWl L« 3rd ftr Ba.4 tods. 
2 meo. K & 2E «c CH 

s am. 

01-589 5481 


The largest 

of snart- 


fUrnbbad and toaui servloa for 

unsenrtced tor teop Wts. Budget 
dr luxury, s ufla bte for Coaopte 


35 2412 


Unfura bourn wtm grady 
gartfo. 4 beds 2 Beths. 2 
recap, mod IdL £600 pw. 


S paci o u s om door flat with 

Uft and power. 4 beds. 2 
baths, cloak. 3 
UAnsk. 0660 pw. 

01 581 8025 



aelaeflo n 

of psraorMBy Mpsctatiiur- 

ntonod and unfumMnd 

propsrflos In many Up RoN- 
dentiai dtatrids. ranging 
from £150 pw to £2,000 pw. 

Tel: 01-486 8826 


summ srfrsr stna 

BMP tee omact ate tow gotf R 


UUOM M Itr to 0 stiiiswro tits. 

3 bes. ttok. as dew. m«e 

EndMntlH » Oti a psp locptoL 3- 


Newly dccomtod aound floor 
fbt m the heart o f Ksnsngran 
ettenng spartan 8cconmio > 
Oatiart Db!e end 2 sgl belli, 
dating rm. sitteig rm. modem 
kit and bath. AvaiaWe now fw 
long Co let £200 pw. Contact 
Anna Howfeer 

Marsh ft Parsons 
01-937 6091 

81-949 2482 
SE5. Townhse wufl dec & 
fum. 3 beds. 3 recaps, gaa 
CH. Long let £185 p.w. 
SW 18. Supwb famdy hse. 

dec Stum to very Ngh 
DS. 5 bedt 

dart. 3 raccos. 5 beds. 2% 
baths, gas CH 

7ge. £400 



Bright A spacious 1 bod 
tto. Loe balcony. Wei mam 
Hock. Ltf etc. Long let 
£150 uw 

SW5. Preskoous apart- 
ment overtook*^ gflns. 3 
beds. 2 baths, trge larmat 
toning mi. Lge tat AI mo- 
ttoiee. £420 p.w. 

cioiH 3 bed tamdy hse. Gos 

CH sriitm eesy^corTsmrbng 

o> central London, 

Detached wefl hm (emiy 
hse 4 beds, dose lo at 

emenWee. Easy eomnuang 

to central London, 

CHISWICK, W4. Smart 3 
bad Vd tamiy ha# ki con- 
venient location £225 pw. 

MfEBTUM CH snidto 

£296 pw. rat en 

bed room pent h e ns . Mins, 
walk to the etty. Recep/dintoo 
room Fully fBtnd HL LUIS. 
Entryphone. Underground 
porting. 2 loe. b tocoa ys. MOO 
pw. TetOI 244 9977. 

t often 2 bdrm 

Commuo tor tee min 1 year, 

Fuuy otted xn. lpe reeep. COL. 

due gtozro. 6 mtea emensiek 

£140 pw Tel: 01-676 1144 

3 mo. k 

and b. any tat Also W3. Fab 

luteh house. 2/3 reeep. 01 

ku /break, machine*. 6/6 beds. 

2 Bon n, pdn. Mustenm. bofh 

£278 pw RM. Ol 370 2037. 


A exet u om 

noag eemna 

ns. ror atten 

ring 01-930 3426 

dio rat gordan tr 
cororortaUe. spaaoia. ouleL 

Core pony let. £ll(tow. 710 Ol 

£Z75pw (normally aao). to- 

ere unj te mat. High raHbre i 

bedasrvload IteL TV. Aytetfocti 
& Co 361 2366 

A Co have a large selection of 

ftels and houses ereUaCMe for 1 

weep , troro £inopw. 499 

gre eter Osxfe&ny. OMNn your 
fnmttare for sbOR er low versa 
ms ca o«r urudoe hire swvice- 

JgbR SM Oootrocts 1*6 Tto 
Ol 408 0616 

rated 7ft Itoor Oet bi end bkk 
with Ml poster and te a R . a 

Thames. 1 both. wc. good ml 
OS ML 6 nms pha. £500 pw. 

OM In superb position (2 stone 
Harroou. 2 here gating rm. 
dtntog haC. null aoutp KZL bazn 
rm. Avab tang Co tel £300 pw. 
, Ol 0B1 2216 

.. _ C22BPW. 493 


■attahi wn. uk Mb rm 

partly serviced. 124 3 btoma 

avati. £200 - £800 pw toe. Mta 

1st 4 

Ol 491 3104. 

market Co Lto tor 1 yrX140 
pw. 24 a 7366 

bednn. roepe auxty. Icac, re 
£180 p-w, Phone 01-373 2169 
er 01-362 0246 

1 yr. £126 pw 244 7366 
CONTACT OS 0 you wmM 
very boto san c ti o n of am 
Oats and houses to London. 
Ooratten c a ntoantin a. Tec en- 
244 7366 Tstex 910964. 
superb 3 bed 
lpe reespte. bsaobfol antote su 2 
baths. 100 * mu-den. £338 pv 
CD let only. 01-431-1641 06 
HHR MIIM, ML. Brimn. spa- 
cloia 2 tedrro flat close to 

HartrnrSL Large reap. LL ML 

btofk m. story phono Co tel 
only. £176 pw. 244 7386 

3 both. 1 

years £ 16000 . PA Lapse 
ptu end curtains for sate. 
2910 £V«S 070-4706 
OV6MOOWMQ Tooting 
moo SWl 2- Superb new 
flat dm NL tuba. 044 C 
bedims, rec. lux k and b, 
parting. £136 P». 709 
quality run a 
Shost and tone 
North /North 

Conunbubd 340 

2 bath. 3 racre pdn. wen ! 
A erntipped. avail knsnsitl 
£980 pern. 01-870 9701 < 
390 2496 

Pr op er tie s for Uw mote 

horaM and dam Cram £i78pw 
guaranteed! 01 486 0741. 
S«1 PMRjm very attractive 

patio. CH A TV. Co lot only. 
£1 IS pw. m 01-028 36S6 
SWl PMfl wn AVB0 MW. 2 bed 
mots. RKto/dxroa. IdL bath, 
utility. CH. BemniBy rare re 
let otoy. £700 pm. Tefc 834 

qutoes luxury Bate and 

from £200 - 01.000 pw. rang 
BurpcM EstattfcAgente 681 Bias 
RRRR 6 RUTHCMOF Cor luxury 
pro p teiteatnSi Johns W006 Re 
genu Pork. Mtodk Vale, tote 
Con A H am pstea d 01-080 7861 

KNWTHTSBRlDCe flate/bousm 
avaitebte now. £100-1X00 pw 
Burgess 01-661 6136 
flat to family his. 2 rare KAb. 
ch, own tel a rrrtos tabs- Cioo 
pw tort (bar MO. 7266012. 
HAMPSTEAD, ta the beset of _«t* 
vtflaoe. Cbantono I bed OaL 
cioo pw me re hw. Neman 
Wtitean A Co. 794 1 161. 

unf/ftirn remay has. 6 be* .0 
bath, a rec- Fun Octette, w. T. 
P. 900 9612. 

HEED it Paat7 Let oor a trenrero 
A 36 start serve you. 627 2610 

wa 2 ao nr Of cn pb Mock. rad. 
recre K * R Co /Hoi lto. 
£1 lOpw. LB 373 4717. 

■SCUFFS ST SHOD. Extreme- 
ly pretty tot Hes ton >d 1st Door 
flat, i bed wtot baft an tote* 
paths let £100 pw. 244 7356 

mews boost. 2 bed. 2 bath, 2 
reeep. tong/sbart let. csoitow. 
Alien Stoto * Cp 499 1666 
ST JOHNS (ROOD Fas furnished. 
Nr. tube- 1 bedirxxn fktotet for 
1 year. £120 pw. Comp tel pref. 
AstWfloOL £86 PW 0001-221 
1309 IE} 937 8666 
berate ItvBig rm. nsw 
kU /diner, batartn. toiwr/rteak. 
CH. £230 PW. 0464 414329. 
STUWO FLAT or Staene Soosre 
FonusheA Cp ml £600 pan 

•XCL Tto: 730 C222 (1 pm - 4pm 
Mem - Prf> lor viewing. 

flat 2 

■ART1B. An expertrorod rtwto; 

tw to tore* emi tototoW" 
Royaa care CWtfl 
8103/4 dOrtsg oince hoore 



AppUcanoiB are invited forth* P ost ot Riraar rf 
the above school which wffl bccoipe vacant” 
the end of 1986 oa the reUnsaent ofUieprwe™ 
Bnraar R is the Intention of the P*"”** 8 ” 
make an appohitinant during the summer term. 

Further JnfOnnaBah may he oWainedhy written 
application to:- 

TIn Sscratanr to th* Cmaera, 

SL Edward’s S dwft 
Oxford 0X2 7Mt 


to work as p»f* <rfa tram in so exciting new develop- 
meat of lesktenaal flats. Work wfll be vsned. 

to end Aftd- Applicants most bold a current UK (farv- 
ing licence. Apply in writing to Sally Collins. 77 Palace 
Court, London W2 4JE 01-243 1383/6 



We are a major brskar of 
Arad*) swvlcre B you 
ai# aoed 2 S+ and commer- 
etofly expolemd. our 
exetustv# training cnukl 

niouiti you into a resiKted 
profestionto rasm aandlag 
outstanding earnings. 
Strocmred pro r a ntlon s 
tvteed on results wffl 
groom you ftr msiagstal 
n^onsfbllly- A inWttntn 
ludfvtchwii of Integrity and 
wtt should con tact: David 
CsnpbeU on 01-493 4003- 



Dy usmic , . .. 

ate urgently required by 
co far inier sedm and rated 
posmoot. AppUaao amut be 
coueiemiosK sdf asmicd and 

wefl spoken. Age 21-25. 
C*B Juhe 2&3 


S atoc thr p 



two trainee brokers til top 
fhvrivhu brokerage. Tbo 
successful appBcants must 
be 23+ . Above average In- 
come wbflst tndntng. 
rung steeply- Must be of 
respectable app — n ra . 


Due to oor mra toi s i we ne- 
auire p Fnnthhad Leftiog 
Negotistor. MUM be Bvtoy 

Please wrne at the md. 
Quraubi Oontoanthie. 370 Carls 

Court Ro 



redundonl tototim td wei 
trochsre or recent gro doto re are 
reuulied to be groftotoasmtiy 
tmUMd in ■ rewmtono caresr in 
the fkuncite sector, tolerated 

Ralph Downs OO 01-387 0070 
or M tos hrater tor Pur r sport 
«n 061 072 4016 
1904 wfll be the sane as 1906 
nnteM yoo «o soroethtog shout 
6 Were onto a wuhmt yon 
could be to- co s 01-727 ness 
or 0036-23226 


iPsn 1 ofthelPM 

to the tor 

■omnI oncer you w® 

to Wl. WP trstiting offered, 
boors 1630636 £8-8600 pro 

rare Ctol Lyn Certl of 8ecratar- 

tes Plus on Ot 377 8600. 

typing Loam abort ssod 
shores omflti oSTtoOft i 

£HO pw. Tet 01-767 4176 
fflimS COTTME. £460 pw. Mod 

3 bed. 2 bom town hse. Fir Hob- 

day ton. Co lto Only. Ottrn 
avaflatoe. A-CJRJ- 686 8811- 

moperties to central and pnms 

London area SlBO/ISJOOOrrw. 

WANTED Ry 2 Prof /rap « - 2 

bdnn 01/hse to SW/W 4S ore 

Max rcrt more. C*a jalta - 

491 IBS day 684 4863 era 

lege 111 £130 pw HELEN 

WATSON 000 6276 outo. sttSpw. omen aa 

« rare 687 2610 ‘ ' 

and Utob. CH md. Co lto. £200 

PW.Ttol KJ3 01 370 2037. 

EARLS CT SMS. Brand new 1 

bed potto flaL t mto Irani tube. 

Long tet Alls pw. 244 7303. 

zaxtzndi 4 bed . a —n era ok. 

ouuoo> tube, etoopw. om- 

en 01-^7-2610 ii e mt io rewra . 

Luxury newly 

8400 pan. Tto: 01-301 9068 

WUHP07EADI 2 bed ore no bllte. 

washar. child rtL TV_ £130 

pw. 627 8610 H c gn to octe tere 

HANDY TURO I bed gtotien 

conv. 8 bads. 8 bafts, vato rec 
Highly rec £27® pw. Nathan 
wihoa * Ob. 794 1161. 

PUTNEY. FuBy m S/C i 

Inra/dto. k A 6 ch. Odns. CD UL 

£96 pw. TM 720 6218. 


dbie Deft, pertdm. 4uwL newly 
tee Co let. £878 rev. Tto: 402 

we specialise In ranting onto fly 
furnUMd homes. Try us. 
Kuans 837-7368. 

botoos in Ml are®. 

Hunter A Co 837-TJ66 

PUTNEY SmS. 3 bed bouse 
close u Rner. Company let, 
£278 pw. KMIHgfr 70S 2122. 

mJMSIVN ARraerawy tototoeo 

town boose . to mUa 
cuy/wesand. targe recapuon. 

wgB C Vui PtiM HKhawdUMT. 2 

aotibte b crto um s ft 
touillo/slnay. small gsedeo. o B 
street porting. £176 pw. Tel 
Halcyon (0430} 67091. 

SWtSN COTTAGE. Owners regrrf 

temporarily leaving (evW 
home located to atari bl Tim 

house odsn sgodous wefl pro- 

portioned o ctree wtui 2 recaps, 
a ocas, and garage. All mod 

amenities and b right de cor . 6 

mins only £200 pw. 244 7306 


not flaB.t io uoea up lo £BOO 

pw. Usual lies rec Pumps 

Kay ft Lewis. South ol Ihc Pork. 

Chobea office. OJ -3S2 8111 or 

Norm of me {tort. Regenrs 

Bark oukc. 01-722 0136 

LAMCA0T8R SATE. 3rd floor 9 

Mortal Close tube. COM £105 

PW.ine CM/CHW. Ol 930 3426 

LAROC 4 ttodroomed noose hss 2 

aotm.3netpta.. £lsopw„eOr- 

era 687 2610 Hotoclocatars. 

i JLS.A s rad Oats. Langriteart 

Kg W. T. P. 936 9616 
H»f l 2 Ate bcdsiteL own ms. 

tee-jyw £47 pw. Oftro s loo. 

KWl 3 befttiOBM n« noer tobe. 

ohaoe. £98 p»»' .o n en until area. 

627 2610 Hotntoocatora. 
FEBft-TIM ■» Wl. OutlnBr 

lacaieo 1 bed flaL hat off Ox- 

ford SL £190 pw 34S 7386 

2 bed. OCH. Aron 16 Hr. Co 

let. £170 PW. 714 01 070 9216 

kugnff lux rtotob 2 bed flaL All 

KmitngmH CoiTV TAhrxwtid. 
ttx. Couugnam Am 873 6306. 
IT JAMtt SWL. Luxury 2 bed 
fully lura i s tirt serviced «X nr 
Dark. Ot 573 6306 m, 

»T JAMTf lux most tun Maao 
OaL k ft to WL avail imroed. 
£120 pw all tort. 437 7516 
■W3 off Ung* Rom. ctunrap 
one ted flaL mt ft porter. £1 So 
aw toe. GCH/HW. 937 9681. 
WW Extremity Ips 3 ted matwn 
etla. very mroetivtoy fin. Co 
Lot. £290 pw. 604 7B64 
•W 2 batroomed naL rrcepL CH. 
phone. £78 pw. Qthero too epsn 
7 days 627 2610 Hera lit Piters. 
cists flats ft bses to cami Lon- 
don. Samuel A Co 7M 6006 
tea. Top floor S/C 1 bod. I roesp 
rot to charming boose. £100 
pw tort- 01-727 1116 
1*8. Luxury I rale bednn flat nr 
itibo. Co lto or vtsbon. £1 10 pw 

na , oi 7 41 B29?, a.m 

WL ATTRACTIVE Sbarhwi* fuftr 
font 1 bed flaL £180 pw. 080 
9842 after lpm m 
NL Luxury mews, lae i cc en . 3 
Mrou. 9 bs ti i rms . util no. 
£276pW. Co IM. 229 4413 m. 
Wm 1 bed flatlet, rerept.. phone, 
own kit- £70 pw., others . 627 
2610 Homtoocatora. 

01-377 6433 IA4VL 



Cbcafte and wtol tortt on pro- 
dan with ra osrm s pl * tyrtM 
. ocedod by Lure Oom c* 

rimiar. Bray OH Ol 681 002*, 
168 BNBPtiO Rond. 8W6 

C0UJB« ««««/ STOg£ 




«was cottaoe. Mr te- 
MRS, 2Spt fMPt. 

roiwrosw 2 Seam. Bbr/wc. 
UKOja/On. bom Ml ift 

Sad RLsS^^raTodL tiKL 

01-499 5334 

Spectacular malsooee#. 
Ktr^ file tmteflpdatog at *9» 

row qfflCnflv 


Break tail Room, o Beo-| 
rooms. 3 BMhnWO 
CJoakroom. Cl^OOpw. 


Pretty garden floor Oat I 
with ctMtodUtatiog (Ww.| 
necention. Kucnen. I 00*\ 
Bedroom. 2 Shtifle Bed-1 

rooms. 2 Batbn 

C36PQW negotiable. 

^,01-629 6504^ 

„ L . | with Ms 

PA/admudsmcor you wffl b a-' 

conic Bnehto B> B» fjy 

world. 80/60 Skate 

«Bd on *A‘ level silucstk in tort 

late of tsUdtve wtoto Ptoase 

SpSme 01-240 3661 (Ot «or 

01*8003631 /3SH (West End). 
- Hurt 





079 2000. 

CUISMOtM CoonOy House Ha- 
tes remans Oa to bus In 
family run batsL Ownargnf. 
entile. Rmo 0286 7*337 


travel _ 

wort as PA. JrtteflWBi 01-444 


April Tto 048 632 326. 

Nrwty decorated HpbLNrlgM 
Penthouse FML 

2 rate beds, l egie. ws 
bathttn.. nets. Mb fid U. 
A large poorer ntoto. AvaB. 
now lor Crimps uy tef onto 


Spectacular maesoneoe. 
ideal for culei irttno at se- 
nior executive level 2 
Receptions. KUtten. 

'Broauau Roo m.. S B ed- 
rooms. 3 BaOrfu 
Cloakroom. SH£tOOpw- 
Pretty garden Boor Bat 
with co-ordinating drtor., 
Reception. KUtteu. 1 DM#j 
Bedroom. 2 Single Bed- 
rooms.. 2 Bathrooms. 
C 3 a 0 pw negotiable 


We currently &*re » »» 
bar at atony it te m M 
and totttrt 2 taf on 
tn mis pmtose MW nock 
ewe to HW* Pw»- The 

-nstfrts iraw hum mm . 

£360 JHfr Mdl pnd ttv 
cmdeaB gxs Add elrtWcRy 
and ftdMBtroxa * W*49 l 

AvxflaMe now for lone C# 

tecs. Conttct 

01-221 3339. 



chosen swx iMgWui 

iuusg does lo HbtkJv 

Recra ftwing «ao. Pft c. 

ST JAMES' StTL Chanreng 
b«u Pousa ta quwt merci 
teraeftvfr raoBjf *«P. 
Smfoond KMfti 2 ** 
_ beta. bsft. CSJOpw. 

|- SWL Brtctft rwNfjf crarar- 

letf T booftet CX9S8 B 01 

auesraa . Bpcsp. ko, Mh. 


. MV ^ 

tuff un? fandty 

iWA throw 

Irtm Horrod. 6 beds. 2i 

rerore m UL JStunu. pgr 1 

te Lei WN 

arrmmwr. on 
Luctisnbgp unntoohsprtj 

prMnq 4 WU. dOir IW. A* 

Uiil K won. Atod nowj 

re NM Co let D» re 

Newly OKanM fur, 
■rotted OM to MSB Kml 

wtob 2 4Hr bsdt. rcm. nu 

tat a both. Aiofl now wrf 

Mto Co. Lei. £836 pw. 


tucvns. 1 1 id. rartlmCL 
peWx E375jto Td 7Z7 7227. 


I fire tfercn dnsmd 
Nms n a pnoB estitt. Ehie 
aspect reap +■ ftnea m. .5 
towly bedora, 2 irami 1 1 

U rm. 

E425pw. fet 72? 7W i. 


BeantANy potportMied iMm 

Hr «i the bMrt ol CMHE Eta- 

Bssarres 1 

t sn. ZFSOpm. let 22S 1972. 

T Anscombe 
■ &Ringland 





Bwtmrtand needs a cook/- 
teo u to k teP te . Meal age 36/40. 
Start April. Salary £12O0w. 

CMk Domestic Apy. 7B New 
Bond Strew. Urtw W1Y 
POD. T*01-*99 8140 

CflHHEM BLEO Chok temp Air 3 
wte 1160 SB. + O/T to £6.76 
lor rerotitoouB Crty Co. 

Btootaria (Acyl 
VIA for 

Experienced cooks ra- 
ortred tor pttvsla vtiteg Must 
be 22 *. drive, bold ranking Ot- 
ptoma. Job d rtrtkm atnar «B 
se e s o n ®tov -September) or 
July/AuguR arty, mag Bastto- 

ra Whyte. Corfu Vmre Ltd. Ol- 

681 0061. 

ECl- Previous er p er i sfKT is •»- 
- ", cCT.OOO pe far 40 Mr 

P s ra on Friday tor oratnan of 
SWl. Blast have 




281 0216. 

COUPLE, reortrsd for . BAD. 
Cook /Housekeeper told 

Drtvcr/GwdtoMr tor North 

£200 a. W. I 


2-3 a tlerooqas busy Wcto EM 
Estate Mrts 01-437 9131 . 




379 8014 

BB6 0691 St Mtotin's Lane. 

WC2 fljetoeotnr Sa tubw. WB- 

ttem H urt to ARM OF THE 

1 36. 3A8. 0 . 1 a SMC Uc Bar. 


2730) ARNES OP SCO <1 BL Srt 
progs DaUy 2- to. 6X30. &4Q. 

1930 61111 Mo 930 

4260/4209. A CHOROB UNE 

(P03 In TDmm. Sen progs. Doan 

open Daily 1 Ja aacl 8.00. AB 

MARR Lg ARCH (729 

20111 COMMANDO <181. Sep 

moss Doors Open DoBy 1A(L 

4 . 0 a 6.16. 8.30. nedored 

UB40 boUteS. OJLP.N. 


3694. VIHEETWBE (10X 3.00. 


936 27 72. <» MT REAUTWUL 


706. 9. 10, 6to 11.10. (2) LET- 

TER TO RKQOIEV (10. 2^40. 

00a 7 oa goo. art ii.10. 

CAMBER PLAZA 463 2443 (OPP. 

Camden Town babe) (Mart 

DETECTIVE (UL Fflia 41 1.00. 
300. SOO. 7.00. 9.00. 

901 -5743 

Stoana S 41 DEATH Ml A 

too 300 600 7.00 9001 


13 march Tom Hines ta 

ECHO PARK <161 Film at 1.00 

2.00 600 7.00 900 ADVANCE 

BOOKING test Eve part new 

BHto 499 3757 Coral fflewne. 

lan Ho lm to Dennis P04Mr^ 

mMBND (PO) Ftkn al 

2.00 (Nrt Sun) 4.10, 620 ft 

AnsreWl. 01439 4800 FM 

OtiJ 2*ftr 7 day CC 240 7200 

(Bkp FM) KinnsawaN RAH 118 ). 

6ro (torts at 1O0 (Not Bum 

4 JO. 0.00. Scots al £4.00 bkflle 

» advance ae aa pans. 

BATE C0BMA, NgmngUI Gale 

727 4045 newto renovated. 

new luxury seating, Doflry 
■Wi HUl (IS) 

■term. Kurosawa's . . 

2.18. 430. &0O. 9.00 L. Night 

Fri ft Sai 11.16. Advanced 

Boofcftgs. NO ittemberabto. 

930 62S2 (£601/ BSO 1789(24 

hour Access/ Visa BookfDBil 

ROCKY W (PN) in TOftIM. S*P 

prog* Dafly 1280 380. 010 

88a AU Pros Bnmnnlf In 

8trest. Wl . 629 6176 BNHMNIto 

Until 11 Ap«a M OP-FH 980] 

— RR^^ra r m M 

nrty Itten ftfwd 1 banroesn Ore 
W rtWn i s Klrw to taenry 
Uodc. Company rl 01-460 

bun Orem. EC2- 01 * 30 1 
4141. Until 27 Apric ART A I 

TPS, looking sc time and Cbe | 

4U> *UMM to laodsra 1 

Aden £180 am 73o- TnasOat 


0 spd. 20000 mure Exriaond. 

tow wheels. Sun roof. Meet 

wtodpws, stiver ms<- 
9p4te*/g*te, £0998 ano 

Tet Ol 994 6477 x 177 (day): 

01 362 2301 (evert 

: art, 30 ferae sl 

SL James's SWl. 839 3942. 

JOHN 0ELLARY - IV con i Patnt- 

topssnd wa tacukiuis . Unrt 27 

March. Moo-FTt 10880 


3 CUM SL Wit 01-437 

ley. ton. TtnUXL H ovrem. 

MaOren. IMBcka. Koran, 
zotxnovrc. Ste en Man-FTt 1M, 
Sal 11 -nan 

toro cars. Choice of 2. Aag "82 
rad Dec >81. £iaaoo and 
£16.900. Both one setarortre 
F8H. TH: Ol 009 21*9. 


China* Swertfly 

tontcal s ro a uu etc by date 19 th 

century Canton artH. cxruni- 

tion 3 rti-22na Mata lOren- ) 

titan 1 weekdays) lOam-lpm 
(aa s rerawB Creato g oe avail 

£ 7. 34 Buy Strew. Sl Jama's. 

Choice of 40 Hbak^ere 

£4990£19JX». CM 19 1 Ntoa. 

PX Trt 01-004 9083 Brerans 

London SW.I. CO I 839 3731 >. 


- r,7Cnf 

IS. Wl. 029 6878 I 

Marling Ptaea. 

TRAITS. Until 10 May. Arts. 

Free Mto- Ftr 104 Sat 104. 




01-965 7714 

Hnguai Havre PKradMp 01-734 

Opta 1M daily tort. Sunday (r» 

ducsd rote tomday mdfl 1.48pm 

ait miid on £3. K2 tea. 
MMMMB ADS4. £1 80/£l Da 
C.C. booking 01-7*1 9999. 


"2S" S nu 5 <* br- 

wand LkL. wbrea wa n 


r UL£ri5Xi orl 

jSt‘i94S-19B 6. 

/Sto Frre WU 01 IMH. 

2-6.00, imbM Into- J 

Qi-321 Tiaa. I 

Constantly pursuing Hire Brm 

ciowi L n or nro. wrenn ate 
m to emsar ywnrtor w . 
¥* pre pa r ed to 

wiuiw royoa u> to C 10 OOO. 

nnmco^ci Mr jeaapb^um 

at the Ontatan how^ 

014 March. Trtj01-«e 


Mftrt OUT dr AFWOA. <1 at 
Ditto IjOOl 4.10 7.4 0 Fri /Bat 

"t!l0 Ttehris. P nnkaN . Cor 


Kunreroi rt4ml». WW 

HBL props l. O 04fl0 T8O. FH- 
Srt 11.10 W 

Access/ VISB. oca I 

UMM TO SArt ms Career trt, 

Tnc Kent Banna BrimoL Breure 

btxury yaotis Hr 6 day 
creawi fiVA approved) to 

ft Bc toi om s i te m m 


£170 For arao iui a 

RAROCAH HALL 620 9796^0 

~ .Sf EU.“S5S 


ARSTLL 7 rouaaee by 

areev 2 - 12 . ran. imq, 

fHWAft. (00806) 906. 


mri Staon tarn *nh tfos 

ftaMH WraM 7ft flr obs- 
santttK. 2 vs 

. 3 beds, t ta 2 
M. 2 Mta. gMfeAL 
£325 04. 


PWBtourt W * OH mOi M tlh 

rates Undeond Pad ora. LM 
face Uh. hdn. 3 Beds! 

roof wrace _ 

2 roceps. ht 3 datas decks. 
£425 94 

722 5135 


HUM MK flirty 1 

■ ■tiWitl 

kn aMkan.gsarea 
vri CRi.4 tomr MM BW- 
morr paimrevriMr.' CBB 9* 

UL date U dnpi rt nangart. 1 
wiw rt, H rt tie y 
BDDfSf ST MD tarty osage « 
pwk cam M Ortra Coen. 3 



EAUHO 3 bod PS ground floor 
nre cm hum. sen wc. CH. 
pads £09.900 401/ 993 0991. 



■ ■ ' » M ' i . 1 1 U i ii 1 1 1 1 • 



to be bew on Weonnday. 
26U1 March 1980 at lb* 
Huron Hotel WNU Reomc 
dren. at 280 pjn. 



2 .T 0 receive and adort ate 
Repon of the Managing D* 
rectors fbr the Qnanriai year 
I960 - 

lto rervtve and adopt the 
Annua! Accurate for me 
financial year 1980 
4.To determine the op pre ur - 
attan of the PTOfU. 

0To ccropose me Board of 
supervisory Dereclon. 

» k Jt. Naua wpi rattca by 

■ win b» proposed 10 rertecl 

ti-Aoy other buH w M*. 

Oopli s of the fufl aps n da aod 

of Ike Annual Repon for 

1968 can M qMSSn ed ftom 

Nautmat westmterter Bank 

PLG Stock Office Services. 

3rd Floor. 20 OU Brood 

Sbeei. London EC2N LEJ. 

Holden of Sham Warrants to 

Rearor desirous of aoeadtog 

— - at the 

1 rereee 

Meeting. Vhotdd todpo «wtr 

Shore Warrants By hand 

mortal deliveries whi not be 

accreted tor young purpose*) 

with too National Westnan- 

rter Bank PLC. Slock Office 

Srrvicev 3rd Floor. 20 CNd 

Broad Shore London BC2N 

1EJ iketwsen Uw boon or 10 

»"d 2 BJn.) tn admtt 

for a recetre net toner than 

WrdDCKtay. 19tfa March 

Beoeftrtoi owners Whom 


O' rapos H en with a Bare 

muM obtain ■ CenMcrte of 

Deposit signed by Bio Bank m 

evMonre turn ooch Bank Is 

bokUitp Uw Share Warrants. 

The OerUflrate of Dsbout 

irnm be lodged ogrtnri ee- 

CMM. by tort Bank, wub me 

National tostoMM Bank 

PLC. u accordance wuh me 

rww A re t usstiS stated above. 

The receufl for to# Share 

Worrante. or OtrUflcaK of. 

Oeoortl. wi0 commute evt- 

denro of a MuieMdtei 

enUDe tmiu to attend and 

tee at me Meeting and 

should be ore sea le d at toe 

door ot toe Meottos tteff. fl a 

holder dosins to -asnotol a 

proxy- Who MM AM he a 

roember of too Com pa ny, lo 

attend and Mae in Ms stead, a 

lorm -of snny may be ob- 

totoed- from th* National 

WnMnter Bonk PLC as 

shave and thte form of proxy 

of ft# Meeting HOB UpoUur 

wuh toe receipt ror toe Share 

warrants or. CrrttiKaic of 


Broeflctrt owners of sub- 

■naro Qenincauw nredered 

tit me name cf National Pro- 

Bonk iNoRdnweu 
Limited dearoua of ausmung 

S' represe n ted at tiw 

Movung emrel ohutn a reeeUK 

or Certtflcow of Deposit bi 

»e some way as ho l ders of 

Stare W ar r ant s to Brarcr u 

®*y aeprp n attend me 

Mr rilr >9 m person «r lo oe 

raprweuated mey mud obtain 


5*4Uon*l Provincial Bank 

(Nommees) Lfmlwd. which 

(pro* nnnL bo pnwented as 

jho do or of ihy Meotlng Hoti 

•oorihse with the rsceipl «. 

™*'tw far toe Subidiar# 

Cwtftcuiro or OriHlralr of 

Bnxflciai owm of Sub- 

l h * r *» registered tn any 

name ourer man tool or N»- 

J*nrt Provincial Bank 
i Nominees) Untiled, holders 

S^arrtioiorrs who 


Mend an d vote a t Ue krt - 

hy or to anpow a proxy lo 

Swwteiv, Robeca n,V^ 

om tmu 

Wrdnroaay. 19th 



Orted tote 10 th day 
« March. H0L 

PO Boy B7 S 



* -Sr: ■ ; 


V V. 

0 . 

•> • ■ ‘^'-e - v 



* v 


*•*, *- **• 

i Al'luJ 4UOi «i>iV 

IbMVuil *. \J ~ V J 

S' % 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Deas 
and Peter Davaile 

BBC 1 

&60 Ceefax AIR. 

WO Breakfast Time with Nick 

Hoss and Debbie 

- weather a 

1^3^. 7-55. 8L25 and 
regional news, 
weatharand traffic atfiJ 7 , 
7-27 1 7.57 and (L27; 
h® 4 ®" 3 ! and international 


5^ and 94)0; sport at 
7.20 and 8 - 20 ; anda 

^®wofthe morning 

8-37. Pius, 

newspapers at wr. 
Lynn FauUs Wood's 
consumer report; and 
horoscopes from Russell 

9^0 Ceafax 10^0 Play 

1Z30 Mews After Noon with 
Richard Whflnwre and 
Frances Coverdale, 

Indudes news headlines 
with subtitles 12-55 
Regional news and 

14)0 Pebble Mai at One, 

/ „ 

> : ,V 1 

**»• 5 



ana Mari an Foster. 

Actress Bo Derek talks 
about hBr career and her 
husband, John's, influence 
on it; Maurice Hanssen, 
author of E for Additives, 
gives a guide to 
supermarket stropping lor 
food that is free from 
added chemicals 1.45 
Little Misses and the 
Mister Men. {rj. 

Play It Safe!. Jimmy Savile 
with accident prevention 
advice for children. The 
last in the series (r) 2.10 
Ceefax 3.15 Songs of 
Praise from Gardenmore 
Presbyterian Church, 
Lame. (Ceefax) (r)3L52. 
Regional news. 



Hordern (r) 

Heads and Tails (r) 4.15 

: : ta-s r 

5 v 

Laurel and Hardy . 
Cartoon version. A20 
Jackanory. Wiffiam 
Rushton with part one of 
A JV. Milne's Winnie the 
Pooh (r) 435 
Thumtettords 2086. 

54)0 Newsround with Roger 
Fmn 546 Blue Peter. 
Janet Btis discovers that 
far from being the 
archetypal middle-aged 
cook. Mrs Beeton was in 
fact an accomplished 
linguist and aged only 23 
when she first became 

famous. (Ceefax) 
i m Charge 

5-35 Charles i 



Comedy series about • 
male, teenaged 

8.00 News with Sue Lawlay and 
Nicholas Wrtchell. 


6.35 London Ptus, presented 

<k v 4 


by Jeremy Paxman. 




tonight's guests 
include Peter Cusfwtg. 
Nick Rowe. Gary Wiimot 
and Twiggy 

It’s Your Steve. American 
domestic comedy series. 

8.00 Scott Free. Selina Scott 
meets Marc Effingtori, 
who. in the 1960s, was a 
successful talk singer. In 
1966 he bought a rumed 
Scottish castte and the y : v 

• barony of Towie Barclay; 
five years ago he acquired 
two Aberdeenshire fishing, 
villages. : 

8-30 Dear Join. John is at last 
invited to a party. Bringing 
the bottle is no problem 
but escorting the right 
partner is a different .. 
matter atogettwr. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with Juba Somerville 
and Andrew Harvey. 

9 JO Panorama: France - Au 
Revoir Socialism? 


6.15 Good Moming Britain, 

presented by Anne 
wanwnd and Nick Owen. 
Exerases at 6J0; news 
with Gordon Honeycombe 
ft 6J0, 7.00, 7 JO. 8.00, 

- BJ0 and 948); sport at 

6.35 and 7J4; Derek 
Jamgsonatfi^jcartoOT . 
at7J4;Dop video at 7.54; 
Jimmy Greaves’s 
tetevision highlights at 
» J5; terrapin sanctuaries 
at 8.45; the announcement 
of the winner of the Scots 
• Baby competition at 94M; 
and advice on 
gtaograpwng ba&)es at 


9-35 Thames news headlines. 
3-30 For Schools: tile in Rome 

- during the second century. 
> 9.47 The process of 


making glass' !L59 
Learning to read with Bin 
Oddis 10,11 The uses of 
computers 10-28 Physics: 
experiments on the 
Doppler Efect 10.45 
German conversation for 

beginners 11.08 Maths 
11.22 Junk 

j famines Panorama 

looks back at five years of 
Socialism. The famiBes 
also explain {heir voting 

Intentions at next weeks 
elections and them are 
interviews with a number 

of France’s leading 

10.10 FanuPenrfsslootoKffl 
(1975) starring Dirk 
Bogarde and Ava 
Gardner. Spy thriller about 
a British agent with the job 
ol eliminating an East 
European Bberafion leader 
returning home afterj 
in exile. Dir 
11,45 Weather. 

Junior maths 11.39 
Programme four on Jean 
Anouilh's, La BeBe Vie. 
12410 Tickle on the Turn. Village 
. tales for the very young 
12.10 Let’s Pretend to the 
story of The Wolf Who 
Cried Wolf. 

12J0 Someone To Talk To. 

Michael's story of years of 
drug abuse and his 
rehabilitation at the 
Turning Point centre at 
Suffolk House. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 140 Thames news 
presented by Robin 

1.30 FUm: Portrait of Clare* 
(1950) starring Margaret 
Johnston anaRichard 
Todd. Atthe turn of the 
century, atthe age of 68. a 
woman looks back on her 
three marriages. Directed 
by Lapce Comfort. 3.25 
Thames news heatflines 
3J0 The Young Doctors. 
44N) Tickle an the Iran. A • 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon 4.10 
James the Cat A new 
cartoon series about a 
family cat who is left 
.behind when his owners 
move house 420 He-Man 
and Ma sters of the 
Universe. Animated 
science fiction adventure 
series 445 Dodger, Bonzo 
" and the Rest Drama 
serial set in a chBdren's 

5.15 Comadfan. 

545 News 64)0 Thames news, 
635 He^ri from Viv Taylor Gee. 
6435 Crossroads. Why has . 
Mickey famed down the 
chance of a lifetime? 

74)0 Wish You Were Here.? 

Judth Chakners samples 
_ - . the delights ofRtode 

Janeiro; Shaw Taylor and 
his wife complete their 
. Mediterranean cruise; and 
• • ■ • wheelchair-bound Anna 
Davies visits Canterbury. . 
There is also a report from 


7-30 Coronation Street How 
. _ .wfll Kevin fare when he 

- has to fece up to the truth? 

84)0 An At No 20. Comedy 
series starring Maureen 
- Lgxnan as the widow with 

a mortgage, struggling to 

- -make ends meet . 

8430 World In Action. How the 

villagers of Bradwell in 
Essex are fighting the pfan 
to make the area a nuclear 
(temping site. 

94)0 Taggart The final epsiode 
oftnethfiter andthe 
police get their best lead 
yet when it is discovered 
that the body had been 
kept in the same place as 
pigeons. (Oracle) 

104X1 News at Ten. 

10 JO Film: The Legacy (1 978) 
starring Katharine Ross 
and Roger Daitrey. Thriller 
about an American 
designer and her 
boyfriend who are staying 
at their employer's 
ancestral home in England 
_ with a strange assortment 
of other guests who begin 
to meet all sorts of 
untimely deaths. Directed 
Richard Marquand. 


FRANGAJSE (BBC 22, 8.70pm) 
wlH be unadulterated hefl for 
the Podsnaps of this wortd who 
can find no place in their 
xenophobic hearts for the 

■/•-•T .'choice-;- 

entente conSate. They won’t 

object to the animated postcards 
that show Frenchman 
treading grapes, orrwyfrtdub 
entertainers singing sexy 
songt^ everything else will be 

technotoaicafiy speaking, this 
Horizon film shows 
Mitterrand's France to be so far 
ahead of Thatcher’s Britain 
that you would not think they 
were even running in the 
same race And compounding 
this wounding of our national 

documentary ends with the 
sinister thought that France's 
desire to be part of European 
research and development 
programmes such as Eureka 
could simply be a massive 
French plot to pull in expertise 
from other countries to 
achieve goals that are 
exclusively French; a 
Machiavellian strategy to ensure 
national survival. noTess 

indicates the nature of Mr 
Emery’s brief. 

BENCH (5BC2, 7.30pm)recounts 
the stages by which Kathleen 
Cripps. once a JP, got bitten by 
the CND bug and ended up 
warming her hands at the 
Greenham Common 
campfires.She is a militant if you 
believe that sentiments such 
as " a society built on deterrence 
is a society butt on fees and 
mistrust" add up to militancy. 

o Radio choice: Wally K 


Harry Cress, Ralph Hardwick: 
Qfl Channel 4, at 8.00pm 

pride, is the knowledge that the 
French are streak! no to 

are streaking lor the 
line gripping the batons 


Horizon film is tonight's 
1.9. 30), which finds Fred Emery 
testing the pre-efectoral 
temperature in France .The 
tftie.Au Revoir.Soca/fem?. 

Daly's play A PLAGl 
4,8.15pm), is a blackish satire 
about commercial 

evangelism. Witdly improbable, 
but worth staying with if only 
for its shrewdly engineered 

Peter Davaile 

BBC: 2 


&55 Open University: Maths - 
Inverse Functions. Ends at Ceefax. 

9.15 Daytime on Two: childcare 
and parenthood 9k38 
Course options for third 
year pupils 104)0 For four- 
and five-year ofds 10.15 

story: the early railways 
11.00 How today's 
detectives are trained 
11.22 Thinkabout 11.40 
The techniques and 
hazards of investigating 
drug smugging 1 2. 05 
Ceefax 1235 A history of 
the cotton industry 1.05 
Part tour of a better tennis 
course 1 .38 A play about a 
teenager's search for 
identity 2.00 words and 
pictures 2.13 The 
advantages of owning up 
■ 2.40 Religious studies. 

3.00 Ceefax. 

5*25 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

530 Micro live, lan McNaught- 
Davis and Fred Harris 
speculate on the future 
effects of computers and 
work. With Shirley 
Williams, a director of the 
Turing Institute for 
' Artificial Intelligence, and 
Bob Latin of Standard 
Telephones and Cables. 


64)0 FHm: Dangerous When 
Wet (1 953} starring Esther 
WtfSams and Fernando 
Lamas. Musical comedy 
about a family of 
swimming fanatics arrive 
in Engiand for a cross- 
Channel attempt The 
family honour is at stake 
as one by one ' 

left to 
reded by 
Charles Walters. 

7.30 Open Space: Barred From 
the Bench. The story of 
Kathleen Cripps, the JP 
who was cfismissed from 
the bench for taking partin 
. . a CND demonstration- 

8.05 The Making of ’Origins'. A 
' documentary on how the 
BBC's new science 
spectacular, to be shown 

- - - next week, was made. 

8.10 Horizon: Hi-Tech a la 

Frencatse. A celebration : 
of French technological 
achievement that includes 
the high-speed train; and 
the most advanced digital 
telephone system in the 
- - world. 

9.00 Now- Something Ebe. 
Comedy series starring 

930 JoanRtvereLCan We 
Talk? The first of a new 
series in which the 
American comedienne is 

f guests are Dame 
i Everage, , 

Edna Everage, Jim 
Henson. Barry Manflow, 

and Twiggy. 

11L20 Maestro,. 

of the 

celebrated 'Rockhampton 

Rocket Rod Laver 
dominated the lawn tennis 
scene during the Sixties. 
10-55 NewsnigM includes the 
second of David Sells's 
reports from Paris on the 
French general elections 
11.40 Weather. 

11.45 Tote-Journal. The news 
toni^rt as seen by viewers 
of a Spanish channel. 
12.10 Open University: 
Eurekaargh! Ends at 

2435 Winston Church® - The 
Vatiant Years 4 . Part 17 of 
the history of the Second 
World War. based on the 
memoirs of Winston 
Churchill, examines the 


34)0 The Late, Late Show. The 
Dublin chat show. 

4LQ0 A Phis 4. From 

Wormwood Scrubs, an 
interview with Ken Smith, 
the prison's Writer in 

430 Countdown. The reigning 

champion, Debbie 

ihott, is challenged by 


Margaret Crompton of 
Sprotborough near 

54)0 Alice. The Phoenix, 
Arizona, diner waitress 
reaBses her ambition to 
play the ceDo with a string 

5.30 The 

Living Body. Two 
Hearts That Beat as One 
begins a repeat showing 
of the series exploring the 
inner workings of the 

human body. 

6.00 4 What It’s Worth. The 
first of two repeated 
Energy Specials to mark 
Energy Efficiency Year. 
This programme ex am roes 
how energy In Britain is 
used and misused, 
particularly in the home. 

6430 Every Window TeBs a 
Story. Part two otthe 
series on the history of 
stained glass windows 
examines those created in 
the Middle Ages. With 
Malcolm Miner, a lecturer 
on the stained glass of 
Chartres Cathedral, who 
reads windows in Chartres 
and Canterbury to 
Slustrate how a medieval 
person would have 
interpreted them. 

74)0 Channel Four news 
includes a report from 
Nick Gowing about the 
forthcoming Spanish 
membership of Nato 

7J6D Comment With his views 
on a topical matter is 
retired agricultural worker, 
George Scales. Weather. 

84M) Brookside. Harry arranges 
to meet Madge Richmond, 
the woman who answered 
his advertisement, and 
finds that she is more 
interested in Ralph; and 
Sandra has a chance of 
promotion if she Is willing 
to compromise her 

( Radio 4 ) 

5J5Sara Snipping S-00 News 
Briefing; Weather 8.10 
Farming Week. An 
interview with a leader 

of the agricultural 

for the Day (s) 

64U) Today, ind &30, 7.30. 

830 News Summary 
6.45 Business News BJ55, 
7.55 Weather 7.00, 84M 
News. 7425, 825 Sport 7.45 
Thought for the Day 
8.35 The Week on 4 with 
Laurie Macmillan 
843 lan Skktmore links 

recordings from the BSC 
Sound Archives 6.57 
Weather; Travel 
9.00 News 

9.85 Start the Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

855 Fred Whltsey considers a 
visit to one of the private 
gardens being opened under 
the National Gardens 
Scheme to raise funds tor 

104)0 News; Money Box. 

Financial advice, 
presented by Louisa Sotting 
1030 Mon-ting Story. ‘How it 

Goes' by Jo Gill. Reader 

Sheila Mitcheti 
10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 1)(s) 

11.00 News: T raver; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Tamworth in 

Staffordshire M 

Al Pi 

8J0 Loo Grant The Trib 

launches a fearless attack 
on shoddy raising home 


9.25 Kate and Affie. Comedy 
senes about two old 
friends who decide to 
share one household and 
face single parenthood 

9.55 Conversation Pieces. An 
animated film about a 
conversation on visiting 

far-off lands, (rt 
i fins 

10.00 Survive. The final 

programme in the series 
on the limits of human 
endurance examines the 
prospects of surviving a 

nuclear war. (rl 


114)0 The Eleventh Hour the 
Two Rivers. A film, made 
'm 1984, showing a rural 
man's perspective of 
today's South Africa. 
Narrated by Rashaka 
Ratshttanga. Ends at 

11.48 Poetry Please! Poetry 
requested by listeners. 
Readers: June Barrie and 
Patrick Romer. 

Presented by D J Enright 
124)0 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
1227 Oh. Yes ttrsl The last 
programme in this 

seven-part history of 
oantomine narrated by 
tichard Briers; 'All Together 

Now' (a) 1255 weather 
14K) The World i 

I at One: News 

1.40 The Archers 1.55 

Shipping Forecast 200 
News: woman's Hour. 
Indudes a report by 
Jenny Cuffe on the plight of 
women refugees tit 
Britain. And episode 1 of the 
Aspem Papers The 
reader is William Roberts 
200 News; The Afternoon 
Play. The Hanoverian 
Handicap' byJohnWyke 
with David March as 

George HI and Roger 

the Prince 

Hammond as the I 
Regent (r)(s) 

4-30 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 
Friday's edition. It includes 
items on the Jewish film 
festival at me National Film 
Theatre, and The New 
Revue at the Shaftesbury 
Theatre in London (r) 

5.00 PM: News magazine 5-50 
Shipping Forecast 535 

64)0 The Six O'clock News; 

Financial Report 
6L30 Taka Me to Your Reader 

S tew series) with Tim 
rcofce-Tayior in The Trouble 
With Billy'. With Glyn 
Houston, Eve Karpf. Edward 
Judd and Joe Dunlop. 
Comedy senes about the 
book publishing business 

7.00 News 

74)5 On Your Farm. A second 
chance to hear last 
Saturday's edition 
7.45 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 

8.15 The Monday Play: 'A 

Plague of Goodness' by 


. Daly with Lee 
Patterson, Carole I 


and Peter Marinker. The 
story of an American 
evangelist and how he 
throws the world into 
turmoil (s) 

245 Kaleidoscope.lncfudes 
Items on the film 
Clockwise, and on the New 
exhibition at the ICA 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

‘Bengal Lancer', the 
autobiography of Francis 
Yeats Brown (6). Read 
by Tim Pigott-Smith 10-29 

11.15 The Financial 
World Tonight 
1130 Today in Parliament 
1200 News: Weather 1233 
Shipping Forecast 

VHF (available in England and S 

Wales only) as abovi except 5-55- 
6.00am Weather Travel 114X 

Travel 114)0- 
1200 For Schools: 11-00 Music 
Makers 1120 Let's Move! (s) 

11.40 Johnny Ball's Maths Games 
3.C0pm For Scnools: 135 Listening 
Corner 24)5 Playtime 220 
Introducing Science (s) 240 Topic 
Songbook (s) 245 Radio Club 
5.50-5.55pm (continued) 1130- 
1210am Open University 1130 
Art and the Historian 11^0 18th- 
century Poverty and Crime 
1230-1.10 Schools Night-time 
broadcasting: Help Yourself to 
Mathematics Unit 1 

( Radio 3 

635 weathsr.7.00 News 

74)5 Morning Concert 
Wagner (Rienzi 
overture). Mozart (Piano 
Concerto Nc 17: Perahia 
with fee ECO). Debussy 
(Prelude a I'apres-mdi 
(fun faune). 8.09 News 

8.05 Momma Concert (contd): 
Sousa (fee march 
Semper fidelis). Barber 
(Serenade for Strings), 
Gottschaik (The Dying Poet 
Tournament Galop: Ivan 
Davis, piano), Hansen 
(Symphony No 2). 9.00 

9.05 This Week's Composer. 
Vivaldi. SintoniainA 
minor, RV 149. Concerto in D 
minor, RV 540, fee aria 
Veni, veni. me sequent Birgit 
Fhinila. contralto). 

Concerto m A major, per eco 
in lomano, RV 552. 

Concerto in C major, RV 557 

moo Schumann and Schubert 
Allan SchiHer.Exano.piays 
Schumann (Studies after the 
Paganini Caprices, Op 3, 

Nos 1.2 and 3). Schuoert 
^So nata In A major, D 

10.45 Britten: Rostropovich 
and the ECO perform fee 
Symphony for CeUo and 
Orchestra, Op 68 

1120 Tchaikovsky Songs: 

Susan Kessler 
(mezzo), wife Geoffrey 
Parsons (piano). 

Including Do not befieve. Op 
6 No 1 ; Serenade. Op 63 
No 6, and None but the 
lonely heart. 

1135 Mozart and Ravel: BBC 
Scottish SO (under 
Maksyrtnuk). Mozart 
(Svmphony No 39). and 
Ravel (fee ballet Mother 
Goose). 1.00 News 

14)5 BSC Lunchtime Concert 
Nina Milkinalpiano), Thea 
King (clarinet). Neil Black 
(oboe). Graham Sheen 
(bassoon). Anthony Halstead 
(horn). Works by Scarlatti 
(including six sonatas), and 
Beethoven (Quintet in E 
hat. Op lo for piano and 

200 Music Weekly: includes a 
conversation with Sir 
Charles Mackerras, and an 
interview with the 
counter-tenor Paul Ess wood. 
Also a feature called: 

Where next for British 
orchestras? With Michael 
Oliver (r) 

245 New Records: Stravinsky 
(the Divertimento: The 
Fairy’s Kiss). J C Bach 
(Concerto in B flat for 
bassoon and strings, with 
Daniel Smith, bassoon). 
Domenico Scarlatti ( Stabat 
Mater with the Choir of 
Christ Church Cathedral, 
Oxford, and 

instrumentalists). Giovanni 
Bononom (Divertimento 
da camera, No 6 in C minor 
(Michala Petri, recorder 
and George Malcolm, 
harpsichord), Martmu 
(Symphony No 6). 4-55 News 

54)0 Mainly for Pleasure . 
Recorded music 
selection .oresented by 
Andrew Keener 

630 Music for the Iron Voice: 
organ recital by Alan 
Wicks. From Coventry 
Cathedral. Malcolm 
Williamson 's Symphony tar 
A Kind 


fed of Carpentry: 
Graham Fawcett . . 

presents an examination of 
the poetry of Galway 

7.45 Faust fee five-act opera 
by Gounod. Sung in 
French. Vienna State Opera 
Orchestra/Vrenna State 
Opera Chorus (under Erich 
Binder), wife Francisco 
Araiza (title rote], Ruggero 
Raimondi. Alfred 
Sramek, W2ttcn Cronrocs. 
Gabriele Sima. Gabneia 
Banackova end Gertruds 
Jahn. Acts one and two. 
Interval readings at S.35 3nd 

11.00 Edith Voqal plays 

Beethoven: Fantasy. Op 
77: Sonata in F sharp majer. 
Op 78; Senate in G 
maior, Op 73, Sonata in E Sat 
major. Op 81a. L£S 

11.57 News. 1 1CC Closedown . 

VHF only; Open 
University. From 6.35am to 
6.55. Education Bulletin. 

( Radio 2 ) 

News on the hour. Headlines 
530am, 630. 7.30 and 8.30. Sperts 
Desks 1.05pm, 202 2.02 4.02 
5.05. 6.02 6.45 fmf only. 9.55. 
4.00am Cokn Berry (5)6.03 Rav 
Moore is] 8.05 Ken Bruce (s) 1230 
Jimmv Young (s) met at 1230 
FA Cup Semi-Finals Draw 1 .CSpni 
David Jacobs 2.00 Gloria 
Hurmilord (S) 330 Music all fee 
Way (s) 44)0 David Hamilton (s) 

54)0 John Dunn (s) 8.03 Alan DeJ 
and at 830 Big Band Era is) 

9.00 Humphrey Lyttelton wife Jazz 
on record 535 Spans Desk 

10.00 The Monday Movie Quiz (Ray 
Moore) 10.30 Star Sound (Nick 
Jackson 11.00 Brian Matthew 
presents Round M>dnigh! 

(stereo from midnight) 1.30am 

Peter Dickson presents 

3.00-4 -0C A Little Night 

Nightnde (s) 
Music (s) 

( Radio 1 

News on fee half hour from 
6.30am until S3Cpm and at 1200 

G.OGmh Adn&n John 730 Mike 
Read S3C Simon Bates 1233pm 
Nev.'sbeat (Jane; Trewin) 12.45 
Simon Mayo 3.62 Steve Wnghi 533 
Newsbeat (Janet Trewin) 5.^5 
Bruno Brookes 7.30 Jarece Long 
10.00-1 2C0 John Pee! fs) VHF 
Radios 16 2 443Ssm As Radio 2 
10.00pm As Rad>o 1 12C0- 
4.00am As Radio 2. 


6JK New5Ce» 7.09 Worid News 7.C9 
Tv.itnty-rour Hours 7-33 SaraTi arJ 
Ccircanv LCCNewsSJSSReriectwns 8.15 

Foraigii Atijuis Anvttii-^ Gms_BJ9 

N?*.; 9419 P,c>>?w of aw 6rn>sh Prc^s 

9.15 Good BcxX.s 3.35 Rraraal News 
9^0 Loo:. Knot £.45 Peahe's Ctimcn 
19410 News 104)1 Tra Mind m Focus 
1023 HttMe USA 11^3 .Vnvs 114i? 
New />roui Bciein 11.15 I Wish i d kiet 
1ZCS flaCo Newsreel 121S TransaiianiK 
Oj:z 12.45 Snorts RarCup 1.03 News 
1.C9 Twenty-Four Hours: News 1.30 Kings 
ot Swing 2X0 Outlook 2.15 Breakfast at 
Trtlany s 3X0 riido Ntwsieel 3.15 The 
Mmd L- Foaa 5X5 What's New ^.0C 
News 4.D0 Conmer.t2rv4.15 kfv Country 
>i Mind 430 The Muse Business 4.45 The 
World Tod2y5.C3 NewsSJS 3txA Cntnoe 

5.15 Mv Wcrd’ C.M h'ews 8.09 Twenty 
Four Hours: News 9.15 The Music 
Business 930 Pock Salad 1C. CO News 

flections Sfons F.oundua 11.CC 
News II.MCcmmentary 11.i5VvCC;.'n- 
rrv m Mmd 1 iXd Transattamc Oijiz 12. DC 
News 12.C2 News A&oj; Britain 12.15 
Radio Newsreel 12X9 Sa-ah and Compa- 
ny 1X0 News 1.01 OirtKxw i30 Shpn 
Story 1415 Mv Country r- Mmc 2.X News 
24)9 Review ol tr.a Brush P^eso 2.^5 
NewvoHi UK 2.30 Spor» Inte'rBwny 3.r«C 
Nw/s 3X9 News About B n i3'r. 3.15 The 
Wortd Tods/ 139 Jsr.n Peel C.M 
Newsdesh 43ti English So»W 5^5 The 
Wortd Today. AH fcnes in SMt. 

FREQUENCIES; Radfo 1:1053kHz/285m;T069kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; S09kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz, 
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1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

CHANNEL *» London «- 
SsijSaEiEt nuc News 
1 JO Home Cookery Oob 1JS Fflnc 

Nurse on Wheels 3.10-3J30 Indoor Gv- 

denbra 5.1 5-545 Sons and Dautfe 
tars 6X0 Channel Report 6-30-7X0 Life 
With e Capital Sea 1030 Questions 

1130 Avengers 1230m Closedown. 


1 30 Action Line 1 35 Rnt King Crab 

330-44X) About Gaeflc 5.1 5-545 

Emnwdale Farm (L00 Nbwg and 

Scotand Today 630-7X0 WhafsYour 

Rrooiem? 1036 ( 

, Crime Desk 1035 V 

1135 La* CaB 11X0 Jazz at the Gate- 
way lZ25au Closedown. 

UTt/ WEST ** London •*- 
ni V weal eept 130pm News 
130 Fim: Green Hal 3X0-330 Three 

Little Hoods 530-7X0 News 1030 Along 

fee CotswoW WSy 1130 V120Q 

1230m ~ 

Moviemakers IZbOm Closedown. 



12-00 Schools 64»pm-743ljwales At 

Six 1030-1130 About Face. 

1130 New Avengers 1220m Com- 

parry. Closedown. 

, . G ; Y' 


FBm: Charade (Cary Grant) 630 
News &45-730 Central Post 1935 Cen- 

tral Week 1135 The Master 123Snn 
Contact 1235 Closedown. 


130-330 FUm First Man in fee 
Moon' &15-535 Emmerdale Farm 630- 
730 North Tonight 1033 Jimmy Rad 
Show 1 1.15 Ffey/Ftfty 1215m News. 

BORDER &ffr^Fit,: 

~ - 1330- 

The Mountain 

430 Sons and OaucWws I 

30-7X0 Mr & Mrs 

Lookaround 630-7 . 

1030 Falcon Crest 1130 Mapp & Luce 
1230am Nows. Closedown. 

TCUf As London eacept 130pm 
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Nobody Wanted 5.15-545 Block- 
busters 630 Today South West 630-730 
Gardens for All 1032 Chancy 11.30 
Breakthrough 1230 Postscript. 

GRANAD A Ajjf^ranada 


Smokescreen (Peter VauQhan) 333 An»- 

mal Architecture 335-4X0 Sore 

Sons and 

Daughters 5.15-536 ScramWol 630 Gra- 
nada Reports 630-739 Diffrem 
Strokes 1030 Double Vison 11X0 F3m 
Paim me a Murder 1235m 



135 Heto YourseH 130 Fikn: Sunny 

Lake Is Missing' 335 News 330-4.00 A 

Country Practice 6JG Catencar 630- 

730 Clegg s People 1030 Calendar 

itaty 1130 Prisoner Ce» _ 
Block H 1230 Comedy Tonight 1230am 



ill CTCB As London eocepr. 
ouaicn 1JOpm LunchWne. 130 
F3m: Hefl Drivers. 339-4.00 Short 
Story Theatre. 5-1 5-5i45 Survival 630 
Good Evening Utstar. 530-730 Life- 

style 1C30 OHTtiB Rack. 1130 V. 
1135 Ten Green Battles. 1230m 

News, Closedown. 

ANGLIA A® London except- 
HWlaUM 1-20pra ncm 130-3.30 
F*tv The Black Tulip 5-1 5-5. 4S 

Emmerd3le Farm. 630 About Anclia. 

ta Re- 

630-730 StfwiaL 1030 Angta I 

ports 1130 V. 1230 Stephana 

Grappa li 1230am Why Suffenng? 

133pti Countdown. 130 
— Face fee Pres*. 230 Ffenesm. 

230 MceAvyn. 235 H«vrr Ac Yma. 

235 imervai. 3.00 The Lzle. Late Show 
4X0 A Plus a. 439 March otTviie. 

The American Cemvrv £X9 lltyv-tq 533 

Fop the Question. S.tf9 Dsnser Man. 

630 Gwaitn Crou. 7.3S Ncwyanon Sairti. 

730 Arolwg. B.C9 Loj Grant. 9X0 
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stxx. Today. S3S-7.C0 Tune and Pla?s. 
11 .45-1 23 6 am Rl gty Spaoel (War- 
wickshire v Lancashire 1235-1243 
News and westeer. SCOTLAND 
10.l0m-l0.30 Bs:. 535pnv6XC Catch- 
word. EX5-7.03 Reporting Sccitarx. 
KORTKEHN IRELAJffl 535pfn-5.49 
Today's Spcn. 5.«W.00 made 
Ubar. 635-7.00 Up Front. /Gerry Adams 

interview) 1 1. <5-1 13G News and 

wsather ENGLAND 536ptn-730 Region- 
al News magazines. 

TYNE TEES London ex- 

J-TriCJCCg c^pt: 1.5 9pm News, 

130 Scarecrow and Mrs Kmq. 230- 

nLb 530-7.80 

330 Bowls 630 Northern 
Mr & Mrs 1932 Scwls. 11.15 r*h: 
Death Stalk. 1235am God in Good Sea- 
son. Ctosedown. 


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7 30 A Mwrcn 12 Kj IE al 7 JO. 
Opens Maren >7 at 7 00. men 
March 18 * Man*, 2* A 22 

nmauns re Dusty Kum 

HaUlnes Ol 8SO 8846 BOX OOKa 

01-638 8S38'9 Of 01680 9862 

AS. First Call 24l»r 7 day CC 836 

2428. Grp Sales 930 6123. 






DM Price Prevs from Men 24 
March. Open* Wed 9 Apcfl al 7. 
Men-Frt 7 JO Thu Mat SMO Sat 5 

* 8 JO. 


Hg3P CC 374 6S6S/6433. Un3l 
Sat. Evas 7-30 MtUS iRE- 
ATRE CO mm mrend return 
with then lastest woaninp sue 
cess BAII raAMCJUT nv Tote 
Murptar, esantop UaHUN Me- 
KEMNUL Latecomers only 
admitted at interval 

... 240 

8230 CC 379 6666. 6433 E*Qt 
7.30 Sals 3 CHECK *1 tom. 
Laurence OUvter Award *05 

A Mkmre NiWt 

Mar 17-22 ti Mar 31 - Apr G 
The Mas of Made wr 24-29 

roams WC2 sm 8243/mo 
9648. Plrtl C*0 CC 940 7200 
(24 art 7 revel 

Eves 8. Wed Man 3. Sal 5 ft 830 


“An exMUrattnp display of enmte 
Umlnp" Oda 


Bah Larbay** Qaw flaf 

and ooMPAasmii** a. ham. 

Mm or YOSAS 836 B132 CC 
836 9837.741 9999 Crv Salas 
930 At 23 FV5I Can 24 Hr 7 Day 
CC 240 7200. Bv«9 0 . 0 . 

THu Mai 9- Sal It I SO 

"nnUMTH OH TAT* E» 6W 
HU Osmedy try Rtcham Hams 
DCrsvM by JhdH McKenzie 


-Btuuurd Drama Award 1984 
T “Had iim audience yeUinv 
ter more*' D Matr "Musi surely 
uke Ute town . Co NOW" D Tet 
“Roars 4t approval" Times “IT* 
pouio to on rap. an lorrvpr" Now. 


O-.-804 8108 01-240 9066. 7 
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240 7200 


W ta i m OF ALL TW BEAT 









l» A FLAYUf 

Evyi 80. MUS Wed 3.0 
SM SO 6 8 30 
Group Sates 01-930 6123 

JAN 1987 

Party Rate* Available 

FORTUNE * OC BSA 2238 4 741 
9999. Fin* Can 24hr 7 day OC 
340 7200. EwBFil/Sal 6 It 840 


Laurence Ottvirr Award 1984 


By John Godbar 
TM>es “SPLEMOro** D T« 
“One oMhe runnien and leau pre- 
lenOous ptayr you are ever pains 
Obs - Excuemeai and tiiunty- 
Pertuaoins ine audience ta dap 
and ctemr** S Trt - A JOY- S Exp 

SAIMICK. S 01-836 4601 C.C- 
379 6433 A fcC. 34 hr/7 day 340 
7200 Orp6aM 930 6123. Cites 8 
urn. W« mat JO. Sat S O and 8.0 




9301 . Preview Toni Spin. 
Opens Tamar 7pm Sup* eves 
8rm. Sal mat 4-30. Kavta 
Aa d sraaa. JaH Fahap, AD art 
Ftaaay In ORFHAMS by Lyle 


Bn oHiee Ace 01-930 9832 PIMt 
ran 24 nr 7 day cc naps 2*o 7200 








Evps 7.30 MM Eal 2-30 

KER MAJESTY’S 930 4026 
930 66 OS cc HaUM 741 9999 
FUN call 24 hour 7 day 
rr booktnn 2*0 7200 

-A W aadsiHd TSsaaHe a ty 
b tattered to ear — HUrd 

- q Mail 



the scarlet 


MM at- Theatre Wits* * D- Tel 

HImmI, Auda Hfriaansaapaafl 

F T. “The spsrtacelsely. »naga« 
hfteMc ■iladram 1 * Mao on Sun 
Cm 7 30 MU Wad It Sal at 30 

Makings 240 7200 
darOd Thenwirrtly Ideal 
red to erewwd Mr N tor 

OLORE 4J7 1692 Ftra Can B4 HT; 
7 Day rt 240 7200 Orp Sales , 
930 6123 

Andrew UWd „ 

tor The Reidiy Uwfid Theatre Co 
pr es en ts 




A Comedy Wf Ken Ludwig 
(Hrectad by David CUmore 
Evet s Mats Wed 3 0 Sat 4.0 

HER MAJESTY'S 930 4026 
930 6606 cc HdtHse 741 9999 
nrsi Cafl 24 hour 7 itoy 

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7765 Evenings 7.4 nut 6*1 

JENNY aUAYLE "A capital 

end - D. Tel ■*Pau!iiiaiiii0..A 

vltid production" Oiantan 



Previews from Apru 22 
nm nwi May 7 
Telephone mil Soddnaa lte*y 
accepted an 457 7373. 437 2066. 

734 896i rtm can 24 ht 7 cmf* 
OC Booalnss 840 7200 Bo« oUlee 
now open ior personal catiexsorp 
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Marcn 14 Mon-Fn al 1 1 30 are 

Mermaid 236 5568 ftor detain 


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Eves Bum promM. 

Adrian Ml I di ell's 


From IO April 

angry housewives 

LYMC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Are Wl 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1050 CC 01-434 1660 01-734 
5166/7 Finn Can 24 Mur 7 day 
K bookings 01-240 7200 





Directed By John Dexter 
"Greeted with hmultou* 
appiouM** Daily Express 
Evgs 7.30 5oU 5.0 4 8.18 
Wed Maw 3.0 
Group Sates 01 930 6123 

LYTTELTON *6* 928 2252 CC 
(Nadoiui Theatre's pruremum 
slapei Ton i 7.46 Tonnr 2.16 
I low price mail A 1 46. Uieti 
April t It 2 MK WARREN’S 

MAYFAIR ft CC 629 3036 111 
9999. Finn can S4nr 7 day CC 
240 7200 Mon-Tnu 8 Ffl/Sat 
6*0 2 0.10 



The Ml thriller by Richard Harris 
•TTte Deaiferiiier f or yean** S Mir 
"An unabashed winner" s Exp 
"A thriller that acnwvei it all** 
-rsaraauonal** Tunes “The moot 
tnoenteus MW«Y to hare ap- 
peared in a derade” D Mall 

IB OC (no beoMnp 1(41 
01-235 6668 or 741 9999 rc IBM 
Fee) 24 hr .‘7 day 240 7200 Grp 
MM 01-930 6 1 24 CvnOO. Frl 4 
Sal BO 4 BO 
David Marneit 


directed by MB tfrvden 
Pre- Theatre Food 6 Drink 
CAN BARK wnct door 96p 
Other NT showe we National Th 

92*1 CT 01 680 5965 Feb 1 1 
we** imaui 

MR MEN M U SICAL A Magntfl- 
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COTTESLOE Excel ten I cheap 
seo*» day* at pert* all theatre* 
from 10 am. RESTAURANT -92e 
BaCMtape' £2 Into 633 0880 

HEW LDHDOH Drury Lanr WC2 
01-005 OCTT2 CC 379 6433 El** 
7 -15 Tue A Sal 3 OO 5 7 45. _ 



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Oflke for raturmi m»iai 
appucaudo* now Mine accreted 
until a upusi 30 

OLD VK 928 7616. CC 361 IB21 
Grp Salei 930 6123. Preview* 
from tomorrow I Opens Mar i9i 
Eve* 7 20. Sat* 4 0 A 7 as 


in uw Weteti National Opera 
produc tion or 


Directed oy Howard Danes 
A new play by teflre MRciwfl 
based on Ute Me 4, later work of 
Bkmm p pa Verdi wife a cast Ol 
International opera snipers. 

OUVKR *s* 928 2282 CC (Na- 
tional Theatre-* open stapei 
Low price preview* Toni 
Tom or 7.16 4 Wed 2.00 6 
7.1S. Open Tnur 7 . 00 . Then 
March 14 & xs 6 Marcn 2t 10 
by Breyht. music by Kurt Welti 

CC 437 6327 or 579 6433 
Orp Soles 930 6133 


Eves 7.30 MM* Thu 4 Sal 2 30 
LVCCOWert not wmued until the 


PMOCMSX 836 2294 cc 240 9661 
or 741 9999 Eve* 8 Mai ThuSSat 
5 5 BJO 24 Hr 7 Day Firel Call 

cc 2-10 T 2 OT 

SUMbrd Drama Award? 
Rav Jewen will play Elvis Presley 
00 Monday Eve* only 

4306. 734 MM Credit Card 
Hotlines 379 SMS. 7*1 8309 
Grp Sate* C2S Stf&t.SM Cl 23. 

“A BrAaat MnakaF’ BOG 




Ovar 100 i redH OmMuia 
Cm U Mat* Wad 3 A Sat 5. 

734 8961 Find call 24 Hr 7 Days 
CC Bookino 836 34*4 Grp Sales 
930 61 33 



Opftu I* May ai 7pm 
RM Price preview* from April 30 

86&1.2 CC H-MIme 01-930 
0844 5 6 Group Sale* Ol 930 
6123. K prowse Ol 741 9949 
Fir*f Call 24 hr 7 day cc BooaiWB 
2BC7E00 01 -370 6*133 Ev« 7.30 
Mate Tnur A Sal al 3 O “On* Of 
the OrrelOraat MpNcab** 
&. Times. The Notorial Theatre of 
Cl BrtLVn Award Winrunp 





"ICaadartuI EntartMoMdF' 6 Trf 
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Now Hooking until April *26 

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W2a07iOa Grp Sare 93061 23 
Eves Ppm. wed A Sai Mate 3i™ 

Maggie edward 



COMEDY," 6 Tm 


A New Play vy Raeudd Harwred. 

Directed bv Potar Yataw 

teHM exte nded until J»*» 28. 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1746. 

Thomas M'ddlHoo and Ho- jrd 
Barker Dir wuuare oasfcfii 
LntUSdl t«rsti-0 5aiM46 4.O 

STBAKC Box Off 836 3660 FlrM 
UUI 24Hr TOay CC 240 iSCO 
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Cy Terry Wole 

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BOXES bi Aphra Brfin 
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"The '- rrv be*l ol Brllaln** cmtuc 
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Run for rcas wtra 

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steams into top gear 

w-y... . 

The ltiktach Black Fire crossing the 24-arch Ribbleshead Viaduct yesterday. 

By Peter Davenport 

The three-year campaign to 
save the Settle to Carlisle 
raiiway moves towards its 
final stages this month. 

A series of public hearings 
organized by Transport Users' 
Consultative Committees will 
take place later this month 
into the hardships that would 
be Cali the communities dotted 
along the 72-miie stretch of 
railway that goes through 
some of Britain's most dra- 
matically scenic countryside. 

lip to 250 objectors to 
British Rail's closure plans 
are expected to give evidence 
in person and many others will 
supply written submissions at 
the 15-day hearing to take 
place in Appleby and Carlisle 
in Cambria, and at Settle, 
Skipton and Leeds in York- 

Since the anno on cement to 
close the line on May 1, 1984, 
a total of 22,265 people (and 
one regular, fare paying dog) 
have lodged formal objections. 

The closure threat has pro- 

duced one of the most orches- 
trated environmental 
campaigns yet mounted 

The latest exercise aimed at 
persuading British Rail to 
change its mind came at the 
weekend when the West York- 
shire Metropolitan Comity 
Council, in one of its final acts 
prior to abolition, spent 
£10.000 chartering a special 
train, a sort of rolling propa- 
ganda vehicle, to take 400 
steam enthusiasts and anti- 
closnre campaigners along the 

The 10-coarh special, which 
sold out its £25 a head tickets, 
left Leeds station behind one 
of Britain's most famoas 
steam locomotives, the Black 
Five. No 5305, which drew 
hundreds of photographers 
along the route. 

On board were an array of 
campaigners, ranging from 
steam enthusiasts who record- 
ed every sound and photo- 
graphed every angle of the 
train, to councillors and tour- 

ism officials who argued that 
the line deserved to be retained 
not just because of its scenic 
attraction but because of the 
vital role it played in providing 
a life-line to remote towns. 

The increased usage of the 
route, largely due to the pub- 
licity generated by the cam- 
paigners, meant mat the line 
returned a £1 million operat- 
ing profit last year although 
British Rail argues that even 
that is not sufficient to justify 
the £20 million it says is 
needed for repairs and upgrad- 
ing the line: especially on the 
imposing 24-arch Ribblebead 
viaduct which takes the line 
through its most dramatic 
stretch of scenery. 

The figures are challenged 
by supporters who argue that 
it needs only half that figure 
for repairs and that with 
proper promotion and revised 
services the line could doable 
its number of passengers and 
eventually earn profits of np to 
£4 million a year. 

Miners’ pay deal 
to be extended 

By Craig Seton 

The National Coal Board 
has acted to avert a confronta- 
tion with the Union of Demo- 
cratic Mineworkers (UDM) 
over a pay rise negotiated by 
the new union last year, which 
is still not being paid to some 
of its members. 

An estimated 4,000 UDM 
members failed to get the 5.9 
per cent increase agreed Iasi 
November because they were 
outnumbered by members of 
the National Union of 
Mineworkers whose leaders 
have yet to negotiate an 
annual pay rise. 

The UDM leaders, who 
claim 40,000 members - 
mostly in the Midlands - 
issued a writ against the coal 
board last week in an attempt 
to force it to pay the rise to 
members who were in a 

minority in their workplaces. 

Now the board has decided 
that the increase can be paid 
not just to UDM members 
where they are in a majority, 
but where the new union is 
“established” in certain areas. 

The arrangement is under- 
stood to apply to UDM mem- 
bers principally in the North - 
east and in Lancashire. 

It means that UDM mem- 
bers in some areas will get the 
extra money even though they 
are in a minority, while NUM 
men working alongside them 
will be paid less. 

The board is offering talks 
with both unions on the 
possibility of setting up new 
conciliation machinery now 
that two unions represent 
miners doing the same work. 

Village Voice 

thwarted by 

Victor Zoiza this week' describes fimn 
village the plight of a father win vrantete 
son to Stave a good education bntK thTOrt^byaedram 
on his meagre resources of Alness m tfaefamily- 

My neighbour's son was always han g in g 
around my hut with other village children, 
but he was different While they observed 
my strange ways silently, Prakash ne ver 
stopped asking questions. Why did I eat 
with a fork when everybody used thor 

fingers? Why did I boil my water? He was tor 

more intelligent *han the other boys and 
could go tor, I told his father — but only nhe 
sent him away to be educated. 

Should he send his son to a government 
school, the fanner-priest asked, or to a 

religious ashram where he would be taught 
Sanskrit? With the learning acquired at the 
ashram, he said, Prakash would be much 
sought after for priestly duties and would be 
generously rewarded. Ratiram, his father, 
would be well looked after in his old age. 

What, Ratiram asked, was the good of a 
town education? The boy would return with 
strange ideas — “if he returns at all” — and 
would regard work in the fields as beneath 
him- Ratiram tod obviously made up his 
mind and had come to ask my advice only 
out of politeness. He did not want me to feel 
that he had rejected a neighbor's counsel, 
without giving it full consideration. But 
there was still a year or two to go before 
Prakash would be ready to leave the village. . 
His father might yet change his mind. 

I hoped that if Prakash did go to school, 
and perhaps even to college, he might 
acquire the education and the seifassurance 
which would enable him to help the 
community, speak to officials on its behalf 
and protect it from outsiders wh o cam e to 
exploit it. He was not yet in his teens but 
wise beyond his years. His intelligence and 
strength of character, I thought, should 
enable him to absorb the best that education 
had to offer. I might be wrong, though, and 
must not interfere. 

But leave the village he would, for the 
ashram if not for the school and R ati r am 
had long been saving the money that would 
be needed. It was not easy. He was poorer 
than most of the village Brahmins, and the 
family survived on a diet of rice and lentils . 
barely sufficient to keep body and soul 
together. The last harvest had been poor and 
the new crop had not yet ripened. • 

They managed without essentials Hire 
kerosene for the lamp and without matches, 
using flint and tinder to light the kitchen 
fire. Fuel was fine, for Ratiram gathered 
firewood on the hills, though it might often - 
take a whole day to procure a week’s supply. 
This was woman's work, but their year-old 
baby had fallen ill and someone had to stay, 
with it aU the time. The evil spirit which bad 

entered the child refosed to be exorcised by 
magir Ratiram first fried a quack and then 
an Ayurvedic physician who prescribed 
herbal potions, but aH to no avail FmaBy be 
brayed the unfamiliar hazards of a tong, 
journey to a doctor in town. _ ■ . . 

The baby was half the size it Should have 

been, and the doctor had CQactaded few the 
r t»p<ft«nt vomiting had deprived it of fee ■ 
nutrition it needed. The drngs he prescribed 
helped, but the improvement was sftort- 
lived. Ratiraai's repealed journeys to town, 
the bus tores, fee medic ines. Ipok time and 

Savings spent to buy two 
tins of powdered milk 

money he could til afford. He did what work" 
he could in the fields* but I often saw him 
pacing up and down the lane; rocking the. 
Crying baby in his arms, white his wife was 
busy with the cooking and other chores. 

Less work in the fields' would mean a 
smaller crop and even less food for the 
famil y and nutrition for the baby. It was not 
long before the chikfs illness bad consumed 
almost all they bad saved forPcakash's 
education. : • 

In a shop window in town, when Ratiram 
tori taken the drikl toibedoaor, he had 
seen tins of powdered milk adorned with a 
happy, smiling baby's face — a totter baby, 
he told me, than he had ever laid his eyes 
upon. This, he said, was .the. nutrition his. 
child lacked, and he used the toss of his 
savings to bay a couple of tins. 

. But the teby stiff cannot keep its food 
. down. Several otter village infants, similar- 
ly afflicted, have net survived. This is foe 
youngest of his four children. Prakash is the 
eldest He had two more, but they died 

Ratiram and his wife are in their earl? 
thirties and will no doubt have more 
children. But Ratiram no longer talks of his 
plans for Prakash. “We'll never be able to 
save enough,” te says, “and if we dtvit'H go 
like this lot has. There's always .some 
misfortune or other.” 

The boy wffl probably go neither to school 
in town norto the ashram. He still visits my 
hut, but sits listlessly in the comer. 

He asks no more questions. 

© Victor Zoiza 1986 V 
Victor Zorza thanks readers who have sent 
money for needy villagers and requests that 
any fitture donations should be sera not to 
him but to the Village Voice Fund, Oxfam, 
274 Banbury Road, Oxford. 


-i 3' *’ 

f. f / * 

Today's events 


Royal engagements 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales attend An Observance for 
Commonwealth Day, West- 
minster Abbey, SW1, 3: they 
later attend a performance of 
Handel's Messiah ai The Royal 
Festival Hall SW|, 7.20. 

Prince Andrew visits the SS 
Great Britain Project. Bristol 
4.30; and Later attends the 
Patron’s Dinner, the Merchants’ 
Hall. Bristol 7.30. 

Princess Anne anends the 
bunch of “South” The Third 
World Magazine's Appeal at 
New Zealand House, 
HaymarkeL 2.30; and later re- 
ceives an Honorary Fellowship 
of the Royal College of Phy- 
sicians and attends a dinner at 
the Royal College of Physicians, 

St Andrew's Place, Regent’s 
Park, NW1, 7. 

New exhibitions 

Scenario, designs at The 
Royal Opera House; National 
Theatre. South Bank, SE1; Mon 
to Sat 10am to 1! pm (ends 
April 19). 

Paintings and Pastels by 
Carolyn While; Gum stool Gal- 
lery, Gumstool Hill. Tetbnry, 
Gloucestershire; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5.30 (ends March 22). 


Piano recti al by Kathryn 
Stott; Barbican Centre, Eti 

Keyboard recital by Linda 
Nicholson, The development of 
classical music for the 
fortepiano: St. George’s Church, 
Bloomsbury Way, WC1, 1. 

Recital by Yuki Konii (cello) 
and Leo Debono (piano); The. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,989 


1 Rocket, possibly, for fellow 
abandoning papers on the 
scheme (101. 

9 Obstruction FaJstaifs prince 
recognised as deadly (6). 

10 Sainted boy consuming last 
ofthesweeLbread (8). 

11 Inclination of a number to 
study county boundaries (8). 

12 Sound grub, for some, on 
toe slopes of Fujiyama (4). 

13 Sheepish sort of ringleader 

15 Military man, though not 
quite a general? (7). 

17 Passionate bird from Doug- 
las, say? (7), 

20 Worn as a beret - hard to 

replace (10). 

21 Talent of soldier going by 
fool (4). 

23 in France, so much crystal- 
line powder forms a ductile 

. metal (8). 

25 Political theory produces 
surprisingly good yield - 
mostly m 

26 Source of Pistol’s delight, in 
bed at Whiistable (6). 

27 Disgusting notes subject to 
examination ( 101 


2 Producer of magic in sun- 
god's country (6). 

3 Artful Dodger abandoned 
bv family? That’s for the 
birds (8). 

4 On which kings and queens 
may go through the mo- 
tions? (10J. 

5 Trendy place for a chorister 
to set up (7). 

6 The extremes of exceptional 
animation (4). 

7 Trick a sailor into making 
his Ghana trip? (81 

8 Freedom of movement suit- 
able. say, for one like 
Menander (10). 

12 Bounds set for student bur- 
lesque (10). 

14 Desert Head hi support of 
American 8 (10). 

16 Little consistency associated 
with Ben Johnson? (8). 

18 Scholar in gaol vandalised a 
tree (8). 

19 Rascal gives French depart- 
ment a great deal of money 

t7) ' . ■ - £ 

22 Meagre imitation fur on 

common girl (6). 

24 Some traditional or de- 
sirable entitlement of a 
bishop (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday's 
Prize Puzzle 
No 16,988 
will appear 
next Saturday 


University Church of St Mary 
the Virgin, High St, Oxford, 

Concert by Lecosaldi En- 
semble. St Anne and St Agnes, 
Gresham St. EC1 1. 10. 

Concert by Brahms Clarinet 
Quintet; Holywell Music Room, 
Oxford. 1.15. 

Organ recital by Gerard 
Gillen; Ulster Hall Bedford St, 
Belfast, Ulster. 8. 

Recital by Nina MiUdna (pi- 
ano), Neil Black (oboe), Thea 
King (clarinet), Graham Sheen 
(bassoon) and Anthony 
Halstead (horn); St John's, 
Smith Square, SW1, 1. 

Talks and lectures 
Ethiopia's Bitter Medicine. 
Survival International's report; 
1CA, Nash House, The Mall, 
SW1. 7.30 

Love is ...Kind and never 
envies by Kenneth Maude; 
Liverpool Parish Church, Pier 
Head, 1.30 

Canada and the Common- 
wealth - the evolving relation- 
ship, Mr Roy McMurty; 
Commonwealth Society. 
Northumberland Avenue, WC2. 

Why Different Churches, ad- 
dress by the Rev Keith 
Butterworth, St Ann’s, Man- 
chester. 1.20. 


Antique Fair, Town Hall 
BakewdI, Derbyshire, 10 to S. 

The Shock qf the New; The 
View from the Edge (film) Lower 
Floor Theatre, The National 
Gallery. WC2. 1. 

Christchurch Lace Day with 
Jean Pegg; Regent Centre, 
Christchurch. Dorset. (I to 5. 

The week’s walks 

Today; Inside Dickens' London. Grays 
Inn to Dickens' House, meet H ottore 
Underground, z Roman London: The 
Origins of the City, meet the Museum of 
London, Z30. Sherlock Holmes Detective 
Trad, meet Baker Street Underground. 

Tomorrow: Inside the London of Shake- 
speara and Ropy*. meet Temple Under- 

round. z Jack the n^pisr Murder 
f 1688, meet AJdgate East Under- 
(An GaBenr Exin. 730. Ghosts of 
City, meet St Pours Underground. 

Wednesday: bnra of Court - England's 
Legal Homage, meet Chancery Lane 
Underground (ticket officeL 11. Legal 
London • inside the Law Courts, meet 
Ho&om underground. Z An Historic Pub 
Walk, meet Westmhtstar Underground. 

Thursday: Began! Mayfair. mBet Gmn 
Part Underground. 11. Royal London - 
Places and People, meet Green Part 
Underground, Z 

Friday: Magic Square Mfle - Centuries 
of History, meet St PauTa Underground, 
11. Saxon and Norman London, meet 
Museum ot London, Z3C. An Historic Pub 
Walk - Dickons' HosWries. meet SI PauTa 
Underground. 7.30. 

Saturday- Customs and Curios Of the 
City, meet Monomem Underground, 11. 
Kensington. Royal London V#age. meet 
High St Kensngm Underground, 2. 
London’s Historic Docklands and 
Thames, meet Tom Ml Underground, 

Sander Evi London - Crime through 
the ages, meet St PnuT* Underground. 
11. Picturesque Hampstead Wage and 

a HnipfSad U • 

s ghosts, tfeya i 

Haatti meet 


11. London's ghoafs. tfeya and Odettes, 
meet Embartment, 250. trie hi Meoeval 
London: Plague old Prosperity, meet 
Museum Ol London. &3Q. An Historic Pub 
Walk - Thamewte, meet fOacfcMm 
Underground. 7 JO. 


Births; William Etty. painter, 
York 1787; Tamara Karsavina, 
prims ballerina, St Petersburg 
(Leningrad), 1885; Arthur 
Honegger. Le Haver. 1891 
Deaths; Giuseppe Mazzmi, 
Pisa. 1872; Sir Charles Thom- 
son. naturalist, Boasyde, W 
Lothian 1882; David, Eari 
Beatty, Admiral of the Fleet, 
London 1936; Frank O'Connor, 
short-story writer, Dublin, 1966. 

Nature notes 

Suddenly the countryside is 
full of song, as male birds make 
up for lost time in establishing 
their breeding territories: their 
song warns off other males, and 
attracts a female. Greenfinches, 
goldfinches and yeflowhammers 
have begun to sing in the lanes; 
meadow-pipits have begun their 
fluttering song flights over 
heaths and moors. Starlings sit 
in their future nest-hole, singing, 
with only their heads showing. 
Blackbirds are coining into full 
song: a fluty outburst, with a 
hoarse afterthought. 

On roc! 

ky streams, dippers are 
_ nest sites in the banks; 
iied tits are prospecting 
sick hawthorns in which to start 
their domed nest. Most other 
small birds will wait till the 
leaves are appearing. 
Woodpidgeons have begun 
feeding oo the softening leaf- 
buds of the elm trees; bull- 
finches are scattering the buds 
on hawthorns and fruit trees, 
especially those of dessert ap- 

Two-spot and seven-spot 
ladybirds are coming out of 
crevices where they hibernated. 
Flowers like small yellow pin 
cushions are open on the cor- 
nelian cherries: these trees are 
actually dogwoods, not cherries, 
and there are two species quite 
common now in English paries, 
one from southern Europe and 
one from Japan. DJM 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000 9LK 
591097 (the winner comes from 
Plymouth). £50,000: I5XZ 
764487 (Southampton). 
£25.000: 10KP 902764 (Nor- 


Th* H W BdK MS (W IMendsfc 

Co n traflow be t we en Junction 2 (Mi 23 
Buddy and B to nfria ha mW) and junction 3 
(HMstnran and Bfrirfngham WV 

Watoaatto Ore Wert A31: Bora Rb$s- 
Femdown. delays at Rnehurst round- 
about and various locations. K5: Junction 
25, Turnon. Miles one end two of N 
bound carriageway and the hard shoulder 
closed due to reconstruction work. A3S: 
Taunton » WMBngton. temporary traffic 
fights W of Taunton. 

Tlw North: A1(M* Contraflow Immedi- 
ately N ol knicttai nflh A68(M), S of 
Darangton. Me Lane ctosreas due to 
r epai r s between Mictiors 31 and 32, 
LanacsMna MB3: rarmnsnt no access to 
junction 5 from B5213 Stretford rcL 

Scotland: The Ptaasence dosed be- 
tween Colgate and East Dnmmqnd SL 
Edtabwgh city centre, delays over the 
next few months. AMB Stirflnyshre, S of 
B834 function. S of CTOftarte, tririqe 
work; single fine vwtti 24 hour fights. 

GuSy repairs from jtmetions 3 to A, tnskta 
lane dosed 24 hours. 

tnfoimgflon s i fiipfied by AA 

The pound 


Austria Scti 





Franca Ft 

Bank Bank 


23J0 22-50 

TO-flO 68-10 

2.12 2-03 

1257 1137 

TOT 737 

1042 347 

XU X20 

Greece Dr 236-00 2TL00 

Hong Kong* 1145 11.15 

Intend Pt 1.13 107 

Italy Lira 230000 Eli ms 

Japan Van 374.30 MOiS 

Netherlands GId 341 3-62 

Norway Kr 1060 1025 

Portugal Eac 221-50 21050 

South Africa M 3.15 2J05 

Spain Pta 211-00 201-00 

Sweden Kr «L83 KLU 

G wtt ra rt an dFr 2M 2-71 

USAS 1525 1455 

tagrtMaOnr 51000 45080 

Rates far smafi denomination tw* notes 

only as SuppSed by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and after foreign currency 

RaW Price tadeje 3707 

London: The FT index dosed up 04 at 

13085 an Friday. 

New Yoric Hie Dow Jones Industrial 
Average dosed up 35 at 189953 on 

Times portfolio rales are fflfoOow* 

1 Tunes Portfolio is free. Purchase 
of The Times Is not n condtoon of 
latrine part. 

2 Times Portfobo Hst comprises a 
group of puhUc . companies whose 
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Exchange and Quoted in The Times 
Suck Emmiw mew pane i The 
companies cumin t u na (batllst win 
chanfie Own day to day. Tlw List & 

divided Into lour grpnpe 

Mad 31-aoj nd 

■novsnent m erica d e- 

ls TO- 11-20. 21- 

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declared void. 

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ole and (is sttoddianes ana of 
Europe list Group Ltnrited (producers 
and distrlbutora of the curii 
members of llielr immediate 
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these Rules. All Instructions, on. “to 
to play" and "how to claim 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio tool. 

our total matches Hie published 
dividend figure yoa have won 
.it or a share of the prize money 

for that week, ana must claim 

your prt» as Instructed below. 

How to sunt 

T t H phoos Hh Tbnes Ponfstio sMuts 
fine W5S-532I2 Mama lUMa and 


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Portfolio cards wtu be deemed lo be 
part of these Rides. 

10 in any ■usome. The Editor's 
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11 IT for any reason The tints 
Prion Page is not mAUshed m the 
normal way Times Portfolio i 
suspended tor that nay- 

Hm to play - Daily OMdMd 

On each day . — — 


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No respondHUto on toe 

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• Tlte worrttfl of Rules 2 and s has 

B-mi(! ^? > Th? l » 3 nnf 
Usrt ts : net arfectodandwOlreMliw 
» be played in exactly the Sam* 
ss DQiorv. 


A ridge of isigh pressure 
will more eastwards into 
northern Britain. 

$ am tn midnight 

London, central 8, central N England, 

•MfiendK Sony periods attar misty start. 

showers dwtfopng. some t mw: wtno 

homy, toggv near coasts: Wind ntafrVy S 
fight; max (amp BC (4W). cooler near 

Chemwi Mends: Sumy periods, a lew 
showers; irtid variable fi ght ma x temp 6G 

**8, HWengtand, Wales, Lake Mrtfrt 

'^"yfiSaJw.lw^cottmd, Amt, 

N Ireland: Sunny periods, isolated show- 

ers; wktd W or NW fight; max tamp 9C 

England, Borders. Edkttivgh l .fa»- 
dae, Atomdoen, Qtonbw. C-Whwi- 
lanrf*, Monf FWb. MEScoOmfr Srigraor 
sunny periods, scattered showers 
developing, some heavy; wind variable 
light; max temp 8CMGF). 

Ortowy, ShoOencfc Beconfng britfiar 
and mainly (fry; wind 8 modsratoor fresh 
loesfiy strong at first; max tamp 6C (43F). 

Oiitlort tor tomorrow and w eefrt os de y 

Mostly dry willi sunny periods tumoomr 

but some rain in the N end W on 

Wedrwktay; overnight tog patches in 


Snffi He Sun Seta: 
627 am 656pm 



649am 548 pm 

New moon 252 pm 

Lighting-up time 

b-bloc afcy; bc-btue sky end ctoud: C- 5?®?*'**'. 

f-toq : d-drtnle: h- jjdnt h » m p 1 «iM 1 
s-enow: tb- Swansea 
p-rttowere. Tens 

Arrow» ahow wtod utraetton. wtnd wu. u . 

re«^tap»o ctreted. TempcrataS Z*™* 0 *** 
emwifrtade. Tldeawsauradl 

65 256 72 
4 A 1.14 42 

125 754 1Z9 
34 11.1 B 3.1 
115 7.19 115 
55 654 5 3 
6.3 1150 65 

5.3 554 S.1 

43 1253 45 

5.6 1040 54 

7.0 651 7.4 

Sil 6.19 85 
54 £44 55 

94 1137 92 

23 925 24 

-1ZZ7'. 4.6 
75 634 65 
75 624 -69 
45 6.15 33 

5.6 531 54 

22 733 £0 

44 1150 45 

6.1 1137 (S3 

44 1120 4.6 

94 845. . 92 
52 345 54 

4.1 ... 




• S >3s m/'s c* 

London 628 pm to 555 am 
Bristol 636 pm to 654 am 
Erflnbiatfi 635 pm to 6.10 am 
— w ft 33 pm to 654 am 

648 pm to 6.16 am 

Around Britain 




Temperatures at midday yesterday: o, 
draxt f, lair. r. rates, aun. 

C F C F 

Belfast e 746 Guernsey r 439 

B'nnrtam e 541 frt wn te ee I 948 

Btadmooi c 74S Jersey r 337 

Bristol r 643 London t 745 

Canfltr c 643 er nct i s ter c 541 

E dWk iryh f S4S M swc as Bs r 337 

Glasgow 1 745 fTMdsway fg 745 


Son Rato Mrx 

hre tat C F - 

SuiRam Max' 

In In C F 

f-1 - 10 60 amny 

6.7 . - 10 50 surety 

33 - 11 52- brigl* 

82 - 8 46 tog 

43 - 4 39 tog 

Ttonfrjr 11 " 11 " 

Drwtfrt . 

70 . n.S2 smmy 

83 - 9 48 sunny 

5-2 *-■ 11 82 sun pm 

30 - 10 50 sunny 

03 - 8 46 dmefy 

feo? ff. 

as,. » •: 






Setmlay: Temp: max 6 am to 6| 

(52F1 ; mhi 6 pm to 6 4 
Himway: 6 pm, Aper cent RMm 24tv to 
6 pm. na Sum 24 hr to 6 pm. 95 hre Bar, 
mean sea level, 6 pm. W21.' ” 

11 52 sunny 
10 50 Sumy 

10 50 sonny 
9 46 Drisyi 
• 46 sunny 

»t 92 vm my 

11 52 suiny 

10 50. surety 

11 52 sunny 
11 52 -bright 




Highest and lowest SS^oSast 

. tfighest day temp: Scflhr bies 
ij Ci (52fr) ; lowest day max: Brighton 20 

SeMy tains 



12 ins feghast sunstma: Heme Bay 

- -.3 37 tog 

- 51 4 39 ^ 

03 - 7 45 

Torouay S3 - 9 4t» 5|ht 

63 - 10 SO sum 

73 - 10 50 surety 

72 - 9 48 mumtf 

- II K surety 

- 11 52 Bunny 

IfeMM Saturday's Bgtm 

. .i; • N * 

;# • - t* ^ 

Urngnay post 


The delivery of letters and 
parcels by air to Uruguay has 
resumed. The service was sus- 
pended at the request of the 
Uruguayan authorities , because' 
of an industrial Hi^purn. 

tMXMti c, douct d. drizzle; 
C F 

Meecto c 13 55 CMegM 
Afcatti 8 22 72 CpESra 
Metfdrie o 20 68 Oorta 
AVer* c 13 55 Dubfin 
AmsTdra c 2 38 Dubredk 
-c 15 .58 Fan 
a 22 72 Horen cn 

f » Wn ig. tog; r, rain; a, sui; an, snow; tumxfer. 
° " * C. F 

Parliament today 

CommoAS (2.301 Debate on 
EEC farm prices. Debate on 
parliamentary privilege. Lords 
(230); Education Bin, second 


1986. Fruited Ur London Post (Print- 
ers) Untited Of 1 Virginia &r®£&> 
London El. Monday. March 10 . 1986. 
— fn^tpapur at tnc post 

t . 7 46 

G 3 37 HaUUd 

Hood K 

Btonte s 11 52 
9 6 43 
BonWx a 10 SO 
BWM s ls 8 8 48 
BUriaper s 10 50 

MSr* ; t ra n L 


. C F 
* 8 43 
« 0 32 

e 13 55 

; » 46 mtVnm 
1 14 57 MextoaC 
s 15 59 DM 
1 if ei Ifin 



9 -7 30 Neciaa : 

» 22 72 mSE 
e 5 41 M York 
e 5 4i Hcb 
8 32 90 Osto 

, ^ PMrtg 

-r 19 68 PtoSi 

. » 15. » - 
.7 45 


s 18 64 S Panto 
c 16 BI -SFUaep 

e 9 48 

S 2 SSfrMtrtg 

C a 87 Skrtay 
f 27 81 TengSr 

* W 66 tSTZ, 

■ ■ Tutedte 

C 0 32 TUffla 
9 l 45 Vataneto 

i *1 £ 

e 19 m vases 
« 3 37 Vtonne .. 
e 1 94 tifanoa 

■ 18 64 Waeh'km 
» 2 81 ■ 

« 25 77 

-C P 
t tS 69 
e 5 41 

r.. 7 45 

G O 32 
C 5 41 

* 23 73 
c 15 ® 
c 19 86 
-( 19 66 

* 18 64 

« 15 59 

;« . _ . 

f 12 54 

c 5 41 

C 4 39 

. ,v " 


..4a. ; ■. -fv?.-. 

m . - ■ 

1 19 68 
a $ 41 

. ; V * .a 


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