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for talks 


Unionist leaders yesterday 
attempted to reopen diaingn? 
with the Prime Minis ter over 
the Anglo-Irish agreement as 
the Government prepared for 
the f ourth meeting Of the joint 
ministerial conference in Bet 
test this morning. 

A letter from Mr James 
Molyneaux, leader of the Offi- 
cial Unionist Party, and the 
Rev Ian Paisley, leader of the 
Democratic Unionists, reject- 
ed the Government’s basis for 
further discussion, but said 
they wanted to “create the 
framework wi thin which dia- 
logue can take place”. 

Resolutions passed by the 
executive ofboth parties want 
all-party talks on devolution 
to begin on die basis of the 
agreement being suspended, 
an idea the Government has 

The. Unionists suggest that 
after all-party talks in the 
province, three-way discus- 
sions between London, Dub- 
lin and Belfast could begin 
aimed at reaching agreement 
on some form of relationship 
with the Irish Republic. 

The letter was sent to the 
Prime Minister at the end of 
last week when the two lead- 
ers, in particular Mr 
Molyneaux, were alarmed by 
the violence and intimidation 
of the Unioni5t24bonrday of 
action. Although the terms 
offer little sign of compromise, 
and there was suspicion in 
government aides that they 
were an attempt to mislead 
Mrs Thatcher, Unionist lead- 
ers are anxious to get 

ftwn Richard Fort, Belfast 

“loyalist” opposition on a 
constitutional p*ty ' 

In private, some Unionists 
admit that it is impossible to 
expect the Prime Minister, 
particularly after die violence, 

to suspend the Anglo-Irish 
agreement. But both Unionist 
leaders have suggested that 
some “other mechanism” 
could be found. 

However, the Government 
has to decide whether it 
believes Mr Paisley and Mr 
' Molyneanx can bring the bulk 
of their parties to support their 

- The dear divisions bet w een 
the two parties were shown in 
their response to a rebuke 
from the Northern Ireland 


newspaper advertisements ac- 
cusing the Unionist leaders of 
attempting to exert political 
pressure on the police. 

The advertisement was a 
response to a Unionist mes- 
sage daiming that the Anglo- 
Irish agreement had radically 
altered the role of Ulster 
officers and that in these 
“trying times” no-one could 
run away from making a 

Mr Tom King , Secretary of 
Stale' for Northern Ireland, 
denounced the Unionist mes- 
sage as misleading and irre- 
sponsible. The . police 
authority said the Unionists 
had not quoted fully tbe artide 
of the Anglo-Irish agreement 
concerning the work of the 
RUC, and masted that tire 
police were not “tasked” to 
police the sgreemem. 

The Unionist action was 
seen by the Northern Ireland 
Office and RUC as a further 
attempt to undermine police 

Yesterday Mr Molyneaux 
showed dear signs of regret- 
ting putting bis to The 
message and said that be 
welcomed the police authority 
insistence that the RUC was 
free from political interfer- 

Mr. Molyneanx denied the 
advertisement was a rebuff 
saying that he and Mr Paisley 
had pu blished their message 
and ihit had persuaded the 
authority to issue a dear and 
unamb iguous AH ttine of the 
control and direction the 

Mr Molyneanx said the 
advertisement showed that 
the minister of a foreign power 
had no control over the force. 
“We were not seeking to 
interfere as politicians,” he 

Mr Mofyneanx’s reaction 
contrasted with that of Mr 
Peter Robinson, deputy leader 
of the Democratic Unionists, 
who accused the authority of 
“double standards” and de- 
scribed its members as 
“placemen appointed by the 
Government, doing their 

masters* bidding ** 

It is now generally thought 
that the DUPand its hardline 
dements are leading protests 
against the agreement, with 
the Official Unionists and Mr 
Molyneanx increasingly fol- 
lowing in their wake. 

Photographs, page2 

Families iiot told’ by Nasa 

Shuttle recovery 


. a at the weekend,! 

too much . hertfe* 

Mrs Thatcher tafls too much, 
takes on too much, and her 
party will drogher as fist as it 
can if things go wrong, acced- 
ing to Lord Wilson ot 
Riveaulx, (he former Labour 
Prime Minister. Lord Wilson, 
who is 70 today, thinks Mrs 
Thatcher is thoughtful and 
caring “but doesn’t apply 
those Qualities . to 
government” Plage 2 

Willis move 

Mr Norman WiBis, general 
secretary of the TUC, i$ trying 
to arrange a meeting between 
Mr Rupert Murdoch, chair- 

and Miss Brenda Dean, the 
leader oflhe print union Sogat 
*82 Page 2 

School fear 

Many children from ethnic 
minorities go through a night- 
mare when they first go to 
school in Britain because they 
cannot cope with English 


Food danger 

EEC and government policies 
are artificially promoting an . 
unhealthy diet by subsidizing 
potentially harmful ’ foods 
such as sugar, fat milk, b u t t e r 
and low fibre white bread, the 
BMA says Page3 

Tamil attacks 

Attacks on Sinhalese civilians 
by Tamil militants, in Sn 
Lanka’s Eastern Province are 
on the increase, despite gov- 
e rnme nt confidence that the 
situation there is 
improved rage® 

Hurdle hope 

The Cheltenham National 
Hunt Festival begins today 
with See You Then the odds- 
on favourite to win foe Water- 
ford Crystal Champion 
Hurdle for foe secomlyraj 
running . Pag* 27 

Britain spends £20 bilhon a 
year on moving things 
around, much .of which goes to 
the distribution services re- 
sponsible for filling supermar- 
ket shelves and fecrory 
production lines Pago* 23-25 

Cape Canaveral (UFI) — 

Wreckage of foe shuttle 
Challenger's crew cabin has 
been found and the remains of 
some of the ship's seven crew 
members were brought ashore 
at foe weekend, it was report- 
ed yesterday 

Nasa officials announced 
on Sunday that the wreckage 
of the cabin had been found 
on Friday in 1 00ft of water 
and that it bad been identified 
by Navy divers from the USS 
Preserver on Saturday morn- 

^ ES ^' r “ Nasa officials said on Sun- 

DOrt on&mrday mgbt under " ^ divers fiom the 

^ Preserver were able to provide 
J (he positive identification of de- 

Sis fiom Challenger's crew 
astronaut Robe rt O vennyer, compartment and the exis- 
Nasa photographers and oth- 

era wearing white smocks. . . w zt . . 

It was reported that the Mr 
remains of an unknown num- however, that he did not know 
ber of Challenger’s crew were the condition of tfae two-levd 
taken off the ship, but Nasa reinforced cabm or howmany 
officials would not confirm of foe seven a^nauts re- 
tire reports or provide any mains rrnght still be in or 
details of foe salvage opera- around the wreckage, 
lion, which is expected to take A Nasa statement said a 

several days. “possible” identification of 

Mr Hugh Harris, the Nasa the cabin was made by salvage 
lftvCT nan, said: “I don’t crews using sonar on Friday 

Pathologists assigned to a 
hospital at Patrick Air Force 
Base, near foe Kennedy Space 
Centre, are in charge of identi- 
fying crew remains. 

. On board Challenger at the 
launch on January 28 were 
Christa McAuKffe, a New 
Hampshire schoolteacher, the 
mission commander Francis 
"Dick” Scobee, his co-pilot 
Michael Smith, Judith Resnik. 
Ellison Onizuka, Ronald 
McNair and Gregory Jarvis, a 
commercial engineer with the 
Hughes Aircraft Corporation. 

anything until it’s recovered crew's families had been in- 
and identification, is made.” formed. 





By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

Labour Party leaders last 
night denied the claims of left- 
wing councillors that Mr Nefl 
Kinnock had agreed to indem- 
nity them against surcharges 

and feipHilififflriniK. 

Tire counter claims came 
after a meeting of Labour’s 
local government committee 
had decided that a hardship 
fond should be set up to relieve 
the financial difficulties suf- 
fered by coudDors in Liver- 
pool and Lambeth, south 
London, who last week lost 
their appeal against sur- 
charges and disqnalificatioB 
from local office for five years. 

The differing interpreta- 
tions of the committee's move 
threatens the reopening of the 
Hamagfag divisi on s In the 
party about retrospective in- 
demnities which dominated 
last year’s Labour conference. 

It came on the day that 
Labour’s national executive 
committee agreed on the pro- 
cedure which could lead to 12 
Militant Tendency sympathiz- 
ers from Liverpool being ex- 
pelled from the party on 
March 26. 

It was confirmed last night 
that charges against four id 
foe original alleged offenders 
had been dropped. Details of 
foe charges drawn up by Mr 
Larry Whitty, the general 
secretary, against the 12 were 
disclosed last night 

Mr Derek Hatton, deputy 
leader of Liverpool Council, 
has been charged with abuse 
of foe rules, constitution and 
standing orders of the party, 
involvement in the Militant 
Tendency mid activities which 
could bring the party into 

Mr Tony Mtdbeara, presi- 
dent of foe district parity, has 
been charged with abuse of the 
roles and involvement in foe 
Militant Tendency. 

Others have been charged 
with abase, involvement aid 
activities that could bring the 
party into disrepute. 

On March 26, foe NEC 
derided yesterday, Mr Whitty 
.atfll present 4he-cfiiqses and 
foe 12 will given an opportuni- 
ty off responding in writing or 

Mr Whitty told the execu- 
tive yesterday that if member- 
ship of Militant was proved to 
its satisfaction there was only 
one penalty and that was 

In the local government 
committee Mr Kinnock and 
other Shadow Cabinet mem- 
bers had emphasized the limit- 
ed nalme of the compensation 
arrangements proposed. 

Mr Khmorh said: “We owe 
it to the people concerned not 
to entertain fantasies or kid 
people, but to help those in foe 
I greatest hardship.” 

Bat immediately after the 
meeting Mr Ted Knight, lead- 
er of Lambeth and one of foe 
81 surcharged councillors, 
t-faimprf fhflt the committee 
had been categoric over com- 
pensation, the lifting of dis- 
qualification and ever raising 
tends for an appeaL 

He claimed that Mr 
Kinnock had agreed that a 

Labour government could 

move to tift the ban and pay 
out compensation. 

In a macabre confirmation 
of earlier threats, the mysteri- 
ous Islamic Jilted organiza- 
tion yesterday produced 
pictures of what it claimed 
was the body of the French 
hostage Michel Seurat, and 
said be was killed last 

The claim and pictures 
came as France launched a 
diplomatic drive to secure the 
release of eight French hos- 
tages held in Lebanon tty pro- 
Iranian Muslim extremists. 

One of the three black and 
white photographs showed the 
man lying bare-chested with 
'his eyes halfdosed, while 
another showed a body 
wrapped in a blanket inside a a 
co ffin. The third showed the 
closed coffin, a crucifix on foe 

A statement left with the 
said they were intended to 
leave no doubts “about the 
seriousness of our earlier 
claim ” There was no indica- 
tion of when or where foe 
photos were taken, but foe 
pictures were the first evi- 
dence produced by the kid- 
nappers to support their claim 
that they bad killed M SeuraL 

The statement denied an 
earlier claim by an anony- 
mous telephone caller that 
Islamic Jihad had kidnapped 
the four French television 
newsmen seized in west Beirut 
on Saturday. 

Industry costs fall 

Industry’s raw material and 
fuel costs have fallen by 9.5 
per cent over the past year — 
the biggest annual decline 
since the 1950s — according to 
Government figures. 

The fall is because of lower 
olL, commodity and domestic 

energy prices, and the pound’s 
relatively strong performance 
against the dollar. 

The prices charged by in- 
dustry rose by 5 per cent in the 
12 months to February, the 
smallest rise for more than ten 
years. Page 17 

Carrington plea to Spain 

From Richard Owen 

Lord Carrington, the Nato 
Secretary-General, yesterday 
made a last-minute appeal to 
Spanish voters to back Senor 
Felipe Gonzdlez, the Spanish 
Prime Minister, and vote 
“yes” in tomorrow’s referen- 
dum on Nato membership. 

Lord Carrington said a “no” 
vote would be a big political 
setback fin* the West and 
would run counter to Spam's 
efforts to “come out of its 
shell” and end its isolation 
from Western Europe. 

Withdrawal from Nato so 
soon after joining the EEC 
would be “an illogical thing to 
do” and would hurt Spain 
more than the alliance. 

“I hope even at this late 
stage they won't doit,” he told 

The Times in an interview at 
Nato headquarters “I hope 
very much the Spanish people 
realize that the Western Alli- 
ance is as much European as 
American and that it is an 
essential part of the European 
Community and political co- 

Lord Carrington empha- 
sized that Spain’s withdrawal 
would not necessarily spell the 
end of its association with 
Nato in the long term. He also 
underlined Nato’s continuing 
strength and cohesion, point- 
ing out that it has existed for 
36 years, whereas Spain has 
been a member for only four 

A “no" vote in foe referen- 
dum would not necessarily 
reflect what the people of 
Spain really wanted, he said. 

since the right-wing parties 
were urging voters to abstain, 
even though they were pro 
Naio. “You may ge l an answer 
which is not wholly 

On arms control. Lord 
Carrington said there bad 
been movement forward in 
talks on medium-range mis- 
siles in Europe, with the 
Russians prepared to balance 
SS20s against cruise and Per- 
shing 2 missiles, provided 
British and French nuclear 
forces were frozen. 

The drawback, however, 
was that Britain and France 
could not be expected to 
accept “perpetual nuclear 

Fraga defiant, page 7 
Interview, page 12 

Testing Sir and Miss on the three Rs m Texas 

L*«r grpert 4 

By Michael Binyon 

School tables have been, 
turned ea foe teachers m 
Texas. After months of ner- 
roas swotting, protests, and 
attempts to pl*y 
200,000 teachers were yester- 
day sweating it out in class- 
rooms across foe state takmg 
their exams, while their gfee- 
fid pupils were given foe day 

The teachers were being 
tested to see if they really 
knew bow to teachJSoae 95 
per o Bit are expected to reach 
the passmark, set at a mlai- 

ifinm of 75 per cesf. ■ 

Bat foe KMW0 Kkely to 
flunk their exams and foe 

make-op test on Jose 28 win 
have to drop opt of school 
rather late in life. 

The foDares wffl be dis- 
missed next year, and barred 
from iparfiing raless their 
schools can make oot a spedal 
case to keep them on. And 
even then, they wifl have to 
bone up on then* three Rs and 
take foe exam again. 

The compulsory competen- 
cy test is part of a wide- 
ranging effort by Governor 
Mark White to raise academic 
standards in. foe Lone Star 
state, and predictably has 
drawn bowls of anguished 
outrage from the teachers. The 
reform Bill was passed in 
19S4, and era* awe then 

teachers hate been lobbying 
against this day off reckoning. 

Two weeks ago, some 2,500 
marched on the state Educa- 
tion Office in Austin. Last 
week, lawyers for the Texas 
State Teachers' Association 
tried in vain to block foe exam 
in court.’ 

The exam consisted of 85 
maltiple-cboice questions and 
a short essay — 150 words 
long. The teachers’ examiners 
wOl hand out foe marks at foe 
beginning of May. 

Teachers have been going to 
crammers to help them nmg np 
basic reading and writing 

Some of foe practice ques- 
tions include the 

foIlowing?* i Wbere could an 
educator find a set of syn- 
onyms and antonyms for a 
particular word? A. an ency- 
clopaedia, Ban index, C, a 
thesaurus, D, a bibliography” 

Another question runs: 
“Read foe following, adapted 
from an education textbook; 
Grades should be based on foe 
summarive evaluation, not the 
formative one. Which of foe 
following is foe best definition 
of summadre as nsed above? 
A.Tbe initial diagnosis prior 
to instruction; B.The final 
assessment after instruction; 
C.Tbe intermediate assess- 
ment midway into 
iostrnetiomD.The annual 

standardized test's results” 

Governor White argues that 
teachers should be willing to 
accept the test as a fair 
exchange for what they gained 
from the 1984 BDL, including 
upgraded pay-scales, smaller 
classes, and guaranteed prepa- 
ration times in school hoars. 

Arkansas and Georgia have 
attempted to test teachers. But 
as the controversial movement 
to pay teachers merit money 
according to their abilities to 
teach gathers momentum 
across the country, other 
states are watching Texas to 
see whether yesterday’s bis 
exam leads to real improve- 
ment in the classroom. 

Doctors attack 
increase for 


By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

The Princess of Wales arriving at Westminster Abbey 
yesterday for an Observance for Commonwealth. 

French hostage 
shown ‘dead’ 

From Oar Correspondent, Beirut 

Islamic Jihad's latest claim 
was made amid efforts by 
Paris to secure foe release of 
the eight Frenchmen. Emis- 
saries to Lebanon and Syria 
began yesterday a series of 
contacts in Beirut and Damas- 

The effort appeared to have 
suffered a setback, however, as 
Iran, considered the key to 
establishing contacts with 
Shia Muslim fundamentalists 
in Lebanon, refused to issue a 
visa to a third envoy. 

The Islamic Jihad state- 
ment said: “We insist that foe 
lives of the three remaining 
hostages depends oil how 
quickly foe Bench Govern- 
ment meets our demands 
which are vere dear and 
detailed. Therefore it should 
spare itself despatching en- 
voys whose missions have no 
justification other than fooling 
foe French public and betray- 
ing its interests." 

M Seurat was kidnapped in 
west Beirut last May. Islamic 
Jihad held him and three other 
Frenchmen hostage, demand- 
ing France stop supplying i 
aims to Iraq. 

The demands have broad- 
ened, however, to include foe , 
return of two pro-Iranian 
Iraqis deported to Baghdad 
after they were captured in an 
anti-terrorist dragnet in Paris 
last month. 

Photograph, page 7 

Prescription charges are to 
rise by 20p. at close to double 
foe rate of inflation, to £2.20p, 
but there is to be no increase 
in denial charges or charges 
for spectacles. Mr Barney 
Hayhoe, Minister for Health, 
said yesterday. 

This means prescription 
charges have risen eleven-fold 
from 2 Op in 1979 when foe 
Conservatives came to power. 

The increase was criticized 
yesterday by opposition MPs 
and Ity foe British Medical 
Association which warned it 
would deter still more patients 
from seeking treatment. 

But the British Denial Asso- 
ciation welcomed the decision 
not to increase dental charges 
following last year’s 25 per 
cent rise. 

It said: “We have been 
warning ministers that foe 
increases would put people off 
visiting foe dentist and per- 
haps foe message has finally 
got through.” 

The BMA earlier this 
month called for an urgent 
review of prescription charges. 
It gave a warning that doctors 
up and down the country were 
aware that some people were 
not seeking treatment because 
their income was just too high 
to qualify for free prescrip- 
tions and they could not 
afford foe charge of £2 an 

“This further increase at 
above the rate of inflation will 
simply make foe situation 

Child wins 



A girl, aged six, who was 
bom with irreversible handi- 
caps and can neither talk nor 
walk, was awarded £600,000 
damages in foe High Court 

Mr Justice Turner was told 
that Caroline TurviUe had to 
he held every waking hour and 
cuddled to sleep each night by 
her parents since she was boro 
prematurely at foe South Lon- 
don Hospital for Women and 
Children in October 1979. 

Mr Peter Turville, aged 40, 
and Mrs Jane Turville, aged 
39. of Clarence Avenue. 
Clapham Park, south west 
London, sought damages for 
negligence against Miss Elsie 
Sibfoorpe. a consultant obste- 
trician, and Wandsworth 
Health Authority, which they 

Mr George Carman. QC, 
counsel for foe Turvilles. said 
the family bad “discounted" 
20 per cent of what they 
believed was a conservative 
valuation of foe claim. 

Mr Turville said after foe 
hearing: “The settlement is to 
care for Caroline. She will 
need constant therapy in order 
to develop to her greatest 
potential” Page 3 

worse,” a BMA spokesman 

Mr Hayhoe said the 10 per 
cent increase was in line wilh 
foe rising costs of medicines, 
foe increase in which was 
running above general infla- 

Seventy-five per cent of 
prescriptions were issued 
without charge, he said, with 
pensioners, expectant and 
nursing mothers, those on 
supplementary benefit and 
others on low income all 

The rise would mean that 
foe proportion of NHS spend- 
ing met through charges 
would fall slightly this year. 

Parliament 4 

He said that a review of the 
exemptions, including exemp- 
tions for specified conditions 
such as eplilepsy, had been 
completed and that foe exist- 
ing range of exemptions would 

Charges for prescription 
season tickets are to rise in 
line with the 10 per cent 
increase to £12 for the four- 
monthly ticket and £33.50 for 
foe annual season ticket 

Mr Hayhoe told the House 
that savings from the limited 
list of drugs introduced last 
April were still expected to be 
£75 million in a fill! year — foe 
original figure foe Govern- 
ment anticipated. 

in second 
death trial 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

A Londoner aged 22 was 
acquitted yesterday of foe 
murder of Leonie’ Damiey, 
aged 7. after facing his second 
trial at foe Central Criminal 
Court for her murder in July 

At the end of the first trial 
last December foe jury failed 
to agree over the guilt of 
Patrick Reilly, aged 24. and a 
retrial was ordered. 

Yesterday at foe end of 
deliberations lasting more 
than six hours foe jury re- 
turned a verdict of not guilty, 
and were then told that Reilly 
had pleaded guilty to six other 
sex assault charges. 

Members of foe jury were 
shocked at foe news and two 
women jurors wept as they left 
court. The judge said that he 
had not wanted to burden the 
jury immediately with the 
knowledge that Reilly, who 
did not give evidence, had 
admitted other offences. 

The prosecution alleged 
that Mr Reilly, a labourer 
living in a north London 
hostel was linked to foe 
killing by four human hairs 
and three doth fibres. 

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ill in oil prices forces 
change in Alliance 

By Richard Evans 

. .. The crash in North Sea oil because the drop in the price 
■ prices has forced SDP-Liberal of oil has brought the prob- 
; * leaders to trim their hopes for Jems of oil running out that 
cutting Britain's record jobless much earlier. 

'figures, it was disclosed y ester- “That resource on our bal- 

day. ance of payments has declined 

,, . • Instead of reducing unem- substantially by 40 per cent 
. - ployment by one million with- over the last few months as a 
-•'•-in three years as forecast 12 result of the fell in oil prices. 

.months ago, an Alliance That is a major constraint in 
. ' .'“budget** unveiled by Dr Da- expanding the economy.** 

‘ i vid Owen and Mr David Steel The Alliance “budget" pri- 

The Alliance “budget* 

■"now tails of cutting the dole orities hinge on action on jobs, 
queues by 750,000 during the Proposals for a short-term 

same period. 

1116 Community 
Programme to 460.000 places 
35 a towards a job 
• gening more and raorediffi- long-tom 

cult for creating jobs. One of SempbyX 
- the major problems is the H 3 
*“ -horrendous balance of pay- e Cutting the cost of employ- 
ments problems which are ing labour by a 10 per cent 
■— stacking up for the country reduction in all rates of 

boost to the economy include: 


G Cutting the cost of employ- 
ing labour by a 10 per cent 
reduction in all rates of 

Tory call for jobs aid 
before tax reductions 

./• . A Conservative call for next 

- week's Budget to give priority 
to unemployment relief rather 
than tax cats was submitted to 

.. Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chao- 
cellor of the Exchequer, yes- 
\ f today. 

- The moderate Tory Reform 
:: Group rejects the “prevailing 
' -■orthodoxy" in the party that 
.i preference should be given, if 
“resources allow, to catting the 
>r basic income tax rate or 
* raising personal tax allow- 

- ances faster than necessary to 
match inflati on, an object they 


“We believe that any extra 
resources should be used to cut 
' unemployment by spending on 
direct job creation through 
■ ' essential public investment" 
Anne Bulloch, Christopher 
" Mockler and Charles WH- 
Bams, three former officials of 
the Conservative Research 
''Department, say in their sub- 

By George Hill 

or next mission. Giving Most Help 
iriority Where The Need Is Greatest. 
rather “We are convinced that om- 
itted to society will benefit more in 
Chan- terms of both jobs and welfare 
r. yes- from increased spending on 
housing, on education, on 
Reform health and on the needs of 
‘T ailin g both Inner cities and shire 
ty that counties," the authors add. 
iven, if They call for action to bring 
ing the down interest rates into closer 
ate or line with those prevailing in 
allow- comparable countries, as this 
sary to would help businesses and 
ct they increase employment without 
endangering the Government's 
counter-inflation strategy, 
dfnent “VAT shoB W be removed 
linL An fr°m home improvement costs, 
hrmroh It is sheer false economy not to 
iz"®" do everything we can to im- 
unnir «*r housing stock", the 

report says. 

j , r Giving Alost Help Where The 
cia “ Need Is Greatest (Tory Reform 
search Group. 9 Poland Street, London 
irsnb- WIN}. 

employers* National Insur- 
ance contributions; 

• Three per cent increase in 
unemployment and child 
benefits, and pensions; 

O Expansion of education and 
training for skills pro- 

Those measures would cost 
£3.5 billion in a full year. In 
addition there would be £2 
billion extra capital spending 
on house construction, renew- 
ing outdated hospitals, re- 
building crumbling sewers 
and essential road construc- 

“The increased borrowing 
resulting from this expansion 
would be modest; £3 J billion 
in the fust full year," the 
budget document states. 

In the battle against infla- 
tion, the Alliance has come up 
with a new payroll incentive — 
through reduced employers' 
National Insurance contribu- 
tions — which would be given 
to companies reaching long- 
term pay settlements below 
the inflation limit 

Mr Tom King (left), Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, who yesterday condemned 

Dr Owen, told the Industri- wuonist attempts to undermine police morale in Ulster, and Mr James Mi 

al Society in London yester- 
day: “A Budget should 
buttress an industrial strategy 
and lay the foundations for a 
lasting economic recovery, 
based on industrial regenera- 
tion, an incomes strategy and 
industrial partnership. 

“That requires a well- 
judged blend of innovation 
and stability; we have few of 
these factors boosting Britain 

"An irresponsible buying of 
votes rather than an industrial 

the Official Unionist Party, who denied encouraging political 

leader of 

‘Split pay 
care from 
NHS’ call 

By Nicholas Tunmins 
Social Services 

Private medicine should be 

Mixed reaction to 
manifesto report 

By AnthonyBevms, Political Correspondent 

Conservative MPs reacted 
with a mixture of delight. 

tumiv on the understanding 
that if an opponent attracted 

disbelief and dismay yester- between 50 and 100 votes he 
day to The Times report that could weaken her grip on the 

strategy is likely to form the split from the National Health 
basisfor the run-up to the next Service with consultants 
election." barred from working in both 

He said that if extra cash 
was to be found for industrial 
recovery and higher employ- 
ment big spending pro- 
grammes such as health, social 

sectors, a Labour Party- 
backed group opposed to pri- 
vate medicine said yesterday. 

NHS Unlimited publisheda 
report detailing 150 alleged 

services and local authority cases of abases in the health 
services could not have in- service caused by private prac- 

creases in their rate of growth. 
Aid for arts, page 5 




■ By Our Political Staff 
. Education and training 
.could become the responsibil- 
ity: of a single government 
.^department under a Labour 
administration with employ- 
ers required to spend more on 
courses for staff. 

A Labour Party discussion 
document published yester- 
day says the present fragment- 
ed system has failed to meet 
needs and demands it ought to 

The Government is accused 
of encouraging “elitism" and 
competition for limited places 
rather than equitable and 
open provision. 

The central theme of the 
document. Education and 
Training: Options of Labour, 
is the need for Britain to 
become "a learning society", 
involving all the people. 

"This will mean changing 
attitudes and overcoming the 
entrenched resistance which 
has dragged down the British 
"training level to one of the 
fewest in the .developing 
.^world". it says. 

' While the education system 
"tis organized around intellectu- 
al achievement under the 
Department rf Education and 
Science umbrella, training is 
largely job-related and deliv- 
ers by a “plethora" of 
schemes, the document says. 

The document contrasts ihe 
40 per cent of British students 
aged 17 in full-time education 
with ihe 80 io 90 per ceni 
figure of West Germany and 

• A primary school 
headteacher yesterday told a 
Commons select committee 
how a shortage of fends 
prevented her from buying the 
compasses and maps neces- 
sary to give her pupils a basic 
grounding in geography. 

Each compass would have 
cost £8 and each large-scale 
local map £3. Mrs Wendy 
Morgan, of Elraset. Suffolk, 
told theeducation committee. 
The outlay was out of the 
question. . 

Girls’ bravery praised 

Nicola Smith (left) who 
helped police to amst three 
men after an armed bank 
robbery was yesterday pre- 
sented with a Britannia Ar- 
row-Ross McWhirto Young 
Citizen Award for six to 11- 
year-ofcls. at a ceremony in 

Nicola, aged 11, of Horn- 
church, Essex, was only nine 
when she memorized the n am- 
ber of the getaway car and 

gave police a good description 
of the robbers. 

With her is Jennifer 
Christensen, aged 18, who was 
given a 10 per cent chance of 
survival after being severely 
injured by a stolen car two 
years ago. Jennifer, from 
Brombo rough, Merseyside, 
lay in a coma for eight days 
after the accident She was 
given a special award few her 
courage in the 15 to 18 age 

lice, with Mr Rank Dobson, 
Labour’s health spokesman, 
saying that while the proposal 
to divorce private practice 
from the health service was 
not official Labour Party poli- 
cy it still “needs to be seriously 

The report follows audits in 
1984 which showed that the 
NHS was losing millions of 
pounds in private patient 
Income, from the failure of 
consultants to tell administra- 
tors about private patients, 
and of authorities to collect 
the money properly. j 

It says:“The only way to 1 
ensure that the health service 
is not abused and neglected 
through private practice is the 
complete separation of NHS 
and commercial medicine. 

The report came out as Mr 
Barney Hayboe, Minister for 
Health, issued new detailed 
guidance to health authorities 
on private practice. 

Deposits covering the full 
cost of treatment should be 
collected, the guidance says, 
unless there are good grounds 
for believing that no difficulty 
will arise over paymenL 

Bills should be presented 
weekly and final settlement 
sought before private patients 
are discharged Private pa- ' 
i tients should pay the full cost | 
I of non-emergency transport in I 
I a health service ambulance, 
and consultants must keep 
| common waiting lists to avoid 
queue jumping. 

Mr Hayboe said that private i 
practice raised £56 million last 
year in England. 

the Prime Minister was plan- 
ning to fight the next election 
on a full-blooded, radical 

But her supporters and op- 
ponents both agreed that there 
was no question about her 
ultimate power to outface 
Cabinet and backbench crit- 

But some of her opponents 
said that if the Conservatives 
put up a poor showing in the 
three impending by-elections, 
the May local elections and in 
summer opinion polls the 
pressure for retrenchment 
could be overwhelming. 

An attempt might be made 
to undermine Mrs Thatcher's 
authority by launching a lead- 
ership challenge in the an- 


The manifesto, which began 
as the Prime Minister's elec- 
tion address, will carry the 
firm imprint of Mrs 
Thatcher's conviction politics. 

Although there was no set 
form for establishing a mani- 
festo, one central source said 
that there were precedents for 
the Cabinet considering a 
draft document It was said 
yesterday that the February 
1974 manifesto, drafted by Mr 
Nigel Lawson, bad been con- 
sidered by the Cabinet albeit 
at a late stage. 

The draft manifestoes for 
the October 1974 and 1979 
elections had also been con- 
sidered by the Conservative 
Shadow cabinets. 

Protest by Pay board 
seamen on looks at 

hospital farm claim 

British ferry services are 
expected to be halted or 
disrupted on Thursday by a 
24-boor stoppage called by the 
National Union of Seamen. 

The move is in protest 
against plans to dose the 113- 
year-old Dreadnought 
Seamen's Hospital at Green- 
wich and transfer patients to 
St Thomas's Hospital, Lam- 
beth, sooth London. 

Union leaders said they 
expected services to Northern 
Ireland, the Orkneys and 
Shedands, the Isle of Man and 
the Channel Islands to be 

British ferries to and from 
the Continent and the Irish 
Republic win be affected, al- 
though some space on foreign 
services will be arailaNe. Mr ! 
Barney Hayboe, Minister for | 
Health, has approved the do- 
sure of the 14$>bed hospital* i 

Thatcher will be ousted, Wilson says 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
talks too mech, takes on too 
much, and ber party will “drop 
her as fast as It can" If things 

“The trouble is that she 
talks too much and takes too 
much on herself. She's not 
getting the support she needs. 

ran a country just by trying to was on the wagon. Well, of 
balance the books, and by course, be wasn't" 

throwing millions out of work Lord Wilson added: “The 

go wrong, Lord Wilson of because she has not sarronnd- 
Rievauix, the former Labour ed herself with very good 

until you do so. You have to trouble was that he could get 
think of the conseqeences and drunk mi next to nothing, so it 

Prime Minister, said in a 
magazine interview today. 

According to Woman's 
Owl, Lord Wilson, who is 70 
today, believed the present 
Prime Minister to be thought- 
ful and caring. 

But be added: “The trouble 

people. It's no good trying to 
run a country single-hand ed- 
Lord Wilson said Mrs 
Thatcher's biggest problem 
was her reluctance to delegate 
and listen to others. “Whatev- 
er happens in Cabinet, shell 
still sum up decisions in the 

is she doesn't apply those way she wants," he said. 

/iiialafiaf nmrOlin m mif ^ T M«u 4 Ur’iScfUV OillU Iffflri 

qualities to government" 

Lord Wilson, who resigned 
10 years ago this week, said: 
“You need a thug to fight her 
and we (the Labour Party) 
didn't have one. 

Lord Wilson admitted that 
be had always liked the Prime 
Minister personally and there 
was a side to her that few knew 

But he added: “You can't 

the cost to people. You have to 
use heart” 

Lord Wilson also said in the 
interview that the late Lord 
George-Brown was so drunk 
the night he resigned as 
Foreign Secretary “he could 
hardly walk to the back 

Lord Wilson said: “The 
biggest mistake I ever made 
was to appoint George Brown 
as Foreign Secretary. 

“He had gone through Lent 
without towhing a drop of 
drink and be insisted that he 

was a disaster. 

“He was such a fine man 
when be was sober _ but tbe 
night be resigned be was so 
drunk be could hardly walk to 
the back benches. 

“The whole House was very 
embarrassed - 

Lord George-Brown, who 
died last June aged 70, re- 
signed as Foreign Secretary in 
the Wilson government in 
March 1968. Political 
comments torssaid it was the 
culmination of a Wilson- 
Brown feud. 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The Agricultural Wages 
Board met yesterday to deter- 
mine its response to a claim by 
the Transport and General 
Workers' Union for a 56 per 
cent pay increase for Britain's 
3 1 6.000 form workers. 

The union has repeated its 
perennial demand for “parity" 
with average earnings in other 
industries which, it says, 
would entail a minimum wage 
for fuQ time workers of £140 a 

Its daim also includes a 
reduction in the working week 
from 40 to 35 hours, an 
increase in annual holiday 
entitlement from four to five 
weeks, and belter terms for 
part-time and seasonal work- 

Mr Christopher French, 
vice-president of the National 
Fanners' Union, who is lead- 
ing the employers' ride in the 
negotiations, has dismissed 
the claim as wholly unrealistic 
in the light of an officially 
estimated 43 per cent fen in 
farmers’ incomes last year. 

According .to a recent sur- 
vey by the Low Pay Unit, the 
gap between agricultural and 
other industrial earnings is 
now £41 a bead, and more 
than one in five full time farm 
workers are eligible for family 
income supplement. 

may meet 
Dean on 


clues in 



By Michael HersneU 

Mr Norman Willis, general 
secretary of the TUC, __ B 
arming to arrange a meeting 

between Mr Rupert Murdoch, 

chairman of News Interna- 
tionaL and the print nmoo 
leader Miss Brenda Dean, in 

an attempt to settle the disput e 

over the newspaper groups 
move to Wapping, 

Sources at TUC headquar- 
ters in London said yesterday 
that Mr WDtis plans to pave 
the way for top-level talks at a 
■wring this week between 
union tenders and Mr Brace 
Matthews, the company’s 
I^anuging director. . 

But last night tire company 
made ft dear that negotiations 

involving Mr Murdoch could 
taV» place only if. the anions 
accept they win not be allowed 
Sto-wS Talks about 
compensation could then go 

Mr Murdoch met leaders of 
the National Union Of Jour- 
nalists at the plant and the 
four editors yesterday. 

The four fathers (chairmen) 
of the chapel said they were 
satisfied with “the construc- 
tive tone of the meeting" « feft 
remained concerned about the 
protracted nature of the dis- 
pate and about those who had 

been dismissed. 

They expressed concern 
about the hostile environment 
and restricted access to normal 

contacts, and told Mr Mur- 
doch he could not rely on 

journalists accepting sm± con- 
ditions indefinitely. They 
arged a swift and compassion- 
ate end to the dispate. 

After the meeting, Mr Mur- 
doch said: *T welcome the 
support journalists expressed 
today for the use of the new 
technology at Wapping, and 
admire the speed and skill 
with which they've taken to ft. 

“I sympathize with the con- 
cern they expressed about tire 
difficulties of producing good 
journalism muter ‘siege'coodi- 
tions. We all hope these 
conditions will end as' soon as 
possible. In the meantime 
management wiB do what it 
can to protect the safety of oar 

journalists and the editorial 
integrity of the papers. 

“f pointed out to the FOCs 
that there is an important, 
positive side to our move to 
Wapping. We have secured 
the fetere of four tides. Includ- 
ing the . . hundreds of 
journalists' jobs which depend 
on them. This is particniarfy 
true of The Times, which for 
the first time in many decades 
is now on a firm Unsocial 

. “Moreover, editorial integ- 
rity was under greater threat 
before we came to Wapping, 
when journalists were never 
sure our papers would be 
printed or their editorial free- 
dom respected by the print 

pnfmig , 

“I appreciate the FOCs' 
concern for those who went on 
strike and were sacked. I hope 
they will express die same 
concern to those who called 
than out on strike. And I 
welcome the FOCs' remark 
that there Is no desire among 
the journalists to have 'peace 
at any price’ and no pressme 
on the company from the 
journalists to agree any settle- 
ment which would allow the 
oM print unions in Wapping." 

A forthcoming meeting be- 
tween Mr Matthews and the 
five newspaper unions will be 
purely exploratory. 

Mr Matthews said: “We 
bare to take it very steadily to 
build bridges of 

But be warned “It is impor- 
tant to find out whether they 
want redundancy, baring ac- 
knowledged the fight for 
Wapping is over. That would 
take ns to a new stage in 

No sum of money has been 
earmarked to deal with hard- 
ship, he said. 

• Pobticntics of the Scot- 
tish Daily Record appeared 
tmfikely last night after anoth- 
er dispute between, fts publish- 
er, Mr Robot Maxwell, and 
600 print workers. 

Members of the print miim 
Sogat *82 were told for the 
second time in two weeks rim* 
they had effectively dismissed 

Publication was suspended 
when printers refused to set an 
editorial after bring refused a 
right of reply. 

By Stewart Tendter and 
Frances Gibb 

New Stansted 
terminal is 

By Michael Badly 
Transport Editor - 

Government approval for ft 
£290 million investment by 
the British Airports Authority 
in a new terminal at Stansted 
was announced by Mr Mi- 
chael Spicer, Munster . for 
Aviation, in the Commons 

Work is expected to start 
around the end of the year, 
subject to detailed pfenning 
permission from UttieSford 
district council, which fiercely 
opposedderetopmern of Stan- 
sted. until PariiamenfL ap- 
proved it last year. 

The money win buy a new 
terminal, raising Stansted -ca- 
pacity to eight millionpassen- 
gers a year in about 1991 bat 
not a- new rail link, for which. 
British Rail is at present 
seeking separate parliamenta- 

ry approval. 

That will cost another £40 
million plus rolling stock, and 
is. intended to Hnk the. new 
airport terminal with Liver- 
pool Street in London.' 



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Descriptions of six pieces of 
di stincti ve persona! jewetieiY.. 
were released yesterday^ by 
detectives hunting the three 
men who raped a vicar's 
daughter in west London. 
They also beat her father and 
boy friend and then fled after 
bursting the home. . 

Meanwhile the Press Coun- 
cil said if would hold its Own 
inquiry into newspaper cover- 
age of dm case amid accusa- 
tions from MPS and others 
that some sections of the'prcss 
had behaved “appallingly". 

Police bdievc the jewatliery 
will strengthen their chances 
of catching the three men as 
any attempt to sell the pieces 
will immediately identify their 

Apart from the jewellery 
police now know that a man’s 
wallet was taken, ft contained 
some personal items. - 

Details of the jewellery were 
released as police at the inci- 
dent room in west .London 
fikd the latest in 500 pieces of 
information since;- ’appeals 
were made fee the public's 

Scotland Yard said the inci- 
dent rooom had received its 
1 , 000 th call, since it-was 
opened at HanweH. 

Detective; . hoped that 
pawnshops and secondhand 
jewellery dealenV would- take 
note of the descriptions of the 
misting pieces and. report fo 
the police immediately if they 
saw them. - . 

No commercial value Jias 
been placed on the nieces 
which are said to be or great 
sentimental value and unique 
in appearance: 

The pieces are; a hologram 
of a green spider on a gold 
chain; a real shell set in gold; 
an American sand dollar 
(which is a shell) set in gold;* 
gold locket on a chain wth a 
picture of the vicar's father-in- 
law, and a gold tie-pin about 
three inches long which has a 
guard on the point fashioned 
in tire shape ora jockey's cap 
in blue and white stripes. The 
wallet had the initials MS in 

Mr Kenneth Morgan, direc- 
tor of the Press Council, said 
yesterday that a complaints 
committee of the council 
would study the reports and 
pictures which have been 
published, and ask ihe editors 
concerned for ibeir comments 
on the. coverage and. conduct 

of fo eh newspapers." : 

The inquiry Js bang ret up 
after complaints about details 
of last week’s attack in some 
newspapers and television 
bulletins and in. particular a 
front page picture of the 
alleged rape victim in The Sun 
newspaper, with the gill’s eyes 
Hacked out . ! 

Mr Robin Corbett, Labour 
MP for Erdmgion, has tabled a 
parliamentary question for 
priority answer by the. Attor- 
ney General tomorrow asking 
whether he wifi institute pro- 
ceedings against The Sun for 
breach of ihe law guaranteeing 
anonymity to rape victims 
and to defendants. 


# . ■ lisp rrui 


Tf*~* .• r-.- v 

3 . n r . . 

• • 2 "yi-l - .. 




) j\x & J 



A child aged six who has 
simered multiple handicaps 
H? Sfr With and has to bc 

wSSne hiS? *e Turvffles. claimed that'if 


uk High Court, Mr chance that the child would 

Lack of oxygen tnthebmm 
had caused severe damage and 
medical experts, consulted by 

Justice Thmer was told how 
Caroline TurviUe’s devoted 
Ifrents had to coddle her to 
Jteep^evay night because of 
.the “terrible and irreversible 
handicaps" she had suffered 
«nce ber premature birth at 
the South London .Hospital 
for Women and Children in 
October 1979. 

. . The child was unable to 
speak or sit - unaided «*ul 
would be totally dependant on 
others for the rest of her life, 
Mr George Carman, QC, told 
the court 

.He blamed Miss Elsie 
Sibthorpe, a consultant obste- 
trician, who had been contact- 
ed privately by the parents 
because of problems during 
the birth of their first child. 

Mrs Jane Turvifie, aged 39, 
and Mr Peter Turville, aged 
40, of Clarence Avenue. 
Clapham Park, south-west 
London, had been told by 
. Miss Sibthorpe, who was 
present at the birth, that there 
were no risks although the 
baby might be born prema- 

have been bom healthy and 

Mr Carman 'said that she 
needed constant assistance 
with 'feeding, dressing gnd 
toilet needs. 

Experts at the hearing said 
that her parents .were giving 
her as good, if not better, care 
as she would receive in a' 
special home. . . : 

tyEr Carman criticaasd de- 
lays by represe n tatives ofMiss 

Sibtborpe and the Wands- 
. wonh. Health. . Authority,, 
which was responsible for the 
hospital, in tteg a settle- 
ment. They denied negligence. 

“ He said the feet that the 
- settlement afier was as high as 
£600,000 could be seen as 
“powerfiil confirmation” that 
would have been 

. “A daim on a full liability 
basis would be worth in excess 
of £1 million”, Mr Carman 

Mr Peter Turvflle after the 
hearing yesterday. 

Mr Ian Kennedy, counsel 
forMss Sibthbrpe, said he 
was concerned ai the sugges- 
tion of a delay. There had been 
“long and anxious discussions 
as to the question of lability”. 

It was not a case which 
showed any “gross lade of 
care”, he said. 

The health authority said: 
“We know that it is not going 
to be easy to care for .Caroline 
in the years ahead and we are 
glad that settlement in this sad. j 
case has bedi reached.” The 
authority agreed fcrpaytbe 
parents’ legal costs. 

The biggest damages ever 
received in a British court in a 
medical negligence case was 
£679,264 awarded at Cardiff 
last December to Miss Linda 
Thomas, aged 17, for brain 

Healthy diet drive 

■ By NfclmlasTmiiniBs,SocialSeivk*s Correspondent 

_ Government and EEC poli- - jam, for example, has - to ably high* 1 
cies are promoting an un- contain at least 60 per cent 
healthy diet by subsidizing sugar and ice cream must have 
potentially harmfol foods atleast 5 per cent mill fet to 
SUCh as Sugar, fet milk, butter he. lahrilwiria i r y ire n wim J the 
and low-fibre .white bread, the association said. 

” ^ ' " “ Three-fifths of the fet con- 

Brmsh Medical Association 
said yesterday. 

It also suggested that higher 
prices could be used to dis- 
courage consumption in other 
areas such as alcohoL 
'Existing controls on food, 
from labelling to manufacture, 
“do nothing to promote nutri- 
tional quality” and some regu- 
lations are positively harmf ul: 

sumed in Britain was eaten in 
“invisble -form”, mostly in 
manufactured foods, dairy 
produce and meat products, it 
added. Half the national in- 
take of sugar and salt is hidden 
in manufactured foods. 

EEC policies encourage sub- 
sidies for im'Tlr and butter 

which promoted an “undesir- 

Crisp makers abandon 
use of some additives 

- ^ ByRohin young - " x ; 

antioxidants, E320aad E32L 
Both of these are burned in 
foods specifically designed fin* 
babies and- young children. 

Although Professor Donald 
Nusmith, of King’s College, 
London, said at the 
association** conference yes- 
terday that snack foods such 
as crisps had been maligned 
by people who “resorted to the 
tactics of the terrorist,” at 
least one, lea d i n g man nfeetn rer 
has also responded to public 
concern about die fet content - 
of crisps bjr marketing a low- 
calorie version. 

KP uses steam treatment to 
Mow smfece fid off the low 
calorie maps in completing 
the cooking process. 

- Britain's potato crisp maBn- 
fectnrers, wfe> are' promoting 
. their prodnet as the healthiest 
form oi|K«x»edsud food, 
announced yesterday tint they 
are progressively elimin a tin g 
some ef the additives. 

The Snack Nut and Crisp 
Manufacturers Association 
said in London that several 
member companies were aban- 
doning the use of artificial 
colouring agents nsed in the 
flavouring mixes for some 

It also, said that Wcanse 
crisps were sold with shorter 
shelf life and nsed more 
refined vegetable oil, compa- 
nies would be able to discon- 
tinue the use of the 

consumption of 
saturated fet while import 
levies were imposed on oil- 
seeds and vegetable oils. 

A change in the grading of 
carcasses for sheep, cattle and 
pigs could encourage farmers 
to produce leaner meat 

Future pricing policies 
should take public health into 
account, the association said 
m a report by its board of 
science on diet nutrition and 
health, and should “promote a 
shift away from potentially 
harmful food products”. 

A national strategy to pro- 
mote health and prevent dis- 
ease, particularly in the 
prevention of diet-related ill- 
nesses which include heart 
disease strokes and cancers, is 
“urgently needed”. . 

' Supermarket groups could 
also help by using their pur- 
chasing power to include more 
health products on the 

They could do moreto per- 
suade people to eat more fresh 
vegetables, wholemeal bread 
and other cereals. 

The Health Education 
Council has a budget of only 
£9 million against £400 mil- 
lion m advertising by the food 

"The changes needed in the 
national diet, -the association 
said, are not as drastic as those 
that were implemented in the 
Second World War when su 
ar consumption fell markedly 
and intake of fibre rose which, 
with other changes unproved 
the health of the population. 

Miss Jo Royal (left)' of Southend-on-Sea, Essex, and Ashley Robinson, aged six, from 
Newton-le- Willows, Merseyside, showing off their tresses which made them winners in 
yesterday's Long and Lovely competition organized by Hair ma gazine . 

firm starts 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

Legal & General, one of 
Britain's largest insurance 
companies, yesterday 
launched a drive to combat the 
country's drinking problem 
which, it says, is one of the 
biggest causes of absenteeism 
at work. 

Latest statistics show that 
between two million andthree 
million people are drinking to 
excess, according to L&G, and 
hangovers cost industry 
£1,000 million a year in lost 
working days. 

As part of a “policy of social 
responsibility”, L&G has pro- 
duced a 12-minute video which 
aims to persuade drinkers to 
cut down on their alcohol 
consumption without horrify- 
ing people with “the evils of 

Although drinking is said to 
be associated with 80 per cent 
of deaths by fire, 40 per cent of 
all road accidents involving 
pedestrians and half of all 
murders, the company denied 
that Us chief purpose was to 
reduce insurance claims. 

The drinking video is aimed 
not at alcoholics, bat at those 
who enjoy a glass of beer, a 
shared bottle of wine or a gin 
and tonic when they get home 
from work”. 

L&G says that learning the 
art of sensible drinking is a 
skill as important as reading, 
writing and driving. 

Those most exposed to the 
drink problem, according to 
L&G, are publicans, waiters, 
salesmen, journalists, actors, 
soldiers and the expense ac- 
count executive. 

Girl saved 
by sword 

A company director who 
used a ceremonial sword to 
rescue a girl as she was being 
driven on. by a stranger was 
awarded £200 and praised for 
his “commendable speed, 
bravery and public spirit” by a 
judge at ibe Central Criminal 

Coun yesterday. • 

Judge Michael Coombc said 
be would have liked to. give a 
four-figure reward, to Mr Ter- 
ence Robinson, aged 51, but 
was restricted because the 
money was from public funds. 

Mr Robinson, of Greyfell 
Close. Stamnore, Middlesex, 
behaved “magnificently’ 
when he heard Tracey Roke, 
aged 18, screaming for help 
outside his home late at night. 

He grabbed a ceremonial 
sword, ran outside and 
stopped the car in which die 
was trapped. He wok the 
weeping giri into his home 
after noting the number of the 

The driver. Gary Kerwood- 
Hilte. aged 21. a welder, of 
Winchester Avenue, 
Kingsbury, north-west Lon- 
don, was jailed for two years 
when he admitted kidnapping 
Miss Roke. ... . _ 

Judgr Coombe said Miss 
Roke would have been sexual- 
ly molested by Kerwood-HUls 

if she had not been saved. 

“If more people, behaved 

like Mr Robinson it might 
hdp us apprehend wrong- 
doers more frequently. 

Bahy on lawn 
case for DPP 

Police investigating the dis- 
covery of a haJPcateB baby s 
bodv on a lawn . m Picton 
Gardens. Rayleigh, Essex, 
have sent a *T 
Director of Pn 

Detectives befiev* tia baby 
was about 15 hours old and 
had been pull 
fox.The baby’s 
traced and interriewea yester- 

to the. 

to smoke 

By Out Science 

Action against cigarette 
smoking can damage rivil 
liberties, and most people 
believe smokers should be left 
to make np their own minds 
about whether to cootmoe the 
habit, Forest, the pressure 
group, said yerterday. 

The group. Freedom Orga- 
nization for the Right toEnjoy 
Smoking Tobacco, published 
an opinion poll in the ren-qp to 
tomorrow's national No 
-Oinkin g Day, sponsored by 
health education and cancer 
research bodies. 

The poll, condncted by the 
Harris Research Centre, 
showed that 85 pm cent of 
non-smokers and 94 per cent 
of smokers agreed that people 
should be free to decide wheth- 
er to smoke. Only 12 per cent 
of smokers said they were not 
prepared to be considerate of 

However, surveys carried 
out by the Consumers’ Associ- 
ation showed that about half 
have wanted to ask others not 
to smoke. 

“Overall, the cancer risk to 
adults from second-hand 
smoke is - probably very 
small”, (he association said. 

phone link 
for planes 

By B31 Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Airline passengers should 
soon be able to make hotel and 
car hire bookings from the 
aircraft, if trials by the 
Inmarsat satellite organiza- 
tion prove successful. 

The services are an exten- 
sion of those being tested by 
airlines, including British. Air- 
ways, which allow passengers 
to make telephone calls while 
in flight 

Inmarsat and the Sori€t£ 
Internationale de Telecom- 
munications Aeronauti ques 
(Sita), which is trying to 
improve the communication 
links of its 295 member 
airlines which operate in 169 
countries, will hold the trials. 

Sita has not disclosed which 
airlines will take part in the 
first-set of trials..' 

The telecommunication 
links are provided by radio 
signals which are beamed 
from the aircraft to Inmarsat 
satellites orbiting the earth. 

These space craft, which 
provide telephone/data links 
to much of ihe world's com- 
mercial shipping, allow the 
aircraft in flight to be in direct 
contact with any destination 
in the world. 

‘Jobs rise 
in Sunday 

More than 100,000 part- 
time jobs could be created if 
Sunday trading restrictions 
were abolished, according to a 
report published yesterday. 

“The likely impacts of free 
Sunday trading are that retail 
sales wiD rise, and there will 
be a small net increase in jobs, 
mainly part-time and for 
women” Mr Terry Bnrke of 
the Polytechnic of Central 

London, said. „ 

“Free Sunday trading will 
provide a wider Choice of 
employment opportunities for 
part-time workers. Following 
on from the predicted in- 
creased sales and changes in 
shopping patterns, there wOl 
be changes in patterns of 

“New jobs will be created on 
Sundays bat others will be 
saved due to the smoothing of 
the peak sales periods. There 
wifi, however, be a small net 
increase in jobs, np to 2 per 
cent of the current retail 
labour force.” 

The report dismissed claims 
that free Sunday trading 
would disrupt famil y fife 
verely and said that perhaps 
120,000 married women with 
young children would work 
“bat by choice rather than as a 
condition of their regular 

Not all simps would open, 
bnt most ont-of-town 
superstores would treat Sun- 
day as a normal day, the report 

• Shop workers opposed to 
“the wholesale and indiscrimi- 
nate scrapping id the Slums 
Act” held a rally in London 
yesterday and handed in a 
300,000-name petition to 
m Palace, calling 
on the Queen to support their 

Gas explosion source found 

By Peter Davenport 

A £500,000 geological and 
seismic investigation has 
found the source of the meth- 
ane gas that caused the 
Abbey stead water station ex- 
plosion which killed 16 peo- 

The blast occurred during a 
tour of the valve house by 
villagers concerned that it was 
contributing to flooding in 
their area. 

Almost two years later its 
operators, the North-West 
Water Authority, yesterday 
disclosed the results of the 
independent survey. 

The report, by Exploration 


Thames, said that rocks three- 

quarters of a mile below the 
site of the valve house in north 
Lancashire have been generat- 
ing and releasing methane 
over millions of years. 

It had been held in a 
geological “trap", a natural 
limestone reservoir, from 
which it travelled towards the 
surface through a complex 
network of faults. The cutting 
of the tunnel had intersected 
the faults allowing the gas to 
seep in through shrinkage 
cracks in its concrete lining. 

The tunnel is used to trans- 
fer water from the river Lune 
to the river Wyre as part of the 
Lancashire Conjunctive Use 
Scheme opened by the Queen 
in May 1980. 

The cause of the ignition of 
the explosion in the valve 
house on May 23, 1984, which 
also injured 28 people, may 
never be known. 

An inquest jury returned 
verdicts of accidental death 
and recommended more de- 
tailed tests to establish the 

E resence of gas in similar 

Since the explosion water 
has been kept constantly in the 
tunnel to disperse the continu- 
ing seepage of methane into 
the atmosphere through a 
series of vents. 

The valve house has been 
left open to the air, its roof was 
blown off in the explosion, 
also to avoid a build-up. 





By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

Lie detector machines may 
incriminate more truthful 
people than liars and are 
unlikely to help to prove a 
suspect's innocence, according 
to new research. 

The use of the polygraph is 
based on a “very weak scien- 
tific foundation” and public 
policy makers should ponder 
its flaws before deciding on 
extending it in society, Ameri- 
can researchers say in ' the 
latest issue of The Lancet . 

During the interrogation of 
a suspected liar, the device 
records heart rate, blood pres- 
sure, respiration rate and skin 
responses. Trained examiners 
are said to be able to detect a 
characteristic pattern of re- 
sponses in that record when 
the subject is telling a lie. . 

But the researchers, who 
assessed previously published 
evidence for the sensitivity 
and specificity of the poly- 
graph. have concluded that 
most of the positive results 
would be false positives. 

“Consequently, truthful 
persons incriminated as liars 
by the polygraph would out- 
number actual liars with a 
positive result on the test,” 
they report. 

The assessment was carried 
out by medical scientists in 
Boston, Chicago and Wash- 
ington to determine the pre- 
dictive value of the lie 
detector. They echo previous 
criticisms that the device is 
used “on the unproven as- 
sumption that the act of telling 
lie is accompanied by a 
specific and reproducible, set 
of physiological responses”. 

There is no rational scientif- 
ic basis for any machine to 
detect liars consistently, as 
there is no known consistent 
physiological response unique 
to the cognitive state of lying, 
the researchers say. 

‘The implications of our 
calculations are disturbing. 
Polygraph testing in several 
settings will generate large 
numbers of false positiveje- 
sults. Ulus incriminating many 
truthful persons. 

“In some circumstances, 
truthful persons diagnosed as 
liars will outnumber actual 
liars by a wide margin. Fur- 
thermore, the idea of hoping 
to prove one's innocence by 
taking a polygraph test is 
misguided, since the false 
positive rate among truthful 
persons may be 37 per cent or 
higher.” the researchers say. 



e petition was presented 
Mr John Flood, deputy 
secretary of the 
shopworkers' onion, Usdaw, 
who said that shopwalkers' 
family lives would be adverse- 
ly affected. 

Pop groups’ 
dispute ends 


rival staging groups 
over the rigid to appear under 
the name “The Drifters” was 
settled in the . High Coart in 
London yesterday. 

The s ettlement means that a 
nine-week UK tear, starting in 
Salford this Friday, wffl fea- 
ture the “official” Drifters for 
the first time since 1983. 

More than 3d singers have 
appeared trader the name since 
the groap was formed in 1953 
under manager George 
Treadwell. His widow, 
Fayreoe, has ra the group 
since his death in 1987. 

Women feel they are still unequal 

Thirty- two per cent said 
that the legislation had made 
things better for them person- 
ally, but everyone else ques- 
tioned said it had not changed 


Thirty-eight per cent report- 
ed that they had suffered from 
sexual harassment and this 

ri ■ - „r figure rose to 44 per cent in the 

proved the — 35-4+agegroup, and to4$ per 

W cemjOT women who .are 

worsened it •_ widowed, divorced or sepaiat- 

Ten yearn after the end of 
sex discrimination and the 
introduction of equal pay, 
nearly seven out of 10 women 
fed that life has not improved, 
and nearly four out of 10 say 
they still suffer from sexual 

Only 29 per cent believe 
that Mrs Thatcher has ina- 

Fifty per cent of those 
taking part In a survey . by 
Woman's Own- magazine 
thought ber election as Prime 
Minister in 1979 had made no 
difference- /. _ 


True equality of the sexes is 
simply not possible, according 
to 43 per cent of those 
questioned, while 32 per cent 

believe it will take another 20 
years; Only 4 per cent thought 
equality had arrived. 

Women repented that half 
the male population treat 
women as equals and the other 
half do noL The proportion of 
men who treat women as 
equals rises to 69 per cent in 
the 20 or under age group. 

The survey, found that 79 
per cent of husbands or boy- 
friends treat their partners as 
equals, and 3 per cent of 
women are treated as superi- 
ors. Eighteen per cent still 
believe they are treated as 

Scania have never been tempted to compete on 

cost alone. 

-Trying to equal some of today’s truck prices would 
mean sacrificing loo many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
research and development, we might have to cut 
a few corners. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

' Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated ;o precision 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we’d be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, wed be able to offer you a cheaper truck. But 
if would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn’t last as long. And when the time comes to 
sell, ihe return on your initial investment wouldn't 
be so healthy.- 

Scania promise you years of low-cosi operation. 
And that more lhan equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement. 

Scania (Great Biltairi} Lirnited. Tongwelt 

Milton Keynes MK158HB, BudtingtTamshira 
Tel:090fl 614040. Telex: 825376. 

Scania. Building tracks, building reputations. 






















S . 




















Ittfc liMi^ LUbbOA* MAKCH 11 1986 

PARLIAMENT March 10 1986 




































Nuclear protests 

Medicine charges 

CAP plans 

Protests at further 
delay to report 


The main conclusions from the 
inspector conducting the in- 
quiry over the new Size well 
. -PWR nuclear reactor - which 
_,had been hoped for this spring — 
will be somewhat delayed, Mr 
Alistiir Goodlad, Under Sec- 
" reiary of State at the Depart- 
-inent of Energy, said during 
questions in the Commons. 

, Mr Goodlad said the Secretary 
...of Slate for Energy (Mr Peter 
' Walker) was now asking the 

■ inspector (Sir Frank Layfield) 
"Tor more precise guidance. 

Mr Goodlad was replying to Mr 
Patrick McNair-Wilsoq (New 
• -Forest. C) who referred to public 
concern over nuclear develop- 
_ .menis. He asked the Minister to 
: deny that the Energy Depart- 
"ment had pressured Sir Frank io 
- hurry his report on the pressur- 
'ized water reactor — and when 
the report was due. 

Mr Goodlad said he could 
'certainly give that denial. Mr 
Walker had repeatedly made 
’ clear to Sir Frank the necessity 
-of having the report quickly. Mr 
-Walker had made available 
.considerable resources and re- 
mained ready to see that any 
'further resources would be on 
hand so that an early conclusion 
/Could be reached on the inquiry 
''which was of great importance 
/to the nation. 

Earlier Mr Goodlad had told 
Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lincoln, 

. C) that between 1970 and 1 984, 
-there had been 7 46 deaths in 
-coal mining operations. In the 
..offshore oil and gas industry in 
the United Kingdom, the total 
: pumber of deaths had been 1 16 

■ during that period. In the civil 
nuclear industry the comparable 

'figure was 10. 

Mr Carlisle said that in the 
arguments over the nuclear 
industry, it was important to 
look at'fecl rather than theory. 
The figures showed the nuclear 
industry bad the best safety 
record.' Would Mr Goodlad 
confirm that none of the nuclear 
industry deaths bad been caused 
by radiation? 

Nuclear energy production 
also had two other advantages: 
ii did not create acid rain — as 
coal and oil did — and it 
produced cheaper electricity, 
which was good for industry and 
was greatly welcomed by people 
who heated their homes by 
electricity. (Conservative 

Mr Goodlad said he entirely 
agreed with the points about 
acid rain and cheaper electricity. 
He also confirmed that none of 
the nuclear industry deaths had 
been due to radiological haz- 

Mr Darid Heatbcoat-Amury 
(Wells, O said nuclear energy 
production was safe, clean and 
cheap, whereas coal was dirty, 
dangerous and expensive. The 
report that the Size well report 
was to be delayed was greatly 

Could Mr Goodlad give any 
indication of a date when Brit- 
ain might get a new nuclear 
reactor, which was required on 
economic and social grounds? 
Mr Goodlad said he could not 
give a date. The National Coal 
Board constantly aimed to im- 
prove safety standards, above 
and below ground. 

Mr Dale CampbeH-Savonrs 
(Workington. Lab): Are not the 
efforts we are all making to 
destroy the myths which sur- 
round the nuclear industry 
grossly undermined by BNFL 
management when they take the 
deliberate decision to release 

uranium into the Irish Sea? 

If they continue down this 
road of ignoring public concern 
it is only they who threaten the 
future of this industry and the 
22.500 jobs at stake in west 
Cumbria. Will he tell the 
management they should raise 
standards and take into account 
the high level of public concent? 
We want to protect this in- 

Mr Goodlad: I entirely agree 
about tbc necessity for the 
nuclear industry to present the 
facts, which they do in a 
simplified form. 

I cannot agree about the 
release into the Irish Sea. It was 
weD within the limits authorized 
by the Department of the 
Environment. The discharges 
were kept as reasonably de- 
finable as possible. They pre- 
sented no hazard to the 
workforce or public on either 
side of the Irish Sea. 

Sir Trevor Skeet (North 
Bedfordshire. C) said tbe 
postponement of the announce- 
ment on Sizewell was disgrace- 
ful. The inquiry had lasted over 
two years. 

Mr Goodlad: The timing of the 
report is a matter tor the 
inspector, but 1 note wbat has 
been said. The Secretary of State 
is currently seeking more precise 
guidance from Sir Frank 

Mr Allen McKay (Barnsley. 
West and Pen i stone. Lab): Peo- 
ple are concerned about what 
could happen if an incident 
occurred within the nuclear 
industry, it has not been forth- 
right in its dealing with the 
situation and also with the 
situation regarding the disposal 
of nuclear waste. This is a 
matter of concern. 

Mr Goodlad: 1 cannot accept 

High level of 
N Sea oil 


Mr Charles Kennedy (Ross, 
Cromarty and Skye. SDP) asked 
during Commons questions if it 
was possible to gauge what 
impact falling oil prices might 
have had on the ninth offshore 
•licensing round and upon re- 
search and the big contracts that 
“went with il 


-Mr Afick Bnchartan-S mi th. 
Minister of State at the Depart- 
ment of Energy, said there was 
every indication that work was 
continuing. The main work was 
in relation to exploration. In the 
first six weeks of this year, there 
had been more exploration wells 
drilled offshore than in the 
previous two years - and it had 
to be remembered that 1 984 was 
a record year. 

Mr Stanley Orme. chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on emergy. 
'.said Mr Bucahanan-Smith had 
-not answered the main point: 
What effect had falling prices 
•had on oil recovery technology? 

Mr Bucbanan-Smitta said it had 
none. In the long-term. falling 
prices would encourage more 
work in recovery technology, 
-because the more that could be 
;done to lower costs and improve 
'efficiency it would help in the 
-face of lower oil prices. 

Driver authorized to 
pass signal at red 


A public inquiry into the train 
crash at Chinley. Derbyshire, 
would open in about two or 
three weeks' time. Mr Nicholas 
Ridley. Secretary of State for 
Transport, announced in the 

He said this stretch of line had 
recently been equipped with 
modern colour signalling but it 
would be wrong to speculate 
about the cause of the accident 

Making a statement on the 
crash, be said he bad ordered a 
formal inquiry to be to be 
conducted by an inspecting 
officer of railways. Evidence 
would be heard in public and 
there would be a published 

He stated: The 18.33 pas- 
senger train from Sheffield to 
Manchester, consisting of a 
diesel locomotive and four 
coaches, was brought to a stand 
at a red signal at Cliinley East 
Junction. Its driver was au- 
thorized to pass the signal at 
"danger' and did so. 

The train then crossed over 
onto the other line where it 
collided head-on with two sta- 
tionary diesel locomotives. I 
regret to have to tell the House 
that the driver of the passenger 
train was killed in the collision. 
In addition the driver of the 
dieseftocomotives was injured. 

together with some 25 pas- 

Of the injured, four are still in 
hospital and I understand that 
one of the passengers is in a 
critical condition. 

Mr Peter Snape. an Opposition 
spokesman on transport, who 
had called fora statement, asked 
if the passenger train passed the 
signal at 'danger' because of a 
signal failure? Was Mr Ridley 
satisfied with tbe adequacy of 
the signal maintenance in this 
area, and with the availability of 
proper staff responsible for 
signalling maintenance, particu- 
larly at weekends? 

Mr Ridley: It would be better to 
await the results of the formal 
inquiry into what happened and 
whether the maintenance was 
done and whether it was done 
properly and the matters he 

The line had recently been 
equipped with modem colour 
signalling, so it was a question of 
what happened. 

Mr Robert Adi ey. ( Christ :- 
church. C) said a statement had 
been called for about a crash in 
whicb one person had died and 
yet 14 people a day were killed 
on the roads, which aroused no 
interest or comment. 

Mr Ridley: Tbe safety record of 
British Rail has been improving 
steadily over tbe years. At the 
end of last year I wrote to the 
chairman (Mr Bob Reid) and 
congratulated him on the best 
safety year. 1 think, for all time. 

Political fund against tradition 

Referring to the decision by the 
.Inland Revenue Staff Federa- 
tion to set up a political fund. 
'Sir John Biggs- Davison (Epping 
Forest, O raid during Com- 
-mons question lime that it 
would be contrary to the tra- 
ditions and interests of the 
-public service if a civil service 
union were to set up such a fund 


Mr Richard Luce. Minister of 
State. Privy Council Office, 
agreed with that comment and 
said it was the Government's 
view that political funds were 
only needed if a union proposed 
to participate in party political 
activities or to campaign for or 
against political parlies or can- 

didates. Unions should consider 
thjt point very carefully. 

Mr Looe said he believed the 
vast majority of civil servants 
wished to maintain a neutral 
civil service and. at the end of 
the day. the decision on poiicital 
funds must be for the unions 

Prescription charges up 20p 


Prescription charges mil go up 
from £2 to £2.20 from April I. 
with the four-monthly and an- 
nual season ticket fees increas- 
ing to £t2.and £33.50 
respectively. ' Mr Barney 
Hayboe, Minister for Health, 
announced in the Commons. 

There would be no change in 
dental and optical charges and 
the existing range of exemp- 
tions. which covered 75 per cent 
of all prescriptions, would con- 

Mr Hayboe also said the Gov- 
ernment had provided for an 
increase of £250 million in 
England for family practitioner 
services in 1986-87. All but a 
small pan of this would be met 
from taxation and national 
insurance. The remainder 
would come from increased 
revenue from charges to pa- 
tients. The proportion of the 
cost of the NHS met through 
charges was expected to fell 
slightly next year to 3.02 per 

Mr Frank Dobson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on health and 
social security, said: The in- 
crease in prescription charges is 
more than twice the rate of 
inflation. There has been an 
increase of 1.000 per cent since 

No other commodity or ser- 
vice has seen such an increase. 
Why has the Government sin- 
gled out health as the lowest 
possible priority? 

The British Medical 
Association's view is that the 
present level of prescription 
charges deterred poorer people. 
We welcome the decision not to 
increase dental charges again, 
but the charges introduced last 
year are doing severe damage to 
the dental care of poorer people. 

There have been distin- 
guished people in Mr Hayhoe's 
office who had made a reputa- 
tion for themselves for caring 

more about tbe health of the 
nation than for being popular 
with tire Treasury. 

Mr Hayboe: Mr Dobson's 
description is a travesty of the 
reality. The 10 per cent increase 
is exactly in line with the rising 
costs of medicines. Seventy-five 
per cent of all prescriptions are . 
wholly exempt from charges 
anyway and 5 per cent are met 
by season tickets. 

The Prime Minister has made 
it clear that no responsible 
Government can ever promise 
not to increase . prescription 


Dobson: Goremment's 
lowest priority 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent-' 
wood and Ongar. C y. Year after 
year the same list of people are 
exempted. While for the most 
pan that is correct, has the time 
not come when some review 
should be undertaken to see 
whether there are not those, for 
example the better-off retired, 
who are capable of paying these 
charges, which might lead to less 
of an increase for the rest of us? 
Mr Hayboe: I have no plans to 
change the existing range of 
exemptions, which will con- 
tinue. nor to change the present 
exemptions from tbe prescrip- 
tion charge for those suffering 
from certain specified con- 
ditions, but 1 note what be says. 
Mr Darid Sim berg (Bury. 

South, Cy. Nearly three-quarters 
of aH prescriptions are issued 
free and that situation wifi 
continue. As a result of exemp- 
tions the poorest continue to 
pay no charge for the drugs they 
use: . 

Mr Hayboe: That is right The 
poorest within our community 
are fully protected by these 


Mr. WQlum HamHtow .(Central 
Fife, Lab): At £230 per item the 
great majority of people, who 
are not exempt, will pay £6.60 
for three items on the prescrip- 
tion form. That will be a 
considerable hardship for peo- 
ple on low incomes who are 
above supplementary benefit 

People m those circumstances 
will be tempted to go to the 
chemist and prescribe iheir own 
medicines or get them pre- 
scribed for them by tire chemist. 
Mr Hayboe: He is wrong in 
saying that the majority of 
. people who go with more than 
one item -on their prescription 
will pay as he indicated. Tbe 
majority - 75 per cent - are 

What he said about items, as 
opposed to the total prescrip- 
tion, is correct. 

Mr Robin MaxweB-Hysfop 
(Tiverton, Ok He referred to 
people on what he terms low 
incomes who are entitled to 
reimbursement. How do people 
in this category who are not in 
receipt of a specific benefit 
recognize lb cm selves as befog 
entitled to reimbursement? 

Mr Hayboe: There is an NHS 
leaflet which is freely available 
and I ant surprised that be has 
not seen it. 

Mr Richard Hfckmet (Glanford 
and Scunthorpe, CJ: The Oppo- 
sition reaction or outrage is 
synthetic, bogus and motivated, 
as usual by political objectives. 

The Government is commit- 
ted to providing free drugs for 
pensioners, children and nurs- 
ing mothers and its policy is 
entirely to be applauded. 

Mr David Wfandck (Walsall 
North. Lab): This further ibk 
crease rs a tax on the sick and the 
minister should be thoroughly 
ashamed of himself. 

Mr Hayboe 1 do not accept 
that The reality is that the 
percentage of the total cost of 
the NHS being met by charges is 
with in a tenth of a percentage 
point the same as it -was during 
the last full year of the Labour 
Government. . . 

Mr John Bynum (Blyth Valley, 
Lab): He says there is no 
evidence that -increased 
prescription charges d eter p a- 
tients from asking for prescrip- 
tions. There is an abundance of 
evidence from the north-east of 
England. Will he look at the 
enormous profits ■ made by 
pharmaceutical firms- ip supply- 
ing drugs to the NHS? 

Mr Hayboe; T am prepared to 
consider any evidence on the 
first point On the seco nd*! am 

r to have his implicit support 
die measures taken by my 
predecessor which would much 
reduce the money flowing to the 
pharmaceutical companies. 
Negotiations between them and 
the Government are con tinning 

Tin crisis 

The future of the Cornis h tin 
industry during . the csxrem 
international tin crises is being 
given syrapathic consideration 
by the Government Load Loess 
of ChOwofth. Under Secretary 
of State for Trade and Industry, 
said during question time in the 
House of Loids; 

£3.25 million bad 
weather payments 

A total of £3.25 million has 
been paid to farmers in England 
under the exceptional weather 
payments scheme, Mr Michael 
Jopling, Minister of Agriculture. 
Fisheries and Food, said in a 
Commanrwritten reply. - 

Jopling initiative on EEC cereals 


The United Kingdom could not 
allow agriculture to become 
tangled in a web of bureaucratic 
controls, because a successful 
farming industry - and a worth- 
while rural industry — depended 
upon the scope for intiaiive and 
enterprise being rewarded. 

This was said by Mr Michael 
Jopling, Minister for Agri- 
culture. Fisheries and Food, 
when he moved a motion in the 
Commons taking note of Euro- 
pean Community documents 
dealing with form prices for 
1986-87 and the milk outgoers 
scheme. ' 

He said discrimination 
against the United Kingdom 
was a common theme in tbe 
Commission's propofols . for 
cereals, beef and sheepmeat. 

This is- tbe result (he said) of 
the Commission's declared pol- 
icy of tackling the income 
roblems of small or family 
irms. often by measures that 
penalize the larger former. 

This would particularly dis- 
advantage our own industry 
which has a generally forger- 
scale structure, our forms being 
about five times the size of the 
Community average. 

The Government cannot ac- 
cept (he continued) that it is 
right to develop the CAP in a 
direction designed to stifle ef- 
ficiency and which involves the 
introduction of a concept which 
is quite contrary to the philos- 
ophy of a common market 

Opening the . debate. Mr 
Jopling said the main features of 
the EEC Commission's form 
price proposals .issued last 
month were a price freeze for the 
major commodities and 
substantial measures affecting 
intervention and other aspects 
of support 

Although the overall effect of 
the proposals was rough, they 
did not represent a fully appro- 
: priate response against the luck- 
ground of massive surpluses and 
growing budgetary cost. 

The sector which demanded 
major attention- urgently was 
cereals. The Commission’s pro- 
posal was a complex .package of 

The proposal on the co- 
responsibility levy was Illogical 
and discriminated fiercely 
against the UK. All grain 
contributed to the surplus, so it 
was illogical to charge a levy 
only on sales. Discrimination 
arose because the proportion -of 
gram sold off UK forms was 
. much, higher than the Commu- 

nity average and because UK 
farms were on average much 



Taken together, these factors 
meant that something like three- 
quarters of the UK's cereal 
production would bear the levy 
compared with about half for 
. the Community as a whole. 

We could not accept a co- 
responsibility levy with these 
features (he said). Instead of a 3 
per cent co-responsibilyt levy, I 
shall be arguing that a cut of 3 
per cent would make better 
sense. It would avoid the admin- 
istrative and discriminatory 
objections to the Commissions's 
proposals and it would reduce 
prices to consumers, including 
the livestock sector. 

He was open to examining 
new measures .in the cereals 
sector, but these must be de- 
signed to assist tbe implementar 
tion of the "restrictive price 
policy the UK was seeking. 

I have taken the initiative- (he 
said) in -calling for an examina- 
tion of a Community set-aside 
system for cereals. Together 
with price nits and sensible 
quality and intervention mea- 
sures. that could provide a 
worthwhile pacakage enabling 
the Community to make real 
progress in tackling the cereals 
sector. • 

The Commission have pro- 
posed to freeze the target price 
for milk (be said). I do not 
consider this goes for enough. 
We need a substantial price 
cm and I shall argue .for three 

I regret (he went on)' the 
Commission iiave not pro- 
posed any redaction in the 
coresponsibility levy on milk. 
I would idee the Council to 
commit itself to abolition of 
the levy - (Conservative 
cheers) - although for budget- 
ary reasons ( recognize this 
would have to be; over several 
•years./ '.••:■;/ ■ • ■ 

Mr Brynmor John, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman ■ on agri- 
culture, said he- suspected that 
allhough there were differences 
between parties, theends sought 
by the United Kingdom were 
broadly agreed. ■ ■. 

The mistake should , not be 
made of believing that frequent 
use of strong words would 
remove weaknesses. It was dear 
there was a desperate necessity 
for a thorough overhaul of the 
system before it collapsed under 
its own insatiable demand for 
more and more money. 

of alert 
on risk 
of Aids 


Details of a ndtMaSios 
pound Ge waaraOil c am paign to 
attest the jmhiic to the risks of 
Aids w3i be aaoosnced shortly. 
Lady Trampiagtww ^ Under S«- 
retsry of State -for Health and 
Social Security, said during 
question tide in the House of 
LqskIs when asked what action ' 
the Ga*enunest was taking to 

by drag addicts sharing sy- 
ringes. ... . . 

Lady Tr ci u p i og ft uc b the ab- 
sence of a core or va cci nation, 
health education is tire Most 
important weapon we have to 
control the sprea d of Aids. 
Government (trading has been, 
provided to the Terrence Hig- 
gins Trust, tire, Standing 
Committee on Drags Abuse and 
the Health EdwnTion Council, 
to assist then in psddadag 
postersaad leaflets emplasxraig 
tire risk of infection associated 
with sharing of ■pectins eqnv- 
ment by drags nusunrs.. 

The Scottish AMs Monitor 
baa also prepared a leafier on 
advice and Information for drugs 
misusers and their partner*. - 

Information on th» route of 
transafamon - -ef infection wBl 
•bo be provided in tfee fortbcvin- 
iag national campaign on AMs. 
Lora Campbell -of Cray fCk 
There is a dfanuMogly Ugh 
proportion of drug addfctt in 
Edinburgh who have teen in- 
fected with Aids through shared 
syringes. While '■ the 
Governments attitude fs g nd c r - 
standaMe in tint it dees not 
want to do anything to eacoorage 
drag taking, should oot ssae- 
thsng more be done fat order to. 
prevent the spread of Aids to 
other cities with lethal con- 
sequences for drug addicts who 
might otherwise he cured? 

Lady Trmnpiugtoa:- The Gov- 
ernment a aware of the worrying 
incidence of Aids from infected 
needles among drugs addicts in 
Scotland. The information that 
has been given to the Chief 
Medical Officer of the Home 
and Health Department has set 
ap an advisory committee to 
review the extent of Aids hire 
tion in Scotland. 

Lord Enaab (Lab); Can she 
comment on the article h Tbe 
Lancet which suggests that men 
can be infected by women who 
have this rims, through normal 
sexual interco u rse and that the 
time has come far safe sex 
guidelines to be issued to 
nrinimise the risks of this deadly 
virus being spread throng!) ig- 

Lady Tnmtphqdnn: "A public 
information -campaign or Aids 
will be forthcoming. Last year 
the Searerary of State for Social 
Services (Mr Norman Fowler) 
announced £2£ mDfiou had been 
earmarked for a campaign di- 
rected tergetted on groups at 
special risk. 

The information and' nec- 
essary preliminary market re- 
search has been completed and 
the Government hopes to make 
an announcement on the form of 
the campaign and -the launch 
date soon- 

Allegations denied 

Allegations that members of the 
National Association of Colliery 
Overmen and Deputies 
(Nacods) were not being offered 
jobs within the industry when 
they were made redundant at 
Bates Colliery, Northumberland 
were denied in the Commons by 
Mr Peter Walker^ecretary of 
State for Energy. The colliery is 
to be closed by the NCB. 

He said that tbe allegation by 
Nacods at the weekend that its 
members were not being offered 
equivalent jobs was totally un- 
true. Almost half its members 
had expressed a preference for 

redundancy and the NCB was 
offering equivalent jobs to the 
48 who wanted a transfer. 

Parliament today 

Lords (2.30): Sex 

Discrimination Bill, committee 
stage; Surrogacy Arrangements 
(Amendment) Bill,' second 

Commons (230k Debate on 
EEC common policy on 
shipping; motions on Local 
Government (Temporary 
Provisions) (Northern Ireland) 
Order and Appropriation 
(Northern Ireland) Order, 

Commons costs over £63fn to run 


The estimated cost of running 
the House of Commons in the 
financial year 1985-86 was £633 
million, Mr John Biffed, Lord 
Privy Seal and Leader of the 
Commons, said during ques- 
tions when a backbench Conser- 
vative complained about the 
cost of taxis home for staff after 
hie sittings. 

Mr Peter Bruinveb (Leicester 
East, O said there was concern 
that the House was costing more 
and more to run. In 1984-85 the 

House sat for 1 366 hours with 
an average of nine hours and six 
minutes a day. 

We tiiould be finishing earlier 
in the evening (be said) and 
going back to 10 pm. The cost of 
providing taxis for members of 
the staff costs zoo much. 

MPs did not get these taxis yet 
they were the people who asked 
questions in the Bouse and took 
part in debates. ' 

Earlier finishes were the only 
way to cut costs. 

Mr Bitten said tbe average daily 
hours for sittings had changed 

little over the last five years. 

And easily the largest , 

component in costs was MI 
expenses, be added 
Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge) caused some 
laughter when be intervened to 
say: Much as we enjoy bearing 
Mr BruinveUV frequent inter- 
ventions. it would save money if 
he asked rather fewer questions. 

Amid renewed laughter, Mr 
BffTen replieckAs both of younre. 
members of the Chun* of 
England Synod, I say ‘-How 
these Christians love each 

Court of Appeal 

Law Report March 1 1 1986 

Queen’s Bench Division 

Bilateral rights not essential 

Satisfying the landlord condition 

jPittalis and Others v 

/Before Lord Justice Fox. Lord 
justice Dillon and Lord Justice 

'^Judgment given February 271 
" .It was not an essential ingrcdi- 
fint.of an arbitration agreement, 
within the meaning of the 
-Arbitration Act 1950. that it 
^should confer bilateral rights, 
and not merely a universal right. 
3>f reference of a dispute to the 

The Court of Appeal so held 
ui-a reserved judgment allowing 
-an. appeal by the pteimiffland- 
' lords, Mr Errato Pittalis and 
three other persons, from the 
decision of Judge Martin. QC. at 
.Westminster County Court in 
granting the defendant tenant, 
jyir Ali Sherefettin. an extension 
•of the time specified by a rent 
review clause for referring a 
dispute to arbitration. 

Mr Jeffrey Unman for the 
plaintiffs; Mr Jack Sarch for the 

that the appeal concerned the 
operation of a rent review clause 
in a lease dated August 30, 1 968. 
of a Shop and premises known 
as 355 Caledonian Road, Isling- 
ton. for 21 years from June 24, 

The rent payable under the 
lease was £800 a year for the first 
Iseven years, and £8S0 for the 
•next seven years. For the 
remainder of the term of the 
jease (the review period) the rent 
•was to be whichever was the 
higher of £850 and tbc open 
market rental value of the- 
property for the review period. 

- The lease further provided 
jhai “|i) [the open market rental 
value] snail be such a sum as 
shall be notified ... by the 
lessors to the lessee ... or (ii) at 
the election of the lessee by 
notice ... to the lessors ... not 
later then three months after the 
lessors' notification . . . men- 

tioned . . . above ... it shall be 
determined (in accordance . . . 
with the provisions of the 
Arbitration Act 1950 . . .) by an 
independent surveyor . . .". 

In 1981 Uie plaintiffs gave 
notice to the defendant that the 
open market rental value as 
from June 24. 1982 should be 
£6.000 a year. It was common 
ground that that was a valid 
notice for the purposes of pro- 
viso (i) of the lease. 

No election was made under 
proviso (ii). Therefore, unless 
the defendant could obtain an 
extension of time for electing, 
the position under the pro- 
visions of the lease was that as 
from June 24. 1982 the rent for 
the premises was £6.000. 

The defendant therefore in- 
voked the provisions of section 
27 of the Arbitration Act 1950. 

In Tore Bookmakers Ltd v 
Property Holding Co Lfo([19851 
‘2 WLR 603), the provisions of 
the lease were similar to those of 
the present case. Mr Justice 
Peter Gibson held that it was an 
essential attribute of an arbitra- 
tion clause that it gave either 
party the right to refer the 
dispute to arbitration and that 
since the lessee had a unilateral 
right to refer, there was no 
“agreement to refer future dis- 
putes to arbitration". 

That decision was based on 
Baron v Sunderland Corpora- 
tion ([1966] 2 QB 56. 64). 

Apart from authority there 
was no reason why, if an 
agreement between two persons 
conferred on one of them alone 
the right to refer the matter to 
arbitration, the reference should 
not constitute an arbitration. 

In a case like the present the 
landlord was protected, if there 
was no arbitration, by his own 
assessment of the rent as stated 
in bis notice,* and the tenant was 
protected, if he was dissatisfied 
with Lhat assessment, by his 
right to refer the matter to 

arbitration. Both sides had ac- 
cepted the arrangement and 
there was no question of lack of 

The observations of Lord 
Justice Davies in the Baron case 
were inconsistent with Woolf v 
Coif is Removal Service ([ 1 948] I 
KB 11). His Londsh ip preferred 
the approach in Woolfs case. It 
followed that Tote Bookmakers 
was wrongly decided. 

The jurisdiction under section 
27 was conferred on the High 
Court and the present case was 
heard in the county court but it 
was common ground that, the 
case having been transferred 
from the High Court, the judge 
had High Court jurisdiction for 
the purposes of the section. 

On February 25. 1985. the 
judge dismissed the defendant’s 
application, under section 27, 
for an extension of time. He 
then gave judgment for tbe 
plaintiffs for arrears of rent, 
mesne profits and interest; he 
also made an order for pos- 
session if the judgment sum was 
not paid in three months. 

On February 26, the county 
court wrote to the parties' 
solicitors, stating that the judg- 
ment had not been entered and 
that the judge had bad second 
thoughts about the case and had 
not proposed to allow the 
section 27 application and to 
extend the time for serving a 
notice of election. 

After addresses by counsel on 
March 18, the judge gave a 
further judgment extending 
time for service of the notice of 

From that decision tbe plain-, 
.tiffs appealed, relying on In re 
BarreU Enterprises ([1973J 1 
WLR 19). There the Court of 
Appeal, stated at pp23-24: 

“When oral judgments have 
been given cither in a court of 
first instance or on appeal the 
successful party oujjht save in 
Die most exceptional circum- 

stances io be able to assume that 
the judgment is a valid and 
effective one." 

As a matter of the sensible 
administration of justice and 
fairness between parties it 
seemed proper in the circum- 
stances of the present case that 
the judge should be at liberty to 
recall his judgment. The po- 
sition could properly be called 

Their Lordships could only 
interfere with the decision if the 
judge misdirected himself 

In his second judgment the 
judge said that the rent the 
plaintiffs were now claiming 
was "manifestly grossly 

That was a misdirection. £850 
a year was not a valid compari- 
son with £6.000 a year unless it 
was (he market rental in 1982. 
In feet, however, it had been 
fixed in 1968 and that must 
have been by comparison with 
1968 rentals. 

He erred in a material matter 
and that invalidated the exercise 
of the discretion. Their Lord- 
ships were entitled to exercise 
the discretion themselves. 

Tbe central question was 
whether the defendant would 
have suffered undue hardship if 
the extension of lime had been 
refused. On the feels, his Lord- 
ship did not think so. 

Further, one had to take into 
'account the plaintiffs’ position. 
Section 27 was a valuable power 
enabli ng the court to prevent the 
hardship that might result from 
lime provisions. 

But the delay in the present 
case was wholly excessive. The 
defendant was three and a half 
years out of time before he 
sought to rely on section 27. 

Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Neill delivered concur- 
ring judgments. 

Solicitors: Bernard Oberman 
& Co; D Miles Griffiths Piercy 
& Co, Ham^gay. 



Freeman v Plymouth City 
Council and Another 
Before Mr Justice Hodgson 
(Judgment given February 21] 

The “landlord condition" in 
section 28(2) of Lhe Housing Act 
L980 was satisfied if the interest 
of the landlord belonged wholly 
io a relevant landlord, or partly 
to a relevant landlord as joint 
owner. A building which en- 
hanced the beauty of an open 
was capable of forming "part of 
an. open space” for. the purposes 
of section 26(2) of the Town and 
Country Planning Act 1959 as 

A local authority, so long as 
not improperly motivated, was 
entitled to take steps to avoid 
the impact of impending legisla- 
tion m the same way as a private 

Mr Justice Hodgson so held in 
the Queen's Bench Division in 
allowing an application for ju- 
dicial review by Mr John 
Charles Freeman in respect of 
the grant by Plymouth City 
Council and Cornwall County 
Council to Plymouth City 
Council of a lease dated July 24, 
J984 of the reversion on the 
applicant's tenancy of Maker 
Lodge, Mount Edgecumbe. 
Torpoint Cornwall. 

The Housing Act 1980 pro- 
vides fay section 28:“. . . (2> The 
landlord condition is that- . . . 
(a) the interest of the landlord 
belongs to” a local authority “or 
...(d) the interest of the 
landlord belongs to a county 
council and the tenancy was 
granted to. it by tbe exercise of 
the reserve powers conferred on 
county councils by section 194 
of the Local Government Act 

The Town and Country Plan- 
ning Act 1959, as amended by 
paragraph 5 of Part HI of 
Schedule 23 to the Local Gov- 
ernment Pfenning and Land Act 
I9S0, provides by section 26: 
"... (2) Before disposing of any 

land which consists or forms 
part of an open space ... an 
authority . . . (a) shall publish 
notice or their intention to do so 
for at least two consecutive 
weeks in a newspaper circulat- 
ing in their area; and (b) shall 
consider any objections to the 
proposed disposal which may be 
made to them." 

Mr John McDonnell, QC and 
Mr Richard de Lacy for the 
tenant; Mr Anthony Scrivener, 
QC and Mr Graham Stoker for 
the councils. 

said that the tenant had- been . 
granted a tenancy of Maker 
Lodge in 1956 by the sixth Earl 
of Mount Edgecumbe. He re- 
mained as a tenant of tbe 
councils when in 1971 they 
jointly acquired die estate of 
which the lodge formed part. 
Shortly after the Housing Act 
1980 came into force the tenant 
applied for the right to bey the 
property of which he was tenant. 

Tbe councils denied the right 
on tbe ground that the property 
was not a secure tenancy in that 
the. landlord condition ih sec- 
tion 28(2) of the Act was not 
satisfied because Cornwall 
County Council had not granted 
the tenancy in tbe exercise of its 
reserve powers. Nor was the 
property held for the purposes of 
Part V of the Housing Act 1957, 
so that it was excluded from the 
right to buy provisions .by 
section 2(4) and Part 1 of. 
Schedule l to the 1980 A a. The 
tetter objection was removed by 

where a landlord owned - an 
interest sufficient to grant a 
lease exceeding 21 years from 
the date of the tenant’s notice to 
exercise the right to buy. 

The councils devised a 
scheme designed to prevent the 
tenant acquiring Maker Lodge. 
On July 24. 1984 a lease was 
granted to Plymouth City Coun- 
cil for a period of 20 years. The 
Housing and Building Control 
Ail came into force on August 

it was clear that neither the 
. legislature nor the draftsman in 
drafting section 28(2) of the 
Housing Act 1980 ever consid- 
ered tbe question ofjoini owner- 
ship. There might be an 
ambiguity in the wording of the 

“Belongs to one of the bodies" 
could equally be read “belongs 
solely to one of the bodies" or 
“belongs (wholly or partly) io 
one of xbe bodies" 

A not dissimilar situation 
arose in Lloyd V SodTer ({19781 1 
QB 774). There the Court of 
Appeal, adopted! a purposive 
approach to the legislation. - 
If “belongs to one of the 
bodies" had tbe first definition, 
that could mean that, even if 
both owners qualified, the ten- 
ant would have no right to buy 
Thai could not have been the 
legislature's intention. 

if there was an ambiguity m 
section .28(2), his . Lordship 
would unhesitatingly resolve ft 
which j 

in the way 1 
e the 

In early 1984 the Housing and 
Building- Control Bill was pub- 
lished. in which it was proposed 
to' amend the 1980 Act so as'to 
add county councils (and thuy 
Cornwall) to the list of bodies in 
section 28(4 J of that Act whose 
tenancies would satisfy tbe land- 
lord condition, and so as to 
extend tbe right to buy. to cases 

seemed to 
promote the purpose of the 
legislation. However, there was 
in his Lordship’s view no 
ambigratyl. -• • - ' 

Maker .LOdge bad since 1983 
undoubtedly belonged to one of 
the bodies referred to in section 
28(4), namely Plymouth, .and 
the feet that it also belonged to a 
body- not mentioned ‘ in the 
subsection (and not qualifying 
under section 28(2Xa)) did not 
alter. .■ that feet The landlord 

condition' was therefore- Sat- 
isfied. . • • ; 

His Lordship referred to 
Attorney-General, v Poole 
([I9381 1 Ch 23). as to the effect 
of the existence of buildings on 
the status of an “open space" for 
the purposes of section 26(2) of 
the Town and Country Planning 
Act 1959; ... 

Clearly, part of the amenities 
of an open space could be tbe 
monuments and buildings 
-.which enhanced its beauty. and 
Phased ibe eye of the spectator. 
Maker Lodge was such a build- 
ing. and being such a building 
. there was no reason whyit could 
pot fonn pan of an open space. 
It followed that the grant, of a 
lease withoutadvertisement and 
the consideration of objections 
was void: . 

. Th e tenant argued that -the 
•case was a sham in that tr was 
int ended to have any real 
lesal effect but merely to defeat 
tne nehtto buy which the tenant 
would otherwise have had, and 
“tai foe grant was an improper 

exercise of -the council's statu- 
tory powera.. 

^^ctitne of the demise that 
Parliament had decreed 
had not yet come into force and 
tnere was nothing unlawful .in 
■ FJ^ouocils' attempting, albeit 
ineffectaaUy, to protect thera- 
seives from an unwanted result 
ot future legislation. • 

A private individual could so. 
anramge bis affair^ and; so long 
as the motivation was' ; not 
improper, there- was no reason 
any different rolc sfwukl- 

could lawfully do ste " 

®***' ^*9 “Sues the 

v.. Leach, Plymouth. '• 



0 ,. 



ByLncy Hodges* Education Correspondent 

Many children from ethnic 
minorities five in a nightmare 
world when they .first go to 
school in Britain because they 
cannot cope with English, 
aaoidiog to ProfessorBiku 
rarekn,. vice-chairman of the 

Commission for Racial Equal 

Those children .should be 
taught in thei r mother tongue 
for the first two years at 
school he says in .a speech 
challenging; official policy 
which he is to deliver tonight 
in London. 

Half die children of ethnic 
minorities bom in Britain 
probably come from families 
in which little or no En glish is 
spoken* Professor Parekh, 
who is professor of politics at 
Hull University, says. Going 
to school is for. them an 
overwhelming and unnerving 

“Within the first years of 
their schooling they five in a 
nightmare world, as countless 
parents and sensitive teachers 
will testify. Over months the 
nightmare grows less frighten- 
ing and they begin to settle 
down, but the effects persist. 

“The capacity for future 
learning Or some of them is 
perhaps permanently dam- 
aged, and in the case of a large 
.number of them, several im- ; 
-portant.gaps remain in. their 
knowledge of English and 
persist an their fives.** 

Professor Parekh makes 
three recommendations: 

• Children should be taught 

in their mother tongues for the 
first two years; 

• Their community lan- 
guages -Greek,. Polish, Ara- 
bic, Chinese* Urdu, Bengali, 
GujaratlTuritishand others - 
should be taught throughout 
primary school; 

• Such languages should * be 
taught together with other 
languages in secondary school 

Professor Parekh -argues 
that resistance to bilingual 

education is grounded in lin- 
guistic parochialism. It also 
comes, be believes, from racist 
assumptions about the sup- 
posed inferiority of the minor- 
ity cultures. 

“It is instinctively assumed 

that the minority languages 
axe not worth teaching and 
should be helped to die an 
early death,** be says, and 
• contends that the existence 61 
for example, 130 languages in 
inner London, should be seen 
instead as. “like North Sea ofl, 
a wonderfiil win dfall" . 

Other countries - Sweden, 
The Netherlands, Canada and 
the United Slates - use a 
Child’s minority lan g iia g c to 
introduce him or her to the 
dominant language. 

A famous case in the Ameri- 
can Supreme Court ruled that 
not ro provide bilingual teach- 
ing at this stage was a gross 
' and inhuman violation of the 
principle of equal opportuni- 
ty, he adds, and says that 
preserving ethnic minority 
languages helps to preserve 
ethnic minority communities. 

PO Slater with Simon Le Boa and (below) the Dram 


Fastnet rescue medal 

A Royal Navy petty officer, 
who lifted 29 people inducting 
Simon Le Bon, the pop star, 
from stormy seas during the 
Fastnet Race last year, is to 
receive the George MedaL 

PO Aircrewman Laurence 
Slater, aged 31, a search and 
rescue helicopter winchman, 
receives the medal for his 
work involving the yachts. 
Mister Cube and Drum En- 
gland on August 11. 

The pilot, Lieutenant David 
Marr, aged 26, and Acting PO 
Aircrewman Michael Palmer, 
aged 27, have been awarded 

the Queen's Commendation 
for Valuable Service in the Air 
for their role in the Mister 
Cube rescue. 

In that rescue. PO Slater 
was lowered on the winch and 
fought his way past sails and 
whipping rigging to the cock- 
pit where be found six chil- 
dren and three adults. 

Later that day he and 
another crew went to the 
Drum where he rescued 18 
survivors on the upturned hull 
and and another six, in cl tiding 
Simon Le Bon, trapped inside. 

Terrorism poll 

By Richard Dowdhn 

Most British people think: 
military action against terror- 
ists would not reduce interna- 
tional terrorism, but nearly 
half of those questioned in a 
recent opinion poll wanted the 
Government to do more to 
protect its citizens. 

. The MORI poll conducted 
after, the terrorist incidents in 
Rome and Vienna in Decem- 
ber, showed that 4Zper cent of 
Britons questioned-- believed 
that foe Government was hot • 
doing enough to protect Brit- 
ons . and nearly two-thirds 
thought there should be much 
stricter security at airports. . 

Only 29 per cent supported 
military action against terror- 
ists and only 15 per cent 
supported military action 
against governments which 
give backing to terrorists. 

The poU carried out for the 
New York Times, was also 
conducted in France and Ger- 
many and disclosed even 
stronger feelings there that 
their governments could do 

American travel agents yes- 
terday gave approval to Brit- 
on as a safe place to spend a 
holiday- * 

- After a knag weekend in 
Britain organized by die Brit- 
ish Toarist Authority, the 30 
Americans were fall of praise 
for die. Old Country and, a 
particular, the new security' 
arrangements at Heathrow 
taranal i ' 

Mr Son Fraoson- of the 
American Association of Re- 
tell Travel Agents, said: “We 
have no qualms whatever 
about coming to Europe be- 
cause isolated- incidents 
happen In any place.** 

more . about terrorism, but 
there was even less enthusi- 
asm for military action. 

There was little support for 
President Reagan’s call for 
sanctions against Libya in the 
wake of the Vienna and Rome 
incidents with 41 per cent of 
Britons questioned believing 
Britain should not support 

such sanctions. However, on 
sanctions againt countries 
which supported terrorism in 
general 31 per cent of Britons 
were in favour. 

Nearly two thirds of Britons 
and nearly half the French and 
West Germans thought mili- 
tary action by the United 
States against terrorists would 
make things worse: 

People's confused feelings 
about terrorism were revealed 
in a. question about the justifi- 
cation for terrorism. While 
about 90 per cent in all three 
countries said there was no 
excuse for the sort of incidents 
that occurred in Vienna and 
Rome, more than two-thirds 
agreed that those sort of 
incidents would continue so 
long as Isreal was unyeflding 
on the Palestine issue. 

The interview sample con- 
sisted of 1.945 in Britain, 994 
in France arid 2,007 in West 
Germany. The poll was con- 
ducted between February 1 
and February 21. 

Collision train 
on the wrong 
line, BR says 

The train in which the 
driver was killed in a head-on 
collision with a diesel engine 
was on the wrong track, 
British Rail confirmed yester- 

Five of the 27 passengers 
injured were still in hospital 

Settle railway route 
‘could make £lm’ 

he 6.33 pm Sheffield to 
icbester train with 128 
iengers on board was trav- 
ig at about 25 mph where 
speed limit was 50 mph, 
ish Rafl said. . 
lr Nicholas Ridley, the 
rtary of State for Trans- 
f, toid the Commons that 
driver. Mr Edward Ever- 
was allowed to pass a 
al set at danger, 
n inquiry into the acet- 
ic as Chinley in Derby- 
e, is under way. 
lr Everett, aged 41, was 
Mexborough, South 

ParfwmeBt, page 4 

An Inter-City 125 service 
from West- . Yorkshire to 
Strathclyde using the threat- 
ened Settle-Ctitislefiae, could 
help to mate £1 million a year 
profit for British Rail accord- 
ing to a report by transport 

The £4,000 report by Trans- 
port and Environment Studies 
(Test), commissioned by the 
Settle-Cariisle Joint Action 
Committee, calls for an in- 
vestment of nearly £25 million 
in the 72-mile route so that a 
100 mph service can be intro- 
duced in 1989 when electrifi- 
cation of the east coast main 
line makes highspeed trains 

The travelling time of a 
little over three hours would 
he much fester than other road 
or rail routes and “compares 
very favourably” with foe air 

Test maintains that even 
without marketing the service, 
an estimated 722 passen g e r s a 

day would give a 55 per cent 
load on .the train; enough to 
•yield a 7 per cent return on the 
investment which would pay 
the cost of track improve- 
ments within 13 years and 
give a surplus of £36 million 
after 30 years. 

It argues strongly for the 
retention of foe Blackburn to 
Hellifidd branch, the urgent 
reopening of the Githero sta- 
tion and. a new “figure eight 
service” linking Leeds, Brad- 
ford, Manchester and Preston. 
A Skiplon to Carlisle service, 
stopping at stations presently 
used only by Dales Rail 
excursions, has also been sug- 

“It would require the most 
skilful of adversaries to aigue. 
from the evidence pres en ted, 
against keeping these two lines 
open" Test says. 

British Rail's Settle-Cariisle 
spokesman was not available 
for comment 

Arts seek 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

Arts organizations are ex- 
pecting a windfall of between 
£10 million and £30 million a 
year from tax changes in next 
week's Budget- 

Theatre and musical com- 
panies, which have lost their 
battle for state grants above 
foe rate of inflation, may be 
among the main beneficiaries 
of new rules that will allow 
individuals and companies to 
set charitable donations 
against tax. 

The changes expected in foe 
Budget wifi cover all charities 
but arts groups have pressed 
for them. They say that in 
America, where contributions 
can already be set against tax, 
foe concessions have brought 
strong links between private 
individuals and the arts. 

Several arts bodies have 
submitted private memoran- 
da to the Treasury with sug- 
gestions about how foe new 
scheme could work. They 
believe that foe immediate 
potential for increasing gifts to 
foe arts will be in sponsorship 
by individuals to organiza- 
tions which they patronize 

The Arts Council is expect- 
ed to press companies to set 
up dulled marketing opera- 
tions to ensure that their 
dients know about the change. 

It is unlikely that the 
changes will come into force 
in full until 1988 when foe 
Inland Revenue mofves to 
computerized tax handling 

The final details will not be 
known until the Budget, but it 
seems likely that there will be 
a ceiling for tax deductible 

Pop star’s ban 

Gary Glitter, foe pop singer, 
was banned from driving for 
10 years and fined £2,0(X) by 
Bicester magistrates in Ox- 
fordshire yesterday, after 
admitting driving under the 
influence of drink for foe third 

Select committees: 2 

Watchdog breed sharpens its image 

S.ikLTtooy Ministers listen far more respectfully to some 
MU m thU* of parliamentary committees than others. Some leak and 
Snmf* investigatory squabble, some pnde themselves on cm almost judicial 
ammiueesasa dull necessary esprit de corps. George Hill looks at the unwritten 

pecking order among committees in the second of a 
two-part series. ... 

Tfeere wasmorejwtice in 
iiis view before the 1979 
"shaping of the committee 
vstem. when a network or 
iibcommiiiees was replaced 
v a set of committees «*ch 

aving a sustained onet to 
*Kh the arises Jrfa 
articular government depari- 


Many MPS suspect foaljje 
raiera. with its 

>r tours of inspection abroad, 
as more than a trace of foe 
raw train about it Their low 
pinion of committees *s 

Committee MPs would re- 
ply that the Chamber of the 
House, fw all its drama, 
cannot exercise an effective 
sustained scrutiny over 
Whitehall in foe way commit- 
tees can. 

. Committee men and floor- 
of-tbe-House men still tend to 
be .different 

is a prize example of West- 
minster word-in-the-right- 
quarter procedures. * 

This discipline helps to give 
some committees a strong 
sense of cross-party cohesion. 
They are close-knit in their 
personal relationships and rel- 
atively uninterested in party 

breeds. Among political point-scoring. Mem- 
committee men. too, thereme bership of such committees is 

sharp distinctions. 

Some committees operate 
in intensely confidential arras. 
One such was the foreign 
i v, -- affairs committee, whicfa-sol- 

* Crwui about foe cdu- ernnly inspected foe secret 
of “Crown Jewe^documents in 
excursion to the Ponting affeir. 

zL-t tenhig Such committees are neces- 
sarijjydi scroct. a nd their xnezn- 
a confidential draft bers are sdected with regarilo 
that the selection, of members 

highly prized. 

Where there are fewer se- 
crets to keep, the atmosphere 
le nds to be different, the 
political give-and-take more 
robust, the commitment of 
members arguably less, and 
the turnover of membership 

The Education Committee, 
Environment Committee and 
Social Services Committee are 

aS examples of the second 

Most of the leaders of foe 
main parties have been on foe 
front benches since 1979, 
when foe committee system 
was reformed. 

Committee proceedings are 
often little attended to, and it 
is difficult forambitious youn- 
ger members to make them- 
selves a name there. 

At present, if faced with a 
choice between a place on a 
select committee and a parlia- 
mentary private secretaryship, 
the temptation for a younger 
member to get one foot on the 
ministerial ladder is strong. 

But experience gained in 
committee can be deployed on 
the floor of the House, and if 
the new respect and attention 
which have been directed 
towards committees by foe 
Westland affair are sustained, 
committee work will increas- 
ingly be seen as an important 
arena for members setting out 
to . make a name, for them- 


Aquino calls Cabinet meeting 

Australia boosts 
Philippines aid 

President Corazon Aquino 
has called a Cabinet meeting 
for tomorrow to decide wheth- 
er to proclaim a six-month 
revolutionary government to 
implement sweeping reforms 
and draw up a new constitu- 
tion for the Philippines. 

Yesterday she met for 30 
minutes with Mr Bill Hayden, 
Australia's Foreign Affairs 
Minister, who pledged a 50 
per cent boost in economic aid 
to her 13-day-old administra- 
tion, bringing Canberra’s 1986 
contribution to SI 7.5 million 
(about £8 3 million ).The US 
and Japan, which give foe 
greatest amount of aid to the 
Philippines, have also prom- 
ised to increase their contribu- 

Meanwhile, Mr Marcos's 
political allies have de- 
nounced as “dictatorial” and 
“worse than martial law” Mrs 
Aquino's reported plan to 
proclaim a revolutionary gov- 
ernment. Mr Arturo 
Tolentino, Mr Marcos's run- 
ning mate in the February 7 
election, said: “A revolution- 
ary government is the very 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Mr Hayden: Australia gives 

$17.5 million- 

antithesis of democracy”. 

Swept to power during a 
three-day military revolt and 
popular uprising. Mrs Aquino 
took her presidential oath in a 
“people's proclamation” 
hours before Mr Marcos fled 
foe country. Mr Tolentino said 
foe popular mandate, which 
circumvents the 1973 martial 
law constitution, “is foe worst 
type of dictatorship, worse 
than martial law, because it is 

a government of men not a 
government of law”. 

He said there would be no 
laws other than those Mrs 
Aquino and her ministers 
choose to obey and enforce 
during the transitional period 
“which could be six months or 
10 years. 

“We are at the mercy of foe 
people in power as to what 
laws govern us,” he said. 

Public criticism, coupled 
with the voiced reservations 
of Manila's diplomatic com- 
munity. stalled the proclama- 
tion of a revolutionary 
government which was to 
have occurred last Friday. 

Mis Aquino's advisers have 
proposed a six-month “legal 
hiatus”, during which a new 
constitution will be drawn up 
followed by a plebiscite. After 
its expected ratification, it is 
planned to hold combined 
general and local government 

On Friday the presidential 
palace, where Mrs Aquino has 
refusal to either Uve or work, 
will be opened to foe pubfic as 
a “museum of folly 

on Irish 

Customs authorities have 
confirmed tint, as a result of 
an IRA security alert daring 
the royal tour, all Irish pass- 
port-holders are being subject- 
ed to special scrutiny on 
arrival in Australia (Stephen 
Taylor writes from Adelaide). 

Irish nationals have been 
delayed for qBesthming and 
searches during what is being 
celebrated here as Irish Week. 

Mr Bob Spanswicfc, federal 
secretary of the Customs 
Officers* Association, said a 
memorandum seat to Customs 
branches throughout the coun- 
try had warned that suspected 
members of the IRA were 
thought to have travelled to 
Australia in the past oa the 
Dutch airline, KLM. 

• SYDNEY: The Irish Am- 
bassador, Mr Joseph Small 
said yesterday be was furious 
about reports of a security 
campaign against Irish nation- 
als during the royal visit 
(Renter reports). 

Royal handshake 
for Queenie 

From Stephen Taylor, Adelaide 

“Her Majesty plants a gum 
tree,” said foe programme for 
the Queen's -visit to Australia 
yesterday. Of such mundane 
fragments are royal tours com- 

The tree-planting was a 
symbolic affair, renewing foe 
gum tree on the site where 200 
settlers landed and pro- 
claimed foe colony of South 
Australia 150 years ago. 

That the landing took place 
— indeed that South Australia 
was established at all — was no 
thanks to the The Times. 
which strongly opposed foe 
Wakefieldians. the extraordi- 
nary compendium of idealists 
and EstebUshraeni profiteers 
who lobbied successfully for 
the South Australia Bill. 

The paper thundered on 
July 2, 1834: “Our duty to the 
public requires that we should 
broadlv declare our entire 
distrust of the w hole character 
and tendency of such a 
project, and our hope that it 

may rather be strangled in foe 
birth than live just long 
enough to spread disappoint- 
ment and ruin.” 

Fortunately such views did 
not prevail, and among the 
descendants of the first settlers 
who gathered yesterday was 
Queenie Bulbeck. an impish 
89-year-old whose father was 
so sickly when he set out at the 
age of 1 5 on HMS Buffalo that 
it was feared he would not 
survive the trip. He did and so 
thrived that he sired many 
children, including Queenie 
when he was aged 75. 

Waiting for the royal arriv- 
al, Queenie Bulbeck ventured 
that the Queen must get fed 
up. “We make her do far loo 
much.” she said. 

The Queen arrived and duly 
turned spadefuls of earth on to 
the young gum tree. Intro- 
duced to Queenie Bulbeck. she 
shook her hand and smiled 

hid £ln 
in notes 

From Christopher Thoir 
New York 

Former President Mai 
and his entourage fled 
Philippines with preci 
27,744^35 pesos (more t 
£1 million) in crisp, net 
printed notes, the 
attorney's office has revet 
in Honolulu. 

The first official details 
the loot, which was stuffed i 
22 boxes, came an hour a 
Mr Marcos failed to persu 
a judge in Ha wan that t 
should not be made public t 
matter of “fundamen 
fairness'*. Although -there ! 
been no official descriptor 
the jewellery the Marco 
took. US authorities value i 
between $5 million and I 

Mr Marcos seems to 
over-staying his welcome 
Hickam air force base 
Hawaii where he and his te 
have sole use of the offia 
dub for dining and recreati 

He is much given -to she 
Log and losing his temper 
the way the US is treating fa 
He has been told firmly (ha 
is time for him, his wife s 
their 80 relatives, servants i 
associates to move out. 

It appears that be has foi 
a temporary home in the le 
hills overlooking Honolt 
Estate agents say he i 
leased two adjoining houses 
a secluded residential dish 
with a panoramic view of 
Pacific. One of the hous 
which has three bedrooi 
was listed for sale recently 
$995,000. Local residents 
far from pleased at the pr 
pect of having Mr Marcos a 

The US attorney in Haw 
is expected to ask the fede 
district court to resolve disp 
ed property claims betwi 
Mr Marcos and the n 
Manila Government. Congr 
sional sources said the Man 
world holdings were estimai 
by the CIA to be worth uh 
than $2 billion. 

• MANILA: When she T 
the Philippines, Mrs Imel 
Marcos left behind enou 
expensive designer doth 
shoes, handbags and otl 
accessories to fill a departs* 
store, a journalist who risk 
the basement holding i 
wardrobe said yesterday (. 


1st APRIL 1986 
an injury. 


WHEN? New regulations* operative from 
1st April 1986 require employers and the self- 
employed to report to the Health and Safety 
Executive, ora local authority, injuries, 
cases of certain diseases and dangerous 
occurrences at work. 

and help 

prevent a 

Please send me 

bee brochures explaining RIDD0R 


WH0?Covering everyone at work these 
regulations will provide the flow of 
information on work related injuries and 
illnesses needed by the Executive in its work 
to make British industoy safer and healthier. 
Free brochures explaining your responsibilities 
are available. Send fbryour copies now. 


Health & Safety Executive 

Working to keep work safe 

Health and Safely Executive. SL Hugh's House, Stanley Precinct, 
Bootle, Merseyside. L20 3QY. 





































Send to RIDD0R. Room414 
Health and Safety Executive. St. Hugh's House 
Stanley Prednct Bootle. Masejsd* L2D 3QY. 
or Tel: 051 951 4284 (phone open 24 hours) 

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Every day, millions of 
Americans can’t resist sticking 
their tongues out at us. ^ 

No one can touch Baskin-Robbins when 
it comes to selling ice cream. 

Last year over 300 million people bought 
their ice cream through 3,000 Baskin-Robbins 

They were also voted America’s favourite 
fast-food chain for the third year running. 

Obviously in the States they think Baskin- 
Robbins is as American as Apple Pie. 

Which is hardly surprising as it’s run 
entirely by Americans. But it’s owned by Allied- 
Lybns, a British company. 




The story is much the same with the 
Doughnut Corporation of America. 

They provide the ingredients and the 
machinery for bakers to produce 15 billion 
doughnuts each year. 

Yes, it too is owned by Allied-Lyons. 

Then there is Tetley Inc. with its substan- 
tial business in iced tea, tea bags and coffee. 

Together these companies contributed a 
mouthwatering £32 million to Our record pre- 
tax profits of over £219 ii 1 I 

million last year. Alll^-^nS 

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economy in crisis 

and wages 

increase as 

Even without the increased 
aid President Reagan is seek- 
ing for the Nicaraguan rebels, 
the critical slate of the 
country’s economy has forced 
theSa nrfin ista Government to 
introduce drastic new eco- 
nomic measures for the sec- 
ond time this year. 

A statement from the presi- 
dential office announced this 
weekend an- average increase 
of 50 per cent in prices and 
salaries. The price increases' 

are across the board. Salaries 

have already gone up 80 per 
cent in January to ofiset the . 
effect of 250 per cent inflation. 

The government statement 
said the measures were taken 
“to stimulate production”, 
thereby “supporting the mili- 
tary defence of the 

Aid delay 
by Contras 

From Our Correspondent 
San Jos£, Costa Rka 

A leading anti-Sandinista 
political leader. Dr Arturo 
Cruz, says he favours a com- 
promise on Contra aid which 
would delay distribution of 
new military funds while 
peace talks are attempted with 
the Nicaraguan government 
Dr Cruz, one of the three ' 
leaders of the United Niczra- : 
guan Organization, said in an . 
interview here on Sunday; 
“My impression is that some 
son of aid will go." 

Dr Cruz said, he was in . 
favour of Congress appropri- 
ating aid but refraining from 
dispersing funds against die 
military component until a 
certain deadline had been- 
given to theContadora group . . 
to obtain -a (negotiated) na- 
tional solution with die Nica- 
raguan Government 
Dr Cnrzs conciliatory re- 
marks indicate that die . 
Contras recognize they face a 
stiff fight in Congress and may 
get no new aid unless they, 
appear, willing to lalk- 

From.Tfthn mpi^ag ra 

Affirming that it was neces- 
sary io“continuecontroffing 
an economic crisis, theprod- 

UCt !■««— I«l!^ — ■■ ■ -.* —** 

-the statement said theadSjust- 
ments would help “consoli- 
date the total defeat of the 
mercenary forces’% the 
Sandinistas’ usual term for the 
American-backed Contra 

, Facing a- lO-month-long 
economic blockade by the US 
and spending more than 40 
per cent of the national budget 

on defence, the Government 
finds itself economically 
strangled^ Only -two months 
ago it announced a devalua- 
tion of 150 per cent which, 
together with these latest mea- 
sures, is felt certain to boost 
the cycle of hyper-inflation. 

Diplomats in Managua said 
that if President Reagan suc- 
ceeds in persuading the US 
Congress to ajjprove $100 
million (£67 million) in aid to 
the estimated 1 5,000 Contras, 
the damage will be greater in 
economic than military terms 
inside Nicaragua. 

The 70,000-strong Sandinis- 
ta Army has been containing 
the Contras with consistently 
-greater ease in the last year, a 
pattern that is unlikely to 
change unless US military 
involvement increases dra- 

Bui aid to the Contras 
obliges the Sandinistas to 
focus attention on defence, 
draining the rest of the impov- 
erished economy at incalcula- 
ble long-term political cost. 

Reagan fights for 
full funding of 

FromMichael Binyon, Washington 

President Reagan does not 
want any . “half-way 
measures," and has not sent 
any signals to Congress that he 
is ready to compromise in his 
fight to secure $100 million 
(£67 million) in mitilary and 
other aid for the Contra rebels, 
the White House said yester- 
. day. 

“The President’s in the 
same position he was in last 
week. He’s proposed what we 
think is the best approach to 
Central American funding,” 
Mr Larry. Sjpeakes, the White 
Honse spokesman, said. “We 
don’t want any halfway mea- 
sures. That sums it up." 

His. remarks came , as Mr 
.Reagan stepped up his efforts 
to forcethe controversial pro- 
posal through Congress, with 
an address to an audience of 
conservative supporters and 
several meetings yesterday af- 
ternoon; with individual con- 

. Senator James Sasser has 

proposed a freeze on the aid 
for six months to give a chance 
for diplomatic talks on Nica- 
ragua to get going. But the 
White House has rejected such 
a moratorium as being too 
long. Mr Philip Habib, the 
President's new envoy for 
Central America, is expected 
to leave today for talks with 
President Duarte in El Salva- 

Mr Speakes said the Presi- 
dent would listen to what 
others have to say on the aid 
proposal and would discuss ft, 
but he had not changed his 
position. Officials here insist 
that Honduras, Costa Rica 
and other Central American 
states are privately urging the 
Administration not to let up 
in its efforts to help the 

However, a senior official 
admitted that the President 
would eventually probably 
have to settle for less than the 
full amount he warns - 

Liberals take lion’s share 
in Colombia election 

Vnm Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 

Hie Liberal Party swept to 
an impressive victory in con- 
gressfeoal and local govern- 
ment elections in Colombia at 
the weekend which wen 
viewed as primaries for the 
forthcoming presidential elec- 

On the basis of the Smday 
poll results, the liberal 
Party's presidential can d idat e, 
Sefior Virgflio Baroo Vargas, 
most be coasidered the 
favourite to win foe May 25 
presidential election, despite 
the con tinui n g divisions in the 
Liberal ranks. 

Although the Liberals have 
traditionally been Cotonrtria’s 
majority party and had been 
expected to garner the Eon's 
share of the votes, the scale of 
their triumph surprised politi- 
cal analysis b ere. 

With most results in, projec- 
tions yesterday gave the Liber- 

al Party 47 per cent and die 
Conservatives 36 per cent of 
the vote. 

Bat the big emprise of foe. 
election was: the disastrous 
showing of the Noevo 
Liberalistno movement,. * 
breakaway Liberal faction, 
which had been expected to 
bite deep into foe Liberal vote 
hot instead emerged with only 
a 9 per cent share. 

There mast now be serions 
doubts over whether Sefior 
Ltns Carlos Calan Sarmiento, 
the leader, of the breakaway 
Liberal faction, can continue 
to pursue foe presidency. Four 
years ago his candidacy split 
the Liberal vote ami led to the 
victory of the Conservative, 
Seier Belisario Betancnr. 
This year's Conservative pres- 
idential candidate, Sefior 
Alvaro Gfimea Hurtado, had 
dearly Imped to be the benefi- 

ciary of a similar spin in the 
Liberal vote. 

Sunday's results imdertiBed 
the old Colombian axiom that 
a week is a long time in 
politics. Last week the Liberal 
camp was pessimistic alxrat its 
chances of denting Sefior 
GaJan's challenge. There were 
also rumours that Sefior Baroo 
would step dowu on health 
grounds and be replaced as 
presidential candidate by far- 
mer President Alfonso Lopez 
Michdsen. Instead, Sefior 
Banco's position has been 
enormously strengthened and 
his hold on the candidacy 

Apart from a few minor 
incidents, the elections were 
orderly and peaceful, despite 
fears that subversive groups, 
particularly the leftist** April 
19 Movement" (M-19), might 
try to disrupt foe voting. 

Sweden pays a silent tribute to Palme 

Mrs Lisbeth Palme, the widow 
of Olof Palme, with her sons 
Marten, Mattias and Jorknn, 
in Parliament daring a one- 
minute silence for foe assassi- 
nated Swedish leader. 

As foe docks strode noon, 
everything stopped and there 
was silence (Christopher Mo- 
sey writes from Stockholm). 

Offl foe streets crowds stood 
still and most traffic halted as, 
oa a cold, grey day with foe 
Baltic shrouded in fog, Sweden 
yesterday paid a silent tribute 
to the Prime Minister cut 
down by a single shot fired by 

a man police describe as “a 
professional murderer" on 
February 28. 

With foe precision and effi- 
ciency on which it prides itself, 
Sweden switched to contem- 
plate foe act of violence. All 
trains, the Stockholm under- 
ground, bases, Gothenburg's 
trams and taxis stopped. 
Shops, offices and factories 
fell silent. 

Even foe thus far futile hunt 
for Mr Palme's killer was 
halted as were the security 
preparations for his state fo- 

neral on Saturday, which will 
be attended by 600 guests, 
including many world traders. 

Britain will be represented 
by Lord Wbiteiaw, Lord Presi- 
dent of the Council. Mr Neil 
JCuutock. leader of foe Opposi- 
tion, and Mr David Owen, 
leader of the Social Democrat- 
ic Party, and a member of Mr 
Palme's Independent Disar- 
mament Commission will also 

Yesterday it was announced 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Prime 
Minister of Israel, heavily 

guarded, would fly to Stock- 
holm in a special aircraft, to 
attend foe funeraL 

Back in Parliament a bou- 
quet of flowers was put on the 
bench that was usually occu- 
pied by Mr Palme. 

As foe silence ended, Mr 
Ingemund Beugtsson. the 
Speaker, paid tribute to the 
former leader saying Mr 
Palme “wanted to Eve in an 
open society. He believed 
there should be no gap be- 
tween foe elected and the 

Turks free 

From Rasit Gnrdilek 

An Istanbul military court 
ordered yesterday the release 
of the last six Turkish pacifists 
re maining in jail in connec- 
tion with the controversial 
trial of the leaders of the 
Turkish Peace Association. 

' The court also withdrew 
arrest warrants for five other 

Twenty-three leaders of the 
association, including writers, 
journalists, lawyers, academ- 
ics and artists, had . been 
sentenced to prison terms 
ranging from ’ five to eight 
years, but the sentences were 
twice repealed 

Seventeen of them had been 

released earlier, including Mr 
Apaydin, former chair- 
man of foe Istanbul Bar 

Orfzan Ar 

ydin, former 
Association and the deputy 
president of the World Union 
of Bar Associations, who died 
of cancer last month. 

At yesterday's hearing Dr 
Erdal Atabek. former chair- 
man of the Turkish League of 
Physicians, demanded his and 
bis friends' acquitiaL noting 
that he had already spent 38 
months in prison. 

The pacifist leaders, includ- 
ing Mr Mahmui Dikerdem, a 
former ambassador, were ar- 
rested during the crackdown 
on intellectual dissent after the 
1980 military coup. They were 
accused of subversive activi- 
ties in line with alleged in- 
structions from the outlawed 
Turkish Communist Party 
and the Moscow-nm World 
Peace CounciL 

‘ Their prosecution, along 
with other intellectuals and 
trade unionists, caused wide- 
spread criticism in the West. 

Party merger 
hopes fade 
in Zimbabwe 

Harare - The first rally held 
by Mr Joshua Nkomo since 
the elections last July lira 
jreinfbroed concern over the 
future of talks to unite his 
Zapu party and Zimbabwe’s 
ruling Zanu (PF) (Jan Raafo 

Observers believe that the 
rally of about 80,000 Zapu 
loyalists in a stadium in 
Bulawayo on Sunday was to 
prepare them for an. an- 
nouncement that the talks,, 
which began m September, 
wfil be called off 
Mr Nkomo repeatedly em- 
phasized foe need to negotiate 
an end to the hostility between 
die two parties, • 

Chilean junta opponents jailed 

Six leaders of Chile’s differ- 
ent opposition groups; includ- 
ing ibe editor of a popular 
magazine, have been impris- 
oned after charges were filed 
against them by foe military 
junta. .. 

The measure seems to be 
part of a crackdown on politi- 
cal leaders w ho are pushing 
hard forthe opposition to join 
forces and work together to . 
bring down General 
Pinochet's Government 

Four of the sx are associat- 
ed with the magazine Analisis, 
which has long advocated the 
unity- of the Chilean opposi- 
tion. TTiey are accused of 
violation of state security laws 
and, in the case of Sen or 
Fernando Paulsen, editor of 
An&lisis and Time m agaz i n e's 

From Lake Sagaris, Santiago 

Santiago correspondent defa- 
mation of foe aimed forces. 

Between them, Chile's six 
newest political prisoners rep- 
resent foe entire spectrum of 
the country’s divided opposi-. 
tion. Historically, the opposi- 
tion has been divided into two 
relatively powerful groups: foe 
Democratic Alliance, centred 
on the moderate Christian 
Democratic Party, and foe 
Popular Democratic Move- 
ment fed by the Communists. 

Among the prisoners are 
Senor Andres Palma, presi- 
dent of the Christian Demo- 
cratic Youth. 

' Their arrest has created a 
broad support movement the 
National Commando of Soli- 
darity, which is led by Sefior 
Alejandro Hales, a former 

Minister of Mines in President 
Eduardo Frei's Christian 
Democratic Government 

In a peaceful demonstration 
in Santiago’s main law courts 
late last week, Senor Hales 
said foe regime had stepped 
up threatening tactics. 

He accused the junta of 
using legislation designed to 
protect a democratic govern- 
ment against political leaders 
who are fighting precisely for a 
return to democratic rule in 

Shortly before being impris- 
oned, the prominent indepen- 
dent Senor Manuel Sanhueza, 
said the crackdown was a 
challenge to Chilean dissi- 
dents to “show then ability to 
cany on foe process of restor- 
ing democracy". 

South Africa police tighten 
security after bombings 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Security has been tightened 
at all South African police 
stations after foe detention of 
a white woman at the weekend 
in connection with the plant- 
ing of bombs at three police 
stations over the past few 

Meanwhile, the police re- 
ported that they had shot dead 
a black man allegedly throw- 
ing a petrol bomb at a house in 
the Bongweni township, near 
Cookhouse in foe Eastern 
Cape, on Sunday night They 
said they also found the body 
of a 15-year-old black youth 
who had apparently been 
hacked to death. 

So far the only information 
foe police have released about 
the mysterious white woman 
is that she is 27 years old, was 
arrested in Johannesburg. 
They said she had three limpet 
mines in her possession. 

Last Tuesday a mine of that 
type exploded in a second- 
floor lavatory in John Vorster 
Square, foe police headquar- 
ters for the Johannesbuig 
region. Two white policemen 
and two white civilians were 
injured by flying glass. 

Last Friday night a similar 
device was found in the 
women's lavatory at a police 
station in foe Hillbrow district 
of centra] Johannesburg, it 
was taken into a cordoned-off 
side street and detonated. A 
few windows were broken, but 
no one was hurt. 

Bomb attacks on police 
stations in black areas are 

frequent, but attacks on sta- 
tions in while areas are a new 
phenomenon. No organiza- 
tion has yet claimed responsi- 
bility for them, although the 
outlawed African National 
Congress (ANC) would be the 
most likely suspect. 

It is not unknown for the 
ANC to use whites for sabo- 
tage missions. Only recently a 
young white man was sen- 
tenced to seven years in prison 
for treason after undergoing 
military training with foe 
ANC abroad and returning 
with an AK-47 rifle and a 
number of hand grenades. 

In Cape Town, three blacks 
have agreed to come forward 
and testify publicly at a possi- 
ble murder hearing foal they 
saw the police shoot dead a 
man after he had attempted to 
give himself up. They also say 
the police shot dead another 
man who was lying wounded 
on the ground. 

The incidents allegedly oc- 
curred when the police shot 
dead seven black men on 
March 3 in Guguletu. near 
Cape Town. The men were 
said by the police to be ANC 
"terrorists" who had been 
planning to ambush a van 
carrying police to work. 

A young British doctor, 
David Bowen, aged 28. who 
has been working as a 
gynaecologist for foe past four 
years at Soweto's 
Baragwanath hospital, has 
said be intends to leave South 
Africa after being attacked last 

week by a black mob while 
going home on his motor 

Describing it as a "horrific 
experience". Dr Bowen said 
he was surrounded by the 
crowd who threw stones at 
him and brat him on foe head 
with a metal pole even after he 
had explained he was a doctor. 
He believed he had been saved 
from death only because he 
was wearing a helmeL 

• Miners' strike: Some 

20.000 black miners are re- 
ported to be on strike at two 
gold mines south-west of Jo- 
hannesburg. The management 
of the Blyvooraitzicht Gold 
Mine near Carletonvilfe, 
owned by Rand Mines, said 
that 7,000 miners had gone on 
strike there yesterday for rea- 
sons not yet known. 

The National Union of 
Mineworkers (NUM) claimed 
that 10,000 blacks were in- 
volved in a “sit-in strike 
underground" at the mine 
because of discontent with foe 
"bonus system" whereby 
white miners get extra pay 
depending on the amount of 
ore dug out by the gangs of 
black labourers in their 

At the Anglo-American 
Corporation's Vaal Reefs 
mine, near KJerksdorp. which 
is foe second-biggest gold 
mine in South Africa, some 

10.000 black employees are 
reported to be still not work- 
ing in a dispute that began last 

by sacked 

Quito (Reuter) — 
Ecuadorean naval officers ap- 
peared to have defused foe 
crisis in the armed forces 
yesterday, persuading the dis- 
missed armed forces chief to 
submit to military authority. 

But General Frank Vargas 
Pazos, sacked by President 
Febres Cordero on Friday for 
insubordination, said he 
would remain at the Manta air 
base until a council of military 
chiefs considered his case. 

“I have agreed to submit 
myself to military laws and 
this problem will be resolved 
according to the legal military 
order." he said. 

It was not dear whether the 
stand-off would be acceptable 
to the President or to General 
Luis Pineiros, the Defence 
Minister, whom General Var- 
gas has accused of bribery and 
misuse of military funds. 

General Pineiros has denied 
any wrongdoing, and has 
called in government auditors. 

Spanish right stays opposed to Nato poll 





a ‘no’ «» 

at more 

q 3B£ from 

dim campaign. Sefior Fefipe 
Goaratez, foe Priu» Minister, 
. was to dose the GoTernment's 
campaign for a “yes" rote at a 

i*fly in Marfridlast mghL 

Sefior Fraga'S call for a 
boycott has earned dissent m 
Spain and has drawn criticism 
from sister parties abroad, 
such as the West German and 
Itafian Christian Democrats. 

. He said his coalition stock 
unanimously hr foe*r decision. 
“We reject any rasponsibffity 

of < 


■ the last 

we have always opposed. 

He refused to comment 
when asked about foe concern 
expressed at foe weekend by 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Lord Carrington, Nato's Sec- 
retary-General, and Mr Rand 
Lubbers, foe Dutch Prime 
Minister and current chair- 
man of foe EEC Council of 

Sefior Fraga carefully em- 
phasized, however, that "we 
are the real Afoutiosts". The 
.Government had turned the 
referendum into a plebiscite, 
•and the question before the 
voters was "full of tricks." 

A ‘‘yes" remit meant Spans 
would hare only “second-class 
nation states" in the affiance. 
The Opposition wants full 
integration in Nato’s com- 
mand structures, which is 

rated oat by foe Government 

The Government resorted to 
desperate arguments to win 
over voters in the last honrs of 
campaigning. Speaking in 
Basque country, Sefior Fran- 
dsco Fentfindez Ordonez, foe 
Foreign Minister, said that; 
should Spain quit Nato, “mor- 
ally speaking the European 
Community inH hare finished 
with ns". 

Groups opposed to Nato 
membership said Sunday’s 
rally in Madrid, attended by 
about 100,000 people, showed 
victory within their grasp. 
Sefior Antonio Gala, foe play- 
wright, who is chairman of foe 

“Citizens' Forum for Leaving 
Nato", declared: "There are 
times like now when citizens' 
movements are more impor- 
tant than the political parties. 
We are going to go where we 
want to, and not where they 
want to take ns." • 

Pacifist and anti-Nato 
groups joined forces with the 
Cbnunzuiists for the rally, 
which was also addressed by 
former General Gerd Bastian, 
the West German Greens 
leader, and Britain's Monsi- 
gnor Bruce Kent, deputy chair- 
man of foe Campaign for 
Nuclear Disarmament, 
Carrington Interview, page 12 


The kidnapped Frenchmen, from top left, Philippe Rochot, 
chief reporter, Georges Hansen, cameraman, Anrel Cornea, 
sound engineer and Jean-Lotus Normandin, electrician. 

Tehran recalled 

Paris — The news media 
here were yesterday compar- 
ing the kidnapping of four 
French television men with 
the American hostage crisis in 
Tehran, whicb ended in Janu- 
ary 1 9S0 after 444 days iSusan 
MacDonald writes). 

Similarities have been not- 
ed: the Islamic Fundamental- 
ists sought to bring President 
Carter to his knees at the end 
of his term and now they seek 
to humiliate the French So- 
cialist Government just a 
week away from the general 
elections. ’ 

A communique released by 
the Islamic extremists on the 

Saturday night kidnapping ac- 
cuses the four-man television 
crew of being involved in 
suspicious activities. 

Last week the Islamic Jihad 
claimed one of (he onginaf 
hostages had been killed and 
another would be killed if two 
Iraqi dissidents, expelled by 
France last month, were not 
returned io - France within 
seven days. 

Three official French emis- 
saries have been sent to 
Damascus. Beirut and Tehran 
to negotiate the hostages re- 
lease but foe Iranian Govern- 
ment has refused a visa iq the 
delegate bound for Tehran 

dies in 

A British student teach 
working in West Germai 
died in hospital yesterd 
after being attacked in a pa 
in Hamburg. * 

Miss Helga Roberts, agi 
22. from Ashdon, Essex, was 
language student on a yeai 
sabbatical leave and is t 
lieved to have been rapi 
before being strangled and 1 1 
for dead. 

German police believe si 
was either on her way hon 
from a railway station or o 
jogging when she was attack! 
only 200 yards from where si 
was staying. 

Gandhi plot 
trial starts 

New York — A Sikh wl 
has lived in the United Siat 
since 1982 went on trijl he 
yesterday on charges of pk 
ting io assassinate Mr Raj 
Gandhi, the Indian Prin 
Minister, when he visited if 
US last year (Christoph 
Thomas writes). 

Gurpanap Singh Birk. age 
35. a computer scientist is ah 
accused of conspiring io pu 
chase explosives and weapoi 
as part of a plan to fomei 
revolutions in India. He 
pleading not guilty. 

Holy role 

Boston (UPI) -The Roms 
Catholic archdiocese of Bo 
ton is using actresses, to po 
tray nuns and do-goodt 
students in television con 
mercials aimed at boostir 
donations from foe public t 
35 per cent to $1 1 mi Hid 
(£7.5 million} this year. 

Poppy battle 

Islamabad (UPI) - Fix 
people were killed and 3 
wounded when poppy growei 
clashed with paramilitai 
troops sent to desire v foe 
crops in the Gadoon Amaz 
tribal area in Pakistan 
North-West Frontier Pro 1 ' 

Church attack 

La Puente. California (AF 
— A gunman stood up during 
church service and opened fir 
on the congregation, killin 
one man and injuring tw 
other people who had appai 
entiy been involved in 
domestic dispute with him. 

Plane found 

Taipei (UPI) - A domesri 
Boeing 737 with 13 people o 
board, missing in the Taiwa 
■Strait for three weeks, ha 
been found at foe bottom c 
the ocean near the Pescadore 
Islands. China Airlines said. 

Ships stormed 

Dhaka (AP) — Bangiades 
security forces stormed si 
■government-owned merchan 
ships at Chittagong and re 
moved 80 striking officers am 
their families in an attempt n 
end a 10-day work stoppage. 

Spy jailed 

Seoul (AFP) — A Japanes 
student aged 25 has beei 
jailed for seven years by . 
South Korean court for spyip; 
for North Korea. 

■ ^ ■ ■ rr *^ 




































Ariel Hidalgo 

By Caroline Moorehead 

A historian and prize-win 
ning writer, working as j 
teacher for adults at a hig] 
school near Havana, has beer 
in detention since the summe* 
of 1981. Ariel Htdalgc 
Guillen, who is 40, is beinj 
held under Article 10S-I 
which covers anyone wht 
"incites against the socia 
order, international solidarity 
or foe socialist state by meant 
of oral or written propagande 
or any other form.” 

The case against him was 
not, however, based on .a 
manuscript found in bis 
house, in which he protested 
that Cuba was not a true 
socialist state but a bureaucra- 
cy that had brought the coun- 
try’ to an economic standstill, 
bul on the evidence of the 
neighbourhood defence com- 
mittee. which said that be 
“talked too much.” 

Ariel Hidalgo Guillen wras a 
professor of socio-economics 
at foe Manolito Aguilar 
Workers’ College before his 
first arrest in I PSG after pro- 
testing against a group of 
people throwing stones at a 
young student who was apply- 
ing io leave foe country He 
was soon released. 

For foe first 14 months of 
his detention. And Hidalgo 
Guillen was held in solitary 
confinement. Then he was- 
transferred to a normal cell 

Since August. 1984. howev- 
er. he has been kept incommu- 

• Jose Mana Sison, featured 
jn this column in January. 
1985. was one of a number of 
political prisoners released in 
foe Philippines last week 


yj v crvocno injc. *v j 

me, iiivica iujcmjax MARCH 11 1986 

The communal conflict in Sri Lanka 


■ Tamils step 


moves m 
on north 

From Charles Harrison 

National Resistance Army 
troops are poised to take 
northern Uganda — the last 

region to fall - after capturing 
Gulu. 208 miles north of 

Guiu, 208 miles north of 
Kampala, at the weekend. 
Gulu is the main administra- 
tive centre for the whole of 
northern Uganda. 

President Museveni's 
troops captured Kampala on 
January 26 after driving out 
the armed forces of the former 
ruling Military Council, led by 
General Tito Okello and his 
army commander. General 
Basilio Okello. 

Since then, they have been 
consolidating their hold on the 
country by moving first to the 
Kenya border in eastern 
Uganda and then turning 

Until last week Uganda was 
virtually divided in two: the 
NRA controlled the south, 
east and west of the country 
while the Military Council 
controlled the north. 

But the fleeing Military 
Council troops appear to have 
lost their will to fight as Gulu 
fell within three hours 

There has been no news of 
General Basilio Okello, who 
appears to have left Gulu 
before the assault. General 
Tito Okello. the former head 
of state, is in Sudan and has 
not vet responded to appeals 
from Mr Museveni to return 
to Uganda under a promise of 
safe conduct. 

There are still large areas of 
northern Uganda to be taken 
by Mr Museveni’s troops, and 
uis thought they will continue 
their advance north to the 
Sudan border, about 60 miles 
from Gulu. 

It is believed the NRA will 
not advance on the West Nile 
region, separated from the rest 
or Uganda by the river Nile, 
until later. 

However, they will not be 
able to claim complete control 
of the country until they have 
taken the West Nile region. 

The situation in Kampala, 
the capital, was more normal 
yesterday than it had been for ; 
years, with large shipments of 
Ugandan coffee, the country’s 
main export, flowing daily 
into neighbouring Kenya for 
shipment to work! markets - 
earning large sums of money ! 
at the current high world j 
market pnee. 

p attacks on 


Villagers critics 

From Michael Hamlym Colombo 

Proving precisely how diffi- 
cult it is to forecast a volatile 
insurgency, news of a renewed 
terrorist attack on Sinhalese 
civilians in Sri Lanka’s East- 
ern Province was breaking just 
as the National Security Min- 
ister was telling me that the 
situation in the east was much 
improved, and that it could be 
cleared up “I think by June". 

Mr Lalith Athulaihmudali 
said there could be no timeta- 
ble. “no miracles”, but he was 
confident that security had 
improved, “partly because of 
the military effort, but partly 
because tbe people there are 
with us. 

“The terrorists in the areas 

they controlled did not behave 
well.” he said. “They have 
hung too many people on the 
lamp-posts. But we have 
proved the old military theory 
of domination by presence. 
We have been able to put 
enough people on the ground 

Mr Athulaihmudali, the 
Oxford and Harvard-educated 
strong man of the Cabinet 
was not so confident about the 
situation in the far north. In 

the Jaffna peninsula the mili- 
tary have been unwilling to do 
much ground patrolling, for 
fear of road mining, and have 
concentrated on air attacks on 
rebel targets. 

The air bombardment has 
caused distress among the 
densely populated lanes and 
villages of the peninsula. Mr 
Athulaihmudali said yester- 
day that he had slopped using 
bombs “because they were so 
inaccurate”, although he ad- 
mitted: “Air power necessarily 
means that someone is going 
to be killed that you didn’t 
intend. We are also having a 
serious rethink about using 
the rockets as well,” he said. 

Threats by the Tamil mili- 
tants, who are fighting for a 
separate state in the north and 
east, to acquire surface-to-air 
missiles were treated serious- 
ly, but he was confident that 
by the time they were able to 
purchase them the armed 
forces would have counter- 
measures in place. 

Reports circulating in Co- 
lombo indicate that the Liber- 
ation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, 
the bluest group of active 

militants, has failed in two 
attempts to buy Sam 7 mis- 
siles from sources in Britain. 

Yesterday's attack in East- 
ern Province was on Sinhalese 
who had returned to a village 
from which they had been 
driven by the militants. A 
police guard at an .irrigation 
project was inadequate to 
protect them when they were 
attacked again. Eight people 
were killed, two of them 
Tamils working on the 

Sinhalese civilians in a simi- 
lar situation in neighbouring 
Dehiwaite were attacked last 
month and 36 were killed, 
together with four of their 
military escort. 

Attacks of this kind have 
been increasing recently. The 
aim appears to be to drive the 
Sinhalese out of areas which 
the militants claim as tradi- 
tional Tamil homelands^ 

Military attacks upon i amil 
civilians have also continued. 
On the same day as the 
Dehiwatte attack, security 
forces opened fire on a crowd 
of Tamil civilians as they 
threshed their paddy in fields 

in the Amparai district Re- 
ports suggest that a group of 
Muslim farmers who had been 
driven off by Tamil militants 
returned with the security 
forces. Forty people died 

In response to cries of 
outrage at the indiscriminate 
slaughter, an inquiry by the 
armed forces chiefs of staff 
was set up. “After I get the 
report I shall hand it to tbe 
Attorney-General for action,” 
Mr Athulathmudali said. 

There are also protests 
about a security zone set up in 
Jaffna in which a half-mile 
circle has been drawn around 
the military encampment in 

Ffom Christopher Walker 

Moscow " 

the old forL The troops say 
that within the circle they will 

that within the circle they will 
feel free to return mortar fire if 
they are shot at 

The area includes the city 
hospital, post offices, hotels 
and other public buildings, the 
main bus station and the 
busiest bazaar. 

So far, however, the right to ' 
fire has not been used, except 
by a nervous sentry who fired ; 
at three pensioners arriving 1 
early to queue for their pen- j 
sions. They were shot deaiL 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli Prime Minister (left) and Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the Foreign 
Minister, at the Herat convention yesterday. They are to swap positions in September. 

Rivals battle for Begin party 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

The battle for control of the 
Herut party of Mr Menachem 
Begin is under way at its first 
national convention since 

The former Prime Minister 
did not come out of his self- 
imposed political exile for the 
event and sent a message to 
say that his position as chair- 
man was now vacant and Lhal 
he hoped the party would 
emerge strengthened and unit- 
ed under the leadership of Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir. 

That wish seems a pious 
hope. In the run-up to the 
convention. Mr Shamir has 

been strongly challenged by 
hardline factions supporting 
Mr David Levy and Mr Arid 
Sharon. Mr Shamir seems 
certain (o be allowed to con- 
tinue as party leader simply 
because he alone can benefit 
from the agreement with the 
Labour Party to become 
Prime Minister from next 

But at this convention his 
two main challengers, along 
with Mr Moshe .Arens, his 
leading supporter, are wheel- 
ing and dealing behind the 
scenes to lake over key posi- 
tions so that they can influ- 

ence policy for the next 
general election in 1988. 

Each challenger claims that 
he is the true bar to Mr Begin 
and each challenger is already 
complaining that his rivals 
have fiddled elections for 
convention delegates in order 
to secure a majority within the 

The one thing certain is 
that, whoever wins, the parly 
will continue to seek young 
supporters by insisting that 
Israel must hang on defiantly 
to all the territory it now 

Waldheim faced with fresh Nazi accusations 

From Richard Bassett 

The Austrian weekly maga- 
zine Profit, which last week 
reported details of Dr Kurt 
Waldheim's alleged wartime 
membership of the Nazi 
Brownshirts (SA). yesterday 
published further documents 
detailing the former United 
Nations Secretary-General's 
alleged links with the Nazis. 

These included the findings 
of a denazification commis- 

sion responsible for vetting Dr 
Waldheim in 1946 to decide 
whether he was eligible to 
practise as a lawyer in postwar 

Dr Waldheim has consis- 
tently denied ever having been 
a member of the SA or 
involvement in any wartime 
atrocities carried out in the 
Balkans by a unit he was 
attached to. 

According to ProfiL the 
denazification commission. 

which investigated 13,000 
cases in 1946, entered in its 
records that Dr Waldheim bad 
been a member of an SA 
riding squadron. 

As the commission's inqui- 
ries had to be answered per- 
sonally, the magazine said 
yesterday that it found it 
difficult to believe that Dr 
Waldheim did not know 
about his SA membership. 

weekend television interview 
here, a poll taken by the Fessel 
Institute found that his sup- 
port among the electorate bad 
increased dramatically to 42 , 

Of those polled, 87 per cent 
believed that the revelations i 
of Dr Waldheim’s past in The 

New York Times and Prefit 
last week were the result of a 

Meanwhile, in the wake of 
Dr Waldheim's emotional 

last week were the result of a 
campaign to prevent him 
being elected Austria’s Presi- 
dent in the May election. 

French elections: Part 2 

Why the voters keep their party choices secret 

The murder of a Socialist 
supporter, helping to pot up 
party campaign posters, by a 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

of extreme-right Nation- 
ant poster stickers at the 

ai Front poster stickers at the 
weekend was an eloquent re- 
minder of why most French 
people prefer to keep their 
political affiliations to them- 

Although they have a repu- 
tation as one of the most 
“politicized” nations in the 
world, and are always ready to 
engage in political argument, 
they are virtually never willing 
to reveal which party they 

Asking a Frenchman which 
way he voted in the last 
election is like asking how 
much money he earns. It is a 
completely private affair. The 
secret is not even shared 
between man and wife. 

That is why no one would 
ever dream of putting a “Vote 
Mitterrand” sticker on their 
car bumper, or an “I hack 
Chirac" poster in their front 
window, as in Britain. “You 
would be asking to get your 
tyres slashed or a brick 
through your window,” a 
shocked friend exclaimed. 

Similarly, no party candi- 
date would dream of going 

round knocking on doors can- 
vassing for votes. “That would 

be considered an 'oiteinte d la 
vie priv€e\ an invasion of 
individual privacy,” a Ganllist 
candidate explained. 

The most a voter normally 
receives in. direct attempts to 
persuade him to favour a party 
or candidate Is a pamphlet 
outlining the party’s progress, 
mailed to his home address. 
That is paid tor by the state, 
provided the party won more 
than S per cent of the vote in 
the last general election. 

Nearly all other campaign 
expenses are met by the 
individual parties or the candi- 
dates themselves. There is no 
limit to how much may be 
spent, but there are curiously 
few' complaints about any par- 
ty having an unfair advantage 
because of the superiority of 
its fnnds- 

This could well have some- 
thing to do with the fact that 
the most powerful weapon in a 
party’s campaign arsenal — 
television time — cannot be 

In the past, political big- 
wigs seemed to beam ' down 
with a uniform iy toothpaste- 
ad grin from virtually every 
street corner, though now the 
official campaign l«w begun 
posters are supposed to be 
limited to special official cam- 
paign boardings. 

People complain that they 
have heard it all before. While 
they are disillusioned with the 
Socialists, they do not believe 
that tbe old right team will be 
able to do much better. 

“They all sound the same 
nowadays, don’t they?” tbe 
right-wing former-mayor of a 
little village in Seine et Marne 
grumbled. “They all lie, and 
they’ve got nothing new to tell 

The Government allocates a 
fixed amount of time for party 
political broadcasts during the 
final two weeks of a campaign, 
totalling 90 minutes for each 
of the two main parties of right 
and left. The parties then 
usually allocate that time in 
accordance with the number of 
their parliamentary deputies. 

But in the country there is 
virtually nothing, whereas in 
Britain one would expect the 
party colours everywhere dur- 
ing an election campaign. 

AH elections are considered 
boring by those living through 
them, but the French elector- 
ate appears even more bored 
by this election than most in 
the past despite the critical 
importance of its outcome. 

• Poll finale: Under French 
law, no polls may be published 
in tbe final week of the 
campaign. The last polls, pub- 
lished at the weekend, indicate 
sopport for the right-wing 
RPR-UDF alliance of between 
42 per cent and 44 per cent of 

French campaigns are near- 
ly always low-key. There ts 
none of the omnipresent carni- 
val atmosphere of an Ameri- 
can election, for example. 
Indeed, were it not for televi- 
sion and press coverage, it 
might sometimes almost be 
wondered if it really was going 
on at all. 

That is hi large part due (o 
tbe fact that most of the 
French feel that they have 
been firing through an election 
campaign not only for the past 
couple of months but for the 
past five years, ever since the 
Socialists managed to seme 
power for the first time in 27 

292 to 297 seats in the new 
assembly, only just enough to 
provide them with the overall 
majority they insist tbs y need 
before they would be wiUiiig to 
form a government. 

Tbe Socialists are given 28 
to 31 per cent, the Communists 
between 10 and 16.5 per cent, 
and the extreme-right Nation- 
al Front 6 to 8 per cent 


■P » g 

Pure . • • 

Leading traditionalists 
within the Soviet Communist 
Party have launched a cam- 
paign to halt the debate on 
special privileges tor senior 
members that accompanied 
the 27th party congress. 

Yesterday Mr Igo Schvetz, a 
member of the new Central 
Committee and a leading party 
organizer, denied that many of 
the privileges — indnding elite 
buffets, shops and hospitals - 
existed. To the audible disbe- 
lief of foreign journalists, he 
cfoimed that he was not per- 
mitted to attend any special 
shops as a Central Committee 
member. “I also stand in the 
queues, and we stand 
together,” he said. 

Mr Schvetz angrily dis- 
missed a question on the issue 
from The Times as “an artifi- 
cially aired question” and 
denied that it had occupied 
anything but an insignificant 
proportion of the 168,000 
suggestions for party rule 
changes in the run-up to the 
congress, which ended last 

Senior Western diplomats 
claimed later that his press 
conference — the last of a 
series on congress issues — 
was evidence of a deep split 
within the party on the issue 
and the degree of open debate 
on it that should be permitted. 

Tbe debate was seen as the 
first sign of significant opposi- 
tion to the reforming drive of 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov. 

Western sources claim that 
the privileges also include 
access to special housing, 
holiday facilities and other 
aspects of Soviet life unavail- 
able to ordinary workers. All 
members of the Central Com- 
mittee receive black limou- 
sines with a chauffeur, which 
have die right to use the 
central lanes on all Moscow's 
boulevards reserved for top 
party and government cars. 

In die congress debates, the 
privileges were bitterly at- 
tacked by, among others, Mr 
Boris Yeltsin, the tough new 
chief of the Moscow City 
Communist Party and a junior 
member of the Politburo. He 
was later indirectly rebuked by 
Mr Yigor Ligacbev, the Polit- 
buro number two, who said the 
limits to public criticism of 
sensitive issues had been over- 
stepped already. 

Yesterday Mr Schvetz sup- 
ported that view, reacting 
defensively to all questions on 
privileges. He acknowledged 
that special duties existed for 
party members, but argued 
that die tradition went back to 
die era of Lenin and was 
shnOar for other Soviet orgam- 
zatioHs, such as industrial 

Amoi% other touting figures 
who have lent their weight to 
tbe campaign to restrict the 
debate is President Gromyko. 
This backlash is believed by 
Western expats to have 
strong support among tbe 
middle ranks of die 18 million 
members of tile party. 

Mr Schvetz also disclosed 
yesterday that pre-conference 
attempts to have enforced 
retirement for officials built 
into tbe revised party rales 
had foiled. 

length taffeta coats tookwHite; 

old-svfe HotarotfToc- pop, 
stare trviwt to lOoksmfuL 

Fit, shape and 
form are the 
new message from 
the centre of 


casual elegance 

M ilan fashion used 
to be about a 
curvy sweater, a 
pair of leather 
trousers and a touch of tender 
tailoring. Now Italy means fit, 
form and shapei Skinny skirts, 
a s*rong revival of the day 
dress and glitzy evening glam- 
our Is tbe message from 
Milan. The accent has moved 
from the hips to the waist, bust 
and derriere, and designers 
love the little black dress. 

It all seems much more like 
haute couture than laid-back 
Milanese sportswear. Design- 
ers are even talking about 
showing evening collections in 
Rome alongside the Alta 
Moda, keeping the Milan 
shows as casual wear de luxe. 

Tbe new Italian silhouette is 
an S. That stands for shape, 
and makes the favoured fab- 
rics clinging jersey or drapes of 
matt chiffon. 

Gianfranco Ferre and 
Gianni Versace have been a 
couture cut above the rest in 
the first two days of showings. 
Versace showed a strong col- 
lection that looked modern in 
spite of a him of 1950s 
Balenciaga in the layered hem- 
lines and op art prints from 
the sharp-end of the 1 960s. 

Versace’s strength is that he 
works at bis collection, push- 
ing the frontiers of fabric 
technology and experimenting 
this season with some imagi- 
native cutting. This was at its 
best in his tailoring, cut on the 
curve for fitted three-quarter 
jackets over slim skins, or a 
steel grey alpaca coat with 
panels of fabric each brushed a 
different way. ■ • 

T he curves were bi- 
sected by angular op- 
tic prims that came in 
jazzy black and while 
or in silver on black for 
Versace’s high-tech metal 

This was a good collection, 
but one that demands a per- 
fect figure and a sophisticated 
way of life. The only conces- 
sion to easy Italian elegance 
was a long pleated chiffon 
skirt worn with elongated knit 
cardigans' • and some 
mouthwatering colours of ap- 
ple green, orange sorbet, and 
primose yellow. 

It was the same story at 
Ferre, who needs the best less 
in town to show off his short, 
tight skirts or his cut-away 
black jersey evening dresses 
circled with gilded hoops at 
the waist Ferre’s structure is 
subtle and so are the best ofhis 
colours: caramels and beiges 

.; -j 

‘x ■ 

Rising star; Romeo Gigli 
endorses the pfom jersey 
sculpted dress (top) 



that deepened to beech brown 
and hotted up to. vibrant coral 

A master cutter does not 
have to stick to laboring and 
some of Ferre’s moist delicious 
clothes were camel cashmeres, 
horizontally ribbed and 
worked in interesting waist- 
length shapes, 

. Terre has a new tine that 
pushes fabrics forwards so 
that the folds are gathered in 
at the front. This was used for 
jersey tops to the clingy skirts, 
for long fire-red shantung 
coats or for puritan white 
organdie blouses. Trousers 
wm save his customers from 
the short skirts which were at 
their most doubtful in stretch 
gold lurex. 

The nouvelle couture story 
was rammed home by Fendi 

r relay, when the famous 
house showed first its 

fur house showed first its 
clothes collection; Paris-based 
Karl Lagerfeld offers chic 
French suits with fitted jackets 
and tight skirts in camel and 
black. Skin-tight, drop-dead 
evening dresses under floor- 

stars nying to looksmtufr 
When the fort came-b»n ti : 
was quite a different nwod^for 
the sweeps of sfdn were shown . . 
over, black-ribbed' tofwrotS — 
and leggings. The stretchier- . . 
sey body, pioneered in ftms' 
by Ala is. was tbe basefof.s 
fabulous collection of to* aS i 
generouslv cut w swW or 
cinched at the waisL Tbe f 
Fendi sisters push for to its l . 
technical limits, and Lagerfeld 1 ~ 
stretches the imagination; Tfc 
result was furs dappled to look? 
like wind-tossed watcr aud 
dyed a Ncpume's kingdom of : 
greens and blues, as well' as 
fare that were left ut all tbeir ' 
natural gtory. ' 

Tbe Missoni colour and 
prim was handled with skill - 
-this season. Fitted jackets in 
felted boiled wopf- were print- 
ed with wild swirls of colour ; 
and married weft wish, dim 
skirts or narrow trousers. The ' 
jackets also came short, wide - 
and swingy over the tube, 
skins; they were balanced by : 
elongated thigh-fengib cardi- 
gans. Silhouette prints showed ; 
greyhounds, skiers and danc- 
ers in action on slinky silk 
jersey that was softened by a 
rippling pep] tun of fabric at 
the waist Big pouchy berets or 
curly cocktail ; Into gave a 
couture touch to tins spirited 
collection. .. ;,v. . 

A certain styte dTIu*- *. 
f\ ian woman is cete^ 
-/-V braied by Marriucaa 
- JL ■■ A- Mandelh of Kriafia — a 
the kind who is flamboyant. :> 
feline and cuddles info Tier - 
dotfies. Krizia by day stayed - 
nearest to the essential Itahaa. 
image: short curvy jackets; , 
ritzy furs, soft sweaters. and 
easy skirts. These werc sur- . 
prisrngiy long — to mid-calf — • 
in soft wool or tubular ribbed \ 
knit veined like marble. At 
night it was sbowbusiness as:; 
usual with raunchy sheath 
dresses in cerise or scarlet f ; 
satin, plasticized seqoined : 
chiffon and glitter chainroail 
The most interesting collec- 
tion of the week has obme 
from 36-year-old Romeo 
Gigli, who took as his theme 
that other symbol of Italian 
womanhood, the madonna. 

With arms piously crossing 
their breasts, make-up free 
feces demurely down, his 
models walked in like a First . 
Communion class. They wore 
clothes of great purity and 
simplicity: the plainest tubular 
sweaters or long cardigans in 
oatmeal or black — black, in 
jersey, wool, crepe and chif- 
fon. made up 90 per cent of 
this collection. 

Romeo Gigli, like Ferre, 
first trained as an architect. He 
cuts and wraps cleverly, influ- 
enced by the Japanese, and his 
high-waisted madonna dress- 
es. long medieval wrists and 
monkish hoods looked fresher 
and more directional than 
Milan’s high fashion fit 
Giorgio Armani. Italy’s 
master tailor, is still to show 
tonight We wait to see wheth- 
er he will stick to stylish 
sportswear or bowl for the 

Photographs by 

• Welcome back to the dress: 
in stretched jersey, short and 




Colour it black, with ck 

fror/Tjewels : 

• Sheepskin flares into short 
jackets to the waist, dyed 
vermilion at Versace or golden 
chamois from Ferre. 

• Heads: small, chic and 
sleek. Karl Lagerfeld tops coni- 
cal hats with fur pom-poms. 

9 Accessories: silver chain I 
belts and bag handles, sculp- j 
rural earrings and bold | 

Carr Tones 

Latest coBedions delivered! 
Vl |ttst 1 raaRe 4 sSBrtl tn) 4 spttuHv 
toped far busy Iw* UnHjuely we *ti a 
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outfits far a year B s a bm mwament 
yuuD saw time avod hassle and baht 

51 5oatb St, Chichester, Serna: 
Phone 0243 787182 

This beautiful tapestry - a circlet 
o? honeysuckle, briar roses, and ivy 
entwined on & dark rfwmiaff back- 
ground, has been specially designed 
for ua by Susan Sheen, one of Britalnh 
most accomplished needlework 
designers. The canvas, IS holes to the 
inch, measures 17'xl4K*'and is 
worked torimptehtUf-crossstitch. It in 
Panted in the foil eleven colouis: 
Fowderblue, kh&kvsaad, beech green, 
sage green, pale mauve, white, faded 

rore ptn^raapbeny, peacock green at 

fill 111 HdlJ 

from the Appleton 
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y Suzy Menkes 

above left) the M-skirted co« vrifli cinched waist worn over wide soft crousera 
BfwmtV-Mdc and son rnehmg to a skfrav-sfcntBd sflra Ibbi dress 

Harrods have chosen this 
superb jacket from 
for its exceptional value, 
only available at this 
price until April 12th 1986, 

Fur Rooms. First Floor 
Personal Shoppers Only 
Ask for written details. 

Wtelc don to be shown on Saturday. Princess of Wales designer Street emporium. It includes a 

— - - ■ -* J — * L " , t ,J '* mafi order section for readers 

outside Londoa. There is an 

__ _ .... . interview with the designer 

wtxanda tSHpoaSe was the most rather than showing with the Rachel Asbarm Susan Back- 
barracks fashionable Paris accessory, rest of the feshion circus in the house talks about the trip to 
p interna- Jasper says that his New I*ok tents. . . Africa which inspired, the 

LTwhBe comprises “a little while jade- So is Alistair Blair, who was prints for her new coUecboiL 
r<han at et tapered in at the waist*, as also approached by Hartnell The magazine w31 be on sale 
1 jpgjj ju the Ipag and sirapt He shows his .first collection from March 14 at Virgin 

„ and short and tight His de under hs own label* backed by Record stores and branches of 

luxe cashmeres 4 in Chase! the entrepreneur Peter WH Smith, 
and will he shown this season and Bertefeon, on Friday. Alistair, #Safe£y g nd bondage 

princess there « * big (impact rather who worked with ban ^gi attempt a "come- 

a faud- than tihe) evening story. j>gg ifel tf ** y ^ rs ’ back next week in John 

ow “«* • it has finally OHftetopissal C™dier'sD,«Jm 

ry heavy- xfygtuM » yon have been £nLS 2 Si«SJ»^T^We t,ed P re d iCtabl y T .fce 
» such as SS£g on this page: the Anarchists". Abo attempting 

Reed and trinity of Sheridan will, Alistair, we wilL * comeback with as many 

de to pick ngxnett, Victor Edelstein and ft Hyper-Hyper, London's safety pins (but minus the 
rora the ^]^hn McRae, amrdinitri oBtrageoas fashion SHpennar- tooth-brace) is the 1970s pank 
jodeSte- 5 . the salon's directrice Marja ket, is graranteed to see itself idol Poly Styrene, who will 
tisb-born Waiters, imvefls a joint ready- in print The Hype* its own make a goest appearance at 
Princess to _ weaT collection under the publication, is to be launched Cranchers show. She has 
designer uartnell label next Monday. hoars after The Hype show on been to India, joined the 

TlJrsdav with great He is dreaming of the days Murray Arbeid, is taking over 
when Dior ruled the hendwes, the grandly named Cadoran 
Balewdaga made waves, and Hall at the Chelsea Barracks, 


London SW1X7XL01-730 1234 

Is . . 



p I 





almost anything 

TV game shows are 
moving into the 
front line of the 
ratings war, reports 
Michael Watts 

An independent television producer 
is in his London office near Bond 
Street explaining an idea for a game 
show called Celebrity Garbage. 
--'■You lip out the dustbin, and 
.people have to guess whose dustbin 
it is. If bottles fell out you know it’s 
- Dean Martin." Jeremy Fox. game 
show impressario, laughs and says: 
-.“Tip mine out and they'd find TV 

■- To Fox. breezy and sardonic. 
Jlgame shows represent “loot" and 
“good fun". They are the mainstay 
. -of his company. Action Time, 
which he started in 1980 with a 
liorrowed £ 10.000. and which today 
.. is thought to be worth more than £3 
million. Action Time has a financial 
.. interest in Game For. 4 Laugh. Ultra 
Quiz, Catckpkrase. Odd One Out 
.'.-and Mouthtrep. his latest show. Fox 
.buys, devises, develops and licenses 
" programme formats to British tele- 
vision. He invented The Krypton 
Factor while working for Granada 
; TV. then left in 1979 to play a wider 
role in the new, improved age of 
.^television games. 

Come on down: Leslie Crowther’s show, at first thought too brash, soon topped the ratings 

‘If a game takes 
five minutes to explain 
it will be boring’ 

Jeremy Fox 

... Game shows, which embrace the 
“family entertainment’’ of The Get 7 - 
.. oration Game and quizzes like 
Fami/y Fortunes , are as old as 
.television itself, and growing with 
; the same rapacity. They are without 
doubt more numerous and popular 
than in the heyday, during the 1 950s 
<- and early 1960s. of Take Tour Pick. 

are glossy and expensive. Their 
makers recognize that they are siUl 
more economic in attracting view- 
ers than most other forms of 

Take Central Television, which 
likes “reward" games with prizes. It 
prohably makes The Price is Right 
for a total of £70,000 a show, at the 
rale of one a day over five weeks: 

' but the show is regularly watched by 
12 million viewers, and has 70.000 
possible contestants awaiting its 
next series. Central's Blockbusters. 
for young contestants, is shown in 
some regions every evening but one. 
an innovation that (ike the BBC's 
Mastcrtcam and Channel 4*s Count- 
down, it has borrowed from the 
American practice of “stripping" 
programmes across the week's view- 
ing. The day excepted is Sunday, 
when Central networks BuJIscye. 
recently the country's highest-rated 
quiz with 13'/» million viewers. 

Bu/istyes gimmick is throwing 
darts. Caichpfirases. more modem, 
projects computer graphics on to a 
large screen. Game Far .4 Laugh 
thrives on embarrassing contestants 
with silly stunts. . Mastermind turns 
viewers into voyeurs at an inquisi- 

tion. Fami/y Fortunes was based on 
opinion polls. Blind Date, with Cilia 
Black match-making young couples, 
is a “people" game show, quite 
different from The Price Is Right, a 
“greed” show. 

Simple catchphrases can contrib- 
ute to success. The Golden Shot , a 
popular 1970s show produced by 
Midlands’ A TV. had contestants 
firing a crossbow, but what one 
remembers is the host’s ritual 
request of his assistant, “Bemie. the 
bolt, please!" Now The Price Is 
Right boasts that half the car dealers 
in the Midlands have appropriated 
for their saies-pitch “Come on 
down!", the command with which 
Leslie Crowiher summons lucky 
members of the audience to play. 

One definition of a game show is 
that audiences participate both on- 
screen and at home. Fox makes a 
further distinction: “Game shows 
you stand up, quiz shows you sit 
down." He and colleagues like 
Jeremy Beadle, host of Game Ford 
Laugh, test new quiz formats, up to 
200 a year, in his office equipped 
with scoreboard, buzzers and bells. 
His rule is that if a game takes five 
minutes to explain, it will be boring. 

Game-show hosts should ideally 
enjoy and understand the game ana 
its logic. They must think on their 
feet and empathize with ordinary 
people, especially losers. “I try ana 
give contestants simple lessons in 
body language". Beadle explains. “I 
remind them, ‘teeth and eyes!’, 
which means, ‘smile and sparldef In 
television circles. Bob Monkhouse, 
former host of Family Fortunes, is 
widely considered to “have the 

licence-payers’ money, occasionally 
stumps up for a colour TV. The 
IBA’s stria guidelines allow prizes 
worth up to an average £4.000 a 
show, with a normal top prize of 

£1.750. : , :; 

William G Stewart, genial pro- 
ducer of The Price Is Right, whose 
prize-money sometimes totals 
£6,000, claims that taking part in 
the show, and having a, memento of 
the occasion, is more important to 
audience and contestants than 'win- 
ning money.His show, which turns 
its cameras on audiences and milks 
their excitement, was for years 
thought too uninhibited a format 
for British television. But within 
three weeks it had topped the 
ratings. Stewart a former Butlm's 
redcoat (“I genuinely like ordinary 
people”), talks to the audience for 
40 minutes before each show and 
notes likely contestants. Then they 
are galvanized by a tape of Landed 
Hope and Glory. “The British 
wor king -cla ss is a patriotic bunch of 
people”, he ruminates. 

Yet most British game shows are 
actually imported, generally from 
America, and often given different 
names. The Price Is Right, which 
began on NBC in 1957. is a . 
Goodson-Todman concept; like 
ff ’hats My Line. 7 , a veteran 36 lately- 
revived by Thames, and Blanket? 
Blank, aged 24, which in America 
was called Match Game and played 
for $10,000. The Generation Game 
was originally Dutch, Spanish. 

logic", while Bruce Forsyth, now on 
Pun- Your Cards Right, exudes 

Play Your Cards Right, exudes 
more personal warmth. 

The elements that make games 
successful can provoke a burst of 
philosophy from Anthony Gruner, 
British agent for the American 
game-show giants, Goodson- 
Todman. “A good game show is like 
a three-act play", he says. “A quiz 
might be considered a one-act play 
constantly repeated. The studio 
audience is the Greek chorus; and, 
obviously, the game must have its 
end, that dramatic moment.” 

The prizes are paltry compared 
with the fortunes dispensed by 
American shows, and, incidentally, 
British newspaper competitions. 
The BBC ever-conscious of the 

Taking part In the 
show is more important 
than winning it 9 

VWffiam G Stewart 


.Double Your Money. Opportunity 
- Knocks and H ’bar's Mr Line, a so- 
r called “golden age" when television 
.promised less. 

Now competition is much fiercer. 
Though less publicized than soap 
operas, game shows are an equally 
valuable tool in the hands of 
manoeuvering for good ratings. 
Their producers are “front-line 
. combat troops", says .Alan Boyd. 
; London Weekend Television’s con- 
troller of entertainment. His suc- 
■ cesses. at the crucial peak-time of 
early Saturday evening, have in- 
cluded Game For .4 Laugh and 
-> Blind Date . : “You have to deliver 16 
programmes in a row. and win with 
them”, he notes grimly. “You have 
..about three to succeed." 

Television companies arc conse- 
quently spending more money 10 
.ensure popularity. Top game shows 

The game show is one of 
the most durable commod- 
ities on United States 
television. Today theTe are 
more than 21 such shows 
flourishing on the air- 
waves, although more than 
90 per cent of them are 
aired either in the early 
morning or early evening. 
In a handful of US cities 
the shows are aired in 
what is calied prune time 
— usually after 7J0 in the 
evening, when most TV 
viewers are parked in front 
of their sets. 

The era of the big- 
money game shows began 
in the US in 1955 with The 
Sixty Four Thousand Dol- 
lar Question, which en- 
abled contestants to win 
big money by answering 
complex questions. It be- 

came an overnight sensa- 
tion, spawning many 
imitators, bid three years 
later the game show bob- 
ble burst Several contes- 
tants charged that popular 
quiz shows watched by 
millions were rigged. The 
ensuing scandal shook the 
TY industry and forced 
the networks to kill off the 

•They were resurrected 
in 1961 and since then, 
like chat shows, afternoon 
soap operas and night- 
time news programmes, 
have become a regular 
part of the American tele- 
vision fabric. “It’s a multi- 
million dollar industry 
today”, says Arnold Gor- 
don, a marketing special- 
ist who runs workshops in 
Los Angeles colleges for 

aspiring game show con- 
testants. “it’s a booming 
market A new show start- 
ed recently called Chance 
of a. Lifetime where con- 
testants can win $1 Bul- 
lion. It’s big money and 
those are the shows that 

Game shows hare al- 
ways been considered 
quick and cheap forms of 
entertainment, says Mi- 
chael Brockman, vice- 
president of daytime 
programming for the CBS 
network. “It costs around 
$100,000 to put on a show 
and efficient producers 
can shoot five programmes 
— or a week’s worth of 
shows — in one day. 
Afternoon soaps cost twice 
or three times as modi and 
you can only tape one half- 

hour segment a day. So it 
bo Os down to economics.” 

Yet despite the growing 
popularity of this land of 
fare, Bruce Noah, a Holly- 
wood game show producer, 
complains that television 
moguls still sneer when he 
suggests uring the quiz 
shows during peak view- 
ing hours. “Here network 
people call them ’greed’ 
shows and claim they 
pander to the lowest com- 
mon denominator. They 
say the shows wiD turn off 
night-time viewers. I don’t 
know what those execu- 
tives are working on. If it’s 
a series like Hill Street 
Blues, I take off my hat to 
them. But most of the staff 
I see is incredible junk.” 

and Ultra Quiz Japanese. Treasure 
Hunt was discovered in France by 
the small, independent Chats worth 
Television, whose other show, 
Bu/lseye, is one of the few big names 
devised in Britain. 

British television cannot support 
a game-show industry comparable 
with America's, but neither are 
there million-dollar prizes, girls in 
wet T-shirts, or cruel trials of 
physical endurance of the kind 
favoured in Japan. Alan Boyd does 
not expect these developments here, 
yet he cannot be certain of tbe effort 
upon standards of direct broadcast 
by Satellite- 

Guarding against that day, new. 

original shows are being planned. 
London Weekend is working on an 

Ivor Davis 

London Weekend is working on an 
“inter-active" game with which 
viewers can play along at borne; 
Chatsworth and the BBC are devel- 
oping a concept based on video 
arcade games; and David Frost has 
just bought the TV rights' to the 
Canadian board-game. Trivial Pur- 
suits, for televising early next year. 

Jeremy Fox has one, too: an 
“anti-game show” called You Just 
Can’t Hin. “Whatever happens, 
you cannot win", he says happily. 
Jeremy, come on down! 

A hard act to follow 

FiVCI li’i fiVi 


j 1 a Rtwnu ; 

Would you treai a child sufieong frorcr 

Would you retain Society * 5 hard won 
control ever polio, diphtheria, TB and 

Would you agree we must have 
medicines ana vaccines which have 
been tested for safety? 

Would you a#ee that we need to 
alleviate and control, for example, 
cancer, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and 
heart disease? 

The Irish actor Alan Devlin is 
bis country's leading exponent 
of the walk-off part. His career 
reached its zenith last year 
when he strode from the 
boards of Dublin’s Gaiety 
Theatre in the middle of HMS 
Pinafore, flounced in 
admiral's regalia up the audi- 
torium and installed himself 
in the pub across the road. A 
few minutes later he was 
trying to borrow £15 from the 
orchestra leader to finance the 
next few rounds. 

Despite long hours of self- 
examination Devlin — who 
Iasi night was intending to 
appear in a new play at the 
Soho Poly in London* - is 
still not quite clear why he 
does this sort of thing. In 1983 
he went Aw 0 / from O’Neill's .4 
Moon for the Misbegotten at 
the Riverside, and by the time 
his director tracked him down 
he was back across the water 
in the republic. (In spite of this ■ 
he managed to pick up a 
Society ofWest End Theatres' 
award for his performance.) 
The previous year he had 

With bis habit of . 
quitting the stage 
at short notice, 
Alan Devlin brings 
high drama to his 
humblest roles 

Devlin: he has Us exits 

sprung himself from a produc- 
tion of the aptJy named Duck- 
ing Out at the Duke of York's, 
muttering some audible ob- 
scenities from the stage, and 
gravitating to the nearest wa- 
tering hole. His immediate 
reward was an earful from the 
star of the show, Warren 

After each of these episodes 
Devlin descended into an 
abyss of sdf-reproeeft and the 
blackest of contrition. On the 
face of it. the man is a victim 
of his own cycle of self- 
indulgence. But if you talk to 
any actor you discover that 
beneath the impulses of pro- 
fessional loyalty lurks the 
desire to inflict that grand 
gesture against the imprison- 
ment of a small pan in a long 
run. The difference is that 
while others dream of it, 
Devlin does it, to the point 
that his appeal to audiences is 
now partly that of a suicide on 
a parapet. Once more, he 
reckons — just once — and he 

Would you iflie to see a oire for AIDS 
and Legionnaire's diseas e? 

an essential contribution to the 
control and eradication of serious 
diseases. Much more requires to be 

SafegtsastS your future 


will probably never work 

As if courting that disaster, 
his latest role is that of a 
drunken Irish building worker 
going on his ritual pay-day 
binge. “I think it’s veny brave 
of him to do it”, says the 
author, Shane Connaugbton. 
Most, including Devlin him- 
self, would say that the -brav- 
ery resides elsewhere. 

“I was once told, years ago 
when I was in rep in Kiliarney, 
that you can make one mis- 
take in your career. WelL i 
never really believed it... 
Why do I do it, you ask. On a 
serious note I did it 
because . . . well, the world 
and his wife know why I did it. 
i did it because I was drunk. 
There’s no use in saying 
anything else. That’s the feet 
of the matter. There’s no point 
whatsoever in the press office 
saying I had an earache ... It 
was a mistake for me to do the 
Ducking Out part after it 
transferred from Greenwich. I 

Alan Franks 

* I Do Like to Be is playing at 
the Soho \ Poly Theatre. 16 
Riding House Street, London 
If 7. 

Welsh nationalists 
are once more 
attacking holiday 
homes — a campaign 
police fear could 

soon prove fatal 

T he bombers are back in 
Wales, mid senior police 
officers fear that it is 
. only * matter, of time before 
- someone Is killed. After a tuE, 
allegedly for politicians to 
react to their demands, arson- 
. ists are attacking isolat- 
ed EngBsb-owned holiday 

In the industrial south, peo- 
ple who are apparently even 
more ruthless and with differ- 
eat motives have resurrected 
their campaign against the 
“foreign invaders”. 

Since tbe ca mpai gn started 
la 1979, almost 100 homes 
have beta attacked. In the past 
three months, eight hemes m 
the north-west aid west have ' 
been destroyed, and in Cardiff 
a bomb has been ■ planted 
OBtside the National Coal 

“Come borne to a real fire** 
is a .caption which has amused 
more than one cartoonist, hat 
for a family standing in the. 
embers of their modest cesn- 
try retreat, tfojokehOs fiat. 

Perhaps for the first time 
they realize that, some regard 
then not merely as outsiders 
bat plunderers of a language ' 
and culture of which they have 
. no comprehension. 

Three organizations, 
Mndiod Amddiffyn Cymru, or 
MAC (tiie Movement to De- 
fend Wales), Codwyr Cymru 
(the Keepers of WalesX and 
Meibion Gfyndwr{the Sons of 
Glendower) have boasted 
about fires in tbe rural areas. 

They are motivated primari- 
ly by cultural fewarirki, fu- 
elled by such -historical 
injustices as the Welsh Not — . 
tbe board of shame, which 
children jmglit speaking the 
TangwagP were made to wear. 
Tbe bombers m the south are 
different and their game. 
Workers Army of the Webb 
Republic, hints at their Marx- 
ist philosophy. • 

MAC has been around the 
- longest Two oflits members 
died when- they tried to attack 
the train carrying the Prince of 
Wales to his investiture at 
Caernarvon Castiein 1969- 
PoGce are worried about tbe 
new sophistication of the at- 
tacks. In the three latest 
incidents, devices were set to 
go off after the emergency 
services arrived. One of -the 
devices exploded, sending a . 
fireball across a room. The’ 
bomb disposal officer examin- 
ing .it was saved- by • his . 
protective dothing. 

There have been persistent 
rumours of links between the 
Welsh terrorists and organiza- 
tions such as the ETA, the 
Basque separatists, and the 
Provisional IRA. It . is under- 
stood, however, that the IRA 
declined to offer any assis- 

tance a Sr they feared "security 
leaks”. Spedal Breach effi- 
cers keep a constant watch. 00 
the ferry ports of Rofcbad 
and Fishguard and Ease 
cfosely with Irish oaBeagnes- 

2a the latest aimmnovs 
communique from Meihion 

Gfyadmr, the arsoffl^ threat- 
ened to extend their scope to 
“aH possessions of Erigfisfr 
iiauiigian ts 4 *. This poses new 
problems for tee are thoo- 
sasdsofEngfisb owned yachts 
and caravans in Wales. .. 

The Welsh campaign sterns 
essentially ftomtiitwa yin 
which Welsh society has 
changed over toe pitot two 
decades. Encased wealth, 
better roods and rural depopu- 
lation have dramatically al- 
tered carnalities. 

Villages- sweb as Aberdaron 
on tbe Lteyn po&snla, once 
almost whoBy Welsh-speak- 
ing. have become Anglicized. 
Most of Che teases are holiday 
homes and m whiter the 
villages me ahnost-desmted. 

More and mere, the indige- 
neas Webb have been pushed 
back into the MeerbnLEn- 
gfish people from areas like 
- Btraanghani tare displayed 
more .business teamen than 
the native Welsh. They have 
tough* cafes, shops amt bed- 
and-breakfast hotels, becom- 
ing entrenched along the north 
and west Wales opatf,: 

The activities of tbeextrem- 
ists have, closed acute esnbar? 
ra ssme nt to Gwynedd comity 
Gosha!, whose area contains 
ah . estimated 12,006 holiday 
homes.- The ctetacS tea been 
campaigning for power to con- 
trol the lumber of second 
homes became it betieve*that 
they destroy tradititwaf own- 
nnmities and posh op house 


So far, its efforts to achieve 
legislation to enable it to 
anpose conditions apon the 
sale of teases hare elicited a 
negative- response, from the 
Welsh Office. . 

M any English victims 
of arson hare pointed 
out that the bouses 
they bought were rottingaway, 
unwanted by local people. 

- The bonding and arson 
pgmp fli g p has been con- 
demned by Mr Dafydd Thom- 
as, president of Plaid Cymru, 
which has appealed to the 
e x t re mists to stop. . 

His charge that the Govern- 
ment is partly to bhtme for tbe 
attacks because «f its refusal 
to recognize the second home 
problem has been rejected by 
Mr Nicholas Edwards, Secre- 
tary of State for Wales. 

Even ; the militant Welsh 
Langgage Society, which is 
not adverse to direct action in 
pursuit of Its aims has dissoci- 
ated itself from the extremists, 
saying their methods endanger 
lives. Detective Superinten- 
dent Gareth Jones of the 
North Wales . police said: 
“These people , can only be 
described as ruthless and dan- 
gerous individuals with no 
consideration for the possible 
consequences . of their 

Tun Jones 


was only on for 10 or 15 
minutes right at the end. That 
sounds grandiose, I know, as 
though I wouldn't do small 
parts. It’s not that But when 
we finished at Greenwich I 
should have gone.” 

Today Devlin has a costly 
looking midriff and a lived-in 
face that makes it difficult to 
accept that he has still not 
turned 40. He remains baffled 
and intrigued by his own 

“When I see this kind of 
thing in other people, or in 
movies, or some fictional 
situation, I suppose I think it’s 
grand and it's tun, like some- 
one running out of a rugby 
match. But people do have 
money invested in these 
things, and they pul in a hell of 
a lot of work. 

“Just after the Pinafore 
business I was in a bar, and 
people were reading a bout it in 
the Sunday papers. Retired 
folks, officers, people like that. 
And I’d been thinking to 
myself *Oh my God, Alan, 
what have you done? What 
have you done? And there was 
the horror and the blackness 
of it all. and I heard these 
characters down at the end say 
■Surely to God hell 'never 
work again. Jesus, will you 
look at the state of him. It says 
here he's a man of 38. but he 
looks more like 50 or even 60', 
and then I left tbe pub and I 
said to myself. ‘Somethiag’d 
better be done’. 

A pause, more Beckett than 
Pinter, and them “ No, I won't 
do it again. And I know that I 
won't do it again because 1 
have decided not to. With the 
same conviction and deep 
belief that I suspect I can’t fly. 
If I behave for the rest of my 
career. . . well, I might get my 
credibility back in a couple of 
years. Oh yes, and Tve -also 
made the resolve not to drink 
before I go on stage.” ' 


1 Work a voider (6) 
5 Spiked dab (4) 

8 Raised strip (5) 

9 Foolish (7) 

II Coarse woman (8) 
13 Locality (4) 

15 Homespun thought 
(7.6) . 

17 Simple (4) 

18 Western Isles (8) 

21 Wheel heavily (7)' 

22 George Formby in- 
strument (5) 

23 Remain (4) 

24 Sore (6) 

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4 Added support (13)' . . 

5 Motitete<4) . 

6 Food provider 17) 

7 Skilled (10) -J2R«ue(4) 

10 1 920's kicking dance 14. Young salmon (4) 
(10) -16 Violent attack (7) 

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19 Stow learner (Sy 
28 Tense (4) 

22 Conani roll (3) 


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Gbee 13 Renaissance 17P51I 18 Arterial 2fRavioE 22 Elbow 23 
Lanolin 24 Sheer 

DOWN: 2Drape 3 Palatial 4 Self-assertion SOray 6 

Graphic 7 Reefer 12 Nameless 24 Enliven 15 Spiral 16 FloWr 19 
Imbue 20 Foil 



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Faith in 



A hot-air balloon is g danser- 
0 ®' symbol to inflate at a 
poiitfcal rally, bat of course 
the French have a different 

: sense of humour and to them it 

was no doubt as inspiring as 
staging the “Maisefllmse” 
and shouting Vive h France! 
with M. Mitterand or M. 
ChMc, depending on political 
.affiliation. Panorama (BBC!) 
«wtwd many glimpses of 
French vote-catching tech- 

. In 

Pirating the issues of 

^employment {2A million), 
industrial regeneration, the 

■ socialists' record and the 
emergence of a racist fer right, 
the programme also offered a 
picture of a conn try enjoying 
an enviable level or overall 
p rosp erity and adopting 
positive view, of a promising 
future. It was hard not to mai^ 
a mental comparison between 

. a French miner's family, one 
year after redundancy, and the 
British families dimed during 
the miners' strike. The French 
seemed in every way better off 

■ prospering in a new business 
started, with a government 
grant and determined to share 
their fortune with the less 

: A quirk of schedulin g has 
brought two programmes on 

■ life after, divorce to Monday 
..evening. On BBCl there is the 

British view of the situation. 
Dear John, which stars Ralph 
Bates as a newly-single teach- 
er attending a therapy group 
for the “divorced and 

The general level of enlight- 
enment of this work is so low 
as to extinguish hope for the 
future of the human race. Our 
hero meets no women socially, 
despite his profession, and 
spends toady evenings in a 
bed-sit fantasizing about an 
old girlfriend who nicknamed 
him Action Man, for reasons 
which seem nnlikely. 

Over on Channel 4, the 
American variation on the 
theme is Kate and Atiie ; a 
series about two divorced 
women and their children 
sharing a home In some night- 
mare of a ticky-tacky New 
York suburb. Oddly for an 
American series, 4hts appears 
even when classic cues iter 
the script 

Perhaps there to no longer 
anything amusing about di- 
vorce — or perhaps there is 
now a generation of screen- 
writers who are- safGdendy 
well acquainted with the sub- 
jeetto have sustained irrevers- 
ible sense-of-h amour failure. 
It would be good to see divorce 
joining flat-sharing on an offi- 
cial black list of sitnatfon- 
contedy concepts. 

Unique forms 
of continuity 
in space (right) 

from Art and 
Time at the 
sculpture of a 

walking man 

deriving from 
the revelations 
of stop-motion 
and potent 
nostalgia in 
the intense 
vision of Roger 
Mayne in 
Street , North 

(1956) at the 
Victoria and 


ways to control 

Ait and lime 


New Vision 56-66 

Warwick Arts Trust 

Roger Mayn 
Victoria and A 

e . 


Celia Brayfield 

One of the great advantages of the 
non-dramatic visual arts, for the 
spectator at least, is that they do not 
tie one down to anyone else’s time- 
sense: you can spend five seconds, 
or five minutes, or five, hours in 
front of a painting, entirely accord- 
ing to your own taste and interest 
This is not, of course; necessarily 
siren as an advantage by the artists. 

Many long to control the time 
dimension as well as the other three, 
if only so that they can test the 
widespread - but almost certainly 
mistaken belief that if someone 
foils to appreciate a painting or 
sculpture in five minutes. Ire would 
surely see new profundities in it at 
the end. of five boms. But apart 
from that clearly the artistic render- 
re® dPtinte; movement in time; the 
passage and efiect of time, is for 
some artists an abiding challenge — 
one which, in the 20lh century 
particularly, has provoked all kinds 
of weird and wonderful responses. 

These attempts to render four 
dimensions in three or two are the 
central theme of a fascinating show 
at the Barbican Art Gallery until 
April 27^ Art and Time. Its chronicle 
of 20th-cemury artists' struggles to 
escape what the catalogue rather 
tendentiously calls “the ghetto of’ 
timelessness” begins, in effect, with 
the beginnings of cinema in the 
photography of Muybridge and 
Marey. Their work towards analyz- 
ing motion more accurately than 

ever before was iargefy scientific in 
intent and in any case relied on the 
timelessness of the individual image 
10 freeze the stages in a continuous 
process rather than deliberately 
trying to re-create for aesthetic 
effect something which existed and 
could be observed quite satisfactori- 
ly in its own sphere. Nevertheless, 
stop-motion photography did un- 
doubtedly reveal a whole world of 
hidden images — hidden because 
they were too transitory for the 
naked eye to catch — and these, duly 
fed into the universal image-bank, 
inspired artists to some rather 
remarkable new effects. 

The first visual coup of this 
exhibition is to show three Degas 
bronzes of a dancer together in such 
a way that they seem to depict 
different stages of a continuous 
•movement. We do not know wheth- 
er Dejps ever imagined them shown 
in this combination, but the point is 
well taken: one by one they may be 
frozen music, but together they at 
once introduce the dimension of 

More consciously, the I talian 
Futurists saw speed and motion as 
the specifically mddem elements of 
life, and therefore of art. and pieces 
like Balia's famous paintings of a . 
dog walking and a violinist playing 

g either, unfortunately* available 
r showing here) and Boccioni’s 
- sculpture of a walking man. Unique 
forms of continuity in space (1913). 
which is on show and is also the 
subject of a new booklet in the Tate 
Modem Masterpieces series (£2.95), 
clearly derive from the revelations 
of stop-motion photography. The 
Surrealists also found endless fasci- 
nation in the subject of time — 
often, it seems, from the very 
incongruity of trying to reflect it in a 
form which was by definition 
timeless. It is one of the show's 
bonuses that we are able to see 
major, unfamiliar paintings by Dali, 
Magritte (including a rare early 

abstract) and other key figures of the 

It is at about this point in the 
show that doubts begin to set in. 
however. The excitement and inte- 
rior dynamism of an frequently 
come from the artist's struggles to 
do the impossible, the collision of 
the irresistible force with the im- 
movable object It seems to me that 
there is a very perceptible decline in 
interest when we move on from 
attempts to render time in timeless- 
□ess — the Grecian Urn effect as it 
were — and come instead upon the 
newer forms like mobiles and 
kinetic art and then on to video and 
performance art which build in the 
dimension of time quite literally. 

However, when the artists are not 
trying to chain us in the ghetto of 
their own time-sense, sitting in front 
of a machine or a television screen 
while it completes its ordained 
cycle, there is much in this show to 
please and absorb. It is necessary to 
see even the most tiresome video 
upstairs — if not all through — in 
order to find out just what the fault 
of artistic logic (or artistic econom- 
ics) is. The theme, in other words, is 
more important than the individual 
exhibits, and this remains, encour- 
agingly, one of the very few current 
shows which not only inform but 
make us re-examine many of our 
normal assumptions and enjoy the 

Time and re-examination also 
feature, though rather differently, in 
an odd little show. New Vision 56- 
66. at the Warwick Arts Trust in 
Pimlico until March 23. The “new 
vision" in question was that pro- 
pounded by the New Vision Centre 
Gallery, one of the livelier indepen- 
dent selling galleries in London 
from 1956 to 1966. and one of the 
very few, perhaps the only, devoted 
exclusively to abstract art at the 
time. The paintings on show nearly 
all come from the collection of the 

gallery's co-founder and director 
(and himself a painter), Denis 
Bowen, and were ail originally 
shown at the gallery, or at least are 
contemporary work by gallery art- 
ists. There are a few now, or still, 
famous names: one may note 
Gillian Ayres. Michael Rothenstein. 
Karl Weschke, Paul Feiler and, 
rather improbably. Peter Blake. 

S ing through a brief and quickly 
[-gotten abstract phase (the paint- 
ing, incidentally, is a beauty). There 
are also some notable foreigners, 
including Heinz Mack, with a very 
early minimalist painting, and Rob- 
ert Goodnough, a minor but well- 
reputed New York Abstract 

The big question, inevitably, is 
how does it all look now? In the 
whirligig of fashion the 20/30-year 
gap is probably the most difficult to 
negotiate comfortably, and as it 
happens I saw the show with a 
painter friend now in his early 
thirties, who found it all terribly 
dated and depressing. 1. on the other 
hand, enjoyed it not only as a 
nostalgia trip to the kind of thing 
which was “modem art" when I was 
a student in London, but also on its 
own merits: this kind of tree-form, 
lyrical or tachisle abstraction is just 
beginning to look good again. Not 
all of it naturally — some are more 
talented than others — but well 

worth another look and another 

There is more potent nostalgia, 
and something else in addition, in 
the retrospective show of photo- 
graphs by Roger Mayne at the 
Victoria and Albert until May 31. It 
covers his whole career from the 
first steps, under the influence of 
Cartier-Bresson and the abstrac- 
tions of the St Ives school of 
painters, right through to his in- 
tensely poetic work for the Shell 
Guide to Devon, a collaboration 
with his wife Ann Jellicoe. and 
beyond (though not including, un- 
fortunately. any of the exquisite 
colour work in his ICA show of 

But the main weight is laid on his 
photo-journalism of the Fifties and 
Sixties, especially the street scenes 
he shot in Southam Street, North 
Kensington, over the years 1956-61. 
These Iasi do constitute an unique 
document, and recall another aspect 
of the period in which the New 
Vision Centre flourished, this time 
with an intensity too great to call 
nostalgic. But surely announcing, as 
the catalogue categorically docs, 
that this is Mayne's “grail period" 
does severely underestimate the 
variety and staying-power of one of 
the best photographers working in 
Britain today. 

John Russell Taylor 

The American pianist Earl Wild 
(right) returns to London next 
week to mark the centenazy of 
Liszt’s death with three recitals :-?y 
of the music he lo ves with such r|. .v 
vigour and passion; interview by 
' - Brian Masters -. 


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fervour still 

It is slightly worrying that the 
■veteran American pianist Eari 
Wild is not better known in 
this country, for it suggests we 
are slow to recognize foe 
importance of foe Romantic 
revival which he. more than 
anyone, has promoted with 
such vigour and passion. Thir- 
ty and forty years ago. when 
most of the work of Liszt was 
considered cheap and exhiw- 

tionisi, Wild was playing some 
of foe more flamboyantly 

dramatic pieces with a respect 

' f — -■ — 1 *»«'io which 

for foe heroic style 
seemed dangerously oto-Iash- 
ioned in a solemn, clinua! age. 

Now. at 70. bis missionary 
fervour has not abated He 
still rets angry when the music 
of Liszt is denigrated by 
people who simply do not 
understand it, and he is mark- 
ing the centenary of foe 
composer's death next week 
with three recitals at foe 
Wigmore Hal! designed to 
demonstrate the extraordi- 
nary inventiveness, lyricism 
dad imaginative scope 01 
Liszt's vision. They include 
pieces rarely heard, some 0 * 
diabolical complexity, and 
one which has never been 
.performed in London at au> 

“Young pianists nowadays 
arc happv with the Bach and 
the Beethoven they fctve 
JcunT. says Wild, “but when 
it comes to foe imaginative 
music of Liszt they have no 
frame of reference. They are 
lost. There is a disturbing tack 
■of poetry in the young genera- 
tion which makes them mca- 
of appreciating^ what 

has always marked the pro- 
nouncements of WfldL who 
enjoys deflating pomposity; 
10 appreciate minimalism in 
music, be says, you must have 
a minimal mind. 

Wild can trace his musical 
ancestry through his teacher 
Janssen to the pianist and 
composer cf Albert, a contem- 
porary of Liszt, and through 
another teacher. Ego® Petri, to 
Busoni, but he would not 
claim this kind of inheritance 
necessarily carries with it ech- 
oes of Liszt’s own playing. It 
. does mean, however, that he 
shares with them - a 19th- 
century attitude towards the 
piano which is unashamedly 
passionate. An audience at a 
concert by Wild is soon made 
aware that he wants the. piano . 
to move, astonish and delight, 
not merely earn intellectual 
approval. _■ With one_ of the 
most virtuosic techniques in 
the world, he. cannot help but 
astonish, but it is Wild’s 
unexpected control of each 
lyrical nuance that makes an . 
audience almost afraid to 
breathe for fear of missing 

He does not throw himself 
about or make grimaces in foe 
music-ball' tradition of so- 
called “Romantic" playing, 
but directs all his energy into 
his fingers. He is not in favour 
of pianists being gawped at, 
and thinks a recital for. the 
blind should be able to pro- 
duce as much enjoyment as a . 
more conventional concert. 

(father in. the Pittsburgh Steel 
Corporation, mother design- 
ing hats), he began playing at 
foe age of four, and gave his 
first public performance near- 
ly sixty years ago. 

His career since then 
been highly eclectic and has 
included playing gypsy music, 
Gershwin with Toscanini, the 
very first television recital, 
virtually all of Gilbert and 
Sullivan, Kennedy’s inaugural 
celebrations and playing the 
National Anthem before Mrs 
Roosevelt’s speeches. He sees 
nothing to foment in all this. 
The youngsters who go 
straight from competition to 
recording lack that breadth of 
experience which demands 
finding the best in all music. 
“It is easy to learnby memory, 
but difficult to play a piece as 
if you knew it and can place 
foe composer’s energy in it” 

The pianists Wild has most 
admired in his own time are 
Rachmaninov and Moritz Ro- 
senthal, with a special place 
for- Horowitz,' “because he 
made the most out of every- 
thing and wasn't afraid to be 
outrageous — very Lisztian”. 
His own fearlessness has 
brought him extravagant ac- 
claim and carping scoffs. At 
Ids previous concert here in 
1981 a London critic went so 
far as to say he gave “one of 
the most stunning piano 
recitals in foe entire history of 
the Wigmore Hall”. 

With iiszt the Poet, Liszt 

The lyrical power of foe m usic foe Transcriber and Liszt the 


only just cmergmgjiow 

terribly arid 'and 

period. Gw.** iconodasm 

is its o^n flamboyance; m 
speaks for itself. _ ~ . 

Wild , learnt his craft before 
foe days of competitions. The 
son of a non-musical family 

Virtuoso, on March 19 , 22 and 
26, we shall have a chance to 
see if he was right and whether 
Wild is truly one of the last 
epic poets of the keyboard. 


Desperate need for a bit of vulgarity 

Festival Hall/ 
Radio 3 

Carlo Maria Giulinf s adagios, 
and by his restraint 

It looked like intelligent pro- 
gramming on Sunday night for 
the PhUharmonia to pair 
Franck's Symphony with 
Faure’s Requiem. The two 
works emeiged at almost foe 
same time in foe same place, 
and they ought to have made a 
neat contrast of foe raging 
with foe restful But any such 
contrast was worn away by the 
irresistible smoofoening of 

The opening of the Franck 
was so slow that the orchestra 
could have been playing 
something else at foe same 
time. Admittedly there were 
beauties one might have 
missed on a quicker ride, like 
foe first wind chord, fresh as 
spring, or foe many shapely, 
long-drawn-out diminuendos 
in the strings. Yet one loses all 
sense of necessary movement 
when the music is laid out 
with this sort of aloof care. Mr 
Giulini seemed to be treating 
Franck as if he were a cousin 
of Bruckner, which only em- 

phasizes his weak points: the 
stop-start structures and the 
square, short themes. There 
was a desperate need for some 

I suspect foe cure would 
have had to be different for foe 
Faurt, but here too foe sedate 
tempos, and still more so the 
low dynamic level, muffled all 
meaning. The music was too 
often reduced to quiet churchy 
harmony supporting a concert 
of coughs and bleeps: it was a 
bit like waiting in a crematori- 
um for the departed to arrive. 

As in the Franck, there were 
some incidental benefits. The 
Philharmonia Chorus, in par- 

ticular. need to be congratulat- 
ed for producing such extreme 
pianissimos. giving a not inap- 
propriate impression, some- 
times, of voices heard from a 
long way off. There were also 
some fine sounds from the full 
lower strings of the reduced 
orchestra, though they would 
have been still finer had there 
been Ihe impetus to carry 
them forward into phrases. 
Kathleen Battle in the “Pie 
Jesu” was not helped by the 
tempo, but Andreas Schmidt 
sang quite unwoniedly. and 
nicely without pretension. 

Paul Griffiths 


Elizabeth Hall 

Mitsuko Ucfaida began foe 
second five programmes of 
her Mozart piano concerto 
series with foe English Cham- 
ber Orchestra on Sunday night 
with one, I was delighted to 
note, that had never ever 
come my way in concert 
performance before. The C 
major Concerto, K4I5, the 
third of the three Mozart 
wrote soon after he settled in 
Vienna, is chiefly distin- 
guished neither by its first nor 
second movements, but by a 
finale which is among the 
most original inventions of 
even that fertile mind. 

foe less than inspired adagio 
movement. When she came to 
the deservedly familiar A 
major Concerto. K488, her 
way of trading the focus of 
musical interest with the or- 
chestra, of letting a keyboard 
phrase catch its breath as well 
as ours in sudden suspension, 
and of generating a forward 
momentum that also allowed 
freedom of expressive detail, 
were but three aspects of 
sustained delighL 

The performance was 
strong in the pianist's dramat- 
ic but never exaggerated 
pointing of each new and often 
surprising change of musical 
direction, although her bodily 
movements in conducting 
when she was not engaged in 
playing, with her back square- 
ly to the audience, looked 
overdone in relation to the 
orchestra's need. Their rap- 
port was so adept when there 
was no chance for her to give 
cues anyway foal she could 
economise her energies with 
less visible distraction. 

Following foe opening con- 
certo it seemed an elaborate 
exercise in furniture removal 
10 gain foe brief and modest 
charms of a Konzertstuck in D 
minor by Mendelssohn, origi- 
nally for a trio with piano and 
now arranged by Graham 
Sheen for an instrumental 
septet in support of clarinet 
and basset horn. Thea King 
and Julian Farrell took foe 
leading roles with elegant 
virtuosity in a genial ensem- 

Noel Goodwin 

Nash Ensemble 

Wigmore Hall 

It was nevertheless an alter- 
nately absorbing and exhila- 
rating performance, even 10 
the sudden gleam of claws 
while pussyfooting through 

Henry Herford’s perfor- 
mances of songs by Schuben 
and Webern were a crescendo 
of celebration at the end ’of a 
set of concerts which marked 
foe Nash Ensemble’s contri- 
bution to foe Wigmore Hall’s 
Austin-German Romantic Se- 

ries. His baritone continues to 
broaden in resonance and 
expressive scope; and “Der 
Ganymed" expanded with it. 
warmly breathed out and 
communicated with the same 
refreshingly direct and un- 
mannered generosity which 
characterized his narration of 
“Der Fischer*’. 

He made us see Webern’s 
Five Early Songs very much, 
as it were, from foe other end 
of foe same telescope as 
Strauss's Four Last as terse 
musical transcriptions of the 
expansive sensuousness of the 
Romantic poetry they set. 
With Ian Brown's closely con- 
centrated piano accompani- 
ments, -Somraerabend” was a 
most beautifully controlled 
exercise in restrained ecstasy. 
“Der Tod” a forceful epigram 
of verbal and harmonic ono- 

But if these performances 
epitomized foe best of the 
series — that fusion of relaxed 
entertainment and intellectual 
stimulus for which Nash con- 
certs are renowned - then foe 
rest of the evening exemplified 
their increasing tendency to 
polarization. A regrettable 
habit seems to have developed 
of concentrating all foe 
evening’s energy and disci- 
pline into foe rarer ensemble 
work, and merely coasting 
home with foe repertory piece. 

for all its relentlessly somno- 
lent drooping harmonies and 
sinking cadences, was given an 
alert and sharply detailed 
reading. Michael Collins lifted 
foe clarinet part from its dense 
camouflage to brighten foe 
delicately fluctuating close 
textures of the string writing. 
Schubert’s “Trout”, however, 
failed to bite. This was a drab 
and complacent performance 
of lbe Quintet, giving foe 
impression that, by token oJ 
its very familiarity, the work 
and indeed its audience de- 
served no more than a compe- 
tently musicianly read- 

Hilary Finch 


A cloth 

The Clerical 
Duke’s Playhouse, 

However distant a goal for the 
church at large, foe ecumeni- 
cal movement is already thriv- 
ing in the field of ecclesiastical 
vestments. No doubt there are 
shops in Belfast where the 
Revd Ian Paisley could find 
himself stripped to his braces 
sharing a mirror with a cardi- 
nal: or mainland establish- 
ments where rabbis queue up 
behind Bradford mullahs, j 

Such is the inspired setting 
of Elisabeth Bond's play, 
which follows an eventful 
week's trading in the non- 
sectarian premises of a Lanca- 
shire clerical outfitters. The 
set (by Alice Purcell) is; a 
functional combination of 
shop-floor and office with, a 
basement for storing commu- 
nion wine and brewing tea. 
What makes it extraordinary 
is the merchandise: three vast 
racks of glowing ecclesiastical 
finery which communicate a 
sense of backstage glamour 
and have the effect of convert- 
ing costume into dfeor. . 

This is the domain of foe 
hard-pressed Mr Ferris (Ian 
Blower) and his eager young 
assistant Geoffrey (Stefan 
Escreet). Barely are foe blinds 
raised on the monastic win- 
dows than foe first rabbi is In 
- returning 500 school blazers 
whose buttons have unfortu- 
nately been attached in stitch- 
ing that forms a cross. He is 
followed by a monsignor who 
has to refer every sartorial 
decision to a batlleaxe house- 
keeper, and a preening Angli- 
can who gives young Geoffrey 
a hard time while his employ- 
er is out delivering the re- 
stitched blazers. 

It ought to be great fun. 
Miss Bond knows all about 
such garments, and the respec- 
tive qualities of cotton and 
polyester cassocks. Her clerics 
are sharply characterized and 
full of surprises, as with foe 
appearance of a nigged boy 
with climbing boots swinging 
from his rucksack whom Fer- 
ris obsequiously addresses as 

The comedy, however, does 
not get a free run. For one 
thing. Miss Bond is slow to 
establish the main situation: 
that the bones of a seventh- 
century saint have been dis- 
covered in a Muslim com- 
munity centre, and that all the 
frantic clerical dressing-up is 
in preparation for a grand 
competitive procession to lay 
foe relics to rest 

More damagingly. she also 
wants to draw a contrast 
between faith and the orga- 
nized church; and instead of' 
expressing this through comic 
incident she abruptly switches 
the laughs off when she has 
something serious to say — as 
when the archdeacon and 
poor henpecked Monsignor 
Byrne (Jon Strickland) dress 
up for a sectarian ding-dong; 
or where Geoffrey is finally 
left searching for his own soul 
in the saint’s dust 

Given its rich potential and 
performances, such as Mr 
Blower's dyspeptic proprietor, 
which break through Jonathan 
Pethcrbridge’s under-ener- 
gized production, there should 
be a future for a ughtened-up 
version of the play. 

Irving Wardle 

• Jackie Marks is to take over 
the role of Famine from Patti 
LuPone at foe end of her 
contract in foe musical Les 
Misirables at the Palace The- 
atre on March 31. The show, 
cun-emly playing to capacity 
business, will open in America 
in the autumn, while next year 
it is already scheduled for Oslo 
and Tokyo, with several other 
countries subject to negotia- 

This concert was no excep- 
tion. Reger’s late Quintet in A, 

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Carrington’s banana skin 


All part of 
the service 

British Rail consultant William 
Camp earned his money yesterday 
when he dragged a would-be 
suicide case from the path of an 
approaching train at Euslon. 
Camp, former adviser to Harold 
Wilson, was eD route to meet me 
for lunch at the Garrick Club 
when he spotted the man sitting 
on the track. Although hearing 
-that horrible rumbling of an 
oncoming train in the tunnel", he 
threw himself on to the track and 
dragged the man to safety. Camp 
said: “We just spotted him sitting 
on the line rubbing the rails with 
his hands eccentrically. He was 
very deep in thought If he had 
been on the next line we would all 
have gone up in a puff of blue 
smoke. We were lucky..." 


The junior common room at St 
Hugh's. Oxford, has voted to 
exclude strangers from its meet- 
ings — effectively banning the fa- 
ther of maths prodigy Ruth 
Lawrence. Subjected to right-wing 
harangues from the infant 
phenomenon, undergraduates 
who originally invited Harry Law- 
rence have since tired of his 
whispered prompts and head- 
shaking. “1 didn't attempt to be 
invisible, but they didn't need to 
pass a motion. They could just 
have asked me to stay clear," he 
says. Meanwhile, only three JCR 
meetings remain before Ruth aged 
14. graduates to the company of 
the port sippers of the middle 
common room. 

Haunted houses 

The spectre of Michael Heseltine 
continues to haunt the hapless 
Leon Brit tan who. having hung 
on, now at last faces the imminent 
bcK>t from his ministerial rooms in 
the Commons. He is presently at 
loggerheads with Tarzan's old 
department over plans to upgrade 
RAF Leeming in Yorkshire. Sev- 
eral of Brittan's constituents have 
complained that the value of their 
property will crash when Leeming 
becomes a Tornado F2 base next 
year. Offers to buy the houses at 
“deflated" prices with double 
glazing to keep out the noise have 
been rejected as derisory' by some 
locals. But he should find a more 
sympathetic ear in Lord Tref- 
game. “We have made offers to 
buy 21 of the homes and will be 
providing sound insulation." said 
an MoD spokesman. 

Beastly luck 

Michael Lingens. the former 
chairman of the Bow Group who 
was branded as “crackers” by Mrs 
Thatcher after he accused the 
Tories of a cop-out. seems to be 
back in favour. Or is he? The party 
last night selected a prickly little 
constituency for him to fight: the 
1 4.000-majority Derbyshire seat of 
the Beast of Bolsover. Dennis 




‘I've just come up from the 
shop floor. They’re potting sell-by 
dates on the Land Rovers 

Tiny’s tidy sum 

Tiny Rowland is unlikely to 
regard the expected American bid 
for Lonrho as the unacceptable 
face of capitalism. According to 
the recent annual report, he owns 
47.250.000 shares in the com- 
pany, almost three million bought 
in the last financial year. With the 
market expecting an offer of more 
than £3 a share, that should bring 
him a cool £150 million. He also 
has an option od a further 640.000 
shares and an undisclosed stake in 
a company which owns just under 
30 million Lonrho shares. Not bad 
for the son of a Hamburg mer- 
chant interned as an enemy alien 
in the Second World War. 

Art royal 

Princess Michael of Kent may be 
the next royal to be involved in a 
government investigation through 
her job as an an dealer with the 
MacConnai-Masan gallery (see 
yesterday’s Drary). As a director of 
the gallery, the Princess is auto- 
matically a member of the British 
Antique Dealers Association, 
which is now providing a Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
inquiry into art dealers’ auction 
rings with detailed information 
gleaned from members. When it 
was launched, there were fears that 
dealers and auctioneers would 
collude, and it was suggested that a 
Commons select committee be set 
up to call experts individually. 
Yesterday, a government spokes- 
man said the investigation bad 
prompted further inquiries by the 
government into, among other 
things, buyers' commissions and 
auctioneers' attribution of art 



Lord Carrington is facing his 
biggest political test since he 
resigned as Foreign Secretary over 
the Falklands crisis and became 
Naio secretary-general nearly two 
years ago as. Tomorrow, if the 
opinion polls are right, a majority 
of Spanish voters will ignore the 
advice of their prime minister, 
Felipe Gonzalez, and vote to take 
Spain out of Nato only four years 
after it joined. Carrington faces 
this prospect noth a combination 
of concern for Spain's western 
identity and Alliance cohesion 
and the kind of' languorous 
aplomb which is the hallmark of 
his political style. 

Carrington's title, his debonair 
charm and his acres in the 
Chiltems made him an object of 
some suspicion to American of- 
ficials when he first moved into 
the Nato hot seat in Brussels. 
Alexander Haig, then Secretary of 
State, is supposed to have called 
him duplicitous. But he has 
confirmed what Carrington- 
watchers knew from his career as 
Defence and then Foreign Sec- 
retary: behind the ironic and 
agreeable air. and the occasional 
attack of diplomatic deafness, lies 
a gimlet sharp mind and highly 
developed political antennae. 

Nato. he emphasizes, is not just 
a military organization but also 
has a role in East-West relations. 
Now that the superpowers are 
talking again, “people are begin- 
ning to realize that Nato is also a 
political alliance. When I arrived 
here there was no contact between 
East and West, and no suggestion 
of a summit." 

So far Carrington has proved 
adept at keeping together a politi- 
cal and military alliance of 16 
disparate nations from Norway to 
Greece. He observes that the 
problem of Nato cohesion is not 
new, but when a split appeared 
likely over European attitudes to 
Star Wars, Carrington displayed 
his difference of style by having all 

Richard Owen talks to Nato 7 s chief about 
tomorrow^ Spanish refereadnm and the 
prospects for a Reagan-Gorbachov summit 

the Western defence ministers 
round for dinner and engineering 
a compromise over the claret 
Spanish withdrawal would up- 
set this smooth performance: 
Carrington himself speaks of a 
"political setback”. Two months 
ago his astute suggestion in Ma- 
drid that Spain could enjoy “a la 
carte ” Nato membership, like 
France, by belonging to Nato’s 
political arm but not its military 
structure appeared to have helped 
Gonzalez to swing the reluctant 
Spaniards behind Nato. Both 
Carrington and Gonzalez stress 
the logical connection between 
Spain’s membership of Nato and 
its entry into the EEC. All this may 
now be jeopardized by right-wing 
tactical voting against Gonzalez 
and the Socialists. Carrington 
speaks with undisguised irritation 
of a possible “unrepresentative 

On the other hand he sees the 
Spanish problem in the context of 
36 successful years of Western and 
Nato survival. The alliance can 
manage without Spain, although it 

would rather not If the Spanish 
think they can rely on the EEC for 
security they are deluding them- 
selves. “Partly because of Irish 
membership the EEC doesn’t talk 
about security at all. This is a gap 
which Nato fills for Europe." 

The Spanish vote therefore 
comes at a time when Nalo and 
Carrington are in confident mood. 
He detects a “total turnaround" in 
the Easi-West atmosphere since he 
arrived at Nato and is not 
dismayed by the recent harsh 
Reagan-Gorbachov exchanges or 
by speculation that the next 
superpower summit is in danger. 
“There is no doubt the Americans 
want a summit, and there ts no 
doubt that the general feeling, not 
just in the West but in the non- 
aligned and Third World, is that it 
is a good thing for the leaders to 
talk. In the light of this is the 
Soviet Union going to say no? 
Frankly I rather doubt it.” They 
saw what happened last lime when 
they walked out at Geneva. They 
were the losers." 

Carrington’s main regret is that 

There is no doubt the 
Americans want a 
summit, and there is no 
doubt that the general 
feeling, not just in the 
West but in the non- 
aligned and Third 
World, is that it is a 
good thing for the 
leaders to talk. In the 
light of this is the Soviet 
Union going to say no? I 
rather donbt it 9 

there has been a decline in the 
bipartisan approach to defence in 
many European nations over the 
past 10 years, with left-wing 
parties favouring unilateralism 
and non-nuclear defences. Bin be 
emphasizes that Nato countries, 
are developing conventional 
forces as weU as nuclear arsenals 
within the. limits of ava ilable 
resources. As for congressional 
resentment in Washington over 
ihe burden of defending Europe, 
Carrington points out that when 
he was Defence Secretary 16 years , 
ago similar noises were coming 
from the - isolationist Senator 
Mansfield. Senator Nunn, the 
current proponent of reduced 
American commitments, is by 
contrast pro-Nato. 

Carrington firmly believes in 
the value of arms co-operation 1 
( pace the Westland affair), both 
between Europeans and between 
Europe and the US. He describes 
the lack, of standardization, with 
Europeans developing identical 
weapons, as ludicrous. But arms 
co-operation must be transatlantic 
and not just inter-European, 
“otherwise you are going to find 
the Americans looking down their 
noses and wondering what the bell 
is going on." 

Are American-European ten- 
sions exaggerated? “1 think so. 
The alliance does not exist with- 
out the Americans. Obviously the 
Europeans have to watch very 
carefully that their relationship 
with the Americans is a good one. 
That is quite a large part of the job 
of secretary-general. That is what I 
am here for". ' 

Does he have any regrets at 
leaving British politics for Brus- 
sels? Carrington pauses, then 
chuckles. “You mean, do I miss 
the squabbles of party politics? 
WelL sometimes. But there is a lot 
to do here. Avoiding of war and 1 
creating a more stable relationship 
between the superpowers is much 
more important Peace is not the 
least of the social services." 

Dennis Kavanagh assesses the change in attitude to Conservative 

policies and suggests that a major about-turn is on the way 

Thatcherism’s last gasp? 

The many difficulties besetting 
Mrs Thatcher's government have 
begged the question of the future 
of “Thatcherism". Enemies and 
friends alike have claimed that the 
government's changes of course 
are evidence that a distinctive 
sty le is on its way out. 

Die difficulties of analysing the 
Thatcher record are partly caused 
by the inflationary rhetoric which 
surrounds her and the exaggerated 
perception of the coherence and 
consistency of speeches and poli- 
cies. The Thatcher Phenomenon 
(BBC Publications. £8.95), by 
Hugo Young and Anne Sloman, is 
a welcome publication in book 
form of Radio 4’s documentaries. 
“Phenomenon" is a fair descrip- 
tion: no other prime minister this 
century has given his name to a 
style and doctrine. 

The term Thatcherism is often 
used in three different contexts. 
Die first is her beliefs and no- 
nonsense style (“can't see an 
institution without hitting it with 
her handbag"). Her beliefs en- 
compass dismissing the “pro- 
gressive". “permissive" consensus 
and the public sector as essentially 
parasitic on the wealth creators; 
the advocacy of hard work, thrift, 
self-reliance, free markets and 
people not looking to the nanny 
stale to solve problems. Has there 
ever been a British leader who so 
regarded politics as a suitable 
arena for the expression of per- 
sonal beliefs?. 

Bui Thatcherism is also a set of 
policies designed to realize the 
vision of a strong state (law and 
order, defence and stable cur- 
rency) and a free economy (cutting 
state spending and taxes, and 
privatization). The record here is 
less convincing. Both taxes and 
spending are higher as a share of 
gdp than in 1979. when Britain 
was allegedly “over-taxed" and 
spending was out of control. The 
party which promised to roll back 
government has been ruthlessly 
centralist vis-a-vis local govern- 
ment. higher and state education, 
and the health service. The goals 
of containing public spending and 
improving efficiency have tri- 
umphed over local choice and 

Worldwide fall 
in support 
, for the left 

Thirdly, Thatcherism was also 
born of a reaction to high infla- 
tion, trade union power and 
general unease about ungovern- 
ability in the mid-1970s. But this 
mood was not confined to Britain. 
In many countries the economic 
recession and slow growth under- 
mined support for the welfare 
consensus: there was a backlash 
among skilled workers against 
high taxes to pay for the social 
wage and redistributive pro- 
grammes. The mood created diffi- 
culties for the political left, as 
voters turned away from parties 
associated with high spending and 

In Britain. Scandinavia, West 
Germany and the USA there has 
been a steady reduction in work- 
ing-class support for parties of the 
left. It was Reagan (but could have 
been Carter. Callaghan or 
Thatcher) who said: “Govern- 
ment is not the solution to our 
problems. Government is the 

Consensual, moderate and mid- 
dle of the road were the watch- 
words of post-war Conservatives. 
They have now been expunged 
from the vocabulary of political 
virtues. Above all Mrs Thatcher 

has given voice to many grassroot 
Tory views about the unions, law 
and o/tier, “scroungers” and cap- 
ital punishment 

An insight into what might 
remain of her achievements in a 
post-Thatcher era should start 
with the Conservative Party. She 
has effectively reshaped its leader- 
ship strata for the 1990s, but not 
necessarily in her own image. At 
present only five of the 2 1 Cabinet 
members do not owe a first 
preferment to her. Yet the Cabinet 
today also has a distinctly non- 
Thatcherite look. The inter- 
ventionists and spokesmen for 
One Nation values are perhaps 
better placed than ever. The 
Westland’ affair led many com- 
mentators and Conservative MPs 
to assume that the Thatcherite era 
was drawing to a close. 

The balance sheet of the suc- 
cesses and failures of Thatcherism 
will be apparent only after she 
goes. If there is a new common 
ground then a future Labour 
government will adapt to it just as 
the Conservatives accepted Lab- 
our's post- 1945 policies and 

American Republicans accepted 
the New Deal. Her government 
does seem to have shifted the 
ground on such issues as trade 
union balance, sales of council 
houses to tenants, privatization of 
a number of state firms and 
services and heightened the issue 
of law and order. 

In these areas the ground has 
probably moved to the right. 
Already Labour has calculated 
that there are few votes to be 
gained from returning to the status 
quo ante. Indeed, Labour may 
have been relieved of some elec- 
toral millstones that have held it 
back in the past. It has to come to 
terms with an electorate which is 
increasingly middle-class and less 
involved in manufacturing, trade 
unions, public sector employment 
and council housing. The govern- 
ment has weakened many of the 
structural bases of Labour voting. 

It is also likely that no sub- 
sequent government of any party 
will relax the post- 1979 central 
controls over local authorities. 
Since 1945 local-central relations 
have moved in one direction only. 
Each party when in office has been 

Support for Thatcherite beliefs 


( 1 ) 

Pro Anti 

Balance of 
Pro and Ami 
% % 

When dealing with political 
opponents, stick firmly to 
one’s beliefs or meet your 
opponents halfway? 50 

Governments can’t do much 
to create prosperity; it is op 
to people to help themselves; 
Agree or not? 48 

In difficult times should gov 
eminent be tough or caring? 46 

In dealings with the world is 
it better for Britain to 
stick resolutely to its own 
position, cr meet other 
communities halfway? 29 

When governments make 
economic policy is it better to 
keep unions and business at 


















Source: Gafejp 

more concerned to control what 
Lord Hailsham (in opposition) 
called the elective dictatorship 
than to curb iL 

Finally, the vocabulary of the 
Labour leadership has also been 
changed. Profits, enterprise, prod- 
uction and value for public money 
are in favour. Any reflation which 
threatens inflation is out. Re- 
nationaLization is not “a high 
priority". After 1983 few believe 
that there is a silent majority for 
sociahsm. Neil Kinnock increas- 
ingly combines the approach of 
Gaitskefl to his left wing with that 
of Harold Wilson to a non- 
sorialisl salaried electorate. 

Mrs Thatcher in 1983 over- j 
turned two rules of post-war 
British politics and of Labour’s 
operational code: that a govern- 
ment coaid not be re-elected with 
record unemployment and that it 
could not govern without the co- 
operation of the major economic 

Complex mood 
bridging the 
political divide 

The Thatcher goal of creating an 
enterprise economy and a self- 
reliant society, however, does not 
seem to have impressed itself on 
voters. Public opinion has actually 
moved against her on whether 
voters prefer tax cuts (and reduced 
government spending on services) 
or an increase in both. In 1979 
Gallup found that a third of voters 
preferred over , a third an increase 
in both, and a quarter wanted 
things left as they were. Since 1979 
there has been a steady reduction 
in the number of tax cutters and 
an increase in government spend- 
ers, even if it means higher taxes. 

In 1985, the latter outscored the 
former 59 per cent to 16 per cent. 
The accompanying table shows a 
further swing- away from 
Thatcherite ideas towards" caring 
and consensus government in 
1985. Thatcher government may 
be creating an equal and opposite 
reaction to itself a legacy of two 
terms of office may well be the 
promotion of values die has 

The mood is therefore complex 
and runs across the old left-right 
political divide. There is approval 
for the free market as a means of 
wealth creation, and many of the - 
economic policies this might en- 
tail But there is also wide support 
for stale or collective provision for 
welfare, even over tax cuts. 
Thatcherism has been half 
successful, repudiating Keynes but 
not Beveridge. In Scandinavia the 
reaction has been similar; ap- 
proval for a state role in welfare 
but not for state intervention and 
controls in the economy. - 
There is little doubt that the 
three major parties will be aware 
of this mood at the next election. 
But will Mrs Thatcher be the best 
leader to preserve the new ground? 
She is a leader , who thrives on 
adversary politics. Her particular 
qualities have paid rich dividends 
when launched against unpopular 
targets, a Galtieri or a ScargilL The 
support she may win in a crisis, 
where minor disagreements are. 
buried in the face of a much 
disliked enemy, can evaporate in 
everyday disputes where her views 
must compete with other, accept- ! 
able views, instead of having a 
successor who carries on her work 
she nuy find that her retirement is 
a sign that public opinion and 
politicians are again seeking a * 
conciliatory and emollient leader. 

The author is professor of politics 
at Nottingham University- 

Wronged in the 
name of rights 

Alterations in the language of ^'rightto 

public debate, and m the cate- him. The mw ngn 

gories through which the social. w orfcT AWW**®. . .. . .. 
worfd is understood and acted cm, sodifi mobiliaition if it 
are of decisive importance. The nphdd. ‘ ^ 

totalitarian movements of our 

cenuxry have shown that the created and the economy rash' 
seizure of language is an effective ioned accordingly. If thus involves 
step towards the seizure of power, th^regne :uon of those 

They have also shown that a bmagMas 

wholly unnatural form of govern- m the maikctp face, th e p somuefc 
meat may lx main rained indefi- die worsefor bom^eoa 
nitely by the unceasing broadcast Some most be torocq, so inai 
of potent lies and by the destntc 1 . others 

tion of the language in which ihe The notion ofa ctemngbrts 

truth may find expression- _ .not new: » 

In a less extreme and less instance, if I contract with 
violent way, the fenguageof public, and perform _my part oftnc 
debate has been important in bargain, then I a^clami 
shaping Western democratic pofr against you. If you refuse to 
tics. In particular, the shift bn the honour your promise, tire a you 
left away from traditional social- violate mynghis. Bm davms ansc 
ism has followed an increasing only when droesare fulfilled, and 
lack of confidence in the language it is a singular feature of the new 
through which socialism had been ideology of nghts that duties are 
Justified. seldom mentioned (least of all by 

“Equality", “social justice” those who enjomttsto“take rights 
“public ownership" — these no- seriously"). ■ 

tions have lost their superficial Furthermore, m traditional Ifo- 
darity and their rhetorical appeal eral thinking tire rights of me 
There has therefore been an citizen were not. daimsi but ito- 
inte resting return to the original erties: they were granted to the 
idea of left-wing politics: the. idea citizen in return for Ins obedience, 
of the Rights of Man. It is through and were to guarantee that he 
the . conception of a human right retained an effective veto in ah 
that egalitarian values now find - matters that most intimately con- 
their most influential expression, oemed him. - ; 

Ironically, therefore, the idea The new “right to work", bow- 
which once defended individual ever, is not a veto bat a command, 
liberty, private property and the It obtiggs tire state not to stand 
restriction of sovereign power is outside my threshold bat to cross 
now a weapon against private the threshold of others so as to 
property, against “bourgeois" lib- compel them to myaidRutjflhc 
erties. and against those who seek state really does have the duty to 
to “roll back the frontiers of the. uphold these novel claims, by 
state". what duty do I gain my title to 

The idea of “rights” is indeed a • them? What do I owe to the state 
potent weapon in the hands of the in return for the en o rm o us claims 
radical not least because toe old that I am eacoosaged-'to mate 
guard lacks the strength to attack against it? The duty to obey the 
with it, and has forgotten how to law has been taken fairly Hghtly by 
use it as a sbiekL tfaefeft. 

During the miners' strike, the The last Labour Party con- 
National Council, for Civil lib- foresee showed that It is not 
erties — a body with impeccable obedience but disobedience which 
left-wing credentials - was much . defines the egalitarian idea of 
exercised by the need to defend, citizenship. Labour is encouraged 
Arthur Scaigili and h is militants, by the new jurisprudence, which 
The right of the working miners to seeks constantly to augment the 
proceed peacefully about their store of rights (including the “right 
business had to be set aside in to civil disobedience") -while 
favour of a “right to pickcT. And - . diminishing the fond of duties. In 
as Professor Dworkin has told us, jurisprudence or elsewhere, Cgal- 
the rights of militant radicals ilaian i sin inflates the moral cu t- 
indude the right to “match rheto- rency, and erodes the capital of 
ric to outrage", and hence to mate dvil virtue, 
as much abusive noise as may In this way, the lan&uge of 
further the egalitarian purpose. - rights has takes on a new xnean- 

By a few deft sleights of band, 
t NCCL was able to take the. 

What duty do I gain my title to 
them? What do I owe to the state 
in return ft^tte cnorra o us daims 
that I am esGoacaged-to state 
against it? The doty to obey the 
law has been taken fairly lightly by 
the left. 

The last Labour Party con- 
ference showed that it is not 
obedience bn! disobedience which 
defines the egalitarian idea of 
citizenship. Labour is encouraged 
by the new jurisprudence, which 
seeks constantly to augment the 
store of rights (including the “right 
lq ’ civil disobedience”) -while 
diminishing the fond of duties. In 
jurisprudence or elsewhere, egal- 
itarianism inflates the moral cur- 
rency, and erodes the capital of 
dvil virtue. 

In this way, the lan&rage of 
rigits has takes on a new xnean- 
mg. Instead of guaranteeing those 
freedoms whereby the competent 

lesson offered by the new school of oould govern, it now tips the 

jurisprudence, -and to invent as 
many rights a$- the -left-wing 
conscience deemed necessary far 
the defence of iiiegality.TTus was 
just one instance of the tricks 
which the language of “rights" has 
now been taught to play. Consider 
also the “righlto work". 

For the traditional liberal this 
denotes the freedom to go about 
one's business undisturbed. Such 
a right is of course threatened by 
violent picketing For the leftist a 
freedom that can be exercised only 
by the fortunate is a freedom 
which violates equality. Such, a 
freedom must therefore not be 
given the status of a right. 

Instead a new “right to work" 
has been invented: not a liberty, 
this time, but a claim. This right is 
honoured not by leaving its holder 

balance per manen tly against all 
forms of . human excellence, and 
against every species of elite. ~ 

At the same time, it becomes the 
sotute of a new corruption. No 
duties are imposed on the man 
whose “right to work” is to be 
inflicted on tire public purse. Even 
tire duty of -obedience is. set aside 
by tire champions of tire underdog 
And this steady erosion of legality, 
responsibility and public spirit is 
effected in the name of thai-old 
chimera — the Rights of Man. ' 
• Eduard Goldsiucter was chair- 
man of tireCzechoslovalc Writers’ 
Union during tire Prague Spring pf 
1968 and not Jaroslav Seifert, as 
staled in Roger Sermon's column 
of January 28. 

The author is editor of the Salis- 
bury Review. . ... . ^ 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

One over eight 
to the bar 

1 was much, impressed the other 
night when Steve Race introduced 
a repeat of a jazz concert first 
shown in 1964 on BBC2. The 
leader of the group, tenor saxo- 
phonist Coleman Hawkins, had 
been a little “unwell" on that 
occasion. Race remembered. 

What impressed me — apart 
from the feet that the Scotch 
didn’t seem to have had too much 
effect on Hawldns, - who kept 
upright and played pretty well — 
was that Steve Race should have 
mentioned the fact at all. It is far 
from unknown for jazz music ian* 
to go on stage drunk, or even for 
them to become drunk on stage, 
having entered sober, but it is very 
rare for anyone to mention it, even 
22 years later, in print orin vision. 

I reviewed jazz for The Times 
for 10 years in the. 196% and 
1970s, and there were many times 
when-tbe man I was reviewing was 
somewhat the worse for wear. The - 
usual symptoms were a - glassy 
smile, a look of deep concentra- 
tion and an inability to locate the 
microphone. As soon as be started 
playing, things were usually all 
right, as the old reflexes took over, 
but sometimes things were all 
wrong and he was barely capable 
of playing more than a few notes. 

1 kept being . reminded of Eddie 
Condon’s remark; “I arrived at the 
dub in a state of perfect equilib- 
rium: half man, half whisky ' 

My problem was how to suggest 
what had happened without act- 
ually suggestingit, as it were, and I 
don't think £ ever solved it 
satisfactorily. I once asked the 
then arts editor, John Lawrehce, if 
it were in order to mention such a 
thing in print ’ . • 

"Theoretically, yes," be told 
me. “If you say that X gets drank 
when he plays* then that is libel for 
it suggests a permanent state of 
affairs. If you say .that X happened 
to be drunk last night, then it is not 
libellous, as it is. reporting a real 
event That is the theory. In .. 
practice, you had better not men- 
’ tion it" f didn’t. Mostjazzevenls, 
of course, are. wonderfully sober 
andabsiemiouS affairs. 

I sometimes thought -of writing 

in a review that X was totally 
sober last night, but this too might 
have Hbeflous overtones. 

What is undeniably true is thru 
many famous jazz musicians have 
become legends not just for their 
playing, but also for their rip- 
roanng behaviour, . from .. But 
Beiderbecke through to Charlie 
Parker, yet you will search reviews 
■of toe- time "in vain for . any 
mention of an accompanying 
bottle. I think it was . Cootie 
Williams when remi niscing about 
todays with the Duke Ellington 
Orchestra who. tried to re mem ber 
anyone in the band who didn’t 
drink, and failed. 

' drank except me,” be 

said. “Then I left to form my own 
band And when I became a 
bandleader, I started drinking!" 

- What has been missing from 
jazz history, I have always 
thoughl, is a wild rip-roaring yrrr 
reviewer. We critics have always 
.ban quiet wen-behaved, dutiful 
performers, never getting upnxar- 
oosly dmnk on the job or going 
spectacularly horizontal during a 

The nearest anyone has ever tot 
to that is _ Michael Zwerin, toe 
excelle nt Herald Tribune razz 
Writer, who is a sober, abstemious, 
ctcfeBow these days but who 
accenting to his autobiography: 
Cfaw Enough Jor /al-ludSmc t 
Tbe book s**™ 
his memories of a 
board meeting of an American 
steel company m about 196a 

Zwcan chairman of 
““P^mberited frtim 
he ted a jazz 

i Jr*. .. 


l)f akf 

°? *i 

of • * 



- 1 Bennington Street, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 


A 'S 

1 1' ^ ^Oh tfie face of it, the meetings 

lr of the European CornmnnitYs 

finance and foreign ministers 
which began yesterday will be 
occupied in routine business. 
No storms of the kind which 
threatened the cohesion of the 
Community before Fontaine- 
bleau are -in sight Nor wfli 
there be tfiebad feeling which 
eflipled last year over the way. 
to proceed to greater unity. ■ ■ ; 

1 The principal task of the 
economic committee is to 
begin the application to the 
1987 Budget of the procedure 
which finance ministers lay 
vown global sums for blocks of 
expMiditure. That, of course, is 
of significance to agricultural 
ministers since it has also been 
agreed that spending on farm 
support should grow less fest 
than the Community's, "own 
resources" revenue. In other 
words, it must decrease as a 
■proportion of total Commu- 
nity expenditure. 

_ On the foreign * ministers’ 
agenda budget discipline will 
also loom large. At least it 
ought to. Their need is not so 
much to consider the figures as 
ip. discuss the entire relation- 
’t&P between budget and farm 
support. It -once again, despite 
^Fontainebleau, threatens a cri- 

: : It is the hidden rather than 
die nominal agenda that mat- 
ters. The value of the dollar 
has fallen in relation to the ecu 
(the European unit of ac- 
count); it is now clear that the 
Community will reach the 
ceiling of its own resources 
sooner than expected. 

-.. At Fontainebleau, the ceil- 
jgg was raised to 1.4 per cent 
(of a notional VAT proceeds 
scale ). This was expected to last 
until at least 1988. But by 1987, 
perhaps by the end of this year. 

-■-v, , 

* - 3 . 


r *t.y 

- *r,T 

it will no longer suffice to 
cover spending. 

Some progress has been 
njade to bring down the level 
of agricultural support. The 
Co mmi ssion has produced a 
package tough enough to. pro- 
voke loud protests from fann- 
ers throughout the 
Community, _ including Brit- 

Germany Is a. much weaker 
■ reed than: Britain in the matter 
of farm support Although the 
Germans pay more for EEC 
farm support than any other 
mernbarvand pay lip-service to 
cutting it, their own small 
fanners benefit massively.. ' 
Theirs is an interest the Fed- 
eral Govemement heeds for 
social reasons.. But Britain 
mirrors ■ the .same sort of 
' problem. So does France, the 
traditional defender of sub- 
sidy, which how finds itself a 
substantial net contributor to 
EEC farm payments. 

The fundamental question 
is whether all that can be done 
is to reduce the level of support 
within the existing system, or 
whether the system can be 
changed. Proposals tanta- 
mount to such radical change 
have come from the Commis- 
sion One. is for phasing out 
altogether ..the intervention- 
buying of bee£ except in an 
emergency. It has provoked 
much protest and is hardly 
likely to be practical politics. 
In any case, it does not touch . 
the worst example of the price- 
support dile mma — cereals. 

Cereal farmers - are 
overwhelmingly the largest 
recipients of farm support 
Their support costs more as 
the felling dollar brings Euro- 
pean grain into closer com- 
petition with the transatlantic 
commodity. (Yet the rebuke to 
the EEC for its agricultural 



policy just delivered in Lon- 
don by the American Eco- 
nomic Under-Secretary, Mr 
Wallis, has something ota pot- 
and-kettle look about it in 
view of the Americans’ own 
supportand surpluses system.) 

The truth is that nobody is 
thinking of total reform. No 
member state dissents from 
the principle that small farm- 
ers should be kept in business 
for social reasons, even though 
in practice they only scratch 
along under a system where 
the big fanners make the big 

One solution might be to let 
member states subsidize their 
own small farms if they wish. 
But “renationalization of the 
CAP” is unacceptable: it goes 
gainst the principle of integra- 

In practice, therefore, the 
only land of reform envisaged 
is pragmatic price reductions 
which fall on large and small 
farmers alike, and which the 
Germans resist The Commu- 
nity is returning to its old 
quandary. Unless it again in- 
creases the “own resources 
contributions it will not bal- 
ance its budgets. But increas- 
ing resources again is 
politically impossible; what is 
the point, if it ends in still 
bigger stockpiles and more 
public rage? 

Grain support levels have 
been reduced, but with tech- 
nical advance, the yield still 
increases. While 70 percent of 
Europe’s budget goes on agri- 
culture, agriculture supports 
only 10 per cent of Europe's 
population. Throughout the 
world there is growing produc- 
tion and a shirking market 
Mach more basic thinking is 
needed than any that will arise 
from current agendas. 


The aftermath of a brutal jury on charges which could,if 
assault that has shoCke$opin~ they agreed, be tried by mag- 
ion and mmtaWy’ ToTOied^ ismt^TOadminito 
public confidence, in sof^etYa justice suffers. 

■r ;T\" 


lit * 

orderliness is, it might be 
thought a time for reformers 
of the criminal .justice system 
to lie tow. Attention naturally 
focuses on the police, and their 
-work of detection. Soon the 
public will turn to ministers. 

. They will ask for action and 
the mettle of the Home Sec- 
retary will be tested. 

- He will have immediate 
questions to answer, for exam- 
ple about the unsatisfactory 
state of the law governing the 
"identification of victims of 
rape before charges . are 
brought. He win, if be is 
honest, dispense with easy 
rhetoric about dramatic ac- 
tion. In coping with crime 
there are no instant recipes. 
Levels of crime will respond, 
eventually, to policing re- 
sources, sentences, the penal 
regime and to reform of ju- 
' dirial procedure. Effecting that 
Wform cannot nor has Mr 
Hurd shown any evidence of 
..wanting to, ignore ambiguity 
.In public opinion or ride 
roughshod- over rights and 

.. Take one of the planks of 
last week’s White Paper on 
^Criminal justice, the future of 
trial by jury. The institution is 
'.too popular. Its popularity 
with the public makes the 
■ politics of reform difficult. Yet 
its popularity with defendants 
: makes reform a growing neces- 
rf^ty. More and more defen- 
' dants are opting for trial by 

: „ The Government has ap- 
pointed .moire judges and 
Opened new courts. But pres- 
sure of business in the Crown 
Court has increased. There are 
still tong delays before a case is 
brought to triaL In 1984 
defendants pleading not guilty 
in Englaihd and Wales had to 
wait on average almost : five 
months between committal 
and. triaL Some waited in 
prison for months. 

Delays of this kind put an 
unacceptable strain on defen- 
dants and their fam ili es. Injus- 
tice results when cases become 
stale, memories fade, and wit- 
nesses become unavailable. 
Since the burden of proof lies 
with the accuser, this works in 
the accused’s favour. So the 
acquittal rate in contested 
cases in the Crown Court is 
twice as high as in the 
magistrates’ oourts. 

The White Paper proposed 
reducing the number of of- 
fences carrying a right to 
choose jury triaL The majority 
of those convicted of the 
offences of common assault, 
driving while disqualified, and 
taking a motor vehicle without 
the owners' consent do not in 
fact receive sentences beyond 
the magistrates' powers. There 
are already comparable of- 
fences, some of them more 
serious, which can only be 
tried summarily. 

So far the argument is 
sound. But the Government 

wants to go further. It proposes 
: abolishing right of jury trial for 
offences of dishonesty involv- 
ing property of less than a 
specified value. Ten years ago 
the James Committee made a 
similar suggestion. Parliament 
rightly rejected it 

The stigma which attaches 
to theft is so great that jury 
trial should be available, ir- 
respective of the value of the 
property. Value is not nec- 
essarily a reliable indicator of 
the seriousness of the offence. 
The Government says it would 
give magistrates discretion to 
commit a case to trial if they 
were satisfied that the offence 
was one of unusual gravity, 
even if the property involved 
was of small value. The Gov- 
ernment is also considering 
malting provision for jury trial 
to remain available in excep- 
tional circumstances — to 
defendants with no previous 
convictions for dishonesty. 

Such proposals cannot be 
accepted. People must be al- 
lowed to live down their past. 
There cannot be two classes of 
citizens entitled to different, 
modes of trial for the same 
offence of dishonesty. An ac- 
cused person’s previous record 
is normally inadmissible for 
the purpose of determining 
guilt- It should remain in- 
admissible for determing the 
way in which his guilt is to be 
established. The presumption 
of innocence should apply 
equally for both purposes. In 
all these small cases of dis- 
honesty the accused must keep 
bis right to jury triaL 

republicans past and future 

With the death at the weekend 
. of "former Scnaior Jacob Javits 
'American politics tost a stal- 
’ wart. His passing, taken with 
. the departure from the Senate 
■of Charles Mathias of Mary- 
: land, confirm the permanency 
of an intra-party shift The 

come the reputation mongers 
may point the other way. 

For Javits helped turn the 
Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee into an adjunct 
maker of- American foreign 
policy. As such he was respon- 
sible for the diminished stand- 

. Hast Coast wing of the Repub- fog of his country during the 

; i*Jans is no more. 

->* Javits was best described as 
i pro-business liberal — hewas 
*proudlv the “Senator from 
.Wall Street". In his approach 
jo foreign policy, his New 
York background and his open 

• demeanour he stood within an 

• older tradition in his party, 

• one associated for ever with 
' former Vice-President Nelson 
''itockefflller. In modern 
Jftepubiican demonology no 
. ta is quite as warty. 

r ■ to the way of things, Rocke- 
..felfer will in time get ins 
'..revisionist. For Javits, how- 
‘iCver, it may be different. His 
•■ courage in bis last years as a 
victim of a debilitating disease 
raised his stock, la years to 

1970s when, we are now so 
clearly aware, the Soviet 
Union engaged in a chapter of 
international adventurism and 
armaments build-up. It is now 
much less clear that the reduc- 
tion of the President’s powers 
of military command en- 
gineered by the senator was 
either effective, as a barrier to 
covert executive action, or 
useful in the prosecution of 
.American interests in South 
East Asia or anywhere else. 

The end of the Rockefeller 
Republicans encapsulate, for 
some observers, the victory 
within the party, of Presidoit 
Reagan’s beliefs-. Indeed in 
recent politicking the only 
question for Republican 

contenders was who would 
inherit the President’s ideo- 
■ logical mantle. The nuances of 
that quest have seemed to be 
the only thing that distin- 
guished Vice-President Bush 
and (a conservative trying to 
build a populist constituency) 
Representative Jack Kemp. 

But the passage of Javits’ 
generation should not be read 
too easily as a rightwards shift. 
The Vice-President has still to 
shake off a patina of Eastern 
liberal diffidence. Senator 
Dole and Senator Baker, 
representing new political re- 
gions, are difficult to place, 
perhaps avatars of a new 
heterodoxy. Out of the conser- 
vative far west, home of the 
President comes Senator Lax- 
alt of Nevada. 

The soul of the GOP is up 
for grabs: Senator Javits’ pass- 
ing shows the absence in the 
party’s counsels of an older 
brand of liberalism. But it 
gives scant guide to where the 
Republicans are heading. 


Case for outside interest in BL 

From Mr Michael Grylls. MP for terms of wealth 

Surrey North West (Conservative) 
Sir, It seems that some of the 
business decisions needing to be 
taken over the future of BL are 
being clouded by emotion. To 
allow one’s heart to rule one’s 
head is a luxury that the prudent 
investor cannot afford. 

HM Government is the major 
investor (99.7 per cent) in BL pic. 
a quoted company; the rest of the 
shares are held by 60,000 long- 
suffering private investors. The 
company faces considerable prob- 

First is Leyland Trucks- There is 
some 40 per cent unused capacity 
m Europe, resulting in losses of 
£400 million a year. Dearly there 
has to be rationalisation. Inter- 
national mergers or collaboration 
are increasingly seen as sensible 

GM, with 60 years of operating 
efficiently and responsibly in the 
UK, is one obvious buyer of the 
truck division. Land-Rover, with 
the financial backing available, 
should prove a suitable candidate 
for a management buy-out 

The other problem is the Aus- 
tin- Rover group (ARG). There is 
little doubt that almost any owner 
would be better than Govern- 
ment Government is no longer a 
good owner. For governments are 
made up of politicians and Civil 
Servants, generally with a lack of 
understanding of industry's needs, 
but with an insatiable appetite for 
day-to-day interference in the 
firms they control. Any chairman 
of a State-owned industry will 
confirm this. 

Nowadays, companies have to 
invest large sums in new technol- 
ogy if they are to compete. If they 
fail to make the investment they 
fall behind and Britain suffers in 

creation and 
employment. But governments 
have many calls on the taxpayers' 
cash — more pressing than capital 
equipment for companies — for 
example, investment ip schools 
and hospitals. That is why Gov- 
ernment is not a good owner. All 
companies must be free to have 
access to the capital markets to 
fund their crucial investment in 
new technology. 

Emotional hand-wringing about 
keeping ARG "’British” is unhelp- 
ful. Despite the valiant efforts of 
the current managers it is still 
unlikely that long term ARG ran 
prosper alone. Already Austin- 
Rover is de facto an Anglo- 
Japanese firm through its 
successful collaboration with 

I saw evidence of this for myself 
the other day when I visited the 
Honda plant in Japan. Listening 
to the chairman and managers it 
was dear that collaboration is seen _ 
by Honda as a long-term arrange- " 
menz to the benefit of both 

I understand the feeling about 
keeping our industry British. 
However, the reality is that multi- 
national collaboration and owner- 
ship is the likely shape for. any 
serious players in the automobile 
industry of the future. Personally, 
if I were a worker in Cowley, 
Longbridge or Leyland. I would 
feel more secure if the shares in 
my company were owned by GM, 
Honda, or British shareholders 
rather than by HM Government. 
Yours faithfully, 

Conservative Backbench Trade 
and Industry Committee), 

House of Commons. 

March 6. 

Moves to Rome 

From Mrs W. Allan Griffiths 
Sir, There is some ground for the 
concern in the Church of England 
reported on the front page of The 
Times (March 4). Five motions 
emanating from the reports of the 
Anglican-Roman Catholic inter- 
national Commission are cur- 
rently circulating the Church of 
England's Diocesan and Deanery 
Synods, having been passed to 
(hem for debate by the General 

The five motions are obscure, 
complex in form and contain very 
lengthy references, by means of 
page numbers, to two even more 
wordy documents not, in most 
cases, in the possession of mem- 
bers of Deanery and Diocesan 
Synods. The motions cannot be 
amended, but only accepted or 

There is also lack of informa- 
tion about the use to which these 

resolutions are to be put, thus 
raising the question whether such 
ill-prepared motions and dis- 
cussions are to be used to give the 
impression that they are an in- 
formed response by representative 
members of the Church of En- 
gland to the effect that the Church 
of England should start taking 
concrete steps to reconciliation 
with the Church of Rome. 

The report Faith in the City, 
recently debated at the February 
General Synod, made no fewer 
than 23 “recommendations for 
action by the Government and 
Nation." Is it not time that the 
Church of England also applied its 
critical faculties to the conduct of 
its own business? 

Yours faithfully, 

Thorpe House; ■ 

Station Road, 

Chipping Campden, 

March 6. 

Law centres at risk 

From Cardinal Hume and others 
Sir, Last year 10 million people 
sought help from their local advice 
centre. This year, many will find 
they have nowhere to turn to, as 
Britain's 2,000 or so independent 
advice and law centres face an 
unprecedented threat to their fu- 
ture. For many years advice and 
law centres have been funded 
inadequately, with seven govern- 
ment departments, various local 
authority committees and some 
charitable trusts all providing 
some, but never enough, money. 

Despite repealed assurances to 
the contrary from central govern- 
ment, the abolition of the metro- 
politan county councils and the 
GLC this month will mean the 
closure of many centres and the 
loss of skilled workers in others. 
Rate limitation and changes in 
urban programme policy will 
compound the problem. It is 
estimated by the Advice Services 
Alliance that over one half of all 
centres will be affected in some 

It is vital for the millions oi 
people who use these centres each 

year that they do not disappear. 
We urge central government to 
produce a coherent national policy 
on the funding and development 
of all advice and law centres to 
ensure they are accessible to all 
those who need them. Without 
such a commitment the situation 
can only deteriorate still further. 

BASIL HUME. President. Shelter, 
MASHAM of ILTON. President. 
Disablement Information & Advice 

President. National Association of 
Citizens’ Advice Bureaux, 

JAMES FAWCETT. President. 

UK Immigrants Advisory Service, 

C. J. SCHOFIELD. Chair. 

Law Centres Federation. 


Legal Action Group, 


Scottish Association of Citizens 
Advice Bureaux. 

National Association of Young 
People's Counselling and Advisory 


Federation of Independent Advice 

Advice Services Alliance. 

18 Queen Anne's Gate. SWI. 
March 10. . 

The ‘workers’ 

From Mr B. R. Tdomey 

Sir, Far too often the word 

workers" is used m this country 
in a divisive and seemingly 
pejorative sense. Politicians of all 
parties do it, as do some company 
directors and managers. 

As a company director I am 
proud to call myself a “worker". It 
seems to me that communications 
and involvement in industry, 
leading to a commitment by all to 
the goals of the business and to 
international competitiveness, 
can only be improved by making 
every attempt to avoid appearing 
to be divisive. 

It seems unnecessarily divisive 
to use the term “managers and 
workers” in counterpoint Perhaps 
The Times could set an example in 
this respect. 

Yours faithfully. 


Four Forks House, 



February 24. 

Musical standards 

From Sir Charles Groves 
Sir, Fiona Maddocks’ sane and 
perceptive article on the music 
colleges in today's .Times (March 
6} is fortuitously complemented at 
the bottom of the same page by a 
very favourable review from your 
music critic of the production of 
Nicholas Maw’s opera. The Rising 
of the Moon, at the Guildhall 
School of Music and Drama. 

A few years ago, a work of such 
complexity, challenging singers 
and instrumentalists alike, could 
□ever have been undertaken at a 
music college. Now students can 
perform it and critics can review it 
with the same professional 

Surely this is the real evidence 
of the rise in standards at our 
music colleges; and how wrong we 
should be to concentrate our 
resources and attempt 10 produce 
the elusive and unpredictable 
world-class soloist 
Yours faithfully, 


12 Camden Square, NWJ. 

March 6. 

A suspect gloss 

From Mr Peran T. Dachinger 
Sir, An “honest, unrestored 
appearance” may well be a prime 
requirement for purchases of an- 
tique furniture, but I would in- 
form your correspondent, Mr 
Beare (March 4k that few paint- 
ings in salerooms present anything 
other than a dishonest appearance 
when left uncleaned. Often the 
work of previous restorers is 
hidden under layers of dirty 
varnish which in itself may be 
wreaking considerable damage to 
die original work. 

Victorians were very fond of 
over-painting scenes which did 
not subscribe to contemporary 

mores and many a modern re- 
storer has disclosed an original 
nude under a 19th-century figleaf 
or a bull-baiting scene beneath an 
unexceptional woodland picnic. 

Is it to be recommended that 
today's artists should enhance 
their canvases by applying a 
patina in order to ensure future 
sales? I would submit ibis is as 
unnecessary now as it was when 
John Constable mixed his colours 
or Micbaelangclo lay his frescoes 
(noting that the word fresco means 

Yours faithfully, 


67 Shirland Road, 

Maida Vale. W9. 

Rising to bait 
on fishing party 

From Mr Guy Chcyney' 

Sir, As one of the participants in 
the controversial television pro- 
gramme, The Fishing Party. I feel 
obliged to reply to the scathing 
criticism levelled at both my 
colleagues and myself by the 
media and public alike. 

it is possible that a very 
different film to the one envisaged 
by us was always in the offing. It is 
equally possible that had we 
caught foe giant halibut there 
might have been a very different 
film. Somehow f doubt whether 
we shall ever know. 

Were we misrepresented, even 
deceived or are we really just rich 
psychopathic killers verging on 
the moronic? To the former my 
response is yes, and as for decep- 
tion only if pne fails to admit to 
trust and vanity. To the latter, as 
we have been branded, I must 
address myself to those members 
of the Press who. I assume, credit 
themselves with infinitely more 

Wfty. I wonder, have they 
reviewed the result of the experi- 
ment, or more accurately fractions 
of it. without a modicum of 
intelligent research into its pro- 
cess. coupled with what I presume 
is the nocmal quota of inaccu- 
racies and even more naive 
presumptions? They are certainly 
unable to recognise the flippant, if 
only they could distinguish iL 
J cannot regret this film, as { 
enjoyed every minute making it, 
merely foe omissions. For foe 
record. I am not rich. I do not 
shoot seagulls. I do not like cats 
and 1 thoroughly support foe 
reintroduction of both corporal 
and capital punishmenL 
I think T will now join the ranks 
of the Champagne socialists, as it 
is evidently easier and more 
rewarding — assuming that I can 
lake the hypocrisy. 

Yours faithfully, and a little wiser, 

1 16 Cambridge StreeL SWl. 

Future ofUlster 

From Sir Andrew Gilchrist 
Sir, In your editorial (March S) on 
foe disturbance in Northern Ire- 
land you point to foe “low key” 
role of foe RUC and refer to foe 
Army as “being kept well out of 
sight”. You mention also that foe 
“Loyalist” strikers aimed to 
“strain foe loyalties of the 
Province's (mainly Protestant) po- 
lice force”. 

You might have added that foe 
IRA, who know their history, have 
recently chosen the RUC as a 
principal taigeL 

In 1920 foe forces making for 
Irish independence sought to 
“strain the loyalty” (Le„ loyalty to 
foe British) of the Royal Irish 
Constabulary- by a powerful pro- 
gramme of hate and propaganda 
supplemented by large-scale 

The RIC began to weaken, 
resignations increased, no recruits 
appeared; and the British Govern- 
ment felt compelled to enlist ex- 
servicemen from England. It will 
be recalled that those alien police- 
men soon acquired a famous 

As in Ireland in 1920. there is 
today in Northern Ireland a body 
of native-born Irish policemen 
who are placed between foe army 
of the ruling power (“direct rule” 
is foe present system) and foe 
civilian population, enabling foe 
Army — as you say — “to be kept 
out of sight''. Without foe RUC 
foe Army itself would have to take 
over direct police duties. 

Not only the Army would be 
Openly involved in the process of 
“direct rule”; we are told that if the 
Northern Ireland elected authori- 
ties do not set rates for themselves, 
foe British Government will ap- 
point commissioners to set rates 
and presumably to collect them. 

Since no Protestants will volun- 
teer for such duties and no 
Catholics will dare to come for- 
ward. foe commissioners will have 
to be recruited in Britain. No 
doubt foe advertisements for foe 
jobs have already been prepared. 
Yours faithfully, 


Arthur's Crag. 

Hazelbank, By Lanark. 

Ancient and modern 

From Mr Alec Bristow 
Sir, Though’ your 84-year-old 
correspondent Mr Jack Sykes 
(March 1) is somewhat my senior 
in years (I am nearly 77). I fancy I 
am his senior in word-processing. 

This letter is being written, 
during a train journey, on the little 
machine, not much bigger than a 
paperback book, which has been 
my constant companion for foe 
past four years or so. When I get 
home 1 shall plug it into my 
electronic typewriter, which will 
type it out at dazzling speed. 

The pleasure an old man derives 
from showing he can still master 
this advanced technology must be 
matched by the pleasure of those 
who no longer have to struggle to 
decipher the shaky handwriting 
that accompanies advancing 

Yours sincerelv. 


The Grange. 

Th waite. Eye, Suffolk. 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr Basil Boothroyd 
Sir. The interesting thing is to 
have a house for sale on the books 
of two agents, anyway if. as in my 
case, it has a wooden structure 
down the garden. This was de- 
scribed in one of foe specifications 
as “a delightful sun loggia” and in 
foe other as a “strong shed”. 

Yours sincerelv. 



Church Street, Cuckfield. Sussex. 


MARCH 111815 ' 

Napoleon Buonaparte, crowned 
emperor of the French in 
December, 1804, abdicated in 
April, 1814. The following month 
Louis XV It I entered Paris and 
Napoleon landed on the island of 
Elba. His exile there was brief; in 
March. 1815 he u/as back on the 
mainland. His power of appeal 
and the memories of past glories 
brought the populace flocking to 
kirn. Marshal Ney, sent to 
apprehend him, fell under the old 
spell and embraced him. By- 
March 30 he teas at Ike TuUeries 
and Louis had fled to Ghent. The 
adventure lasted 100 days; on 
dune 18 he met Wellington at 


tSarly yesterday morning we 
received by express, from Dover, 
the important but lamentable in- 
telligence, of a civil war having 
been again kindled in France, by 
that wretch BUONAPARTE, 
whose life was so impolitely spared 
by the Allied Sovereigns. It now 
appears that the hypocritical vil- 
lain. who, at the time of his 
cowardly abdication, affected an 
aversion to the shedding of blood 
in a civil warfare, has been 
employed during the whole time of 
his residence at Elba, in carrying 
on secret and treasonable intrigues 
with (he tools of his former crimes 
in France. At length, when bis 
plots were ripe, be sailed from 
Elba, with all his guards, between 
12 and 1300 in number, on the 
night of the 28th ult. and landed 
near Frejus, in France, on the 3d 
instant. Some accounts state that a 
considerable number of military 
were collected on the coast await- 
ing his arrival, and immediately 
joined him. and that he advanced 
at their head upon Lyons. Other 
advices represent, that MASSE- 
NA, who had been appointed by 
the KING to command at Toulon, 
was the chief manager of the 
conspiracy, and had placed all the 
soldiers in the department of the 
Var at BUONAPARTE’S disposal. 
Be this as it may, there can be no 
doubt but that hie will be joined by 
all the worthless, and disaffected, 
wbo unhappily form a large portion 
of the disbanded, and we fear, not a 
few of the embodied soldiery in the 
south of France. When the in tell i 
gence reached Paris, the KING 
immediately took the most decisive 
steps for quelling the insurrection. 
He issued a Proclamation, declar- 
ing BUONAPARTE and all his 
adherents traitors and rebels, and 
authorising any person to seize and 
deliver them over to justice; and by 
another Ordonnance. he convoked 
both Houses of the Legislature to 
assemble, without delay, at their 
usual places of meeting in Paris. 
This virtuous and excellent 
Monarch, who, since his accession, 
has done so much good to the 
country blessed with his govern 
ment. may boldly appeal to the 
nation and its representatives for 
support. If they can be insensible 
to tbe blessings of a constitutional 
and liberal Government, if they 
can be ungrateful to a truly 
paternal Monarch, if they do not 
with abhorrence shake from them 
this Viper of Corsica, their former 
stain, their scourge, and their 
disgrace, they are not worthy to be 
reckoned among mankind; they 
can never be considered capable uf 
those principles and sentiments, 
which are foe only real guarantee 
of peace between foe nations of the 
earth. But we will not anticipate so 
deep- a blot upon the page of 
history. The illustrious Princes of 
the House of Bourbon, MON- 
SIEUR, the Duke of BERRY, and 
the Duke of ORLEANS, have 
proceeded towards Lyons. Marshal 
MACDONALD has taken foe 
command of tbe Royal army; and 
we earnestly hope and trust, that 
ere many posts have elapsed, we 
shall receive accounts that the 
arch-traitor has been delivered 
over to foe disgraceful death he has 
so long and so richly merited 
Aware of the misinterpretation 
which might have been put on our 
motives, had we been over forward 
in giving publicity to so unpleasant 
a piece of news, on private author- 
ity, although of the most respect- 
able kind, we declined issuing a 
second edition of our yesterday’s 
paper, with the proclamation of his 
Most Christian Majesty, but that 
remarkable document will be found 
in our columns to-day, as well as 
tbe order for convoking tbe Legis- 
lative Chambers. In the course of 
the day. dispatches were received 
from our Ambassador at Paris. 
consequence of which, the news 
was circulated from tbe public 
offices, and soon made its way into 
the evening papers, the offices of 
which were besieged by numbers 
filled with the most ardent curios- 
ity, and nearly as much interest 
was displayed on this occasion as 
we remember to have observed at 
foe most critical periods of the late 

Hatless in London 

Front Mr Richard F. H been 
Sir, My observations of commut- 
es alighting at Cannon Srreer 
station during the recent cold 
weather show that not one in 50 
(male or female) was wearing any 
form of headgear. 

Does this demonstrate foe high 
cost of hats, optimism that by the 
time the train gets to London the 
weather will have turned tropical. 
British sang-froid, bat thieves at 
work, or what? 

Yours faithfully, 


The Grange, 

Rectory' Lane, 




March 5. 

• »nai ■-ofco a-a t 7 7 ^<5.0 &■'» * 5 v ** 2 3 >6 - £ 8.1? - ?so>i \r oOfh % 5.2 I diin i DOS,i»&lnQ.a"nsoi74 ^ cro no 







March 10: The Prince Andrew. 
Patron of the SS Great Britain 
Project, this afternoon visited 
the SS Great Britain and was 
received by the Chairman of the 
Project (Dr Basil GreenhUl). 

His Royal Highness was sub- 
sequently present at the Patron's 
Dinner at the Merchants* Hall, 
Bristol and was received on 
arrival bv Her Majesty’s Lord* 
Lieutenant for the County of 
Avon (Sir John Wills, Btj. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Chief Commandant 
Women’s Royal Naval Service, 
today at Buckingham Palace 
received Commandant M 
Fletcher. Director, Women's 
Royal Naval Service, on assum- 
ing" her appointment. 

Her Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent of the Save the Children 
Fund, this afternoon attended 
the launch of South. The Third 
World Magazine's Appeal at 
New Zealand House, 
Hay market, London. SW1. 

The Hon Mis Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 

The Princess .Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this evening received an 
Honorarv Fellowship of the 
Royal College of Physicians and 
afterwards was present at a 
dinner at the Royal College of 
Phvsicians. St Andrews Place, 
Regent's Park, London, NW1 
where Her RovaJ Highness was 
received by the President of the 
College (Sir Raymond 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 

Today is the Anniversary of 
the Birthday of The Prince 

March J0.‘ The Prince and 
Princess of Wales this afternoon 
attended the Commonwealth 
Day Observance Service in 
Westminster Abbey. 

Mrs George West and Mr 
David Roycroft were in atten- 

Their Royal Highnesses this 
evening attended a performance 
of Handel’s Messiah given by 
the Huddersfield Choral Society 
at the Royal Festival Hall, 
London, SEI. 

Mrs George West and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 

The Duke of Gloucester wifl 
open the RoihweH Community 
Centre and the Home Charm 
Group's warehouse and offices 
in Wellingborough, North- 
amptonshire. on March 20. 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester. President of Prin- 
cess Christian’s Hospital, will 
visit the hospital on March 21 
and later attend a reception at 
the Guildhall. Windsor. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
open ihe Office- Environment 
Exhibition at Ohmpia on 
March 25. 

Prince Michael of Kent wiD be 
the guest of honour of the 
Lea thersel lets’ Company at a 
livery ((inner on March 20 at 
Leather sellers’ Hall. 

Princess Michael of Kent will be 
the guest ofhonour and speaker 
at The Mousetrap third of a 
century celebratory luncheon at 
the Savoy Hotel on March 25. 

Princess Alexandra will visit 
Canada Block, the newly ren- 
ovated nurses quarter at RN 
Hospital Haslar, Gosport. 
Hampshire, on March 26. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr P.F. Cawood 
and Miss S.M. Wellman 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Francis, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs J.D. 
Cawood. of HarswelL York, and 
Susan Mary, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs D.E. Wellman, of 
Hanworth. Middlesex. 

Mr R.E.B. Carrie 
and Miss E.F. Creighton 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, youngest son of 
Mr James M. Bfyth Currie, of 
the Old Rectory, Woolhampton, 
Berkshire, and Mrs Simone 
Currie, of 16 Phillemore Gar- 
dens. London. W8. and Emma, 
eldest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
H.D.F. Creighton, of Upper 
Brook Street. London, Wl. 

Mr TJVL Davies 
and Miss J.E. Martin 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs M.W. Davies, of 
HorselL Surrey, and Jane, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D.B. 
Martin, of Grayshotl. Surrey. 
Mr G. Denny 
and Miss C.M. Gray 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, son of Mr and 
Mrs R. Denny, of Durban, 
South Africa, and Caroline 
Monique, eldest daughter of Dr 
and Mrs P.F. Gray, of Old 
Glebe. Waldron, HeathfiekL 

Dr C. Gatzen 
and Miss C.M. NicboII 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, younger 
son of Dr Joseph and Dr Ursula 
Gatzen. of Heinsbci^,. West 
Germany, and Georgina Mar- 
tha. younger daughter of Mrs 
Vera’ M. Charlton, of 
Northwood. Middlesex. The 
marriage will take place quietly 
on July 19. 

Mr E.G.E. Mace 
and Miss CJVf. Payne 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, younger son of 
Dr and Mrs BE.W. Mace, of 
Dcddington. Oxfordshire, and 
Christine, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J.W.S. Payne, of 
Penton Grafton. Hampshire. 

Mr KJ. Ritchie 
and Miss LM. Bell 
The engagement is announced 
between Keith, twin son of Mrs 
B.L Ritchie and the late Major 
Rio Ritchie. MBE MC. of 
Cloak House. Lumphanan, 
Aberdeenshire, and Marilyn, 
only daughter of the late Mr and 
Mrs Follett Bell, of Dalness, 
Glen Etive, Argyll 

Mr DJL. Tinsley 
and Miss S.I. Williams 
The engagement is announced 
between Denis Knowles- 
Tinsley, of New York, elder son 
of the late Mr and Mrs Edward 
Tinsley, of Dublin, and Susan 
Isabel, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Thomas R. Williams, 
of Atlanta. Georgia. 

Mr JJ>. Treays 
and Miss S.CJS. Brice 
The engagement is announced 
between John David, son of Mr 
and Mts W.S. Treays, of Tor- 
quay, Devon, and Sarah Cath- 
erine. daughter of Squadron 
Leader and Mrs R. Brice, of 
Tavistock. Devon. 

Mr M Turley 
and Miss G.A- Randall 
The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, son of Mr 
and Mrs William Turley, of 
Dudley, and Gillian, younger 
daughter of Mr Derek Randall, 
of Chalfont St Giles, and Mrs 
Dorothy Randall. of 

Birthdays today 

Mr Terence Alexander. 53: Sir 

Kenneth Dover, 66; the Right 
Rev J.R.G. Eastaugh, 66; Mr 
DJ. Enright. 66; Mr David 
Gentleman. 56; Mr Jonathan 
Gesiewer. 46; Professor T.C. 
Gray. 73; Miss Margaret 
Herbison. 79; Viscount Hood, 
72: General Sir Peter Hunt. 70; 
Sir Charles Johnston, 74; Mr 
Nigel Lawson. MP. 54: Sir 
Fitzroy Maclean. 75; Sir Henry 
Marking. 66; Judge -Sir James 
Miskin. QC. 61; Air Marshal Sir 
Alee Moms, 60; Lord Mowbray 
and Stounon, 63: Mr Rupert 
Murdoch. 55; Sir Ronald Syrne, 
OM. 83; Captain LM. Tennant, 
67-. Sir Peter Walters. 55: Lord 
Wilson of Rievaulx. 70. 

London takes 
bridge title 

Several national bridge players’ 
championships were played dur- 
ing the weekend at Birmingham. 
The senior event for Grand 
Masters was won by 
P.Czemiewski and B-J.Rigal. of 
London, with 697 match points. 

Other results: 

Lift? Masters: 1 . G HyettfNofUi-wKU 
a WP Crook tNomi.2-OSS: 2. Mrs M 
Armstrong & GS 

M of rail Warwickshire!. 1.972: 3. Mr i 
Mrs DA Klme ■ Herts). 1.903 

National Masters: 1. 1 Pendtetoury & 
Mrs p Rudolf iStaffsi. 1.750: 2. J 

Rudon & J Smith (Staffs). L. 7 1<K 3. 
ME .4 Mrs J P surenffe (Suffolk). 

_ Mrs JP 

Regional Masters: 1. M Rawlins & W 
Blackman t Hens I. 3.135: 2. J. Bacon & 

J Promt (London). 3.121 r 3. S Slakes 
I & L Lock I No Us 1. 3.088. 

■ Leicester) 

Latest wills 

The Hon Patrick Lindsay, of 
Chelsea. London, senior picture 
director of Christie's, left estate 
valued at f 5.401.387 reL He left 
it variously to his wife and 

Colonel Eric Langton Buder. of 
Pauingham. Staffordshire, a 
member of the Midland brewing 
family. William Butler, of 

Wolverhampton, left estate val- 
ued at £728,965 net. 

Other estates include (net. 
before tax paid): 

Dun das. Mrs Edith, of Gayion, 

. — £683,456 
Brooke. Mrs Emily Alma, of 
Crowbo rough. East Sussex 

. — £294,682 
Sower, Mrs Esme Dorothea. 
ofFamham. Surrey. ....£278,9 50 

Sale room 

National’s sell-out success 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 
Two Santa Claus outfits fcssional and amateur theatri- gentleman’s outfits from the 


were were sold for for £52 cal groups, costume 
(estimate £40-60) and a brown companies and schools. Every 
pantomime horse with a straw item found a buyer, even two 
hat raised £ 1 20 (estimate £50- complete parrot outfits made 
70) at a National Theatre £143 (estimate £100 to £150). 
auction on Sunday. The lowest price paid was 

Costumes fh>m old produc- £19.80 for a cream worsted 

.doublet with quilted sleeves 
(estimate £10-20), made for 
the ) 964 production of Othello 
at the Old Vic with Laurence 
Olivier in the title role. 

Sets of costumes raised the 
most money. Five Elizabethan 

tions were being sold with the 
help of Phillips auctioneers in 
order to raise funds for chari- 

The National's stalls were 
packed with casual collectors 
and representatives from pro- 

1979 As You Like It were sold 
for £209 (estimate £80-120), 
and 10 cockney girl’s cos- 
tumes from the 1983 panto* 
mime Cinderella raised at 
£221 (estimate* 100-200). 

The Chichester Festival 
Theatre was a big buyer, and 
Eton College secured two rich- 
ly trimmed eighteenth century 
gentlemen’s costumes from 
the 1984 production of Venice 
Preserv'd. The sale made a 
total of £17,304. 

The smallest violin in the world, half an inch high, which 
Martin ZahL the West German painter, made from IS sep- 
arate parts in eight months, wiU soon be a statistic in the 
Guinness Book of Records. 

Memorial service 

Lord Aldenham 

A memorial service for Lord 
Aldenham was held at St 
Michael’s, Comhill yesterday. 
The Rev Ronald Baker offici- 
ated. The Hon George Gibbs, 
son, read the lesson and Lord 
Aldenham, son, read from the 
works of Canon Scott Holland. 
Among those present were: 

wara«)«d w Mr 

fttciwtti plane. slrSiartii^^’Lfcdy 
Alexander. Str Edward and lady 
Studd. S*r Eric OusMBf (Sr Albans 
Cathedral man. Str Edmund and 
Str Frederick Mason. 

Mr D J supper (headmaster. 

fah iwin ,nri M ., 

Merchant Tasw? SdxwO and Mrs 
Supper. Mr Charles Brown (conml- 
tani. Gibbs Hartley Cooper) with Mr R 

S UdeO i direction: Mr R E Lfddtard 

• and Elstrre 

Mary Lady Aldenham (widow), the 

(Haberdashers* Company and EKree 

Schools). Cr H Fax (Leicester Untvar- 

Hon' Antonia Gibbs (daughter). Lady 

■Ion Mrs George 

Aktenltam and Ihe Hon . 

Gibbs (daughters- in-liwi. Piers and 

Gorin Gibbs (grandsons). Mrs Jean 

WoodrofTfe idsttf-ln-twl Mr and Mrs 
Rtchara Tyser (brother Inlaw and 
*isier-in-(aw). Mr Robert Tyser 
(brother-tn-taW). Sir Charles and Lady 

VlUiers (half brother and stster-lnJaw). 

Str Peter Wilkinson ihaUbroUter-in- 

laMri. Mis Michael Gordon-Letuiax. 

Mrs O Worsley. Miss - Alexandra 
Wilkinson. Colonel M St 4 V Gibbs. 
“FleW Marshal Sir Roland Gibbs. 
Priscilla Lady Bacon. Lord wraxau. 

Sir Ashley and Lady Ponsonby. Mr 

Jeremy Gibbs. Mr Roger Gibbs. Mr 

Christopher Gibbs. Mr and Mrs Denis 

Gibbs. Mr Bernard Gibbs. Mrs Henry 

Gibbs. Mr Julian Gibbs. Mr Peter 
Gibbs. Mr:' 
and Mrs ' 

Mr David < 

Robin Dunipace. Commander and Mrs 
Evan Ford. Mr Charles Ponsonby. Mr 
and Mrs Somerset Gibbs. 

The Chilean Ambassador, the Eari 
and Countess ^ o f Lindsey and 

tjtyl. Mbs Morwen HutchJnWMi^An^r 

Peruvian Society). Mr WUIL_.. 
Smithson lAnteo-Giflean Society). Mr 
John Hearn l director -general. Canning 

House). Mr Ralph Emery (chairman. 

i Club). Mr F Green f direct or. 
i Bank) and Mrs Green. Mr 

Basil Berkeley (managing director. 

Anton Underwriting Agencies. Mr A_ 

J Salveson (secretary. Aldenham 

_ ( se cretary. ^ 

branch. RN Association). Mr Hugh R 

Fergte (Qutiter Goodtjon Company). 

Mr A L M - -Baric tHMS Boadkcea 
Association l- -mi — Faroes Ttoior- 
(managing director. Unicom 
Organisation). Mr M J Carpenter 
(Banco ed Napoli). Mr P H Lawson 

(McKenna ana Company) with Mr and 

Mrs Patrick Caynor. 

judge and Mre Head, the Rev David 
Head. Mr William Harris. QC. Canon 
G R S RHsoiu Mr C Thornton. Mr 
Christopher McAbdne. Mr and Mrs A 
T LangdomDown. .Mr and Mrs S G 

Pomaruy. Mr NK»ei Ai m aus. Mr and 
“ Vadham. Mr Nicholas 

Mrs R N Wadhatn. Mr NKltolas 
wadham. Mr N A ' de Zoete- _ Mr 
Michael Todhunler. Mr R F Birch 

Abingdon. Vfa 

and Vwco antes* 

Dav entry, the Bishop of Truro and 
Mrs Muit 

lumfoni. the Dean of St Albans 

■also representing the Bishop of St . 
Albans). Lord and Lady ObUrain. 
Lord Seebohm. Lord NewaO (Master. 
Merchant Taylors' Company) and 
Lady NewaU with Mr H c Kunter- 

ReynaMson. Mr A A Tahbusiy Mr H 
H M Johnstone. Mr and Mrs M 
Uttngworth. Mr C J RoMnsaru.Mn 

Howard and Mr and Mrs Fergus 
WhUamson. ' • 

University news 



The following election has been 
made: CME Hazlewood to anmaii 
sdiPbnhlp from Michaelmas Term . 


The title and status of professor 
of industrial relations has been 
conferred on Mr JJ.Hugbes, 

reader in economics. 

The title and status, of reader In social 
anthropology has been conferred on 
Dr RF Ellen, senior lecturer ta> social 


The following honorary degrees 
will be conferred this yean 
LLD: Emeritus Professor Sir 
Roy Marshall, formerly vice- 
chancellor; Mr Pat Cook, first 
local ombudsman for the North; 
Mr William Black, university 

DSc (ecoaj: Sir Ronald Dealing, 
Chairman of the Post Office. 
DSc Dr John Heslop-Harrison, 
FRS; and Professor Alan Clarke, 
formerly professor of psychol- 
ogy at HulL 

DLitt Lady Antonia Fraser, 
writer and historian: Dr Harold 
Pinter, ptaywTKht; Professor 
Maurice Beresford, formerly 
professor of economic history at 
Leeds University. 

MA: Mr Donald Campbell 
formerly university director of 


Honorary degrees are to be 
conferred on the following: 

DSc Sir John Harvey-Jones, 
Chairman of 1C1; Sir Robbia 
fobs, director, 1C1; Dame Mar- 
garet Green, Chairman, General 
Optical Council. 

DLitt Jane Hope Brown, 
photographer, James ClaveU, 
author. Mr Gordon Moore, 
Chief Executive, Bradford 
Disnrict Council. 

DEng: Sir Francis Tombs, 
Chairman, Engineering Council 
Mr Howard H.W. Losty. Sec- 
retary, Institution of Electrical 
Engineers; Mr Brian Jefferson, 
Director General of Design 
Services, - Property Senria* 
Agency: Sir Robert Telford, Life 
President, Marconi; Professor 
J.T.Rjchardson, University of 
Wales, Swansea. 

MEng: Mr William C Beattie, 
Clothing and Allied Products 
Industry Training Board. 

MA: Councillor Mohammed 
Ajeeb. Lord Mayor of Bradford; 
Mr Thomas A Last, solicitor; 
and Mr J. Roysian Moore, 
Chairman, Bradford Health 


Mr Plaid Mosley, reader m 
economics at Bath University, 
to be- professor of overseas 
adminis trative . studies 
Professor J AAcnold. professor 
of accounting at the university, 
to be Peat Marwick professor 
of accounting. 



The trustees of the St Luke's 
College Foundation have ap- 
pointed Dr P S UzzelL . senior 
lecturer in education in the 
university, to be director of the 
college, in succession to Profes- 
sor j C Dancy, who retires on 
September 30. 

Science report 

‘Eating for two’ diet challenged 

By a Special Correspondent 

The adage that pregnant women 
should -eat for two" is being 

questioned by a medical re~ 
p in S< 

search group in Scotland. They 
have started the second part of 
an investigation Into the nu- 
tritional value of various diets 
for both mothers and babies 
daring the 38 weeks of gestation. 

After the most extensive study 
reported on the amount of 
energy consumed by women 
during different stages of preg- 
nancy, Professor John Donun, 
of Glasgow University’s physiol- 
ogy department, and Dr Fiona 
McKillOp have produced more 
questions than answers. 

For a start, they [bond that 
most of their subjects consumed 
for less energy than predicted. 

So with the help of general 
practitioners in Glasgow they 
are inviting people in the area 
planning who become pregnant 
(o join the study. 

The scientists have devised a 
new technique to measure the 

levels of energy needed for 

comparison with the theoretical 
extra energy requirements. 

According to textbook 
calculations, a pregnancy which 
produces a healthy baby, with a 
mother who breast feeds the 
infant successfully, should mean 
a consumption of an extra 
80,000 calories over the period 
of gestation. 

Monitoring of 70 women over 
the first five-year period pro- 
duced results which were " ail 
over the place". Professor 
Dornin said . One in four of 
(hose taking part made do with 
only 20,000 extra calories. 

Many factors can influence 
the nutritional needs of a preg- 
nant woman, apart from her 
weight gam and Oat deposition 
daring pregnancy. They include 
the level of morning richness, 
the energy content of her diet, 
the food-energy conversion rale, 
the amount of physical activity 
and her pregnancy body fat and 
water levels. 

Theoretical calculations allow 

for the development of the baby, 
the placenta and an additional 
eight to ten pounds In fat that 
the mother needs herself to 
accommodate the change. 

Determination of the energy 
needed for this purpose was 
based on an instrament ' that 
records the basal metabolic rate. 
This is a way of assessing the 
chemical turnover of the body 
for breathing, circulation and 
digestion by looking at the rate 
at which oxygen b consumed. 

A more refined measurement 
will be adopted in the second 
study by measuring the amounts 
of oxygen and the deuterium 
form of hydrogen in the urine of 
the subjects. 

. The biochemistry is straight- 
forward but time-coostuning. 
But it provides a more precise 
measure of the amount of oxygen 
absorbed. The research team is 
hoping to attract 200 volunteers. 
It would not be possible to 
measure these variables on a few 

Royal Ascot 

The list for applications opened 
on January 1- Those wishing to 
apply for Royal Enclosure 
vouchers should do so person- 
ally. in writing, to Her Majesty’s 
Representative, The Ascot Of- 
fice, St James’s Palace, London, 
SWIA IBP, at any time before 
April 30, stating the full names 
of those members of their 
families who require vouchers 
and their ages if between 1 6 and 
25 years. _ 

New applicants must apply 
before March 31 and will be sent 
forms which should be com- 
pleted and signed by a sponsor 
who has been granted admission 
to the Royal Enclosure for At 
least eight previous -years- No 
forms will be considered if they 
are returned late or incomplete. 

In the event of the list of new 
applicants being over-sub- 
scribed. ii may be necessary to 
hold a ballot for Gold Cup Day 
on June 19- If this should occur, 
new applicants will be informed 
of the result in May. 

In the enclosure ladies will 
wear formal day dress with a 
hat which must cover the crown 
of the head, and gentlemen will 
wear morning dress with top bat 
or service dress. 


HM Government 
Mr Timothy Raison. MP, Min- 
ister for Overseas Development, 
was host at a luncheon nek! at 
Duke’s Hotel St James's Place, 
yesterday in honour of Mr 
Babacar N’Diaye. . 
Goatmoowealdi Parliamentary 

Sir Robin Vanderfelt, Secretary- 
General of the Commonwealth 
Parliamentary Association, and 
Lady Vanderfelt gave a buffet 
luncheon yesterday at 7 Old 
Palace Yard in honour of visit- 
ing students from Bermuda. 
Guernsey, the Isle of Man and 

Jersey and other 
London to celebrate 



wealth Day. 


Lord Shackteton 
Lord Shackteton, Chairman of 
the East European Trade Coun- 
cil presided at a dinner in 
honour of Mr Anthony Hons on 
his retirement from the council 
held at the House of Lords last 
night. Among those present 

Mm ARB Hot*. Lard 

Peter Tennant. Dr NS WoodUm. Mr J 

Caines and Mr L Friedman. 

Justices’ Clerics' Society 
Mr P.K. Dodd, President of the 
Justices’ Clerks' Society, and 
members of the council gave a 
dinn er at the Law Society's Hall 
Iasi night. The guests included: 

Lord HaUsMun of St ManMm. CM. 
Lord El wytv Junes. CH. Lort Lana. 
Lord Denning. Sir John Arnold, tbr 

MP. Sir Patrick 

Str Derek OuHoa. Dr Denis 

6ray. Mr J L Bowron. Mr Robert 
Alexander. QC. Mr David HopJdn. 
Major Peter Oarke. Mr Barry Rose. 
Mr Geoffrey Norman. Mr Brian 
Cooke. Mr W J Bohan, past presidents 
and honorary members. 

Diplomatic and Commonwealth 
Writers Association 
Mr Neil Kinnocfc, Leader of the 
Labour Party, and Mr Austen 
Kark. Managing Director of 
BBC External Soviets, were the 
guests of honour at the annual 
dinner of the .Diplomatic and 
Commonwealth Writers Associ- 
ation of Britain held last night at 
Butchers’ HalL Mr John Osman, 
president of the association, was 
in the chair. Other guests in- 
cluded the Ambassador of Ku- 
wait, the Ambassador of 
Portugal the Acting High 
Commissioner for New Zealand 
and ibe Deputy S««retaiy-Gen- 
cral of the Commonwealth. . . 

Chartered Institute of Transport 
Mr Pierre Franche, Executive 
rVTce-FresTde n f ' and Chief 
Operating Officer, Marine 
Industrie, delivered the Philip 
Henman overseas lecture "Pas- 
senger rail in Canada: an his- 
toric system at the crossroads” 
to the Chartered Institute of 
Transport at the Royal Institute 
of British Architects yesterday 
evening. The president, Mr JJv. 
Stuart, presided and afterwards 
entertained the speaker at din- 

Royal College of Physicians 
Princess' Anne was admitted as 
an Honorary Fellow of the 
Royal College of Physicians 
yesterday evening and was 
entertained at dinner afterwards 
by Sir Raymond Hoffenberg, 
president, and fellows and 
members of the college: 

Service dinners 

Oxford University RN Officers 
Officers of the Royal Navy at 
Oxford University held a mess 
dinner in the Alington Room, 
University College, last- night 
Mr RJ. Asquith, RN. (St Peter's 
College) presided and Admiral 
Sir Peter Stanford, Commander- 
In-Chief, Naval Home Com- 
mand. was the guest ofhonour. 
Others present included Dr 

DJ.C Cunningham. Vice-Mas- 
ETSity College, and 

ter of University _ 
Captain G.M. Tuflis, Ca ptain of 
Britannia Royal Naval College. 

RAF Dinnis Society 
Mr LS. McDonald was the guest 
of honour at a dinner given by 
the RAF* Club Dining Society 
held last night &uhe RAF Club. 
Flight Lieutenant LJLH. Wfl- 
liams presided. . 

Wycombe Abbey 

sixth form scholarships: Rina 




Historian of the Middle East 

Wi* ter 

- Miss Eizabeih Monroe, 
CMG, the journalist and his- 
torian of foe recent past in the 
Middle Easi died yesterday at 

She was boro on January 16, 
1905, the daughter of Canon 
Horace Monroe, Vicar of 
Wimbledon, and was educat- 
ed at Putney High School and 
the Society of Horne Students 

students them 

(later Si Anne’s College), Ox- 


After a short spell with the 
Secretariat of the League of 
Nations in Geneva she ob- 
tained a post in Chatham 
House where she worked with 
Arnold Toynbee on his Annu- 
al Survey of international 
Affairs. It was through him 
that she had her first taste of 
authorship, being commis- 
sioned to collaborate with A. 
H. M. Jones in A History of 
Abyssinia which appeared in. 
1935, the year of the Italian 

Meanwhile, thanks to a 
Rockefeller fellowship, she 
had travelled widely in North 
Africa and the Middle East, 
the outcome of her travels 
being her first indepedeut 
book, The Mediterranean in 
Politics (1938). a srndy of the 
imperial policies in that area, 
of Britain. France and Italy. 
This, like all her books, was 
well written and well argued, 
and has survived die empires 
it describes. 

After the outbreak of war 
Elizabeth Monroe joined the 
Minisuy of Information 
erabte talent for ore 



te Hx& hifint* 

She became for the m ranc h 
more than a fifflW Of ^pervt- 

■ career suitable to 
so that tteTwodd, 

the Middle Easaaa worid, w 

studded with iai«:awl «om- 

en. many in important posi- 
tions, who owe her a of 

In I963appra«d 
work of^cholarsfep.^rtxtan s 
Moment in the Mwek.East, 

1914-1956 , and ten vears later 

ending up as Director of the philby of Arabia,* mpgr^pny 
Middle East Division of the gf one of the more eccentric 
Ministry. She .was now in- performers dpriagAl mo* 
crearingly drawp towards a^ni, St John the 

journalism, acting for a time Arabian traveller and writer 
as Diplomatic Correspondent iwi father of Kan PhiUrfl 
of The Observer before joining . . „ 

the staff of The Economist , , Bolh ¥ SLJ e SSi 

where she remained from 

1945 until 1 958, writing main- have follow ed than tad not 
ly about the Middle East. Elizabeth Monroebeen 
.Almost every year she visit- those who m retirement 


ed the area; there were few 
who knew its politicians and 
officials better or wrote about 
it with more sense. 

Academic work overlapped 
with journalism. She acted for 
a time as Bursar of her old 
college, of which she ■ was 
made an honorary fellow, and 
with Albert Hourani she for 
many years ran the Centre for 
Middle East Studies at St 
Anthony's College, of which 
she was a fellow from 1965 to 

vaie activity rather than In- 
sure. Her eneray was snhost 
inexhaustible. Hwr knowledge 
of literature, music, paintring* 
needlework, politics, persqn- 
aliues and cooking was exten- 
sive and continually being 
extended. She eqjoyed bei life 
and encouraged others to en- 
joy theirs. 

She married in 1938 Hum- 
phrey Neame, the ophthalmic 
surgeon, who died in 1968. 
She was appointed CMG in 


Alick Sydney Dick, former 
managing director of the Stan- 
dard Triumph motor compa- 
ny, has died at the age. of 69. 

He became head of Stan- 
dard Triumph when he was 
still in his 30s and held the job 
for seven years during which 
time he introduced the fam- 
ous Triumph Herald saloon as 
well as developing the Tri- 
umph sports car range. 

But he left the company in 
1961 after it was taken over by 
Leyland Motors and he never 
held a leading job in the 
British motor industry again. 

Dick was born . in 
Massingham, Norfolk, on 
Jane 20, 1916, the son of a 
doctor, and educated at 
Chichester High School and 
Dean Close School Chelten- 
ham. He joined the then 
Standard Motor Company as 
an apprentice in 1934. He was 
soon promoted and became 
chief buyer for the company’s 
aero-engine' shadowfaclbries. ’ 

During the Second World 
War he was production con- 
trol engineer of both the 
company’s Coventry factories, 
then engaged on aircraft and 
aero-engine production. 

In 1945, after the merger of 
Standard with the Triumph 
company, Dick was appointed 
personal assistant to the man- 
aging director. Sir John Black. 
In 1947 he joined the board 
and became assistant manag- 
ing director. From 1951 to 

1954 Dick - .was / deputy 
manging director and te suc- 
ceeded to the top job in 
January 1954, when Blade was 
forced to retire after Sustaining 
serious injuries in. a 'car acci- 
dent . ! - 

Dick was then oi^37 and a 
hrilMt cafe soaned “fo lie 
ahead. For arime all wentwell 
and he 
young, dynamic image, and 
seldom out of the headlines. 

It soon became dear that 
there was no place for Dk» $h 
the new company and afljer a 

fewroonths ftercrigned. The 
parting was officially -de- 
scribed as amicable, but there 
were fundamental differences 
of personality and approach 
between the flamboyant Deck 
and the more -cautious and 
stolid Leyland boss, Sir Henry 

Fbr a time Dick sevand all 
connections with ear making 
and after a period out of work 
took jobsin the machine fools 
and electronics industries. -For 
five years he was managing 
director of Royston Indus- 
tries, the firm which made the 
Midas (fight recorder. 

He returned to the mdflbr 
industry in 1968, taking a part- 
time job -as a purchasing 
consultant to the Wesr Ger- 
man_jxHnpany, Volkswagen. 
His rote was. to develop the 

f—nuftcage British enm- 

freewne J^lphncnts for Volkswagen cars 
presenting a bus his two roomed office in 
Cpvenfry iwas a far cry from 
hw eariter career when he was 

But despite the acclaim for die youngest man to head a 
the Triumph Herald, a very. inajpr_Britista car company. 

advanced car forits time; the 
company was not big enough 
to survive on its own and 
eventually it was swallowed 
up by Leyland, then solely a 
manufacturer of commercial 

He married Betty Melinda 
HHl in 1940 and the marriage 
produced three sons. He was 
president of the Society of 
Motor Manufacturers and 
Traders, in 1957. 


Jacob Javits, the former 
United States Senator, who 
has died at the age of 82, was 
one of the most successful 
vote-winners and most effec- 
tive politicians in the Senate 
of his time. He was for many 
years an influential member of 
the Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee and was also one 
of the laa of the now almost 
extinct line of liberal Republi- 

Indeed, he was so far to the 
liberal Left on many issues as 
to constitute an anomaly even 
by the standards of what was 
then called the Rockefeller 
wing of the Republican Party, 
.after Governor Nelson Rocke- 
feller of New York. 

Jacob Koppel Javits was 
bom in New York City in 
1904 and grew up at a time 
when many progressives there 
in the tradition of Theodore 

supporter of civil rights for 
Mack people, and later, of 
equal opportunities for wom- 

A leading critic of the 
Vietnam War, he was the chief 
architect of the War Powers 
Act of 1973, which sought to 
restrict the President’s power 
to make war without Congres- 
sional approval 7 

The shift to the right both in 
the Republican Party and in 
Jewish circles in New York 

dan whose base was an iron 
grip on the voters of New 
York City. 

A leading supporter oflsra- 
el Javits took great pains to 
stay in touch with all the 

elected both in 1 962 and a g ain 
in 1968 by more than a 
million votes, and in 1974 by a 
comfortable margin in a three- 
way contest, in 1980.. he was 
beaten in the Republican. pri- 
mary. ; 

He then ran as a candidate 

in LUC uauiuuu ui jutwoic stay m tOUCh With all the eu »«(!*» at aiiUHiiue 

Roosevelt felt at home in the jurhulent currents-ofL- Jewish .-gotesniallNew York liberal 
Republican Party. He gradual- ophuon in New York City. He was overwhelmed 

ed from. New York University 
in 1926, and began to practise 
law the following year, 
specialising in courtroom 

He was elected to Congress 
in 1946, and six years later to 
the Senate. He swiftly proved 
.an exceptionally skilful politi- 

played an important support- 
ing part in the battle over the 
Jackson Amendment in 1974, 
which sought to make trade 
concessions with the Soviet 
Union conditional on in- 
creased Jewish emigration 
from Russia. 

He was. an- equally strong 

by the conservative Republi- 
can, Alfouse D’ Amato. 

Franz Karasek, who 1 was 
Secretary General of the 
Council of Europe from- 1979 
to 1984, has died at the amfif 
61, It has been reponedtfdm 
Vienna. -- , 



A selection Bom oar 15 sales in London this week. 

Jewellery and Antique Jewellery: TOfednesday 12 
March at 11 «-m. and 2.30 p.m^ King Street: Two pieces 
from the Arts anti Crafts movement by Henry Wilson, 
recently cm loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum, 
highlight this sale. Both date from the early part of tins 
century. Among other items are a 16th century gold ring 
recently excavated from a leek patch in Yorkshire. Historical 
pieces include a portrait cameo of die Duke of Cumberland . 
engra^wihttenameofdwHaiKwerianspy Philipvoii •: 
Stoscfa. ‘ 7 ' 

a good range of instruments in a more easilv affotdabkrprice 
bracket whichshould be of particular interest to young 
players and students. The highKgbt is a fine violin dated: 
from around 1600 by G. P. Maggfoi in excellent condition 
and possessing fine tonal qualities. - 

Fine English Drawings and Watetooloors; 

Tuesday 18 March at 11 a.m., : — 
interest ansi* 

8 March at 11 a.m., King Street :' Of partiriilar 
the three watercolours of the Battle of \ •: 

am W;,. I. T. ■_ >u* 

Fine Chinese Export Porcelain: Wednesday 12 
March at 10.30 aan. and 2-30 p-m-, King Street: The 
outstanding item in this sale isapair of three-foot high 
Chinese Imari armorial beaker vases made for the French 
market — the only other recorded pair being at Versailles. 
Other items include a selection of armorial porcelai n made 
for F.n gKsh and Continental families. 

Fine Musical Instruments and Printed Music: 
Tuesday 18 March at 2 p.m^ King Street: This sale offers ; 

awinfe from the late 1780s. Fine examples of 
3hical watercoloiirsW^ka — i ±L _ r 

English topographical watenxdom crftltose^dqua^of 

the Ah -century, mduding landscapes by Bonmgtdn and 
T.5. Soys, are well represented. 

Viewing: King Street: TOrekdays 9 a.m.- 4.45 n m. 
Enquiries: (01) 839 9060 P **9* 

South Kensington: 

Mondays 9 ajn. - 7 pjn. 

. Tuesday to Friday 9amo. - 4.45 p. m 
Enqphies; (01)581 7611 " 

Christie’s have 25 offices throughout the UK. If you would like to knowtfae name of your nearest rezmsenrarivu 
please telephone Caroline Treffgame on (01) 588 4424- - . . . .* 

V. Y. 


i i* 








- i 


■ - a 





f’W - . l 

1 i < 

i i 





At-* | y*\jab 



Freshfields are looking for able and energetic lawyers to join their Company/ 
Commercial and Real Property Departments. 

Company &: Commercial 

Applicants should have at 
least two years’ post-qualification 
experience in the Company/ 
Commercial field. The job will 
include corporate finance and 
other work of high quality in the 
financial markets. Future' 
opportunities exist for assignment 
to an overseas office. 

Real Property 

While some post- 
qualification experience is 
preferred newly admitted 
applicants will certainly be 
considered for these positions. 
Sound academic backgrounds 
coupled with good commercial 
judgement are necessary' 

In both departments excellent career opportunities exist for those wishing to 
further their experience in a taxing yet intellectually stimulating environment. 

If you wish to apply, or would like to discuss your suitability, please write to or 
telephone David R,ance at:- Freshfields, Grindail House, 25 Newgate Street, London 
EC1 A 7LH Telephone:01-606 6677 


A key career opportunity contributing to a new venture 

by a substantial practice. 

The opportunity to handle varied criminal cases . 
in the fast-moving environment of Londonls now 
open to capable lawyers interested m specialising in 
the challenging area of criminal advbcacy. 

The Crown Ptosedition Service, will, as part of the 
Department of the Director of Public Prosecutions, 
monitor ail charges brought by the police. Members 
of the CPS will decide whether court' proceedings are 
appropriate in individual cases and, if so, conduct 
such cases for the prosecution. 7 - , . . 

As a Crown Prosecutor you will work in an 
environment where your decisions count; 
you will swiftly accrue a unique and 
valuable range of criminal law . 

experience. t <| 

Vacancies are cnrrently available ^ iP 

in London, similar appointments for 

. the regions win be advertised at a later date. 

Salary: as Crown Prosecutor & 10, 500-S 15.000. 
Starting salary according to qualifications and 
experience, in addition, posts in the London area 
attract London weighting as follows: Inner 5 1365. 
Intermediate £765, Outer £545 per annum. 

For further details and an application form (to be 
returned by 4 April 1986) write to Civil Service 
Commission, AJencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants 
RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). 

- Please quote ref: G( 1)942. 

I 'U jT J The Civil Service is an equal 
JjjmrmlL* opportunity employer 


A major provincial practice will establish a London 
office in Summer 1986. They seek a commer- 
cially minded and ambitious solicitor to under- 
take a caseload based upon USM, management 
buy-out. acquisition and disposal work on behalf 
of their public and private company clientele. 

The successful individual is likely to be tw o-three 
years admitted, aged 28-32 and have a City 
training. Self confidence and an energetic ap- 
proach are prerequisites. 

Salary is negotiable and career prospects are 
excellent for this rare opportunity to play a 
leading role in an expanding practice. 

If you wish to discuss this opportunity telephone 
Christopher Rigby on 01-405 6852 or write to 
Reuter Simkin Ltd quoting Ref: CR/C208 at 
26-2S Bedford Row, London WC1R 4HE. 

Applications will be treated in strictest 




Wfe are looking for intelligent self-motivated 
and hard-working lawyers to join a busy team 
in our fast expanding Company department 

Applicants should have a good academic 
background, with 2 to 3 years' experience as 
a solicitor, preferably with a City firm. 

The variety of work is stimulating and 
demanding, involving client contact at Board 
level; and the rewards, professionally and 
financially, are very attractive. 

Career prospects are excellent. 

If you would Bke to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to Michael 
Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion Street 
London EC2M2RJ. . - * 


The changes in the City s financial markets present new 
opportunities and challenges for lawyers as well as for 
financial institutions. 

To help us meet these challenges we need more talented young 
solicitors in the following fields: 




For solicitors with good academic record and commercial law 
experience, preferably in the City, who want stimulating 
and innovative work, we have much to offer. Employment 
conditions and career prospects are excellent. 

Please send details of your career, including a daytime 
telephone number, to Keith Clark. Coward Chance. 

Royex House. Aldermanbury Square . London EC2V7LD. 



£12.168 - £13,308 

We wish lo appoint an additional Assis- 
tant Solicitor in the Legal and General 
Section of the County Solicitor's Branch - 
to undertake advice and advocacy in re- 
spect of licensing, firearms, complaints. E 
etc. for ihe Police (the functions which will I 
not transfer from the Country' prosecuting j 
Solicitor's Office to the new Crown Prose- K 
cution Service): to advise and represent j 
Social Services in child care and such pro- j 
ceedings; and to provide support for the I 
common law work for this office. ? 

Applications are invited from qualified 
Solicitors with an aptitude for advocaq'. 
Experience of work for a local authority 
and/or the police would be an advantage. 

For application forms and further partic- 
ulars please write to: 

The Chief Executive and Clerk, (County Hall, 
Martineau Lane, Norwich, NR120H; or 
telephone Norwich 611122, ExL 5337. 
The closing date for receipt of completed 
applications will be 2nd April. 




Property Lawyers 

Simpson Curtis is a substantial commercial law firm serving a full 
range Ebusiness clients, including numerous PLCs. We are growing 
rapidly and have a particular requirement for company/commercial 

and property lawyers. - 

ideally you wilt have had appropriate experience, but if you are a 
recently qualified lawyer and would like to. specialise in one of these 
y m aregs we wou , d ^11 |j ke to hear from you. 

Salaries and prospects are excellent We think we will be able to 
satisfy your career ambitions. 

Interviews will be held In London or Leeds. 

Please telephone or write to Richard Lee or Nigel McClea 

Simpson Curtis ~ 


41 Park Square - Leeds LSI 2NS ■ Telephone (0532) .433433 

Other offices: Brussels. Hong Kong. Singapore, Dubai, Sharjah. 
Bahrain, Saudi Arabia. 

Young Solicitor 

International company and commercial law 
in a dynamic high-tech environment 

As one of the woricT s leading computer 
systems manufacturers, NCR has built a 
powerful international trading base - the 
perfect foundation for further growth. 

The European Legal Department at our 
London office is now seeking a young 
lawyert under 30) with at least 2 years' 
relevant post-qualification experience. A 
professorial who can make a significant 
contribution on a broad rangeof legal 
issues. These will indude negotiation and 
draftingof contracts, litigation and advice 
on commercial and company law. 
including intellectual property and 
personnel matters, 

Your responsibilities will extend beyond 
the UK and you should be prepared for 
occasional foreign travel within Europe. 
You will also be required to liaise with and. 
on occasions, advise NCR Corporation's 

Law Department in the USA. 

You must have a good knowledge of 
commercial and company law and should 
possess a high standard of draftsmanship, 
ideally you will have had exposure to an 
international marketing environment and 
will have spent time in the commercial law 
department of a substantial firm of 
solicitors. Experience of the electronics'* 
high-tech sector would be an advantage 
as would fluency in ora good working 
knowledge of another European language. 
A salary of c. £18-19.000 will be offered 
plus an attractive package of benefits 
inducting non-contributory pension scheme. 
Pleasewrite with full C.v. including 
details of current salary to: Cath Murphy. 
Personnel Manager. NCR Ltd. .' 

206 Maryiebone Road London 



upwards of £16,000 pju 

Following a dissolution of partnership, a sole 
practitioner (aged 40}. operating from substan- 
tial premises in a very pleasant part of 
Southampton. is looking for a solicitor with 
whom he can share his heavy work load. 

Current fee earnings more than justify this 

The work will be a mi\ of divorce, litigation 
and conveyancing. There is a small and cflcc- 
iivc back-up team. 

Candidates should be aged around thirty. They 
should he ambitious and therefore looking for 
partnership opportunities within two years. 

As a first step applicants, not necessarily with 
local connections, should write to Mr David 
Whaiely (who himself qualified as a Solicitor) 
with details of their careers. The reference lo 
quote is No. 631. 


Executive Selection. 

6. Martin Lane. London. / 


Complete computer systems 

!? 3tib hr'* u <* a p> ** 3 a % £ w £ 8/1? ?So>i p K-* s SOio'^S. 

A Long UK Tradition 

General Motors has been an integral 
part of British industry since 1925. 

In that year we acquired VauxhalL In 1931 
we began building Bedford commercial 

In good times and bad, in peace and in 
war, we have gone on investing in Britain. 
Producing in Britain. Exporting for Britain. 
Providing thousands of jobs. 

In our 60 years we have produced 
5 million Vauxhalls. At Bedford we have 
built 3.5 million commercial vehicles. 

We also make a wide range of com- 
ponents in the UK. 

Humble items like filler caps and air 
filters. High-technology items such as 
instrument clusters and catalytic convert- 
ers. Nearly three-quarters of this output is 

Stesources, Research and Development 

General Motors is one of the world’s 
most successful motor manufacturers. It 
leads the field in many areas of research, 
development and the application of new 

GM’s British operations have access to 
those worldwide resources and capabilities. 
Capabilities that gave the motorist the 
energy absorbing steering column, the 
multi-beam headlamp and safety wind- 
screen glass and that now contribute to 
space exploration. 

It is GM’s technical excellence in the 
UK, as elsewhere, that is keeping the 
Corporation at the leading edge of new 
product design and the manufacturing 
systems to make those designs. 

Some UK Milestones. 

1925 Vauxhall joins the GM family of companies 

1930 ‘Cadet launched - first fruits of GM’s investment 

1931 First Bedford truck produced ' ' 

1939-45 250,000 Bedford trucks and 5,640 Churchill tanks produced 

during World War II 

1947 Bedford first British manufacturer to make 500,000 trucks 
1969 New 700 acre proving ground opened at MDJbrook, Bedfordshire 
1978 The 3 millionth Bedford commercial vehicle produced 

1981 Bedford celebrates 50 years of making British trucks 

1982 1500,000th Bedford exported 

1984 Cavalier best-selling car in its class 

1985 Astra wins *Car of the Year** 

GM’s commitment to Britain in the year included: 

•• £395m in exports (up 25% over 1984) 

• £l,OO0m of British goods and services 

• 100,000 people employed, directly and indirectly 

# £2 90m in wages and salaries ^ v 

# playing our pari ^ the co mmunit y (for example bv tra inin g 

600 young people full-time) - . • 

* "Car of the Year’ is organised by Telegraph Sunday Magazine, Autoroute. Autorisie. L’Equipe, Stem and VI BSagare. 

Production and Marketing Skills 

Quality and value are GM watch- 
words in the quest to succeed in a highly 
competitive worldwide marketplace. 

It is with these criteria in mind that 
GM has invested over £12 billion in the UK 
in the past decade. 

The Cavalier has a superb reputation 
for quality Vauxhall sales figures prove the 
point The Astra, in car and van versions, 
is another success story - in market 
acceptance and in helping to maintain 
employment in the depressed Northwest at 
Ellesmere Port 

Bedford has gone on competing. 
Nearly half its truck output is exported. 
And all this despite over-capacity in the 

world commercial vehicle market 

UK component operations, with 
advanced design and manufacturing as 
good as any in the world, export over 70% 
of their output. 

GM is proud of the tradition of its 
British companies. It plans to 
build on that tradition. 

Into the 21st Century 

®tors.The name behind a great British family. 


f. t \ 


.til j 

TUESDAY MARCH 1 t 1 osa* 



FT 30 Share 

1305.6 (-3.2) 


1572.2 (-1.6) 


US dollar 

1.4430 (-0.0120) 

W German mark 

3.2879 (+0.0316) 


73.7 (urtoh.) . 

rises 88% 

Mr Rupert Murdoch’s 
News International group yes-, 
terday announced pretax prof- 
its up 88 per cent in the last six 
months of 1 985 . to £34.5 

The group, which owns The 
Times. The Sun. News of the 
World and The Sunday 
Times , said it did not expect 
the present dispute with print 
unions to have a “significantly 
adverse” impact on profits in 
the first half of this year. 

The pretax profits were up 
to £34.476 million from 
£18.728 million in the last half 
of 1984. The board said the 
-A increase was due to a better 
’ trading performance. 

The shares rose £1 to £10. A 
4.8662p interim dividend was 
declared against 5.2545p last 

£1.6bn jet 

International Aero Engines, 
the five-nation jet engine con- 
sortium which includes Rolls- 
Royce, has won orders worth 
Si .6 billion (£1.1 billion) from 
six airlines. 

1AE was formed to produce 
■ the V2500 turbo-fin engine, a 
new generation power plant 
. for the next range of 150-seat 
•* commercial passenger jets. - 
Mr Ralph Robins, manag- 
ing director of Rolls-Royce 
and the incoming chairman of 
LAE, said yesterday drat die 
V2500 was on course to gain 
its airworthiness certificate ur 
April, 1988, and to enter 
service powering the Airbus 
Industrie A320 a year later. 

TDG higher 

Transport Development 
Group’s pretax profits jumped 
by 23 per cent to £29.7 million 
in 1985. Earnings per share, 
rose from J0.8p to I2.4p and 
the dividend is increased from 

Tempos, page 19 

Arms chief 

Royal Ordnance, the state- 
owned arms manufacturer 
which is due to be privatized 
in July, has appointed Mr 
Roger Pinningion of Norcros 
as its chief executive from 
April 1. 

Glass deal 

Pilkington Brothers, the 
glass manufacturer, is acquir- 
ing the North American glass 
manufacturing and processing 
business of Libbey-Owens- 
Ford in exchange for its 29.5 
• percent bolding in LOF. 

Tempos, page 19 

Yarrow ahead 

Yarrow says its forecast 
extraordinary loss provision 
of £500.000 will be reduced 
significantly after the sate of 
its gilts portfolio. The compa- 
ny reported pretax profits of 
£1.06 million in the six 
months to December 31 com- 
pared with £578.000 a year 
earlier. The interim dividend 
is doubled to 5p. 

Argyll stake 

i Argyll Group, through its 
7 merchant bankers, Samuel 
Montagu and Charterhouse 
Japhei, has raised its 
stake in Distillers to 13.22 per 
cent by buying. 1.65 million 
more shares” 

Broker bought 

Australia and New Zealand 
Banking Group yesterday 
raised its stake in Capel Cure 
Myers, the stockbroker, from 
29.9 per cent to full owner- 
ship. The purchase price was 
not disclosed. 

Factory prices continue to 
rise desnite falling costs 

Industry’s costs dropped 
sharply last month, as the 
pound steadied and electricity 
costs fell Over the past 12 
months, industry’s input 
.prices have plunged by nearly 
10 per cent. 

In contrast, the prices 
charged by manufacturing in- 
dustry continue to increase. 
Last month there wasa Q.4 per 
.cent rise in . output - prices, 
compared with 0.6 per cent in 
January. 'But the 12-month 
rate dropped from 52 per cent- 
to 5 per cent, the smallest rise 
since the current statistical 
series began in 1974. 

The gap between industry's 
material costs and factory gate 
prices suggests that firms are 
likely to enjoy a substantial- 
profits bonus as a result of 
lower commodity and energy 
costs. But one-reason for the 
continued rise in output prices 
is that wage costs are growing 
at an underlying rate or nearly 
9 per cent in manufacturing. * 

Manufacturing industry's 

input prices fell by 1.2 per cent 
last month. New tariff ar- 
rangements for electricity 
meant that the post- winter fill 
in charges came through earli- 
er than usual. 

The pound was steady 
against the dollar, the average 
exchange: rate for the month 
showing a rise of 0.3 per cent 
and this, in combination with 
weak world prices, produced a 

fill in industry's imported raw 
material costs. 

There was also a substa ntial 
fill in the posted prices of 
petroleum products. Officials 
said that the effects of the 
three factors were roughly 
equal in producing the fall in 
input prices, c- . 

Compared with February 
last year, input prices have 
fallen by 9.5 per cent, the 

biggest i 2-month fill since the 
1950s. In January, input 
prices were down by 7 per cent 

The February figures may 
represent the low point In 
March last year, as the effects 
of the pound’s recovery came 
through, input prices fell by 
1.5 per cent. A larger decline 
than this would be needed to 
push the 12-month fill above 
February’s 9.5 percent. 

However, further oil price 
and electricity price declines 
have still to come through to 
the figures and the pound, 
while volatile, has remained 
above its February average 
against the dollar so fir in 

The drop in producer prices 
will feed through to lower 
retail price inflation in the 
coming months. The Chancel- 
lor will publish a new inflation 
forecast in the Budget next 
week and is expected to stick 
to his prediction of 3.75 per 
cent inflation in the fourth 

Tin prices reach lowest 
point for nine years 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Tin prices on the grey 
market, now rapidly becom- 
ing the real market, fell to 
around £5,250 a tonne yester- 
day, their lowest for nine years 
and £1,000 below the settle- 
ment price set by the London 
Metal Exchange. 

The weakness in advance of 
tomorrow's “ring out” on the 
LME, when all contracts be- 
tween members and between 
members and their clients 
must be settled in cash at the 
fixed price of £6,250 a tonne, 
is bound to raise more ques- 
tions about the wisdom of the 
LME*s solution to -tire tin 

A ruling price significantly 
out of line with the market 

LME*s chief executive, admit- 
ted. yesterday that the ex- 
change expects suits to be 
bought against it 

But one broker in the thick 
of the crisis, Gerald Metals — 
its managing director, Mr 
Ralph Kestenbaum, was one 
of the authors of the rejected 
Tinco rescue plan — said 
yesterday, that it had ample 
resources to cover losses likely 
to be incurred from the ring 

The device is called a ring 
out when all members of the 
CTchang R settle outstanding 
contracts at a fixed price. This 
was used in June, 1985 after 
the Internationa] Tin Council 
buffer stock manager, Mr 
Pieter de Koning, had success- 

price may also increase the 
risk of disgruntled holders of fully squeezed speailators try 
contracts bringing legal ac- ing to force the price down, 
tions against the exchange: Officially the ITC has not 

Mr Michael Brown, the given up hope that the Tinco 

plan can be revived Delegate 
sources said yesterday that 
they were waiting to hear 
formally from Indonesia and 
Thailand that they had turned 
down weekend requests to 
reconsider their rejection of 
the scheme. 

The sources said that, 
should Indonesia join the 
scheme, Thailand was likely 
to follow. India, which had 
reserved its position, would 
also join in. 

The sources added that 
Brazil which, although not a 
member of the ITC, has 
become a substantial tin pro- 
ducer in recent years, had 
shown interest in participating 
in Tinco. 

But most brokers and bank- 
ers are sceptical. They are 
bracing themselves for 
tomorrow's round of what one 
called “bloodletting. 


G Wirnpey 


Ayrshire Metal 
Ransomes Sons 



Heiica) Bar 


„ AG Stanley 

Parker Knoll A 
News Inti 

Ward White 


467p +29 

"IBTp +14 

220p +45 
14Sp +20 
80p + 6 

£100 +rt 







in £201m 
DIY deal 

By Cliff Feltbam 

Ladbroke, the betting and 
; hotels group, yesterday agreed 
to pay £201 million for Home 
Charm Group, the Texas 
Homecare DIY chain. 

The deal, which nearly col- 
lapsed because of disappoint- 
ment oyer Home Charm’s 
most recent profits, rounds off 
a big shake-up in the DIY 

• Payless, which operates 68 
superstores in the South-east, 
was sold by the Mariey group 
at the end of last week for £94 
miHion to Ward White, the 
fist moving retail group. 

The bid for Home Charm, 
which has the backing of 
directors and relatives or Mr 
Manny Fogel, the chairman, 
speaking for more than 25 per 
cent of the equity, involves a 
straight one-for-one share 
swap, placing a value on each 
Home Charm share of 353p or 
a cash alternative of 325p. 

A week ago. Home Charm 
announced the withdrawal of 
a mystery bidder after talks 
had broken down, cau sin g its 
shares to plunge from a peak 
of 390p to 285p although they 
later recovered. 

Ladbroke, which admits it 
was in the talks, says it 
decided to revise its offer after 
it emerged that Home Charm 
profits were likely to disap- 
point. Yesterday, the g roup 
announced pretax profits of 
£10.9 millio n, down from £1L1 
million, and some way off the 
£12 million anticipated by the 

Home Charm blames the 
setback, on a costly store 
opening programme. 

Ladbroke yesterday report- 
ed that its own full-year profits 
had risen by 50 per cent to 
£75.1 million. 

Rank tells court of 
‘unfair pressure’ 

The Independent Broad- 
casting Authority’s decision to 
veto The Rank Organisation's 
£750 million bid for control of 
Granada was taken after pres- 
sure from Granada to block 
the takeover, a QC said in the 
HighCourt yesterday. 

Mr Ian Hunter QC, for 
Rank, told Mr Justice Mann 
Granada executives asked the 
IBA to rule against the Rank 
bid. He accused the IBA of 
refusing to hear representa- 
tions from Rank before mak- 
ing its decision. 

He was opening Rank’s 
application for an order 
quashing the veto and an 
injunction banning the IBA 
from cancelling Granada's 
North-west television fran- 
chise if the takeover goes 

Mr Hunter said that on 
February 21 there was a 
meeting between executives of 
the IBA and Granada attend- 
ed by Lord Thomson, IBA 

On February 24, Granada 
wrote to the IBA, opposing the 
bid and urging the authority to 
make the decision that Rank 
was not an aproved company 
and to make that decision 

“No copy of the letter was 
sent to Rank and no intima- 
tion was given that the letter 
had been written,” said Mr 

“It looks as though the IBA 
representatives agreed with 
Granada that Rank was not to 
be given the status of an 
approved company.” 

Despite Lord Thomson's 
assurances on February 20 to 
Sir Patrick Meaney, the Rank 
chairman, that Rank would be 
invited to make representa- 
tions as soon as the IBA had 
been approached by Granada 
over the offer, this was not 
done before the decision was 

Lord Thomson: denied 
acting improperly 

made, Mr Hunter said. 

. Rank contends En the case- 
expected to last for two days - 
that the decision by the IBA to 
block its takeover of Granada 
was unreasonable. 

Rank also contends the IBA 
was wrong to claim the take- 
over fell fool of the 1981 
Broadcasting Act 

In a sworn statement. Lord 
Thomson denied be or the 
authority had acted improper- 


He said the meeting with 
Granada executives was held 
at the request of Sir Denis 
Forman, chairman of Grana- 

“The authority wanted to 
know the views of the Grana- 
da group,” he said. Lord 
Thomson denied he had told 
Sir Patrick the IBA would give 
Rank a chance to make repre- 

He said be feared a public 
meeting with Rank would 

over-innate the value of 
Granada's shares. 

Lord . Thomson said it was 
-the lBA's policy to look at 
every takeover case on its own 
merits.“I am satisfied that the 
authority acted fairly and in 
compliance with its statutory 

goes to 

Argyll Group’s attempt to 
block its rivals Guinness in 
the battle for control of Distill- 
ers moved to the Appeal Court 

Last week, Mr Justice Mac- 
pherson dismissed Argyll's ap- 
plication for an order 
declaring illegal the Monopoly 
and Mergers Commission de- 
cision to call off its inquiry 
into the Guinness bid. 

Argyll had accused the 
chairman of the Monopolies 
Commission, Sir Godfrey Le 
Quesne, QC, and the junior 
Trade Minister Mr Geoffrey 
^Pa trie, of acting unlawfully in 
“laying aside” the reference of 
the Guinness bid to the Com- 

Mr Alan Heyman, QC, 
opening Argyll's appeal 
against Mr Justice 
Macpherson’s decision, told 
Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Dillon and Lord Justice Neill 
there were four main issues. 

* They were: Did the chair- 
man of the Commission cor- 
rectly direct himself in law as 
to whether the proposal to 
make arrangements men- 
tioned in the merger reference, 

■ had been abandoned within 
■the meaning of section 75(5) 
of the Fair Trading Act, 1973? 

Did the chairman acting 
alone have power under the 
Act so to determine? 

If Argyll succeeded on ei- 
ther of these questions ought 
the court to withhold relief in 
its discretion? 

Ought the court to withhold 
relief on the ground that 
Argyll had no sufficient inter- 
est in the matter? 

Argyll claimed that Mr Jus- 
tice Macpherson was wrong in 
law in holding that the func- 
tion of the Commission under 
section 75(5) could validly be 
performed by the chairman 

The hearing is expected to 
last three days. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Shares sellout 

Gold Greenless Trott re-' 
ceived 44,000 valid applica- 
tions for more than 177 
million shares, about 59 times 
the number offered for sale. 
Applicants seeking 200-10,000 
shares go into a weighted 
ballot for 200 shares and those 
seeking at least 1 5,000 shares 
will receive about 2 per cent of 
their application. 

Shops target 

T and S Stores expects to 
have 100 stores by the end of 
this year. The company made 
pretax profits of £1.22 million 
for' the year to January 4 
against £805,000. The final 
dividend is 1.8p, 

No referral 

The proposed merger of the 
textile companies. Coats Fa- 
tons and Vantona Viyella, will 
not be referred to the Monop- 
olies Commission. 

Golden Wonder price 
attacked by Hanson 

Lord Hanson, the chairman of 
Hanson Trust relumed to the fray 
yesterday in support of his £2.3 
billion bid for Imperial Group by 
attacking Imperial’s planned sale of 
its snacks subsidiary Golden Wonder 
“at a discount” and “over the heads 
of its own shareholders”. 

Hanson Trust was responding to 
press reports that the sale of Golden 
Wonder was imminent for a price 
between £55 million and £60 million. 
Some City analysts had estimated it 
was worth more than £70 million. 
Hanson Trust accused Imperial and 
United Biscuits of acting with un- 
seemly haste in trying to push 
through their agreed merger. 

Following an incorrect press re- 
port, it also questioned why Morgan 
Grenfell, UB’s adviser, was seeking 
buyers for Golden Wonder rather 
than Hambros, Imperial’s adviser. 
But Hambros confirmed that it was 
handling the sale. Imperial denied 
that it would sell Golden Wonder at 
anything other than a highly justifi- 
able price. It questioned the correct- 
ness of some analysts guestimates of 
Golden Wonder's worth. 

Hanson Trust also issued two 
documents entitled “Why you should 
vote no to United Biscuits’ offer for 
Imperial” and “The value of Hanson 
Trust's offers”. Hanson repeated its 
attack on UB’s purchase, through 
Morgan Grenfell, of a 14.9 per cent 
stake in Imperial, 

Hanson claims the purchase was a 
breach of the spirit of Stock Exchange 
rules, which forced the Exchange into 
introducing a rule to prevent compa- 
nies entering into similar arrange- 
ments without shareholders’ consent. 

Hanson listed all its various 
combinations of offers for Imperial 
and pointed out that UB had no all- 
cash alternative and no comparable 
offer to Hanson’s share and loan note 

UB’s share and cash offer was 
worth £2.5 billion at UB's closing 
price of 233p last night. There is little 
between the bids in money terms and 
the outcome is expected to be decided 
on the two different concepts in- 
volved and expectations of the after- 
bid performance of the shares. 

Poor little M0 

Today’s money supply numbers have 
been given an addkl frisson by the 
Chancellor's decision to reinstate his 
sterling M3 target in the Budget in a 
week’s time. The return of sterling 
M3, even looked at in the negative 
sense of there being no other good 
measure of broad money to slot into 
its place, is also likely to mean that 
the markets will find even less to 

boiber about in the movements of 
narrow money, M0. 

The money numbers, the last 
major set of economic statistics 
before the Budget, have to be well- 
behaved. Welcome relief though the 
0.1 per cent January rise in sterling 
M3 was — this more than anything 
helped the authorities get away with 
only one base rate rise — Mr Lawson 
would give a lot for a similar rise, for 
banking February, to be announced 

On this, as might be expected, there 
are different schools of thought 
among City economists. One is that 
January was not an aberration and 
that the huge public sector surplus for 
calendar January - the second half of 
which is in banking February - 
implies no increase in sterling M3. 

A second school adopts the tried 
and trusted Bank of England method 
of taking two months together. A 
good month is usually followed by a 
bad one, so January’s virtual stand- 
still for sterling M3 could have been 
followed by a 2 per cent rise last 

In the middle, comes the view that 
bank lending will be higher, but offset 
by the public sector's negative 
contribution, giving 1 per cent on 
sterling M3. 

Clearly, the last thing the Chan- 
cellor wants at this stage, with the 
bulls at the base rate gate, is a bad set 
of sterling M3 numbers, even on the 
argument that this would allow him 
enough base drift to have a sporting 
chance of staying within a sterling M3 
target, if only for the first few months 
of the financial year. 

Hoare Govett appears to be at the 
top end of the forecast range, 
predicting a 1.8 per cent February 
sterling M3 rise. The main counter- 
parts are a £1.75 billion bank lending 
increase and an expansionary public 
sector influence of £650 million. If 
there is a 1 .8 per cent increase, the 1 2- 
month rate of increase in sterling M3 
would be the highest since 1980. 

Laurie Milbank, just below Hoare 
Govett at 1.75 per cent, similarly 
refuses to be over-persuaded by the 
January predicts bank lend- 
ing will return to a more normal £1.5 
billion, compared with £0.4 billion in 
January and the public sector will be 
expansionary by £1.1 billion. 

Whichever end of the range 
emerges at 2.30 this afternoon, 
problems of interpretation will re- 
main. Higher interest rates have the 
short-term effect of boosting sterling 
M3. Now that the Chancellor has 
abandoned overfunding, it could be 
argued that the logical response to a 
bad set of money numbers is to cut 
base rates. 

Granada enters hotel battle 
for business travellers 

By Derek Harrisjndustrial Editor 

A battle to woo the budget- 
conscious business travellers 
is breaking out with the entry 
this summer of the Granada 
Group into the hotel sector so 
far exploited in Britain only by 
Trusthouse Forte. 

But there are already signs 
of competition from hotel 
companies in France where 
this new market is more 
mature and still growing. 

The costs of an overnight 
stay are as little as half that at 
typical chain hotels catering 
mainly for business travellers. 
This is because the cost per 
bedroom of providing the 
new-style units has been 
brought down to £20,000 or 
Jess compared with a typical 
provincial three-star hotel 
building price of £45,000 to 
£55,000 a bedroom. 

Granada is planning a chain 
of Granada Lodges, with the 
first 20 to 30 units likely to be 
brought on stream relatively 
quickly to achieve a national 
presence. The first two open- 
ing ibis summer will together 
cost around £2 million. 

Trusthouse Forte, Britain’s 
biggest hotels company, has 
already successfully opened 
two Little Chef Lodges and 
envisages a chain of about 1 00 
with the bedroom units going 

up on sites used by Little Chef 
roadside restaurants of which 
Trusthouse Forte has now 
opened more than 200. 

There is increasing trade 
speculation that French spe- 
cialists in this developing 
market will mount an attack 
in Britain. 

Companies linked with 
Accor, the big French hotels 
and restaurants operator, al- 
ready have a foothold in 
Britain, including Novolel {a 
three-to- four-star chain) and 
Ibis (two-to-three-star). Ibis, 
with a London Heathrow 
airport hotel operating and 
one near Euston railway sta- 
tion due to open in July next 
year, is already pricing keenly 
at about £5 below the going 
rate for its hotel categories. 

Other French operators in 
the budget-price sector in- 
clude Merc ure (also part of 
Accor), Climat de France and 
Campanile. Another budget- 
price concept at Accor is a 
one-star hotels chain. 

Accor's strategy in Britain 
has so far been to establish 
Novotel outlets mostly on or 
near motorways. There are 
currently five such sitings, at 
Brentford. Coventry, Notting- 
ham. Plymouth and Preston. 
NovotePs main London prop- 

erty is its hotel at Hammer- 
smith. Ibis hotels are expected 
to be in towns or adjacent to 
key airports and rail stations. 
There are plans for a hotel 
near Luton Airport and the 
aim is to grow the Ibis chain to 
six or seven outlets within five 

It seems unlikely that Accor 
will be content to keep its 
involvement with the British 
market at this level. Like other 
hotel groups it has taken a 
keen interest in the 
Trusthouse Forte initiative on 
the budget-priced lodges. The 
Accor group now accounts for 
some 530 hotels and 1.800 
restaurants world wide. 

The marketing strategy be- 
hind the lodge-style accom- 
modation in Britain is to 
exploit what is seen as a gap in 
the overnight stay market. At 
present any business travellers 
like the self-employed or those 
with smaller companies look- 
ing for cheaper accommoda- 
tion have to seek out 
individual lodgings whose 
quality can vary widely. 

The first two Granada 
Lodges will be at Stirling, 
opening in May with 36 
bedrooms, and Exeter, a 58- 
room complex due to open in 

Consumer credit sets record 

By Our Economics Correspondent 

The ffMwmwer credit boom 
has con tm oed into this year, 
according to figures published 

Credit oa hire purchase, and 

on hank and in-store credit 
cards, totalled *2,735 mflttM 
in January, compared with 
£2^501 million in December. 

The figures include thos e fry 
Access and Bardaycard, with 
in-store credit cards like the 
Marks and Spencer charge 
card, fo the first tim& Ameri- 
can Express and Diners Chib 
caitis, as genuine charge 
fonts, are not included in the 
credit figures. 

However, even without tius 
inclusion of the new figures, 
credit rose to a record in 
January. On the old basis of 

hire pmchase and other instal- 
ment credit, tile total increased 
from £L,192tmflHra in Decem- 
ber to £1,388 million in Janu- 
ary, a rise of 16.4 per cent 
This was mainly because of 
special low-cost finance 
schemes offered by the motor 
manufacturers in January, al- 

for credit remained strong. 

Retail sales fin* January 
were better than the provision- 
al information suggested. The 
index of retail safes volume 
(1988=100) was revised from 
116 to 117, 0-3 per cent below 
the December peak. 

Bnt the rise in the Novem- 
ber-Jammy period, compared 
with the previous three 
months, was a modest 1 per 
cent, suggesting Mine slow- 

down hx the pare of spending. 
Compared with a year earlier, 
sales were ap by 35 per cent 

February’s ky weather took 
some toll of retail sales, but 
trade reports indicate contin- 
ued growth with some chains 
claiming increases of op to 10 
per cent after allowing for 

The Retail Consortium wel- 
comed die re-assessed figures 
for January, commenting: 
“The January sales dearly did 
better than some had 

At the 21 department stores 
of the John Lewis Partnership 
the effect of the wintry weather 
was felt particularly in the last 
week of February when the 
chain foiled to meet its sales 
targets. Sales were op by only 

7.8 per rent, but over five 
weeks to March 1, covering 
the bad weather, sales overall 
were up 11 per cent 

Allowing for sector infla- 
tion, actual sales growth would 
probably have been around 8 
per cent. Sales of some goods 
rose during the frost and snow: 
gloves alone saw increases of 
180 per rent in the last week of| 
February and were running at 
almost double last year’s lev- 
els during February as a 
whole. But items like fashion 
wear were selling less well 
during die bad weather. 

Sales of domestic electrical 
appliances are running about 
10 per rent ahead of this time 
last year according to 
Rumbetows, the electrical 
goods chain. 

This advertisement is issued in compliance with the requirements of 
The Stock Exchange 


I Registered in England— No. 30065 J 

Issue of 3,507,544 Ordinary Shares of 25p each and £7,541,219 of 4.5 per cent 
Convertible Second Preference Shares of £1 each (together the “Shares”) in connection 
with the proposed merger with Inn Leisure Group PLC 
The Council of The Stock Exchange has admitted the Shares to the Official List Listing 
Particulars containing particulars of the Shares are available in the statistical service of 
Extel Statistical Services Limited and copies may be obtained on any weekday during 
normal business hours (Saturdays excepted) up to and including 25th March. 1 986 from 
Baring Brothers & Co., Limited J. A Devenish pic Sheppards and Chase 

8 Bishopsgate, Trinity House. Clements House. s 

London EC2N 4AE 15 Trinity Street Gresham Street 

Weymouth DT4 STD. London EC2V 7AU 

Copies of the Listing Particulars are also available from the Company Announcements 
Office of The Stock Exchange during normal business hours on 12th and 13th of- 
March 1986 

11th March 1986 






















































^ ^ }SLd J 




New York (Renter) — Stocks 
moved higher in active trading 
after profit-taking on lower 
interest rates died out 

Traders said the tendency to 
sell on '‘good news" was 
apparent early in the day. The 
Federal Reserve Board low- 
ered the discount rate to seven 
■ per cent and banks followed by 
lowering prime rales to nine 

The Dow Jones industrial 

Mar Mar 
7 8 



Abed Signal 





Am'rda H 3 

Am Brands 

Am Brdcast 

Am Can 



Am Express 

Am Home 

Am Hospital 

Am Motors 




Armco Steel 


Ashland O* 

Ai Rich fieU 

Avon Proas 

Bkrs Tst NY 



Bank ot NY 


Betti Steel 





Bmt Myers 


Burt ton Ind 
Burl ton Ntn 
Can Pacific 
Central SW 
Cmse Man 
Clark Eauip 
Coca Cola 

Exxon Corp 
Fed Dpt SB 
Fsf Chicago 
Fst IntBnep 




Gen Qectrtc 
Gen Inst 
Gen fiWs 
Gen Motors 
Georgia Pac 
i Goodrich 

Gould Inc 



i GrumanCor 
GuttS West 


CorrrwWi Ed 
Cons Edts 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Coming G 1 
Cm Zeller 
Dart & Kraft 
Delta Air 
Detrort Ed 
Digital Ed 
Dresser Ind 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Estm Kodak 
Eaton Corp 
Emerson El 
Evans Prod 

intend Steel 

Int Harvtr 
Int Paper 


Jhnsn A Jim 

Kaiser Alum 

Kerr McGee 







Lucky Stra 




Marme Md 

Mrt Marietta 





Mmsta Mng 

Motor! Oil 


Morgan J.P. 







Sorter*: Sth 


Ocodnt Pet 




Pac Gas El 

Pan Am 

Penney J.C. 



m 3 Hid 63 ' « 
PrctrGmW 68 =. 
PbSE&G % 
Raytheon SO 
RCACorp «% 
Rynfcls Met 37 
Rockwefllnt 39 > 
Royal Dutch 66 % 
Sa/eways 37’t 
Sara Lee 58 % 
SFEScpae 37 
SCM 74 % 

Sctttsergfir 29 'a 
Scon Paper 59 % 
Seagram 52 
Sears Fffick 45 
She* Trans 40 X 
Singer 47 * 
Snffirxln Bk 82 % 
Sony 19 % 

SttiCal Ed 29 % 
Sperry Com * 9 '» 
SidOeOMo 43 s * 
SturVngDrg ATS 
Stevens JR 32 'a 
Sun Comp 48 
Tettdyna 348 % 
Tenrwco 34 % 
Texaco 27 % 
Texas E Cor 29 '* 
Texas Inst 121 % 
Texas UtBs 33 -/ 
Textron 57 ’a 
Traulm Cor 53 % 
TRW Inc n/a 
UAL Inc 55 * 
Unlever NV 145 * 
UnCarttfe 19 % 
Un Pac Cor 50 % 
U» Brands 23 % 
US Steel 22 % 
UtdTechnol 53 % 
Unocal 21 % 
Jfin Walter 50 % 
WmerunM 51 % 
Weds Fargo 78 ‘e 
WsmhseB < 9 % 

Weyerhser 38 ’b 
W timpool 65 
Woolwoith 69 % 
Xerox Corp 70 % 
Zenftft 25 % 



Aten Ahrm 
Bed Tele 
Can Pacific 
I Commco 
Gull Oil 
Imperial Oil 



_• E> * ifttud c Ei (teirDuUBt X Be kMatsi aortal 

Steel Co 
ThmsnN ‘A 1 

.Stock sax l M 

n/a 25 % i 

nfa 46 

n/a 17 % 

n/a n/a 
p/a 18 % 

n/a 12 % 

n/a 26 

n/a n/a 
n/a 25 % 

n/a 26 -% 

n/a 281*9 

n/a 4 $% 

n/a 38 % 

n/a 310 
n/a 30 

n/a 73 % 

n/a 27 % 

n/a 29 

n/a 27 % 

n/a 14 % 

I f urcoxrt 

aa onw Owg yw 


60 . Hcmunomr Rd. Bouromoim Ewa sal 
03*5 717373 (LmMnaj 

ON & FnM 11*0 12100 +23 9 07 

ivyi me Enuiv «g 8 2* -05 5 JS 

Worfchwda Sorxs 1/84 133 ?* -Z 0 5.13 
American Giavth 1*03 150 .* -0 6 0 7 B 

Awn Paohc 4 >B 440 -02 270 

MNTSIE am 931 995 *1 7 158 

capui fte/wrfi 605 ease +aa t 87 
Comm 8 Enwcv 652 69 79 -23 1 56 

Eixtjpren Capai]! 79 0 04.0 +30 1.79 



UK Growth me 
■ Do Aram 
US Emercnj Co's 
Ecuia* rmiy ass 

1315 1*0 6 
610 061 
051 914 
121.8 1309 
592 S3? 
1000 2012 
56 7 60 J 

SmaJkw Co i 
UK Groom 
Exaa me 
G 4 I 

me A Grata 
NM HUh Inc 
Pro! Shwre 
Financial S+ca 
GoB 6 Gan 
M LaUwa 
Prop Snares 
Um» Energy 
wono Tech 
•me Growtn 
Aim Income 

Bal Otter Cnng yh 

101.1 1070 ijTiffl 
130 0 1387 # -12 152 
369 394 -06 200 

57 1 60 S* -04 7 46 

26 1 275 -0 4 750 

1905 203 2 -04 *33 

1 B 92 2 OT 0 C 406 474 
100 2000 -01 904 
1260 135.4 -06 204 

412 44 1 -0 6 23 * 

195 21 0 -02 201 

16.1 172 *06 OSS 

5*4 5800 -03 1.47 

30 0 416 « - 1 6 0 . 9 * 

430 465 - 0.1 057 

960 103.00 -00 323 
583 622 « -40 7 5-77 

Afced Dunhat Centra Swmoon SNI 1 EL 
0193 610306 & 0793 28231 
Firs Trust 2115 22520 *20 3.40 ! 

Growm S income 1281 1304 -19 3 37 

Carnal Trust 2240 23 S 5 *21 275 

EUM n«W 342 J 3645 -50 336 

Accum T’ust 5220 5569 -60 3.10 

4 menon »ra™ 235 31 79 *02 *26 

Hrfjh Income Tsi 2300 2 « 40 o -23 501 
EouRv income 13 * 7 132.0 *00 5 12 

Hen rwd 1336 1*23 -0 1 503 

Gon Sacs Trust 29 6 30 6 -016 955 

mtemaujnil 7 i 0 7601 

JdMA Fi*m 77.4 92 * 

PacrteTrun 1323 1*09 

Am* Spa Sits 64 7 68 Sc 

Secs 0 * Amer Tsi 200 3 2133 

? 3 G 306 -a 6 935 

■ 0 763 * -15 131 
77.4 024 +25 0 01 

1323 1409 +32 127 

64 7 689 li * 0.7 1 19 

Aram Stnato Cox 24 3 259 

Ausi GrowHi 64 6 683 c 

EuroSnaMr 13.7 U 6 

F*i ECU 360 393 

Hong Kong Prf 226 24 1 

W&W 327 340 

Japan Pari 49 1 S 2 *« 

JJpci Smrtar 130 14 7 

Esampt 75 0 7 R 5 

Exempl MaiKal 64 7 677 


9 - 17 . Peoymouit Rfl. Haymants Hm 
0*44 456144 

BS ft na Income 55 0 60 . 0 * 

Do Amin 335 100541 

RnanM 1133 1210 a 

Growra Acoxii 1807 (943 

Do income 1165 1253 

am Asset Value 

Gdl Growth 

SmaXet Co* 

2 nd SmafcH Co t 
Recovery Tnisr 
IHiMel Cnwy 
Oseas Eamaigs 
TecflnatKV Tsi 
incoraa wrap) 

203 1 2216 +26 341 

360 J 7 J -00 3 01 

1180 1172 -16 280 

1*21 1512 * -17 205 

74 6 794 -10 236 

82 4 67 0 -86 226 

1789 1905 +27 311 

900 959 *04 094 

1150 1228 -05 578 

North American 586 610 

Orient 610 66 . i 

FUKOway 35 0 37 7 

Tecrmoiogy 1314 143.4 

German 321 3*.1 

The Sloe* E-cnanoB London EC 2 P ; 
01-668 2060 

55 0 60 0 « 
935 100541 
1133 1219 a 
1007 1943 
1165 12&3 
58 7 631 * 
701 75.4 

58 6 630 
615 66.1 
35 0 37.7 
1314 143.4 
32 1 34.1 

-0 8 426 
+13 .. 
+ 1.7 212 

♦14 201 
-84 70 * 
-06 504 
+89 120 
+0.1 020 
+ 1.1 131 
+88 D. 6 C 
+25 200 

Exempt Smaller Go’s 206.8 2 i 92 +20 292 

USA l/erapi Trusl 3100 337 . 7 * -19 1.44 

131 . Fmvmrv PatettwiL London EC2A 1 AY 
01 620 9076 01-280 85 * 0 / 1 / 2^5 
Canal GrowOl Inc 5*7 S 6 S +85 100 

bo Accwn 61 1 653 -D 3 100 

Ejsrem » Wd 1 KL 6 110 7 * *10 100 
Dfi 6 % KMhdrawai 55 * 592 * -05 100 

Finance 5 procerty 552 59 0 -04 Z AS 

Gil 6 Fixed income 41 * J 09 * -10 856 
Do Accwn 79.7 830 * +10 856 

Han ncorne Income 674 720 * -0 8 546 
Do Accun 1562 167 . 0 * -ZD 6.46 

M#r Y«U aroome 667 7 ( 3 * * 1.0 85 3 
Do Aeojm 1735 186 3 * -25 858 

M Accum 672 71 .B *0 7 Zee 

Do 5 ^< VMnam* 639 683 -08 286 

Managed Fund 57 * 605 -04 . 

PnAeronce income 269 26 7 +031120 

Do Aaaxn 8*0 690 * 1.01126 

SmsBer Co » Accum 1320 141.1 +24 109 

Wona Perm* Sun 93 99 -O.i 121 

Porhoko Tsf UK 739 785 + 1.4 1 65 

PcrrtofcO T« japan 729 75 5 -13 01 D 

Pomc*oT«lB 715 740 -02 M >7 

PiyttOfcO Tst EiFope 92.1 954 -16 0.10 

Porttpto Tel HK 30.7 481 -00 810 


3 GWrlmas Si EOmpurti EH 3 6 VY 
( 01 - 22 S 2561 ( Deaur £ 031-226 6096 ) 

Do Accum (41 
Income Fix'd Ot 
Da Accun <31 
Wd Inc | 2 } 

Oo Accun 12 ) 
Smarter me 15 ) 
Do Accum ( 5 | 

197 1 2075 
3105 3269 
B 52 995 
1814 1709 
1134 1104 * 
1499 1565 * 
11035 1193 

*47 3 Z 7 
-7 4 327 
-19 875 
♦30 5.75 
-22 208 
+29 206 
♦111 3 OS 
+ 0.13 109 


125 . Mgh HMOom. London VYC 1 V 6 P 7 

01-242 1148 

CS Japan Fixrd 653 695 +2 

I. Ofrrroc Way. WpmOfcv. HAS OW 
01 - 9 ® 8076 

01 - 9 ® 8876 


Far & m 
NorXl American 

266 8 2830 
3040 3243 
147 5 1563 
1383 147.1 

rtf Er (23 3099 *066 +IJ 5 12 S 

Japan Ex ( 43 ) 2755 2079 * .. 030 

UKEz 131 ) 1950 207 S +67 109 

Psal Pans ml 368 8 3882 . . .. 

Pui Per* UK X 6 i 2 i «6 

80 Amenea 157 1 157 2 * 7 1 058 

60 Energy 1164 1230 *36 104 

BG Income Gnrtl 17*2 1 W 4 * -20 527 

BG Japan I 3 i 8 i *03 +53 000 

BG Tacmi u o g r 1655 1762 +35 151 


25/26 Afaannena Street. London YVIX 4 AO 

01-401 0295 

Amancan 490 525 +00 093 

Ausntan 106 199 +06 292 

japan & General 78 1 816 +21021 

HcftlrEOine 420 458 * +10 706 

rtemawm Trust 714 764 *i 7 

Income Gro-tn Tsi 455 407 + 1.9 4 30 

Gn 5 Ftud im 191 »5 ..1150 

GWWJMarXaa 34 6 371 +14 202 

Speoal SauaKona 422 452 - 2.1 150 

UmGtxn House. 252 . nonrtaM Ho E 7 
0 i- 53 « 55*4 

America 8*6 90 S -10 232 

Ausi Accum 1301 138 * - 1 * 190 

00 Income 92 9 980 +23 ISC 

+ 1)5 12 S 
.. 030 
♦67 109 

17*2 1854 * -20 527 

1318 1403 +53 000 

1650 1762 -35 151 

Amenea MS 900 -10 

Ausl Accum 1301 1394 +14 

00 Income 92 9 988 +23 

Casual 65 6 69 79 +1 1 316 

Etemol Trua 40 Z 5 4201 +4 3 398 

E.Bi Income 680 720 -02 56 * 

Financial 210 * 232 J +*7320 

500 2*23 257 7 * +29 331 

OeneraT T 3 T 0 r*Oj -15 3 12 

Gd! a Fmed me 523 5 * 7 * *05 5 81 

Japan 6 Gen me 124 3 1322 c — * 0*7 

60 Acc 1257 1337 c +47 047 

Growth Accum 165 2 IBOOe - 2*200 

income Trust 3103 3903 * —5 173 

Leisure TruM 7 SZ 79 . 9 * -06 183 

Soecui Sduawni 131 3 1390 -25 256 

Recovery 1736 18*0 +12 272 

Trustee Fund 1021 U *6 -16 300 

Urn* Tech Accum 502 51 * -07 lea 

Oo Income 50 0 53 1 *0 7 0 00 

wortmwoe Trust 1301 1469 +*2 1 ib 

B Tstm* Fix'd Acc 381.1 3203 -36 V " 

Do hr 1974 ZD 95 *23 . 

PC Box 158 . Beckannem. Ken BR 3 4 X 0 
01-650 9002 

Growm 0 he 
Oo Accum 
First Jemn 
Japan Soeoai 
Japan Smu 
Rra Susan* co's 
firs Europe 
Rrct N Ainer 

493 52.7 *1 1 Q 90 

422 * 51 * -02 050 
995 1055 +50 090 

590 6*29 - 0.7 2.30 
904 97 f* +12 210 1 
633 67 0 *10 OJD 1 

79 + B*S +35 830 
74.4 79 5 e +27 OJD 
801 646 + 0.6 270 

884 94.0 -35 000 

495 526 - 2 A 190 

59 . Grosham St, London EC 3 P 2 DS 
01-606 4433 

Capaal Accun 362.1 2789 
Energy Due 40 1 432 * 

Ertra news 1502 J 59.7 

FmaKM 1383 147.1 

Gil Sxatsgv 5*0 56 1 

OroMn imeshnent 2601 2890 
income 6 Gromtn 37 9 401 * 
Jaoonese * Paste 1150 1223 
ten Ainer Swti 993 1059 
fiffl Recovery IM 1 1107 
Sma*r Cd« 1815 20059 
Gktel tec TU 515 S 50 * 

Crown Hast. Woken OU 2 > IXW 
04062 5033 

H<gn UKeme Trust 2149 2298 

Grown Trust 207 7 2221 * 

Amancan Trial 1232 131 9 
4 . IW«M DeecML EOMMiUI 
031-226 3*92 

American Fund 67 9 72.6 
CaMI Find 833 86 1 
Grown A nc Find T 21 » 130 ** 
HUi Dot Fixid 97 5 10*3 
hMmaMnai Fund 1753 187 5 
Hasouees ftxfl 198 289 c 
Sn» jao Ctfa Fnd 285 38 * 
Tokyo Fund 1189 177.1 

(E»| Ainer CQ 1302 1427 

(Eil Japan ( 5 l 02.1 048 

{&i Paene fi| 217 0 23 * 0 * 

1302 1427 
82.1 048 
2170 22 * 0 * 

named Iflv 

European me 
Do Accum 
General tec 
Do Accum 
G* Y«d tec 
Do *ccum 
Hon Y-etd Inc 
Do Accun 
Japan income 
Co Acnxn 
N Amancan tec 
Do Accum 
Patttc income 

1116 1189 
881 842 
982 1029 
1*12 151 J 
1925 204.8 
1109 114*9 
174 J 1797 
703 63 * 
IS 7 1825 
1865 197 9 

(Exi SraaMr Jap Ml 1660 1725 *27 0.10 

Euirfund 2*0 250 +02 190 

Ban Road. Owannan. Gteu*s» GL 53 7 LD 
®42 52(311 

Japan te«nie 1865 197 9 -58 025 

DO Aram 1877 1986 +59 P 25 

N Amancan tec *64 4 B 4 - 1.1 885 

On Accum 538 57 1 - 1 * 095 

Pacific income 1078 1135 +*8 0.53 

Do Accum 1 JIT 177 * - 5 * 06 J 

Sn* Cos Inc 670 722 -09 21 * 

Oo Aoaxa 795 8*8 -r.l 21 * 


'^Yemeni trxxmn ecza ijd 
®»OlOOT Hi * 0, ' 6 “ 0478/8 Mooe ^* M,e 
° BBI G* 504 S 73 -02 atx 

Ewweer Accun 
UK Os * FI Me 


average, which was dp six 
points to 1,703 at one stage, 
dosed at 1,699.83, op 33. 

Ea stman Kodak *9$ down 
I 'g to 58. Chemical Bank. New 
York, was op 2 to 49fc as hank 
stocks gained on lower rates. 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices dosed at a new 
high in moderate trading. 

The Amex market value 
index rose l.)9 to a record 

My Marl ^ 

7 K 7 6 


I toHd tutd* 
day’s rans* 
March 7 

N York l.* 3 fl 7-1 4600 
Montrwi 2-0424^.0513 
Ams'd am3. 6587 -3.7007 
Cphgan 11-9530-12.0861 
OuOM 1.0689-1.0811 
Frankfurt 3. 2387 ^2668 

Lsoort 21 2 - 93 - 21 6 J 3 
MJdnd 204 - 36 - 206^1 
hfflanM 2202 ^ 6-223241 
OSU 102872-10^7 
Parts 9 ^ 888 - 10.8666 
St'WUrn 10 . 4350-105236 
Tokyo 260 - 11-26222 
Vienna 22 . 72-2226 
Zurich 2 . 7442 - 2.7674 

1 M 0 RA 

0 S 1 - 058 prem 

0 . 02 pfn- 0 ,C 9 dB 

2 ’ 4 - 1 % pram 

8 pram- 3 ds 

5 %- 4 pr 0 m 

2 >.- 2 prBm 

2 CO- 570 drs 

25 pram-i 2 dfs 

8 -ISds 

par -1 Ktfis 

i%- 3 %dls 


1 %-rSjxem 

134 -I 2 ^prem 

2 %- 1 %pram 

1 .S 9 -«J 4 prwn 
0 - 2 M. 11 prem 
6 %- 5 % 

34-21 prow 

13 Vl 3 %oram 

88 . 13 &SS 

6 %- 5 'Aprem 

iSO -1445 

12 - 12 4 « 


5 %- 7 %te 


4 K- 3 V*preffl 

33 %-mprttfl 

5 %- 5 %preni 

The expected US tfiscoimt rate 
cut sparked ft brief resurgence 
in sterling on the currency 
markets. But the pound was 
forced to give op most Of its 
gains, ending at 1.4550 to the 
dollar, against 1.4585 over- 
night and a high of 1.4600. 



SoysbMn mm. eatfM wd 
Cocoa n t per tome 
Gm-oU and tugsr in USS 
pario ane . 

G W joy nsoo and Co report 


ES? 1 S 2 JJ-S 26 

Aug 160059.0 

Sterttns Wm ewapamd urtth 1975 mdowa « 7 i 7 (day* mg* 7 & 2 - 73 J). 
RM 93 »uppfi«l fay Sxicttya Baift HQFEX and ExtaL 

BascRafe* % 

Ctearmg Banks 12 % 
Finance House 13 

Discount Maik«t Loans % 
OvermgW rtgn : 12 % Low 11 

TraaamyBSs (Discount %l 


2 ninth 12 

3 ninth 11 % 

2 mrnn it>ui 
3 mnji 11 % 

Prima Bank B 8 b (Discount %) 

1 ninth 12 6 i+- 12 J i« 2 mnth 12 - 1 1 «* 
3 mntti 11 %- 11 W Simth 12 - 11 ,s u> 

Trade B*a(Dtacount%] 

1 motn 12 ' 6 » 2 mnth 12 % 

3 mnth 12 % flmnth 11 % 

Interbank f%) 

Overnffltit open 13 % dose 7 
1 week 13 - 12 % S ninth Ifro-IWis 

1 mntti i2“rx-12» 9mmti 1115-11% 

3 mnth 12 - 11 % i 2 irwi 

meal Amhortly Dapostta /%) 

2 days 12 % 7 days 12 % 

1 0 X 181 12 % 3 ninth 12 

6 ninth 11 % 

7 days 7 «*- 7 * 
3 months 7 *i»- 7 , ia 
7 days 

3 nonths 4 %r 4 K 

7 days iik- 10 % 
3 months 1 AK -1454 
Swfei's Franc 
7 days 2 '.6-3 'A 
3 months 3 %- 3 % 

7 days BV 6 
3 memhsS'A- 6 % 

cafl 8 V 7 % 
Imofflh T’vrPrt, 
6 moratts 7 *ia> 7 7 ia 
cat 54 
1 month 4 VM% 

6 months* %- 4 % 

car 9ivS» 

1 month 15 Vi -15 
6 months 12 %- 12 % 
can 2 %-i% 

1 month 3 %- 3 % 
6 months 3 %- 3 % 
cal 6-5 
1 month 5 ®/ ,a ra 
6 months 5 %- 5 % 






West Germany 


Nwhert a nds 









Uoyda Bank In ter na tional 


GokJ-S 342 -S 0 - 343-00 

3 mnth 12 
I 2 mth 11 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 12 K- 12 * 2 mnth 13 - 12 % 

3 mnth 12 %- 12 % 6 mnth 12 %- 12 % 
9 mnth 12 - 11 % 12 mth 11 %- 11 % 

Staring CDs f%) 

1 mnth 12 V 12 * 

3mnth ll^ro-ll'i* 

6 mnth 11 ’ro-iifiro 12 mth Il'u-I 0 w w 

Defer CDs (%) 

1 mnth 770 - 7.45 3 nxflh 7 . 40 - 74 S 
6 mnttt 7AQ-73S 12 mtfl 7SO-7AS 

■Excludes VA 

Ftaad Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference ran tar 
mterest period February 5 . 1988 to 
March 4 . 1986 Incfcswe: 12.654 per 

Argentina austraT 

Australia dO*ar 


Sratf cruzeiro*: 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong doSar 

trxfia rupee 



Malaysia doBar 

Mexico paso 

New Z«dand defer — 

Saw* Arabia nyal 

Sxigapora doBar 

South Africa rand 

UAEdrfiam — 

Hpb Uwi Comply 

1 . 1700 - 1.1723 

... Z0.1&2CL25 
. 0 . 7300 - 0.7400 
. 7 ^ 570 - 7.4370 
. 201 . 10 - 203.10 
- 11 ^ 90 - 11.406 

17 £ 5 - 17.85 


. 0 . 4105 - 0.4145 
. 367003.6300 

® 0-700 

. 2 . 7900 - 2-8100 
. 5 ^ 720-53120 
. 3 - 1400 - 3.1600 
. 2 - 9000 - 2.9300 
. 5 - 3020 & 342 D 

0 d ; — 11 

Dec 11 

March .... ■ — L 





Jay 7—. 







March i — 

May ; 





March 21 



Asrfl : 1 

June 1 

Aug — . — 1 

O a — 1 

Dec 1 

Fed 1 

Apr! 1 



163 J 7-628 

167 . 4 - 65.4 

175 - 0 - 74.0 

17 BO- 78 J) 


__ 2498-95 


282 S -19 


__ 2730-25 


. 2810 - 27 B 0 

. 739 . 4 G &5 

. 134 . 0 - 33.2 
„ 131 0 - 30-7 
. 132 JX 31.3 
- 1343-333 
. 138-0-3*0 
. 13 & 0 - 34.0 


Office Turnover flo u rs * 
Price in C pei piaMr te rm* 
Averin pwe per trey since 
RBdrtfWoW A Col Ltd. report j 


CftSl 981 . 00662.00 I 

Three months _ 1083150 . 100 * : 

VOI J — -~ ^- 57 P° 

Tone Steedter I 


Caxh 970 00-97380 

Three Months 985 . 00-100000 

vtK m\ 

Tow — : hSe 


Cash Suspended . 

Three Mends — : — ^ — 

Vet ^ - 

Tone * ( 


Cash — 25 a(KW 51 JOO 

Three Months . 260 , 00 - 2^50 

Vol_ -^ 33 » 

Tone Stoeoy 


Cash 405 JJ 0 - 410 D 0 

Three Months 

Vd ; 

Tone — kft» 


Cash 427 . 00 - 428 X 0 

Three Months. 442 JXM 4 AWJ 

Vat 1350 

Tone Sreedy 

Three Mow*— Z 8 ®WgS 


A re ra gife iWn rlr price# * 
le pn ieH ta V v e i erire li o* 
March 7 

GfcC 8 ttt. 96 .i 4 p parkg hr 
jsfc^eep 22327 p PM- kg eM 

per kg hv 

(+ 3.05 

Ewapjd Bid Wales: 

Cane nos. up 89 3 *. aw. 

nca. down 4546 , eve. 
pace, 223 ^ 0 ^+ 1621 ) 

price. 2 Z 22 fiW+ft «9 
Pig no*. » 19-1 - 

prrce. 7897 p(+ 3 . 71 } 

^ l li in il: 

Cat 8 Bndt,ep 2 i^».** 

nos. N/A %.**•- 








Cash 378 . 00-37850 

There Months . 391 - 0 MBL 9 D 

Vai 16 

T SnT =-- 01 ** 


Cash 378 . 00-37850 

Three Mortals . 381-0O391W 

an — — a 

&m!L TttDfcTBlflo! 

Three Months . fttSJMIMO 

Voi 5800 

Tone Steadier 


£ per tonne . 

Wheat Bed ey 

Mon* Owe Oma 

March 11530 11360 

Say 118.45 116-15 

taE 11 93 S ‘ 

s 3 t • 99^50 97 JBS 

to* 102-45 101 ® 

jan 10820 . 10495 ' 

IfflL — M 



frig Meet»ldto ,, 
Month C)p«i Ctere 

aS« 105.0 . -1050 

CS* 1030 1084 V 

June . 1 038 ' H&O 

jS s . mo - was 

So . ■ : i«as mao 

Sni ' 1085 -1088 

OH - tOSLZ 1083 

now . THL 5 110.6 

HXL 3 1019 
rS 1015 1825 

Vat 40 


Be rtCnrtie c t 

. p. per Wo • 
ugnth Open Ctare 
mi 186.0 1535 

CS* 1955 1885 

Tui 1920 1895 

j 37 ' 1900 1900 

Xk 185-0 mo 

183.5 1825 
“ • ' - :W 8 

1 r mpQ H 

• POTATO roiOT* • 

55 ?* TO?» TS^O 

Mn ■ 11030 HO 70 

Peb 8600 8800 

m toaoo 10100 

“ Vofc 2002 


report $iO per iedexptaM 

April 86 8 «SSSo ^0 

SyB 6 7505-7475 7515 

Oct 86 — • 860 0 

jjn 87 87050785 8720 

AprHB 7 . 

July 87 • 8175 

Oa 87 — -8110 

JW 8 » »S 5 

Spot 7390 - vat 70 iots 


. cum Wotame 
Mar 8 8 8t50 » A 

%% KS 

““ tree 



T hr ee Worth 3 tartag 

Mar 88 

JunB 6 

Sep 86 

Dec 88 

Previous clay’s total ope 
Three Month Eurotioum 

Mar 88 

Jun 80 

Sep 66 

Dec 86 

USTreexury Bond 


Jim 86 

Sep 86 


Mar 86 

Jim 86 ... 

Sep 86 

LongGm ’ 

Mar 66 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 - 

FT-SE 100 

Mar 06 

Jun 86 

.. 89-01 

_ 89.4 g 

.. 89.80 • 

mterest 11 963 

Htab Lem Oeee Ext Voi 

88 J 4 88.03 88.14 444 

89.15 88.01 89.15 1566 

39.56 89.46 89-53 3*1 

8353 89.77 8956 161 

Previous day 's total open interest 19726 
9153 9247 3251 908 

92.76 9264 9266 4807 

9265 9256 9258 481 

92.44 9238 9238 81 

Prevtaus day's total open Interest 6106 
94-15 93-12 94-04 232 

94-06 92-05 93-28 11864 

92-22 92-22 93-08 2 

Previous day’s total open mterest 920 

98 - 23 98-29 9 B -52 40 

99 - 06 9847 8908 313 

Previous etty's tab! open merest 671 8 

116- 25 118-00 116-25 117-29 636 

117 - 16 119-02 117-16 119-00 9543 

N/T 119-20 0 

N/T 119-20 0 

Previous day’s total open mterest 1523 
15650 156.70 155.70 156.70 507 

15820 15840 15750 15846 122 

Array Trus 


Adamfc Assets 
Bary 183 

& Amis 5 B 

Br Empro Sec 31 

Briuti Un 403 

Brum* 08 


CmcMt Japan 172 

DeTO* file 118 

Do Cap 127 

Draym Cons 326 

Drayton Far Eeat 155 

Draytm Japan 539 

Drayton P ra m w r 509 

Dundee Lon . 132 

Edn Arasr Asset 108 


Enofistl Int MS 

EnqRSfi SCM 82 

Eftjiam ny 121 

F^AtaM ^ 

FAC PtoJSc 165 

Fatter 257 

ftrat Scot Arnsr 302 

Rrai Un Gen 120 

Ftanrtfj Japan 
Ftontog MecartM 
Ften Ovsraaas 
Herrang Tech 
fl exing Unbars* 
For Ca 
G 80 Ceta 
CT Japan 
Qeneru Funds 
Greta Cm 

dn Ytd 

Oi'es pence % WE 

• .. 31 r 30403 

-5 26 . 1(1 10 M 2 

.. 45 81 35 D 

88 fares 

• 44 27 S 14 

-■» 05 07 .. 

39 r 35 414 
+2 15 0.9 .. 

-«j 2.7 47 324 

0.7 22 425 
+3 209 r 5 J 24.7 

■ 11 35 *OB 

• .. 03 r 17 385 

.. 30 i)f 4.1 3 S .1 

• +3 06 03 .. 

• . . 125 10.1 142 


+3 143 *4 325 

9*1 18 1.0 .. 

9*0 1.4 03 .. 

-4 182 38 387 

. . 7.7 4 0 342 

•8 0 9 0 . 877.7 

-'a * 6 r 83 403 

S 5 r 1.7 732 
.. SO 3.4 429 
-6 20 24 48.1 

9 .. 35 3.0 47.6 

+1 20 15 744 

25 25 548 
.. 15 r 1.1 37.0 

.. 115 45 300 

+4 143 47 23.0 

.. 87 73 10.1 

• 02 15 81.1 

• II 128 r 42374 

+2 15 15 .. 

• .. 35 10462 

+3 5.7 10 .. 

11 3538.1 

• 33 10 427 

.. 13 22 65.1 

.. 7.1 r 20 417 

21 25 SS 5 

9*2 20 r 15 

e .. 29 20684 

•-I 155 54 280 

1 S 8 S 

Mgn Low Company 

Gcwoa Atens 
Gorott Onaraal 
Gores Snigy 

Law Dabansaa 

LCD ttettmt Sec 

Lon Trust 

Muray in e o ma 
Murray tell 
Murray Serial 
Murray Ventura 
NSW Court 
New Damn Ort 

Nstnrog tec 83 
New Tanyo 
NDi AOanoc Sac 
Mi Saa Aretes 
«n Amar 

Avar A Mwc 

Scot Amartcm 
Scot ream 
Scot Mtga 
Scot Nat 


• .. 








• .. 









55 'j 









1 ® 







Gross ' 

On YU 

Pi pe panes % P/C 

• 7 . 35 28 514 

.. 145 4.4220 

.. 40 29 42 * 

6 .1 2 * 605 

24 05 .. 
83 27 290 
0.1 13 420 

135 *3 £87 

82 14 88.1 
65 26 713 
Ol 02 . . 
55 r 0 295 
12 52 15 8 
51 n 92 224 
54 r 40 372 
3 *r 19 813 

7 7 n 55 281 
7.1 r 45829 
19 n 15 .. 

05 U 
57 12 34.1 
* 2 r 82 Ml 2 

1.1 05 . . 

49 15 899 
07 15 002 

7.7 25 57 a 
44 25484 
15 14 867 

03 05 II 
15-0 19 307 
85 55 285 
12.1 S 5 SJ> 

7.1 24 445 

• 4/1 33 427 
55 25558 
47 r 14 829 
29 20503 
WL 7 r 24 500 
80 25 513 
200 80205 - 
940 ti ' 40 313 
89 r 4535.4 

re s» 

30 ') 32 
100 78 
l« 75 

255 1 W'» 
111 79 

1 * 5 *; ill 
160 129 
107 73 

197 124 
150 111 
773 211 
333 2 « 
175 137 
128 TG 3 
BS 72 -i 
zee m 
02 S2 
86 61 
110 8 * 
186 139 
308 259 

AnirCkf 5 . 

SMwwt Eiwnp 3 Ti 

ID tartUlt 82 

TO CM OlUto OUlffl 
TO tea A Pen «■ 

TO piStee sy iAi 

msr •• 


Wa c pa o tato 52 

IMS Seared CopSa 
Trass ocaanc m 
Tivuaa ta 


ss&sr— £ 

mrenootBn-GDaryjr K 

1 . 7 r 28 43 * 

08 15 . 

3.1 35289 
554 51305 
54 * 30 *72 
10.7 40275 
25 » 27*82 
ItltO : 

43 54 302 
25 ’ 24819 
63 r 0387 
75 8.1 280 
715 . 44327 

» U 434 
1 * 30 367 
147 173 01 
05 * 35 570 
22 r 40*17 
'22 34 460 
13 34 37 * . 
49 . 23 88 ** 

nrr: 44 3i5fli 


AlooyO S Smxnan B 0 O .. 250 3.7 T«i 

k Araancaa Lquru W« *+ .... ... 

AIQM * 3 'l 9 ' : 14 33 233 

Borewed 30 -2 . 9 /. 81 1 

Brttsw Anew i «3 68 *t 102 

Pair fitt* £T 7 i .. 083 39 128 

: On A 071 . .. 893 39125 

Bwsa ttB -14 39384 

Eng Trust ICO 9.. 40 40 139 

bSo - 224 '43 10179 

Eteowa '83 .. 30 35147 

FranMoKB 485 .. . 7.1 .15 225 

h^eiGc 08 .. 57 85 122 

Good* (DAM) » 23 25 252 

Haodaraon MMt 712 % ♦ » 23 Jr 21 173 

Ot 181 -2 129 71 7 * 

MAI 3 K> .. 229 93 19 

-MAG 7 B 0 9 .. 214 : 28 231 

Manama Mom 3(9 9-5 1 88' M t< 

paooe fit* Tm M 05 04 77.1 


SraSvBMere i to U 49223 

• The prices on thh page refer 
to Friday's trading. 


BO Otter Omg 

+f .1 3*1 

Higfi fitooma Trust 673 71.7 + 1.1 5 *5 

Gte f fixed NS 514 54 7 + 1.1 872 

Tst 01 M* Trusts 607 0 * 5 * +05 2 ** 

Sorrow Sis Trust 70.8 75 * - 0.6 2-51 

ran Amar Trust 5 * 1 575 + 0.7 1 93 

Far Etetom lh« 525 665 +15 051 


Si George Hw Corporason Sl Ccearey CV 1 

0303 553331 

UK Grated Accent 139.1 1479 +20 352 

Oo Income 1223 1301 +17 352 

Hastier Inc Accun 219.6 233 S +23 490 
Do Income 179.0 1912 +10 496 

QtaJFnod Accun 965 10189 +13 28 * 
Do Income B 2.7 870 * +11 254 

NttiAmw Tsi Accum 1326 1410 +23 025 

F» EaM Tst Accum 1125 1109 +32 088 

Euro Tst Accum 1365 1452 c +54 095 
Genera Trust 2167 2325 +37 283 

1 . Laurence Ptxxney H 8 . London EC*fl DBA 
01-823 4080 

Amencan Fund 72.1 772 *1 3 025 

Coal Fund 10*5 111 0 C +15 0 « 

fncon* fund 717 7 19 c *QA *87 

Far Exstem Fund 625 665 + 1.6 0 « 

Oreraaas Ineon* 6*5 69.5 +12 Iffl 

Toed Merest 56 * 597 +08 921 

Natural Res ftxid *60 *93 .. 401 

European tecome 64 7 6828 + 1.7 355 

ISO. wen George Sl Oa&gmr G 2 2 PA 
041-302 3132 

Balanced GSi Inc 3 * 9.1 3714 +1588 220 

R> Actum 3522 37*7 +43 . 

Income Gtfi tec 347 363 +05 650 

Do Accun 35 4 37.7 *05 . 

Service Co s tec 365 366 -Ofi 150 

Do *ccum 368 38 < + 0.6 .. 

Ffirer waft. T ontmdge. TYr 9 toy 
0732 362222 

Amancan 97.0 1038 +13 0.70 

Amer Equrty taoome 319 3*2 - 0**90 

i Amar Speate Srta *98 510 +05 Q *5 

Far East Inc 293 312 -ca 4*0 

G« 5 Faed ks 298 31.1 -05 821 

Growth 5 income 928 99 + . 18*45 

Japan Special Srts 31.6 337 +10 .. 

Japan Toot 935 995 +35 . . 

I Managed M Tj» 1215 IX ie +31 OX 

1225 1 X 1 *17 352 

219.6 2335 +23 496 

179.0 1912 +10 496 

968 10189 +13 28 * 

82.7 87 Oe +11 254 

fttei income 
N Amar Trust 
G*t Trust 
SI Vtaam tec 

-04 095 
+13 048 
+13 1 . 0 * 
+42 096 
+24 1.68 
+04 490 

1179 ( 3 L 2 e +04 1 .® 
1658 1772 e -a* 1 JO 

91.6 980 « +12 2*8 
539 57 . 7 c + 0-2 222 

61.7 68 Oe +02 222 

103 0 ! 098 e +13 *88 
1245 1316 _ZT 

IX. OW Broad St London EC 2 N 
01-621 Mil 

CtM ( 3 } 3352 35 28 

Incoma 131 282.1 2759 

Norm American (31 2689 274.7 

1 King waaoi SL EC 4 N 7 All 


77 London Wal EC 2 108 
01-588 1815 

tev Fund 369 IS + 23.10 *43 

fis« W 1 X 8 + 7 . 1103 * 

Deposit 1000 . . 1200 

77 lamxm Wte>, London EC 2 N 10 B 
01-580 1815 

mcema »i 06 te -2220 50 * 

Accum £100068 +0691 -■ 


tara w Plate. Wrew B 6 S QJH 
0372 377719 

General Equay 357 380 +04 130 

Equnr mcoroe 37 7 *029 *03 580 

Gat 4 fixed W Gft XI 299 +0 0 3 70 

tedex Secwmaa 215 351 -02 280 

Amw Oowtfl Z 35 2 S 0 .. IX 

Japan QrCMtn 235 250 ..OX 

European CSm 215 25 a .. 200 

G«t * FI Cm 215 255 . . 1050 

161 Ompsxto. London EC 3 V 8 HJ 
01-726 1999 

Amar Spiral Srts *98 510 +08 0*5 

Far East Inc 293 312 -00 4*0 

G« a fixed tel 29 8 31.1 -05 021 

Growth & income 928 994 . 18*45 

Japan Sprote Sits 31.6 337 +10 .. 

Japan Trait 935 995 +35 . . 

Man***) tel T» 1215 IX 1 « +31 OX 
Max memne Equty 67 1 72 . 6 # -18 5 M 
Protoanonai Gm 3' 8 B 7 a -10 147 
Soutti East Asa TW 25 1 260 -01 078 

Soeote Sts 1305 1493 -38 1 . 0 * 

FISRMS (R 08 B 1 T) 

8 CrostN So. London EC 3 A 6 AN 
01-638 5858 

American Exempt £3513 3589 c +967 151 
Japan Exempt E 2 S 2 .* 30 l. 7 te+tll 0 131 
Am Property T* St 0795.0 . . 775 

Property Trust G 033 Q - 5*0 6 10 

1 London Was BIC&. London WH. London 
01-828 5181 

Amar 5 Gan tec Zt 6 * 3*25 -64 05 * 

Oo Accun 2334 2*82 +68 05 * 

Amm Tixnamd tec 2'50 2290 “ ‘ 

Cuoi Tsi tee 
Do Accum 

Op Accum 22*0 2382 c 

Com 6 G 41 tec 83 0 882 

OP Accum 1085 1154 

Extra Inc Ta tee i< 2 * 151 4 a 

Do Actum 151.4 161 04 

team Tina KB* U 62 

Do Acnxn 1134 120 6 

fin Growth Fa Inc 15*0 1638 

Do Accun 171 0 1018 

Japan 8 Gan Inc 672 rt *4 

Do Accun 073 7101 

Morally tec Fd 700 7441 

Recovery 12 * « i 322 e 

Oo Accun 134.5 14 N 

Eiropean toe *90 520 

Oo Accun 490 520 

ftiaffl End, Donong. Surrey 

2226 2360 *60 117 

10 TJ 199 5 c *24 25 * 
22 * 0 2302 c -27 25 * 
830 882 623 

1 X 6 1154 +02 623 

1*24 151 4 • -02 4.79 
151.4 1610 # -02 4 79 

1094 1162 - 0 * 4*0 

1134 1 X 6 -04 440 

15*0 1638 -23 000 

171 0 1018 +25 0 00 

672 Tl.*e - 2-3 0 ® 
870 72 Oe +20 008 
70 0 74 . 4 # -02 £06 
124 4 1322 » - 1.0 1 . 9 * 
13 *.B l« 10 e -12 1 . 9 * 
490 £20 -06 0 S 7 

*5 0 520 -08 097 

0306 085055 
FP E tay Oa 
Do Accun 
FP Food un Dal 
Oo Accun 
Srm* 3 nJsne Out 
Do Accum 

1900 7023 
315 0 33*0 
1096 1185 
1720 1 X 2 
1565 1653 
1 X 9 1706 

-12 1 « 
-02 580 
+12 5*5 
+29 2.52 
- 0 * 160 
-<7 266 
+02 473 
+37 001 
+ 2 T t TO 
♦ 18 297 
+38 243 
-08 82 * 


Puree Trustee. Xansway. WC 7 

01-405 *300 

Coats 3256 3389 .. 254 

Gross me (382 tai 0 .. 823 

tegh Yield 1930 2000 m .. 841 


0 m fioar a Dewmanro So. lemon EC 2 M 4 VJ 
01-283 2575 Deafing 01-976 9*31 
UK Cap Fnd tec 9 %.* »39 +15 280 

DO Accum 1319 1411 # *22 2 SO 

tecome FuxJ »«6 798 m - 0*660 

Pwson E«nn J *94 15 +00 2*0 

tecamaatny 13* a i*98m -12 7 00 

US 8 General 550 597 -0 7 1*0 

Teen 6 Grown 621 6 «S - 1.6 100 

1691 1809 +50 OX 

7*4 79 8 +10 1 00 

214 9 2295 # + 5.1070 
63 7 082 +4 8 100 

Japan 5 General 
Far East S Gan 
Europmi Fund 
German, Fund 

Bto Otter Cnng Yta 

G* A fix ad tm 1181 1 X. 7 # -23 B £0 

Grown Equry 1980 211-3 -32 211 

GuanW 2815 2950 m +40 301 

N na wrere i 960 144.7 »s.i 20 s 

Pedfic 1612 171.7 ^.30 009 

Property Store 2165 2304 -0 1 J 79 

Smafer Compares 1310 205 .* + 1 J 100 

Eudpaan Trua 207.0 2 X 3 +110 8*4 



PO Bo* *42 za Urny-etm. London EC 3 P 3 AJ 
01-623 9333 

fta tecome XI 5*0 +02 506 

N Amar Tnre 1158 1232 c +59 001 

Hacorary ’ 73.1 1831 +10 272 

G*t TruB 384 * 39 -BO* +0 67 9.14 

SI Vtaam tec 780 793 * + 0 J 50 T 

81 Vincent US Gin 73 1 762 m +27 0.75 

TampteBrnSmCO's 1526 1810 + 11.18 150 

Premier ITT AdMn. 8 Be y ta^h Rd. Bentwood 


0277 217916 

Hamoros Sn#r Cos 1110 1180 # + 1.1 218 1 
ham Pros N Amar K 0 69 £ - 0 * 055 

Hambros Jap 8 F E 090 947 -13 048 

Metro* Scandm 98 * 730 +13 1 . 0 * I 

Hanmrta Euopam 003 981 +82 056 

HBnprm Canarian 440 *73 *24 1.68 ! 

Hwntxos Erjurry tec 772 021 +04 400 , 

Ramona M 2 560 * - 0 * 5 S* 

Hanaro* Res Asm 5*2 57 . 7 * +87 100 


Ranaarl/T Aormaratxjn 5 . Heytogli Rd. Hutton I 
ftantwood Essex 

IB 774 m 

Special Sis Inc 1179 1312 # + 0.4 t.M 1 

DoAceum 1050 1772 # -a* 103 I 

ReeoWMY Trust 910 9 J. 0 # +12 2 « 

Cap» Grown Inc 530 577 c +02 122 

DoACCuu 61.7 66 0 c +02 822 

teccma Aecacs un o i£B 0 e +10 *08 , 

Ftearcal Trust 13*9 1316 

tecome 5 OrowW tec 1320 1413 
00 Accun 2550 2713 +10 307 

Htgn tecome Traet 1 x 0 m 2 e -03 511 

Extra tecome 146 4 157 *# .. 403 

984 903 m +10 5 » | 

451 400 # + 0 . 710 ® I 
un Titre _ *12 460 # + 0.3 97 S 

n» 0 d yr-wTOj Trust 54 0 57 4 # +0 7 9 . 7 * 

Gtaea Hreuhcara 63 * 072 +21 001 

(Seta TBOI 1060 1124 -IS 022 

Goto 414 44 29 +0 « l« 

rrtemauonm 154 7 1 K .6 +17 022 

Global FT«ource» 854 70 . 1 m +1 * 34 * 

Vrortowtos ( 5 } 3378 3556 

AusMkan 600 661 

European 2154 22B8 

Euo smaller Cos 770 820 

Japan That 1155 1224 # + 4 J 0 .** 

Japan Special Ssa 11811266 *39 001 

pacric &rao<tt Cos 502 81.7 -IS 199 

Smpapara 8 Mafiry 217 254 # -03 220 

Hortfr Amartem TJ 02 1483 

Amar Smsaar Coa 510 XI 

Amar Racorery T» 1198 1284 -10 08 # 

Higll mcoroe Exempt 1124 1183 # -13 638 

Srotler Cos Exempt 1105 1163 +10 283 

Euro Exempt ( 5 ) 1035 108 9 c +3 8 1-53 

Japan Exan#t ( 5 } 1079 1118 # *3£ 033 

N Amer 8 S .3 000 

Gtooal Tert> Ex SI S 4 4 888 
Pacific Exempt ( 5 ) 137.5 1 * 4.7 

* 5 . B e a c h SL EC 2 P 2 LX 
01-028 3011 

BriVstl Trust Unis 5088 X 13 -82 3.12 

Capital Tract Unxs 930 996 # +02 292 

Doaor Trial Unae 1022 1910 + 2 -Q 203 

Eunpeso Trust U796 1168 *62 032 

Far East TruR 9 B 5 10*8 + 3 * 226 

Fmaneal Trua 3330 35 * 3 c -13 2*5 

Gft F«aO Rt Inc 212 294 # +03 903 

Do Grown 413 * 17 # +09 7.73 

rt«h Yreto TlUB 60.1 6*0 -0 3 5.40 

tecoma Trua 75 Z fiat -10 406 

marotoUnal tos .1 115.1 *23 265 

japan TscnTa 309 320 +15 0.45 

Natural Fteasuces 295 31 4 -14 2*2 

SacuayTruN 1720 1830 # -02 113 

SnBAte Cos 712 SOD -LA 104 

Spec* Sds W 3 9 * 0 # -20 280 


32 Oueen Anrss Gala. Londui SWIM sab 
01-222 1000 

IBi Bnt 8 O'seas 1 M .1 13*2 *41 m 

fB Hun Income 34.7 570 . . 930 

IBI Seaxtrr &n 54.7 576 -05 200 

invesonent T# Fnd 626 053 -08 ISO 


20. Fencnurcn SL Loneoa EC 3 

01-623 8000 

Amw Growtti inc 02 7 665 # -22 111 

Ob ««cum 6*0 679 # +17 . 

Find fii» TCI Inc 17.7 19 1 # . 20 * 

DO Accum 22 * 3*2 -03 . . 

Hon Y#to Inc (104 I 2 SJ -0 ( SJ 7 

Do Aconn 1914 2028 - 0 « . 

m I Becorery Inc 908 962 *10 106 

Do Accun 9*9 1 X 6 +19 .. 

Japan urowtn tec 712 762 c +26 .. 

to Accum 715 78 «c +25 .. 

Sma i e r Cot Inc 137.6 1400 *10 2.03 

Do 4 caam 170.1 192.4 -12 .. 

UKEd Grown inc 26.4 283 # -02 148 

Do Accun *35 * 85 m -03 . 

Wortdwroe Tech tec *09 *lsm -0 8 000 

to Accun 412 44.1 -00 ,, 

B *1 Offer Otng Yld 

Do Accun 1853 196.1 4 - 1.1 18 * 

VRsUwtda Growth ix.s iao 3 +J 7 1 . 1 s 

Do Mcun Txl 2520 -00 1.15 

20. CWtan SL Icniton SC 2 A 844 X 
01-820 0311 

EraxtyJJW - - -1087 1157 

Do Aeon 1518 1610 

Oft Tnj*» 510 X 8 

Do Acorn 5 A 8 ®5 

HWi hcamt Olat 819 883 c- 
Do Accun 962 1024 C 

US Grown H* 573 # 

Do /team s *0 683 # 

WrfnUde Park. Exator EX 5 IDS 
0392 S 21 X 

General Tool 406 435 -00 300 

tecome Trust 332 3 S 5 # +02 840 

teaamaeonaf TruH 28 8 3 i 8 *88 180 


Thrae Quays. Toner HM BC 3 R 6 BO 

01-826 46 W 

BU Otter dng 

Euo Gn tec 
Do Accun 
Stater Goa Inc 
Oo Accum 

1237 1320 
104.4 1110 
1260 1333 
963 1027 
1010 1087 

:& a 

+70 1.18 
+07 2-70 
-as 270 


1 Tectentoar 

Ana Grown 

BU Oder Cnng Yld 

-27 *48 
+33 .. 
+32 .. 
+04 303 
+03 .. 
.. 1*2 
+32 £03 
+10 433 

+10 404 
+08 40 * . 
+10 STB 1 
♦ 1.1 4.76 
+03 1.13 
+00 1.13 

181 Hope 9 *v 
041 221 9252 

tor tmo 

f UB 

B 3 
. ’ 1482 

1088 1182 # +30 are 
2027 2163 +t* 1 .03 

1770 1880 +04 100 



««. Gracechutti SL EC 3 P Ml 
01-623 4200 Ext 288 
NPl UK 1910 20*0 +32 810 

Do Accun 306 J 326 3 + 5-1 3.10 

NPl Overseas 5200 5532 # +128 1.10 
Do Accun 634.1 6740 # + 15.7 1.10 
fir Cast Acc 8(0 at# + 1.8 030 

DO Dtel 81-1 65 . 0 # + 1-7 130 

American Acc 556 592 + 0.8 100 

Do DM 981 587 +85 100 

Smaftr Go a Dir 
Prei S Gte 

Gte Trust 

Gwoal Teat 


Global Resources 
Wortdi «te (S) 

Euo Smaller Cos 
Japan Trial 
Japan toecM Sets 

Amer Smrt ar Coa 

+53 338 
- 0.1 0.91 
*62 0.76 
+10 03 * 

+18 OX 
-10 001 
-14 056 

201.0 rule .. MB 

4330 4*90 .. 509 

1030 1102 # -07 210 
1250 1340 -07 210 

217.1 2323 +01 274 

337 .* 3010 

S 59 -B «*.1 +78 30 * 

Ell 32 126 * + 0.18 38 * 

5 S .1 821 # +03 937 

883 927 +1 4 937 

* 1.7 * 5.0 
*3 B 473 
2083 3085 

76*3 0180 _ „ 

0087 7474 # +130 038 
£ 11.14 11 929 +001 236 
55-7 SO +03 522 

Amar 8 Gan tec 2180 231 .T# -40 r» 

DO Accun 2526 2670 * +*7 if* I 

Amar Recovery 5472 Z 82.0 

Do Accun 2874 284,0 

Am snatar One 587 029 +10 881 | 

Do Accum 58 B S 14 # +10 001 1 

Auer 4 Gan tec 682 730 # * W f.J* 1 

Do Accun 743 794 # +10 1.11 

Comm & Gan tec 15*3 itt. 1 # + 0-8 17 

Da Accun 201.4 * 144 # +os 117 1 

Qmwd Groan sre.i jws +sjs jsi 

Conrerston Growth 308 * 3270 # * 4-7 2 K 
00 tec 170.7 1004 # + 0.1 856 

Ofirtdand Fuad tee 3780 * 01.0 +15 <« ; 

DO Accun ( 10-92 1148 +010 433 ■ 

Europare 8 General U 13 1617 
DO Acorn M 83 2187 

Exn* nau mc ano 2121 c .. 6 JB 

Oo Aram 
Far Eastern Inc 
Do Accun 
Fited W^lrar tec 

C Do JraSn" 1 * ni 42 126 * +OJ 8 18 * 
G* AFhuo W 
Oo Accum 
Goto ineoma 
Oo Accun 
HWi tecune tec 
Do Accun 

ted Growth Inc ... _ __ _ 

Do Accum £ 11.14 1192 # *001 236 
tell toe tec 55.7 S 0 *03 Sg 

Japan 4 Gan tee 4885 6260 +26 s 000 

Do Accun 6303 S 713 +285 000 

Japan Snuiar Acc 763 013 +22 001 

MxBnd 8 Gan tec 5043 S 35 JZ + 7.1 8 W 
Do Accum £1238 1113 +017 437 
Recovery Find tec 31 ** 3333 + 5.0 119 

to Acorn sail 427.3 *73 119 

Second Gan Inc 6373 6764 +I 0 fl 166 
to Accum E 12<3 1117 +O 10 308 

Snudter Cos tec 
Do Aram 
Trmtee find lac 
to Amen El 104 1267 +013 409 

enwoond Inc ( 3 ) 

Oo Accun ( 3 ) 

CteWgnd tec Cl 

Do Accun Cl - . _ 

Pwuton EratTK* ( 1 ) 422 * 4410 
NAACTF tec Q 1 _ 383 

Oo Accum ( 3 ) 403 

11 . Devonaara Sq. London ECCM 4 YR 
01-623 4273 

Eowy &empl 3762 3918 c + 4.6 256 
DQ Accun 4683 490 8 a +109 255 

UK Msreal Feature . 8*0 08 * +21 139 

Do Aram 854 890 +20 199 

Jwtet Padormanea 101 J ma 2 +37 0.13 

DO Accum 1018 tOSS + 38 013 

US Specfel Feature 645 6 BJ +08 082 
DO Accun 6*9 682 +05 0 82 

Goto & Praoore M« si t **. 0 # +19 is* 
DoAceum 423 460 # +18 134 

US Seedai tec S 53 589 # +1 0 53 r 
to Aram 588 625 # +10 53 1 

Eutoean tort tec 71.7 782 # +27 032 
Do Accun 717 783 # +28 002 


99 - 100 . Scrtotog Rd. UMMOrta. Kara MC 14 1 XX 

0629 674751 


PO B ex *- N orwich «n 3 MG 

0689 822200 

Gn» Trua ni or iU6# +023 301 
fiRTrua 1183 1214 +04 1-56 

68 . Cannon Streai, London LG 4 fJ 6 AE 
owusp 01-238 tfaswiaMo 

sn— r co a Inc 138 LO i*t 
Sped# StaDcm - 088 82 
UK EtedN 1703 182 

US&owtti.-- - 71 . 1 . 76 

UWvet m Growtl 77.1 .82 
scmooeiuMriRUBT • . 
Emarprtse Houw, Pa nw opat 
0705 827738 
Asnwxan Inc 
Do Accyai . 

AmWmn tec 
Do Ara m 
Euapean nc 
to Accum 
On t Rxpd tec 
Do Accun 
Gc*d Fund tec 
On Accun 

+23 1-35 
+30 *38 
+09 2 JZ 
+25 218 
-07 1.65 
♦20 132 

daNtogs 01-230 3885 / 6 / 7 / 8 /S /0 
tera iu OT l Growte 1280 1370 

Room* 6 Grttai 56 T 7 607 

SoscM&B 713 784 

Amertoan Growth 320 35.11 

Japan Qroaiih **3 *80 

^ K 0 

todfle Grown 388 410 

Hioji tecoma 207 310 

Practical tecune *W 51 3 ' 

Do Accun 087 823 i 


2 S 2 «« Hoteun wciv 7m 
31-405 «47 

1280 1370 +86 030 

587 60 7 +86 100 

783 784 +22 4 . 4 0 

320 35 . 1 W +00 070 
440 480 *10 .. 

560 582 +15 130 

SOI 538 +04 000 

386 *10 +20 0-10 

297 310 -02 830 

460 51 3 c +07 230 
887 923 c +12 230 

Growth Fuel inc 
Do Accun 
tecoma Fund 
Ir# Eu+y tec 

tt» 4 cnm 
Una Tmai ten 
Do Accum 

036 883 
1234 1310 
1108 1170 
1140 1213 
1146 1218 
1173 1254 
2017 2140 

+23 20 
+32 248 
+20 427 
+36 1.72 
+30 1-72 
+23 131 
+33 331 

Cl 243 1117 + 0.19 168 

5087 0360 # +26 272 
9188 9924 # + 4.1 272 
4194 4*88 *43 438 

El 18* 1267 +013 409 

1100 + 1 V 4 HO 


3500 agis 

90 C 3 9113 + 10-1 5-91 

«* *«* +9 0 4 78 

♦20 188 
+37 0.13 
+38 013 
+00 0 ® 
*05 OK 


48 . Hart Street Henley On Thames 

0*91 576065 

fi« Gronte 2467 26*0 

tecoma i 77 .o i »6 

WorfcMda Rac l* 0 .t 150 . 4 # 

Amar Growth 672 722 # 

tell Emero Coll 75 7 823 

Far Eeat Grvnh 00 4 6*3 

Euopean Qti 828 567 

+25 13 * ; 
+ 2.7 134 • 
-Ol 136 
-Ol 138 
+44 7.16 | 
+40 1.18 
*08 956 
+10 906 
+03 4.01 
+03 40 T 
+10 *35 I 
♦ 23.405 1 
+32 075 
+44 675 
+ 4.7 WO 
-10 ISO 
-03 150 
+ 1.0 106 
+ 1.1 106 
+27 132 
*28 132 
+28 0-26 
+23 026 
-13 024 
♦12 110 
+17 3.10 
.. 276 
♦19 1.65 
+192 345 


28. tt Anuowa Sq, EMxwgh - 

031SS6 0101 

ted tedonte IMS 137.7 M 80 +1 o 136 

Do Accun 2029 2159 +10 306 

19 . St Anorawa Sq. Edtotartte 
031 225 221 1 

UK Eqcfcy 1700 1613 

American M 33 1533 

Paoflc 131.6 1*00 

European • 198.1 2090 

Bid GH*r Gang Yld 

7204 1296 
670 927 
I 960 . 1142 # 
9*20 2592 # 
1023 1070 # 
585 625 
1065 1 U 0 
783 816 # 
695 7*2 

184 186 
781 750 
085 - 9*0 
166 181 
627 673 # 
005 663 # 
44.1 . 489 # 
514 582 c 
1308 1408 
724 773 
1353 1450 

Oo Accun 
Jap Sntft Co ’9 Ac 
Scxnpor* 4 Malay 
• Do Accun 
Smaier Coatee 
Do Accum 
Special Sam tec 
to Acorn 
Tofiyo fund tec 
Do Accum 
UB Smaller Co - * Ac 


a tor . .. 

. Euopaan Spe c Saa 
Extra a aro m a 
G 4 t tecoma 
Goto tec o ma 
Oo Accun 

Matey 6 Sfionn 

Paohc me - 

■ DO niwirr 
teal 9mm Fd 
tIK Capsx 
Soaoal So 


wbddmde Caprer 

2 . St May Axa, Lo 
m SB833SB 
SmaBar Co* - 


M#maH Horoa. 2. PMtfv Dock, London EC*V 

01-248 1250 

385 309 # +11 079 
.. 460 587 ...+ 85. 231 
38 3 42.1 +10 01*4 

. 56 1 58.7 . +05 ioi|* 
44.4 473 # +03 72 J 
307 327 -.+00 811 
400 430 . +10 135 
588 582 *11 272 

590 685 # +03 284 

♦as 8 » 

+10 695 
+12 13 * 
+17 BK 
-07 139 
-10 T 39 
-06 47 ? 
+83 010 
-07 1*3 
+04 009 
+00 006 
+0 3 980 
+20 197 
-13 094 
- 2 * 0 T 0 
+14 685 
+ 1.0 T. 7 B 


222 . Bahopnte, London EG 2 
01 - 3*7 75 * 2/7 

Hipn Income 



Eta Income 

983 1060 
1640 174 5 
90 s 959 # 
1313 141 . 6 c 
1370 1482 
TB 4.1 1952 
1125 12 UJ 
774 82-10 

+40 13 S 
+81 5.15 
+10 131 
+0 8 030 
*24 08* 
+10 104 
+10 200 

+04 128 
+30 *26 
+10 520 
-30 023 
-30 2.12 
-32 1.40 
- 1.0 155 
+04 621 

+33 133 
+10 10 * 
+40 007 
+ 6.1 089 

+24 248 | 
+10 849 
+29 109 
+ 62-102 
+10 103 1 
+ 4 .T 101 

51 - 39 . Ward «. Mord Essex. KS1 20 L 
01-478 3177 

Woteo m Equity 3830 4083 +5 

ftroprwi 76,1 809 +1 

Hcrtom Oonane 61 J 5*9 +0 


109 . Vtecant SL GMa # tm 02 5 HN 
0 * 1-348 6100 

UK €quhf •• 1888 1701 

GR 8 Fbad . 1122 1190 
UK Sn* CtfS Eq 13*2 1420 

European 1670 177.7 

N Amencan 1050 1120 

Pacific 1240 1320 


29 . Oiartotte Sq. Gomhugh 
031-226 4372 

Ptctac «34 res +ii 088 

WCrM Groreh 320 3*0 +17 073 

N American 333 360 +00 0.82 

.Income Fund *17 4 * 0 # +04 8 . 1 * 


PO a» 002 . EOrbuTOi BUB 58 U 

03 T -655 6000 

Heteom Equity 3818 4083 +53 326 

Eixopean 761 809 +14 030 

Homom Comma 617 5*9 +03 102 

Moment Hah Me 6 l. ( 650 # .. 807 

Hoteom art 851 907 # +10 077 

Japanese 698 7 * 2 # +20 005 

N Amencan 6 «.! «ai +12 108 

Hoteom Spec SIN 682 613 +09 105 

Hoteom UK Growth 77.1 820 # +10 237 

Hdfeom OH Trust 1706 7770 *40 803 

Pag Eq inc 
to Accun 

217.7 231.7 
2*80 2640 

+20 193 i 
+11 393 

mla Ganar# 
MLA mremuon# 
MLA Gft urn 
MLA Kama 
MLA Ewnpaan 

810 837 + 0.7 222 

480 Sit +14 103 
215 349 # +051040 
363 381 # +06 511 
28.7 288 +10 008 

31+5 Gresham SL London EC 2 V TlH 
01-600 4177 

Cknoram Ganarai *013 4270 +202 3 ® 
Chauara Moama 2190 2330 +80 570 
Quadrant ted Fd 361.7 3700 +46 1 19 
OuaUant Recovery 2372 252 *c +80 28 * 

St Stain* Lroe. London EC*P 4 DU 
01-290 5*66 

38 CBy flood, lendon ECTY 2 AY 
01-6368011 . . 

Amar Ton 6 Gan 1032 1104 +22 137 

PeOOe 1380 W 64 + 2 * 010 

Sac income Fnd 1614 T 72.7 +28 400 

Spedel SKuatkw 189.7 2010 - -10 245 

Energy t Rre 26.1 289 +00 3 S 0 

Amahcan Uff XI 893 743 .+00 004 

Srart Co’s 360 375 # +00 300 

Jsoui Tadl 6 GO) 74.7 79 B +10 110 

w n anu u cpa l kroafta B-i 580 * +00 8 S 7 

Exairan 518 * »13 + 193.201 : 

UK Gta 29 . 7 .310 +07 270 

Euro Growth 274 283 -- . . 

Eoru tecoma 20. 1 31.1 

91 - 99 . Near London Kl CbataNlota. - 
02*5 51661 . . 

GQtemoo tec ffl 4313 * 503 c +*« l» 

Do Accum « 7019 73 ** +70 332 

fiattog Fond K) 2253 2 * 1.7 +26 *ti 

to Accun Ml 2470 2646 +27 111 

FMq AD t Gen (fl 3180 2270 # + 9.1 077 

to Accum HJ- 8*11 2583 # +W 0 077 

FMdteO tec Fund (•) 1632-1710 +31408 

SAW Amer ( 3 > ISO I 1 S 79 +53108 

S 3 « Sn# Sacs 1302 129.1 . +20 030 

Tl CertYtue fe. BnaW 
027 ? 7322 a( - 

to AX _ 

,CWM 3094 3283 # +64 179 

toAccum 5 * 6.7 5793 # *08 179 

Exempt 2614 2784 # -04 60 S 

Do Accum 5870 625 B# -1 7 635 

FarEastam 1323 1413 # +23 099 

to Accum 1423 1520 #- +27 099 

ten 3 Prop 

to Accum . _ 

GN Gaped 121.1 12589 + 1.7 3 L 75 

to Acorn 1381 1413 # +13 8754 

On tecoma 1069 1093 # +14 9M? 

Do Accun 1683 1783 # -22 836 

HlUiYMd 500 536 700 803 

Do ACCU 1 T 1074 1144 “ 

tacnaw 0100 2 Z 5 T# 

Oo Accum 6473 8880 

ted Eamtas* 1581 1614 

Do Accun 2284 2*30 .. 

fim Grown 

Do Aceom _ „ 

Jun Growth Acc 823 88.1 

Nnni Raaoucaa ms 172 J 

Do Accum 2300 2*10 

N Amar Growth 117 .I 1250 

to Acc 1350 1450 +03 131 

toN 111 1 1184 - 0611 .® 

Do Accum 2784 29*4 +161102 

Stater C 0 » Ov tec 50 3 516 
to Aram «S 605 . ... 

Smaflar Cos 1787 1383 # +33 288 

to Aram 235.1 250 ** + 9.1 240 

sptoeisn . 088U32.1 -US 222 
to Accum ; . .880 1060 + 1.6 232- 

Eucpaan Growth 90.7 060 * +24 132 

-02 843 
16 641 
+13 631 
+27 IB 
+39 101 
+18 031 
+14 031 
+24 000 
+26 247 

+04 101 
+03 101 
+ 0611 ® 
+10 809 
+10 60 S 
+83 288 
+ 9 .J 2 » 

•+I4 as 

+14 222- 
+20 132 

+22 111 
+17 . 

. 23 * 
-03 .. 
-Ol 577 
- 0 > . 
-13 1.96 
+19 .. 
+26 .. 
♦25 .. 
*10 103 
*12 .. 
*02 148 
*03 . 
-08 008 
-00 ,, 

2 Si Mary An. London ECJa 
01 - 623 1212 Deaton 01-823 5766 Oaafing 01-623 


Amancan Trua 90 5 96 B -0 5 0.00 

Australian Trust 192 204 + 0.6 0 *? 

Brnsn Tsi Aram 513 556 * -21 223 

Do Dai 454 488 # + 1.9 223 

Go mm oday Shan ST 4 6 Q . 7 - 1 ? '26 

Europe#* Trust * 5 * * 86 # *20 060 

Expa Income Trust 4*4 *00 -05 533 

F+r Eastern Trail 96.1 1050 -3 7 0 *Q 


tan House. GopteaH Are. EC 2 R 79 E I 

01-588 Z 800 

tecoma Fund 3879 3953 # +11 0 53 * . 
tanueanal a Gan 2218 55 * 84 # *3.7 aafi 

B ramwooe Essai 

EqiMT Oetrouuon 2382 2762 # +19 221 1 

strewn, srorenapaytert. 

Growm Unis 70.1 7*0 + 0.5 298 

GMCFtoMKH 1070 1104# +24 838 
H^h tecome tore 1042 llOJe -0.1 542 
Hteh Yiate &h Um 533 E54# +071001 
Ind Growth Urns 1092 1160 +50 00* 

N Amencan Unta 689 71.1 +29 057 

Far East urns 753 800 +22 ore 

Smarter Cm Fund 621 660 +04 107 


UNCddi HM. 262 Rumtord Rd. E 7 

01-234 5544 

Maneap mi 1373 *21 425 

33 . luna Wtftain SL EC*H BAS 

01-280 2960 

NC Amsrtea tec 2853 283.1 + 3 * 107 

toAcam 2863 XH .5 +26 107 

NC Enar® Res 1389 147.7 -10 244 

NC tecome 8*0 894 -04 190 

NC Japan MU Iftj H? MB 

nc Smarter cue 126 J 1317 # -ta zjo 

NC 3 m*r Enron Ga'a 1504 M* -40 Q 46 

NC Exmnpt S nM.O 1 M 0 +50 708 

NC Amer tap S 1 L ?7 1218 

NC Prooeny 1680 i 860 


33 King VTfept SfietL London EC*R 9 AS 
O 1 - 6 M 067 B 

Aiuema n H) 212 0 2180 *84 ■ 

5*cums S 6 Z 0 6770 # *280 ! 

High Yield % 1 W 0 1 S 74 +64 l 

Unto ( 3 ) 35 C 4 36 OS -14 

Ftoad fiaarost I 860 i 870 e + 74 _ 

JSCW 1 Tsch 8 G#i 74.7 798 +10 110 

w n anw u cPB i kxens B .1 580 * +04 8 S 7 
Exempt 518 * 5510 + 180.201 

UK tonaral 29 . 7 .210 +07 220 

Euro Growth 274 280 .. . . 

Earn tecome 29.1 31.1 


a3n * oecZMSPT 

Specta SUB (5) *85 610 ' +00 148 


te«me IWB 2400 2674 + 0.7 113 

GO Accun Urxts 2830 2822 +40 113 

STEW^raoHY UNnnmnr 

45 . CfiataM Sq.teomm 
031-226 3271 

+30 108 
+ 3.7 138 
+10 4.72 
+17 472 
+44 149 
+ 4.7 158 

F+r Eaucm Trait 96.1 1090 
Reed InW&H Fund 253 270 
GA Trust 26 1 272 

Octal Puv Accun 1470 1568 
Do tor 140 * 149 * 

Odd Snare Trust 136 1*5 
Hedged Ame+can 281 299 
Hrei teccma That 1250 13171 
Hong Kong Trust 2*0 260 
Income Fund 665 7101 

26 1 272 c + 0610.01 
1470 1568 +26 02 S 

140 * 149 * +04 025 

136 1*5 -00 1 . 

281 299 -05 81 

1250 1307 # +04 5 *. 
M 9 2666 -03 094 

Do Accum 
to teccma 
Far Eastern 
OH Trust 
NT luiugac 
Nnaal feq 
H Antarcan Trua 
UK Soecai as 

*030 * 310 # +82 £01 
S 6 & GO 5 40 S *06 

620 666 # +20 105 
669 71.6 +20 OSS 

7*4 787 *08 586 

683 731 +06 104 

460 490 -00 158 

710 760 # + 0.7 182 
56 * 603 *02 124 

2310 2 * 60 # +05 256 
377 1 401 . 1 # + 5 -* 25 S 
850 66.1 +16 704 

93 A 6*0 * 1.7 794 

720 7TA9 ' - 1.4 *02 
930 SS.I# -00 4 82 
2050 £169 +60 105 

2 S *.0 2702 + 11,0 105 

UXBabrcedlnc 605 662 *16 253 

to A«om 639 682 -16 293 

UK Grewitr Aenan 88 1 728 +10 172 

UK Hch tec k« 60.1 64.1 - 6.9 5 *5 

N Amancan Accum 624 868 -03 i.SO 

F» Eastern Accun 62.6 668 »t , 075 

bHWfii Accun 68 * 730 *10 (JO 

UK UK 8 ft Inc 520 557 -10 898 

to Accum 520 55.7 + 1 6 699 


Artnxi Centra. Hexagon Hcu+a. 28 . western 
Run Rumtaia RMI 3 LB 
01-373 7261 

Endurance 970 1010 +09 307 

36. FGuram Sl Manchester 
061-236 5885 

Japan Trust 
Managed Exempt 

665 710 # -04 167 
CS 351 4706 +1 05 2.14 

1 QBL 1 115.1 -36 OOO 

2617 2843 *54 321 


negunars Dpi Genr»By- 5 aa. wonhw ft w ' 

Managed Exempt 2617 28*0 *54 321 

04 SEnargy Trust 31 5 336 # - 0.8 107 
Swoal fire T *9* St* 925 +25 1 .® 

UK Sn* Cs Rac Ta 6*1 686 *03 103 

(teraMSHi me. 77 . Lonoon wal. Lander EC 2 N 

01.588 5620 

ted Crown 71 7 766 +05 100 

American Growth 60 7 6 * 9 -01 * Si 

American Inc 662 707 # -OB 580 

Euitttai Grown 17901914 -98 023 

Gald S Minerals *20 *55 1 87 

Japan Crown 1017 1320 -3 1 001 

Peer*; name «29 ff *2 -10 386 

UK tops 77 0 82 . 7 # * 1.1 21 # 

Beyai Exetana*. EC 3 P 3 DN 
01-686 9903 

Do Aram 
Eiwgv uni 
DO Accum 
Ertra fitEoms 
Do Accum 
German Gm me 
Do Accian 
to Accun 
tee Tapi 
to Ara*n~ 
Japan tower 
Do Aeeam 
N Amo 6 Gan 
to Accum 
Paerf< Bass' 

Do 4 mm 

172.4 1640 
3836 3347 
450 * 6 *# 
499 S 30 
1*5 D 1550 
256.1 270.9 
60 * 640 
H* 545 
2*70 2644 
479 7 5110 
1720 16*0 
1802 192.7 
570 £r S 
570 816 
97 7 104 4 
1051 1124 

*14 I® 
*2A 308 I 

. *00 I 

-01 400 
*07 445 
-I 1 4.45 
*37 018 
- 3.7 O .19 
+ 2 B 459 
♦54 459 
-57 MO 

*56 050 
+20 002 
+20 a® 
•15 101 
♦10 101 

Am# Grata NI 1X8 +30 (08 

Du Accun 99.1 (040 + 3.7 1 38 

Amar teeom* *82 512 +10 * 72 

to Accum 48 * 520 +17 472 

Brepean Grota n 06 1(78 +40 109 

to *ram 1137 ms + 4.7 10 s 

Gmar* 2310 2460 # +09 206 

Do Accun 377.1 401 . 1 # +SA 205 

GB l fired 850 66.1 + 1.6 704 

Do Accum 934 940 + 1.7 794 

tecuma 720 7TA9 ' - 1.4 *05 I 

to Aram 800 SS i# -02 4 82 

te wmaaoral 2090 2189 +60 195 

. Do Accun JS 4.0 2702 + 11,0 105 

Janan 1150 1212 +60 OD* 

to Accun 1160 1260 +60 00 * 

Racorery 1755 1857 *22 279 . 

Do Aram tag is 7.4 +20 2.79 

Exmrm Dtst 2163 2293 # +50 249 

Eremot Accun 3300 3 * 08 # +4 0 249 ' 


Ca m wood H e e . Star St-N—fl-SheWcre SI 3 BC | 
0742 798*2 ' 

Grata) teem 760 610 +10 241 

to Aram 1000 10 B * + 2-1 241 

Commodity A Gan 1103 117.7 +04 lOf , 

„ Du Aram 1520 1930 + 9 .* lOt ! 

Eta Hlgfi tee 5*0 685 *0 1 B 14 

Do Aram 621 66 2 +00 6.14 

&< 6 Fixed Inc 529 5529 +07 902 

DO Aram 84 8 886 # +10 902 

Far East A 

2120 2160 +55 203 

8880 677 . 0 # *260 202 

1540 1 S 70 +60 172 

3 G 6 3605 - 1.0 2.10 

1680 1670 C +70 206 
1835 12*00 +251273 
K 40 1670 + 7.0 030 

1150 1212 
1185 1260 
1705 1887 
i&S 1874 

+60 OW 
+60 OW 
*22 279 
+ 2 J 279 


Ne# HM Pace. LuarpooHJ» 3 HS 
051-227 4422 

Egv*y Treat 689 620 +69 2 S« 

MTruat 6*0 660 # +10 1-23 

GH Trret 862 270 +04 843 

US TruK 305 K-* +07 1.*9 

Praac Baam Tst 31.1 38 0 +06 06 * 

Regal ^London House. CtWwater C 01 IRA 

Amaricao Growtti 801 8 S 3 # +03 001 

2163 2293 # +60 248 
3300 3 * 08 # +40 249 

Curei Accum 

tagb team 
tecon# 6 Oowfft 

japar Growth 640 

Soadal Bta 96.7 1089 

801 9 S 3 # +03 001 
168.1 161 9 -20 222 

580 604 +00 6.16 

mi 7 * 5 # +09 582 
887 944 # *12 4.78 
640 687 +13 OW 

96.7 1020 c 400 101 

Amartean tad 2117 227.8 + a 1 222 

to Aram 2400 2540 + 6.0 222 

Op ta ldr a wal 15 CJ 1649 +30 222 

Atasttn tad 1103 1175 +10 098 

_ Oo. Accum 1110 1189 +10 898 

B(Wh tad S 2&3 5839 # . +70 428 

to Aram 7724 7388 # +105 428 

ftrawitad 2487 2(00 + 6.6 090 

DO Accun 2629 2800 - +00 000 

Jmtet Fited 3472 2833 # +70 039 

DO Accum 2479 264 . 1 # +79 038 

Sams PPP 1486 1544 


Sun ABsnce Use. Korsnam, tossex 
0*03 56233 

Eqrey That Acc 37 DD 3 SL 6 -60 225 
N Au Tore Acc . 540 £53 •. +00 196 

Far feat Tnm Acc 615 6 S 4 +18 101 

mom rmi • - 

POBtt S. KaanaHw. Aiaterer. Hants. SPio IPG 
026 * 02(86 Dwfc#WI 6433 

*60 225 
+00 106 
+ta 101 

+11 158 
+29 250 
+ 20 t» 

.. 200 

Craw ham 
to Aram 
Commodity A Gen 
to Aram 
Em Mgfi tee 
Do accun 
G 4 6 fixed inc 
Do Accum 

6 AVE 6 PRO 8 P 0 T 
28 western U Rcmtora RMI 3 LB 
66-71 Omen fitjilnUim* B£*NX 
(totetOfdl 070 BMGB & (Eeifd 031 -Z 26 7351 
Anrnr tec 6 GrowVl 682 700 +13 703 

CUM Unas 84 8 101.4 *13 2*3 

Comma** 487 490 # + 0.1 1 J 33 

EntrrayUW 413 463 # -00 165 

Euupvan Grow* 693 935 +34 007 

750 730 # .. 5.52 

American tt 
Do Aaann 
fen teccma tec 
to Aram 
General Unit Inc 
to Accun . 
GR 6 Fired tec 
Do Acorn 

SmMflr toa 6 Rac 1664 1770 

97.1 103 B# +10 038 
101 4 I® a# +20 038 

to aaeue 
Do Accum 
Japan & PwAc 
to Aram 
N Amancan tee 

1410 (904 +00 5.76 

23 *.l 2467 +14 5.76 

1610 1722 # +33 171 
267-9 2804 # - 3 £ 3.71 
2020 216 . 1 # +70 021 
2124 2766 # +70 02 « 
104.1 1110 + 2.1 1.19 

Exempt tec Boo 
Do ted 1 * 3 ) 

572 603 . 202 

’ 37.1 396 # +09 106 

689 920 +20 222 . 

warm 333 5600 +101052 

Mi rtaun Uta 1853.1787 +10 80 * 

Hal YlaN tons 1552 1855 + 4 * 170 

(fleams urns ©J 865 # +ff *» 

te re aurea t mat 794 8*0 - +10 297 

Do ted 1 * 3 ) 
E xO Btuat m 
finanwi fee* 
HI Fi tec 

Aram 3106 39 U +40443 

ta*ie nc ta* 1 132.1 +21 072 

DO Aram-. 1272 1364 - + 22.072 

tea Inc ' . 276.1 SSS 9 + 7.0 1.77 

GO Aram 3414 3632 . +86 127 

GcHCtad Opps m 560 600 # +00 (. 6 * 

- DO Accun 623 683 # +1 5 104 

mam naa *ai «S -5 +ai jjj 

toAcam- ' 440 469 + 0 . 1.232 

TarosjfijuM. n-a a nuuai Ro. Agfnaiuy Bucte 

1110 tt 8 S ' +10 050 
1150 1234 +10 000 

1006 1073 # 407 553 

3 * 8.1 2800 # +40 275 
460 5 Q 7 # ' +09 861 
523 549 # +10 858 
2023 2163 ' +29 443 

-740 787 -00 944 

180 2M9 -00 aw 
21.1 758 '.- 00.250 

310 830 -07 101 

+ 2.1 0 J 72 
+ 22.072 

-Hfcl 70 S 
+ 0 . 1 .Z 37 

Amar E* 0 a 
. ComriwdSV 

UK HtteWLCMoa Sl Saaaeury BP 1 39 H 
0722 888842 - 

UKEqutr TI 79 1842 . + 1.3 .. 

Pseuc Bren 1124 1192 +20 .. 

N Amer 1170 1243 +04 ^ 

a Htrnun yiHUBL S 71 A 2 SJ 
01-236 UB 

Grttartec T 7 S 0 1682 # +19 158 

Dd Accun 2540 270.8 *58 195 

PF«J?« 1913 2030 #. -03 are 

fFraal Sto 570 388 ' *04 28 * 

Tnreaa . 12*9 1328 + 1*178 

-Do Aram 186.7 IBB 0 +20 37 fl 

NHU 6 GM 561 597 + 1.1 T 64 

fittNertaWto < 4 ) £ 56.19 S 7.82 +142 331 

Nfingdon Ftdfn Aan 10*0 in . 7 +*£ 450 

«*ROLCTUwrrTOsra*ANACRt 5 . 
r 85 * 3 ?’.™**' 7 ' 0 e " aB »m* Sq- 

01 - 92 # 1632 

Araanaaijroat . 942.711 +o* ire 

Far East < Gao TOO 74 4 -OS 150 
w&pta ear e*8 *13 

Kems Tnm 7*0 806 *1 1 

r titan Grwrtl - 79 * 853 +24 020 

Saga Comumiaa 1710 UtO# +22 248 
T«»dO||y 34 * 370 406 020 

Agateala 423 CA +1 1 1 50 

J*Troaf 1270 1851 +20 250 

European GnnnH 480.492 + 20-120 

Wflng Kong 180 21 . 1 # . . 200 


.ass . Vl 

A n a tr u a n Ocht i ?0 184 # *01 a -J ' 
tarte Brete Energy 1 U 140 . . -02 Ojj 
CuauaaBtf Gft 469 500 .. tW 

Ofiiila Mat Fnd MOOS mo# -00 840 

SiiSR^ 681 - 

9 tt(M.QRtad . 600 810 ..137 

Quotarions oh this page refer 
. to Friday's trading 

"• E 3 t rtvtdena. e Cum dlyldwrd. * 
cum Np gt w t 6 ek spiK. » 
Cum all rany two or more of aboiro. ■ 
E* #fl nay (wo or n»orc of aMvoL 
OeaUqa or vatuaBoo days ill Mon- 
“ esdrer. < 5 t WegoretUy. ifi> 
ISlFTltttw. 4201 20 UI Of 
It 2 nd ThuraLav of mootn- 
■«# x» tad 3 rd Wednesday or monDi- 
( 23 J 20 th of. month. | 2 «» 1 »(J Tuesday 
of month. 136 ) 1 st and 3 rd Thursday 
M month. ( 26 j dm Tuesday in 01 
( 27 ) in Wednesday hi .month. 

Last TTiurMUV m manta t 29 i 3 rd 
wbiUi# day of month. (309 I 6 ih rt 
month, isn 1 st woruna day of 
month - i»l 2 Gth of manttv .< 3 ?) 1 st 
day -of raonary. Mur. AudihL 
Noremher. t 3 *) Last w«Um day of 
. month. ( 3 B> i«i of montn. ( 36 i idin 
pf rztottOt. ta 7 ) Slot rt month. 1331 3 rd 
Wednesday of month. £ 59 > 3 M 
WfdMMay of month. i 40 > Valu«ri 
- monthly, -tan Last Thursday rt stock 
E x cti a ny account (dg) Last day « 
month. < 42 i 2 nd am *Ui iwdnsdi., 
or tapaOt. <*n Quaterty. t*3l90i a* 

■' 2 nd T^Mflay rt month 




I - 




The tone- of the £79 miffion 
bid from IM1 for Martonair 
International came as a re- 
freshing relief after the exces- 
sive. language, and tactics 1 
employed in some of ; the 
,mega4»ds in progress at the 

IMT and Martonairseem to 
have nothing hut respect for 
each other’ s abilities. The two 
companies know each other 
wdD through their strong, 
positions in the pneumatics 
industry worldwide. 

Martonair’s rejection of 
IMTs opening salvo is mildly 
worded and appears Id hinge 

solely mi price. Martonair 

knows there are other poten- 
tial bidders and is rightly not 
prepared to throw in its hand 
with IMT until the market has 
been tested to obtain the best 
possible deal for sharehold- 

Thai said, the price IMI is 
offering looks fairiy generous. 
It became more generous 
yesterday as IMTs shares rose 
on excellent 1985 results, 
announced yesterday , and on 
market perceptions of tfae 
industrial Logic of the offer. 

IMI madd pretax profits of 
£57.8 miDrofl, 28 percent up 
on 1984, on sales only 4 per 
cent higher. It also raised its 
dividend to 5.25p, a rise of 
16. 7 jper cent The margins on 
its fluid power business, 
which it wants' to group with 
Martonair’s pneumatic con- 
trol equipment, rose to . a 
handsome 13-2 per cent from 
2,8 per cent four years ago. 

. The synergy argument is a 
in the US and less successful, 
in Germany. Martonair lias 
done well in' Germany and 
less well in the US. On both a 
geographical and product ba- 
sis, the two companies are a 
good fit and together they 
stand a better chance of 
competing with the large 
Japanese, German and 
US competitors. 

At a closing price for IMI 
shares of 1 65p, up 1 5p yester- 
day, the offer values Marton- 
air shares at 605p each, 
compared with a- price of 
’410p before the bid approach 
was revealed last week. The 
exit p/e ratio on historic 
earnings is a far-from-mean 

It could be argued that IMI 
is paying too much, given the 
potential, danger that , the 
pneumatic industry is at the 
top. of its cycle. There is a ; 
feeling jo some qtyaQ(xs: that 
IMI would dobetiertomove 
into an entirely new area 
rather than, put too many eggs 
in thepneumatic basket 

There is also the danger of 
a competition reference ail 
argues that the combined 
share of the British pneumatic 

control • equii 

would be under 20 per cent, 
but that all depends on how 
the Office of Fair Trading 
segments the market 
..For.: . the' moment, 
Martonair shareholders 
•’ should sit tight and see if any 
other bidders are flashed out • 


Since „ 1982, when 
PUkington acquired .-its 29.5 
cent holding in Ubbey- 
■Ford of Ohio, the 
corporate planners have been 
considering the strategic next 
step. Not being a company to 
^riisft into thing s, PUkington 
chose, to wait for a -full 
tumround to profits at LOFs 
glass business before suggest- 
ing the swap of its near one- 
thnd stake in LOF for the 
glass operations, which con- 
veniently account for about a 
third of LOF sales. 

The deal values the glass 
operations at about $310 
million (£225 million), allow- 
fbr the $70 million debt 
PiDdngton win take bn 
board.' As an independent 
company, the glass business - 
would have contributed pre- 
tax profits of about $47 
million in 1985, $11 million 
up on Filkington's share of 
profits from its LOF holding. 
In 1986 LOF glass sates are 
expected to increase from 
$690 million to $785 million 
which, on maintained mar- 
gins, will . mean operating 
profits of more than $57 
million and a useful boost to 
’ earnings next year. - 

The acquisition makes 
PiDtington the iuufisputed 
world leader in floaf glass 

cantiy shift the geographical 
habneft of the company so 
that about a third of sales 
arise in the USL 

Meanwhile, Filkington's 
plans to expand its electro- 
optical and ophthalmic inter- 
ests run on with the. 
acquisition of a . US electro- . 
optical company under nego- 
tiation. It is more than ayear 
since Pilkington’s £105 mflr 
Uon rights issue, but when the 
company's year . ends on 
March 31 net debt is unlikely 
to be higher than 30 per cent 
of shareholders’ funds so, 
white the company digests 
LOF and Syntex, further 
small purchases are likely. 

PUkington will next- year 
drop its additional depseoa^ 
tibn charg e , . and profits: — 
aftercontinuing redundancy 
chafes — ' could reach £174 
muncm compared with die' 
£132 million (on the same 
basis) expected by the market 
for 1985-86. 

. The shares, up 13p at 43 
have risen from below ‘ _ 
at the time of the interim 

. results, and are selling on 10 
times prospective earnings. 
The .re-rating should have 
furthe r to go. 

• : 11)G 

You might expect a company 
' run predominately by Scots 
to be cautious. But. in the 
road transport business, it is 
the only way to stay alive and 
Transport Development 
Group has done more than 
just stay alive. 

Beinga true service compa- 
ny, its fortunes are inextrica- 
bly Jinked with those of its 
customers. Its road haulage 
companies must be .abfe to 
respond quickly to increases 
. m demand in the economy to 
enable it to deliver higher 
quantities of goods to the 
consumer. Its storage busi- 
ness will thrive when manu- 
facturers have the confidence 
to rebuild stocks. These two 
activities together account for 
about 85 per cent of TDG’s 

The 1985 results an- 
nounced today ■ showed a 
pretax profit of £29.7 millibit, 
up 23 per cent on last year. 
Some of this is : due to the 
company's own efforts to 
turn round some of its poor 
performers and shift invest- 
ment out of unproductive 
assets. Some ofh is due to an 
increase in traffic volumes in 
the United Kingdom. 

- TDG is a prime beneficiary 
of Opec’s problems. It has an 
annual fuel bill of more than 
£100 million, amounting to 
between 20 and 25 pet* cent of 
'tnrnbveri A 2p a gallon M in 
the . price of diesd will feed 
through directly to a £1 
million benefit to pretax prof- 

This improvement in mar- 
gins is likely to be temporary 
as customers will themselves 
seek price reductions. But 
there will be a time 
lagAriqther area of improve- 
ment is likely to be the 
United Stales. Since deregu- 
lation of tire road turning* , 
industry in the early 198&, 
TOG'S West Coast subsidiary 
: Wiffig has been able to ex- 
pand organically from Calk 
forma info Nevada, Arizona 
arid Oregon. It is one of the 
lowest cost operators in the 

The group is very optimis- 
tic about its prospects in the 
United Kingdom where it 
still earns 62 per cent of its 

- The market was favourably 
impressed with these results 
and marked the shares up 
from 161pto 174p. Given the 
positive outlook for the econ- 
omy as a whale and oil prices 
in particular, a rating of 1 1 
times 1986 earnings does not 
took too demanding. 


Second liners outpace blue chips 

Stock markets continued 
buoyant on speculative buying 
in the wake of new takeover 
situations. Although (town 
slightly at the dose, shares 
were spurred by the prospect 
of a 12 per cent bank base rate 
next week. 

The main activity was cen- 
. lered on secondary issues 
where double figure gains were 
cOmmon, with jobbers becom- 
ing acutely short of stock in 
many cases. The FT 3G*hare 
index slipped 3.2 points and 
the FT-SE was down 1572 2. 

Government securities were 
in joyful mood again, dosing 
with gains of over £1 as 
interest rates fell in the west- 
ern world. The demand ex- 
hausted another tap issue, the 
Vk per cent Exchequer 1990 
favoured by high taxpayers 
which was under-subscribed 
at its £77 tender price on 
January 22 

Lea d i ng industrials were 
subdued, with ex-dividend 
quotations distorting the FT 
30 index. BTR was wanted at 
453p up 8p ahead of 
tomorrow’s results, while Brit- 
ish Telecom reporting on 
Thursday lost 3p more to 


Takeover situations 
abounded.- Home -Charm 
opened the session with an 
1 1 p rise to 342p after agreeing 
1-for-l share swap terms with 
Ladbroke, J6p down at 348 p. 
Martonair soared 65pto 600p 
on the quick rejection of 550p 
terms announced by Imperial 

Vinten curbs 

Vinten Group has decided 

not. to provide additional 
funding for its subsidiary’s 
video recorder development 
contract for the Tornado 
recoimaisance system. 

Vinten Avionic Systems 
bad “encountered further se- 
vere technical problems” in 
to achieve the excep- 
jr demanding perfor- 
mance requirements of the 
recorders, the group said. 

Vinten last year had to 
provide £814,000 against an 
expected toss on the fixed- 
pnee contract, signed by the 
management of S Davall and 
Sons before the company was 
acquired by Vinten in 1984. 

Vinten said it was dear that 
a further substantial provision 
would be required if comple- 
tion of the contract was to be 

Ransomes up 

Ransomes Sims & Jefferies, 
the Ipswich manufacturer of 
lawnmowers and farm ma- 
chinery, increased pretax prof- 
its from £5J million to just 
over £7 million last year. The 
shares responded with a lOp 


1 975 SALES £152m 
To be continued tomorrow... 

Metal Industries I5p higher at 
165p. David Dixon at 375p 
returned from suspension SOp 
higher on the agreed offer 
from A J Gelfer. Merger talks 
between these two companies 
foundered three weeks ago. 

In carpets, Shaw added 2p 
to 3tp, well above the 24p 
offer which the directors had 
agreed with Lamont Holdings, 
lop to the good at 172p. Other 
carpet shares advanced in 
sympathy with John 
Crowther, believed to be on 
the acquisition trail, 6p better 
at 143p. 

Burmatex improved anoth- 
er 6p to !50p on the 
chairman's optimism * last 
week. B firebird Confectionery 
was hoisted 44p up to 150pon 
news of an approach Much 
may lead to a bid. The Home 
Charm/Ladbroke deal fuelled 
demand for other DIY issues 
such as A G Stanley, the Fads 
group, 6p up at 80p. 

In contrast Ward White 
dropped lOp to 256p on press 
suggestions that the company 
had paid too much for 
Mar ley’s Payless subsidiary. 
Mar ley, however, hardened 
2!6p to lllVip after a 
favourable mention. 
Pflkmgton climbed 13p to 
438p in response to a US deal 
acquiring a near 30 per cent 
stage in glassmaker Lib bey- 

George Wimpey, a perenni- 
al takeover favourite, im- 
proved 15p to 1 73p helped by 
the brighter outlook for the 

TRUST: On Feb. 26, 1986, 
Dinam Investment, a company 
controlled by Mr E D G Davies 
and with whose family Dinam is 
acting in concert, purchased 
125,000 ordinary shares at 
1 eO^/wp. As a result, Dinam 
has now increased its holding to 
169,082 ordinary shares (KX28 
per cent), while the holdings of 
these acting in concert with 
Dinam are now 636,061 or- 
dinary shares (38.68 pa* cent), 
making a total of 48.96 percent 
Dinam, on behalf of itself and 
those acting in concert with it 
will maitft an offer for the 
remaining ordinary shares at 
1 61 p cash each. 

dividend 14.75p, making 20.75p 
(I7_25p) for the year to Jan. 31, 
1986. Pretax profit £16.47 mil- 
lion (£14.41 million). Earnings 
pershaie 20.9 Jp (17.65p). 

dividend 5.4p, making 8.1p for 
1985, against 7.35p. Turnover 
£4.32 million (£3.92 million). 
Pretax profit £1.43 million 
(£1.42 million). Earnings per 
share 30.02p (29.32p). The 
board feels confident that 1986 
will prove a beneficial year. 

building industry generated by 
the mortgage war between 
b anks and building societies. 
Good profits helped 
Ransomes Sims az 170p up 
iOp and Parker Knoll climbed 
35p to 340p following a 31 per 
cent in earnings. A 23 per cent 
profit increase boosted Trans- 
port Development Group 13p 
to 174p. One flat spot was 
Vinten Group which tumbled 
31p to 146p on the disclosure 
of contract problems of a 
subsidiary. Johnson Firth 
Brown added 2!Ap to 35p on 
rumours that Heron Group 
had acquired a significant 

Comment on last Friday's 
statement left STC 12p lower 
at 120p but Amstrad contin- 

ued to benefit from new 
product ranges, up 6p to 434p. 
Jaguar rose IOp to 458p ahead 
of Thursday's results. Brewer- 
ies were quiet but Wolver- 
hampton and Dudley managed 
a 5p improvement to 473p 
after comment Press tips were 
also responsible for gains of 
between 3p and 20p in Trade 
Promotions at 156p. Bentalis 
167p. Next 254p, Grampian 
HoMings 205p, Ryan Interna- 
tional 34 p. Cattle Holdings 
53'Ap, Diatene 220p, Guff Oil 
34p. FKB Group 190p, Pepe 
Group I IOp, Bush Radio 150p 
and Helical Bar 148p. 

Cautious comment left Pol- 
ly Peck 5p lower at 148p while 
a 40 per cent profit set back 
knocked 35p from Continental 



Abbott Mead V <180p) 218 up 2 
Ashley (L) (13Eta) 236 dn 2 

Brookmount (1o0p) 178 

Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 70 up 1 
Cranswjck M (95p) 106 dn 2 
Davidson P (160p) 163 

Dialene (128p) 220 up 45 

FergusonJJ) (10p) 27 up 2 

'ice (56p) 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Sigmex (101p0 

48 dn 1 

Granyta Surface 
inoco (55p) 

JS Pathology (160p) 276 up 5 
KJearfold (ll8p) 115up2 
Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (I05p) 138 

Merivale M (115p) 126 up 1 

Norank Sys (SOp) 106 up 3 
Really Useful (330p) 361 

SAC Inti (100p) 134 up 3 

158 dnl 

Snowdon & 13 (97p) 112 

Spice (SOp) 93 

Tech Comp (130p) 214 

Underwoods (18(fe) 183 up 2 
Wellcome (120p) i&4 

W York Hosp (90p) 75 

Wickes (140p) 156 Up 6 


Cray Elec F/P 295 

Hartwells N/P 3 < 

NMW Comp 60 

Porter Chad F/P 4 

Safaway UK £45*2 up 1 

Wates N/P 24 

Westland F/P 73 

(Issue price in brackets). 


months to SepL 30, 1985. No 
interim dividend (7J2p). Turn- 
over £11.79 million (£8.94 mil- 
lion). Group loss £184.000 (loss 
£207.000). Tax recoverable nil 
(£105,000). The board expects 
the full year to show a small 
profit compared with last year’s 
loss of £705.823. 

• FOXBORO: Net sales 
$572.17 million (£395 million) 
for 1985, against $515.85 mil- 
lion. Pretax loss $40.05 million 
(£27.7 million), compared with 
a profit of $972,000. Loss per 
share $2.76 (earnings $0.35). 
The year’s results include $43.6 
million ($3.07 a share) 
restructuring expenses. Incom- 
ing orders for the fourth quarter 
were $126 million, bringing the 
year’s total to $528 million. The 
Dec. 31 backlog was $223 

pany is to sdl one of its two 
distribution service units, 
Unijax. to Paper Corporation of 
America, a subsidiary of Alco 
Standard Corporation. It will 
also sdl most of the elements of 
its Hawaiian agricultural busi- 
ness unit, C Brewer and Co, to a 

management group through a 
leveraged buyout in a separate 
transaction. The terms of these 
agreements are not disclosed, 
but the company plans to use 
the proceeds partly to cut debL 

Land now bolds or has received 
acceptances for 4.5 million 
shares (96.96 per cent). It in- 
tends to acquire the remainder 

• SHANDWlCK: Interim divi- 
dend of 1.22p. as indicated in 
the prospectus. T uraover for the 
half-year to Jan. 31 , 1 986. £2.95 
million (£241 million). Pretax 
profit £460.000 (£150,000). 
Earnings per share 5.7p (l.8p). 

offer has so far been accepted for 
34.37 million ordinary shares 
(61.1 percent). 

interim dividend, but the direc- 
tors expect to increase the 
payment for the full year, which 
will be paid next October. 
Revenues for the half-year to 
Dec. I, 1985. $298 million 
(£2.06 million), against $2.01 
million. Pretax profit $869,000 
($692000). The first half-year 
has borne a disproportionate 
amount of annual expenses 

Microwave at 283p. 
Shandwick lost 8p to 21 3p 
despite profits well up to 
expectations. News Interna- 
tional climbed £1 to £10 after 
an 84 per cent increase. Take- 
over talk stimulated Wool- 
worth at 550p up I9p. 

Reed International celebrat- 
ed a pension surplus which 
will increase company profit- 
ability by climbing !8p to 
822p.’ Subdued food retailers 
featured Hillsdown Holdings 
up 8pto 238p ahead of today's 
results. Dealers are looking for 
profits of between £30 million 
and £31 million. Unigate at- 
tracted speculative interest at 
262p up IOp. The Reebok 
forecast Iasi week lifted Pent- 
land a further 25p to 4I5p. 
Exco improved 8p to 232p in 
spite of a denial that American 
Express is interested in bid- 
ding. Lonrho put on 4p to 
283p still excited by possible 
US consortium predatory 

Coats Patous added 4p to 
261 p as the Vantona bid 
escaped a monopoly rcfer- 
. ence. Associated British Ports 
was a strong market at 490p 
up 20p. In properties, specula- 
tive interest stimulated Rush 
and Tomkins at 2S5p up 1 2p. 
Banks were very quiet in their 
ex-dividend formal. Insur- 
ances failed to hold early rises 
of 5p to IOp. Oils too were 
neglected, Sohio dividend 
payment worries overshadow- 
ing British Petroleum. 

TION: No interim dividend 
(nil). Sales for the half-year to 
Dec. 31. 1985. Aus $477.4 
million (£230 million), against 
Aus $88.04 million. Prom be- 
fore lax Aus $5.99 million (Aus 
$3.6 million). 




ABN 12w% 

Adam & Company 12'?% 

BCC1 12'i% 

Citibank Savings! 12'*% 

Consolidated Crds._ I2h% 

Continental Trust 

Co-operative Bank 12 't% 

C. Hoare & Co 124% 

Uoyds Bank 12'i% 

Nat Westminster 12’*% 

Royal Bank d! Scotland 12"^": 

TSB 12*i% 

Citibank NA 12'»% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

W hen you first handle a Patek Philippe, you 

become aware that this watch has the presence 
of an object of rare perfedioa 
We know the feeling well We experience it every time 
a Patek Philippe leaves the hands of our craftsmen. 
You can call it pride. For us it lasts a moment; for you, 
a lifetime. 

We made this watch for 
you - to be part of your 
life - simply because this 
is the way we’ve always 
made watches. 

And if we may draw a con- 
clusion from five genera- 
tions of experience, it will 
be this: choose once but 
choose welL 
A Patek Philippe - 
because it’s for a lifetime. 



At oxdusiw Patek Philippe -.howroem 
I 1 * New Bond Sheet U*ndon WIN °PI 
H4 U! 
































































daily prize monev slated- if >ou are a 
winner follow foe claim procedure on foe 
back of your card. You must always have 
vour card a\ailabte when claiming. 

Strong opening 

ACCOUNT DAYS; Dealings began March 10 . Dealings end March 27 . gContango day April L Settlement day, April 7 
SForward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


© T«*raPi<wiHP» 

daily dividend 


. Claims required for 
+47 points 

riqinHints should nng 0254-53372 








> 13 — I — 

I ■■E 31 DEIiiaEJIiE 2 E 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £20.000 in 
Satunlay's newspaper. 

300 216 B^Bn> 01Sca Z» " a® ill 

13(738 Sotroaro fl >' " *T5 Ifl 35 

TO 33 Smtn Si Auciyn 
543 41? Sand Owl 
716 603 Unon 


280 320 wrarasi 

sir -s 4?"l li 

fg w V. 5 SSJ 

265*#" 71 17 180 


Bin (Mwtwwl 
DwmK (J A) 
Damn 1 

Graftal WMUy 
Orem Kmg 

Hardys A Kansans 
Humana DM3 
knefoordon DM 

Maroon Thompson 

SA O raw o n a* 

Scat A Now 

Sauy a ni 


wtutomad 'A* 


WMbfoae m» 
WotaMtpm A 0 

1-7 t,0 : 

.. 2131 

1 1 ' 
*2 « 2 

*10 20.0 
I . . 7.0 

.. 143 

» . 10.7 

. ISO 
-5 229a 

.1 79b 

*5 73 

1-2 103 

:• n 


- 91 


-1 1006 
15 B 
-3 102 

.. 102 
•5 93 

*8 122 



N91 Low Sax* 

im. Grass 
only A*t 
Pnc* OVa« WA y«f. 

SHORTS (Under Five Years) 

99% 92'a Treat CIO* 1986 99*.* . . 

98% 33 Thus 3% 19H5 98'. . . 

TOO S3* Excn 10%% 1936 99V 

101'. 94ft Treas 12% 1986 100. 

.99-. 93’* Tre« 8':% 15*486 99'. .. 

96 87': Exeti 2':% tWg 95ft . . • 

KB 1 * Bfi Excn 14% 1988 101% +% 

,UW% 95'. Excn 13%% 1BE7 101’. *'■ 

99 s . 92-.TreJsC10'.%l987 B9'j +'« 

94'. 84% Excn 2%*. 1967 94% • . 

100% 94':E*Ch lO'.-N 1987 99. ♦'« 

98’* 88 Fund 6';% 1985-87 96’. *'* 
99ft 92-* Tims 10% 1967 99’* +'• 

93-4 839 Treat 3% 1987 93 - 4% 

I02’i 94 Tress 13% 1987 101'. +'• 

95 . 89% Tress 7ft% 1WB08 95% ♦% 
tfO'. 91’sExen 10Vt 1988 100'. +% 

15 -! 90'a Trias C9%> 1988 98V + ft- 
's , 79'.! IVans 3% 1978-88 88'. .. 

•97’. 88% Tress 9ft% 1S88 97% +1 

*03- 93% Trust 1»*i% 1989 102% 

MO% 90%Trsts 10-i% 1988 100% + 

.99% 90'.- Excn 10% 1989 W% +'i 

103% 94 '.Each 10'*% 1889 103% 

77% 78% Em* 2ft* 1993 2". 

103'* 90 * E>cn 11% 1989 1fB%*+S 

S7% 79 Treat 5% 1986-69 87J.#+3 
103 94% EMh 11% 1990 103 ♦’* 

98% 88 Tires C9%% 1*0 98% + » 
85% 79 Tress 9% 19g BS * *• 
109% 100 Tress 13% 1990 109% +>> 

108% 99% Excn 12%% 1090 107% 

«1% 75% Tress 3% 1990 BV* +% 

03ft 86% Tress 8’.% 1987-90 93% +% 
Vpl 91% Tress 10% 1990 89ft ♦% 


104% +1 
112-1 +1 
100 % *'• 

10 % 

9 %% 

10 % 
12 % 
10 % 
11 %% 

I 0 'i% 
8 % 
11 %% 
5 'i% 

126". HI Excn 12% 

100% +1% 
100% *1% 
109 •*i% 


42'. 36% Consols 4% 

J8 33'* War Ln 3':’i 
48ft 41 Con* a'rti 
31. 28% Tiros _3% 

26% 23% Consols 2%% 

26% 23% Tress 2'i% 

118. 105% Trees U. 2% 1988 
102 % 91 Trass IL 2% 1990 
,14% 108 ires, IL 7% 1996 

103'- 45% Treat 02%% 2001 
103% 93': Treat >L2';% ZOOS 
‘.08% 98% Tress R. 2% 2006 
103% 62% Trees JL2ft% 2009 
100% 97 Tree, 1L2-|% 2011 
91% 79% Ttsas H2'i% 2013 
94'* 07% Tress «2'a% 2016 
96% B8% Treat IL2%% 2020 

117% +% 
101 *. +ft 
1 , 8 %«+ft 
98ft OFft 
97% *ft 
100 % +% 
w% +■. 

101 4.% 

84'. **■ 
91% +% 
90 *4.2 

























1 13 


















14 1 


105 1 


198 1 


600 1 


143 1 


66 1 


88 1 


160 1 


342 1 

4 ?n 

255 1 


93 1 








1 79 


42 H 





























45% 23‘. 
255 121 
383 273 
260 180 
130 71 

104 5 1% 

128 100 
136 104 
85'.- 9% 
IIS 79 
275 224 
189 131 
188 112 
28 14 

IS! M6 
124 82 

227 158 
285 175 
144 66 

488 318 
101 % SI 
10 630 
39S 278 
121 64 

208 141 
82 S3 
1B2 128 
314 94 

328 162 

112 58 

AK20 *UV Bearer 1 
A*sd Coinds 


Anchor Chsn*a. , 


BawrDM50 ! 
Brsra Owns 
Br Benzol 
Can /mg (IN) 

Coates &t» 

Os 'A' 

Cary (Hones] 

Do DU 

Efc A Ewrara 

F usw »l *ntW 

HUsreM (Janes] 


HoecM DM50 

no Cntm M 




Boaoraok mags 
wofcwnholnre nr* 

Yormnse Orem 

*2 3J 

+2-. 700 
1+1% 103 
+1 51 


+2 51 


-1 66 
-1 64 

*1 87 

*3 10.0 


>42 &a 

43 11 ^ 


415 21.4 


• -2% 47.1 

47 105 

-1 4J 

+8 33 

. 3 0 

*2 32 


*5 11 1 

■ 41 4J 









210 120 Angte TV 'A 

64 28 Orempren 

185 118 HTV MTV 
301 216 LWT HUg, 
398 128 Scot TV V 

38 23 TSW 

205 *41 125 63 14 4 

36 .. 24 6J 81 

185 110 58 84 

295 +2 20.6 78 118 

282 1Z7 43 106 

175 • .. 114 65 88 

38 SA 03 10.4 


2SII 90 
36 46 
321 194% 

18'> fl’% 
«] 225 
-.5'; 8% 
290 215 
444 351 
512 332 
470 360 
548 423 
S3': 23'. 
31% 17% 
42% 27 
72 32 
71 27 

107'. 42% 
264 104% 
197 74'; 
372 249 
82 56 
248 131 
Jl 12 % 
390 273 
99 61% 

413 233 
188 138 
785 STS 
543 3 * 
42 22 

638 396 
504 32! 
270 173 
747 S67 
I0S 68% 
299 193 
80 56 

126 92 
21% 13% 

«w ran 
Antoeoe. (Henry] 
Ana Me* 2 
Bank 01 neOnC 
Bent Loo"> W» 
a** Loom UK 
Bank 01 Scotland 

Brown Shtpwy 
Cater Allan 

Chat? Mamanw 



Com stmt wara 

DeuRone Bank 
Firs N* Finance 
oerrara Not 
Gtimreiat Past 
Dc iEOjI 
Hie Samuel 
Hh Snanoii 
Jesnpn (Loop*!] 
Kntq & Siareon 
Kwn-gn Benson 
Myregry Sees 
hat Ann ba 
Ma? w«i 

Bus Bw 
Rosucniki iJi mu 
R evl Bah 0< Can 


73 *3 



456 S 


240 e 

472 -IS 

470 rS 


53% *3 

£31 . E -% 

£ 37 % *.• 

£344 -1% 

1 B 2 -1 


7 j -I 


70% *1 

413 +5 


514 m*'i 
38 +2 


459 e- 3 * 

2 « 

7i4 e45 


380 e-9 

125 ** 

ri 4 % *% 

90 IB . . 

. . « . 44.0 

ISO 90 . 

160 67 11 2 

19 0b 4.6 94 
28 6 58 68 

m 20 S 3 

413 79 13.7 

23 4*3 182 

384 11.6 .. 
206 SS .. 
13 30 80 
3^ 40,10 

80 0.1 .. 
ICO 49 .. 
40 22110 

189 5 7 19 4 

2 7 34 120 
96 4 1 IB. 7 
S57 11 25 9 
170 44 102 

174 42?14 

116 70 3L2 
214b 28 14 0 
300 50 55 
21 55 14 5 

22.9 2 7 UO 
*4 7 9 25,1 

403 58 5.6 
550 82 228 
706 49 112 

13 26 200 
65 52 ISO 


537 ITS AS EteO 3J3 

438 63 Amsraa 434 • *41 

285 49 Aphco* Compere™ 97 -2 

W 29 Arlan *> -2 

303 185 Adame Con* 2« 

6e 25 amW F«eey « 

200 138 AlMSBC Ijo .. 

320 185 BBC 3'S *2 

114 86 23-4 

10 04329 
SA 22 76 

24 09 14.7 

. . . . ISO 

■0 1,1 IU 

15 I 4-8 1X2 






10 .. 



0.7 19.7 



10 394 




90 124 


• .. 

64n 60 250 


0L6 . . 


40 74 


0.7 239 








10 26.1 


• .. 


10 890 











13 250 



10 204 


10 174 


. . fl 

.. 197 




20 14* 



96 120 




1.1 194 




69 .. 
54 94 






97 10.7 


5* U 



0* 191 


■ +10 


40 10.7 



00 374 






a. i 


73 410 



02 .. 



17 67 


74 113 




70 167 


27 69 



D.4 26.1 



67 67 




17 .. 





U 104 



92 71 


11 17.1 


21 210 





.. 1BJ 



22 121 



97 113 





27 161 



13 81 



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Thorp* (Fvq 
Timtaae TeUcom 





















11 J 








334 310 
183 128 
350 200 
151 70 

26% 17>, 
218 I 58 
38 10 

20% 18% 
253 m 
193 91 

174 114 
47 37 

48% 38 

Eqretv 6 Gen 
Ivory A Sms 

nm Hams Loans 
Do 8% 

239 *1 1J U .. 

163 -2 11.0 6.7 80 

350 . . 200 57 16 

149 «+2 - 

£28% .. 15-7 07 .. 

198 20 10 588 

25 ..*.... 

TB >1 +% 10 as B 0 

238 e+2 104 4*4 34.1 

188 .. ai 3 . 7 2 /: 

174 *1 6 J 5.1 2«2 


E42 • .. 800 190 .. 

M0 SO 
SO 23 
114 14 

44 20 
S3 22 
40 50 
80 10 
as 2.7 

2.1 2 a 





arena Mel 




30 110 



Kennedy Brook** 




0* 110 







42 21.0 



Lon Psril Hams 



31 199 



Motor cnanmre 



23 130 



Prmce or W Hoads 



27 199 


; 48% 

Durum* Moot 



22b 92 19* 



Seray Moan A- 








• " 


24 170 



Trustrouae Fone 


• .. 


49 169 



29 20 
95 52 
S2D 230% 
"288 135 
70 22 

75% 55 
38S 210 
B1 31 
148 80 
IBS 126 
43 22 

483 330 
278 196% 
28% 15% 
m 33 
220 133 
127 81 

9% 115 
23l 185% 
208 10S 
2S3 ,32 
19% 10% 
335 I5B 
97% 68 

115 73 

116 74 

74 28 

85 12 

91 68 

87 64 

Coni SMonery 
cook (wmj 
Ceps Akron 
Ceptan (F) 


Cowmsjr Pare 
Cowan Be Grow 
Ores Ncnobon 
C r own Horn* 
Cwnmna 3%-% 



OnMl A MW 'A' 
Danes A Newman 



Demand Surname 
OHdB Ksal 
Dotreon Ml 

Dooseon hit 



80 *10 


3*8 -a 

07 • .. 

146 •+7 



480 • 

sea -s 

£23% ■»% 


213 . *3 

69 e-t 


222 *2 

2 GB • 

96 % e .. 
10 a e .. 

70% +2 

83 *3 

88 e -2 

72 •-! 

2i 90 as 
40 MHO 
00 10 130 
HO 0013.1 

2.1 30 937 
09 50110 

120 37 11.1 
02 40290 
5.9 40. 11.7 

ii.i 80 10O 
375 10 -* 

07* 10 -- 

Ah 0.0 340 

170 80 90 

02 84 I ! 

134 80 80 

50 54 07 

429 49 130 

72 32 101 
90 40 110 
97 37 100 
00 44 170 

70 20 200 

74 77 137 

7.1 M 110 

7.6 80 82 

20 37 18.1 

. . 320 

5.7 80 209 
57 70 170 

XH 2B3 Esnsm Rod 301 
186 MB BOOro 188 

275 148 S8 274 

37 27% am. . ■ 35 i 

120 88 Bscd 113 

3t% 12% asaratanc (AS -ff - 
87 51 EBon (B) SB 

S'* 18% Emhan M% 

343 218 EnflUh China On »5 t 

30 16% Ericsson (LMJ V £»% 
163 78 Erattre Met re* i» 

173 T15 Euranewi Fwriee 172 
163 101 DO 5% PH 119 
270 139 Brsred 248 

iso km Grade las i 

154 ED Expamet H 1*7 

415 272 Extai 410 

13 2? FttCDd Z8 

150 108 Fenner wfij 117 

185 60 FBs ktcnw «B 

531 260 Ftoonx ™ 

47 32 FltrweiDn 38 

112 68 Ftereta CAW IM 
49 20 Foom « 

1 g%S%KE?GraraNyV S 

172 135 Potlrerp tl AHsrv ey IM 

89 43 French (Thommj « 

112 84 GB Hit IM 

344 IBS GW* ™ 

SS53 200 GR *5 

84 SS Oarwi Eng ffi 

,38 98 Gratatner -1» 

146 64 Osrat TO 

10% 533% Ctexo STS 

323 184 Qlynww) . 3H 

94 30 Gomna m 

640 *33 Goring Ken- « 

208 85 Grrenptan HMgt 2® 
312 148 GnunOB ZR 

16% 7% Grwrebel 
74 39 HH* PredWon «% 
182 114 HtAEM 154 

1S5 13a Ha* (M) 154 

230 143 Hse» IK 

246 iSS Hafena Zg, 

34 19% Hampaon Ind -30% 

B2 35 Han»ne« « 

191 133% Hwjacn IM 

sr«b sswfc » 

S 3 Bggjd„ m 

543 360 HaWkar SMdaMy 641 

IS 8 iffISon aan) . IM 

182 120 Httpwonn Cerandc ITS 
12a 55 Hoiar 1H 

92 94 Hewtn (J) . 50 

MO 58 n»gajilW 
83 62 Haffero* 72 

94 87 H0« Uofd M 

182 «ffl . 179 

IS 7 HowaitJ Uadeoaqr .. 
114 87 Howden 11« 

14'* 9% HuOran Bay 02 % 

268 IM Hundap Assoc 287 
106 BO Hunting Group 90 
269-1201 Hurchm Wlrem p ce 22S 
168 88 M 166 

315 190 natron . £2 

310 am Jadtaont Boom* 293 
I33'i 93 JarWoa M«n - 108 

511 423 Johnson Claansre 511 
178 S3 Johnson Mrahey 181 
38 11% Johnson 5 RB 34% 

275 183 Jqmmn _/ . OT 
100 41 jaws A SMprein •» - 
171 114 jowdrei (Thomas] T65 
38 22 Katomeaw ZB 

38 22% Katon 36 

2*0 185 KaUay Kid . 

128 78 Kareredy Snafla 
365 230 Karetaw M 2m 

208 ta jogrenrfawm 
148 80 Klean-E-Za 148 

+1 140 40 3.1 

*1 100 54 70 

-1 80 50 180 

k . 25 M 1*0 

. . 80 50 tt2 

206 «-1 


49 180 

AG8 Research 

209 m-3 


46 214 

« a-i 


305 +t 


53 349 

66 • . . 


11 1 

54 110 


Arexmn Wwaar 



20 215 




403 +3 


11 22* 

37 +2 






88 -2 
285 • .. 


40 . 




4.8 17* 

53% +1 




16 110 

Agama um 

as +7 

29n 14 25.4 

440 • .. 





30 88 


378 • +5 


30 140 

453 *8 


13 26* 

197 >3 


60 110 



Baiter (CHi 

22% +'« 

550 *a 


. 237 

40 129 

281 -1 

163 -9 

156 +1 


374 -3 

69 15* 



Barton Transport 



2S • -2 


Batman Oaras 

188 *2 





. . s 




64 138 


200 «-0 


108 • .. 

7 5 

69 104 

32 7 


122 ■ .. 



. . a 


38 «-1 

ZCb 6 3 73 




320 +5 




30 195 

73 97 





am»a Qoakant 

115% •*1 





Bmrencnani me 

160 +2 


42 127 



BUQi (Pnirel 

213 • *2 


T.t ZOO 

BMomootl Hongs 

43% +1 



336 *1 


49 14* 



35 165 



BOuIOn (Wmj 

g-. -% 





nr* +% 

BreohMBda Gra 





49 16* 



« • 


4.7 ag 






54 113 



Bnagend Go 




MS »2 


42 112 


4* 138 



6t Bag & Eng Appi£5 


0.7 650 



Br Stsam 





Br Syonon 

130 +2 


19 34.7 



Br vga 

257 •♦4% 


30 18.3 


227',- Brr**n HSS 




Brornunwa reds 



31 110 




17 .. 

4 0 92 



Braci® Tool 

45 m*2 




Brawn A Tjwsa 

174 a+a 





Brown (John] 




Brums (Uusj 



74 13* 




778 «+6 


42 130 






1.4 102 






60 133 



Cornted Eng 

75 a+2 


33 119 



Caparo M 

33 +'r 





Caire lnd 


. 4 

.. 40 



Carckj Eng 

360 +45 

l?.9b 4.7 S.1 




00 +2 


63 90 






87 169 



Csnrt A SNww 


. 130 



Carerewffs mo 


. 370 



CH m 


SI 11* 



Cnancaran Pit 



74 96 



GnembarM 6 Hd 



E* 60 



Curtw Cot* 



64 480 






34 120 



Cnnasas ire 



19 183 



Chnsry Hue 


. . 100 



CUrVo (CWosmi 

205 *5 


12 31.7 



CMnrtOT Bon 



17 90 



Conan iAi 

Coteroa GO 

400 • .. 

39 76 



183 +1 




CombriM T*eh 

10 *3 




83 *1 


84 114 

57 85 140 

•-•1 800 40 .. 

-7 12 7J .. 

7.0 4.7 170 
.. 121 82 167 

44 17.4 02 110 

-1 27 25 9.1 

54 5.1 140 

90 57 124 

- +1 51 44 W£ 

-3 3* 42 ms 

.. a .. ZS2 

41 .. a .. 382 

-1 54 84122 

44 80 40117 

44 IB* 42 114 
-J* 99.0 4.7 .. 

+10 10 7 4.0 9.7 

00 92 190 


+16 67 4.1 140 

•40% 10 87 310 

86 20184 


42 28.0 80 140 

-6 07 04 286 

42 .. -.172 

. .. 104 30172 

40 4.1 4.1 120 

.... 90 50127 ' 

41 20 112 07 

4«% 1.7 4.7 287 

• .. 114 40114 

20b 10 225 

• .. 214 7.6 234 

.. 157 70 02 

7.1 40 810 

00 14 223 

80 22 281 
80 20 120 
51 30 182 

21 32 80 

80 52 82 
.. ..254 

29 4.1 110 

29b 87 .. 
88 83 187 
10 80 184 
42 74127 

70 100 82 
60 81 284 

42 28 21.7 

20b 30124 
Mb 20210 
07 00 110 
12 02 480 
30 b 30 181 
32 20 288 
26 52 11.1 
20b 58 183 

30 40 123 

80 14 283 
40 80 74 
54 4017.6 
23 31 81 

43 4014JJ 

42 40 137 
20 80 158 
37 20 214 
14 6 38 9.7 

25 64 83 
24b 40 186 
51 90 60 

50 S3 175 

113 63 113 

121 40 150 

44 40 114 

81* 04 130 
>00 47 9.0 

70 50 122 
14 24 880 

126 54 110 

114 52 123 
130 40 124 
80 32 23S 







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TT» 70 
99 B 
37 2T 

71 25 - 

339 200 
B 34 
310 »5 

3*1 271 
23% 4% 
04 <4 

a » 
379 136 
520 SOT 
175 33 
210 111 
50 26% 

480 WO 

m mo - 

179 T33 

m «i 
33 ir, 
363 111 
405 100 
248 100 

cream BW» 
Goal PW 
Qi Wawam Baa 
1C Oxi - . . 
KC » 

KCA Dflog 
Oo IHU ' M 
«*w loaaonOi 

Royal Owes 

+2 30 82 83 

-1 57-90 470 

+1 ©* . 0.1 13 

<1 . TZ.1 *4 44 


. iV 33-i3 
._ 81 83 .. 

4 221 80 87 


*4 - 174 124 80 
.... 144.* 685 *.. 

5 .70 M'7'0 

w-j . *.. .132 

-% 328 40 1!. 

*1 486 -60 ft« 

-2 - 12S ' .88 36 

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+1 . .. 181 
*2 143 127 32 

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-2 tan 73 43 
























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5KF V 




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20 234 



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SpMT 8 Joctaon 
Spancar Cure 




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907% Stef hrSe -A’ 







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• .. 


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1 331 



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19b 40 






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6.16 30 
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17 21.! 


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15 390 


50 02 


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93 590 


30 .. 







148 88 

180 128 
130 96 
58 22 

235 170 
423 231 
80 % 51 % 
81 35 

146 78 

140 93 

231 M 
205 124 
340 184 
388 361 
64 32 

229 M7 
310 213% 
BO 51 
153 92 

Barr S WA 'A* 
Baotay 8 Harare# 
Bror* Waft* 
Brel Lareure 

Hsnburo* anaki 
Honzan Traxel 
M Lawn 
Jdana-a HUgt 

HeBEy UnU 
May Lawn 
Saga Hohdm 
Sareuetecn Gp 
Tocawom Hotspur 

160 86 87 
..a... 185 
. 74 *70. 81. 
14 20154 

an -.00 ns 

107 20102 

.. .. 48* 

83 54 220 
*0 58 51 
50. 30 <34 
74 51 HL3 
00 ; 20 195 


85 ,81 181 
34 t-1 - 
57*150 94 
6T 47 12* 

paper, printing, advertg 


36% it Aeaco 
80 66 Afted Ian 
123 70 Ape* 

176 70 Bartow Ena 

558 381 BSSZSTICHJ . 

ISO 80 BbSfm 
244 212 en«|P> 

470 380 Bradtora 
174 131 Br Land 

158 122 Bmaon 

46 28 Card IM ASon# 
230 1» Cap 8 Conans* 
225 145 Cimm.Prao 
2*0 173 Cantraanaal 
«8B 400 - Cbsuwfiald' 

883 503% CALA . 

186 MB CMWHcUk 
*18 -86 rrm n*a» . , . 

«3 M% Control Sacs - 
110- 97 Camay A -Naw 
180 83 County V 
235 175 Ctam. 

6D5 303 Da*(an 
250 190 Daan Da* 

20 6% Dare* 

188 145 Estate* I Afreney 
12189 Emre Gm 

159 140 EaUn Pno 
92 88 Evm a Laade 
68 26 Rwa Oats 

195 150 hunt 
JUG 140 Gr Portreno 
246 W4 Omni 
W i MV Hmnad Gp 
520 430 Hsremareo n 
515 415 DOW 
183 83 Hanotwr 
260 W8 Hatrengar 
840 444 Hareamaro 
329 256 . trey 
ISO 05 ■ Jarmyn 
3H 202 U*ry Prop . 

86 36*j Land m iream re 
332 255 Land SacreDae 
805 188 LOT A Edn Tw . 
205 102% Do I'A 
326 218 Loo A Pro. 8** 
171 119 Lon Shop Prop 
325 288 Lynlan 
380 255 *Je>C 
izo 56 Mdoenrey 
13) 105 McXaySeCt 

id? 35 Mareneem 
12a 125 MerreWeMoora 
70 50 Mretnrough 

as •+!% 


73 • .. 


558 +2 

1W -1 

ns -V 

‘S ■ +1 

2a #*'» 

i73 m 
410- .. 

795 40 

101 - 

225 120 Mader E9 
650 239 ItaMBA 
470 288 MounMsw 
97 78 Mucataw (AAJ) 

24 12 MunlAiat 

82 70U New darareun 
51 SB PretdHe 
200 230 Psachay 
202 178 Prop A R*. 

132 107 Prop HUga 
•125 08 Prop SearRy - 

-10 T Raglan 
445 65 Rograan 
480 190 RrxwhauOT 
207 210 Rush A Tomphws 
IBB 142 Samuel 
32 7B scot Mw 
175 125 ahxigri Eatataa 
323 175 Sparaawk 
164 144 Sand S*c* 

570 405 Stork COOVUon' 
80 64 stadam- 
50 a. Town Outre 
2*0 im -nafloro Pea 
605 480 -IM Real 
745 525 wanwr 
BIO 410 W*mtotd 
28% 17 WMbUos] 

188 VM WM&Couniry 


B . r .. 


ISO • ..* 



m . .. 

M2 +2 

£12% a-% . 






270 • -- 



64 «4«'i 


260 . 4 « 

IS* • .. 

358 -a 


115 • . . 

56 re .. 

ia +1 


225 - 
640 • 

470 • .. 




45 • .. 

270 •+% 






480 +5 

285 +12 


167 +1 

320 +10 

U8 • .. 

560 . .. 

78 +2 


203 +8 

565 • .. 

745 • .. 

480 - • .. 
23 • .. 


02 0654.7 

20 . 27 175 

29 40 150 
276. 10Z77 

17.1 31 114 

60 5,1 0.1 

15.1 90*150 
110 81100 

30 23 169 

70 40 23.7 

A* 36 19.7 
20 13 

06 50 153 
T5.7 13 256 
25.7b 12 11 0 
001 00 863 
30 20341 
40 263 22 
20 10 723 
50* 3.1 5.* 
60 40212 
18* 3.1 126 

"0.:: 30 

43 26 74 0 
1* 20 333 

12.1 21 121 
20 27 109 
.. ..62 

99 63110 

100 25 820 

20 11 421 

40 .43190 
23b 53 232 
26. 20 126 
06b 12321 
43a 70 225 
167* 1.7191 
24 14 99 
70 73 T47 
15 7 09 480 

1.7 23 380 
21b 47.227 
121 4*360 

22 33 312 
28 22.280. 
. 306 31 224 

ai 1.1 .. 

22 13 304 
1.1 02 . . 
110 39 120 

24 40 270 
0.7 70 10* 
7.4 4 4 .10.0 
128 ' 43 127 
50. .27179 
121 22260 

1 A. 20Z74 
124 21 120 
ZO 23.1 
227 34 HI 
214 40 420 

0 J 3*742 
114. 7.1 91 


P!l.U:1.l. [ [-lUffTT7- 

in 111 AE 188 

123 89 Appuyard 123 

127 32 Armstrong 1Z7 

205 55 Auto Premen W7 

. 85-1 a BSG 34% 

583 293 a Aaroepace 571 

130 79 Br Car Aucttona 19 

71 26 BL 57 

1® T20 Calfyns 179 

153 41 Cowl* 01 147 

133 SB'i Oavtx (Gotlhay) 118 
227 184 oowry 200 

46 OS BtF' 40 

381 2*2 FR Grom 372 

250 148 ForaMomr aw 

92 58 Gatas (Frartt CD 78 

378 226 Ganarel Motor 278 

63 M OMWO Lnrena 63 

129 m GrojOLoue 129 

94 49 Harnradt 91 

349 3S4 Honda Motor 410 

501 237 Jagure- 466 

n 62 jaaau p i M 

183 97 Karem Mater 103 

84 2B IMA 80 

344 ,58 Lax 3Z7 

108 83 woken i«s 

635 233 Luca* 616 

i2S 86 Pany gp 124 

84 86 Raxurn tQBj 82 

TT 39 Qua* (HJJ 87 

SO 29 SU7B SO 

48 21 WWtfuait UonH 39 

-1 7.1 40 117 

49 3* 168 

+9 10- 10 180 

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HO Yoddyoa 





for LME traders 

Most of London's commodity 
traders were in their beds — ■ 
though l doubt, in the circum- 
stances whether they were 
steeping easily - when Indo- 
nesia and Thailand sealed the 
fete of TinCo. It. was, in troth, 
a very likely ending, and 
nobody was surprised, even if 
many will mourn. We now 

credy fed the same way, so the 
scale is set fora barite royal 
uncannily reminiscent of the 
treatment the Opec brothers 
mete out to each other. 

In the middle is the LME. 
Tomorrow, everybody takes a 
deep breath and hopes that the 
backlog of prompt contracts 
datum from October 25 can be 

begin a new chapter in the Mr 

most, extraordinary com mod- MlcJ ^ ael Bp"™* 

ity saga of inodm tSa. " }^/^l5 e f u ? ve . ? f 

Orraiher, two chapters. For •teS^SOOOC^^MlSo 
e-big questions now are what -SS? of* 

hands r- worth at the fixed 

thebig questions now are what 
will happen to the Internation- 
al Tin Council and what will 
- happen to the London Metal 
Exchange. The latter is easier, 
to answer than the former. 

The position of the ITC is 
curious, to say the least LME 
brokers , and other traders 
understandably have little in- 
clination for so academic a 
pursuit as contemplating the 
fete of the ITC Is not the 
council all washed tip? Well, 
up to a point. Lord Copper. 

It is true that the council 
presents a sorry spectacle. Its 
'secretariat is reviled — unfair- 
ly in my judgement — and its 
members have abandoned 
ship. There is just about 
enough money in the adminis- 
trative account to pay the 
wages up to the end of the 
financial year on June 30:. 
Normally, under the Interna- 
tional Tin Agreement, which 
technically remains in force 
and to which the 22 members 
are still party, the budget 
would be automatically re- 

But will it be this time? 
Nobody has bothered to tell 
the' Stan, a quarter of whom 
have been given notice, just in 
case. What long-term plans do ; 
the members have for the 
council? Nobody has vouch- 
safed that either. The assump- 
tion is that the organization 
will become an administrative 
body, primarily gathering sta- 
tistics. like the Internationa] 
Wheat Council That is a 
reasonable and useful func- 
tion. But there again, the 
silence is deafening. 

Buffer stock has 
debts of £300m 
and no obvious 
means of paying 

Of more immediate concern 
to brokers Is the buffer stock.. 

price of £6.250 a tonne - 
between £31.2 million and 
£36.9 million. 

Scene is set for 
abattle royal 
with exchange 
in the middle 

There are two catches. One 
is that the “ring out” is for 
cash settlement, in other 
words, physical tip will not be 
accepted against contracts. As 
a consequence, 60,000 to 
70,000 tonnes of metal will be 
left in LME warehouses. 

As Mr Brown succinctly put 
it “The LME is no longer 
involved with the physical tin 
in its warehouses.” This tin 
wfll have to be sold on the 
open market — with what 
results is anyone’s guess. A 
price of £4,000 a tonne — half 
the suspension price — is quite 

. The other catch is the law 
Being deprived of the ability 
to deliver physical metal will 
be bad enough for the shorts. 
On top of that, their possible 
profit has been curtailed by 
the fixed price of £6,250, 
which is almost certainly be- 
low the contract price. 

Under the new LME rules, 
the seller is entitled to claim 
from the buyer the difference 
between the fixed ring out 
price and the contract price. 
Conversely, the buyer can 
claim the difference from the 
seller if the contracted price 
was less than £6.250 a tonne. 

It is inevitable that ag- 
grieved parties will bring suits 
against the exchange and the 
ITC, which, as the biggest 
customer, is exposed both as 
buyer and seller. Whether 
firms sue the ITC, its mem- 
bers (or some of them), or 
bbth is a matter of tactics. 

I, has ^£300^. ^ S 

' isim of the tin business. Butit 
^ sbbnM not stop there. The 

Bank England, the Secnri- 
ties and Investments Board, 
A* Department of Trade 
ami Industry have all intimat- 
V s - eti'to the unfortunate LME in. 

for a minute jjj®* JjP* tin tfteir ^nous -ways that 
mountain can,^ shifted to changes are needed. ' 
everyone s satisfaction^ Will yhe formula has • already 
expori controls remain in. ^een outlined: the LME must 

,0 ^ e - _ - have a stronger arimiirislra- 

Expmt controls, yon may (perhaps abolishing the 
remember, w ere supposed to chstinction between board and 
be voluntary but in practice a proper market 

every exporting member of monitoring system, and a 
the agreement imposed them, cfca^ house, not necessarily 
They kept more that aihind of ^ international Cornmod- 
production off tfe: market j ties Clearing House. 

ihetriroposju 011 ™ Bringing in a clearing house 

Jr e would probably spell the end 

flockpilmg - calculated by 0 f the LMFs peculiar prompt 
deducting annual export quo- ^ system and its replace- 
^ from reportedactmd_pro- ment by proper futures con- 
duction - has been 47,000 lracts . Bigger. better 
tonnes, according to Mr Da- capitalized brokers might be 
vid Williamson at Sbearson necessaiy; implying that there 

Lehman Brothers. .would be fewer of them. 

9“ mo “ 2* hardhead U)Sses f rom the tin debade, 
and^ assume ^ expo^ron- Md ^ SIB - s forthcoming 
mds wifl lap^ with t here ! of capital- adequacy rules, might 
the buffer stock operation. gav e thateffea a 

Indonesia ngectcd TinCo be- 
cause at the last minute the 
faction representing the tin 
dredgers, who enjoy the lowest 
costs, persuaded Jakarta that 
Indonesia could win a struggle 
for market share. 

Malaysia and Thailand se- 

; anyway. 

The LME and the ITC may 
have come to the parting of 
the ways, but their individual 
ways are largely unmapped. 
The restless rights are far 
from oyer. . 

Michael Prest 


Consolidated pr et ax profit for 
1985 was £29.50 million (1984 
£24.23 million). Tax was £1 1.99 
million (£11.28 mini bn) 

• ANGLOVAAL: Results for 
ihe half-year ended December 
31 include an interim dividend 
of 120 cents (100 cents). With 
figures in rahd 000, turnover 
was 1,196.124 (1,050,469). 
profit was I0i561 (91,189) 
before tax of 41.540 (36,6421 
Group earnings fin - the year are 
expected to show a su bstanti al 
increase over the previous year 

because of tbemining division s 

strong performance. However, 
it is unlikely that the fost-toli 

growth rate will be sustained for 
the fun year. 

Hamid Securities 

m C LhtfW** Oeafcsn 
ILL iaSniirtift 

Jarvis Porter 

Group Wc 

Buy or SeS Shares 
Free of conmnssion 

01-928 4003/928 2237 

CANADA: A quarterly divi- 
dend of 24 cents is to be paid on 
April 4. With figures m $mfl- 
Hons, sales for 1985 were 
421-958 (41 1.514), income be- 
fore tax was 32.188 (35.797), tax 
was 14.463 (12.616), and minor- 
ities 2.414 (3.713). There was an 
extraordinary debit of 1.93 M. 
Net income was 13.381 

Group figures for the six months 
io December 31 include an 
interim divktetidof7.5cents(10 
cents). With figures in Malay- 
sianS 000, turnover was 30,003 
(29.495), operating profit was 
7,469 (10,1681 share of profit of 
assoc 1 86 (122), profit before tax 
7,655 (10,290), tax 3,134(4,377) 
outside shareholders interest 
(debits) 314 (169) and earnings, 
per share 9.8 cents (13-4). • • 

TION: Proposals to unitize or 
liquidate the : company .were 
injected at an extraordinary 
meeting in accordance with the 

recommendations of the direc- 

IBM PC XT FD £2248 

ex VAT 

IBM PC XT/FD.IOmb hard disk . 
drive, mono display, display printer 
adaptor, keyboard. 

London: 01-623 8830 
South: (04862) 71001 
Nortii: (0423) 509577/8 
Scotland: (0357) 22678 

guv befo*e Apnltor'SGPn 


Edited by Matthew May 

claims off 

Sr Clive Sinclair's claim that 
his la test computer, the Spec- 
trum 128, will ran all the 
software written for earlier 
versions of the Spectrum is 
apparently not quite true. 

Purchasers who have up- 
graded to the the new comput- 
er frorathe Spectrum Plus are 
complaining that a few pieces 
of software, including the 
chart topping program 
Elite, will not run on the new 
machine. Other programs af- 
fected include Harter and 
BCs Quest for Tires. 

Sinclair is understandably 
embarrassed butjis putting the 
blame for the confusion on the 
software firms responsible for 
the incompatible programs. 
Sinclair claims that they made 
irresponsible assumptions in 
using certain parts of the 
computer memory for their 
programs that should be left 
for the manufacturers, even 
though some software in- 
volved appeared on a Sinclair 
list of popular programs that 
would be compatible. 

Sinclair is hoping to gain a 
significant part of sales of the 
128 Spectrum Grom owners of 
older versions upgrading as 30 
per cent of home computer 
sates are estimated to be to 
households which already 
have a computer. 

Ready for the take-off 

Satellites have consistently remained at 
the centre of international political 
debate in recent years. That debate has 
focused on the commercial future of 
services offered on satellite, the legal 
control which will need to be exercised 
to ensure some semblance of order in 
this new industry and what power a 
particular sovereign state will have over 
satellite transmissions generated out- 
side national boundaries. 

Last week London was the venue for 
the latest satellite conference - with 
speakers from France, America and 
Britain prominent. The French charac- 
teristically boasted their success in 
introducing new technology and their 
commitment to its growth. Satellites 
would play a significant pan in that 
blueprint as would cable, videotex, 
computers and interactive services. 

The Americans, still the world leaders 
in the use of domestic satellites, 
impressed the Europeans, particularly 
those who envisaged Europe emulating 
the US. 

Then came the British, predictably 
divided and arguing for more British 
innovation, less government interfer- 
ence by calling for the satellite business 
to be liberated from bureaucratic con- 

However, many in the European 
computer/telecommunications indus- 
tries have still failed to grasp that 
satellite services must be commercial. 
That stark message was emphasized last 
week, too, through the publication of a 
report studying the maiket potential of 
the Europe satellite service business — 
those operators which will offer a 
plethora of channels like data, news and 
entertainment The report was bullish. 

The study, the product of CIT 

Research, predicted a boom in the 
revenue generated by those satellite 
services. The survey determined reve- 
nue rising to US$1.5 billion a year by 
1995 but the business sector would be 
the one which would contribute the 
lion's share of the new revenue. The 
non-business sector, attracted largely by 
television channels, would be the minor 

European deregulation would stimu- 
late that growth. Total satellite income 
in western Europe would rise to USS 1 20 
million a year within two years. By 
1 990. the report predicts, that revenue 

Bill Johnstone 

Tecfwo/ogi' Correspondent 

will have grown to USS 370 million, 
which could quadruple five years later. 
CIT detailed these growth areas; 

• Internal corporate commmu ideation 

• video and teleconferencing; 

• computer communications; 

• distribution of earth resource pictures 
for use in weather forcasting and 
geological surveys: 

• electronic mail and high speed 

• data bases and the services derived 
from them; 

• remote/deceniralized printing; 

• education, training and information; 

• the distribution of data and 
audio/video signals. 

But the CIT report gave little encour- 
agement to those who wished to copy 

the Americans, principally in satellite 
television. The US is “tailored-made for 
satellites" but not so Europe, says CIT. 
“Using American data to support a 
European case is misleading...!! would 
be quite wrong to rely on the US 
experience of satellite television. A 
realistic future European pattern would 
be quite different, even though six 
million homes are now receiving satel- 
lite broadcasts. 

“Western Europe has 121 million TV 
homes. CIT s consumer research sug- 
gests some 40 million have a genuine 
interest in new TV programmes or 
services. Of these five million already 
have cable. Eliminating those with no 
garden, backyard, or indeed any practi- 
cal facility to install even a small dish, 
leaves about 1 S million. Another three 
million may have national or local 
regulatory problems, so we are left with 
some 15 million - the real gross 

If CIT is correct the European satellite 
service industry may follow the pattern 
experienced by Prestel, the viewdata 
service offered by British Telecom. 
Originally believed to be a consumer 
product, it soon became clear to the 
managers of the Prestel service that 
their primary market was business. 

However. international 

computer/data services beamed by 
satellite could present Europe with 
more difficulties than television trans- 
missions. The laws of copyright are still 
outdated in Europe. Their revision is a 
principal task of most European govern- 
ments - including the EEC itself. Weak 
or ineffective legislation could seriously 
impede the growth potential of the 
satellite services markeL 

The next stage: Atari 520STM, at £399 

Euro launchings 
setting hot pace 

By Geof Wheel wright 
The competition among man- 
ufacturers, in the high power, 
small business and home com- 
puter markets stepped up this 
week .with' the European 
launches of a series of ad- 
vanced computers from Atari 
and Commodore. 

Commodore's Amiga, 
which has become well known 
for its dazzling array of colour 
and sound capabilities, is the 
most expensive of the new- 
comers at an expected £1500. 

This price is likely to in- 
clude two disc drives, 512k of 
computer memory and some 
as yet unspecified software. 

The.major problem with the 
Amiga, however, is not likely 
to be price - but the lack of 
business software. 

Although it admits that it 
will take sometime before the 
amount of serious software for 
the Amiga comes anywhere 
near that of the IBM PC or 
even Apple's Macintosh, 
Commodore says that a num- 
ber of business software pack- 
_ s will be ready for -the 
Amiga when it starts shipping 
to the UK in June. 

An attachment which al- 
lows the Amiga to use soft- 
ware written for the IBM PC 
will be available later in the 

Atari, meanwhile, an- 
nounced a series of new and 

powerful machines in its ST 
range— starting at £400 after a 
hefty last min ute price rise 
from £300. ' 

The 52QSTM entry level 
cqmputer.which will have 
51 2k of computer memory, 
can be plugged into a televi- 
sion set and has sockets for 
disc drives and printer drive 
connection. It will also include 
a mouse controller and a 
picture-style command sys- 
tem similar to Apple's Macin- 
tosh computer. 

in another last minnte 
change of mind the company 
has decided not to launch a 
version of this model with a 
built-in computer disc drive. 
At the top of the range is the 
£800 Atari 1040STF — which 
includes one megabyte of 
computer memory, a built in 
720k high-capacity disc drive 
and black and white high- 
resolution computer monitor. 
This machine could be of 
some worry to Apple — which 
launched its one megabyte 
Apple Macintosh Plus with a 
price tag of more than £2,000 
— only a few months ago. 

While the Atari machine 
has nowhere near the software 
base of the Apple offering, and 
so far cannot hook up to the 
same types of business sys- 
tems, Atari says it is working 
hard on remedying both fee- 

Compaq: 3 ne w models! 

Compaq Portable II now available in 3 
versions: fighter, smaller, sleeker, new 
keyboard. 80286 8 mJlz processor, 256k 
expandable to 4. 1 megabytes. Floppy or 

lflmb liard disk. From £2695. . 

Prices reduced this week by up to £600 on Compaq Portable, 
Compaq Phis and Compaq Deskpro. FuO range in-stock. 

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HHJrofc tUmrUILTO Telephone 01-831 0644: Telex 916509 



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l - ------ J 

Games that can fool bosses 

By David Guest 
Ever since one particular flight 
simulator computer game be- 
came the litmus test of wheth- 
er a computer was truly 
compatible with the IBM PC 
it has been obvious that 
personal computing at work 
need not be an overwhelming- 
ly serious business. 

Sure enough software sup- 
pliers have come up with 
games that owners of business 
micros can play. Though they 
cannot match the huge range 
of choice of games available 
for home computers they cov- 
er much of the same ground. 

Before the days of business 
PCs it was considered almost 
fraudulent to play games on a 
company's computer — the 
player was after all appropriat- 
ing machine time for frivolous 

This attitude has moved on 
in a slightly modified form to 

the level of the personal 
computer and so a new gener- 
ation of recreational software 
has been developed to disguise 
the feet that the eager comput- 
er user at work is in fact lost in 
a world of game playing. 

The pioneer of such decep- 
tive computer games in the 
UK is a West Country firm. 
Microdeal, where its programs 
give the user a chance to 
display a business-like screen 
in the middle of a game of 
backgammon at the touch of a 
single key. When the lurking, 
and presumambly more se- 
nior management ,-has depart- 
ed it is equally easy to return 
to the point where the game 
was left. 

Microdeal admitted, how- 
ever, that its own staff was 
banned from using the dum- 
my device at work 

For the bone idle who wish 

to peer into space while giving 
an appearance of industrious 
concentration at the computer 
screen there is a package called 
Look Busy from a Texas- 
based company called Fake 

This appears on screen to be 
a foil scale integrated business 
package working away but 
actually requiring no attention 
from the user. 

Programs known as desktop 
organisers can also include 
games that can quickly be 
banished from the screen 
though they tend to be of the 
more worthy mental stimula- 
tion type. But all these games 
lack the courage of their 
convictions— encouraging the 
view that computing is in 
some strange way a furtive 
activity. Where is an executive 
toy intended to be placed if 
not on a desk in plain view? 

may draw 
blank on 
tape levy 

By Matthew May 

The proposal by the Govern- 
ment to introduce a 10 per 
cent levy on the price of blank 
audio tapes raises some inter- 
esting questions about blank 
cassettes purchased purely tb 
record home computer pro- 

The levy, which is expected 
to work out at an average of 10 
pence per tape, has been 
suggested as a way of compen- 
sating musicians and the 
record industry for the loss dt 
income from the widespread 
home taping. 

Though the copying of 
home computer software is 
said to be fast becoming as 
much of a problem as in the 
record industry the current 
plan does not include any 
compensation for software 

As it is impossible to tell 
what blank tapes will be used 
for at the time of- purchase, 
home computer owners are 
likely to be paying a levy to the 
music industry for their blank 

Software firms are not, how- 
ever, planning to lobby the 
Government tor a share of the 
proceeds from the levy, esti- 
mated at around £5 million 
per year. The Federation 
Against Software Theft 
(FAST), which says it repre- 
sents about 70 per cent of the 
companies producing home totally against the 
concept of a levy because. says 
FAST coordinator Brian 
Hay, they see the levy as “a 
licence to copy". I 

Unlike the music industry 
some software firms have 
been able to introduce mea- 
sures to prevent the copying of 
home computer software but 
they are frequently a consider- 
able annoyance to the genuine 

Programs stored on cassette 
tape are typically only a few 
minutes long and special short 
tapes, ranging from five to 15 
minutes in length, have been 
produced for computer 
enthusiasts.One partial solu- 
tion to the problem could be 
to exempt tapes of less than 1 5 
minutes though standard 
length tapes are also used to 
record several programs. 


In feet they come from Zenith, the world's 
number one PC-compatible supplier. 

Zenith covers all personal computer 
needs with a range that includes a multi-user 
AT compatible, single-user desktops, 
transportables and a unique briefcase sized 
system. And with operating speeds up to (50% 
fester than before. 

Every single model in the Zenith PC 
range is not only fully IBM-compatible. 
Theyre also compatible one with another 


throughout the whole Zenith range; which 
can't be said for some PCs! ■ 

And all this for several hundred pounds 

Zenith is a 2 billion dollar electronics 
giant with around 10 years' experience in the 
PC field — and back-up to match. And ifs the 
proud winner of the world's largest -ever order 
for PCs. .. 

Thafs why this many PCs couldn’t come 
from any old Charlie. Neither should yours. 



Zenith Data Systems LtiLSi. Johns Court. . 
EasionSirest.HirtWywmbc.BucksHPH UX. 
Tel: (04W) 44X7S1. Telex; 4342L 





















































t r 

X -v-* ■ iJuLd Jjf 


Turning the screw on fraud 

^ A smaB computer crime 
squad at New Scotland Yard is 
gofartheonjygpec ia fi a 
unit in we UKto hvesagafc 
high technology fraud. 
Observers say tUs already 
overstretched just trying w 
handle investigations into com* 

Now four-week training 
courses tor small groups of 
about nine officers »b to be in- 
troduced at the National Po- 
lice CoUege to Hampshire for 
each poQce force in the 
country. Investigati on s Wo 

computer fraud are often 
hampered by the reluctance of 
companies to admit that 
crimes have occured, fearing 
the effect that puWcfty 
might have on the 
organization's credfoffity. 

■ GEC Avionics has won a 
£33 miHon order to supply 
computers to the US Air 
Force and Navy. The company 
befieves the order couid 
mean spin-off business of up 
to £342 motion. It will make 
1.600 standard central air data 
computers, which ten pilots 
tow fast and high they are fly- 
ing, to be Installed in up to 
30 types of aircraft. GEC 
Avionics, based at Roch- 
ester, Kent, has now won or- 
ders for a total of 3.000 
computers for the US forces. 
The latest contract was 
gained against five compet- 
itors, four of them Amen- 

Ron Howard, a director of 
die company, said: "ft's stiff 
very unusual for a British 
manufacturer to win orders at 
toe heart of the American 
defence Industry, ft's very hard 
work but it can be done. 


8 Amstrad has announced 
a bfocer verson of its highly 
successful budget Priced 
word processor aimed at those 
who need a larger word 
processtoq capacity. The 
PCW8512 nas double the 
memory. 512k. of the earlier 
version, two instead of one 
tfisc drives and wiB cost £574. 

It includes the same word 
processor, monitor and printer 
that comes with toe first 
model. With other business 
software such as financial 
spreadsheets and databases 
now becoming available the 
new computer should increase 
Amstrad’s appeal to small 
offices and businesses. Sales 
of the original model have 
been running at high enough 
levels that discounts have 
bean virtual tv Impossible to ob- 

is now selling it complete with 
a financial spreadsheet for 

9 Sharing ideas wffl be 
easier for some Soviet and US 
scientists conducting joint 
research projects if fne Kremlin 
approves the first official 
computer link between the 
superpowers. The data ex- 
change would allow research- 
ers to bypass distance, time 
and bureaucratic barriers, said 
Murray TuroH. a computer 
scientist at the New Jersey In- 
stitute of Technology, who 
developed the idea. He said in- 
formal computer 
networking began fast summer 
between about 12 US and 
Soviet scientists in a variety of 

fields that led the Russians 
and some US people to realize 
this would be a way to not 
only carry on exchanges, but 
joint research. 

■ Deutsche Bundespost 
has announced a nationwide 
telemetry project that will 
enable the meter signals to be 
transmitted digitally without 
interfering with voice traffic. 
The project will also allow 
other uses to be evaluated 
including announcement 
systems, emergency alarm 
systems, and remote con- 
trol of air conditioning and traf- 
fic signals. Network 
equipment for the project is be- 
ing supplied by the British 
firm Racai MHgo. The 
Bundespost plans to install 
the system in every local ex- 
change area eventually. 

The service will cost about £ 20 
for a connection and £1 a 
month rental. It is similar to 
British Telecom's Bitstream 
service that began trials of 
automatic meter-reading 
two years ago. 

■ Fujitsu, Japan's top com- 
puter group, has denied a re- 
port originating in West 
Germany that it would stop 
making computers compat- 
ible with IBM systems. The 
Japanese group is the 
world's leading producer of 
IBM-compatible systems, ft 
also supplies them to Siemens 
of Germany and Amdahl of 
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the spoken 

By Martin Banks 
There have been increasing 
noises recently about transla- 
tion machines. The Japanese 
are even said to be developing 
a telephone that can translate 
the spoken word. The caller 
speaks Japanese into one tele- 
phone and from out of anoth- 
er, presumably somewhere 
else in the world, comes 
; spoken English — or vice- 

Far-fetched? In the short 
i term, yes. The computer and 
j software needed to cope with 
not only on-line word transla- 
tion but also the problems of 
i grammar and syntax that will 
I work with both s perch recog- 
1 nition and synthesis has not 
been built yeL But there is 
nothing wrong with the the- 

Take the Japanese phone 
again. The chances are that a 
translating telephone would 
be used primarily for business 
calls. That, by definition, 
means that the words spoken 
would be a limited sub-set 
vocabulary, specifically geared 
to business needs and 
■ terminologies. 

There are precedents which 
demonstrate that when a light- 
ly defined and limited vocabu- 
lary is used translation can 
become a relatively simple 

One of the oldest precedents 
came from the US tractor 

company, Caterpillar- Its trac- 
tors sol'd worldwide, which 
posed an expensive problem 
for the company. Translating 
the essential repair and main- 
tenance manuals into many 
different languages was both 
expensive and risky. There 
was always the danger that, 
like the archetypal instruc- 
tions which come with a 
foreign consumer product, the 
translation would prove to be 

Caterpillar’s solution was to 
develop a specific English 
vocabulary geared to main- 
taining tractors. It found it 
could get this vocabulary 
down to about 850 words and 
it found it cheaper and more 
efficient to teach non-English 
speakers this sub-set than to 
translate the manual. 

Such a total number of 
words may seem small yet it is 
ideally configured for the 
needs of computer translation. 

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Most individuals have a -vo- 
cabulary of several thousand 
words yet often get by with 
just a few hundred in day-to- 
day life. 

In any business environ- 
ment the vocabulary often 
gets smaller and, more impor- 
tant, more specific in the 
meaning of individual words. 
For example, taking the word 
credit co have any more than 
one meaning could make a 
nonsense of accounting prac- 
tice. * - - 

This means that computer 
translation system's can be- 
come quite feasible. Indeed, 
working with a well-defined 
vocabulary geared toa specific 
business overcomes the major 
problem of such systems. 
Translation of individual 
words is one thing, but the real 
problem is coping with gram- 
mar and syntax. 

The different constructions 
of language*; make computer- 

based translation systems far 
more difficult than amply 
substituting wards. Eaar lan- 
guage would need its own 
program to cope with their 

For example, the construc- 
tion of French is different 
from German, where whole 
sentences are put into one 
word where the tense, and so 
the sense, rests in the last 

•. The all-purpose translation 

system that can cope 'With ibis 

is a long way off The busin e ss 
system, or more specifically a 
number of different business 
translation , systems, are much 
more feasible, though they will 
undoubtedly cause problems 
and misnnderstandings at 

Expect to see “the ancient 
torture system up in the sky on 
a boat** as the result of a 
computer translating the 
phrase "ship the stocks by 

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Education Correspondent 
Microcomputers . have been 
introduced into English and 
Welsh classrooms on the 
cheap. Though . a secondary 
school has, on average 10 
micros and Britain, is thought 
to lead the world in the idea of. 
microcomputer use in educa- 
tion, the hardware has been 
introduced at minimum cost. 

Compared with French 
schools, for example. British 
schools have a thin spread of 
micro-computeis and many 
children probably have little, 
contact with them. 

. The Government has spent 
£20 million on hardware and 
peripherals and £23 '■ millionr 
over five years on. the Micro-: 
electronics Education Pro- 
gramme, which is being killed 
at (he end of March and which 
has done invaluable work 
preparing software for schools 
and training teachers. 

It will be replaced by the 
Microelectronics Support. 
Unit, with less funding at a 
much lower level land with a- 
narrower brief. .This unit will 
not even be in place by April 
and wiU probably not function 
until the autumn, so for a long 
time there wfll be little support 
for teachers and local authori- 

But there is good news in 
one area of the country; 
Letchworth, Hertfordshire, 
where Education 2000, the 
educational initiative 
launched in J 983. is proposing 
to revolutionize .bow children 
learn. Centra! toitsthinJang is 
the new technology. 

The Letchworth. project, de- 
signed as the forerunner for 
others throughout tbe coun- 
try, aims essentially to retain 
all the teachers in the town's 
six secondary schools. This 
means that 250 teachers at 
four comprehend ves and two 
independent boarding schools 
will join together from Sep- 
tember to rethink tbe curricu- ; 
lum completely. , \ * - V. 

The initiative is novel. .not 

London SoftwraStwfo 

only for combining the private 
and maintaining sectors in 
this way, but also because it is 
independent of the State appa- 
ratus-anti trying to innovate 
'cm an ambitions scale. So for 
the project has been promised 
£i milli on over four years so 
that it can increase the staff in 
nil six schools by about lOper 
cent This wffl give every 
member of staff 40 days off 
over two years for retraining. 

Education 2000. launched 
by a group of dissatisfied 
educationists to prepare chil- 
dren for life in the 21st 
century, is worried about the 
number of children who leave 
school completely unprepared 
'for the world about them. Its 
president is Basil de Ferranti, 

chairman of Fer rant i and 

MEP for Hampshire. 

Co-chairmen of the trustees 
are Sir Biyan Th waites, for- 
mer principal of Westfield 
College. London, arid 
Christoper Wysoch-Wright, 
chairman of Wrightson- 

The projects director is 
John Abbott, former head of 
Alleyn's • school, Stevenage, 
who has conducted a feasibil- 
ity study into the secondary 
school cuniculum for Hert- 
fordshire County Council. He 
says that the level of hardware 
is crucial to the impact that 
new technology can make in 
schools and mat ft is impor- 
tant to have as many ma- 
chines as possible. 

He proposes that all the 250 
teachers in letchworth are 
taught word-processing in the 
next Iff month? so that with 
enough machines word pro-. 

Church in 

SontsbeA? nay ha.vt.Woi 
Bang an office of the Sanaa 
Cadtofic AxdtdiiMae of Su 
Francisco to “toadet ^ com- # 
paters. The diocese bong* 
more tin© 2,9» oomsriers at 
special edmxtieBBl tfccMnci 

from Appte Comparer tntooly 

400 coded sp is chart*-?** 
schools mid rectories, the Sea 
ftmsco OtomOe re p orted 
last week. ■ 

Tie-otter MO0 font their 
way back, to letaBera m New 
The . Rev MSes Rfley. tte 
archdiocese sp o kesman , said 
chinch officials were “patofid- 
(y aware** of thestteatim and 
“are trying to resolve it* 

“We want to pay hade vtot ■ 
is owed and make amends," be *" 
said, addreg that the archfio- * 
cese already has retained 
S57.46B to Apple after * 
preliminary Jtwdft flf deutags 
with Apple. 1. 

Tbe Rev Carl ScMpper, 
superintendent of archdiocese 
schools, acknowledged that 
ctonibWghl computers bad 
bees resold to naa-edacatioaal 
ssarswer the past Iw Had-a- 
half years bat toted to 
comraea to ddrih. He sail 
steps feed been token to pre- 
vent a recurrence. \ . 

. The Apideattemey Steves 
Sabbath said the dutch was 
co-operating with Apple and 
the district attorney tar the *. 
probe. ' ■ \ ■ -W.- 

ce s si n g will become a -funds- - 
mental skill in the dassnwnL 

Mr Abbott said: “We are 
moving towards the stage 
where we are saying. let’s put 
in a number of schools enough 
word processors for every 
pupil to have access when they 
want todo composition work. 
That would include writing 
essays, reports and using the 
word processor for collabora- 
tive exercises.” -• 

His longterm aim is that 0 
there should be one computer 
to every seven, eight or nine 
students. He is tafiting to 
computer companies about a 
special package deal for tbe 
Leichwonh project; once he 
has chosen a system be hopes 
to put the machines into a 

The new technology is being 
used as a catalyst tor discus- 
sion about the teacher as a 
manager of learning rather 
than as an instructor. With, 
say, 100 terminals in a school, 
teaching can be transformed. 
The teacher can ask the child 
to go and research material A 
and put ir together in a first • 
draft on the word processor. 
Teacher and child will that 
discuss the work. . 

The child may correct, re- 
fine and rewrite it until he or 
she is satisfied enough to have 
it marked. - 

Mr Abbott saw this tech- 
nique working in the. US. in - 
Pnneeton, New Jersey, where 
the children achieved out- 
standing results. There ; was 
one terminal for every nine' 
pupils m a local high sebool 
for 14 to 18 year-olds and tire 
result was that the. staff set. 
fewer essays, but that the-wbrk 
improved dramatically. 

Mr Abbott believes that it ^ 
will challenge the British em- ™ 
phasis on the constant setting- 
of essays, which are marked 
and given back when the child 
is already working on .the next' 
essay. It is rare for a.pmrif to 
re-do anything and the itsuli 
: is that work, produx^d js^bt 
always .very .good - v 

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As an army marches on its 
stomach, much of Great Brit- 
ain Ltd depends on the effi- 
ciency or otherwise of the 
distribution . companies that 
serve the networks of industry 
and commerce, ranging from 
the assembly of cars to the 
slacking of supermarket 

v Moving things around in 
. the most -expeditious manner 
possible is big business: about 

£20 billion a year is spent on 
freighting alone and the 
growth in distribution services 
during the past three or four 
years has been steady as 
Britain's economic activity 
has improved. 

It can be a matter of 
delivering chilled - food in 
prime, condition for that ex- 
panding market or completing 
the frozen food chain which 
gets a fish finger to a child's 
plate in perfect condition. It 
can mean ensuring that all the 
components that make up a 
car get to a factory not too fate 
and. equally important so that 
stocks are kept toa minimum, 
not too early. Or it can mean 
seeing a parcel or letter arrives 
at a destination when it 

While the health of the 
distribution services depends 
on whether the economy is 
doing well, it thrives equally 
on export and import A 
cushioning factor is that the 
retail chain, especially in food, 
has a level of activity which 
lends to hold up during times 
of economic stringency. • 

Nevertheless, this is an 
industry of fierce competition 

-where the weapons of new 
technologies, from specialized 
transport to computer con- 
trols. are used as the levels of 
sophistication spiraL 

Road transport accounts for 
about 95 per cent of the 
movement of freight, with the 
road transport market valued 
at £19-2 billion at the. Jast 
detailed count in 1983. There 
are, the Freight Transport 
Association (FTA) estimates, 
about 500,000 lorries and one 
million lighter transport vans 
involved, with an estimated 
300,000 jobs. 

But British Rail has been 
increasing the appeal of its 
freight services by using road 
transport links to . achieve 
flexible- deliveries from rail 
depots. One cider company 
which built 4l$ own-rail siding - 
to ~ exploit the new system 
saved 25 -per emit on its 
distribution costs, .according 
to British Rail. 

While air freighting is, -in 
percentage terms, a small part 
of the distribution market, it is 
playing a growing ride as the 
demand for fresh fruit and 
vegetables, particularly the 
more exotic varieties, has 
grown. Air freighting was re- 
sponsible for chilled lamb 
from New Zealand to Britain 
in increaang.qiiantififts. 

If all forms of transporta- 
tion. includingthe movement 
of fuels and waterborne trans- 
port, are taken into account, 
total spending is more than 
£40 billion a year. Judged by 
tonnages transported overdis- 
tance — the tonnes-kilometres . 
criterion which measures ac- 

Going faster 

on the road 

Checking in: Foreman Dave Turner, left, and Ray Spencer at the SPD Consortium warehouse at Yate near Bristol 

tual work done — road systems 
account for about 60 per cent 
of the market, rail 9 per cent 
waterborne transport just over 
25 per cem and pipelines 
about 6 per cent 
On road transport the in- 
dex of tonnes-kilometres 
dropped from 107 in 1979 to 
97 the' following year but has 
since climbed to an estimated 
1 10 in 1 984, according to ICC 
Business Ratios 1 There was 

Big changes have 
led to a shift 
in demand 

an estimated easing to 107 in 
early 1985. 

Owner operators running 
up to. five vehicles still ac- 
count lor 70 per cent of goods 
vehicles on the road 

The trend for years has been 
to cany more goods on fewer 
vehicles as articulated lorries 
up to 38 tonnes have matched 
the needs of the last-changing 
retailing sector. The index of 
carryings by articulated vehi- 
cles has risen from 100 in 1977 
to 1 18 in 1985. 

It is the retailing revolution 
that has probably been the 

biggest factor behind 
distribution's own revolution 
although the sophistication 
increasingly demanded by the 
vehicle manufacturers must 
run it close. 

At one time it was the food 
and grocery manufacturers 
that generated demand and 
delivered to the retailer. The 
upsurge of the big chains has 
led to the retailer creating 
demand thus dictating the 
supply system and shifting 
distribution to central ware- 
houses, either owned by the 
retailer or run for them by 
contractors. It is estimated 
that most big multiples con- 
trol distribution centrally for 
between 60 and 80 per cent of 
their sales volume and this 
trend is still accelerating. 

The same progress bringing 
in similar structural changes is 
now being seen in other 
markets such as hardware and 
DIY, furniture, domestic elec- 
trical appliances from washing 
machines to television sets, 
toy retailing and also pharma- 

What could put more lighter 
vans on the road is the new 
trend to squeeze the bigger 
trucks out of city and town 
centres. It will mean more 
depots out of town to break 

loads down for delivery by 
smaller vehicles. That could 
drive up costs to be reflected, 
inevitably, in prices. It is a 
moot point whether a single 
delivery by one large truck to a 
big in-town store is more 
disruptive than multiple de- 
liveries by a fleet of smaller 
vehicles carrying the same 
amount of goods. 

In road freighting many 
smaller companies, with less 

Deliveries at 
weekend to meet 
family needs 

than five vehicles, are finding 
it increasingly difficult to 
make a profit, according to 
Key Note, the market ana- 
lysts*. But Key Note believes 
the parcels and small loads 
traffic still has considerable 
growth potential although in- 
creased competition could 
mean lower prices. 

In its latest report** on 
major road hauliers ICC Busi- 
ness Ratios found some of the 
companies with the higher 
profits margins dealt with 
non-bulk consignments. They 
include TNT Road Freight 

UK. a part of Australia's 
Thomas Nationwide Trans- 
port. George White, which 
belongs to Associated News- 
papers and John Forman, a P 
& O subsidiary. 

ICC forecasts a further re- 
vival in haulier's fortunes, 
possibly with sales growth 
exceeding 10 per cent. De- 
mand for services is expected 
to remain high. 

As the prospect grows of 
armchair shopping, using in- 
teractive links to order goods 
displayed on television, a 
harbinger of what the public 
can expect is the delivery 
service offered by 
Homes peed, a venture by 
Pickfords Removals, part of 
the National Freight Consor- 

Homespeed's two-man 
teams deliver items such as 
furniture and electrical appli- 
ances at times, including eve- 
nings and weekends, to meet 
family needs. 

Derek Harris 

Industrial Editor 

* Road Haulage. Key Note. 

** Road Hauliers (Major): ICC 
Business Ratios. £137. Both 
available from 28-42 Banner 
Street. London ECIY 8QE. 

The great days of the train, 
when the railways were seen 
as the natural means of mov- 
ing goods around the country, 
have long gone. The greater 
flexibility of road transport, 
helped by an ever expanding 
and improved road network, 
has meant that it now accounts 
for nearly two-thirds of all 
freight movements. 

About three-quarters of that 
traffic is carried by 
manufacturers’, wholesalers' 
and retailers' vehicle fleets. 
The so-called third party dis- 
tribution network ranges from 
thousands of one man opera- 
tions to the giant National 
Freight Consortium, formerly 
the National Freight Corpora- 
tion, which is now owned by 
the employees and one of the 
great privatization successes. 

The NFC operates 13,000 
vehicles from more than 700 
locations in the UK and 
overseas, and in 1984 its 
turnover was more than £562 
million. It includes snch 
household names as British 
load Services and Pickfords. 

Its BRS operations have 
recently been merged with 
those of the SPD group, which 
it acquired from Unilever last 
year. SPD specializes in the 
high street distribution of 
consumer goods, providing a 
common carrier for compatible 
products from different manu- 
facturers destined for the same 

Every year it makes more 
than two million deliveries to 
125.000 retailers, wholesalers, 
caterers, factories and institu- 
tions, and its customers in- 
dude Whitbread, Van den 
Berghs, Scottish and Newcas- 
tle Breweries and Beefeater 
Inns. It also has management 
contracts with Kelloggs, 
Sainsbnry's, Tesco and Mara. 

SPD accounts for about 
nine-tenths of the NFC turn- 
over, the remainder is repre- 
sented by smaller subsidiaries 
such as Carry care, which spe- 
cializes in consumer goods 
that need extra careful han- 

It claims to have been the 
first to develop effective pro- 
tective packing, handling. 

storage and distribution meth- 
ods. ' 

Another subsidiary, CDS, 
specializes in distribution ser- 
vices to the confectionery in- 
dustry. Formerly the transport 
division of Geo Bassett Ltd, it 
now acts as a common carrier, 
delivering 3,000 different 
products to 40,000 customer 

Distribution costs are now- 
estimated to account for up to 
25 per cent of the purchase 
price of a product and conse- 
quently more and more atten- 
tion is being paid to potential 
savings. The formation of the 
Institute of Physical Distribu- 
tion Management reflects the 
increasing use of specialist 
companies that can advise 
manufacturers and retailers on 
the most cost-effective meth- 

Manufacturers* own trans- 
port fleets have correspond- 
ingly declined, one reason 
being that the high turnover of 
large supermarkets has made 
traditional distribution meth- 
ods, with a separate vehicle 
from each supply source, imr 
practica) m terms of unload- 
ing. queueing and waiting 

The obvious solution was to 
concentrate deliveries from all 
suppliers into a central or 
regional warehouse so that 
deliveries could be co- 
ordinated. This in turn has 
freed more retail store space 
for display and sales. * 

The jaigon phrase for third 
party involvement is physical 
distribution management 
(PDM). National Carrier!; 
Contract Services, another 
part of the NFC group, offers 
its customers PDM 
“•packages", whereby it takes 
full responsibility for the 
whole distribution process. - 

Among the company's prinj 
cipal customers are Boots* 
Morphy Richards and BMW" 

The biggest incentive to the 
growth of road distribution 
services has of course been the 
expansion of the motorway 
network, from the completion 
of the Ml in 1959 to the near- 
completion of the M25 london 
orbital route. 

John Young 

■rvafc- ’ -I - ,*_■ - - r»-- *. .••• /':/• 

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— Tir>- 



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It costs just £10 to test the 

Cargo for reliability. 

Thurt an-pica! chaige Securicor mate for 
delivering a package anywhere in the UK, by 

depends on 350 ford 

Cargos, for making local deliveries as well as 

tons -distance trunking nms. 

nromise means relia- 

• Securicor's time promise means reuia- 

hiiity is tire fast thing they 

Transport Direaor Ron Smith checks thts 

constantljr there are three pages of computer 
information on every one of their vehicles 

And the computer has proved Cargo 
maintenance costs are well below the norm. 

The fitters agree toa According to 
Ron Smith, Securicor-s maintenance people 
all prefer Fords. 

He likes the clean, good-looking lines of 
the Cargo. 

And his drivers like the truck, too This is vehicles, and in peak periods we lure m other 

especially important to Secuncor, because 
their drivers meet the customers The company 
sees them as pan of the sales forte 
In the main, Secuncor run 7 5 and 
16 tonne Cargos, and they're adding the new 
Cargo Cummins 10 litre 

“We choose every truck on mem,” says 
Ron, “We make regular tests on competitive 

trucks, which gives us a chance to get a good 
look at them 

But I don't think there's a better truck 
anywhere than a Cargo ' 


■ ■, J ■ r “thiN£-v. 







;y ^ • -viv' 

The air-frei 

Supermarkets set the pace £S 


C A^Sgpl 
a &* 1 

Disiribulion services can no 
longer be taken for granted, 
merely to be delegated to a 
'transport manager. They are 
taking up the lime increasing- 
ly of directors in a company, 
including managing directors, 
according to the Freight 
Transport .Association (FT A). 

This is because companies 

have become increasingly 
aware that with an average 12 

& Choose from 18 
major off-the-shelf 
packages for 
managers and 
supervisors fat 
retailing and 

Pick and mix from 
400 different 
learning modules 

Or ask ns to 
design something 
specially for you 

HITCHW SGS 2DF teL 0462 31552 



aware that with an average 12 
to 1 3 per cent aod possibly as 
much as 20 percent or more of 
a product's purchase price 
being accounted for by distri- 
bution costs tbe need for 
efficiency is crucial and the 
scope for savings substantial 

It is the big supermarket 
chains which mostly have 
moved furthest in refining 
distribution systems. In 
searching for savings, many 
have dropped the old systems 
of suppliers delivering to 
stores and have set up their 
own centralized depots where 
the needs of a store are made 

J Sainsbury, Britain's big- 
gest grocer, has steadily 
moved to the position where 
SO per cent of goods sold 
through its shops are delivered 

through its own depot net- 

David yuarmby, the board 
director responsible for distri- 
bution at Sainsbury.' said: "At 
one time 10 suppliers would 
have been sending 10 vehicles 
to drop at one store what we 
now send out in one vehicle. It 
is far more efficient, enabling 
us to manage and control our 
stocks more tightly, to carry 
out seasonal planning and to 
respond far more quickly to 
unexpected needs and to 

Tesco Stores, with 400 out- 
lets of which 110 are 
superstores, has a 24-hour 
stock replenishment system 
under which shelf replenish- 
ment needs are notified over- 
night to depots which then 
supply what is necessary the 
next day. So far all wines and 
spirits are on the system and 
65 per cent of all food lines. 
Overall about 65 per cent of 
merchandise goes through the 
central warehousing system 
leaving scope for other sup- 
plies going direct from suppli- 
ers. Exact requirements cue 
fed to suppliers delivering 

Tbe increasing number of 


TNT Skypak is for when someone, 
somewhere overseas needs something off 
you fast 

A vital document or computer tape, A 
for instance. Oran urgent M 

spare part to keep some far-off Jm I 

wheeb turning Mm 

Whether its diplomatic jmg 

papers or heavy freight t(f£r 

TNT SkypaKs worldwide door-to w 
-door couriers make sure your consignment 
arrives intact on time 

ThatS because from collection to 
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Exclusive TNT Skypak couriers 
accompany it in the air, whibt l 

on the ground in over 80 m / ; 

countries there are TNT KjffiS 

Skypak people and vehicles ^ 

mb to ensure everything goes smoothly 

mg qwckty 

gw With these extensive worldwide 

gw resources, we can often help you when it 
V appears noone else can 
sj Given a 9am call in London, for 

a example, we can deliver before lunch, local 
I time, in Nm\brk And our unique Bite 
f Service crifers guaranteed set-time delivery^ 
over 50 of the worlds key commeraa/cente 
Fora fuH information pack including the 
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PosttaTNTSkypaK Unit 6S(Mre Estate. 




3^- 7 


iPiiir mmmi 


The heaty capital Invesimeni invoked 
in purchasing and operating your vehicle 
fleet can all loo easily put the braLesan >our 
company's growth and development 

With Ryder, your com pan v can take 
advantage of the real benefits and economies 
of hiring rather than owning your vehicles. 

As par! of our Full Service Contract, we 
could purchase your trucks, creating capital 
fbryou to re-invesi in your business - while 
we lake all rhe responsibility of running and 
maintaining your fleet. 

provide Fuel. Insurance, highly trained and 
professional Drivers 
(alleviating you of the 
responsibility for the 
Operators Licence) and 
even plan and operate 
yourentire distribution. 

Reliability you can be confident well put 
your business first. 

IrUi'l *iniduriitth llW 


However iryou 
prefer to retain 
ownership ofyour Heel 
puniinivijiMinteiii? we can provide a 
'Planned Maintenance Programme! on your 
own premises. Whichever option y ou choose, 
every Ryder truck Is backed up by a second 
to none, on ihe road 
service which operates 
24 hours a dav. 

W here every ou are- there Isa 
Rider depot nearby. 

.lArr-JrfkH* rinai^fruif /he nomfh 

fhi -* 'Vhd trre funlicr mluniMTiorKMiRttlrtl 'cntia»i Hire. 

Position . 


Company . 

Address . 

Every contract is that we 
can create a package which suits your needs, 
at a predetermined cost, whether ifs for one 
vehicle or one thousand. 

Under the basic con tract we finance and 
supply ihe trucks, in your own livery . and 
maintain them io the highest standards. And. 
as funher options under this contract we can 

f J 4* : J 

365 days a year. 

So you can be 
certain that help is 
never very iarawai. 

and Ifwe can t put the • — 

problem rigliL we will replace the truck. 

Ifvou'd like io discover how keeping 
your fleer on ihe road could be as easy as 
w riling one momhly cheque, simpiy till in 
the coupon and posi it today. Uith Ryder 

P.mi'lJ vjnofB.Saifrtancf V jrWfwig CM reelin'. 

Rider Ir^n-p-m ynu-e^i P Hnuse. 

■iT-irc I \hn(J(.-e Rn.m r HIM. London W > STL TI 
Teteplione 'JISj'iPJSJ. 

ik.itr: lMi,4H>n-rfnn<~>l-..ii)ni««iufRvilr, Irutt Rmul > ill ■ 

Da rid Qnannby: A better 
service at Sainsbury 

supermarkets in retailing with 
electronic point of sale (EPOS) 
systems means stock ordering 
can originate at the tilL British 
Home Stores is one group with 
an at-the-till stock control 

Studies being made in the 
industry seem to be pointing 
to retailer-con trolled systems 
being nearly twice as efficient 
measured in costs. The actual 
job may well be done by the 
growing number of specialist 
companies that can be linked 
with a retailers control system 
and meet its specific needs. 

An example is the Sainsbury 
distribution centre at Yate, 
Bristol serving an area 
stretching from the Midlands 
to the South-west as well as 
South Wales. This is managed 
by SPD, now part of the 
National Freight Consortium, 
Britain's biggest distribution 
company that also includes 
British Road Services. 

More goods bound for the 
shops also demand specialist 
handling. This includes sensi- 
tive equipment such as micro- 
computers, word processors 
and other audio and video 
equipment. The storing and 
transporting of chilled and 
frozen foods is another spe- 
cialist sector. 

The supermarket chains are 
also seizing a bigger share of 
the growing markets for fresh 
foods such as fruit, vegetables 

Distribution Services, be- 
lieves relatively inexpensive 
microcomputers and hand- 
held terminals will increasing- 
ly make it possible to raise 
genera! standards of 

warehousekeeping- w - the ad- 
vantage of smaller companies. 

Management and organiza- 
tion is another area of oppor- 
tunity, according to Mr 
Stanton. While much of the 
initiative in distribution bad 
passed to retail ere their inter- 
ests are necessarily narrow i 
and specific. So for innovation ; 
the industry would need to 
look to tire transport hirers, i 
the sector dominated by s mall ; 

Mr Stanton told a recent 
FTA conference on distribu- 
tion: “I do not believe that big 
is necessarily beautiful or. 
indeed profitable but we do 
need organizations of ade- 
quate size to finance and 
manage technological innova- 
tion. We must be able to 
develop young managers 
skilled in modern 

Courses in distributed man- 
agement at universities and 
polytechnics should be broad- 
ened, he urged. Equally, the 
industry had to be prepared to 
enhance the status of distribu- 

tion management so young 
managers had the chance of 
accelerated business experi- 


The air-freight Industry 
going through a period of 
rapid change brought about by 
the gradual extension of tbe 
oseofwhle-iXHfieii aircraft, by 
finctuariOBs in world cu rrenc y 
rates fending mnltinational 
corporations to move their 
mnafactaring bases around, 
and by the startling success of 
the express parcels industry. 

With their huge belly-turn 
cargo capacity (a Tristar lolds 
7JS tonnes of freteM as wefl as 
a fall passenger load; a BAG 
Super 1-11 less than a tonne) 
regular scheduled passenger 
flights can now handle large 
items which used to hove to si 
around waiting for. enough 
Other cargo to justify the use 0 * 
a freighter- Today, 83 percent 
of air cargo travels on sched- 
uled services. 

The total UK throughput of 
air-freight for 1985 was about 
850,000 tonnes. Heathrow raw 
more t fp pn 529,000 tonnes of 
that, with an estimated value 
of around £?..25 billion. 

British Airways, with one of 
tbe largest worldwide net- 
works in the industry, sees tire 
market developing wefl aver 
the next few years, 

**We now earn more than £1 
million in freight revenues in 
35 countries,” says Geoff 
Bridges, the cargo manager. 
“The most important aspects 
are simplicity, speed, and 
reliability. Price is becoming 
an increasingly marginal 
consideration.” . „ 

For British Cafedonsan, air 
cargo is also important. Some 
15 per cent of the airline s 
corporate turnover is depen- 

A rapid 
change in 
the air 

dent ou the talents of David 
Brooksbank and -Us team . 
During 1985 they handled 
more than 54000 tonnes of. 


base; ** well as lft,0w towocs 
dT nail from &e ft&t Offfce 
and their overseas coaster- . 

The dramatic growth of the 
express parcels market haa£_ 
inevitably, taken some traffic 
away from air-freighL 7“ 

The airlines are aware that - 
they bare to improve their 
marketing and uprate their 

speed. It is a fact that, in the _ 
j y g s tj, items for air-frright 
spent as astonishing ^92 per 
cent of their transit times 
sitting en tire growud. That is 
changing rapidly. UonfcaUr, 
speed within Europe has been 
substantiall y improved by w* 
ing tire roads and fanes. 

• Overnight ' movements 
across European frontiers 
means less delays and pres 
farter service. Now, less than 
40 per cent of inter-European 
airfreight actually gets- air- 

. The need to invest » newer, 
better gnxmd-hsadfiug is em- 
phasised by BA who .are 
puttin g £7 mflUon into their 
Heathrow faofities to hoprove 
speed on the greoad. 

i * 

. , f : ; ; 

k > ■ 


A growing market 
for fresh foods 

and dairy products like yo- 
ghurt. This calls for large-scale 
distribution systems for such 
products with careful tem- 
perature control all along the 

Among the temperature- 
control specialists are Chris- 
tian Salvesen, Frigoscandia, 
Uni gate’s Wincanton and' 
Tempco Union as well as j 

' While some in the industry 
have been worried at the 
swing to centralized distribu- 
tion, which has also spread to 
Debenhams among others in 
the department store sector, 
Mr Quannby at Sainsbury 
maintains that retailer-contrcd 
domination of distribution 
networics is not inevitable. 

The information technology 
revolution creates a potential 
for both suppliers’ distribu- 
tion networks and the distri- 
bution companies, be says. 

To achieve the real benefits 
in total distribution systems 
from supplier factory to the 
store shelf needed enormous 
investment both in computer 
software and management ef- 
fort to market and implement 
it, he believes. This offers 
potential for larger distribu- 
tion companies to develop 
systems for smaller suppliers 
and smaller retailers or groups 
of retailers. 

Mr Tony Stanton, manag- 
ing director of Tale & Lyle 

Nowthanks to BLAH 
it’s way behind the times. 

deadline. '. 

Working through the night we deliver door-to-door anywhere 
in Great Britain, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, Holland, 
Belgium, Luxembourg, France and West Germany. ' 

ra** 5 "* 
ikM y 

*•* , V* 

9 $ U 

our large fleet of vehicles and our own aircraft mean that nothing is 
left to chance - you and your customers can rely on your urgent 
consignments being delivered to most areas the next day or even 
the next morning. * - 

Making ELAN one sen/ice that delivers faster than express. 

For more information or an immediate collection call our nation- 
wide Linkline number 0800 123000 and you will be connected with 
your local ELAN depot free of charge. 

* -i .V 

3* **! ft, 

* ■> Jtt 

ft mm 

\ ■ r - . .. . 

' • « * w • .1 




M6 , » L 
The 41 

; , . . 

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Establish a base hoe -profitably! 

If you are responsible for taking 
goods to market . .warehousing... 
distributing. . .seeking maximum 
mobility for your manufactured 
products. , , home in on Cumbria. 

The Cambria Connection: 
the M6 Corridor Is a vital link 

between Scotland, the Midlands, ' 
the Morth West and the north East 
Ask for a copy of bur Cumbria : 
Connection brochure linking you 
to a market place of over 15 million 
people within two and a half 1 hours 

I raUhe to team more about The Cwn&rii 
>- CoAnccUon- Pttase 9tnd me the compkte details. 

1 Hamc 

J Company 

|-. Position. 

County Industrial Development Officer, 

Cumbria Cotinty Council, The Courts, . Carl Isle CA&B11A. 
Ttlcphone: 022825456. Tfelex; 64516. 

Retiabffitv in Contract HB-e 




* fa*.* 

4? $C»‘ 

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w-ft ^ 

=3£?- : -4b* 2 ' 

ri AN! 

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, J! -i~ 4 ** 

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The historic decline in impor- 
tance of the .railways as a 
goods carrier has all too 
frequently been accelerated by 
the actions of the rail unions 
either on their own behalf or 
in support of an industrial 
dispute affecting one. or other 
of their principal customers. 
When coal had to be trans- 
ferred .to road distribution 
during the miners’ strike it 
seemed that the whole flight 
network might fall victim to 
misguided ideology. 

«. More recently, this newspa- 
per and its sister publications 
have been “blacked" by the 
NUR and ASLEFas a show of 
solidarity with the dismissed 
print workers; the resulting 
loss of business is about one 
third of the annual revenue of 
£27 million earned from news- 
paper distribution. . 

. This sort of action has 
- created - the impression' that 
the shrewd businessman 
would he well advised to put 
hk faith in motorways and 
private enterprise, and to 
abandon the British Rail le- 
viathan. • 

The fightback has inevfta- 
bty been, and still is a tough 
one. British Rad's new philos- 
ophy recognises the -advan- 
tages and flexibility that road 
transport offers, particularly 
over short distances. It is now 
concentrating on its own 
strength, namely the consider- 
able cost advantage of bulk 
rail haulage over medium to. 
long distances. ’ 

The new Speedlink service, 
employs . a fleet of freight ~ 
trains operating a scheduled 
service under the control of a 
central computer. The wagons 
have air brakes and suspen- 
sion systems designed to 
minimise the -risk of dann«e 

on the rails 

and. the largest can carry up to road and rail, and between 
•"tonnes. . public and private industry. 

Although most rail traffic . was the opening on January 28 
goes through distribution dc- ihis year of a new privately- 
2 nd completes the last owned distribution depot on ; 
pan of its- journey by road, the site of a former railway 
more regular users have opted goods yard at Welwyn, in 
for their own sidings. These Hertfordshire, 
obviate double handling and . Its first shipment consisted 
allow goods to be loadedand of a trainload of a million cans 
unloaded at the firm’s conve- of petfood from Melton 
mence; depending on tireuxn- Mowbray. According to Mr 
stance&tlte cost can be as little Radi Hulsman, commercial 
as £20,000 and grants t>f up to director of Pedigree Petfoods, 
oO per cent are available if shipment by rail has improved 
the company can showthat productivity arid efficiency, 
there are. environmental bene- reduced the pressure on local 
fits in reducing the volume of roads, cut costs and facilitated 
road traffic. _ distribution. 

The feet that the Cominen- j 

tat rail network is so much JY ! 

larger and more modem than ■ 
in Britain has ironically 
worked to British Rail’s ad- 
vantage as trade with the EEC 
has expanded. 

- An example.' is the. contract ’ . 

signed a few weeks between ' . 

Raiffreight, BR’S goods sub- 
sidiary, and Audi-Volks- 
wagen. Spare parts, ranging 
from small electrical compo- 
nentsto complete bodyshells, §T 
which used to be conveyed by = 
road to Hamburg, thence =. 
shipped to Kings Lynn and 1 
loaded again on to lorries, are 3 
now carried ty train and feny 3 
via Harwich direct to a tenrn- 1 
nal near Milton Keynes. . ' S 

Railfreighthas hadto dispel 5 
the impression that it is not j§ 
interested in, or unable to s 
cope with, anything other than =. 
large volume traffic 1 _ s; 

Many food and drink com- 3 
pahies have switched from 3 • ' 
road to raiL Recent converts 3 
include Campbells Soups, = 

Guinness, Giants of St James = 
and Johnnie Walker. -, . =: 

'’ An example of the new — ’ ■ 

spmtrfcofiaboration between ~ . 

In Em-ope the express parcels 
and courier industries are a 
relatively new idea. It was the 
United States that first real- 
ized the importance of speed in 
delivery, an idea taken up by 
TNT, the Australian transport 
knap, when it introduced its 
Overnite nationwide next-day 
delivery service as recently as 

i m 

The move shocked the Post 
Office into action and its 
Datapost division is now fight- 
ing back to the extent when h 
expects to become the second 
largest force in the express 
market within two years. With 
2,600 Post Offices accepting 
small packages, they have no 
reason to 6riL 

BR, with its Red Star opera- 
tion. is also moving to compete 
directly with the private firms 
whose collection and delivery 
facilities have a distinct edge 
over BR’S requirement that 
easterners take their packages 
to the station. Hues is chang- 
ing, bat Red Star does still not 
have a totally nationwide net- 

The privately-owned com- 
panies have invested huge 
amounts of money in their 
infrastructure, with large 
fleets of distinctively-livened 
vehicles, a network of modem, 
regional depots and a big, 
expensive central sorting nut 
where line-haul vehicles from 
every part of the UK arrived to 
disgorge their toads for sorting 
in a middle-of-the-night oper- 

Sophisticated, computerized 
machinery sorts the parcels in 
minutes, speeding them on 

A supersonic postman 

their way to delivery anywhere 
in the UK before midday. 

This equipment, and the 
large number of people in- 
volved in such a nationwide 
operation, is not cheap. “Rates 
wifi harden ora: the next 
year,*’ says Alan Jones of 
TNT. “because costs are con- 
stantly rising as we invest in 
better equipment and more 
sophisticated systems." Far 
from this driving customers 
away the better services of- 
fered attracts more business to 
the giants, at the expense of 
then smaller brethren. 

Lex Wilkinson believes that 
a process of rationalization 
will continue, but again the 
importance of investment in 
better facilities is acknowl- 
edged. “There is a strong move 
towards the premium services 
offering guaranteed delivery 
times," says Geoff Barlett of 
Lex Wilkins on. 

Although the UK domestic 
market is hnge, some esti- 
mates potting It at about £1 
billion a year, it is on the 
international front that size 
really comes into its own. Both 
the express parcels and the 
“pure" courier industries are 
growing apace, with compa- 
nies such as DHL staying way 
out in front of the pack in the 

Traditionally there have al- 
ways been two basic sides to 
the international express ser- 
vices — parcels, which contain 
dutiable items and are there- ! 

fore subject lo customs decla- 
ration, and documents, which 
are not Most companies have 
tended to separate the two, 
principally for practical rea- 
sons. A cornier bag with 
dutiable items needs extra 
documentation, and more time, 
to dear whereas documents 
can be whisked through in 

This extra work and tune 
means that dotiables are nor- 
mally charged at a higher rate, 
about £15 to £20 on average, a 
lucrative source of income fen- 
the carriers. As Federal Ex- 
press, a large American par- 
cels carrier with a burgeoning 
European business, has just 
abolished this surcharge, it 

remains to be seen whether echoed t 
other courier companies will courier < 
follow suit. t0 

The small parcels market, * 

involving dutiaUes, Is thriving 2“ en *7* 
with new services and more fi v * wlo 
aggressive marketing polling items. L 
business away from both tradi- 5™ 
tional air-freight and postal cornier n 
services. SLypa 

Elan is one snch operator, m other 
launched just over three years tw,< * “i 
ago to cater for the UK- OB< - 
Benelnx markets. Now also The spec 
operating to West Germany Kpostnu 
and France, they fly their own d Mac] 
Merchantman aircraft, with a interna fr 
19 tonne payload, from East Al® sti 
Midlands every weekday night search ft 
to Cologne. From there a fleet delivery, 
of road vehides fans out 

covering most of Germany, 
Benelux and Paris with next- 
day deliveries. 

The importance of service is 
echoed by the truly worldwide 
cornier companies which tend 
to handle time-sensitive docu- 
ments and small packages, 
often with a weight of less than 
five kilos, rather than larger 
items. Despite the advent of 
fax and electronic mail, the 
conrier market is booming. 

Skypak, DHL and a couple 
of others even use Concorde 
twice daily to New York with 
an OBC (mi board courier). 
The spectre of these superson- 
ic postmen sipping champagne 
at Mach 2 along with fop 
international executives and 
film stars epitomizes the 
search for the fastest possible 

Peter Smith 


There are so many ups and downs to keeping a company fleet on the road Itiat It'S often ddtait to make thngs look good on the 
books. But it's easy to change that Fleet Management Services Udofler an irwatuatteandcomorehenswe sySem, backed up by 

30 years ol experience. Whether it’s leasing, contract hire or fuH fleel management well take 
■ — — — — „ on the business oJmnrene your fleet leaving you the time in run your business 

I n, I, n n IT iJrtu.Mor.i ■»^ _ For further dnarfs please return the coupon c» telephone Mr Ford on (0743) t-ULBL 


<1 eosmoN. 

/ ADOBES! . 

ini tout smea 

Fleet Management Services Ud 

L,V S tw niUmM .SlJqllMi'iFVm.armtlwvSVmR 
TiMphnn. Tti-.rtnrT(nT1T)TniT! 

TNT offer a complete range 
of nationwide and 
international express 
delivery services 

TNT Sameday 

Door to door same day parcels 
delivery nationwide 

TNT Overnite 

Door to door guaranteed next day 
parcelsdefivery nationwide 

TNT Tristar 

Door to door guaranteed defiveiy within 
twoor three days nationwide 

TNT Despatch Post 

A nationwide network 
of over 400 parcel reception points 
offering all TNTservices 

TNT Contract Services 

Contract distribution 

tailored to users? needs 


A unique fufly integrated 
express freight system between 
fifteen European ^ countries 

TNT Skypak 

Worldwide desk to desk ddivery 
^uiwntciocumentsand parcels 
Over 400 offices in 85countnes . 

DIAL 100 and to * TNT 

Did you think Speedlink was only for = 
mighty trainloads of coal, iron and steel? | 

Did you think you had to be Ford or 1 
ICI before you could have your own siding? | 

And did you think it would cost you § 
millions to build it? 1 

Then here’s a story that will change. | 
your thinking. Taunton’s siding only cost | 
them £20,000. Half the price of a lorry, j 
And it was worth building, even though | 
they were only sending two wagons every | 
other day from Taunton to Glasgow. f 

There one of our road haulage part- | 
ners takes care of the warehousing, order | 
picking and deliveries. Making sure that | 
brewery depots, cash -and- carry s, super- | 
markets and offlicences all over Scotland, | 
are well stocked for opening time. j 

There's less damage. No double hand- | 
ling. And for every £i they used to spend | 
getting the oo an to the och aye, Taunton j 
only spend jgp now. | 

Now we’re not saying that £2o,ooo-or | 
for that matter £200,000 - is a typical figure. | 

But at the very least, it must be worth | 
writing for more information to Stan Judd, 1 
Manager, Speedlink Distribution, 222 Mary- | 
lebone Road, London NWi 6JJ. | 

Or phone 01-723 6249. | 

Who knows, one day you too could be | 
an advertisement. | 

% Speedlink Distribution | 

Yon’re better off siding with us. § 

tW-*. ^ : )SXj 6 




England count 
on Botham 

and Willey for 

From John Wt -dcock, Cricket Correspondent. Trinidad 

"To sum it up." said David 
Gower here ycsitf'day. “we've 
somehow got tc §ei through 
tomorrow mom ig, perhaps 
losing onlv one wicket. We are 
all or the 'same thinking. The 
match can still be won." 

There was not much else 
England's captain could saj 
on an intermittently rainy rest 

toss). England gave them- 
selves “a hard climb back". 

When the West Indies then 
gained a first innings lead ol 
22}. England were looking for 
400 in their second and. on a 
pitch showing signs of wear, 
that was an awful lot. It is 34 
innings and 10 years since 
ihcv last made as many in a 


ENGLAND: Rra» imw^ 176 (Gowar 66. 
Lamb 62; MmlaBAJa). 

Umb 62; Marshall « .la). 

Second ■ ratings 

GA Gooch But b W*i»n 

WN Slack run out ■- — 

*DI Gmw b WM 

P WiBsr not out 

AJ Lamb not out 

Ertraa (b IX ft 3. nb I7J 
Total (for 3wkH) 

— Test match against the West 

Having lost Slack for 
“■ nought, they did pretty well, in 
fact, to finish with 168-3 on 
« Sundav. But the struggle 
4? Willey endured during the two 
» and a" quarter hours lor which 
If he hatted was hardly a good 
u sign for today. He survived a 

it Botham, je En* -my. -tpn oownton. comparaiivelv simple chance 

isfstssrnis™ » 

MCT ,™ Ee rK _. immirm anv number of other close 

fall of wickets 1-2, a -62 . 3- w. 

WEST INDIES Fimi inning* 

CG Gipemdg* c La- 0 b TtMmaa — 37 
OL Nayiw* n Oowt- *> 

b Emcgfay 67 

RB RidWdaon c D, anton 

b Entoumy — 107 

NA Dooms >t Dowm 

b tmunj 30 

s 37 shaves, and he had still made 

6r onl\ 19 at the end of it. 

(jn the other hand, if 
— 102 notches were to be awarded 
30 for sheer determination, for 

. .. ... ■ y&' r ' • 

On guard: Lamb, ever the fighter, takes evasive action 
thing approaching 200 to win. one bats like Hilditch. It is 

CA Bail b Edmond* 

IVA Richard! c Botham b Edmond* . 34 

TPD Payne c Gowtr O Embvrey 5 

MD Maranal not out .. — — — ■ 67 

J Gamer C Gooch b Emburay 12 

C Waleh c Eomond* b Maranafl 3 

BP Pane non c Gooch b Botham 9 

Extras (ft It. w 1. nb 4) 16 

g refusing to be unnerved on the 

!SyT. ; .5 field or side-tracked ofT it. 

62 Willey would have the most. It 

takes all sorts to make a 
iam — 9 louring team and not every- 
ss one can be expected to be as 

FALLOFwiatFrs i-«7. 2-209. 3-242. «- single-minded as Willey; but 

which might well exercise 
them, something special will 
probably be needed from 
Botham, whose Caribbean 
record is not at all encourag- 
ing. He has played 21 first- 
class innings in the West 
Indies now and his highest 
score is 40. 

256. 5-298. 6-303, 7-327, a-342. 9-364. 
BOWLING: Botham 9.44-66-1; Thomaa 
20-4-66-2; Efluoo 16-3-56-0; Edmond* 
30-5-98-2; Emburay 27-5-78-5. 

day of the second Test match. 
With seven wickets standing 
England are 55 runs behind 
and the West Indian fast 
bowlers will be fresh for the 

Alter being bowled out on 
the first day for only 1 76 on 
what Gower thought was “a 
good wicket for balling" (he 
would have chosen to take 
first use of it had he won the 

he is much respected for iL 

When on Sunday evening 
he pointed his bat at Marshall 
for trying to belittle him in 
from of the crowd. Marshall 
knew he had been put in his 
place. And when play resumes 
today no one will have made 
more of a point on using the 
rest das for restoration than 

Lamb too. in his much 
more extroverted way. will be 
fighting it out. Yet if England 
are to have much chance of 
leaving the West Indies any- 

Therc are those who believe 
Botham needs dropping from 
the Test side, because of the 
way he is bowling and the fact 
that he is not gelling the runs 
he should. His last 1 2.4 overs 
on the ground here have gone 
for 1 15 runs, and even Gower, 
who finds him fairly 
unbiddable 1 am afraid, must 
know that the time has come 
to give Ellison, not Botham, 
the new ball. 

Botham simply wastes it by 
bowling so short, usually with 
two long legs as though every- 

irue. too. that the majority of 
his greatest match-winning 
achievements have been in 
England, and that a pitch on 
which the fast bowlers are 
keeping it low is not made for 
someone who is at his best 
hitting the ball “on the up". 

Rumours are abroad as to 
the future touring plans, as- 
suming they continue to be 
selected, of Botham and 
Gooch, prompted not least, 1 
imagine, by the prospect of 
having to spend the best part 
of five months in India. 
Pakistan and New Zealand in 
the winter of 1 987-88. 

In Gooch's case he has no 
wish, either, to be constantly 
paraded as a pariah. It is 
always he who went to South 
Africa — never Willey or 
Emburey or Thomas or any of 
the others — but always Gooch 
and Co. 

Over there and over the top Century by 

Wouldn't ii be nice if I was His record on the tour so far Ah. he is such a marvellous J11*C || 

tmnv? I'm *o much an Ian has been dreadful - anil vet his man 10 natch, and it is desoerare ITlttl 

Wouldn't it be nice if I was 
wrong? I'm *4 much an Ian 
Botham fan. you see. But it 
seems, from this Test match 
which, so far. has been a 
personal disaster for Botham, 
that the man has changed. He 
has changed from being an over- 
reacher, an oier-acbiever. into 
someone who is merely orer-the- 

His howling with the new ball 
on the first day of the second 
Test was beyond belief- He 
strode out apparently to hijack 
the bowling, promptly set a field 
for the bad ball and bowled long 
hops. Not every motoring bat is 
a junkie for the hook like the 
extraordinary Hilditch. Haynes 
and Greenidge rolled their 
wrists and smacked him all 
along the floor to the fence and 
they could harc done so all day 
without giting a chance. 

In that first spell he bowled 
five overs for 39 which was "a 
fair reflection of their worth", as 
e*en the sober Trinidad Guard- 
ian said. His first nine overs cost 
64. which would have been 
shaming in one-day cricket. Oh. 
b4 for no wicket, that is. 

And his behaviour would have 
been shaming to a player in line 
for the man of the match award. 
He kicked the ball 30 yards in 
anger, he publicly harangued a 
player for conceding overthrows 
(wasting runs! — he's a fine one 
to talk, wc all thought) and he 
yelled and made wild gestures at 
his captain when instructions to 
cut nut the long hops caused him 
to bowl a half-volley that was 
straight-driven for four. 

His record on the tour so far 
has been dreadful - and yet his 
practice record has been worse. 
He has always been a lucky 
player, but one is reminded of 
(he Gary Player dictum: “And 
you know what? The harder I 
practice, the luckier I get." Yet 
Botham seems not to have 

When Botham was a lad of 20 
he could genuinely live it np all 
night, skive off practice and then 
go out and take a hatful of 
wickets- But he is an old fellow 
now, coming to the eod of his 
career, and you cannot rely on 

strength and eye and inspiration 
at the age of 30. You need guile, 
you need intelligence. 

’Botham's batting has simi- 
larly been dreadful so far. He 
seems incapable of settling down 
at the crease: he seems only to 
think in terms of the cameo 20. 
That splendid 18 he scored in 
seven balls against Australia 
last summer was terrific and 
right in the context of that game: 
hut that seems now to be his idea 
or the perfect innings. He 
doesn't look as if be expects to 
slay in long. 

It is as if he believes all the 
hype and nonsense of his agent. 
Tim Hudson: as if be truly sees 
himself as “a great British 
hero". He struts on to the stage 
as a star, no longer as a 
professional sportsman. .As if 
the scriptwriter has written in 
his sixes and bis wickets and his 
air-punching celebrations, and 
all he has to do is look cool and 
go through the motions. 

Ah, he is such a marvellous 
man to watch, and it is desperate 
sluff to watch him act like a 
Mike Yarwood impersonation of 
himself, and to set such store by 
such things as the wickets of 
Patrick Patterson, as be creeps 
inch by statistical inch towards a 
new world record for Test match 

When the last long hop has 
been caught on the square leg 
fence, and the record finally 
achieved, he will, perhaps, go on 
to Hollywood. But it seems that 
in his mind he is already there: 
negligent of team requirements 
and destructive on team spirit. 
Players commented on the dif- 
ference between the spirit of the 
tour last winter in India and this 
one - and they put it down to the 
long shadow of Botham. Botham 
acts like a star with a right to 
strut and bully and make an 
utter fool of himself ... and he 
must take a healthy slice of the 
blame for the parlous state 
England are now in in this Test 
match. One hopes this matters 
to him. 

Botham has a way of defying 
his critics and 1 would love to be 
defied today. But what real hope 
can one bold out for a strutting! y 
self-conscious superstar with his 
head in Hollywood? Botham 
might go on to become a star of 
the silver screen. 1 can readily 
believe it. Indeed, right now, I 
can believe, if I might steal a line 
from the play Pnzvdo, that 
Mickey Mouse wears an Ian 
Botham watch. 

not enough 

New Plymouth (Reuter) — 
The Australians' match against 
New Zealand's Central Districts 
finished in a draw yesterday 
when the hosts finished the day 
on 149 for five 

The Australians had earlier 
reached a total of 305 in their 
second innings, their opening 
batsman. Marsh, scoring 101 

AUSTRALIA: Finn rnnfngK 309 tor raw 
dec (Boon 109. Zoetirer 71). 

Seoond mrangs 

D C Boon ran out...- 17 

G R Mareh c Blain b SUrtng 101 

W B Pt»Wp5 c Crowe b Vtesw 48 

GMRrtcWec GtovwblXrft 80 

G R Matthews c and b Dud. 5 

S J Waugh c sub b String — . 0 

T J Ztoenrer c and b Swtaig 0 

R J Bronte and b Dud — — 16 

C J McDermott b Bnasco 4 

B Reid c Glover b Outf — - 17 

S P Davis not out — — 1 

Extras (b 9. lb 2. vl. nb«) -16 

Total - - 305 

FALL OF WICKETS: M 9. 2-114, 3-274.4- 
220. 5-232. 6-242, 7-282. 8-287. 9-287. 

BOWLING: Robertson 16-2-66-0: String 
13-2-56-3: Dud 34.3-1 1-87-4. Visser 1 1 <£ 
66 1 ; Bnasco 3-1-1 9-1 . 

CENTRAL DISTRICTS: First innings 313 
kw 8 dec (Crowe 97. Du«7l). 

Second imwigs 

S Bnasco run out.—.. — 29 

J Smith c Zoebrar b Daws — 38 

M Crowa c Marsh b Matthews 42 

T Biam c and b Matthews 16 

DSbrtngc Ritchie b Bright. 10 

5 Robertson not out 1 

S Dud not out — 2 

Extras (b 4.8) l.w 1Jib5l IT 

Toni (for 5 wins) — — 149 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-63. 2-80. 3-126. 4- 
140. 5-146. 

BOWLING. Reid 9-2-31-0; McDermott 5. 
1-23-0: Brohl 161-461; Daws 7-1-361: 
Matthews 5-0-12-2: Ptmsps 162-0 


Simon Barnes Matthews 

Budd gives her word Winds delay leaders 

Zola Budd has written to the 
Women’s AAA saying that she 
still wishes 10 compete for 
England ai the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh this sum- 
mer and thai she will fulfil all 
the necessary requirements 10 
do so (Pai Butcher writes). 
Marea Hartman, honorary sec- 
retary of the WAAA. confirmed 
receipt of the letter yesterday. 

This means that Miss Budd. 
who is training in South Africa, 
will have to spend sufficient 
lime in England between now 

and July 12. the closing date for 
entries to the Games, to fulfil 

Light winds continued to slow 
the leading Whitbread yachts 

the stipulation or an athlete ** they closed on r *!? e 

spending six out or the previous ‘ ,n| sh of the third stage of the 
1 2 months in the country, which round-the-world race, delaying 
she wishes to represent. 

Nigel Cooper, secretary of the 
BAAB. denied rumours yes- 
terday that Steve Jones may get 
his pre-selection for the Euro- 
pean championships in Stuttgart 
this summer rescinded on ac- 
count of his competing in the 
Bosion marathon on April 21. 

their expected arrival in Punta 
del Este until tomorrow (Barry 
Pickthall writes). A tense battle 
is developing for the overall 
handicap lead. 

The crew of Ihe 63ft Dutch 
yacht Philips Innovator, who 
moved (2 hours ahead of 
L'Esprit d'Equip during the 
second stage from C ape T own to 

Auckland, are now facing a 
strong counter-challenge from 
the smaller French yacht over 
the final 700 miles to Uruguay. 
With time allowances taken into 
account, the 53fi briand skip- 
pered by Lionel Pean. is re- 
established at the head of the 
overall handicap standing. 
UBS Switzerland 284 m*»: 2. Atlantic 
Prrvatser (US) 370 mites#. Cote D'Or (Ban 
376 mites: 4. Drum |G8) 38; rrntesi, bon 
New Zealand *73 rrafgs. La udin g on 
hamficap: l. Espro Ob' equip (Fry: 2. 
Equity 6 Law (Nattifc 3. Rucanor Tnstar 
(Bet). 4, PTnOps Innovator (Moth). 




Wales Conference 

Patncfc Dnnswft 

MUM): Dontf-£aatani Open FM scorns 1. 
USl-ZTS- A Bean 71. 68. 68. 69. H Green 7 

PMadelpha fi 
Washington Cap 
New Yort Is 
PittsDorgn Pen 
New YOrtt Ran 

W L T Pts F A 
43 21 4 90 285 213 
42 19 5 89 256 220 
31 25 10 73 265 243 
31 29 7 69 269 244 
31 31 4 66 230 226 

70 6* 72 Bean wan on wav-oil 277: M 
0 MMra 70. 67. 74. 66. T Km 6B. 67. 73. 71. 
Britan score: 2SB: K Brown 6B 66. 73. 73 
PftWCEVILLE (HmraS): Women's touma- 
rrmrtt FtoeH acorn IUS unless MUMtt 276: J 
tneem 72. 64. 70 70. 277: A A Icon 70. 69. 09. 
69 279: C Johnson 69. 66. 73.70: M Bound 
67. 70. 69. 72 279: J earner 70. 70. 73. M 
2B1;BKmg 70.68. 72. 71 

New Jersey Dev* 22 41 3 47 252 30fi 
Adams League 


Nora Drvtajo 

W L T Pfs F A 
Montreal Can 36 25 6 78 289 230 

Quebec Noel 36 28 * 76 2M25J 

Buffalo Satires 32 30 6 70 257 249 

Boston Bruins 31 29 7 69286 251 

Hurtiord Waters 304 2 6*265 25 3 
Campbell Conference 

Norris Division 

Gncaqo Hawks 34 26 B 76 301 289 
Si Lous Blues 33 27 8 72267 251 
Minnesota Norm 30 28 9 68 276 263 
Toronto Maple 21 40 E IB 269 324 
DemM Red Wmgs 14 47 6 34 227 350 

Smyttoc Division 

W L T Pts F A 
Edmontcn Oilers 4fi 14 6102360 264 
Calgary Flames 33 26 8 74 291 255 
Wmrupeguets 22 41 6 50245 320 
Los Angeles Kings 20 40 7 47241 342 
Vancouver Can 18 37 10 46 227 275 


ASSOCIATION CV** Svewia round: Lftwns a, 
Core Court i. Soumgaro 3. Ow Kmgstonana 
0. Long Sutton 2_ Wimtredon 4 Thud maid: 
TKWmgion 0. Doncaster 2 iam Lewes 1. 
Exerer Urmmreity O WeaKufl 0 Wmbla-Ml t. 
Hounskw 0. ScutnqaM ?. Ortord Haunts 0. 

W L T Pts F A 
34 26 B 76 301 289 
32 27 8 72267 251 

Bee* Win am 1 BopW 2. Richmond 3 (BMY. 
Piymoutn 3. Ataaney Eoga 2. RAPC Z 
Brsnop s Storflcvo 5 Foortti round: Wuon 2. 
Bottom i Taunton VdB j. pjcJnevk 3 (anet 
mra mna Pramdi won on penarrj stroke) 


NORTH AMERICA: Nrianal League (NHLk 
Edmonton Wera 7. LOS Angete* Ruins 3, 
wasrungtwi Capitals 3. New rorv islanders t: 


Kick-off 7.30 unless stated 
FA Cup 
Sbrth round 
Liverpool v Watford 
First division 
Ipswich v Arsenal 17-45) 
QPR v Southampton 
Second (Bvision 
Carlisle v Hull (7 AS) 

Fulham v Blackburn 
Mitiwall v Wimbledon 
Sheffield United v Bradford 
Third division 
Newport v Brentford 
Wigan v Bury (7.45) 
Wolverhampton v Plymouth 
Fourth division 
Burnley v Aldershot 
Northampton v Hartlepool 
Torquay v Peterborough 
Wrexham v Rochdale 

enharrr. Stafford v Attnncnam. Bob Lent 
Trophy: Semi-final replay; Stafford v 

Third round: Macclesfield v Workington 

Multipart, league: Posttwned; 

Suwon v Oswestry; Cfwrtey v Caernarfon. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier division: 
Basmgsioka v Gosport Sedwonh v RS 
Southampton; Wmwy v Cnefmsiwd Post- 
poned Aylesbury v Fisher. 818 Detour 
Srav-fimt, first leg; Bmmgrevv * 


Bath’s luck is unchanged as 

they are drawn away again 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Bath, the John Player Special thing all ihe West Country is for 
Cup holders, must travel yet hoping for. pun. 

again in this season's semi-final Several dubs will howto 

round but they do not yet know dispute ihau not least the Soot- lips. france. 

where. Their opponents, drawn tisfa. who wi« be JgWj? SiS 

vwvavi«-h i mi a vpvunvu», wi*"** ---- — - -yv 

yesterday by Alan GrimsdelL, reverse a 37-13 drubbing sttf- 
the Rugby Football Union's rained against Gloucester in- 

senior vice-president, will be 
either Harlequins or Leicester, 
who play their delayed quarter- 
final at ihe Sioop Memorial 
Ground on Saturday week. 

The other semi-final is even 
more confused: Nottingham. 
Wasps or Blackheath will play 
the winners of ihe quarter-final 
between London Scottish and 
Gloucester, also due on Sat- 
urday week. The fourth round 
lie between Blackheath and 
Wasps will not be staged until 
Saturday week and the sub- 
sequent quarter-final against 
Notiingham wju be played over 
the Easier holiday period, prob- 
ably on March 29. 

Bath have been away in their 
three cup games this season, at 
Orrell. Moseley and London 
Welsh, before becoming the first 
semi- finalists to be known. Last 
season, before their successful 
defence against the Welsh at 
Twickenham, they were away at 
Sale and Gloucester. “It would 
have been nice to be at home for 

January, and Leicester, who 
conceded 40 points to Bath on 
their own ground in September 

The demands of the cup have 
had their effect upon the selec- 
tion of the London team which 
will play Paris in the annual 
encounter at the Jean Bourn 
Stadium in Paris this Saturday. 
Cooke, the Harlequins flanker, 
would normally lead London 
but Harlequins will be making 
final dispositions for the match 
against Leicester and the po- 
sition remains open. 

It is hoped drat the two cities 
match will now be played each 
year on the morning of the 
international between England 
and France. Wasps dominate 
London's selection since their 
scheduled opponents this week 
are US Portsmouth but it is nice 
to see that ChevaL the Askeans 
No 8. finds a place as his reward 
for some excellent displays for 
Kent, the county finalists this 

The semi-finals Of the 

» (Toulon). ME 6«tra*(Wme 
* McKrt-de-Marswfl, R M 
P Lsgtwywt (Bayonra), 

have been nice to be at home for The semi-finals Of i he 

a change."CJive Howard, the Schweppes Welsh G up, w hich ^ p^is, wasps iris 

Bath secretary, said yesterday, arc also on Saturday week, will N straw*; 3 t SwjS Twjw 
mindful also no doubt or missed be played at St Helen ^Swansea 

bar takings in the recent bad (Cardiff v Bn dgend) and Cardiff J i i 

weather. “But at least it still (Aberavon v Newport}, Pfayars ’ Khmk O 

opens the wav for a Gloucester- from the four elute have been {Bteckhawi). a n o*«. i 
B ath cup final which is some- omitted from the Welsh squad (Askeans). 

Late tests for Keyes and Kiernan 

A decision on the fitness of 
Keyes, the Ireland stand-off 
half, and Kiernan. the centre, for 
the game against Scotland on 
Saturday at Lansdowne Road 
may not be taken until the Irish 
training session in Dublin on 
Thursday. Both will be exam- 
ined in Cork tomorrow, but 
unless the diagnosis proves 
conclusive the players will be 
asked to travel - to Dublin on 
Thursday morning 

Keyes has a 50-50 chance of 
recovering from a hamstring 
twinge. Kiernan is more doubt- 
ful with a groin strain. 

Jim Donaldson, the chairman 
of selectors, said:" Both John 

By George Ace 

Hewitt and the Ulster out-half. 
Ian Brown, will join the squad in 
Dublin on Thursday morning. If 
Keyes is unfit Brown will be on 
the bench as a replacement tor 
Tony Ward, and Hewin will 
lake" over in the centre from 

Keyes gained his first cap. 
against England at Twick- 
enham. and made a satisfactory 
debut but to the majority of 
Irish supporters, the selectors 
apart. Ward is still something 
special. While Keyes would be 
decidedly unlucky if he has to 
withdraw, optimism will in- 
crease if Ward appears after an 
absence of two years. 


Call for Downey’s dismissal 

By Richard Eaton 

Tenleading players have 
asked for the removal of Jake 
Downey as England manager in 
a letter to the chairman of the 
Badminton Association. Gra- 
ham Axford. They hope to 
collect more signatures during 
the All-England championships 
at Wembley this week. 

people close to the game, al- 
though Mr Downey, who has 
been in office for less than six 
months, said in a BBC radio 
interview two days ago that his 
relationship with players was 

assigned to deyelop the coach- 
ing side of English badminton, 
in which field he has a fang 
history of endeavour and enthu- 
siasm. Meanwhile it will be 

necessary to appoint a tem- 
porary manager fbr forthcoming 

excellent porary manager mr forthcoming 

In their letter the players say: . evenrawhpsfiould be acceptable 
“We believe that Mr Jake to die. majority of squad 

So far the names include Nora 
Perry and Martin Dew, leading 
doubles players whom Mr Dow- 
ney decided not to select for the 
Thomas Uber world team 

“We believe that Mr Jake 
Downey should be removed 
from the position of England 
team manager. There is at 
present a growing undercurrent 
of discontent ' and frustration 


championships because they 
were not available to travel with 

among many of England's top 
players to the extent that Mir 

the team; Helen Troke. the 
European champion, who is 
angry because she has not been 
selected for doubles in Sweden 
next month: and Steve Baddeley 
and Nick Yates, the top men’s 
singles players. 

This step, which recalls an 
occasion in 1978 when players 
pressed to have Judy Hashman 
removed from the same role, 
will come as a surprise to few 

players to the extent that Mr 
Downey no longer carries their 
support or confidence. 

“There is a great concern that 
the relationships between the 
Badminton Association of En- 
gland and foreign associations 
are deteriorating rapidly; mean- 
while members of the bad- 
minton Press are disillusioned 
by a lack of co-opera Li on. 

“It is therefore suggested that 
Mr Downey should be rc- 

Whether or not this happens 
is in the melting pot. Several 
players, including Darren Hall-: 
and Steve Butler, who featured:! 
in a superb national final: last ! 
month, have hot signed; and the 
Badminton Association haye 
hardly had time to gather their i 
thoughts and offer an answer. 

The irony is that Mr Downey, 
whatever his shortcomings m 
public relations, is probably the 
most talented man available to 
perform one of the game's most 
urgent tasks - the overhaul ofthe 
coaching structure that has long 
been needed. 





Big two steer clear 
of one another 

Marseille. (AP) — Frank Wil- 
liams. the Grand Prix team 
owner, was moved out of inten- 
sive care at the Timone hospital 
yesterday and his life is no 
longer in danger, but his legs 
remain paralysed, a hospital 
communique said. 

The communique said 
Williams' condition was “sta- 
tionary. thus allowing him to be 
moved out of intensive care to 
the neurosurgical department.” 

Williams suffered a broken 
spine and damage to two cer- 
vical vetebraeon Saturday when 
he crashed in his rental car on 
the road from Toulon to the Le 
Castefiet track in southern 
France where his team was 

By Keith Macklin 

The mouth-watering prospect of Oldham have never been to 

a Cup winners v Champions 
ChallengeCup final at Wembley 
on May 3 was set up yesterday 
when Wigan and Hull Kingston 
Rovers were given home draws 
in this weekend's quarter-finals 
of the Silk Cut Challenge Cup: 
No doubt Leigh, the second 
division pacemakers, -and 
Castle ford will have other ideas, 
but such are the current power 
and confidence of; the two top 
sides that semi-final places seem 


CU» MATCHES: Leicester v Lough- 
borough Cottages (7.15): Maesteg v Neath 
(7.0): Penarth v Newport (7.0). 

Other dubs who will dispute 
the right of Wigan; the holders, 
and Rovers to another Wembley 
appearance are Widnes. Leeds 
and Oldham. Widnes and Leeds 
will be sick and tired of each 
other after next weekend, for 
their tie at Naughion Park will 
be the third consecutive match 
between the two sides. During 
the last two weeks they have met 
in championship games, each 
team winning its home match. 

Wigan will be confident of 
beating Leigh, having comfort- 
ably vanquished them in the 
Lancashire Cup final earlier this 
season. However, Leigh have 
some outstanding individuals, 
and the league’s leading try and 
goal scorers in Henderson and 


BADMINTON: Yqncw Ait- England Open 
Chatnpmstaps: QuaHytng round (at Wat- 

RACKETS; Cetestfon Brtttsh Open 
Quean's CkA West Kensington). 

Sotunny Marais i 



pitfsaaonu Fiye*s <. pmw York Rjngere i. 
Wrfxneg J*ti 5. PiWtxrgtt Penrajns 3, 
Orago Black Hawks i. St Lous Blues 2: 
CaiflHnr Hamas 3. Datrwt Red Wngs 3 (after 
artra tmtel, Buffalo Snores a. New Jbimv 
D enis 3 

CARDIFF: Women’s mate* Wa W 5. BntiM 
Umrersioes SoOrtS Federation 4 
MERTON: nimm! school* champurahips 
Seniors: Parker Satwer: Ouemn Margarets 
iron I 4. Mce Oltwv iWorcestflrJ 0. 
Hfloerossneif s (Monmouttii 1. B«r«umswJ 
7 Finel: Queen Margarets !>£»> 5. 


HARROW: British UOMneles Sports FMM- 
■nonctanNNomntps-FkrebCaMmMu I (RC 

■non dmaaioimntpK CaMmoga I ( R C 

Tyter. P A Maantortei N Camonage N fT G 
Thuflinam.J Pinner) 12-7. 12-7 14.12 

Beriknamsted i Jumore: Dodd Cup Semt 
fmem. Benenoon4 Ben namsrofl 2. GmUtord 
HrjnScnooi3 DunoOTi Fmofc Benenoen 7. 
Giridtond Hqh School 1. 



LAS VEOA&- World Boang AMOOMten 

imtWleweiont c t iOT i p on a wp (12 meal R 
Ser? nt J Conns inoteer). rsc IB nw 

HAMPTON lUSl UgtttweigM (10 rndst P 
vvnuaker or J Monies ms 

QUEEN'S CUB: Ceteetton LowteMttore 
Open angles mtaruproramp quoMlera; 0 C 
Johnson lOuoena) M R ToNlwd ( Mn Nemi 

15- 8 15-9. 15-2. fl WW<eV(«»«MrourBi|mT 
Whetter iCkfton) 15-7. 15-9. 15-5. MNP 
Mocwmge tn a Mawnon 15*9. iM. i5-ft T 
M Brudene* bt D V Watkme 15-10. 15-10. 15- 
7. p Brahe (Having te-l W C Way 15-1 1. 15-7, 
11-15, 15-10; J Fenetey wje J HutfteS: N A R 
Cnpos (Eton) m C worboge 15-4. 15-12. 15-4. 
N Brooks m w Srerowa 1S-12. tl-15. 1W. 

16- 15 

Northern Section 
Mansfield v Notts County 
Bolton v Trantnere 

Southern section 
Swindon v Hereford 

SCOTTISH LEAGUE: Find (fivtetoo: Mon- 
trose v Falkirk. Second division: Ranh v 

WELSH FA CUP; Onrtar-finefc Cardiff v 

CENTRAL League: Ftratdhrtstorc Leeds 
v Manchester City (7.0). Postpone# 
SinjHwtd Wednesday v Huddarefiett 
Wigan v Evsnon. Second ifosien: 
Gransby v Doncaster Notts County v 
Coventry (7.0): Preston v Stoke (2.0); 
Sunderland v York. 

Palace v Bristol Rovers fat Leattwrrwad); 
Ipswich y ReadAg: Swansea v Swindon; 
Tottenham Hotspur v Swindon. Post- 
poned; Queen’s Park Rangers v unon. 
SOLA LEAGUE? Tetfbrd v KxMWminsw; 
Wycombe v weatdstone. Postponed: 
Enfield v Weatdstone; Wycombe v Dag- 

x Arsenal v West Hsm 

2 Btrmngnm t Tottenham 
X Covemry v SheHW 
1 Luton v Oxford 
X Man Cv Watford 
1 Newcastle v tpswwi 

1 Nonm F v A wtta 

2 QPR v Man U 

X Sown w Liverpool 
x WBA v Leeesmr 
Not on coupons Ewron 
v Chelsea (Sunday). 

1 Barnsley v Bradford 

2 BtacWwm v MOwal 
1 Brighton v Stoke 

1 Chariton v Portsmth 

2 Fulham v Wimbledon 

1 Hudoerefld v Shrewsbry 
1 Hut) « Sunderland 
X MKJdtesbro v Leads 
t Norwich vCarfiste 
1 0ldham vC Pataca 
1 Shed Uv Grimsby 

2 Blackpool v Wigan 
1 BnStOI Cv NOUS Co 

1 Bury v Boumemtti 

2 Cardiff v Girngham 

1 Party v OB rfngmn 
i Plymouth v musafl 

1 Readme v Newport 
1 Rotherham v Bristol R 
1 York v ChestarftJ 
Nor on coupo ns: Brent- 
ford v Bolton (Friday): 
Doncaster v Wotas: Urv 
coin v Swansea (Sunday) 
1 Camb U v Scunthorpe 
1 Chester v Preston 
X Crewe v Rochdale 
1 Nthampton v Pmorboro 
1 0rient v Exeter 
1 Pbn Vate v Tranmera 
1 Southend * Aldershot 
1 Swindon v Burnley 
X Torquay v Hereford 
Net to Htfoonst Cd- 

1 Matlock v Mosstey 
t Morecsmbe v Wttton 
1 Southport v Burton 
1 workgtn vSUverpT 
XCeWcv Dundee U 
X dyaebnk v HKwmtan 
X Dundee v Rangers 

1 Hearts vMotmnmfi 

2 St Mirren v Aberdeen 

1 Dumbarton v Clyde 

The rank outsiders, second 
division Brantley, will travel to 
Oldham if they succeed in 
beating Bradford Northern in a 
replay on their own ground. 
Bram fey’s 20-20 draw at Brad- 
ford was the outstanding perfor- 
mance of the second round, 
particularly since they had a 
man sent off in the 4)» minute. 

Castieford found their, best, 
cup form after weeks of poor 
league performances at Borrow, 
but they cannot relish the trip to 
Craven Park to play Hull Kings- 
ton Rovers. 

DRAW; Okftam v Bradford Northern or 

ptayad on Sunday. 


Oxford lose their Head 


1 E File v Ayr 
TFaJMrk vAMrie 

1 Forfar v Montrose 
1 Hamilton v Brechin 

1 KKmsmock v ABoa 

2 ParBck v Morton 

Not m caupona: ABXon v 
Stenhousoruar. Arbroath 
v Ram: Cowdenbeath v 
Mgadowbank v Queen's 
Park; Queen of the South 
v Berwick: St Johnstone v 
E*st Stirling; String » 

Chester y Mansfield (Fri- 
day); Halifax y Wrexham 

(Friday); Hartlepool 
Stockport (Friday). 

TREBLE CHANCE (home teams): Arsenal, 
Coventry. MantoestwCttv. Southampton. 
WBA. NBddtesbKwgh. Crewe. Torquay. 
Came. Cfydeoar*. Dundee Next best: 
Nomitoam Forest 

BEST DRAWS: Arsenal, Southampton. 
WBA. Crewe. Dundee. 

AWAY& MKwaa. Wfmbteflon. Wtaan. 
GtHngham. Aberdeen. 

HOMES: Luton. Nonrtch. Sheffield United, I 

Demy. Reeding, Chester, Orient More-- 
cstnbe. Heats. Dunbarton, Hamilton. 

FIXES OOD8: Homo* Luain. Norwich. 
Derby. Cheater, Hearts. Amc MOwai, 
Wigan, GWfXrhem. Draws. AnanaL 
Southampton. WBA 

With three weeks to go before 
the Boat Race on March 29, 
Oxford University lost their 
Reading Head ofthe River title 
by nine seconds to London 
University on Saturday (Jim 
Railion writes). The university 
had made big positional changes 
in their crew last week, and 
brought in Graham Jones, the 
Australian international, for the 
fourth year running. 

Oxford have a hard week 
ahead of them under Sieve 
Royle, iheir coach, at 
Pangboume before being 
handed over next week to 
Daniel Topdski; the Tideway 
genius. The Iasi two weeks 
should be hill of interest, with 
no doubt a little gamesmanship 

Bruce Philp. the Oxford presir 

deni, seems unperturbed by the 
Reading result. “Reading was 
not a ted row considering the 
changes and Graham Jones’s 
confirmed selection only Iasi 
Thursday night. We are not used 
to . racing at the high raie 
demanded on Saturday. The 
.boat felt powerful but under- 
standably a bit rough at. the 
cdges".If. however. Phi Ip and his 
crew wish to make ii ji 
successive, wins in the Boat 
Race, they will have to be 
conditioned to whatever rale is 
necessary . 

Cambridge went down to the 
Tideway and met skilful ad- 
versaries itf the British light- 
weight eighl. Tn.a series of rows, 
they and the lightweights ap- 
peared to be more or less-even,. « 

Sports 1 


tUl uifo ■ — r_ 

tournament in Sydney that 
weekend, in which Kevin Phil- 
lips. Neath's second suing 
hooker, finds a place. Frano^ 
too, -have named a squad of 13 
which will .be reduced by wo 
later this week- The French have 
more serious things on their 
minds first: they have named an 
unchanged ream in play En- 

g md at Pare des Princes on 
turday. a match in which they 
hope to mate sure of a s hare of 
ihe five-nations’ championship- 

A sharp 
word in 
the ear of 

They cave Da*»d Sharpe tie 
man ef ite reafi* at 
Cosforrf for h& tictwy fa ihr 

FRA*«E (v EngtanCK S BIwewWfTto* | 

j-BUfotofRaclngCtob ). , 
D Ctowra* (ToutowjL EPora rayi (T«*- 

tousek 0 taparfo (Gratort. F BwfiWw 
P MmccD (MantlWTBnd), D 
Mssobffl (Agait. citato). J-P Gantet 

td States- Tb«»sh«» +&* 
been grring ran a 
friendly wnin» or it least 
Jimmy Hedley, .J*' «»** 
should have tone, ■ i. 

wa»r"tevfeNS SOUAEfc B 'taj 

(Soutfi Watas Poficel J Dnranptt 
Glamorgan Institnta). M Dscay f&ssm-- 
saat. JtteWto (NftattU. H^tonto (Swan- 

WohKtwA IMontJenaotfl. M Antow. 

LONDON: (v PW»s. Wa*ps unlass sUMft 
N SnfoOto 3 T Swtltti. R Lo owrtt j. 
CokHI (SttUitotfi). M SlltoK S S ratoi 
{ftenmond). S Bates; P CM s nh a fr 
(BteCkfitotRi. A SSnmons. •> Prebys. K 
Moss, C Ptnnsgsr, O _ Horsey 

Sharpe is a aptewdM new- 
comer to the artenurtMnai ■ 
scene. His lime of 2mfa 
20-36$ec is less ttea ;tw*' 
second sotrtside Sebastian 
Coe's world indoor, best doe. . 
He wiD be challenging selec- 
tion in the 899 metres fa Ifce V 
Common w ealth and Earepeltt " 
meetings. Yet his desperate _- 
inage to get bis chest in bunt 
rfRay Brown, of the US, ; 
tbriffing as it was for , the - 
crowd, was the cnlminatkHt of 
tactics that were unwise sod 
risky, if not foolish. It wfB 
have , told Sharpe tittle ahoqt 
hisracregabaity otherthairto ■ 
confirm Us overall potential/: _ 

Mom, C Ptnnqgttr, O Horsey 
(Btackfieatti). A N Other. R Chevat 

More attention, not surpris- 
ingly after Twickenham, was 
paid to ihe scrummage at 
Sunday's stint. , and it is almost 
certain that facet of. the game 
will again be one -of Mick 
Doyle's priorities in the team's^ 
final workout. 

For mock of the raee/he 
loped along at ffaebkfc, which, 
was the position fat wiuch he/ 
became ost of touch xsd [ 
eliminated to his beat to the 
Enrppeaa- iadonr champieB? 
ships- ^He was not helping to 
shape the race, was not closely 
to tooch wkh anyone whb ■- 
might hare made a sodden, 
surge and was therefore nut- 
wbotly to command of fa 
expcfancyofhisoiniefiHt^. ' 

Hewin won his two caps 
against South Africa in 1981 asa 
replacement and has been un- 
fortunate with injuries since 
then. He was an ongmal choice 
for the 1984 game, against 
Australia, but had to withdraw 
owing to injury. He did. how- 
ever, play against Fiji ai the start 
of this season. 

He would not totve-WM had 
not Brown contained to fade 
afar Sharpe’s tote, accdera- 
tion from the back frad spent 
itself. Hanging off the back of 
the field b not mtelfigent, bat 
lazy. If not leaving him valnerr 
able; as was imarievaWy dera- 
onstrated to Coe in Moscow. 
Sharpe, who has a fine fatnre, 
needs to g« more - from hb 
races than pleasing the crowd. 

Coe is clewing in 
on the 5,000m^ 

-It b three years since Coe 
last ran a personal best . 
indoors or outdoors, with that 
1.000 world best in Oslo, so it 
was satisfying for him. to hisl, 
thirtieth year, to prodnee an- 
other to Saturday's^ 3,000- 
Thereto Iks the making of a . 
possible problem, though net 
one at which he will comphitt : 

Coe rece&Iy admitted, to a 
university tec fae^that fear of 
defeat is for tom a -stronger 
motive force than desire tor 
victory. Six years on, Moscow 
still rankles, as does defeat to 
Athens two years later. This is 
part, ax least subconsciously, 
of his incentive for possibly 
going for the two-top medal in . 
Stuttgart this year, Coe haring 
admitted to' Ovett to Los 
Angeles that “we’re getting too 
old for this!” • 

His winning time of 7mfo 
54J2sec, achieved after burst- 
ing past Dave Lewis on the 
last lap, did two things for 
him. “It confirmed that ( can 
mix it with the long-distance 
guys and still retain my two or 
four-lap finishing speed," he 
said. “The 5,0(ES is now not 
that for away." 

Wembley, but the. players and 
directors whooped with joy 
yesterday when they heard the 
draw on breakfast television. 
Their home game against a 
struggling first division dub. 
Northern, or the second di- 
vision dub Bram ley. gives them 
a golden opportunity to reaef? 
the semi-finals after many jcd»i 
. in the cup wilderness. They 
earned their luck by a splendid 
performance on Sunday, in 
which their pack took on and 
mastered a fierce onslaught 
from the ruthless Warrington 

If the trainfog goes satisfac- 
torily over the next three . 
mouths he might just .possibly; 
he concedes, consider the 
5,000 for Stuttgart, though he 
knows there is a substantial . 
difference between a stogie 
race to, say, Oslo, and three- 
back-to-back in a . champion- 
ship. And that elusive mis- 
tress, tb? BOA, still tauntingly 

Howell makes his 
Olympic peace- V; 

Denis Howell has returned, 
from the meeting. of summer 
sports federations in Some, 
haring made - his peace with . 
Horst Dassler. after the criti- 
cism of Adidas in the CCPR 
inquiry into sponsorship . -- 
which is important for 
Birmingham's Olympic bid. . 
because ofthe influence whkfc 
Dassler carries. Howell told 
J 1 ® -fad no specific- 
objection to Adidas, who may 
well be without rftaL hut; fat 
marketiog contracts should 
always be open to tender.. 



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Howell has poiuted out fo J 
Dassler, and • -to- Juan 
Samaranch, that the half- 
Adidas owned ISL's market- 
iag contract on behalf of all 
*afa»al Olympic committees^ 
which expires after Seoto, wifi 
leave a gap of more than a year 
before die IOC can agree to a 
new world-wide deal^.dantig 
which time the successful city 
will itself be oldjged to be 
making financial - commit- 

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Brhbade^ candidacy, inci- 
dent ally, was thrown toto con* 
.fawn when Fritz Wtomer, 
8«*«al secretary ofthe toter- 
*?tional Equestrian Federar 

tora, stated , in JKome-tbat 

cum ^ Austr alian quaias^e'. 
reptotiqns made fair own 
attendance impotoibte. .The; 
is narrowing. - 





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Palmer on 
his way 
after poor 

By Nicholas Harting 

Bauny Palmer, the coach who 
took Portsmouth to the.threds- 
old of three trophies in bis fixst 
season but failed to win any. of 
them, . has resigned. Palmer's 
decision came in the aftermath 
of Portsmouth's $5-90 home 
Friday’s decisiye Carlsberg Na- 
tional Championship quaner- 
_fi^ptey*ff; which left the dub_ 
without ineobiqf place at the 
.finals the weekend after next. 

Alan Cunningham, the 
American player dispensed with 
by Palmer earlier in the wa go n 
because he had more than his 
quota of Americans, over’! 
temporarily. : 

Portsmouth’s failure to qnal- 1 
ify meant no vindication for the 
huge outlay by the dub’s chair- 
man, John Deacon, on what 
amounted to an entirely new 
team purchased in the close 
season. It was after Deacon- had 
bought up the franchise of 
Telford and moved the Mid- 
lands dub to the south coast 
following liquidation that . io 
new players arrived with the 
best contracts in the country. 

Undo- Palmer; who had, 
according to huh, “unquestion- 
ably the best coaching job in 
Great Rimin’’, the team td- 
. innately proved that there was 
truth in the maxim that money 
does not necessarily buy suc- 

The team flourished at first, 
remaining unbeaten for the first 
three months of the season, but 
defeat in the Prudential Na- 
tional Cup semi- final against 
Team Pofycdl Kingston was 
followed by six league reverses 
and. a . deterioration in the 
relationship between Palmer 
and his players, most noticeably 
his star import Cohn Irish, who 
had his < own strong feelings 
about bow be wanted to play. 

The former coach of Crystal 
Palace (who reached the Euro- 
pean Cup quarter-finals under 
him). Painter, aged 36. from 
Detroit, is uncertain whether he 
wOl stay in coaching, allbough 
he does know be wants to move 
back to London. 

“I haven’t been a happy man 
in the past few months.” he 
admitted. *Tm very sad I wasn’t 
able to do a better job 

“I let mysdfdowiL I didn’t do 
as wdl as I could have' done. 
Maybe 2 was too friendly with 
some of the players and that 
afTected my judgement at tunes. 
But 1 was not happy with the 
Mend of older and youn^r 
players; they didn’t mix as well 
as 1 hoped they would.'* 

Portsmouth probably contrib- 
uted to their own failure by 
announcing both at 
Wednesday’s second - leg with 
Birmingham and at die decisiye 
third leg that Wembley tickets 
wereon sale for titer supporters. 

Birmingham, who. began 
Wednesday’s game by leaping to 
a 17-0 lead, left their, scoring 
blitz until the second half of 
Friday’s game. lt was then that 
they sank !3 points without 
reply, with Hays (28 points). 
Shoulders (26) and Donaldson 
(20) prominent, to leave Ports- 
mouth — and Palmer— chasing 
a lost cause. ■ 


A stinging 

by Wasps 

.ByaOmespoodent . 

Durham Wasps took another 
step towards a second Hemeken 
British League tide with two 
comfortable weekend victories. 
Their nearest rivals, Dundee 
Rochets, are seven paints be- 
hind and although the Scottish 
club have three games in hand, 
Durham appear to have an 
caster task in the home straight. 

Durham's 1 1-4 victory 
marked Ayr Brains’ first home 
defeat in 23 League games. In 
January, Ayr had ended 
Durham’s unbeaten h ome se - 
quence of 37 games. The tu rnin g 
point in Sunday’s game came 
just after half way, when, with 
the score tied at 4-4. goalie 
Frank Killen saved Don 
Gibson's penally shot Eighteen 
seconds later, Mike O’Connor 
scored what proved to be 
Durham's winning goal. 

Dundee Rackets appeared ro 
be in a hopeless position when 
they fefl six goals behind at 
home to MnrrayfiekL At that 
point, however, Gany linger 
took a hand. His eight goals 

winner of the Waterford Crys- 
tal Oiampion Hunfle at Chd- 
1 01 h am .12 months ago, is 
napped to retain his title there 
today. Although some will 



You Then to prove true champion 1 a tSm a 

nut of the 

• • xminnaa vwmn, "MV -vu . ... ' . vUw vA ft- A ■V’ 


r By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

tocimpresrfve- Corporal Ginger, who won 


his first two races of the season 
at Cheltenham before being 
beaten by Stans Pride in his 
third, should - be the main 
threat to See You Then if his 

#• j T . —17^ WOl UUMil fcu VJM»;1UU IUVU u UiO 

nna ins current cramped odds trainer, Martin Pipe, is right in 
u nappfahng in ; such a big his assertion- that he did not 

4 va 1A 4L. XL . • » • - a. • . k — . 

field, the fat* is that he does 'show his true form last time 
a W® ar - bead and shoulders ouL ; Whatever- the cueuin- 
above fire rest. Nkky Hendcr- stances, Corporal Ginger was 
sun, the trainer, mafntaint ■ ctjn fir from disgraced 'that 
You. Then was given day because he was attempting 
tnsufficiem credit last year to give 91b to the mare who 
anal know that he has set his was third in the Champion 
heart on nuking his detractors last year. Now he will be 
P^- meeting her on 4b better 

_ Those who harboured 1 toms and by all Rcnomug he 
ctoubts- surely had . cause to too is on 'seme, 
think again earlier this year Earlier in the season Corpo- 
wfien See You Then made his ral Qinger had easily dfc prwri 

cat humble pie. 

Those who harboured 

hefated seasonal <febut at 
Sandown. I was struck by the 
eager way that he raced «r*d 
jumped at the tiroeand even 
mane impressed after I had 
played the film of the race 
th rough again. To me it was a 
performance which had the 
hallm ark of. excellence 
stamped aJ] over it. Prom that 
moment I had no intention of 
looking elsewhere for the win- 
ner this afternoon. : 

Because of the freeze-up we 
have been unable to appraise 
the opposition, with the ex- 

of the likes of last' year’s 
Triumph Hurdle winner, first 
Bout, Kesshn and Gaye Brief 
The latter who was champion 
in 1983, has a point to prove 
in the opinion of his trainer, 
Mercy Riroefl, who refutes the 
suggestion that there is any- 
thing wrong with her horses 
mentality or courage. Be that 
as it may, Gaye Brin still does 
not look the force he was. At 
Kempton on Boxing Day, for 
instaoce, he was beaten by the 
time he fen at the last 
True to modern tradition. 

ception of Kesdin, who won. the Festival will start with the 
in Ireland and was then Waterford Crystal Supreme 

disqualified. Admirable horse 
though Nicky Vigors’s six- 
year-old is, the feet remains he 
was beaten by both Corporal 
Ginger and Aonocb at Q*el- 
tenham and Kempton earlier 
in the season and I still regard 
See You Then as the more 
likely to bring the hurdler’s 
crown bade to Lamboom 

Novices’ Hurdle, a race that 
the Irish tend to make a meal 
a£ Eight times in the last 1 1 
years the winner has been 
trained in the Emerald Isle 
and with Saturday’s Chepstow 
winner, Canute Express, Deep 
Idol, Knockelly Castle, 
Weather The Storm and Shan- 
non Spray all standing their 

: . 

... rrfJti 

, .. .. ~ • ,-v. 

crown bade to Lamboom non Spray all standing their 
again, i ground they certainly have a 

The np to date news of See lot going for diem again. 

Yon Tnen is yery .encatirag- In - selecting Knockelly Cas- 
ing. Henderson waited until tie l am acutely aware that I 
Sunday to make sure that all am flying in the fee* of what 

See Yon Then on his way to a devastating victory in last year’s Champion Hurdle 

the frost had come out of the 
pound before giving him his 
first bit of fast -work on grass 
for four weeks. Apparently he 
went like a bomb with Fust 
Boot, his other-runner in die 
field. So in my opinion the 
stags looks set for a repeat of 
last year when he left Robin 
Wonder, Stans Pride mid 
Gaye Brief trailing in his wake 
coining up The hiD. -r ’ ’ 

the form book says because he 
was beaten by both Deep Idol 
and Shannon Spray at Thuries 
last month. However, Irish 
opinion which I value tells me 
that Knockelly Castle did not 
run up to his best that day and 
that we should be prepared for 
a better- performance this 
timp- In which case he will be 
hard to beat because he was a 
convincing winner rif his pro- ; 

vious race at Leopardstown. 

Jasper, Oppidan and Yabis 
look the pick of our defence. 
Inexperience is all against 
Jasper, no matter bow good a 
bone he was on the Flat three 
years ago, but the same criti- 
cism cannot be levelled at 
Yabis, whose consistent 
record speaks for itself 

After spending the weekend 
deliberating whether to go for 
this race or wait for 
tomorrow’s Sun Alliance 
Novices’ Hurdle, Josh Gifford 
finally decidedto drop Mr Jim 

Joel's nice horse in at the deep 
end. Time alone will tell 
whether he is right While 
admitting to be one of Mid- 
night Count’s greatest admir- 
ers, I cannot help but wonder 
whether he will manage to 
give 51b to those two good 
mares, Ravaro and Sheer 

While the Irish wifi be 
rooting for Ravaro, who won 
their Ccsarewitch last autumn 
prior to beating The Illiad 
over hurdles at Fairyhouse, I 
wiD be ‘ shouting for Sheer 

Televised: 2.15, 2.50, 320(BBC2)d5 


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« See Yoo Dn 8-1 Corpcnl CSnger, 11-1 KwsSo. 16-1 Herttwt (Med. IB-1 Gave 

Brtefc Aonocb, 20-1 first Bout 25-1 Aw. NoMmdim, Hum bwU dn L tOf, 38-1 Southerner, 
Mdeeux Boy. Sen's ftlda Rt Non. 40-1 otners 

Gold, who impressed me enor- 
mously when winning at 
Haydock in January. For her 
no distance is loo far. 

Earlier I hope to see Berlin 
remain unbeaten over fences 
by winning the Aride Chal- 
lenge Trophy. Nick Gase lee’s 
seven-year-old, who runs best 
when fresh, looked a picture of 
health and fitness when I saw 
him out at exercise recently. 
Music Be Magic, from Gor- 
don Richards’s in-form stable, 
could be more of a threat than 
Desert Orchid, who has never 

Ayr results 

Doughty, 25-1 k 2. Rscocd Kmmt ( J J 
OnSliI-10 Pavn a iMtUm (M HB, 12- 
1). ALSO RAN: 4-1 I Csstagno 4th. 6-1 
Caro's Gift UR, 14-1 Hotxxmos, 25-1 
Paddy Hayion Oh. Svpal F. ATOoon 
Prmca, Bamaa Star, Favour-BjrFdrtune 
5th. Hen Rouga, Deep Auburn. 66-1 
Aahbender. Mdn. JumbeHina. RNar 

found Cheltenham a happy 
hunting ground. 

Glyde Court will be at- 
tempting to win the Kim Muir 
Challenge Cup for the second 
lime in as many years, but as 
Fred Winter’s horses may 
need a race after their enforced 
lay-off — they were 
innoculated after a virus had 
played havoc with the stable 
during the winter - I prefer 
Broomy Bank, the winner of 
the race two years ago. I am 
led to believe that Broomy 
Bank looks a picture 

Fare dealt Paul Barton a cruel 
-blow on Saturday and the 32- 
year-old jockey wilt miss the 
Cheltenham Festival for the first 
time in his career. Barton’s 
mount, Angel Bank, fell at the 
sixth fence in the Beech Open 

Novices* Chase at Sandown 
Park, but he escaped injury, 
only to be trodden on by 
another of the runners. 

Initially, he thought his leg 
was only bruised, but on Sun- 
day. he experienced pain, and 
yesterday morning that pain 
became intense. Following X- 
ray examination Barton was 
found to have a tiny crack in one 
of the bones in his leg. 

"I will not have to have my 
leg in plaster, but must return to 
hospital this evening to have the 
leg strapped up.” Barton said. “I 
am bitterly disappointed at 
missing the’Festivai, but hope to 
be back in 1 0 days”. 

Yabis: Paul Barton’s strongly- 
fended mount in the opening 
race of the three-day meeting, 
the Waterford Crystal Supreme 
Novices' Hurdle, will now be 
ridden by Peter Scudamore. 

• Angel Cordero Jun. who 
was trampled by a horse after his 
mount fell during a race at 
Aqueduct on Saturday, has 
undergone surgery for a lac- 
erated liver. A New York 
University Medical Centre 
spokeswoman said that 
Cordero, for many years one of 
America's leading jockeys, was 
in a serious but stable condition. 

Cordero’s mount. High- 
falutin. fell rounding the club- 
house turn during the first race. 
After a few horses avoided 
Cordero. Nolle Pros stepped on 
the Puerto Rican jockey. 

“He’ll be in a surgical imen- ' 
sive care unit for the next three 
days, which is standard.” the 
hospital spokeswoman said. 

14 in Gold Cup 

There were 14 four-day 
declarations for the Tote 
Cheltenham Gold Cup. They 
are: Castle Andrea (-), Combs 
Ditch (C Brown), Contradeal (S 
Shilston), Cybrandian (A 
Brown), Earls Brig (P Tuck), 
Forgive ’n’ Forget (M Dwyer), 
Observe {-), Rainbow Warrior f- 
), Rigbthand Man (-), Run And 
Skip (S Smith Eocles), Von ; 
Trappe (R Dunwoody). Way- 
ward Lad (G Bradley), You're 
Welcome (R Rowe). Dawn Run 
(J J O’Neill). 



2JJ YARH SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£755 :2m) (21 runners) 

1F4239 KMDRB>(C4Q(DC 

112 M* 
118 81*1 
TU 342231 

117 822 m 

118 11* 

N Madden 


01B ■e = t8TYRULK(D) (MnaMUoodt LfcJJS Malar 

S-1T-8G OMes Janas 


2JB (2m 4f CM 1. POLABS tADDfiE {B 

ALSO RAN: 4-1 Stashar U-R3-2 Our 
Ooud 4tlk 11-2 Shmay Son P.U. 12-1 
Saint-Mum 5th. Lady Lawyer P-U 8 ran . 
8L 26L 21. dtaL R Gotta M Wbnarmxk. 
Tctt: £1250: £450. £150. 25.80. OF; 
£2050. C&F. £3057. 

2 Q01P4P SAREMAPLASTKStD){TCunrtngharo)TCuT4ntfwn 

S-12-1 MrSCuwinghan{7) 

3 BO/POOO BUM! BURN (Ll-Coi R WtadaiAM H EasMTOy 9-11-2 A Brown 

4 108228 OQUEMHOtlYgR BWbod) Mm GRenslwa-1 1-2 PNiwn0 

5 OOO-flPO SUMICSTRSrptjJDooladJDoaiar 9-11-0 Susan Kasey (7) 

7 OO/POOF- TAHQA M Kfl4Kfl M Kdett 8-10-13 — - 

9 PP-0481 MLITARV tXOint (B) (DJ (Mrs J Evans] Mrs J Evans 

1 (BJ CD) (Mrs J Ewans) Mrs J Evans 

122 80381 

12 a : » 

125 8211 

128- Jg? 

131 «8- 

134 2-11448 

135 82-0121 

137 21211* 

138 301218 
188 g 

140 . .» 

141 10 

142 H12 

143 18 

144 34 
146 41*111 

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(Mr* 0 FsnaHl J P SiWh 10-100. 
^Ornll ill T 0 Banon 7-100 — 



Dan dOr 


took a hand. His eight goals 
helped turn whal could have 

been an embarrassing tdevi«d 
defeat into a res p ert a hfe .9-9 
draw. The fofiowmg ni^t 
Unger scored a further six goals 

as Dundee added another naslm 
Peterborough Ptratts* ptrates- 

Canadian winger Kevin 
Conway’s three B”** 

Brains' home win over iwtnng" 
has l i mtt wi and two ag afog 
Durham took turn to 103 
Lragae goods for the j®***^ 
With seven games left, he 
seemed certain «o pss ^tne 
record of 108, set by Dw 
Stoyanovich last season. Con- 
way, his compafrwj um 
Salmon, and Steve Slaughter 
have scored more than three 
quarters of Ayr’* 278 goals. 

Away from the top ot me 
table, the main interest is now 
centred on sixth place; Wuh 
Durham and the four Scottish 
chibs well dear, foe fi nal ptey~ 

off now tests between Streamm 

Rcdaloasand Notiingbam.P&xi- 
lhers. j _ . . 

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ft. MuY*ye#W Raeas 9:. Ayr Bum 6 

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12, 1Mn8>y Wamora % flb 
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£14ft £14ft 


Sedgefield selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Norwhistie. 2.30 Hear No EviL 3.0 Border Knight- 3.30 Repent. 

4.0 Flying Ace. 4.30 Senor Ramos. 

; ) l ) u cj i 






423 SENCHi RAMOS (USA) (M RoneiS Tttan^ooft 

4-10-12 Jayno Thompson 

32 00 UANORAXE MSS (H Remirtck) A Sitlrtfl 4-10-7 J A Hams 

15-6 Sanor Rt to*. 10M0 PHkiwn Bond. 9-2 Sea Bed. $-1 Tha Reedeuttar. 8-1 
Capenm. 12-1 ftovioo, 16-1 OOws 

• Jeremy Tree, the trainer, said yestoday that both Advance and 
Slaney would miss the William Hill Lincoln al Doncaster later this 
month. “We have been unable to get either horse ready in time", a 
stable spokesman said. 

Ronald Thompson 

10-12-7 Jayne Thompson (7) 

- — P Niven 0 
Susan Kareey (7) 


W2S.fl "9 Jo>; FJ.H 5 5o«'nSft2 I 3^nTjOli>QSaa''m3^^ ocro 



Prospect of all -Merseyside final 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

A colourful vision emerged 
from the confusion of 
yesterday's FA Cup semi-final 
draw. On May 10. one end of 
the national stadium could be 
filled by the red of Liverpool 
and the other by the blue of 
Everton. Wembley, in other 
words, could again resemble 
Stanley Park for a day. 

The Merseyside giants have 
overshadowed the rest of En- 
gland during the last decade 
and. by tomorrow night, they 
should each have taken a 
significant step .towards an- 
other collision. Liverpool face 
Watford in a delayed sixth 
round tie at Anfield this 
evening and, 24 hours later. 
Everton take on Luton Town 
in a repias at Goodison Park. 

Although Liverpool have 
not participated in an FA Cup 
final since 1977, Wembley 
became their second home in 
the 80s when they won the 

can have 
final say 

By Hugh Taylor 

The city of Edinburgh was' 
given hope yesterday that one ol 
its finest seasons could climax in 
the Scottish Cup final being 
contested b> the capital's two 
dubs. Vesterday's draw for the 
semi-finals paired Hearts with 
Dundee United and Hibernian 
with Aberdeen or Dundee. 

The games are to be played on 
April 12 with Hearts at Hamp- 
den and Hibernian at cither 
Tynecastle or Dens Park, 
depending on the outcome of 
tomorrow’s replay between 
Aberdeen and Dundee. 

It has been a remarkable 
season for the Edinburgh dubs 
after a period of decline. Hearts 
are leading the league and 
Hibernian, who reached the 
final of the Skol Cup, have 
staged another recovery, 
eliminating the Cup holders. 
Celtic, in the quarter-final on 

The Edinburgh clubs have not 
met in the final since 1 8% when 
Hearts won 3-1. However, the 
bookmakers are not as optimis- 
tic as the supporters: they have 
installed Dundee United as- 
favourites to take the Cup with 
Aberdeen second. 

The draw emphasizes the 
swing from west to east of 
Scotland's pendulum oft power. 
It is the first time in IS years 
that the old firm of Celtic and 
Rangers have not been repre- 
sented in the semi-finals. Glas- 
gow supporters realize that it is 
doubtful whether their teams 
can pick up an honour this 
season: they are out of Europe 
and the Scottish and League 
Cups and have slipped almost 
out of contention in the League 

If they were to fail to win the 
preraierdivision championship, 
ft would be only the third time 
this century that their names 
would be missing from the 
honours’ list. The last lime was 
31 years ago when Aberdeen 
won the League title, Clyde the 
Scottish Cup and Hearts the 
League Cup. The other occasion 
was in 1952 when Hibernian 
woo the League, Motherwell the 
Cup and Dundee the League 

SEMI-FINAL DRAW: Dundee United v 
Hearts (Hampden Park): Hibernian v 
Dundee or Aberdeen riynacasaa or Derrs 
Park). Ties to be played on April 5. 

Milk Cup four years in succes- 
sion. They were heavily fa- 
voured to’ win ii again this 
season until l hey - as it were - 
knocked themselves out in last 
week's semi-finals. 

Having seen his side wave 
Queens Park Rangers through 
by scoring two own goals. 
Kenny Dalglish decided to 
pick himself last Saturday, 
and led Liverpool to a 4-1 
victory over the same oppo- 
nents.* Now he must decide 
whether to play a similarly 
active role in support of Rush 
against Watford. 

If fit. he should- Even 
though Dalglish's 35-year-old 
legs may wobble towards the 
end of a tie that is sure to be 
conducted at a bewildering 
fast pace. Liverpool will re- 
quire his reassuring presence. 
The incentive is a semi-final 
against Southampton, on pa- 
per the weakest club left in the 

swollen field of seven. 

Everton have recently be- 
come even more accustomed 
to making the journey down to 
the northern outskirts of the 
capitaL They lost to their 
neighbours in the 1984 Milk 
Cup final, returned to Wem- 

Semi-final draw 

Sheffield Wednesday or West Han 
United v Luton Town or Everton 
Southampton v Liverpool or Wat- 

Ties to be played at neutral 
grounds on Aptfl 5 

bley a few months laier io win 
the FA Cup. and went back 
again last May to be defeated 
by Manchester United, 

Having recovered from a 
two-goal deficit at Kenilworth 
Road last Saturday, as well as 

the loss of three members of 
their back four, Everton are 
expected to dismiss Luton at 
the second altempL Rate! i ffe 

may again be missing from 
their defence, but Sharp and 
Lineker will need only a 
meagre supply of ammunition 
lo prove the decisive attacking 

Everton would go through 
to meet either Sheffield 
Wednesday or West Ham 
United, whose contrasting 
styles will be on display at 
Hillsborough, also tomorrow 
night. West Ham, 
unmisiakeably given the bene- 
fit of two curious refereeing 
decisions, on Sunday dis- 
missed the FA Cup holders. 
Manchester United, in a man- 
ner that suggested they may be 
the greatest threat to 

If. on April 5. Everton are 
one of the clubs celebrating, 

the England manager. Bobby 
Robson will not be. Half of 
Howard Kendall's outfield 
players are probable re presen- 

Francis may have sealed 
his World Cup destiny 

-What happened in Boston. 
Willy r Is the 564,000 question 
in Arthur Miller's “Death of a 

Salesman." ■ • 

“What happened in Lisbon. 
Trevor?" is the question one 
might well ask Trevor Francis. 
Jt »-as there, last autumn, when 
he refused io go on the bench for 
Sampdoria against Benfiea in 
the Cup Winners' Cop, that 
Francis virtually sealed his fate 
with his club and his manager. 
Fngenio Bersellmi, and in so 
doing probably put himself out 
of *be World Cop. too, 

Francis, outraged that he 
should nnt be picked for the 
Benfiea match, reasoned that if 
he were not considered fit to 
play, then lie was not fit to go on 
the' bench. He watched from the 
stand*. Since then, he has made 
only sporadic appearances for 
the Genoa club, and his days as 
favourite son of tbe President, 
the millionaire ship owner, 
Manfovani. seem to have gone. 

I saw Francis play in the 
return match against Benfiea in 
Genoa, when he was utterly 
miscast as ait orthodox centre 
forward. Since then. I hanks 
partly to the injuries to which he 
is forever susceptible, mostly to 
BersellinFs door hostility, he 
has been ont of the team. 
Berseiiini would not even bring 
him on in the last home match 
against Pisa as a substitute, 
preferring obscure young re- 

Francis will definitely leave 
Sampdoria at the end of this 
season, bat Graeme Sonness, 
whose position previously 
looked a little rocky, will almost 
certainly be retained. His state- 
ment that be will consider any 
interesting offers from else- 

Kendall linked 
with Juventus 

Juventus. the European 
champions, are considering 
Howard KcndalLthe Everton 
manager, as a possible successor 
to Giovanni Trapattoni, who 
intends to leave at the end of the 
season, according to an Italian 

Giampiero Boniperti. the 
Juventus chairman, is reported 
by the Gazzcita Dcllo Sport to be 
an admirer of Kendall's 
management style. 

The Turin side have a five- 
point lead in the Italian first 
division, with six games to 
play. Trapattoni said last week 
that he intended to leave 
Juventus, possibly to take over 
as coach at Interoazionale 

pro-communist tendencies fell 
fool of the reigning Christian 

WOULD Democratic party. 

alllim Rubens Mlndli. the Ar- 

FOOTBALLw. mS# Rentine manager of Socrates' old 
— - Sao Paolo dub, Corinthians, 

Bi hi W&nVBS who was heavily tipped for the 

■■■■nBBIBMi Brazilian team job before 
where ignores the Cad that if Santaua got it, says: “ Picking 

Sampdoria want him to serve ont 
the third year of his contract 
there is no loop-bole. 

Another famous Football 
League player who will defi- 
nitely be moving is Liam Brady 
of Internationale. He has bad an 
inconsistent season, but the 
Ascoli dub, almost certain to be 
promoted to the first division, 
would like to keep him ia Italy. 
Just tnmed 30, Brady will 
doubtless hope to stay then for a 
season or two. 

Tomorrow, Brazil are doe to 
open their European tour 
against West Germany in 
Frankfurt. They will not be 
fielding their full potential 

Direct* is an aberration, and 
Socrates is a risk for the team." 

Meanwhile, there is more 
trouble in Florence. Tbe town 
has been bitterly divided by the 
decision by Fiorenthu to sell 
their star inside forward, 
Gtancarlo Antognoni. at the end 
of the season. There have been 
noisy demonstrations against 
Count Pontello and his son, the 
present hierachy of Fiorentina- 
Antognoni, ont of action for 
months after breaking a leg, but 
now back in die team, is deeply 
distressed. He says he would not 
mind going to Perugia, another 
dub who will probably come up 
from tbe second division and the 

World Cop side. Their ceie- one nearest to his both place. 

brated midfield players, Cerezo. 
Junior and EHrceu. are all 
committed in ftaiy. Training 
camp form has been erratic the 
first team lost once to the 

Te(e Santana, (he manager, 
has so far kept faith with 
Socrates, but the lanky, bearded 
doctor has even been under 
heavy fire in the Brazilian Press, 

Bat Roma seem a more likely 

On Saturday, Barcelona, in 
losing 3-1 to Real Madrid, also 
lost any hope of retaining the 
championship, not to mention 
their Scottish forward, Steve 
Archibald, sent off in the second 

Bernd Schuster could still 
play for Barcelona in their 

who have even accused him of European Cop semi-fina] second 
drinking too much wine at the leg match at Juventus a week 
Samba carnival in Rio and too tomorrow. Whatever he may say 
ranch beer in thetraining camp, about his reasons for wanting to 
Socrates says that if he wants to leave Barcelona, they believe 
smoke, drink and talk left-wing there that the true motive is 
politics, he will con tin oe to do so. money. 

He says, bizarrely that the 
reason he failed so resoundingly 
in Italy last season is that his 

CZECHOSLOVAK: Tatran Presov 2, 
Sparta Prague 1; Spartak Tmgva 2, ZVL 
Zhna 0; DuUa Prague 10, Casks Buds- 
iovka 0. RH Cheb 3, Stavia Prague 1; 
Lofcomotfva Kosice 1. Banik Ostrava 1; 
truer Bratislava 3, DuMa Banska Bystrica 
1: TJ Vrtkovtee 3, Dunaska Strode 0. 
Leading puttORK 1.TJ vnkovtce, 24pts; 
2- Spar ta Prague, 20: a Siavra Prague 19. 
DUTCH: Excelsior 0. PSV Eindhoven v. 
Sparta 3. Gronkraen 3: A^x 7. Herades 0; 
Fortune Smart 2. Rada JC 1: Den Bosch 

1. Go -Ahead 
Maastricht 0. 

ponod: NEC Nfimegon v Utrecht: Haarlem 
v Feyenoord iTweme Enschede v WV 
Vento. Leading posrixxn: 1, B nChoven 
37pts. 2. Aja»J4: 3, FeyenoonUO. 
ITALIAN: Ataianta I.Como 1: Avetkno 2, 
Sampdoria 1: Bari 1. Torino 0; 
Imemaaorala 2. Rorentina 0; Juventus 1. 
Napofi 1: Pisa 0. AC Mflan 1; Utinese 2, 
Lecce 1: Verona 3. Roma 2. 
Le e dkwpeeWowtl, Juventus. 38pts; 2. 
Roma 33: 3, NapoS 29. 

PORTUGUESE: Aws 0. Benfiea 1; Sport- 
Ing 0. Porto 1. Academca JLGUmaraes 0, 
Boa vista i. Porttanononse 0. Beienenses 
0. Mantxno 0. Penafiel 0, Satoutaros 0, 
Chaves 2. Coriha 2. Braga 2. Setubal 2. 

rrely that the Brian Glanville is football 
so resoundingly correspondent -of the Sunday 
ison h that his 'Jimes 


Tatran Presov 2, FRENCH: Nancy 1. Nantes 3; Paris Si 
anak Tmeva 2. ZVL Germain 1. Rentes OiAuxenel, Monaco 
je 10, Casks Bude* ft Marro*® 0, Men 0; Lens 3, Sochaux ]; 
X Stavia Prague 1; Laval 2, Uto 2i Bordeaux 1, Toukwse 1; 
I. Bank Ostrava 1; Nice 2. Toulon t; Lo Havre 5, Bastia 2: 
Ida Banska Bystrica Brest 2. Strasbourg 1 Lending posttons: 
Dunagka Strode 0. i. parts St Germain. 49p«s: 2,Nan»s. *1; 
TJ vnkovica. 24pts: 3. Bordeaux. 40. 

19. SPANISH: VaBadoU 3. Cadiz 0: Real 

. j^ndhoven 1; Madrid 3. Barcelona 1: Cota i. Hercules 
I' 2: Gqoo 2, SeviBa i; Beds 1. Osasuna 0; 
da _JC 1: Pe n Bosgi Valencia 1, AUetteo Madrid 1: Espnnrt t, 
1 Pv yBTTIBf , 0: _M v y Zaragoza 2: Santander 0, Los Palmas 
Afciwir 0. Pote- 0;Beai Sodedad 1, Athtatfc Bttao a 

*v Utrecht Haartam Lnadkig poahkml. Real Msdnd. 43pta: 

BEnadtedevWV z Baradoria.40:3AthlaocBa»o^S. 

bom: LBndhoMft WEST GERMAN: Bayern Munich 2. 

•«yvhgortL30. FOrtuna Dusstadcrt 3: Schaftei Cologne 

Como 1: Avottno 2, 0: Stuttgart 3, Nurembug 1: Wentar 

ari 1 .Torino 0; Bremen D. Bochum ft Boruasu Dortmund 

BntinaO: Juventus 1. 4. Kaiserelautem 2. LeeJng p ort tfona: 1. 

Mflan 1; UtSnase 2, Bremen 40pts; 2, Bayern. 36: BoruasJa 

YUGOSLAV: Dinamo VMawci 0. Dinamo 
Zagreb 1; Cfl» 1. Zetazniear 0 
Vowodna Z Stoboda 1; Parttesn Z OFK 
Bwgrade 0: OsSek 0 Jted Star 0: 

Sarajevo 2. Buducnoat 1: Pristina 3, 
Sutteska 1: R^eka 3. Hajduk 0: vetaz 4. 

laiivcs in his World Cup 

They will fly out immedi- 
ately after the final to tbe 
England training camp in 
Colorado. On arrival, they will 
scarcely be fresh. 

• Liverpool have been made 
2-1 favourites Tor the FA Cup 
by Ladbroke’s: Everton are 
second favourites at 5-2.0ther 
odds: 6-1, Southampton and 
West Ham: 7-1, Sheffield 
Wednesday'; I2-I, Watford; 
20-1. Luton. 

Snodin pulls ont 

Ian Snodin. the Leeds Unit- 
ed midfield player, has with- 
drawn from the England 
under-2f squad for. 
tomorrow's European Cham- 
pionship quarter-filial in Den- 
mark after receiving an ankle 
injury in his side's league win 
over Huddersfield Town on 


to keep 
his place 

Kenny Dalglish resumes his 
quest for the one important 
memento missing from his per- 
sonal collection, an FA Cup 
winners' medal, when Liverpool 
meet Watford tonight 

The player-manager, who re- 
stored himself to the attack for 
Saturday's win over Queen's 
Park Rangers, looks set to line 
up for the delayed quarter- final. 
Watford should be unchanged. 

Everton, who stage their fifth 
round replay with Luton 
Townto morrow in the hope of 
qualifying for a record 21st 
semi-final, are unlikely to have 
Raid i ffe recovered from an 
ankle injury butSheedy could be 
preferred to Richardson as a 
wide midfield man. 

Heath is unlikely to make the 
starting line-iip, which under- 
lines the reason why the former 
England undcr-21 foward wants 
to leave Goodison. 

King, a former Everton 
favourite who broke his nose on 
Saturday, is anxious to play for 
Luton and with injuries ruling 
out the forwards Brian Stein and 
Nwajiobi. he may be risked. 

Cup action of the Milk variety 
tomorrow enables Oxford 
Unitedand Aston Villa to put 
their relegation worries aside as 
they battle to earn the right to 
meet Queen’s Park Rangers at 
Wembley. Oxford sun 
favourites after a 2-2 first leg 
draw at Villa Park and the 
Midlanders go into the game 
with their manager Graham 
Turner under pressure following 
a 4-1 home league defeat by. 
Arsenal on Saturday. 

Smith resigns 
at Newport 

Newport County yesterday 
accepted the resignation of their 
manager, Bobby Smith, and 
have appointed John Relish as 
his successor. Smith, aged 42, 
offered his resignation after 
Saturday's 2-1 home defeat by 
Lincoln City. 

Smith said: “I deckled it was 
time to go in the best interests of 
the dub. I recommended that 
John Relish should take over. 
He is well respected." 

Relish, one of two player- 
coacbes at the dub (Leighton 
James is the other), has spent 
virtually tbe whole of his fool- 
boll career with Newport. He 
said his immediate concern was 
to get Newport bade winning 

Cash the father-figure may 

make all the difference 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Paul Hutchins, Britain s 
team manager, says they have 
“nothing to fear" in their 
second-round Davis Cup tie 
against Australia from July 18 
to 20. He is putting a gloss on 
the fact that in tennis as in 
cricket, the present Australian 
team are by no means intimi- 
dating. It could be a different 
story if, in tbe next four 
months, Pat Cash regains his 
1984 form. But if John 
McEnroe is anything to go by 
the nrnsoect of fatherhood 

tUUlU KIU|iWiaiuj — - 

edge from Cash's tennis ambi- 

Britain, promoted to the 16- 
nation world group, could 
hardly have had an easier 
draw. Moreover, they have 
played seven consecutive 
home ties and have at least 
one more to come. “We have 
been lucky", Hutchins says, 
"and must make the most of 
our chance". On the quicker 
surfaces John Lloyd, Jeremy 
Bates and Colin Dowdeswell 
are a good team with respect- 
able records. 

Lloyd has played more Da- 
vis Cup matches than any 
other British players except 
Mike Sangster, Bobby Wilson 
and Tony Monram. Lloyd 
and Dowdeswell have won an 
their five Davis Cup doubles. 

The new boy. Bates, has 
won six of his seven singles 
and. in many ways, is reminis- 
cent of another richly talented 
player who suddenly struck a 
dazzling vein of form in Davis. 
Cup matches. That was Gra- 
ham StilwelL who won 10 out 

victims including Wilhelm 
Bungert and Hie Nastase. 

Bates finds it easier to reach 
a “high" for sporadic Davis 
Cup lies than for regular 
tournaments. "You -train for 
two weeks, focus on two 
matches and then get. advice 
on coun”, he says. "I take my 
time more - put more thought 
into the points". 

When Britain had disposed 
of Spain the draw for the 
quarter-finals was taking 
shape: United States v Mexico 
or West Germany, Britain v 

Australia. Yugoslavia ' v 
Czech osia via and Swedes v 
Italy or Paraguay. How odd it 
is. by the way, that even when 
a Davis Cup tie has been, won 
and lost in two days the teams 
carry on playing. Can you 
imagine the West Indies win- 
ning by 10 wickets and batting 
on? : 

DAVIS CUPS Firs* round: 
Great. Britain M. Spain 4-4 (J 
Bates bt S Cwd, 6-J. 6-3; J. 
Lloyd bt E Sanchez 3-6. 6-3. 6-3. 
6-3: C Dowdeswell and Lloyd bt 
Gdal and Sanrfter6-4. 6-3. 6-3: 

Uoyd lost to Casal 6-4. 8 h6L 

Wright manager 

Gordon Wright, a former 
Lincolnshire middle-distance 
runner, win m anag e the England 
athletics team at the Common- 
wealth Games in Edinburgh this 
summer. Wright, aged 55. a 
local government officer wits 
Humberside County Council, 
was assistant team m anager at. 
the 1962 Commonwealth 
Gaines in Brisbane. His assis- 
tant will be Ray Barrow from 
Leeds, a former Northern Coun- 
ties coaching secretary. 

It is not usual to 

match 6-3, 6-1, 6-4 bot Jimmy 
Arias deserves whatever awards 
sport has to offer for bravery 
under fire when he won the 
decisive Davis Cup rubber 
against Raul Viver on Sunday to 
ensure chat the United States 
defeated Ecuador 3-2. 

I have never seen anything 
quite as bad as the way a small 
section of a dwadlmg 3 360 
crowd tried every trick in the 
book to prevent Arias from 
winning. Waving anas and Dags 
in bis fine of nshm as he was 
about to serve was a minor 
distraction compared to tbe ear- 
splitting cacophony of boos, 
jeers and whistles that erupted 
every time be hit the ball during 
a rally. Someone had even 

a police siren. 

By the time Arias came to 
serve for the match the noise was 
so bad that the French umpire, 
Michel Perrot, warned the 

.be replayed If they continued to 
call out dnrtag play. It did not 
stop, them hot Arias was also 
unstoppable by that stage and 
managed to win the final game to 
love. It was a heroic effort. 

“They kept calling out things 
like ‘You’re. ’ ngfy, Jimmy,"' 
Arias said afterwards. “It was 
ridiculous but playing Claudio 
Pajama io Rome two years ago 
sort of prepared me for iL In the 
end I was so focused that 
nothing bothered me. Viver 
would have had to hit four 
winners to win that last game*. 

There was no ritiousness fo 
the general attitude of the crowd 
towards the American team as 
there had been when Ecuador 
won on the same courts at the 
Guayaquil tennis dab in 1967. 
They simply have a different 
mterpretatwi of what passes fin 
permissible behaviour. 

There were many positive 
aspects of this tie. The rehithm- 

staudard of .fine calfing was ns 
good as anything I have seen. 
One linesman even had the 
temerity to foot-fonb Andreas 
Gomez, who did Ms best to keep 
Ecuador in c o u te ati on by wfo- 
aing both bis sidles. 

Tbe tie turned on the doubles, 
with Ken Finch and Robert 
Scguso displaying a high level of 
ma t urity and *131 ia their four- 
set victory over Gomez and the 
Ecuadorian captain, Ricardo 

In tending the United States 
to their fim Davis Cap victory 
In Sooth America since the 
debut of John McEnroe in Chile 
ia 1978, Tom Gorman coold not 
have made a more auspicious 
start to his term as r» p t» j n . 
Taking a leaf out of the late 
Harry Hopman's book, he 
worked his squad extremely 
hard in practice, instilled a sense 
of team mtify mid quickly earned 
the respect of Jus young players. 


Arias wins a hero’s medal * 

From Richard Evans, Guayaquil, Ecuador 

battle crowd through an interpreter ship between the two teams was 

Baker & M9Kej»tzie 

Commercial Lawyers 

If vou arc .it least one year qualified and would enjoy working in a fast expanding but 
friendly commercial practice with a large international client base, you should consider us. 

We are looking for eager, ambitious lawyers with initiative to handle top quality work. 
We can offer both challenge and opportunity, and flexibility as to specialisation. 

The Firm's worldwide representation provides opportunities for working in other 

A competitive salary, annual bonus and other benefits will be offered to successful 

If you would like to work in any of the following areas of our practice 

Acquisitions muI J oint Ventures 
hiiclh'ctiiiil Property 
In formation Teclwol qy y 
Corporate and Personal Taxation 
Comimreial Conreyatiditg 
General Commercial 

please write, with full curriculum vitae and details of your present remuneration 
and benefits, to Blair Wallace, Partnership Secretary, Baker & McKenzie, 
Aldwych House. Aldwych. London WC2B 4jP. 

Offices in Europe, North America, South America, The Middle East, Asia/Pacific. 


Are looking; for a Company/Commercial Solicitor. The successful appli- 
cant will hare at least two years experience of a wide variety of company 
and commercial u-ork. 

This is a challenging opportunity for an energetic lawyer to develop and 
expand the firm's practice in these areas from a solid base of high- 
technology and other company work. There are genuine partnership 
prospects for a Solicitor with drive and ability who will earn a salary to 
match ihc responsibility. 

Write with full c.v. to: 

FA. Connelly Esq 
Barr Edison 
39 Park side 
Cambridge CB1 1PN. 


The Comrninee curentlv las vscmcas tar Court Chris a Ha States 
aid Godsane & Rebate Petty SksouI Dmsob and apphaons an 
inwad tram both exgenenced mot darts ad batistes or soheson 
seefaiw s gotst m flu Msjjrtsrat Sana. Sdaiy wtf be vnflw tftfl rang* 
03.493 • E10571, (U. ttpuring upon egenoHL 
Funtw (teats and apphasan toms mfl do sen on rarest rad dauU 
be returned to me <9 2Mb Much. 1886. 

B.H.Jtatfraon. Esq.. 

Ctark to tbs G o mnvtt e e. 

Surrey Magistrates' Courts GomrMtM. 

St High Strata. 


StaToy. KT1Q 9RQ. 

Tta no; Ester 654S4/5 




Salary u £20,000 p«a. ^ 

Tin Isgim prbntafr-ovnri Coaqmy ta fie troni tafralnr, opmiag mr 5D nfedl steps 
aid u npndtai gnup of ItimUmI tranl shops thragnaol fro umby, roqtaros an 
«qwri— ad ScBdtertalta HMdOHtota Horitagt. Too wl bote dwryol prowl dip nrtourt 
« n u ihh p i l^ teBiayJlqj ii tofcte6imterifohlllwtasu 

Ifco ra qihoiti h ooli n hoM — |i% j —d urapt y taw nw l h iouh lio uj o I i imIi but 
aafcnhosMM MgoRM or htab UH Gmtlwri. temunnl 
w i^i oy wirtfciwutaflifatoraqtf wMtei g o . 

taod^teayow*odaiCeMp BU f SeaOnfYlofroSrodpwfciA te dtefaoteorcperrfng 
Comp Bo y ood o lifaore Ceoy lox lo Cnraorfl m ml g ta» t r avel o ycy bailnwi. 

fanih « i q > rih uteCwhMiwlte l laa| te PiHibrtewgADb>)w)JB 
a » n — I mn o n gi— t ta rt t il ml wood to ortoMtto te w wet ti n g tti atonrffo or ifr dl 

hrall e ta wo i fc in ^ rniiJMiwi taapleaiota it)Mttailnpelt w’«ifraiteMo r MfB B BBpadMgi 
whldt hrtuJer c— pf eor, ■ortkaHorora— , i wi frwl ilioiBry p a u loo ati 4iwwb* 
oonud howi wflb good I ro rol a motri a w . 

IBs b m opporttafty Io Mo 0 uriMsteUdtad, pragrasdro Canpcnr io a fesFownag 
■MutaMW-U. SppSn&mkimUnB, iiNbUiardataroriiaoto:- 

Ross.G. McNally, Group Mancqir.c Director, ' 
Ecrhonge Tfovei (Holdings) Ltd . E^thcnge House, 

Part-r Rc'ad,‘Ha'st"nas', E. Sossex.'TN34 3UB: - ■ 



(Qualified/Unqualified) : - 

required for Company Solicitor of expand- 
ing property development company. Must 
have good knowledge of all aspects of prop- 
erty law, and enjoy working as parr of a 
young team in a fast-moving environment 

Salary commensurate with age and 

Replies in writing with c.v. to:- 

Eve Ross, 


84 Grosvenor St-, 


i coco uxih TRtvEi mm iok 



We are looking for partnership calibre solicitors with relevant 
experience for our expanding Company Commercial and 
Commercial Property Departments in our London office. For 
each post a minimum 2 years’ experience since qualification is 
required but both vacancies may be of interest to more senior 
applicants with an established clientele in the relevant field. 

Please write with CV to:- 

Gordon R. Jones 


10/12 By Place 
London EC1. 



Salary by Negotiation 

We i k l Le -£ K & Dean (NJP), 

5 Pavilion Buildings, 
Brighton, BN1 1FE. 
0273 27241 

iHE llMfcS lUfcSUAY MAKObi 11 1986 

" ? 

•i „'• 


■4^.11 "l ‘0.- 

• :• :•/-. * 




k 5 ' 4 



. '. > z?U' 

+ “' ‘ M 7— » i 1 * 


- © up a commerdai Conveyancing 

Section to handle the Bank’s own properties, \ftfe 
are seeking a solicitor to lead the team. who has . 
several years experience in commercial 
conveyancing, gained either in private practice or 
commerce. The solicitor will have a thorough 
knowledge of all aspects of commerck 
- property law and mustpossess a genuine flair ' 
tor negotiating and drafting busmessjeases and 
contracts for sale by tender arid auction. Thp ~ 

: solicitor will be expected to advise all levels of - 
management and will assist in die selection of 
other members of the team. The Section will use 
the most advanced technical equipment at its 
office in Birmingham. 

The position carries a competitive salary with 
the usual Clearing Bank benefits. • • 

Please write giving details of age, qualifi- 
cation, experience and present salary to: 

H. G. Reynolds Esq, 
w Head of Legal Department, 
jE National Westminster Bank PLC, 

* 2o Old Broad Street 



























Legal Advisor 

The services of the world's largest motoring organisation 
don't stop with our famous roadside assistance. Members are 
also able to obtain a range of other services, including free legal 
advice on all aspects of motoring law, free legal representation in 
the Magistrates Courts relating to motoring offences, and Claims 
Recovery Service. 

- Due to internal promotion a vacancy has arisen for a Legal 
Advisor in the Legal Department at our Regional Headquarters in 
Twickenham. The successful applicant would be expected to 
advise AA members over the telephone and by correspondence 
cm aH legal problems arising from the use and ownership of motor 
vehicles and, in certain cases, negotiate on their behalf. 

The work s predominantly concerned with contractual law. 
hire purchase, tod, motor insurance and motoring law generally. 

Applicants should therefore have a knowledge of contract 
and insurance law preferably with a recently obtained law degree, 
or an equivalent qualification; Experience in the negotiations of 
motor daimswouldalsobedesirabteaJthough training wiU be _ . 
given. •* ; ■ ••• ‘ . '• .*“/./ • r: • : V 

Thts vaTedand wte r as tirig pbst carries a commencing salary 
of £9196 (including London Weighting), and wtii attract the fulf : 
range of AAbenefts. - • ••.- 

For an application form, ptease telephone the Personnel 
Department on 01-891 4172 quoting ref. A4246. 


Fanum House. 52 London Road. 

Twickenham. Middlesex TWl 3RN:. 

Tet 01-8914172 


. WANTED! - 

£9,951 - £13,764 

Are you at a cross-roads in your career? 

Have you ever thought of being a legal adviser in the ... 
Magistrates’ Court? 

If you have successfully passed your Bar Finals, or completed 
Articles, you are eligible to apply to train as a Court Clerk. The 
minimum starting salary is £9,951 p.a. rising by annua) incre- 
ments to £13,764 p.a. Full training will be given. - . 

Prospects for career progression to either Deputy Clerk to the 
Justices or Clerk to the Justices are excellent, with Clerics to the 
Justices earning between £20,000 - £28,000 p-a. 

Almost 10% of Clerks to the Justices in England and Wales have 
trained in Nottinghamshire. 

House prices in Nottingham are below the national average and 
the City offers a wide ’variety of amenities. 

Removal expenses are payable in foil and allowances are avail- 
able towards legal fees and lodging and travelling expenses, in 
addition, a settling-in allowance is payable in certain 

If you arc interested in finding out what is entailed, whether or 
not vou have passed your final examinations, please contact the 
Deputy Gerk to the Justices, Mr. T. G. Moore on Nottingham 
476345. If you wish, you would be welcome to come to uie 
Guildhall to talk about a career in the courts. 

A. D. Desbruslais 
Gerk to the Magistrates’ Courts Committee 

The Guildhall 
- Burton Street 



We are a forward thinking and pr^essive firm of 
solicitors with prestigious Tonbridge Welk. 

South boro ugh and LYowborougfl. 

As part of a continuing expansion programme 
require like-minded solicitors to jom us 
for contentious work of ail kinds- 
The successful applicants will haw to 
‘ demonstrate ^ excellent working knowtedgeof 
tbeir s-p«ialist folds, a commercial maA -good 
pereonalitv and enthusiasm for the challenge 
■ ahead. Newly qualified considered if they have 

the latter qualities. . . . 

The successful applicant* will be very well 
rerouted and there are excellent partnership projects. 

Tte « prospects of * ,fe P sltment 

in a branch office- 

Please apply in the stricter Jf ***** 

ten-id Cooper or Nigel Burnett at 


Napier Boose, 14/16 Mount EptoW Road, 
Tunbridge Wells, Kent TNI 1EE 

Telephone Tunbridge Wells (0892) 44022 

Do you know where 
you are going? 

"The future of the profession ?”— 
"fusion with the Bar?" - "end of 
conveyancing monopoly". 

Headlines like these show that 
solicitors live in a time of change. 

But there will always be a need for the 
real experts whose skills are vital to 
the international commercial 

Our own expertise is in shipping, 
insurance and trade world-wide; we 
have an increasingly lively office in 
Hong Kong. 

While involving you in exciting and 
challenging work spanning the 
Continents, we can offer a secure and 
well-paid future. 

If you are an ambitious young solicitor 
with a practising sense of humour, talk 
to us." » 

Write to, or telephone our Consultant, 
Mrs. Indira Brown with details of your 
background, Corporate Resourcing 
Group, 6 Westminster Palace Gardens, 
Artillery Row, London SW1 P 1 RL, 
quoting reference 2127. Telephone: 
01-222 5555, or, if you prefer, at 
home between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m. 

Norton, Rose,Botterell&Roche 

Trust & Tax 

Solicitor required as an Assistant to the 
Partners in our Personal Finance 
Department The work, which will involve 
tax and financial planning, boih domestic and 
international, trusts, wills, estates, charities 
and chancery work, is both demanding and 
interesting. Some admitted experience in this 
field would bean advantage. 

Please apply in confidence with full 
details to: 

Administrative Controller. 
Kempson House. 
Camomile Street. 

■ London EC3A VAN 

Norton, Rose, Botterell&Rbche 

McKenna & Co 


We are looking for two Lawyers with at 
lease two year's experience to join our Employ- 
ment Law Department. 

Applicants should be ready to work as parr 
of a team, but also able to handle a large indi- 
vidual case-load wirhaminimum of supervision. 

Excellent salary and benefits offered. 
Please apply with a Curriculum Vitae to:- 

Bernadette Willoughby, 

McKenna & Co- 
Inveresk House. 

I AJdwych, 

... . London. 




Austin Rover. Britain's major car manu- 
facturer, continues to expand its com- 
mercial operations !*>ih in the UK and 
ovcTseasanri is »nu looking fora Senior 
Legal Adviser in make a positive contri- 
bution lo its ltiriher. success. 

Based ai ihe Uompanv's head- 
quarters in Covcntrv, ifie successful 
applicant will be a senior member i»l a 
small, highly professional legal .stall'. 

■ Candidal es. male or female, will hold 
u good honours degree and should have 
live years’ post admittance experience, 
gained either in a large commercial 
organisation or in a commercial!} orient- 
ated private ptm i ice. 

The person appointed will be 
expected to take on significant respons- 
ibilities ai an early stage. The abifin to 

work independenllv and a practical 
i are therefore 


k nidcpeti 
commercial a 

Two lease cars. BL'PA and relocation 
assistant e where appn ipriate are part oi 
ot/rautvfctiie remit tiera lion package. 

Please write enclosing full career 
details and current salarv level lo 
R.J. Cooper. Resourcing and Develop- 
ment. Austin Rover Croup Limited, 
Building 23. Can lev Road. Covcmrv. 


Austin Kn\c-r is .in ■■p|Hirtm lints, inipkner. 

] Ste] 



ison I 




&Lo | 


The Challenge of 

We are a fast-growing modern law firm, with . 
16 partners and 55 staff. The expansion of our 
Litigation Department gives an excellent 
career opportunity for a young solicitor with 2 
to 3 years relevant experience. 

You will join a young, informal team in a 
stimulating ana busy environment. We offer 
excellent terms and conditions. 

Please write briefly with your CV or telephone 
Anthony Smith or Paul Clements. 

Crossman Block & Keith 
199 Strand, London WC2R 1DR 01-8367953 


We have a vacancy for a Solicitor, two or more years 
qualified, for corporate and commercial work, including 
China related work. 

Applicants should have a good university degree and 
relevant experience with a first-class UK. or Hong Kong 
firm of solicitors- Fluency in written and spoken English, 
Cantonese and Mandarin is also required. 

We will offer excellent terms and good prospects for the 
right applicant 

Applications with full CM should be setit to the Senior Partner, 
Stephenson Harwood & Lo, Swire House, 10th Floor, 

* Chaler Road, Central, Hong Kong. 


CITY SALARY c. £25,000 

Internal tonal City Holdings PL C is the holding company of a rapidly expanding 
broking and financial services group who invite applications for this new position from 
candidates who are likely to he Chartered Secretaries with a legal qualification. You 
must have had at least 3 years’ practical experience of both company secretarial and 
company legal matters, preferably gained, but not necessarily, in the City of London. 

To be successful you must have the required blend of firmness and tact necessary 
to ensure that the advice you give is accepted and acted upon by the Directors and 
Senior Executives who are experts in their own respective fields. 

This is a key position and the salary in the range of £25.IXM and additional 
benefits package will be tailored to attract the best talent available. 

Please apply with full C.V. in confidence to: T. A. Jones. Personnel Manager, 
International City Holdings PLC. 34-40 Ludgate Hill. London EC4M 7JT. 

International City Holdings PLC 



A. Bilbrough & Co. Ltd.. Managers of The- 
London Steam-Ship Owners’ Mutual Insurance 
Association Ltd., a leading P. & 1. Club, seek a 
young lawyer with experience of shipping litiga- 
tion. including shipowners' liability claims and 
charterpariy. disputes.' who wishes to specialise 
in this field. 

Wc arc looking for someone of drive and ambi- 
tion with the ability to handle and supervise 
such litigation. 

We have offices in Hong Kong and Greece and 
would prefer someone who would be prepared to 
serve a lerm abroad in due course. 

Please write with full details of your career to: 
M.G- Edmiston. A. Bilbrough & Co. Ltd., 

17 Crosswalk London EC3N 2AT. 



Applications, with names and addresses of 
two referees, are invited from suitably 
qualified persons able to take all types of 
courts without supervision. Salary will de- 
pend upon qualifications, ability and 
experience. This is a permanent appoint- 
ment and applications should be submined 
by 24ih March 1986. 

The Courthouse was opened in November 
1985 and working conditions are excellent 

An outline Job Description will be 
forwarded on request and further details 
are obtainable from the undersigned or Mr 
TTtomas and Mr Smith. Deputy’ Gerks to 
the Justices (Telephone 061-976 3333) 

Magistrates* Court 
P O Box 13 
Ashton Lane 
Sale. Cheshire 
M33 I UP 

S it Lomas 
Clerk to the Justices 

Grossman Block & 




We rwjurre Locum Solicitors & Legal Executives for Conveyanc- 
ing & Litigation Assignments for our 


Long term: Short icon. Pan-time- All Fifes Nnoiubte 


01-248 1139 

HoiidnvL SickncsE Rctruitme Maternity Leave Overload 


A Lawyer a required lo win the Management Team, 
baaed in the Eaie of Man. which administers a group o f 
liigtUy successful companies including a well known 
merchant bank and an uuemaikmai property company. 
The position will involve assisting in the management of 
a very substantial property portfolio, supervising outside 
lawyers In Uie acgulstuon and disposal or elements in Uie 
portfolio, advising the merchant bank and acting a? gen- 
eral legal counsel to the group and its founder and 
mak>niy shareholder. 

Applicants should appli m wiling enclosing a rull ev to 
Uie address below. All applications will be treated In Uie 
strictest confidence. 










































5 s 




















RIAM M a line + 15% VAT. 

Imiiwnunj 3 too) 
AiHMuKctncnlE. aaltmtitaKd 
h« the name and permanent 
address of the sender, may be 
sent ux 

PQ BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or tdepboaed (by Ktcptone 
suKuihen only) itr OI-ISI 

Vmo u wcmaus can be re- 
ceived by telephone bewcea 
Q.uCtnn and SJOpffl Mowtry la 
Fnday. on Samnfay between 
Q.Gfam and 12 noon. (01-481 
45KS Only). For pabboiica 
i he (ullompe day. ptmoc by 


on Coon and Social Page. £6 ■ 
line +■ 15* VAT. 

(tor and Social ftne 
onnouncrmcru can not be 
acceptrd by n , tc tohpne. 
Eodtunes ME 01-822 9953. or 
send in: I PtounaKloa Soot 
Landn El. 

Mon other classified advert- 
isements can be accepted by 
LekohcHte. The deadline is 
3.00pm 1 days prior U putdi- 
- won-lii. SUQpra Monday for 
WcdncsdavL Should you wish 
lo send in advertisement ip 
witting please mriude your 
daviune phone number. 
DEPARTMENT. If you have 
jnv auencs or pmblciiB 
iciaiing in -pur jdveruscmein 
once it his appeared please 
contact oar Customer Services 
Deponmcni by idepboiK on 
D 1-481 3006. 

The iriin klllrfh. but Utn nlr 
H gurlh lilr. 

o ConnlHjm 5; 6 


ASHTON. A ThantoglvtooSer- 
vice for the life of Petnr 
Cherry Ashton. ORE., win 
be heM at Si John Tty Bap - 
list Church. Auhncpe. 
Somerset at 2.00 pjn. on Sat- 
urday. 1901 April. 1986- 



An c - mra ontl B arUy naughty «- 

llr pocurn wtjtm yew a super 
bu-tnday and a wonderful ye* 
ahead. B-H TN 




March 1961. at SL James' 
Church. Devizes. Gerald to 
Pamela. Now at Aroeabury. 


broadwood. waBM. Oden 
over eZJWO. TO: 0743 B582S. 

me urge* omwne selection I MAHO FOR SAUL Kotr grand. 

walnut D'Abnatoe by w H 
Barnes. IMffs £4«J. TO 
042875 0856. 

bumtttca oft sum ngwtttr 

Grand. ROMWM CM* no 

66236. Omrieta ro-careflOon 
1970- For sale by Auction 180t 
March tn North elans. Tet- 
0782 261511. 


^STiral London from SSSSpw. 

Ring Town Hae Apia 373 3 *35 
cal TV 241V SWM. 

S£comSg»»ain Ante 373 6306. 
ST JAMES 5W1. Luxury 2 bed 
folly lurnMKd serviced ui nr 
part. 01 373 6306 IT). 

m-r. 26 + to sham c ml hl a w 
hoot* and g a r d e n. Close a* 
amende*. £90 ow + MUS. fiefs 
cctcnttsL T a Ol JW *155 (af- 
ter 9pmi 

Hse. Huge nut m. sun aw £90 
pw. Lae rm lor 1 £60 pw. Inc 
trills, cleaning. TO: 01-720- 
1876 afler 6 pm 

can rix. Eaceltod eendldon. 
£10.000 ono. TeL- Ol 4850869. 

For Sale 


CALIBRE CVS professionally 
written and produced 
cwnrutum man docnaaia. 
Decal*- 01-500 2959. 

fidential docwnrnB delivered In 
the UK and Europe. Ext. lO 
yean. Tel 0279 20306. 

FMEMBSHH*. Love or Marriage. 
All aprv. areas. Dateline. Pent 
id 61 23 Abingdon Road. Loo- 
Goo WB, Ten 01-938 toil. 


Desks. Bookcase etc A Pie 1940 
(urraiure ret 01-666 OX«B or 
01-228 2716. 

Trammor Radio with the su- 
perb Stone T V and video 
package. GEC 22toch remote 
T V pus Cnmdig Remote Ste- 
reo Video PUB Hand ai noty 
£799. TOO*. 91 Lower Soane 
Sheet. London SWi. 01-730 

p pi on Friday 7th March at 
Button General Hospital, to 
Sheena and Roger, a daugh- 
ter Lucy Ametu> Jane, a 
skier far Katie. 

COHEN on March SUi at The 
Portland Hospital lo Chris- 
tine and John a son. Robert 
Fairfax Ml rile Id a brother for 
Sophia and Harriet 

DE LUCY - On March 3rd to 
Giii ian utee Stuart) and Bin. a 
sou. Thomas Benjamin. Our 
Grealful thanks once again to 
the Staff of St Thomas Hospi- 
tal. London. 

ELEK To Tom and Caroline 
into Detevtngne) on 9th 
March 1986. a son. 

FEENY On 9th March to Kevin 
and Gtngey inCe Harman) a 
daughter. Madeleine Eliza- 
beth Wentworth. 

LANNHMS On 8Ui March lo 
Rosemary inee Creek) and 
Michael a boy. George 

LEVENE To Simon and Anna, 
a daughter. Sarah, on 9th 
March 1986 at Queen Mary's 
Hospital. Roehampton. 

LINTON On March 9th. at 
Perabury Hospital, lo Odette 
and Marc, a son Michael 

LL0YD-DAV1ES On March SUi 
ai the Middlesex Hospital, to 

Lynda and Edward, a daugh- 
ter Nobel Manna. 

March, at Queen Charlotte's, 
to Julia mf-e PlUdngtonj. and 
One a son. Nikolai. 

MARRIOTT On March SQi at 
Queen Mary's Hospital, 
Roehampton. lo Anna Cnfe 
Rees- Jones) and Andrew, a 
son. Richard James. 

PARKER to Linos and Uz tnde 
Greene) al Sc Peter's Hospital 
Cherisey on the 2nd Mart* 
1986. a daughter Claire 

nmirs - On March Ihe 8*. at 
the Ayrvntrr District HMMtaL 
lo April in*e Mercer) and An- 
drew. a son (Tom). 

SMMATO On 10 th March, to 
Teruo and NacU a daughter. 

ST HELENS to Emma wife of 
Rory, a son on 7th March. 

March al Westminster Hospi- 
tal. to Piers aad Jane, a 

WAY On 7th March at the 
Princess Margaret Hospital. 
Windsor, to Jayne (nee sms) 
and John a son. Duncan 
George, a brother for Robert 

WYLDOn 9Ui March to Susie 
i nee Sham) and Richard, a 
daughter. Katherine, a sister 

roan sin: remnants w6er half 
normal price. Chancery Carpets 
m Ann 

we nave Ockets fbr m«« and an 
theatre and worts. Tel: 631 
3719. 637 1713. AH major 
credit cards. 


rectangular. Exrrlkm ranS 

ttca. winter Stump Sale. Save 
rrr > and order now. 062&- 

TICKETS for any even l CMS. 
SurUgM Exp. Chess. Lea Mb. 
AU rnrairo and spans- S2i 
6616/828 0496 

AJEx/vna /Dinas 
Starugm Exp. Chess. LO Mb 
All theatre and spark. 

TeL 821 -6616/828-0995. 

A. Ex / visa / Diners. 

ble sens etc. NauonwMe 
deliveries. Tet <0380) 860099 

SCA-nWDERS Any event tnc 
Cat*. Cavern Gdn. ScirUghl Exp 
01-828 1678. Makar credli 
cards. 1 

PUBW/CKETAH TO* for sole, 
nearly new. Ol 278 6127. Ol 
833 2921. 

dealers. Ol 878 6666. 


To £12*000 + nort 

City Insurance Brokers req. a 
fop dass Sec. to work for 0m 
M. Deeclor 110 S/Hand & GO 
typ essL These is a large 
amount of pnvate & confiden- 
tial work Involved Must have 
WP exp. Ape 25 nwiy35 max. 
Hra 9 - 53J. Em. career pros- 
pects and benefits. 

Tel Karen 01-606 

GAS Ran Cons. 


Permanent & lempomry posi- 
tions. AMSA SpeCUUM Rec. 
Com- Ol 734 OS32 

gdns. pOT Wa gcdc. £S3 pw Iflfl 
s*t eh. Tel 01) 788 890 J. 
ry Rat wttti ewenmuna W« 
Kenstngten. p» od TO.- 
01-602 2040 arm- 6 pm 
mare luxury oat £60 pw± 
MA> + ref. TO 01-831 7252 
twanu 337 4766 (Homo) 
m. Prof M. 2S+. N/S. tor auto 
luxury gdn house. Mon to Fn 
baas only. CH. O/R. £40 pw 
excL 01-262 6308. 

CtfWHAM SBOl Prof. M/F. 
N/S snare lux hse. O.Tt £80 
P w. excL 730 8646 eto 23. 
targe house. o . R. £40ow me. 
TeL 01 -274 2792 
PWTNPr Oonnlng ftalM. CH. 
KHchcnettc. Bath- Su« 2 young 
Draft. £90 pw. 7880367. 

SWI female 17 21 sh/roooL Ige 
IM with paUo or tuba A Sham- 
£3Spw ad UBa. Ol -821 B494. 
SW17, nay prof, own bed.'IMtl) 
In f amity bouse. N/S pro. £200 

PCRL Td-672 asda. 

SW 18. F to dun house. £38 
exd. Usual fiKdUks. T«fc 874 
4289 anytime. 

SWT4. 601 Prof M/F. Ibr He lux 
use. gon. c • n O-'R. £136 pw 
•ML 730 2S65 Mficr SJO patf. 


CITY excecuttviw IM to kL TWte- 
fuOy ftniMshed I be dr oom flaL 
propeiaus adreas In lUxuy 
mocil Conmeny kl 01-460 


BARTON On March 9th 
suddenly at Woking. Ronald^ 
dear husband of Molly, fa- 
ther of Nicholas and much 
loved grandfather. Family 
(lowers only. 

BATESON On 6ih March- sud- 
denly from a heart attack at 
home in Devon. Air Vice 
Marshall Robert Norman. 
C.B.. D.S.O.. DJF.C.. RAF. 
retired, aged 73. beloved hus- 
band of Margaret and 
stepfather of David. John 
and Elizabeth and grandfa- 
ther of Ben and Beatrice. 
Funeral Service at SI 
Andrew's Church. Bere 
Ferrers on Friday the 14th 
March al 1.15pm. followed 
by cremation at Weston MID. 
Plymouth. Private flowers 
but donations if desired to 
Bere Ferrers Restoration 
Fund, c/o Mr R Baker. The 
Hermitage. Bere Ferros. 

CRANE On March 9th 1986 
peacefully al home Jean 
Berenice aged 71 years, be- 
loved wife of Roger and 
greatly levad by her cttlklren 
Peter. Gillian and David and 
by her eight grandchildren. 
Funeral Service at Fuller 
Baptist Church. Gold Street 
Kettering on Friday March 
14th at 12 noon, followed by 
private cremation. Faintly 
flowers only but donations If 
desired to international Help 
for Children. 130 EverahoU 
Street. London NWi 1DL 

March 6th suddenly Joan 
Cotton, beloved mother of 
Michael. Funeral Service Fri- 
day March ldth at 3.00pra ai 
AU Saints Church. Undfleid. 
W Sussex. 

FIELD Peacefully on Mother- , 
Ing Sunday 9th March. 
Rebecca Annie Rose Field. In 
her 85U) year, widow of Ar- 
thur. much loved mother of 
John. Christopher and Anna, 
and lovely granny to her 
eight grandchildren. Funeral 
Service private, (amity flow- 
ers only. Service of 
Thanksgiving at 12 noon on 
Saturday !5lh March at the 
Church of St Peter and St 
PauL Seal Nr Sevenoaks. En- 
Quirles to Sevenoaks 61049. 

BRACE - Gwen, aged 88 years. 
widow of Hear Admiral 
Campbell Grace, fond moth- 
er of Pamela TebbiL David 
Grace. Helen Ingham. 
Jeremy Grace and Virginia 
Hendon, and proud Nan of 
thirteen grandchildren: on 
6U) March after a long ill- 
ness. most devotedly nursed 
by her friend Doreen Topley. 
Service at SL Mary’s. 
Alverstoke. Monday 17th 
March, al 2.30 pm. followed 
by a private crenurtfon. No 
Dowers please, donations to 
Gosport and Fareham In 
Shore Rescue Service, c/o 
Mr Binding. 11 Peel Road. 

HALL Suddenly but peacefully 
at home on March 4th. 
Ralph, husband of Kathleen 
and father of Anne. Ian and 
Graham. Funeral Service on 
Wednesday March 12th at St 
Andrew's United Reformed 
Church. Roath Park. Cardiff 
at l-45pm. 

HOPKINS. On 4th March 
1986. peacefully at home. 
Celia (Cecil Don) aged 79. 
Mother of Denis and 
H*nmah ipltve) Van der 
Marten. Funeral at Woking 
Crematorium. Friday 14U1 
March at 1 -30 pol Flowers 
to F. Harrison, funeral Di- 
rectors. Harvest Road. 
E ngtefte fcf Green. Surrey. 

HUNTER - on Sunday 9th 
March. peacefully. at 
Langford Park Nursing 
Home, and late of Havlkil 
Lodge. Scott on- 

KnareSborough. Yorkshire. 
Prudence Josephine, devoted 
and caring wife of the late 
Joseph Hunter and kwlng 
mother of Charles and Timo- 
thy and srandmolher to 
Alexa and Eliza. Funeral SI 
Michael's Church. Bampton. 
Devon. 2.30 pm Friday 14th 
March, private cremation to 
follow. Flowers to A White & 
Sons, Undertakers. Credit on. 

KEYWORTH. Winkle. On 9th 
March 1986 beloved wife of 
the late "Crash" Keyworth 
of The Queens Bays in a 
nursing home tn Ireland after 
a tong illness. Funeral 
KUnaraanagli. County Wex- 
ford al 2.00 pm Friday 14lh 
March 1986. Donations if de- 
sired (0 SSAFA c o Huggard 
& Brennan Solicitors. 2 Row 
Street . Wexford, Eire. 

LEEFE Peter Lawrence M.B.E, 
Dearly beloved father of Pen- 
ny and Angle and brother of 
Motly. suddenly at home 6ih 
March 1936. Funeral 

MACLEAN - On 9th March 
peacefully after a short fit- 
ness. Colonel John Francis, 
aged 85. father of Michael 
and Ian. Funeral private at 
his own requesL No flowers. 
NO letters, o lease. 

MERTNEY Bernard (Barney, 
barn 10th March 1900). On 
the 7lh March 1986. at St 
Christophers Hospice. 
Requiem Mass 10.00am an 
nth March. St Antho ny’s 
Church. Anertey. SE20. 

HEWITT On March Gth In 
hospital. Chtoe. of Hunters 
Lodge. Hartley Wtntncy. Fu- 
neral at Easthampstead Park 
Crematorium 1 1. 00am Fri- 
day 14th Match. Flowers to 
DavM Greedy. Dukes Ride. 
Crowthome. Berks. 
OWANLON on March 6th 
1986 Raymond Stephen age 
58 years. (Chase Manhattan 
Bank. New York & London). 
Peacefully after a short Al- 
ness in Mourn Sinai Hospital. 
New York. Beloved husband 
of Luisa. Funeral took place 
to New York Monday March 
10th. Donations maybe sent 
to Imperial Cancer Fund. 
PAYNE On March 8th 1986. 
peacefully at Mount Alvernla 
Hospital. Guildford tn her 
89th year Evelyn beloved 
wife of Francis Gordon 
Payne and Hearty loved 
mother of Donald and grand- 
mother of Christopher. NigeL 
Adrian. Alison, and Robin. 
Funeral arrangements (0 be 
confirmed. Enquiries and 
(lowers please to Sherlock 
and Sons. Doridng (Tel 
Doridng 882266). 

PEN 1ST AN Money James, 
suddenly on Wednesday 5th 
March. Funeral Service 
Thursday 13(1) Match 
2.00pm In St Mary's Church 
Hawksbury. Family (towers 
only donations if so desired 
to Gloucestershire Trust for. 
Nature Conservation, c/o H 
E Townsend. Box Cottage. 
Hawksbury Upton. Badmin- 
ton. Avon. 

■Corrected announcement). 
ROBERTS In Canada after a 
short illness Surgeon Rear 
Admiral Richard Howell 
Roberts R.C.M. (retd). CD.. 
CLSTJ.. Mb.. F-R-CJ-C. 
Dearly loved husband of 
Maureen utee McWOUam) 
16-310 Cathead Street. Otta- 
wa and father ot Peter and 

SMITH - On March the 8th. 
1986. suddenly at his home 
in Bath. John Walter Gainer 
Smith C.V.E.. D.F.C.. Group 
Captain R.A.F.. rat'd. Funer- 
al Service. Bayeombe 
Crematorium. Bath, on Tues- 
day. March the 18th 2Jt0pm. 
STANTON On Friday 7th 
March. Albert Edward, 
peacefully after a tong flgtiL 
husband of the late Patricia 
jean, dearly loved father of 
Heather. Citve and Martin. 
No nowers by request dona- 
tions to St Richard's Hospital 
Fund. OUenesur. 

STOREY On March 8th wuh 
her customary calmness, al 
Mount Alvernia Hospital. 
Pamela Anne aged 70. wid- 
ow of Roy Storey, loving 
mother of Tom and dear 
mother-in-law of Vicky, de- 
voted grandmother to 
Eleanor. Susannah. Harriet 
and Rose. Funeral Service at 
Surrey and Sussex Cremato- 
rium Forge Wood. Batoxnbe 
Road. Worth. Crawley, on 
Thursday 13th March at 
2.15pm. Family Flowers 
only but please send dona- 
tions In lieu to Dr. Topham 
Research Fund. Sr Lukes 
HospttaL Wine Road. 

WHAULEY on March the 8th 
peacefully in ha steep at the 
College of SL Barnabas, the 
Rev. Edward Pension 
Whalley. unde of the late 
Give Whalley and of Robin 
Whatley, and much-loved 
unde and great-unde- Cre- 
mation pnvate. Requiem on 
Saturday. March the l5Ut at 
12 noon at the College of sl 
B arnabas, followed by the in- 
terment of ash«. No flowers 
please, but donations, if de- 
sired. may be sent to The 
Warden. The College of SL 
Barnabas, Blackberry Lane. 
LingfleUL surrey RH7 6NJ. 
Tet Dormans Pane 260. 
WHJLMMS On March 8ft 
Bridget Ohvfa. adored wife of 
Gerald and mother of Canv 
lyn. Anne and Christopher. 
Funeral stncuy private but 
Service of Thanksgivtag in 
Hampshire next month (de- 
tails later). No tetters or 
flowers please but donations 
10 St John the Baptist 
Church. Hchen Abbas. Win- 
chester. will be shared with 
the Cancer Fund. 

Together we can beat it 

We fund over one third of ' 
oil research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK. 

Help us by sending a dona- 
tion or maJre J legacy to: 

Cancer, t'il 
Research - 
Campaign Mk* 

2 Carbon HnuwTerriie. 
iPt-pi irnifi l. London SWIY5AR 




for betp given to CGM. PubUca- 
Oon promised. 

BUSMESS RUN with Impeccable 
ref ere nces requires active iMr 
partner Jolni tnveumnd In 
property England and/or 
Saumem Spain. Reply lo BOX 


MALE, 2 «. IMelitesnt. Rreource- 
fuL needs to earn a KM of money 
m one month, win con si der 
anything. Ring 01-4552578. 


CDBDCN BLEU cook tomp for 3 
WU. £4.50 p.h. + O/T at £6 7S 
o n ror presngtom CUy Co. 
Good exp nexJMe aunude. 
Willing lo wort long hours + 
same weekends. . Start mid 
March. Phone Angel ASB Rec 
Cons on G83 1656. 

87 Regent StreeLLondon Wi. 
Tet 439 6534.DK/Overseas. 
am m helps/ dams temp, perm 
tering DO for their WC1 

knetwns. Tet 01-405 2224. 


FART UK Sec req 3 days a 
week in WCt. Must be unarm- 
ed in catering. Tel 01-405 2224 

him asststom In sales oCdce 
needed 3-4 days pw plus aU 
weekend! Experience not es- 
sential - inteuegence and 
sense of humour Salary ac- 
cording (o OehHRy.TelOl 373 
8425. ref OCC. 


Sspd. 20JX» miles. Exd cond. 
Alloy wheels. Sun roof, eleci 
windows. Silver root 
Spouera/ extras. £5.998 ono. 
Ten 01 994 6477 x 177 Utoyk 
Ol 562 2501 (eveSL 


tfand Ud.. where we are 
conauflUy pursuing (toe previ- 
ously owned Rolls Royoe SUwcr 
Ctoud I. H or UTs. would like 
yon to oensMer yew motor car. 
We are prepared lo 
compensateyou up to £15000. 
Please comaM Mr Joseph Bongo 
at the Cumberland Hotel be- 
tween 8-14 March. TcLOl-262 




I960 automatic. Power 
Assisted Steering, alloys, 
rear seal conversMXL Low 


£5,500 ’’ 

01-965 7714 

120 tMasd Part: Aw. Wit 

OeSgwhf sod stwte. salt) taring, 
tomaculate caritai. DUe steto 
im. Rted kl tatfi. dose tube. Co 
U. t jr. £120 (ML 

Artists sri a dal itt nagnfanl 
taiQe racep no baking onto pfie 
oli: so. 1 OWe Mnn. Lge hL bath, 
fiakany. Hnht» irommendaL B 
mtiH. C b/VB. £300 sw. 

07-225 0966 


Beauldul 3rd lloor (U M 
biorh. UoMrfully lunuuml 
“Ud ifcoca t id. Rrcep. Kd. 
2 DUe norms. Balhrm. 
CJkrrn £300pw org lo tad 
CH. CHw. urn. porirrage 

* r phonr. 

M.vjnihrml new nn the 
Pin t. may or seen from IM 
Wrl) 6ih (lour fial In 
Block. Rpct-p. Kit. 2 DMe 
Bimm. t 9oh> Barm. 
K.*inrm_ dXrm. Utopw 
non lo tori CH. CHW. Hits 

^01-629 6604 /g 

HYDE PAMUmmer 4ab»4 2 
bearoems. large dounle rersp- 
uon with duuog hail. American 
kitchen, martde bathroom plus 
sen wc. Dal with balcony to 
presage block. Available now. 
Palace Properties. 486 8926. 

tonon 2 bdroi (lot ninooUng 
Common for let mm 1 year. 
Fully nurd klL Ige recep. CCH. 
dbie gto'd. B nuns am etu Uei . 
£140 pw Tel: 01-673 1144 

deugMed to offer 2 lux 
(owuhses wllh private grges. 
CHl now (or Uriah* Nathan 
WUson A Co. 794 1161. 

MAYFAIR Wl. Luxury Mrertor 
designeo apt m p or tered block. 
Recep/omer. 2 bnk, ut with an 
maths, bain, xssopw. Cooces 
828 8251. 





let £500 pw. 

7353 . 

Vtsmsw L OR POW? Allen Bates 
& do have a large s el ection of 
flats and houses available for 1 
week + from £lGQpw. ogg 

8L0ANE SQUARE. Lovely Pied- 
o-Terre tn quart Bee lined SL 
Dec to hiah ttmdanL £1 75 DW. 
Luxury Living. 589 922 H. 

Hsnters’i m(M)u in renting 
quality runushed houtes. 
Hunters 837-7366. 

WCL. Immoc 2bed is dr AM. Lift 
& porter. ClBOpw Inc OH/HW. 
6 C Boland 221 2615. 


01-584 6491 




Superb development 
of luxury furnished 
apartments, maison- 
ettes end studios, 
some with terraces 
and balconies. Avail- 
able for long term 
Co. Lois. From large 
studio flats to spa- 
cious 5 bedroomed 
flats, n 20- £600 pw. 


late. «uM and sunny Dal In 
good residential area. Recently 
re-emnsprtJ and (asrefully deco- 
rated with anlioura and pine 
■urnlture. 2 Ob* bed, dfal recep. 
K ♦ B. entry Dhone. CH £I8S 
pw met. Maid service. 
OTtorKe.629 1105 utayK 605 
4206 mei. 

tSUNCTOH AdracUvety sttuated 

town house. to mins 
aty-'wMrnd. targe reception, 
well equipped known '(floor. 2 
double bwteoo ma A 
studio.' study, small garden, off 
met parking. 075 pw. Tel 
Hafcy on >04 381 67891. 

SWISS COTTAGE. Owners regret 
temporarily leaving torety 

home located to a tori SL TIPS 
house otters nuoaw weU pro- 
portioned accord with 3 recepa. 
4 beds, and garage. All rood 
amoillies end bright decor 6 
Piths only £250 pw. ?44 7353. 

hot dais, houses uh lo £500 
p.w. Usual tees ms. pnuum 
k'ay A Lewis. South of the Park. 
Chetsoa office. Ol 552 Bill or 
North of the Part. Regent's 
Park office. 01-722 5155. 

family house, newly dec 
throughout. 5 beds, drawing 
rm. dining area. Mod UL 2 
balhs. garden and gargage. 
Avail April long Co let. £S00 
pw . Masked* 01 531 2215. 

KEKUHOTON WB. Fttnustied 
nau. troan or roecram sized 
ttolc bedroom. £105 or £l2Spw 
with simiui room. K dr B Mlnt- 
raum tel lyr. 2 moniha tteposu. 
01 937 7087 or 01 866 


lanOMt A tenants 
come to ua for 


01-734 7432 


HAMPSTEAD DeSgfttfri 2 bednti 
apt olooklng gdn. Spec recep, 
good ML BattywC, Atao^tig 

BWraSr Exd 2 dbie bed flat 
dbia recap. New tax tateben & 
ban. Lift, porter be CH X2B6 
H2 Quiet 11* beAm apt Mews 
IHL^ Ctasa city. Vary good 




Letting & MaMgeanen! 


Presuormniy Wealed to UUs 
hfehly oeurabte res area, i 
bedim patio flaL Just on the 
"wow*. Co Let far 1 yrXi4o 
PW. 244 7363. 

WC1 GRAY'S RM BD. Sunny 
wed eqteped balcony flaL DM 
bed. recpL US. £126 p.w. Co 
LCL Tel 01-218 2761. 

CCKritALI l bedrooread matson- 
•Oe. no MUs. £75 pw. other* en 
arew. 627 2610 HometocatorB. 

CHELSEA On ftt. 2 rent kit A 
bath. S. C CH. Suit 1/2. 1 yr. 
Co let £1 IO pw. Ol 352 7814. 

Superbly decorated and lunttEhed 1 bed- 
room Flat in- the hurl of Pimlico. 
Reception rm.. kllhcra- dole, bedroom, 
bathroom en-umc. Available now on long 
Compare, let. 

Eiao per week. 

Phh&co Office: 01-834 9998 

Wide range of Quality furnished 
and unfurnished property 
• Full Management Service 


^ — K I.MIIKM! A L — v - r 

• Legal-Tax Advice 
• Personalised Service m rough 
7 computer linked offices 


1 S bed Flats a tollable fn small MOtfc close 
Marble Arch. Traditionally lUmlshed. 
fuUv (outnwd al rente from £250 Per 
week infl. maul service. 

Hyde Park Office: 
01-262 5060 


Medhcn sized Gxy practice wishes tD twruil for this 
expanding d epa rtme n t an assis t ant (about 2 yon 

wiU» a large firm and is now lo<*ing ftw 
rajpcrtiuiity to devetop an individual style wrtn jsen* 
ty of client contact nod tbe chance to oa unumve. 
Candidates should be familiar with aD typ« otmv 
vwe and pubbe company w«k and some knowledge 
of ux would be a distinct advantage. 

Write with CV ta 

Robert King* 


22.2$ Paul Street, 

London. EC4A 4IH 



I Sljiiili 1 


to <****• in the preparatiOB and po Mkarfo o of this too»Jotf 
ot current social Ir g rdarion . 

This pen require* » mo d imd et^n kftta rfBfmaso m l^^- 
tion gad pie aiblity to imnman s e complex le gi U tw a in dear 
tanguagL Legal q naBfiefiion preferred. 

Wrinr to the FtoonaelOfficenNCVa 26 BcrifonlS quare, Lot); 
den WC1 B 3HU for fbrther details. Ctans date for coBndeteo 
applications I April 1986. 

NCVO is an equal ow uHonMes emptoyov 


Conveyancing Solicitor, required 
for small friendly practice, sense 
of humour required, good 

•Tel: Mr Donald Galbraith 

(01-446 6717) 


A position exists for a Joint Senior Clerk to 
leading provincial chambers (two silks, twenty 
juniors). Terms negotiable. 

Please write to: 

Eric Elliott 
51 Westgate Rd 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne NEI ISS, 

enclosing a curriculum vitae. 


wuh good gcre r al ex oertatc* raqalrwi tee a tew nlklLw a 
prarUcr u North Wesi Lo n do n Ambtttoo and good pwanais 
Urasenltel and nereonal cohort* haWaLPMce Hepta* 
204 4261 or wrtte lo Messrs Iver DcnOcfld St Co. 272 
Kmgttuxy HO. lom NW9 OBT 

T. G. BAVNES- 4-SOT®- 


Kent has led to vacancies for staff at Daxtferd. 
B^teyheatb and Otpmgton- . ; , 


homesick corporate solicitor 

Latge Edinbuigh W5. firm sedo young qudi- 
fied Solid toe. with exp erienc e in the corporate 
and commeim] fields. The Post ofios as eaceJ- 

knt opportunity to the candidate abl e in to 
fidd to asast in the expansion of lm$ aready 

btfSy °f fhe. Cull. .. 

The post will cany na mne n m on m ihe top gad 
of the scale for the selected candidate. 

Apply with detaBs of experience, in confidence, 
to- Ref-No. 536. Marries & Young Advertising, 
6 & 7 Wemyss Place, Bfinboa^b,. EH3 6XA. 


Invites apt^icattons for lbe post of- . 

Invites appScariocs for fbc post of- 

pumector off sniw es - - 

Teaching and admnristiBtive post for 
Loodkni (External) LU3. 

Salary Range 8 > iOK put 
apply m writing with C.V. to 
The Pnndpai 
Wokey Hafi Law School 

66 Banbury Road 
Oxf«d OX2 6PR. 


7 Partnw Bm in PM MM . seek expnsocsd 
Ctwweyancfnn/CoaiiRit^ Sotator. The post mmU tiaHy 
sta an es&b&fed SoSeitor Mh own toSowng Mteavtawto 
Partnorahip rftw a suitaUe period 

Send CV or oog Brian Godtray. io strictest cwftJmce. - . 
Lake IteBy A Tnafnfl 

1 PbB MM Em( ■ ' 
Lmim SW lY SAY 
Td: »t «3» 5Mt 



Assistant Soficitor 
sought by busygeneral 
practice. All round 
ability required, but 
with emphasis on- 
litigation. Apply with 
CV. ta 

TAX £High(y Competitive 

Our clients are kwldng for a young lawyer with up to three years experi- 
ence to join, their dynamic tax department. A good academic background 
is essential as is tbe ability to wont well under pressure. Case load is high 
quality and the pi a sp ect s are excellent in this over expanding City 


Our dients, a medium practice in Lincoln's Inn are looting for a lawyer to 
assist a dynamic young partner in tbe company commercial department 
due to the rapid increase- in- high -profile City work now undertaken. 

enjoy autonomy but should also be able to relate weD to other mesnbetn of 
a team. Prospects are excellent 

LITIGATION To £16,000 

Our diem, a maim- City practice seeks a lawyer with up to 2 years pjgx. to 
join their busy litigation department. Someone with ambition, a proven 
academic background and Who qualified with a well respected London or 

nhy to excel in this top name firm. 

Claire Wiseman — Legal Division 
Gabriel Duffy House, 1 7 St Swith'ms Lane, 
-Cannon Street, London EC4N 8AL 
Tel: 01.623 4295 


Subflatfal pa cta taftattonj 
refleifiSj ncros onKwtexdkM 
ssteteo? «Bb vfnr to rariy part- 
mrehtL SHajr by anaDgninL 
Ptam cmct 'CV Ik 
Mr R.T1 twi. 9 ftrtnmt 
Hetford, Hots. SGU 

i a m a id a «’»i i»?iiit)a7 

Up to £20,000+ benefits 
South Kensington, Reading and Cambridge 


primarfiy to design, build and support components ofom- advanced Integrated 

Project Support Environment (IPSE). 

If you have had several years experience of major software projects in a 

weUoi^amsedemnromn^prefebly using stractured or &nnaltedmknies. 

then you would be ideaUy suited to our needs. 

If you have less eiqjerience, but have real aptitude and a disaplined 
approach to the process of software development, we have a small number 
of vacancies at a more junior leveL - \ .. 

Vfe oflfet all suitable applicants a generous benefits package as well a&a 
congenial and creative working environment, 

1ST enje^dose worljngrelatipns witii several piestigioiislJK! umvertitv 

computer science departments. .*■. 

If you would like to arrange an interview, or find ouf more about these 
vacancies, please telephone Say Often on (01) 581 8155duringofi5cehonis. 
or at home on (01) 485 7 559 up to 10pm. Alternatively 5 : send your CV auda 

brief summary of your caieerambitions directly to Ofifen at the address 






technology ITD 

60 Albert Court 
Prince Ccattort Road 
TH: 01-581 8155 




• v. S' 

6-00 Ceetax AM. 

6^0 Breakfast Time with Nick 
Ross and Debbte 

SSS3M?"* 1 

national and international 
7^7 Jo, 8J», 

Advice Line at 742, 
tofe^approidmatBly an 
ftotr later by the adutt 
version; and a review of 
tne morning newspapers 
Sus, gar^b^ 5 
advice from Alan 

940 Ceefax 1040 Play 

Schooler) 1040 Ceefax. 
1240 News After NoonvrfQi 
Richard WWtmore and 
Frances Coverdale, 

includes news headlines 
with subtitles 12.55 
Regional news and 

1*0Q Pebble WB at Orb. The 
guests include 
photographer Allan 
Warren who is Itie first 
person to have 

dukes of Britain and 
Ireland. In adcfitibn, artist 
Ashley Jackson gives a 

masterclass to 

.. accomplished amateur 
painter, Val Doordcan. 

1.45 Chocfc-a-Block. (r) 

2.00 The Cheltenham FestivaL 
Jufian WUson introduces 
coverage of four races 
from the first day of the 
prestigious meeting -the 
watenord Crystal 
Supreme Novices' Hurdle 
(2. 151; the Arkte Challenge 
Trophy Steeplechase 
(240); the Waterford 
Crystal Champion Hurdle 
Challenge Trophy (3.30) . 
The 4.05 race es on BBC 2. 
342 Regional news. 

345 Postman Pat (r) 4.10 
Laurel and Hardy. 

Cartoon 4.15 Ja ckan ory. 
William Rushton with part 
two of AAMflne's, Winnie 
the Pooh (r) 440 
Ba nana roan. 

445 Drink ft_Do HL A new 
series, presented by 
Johnny Ball, about fobs in 
the future. 

540 Ne wai o un d with Roger 

Firm 5.10 Grange wL 
Episode 1 9 and Roland 
has trouble waking up. 

545 Rolf Harcis Cartoon Time. 
The first of a new series. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawley and 
Andrew Harvey. Weamer. 

645 London Plus. 

7.00 Holiday, Introduced by 
Cliff Michelmore. John 
Carter reports from India; 
Anne Gregg from 
Gibraltar and Bill Buckley 
on an activity holiday 
based at a Victorian 
stately home near 

740 EastEnders Pete and 
Pauline think that 
everybody has forg o t ten 
their birthday celebrations 
-but there Is a surprise in 
store for Owm both. 
(Ceetax) ■ 

840 One By One. Ambrose ' 
Bartow, the village -- - • 
eccentric, played by 
Jimmy Jewel, helps 
Donald Turner to identify 
the vandals who attacked 
the pub, churchyard, and 
Ethel's rose garden, (r) 

840 Points of View. 

940 A Party Political .. 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
the Liberal Party. 

945 News with JuSa SomervBe 
and John Humphrys. 


945 Hideaway- Episode five 
and Colin, having done a 
deal with the Dutchmen 
and Amie, returns to his 
family in the Peak District 
Buttnepoftcs discover his 
whereabouts and bring 
him in for questioning. 

the f3ms 

between the world 
, champion. Marvin Hagier, 
and the unbeaten 
. Ugandan, John Mugabi. 
Rom Caesar's palace, 
Las Veras. 

940 Boon- The odd-job man 
accepts a commission to 
•look after a collection of 

previewed by 
Norman are Ji 

and Young Sherlock 
Holmes and the Pyramid 
of Fear. 

1140 Halley’s Comet: Die 

Apparition. An up-dated 

version of the Horizon 
programme about the 
various probes to the 

1145 Weather 

1040 A Party Political 

Broadcast on behalf of Ihe 
Liberal Party. 

1045 News-Including part two 
of Colin Baker on the 

1045 F3ra: The Sword and the 
Sorcerer {1 982) starring 
Lee Horsley, Kathleen 
Boiler and Simon 

MacCorfcJndafe. Science 
fiction fantasy him about 
an evil being who 
overthrows a 

neighbouring kingdom and 
becomes its ruler. But one 
warrior escapes to lead a 
rebeilton. Directed by 
Albert Pyun. 

1245 Night Thoughts. . 

*■15 Good Morning Britain, 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 

Exercises at 640; news 

740, 8.00, 
840 and 940; sport at 
.' 6-35 and 744; regional 

report at 7.15; c»toon at - 
744; pop video at 744; 
ram renew at 844; Moya 
Doherty's reunions at 
- - v 8.45; and a tfiscussion on 

■ therare children's . 

f-2S Thames news heatfflnes. 

840 For Schools: the past 

present, and future. For 
the hearing impaired 940 
The natural history of the 

sea shore 1049 Working 

in a telephone exchange 

1046 German conver- 
sation for bearmers 10*48 
- The media's handflng of 
. , politics and how politicians 

use the box to their 
‘ advantage II.IODie role 
Of computers in everyday 
He 1147 Keeping sate 
11.44 The art of 
storytelling. ' 

1240 Button Moon. Puppet - 
adventures of the Spoon 

S HLIORataibow^r) 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin. 140 Thames news 
140 Return of the Saint - 

Simon Templar Is on the 
■trail of members of a Red 
ArmjrFactJon responsible 
for the death of Iks closest 

2.30 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on a topical matter 340 
Mouthtrap. Quiz game 
presented by Don 
Maclean. 345 Thames 
news headlines 340 The 
Young Doctors. 

440 Button Moon. A repeat of 
the p r ogramme shown at 
'noon 4.10 James the Cat 
440 The Wind in the 
Wfitows. Toad plans to 
modernise Toad HaR 
{Oracle) 445 Splash 
includes a game of Indoor 

5.15 Connec tio ns. Quiz game 
for teenagers. 

545 News 6Jw Themes news. 
645 Reporting London 

mdudes an investigation 
into why the Government's 
plans to raise £1 bBton by 
selling off the Thames 
Water Authority may 
flounder. A rebel Water 
Board member faces the 
sack by outlining Iris 
objections to the sale. 

Phis, a profile of the new 
director of the Science 
Museum. Dr Ned Cossons 

7.00 Emmerdaie Farm. Alan 
Turner suspects a 
• conspiracy when Jack 
Sugden does a deal WRh 
Karen Moore.' 

740 Busman’s Hofiday. Jufian 
- Pettifer presents another 
three teams hopmg to win 
an afl-expenses paid 
hofiday.The co mpeti to r s 
this evening include a trio 
' of probation officers from 
- Kent and three de par t ment 
store managers from 
EdinburgMOrade) • 

840 World Boxing . 

- Championship. A - - 

6.55 Open University: Science- 
Drifting Continents. Ends 

at 740. 

940 Ceefax. 

940 Daytime on TWo: for the 
moderately mentally- 
handicapped young adult 
945 Spanish conversation 
942 Maths: volume and 
capacity 10.15 Another 
chapter from The Boy 
From Space, by Richard 
Carpenter 1048 The 
Japanese economy 1140 
How people travelled in 
theearty partofthe 
century 11.17 Walras 
1149 Science: metals and 
plastics 1240 A profile of 
a French country pnest 
1240 Lesson 19 of a 
German conversation 
course 1245 Ceefax 140 
French conversation 148 
A day at the seaside 2.00 
For four- and-five year 
olds 2.15 History: Mary 
dueen of Scots 240 
Science: the stars. 

340 Ceefax. 

340 The Cheltenham Festival 
(continued from BBC 1) 
The Waterford Crystal 
Stayers' Hurcfie Race 


545 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

540 The Grain Train. Pete 
Morgan continues his 
cruise by barge and boat 
along the ancient 
waterways of Britain, (first 
shown on BBC North) 

640 No Limits. Jenny Powell 
and Tony Baker visit Hull 
where they marvel at the 
Humber Bridge; visit an 
unusual Gent s 
convenience: and 
experience the Spurn 
point fife-boat 

640 Jorti Jones. Episode three 
and the chikfren of 

- Liverpool are evacuated to 
North Wales. 

745 Cartoon Two. Sea Dream 

740 %e Money Makers. 

Robert Anderson, the . 
largest private landowner 
in the United States and 
an ofl tycoon, talks to 
David Lomax at tvs ranch 
in NewMexico and his Los 
Angeles penthouse office 

840 South East Reports, 
presented tty Jeremy 

- Faxman. Richard Bath 
reports on the debate over 
plans to build a new 
country town in Essex. 

840 Worid feafiards. The final 
of toe Monarftox Worjd 
Professional Bilfiards 

940 I/Ctaudfus. Episode nine 
and the celebrated 
courtesan Messafina is 
■ given in marriage by 
Cafiguia to a delighted 
Claudius, (r) 

945 Arena: Two Painters 
Amazed. A profile of the 

• two young artists who 
have put Scottish painting 
back on the international 
map -Stephen Campbell 
and Adrian WlwnlewvM. 

10.45 A Party Political 

- Broadcast on behalf of the 
Lfoeral Party. 

1040 Nawsmteit includes 

Charles wheeler 

Interviewing the former 
German Chancellor, Wiffi 
Brandt 1145 Weather. 

11*40 The Cheltenham Festival. 
Highlictfits of the first day’s 
' racing. • • 

1240 Opan University: 

Education - Who'B Be 
Mother? Ends at 1240 

society girl whose 
' stepsister comes to her 
assistance after a 
newspaper reports that 
she is consorting with 
underworld characters. 
Directed by WBliam 

3.45 Years Ahead. This week s 
edition of the magazine 
programme for the older 
viewer presented by 
Robert Doug aff includes a 

Robert DougaH includes a 
review of the Ideal Home 
■ Exhibition, looking at 
- homes designed tor 
retirement. Other items 
indude an investigation 
into the nutritional value of 
meals on wheels; and 
Elsie Waters remimscing 
about her days in 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Tony Clarke, an 
auctioneer from Sheffield. 

540 Bewitched. Advertising 
man, Darrin, gives a dient 
the impression that he 
adores his mother-in-law. 

540 More Than Meets the Eye. 
Part three of tne series on 
flowers and flower 
arranging examines 
Ikebana, the Japanese art 
of flower arranging. Three 
experts on the subject 
demonstrate their 

640 Pop the Question. Pop 
music nostalgia quiz. The 
team captains. David 
Hamilton and Chris 
Tarrant, are joined by Sue 
Cook, Stan Boardman, 
Stephanie de Sykes and 
GerWd Kenny. 

640 Danger Man' While on 
holiday on the French 
Riviera. Drake spots a 
known assassin. He 
impersonates the man and 
is commissioned to 
eliminate a target But who 
is the intended victim? 

7.00 Channel Four news 
includes a report by Anne 
Perkins on how the ■ 
abofishment of the GLC 
will affect jobs and the 
future of small grant aided 

740 Com m e n t With her views 
on a matter of topical 
r importance is Alison 
Kenny, a community arts 
• __ worker. W eather. 

840 Brookskfe. Terry has a 
twinkle si his eye after 
spending the night with 
Vicki; and Bobby finds his 
house taken over in 
furtherance of Sheila’s 

840 4 What It's Worth. John 
Stoneboro ugh investigates 
a computer software rip- 
off; and has a special 
warning for cre(St-card 
holders; David Stafford 
discovers the Which? 
best-tasting teas; and Bill 
Breckon investigates why 

14,000 artificial Tjmb users 
are suffering 

940 Fflm: The Comic (1969) 
starring Dick Van Dyke 
and Mick By Rooney. The 
story-of the decline of a 
slapstick star of the silent 
screen at the advent of 
talkies. With Michele Lee 
and Cornel Wilde. Directed 
by. Carl Reiner. 

1(L45 Die Tube. A repeat of 
Friday's edition which 
featured, amongst others. 
The Cramps and Roxy 
Music. Ends at 12.15 

On long wave. For VHF, see aid of 

Radio 4. 

545 Slipping Forecast. 6.00 
News Briefing. Weather. 

6.10 Farming Today. 645 
Prayer for the Day (s). 

640 Today, including 640, 

740, 840 News. 6.45 
Business News. 645, 745 
Weather. 7.00, 8.00 
News. 740 Your Letters. 

745. 845 Sport 7.45 
Thought of the Day. 845 
Yesterday in Parliament 
847 Weather. Travel. 

9.00 News. 

S.05 Tuesday Call: 01-580 
441 1. An opportunrty for 
listeners to express their 
views and question 
experts on the subject of 

1040 News. From our own 

correspondent. Life and 
politics a broad. reported by 
BBC foreign 

1040 Morning Story: Titania 
Has Mumps by Dee 
Holliday. Read by Dee 

10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, page 25) (s). 

11.00 News: Travel; Thirty- 
Minute Theatre: a 
C lassical Education by L A 
Barlow. With Carole 
Boyd as the schoolteacher 
who suddenly faces a 
challenge (s). 

1143 The Living World. 

Spaces, and other crops, 
and the parts of the world 
they come from. 

1240 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Pattie CokJweU. 

1247 My Word! Panel game 
with Dilys Powell and 
Frank Muir challenging 
Antonia Fraser ana 
Dents Norden (s). 1245 
Weather: Travel. 

140 The World at One: News. 

140 The Archers. 145 
Shipping Forecast. 

240 News; V Voman's Hour. 

Includes a guide to losing 
weight after a waiter of over- 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Still Life by Tony 
McHaie. With Trevor Nichols 
and Avril Clarke. A 
marriage comes up for 
drastic reappraisal (s). 

400 News. 

545 Communities in Crisis. 
Margaret Percy looks at 
how Shetland islanders 
confr o nted the oil 
industry in 1971. 

440 Kaleidoscope- A second 

chance to hear last 
night's edition (s). 

540 PM: New magazine. 540 
Shipping Forecast. 545 

640 The Six O'Ctock News: 

Financial Report 

640 Oh Yes It Is! (s). The last 
pan of this seven-part 
history of pantsmne, 
narrated tty Richard 
Bners: All Together Now 

7.00 News. 

7.05 The Archers. 

740 File on 4 Can people 
power bring democracy 
to the Philippines? A report 
from.Roisin McAuley. 

840 Medicine Now. Georf 
Watts investigates the 
health of medical care. 

840 The Tuesday Feature: A 
Labour of Love. A 
portrait of Alice Bacon who. 
tor over 40 years, has 
represented the Labour 
movement in Parliament 

9.00 In Touch. News, views, 
and information for 
people with a visual 

940 Persona Grata. Jeanine 
McMullen talks about 
• three of her favourite 
characters from fiction. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Wrtn 
Michael Oliver. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Bengal Lancer, the 
autobiography of Francis 
Yeats Brown (7). Read 

by Tim Pigott-Smrth. 1049 

1040 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Today in Parbament 
1240 News; Weather. 1243 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 545- 
S-OOam Weather; Travel. 1140- 

12.00 For Schools: 1 1.00 Time and 
Tune (s). 1140 Time to Move. 

11.40 Musicianship: Early Stages 
(s). 145-3. 00pm For Schools: 

145 Listening Comer. 245 History: 
Not So Long Ago. 245 Contact 
240 Pictures in Your Mind 
(Stories). 540-545 PM 
(continued). 11 40-1 2.1 0am Open 
University. 1140 Open Forum: 
Student's Magazine. 1140 Origins 
of the Nation State. 1240-1.10 
Schools Night-Time Broadcasting: 
Help Yourself to Mathematics 
Unit 2. 

Strauss ( Die Fledennaus 
overture), Mendelssohn 
(Symphony No 10). 

Weber ( Clarinet Concerto 
No 2 in E flat Thea Kmg 
andtheLSO), Johann 
Strauss (Wiener Gamut 
waltz). 840 News 

845 Morning Concert 

rcontinuadJAmotd (Tam 
' O'Shanter overture). 
Khachaturian (Violin 
Concerto: Perlman with the 
Israel PO). Sibelius 
(Finlandia, tone poem). 940 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Vivaldi. Concerto funebre 
in B flat, RV 579: 1 Solieti 
Veneti), the Response: 
Domna ad adiuvandum me. 
RV 593: Margaret 
Marshall, soprano). Concerto 
in D major . R V 581 : 1 
Solisti Veneti), Psalm 113, 
RV602: Margaret 
Marshall, ana Felicity Lett 

1040 The Part Song 

Repertory: Shakespeare 
songs by Liza Lehmann and 
G A Macfarren. BBC 

1040 Debussy Orchestrated: 
Berceuse heroique 
(orchestrated by Debussy), 

Joufoux, orchestrated by 
Caplet; Danse, Tarantella 
Sty nerme, orchestrated by 

11.15 Paul Esswoodt recital by 
the counter-tenor. 

Includes works by Dowland. 
Benedetto Marcello. 

Edmund Hooper. John Bull, 
Purcell and Ame (Jenny) 

12.10 Midday Concert BBC 
Welsh SO (under Owain 
Arwel Hughes). With 
Christian slackshew 
(piano).Part one. Britten 
(Simple Symphony), 
Beethoven (Piano Concerto 
No 4). 140 News 

1.05 Concert part two. 

Sibelius (Symphony No 
2 ) 

1.55 Guitar Encores: William 
Waters plays works by 
Sor(Gran solo, Op 14). 

Tunna (Fantasia: 

SevHlana). and Arthur WDis 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. For VHF 
variations, see end of Radio 3. 

645 News. 7.00 Weather 
745 Morning Concert Johann • 

2.25 Cricket Fourth day of the 
Second Test between 
England and West Indies. 
Until 7.15 on medium 
wave only 

740 BBC PtWiarmomc 
Orchestra (under 
Downes). With Lynn 
HarrelKceflo).Part one. 
Strauss (Don Quixote 
symphonic poem). With 
Robert Tear, tenor 

8.15 Buying Time: Marcella 
Riordan reads the short 
story by Helen Lucy Burke 
845 Concert part two. 

Richard Rodney Bennett 
(Love Songs: first . 
performance). Respighi 
(Pines of Rome) 

9.35 A Changeable Report 
Paul Scofield performs 
the soliloquy by Gabriel 

10.00 Magnum Opus: 

introduced by Charles 
Fox. Dave Holland's Double 
vision: First snow: 

Shadow dance. And See- 
saw, and Jumpin' in 
11.57 News. 1240 News 
VHF only: 645am to 645. Open 
University. Art Impressionist 
Exhibition. 245 Chicago SO 
(under Michael Tlison 

Stravmskymie , F^iro^4.00 ^eter 
Waiiftsch: piano recital. Bach 
(Prelude and Fugue ui A 
minor Book 2, Welt-tempered 
Clavier). Schumann (Seven 

' Fuqhettas. Op 126), 

Mendelssohn (Sonata in E. Op 6). 
445 News. 540 Mainly tor 
Pleasure: with Bnan Kay. 640 
Sacrae Can tones: Westminster 
Cathedral Choir. 7.00 Equals 
Brass. Ellis fTrymq lo fathom 
the paradox). Shipley (Rite oi 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. News on the 
hour. Headlines 5.20am, 640pm, 
740 and 840. Cricket Second 

440am Colin Berry (s). 640 
Ray Moore (s). 8.05 Ken Eruce (sj. 
1040 Jimmy Young including 
medical questions answered by Dr 
Bill Dolman (s). 145pm David 
Jacobs (SV 240 Gloria Hunnilord 
including Racing from 
Cheltenham: 240 £30.000 Arkle 
Challenge Trophy, 340 £60,000 
Waterford Crystal Champion 
Hurdle ChaWenra Trophy (s). 

345 Muse All The Way (sj. 440 
David Hamilton (s). 640 John 
Dunn (s). 840 Old Stagers: 

Gertrude Lawrence (sj. 840 
The Golden Years (AJan Keith) (s). 
940 BBC Radio Orchestra (s). 

9.55 Sports Desk. 1040 The Law 
Game. Shaw Taylor asks Barry 
Took. Patricia Hodge and Steve 
Jones to give their verdict on 
some rncky law cases. 10.30 
Dealing with Daniels with Paul 
Daniels. John J unkin. Armska Rice 
and Duggle Brown. 11.00 Bnan 
Matthew presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from midnight). 140am 
Peter Dtckson presents Nightnde 
(s). 340-440 A Little Night 
Music (s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF, see 
end of Radio 1. News on the half- 
hour from 6.30am until 940pm 
and at 12.0 midnight. 

6.00am Adrian John 740 Mike 
Read 940 Simon Bates 1240pm 
NewsbeaUJanet T rewin) 1245 
Simon Mayo 349 Steve Wnght 540 
Newsbeat (Janet Trewm) 5.45 
Bruno Brookes(incL at 6.30. a 
review of the new Top 40 
'singles chart) 740 Janice Lonq. 
inef. at 9.00 John Walter's Diary 
10. 00-1 ZD0 John Peel(s). VHF 
RADIOS 1 & 2 4.00am As Radio 
2 1040 As Radio 1 1240-4 ,03am 
As Radio 2. 


6.00 Newsdesk 7.00 News 749 Twenty 

icordng of the Week 
Engfcsh Song 3.00 
» A JoBy Good Show 

6.00 Newsdesk 7.00 News 749 Twenty 
Four Hours 7-30 My Country in MmO 7.45 
Network UK S40 News 849 Reflections 
840 The Muse of Richard Rodney 
Bennett 9.00 News 949 Review of the 
British Press 9.15 The World Today 940 
Financial News 9-«0 Look Ahead 9.45 
What's New 1040 News 10. CM Discovery 
1040 Pride and Preiutfce 1140 News 
1149 News About attain 11.15 Wave- 

a ixde ii-25 Letter tram Scotland 1240 
ado Newsreel 12.15 The World's Most 
Successful Virus 1245 Sports Roundup 
1.00 News 149 Twenty Four Hours 140 
Network UK 1.45 Record nq of the Week 
240 Outlook 245 Engfcgh Song 3.00 
Radio Newsreel 3.15 A Jody Good Show 
443 News 449 Coamentary 4.15 Omni- 
bus 4.45 The World Today 5.00 WnrM 
News 5.09 A Letter from Scotland 5.15 
Mention 840 News 8.09 Twenty Four 
Hours 9.15 Richard Rodney Bennett 1040 
News 1049 The World Today 1025 A 
Letter From Scotland 1040 Financial 
News 10.40 Reflections 1045 Sports 
Roundup 1140 News 11.08 Commentary 
11.15 the Classic Albums 11-30 The 
World's Most Successful Viras 1243 
News 1209 News About Britain 1215 
Radio Newsreel 1230 Omnibus 1.00 
News 141 Outlook 140 Report on 
Religion 1.45 Country Style 240 News 
249 Review of the Brthsh P.ess 215 The 
Music Business 230 Pnde and Preiutice 
340 News 349 News About Britan 215 
The World Today 343 Oscoverv 440 
Newsdesk 440 Waveguide 440 Book 
Choice 5.45 The World Today 
[AE times in GMT] 

uide 440 Book 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m: Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
92.5; Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1 1 52kHz/261 m; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; Worid Service MF 648kHz/463m. 


945-1005 Week in Week Out 1045- 
1140 Music from Northern Lends 
1155-1200 News4COTLANDrt 040*m- 
1040 Dotamen 64Spm-740 Report- 
big Scodand 1045-1140 The Mother 
Tonam 1155-1 ? W a rn Film 86 
1225-1240 weather .NORTHERN 
RELAND-545 pb-5l 40 Today's 
Sport 5404.00 fnskla Ulster 645-740 
Take One 1 1 55-1 200 News and 
(EAST oniy:)East on Two 645-740 
Regional news magazines. 

ROM 555-740m Open 

UnwersflyScienc siDrtttl ng 
Continents 940 Pages from CEEFAX 
940 Dmtriie on Two S40 Let's Go - Se- 
ries a Descubra Espana. 952 

Mathscora One: FW It Up 1216 Look and 
Reed. The Boy from Space 1048 
Japan: The Crowded Islands. Too Far, 
Too Fast? 1140 watch- Then and 
NowrTravef 11.17 Walrus.? 1149 Science 
Topes. 1200 Year of the French. 
1240pm Deutsch DirektiSeriee of pro- 
grammes tor begbmera m German 
1255 Pages from CEEFAX 140 Rendez- 
vous France: EcoiB .travail JamiBe 148 
Let’ s See. 20 You and Me. 215 History: 
The Tudors. 240 Exstonng Srienca: 

04 Pages from Ceefax X5Q Chelten- 

HtBJUtori 1 .17am-1 149 tester in Fo- 


140-240 County Practice 340-340 
Ctoestions 5.15-545 Sons and Daughters 
640 Charnel Report 645-740 
Crossroads 1040-1045 MUce Harris 
Band 1225 Closedown. 

SCOTTISH As London ex- 
toQc 1 ■ * IJ V cept 1240pm-i4p 
Gardening Tims 140-140 News 
340-440 Sons and Daughters 5.15-545 
Emmardale Farm *40 News and 
Scotland Today 645 Crossroads 740- 
740 Funny Y«j Should Say That 
1245 am Late GaH Closedown. 

UTU As London except 1 40pm 
n 1 * News 140-240 The Baron 640 
News 645-740 Crossroads 1245 

am Cto jie dow n 

HTV WAl FR As HTV west 

UliJXCtEH except 940an»- 

T\/C As London except 140pm 
1 V J News. 1-30-240 Country Practice 
340-340 Questions 515-545 Sons 
and Daughters 640 Coast to Coast 645 
Poice 5545-740 Crossroads. 

1225 am Company Ctosedwm. 

CENTRAL London except 
UCP* » riHL I2jttoa»-140 Garden- 
ing Time 140 News 14&230 Tues- 
day Playhouse. 640 Crossroads 645- 

740 News 1225am Closedown. 


Gardening Time. 140 News 140- 
230 Drama. 5.15-545 Emmerdate Fann. 
640 North Toragt*. 545 Crossroads 
740-740 Shammy Dab. 1245 am News. 


Fifty Fifty 440440 Sons and Daugh- 
ters 640 Lookmound 645-740 Cross- 
roads 1245 am News. Closedown. 

TQW ABLAndonaxC0 P t1u °P m ' 

-LSI! 140 WKRPm Cmonatti. 140 
News 140-230 Fifty Fitly 345440 
Sons and Daughters. 5.1S Gus Honeybim 
540-545 Crossroads 640 Today 
South West 645 Televiews. 640 
Emmerdaie Form. 740-€40 FuH Guy. 
1245 am PostscripL Ctoeedown. 
GRANADA As London ex- 

cept 140 pm Grana- 
da Reports- 140-240 Scarecrow 
and Mrs King. 340 That's Hollywood 345 
Granada Reports. 340-440 Sorts 
and Daughters. 640 Giansaa Reports 

640 This is Your Right. 645-740 
Crossroads. 104S F*n: Bordmtlne 
jChariesjEk onson). t23S am 

All. 140 News 140-230 The Baron 
340-340 Three Little Words 5.15-545 
Emmerdaie Farm 640 Atxxrt Anglia 
645 Crossroads. 740-740 Mmd^ Your 
Language. 1425am Tuesday Tope. 

C Starts: 140 ma Countdown. 
=2= 1.30 Atce 200 Hwnt Ac Yma. 
240 Ffaiabelam. 235 Hyn o Fyd. 

255 iraervai 3.00 Sea War 340 Shake- 
speam Lives 445 8ewitched. 445 
Hanner Awr Fawr. 540 Unfotwttspia. 
640 VMnston Chur chiU - The valiant 
Years 640 Crwydro r Oedrau. 6.45 Sioe 
Sterad 7.00 Newydriion Saith. 740 
Cefn (Mad. 840 Treasure Hunt 940 
Denm 10-00 lesu Ddoe Keddiw. 

1040 About Mea 1140 F*rr The Vam- 
pee Bat' 1240 am Di/Qosedown 
ULSTER As London except 
HfcSiES 140 pa LunchWTw 140- 
240 Poseidon Fkes. 340 Inooor gar- 
dening 3.45-4.00 Showcase. 6.00 Good 
Evening Ulster. 645 Diary Dates. 
645-740 Crossroads. 1225am 


Calendar Lunctme Live. 140 News. 
140-240 Ripnoe. 340-440 Country 
Pracnce. 640 Calendar 645-740 
Crossroads 12JteamClosidown. 

TYNE TEES AsUxxtonex- 
1 I cept 140 pro News 

and LookaroutKL 140 Sun.iv aL 200- 
240 Moutrnrap. 200-140 Bowts. 640 
Nortnem Lite. B. 35-740 Crossroads. 
1225 am God m Good Season. 

1 ^ 


StrvM-WJ. 499 6058 ROBERT 
.BATES Recent watercolours, 
bool 90 March. 


9048. First Call CC 240 7200 
■24 hrs 7 days* 

379 6433 A C.C. 24 hr 7 day 240 
7200 Grp Sam 9306123 E\es8 

t>« 8. Wed Mats 3. SOT 5 * 9.30 pm. Wed ma! 50. Sal 5 Oand 8 O 


-An exrularamw dgLjy or comic . WERE BRITISH 


Bob Larfcu'a aaw p tmt 


A Comedy by Ken Ludwio 
nrected by David CUmarr 
8 Man Wed 3.0 Sal 4.0 



HU Comedy by Richard Harris 
Dl reeled by lulu McKenzie 


Standard Drama Award 1984 

T Out -Had Uie audience yelling 
ror more" D Mail "MW surely 
lake the town., do NOW" D Trl 

-Roan ol approval- Timet “H’s 
going lo lao.laiuaii forever- Now. 



Prenews i ram April 22 
Firm Nigni May 7 
Teleptiom* credu boounds now 
arrepied on «37 7373. 437 20S5. 
734 8961 Fnl Call 24 Hr 7 Days 
CC Bookings 240 7200 Box office 
now open lor personal callers Grp 
Sam 930 6123. 


231 1 LAST 2 WEEKS E*w 7 45. 
Wed Mao. 2 30. Sab a 0 It 7 45 



From S April 


Eves Sam prompt 
Adrian MJImeU’s 


Prom 10 April 













Res 8.0. Mala Wed 3.0 
sat 50 8 8.30 
Group S<M OlflM 6129 

JAN 1987 

Party Rain Available 

FO R TU M S CC 834 2238 9 741 
9999 Firw Can 2an r 7 day CC 
240 7200 Eve 8 Fn/£al £ A 0.40 


Laurence Otlitcr Award 1984 


By John Godber 
Ttonce "SPLENDID" a 1-1 
"Ora of me (imnird and least ore 
(enlioua play > you are ever qou>g 
Ot» " Ejcnlemcnt and hdartly. 
Remiaduig Ihe audience lo ctn 
and dew" S Trf - A JOY“ s Exn 


Dlrertrd by John Deader 
-Greeted with tumultous 
amMatne- Daily Expre» 
EitB 730 Sau 50 4 8 :s 
Wrd Mai* 30 
Group Sales Ot 950 6123 



Eigt 7 30 Mai Sal 2 30 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 3036 741 
9999. First CaU Mhr 7 day CC 
240 7200 Mon-Thu 6 Fn Sal 
5.40 A 8.10 




Tne mi mnurr by Hictiard Hams 
The bed mnurr ror i ears’ s Mil 
An unateshw winner-- S Cap 
■A thriller dim aneiw i: all ’ 
"SensaUonai" Time? --The mmi 
mgenioito mywy lo hate ap- 
peared m a decade" D Mail 



Datld MuimCs 


direned by B-il Bryden 

Pre Thomre Food 4 Drink 
CAR PARK next door 4Sp 
Oner NT tnows see Th 


9»1 rr Ol ttaO S 9 S 5 Fro 1 1 
wo* itnatni 

cem M'jucal EKDaiaoiiinj! 


COTTESLOE Ex»lM ■. heap 
seals days of per* all iheaires 
horn 10 am RESTAURANT .928 
Barfc-Jagci £2 Info O.U 0980 

Ol 405 OOT2 CC 379 mi;. Elm 
743 Tue a Sal 300 A 7 45 



Oh Bookimn 01-405 1567 nr 01 
930 6123 I Apply dailv lo Bn\ 
Ollne for relurmi 
appl. rations now beina aimilrd 
uni 1 1 August 30 

TS4 8961 rirsi Call 24 Hr 7 Day. 
CC Boa kino S3e Grp sales 
930 6123 



Opens 14 May at 7pm 
P«*d Piste Pr.AK'u^ from April Jg 



EMertamstM" S TH 

"A Cbnk ol nt fcmfl” D TH. 
-Dy namite " O Mad 
Now booking until Apul -2s 

<W) i... / Xu ] 





* * * * * 


Ban on 

by heads 




Many schools in England 
and Wales will close down for 
the lunch break on Thursday 
and children win be sent home 
as headteachers take their first 
national industrial action over 
lunchtime supervision ar- 

The National Association of 
Head Teachers, which has 
26,000 members who are 
heads and deputies, yesterday 
advised heads to take this 
action as pan of its campaign 
to secure a nationally - negoti- 
ated agreement on midday 
supervision. Parents were fac- 
ing informed yesterday 

The advice follows an 
NAHT ballot last month in 
which members voted by 60 to 
40 per cent to take a single day 
of industrial action. There 
were smaller majorities in 
favour of closing schools 
down at lunchtime for one day 
a week and for a whole week. 
The association's national 
council is meeting next week 
to give further consideration 
to the campaign. 

Mr David Hart general 
secretary of the NAHT, said: 
The NAHT intends to pursue 
the campaign until its objec- 
tive is achieved and until both 
central and local government 
change their present irrespon- 
sible and intransigent 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, has offered £40 mil- 
lion to local education au- 
thorities to pay for "senior 
supervisors”, who may or may 
not be teachers, to look after 
children at midday. Authori- 
ties are bidding for the money; 
some are excluding teachers 
from their schemes, and they 
are offering between £2 to £6 
an hour. 

The ‘greatest show on earth’ 

Chile blasts 

Santiago (Renter) — A 
bomb explosion cut the main 
oil pipeline between Santiago 
and the south of Chile and two 
people were injured in another 
bomb attack in the capital, 
police said. 

Huddersfield Choral Society’s choir master, Mr Brian Kay, with some of the officers and the choir, 

By Sally Brampton 

The Choral Society is to 
HnddersfieM what the Festi- 
val is to Edinburgh and the 
Fair is to Scarborough. 

The society is a timeless and 
Integral part of the town’s 
culture that has been trans- 
ported from the realism of 
provincial folklore into those 
of international celebrity. To 
be a member of the Hudders- 
field Choral Society is regard- 
ed locally as belonging to the 
greatest show on earth. 

It is recognized as demand- 
ing extremes of stamina, 
resiliance and dedication com- 
bined with the mandatory 
■Mpwl voice. Not for nothing 
is the society acclaimed as one 
of Britain’s top three choirs 
alongside The Royal Choral 
Society and Hie Bad Choir. 

Last Right the society cele- 
brated its 150th annimsary 
by performing its ritual reo- 

of the Messiah at the 
[Festival Hall before the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, 
it was merely one more notch 
in its remarkable history. 

Bora out of the region's 
vocal tradition of non-con- 
formist chapel and male voice 
choirs, and madrigal and glee 
dobs, the society grew from a 
series of informal musical 
a Brings in the homes of 
mnsidans, blossoming 
into a more solid creation 
when 16 of them met in the 
Ploagh Inn in Westgate in 
Jnne 1836. 

The original rales included 
the declaration *fm« mr twing e 
were to be held monthly on 
days felling “on or before the 
foil moon** in order to light the 
way of members wanting home 

along the banks of the canaL 

Membership fees of half a 
crown were to be made twice 
yearly and discipline was par- 

amoent with fines of three- 
pence for lateness of np to a 
qnarter of an hour ami six- 
pence for non-attendance, in - 
texicatioD or the nse of 
obscene or abusive language. 

The disdptme has mellowed 
only slightly ova the years 
and there is still a fierce 
determination to main tain 
standards among the choir’s 
32-stroog executive committee 
who fefce their responsibilities 
extremely serioasly. 

Husbands and wives are 
haniwui from meet- 

ings and even members have to 
get special penmsskm to at- 
tend rehearsals. The society’s 
rife -president, Mr Richard 
Barradoogh, recently had his 
knuckles rapped for tinning 
np to sing in a concert withont 
wearing his 25-year service 

. The members ayoy nothing 
better an overmght stay, 

which means an opportunity to 
air their rep er to ir e hi the hotel 
bar nutil the early hoars of the 

The 230-strong choir have 
to attend at least two-thirds of 
the Friday night rehearsals 

The choir’s permanent coo- 
doctors have inducted the 
cream of the profession. Sir 
Malcolm Sargent held the 
post for 35 years until his 
death in 1967. Today Owain 
Arwd Hughes wields the prin- 

Singer, Brian Say, as 
chorus master. 

As for joining the choir, 
competition is stiff among the 
musical community of this 
Last of die Summer Wine area 
of the Peak District At a 
recent meeting of the vocal 
sab-committee, only one out of 
wght candidates received the 
committee's stamp of approv- 

The choir's former conductor. Sir Malcolm Sargent (above centre left) and Sir William Walton with Herbert Baidgett (left) 

ia performance in 1961; and an 1843 committee meeting at the Cherry Tree Inn. 

and G D A Haywood (right) at the Gloria 

Third more 

space for 
the Gty 

By Judith Huntley 

The Corporation of the Gty of 
London is to allow another 20 
mflfion sq ft of offices to be built 
in the Square M3e. 

Tins increases by ahnoa a 
third the existing fioorepace to 
meet the demands of the con- 
glomerates fining up ahead of 

m _ J l-i! -TiLa iwuraMnl 

markets ia October. 

The corporation unveiled foe 
drastically amended draft plan 

yesterday which wiR receive full 
approval on Thursday. 

The new draft is a compkte 
reversal of the Corporation's 
previous version winch was 
heavily criticized for not taking 
account oftfae need to maintain 
the dry's rote as an internation- 
al finanrial CCDfitThe mOSt 
rignifiranl diangp, from the 
developers’ point of view, which 
accounts for 20 pa - cent of the 
incre ase in offices, fcthe amount 
of building allowed on a ate. 

The [tot ratio, as it is called, 
has bera increased loan average 
of 5.87 to 1 across tbe whole of 
the City from its current level of 
about 5 to l.This wiS result in 
much larger ■ office, buildings 
which are demanded by the 
recent spate of banking and 
broking mogera, bring buOl on 
the fringes of the Square M3e. 
But the Gty Corporation is 

are hint tn its domain and 
conservation areas will be main- 
tained although they wffi not be 
extended to adjoining areas. 

The Corporation deni es tha t 
its change in policy, away from a 
conservationist and small-scale 
development plan, has anything 
to do with the 10 miBion sq ft of 
offices planned in London’s 
Docklands at Canary Wharf 
The revisions to the plan were 
well under way before that 
hpf»rrv» a possibility, according 
to Mr Michael Cassidy, the 
chair man of the Corporati on’ s 

planning m mmittB e. 

But the Corporation is object- 
ing to plana to extend the 
Docklands Tight Railway from 
Canary Wharf in the Isle of 
Dogs to the Bank underground 
station. That plan has now been 
altered after London Regional 
Transport raised otgections be- 
cause of the congestion it would 
cause. The new proposal would 
tnltp passengers under King 
William Street 

'• , . vr ;: t r * /.'• -v - ■ y>.'' 


Today's events 

Royal engagements 

Toe Prince of Wales, cm 
behalf of the Queen, holds an 
Investiture at Buckingham Pal- 
ace. II; he visits The Purcell 
School. Mount Park Road. Har- 
row on the Hill. Middlesex, 3; 
and later as Patron, gives a 
reception for members of the 
Joint Services Expedition U> 
Brabant Island Antarctica at 
Kensington Palace, W8, 6.45. 

The Princess of Wales < 

St Mary's Day Centre, B; 
Surrey, 10.45. 

Princess Anne, President of 
the British Knitting and noth- 
ing Export Council visits GB 
Clothing Company. Castle-ford. 
W Yorkshire. 11.10; then as 
Patron of the Riding for the 
Disabled Association, visits the 
Siockeld Park group, Stockeld 
Part. Wetherby, N Yorkshire, 1; 
later as Senior Warden of the 
Worshipful Company of 

Carmen, she attends the Livery 
Banquet at the Mansion House, 
London 6.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
North Manchester General Hos- 
pital 1.15; and then the Victoria 
Park Probation/Comm unity 
Day Centre, Lain don Road, 
Manchester, 3.10; and later 
Moss Side Youth Training 
Workshop, 232 Claremont 
Road. Manchester. 4. 1 5. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
President of The National 
Children's Home, visits Family 
Centres in Birkenhead. Wirral 
Lancs. 2; and Bury, Greater 
Manchester. 4. 

New exhibitions 

Die trick Kaufinann, print- 

ings. posters and graphics; Mam 
Foyer, South Bank SEI; Sun to 
Sat 10 to 10 (ends April 6). 

New Contemporaries 86, 
showcase of work from over 100 
students and recent graduates; 
ICA. Nash House, The Mail 
SWi; Mon to Sat 12 to 9 fends 
April 6). 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,990 


I It's undisguised anger, by 
gum! (12). 

8 Persian princess captured by 
Scot (7). 

9 Troublesome as MEP, is 
producing deadlock (7). 

XI Improves appearance at the 


12 Governor with an old party 
is not to cut short the audi- 
ence (4,3). 

13 On the stage Owen takes 
breathers (5). 

14 Tight cord with ten parts 
twisted (9). 

16 A spell of gymnastic ex- 
ercise for county team, say 

19 A slab of this sort would, we 
hear, float (5). 

21 Attack a sailor in speech (71 

23 “See ’ere" said Jack on his 
own (7). 

24 impression produced by 
iker? (7). 

bookmaker? (1 

25 Briefly popular drink (2^). 

26 The way Nash planned 
Prinny’s party, so it's said 


4 No sound from the horse’s 
mouth (5). 

5 Account for the old harbour 
board's Northern Ireland 
turnover (7). 

6 Heart-throb crept away 
from steam yacht (7). 

7 Bad language produced by 
ranking followed by stage- 
management ( 1 2). 

]Q Accommodation offered by 
these (for instance) New 
Yoris spies? (6,6). 

15 He follows the form-book 
religiously (9). 

17 Feel lack of a heater, per- 
haps? Don't go off (7). 

18 Learned rile due for re- 
vision (7)l 

19 Cash that’s needed for the 
dub (7). 

20 Watchman’s prospect in his 
own affair (4-3). 

22 Doctrine that may be taken 
both ways (5). 

Solution to puzzle No 16^89 

2 Season for goodwill takes in 
start of Lent (71 

2 Alternative nominations — 
replacing Elias as an exam- 
ple (7)- 

3 Supporters in the house — 
for the Royal Mail? (4-5). 



kins; Gimpel Fils, 30 Davies St. 
Wl; Mon to Fri 9 JO to 5.30, Sat 
10 to 1 (ends April 12). 

Impressionist Drawing; 
McAIpine Gallery, Ashmolean 
Museum. Oxford; Tues to Sat 
10 to A Sod 2 to 4 (ends April 


Concert by Evan Parker (sax) 
and the Orchestra of Lights. The 
Race, 17 Duke’s Rood, WC1, 
8 . 00 . 

Organ Recital by Michael 
Hams; Leeds Town Hall, Leeds, 

. Concert by the Altegn String 
Quartet (Beethoven); Queen 
Elizabeth Hall, South Bank, 
SEI. 1.10. 

Concert by the Brompion 
Choral Society, the St John 
Passion (Bach) in English; 
Queen Elizabeth Hall, South 
Bank. SEI, 7.45. 

Organ recital by Catherine 
Ennis; St Lawrence Jewry. 
Guildhall EC2, 1pm. 

Concert by Royal Academy of 
Music Sinfonia; Bisbopsgate 
Hall EC2, 1.05. 

Violin Recital by Benjamin 
Cruft St Vedast Foster Lane, 
EC2, 1.10. 

Concert by The City of Lon- 
don Sinfonia, The Four Seasons; 
The Chaucer Theatre, The 
Sedgwick Centre, El. 6.45. 

Concert by the Peterborough 
String Orchestra; Sam Newsom 
Centre, South St. Boston, 7.30. 

Concert by Northern Sinfo- 
nia. Bach. Mozart and Martin; 
Ripon Cathedral 7 JO. 

Recital by Michael Almond 

(piano) and Joyce Owen (so- 
prano); Peel Hall University of 
Salford. 12J5. 

Organ recital by Dr William 
Cole (Bach); The Queen's Cha- 
pel of the Savoy, Savoy Hill 

Recital by Matthew 
Beciscben. Bach. Britten and 
Dupre; Bristol Cathedral, 1.15 

Organ recital by Thomas 
Trouer. St James' Hill Sntton 
CoMfieU, 7.30 

Concert by the Leicestershire 
Schools Chamber Orchestra; 
Royal Academy of Music, 
Marylebone Rd, NW1. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Ian Bednall; 
St Saviour's Church, Walton St, 
SW3, l. 

Talks and lectures 

The future of Africa and the 
role of the African Development 
Bank, by Mr M Babacar 
N'Diayr. 1.15; Forests at the 
edge. The final days of the 
temperate rainforests, by Mr 
Brian Johnson and Dr Stephen 

King; The Royal Common- 

wealth Society. Northumber- 
land Avenue, WC2, 6.30. 

52nd Master Mind Lecture, 
Dr Anthony Kenny on Wyclifi 
Lecture Hall British Academy, 
20-21 Cornwall Terrace, NWi, 

William Strudwick. A Vic- 
torian Photographer by Jim Cox 
and Brian Bloice: John Harvard 
Libra rv Hall Borough High Si 
SEI, 7 JO. 

On to the Revolution - An- 
drew Kiric on Marx; The Lon- 
don Institute. St Peter’s Church, 
Vcre Si Wl. 1.10. 

The Story of the Edinburgh 
Press by Haxnish CoghilL; Wil- 
liam Robertson Building, 
George Sq. Edinburgh, 7. 1 5. 

In Search of Jane Austen 
(slide presentation); British Li- 
brary Galleries, Great Russell 
Si WC1 II. 


62nd Chelsea Antiques Fair. 
Chelsea Old Town Hall King’s 
Rd. SW3, 1 1 to 7 JO, Mon to Sal 
(ends March 22). 

TV top ten 

National lop ten te tavtaio n p ro gransnBB I 

file weak ectfng 2 March 88 : 


1 EaslEndera (Tue/Sun) 24.35m 

2 EastEnders fThu/Stn) 23.70m 

3 Hancock’s Hatf Hour 1355m 

4 Crimwwtch UK 1340m 


7 EBuabefl 1360m 

8 News and Waatfiar (Sun 21:07) 

9 Dear Jota 1230m 
10 Mastermind llJ5m 


1 Coronation Street (Men) Granada 

2 Coronation Street (Wad) Granada 

3 Surprise, Saprisa LWT 1550m 

4 WISH You Ware Hare (Mon- 
WedTmames 14.6»n 

5 TV Times Top 10 Aw ar ds Thanes 

6 This to Your LH» Thames 1320m 

7 Emmerdalo Fmrn (Tue) Yorkshire 

8 Aul Wtedareehan Pat CantraM 370m 

9 crossroads (Wed) Central I3£5m 
) Thames 

10 AB At No 90 

1 135ttn 

BBC 2 

1 Yes Prime MHeter 

2 Hotel Du Lac 6j05m 

3 MaSH 590m 

4 Star TVak 445m 

5 SM Sunday 450m 

6 Food and Drink 


7 Vanr rsfarxJ 4.05m 

8 Boo M 

Monkhouse Show 4.00m 

9 Zehrafei the KBchen 395m 

10 Comrade Dad/Discovering Animals 


ride fTm/Sat) 655m 
2 Treasure Hbn! 6.35m 


3 Brooksafel 

4 Richard's 1 

5 Countdown (Ffl) 4.75m 

6 Time Bandits «50n 

7 Wematioral Snooker (Fri) 4toro 
3 The BuBsbaenf 4.10m 

Countdown (Thi 4.10m 
Coirtttown nue) 4.1 Ota 

Broadcasters’ Audence Research Board. 


Births; Torquato Tasso, poel 
Sorrento, Italy, 1544; Sir Mal- 
colm Campbell holder of speed 
records on land and water, 
Chislehursi Kent. 1885. 

Deaths; Sir Alexander 
Mackenzie, explorer in North 
America. Mu lnain. Dunkeld, 
1820; Rolf BoUfrewood (pseud- 
onym of Thomas Browne), au- 

thor of Robbery under Arms. 
lie, 1915; Benjamin 


West painter. President of the 
Royal Academy 1792-1820, 
1820; Sir Alexander Fleming, 
bacteriologist, discoverer of 
penicillin, Nobel laureate 1945, 
London. 1955; Richard Byrd, 
aviator and Polar explorer, Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, 1957. 


TTm MUndm *4h Junction 18 
(A425/A5 Crick) N bound mdt and S board 
entry dosed. MS (Wwrt Mnda): 

Contraflow bet wen 

and 3 (Halesowen); 

tween junctions 4 and 5 
(Bromsyore/Droilwich), only one tone N N bound entry at ftmehon 5. 

Hh aid On West IBS lane 

closures on the N bound carriageway at 

Junction 25, Tatmtan, due to raoonstruo- 

ttan war*; A37ftMdmng war* In Boitoay 

Rd.De»on. t e mporary agnate and detaya. 

The N a t h. MS: Lana chnuraa due to 

rapsra b«w«en Junctions 31 and 32. 

Lancashire; MS: Resurtadna work in 8 

bound arorteasway batweanlractfans 16 

and 17. Chasrare, contraflow in operation, 

delays at peak times: Aim: Contraflow 

of Junction with AG8(M)S of 

ScoflamfcABa Land i pN n ja tour mfles 

N Spoan bridge, tmamesshire, temporary 

Sdns. 24 hours; AT * New carr ia ge wa y 

donees N of Le a meh e gow. Lvaruhlre. 

one lane each way on S bound cantage- 

way. delays Aft Stogie flne traffic at 
Haidane. Stirling dua to ““* — 
lengthy tafcacte. 

information ssppdad by AA 

Parliament today 

ConnaoBS: (2.30) Debate on 
EEC common policy on ship- 
ping; motions on Loral Govern- 
ment (Temporary Provisions) 
(Northern Ireland) Order and 
Appropriation (Northern Ire- 
land) Order. 

Lords: (2J0) Sex Discrimina- 
tion Bill, committee stage. 
Surrogacy Arrangements 
(Amendment) Bin, second read- 

The pound 







Bel g ium ft- 


Greece Dr 

7030 6630 

259 2,00 

12423 11-93 

7.77 1ST 

1047 8-S2 

341 323 

231 nn w w 

Hong Keng6 11^5 1UCB 

MtendPt 1.135 xan 

tody Lira 231000 219000 

J*P«n Yen 272XO 2SOOO 

NsdMftandaGid 343 364 

Norway Kr 1060 1025 

Portugal Ek 221 to 2l1to 

South Africa Rd 315 235 

SptenPto ZIZto 20200 

SwodenKr 1093 1038 

SwhzertendFr . 3*0 224 

USAS L50 143 

YugotoMaDnr 51000 65000 

Rates tor smafl denonta&on bank notes 
ortf a support by Bereteys Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
tfteguee vnti other foreign currency 

RateB Price tadax: 3707 
LnadyTheFT Index dosed damn 13 St 


Snow Reports 

Clear sMos,< 

St Anton 




L U Fte» 

50 145 good 



AlpeD'Huez 155 300 hard 

South facing slopes Icy in am 
Hama 110 300 good 

Icy on noun (adrej slopes 
ValThorens 18o 210 fair 

(cy patches on some slopes 


Gstaad 25 115 good 

Plentiful spring snow 
St Moritz 70 120 good 

North facing slopes good 
a Fee 100 240 


Spring snew on south facing slopes 
Wengen 40 106 fair 

Off -piste varied but good 
Zermatt 80 185 goo 

Good piste sking 

in the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Sci Club of Great 
Britain, L refers to tower stapes ana U to upper, and art to artificial. 


Off Runs to 

Piste resort 








































’ spring 










A ridge of high pressure 
will persist across SE 
Britain while frontal 
troughs approach the W. 

6 am to midnight 

MaMy dry wAh some awwNne aftte aariy 
to o — l and pattoy fog; wind variates 

•"SSSTSSP-h. e 

Wtflto Ida; Marty dry, wny periods after 
sariy tog: wind variable boronvng Sight; 
max tamp 9CMBFJ. 

Ctr— 6 tei an i i . MaMy cby. auranr 
Msrvafxwfhdvartetea Ugfiti max toopOC 

<4 Sfctete ^N— Simnytotefvtoi. 
etouefler fewrwtBi a iWo rain in piacas; 
Hina vartaDte wgrv Docofimq o rxxjriiib 
or fresh; — temp IX (50H. 

“ tea, mil ME B t fm d, Ltoa 
tela of Mam Sumy imoraata. 
jarwWt aome rain or arted g iwind 

_ tnuoasing iiiodarata or frssh, 

toe wy stro n g max lamp flC(46Q . 

dasrea— row, Monr ftS- 
land, Ortmsyr Bscoming cloudtor. 
outbreaks of rten from W; wind S 6ght 

increasing moderate or trash toctoy 

max temp 6C 




from W; wind s moderate or frateg 

increasing strong at Hmas; max tamp 


SE trash or stron® max temp SC 

Mwk for " 

Ctouter w«i minor drtate at times in the 

and W. Mostly dry w&h bright or sunny 

periods and overnight fog St SE Britti 

'empsratures anxmd nomad. 

325 am 5£8pm 

Mean rises Moensels 
7JH am 7.04pm 
First quarter Mach 18 

li ghting -op tune 

London 628 pm to SEZ am 

Bristol 338 pm to &02 am 
Edte b utto 6-37 pm a 6U7 am 
Manchester 6.76 pm to 302 am 

Pa w i ce 350 pm to 313 am 


Letter from Cairo 

“Where are you 
torch washed its light . 
the inside of tiw old taxi the 
pale, dosiy beam coming to 
rest on my foce. It was jiBi 
possible to make out the 
soldier's foce in the gloom 

outside. •• t 

* Sahafi - journalise I 
replied, and the torch 
snapped off: The foce in the 
darkness lit np m a -some: 
“No proWere ■— of conrae, 
you can go,** he said. “Wel- 
come to Egypt-” . 

After a while, you get used 
to this treatment. In any 
other Arab nation under at- 
tack from internal enemies, 
trying to suppress a mutiny 
among i» ' own security 
forces, the press - especially 
foreign correspondents — 
would be refused permission 
to enter, turned back at the 
airport, summarily deported 
if they twana y ! d to sneak, in 
on a tourist visa. 

It ma^yet come to that in 

Egypt. But for now, there 
actually is a government 
decree ordering me Egyptian 
Army to afford journalists 
protection at all times. The 
officers sometimes even sa- 

The soldiers grin sheepish- 
ly when you present them 
with the little white press card 
that the Ministry of Informa- 
tion issues freely to foreign 
correspondents. The Minis- 
try seems happfly to assume 
that every applicant is dedi- 
cated to truth, democracy, 
freedom and the con ti n n ed 
rule of President Hosai 

In their way, Egyptians 
seem proud of this. In die 
cavernous interior of the 
ministry bnilding, a crowded 
circular edifice that resembles 
in its arrintectore a sort of 
neo-stalinist Tower of Babd 
on the banks of the Nile, a 
government official shook. 
me warmly by die band. 

“You should go and see the 
damag e on the Pyramids 
Road/* he advised. “You’ve 
already seen it? Yes, Asyut is 
a good Idea— if you go down 
there, you may get interviews 
with radical students, and 
yon must folk to the president 
of the university. Take a 
•pillow on the train — it can be 
-very uncomfortable. Good 
luck.” v : 

-Of course, all things have 
their limits.’ U look the 
Government more, than a 
week to admit that more than. 
100 people had died in the. 
rioting — as. opposition po- 
pes had churned at the tune. 
Burnt least opposition jour- 
. nak had been able to make 
the allegation in the first 

The Army, too, has not 
always been dedicated, to 
freedom of mfonnatton,, 
When an officer found an 
American television crew 
filming, the surrenderor rebel 
policemen, scan© of them 
being forced to aawi foam 
their compound on their 
hands and knees, he snatched 
their film tape and ordered 
them from fire area. 

• Needless to say, press fitt* 
dom in Egypt is not entirely 
altruistic. The Americans are 
unlikely to' increase . their 
financial pud military tid 
t mfre* they can see with their 
own eyes how seriously 

Mubarak is threatened. 

Many Egyptians are proud 
that thdr country is less 
secretive than the Arab n a* 
irons which so savagely con- 
demned it at the time of the 
Gamp David agreement For 
all its chaos and economic 
collapse and its Mukdborrot 
secret police, Egypt is, a 
western-style democracy 
compared to Iraq or 'Syria or 
Libya. .* . . . : . .. 

- Aad yet— and these has to 
; be an “and yet** in Egypt - 
.the doors may start dosnfe 
the visas be less easfr^vaiP 
abk, if things get worse for 
Mifoarak’S government: The 
nrinjoas of poorinCairo may 
not apjpredate the sophistica- 
tion of a free press: freedom 
of information does not pro- 
duce bread or bmfet houses or 
pave streets. 

It was only last year that' 
the official media here lied 
outright m asserting that 
Egyptian troops had rescued 
all the passeng ers of the ' 
EgyptAir Boeing hnacked to 
Malta: in foct, 58 the - 
passengers were kfikd, most- 
ly by Egyptian ArmyJndfcts. 

If this sort of thing happens 
again, we will know r ihat 
Mubarak is in real trouble. - 

Robert Fisk 


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■ vi ■ r 

Around Britain 

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C F C F 

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t 745 to —— « c 848 

f 541 Janoy c 643 

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bul they route have your card and can 
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