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m 62,402 


IS morn 

to .the value of shares yester- 
day, as . the last obstacle to an 
early cut in interest rates was 
removed.. The Bank of En- 
gland released money figures 
good enough to permit the 
Chancellor tonudge bank base 
raies down feyoptoonc per 
cent, in support of a Budget 
next Tuesday that will prom- 
ise a sixth year of continuous 
economic growth and a fur- 
ther fell in inflation. 

Despite the prospect of 
lower interest rates, the pound 
scored all-round gains, adding 
0.7 to its- trade-weighted ’in- 
dex, giving grounds for hope 
that it has weathered the worst 
of the oil-price storm. Al- 
though caution is the watch- 
word ‘ until - after 1 next 
weekend’s meeting of the Or- 
ganization of Petroleum Ex- 
porting Countries, the 
Government is quietly confi- 
dent that it has succeeded in 
seeing off the attempt by Opec 
to force Britain to Ml in lifre 
and cut oil production. 

The Financial Times 30- 
share Index rose 212 points 
yesterday, to a record 1,326.8. 
The udder FT-SE 100-share 
index also jumped sharply, 
rising 24.9 to 1,597.1. These 
gains followed money figures 
for February showing a 1 per 
cent rise in sterling M3. 

Although this took the rise 
over the past year to 14% per 
cent, well above the 
Chancellor’s original target, 
the figures gave sufficient sign 
of a recent slowdown ' to 
convince the^City that a Cut in 

interest rates of at feast half a 
cent was now . possible, 
ioney market rales eased by 

aithoi^SS^ank of England 
may resist too rapidafaUm 
rates until after the weekend. 

Reassuring figures for ster- 
ling M3 were essential, be- 
cause the Chanceflar will be 
presenting a new target in the 
Budget as a r e affirm ation of 
his. commitment to “sound 
money". He is resurrecting 
sterling M3, for which this 
year’s target was abandoned 
last. autumn, to demonstrate 
the continuity of his financial. 

„ m 

win be essential 
_ ofl prices have 
eroded the 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 
M3 rises, page 21 
Stodmibet, page 23 

Chancellor’s revenues. Since 
he is determined not to in- 
crease taxes overall, and to ~ 
make modest reductions in 
income tax, he is likely, to 
allow a small rise in public - 
borrowing, above the target 
originally set for 1986-87 of 
only £7% billion. He must 
therefore show the City that 
the monetary side of . his 
strategy remains firm. 

However, this is' to. be a 
“prudent and cautions** Bud- 
get with big income tax cuts 
reserved for 1987. But the 
Chancellor wffl . -use the 
oportunixy to outline his tax 
strategy for the next five years, 
with tire aid of a grera paper 
on personal taxation propos- . 

- mg a radical shake-up of the 
tax treatment of married cou- 

: Other riemeuts of tire Bud- 
get are expected to include 

• New measures to boost the 
“enterprise culture” and in 
.particular to stimulate wider 
share owoership through in- 
creased tax incentives. . 

• Increases in excise duties, 
particularly on petrol, where 
the Chancellor may seize the 
oportunity to add more that 
the 5p on a gallon of petrol 
that would be justified by the 
general rise in prices since the 
Iasi election- Inis would help 

- him. to. recoup some of the 
£516 billion to £6 billion lost 
from foiling ofl prices. 

• Further reforms of the 
structure of National Insur- 
ance; following last year’s 

• Modest increases in person- 
al tax- allowances which are 
Still likely to exceed the mini- 
mum figures of£l 30 a year for 
a single person and £200 for a 
married couple that would 
merely compensate for infla- 

• Forecasts for the economy, 
to .be published on Budget 
Day, are little changed since 
last autumn, when the Trea- 
sury was predicting economic 
growth of 3 per cent this year, 
with inflation foiling rapidly 
over the next few months and 
dipping below 4 per cent. 

• In response to the contirra- 
" ing rise in unemployment, a 

further package of small em- 
ployment measures, centring 
on the Jobstart scheme for 
kriweaniers and the existing 
Community Programme. 

tVscYlik ■ •* J \4?- ■ V. 

M&KxL'-M? ***■&&<*.* 

Anp nan amt eom4c* Mr Nio 

One man and his secrets: Mr Nigel Lawson on his 54th birthday yesterday 




Pope astonished . 
Britain's Roman 
Catholics by . 
appointing an abbot 
as their leader. The 
Times Profile: 

Basil Hume 

A royal . 

Penelope Mortimer’s 
biography of the .... 
Queen Mother 
reviewed . ;- 

Oycrflariop cf the Tavern 

Tbe TSrees Portfolio competi- 
tion prize of £4,000, doable the 
usual MBoont because ao one 
mm m Monday, was shared 
yesterday by three winners: Dr 
SJRJDufT <rf Amexsham, Mr 
David CaBaghan of Harro- 
gate, and Mr Co&a Grey, of 
Milton Keynes. Portfolio fist, 
page 28; how to play, hfiran* 
tioo service, page 

Teachers’ deal 

Both rides in the Scottish 
teachers’ pay dispute last night 
agreed on setitaneni terms 
which would givea pay rise of 
nearly 15% 


Patients pay 

For almost 20 million pre- 
scriptions next year, patients 
win be paying more than the 
cost of the drug dispensed 
Page 2 

Nato poll 

Spain goes to the polls today 
to deride whether to remain m 
Nato. Sefior Felipe Gonzalez, 
the Prime Minister, made a 
final appeal to SpanianJs jo 
vote “yes” Put 10 

Leading arride, page 17 

Test woes 

England's tanh®&3W spin 
in the. second Test against 
West Indies, Ian Botham was 

for defeat 

Page 29 

HtuNm 2-5 
Ortons 7-12 
Am 19 
Basra* 31-28 
Com « 

Un 14 

WhcfWt n 

PhrffeM* V -4. 




now.* 2 

Wothe r • « 
wafa. - IS. 

* Aft * 

Thatcher defends 
plans on Trident 

mere than 

, . by 1988, \ Defence 
hfinisiry sources revealed yes- 
terday. - 

The Prime Minister warned 
during Cbmmbns questions: 
“It is absolutely vital that we 
keep our independent nuclear 
deterrent and -it is not a 
deterrent unless it is 
modernized.” - 

Mis Thatcher dashed with 
Mr Neil Kionack, the Labour 
leader, and Mr David Steel, 
the Liberal leader, over her 
rebuff for Mt Mikhail 
Gorbachov’s proposals for the 
removal of intermediate range 
nuclear weapons Sqm Europe. 

She told Mr Kinnock.that 
there was no point in accept- 
ing removal of SS20s to the 
Far East when they could be 
moved back to a place where 
they could be “a menace to 
this country.” 

Earlier, Mr George Youn- 
gs; Secretary of State for 
Defence, bod announced a 
revised figure of £9,869 mil- 
lion for the Trident pro- 
gramme, an increase of £584 
million on last year’s calcula- 

But because his estimate 
was based on test June’s 
exchange rate, the latest esti- 
mate would be- about £500 
million cheaper. 

Ministry sources said last 

r rfighlthaj about £50G million 
had already been spent, a 
fe flfag- £1,800 million had 
been- committed and up to 
£2,000 mihion more could be 
committed oyer die next few 

...A. Ministry paper also in- 
formed the Commons Select 
Committee on Defence: “It is 
now assessed that, on average. 

jobs over, the procurement 
period with the figures rising 
to 15,000 direct and 12,000 
indirect in the peak years.” It 
is expected that about 25,000 
will be working on the Trident 
programme by 1988. ' 

^ T^pcak^^focfionj^ 

run from 1988 to about 1992, 
Yesterday’s Ministry report 
to the select committee said: 
“Advance work is proceeding 
towards the future construc- 
tion ofSSBN05, the first of the 
United Kingdom’s four Tri- 
dent-dass submarines. 

. “SSBN06 to 08 will be 
ordered progressively over the 
next few years.” 

. Mr Younger told the House 
yesterday that the key factor 
on Trident expenditure was 
that its total weight on his 
s pe nding programme was less 
than the Toledo programme. 
“It secures- our safety and 
defence" for the future and I 
would have thought most, 
people would regard it as an 
extremely goodprogramme." 

. Parliament, page 4 

Legal action over tin 

_ . mm nFMOW a mr 

The Government could be a 
defendant in legal actions by 
banks and brokers seeking 
damag es against the Interna- 
tional Tin Council, of which 
Britain is a member, after the 
collapse of talks seeking an 
agreed solution to the £900 
million tin crisis (Michael 
Prest writes). ' 

Thaflaad confirmed yester- 
day that it had rejected a 
rescue plan. The London Met- 
al Exchange Said that its plan 

fixed price of i&250 a tonne 
would go. ahead, despite the 
threat man action against it by 
Shearson Lehman Brothers, 
the American brokers, for 
damag es. 

Banks owed £340 million by 
the nC fear that loans to 
other government-backed in- 
ternational organizations 
could be at risk if ITC 
members areabfe to repudiate 
the council’s trading debts. 

Kohl faces 
Flick cash 

From Frank Johnson 

Hie position of Chancellor 
Kohl of West Germany wors- 
ened last right after public 
prosecutors in Bonn an- 
nounced a second — and 
possibly more serious - inves- 
tigation against him for ri- 

latest investigation re- 
lates to answers which Hen- 
Kohl gave in 1984 to a 
committee of the Bundestag 
investigating the “Flick 
Affair”: tax-evading donations 
to political parties by big 

Hen Kohl was already be- 
ing investigated by the public 
prosecutors in Koblenz, in the 
Rhiaebrnd Palatinate, for the 
same alleged offence m.coa- 
nectiou with his -replies last 
year to a committee of the 
Land (regional parliament) In- 
vestigating gtmbar payments* 
dining ^ 1970s when 
Hen Kohl was Prime Minister 
of Rhineland Palatinate. 

Both investigations arise out 
of private swimnoases taken 
out by the radical lawyer and 
Green MP, Hen Otto Schfly. 

Yesterday's announcement 
came from Bona because that 
is the local prosecating office, 
which investigates offences 
allegedly committed in the 
area, including the Bundestag. 
This second investigation is 
especially sorions because 
Hen Schfly's charge is that 
55.000DM (just over £17,000) 
was paid by Flick directly to 
Herr Kohl, via his secretary, 
yathw Hum to the CDU via a 
research organization, the 
method alleged in Rhineland 

West German politics were 
virtually in a state of suspen- 
sion white the Bonn prosecu- 
tors took two weeks to decide 
whether to act on Hen 
Schfly’s summons. The next 
stage, both in KoUenz or 
Bonn, win be the prosecutors’ 
decisions whether to apply to 
the emits for a triaL 

Politicians- and diplomats 
here believe it will never come 
to that But last night there 
was less certainty. 

It could take months for the 
prosecutors to make their 
dedshm. Bid overshadowing it 
all is the next general election, 
due early in 1 

Chancellor Kohl: hoping for 

a quick dedswra. 

Minister moves to 
calm fears on 
Anglo-Irish deal 

From Richard Ford Belfast 

The Government last night 
attempted to allay Unionist 
alarm over the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement by holding an un- 
precedented press conference 
aimed at ending the secrecy 
surrounding yesterday’s talks 
between London and Dublin. 

While Mr Tom King, Secre- 
tary of State for Northern 
Ireland, insisted that there 
could be no suspension of the 
agreement as demanded by 
Unionists as a precondition 
for talks, he said,significantly, 
that no dale had been fixed for 
the next meeting of the joint 
ministerial conference. 

By releasing a two page 
communique of his talks at 
Stormont with Mr Peter Bar- 
ry. the Irish Republic’s Minis- 
ter for Foreign Affairs, Mr 
King tried" to end rumour and 
speculation about the discus- 
sions and prove to Loyalists 
that little has changed on the 
ground since the deal was 
signed last November. 

Although it will do little to 
stop Unionist claims that the 
agreement is effectively “Dub- 
lin role” or “joint authority”, 
the communique together 
with Mr King's press confer- 
ence which followed a meet- 
ing of the conference, marks a 
change of heart by the Gov- 
ernment and is evidence that 
it is seriously concerned at 
loyalist reaction to the agree- 

Already in the Irish Repub- 
lic the Fianna Fail opposition 
party is saying that there have 
hardly been any changes since 
the agreement was signed last 

Mr King described as 
“worthwhile” a meeting in 
which there was a review of 
cross-border security coopera- 
tion. and Sir John Hermon. 
Ulster's Chief Constable, out- 
lined measures to improve 
relations between the security 
forces and the community, 
particularly the nationalist 

The meeting yesterday also 
dealt with cross-border coop- 
eration in economic and social 
spheres and the Irish delega- 
tion puts forward views on 
behalf of the minority in 
relation to education, health 
and housing which the Gov- 
ernment will consider. 

In response, however, to the 
long-term demands for the 
repeal of the Flags and Em- 
blems Act Which "eScctively 
makes it illegal' io fly the Irish 
tricolour, the Government is 
dearly delaying any move for 

Three Democratic Unionist 
Party assembly members were 
arrested during protests out- 
side Stormont Castle where 
the talks took place behind 
rows of barbed wire and with 
hundreds of extra police on 

Mr Barry, accompanied by 
Mr Alan Dukes, the 
Republic's minister for jus- 
tice, and Mr Laurence Wren, 
commissioner of the Garda, 
arrived by helicopter on the 
lawn of the castle shortly after 

Mr King was accompanied 
by Mr Nicholas Scott, parlia- 
mentary under secretary of 

Continued on page 2, col 4 


change laws 
after rape case 

By Philip Webster and Stewart Tendier 

lets CBS 
men stay 

From Michael Hornsby 

South Africa yesterday am- 
celled expulsion orders against 
three members of CBS's News 
Bureau after the American 
television network had broad- 
cast fihn of the funeral of 
unrest victims in 
Johannesburg’s Alexandra 

The unprecedented cancel- 
lation came after negotiations 
between Mr Stoffel Botha, 
Home Affairs Minister, and a 
CBS delegation. 

in a joint statement after- 
wards, CBS did not admit it 
bad wilfully broken any South 
African law, but said in future 
it would “as for as posable, 
ensure that material . . . ob- 
tained and used by them, from 
whatever source, is not tainted 
with illegality”. 

Pretoria had accused CBS of 
showing disregard for the 
Supreme Court 

Black pup 3s shut, page 7 

BL board 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

The board of directors of BL 
is to decide in the next week 
which bidder it considers 
should become the new owner 
of Land Rover Leyland. 

At a meeting yesterday, the 
board, chaired by Sir Austin 
Bide, reviewed the offers from 
the four contenders who have 
expressed firm interest in 
whole or part of the 
company’s commercial vehi- 
cle subsidiaries, but came to 
no firm conclusions. 

Further consultations with 
Hill SamueL BL's merchant 
bank, are to take place 
Meanwhile, the future of Mr 
Ray Horrocks, aged 55, the 
chairman of BL Cars, remains 
uncertain after the appoint- 
ment of Mr Graham Day. 
currently chairman of British 
Shipbuilders, to lake over 
from Sir Austin once the Land 
Rover Leyland sale has been 


Social Services 

The chairman of West Lam-; 
beth Health Authority ^ re- 
signed yesterday after 
T i ftmi ng the authority ef wt- 
iw f» dose toe NHS wards 
sad make- almost 40 staff 
redundant rather than OHS; 
oat 16-bed wd atSt 
Thomas’s Hospital, London, 
m to private ***** to 


■ The etakav. Mr Nick 
ciltes and other authority 
-members of patting “party 

to thwart private beds plan 

He said others oo the 
authority who normally 
“reasonable, sensible 
derisions”, had voted against 
the move. **1 am bitterly 
disappointed. When that hap- 
pens ft .means the a uth o ri t y 

fore the Interests of 

The proposal to tarn a ward 
over to private patients came 
as toe authority net on Mon- 
day night to make cats of £ZS 
irriffioa, chiefly at St Thomas’s 
Hospital, to stay widdn its 
b&dget next year. Its foUrne 
means **>at the . authority has 
ftwfriiiwriiy set JUiTDegal bud- 
get for next year, but remain- 
ing authority members wish to 
meet Mr Barney Hayhoe, the 
Munster for Health, to ask for 
extra cash. 

Mr Cowan said: “The pro- 
posal was to increase the 
nmtber of private beds from 
37 to S3 which would have 
generated £727,000 towards 
oor £LS million deficit. 

“I told toe authority that if 
we did not do that the equiva- 
lent cut would be dosing three 
28-bed NHS wards and mak- 
ing ^ urring ami otiier staff 

“That will almost certainly 
be a permanent loss of NHS 
beds. It was much preferable 
to keep the beds and the staff 
ami earn some extra revenue.” 

Despite turning down the 
private patients move the au- 
thority did agree to dose the 
hospital to all but emergency 
patients during August, to 

contract out beds to Sooth 
Lincolnshire Health Author- 
ity to bring in £231,000 a year 
and to a cut of almost 400 in 
foe number of specialist pa- 
tients treated. 

Tire number of cardiology 
patients wifl be cot from 893 to 
714, cardiothoraric surgery 
from 543 to 355 and plastic 
surgery from 682 to 575. The 
number of patterns with drag 
abuse problems — a privity 
area for foe government — are 
also to be cut by 59. 

' The scale of the cuts, after 
big savings that have had to be 
made in foe past five years, 
yesterday ted to Dr Charles 
Foster, a consultant 
anaesthetist at foe hospital, 

announcing he bis early retire- 

Mr Cowan’s charge that 
authority members were 
putting party dogma before 
patients interests was criti- 
cized yesterday by Mr Ste- 
phen Babb, an authority 
member and chid' whip of 
Lambeth CounciL 

“The objection to private 
practice and privatizing the 
NHS goes right across foe 
political spectrum”, he said. “1 
just do not accept that this 
decision means closing three 
NHS wards. We are seeking a 
meeting with Mr Hayhoe to 
tell him further cuts on top of 
foe extremely serious ones we 
have already agreed, jost can- 
not be made.” 

The Government is to con- 
sider changing the tew to 
prevent a repetition of the case 
of Patrick Reilly, the man 
cleared of the sex murder of a 
young girl but given three life 
sentences yesterday after 
confessing a series of sexual 

The Prime Minister has 
asked Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, to look at the 
practice which can be adopted 
in Scottish jury trials. It allows 
the prosecution to refuse to 
accept guilty pleas before a 
jury is sworn in. In that way 
the jury is aware of all the 
charges 3 defendant laces even 
if he later pleads guilty to 
some of them. 

The move came as ReiDy, 
acquitted on Monday of the 
murder of Leonie Darnley, 
was given three life sentences 
after; admitting three rapes, an 
attempted rape and two inde- 
cent assaults: information 
kept from the murder trial 
jury by Mr Justice Pain be- 
cause it might have prejudiced 
their decision. 

Mr Nicholas Fairbaim. QC, 
Conservative MP for Perth 
and Kinross, told the Prime 
Minister that if the English 
law had been changed along 
Scottish lines the outrage over 
the case would not have 

He said last night that if the 
prosecution took the view in 
Scotland that the evidence on 
some of the charges was 
relevant to the evidence on 
others they would refuse to 
accept pleas of guilty. 

Mr Fairbaim said: “I fear 
the evidence on some charges 
in this case was relevant to the 
others. A jury in Scotland 
would not have been kept in 

The present law is the 1S98 
Criminal Evidence Act which 
allows defendants not to enter 
pleas if it could incriminate 
them on other charges they 

Sentencing Reilly yesteray. 
Mr Justice Pain called him 
“an appalling danger to the 
opposite sex”. 

Guilty of attacks including 
an assault on a girl *gc 3 1 1 and 
the rape of a schoolgirl aaed i5 
savaged internally with a claw 
hammer, ReiUy was told by 

the judge that the punish- 
ments was partly "to deter 
others in ibis age when rape 
seems to be becoming more 
frequent and disgusting prac- 
tices certain rapists like you 
indulge in are becoming more 

The judge dimissed as 
"absolutely ludicrous” a call 
from the defence for Reilly to 
be sent to hospital under the 
Menial Health Acl 

The case is one of the fim 
since the Lord Chief Justice . 
Lord Lane, called last month 
for tougher sentencing for 

Outside the court Detective 
Chief Superintendent Robert 
ShutUn overall charge of the 
case, said that inquiries into 
Leonie’s death were now com- 
plete and ”1 can't say any 
more in relation to that 

Described by police as a 
loner. ReiUy lived in a north 
London hostel as an unem- 
ployed labourer receiving 
£108 in social benefits each 
fortnight. Detectives believe 
he went to considerable 
lengths to avoid detection, 
learning how to avoid leaving 
evidence at the scenes of 
crimes by talking to other 
prisoners convicted of rape 
while he was serving sentences 

In the Commons Mr John 
Townend, Conservative MP 
for 3ridIingtoa, asked the 
Prime Minister whether she 
thought it appropriate that the 
courts should impose savage 
sentences as a deterrent. 

Jury “did duty'” page 3. 

* Parliament, page 4. 


— /•.. ax* 


. . • ■■ T 

i . .: 

Reilly, who was jailed 
for life yesterday. 

Vickers workers get 
£7m share prospectus 

By Edward Townsend 

Vickers Shipbuilding and 
Engineering, which is being 
sold to a management-led 
consortium, has issued its 
share prospectus to 200.000 
Barrow-in-Furness and Bir- 
kenhead staff and residents. 

At the same lime it has 
forecast a £15 million trading 
profit for foe current year. 

Almost seven million of the 
£i ordinary shares, or 20 per 
cent of foe total issued, are on 

offer to workers at the two 
yards, their families, company 
pensioners and residents liv- 
ing in the Parliamentary con- 
stituencies covering the two 

The consortium’s bid, total- 
ling about £100 million . was 
preferred by foe Government 
to that of Trafalgar House, 
which offered up to £20 
million more for foe warship 
and Trident submarine yards. 

Prospectus, page 21 



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Sim: tint Je HovsrGrt'jp 

i— i^. i 




By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Several hundred families 
could be hit by a cut in legal 
aid which comes into force 
today. It will be the first direct 
reduction in the scheme since 
it was launched 40 years ago. 

The Lord Chancellors De- 
panmem has changed the 
formula for assessing a 
person's financial eligibility 
because of increasing legal aid 
costs, a move expected to 
remove several hundred fam- 
ilies from the scope of the 

At the same time the deci- 
sion may mean several thou- 
sand families paying a 
contribution towards their le- 
gal aid. The Law Sorieily 
estimates that as many as 
9.000 families who at present 
are eligibile for “free" legal aid 
will have to contribute up to 
£ 200 . 

The decision, which will 
affect people seeking legal aid 
for advice and assistance in 
civil and criminal matters, 
involves a reduction in the 
allowances which can be set 
against income when eligibil- 
ity is being assessed. 

The levels of allowance for 
dependants will be cut from 
the present 50 per cent above 
those which apply for supple- 
mentary benefit to 25 per cent, 
which is expected to save the 
department about £7.5 mil- 

The Law Society is con- 
cerned that families asked to 
pay a contribution will no 

longer proceed with litigation. 
At present, 28 per cent of 
those offered legal aid, but 
with an obligatory contribu- 
tion. decline to take it up. 

The Legal Action Group of 
lawyers and advice workers is 
also concerned about the ef- 
fects of the cul The new 
requirements will concentrate 
legal aid on the poor rather 
than the wider section of 
society that was envisaged 
when the scheme began, it 

Another effect will be to 
reduce eligibility dispropor- 
tionately for families, affecting 
those with the greatest num- 
ber of dependants. 

The Government’s propos- 
als, the group says, run 
counter to the recommenda- 
tions of the government 
watchdog on legal aid, the 
Lord Chancellor's Legal Aid 
Advisory Committee, which 
suggested that the legal advice 
and assistance scheme should 
be made more freely available, 
it believed it to be, to a large 
extent, the “preventive medi- 
cine of the law”. 

The Government is con- 
cerned about the escalating 
costs of the legal aid scheme, 
now amounting to £320 mil- 
lion a year, and it has 
launched a top-level inquiry 
by Civil Servants into its 

Broad changes in the way 
the scheme is administered 
also come into effect today in 

an attempt to ease the prob- 
lems caused by the heavy 
workload, and bring in more 
consistency in the way legal 
aid is granted. 

The changes will centralize 
the administration of the 

Responsibility will pass to 
the top body, the Legal Aid 
Committee, based in London, 
which acts on behalf of the 
Law Society. 

For the first time there will 
be the principle of M iine 
mangement'", with the central 
committee making policy de- 
cisions which will then be 
implemented in the local ar- 

The involvement of the 
profession at local level, the 
Law Society says, has contrib- 
uted greatly to the success of 
the scheme, but it has also led 
to a major weakness; varia- 
tions in practice from one area 
to another. 

Any increased bureacracy is 
intended to be balanced by 
increased rights of appeal 
against refusal of legal aid. 

White welcoming the 
changes as improvements to 
the scheme, the Law Society is 
concerned that they have to be 
implemented against a back- 
ground of yet another scruti- 
ny. There needs to be a 
“period of calm”, it says,“to 
give the changes time to 
become rally effective.” 

plea for 

By Richard Evans Lobby Reporter 

The Social Democratic Par- 
ty will attempt this afternoon 
to move the writ for the 
Fulham by-election - unless 
the Government agrees to do 
the task itself. 

Mr John Cartwright, the 
party Whip at Westminster, 
wrote to Mr John Biffen. 
Leader of the Commorjs. Iasi 
night saying that the Conser- 
vative, Labour and SDP can- 
didates for the contest were 
hard at work in the south-west 
London constituency and the 
campaign had effectively 

“It does, therefore, seem to 
me that we are in danger of 
bringing the w hole system into 
disrepute if the writ is not 
moved soon." he said. 

The by-election has been 
caused by the death last 
January of Mr Marlin Ste- 
vens. who held a Conservative 
majority of 4.789 at the last 
general election. If the writ is 
moved today the contest 
would take place on April 10. 

Borough council and Inner 
London Education Authority 
elections are being held in 
Fulham on May 3 and Mr 
Cartwright referredin his letter 
to a Speakers' Conference 
recommendation that it was 
inexpedient for partiamentary 
by-elections to be held at the 

same time as iocal elections in 
April and May and. that, if 
practical, they should be held 
at an earlier date. 

“Consequently I believe it 
would be particularly inappro- 
priate to hold a parliamentary 
by-election on ihe same day as 
local government elections. 

“1 feel that April 10 would 
be a very good dale." If Gov- 
ernment business managers 
decide to oppose Mr Cart- 
wright. they can use a proce- 
dural move to move onto 
other Commons business and 
so reserve the right so call the 
by-election at a dale of their 

A by-election writ has to be 
moved within three months of 
the death of an MP or of the 
seat becoming vacant 

Mr Cartwright said last 
night he believed the Govern- 
ment were holding back from 
moving the writ in the hope of 
holding the by-election on 
May 8 and so stretching the 
resources of Labour and the 

The Government feared 
that if the by-election was held 
next month and either of the 
opposition parties did toler- 
ably well it would damage the 
Government in the May local 

Man given 
drug in 
error died 

Overworked nurses gave a 
hospital patient the wrong 
drag and he died 12 hours 
later, it was disclosed yester- 

They were late on the dreg 
round and confused him with 
another man because the pa- 
tients were not wearing name 

Jennie Briscoe was the only 
trained nurse on the ward. So 
she asked an untrained auxil- 
iary to help her. 

But the anxiliary mixed up 
die' patients and yesterday 
Mrs Briscoe, aged 41, of Ham 
Greea Hospital in Bristol, was 
accused of professional mis- 
conduct before the Central 
Nursing Council's disciplinary 

Her colleague, Mr Christo- 
pher Ainsley, aged 49, faced 
the same charge after leaving 
the ward without helping her 
with the round. 

The hearing was told that 
normally two trained nurses 
gave out medicine. But on the 
day in November 1984 Mrs 
Briscoe was left alone in the 
unit for long-stay disabled 

The committee cleared Mr 
Ainsley. Mrs Briscoe was also 
cleared of one charge but 
found guilty of not witnessing 
the auxiliary nurse ou the 
round. But do action was 

Cancer has no conscience. 

It devastates families and friends, 
striking young and old alike. 

"today over a quarter of the 
population is likely to get it 
Which means that sooner or latex; 
it is going to attack someone 
you know 

It might even be a member 
of your family. 

Fortunately, The National 
Society for Cancer Relief can help 
those who have toiive with cancer. 

We train and finance 
Macmillan nurses, whose skill in 
advanced pain control and 
emotional care allows patients to 
remain at home with their 

We build Macmillan homes 
And, over the years, weVe 
invested millions of pounds in 
the foundation and development 
of the hospice movement. 

All of these serv- 
ices provide patients 
with expert care and 
helo to take some of 

the pressure off their families, 
giving them time to come to terms 
with the problems of cancer 

Last year our homes and 
nurses gave over 26,000 patients 
and their families the will to live 
with cancer 

But there were still marry 
times that number who had to 
cope without us. 

Simply because we didn't 
have enough money. 

We think they all deserve our 
help. But we can't care for them 
unless you da 

We’d be more than grateful 
for any donation you can send us. 
Please make cheques and postal 
orders payable to Cancer Relief 
and Send them to: 

The National Society for Cancer 
Relief; Room 31A , 30 Dorset Sq., 
London NW1 6QL. 

If you'd like to pay by credit 
card or want informa- 
tion on how to make 


e covenant just call 

SfigCsrJilartiuirid teiedata 01-200 0200. 

Rc’Cistoed o: Ihe tooral scatty ICr Cai>C5f Pfitelt’SflS No ZtiOl. 7 

Mr Gregory Campbell, a Democratic Unionist member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, 
being arrested yesterday after he and two others had ent barbed wire at Stormont in protest 
against the second Anglo-Irish conference, taking place inside. 

farm workers 

By John Young. Agriculture Correspondent 

Farm workers were last 
night awarded a 5.3 per cent 
pay increase by the Agricultur- 
al Wages Board, bringing to - 
basic rate up to £94.45 a week. 
The National Fanners Umon 
estimated that it would cost 

ihe industry £38 million a 
year. . ' , 

The award, imposed try a 
majority of the employers 
representatives and the mae- 
pendent members of the 
board, was greeted with anger 
by Mr Jack Boddy, secretary 
or the agricultural workers 
mp of the Transport and 
..'neral Workers' Union. 

He said he was appalled that 
a so-called independent board 
should have been’ swayed by 
formers’ claims to have suf- 
fered a 43 per cent fell ra 
income last year. -Large sec- 
tions of the industry were 
perfectly able to meet the 
union’s claim for parity with 
average earnings in manufac- 
turing industry. 

“1 find it incredible because 
ever since the war farm 
workers’ productivity has in- 
creased by an average of 
7 per cent a year”, he said. 
“Farm workers have neve- 


been rewarded in the way that 
they should have been.” 

The board had decided that 
form workers should. suffer a 
reduction in their already tow- 
wages; the settlement would 
not even keep pace with 

inflation. .. _ . • 

But Mr Chns french, vice- 
president of the NHL de- 
scribed it as a fag seK tomeitt 
in the circumstances facing 
the industry. ’‘This is as for as 
we could go”, he said. 

Asked to comment on Mr 
Boddy’s bineriy disappointed 
reaction. Mr French sand, the 
whole industry was bitterly 
disappointed by the state rt 
found itself in at present. 
There was no point in paying 
wage rates that had to be met 
by an increase in bank borrow- 
ing; in the past year : aa 
estimated 5,000 full-time jobs 
had been shed- ' ; 

Rates for craftsmen and for 
part-time workers will be in- 
creased pro rata, but those for 
seasonal workers win • not 
change. Mr French said that 
the board had accepted foe 
NFU claim that many season- 
al workers were pricing them- 
selves out of jobs. 

Moves to 
calm fears 
in Ulster 

Continued from page 1 

state with responsibility for 
law and order, and the RUC 
chief constable. 

About 200 elected represen- 
tatives held a peaceful protest 
at lunchtime with several 
mayors ha n gin g their chains 
of office on the barbed wire. 

Loyalists also threw pieces 
of silver at the police and in a 
reference to what the force use 
in the aftermath of terrorist 
attacks shouted about “plastic 
bags" while others cat-called 
“Peter Barry’s boot boys". 

At lunchtime hundreds of 
workers from Harland & 
Wolff Shipyard, and Short’s 
aircraft factory caused traffic 
delays when they held a 
protest on a main road in east 

Mr King denied a claim by 
Mr Peter Robinson, the depu- 
ty leader of the Democratic 
Unionist Party, that by 
bolding the meeting in Belfast 
the government was rubbing 
Unionist noses in the dirt and 
that it had been an attempt to 
provoke Unionists. 

The Secretary of State again 
urged Unionists to resume 
talks with the Government 
saying he hoped it was possi- 
ble to find a framework for 
discussions to begin. 

Unionist leaders who have 
written to the Prime Minister 
saying they wish to create the 
framework in which dialogue 
can take place and Mr King 
used the word ‘•framework’’ 
several times during his press 

House of Representatives vot- 
ed unanimously yesterday to 
approve a five-year, $250 
million aid package for North- 
ern Ireland in a signal of 
American support for the 
British-irish accord (Reuter 

Local authority spending 

Manchester councils settle 

The Tory-controlled 
Trafford borough council yes- 
terday ended its High Court 
battle with Greater Manches- 
ter county council with a 
settlement expected to save 
ratepayers at least £ 10 million, 
and possibly double that fig- 

Mr David Keene, QG for 
Trafford, asked the Court of 
Appeal formally to dismiss its 
appeal against Greater 
Manchester’s plan to go on a 
“spending spree” as its aboli- 
tion at the end of this month 

He announced that a deal 
had been worked out between 
the authorities which would 
not only save money, but also 
give about 200 workers, facing 
dismissal, a further 34 weeks* 
job security. 

Mr Keene told Lord Justice 
O’Connor, sitting with Lords 

Justices Parker and Nourse, 
that a compromise had been 
reached which meant that the 
Labour-controlled Greater 
Manchester council's plan to 
spend a total of £8.4 million 
on various projects, would 
now be implemented “in full” 
by the 10 district councils in 
the county “acting together, 
on, or as soon as possible, after 
April 1”. 

The compromise followed 
last week’s ruling by Mr 
Justice Macpherson that 
Greater Manchester's spend- 
ing plans were lawful. 

By consent the judges dis- 
missed the appeal and dis- 
charged an injunction granted 
on March 3 stopping the 
“spending spree”. They or- 
dered Trafford to pay half 
Greater Manchester's legal 

Lord Justice O'Connor said: 

“I am delighted agreement has 
been readied, but it must be 
made quite clear that ibis 
court has not approved the 
contents of the joint statement 
— that is not to be implied 
from our listening to it” - 

The total costs to be paid by 
Trafford are estimated at 

• The London Borough of 
Lambeth won pe rm i s sion yes- 
terday to seek a High Court 
order compelling the Secretary 
of State for the Environment 
to negotiate with the council 
over its multi-million pound 

Yesterday’s move, which 
could, if successful, ease the 
council's financial problems, 
follows last week's decision in 
the High Court to dismiss 
appeals by the borough's rul- 
ing Labour group against sur- 
charge and dismissal for their 
refusal to set ajrate last year. 

Get tough on Bill, MPs say 

By Colin Hughes, Local Government Correspondent , 

The Government is under 
pressure from its backbench- 
ers to pot the teeth back into 
the Local Government Bill, 
which sets ont to ban “propa- 
ganda on the rates”. 

Ministers are being nrged to 
override amendments, made in 
the Lords, which some MPs 
and leaders of opposition Con- 
servative groups on left-wing- 
controlled local councils 
believe have seriously weak- 
ened the Bill’s provisions. 

It was initially thought that 
ministers might let the amend- 
ments stand, in the hope of 
avoiding unnecessary bad pub- 
licity at a time when the 
Government is under pressure. 

Mr William Waidegrave, 
Minister for Environment, 
Countryside and Local Gov- 
ernment, made important era- 
cessions to local authority 
association critics of tile Bill. 

In particular, he withdrew his 
proposed rode of conduct on 
- publicity issued by councils, 
and said that discussion on the 
code, provided for in the BiD, 
would start again “with a 
blank sheet of paper”.- 

One political adviser said 
yesterday: “There is a strong 
feeling among backbenchers 
In the Commons that the 
Lords have emasculated the 
Bill, and that there trill be 
fireworks if ministers appear 
to be considering allowing the 
changes to stand.” 

The two most important 
changes made by the Lords 
were the removal of a danse 
giving statutory backing to the 
code of conduct, and the 
deletion of “catch afi” phrases 
inteoded to ban any pnbDdty 
which “can reasonably be 
regarded as likely to affect” 
support for a political party. 

■ Ministers are keen to posh 
through the BUI as soon as 
possible. One of its provisions 
is enforcing comcfls to set a 
rate by April 1 each year. 
Political advisers have pointed 
ont, however, that most of the 
councils at which the rate- 
setting date is aimed, those 
who delayed last year, have 
this year decided to keep in 

Since this may be the 
Government’s last chance to 
legislate on local government 
publicity before the next elec- 
tion, they argue that it would 
be preferable to take time and 
ensure the Bill is as tough as 
originally intended. 

The BOl is doe for its third 
reading in the Lords on March 
18, and is likely to return to 
the Commons before the end of 
the month. 

New Bill will tighten 
surrogacy loopholes 

By Stephen Goodwin Political Staff 

Loopholes in legislation in- 
tended to outlaw commercial 
surrogacy will be closed if a 
Bill now going through the 
House of Lords reaches the 
statute book. 

Parliament thought it had 
stamped out the “rent-a- 
womb” business in Britain 
last year with the passing of 
the Surrogacy Arrangements 
Act. But with childless couples 
prepared to pay large sums of 
money, agencies have found 
ways round the new law. 

Last weekend The Sunday 
Times reported that British 
couples were prepared to pay 
American surrogate mothers 
up to £20,000 to have their 

British womeu are also 
being sought by one Washing- 

ton-based agency to travel to 
the United States to be im- 
pregnated by artificial insemi- 
nation by British husbands. 

The 1985 Act followed pub- 
lic outcry over the Baby 
Cotton case and provided that 
“no person on a commercial 
basis shall initiate or take part 
in any negotiations with a 
view to making surrogacy 
arrangements in the United 

Last night peers debated an 
amending Bill introduced by 
the Earl of Halsbury, a 
crossbencher, intended to 
tighten and clarify the law. 

The Bill makes dear that 
anyone knowingly assisting in 
arranging a surrogate pregnan- 
cy becomes criminally liable. 

Willis meets leaders 

of print 

By MUchae 


Michael Horsnelf 

Norman Willis, general sec- 
retary of the TUC, met leaders 
of the print unions at Congress 
House yesterday to thrash out 
a joint approach before they 
meet News International exec- 
utives for talks about the 
newspaper group's move to 

The ensuing talks between 
Mr Bruce Matthews, manag- 
ing director of News Interna- 
tional and the unions will be 
the first direct exchange of 
views between the two sides 
since the company dismissed 
6.000 prim workers after they 
went on strike last January 
and predpated the move. 

Mr Willis hopes that the low 
level talks, expected to be held 
later this week, will pave the 
way to an eventual meeting 
between Mr Rupert Murdoch, 

chairman of News Interna- 
tional. and Miss Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of Sogat ’82. 

Bui the company has said 
such talks could only be held if 
the print unions accept they 
will never be admitted to the 
new printing plant in east 
London but want to negotiate 

Sources at Congress House 
said ihai Mr Willis reported to 
the print leaders his recent 
exchange of" views with Mr 

• Publication of the Scottish 
Daily Record remained sus- 
pended for the third issue 
running last night. Six hun- 
dred print workers have been 
dismissed by publisher Robert 
Maxwell — for the second time 
in two weeks — for refusing to 
set an editorial . after being 
refused a right of reply. 

Pay rises 
better off 

A report which claims that 
workers are sot pricing them- 
selves out jobs* was pub- 
lished yesterday by the Trade 
Union Research Unit at Rus- 
kfa CoBege. OxfonL The {hid- 
ings are contrary , to 
government charges. 

The report says that any 
policy based on the Govern- 
ment’s theory is “at best 
misguided and. at worst, a 

It says that growth in teal 
earnings, after allowing for 
inflation, during 1979-84 was. 
concentrated; among foe high- 
est paid groups. 

But the earnings of the 
lowest paid struggled to beat 

As a result, the gap between 
the poorest 10 per cent and the 
wealthiest 10 per cent had 
widened. ’ 

The report analysed earn- 
ings and employment changes 
in East Anglia, the West 
Midlands and south-east En- 

It found that the better chan 
average employment chances 
in East Anglia coincided with 
real earnings growth, even for 
the low paid. 

While the south-east had 
above average real earnings, it 
also had low unemployment 

However, in the West Mitt- 
lands, average real earnings 
had dropped below the na- 
tional trend, but this had not 
led to any improvement in job 

The unit says the “pricing 
out” theory is not supported 
by the evidence. 

. “The Government’s con-, 
centrauon on supply-side poli- 
cies is no more than a 
smokescreen to bide the root 
causes of unemployment; de- 
mand deficiency and structur- 
al change.” - - 

Prescription charges 

Lecturer who 
killed girl 
jailed for life 

A dental lecturer who mur- 
dered his adopted daughter 
aged 13 and hid hacked-off 
pieces of her body was yester- 
day jailed for life. 

One hundred and five' 
pieces of the girl's flesh and 
bone were found at XXr Sam- 
son Pfcrera’s house in Wake- 
field, West Yorkshire and at 
his Leeds University laborato- 
ry, Leeds Crown Court was 

Perera, who brought the 
girt, Nilanthie, to Britain from 
a Sri Lankan jungle, was told' 
by the judge: “The crime 
which you have committed is 
one which revolts the mind of 
every right-thinking person.” 

Perera’s wife, Dammika, a 
mathematics teacher, was giv- 
en a 12-month suspended 
sentence after being found 
guilty of assisting an offender. 

Health service to profit from increased prices 

Patients will pay more than 
the cost of the drugs for almost 
20 million prescriptions next 
year as the prescription charge 
rises to £2.20 on April 1. 

With the 11-fotd increase 
from 20p to £2.20 in charges 
since the Conservatives came 
to power in 1979, many 
commonly prescribed drugs 
cost the health service less to 
dispense to patients than the 
prescription charge the patient 
has to pay, the Department of 
Health confirmed yesterday. 

In effect, on cheaper drugs 

By Nicholas T imm i n s, Social Services Correspondent 

Kirkwood, Liberal A course of penicillin costs Mr Peter Boanhnan. assis- 
the health service about £1.50, 


health spokesman, describing 
it as “scandalous”. He said: 
“it is making a profit out of 
the sick and should be 

Mr Charles Kennedy, the 
SDFs spokesman on health, 
said it was “quite outrageous 
that people should have to pay 
more for the drugs than it 
costs the NHS to dispense 
them. It is a ridiculous lax on 

According to the Pharma- 
ceutical Services Negotiating 

the Government is making a>«Commitiee, the total cost of a 

profit on the prescription 
charge, although more expen- 
sive drugs can cost far more 
than the £2.20 prescription 

MPs yesterday reacted an- 
grily to the disclosure, with Mr 

standard course of the 
tranquillizer diazepam, in- 
cluding the cost of dispensing, 
is about £1.35. But the patient 
will have to pay the £2.20 
prescription charge, 85p more 
titan the cost of foe drug. 

and a course of nitrazepam 
sleeping tablets about £1.60, 
while Betnovate skin cream 
for eczema costs about £1.99 
and chloramphenicol eye 
drops about £1.90. 

Even though the prescrip- 
tion charge is higher than the 
cost of the drug, however, 
patients will still have to pay 
the £120 charge because these 
drugs are only available on 

Family doctors are barred 
from writing private prescrip- 
tions for NHS patients, which 
in theory would allow them to 
buy the drugs at cost price. A 
patient who went to the doctor 
privately would lose the sav- 
ing by having to pay for the 

taut secretary of the. 
pharmacists’ negotiating com- 
mittee. said: “W e deplore this 
prescription tax and believe it 
is counter-productive.” 

After last year’s 25 per cent 
increase in prescription 
charges, the number of pre- 
scriptions doctors had written 
for courses of treatment last- 
ing more than -30 days had 
risen by one-and-a-half times. 
Mr Boardman said: “Doctors 
are just writing prescriptions 
for longer periods so that foe 
patient only pays once. But 
the cost of foe drugs bill goes 
up and the extra income from 
the higher prescription cfaarae 
is off-set^’ 

The -Department of Health 
said that, about 320 million 
presciptioosare written a year. 

Parents pay only about 20 per 
cent of the total costs as 
pensioners, expectant . and 
nursing mothers, children and 
, those on low income are 
exempt from char g e 

. .Of . foe 64 million paid-for 
prescription items, 31 per 
cent, or almost 20 million, 
rave a total cost less titan 
£L20. The average cost . of an - 
NHS prescription next- year is 
expected to be £5. 16. 


•|S ^ B p£ re 2oa; 

gAigL PPWOflg ESC 
9i-7Ss YU9 H0«v/0 Rn 4W - 








By Stewart Tffldler, Crime Shorter 
jury ,. Yesterday, Mr Justice Pain on September 4 when a worn- 

which cleared Patrick Reilly 
on Monday of murdering a 
girl aged seven were back at 
the Central Criminal Court 
yesterday to him sen- 
tenced to life imprisonment 
for a catalogue of sex attacks 
and to bear their decision, to 
clear him vindicated by ibe 

After Reilly, aged 24 , of 
Anson Road, Tufoell Park, 
north London, was acquitted 
of the murder of Leonie 
Darnley on Monday, Mr Jus- 
tice Pain told the jury that 
ReiDy had, unknown to them 
already pleaded guilty to three 
rapes, attempted rape and two 
indecent assaults. . Several 
women in the jiHy left the 
court in lean after the news. 
But yesterday the judge told 
the 11 jury members who 
returned to watch Reilly being 
semen cedthat they should not 
reproach themselves. 

The judge said that in the 
murder case “the evidence 
was not particularly strong. It 
was 'Very understandable that 
there should be an acquittal". 
Before the murder trial began 
there had been lengthy legal 
argument about telling the 
jury of Reilly’sptea ofguflty to 
the sexual attacks. The judge 
had decided . the evidence 
should not be admitted. Brit- 
ish justice required that there 
should be a fur trial 

The prosecution wanted to 
use details of the sexual 
attacks to show apattem of 
evidence to disclose a link in 
the modus operundi of the 
man who carried out the sex 
attacks and the murderer of 
Leonie in July 1984. Last year 
Reilly was tried before anoth- 
er judge at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court on the same murder 

showed copies of the Daily 
Mail and Daily Express to the 
court and attacked front page 
headlines accusing die jury of 
crying with shame after; their-' 

, decision to acquit Redly. The 
judge said: “It is a fr ying 
shame that papers should 
report a matter m that way. 

You did your duty and did it 
welL This sort of ridiculous 
nonsense should be co n fined 
to the wastepaper basket 
.where it belongs." 

The seven women and four 
men of the jury, who returned 
to court at the judge's invite- - 
tion, sat in a section of Chart 
Number One as. ReiDy. was ■ 
brought up before the judge to 

hear a chronicle of sex atinHcc 
carried out in London two 
years ago. ReiDy, a red-beaded 
labourer with a passion for 
physical fitness, sat flanked by 
prison officers. Raised in 
North Wales, he was finr 
convicted of indecent assault 
at. the age of 17 when he 
attacked a woman with a 

Miss Ann Goddard, QC, for 
the prosecution, told tbe court 
that on August 17. 1984, 

Reilly attacked and raped a 
woman, aged 21, on 
Totteridge Common, north 
London, armed with a knife. 

In the scond attack 10 days 

later, Reilly attacked a house- • 

wife, aged 22, in a Mode of to the court. 

an, aged 42, was out walking at 
hinctime. Reilly came up to 
her armed with a knife. This 
time the woman fought back 
breakfog the knife. - 

On October 4 Really re- 
turned to the Netting Hill 
council flats and tried to 
attack a giri aged 1 1. The girl 
screamed when she heard 
someone and Reilly fled. 

In the last attackon October 
17, Reilly returned to 
Totteridge Common to attack 
another girl aged 15- as she 
went from school to a dentist 
appointment. Really appeared 
with a London A to Z asking 
for directions, then followed 
the girl and attacked her mom. 
behind. She was indecently 
assaulted and Reilly attacked 
her internally .'with a daw 

The judge agreed that an 
offence of indecent assault to 
which Really pleaded not 
!ty should remain on the 

- The police said they found 
Reilly an intelligent man who 
had used considerable cun- 
ning to carry oat his attacks 
and took care to leave as few 
dues as possible. 

Yesterday Reilly remained 
sflent throughout the details of 
his attacks and his earlier 
offences, except for one out- 
burst of “If s a He" when his 
first record was being read out 

flats at Notxmg Hill, north 
London. ReiDy forced her to 
have oral sex three times. 

In the third attack on Au- 
gust 30, Reilly attacked a giri, 
aged 15, as die was walking 
near Kenwood House on 
Hampstead Heath. ReiDy ran 
past her and then grabbed her, 
armed with a knife! 

Miss Goddard said , the giri 

charge. The judge in that case ' was made to have oral sex and 
ruled against the evidence in a masturbate Reilly^ 
trial which ended with a hung The fourth attack took place 

jury. again near Kenwood House 

Mr Ivan Lawrence, QC, for 
the defence, told the court that 
Reilly bad shown remorse, 
admitting offences to the po- 
lice and pleading guilty. 

Mr Lawrence said no one 
could fell to be sickened by the 
attacks and that a lengthy 
sentence was necessary. 

“I don't seek to argue 
against it nor is Reilly asking 
me to do so. He knows the 
measure of the evil be has 
done. He expects to be pun- 
ished for it" 

Tantalizing clues in hair 

By Peter Evans 
Key evidence presented to 
the court by the prosecution in 
the Leonie Darnley trial 
sought to link Patrick Reilly to 
her killing by four human 
hairs and three doth fibres. He 
was found not guilty. 

The case raised questions 
about the part human hair canr 
play in crime detection.. .In 
spite of advances in forensic : 
science, hair remains one of. 
the most tamalffirng of dues. - v 
However, ovoid bodies 
within hairs are grviog foren- 
sic scientists a better chance, 
after much experiment, of 
identifying the person from 
whom they come. One case 
which bung on evidence about 
them was successful last year. 

Mr Peter Martin, of the 
Metropolitan Police forensic 

science laboratory, pointed 
out that it was often difficult 
to detide that hair at the scene 
of a crime came from a 
particular person. 

“When we say hair matches 
positively that is unusual and 
significant,** he said. . 

The o voids help because, np 
to a point, their pattern can be 
matched with olhers in hairs 
from a person's body. Looked 
at magnified np to 400 tunes 
titey. resemble, small. ovals of 
dense colour, pigment granr 
Hies?. - - 

Some people have a lot, 
some a few. They can be dose 
together or strung out along 
the length of the hair. 

As is often the case with 
evidence depending on statis- 
tical probability, there is a 
range of people in the middle 

of the population whose 
O voids look alike. 

What the scientist is looking 
for is the case that is .different 
from tiie average; those who 
have many ovoids or a few. 

The importance of squeez- 
ing extra information from a 
sample is that, if matched with 
what else is available, it can 
help to create a profile of 

One hair from the head of 
’ most Caucasians would hardly 
single them out. There is a 
complete range of browns 
through from almost blond to 
almost blade, Mr Martin said. 
Narrowing down evidence is 
helped by the lacquer, dye or 
other cosmetics people put on 
.hair. Dye components can be 
identified. Other characteris- 
tics are width and length. 

Man tells jury 
of threat 
over evidence 

A victim of an alleged 
kidnapping told a jury yester- 
day that he had been threat- 
ened about giving evidence 
against a man alleged to_ have 
tortured him with a hot iron. 

Haitian Singh Jassal an 
Asian businessman, claimed 
that be and his family had 
been approached in the street 
Mr Jassal was giving evi- 
dence on the second day of the 
trial at York Crown Court of 
one his alleged kidnappers, 
Jimmy Johnson, aged .37, 
formerly ofBroad Mead Way, 
West Denton, Newcastle- 

He told the court: ^Ve have 
had threats not to give this 
evidence and no one seems to 
care. They came to my moth- 
er, my father, my brother, my 
sister, me and my wife while 
we were walking down the 
street” .... 

Earlier Mr Jassal had bro- 
ken down as he told how his 
captors had burnt him wnh a 
hot iron and tried to pult Ins' 
toenails out with pliers 
The jury was toM that ibe 
kidnapping took place in an 
attempt by Mr Johnson and 
Stephen Abadon, a boxer, to 
force their victim to pay 
“compensation" after he re- 
fused to use his status at the 
Newcastle business communi- 
ty fraudulently to obtain more 
than 140000 cigarettes. 

Mr Johnson, of no settled 
address, denies causing griev- 
ous bodily harm with intent, 
blackmail felse imprisonment 
and indecent assault 
The case continues today. 

Cricket bat used in 
vicarage attack found 

By Stewart Tewtler 
Detectives bunting for the 
gang who beat a vicar and 
raped his daughtexand also 
savagely assaulted her boy 
friend yesterday found tire 
cricket bat used by the three 
men in the attack in a west 
London garden. 

The bat was sent for foren- 
sic examination while the 
police continued to search for 
a knife which may also have 
■been thrown away as die three 
men fled last Thursday after 
attacking the vicarage. 

The long-handled, stained 
bat is described as well-used 
•and old. The attackers may 
also have discarded part of 
their haul of six pieces of 
personal jewellery. 

Yesterday the police ap- 
pealed to local residents to 
look in their gardens in case 
anything else had been thrown 

Detectives now know that 
two medals were also taken in 
the attack. One was an MBE 
and the second was a Star of 
India campaign medal. 

Injury delays rugby case 

j n-.i — «h& n/alcK aopd 7.5. had a hacflv sw 

David Bishop, the Welsh 
rugby international failed to 
appear before Abercam mag- 
istrates in Gwent yesterday on 
a charge of assaulting a fellow 
rugby player, because he is 

The Pontypoof scrum hall 


aged 25, had a badly swollen 
leg after a match on Monday 
night He is accused of causing 
actual bodily harm to an 
opponent during a match 
against Newbridge last Octo- 
ber. The case was adjourned 
for 14 days. 

rA*. v v : ‘* * 


r\?: ' 

1 !T. V*-y*- 

m - •v." - -- . ■ 

Four of the 200 dolls from the Lawrence Scrrpps Wilkinson Collection of American Dolls on 
display at the Bethnal Green Mnsenm of Childhood. They are (top) of Martha Washington 
and Louis Armstrong and (below) Fr anklin and Eleanor Roosevelt and Scarlett O' Hara. 

Four PCs 
on bail 

Four police officers charged 
with conspiracy to assault five 
youths in north London near- 
ly three years ago appeared at 
Bow Street Magistrates’ Court 
in London yesterday. 

The four men were remand- 
ed on unconditional bail for 
eight weeks. Their next ap- 
pearance will be on May 6. 

None spoke during the 10- 
minute hearing. 

The officers, ail constables, 
are Michael John Gavin, aged 
27; Edward Napier Main, aged 
26; Michael John ' Pair, aged 
27, and Nicholas John Wise, 
aged 26. 

A police sergeant Colin 
Edwards, has been suspended 
from duty in connection with 
the investigation into the al- 
leged assaults. 

The charges arise from an 
alleged attack on five youths 
outside a funfair in Holloway. 

Reporting restrictions were 
not lifted. 

poachers fined 

Frederick Steward and 
Derek Gore, two poachers 
.caught shooting the Queen’s 
pheasants on the Sandring- 
ham royal estate in Norfolk, 
were each fined £100 by 
King’s Lynn magistrates yes- 

The men. both from King's 
Lynn, pleaded guilty to three 
poaching offences. They were 
caught by a police dog han- 
dler.- . 

Hospital tests 
on death virus 

Tests were carried out at a 
north Staffordshire hospital 

esterday after the deaths of 
Jve elderly patients from a 
virus resembling influenza. 

Admissions to the ward in 
„ Edward's Hospital in 
Cheddleton have been halted 
while the infection is being 

Rape victim rescued 

A woman bricklayer told a 
Centra] Criminal Court jury 
yesterday that she was rescued 
by police in riot gear after she 
had been held captive and 
raped in an east London flat 
Hie woman aged 34 said 
she had been held prisoner all 
night and had been threatened 
with knives before being raped 
three times in the third-floor 
flat in Hackney. 

When the tenant, an unem- 
ployed man, aged 59, who 
denies a charge of rape, fell 
asleep, she had crept to the 
telephone and called a friend 
who arrived with the police. 
She said the door to the flat 

was locked, and the windows 
would not open very far. She 
had hidden three carving 
knives in a rubbish bin. then 
scrawled out a note which she 
dropped from the kitchen 
window to a policeman below. 
The note, which was shown to 
the jury, said: “Please hurry, 
he's awake again, and I can't 
take much more". 

Mr Peter Cooper, for the 
prosecution, said that minutes 
later, when the accused was in 
the hallway, riot police had 
smashed down the front door 
on top of him. causing “quite 
serious injuries”. 

The trial continues today. 

Compensation for 
injury by teacher 

By Craig Seton 

A teenage boy has become 
the fust pupil to win an award 
from the Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board for inju- 
ries inflicted by a teacher at 

The board announced yes- 
terday that Stephen McKevitt, 
now aged 15, had received an 
interim payment of £200 after 
an incident in 1984 at the 
Glaisdale Comprehensive 
School Bilbo rough, Notting- 
ham, when he was summoned 
outside a classroom by Mr 
James Demscott. a woodwork 
teacher, for misbehaving. 

A doctor who examined the 
boy, then aged 1 3. said that be 
had received injuries that were 
“compatible with being forc- 
ibly grabbed around the 

“His windpipe was painful- 
ly swollen and he had livid red 

The decision to award com- 
pensation was the first of its 
kind in the 22-year history of 
the board and it was hailed as 
a victory by Stopp. the Society 
of Teachers Opposed to Physi- 
cal Punishment. 

Mr Joseph McKevitt, the 
boy's father, a van driver, of 
Baythorpe Road, Bilbo rough, 
was later prosecuted and fined 
£250 for assaulting Mr Derris- 
cott after he had learnt of his 
son's injuries. 

He claimed that the boy had 
been “half strangled" in the 

Nottinghamshire police 
said yesterday that Mr Denis- 
con had been cautioned by a 
senior officer who investigat- 
ed the incident, but the boy’s 
mother. Mrs Linda McKevitt, 
aged 32, demanded that the 
education authority should 
review the teacher’s position 
at the school. 

She said: "We feel angry 
and bitter and we do not think 
that he should any longer be 
allowed to teach children." 

She claimed that her son 
had not misbehaved and said 
that Mr Demscott had ac- 
cused him of not working 
while he was out of the room. 

Stopp yesterday accused the 
police of double standards in 
prosecuting the boy's father 
but not taking any action 
against the teacher. 

Miss Julie Macfarlane. the 
society's research co-ordina- 
tor, said: “What concerns us is 
the reluctance of the police 
force to prosecute the teacher 
following what has now been 
recognized by the board as a 
criminal act, an act which 
resulted in injuries to the 

Nottinghamshire Education 
Committee yesterday refused 
to say whether any disciplin- 
ary action had been taken 
against Mr Demscott 

The teacher was not avail- 
able for comment 

Britain used as dump 
for low-quality goods 

Britain was becoming the 
dumping ground of the devel- 
oped world for manufactured 
products, according to Mr 
Michael Montague, chairman 
of the National Consumer 

“The United States and 
most of Western Europe sim- 
ply would not permit the kind 
of goods we find here in cut- 
price shops and on market 
stalls." he told the annual 
seminar of the Society of 
Trading Standards Officers in 

“Tough product-safety 
measures are not only good for 
the consumer and good for 
trading standards depart- 
ments, they are also good for 
British industry" he said. 

Trading standards officers 
and consumers recognized the 
inseparable links between 
economy, industry and stan- 
dards. "but my concern is that 

indusuy does not yet share 
our point of view" 

British companies which 
complied with safety stan- 
dards were often put at a 
disadvantage by cheap foreign 
imports, Mr Montague said. 
But if goods could be inspect- 
ed long before they reached 
the market, that unfair compe- 
tition could be removed. 


Box No 

C/o Times 
P.O. Box 4 84 
Virginia Street 
El 9DD 

Train thief is jailed for 10 years 

A man who terrorized train 
passengers was jailed for 10 
years at the Centra) C rimina l 
Court yesterday. 

Richard Baker, aged 21. told 
police: “I like carrying a gnn 
and being a ganffiter.” 

Mr Brian Walsh, QC, the 
recorder, said he hoped that 
the 10 -year term would act as 
a deterrent to other would-be 
railway robbers and added: 
“The amount of crime of tins 
nature on public transport las 
reached frightening 

Baker, armed with a replica 

revolver and a knife made 
nine attacks, the court was 
told. , „ . . 

He threatened “timid" 
young men with death, and 
forced them to hand over their 
cash, watches and jewellery. 
Miss Rebecca Poulet, for the 

prosecution, said. 

His capture came when he 
tried to rob Mr Neaguro 
Sheth, aged 21, a student, who 
put up a fight on a train 
between Sbenfidd and Liver- 
pool Street station, London. 

. Another passenger, Mr 
George Vincent, aged 66, a 

retired policeman, tackled 
Baker, wrenched the gun from 
his hand and held on to him 
until help arrived. 

Thejudge praised Mr Sheth, 
from South Woodford, Essex, 
and Mr Vincent, from 
Woodham Feners, also in 
Essex, for their “great 
courage". He awarded them 
£100 each. 

Baker pleaded guilty to two 
charges of robbery. He was 
convicted of six- other robber- 
ies. and of assaulting Mr Sheth 
with intent to rob. 

Arts bodies ‘rely too much on State’ 

Richard Luce, Minister 
; Arts, yesterday accused 
ibour Party of trying to 
the cultural “arm’Sr 
principle” which sepa- 
the Sate from arts 

also restated govern- 
policy, warning arts 
i that there was no 
milcss pit" of funds to 
rt them- . : 

bipartisan approach to 
uding was under strain. 
Labour promising to 
r arts spending and 
the national companies 

By David Hewson, Arte Correspondent 
under direct control Mr Luce opbuon by continuing to as- 

said in a speech in Wells; 
Someiset, marking Ms six 

months as Aits Minister. 

“The main result is likely to 
be some loss of independence 
for the companies. Without a 
vigorous independent Arts 
Council to act as a buffer 
between the Government and 
the arts, ministers would come 

sume that the State must 
provide additional resources 
when. they were needed. “I 
believe this flies in the face of 
ihc shift in public attitudes 
which has taken place over the 
past few years. 

"The idea that there is a 
bottomless pit in the Treasury 
and that any government can 
borrow its way out of trouble. 

under enormous pressure to 
reduce the funding of a theatre has lost creditably, 
company that produced a "This message applies as 

controversial play.” 10 ^ ans 10 

He accused the arts world of other area of our national life 
being out of touch with public The. Government will contin- 

ue to keep up its spending on 
the arts. But reliance by arts 
bodies on the Government to 
proride an ever increasing 
proportion of their funding 
would be as unwise as it is 

Mr Luce urged aits groups 
to become better at selling 
their services to the public. 
“All arts bodies would gain by 
making their grams go further 
through managing themselves 
more efficiently and by in- 
creasing their income through 
marketing themselves more 

The paperclip is a classic example of 
practical design. Just the sort of innovation 
that makes small businesses grow large. 

Mobil, through good design and 
technical ingenuity are leaders in the field 
of petroleum product technology. During 
Industry Year, together with the Design 
Council we have launched Design finr 
Growth ’86. It’s a competition specifically 
for small businesses. 

Design for Growth 

The aim is to help small companies 
which have innovative ideas or products - 
and bring them into the public eye. With a 
cash prize of £10,000 for the overall 
winner, advertising and a major exhibition 
of the top fifty entries, it will also 
encourage these small businesses to grow. 

For more information on Design for 
Growth ’86, and entry details, write to the 
Awards Office, Design Council, 28 
Haymarket, London SW1Y 4SU. 


































































^PARLIAMENT MARCH-1.1:- 1 9,86 

Nuclear deterrent 

Sealink dispute 


Cost of Trident rises by £584m 


The revised estimate for the 
Trideni programme showed an 
increase of £584 million, to 
£9,869 million, over last year, 
Kir George Younger, Secretary 
of State for Defence, said during 
question time in the Commons 

Asked for details of the latest 
estimates for the missile pro- 
gramme. he said: The pro- 
gramme has been recosted as 
pan of the annual long-term 
costing of the defence pro- 
gramme. By convention, that 
costing assumes exchange rates 
prevailing last June, which for 
the dollar gives a rate of £1 
equals Si. 28. 

On thal basis, the revised 
estimate for Trident is £9.869 
million at average 1985-86 
prices, an increase of £534 
million over last year's estimate. 
£324 million of this increase 

reflects a lower exchange rate 
than was assumed last year. 

The remaining increase oi 
£260 million, or only 2.8 per 
cent, reflects inflation offset by 
real cost reductions arising from 
better definition as the pro- 
gramme progresses. 

Costs therefore are firmly 
under control and I am glad to 
say that the programme remains 
on time for an in-service date ol 
the mid-1990s. I am making 
available to the Public Accounts 
Committee a more detailed 
report on the state of the project 
as a whole. 

Mr Timothy Yeo (Suffolk South, 

Cr. Even bearing in mind that 
the rise in the pound against the 
dollar on the date quoted will 
further reduce the cost of Tri- 
dent. nevertheless there are 
many people in this country 
concerned about the way in 
which expenditure on Trident 
may curtail spending on other 
important defence program mes. 

Mr Younger: The calculation of 
expenditure has been done 
deliberately by me on exactly 
the same basis which by conven- 
tion has been done every year, 
basing the dollar at the rate it 
was on June the previous year. 

So far as the weight of the 
Tndcm programme on the de- 
fence programme as a whole, f 
can confirm this leaves it still as 
an average of 3 per cent of the 
defence programme, or 6 per 
cent of the equipment pro- 
gramme. That is sun weH within 
our means for such an im- 
portant system of our defence. 
Dr David Owen (Plymouth, 
Devon port, SDP): Last year 
when this cost was given it was 
the Government's intention to 
keep level funding in the de- 
fence budget- Now the Trident 
increased costs have to be taken 
on a defence budget which has 
been cut by 7 per cent over I he 
next three years in real terms, 
how can he go on claiming he 

can support the conventional 
defence effort currently 

Mr Younger Very much SO. 

Particularly as be may notice 

that the rate of inflation for the 
Trident programme is very 
much lower than that for the 
defence programme as a whole. 
Because of the offsetting of other 
savins, it is well within what we 
can afford. 

Mr Antony Marlow (Northamp- 
ton NOrth East, Q: Is not 
Trident cheap at the price and 

jolly good value? 
Mr Younger He 1 

Mr Younger He is right. There 
is no other way at a comparable 
price in which we can so secure 
peace for this country in future. 
Mr Denzil Davies, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence 
and disarmament: As the in- 
creased cost of Trident an- 
nounced today is bound to come 
out of the budget for con- 
ventional defence spending and 
as that is static or railing in real 

terms, does he not agree that 
with the cost of Trident increas- 
ing there is no other place from 
which that spending on Trident 
can come? 

The American end of the cost 
of Trident is out of thecontrol of 
the Government being deter- 
mined by the exchange rale and 
the charges of the American 
armaments contractors. 

Mr Younger. [ have kept the 
calculations within the normal 
conventions of the exchange 
rate. It is not altogether 
favourable to the cause I would 
wish to put but I hope he would 
regard it as fair. 

The key factor is that the total 
weight on the defence pro- 
gramme of Trident is smaller 
than the Tornado programme. 
It secures our safety and defence 
for the future and 1 would have 
though] most people would . 
regard it as an extremely good 

Threat to restrict 
Belgian access to 
British ports 


Rape close 
to being 
a growth 

^ , i u i 

L t s % 

.f s 

ill ~ 

1 r# 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secretary 
of Stale for Transport, told the 
Commons that the issuing by 
his officials of letters of 
consultation about the possible 
use of Section 14 of the Mer- . 
chant Shipping Act 1974 to 
restrict the access of the Belgian 
stare ferry company RMT to- 
United Kingdom ports showed 

bow seriously he was taking the 
problem of British Eenies 
Seal ink's access to Belgian ports. 

Opening a debate on Euro- 
pean Community shipping pol- 

icy, be said be hoped that British 
Ferries Sealink would quickly 
receive approval for the service 

Why Gorbachov offer fails 


For the Russians to move their 
intermediate nuclear weapons 
from eastern Europe to Asia 
from where they could quickly 
return them to Europe was 
totally different from the zero 
option, Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said when challenged by Mr 
Nell Kinnock. Leader of the 
Opposition, on her reasons for 
not accepting the recent offer by 
Mr Gorbachov. 

Mr Kinnock opened the ex- 
changes during Prime Minister's 
questions by asking whether 
Mrs Thatcher agreed that her 
important exchange of letters 
with Mr Gorbachov should be 
published, in the public interest. 

Does she recall saying, in 
November 1983. that the best 
Christmas present Mr Andrei 
Andropov could give the West 
would be to dismantle the SS20s 
and accepting the zero option? 

Now that Mr Gorbachov has 
publicly made that offer, why 
does she not at least pursue 
discussions based on the pro- 
posal to get the SS20s out of 
Europe altogether? 

Mrs Thatcher Mr Kinnock is 
mistaken in thinking that that is 
the offer Mr Gorbachov has 
made. He is not meeting the 
zero option by moving the 
weapons to the' Far East from 
where they could be moved 
back. That is totally different. 
Mr Kinnock: is she telling us 
that she is willing to go so far as 
io inhibit the removal of all 
interim weapons from the east 
and west of Europe because of 
problems relating to Asia? 

Would she not pursue the 
question of dismantling SS20s 
so that, not only is the menace 
in Europe removed, but also the 
possibility of ensuring that no 
additional menace arises, even 
in the Far East? 

Mrs Thatcher There is no point 
in moving weapons to a place 
from which they can be moved 

back to be a menace to this 

I would remind him that 
when Mr Andropov was dealing 
with certain weapons, he said 
“We are not naive people”. 
What a pity Mr Kinnock does 
not take that on board. 

Mr Kinnock: On such an im- 
portant issue which affects the 
fate of all of us, and that of 
future generations, I hope she 
can be a little more rational in 
her approach and not simply 
resort to party political dogma. 

Since she says she wants to 
concentrate on achieving realis- 
tic viable arms control methods, 
why does she not pursue the 
possibility of securing a freeze in 
nuclear arms development since 
that is plainly the most balanced 
and viable of all control mea- 

Mrs Thatcher: First because 
you are freezing imbalances. 
"Unless you modernize the 
strategic deterrent, it soon 
ceases to be a deterrenL Thai is 
presumably why his party mod- 
ernized Chevaline. 

A shift of power 
to workpeople 

^ SSssSsSisrt 

a Community-wide basis, to 
defend our shipping interests, j 
Mr'Babot Hughes, chief Oppo- ! 
sition spokesman on transport. : 
said the Belgian port authorities 
were trying to freeze S ea li nk out 
of Ostend and were refusing , 
right of access io Zeebrugge. Mr j 
Ridley had taken the matter 
extremely seriously. He and b* 
staff at the Department of 

Transport had done a lot of 
work in trying to have this . 
problem resolved without 
resorting to the action the 
minister bad mentioned. - 
He is as irritated as I am (be 
went on) by the way the case we , 
have been jointly prosecuting 
has not been helped by the way 


Rape had now become almost a 
growth industry, a Labour per 
declared taring qKS&MS te te 
House of Lads about the 
(pcraasbS meideiic* of rape 

Earlier. Lady Muckoti of Bon* 
(O had ashed the Government 
whether - any- . dantooss to 
procedures were befog consid- 
ered to MBtWe victims of sexml 

assaait and rape to report tne 

motion m vi ting me House to 
take note of a European 
Community document on 
pi ogress towards a common 

the House to about ou r 

difficult to accept that when the 
Belgian authorities asked for an 

operating plan S ea l inlt sai d tins 
would tala from a week to 10 

days or a fortnight to produce. 
The debate should be cond u cte d 
against the background of the 
current position of the merc hant 
fleet. That revealed a disastrous 
decline; in the British ship 

i °Ln^975 there bad been 1.833 
ships registered in the United 
Kingdom, but by 1980 that 
figure was down to 1358 ships 
and by 1985 it had farther 
reduced to 600. Trade umon 
sources estimated the ue« 
would shrink to 300 by the end 
of the current year 

It was true the General Coun- 
cil of British Shipping represent- 
ing ship owners forecast a figure 
of400, but whichever was right, 
as a maritime nation everyone 
should be concerned. 

Sir Edward d» Cana (Taun- 
ton, C) said the debate was of 
the greatest importance to the 
economic and defence well- , 
being of the natum. ‘ 

Britain's merchant , fleet was 
now the smallest it had been this 
century with serious economic ; 
and defence impfkatioas. It was I 
no good the Prime Minister 
saying it was all fra -the best as 
this simply was not so. He did 
not know where .she got her 
advice from, but it was wrong. 

He suggested the appoint- 
ment of a single Minister in 
charge of maritime aflaira. 

The time had come to end the 
rhetoric. The United Kingdom 
was in a situation of crisis as was 
the Community' and the po- 
sition was deteriorating- Min- 
isters should find it possible to 
identify andlaxgelj to eliminate 
the canses whim forced owners 
to flag out their 1 ships or go out 


While the announcement of a 
local management and local 
employee buy-out of the Vickers 
shipyard was welcome, even 
i more welcome would be the 
announcement of the signing of 
the first comma of the Trident 
j programme, Mr Cecil Franks 
I (Barrow and Furness, Ol said 
during questions in the Com- 

Mr Norman Lament, Minister 
of State for Defence Procure- 
ment; I know he very much 
welcomed the announcement 
He may recall the words of the 
1974 Labour manifesto which 
talked about irreversible shift of 
power to workpeople. That is 
what is happening at Barrow. 
Mr Dale CampbeU-Savours 
(Workington. Lab): Would not 
jobs at Barrow and Cumbria be 
beuer safeguarded if Vickers 

had been retained in the public 
sector? What assurance can he 
give that thousands of jobs wiD 
not be lost in Barrow directly 
aricine mil nf rhis nrivnti ration^ 

arising out of this privatization? 
Mr Lamont What everybody in 
Barrow wants to know is now 
the Labour Party can maintain 
employment there when they 
are going to cancel Trident and 
at the same time say they are not 
going to increase spending on 
conventional defence. 

Cornish tin 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister said in the 
Commons that the Government 
would be in a better position to 
judge the situation when the tin 
markets reopened and they 
knew the new price, but the 

Hughes: Sealink has 

maritime transport policy. The 
motion welcomed the United 
Kingdom's endeavours to 

Government was willing to encourage the adoption and 
consider grants to projects to implementation of measures 

make the Cornish tin mines 
competitive in the new situa- 

Long-term costing of 
defence programme 

Mrs Thatcher had given a most 
constructive response to Mr 
Gorbachov. Mr George Youn- 

ger, Secretary of State for De- 
fence. said during Commons 
questions. No final decision, he 
added later, had yet been taken 
about the precise date of this 
year’s defence White Paper, but 
it would not be very different 
from the date on which h was 
published last year. 

He told Mr James Lamond 
(Oldham Central and Royton. 
Lab) that in the normal way he 
would be considering the long- 
term costing of the defence 
programme over the next few 

Mr Lamond: Since he is having 
trouble finding the money to 
finance even conventional de- 
fence. should he not have been 
exening a little more pressure 
on the Prime Minister so that 
sue did not give such a strident 
reply to the Soviet Lfnion? This 
would have enabled us to aban- 
don Trident and save £ 1 0,000 

Mr Younger: I do not agree. I 

thoroughly support the Prime 
Minister’s most constructive re- 
sponse to Mr Gorbachov. 

Mr Allen McKay (Barnsley 
West and Penisione. L abf. A 
close analysis of the long-term 
costings would indicate that 
with the cost of Trident we shall 
finish up with the most expen- 
sive defence forces in the whole 
of Europe and the worat- 
equipped and most poorly- 
trained conventional forces. 

Mr Younger: In general Trident 
takes on average 3 per cent of 
the defence budget. By no 
stretch of the imagination could 
thal be said to be a major inroad 
into our normal defence pro- 

Need to keep 

Protests at costing of 
Labour’s programme 

It was absolutely vital to 
maintain the sanctions of law 
against local councillors who 
had a duty to set a legal rate by 
the appropriate time to ensure 
they carried out their duty 
properly. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said during Commons ques- 


Parliament today 

Lords (2.30): Debates on legal 
status of nuclear war and pro- 
posal to establish commission 
on world disarmament pro- 

Commons (2.30):Debates on 
Opposition motions on the City 
and on support for students in 
further and higher education. 

She was replying to Mr 
William Cash (Stafford. C) who 
said the left-wing councillors in 
Lambeth and Liverpool de- 
served what they were gening 
for their wilful misconduct- It 
was a pathetic sight to see Mr 
Neil Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition, trying to get himself 
off this hook. 

The Government should 
mainiain the laws of surcharge 
and disqualification as the only 
reasonable remedy for ensuring 
left-wing councillors throughout 
the country did not wantonly 
use up ratepayers’ money. 

Land Rover meeting defence needs 

Labour MPS made a strong 
protest in the Commons over 
costings, amounting to £24 bil- 
lion, of the Opposition’s spend- 
ing programmes given recently 
in a written answer by Mr John 
MacGregor, chief secretary to 
the Treasury. 

Mr Giles Radice, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on education, 
said to the Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WcatberiN): I seek your guid- 
ance and protection against 
what i consider to be a delib- 
erate misuse by Mr MacGregor 
of the system of written ques- 
tions and answers to spread 
incorrect information about the 
Labour Party’s spending pro- 
posals. and Labour's education 
plans in particular. (Conser- 
vative laughter) 

He said the calculations given 
in a written answer of March 3. 
and published in Hansard, 
quoted an estimate which he 
had never made and which was 
five times higher than he would 
have estimated. 

public debate. He could only need the Com 
advise Mr Radice to use the own hous e in 
ordinary procedures of the away with restr 
House to call Ministers to deny shipowi 
account member state i 

Mr Stuart Bell (Middlesbrough, compete with 
Lab) said Mr MacGregor had other member: 
overcosted Labour’s foreign aid footing, 
proposals by 300 per centThere Second, tt 
must be a redress to correct the “c™ 5 10 arm 1 
impression given in Hansard P 03 *? P° w ^ 
that Labour's programmes were problems whic 
inflationary. °. f protecuomsi 

The Speaker replied that there The^tlralt re 
were ample Parliamentary al dcaJ ^ 

opportunities open to Mr BelL j n future (hi 
Mr Robert Warring (Liverpool - — ; 

West Derby, Lab) suggested that 17 17 *■ 

Mr MacGregor be surcharged • %i 

and disqualified. + -a . 

The Speaker said there were ICJ O© 
precedents for Opposition pro- 
grammes to be costed. The request b 

Dr Oonagh McDonald, an Commission f 
Opposition spokesman on Trea- supplementary 

which would provide fora freely 
competitive shipping policy for 
the Community and the nec- 
essary powers to combat the 
growth of third country protec- 
tionism which damaged or 
threatened to damage Commu- 
nity trade and toe trading 
position of Community fleets. 

In Europe (he said) we need to 
achieve two things. First we 
need the Community to set its 
own house in order and to do 
away with restrictive laws which 
deny shipowners from one 
member stale the opportunity to 
compete with shipowners from 
other member states on an equal 

Second, the Community 
needs to arm itself with appro- 
priate powers to deal . with 
problems which arise as a result 

of protectionism or unfair prac- of business. 

Lord Gtenrtbv. Under Sec- 
retary of Scute, Home Office, - 
Kdd her We axe my weft aware 
of die anguish generated by .. 
these awful offences and we ue 
ceocntKd fa do everything pes- l 
stole to meet the needs of 
victims. The House wffl hare * 
been shocked by the a pp all in g 
cases which have occurred re- -7 ■ 
candy. The Women's National 
Ca mpaign recently pnbtished a 
valuable report on violence 
against wanes and the. Ho me . “ 
Office is cw t nfl y discussing 
with the Association of Chief 
Pu&ee Officers, in the. light of 
Oat report, what farther scope 
there may he for i m pro v i ng 
police procedure fa deafing with 
such crimes.' . 

. He pointed out that these were 
two special units fordesBag with 
rape victims and a farther six 

rices in non-Community states. 

These draft regulations help a 
great deal with both problems. 

In future (he said), with ibe 

If we cannot get a Community 
policy (he said) we should go it 
alone, ft is time we were a hole 
more selfish ' 

EEC demand 
to be fought 

Need to use 
new tech 

The request by the European 
Commission for a £1 billion 

Commission for a £! billion 
supplementary budget for 1986 

sury and economic affairs, sard should be turned down because 
the Speaker’s ruling implied that' « dearly br eached the financial 

Ministers could use the columns 
of Hansard to give information 

discipline pledged to the Com- 
mons in return for the increase 

which was known to be mislead- ®5r 

In view of the Prime Minister’s 
readiness to condemn had trade 
union practices, she should now 
condemn the absolutely scan- 
dalous management practices of 
Mr Robert Maxwell which had 
resulted in the removal of the 
Scottish Daily Record from the 


Defence ministers would not be 
drawn in the Commons on the 
question of whether Land Rover 
exports might be at risk if 
ownership of the company 
passed out of British hands. But 
it was true to say that the 
Bedford subsidiary of the 
United States firm General 
Motors were already substantial 
suppliers of vehicles for defence 
ministry needs. 

Mr John Lee, Under Secretary 
of State for Defence Procure- 
ment, said the question of the 
future of Land Rover was for the 
Department of Trade and In- 
dustry. (Labour laughter}. 

The Ministry of Defence had 
something of the order of 20.000 
Land Rovers in service. The 
MoD looked to the company to 
honour existing and planned 
orders, together with customer 
support, supplies of compo- 
nents. research, development 
and manufacture. 

Mr Lee said he had nothing to 
add to what he had already said. 

Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge. C) said the 
MoD’s purchases of Land 
Rover, and the company’s mili- 
tary exports, would not be 
affected because of pan-owner- 
ship by a foreign concern. Many 
defence suppliers already were 
not entirely British. 

Mr Lee said that was absolutely 

The Speaker replied that be had 
already written to Mr Roy 
Hattersley. chief Opposition 
spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs, on this issue. 
In his letter he said that costings 
of programmes were matters for 

Written answers in Hansard 
had a certain authority and were 
used by MPs as the basis for 
their arguments and debates, 
and also used outside Par- 

The Speaker said he could not 
be held responsible for what was 
contained in written answers. 

vid Heathcoat-Amorjr (Wells, Q 
told the Prime Minister during 

Mrs Thatcher replied: We shall 
fight it hard, as we generally do. 

I totally agree that it fells outside 
what we would accept and we 
should th e re f ore not be expected ' 
to contribute even' more to the 
European Community. 

news stands, Mr Harry Ewing 
(Falkirk East, Lab) said during 
Commons questions. 

Mis Thatcher said it was vital 
that the newspaper industry 
used the latest technology. She 
recalled her the Glasgow 
Herald on its 200th anniversary 
when she saw how they had 
been able to get the latest 
technology ' 

Lord Dean of BeswScfc .(Lab): 
We are almost udfcng today as 
if this has become some sort at 
g r owth industry. We are now 
toad with almost ferity head- 
Bnes on this vOe. obscene crime 
which is now taking-place on an 
in creas in g and ominous scale. 
Lord Gletxartiwrt l ean assure 
him that the police are taking 
whatever steps they possfatycaa 
to reduce the Incidence of rape. 
Lord Misbcon (Lab) said that a 
disincentive for a compfaimatlo 
come forward was the prospect 
of gmng evidence and befog 
cross-examined before the pub- 
lic and press. 

He asked the minister to 
consider the suggestion that the 
coort should be green the dis- 
cretion, wliea a complainant was 
giving evidence, for the court to 
be cleared of the press aad 

Lord deuarthnr replied that 
Chat was the most interesting 
suggestion, which he would con- 
vey to those concerned. 

Lord Knmaird (O Why should 
the creatures who perpetrate 
these horrid crimes he allowed 
the privilege, when getting into 
and out of poQce vehicles, of 
having their faces covered with a 
blanket? Why should they not 
be seen In their true honor? 

Lord Glenartliar replied that 
that applied to other cases, not 
just to rape. He promised to look 
at the matter. 

Lady Masham of Qton (Indk 
There is tremendous feeling 
outside the House, particularly 
among women, that a meaning- 
ful deterrent must be found. 

Lord Glenarthun I can assure 
her that all those involved in this. - 
matter at the Home Office look 
very seriously at all the different 

Lord Stoddart of Swindon (Lab) 
asked about rape victims befog 
harassed by press photog- 
raphers and referred to the 
attempt by one newspaper -to 
show a photograph of a rape 
victim. Tint was a discourage- 
ment for women to report rape 

If cir'j 

> mill* i 

'«*•> t v - 

in ' v ' . ... 

• ■ * i i • . . 

i ./ t 

if- 5* »“ * 

MP calls Reilly case ‘an outrage’ 

Lord Glenarthun I am aware of *' 
foe case and I understand that ' T. 
the Press Council Is holding an ** • 
inquiry into die publication of a 
photograph of an alleged rape 
victim in the Sun newspaper. . 


right. GM’s supply of medium 
trucks to the MoD totalled 


This emerged during ques- 
tions after Mr John Taylor 
(Solihull. O. whose constit- 
uency contains the Land Rover 
plant, asked whether the 
company's long record of export 
success would be at risk, since 
Genera) Motors had said they 
would discriminate as to which 
countries they would or would 
not sell to. 

Mr Kevin McNamara, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence, 
said: The House will have noted 
that it is the Trade and Industry 
Department that is deciding 
who are going to be Britain's 
main defence suppliers. 
(Conservative protests). Would 
it not be better to keep Land 
Rover under British control — 
able to meet Britain’s needs and 
not at the whim of Detroit? 

trucks to the MoD totalled 
about 21.000 at present. 

Earlier. Mr Lee said current 
MoD orders with Land Rover 
were for 4.500 of the new 110 
model. A substantial order for 
the military version of the 
shorter wheelbase 90 model was 
expected soon. He was con- 
fident that the military versions 
of these latest models would 
prove even more attractive than 
their predecessors in the over- 
seas defence market. 

A change in toe law to prevent 
what an MP called ’a repetition 
of the outrage’ over the Patrick 
Reilly case and savage sentences 
for rapists were urged on the 
Prime Minister during questior 
time in the Commons. 

Mr Nicholas Fairbairn (Perth 
and Kinross, Q said she should 
consider altering the English 
law so that pleas were not taken 
until after the jury was sworn. 

In that way the outrage over 
the Reilly case, in which the 
defendeni was cleared of the sex 
murder of seven-year-old Lcoxtie 
Darnley before the jury heard he 
had admitted a series of rape 
attacks, would not have arisen. 
Mrs Thatcher said she would 
pass on the suggestion to the 
Home Secretary (Mr Douglas 
Hurd) and added: It is not open 
to me or to the House to suggest 
that the defendant in this case 
was guilty of an offence of which 
be has been acquitted. Obvi- 
ously I can say nothing more 

limn Hut. 

Mr John Townend (Bridlington, 
O had earlier asked: In view at 
the rise m violent crime, particu- 
larly the appalling, brutal cases 
of rape, does she think it 
appropriate that the courts 
should Impose savage sentences 
as a deterrent? 

Does she not think it is time 
that MPs re-examined then- 
consciences to consider if they 
were right, against the wishes of 
theto constituents, to take away 
from the courts the right of 
corporal and capital putish- 

Mrs Thatcher replied: The Lord 
Chief Justice has set out a very 
dear and firm position for toe 
courts in rape cases and the 
sentences that should be im- 
posed. I have no doubt they will 
follow that and as a gwdefine it 
was, in general, very well re- j 

A decision on capital punish- 
ment would have to get through 
the Commons and the House of 
Lards. We have already had ooe | 
debate. He knows my own views ! 
but it is a matter for toe House . 
on its own vote. 

British work for SDI 

Seven contracts have so fer been 
publicly announced by British 
companies for participation in 
the United States strategic-de- 
fence initiative programme, Mr 
Norman Lamont. Minister of 
State for Defence Procurement, ; 
said during questions in the 
Commons. There Yvas no rea-“ 
sou. he added later, why British 
companies who were the leaders 
in defence technologies in so 
many areas, could not capture a 
very significant part .of the 

i / - • . , 

■t ^ 



Diesel fuel | London bus firm takes I Dales warning on 

discovered 1 1 - ° 

in miik on inter-city route a ™y of walkers 

irr, - 

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Ar Thom.iM UmJ.'uc m.ikc our modvm kuriwr 
lumiriirc jiiJ V '.hv'tvftiolds rite oLI tibhvmoJ v.a\. 
Sli*wl\, |Min>r,iKin“k jnJ-\i-iny »fu.- hiK-t «»iir 
craftsmen cun l.iv rlv.-ir hjnJ, «>n. 

But ueJnil't sell n».»!ii*pN hue. iiim.' tlu rcr.iileroiii.iri. up 
woulvi prohihlv push mu r pncc«. '.Llunh. $«■ K m-Hiiii: !;rci r 
r<>v>”. .<r h<'iifc. ■.'’(! o-ii l lircr.iih p- 'unj.. 

You l . 11 1 live vviiIl i mr tumirurv li*r lI.v.o K fnrc 
Jcading ro keep it .imJ Min n c«»u reJIn i»ur 2 u-nr^ uulx 
on ni:ir<_< .uiJ vvurhii.inship. 

Our brwluirv !■•!!■« ton inorc aNwir k-.irlier tumirurv 
rli.ui ,ni\ -h 'p iu'iiIlI.SciiJ Fit .i o > p\ rod.iv 
i TTOI.TTI IE i 'Ol IV Vv t VI t H T Tl It Mli ■! 'I.I.M.W 

Thousands of bottles of 
milk have been contaminated 
with diesel fuel in Hereford 
and customers supplied by 
Northern Dairies in the city 
have been advised to check all 
bottles of silver top milk. 

Sabotage has not been ruled 
out and the police are investi- 
gating. The affected bottles 
have the letter N on their tops. 

The alarm was raised when 
customers in the Forest of 
Dean -area of Gloucestershire 
noticed thal milk was tainted. 
Health officials said that al- 
though the miik had an un- 
pleasant smell and taste it 
would not cause senous harm. 

Distance ban 
on solicitor 

Government bus policy 
took a startling turn yesterday 
when London's famous red 
bus company launched into 
inter-city expresses to the 
Midlands while abandoning 
local bus routes in London. 

From next Monday the 
company will operate a deluxe 
coach service to Birmingham, 
called London Liner, offering 
a 2v>hour journey between 
city centres at £9 return in 
partnership with the West 
Midlands passenger transport 

London Liner buses will 
have lavatories, telephone, 
video and steward service. 
The Midlands service is the 

Michael Bafly, Transport Editor 

first of several and although it 
will take an hour longer on the 
route than British Rail, it wUI 
cost half as much. 

Mr John Beasley, chairman 
of London Buses, admitted 
yesterday that the new service 
was being launched at a lime 
when the company had pulled 
out of 1 6 suburban services in 
London, but added: “Deregu- 
lation enables us to compete 
with others as well as letting 
them compete with us. We 
don't intend to just sit back 
and Set it hit us.” 

London Liner, involving a 
£750,000 investment in 12 
coaches, should make a profit 
of more than £50.000 a year. 

and that will help London’s 
local services. Mr Beasley 

In suburban London, local, 
operators could undercut the 
company, which had a costly 
wage agreement with its crews. 

With a £130 million-a-year 
subsidy, profits from coaches 
would improve total viability 
and help the company to 
compete in local London ser- 

“If we don’t build profits in 
services like this, we will 
always be at risk in tendering 
for local London services to j 
the private operator who has I 
other profitable businesses", j 
Mr Beasley said. 

By Peter Davenport 

The Three Peaks area of the Peaks walk, whh 1 0,000 com- 
Yorkshire Dates National pleting the circuit. . 

Park is beginning to be worn ' National Park officers have 
away under the feet of a carried . out research into 
growing army of walkers.- _ methodsrof restoring and re- 

A report by Mr Richard pairing, footpaths so as not to 
**arvey, the National Park daroage conservation sites in 
officer, into the widescale **•* area. More than half the 
erosion of hillside footpaths square miles of the park 
says that £500.000 wiu be are designated sites of special 
needed to repair the damage. ■ scientific interest 
The report gives a wanting - T^ e re Port is to be consid- 
that the increasing popularity er «* “morrow by the York- 
of the peaks. Pen-y-ghenti -'5? 1?ie National Park 

Wheraside, and Ingteborough. Committee, 
is threatening to destroy the - ‘Lhe committee is to ask the 
uniquely rugged beauty of the Department of ibe Environ- 

area. . .. ment f °r £100,000 annual 

Mr Harvey said; “The prate * S 13 " 0 0ver the next five years 
lems wifl noi go away. On the l0 can Y out the repairs." 

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THOM A. -v LLO> i ■ Af . gQ 'I iFK I E-TVTP Tj-Fi '.Rt'HV < T-»: r P L j 

I A solicitor has been tempo- 
ararily banrud te the High 
3 Court from practising within a 
I five-mite radius of Heath field. 

I 5 East Sussex. 

A Tunbridge Wells firm of 
solicitors claimed on Monday 
that Mr William Medhursi, of 
| Castle Hill. Rolherfield. broke 
| a condition of a 1980 take- 
3 over agreement on deciding to 
i help to set up a new practice in 
s Ma> field when the firm which 
ij took over his business wiih- 
| crew from that village. 

EEC hill farm aid ‘mismanaged’ 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Aid to hill fanners has been 
mismanaged and has led to 
conflict between conservation 
and agriculture, a report pub- 
lished loday says. 

In a study fgr the Aridetou 
Trust Dr Malcolm Smith, of 
the Nature Conservancy 
Council, claims that although 
nearly half the United King- 
dom qualified for EEC aid ibr 
less favoured areas, compared 

with only one fifth in France, 
the French had provided assis-. 
lance much more sensitively. 

Larger farms had unfairly 
benefited because Britain had 
failed to limit livestock num- 

Compensatory payments 
had also been linked to a very 
crude distinction between ar- 
eas that were the least disad- 
vantaged and those which 

were worse affected 
The inequitable share-out of 
EEC aid had ted to ever 
greater agricultural develop- 
ment. including drainage, of 
wetlands, ploughing of moor- 
land and the abandonment of 
traditional management ; of 
hay meadows, the report says. 
Overgrazing of mountain 
grasslands and moors ., was 

contrary, they will gk worse, 
and the Three Peaks wifi 
degenerate into a, rural slum.” 

. Some of the padts 'are 150 
feet wide and appear as large 
ugly stare on the hillside’ - 
particularly on Whimside and 
Pen-y-gheoL Years of damage 
by. walkers have been made 
worse by rain.' 

Seven million people live 
within a 90-minute drive of 
the park, and up. to 50.000 
.enthusiasts a year dimb pen- 
y-ghent and Whirnside, and 
133-000 tackle lngleborougfr. 
-Every year about. 15,000 at- 
tempt the ; full 23-mite Three 

• There were 196 rescue inci- 
dents in the Lake District last 
year, compared with 220 in 
1984, according to the Moun- 
totn Accident Association: 
There were J4 deaths in 1 985. 
and 24 the year before. 

Riots charge 

. . Mr Rehad Desai. aged 22i a 

student .from . Finchley, north 
London, was committed for 
tnal ^ on bafl by Tottenham 
magistrates yesterday chained 
with conspinng to make petrol 
bombs on: October k the day 
of the riots, last year. 

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Tnc iiivitS WEDNESDAY iviAkCri i 2 iv&6 

riuMii NEWS 

, Entrepreneurial spirit 

to restore inner cities’ 

% Band Walker, Social Policy Correspondent 
Srataly6 , f^tefo?^^^ , in <*^8^ of urban pices two -months ago. are 

aJiast n§?& {3$SW* tf ^®* ta ^*» dlhi ’ 

the way to regenerate Britain’s mehL “They win aim to improve 

rct ^ n to Lord Young said the self- jointwodring between govern- 
IhS hSfSSESuES^ 2 >mt of confidence and dynamism “®nt departments. They wfl! 

atUMt that were “aa essential ma^-aimto secure a larger dice of 
^ diem for the small busSesT the cake of existing govern- 
f oy 5 v east man would go a long way to ' mcnt programmes for their 
London, Lord Young echoed improving inner cities” Gov- areas where deprivation is 

the . Pnme Ministers .recent eminent a 
taIkpf w popularcaphaIism* , m particular 
arguing that most people had skifltramic 
it wuhintbem selves to start .^he. end of 

dient for the small business- the cake of existing govern- 
roan would go a long way to ment programmes for their 
improving inner cities’'. Gov- areas where deprivation is 

enunent aid. -would assist; 111051 intense, by foc using 
particular in education and more sharply the programmes 

• i j tlwwnefrVtiM Pvnaliv in AAntttL 

.m-L uiuh people aaa skill traming, but he signalled 
^ VCS - stm «ad ofJargt programmes: 
j. -j ? f government intervention in 
Enren^se nms much wid- inner urban areas. 

Lw* Young made itorefer- 
Loid Young said. . It means race at alko tne ^partnership” 
^'^arrangement, involving locnl 

; A was especially relevan t in run- 
down areas of the cities. . . 

Lord Young’s wide-ranging 
speech marked the end of 
months of Whitehall in-fight- 
ing over which ministry 
should have the leading role in 
inner-city policymaking. 

iut he signalled themselves. Finally, in consul- 
£ programmes- tanon with the local commu- 
mtenrentronin “V* 'hey will work out 
as. distinctive approaches to local 

made no refer- employment problems.” 

i-^armer^iip’; LordYoung laid special 
I1V 2 V ^." , T weight on educational reforms 
>y the Depart- in timer ritics. Tbe foun- 

rS'SESTK -dgtpneduaidonnlrrfenn, 

deoce and 'desire to take action ““ ones.. The fouit. 
to imnrove vbur mvn t» 7T. , , l zL-fS vm T im 2_‘ datron of enterprise m em- 

rsponses’* outride the ambrt schools should be instrwnen- 
• tal in instilling in children the 
™|f ” ~V .to r^eneraUon ti ght attitude towards work 

of noise 
by private 

wasn^vtoimls. “One of the especially important in 
losses of the inner cities in the innw ritv travarHc “onftH 

im oyer which mmistiy nineteenth century was the 
should have the l ea din g role in disapp earance of tire - most 
inner-city poliey ma k ing . entrepreneurial and most able 
He made it dear last night . with conseouent loss ofleader- 
that he was in charge, and the ship, and that needs to be 

Govenunenfs interest had 
moved away from the rebuild- 
ing^ programmes fevoured by 
the Department of the £nvi- 

changed,” he said. 

Lord Young also provided 
new details of what the Task 
Forces, established under De- 

ronment, which is still noini- partment of Employment aus- 

BBC drops action 

' against editor 

The BBC has decided not to 
take disciplinary action 
against the editor of Rough 
Justice. Mr Etwyn Parry 
Jones, over tire Mycock affair, 
it was announced yesterday. 

The National Union of 
Journalists released a letter 
from the BBC’S managing 
director, Mr Bin Cotton, in 
which he told Mr Parry Jones 
that he had considered a. 
report into the way an investi- 
gative team worked on a 
programme, but the matter 
was now dosed. 1 
Two BBC journalists. Mr 
Martin Young and Mr Peter 
Hill, were suspended without 
> pay for their pan in a /tough. 
Justice programme which tel 
to the freeing of Mr Tony 
Mycock, who had been jailed, 
for five years for burglary. 

Lord Lane, the Lord Chief 
Justice, criticized the gur fin- 

tire methods used in -obtaining 

Mr Parry Jones declined to 
comment yesterday. “To do, 
so might be regarded as a 
breach of discipline in itself 
and he is naturally wary, given 
his recent experience. 1 know 
that he is pleased and i 
relieved”, Mr Ian Yonge, his j 

• The NUJ’s broadcasting of 1 
freer, Mr John Foster, said 
. action against Mr Parry Jones i 
would have been “rough Jus- j 
tice indeed”, and that BBC 
manag ement abused normal 
disciplinary procedures- . j 

However, Mr Foster’s cafl j 
for Rough Justice to return “as 
soon as possible” had a luke- 
warm response; from tire BBC. 

“The future of the pro-1 
gramme is still under -oqn-l 
, sideration'’, a spokesman said. 

for 10 years 

Dominic McGfinchey, for- 
mer dutfofstaff of the 
banned Irish -National Liboa* 
tion Army who was extradited 
from the Irish Republic, was 
jailed for 10 years yesterday. 

McGlincbey, aped 31, had 
pleaded not gouty in the 
Special 'Criminal Court in 
Dublin to having a gun and 
shooting with, intent to resist 
arrest and endanger life, after 
his capture in Co Clare in 
March 1984. 

He was returned to the 
republic to. stand trial last 
October after ' a successful 
appeal against a life sentence 
imposed in Belfast for the 
murder of an elderly woman 
in Co Antrim in 1977. 

popular as tney wax •»*»* 
the signs are that the halcyon 
days may have gone for good, 
a leading article in Police, the 
-monthly magazine of the Po- 
lice Federation, says. *- 

In a frank assessment of the 
effect of pressures on tire 
police, the article gives a 
warning of the danger of a. 
force that has become isolat- 
ed, lost popularity and whore 
officers put group loyalty first. 

“A force which comes to see 
itself as isolated from the 
largely atiraaied communities 
of tire inner city, and not 
properly understood by those 
whose »ipport was once toko] 
for granted, would be unfitted 
for the crucial task of turning 
bads the tide of crime ana 
violence which threatens Lon- 
don as never before.” 

Referring to tire Metropoli- 
tan Mice, the artiefe says tiurt 
nothing could excise acts of 

nor could it condone misguid- 
ed peer-group loyalty 

“Bid Jet us not pretend 
surprise that officers who, day 
in and out, have to withstand 
hatred, verbal and physical, 
abuse, racial insults and ob- 
scenities, and vicious violence 
directed at them soldy be- 
cause they are police officers, 
should come to firel that 
loyalty to each otlrer tran- 
scends other, unaillifid but 
impersonal, obligations. 

Such trends are cyclical, the 


contains a number of brutal 
police, racist police, apd cop-- 
Spt police, is also the force 
ihat produces the Trevor 
•Lockes. George Hammonds. 
Keith Blakelocks and Yvonne 
Fletchers. In the final araoun^, 
ing, it is they who wffl ret the 
siandards that prevail 

the inner city, towards “good 

“Our aim is to put confi- 
dence and pride bade into 
those who live in the inner 
cities. Although we are putting 
very substantial resources into 
inner dries, I do not believe 
that : pumping money into 
projects is ihe answer. 

Nigel Short, Britain's chess world champion contender, makes his opening moves during play in the world championships 
being staged at the Great Eastern Hotel, Liverpool Street, London (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Fund-raising group joins fight against Aids 

The incidence of Aids (ac- 
quired immune deficiency 
syndrome) in Britain doubles 
every sue to eight months and 
could soon reach epidemic 
proportions, according to a 
new fund-raising group. 

Within three years, Britain 

could be in the same position 
as the United States, where 
8,000 people have died from 
the disease. Mr Martin Kinna, 
of Action Against Aids (AAA), 
said yesterday. 

AAA, whose founders in- 

clude Sir Richard 
Attenborough and Mr John 
Schlesin-ger, the film direc- 
tors, aims to raise money for 
research and advice through 
the Terrence Higgins Trust, 
named after Britain's first 
Aids fatality. 

Speaking at the launch of 
the group at the Society of 
West End Theatre in Covent 
Garden, central London, Mr 
Kinna said that drastic steps 
were needed to fight Aids, 
which had so far led to 140 
deaths in Britain. 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

The Government yesterday 
condemned a “handful" of 
small airfields for not attempt- 
ing to reduce the impact of 
aircraft noise levels. 

Mr Michael Spicer. Minis- 
ter for Aviation, said airport 
owners could minimize noise 
nuisance for residents near-by 
and deplored the "short- 
sightedness" of those who did 
not bother. 

But he said ihe public could 
not be totally protected from 
aircraft noise and the Govern- 
ment strongly supported ibe 
growth of civil aviation. 

Mr Spicer, speaking at an 
Airfields Environment Feder- 
ation meeting in London, said 
centrally imposed noise stan- 
dards had to be backed by 
local determination to keep 
noise down, with “operational 
measures like quieL take-off 
and approach procedures”. 

• The British Airports Au- 
thority disclosed yesterday 
that roof tiles had been sucked 
from two houses by an “air- 
craft vortex" near Heathrow 
Airport on Monday. ‘ 

The authority said no one 
had been injured and the 
householders in Victoria Gar- 
dens, Heston, within a miie of 
the airport, would be compen- 
sated under a special vortex 
insurance scheme. 

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From Michael Harnsby,JohanDesbitrg 
South African police were 

reported by witnesses to have 

V owned fire yesterday on 3^)00 
Wack schoolchildren outside 



< r 

: the Kabokwnji magistrates’ 
. court near White River, East- 
ern Transvaal, killing at least 
three of diem, 'and wounding 

• Tpany others. The police coo- 
■» - firmed two dead, one aged 14 

and the other IS, and 80 

Aeconfiog to Mr Enos 
Mabuza, chief minister of the 
nearby -tribal “bomelaiid” of 
Kangwane, the children had 
\ gathered to attend a court 
hearing fbrsome fellow pupils 

• mvolved in unrest two weeks 
..ago. , 

■ . , “Th e gate Was closed to- 

- keep them out,” Mr Mabuza 
\ said. “The pupils forced the 
\ gate open and went quietly to 

- the building. Suddenly the. 
' . police arrived - and started 

.shooting it random. There 
. .was ho-:reta!iation from the 
pupils.-* : - . 

In another development the 
Government has “tanned*’ 

- two - leading anti-apartheid 
campaigners m the Eastern 
Cape for five years. 

- The move has fuelled fears Internal Security Act; which 
that die authorities may now permits police to detain a 
resort to banning as a means person indefinixely for int erro- 
of silencing black opposition gallon. Police revealed last 
in the absence of the emogen- might that they are also hold- 
cy powers which were tifted ing Miss Sparg's sister, 
last Friday. The men — Mr -Debbie, in connection with 

Henry Fazzie and Mr. Jack 
Mkhuseli were banned, un- 
der the Internal Security Act. 

Mr Fazzie is the vice- 
-- president in the Eastern Cape 
.of the United- Democratic 
Front (UDF), and Mr 
Mkhuseli is the organizer of 
an effective boycott by black 
consumers of. white-owned 
shops in the Rut Elizabeth 
area. The boycott was sus- 
pended only a few days ago, 
making Mr MkhuselTs ban- 
ningeven more mcomprehen- 

, Meanwhile, . police have 
identified the 27-year-old 
white, woman being held in 
. connection --with bomb blasts 
at three police stations in 
' white areas in recent weeks as 
Miss Marion Sporg, a former 

Miss Sparg was arrested 
over the weekend and is being 
held under Section 29 of the 


the bombings. 

Last week limpet mines 
exploded in John Voreter 
Square, the Witwatersrand 
headquarters of the police, 
and in another police station 
in Hill brow, a district in 
central Johannesburg. There 
was another ; explosion on 
February 1 9in a police station 
near East London in the 
Eastern Cape. All the bombs 
were placed in toilets. 

Meanwhite, at least 12 and, 
according to some reports, as 
many as 14- people have died 
in continuing violence since 
the partial state of emergency 
was lifted last Friday. The 
death toll in the past 18 
months is put at more than 

- The strike at Vaal Reefs, 
South Africa's second biggest 
goldmine, owned by the Anglo 
American Corporation, ended 

Joint rule 
for Natal 

Johannesburg— South Afri- 
ca has agreed to consider a 
plan tO set up a multi-ra cial 
administration in Natal (Mi- 
chael Hornsby writes). 

The white areas of the 
province and die KwaZulu 
tribal “homeland'’ would be 
governed by “a joint executive 
authority** with equal black 
and white membership nndcr a 
rotating chairmanship. 

The plan, which has far- 
reaching implications, was 
presented to Mr Chris Homs, 
Minuter of Constitutional De- 
velopment and Planning, in 
Cape Town yesterday by Chief 
Gatsha Buthelezi, the chief 
minhitf of KwaZulu, mid Mr 
RgddyBt CnAnan, the white 
administrator of NataJL 
Chief Batfcelezi and Mr 
*<hwm also informed Mr 
Heanis of plans to hold a 
conference hi Durban on April 
3 to discnss the establishment 
of a joint lojslative authority, 
to which the proposed joint 
executive would be account- 
able. This, in effect, would 
involve the merger ofKwaZnlu 
and “white* Natal. 

The Government is under- 
stood to be much cooler to- 
wards this second phase of tine 

Top Zapu official 
freed in Harare 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

. Mr Vote Mayo. aged 54, the / security section of Chikurubi 

former secretary-general of 
Zimbabwe's opposition Zapu 
party, and an Amnesty Inter- 
national Prisoner of Con- 
science, was released 
yesterday after three years and 
nine months in jaiL 

He had been arrested as he n 
stepped out of the Houses of 
Parliament in June 1982, sus- 
pected of plotting to kill Mr 
Robert Mugabe, the Prime 

Overtire years lawyers have 
fought to persuade the deten- 
tion review tribunal that there 
was no evidence against him. 

It was accepted at an early 
stage that Mr Moyo could not 
have been involved in a 
clumsy shootout involving 
disaffected Zapu soldiers out- 
side Mr Mugabe's residence in 
1982, because he was arrested 
before it took place. 

As he sipped his firstcup of 
tea since his arrest, Mr Moyo 
yesterday voured to return to 
politics and expressed his firm 
support for the talks to unite 
Zapu and Mr.Mugabe’s Zanu 
(PJF) party. 

He stared a “moderately 
large" cell with 18 other 
detainees in the' 

prison on lhe outskirts of 
Harare. They read and played 
bridge, poker and patience. 

Two of the others were Mr 
Philip Hartlebury and Mr 
Colin Evans, former govern- 
ment secret service agents 
detained a year earlier on 
that . they had 
ty information to 
South Africa. 

The case for their release 
goes before the High Court 
tomorrow, as lawyers yet 
again challenge the detention 

Mr Moyo flew to his home 
in Bulawayo last night to be 
reunited with his wife, Ellen, 
and four children. 

“It’s quite a relief; really,” 
he told me. “But my happi- 
ness will only be complete 
once my friends have left.” He 
said there were about 99 Zapu 
detainees still in Chikurubi. 

Last week he and Mr 
Dabengwa, Zapu’s military 
supremo during the liberation, 
who was detained in 1982 
after his acquittal on charges 
of treason, held an unprece- 
dented meeting. with three 
senior Cabinet ministers on 
overcrowding and other con- 
ditions at the prison. 

IRA fight extradition 


From Robert Schnil 

Two convicted IRA terror- 
ists appeared in court in 
Amsterdam yesterday to fight 
an -attempt by Britain to 
extradite them. The extradi- 
tion of Brendan McFarlane 
and Gerard Kelly is being 
sought after their arrest in 
Amsterdam on January 16, 

They escaped from the 
Maze Prison in Belfast in 
September 1 983 during a mass 
break-out. They were serving 
life sentences for murder and 
other acts of terrorism. 

A third man arrested with 
McFarlane and Kelly, 26-year- 
old William Kelly, unrelated 
. to. Gerard, was put on a night 
to Dublin as an undesirable 
alien after being held for two 
weeks by. the Dutch- He was 
arrested on mrival in Dublin 
; but subsequently released. 

. McFarlane and Kelly, who 
remained handcuffed in court 
yesterday, are fighting foeir 
extradition on the ground that 
: ihfir activities were political. 

Mr Gerry Adams, the Smn 
Fein leader, who attended the 
hearing, likened the two - men 
to Dutch resistance fightere 
during the Nazi occupation ol 

Brendan McFarlane at 
yesterday’s hearing. 

The Netherlands during the 
Second World War. 

The trial was also attended 
by the Nobel Peace Prize 
laureate, Mr Sean MacBnae, 
■who appeared as an expert 
witness for the defence. 

The final outcome may nor 
be known for several months 
because of appeal procedures 

arms ban 
man quits 

Washington.— Mr John 
Tower, the former ch a i rm a n 
of the Senate armed services 
committee, has resigned as 
one of the TJS arms control 
negotiators in Geneva, the 
White House said yesterday 
(Michael Binyon writes). He 
was leaving for personal rea- 
sons not because of political 

However, friends and col- 
leagues said he had been 
unhappy in the job he took 14 
months ago, and found it 
lacked excitement At an in- 
ternational meeting in Mu- 
nich last week he said he was 
frustrated with Soviet intran- 
sigence and “did not intend to 
m ake a career out of being a 

Mr Tower, aged 60, a for- 
mer right-wing senator from 
Texas, has handled the negoti- 
ations on reducing long range 
nuclear weapons. The talks are 
deadlocked. He has made no 
secret of wanting to be the US 
Defence Secretary but appar- 
ently now sees no likelihood of 
succeeding Mr Caspar Wein- 


Ecuador’s rebel General Vargas posing defiantly with his troops at the Manta air base on the Pacific coast. 

President trades insults with general 

Quito (Reuter) — President 
Fares Cordero of Ecuador 
has postponed the deadline for 
his rebel former armed forces 
chief to surrender but warned 
that government troops win 
surround his base at dawn 

In his first public statement 
on the crisis since it erupted 
last Friday, the President said 
General Frank Vargas Pazos 
was guilty of insubordination 
and rebellion. 

“You —are not worth a drop 
of Ecuadorean blood,” he told 
General Vargas in a television 
broadcast last night 

General Vargas, sacked on 
Friday as armed forces chief 
and head of the air force for 
jmcnhnr dinafiftn, had by Mon- 
day night rejected a presiden- 
tial ultimatum no surrender his 
command of the Pacific coast 
air force base of Manta. 

He told reporters at the air 
base that he would take to the 
mountains if necessary, but he 
would not surrender. 

President Febres Cordero 
said: “At 6 »-m on Wednesday 
the military enardement will 
begin. Yon have until that hour 
to give yourself up like a 
soldier, like a worthy man, like 

a man of honour, and all the 
time yon want to do it without 

Representatives from near- 
by towns have Hocked to 
Manta to pledge support for 
the general. 

Residents of Cbone, where 
General Vargas was born, are 
also organizing a caravan of 
food and supplies to the base 
at Manta, where electricity 
and water have been cut off. 

General Vargas says he has 
1,000 troops at the base. They 
have been digging in, prepar- 
ing camouflaged machin e- gun 

nests and deploying anti-air- 
craft guns. 

. The President said earlier 
through a provincial governor 
that if General Vargas did not 
surrender by Last night, he 
would say on television what 
measures were to be taken 
against him. 

General Vargas appeared 
incensed by die indirect ulti- 
matum. “i have been threat- 
ened in an imprudent manner. 
If be is a brave man, the 
governor should come to me 
with a weapon (for a doe!) and 
I will show him that he is a 
coward,” he said. 

lashes US 
on envoys 

From Christopher Walker 

The Kremlin yesterday at- 
tacked Washington's call for a 
cut in the number of Soviet 
diplomats at the United Na- 
tions headquarters in New 
York as “defiant and 
unlawful” and hinted that 
such a move could threaten 
this year's summit. 

An angry protest, delivered 
to the US charge d’affaires. Mi 
Richard Coombs, by the Sovi- 
et Foreign Ministry, described 
the call for more than 100 
Soviet diplomats to go by 
1988 as arbitrary and in 
flagrant violation of US obli- 
gations as UN host country. 

“Such actions increase dis- 
trust of its policy and by no 
means create a favourable 
background for a summit 
meeung,” the protest said. 
“Such actions cannot but tell 
most seriously on the develop- 
ment of contacts between our 
countries in various fields.” 

It was “hard to square” the 
US derision, announced last 
Friday, with its recent state- 
ments in favour of opening 
reciprocal consulates in New 
York surd Kiev “and on the 
expansion of contacts and 

The statement concluded: 
“The Soviet side cannot pass 
such unlawful US actions over 
and will have to draw appro- 
priate conclusions for itself” 

• Propaganda shake-up: Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, has appointed a new 
chief of the information agen- 
cy Novosti, continuing his 
shake-up at the top of the 
Soviet propaganda machin- 

Mr Valentin Palin, aged 59, 
a former ambassador to West 
Germany and more recently a 
leading commentator on in- 
ternational affair s for the gov- 
ernment daily Izvestia , 
replaces Mr Pavel Naumov, 
aged 66, who had run the 
agency since April 1983. 

Novosti plays a big role in 
disseminating the Kremlin 
line to the rest of the world. It 
distributes commentaries and 
translations of documents to 
the foreign media and assists 
their correspondents. 

Sweden slowly but surely 
chooses its new leader 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

Swedes, generally speaking, 
are a careful, thorough — some 
might say boringly pedantic — 

Mr Ingvar Carisson had 
effectively been Prime Minis- 
ter for 10 days, since the 
assassination of Otof Palme, 
when be was proposed to the 
Swedish Parliament (Riksdag) 
yesterday as the new Premier. 

Just to make sure, Mr 
Carisson was proposed twice, 
once in the morning, again in 
the afternoon. Today the 
Riksdag will vote on the 
proposal, even though it is 

In Sweden ordningoch reda 
(order and clarity) are encour- 
aged ai an early age. So when it 

was announced that Mr 
Carisson would take over as 
acting Prime Minister shortly 
after Mr Palme’s murder, that 
was not enough. 

Even when he was then 
proposed (once) as leader of 
the ruling Social Democratic 
Party and unanimously ac- 
cepted by the party's govern- 
ing committee, official 
Sweden remained unsatisfied, 
even though he was now de 
facto Prime Minister. 

Correct procedure had to be 
adhered to. The Speaker of the 
Riksdag, Mr Ingemund 
Bengtsson, last week duly held 
informal talks with the Social 
Democrats (his own party) 
and with opposition leaders 

and announced that he would 
be proposing Mr Carisson as 
the new Premier. 

On Monday he held formal 
talks with the parlies in the 
Riksdag. All were agreed that 
Mr Carisson should be pro- 
posed as successor to Mr 

It might be thought that 
yesterday's dual proposal 
would come as something of 
an anticlimax, but one in three 
of the 349 MPs duly assem- 
bled at 8am to hear it. 

There was no other business 
until 2pm when the proposal 
was put lor the second time. 

Today it will all be over 
after a vote by the House at 

in face of 

Lima (Reuter) - The Peru- 
vian Government began evac- 
uating thousands of peasants 
from the foot of Marambuco 
mountain in the north, fearing 
a repeat of an avalanche that 
killed at least 13 people and 
left 1.500 homeless on Sun- 

The mayor of Huanuco 
appealed for car volunteers to 
remove up to 8,000 people. 

Officials feared the 
Quiuliacocho lagoon at the 
mountain's peak could over- 
flow as it had done two days 
previously, triggering the ava- 
lanche that buried nearly 100 
homes near Huanuco. 245 
miles north of Lima. 

TWA set to 
beat strike 

New York — Trans World 
Airlines looks set to inflict a 
swift defeat on nearly 6,000 
flight attendants who have 
been on strike since Friday 
(Christopher Thomas writes). 

The carrier cancelled less 
than a third of its domestic 
and international flights yes- 
terday and said services 
should be normal within 10 

Learning cost 

Cambridge. Mass. (DPI) — 
Tuition and room and board 
charges at Harvard University 
will increase by more than 
$1,000 next vear. from 
$15,100 to $16,145 (£11,134). 

Plane found 

Taipei (UP1) — A domestic 
Boeing 737 with 13 people on 
board, missing in the Taiwan 
Strait for three weeks, was 
found at the bottom of the 
ocean near the Pescadores 
Islands, China Airlines said. 

Hermes ‘junk’ 

Delhi (AFP) - Mr Suresh 
Kalmadi. opposition MP. de- 
scribed the British aircraft 
carrier Hermes as “junk that 
had failed to find a buyer 
anywhere in the world”. He 
demanded India scrap its offer 
to buy iL 

Athletes held 

Honolulu (UPI) - After an 
anonymous tip, five college 
athletes were arrested on co- 
caine dealing charges and 
more are under suspicion. 

Catch 14 

Pescara (Reuter) — Signora 
Elisa Spinelli. aged 42. jailed 
in 1975 for 10 months for 
stealing a chicken, has become 
pregnant 14 times since then 
to avoid going to prison. 
Under Italian law, pregnant 
women convicted of minor 
offences cannot be impris- 

France closes ranks over kidnappings 

From DiaaaGeddes 


acts” before going on to thank critical, and ambiguous 
those Opposition leaders attitude” towards the affair, 
-who have understood that “We are paying today for our 
the kidnappers are seek- country’s weakened position in 
‘ " Middle East and the 

i l0IT iwlSJ»ttts lfi fo toe ing to do to " toe present the Middle East _and the 

S53E > E£mi« p “ wistodi \ 

dosed ranks ar ottad t te Co«- BofcMRasrawd ; forcer Gaallist 

ernment and its rcfnsaJ togrre jvj Jacques Chirac, the Gairil- of Justice, said it was 

in to attempted j»y £ rS leader, hare suppo£ 

the pro-Iram an Mo^P 11 ^ ed the firm standteten * future right-wing Government French hostages, 
tremists m BerniL wb ® taje GovcniMLjrdiishig_to ex- woaM ahfeto do ranch The three points, according 

claimed responsibi*..y for w pint so delicate an own for better than the present Social- to the newspaper, were: 

kidnappings. political pmposes, wmie ror- . administration. 1. A redoctionto seven years of 

Paris still had no mer Presiden t Gisca ra Two p reDC j| national news- the prison sentence imposed 

confirmation yesterday “ tire D’ESaing, who fattfnmtedan papeK ^ ^ OT toe five men who tried to 

comment on a report in a 
Beirut newspaper. An Nahar, 
claiming that Dr Bezah Read, 
the French doctor of Lebanese 
origin who has been sent by 
the Government to Beirut to 
make contact with the kidnap- 
pers, had received the “green 
fight” from Paris to propose a 
three-point plan in exchange 
for the release of the right 

authenticity of the photo- election meeting in Puy-de- 
mphs released by Islamic Ddme call for a^mmg® s 
Jihad on Monday, purporting s Q eBce in memory of M.Sen- 
to show the dead body of one mt has declined to make may 

the French hostages, M Mi- 
chel Seurat But the Foreign 
Ministry said it was constder- 
ing tiie latest information 
“with extreme gjravay a™ 
emotion” _ , . j,. 

M .Lament' Fabl “* J*! 
Prime Minister, repeatedttat 

comment on the affair until 
after it is all over. 

Not all Opposition politi- 

channri refused yesterday to 
cany the photographs pur- 
porting to show M Seurat’s 

The left-wing newspaper, le 
Matin* said that by deliberate- 
ly ignoring the photographs it 

blackmail of sad* “barbaric 

poiK have shown, such red- hoped “to contribute to the 
cence, however- . M Jacques refusal of the whole country to 
Toubon, general secretary of play the game of the 
the RPR and M Chirac’s assassins—” 
right-band man, . condemned The French Foreign JVIinis- 
tbe Government for its “hypo- try Is refcsiqg to make any 

kill the former Iranian Prime 
Minister, Mr Chapour 
Bakhtfor, in Pam in 1980; 

2- An undertaking by the 
Syrian Government that it 
would act as guarantor of their 

3. A guarantee from the Iraqi 
Government that it would not 
do anything to threaten the 
lives of two Iraqi dissidents 
expelled by France to Bagh- 
dad Last month. 

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Marcos trying to run 
Manila from Hawaii 
an ex-minister reveals 

Former-president Ferdi-. 
nand Marcos, exiled in Ha- 
waii, still claims leadership of 
the Philippines and continues 
to direct his party, urging non- 
recognition of Mrs Corazon 
Aquino, the man who was his 
Labour Minister, Mr Bias 
Ople. said yesterday. 

“Mr Marcos continues to 
send advice and guidance by 
•phone.” Mr Ople told the 
Manila Bulletin. 

He said Mr Marcos consid- 
ers himself head of a legiti- 
mate government in exile and 
believes the United States, 
where he is seeking political 
asylum, should accord him 
the ‘•courtesies and 
immunities” of a head of 

Mr Marcos's 20-year-old 
regime was toppled last month 
in a military revolt and popu- 
lar uprising which forced the 
68-year-old leader to flee the 

An official of the newly 
created Committee on Good 
Government estimated Mr 
Marcos’s personal fortune “at 
no less than SSbillion (£3.6bil- 
lionj and rising daily as we 
uncover more documents" in 
the hurriedly vacated presi- 
dential palace and “sale 
houses" around Manila. 

A member of the committee 
headed by former Senator 
Jovito Salonga. once jailed by 
Mr Marcos, will fly next week 
to Hawaii to examine docu- 
ments Mr Marcos brought 
with him and currently held 
by US Customs officials. 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

All assets of the Marcos 
family in the Philippines have 
been seized and the commit- 
tee has frozen the private bank 
accounts of more than a dozen 
people associated with the 
radio saio. 

“I feel betrayed,” was Mr 
Ople’s response to reports of 
the huge fortune amassed by 
the man he served for 1 9 years 
as Labour Minister. He said 
he and many others were 
“shocked by the enormity of 
the hidden Marcos wealth." 

“We are now confronted by 
stark evidence of hopes be- 
irayed and trust violated and 
the evidence continues to 
accumulate, to unfold almost 
daily before the world’s 
amazed eyes,” Mr Ople said in 
a memorandum to the New 
Society Movement, the KBL, 
which Mr Marcos founded 
eight years ago. 

Mr Ople announced he was 
severing all ties with Mr 
Marcos and urged his col- 
leagues to do likewise. 

From his Honolulu exile, 
Mr Marcos is in constant 
telephone contact with the 
former Prime Minister. Mr 
Cesar Virata, the KBL secre- 
tary-general. Mr Jose Rono 
and the National .Assembly 
Speaker, Mr Nicanor Yuiguez 
urging them to withhold rec- 
ognition of Mrs Aquino's 
government “because he has 
not resigned or abdicated." 
Mr Ople said. 

“This creates a situation in 
which President Aquino is 
practically impelled not to 
recognize a (parliamentary) 
majority apparently conspir- 
ing with a rival government 
abroad to topple her from 
power," Mr Ople told the KBL 

Mr Ople said that in a 
telephone conversation with 
Mr Marcos on Saturday eve- 
ning he asked the former 
president to desist from trying 
to run the KBL by “remote 
control” from Hawaii 

The KBL, which controls 
two-thirds of the National 
Assembly, has refused to nulli- 
fy its earlier proclamation that 
Mr Marcos won the disputed 
February 7 poll but has said it 
recognizes the legitimacy of 
Mrs Aquino's two-week-old 

With a “people’s mandate" 
Mis Aquino has chosen to 
ignore Parliament and today 
will preside over her first 
Cabinet meeting to discuss 
whether she should proclaim a 
revolutionary government, 
abolish the Assembly and 
order the drafting of a new 
constitution before holding 
legislative and local elections. 

In the for southern province 
of Lanao del Sur. 
raeanwhile.the Governor, Mr 
A Li Dimaporo - a local politi- 
cal warlord, an ally of Mr 
Marcos - has fled to the hills 
with 500 heavily armed fol- 
lowers after he was sacked by 
the Aquino government 

Swiss to 
vote on 

the UN 

From Alan McGregor 

The Swiss will decide in a 
national referendum next Sun- 
day whether their country, 
with its policy of “permanent 
and armed neutrality", should 
at long last become a fall 
member of the United Na- 

The indications are that a 
majority will disregard the 
advice of Parliament and Gov- 
ernment and say “no”. 

One reason Is apprehension 
that involvement in UN politi- 
cal processes would be prejwti- 
rhi to the humanitarian 
endeavours of the Internation- 
al Committee of the Red 
Cross, with wfafch Switzerland 
is so firmly identified. 

Another is a deep conviction 
that a nation as well served by 
neutrality as this one — and its 
banks — should simply stay 
steady and prosperous on its 
traditional course. 

Arguments that to remain 
outside the 159-member world 
organization is to avoid a 
universal moral responsibility 
have been largely unavailing 
against the wariness with 
which the public regard much 
of the prospect beyond their 
own frontiers. 

However, with the notable 
exception of the International 
Monetary Fund and the World 
Bank, this has not prevented 
Swiss membership of most 
UN specialized agencies. 

A poster urging Swiss voters to join the UN on Sunday. 

Geneva gun check-up 

Geneva — Acting on a tip- 
off that some delegates to the 
UN Human Rights Commis- 
sion carry guns, officials have 
installed metal detectors at the 
Palais des Nations conference 
hall (Alan McGregor writes). 

“In principle, nobody is 
allowed to cany a weapon in 
the palais, though permission 
to do so has been granted 
under exceptional circum- 
stances, such as the visit of a 
prominent personality at risk 
from opponents," an official 
said. “No such permission has 
been applied for in . this 

Most delegates and observ- 
ers to the Commission have 
diplomatic immunity, and 
cannot normally be asked to 
submit themselves to body 

The gun scare came after a 
representative of the anti- 
Khomemi Mojaheddin orga- 
nization said he had been 
intimidated inside the hall by 
one of the 13-strong Iranian 
government delegation whom 
he knew to be armed. It was 
then suggested by other Com- 
mission participants that 
“they are visibly not the only 

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High Interest Cheque Account 

Thrm the T ,„ 

erupts into brawl 

Frost Ian Murray, JcBsakni 
The firetaad probably i«i- 

sive round in the battle for 
control of the Herui party was 
narrowly won at dawn yester- 
day by supporters . of Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, the party 
leader, who is due to' take over 
as Prime Minister in October. 

But is the process this first 
convention of Herat since 
1979 was turned into a public 
brawl, seriously damaging the 
responsible image Mr 
Menachem Begin fried to 
create fra* the right-wing party 
when be became Prime Minis- 
ter in 1977; 

The convention has shown 
that the pany.remaixis deeply 
and even violently split be- 
tween the supporters of Mr 
Shamir and those who prefer 
the hardline, radical approach 
of Mr David Levy or Mr Ariel 
Sharon, the controversial 
tough man of Israeli politics. 

The one person to emerge 
so for with any obvious bope 
of uniting die two warring 
factions has been Mr 
Binyamin Begin, the former 

the stage, and as he stood there 
quietly, the chant which had 
swept the party to power in 
1977 began to swell up from 
foe delegates. “Begin, Begin" 
they roared as one. Toe fight- 
ing died down as two senior 
delegates led the dumting info 
a rousing sing-song. . 

But even the charisma of 
the Begin same cotdd sot hold 
tempers for tong, as those 
behind the Shamir c a mp a i gn 
lilted up for I he first vote 
against the Levy-Sb&ron can- 
didate for the aB-important 
post of convention chairman. 

The younger Mr Begin, who 
yesterday was fighting directly 
against Mr Sharon to become 
^airman of the party steering 
committee, found himself 
roundlv abused when he sup- 
ported 'Mr Moshe Katsav for 
convention chairman. 

- It was not until midnight 
that arguments over which 
delegates were entitled to vote 
were sorted out so that the 

Di pyai uiu count could begin. And u was 

Pnme M™fte^ tSmSfr not until 5am that Mr Katsav, 
n 9 w pubbdy a Shamir supporter, was de- 

with Mr Shamirs camp, ap- _i arp j winner bv The 'tiriv 
p^Uy ^ of 

his father. - - 

The convention's business 
began seven hours late on 
Monday as faction leaders 
delayed proceedings in a vain 
attempt to smooth out the 

among the 2,000 de lega t es . 
Yesterday proceedings were 
delayed, with the Levy- 

n camp determined to 

continue fighting for control 
of committees winch wiH 

w ~ or commiuecs mneu win 

differences before the meeting <hnjv> j]k parry’s policy and 

went rmhlicL But from the Ann. ■in i-inrfnhtn Irct fnr 

©Midland Bank pic. 1986 

went public. But from the 
moment the session started 
Mr Levy, Deputy Prime Min- 
ister, and a rousing orator, 
leapt to the microphone to 
protest that 41 delegates had 
been disqualified “simply and 

draw up its candidate list for 
the next general election 
Meanwhile, police have 
opened a file against Mr 
Sharon after a complaint by 
two Arab rabbit hunters that 
he punched and kicked them 

— — . ne ponencu anu uckcu toon 

solely because they support ^ found them hunting 

hear his ranch in the Negev 


Within minutes the big Tel 
Aviv conference hall erupted 
into a brawL The Deputy 
Foreign Minister, Mr Ronnie 
Milo, was knocked to the 

The rostrum collapsed into 
the crowd and a press photog- 
rapher, fell heavily, breaking 
his leg. 


• Refugee kffled: A resident 
oftheBalaia Palestinian refu- 
gee camp near Nablus died 
when an Israeli patrol fired at 
him and a companion late on 
Monday evening. An Israeli 
spokesman said the two had 
fled after being asked to stop 

Man in the news 

How a poor Sephardic 
immigrant made good 

. , From Oar Own Correspondent, Jerusalem 

professional m3 servants in 
his department with his ad- 
ministrative ability. In 1979 he 
was given the important job of 
Minister of Housing and Con- 

By the 1981 efectioa his 
ability and popularity woo him 
the number two place on the 
Likud fist and he became 
Deputy Prune Minister, a 
position he still holds along 
with the Housing portfolio. 

Although he adheres to the 
mainstream of Herat flunking 
about -hanging on to afl land 
now occupied by Israel, he 
does adopt a more indepen- 
dent, dovish line on occasions. 

For example, alone among 
Iiknd minister, he supported 
the plan to withdraw the Army 
from Lebanon in 1984. This 
was a populist position, in 
keeping with his Hair for 
always seeming to know what 
the majority of voters really 

That Hair has brou ght him 
something dose to adoration 
from his growing army of 
foflowos. who are sure that 
sooner or later he will become 
tite fir st poor Sephardic i 
grant to run the country. 

Mb David Levy always used 
to be good for a joke -like the 
one abort the day he lost one 
of his 12 children in the mud 
but was not worried becanse he 
could always make another 
one. • 

Nobody laughs at Mr Levy 
these days, however. He has 
beoome one of the most serious 
figures in Israeli politics, and a 
possible candidate for the 

His popular appeal lies in 
the reason so many jokes were 
toM abort him — he is the 
perfect example of how a poor, 
Sephardic immigrant can 
make good. 

He was born at Rabat, 
Morocco, in 1937 and arrived 
in Israel in 1957 to live among 
the many mi grants in the city 
of Bet Sbenn, in the Jordan 
valley. For 10 years he worked 
as a form labourer and then a 
building worker, repiaefog his 
French with a flowery, pedan- 
tic Hebrew, and learning a 
deep resentment of the ruling 
Lahore Party’s attitude to 
like himself, 
be was elected to the 
city council and immediately 
became deputy chairman. He 
quickly became prominent in 
the Herat party as its spokes- 
man in tire Histadrut labour 

From there he secured a 
place high enough on the list 
of the Uknd faction to win a 
seat in the Knesset. 

When Mr Menachem Begin 
came to power in 1977, Mr 
Levy was made Immigration 
Minister. This was seen as 
' _ more than a token 
position for a Sephardic Jew to 
reward the many migrants 
who had voted Mr Begin into 

But Mr Levy astonished the 

Mr David Levy; tipped as 
candidate for. premiership. 

for Mafia 

From John Earle 

Palermo's Freemasons have 
been alarmed by the discovery 
that when police raided a 
lodge in the chy centre they 
found several Mafia leaders 
among its membership of 
prominent magistrates, law- 
yers, businessmen and other 
professional people. 

Although the investigations 
are officially secret, the news 
has been leaked that one 
member is Signor Salvatore 
Greco, known as “The 
Senator" and a brother of 
Signor Michele Greco. “The 
Pope", who is one of the key 
defendants in the Palermo 
trial of more than 400 allied 
Mafiosi- Signor Salvatore Gre- 
co is in hiding, as is his cousin 
and another member of the 
lodge. Signor Toto Greco. 

The investigations were 
triggered by a tip-off about the 
transatlantic drug traffic from 
the Drug Enforcement Agency 
in Miami, Florida. 




Kampala (Reuter) - Presi- 
dent Museveni has banned all 
political activity, in a move 
aimed at bringing stability to 
war-wracked Uganda. ' 

He warned armed groups 
opposed to his Government 
not to challenge his rule or it 
would give him “a chance to 
crush- them forever,"Radio 
Uganda reported yesterday. 

. Mr Museveni, leader of the 
-National Resistance Army 
(NRA), took power in Kampa- 
la on January 26 and his 
troops have since managed to 
«tend tiutir control to most of 
the country. They captured 
tne northern town of Gulp on 
Saturday. . 

f. NAIROBI: President 
Museveni has to over co me the 
last pockets of resistance by 
soldiers loyal to the former 
Uganda regime (Charles Hai- 
nson writes). He* wants to 
roakc a.starron the reftabtiiia- 
fron of large areas which were 
devastated during five years of 
guerrilla war 

f * •ff'tf, fi f »* 




JUNE *84 . 









NOV ‘84 

After consuming all this, are Guimessma^ Scotches? 

Argyll We can revive Distillers spirits. 

JULY “85 



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Jb*Ji Jf 


• *V,w* • - • 

Spaniards decide today on future of Nato membership 

. . ■» r 

' C.: 

\ . 

N y;-: 

Spanish voiere will indicate 
today whether they want their 
countrv to remain a member 
of the North Atlantic Alliance 
or pull out in a referendum 
unique in Nato's 36-year his- 
tory. Some 28 million Span- 
iards over 18 are eligible to 

Security forces have been 
placed on maximum alert for 
the day. 

Sehor Felipe Gonzalez, the 
Prime Minister, dosed a 
fortnight’s campaigning at 
midnight on Monday with an 
appeal to his still undecided 
fellow-countrymen to 'come 
down finally on the side 

This would save Spain from 
an uncertain future, he said, 
and from estrangement from 
her new EEC partners. 

But the Government has 
promised to regard the 
people's verdict as binding. 

After a volte Jace on defence 
policies, the three-year-old So- 
cialist Government still faces 
the “No" votes of pacifists. 
Communists and extreme 
right-wingers. To add to its 
troubles. the parliamentary op- 
position. though fervent sup- 
porters of Nato. is calling for 
an abstention and boycott. 

From Richard Wigg. Madrid 

The phrasing of the referen- 
dum question, the opposition 
maintains, would rule out 
integration into Nato's com- 
mand structures (see panel). 

The question to be put 

"The Europeans want us. 
for the first time they have 
shown it I want to show 
solidarity, sharing a project to 
unite with the free peoples of 
Europe to guarantee peace.” 
the Prime Minister told 6.000 
party stalwarts in Madrid's 
Sports Palace. 

Neutrality was not the issue, 
Senor Gonzalez said to a 
crescendo of applause. “The 
option is to construct peace 
with the Europeans and I do 
not want Spain set apart.” 

Although he mentioned 
peace countless times, and 
heavily linked EEC member- 
ship with Spain in the alliance, 
he did not forget to appeal to 
nationalist sentiment. 

Public opinion poll experts 
were saying yesterday that 
there might be surprises after 
last week’s severe jolt for the 
Government, partly because 
of the Prime Ministers mara- 
thon efforts and partly be- 
cause the outcome was not 
likely to follow party lines. 

Leading article, page 17 

The Government considers it 
advisable in the national inter- 
est for Spain to remain in the 
Atlantic alliance and has laid 
down this should be under the 
following conditions: 

1. Spain's participation in the 
alliance will not include incor- 
poration into the integrated 
mil itary structure. 

2. The ban on the installation. 

storage and introduction of 
nudear arms on Spmish terri- 
tory will be maintained. 

3. There will be a progressive 
reduction in the US military 
presence in Spain. 

Do yon consider it advisable 
for Spain to remain in the 
Atlantic alliance on the terms 
laid down by the nation's 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez making his final appeal for a “Yes” vote as the opposition's hot air balloon puts over its message. 


Over the past five years there has been a relentless increase in cigarette tax. 
*And for every penny of this tax increase above the rate of inflation, 1,000 people 
lose their jobs in the tobacco industry and allied businesses. Obviously, not all jobs 
lost are due to tax increases, but thousands can be directly attributed to it. As many 
as 30,000 in the last five years. 

Enough is enough. From now on, Mr. Chancellor, play fair on tobacco tax. 


Secret talks bring 

hope of end to : 
Sri Lanka turmoil 

ftom Midi*! Haanly®. CoiM*® . 

been m>l of polireunder tbt aiBf 

Some progress has been 
made towards a political set- 
tlement of the ethnic confba 
in Sri Lanka during confiden- 
tial talks in Colombo. 

The idea of contacts be- 

Minister of a rcgwjv 
7 ^ government response. 

last month feres** a 
unitary police 
central control 

Of contacts be- 

tween . the Tamfls aadto ma^ ** 

Government is. so . »msm Tu ^S^governBwnt wants to 

retain control of it since- the 

may be recruited if it is left to 

local authorities. r - . . 

One suggestion, , °f which - 
Mr Athuiat&mudali was saw, 

to be prewd, * . 
vacancies arise the local au- 
thority should submit - 5Q-. 
names or so to ? cen^-. 
amboritv. which migfrtweoiL 
out those thought unteraWe 
but leave, say, 25 on the bsLot- 
whora the local authority 
could select perhaps 1ft - , . 

Though fins does indicate^ 
an area of compromise , the 
'TULF at present womd-have: r 
difficulty accepting any torn 
of central oversight. 

On land settlement, wtudr- 
bas long been a thorny proh-. 
lem between the Tamils aaxr 
ious to protect , their 
“homelands” and ‘ the Sinha- 
lese anxious to show that 
anyone can five anywhere, the' 
convoluted argument .over - 
what would .happen in the 
Eastern Province, where the 
nutter is acute, amply came 
down to a question of sum-' . 
bers. The Tamils watitaB the 
plots available to go to Tamils; 
the Government wants them 
allocate d^ oji^ of - 

**The government .scheme 
would allow Tamil settlement' 
of 27,000 plots. The total 
number of plots is 37,000, 
which leaves a compromise, 
possible concerning the re- 
ipaining 10.000. 

On ..the linkage issue, the 
two sides have drawn firm 
lines. Mr AthnhghroudafcL pot 
forward iIk proposal made at . 
all-party *«l« mat ended in 
December 1984 involving 
some implicated linking be- 
tween -the wo ; provinces-' 
through a second pannohema- 
ry chamber. ... 

This would not immediate- 
ly satisfy the Tamils but could 
be the basis erf further discus- 

UOVCiuwtui “ ~ 

that both sides have firmly 
denied they are taking place. 

The have been be- 
tween the Minister fur N 31 }?®" 
al Security, Mr Lalith 
AthulaLhmudah, and Mr 
Neelan Tirucbelvam. a former 
MP of the Tamil United 
Liberation Front (TULF). 

Like Mr Athutethmudah, 
Mr Tiruchdvarn is a Harvard- 
educated lawyer. He istne 
only former MP of the TULF 
in Colombo; most of the 
party’s politburo is now resid- 
ing in Madras in India; 

The most that either side 
will say for the record is that 
confidential contacts have 
taken place between represen- 
la lives of the Government 
and the TULF under the 
auspices of the Indian High 
Commissioner in Sri Lanka to 
clarify the issues dividing 

When pressed, either side 
will say only that the two men 
have run into each other at 
weddings and funerals. 

But the talks have in tart 
covered the three main divi- 
sive issues: the idea of linkage 
between a northern and an 
eastern province in a devolved 
system of government the 
extent of local control over 
police matters that will be 
devolved; and the problem of 
government-assisted land set- 
tlement, particularly in the 
Eastern Province. 

If agreement could be 
reached on these, the main 
ethnic problem would be on 
the road to solution, and an 
end to the bitter fighting 
between Tamil militants and 
ihe Government, and dashes 
between government troops 
and civilians would be possi- 

The most progress was 
made on law and onto:. TULF 
proposals submitted last -De- 
cember to the peace talks in 
Thlmpu, the capital of Bhu- 
tan. envisage total local con- 


Eight die U-turn by 
as Tamils Swiss on 

Colombo - A gnufight be-' 
tween tito foetkras of the 
Tamil Eelam Liberation Q*SP: 
luxation in a hospital canteen 
In the northern Sri Lankan, 
town ofJafihia yesterday left at 
least two bystanders dead Six 
rebels were killed (Michael 
Harnlyu writes). 

The waning parties carried 
their own casualties away, 
leaving behind the Weeding 
bodiesof a nurse and a local 

^e > oi^uaizatioa*s gunmen 
have made a habit recently of 
basing- themselves at the hos- 
pital to protect any casualties 
brought in from encounters 
with the military in the region. 

The army -in general does 
not operate within Jaffna, nor 
Indeed throughout the north- 
ern peninsula, where the guer- 
rilla .gangs have more or less 

No reason for the shooting 
was immediately apparent in 
Jaffna yesterday. 

News of it reached Colombo 
as President Jayewandene was 
welcoming President Li 
Xiannian of China on a state 
visit. ' 

President Li left. Bangla- 
desh, the first .coontry of his 
tour, yesterday and will go on 
to Egypt, Somalia and Mada- 
gascar when be leaves here on 
Friday, . 

: Fram Ian McGregor 

- Switzerland has repealed 
the administrative order pre- 
venting repatriation of Tamils - 
whose request for political 
asylum has been rejecied. 

“One cannot speak, of a 
general persecution- of Tamils, 
nor of a -real civil war even if 
the situation in the north and 
east of Sri Lanka remains 
critical? ft was officially said. 

Repatriatkm will, however, 
be ona case-by-case baas to 
ensure that individuals return- 
ing will not be endangered. 
During a six-week period 
Tamils will be free to leave for 
any country of their choice. . 

After that, they will be 
repatriated singly or in small, 
groups. Once they are back in' 
Sri Lanka, they will be encour- 
aged to keep in contact with 
the Swiss Embassy or . its 
representative to ascertain 
what is happening to them, . 

• If necessary they will also 
receive the equivalent of £30 a 
month for three-months to aid 
their resettlement 

Of 320 asylum requests- 
from Tamils so for examined, 
30 have been accepted. Anoth- 
er 5,000 applications are ouV 
standing ’ 

EEC urges Japan 
to curb surplus 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

European foreign ministers 
yesterday urged Japan to lake 
prompt measures to relieve 
the “increasing strain'* caused 
by its trade surplus, and 
agreed to set up -Tegular and 
detailed joint monitoring** 
with Tokyo. 

But like previous EEC 
warnings and pleas to Tokyo, 
the statement lacked teeth. It 
came against a background of 
EEC, financial -problems as 
European finance ministers, 
in a parallel meeting, failed to 
resolve the budget crisis and 
postponed action . until next 

Britain and West Germany 
deplored the lack of budget 
discipline, with Herr Gerhard 
Stoltenberg, Bonn's Finance 
Minister, saying the crisis was 
“pre-planned" and avoidable. 

Mr . Henning 

Christopbersen, the Budget 
Commissioner, said EEC 
member states had to under-- 
stand that when they made 
political promises about the 
future of the Community the 
time would inevitably come 
when the Commission pre- 
sented the bill. 

He identified four-problem 
areas for both 1986 and 1987 
budget guidelines: the burden 
of past commitments; the 
effect on form exports of the 
decrease in the dollar ex- 

change rate against the Euro- 
pean Currency Unit; the 
British budget rebate; and the . 
cost of Spanish and Portu- 
guese accession. ~ 

Mr Christopbersen gave 
new figures _ for the British:' 
rebate, previously calculated : 
at £175 million for 1985, and 
said the new total to be paid " 
back to Britain was £267“ 
million. This, and the estimat-.... 
ed £99 million cost of the foil 
in the dollar rate, would have, 
to be. paid for in supplemen- 
tary budgets. 

Britain is this week seeking 
an injunction in the European 
Court of Justice to Mock - 
illegal" extra spending voted 
last December by the Europe- ; . 
an Parliament. Lawyerspre- 
senting Britain’s case said, the 
additional spending would 
coa Britain alone £70 million, . 
which could pay for hospitals 
or schools. A judgement is ; 
expected on Friday. 

Speaking on EEC trade' 
pohey. Mr Alan Clark, the. 
British Trade Minister, , said: 
tne statement on Japanese-, 
exports and dumping would 
have been “evea -more 
amorphous" if Britain had not 
insisted on specific. targets and: 
timetables for Japanese Con- _ 
.cessions over , imp o r ts of 
Scotch and other mhibited.- 
goods. :--L 


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Thousands in 
Seoul march 
against Chun 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Thousands of opposition won. the M8I' 
demonstrators marched election only because 
through Seoul yesterday m portion put 

S^sTnKh^r^^cePres- mumtim of 

^23 Ku «h» the Government was bolding 

1,000 poBtial prison ^ 


dissident leader, Mr Kim himself with opjoanoo de- 
VnuneSanL mands for democrauc re* 

Young oam. forms, adopting an unusually 

They marched fro™ , public position. 

outlying stadium to the offices ^ . c , 

of the party in the centre of In a sermon m lScojI on 
town tocoUect signatures in Sunday he supported calls 
the f?Tnp airn for revision of the opposition for the revision 
the constitution. >of the consutution.^incl^nS 

The small stadium held eS oFm£ . 

only about 500 people, but as gj ^ term 1988 . The , 

the group woMdffireughthe ^j bishop also said the Gov- 

aty some estumjBd should stop jts re- 
number to have reached sev- 0 f students seeking a 

eral thousand. more democrauc govemmenL 

In a speech at the stadium, - ± Korea Jeam a 
MrKim ^ madecomp^- ^events in the 

sons with the Philippines, pt 1 :j; DD ; Qe « he said. Govera- 
warning President Chun that should stop 

Sing thTthere were no 
people. We do not'rantto see comparisons to be made be- 
it happen in Kor^Wewoald situations in the two 

European Law Report 


no ground for 

Caegate Ltd v HM Croton* 

Case 121/85 _ ' 

Before Judte T. Koopmans, 
prescient of the Fourth Cham* 

ra nwtfd ofiere* could no* be 
iegaided ». roffocroto *»»* 
rouHtify resmcwwsmr theme 
movement of ff»ds where 

Bosco, T.. OTCg^tt .and F. 

Schockwetter ______ 

Advocate General Sr Gordon 


[Judgment riven March 11] . 
p A member state ofthelEEC 
might sot ndy npon jublw- 
mocaHty in older to prohibit the 

The South Korean dissident, Mr Kim Young Sara (mi), icaomK uw 


Mr Kim said Mr Chun had Leading article, page 17 

Leading article, page 17 

Son denies 
Deng is ill 

Peking — Mr Deng Pufong, 
elder son of China's top 
leader, Mr Deng Xiaoping, 
yesterday denied rumours of 
>his fetter’s iD health (Mary 
jLee writes). The older Mr 
Deng has not been seen here 
since he met the former US 
Vice-President Mr Walter 
Mondale, last December. 

Chinese television showed 
him in his native Sichuan 
province in early February. 

Protests mar Hong Kong talks 

Hong Kong — A small group 
of a nis t Chinese 
demonstrators protested out- 
side the Victoria barracks here 
yesterday as British and Chi- 
nese officials started a four- 
day meeting to discuss 
imple mentatio n of the Sto- 
Britisb agreement under 
which the colony will become 
Chinese hi 1997 (Nicholas 
Ashford writes). 

Their protests, however, did 
not ffawp™ the optimism that 
leaders of both delegations 

-expressed about the eventual 
outcome of their meeting. 

Dr David Wilson, leader of 
the British delegation, said the 
talks begun in a “co- 
operative and workmanHse 
way”. Mr Ke Zai-shoo, head 
OT the Chinese team, said he 
was confident the talks would 
be successful. 

The two sides are discussing 
the future status of Hong Kong 
in the General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade (Galt) and 
other trade matters; the sensi- 

tive question of the validity of 
British national (overseas) 
passports, the travel does- 
meats carried by. most Hong 
Kong Chinese, after 1997; and 
die setting op of a new 
shipping registry. 

It was also expected that the 
two sides would review infor- 
mally the outcome of last 
week’s urban and regional 
council ejections, regarded 
here as a milestone towards 
more democratic political re- 

member states, when its"fcsp.&> - 
lion c on t ain ed no prohibition 
on the manufacture or marke t-- 
jug of the same goods on its own 

1? ta t0 ?>ctober 1982, various 
consignments of goods m- 
gorted fran th e 

were inspected by HM^UJttoins 
and Ex ci se. : 

In tbe couzse of that inspec - 
tion customs rfjgcpg- 

ered that the goods consisted 
essentially of inflate Wo doUs, 
which were clear ly of a sexual 
nature, and other erotic artides- 

They considered thosegoods 
• t or obscene arfx- 

ibited under seo* 
- the Customs 
Act 1876. 


- — 

aaogt*wit h rwpea to the Pgp 
•nods mannfectuttd. or rear- 
Wd witHn is tenaory, 
ons and eflective tattsam 
intended to prevent toe demoli- 
tion of such B«xk « ***■ 

^^foSenred tire* * monh» 

state might o®? *®*y 
ground of pnbfic nw ialiiy m 
cider xo prohibit the anporta- 
tion of goods fidm odier prem- 
ier states when us legislation 

contained no pm hibmon «r the 
mannfikwre. or wnuienn g at 
«udi roods on its ta ritonr. 

-It vSasvat for the Court to 
consider whether or . to what 

exiettf the UK Icg ^ticH i coo- 

twd sach a prombitioa. How- 
ever. it had at feast to be pcwfoje 

to coochide foam the applicable 

rules, takes asa whole, that their 
pur pose was. ia substance, to 
psofafoit the manafocture and 
maiketing of ibose products. 

The prohibitioti cm the trans- 
Busoon of such goods by pw*i 
the restriction far their pobbe 
ditph; and, in certain areas of 
tiie member states concerned, 
the system of tioensing of 
the sate of such 
not be regarded as 

marketing. . 

As the Coat bad stated m 

r» ! .t-;irJr } L f[ f7 '>7 


I a 1 vl'.fi %»•: 

v - * i 

rr"* <W' . r. 


tj 1 . 8 , ; fa rt V Li TJ i rv' i A 1 i i ri iv 

I^iw Report March 12 1986 



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Bodie Stanley, aged 31. is 
married, has a 20-monih-old 
daughter and is expecting her 
second baby this month. 
These attributes are all guar- 
anteed to haunt male solici- 
tors interviewing prospective 
female articled clerks. Bui Mrs 
Stanley is now a junior equity 
partner of Withers, one of 
London's most respected 
firms, works a nine-hour day 
and considers her job ideal for 
a young wife and mother who 
wants to work. 

Fifty per cent of law stu- 
dents are now women and the 
fall-out rate on marriage has 
dropped. “Women entering 
the law do not see marriage as 
a particular obstacle". Mrs 
Stanley says. “But in an 
interview it is still a consider- 
ation. A firm like ours invests 
lens of thousands of pounds in 
articled clerks from recruit- 
ment to qualification. With a 
woman the fear remains that 
she will marry, have children, 
stop work — or. worse still, 
want to breastfeed in the 

Now interviewing candi- 
dates herself, she thinks the 
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tions from women easily as 
good as that of men. and 
frequently ahead in terms of 
maturity.’ drive and ambition. 

After’ reading history at 
Cambridge she supported her- 
self while attending (by bicy- 
cle) the College of Law to 
study for her exams. During 
those two years she became 
adept at making 50p last 
several days, after which her 
£4.000 starting salary as an 
articled clerk with a City firm 
seemed riches. As a junior 
equity partner sharing in the 
profits of a top London firm, 
she could now expect more 
than 10 times that sum. 

So in one decade from 
university she has achieved 
what she wanted: security of 
employment and a regular 
income (which is why she 
chose to be a solicitor rather 
than a barrister). She special- 
izes in conveyancing and her 
firm is responding vigorously 
to the threat posed by licensed 

conveyancers. , 

“We welcome the disap- 
pearance of the conveyancing 
monoply as an opportunity, 
indeed a challenge, to be more 
competitive in terms of cost 
While we accept we will never 
be able to compete with the 
one-man. band above the hair- 
dressers. be he solicitor or 
licensed conveyor, we do be- 
lieve that assisted by the 
wizardry of modem technol- 
ogy we shall be able to provide 
a quality of service to the 
client that will give real value 
for money." A computer sits 
alongside Mrs Stanley’s 
Asprey’s blotter. 

It is the partnership and 
participation in the running of 
the business that provides a 
new mental challenge when 
the intellectual stimulus of the 
job itself levels out. “It repre- 
sents the fulfilment of years of 
study and hard work, and of 
course the prestige is impor- 
tant. At the end of a tough day 
vou have the satisfaction of 

Not all lawyers earn a fortune. Indeed many are so angry at what they see as a 
miserly proposed increase in legal aid fees that they are taking the Lord 
Chanrelior to court. Victoria Mather sought legal advice from the profession 


orecem in the legal profession 
about levels of pay has reached 

such a pitch this year that both 

branches have taken the unprecedented 
step of taking legal action against the 
Lord Chancellor. 

The Bar and the Law Society are 
challenging his decision to limit to 5 per 
cent for inflation this year’s increase for 
publicly funded criminal legal aid work, 
which forms a substantial part of the 
income of large numbers of solicitors 
an d barristers. Some 7,000 of the 9,000 
solicitors 1 firms in England and Wales 
depend on criminal legal aid for much of 
their work, and two-thirds of the 5,000 
barristers are substantially dependent. 

Both branches of the profession are 
claiming that the Lord Chancel lor h as 
acted in breach of bis statntory duty to 
provide fair and reasonable rates of pay 
under the legal aid scheme, and also that 
he acted illegally in failing to negotiate 
on their pay increases. 

The profession's anger was fuelled by 
the Lord Chancellor's apparent refusal 
to take account of independent surveys 
of earnings that both solicitors and 
barristers had commissioned flam out- 
side accountants. On the bams of their 
survey the Bar is daiming it needs a pay 
rise of 30 to 40 per cent; the solicitors 
some 25 percent. 

N ot only lawyers doing the public- 
ly-funded work are feeling the 
pinch. Another survey conducted 
recently for the Law Society showed that 
all solicitors are wefi down the earnings 
league. Even before the recent competi- 
tion in conveyancing brought a drop in 
fees for bouse transactions, solicitors in 
private practice were earning less than 
other professionals raduding doctors, 
aff u iyi ft nb, bank managers, the police 
and armed forces. . 

Of course the top 10 per cent of the 
profession still have high incomes, with 

partners in the large London firms 
earning foes of £80,000 or more. Bat 70 
per cent of other firms rely on bank 
overdrafts and loans to finance their 

Contrary to the popular impression of 
the well-heeled lawyer, the survey 
showed that in 1984 10 per cent of seif- 
employed solicitors (those not in com- 
merce or industry, or the Civil Service) 
earned £5300 or less before tax; 25 per 
cent earned £13,400 or less and 50 per 
cent earned £21300 or less. From those 
earn in g? they must find pensions and 
capital to ran their businesses. 

By contrast, solicitors in commerce 
and industry have healthy earnings and 
valuable perks more than half those 
sampled in a survey recently earned 
more than £26,000, and a quarter more 
than £434)00. Almost eight in 10 had a 
company car with an avruage list price of 
£ 10 , 000 . 

Frances Gibb 

Away from the London big 
boys, Nigel Frostig, aged 34, is 
making a decent £34,000 a 
year as a provincial solicitor in 
Berkhamsted. After reading 
law at Manchester University 
he did articles for £15 a week 
in Liverpool, which was 
“interesting” but not suffi- 
ciently so to slop him going to 
the North West Electricity 
Board at the earliest opportu- 
nity. He gained a useful grasp, 
of commercial transactions; 
but, feeling he was not a public 
sector man, he joined the firm 
he is with now in 1976. 

At first he was in their 
Dunstable office. “I was not, 
totally brave. I had little 1 
experience of small town life 

and thought I bad better be 
near London ft 

Presenting a case: (from left) Stanley, Horgan and Frostig ... fulfilment after years 

of study and hard work 

knowing you are on the writ- 
ing paper.” 

The prestige also embraces 
her husband: "1 know Nicho- 
las is proud of me. If he was in- 
different to my working or 
actively against it then I 
wouldn't or couldn’t, work." 

Nicholas Stanley is a direc- 
tor of the City wine merchants 
Comey and Barrow. The cou- 
ple dri ve to work and home to 
Clapham in south London 
each day; it is a good time to 
talk and Mrs Stanley is fight- 
ing a car telephone every inch 
of the way. She still does all 
the cooking and shopping. 


Tim Horgan is one of those 
who feels barristers are the 
dispossessed. A Catholic 
policeman's son from North- 
ern Ireland, he struggled 
through his Bar finals courte- 
sy of the odd postal order from 
his mother and a job as a 
gardener in the Inner Temple. 

“It was a lovely job and I 
met people on the scholarship 
committees who thought it 
mildly amusing, so I got a flat 
in the Temple for a year as a 

I’m going to get a proper job”, 
he thought. His wife, Jill, 
whom he met when reading 
law, had to keep him. 

“People think the Bar Is a 
very well ofL middle class, 
Oxbridge profession with 
nothing to complain about. 
Well, I am white and male. 

scholarship." Pioneered suc- 

ahho'ugThe cessfaH >‘ h / fa 

tridge while his wife is at her i»<* 

weekly keep-fit class. 

“People say they do not 
know how I manage three 
jobs: wife, mother and solici- 
tor. Sometimes neither do I. 
but I think the secret is to be 
organized and, if you are lucky 
enough as I am to have the 
right back-up, the rewards are 
tremendous. The sine qua non 
is my husband’s support, plus 
100 per cent confidence in my 

now a standard award for a law 
student who will nurture the 
Temple's horticultural assets 
the summer after the Bar 

Horgan is now 28 and 
securely ensconced as a tenant 
in John Piatts-MiU's cham- 
bers, a rare radical enclave. 
“He is a venerable old social- 
ist, which suits my leanings." 
Previously his resolution to 
continue as a barrister had 
often quailed . . . “Blow this. 



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which helps, and if yon are not 
it is much more difficult" Less 
Hum 20 per cent of barristers 
are women. 

Involved with the Ca m paign 
for the Bar at an early stage, 
Horgan voted to condemn the 
Government’s lack of negotia- 
tions and considered Lord 
HaiLsham of Marylebooe’s 
missive, fired to bring the Bar 
back to heel, “a disgrace". 

Legal aid work may have 
made it possible for young 
barristers to have some income 
at an early stage in their 
careers, Horgan’s experience, 
in common with his peers, is 
that when his fees are submit- 
ted to the Crown Court admin- 
istrators they invariably come 
back at a reduced rate. 

If chaos is caused by barris- 
ters insisting on agreed fees 
being marked on their briefs in 
advance, then Horgan is all for 
ft. “But I am afraid I think 
substantial change is unlikely, 
because barristers wOI never 
present a united front" 

At the end of the tax year 
Horgan reckons his receipts 
wfl] be £15,000, of which he 
will see £11,000, “which is 
better than average because I 
am in good chambers and 
getting good work". This is a 
good steady diet of aime, 
much of it to do with drugs; in 
some five years it will pay 
around £20,000. After that he 
may become one of the lucky 
few doing high qua lity crim e, 
or may have to do a mixture of 
drill and criminal work, which 
dilutes expertise in either. . 

If he takes silk his fees 
could double, but the work be 
correspondingly halved. He 
eschews red-robed ceremony: 
“I want to avoid being drawn 
into the establishment. .1 don’t 
want to be a judge..! reject the 
pomp and pomposity that is a 
characteristic of the Bar." He 
would like to be a top. radical 
barrister, specializing in 

Having survived the lean 
years be says: ’‘Yon have to be 
determined, but I would rec- 
ommend the Bar primarily 
because ft is great fun. You are 
dealing with people first and 
foremost Each case is a little 
human drama and everyone, 
no mattes- how dreadful their 
crime, deserves to be defended 
in court" 

for a jolly social 

time if desperate." He had 
worked out that a place like 
Dunstable would be less Likely 
to have preconceived ideas 
about a new solicitor; insisting 
on seeing Mr Pettyfogger be- 
cause he had been the family 
solicitor for 100 years. 

There was a fairly constant 
throughput of clients — 
“there’s a lot of marital stress 
in Dunstable" — in addition to 
which Frostig thinks we are a 
more litigious society now. 
“Time was when no one 
would have dreamt of consult-, 
ing a solicitor if their vacuum 
cleaner was unsatisfactory." 
He now conducts fixed fee 
interviews at £5 for half an 
hour to get people used to 
seeking a solicitor's advice. 

This is part of the increasing 
competition in the profession, 
and not only from licensed 
conveyancers. The number of 
solicitors' firms has doubled 
to six in Berkhamsted over the 
last 15 years. “It is a very high 
pressure job now." His work is 
broadly based, unlike a City 
specialist “I find it stimulat- 
ing that after some conveyanc- 
ing you can draw up a will, 
ponder over a nice juicy 
commercial matter, do a spot 
of divorce, then pop down to 
court" ■ 

Frostig was a member of the 
Young Solicitors national 
committee and served as its 
representative on the profes- 
sional development commit- 
tee of the Law Society. The 
main changes he-has assessed, 
over the 10 years since he 
qualified are that solicitors are 
having to turn their hands to 
work previously ignored — 
“tax work was pooh-poohed 
and left to accountants” . 

There may tie more work 
and more solicitors but less 
are willing or able to cultivate 
the bedside manner needed in 
a small country town. Hori- 
zons are wider now: “If you 
had been born in 
Berkhamsted you would prob- 
ably want to get out of it for 
the rest of your life" 

Frostig lives 15 miles away 
in Radlett so as not to bump 
into his diems in the shops 
and to be a We to stand as an 
Alliance candidate for the 
county council without com- 

He admits that people who 
are moderately competent in 
his job can earn reasonable 
money from a reasonable age 
and have a reasonably inter- 
esting life. “You can do this 
job without being a brilliant 
lawyer. What will distinguish 
you is quality of character." 


George Threlfall is a 36-year- 
old barrister who was raised 
on the law. His father was a 
distinguished commercial silk 
on the Western drcuit and 
Threlfall’s earliest recollection 
of the potential joys of life at 
the Bar is of cloned cream 
asthe invariable by-product of 
appearances at Exeter Assizes. 

He now works on the 
Western circuit himself the 
difference being that whereas 
his father travelled and stayed 
away from home a week at a 
time, he can commute from 
Fulham. Improved transport 
and communications consti- 
tute one of the biggest changes 
at the Ban a generation ago the 
circuit was a remarkable trav- 
elling circus comprising the 
judges, the barristers, a circuit 
butler, even special drcuit 
hotels and lodgings wherein 
reposed the drcuit cellar, sup- 
porting mess dinners at which 
an all-male collegiate atmo- 
sphere flourished. 

“It was in the days when 
wives were used to their 
husbands being away running 
the empire", says ThrelfalL a 
bachelor. “Now fathers are so 
much more involved with 
bringing up the family, barris- 
ters either live in the country 
on the circuit or commute." 
The expense that involves can 
be reclaimed at second-class 
ticket leveL 

and approving of the scholar- 
ships and pupillage awards 
that have expanded the Bar's 
intake in the past 10 years 
beyond those who have a 
private income. Threlfall un- 
ashamedly remains a conser- 
vative barrister. 

“You can still surround 
yourself with agreeable com- 
panions with the utmost integ- 
rity and a broad breadth of 
interests. I have never met any 
barrister who was a slave to 
the law. They may be trans- 
formed at weekends into bal- 
loonists. And it is a young 
man's profession; you can be a 
silk by 45 and a judge at 50. 
The self-employment and lack 
of routine are both stimulating 
because ultimately you are 
answerable only to your con- 
sdence. your client and the 

Threlfall is a compassionate 
man who has to deal dispas- 
sionately with society's trans- 
gressors. “When I started 1 
was rather disappointed bow 
thoroughly ordinary villains 
looked. I have never been 
completely repulsed, neither 
do I think anyone is irredeem- 

Our whole legal system 
depends on that and anybody 
is entitled to the advice of a 

“The great thing about 
members of the Bar is that 
they remain free spirits. There 
is something for every type of 
intellect from the analyst to 
the advocate, but they consti- 
tute the thin bewigged line 
between democracy and to- 
talitarianism because they are 
an independent and fearless 

De Gaulles at 

T benamcofdeGaolfem 

France is like that oi 
Kennedy in the United 
Stales or Churchill in Britain, 
only more so. It is a name 
that symbolizes an almost 
mythical past of French great- 
ness and prosperity, before 
1 which every knee must tow, 
regardless, of political affili- 

So rt was with an under- 
standable flurry of excite- 
ment ' that the 
Rassemblement pour la 

L . ... /n nn \ 

Republique (RPR), .which 
claims for 

itself the title of 

-Gaullist”, announced last 
November that one of the 
great man's grandsons was to 
stand as a candidate m the 
forthcoming general election. 
It was the first time since the 
general's death 16 years be- 
fore that a de Gaulle had 
returned to the political fray. 

A couple of months later, 
however, consternation: an- 
other grandson, and one fur- 
thermore bearing the 
general’s own name, Charles 
de Gaulle, had also decided 

to stand in next Sunda ys 

elections, only this time tor 
the centre-right Union pour 
la Democratic Franchise 
(UDF). The RPR felt that its 
thunder had been stolen by 
its supposed ally. 

The rival de Gaulle candi- 
dates are brothers, two of toe 
sons of Admiral Philippe de 
Gaulle, eldest son of the 
general. Charles, an interna- 
tional lawyer aged 37, is the 
eldest of four brothers in the 
family. Jean, aged 32. partner 
in a firm of chartered accoun- 
tants, is the third son. Neither 
has been in politics before 
and neither bears the slightest 
physical resemblance to his 
distinguished forebear - nor, 
for that matter, to each other. 

Charles is round, red-faced 
and jovial, with rapidly dis- 
appearing Monde hair. He is 
married with- two sons, lives 
in the fashionable Eighth 
Arrondissement ofParis, and 
plays squash and real tennis. 
Jean is taH — at 6ft 4in, be is 
2ft . inches taller than his 
grandfather - lanky, pale- 
faced and bespectacled, with 
a wide, generous smile, giving 
the impression of an over- 
grown - prep - schoolboy. He 
lives alone in a flat on the 
south-west outskirts of Paris 
■arid has a passion for sailing, 
tennis and home computers. 

A hhough. Jean appeals 
less outgoing than his 
elder toother, both 
-have an easy charm and 
relaxed courtesy bom of their 
privileged background which 
facilitates their contact with 
people from all walks oflife. 
Both report that they have 
little difficulty on the elector- 
al stump and that they are 
usually greeted with warm 
delight as soon as the magical 
name is pronounced 
Their grandfather has been 
a dominant influence in their - 
lives. As children, the Elysee 
Palace became a virtual sec- 
ond home throughout the 10 
years of de Gaulle’s presiden- 
cy, while family holidays 
were regularly spent at the 
general’s house at Colombey, 
in the Haute Marne. 

The RPR originally pro- 
posed that Jean should stand 
in the Haute Marne, but be. 
decided that be did not want 
to tag on to his grandfather's 
coat-tails. Although he says 
that he feels proud to be the 
grandson of so great a name. 

and agrees with everything he 
etimes feels 

stood for, he sometimes 
the family name is more a 
burden than an advantage. 

“I did not go into politics 
because I am called Jean de 
Gaulle", he insists, “but be- 
cause I believe confidence 
must be given back to busi- 
ness. In my job, I am in close 
contact with more than 250 
firms, and over the past five 
years of socialist rule I have 
seen investments fall, profits 
slump and redundancies rise. 
It is time to give employers 
back the taste for risk and 
enterprise, and thereby io 
create new jobs- - 

“Of course, I carry a presti- 
gious name. But for me, I am 
just a candidate like any 
other. I am not - my 

Diana Geddes talks 

t o the grandsons 
of the famous 

general who are 
standing in the 

French election 

grandfather's torch-bearer. I 
am first and foremost Jean. 
It's not easv sometimes being 
a de Gaulle' because your 
mistakes ^arc less easily 

He nevertheless grudgingly 
admits that given his lac k of 
previous political experience 
be almost certainly .would*! 
never have been parachuted 
into the top RPR place-ofthe 
joint RPR-UDF. the Duet 
IS&vrcs (the seat of his 
mother’s family), with an 
absolute certainty of being 
elected, if it bad not been for 
his name. 

His brother has -no such 
qualms about proclaiming 
his family heritage. He 
jumped at the idea of stand- 
ing in the Non! from where 
the de Gaulle family or^i- 
nates, as head of the UDF list 
io the regional -ejections. 

French dynasty: Jean (top) and 
Charles de GanUe, grandsons of 
the great general 
.“My grandfather is my 
master", he says. “I was 
always irr perfect agreement 
with turn when he was alive, 
and I don’t fed there would 
be any differences between us * 
were he still alive today. As 
the oldest grandson, I was his 
favourite and I often spoke 
politics with him. Having no 
close friends of his own, his 
immediate family became his 
confidants, and I among 
them. My name has never 
been anything but an advan- 
tage for me." 


the hustings 4 

■5 ' 

. T 


# - 


i ~ 





; i 

T hen why did he not 
choose the Gaullist 
RPR party? “I belong 
to no party”, he replies. “I 
have the backing of the UDF 
with the support of Raymond 
Barre. Sixteen years after my 
grandfather's death, l don't 
feel any one party has the sole 
"right to the Gaullist labd. A 
The electorate of the UDF 
and the RPR are basically the 
same. Raymond Barre has 
totally Gaullist ; tendencies, 
more so- than certain others" 

— an evident dig at tlie RPR 
leader, -Jacques Chirac. 

Asked about the possibility 
of another- President de 
Gaulle of France, the broth- 
ers assume a mu tual bashfuL 
ness. “I have no personal 
ambitions”. Charles insists. 
Anyway, it is for The people 
to decide, not me.” Jean also 
declines to look too far into 
the future. “1 fed it's impor- 
tant to remain humble in 
politics”, Jte says. “One r 
shouldn't try to move 1 too 
fast. As you British say, it’s 
important to be the right 
man, in the right place, .at the 
right time." 

Travelling, paying his clerk, 
the cost of his chambers and 
selling aside money for a 
pension make big inroads in 
Threlfalls. receipts i as i a barris- 
ter working on criminal legal 
aid cases. In the year 1983-84 
those expenses amounted to 
about £21,000, two-thirds of 
his total receipts of around 
£28.000. “Fortunately 1 have a 
small private income which 
just keeps my head above 
water", he says. 

While admitting legal aid 
work is poorly renumeraied. 



J Money allocation 

4 Horse food (6) 

7 Indication (4) 

8 impending (S) 

9 Lurches (8) 

LJ Feeble (3) 

16 Druglrip(i3) 

17 Married woman (3) 
19 Paternal (81 

24 Numerous (8) 

25 Grind (4) 

26 Fake (6) 

27 Enthusiastically (6) 

HaaKona. aaa 


1 Bottom (4) 

2 Foxglove drug (9) 

3 Object (5) 

4 Thigh bone (5) 

5 Bacon skin (41 

6 Wish greater (5) 

10 Throaty (5) 

It Decree (51 

12 Disgrace (5) 

13 Spiral air ament (9) 

14. Timbre (4) 

15 Nor genuine (4) 
18 Uneven (5) 

20 Fully (5) 

21 Laughing mammal 

22 Knock unconscious 

23 Gambit (4) • 


ACROSS: 1 Skiver 5 Mate 8 Ridge 9 Idiotic 11 Fishwife 13 
Area 15 Cracker-barrel 17 Easy 18 Hebrides 21 Trundle 22 
Banjo 23 Slay 24 Tender 

DOWN: 2 Kudos 3 Vie 4 Reinforcement 5 Maim 6 Caterer 7 Pro-, 
ficiem 10 Charleston 12 Wake 14 Parr 16 Assault 19 Dunce* 20 
Edgy 22 Bus 




4 ^ 





Healing the deep scars of grief 



berfen is a stark symbol 
«:*«** involving 
chfldren. One hundr3 
sixteen of then 
, . It ®ed ia this Sooth 
Watesvilfage m 1966 when a coal 
spoil tip slid down s mountamsde 
aod <nraUed two schools, also 
blirag 28 adults. 

•.No child in the village was 
untouched by the disaster and 
mostof the young survivors were 
directly involved. The great ma- 

Jfintv lu^rs m* ■tu> m L..i x. 

The discovery this week of the Challenger space capsule is bound to open emotional wounds among the thousands 

of US children who saw it explode, killing the astronauts and a teacher. How can psychologists help to overcome 
the traumas? Gareth Huw Davies looks back on the Aberfan tragedy and Penny Symon reports from America 

overwhebned them. Many 
■ were partly buried themselves: 
most bad dose friends or aMmpt 
who were IciBed. 

Yet Aberfan is also an iQnstra- 
' m>n of how resilient the young 
mind can be under the most' 
extre me circumstances. The ma- 
jority .of the ' children mm* 
.through one of the mod appalling 
peacetime tragedies with remark- 
abJy httle long-term affect, after a 
t level of. psychological care 
would be considered meagre com- 
pared with that for the New 

Hampshire children who saw their 

teacher killed in the Challenger 
space shuttle. 

. ft was at least two months after 
the disaster — long after the nation 
had reached for- its wallet to bring 
the village financial assisbmw - 
before the children of Aberfan 
were examined by psychiatrist Dr 
James. OithilL And even he was 
brought in nor by' the authorities 
but by solicitors acting for the 
families. .... 

Dr CuthfiL now a consultant 
psychiatrist at the Park Hospital 
Bridgend, Mid Glamorgan, exam- 
ined 86 children and remained in 
contact with them for four years. 
He found 63 per cent had fairly 
severe or moderately severe symp- 
toms of psychological trauma — 
they were apprehensive, noisy, - 
tearful, dazed, withdrawn, timid, 
A large number were fearful of 
loud noises — especially sirens, 
aircraft or thunder — . and of tall 
buildings. About 40 per cent 
developed bed wetting. Some of 
those who had bees partially 
buried experienced ' abnormal 
brain rhythms. 

Only 40 per cent received 
treatment, parity due to the lack of 
local psychiatric a*a*t«nBg More 
than half received no specialist 
treatment apart from the family 
doctor. What effect did the low 
level of eariy attention have on the 
children? CuthiD found that in 75 
per cent of those mo£t severely 
affected, the rale of improvement 
was relatively slow. . 

But after four years 92 per cent . 
were almost symptom free, wither 
without treat m ent, -which in the . 
main consisted of a psychiatrist . - 
talking to the child in the presence 
of a parent, often bringing out . 
details the parents had not. Some 
children, for instance, recalled .• 
horrifying stories of being buried 
alive with dead classmates. 

Students at Concord High School 
in New Hampshire were wearmg 
. party hats and woe about to start 
celebrating arotmd the television 
_set The space shuttle Challenger 
had jnst Idled oft carrying one of 
their teachers. 37-year-old Christa 
McAatiffe. The excitement tamed 
to honor a minute later as the 
spacecraft exploded in a ball of 

The scene was witnessed by 
mflfions of schooldnldreiL Mrs 
McAoliffe had planned to give 
televised lessons from space, and 
had described the shuttle ride, as 
the “ultimate field trip”. 

“We soon had more titan 75 
phase calls from doctors, psychol- 
ogists and agencies, describing 
themselves as experts in grief) all 
wanting to come and get. ns 

‘We cried, talked and held each other’ 

through tiie crisis**, said Mr Hal 
Ppsseft, one of the schoofs four 
guidance counsellors who deal 
with the pupils' academic and 
personal problems. “We had not 
been trained to deal with anything 
like tills but we felt very strongly 
that we wanted to keep it within 
the community. Outsiders would 
have been intruding on something 
we had to work out for ourselves." 

Schoolchildren at Concord, 
New Hampshire (above) 

fantasy, bat Mrs McAoliffe was a 
real human being, part of their 
everyday lives. Next to parents. 

try, cried, talked and held each 
other. We accepted that we could 
have nightmares — I have had a 
couple myself — and that, although 
time heals, we know we will always 
be affected by this dreadful event." 

Psychologists from Concord's 
menial health centre were asked to 
help, but they were local people. 
One, Dr Michael Vanaskie, said: 
“Our job was to help the teachers 
handle their grief at the shocking 
death of a friend and cofleagne, so 

that they in turn could give help 
and support to the children." 

In a local radio phone- m. Dr 
Vanaskie advised hundreds of 
people “to encourage the children 
to talk about their feelings — but 
not to force them to speak if they 
did not want to - and to tell them 
that it was a normal reaction to a 
tragic event to feel unhappy and 
ary, that they should not keep it 

teachers are the most important 
adults in a child's life." 

“Films a boat space and star 
wars, with fighting ami explosions, 
are nnreal and can be accepted as 

Dr Vanaskie encouraged teach- 
ers and counsellors to talk to 
children in small groups, and to 
give the younger ones the opportu- 
nity to draw or write what they felt 
“We tried to behave like a 
family in moaning, and we gained 
solace from reaching oat to each 
other", Mr Posseft said. “When 
school reassembled on the second 
day after the accident we got 
together to read the supportive 
messages from afl over the coan- 

“We feel that we shall come 
through this because we used the 
old-fashioned methods of 
mourning". Mr Posseit said. “And 
because the community spirit was 
so strong. " 

A handful of students were 
having to undergo special counsel- 
ling, be said, “in most cases, the 
child had experienced a loss of a 
friend or relative, and bad not 
really got over iL The explosion 
brought back those unresolved 
feelings and tensions, and 
thoughts that ‘life isn't fair*." 

The children’s improvement 
was generally faster than some of 
the adults, whose continuing grief 
slowed the emotional p rogress of 
the children. CutbiH has followed 
up many of his patients into 
adulthood. “‘Some have done 
extremely well; the majority of 
victims who came from stable 
homes have soiled themselves 
out." : • 

Whifehe is sort health authori- 
ties would respond in far greater 
measure today, Cuthill is uneasy 
about the idea of a rapid deploys 
meat psychological rescue mission 
along the lines of that being 
mounted in New Hampshire: “It 
is much better to treat victims 

calmly and sympathetically until 
they are oat of shock, which can 
last weeks”. . 

Psychiatrists no longer believe 
that early experience moulds a 
child's personality in an unchang- 
ing way or that childhood trauma 
leads inevitably to later psychiat- 
ric illness. Yet those exposed to 
disaster are twice as likely to 
develop psychological disorders as 
their peers either in childhood or 
later. Dora Black, consultant child 
psychiatrist at London's Royal 
Free Hospital, says that children 
are always the victims of disaster, 
either directly or through the loss 
of parents. 

She favours rapid action 

through a specialist team set opto 
visit the scene of disasters and give 
psychological help to survivors 
and the bereaved. Cruse, the 
support organization for the be- 
reaved. is seeking government 
support for just such a team to 
complement the medical aid 
available in every major hospital’s 
disaster programme. 

White disaster involving chil- 
dren would bring a swifter re- 
sponse from the authorities today 
than at the time of Aberfan. Dr 
Black is not convinced that 
enough is being done. After the 
Bradford fire in 1985, for instance, 
the social services team responded 
readily to the families' needs. But 

the dty has only one child 
psychologist for a population of 

Dr Black points to the Israeli 
experience of inoculating children 
against the stress of bereavement. 
In a recent school bus accident in 
Israel resulting in many casualties, 
a team of psychologists moved in 
immediately and started to get the 
children to talk about the experi- 
ence and do drawings about it 

Work in Northern Ireland and 
elsewhere suggests that, although 
they may suffer trauma through 
disaster, children can be protected 
if they arc helped to express and 
master their anxiety. 

“If we can get children to 

ventilate their grief in this way 
they can do very much better than 
if they are left a’ Jong lime and the 
experience is su pressed”. Dr Black 

However. Dr Black is concerned 
that the frisson children might get 
from dramatic death highly publi- 
cized by television, such as 
Aberfan and Challenger, is not 
being adequately addressed. 
“When children are seeing violent 
death on TV so often, it is very 
difficult for them to distinguish 
between fiction and fact. Particu- 
larly for children who don’t have a 
personal relationship with the 
victims, it must be a very unreal 

Hel^ for 

From Ruth Lumley-Smith. 
Fawley. Wantage. Oxon 

The article on suicide (Febru- 
ary 26) raises poignant issues 
and must have caused incredu- 
lity and sorrow to nany read- 
ers. It left me gasping with 
frustration, ft is possible that 
Sally O’Brien bas never heard 
of the Samaritans? 

The treatment given to sui- 
cidal patients in hospital 
sounds unbelievably heartless, 
and I am ia no position to 
question what the author 
claims. However, on the ques- 
tion of after care, although 3 
am afraid she is right in saying 
that doctors do not have time 
to give their patients the long 
term care they may need, I find 
myself astonished that no 
mention is made of the coun- 
trywide service offered by the 

Sally Brompton * writes: 
“O'Brien feels there should be 
specially trained counsellors 
based in the community able !o 
provide long-term help for 
overdose patients." There are - 
all over the British Isles, 
although the trained Samari- 
tan volunteers do not call 
themselves counsellors, rather 
fulfilling their role as listen- 
ers. Every major city and town 
has a branch, and every local 
telephone book carries their 
number. The telephones are 
manned 24 hoars a day, and 
most centres are open to 
receive anyone who wants to 
come in for a talk between 8am 
and lOpm. 

It is vitally important to 
disseminate the information as 
widely as possible so that no 
discharged suicide (or poten- 
tial suicide) like Lucy will ever 
again go home to an empty fiat 
without knowing that at the 
end of a telephone line there is 
loving, caring, understanding 
and uncritical support 

From Dr Peier Rohde, Consultant 
Psychiatrist. St Stephens Hospital. 
London SUIQ 

Sally Brampton's article is mis- 
leading and unfair to the present 
staff at St Stephens Hospital, 
when she quotes in detail a case 
admitted who received “persona! 
hostility" and inadequate care for 
emotional needs", but fails tc 
mention that Che admission con- 
cerned took place in 1975. Si 
Stephens has. for some time, had a 
unit for self-harm cases, a team 
which reviews each incident 
offTe ring appropriate care — and 
the numbers are dropping. 

An alchemist in the wings 

Well known as a 

successful actress. 

Jody Cornwell has 

much more going on 
in her head than her 

next opening lines 

She bas just made a 
appearance on a BBC Radio 2 
religious programme. “It was 
terribly embarrassing baause, 
you see, basically Pm not", 
Judy Cornwell says. She star- 
tled the interviewer, who basi- 
cally was, by declaring: “Just 
because somebody has a collar 
on the wrong way doesn’t 
mean to say they're good 
examples of what they profess 
to be". . 

Now she sips Pemer water 
and guffaws loudly over the 
incident, before holding forth 
on Celtic history, alchemy, 
mysticism, local politics and 
international warfare. 
Cornwell is interested m all 
that, and more besides: one of 
-that rare breed of actress who 
has more in her bead than her 
. next opening fines and treats 
her profession as the job u is. 
“Going on stage is work , she 
says. “You just do yoar craft— 

that’s all it is, a skill that you 
learn. You can either do it or 
you can 't. 

“I couldn't just act. I'd be 
bored to death. Tin a jack-of- 
all-irades. 1 don’t know why 
everybody’s got to specialize 
and be expert at just one thing. 
Why cant we as individuals 
ex press ourselves in aB sorts of 
ways? We’re not just one 
straight categorized egg that 
goes into a particular 

She speaks from a portion 
of strength, as a suaxssfol 
actress, published anthOA .fo- 
cal magistrate, housewife, 
mother and member of sever- 
al action groups in her home 
town of Brighton- These in- 
clude the West Pier Trust 
which fought for several vears 

“to save our pier from being 
yanked down" and the Alco- 

Ly: v r 

praising her performance as a 
corpse in a murder play on the 
end of the pier. “1 thought 
Nvbal marvellous taste* and 
wrote him a nice letter think- 
ing he must be old and wise. 
He turned up at the theatre 
and we had a coffee and three 
months later we were 

That was 25 years ago and 
they have lived in Brighton 
ever since. Cornwell loves the 
town because “it is not too 
respectable. It's a very naugh- 
ty town, full of eccentrics and I 
think I feel at home there". 
Her own background was 
uncon vemi onaL Boro in En- 
gland, she was brought up on a 

Jody Cornwell: ‘Tmajack-oMMrades* 

vast bean and pineapple farm 
if the Australian 

holies Recovery Shelter, of 
which she is chairman. 

As an actress, her achieve- 
ments range from Stratford- 
upon-Avon to the West End 
stage. Her films include 
Withering Heights, Devil’s 
Lieutenant and, most recently, 
Santa Claus, in which she co- 
starred with Dudley Moore. 

She is regularly seen on televi- 
sion in classics . such as The 
Mill on the Floss and The 
Good Companions, and won 
an Emmy for her part in Call 
Me Daddy with Donald Pleas- 
aace. She was also nominated 

fora Bafta Best Actress Award 

in Cakes and Ale, in which she 
a yrt from 17 to 78. 

*1 couldn’t jnst 
act — I’d be 
bored to death 9 

Design Centre selected 
Cubes to wartrabes, s&eMngj® 
iresHes- ideal 

Mail-order caja-ogue loruisit us> 

CidreStoro 58 Pem&roto «d 

0V994 BOW laiSo SfiK S Nottsj. 

Now She is to play a 
widowed bargee in the new 
BBC television series. The 
December Rose, which begin s 
this evening, followed at 
Easter by another character 
role as a “dreadful eccentric 
mystic, riddled with arthritis" 
in the ES. Benson play. 
Paying GuestsSbs enjoys her 
work but even so, she is 
happier writing. She has been 
sen obiing away all her life but, 
until recently, had never done 
anything with her work, l 
think, probably, because being 
an actress I reft it was a bit 

One of her poems was once 
read at a Sussex poetry raid- 
ing, which she found embar- 
raSing- She also collaborated 
with her husband; the BBC 
arts correspondent- John Par- 
ry on a commissioned televi- 
sion script about mature 

students: Although it was' 
never produced, they were 
paid about £2,000. The dis- 
covery that she could earn 
money for what she was 
already doing for pleasure 
inspired her to write a book. 
The result. Cow and Cow 
Parsley, published in Novem- 
ber, is already in its second 
edition. She uses it as a vehicle 
for her hobby-horses such as 
the dangers of dogma, ma- 
nipulation and male chauvin- 
ism and the fact that 
“suffering is not necessarily 
the monopoly of the working 
class". Her heroine is an 
“insignificant" middle-class, 
middle-aged woman who 
finds her true self when she 
moves from Brighton to Som- 
erset and becomes involved in 
white magic, Celtic mythology 
and growing her own vegeta- 

“At the time I wrote it, 
everyone in the media was 
rushing off into Restoration 
plays or period pieces and it 
seemed to me that nobody was 
talking about the real things 
that were going to happen in 
the 1980s and 90s.” The book 
also gave her the opportunity 
to share her interests in medi- 
tation, mysticism and alche- 
my — in which she has 
dabbled since leaving school - 
“nothing incredibly compli- 
cated, just proving things, 
finding out principles, break- 
ing things down”. 

Her happiest times are 
spent “toddling about”, as her 
-20-year-old son describes iL 
“Thin means pottering with a 
microscope, fiddling with bits 
of mould, poking things in the 
garden, generally playing" 

She met her husband after 
he had written a review for the 
local Brighton newspaper 

in the heart o 
bush which her father, an 
expen on Indian mythology, 
bought after the war. He 
returned to Britain when she 
was 13 and two years later she 
got her first stage part as a 
dancer in Cinderella after 
pouring ink on her National 
insurance card to hide her age. 

At 29 

youre myour prune 

At 33 


‘ As 1 get older I 
feel closer to 
the child I was’ 

“In true schmaltzy fashion I 
watched the leading woman in 
the wings and as soon as she 
was ill I said T can do it* and 
went on." She then joined 
Jimmy Wheeler’s knockabout 
comedy team and was pul 
under contract to Howard 
Wyudham's theatre company 
as their youngest female 
priQcipaI.“I was a fairly terri- 
ble child”, she recalls. "And 1 
don't think my personality has 
changed over the years - in 
fact, as I get older 1 feel closer 
\o the child that I was. I'm still 
a rebel; only more, a positive 

“Acting teaches you your 

“Writing is different It's 
your own work. You have 
characters doing what you 
want them to do which is what 
I like about it But you also 
have that terrible thing of self- 
criticism, no one to blame but 
yourself. At least as an actress 
you can always turn round 
and say ‘God, that director’s 
dreadful' or ‘What do you 
. expect with a script tike that?* 
A book is like licking honey 
off a thorn. You have tile 
enjoyment but you also have 
the terror and the pain.” 

Sally Brompton 

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1 - 












Jim’s story 
— latest 

As the bids dose today for Jim 
Pno^s explosive memoirs, I can 
name the man he uncovets who 
objected to Mis Thatcher being 
brought into Edward Heath's 
shadow cabinet in 1965: Lord 
Whitelaw, now her deputy and 
doses ally. Prior (who later 
became Mrs Ts Northern Ireland 
Secretary) says it was be who 
recommended her to Heath. As a 
result of the alleged obstruction 
from Whitelaw — then Oppo- 
sition chief whip — Mia T was 
passed over. Prior also reveals 
that during the Lord Lambton 
s c and al, his then mime minister. 
Heath, was so terrified of another 
“Profiimo"that he sent off Prior 
and his then principal private 
secretary. Sir Robert Armstrong, 
now bead of the dvil service, to 
question a nightclub hostess. The 
battle for the book and serial 
rights - expected to fetch 
£100.000 — is on this morning 
between The Sunday Times in 
partnership with Collins, and The 
Observer and Hamis h Hamilton. 
The Sunday Telegraph is also 
keen. When I asked Prior to 
elaborate on his revelations, he 
said: “You can't print any of this. 
My memoirs are confidential 
You are breaking confidences. 
How did you gel hold of this?" 
That's politics, Jim. 

No-panic Pan 

The publishing director of Pan, 
Sonny Mehta, better known as 
“Mr Pan", was busted this week 
by police for possessing cocaine. 
Mehta was in Adelaide — not for 
the Queen's visit, but fix- a literary 
festival. Indian-born, Cambridge- 
educated Mehta, who founded the 
Paladin imprint before joining 
Put, was detained for an hour by 
police and fined. Afterwards the 
blase Aussie police hailed a taxi to 
speed him to his next appoint- 
ment He returns to London next 
week. Yesterday Pan said: “There 
is no great shock or panic here . . . 
The matter is closed." 


Former Tribune editor Chris 
Mullin is in no position to 
complain if the moderates who 
have regained control of Sunder- 
land South Labour party snatch 
his parliamentary nomination 
from him. In 1981 he published a 
guide for left-wing activists: How 
to Select or Reselea Your MP. 

Unholy chapter 

The Chapter of Canterbury 
Cathedral has been accused of 
taking political sides and endors- 
ing the Channel TunneL The 
allegation comes from 
Canterbury's diocesan synod, 
who met a few days ago and 
condemned the signing of the 
Anglo-French agreement in the 
cathedral's Chapter House on 
Ash Wednesday as “misguided 
and insensitive”. The Arch- 
deacon of Canterbury, John 
Simpson, told the indignant' 
clergymen that the Chapter 
House was not consecrated; to 
have declined the Foreign 
Office’s request to use it would 
have constituted a political state- 
ment. Moreover, the house had 
already been used for a “CND 
meeting and a barn dance”. 


GM dollars: foe or friend? 


dm tar r 

** t i 

‘Friday? Sorry, Neville'S taking me 
to me betting shop for lunch' 

Family affair? 

Who is tipped to take over from 
Nick Cowans, the resigning chair- 
man of West Lambeth Health 
Authority? None other than John 
Garnett, ’director of the Industrial 
Society. Ministers apparently 
hope he win be able to keep the 
authority, with its left-wing La- 
bour councillors, quiet at a time 
when big cuts are having to be 
TTisfte at St Thomas's Hospital. It's 
a slim hope. I note Garnett is the 
father-in-law of Peter Bottomiey, 
the junior transport minister - 
former parliamentary private sec- 
retary to Norman Fowler, Health 
Secretary, who makes the appoint- 
ment to the £10,000-a-year part- 
time post. 


Radio 4's laboured links, which 
gave Miles Kington food for 
thought last week, are catching. At 
Bush House the other day a Polish 
Service newsreader ended a report 
on a visit to Athens by the Polish 
foreign minister, Marian Oize- 
chowski, by saying that the follow- 
ing day he would be going to Crete 
“unless he follows the course of an 
increasing number of visitors 
from communist countries and 
derides to seek asylum. (Pause for 
listener to chuckle). Talking of 
defectors . . .” and on to the next 
story. The Polish embassy pro- 
tested and Bush broadcast a 
sheepish apology. PHS 

Go for a British 
says Richard 
Shepherd MP 

No Conservative MP from the 
West Midlands could claim that 
the government's performance 
over the prospective sale of Land 
Rover, Bright Rover, Leyland 
Trucks and related businesses has 
been a happy one. 

It initially appeared to have 
conducted negotiations in a way 
that gave substance to the charge 
that it is prepared to do a deal only 
with General Motors to the exclu- 
sion of other options and with 
indifference to national sentiment 
and the views of its own support- 
ers in the West Midlands. 

In so doing, it let loose the bare 
that the government was un- 
patriotic and overly deferential to 
American interests. 

Unfortunately, the original se- 
crecy of the negotiations and the 
seeming predisposition to sell to 
American companies has fuelled 
an incipient anti-Americanism 
and a widespread uneasiness that 
the governunent is not only 
without an industrial strategy but 
also favours anti-British solutions 
for our industrial problems. 

In the beginning, ministers 
seemed to be arguing that no one 
but General Motors would buy the 
loss-making truck division and 
then only if the profitable Land 
Rover were included. Sotto voce, 
an impression was conveyed that 
while Land Rover is profitable 
now, the future is not so certain 
and that a deal with General 
Motors is a more assured way of 
maintaining employment and 

This Whitehall view seemed to 


California has become a new 
melting-pot with a racial mixture 
as exciting, and perhaps as explo- 
sive, as New York's 100 years ago. 
Except for Mississipi, which has 
had a black majority (albeit a very 
subservient one) since the 1930s, 
and Hawaii California will be the 
fast of the United States in which 
less than half the population is of 
European stock. 

In 1950 California had a 
population of 10 million, of whom 
87 per cent were of European 
origin. By 2010 it will have 36 
million people. 53 per cent of 
them black, Asian or Latino 
(Latino has replaced Hispanic as 
the OK word for Sjpanish-speak- 
ers). The removal or ethnic quotas 
from US immigration policy in 
1965 transformed the country's 
racial intake: Asians — Indians. 
Indo chinese, Japanese, Koreans 
and many others, — jumped from 
6 per cent to 36 per cent of new 
arrivals, and Latinos (officially) 
from 21 percent to4l percent. 

What this means for the people 
of California has just been the 
subject of an interracial con- 
ference at Caltech, that most 
prestigious of scientific univer- 
sities. Is the situation a recipe for 
gloom and doom, for disaster 
scenarios? We were meeting only 
20 miles and 20 years from the 
devastating riot in the blade ghetto 
of Watts. 

Californian blacks are still dis- 
proportionately unemployed and 
aggrieved. The much more nu- 
merous Latinos are less aggrieved 
but no less deprived. The Asians, 
with their close-knit families, have 
incomes comparable to the white 
majority but they too have a sense 
of social exclusion. Will these 
disparate groups gang op against 
the once dominant whites as soon 
as they have the numbers to do so? 

We had met in response to a 
new and exhaustive study of the 
experience and attitudes of 
California’s minorities. Ethnic 
politicians were invited to discuss 
the research of some very white 
Anglo-Saxon Protestants. Mayors, 
councillors and community lead- 
ers voiced their grievances with 
practised eloquence. 

But the flavour was far from 
what might have been expected. 
Astonishingly, they were not angry 
and they did not foresee any 
dramatic response to the change in 
the population balance. One rea- 
son for that was made plain. What 
the future offers is not a non-white 
majority so much as a multitude 
of minorities, white and non- 
white. Each minority spoke for 
itself, showing little sign of fra- 
ternal feeling for the others. 

“Sure we have coalitions, bat 
they are shifting coalitions, based 
on interest You don't have to like 

be sustained by the belief that 
General Motors would withdraw 
its bid for the truck division if il 
did not secure Land Rov^. 

But surely either General Mo- 
tors wants the track division, 
p resumab ly on the basis that it can 

be made profitable, or it does not; 
and therefore only really wants 
Land Rover. If the latter is the 
case, why is it bidding for bucks? 
And if il really does not want the 
duck division, vital confidence 
can be placed in any undertakings 
in respect of employment and UK 

Fortunately, public indignation 
has widened the government’s 
options. It would seem that there 
are a number of prospective 
purchasers. The supposedly un- 
saleable now looks saleable. 

But the failure ofPaul Qtannon, 
the Trade and Industry Secretary, 
to confirm that the government 
would prefer a British solution 
underlines the widespread unease 
that the government's first inclina- 
tion is not to support British 
management and British industry, 
all other things being equaL This is 
very dangerous ground for a 
Conservative government 

It would be unthinkable for an 
American politician not to express 
a preference for American solu- 
tions where practicable. This is 
not narrow chauvinism but a 
reasonable expectation from poli- 
ticians elected to represent their 
national interest 

It is important that the govern- 
ment should reassure public opin- 
ion on this matter. A dear 
statement by Paul Channon that 
the government would prefer a 
British solution for Land Rover 
would go some way to giving the 
lie to the charge of unpatriotism. 
But in the end the public’s judge- 
ment wffl be determined by the 
outcome of the Land Rover sale. 

The author is Conservative MPfor 

Don’t bar 
US investment, 
says Sir - 
Gordon White 

The odd fever of anti-Ameri- 
canism that has kept Britain warm 
this winter is a nasty disease. 
Chauvinism and economic illit- 
eracy always nurture the latent 
mercantilism of politicians, but 
they should have grown out of iL 

Most ally of all our statesmen, 
Edward Heath asserts that Ameri- 
can —and presumably Japanese, 
German and Egyptian — invest- 
ment in British firms is the 
unacceptable face of privatization. 
In the case of both Westland and 
BL the government was merely 
trying to wean ailing firms from 
their perennial dependence on 

The portrayal of multinational 
corporations as misanthropic 
agencies is as perplexing as it is 
depressing. The international 
diffusion of men and machines, 
knowledge and skill, enriches all 
nations involved in trade across 
boundaries. Neither Sikorsky nor 
General Motors is philanthropic. 
They axe looking for future profits, 
a sign that they are satisfying 

If only capitalists had the 
evangelical teal to persuade the 
politi cians that the relaxation of 
all forms of international trade 
would enrich the world, MPs 
could stop chaang the delusions of 

The multinationals are the re- 
verse of the “tin-bashers” of 
Michael Hese fane's imagination. 
Com panies that operate across 
frontiers are the most creative and 
adventurous- They do not deplete 
the resources of foreign subsid- 

David Boiler on the aggrieved underdogs 


into a mai 

A brew of hope 
in California’s 

your partners or stay with them," 
said one Latino. “Doesn't every 
status quo find its reassurance in 
the divisions of its challengers?" 
asked a visiting academia 

Plainly the non- whites will 
never be a cohesive bloc It may 
even be wrong to portray them as 
an undercaste of impoverished, 
alienated outsiders. In the 1984 
election 67 per cent of Asians 
supported Reagan compared with 
36 per cent of latinos and a mere 
6 per cent of blacks. 

The dream of a “rainbow 
coalition”, in which all the minor- 
ities unite behind a programme of 
liberal nostrums, is made non- 
sense by the absence of any 
consensus. The Latino vote, or 
even the black vote, may in due 
course merge with the white vote, 
as the votes of the older minor- 
ities - German. Italian, Polish — 
have so largely done and as the 
Asian vote seems to be doing. 

In fact minority attitudes to 
political issues often reflect those 
of America as a whole. Race is not 
a good indicator of positions on 
women's rights, or gun law, or 
mifitary expenditure. 

Yet that does not mean that the 
melting-pot has worked. Second 
and thud generation Latinos have 
a greater sense of being discrimi- 
nated against than their parents. 
The clamour grows for bilingual 
education and trilingual ballots. 
Blacks and Latinos, being poor, 
want more welfare expenditure, 
but so do the poorer whites. 

Meanwhile the Asians thrive as 
the most successful of the new- 
comers (though some of them axe 
three or four generations from 
Japan or China and resent being 
regarded as foreigners). Last week, 
in a nationwide competition for 
the most promising teenage sci- 
entist, five of the 10 finalists were 

iaries or partners; they try to 
husband them. The multination- 
als generally invest far more in the 
human capital of their employees 
than do purely national traders. 

They pay more, they spend 
more on research and develop- 
ment and they export more than 
local firms can. Far from being a 
sinister body, the modem multi- 
national providing its relation- 
ship with the corrupting influence 
of government is not too intimate, 
is a wholly benign force. 

As the chairman of one of the 
largest British companies in the 
United States, I often catch echoes 
of American views as daft as Mr 
Heath's, but even foe mast 
nationalistic congressman appre- 
ciates that foreigners buying intoa 
corporation in Bi rmingham, Ala- 
bama, enrich Alabama. The risk is 
being taken by the foreigners. Why 
does it sound so different in 

Birmin gham) F.n gbmrf? 

It is odd that foe Secretaries for 
Trade and for Scotland, Wales and 
Northern Ireland should spend 
time and energy looking for 
inward investment to Britain if 
transnational manufacturing and 
marketing is damaging to the UK 

American corporations have in- 
vested more than $34 billion in 
Britain. They have not dismantled 
the machine tools shi pped 
them back to Chicago; they have 
backed British workers and man- 
agers. Britain has invested even 
more in America than the US has 
invested here. 

The Heathian form of mer- 
cantilism is one of the oldest tricks 
in the re p e rt oire of rogue-elephant 
politicians. It is childish econom- 
ics, and very bad business. Only 
the atavistic fears of politicians 
prevent the human race from 
trading openly and letting prosper- 
ity flourish. 

The author is chairman of Hanson 

immigrants from Korea, China, 

I npan, Vie tnam and India 

However, the Asians, climbing 
their way to affluence through 
small businesses, are often at the 
mercy of government policy. The 
start-up grants and the procure- 
ment prefere nces once thrust on 
minority entrepren eurs are today 
threatened by budgetary austerity. 

The blades feel themselves 
worst off Their family structure is 
weaker, they have more un- 
employed and, more than other 
communities, are confined to their 
own ghettos. They find it hardest 
to improve fodr lot But since 
Watts, they have turned to drugs 
rather than to violence. Certainly 
their spokesmen at the conference 
did not foresee any violence. 

In 1978 California sent to 
Washington the only Japanese- 
American to serve as a senator. In- 
1982 it almost elected the first 
black governor. California may 
have been the home of Reagan 
and Nixon and of Proposition 13 
(the referendum that pot a ceiling 
on taxes), but in social and racial 
terms it has a liberal e lec tora te 
that will vote for equal rights — 
for women, homosexuals, blacks 
and even for illegal immigrants. 

California may be pecofiariy 
fitted to accommodate the new 
racial strains. But strains there will 
ba Nowhere has the mix of a large 
.area changed faster than that of 
California in the present genera- 
tion. If it gets through the next 30 
years without an explosion, it will 
be a soaroe of hope to other places 
across the world threatened by a 
changing racial balance. 

The conference gave grounds 
for optimism. No one strode any 
matches while among in this 
racial powder-keg. But what was 
evident was not just a semantic 
regard for one another's sensitiv- 
ities. The new minorities made, 
plain that they share foe American 
dream. They want what the old 
minorities wanted: a fair chance in 
foe land of opportunity. They are 
not getting a fair chance today, but 
despite setbacks from a Reaganite 
climate they are still bopefuL 
As their numbers grow, they will 
get a larger share of power, but 
there is no sign that they will use it 
vengefully. It was notable at the 
conference that minority groups 
evinced much more sympathy for 
the deprived underdog than 
resentment for the top dog and his 

War, depression, drugs and 
unemployment could bring 
impossible tensions and destroy 
the sanguine verdict of this 
Caltech conference. But on the 
evidence presented, the prophets 
of doom should feel discouraged. 

The author is a fellow af Nuffield 
College. Oxford. 

Tracking famine to its true source 

The spectre of world starvation, 
ever present at international meet- 
ings in foe early 1970s. has been 
formally exorcised. The World 
Bank starts its new report on 
Poverty and Hunger with con- 
fident simplicity. “The world,” it 
says, “has ample food”. 

The cause of the change, as 
European governments know to 
their cost, is the spectacular 
increase in food production since 
1970. statistically displayed in the 
World Bank's report. Between 
1970 and 1982, world population 
grew by nearly a quarter; but 
worid cereal production increased 
by nearly a third. Only in Eastern 
Europe and East Africa did people 
multiply faster than their produc- 
tion ofbasic food. In foe industrial 
world, cereal output rose three 

times as fast as population. These 
distinctions, of course, provide the 
first clues to today's problems. 

“Abundant” food, in the Worid 
Bank's phrase, does not mean (hat 
everyone knows where the next 
meal is coming from. The in- 
cidence of what it calls “food 
insecurity” has actually increased. 
In 1980, the bank estimates, some 
340 million people received so 

little food that their growth was 
stunted and (heir health seriously 
endangered. Some 730 million 
received too little to support an 
active working life. (These figures, 
necessarily very rough, are likely 
to be underestimates since the 
Worid Bank excluded China, for 
want of sufficient information). 

A good sign is foal although 
numbers increased, foe propor- 
tion of worid population in there 
miserable categories declined 
slightly, foe improvement was 
greatest in fast-growing East Asia 
and the Middle EasL But in South 
Aria, on tire Worid Bank's figures, 
there are three times as many 
undernourished people as in the 
whole of sub-Saharan Africa, the 
area where hunger has now 
touched the world's conscience. 

Television news shots over the 
past year have vividly illustrated 
the contrast between starvation in 
poor countries and food surplus in 
Europe. Bui the World Bank 
makes a point of greater subtlety 
and importance: food and famine 
can co-exist in much doss 
proximity, even in the same 
village. A study of four particu- 
larly disastrous recent fam ines 

demonstrated that a sudden food 
shortage was not foe main cause: a 
sudden drop in income is more 
often foe original explanation. 
Problems of food supply, as the 
starving and destitute congregate 
in refugee camps, then aggravate 
the trouble; they do not always 
begin it. 

This points a lesson which 
many governments, and even 
weD-intentioned relief agencies, 
have sometimes been slow to 
learn. Dumping free food on a 
group of undernourished people 
may simply worsen the problems 
of the local fanners; providing foe 
hungiy with income to bay the 
food on offer in local markets may 
be much more sensible. 

In this report, the Worid Bank 
struggles to distinguish between 
chronic and temporary food in- 
security. But both, it points out, 
can be exacerbated by the wrong 
policies. This report is, as much as 
anything else, a sign of changed 
times, even in the international 
institutions: it emphasizes the 
need to make famine relief cost- 

The World Bank has many 
examples of expensive mistakes 

on which to draw, countries which 
build op enormous stocks of food 
which are expensive to manage 
rather than build up foreign 
exchange reserves which in an era 
of world plenty can be used to buy 
needed food; coon tries which 
over-value their exchange rates to 
keep down the price of imported 
food, only to find they have 
thereby destroyed domestic 
production; countries which sub- 
sidize consumer prices to the 
point where a healthy black mar- 
ket buflds up in buying food cheap 
from the government and selling u 
back at the higher, producer price; 
or, where cheap cereals are sold on 
to feed livestock, not fed to 

The lesson it seeks to drive 
home is that people lack adequate 
food for a diversity of different 
reasons; unless their governments 
know who, and why, they will 
spend a lot achieving little. And 
the more they spend, foe likelier 
they are to slow down economic 
growth, which is the only long- 
term route to food security. 

Sarah Ho&J 

Economics editor 

ry this tonic on 
medical ethics 

A week is 8 long time in medical 
law and ethics! GflBck, Warnock 
and Savage have afl featured in the 
recent news, together with the less 
familiar name of Caroline 
Turvifle, who received record 
damages for n eglige nt treatment 
Four medical dramas have been 
playing in different legal theatres. 
Which is foe best way to resolve 
the dilemmas posed by medical 
law and ethics? 

Doctors often critidze lawyers 
for presuming to set standards in 
medicine. The law, they say, 
insists on ridiculously high stan- 
dards which lead to defensive 
methane. If the opposite of defen- 
sive medicine is aggressive, attack- 
ing or offensive medicine, then 
this might not herald disaster. But, 

in any event, the fear of legal 
regulation engendering defensive 
medicine is largely illusory. For 
what is the legal standard of 
medical negligence? It is none 
other than the standard of care of 
the ordinary doctor. Doctors are 
not negligent if they act in 
accordance with foe practice or 
practices accepted at the time as 
proper by a responsible body of 
medical opinion, even though 
other doctors adopt different prac- 
tices. The law does not impose 
herculean standards. If anything, 
it is too deferential to doctors in 
effectively allowing them to set 
their own standards. 

If doctors object to any stigma 
in being described as negligent, 
there is a ample solution. The 
considerable power of the medical 
profession should be directed 
towards securing appropriate pro- 
vision for those teamed by opera- 
tions, perhaps through a statutory 
compensation scheme. Then there 
would be little need to sue and 
those who cannot pin their suffer- 
ing on someone rise's negligence 
would also benefit 

The medical establishment 
should resurrect the 1978 Pearson 
report on civil liability and 
compensation for personal injury 
which recommended that the state 
provide a weekly payment to all 
children “suffering from a long- 
term mental or physical 
handicap”, whatever the cause. 

As we are still concerned to stop 
incompetence, the need would 
remain for some form of disci- 
plinary procedure within the 
medical profession. But public 
consideration of patients' private 
traumas, as in the Savage inquiry, 
seems legally and ethically un- 

We cannot tell what counts as 
an error of judgement until we 
deride on the acceptable prin- 
ciples of obstetric practice. Incom- 
petence can be assessed only by 
reference to standards of com- 
petence. Counsel for the employ- 
ers and accusers of Wendy Savage 
tried to . distract us from the 
questions of principle. He began 
by aigning that the case should not 
be presented as “one between the 
impersonal imposition of technol- 

ogy and the fr eed o m of a woman 
to choose how t when and in what 
maimer she will have her baby”. 
There is some, but not much, 
merit in that The good point is 
that a woman may choose a “high- 
tech” birth, so that patient power 
cannot be automatically equated 
with natural childbirth. But foe 
misleading inference is foal we can 
assess practice without establish- 
ing principles. 

On the contrary, if the appro- 
priate standard for obstetrics is to 
allow mothers as much freedom as 
is practicable, then Wendy Savage 
is much more likely to be vin- 
dicated than if foe standard of 
competence is deemed to involve 
frequent and early recourse to 
caesarean operations regardless of 
the mother's wishes. 

Good guidelines are conducive 
to good medical practice. They 
can be brought to foe attention of 
all doctors, midwives, nurses and 
patients. They can be used in the 
education of future medics. They 
can concentrate media, and hence 
public, attention. They can be 

Now the DHSS, GMC and 
BMA are all in the business of 
issuing guidance when they think 
fit, as m foe Gillick context of 
contraception for teenagers. 
Occasionally one or more will 
commission a study into appro- 
priate principles. Warnock, for 
example, was instigated by the 
DHSS in response to concern over 
in vitro fertilization. But such 
investigations are isolated, vari- 
able in quality and highly selective 

in their choice of subject matter. 

We deserve a more systematic 
approach to medical law and 
ethics. The courts can provide 
only sporadic, ex post facto re- 
views of problems, depending on 
the vagaries of litigation. Nor is 
the traditional English court 
procedure appropriate for consid- 
eration of the vast array of 
medicaL scientific, moral and 
economic evidence which is ger- 
mane to the establishment of a 
comprehensive code of medical 
law and ethics. 

The Warnock Committee was 
an ad hoc body which produced a 
flawed report. Nevertheless, it had 
the beginnings of a good idea in its 
recommendation of a new statu- 
tory authority with, inter alia, an 
advisory role. We should develop 
this proposed quango into a 
permanent advisory committee. 

What we need, then, is a Super- 
Wamodc a standing commission 
to keep under review the whole 
range of issues in medical law and 
ethics. In time, it could produce 
codes of practice on obstetrics and 
other brandies of medicine. It 
could develop a coherent phil- 
osphy of pattern-doctor partner- 
ship, for example, based on a 
doctrine of informed consent. It 
would aim to spell out patients' 
rights and doctors' duties. 

The author is Lecturer in Law at 
King’s College, London. 

moreover . , . Miles Kington 

sipped here 

Roger Scruton has just published a 
book called Sexual Desire. “It 
took me a day to get through the 
first ten pages,” admits Anne 
BiDson, who was sent by Time Out 
to interview him, “and two days to 
get through foe remaining 418, 
although I only managed that by 
skipping Chapter Three, two 
appendixes, 26 pages of notes and 
two indexes. And a few other 

The reason she found it such 
heavy going, of coarse, is that 
Scmton's book is about foe philos- 
ophy of sex. “The experience of 
desire is fundamentally problem- 
atic,” he explained to her, “be- 
cause it forces us to think of 
another person both as two things 
(as the self looking out and as foe 
body through which he looks) and 
as one thing (foe body which is a 


Any of you who are plagued by 
thoughts like this on a first date 
will go straight to the Scruton 
book. IL like Anne Billson, you 
find it all a bit baffling, you may 
prefer to go straight to a small (300 
pp) volume which I have just 
published called The Philosophi- 
cal Basis of Asking Someone In 
For Coffee, which seeks to exam- 
ine the initial stages of a relation- 
ship rather than survey foe whole 
tiling . 

The first chapter, just to make 
things easy for everyone, is a brief 
history of foe coffee trade. The 
second, more gritty, gets down to 
the first big question: just what do 
we mean by a cup of coffee? Can 
we truthfully identity foe brown 
liquid in the cup for which we are 
being asked in as coffee, or is it, 
philosophically speaking, some- 
thing else? 

For a start, some thing like 95 
per cent of a cup of coffee is 
actually water. The rest may be 
partly milk and sugar, and even 
the brown flavouring and colour- 
ing may only be nominally coffee. 
Freshly brewed coffee uses real 
coffee beans, but only as an 
infusion - after all, the coffee 
grounds are thrown away and not 
given to the guest, who is allowed 
only to have such extracts as are 
removed in five minutes awHng 
In a very real sense, therefore, a 
cup of coffee is hardly coffee at all, 
only 2 per cent at most 

Still with me? What this means 
is that someone who says to you, 
“Would you like to come in for a 

crushed remains of part of foe 
coffee plant?” Yet this question, 
much more satisfying from a 
philosophical point of view, may 
be less satisfactory as a social 
statement. Examination of the 
works ofNieosche, Heidegger and 
Sartre show that this problem has 
never been tackled before. We are 
venturing into wildly exciting new 
territory here. 

Even more exciting is foe next 
chapter, on the symbolism behind 
the question: “May I take your 
coat?” When a man takes a 
woman's coat, he is malting her 
comfortable, yes, but he is also 
beginning to undress , her. The 
implications are enormous. A 
woman may reject the symbolism 
by insisting on retaining her coat 
scarf and gloves, which of course 
makes it very difficult to hold the 
cup, but on the whole I would 
advise it 

The next few chapters centre on 
the question: “Shall I put on a 
record?" The assumption here 
seems . to be that coffee will 
somehow taste nicer with music 
being played. Exhaustive research ■ 
(which 1 have put into 15 pages of 
appendix) show that this is not so. 
The ears have no effect on the 
taste of food. 

What is happening here is 
something quite different; the host 
is attempting to dominate the 
guest's senses, one by one. Feeling 
(the removal of toe coat), taste (foe 
coffee-liquid) and' now hearing 
(level 42). The next assault may 
well come on foe eyes (“Have you 
seen Lord Snowdon’s new book of 

My advice is to resist this 
domination at the record stage by 
saying: “If we must have a record, 
do you have any albums of 
Winston Churchill's war 
speeches?”, thus suggesting that 
although you do like men, you 
prefer them to be older, wiser and 
preferably running the nation. It 
also kills foe conversation. 

By foe end of the book, if you 
have followed my advice, you will 
be holding a cup of coffee in your 
gloved hands, standing up ( never 
accept a seat) and listening to tire 
record player to the exclusion' of 
your host. I£ despite all this 
philosophical rejection of his at- 
tempt to dominate you, be still 
insists on malting certain sugges- 
tions totally irrelevant to coffee 
drinking, my advice is drat 

essentially untruthful statement, cussion of Roger Scmton’s new 
The question should be “Would book on tbe philosophical nature 
you like a cup of hot water which of sexual desire. Ifthal doesn't put 
has been lightly in contact with foe ’ him in his place, nothing wilL 

7 "f 





l^ggggton Street, London E19bDTelephone; 01-481 4100 

V. i V> " 

As Spaniards go to the polls 
today to vote on whether then- 

country should stay in Nato, 

there must be many in Brus- 

selsahd Washington who wish 

that- the Western Alliance’s 
16th member had never de- 

mairi largely untested how- 
ever, since it - has not yet 
committed is troops to- the 
Alliance. Half-in, . half-out of 
Nato,. Spain has yet to decide 

how ter it wants to go. in. the 
Process of military integration 

suryivKl without Spain for 33 .even if it votes yes today 
years* Nato vvould now find its The alliance alread/benefits 
systenL Span’s ge^^ical po- 

“ “P 00 * ttough^ftican use 

oniy.urge the Spaniards to say of the naval base at Rota and 

■c- , • . -• the three air stations at 

Spain joined the Alliance Torrqjon, Saragossa and Mo- 

JSsJS^JIPr?* lm * ly ron * i^MbtZsmSer an un- 
ptfttacal naans. There was no popular agreement negotiated 
sudden threat to its security . between Resident Eisentowsr 
winch made it change course . and General Franco in 1953. 
and teek shelter. What it Prime Minister Felipe Gon- 
wangl was front-rank status zalez has already begun official 
^ I ” lt ™ited new talks with the Americans to 
Jinks to Em-ope as it negotiated reduce the bases in response to 
its way, from a position of popular opinion — especially 
maximum - strength, into the on the Left. ' 

EEC. The - ti mi ng -of those His government had hoped 
negotiations no_w appears sus- that it could trade suich reduc- 
piciously expedient, with Nato tion in .return for a yes vote. ' 
membership a mere card to be Progress has deliberately been 
played. For the “new slow. Mr Gonzalez hoped that 
Europeans” of Madrid the he might be able , to get away 
Alliance quickly served its with only token cuts — Jong 
purpose. Spain's good faith, let- after the present drama is over, 
alone her adherence to Europe If Mr Gonzalez were forced by 
must, in the wake of a no vote, pressure from the left to push 
look questionable. . harder ( and perhaps force the 

From Nato’s point of view ^ ericans to 8° > N . ato <»dd 
the advantages of Spanish * compensate by incrcaang 
accession were also primarily American strength at other 
apolitical. The size of the “ *e Me<hterraitoan. 

country’s armed forces is But loss of the Spanish bases 
roughly that of Britain’s. They m 5J5 11 & 2 ®er blow 

have more than a million Afoed morale than a de- 
reservists - a pool second only SSSJJS walk out of Nato. A 
to that of the United States of lhls 

(and a comforting statistic for 2? rn b \ I a 4 Y ery 5°?^ I? 31 ?*™ 
conventional force planners in a?? ^? a , t % S /- P ° mt i of i JU 6 *' 
Brussels). On the other hand ^ at Gonza | ez ^st on 
the Spanish army needs re- c . , 

equipping and is badly placed of Spain s main 

to send Snits to Nato’sfront ***** ** 

Hug country to leave the Alliance. 

' . , . Mr Gonzalez campaigned vig- 

The Spanish navy ' could orously against Nato member- 
make a useful contribution to • ship before ram mg to power, 
the Alliance by patrolling, and promised the electorate a 
along with the .Portuguese, the refere ndum on the issue if he 
south-western approaches to were elected. He then changed 
Europe. Such estimates of his mind, as politicians do, but 
Spain's military potential re- found himself saddled with the 


His hope was that the right- 
wing . opposition would help 
him but by urging Spaniards to 
vote yes anyway. But the 
opposition saw the prospect of 
domestic political gain from a 
government defeat and re- 
solved to abstain. No wonder 
the average Spanish voter is 
said to be bewildered by the 
arguments set before him. 

Spain can survive without 
Nato and Nato without Spain. 
-But the referendum matters. 
President de Gaulle’s decision 
to march French troops out of 
Nato in 1966. while allowing 
the country to remain a politi- 
cal member, was a blow from 
which the alliance has never 
fully recovered. 

A no vote might encourage 
other partners whose relation- 
ship with the Brussels 
establishment has been 
strained. It would be seized 
upon by Americans who re- 
gard the Europeans as awk- 
ward and ungrateful allies. The 
anti-Americanism which lies 
behind much of the opposition 
to Nato in Spain can only add 
to this impression in Wash- 

As for Spain, while a de- 
cision to leave Nato might not 
damage its security or eco- 
nomic growth, it would mean a 
retreat from the front rank of 
the European powers. It is 
significant that Mr Gonzalez 
has been trying hard to under- 
tine the “European'’ as op- 
posed to the transatlantic 
character of the Alliance. 

Meanwhile Nato’s patience 
must continue - for 24 hours 
anyway. It must have been 
tempting for Lord Carrington 
and others to have expressed 
their irritation with Spain and 
its political parties winch have 
brought about an unnecessary 
crisis. That would have been 
the best way to ensure the one 
result which both Brussels and 
Madrid so desperately want to 
avoid • 


Mrs Thatcher* a rejection of the 
Soviet call for a nudear weap- 
ons freeze can have surprised 
no-one - least of all Mr 
Gorbachov who issued the 
invitation two months ago. 
The only cause for comment in 
the Kremlin must be the length 
of time that it took her to 

The most encouraging, part 
*.of the Russian leader's com- 
prehensive offer on January 15 
concerned intermediate-range 
nuclear forces (INF) which he 
hoped to see withdrawn from 
Europe in eight years’ time. 
However, while he ceased to 
insist ' that the British and 
French nuclear deterrents 
should, be included in tiiis 
Soviet-American deal, he de- 
manded that these should at 
least be frozen at existing 
strengths and all moderniza- 
tion plans dropped. 

The United .States and 
France have already turned 
down this condition and it was 
vonly a matter of time before 
Britain followed suit In the 
first place the British arid 
French deterrents are strategic 
forces, not European theatre 
weapons — and should be 

considered, if at all, in that 
- . context They arc moreover 
last-ditch deterrents, small by 
comparison with the stock- 
piles of the superpowers. They 
are aq inedudble minimum as 
far as their effectiveness is 
concerned. There might come 
a time when they should be 
considered — but that time is 
not now. 

This applies to their quality 
as well as their size. A freeze on 
modernization would rule out 
the purchase of Trident-2 mis^ 
sites by Britain — forcing the 
Government to rely upon the 
existing Polaris system for the 
rest of the century. But Polaris, 
even with the new £l,000m 
Chevaiine warhead, is already 
of doubtful effectiveness 
against Soviet anti-missile de- 
fences. It would hardly have 
much deterrent value left by 
the 1990s. 

Perhaps what took Number 
Ten so long was the wording of 
its dismissal, of Mr 
Gorbachov’s proposal for a 
nuclear-free world by the end 
of the century. Mr Gorbachov 
will understand the reason 
why — but it will not be as clear 
to the anti-nuclear lobbies, at 

whom - the original proposal 
was doubtless directed. 

There is no way at present 
that lhe West could accept the 
concept of a non-nuclear bal- 
ance, while the Soviet 
superiority in conventional 
and chemical munitions re- 
mains. The only question is 
whether it might not have been 
wiser to embrace the idea — 
and let the practical difficulties 
emerge in the course of time. 

The first of these difficulties 
is the Russian proviso that the 
White House drops its Strate- 
gic Defence Initiative (SDI) - a 
condition which the Ameri- 
cans would never, at present, 
agree to. 

it is also questionable 
whether Britain was wise in 
echoing the American counter- 
proposal. This called for an 
agreement on conventional 
forces and for discussions on 
regional and bilateral issues as 
well as on the long-standing 
grievance over human rights. 
The Soviet Union is vulner- 
able on all these points. But to 
raise them in this context does 
not strengthen the Western 


So far in 19S6 untidy but 
unstoppable popular revolt 
has cost the jobs of two 
undemocratic American allies. 
And the year is young. There 
are other autocrats with less 
^ than savoury reputations- who 
"are candidates to follow ex- 
Presidents Marcos and Du- 
valier into exile. 

One of the more eligible 
appears to be President Chun 
Doo Hwan of South Korea. 
President Chun makes, no 
pretence of running a demo- 
cratic state. He hasa penchant 
for banning political parties, 
locking up his opponents and 
ordering his soldiers to fire on 
student demonstrators. His 
country is a poor advertise- 
ment for western political 
lvalues. Nonetheless, there are 
strong reasons why the South 
Korean leader is likely to keep 
his presidency for some time 
to come. 

Economically, South Korea 
is nothing like Haiti or. the 
Philippines. It. is more deeply 
in debt than the Philippines of 
the last Marcos years; but its 
economy has not stagnated. 
- Rather It has enjoyed rapid, 

' export-led growth. White the 
Philippines feces repeated 
rescheduling of its debt and 
continued bard bargaining 
with the IMF, South Korea is 
expected to become solvent 
within the’ next decade. 

- Strategically too. South Ko- reflects the will of the people 
rea is in a different league from rather than the will of Chun's 
the Philippines. South Korea oligarchy, 
is more vulnerable. The threat The opposition wants to 
from North Korea is ever- have Chun’s constitution 
present and it is. not dimin- amended to provide for direct 
ished by talk of summits or 1 elections rather than polling 
reunification of divided fom- through an electoral college, 
fries. As the era of Kim D Sung On . Sunday, the leader of 
draws to a close in the North, South Korea's Cathol ics, 
Pyongyang's behaviour is Cardinal Stephen Kim, added 
likely to become less predict- his voice to the calls, 
able more arrive. Neither ^ ^ hostility ^ ^ 

proposal, President Chun has 
afford a reduction m the now agree ^ ^ change the 

American constitution — but only after 

Peninsula if South Korea is to lhe ^direct ei^ons 1988 . 
retain its freedom: Yet an earlier change could 

The very offer the South Korean leader 

can support for the continuM a relatively inexpensive way 
existence of his romtfy m a k es forwari and make Ms already 
Chun Doo Hwan more open to position considerably 

pressure for -internal change sponier 
than ex-President. Marcos ever 

was - until it was too late. Conceding direct elections 
Marcos could, and sometimes in 1988 would disarm the 
did, threaten to turn to Mos- opposition at least temporarily 
cow for assistance. President and so foster stability. It would 

Chun has no such option. 
What he does have, however, 
is another two years in which 
10 show he is serious about 
putting his country on a 
democratic footing. '• 

He feces a determined but 
not folly united opposition 
movement led by Kim Dae 
Jung and Kim Young Sam. 
This has one unimpeachable 
objective: to ensure. ; that the 
result of the 1988 election 

give both the President and his 
opponents time to prepare Tor 
the 1988 elections, and go 
some way towards satisfying 
American concerns. With a 
gentle push from Washington, 
a glance at his country’s eco- 
nomic strength and some 
contemplation of what hap- 
pened to the autocrats who did 
riot mend their ways. Presi- 
dent Chun Doo Hwan might 
even change’ his min'd. 

Need to invest 
in Falkland fish 

From Mr James Provan, MEP 
for Scotland North East (European 
f Democrat (Conservative)) 

> Sir, Your leader of March 10 
draws attention to the presence of 
■ a large number of deep-sea fishing 
vessels operating within 200 miles 
of the Falkland Islands but totally 
underestimates the threat which 
the build-up of fishing by East 
European and oriental vessels 
poses to the local fish stocks and 
Lhe development of onshore facil- 
ities which could provide a major 
boost to local employment 

Over the last three years the 
number of vessels operating in the 
1 waters around the Faiklands has 
increased enormously, as has the 
level of catches. An estimated 
$262 million worth of fish was 
taken from these waters in the first 
nine months of 1985. 

Offshore fishing provides a 
major opportunity for the Faik- 
lands economy and for the better- 
ment of relations with South 
America and with Argentina in 
particular, h is only if the United 
Kingdom, which has been assured 
that financial support would be 
available from the European 
Community, is prepared to invest 
in the islands' fishery resources, 
that the Argentinians will see that 
we do believe in the long term 
future of the Faiklands. 

The Food and Agricultural 
Organisation must be encouraged 
to produce their report as soon as 
possible. Thereafter it will be up to 
the British Government to nego- 
tiate an agreement with the 
contiguous states. If lhe United 
Kingdom does not maintain the 
pressure for a multilateral agree- 
ment there is a danger of some 
countries coming to bilateral 
agreements with Argentina. 

Yours faithfully. 


Walla cetown. 

Bridge of Earn, 


March 10. 

MPs 9 obligations 

From Mr Michael Braitsford 
Sir, I was sad 10 read the news of 
Mr Parris in your newspaper 
(report, March 5). He is. for die 
time being, my representative in 
the House of Commons. By way of 
obtaining this public office Mr 
Parris and his associates in the 
Tory party did make several 
appeals to the sense of responsibil- 
ity and loyalty of the electorate of 
West Derbyshire, when he asked 
for the continued .support pre- 
viously given to his long standing 
(and sitting) predecessor Mr 
James Scott-Hopkins. 

On this basis, along with thou- 
sands of others, I gave him 
support for the present terra; but 
we now learn, by way of the public 
media, that he has decided to set 
West Derbyshire aside in favour 
of other personal opportunities. 

Was it not implicit, both in the 
asking and in the taking, that the 
mutual arrangement betwen Mr 
Parris and the electorate would be 
for the term of the Parliament? Is 
this not therefore a breach of faith 
on his part? Caveat empior? 

Yours truly, 


The Spinney, 

Ashbourne Green, 


March 6 . 

Finding a fake 

From Mr Graham Chainey 
Sir, Nothing is more bewildering 
to the layman than the way 
priceless masterpieces keep turn- 
ing into worthless fakes, and vice 
versa. The Getty Museum's 
Annunciation (Spectrum. March 
5) is only one case out of many. 

Last December a Canaletto, 
previously dismissed as a fake, 
was certified genuine and sold for 
half a million pounds, while its 
twin in the Queen's collection, j 
after having given pleasure to | 
thousands of people, was sum- 1 
manly relegated 10 the status of , 
fake. ! 

Then there is the continuing ( 
squabble over the “Rubens” car- ' 
loons bought by the National 1 
Museum of Wales in 1979 for £1.2 I 

Furthering the role of the MSC 

| Dressed up address 

1 From Mr J. C. Denham 

Sir, Miles Kington (“Moreover, 
March 5”) struck a chord. 

One of the many new dis- 
ciplines drummed into me during 
my National Service was that, to 
ensure prompt arrivals of letters 
from our loved ones and others we 
must include every detail of the 
address, plus army number.Frora 
memory mine was: 

23435769 Pte J.C. Denham. 

2 Platoon. 

A Company. 

Duke of Wellington Regiment, 
Wellington Barracks. 

Wellesley Road. 



How refreshing it was. having 
achieved a more exalted rank and 
left lo serve my Queen and 
country in far distant lands, to 
find that one's loved ones only 
needed three lines; 

2 Lt J.C. Denham. 

1st Bo Lancashire Fusiliers. 

BFPO 53. 

From Mr Robert Elliott 

Sir, It was most encouraging to see 
in your leader yesterday (March 4) 
that you support the new move by 
the Manpower Services Commis- 
sion to “redirect the attention of 
policy-makers, employers and 
parents'* to “what is arguably the 
most important sector of educa- 
tional provision in this country” 
that is, to further education. 

Those of us who toiled and 
suffered for so long under the 
withering contempt of practically 
all the rest of British education, 
and until now, of the MSC itself 
for our aims and methods, for our 
compassion for our non-academic 
students, for our championship of 
the virtues of education -plus- 
training, that is. of craftsmanship 
— in effecL, for our unceasing effort 
to bring the Butler/Ede dream of 
19*44 into reality — cannot fail to 
find some comfort in this new 
shift in the wind, even though it 
blows out of the freezing wastes of 
MSC and market-force philos- 

There are two unassailable prin- 
ciples which are imperative for 
inclusion in any policy the MSC 
may put forward. 

One is that education/trainmg 
must be student-orientated: other- 
wise the students are bound to see 
it as no more than a means to 
exploit them as an employer 
would exploit the use of a ma- 

The other is that students must 
be sure that after their 
educaiion/uaining they will ob- 
tain stretching, honourable 
employment. Otherwise any 
advancement in their 
education/training will merely 
make them even more likely to 
rebel against the waste of their 
talents and potential, and hence 
against private and public author- 

Yours etc. 


1 1 Craigfaulds Avenue, 

Paisley, Renfrewshire. 

From Canon R. S. C. Baily 
Sir, Your leading article on 
education's consumers (March 4) 
is to be greatly welcomed. May 1 
be allowed, as one who for thirty 
years has been engaged in the 

Language tuition 

From Professor Nigel Reeves 
Sir, Mr Robin (March 6 ) has 
identified a significant weakness 
in our training of engineers - an 
indifference to foreign language 
competence which fundamentally 
binders the British ability and 
even desire to collaborate with our 
European neighbours. Instead, 
internationalism has become 
identified with American 
collaboration, as we have seen in 
ample measure recently. 

Happily not all universities 
have been so totally blind to 
introducing their engineering 
undergraduates to the linguistic 
and professional realities of Euro- 
pean industry and technological 

To take one example, the En- 
gineering Employers Federation 
has pump-primed a scheme at the 
University of Surrey whereby 
engineering students with an ade- 
quate school knowledge of French 
and German can receive two 
years' language tuition over and 
above their engineering syllabus, 
attend a month-long language 
course at the end of their first year 

million as “one of the greatest art 
discoveries of the post-war 
period” and now dismissed as 
“the most costly pieces of dirty old 
paper in history” (report, Feb- 
ruary 21 ). 

Surely a work of art's value ties 
in its inherent beauty, not in the 
identity, or attributed identity, of 
the hand that executed iL One 
might feel less cynically towards 
the world of art experts and 
museums if, when some master- 
work was discovered to be “only” 
a copy, those involved insisted 
that despite the technical mistake 
the painting was still worth every 
penny they had paid for it 
Yours faithfully. 


47 St Barnabas Road. 


March 5. 

The letters 
rours faithfully. 
6 New Inn Road, 
March 6 . 

always arrived 

‘The Holocaust 9 

From Mrs Mary Purves 
Sir. I too shared Dr Polonsky's 
feelings (March 6 ) on reading Piers 
Brendon’s review of Martin 
Gilbert's book, claiming that the 
Poles tried to finish Hitler's work 
after the war. 

I worked in the Press office of 
the British Embassy in Warsaw at 
the lime of the Kielce pogrom in 
July. 1946. 

I can see now the anguished face 
of a Jewish journalist who trav- 
elled to our office especially to 
deny certain accounts, to tell us 
that it had been provoked by the 
“dumping” on the already ruined 
economy by Soviet authorities of 
trainloads of Jewish refugees from 
the East, with no local support or 
Polish connections and no pro- 
vision for their welfare. 

We all knew that thousands of 
Polish intellectuals, priests, and 
professors had shared the fate of 
the Jews in the camps. In his 
prison diary the late Cardinal 
Wyszynski wrote that he alone 
had not been rounded up, de- 
ported or killed, of his whole 
seminary year, and we heard of so 
many Jews saved by their Polish 

Yours faithfully. 


Park Lane Cottage West, 

Gardner Road, 

South wold. Suffolk. 

endeavour to implement the 1944 
v Education Act, to comment that if 
j that great Act had been achieved 
. many of our present troubles 

. might have been avoided, 

f It was defeated partly by eco- 
I nomic rireumstanoe but mainly 
. by attitudes of mind. We never 
’ developed that area of education 
• covering the majority of pupils to 
which, perhaps misleadingly, the 
name ” technical” was given, 

| This failure meant that when 
’ comprehensive schools came into 
being they continued to be de- 
>■ ficient in provision for lhe major- 
1 ity, and indeed there is sadly 
ample evidence in many cases of 
: glorying in this inability. 

What is to be done? I have 
> ceased to believe that, given the 
school teaching profession as it is 
at present recruited and con- 
stituted, it will be really possible to 
bring about more than cosmetic 
changes. You rightly point to the 
further education colleges as in- 
stitutions of a different outlook 
but they could not easily handle a 
vast increase in numbers nor are 
they equipped to deal with the 
under 16s. 

Yet one thing must surely be 
clear. The 14-19 period must be 
seen as a unity. The Government 
must face squarely the inability of 
so many teachers to develop what 
is required, not only post- 1 4 but in 
the primary and lower secondary 
area as welL One sees this exem- 
plified in the attitudes of so many 
in education to the MSC. Educa- 
tion deserved MSC, if only as a 
remedy for its own shortcomings. 

Let no one think therefore that 
the changes required will come 
about easily. But the lesson of the 
past is clear. Come they must 
even if Government and people 
have to be as drastic as your own 
proprietors. Urgent studies should 
be undertaken in preparation fora 
new and complete education and 
training Act But let us then ensure 
that it is carried through. 

Yours faithfully, 


Diocesan Director of Education, 
Southwell Diocesan Education 

Dunham House, 


Southwell. Nottinghamshire. 

in France or Germany, and then 
spend six months to one year in an 
approved industrial placement on 
the continent of Europe. 

Graduates of this scheme are 
fully effective in two countries. 
They are not only linguistically 
proficient (for this is only the 
surface achievement) — they have 
an insight into how foreign in- 
dustry works, into its ethos and its 
mechanics. That is the real gain, to 
which foreign language study 
contributes as a useful instrument 
We cannot doubt that collabo- 
rative European projects will 
increasingly be the only way 
forward as technological innova- 
tion becomes more complex and 
thus more expensive. Foreign 
language training and work experi- 
ence abroad are the twin pillars in 
the educational foundation which 
alone can make such collaboration 
both successful and welcome. 

Yours faithfully. 


University of Surrey, 

Department of Linguistic and 
International Studies, 



March 6. 

Satanic drills 

From Mr John Braiby 
Sir, It seems that oil is more 
important than the beauty of 
England's countryside. 

Amoco will be drilling on 
Fairlight. at a beauty spot outside 
Hastings where I live. Huge beast- 
like lorries will run down pretty 
lanes, black ugly nodding donkeys 
will at first perform, and the smell 
of oil will drift on the air over 
Hastings, obliterating the ozone. 

In two wars our soldiers have 
fought and died for the beauty of 
England. It must not be allowed 
that the filth of the bowels of this 
earth be spewed up over its fair 
face and complexion. 

This is a cri de coeur. 

Yours sincerely. 


The Cupola and Tower of the 

Belmont Road. 

Hastings, East Sussex. 


From Mr Alan J. Reynolds 
Sir, Dr Hickman (March 7) asks 
what purpose the dust jacket of a ’ 
hardbound book serves. It pre- 
serves the pristine appearance of 
the binding it conceals. 

The wrapper - or more prop- 
erly its absence — also allows 
dealers in second hand modern 
first editions to say; “Of course, ; 
without the wrapper, it really isn’t 
worth more than ...” or to 
advertise in their catalogues “1st ' 
edn. in wrapper” for twice as - 
much as otherwise they would ask. 1 
In short if Dr Hickman wants to - 
read his books, be should throw 
away the wrapper straight away; if ; 
he wishes to deal in them, he must * 
never dispose of the wrapper. ‘ 
Ironically, the more people who ■ 
(a) read their books, and fb) 1 
discard the wrappers, the more 1 
expensive the unread, wrapped, 
books will be. Catch 22 ( 1 st edn. in * 
wrapper £40). 1 

Yours faithfully, s 


22 Alton Road, J 

Clacton-on-Sea. Essex. ' 

From Mr IF. J. Findlay ' 

Sir. Dr Hickman would be well . 
advised commercially to keep his ! 
jackets on. I recently priced a first 1 

MARCH 12 1938 

“On this Day" February 17 
referred to the abortive Nazi coup 
in Austria in July, 1934. That 
failure did not deter them from 
conspiring against the government 
of Chancellor Kurt von 
Sckuschnigg who. on February 12, 
was compelled at Berchtesgaden to 
agree to Hitler’s terms for 
surrender. On March 12 German 
troops entered Austria and the 
next day Hitler proclaimed its 
union with Germany. 





From Our Own Correspondent 
. . .This afternoon Herr von 
Schusehnigg. the Chancellor, was 
presented with a German ultima- 
tum to postpone the plebiscite be 
announced on Wednesday. When 
this ultimatum was received Ger- 
man troops had already been 
mobilized on the frontier. Herr von 
Schusehnigg 3greed to the post- 
ponement on the condition that 
the Nazis should in future refrain 
from disturbing order in Austria. 
Herr Hitler's reply to this was that 
Herr von Schusehnigg must resign 
the Chancellorship in favour of Dr. 
von Seyss- Inquart, the Home Min- 
ister appointed at Herr Hitler's 
behest after the Berchtesgaden 

Other conditions made by Herr 
Hitler were that two-thirds of the 
seats in the Cabinet should be 
handed over to the Nazis, that the 
National-Socialist Party in Aus- 
tria must be given full and unre- 
stricted liberty, and that the 
Austrian Legionaries (a force of 
some 30,000 Nazis who fled from 
this country at the time of the 
unsuccessful Nazi rising in July, 
1934, and afterwards were drilled 
and regimented in Germany) 
should return to keep order in 



At 6 o'clock an announcement 
on the Austrian wireless stated 
that the plebiscite had been post- 

Soon after half -past 7, the time- 
limit which was put to the ultima- 
tum, Herr von Schusehnigg. 
without any preliminary warning, 
broadcast an address to the nation. 
In a voice firm but charged with 
emotion, be said that the march of 
German troops into Austria had 
been threatened “for this hour” 
unless his Government resigned, 
and unless Herr Mikias, the Presi- 
dent, appointed a new Government 
at the nomination of the German 
Government. . . 

The President had charged him 
to inform the Austrian people that 
they yielded to force. Because they 
would not allow German blood to 
be spilt at any price even in this 
hour, they had ordered their 
troops, in case the German march 
into Austria should be made, to 
withdraw “without sensible 
resistance.” Herr von Schusehnigg 
here corrected himself and said 
“without resistance”. . . 

At 8.15 Dr. von Seyss-Inquart. in 
a voice which he could with 
difficulty control, spoke on the 
wireless and announced that lhe 
German Army was on its way to 
Vienna. He said that he was still in 
office as Minister of the Interior 
and of Security, and felt himself 
responsible for law and order in 

At 10 o'clock the Austrian 
Government had entirely ceased to 
function. The Nazi flag was flying 
over the historic Chancery in the 
Ballhausplatz where Metternich 
spun his tangled webs and where 
the Vienna Congress met. The 
Austrian Government Press De- 
partment was bereft of all officials 
and had been occupied by police 
wearing swastika arm -bands. All 
the police, who three hours before 
were still obeying the orders of the 
last Government, were now wear- 
ing swastika arm-bands or giving 
the Hitler salute. 

At 10.45 p.m. Herr Hess, Herr 
Hitler's deputy, was reported to 
have arrived in Vienna. By 1 1 pan. 
the appearance of large numbers of 
Storm troops. Hitler Youth, and 
Hitler Girl detachments, uni- 
formed and marching well togeth- 
er. had given an air of order to the 

By midnight— barely five hours 
after the time-limit attached to the 
final German demand had expired# 
the massing of troops on the 
frontier, and Herr von 
Schuschnigg’s submission to 
force— Vienna and all Austria had 
already begun to settle down to 
being a National -Socialist city and 
a National-Socialist State. . . 

edition of Dylan Thomas's col- 
lected poems (sans jackeil at £30. 
The bookseller informed me that 
with jacket the price mighl be £60. 

I have a “complete” copy of lhe 
book and offered to sell him the 
jacket for £30 but he declned. Any 

Yours faithfullv. 


40 Uplands Way, N21. 

Keeping out the cold 

From MrJ . H. G. Foley 
Sir. Mrs Sakiyama (March bl 
describes the benefits of the 
Japanese koiaisu. My family has 
been keeping warm for years by 
using a similar under-table heater. 

Our model is less elegant, 
consisting of a biscuit tin with a 
60-wan Tight bulb in a holder 
screwed inside the tin. It is very 
cheap to make and run and, used 
with a blanket over lhe table, 
keeps us warm and the fuel bills 

Yours faithfully. 

J. H. G. FOLEY. 

7a The Drive. 

Wimbledon. SW'20. 

.y . 


" ^ * 






M"* .Pnncess Anne. 

Mra Mat Phillips. President of The Prince and Princess of 

Mrs Michael Wigley was in 

Their Royal Highnesses trav- 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queen’s Flight. 

cutting and Cloth- 
-Otmcu, this mom- 

the British Kni 
ing Export Ci 

visited GB Clothing 
Company. Castkford, West 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by Her 
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for 
West Yorkshire (the Lord 

Ingrow) and the Chairman of 
GB Clothing Company (Mr C 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Patron of the Riding 
for the Disabled Associati on, 
this afternoon visited the 
Siockeld Park Group at 
Stockdd Park, Wetherby, North 
Yorkshire where Her Royal 
Highness was received by Her 
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for 
North Yorkshire (the Marquess 

of Normanby). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by Mrs Mal- 
colm Wallace, travelled in an 
aircraft of the Queen's Flight. 

Her Royal Highness, Senior 
Warden of the Worshipful Com- 
pany of Carmen, this evening 
attended the Livery Banquet at 
the Mansion House, London. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips was received on arrival 
by the Right Hon the Lord 
Mayor (Sir Allan Davis). 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 
March 1 1 :Tbe Prince of Wales, 
on behalf of The Queen, held an 
investiture: at Buckingham Pal- 
ace this morning. 

His Royal Highness. Patron, 
the Purcell School, this after- 
noon visited the school at 
Mount Park Road. Harrow on 
the Hill. Middlesex. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson was in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales, Patron, 
the Joint Services Expedition to 
Brabant Island, Antarctica, this 
evening gave a reception for 
members of the expedition at 
Kensington Palace. 

The Princess of Wales this 
morning opened the St Mary's 
Day Centre, Stream Cose, 
Byfleet, Surrey. 

Viscountess Campden and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard, RN, were in 

March I l:The Duke of Glouces- 
ter this afternoon opened the 
Myer Gruber Unit at North 
Manchester General Hospital 
and. as Patron of ASH (Action 
on Smoking and Health), was 
present at a meeting of.North 
West ASH which was held at the 
Hospital. Later His Royal High- 
ness visited the Victoria Park 
Probation/Comm unity Day 
Centre and the Moss Side Youth 
Training Workshop. Manches- 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
President of the National 
Children's Home, today opened 
the Wirral Family Centre! 
Birkenhead. Liverpool, and 
later visited the Bury Family 
Centre, Greater Manchester. 

Wales will open Heathrow 
Airport's terminal 4 and the new 
underground link between 
Hatton Cross and the terminal 
on April 1. In the evening they 
win anend a dinner and dance 
given by the Austrian Ambas- 
sador and Frau Thomas at the 
Austrian Embassy. 

The Prince of Wales will open 
British Aerospace's new space 
engineering building on April 2 
and receive a briefing at Ffltoi, 
Bristol, on the interception of 
Hailey’s Comet by the space- 
craft Giotto. In the evening, as 
Patron of the London Welsh 
Rugby Football Cub. and 
accompanied by the Princess of 
Wales, he will attend the cen- 
tenary dinner at Grosveoor 

The Prince of Wales, Duke of 
Cornwall, will visit the Isles of 
Sally, on April 3 and 4, and will 
inaugurate the mains electricity 
supply for the ofT-islands. 
Princess Anne will attend the 
premiere of the film Ahsolute 
Beginners at the Leicester 
Square Theatre on April 3 in 
celebration of the City of 
Westminster’s 400 years. 

The Princess ofWales, Patron of 
the National Children’s Or- 
chestra, will attend a concert 
given by the orchestra on April 6 
at St David’s Hall, The Hayes, 

Prince Edward, Chairman of the 
Duke of Edinburgh's Award 
Thirtieth Anniversary Tribute, 
will visit South Wales on April 7 
to carry out engagements con- 
nected with the award scheme 
and will attend a dinner given 
by the Lord Mayor of Cardiff at 
the City Haft. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will dine at RAF 
Brize Norton on April 7. 

The Princess ofWales, Patron of 
Birthright, will open the Centre 
for Reproductive Medicine at 
the Jessop Hospital for Women, 
Leavygrave Road. Sheffield, on 
April 8, and later will visit the 
Spinal Injuries Unit at Lodge 
Moor Hospital, Redmires Road, 

Princess Anne will visit HMS 
Amazon at sea on April 8 and, in 
the evening, will attend a perfor- 
mance of My Fair Lady to 
celebrate the reopening of the 
Everyman Theatre, Chelten- 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Victor Pike, formerly 
Bishop of Sherborne and Chap- 
lain General to the Forces, wifi 
be held in Salisbury Cathedral, 
on Saturday, March 22, at noon. 

Sir Antony 'Adand, 56: Dr 
Giovanni Agnelli, 65: Mr R.U. 
Agnew, 52; Mr Edward Albee. 
58; Mr RE Alley, 60; Mr Willie 
Duggan, 36; Mr John Gross, 51; 
Sir James McKay, 74; Mr David 
Mellor. MP. 37; Miss Liza 
Minnelli, 40; the Hon Roland 
Moyle, 58; Mr Patrick Procktor, 
50; Miss Googie Withers, 69. 



Captain CJH.C. Lyncb-Stauntoo 

and Miss MJL Gibbs 

The engagement is announced 

between Charles Lynch -Staun- 

ton. The Light Infantry, younger 
son of Major A.C. Lynch- 
Siaunton, of The Coach House. 

Nunny. Somerset, and Mrs AF. 

Lynch-Siaunton. of Clifden, 
Teign mouth. Devon, and Mar- 
cia, eldest daughter of the Rev 
William and Lady Sarah Gibbs, 
of Guilsborough Vicarage, 

Mr FJL Berlti 
ami Miss J. GBman 
The engagement is announced 
between Frederick, elder son of 
Professor and Mrs R.N. Berki, 
of Hull, and Jennifer, elder 
daughter of Dr and Mrs DJ. 
Gilman, of Macclesfield, Chesh- 

Mr SA. Peyton Jones 
and Miss D.H. Marr 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, eldest son of 
Commander and Mrs LE. 
Peyton Jones, of Marlow, 
Buckinghamshire, and Dorothy, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J.D. 
Marr, of Milngavie. Glasgow. 

Mr MB. Turner 

and Miss MJLA. Weston 

The engagement is announced 

between Mark Bayard, son of 

Mr P. Blunden and Mrs EkA. 

Turner, and Mary, younger 
daughter of Canon and Mrs 
KAA. Weston, of Norwich. 


Mr G.D. Benjamin 

and Mrs TJ. Opoblca 

The marriage took place quietly 

in Paris, on March I, between 

Mr Gerald Benjamin and Mrs 

Teresa Opolska. 

Spraying under way for the Inn Age boat discovered near Holme upon Spalding Moor, 
Humberside, two years ago. The 42ft-kmg boat, hewn from a single oak, is being treated in a 
disused Hnll swimming pool to prevent it breaking op. By the sammer of next year the boat 
will be ready to be moved toadty mnsenm. 


Carrara's Company 

Princess Anne, Senior Warden 
of the Ouraen's Company, was 
a speaker at the annual livery 
dinner held at the Mansion 
House last night. The Lord 
Mayor, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, and Mr 
Michael Spicer, Parliamentary 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Transport, also spoke. Mr O. 
Sunderland. Master, presided, 
assisted by Alderman Sir Chris- 
topher Leaver. 

London House 
Lady French presided at the 
annual dinner of the Law Fac- 
ulty of London House held last 
night at London House. Among 
the guests were: 

LonTKeUh <* VQnRrt. Lora and Lady 
Swhuim. Lord Justice May. Lord 
Justice Bruwne Wlttanson . Mr Justice 
Bingham. Sir Patrick NrtU. QCL Sir 
ZeUnan Cowen. QC_ sir John 
Freeland. Mr Rohm Alexander. QC. 
Chairman of me Bar. and Mr 

Pipeline Industries GoDd 
Mr Robert Evans and Canon 
J.R. Smith were the guests of 
honour at the annual dinner of 
the Pipeline Industries Guild 
held last night at Grosvenor 
House. Mr ECF. Roberts, presi- 
dent, and Mr L.C. Crowhurst, 
chairman, also spoke. 

Women's Advertising Clnb of 

Mr Ken Livingstone was the 
guest speaker at a dinner given 
by the Women's Advertising 
Club of London at the Savoy 
Hotel last night Miss Danielle 
Barr, president, was in the chair. 

British Constructional Steel- 
work Association 
Mr John Patten, Minister of 
Slate for Housing, Urban Affairs 
and Construction, was the prin- 
cipal guest at the fiftieth 
anniversary dinner of the Brit- 
ish Constructional Steelwork 
Association at the Savoy Hotel 
yesterday. The guests were re- 
ceived by Mr G.C. Barrett, 
president, and Dr D. Tondoff, 

Institute of Masters of Wine 
Mrs Sarah Morpbew-Stepben, 
Chairman of the Institute of 
Masters ofWine. presided at the. 
biennial dinner held last night at 
Vintners’ HalL Mr Auberon 
Waugh was the principal 
speaker and among the other 
guests were Senhor Joao Hall 
Themido, the Portuguese 
Ambassador, Mr A.L. Davies, 
Master of the Vintners' Com- 
pany, and Brigadier G. Read, 
Clerk to the Vintners* Com- 

Zoological Society 
of London 

The Zoological Society of Lon- 
don has made the following 
awards for contributions to 
zoology in 1985: 

SrtenUflc medal: Or JP. Brodies. 
MRC ceil BMMwria Unit. King's 
College,, London: Dr R.C. Tinsley. 
Oueen Mary College: Frtnk medal for 
British zoologists: Professor 
J DSrayOi. London School of Hygiene 
* Tropical Medicine: Thomas Henry 
Huxley award: Dr N.P.D. Upton. Cam 
bridge University 

Stamford Raffles award: Dr 
A.F.MIUIdge: Silver medal: Dr 
1_ Harrison Matthews Prince Philip 
Tf? Simon PratL The College, 
i ten ham: commendation: Ann 
E Schofield. Hills Road Sixth Form 
College. Cambridge. 



The relief you V^gr^Jbeen waiting for 



■ sagging bed 
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3ebr»r- - 



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tell ns that standard beds may not be 
right for every human body. If duty 
provide excellent support for someone 
of heavy build they’re most unlikely to 
suit anyone lighter. And vice versa. 
Either way, at least one partner may 
well exp eri e nce aches and pains. 

What’s the answer? 

A bed from the Orthopaedic Bedding Advisory 
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of springing to soil the needs of each partner exact]-, m 
ease tfyn gently into the right posttiom to keep" the 
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We are die experts 

AH oar beds are made by craftsmen and are in 
appearance just like top quality ’standard' beds — bur 
onlv in appearance. And we do not charge the earth — 
in fact no more than a good quality single or double 
■standard' bed. Because our beds come straight from 
our factory w» are able to cut our the middle men's 
profit and keep anr prices da w n. 

If you have a back problem, if your partner is heavier 
than ran or if you suffer from back pain — contact 
O BAS How. 

To find OB mere with BO obligation. 
Post today (no stamp reonirad) to OBAS, 

OBAS Hone. London. E3 4BR. 

banes, t endo ns, nave endings and joints. j 

To OlMS: II 

Who are OBAS? 

We are die Orthopaedic Bedding Advisory Service. 
Our surgical orthopaedic technician and our profes- 
sionally qualified consultants have been responsible 
for the design of thousands of OBAS (single and 
double) beds tp specifications dictated by weight, 
shape and medical history of each of our customers. 
This has included doctors’ diagnosis, where known. 


1 in 

die bob. I oodesoBd tkaca no 




Dutch craft works 
show full range 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Two private collections of Dotcfe 
art nonveaa and decs soU by 
Sotheby's In Amst er d am on 
Monday provided an almost 
comprehensive exhibition of 
Dutch craftsmanship in the late 
nkaeteenth and early twentieth 

Nearly every Dutch nasemn 
was represented at the sale. 
More than 50 Ms were sold to 
unseams, including the Corning 
Museum of Glass from the 
United States. The sale totalled 
£193,637 with 8 per cent left 

The Amsterdam Hutorisch 
Mnsenm paid the top price in 
the sale at 36JJ00 guilders 
(unpublished estimate 15,006- 
18,000 gadders ), or £9,865, for a 
mahogany and rosewood stand 
made to bold portfolios of prints. 

It is designed by Tbeodoor 
Nienwenhms with elaborate 
openwork panels of flowers and 
foliage. It dates from around 
(908 and is an example of the 
most expensive modern far- 
nitxre of the time, which nsed 
rich woods and inlays. 
Nkeowrahuis acknowledged a 
debt to William Morris in 
Britem. Sotheby's had not dared 
to publish its estimate on the 
piece. Ceding that its value 
might pat bidders off. In the 
event the balding left it for 

The Generate Mnsenm in 
The Hagae spent 13,225 gnildera 
Cupabtished estimate 6,000- 
8,000) on a pair of very plain 
muhftpany chairs made by 
Johan Thorn Prikker for “Arts 
and Crafts” fat the Hagae , the 
firm he directed from 1896 to 
1900. Prikker and Ms linn were 
much influenced by the great 
Belgian architect and designer. 

van de Velde; the chairs are 
interestingly Dutch in rfwtw i w 
bat with foreign mflnence. 

The Rfiksmnseam in Amster- 
dam concentrated particriarfy 
on stndlo pottery, buying six 
lots, indorag a dish with 
geometric bine and brown 
decoration by CJ.van der Hoef, 
of around t9#3, at 11,040 guilders 
(estimate 2^0-3,000 gShkra), 
or £2^60. 

Phillips' sale of fine Victorian 
pktmes in London ye ste rd a y 
scored a few big prices far 
obviously decorative pictures but 
it was an npMU straggle to sell 
lesser paintings. Tnrn-of-tbe- 
centmy sporting seen 
notably pointer, with a 
scene dated 1898 by Frank 
Freyborg and Ernest Pile 
Bocknall at £8JJ00( estimate 
£4,000-16,000) and a “Portrait 
of the Bay Racehorse Mack- 
intosh with Tom Loates Up on 
Newmarket Heath**, of 190L 
Alfred Grenfell Haigh at 
(estimate £L500-£2,000). The 
sale totalled £123,706 with 23 
percent ansobL 

At Sotheby's in London on 
Monday and Tuesday a three- 
session sale of Tibetan, Nepa- 
lese and Sovth-east Asian art 
also proved a straggle with 25 
per cent left unsold on Monday 
and 30 per cent y esterday. 
Middle-quality carvings, 
bronzes and other art efa cts are 
no longer reaching the high 
price levels of two years ago bat 
their owners are often hopeful 
that they will - with the result 
that Hems are left rasobL The 
top price of the sale was £9,900 
(estimate £HMMM-£1SJMQ) far a 
Din Nepalese copper-gilt figure 
of ’ Padmapani dating from 

Malvern College 

The following entrance scholar- 
ships and exhibitions have been 

Malar scholarships: R EHas (Cathedral 
School Uandatn. BN OchBims <Pack- 

S irouqh KID). JR Kaye (The 

scholarship*: JB Lew In 
■Eirncote Law nA . JJ WE Major 
OOlMonei. DJS Makhoon (Pacfewootf 

tSrffioojw: PE Otoe* (HUbtope). CR 
Hutloo (BeamMacn RarkX M Lew 
rwcvibourne). . FN McCracken 
(HU Monel. RC Oofey CSI AnsotralO. JS 
Temple (Winchester HorntL 
Music sctioiarsMPK E BeontoB-Pnlley 
_ John's College School punbrtdge). 
— Walsh (The Oqym. Oalwad l). . 
MUSIC eKhlWHcm: R tMM_(CJh«ffal 
School. UandafD. BDC Perkins 

(Yariet Halil. 

Art scholarship: PA TTooghtan 

Art mhunthins: K Ooomtws (HaUneidJ. 
FN McOacken CHUMooel- 



The following awards have 
recently been made: 

Sbth-fonn entry: 

SclHtfarahUM: Atmatort Ba ber, im ajc 
iStamlocd HMh School. Stamford). T1 
Oretm. art iCodolpmn and udymer 

Scuooi. London). Rebecca Markes 
iCheUenham lw»?s Cgieg).^^ 

Exhimilom: Josephine 

GiTlM (John Hanson SrtiooL 
Andover). Jonathan Pooock (Mom- 
basa Academy. Kenya). Vk-torta RW- 
tng iCheUenham Ladles 1 College). 
IS-ptus entry; 

Music seholanidMt winam Davtdeoa 
(King's CWtege SchooLCgnibildgel. 
Oliver Good (St OnmeS School. 
Windsor Casne). Rowland Holmes (St 
John's School. MaribaroughL Alex 
Poole (Pyrland HaD. Taunton). 

15-plus academic and art sdhotaf- 
bWb tn May. Closing date April at. 

Queen Mary CoUege 

Queen Mary College, London 
University, has launched an 
appeal in its centenary year to 

finance a further programme of 

expansion within the college. 

Any former members of the 
college who would like to sup- 
port the appeal or obtain further 
information about it are invited 

to contact the Director, 
Development Trust Queen 
Mary College. Mile End Road, 
London. E I 4NS. 

Church news 


The Rev J V 
Mundford Icklc 

Andrews, Rector, 
k and Crturwlck. 

to be Recur. 

of parades. 


diocese of York 

The Rev R w Baths', vicar. East 
Oompun. dtooese of Manch e ster, to 
be vicar. St Matthew. Chaddenon. 
same diocese. 

_The Rev a Be nnett. Rector. UpweO 
OKtetchurch and Wcbmy. dtocese of 
EW. to be nrtest-ln-chargc. com 

_ The Rev l F Black. Rector. BoeOe. 
Comey. WMchani and WMSmcIc. 
diocese of Cattle, to be priest -bv- 
charge. Alkton and Great Otrtoo. same 

Preb K Oolllngs. Pn t a d in) of 
He reford Cathedral. Rector. St Mctio- 
dlocesan director Of 

education and Dostdrdmatkm IraliUng 
and Domestic Chwiato to the mshoo 
of Hereford, diocese of Hereford, lobe 
Rector. SI Nicholas. Harpenden. di- 
ocese of 9 ABjaos, 

The Rev R w Crook, vicar. AH 
Satott. New Sbodon. - dtooese of 
Durham, to be Vicar. unOod f 
of Holy Trinity and Si 
Nonhwtcb. diocese of Chats-, 

Canon a p Davidson. 

Houghton on the Hill and Keyham. 
dioceae of Leicester, to be also Rwal 
Dean or Goscoto 1 Deanery, same 

Olpplegato. dloceee of London, to be 
priest-in-charae. 9 Anselm. BetanonLi 

The Rev M Gray, is be emo 
OMSML Wbyfce. diocese of CMchestw. 

The Roy C Laypock. ovate. Asdey 
Brktae. dtooese of Manchester, to be 
Rector. 9 Matthew w 9 Mary. 
CrummalL same diocese. 

The Rev A B McMuUoo. eonde. 
stmnforih. dtocese of Sheffield, to be 
vicar. Chinch of the Redeemer. 
Shadsworth. and part-time chaplain to 
HomUaL dtocese of 

_The Rev DrlCJ NageL enrate, 
Ctuswicjc 9 Nicholas w 9 Mary 
Magdalene, dloceee of London, to be 
curate. Horsham, m charge of Holy 
Trinity church. Horatum. diocese of 

,„The Rev j Reader, toam Vtear. 
Klrkin' Lonsdale dioceae of CartHe. 
to bovicar. St Mkhad and Alt Angrts. 
Lydbury North, and prlest-livcharae. 
S Mary, Hopesay. and 9 MtobaeL 
Edjaon. dtocese of Hereford. 

. The Rev J M Roden, prtest-to- 
duage- Appleton Roebuck w.Acaster 
Setoy. diocese of Yotk. to be also York 
Archdeaconry Youth Ofncer. same 

The Rev C E AoWe. vicar. Christ 
Church. Frame, dtocese or Bath and 
Wepvto be also, pert-tons Ch ap la in . 
Victoria Hospital. Frame, same «n- 

_The Rev D A Ross. Rsctor. Eastrop. 
dtooese of Winchesta-. to be Vicar. 
Hove Btshop HansUngton Memorial 
Chinch, dtocese of Chichester. 

..The Rev C S Scott. Warden of the 
Home, .of Heating and Peace at 
Spmnllhomc Han. Learbwn. North 
Yorkshire , to b e prMbdiqi., 9 
MlctueL Bretnun. dtocese or fiber- 

. The Rev J E Stem. Army tjbaplafn. 

to be pnost-in-cha 

PoUngk dtooese of 


Suave Hollywood leading man 

Ray Mffland, the film actor, 
died tn hospital in Torrance, 
California, on March 10. He 
was 78 and had been suffering 
foam cancer. He appeared in 
some 120 pictures and won an 
Oscar for his portrayal of the 
tormented alcoholic in The 
Lost Weekend. 

He first made his name in 
the 1930s as a suave and 
polished leading man of come- 
dy and light drama and this 
remainedhis forte, with occa- 
sional excursions into more 
challenging material. During 
the 19605 he turned with some 
success to low budget horror 
films and later played Ryan 
O’Neal's father in the enor- 
mously successful Love Stdry. 

He was born Reginald 
Tru sco tt- Jones in Neath, 
South Wales, on January 3 

Ray MUbnd in The Lost 

appearing as Bulldog Drum- 
mond in Bulldog r Drummond 

1908, the son a steel mill Escapes and making occasion- 
superintendent He was edu- al excursions into costume 
cated at King s College, Loo- drama in such films as Beau 
don, and served in the. Gesie. 

Household Cavalry before try- 
ing his hand in showbusiness 
as a chorus boy and dancer. 

After a few years of no great 
distinction on the London 
stage, be went to America in 
1931, and was spotted by an 
MGM talent scout His first 
two films were therefore made 
in Hollywood, Payment De- 
ferred and This is the Life, 
Wore he returned to this 
country for Orders is Orders 

However his English accent 
and smart way with a witty 
line had already tnmfr* him in 
steady demand in Hollywood, 
where he settled and where 
most of his subsequent films 
were made. 

During the 1930s he played 
mainly in light comedies and 
musicals such as We're Not 
Dressing, Three Smart Girls 
and Easy Living, as well as 

In 1939 he came to Britain 
to make French Without 
Tears, form the hit stage 
comedy by Terence Rattigan. 

During the Second World 
War he continued to appear in 
comedies, interspersed with 
dramas and musicals. Among 
his more notable pictures 
during this period were Cecil 
B. de Mine's adventure spec- 
tacle, Reap the Wild Wind, 
The Major and the Mirror , a 
sophisticated comedy with 
Ginger Rogers; and The Min- 
istry of Fear. directed from the 
Graham Greene novel by 
Fritz Lang. 

The Major and the Minor 
had been directed by Billy 
Wilder, who decided to cast 
Miiland, completely against 
type, in The Lost Weekend. 
His performance as the alco- 
holic hero, both harrowing 
and sympathetic, was an unex- 

pected triumph and remained 
his finest screen work. After it 
the rest of his career was 
something of an anti-climax, 
though he continued wilhia 
his limited range to enliven a 
wide variety of pictures. 

In the late 1940s and early 
1950s he appeared in a period *. 
drama, Kitty, an excellent i 
thriller, The’ Big Clock, with i 
Charles Laughton; Something X 
to Live For. an another study ^ 
in alcoholism; and a curious 
experiment in hear wordless 
film making; The Thief 

But easily the most success- 
ful of his 1950s roles was as 
the husband who plots the 
death of his wife played by 
Grace Kelly in Dial M For 
Murder, which was directed 
by Alfred Hitchcock and drew 
from MiUand a performance 
that combined his usual 
charm with an undercurrent 

In 1955 Miiland turned 
director for the first time with 
A Man Alone, a Western, and 
he went on to direct several 
more pictures, of which the^. 
most notable was the science- 
fiction horror story. Panic in 
Year Zero. By this time (1963) 
he was becoming a horror 
specialist, appearing in The 
Premature Burial and The 
Man with X-Ray Eyes. 

In Love Story (1970) he 
startled some of his followers 
by appearing almost com- 
pletely bald - and disclosed 
that he had been wearing a 
toupee on screen for the 
previous 20 years. During the 
1970s, amid much work for 
television, he played support- 
ing parts in Aces High and The 
Last Tycoon and repeated his 
earlier role in a sequel to Love 
Story called Oliver ‘s Story. * 

He is survived by his wife, 
whom be married in 1932. 
They had a son and a daugh- 


Air Vice-Marshal R. N. 
Bateson, CB, DSO. DFC, who 
led the celebrated wartime 
Mosquito raids on the Gesta- 
po headquarters at The 
Hague, Copenhagen and 
Odense, died on March 6 at 
the age of 73. 

The Hague raid, was one of 
the war's great precision at- 
tacks and resulted in the total 
destruction . of the building 
housing the Gestapo HQ and 
along with it, documents valu- 
able to the Germans but 
highly incriminating of the 
Dutch underground move- 

Robert Norman Bateson 
was bora on June 10, 1912, 
and educated at Watford 
Grammar SchooL He joined 
the RAF in 1936 and was in 
the Middle Last ax the out- 
break of war. He served with 
Blenheim squadrons there and 
was awarded the DFC for his 
brilliant leadership, in 1940. 

After a spell on air staff 
duties in Egypt he then tot* 
command of 211 Squadron, 
also flying Blenheims. This 
was destined for Singapore but 

when the island fell to the 
Japanese ft operated out of 
Sumatra ineearf until this, 
loo, was overrun. Baieseon 
escaped via Australia and took 
over 1 1 Squadron in Ceylon. 

In 1943 he was given com- 
mand of 613 Squadron and 
with its Mosquitoes embarked 
on a series of precision raids 
which were part of the Second 
Tactical Air Force’s offensive 
against German targets in still- 
occupied territory. 

The most famous - and 
effective - of these was un- 
doubtedly the bombing of the 
Gestapo's Hague HQ on April 
II j 1944. The operational 
requirement was for the de- 
struction of a single house, 
without harming surrounding 
dwellings, an objective which 
was virtually achieved by the 
first bombing ran, that of 
Bateson Mosquito, which led 
the six aircraft deployed in the 

Attacking from below the 
height of the five storey build- 
ing, at about 50 feet, Bateson's 
Mosquito put two bombs 
“bang through the front door’* 


The Rev Evan Gwyndaf 
Evans, known throughout 
Wales by his bardic name of 
Gwyndaf and one of the most 
influential figures in the Royal 
National Eisteddfod ofWales 
died orr March 10 at Llandud- 
no, aged 73. 

A tanner’s son, be was bora 
in Llanfacfareth, Merioneth, 
and was educated at the 
University College of Wales, 
Aberystwyth, and the Presby- 
terian College, Carmarthen. In 
1938 he boame minister of 
Tabernacle Congregational 
Church, Llanelli, and after 20 
years was appointed Head of 
Religious Studies at Brynrefail 
High School near Caernarfon. 

As a young man he became 
prominent in the Welsh art of 
penillion ringing (with the 
harp) in which he matured as 
one of the Ieadhte exponents 
and an acknowledged expert 

In 1935 at 22 years of age he 
had become the youngest 
person ever to gain the Chair 
at the National Eisteddfod, 
held that year in Caernarfon, 
being the first to win with a 
poem of vers fibre in 
Cynghanedd (the strict Welsh 
metre), with the renowned 

Some 30 years later he was 

ited Archdruid of the 
of Bards of the 
National Eisteddfod for the 
usual period of three years and 
became one of the best known 
archdruids of tins century. In 
1970 he succeeded the emi- 
nent Cynan (Sir Albert Evans- 
Jones) as Recorder of the 
Gorsedd, a position be held 
for ten years. 

As Archdruid and Recorder 
he made full use of his 
organizing talents for the con- 
siderable benefit of the Na- 
tional Eisteddfod while his 
outspokenness' on all matters 
concerning the Welsh lan- 
guage and Welsh culture be- 
came a by-word in Wales. 

His warm personality and 
firm views will be sorely 
missed as he still had so much 
more to contribute to the 
cultural scene in Wales. 
Gwyndaf leaves a widow and 
five children. 

Howard Greenfield, the 
songwriter who co-wrote the 
Connie Francis hit, "Where 
The Boys Are” and the 1975 
Grammy-award winner 
“Love Will Keep Us 
Together” died in Los Ange- 
les on March 4. 

as he described it at the time; 
two others went through a 
window. The rest of the raid 
followed up with HE and 
incendiaries and by the time 
the fifth and sixth aircraft 
attacked, the building had 
been levelled. Their bombs 
however strode a barracks 
behind the HQ. 

The success of this raid 
earned Bateson a Bar to the 
DSO he had won in the 
previous year. 

A year later Bateson, as CO m. 
of no 140 Wing - . three w 
Mosquito squadrons - led 
attacks on Gestapo HQs in 
Denmark, at Copenhagen and 
Odense, and he flew many 
sorties against V-weapon sites. 

Among his postwar ap- 
pointments were command of 
the Duxfotd fighter station, of 
battle of Britain memory, and 
three years, 1959-61, "as an 
Assistant chief of Aiir Staff. 
From 1961 to 1962 he com- 
manded 12 Group, Fighter 
Command, and he was Senior 
Air Staff Officer, Fighter Com- 
mand from 1963 to 1967. He 
was ADC to the Queen. 1958- 
6°. p 



B.S.S. writes: 

Harry Saigeant, who died 
on February 28. was one of the 
post-war generation of county 
archivists who established the 
network of local record offices 
in England. 

His early training in the 
manuscripts department of 
Birmingham Reference Li- 
brary as well as war service 
with the Royal Corps of 
Signals, instilled in him a 
sense of orderliness which was 
to remain for the rest of his 
professional career. g. 

Following his appointment 
as county archivist of Worces- 
tershire in 1947 - a post he 
held until his retirement in 
1976 - he immediately set 
about safeguarding and hous- 
ing that county's rich collec- 
tion of official and privately 
owned historical manuscripts 
with both efficiency and sensi- 

Sargeanl was an innovator. 
When antiquarian study be- 
gan to influence record offices, 
he was exceptional in his 
interest in technical matters, 
concern for modern records 
management and his aware- g 
ness of the importance of * 
photographic records. 

Science report 

Multiple head for Halley’s Comet predicted 

By a Special Correspondent 

For many years Professor 
Sir Fred Hoyle and Professor 
Chandra Wickramasinghe 
have argued (hat comets are 
not Blade of water-ice bat of 
largely organic matter, with 
particles resets birag bacteria 
and viruses being suspended 
within a mainly frozen organic 
matrix. They have maintained 
fiiat very tittle in the way of 
water-ice can exist near the 
comet's surface, although 
some water-ice would occur m 
the interior. 

In three recent publications 
Professors Hoyle and 
Wickramasinghe, working to- 
gether with Dr Max Wallis, 
When comets come closest to have made several predictions 
the Sim in the coarse of their concerning properties of or- 

A few days ago the Soviet 
spacecraft Vega ! sent back 
close-up photographs of 
Halley's Comet from a dis- 
tance of some 6,000 miles. 
This first view of the heart of a 
comet (the andens as it is 
called) showed that it mea- 
sared some 2 to 2^5 miles 
across, five to ten times small- 
er than most astronomers were 
expecting to find. 

Much larger sizes were 
being inferred on the basis of a 
long entrenched view that 
comets are dfrty snowballs, in 
which inorganic mineral parti- 
cles similar 10 bOSSeboU dust 
embedded in water-ice. 


orbital paths the easily visible 
coma and tails arise largely 
from substances that boil off 
from a surface that had hither- 
to been invisible. 

ganic comets that might be 
observed. One such prediction 
was that Halley's Comet 
should, if it were made of 
organic material, be some two 

miles in diameter, which corre- 
sponds exactly and remark- 
ably with the data obtained 
from Vega 1. 

In a paper (Cardiff Astro- 
physics Preprint, No.121) 
published on March 1 1986 
Hoyle and Wickramasinghe 
seek to explam why there are 
so few short-period comets 
tike Halley’s that are ob- 
served. Short-period comets 
result from the rounding up of 
longer-period comets fry the 
gravitational influence of the 
planets Jiqnter and Saturn, 
and it has been calculated by 
many astronomers that there 
sbonld be a hundred times 
more comets than are actually 

Hoyle and Wickramasingbe 
say that organic comets, 
through evaporation at their 
surfaces, produce tree-like for- 
mations of organic particles. 

Such surfaces have been 
shown to be so extremely non- 

Comets that are actually 
observed like Halley’s Comet 
most have undergone some 
process whereby their dusty 
smfaces are cleaned up period- 
ically so as tt become suffi- 
ciently smooth and reflecting 
to be seen. That can only 
happen, it is argued, if the 
comet's nucleus is m two or 
more pieces. 

Those indtriduai pieces can 
have geutie jostiiag encoearters 
with each other leading to the 
production of dean patches of 
surface that can reflect sun- 
light. The startling prediction 
offered $s that the European 
satellite Giotto which comes to 
within 500 kflometres of the 
comet's nucleus tomorrow 
should reveal this 

Latest wills 

Winifred Marie Verdi Vanstone, 
of Torquay, left estate valued at 
£575,287 net. After personal 
bequests totalling £174.000 and 
some effects she left £5,000 and 
half the residu e each to tbe 
CanrerRCsearch Campaign and 

Mr Hany Faiman, of north-west 
London, left £1069,787 neL 
Mr George Edward Russell 
Sautters, of Dogmersfleld. 
Hampshire, Governor of the 
Blue Nile province of the Sudan, , 
1948-51, fefl £196,000 neL < 

Other estates include ( net, 
before tax paid ): 

Byrom, Mrs Florence Mary, of 

Dymock £308314 

Dent, Mr John, of Appleby, 

farmer £366,351 

FhbWgb, Mr Dudley Denzil, of 

Tomngton £350,700 

Green, Mr Solomon Ronald 
Levy, of north London, solic- 
itor^ ^ £334.402 

Hardwick, Mr Raymond Lloyd, 
of Marbella. Spain, formerly of 
WhiUjy, company director, es- _ 

totem UK £384.141 * 

Heath, Mr John Henry, of 

Chepstow, farmer £308,298 

Dtycock, Mr Anthony Peter, of 
Haroogaie, former company 

chairman £354, 1 85 

»ainh, Frances Mary, of Her- 
eford £548,492 

rqprmn- gy 

Cj» IiSjD J 








^Itoare reviews last night’s television 
ana David Robinson introduces a major new series 
on the British film starting on Thames tonight 

Elusive Cinema at war 

la a compelling edition — 
compelling for rewns- that 
were probably not intended - 
Arena (BBC2) focused on two 
yonBg Glaswegian palmers, 
Stephen Campbell, who now 
lives in America, and Adrian 
Wisniewski. Three years out 
of the same art school and with 

paintings in the Tate and the 
Metropolitan Mnseam in New 
York, they have, according to 
one critic, “made Glasgow a 
byword for British art in 

Arena approached these for- 
mer classmates and their 
present reputations in tndt-' 
TJ tioaally hip form, expecting a 
few hone Glaswegian i wHk . 
andsome links between then 
that did not. exist (which, 
meant that Campbell, with his 
New York setting, emerged 
unfairly with more ernph- 
asisJ-Thongh they were filmed 
together, alternately explain- 
ing slides of tbeir own figura- 
tive, foUderic, indelible paint- 

asked to comment on each 

In fact, fa its attempt to 
extract comment, the pro- 
gramme whiffed of bafflement. 
William . Lieberman got 
through a whole packet of 
rigarmtes in trying to ftt phin 
why he had bought a Campbell 
for the Metropolitan Masenm. 
The analysis of two plastic 
female art-dealers was on the 
level of “it looks pretty good 1 *. 
Which left the artists, be- 
mused, unaffected, cheeky. 
“This is such 7 a great 
painting”, gushed an Ameri- 
can girl. “Isn’t it, yea”, agreed 
Campbell, looking a trifle like 
Billy Connolly. 

His jolty explanations of his 
art seemed at odds not only 
with its tone and content hot 
also the film's producers. “I 
don't have any ideas” he said. 
“Yon don't know how it 
happens.” What, then, was foe 
right word to describe it? 
“Dramatic impact?” be an- 
swered. “I don’t know.” - - 

Havii£ already paid tribute to the 
American cinema in Hollywood and 
The Unknown Chaplin, not to speak 
of the Thames Sflents 
Thames Television’s formidable 
film scholars, Kevin Brownlow and 
David Gifl, were invited to do their 
hit for British films, in British Film 
. Year. Their answer was to invite 
three prominent British directors — 
Lindsay Anderson, Alan Parker and 
Richard Attenborough — «irh to 
inake a film essay on his personal 
view of the' British cinema. 

The formula sounded chancy: in 
the outcome the two films already 
com pleted (Attenborough’s, due for 
transmission in a fortnight, f have 
not yet seen) are .'illuminating in 
their contrasts and complements. 
Each is complete in itself and' 
characteristic of its author. Taken 
together they vividly express the 
schismatic character of the British 
cinema. There is not one British 
cinema, but several, and each feels 
.itself in a stale of war with the rest. 
British EHm Year found — and left 
— a cinema in a debilitating state of 
civil conflict 

Anderson’s cool and methodical 
lecture, entitled Free Cinema, sets 
out to refute David Puttnam's . 
contentions assertion that “Rim for 
good and ill is an American 
medium . . . There has never been 
an indigenous film industry in the 
way that there has been an Italian, 
French or American film indus- 
try _ . There have, insists Ander- 
son, been several native tradftrons; 
and he traces the evolution of one, 
the humanist-realist, tradition, 
which, though currently at the very * 
nadir of fashion, represents one of 
foe most coherent and durable 
schools our cinema has produced. 

Anderson, as a leader of the Ree 
Cinema movement, thirty years, 
ago. correctly identifies tins as 
cnidaL He sees its inspiration in 
Humphrey Jennings (with a magical 
extract from Jennings’s Spare Time 
of 1939 to prove it), and its 
successors in new-wave feature 
films of the Sixties fik a Look Back 
Anger, Saturday Night and 

film goes out tonight, “the late 
suiy Sixties j 

Fifties and foe early Sixties gave us 
foe angry young men with their 
duffel coats and their sandals, but 
somehow it seemed to pass us by in 
Islington . . . They didn't shout 
loud enough for us turnip-heads in 
Islington to hear”. Islington of foe 
Forbes and Fifties, which bred him. 
is the touchstone to which, in this 
film — A Turnip-Head’s Guide to 
foe British Cinema — as in other 
public statements, Parker constant- 
ly returns. It is not a bad foothold on 
reality -for a popular cinema and. 
after all, cinema should be popular. 

Not that Parker is consistent. 
While implicitly rejecting the hu- 
manist realists (“the n piAHip classes 
observing foe working classes”) he 
acknowledges admiration for Ken 
Loach; and his own first success. 
The Evacuees, could easily be seen 
as an offshoot. Now though he 
declares for a cinema of imagery 
and visions the directors be most 
fervently promotes in his film are 

Ken Russell (and The Devils L 


,i Wisznlewski was: no more 
lucid, admitting to a' tfldhg far 

Mateos Rost bottles, Nicholas 
Hilliar d and uMssht under- 
statement. Why they patot 
what they do and why ft has 
foe effect ft -does "remained 
unfathomable. To approach ft 
in the spirit of analysis was to 
destroy it. There- was no better 
instance of this than . the 
absorbing sequence which fol- 
lowed Campbell painting from 
scratch. What began - as a 
“walking chappie” turned into 
“a tobogganer with aspira- 
tions to bring a skier”. When 
the intruding camera was re- 
moved (it had made Mm stow 
v off. be explained tellingly), 
Campbell produced a painting 
that was totally unrecogniz- 
able, entitled A Man Possessed 
by a Demon of the Retina. It 
was unclear whether foe de- 
mon behind foe retina, Alistair 
Scott, truly appreciated bow 
he had helped create a work of 
art — N-S. 

Sunday Morning and his own . This 
Sporting Life. 

He shows that the tradition was 
capable of development beyond 
contemporary social realism. . Tom 
Jones was part of it, and so was 
.Anderson’s own “epic” style in 
..-nod O iMcky-ManLThe 
relevance of these films seems only 
to enlarge in retrospect Britannia 
Hospital, winch Anderson styles 
“the last Free Cinema film", origi- 
nally appeared to commercial deba^ 
de and critical onslaught A year or; 
so on, its climactic final scene, 
which also concludes Anderson’s 
new essay, appeals as a devastating 
metaphor for a divided Britain here 
and now, vindicating his advocacy 
of a cinema that is made out of 
contemporary reality: 

“No art is worth much that 
doesn't aim to change foe world. Of 
course no-artist can Be judged by his 
success or failure to change the 
world, since none of us succeeds. 
We can pnty hope to influence like- 
minded spirits or hearts by telling 
the truth.” 

For Alan Parker, however; whose 

Ridley Scott ( Alien and 
Roland Jofffe (The Killing Fields) 
and Hugh Hudson (whose Chariots 
of Fire and Revolution feature 

The films Parker approve thus 
tend to represent foe big-budget. 
American-dominated commercial 
cinema. The success ethic is a major 
source of friction in foe internecine 
war of the British film. Anderson 
quotes David Puttnam's statement 
that one aim of British Film Year 
was to assure film-makers that 
commercial success is not vulgar, 
that they should not fed embar- 
. jassed to make successful, accessi- 
ble films. 

This is in principle incontrovert- 
ible; and the army of Orears and foe 
commercial success earned by 
Chariots of Fire and Gandhi con- 
tributed largely to a revival of 
British cinema in the Eighties, by 
boosting morale and encouraging 
investment. The danger in this kind 
of success and the success ethic is 
when the pursuit of success be- 
comes an end in so *h«i film- 
makers grow too jealous of it, and 
see it as the only criterion. 

The protagonists giving tbeir 
personal views of the British 
cinema: Alan Parker (above) 
- here playing his own tune in 
the film — declaring, 
inconsistently, for an art of 
imagery and visions; Lindsay 
Anderson (left), coolly and 
methodically pleading for the 
humanist-realist tradition; 
and Richard Attenborough, 
cutting it fine 

When success is the only test. 

there is no time or place for foe 
small film, the private film, foe 
brave fell ore, foe kind of pioneering 
efforts which have always pushed 
art forward, even if they have not 
attracted the crowd. The most 
dispiriting moment in Alan Parker’s 
essay is when David Puttnam. from 
foe peak of success, derides a 
director who has made most of his 
exploratory films on budgets of a 
few thousand pounds: “Happily, the 
Oscar is nothing that Derek Jarman 
will ever have to worry about”. 

It is odd and perhaps flattering 
that Jarman, whom one might have 
thought constituted no threat to foe 
commercial cinema, appears to be 
no less anathema to Parker than he 
is to Mrs Whitehouse. Parker 
mischievously overlays a passage 
from Jarman’s Sebastiane with 
Danny Kaye singing “The King was 
in the altogether”; and when he 
cites, apparently for approval, the 
visual audacity of Ken Russell's The 

Devils, he neglects to mention that 
Jarman designed it 

Parker, who generally works in 
Hollywood, implicitly shares David 
Puttnam’s view of American depen- 
dency: “If I had to rely on British 
support I would be out sweeping 
roads”. He acknowledges no place 
for those native films which are 
made not on American-scale bud- 
gets but at costs that relate to the 
economy of European production. 

In this respect, foe film produc- 
tion programme of Channel 4 has 
been enormously important, both 
in establishing foe viability of 
moderate-budget films and in pro- 
viding a continuity of production 
which has enabled many new 
directors to enter features. This cuts 
no ice with Pirker. He has one of 
the comical turnip-heads who pro- 
vide a chorus to his film, in foe 
character of a cinema usherette, 
declare “I told the manager, if we 
show any more of those Channel 4 
films, we’d better forget the choc- 
ices and serve black coffee to keep 
foe poor buggers awake”. 

Even in foe time since he finished 
his film, history has overtaken him. 

Channel 4's Letter to Brezhnev and 
My Beautiful Laundreite . costing 
less than a million pounds between 
them, have dramatically outclassed 
the box-ofiice performance of Revo- 
lution, which is a case of what 
happens when you put all your eggs 
in one basket and drop foe lot. 

Part of Parker’s distaste for the 
small-budget film arises from antip- 
athy to anything he suspects of 
“intellectual ism”. This is where 
Islington is wielded like a sledge- 
hammer. He detests the British 
Film Institute, for its promotion of 
a school of irrelevant and incompre- 
hensible pseudo-academic criti- 
cism, less reasonably for the work of 
its Production Department He 
discreditably doctors an interview 
given in good faith, in order to 
ridicule the institute's present direc- 
tor. derides the Production Depart- 
ment by quoting a Peter Greenaway 
film out of context; but entirely 
neglects to mention that the direc- 
tors who have owed their first film 
opportunities to the Department 
include Ken Russell. Tony Richard- 
son, Karel Reisz and Bill Douglas. 

A Turnip-Head's Guide to the 

British Cinema is in this respect a 
true .Alan Parker film: a potentially 
marvellous instinct as a film-maker 
is forever undercut by irrational 
prejudices and chips on the shoul- 
der. His film has wonderful mo- 
ments. like the intercutting of 
Chariots of Fire with actuality 
scenes of Britain after the Falklands. 
At other points it runs off the rails 
into settling personal scores. 

His resentments of the BFI must 
be as uninteresting as incomprehen- 
sible to television audiences, and 
there is no pattern to his diatribe 
against film critics. It is predictable 
that the proponents of the success 
ethic should see malevolence in any 
criticism that is less than favour- 
able. Forgetting what their films 
Bugsy Malone and Chariots of Fire 
owed to the critics, Messrs Parker. 
Puttnam and Hudson Jet fly. Parker 
characterizes critics as eunuchs and 
speaks of their “constipated eru- 
dition”. Puttnam will not grace 
them with the name — “reviewers, 
not critics” — and assures us that 
reviewers will never influence his 
work. It all sounds a good deal like 
protesting 100 much. — D.R. 

Theatre in London 

DonaM Cooper 

Blood, Sweat and 


In the banning (1984 to be 
v precise) was Up 'n' Under, the 
Hull Truck Company’s award- 
winning comedy concerning 
foe improbable exploits of a 

pub Rugby League team. Then 

came Bouncers, Shakers and 
Up 7t‘ Under II. Next August 
in Edinburgh they win give 
Cramp, which would appear 
to be about body-building. 
Meanwhile, in between its 
premiere in Hull and its 
projected national tour, here is 
foe London opening of Blood,- 
Sweat and Tears. 

This time around foe play- 
wright and . director John 
v Godber has set his predictable 
7 clutch of sporting amateurs in 
a scruffy judo dub in Hull, 
where a couple of Mufti good- 
humoured but scarcely winy 
black -belts (Steven Brough 
and Michael Callaghan) and 
an uptight W PC green-belt 
(Liza Sadovy) are startled by 
foe irruption, of two frolic- 
tome short-order waitresses 
(Gillian Tompkins and Jane 
Gifford) who have come to 
leant foe noble art of self- 

The former, a sex-mad hoy- 
den who on second thoughts 
would rather encourage than 
repel male advances, quits at 
the first hurdle; foe latter, 
whose character is pretty hard 
to differentiate with any de- 
gree’ of confidence, sticks to 
her tack and in foe space of 
less than a year finds herself 
pitted against the WPC in a 
grudge-match as they both go 
for tbeir Mack belts on the 
ame night 

There kb no prizes for 
guesting whether Miss Clif- 
foul triumphs. Whether Mr 
“ Godber’s play will win any 
. prizes in the coming months is 
s question .foal admits of 
considerably more doubt 1 
never thought the original Up 
Under anything like as 
funny as it was wuddy cracked 
up to be, but it was at least well 
conceived and .resourcefully 

produced, with the plywood 
characterization and sit-corn 
dialogue lending a consistent- 
ly mock-heroic effect 

All these virtues have now 

gone by foe board This piece's 
dialogue is woefully stale, foe 
curtain-lines seem to be in- 
tended seriously, and foe ex- 
positions! addresses to the 
house are an embarrassment, 
while its attempts to dredge up 
contemporary relevance to 
tabloid rape-mania come to 

At one point we witness foe 
WPC delivering a pep-talk to a 
conceptual audience of alar- 
med housewives at the start of 
a self-defence course: this may 
or may not be scrupulously 
accurate, but it is next to 
impossible to discover what 
dramatic function the speech 
is intended to perform. Dra- 
ma, indeed, comes a very poor 
second to tire noisy bouts of 
grappling which punctuate foe 
story. It win be enriousdo see 
whether there are enough judo 
fans in the country to support 
this production. 

Martin Cropper 

Desperate measures for a black belt: lira Sadovy (top) 
and Jane Clifford in Blood, Sweat and Tears 

Matthew, Mark, 
Lake and Charlie 

Latchmere ... 

Half A dozen years ago I w» 
pr ofess ionally associated with 
no fewer than three of foe 
people concerned in mounting 
this production. 1 mention it 
because it is best to be ahead 
of Private Eye in these mai- 
lers. Now for the play. 

Charlie is a secretary, 
Mark’s name is never men- 
tioned, Manbew is on foe 
srage all foe time — as is 
everyone rise — but his role is 
little more than that of listener 
and apnbuder. The leading 
characters are Luke and (sur- 
prisingly) John, and foe es- 
sence of the play is a mutually 
supportive double act involv- 
ing these two, a practised 
scriptwriter and a successful 
film director. 

. They have gathered togeth- 

er in what must be the crow’s- 
nest of a hundred-storey hotel 
looking down mi foe City of 
London. The set (by Andrew 
Feest and Susan Platt) dis- 
guises foe relatively tight con- 
fines of this stage by tacking it 
with a wide window-scape of 
somewhere that looks Kite, a 
smoggy day in L.A Only the 
surprising presence of foe roof 
of St Raul's down there among 
the Lego Mocks tells us we are 
somewhere in foe near future. 

On the other hand, we 
might be on Mount Patinos a 
couple of thousand years ago. 
At least we are in an upper 
room, and Robert Gillespie, 
director as well as author, adds 
to the hints in his title with a 
programme-note concerning 

So, are we to take this play 
as something distinctly other 
than what it seems to be? — 
not just a splendidly observed, 
fraught and lunatic script- 
conference bat a parable of 
bow u market a religion? I 
dare say we are, because 
something pushes foe play 
along to 1 odd course, like an 
underground river coming up 
into view at unexpected points 

hard to relate to surface 


Better to rely on the comic 
writing and performances. 
The mawkish film-scripi of 
love and devotion between 
American male and Japanese 
maid goes through a ludicrous 
sequence of transformation, 
echoing every such tale in the 
history of cinema. Yet it 

r emains cnn vi nring fy original, 

right to foe villain's final exit, 
smothered beneath an ava- 
lanche of rice. 

Peter Dennis’s Luke is a 
writer sparking in all direc- 
tions, self-dramatizing an odd 
mixture of foe honourable and 
the fake; the comic set-pieces 
are excellently done but no 
less so are foe darting glances 
and foe moments of revene. 
Tony Doyle gives the alarm- 
ing hero-villain foe comedy of 
a man who must always be 
taken seriously, even when 
dreaming of death by nee 

• In my nouce last week of 
When We Are Married I 
complimented Richard in- 
stead of Ronald Eyre on the 
direction. My apologies. , 

Jeremy Kingston j 


Handel from the housetops 

Huddersfield CS/ 


Festival Hall 

Not so much a concert, this; 
more the resounding celebra- 

tion of a way of life. The long 

amateur tradition in Britain o 
massed choral singing should 
never be derided This coun- 
try produced great choirs in 
dark Victorian days when we 
were incapable of nurturing 
one good composer, conduc- 
tor or orchestra; and we have 
gone on producing them. The 
Huddersfield Choral Society, 
150 years old this season, has 
the grandest history of them 
alL Thank goodness this anni- 
versary performance of Messi- 
ah found the present gener- 
ation in top form. • 

They are usually revered for 
the power and warmth of their 
forte singing, but what particu- 
larly impressed here was the 
cohesion and clarity foe 200- 
odd voices maintained in 
fester passageworic a tribute 
lo Brian Kay's diligent work as 
chorus-master. These singers 
do know Messiah fairly well, 
of course, but they tore 

ent century from everyone 
else’s (namely, the eighteenth 
century). Sarah Walker step- 
ped right into the classic 
British contralto tradition for 
“He was despised”: firm and 
incisive with a hint of mother- 
ly concern. But Maldwyo 
Davies sang foe tenor arias in 
pale style, and Benjamin 
Luxon’s pedigree only inter- 
mittently shone through the 

This choral society, the 
Royal Philharmonic Orches- 
tra, Owain Arwel Hughes: 
these are not names in the 
forefront of the baroque au- 
thenticity movement, and this 
was not foe occasion to com- 
plain about discrepancies in 
foe double-dotting depart- 
ment Nor is there much point 
in serious discussion of 
Hughes’s choice of tempi for 
the choruses. However. I did 
momentarily wonder why 
these Yorkshire folk (generally 
considered thrifty people) 
hired all those flutes, clarinets 
and trombones lo play notes 
which Handel never wrote. 

against darting fragments of 

Richard Morrison 


celesta, clarinet, flute and 
oboe, were in sharp contrast to 
the lush lullaby and quasi- 
Mahierian expansion of the 
last two. How much keener his 
ear and sharper his aural 
images when focused by the 
discipline of form in minia- 

The year 1 94 5 saw Rodrigo 
again in more expansive 
mood. For foe Concierto de 
estio, receiving its London 
premiere, Rayra -tid Calcraft 
and the Boo nemouth 
Sinfonietia were -oined by 
Rodrigo's son-in-L * the vio- 
linist Agustin Leon .ra. Much 
leisurely note-spiru. g char- 
acterized foe central ' ciiiano, 
as each variation sire -uously 
moved up a notch in p-. hand 
in tensity. On either sid-. came 
a shrill, spiky mofo peeper of 
a Preludio, rattling the skele- 
tons of Vivaldi and Stravin- 
sky. and a vulgar, rollicLmg 
Rondino, in which violin and 
piccolo seemed set on ol -- 
whooping each other in i 
charivari of orchestral and 
harmonic variation. 

through “He trusted in God* 
“Let us break their bonds 

and _ 

asunder” as if relishing this 
demonic pair of fugues for foe 
first lime. 

The choir’s current glory 
must be its lenors. tackling the 
rising dotted rhythms of “For 
unto us" with rampant preci- 
sion and soaring gloriously to 
foe lop G al foe end of 
“Surely** (which, surely, is foe 
best note Handel ever wrote 
for tenors), if foe choir has a 
weak section, it is the occa- 
sionally rather wh«spery alios. 

Of the soloists. Felicity Lou 
— positively soubreitish in 
“Rejoice greatly" — phrased 
everything beautifully, one 
momentary' arithmetical lapse 
in “1 know that my Redeemer 
liveth” apart, and her orna- 
ments harked back to a foffer- 

Rodrigo Festival 

Elizabeth Hall 

Monday's third Rodngo Festi- 
val concert was a biographical 
and topographical scrapbook. 
Its pages turned aimlessly and 
effortlessly, showing first, and 
best one of the composer's 
most delightful and surprising 
pieces, foe M us tea para un 
jardtn, an orchestral suite of 
four berceuses with prelude 
and posliude, heard for the 
first lime m this country. 

Their ccm positions 
spanned some 34 years of 
Rcdngo’s life, and revealed 
much in doing so. The almost 
minimalist baikus of foe pre- 
lude and first berceuse, which 
pitted symmetrical repetition 
and sustained string chords 

Two choral works nicely 
balanced the programme. The 
Canticas nupciales was writ- 
ten for the marriage ofAra and 
his wife. Cecilia Rodrigo, in 
1 963 and had to wait 20 years 
for a further performance. 
Essentially private, occasional 
music, its elementary and 
unpretentious contrapuntal 
exercises, settings of Psalm 
and Apocrypha for voices and 
organ, were given somewhat 
creaky performances by 16 
women of foe Renaissance 
Choir and Derek Fry. The 
choir's equally leaden presen- 
tation of foe more seductively 
archaic Musica para un cJicc 
Sa/mantino , an ode to Sala- 
manca, was lifted on to a 
properly hieratic plane b> 
some fine horn-play in ^ 3nd 
foe resonant bass cf Noel 

Hilary Finch 

Theatre in 

Mr SSoaoe 
Citizens’, Glasgow 

If there is one theme that has 
kept reappearing in recent 
productions at foe Citizens' it 
has been foe destructive futili- 
ty of possessive, misdirected 
passion. It seems fitting then 
that they should finish the 
season with this finely-con- 
trolled. understated produc- 
tion that 3 Mows what is really 
unpleasant in Joe Orion's 
vision to emerge unimpeded 
by what has ceased superfi- 
cially, to be shocking. 

There is a sly timeliness to it 
too — with flying ducks and 
Sixties nostalgia in fashion. 
Orton's satire touches on a 
transient new target. From 
Kenny Miller's studiously 
bad-tasle, cluttered Sixties set 
upwards. Giles HavergaJ's 
production is self-consciously 
dated, playing shrewedly on 
the layers of irony this adds to 
those already in Orion's origi- 

Nowhere is this so well 
achieved as in Kaih. The 
middie-aged landlady “adop- 
ting” her baby-laced lodger 
Mr Sloane into her sexual 
fantasies is played by Fidelis 
Morgan as an almost Edna 
Everage-esque parody of a 
parody. Glisten mg with soft, 
repellent niceness. she be- 
comes preposterous as a char- 
acter though every sentence is 
credible. It is a performance 
playing into the uncompro- 
mising cruelty of Orton's com- 
edy, gradually developing the 
nature of her ridiculousness as 
foe gulf between the niceness 
of her manners and the de- 
pravity of her behaviour be- 
comes more grotesque. 

She is matched move for 
move by Robin Sneller’s Mr 
Sloane, who slides chameleon- 
like across the twists of the 
plot, calculating profit. For foe 
whole of foe first act he plays 
dumb, then suddenly switches 
from prey to predator (where 
he is perhaps not unpleasant 
enough) as foe production in 
general changes tack and the 
power of sexual blackmail 
appears to be his. 

The wav has been set out to 
a nicety for Orton's manipula- 
tion of morality. Sloane's 
vicious murder of Kemp (Har- 
ry Gibson) looks almost mod 
besides Kalb's persistent, cal- 
lous invality and Ed's resilient 
prejudices - Ed played by 
Patrick Hannaway with the 
hysterical self-righteousness of 
sexual frustrations. The audi- 
ence is caught laughing with- 
out pity at these morally 
impoverished cnaraciens. 

The precision of Orton's 
plot and his economic control 
of brutally comic dialogue 
ccme across with great clarity 
in this smooth, ughtly-inle- 
grated production. Playing on 
foe limits of Orton's social 
satire of his time does nothing 
to lessen foe cleverness of his 


Sarah Hemming 

9 The three operas to be 
performed ai this year's Wex- 
ford Festival, from October 22 
to November 2. are Humper- 
dinck's Konigskinder, Ross- 
ini's Tancredt and Thomas's 
Mignon. The festival's at- 
tempt to raise £ 1 20.000 due to 
the suspension of the Irish 
Arts Council's grant has been 
helped by £50,000 from Dr 
Tony O'Reilly, chairman of 
foe Ireland Fund, and pledges 
off 1 5.000 from the townspeo- 
ple of Wexford, which have 
given the festival council ihe 
courage to go ahead with ;ne 
1966 programme. Eut the 
Irish Arts Council action has 
caused shock and anger in 
both Ireland and Britain. 




presents ■ 

ul Wa'iet Reynolds 

Ar ? 30 ; 

TiCxP.SI.iQH _ 

r '- piRSfCAIJ. 
01 240 7200 

24 HOURS i’ D3YS II. 1 P 04 

■ fit 
i If 













ino 1 


















i - 









.. _r _ -.v- •- , . >'i 

- ■ ' . 7 . r. . * . . w** 



In the last four years Guinness has been 
transformed both in the UK and internationally. 

We sell nearly 40 per cent of all the beer 
exported from the UK to overseas markets. 

We have successfully launched new products 
both at home and abroad. 

Alongside our core drinks business we have 
expanded in retailing and health care, both 
growth sectors linked by strong brand names 
with good consumer franchises. 

All this has resulted in our Company 
growing in value from £90 million to over £900 
million in the past four years. 

During that period our shareholders have 
reaped the benefit. 

Our earnings per share have increased by 169 
per cent and our share price has shown an almost 
six-fold increase. 

Proof indeed that Guinness should be good 
for Distillers. 


Guinness and Distillers. More than just a merger: 

This advertisement is published bv Morgan Grenfell &. Co Limited and The British Linen Bank on behalf of Guinness PLC. The Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information To the best of their knowledge and r : > ~ 

belief l having taken all rtr.won.ible are to ensure that such is the case I the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the fee*. The Directors of Guinness PLC accept ttsfwnsibitoY^ SOURCE Guinness Annual Report and AceourK5®g5 ".Vi . 


• . \A> 

WmMi <*>• 

FT 30 Share 

1326.8 {+21 .2) 


1597.1 (+24.9) 

116.98 (+0.62) 



1.4590 (+0.0160) 

W German marie 

33024 (+0.0145) 

Trade- weighted 

74.4 (+0.7) 


1 1 » f «r: i f«y77T*n 

■ f> i i. »r:liT« lEyS l‘JT7hl?r 

roanzea vicKers on course 
for more than £15m profit 

^ Tte pewtypch^iraed Videos 
Shipbuildin g an d En pflBBrini ' 
ctoiKHiy (VSEL), the shares of 
which are now on to 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

for the year to the end of March. 

The figure was revealed in the 
share prospectus issued yester- 
day Ojf the WBmsqy-irirait4wi 
consortium which beat Trafalgar 
House for die ownership of the 
combined Vifto y an d 

yidsos, the Barrow yard 

£21.4 nuQkm for Cammefl 
Laird, according to the prospec- 

The VSEL management 
consor tiu m's bid of £60 rmffion 
now and up to £40 million later 
is estimated to be op to £20 
miBion lower than die offer from 

Trafalgar House, but the worker 
and local resident involvement 
and difficulties with Txatafear 
House over Trideni pro- 
grammes, assurances persnaded 
the Government to reject die 

Birkenhead workers should re- 
ceive their copies by post today. 
4 total of &9310OO of the 35 
million £1 ordinary shares in 
VSEL are mi offer, and residents 
of 4 be two towns win be able to 
obtain their comes of the pro- 
spectus at banks and building 
society offices. 

An applications must be re- 
ceived by March 24, and VSEL 
said it planned to pay British 
Shipbuilders on Match 27. Dr 
Rodney Leach, the £55,000*- 

Siar Insurance and Prudential 

Dr Leach said yesterday; “I 
think this is a unique opportuni- 
ty for the whole community to 
buy shares in its major employer 
and will set an example for 
future privatizations by this 
Government". A Stock Ex- 
change listing of the company is 
to be sought in July or ApgusL 

The prospectus says the share 
offer is “the first local communi- 
ty preferential share offering ever 

P * ' r ilr 

i*; • 1 1 i i 7 

£603 million. 35. per cent up 
cm 1984/ Disclosed earnrags 
per dare weire 6&69p com- 
pared with S4.09pin 1984. A' 
final dividend of 12 p per share 
is proposed, giving a total for 
the year of 18p (!9&414p). ;. 

Terapas, page 23 

Food profits 

Hillsdbwn Holdings, die 
food group, yesterday report 

[ “-? I i f r if XX ft 

n \\y- .H-Wi 

day rejected . to ..Imperial 
Group telfmgTts shareholders 
that ns advertising lad been 
approved by the paneLIjt said 
it did not “approve” adver- 
tisements, but - .merely re- 
viewed them for compliance 
with the code: 

Wace expands 

Wace Group is to buy Bulls 
Friesonfrom its two executive 
directors, Mr P Mathreson 
and Mr F Tenbos. In the year 
to May 31, -1985. it bad a 
turnover of £789,000 and a 
pretax profit of about £3SJXK)- 

Ward’s move 

Ward White is to merge its 
footwear operating group and 
its safety products side , in 
Britain from April 1. 

Jebsen warning 

Mr A Jebsen, the chairman 
of Jebsens Drifting, says in his 
annual statement that as the 
foil in crude oil prices is likely 
to cause a reduction in drilling 
activity, the company expects 
demand for drilling units in 
1986 to continue to be slug-' 

giyh. ■ •• 

Philips offer 

•“ By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 
. The February money supply 
figures, published yesterday*, 
gave conflicting signals. Ster- 
Hng M3 rose by 1 percent, the 
Bank of England safd, while 
narrow money, MO^ fell by V!; 
to % percent. 

However, the figures; which 
were in tiie middle of the range 
of CSfy e x pectations, wffl not 
stand in the way of a move to 
lower base rates in the next 
few days. 

Sterling M3, to be reinstated 
as a largetaggregate in next 
week’s Budget, rose by 1 -per 
cent in, the five weds to 
February 19,. the February 
banking month, : compared 
with a OLI per cent rise in- 
hanking January. 

Bank lending rose by £1.5 
baflion, in line with the aver- 
age monthly rise over -the 
preceding rix months. It is 
raarded by Bank of.Engand 
officials as re pre s e n tative of 
underlying trend. 

. Lending by the clearing 
hades, not seasonally adjust- 
ed;;_ftB during the ninth, 
indicating ^ the bulk of 
Jading was by, the non- 
cfea ring b anks, a reversal of 
the siluation in January* . _ 

mdreihan offset by defer sales 

of £600 million- Other coun- 
terparts were contractionary 
by £ 100 . minimi, giving a 
stating M3 increase of £13 
bflfibn.-:- - 
In the 12 months to Febru- 
... ary.sterling M3 rose by 14.75 
per cent, ^compared with 14 
per cent in January, and the 
target range, . suspended last 
October, of 5-9 per cent 
- Narrow money, MO, foil by 
Vi to % per cent, and increased 
• by 33 - per cent in the 12 
months to February, against 
43 per cent in January. The 
terget raqge-jhr M0 is 3 to 7 
^percent vW V - ~- 

Althoug&lhe figures were in 
Tine with average market ex- 

pectations, gflt-edged prices 
foil back, mainly because of 
the implication in the figures 
that the February public sector 
borrowing requirement could 
thin out quite high, following 
January's unexpected £4.5 bil- 
lion public sector repayment. . 

Expectations remain for a 
cut in base rates, probably of 1 
per cent, immediately after the 
Budget- Mr Mike Osborne, 
economist at Grieveson 
Grant, said ; “The figures were 
good. Taking the last three 
months together, stating M3, 
has risen by just over: half per 
centa month. A onw point cut 
in base rates can be expected." 

Dixons in I Hawley pays £80m 






agreed offer of 75 Australian 
cents a share for the 25 per 
cent of Philips Australia ft 
does not already own. The 
total cost is AnsSll million 
(£5.4 million). 

Stakes raised 

Argyll Group, which is bid- 
ding £2.3 billion for Distillers, 
has raised hs stake to 13.5 per 
cenL Meanwhile, Hanson 
Trust, which is offering £23 
billion for Impend Group, 
has increased its share to 73 

Issue success 

Electron House’s rights is- 
sue at 207p a share was 
accepted for 97.14 parent of 
the shares offered. The bat- 
ance was sold at 240p each. 




FH Tomkins 
Ransoms Sims 


Dixons, the high street deo- 
trical chain, . yesterday 
quashed rising City specufo- 
lion that it was about to 
launch a 0,000 million phis 
takeover bid for Woofworth - 
linking the rumours with the 
retiring Woofworth chairman 
John Beckett. 

A high placed source in! 
Dixons suggested that the 
source of the rumour was Mr 
who had told some 
stockbrokers that if a bid was 
made for Wootwortb it could 
come from the electrical 

Last night Mr Beckett said 
:**• Oh, really! They flatter 
themselves. I suppose it is 
passible that Dixon's name 
may have come up in a 
conversation from time to 
tune but I certainly haven't 
singled them out." 

Commenting on the sharp 
rise in its share price, Mr 
Beckett suggested that a sharp 
movement was not unusual in 
the period leading up to the 
announcement of its results. 
Wool worth is due to produce 
its year end figures on March 

■ But Mr Beckett said Wool- 
worth had not received any 
bid approaches. 

. By Lawrence Lever 

Mr Michael Ashcroft’s Cope's 
Hawley Group yesterday an- pence on 
nousced terms for an agreed to 350 pe 
£80 million offer .for 57 per 343 pence 
cent of the shares in Cope 
Allman International, the Hawley 
nwHragiwg j engineering and intention 
feint machines company. Allman, 
Hawley has the hading of Montreal- 
the Cope Board for the offer manufocr 
and says that Mr Ashcroft, tiripafion 
who is also chairman of Cope, of the me 
“ has taken no part in the public fie 
consideration of the directors don Stock 
of Cope" Hawley 

Under the toms of the Henlys 
offer, shareholders in Cope 43.4 per c 
can choose between a new intends t 
class of convertible cumula- shares it ; 
five redeemable Hawley prtf- offer to H 
erence shares valued at 360 a loan no 
pence or cadi of 340 pence per ends up < 
Cope share. of Cope. 

Cope's share price rose 67 
pence on the announcement 
to 350 pence, before settling at 
343 pence. 

Hawley Group’s ultimate 
intention is to mage Cope 
Allman, with Henlys, the 
Montreal-fisted garage and car 
manufacturing concern, in an- 
ticipation of a recapitalisation 
of the merged enterprise via a 
public flotation on the Lon- 
don Stock Exchange next year. 

Hanley owns 49 per cent of 
Henlys which in turn has 
43.4 per cent of Cope. Hawley 
intends to transfer the Cope 
shares it acquires through the 
offer to Henlys. in return for 
a loan note, so that the tatter 
ends np owning 100 per cent 
of Cope. 

ycuuudu aim uic 

oil states, who will 
observers, would be left on 

Saudi Arabia and its 
minister Sheik Ahmed Zi 
Yamani have been blamed 
some Opec members for < 
ing the present price 
through over-producing 
maintain its own foreign re 
nues and to support Iraq in 
1 war with Iran. 


Tonks rejects £65m bid 

Newman . Topks Group, the 
Bir mingham metal hardware 
manufacturer yesterday reject- 
ed an increased and final offer 
worth £65.9 milium from 
McKechnie Brothers, the West 
Midlands plastics and non- 
ferrous metals group. 

The board of Newman 
Tanks said the offer was "still 
totally inadequate** and that 
McKedune had recognized the 

need to provide a cash alterna- 
tive in view of the "minimal 
industrial logic of the bid and 
the questionable value of 
McKechnie shares" 

The new terms are 72 
McKechnie shares phis £10 for 
every 100 Newman Tonks 
shares which is worth I48p per 
share with McKechnie, up 3p, 
at 192p. There is also a cash 
alternative worth 134p- 

Rodamco bid 
is extended 

Rodamco Property has ex- 
tended its £179 million bid for 
Haslemere Estates from 
March 10 until April 1. But 
this Dutch company, which is 
part of Robeco, the fund 
manageme nt group, is not 
increasing its offer of 600p 
cash a share. 

However, there is specula- 
tion that it may raise it by the 
second closing date, to nearer 
630p, but the company is 
adamant that it will not go to 

Haslemere’s defence rests 
on hs new net asset value of 
728p a share. — which in- 
cludes, for the first time, 
trading and development 

Fraud costs firms £lbn a year 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

J wadoraton 


(C Gas 
Cow Afenan 
Body Shop 

Commercial fraud is costing 
British companies abort £1 
bffifon a year and recorded 
fared fa gro w in g at the rale of 
5 per cert a year- 
Thia emerged yesterday af- 
ter a call for tougher sanctions 

came in the first detafled study 

of commercial fraud, spon- 
sored by the Home Office, the 
Fhfice Foundation and Arthur 
Young, the int ern a t i ona l ac- 

The stady we carried ort by 
Dr Michael Leri of the depart- 
antrfswM trtwidrt rt 

^ UnjrenatyQB^e , Cardiff, 
who fe a specialist m cxunmol- 
mv snd Mr James Morgan, a 
senior partner at Arthur 
Young and its director of 

345p +2Cp 
34tp +58p 

Abnost 40 per cent of com- 
panies surveyed had reported 

»t least one frond costing more 

than £50,009 and 5 cert 

reported nwreffianlOfrawb. 
Commercial fiand fit 
cost three times as mnehasan 

Yet many frauds remain 
iioy.iiirfif or go anreprat- 

ed. Some seahw exe c u ti ves 
intErriewedadntitted that they 
and other companies' did not 
report some bands becanse of 
embanrassment while pomting 
ort that if everybody had to 
report they themselves would 
be prepared to do so. 

R oads inv ol vin g cheques or 
credit cards form the largest 
single category of commercial 
crime at 238 per cent of 
recorded frauds. The second 
largest category at 19 per cent 
are frauds involving embezzle- 
ment or expenses. 

Other areas frequently sus- 
ceptible to fraudidert activity 
indude easterner accounts and 
the receiving of goods with 
false invoking the commonest 
problem, sometimes used m 
collusion with suppliers. 

There are «1 so insurance 
frauds where psesnoBB me 
secured for non-existent cover 
and investment frauds. 

Nearly a half of those 
surveyed were concerned 
about computer trend but few 
reported actual cases. Only 
two detailed a recent computer 
fraud at theft companies. 

Dr Levi said: "There are a 
few Mg frauds of this kind 
which have never been report- 
ed but there is no dear 
evidence about the Inc i d ence of 
computer fraud. Probably it 
has got a little ort of propor- 
tion: people have rather gone 
overboard about computers. 
But dearly it is potentially a 
problem area." 

Increased use of computers 
in business and the develop- 
ment of the cashless society 
were factors in senior execu- 
tives bettering that the prob- 
lem of fraud was both serious 
and becoming increasingly ha- 
portant, said Mr Morgan- One 
incident reported was iff an 
employee who, on leaving an 
(w piwwtiiM, bad takes a 
computer disc listing custom- 
ers and terms of beriness and 
was only frustrated from get- 
ting the disc contente copied 
when an outside software 
house checked with the com- 
pany involved. 

The police traditionally ac- 
corded a low priority to dealing 
with fraud, the survey pointed 
out, with oaly about 5 per cent 

of CID manpower allocated to 
such investigations. Compa- 
nies wanted tougher po firing 
of fraud. The report added: 
“little confidence was ex- 
pressed in the competence id 
the Department of Trade to 
deal with cases of sasperted 
fraud, companies complaining 
of the department's lack of 
resources and negative 
attitude. " 

But there are now moves to 
strengthen the Department of 
Trade and Industry by 190 
additional staff dealing with 
the problem, ft was pointed 

But the survey found a 
general agreement that pre- 
vention and control of com- 
mercial fraud rested with 
managements rather than 
Government. In reported 
frauds none was detected by 
external auditors but some 
companies felt auditors could 
play a more active role. Two 
thirds of those in the survey 
thought auditors should be 
obliged legally to report any 
tax and neo-tax frauds detect- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Hanson’s handicaps 
in Imperial stakes 

Laird at Birkenhead and yesterday morning, a fleet of any shortfaD will be underwritten buys 500 or more wiD be given a 
m ade a loss of £5L2 minion 12 laries and40 men dist ribu ted by the institutions b«+mg foe further 150 shares free. There arc 
Turnover for this year will be the prospectus to the 12,000 buyout — Lloyds Merchant special loan schemes to assist 
£259.9 anHiofa for Vickers and Barrow employees. The 1300 Bank. Pearl Assurance, Eagle purchase. 

The bidding by Hanson Trust and 
United Biscuits for Imperial Group 
may still have another seven weeks to 
run, but the inevitable tedium of 
repetitive claims and counter claims 
and the diversion of expensive 
management time are outweighed by 
the value of the prize. 

Imperial offers Sir Hector Laing 
the chance of fulfilling his United 
Biscuits* dream: for Lord Hanson 
and Sir Gordon White it offers scope 
on a scale greater than that of any 
other British company for the finan- 
cial management skills in which they 
are acknowledged masters. Should 
Hanson Trust not succeed, its future 
bid targets are more likely to be in the 
United States. 

The first closing date for the 
revised Hanson offer is Friday. Last 
night, with Hanson shares standing at 
319p, its cash and shares offer for 
Imperial was worth 319p. United 
Biscuits’ cash-and-share terms, with 
UB at 230p, were worth a whisper 
more: 327p. At present rates, the 
outcome is unlikely to be determined 
by money alone. 

Hanson Trust is handicapped in 
three ways. The climate of opinion is 
now perceptibly shifting against 
conglomerates as the politicians 
claim to have rediscovered the 
virtues of manufacturing industry. 
Hanson, of course, is in manufac- 
turing, but the common perception is 
that it is less concerned with making 
things than in extracting the maxi- 
mum amount of money from its 
operating subsidiaries. In most other 
industrial countries, no one would 
argue that there was a serious 
distinction between the two: profit- 
able industry is normally successful 

Secondly, there is a feeling that the 
Hanson-White formula of continu- 
ous acquisitions cannot go on 
delivering the goods. Even those who 
acknowledge the outstanding perfor- 
mance of Hanson shares, based on a 
strongly rising curve of earnings, 
confess to incipient doubts about the 

Thirdly, Hanson Trust has so far 
lost the public debate. Although the 
advertising campaign waged by Im- 
perial and UB is often open to serious 
■criticisms, it undoubtedly has had 
some effect, not least on confidence 
within Hanson Trust. The swing 
factor in the bid for Imperial is the 30 
per cent private shareholding. 

Normally, small shareholders tend 
to support their board in closely- 
contested bid situations. The early 
indications are that a higher propor- 
tion than usual are much more 
disposed to rally to the UB-Imperial 
cause than to desert to Hanson. 

Comic confusion 

Unexpected hilarity was caused at the 
critical point yesterday afternoon, 
when the money supply figures for 
banking February were due for 
release. Gearing bank lending, as 
opposed to total bank lending, was 
published, and the market immedi- 
ately warmed to the spectacle of a 

£224 million drop in demand for 
bank credit The futures rushed up by 
20 ticks — and just as rapidly rushed 
down again, when traders realized 
that they had been told substantially 
less than half the story. 

The note of comedy was spectacu- 
larly out of place during a day of 
monotone shades, with the Bank of 
England deftly manoeuvering all its 
markets towards accepting a round of 
base rate cuts. Narrow money fell; 
broad money grew by 1 per cent, 
giving an annualized growth rate over 
the past quarter of just under 7 per 
cent. Three month interbank rates 
dipped below 12 per cent for the first 
time since the New Year. Sterling 
firmed against the dollar, despite 
market expectations that rate cuts are 
on the way. The Government Broker 
pointedly stayed out of the market at 
3.30 and the cash market ended the 
day some V 2 point or more ahead. A 
one point fall in rates to 1 1 ] h per cent, 
no matter whether it is achieved in 
one straight swoop or in two separate 
stages, now looks virtually guar- 
anteed. More important it also looks 
acceptable to the market 

This fact alone must give the 
authorities cause to breathe a sigh of 

A closer look at the numbers 
published yesterday, however, sug- 
gests at the very least that the scope 
for protracted rate cutting is very 
small indeed. The easiest way into the 
numbers, on one count is to assume 
that if rates come down, they might 
well be going up again before too 
long. And where would that leave the 
bull market in gilts? 

The official view seems to be that 
the data in banking February suffered 
from very few distortionary in- 
fluences. Ergo, 1 per cent growth in 
broad money a month, and bank 
lending growth of some £ 1 V 2 billion 
could well be the norm the market 
ought to expect during the spring. In 
other words, the 13 per cent 
annualized growth rate for the past 
half-year could well be a more 
accurate gauge of British broad 
money growth for the time being. 

It is hard to square this growth rate 
with the Chancellor’s reported desire 
to reintroduce monetary targeting 
using £M3 as a dial. It is hard to avoid 
the conclusion that he must either 
bring back £M3 with for higher 
allowable growth bands, say, 10 to 14 
per cent; or that he is prepared to tol- 
erate substantial overshoots in the 
short terra; almost immediately after 
the broad money dial returns; or that 
interest rates will go up. Since all 
three of these eventualities look 
unacceptable, the risk is that the 
Chancellor will be forced to abandon 
£M3 quite shortly after its reintroduc- 
tion, leaving the market yet again 
bereft of compasses in potentially 
hostile territory. 

The confusion surrounding the 
banking February data may well have 
been unintentional. But it serves as a 
proxy for policy confusion which the 
market detects at the heart of current 
monetary strategy. 



Heidelberg printing machines set unique standards. For innovation and 
pace-setting modernity. For quality, dependability and service support. 
Their new Administrative and Sales Headquarters in Brentford had to 
reflect this reputation and make a corporate statement in itself. 

All the functions are integrated under one roof; the showroom, with a 
linked conference facility, overlooked by a balcony servingas the main 
reception area; offices; and behind them, a warehousing, sales and 
servicing complex offering virtually total availability within 24 hours. 

Lesser had ibtal Responsibility for concept, design, building, interior 
design, space planning and decoration, achieving harmony between the 
building, its functions and machinery. 

Heidelberg has now contracted another project to us- their Northern 
Sales and Distribution Headquarters. 

The Lesser philosophy oflbtal Responsibility has evidently left its print 
on Heidelberg. 

lb; Keith Whitter Esq, Sales & Marketing Director, ldb/ 

Lesser Design & Build Ltd. The Causeway, 

Ibddington, Middlesex TWll OHWTelr 01-9778755. 

Please tell me more- in print. Send me your Portfolio of Achievement □ 
I would like you to contact me and arrange a talk □ 






one Telephone 




f ? <? i 

i .js* f ' 

New York (Renter) - Stocks 
ware moderately higher ia d&ll 
trading on Monday. Sereral 
boy programmes lifted the 
shares into plus category. 

A bond market rally lent 
background support. 

The Do« Jones industrial 
average, which gaiaed six 
points to 1.706 at ooe stags in 
the afternoon, dosed at 
1,702.95. op 3.1 1 Jr drifted on 
both sides of Che cnchnaged 

daring the session in a 12- 
point range. 

Advancing shares led de- 
clining issues by a nine-ro- 
seven margin. 
fBM was up Vfi to 149 
The American Stock Ex- 
change prices closed 0.73 
bighiT a! a record of 260.78 in 
moderate trading. 

The Ame\ market vaioe 
index topped Friday's record 
of 260.5. 


Met Mai 

>0 % 

Mb r Mar 

10 J- ' 

Mer Mar 

10 7 

tun's rang* 
March 10 

N York 1 4420-1 4S35 
Montiesi 2 01454 0393 
Amsrtim3 6921-3 7170 
BtuESMs 66 93-6? 36 
Cohgw 12 0746-12 1768 
DutUi i C62S-1 0896 
FranKtuft3 2707 ->12886 
Usccn 21 1 99-216.28 
Maana KI6.4G-20? t>4 
VUanM £23.32-2240 OS 
Cbw 10 3302-1 04040 
Pans 10.0920-101331 
Stkhlm 10 4877-10.5378 
To«yo 259.92-261 $0 
vmnt 2291-23.16 
lunch 17658-2.7968 

Mariraf rates 


March 10 

67 18-67 30 
IS 1561-12 1753 
10860-1 0870 

1 month 

0 OtorMJ ttfcus 


2V2T,o ram 










3 months 
1.57-1 SZprem 
100 ^m- 80 chs 


4 'A -4 

43'* | ExxcnCor? 52'n K'A 

yp* Fed Dp Sts 72 s * 71 S 

M“* Fraacna 25% 2SX 
75 'b Fsi Chicago 31* 31* 

4* 4* F-rt bn Bncp 

i'i 43* Fst Pem C 

42'« 43* Pram 
13* 13* Ford 

26* 2d* Gan Efec 

66% 67 Gan Inst 

75* 74 W j Gan MBs 

45* 45 Gerwsco 

s*i 55 '4 | Often 

11* 11* Gooonch 

£0* 20- Goodyear 

42* 42* GouUlrw 

<&* 49* I Onwe 

42* 42 Gr'nnd 

47* I Harcutas 

55#. 55* IrwersoO 

2S'i 25 s # Wand Sw 

3i 33* w Harm- n/a 

77% 77* im Paper 

65* 64* | ini TelT<H 

M's 28 ‘3 l K Mdfl 

4o*a 4513 I Nrocwr 
SC 49* LTV C 

35 35 ViDCO 

nil n-a Marine I 

33* 33* Masco 

33* 33 

41 40 

46m 47 

40* Mead 

46m 47, Matcfc 150* 150* 

13* 13* MataaMng 97* W* 

23* 23 Mo&n CM 26* 26 v . 

63* 681b Monsanto 57'4 56', 

n/a n,>a Morgan J.P. 75* 74+s 

46* -)S'i MkctoU 41* 4i ti 




77 ■* 



as 1 * 


50 'a 
























3 3*« 



27' ( 














44 J a 

41 'B 



71 S 

44 'a 











55 ’i 








19 'a 









45 V 





S 2ta 



25 !4 







48 y. 






81 ». 




; Phrtp Mrs 
Ptiiflos Pel 
Prc«7 G*nW 

SUnflng bdex compared vrith 1975 mm ondint 73.7 (day's rang* 7316-718). 
Haws supplied by Barclays Bank HOPE* and EzieL 

, Raytheon 

I OCA Corn 

i PCACorp 
j RyntOsMol 
' RocavroUInt 

Bose Rates % 

Onanng Banw 12V, 

Finance House 13 


Royal DuTCh 
Sara Ufa 
SFE Sc 33C 

Scot Paotjr 
Sears Rbefc 
Shell Trans 
Sth Cal Ed 
Sporty Cars 
Sa Oil Onto 
Starting Og 
Stt»ens JP 
Sun Comp 
T exaco 
Texas E Cor 
Texas mst 
Texas Utils 
Travlrs Cor 
U4JL Inc 
Unflever NV 

lw Carbide 
Un Pec Cor 
UttJ Brands 
Jim Waiter 
Wme. LmM 
Wens Fargo 
Wstgns* a 
weyerri aer 
1 woowonh 
Xerox Cop 

Otacocnt Market Loans % 
Oxarmchi High 13 low 12* 
Week fixed: 12 V* 

Treasury BBSs (Discount **) 
Buvng SoAnq 

2 mnth II •».* 2 mnth 11* 

3mmh IIS 3 mnth ns 

Prime Bank BBa (Discount %) 
immn I^it-ia’ie 2 mnth lI'Sx-ll* 
3mnm IIS-11* 6 mnth I0'*i*-I0 ,, i» 

Trade BiBa (Discount S) 

1 mnh 12 '*m 2 mnth I2*n 

3 mnth 12* Smmn n*i« 

Intertxmfc r*l 

Overnight open 13* dose 1 1 v, 

1 week i3*-i3 6mntn 11%-llK 
1 mnth 12%-12'4 9mnm H*ie-11*a 
3mmh lf*.e-ll»« 

7 days 7%-7’ia 
3 months 7Y^7* 
DBUtMdmarK * 

7 days 4V4* 

3 momhs4 , ia-4 i w 

French Franc 
7 days 15-14 
Sanaa Franc 
7 days 2V2* 
3months3 ,J i»^"ia 

7 days 5S-5S 
3 months 5 V5* 

can BV7S 
1 month 7V.-7S 
6 months? *-7S 
can 5-4 
1 month 4N-4& 
6monttis4 : i»-4 , ’ifl 
can 9*-8X. 

1 month 157,-15% 
6 months 12 V 1215 
call 2V|-1V, 

6manths3'v ,, i« 
cal 6-5 
1 month 5V5* 

Local Authority Depoaits (%) 

2 days 12% 7 days 12% 

1 mnth 12% 3mrnn 11* 

6 mnth 11% 12mth 10% 

Go*d:S34l 80-34025 
Krugerrand- (per court: 

S 341.75-34225 (£23^75-23725) 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 
1 mirth 12V12% 2mnfl 

S 82.00-to.00l 
•Exctudes VAT 

75-57 JO) 

1 mnth 127^12% 
3 mnth 12*-12% 
9 mnth 12-11% 

2 mnth 13-12% 
Smnm 12%-12% 
12mth 1i%-1l% 

Stertng CD* (%) 
1 mnth 12*i*-12' 

Strnsi m£iv»w i2mft ESSiJHi 8 "S 

DoHar CDa 1%) 
Imran 7.40-73 

1 mntn 7.40-7 35 
6 mnth 7 .40-7^5 

3 mnth 740-7JS 

12 rmn 7,50-7.45 

Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
Interest period Feoruaiy 5 1986 ID 
March 4 1986 (ndudvs: 12.654 par 


46* 46V. | Motorola 

43 *. 44 I NCR Corp 

47'V 47* ML indstrs 13* 13* 

33 33'- NarDism 38* 38* 

4V'. 42'. *3t Med Ent 23* 24 

18* 18'., NatSmcnH 14 13* 

161% 15S* Norfoasm 89 39* 

35 35* NWBancrp 35* 34* 

49% 43, OcocruPet 22* 23* 

10* j Ogden 

4A« I r>_ 

40% 39* Oan Corp 39% 39* 

70* 70* 1 Owws-iU 

6* 8* PacGasS 22* 22*» 

£8 Pan Am 



7s*4 Pertney J.C. 



85 ’o PenruM 



n/a Ppproca 



J ma n/a j Pnprsco 79% rg*; 1 
«L>3» (ABM ctiOKUitxAK.kU (kfWdnod ■ hen issue t 

Alcn Alum 
Algonu SO 
Can Pacific 
Con Bacirst 
Hdsn B Min 
impanel Oil 
In Pipe 
Ryi Trustco 
Steel Co 
Wlkr Hiram 

Surf 1 iraue 

n/a 26 

n/a 46'i 

n/a 18 

n/a n/a 

n<a 18* 
n/a IFt 

n/a 25* 

Tftrae Month Stertog Open 

Mar 86 88 15 

JunBo 8920 

Sap 86 B9B0 

Dec 86 89 89 

Previous day's total open Merest 11S7T 
Three Mann EunModar 

Mar 86 92£4 

Junes 92.70 

Sep 86 92.63 

Dec 86 92.45 

US Tr ee aur yBond 

Mar 86 95-03 

Jun86 94-22 

Sep 86 93424 





EM Vol 

88 14 





89 22 


89 63 








Previous day's total 

open interest 19050 
















273 ■ 

Previous day s total open Riterest 56i 
97-00 95-dO 96-31 42 

96-17 94-13 98-15 6854 

9326 93-24 95-24 22 

n;a 26* 
n/a 23* 

n/a 45'/. 

n/a 38* 

Short QBt 

Mer 66 

Jim 86 

Sep 86 

ns day’s total open Interest 881 
99-08 99-29 2 

99-08 fl»-(0 3S4 


n/a 3i5- 
n/a 30 

n/a 72* . 

n/a 23 

n/a 29 . 
n/a 26% 



Jim 36 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

FT-SE 100 

Mar 86 


Previous day's total open interest 6294 
118-09 119-16 118-07 119-28 56 

11908 120-30 If 931 120-30 6897 

N/T 121-09 0 

N/T 121-03 0 

Previous day's total open interest 1570 
15720 157 75 156.10 157 00 317 

15920 15920 158.00 159.00 64 

Ekl 0<ur Cmj na 

Brt Offer Cfing rtfl'l 

8u Oiler Oxq VW 

Brt oner Chng VW 

80. Haomn^n ns Bourrwnxjtfi BwS SAL 
0345 ’>7373 lUMUnei * 

Wwmwia* bc*a 
Aneneai Grown) 
Avar PecAc 
Axeet* I E jma 

Comm 4 Emrg-r 
Evoamn C apod 

US ~ 122*0 -C9 S33, 
87* Sli -CSSJ3-, 
IT’D >89 7® S H 

1*9 7 159 2 *0 9 0 78 

«:* us -t*28: 

5** IPO 7 •>/ IP 1 

60S sue *03 1 65.: 
gss »ooe .aaiss, 
7B6 BJ 6 -0* 1 75 ' 

Grpwth me 
Do Mean 

US Eroocrpng CK»* 
EoMlaa P107BU 


137 5 l*i 7 
61 7 66 3 
254 R2J 
122 7 131 9 
5S» Ml 
190 4 SK 2 
568 63* 

-0* 1 79 
*11 3 DO 

#44 I6T 
#10 117 
-05 0*1 
-19 J60 
#0.1 169 

GrcwHi CM 
■nS doeexery 
Smeller Co J 
E>ir> Mb 

Inc S Grown 
itai Hije me 

Pi el onwea 


Rna.-rt»i ?«» 

B<x 4 'ien 


P-<v S"#«« 

n» =-,—»» 

£63 572 -01 065 

102.9 ICS* #19 2A4 
131* 1*0 19 *15 140 
JJ I 394 -42IR 

5-2 61 Ce -0 1 7*5 
28 2 27 B *0 1 7.55 
192* 2052 -20 438 

I9t 2 202 9 c +1.1*72 
163 2C0* . 99* 

'17 3 1JS 8 *04 233 

*1 2 *3 3 -02 235 

148 213 *03 287 

IS 2 >73 -01 068 

M3 S8 2e #02 1.47 
3E2 4i Je *02 093 
*34 *6} -02 067 

9* » 100 1* *01 323 
58* 61 3c *0 1 5 79 
2* S 31 -02 IB 

Ec ma ow Pekcan 708 75* *0.4 339 

Hmn mcome Trun 67 8 722 *05 5 41 

GrtAAi aemr Si 7 55 1 *0* 866 

Tw Ol hn. Trusts 81 0 84 9* *02 2*7 

Soecui S4S Trust 71 7 783 *09 2*8 

NX Arm* Tfu* 54* S79 *03 1.92 

Far Eastern Trust 633 674 *09 090 

EQurr#* LAW 

Si Gtnrga use Cotponaea St Coventry 01 

Si 7 551 *04 896 

610 8*9* *02 2*7 

71 7 763 *09 2*8 

544 579 *02 1.92 

633 674 *09 090 

Gat 9 coma mt 
Growth Eouty 
N Araatiean 

Proowiy 9wi» 
D il fi r Comaeieea 
Euroown Trust 

1172 121 8* *11 9*2 
1993 2121 *09 2.10 

2098 2972* *1.4 299 
1382 14*9 *02 206 

1619 1723 *06 036 

217 6 2315 *1 1 1.78 

194 6 2071 *1.7 1.76 

208 1 2214 *1.1 093 

0203 553231 

UK Grttatn Accum 139 7 146 6 

Do ireoro 1229 1307 

AMO Ourd* C«me Sw**)" Shi 1EL 
0723 310366 5 0733 26MI 

Rno Trust 

Grown 1 5 mctxna 
CepW Trust 

tegn income Tu 
Eauh Mcane 
ngn Tw« 

Gcwt Sees Trust 

£12 7 226 5* *13 3 36 
12B 9 13/3 *0 5 3 34., 

22*7 2393 *0 3 2 75 | 

3*4 7 367 1 -jj 333.'l 
525 ? 559 B -3B 3U | 
^9 3i3» -01 «2S 
2309 2*5 9a *10 *« 
1257 1305 *1 I 508- 

13* 1 1420 *0 5 58i 

29? Jl 0 

#1 I 508. 
-0 5 58i 
-C2 Wf 

A#w j'. wm 96 7 103 la * 

u-w incunt 56 * 62 3c * 

A mer Smaeet Co s 2* 5 26 1 

Aura Grown $52 6S 5e * 

.Euro Swamp 13-i Ilf 

P*> in 389 39* * 

Hoag »snt] °r1 22 * 22 9 

rn Crown 32 5 » 0 ♦ 

JMMT. Pan 49 3 5269 + 

j«wn Wwr 13 e ij7 

Eromta 75* 79 0 * 

Eierron Mar-er 6*7 677 


9- >7 Perrymcimi Ho. Mem«anJ* Haem 
0*44 456144 

1806 1823 
97 S 102.6a 

hi -02 IB 

$52 8SSe -osasi 

136 <45 -01 040 

38$ 39* *01 123 

22 * 22 9 -0 2 330 

32 J »0 *0 1 292 

493 526a *02 

136 i*7 

75* 79 0 #0 5 381 
8*7 677 .. 4.1* 

Dd Vvajme 1229 1307 *0E 35l 

Hrtner me Accum 2319 235.0 +1 4 4.96 

Do mccme 1806 1823 -M.f 4.96 
GhsiFuea Venn 97 5 I0E69 +02 222 

Do income 834 67 7# +0.7 222 

Nm Xr*m Trt Acaxn |}U 141 7 *07 036 

Per E us> Tn van HZ4 H94 -0.* 968 

Euro Tsi accuh 134.9 143 5a -1 7 E95 

General Trust 219 7 233.7c +1.1 248 

975 102.6a +02 222 
634 67 ?a +0.7 222 
33J 1417 -07 03a 

High income 
N Amer Trust 
G4i Trust 
Si vmoent me 

903 54.0 
1152 1233c 
1721 1831 
36.4 3969 
769 7E3# 

Si V"«»ni US Gti 73 1 782a 
Temple BaSmCos 1522 T6I2 

Japan Puna 
Pe&Ac Tnm 

714 76 0a -0J 132 

Amei Sad S«a 
Secs oTajimt 

TecmMKm TH 

mcane Exema 

ma 774 E2* oc*i 

run 1321 140 7 -02 1 37 

a Sits Nt 63ie *021 19 

Aroer Tst 2009 21*0 -07 0M 

AW Aamt Value 2)02 213 3 -22 339 

GJi Grown 3$ 3 37 2 -0 3 2 9* 

SmeNP Cce U08 »H0 -09 278 

2r <3 SmnMr Cos 14J 1 <52 «V -II 2 53 
Recowry Trust 753 M2 -02 2 33 

Mel Mm ft Cnwrr 62B 863 -0* 22« 

Own 1 Eemngs !M* 192 1 -if 309 

gy T11 902 SC 1 *0.2 09* 

fiens <16* 123* -06 515 

9S B u«rt incane 
Do 4pcuro 
Grown Venn 

Do Mcane 
H«p evome 

.v-tn 4menrar> 





$0 3a +03 *36 
id /a *06 


1. Laurence Pixaia, rM. London EC4H DBA 

01^23 4680 

Ameraen r und 719 770 -02 055 

CWMKFiina 103.9 1113c -06 040 

bKarw Brma 7*3 79 4 c JU *94 

F* Eaererr- Fund K27 87 I -03 0*0 
Drews mean* 65 1 99.7 *03 392 

Nsnmiw 569 ssj +4L5 913 

NflurU Fund 45 2 490 -03 * 03 

Eurooeen moan* 

1)34 121 ira *01 312 
101 7 195 4 -II . 
<17 I 1260 *0 7 2.01 

592 626a -05 7tJ* 
70 1 75J -01 504 

645 8900 -93 330 

Premier UT aouw. 5, Reyagn W. Branawcd 

f iy ut 

tan 217919 

mmcroo SnOrCot 1137 11990 +10 2 18 
Hebron h mm 65.7 699 +0 4 094 

HMnoroe JSP 6 F E 89 4 85i +04 0*7 

Hemtuos Scenow 690 734 -04 10B 

Membroe Europeefi 687 9*4 -1.7 097 

Hembroe Omdun 450 47 9 +09 107 


190 ftw Gea^e St Q«x0aw 02 2PA 

0*1332 3l32 

58 a M0 
613 «9 
353 380 
13*7 !«• 9 
1i4 334 

Balanced ■mi me 
Do Vrirn 
mcane Gm me 35 4 377 

Dc *acum 363 36 8 

Serwce Vl Inc 37 0 394 

Dc Accum J74 398 

HWer Weill ronomjrje. TW9 fDY 
0732 352222 

Amercm 989 1017 

Amer Eqaly mean* 31 6 34 1 

Ana Speort &a 49 7 
Fai E*ii me 292 31 1 

GjS S n«ed mt 29 8 31 1 

Grown A mcane 929 99 4 
jeoati Special S*3 318 339 

Japan Trust 93 6 93 6 

Marvgeo mi Tei 1218 130.30 
mb, income Eawy 67 i 726a 
ProftMumrt GW 316 9J7a 
5oun> Ets 1 Awe Tst 280 266 
SIMON StB 1399 1493 

3688 3693 +173 220 

Jf9 1 JS27 +17 S 

PW Sroo Exaungtr London EC2P ZJT 
01-5C8 2B6S 

EaemnSmaDerCo'e 206 8 29U 
USA Eurmpt Tran 3200 3392a 


131. Feaoav Pa»en>er« lonOWi EC2A IAY 

01-629 9876 01-280 B5*0/K2/3 

Canal Growei Inc 



Oo Acaxn 



Eastern B M 


111 4« 

Do 8% WHmarewai 

55 fl 


Finance 5 Proowry 


59 4 

On 4 Fneo rorw 


5) 1b 

Do Accum 

$4 lb 

Men income Frame 

« 1 


Do Accum 

11- 6 

163, -a 

Hnn vteU mcome 

6T 1 

?1 7# 

Do Accun 



brt Accun 



Do 5% rwrtrwt 

6# « 


Menecec Fund 

55 J 


Prirercs Incan* 

27 0 


Do Accum 

8# 2 


Em+JMs Co* Acorn 


143 2 

iwu nom» Snare 



Poroow tu ux 


76 5 

Porno Tsi Jeoan 



PorttoAc T*» US 

71 6 

74 2 

Ponloao T* Europe 

93 i 


PontoAo TU »* 



Gmwji Inc Ml 
Do Acsum 1*1 
mcane Funa ffl 
Do Vom (31 
me me (2i 
Do Accum 1 21 
Smee*, me «l 
Do Accien 1% 

19? i 


. 317 






.. 575 



. 5 15 



. 2-oe 



. £88 




11 03 

.. i» 


125. rogr. Hanxn. umdon WC1V OPT 

07-2*2 1148 

Co Japan Fund 65 B 700 +0 

Hebron h Amer 65.7 899 +04 G9« 

Honoro* jep 6 F 6 89 4 85 1 +04 0*7 

HemCHOO Scenow 080 734 -04 105 

Hembroe Europeen 887 9*4 #1.7 097 

Hembroe Oedun 4S0 479 +08 167 

Hentaros Equity me 776 625 *04 478 

Hsndvoi myi me 58.< 588# +02 982 

Hemnroe Ree asms 9*9 56*a *0.7 304 


Prom*# UT Adm n w m on 5. Reyiegli Rd. Hutton 

BavewtxM &ja» 


Special S<n me 1192 1275# +10 

Do Aceum 1675 1792a -20 

Raomen Trust 926 99 3# +13 

CWPdwliK 5*4 562c *05 

Do Acorn 822 SS6e #P8 

Incan* AMs 1017 1103 m +0 7 

Fmsnasi TruB 126 1 13*9 -I J 

292 31 1 
298 31 1 

929 99* 
318 339 
938 938 

1218 1303a +02 035 
67 1 726# .. 860 

■ CXvrmu Wey. WsmbMv. HAS 0NB 
01-902 $376 

Growth 260 * 285 5 +17 3 08 

mean* 30b t 3»6 +1 3 *57 

f* E«l 1*9 3 1562 +19 065 

noth American 139 0 i*7g +02 0.73 

a Cxhdv So. Lonooi EC3A SAN 
Ol-MS 5656 

Amervar EiBnipi £351 3 M89c 
J4nn E>en«< £292 * 301 7# 
aip ■Nooeny T SI 51(795 0 

Prjperii Trust £20320 

incomes GrowW Inc 
Do Accum 
Hgn mean* Tnce 
Enr, income 
SmaFer Col Dn 

Prei 6 Get 
cat Trum 

Fruen maws' Trust 
Oocum HMimcaro 
Gmoei Teen 

bw ne uo nei 
Gmcn Resouroes 
Wondwae (3 

European ■ 

Euro -Smaller Cos 
-jioan Trust 
Joan Eoeool Sm 
Pacfic Snooer Co» 
Smsepnro « M«my 

10b Oar 9-oad Si. Loncon EC2N I BO 
01021 0011 

caota) (31 3352 3529 

mccmw. (31 262 1 575 9 

Nc#m Anemcoi 131 2809 27*7 

3 kjmm wee Bums. Lundon Wes, London 
0<428 SlBI 

Arrwr 4 Gun Inc 22T8 
Do Aucuni 232* 

Amer Tiimare) SXS 21*8 

3 GlenMm St Ecmourar EW 9" 
031-223 2581 (Deeters 031-226 BC66) 

mn E» C2) 

J««*w Ex 1*3) 

UK Ex (3T> 

Pul Pen* ma 
P’sui Pent UK 
PG America 

PC Energy 
BG mean* Grain 
BG Japan 
BG Teermokiey 

3999 *05 E 
2’5 9 !» 7 }» 
196 2 307$ 
368! 1882 
IF: 3 i69 6 
157 6 1-57 7 
1159 12*« 
17s 2 195*0 
13! « U9 8 
1670 177 7 


25(26 Aicermine Siraat Ltmeon W1> 4AO 

01491 0295 

jeoan s General 
H^ti tneoroe 
i n wrn e l M ra) Tniel 

mcane Gm tu 

Q*n a Fcroo w 

OWW V trims 

Special sauenons 

uncom House. 252 i 
01-534 56*4 
Aust Acaitn 

Co uvare 



-03 083 

IB 7 





83 J 

-0 4 



46 0# 


7 79 

71 5 

76 S 

•a 1 

1 12 


48 7 

4 10 



+oj 5 re 






45 7 


1 48 

RonrfCriS W E7 



•05 S JO 

130 8 

115 1 

»C T 

1 89 




1 89 

Amer Sm a lm Oss 
* T N 


The dollar staged a sus- 
tained rally on Monday while 
the pound held relatively 
steady, with Us fall of the day 
of 120 points to 1^4430 being 
considerably less than that of 
other important currencies- 


Soyobesn mooi, coffoaontf 
Oao-o* and wgv in OSS 

par tom. 

C W Joynaoa Co report 



-- - uoafBctef price* 

OtflctM Tumoeac rigara# 


I m. 1 ■ * 



lAustrak* — 




West Germany 
SwnzBriend -~ 





Hong Kong — 

Portugal — 

Span — 

Austria . 

*Uoyda Bank tntamatiana! 


Argentina austrar 

Austrata Dollar .» — >. 

Baiwam dmar 

Brazil cruzeiro* 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marVa 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong dollar 



Kuwait Anar KD 

Malaysia doflar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dotar 

Saudi Arsbiariyal 

Singapore oolar 

South Afnca rand 

U AEdtfham ... — 

1.1524-1 15«? 

2 0^69- 2-051 3 








_J. 0.4 TOM '41% 





3 1132-3 T169 





May™., 1 50 440 1 

Aug 15789-70 

Oa„ 1fiaB€0.0 

QZ~ 156^654 


May i78j6-7B-0 

voh 1410 


■March 15®-TO 

May L L 1485-83 

July 1514-12 

Sapt 1542-41 

0« 157 3-/2 

March 1«£<g 

May 10ZS-23 


March ZSttj-24£ 


Sect .. - — 2705-00 

jan 7780-73 

March 282D-2770 

Vol: »B75 


Apr* 1370-390 

June TK 0-33.0 

Aug 129.0-30.0 

O a 130.B31.5 

Dec 133JK33.8 

Feb — 133.0-35.0 

AtlfK 133-0-36.0 

Vot 9 

1 PHomrCparWUL tenwa 

S9var In ponce par W y «8W» 

RwJotfy/otf& Co. Ltd- report 

Cash S97.50-SW-® 

Tteeamortta . 101S5*10*W 

Tone sm * r 


tan 990JXW9SOO 

Three Months . — 1014-1018 

Vol — -J* 

Tam — “** 

Match 10 



JM-; -IKS 

-37 -ms mt 

S* -. m*- wm 

oa • not pis 

not ' . me -to* 

2n WB9 TWO 

M 1835 WM 


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„ 148M3 






Feb — 
Aprf — 


March ... 

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May 1312 ShOO 

June 127SO-25 

July 128.00-27 SO 

Aug 129.75-00 

Sept 132.50-00 

OO. T3700-2Z0D 

NOV 144.00-2800 

Vot ; 5006 

c£h ■■ Suspended 

Three Months 


Tone Mwwre— ■ ■■■ ■" m . -, 7 

£? 24850-250 JO 

Throe Monms . 260.00-26050 

Vol 1SW 

Tone ***** 

Throe Morans 


Tone .. -■- 


Cash 426 00-427 00 

Three Months . 441.DO-44TOO 

Vo* -1M0 

Tone staacy 


Cash 384.MB8 0 

Three Months — 39WMS7J 

va — 'J£. 

Tone — ** 

Three Months — 396JJ-3B70 1 

Vot ?■ 

Tone i* 8 1 


Cash 78900-790.00 

Three Months . 8 1850-81.7 00 

Vo< 8300 

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Month Ooso OW 

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Juiy87 82294K20 

Oct 87 





Aprs 105.0 104.7 

Miry unq’Md oraftad 

SP08741 0 . 

Vet 81 IOCS 

HkMlam ' Oan 

Mer 08 0*0-818 8121 

nrtk T9UMJB 7^5 

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SMC86 ^ 

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H>p) low Canpere 

dh Yld 

Ca ge pence % SVE 


Ngh Lew Cotupeer 


«iw Yld 

Cb'ge pence H PN 


108 87 

TIB 560 
155 I1B 
323 2*S 
18* ■ 23 
1 130 83 

111 83 

19* 153 
! 58'r *7', 
33*. 25 
*03 312 
86 64 

90 7? 

735 S2S 
i 178 118 
I 118 97 

I 127 85 

330 284 
155 112 
S90 348 
528 363 
i 199 160 
115 85 
322 23* 

! 148 114 
S3 68 
122 91 
13* 85 

98 76 
167 122 
257 188 
302 2*2 
185 80 
990 415 
181 117*1 
306 233 
! 109 76 

S3® 100 
520 405 
■36 105 
13* 100 
163 120 
358 200 
80 59 

121 9T 
I 188 115 
i 148 97 
297 230 

Amei Trust 
Anq Amer Sec 
Adenoc AsMS 
Br Assets 
B> Brow* Sec 
Brosn mv 

Cresam Japan 
DtTOr me 
Do Can 
Drayran Cota 
Drayton Fat East 
Droyro*i Japan 
D>avmn Premwr 
Ounnae Lon 
Eon A mw Asset 
Electric Gen 

EngMt Scot 
Erojmn NY 

F & C AOanoa 
FI C Pecrfc 

Frn Scot Mar 
Ftnrr un Gen 
n aming amencan 
FW rron g CUner 
Fleming Dueransa 
n aming Far East 
Flwraig FMdglmg 
Flemmo Japan 

Fleowtg LtarcxiTOla 

Fl wwn B Overoen 

Fhmng Tecfi 

3.1b 3 0 407 
296 42 335 
4J 31 31.0 
89 24 487 

44 27 514 

04 07 .. 
39b 34 414 
IS 08 . 
27 47324 

07 22422 
20 9b 52 347 
31 34409 

33b 37 354 
30 0O * 1 35.1 
03 02 

110 101 M2 

i Qregow 9M» 


Gomel AUanec 
Go#*n Qnerart 
GomiT Snrngy 
fruiun Koun 

M$|t*l . 
immsl+n Success 
It# Cap 
Japan Assaa 
Law oacwmn 
Lon Merorwn Sec 

Lon Trust 



43 32.4 



10 .. 

1 4 





*0 342 


06 8** 

+ *J 

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34 432 



24 *94 



30 480 

IO 74 4 



26 554 

11 370 



47 29.1 

b .. 


48 286 


7 3 101 

b . 


1661 1 


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12 9b *2 37.4 

♦ 'J 


IS .. 

Fa ca 
GBC Cnpaa 
GT Japan 
Genera Funds 
General Cons 

38 3.0 482 
57 10 .. 

51 383*4 
19 3 0 42.7 

14 22 85 I 
7 tb 20 417 
ll 2.7 524 

22b 14 . 
24 20 694 
752 M 280 


Murray mcane 
Muwey in# 
Murray Small 
Mpray -JtoXura 
New Conn 
New Oman Oe 

Nweirog me 83 
N*w Toayo 
Nm Aoanoc Sec 
mm See Assets 
Man Amer 


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Do Wnra 
Personal Assets 
Fbver 6 Men: 
Fw Pini 

flejremo . 

Si Ancftews 
S aw American 
Sea Eastern 
San Mge 
Sat Net 
i Sta Mere *' 
Second AOence 
Sec Or Seapand 

*-l 13 

-1 1*5 

+1 40 

.. 14 


• . 24 



+1 144 


b+t u 
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+1 m 
+1 12 
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+ 1 14# 

-t 7 7n 

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.. 204 


• +3*1 57 


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TB Naur A«nnf 9# 
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24 L4S71 

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■ +l 18 At 242 

•+1 112 il 3BTS 

Tbrog SecwmB Can 148 . 
T rare GBeenc i* 

ue. Oabarouro M 
Ifltoro fteeueirel .• 38 
rimnir - ' 84 

+2 65 IT 416 

5 ... 29 -14 387 
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+2 94b. IS 876 

' 12b. 4-0 4J 7 

... . 22 leaeo 
Pel. 13 47 318 
' .42 UM* 
b . *37b A* 3i4 


02 0 l 6 ‘ 

-2 15.0 19 318. 

b .. &6 14382 

• #, 111 8.1 274 

885 ' 290 AareR) 6 Smarmra 
ST, m, AnocwEapraae 
«8 >9 Age 

85 X SSm 
OS '46 Buteaaa Arrow 

ir.880 OeJy law 


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18? 73 Co# Tien 
318 lift- Earn 
05 tS B p oawi 
488 350 KB ra re — 

• *1 41 82 411* 

+2 64 .26 564 

br? 67b 34 4 M 

+I*i 29 244T6 
+* _ if 'b 26864 
#2 64 24 61 7 

. 25.0 -04206 

■+r 24 <)« 42312 
82b 4 l43M 

M» a* GooCb/DpA# 

- 17% 571 anu— i Aden 
194 183 1C« 

-405 300 MAt 
STS 388 MIQ 
314 217 Mo can ae Howe 
114 75 faooc m* In 
41 H Do Wen bre 
HI 93 fimra Braman 

878 6 

2M M7M 


fl , 9+2 

t« £1 2*3 

30 . :k 

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80 A3M2 


BR3 36126 

eiT*. - 

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>*o >» 

6* 36266 

KS * . 

-40 40 13* 

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— 46 1*187 


30 36 1*7 


7.1 19226 

88 +1 

S7 64 126 

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25 283*8 


337# 21 IU 

183 +2 

129 7B’7i 


7X9 S3. 96 

780 b 

21* H3U 

324 - b#4 
AST wf 1 ? 

iS -V 

TU 14 17 
05 08 786 

. 13 *8 222 

Prices quoted on this page 
are for Monday's trading* 

Brt Drier Chng Yld 

Bid Ofler Chng YM 

m ' 0#ir Cbm YU 

8*J drib Cfing YU 

Do Acorn 186.9 1998 +1.7 141 

Wonowrte Growth 1684 1002 -0.1 1.14 

Do Acorn 2332 2521 .. 1.14 

ouaracss MAHON UNtT TRUST 


PD Bot *42. 32 9 Meryet-HG. LondOi GC3P, 
3 AJl 

20. Odum Bl umun EC2AA**X 
01-920 0011 

EoMy DM 1104 1174 

Da Accun 1538 183.7 

cm Tnm si 3 5* i 

Do Accum 544 Bt ! 3 

Htgn Incane OMt 1*3 89.7c 

Da Aawn 967 1024C 

US apwei 5*4 58 lb 

Do Accum 543 sum 

Da Accun 
Eura Goi Inc 
Do Accum 
Smtfflm Oat Inc 
DO Acaxn 

1 2** 1327 
1017 1108 
12*2 1324 
974 1034 
1024 MBS 

+07 1.16 
-07 119 
-06 118 
+1.1 267 
+1.1 267 

Japan Ora 8er C o i - 

+18 1.50 
+28 140 

. *82 
+08 4.82 
#04 473 
+04 4.73 
*02 1.13 

+02 1.1 a 


163. Hope Snot. Oregon G2 2UH 
0*1 221 9232 

Amancen T09S H846 +0.7 348 

Eunpeen £054 2184 +24 14S . 

amaaar Cos 1778 1894 +08 1.80 

New techMKW • 
SEAMOttra - 



Scoty wna 
Select Mwiueorat 
smare Com me 
Special amaboa 

UK Equity . 

US Growth' 
Unnerra Grown 

Nnalada Perk. Exear EXS IDS 
0392 52155 

Genera Treat 41 1 440 +04 380 

Income That 33 4 350# +08 840 

mrara a onei Trow 269 314 .. 140 



48. Oraoechvch 8* EC3P 3HH 
01-023 *200 an 289 

1098 118.9c 
85 1 894 
1007 1077 
258 276 
;•&( 994 
878 B3J 
1917 1827 
1472 157 4# 
<88 734 
1404 1502 
862 9*8 
1717 1808* 
710 759# 
773 824 

-03 .. 
+0.1 342 

-1.1 >84 
+0.7 241 
+08 431 
+1 I 418 
+02 135 
+18 483 

Emuy - - -1214 1308. 

Eunceui Spec So »l H7 

GA mcane 
Goa mcane 
Do Accum 

*14 218 

Atemy 4 SUgapore W.r 184 
Pao&tac 717 761 

1064 1144# #0 I 604 

»« 2387# +08 MW 
1032 1003a wlO 629 
»l Bit -04 1M 
1060 H33 #03 199 

763 ti 6* .. 473 

TO2 7J0 #06 010 


Throe Qumo. To«mr I 
01-628 *589 
Amer ■ Gut me 
Do Accun 
Amur n +CPnury 
Oo Accum 
Am Smaew Coe 
Dc Accun 
Aral 6 Gen me 
Do Adman 
Comm ( Gen Inc 
Do Accun 
C onpourt OgMfi 
Conner sem Growfll 
Do Inc 

Dmdano “urt me 
Do Accum 
European 8 Genera 
Oo accun 
Extra v#M me 
Oo Accun 
Far Eeamm me 
Do Accun 
Fort O' m. re 
On Aro 

Ite Accun 
NR Oman 
Do Aenmi 
Fer Etra Acc 
Do Oat 
Ameratn Acc 
Do Dai 

1328 2052 +14 3TB 
3063 3280 +1.7 3.10 
5196 5527# -1JD 110 
6228 873.3# -14 1.10 
BOS 8* 4b -04 040 
609 8*8# -02 030 

854 99.4 +02 130 

554 588 ' +03 140 

•cmooBMMT Timer 
Bner pnee Mn eae. P uipu O u < i 

PedSc Me 
Da PmoOH 
Prof Sara Fd 
Special 54* 
mora mcane. 

71? 761 -65 009 

.678 834 -67 009 

164 161 980 

mm 064« +fi 194 
767 862m -1.0 046 

438 48 7b -03 0 W 
Si 4 88.10 -61 688 

WartbUH Capital 1314 1408 +08 178 

Oo Accun 
OA 5 Fred H 
Oo Accun 
Goto Ma 
DO Accum 
Hron mcane Inc 
Da accum 
rre Growm me 
Do Accum 
me me me 

Japan * Gen me 
Do Accun 

Do Accun 
Jacun Smear Acc 
huaatia t Cun me 
Do Accum 
n e ro #ar> Fun) he 
Do Accun 
Secong Gen Inc 
Do Accun 
Smaller Coa tnc 
Da AccU" 



PO B o. * F toredi NRT 3NG 
0803 B22200 . . 

Group TTvft C11.1A 11.73b +046 381 

HTrw 1174 12*4 +1.1 148 

66 Caiman Smeel Lantkm CC4N BAE 
OKOngs 01-238 385 «7W9A> 
m ierre u cral Growti .1274 1384 -0.7 090 

mcane 5 Growth 678 61.6 +04 300 

SpecraStt 734 765 +01 *40 

Awran Growth 327 35.B® -61 670 

Japan Qrewm 45.0 *EU +02 . . 

Euuui Growth 8*8 967 -64 140 

UK Grow#! 50 B 5*2 +06 0B0 

PecUC Grow* 3BO 41.7 +04 Q ta 

H9< Incane 298 317 -0T 638 

PWMMM *63 514c +01 

Do Acaan 864 924c *61 240 


257. Hrti Haewm. WC1V7EB 
8M05 844I 

Growth Njm me 838 86.1 +04 248 

Do Accun 1234 131? +04 248 

mconM Fima HU H6* *04 A2S 

ma &»xty me n*4 izti +03 t.n 

Do Accun 1148 1221 +03 1.71 

(Mt Thao He 1184 K38 +0.4. 330 

Do Accua 2024 2164 +67 630 

Am e ric a n me . 1224 
Do Accun 13*8 

Aucharei me ' S7.9. 

Do Accun — 821 
Euraoaen me 984 

Do Accum T009 

WARaad me . 54.1 
Do Acaan -868 

Goto Fund mo 33.7 

Do Accun 35.1 

mcane 1994 

Do accun .3512 
HU mcane 97.7 

Da Accun 13*8 

Jap 8n* Co * ac 1032 
»gaam 8 Many *34 
Do Accun 444 

SnaDar Cos ine 118* 
Do Accun 1236 

Special Sea he $9.0 

Oo Accum 1024 

Toteb Fima me 15B8 

DO Accum 181 7 

US SmaAer Co* Ac 554 
uk Eouty me 978 
Do Accun 1*94 

Rnarery 6TB.0 

SpactU brompi 1068 
Patman 6 Cherty 5362 

-01 144 
-at 1.54 
+04 1.98 
+04 148 
+14 M8 
+67 9*7 
+08 647 
-02 403 
-62 *03 
*07 448 
+1* 446 
-06 078 
-08 076 
♦62 0 W 
-02 150 
-04 140 
*04 146 
+04 146 
*08 T41 
+08 131 
+67 028 
+07 026 
*02 02 + 
+02 309 
+04 309 
.. £76 
*03 145 
.. £4! 

EqonyExOl 72A 773 .. l» 

Do «can (3) 1369 1498 . . L98 

2 S» Alary Aa« lomxn ECM 8BP . 

01 928-3356 

«3&£Unt «• « 

UemM HotUb £ AMM DbriL condoa CC4V 

07-2*6 1253 

American GronOr 370 36*b +04 079 

Genera Orowai 500 538 +01 291 

GWW Tech 38? *24 +04 0 10 

mean* Omei 464 800 +0 3 511 

moamaMoraey. 444 «77b +04 740 

JapM Growth 30 7 XU .. 0'B 

Ore Broum *06 464 +0.1 1J5 

SmMbCot 884 BOO +68 £78 

SpepehORM 664 6*4# +06 248 


30 7 327 
408 <64 
884 800 

.. 0 *8 
+0.1 14 
+68 £76 

S' ®. New Ldnoan Rd. Qrotadoro 
02*8 51851 

Cojreeo me is 441a 4503# 

DO Accum (51 7039 734 4 

Freang Fum (4) £259 2«1 7 

Oo AnamM) 2473 26*8 

FUng Are a Gan (4) 2134 Z 273 b 
Do Accun W 343 1 2384b 

Growth FUM hie 
Do Accun 
mcania FiM 
ma Etmay me 
Do Accun 
(Mt Dun me 
Do Accun 


28. St AMTOwa S(L EfSnbugti 

031-458 9101 

Foreng me Fuat J4) 1662 ifij 
S a v/xro cn 1501 157* 

S 5 W Sou Sec* 1262 1261 


46 Hart Street Henley On Thames 

0*91 578888 

HI Growth 2*62 £864 

mcane 1784 191 1 

VAXKwrte Roc MOO 1504b 

Area QrowOi 861 73.1b 

toa Emm Go's 759 614 

Fer Earn GrwBi 00.4 OA.a 

ammeun am oza 564 

222 Bt a nao MM . Lonooi ECS 
01-2*7 754C7 

m* Income uratl 1377 1444 

' Do Accun 2024 2'SJ 

Scottish uf* MMEsiwrans 
IB. St Anurewe Sq. BMuyti 
031 225 2211 

UK Equity 171 6 1834 

Amencan 14*4 15a? 

PeeAiq T31B Mil. 

Euooeot 18*4 2061 



109. vmcero St Gmagow Q2 SHN 
04V«*8 8100 

«C foudy 161 0 171 3 

G4t a Fried 1134 1265 

UK Sm*r Oox Eq 135 7 14*4 

Eurcceen 1862 1764 

hi Amencan 1084 1164 

P*e*c 12*0 1319 


lOJtenvnge Ro. Bonoi 

+19 141 
+14 133 
#04 007 
-1.7 670 

+12 237 
+10 B49 
+14 148 
-09 133 
+08 149 
-04 142 

_D(J Acc 


Ex e m p t 
_Do Acoxn 
ft* Canon 
Do Accun 
rip 6 Piao 
Do accuh 

Do Accun 
Oa Incane 
Do Accun 

W» Accun 

26 Cnenane Sa EdaBugn 
03T-22E 4372 






up a 

5^°»njook> poised for 
leap forward. -The 

HiUsdown Holdings, the ac- 
quisitive food conglomerate 

now Uygeting on S & W ^ — :r 

Bensfoni ’ * pre**** me 

fctibwrth their followers!™ 8 

kind of results may to 
seduce any opposing groon of 
shareholders. • rr ^ 
Unlike many predatory 
companies, it docs not seem 
to be relying cm acquisitions 
to fund its growth. 

Profits before tax for last 
year unveiled yesterday show 
a jump of 77 per cent to £33.4 
million,, with first-time con- 
tributions accounting for just 
£4 million of the increase. - 
The, outstanding feature 
was the' performance of the 
poultry (Boxted chickens), 
egg and animal feed division 
coming in with its best results 
since its acquisition in 1982. 

The £)7 million profit is 
three times the 1983 level 
The stationery and office; 
equipment divison and fixrni- ‘ 
ture and plywood distribu- 
tion 'achieved even greater 
rates of growth. HiUsdown is 
sow the largest . furniture 
manulacturing business in 
Britain with turnover of £150 
million a yeqr. 

The food processing and 
distribution side finished 
with profits. II per cent 
abeacLThe problem area lies 
in -red meat, now encounter- 
ing increasing customer resis- 

HiUsdown believes the an- 
swer lies in a complete re- 
packaging exercise taking 
products through the same, 
revolution that transformed 
the poultry business. This 
involved switching away 
from frozen binds to more 
profitable fresh produce and ; 
prepared dishes. . 

The bacon side am tinned 
to produce good results but 
overall the division's contri- 
bution slipped by £200,000 to 
£4.5 million. 

HiUsdown remains coy 
about its intentions towards 
Berisford where its holding is 
now just under 10 per cent 
Others on its shopping list 
can be gauged from its other 
quoted stakes, Bassett Foods 
(8 per cent). Brown & Jack- 
son (7.6 per cent) and Office 
and ' Electronic Machinery 
(14.9 percent). 

But attractions elsewhere - 
are unlikely , to divert ; 
HiUsdown from the possibili- 
ties of extracting more from 
its own business ^capital 
spending continues to aedri- 
erate with more than £30 
million earmarked for this / 
year on top of £te£6G million 
invested over the last three 
years. • ' 

The final dividend of 3p; 
makes a total of 4.2p for tire 
full year, a rise of 20 per dent. 
The current year is off to a 
good start and with foB-year 
contributions from compa- 
nies bought in 1985, 

lion, a rise of 17 per cent on 
sales up 9 per cent, came as 
no great surprise. UB had 
already forecast it would 
make £100 million. 

Kleinwort Benson 

No^wte in : the City is 
.claiming to be making a 
fortune out of the minions of 
pounds the Government is 
having to . pay in fees for its 
privatization progr amme , in- 
deed, Kleinwort Benson has 
claimed that the fee earned 
for . the notation of British 
Tdecom in 1984 did little 
more than cover the costs of 
the issue. ' 

A less obvious benefit of 
being associated with the 
“Safe of the Century” - is 
revealed in the 1985 results 
announced yesterday. The 
year to December 1985 
showed a 52 per cent increase 
in the pretax profit attribut- 
able to the Merchant Banking 
business, specifically the Cor- 
porate Finance division, ac- 
counting for 84 per cent of the 
total before interest charges. 

KJBL c laims to have been 
responsib!& either as sole or 
joint underwriters for more 
than a third of the equity 
capital raised in the London 
market last year, more than 
any other City firm, and this 
pre-eminence must at least be 
partly due to the company's 
highly publicised association 
with the BT flotation. 

. World metals .prices re-’ 
main in the doldrums and. ' 
profits at Sharps Pbtley^ 
KBL’s bullion broking sub- 
sidiary continued to decline. 
Despite Sharps Pixley's 
membership of the London 

The breakdown of the fig- 
ures.provided mare interest 
Keebier in the United States 
regained the ground 
lost in a disastrous first 
quarter to end the year 
slightly ahead in dollar terms, 
though 2 per cent down in 
sterling terms. 

The cookie war is still 
being waged with a fierce 
intensity, but UB is in no 
doubt ifet it is w inning. 
Overestimation of the poten- 
tial of the soft cookie market, 
which caused the first quarter 
reverses, has now been recti- 

Keebier produced a posi- 
tive cash flow after invest- 
ment and is still gaining 
market share. In 1985 it was 
the only American biscuit 
company to increase its share 
of toe combined cookie and 
cracker market, UB claims. 

British trading profits rose 
13.6 per cent, which included 
arise to £3.1 million from £1 
million by frozen food manu- 
fecruring and a 44 per cent 
increase at Fizzaland and 
Wimpy. Market share im- 
proved fo biscuits, chocolate 
confectionery and crisps and 

Metal Exchange it will not 
suffer any loss because of tire 
tin crisis. 

ing loan to the Tin Council of 
£10 million valued against 
warrants at 1 30 per cent At a 
tin price of £6,250 a tonne, 
this loan is frilly covered. - 

A provision of£2-3mi£ljon 
has been , made which will 
cover any losses down to a tin 
price of £4,500 a tonne, but 
the bank fully intends to take 
legal action, against the Tin 
Council and, if necessary, the 
oonstitueritsovereign govern- 
ments to recover any fosses 
on this loan. 5 

A provision has also been 
made against a loan of £5 
minio n to. Pan-Electric in is unlikely that 
much of this will be recov- 
ered and 75 per cent of it has 
been written off ;. 

’. KBGS, the US Govern- 
ment Securities dealing arm, 
reported a loss of £03 million 
compared with -a profit of 
£3.5 million last year. 

United Biscmts . 

The United Biscuits 1985 
pretax profits of £102-2 mfl- 

With. the teaming curve 
now considered complete in 
restaurants and frozen food 
and the last costs (£14.3 
million after tax) of the 
closure of factories in Phila- 
delphia and Liverpool out of 
the way, UB is set to increase 
the pace of growth. Analysts 
are expecting profits of about 
£125 milli on this year, which 
gives a modest prospective 
p/e ratio of 6.4 on shares 
down 4p at 129p. 

While UB is keen to point 
out it can win cookie wars 
without help from Imperial's 
tobacco revenue, the acquisi- 
- turn of Imperial is vital to 
UB's strategy. An estimated 
combined gross cash genera- 
tion, of £500 minion to fund 
the expanding areas of foods, 
brewing and leisure is a 
tantalising prospect. 

The battle to win the hearts, 
and minds of Imperial share-! 
holders is well under way 
With little to choose between 1 
the JJR and Hanson Trustl 
bids in money terms, lm-‘ 
penal’s recommendation of! 
UB has to be seen as a strong! 
advantage. This is particular- ; 

bank is 

Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — 
An official report released 
yesterday on Malaysia's worst 
financial scandal attacked one 
of the country's biggest banks 
for losing some 2.5 billion 
ringgit (£685 million) in bad 
property loans. 

A separate White Paper 
tabled in parliament also se- 
verely criticized the bank. 
Bank Bumiputra Malaysia 
Bierhad (BBM-Bj, and its Hong 
Kong subsidiary, Bumiputra 
Malaysia Finance - Ltd 

“We have come across 
irregularities, frauds, criminal 
breach of trust, theft, actions 
in complete disregard of hon- 
est commercial practice and 
contravention of several laws 
in Malaysia and Hong Kong in 
respect of the administration 
and operation of BMFL.” a 
summary of the report said. 

The 6,000-page report by a 
government-appointed three- 
man team also died “irregu- 
larities, criminal breach of 
trust and false accounting in 
relation to the administration 
and operation of BBMB”. 

The team, beaded by Tan 
$ri Ahmad Noordin, the 
country's auditor general, de- 
clined to distinguish the dis- 
honest from the naive among 
.those involved. 

Those who may have been 
criminally involved were 
named in separate special 

The report detailed loans 
made between 1979 and 1983 
by BMFL, mainly to the Hong 
Kong-based Carrian group of 
companies which collapsed in 
October 1983 with debts of 
more than £685 million. 

The bad BMF loans left 
Bank .Bumiputra with such 
huge debts that the Malaysian 
government had to ask its 
cash-rich national oil compa- 
ny Fetronas to take over the 
Hong Kong debts and buy a 
controlling stake in the trou- 
bled bank. 

Stylo up 
35p on 
bid hopes 

• By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Imperial is in the hands 
small shareholders, who tend, 
to be greatly influenced by< 
their board. 

Speculation is mounting, 
that a bid will be launched for 
Stylo, the property-rich shoe 
company controlled by the 
Ziff family. 

Stylo’s shares zoomed up to 
236p yesterday, -a -35p per 
share increase, on h opes of a 

British Land has constantly 
been the hot favourite to make 

ly because 30 per can of l abii , talradyowMabont25 

Ol 4 nTCtiiln k>.4 14a 4«u(<M- 



John Crowther, die textiles 
group that took over Carpets 
International's British carpet 
interests last year after a bitter 
battle, yesterday announced 
two agreed takeovers, worth. 
£46.3 miUion. 

- It has offered £37 SL million, 
or 21 3p a share, for MCD 
Group, the floor coverings, 
distribution group formerly 
known asTraSbrd Carpets. It 
is also Iniying W W Group for 
£9.1 million, or 367p a snare 

W W is . an importer and 
distributor of textiles and 
carpets formerly known as 



terim dividend is bring doubted 
to I p. Turnover for the half-year 
to Dec. 31, 1985, £3.76' minion 
{£1 .48 million). Profit before tax. 
£684,000 (£190,000). Earnings 
per share 5.68p (? 40p). Sales in 
Jan. and Feb. were significantly 
higher than in the comparable 
period last year, the board 
reports. It intends to apply to 
the court for consent to cancel 
the share premium account and 
to apply the capital reduction to 
extinguish goodwill 

share 107.8p(62.lp). Valuations 
of both the company's freehold 
land, at Antofagasta. Chile, and 
the residual value of the railway 
trade , resulted in a surplus of 
£11.9 million, which has been 
talcen to reserve. 

HOLDINGS: Mr V F Button, 
the chairman, reports in his 
annual review that orders are 
better than last year. 

INGS: Results for 1985. Total 

dividend 27 Jp (20p). Turnover 
(£16 miffion). 

£15.24 million 
Profit before tax £7.48 million 
(£6.38 million). Earnings per 

MENTS: The dividend for 1985 
is being doubled to 4pu Total 
jncome £1.58 million 
(£916,000). Pretax profit 
£756,000 (£267,000). Earnings 
per share 6.2 Ip (3.42p). Net 
assets per ordinary share 198p 


1786 /HMUin 1986 

Two centuries strong and building 



Construction, Residential and Commercial Devetopment and Plant Hire. 



Turnover - 23X540 209,133 

Profit before Tax • fli ° 38 6,420 

Shareholders’ funds........ ■■■■■■■- 47,270 39,573 

Dividend per Ordinary Share ■■■•• 7 -°P 6 0,5 

Earnings per Ordinary Share 2a3p Z5Sp 

NetassetvaiueperOrdinary Share - 2123p SOOBp 


* Profit before Taxincreases for eleventh successive year-up 41%to 

record high of £9.0m 

4r House sales rise by 35% to 2700 units 

* Charter Homes acquired for £7.2m 

3 : Construction workload at record level 

* Launch of Urban Renewal initiative 

-oas/ro start*/ satisfactorily . . . Ift should be disappomtBdrfourprogmss toted* 
1 ^^^^standardsihatourBiG6ntBn^ KM demands. 

Herman Wakefield, Chairman 


per cent of Stylo but its tender 
offer for the company proved 
abortive in January last year. 

British Land ays it is not 
selling or buying its shares but 
is holding on to its stake for 
which it paid about 176p per 

' There are rumours that the 
Ziff family may be about to 
change the archaic voting 
structure in Stylo which gives 
management shares 16 votes 
compared to the one vote for 
theordinary shares. British 
Land's stake gives it only 13 
per cent of the voting rights in 
Stylo. If the management 
stares, controlled by the Ziff 
family, were to be enfran- 
chised, it would make a 
takeover a possibility. 

The Gty feels that 300p per 
share might sway the Ziff 
family to sell out, something 
which it has vigorously resist- 
ed SO far by maintaining the 
existing voting structure. 

British Land was not alone 
in making a play for Stylo. 
Harris Queensway made a £36 
million bid at the beginning of 
1984 but ended up buying its 
Pennywise chain of stores. 




ABN 12w% 

Adam & Company 12»% 

BCC1 12w% 

Citibank Savingst 12*% 

Consolidated Crds 12?*% 

Continential Trust I2w% 

Co-operative Bank..- 12V»% 

C. Hoare & Co 12*>% 

LLoyds Bank 12i*% 

Nat Westminster 12v>% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 12*4% 

TS8 12*4% 

Citibank NA.._ 1214% 

t Mongee Base Rate. 


Opf, 70/iwv^ 


#t netful Mhnrf SHitil Kim c 
•Hiklmmtn Ifctfse lnut>#M»lillra™ 
‘monMMA 1 1 u,dG Ihcltaliy 

A* iH#l lankrr 


. WhfJ4aliiSltfd Minimi 

IniMiIPiik urn/n,^ Hh'r 1 
IVw (MM) 2A3 263.n mrtrki 

EVENTS, lica|>ni.llniH<>illKI '.UK 



Shares surge to peak on 
fresh takeover wave 

A flood of new takeovers and 
another encouraging set of 
tank tending and money sup- 
ply figures sent share prices 
soaring to new records. The 
FT 30-share index gained 21 .2 
to close at 1326.8 and the FT- 
SE rose 24.9 to 1597.1. 

Almost all sectors enjoyed 
strong buying from domestic 
and overseas institutions. 
Stock was again in short 
supply in these one-way con- 
ditions so that gains of 20p to 
30p were frequent in many of 
the secondary issues. 

Gilts set the trend from the 
outset, a firm pound and the 
lure of lower interest rates in 
next week’s Budget or before, 
proving too hard to resist. The 
money and bank tending fig- 
ores announced at 230pm 
gave them an additional boost 
so that quotations closed at 
the best levels of the day with 
rises of 1 l h points. 

Equities received a fillip 
from four new takeovers 
which stimulated fresh inter- 
est in other speculative 
favourites. A dual merger deal 
from John Crowther lifted 
MCD Group I lp to 207 p and 
WW Group 120p to 370p. 

John Crowther slipped 2p 
to 141p but other carpet shares 
reflected the growing rational- 
ization in the industry. Hugh 
Mackay at 88p and 
Tomkinsons 138p rose 6p and 

Cope Allman was hoisted 
60p to 343p on the news that 
Hawley Group (up 2p to 1 19p) 
was bidding for the remaining 
shares it did not already own. 
Bosh Radio jumped 7p to 
1 58p on the terms from 
Prestwich Holdings back from 
suspension at 153p up 7p. 

Among engineers, the ex- 
pected increased teams from 
McKedraie Group added 3p 
to Newman Tonks at 137p. 
The prospect of cheaper mort- 

gages produced some big gains 
among builders and stores. 
Woolwoith soared 42p to 587p 
on rumours subsequently de- 
nied of a bid from Dixons 
Group, 8p better at 31 8p. 

Others in the sector to 
attract interest included John 
Menzies at 333p up I8p, and 
Barton 12p higher at 278p. 
News of a £10 million rights 
issue cut 4p from Pentos at 

In builders. Bine Circle 
climbed 20p to 62Sp and 
Meyer International ad- 
vanced 15p to 234p. Costain 
gained I4p to 522p after the 
Australian subsidiary results, 
white land sales to British 
Telecom helped Taylor Wood- 
row to a 15p rise at 548p. 

Martonair, in receipt of an 
unwelcome offer from IMI, 
rose 40p more to 640p. IMI 
improved 13p to 178p. 

Engineers continued to re- 
flect cheaper oil and the 
impact on profits. Babcock at 
207p, Glynwed 322p and TI 
Group 499p were among those 
to advance 9p to 1 6p. System 

Designers put on lOp to I22p 
ahead of today's results. 

Also reporting today, BTR 
added 7p to 460p (dealers are 
looking for £350 million) and 
Guest Keen & Nettlefolds 
improved 8p to 336p (£133 
million expected). British 
Telecom, with third quarter 
figures due tomorrow, reached 
a new peak of 230p up 8p. 

BBA Group was hoisted 1 5p 
to 2l8p as Automotive Prod- 
ucts (I6p higher at 213p) 
gained control. In foods, 
HiUsdown Holdings hardened 
2 p to 240p after good results, 
but a 17 per cent expansion 
failed to support United Bis- 
cuits at 229p down 4p. 

Unigate attracted fresh 
speculative interest at 270p up 
Sp but fading bid hopes 
knocked 8p from Fitch LoveU 
at 2S4p. Press suggestions of a 
possible American bid 
siren gibed Cadbury at lSlp 

Recovery prospects boosted 
Lex Service Group 22p to 
34 9p. Kenniug Motor gained 
lOp to I73p on hopes ofa fidl 




Abbott Mead V (180pj 

>) 237 up 1 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 


Ashley (L) ( 

BPP (I60p) 183 

Brookmount (160p) 180 up 2 
Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 72 up 2 
Cranswick M (95p) 106 

DiaJene (I28p) 210 dn 10 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 27 

Granyte Surface (o6p) 76 up 5 
Jnoco (55p) 48 

Sigmex (101 p) 
Snowdon & B 

223 up 2 

Spice (80p) 


Tech Comp (1^))^ 

Underwoods (1 . 

W York Hosp (( 
Wickes (140p) 

90 dn 3 
188 up 4 
78 up 3 
157 up 1 

JS Pathology (160p) 281 up 3 
‘ (105P) 

120 up 5 

Jarvis Porter (105p) 

Klearfold (118p) 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 138 

Merivale Moore (115p) 126 

Norank Sys (90p) 107 up 1 

Really Useful (330p) 361 

SAC Inti (lOOp) 134 


Cray Bee F/P 
Cullens N IP 
Hartwells N/P 
NMW Comp 
Porter Chad F/P 
Safeway UK 



58 dn 2 

£46 3 a up Va 

ay U 
Wates N/P 
Westland F/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 

26 up 2 

bid from Tozer Kemsley, 7p 
up at lOOp. 

Trading conditions were 
ripe for two newcomers. Jar- 
vis Porter, a specialist primer, 
whose I05p offer was over- 
subscribed 97 times, opened at 
165p and finished at 143p, a 
premium of 38p. BPP Hold- 
ings, placed at 160p, started 
life at 183p. 

Stock shortage accounted 
for gains of around 30p in 
Sea pa Group at 491p, F H 
Tomkins 249p and John Wad- 
dmgton 6S5p. Low & Bouar 
rallied 7p to 378p on further 
consideration of last 
Monday's .figures. Parker 
Knoll was lifted another 30p 
to 370p for a similar reason. 

Oils recovered after a press 
report suggesting that the bad 
news had been discounted. BP 
closed at 543p up ISp while 
Shed, reporting tomorrow, 
climbed 17p to 713p. IC Gas, 
a takeover favourite, was up 
20pat 346p. 

Banks were subdued by 
fears of tax penalties in next 
week's Budget. Clearers stayed 
dose to their overnight levels 
but merchant banks were 
stimulated by bumper profits 
from Kleinwort Benson 25p 
higher at 780p. Discount 
houses were firm on cheaper 
money bopes and insurances 
were supported with Son Alli- 
ance at 683p up I8p. 

Among overseas issues. 
Hong Kong and Shanghai 
Bank slipped 2ftp to 68p in 
spite of good profits and scrip 
proposals and Standard Char- 
tered lost Sp to 509p on tin 
trading worries. 

Mixed properties had 
Haslemere down 5p to 628p as 
Rodamco extended rather 
than increased its bid which 
Haslemere later rejected. 
South London development 
plans boosted Spey hawk 2 Op 
to 340p and Clayform did well 

Hong Kong (Agencies) — 
The Hongkong & Shanghai 
Banking Corporation said yes- 
terday it was earmarking hun- 
dreds of millions of dollars for 
possible fosses on doubtful 
loans to the crown colony’s 
hard-hit shipping industry. 

The bank reported disap- 
pointing profits for 1985 and 
blamed the results on shipping 

Two leading Hong Kong 
shipping firms. Orient Over- 
seas and Wall Kwong. have 
been hit by the worldwide 
slump in the industry and 
have asked bankers for help 
with debt problems. 

Mr Michael Sandberg, the 
bank’s chairman, said: “We 
are a bit disappointed. We 

don't see any turnaround for 
the shipping industry yet." 
The bank’s attributable profits 
rose only 5 per cent to 
HKS2.72 billion amid stock 
market predictions of much 
fester growth. 

The final dividend is 
HKS0.3I, up from an adjusted 
HKS0.28, payable on May 13. 
The total payout for the year is 

Profits were also hurt by the 
deepening recession in South- 
east Asia and tire impact of 
falling oil prices on its lending 
in the Middle East 

It predicted higher profits 
this year but warned not to 
take “too rosy” a view due to 
continued economic sluggish- 
ness in the region. 

The directors consider that 
the profitability of the group 
will show a steady increase 
and are confident they can 
recommend at least the same 
dividend as for 1985 
(HKS0.38 per share) on the 
increased capital as proposed. 

The board says the econom- 
ic recovery in the industrial- 
ized countries is forecast to 
pick up, albeit slowly. At the 
same time, concern over ex- 
change rate volatility and 
attempts by the US to reduce 
its trade unbalance indicate 
that the growth of world trade 
wiU probably remain sluggish. 

The combination of these 
factors and the weakness of oil 
and other commodity prices 
are likely to have an adverse 

impact on the economies of 
most Third World nations and 
trading conditions are likely to 
continue to be very difficult. 

The decline of the US dollar 
(and hence the Hong Kong 
dollar) will have a favourable 
effect on exports, which are 
expected to show some 

The board has decided to set 
up a special provision from 
inner reserves against certain 
large shipping exposures. 

In South-east Asia the 
depening economic recession 
towards the year end necessi- 
tated higher-than-expecled 
provisions for doubtful debts 
and consequently sharply low- 
er profits. 

1980 SALES £510m 


Which British company has achieved * 
good results year after year? 

To be continued tomorrow... 

i fit 
i If 




















Shipping slump hits HK bank -i 











5 . 














Choices for change in National Insurance 

The Chancellor's scope for action in the 
Budget is limited. The consensus is that there will be 
no room for a net giveaway next week and that Mr 
Lawson will have to resort to shifting between 
different types of tax- Despite the Substantial reforms 
last year, there is speculation that the Badge! will con- 
tain more National Insurance changes. David Smith, 
Economics Correspondent, looks at the options. 

The Chancellor's main Bud- 
get innovation a year ago was 
in National Insurance contri- 
butions. Will he take things 
further next week? 

The 1985 Budget intro- 
duced a scale of reduced 
contributions, for both em- 
ployers and employees, at the 
lower end of the pay scale. 
Since October, a lower rate of 
S per cent has applied on 
earnings of £35.50 to £55 a 
w eek, rising to 7 per cent in the 
£55 to £9D range. 

Employees pay a top rate of 
9 per cent on ail earnings from 
£90 lo £265 a week, the upper 
earnings limit for contribu- 
tions. Employers pay 9 per 
cent for earnings of £90 to 
£130 a week, and 10.45 per 
cent on all earnings higher 
than that The upper earnings 
limit on employers' contribu- 
tions was lifted in last year's 

The clear intention of the 
changes was to shift the bal- 
ance in favour of taking on 
more people, particularly part- 
time workers and low paid, 
unskilled workers, by cutting 
the cost to firms of employing 

The changes also imposed 
definite financial penalties, on 
both employers and employ- 
ees, upon large pay increases 
and. in the case of Lite removal 
of the upper limit on 
employers* contributions, on 
high salaries per se. 

One criticism of the new 
system was that it introduced 
a series of step changes in 
National Insurance costs, 
which could have the effect of 
locking the low paid perma- 
nently into low pay. 

The new contribution rates 
came into force on October 6 
last year. Although six months 
is too short a period to judge, 
there is little evidence so far of 
any boost to unskilled unem- 
ployment. or any restraining 
influence on pay. 

Jt can be argued that the 
improved trend for unem- 
ployment in the six months to 
November, with no net rise in 
the adult total, was partly due 
to anticipation of the National 
Insurance changes. But the 
deterioration since then, with 
the absence of evidence from 
employers that the new rates 
have influenced employraem 
io effect 

Concerns: Sir Geoffrey Howe sees perks as wasteful while 
Mrs Thatcher is said to be irritated by high City salaries 

decisions, suggests no ' 

On pay, average earnings in 
the economy have been in- 
creasing at an underlying rate 
of 7.5 per cent since the 
middle of 1984. apart from a 
one quarter poiat upward blip 
Iasi September. Neither the 
National Insurance reforms, 
nor variations in the rate of 
inflation appear to have had 
much impact on earnings 

Another expected conse- 
quence of the last Budget, a 
perks boom because of die 
removal of the upper earnings 
limit, has not materialized. 
The logic was that employers, 
suddenly faced with a higher 
National Insurance bill for 
their highly salaried workers, 
would opt for a higher propor- 
tion of non-monetary rewards 


The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 

Incorporated in Hong Kong with limited liability 

Results for 1985 

The Directors announce that (subject to audit I the profit for the year ended 31 December 
1985 attributable lothe shareholders of the Bank was approximately HK$2,7I9 million 
( J984: HKS2.59I million), an increase of 5 percent. The profit was arrived at after 
providing for taxation and after making transfers to inner reserves, out of which provision 
for changes in the value of assets has beer. made. Audited accounts will be published at a 
later date. 

The working profit in most areas was in line with expectations, with the Hong K.on«_ 

operations turning in a particularly good performance. In three ureas however the final 
result was disappointing. In South East Asia the deepening economic recession towards 

the year end necessitated higher than expected provisions for doubtful debts and 

ondly. the accelerating fall in the oil price during 

consequently sharply lower profits. Secondly, 
the second half of the year adversely affected the operations of the British Bank of the 
Middle East: and lastly, conservative provisions incur associated shipping investments 
revuhed in a negative return from these investments. 

The problems of the shipping industry around the world have been well publicised and 

have caused concern to many leading international banks. These problems can no longer 


be regarded as purely cyclical. The Board have therefore decided to set up a special 
provision from inner reserves against certain large shipping exposures. Notwithstanding 
thi*» provision the inner reserves of the Bank have increased and stand higher than they 
did Iasi year. No provisions arc necessary for advances to our associated shipping 

The Directors propose the payment of a final dividendof HKSfi.31 persharc. Together 
with the interim dividend of HKS472 million already paid, the total distribution for 1985 
will amount to HKS1.447 million 11984: HKSl. 31b million), an increase of 10 percent. 

Consolidated Profit and Loss Statement 

For the vear ended 3 1 December 1985 

Net profit of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking 
Corporation and its subsidiary companies 
Share of net profits of associated companies 

Profit attributable to minority interests in 
subsidiary companies 

Profit attributable to (he shareholders of The 
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 

Transfers to reserves 
by the Bank 

by subsidiary' and associated companies 
Dividends paid and proposed 

Balance brought forward 
Transfer to Reserve Fund 
Exchange adjustments 
Retained profits carried forward 

Earnings per share 

Dividends per share 
interim (paid! 

Final (proposed! 

Capitalisation Issue (Bonus Issue! 










CiudilCt!) I»IW willed) 

































( l .3lri) 













16 ) 









£rUNHX$0.86 HKS0.S2 






1 jUiunIcJi 


Ed 03HKS0.3I HK$n.2X 

1 jUiu-jvUi 


dors at (he Ordinary Ycurlv General 

Meeting that a capitalisation issue of shares be made in the proportion of one new share 
for every five shares held on !3May 1986 by the capitalisation of HK$l.572.92h.97H from 
the Reserve Fund of the Bank. If that recommendation is approved, the Reserve Fund 
will be restored by transfers of HK5 1 .lJlJO.O(KLU(X)from inner reserves and 
H KS572.926.67i ffrom retained profits. The capitalisation shares will not rank tor the 
recommended final dividend but w ill rank pari ptusu with existing shares in all other 

(N.B. "Bonus " is now- termed “Capitalisation" in accordance with the requirements or 
The Stock Exchange in London). 

Prospects for 1986 

The economic recovery in the industrialised countries is forecast to pick up, albeit slow ly. 

At the same time concern over exchange rate volatility and attempts by the United States 
lalahcc indicate mat the growth of world trade will nrobablv remain 

to reduceits trade imbalance indicate mat tnc&rowinot worm truck- will pro. _ ... 

sluggish. The combination of these factors andThe weakness of oil and other commodity 
prices are likely to have an adverse impact on the economies of most third world nations 
and iradine conditions are Jikelv to continue to be verv difficult. 

In Kong Kong, though loan demand is weak, the business outlook is still generally 
positive. The decline of the US dollar land hence the HK dollar! will have a favourable 
effect on exports, w hich are expected to show some growth. It is hoped that trade w itli 
China will continue to expand. 

Against this background the Directors consider that profitability of the Group will show a 
steady increase and they are confident of their ability to recommend at least the same 
quantum of dividend as tor 19X5. that is HKSU.38 per share on the increased capital as 

B\ Order of the Board 
FR Frame 

Hons: Rone. I ) March |9Xr» 

The. effect of the National 
Insurance changes announced 
a year ago seem to have had 
litue effect Does ibis mean 
that the Chancellor will leave 
things as they are. consigning 
such reform to the Treasury 
dustbin of bright but unsuc- 
cessful ideas? Or will he 
instead deride that last year’s 
changes, while in the right 
direction, were too timid to 
have the desired effects? 

The latter course, if chosen, 
opens a number of possibili- 
ties. Most prominent is the 
argument that to make it 
attractive for Anns to take on 
lower paid unskilled workers, 
a reduced rate of National 
Insurance contributions is not 
enough, instead contributions 
should be abolished for those 

on less than, say £90 a week. 

There are two problems. 
One is the cost, more than £i 
billion in a full year. The 
second is the sudden move 
from National Insurance ex- 
emption to normal rates of 
contribution, implying very 
high marginal tax rates. 

This could be avoided by 
introducing a smoother scale 
of contribution rates, avoiding 
the present problem of step 
changes, while at the same 
time increasing the pay level 
at which National Insurance 
starts to be paid, by more than 

The Institute for Fiscal 
Studies suggests taking last 
year’s strategy a stage further 
by lowering the rates, to 3 per 
cent for those on £35.50 to £55 
a week, and 6 per cent for 
those earning £55 to £90. 

In this Budget generally, 
and for National Insurance m 
particular, changes have to be 
revenue neutral There is a 
way, albeit a rather painful 
one. that the Chancellor could 
finance National Insurance 
concessions at the bottom of 
the pay scale. This is by 
increasing the National Insur- 
ance take from the better paid. 

This could be achieve! in 
one of two ways. The first is by 
further increasing the penalty 
on employers of having well 
paid workers, by increasing 
tbe top rate of employers' 
contributions from tbe pres- 
ent 1 0.45 per cent. 

The second, and far simpler 
option is to remove tbe upper 
earnings limit on employees 
contributions. People earning 
more than £265 a week, or 
£13,800 a year, would pay 9 
per cent contributions on all 
earnings, the current maxi- 
mum of £265 bring removed. 

The effects of this, apart 
from causing apoplexy at (he 
Institute of Directors, would 
be to restore the top marginal 
rate of personal taxation to 
something like 69 per cent, 
hardly consistent with the 
Government's enterprise cul- 

It might hit those high Gty 
salaries which Mrs Thatcher is 
said to be irritated about But 
it would hit a lot of other, 
managerial and directorial sal- 

This, more than the remov- 
al of the employers’s upper 
limit, could be expected to 
produce a push from employ- 
ees for perks to replace earn- 
ings. When Sir Geoffrey Howe 
was Chancellor, he was partic- 
ularly hard on perks, describ- 
ing them as wasteful and 

The chances are t hat an y 
chang es in National Insurance 
this time will be marginal, and 
probably concentrated at tbe 
lower end of the pay scale. The 
Chancellor will claim that last 
year’s reforms were a good 
thing, which have not had 
time to work through proper- 


Arrow's cash offer for the or- 
dinary shares has closed. Accep- 
tances have been received for 
129,400 shares (1.29 per cent). 
On Jan. 16, 1986, Black Arrow 
acquired S.I2 million ordinary 
shares (5(X8 percent) from Mr A 
Arnold and Mr D Arnold. Black 
Arrow has noi acquired nor 
agreed to acquire any other 
shares since that date. 

PLANTATIONS: Half-year to 
Dec. 31, 1985. Interim dividend 
4 sen gross (8 sen gross), payable 
on March 3. Company figures: 
turnover Malaysian $126.8 mil- 
lion (£50 million), againa 
$(79.3 million. Profit before lax 
$41.7 million ($82.9 million). 
Extraordinary credit $ 140.5 mil- 
lion ($1.2 million). Group fig- 
ures : turnover $333.9 million 
and pretax profit $53.5 millioo. 
Ex traordinary credit $ 1 39.2 mil- 
lion. Extraordinary items relate 

mainly to the surplus from the 
if e 

sale of estate land. Group results 
for the six months to Dec. 3t. 
1985, include Dunlop Malay- 
sian Industries and Kempas 
Edible Oil. Group accounts were 
not applicable for- the six 
months to Dec. 1984. 

WAVE: Interim dividend I.75p 
(same). Half-year to Dec. 31, 
1985. Turnover £4.16 million 
(£3.32 million). Pretax profit 
£134.000 (£220,000). Earnings 
per share 5.4p (I6.7p). The 
board reports that orders have 
matched sales deliveries and at 
the rad of 1985 stood at £11.6 

further 781.250 ordinary shares 
(having a current value of 
£250,000) will be allotted as 
additional consideration. 

The company has acquired a 
portfolio of freehold properties 
at Gravesend and Cbefteoham 
to improve and re-sale within a 
year. The consideration is 
£609.000, provided by a bank 

• BRITISH LAND: Through 
its Irish subsidiary. Arch Prop- 
erties. the company has dis- 
posed of Hawkings House, 
Hawkings Street and College 
House, Townsend Street, Dub- 
lin, for more than Ir£9 million. 
This completes British Land’s 
reorganization of the Rank Q'ty 
Wall Irish portfolio. 

dividend 0.5p, making Ip 
(same, adjusted) for the year to 
Jan. 31, 1986. Pretax revenue 
£1.31 million (£1.33 million). 
Earnings per share 1.16p (1.12p 

• year (about 4.3p>. Gross 
e £6.53 million (£6^7 



million). Earnings per dare 
3.79p (3.04p). 

• TATE & LYLE: Redpalb 
Industries reports that Western 
Sugar, an offshoot of Refined 
Sugars, Redpatb's joint venture 
with Tate &. Lyle, is to purchase 
and operate two sugar beet 
factories in Colorado, for $6 
million (£4.2 million). 

• ELECTROLUX: A revised 
offer to acquire White Consoli- 
dated Industries at $47 a com- 
mon share is being -made, 
compared with the present offer 
of $45. 

GROUP: Final dividend 2.5p, 
making 3.75p, for 1985, com- 
pared with a forecast dividend 
of 3-5p at tbe time of the i 
flotation. Turnover £15.16 m3- 
lion (£1 3.45 million). Profit 
before tax £758.000 (£585,000). 
Earning s per share 8.4Sp j 

• REGENTCREST: Subject to 
shareholders' permission, the 
company is to buy six prop- 
erties, four let and two suitable 
for development They are 
owned by companies in which 
Mr Christopher Chariton, the 
managing director is interested. 
The initial price is £1.68 mil- 
lion. which will be satisfied by 
5.26 million ordinary shares. A 

Contracting and engineering op- 
erations are to be reorganized 
with a new marketing unit as an 
important feature. 

• BARDSEY: A subsidiary, 
Rabone Chesierman, is to ac- 
quire from Howard Wall, the 
assets of the Dean Tape Measur- 
ers division For £170.000. How- 
ard Wall is a subsidiary of 
Ofrex. Dean is the principal 
British manufacturer of non- 
mciallic tape for the worldwide 
haberdashery trade. 

company has acquired Beams, 
formerly port of the Clearwater 
Group, which has two studios at 
Wandsworth, South-west Lon- 

nal dividend 2p, making 3.75p 
- a 25 per cent increase — for the 
year to Jan. 31, 1986. Present 
indications suggest that tbe 
board will be able to recom- 
mend an increase in the total 
dividend of 15 per cent for the 

• PHlCOM: Final dividend: 
0.75p (0.75p), payable on June j 
2, making I.lp (same) tor 1985. 
Turnover £45.53 million 
(£42.97 million). Pretax profit: 
£2.1 mOlho (£3.61 tnSlioa). 

Extraordinary debit £1.64 mil-1 
bon (credit£i.92 million). Earth- 1 

jngs per share 2p (4.6pX 
GREGGS: Afinaldivic 

videndof | 
id on May 30, 
for 1985. 
(£41.48 minion). Pretax profit 
£2.65 million (£1.92 million). 
Earnings per -share -14w0pj 
(1 l-3p). 

• LOW & BON AR: Final divi- 

dend 6_5p, making 9.5p (8p 
adjusted) for tbe year to Nov. 
30, 1985. Sales £l74.8 minion 

(£197.67 million). Pretax profit , 
(£1 1.48 million). 

£13.32 million (i 
Earnings per share 36.76p 
(36.05p adjusted). The board 
reports that 1986 has started 
well both for the existing busi- 
nesses and the recently-acquired 
Bern -use Packaging and Cole 
companies and it is confident of | 
the o> tcomeYor the year. 

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 

Incorporated in Hong Kong with limited liability 

Ordinary Yearly 
General Meeting 

Notice is hereby given thal the Ordinary Yearly General Meeting of the shareholders of the Bank 
will be held in the City Hall. Hong Kong, at 2.311 pm on Tuesday 13 May lVKb to transact the 

following ordinary business: 

1 to receive and consider the Profit and Loss Account, the Balance Sheet and the Reports of 
i he Directors and of the Auditors for the year ended 31 December FUSS and to declare a final 


2 to elect Directors; and 

3 to appoint Auditors and fix their remuneration 

and (» consider and (if thought fit ) pass the following Ordinary Resolutions by way of special 

4 Thai: 

(a) it is desirable to capitalise the sum of HKS 1.572 .920.970 from the Reserve Fundorthe 
Ban k and that accordingly the said sum be capi talised and applied in payment in full for 
fi29.17ll.7bSunissucd shard, of the Bank ol HK$2.5Ueaeh; 

(b) such new shares, credited as fully paid, be distributed among the shareholders who on 
1 3 May were registered shareholders of the Bank in the proportion of one new 

share for every five shares then held by them respectively, 

(c) such new shares shall in all respects rank pari passu with the existing shares or the Bank 
except that they shall not rank for dividends for the yearended 31 December 1 985: 

(d) the Board be and is hereby authorised to allot and issucsuch new shares (or distribution 
in the manner and proportion aforesaid, but so that shares representing fractions shall 
be sold and the net proceeds retained for the benefit of the Bank; ami 

5 That a general mandate he and is hereby unconditionally given to the Directors to issue and 
dispose of additional shares not exceeding One percent olthe issued share capital of the Bank. 

By Ordcrof the Board 
F R Frame 

Hong Kong. 1 1 March 1986 

ill 7. if i >! SVt/rWi, nil! />,• ,•/, n(t l j n mi J/ April imt ,l /j ufay /qjjjj fboih (turn inclusive!. In 

i/it.ifil i U»iliriintil ■livirleniJ mu J tin - , iipituhvition issue. nil iruntfers tutcntupanied by thenkww share 
ivntht u/i \ t rmnr,'n- A n ah the nut Inter than -fJMlpni un HfApnltmSQ. 

New chairman for 

Harobros Bank: Mr Gaps 
Keswick has been made chair- 
man and dtifif awcimvejauo 

Mr J D Blnmsoa, Mr T F 
Candy. Mr C JG E 
palmstienm, Mr 8 A Thomas, 
Mr R A Thomson, Mr 3K T 
Williams and Mr CE WDson 
have become directors- 


Investments; . Mr Michael 
Cosunnos has joined the 

RS Components: Mr Grant 
F Babey has “'been appointed 
to the board. 

. Clarkson Ptickfc Group; Mr 
Christopher Burgess has 
joined the board. 

Ricardo Consulting Engi- 
neers: Pr Aba Radge has 
become a iron-executive direc- 


' I 

International Ferry Freight 
~ t, Mr Rudolf 

Mr Mike Egan, above, has 
become a director of Brantford 
Internationa^ die frehtht far- 

Halma: Mr R C Combfey 
and Mr G Bol have joined the 

Dixons Group: Mr Egon 
von Greyer* has been appoint- 
ed vice-chairman and Mr 
Mark Soahami group manag- 
ing director. 

Wardk Storeys: Mr Edward 
Thompson is to be finance 

Property & Reversionary 

Mr Roger Gale, 

OtteoMf and Mr John 
Staptehurst have joined tbe 

Cinys: Mr Roger Wood has 
joined the board. ■ . - 

Dennis and Geminlc Mr 
Stephen . Gattfiefe has been 
appointed a direetta - . 

Radamcc Group: Mr Chris- 
topher Jones has joined the 
board as group finance direc- 
tor and Mj Anthony Crosse 
and Mr Anthony Stnker also 
.join, the board. 

Yates Manu&cturinp Br 
Howard H Monks has been 
appointed, president. 

Coro Metals (UK): - Mr 
David C Hogan is to be a 

Gate (UKh Mr Hats 
Jfkfeohsso* becomes deputy 
managing director and Mr 
Qra Evans director, tiCafing. 

Touche -Remnant Unit 
Trust Management: Mr 
Mstjs Hove has been ap- 
pointed a director. . 


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Putting people first since 1830 

156th Annna l General 


to receive and consider the Directors* Report, the 



.By order ofthe Board 

12th March 1986 

J. *1* 

i > . ’ - 

-7*. -•* 

, 'f . "V 

* ^ fr 

MM 12, 1986 
By Edward Fennell 






? w 

' C* ■ . 

; . . - ■!■ 

' • . •'* ■ 


ifrr , % : .Hh- d 

!l" ‘T “ * — 4 7 -i. 

' P- C-. • 

- rv-i -2 
n ■•' ■ j-rr ;■ r - . 

need to 

W hen the engineering 
industry’s top &&- 
Sion- makers get togEJtfi- . 
er at the W inning - 
Maqjin Conference on 
March 23 and 24, it is notgoing to be 
a ritual back-slapping event Alter 
decades of difficulty the prevailing 
mood in the industry is one of grim 

The fight to regain prestige and 
market share has a long way to go. ■ 
The regeneration of the engineering 
base, with its need for investment in 
new technology and new skills, is still 
in its early stages. 

Consequently, there is tittle chance 
of complacency from Lord Young, 
Norman Willis or captains of indus- 
try, such as Sir Francis Tombs, John 
Egan and Sir Dennis Rooke, when 
they address their audience of fellow 
Industrialists on the crucial need for 
investment in engineering -training. 
Instead there will be calls for action 
already long overdue. 

High-powered drive for .• 
greater commitment 

Bill Fnggeps, of the. Engineering 
Industry Training Board (EITB); 
which is organizing the conference; 
says: “With some notable exceptions, 
the industry has not gqta good record 
on training. It is our arm to bring this 
truth', home to the audience and 
encourage them, to do some thing 
about it.” ■ 

.For the board, the conference 
represents-" a - concerted attack on - 
complacency at the lop of our bey 
engineering companies; it is the start 
of a high-powered, high-profile and 
sometimes controversial campaign to 
lead the engineering industry to a new 

on the 

Rebels usually come down 
from the hills. But it is feom 
the sixth floor of the Depart- 
ment of Employment that the 
Secretary of State Lord • 

Young, keynote speaker at the 
EfTB’s Winning Margin cot-.. . 

Terence, decends to lead bis . 

persona] revolt against genera- 
tions of entrenched privilege . Lord 
and prejudice. 

With great vigour he cam- somg 
paigns against what be sees as a °°y 
the harmful social attitudes of 
the British - GendemanJiness “ K 
(with its hostility to industry), UKtm ; 
Academic Snobbishness PPPm 
(which despises the “applied”) ? v ® rs 


Superiority (wbiebdisdains to 
swot or train hard). “ 

Together these factors have *> al ^ 
sapped the will to make 
Britain a successful manufac- . Bn1 
luring and trading nation. - c 

Other countries, of course, j™™ 
are not subject to these influ- necau 
ends. Lord Young says: “Be- 
fore the Fust World War the ® hj" 
University of Bir m i n g h a m , ■ Me 

level of commitment to training. 

The-backgrpupd toihe conference 
is bleak. During the' past couple of 
years there .-have been important 
reports from organizations such as 
the Manpower- Services Commission 
. and the National Economic Develop- 
ment Office, which demonstrate that 
compared with our more successful 
trading rivals, we- spend little on : 
training. The relationship between a 
- well-trained, well-qualified work' 
force and. profitability has been 
demonstrated irrefutably. 

Yet somehow the message has not 
been “acted om 'There ~ has been 
consistent shortsightedness based on 
expediency, which has led to the 
running-down of training pro- 
grammes. In the year since 1978, for 
example, training in engineering has 
falloi significantly. There is now less 
training per person than at any time 
in recent history: And despite the 
skills crisis in electronics and infor- 
mation technology, there is stfil no 
widespread sense of urgency. 

That is the problem the Winning 
Margin Conference will tackle. It is 
also the problem the training board 
tackles every day. As the Govern- 
ment-appointed body with the re- 
sponsibility for setting standards and 
monitoring training, h is not in a 
comfortable position. Inevitably 
some of the blame for the failure to 
train has rubbed off on the board. 

Yet in practice it has little power to 
go out-and change things directly. “At 
the end of the day,” says Mr 
-Friggens,“it is the individual engi- 
neering companies which makes the 
decisions on investing in training. All 

we can do at tbeboard is to encourage 

them, persuade them and then pro- 
vide the training expertise on how 

Though the position is far from 

satisfactory, there are grounds for 
hope. The new realism that runs 
.through many companies has also 
focussed attention on the significance 
of training. In particular, the intro- 
duction of advanced technology bas 
meant that many companies have 
been faced, inescapably, with the 
need to train and equip staff with the 
skills needed to operate the new 
systems. {At Austin Rover for exam- 
ple, training has played a crucial part 
in the overall strategy of introducing 
automation and computerized sys- 

The EITB has set up new ad- 
vanced-technology training, which is 
specifically geared to helping compa- 
nies meet their new skill require- 
ments. And this is just one part of the 
regained confidence and determina- 
tion which increasingly characterizes 
the policies of the board. A corporate 
business plan has just been drawn up 
which identifies the key issues faring 
the industry and lays down an agenda 

Updating of skills is vital 
throughout a company 

for action. 

Pennant Jones a senior officer with 
the board and a veteran of its many 
ups-and-downs. commented: “There 
is a new zest and excitement in the 
boards. with dear objectives and a 
feeling that we're on our way up 

From the board’s viewpoint, just as 
much as the industry's, the last 13 
years have not been easy. The 
situation has been complicated by 
successive changes in its finding 
arrangements (aLiemaiely from in- 
dustry to government and back to 
industry again) accompanied by ma- 

jor reviews of whether it should exist 
at all. 

Thai it has survived and is now set 
for a dynamic future 
reflects the fact that there have been a 
number of achievements as well as 
setbacks. For example, the EITB was 
the first training body to lay down 
precise standards for craft and techni- 
cian level training and led the move 
away from traditional “time-serving' 

It also pioneered the concept that 
training was not. by itself, enough, 
but that it should be seen as part of 
long-term manpower planning and 
take account of a company’s strategic 
skill needs. Furthermore the board 
has campaigned for training for 
managers, supervisors and shop-floor 
workers, underlining the feet that the 
up-dating of skills is necessary at a// 
levels of a company. 

The board 

hopes to forge a closer relationship 
between its craft and technician 
apprenticeship system and the 
Government's Youth Training 
Scheme. It still needs to work out the 
sometimes-conflicting jobs of both 
leading and serving the engineering 
industry on training matters but the 
path-finding work it is now doing in 
areas such as surface-mount technol- 
ogy suggests that leadership through 
example will increasingly be its style. 

The Engineering Careers Informa- 
tion Service is a major service of the 
EITB and has for years been the 
standard-bearer for the industry’ in 
the classrooms, lecture theatres and 
careers libraries of the nation's 
schools. If the EITB’s achievements 
match its ambitions, the ECIS's job of 
spreading the good news about 
British engineering to the country's 
young people should be made a lot 

Computer integrated technol- 
ogy — CIM — has been called 
the most promising technology 
of the late 20th century and 
Cranfield Institute of Technol- 
ogy has founded a CIM insti- 
tute at its Bedfordshire 
campus to research and teach 
the subject. Above, Simon 
McGrath, right, works in the 
robotics laboratory with the 
institute's associate professor. 

On the button 
at Cranfield 

Dr Peter Sackett. IBM is 
proriding the institute with £3 
million for computer hard- 
ware; software and other help. 
Dr Sackett said the institute 
already has 200 post-graduate 
students, who will carry out 

work of “direct relevance” to 
their industrial sponsors. He 
added: “Computer integrated 
manufacture creates the 
means for manufacturing com- 
panies to achieve a competitive 
market position. The CIM 
masters-degree programme 
will provide young engineers 
able to realize the current and 
future potential of this rapidly 
changing technology .” 

Lord Yorang: Campaigning ' Bill Friggens: TJad recortF 

going against the trend, set up 
a course in business manage- 
ment. Unfortunately it attract- 
ed 1 few . recruits from local 
industry. However it was very 
popular with students from 
overseas who flocked to it — 

contingent from Japan. 

“This was over 70 years ago, 
so attitudes have not changed 
much since.” 

British industry is now fry- 
ing desperately to recover 
from this history of neglect. 
Because the task is so enor- 
mous Lord Young is a man in 
a huny. 

He says: “In the past four 



stall shortage. 

fff. 1 . 1-'L1 »rT»T? \£l+ j£&J£Li'ali 

aJJS^SsarSSS5 understanding of changing 
needsand priorities. 

Tote^vapping" between 
industrial execute 



inckiding videos, 5? chin9 

t~i < fr v; LV 

years we’ve introduced the 
Youth Training Scheme for 16 1 
and 17 year-old school-leav- 
ers, the Technical and Voca- 
tional Education Initiative for 
14 to 18 year-olds, and we now 
have our major Review of 

These are major achievements 
in such a short time.” 

All three are vital to create 
the kind of mobile, skilled 
(and re-skilled) workforce 
needed to keep abreast of the 
chang ing demands of manu- 
facturing industry. 

Now that so many big 
organizations are backing the 
new two-year scheme, the 
signs are that it is achieving 
acceptance and credibility. 

Companies such as IQ, 
which originally came in, on 
some of their sites, purely for 
soda! reasons are beginning to 
take trainees into proper per- 
manent jobs. Meanwhile, 
where engineering is con- 
cerned; the EITB is giving its 
backing to YTS. 

Lord Young points with 
satisfaction to the increasing 
number of young people 
showing interest in the possi- 
bilities of self-employment 
and starting small businesses. 

In higher education he wel- 
comes moves by institutions 
such as Salford . and Aston 
Universities and Cranfield In- 
stitute of Technology to set up 
closer links with industry and 
to run courses that respond to 
the needs ofthe marketplace. 

Yet this, in his view, is just 
the smallest startAt a broader 
level many of his hopes are 
now focused on the compre- 
hensive Review of Vocational 
Qualifications by Oscar de 

Hopes for a new 

s kill framework 

Ville. It will. Lord Young 
hopes, lay down a framework 
for recognizing skills and com- 
petencies across all industries 
and for all ages - including, 
perhaps at a later stage, a 
network of centres of compe- 
tence (rather like driving test 
centres) where people could be 
tested in vocational skills and 
be awarded a certificate which 
recognized their skills. 

Changing attitudes and set- 
ting up the institutional infia- 
. structure to make it all happen 
will take time. The Govern- 
ment, of course, does not 

agrees with the conclusions 
the Coopers and Lybrand 
reports Challenge to Compla- 
cency that “it will not be easy 
to persuade employers to in- 
vest in training”. 

There are no signs though 
that his energy is flagging. 
Complacent Gentility will be 
under siege for. as long as Lord 
Young holds office. 

You face fierce competition, fast changing technology new 
products* new processes. Your organisation needs to keep pace 
with a changing environment. Training your human resources to 
increase their level of competence is not just sound business 
sense — it’s vital! Engineering skills are needed more and more 
widely and that's where we can help. We are experts in 
designing and developing innovative and effective training — 
training that can help your investment in people pay real 
dividends. Increased competence means improved compe- 
titiveness and higher profitability. 

How we can help you 

Vte have aver 300 experienced professional training advisors 
working from our regional offices all over the U.K. They are 
available to help you:— 

— adapt to technological change 
— improve the level of skills in your company 
— introduce innovative training methods 
—increase your stock of trained personnel at all levels. 

Wfefre your Training Board, and we can help you to arrive at the 
right solution for your company — whether if s helping to make 
the two-year YTS scheme work for Engineering, or using our 
Advanced Technology Training specialists to identify your needs 
and find the righttraining solution. 

For instance, do you know about our: 

— Open learning video packs for CAD 
— Fellowships in Manufacturing Management 
—Fellowships in Systems Management 
— Sector profiles of employment and economic trends 
-Grants to stimulate High-Tech training for adults 
, — Engineering Careers Information Service. 

Industry Year 
As part of our contribution to Industry Yeai; we have organised 
a major national conference— "The Winning Margin" —which 
will bring together the best practice in human resource 
development world-wide, and help discover how British 
manufacturing can compete in this area more effectively. "The 
Winning Margin" will show whatthe competition is up to and 
how we should be responding, and we'll be following it up 
with local seminars on the same subject throughout Britain, to 
help spread the message. 

Is it later than you think? 

Vfe know that training provides the edge over competition. It 
is not a luxury to be indulged in when times are good. In the 
1990s ; we believe only the learning company will succeed. 

Why not phone one of our regional offices now, and learn haw 
we can help you to keep pace with the competition. 


Leeds 0532.732211 
Manchester 061.2733871 
Birmingham 021.3567251 






01.681 6031 

EITB Headquarters 
54 Clarendon Road 
Watford, Herts WDT TLB 
TeL 0923-38441 



Training Board 

^ }SLa ] 













ENGINEERING CHANGE is the Business & Technician 
Education Council's main contribution to industry Year '86. 
Its overall theme is: 

"BTEC at the interface with industry and education - 
identifying and meeting the needs of industry". 

Through its ENGINEERING CHANGE conferences BTEC will 
bring together representatives from industry and colleges to 
identify new requirements for education and training. 
Employers will be encouraged to play a greater part in 
ensuring that college courses keep abreast of the new 
technologies, and to offer members of college staffs the 
opportunity to up date their industrial experience. 

It is vttaHy important that employers play their part; please 
contact the BTEC Public Relations Office to say which 
conference you would like to attend. 


(founded, as the Concrete Institute. 1908. incorporated by Royal 
Charter. 1934) 

is the only qualifying body and teamed society in the world con- 
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may be subjected’ 

Its toul membership of 16.000 in the UK and overseas consists of 
Chartered and Technician Engineers, as well as Students and Grad- 
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sary to qualify as a Chartered Structural Engineer (MIStructE) or a 
Structural Technician Engineer (AMIStxuciE). 

Full details of routes to the various classes of membership are given 
in Gnkle to admission as a corporate member and Guide to admis- 
sion as an Associate-Member available from The Institution of 
Structural Engineers. II Upper Belgrave Street, London SWIX 
8BH (let OI-Z35 4535) 


The School of Mechanical Engineering 
offers you accelerated career prospects 
through its well-recognised M.Sc. & Ph.D. courses in: 

• Energy and Buildings 

• Energy Conservation and the 

• Energy Studies 

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• Finite Element Stress and 
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• Thermal Power (with the 
following options) 

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Engineering and 
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Further particulars, including details ol BURSARIES and SCHOLARSHIPS. May 
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I Engineering, CranfiekJ Institute oi Technology FREEPOST Cianfidd. Bedford, 
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If so, have you considered Open Learning to 
solve the problem? 

Open Learning is flexible, friendly and cost 
effective. It allows trainees to train or update 
themselves at a time, place and pace to suit 

Interested? Then contact Peter Lucas, 
Director of Wariey Open Tech Unit, Wariey 
College of Technology Pound Road, Wariey 
Sandwell, W Midlands. Tel: 021 -544 7446. 





Exciting new aid revised courses 
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Kingston upon Thames, Surrey KT2 6 LA 
Telephone 01-549 0151 ext 241 


«“ of Higher Education 

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Time for interactive 

Name two fields In which 
Britain can still claim a place 
in the world's first division: 
Television? Yes, certainly. 
And software design? Quite 

Both of these skills are now 
being focussed on the making 
of interactive video for train- 
ing purposes. The well-estab- 
lished native talent for 
conveying complex ideas in a 
clear but exciting way — so 
well demonstrated m a genera- 
tion of science programmes — 
is being extended and en- 
hanced by the flexible 
“programmability’’ of the vid- 
eo disc. Britain might not have 
invented the technology, but 
at least we can cash in on its 
applications. ■ 

One of the companies which 
has been set up to develop 
training through videodisc is 

(he eponymous Videodisc 
Company, which brings to- 
gether Michael Blakstad, for- 
mer award-winning editor of 
Tomorrow 's World , 

Hawkshead (a TV and video 
production company) and re-, 
search staff of the design 
information research unit at 
Portsmouth Polytechnic. 

According to Mike Harri- 
son, executive producer for 
the Videodisc Company, the 
time has come when the 
novelty of inter-activity is 
wearing off and henceforward 
the medium will stand or fell 
by the calibre of the content. 

Mr Harrison says: “A train- 
ing package isn't necessarily 
good because it’s delivered by 
inter-active video. It is the 
quality of the ideas it contains 
that really cornu.” 

What distinguishes The 

Videodisc Company from 
most of its rivals is that it has 
taken the flexibility of the 
videodisc to its logical conclu- 
sion by programming in a 
“spectrum” of learning styfcs. 

‘Mr Harrison adds: “Re- 
search on how people learn 
has shown roughly four main 
stiles. There’s the activist 
who wants to get into the 
material quickly and receive 
quick feedback, the theorist, 
who is logical and disciplined, 
the pragmatist, for whom 
practical techniques are mo* 
important, and the reflector, 
who wants plenty of infla- 
tion and to think carefully 
before doing anything” . 

In most training packages 
everybody has to go down the 
same trade, with the result that 
the wrong style is being used 

for about three-quarters of the 
trainees. By taking advantage 
of the programmable flexibib- 
iv ofibc videodisc, however, it 
is posable to diagnose an 
individual trainee's optimum 
learning sty le and present the 
material in that way. 

Engineering training is ex- 
pected to provide rich oppor* 
(unities for the imcr-active 

Mr Harrison says: “inteiac- 
live video ‘has. already been 
used extensively on the up- 
dating of skills among motor 
mechanics and. it has a. wide 
range of app&cations among 

maintenance staff generally, it 
will be tike having a compre- 
hensive manual which tells 
you exactly what to do and 
also incorporates full sound- 
effects and moving pictures." 

It may be hard to swallow but 
perhaps one of the reasons 
training has been neglected in 
Britain is that a lotofii has not 
been good. Too often training 
courses are viewed as being 
remote from the real job. 

A great contribution to this 
has been made in the last few 
years by the Testing Services 
unit at the City and Guilds of 
London Institute. Not, it 
should be made dear, that the 
unit is expert on training as 
such — like toe rest of the City 
and Guilds of London Insti- 
tute its professional skills lie in 
the setting of examinations 
and assessments. 

But by providing a custom- 
ized service to individual 
industrial and commercial cli- 
ents, CGLI Testing Services 
has set standards of perfor- 
mance that relate specifically 
to the skills needed by crafts 
people and technicians in their 
jobs. The immediate result is 
that training becomes better 
targetted on what is needed in 

Making training 
fit fee job 

■ .v 

Testing Services starts from 
the simple questions, what do 
you need to know, what do 
you have to be able to do and 
to what standard in order to 
perform a task satisfactorily. 
Only once you have got dear 
and comprehensive answers 
to the questions can you start 
to devise tests that measure 
effectively the trainee's ability. 

Perhaps surprisingly, these 
simple but fundamental ques- 
tions have often been over- 
looked by trainers. Time after 
time, the task-needs analysis 
and evaluation of perfor- 
mance standards undertaken 
by Testing Services has re- 
vealed that traditional train- 

Compnter trainee at City and Gmhte of . London Institute 

ing methods are not preparing recdfitly undertaken by Test- 
trainees for tiie jobs which, ing Services vtas on behalf of 
they wfll do either in content the Chemicals Industr y Asst * 
method or quality. ciation, which has the ovexaB 

Hardy Jones, who beads the responsibility for the trainin g 
lit says: “Our policy is to standards of people working 

in chemical plants, 

A few yeais ago the associa- 
tion decided to shift its craft 
apprenticeship scheme for 
maintenance engineers away 
from traditional time-serving 
and towards a system based 
on recognized standards of 
performance. Not having- the 
expertise to do this, himself 
Bill McNichoL the CIA's 
training expert, turned to City 
and Guilds for help. ' 

. After extensive surveys in- 
volving most of the big petro- 
chemical companies. Testing 
Se vices came up with a range 
of detailed objectives in the 
four key work areas: mechani- 
cal fabrication, instruments 

unit, . 

work very closely with clients 
in drawing up their tests. 
We’re offering industry-led 
training and assessment be- 
cause individual companies 
are the best experts on their 

In effect, the tests and 
assessments laid down by the 
uni t provide a kind of com- 
pass point for the trainers to 
aim for. So long as they are 
working towards the tasks and 
standards laid down by Test- 
ing Services, they can be 
confident they are covering 
the ground and leaching die 
slrifls to the standards needed 
by the job. 

One of the biggest projects 

and controls axid eleccrica! and 
electronics. . 

The powerful feature of 
these objectives .was lhaA 
working methods and stan- 
dards could be measured in 
practice, with the additional 
benefit that the test could be 
takes when it was fell the 
Trainee had reached tire re- 
quired standard. 

The benefits of the Testing 
Services app roach are enor- 
mous. Trainees know -exactly 
what they are aiming for. .411 
the trainee is .specifically 
relevant to the job. There is no 
doubt car uncertainty about the 
standards which must be 
reached. The overall result is 
that effective trabting is seen 
by everyone as befog the key 
to getting the job dotre proper- 
ly. .. ♦ 

Mr Tories is finding now 
that more and more clients 
across a wide span of indus- 
tries are becoming interested 
in using his tedxmques L Com- 
panies as diverse as . Ford. 
Woolworthu and Roneo 
Alcatel as well as organiza- 
tions such as YTS Managing 
Agents and the Glass and 
Glazing Federation have al- 
ready undertaken projects 
with Testing Services. 

Mr Jones said: “We’re offer- 
ing a flexible, cost effective 
service which also enjoys a lot 
of credibility because of City 
and Guilds history. Our ap- 
proach is firmly based on 
industry Ted training, and as- 

“Of course, setting the right* 
kind of tests does not by itselr 
solve all your training prob- 
lems but it prorides an excel- 
lent foundation from which to 


Often the newcomer is in the 
best position to deliver the 
hard-to-take home truths. 

And that has, without 
doubt, become the role of the 
Engineering Council Just four 
years old it has developed the 
knack of expressing the kind 
of radical judgments about the 
state of engineering education 
and training that older organi- 
zations would find too sensi- 

By coming in as a new force, 
the council has been well- 
placed to campaign for big 
changes in the system of 
vocational education for 
young engineers. 

The Engineering Council is 
an independent body, estab- 
lished by Royal Charier, with 
tire job of advancing the 
education and training of 
engineers and technologists. It 
has three main objectives; to 
improve public awareness of 
the importance of engineering, 
to improve the supply of 
qualified engineers and tech- 
nologists and to set up and 

with an 
eye on 

Dr Kenneth MOtei: 
Training most be 
broad-based to 
allow technicians 
specialized skills 

maintain professional, educa- 
tional. and training standards. 

ft is a watchdog for the 
professions — and its bark is 
now being loudly beard. 

Dr Kenneth Miller. Direc- 
tor General of the Engineering 
Council and former engineer- 
ing adviser to the main board 
of ICL, said: “I believe that 
until very recently there was 
great complacency about the 
seriousness of the decline of 
our engineering industry. Be- 

cause of North Sea we 
have been shielded from the 
foil effects of falling market- 
share. There is now only a 
tittle time left for us to rebuild 
and recover". 

Dr Miller is convinced that 
in the long term there has to be 
a fundamental restructuring of 
the engineering base of the 
country. There needs to be 
pro-industry rather than an 
anti-industry culture _ and 
more young people seeking 

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We should be talking to each other. 


and getting engineering quali- 

Engineering training ilselC 
says Dr Miller, must be broad- 
er-based to make it easier for 
graduates and technicians to 
build on specialized skills. 

A serious problem for many 
engineering students in higher 
education is that their course 
are not sufficiently indusuial- 
ty-rdeyant. The engineering 
disciplines are seen more in# 
terms of an a ca d e mi c exercise 
than as a preparation for a . 
competitive business world. 

Unfortunately it is hard to 
persuade some universities to 
move with the times; one of 
the Engineering Council’s 
most innovatory suggestions 
is that there should he more 
direct allocations of money to 
the universities, actually spec- 
ifying what the money should 
be spent on. The Council 
considers that the ' . less 
favourable treatment often 
given to the polytechnic engi- 
neering courses should end. 

. But changing the engineer- 
ing base, persuading more 
women to enter engineering ▼ 
.and shifting public attitudes 
; and prejudices is going to he a 
‘ long process. More immediate 
expedients are needed to get 
the industry through its 
present problems. - • 

Certainly, the: council has 
come up with a. n umb er of 
ideas for older students to help 
them reach the standard need- 
ed for a degree or Higher 
Diploma course, which have 
the merits of being a ample 
and pragmatic response to .an 
urgent problem. 

The other key factor for foe 
survival of the industry is an 
extensive programme of con-’A 
nnuous education and. train- 
ing. In no. career area more 
than engineering does foe 
basic professional knowledge . 
outdare so quickly. 

The council says: w The new 
technological -developments 
me now taking place to repidly 
that to remain competitive in 
1 world markets, . industrial 
companies need engineers and 
technicians who are up to date 
and able. to take a leading role 
ra bringing about technologi- 
cal changes. To succeed in 
this, even greater emphasis 
must be placed on their con- 4ft 
tin uxug education and” 
training*, . 

IV Miller is urging universi- 
ties, polytechnics, and colleges 
of tim ber education to get to 
grips with foe problems of 
providing short, flexible-,, 
modular courses for industry. 

, He predids that open leant- 
mg will ha vean enormous role 
to play, m this area. 

..He has no illosioss about 
.the difficulty of achieving 0 . 
these lands .of changes in 
British society. In the same 
way as there is a. prevailing 
anti-industry culture Dr 
Mifler detects that There is- an 
anti-training attitude at. foe 
top of many.; of. .our' major 
compani es . 

-;i’ - 



■•v •• 

Open door 
to open 

The re , are not nuny fidds in 
which Britain can ddm-a 
worid l^d^m^indnstria] tram- 

Opcn learning allows people 
to train at a lime, place and 
pace convenient for them — 
and their employers. By n«ang 
new-style learning media ssefa 
as computer programmes, in- 
ter-active video and.carefully- 

, 3UIA.UU6U icAia, upcu it anmiij 

can be undertaken at the 

workplace, in an open teaming 

“tr aining centre" or even at 

The trainee is freed of the 

need to attend classes or tea vet 
to tutorials at set times. And 
the training itset£ nine times 
out of H), is better than the 
traditional mpthoris 

Open teaming is developing 
fast in this country. It has been 
taken up on an experimental 
basis by most leading compa- 
nies and has quickly won 
praise and enthusiastic partic- 

Not only does it get over 
many of : the logistical ptobh 
terns which have handicapped 
traditional training methods^ 
it has shown that it can make aj 
key contribution , to up-dating 
sicilfe and introducing people! 
to new technology, to compete 
ers, and to management train-' 

- ' 

' 'C& 

Co-operation: British stndent, Japanese instructor at the Matsushita technical centre 



Secrets that put Japan 
in the Olympic class 

It is now accepted that you how their designs will be 
cannot transplant Japanese built” 
methods wholesale into the The rewards of such rodus- 
social and cultural dimate of trial training were apparent 
the United Kingdom. But when Britain competed with 
japan can still teach us a Mother top industrial nation 

in ran d that includes training, in die International Skill 

Olympics in Osaka last year. 

Colin Leahy, managing di- Japan won either a gold or 
rector at Matsushita’s Cardiff silver meda^e^h ofto 
plant, which produces tele- nine eate^nes (Korra aguah 
phones, television sets Mid ly feed bettarj.Bntam foiled 
stereo systems, pm point to win one medaL 
quickly to one idea which And as it happened, the 
rouid produce quids: results, competition was held jjje 
**In Jaoan.” be says, “graduate local-and-overseas training 
eSiS’siSd to SS few school of the Matsushite rom- 
yeare*!* their career on the pany, which manyBmons 
shop floor. Only in that way tpt attended w>xfote and 
can they really understand sharpen their technical stalls. 




• Process Technology 

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OUR COURSES... a™ ideal for training and 
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of Higher Education, Humber Lodge. 61 Bargate, 
Grimsby. DN34 5AA Telephone 0472 74140 

How Britain puts the vim in CIM 

Pioneering open learning m} 
Britain, has been the Open: 
Tech Unit of the Manpower] 
Services Commission. With a! 
£46 million budget, it has set 
more than 100 "mod eT open-i 
teaming schemes and in- 
volved leading ‘ companies? 
such as Trust House Forte: 
Austin Rover, ICI and Lucas. I 

In most cases that will alsc 
indude some tutorial support 

Though there are many practi-j 

cal differences between thej 
“open tech” and the Openj 
University, they share the 
belief that you cannot dis-> 
pense completely with the 
human teacher. 

Probably the dearest sign 

that open learning has reached 

take-off point is that the first 
big conference and exhibition 
on open-' learning, .* Spring 
Open, is being, held at the 
Novotd Exhflntion Gentre at 
Hammersmith, west Lond on , 
on April 29 and 30. . 

All the signs are that 1986 is 
going to become the year of 
CUM. The acronym stands for 
computer integrated manufac- 
turing but, iimike its cousins 
such as CAD, CAM, and CAE, 
CIM is being immediately 
distinguished by having a 
number , of centres and insti- 
tutes set up in its name. 

A CIM institute has been 
launched at Cranfield Insti- 
tute ofTechncflogy, with mon- 
ey from IBM. under the 
direction of Sir Henry Quiver 
and a centre is being opened 
soon at Kingston Polytechnic 
near London. And there are 
OM developments at War- 
wick University (also funded 
by IBM). - . 

The two Glasgow universi- 
ties — Strathcykle and Glas- 
gow — are also, expected to 
a tending role in COME 
developments stimulated by 
the proximity of the 
man ufacturing plant at Gree- 

Cars importance however 
is not just marked by the 

computers, robotics, and auto- petitors. If British industry is 
matww going to make the most of its 

. investment in robots and 

. investment m rooois ana 

As Professor Wilfred computers it must develop 
Heginbolham (until recently managers who are welt-versed 
director general of the Produc- jh the CIM disciplines. 
fiAn PnmuMHmw ResBirfih' As- 

uvu ii npiii ww> «n p 

sociation) commented! ju ■« iviugsiuu auu 
“Robots will show up, often Cranfidd are furthest down 
cameDy, the of the line of getting their opera- 

ritors. If British industry is ate work, die thrust of the 
ling to make the most or its entre will be towards provid- 
vestment in robots and ing a service for industrial 
imputers it must develop clients, 
anagers who are well-versed Rather than being an aca- 
i the CIM disciplines. demic institution which does a 

bit of “industrial work on the 
So far Kingston and side it expects to be fiiDy 

«u AiHkact Hraun mvnlvMl orilh itli Hlfillt!! WOtk- 

ments specializing in its study. 

The need for OM exp ertise 
is also being emphasized with 
increasing frequency in job- 
advertisements as well as be- 
ing underlined by articles in 
magazines Eke the Design 
Council's Design Engineer. 

cal flavour of the month- CIM 
is the future. . . # 

The flurry of excitement 
and anxiety caused by CIM 
represents, perhaps, theend of 
the age of innocence about 

UUGI1J, UiU r w« uiw uiiw v» ““ — d — 

production systems and their tions going. At Cranfidd they years, as 

human . — . . — — 

IStoTto The thrust of the centre will be to pro vide 

computers a service for industrial clients 

solving 1 

Droblems at a key-stroke, they wE be offering a variety sor Heginbotham has predict- 
uTSecoSsiote short courses, snpemsrog ^ flexible, smafl-baich 

componentproducing sys- 

Subordinated way. But sponsored by ^ustnal cii iems ^ jusl onc shift in 
manasers now know that if ^ rise running formal manned by humans will 

SSi^dcomSIy, infor- M& jnugramme* be with us by 1995 but the first 

matron technology can bring Kington s computer controlled and mte- 

riTlShS But intro- meanwhile is committed to a lajve-batch, total-man- 

duced in an ad-hoc, piecemeal much more mmket-p^e ap- nfacturing facilities will not be 

mwoar training, conferences and in- 

Sgggse ' Jag 

all these isolated “islands of _ 
automation” and bring? them 
into a coherent unity. Produc- 
tion, warehousing, deliveries, 
orders, financ e and even per- 
sonnel can be woven together 
into an efficient coordinated 

Bat of course doing this is 

" rtf 

expertise that not many man- 
agers possess. Already there is 

a great skills sh ortage, which is 
bolding up the move towards 
making our manufacturing as 
efficient as our overseas’ com-- 

blue 11 IV BV 

involved with its clients work- 
ing alongside them often for 
years, as a partner in C IM. 

Clearly the 
of CIM is not 
going to be an 
event. Profes- 

round service oi 
research and development, 
training, conferences and in- 
formation service. Though Only 
there will be some postgradu- unstaflo 

Only by the year 2100 will ■ 
unstan ed production facilities 

be widespread (which at least 
gives some time to prepare for 
the social consequences). 

Whatever the difficulties, 
however, the commercial in- 
centives to introduce CIM are 
going to be enormous. 

And that is why the function 
of the new CIM initiatives will 
be so important 

There are thousands of 
electrical, electronic, mechani- 
cal and production engineers 
(not to mention a vast army of 
general managers) who need 
tr ainin g in what CIM means 
and how to implement it 

It requires a combination of 
skills (computing, engineer- 
ing, and business) which per- 
haps does not come easily to 
British industry. But if this 
country is to stand any chance 
of retaining its place as a 
-leading manufacturing nation, 
it must become involved in 
CIM as rapidly as possible. 
Sign up for your training now. 


A series of conferences and exhibitions demonstrating the 
commercial benefits of training and the current appkahons af 
new technologies are being organised m 1986 and beyond by 
Queensdale Exhibitions and Conferences who are specialists in 
the training field. 




2&-30 April 1986 , Nevoid E*h»b<t,on Centre. London 
HHI Sponwned by lhe Manpower Senses. ComnMSwn 


30 SeDtembef-2nd October 1936, Kensington Town Hall, London 

|Pj ^ Sponsored b» it>e Manpower Senses Commission 


22-24 September 1986, Kensington Town HoH, London. 

S Sponsored b, Ihe Manpower ienrres Lommsaon 

Supported by ihe Depi ol Trade & Induswv 


3-6 July 1989, Barbican Centre, London 

® Qn r mnr l ~ t ~ Cawfarwicefc 1 37 Blenheim 

Sw^ntLonclonWTl 2EO.Tdfc OI-727 1929 





>S ' 7 - 

! / 
, / 

* taking out into the 

future is something Lucas has 

never been afraid of . 

And it's the reason why we 
continue to play a leading role 
in a variety of advanced 
technologies the world over. 
Technologies like Aerospace. 
Automotive. Industried Systems. 
Defence. Telecommunications. 
Marine.' And a lot more. 

New products* new markets 
and new marurfaduring 
methods are aR areas in which 
we've been invessing fw the 


There's one area of investment 
however, which is even more 
important. People. The quality 
and professional ddB of our 
staff is fundamental to our 
success, and that's why we are 
devoting more aid more 
resources to training and 
re-training -in fad over £40 
million this year. 

And why, when it comes to 
breaking future barriers, there's 
no holding us back. 

Engineers-shaping up to tomorrow 

C Qualified engineers of tomorrow must be technically competent, 
market conscious, commercially adept, environmentally sensitive 
and responsive to human needs 9 

With these words, The Engineering Council 
opens its booklet “Raising the Standard” which sets 
out the system through which it ensures that the 
standards of engineering education and training are 
relevant to today and tomorrow. 

The nation needs more engineers. They must 
be well educated and trained. They must be able to 
communicate across disciplines and to non-engineers, 
too. And they must be prepared to continue training 
throughout life to keep up to date with advancing 
technology. In all these areas, The Engineering Council 
is taking the lead, fighting to help Britain make it 

+ Through Problem Solvingfor Primary Schools, 

Opening Windows on Engineering schemes in secon- 
dary schools and the Young Engineer for Britain 
competition, for example, children will learn of the 
excitement and challenge of engineering. A recent 
independent survey showed that some 75% of qual- 
ified engineers would recommend engineenng as a 
career on account of its interest 

+ The Cdundl, having pressed the Government 
into providing more money for engineering places in 
higher education, ensures that the right standards are 
setand metby the accreditation of courses in universi- 
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Out for single 
as he is drawn 
to Marshall 

_Jbe second Ten' match 
between England and West 
sponsored by able 
and Wireless, was prolonged 
™“P«edly here yesterdS 
by the England taiL After then* 
three remaining batsmen had 
been out within four overs of 
each other during the first 
hour, jflie bowlers took the 
score from 214 for eight just 
before lunch to 288 for mm* 
half an hour before* Over 
5Q extras, many of them 
were a big help to ~~ 

Botham failed again on 
what is becoming for him a 
thoroughly unhappy tour He 
went to Marshall for a single 
and. had Edmonds not been 
dropped off his first baD. 
England might well lave lost 
by an innings. Instead the new 
ball which Richards took to 
finish off the Engla n d mnmgq 
bad the opposite effect, partly 
because it bounced more than 
the old one. 

With fast shooters coming 
along every two or three overs, 
it was always going to 
prodigies of concentration and 
all the luck that was going for 
England to make a fight of it 
yesterday br ibe event they 
started promisingly. Lam b 
and Willey taking seven off 
Marshals opening over, and 
20 runs coming in the first half 

too many 

hour without 

Then luck, or ill luck, took a 
tend, lam h being oven out 
teg-before to Walsh, me appeal 
half muffled because of the 
sound of bat on hall. Within 
2Q minutes Botham and 
Willey were out as wdl and 
the match was as good as over 
. Whereas on the rest-day 
there had been enough rain to 
have allowed httle play, there 
was now not a cloud m the 

Botham, under enor- 
mous pressure lo succeed, was 
out to ins seventh ball, sur- 
prisingly wdl caught at the 
wicket by -Payne, who is really 
no more than a fielder with 
gloves on, Botham had tune to 
exchange a greeting with Rich- 
ards - 1 cannot share the view 
that even a crisis m a Test 
match. is no place for cordial- 
ity - and to be beaten once by 
Walsh before felling to Mar- 

Full of form and confi- 
dence, he might have played . 
no stroke at the balL It was ofa 
perfect length and wide 
enough to have left and he 
had only just come m. But be 
was drawn to it fatally, and 
even out of touch he is sun a 
good enough player to have 
got a thick edge; though the 

bafi left him sharply off the 

Botham was a sad sight 
making his way back, gestur- 
ing to those in the press box 
who would be nd of him by 
making as though to pull the 
plug. He never needed encour- 
- agement more than be does at 
the moment It was his thirti- 
eth Test innings against West 
Indies, for which be averages 
21 . 

Soon afterwards Willey re- 
ceived a virtually unplayable 
ball, a fast breakback that 
never left the ground and 
uprooted Ins off stump. It 
would lave needed a barn 
door to stop it In nearly three 
and a half hours he had scored 
26 hard -earned runs. 

Another low breakback 
from Marshall did for 
. Downton, and Emburey 
flicked Walsh firmly off his 
legs but straight to Best some 
15 yards away at backward 

short le^. Marshall became the 

sixth West Indian bowler to 
take 200 Test wickets, in only 
42 Test matches, when be 
dismissed Downton. Almost 
at once Edmonds, having been 
dropped at the wicket off his 
first bafl, looked to be his 
201 st but to Marshals fury he 
survived the appeal for leg- 

Ranatunga’s defiance 
fails to halt Pakistan 

Pakistan beat Sn Lanka by 
eight wickets i ft foe fourth and 
final one-day international to 
clinch the -senes 2-0. with no 
result m two ium-int matches. 
Rain again played its part as 
Pakistan's target was reduced to 
101 runs in 24 overs after Sn 
Lanka had been restricted to 160 
for eight m 38 overs. That target 
proved no problem for Pakistan, 
who were sent on their nay to 
victory by an opening stand of 
65 between Mudassar Nazar 
and MohsmKhan- 

Sn Lanka, sail m to bon. were 
reeling at . 25. for four after 11 
over? but rhanh to Ranatunga. 
who hit a defiant 74 not out 
they were 160 for eight when the 
innings dosed. 

The openers. Ruruppu and 
Ranasmghe. were parted at 13 
when Kuruppu was caught by 
the wicketkeeper Zulqarnain off 
Zakir for four Ai 21 Dmsedged 
a bouncer from Akram to 
Mnmdad at slip, Menchs was out 
in the next over, caught behind . 
for nought off Zakir, and then 
Ranasmghe. on .14, putted 

wick ci_ before Mahanama was 
aim ftamgto hriiinrf this tune off 

De Silva helped take the score 
are he w 

to 122 before he was Old for 1 L 
Malik taking a well judged catch 
on the long-on boundary off 


D S B P Kmjppu c ZiffQamain b Zaict 4 
K Ranaomohe c knran b Akram 14 

RL Dias cMhndadb Mown 1 

t. R D Mencfia c Zldqamaki h ZWar 0- 
R 6 Mshanasna c Zuqametn b Qarfr 22 

Needing 223 to make West 
Indies bat again, England got 
them just before lunch with a 
low snick for four by Ellison 
off Marshall There was a 
small crowd and hardly a 
demonstrator outside the 
ground as the game drew to ns 


AtdRanatuwanotout - 
tAdaSBva cMaOc bOadii 
A L Pda Mb Aknm 







Wasnn straight to Imran Khan 
at mid-on. 

Mahanama-. and Ranatunga 
steadied the innings, adding 61 
runs m 13 overs for the fifth 

C Ran—Wa b Akraro 
SDAnurnM not oat 
-Bdras(b1 JbAwa,nb«) 

Total (8 wfcts, 38 owrs) 

K Amafean cM not tet 
FAIL OF WICKETS. 1-13. 243. 3-2*. 4- 
25. 5-36, 8-122.7-149. 3-149 
BOWLING: hmn 8-2-22-0; Akram 9-1-28- 
4. ZaUr 90434. Tauaaaf 24-104: Qair 
9447-2: Mudassar 1-04U 
Mudassar Nazar e Kuruppu 

bRanasfrnha -35 
Mohsin Khan b Amsisan • 30 

Jwad Mantfnd not out 22 

Rameoz ffeja notout 13 

. Boras (fc 2, nb 1) 3 

Total (2 wkls. 23 ows) 103 

- SataMatft.’twanKban, AtxAJQacfir : 
Wawn Akram. Tauseaf Ahmed. ZaMr 
Khan aod tZutqwnain dU not M 
FALL OF WICKETS 1-85, 2-71 
BOWLING: dB Mat 3-1-22-0; Amatot7 1 
31-1, Ramanayaka 34204: Ranasfaghe 

Excuses could be found for 
England. The bafl which 
Willey received was one. 
Lamb's decision another But 
the fact is that they brought 
defeat upon themselves with 
their batting on the first day 
There is no reason for chang- 
ing the opinion I gave then 
that Zimbabwe would have 
expected to make more than 

66, A J Lamb 62; M D 


G A Good) I 

4 Mr 38) 

ibWitti _ 

*01 Gower b Waist). 

I T Boom c Pane b I 
J E Mbr e Baal b Wetah . 

r * R Oowslon to b Macafeal 


9 H Edmond* cPtrjr* b Oanw 

J G Thornes not 





. 14 

. 25 
. 13 

2.2413-10 6, 

■ 4 - 198 , 5 - 192 , 5 - 197 . 7 - 214 , 


WEST MNE& Haft tongs 399 (R B 
Rfctanlsaa 102. D L Haynes 97: J E 
Embunqr 5 for 78). 


Moves aim at stifling a 
controversial situation 

By a Correspondent 

Two attempts were made 
yesterday to defase or delay the 
controversy which threatens -to 
detract from the world's best- 
known tournament, the. Att- 
Englarrd championships 
sponsored by Yonex. which 
begin at Wembley today 

Jake Downey whose removal 
as England manager re sought by 
10 leading players, has made an 
answering statement, and foe 
Badminton Association of 
England's press officex Caroline 
Searie. has asked foe players to 
keep further controversy to a 
minimum Pnnce Andrew the 
patron . of the Badminton 
Association, may be making his 
first visit to the championships 
on Sunday 

Downey's statement about 
the players letter of complaim 
says 1 . “I am quite ready to meet 
with the players either individ- 
ually or as a group at the All- 
England to discuss their letter 
and show them their complaints 
are quite unfounded ** 

The other news was better 
both because it involved bad- 
minton and also improved En- 
glish hopes of doing we O at «t 
Jens-Peier Nierboff. the former 
European champion, is likely to 
withdraw which would aid foe 
England No ' Sieve Baddeky 
on his path to foe quarter-finals, 
where he is expected to meet 



is ■ the 

Morten Frost 
based Dane, 
favourite . 

The other favourite. Kirsten 
Larsen, of Denmark, may have 
been helped by the withdrawal 
with a leg injury of the former 
champion from South Korea. 
Hwang Sunai Hwang Sunai’s 
place will be taken m foe 
doubles by Chung So Yung, and 
Gillian Gowers and GUltan 
Clark who are-seeded to meet 
them in the last eight maybe 
pleased with that 

j Scotland who axe to 
England in then first ma 

the - European championship m 

Sweden on April 6. have named 
10 players m then team Scot- 
land. who are ranked fourth in 
Europe, then meet West Ger- 
many ranked fifth, three hours 
later ra a tough opening sched- 
ule Bitty Gilliland (Essex) and 
Dan Travers (Glasgow) are 
seeded fifth m the men's dou- 
bles and Alex White (Kilmar- 
nock) is seeded eighth m foe 
men’s singles in the individual 
event The rest of the team 
Kenny Middlemtss (Edio 
Iain Pnngle (Paisley). 
Alien (Edinburgh}. Eli 


true Heathy (Edinburgh) 


turns down 
US stableford 

Severiano ■ Ballesteros has 
turned down an offer to contest 
the first nuUtoo-doDar tour- 
nament to be played under the 
stableford scoring system in 
America. It is also likely foal all 
of foe other Earopean Ryder 
Cup golfers will have to miss foe 
event, which is to be played at 
Chsile Rode. Colorado, from 
August II to 17 

The team that beat the United 
Stales at foe Belfry last Septem- 
ber have all bran given an 
invitation to the American tour- 
nament but it clashes wuh the 
Benson and Hedges Inter- 
national at Fulford Ballesteros 
is trying to avoid complications 
following bis one-year ban from 
American PGA co-sponsored 
events in 1986 

• Jack Niddaus yesterday 
voiced disapproval at 
Ballesteros's banishment 
from the tour Nieklaos. speak- 
ing on a transatlantic telephone 
link to London, admitted:'! am 
in Seve's corner — 1 feel very 
sad that such a great player will 
be missing from our 
tour this year" 

Ballesteros is limited to four 
events this. 

year foe Masters. Open. PGA 
and a defence 

of the New Orleans Open after 
failing to play foe mandatory 
1 5 events m America Iasi veai 


Taking it on the chin: Mngabi on the receiving end of a crippling Hagler right in Las Vegas 

Hagler’s retirement 
threat causes stir 

Bruno looks to September 

Las Vegas (Agencies) 
Marvelous Marvin Hagler star- 
tled the boxing world by 
annoandiig his successful 
world middlew eight title defence 
against John Pool Magabi in 
the early bonrs of yesterday 
morning may have signalled foe 
end of his career. Bat with a 
multi-million dollar rematch 
with Thomas Hearns scheduled 
for later this year it is hard to 
mfc* foe threat seriously. 

Hagler, who bad knocked ont 
Mngabi in the eleventh round, 
told reporters: “B e lieve it or not, 
FU give it some thought, this 
could be my last fight.” On the 
same bill at Cesars Palace 
Hearns had knocked out James 
Shuler hi the first round to take 
his North American Federation 
middleweight title and open op 
the way for a return with Hagler. 

Later, after receiving atten- 
tion for a braised eye, having a 
shower and changing his 
clothes. Hagler added: “I'm not 
co mm itting myself to anything 
now. 1 just got through with a 
tough fight. Let me get borne and 
put it together.” 

The promoter. Bob .Aram, 
said be had few doubts that 
Hagler would continue bis ca- 

Hagler started cautiously 
against Mngabi and the Ugan- 
dan managed to land several 
shots lo Hagler’s head. The 
champion then set up relentless 
attacks hot Mngabi brought up a 
swelling on Hauler's eye in the 
ninth round before he began to 
tire. In foe eleventh Hagler 
connected with a barrage of 
blows that pot Mngabi down and 
he was cosnnted out 

Frank Bruno, the World Box 
mg .Association No ! challenger, 
looks certain to get his chance of 
boxing for the world title in 
September, thanks to foe firm 
action taken by the WBA in 
disciplining Tim Witherspoon, 
the champion, for taking man- 
i uana, and ordering a rematch of 
the title bout in which 
Witherspoon beat Tony Tubbs 
last January 

The World Boxing Associ- 
ation. who fined Wiiherspooo 
S25.000 and put him on proba- 
uon fora year, have said that the 
rematch must take place within 
Q0 days and 90 days after that 
foe winner must meet Bruno 

W'lfoerspoon. who admitted 
to taking the marijuana two 
months before foe title bouL 
had pleaded at the recent WBA 
discplinary meeting in Philadel- 
phia. to be allowed to keep his 
title “I am not a criminal All 
mv life I have tried to make 

By Sriktmmr Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

good Everybody makes 
mistakes" foe champion had 
said in his defence According to 
medical experts it is unlikely 
foal foe positive tests run on 
Witherspoon after foe title bout 
were foe result of a cigarette 
smoked two months before 
It is not known wbai 

Witherspoon’s next step will be 
1 tight the 

and whether be will 
WBA decision, but boxing poli- 
tics being what they are. much 
will depend on how Don King, 
foe big American promoter 
views foe WBA decision For 
King has already plans well 
advanced lo find foe true world 
heavyweight champion through 
a series of fight-offs between the 
WBA. foe World Boxing Coun- 
cil and International Boxing 
Federation champions and lead- 
ing challengers. King controls all 
the boxers except Bruno And it 
is almost certain that any plans 
that Bruno's backers may have 

about putting on a world title 
show in Britain will have to fit 
into King's scheme of -things if 
King and the World Boxing 
authorities cannot resolve mat 
ters. then Bruno will have to 
decide whether to go along wuh 
Kang or nsk chasing a title 
without a champion 
The September title date for 
Bruno, which knocks out British 
plans for a £5 million world title 
show at Wembley Stadium in 
June, win test foe match-making 
ingenuity of Bruno's connec 
non s How is Bruno to spend 
the six months between now and 
September" How many contests 
will he have in foal period and 
against whom 0 After beating the 
world No I Geme C oetzee of 
South Africa, last week. Bruno 
can hardly look outside the top 
ien for his next opponent He 
could defend bis European title 
but that would still leave him 
wuh time on bis hands 


Team snooker finds 
a willing sponsor 

World Team Cup snooker is 
thriving again, thanks to a 
£50,000 sponsorship from Car 
Care Plan. The event will take 
place at the International Centre 
in Bournemouth from March 20 
to 23 It bad bran threatened 
when Guinness, sponsors for foe 
first ti me la st year, withdrew 
BASKETBALL: Manchester 
Giants, beaten 106-105 by Crys- 
tal Palace m a third and decisive 
Carisberg National champion- 
ship play-off on Saturday.* have 
appealed that the result should 
not be allowed to stand because 
of what they consider to have 
been controversial officiating 
(Nicholas Hading writes) I? 
Giants lose foe appeal, which 
will be beard today. Palace will 
fece Birmingham Bullets in foe 
first of foe Wembley semi-final 
play-offs on Friday week at 
6.30pm The oiher semi-final, at 
8 30pm. will be between Team 
Polycell Kingston and Walkers 
Crisps Leicester The final will 
be played the following day at 

MOTOR SPORT: Frank Wil- 
bams, owner and manager of foe 
Williams grand pnx team, re- 
mained in intensive care in 
hospital in Marseilles after a car 
accident on Saturday left his kgs 

ACHT1NG: Pierre Fehlmann 
and his crew aboard UBS 
Switzerland surprised every- 
body yesterday by arriving 
shortly after 9am local time to 
wm line honours oq the third 
day of the Whitbread Round foe 
World Race from Auckland 

(Barry PickihaU writes) The 
race committee had not ex- 
pected the 80-foot Bruce Farr 
design until much later in foe 
day On Monday night, foe 
American Maxi, Atlantic Priva- 
teer. Eric Tabari y’s Cote d'Or. 
and foe British yacht. Drum, 
were fighting it out for second 
place, having been within sight 
of each other for much of foe 

TENNIS: Sara Gomer, of Brit- 
ain, beat RaftaeUa Reggi, of 
Italy, 6-3. 5-7, 6-4 in foe first 
round of a tournament in Dallas 
on Monday In other matches 
involving Britons, Jo Dune beat 
Adriana ViUagran, of Argentina. 
6-4. 6-4. and .Annabel Croft lost 
6-2, 6-3 to Anne White, of the 
United States 

BOWLS: The world champion. 
Tony Allcock, cruised through 
his first-round match against 
John Leemao m yesterday's 
Tennem's Pilsner Lager classic 
at Darlington Allcock won by 7 - 
3. 7-3 

exhibition game between top- 
level US sides is likely to be 
played at Wembley Stadium, 
possibly on August 3 The 
Chicago Bears, holders of the 
Super Bowl championship, and 
the Dallas Cowboys are poten- 
tial opponents. 

Park, who organize the National 
Schools Seven a Side Tour- 
nament have bad a record entry 
from more than 250 schools 
sabotaged by foe withdrawal of 
between eight and 1 (Reams, 
v fron 

onncipallv from Welsh schools 


Preston next in line 

Preston may be foe next town 
u> take up Rugby League as a 
professional sport Exploratory 
talks were taking place yesterday 
between a Preston businessman, 
officials of Preston North End 
Football Club, and repre- 
sentatives ofBlackpooi Borough 

Ri^by League Club 

first plan is for Preston to 
stage a second division match at 
foe end of the season as a home 
game for Blackpool Borough 
This would give an idea of foe 
potential following should a 
senior side be formed •A 
£10.000 grant from the Rugby 
League has enabled the British 

University 3nd College Rugby 
League Association to book a 
place in foe first students’ World 
Cup to be staged in New 
Zealand in August next year 
• Two London sides have made 
history by beating Northern 
leams'in the National Challenge 
Cup of foe Bnusb Amateur 
Rugby League Association 
(BARLa) South London beat 
Huvton 48-8 and Todmonien 
38-0: London Colonials beat 
Mdnrou from Rochdale. 12-6 
South London have a large 
contingent of New Zealanders 
and London (. olomals are com 
posed mainly of Australians 

Long distance plan ning of the long distance runner is rewarding for Britain 

Late starter finds place out in front 

another nux or 

never won 
in a major 
be would stffl 
bate done enough to be consid- 
ered one of foe most successful 

British ranters of his gefieraton. 

That may seem* 

claim a long side foe 
rtcmds and gold medals of 

"Onte a tot of miners bate 
more talent than me. They wffl 

beat me 52 weeks oT the year, but 

| Kill beat them on the big 
occasion. I am not exceptionally 
physically talented, but 1 can 
come dose to 100 per cent effort 
on a green day* 

He was certainly never the 

Cm. Steve Ovett, and complete jw^eyatan afot^e. 

SES biSSLm Steve which .MM ' P™?*™ 

bpeotnflg s suggest Spedifing was a 

. — , I aAnnlc 

as Speddb® s*y* *** 

3SWS— SBfS? 

baveni ^ somehow 

1 1 don't see 

home international schools 

their success 

champion in 19TL ami had foe 
occasional success, fike third 
place la foe AAA 54KW metres 
in 1976 •‘Butftwas 1982 before I 
ever woo another race.' - That 
was foe year he corapetwl m 
both the Commonwealth Games 
and European Championship 
10,000 metres.. At 30 years of 
age, that might wdl have been 
bis swansong. • 

But the man, foe method, and 

a-ssjsa® s 

lamed to" » ‘“jKlJdh 

that pom* yesterday he S«* 


Houston- Close fo bis 32nd 
birthday. Speddmg won his 
marathon debut, equally amaz- 
ing for foe photo finish victory 
mtr Massimo Magnaai of Italy. 
Xhn* months later. Speddlag 
wen domestic tame with first 
place in the London Marathon. 

And a farther three months on, 
another potential swansong be- 
came an aria when he won the 
Olympic marathon bronze 

The method was to select a 
race months in advance, and. 
channel afl bis mental and 
physical efforts into peaking for 
that one event. “The idea was to 
bare a target race, and* piaa weD 
ahead, mapping out all the 
training from the race back- 
wards. Not getting distracted. 
Eke going off to a money race, 
which can interrupt foe training. 
Patting together all the tittle 
things that bad worked in 
previous years. 

• Ignoring training setbacks 
or defeat ia minor races. Think- 
ing positively, and little mental 
tricks like visualizing the race. 
Net getting earned away by 
1 myself sprinting dowa the 
It, bn seeing myself 
ie lo foe race, with 
everything going weft. Then, 
when foat was happening, it 
increased the confidence.** 

Having a job with Gateshead 
doh coDeagnes, Brendan Foster. 
John Cain, and Max Cold)), 
who give him time off to train, 
means that Speddmg does not 

hare toe mach trouble tenting 
down foe “money races", al- 
though op to £50,080 a time 
most still be a temptation. But 
after 16 years of rawing in foe 
North-East, and the Gateshead 
dub secretary relates proudly in 
tonight's programme bow 
Speddmg tinned down one 
money race to compete in a dob 
relay, be makes it seem like he 
would be selling his birthright 

-1 ran becanse it makes ay 
tile more interesting, it adds to 
it It is still something I do for 
pleasure- If tt became a source of 
income, it would become a 
pressure rather than a release 
from daily pressure. And I'd still 
have ambitions to win little bits 

of metal on foe end of a coloured 

Accordingly, the next target is 
the Commonwealth Gaines 
marathon in Edinburgh on Au- 
gust 2. Spedding has already- 
been selected for England on foe 
basis of his second place b eh i nd 
Steve Jones, a Welshman, in 
last year's London Marathon. 

Pat Batcher 

trtimi C tvrespomieni 

Spedding: ignores setbacks 


Teams for 
final round 
take shape 

Loughborough poised 
for historic victory 

By David Hands 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Both England and Scotland 
will confirm today ibeur teams 
for the final round of I he five 
nations' championship on Sat- 
urday Simms, the Cambridge 
University and Liverpool cen- 
tre. wiD be given a fitness test on 
a hamstring injury suffered 
against Ireland before the squad 
gathers to leave for France He 
was optimistic yesterday that he 
would be fit to play 

Duncan, the Scottish right 
wring, is in a similar position He 
pulled a hamstring touching 
down for a try during his match 
For West of Scotland on Sat- 
urday but the selectors are 
hopeful he will be able to take 
his place against Ireland in 

Steven Glen, the Sudbury and 
Eastern Counties scrum half 
will captain England Colls 
against Italy Youth in Rome on 
March 22 The side contains one 
survivor from the party which 
visited Canada Iasi Summer. 
Shaw ihe Barkers Butts right 

Glen played for London 
Schools against the tounng New 
Zealand schoolboys last season 
He will be partnered by Oh- 
phant. who has appeared for 
West HartJepoorsseniors! 
.Armstrong, the left wing, has for 
Hartlepool Rovers The side 
was chosen after a squad week 
end during which the Colts losi 
1 8-4 to Lougborough I 'niversitv 

Today mav represent a com 
mg of age for Loughborough 
students They are challenging 
for theu 2 1 si victory in the 
Universities Athletic Union 
(UAU) competition which 
has been running since 1922 

against Nottingham University 

who have never won the till 
though they were runners-up (to 
Loughborough) two years ago 

The two meet ai Twickenham 
and Loughborough, showing ad- 
mirable loyally to players who 
have been available all season, 
have left BumhiU as a replace- 
men! It was in this match two 
years ago that Bumhill scored a 
remarkable try which helped 
tosecure him a place on 
England's summer tour to South 
Africa, this season, howevei he 
has opted to play for Leicester ai 
weekends though he played in 
fest week's semi-final against 
Birmingham University saw- 
ing a try 

Nor do Loughborough have 
the talented Buzza available He 
has been in East Africa on a 
minor counties cricket tour and 
returned too late to stake a claim 
for a final place So Hams, who 
has played for the Scotland 
Under-2'l team, remains at full 
back and Hughes, recovered 
from injury plays centre 

It is an indication of respec- 
tive strengths that nearly all 
Loughborough’s backs have 

from the Nottingham team oi 
two years ago while Allen and 
Freer plaved in the same game 
for Loughborough who nave 
five survivors from last season's 
teams that beat Durham 2VI0 
in the final refereed, as it is 
today by Roger Quilienton 


M Clarke. L Eales (caotaml. S Fumy T 
1 j Ward M 

Chalk MSnnmonds J Jenkins 
Lamben A Chaffs. B 

ft Bryson D NJchOlis 
S Howe A Berry G Koral 

Rowe D Hughes C AHen C Jamas A 
Sutton M Hancock M Freer D 

Cheesewnght G Hughes J wajy M 
Upex A Macdonald A Robinson {cap- 

tain). A Swam 
Referee; R Quittamon (London) 

• The British Polytechnics stage 
theu cup final today sponsored 
by Rugfo H orld and Post at 
London Insh's ground Kings 
ton will be looking foi then 
fourth win against Leeds, whose 
sole success in the competition 
came in 1 974 

Kingston boast the greatei 
representative experience five 
of their players having appeared 
for the British Polytechnics XV 
against Leeds's one Of that five 
Kuhn the stand-off half was a 
uy scorer in the semi-final win 
against Leicester as was Jones 
the prop Leeds are obviously a 
side who can stay the distance 
they were drawing 10-10 with 
Sand Bank after fufi-ume in 
their semi-final but then scored 
anothei 19 points in the 20 
minutes of exira-urne that was 

(Hanlepooi Rovers). K Ofiphort IWesi 
T.S Gteo f Sudbury captain): A 

R Denhordt (Moseley!. J Bryant (Royal 
Navy).S Baker (Harrogate) 

• A novel fixture which might 
be the start of a senes will be 
played at Richmond on Sunday 
The two famous firms of Lon- 
don aucuoneers and antique 
dealers, Sotheby's and Christies, 
meet in a match to contest a 
splendid trophy in the form of a 
broken gavel Moving spirits for 
Sotheby’s have been Richard 
Huggins of the wine depanmeni 
and David Sakei (continental 
pictures' li should be a vintage 

ham back row man. will have an 
important role to play tn limn 
mg the amount of ball available 
for foe Loughborough backs and 
Nottingham wifl hope that Jen 
kins, their scrum half has 
recovered from a dead leg 
sustained at the weekend while 
playing for Nottingham Cor 
sairs against Gloucester Untied 

It was sheer commitment, 
allied to forward pressure that 
brought Nottingham through a 
testing semi-final against Swan- 
sea in which their captain. Eales. 
scored the game's only try from 
centre He has had experience 
with Moseley and North Mid- 
lands and will doubtlessly be on 
ihe lookout for Lbe halfchance 

Ward and Clarke survive 

It seems unlikely foai this 
season s game between thr 
L Al and the British Polv 
technics will be played It was 
scheduled for next Wednesdav 
in Manchester but now that the 
t ombtned English Students 
have arranged squad training at 
Veovihon on March 16 to IS it 
is felt that the demands made on 
the players will be too much 

Grstwfcke S Jonnston S Tippra. V 
Rolandi R Kuhn S W hm wo rai w 
W&lwark J Mesdowcraft u Jones P 
Rycroft A Renkes P AsJiwtxtt) S Hayter 
(captain) MOcwnes 

.WicMup I Malta (captain) A Manicom C 
Rodens T Reeman J Everett T Smut) A 
Bucnanan S Bis E Saunders B Brawr 
M Barran N Ashton D Cooper 
Referee: G Crawtord (London) 

Boyle banned 

The ace is the pack 

Steve Boyle. Moseley’ s British 
forward w| 

Lions lock forward who was sent 
off against Nuneaton Iasi week 
for butting an opponent, has 
been banned from the Reddings 
for a month 

Scottish team 

The Scottish Golf Union 
team to meet Italy m an amateur 
international in Rome on April 
15 and 16 is David Camck 
(Douglas Park). George Mac- 
gregor (Glencorse) Allan 
Thomson (Ayr). Cecil Bloice 
(Pitlochry) Colin Brooks (Glen 
corse) and Kenm- Walker 
»Rova! Burgess) 

rhe London have made one 
change for foe Hospitals Cup 
final against St Mary’s, the 
holders, ai Richmond today 
(Gordon Allan writes) They 
have dropped Jake Collins from 
the right wing and brought in 
fan Hamilton St Mary's am 
unchanged from the semi-final 
Si Mary's, led from the front 
row by Bailey, a Cambridge 
Blue s'houid win A few years 
ago it was backs such as Alistair 
McKibbin. Pip ^ oung. Alun 
Lewis and Charles Ralston w ho 
made them such a good team 
Now it is their pack who are 
carry ing all before them with the 
backs doing little except tackle 

Rotmson OWScca M Dixon R Harvey A 
BeW C Wfeiwonn R Bailey M Kenny A 
Budget) CHaywam C Guest R Holland 
Bam P Toozs-Hotaon 

LONDON HOSPITAL M Benson rlamti 
ton C Long, W Barker N Ressner * 
Maclean CRoome JBroscli CManp p 
T aylor A Pamhare ° Barnes a Justice 
Boggs SSfectc 


FA Cup 
Sixth round 

Sheffield Wed v West Ham Ufa 

Sixth round replay 

Everton v Luton 

Mifk Cup 

Semi-final, second ieg 

Oxford United « Aston Wife 

First division 

Leicester C v Birmingham 
Second division 
Norwich v Huddersfield 

Third division 

Derby County u WstsaD 
Reading v Lincoln 
York « Bristol Rovers 


Barnsley sack Glavin 

Barnsley have dismissed then 
popular player and youth team 
coach Ronnie Glavin because 
they can no longer afford to pay 
his wages Barnsley were badly 
hit by the miners' strike and this 
season's low crowds have re- 
sulted in them losing £3.500 a 
week The recent long lay-off 
because of the weather has made 
matters worse 

Allan tlarke the Banislcv 
manage; said ~NVe are id 
financial difficulties We have 

goi io the stage where we cannot 
. u> hack nn for Dfaving staff an • 

furtha SO I have u> look to m- 
other staff 

“I didn’t want to do it but we 
are losing money cverv week 
and when that happens vou . 
have got to do something about 
it We now have a first-team 
squad of onlv 1 5 and we are 
cutung things to the bone “ 

Crainie told to go 

Wolverhampton Wanderers 
who are threatened wuh rclega 
uon have told foe midfield 
playei Danny i ramie that hr 
must leave for > ] ub 

unui foe forward argument has ■ 
been settled 

The London forwards were 
instrumental in winning the 
semi-final match wun Si 
Thomas's But their best chance 
today may lie in trying to keep 
foe game open and let runners 
like Barker a Bedford plaver 
and Maclean see foe ball 




1 HE 1 iMfcS WfcDNfcSIMY MARCH 12 1986 


dream turns 
sour for team 

in the red 

When Peter Davenport 
makes his debut for Manches- 
ter United against Queen's 
P&nc Rangers at Loftus Road 
on Saturday a dream will have 
come true for his father, 
Qiaries Davenport, who is a 
Welong United supporter. 
With pride and elation Dav- 
enport senior said; “It’s the 
sort of thing fathers dream 

Davenport junior, contem- 
plating his £570,000 transfer 
from Nottingham Forest 
which was completed yester- 
day after a medical examina- 
tion, said that, like his father, 
he could hardly believe it 
“Before I became a pro- 
fessional", he said, “I was a 
devoted United fan. I used to 
stand at the Stretford End with 
my dad and cheer and sing 
along with thousands of oth- 

“1 can still remember the 
first game 1 saw at Old 
Tra fiord. It was the final game 
of the 1967-63 season, when 
United lost against Sunder- 
land and were beaten to the 
title by Manchester City. I was 
only seven then but 1 soon 
cheered up, for I saw United 
win a lot of matches in the 
Seventies. George Best was 
my idol and I still rate him the 
best player Pve ever seen". 

Davenport senior could 
scarcely contain his elation: 
“Tra still up there on cloud 
nine. When fathers take then- 
sons on to the terraces they 
must often dream that one day 
they will see them playing for 
their favourite club. But I 
never dreamt that Peter would 
one day play for Manchester 

The Davenport move is not 
seen as a panic measure by 
Nottingham Forest Although 

the dubare£1.5 million in the 
red, Maurice Roworth, their 
chairman, said: “I have always 
backed our manager, Brian 
Clough, in the past and will go 
on doing so; but the unani- 
mous decision to sell Daven- 
port was taken with the best 
interest of the club m mind." 

While Ron Atkinson,the 
Manchester United manager, 
was delighted at obtaining on 
a five-year contract a player be 
has trailed for some time, and 
whom he sees as an ideal 
replacement for Mark Hughes, 
the Welsh international, who 
is expected to join Barcelona 
in the summer, Gough was 

"Davenport was the one 
player I really wanted to keep 
here,” he said. "At- the start of 
the season, when he signed a 
new contract, I saw him as 
being a significant part of our 
future. He came here costing 
us nothing and developed into 
an international centre for- 
ward — and now we have bad 
to sell him. Understandably, I 
feel very upset about it." 

But Roworth, while sharing 
Clough's disappointment, 
pointed out the realities of 
Forest's position, saying: “We 
have to face the fact that 
football is a very difficult 
game to be in these days." The 
deal will halve the dub's 

Davenport, wtao will be 25 
in a fortnight, was bora at 
Birkenhead on Merseyside but 
failed to make the grade with 
Everton. He scored 56 goals in 
little more than 100 League 
games for the first division 

This latest purchase will 
take Atkinson's spending past 
£7 million. Davenport could 
team up with Terry Gibson, a 

Unreluctant debutant Davenport will step from hallowed terrace to even more hallowed turf 

recent signing, to give United 
a new £1 million-plus spear- 
head at Loftus Road 
Atkinson, his patience ex- 
hausted by this year’s poor 
finishing by Stapleton and 
Hughes, swooped within 24 
hours of Sunday's FA Cup 
exit. The United manager has 
spent lavishly and has bad 
plenty of failures in his search 
for the perfect strike force. 
"This club has been looking 
for a natural goal scorer for a 
long time," be said "Daven- 
port used to be a United fan 
standing at the Stretford End 
Now be gets the chance to 
become the king. He certainly. 

has the ability. AO 1 am asking 
him to do is to play as well for 
us as he did against us." 

Davenport, whose signing 
could not be completed in 
time to allow him to accompa- 
ny United on their mid-season 
break to Israel, knows he has a 
lot to live up to. "I’ve just got 
to do my best and hopefully 
the goals will come”, Ik said 

Davenport admitted that 
Gough had been reluctant to 
part with him; but with Forest 
more than £1 million in debt 
the departure form his Not- 
tingham digs was inevitable. 
John Gidman could move 

from United to his former 
club, Aston Villa. Aged 32, he 
left Villa for Everton in Octo- 
ber 1 979 and signed for Unit- 
ed in July 1981. He injured a 
knee ligament last mouth, 
which allowed Mike Duxbury 
back into the team. Despite 
being fully fit again, Gidman’s 
chances appear to be limited 
with Johnny Sivebaek also 

Derek Brazil, aged 17, a 
Republic of Ireland youth 
international centre haft has 
been signed by United from 
the Rivermount club. He has 
been given a four-year con- 

Santana picks three new caps Worried Lincoln 

Never in the past 30 years 
have Brazil and West Germany, 
who between then have won five 
of the 12 World Cop com- 
petitions, been m such a state of 
(lax a mere two and 6 half 
months before the start of the 
finals. Tele Santana and Franz 
Beckenbaner. the respective 
managers, were yesterday trying 
to cast an optimistic view on a 
1 scenario which for each of them 
I is predominantly shades of grey. 

With Brazilian national foot- 
ball tom apart by 
decline and domestic ejections 
within the federation which do 
not withstand moral scrutiny, 
tonight's match against West 
Germany here is. remarkably, 
their first fixture for one and a 
half years, apart from foar less 
than convincing qualifying ties 
against Bolivia and Paraguay. 
Yet such is Santana’s unwav- 
ering faith in his countrymen's 
ability to play the beautiful 
game, come what may, that both 
be and Fafcao, one of his many 
veterans, are adamant that they 
can once more turn water into 
wine between now and the big 

Bobby Robson has been trying 
to piece England together for 
four years. Santana, whether or 
not oat of bravado and sheer 
necessity, is saying 10 weeks 
should be enough, Falcao 
agrees. And as the most engag- 
ing of international squads 

From David Miller, Frankfort 
cheerfully charmed their 
friends, and girlfriends, with 
those thick Portuguese vowels in 
the lobby of their skyscraper 
hotel yesterday, it was difficult 
to argue. 

However, four of Untight's 
team are over 30: Cartos, Oscar, 
Fakao, Socrates. Another four 
over 30, Jmhr, Edmho, Cerezo 
and Dircea, are playing in Italy. 
Those eight could not, phys- 
ically, su rvive in Mexico to- 
gether. Yet only Zico, now with 
Flanwngo, Is considered a 
definite non-starter through 
chronic injury for the first round 
with Spain, Northern Ireland 
and Algeria. Santana is indulg- 
ing in the long time Brazilian 
gamble of relying on experience. 
The risks were well exposed In 
1966, and these players have 
already squariered one chance, 
in 1982. 

As a concession to mew faces, 
Santana takes an equal gamble 
with three first caps; Dida, the 
left hack of the national cham- 
pions, Coritiba, and Muller and 
Saissey in an all Sao Paolo 
attack. There is said to be a 
potential tramp in the partner- 
ship of Muller and the 20-year- 
old Silas, who is not playing 
tonight, which is likened by 
those with memories to Conr- 
inbo and Me with Santos 25 
years ago. It was missed chances 
which failed Brazil four years 

The whole could stifi be the 
moot oofourful bauble among the 

24 finalists, or it could be an 
embarrassing catastrophe. We 
should get same better idea 
tonight At least Santana has a 
march in Budapest on Sunday 
and then six more at home 
before he leaves for Goada- 


"This is slightly too strong a 
match far onr first outing, but we 
never fear anyone" Santana 
says. “We p&jed England, 
France and Germany immedi- 
ately before the finals four years 
ago. I don't agree that onr first 
round draw is weak, Spain are 
now a much better team, Ireland 
are typically British and Algeria 
play foe way we do". Falcao 
gives a utile. “The way Brazil 
play makes It easier to put a 
team together quickly”. 

Beckenbauer, with only one 
victory and four defeats in 
Ger ma ny’s last seven matches is 
keeping the door open for 
Scfa aster, the star of foe Euro- 

ask for support 

pean championship victory six 
ago. “But be has to 

years ago. "nut oe nas to make 
op his mind one way or the other 
in the next two weeks," 
Beckenbauer said yesterday. 

WEST QEBMANT tfroafc H Sctuaaa lImt. 
H-P Briegat, Ml Fore** O Jakob* M 
Homo*. A Bratauar, F Mags*. O Tbon, W 
RohTl Montana, K-H fon uaatagta. F 

BRAZIL: Cortes, Edaon, Oscar, Momr, 
Dtaa, Falcao. Soorato* Co n s gr a nd* 
Molar, Coreco, Sfetasy. 

Lincoln City could be out of 
business before the start of next 
season. The third division dub 
have had three sections of their 
Sincil Bank ground condemned 
by a Government safety comm- 
ittee and spectators will be 
banned from those areas after 
June I. 

The dub must find £400,000 
to build at least one new stand 
before the beginning of next 
season. John Reames, the Lin- 
coln chairman, said:"Our 
supporters have to convince us 
that they really want a football 
dub. There is no kidology 
involved. If the people don t 
rally around, Lincoln win go 

The club will bold a public 
meeting within the next three 
weeks and Reames added: "If 
we get a good turnout at that 
meeting and find enough people 
prepared to pledge support as 
well as cash, we will build a 
stand. If we don't it’s the end for 

• Debt-ridden Bangor City 
could receive a grant of up to 
£1 1 ,000 from UEFA to help pay 
for ground improvements un- 
dertaken at Farrar Road during 
their European Cup Winners' 
Cup campaign earlier this sea- 

Bangor, who play in the 
Multipart League, arereported 

to be £90.000 in debt. They say 
that work carried oul before 
their second round home tie 
against Atletico Madrid cost 
more than £30,000.Bangor sur- 
vived a winding-up petition in 
the High Court on Monday, 
brought by trade creditors Nor- 
ton Wright, who are owed 
£3,714, because legal documents 
were not in order. Tbe Customs 
and Excise, owed £680, were 
given permission to be sub- 
stituted on tbe petitition to be 
presented to the court at a future 

• Aldershot have signed Bobby 
Barnes, a winger from West 
Ham, for £15,000. Barnes 
played more than 50 first-team 
games for West Ham and bad a 

period at Scunthorpe United on 

late last year. 

• Grimsby Town have put eight 
players on the transfer-list in an 
effort to raise money to go into 
the transfer market as 
buyers. Top names on the list are 
Jimmy Gilligan. a forward, who. 
at £100,000, was briefly the 
second division club's record 
signing from Watford in the 
summer, winger Tony Ford, 
player-of-the-year for the past 
two seasons, and acting captain 
Phil Bonnyraan, an £80,000 
signing from Chesterfield four 
years ago. 

Hughes banned 
by UEFA 
for two games 

Villa are ready to make 
amends, Turner says 

West German 


The Wales forward. Mark 
Hughes, will miss both of next 
season's European champion- 
ship qualifying games against 
Finland. However, this does not 
particularly worry his manager. 
Mike England. 

Finland are rated by far the 
easiest opposition in group six 
and they are scheduled to play 
Wales in the first two matches of 
the qualifying competition. The 
Manchester United player, hav- 
ing served his suspension 
against them, will therefore be 
available for the more difficult 
games against Denmark and 

Hughes — who w*ll probably 
be playing in Spain next season 
— was originally banned for 
three games after his sending off 
in a F.urooean under-2! 

in a European under- 
championship tie against Yugo- 
slavia in December 1983. The 
ban was recently reduced on 

England plans the son of 
campaign which sow Wales 
come close to reaching the 1 982 
World Cup finals they dropped 
only one point from their first 
five qualifying games, but then 

lost out to Czechoslovakia on 

goal difference after raking only 
one point from their last three 

England's contract expires in 
the summer and he has been 
offered the chance to stay on in a< 
part-iime capacity. "1 have been 
given the contract, but I still 
have to discuss it." he said. 

• UEFA have announced the 
dates for the qualifying matches 
in the J9S8 European champ- 

GROUP ONE: Saptembw 1ft Ramano* 
Austria; Nowmbar Spam y Rntnante: 
Dacantoar 3: AZww v Spate: Aprf 4: 

Austria y Spam: Apri^23: Romania » 

Span OeteUar 14a Spam v Austria: 
October 29: AJOarta v Romania. Nwam* 
bar Mfc Span * Atarta; Austria v 

GROUP TWEE: fitptanbarlft lartafld v 
Francs; October 11: France v Sow« 
Ureon: Nowmfier 1ft East Genrianr v 

France. Am* * Franw v letfar* Jim* 

IS.- Norway v France, saptambw 9; Sows 
U*m v Rare*. Ottouar t* France rv 
Manor ri oo tet ur 1ft Franca v East 

GFPOUp’so: Sapiamlmr ift Ftatend* 
April 1: Vfees » 

Mates * Czechosfem 

Wales * Danmart; October 4: Djnmn* v 
Wales; N oo mP er 11: Czectnfeniua * 

Graham Turner, the Aston 
Villa manager, believes his trou- 
bled side will get things right 
tonight to earn a place at 
Wembley in the Milk Cup final. 
Turner, whose resignation was 
called for by supporters after the 
4-1 home defeat by Arsenal on- 
Saturday. expects to choose 
from a full-strength squad for 
the semi-final second leg at 

He has also put off all possible 
transfer deals to boost Villa's 
relegation fight until the Milk 
Cup outcome has been decided. 
Turner said-*"! don't have to 
remind the players just how 
important (he game is. es- 
pecially after Saturday. We 
could temporarily put all our 
problems in the League behind 
us by winning at Oxford. 

“The players realize they 
failed badly on Saturday and are 
now determined to make 
amends. 1 think everybody will 
see a new drive in the side when 
they go out to face Oxford," 
Turner said . 

Defender Paul Elliott trained 
yesterday after going down with 
a stomach bug and will be fit. 
The young Australian full back. 
Tony Dorigo. who has missed 
the last two games, including 
last week's first leg. is also ready 
fora recall after recovering from 
a hamstring strain. 

Turner also has to decide 
whether to bring in transfer- 
seeking Gary Williams, who is 
fit again after a groin strain. 

Maurice Evans, the Oxford 
United manager, has an- 
nounced an unchanged side. 
The clubs drew 2-2 in the first 
leg at Villa Park and Evans 
promiscd.’Thc players know 
what is at stake and there will be 
no complacency. We will win if 
we play to our capabilities." 

Evans again prefers the trans- 
fer-listed Welsh international 
Jeremy Charles, to his record 
signing. Dave Leworthy, up 
front alongside John Aldridge, 
whose two goals in the first ieg 
look his tally, this season to 23. 

Charles said:"! have been to 
Wembley, but only as a sub- 
stitute for Wales in the home is every 
player's dream to play there. I 
would also love to face Queen's 

Park Rangers, my previous club, 
' lsh mu 

Mexico plan 

hopes rise 
in Scotland 

and fellow Welsh international. 
Robbie James, who spent seven 
years with me at Swansea City." 

The Football Association 
have settled a dispute between 
Luton and Everton over the 
venue of their third game if 
tonight's FA Cup quarter-final 
replay at Goodison Park is 

Everton refused to decide on 
the toss of a coin because they 
did not want to play on Luton's 
synthetic pitch and suggested 
Villa Park, where they beat 
Luton 2-1 in last year's semi- 
final. Luton refused and asked 
instead for Leicester but 
Everton turned that down. The 
FA then ruled that if another 
replay was needed, it would be 
at St Andrews, Birmingham on 

Andy King, a player at 
Everton for four years, has lost 
his chance of returning to 
Goodison Park with Luton. He 
was ready to play despite break- 
ing his nose on Saturday, but the 
Luton manager. David Pleat, 
said that King had also received 
severe concussion and was being 
left out on medical advice. 

The Sheffield Wednesday 
manager, Howard Wilkinson, is 
not an excitable diameter, but 
even he may fed like bursting a 
blood vessel if his team fad to 
crack their “quarter-final jinx" 
in the FA Cup sixth round tie 
with West Ham at Hillsborough 

Since Wilkinson took charge 
of the Yorkshire club in June, 
1983. Wednesday have played 
in seven quarter-final matches 
in either the Milk or FA Cups 
and have yet to get to a semi’ 

Wilkinson's big problem is 
having a fatly fit team. Tbe 
defenders Mcl Sterland (braised 
ankle), Peter Shirtliff (braised 
thigh). Mark Smith (braised 
footl and forward Garry 
Thompson (calf strain) will all 
have fitness tests before Wil- 
kinson selects his side. 

The West Ham manager. 
John Lyall. has no such worries. 
He expects to field the same 
team that beat Manchester 
United 2-0 on Sunday. 

DusseMorf (AP) — The two 
West German television net- 
works. ARD and ZDF, said 
yesterday that they plan to 
broadcast 39 games live from 
this summer's World Cup 
finals in Mexico. 

In addition to the live 
games, the networks plan to 
show recorded highlights of 
the other 13 games in the 
competition, as well as addi- 
tional special programmes. 
They also intend to schedule 
breakfast-time programmes 
that will cover the previous 
day’s play, as well as regular 
afternoon broadcasts. 

Scottish League officials will 
reopen negotiations today to 
restore football to televisura. 
Approval will be granted as long 
as the 38 league dubs accept the 
new deal for Scottish football at 
their special general meeting 

The arrangement set up by the 
nine premier division rebels and 
the Scottish League manage- 
ment committee at the weekend 
looks as if it will be accepted. 
The league secretary, Jim Fairy, 
will then talk to BBC and 
Scottish television 

Finns change 

In total. West Germans will 
be able to watch 97 hours of 
football by satellite from Mex- 
ico. The broadcasts will start 
with the opening match be- 
tween the defending champi- 
on. Italy, and Bulgaria on May 
31; they will end with the final 
in Mexico City on June 29. 
The games which are to be 
covered live are scheduled to 
kick oft: at noon or midnight 
West German time. 

cup venue 

Including radio broadcasts, 
the total cost of World Cup 
coverage for ARD and ZDF is 
estimated at 14 million marks 
(about £4.2- million). Each 
commentator’s seat will cost 
dose to £3,000 a game. Ac- 
cording to ARD's World Cup 
co-ordinator this will make 
the Mexico finals "100 per 
cent more expensive titan the 
1982 World Cup in Spain and 
aboul 25 per cent more expen- 
sive titan the 1984 Los Angeles 
Olympic Games." 

ARD is sending 30 journal- 
ists and 25 assistants to Mexi- 
co; ZDF is sending 21 
reporters and 23 technical 
personnel Both networks will 
be broadcasting from the tele- 
vision press centre in Mexico 
City, which ARD say is 
equipped with the latest tech- 

Helsinki (Reuter) — The Finn- 
ish champions, Kuusysi Lahti, 
have transferred the second 
of their European Cup quarter- 
final against Sleaua Bucharest, 
of Romania, to the Olympic 
Stadium,- Helsinki. Kuusysi'S 
average attendance for home 
matches at their compact sta- 
dium in Lahti is 1,000. but the 
move to the capital, about 60 
miles away, could attract a 
crowd of around 15,000. 

In last week's first leg, the 
Finns achcived a remarkable 
Hess draw in Bucharest. An 
lympic Stadium official said 
the pitch had been cleared of 
snow and the playing surface 
was m very good condition for 
the second leg which will be 
played on March 19. 

Monday's results 


Wycombe 1. trek 1 (aat). Fowtb 

South Bark 0, Enfold 2 Chottanham 0, 

t. Fort v ote 1 (Mt PWt Vote won 4-3 On 

QOLA LEAGUE: Nunoaton 1, Ma to ston o 


CRy 0. Derby County 0; Leicester Chy ft 
West Bromwich Albion 1. Start «- 
vMoie WohMt nm nptDn Wanderers 4, 
RoBwrfiam UPkeo 3. 


fteafti Coy fl a oi H ih LH h i tag Norwich 
2, Wortoop 2. Ttatri ro un d : Southport ft 

«More Walthamstow 4, Worthing & 
ESSEX THAMESDE CUP: soeoad reuaft 
Grays AtetaSc 2. Barteng 1. 

r - 7 " 11 1,1 



proves a 
virtue for 


Three years ago it seemed 
Ross Norman, the newly- 
crowned French Open cham- 
pion, might never play squash 
again after sustaining crippling 
injuries in a parachute accident 
in Hampshire. 

After a victory in Paris, which 
the New Zealander described as 
the biggest of his career, Nor- 
man explained.- 4 *!* was eight 
months before I picked up a 
racket and f couldn't walk for 
four months. It took that long to 
get the muscles of my legs bfcck. 

"For all that time 1 wasn’t 
sure Td play again. I was very 
anxious, living from day to d tty, 
but it seemed to be a blessing in 
disguise. After the accident I 
looked at the game differently. I 
now work a lot on my fitness 
and concentrate on shots and 
strategy. I think I prepare myself 
much better as the years go on. 
That's the key." 

The dedication paid off in 
Paris, where Norman, the world 
no. 2, dropped only one game 
throughout the tournament and 
clinched the championship with 
an overpowering 9-3, 9-L 9-5 
victory over compatriot Stuart 

Norman’s perseverance, a 
strong feature on court as well as 
off Iras been rewarded with a 
steady climb up the rankings 
after a period of inertia. He said: 
“I couldn't get past seven be- 
fore, even though I worked very 
hard. I've slowed down a tittle 
since then, but preparation is 
the name of the game. It’s not so 
much physically — I always was 
fit — but mentally 1 never get 
stale. Since June last year I’ve 
played 16 tournaments and lost 
only to Jahangir Khan." 

Jahangir, unbeaten for nearly 
five years, remains the uhimale 
challenge. His last defeat came 
at the hands of the Australian. 
Geoff Hunt, in the 1981 British 
Open. His rivals slipped out of 
his shadow in Paris, however, 
after the Pakistani decided not 
to defend the title he had won 
four years in a row, but chose 
instead to play in a more 
lucrative tournament in To- 


N Korea 



Tokyo (AP) — Kim D Sung, 
the President of North Korea, 
renewed his country’s demand 
to be joint hosts of the 1988 
Olympic Games, the North 
Korean news agency reported 
yesterday. The Games arete be 
held in Seoul, South Korea. 

Speaking in Pyongyang ax a 
rally to welcome Fidel Castro, 
the Cuban premier, Kim said: 
“Comrade ridel Castro 1ms 
consistently asserted that tbe 
24th Olympic Games should be 
held under the joint sponsorship 
of the North and the South of 

Castro arrived in the North 
Korean capital on Saturday on 
his first official visit to North 
Korea after attending the 27th 
congress of the Soviet Com- 
munist Party in Moscow. North 
Korea has threatened to lead an 
eastern-bloc boycott of the 
Olympics, which were awarded 
to the South Korean capital five 
years ago, unless Pyongyang was 
allowed an equal share in foe 
Games. Tbe International 
Olympic Committee (IOC) and 
South Korea maintain that the 
North Korean demand to split 
the 1988 Gaines would violate 
the Olympic charter and thus is 
unacceptable. The IOC and 
South Korean sports officials, 
however, have suggested a pos- 
sible compromise, allowing 
North Korea to stage some 
minor or preliminary events 

and to organize pan of the 
cultural festival. 


North Korea, in 
with South Korean sports 

g ies in Lausan n e, Switzerland. 

a. October and in January, 
held to its demand for no less 
than a half share in the Games. 
A third meeting is scheduled to 
be held in Lausanne in June. 

So far, foe Soviet Union, 
China, Cuba, Libya and Roma- 
nia have expressed support for 
the North Korean position. 
China, however, has not said 
whether it would join Pyong- 
yang in a boycott. China has 
been North Korea's ally since 
the 1 945 partition of Korea and 
the Korean War. Peking has no 
diplomatic ties with South Ko- 
rea but has indicated that tbe 
country will attend the Seoul 


handed down 

Toronto (AP) - The Inter- 
national Ice Hockey Federation 
(IIHF) imposed suspensions of 
two to five games on five 
members of the Canadian 
Olympic side and six member* 
of Spartak Moscow for a fight in 
the SpenglerCup tournament in 
Moscow last December. The 
IIHF also withdrew the licence 
of a Finnish referee identified 
only by the surnameof Kollanus 
until next January, saying that 
he “lacked foe qualification". 

Tony Hrkac and Bryan 
Benning were suspended from 
tbe Canadian Olympic team's 
next five international games. 
Tony Stiles and Paul CavaDini 
were suspended for three games, 
and Newell Brown was sus- 
pended for two. The Russian 
players. Victor Doroshcnko, 
Andrei 22ustiakov, Sergei Bori- 
sov and Vasili Kamenev, were 
also suspended for five games. 
Sergei Fokou was suspended for 
three games and Guerman 
Volguin for two. 

Widnes signing 

Widnes have signed Steve 
Bayliss. the former St Helens, 
Fulham and Welsh inter- 
national rugby league centre, as 
a free agent. 


Human blockade 

brings giant 
slalom to a halt 

South Lake Tahoe, Galifoniia 
— World Cup skiing is paying its 
annual March visit to North 
America, and foe trouble that 
has d og ged the circuit since 
December is still tagging hlong. 
On Sunday at Aspen, Colorado, 
about 50 of tbe world's leading 
men skiers refused to race in a 
gronf ebimhig that the 

course had been inadequately 
prepared. They formed a human 

blockade just below the starting 
gate and said they would not 

The same racers woe sched- 
uled to compete yesterday in a 
slalom at Heavenly Valley here. 
The course late on Monday had 
seemed to be a de qua t e l y pre- 
pared. The Only problem was a 
series of snowstorms that had 
been moving through the Tahoe 
Basra since Friday. 

The weather has been one of 
the main problems all winter for 
the World Cup as ft travelled 
from one European resort to 
another, first encountering a 
lack of snow, then too much. 
Races were postponed, then 
sometimes cancelled, although 
it was not until Aspen that the 
skiers took mattera into their 
own hands. ■ 

The problems actually began 
on Saturday, before the down- 
hill. The technical delegate from 
foe International Ski Federa- 
tion, a Canadian, declared that 
the commercial logos on most of 
the competitors’ helmets were 
bigger than foe rales permitted. 
He was overruled by Serge Lang, 

president of dm World Cup 
committee, an unprecedented 

They held dm race,-but after- 
wards, the top three finishers — 
theSwiss, ftjter Mueller, and foe 
Austrians, Peter Wzrrisbeiger 
and Leonhard Stock - refused 
to wear tbeir racing bibs for tbe 
obligatory victory pictuiMafe- 
mg. The bibs afl carried tbe 
name of the event's sponsor, 
Subaru. The skiers said that they 
were individually sponsored by 
other cansakm, but it was 
reported that they offered to put 
their bibs back on if Subaru 

would pay them cadi $5,000.- 

Lang. who the night before 
was the redpiem of the 1986 
AT&T award as siding’s man -of 
the year, again idd the skiers. to 
ignore the Aspra organizers and 
pose without foe bibs. 

That brought everyone to 
Sunday and the giant slalom, 
after an overnight rainstorm 

had softened the course. It was 
so soft that foe first lew starters 
would have an advantage in 
coming down before. foe rats 
formed. The skiers rebelled after 
tbe race jury voted, 3-2. to 
p ro ceed with the giant slalom, 
which began with two fore- 
runners crashing m succession 
because of poor visibility. 

Harald Schoenhaaf. Alpine 
director of the United States 
skiing team said: “It's true, the 
course was not in shape to have 
a fair race, but I don't like (he 
way tbe skiers went about 
getting ft slopped.” 


Davis Cup upset 
blamed on crowd 

Bona (Reuter) — Unruly 
Mexican spectators were bring 
blamed fa West Germany for- 
contrib utin g to foe defeat afkst 
year’s Darn Cap finalists fa 
Mexico City on Monday. 
Mexico’s 3-2 victory over West 
Germany came in the fifth set of 
tbe final match amid torrid 
crowd scenes watched by mil- 
lions live an toterisiea. 

- The fron t - p a g e headlme in 
one of West Germany^ popular 
newspapers, Bild, read: 
“Mexico's Scandal — Tennis 
Stars Trembled For Their 
Lives." BOd quoted West 
Germany’s Wimbledon cham- 
pion, Boris Becker, and the team 
captain, Wflhetm Bungcrt, as 
sayi^ they feared they would 
not have left the sfadfam alive If 
Michael Westphal had woo the 
final singles again st Leonardo 
LavnDe. In fact, lavalle came 
from tm sets down to win 8-10, 
3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-3 fa a 
interrupted on Sunday by had 

-West Gennan reporters com- 
plained they had to flee their 
Pres* seats when the crowd 
began to attack them daring tbe 
final match. The players, too, 
OMnptainnk they said that cush- 

ions and iH&ps of ice . 
thrown at them on court and that 
Westphal suffered a torrent of 
abuse over Ms long, blond hair. 

There was also considerable 
criticism for foe bebariotn- of the 

M whih gg pgj te Pawl I tambwK, 

who continually interrupted the 
march, waving a rule book at foe 
American umpire. Becker’s cos- 
ck Gtiadier Bosch. 

Ramirez of delib erat ely wh ip- 
pfag up the crowd to a frenzy. 

Niki Pfiic, West Germany's 
coach, nM the turafag point of 
the match came when Westphal 
led 3-1 in the fourth set. An 
eight-HtiBBte break as police 
moved hi to dear drunken, 
fi ghting fan allowed ft d fapfr” 
ited LavaBe to recover, he said. 

West Germany must now play 
Ecuador at home, probably 'm 
Dort m und from October 3 to 5, 
to avoid relegation to the Euro- 
pean zone. 

• Great Britain wffl play 
Australia at home in tike quar- 
ter-final of the Davis Cup from 
July 18 to 20. The holders, 
Sweden, Imre a home tie with 
Italy. Mexico arc at home to tbe 
United States and Czecho- 
slovakia travel to Yugoslavia. 


Cup delay 
will suit 

By Sydney Friskin 

WRAC defend 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The competitions committee 
of foe Hockey Association will 
meet in London today to decide 
the case of Southgate who have 
asked for a postponement of 
their fourth round Hockey 
Association Cup match against 
Wimbledon due to be played on 
March 16. 

Seven of Southgate's players 
will be away that day on a 
training weekend with the Great 
Britain squad and they do not 
want to risk fielding a weakened 
team against a resurgent Wimb- 
ledon side. Should Southgate 
win the cup they will have a 
chance of playing in foe Euro- 
pean dub championship next 

Six fourth round cup matches 
remain to be played and the' 
winners will join Wehon and 
Pickwick to make up tire last 
eight. As matters stand, the 
quarter-finals are due to be 
played on March 23. the semi- 
finals on April 19 and the final 
on April 20. so there is room for 
a little flexibility despite the 
intervention of foe Champions' 
Trophy tournament in Karachi 
(April 4 to 11) where Great 
Britain will be playing. 

The Army play the Royal Air 
Force in foe opening match of 
the women's inter-services 
championship at tbe united 
Services Ground. Portsmouth 
today (2.30). The WRAC are 
defending the tide they won last 
year for only the second tune. 

Tomorrow the Rojjra^Navy 

take on the losers of the first 
match and foe final 30 on Friday 
will be between the WRNS and 
the winners of today's 

Tbe Combined Services team, 
to play Combined Universities 
in Portsmouth on Saturday and 

in Surrey on Sunday,' vrill 
besetcctead ' 


I during the champion- 

(Amry Sctwot 


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3, OM Kmgstonons ft Long Sutton 2. 
Wmbtetfon 4. Thfcd iwwtlflXferj 


ft Vfta&tf 0. WbnbMofl 1; 
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ftBodwnhagi l: titem 2. Rttmond 3 
(aaft Plymouth 3, Akwtoy Edgo 2; RAPC 
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PWwnc* 3 (aat Pickwfcfc won on panaity 

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Ctaaaie Hrat romfc T ARoock (CMmha 
WJUanan (State*) 7-3. /-a. 4 


Winning Oasis 

Tbe Owis Leisure Centre in 

Swindon Ms been voted the best 

managed indoor sporting facil- 
ity in the United Kingdom by 
Sports Council judges. The Oa- 
sis beat more than 100 rivals for 
the Management Award trophy 

and £1,000 cheque, awarded 
annually and open to all indoor 
sports facilities which are owned 
or operated by local authorities. 

PONTE VEDRA (Flgrtoa): LMSteu 

nwajutaw on tea MA mm's tear ES 

untott state*: i. A Ban to 54, Si 

Garton will play. 

Billy Garton, who was si 

this week on a month's 

from Manchester United, will 
pfay at centre half for B ft-,’, 
mi n g h a m City in tonight's 1 
match at Leicester. 

a am-- 




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H-v. . 





See You Then 

retains title 

with dazzling 

By Midnel Seely 

On an t afternoon when the 


sweptjhe board by winning 
the fiisi five races, SeeYou 
Thai proved hzmsclfto be one 
of the omstaading fcurdfere of 
the post-war era with a daz- 
zlu« exhibition of speed and 
da»m the WMerfonicJysia) 
ChamjwonJffnrdle at a sun- 
drenched. Cheltenham yester- 

Sprinting dear my the final 
hid, the 5-6 favourite beat 
Gaye Bnef, the 1983 winner, 
by seven lengths, exactly the 
same margin as last year. Now 
top quoted at 3-1 to become 
the first triple champion since 
Persian War, Nicky 
Henderson's brilliant six-year- 
ojd has the Templegate Hgr- 
«e at Liverpool as his next 

“He’s a much better horse 
than last year,” Steve Smith 
codes, ‘ 
said: “I 

mature. And, what*s more, 
heU be a fitter horse next 

The picture changed dra- 
matically after the field 

take third place a length and a 
half behind Gaye Brief, fbl- . .. 

towed by Prideaux Boy, Tom gfe 
Sharp and Bonalma. 

B ®°th Mercy Rirodl and 
reter Scudamore, the lirarinpr 
and jockey of the runner-up, 
woe delighted with Gaye 
Briefs performance. “He ran a 
race,” Scudamore said, 
out from two out - 1 never 
really thought we were going 
to beat See You Then.” 

Once again Henderson has 
excelled himself in his han- 
dling of the winner, All season 
be . has been adamant that he 
has been training See Yon 
Then with only one target in 
view and how handsomely did 
See Yon Then prove his point 
and underline the trainer’s 
understanding and patience. 

.^The whole thing’s been a 
nightmare," . he confessed. 

“Last year we were just here 

■ ,i 'drSL ■ e -P™ > ast year we were just here 
f^uSZ JUS?* 10 ** J 00 *** ^a jolly, but this time there’s 
- «e f sponger and more been a lot of pressure. I*m 

Bobsline should 
bring an end to 
champion’s reign 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Badswmtk Boy, the winner of in Saxon House are running 

the Queen Mother Champion 
Chase for (he past three years, is 
ia the field again to defend his 
title. This time, though, ! think 
that he will be beaten by 
BOBSUNE (nap). 

The winner of die Arkle 

pressure. Tm 

relieved it’s all over. Steve has 

been just about die only cool River Ceiriog, the 40-1 winner 
man about the place.” of the opening Waterford 

_ During the month of the Crystal Supreme Novices’ 
*1,.. n' u £r- «eeae-m See You Then nev- Hurdle and First Bout, who 
fi3?" 5® from er left Lamboorn. “Eddy Ksb- had finished a creditable 

nome. i ne strongly-fended er worked wonders with the eighth in the championship, 

Lamboum gallops,” Bender- this certainly proved to be 

... on;. i i i -P f , ■ . 

See You Then takes the last flight just ahead of Gaye Brief before racing dear to win (Photographdan Stewart) 
Then's companions included horse in die making, but was a 

Corporal Clinger had fallen at 
the previous hurdle, but at 
that point there was stifi eight 
horses fighting for die lead, 
including first Bout; Asir, 
Circa and Gaye Brief 
“Funnily enough, that was 
my only worrying moment,” 
Smith Ecdes continued. J^See 
You Then did not appear to be 
going too well, but then he 
suddenly came back on the 
bridle and! was then sure that 
we were going to win.” ' 
Nohalmdun stayed on to 

son said; “We also worked the 
horses a lot at Bariy Hills’s 
place and once at Paul Cole’s 
at Whateombe. But we’ve 
never been to the seaside.” AD 
the favourite’s preliminary 
work had of necessity been 
conducted on aU-wealber sur- 

“The only time we got onto 
the grass at all was last 
Sunday,” the trainer went on. 
“And then it was only to 
canter.** But as See You 

work of considerable value. 

Any Lamboum optimist 
who had risked a £1 accumu- 
lator on the first five winners 
trained in his village would 
have netted £10,791 for his 
modest outlay. But judged by 
the expression of astonish- 
ment on Henderson’s face 
after the first leg of his double, 
ft would obviously have taken 
a bold man to have risked the 

ew he was a decent 

bit surprised by that,” the 
trainer said after Smith Ecdes 
had brought Cormorant 
Wood’s half-brother home 15 
lengths dear of the 4-1 Irish 
trained favourite. Deep Idol. 
Owned and bred by Bobby 
McAlpine, River Ceiriog is, 
like See You Then, bound for 
the Aintree Grand National 

The second leg of the Berk- 
shire five-timer came in the 
Arkle Challenge Trophy. After 
Music Be Magic had fallen at 
the seventh fence, the bold 
front-running Desert Orchid 
led the field a strong gallop 
until Charcoal Wally took 
over at the second last fence. 
However, once again the de- 


Televised^. 15,2.50,3.30 



2.15 SUN ALLIANCE NOVICE HURDLE (Brad* 1: £2S.08£t2m 4f)<30 
rumen) ■ ' 

iin at 


105 1221 BARftOV. 

1M 031123 COHSTf LAME 
110 tm DEEP BOLJH StoW 

iis me GMinuiEHtnK 

121 03-021 KAmrS DOUBLE 

U4 1120 KUMOOIHLafr 
126. 261421 WTTDIto/MraVl 

!* sssassfisss-Bpi"'. 

'TESGf* iL 0 " 1 !! w beaten 12% I and SHEPEROS HYMN (10-3) 4m beau 

Sancti o n - EMO FOBEWEH 

43 SUN ALLIANCE CHASE (Grade 1£27 ^«Wdi> (30) 

l) and 

manding Cheltenham hill 
proved the decisive factor as 
Ronnie Beggan drove Oregon 
Trail past his rival 
There was no relief for the 
hard pressed Irish visitors 
throughout the afternoon. 
Ravaro, joint favourite to land 
the Waterford Crystal Stayers’ 
Hurdle, was slammed 15 
lengths by Fulke Walwyn’s 
remarkable 1 1 -year-old. Crim- 
son Embers. Sheer Gold 
would have finished second 
but for falling at the last 
hurdle. This was Crimson 
Embers’ second victory from 
four appearances in this race 
and he was also unlucky not to 
have collected a third time 
when so narrowly defeated by 
Rose Ravine last year. 





Fred Winter concluded 
Lam bourn’s remarkable after- 
noon when Glyde Court won 
the Kim Muir Challenge Cup 
for the second successive year 
and Graham Bradley had 
handsome consolation for his 
fall from Sheer Gold when 
driving Peariyman home for a 
decisive victory in the Chel- 
tenham Grand Annual Cup. 

As the only jockey to land a 
double during the afternoon, 
the bold, swashbuckling Smith 
Ecdes must now be an odds 
on chance to win the Riiz Club 
Charity Trophy awarded to 
the leading rider during the 
three days of the Festival. 

Finally, the attendance yes- 
terday was 29.778, an increase 
on the previous four years. 

Challenge Trophy (wo years ago 
after that epic tfod wfth the ill- 
fated Noddy’s Ryde, BobsiiW 
was greatly fancied to deprive 
Badswortk Boy of the two- 
miter’s crown 12 months ago, 
but be made an uncharacteristic 
mistake at the third last fence 
and fell. At the doe, be was 
going ominously wdL and I 
remain convi nc ed that he would 
have won had he stood np. 

This time the big (wo enter the 
fray again oa very different 
preparations. Whereas my 
selection is tfcoaght to be J00 per 
cent following successive vic- 
tories at Down Soya! and Naas 
in Ireland, Badsworth Boy has 
not been sees in public since his 
history-making third win 12 
months ago. In the curam- 
sfances, I think that another 
victory is expecting too rnnch 
even of a trainer as skilled as 
Monica Dickinson. 

tf the Irish handicapper is 
right, fiobstine should take care 
of their other challenger Bock 
House, even though be was 
beaten about 10 lengths hy him 
at Navan in November. That 
was Bobsloc's first race of the 
season whereas Buck House bad 
been out before. Also he was 
giving Back House 101b. Today 
they meet at level weights, and I 
find it significant that recently 
Bobsline was set to give 91b to 
Buck Honse in a handicap in 

When Bock House finished 
second to Boreea Prince in the 
Arkle last year. Very Promising 
was a length and a half behind in 
third place. In the meantime. 
Very Promising has improved a 
bit bat not esoagh ia my opinion 
to trouble BobsUne now. 

Fa Ike Welwyn's bones have 
been quick to strike form since 
racing resinned a week ago after 
the stoppage last like they were 
after that much longer freeze-op 
in 1963 when he was leading 
trainer at this meeting. So hopes 


CROWN (S Satan) jAttSw7l1-4^_ 

404 311233 BOVMSBE 

405 MOPO 

406 123F12 

406 0221 QflEF KOMSSM (H joan J Gjffcxd 

409 TU0-31F CHURCH WARDEN (D) (J M orator) DJ Murray-Smart 

. k Mooney 

G Maraan 

Ai Abu Knarotn) N Gasetee ^ 

7-17-4 P Scudamore 
(ire) 8-1 1-4 A Poms 

S-lt-4 14 Retards 

6-11-4 T Jarvis 

R Rom 

137 BMW RBUM TDK SKUAS KM 0n)£-11-7 

138 821*1 RMS (A ProottD McOen 5-1 1-7 _ 

*40 01774 HULEOFTHESEA “ 

U4 420-111 1 B1 PU S 
U5 03-1131 T1C W 1 6 

821 AIMnEDOrtJ 

3-1043 ~ 


121213 VWOFEST* 

203430 CWttSTO 

733C40 HAWSER ft) Wife) 

Fill «M3IAJBJJ^gOTgra^CS|mwA.«.12 

OJMrre^smaiS-U-?-. ROumnodp 

5-11-7 sSnUhEccin 


5-11-7 — - JJO'NM 

A Scott 5-11-7 Cfewtta 

ndP9Mi«»n8-11-7 - - , KMocney 

OSqnMRjp Nctaohon 6-11-7__ PSaUsreore 

41T 3F2121 CROSS AIA8TB) ( 
412 . 4128122 (ACTIVE OR (AM 
478 34T3R 

417 334011 HARVEST i 

418 83-1441 amUAL WASTER I 

(flrofiJT 8R 9-11-4. 

7-11-4 R 

\ AreMage 9-11-4, 
y) O Sherwood 7-1 

s RCfwk 


INGasUM 7-tM. 

) (0 Hebdtdi) L Kamard B-1i-4_ 
> M Qutan) M Cunrtnflhan (Ire) 

S Sherwood 

- OBrrem 


22 MSmrtm") M cchaoHwn 5-11-4. 

42t 2 fO-Q31 LEWTOOMPiifHCEn' Fnm) SCtkisharS-l 1-4 

RatAr) Ms MRknaM 8-11*4. 

8-71-4 TCermody 
R Balfour 

>7 8PQRTM8I 
5-1 T« Pba 7-1 Bamw Una Ti 

Ltd) M Pfpa 4-10-12. 
Boa 8-11 

10-1 bn Uapid, 1M Sporting Mariner, Park. HWd 

ffi-l Outttta edg^tS -1 oOiars 

A Made*** 
P Leach 
1-1 Hanyk Dame. 

472 730482 USURY LAO (Vfl 

PMtomQGFavmhn 9-11-4, 

ITIHF SMRLSTAR BUYAbSi (D) (j Wadal j vfaoe 15-11-4.. 

428 P1S111 SOUND JSfflfflBJT (D) (Sir JThoo»wi)J Waapw (Ire) 

429 U-Offll 
•430 20-1113 

_ B 
- G 
R Eamsftaw 

Mr Malay (7) 


433 2/34-11F THECA' 

good Fatal 

gsaass ^ja^asg^agaassaaiBa 

3rd beaten SL 12 twi.Gawren 2m If hefla good neoH Fsb13.COAS3Y LANE (11-4) 3rd 
beann I5f to PKE8 PEAK (11-8) 20 can. Chepww* 2m 4< new bde soR Ore *1 . FIELD 

*°n(11-3i2nd beaten 2M to CadwflO-T? 9 ran. LaopardaUmn 2m W txfle 

17. HARRY'S DOUBLE HO-imwon $1 irom Haare^or (11-0) 21 ran. Doncasar 
47 novhefla good tn firm Mrs. OUralOEEOGE (lO-i ij 2nd baatan Ki to Ctt» De 
Guam) (70-11) 18 ran. Towcaster 2m new heia good 10 son Dec 14. RRUS ( 11 - 1 ) won 
1 Ml from VMe 01 Secrecy po-7) 15 iWLCarfisfe 2n» if now Ix8e soft Fata 4. TOPHAMS 
TAVERN 01-11) 3rd beamn 7! toS»an Led fl 1-7) wdh RULE OF THE SEA (77-77/481 
beimn 1% 15 ran. Doncaster 2m txw hde noodJbn B4.TBI PLUS 0 1-9 won If* mm 
6) woo enaihr W( mom amt inmkto fii-»j^»PS feakoi-» to» bsme»38L 18 
raruCneJwnnwn 2m 4fno* hc»a sob D«c 6. TTCJOTE BOO (U-^won nd from i 

Troy Fttr (1 i-tn 9 raoMoot 2m 4t hrflv good to vott Jan 1 0. 


Cheltenham selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Ten Plus. 2^0 BOBSLINE (pap). 3.30 Coral Delight- 4.5 Bo- 
lands Cross. 4.40 Edenspring. 5.15 The Tsarevkh. 

By MichaeHSeely 

2.15 Ten Pins. 3 JO MOTIVATOR (nap). 4JS Bolands CVoss. 

43* 1-12F1F THE LANGHOLM DYER (Edntxrgh Woofar IM) G Fbctnrds 
435 8301IIF TDRSfflEl 

SIDE (6 < 

436 3-1 021 F COTTAGE LEAS ( 

7-11-4 VkicKedd 


A Brown 


OMM 4 Sowd.Judgafflan!, 6-1 TtotodyooL 7-1 Strands ofGoM.8-1 

tt ljl won itt hern Alienc STREAM |7-I-12> with 
GALEGBWfl Ql-ft y baaMna ge nfl CHU RCH WARDEN (1 1-12) ht ad. 7 ran Aacot 

an new cn pood Feta 5. CHURC7 “ ■ 

n 2-0) Wtth STRANDS OF OOlD 
soft Jan 11. 

raaWohfrtwnjptooSre U_novbT«^V»cft^'3'rifEC3frai»6oL'a^^^ 

IPM “ . - - 

ea>1iar (l(M 0) ■won Sl tromC fanxaic (10-10)10 ran. Santtovm 2m 41 novch soft Jan 4. THE 
LAMSNQLAE DYER fomst in toad *4isnMt3 oAesrtar (11-5) won 11 Iran Durham Edl- 
■"JC, 1 # 6 9200 J 5 'Sjg«Nov 23.TORSOE totta tel & imawaad. ear 
g^n^wja^^^fcwril-riUien.TauntDnamllnaretaao 1 ~ 

(amateurs£10 I 17Dc4m) (23) 




11»4» OMER7A {Mrs J McMomn*) J ScotlfrW 6-12-7 

IM811 PAT MCSS (Mrs S Prarrica Rarwr) uHarts (frej 

7-12-7 C 



2.50 QUEEN MOTHER CHAMPION CHASE (Gknda 1: £24^«fc2mJ so* ^otoi bwble boy 

505 "" * ' 


201 ltl/12 *- 8AOSWOR7HBC7Y(C-D)(D Ai7rtrag»)fcfrsMCfcAt»0n n 1: onrrj , n rl „. 

(Mrs EOthsMEO'aadyrM 7-12-4 

(0 Mcnapu) NHardarson MM 

28-1F23 SJBiSPRJNGi 

506 P-24210 POOR HAL (Anna Duchees cl Wanunaed R Fnncic 

■i-U2T?i auqcHou^fl 
205 11D2TO1 FEAl&ESSjM 




ear ezn/n another dragon (Mrs waantantM pipe 

|p^^fe5=rrt<£?» R 4S SSHMRXSiElSAL. 

ITnswt) R Shapherd 11-12-0 . 


R Strange 

9-124) SSrtHh Ecdes 

11-124) GBredtoy 
r KctaOs 

207 T1-tf33 KATMESLAD 

208 222FD4 LITTLE BAY (C-O) (M 13 S Celhwvreod) G Rlehartto 

208 3T0214 OUR F»!^4 TTOOtJ J 

is sss sssaaSsSaasss 1 ,® <cr PScudmm 

WtoSw.3-1 BermwthBoy.T^BoekHowLMlMrrPnm^ 

25-1 Other* 


507 82PWP2 


5KI „ . 

512 Q-0F424 PLUS) 

sis aaroao 

0P-442F LAMEHan 

1 10-124). 
r 7-12-0— 

8-12-7 jQoeaiy 


TThoson Jonas 

0-12-4 S Crank 

MfS M RTtieB 7-12-0., .. 

1 (Hunt A CO Bouraaracuth) T Bupn 

_ EWwam 

Or LAWfflgJ (J Buhowta) J BrAoveto 7-12-0 
1 21 POPLAR SafiAREfP Hams) Mrs MflknsS 7 

’- 12 - 

7-12-0 WtoiMw 



CSpcrfiorg 12-12-0 

) W A Swpftanson 5-120. 

♦A J Wilson 10-12-0 

Phatoy 8-120. 





513 tt SHEBDON 



522 4-C4FF2 WISE WORDS (Mrs K “ _ _ 

S3 20IM9 BALAS Obs M Honon) pHortan 1 1-fl-e 

524 P/4-30 BSH0PS6EU. (tors CCIarai Mrs C Park 8-11-fl 

525 00 GALOGUEB«jffi(mtMraJGeome)J Georgs 7-il< 

525 P42PW Tae^nn?mtomi^BMtijMn8-llT 

527 P0/004P WOLD SONG (I Ussod) Mrs CCttk 10-11 -9CQ«»« 

IM Omarta .7-2 WMt fltoM Brodto Boy. 6-1 Poplar Spoara, 6-1 Sfensprin* 10-1 
Vul^na Gamoe. 12-1 Matoer Ol Shaw, 20-1 amors 



m esgaasssas? 

304 1Z4S1I j«5»*S®wSS8^Sp«SMW ***** 

) 5-11-7 — — Jlmwr 

F 0 ^9ggSSy.g2Ja*PL t N | »« l ! ^ OropSorift (1t-lg)16ran. Maaaan 3f nov ch 

heavy FBD 5. PAT MCGEE ni-G) non M Ironi tor Baker (1 1-10) 9nr. OonmM 3mn ca> 

TO haevy Feb B BUMDUE BOY (11-9) won 2Y ,\ from MASTHJ OF MANE (18-0) 13 WL 

3rd twoaan T3( to vbn TV:mp«(TT 
PWWR SQUAffino-lffl won Tf,\ from Beck 
I soft Mar 8. ANOTHER MAOW (1(3-5) 2nd 
an 22 . 



4)7ran.Kam(Han . _ 

tog (ll-» I4jan Cnetntow 3m now eh ... 

‘i »SWfltTOy (70-12113 ran. VYoNerftwnpton 3m u met* good Jan 

3 ® asm* 

310 M22» EMC 


11J 1 H CranK 


311 : te£«S 


S Starwood 
_ GtocCwrt 
G Bradley 

(£12,230211141) (19) 

602 2ft-13U2 RFTY DOLLARS MORE (OO) (SneBOi Afi Atau Khamsin) 

FMw 1 Mi-7 P Scudamore 

MR) Snler)NHandeison io-ii-s JWtae 

■ MHEBtafo9-11-4 JJ O'Ned 

SBittrfsostJGffKad 8-H-3 RRo«w 

(Us P EBacUtob) L Kmnard 


N Henderson 1U-11-3 SSmtfi Ecdes 

J Theme Mi-1 - JHurarn 

A Stsgneosan 8-10-9 ASimui 

Man) W A Stotomton M57 



IF) (EBHggsl G Rfctame T-iO-5 

684 102482 TTET3AREV1CH 
605 *41114 



173000 CUSStfOH 
190300 BEAURANOal 
221112 DURHAM Md 
■ 293F14) WSttTtt^ 

616 3-34113 RQACSTOi 

617 134113 AMmtfti 
919 0-311 PI ANOTHStH 
52S 102203 WtoTTEtottHi 







pUwy)M McGatf) fire) 7-lM. 

1 M Cronngpam iGiO -2 

627 J12*3HKaaBGH BRIDGE- 

628 *H-P40D0V3LEUASM, 

629 2BMT1KLM0H _ 


.. _ KMoraan 

;MtoH Atoenj j Gttfon) 7-190 E tanfcyu) 

RJVERjC-0) — (Mra J MoukQ D ftoOtscn 7-10-C— 
(SBurtUQ JO Roberts 12-190 C Brown 
— (BOvkfC (times 12-100 C Mann 
— p Cowan) D Yeoman MOO CtttH«n5 

laisaT Dawt (7) 

Q Chartes Joner 

- 1 1-4 Ryaman. 7-2 Fifty DMara More. 5-1 Simon Lejne.S-1 UUmofar. 7-1 OasaiAcd. 
8-1 Anottw GVy. 10-1 Kiran SuAcm. 12-1 Durham Btton. 16-1 Otnera 

FOna t FTTY PXLAR8 MORE (TMJ 2nd beaten 5( fo Battnacurra Udi11-3l w» 

W.Y YEOHAM jlO-2; 3rd bearen i(S, 
T8ARCY1CHri1-a- • - - 


ran. SandtPWfl 2m 41 R'capcn soft Fab 1. THE 


0 1-6) 6 ran. Chebenham 3m 11 TO good to soft Jan 25. AH- 
»a beaian 45f » Gemtandge Joptar (TO-i) 8 ran. Seated 2m & 

tovsa TEM A ^ g. taw Forever. > 

bnten 141 10 "^ 

OWttft CITY 
n'ceoTOsatt .. 


whan le« 3 out, 10 ran. CMBentoca 2m 41 h’Cto 
NOOKRAKER (11-10) 2nd oesan stLhd to Very 
ran. Ascot 2m 4) TO good to soft Jen 11. ROADSTER (11-8) 3«J 


GOtNGgood to soft 

2-0 HARRY HAWK MAIDEN HURDLE (Dhr 1£l,C3922m 150yd) (16 1 


Jfifr Strange (I0C-1J w 

ALSO RAN: 7-1 Knockaly cSttatfln 4th 
dsq. weather The Storm. 9-1 YaUs 5th. 
Jasper, 10-1 Oppidan. 14-1 Canute 
Express 4th. Shannon Spray. My 
Oonunton 16-1 Ho reyg rove Banker, 20-1 
Fandango UghL 25-1 Asswan, 33-1 

Danish Ftigtn. Den The MBar, Mra Mucfc F. 
Yank Brown, (nrtney ftutos. 40-1 tomerti 
Bid. 50-1 Stakes Sovereign. Deer Crest 
Metman, 66-1 Master Cameron, 100-1 
Ctaar Bust 5O0-I SaaraA Barnsft Lady. 
Browne's Return. Light Decision. 29 ran. 
NR. Corage Run. 19. Iftf. «J. sfihd, 8L N 
Henderson at Lamboum. Tore Win 
£3430 Place: £17.40, £2.00, £3280. OF: 
£47930. CSF: 065.52 TRCAST: 
£13383.61. After an stewards inquiry 
Knocfcauy Csstto who Brushed tourBi was 
















>• sa^KSRnaBc: 

... O imXmo j^nJ Keegan) J H Baker 5-1 1-8 


Kaagen)J HBatef 5-11-6. 

- BWftgnt 

.l|NZ)rSout>emRaan0LKI)DBwunB5-)l-6 . 

GOLDEN REIGN (Ctnpsnw BtoodstoaAgency Ltd) G Graoay 6-11-fl CCox 

► WILL (VVsJRTOert Mrs JRewr 6 - 11-6 CG«S 

ftAGBfSBOYlDE(MRSS)OOT4eM5-11-6 JSufiwn 

^ S^^W5i«2DtantjPHayn«6-ll< Jtorew 


. KDooton 



KOBEY BAY <j Heaton) Ms sofear 7-11-1 


l p Juctes > R Jockes 4 - ,[} - 13 - 

re. E ”^“- M a* “=» 

2J5 JAN STEWER NOVICE CHASE (Diy 1S2,75&2m 150yd) (9) 

2 20-1123 DEEP IMPRESSION (BF) (N G MA1S) N A Gaastoe 

® °rifBSP0 BANNOCK PWHCE ^^raymer tocpw^ K B tohep 011^4”f.!f!!! IB J l Sw , 





£ 21 . 21 5 : 2 ml 

OREGON TRABL b g by Auction Ring - 
Oriental Star (WPdneonby;6 11 8B J 

gr g by Yankee Goto . 
Mas BaMka (J Murael) 7 11 8 B 
PraweS (11-1) 

Deeert Orchid gr g by Grey Aft rm 
Rower ChUd (R axridge) 7 11 8 
Btown (11-2) 3 

ALSO RAN: 11 -4 RavBfirtn 5th, 9-2 Music , 
Be Magic F, 11-2 For Auction F. 11-1 
Barnes, 1G 1 Rhytftmc Pastones P.U. 20- 
1 ABten Glazed 8th. Broad Beam. 33-1 
French Umon. 40-1 SArer Wind F. 66-1 
Rivers Edge 4th, King Jo P.U. 14 ran. KL 
8L BL 5L TO. hd. S Christian at Lamboum. 
Tote «n: £25.00. Places: £4J». (2.40. 
£2 50. OF: £76 40. OS.F; £l4AB3.Tncast 

HURDLE (£41. 43S2m) 

YOU THBt ar 9 bv Royal Palace 
wood Stud Ltd) 6 12 

) THEN TMfS V Ednwtosj N Mtci 

„ . _ .CASWO(ANt*on»JDftobortsl 

IB 01Q0- SLVER SEBRIGHT (D EdMards) J H Baker 7-11-4 . 
20 PP60P raPL£MAL£Y (Mrs E Tucker) H Hodges 6-11-4.. 
S MZMAsprmgir smart) LCotMMOos.. 

26 100/000- RA0a0WSPRriGS[0 Marti 



RAINBOW SPRMGS (0 Martin) 0_Tucker 6-10-13_ 
3 Danes] M 

George Knight 

5K.VBI SUUD (Mrs Bt 

I MP(pa 7-10-13. 

4j Deeptayaaloft 9-2 Siver Maid. 8-1 Bannock Prnoa. 10-1 Rahtim Sjxtogs, 13-1 

NO)f8l CURD. 1H OtnOfS 

HURDLE (£731 :2m 150yd) (13) 

ICHDHAMlk . . 

00 OR CORNEIJUSIG Ham) G Ham 5-125 ._ 


330400 GREYTDSNADD®aort)TKeenor5-iO-11 ... 
000 P BOJLYlf S PHfflE (S SutckHa) Mrs S Okvw5-1Q-11 

*00-00 APRIL G EM pPHNkw)Oa*TOfli 6-108 

OPOO-F CQPERMCOMrs A Mutgmi) M Pipe 5-T0-6 

0*2400 WATER EATON GAL (CSurrougltfM Ape 6-106 

0 S South- Eoctos (5-6 Fay) 
i Lucky 

Gaye Brtet bo by L 

"lAIAnu Khamsin) 9120 P 

Navarro- Bay Tree 
F O'Bnen (4-f Jt- 


- re 1 

_ _ . Bnet •• Areata 

Gave (Sheikh i 
Scudamore (74-1) 2 

Noharnchm b g by Dragonara Pataca 
Damsel (Wcetay Farms LM) 5 12 0 J J 
aNe«(&i) 3 

ALSO RAN: 11-1 Corporal Otogar F. 12-1 
Kesstor. 16-1 Hertaert Uraad. Rrst Boat 
20-1 Aonoch, 25-1 Asir. Humberatde Lady 
Sih. Stans Pttoe. 33-1 Bonalma 6m. 40-1 
Aranm. pndeeux Boy 4th, 50-1 Bruges F. 
Tom Sharp. 66-1 Out 01 The (boom, Ra 
Nova. Robin Wonder. 100-1 One, 
Jamasmeao, 200-1 VOyara. 50CM 
Giszepa Amin. 23 ran. NR: Southerner. 
7L 15rl. nk. 2*L hd N Henderson at 
Lamboum. Tote van: £2.10. Races: El 
£3-60, £3.80. OF: £13.60 CSF: Cl 336 

HURDLE (£2081 (X3m If) 

CRIMSON EMBERS b g by Chevto 
(tammg View (Mrs S Smart) 11 11 10 
SShWon( 12 - 1 ) 

Ravaro TO m by Raga I 
^ftowtoy) 6 11 5RF ^ 

Against The Grem & q by Oats - Bara 
Game(BBrooKS)5li 10R Dunwoooy 

ALSO RAN: 4-1 Jt-Fav Sheer Goto F, 9-2 
Utomght Coum P.U. 13-2 Sabtn Ou Lor 
P.U, fO-t Safe s image P.U. 12-1 Kings 
Cortege Boy 6th. The Liquidator, Ivi 
Bnttany Boy 5th, 2 S -1 Baton Sunshme, 
Knsrenson, 33-1 Bfflng Forest 4ih. 50-1 
Qoktspun P.U. 6&-1 ifewter BO. 200-1 
Angw Bank P.U, Caratooat P.U. Prmcw's 
Otive, Me®e.19ran7l5L2HU'H.ll.nh F 
wahvyn at Lamooian. Tote Wim £13.40. 
Places: 020. £210. £11.40. OF: £2230. 
CSF: £5635 Trtoast £2.18539. 

CHASE f£10.1{ 

GLYDE COURT 0 g Oy Borean 
Enstavemenl (C Crornn) 9 11 0 Mr J 
Cues* (134) 1 

’Y ana ena rt b a by Mmetok - Legal 
Fonune (Mrs j Line) 9 1 1 0 Mr P Denras 
(8-1) 2 
Run To Me ta g by Ctoer Rnw • joyful 
Tears (N Mnroe4) 11 9 12 Mr T MitTOeB 
@5-1) 3 

taercoto b g by Ltoacre - Mascanta (Mre M 
9 10 ID Mr A J Martin (16-1) 4 
RAN: 11-Z Fav The Thmker. 7-1 
KeUy s Honor. S-1 Broomy Bank 5m. 
Luora F, 16-1 Aston House, Sommelier. 
Greenwood Lad BX>. 33-1 Lento. 40-1 
Fred Wkner, Heto to&wy Um, 50-1 
Crack A Jokflfilh. 66-1 Burglars Wafc P.U. 
Keep A Pftwuse. KKM Our Bara Boy, 
CasaKmp&20raa 5SL2KI. 1M, HMLPT 
at Larmxsjm Tote mil- £7.00. 
Places: £240. £1.70. £7.51 £420. OF: 
fiaail CSF; £4145. Trtcast EB47.43. 


drax*-7 GTOKTttora*^ 

Newton Abbot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Sword Play. 2.35 Deep Impression. 3.10 Baule Master. 3.-I5 
Broadheath. 4J>0 Brother In Arms. 4.55 Giollarena. 5.25 

100yd) (15) 

4EA7H(C-0)IM Marsh) D Barons 9-1 M0 P Metals 

MEAMfH Joel) J Gittord 10-11-10 — 

i ax (Clip Norman) K Btsm 11 - 11 -O C Cox (4j 

t CAHWVALIC-D) (Mrs M BesQK Btshoo 10-10-7 J Frost (7) 

2. 241-1P0 BRIGHT 

5 114-243 FWEDRttL 

6 233F21 EASTER 

<C-D)(MrcMBssi)K Bishop 10-10-7 j Frost 

7 FODP/OO- NOPMOON (A Ho»^ P Rotas 11-1 0-7 

8 P3J-40P IWGJUfm>^SiPoptm)PBjtay10-10-7.. 

9 8212-PP OUgQBttC-fci jP Wan PWW 3 16-10-7 c 

10 410-220 CHEAOLEQflEQI (Geo H WeTOer Ud) T HakBU 9-10-7 B 

12 2F-1242 GOLDEN HORNET (KWDuw)KW Dunn 3-10-7 

13 12TO00 RETS EL (T Ba nlBtD C Poptam 7-10-7 PDreer 

14 2PT3-PP BAY FOKESTK>Of (hbio Ctatfrtur tors E Kenrenj S-iO-7 Bdehaan 

15 3P99UF DOUBLE JACK KXmS StovenstS Stwarts 12-10-7. 

16 3P/01O- HARVEST HYMN (0 C»ter) 0 Carter 8-10-7 

17 343203 PflJHCEBU5KJM£(F Gorman) F Goman 11-10-7 

18 4) NATIVE TRAIL {W Cook) NKa 

I Whom 

k)N Karrack 11-10-7- 

M Yeoman (7) 

9-4 BrceTOealtv 3-1 Fke Dni, 4-1 anght Dream, 92 Easts Carnival. 1(M Rogano, 12-t 
Gotoen Homei 16-1 others 

high that TEN PLUS will win 
the San Alliance Novices’ Hur- 
dle — and with every justifica- 

Those who race regularly at 
Cheltenham have already seen 
him in sparkling form twice this 
season, initially in December, 
when he won a race over today’s 
course and distance in a mud) 
foster time than the one that 
Midnight Count clocked on the 
same afternoon. Only sixth in 
today's race 12 months ago. Ten 
I^os is considered to be a rnnch 
better horse now. 

Abcriow, Field Conqueror. 
Pike's Peak, and Ibn Majed 
coaid form the nucleus of his 
opposition today, with the easy 
Kempton winner. Aherlow, 

appealing to me as a particularly 

good each-way bet. 

Walwyn is hopeful that Arctic 
Stream will ran well in the Sim 
Alliance Cluse, but it is hard to 
envisage him beating Nick 
The two have met once already 
this season at Ascot where 
Bolands Cross came off the best 
by 10 lengths. Even on 41b better 
terms, Arctic Stream shook! not 
manage to get his revenge, 
although be must go close. 
Before that. Bolands Cross had 
won both bis other races at 
Kempton easQy and K will take a 
good one to topple him now. 

A more open race than the 
Coral Golden Hurdle Final it 
would be hard to imagine. 
Having trained Willie 
Worn pic ins to win this race three 
times in succession, no one has a 
better grasp of the situation than 
Mrs “Boy” PQkingfon. So 1 give 
her useful mare, the aptly- 
good chance of following ia 
Willie Wompkins’s footsteps 
after commendable perfor- 
mances at Warwick and Ascot 
before the freeze-up. At War- 
wick, she stayed ou gamely to 
beat Ribobetle. Gold Tycoon, 
Shepherd's Hymn, and The 

The Man Himself, Mick's 
Star, and Motivator roold turn 
oat to be more troablesome than 
the ante-post favourite. Aban- 
doned Warrior. 


Green let 
down by 
her horse 

By Jenny MacArthnr 

Lucinda Green, the world 
ihrec-day event champion, will 
not be defending her title at the 
world championships in 
GawJer. Australia, in May. Her 
horse. Regal Realm. “rweaked”a 
tendon a month ago and Peter 
Scott Dunn, the official team 
ve L said yesterday that the 15- 
year-old horse had noi re- 
sponded to treatment and would 
not be ready in lime to compete. 

Mrs Green said: “It's dis- 
appointing. particularly as Regal 
Realm, being a tough and 
athletic little horse, would have 
been par for the course in 
Australia. But I've had an 
incredible run — you have to 
expect this son of thing with 
horses." She hopes Regal Realm 
will be back in work by next 
spring at the latest 
A pan from being a big set- 
back to Mrs Green, her absence 
will deprive ihc British team of 
their most respected partner- 

Fifth victory 
for Felton 

Mike Felton rode his fifth 
winner of the season on Monday 
when Matt Murphy confirmed 
his Tweseldown form in a 
division of the open race at the 
Bicester and Warden HiB point- 
to-point (Brian Beel writes). 

On the same afternoon Lucy 
Crow got off the mark on Smile 
Hill in the PPOA race at the 
South Herefordshire. The ladies 
race here was won by Mercy 
RimeU's ex-Irisb handicapper. 
Three Counties, giving her 
granddaughter. Caroline, her 
second winning ride. 

Sunytyn. Rut Apple Crumble. Ladles: 
Biockie Law. Open (: Matt Murphy. Open 
III Lattotot Mj- Shytocte Retreat Mtfc l: 
Game Prince. Mdn II: Dremore Castle. 

Stye. Atg Morgan, ladtas: Three Coun- 
ties. Open: CTOmtaesy. PPOA t Spartan 
Onem. PPOA U: Snub HR. Mdn £ 
Champagne Pen. Mdn ft: Gold Wander. 

4.20 HARRY HAWK NOVICE HURDLE (Dhr 2*1, 04ft2m 150yd) (16) Sedgeffeld results 









24 BROTHER IN ARMS (CROtoMCfloadi 5-1 1-8 

0 COWAL SHORE (C Parker) SMefcr 5-1 1-6 

0 DREAJ4COAT (U8A) (FrraQatB Ltd) O O’Ned 5-1 1-6 — 

EN GOUKAS1 THEDN fVrs M Snow) G Dotage 5-11-6- . ... 

OP J»WY BIWARDS (DiDChesney) Dr DChesney 5-11-6 DrDOnsney 

0 KTNGTDRKliSoi^iamRactogLKnD Barons 5-11-8 Pmehots 

MEATTKE roULKES (NZ) (C RFtxJ*as& Sons Ud) 0 Barons 

M Hamngwi 
— JSutnem 

P IIOLYBDEMJH(8Moare) WGTianer 5-tl-6. 
W RtVBtHUBOYlA AyWt) A AyteBB-11-fl__~ 
0 ROWLANDS LAO (Mra M FBI) r HototB 6-11-6. 
P RELKOMAIDfrSiaimrsgiQ ~ 

0 HQHREY (BWhesdeyJUPit 

$-11-61* BTowers 

G Janas 


WANTHOfMra A Sob) K BflMP 4-10-13 
HAPHANTUS IN Lake) R Frost 4-1B8_ 
HBSWMBi WALK (M Austin) H AyO«B 4- TM . 


1 i-JRrotanarw. 4-1 Hcmetey. 7-1 ftoiHsnds Lad, 10-1 Braftar in Anns 3 Cow) Stare. 
14-1 DrsmcOK, 16-1 Matt TtaFoiRws. 20-1 adwra 

4^ dAN STEWER NOVICE CHASE (DiV 2: £2,758: 2m 150yd) (9) 

3 060010 HOPE GAP 


5 0231 FO G10UJUETTJ 

10 0000)00 F1TBUYLEID 

17 0041200 STRAIT 

18 30/F 5WNGMGTM0. 


ZStZnhOB) 1, Band Bam (A Brown 7- 

1), 2. Son Of Manado(6-1 Jl-Fav):3.Ascoi 

Aoain (20-1). Gotoen Holly 5-1 Jt-Fav l 21, 
2L 21 ran. M H Easterby. TotK ES.4Q, 

£1.40, £150. £3.70, £22t OF £11.60. 

CSF 646.45. Trtcast £651 J9. No out, 
£30 (2m 41 Mto) 1, Snarl Jade (M 
Meagher 5-1); 2, D6rano (10-1)-. 3. Hear 
NO Ew nt-11 Fav). «. 14 ran. NR: 
Bishop Bray. Uaieslic Star. B Fisher. 
Tom E7.80. EZ4 oT E2.40. £1-50. DF: 
£102.10- CSF: £63.42. 

3L0 (2m nl TO) 1, Border Knight IS 
Chartwn 2-1 Favfc 2. Ivacop (95); 3. 
Tlerenea (6-1). Sltl. *1.10 ran. JHaWttW- 
Toie: £3.00. £1.20. £220. 2130. DF: 
E4.8Q. CSF: E11.53.TR1CAST: £43^7. 

3-30 (3m 000yd TO) 1. Emu Deeper (D 
Dunon 6-1); 2, Great Targum (11-2); 3. 

ON (Uss R Da La TorrttJ Ihomo 9-1 

Barons) D Barons B-11-4 

Data) N Mftchel 10-ll-4____ 

1-4... L Stoomtatt (4) 
— PUcnoife 

Gamawood P4-1L Repent' (11-10 Fav). 
Z5L 81. 11 ran. NR: Javwefl. J BtonoeiL 
Jcae: £4.50, £1^0. £2.70, BL50. DF: 
£1860 CSF. £45.66 

■ (C Paster) W R Wtans 6-1 1 4 . 

) E Raw 10-11-4., 

. a J ones 

AO (3m 600yd TO) 1. Flying An (Mm D. 
_ Cfltoer 2-5^1 Edonburt 05-1); 3, 
m R a m toli^ Buck (5-1). Nk. CfeL Trtn. A. 

) K Bishop 6-10-13.. 

HANDICAP CHASE (£1 1 ,389TOn) 
PEMLYM AN D g by MartOanua-Paartyrlc 
cure PSnaw)7 11 5G8radtoy(14-i> j 
b a by Dusky Bo^fartap 
9 10 E Mrrptiy (l«*1) 2 

id by KaraDeE-Leonvsr (L) 
fll2JJONe«(B-l) 3 
Stowed Operator b g to TTOukM-Tempto 
U0) (J Upson) 9 11 4 M T Cosiato(20-1) 

ALSO RAN 6-1 Fav The County Store. 7» 

1 Peter Anthony P.U, O-l Admirals Cup. 

10- 1 Anoster Browfhe 6th, Kevmstort 5m. | 

11- 1 Tam. 12-1 Jo COfomtao, 14-t Nudge 
Nudge. SraySsHF.20-) TTOBarHtoes. 
33-1 Atatana, GoneteK, Just For The 
Crac, 50-1 ftjunentes P.U, 100-1 Orp 
Batta 19 Baa NR; The Rajact 3L X 41 3, 
2MJ.J AC Edwards® Ross-on.Wyti.Tote 
mh: £20 JO. Ptoero: CS.S0. £4-00, £1.80. 
£6-00. DF: £23&2D. CSF £16104, 
TRICAST: C1.330.2B. 

Jackpot: Not non. Ptocap o fc E2S48J5. 

J Frost 

7-4 Sarny Lux, 3-1 OofarttS. 9-2 Hope Gap. 6-1 STOtfortf Place, 8-1 Cop Youreeff On, 
12-1 omen # 

5J5 PETER DA VEY HANDICAP HURDLE (£2^3&2m 5f) (18) 

1140- BAKDELERD (AHotova) M Ptoe 6-12-1 — 

CHARLIPS COTTA® JWraM- Thome) U Henderson 8-1 1-11 — BdeHaan 

10- ARDOOT BPS Lttl 8 Swrene 6-11-7 J M Dawes 

002-300 ROAD TO MANDALAY (8) (O (Data AdnsettLJiflQBtoons 

JBff £110 £1&30. DF: 
£2430 CSF: £12.63 
430 ( 

Smnn. 1 

Ramwi . 

Tora: E8.5a £240. £1.10. £1.40. DF: 1st 
or 2nd witti smother horse £1.50. CSF: 

PtoCCpK £1320 










| D BmheH 7-11-&. 


023110- CASSOULMrsECttbertaDBro 

RtOXV *U5TB?AM^(C)^M^RCharapren 6 - 11-2 POoutUB 

- Course specialists 

I Nortnorert R Hodges 10-11-0 

adtonfl P Roctart a-iO-11 CC 

003*12 (ME FOR MAItilY(0(C ftooCT)C Roach 540-11 

X I M SH 0 UTTTOUT©{M* 5 J Cam) J Carat 9-10-11 
OP- l£ (SWMR4K Bel) OWn* 7-l(M_ 

000004 R»TtXD (USA) DavteS) PBatay 8 - 1 M 

32214-0 MBJXJN LADY (C) (G Taykx-Weo&er) T Hnletl 

232*00 CARADOW IB Wheat 
0030-00 stars ahb Stripes 
1100ft) ABSTS5 BOOT 
000-020 PARTY HISS {( 


C Gray 
Goorp Kftgnt 

S-HMSamaratu Orosw 

J Frost 

7-2&e EarMammy.M RoadToMsndalay. 11-2 Shouttow. 6-1 UsUon Late. Carado. 8-1 
Cassc UL Gothttawn. 10-1 Le Lavador, M-i afters 


TtotUERS: Mrs M DitiaDSCn, 23 Wimers 
1i0»n 77 rurmara. 29.95fa; F Winter, 47 Horn 
231. 20.3%. B Mtotor. f 1 ftp# 56. ISA 
JOCKEYS: D Browne 8 winners bom 26 
noes. 28 8V R Eamshew. 8 tram 35. 
223%: A Brown, 6 honL2fl. 20.7%. 


7RAWERS: W iTSlier. 8 winners from 47 
lUhnats. ia5V M pipe. 38 from 200. 
18^. D Barons. 20 from 128. 15.6V 
JOCKEYS: R Dennis. 1 1 wmnerS from 66 
rtoes, 1 6 6V B WnTOL 1 1trom 1 1 8. 93A* 
J Froa. 19 from 207. 85V. 

O ne of the points we make about clients largely depends on the calibre of 
the role of our consultants is 1 the consultant who saw the applicant in 
that it is not so much a job but more the first place, 
a way of life. As Qausewitz might have put it, if he 

We know, from experience, that the had considered the matter, it takes a 
calibre of the applicant we send our good 'un to spot a good ’un. 

W* 4o “ W 

} 2^ t0 Mustique. She* s enjoying li» 

2 t' J too nuch with Senior Secretaries.? 

... ^ ^ . tsr 



£12£00 Westminster 

As a sophisticated, artrcutaa 
PA/wereiaiy, at ease dealing 
wHi tbe international business 
community, this imErestag post 
vvltt attract you 

You will wotfc in tandem wttti tie 
W) of a blue chip ntsmatknal 
hotdng company interests 
ranging horn teal estate to 

A posihvs attitude md too ability 
to act tteciawehr are 
prerequisites, as we shorthand, 
typing and admin state. These 
abilities wri be taken tor patted 
but you, as an mdhndual, win non 
Age 30-40. 

Te&qflmna 01-580 4422. 





We are a leading firm of consultants employing architects, 
engineers and other professionals worldwide. We require an 
assistant aged 25-40 for our media relations coordinator. 

The post is a new one which promises to be interesting and 
varied. The appointee would require excellent organising 
ability, secretarial and communication skills, as well as a 
desire to assume responsibility. A sense of commitment is 
necessary and a sense of humour is essential 

Salary wiU depend upon experience. Attractive benefits in- 
clude profit sharing, free life assurance and pension scheme. 

Please write giving full details of qualifications and experi- 
ence and present salary to: 

Maureen Preston, 

Deputy Staff Manager, 


13 Fitzroy Street, 


The Queens Award for Export Achievement to 
OveArup Partnership. 

I i ll 


To Director of Services 
London WC1 

The Sooty's work n cso| tor ctddren is acsral toe most 
rcsmaal n to raknay nomaaL The Sauces Oman 
esflap snnd 80 stiff art is nespanjibfc fcr penanKi, trara- 
property and a range of aba annua l sawgs. Tba tenanfct 
m das field d iwdi need do 

Tbe Elector of Semites fas lost bis iscraian after six 



r > office overload ;; 



$ The ‘Staff Care'p^ 
k ★ £150 Holiday l 

*★ Holiday V/ \ 

% ★ Guarant^ \ ^ 

| ★Social/^ __ _ jfi.V 


The Children’s Society . 


and Associates 
Recnztane&t CoosaJtaHts 
TdepfeoaeOl-637 5277 


Wb urganOy require SHORTHAND/AUDIO SECRETARIES wttfi or 
without LEGAL and Word Processing experience to join or 
tnendy Temp Teaml 

Mto nttpeyig; to CSJ0 per Ur PfaMHoMerPtqr-f Bonk NbBdqr 


for toe right person with the right sWSl 
Lob of bookings in City + West End. kranecSata Start CaS us 
NOW tar turtoer Mpnnidion. 


Experienced secretary 25-40 required for small 
and active Investment Company in tbe City. 
Salary negotiable up to £10,500. Applicants 
must have accurate shorthand/typing and be ca- 
pable of helping to run small office. Will train on 

Please apply in writing enclosing fall c.v. to: 

Parque Investment Company Limited, 
12-18, Artillery Lane, 

London El 7LS. 

01-247 4334 

£9,600 + 

This is a prastigeous position working tor a Senior Partner of a 
Mngor bilema&ond firm. R would sun an Mepencant & mature 
person aged 33 tg late 4ff3 wSh proven secreJarraii ccram*»- 
cation skfls. Ytw fleribfity & Bair lor organising will be fully used 
■’■WO.V-I-P- kBChes^ trmd - through own dept. etc. 7 tns 
conpany a located n niparb City atficos & has eoeetom ww* 
m ccntStons & petka. Cefl Lorrune Hndmarsh 406 6148 
MngstanO Pen Corns. 


£8,509 mg 

Vte a* a brae tdemafiood MvefcJng Agency in Si James’ Sa art an 
srtong an reBagert. sefcaabte and enUusasK person to work rth one d 
or sente Account Planing Oaectus. Out ideal agates* muU Ian 
casHa* seoHarfei stte, good atom eqxriencr art it* aMty to iaise 
535 % m3t Of soil. 

B wu ire tooting tar vateb. inw ta nmt and h mtotap n BM B aB y 
wan the tramemk d a busy and stimulating Mwrtesng Agengr. ns 
ot -W be you are secktog We taw 4 weeks hots, BlPA art 

STL stems «d a sub. tart and wine bat 

Far tetter data*. ptoasa fafcjteme- 

Mn Mm Brito. 

DRUS, Rt, 2 XL Jamaf Sq, Loatoi SWt 

839 3422. 


Required for Loudon City office 
(SEl). Must be efficient, capable of 
running busy office and working on 
own initiative. Salary c £10,000. 
Please apply in writing only with CV 
to: SBFI Ltd, 2nd Floor, Central 
Buildings, 24 Southwark Street, Lon- 
don SEl 1TY 


Age 25+, c£ 10,000+ 

Kmv you wffl have a cfnm to 
show your ituni oad Muim. 
wort lag (or a cnMr amullvr 
in Dwt mtnn-iuUoMd ItaMW 
company (n IV I . TTir pmtUon Is 
or a txgMy canfMniui narare 
so you win really Oecoroo in- 
i«nni wttft ymo- boss’s work 
holding mo fort wiflc nr » 
away. HE’S m her early <W 
ana now 10 Uw company, you 
wtu be over 3s. wim me of 
80 '60 win and nave *omo 
hnowtodge of the Onancui 

City 377 8600 Wes; End 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 

The Secretarial Consultants 

c£14JJ00-f BENEFITS 
Expressive role for a rare 
breed within mis leadng 
merchant bank. The senkx 
executive at international 
Equities seeks a Japanese 
PA/SeciBtary with fkiont 
French ana German (or 
French with fluent 
Japanese), For enaSeiri 

stalls. 100/60 ran. toe 

rewards wa be high -ptoase 
call tar further 

Rebecca Heafley or 
01 283 1555 

arrnsc coms 




m urasrrOf raoure a smat 
wbU oganisad and accurara 
typW tero- of Supertype or 
santtar memory typawritar)for 
our a nal but weti egtabflshed 
management cottsttiBiwf 
near Otaord Gtcus. There Is a 
tot cl c*ete contact Boago cd 
telm h unB tiMBraf Is BNcnto 

Tcfcphonc Ann Leese 

629 8677 



This very busy Person- 
nel Director of a 
leading investment 
Bank has promoted 
her Secretary and ur- 
gently needs another 
ambitious graduate 
wUh good secretarial 
rtdUs to become totally 
Immersed in the 
department’s work. 
Aged 21 to 24. Salary 
£9.500 + excellent 

STELLA . ; c 

F^CS'! rjsSvLr.f.TS 

01-629 9323 

p m 

Wb are Mans for a 

peraon to manage and take 
ion respansUBty for the 
nmohiti of ear very busy 

aim dynamic ntaO 
Showroom. PiivMs expe- 
rience wot ea ew Bal. Top 
salary and company car 
for the right person. Age 
2 &+- 

Canto Damn mas 

01-221 1816 

|36 MaUhtfUB fiat* 
Uton HiL 

SUM nes + bearfih 
FA/Sec eariy 20‘s tar promj- 
nem Mcrcham Bank. City, a 
gnat xnttnM of admiziism- 
Ikm and or gan iong of 
Middle Eaa Demrtmem. Ex- 
ccBcat position, for positive 

PA/Sec. 25-28 with good tro- 
ing, WP, Lotus 123 if 
possibte (ihontand as ad- 
vantage). Sales background, 
outgone pers onali ty and ea- 
rner amOaS tar progrcssrvr 
position iatBoanonal co. 

Pbonc *1-734 3768 or 437 
Ml*. 133 Oxfoid Stream E« 




The Senior Partner of Dais 
wen known City Stock- 
broking C o mp any needs a 
right hand PA. TWs is a 
dynamic, hectic working 
environment wttti a great 
deal of dtafrt contact. The 

Ideal candidate win have A 
levels or a degree, suits 
100/70. WP. and he capa- 
ble of bourne down a Pa 
role of tab calibre. Bene- 
fits include etc. anual 
bonus. Age 26 - 3a 
450 IB01/26BS, 


Tne otoomMor of B ton wfth 
room tor htoUve. email but 
huay 8W7 Preoeny compa- 
ny needs a versatile, bright 

Salary neg ua. 

Tet Kama an tt-Otl 3444 


Secretary lor antS! busy 

agency. Would suit intei- 
tagent, SEC College 
leaver. Good Mettaonr 
voice and typing suns 

.■y i yw it lal. Cvjiprtoot mg. 

ry + boras. 

Td gfwr 6-30oro only 
nan ms 


Umaadml 37 yens of agp 

aoH nd) Hln»ini tuty. fluent 

■ French. Dutch, Radish , 
with good German, seeks cost 
with company principaL 
Good ijpiRKaod roditi bat re- 
sponswuitks should be 
i ap pr o pr iat e m her^e s pmeacc 
of otjnnBng socn! t m a g e- 
meats and events for gurafe of 


A ear driver, Doo-smokcr and 
holder of Btigan and Swiss 
p agpons. 

b the first instance, please, 
rate to Se£ RMM Rob* , 

art Matihall Advertising Lid, 1 

44 WcfliMKw Street, London 
WOE 7t» 


Age 22 -26 

The young Mawaamg Cnrec* 
lor o( a mal l Ctty Ban* 
rnnitm an exWUenl 
SMT«Ury<'PA. Tne Weal 
nmOMOK win hne Mum 
100 -70. A tevok and prefer 
awr umum experience, hi 
return you will be involved 
in Uw Eurobond area at tier 
Bank, work to iwamou* *ur- 
nunaw ana Mimr 
mccuetn wnnn beneflte. 

£13,500 Executive Secretary 


company needs a raaSy aiwior-tottl swtaL ptesitelotis 

office in London. Only Ihe most senior secretarial 

anSo + WPand tong hotfs. Age »Ma 
TdeptaM 01-499 B092 

rt' • W 

1 Senior®? 

Ib owiw u twtek 



A successful and growing pottic company wtth interests «r m, advertising, 

irwtotmfl and des^pj requires a PA to work for torirymog Deputy Ciainnaa 

He needs an adaptable person who is h^jpy to Sea a 

senior secretary rota white he is busy keeping a 

watching brief on ail On operating companes \ tyfff 

Mdtoerdev8ki(imtoas«flssntoacqDisi- SAIIIAr* SS8 

torn. Speeds 90/ea Age 24-35. ^ OOIIW W 

lau-n-ans Secr^aiies 

hOBfimi CoranD 


LeacJnq manufactureres of designer bed linen and towelling need a manag- 
eress (or their shop in Soane Street 

Experience tn eO aspects of retail management fa essential. A fchowfedge of 
French would be usefuL In return for a high degree of conwn ilniant the 
position offers great potential within a growing company. 

Send CV and recent photo together with detaite- of salary reqtared to: 

Bectxne a temporary wtoosand 
take a permanent stop Brio tbe 

te l!yS#l!«9 4422. 



Danieta Nicofi, 
Descamps Ltd., 
197 Sloane Street. 



suge pffrnfose borcser 



recruln?d for busy Arm 
or surveyors based in 
Mayfair. Good 

admin/typtng skffls re- 
Qutred as wreO as tbe 
flexibility to cany out 
a variety of tatiks ex- 
tending front coffee 
making to maintaining 
personnel rec o rds . 

OonOdenttaOty and a 
mature outlook are im- 
perative for ttds post 
age 3545. Please 

Salty OMW mm 

£10,00o + 

Rtf OteSKagvta retort to 
be ngia Had pnm to Manasm 
Breda oi an nvestineot compmy 
located in me tort d Mntu. Tbe 
rate s hrt seertm tar nNch 
saoitand art Mrt pneessiog 
stafc ae nectssaqr but mafci fcac- 
ttxi Inwb es ag»buinedtau& 
pcasasbans red tooting sbt 

static*} PiPffi 



This very busy Person- 
nel Director of a 
leading Investment 
Bank has promoted 
her Secretary and ur- 
gently needs another 
ambitions graduate 
with good secretarial 
skills to become totally 
Immersed in the 
Department’s work. 
Aged 21 to 24. Salary 
£9.500 + excellent 


i a; ♦-l'i. k ^ 

£1<MM» + perfcs 

A art kaom Cty Uojd* Brahre 
need a mature 21/45 stxn- 
luod S ww W wtta epeeto 
of 100/50 + 'O' iml edoca- 
non. » work lot mt wtedm 
Persoonet Cootro O er. The 
wont cunbtt of fan 
wcretarial/adnMn MW of a 
conOdennal narore. Mrs 

SS%ts£ l BE2 l %»7 St 


required by busy firm 
of suiveyors/architect 
based in Mayfair. Fast 
accurate typing speed 
essential to hefp cope 
with the ever increas- 
ing work load 
produced by our 
young surveyors. In re- 
turn for your hard work 
we offer an excellent 
salary and fringe 
benefits .Please phone 

Sally Clare on 
01-493 8200 



Extremely fuxentid Via 
Chairman afa pnsti^ons in- 
tamstiOMf uvenmeal 
company needs a cmfktotn. 
aUractive and sodafty poned 
rigta hand to otp uii ae ha 
busy diary and uavd itiner- 
aries. Greet diems and 
paneratiy hdp Iris superb of- 
ikes m Bcrteiy Square to tick 
over Ejnumbty in bis freqaenl 
absence. 80/55 pins 1 years 
sec esp. Small (12+) friendly 
company. Age 21-24. Please 

437 4187/89 



FOR AGE 18-25 yr OLDS 

Earn £10,000 p.a as one of our temps on ourfuOy 
stretched young team. You may also find foe right 
permanent job while working for our interesting 
and varied clients. If you have skffls of 100/80 sh 
or audio. 50+ typ. and good WP exp. why not 
come and see us or ring up for our fact sheet 

437 4187/89 

novK m uvuwis 



The Chairman and Director of • small motfgima pardotio 
ma i atcinrw company need a senior level secretary in provide 
Gist dass hark op k> them indndiog u ewe sp nadence cOaeave 
telephone upifc. travd an a tm enre n n, some figure noric and «- 
volvcmcm in various cbamable rinorests. Stalls of 100/60. Smart 
appear jkx, disenaien and excdlem edncrtioaal bnc tf ro n d ev 
scntiaL Small company experience preferable. Age 30+. Beau 

434 4512 

Crcxie Gyrkill 

99 Rcgeto Street Wl. 


Experienced Medical Secretary is 
required for a busy consultant 
general surgeon in private prac- 
tice in Harley Street Salary 
negotiable. Written applications 
with CV to BOX D12 

A Time to Temp 

What do you took for from temporary vmrtf Hgh 
rewards, cenafoly —but more besnes? The question. 2s 
valid, beause in today's market, you db fare a choice. 
Our awn temporaries form an exdusfce. hi^ calibre 
fleam: otr dfenteie maaffc. the most pmft^laus in 
London. With good skfe. quite fianfcl)^)bucag4reke 
good money atywhera. But Syaa whs die: best, In 
ewry sense, thengte meaeiS. Sea 81-493 
5787. . . • ' 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wt 

(fteo’ubmcnr CoRstjfaUKq 


ToalgM we viodti fite to invfti yw tocttnetn 
and see us ai our offices teaen 5 pm anti 
6.30 pm in {KtfertemeelS8«Bfafiesivte fed ft 
difficult to visit us doing office hoors. So if you 
would tike us to start ffiofcng for the ideal next 
.move we'd he happy to see you. > ■ 

0I-2Q03S3 Qzdb^hHunt (J3W 353 


Tbe new British <fivioo» of * lagp OS heahh 
care coipoatiaa which fa Kttag«r operations 
in Britain requiresH PA/Seaettuy for its British 
Executive Dtrector. A very effiaem. arinised' 
and confident persoa wafe mgdxmd. teaetadai 
skills isisqnimL The position banerritingoDo 
in anewnMdewe top uigom sai HttinaapndnH^ 
live and pstirncc would bee necessity. Central 
London location. Salary commeasuEaie with ex- 
perience. Age 25+. Please send CV ta F H P Inc, 
UK office; leaskie Bonse; MiO Green Hatfield 
Herts AL9 5NU. - 


Senxr Futncr m Oapatoc Brane Department of Lwreacc 
Gflriam yda ■wefl yOMUql padaMc or cc tM^km Secretary, 
and 30S fir mtoestna mode mill PA. QortmB and to level 
efient contact. Stimg nctptabjr, 

U p BrHta re to Mart Rktotow, 

- limnCnto 

5ty» fawn vcTt* erafig. 

Intx publishing a printing CO 

TO DIRECTOR c£10,000 

™* yoono Dtacto of Bmpa's Wflett P««bbb art Pitting Co 
mans a RA, 25 +, too apart Iran arertont SK/wag/WP totact 
and [jpfcroac y . mtoys ones, can ntoo da caj ons. eget tod fapa rtii 
Wi art bring petsomfity art prafasaondam trlbis a n wi to 
Exemna poattn Contact Hoy Sudan m 734 8466 



We are looking for a peraon wm> feomattve »d 
respontfbtttr to iota thb small ant presOgJaus de- 
sign cn p wi ten ar. You sbotfld have several yean 
experience of secretarial sfcfUs and be able to cany 
out bookkeeping to trial balance standard. Salary 
£9-000 par annum- Please write with CV. to: 

— - C V ri> l Teifcr* Tagter C n nil a W, 

38 fffea rta rtw naa Uraa*, iartaa ECW Ml. 

c£ 9 t S0 0p a Mg 

fn raertwt atari rentaiy has artoa to ifltf dtss mc/PA ti Da 
«0 art floance Onctar. 

Pe IiMcirAU) sta rt toe p ort rtootari te dp Ml te*» A 
tanOagrt 2S«,.arti entoaot mntatti art a tinifii utiw i state. 
Snraand i 


25-35, artt eatoaot saemtatt art 


Yea, m <to *aero|rt h ««H 
m pm an e s t We are a 
small agency, caring, pro- 
fessional mid effe ctiv e. 
We have top jobs at top 
rates throagtxxn Lon- 

Telephone hs to fiad out 

Tel: 01-734 5771. 


r/.M-l : l f.' . » i 

Assist an tonsiaa tn» 
ne» eaeortve. Help 
Utraduor excWnfl new 
ta rtcaMB i an icM iqBS and 

f^|Y\i¥i^>t f^NPi^ny 

U.K. Good skflis, 

Han and dwnodlon to 
week reqnlred. Cwqpott- 
ttve conpenasaian. WHU; 

tmSm mm Oa m UMrl UJL 

United. C/O Batcher 
NJBais. 3/5 Bateman sl, 
Loudon wiv err. 


£9-10,000 Mg 

Expedenead and agate) 
P4/3#cwary reqidrsd to a* 
net Moraegtan and Danish 
iawyera. Knowledge oi one 
Scandtevtan tenginge an ad- 
vantage. Sand CV ttn 
Per Sandwm, 

44-45 Canccry lane, 
London. WC2A WB 

rtSS&s mp3kel 


wo rd pr occnini experience 
Qvrmnl. stioubaod 

Salny firxa 

£8000 pa. 

Andr "itk CVta 


To. Senior Faztner 
Sorveyors . 

Coivent Garden 
h c £11,000 
Wnte with CV/ to 
Miss Vmoe Kemp & 
Hawley, 13 Mon- 
mouth Sum, 
Loudon . WC2B 

wifi'- 1 **' 

lltti---*' SSL’*?" 





M+ ■ VALLSTHIXTSHUn^B c£ 9,500 

uuftrt at a y°^8 secretary, to' step in f<*‘him- when he s away on business. The 

\A&n Street a c ^ mic . M D of tivs top atnpsphene. 6 'young and friendly but also press- 

^ ^ ^ ^frisedso you should have a strong skoau** 

the dient^ ^ {ky. you will .get to know personality as well as rusty short- ^vewozjs 

thedem & org^se.your boss’s heck -itinerary and- SdSoKpmtyp^andWP. oKalSSs 

sxtr^r FIN^SSC Si 




small JmmSyfrm of wi sur- 
wyocs as PA/Secretaiy to a 
dynamic panner.-They offer 
excellent prospects as aart 

irorn pmvtdlno aiceHent sec- 

retarial support you'd also 
hme the opportureiy to team 
tne. business and go out am! 
about «sitmq clients with 
your boss. 90/50 ^fcdls. - 



Arajor WI design company 

*■ juu w)py. I • hh 

IpyingqeaBvB envfronment 

»d vfefonnal atattftpb^ 

fr* 1 *”-. BeauS* open plan 
office and poult be surnjun*- 
ctity praptac dtsbwre aid. 




Then ' Ian IBs very pnstf- 
&oBimmw as secu&y/ 
adtdnsb^ar to a ray senior 
wseu&fc, This is a career 
possseaod extremely waned 
tom staff reauftroent to 
hedptog organise xh&tising 
eampawis. You should haw 
a good senior lewd back* 
ground and mown admm 
experience. ttyfiO SkflJs 

to £8,500 

Atop PR consultancy seeks a 
young secretary to an ac- 
count team. If you enjoy 
constant cfent contact and 
haw a first da$s phone man- 
ner, this is tor you. Excellent 
benefits induing a bonus 
scheme and free lunches. 
90/50 Skids aid prevents 
word processing experience 

West End 
01-240 353 ) 

ir you are a capable secretary (audio/copy) 
with excellent skills, a good telephone manner 
and a mature, positive attitude to work, you 
might be wondering what your next job move 
should be. 

You're looking for responsibility and. lots, of 
vanety m an atmosphere which is young and - 
progressive. You want to’ use your skills, but 
also have the chance to develop m other 
directions as part of a team. And, tots feceit, 
you're looking for a really successful company 
who will reward you with a competitive salary, 
job security and first class benefits. 

We’re Allied Dunbar, the newest success story 
in Financial Management; and you sound ' 
exactly the person we need to join the team at 
our branch in Wl; . ' .. 

IT yon would like to apply, telepfeowc me, 
Theresa Green, on 01 629 8535 





Let Jufia Gray cultivate your career. We will 
endeavour to find you a position that will reflect your 
aspirations and skifis. We pride ourselves in providing 
a first class services to both clients and applicants 
alike and thus maintain our professional reputation 
withm the business community. Contact dun 'Gray 
immediately to arrange an appointment. Afl enquiries 
win be treated m strictest confidence. 


\a r ? o i u t a e » t sQ 

GaventGandenfe . 
srTartestseoetarialpeQpe : 




We are a bright newly started financial services 
group, with aU new -staff. We have wwystrong 
financial backing and need one more eenrbr sec- 
retary and ona junior secretary -.both new posts 
- to join our committed and. innovative team. 
Although not essential, the candidates for the 
senior poet wtt be at an advantage if they can 
speak Gujarati and ttinefi. 

A good telephone voice and manner are needed 
tor the junior post 

Salaries are negotiable for the-right appfcante, 
who should mad their CVs together with detate 
of current salary package to: 

TAB-CriMfitcorp • 

69-70 Made Lera 
London SXW 7HS 

Tasteful Temping... 

No hassles No let-downs, just plain, simple, high grade 

professional sendee 
If vou have sound skills and etqxsrienct^ you should be 
talking to ‘The Wsrk Shop’- 
Telephone Sue Cod* on 0MQ9 1232. 

Reii ui t tm i rt Goaarimw 




lteeitomantc«**a»t«Ht* . 

. -as fegnt StosLfti . 



Required for 

S and sense of to essenttoL Send recem 

photo and C.V. to: ■ gl . 

Lama Harris 41-M Great Queen Street 

London WC2B SAIL __ 


In a busy eawoonwa, afl wttoK* 1 1* ‘ggl 
effictoM sonmting pe«a to took after the Mer 

lia Swtcbbcaid. 

Phase send recent photo and CV. to: 

Diana Krily, _ : 

41-44 Grcai Oo««» Street. 

London WC2B 5AR- 

PosmvK-Y HO agencies. 


It u the intention of this charming and flamboyant -Z 

PH bon tot 

hi» assistant including actual 'hands on’ PR work < 

that he mU delegate. This is a super opportunity for & 

an ambitious fcwt headed secretary who is looking >- 
to progress to the next step. 

Age: 24-29 /Skills: 100/60. 

v . z 

Designers* Designer £9,0005 


Fantastic opportunity to work as PA for the new £ 
and charminf: Marketing Director of this top . 
Design Firm. Research, setting up systems, lots of 'A 
direct client contact and administration are 50% of — 
the job. Excellent typing and presentation essential 5 
Age: 22-28. 

Fashion - West End £8,500 ^ 

Yeti'!/ need to be one step ahead and resourceful to « 
act as OKMtanl to the warm and personable Direc- > 
tor of Buying for this large well known fashion B 
house. You'd deal with meetings, travel arrange- . 
merits, clients and all the general business -jj 
mdtment that is part of the world of fashion, y 
Age: 20-25. Skills: 100/60. < 






8 Golden Square, London WL a 

H let 0M39 6021. a 



A very busy job meeting d&dlmes, delegating work 
and frflmg m to a young team. You wffl meet tots of 
new people through your job and work extremely 
hard. 50% secretarial, 50% liaising with the media in 
the City. 30/60. Age 19-23. 

FASHION P.R. £9,000 

We are looking for an excel tent second jobber aged 
cJh to work in the press department of this very well 
known fashion company. You wid have your awn 
junior secretary and deaJ with journalists. Lots of 
contact with magazines. 60% secretarial. 100/60. 

114 WBrnaocralUd. 
Sactoanai ' 


htvKtat career 
advice for 
secretaries and 
personal asseianls 



Exhibition organising company are seeking 
a young (19+). competent and outgoing sec- 
retary with excellent typing/shorthand to 
work as part of a small friendly team 
organising major international trade fairs. 
Enthusiasm and good presentation essen- 
tial. WP experience an advantage. Salary 
£7,500. . 

Pleas® r eplY with CV to: 

Natasha Snow 
Brintex Limited 
178-202 Great Portland St 


You are an embryo office manager with 
WP/Computing skills who win start off as 
PA to the MD of a fast-moving City bro- 
kers. You will take over the running of the 
premises, the personnel function + com- 
pany secretarial responsibilities. Age: 25 r 


You could develop the research/admin 
side as PA/secretary to the new Projects 
Controller of a young high profile leisure 
group in W11. You have 80+ shorthand 
and computing expertise and an 
accountancy /tax/legal or market research 
background. Age 25-35. 

TELEVISION £10,000+ 

PA/Secretary, 20’s, with good admin skills 
and 90+ shorthand for Head of Market 
Research; Young, friendly and sociable 
environment in Wl. 

CITY START-UP £11,000+ 

You will provide all the administrative and 
secretarial, back-up initially to the Head of 
a new securities company opening short- 
ly. Initiative + normal shorthand/typing + 
WP skills; Age to 33. 

City 37786GO VAstEnd 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 

B TheSecretcrrialConsutcmts] 


£8,50© London EC1 

Secretary for the General Manager - Op- 
erations, of a major catering organisation. 
Good standard of typing, with the ability 
to undertake simple bookkeeping and of- 
fice management Whilst shorthand is not 
essential., knowledge of word processing 
and switchboard operation is desirable. 
Applicants should be wdJ spoken with a 
pleased telephone manner, and have a flex- 
ible approach to work. Preferred aged ^3040. 

Cwtact Ron tbbcsoo, oq 01-833 3231, 
quoting rof VAC21. 





SALARY £8,000 AAE 

We need a numerate secretary to work for chief 
accountant and hi$ team. Preferably experience 
working in accounts Department Knowledge of 
W.F. an advantage but will train. Pleasant offices 
in Knigbtsbridge. 

Please send GV. to: 

Miss Undine Botmaker 
ICA Europe Limited 
Mercury House 
795 Kmgktsbridge 



We air a leading firm of recraimuat coosoltasB sccfcmg an 
experi e nc e d ami rmbraasne secretary. 

You wiD be working in an mfonnat. yoon* and friendly tnviroo- 
mem and will ibncfare need to be mf moiivaied ana possess a 
cettam amoam of idf di sci p line . 

As tins is a people onemaied business we are tooting for some- 
one with excellent common Hamon skills, together with an 
admmisnative flair and potishod leSepbooe manner. 

mid 2 ffs and educated to ‘A* levd Standard, you 
— d aer n i a t e typing Skills. 

Please write with c.v to; 

Ideally in 
will have 



Bond Btraat, 

: 01 



Rank Video Services 


to £10,000 

The extremely busy MD of Europe's teaSnu video duplication 
company tacsnOy relocated to a high tedi Jarifty /nearest 
tube: South EaUng) seeks a finely PA with skills 100/60. Bair 
to organise, bags of initiative, experience at senor level (aged 
22+1 and above afl, a sense d burnout. Hs is keen la involve 
his PA in all aspects and is fun and challenging to work for. 

If you feel that you could meet this challenge please enclose 
a hill CV and letter to: fifiss G Fry, Phones Park. Brent West 
Road. Bradford. Uddlsm PW8 9PL 


r, rt rf TTi. 7, i iV P TLW 1 1 M ■ 1 1 1 

Up To £9JW0 

Reoww! Iw <m Convany Seoetaty m tram eariy Ami whM the pwsext 
MKUmbeni'SnnnaHnayinia However. a»ouBfc the posi an only lx iotbo- 
r*v anally. n«i« * oewthetess tha oovaMty oi cwwenoi u a pennwent past 

Apm turn ie%nni ownm. we are sactag someone won the nume and 
dm* m texSe persmiiy i matter (X amsosoaM tsste on Mtaa ot the 
Company Seaetm eg Suwnuwn Scheme, mmies of saw nunupmert 
ml outer nwongs. momwat mf nmtap wwm m bs eft. 

Ptnse «mit mn cine deans u - 

jtusnua kehbv. ieathbmen) moo ra bmomu row. 



Seczetary/PA urgently required by Senior 
Partner of smallish but growing City law firm 
An intelligent organiser with excellent skills 
(min 70 wpm typing) can command a top 

Please ring Amanda Warren 
01-606 0261 
|tta agonoes) 

amount mo 


TJw wdusw lop people's state neats a MpW seU*nobwBHJ va *0 
'saxatBty » pan the* two tun marking managers. An eye lot turn is 
necessary as you wS be iwohed m marhona projeds. Excellent 
bend US end sari deamms. 55 wpm Tymng. Age 22+. 


Am you nomadic? H so you will enny wnaip rite UK brandies of Bus 
well known organisation to prowm secretarial support. Good stads 
(tOO, •SO) assemai as is numeracy and a cahn. adaptable personalty. 
All iKrtei and oavebng eqpatses pad. Age £2+. 

please telephone: 01-499 8070 
46 Old Bond Street London W.1 . 



Wlty don’t you 
all go away. 

In fou uf u'tll m nr! you !o &c /uit t/wi H'ftr.i mom join cm torn cl :cmor 
fiiri ii'isjpOMnr sarriarkf «(?t rtKhj Jo [women Pm HcjcCj irJ iwl-M'i’ivtl uou . . tj} • 

dlsB Kcewe *550 as- mv> ami' iiiVujh f’^it p:«i i/isawms on a \-:tde range of iVl8CDl8in 
umUkiJi' (itiivf. fwid fwiriiws irad MiAiys. 

(oi« cur icmi'ovarj Win and hoi-f uour 1^86 fio/irtoii ort us. J. flmp OT3ry 

Oil VKJono Viartin On 01 4 39 0601. SGCHfetSTlGS 

W Floor Citro'iylon Hmtsr'. I SO R.^lrttf SfOTl. L£>«iion U1R 5FE lEnfrnihV in Rcpnit P! Mtifuind Bs>:c I 



Recruitment PA 
To £11.000pa 
A young & Highly-re- 
spected Recruitment 
Manager within this 
leading. Internationa] 
firm of Management 
Consultants requires a 
right hand person to 
assist him with his 
ever- increasing work- 
load. This is a genuine 
opportunity to use 
your secretarial, ad- 
ministrative and WP 
skills to ihe full. Aged 
ideally mid twenties 
with *A' level stan- 
dard of education you 
will have efficient 
shorthand and typing 
skills. Please contact 
Rosalie Preskett. 

■Sr 01 -4 91 1868iSJ 


3rd Floor. CJ W^morc St. 

CE8J300 + BONUS 

Leading Advertising Agcncv 
nods a viun. well spoken 
person with cardlcni prrsm- 
laiKHi to grecr cftcirtcfc in 
Lbor buvv nxcption in 

C£9.503 + PERKS 

Are you hnpht. confident, 
povvruing all the social 
grata, age 2 J+- wiih good 
skills, then a superb involv. 
mf puvmon awaits you as a 
PS/Scc. This inL co. is m- 
volvrd m lextiks. fashion. 
L-IC. SVnonality and flexibili- 
ty in jitiiudc all imponant. 
German Jang, useful. 

01-935 8235 

Wl (D £10,500 

l¥r are a ited BsUMsbed spocatsi 
itautment agency UeaSng auh 
many d the wy apcmmMS m 
tha last mwng wand of tastaon. 
Ertnnston Ks oeateU the need for 
an aflamal smar stcteoiy wth 
good siwami ml tjtwiB speeds 
U bcatm an «Wpo) metttei oi 
our euciovr comdancy team 
and provide ah nsctsaaiy aUnww- 
Bahw soppoa 

Aged 25+ ywr «»0 preknMy taw 
bad some personne. agency or 
Usual etatawa. Roa-smolw. 

Gsfl Mtdtael Seatoa. 
Manfteg ConsaBani, 
Executive Diriskw ok 









c £11,000 EC2 
Director level. 
exp. Aged 23-35. 
All banking 
perks Inc sub. 
mort. Tef Annie 
283 5501 

c £12,000 EC2 
Sec/PA Director 
level. Will cross 
train*- on WP. 
Must have 

banking exp. 
Usual banking 
benefits. Tel: 
Shirley 929 




Tick you- requ irem en ts : 

Extra responsibility 
Meeting people 
Good salary package □ 


Management within 2 years 
Job satisfaction 

We are tooting for a bright personate indvfduel with good communication stilts who 
can help us maintain our lead in the temporary help industry. 

H afl of the above are important to you, then you will be, 
interested in our Supervisor vacancy. The job entaBs 
evaluating and screening applicants, matching them in 
suitable assignments, s p eak ing to customers on the 
telephone, and taking and filing that attars. 

We wffl offer an axealent salary package in return for 
hard work and commitment, and our thorough ongoing , 
training p rogra m me wtft prepare you for management, L_jL\_ 
should this be your anfefflon. 

In the first instance, cafl Jactia 8ameft on 62S 0511 for 
an application form, or sand your CV to Kelly GW, 87/91 
New Bond Street. London, Wl. 




An up and earwig mattering Co. n 
Wimbledon is toofcmg lo> an nfc- 
wduai ms an round mUy to set 
up Iter new alt ices Age 25-40 
wars Smrtiand nrt assamal but 
von hnU rved some eudu end te- 
r< a Wife boot leaping afti slot* 
ronitnl Benefits Mute tree parfc- 
mg end BUM 


Ebnte holt, fifotoWgii 5 H 3 



Aid you 1 Emc Sec/PA 

unwitty r need of a ctnBenge? 

PTOflpOus PH Cd s*«s PA wn 

niyu j sb lypmg stafls to 2SSSI 
ttwChartun Fabulous ooportu- 
nty tw se«- monmAHl nereon 
with a SOT* of urgency to nm 
the show si ms fast pace 

CfTY 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 

£10,508 22+ 

Mow out of thte cacteWBl rote! 

Dynamic Paraonal 4 S# 5 tant wdh 

weal WP is mured tor the busy 
but da nrcng top mat ot ttas 
pnsbQOd Wea EM Company 
You must be arwuiatt , numw- 
m & awe to irtfl charge. Lots ot 
wganaton end turn tatson. 

CITY: 01*4812345 
WE5T END* 01-938 2188 



The following opportunities are available for experienced secretarial stafT 
with a desire to occupy key roles in tbe operation of the country's largest 
Probation Service: 


Salar y £8.532 p.a. incl. rising to £9,012. (Currently under review) 

An experienced secretary with good shorthand skills is required to till this 
responsible and rewarding position. The post will suit well motivated 
applicants with self-assurance and a sense of humour, who can offer a 
sound educational background, administrative fiair and secretarial skills, 
with the ambition and ability to sustain a supportive role within Manage- 
ment Good communicative and organising skills essential. (Ref 


Salary £8,532 pa. incL rising to £9,012 (Currently under review). 

This is a management role requiring an experienced secretary to work in a 
Probation Office at the above location. Duties include the supervision of 
staff, maintaining the smooth running of the office and providing good 
secretarial support to the Senior Officer. Good shorthand speeds coupled 
with the ability to organise and cope under pressure are essential. (Ref. 




Salary: £7.716 p.a. incL (at 21+) rising to £8, 1 24 (Currently under review). 

This is a very responsible post in a CROWN COL1RT setting, which 
requires someone with tact, the ability to work under pressure and a 
flexible approach. This is a supervisory role and tbe successful candidate 
would need to be mature and have skills of 100/45 wpm. (Ref. 


Salary: £7.716 pJL incl (at 21+) rising to £8. 124 (Currently under review). 

Based in Probation Office at the above location, this post requires some- 
body with a good secretarial background and speeds of 100/45 wpm. This 
is a supervisory role within an extremely busy office. A calm and flexible 
approach coupled with good communicative and organisational skills 
essential. A hectic environment suitable for the "unflappable’. (Ref. 

Salary rises by annual increments and is also reviewed on the 1st July of 
each year in conjunction with 'Cost of Living’. 2J Days leave plus 3'* 
extra statutory days and a 30 minute lunch break which entitles staff to 

one day off' 

lender month. We also offer Interest Free Season Ticket 

Loan and (jood Conditions of Service. 

For further information and application form please telephone 
Personnel Dept on 222-5656 ext 293 quoting the relevant refer- 
ence number. 



required (English mother tongue standard) for. 



of large International Company. Ability to work at 
top management level essential. Offices based at 
Knigbtsbridge but company will be setting up new 
premises West of London in six months, therefore 
successful candidates will be required to start off 
new offices. 

Age 25+. Salary £11,009 plus. 

5 weeks holiday. 

Please telephone 
Mrs Mirella Welles on: 

01-225 1644. 


£6.20 p.h. 

II you are a litsl da& senw-tewl temporary secretary wtfi speeds oi 100 , ' 60. 2 years' DHecta level 
secietanai experience in central London and possess proficient Word-Processing skills, we tlw* you 
wtl be templed by what we can 080 you. 

We are a highly professional agency and our temporary team has established a reputation which 
lellects ds exceRiH standards D you pin our team, not only wfl you work for an interesting variety oi 
ctente. but you wiB also metwe the best rales m Lonoon Dur skilled temps are afl paid Ute same rale. 
We can. m addibon to lindmg you temping assignments and paying you tempting rates, alter you the 
apponumry ol tern png into a permanent fib. 

H you find fempteJon hard to resist pfease letepftone lor an spponbnenl or a faetsftre].- 

01-434 4512 (West End) 01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultant 



to £9,500 

If you thrive on being part of a team 
and would enjoy the last-moving en- 
vironment of a major international 
company, then do talk to us about the 
impressive number of top manage- 
ment consultancies with whom we 
are currently working. Skills: 100/50 
(and audio in some instances). 

y pplNCg g 




£9,000 - £10,000 

We are currently handling several se- 
nior seraretaria/PA positions at 
director-fever in major publishing 
houses - both hooks and magazines. 
Afl these positions require excellent 
shorthand and typing skills - and 
some expenance gamed in the pub- 
lishing industry would he useful. Age: 



Haw you 31 least one year s n- 
Mr«<K£ « arhetsng or 
flwfesn ) 7 Praeugms imms- 
wd Co sects a» Pass Sec/PA 
vntti 90, '60 and WP Ad'.iy 
to organs* ml w»k at you 
own iwwwb essmu LueUent 
pens and benefns. 

CITY 1 G1-4SJ 2345 
WEST END 01-93S21S8 


£9,900 pkge 

Top class Hotel ptnun seeks 
Sat .’PA io tne Doeacn of Admm 
Good sh’ryo soeut motett plus 
cwHderatjte onjamiainrai aWi- 
tv Very saned msihw win 
mvoiwirwi art fete tfl scope 
lor BhantOTefll iFtec Cansi. 

WEST END: 01-938 2188 



Superh PPOonumtv tor a tingia 
5 h. PA » iom tne lively tasi Oise 

Cemrtneni of this tflewstw 
uvnMn; Loss of cJieffl I Bison. 
or^ani^iKm ste eonnnalianon 
7 ot3t iRiohrerDm Cieai cxees 
pio? pc US end Mrte’its. 

CITYr 01-4S1 2345 
WEST END- 01-933 2188 

;X‘ /*?. ■ ■»■" ' 2 . - ■ 

• #. • 

Bank Holiday pay, free word processor training, sick pay scheme and an excellent 

choice of interesting assignments. f brook street 

# Open to all qualified Temporaries. la — — 

Personnel Department 
Salary from £9,O8O-£1O,OO0 

Reuters, the world news and information 
organisation has a vacancy for an experienced 
secretary to work for one of its industrial relations 

Applicants must have excellent shorthand/typing 
skills and experience of a word processor, be 
capable of carrying out own administrative tasks 
some of which will involve using computer based 
equipment. Tact and discretion are essential as 
is the abiiity to liaise with senior management and 
union officials. 

Benefits include six weeks holiday, BUPA 
membership, an interest-free season ticket loan 
and a subsidised restaurant 
Please telephone Miss Angela Dean on 
01 -250 1122 (ext 7906) in the first instance. 


S3 Fleet Street. 

London EC MP TAJ. 

This position is open to men and women. 




> Sa: C- i| -ti *- ««j. rtaruada Ctau &<■«*! u*s 1 msca r>c cttoW irotart 
■VC "i irlfCrC n i*»oiiW «> CC* teon mn cm** -in*' pa ct I n. W aflwwig 

'ira<r. irV-swg ’.in; a iirsutirt ia raJw KCTura ra c^c>c J" nears cKbWiJf * i Bus,. atdnt 
W -Vi t 

81-499 ESEfl 
01-403 E333 
£8.509+ BONUSES 


01-499 6566 
81-493 8353 

toc.nj j ' tttttsc^WrrteiaiWBcHtJHxoon Idas nJ fc cOTiy't MivfyneT 

can is ’Mu a vz &ji j£qui nv ran, rtcaswo ungra, uobmj issfnneas w rare muse 
01-499 6566 
01-493 B333 






'if you in a rui" Perhaps feeling unfulfilled in your present position? Maybe looking for a career 
rhanac or indeed finding yourself being placed in ansmubte temporary assignments. 

Wc would like if recruit people with any relaied olTice experience. Wncihcr you are an executive 
wreun. a rcwpiinniu. rop> typist or word processing operator we would like to hear from you 
and discuss vour next mo*c. 

in return, w.- can olTcr you a sanely of temporary assignments. Km* or short lerm. excel lenl rales 
of pay with revutar renews, plus waiting umeif Opportunities lor free WP cross training and a 
listening ear it you arc seeking adiwc. 

Temporary Staff Consultants 

“ 1 Sfessroy, Londsa WC2B 6SF TcfcM S369272 
Dde Stiset&OBK (Opposite Sd&U^ci), 

415/437 Osforf Stmt, London W1R 1FH Tdr (S 6299863 


We are currently looking to recruit a young, bright. 

shorthand/ typing. An ability to work wdl under 
heavy pressure and to light deadlines a must. 
The positionb is based within our prestigious Lon- 1 
don Office just off the Strand. 

In mum for your skills and commitment we are 
offering an exciting working environment with ex- 
ceptional benefits including 5 weeks holiday. 
Write enclosing CV„ or telephone for an applica- 
tion form: 

Jin A. Kelly 

Personnel and Administration Executive 
Scottish Television pic 
7 Adelaide Street 
01-836 1500 






We are a highly success- 
ful Advertising Agency 
offering clients a profes- 
sional. personal service 
which coven all their re- 
cruitment advertising 
needs from design and 
copywriting to space 

A top calibre PA is re- 
quired immediately who 
can organise, administer 
and co-ordinate the MD 
and his busy account 
handling team. 

Fast, accurate typing is 
essential coupled with 
WP and slow SH. Above 
all you must think for 
yourself, solve problems 
under pressure and re- 
main calm and 
professional; there wiD 
be significant client 

The appointment is a key 
one within the Agency 
therefore a highly nego- 
tiable five figure salary 
will be offend to the ide- 
al candidate. We have 
recently moved to beau- 
tiful period offices in 

Phone Shirley Bartlett 
Bartlett Advertising 

OS 831 0831 

BHtngual executive PA/- 
domestK secretary required 
[or EngUsii speaking family 
based In Cannes South of 
France. ExceBeof sWHa re- 
quired. Should be eflKtem/- 
nexUrie and offer a Mgh level 
of Integrity. Mint drive. Ex- 
cellent salary offered. For 
further inf ra matioi i write m- 
dudlng C.V.. p hoto and 
references to BOX C97. The 
Times. Virginia St PO Bax 
484. London El. 


Floating Secretary - 
6 month contract 

City Merchant Banking c.£l2 / 000p.a. 

EBC Amro Bank Limited, the international merchant bankingarm or Amslerdam- 
Rouerdam Bank, requires a well-educated, smartly presented secretary with excellent skills 
f 120/60 wpm j to act as a floating secretary. The successful applicant will work for various 
departments under the Personnels department’s direction in pleasant offices located near 
Liverpool StreeL Station. The work is extremely varied and requires an adaptable, competent 
individual who has the confidence and ability to cope at senior levels. 

The initial contract will be fora six month period starting mid April 1*336 

when full training will be given on the Bunk's word processing equipment, C 

Please apply in writing enclosing a brief c.v. to; Sarah Scott, | A |kinr> J 

Personnel Officet EBC Amro Bank Ltd., 10 Devonshire Square, \ AlViKv / / 

London EC2 M 4HS. V. 

EBC Amro Bank Limited 

irector’s Secretary 

First Among Equals 

A major bolding company is targe in balance 
xYsheet terms and small, select and dice in 
terms of its head office staff. 

The Managing Director needs a PA/searetary 
who will organise him as wdl as accepting plenty 
of delegation. In addition you will be in charge of 
the in tonal administration and personnel 
requirements of die office. You will have the poise 
to entertain business contacts, along with die 
down-to-earth connnoiKense to be able to actus 
peer group leader of the other secretaries. 

The ideal candidate for this post will have natural 
presence and authority combined with a sound 
senior PA/ secretarial nek record, possibly 
gamed in a financially orientated environment. 

Speeds of 100/60 are essential 
Starring salary is £13,000. 

Please telephone 01-137 1564 


& Associates Ltd 

Recruitment Consultants 130 Regent Street, 
London WIR5FE 


SCALE 4. £6,900 - £7,713 pA plus £1,053 
(LW. and supplements) 

This Is a key post In Uw Housing Department and 
the successful applicant wlu have to possess a wide 
range of personal and technical skills. The work- 
load Is demanding and priorities can change 
frequently during the course of the day. 

A considerable amount of work is undertaken on 
the telephone and a good telephone manner Is es- 
sential plus the ability to deal efficiently and 
sympathetically with enquiries from a range of 
sources Including tenants. Councillors and exter- 
nal organisations. Also essential Is the ability to 
relate to individuals from a range of ethnic 

The successful candidate wm have experience of 
Word Processing and good secretarial skills, mini- 
mum of lOO w.p.m. shorthand and 60 w.pjm. 
typing speeds. 

A knowledge of the problems facing Brent's Hous- 
ing Service and an understanding of a Borough 
where over 50% of the population are black, main- 
ly West Indians and Asians (speaking Urdu. 
Gujarati. Hindi) and their English -born children is 

Applicants should note that shortlisting for Inter- 
view will be done according to the extent to which 
their application has responded to the Issues raised 
in this advertisement. 

Application forms and lob descriptions from the 
Personnel Division. Room 1. Brent Town Hall An- 
nexe. Rings Drive. Wembley, Middlesex HA9 9BR. 
returnable by 3rd April. Telephone: 01-903 0371 
124 hour Ansafone service). Reference number 
H/606 must be quoted. 

London Borough of 




aflLSOO _ 

A world-renowned Citj 
institution needs a senior 
secretary /PA (90/60) for 
it’s Marketing Director. 
Working in bright and 
specious surroundings 
you’ll organize 

seokwhaC wotwtmwt 

See Banking 
from the top 
S/H Secretary 
£1 0.000- 
EI 3,000 

Our efienx. ■ vary suc- 
cessful city based 
tonmarional bank, is be- 
ing as flenble m its brief 
as you should be n your 
personally- The essen- 
tial requirements vs 
secretarial skills of mini- 
mum 100/65. persona) 
presentation consistent 
with executive saereomri 
status end a comprehen- 
sive grasp of the 
secretarial rale at Board 
level. Aged 25-30. you 
wrt be assisting the gen- 
eral manager end wfl 
therefore be party to aB 
aspects of corporate pol- 
icy and future 


For further Infor m at i on 
please contact GDfisn 
Ehvood or Ian 
Ar chibal d. 






Trower. Sun & Keebng, who are a large firm of Solicitors 
with offices m London. Manchester, Exeter and The 
Sultanate ol Oman, require a Secretary (preferably aged 
Detween 26 and 35) tor they Senior Partner. This is a 
positron tor a sense® per son. who will enjoy mucking m 
and being pan oi a cheerful management team, it will 
require a capacity to serve as a fcury grxparent to 35 
pannens m the various offices . Good shorthand and first- 
class personaohty and inteAgenra are essential. Legal 
experience e not necessary bin the positron will bivalve 
some work on interesting private diem matters. 

This position offers a competitive salary. BUPA, 
membership of the form's fonsron Scheme, (our weeks' 
haWay and other benefits. 

Please send full curriculum vitae, in 
confidence, to:— 

Carole Tucfcey 
Personnel Manager 
Trower, Still & Keeling 
S Ne> Square 
Lincoln's inn 

or telephone 01-831 raw 



£10,000 + 

k» m sP-aoMBd? Bto 
nag on your am# Run fan 
Us fed noring, mung £®nj»- 
Bjr when you «■ ponds M 
30TtJWi/Z-'. «T rapport B tw 
dynamic Qskmn oho travel 
■dmMy. You «• bi tmd n 

a nw oBca. utara you 

vA dMS ri a kwh. 

■mgs Bate, 

Otfits ate. FsB Wohg «BoS 
gMa on Burnd p&casn. Ex- 
ceM tmAs Mods i Wb 

. £9,000^9,500 

Your French is a wtaf re- 
quirement in this Job for 
cancellations, correspon- 
dence and tel epho ne work. 
The Personnel Director trav- 
els a good Orel end ready 
leNss on ies McroUry to use 
her matrre and mteDgence. 
You must foNB Wgh stan- 
dards of presentation end 
accmcy. fluent French, ah 
■80+, audk> ana good typing. 
Aw 22-28. west End. 
Phrase crib- 

434 4512 



We need a capable self 
starter to back up our 
busy and successful team 
in the fast moving People 
Business. You must be 
Bex due. adaptable and 
bare extremely compe- 
tent secretarial state. The 
bars w* be long but the 
atmosphere buzzes and 
so do we! Aged up id 27. 

. Sfrt.t.V 


XL'.:*; i r v.r v ' Cvsx:. : •• 

01-629 9323 


experienced secretary 

and are seeking an experience shorthand 
secretary to work for a senior partnet - 
>bu will be required to carry out aS 
secretarial duties mckidirjg client liaison, 
organising meetings, co-onfinatag travel 
arrangements, etc. ShorBiand wB be used 
most of the time but there wifrbe an ■ 

occasional requirement for audio typing. 
You should hsm worked in a secretarial 
capacity at a seniof Jewel and have . 
excellent skills <120/60). Ycu should also 
be able to work on your own initiative and 

be able to liaise and communicate with - , 
people at all tewsls. . - - - ; ... 

An eucceft^ sateiy Is offered pfti.s 
cretioriary bcsuis, LSft, STI-, 4 weeks' hofiday 
and rKxt-confrfl3Ute»y pwsarjal msuraruMS,; 

Rease apply in writing with fufl career 
rtetaiteto: PatDOnrteSKffBrecmnelOfBci^ . 
Healey & Bak^ 29 St George Street, - 
Hanover Square, London WIA3B& 

A yoKiagsccreiary a needed to joni ^s MtaU 
firm of party consuHanfs. The ided candidate 
wiQ be wcO spoken and abk (a deal with VIP 
egents. Typing 60 plus. Salazy to £SJX)9. 

We have vaamaes for w«fl ecbcated and ^br^ht 
college teavers in adv er t B Mi g . PR, property and 
Speeds 90/50. 


£9,008 + REVIEWS.; 

Organise workshops for 
clients, handle 'the PR 
and advertising - fofiaw 
through with brochunas; 
stick to deadlines. Er 
dealing with delegated 
and assist. with &B tt 
administration. A s 
job for your good 
shorthand/typing and 
bubbly personality. 

Super Secretaries 



Looking far e mflron wsb > 
inference? Wea here d is. 
.ThsreafytJyramic Director rf 
z iwy reHiahet property 

dynairec person to base with 
aB hs cherts, show them 
rooid te exrwste propofoes 
and panoaBy become tlror- 
oughty irvehed. 

So d you wan hi gel out apd 


«if and have very goad rypnro 
and WP sta te call DMR 
UUMPRBEVS m 734-8911. 


■ ■ 



MEL An associate Company of JABBER, is r ecruting a Secretary/PA 10 
trie Managing Dmcns at trie Headquaners in FraDurp-im-Breegau. W. 

Tfos posdum is pennanaiiL demands fluenJ German and Enctefoi tooerher 
wnfo sound secretarial staUs and expenente ar a senior leteL German 
natonahty a preferred but nol negated as an essential requnmert. 
An exceHent salary mI be negotiated, and other applicable terms and 
cord iters are lira -crass. 

Written applic a tions, gvwg fun pers onal , career and academe deals, 
should be addressed m-- 

Semor Personnel Officer 
57 Broaftnck Street 
London. W1V 1FU 


Required for Operations Director in small, 
friendly Head Office of of Catering 
Organisation located 2 minutes walk from 
Wimbledon Park tube station. 

Good stiorfhand/speedwriting and typing 
speeds are essential. Preferably, applicant 
to have had some senior secretarial 

We offer an attractive salary and good work- 
ing conditions. Please apply to: 

Mrs Rosemary Walsh, 

Personnel and Training Officer, 

Stuart Cabeldu Catenng Ltd., 
162/164 Arthur Road, 

Wimbledon Park, 

London SW19 8AH 
Tel: 01-946 7681 

Highly Dynamic 

fasl-mwing RA. S« souuhl by newiy-amveti. high Dying 
director of international Him & TV fumpany 
Hiuta&k is tu set up a be* new division. You will ihus initiate 
and orc’nise the depart menial set-up. and play an 
rxerutivr rot in his abi-enw? obroud. 

Young, dynamic envlmnmmi Benefit? include ftw video 
library, private screen inrs. cinema tkketseic. Skills 90 . tl). 
Ape 24+. Salary illU.OOU. Cali U 1-4^ 1232 

BWteMte Rrcruilinenl Consullanls 


Natural Leader 

£ 10,000 

This is a Hrfi grade opportunity within a substantial (and 
resurgent) UK pit As Admin Secretary you will lead a small 

duties and generally motivating die highest standards of 
performance. Working closely with the Group Controller 
yog will abo be involved in meeting?, preparation erf board 
reports at Initiative and discretion are essential. Sound, 
experience, strength to WP and good keyboard skills also 
requested. Age 23-30. Please telephone 01 -493 5787. 
Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 
(Recruitment Consultants) 


ASCOT: GERMAN speaking Secretary to Director of 
Marketing. Requires good skills (English Shorthand 
etc.) and offers opportunity for quite a bit of indepen- 
dent administrative work. Salary in the region of 

speahng PA Secretory (25 +) with good commercial 
background, ideally in Sales Administration. Languages 
used on phone and via telex. Shorthand unecessary. 
Salary £9.000 - £10.000. 

P A/Secretary to work in an unusual and cosmopolitan 
setting - a friendly somewhat hectic trading 

languages. Salary £9,500 negotiable. 

Recruitment CsnsoRanfs 
22 Charing Road, London WC2 OHR. 
01-836 3704/S. 






Wang/IBM display 
wriier/dccmaie secs with shorthand 
( 100wpm)/audio. 

Earn £240pw 

Audio Sees with Olivetti ET225 Electron- 
ic lypewriicr experience. 

Earn £200pw 

Immediate bookings available 
Enjoy the more personal approach to lem 
porary work. 


629 4343 


wmmm telephone; 01-029 4343 mmmm 

The new Citv office of an esteb- 
tehed rttn iate HBl Seortos 
company mil open ixer ttw 
mootti. The mo dyrairec saniw 
executives raqin a first -class, 
exnenerexd secreury (ftnanoal 
badgioum) prierred) to assist 
them m bevrioiMnq the* UK busi- 
ness. You matur% and 
orgaosafoona) fbn mil ensue a 
varied. Vtfaest m q day. mvoMng 
aranging fomtAes end BtaensM 
foavel operamg a FAX art WP, 
and also meetng and 

Cermet ROM LEE eo 62312a. 

ZSgg j ge &j apife 



1 Ilf 

That ’s the glory of EL Vmm, 75% of uk\ 
development is garden — and the 
apartments are only 2 storeys high. 

There's worn to breathe, space to soothe your soul 
Yet MarbeOa and Puerto Bonus are just minutes 
m wry. ft can all be yours from only £39,000 

mrrqxy qaaBty and reliability ■— Marble (torn, 
fitted kitchen, terrace, 27ft bmge —and 


1 Bed, 1 Bait from £39,000* 

2 Bed, 2 Bath from £50,000* 

3 Bed, 2 Bath from £78,000* 



Trt U««»JWJ> Yard -Young (Ml 640 360 


2 bedroom luxury apartments. Marble floors, 
spacious terraces, fully fitted Kitchens, all with uninterrupted 
south fedng sea views, dub house, swimming pool. 

Courtesy bus service. Ready for immediate occupation. 

3 bedroom penthouses available. Introductory prices 
from £57,000 with 50% 10 year mortgages available. 

2 Bedroom Garden Apartments 

Excellently constructed family 
properties, fuJJy fitted kitchen, huge 
terraces, lawns & gardens. Just 2 nuns, 
to beach. Swimming pod & underground 
parking. Gose to golf & tennis. 

Only £26,000 

For details of this opportunity: 
TeL 0789 293111 

The most exciting village 
' Jc * e,0 Pnitnt located between Las 
Americas and Los Gigantes with 400m of 
coastline. Exceptional sporting facilities, 
restaurants, supermarket, boutiques and 
Management offices. Some 3*4 hours From U.K. 
SriSy' Detached villas - £45.900 to £99.000 

'w/ Studios. I and 2 Bedroom Apts -£20,000 to £39.600 
,jT Penthouses -£34,500 to £5 1^00 

' — — - Full Bank Guarantees 


OORN STREET WIThffiY OXON OX8 7DG Td (0993) 71187 



A Mosey dmfoprati tallies 

a \*v aTTt) t t\'t t » r.Vf.i -At •< 

1 M 01-351 3135 

-- — ^ hhntetm% ty Pvtixpain limed 


SUNDAY 16th MARCH 11.30am-5pm 




'(>'-fo.'A.s- r i,s-i.. -Bea«luts _ • 

“If Winter’s here, can Spring be. 
far behind?" 

Why not visit our property exhibition and see 
some of the finest developments in the 
Marbdla/Estepona region. 




Properties from £45,000 - £250,000 



Wed IBh/Thur 13th MarchlD^O am - 330 pm 

Please call 0] 486 8305 for further 

Spring may be closer thaw you think. 



VMK van in nrerttevet- 
nat wm pool w tauti 
MMS. 5 run. Kit a BUh. pfr 
, Balcony. WJn. 0 1-736 1493 

Luaiious v*a tuay tumisted 
anriUMM in I m 
of beauttfufy landscaped cur- 
den - t am p tel ed Mb 1984, 
The aceomodiMn ooRipraeB 
3 double bedmora and both- 
rooms together with one 
master betkoom and baxti- 
room Otm room and 
magnAcent 40 R lounge. Tito 
property is sal on 3 Soon al 
won balcony* ottamg 
unriwupted risws over m 
and mountavw Outside n» 
property is completely uuKd 
and there is a garage tar 3 
cam, 33ft swnreiiig pool and 
lage iah pond with waterfal. 
The vita is situated si the 
warmest ami dryout pert ol 
Span and is only a 50 mnuta 
dnws tan Abneria aaport 

Price C145LSQQ 

A» bn rafundod on sale ol 

TeL 028337373 between 9am- 
5pm Monday -Friday or 0283- 
813211 weekends 

Get away to your own villa 
in a beautiful, unspoilt 
Spanish Hideaway 



Norton Eadmd Tel WeyrtWlieO»747 

F-Fr*. Rtag 04024 . 

SAN mm nr. MwtwBa. Erv 
chABUno small private hoUoay 
vlbwHi tool. FnHy InUM. 
Sta 2-4. £39.500. 01-458 3020 

■MWIU - San P*dro. 2 Orel 
aw. Forty rum. views lo m 
and raountakn. Prtv odn & 
pool. £19.000. Td 0722 2T77.S 

HZA Fidb> v qu towl 2 MOreem 
nar overlooking an A unsnoHt 
Can Lionga bay. £20.000 ono 
lor SHUCK sale. Td: 0633 50730 



1.2 & 3 bedroom apart- 
ments from £24.600 
superb position. Contact: 
MMI Properties Ltd 




01-676 9105 



£eism Properties 



k A 

Whether in the French or Swiss 
Alps, or on the Costa del Sol,* 
Worktown International can offer an 
extensive range of leisure, retirement, 
or holiday homes. 

From small traditional towns to 
internationally renowned skiing . 
resorts in Switzerland, we have 
superbly constructed chalets and _ 

In delightfully constructed resorts 
set in some of the best skiing areas of 

Europe, our French properties 
range from small studios to luxury 
family apartments. 

If you seek the sun, we can offer 
typical Andalucian villas and 
apartments all along the Costa del 
Sol - either dose to the beach, by 
the golf course or up in the hills. 

.. Whether as an investment or 
purely for enjoyment, we can cater 
for your requirements. Contact 
us now. 

Prince rrc<l£k£fiouse37Mac^ WL MOl^aafl Telex 23887 WOWfTTi CL 

mujua> nan to £ 10 . 000 . 

General admin comMned wm 
acc ur ate mactMid and tmog 


Art Department 

To provide a secretarial back-up 10 the Assis- 
tant Director in charge of London exhibitions. 
This post win appeal to anyone interested in 
art as the Assistant Director is responsible fora 
programme of exhibitions which are shown at 
the Hayward and Serpentine galleries in Lon- 
don and which also tour. Applicants must be 
experienced secretaries with good shorthand 
and typing skills and used to working in a busy 

Salary according to experience on a scale 
£6687-£7972pa plus £200 pa secretarial 

For an application form and job description 
please contact: 

The Personnel Department, 

Arts Council, 

105 Piccadilly, 

London W1V 0.4U, 

TeL- 01-629 9495 Ext. 266. 

Closing date for receipt of 
applications: 21st March 

An Equal Opportunities 


Estate agents seek audo sec. 
PeraoraWv and good typng 
sMb required m vaned and in- 
torestng wortc deafcng wdh 
people and property, pleasant 
office atmosphere at Llt3e 
Venroe WS Stay bom 

01-299 1092 

Company seek PA/SK lo 
OWnom A MD. varted. to 
volvlnq iuic hnptno la pranMr 
IMUUI NdBOlng n UK. Goad 
typtna. rooty ilwniMnd re- 
wiested. Ape 224-. w w w id Ol 
409 1232 Tbs Work snap. 

KCCPnoMHT £7000 - WeH 
P TMmt rd person eougM by 
tovrty wnd r ca. to look alter 
recepUao and mNI 9wiaibaanL 
Bade typing isswyml reauuwd. 
Ape IB-33. PHaw Id Ol 493 
6787 Cordon Yatn 

College Leaver 


Small, exclusive tnvesimerfc consultancy near St James’s Park 
seeks a young secretary to look after correspondence and 
general admin at directorJeveL Friendly yet professional 
environme nt , o fferin g an Ideal first-job opportiakty In the 
world of Stocks, shares and private investment. Retatnlty and a 
mature outlook are Important Accurate sk3b (30/50) 
essentiaL For farther detaas please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Ok! Bond Street, London W1 

(Recrutartent Consultants) 


Required for Agency near Covent Garden. Well 
spoken, attractive person required to work , in 
pleasant surroundings. Duties include greeting 

1 M i ! A 1 1 1 1 ■ 1 ii • »» T : •Mil m e i 41 k«i,> -fMiii 

Flessey iSDX switchboard and a Cheetah T 
Expenence of these machines is e s s en tia l . Salary 

Contact Ann HaH on 01-836 9301. 


■otoar and McrnUnp tab In- 
iMvhmM m ffiuD Ofncr. ape 
21-60. Sbarttaad/awDa. Wrttr 
Howard Sharp A Partncn. 79 

SW1P ZEZ W PMM iiwnmn .1 
0732 464042. 


Expanding WCI Advertising Agency requires 
two Account Group Secretaries. 

“O' level education with accurate Sh/Typingand 
an ability to work under pressure are essential. 
Successful applicants will have a pleasant and 
confident personality, with a minimum of two 
year's secretarial experience. 

£8,000 negotiable. 

Please apply in writing, enclosing C.V. to: 

Jane Hnyrter 

Ted Room 6 Partners Limited 
100 Gray's Inn Road 

London WC2X 8Au. 



We have a demand for Legal Secretaries to work tor 
our prestigious clients throughout Central London. 
Excellent rales plus holiday and Bank Holiday pay. 

1. Legal WP Secs Shorthand and Audio . up io 
Hi® p.h. 

Z Legal Audio/Shodhand Secs, up to £600 p.h. 
For more information about these and other interest- 
ing positions, please call Carmel on 01-242 07S5. 

r Personnei dgk 
Appointments Wf 

95 AMwytm. London WC2B 4JF. Tat: 01 -242 0785 
124 tro ana. service). 

required for Sole Practi- 
tioner in Fleet Street. 
Salary £9,500. Please 
telephone on 01-353 

(No Agencies Please) 

1) Legal AucSo 
Secretary £9500 
+ 2 Bonuses. 3 
Years Co/lsrw 
experience. CHy 

2) Legal Awfio 
Floater £9500+ 
All aspects-AH 
levels. W1 Sols 







An opportunity has arisen to join the UK Systems 
Recruitment Division of a nugor world wide recruit- 
ment organisation. 

Ideally you’ll be an experienced DP Consultant with 
the te c hnic al awareness and interpersonal latent to co- 
ordinate the replacement of DP people with employers 
throughout the UK. 

We offer you genuine scope for personal reward and 
career development. 

CV phase to Joy Adams; 


01-439 4001. 

! irvoi WANT 
{()(,□ All LAI). 

(Mi ! 

mi v- miisi 

de la Creme 


WcwMy Am 

SoNchor. minimum 3 yean 
post qualification required to 
nu brand) office of thriving 
.practice. General <rorUaad 
with conveyancing bins and 
certain preapeets. Salary c. 

Stab Com 

Smatt. forward tooting prac- 
tice racks Fcecnrly quaijikd 
amrani lo asm wiih 
coriipa ny/corn inertial and 

general litigation workload. 
Satary attractive and 

Li Ud lion asnstam. prefiara- 
Hj 2 years post qualification, 
to undertake varied dvd 
workload. Medium nr pro- 
greniveand friendly practice 
OiRriug competitive salary. 

AB sabots far (be above ao- 
are entirely 


rtmv wM good Qvtng and 
•MptaMl- requwd UV hitmia- 
SSwtw a Pweadta. 
mtrmttng and varied wore. 

kaotvfepr of »M CrarHrtWT' inc- 
{STexeetaii ralrev «nd BUP A. 
prune Mr R«»«U on 01-734- 

can oomno in Lcudtno 
Onion Co. lor outgone, sec. 
wtut tri tsung A WP exp. 
janar Careers (Stoane Sq) Lid. 
01-730 6148. 

SCHOOL rcculros 

senrucy PA tar UK nrad-M- 
fm Crntral London location. 
TMdltKinr: 01-039 7118 

omircr itavob ih h» 

b«n Jmt Irit Cnlhv? Seeking 
an uuemflne Bncrmarui rote 
wltMn the toOawtng? Adtmte 
Inn. PostoMna. P R ono rums. 
SH not raenuai Contact Um 
54tUiMB 493B676nr Jdter 7pm 
099 4JTT. Duke sl Ktv cons. 

HOTEL* UJM * review. An 
oreanirad ynmo recra ta y la 
ikcHm to 333M nus rtai London 
Sates Executive and Ms noU 
tram wltn 4 rarMr or PR 
protects, ritenl Marion and ad 
nuMatranon Thb ts on 
opport un ity tea- s o meone with a 
u v ety permwimy ana lots of ua- 
ttame who te looking for 
rerelleat career rmi mi i 

80-60 skUri * WP training giv- 
en. Tetephone 01 499 6070. 
Carre me King Appri. 
PDtMMMCL CMto TMs rap- 
Idhr eapanding US Bank oeerto a 
Penamnel AratsUM who ts pood 
wuh ton and nasanree (or 
detafl. An MUMU aoseiUve 
omonattty n rrarnUar to rape 
wtth tbe Iasi pace. A varied day 
includes au vthmo from deaiiag 
with stad flies lo modtcai 
daims Goraputer espenenre 
and good wtepoooe nuumgr 
needed. Typing 4 3 wprae. Trle- 
phone Caroline King Appb on 
Ol 499 8070. 

Bt Wt WBT OJOft Lots of 
than* A rtteUbtUy tar Super tit 
terior Dasmi Go typtag A 
nMtUew phone manner era - 
UaL Lovely aoicas. Jayoar 
Careen 09kMne So) Lid. Ol -730 


mndred Busy ■ Private Wes 
End practice. 9-6-30. 4 weeks 
taaun Good wy and warn- 
ing environment Trt Ol 936 
3342 for aptan tment. 

W HWrH IIIT BWW regutm 
audio secretary to aisHi manag- 
er and lus team ol eeceuuves 
Central London C9&00*. Ata- 
ri nn«M( Ot -439-2777 

pondUig WI Co. Outotog 
DtmialH, woh end. pnone 
manner. Suit graduate C/L 
OtmtoA/Spritai uaetuL 30 
wpm typing. C nog. Morrow 
Eras Apr 01-034 1487. 

HCOO «CMTAHnr to C Mr- 
■nan or aU Co WI. Slaw, rusty 
sn & some audio. Al presmiB- 
don A wrecP Coo Ivr 
CORMCR4. CC7.S00. 

woodhouse Rac cm oioos 


AUDIO Site a ieveri and mnw- 
die with W lor mearch In 
Hoekhrakere. Cflenl OMMOri 
£8600 plus big bonus. Phone 
01-668 9861 Ann Warrington 
Sec Careers. 


) Teesside Polytechnic 

expandtag Mate 
reatdre bright and emnateaic 
young person with good secre- 
tarial radio would son noege 
leaver. Tot Barnard Marais 
834 7045- 


a WM irHi Baj B S ptifojri 

Department of Management Studies 


RccmhinE is now taking [dace for a 4 year sandwich counc 
leading io the award of the A n o ciate ti i ip of the Clothing A 
Footwear Imntuu. 

Students should hare S Gen's (I at 'A' level) which should 
include English and Mathematics or a Science. 

The 2 part course covers al] aspects Of Clothing production, 
design, textiles, pattern construction, garment manufacture 
with emphasis on the management of production units- 

A cmc year period is spent on inducrial placement during the 
second part of the course. 

The minimum age of entry is 18 yean. Consideration is ateo 
given to mature students. 

Please apply for further details tse 

MirtuUe Jofctoo, AJCFJ. Course Secretary, T e e s si de Poly- 
technic, Department of Management StraSo. Flans Lane 
Centro, Flans Lane, Normasby, Mitkflnbroogh. Cleveland. 



Well established 

mcdium/snull practice 
requires commercial liti- 
gator with up to 2 years 
post qualification experi- 
ence lor quality workload 
within expanding depart* 
mcnL Salary cil5j000- 

West End 


mcdium/smaU practice 
seeking commcretal con- 
veyancer for 

un supervised quality 
workload. Exccficm pros- 
pects. competitive salary. 

Central London 

Medium sized welt re- 
spected practice socks 
intellectual property law- 
yer wilh up io 4 years 
post qualification experi- 
ence. Excellent salary. 
All oiluiri tor tat aba** 
pouir i o wi i aw entirely 


We act for a young 
progressive medium 
Cfty practice who seek a 
forward looking, vigorous 
solicitor to suxr their 
c o m mc TBal conveyancing 
dc p a nm e a L No supervision. 
Partnership status imminent. 
Salary c£ESJX» tdus 





We are instructed by 
a major prestigious 
City practice to intro- 
duce outstanding 
lawyers with experi- 
ence in afl corporate 
finance related mat- 
ters. The workload 
emphasis will be 
upon Venture Capital 
aid large Manage- 
ment Buy-outs. 
Significant remunera 
bon and car 
' prospects are 



“ritattaute. c^27oao2i?* aty 

Cj* IjSjD 






Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or selling your home in the usual 
way. we charge £280 {+ V.A.T. and disburse- 
ments! for prices up to £60,000. Please 
telephone us for a quotation on figures higher 
than that. We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 



* 3 1 ': times income or 2kj times joint income 

* 100 % mortgages Dp to £ 100,000 

* No evidence of income required for loans 
up to £150.000 for qualifying Applicants 

* MIRAS facility available over £30.000 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for full information 

Financial Services 
25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 
Open outD S p.m. today 

Are you a Fnsl lime 
Buyer or Movtog Soon? 

Ttos rotopemteffl agency works 
inf llte buyer ml (he seller. 
Members, buy**] lor the tns 
lime or moving house, can save 
tussle and hundreds at (MFO& 
on mortgage payments and oitw 
easts. Prasea m the Fimmcal 
Trues |17 N« 19S<). Observer 
US July IWU. Party Mai (28 
Jan 19851 etc. 

Phone « wine tot a free leaflet. 
Ifi Seymour Place. Landau W1 
Telepkaae 01-723 6001 


Buying a house or an 
apartment in London but 
can't spare the umc and 
of fort f 

Let the specwllsl 
Ad ror sou. 

TelcphOWuOI i 740 6527 
Tolen: 6?7121 

Finchley N3 

turt &Tivendaie 

r\r tuuv iwc «n error* 
TEhPUl Arrom has been 
IiiiiMiki lo an ■■\lrnnrly tiwh 
shunlanl Cnlranrp lull with 
li'.ilurr iiirh. rivrm. Z rofnmti 
nwalimi r.Ts kll hrklM rm. 
dining rm. S Ims. 2 bairn A 
nrvil mwliPiS shown rm' 
+ WC Tull wi CH liilpg W 
L.inclvapnl wins CIUS.OOO 
r hiMil Ref. ZSI2P 

01-346 7771 



Aii depm grade II hsted Geor- 
gian lawn bant svmpaiheac- 
ollv restored. J beds. 2 tabs. 
(Hooks. 32ft reception, aumdm 
dining room and kitchen lead- 
ing to gkmous 50 8 guden. 
£4o5A». Freehold. 

Top floor Oat reached by fin- 
vale lift- Rccqmou. fined 
kitchen. 2 beds. 2 kixnty taUt- 
rooms II en suUdL Access Jo 
vast communal terrace. 51 
vears. £145.000 to uid carpets 
anil kitchen equipment. 

01-235 4545 
jumrrs mmo house 

Holland Park Road. Superb 
Yictoreui bonse m rofabkd cul- 
de-sac. Double volume studio/- 
rreeptien 28 ft * 28 ft with 

S lier*. .1 beds. 3 baths, study. 

nmg loom 22 ft s 14 ft, roof 
icrracc Counvard. Gas CH. 
1550.000. Freehold. 

Attractive modern town house 
i magi natively decorated. 5 
beds. 2 baths, cloakroom, dou- 
ble reccpnoa. kncben/bnak&st 
room, garden roam, utility 
room. Large garage, off meet 
narking, garden, cornmnnal 
puto-C 81 yn. EtfSJMO. 

01-221 5114 


A bright, south-faring 
ground & first floor 
maisonette close to 
Queensway. Rear 
views and the use of 
communal gardens, 
and car parking avail- 
able. 3 beds, recep, 
kit/di ningrm, bath. 
Gas CH. 94 yis. 
£1 10.000. 

Marsh ft Parsons 
01-727 9811 


The Ban-art Premier Collection is a completely new range of 
over fifty individual and innovative house designs. 

Homes to suit eveiy taste and pocket at prices that range all the 
wav from £20.000 up to £500.000. 

Each home sets brand new standards in living space, specifica- 
tion and sryle. 

And they're just brimming over with those special touches 

I^Hr-TM.. HU. in:.:. ■ ■ >■.* '••r-TTITV.aH-.P 

For full details of this exciting new generation of homes and 
our four unique show villages, visit your nearest 
Barratt development or write to; 

Barra tt Information Service, Post Office Box no. 

4UD, London W1A4UD. 


Entry bna> jickoldral BnrMdndDpoMtbiiutiaimkkr.dMBldn* rMignin Btmdnstaui. BrartnHLCbqsw 4 Wawdmft*. 

Roberts Court 

43-49 Barkston Gardens Ba H^Bnuse 
Kensington, London SW5 ■ ■■■- -- 


Almost totally reconstructed behind their original facades, 
these four handsome houses provide superbly designed and 
immaculately presented apartments in a quiet and convenient 
location overlooking beautiful communal gardens — and 
amenities include lift, resident porter, audio-visual entry 
system, gas-fired central heating, fully equipped kitchens, etc. 



FROM £295,000 


Joint Selling Agents 


Rare Queen Anne 
house to suit 
sporting family 

B HeathfreW at Dereham is one of 
the few Queen Anne houses fn Norfolk 
and is therefore expected to attract 
great interest The house, about 15 mites 
from Norwich, has three receptions 
and five bedrooms. 

It is set in secluded grounds of more 
than £ve acres and the orchard has ade- 
quate space for a tennis court and 
swimming pool The one-acre paddock 
has outbuildings suitable for conver- 
sion into stables. There is also a two 
bedroomed brick and ffint 
cottage. Strutt and Parker's Norwich 
'office is asking for £200,000. 

B Watermill Cottage, at Kedington, 
Suffolk, is an attractive thatched prop- 
erty, complete with pheasant 
perched on the roof, near the mill 
bridge over the River Stour, it has 
three reception rooms and three or four 
bedrooms, for which Simon Berry 
and Partners of Sudbury are asking 
around E664XXL 

Knock-down price 

■ A 19th-century brick and tile cot- 
tage, once a parr and now requiring com- 
plete renovation, is for sale through 
knight Frank and R Utley's Hungerford 
office.The Paddocks, Marsh Benham. 
near Newbury, has a (fining room, sitting 
room, and three bedrooms. The gar- 
den has a small stream and there is plan- 
ning permission for demolition and 
reconstruction of a dwelling of 3,500 
square feet The agents want more 
than £70,000. 

B Heathtawn, Wyck Riastngton, 
Gloucestershire, is a Grade ll-fisted 
Cotswolds house standing on the 
edge of the vfflage green. It is for sate 
by auction through the Stow-on-the- 
Wold office of Bernard Thorpe and Part- 
ners. It has spacious 
accommodation and planning consent 
for an extension. The 
about half an acre, is expected to fetch 
more than £05,000. 

Courses for horses 

fl A venal s Farm, at Angmering. West 
Sussex, is a Grade IHisted period 
farmhouse built of flint and brick set in 
three acres of gardens and paddocks. It 
has five bedrooms and two bathrooms, 
with three reception rooms, study, 
conservatory and garden room. There is 
renovated stabling for six horses, and the 
house, midway between the Downs and 
the sea, is well placed for riding, sailing 
and golf. There is an attached cottage. 
King and Chasemore's East Preston 
office requires offers around £265,000. 

■ Lane Fox and Partners, with Rytands, 
are setting part of the Lovington House 
fishing at Ovington, near AJ restor'd, 
Hampshire. The beat indudes about 370 
yards of double bank fishing on a main 
carrier of the Itchen and offers above 
£25,000 are required for the freehold 
fishing rights. 

Bramshott Yale Estate, at Bramshott, near Iiphook, Hampshire, is ft 
fine and easily estate set in 86 fteves. It urindess G eor gi an 

mansion builtin 1732 and tberights to the Lordship of me Manor, farm 
and cottages. Cnbitt and West’s Gnildford office s ashing aroand 
£750,000 for entire estate or about £450,000 for die Jmcse witfantrt the 
form and cottages. The house, which has Gorinthian piBars supporting 
the porch, has three reception rooms, four mam .bedrooms and four for- 
ther bedroo ms; with a waited garden and three paddocks . hi » tcres of 

location for a stud farm. 

A guide for the j 

-Buying a house has developed into a to borrowers. Tb 
kind of financial blind man’s buff with to shop around I 

many buyers feeling that they have 
reached completion more by kick than 
judgment,” says Tony Stoughtoh-Har- 
ris. chief general manager of the Anglia 
Building Society. 

There are certainly many people who 
would agree with that assessment of the 
traumatic business of house-buying. 

That is his way of introducing 
Anglia's new HomeMaker mortgage 
service, which was launched at the Ideal 
Home Exhibition in an attempt to 
simplify the complicated process and 
explain it It is described as a “step by 
step guide through the housebuying 
jungle" and is designed to give buyere 
more control over their destiny, from 
the time they first consider buying their 
new home to well after they have moved 

“Our research shows that few people 
feel they have control over - their 
purchase, which is really disconcerting 
when you think that it is the largest - 
transaction most of us are ever likely to 
maker says Mr Sto ughto n-Hsris. - 

The HomeMaker gives a comprehen- 
sive file of information and guidance on 
every step in the hoasebuymg process, 
and also deals with mortgage-matters . 
and insurance. 

In addition, the guide gives advice on 
home improvements and further ad- 
vances, energy conservation, decorating 
and room planning. , _ . 

Anglia is supporting its service with a 
new mortgage pledge, which provides a 
three month guarantee of an agreed Joan 

to b ur row ers. This enables the borrower 
to shop around for & property knowing 
that there is money avambte to proceed 
with the purchase, arid is a valuable 
reassurance. •,/. 

The guide arid the pledge are not 
simply a philanthropic gesture — they 
are the latest example of the efforts 
being' made by everybody in the 
property business to keep up with the 
competition now that estate agency and 
conveyancing air being opened up. 

“With increasing competition in the 
home loan . market. . borrowers are 
expecting farmorcfrom their building 
society than just a cheque for their 
mort^ge.What they want above all else 
is impartial advice which points them in 
the right direction,” Mr Stoughton- 
Harris explains. The guide is available 
to Angfe bo rro w ers when their formal 
application has been accepted 

Solicitors too are concerned about 
their share of the market as conveyanc- 
ers, and many have already reduced 
their feesin order to compete. Anthony 
Holden .Crofts rind Co is a fairly new 
firm of West London solicitors which 
concentrates on conveyancing, and it 
has produced a booklet aiming to help . 
homeowners through the legal pitfalls of 
buying and selling property. 

The guide includes a table feu 
calculating the total cost of the transac- 
tion, and is available from the firm's 
offices in Ealing, Brentford and Houns- 

(Details from the Ealing office; 01-840 

7878 - ) - . CSV 

174 Brampton Road 
London SW3 1HP 
telex 23661 WAE 

01-581 7654 

parrar ' 

r STEAD & 

. CUN 

152 Fulham Road SWrO Ot-373 8425 
281 Kensngton Hrati Street WB 01-603 1221 
Tetex 295845 FSAND G 

LOWHOtS SO, SW1. FastNKable KaahtsSndCE so. spams ifl Bi apt. 
Treftenooos poteafeL 2 me beds. excrec.lgeH.balti.sep 

wc CH CHW. Ul ftp security, portaage. 75 yr be. ttiSJDBO 
OLD BROMPTON BQ. SW5L Supnb 2 dUe M raacoaeUe w® south 
m Msaad cnaracte Mtng com wtti taste & Kar. Drawn rm. sep. 
(tnng. wbdale U ft appbncss. Lux baft OUts/idfty. CH CHW. Use of 
9 te « V be. CTBJBW 

EMUS COURT SO. SMB. BesuSU adn sq. Stoorap Interior rieMwJ 3nJ - 
nr 2 led Bat Etogud rasep. Superaty apported raugtaA 

STUNNMG 2 SB) RAT. Viewnq ess kmac 1st 6 corn. (Met c*sc 
ctee 0W Botyrlin Bob! & Earls Court. 17H x 13 degsuil rac. Ua W. 2 rite 
Dob. IehAM UaBi QuaStyhfisdimgs fit Ind gc CH.9S p te-CMSM 
tiniE VBMGE, Mtt. Lge paftUy mod 3M fc msmsoi 8at SpienM 
news Masswe Hal ftem W. 2 beds, puss dta Baffi/wt bcpofcntol 
LtfL Donera^. tnd gas CH CHW. 1M jr Ba Otten Mled wand 

Salter Rex oHTowm 


Tni W * -1 1 , f'- 1 ' pl : 'Tvl I 'I 

IT?.''* 'T l-'~i | : 

* T': * ' i **^Tr 


1 "ra-lt-'Mi 

| ' WtI r " 1 _ 1 

f ? -Mu •'Zs m y' r ~t 

.V 1 




Umershm Street. SW10 £290^00 

Mew ft the marirel mcsl attractive penod house with large reran 
rms & superb open aspect along Gertrude Street 4 beds, 3 
recces, large lot Garden. CH. F hold. 

Hoad Street SW3 2249JW0 

Excellent maisonette on gr. 1st & 2nd fire ol period bouse with 
own Irani door. Modernised & well decorated. 4 beds, 2 baths, 
cltam. drawing rm, dnwig rm, Kit Boot terrace. 92 yrs. 
Tregmder Road. SW10 £385,B@@ 

Close lo The Boltons, a ktvery gr & gdn maisonette with lame 
private garden & large light rooms in excellent order. 3/4 beds, 
2 baths, shower. 2/3 receps. kit, utility. CH. 45 yrs. 
Koigbtsb ridge, SW3 £335,000 

New on .the market an excellent 4 bed maisonettB ot 2nd. 3rd 
& 4th firs ol a period house overlooking square gardens. Large 
recep. fat. 2 baths, dkrm. CH. 125 yrs. 

Chelsea Office: 01-352 1484 

Peel Street. W8 £185.000 

A pretty Victorian cottage, modernised but with ingenuity could 
be improved. Al present 2 beds, large bath, tat, L shaped stung 
rm. drrang rm with train access. Garden. CH. F'hold 
Brunswick Gardens. W8 £120,080 

Aiovely Tsttlrtiat West facing in a grand stucco homed house 
in one of Kensignton's most attractive streets. 24' x 19' recap, 
bay windowed with sunny balcony, bedim, baffirm, kk CH. 122 

tehchurch Park Villas, W12 E3254S0 

By Ravenscourt Park, a beautiful Victorian house, detached & 
stand™ m large ham & rear gardens. Double honied, m 
immaante order, it has 2 defaghtlul receps & a bn, thoroughly 
equpped lot on the fr fir. 4 beds. 2 baths. CH. F'taH. 
Kenstaghn Office: 01-727 0705 

Cheryls Close, Fathom £13JW 

In a private development, a particularly well presented & fitted 
modern house. 2 beds, bath, cltam. drawing rm, kd/tSning rm. 
Cti. Oarage. Parking. Garden. F'hold. 

Fulham, SW6 £135JMffl 

Well presented family house, ttwroughly modernsed & retaining 
many original features. 4 beds, 2 baths. 2 receps. kit Cellar. 
CH. Garden. FTiokJ 
Fnffiara Office: 01-731 4223 


KenHworth Amae, SW19 


Manor House Drive, NW6 £550008 

Magraficart detached nrit war house m quiet tree lined crescent 
with main living on 2 firs. 6 beds, dressing rm. 2 baths, dkrm. 3 
receps. snooker rm, lot. b'tast rm, utility. Secluded garden. 
Garage. CH. Fhold. 

Betsize Park. NW3 £1384100 

In the heart of Belsse Park dose to Swiss Cottage a bright & 
spacious flat on raised gr fir of large stucco fronted Victorian 
house. 3 dble beds, 2 baths, recep, taL Garden. CH. 135 yrs. 
Kent Terrace. NW1 f545PQ9 

Modernised to very high standard an elegant Regency house in 
fine Nash Terrace with views over Repents Park from Roof 
Terrace. 4 beds, 3 baths. 3 receps. tot utility. CH. Paved patio 
garden. S/c flab 2 rms. bath. New Crown Estate Lease 58 yrs. 
Avenue Road, NWS £350,000 

in very quiet position facmg Primrose Hilt an immaculate gr fir 
flat in excellent block. 3 beds, 2 baths, 2 receps, tot dkrm. CH. 
Porter. Parking. 84 yrs. 

Regents Park Office: 01-267 3267 
Wix s Lane. SW4 £72,500 

Off Ctapham Common Norttistde a 3 bed 1st ft flat m good 
decorative order with a West facing roof terrace & 2 receps. kit 
bath. CH. 121 yrs. 

Manchuria Road, SW11 £130,000 

Wirtwi easy walking distance of Qapham Common Under- 
ground. a well presented Victorian house with 4 dble beds, large 
en suite baiti/dresstrg rm. 2nd bath. 26' recep. kit/blast rm. 
dkrm. South tacmg girted. CH. Cellar. Fhotd Sunday Viewing: 
223 3419. 

York Naums, SW11 £112,000 

Extremely wall modernised 4th tlr flat with South facing aspect 
m block with firft & potter. 2 receps, lot with during area. 3 beds, 
bath. CH. 999 yrs & fhofd. 

Battersea Office: 01-228 0174 

Lame semi-detached family house convenient for Underground 
& Martline stations. 5 beds. bath. 3 receps. consenratwy. kit 
sep WC. CH. Garden. FhoKL 

Bassingbam Road, SW18 £76,000 

Web maintained Victorian house needing redecoration. 3 beds, 
bath, dble recep, tot/bfast mt utility, cunsavatwy, kit 2 sep 
WCs. Cellar. CH. Fhold. 

Wandsworth Office: 01-871 3033 

SI Stephens Mews, W2 £95403 

Excellent Value. In a quiet, attractive mews, a practical low buffi 
house of 2 beds. 2 baths, recep. kit dkrm. CH. Garage. Fhold. 
Chepstow Crescent W11 £185/998 

A walled, private South facing garden is reached from the 
elegant drawing rm of tins unusual mareonette on 3 firs. 3 beds, 
bam. 2 receps. tot clkrm. Garage. CH. Fhold. 

Cleveland Square, W2 £1694)00 

Extremely smart, beautifully decorated 1st Or flat recently in 
‘House & Garden'. Large drawing rm South facmg over the 
Square, interesting galfened tot/mring rm, 2 beds, bath. Lift 
Caretaker. CH. 82 yrs. 

Wes&wrae Grave Office: 01-221 1341 

Eaton Place, Be); 

Beautifully decorated 
& 4th firs ol etegar 
rms with hgh ce4mf 
Ldt Ch. 50 yrs. 

Down Street Ma 

Superb 2nd fir flat m 
ononal leatures. Ver 
to Green Park. Dble 

raria £4254)00 

particularly spacakous maisonette on 3rd 
penod budding. Lame wed proportioned 
. 3 beds, 2 baths, shower, 3 recaps, kit 

fair £1454)06 

he bidding wfth delightful rooms & many 

Park. Dble bat bath, recep. krL Lift Porto. 1 
Office: 01-488 BOSS 

Melody Road, SW18 £128,506 

A 70 West facing oarden behnid tins terraced house m a pretty 
tree bned street Well decorated 4 beds. 2 bates, dble recap, 
dmtng rm. conservatory, tot, 2 sep WCs. Cellar. CH. FhokL 

Wandsworth Office: 01-871 3033 


AvaOaMe Own MfidOa 
Jonathan Lee A Co: ear 1986. 


■AMES tmu CHELSEA', a 

bed vie. run. aon 8 r win. 
£84,960. Tel: 876 929S. 





pleased to ofcr 

a very nee period house in Hals 
SI nfli 5bMfio Bar H mom 

Please trtepbone 01-589 3547 

.< K- ' W ■sm. 

% J ( J rf. W 




i •• O' I fCI I /Til 




W2 AUHDN HATE, Imsii J n«J. 
dMr rrop. 8 DaUv 3rd floor lux 

flat oirr looking Hyde bark, 
ponrr. nil. aaraam lor immedi- 
ate «le 40 yr be £2IOOoa 
ono. 01262 0362 or 402 3614 

DOUUAfmS E6. BSxJoni 2 bed 
maBanette. COS.CX) Carpets to 
remain. 0I-47J 0926iHi or Ka- 
ren on 01258 0408 X262 IWl 
SEMDETbunoalow t bed.flHKl 

Mlchen. London W4. £36.000. 
Tel 01-060 4334 





A tow ana detected Gentfan style 
randy resdem. Eimra m. 
natfe reran Sudy. Wtsatba 
nan 5 Bmk. 2 Offlts p at s»») 
0S.P. PM/wnfBn. 

FR^r&J) £3254)00 
01-586 5999 
(toon today iMpm 

lui garden nat wttb o«i 
entrance hi prwttytwB nad. a 
beds. receotkxi. fined 
UKhni/Hidty. iwd®* fcaifr- 

120 lean leaehjMd- asusOO. 

No agents. OI-38S Sral. 

but cfiarnung rwr tied run ver- 
sion. Full C H Owe 10 Wed 
End. 118 vear Maw + stum <M 
freeftold. to me. cams A cur- 
talna. Tel. 01-3W 3048 talttr 
8pm & weekeoHW. 

LITTLE VEMGE Period house. 3 
recepUom. 3 bedrooms. 2 
bails. German kitchen, waued 
garden. Conservatory. Sauna. 
Really weriall C349.80O. VIEW 
TODAY Tel. 01-286 0364. 

OFF CROSVDKM SO. 3rd floor 
flat. MagntfKeN drawing rm. 
opn ri«pt*ee. 2 bed rms. en 
trance 1140. K&B. 60 yrs. 





is our charge lor freehold 
property sales or purchases 
nespectnie of pnea 

72 Eden Street 

01-548 4442 
ftjr fnfl written details 
ring us now. 


Stoidid late Victorian lam 
lly cue 3 bed. bam. 2 
recpL Mg. fitted kitchen. 
GCH garden fore and aft. 
9 mins London Bridge 

Quick sale warned 

Tel 01-732 0711 


Truly superb family bouse with 
garaging and Rf. Terrace. 5 
neds^ 1 baths., 2 reception rms. 
Delightful furmshings of superior 

£800 per week 

Little Venice Office: 01-286 


• wide range of quaffiy furmshea 

ana unfurnished property 
• Fud Management Semes 

| wefl maintaieed p/b block. Ideal 

riTTnfvrnntywarr, 1 access te City orWest Eui 2 

CHESTERTC^S I 1 ® 8 * b8ds - 

ViRK " ,f NT | 'i ^ * area,' baftmL, effcniL, fcft. Bafco- 

fly- U grorf- garage. AvaOefafer 3 

. • uegaiTa* Advice 
Personalised Senhce throt#* 
7 computer knked offices 

Sunny tntfit tnurter dr 
wnwd Z tedroomrd ftfll 
wih tool lerracc Carpets 
Hunts aaa curtain* isc 


0l- 7 20 1^06 



fejy y y . ^ .■ 1 ^ i r 

DOT 3 «W) 037W7 »9Q Oil. £180.000. Oi-W 7770 


6» L 

- ■ 

•• t&Jt * • 

■ 1 - - *• ». r . 

V ,*•’ 

?■: J 

ir»i i'Yi n 

i ah' 

.;*■ ; - ■** ,.\s 


Beware carrying out home improve- 
ments — for they may not turn out to 
improve the property and many are 
unlikely., to improve the value of the 
house by the cost of the work uiKfetak- 
en. _ • 

This is a simple thesis, but it is 
necessary to emphasize it because a lot 
of people buy houses with that 
and are then disappointed,: if not angry, 
when they find the work was largely in ' 
vain. ' 

t It is tnie at aO levels of the market, al- 
though those at the top rad who spend 
Luge capital sums on grandiose schemes - 
to suit their ambitions and pers onali ty 
can lose the most. 

Talking about country houses, Antho- 
ny Wardell of Knight Frank and Rutley 
says he has bn a number of occasions 
been brought in to assess the likely price 
that would be achieved for a house that 
has recently had substantial sums spent 
on It “To the bitter disappointment of 
the owners I have had to inform them 
that the price which themarketwould 
be prep are d to pay. for the property 
would not cover the additional expense 
which had recently been injected into 
the property.” . 

Often owners carry out such improve- 
ments on thebasis that the home will be 
theirs for some years, and that they have 
no thoughts of selling within the near 
future. “However, because of the mobil- 
ity of those with careers in the CSty or in 
the high levels of industry and afen 

A nuisance for the 
potential buyer 

because of family reasons, a sale may 
ofteh have to late place much sooner 
than expected,” be explains. 

The result can be that their pride and 
joy can become a do wnr i ght nuisance— 
for it may put potential buyers ofiflf they 
do not happen to share the vendor's 
taste, apart from felling to enhance the 
value of the property by the amount it 

In advice to owners, Mr Warden says 
they should ask whether they are 
a malting the property. too expensive for. 
its location and style: h is all very weU to 
carry out expensive improvements to a 
house but if it is in a shun very few peo- 
ple would be fikdy to take it on* 



By Christopher Warinan 

Property Correspondent 

however luxurious it was inside. Sub- 
stantial i m prove m ents may well take 
the property into a different price 
bracket — where location again is of the 
greatest importance. 

There are, of course, some improve- 
ments which will sustain or enhance the 
property’s value. Mr Warden says that 
those improvements that are of general 
use, ' such as improvements to the 
structure and to the services, are usually 
reflected in theprice that will eventually 
be achieved. “The major items which 
can cause problems are inappropriate 
extensions, sports complexes thpt in- 
clude swimming pod, gym and snooker 
rooms, and expensive landscaping.” 

He gives an example of a house close 
to the M25 in Sumy which without 
improvements would have achieved a 
figure somewhere between £280,000 
and £300,000. A luxury swimming pod 
complex had been added, including a 
heated pool, Jacuzzi and sauna, costing 
around £100,000: Yet the market would 
probably only stand a price of about 
£330,000 for the property. The house 
had no staff accommodation, probably 
necessary at that price, and had limited 
land because the complex had taken up 
a great deal of the garden. 

Another house he saw recently had a 
similar complex,: while the main house 
had not been touched, leaving it with 
dared bathrooms and an old-fashioned 
Ititchen and bofler. A third example was 
a house near Brighton, at the top end of 
the maket, winch was built to the 
design and specification of the owner 
with loamy fittings and to a very 
individual styte . ■ 

The trouble was that the house was 
not within easy access to London or the 
airports, although its appeal would 
normally be from the international 
market, and the layout of the bouse was 
- such that it was fine for two people but 
not suitable for a typical family. 

Sometimes the investment in a luxury 
item pays off A house in Cheyne 
Gardens, Chelsea, came on the market 
recently at £825,000 through Aylesford 
and Co, and Andrew Langton from the 
firm believes that it was the kitchen, 
“the most charming of any property for 
sale in London at the moment”, as he 
described it with the typical modesty of 
estate agents, which enabled the sale at 
around that price. 

He believes the return for a specific 
luxury items is only possible if it is not 
too individual, which immediately 
limits appeal. But an excellently execut- 
ed restoration and redecoration is 
always recoverable in a property, espe- 
cially if it is in a classic taditional 
English style. 

Nicholas Cooper, director of 
Aylesford’s Kensington office, feels that 
luxury and high quality presentation are 
essential for achieving high prices. 
“About four or five times a year we have 
a client who demands that a swimming 
pool or a ballroom or a shooting range 
or some such luxury item be incorporat- 
ed into the property, but on the whole 
such items do limit appeal" 

life basic rule; according to the agents 

Swimming pools can 
limit the appeal 

Humberts, is: “Do not spend much 
money on a house in a disappointing 
position since the average purchaser 
will rarely pay full value for a house 
unproved beyond its intrinsic worth in 
relation to nearby or comparable 

The other advice which ought to be, 
followed is that while an owner may do 
■what he likes to please himself, he* 
cannot expect it to enthrall a prospec- 
tive buyer. If be wants to do that, he 
most be very careful in the improve- 
ments be makes. 

After all, an outrageous and smnptu-' 
ous swimming pool complex may be fun 
to look at, but difficult to live with. 


Edge of Kmfotd, Baffle 5 miles. 


BAfflY pjyyi 

OeS|MU Dried Sate B PnM S-fiadmm Han 
manly datog from tin Tutor and Queen tee Penods 
2-Bnfmu tagriw ad 3-Sedraa Map 
Good Range at Modem & Tradooral a*y ftwfcgs 

6/12 Herringbone Parinr and bride Housing lor $5 Goa 

Roe Old Sussex Ban and Stable Btocfc 
Benefit of 556541 Lire Mtt (tana (1965/86 <ttxatrii) 

2 Gorapad Blocks at Productive nd Level PattKbnd 
m about 115 and S7 Acres 

Lewes Office, 

201 High Street 
(0273) 475411 
(Ret 6BE2209) 

Norwich 15 miles 

A Queen tana Coodry Hons 
set in ctannfag and secluded gantas and graanta 

3 Reception Roans. 4/5 Bedrooms. 3 Bathrooms: 
Detached cottage. Coach House and stables. Superb 
gardens. Wooded grounds and paddock. 

Abetd 5% Acres 
Regtai £290500 

Norwich Office, 


f. 9BB2096 \ 

NORWICH * MUl Sooth toeing 

debchcd WWV rasuom witn 

sttf contain'd granny annexe. 4 
DTtO. 2 ret. fWrd UI/brkfL 
Mudy. C/H/C- part DC. 08 

acrogareloa pur nr. C 8 & 000 . 
Baftmortn * mwn. sr st. 
Andrews Sweet. Norwich. 

ntebnMMy wanted 6 beds. 3 
bathrooms. virtttun family 
house, scf in 2 am of nahn 
KCJudfd garden with a 160 ft 
(ronuoe la mer Bure. 
£146.000. Td 06053 3386. 
COMHUTtMCT 06500 1971 d « 
Must Bucuen Caret* King's X 
40 mins, s beds sen din twiner 
lor ktahenffrYM cm seetuaed 
gaara. Oautorganw* Enquire 

0400 07349 tday) 810173 {ewe) 
NOtni NORFOLK lay comfort 
able 3 bed chalet bungalow. 
C-’H BuoetiL garage. dose n. 
Dimes, b s&OOQ. TO 027974 

Superb family residence. 
Sitting room, diningroom, 
breakfast room, sun 
lounge. Georgian design 
Idtchen. utility room, 
master bedroom with en 
suite luxury bathroom. 3 
double bedrooms, bath- 
room, gch. large heated 
swimming pool, sauna aM 

changing room. <fi acre of 
gardens. 2 garages. 


Lane Fox & Partners 

W with Rylands 


Chippenham 2 miles. M4 motorway 3 Vi Miles. 
Superb small Estate with an exceptional Historic 
Manor House. 

4 reception rooms. 8 Bedrooms, 4 Bathrooms, 
staff/nursery wing. 

Delightful gardens and outbuildings. Swimming pool. 
3 cottages 

Stabling and Farm Buildings 

Also 50 Acres of Let Woodland with Sporting Rights. 




RENOWNED POR QUALITY and bo* baSy complcud. mr mam **t- 
conic flu* taw so* been nmored at Ibe hew hnmry dewfapman by 
riK-Wb* Hook - mnls far IMS. 



The CASSL Accommodation Service paces 
only young professional men and women in 
full-time emptoyment under 3 year contracts 
for entry into the Institute of Chartered Ac- 
countants in Eriglandajid Wales. 

If you have reasonably priced accommodation 
and want reliable responsible tenants, contact 
The Accommodation Department, The Char- 
tered Accountant Students’ Society of London, 
159 New Bond Street, London, W1.Y 9PA 

TetapfaMC 01-483 B7SS or 01-483 0465 
8 A Bffri Bart A cu— ta tan not auOMl 

TV Letting Agent 

Mourns Bum ibe VUtagEis 
Hus light and bright second 
Boor fin m * weB OMvened 
home: Reception room «ri!h 
Borage and angled ceOinss. 
Double bedroom. Second 
bedroom or dining room 
with doon u> fence. Wed 
eq u ipped kitchen and barb- 

GATE W1.1 

Oe l o ction of excaBent 


1 t t 




UtdKn Imurj taitaoami *oh iniglaunc nliq* Wdl 
nucaiftcrni ndlo*- Hone bmkho* «* NX anddn 

ihm, Vif*Mg k MglUnllBM ■MHTC*C 

PRICES: £804004245000 
Brochure from: 
Soles Office, I Nonhanccr Conn. Grove Sued. 
BaflTwa 6PE 

Tel: Bath (KZ25) *84*7 «r MOM 


3*6 MILES 

Dating taint 1682 baauUftmy 
rtMnd larnutow. * new 
non roam*. 6 bearoamt. Mm 
adjoining 2 Bedroom Oouage. 
Barm. btribUne etc 1 acre. In- 
come pounual tar hoadw 
IcRtng or BAB. £140g000 

(0749) 73002 


Brum and comtartaM* mate. 
2 bate. bam. shower, mm 
ML Lang fat- CSSO gw, 

01 724 3100 



flat owtooUiq jjardao. 
Oefightful stong room. 
(uBy rmed Mdam. tfintog 
room a sit 8 peopte/2nd 
bedroom, tatouan, Me 
bedroom vffih good fitad 
cu^oards. £4Mpw. ' 

towKWwa ’ 
n 9379614 



ut flr bnght* moitern. 

£ SowEStERST : swi- 

tarwd wrw 3rd Ite RaL 

£1 rastot ROW, SWJ. 

innnjcgdn flat- «« SJ'- 

<^KTflELD n Ra SWT 

i* Or V ,coajr 

(UL £220 p.w. 

Wo tat* tanjr 

W W » 

Me in Lwta 

JILLY andekon 9* 
julia ween® 
01-244 7441 
FAX 01-244 7545 

m old BROMPTON w 




' Bdusta dat tnee. 4 bed* 
rooms. 2 taffiawras; 3 
receptions. Bnge. £«10 p.«. 
mQy gMfefL E225 p«L 
For tfs and many otters, tela-. 

BBTOIUL 01-785 6222 

ST. JB W f WOOD *oi nr ran. 
ovalooWng Rag*ta(*s Park. 2 
tad. receo. uu wn. GCH. Co 
Let. C22S ow. 686 0663. 

ST JOHNS WOOD Fid rurnWhed. 
Nr. Mbe. 1 bedroom (It told tar 
1 yiflr. £i 20 pw. Cured let pier. 
& studio OL CK BW. an 01-221 
1309 CO 957 8666. 

STUMO VUT nr StoaM Sauai*. 
FurnUKd. CO lot. C600 nan 
exd. TUt 730 6Z22 1 1 Bin ■ 4«n 
Mod ■ mi I or vjnvins- 
SWS Charnung bed ettaag room, 
colour TV. own Mtb. CM etc.. 
MOD - PH £60 pw. RetO essen- 
tial. Tel: 2234919. 

•17 MSI Tit* number to remem- 
ber when Making best rental 
propcrUea in centra; and prune 

London arc*t£lSO/£2.000PW. 
TWICKENHAM. Superb flat on 
River. 2 dbte bed. OL cne. gdn. 
balcony, boating. £410 pent. 
01-365 0211 X2441. 891 16X0 
VJL COMPANY State taro prop- 
erties tn best London area*. 
CABBAN & GA30.IT. cEuau 
Agenb) 01-889 6481. 
(MB & Douses In central Lon. 
don. Long * Aon lei*. Sefacled 

able studio anal now. 2/8 
rent he. *1BS pw. 491 7646 m. 
art FCmmoiL 2 bed*. 2 

-weep, lovely tar A gge- £300 
pw. W. T. P. 935 9612. 
nUUM CROSS. Luxury newly 
converted 1 bedim M. CH. 
£460 pern. Tel: 01-381 9888 

WB. BeautiftiBr presented cottage 
tanusbed to v high standard. 3 
beds, thru recep. lux kU and 
bath. gdn. Claw lube. Long M. 
£160 pw L.W.LIO 381 0266- 

utvmos menutat n- 

auH«d look in general 
apDouitreeMs Hunterg. 
IJUSk. 64 tad (lata. Loaa/fdMR 
lets. W T. P. 936 9612. 
HJUNtOOta 2 bed flal mar titae. 
TV., reCWL. pfutne. £90 pw. 
627 2610 Horo et ocators. 

Newly tanuened. Pm. co. let 
£146 pw. 01-068 6109 
NW 3 bedroomed noose, recent.. 

TV.. washer. pd ok. £140 pw. 

omen 627 26IOHometocaMra. 
qunKKan wnoH. Doo- 
Me bed Hal with paUo. £130 pw 
tod CH. Teh Ol 488 1B68. 
RCGOns PARR/Portlatal Place. 
Maontf lux ratarb 2 bed n at- AH 
mod con*. £285pw. 93B 9066. 
ST iAMCS SWX. Luxury 2 bed 
fuDy (unusbed ssrvKed apt nr 
park. Ol 573 6306 rn. 

ST JAMES’ lux mod turn Audio 
c m. k A b. un. avail toned. 
£120 pw an tod. 437 7S19. 
SWT Extremely Ige 3 bed matron- 
cue. very attractively rum. Co 
LC*. £290 pw. 684 7664 
SW7 Charming tokwy DaL Gdn 
sq- iouub. owe bed. rec. K -8. 
CH/CHW. £220 pw. 388 8826 
SW Double bedroomed flat- no 
him £72 pw., others aP area*. 
627 2610 HomeiOCMorft. 

WX1. Stylish mews Mk 3 tad* 
gge. Long Co let. £3QOpw. 436 
9684 m. 

tab TOP door 8/C » bed. 1 
Hal to ctianulxig house. £100 
pw tod. 01-727 1116. 

W14 MUONS court. SOMA 
FuHy (umlBhed owe bed apt. 
£120 pw. Tefc 01-381 9811 
Wl. Brand new (T lux 2 dbl bed 
flat. bath. kit. am races. HR. 
£226 pw. 01-947 6444 
Wl Rooftop mod balcony IUL 2 
OUe MOrm*. £22S pw tnO. CH. 
CHW. TV. B34-S7BB. 

W2. HYDC PARK SQ> 2 bed taBy 

cum Ral m lux MOCK. £186 pw. 
T. P. M. Ol 446 2025. 
WESTEHW Reno 1 bedim OaL 
rrcepL. CH. phone. £83 pw. 
Other* 627 26i 0 HeroetoeMOK. 

FULHAM Rfl SW6 Attractive Id 
floor Oat nr Parsons Omen. 
recestjIMg bed., k 4 6. £100 
pw. DBlMvIo (11 786 2063. 

toe. Coe •<£ Private /Co let. 
£250 pw. 468 2736 *fler 6 pm. 
it iw. l d bed. KAB. CH. pvt 
roof ten- £160 pw. 0303 39216 

W4. Baauuful S bedrm Me. Very 
Good dec order. 2 reetp. 3 bam. 

£426 PW DC9- 01225 0944 fT) 


■cfnrtnbcd dnariwl koase 2 
utL p h -ppe kn. 1 beds An 
toib-pu. < "H «r.v- kit 
■ tsvXItnjOIXLHcahv office 
ro»n sniH. 

SH1PLAKE w Hcafey Mac 

del lusplns m V. stir v brine 
ptm. In is* nn. kn. cuvnari. 3 
bnbJtob. pnOUlJOUDCO. Hen- 
lr) office 104411 5731 ) 4 . 

A Tudor collage, medieval 
castle. Regency Rectory or 
Vcionan toayFmd them a* m 

Buyma or setng contact 




Decacnod Hutched cottage m 
approx, half an acre In need of 
Improvement To auction 
Letcher A scoter. 7 Fore Street. 
KtoRtbridge. fo&eai 3747. 

/moors (or sale tarn hot chalet 
tn super site, htd pool B6yr tse. 
use Mar Oct £8600 ono Photo 
A OMaUs oh Esher 62006 

Drains Broughton Estate 

ConstderalM Oevatopmera 
Potential Adjoining Pershore 
t Dr »es Broughton 
comprising of vanous 
parcels ot 




84 acres appro* wffn 
Vacant Possession 

102 icres acorox. subject to 
AgncuHurol Tenancy 



39 High Street. 
Tewkesbury. Gus. 

Tat (0684) 292230 

nrewa 8TVLI COTTA6X f or con- 
vrmon in aarsense setung. 2 
bedrooms, suitable for first Umc 
buyers. 3 mtnutes centre 
Biggieswade-iutm 41: 46 nuns 
Kings Crass. Contact: 01-720 
9128 or 01-720 0391 or <08361 

ilWkl ORATTOH Convened 
coactiouse. Stratford On Avon 
4 [rules. NEC 30 rains. 3.-4 
beds. 2 INPL farmhouse fcii. 
C H. small gun. Shared court 
yard Freed ou £73.600 TeL 

HEAR KOVSTON. Del period vil- 
lage house dating trom 16 m 
Cent- Oil CH. 2,5’recepa. 4/5 
beds. 2 baths. Inc annexe, 
workshop. 2 garages, garden, 
about i acre oners around 
£ 120 , 000 . Bm wells. Cambridge 



Moving yourself or stall to Scot 
Uuutv We can conduct a 
professional search for proper- 
ly 48. Hawkjiead Rd. Paisley. 
041 889 3728. 

Large a ec hm ed character 
country property. 3 years 
old. with detached cottage 
In ground*. 4 bedrooms. 

4 reception*, large country 
kitchen- 2 acres. Private 
drive. S mins Junction 12. 
45 mm* Paddtngton. 


TEL: 0734 744482 



Oct country house. 2.000 sq IT- 
CH. 4/9 beds, dressing roam 
plus b athr oom en sum. 2 fur- 
ther bathrooms plus cloak/- 
shower room, r eception ha!L 3 
further reorpdons. 2 kitchens, 
utlbty room. etc. tncorporaUng 
granny / Quest suite. Set to 1 
acre landscaped gardens with 
heated pooL Double garage 
Peaceful rural setting yet only 3 
miles M4. i unction 12. Price 
guide £226400. Reading 
<07341 302707. 

4 ante beds. 3 recto- bunny 
bathroom A shower. utUlty rm. 
Oak Dded kitchen Cowshed, 
pew double garogr. further 
range outbufldings. h acre gar- 
den. £140X100 ono. For details 
tel MtchMton (0386 77) 243 



A handsome 17th Century period bouse with scope for further 
modenusanon. occupying a peaceful location south of the town 
centre, dose to ibe Sotem shore. Three reception rooms, five 
bedroom*, two bathrooms, kitchen and full domestic office*, 
useful range of outbuildings and garages, beautifully secluded 
and manned partially walled hair acre garden. 

Price Guide: £120/1125,000 Freehold 
muttmed particulars available 

Jackson & Jackson. The Houle on the Quay. Lyminpon, 

Telephone: (0590) 75025 


UNUHUU. TUDOR style 3 tad del 
chtast hue nr Sandbanks. Poole, 
ideal residential,' holiday p rop- 
my. Offers on £70.000 
freehold. Ring tar hdi dewth 
0202 7*3622 at any (Hue. 


EYMSFORD Orels II Hated tec 
Character cottage grime posfflon 
2 bed. beui. kn. Inge, good rare 
rau amts aeaxoo to 0322 


HARLEY ST. Top Fir FW- CO let 
2 bcdnu*. recep. DBed kitchen, 
batarrm. asp WC. 

NIL £860 pw. Tel: 01-936 2181 

funUM flats ta 

MACQA VALE. Lux moM spec 2 
bed apt WeO eg uto ged through- 
out £200 pw. Nathan WUscM & 
Co. 794 1161. 

CENTRAL IXTB. Flats/ Me*, holi- 
days. Go’s. From £166 pw to 
£2000 pw. Ol 491 7546. rrj. 

bed <Ul Newly d ecorul efl. 
£160 pw. Parrots 720 9226/7. 


bed KU Ms gas CH fid fcUWC + 
toBi/WC 24* Inge. £31.760. 
TO 0604 268836 eves 

AJ UJtPUH IR W Wales seaside 
Dtp 4 bed 2 roc I Ui 1 flag 2 
baths chgdn gge mldvlge nrbeh 
SOOOOonO Ph 03*887 2945 wk 


currently seeking good quality 
rental accommodation In 
central London for watting 
company tenants 01-957 9681 

CONTACT US If you wsou the 
very nest selection of superior 
Rats and houses to London. 
Quraishi Constantine. TeL Ol 
244 7363 Tele* 918984. 

rte tar superior properties In Si 
Johns Wood. Hampel rad and 
Brtaravra can Bargets 01 724 

Shari and long lets in 
North /North West London 
rrotn £95-£6Q0pw. 

GomanbuOd 540 8273. 

lyr +. 4/6 bed house 

Hampstead /St Johns Wood. 
£G0O'£6O0pw. Usual fees re- 
quired. Bargets 724 3160. 

2 bed apart with i reception, ff 
Wm. 1 bath, superb views 
over The Heath. £196 pw. Co 
M only . Ol 431 1641 m. 

STOP Worrying! Let our S 
branches. 29 Mali help you. 
1600 vacancies on computar. 
627 3610 Hometocators Renal 
Accom Publisher-) open 7 days. 

A— 1UCAII Bank urgently re 
quuea luxury flats and houses 
from £300 - £1 OOO pw. Ring 
Buroess Estate Agents 681 6136 

2861. Evening* 676 8021. 

Kto Wm Cheben. Snodous 
toroen level Sal. dbl and stf 
bedrm. reegL study. kAtJ. ch. 
£180 D.w. Phone 01-373 2109 
or 01-362 8248. 

mnUNCTfl tuny furnished 
flat 2 bedroom*, large UVIM 
room. (Wed kitchen A bam- 
room, washing martilne. dab 
wain, colour tv. £lfiO pw. Tel 
01-630 7031 fr 01-607 6196. 

ANCIENT RYE 3 miles Mainline 
Ronertsonoge (London i v - 
ELY HOUSE With superb views, 
set In about ion ACRES. 6 
beds. 2 bams. 3 rare 
study 'utility room, fined kitch- 
en. garden room /kitchen 2. 
tort. S.C Annexe. Full CM. 

Double garage- OFFERS IN 
Rye Irtc (07971 223166. 

ANCIENT BYE Central Comer 
tallon Area with fine south 
views. Georgian Period oliertnq 
3 Beds. 2 baths, wrung A dining 
rooms, filled kitchen, cloak, cel- 
lar. Pretty patio garden. Full 
double atm. Price guide 
£68.' £70.000. Auction 9tn 

April Apply CEER1NC * 

COLYER. Rye tele 1 07971 

ANOENTRYE, Fine Grade n List- 
ed House An Meal family home 
with 4 Beds. 2 betas tone en 
sualei. flrsl floor lounge. Htling 
room, cloak, fined kllchen. cel 
ire. audio < garden room. Small 
walled patio garden. CH Prcse 
guide cao-ct 00.000 Auction 
9th April. Apply GERRING 6 
COLYER. ftey Irte l0797> 

IVORTMNC 3 bed del bouse din- 
ing room leungr utility room 
garage gas cenfraibeaDng D.G. 
£62800. 0905203181 


iage house on rdge ol Longieat 
ovenoaklng farmland Sluing 
room klih beams, inqlenook 
and wood burning stoic. Kuert- 
en. comenulory. 2 double 
bedrooms. nursery , 'dressing 
roam, bathroom. Anracuie 
garden. Village wllh swimming 
pool, bus serviee Offers around 
£46.000 Tel: 09885 692. 

RET* dose M4 ki 16. super del 
family Use. 4 bed. 2 bam. Inge, 
dining. luxury idt/bfasL 
£95.000 ono. TO 0793 38572 


acres +■ efiOO mil. Mod 1832 4 
bed hse. Sheep cattle ponies 
troul Subsidies /Management 
CC220.0CO. 0372 377011. 


BERWICK wiin outline plan- 
ning lor 5 superior houses Full 
detalh from Ratudr Enterprises. 
I Wtndygates RU. North Ber- 
wick. East Lothian. 0620 2936 


4 6 bed house, garage, up lo 
£220000. Curly completion 
possible No agent* Pmale pur- 
chase. 01-992 4020 


WRtOSOR. L inrun famll-.- house 
4 bed. 2 baUi. 3 r«Mt. large 
garden, double garage, fully 
furrushrd. yuenen. laundry. 
£867 pm (£209 pw) 062882 

tUtuewick Green] 5188 

couniry iwuw at great nwnne 
Interest set in 2 acres near prel- 
ty village of Souinneet. Kent. 6 
bedroom. 6 reception rooms, 
kllchen. utility room, garage, 
large coach house, siaMes etc . 
fully furnished. £960 per calen- 
dar month. Davye-Kenry 
Property Service*. 0474- 

ttOOAU MlW C- Superior 4 beds. 2 
baths. Waterloo 42 mint 
£850DCm. GiUKtford PmM 
country house. 6 beds. 4 rcctP*. 
paddock, stapling. LlJCOpcm. 
Pflgrtans Lid 04868 4038 


HEREFORD. Clow Welsn Border. 
Detached Regency Country 
House in 3 acres with superb 
views. Stone built Slide roof 6 
bed*. 2 baths. sMrndid living 
rm. dining rm. study, ul dole 
garage. Freehold. £l 15000. 
PMMM1M1. TO 0747 2400. 

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JUT CHI SO M . On March 7th. tc 
Sue 1 nee Edits 1 and Charles, a 
son Rory Edward, a brother 
lor Tessa. 

BLEAKLEY To Oes and Carol 
a daughter. Stephanie June, 
on March ilth ai Box HiU 
KospitaL Melbourne. 


COOKE On 1st February. In 
Dubai L'-A-E-. to Adrienne 
(nee Brown j and Chris, a 
daughter Caroline Clare, a 
sister (or Victoria. 

GLENNIE On tom March at 
Queen Charto tie's Hospital, 
to Chloe uice Him and Nigel, 
a daughter Edwtna Chariotle 

HALL on March 9th at the 
West London Hospital to Bar- 
bara tn£e Fleming* and 
Jonathan a daughter 'Gem 
ma Pamela Fleming' a stsier 
for Antonia. 

HALL To Rosamund inee 
Learner 1 and John, at the 
Royal Berkshire Hospital, on 
March 5Ui, a daughter Fiona 
Elizabeth, a sister for 

JACOBS To Amanda into 
Turnbull) and Ian. a da ugh 
ter Samara, a sister for Lucy, 
born February 2411). 
JORDAN On March 3rd at SI 
Thomas's Hospital. London. 
10 Ros into Horten and 
Michael, a daughter 1 Camilla 


March 1986. to Annabel! e 
into SrhKhtl and Nicholas, a 

MATTHEWS on March 8th to 
Fatih and Richard Yes. a sis- 
ter. Caroline (or Thomas. 
Charles and William. 

NICHOLSON Charles Peter, 
born 9 March. SI. Mary's 
Portsmouth, son 10 Simon 
and Jeannette into Reddish!, 
and brother lo Samantha. 

PARISH On 10th March 1986. 
at the A wall Hospital. Bah- 
rain, lo Joyce and Stephen a 
son James William Stuart, a 
brother for Nicholas. 
POTTER On March 8 to 
Sandra, (nee Bailey' and 
Tim. a son Simon William. 
SMITH on 25th February 10 
Janet into Lloyd) and Rich- 
ard a daughter. Madeleine, a 
sister for Katherine. 
STOACHAN On March 10th to 
Sarah into Barradough) and 
Anthony, a son iDavtd 
Lycnet). a brother for 

TAYLOR On March 9th 1986. 
at Queen Charlotte's Hospi- 
tal. to Lulu into Baldwin) and 
Russell Paul, a sod Daniel 
Miles Scott. 

TOLLAN On 10th March, at 
York District Hospllal. lo 
Denise Uiee Cogged) and Mi- 
chael James, a daughter 
Rebecca Anne. 

WADEY On February 13th. al 
Eastbourne District Korol UL 
to Cecilia mee Endnas) and 
Douglas, a daughter. Victoria 

WILSON - On March 5th to 
Susie into Eliot) and Jim. a 
son Oliver Geoffrey. 

WYLD On 9lh March to Susie 
Into Sharp) and Richard, a 
daughter. Katherine, a sister 
for James. 


AUBREY on 7th March ”86 at 
TreUske HosplUL Marjorie 
Amy (Hoffmetsteri- aged 9« 
years of FalmouUi and 
Cowes. Funeral Service at 
Penmounl crematorium on 1 
Friday March I4thal 4pm. A , 
Memorial Service will take : 
place at Cowes later. Enaw- 
rtes to S. R. Andrew. Funeral 
Director. Mylor Bridge. Tel: 
Falraouih 73627. 

llin peacefully In hU sleep ai 
home. Major Edgar Pick oh 
Barter, beloved husband 01 
Nancy, fattier of Fred and Jane 
and much loved grandfather. 
Funeral Service 1 1 30 am on 
Monday. ITtti March U 
Wanoa rough Church. Inter, 
mem private Flowers lo 
HilUen Ltd. SB Victoria Road. 

81h March at Kingston Hospi- 
laL Julian, after a car 
accident aged l& Much 
loved by ids father, step- 
mother Pat and haUbroOwr 
Douglas. He wiD be greatly 

March 8th Julian, after a 
tragic car accident, ai the age 
of 18 years. Beloved and lov- 
ing son of Renata and David 
Loved and missed by sister 
Justine, grandparents Ruth 
and Leo. and all his family 
especially Atm. Arthur. Cliff. 
Julta. SI even. Pal and Doug- 
las. His warmth and vitality 
will be much missed by his 
many many friends. Funeral 
Mi Thursday 13th March at 
2.30 pm at Putney Vale Cre- 
matorium- Followed by a 
Service at Wimbledon Syna- 
gogue. 44 Worplc Road. 
Wimbledon al 4.00 pm. 
Flowers Mease to Putney 
vale Crematorium. Dona- 
tions ir desired to The 
Intensive Care Lrrh Trust 
Fund. Kingston Hospital or la 
The National Head In lures 
Association. 200 Mansfield 
Road. Nottingham. 

BELL-JOKES On 8Ut March 
1986. peacefully at 8 Henley 
Road. Ipswich. Suffolk. 
Jocelyn Jessica Macdonald, 
wife of the late Mr Eric Beu- 
Joncs F.R.C.S.. M.Ch.O. 
(rid;. Funeral Service ai Ips- 
wich Crematorium west 
ChapeL at J.SOpra on Friday 
I4tn March Flowers maybe 
sent to Singleton and Has- 
tings Funeral Services. 
Berners Sireei. Ipswich 

CHANEY On March 5th aged 
85. Hciuy Stanley at 

home of a heart attack, al- 
though having suffered (or 
several years with diabetes. 
Much loved husband of 
Lilian and father of Michael 
and David. Cremation on 
18th March at EHham Cre- 
matorium, Family flowers 
only. Donations in lieu 10 the 
Diabetic Association. JO 
Queen Anne's St. Wl. 

CURBEY. On March 8th 1986. 
at St Mary's Nursing Horae. 
Emission. Derbyshire. Char- 
wne Mafaje. of URle Eaton. 
5 b ™Y- «* 9ed 86 years. FUner- 
» M St Paul's Church. Little 
eaton. on Saturday. March 
>«hal l LOO am. ffatuJescal 
m pace. 

CHCK On 8th March 1986 
Allot Sydney aged 69 years 
of The Thatched Cottage. 
Hill woottoiL Warwick. 
Much loved husband of Bel- 
ly. father of MichaeL Peter A 
Nigel. A lovtnfl grandfather. 
All funeral enouirtet to H J 
Dawson Funeral Dtreclors 
Ltd. <2 George street Learn 
Ingion Spa 0926-27464. 
Family flowers only . Dona- 
lions The British Hurl 

EDWARDS On March 8th 
1986. Roland Maderman. 
beloved husband of Julia and 
devoted father of Anthony. 
Yvonne. Simon. Jonathan 
1 and Julian. Funeral Service 
will take place at Hotly Trin- 
ity Church. North wood, on 
Thursday 13th March at 
2.30pm. followed by private 
InlennenL Family flowers 
only, but donations If desired 
to the Intensive Cafe linlL 
University College Hospital. 
Gower Street. London WC1 

EVANS On March 9th 1986. 
suddenly at home. Group 
Captain VR1.. (RED) Evans 
R.A.F.. (ridj, aged 63. 
Dearest husband of Marga- 
ret father of Robert and 

much loved lather -In-taw 
and grandfather Funeral 
Service on Monday 17th 
March at SI Mary and SI 
Nicholas Church. 

Lealherhead. 12 noon. Fam- 
ily flowers only lo L. 
Hawkins A So ns Lid. 
Lealherhead 1 03721 372436. 

IT desired donations io 
R.AF.. Benevolent Fund. 

FJURLIE - Ou 9th March. 
1986. at Helen Ley House. 
Eve. widow of Harry, moth- 
er of Mary and stepmother of 
Robin and Susie. Funeral ser- 
vice and cremation al the 
MW-Warwickshire Cremato- 
rium. Oakley Wood, on 
Friday 14th March al 
1 00pm. No nowers please, 
but donations if desired may 
be sent to Helen Ley House. 
Berlcvie Road. Leamington 
Spa CV32 6QP. 

FAMES William Reginald. 
O.B.E.. husband of Diana 
Mary, father of Cara and 
Nicholas, peacefully at home. 
Sunday March 9th 1936. 

FOSS Joan, suddenly on 10th 
March at 45 Clarence HllL 
Dartmouth. Cremation at 
Torbay. 11.30 am Wednes- 
day. 19th March. Cut 
flowers only. 

Gertrude into Peyton 1 On 
March 9(h 1986. peacefully 
at Wolfe ion Manor. 
Charmlnsler (Dorchester), in 
her 97th year. Laie of 
Church Knowie in Pur beck , 
and much loved mother of 
John and Diana. Funeral at 
3.00pm on Monday March 
17th at Si Peter's Church. 
Church Knowie. If desired 
flowers or donations to St 
Peier's Church, maybe sent 
c o Crassby Funeral Ser- 
vice. 16 Princes Si. 
Dorchester. lei (0305) 

GRACE - Gwen, aged 88 years, 
widow of Rear Admiral 
Campbell Grace, fond moth- 
er of Pamela TebbU. David 
Grace. Helen Ingham. 
Jeremy Grace and Virginia 
Herdon. and proud Naln of 
thirteen grandchildren: on 
6th March after a long Ill- 
ness. most devotedly nursed 
by her friend Doreen Topley. 
Service at St. Mary's. 
Alversioke. Monday 17th 
March, at 2.30 pm. followed 
by a private cremation. No 
flowers please, donations to 
Cosport and Fareham In 
Shore Rescue Service, c o 
Mr Brading. 11 Peel Road. 

GUY On March 9Ui. peacefully 
Aubrey James of Cowfokl. 
much loved husband cf Vera 
mec Marten) and father of 
Christopher. Valerie and 

HATH DAY l nee HMswcm On 
March 8Ui 1996. peacefully al 
home. Dorothy Lucy, aoed 06 
Su-adLast wife and supporter of 
the tale Edward Hamd.iv 
C.9E-. Artist. Beloved mother 
of Charione and Stephen. Fu-. 
nerai Serviceai Si John's Wood: 
Church on Wednesday March 
!9in at n 00am- loilowed by 
private errmaoon. No (lower*; 
please bul contributions It* A. C.i 

g 1 . appreciated. , 

MEMEON On March 9th. 
Mamie Heroeon M B E., wid- 
ow of the Hon Mr. JusOcej 
C.H. Hemeon. LCLS.. aged) 
89. The funeral service will 
take place al Tunbridge 
Wens Crematorium on Wed' 
19th March at 2.00pm. No, 

HILL Suddenly on March 8th, 
1986. Jean of Dingle Book., 
Risslngton Road. Bonrion-on- 1 
the-Water. The very much 
loved wife of Richard, dearly 
loved mother of Nicholas.. 
Vicky and Lucy. Funeral ser- 
vice al St Lawrence Church.; 
Bounon-on-the-Water on 
Thursday March 13th at 
2.30pm. Flowers may be 
sent lo Selim Smith & Co. 
Cheltenham or lo the church. . 
HELLS On March 9th 1986.1 
after much suffering very! 
bravely born. Graham. 
Charles Sevier (Chick), aged 1 
79 years of Folkestone. KenL 
Loving husband of Kay. very, 
dear father of Sheila. Rose- 
mary and Jenny and a much 
loved grandfather and great- 
grandfather. There win be a 
Service of Thanksgiving (af- 
ter Private Cremation) at 
Folkestone Parish Church, 
on Monday Match I7lh at 
3.00pm. Family Sowers 
only, donations if desired to 
The Church Fabric Fund c/o 
Mrs S BtermaiL 7 Carts Ave- 
nue. Folkestone, wilt be 

JAMES John Emiyn. peaceful- 
ly on March 7th. dearly 
loved husband of Lots and fa- 
ther of Mary and DavM. 
Former Rector of Bladen and 
Woodstock. Funeral al 
Nev-ern Church. Pembroke- 
shire on Friday March 14th 

at 2.00 pm. 

KENNAN On 8th March, 
peacefully In Southend Hos- 
piiaL John truing (Jack), 
loving and beloved husband 
of Mariorie and father of 
Jane. Service al SI Andrews 
Church. Rochford. Essex, on 
Monday 17th March at 

I. 15pm. followed by private 
cremation. Enquiries and 
family flowers only please to 
woodtsams. Freeman and 
Whur. 365 London Road. 
We slcllfl on Sea (Southend 
342577). Donations tf de- 
sired to Cancer Research. 

LAIRD On 9th March. Thelma 
much loved wife of Camp- 
belL loving mother lo Jenny. 
Tess and Micky and grand- 
mother to six. Private 
cremation, no [Towers but If 
so desired donations In her 
memory maybe sent lo , 
Friends of The Radio Thera- 
py and Oncology Centre. 
HorfleM Road. Bristol 2 
LANCE On March Tth. Nor- 
man Dupre Lance Lieutenant 
Colonel R.A M.C. retired, of 
Selbomo Hants, aged 73. Re- 
Quiom Mass on Friday. 
March J4Ui. at SL Mary's 
Catholic Church. Alton at 

II. OOara. A Thanksgiving 
for a run life, followed by pri- 
vate cremation. 

LOREHZEN Albert Ernest of 
Wellington Parade. Waltner 
Deal. Kent Late of Lie Sudan 
Medical Service, peacefully 
on March tth aged 87 years. 
MARCEL On March 9th. 
passed away in her sleet) 
after a long illness. Mane 
Louise beloved wife Of Felly 
and mother of Brian and 
Michael. Funeral Service at 
Morilake Crematorium Mon- 
day March 24th at 3.00pm. 
Donations in Iter memory lo 
the imperial Cancer 
Research Fund- 
MONROE. Elizabeth (toe 

NEAME Elizabeth (EUzabeth 
Monroe C.MG.J Widow of 
Humphrey Pfeame FR.GS.. 
on March 10th peacefully in 
her sleep al Button Vcny 
Nursing Home, after a long 
pines. Crnnahdn private: 
funeral service at west 
Hendred ChuIXh. "far 
wantage. 00 Saturday 
March 2? at 1200 noon. 
Bunches to flowers or dona- 
tions io Friends of Birzett 
University. 20 Compton Ter- 
race. London N1 2US. 

NEWTON On March 7th peace- 
fully. John Morflaunt 
Newton C.B.. beloved hus- 
band of Pamela and much 
loved father and grandfa- 
ther. NO (lowers Donations 
lo Shelter. 167 Waterloo 
Road. SEi. Funeral at 
Chtawtck Parish Church on 
Thursday 20th March al 
t2 3Cnm. 

OTTER On March 9th 1986. 
peacefully al the Old Recto- 
ry. Briton. Nr Grantham, the 
Rt. Reverend Anthony Otter, 
formerly Bishop of 
Grantnam. in his 90th year. 
Funeral Service si Belton 
Church, on March i4ih 19S6 
at 2.45pm. 

fWLUPS - On Sabir day. 8th 
March 1986 peacefully, 
three weeks before her 90lh 
birthday. Kathleen Sylvia, ri- 
des! daughter of the laie 
Canon P R and Mrs Phillips 
of HUdenftam. Sendee at 
Hilderelum Parish Church 
on Wednesday. I9ih March 
at E OO pm folia wed by cre- 
mation at Cambridge at 3.00 
pm. Enauhies may be made 
to H J Pain Ur u e. Funeral 
Directors. 43 High SL 
Union. Cambridge. Tel: 
Cambridge (0223) 691226. 

POTTS Robert Lewis, son of 
the late Mr & Mrs Horace 
Potts, ever loving brother of 
John and Mary deceased. Fu- 
neral 11.15am. Thursday 
13th March, at Si Nicholas 
Church. Great Yarmouth. 
Cremation private. 

REESE. On March «ft 1986 at 
home in Longrldge. Lanca- 
shire. Dennis John. Dearly 
loved husband of Joy and 
dearly loved rather of Stuar. 
and Alison. After a very long 
illness, so pad en tty born. 

ROSS On March 9th. Annie 
1 Rome (Pan). Jale of 
Berkhamsted and Tunbridge 
WeUs. peace, 'ulty after a 
short illness, much loved 
Aunt and Great Aunt of the 
Ross and Knon families. 
Funeral Service at 12-tS at 
Croydon Crematorium. 
Thursday 13th March. No 
Flowers please any dona- 
tions If desired to the 
Secretary Berkhamsted 
School tor Girls. Centenary 
Appeal. Hertfordshire HF4 

5HORTRTOGE On March 10th 
1986. peacefully in a nurstog 
home. Alice aged 95 years. 

TALBOT On the 9th March 
1986 In Fleer valentine 
Douglas Lynch Talbot. Mafor 
retired Royal Hampshire 
Regiment, husband of the 
late Evelyn- Cremation pri- 
vate. Thanksgiving Service 
2.30pm. ISUi April at St 
Marys. Long Wntenham. 

WHITEHEAD on March 7th at 
his home after a short Illness. 
William Kenneth, husband of 
the late Myra, much loved fa- 
ther of the late Richard and 
to Claire and brother of Mar- 
garet Funeral service today 
March 12th at 3.30pm at St 
Thomas Church. 

Win cheteea. Sussex. Memori- 
al service Bradford 
Catherdral on Friday March 
1 4th at 12.3Q. Flowers dose 
family only please. Dona- 
tions if desired to The. 
Bradford Tradesmans 

Homes. Lfly Cron Heaton 
Rd. Bradford w St Mich eats 
Hospice. 25 Upper Maze Hill 
SL St Lcanards-on-Sea. East 

YOUNG on March 9th sudden- 
ly following a heart attack 
Hilary (nto Kirk) of WeUord 
Rectory. Northampton. Dear- 
ly loved wife of Martin. 
Funeral al St Mary's. 
W chord on Friday March 
14 th al 1 1-30 am. Family 
flowers only. Donations If de- 
sired to Save The Children 


ALLER Annie Clara. In ever 
loving memory of mother on 
Mard^iZih 1928 . 


PLEASE HELP The National Be- 
nevtoeM Fund for me Awd 10 
provide 'lem' machines tor uie 
relief to pain In condiuore- Hke 
arm rids. £60 buys a nwcnlne. 
Donations please to the V«s- 
couru Tony Randy. Chairman 
NBFA. 35. Newport SI. London. 
EC2 M1NH. 

MAR3ELLA iCaUiwnda) South 
1 mi Spam, b there a Lady 
wanting M purchase a 1 share 
m my beauWul 3 bedroom 
apartment- Lovely sea St moun- 
tain views. Large communal 
gardens and swimming Pool. 
Reply IO BOX D34. 

the on imnmmrr mcs 

Guild Meeting Wednesday 

March 2001 6 . 00 pm man 

UtegKame Carborundum. 



Wlcanders corkopUtst 
Tiles, design natural only 
£8.95 per sc yd + VAT. 
Wod mix Berber carpel 
4m wide Hessian backed 
£4 35 per so yd + VAT. 
White stocks tax. 

162 Upper Richmond Rd 
London SW14 

Tel: 01-S76 2089 

Free atUnalr ■ Expert fitting. 

★200 PIANOS* 




MARKSON pianos, 

Albany street. NWI. 

Tet 01-935 8682. 

Artillery PWc*. SC LB. 

Tel 01 -854 4517. 

TEX** PRO TQUHMC needs, 
large room. Kensington. Chri- 
jn. rtc. David 61 -fifed 36J7 
N HAMC- 3rd pm share tut t r. 
CH. cent- city. £173 pcm 
ml. 431 ZU64 af 630 pm. 




Renamed urgently evperi- 
epeed chjudteur for Engibn 
making l atony baaed In me 
South to France. CxccUtm 
salary offered. For further 
mronnaUun write including 
CV. and references to BOX 

household U> Oramd London. 
Good -alary and conditions for 
right perron Pirate apfW wttn 


RICHER, Percy. In The Time* 
TV ANZtC. Crcrilngs. Leo A 


y Ho\v,vour^ 

-v ,icOtltQvf j 7, 


Sod m The EquitaUe Life. 
FMipo5C4CbleiMaSL 1 Lon(JM 
£OB ynyqsbcne 01-^06 661 L 
rd vrdcocK dads of' the 
Eqmobie School fee Hub Haas 
aid ton* sanqpi an die cos of 




Loadon's wading spectuw tn 
new ami restored puikk. tor 
the largest genuine selection 
available. 30a HMhgale Rd. 
NWS 01-267 7671- Free 


BLUTHNEH 6ft 31ns boodolr 
Grand. Rouewood case no 
G6226. Comwete re-condltton 
1970. For sale by auction 10th 
March w North staffs. Tet 
0782 26ISU. 

aouoon GRAND Plano. Berlin 
court manufacturer. Prtoey 
sionaHy restored 10 supMb 
condition and appearance PrV- 
vale sale £4000. Bagshot 
to S7&> 7AB43. 


London's leading spectator in 
new and restored pUnos for Ibe 
largest genuine utfcttoD avaB- 
abte. S« MgbgaM Rd. NWI 
01-267 7671. Free catalogue. 

PIANO FOR SALE. Half grand, 
warm* D'Almalne IW W H 
Barnes. I9W»- £460. Tel: 
042073 6866 

broadwood. walnut. Offers 
over £2000. Tet 0742 Z382S. 

KIPPCH HARO for sale. New. 
black larguer. £2000 one*. 0273 


fO H W CO A C1 HWO Easier HoH- 
davs. Beginners and 

intermediate courses for chil- 
dren iron* 4-17. Prcfemenai 
tuioan. competitions, matches. 
- Prizes. Tel Ol 286 1988 (or de- 
lays and apMIcnUOA. 


HXCftAVlA short leL Large sun- 
ny bed sitting room, private 
bathroom en sidle . use to kitch- 
en. £86 p.w. exet. Tel 01-730 


gu SC T«U SPORTS, curec- 
I ora care, crude* of 2 aim '82 
and Dec till. Eifl-SOO and 
£-.6.950. Both fine examples. 
FSH. Tel Ot 609 2149. 


MOIMR/lMfWuCH <901/06. 
Qmce to 45 .whole range. 
£4, 995- £19.000. EH 19 years. 
PX Tel 01-664 9033 Esaex (TL 


01-965 7714 - 


The EquSaMe Life j 

I _ Vwgaiitamitnt'KdffcRSL - -I 

CALIBRE CV-5 professionally 
written and produced 
curriculum vllae documents. 
Details: 01-680 2959 
informal but mieusive courses 
foe singers and ccnduriorv 
-FoumUiiofl Course' April 4-*. 
HMSA. Little Benstew Hlto. 
Hllchin SG4 9KB .0462)6904* 
HEART b HEART. Todays way 
to meeting. ConfldenUI I |nR»- 
ductlons Biroughout UV for 
Companionship. Friendship. 
Marctaor Heart lo Heart. 32 
London Rd. Twickenham. 
Middx 01-892 2061. 
(ldenlito documetna delivered In 
nw L'K and Europe Ert. 10 
years Tet (HU 20306- 
muotutes « AOVKe Bureau 
Katharine Allen lex Foreton Of- 
fice' personal Interviews 7 

Sad icy Pi. Wl. 01-499 2566 

FflieMOS«F. Love or MtoTUge 

Ail ages, areas Dauaute. pepi 
IQI61 25 AMngdon RflM. tan- 
dan W8- Tel: 01-938 ion. 

US VISA Manere.ES Cudron. 
U3 lawyer 17 BuMrade SI . 
London WJ Ol 486 OB13. 


Dale, Bookcase elc 6 Pn- 1940 
(urn 1 1 ure. Tel: Ol 683 0148 or 
01 220 2756. 

ROYAL DOVLTOH China - ctofee 
set in Minion Bordeaux pattern. 
Ph 01-839 2401 day. 04*4 
455679 evening IWUIISI 
Toby Jugs wanted. Honest 
grim. Ol 699 7198 
WHOLE GAR ACC wanted. Hays 
Mews Wl. TeL 01 636 SOW 
ra. 3136. 


CITY PROP, aged 26. seeks studio 
or 1 bed rial or share tti 
SW3.-6.-6 areas lor 3-4 months 
-da rang mid March. Up to ETC 
pw. Please can 221 3553. 
lobe. 2 more girts lo share Ige 
lux flat. O. R-s. £46 6 £60 PW. 
Tel: 0969 32171. 

EALING. Prof M/F ro Share hse. 
Ail mod cons, nr tube. £200 
pan ind Tel; 481-1234 lew 
231 < 9-S. 997-S846 after 6pm. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Well nlaa inrroduclory service. 
Pise let for appe 01-609 6491. 
313 Brotnplon Road. SW3 
HACKNEY 5 mins City. O. R + 
shower for N. S in largr com- 
lorUMe house Monfrl 
preferred. £42pw. 01 254 9711 
MW 9 Prof Per* 2E yrs lo snare 
CH hse. own Ige rm £488 per 
qtr + share to bills. Refs retro 
John 96 ton 221 0601. 
PUTNEY. 2nd person. O/R. to 
share Ige lux apt. All amens tttcl 
gdns. porteraoe etc. £55 pw ind 
ser ch. Tel Ol : 70S B93I. 
PUTNEY. Male 25 * o/r. las mxd 
Itse £210 pcm. md. for 
Mon/FIT negi 01-7B9 9470 
i ev en. 

PUTNEY rostrtoiis l.c room. ch. 
shower, enchcnrtlr. share halh. 
£45pw UK. Q1-7BS 9S99 alter 


QUCEM5 PK MWB. Prof n s 27 * 
he rm. GCH. aO mod eons. 3-4 
mlh £200 tm * lei Day COS 
1 161 x 2636. eie 960 6609. 
O/r ♦ shower «i stole In lux CH 
opt £50 t> w exeL Tel after A 
pjp. 01-740 9197. 

SKte. Girl 25 +. lo share ige. eom- 
ionabie hte. from 1st April. 
O n. Aopnax £200 pcm tncl 
73 1-Jgg S After 7 cm. 

W ANTES Poem m ftal ' house by 
15 3 for female and boy 14. 
borne m hots Phone 01-406 
1066 c*i 2306 M/ore SJSOpra 
BAKER ST. prof F N. S for du 
room In tax (la £90 pw ex CL 
Tot 29* 3797. 

N.S snare lux hse O R- £80 
p w. nil. 730 3646 end 23 
FULHAM Prof F. 2S+. lo share 
flat. O/R. ch. gun £40 pw. 
731-6697 after 4 3Com. 
HAMPSTEAD. Chi lo share wtth 
another girl. O R Nr lube. 
£173 non tncl. 506-2366. 
B23WE HILL *04 Prto F share 
large home O R £«5pw lac. 
Ter. 01 274 2792 
KOTmS HULL garden maison- 
ette. M. F. 2 S*. o n £53 bw 
#tr Tel Phone eves 727 3324 
lux flat, nr lube, wash mac 
£ 190 OCRi UkL Ol 629 S9Z7 «v- 
GW17. Tidy prof, own bed. bam 
in family house. N. Spref £200 
pan- TeL'672 8260 
SW 17 TOOTIKC. prof F to share 
attract) vr garden flat. £130 tun 
net. Tef- (0275i 400769. 

★ ★SAVE ££TS** 



* 5/DCY * 

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AieacA a* 

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(037171 27538/25530/27109/ 
253 1 5/24352/260*7 
Tefex 24667 


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The lowest cosi fliglus 

Eorocfuefc Travel 
01-542 4613 
01-543 4227 

Esiab 1970 

«mdan £400 DbM 

FteMwfl BCrtto g21 

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Damascus £255 Tqlwo ^570 

2 oS°snet r i«i wi 



Nairobi. JoUur*. Cairo. Du- 
h*L Istanbul. Singapore. Ki. 
Deini. Bangkok. Hoog Kong. 
Sraoey- Eurooe. * th« 
Anwm Fiasiungo Travel. 
3 New QueDK SI- Martte 
Arch London WlH TDD 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday >0-00-16.00 


Save with Swissairls 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London io Basle 
< except Sundays). 

Book and pay 14 days , 
before departure. 

Slay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct lo 

Bookings and full con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-4394144. 


ANDORRA Luxury flat 'to IW- 
Stefpc 4.6- poot/saima. Foot 
Aruwal iki ao. ororwus njw- 
Wn v«w»^w»lfc». C19&CSVB 
weekb- acrortlna la «ga*an. 
Tel: OaOl 641184. 



MALLORBA For rouolntod* 

houstoL Maude v«» or a toan- 
houte hoaeiry ail w«h p ad ta 
and away from Eh* crowcs. call 
Patricia wndblood LM a&f9 
a 17023 or 01-660 6722. ABTA 
ATOL 1276. 



vtuas. court. TamhousM. 
villages rtc Vanned nnulon. 
HHIHK or voua AcreuHlirl 

Mum or phahc e piww r 

owned mxipyrtBtortaii taite to 
renL Grated A cap Feral Cob- 
tacc Sole ASWey Farrtn.vma 
Rdyate.TeL- 0783 654685. 

me Hobi Ol- 309-7070. CMB C - 
ATOL 1772. 



Kip boss nd Rtf MB a a gra 
«bp« «e» SUSta Fata tad 
flton 7 

iMme jptust 
Hertwofliiotafl . 

. TWKjttoetmattooklffiW. 

us if «k can dart Bit pn 
■r ue KUSH* «**o«XinMe a 
haste Hrtw m of ALL 


seeking lab worth lota lcon uhH- 
mcfiL Reai> la BOX 027 . 


6 spa 20.OCQ autos. Ejud cood 
Alloy wheels. Sun roof, elect 
windows SOv er mrt 
Epoitors ■ extras. £5.995 ono. 
Tel: Ol 994 t>4T7 X 177 uUyt 
01 362 2301 l eves I 
FORD CAPHf W 1984 16.000 
mites, blur suver. warraniy. 
taxed, electric windows, as 
new. £6200. 01-643 3666 


hire servtce. TeMstticne SnUth^ 
CAT lure 0 1-262 2427. 

. A, u'c »••.•-.- 

' nja iermyn 5ir*»t. SW1 j 
■J'ehedjteV'f light 1 039 71*4 I 
'-Budget.' Flights '8 39 71*6 

HMIum O U DM flWita/Btos 
lo Europe. USA h mote (tatne 
Hons ototomat Travel. 01-730 


dfcKXMJiu fares ore 01-602 

cheap nrcan worldwide. 

Haymarket 01-930 1366. 



AsglaGnck finally oflkr bceunfid 
am* >Ja nvdinv Bony «b 
pdoh tot 

Eater Dm. 25/3 - 1/4 
Grok Eater W. 22/4 - 29/4 

Tet 01-994 4462/5226 

truth, leave the crowd* behind 
& come A san.or obey wtth a* m 

■ beautiful & honorable coun- 
try. DbpeU the mntL Ring for 
our hiud friendly brochu re 
01-747 1011. 

snectai prices to oar a ttr a ctive 
villa* from Heathrow ring Pan 
world Holiday* Ol 734 2S62 

QHCCCE- (2A I rt eu de ) VOaa. apte 
A perwana. Oeparturee Itfom 2S 
March- Low prices morn iwk 
£199. 2 wks £109 ■ 109213) 
778344. TKneway Holiday* 
ABTA/ ATOL 1107. 


H O T E 1. 
m:(UU 3 SaS 4 L lH£fc 4 SO« 

In your own bosiocss. 
Free Informatfoo from 
WEL Dept TT 4a 
Knights Chambers EOr 
mon ton Green London 


Tojoit tt weB.^ttbliditd 
Loodoo cbaniy. Tins na- 
tkmwide : . refisKied 
charity n -&st growing 
4Mf reqairer totneoae 

wbo has awiflr taarago- 
rial expericnor, who can 
also tale specific 
respodsifafey fix finance, 
ana growth and ikvdop- 
mcfli of fimue projects. 
Drim§ tkcocc nsentai. 
Please write for further 

Haw to BON DCS . 


HIM B K HMW mow 
film ten — -— — - ■ room ooenMa ja Nl need* turn 

HtodivSti tottiuforrSy earertooeed part toe (hair 


COSY COTTAOE Aakrigg. 10th 
rrrwury rrc*ntty rfMnatoA 3 
be d roorwL. modem tocW B e* . 
CH. From £70 par vmLlh- 
tan* 0274-01 SX12.'. ' . 

SPEAK FRENCH Hi ■ friendly 
French farnity. Good f ood. «£■ 
spfctrd homes. FamMeS A 
angles afl a pes. Aten s rody A 
Houacpany cwttre*._ Seomto 
.. T«nag*'Croup*.&A-E.n> Fa- 
ints* Aoency. Qu een* Lane. 
: Arundel *0903) 883682- 


Menorca. Tenerife, villas. AM 
Pennons Tevemaa. Holidays 
and Flint* is summer /winter 
Brochures, bookings only dtrecl 
from. The Spectator*. Ventura 
Holktays Tet 01-250 13SS. 
TAKE TIME OFT to Parts. Am- 
sierdam. Bnewh. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne a Dteuite. Time Off. a®. 
Chester Close. London. SW15C 
7BQ. 01-236 8070. 

WORLD WIDE Fttohtx. 
Specialising to First & Ctab 

Ora A Economy u Australia. 
Far East. S. Africa. U&A. Lis- 
bon. Faro A Geneva. Phone 
Travel Centre 01-636 7026 


0- w £396 rm £646. Auckland 
OlH £420 rtn £774. JoHurg 
O. w £264 rtn £470. bn AH9e- 
let o ■ w ii 77 nn £336. London 
Flight Centre 01-370 6332. 

ROUND WORLD £746 ecun. CUm 
IT £1699. Dm fr £2036. Syd- 
ney ir £669 rtn. Catumbos. 
Cutter* Carden. I O Devonshire 
Souare. EC 2 . Ol 929 4261. 
monu from most UK airports. 
Many tale special offer*. Faraor 
Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 

AC 'Visa. 

DISCOUNTS tsL'Efaramy tick- 
ets. Try to 

tasl FUCHTBOOKERS 01-387 

TUNISIA For ihal perfect botktay 
with sunny days A carefree 
mgnu. (deal for March- Aprs. 
Tunisian Travel. 01373 441 1 . 
AUCANTC. Faro. Mama etc, 
Dtmmtd Travel ATOL 1783. 

01- 601 4641. Horenam 68641 

Genuine docounl fare*. 

OTC Ol 602 32S6 
£■* off In au cum*. Benz 
Travel 01-988 6414. 

wtMonra steams, ForreK and 
Fairytale coulee, tad hours 
from toiende. In tM belgtum 
Antennas, the poafljUitre are 
rodUta .4 wealth of octhrttea are 
M freed tor the whole famSy. 
Holidays mini £20 per person 
pn week' to cottage*, farms, ?*. 
canon vinapts or houds. Finn 
tun mare ask the Befsud Bro- 
chure from B elg iu m Rental 
Service. 178 Setsden Park 
Road. S Croyden. Cr 2 8 JJ. 
Tetepnone Ol 661 SI 09. Or 
L .en lente Oordlale Bar am. 
Dumpstoiv Mtottan, Ab ew te a n - 
shire. Scotland Tel 077 982 
249. ams 24IS1 or Contact 
your local AMa travel AgenL 


5PTUMC M emtu special 
prices 1 A 3 weeks hotel* & 
apam. Pan World Hobdays 01- 


6.00 C«e<axAM. 

6-50 Breakfast Time with Nick 
Ross and Debbie 
Greenwood Weather at 

6^ 7JES, 7JS5, SJfiand 
8>S5; regional news, 

' ’ weather and traffic at 8.S7 
7.27, 7.57 and 8.Z7; 
national and international 


7-20 and 8.20; the latest . 

' pop music news at 742; 
and a review of the 

s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

' ^ 

financial advice. 

SL20 CeefaxIOLSOPtay 

Scttooi^ 10-50 Ghaitoar. 
Two post-graduates 
explain the intricacies of 
university entrance as wett 

• as the hurdles and cos® 

involved. In addrtton, a 
teacher, quattSed in 
Pakistan, talks about the 
difficulties she has faced 

in finding similar 

employment in this 
country. 11.15 Ceefax. 

12J30 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdate, 
Incomes news headlines 
. wtth suDtities 1255 
Regional news and 

1- 00 PebbteMK atOne-Sus ' 

Hicks ends her cooking 
wtm fish series wtth . 
recipes Involving oysters 

and toDsters; artist Bruce 
Pearson shows off 
examples ot his work; and 
John Gordon StndairlaHcs 
about his latest film. The 
Girtin the Picture. 1.45 

2- 00 The Cheltenham Festival. 

Julian Wilson introduces' 
coverage of tow races 
from me second day of the 
meeting - me Sun Alliance 
Novices' Hurdle (2.15); the 
Queen Mother Champion 
Steeplechase (2.50); and 
the Coral Golden Hurdle 
Race Final (350) The 4.05 
race is on BBC 2 352 
Regional news. 

355 The Perisliera, with the 
voice of Leonard Rossiter 
as Boot (i) 450 The 
- ChuckteHounds. 4.10 
Heamcfiff-TheCat (rt 

4.15 Jaekanory. WHIta 
Rushton with ptet three of 
AA Milne's Winnie the 
Pooh <r) 450 Laurel and 
Hartfy cartoon characters 
in Love Me, Love My 
Puppy, (r) 45S You ShoUd 
Be So Lucky! Heat four of 
the talent contest series. 

550 Newsround, presented by 
Roger Ann 556 The 
December Rose. Part one 
of a new six-eptsode 
drama serial about a 
wealthy and corrupt group 
of politically motivated 
people who are brought to 
justice by a young chimney 
sweep 5-35 Rotframis 
Cartoon Time 

650 News with Nicholas 
WitcheR and Andrew 
Harvey, weather. 

655 London Plus. 

750 Wogan. Tom^ifs guests 
include actress Lee 
Rerruck; comedy 
scriptwriter^ Laurence • 
Marks and Maurice Gran; 
and pop group, Gemini. 1 ' 

7.40 No Piece Like Home. 

Arthur rs spotted having 
lunch wtth ms new, pretty 
secretary and Beryl is 
somewhat jealous. 


6.10 Danas. Sue Ellen faces a 

r ltoadrymg-outcfciic . 

gang on a bender; 
while the late Bobby's - 
fiancee and ex-wite try to 
sort out their futures. 

950 News with JuDaSomervfie 
and John Humphrys. 

950 OE.D-- U nde r s tanefing 
Rape. A ttocumeraary 
about a psychiatric 
experiment exploring the 
minds of both tha victim 
and the rapist (see ' 
Choice) (Ceefax) 

1050 Sportantott. introduced 
by Steve Rider. Mgrtights 
from one Of tonight's top 
footbaR games; making 
money from running - 
marathons; and a preview 
of tomorrow's Cheltenham 
Gold Cup are among the 

1155 Weather. 

650 Good 

Wanwnd and Nick Owen.. 

Bwtiseaat^newit “ 



53s a l 7 ’ 24; p°p video 

at 755; video review at 
a bertnd the scenes 
took at the making of 

National No smoking bay 
Dr Bobby Jackin warns 7 - 
of the dangers of smoking, 
especially among young 
women, at 954; other 

health advice at & 12 . 


9-25 Thames news heatfflnes. 
650 Fbt Schools: Science - 
chemistry B52 Maths for 
the vouno 10 54 A comical 

English*. Fanukh Dhondy's 

A Passage to the East End 
1150 The art of 
storyteifing 1150 Past 
. . presantand the future. For 

the hearing Impaired 1157 
Science -disease and 

1250 M oa c h op s. Adventures of 
a cSnosaur (r) 12.10 Oir 

a dinosaur (n 12 . 
Wish You Werel 

1250 Wlafi You Were Hare—? 
Judrth Cha&ners reports 
from Rio; Shaw Taylor and 
Ws wife end thek 
Mediterranean cruise; and 
Anne Davies finds out how 
Canteroury caters for the 
' disabled. There is also a 
report from Winchester. 

'150 News at one with Leonard 
PanUri. 150 Thames 
. news. 150 A Country 
Practice. Medical drama 
serial set in an Australian 
outback town. 

250 On the Martiet- Susan 
Brooks and Trevor Hyatt 
with the week's best fresh 
food buys. The guest cook 
Is Maureen Ljpman. 350 ■ 
Geras. Drama serial set in 
the Covert Garden 
workshops of a fashion 
design company 355 
Thames news headlines 
350 Sons and Daughters. 

450 Moachops. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 James tiie Cat 
450 The Wa« Gama. This 
week's theatre workshop 
involves children from St 
James Church of England 
Junior School, Tunbridge 
Weis, and guest, Smitta 
455 Tlw Ark. The children 
continue their 
environmental exploration 

environmental exploration 
by narrowboat (Oracle) 

5.15 Connections. Sue Robbie 
presents another round of 
the quiz game tor 

5.45 News with Michael 
Nicholson 650 Thames 


655 Help! Vlv Taylor Gee wtth 
newsof the Docklands .. 
• Canal Boat Trust 
655 Cro ssroads . Benny is 
. upset aboutRojf and ' 

750 This Is Your Life. Eamotm 
Andrews, armed witn his 
. : v . big red book springs a 
.... surptwe on another • 

. unsuspecting worthy. 

750 Coro na tion Street Who is 
. Gloria's secret admirer? 

. . Plans .to c&scover his 
.identity are hatched at the 
. . Rovers' (Oracle} 

650 Tha Barmy HV Show. 
Another selection of comic 
sketches, larded with 
innuendo. - 

950 Brifiah Cinema: Personal 
View. Alan Parker present 

his own documentary on 

the present state of the 
British cinema. Other 
contributors in the series - 
are Lindsay Anderson and 
Sir Richard Attenborough, 
(see Choice) 

1050 News witnAlastair Burnet 
and Pamela Armstrong. 

. . Weather, followed by 
Thames news beadflnes. 
1150 FBac The P han tom of 
Hollywood (1974) starring 
Jack Cassidy and 
Broderick Crawford. A 
about strange happenings 
in a studio after the owner 
decides to sett-up.' 
Directed by Gene Levitt 



nv,9-0Qpm)ls a swipe at the 
egg-heads. And surprisingly 
even-tempered it is too, 
considering bow much blood has 
been spilt n the war between 
those who make movies tor 
. money and tnose whose 
motives are more aesmetic. Alan 
Parker proudly sports hts 
turnip-head tonightand his 
documentary has the same 
high level of entertainment and 
low level of Inteitectual 
attitudinizing as Ins movies 
[Bugsy Malone, Bmjy, etcjLHe 
does not go so tor so far as 
Alexander Walker in 
demanding that the British Fifrn 
institute should be aboksbed, 
bur he dearfy has no tone tor the 
"academic spivs" with their 
constipated erudition. Lew 


Grades wtth O-teveis, he calls 
them: as useful as a scratch on 
the film negative. Lindsay 
Anderson, whose documentary 
essay on British cinema win 
be the second *n the series of 
three, is more BFl- orientated 
than Mr Parker, and his head is, 
therefore, more egg-then 
turnip-shaped. 1 hope tus film win 
be as opfnonated as Mr 
Pancers.We cannot expect It to 
be as freewheeling. 

FEELING (BBC2. 955pm)l must 
admit that I am left nursing a 
very uncertain feeling.! turned up 
for the Press screening, but 
the film did not I 
cannot therefore .tefi you 
whether l mink it 5 good as the 

Kingsley Amis novel, or not 
as good as the 1962 cinema 
version. Only Two Can Play. 
m any case, comparisons are 
odious. I only wish I was in a 
position to be able to make mem. 
(BBC 1. 5.30pm) brings tne 
violated anc tne violators race 
to race in an American 
experiment in rehabilitation 
(or me rapists land recovery- 
tnerapy (at the raped) that ts 
having only a Bmiteo degree of 
success, ft is not yet being 
a corned in more conservative 
Britain, but with new rape 
cases being reported daily, it 
strikes me mat me American 
initiative should be considered, if 
only as the fum equivalent of 

a discussion document 

Peter Davalle 

Radio 4 

655 Opai University: 

Database - Information 
Systems, ends at 750. 

950 Ceefax. 

958 Daytime on Two: Science 
- animals of the sok 1050 
For four- and . five-year 

: olds 10.15 Mathema tica l 
Investigations: patterns 
and time graphs 1056 
Using CSt maths at work 
1150 Words and pictures 
1 1.17 A day by the seaside 
1 1 j 40 The consequences 
of teenage sex 12.10 Part 
eight ot David Bellamy's 
series on the uses of trees 
1255 The final programme 
in the series tor aspiring 

rock musicians 150 Maths 
for adults studying an O- 
tevel course 1.15 How 

students to survive 158 
Alternative technology 
250 how people tra vetted 
to the early pot of tne 
century 2.18 Art: drawing 
old machinery 240 How a 
detective is framed. 

3.00 Ceefax. 

350 The Cheltenham Festival 
continued from BBC 1. 

. The Sun Alliance 

450 Ceefax. 

550 News summary 
555 Bridge Ciub. introduced 

- by Jeremy Janes. 
Improving one's play with 
advice from Jeremy Flint 
with members of Bristol 
Bridge Ctub:(r) 

650 Fans Macao* (1952) 
starring Robert Mltchum, 
Jane Russell amd William 
Bendbc A thriller, set in the 
seedy Macao underworld, 

. about a detective, a 
cnmmaL and a nightclub 
singer, who become 
ernorofled in murder and 
intrigue. Directed by 

- Joseph von Sternberg and 
Nicholas Ray. 

750 Tales of Horanmg: Double 
BBL The Palm Court 
Orchestra; and Birds, 

Bees and Storks. 

750 Out of Court presorted by 
David Jessei and Sue 
Cook.' Should victims of 
crime have more say in 
court? And satirical songs 
performed by a group of 
singing barrators, 
illustrating their revolt over 
remuneration and 
prospects m their 
1 ' ' profession. 

850 AI Our Wortring Lives. 

Part nine of the series 
tracing the history of 
Britain at work tft the 20th 
• century examines the steel 
industry, (r) (Ceefax) 

950 M*A"S*H. Henry Blake 
becomes a pariah when 
everything about liim 
. . seems to turn to 


955 That Uncertain Fee&tfl. 
Part one of a tour-episode 
adaptation of Kingsley 

Amis's novel about a m8d- 

mannered Hjranan and Ms 
involvement with a local 
councillor's wife. Set in 
Wales during the Fifties 
and starring Denis Lawson 
and Sheila Gish. (Ceetax) 

- (see Choice) 

10.15 Eye ote Dolphin. A 

portrait of a tone dolphin, 
swimming off the north 
Comwatt coast (First 
shown on BBC South 

10.45 NewanigM 1155 

255 F8nc Okf Mother RUey 
MP* 0639) starring Arthur 
Lucan and Kitty McShane. 
Mother Riley, sacked by 
her boss who is also her 
landlord and a 
Parliamentary candidate, 
decides to oppose him in 
the election. Directed by 
Oswald Mitchell. 

450 A nus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
talks to writer Alan 
Bleasdale about his film. 
No Surrender, and of the 
realities otSte in the 

450 Countdown. Yesterday's 

winner is cnaflenged by 
Eirtys Llewellyn Jones 
from Co wyn Bay. 

550 Alice. The Phoenix, 
Arizona, diner waitress 
appears on a television 
game show with 
colleagues. Vera and 

550 Shakespeare Lives. This 
final programme of the 
theatre workshop series 
conducted by Peter 
Bogdanov is also the 
second half ot an 
examination of me Bard's 
Measure tor Measure.(r) 

550 The Christians. Part ten of 
Bamber Gascoigne's 
senes on tne n story of 
Christianity deals with the 
establishment of 

750 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastafr 
Stewart includes a report 
on the background to 
today's Commons Select 
Committee report on the 
Setiafiekt nuclear 
reprocessing plant 

750 Comment This week's 

K mocai slot is fffled by lan 
noatosworth, trie SOP 
MP for Stockton South. 

850 The American Century. 
This final prog ra mme of 
the senes on lime Life's 
cinema news magazine, 
The March of Tune, 
features the penultimate 
one produced. Shown in 
Juty, 1951. the film 
examines the West's 
attitude to Iran’s secular 
nationalism wider 
Mosaaeq. (Oracle 1 
850 Diverse Reports, keep 
Taking the Tablets, 
postponed from last week, 
a report by Christine 
Chapman on drug safety. 
Because ot the industry s 
obsession with safety, it is 
argued, patients are left to 
surfer wnen tnere are 
treatments available that 
could help them. 

950 Prosp ec ts. Part four of the 
comedy drama senes and 
Bitty and Ptncy arrange a 
camping foursome In 
Southend witn two girls. 
Starring Gary Oisen and 

1050 Mr Pye. A repeat of 
episode two. 

1150 The 1985 BAFTA Craft 
Awards, introduced by 
David Frost Highlights of 
Sunday's awards 
ceremony performed by 
Princess Arme. The 
winners' works are 
discussed by Mark Shivas, 
Peter Barkwortn and Terry 

1155 Firm Crime of Honour* 
(195B) starring Russell 
Napier as Scotland Yard 
Superintendent Duggan, 

On long wave. For VHF variations, 
see end of Radio 4. 

555 Shipping 650 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming. 

Today, tnd 650. 750, 850 
News 6.45 Business 
News 655, 755 weather 
750, 850 News 755, 

855 Sport 745 Thought for 
tne Day B.35 Yesterday 
in Parliament 657 weather; 
950 News 

955 Midweek with Libby 

1050 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time. 

Listeners' questions (r)(s) 
1050 Morning Story: The 
Waadmg by Elizabeth 
Evans. Read py Mary 

10.45 Datty Service (raw Every 

1150 Nw«?re^nie^ S ^ 
Countryside in March. 
Wyntora Vaughan- Thomas 
taxes a seasonal look at 
tne countryside (sKr) 

11.48 Ena La re Within. Neil 
Lanoor and experts 

answer listeners queries 
1250 News; You and Yours. 

Jorm Howard reports on 
tocucaf issues 
1257 Lord ot Misrule. The 
battle tor me lordship of 
a Wetsn vailey *1 tne dark 
days ot the mid -1 Btn 

century {X) The Conjurer's 
Sons (0(9) 1255 
weamer; Travel 

1.00 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers 155 

Shipping Forecast 

2.00 News; Woman s Hour. 
Induces an interview 

wrtn Sally O'Sudivan, Editor 
ot Options Magazm. 
and Charles Wilson. Editor ot 
The Times, wno is her 

350 News; The Afternoon 
Ptay. Down to Earth by 
Ned Sheraon. With Bob 
Grant and Neii Cade. 

3.47 Time for Verse. Kevn 
presents more poems 
inspired py pictures in 
the Tate Gallery. 

450 News 

455 File on 4. Raisin McAuley 
reports from Manna on 
tne question: Can people 
power bring democracy 
to me Philippines ?(0 

4.45 Kaleidoscope Extra. Paul 
Alien presents e profile 
of W»y Russell, autnor of 
Educating Rita ano Stood 

550 PM: News Magazine 550 
Shipping Forecast 555 

650 News; Financial Report 
650 Rim Star: Alexander 

Wafter recalls the screen j 

careers 01 famous stars. 

This week: Judy Garland I 

7M News 
7.05 The Archers 
750 Fireside Tales (new 
senes). Storytellers 
around the country share 
some tales wrtn Phil 

7.45 The Mind in Focus. The 
last in a series ot 
programmes exploring 

current trunking in 

psychology (5) 
Analysts: New 

8.15 Anaiysis:New 

Eastenders. David 
Wheeler reports on the 
growing concern over a 
sc name for tnree American 
skyscrapers to be butt in 
London s docklands. 

950 Thnty-MmuTe Theatre. A 
Classical Education by 
LA. Bariow, with Carole 
Boyd (rxs) 

950 Wives of the Great 

Composers. Fritz Sptegl 
ends ms series with Alma 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Presented 
by Natalie wraen. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

Bengal Lancer, the 
autobwgraony ol Francis 
Yeats Brown (8|. Reader 
Tim Ptgon-Smrtti. 1CL29 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1150 Tooay m Parliament 

12.00 News; Weather 1253 
Snipping Forecast 
VHF (avanane m England and 
S. Wales oray) as above except 
5.55-650am Weatner: Travel 
1 150-1250 For Schools: 1150 
Music workshop (s) 1 155 
Junior Drama Workshop (s) 11.45 
Radio Club 155-350 pm For 
Scnoots: 155 Listen mg Comer 255 
Looking at Nature is) 2.20 
Quest is) 2.40 fPKtures m Your 
Mina 250 Something to Think 
About (SI 550-555 PM (continued) 
11 50-11 10 am Open 
University 1150 Portraiture: Part 1 
1150 Social Sciences: Acts of 
Goa? 1250-1.10 Schools Night- 
Time Broadcasting: Help 
Yourseti to English 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. For VHF 
variations, see end of Radn 3. 

655 Weather. 750 News 
7.05 Momma Concert: 

Couperin (Le sultans 
sonata). Clara Schumann 

B ananons on a theme by 
Dpert Schumann: Helena 
Boschi. piano), Ravel (Le 
tomoeau oe Couperin). 850 

855 Concert (contd): Dvorak 
(Carnival overture). 
Mussorgsky ( Memories of 
Childhood: kun woo 
Paik, piano). Kalmnokov 
(Sympnony no 1J. 950 

955 The Week's Composer 
Vivaldi. Concerto in D 

mmor. Op 3 no 1 1: Concerto 
in G maior. RV 101; 

Sonata 'm D minor. On 1 No 
12. La folia; Concerto hi 
Gimnor, RVi07,and 
Concerto m D maior, RV 
cC&Grosso Mogul. 

1053 v?mce (not quite so) 
Preserv'd: Pnnip Jones 
Brass Ensemble play 
Guvanni Gabrieli's 
Canzon per sonar a 4, 
Canzon a 8. LSQ way 
Tippen's Symphony No 2. 

10.45 English Song Cycles: 

Adrian Thompson! tenor), 
Roger Vlgnoles (piano). 
Works by Bnnen 
(mciuoinQ Who are these 
children 11 ), and Fmzi (A 

Young Man 5 Exhortation. 

Op 14) 

11.40 Ayres for the Theatre: 

Darnel Purcell (The 
Unnappy Pendent), Henry 
PurceH [IrxaoemaJ music 
Aoaaazer. or. tne Moor's 
Revengei. Parley of 

12.15 Concert HaH London 
Oooe Tno. Bosmortier 

(Sonata m G. Op 7 no 
5), Paul Reade 
(Luck barrow Dances). 
Beetnoven (Variations on 
La ci darem la mano). 1 50 

155 Ruby BraH: the 

trumpeter in recordings 
made with Dick Hyman and 
EH is Larkins (pianos), 
including Airst't misbehavin'. 

150 Matinee Musicaie: BBC 
Concert Orchestra .with 
BBC Smgere. Rossini 
(Thieving Magpie 
overture). Defies (To be sung 
of a summer mgnt on me 
waier), heiiy (Preiude, 
intermezzo and wanz: 
suite. Lett Bank), Baoaud 
(Ecioaue: Poe me 
virgilien). Bnnen (To 
aafbdiis. and otner 
woncsj, Elgar ( Dream 
Cnddreni. Cnabner , 

(introduction et cnoeur 
danse. Act 2 of Le roi 

155 Cncker Fifth and final 
day ol tne Second Test 
England v West indies. On 
medium wave untd 6.45 

750 Choral Voices: New 
London Chamber Choir, 
with Paul Webster (orqan). 

Ives (Psalm 67). Roberto 
Sierra ( Cantos Populates), 
and Ives (Psaim 90) 

750 Archangels Don't Play 
Pinpaihuario Fo's 
farce, translated by James 
Runae With Jimmy 
Chisholm, Timothy Bateson 
and Gayle Runaman. 

With music by Harvey and 
the Wai (Dangers 

9.00 London Pndnarmonic 
Orchestra (under Yan 
Pascal Tortelier). With Felix 
Schmidt (cello). Part one. 
Dukas (Poeme danse: La 
pen). DutiBeux (Tout un 
monde tortam.tor cello and 

950 Six Comments: Angus 
McDerrmd wim foreign 
radio broadcasts monitored 
by the BSC 

10.10 Concercpart two. 

Debussy ( Khamma 
ballet), Ravel (La valse) 

1150 Chamber Music from 
Manchester Takasni 
Srnmizu (violin), Gordon 
Back (piano). Bloch (Baal 
Snem), Ysaye (Sonata in A 
minor. Op 27 No2, 

Obsession). Sarasate 
(Concert fantasy on 
carmen), Skaikottas (Utile 
Suite No 2) 

11.57 News. 1250 Closedown. 
VHFonly:Open University. From 
6.3Sam to 6.55. Open Forum 
2.20 Giuuani and Paganini: 

Jean -Jacques Kant or ow( violin), 
Amhea Giffcrd (piano). Giuliani 
(Sonata in A, Op 85). Paganini 
(Sonata in A. Op 64 No 12 
350 Montreal SO (under 

Dutoit). Salnt-Saens (Symphony No 
3).wim Reier hunord.organ: 

Ravel (Piano Concerto in G. with 
Pascal Roge, rxano) 

4.00 Choral Evensong: from 
Winchester Caireoraf.4.55 News 
5.00ChO«e:Coates (The 
merrymakers overture). Bchner 
iwarp Concerto in C: Annie 
Cnaiian), Micnaei Hemuig and 
Anmony Collins (Tmenody icm- a 
soldier kdied in action). Hanael 
(pemngen Te Deumj. 

Schumann (Aioumpiatier, Op 125; 
Wailtiscn. piano). Edward 
German {Weisn Rhapsody). 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF. 
see end of Radio 1 . News on the 
hour (except 9.00 pm). 

Headlines 550 am, 650. 750 and 
fi.30. Cricket. Seconc Test. 

West ind-es v Ena land, at 1.05 pm, 
2.02. 3.02. 4.02, 5 05. 6.02, 6.45 
(n: oniy), 8.02, 9.55, 1i.02. 

4.00 am Conn Ber r y (£! 6. 00 
Ray Moore (s) B.Q5 Ken Broce (s) 

10.30 J'lTimy Yourig si l.OS pm 
David Jacoos (si 250 dcra 
hunrroro ( 5 ) (pneme-in). ind 
Pacing From Cnenennam: 2.50 
Queen M otner Champion 
Steeplechase 350 Music All The 
way (si 4.D0 David Hamilton (s) 
incTRacmg From Cheuenn&m: 4.5 
£35 000 Tne Sun Alliance 
Steeplechase 6.00 Jonn Dunn ( 5 ) 

8.00 Yer Roots Are Snowing 
(Mike Haroinc rs) 8.45 Big Band 
Special (s) 9.15 Usian to the 
Band. Highlights from me Brass in 
Concert Championship of 1985 
(s) 9.55 Sports Desk 1050 Is A 
Funny Business. Mike Craig 
invites you to rememoer Sandy 
Powell, rns Quest m November 
1977 10.30 Hubert Gregg says 
Tnanks For Tne Memory 11 .00 
Bean Mannew present Round 
Mianigm (stereo from midnight) 

1.00 Peter Dickson presents 
Nigntnde (s) 3. 00-4. DC am A 
Little Night Music fs). 

Radio 1 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations ai end or Radio 1 . News 
on tne naif-nour from 6.30 am 
until 950 pm ana at 12.00 midnight. 

6.00 am Adrian Jonr. 7.30 Mike 
Feac 9.30 =<mon Sates 12.30 pm 
Newsbeat (Frank p&mdaei 

12.45 Simon Mayo 3.00 Sreve 
Wngnt 5.30 Newsbear (Frank 
PaTiagei 5.45 Brono Brookes, ind 
at 650. Top 30 album cnart 

7.30 Jamce Long 1050-12.00 John 
Peel Is) VHF RADIOS 1 & 2 
4.00am As Radio 2 lO.OCpm As 
Radio 1 12.00-4. 00am As Raaio 2. 


6.00 NflwSCMk 7 00 Nl«ws 7JJ9 Twenry 
Four hours 7.30 DovBt'jpmeni W aao 
he*s 8.09 Rertecnons B.iS Dass 
Record Review 8J0 Transatlantic OvH 

9.00 Rews 9.09 Review of in® 8mi->n 
Press 9.15 The Wd today 9.30 Finan- 
cial News 9.40 Look Aneac 9 45 riarice'S 
and Swann 1D.00 News 10.01 Owdus 
1030 My Word' 1140 News 11.09 w r «s 
Apouf Britain H 15 Just u*e >ou an>i nne 
1125 A Lenar From waies 1250 Ra>na 
Newsreel 12. IS nueure noiecoc* 12.25 
Tne Farming world iSASSocnsRcamoup 
1JOO News 159 Twenty Four Hours 1.30 
De<>eiOi3meni 86 2.00 Duoooh 2.45 Re- 
pon -v Reunion 10C Ran* mewsreei US 
In hmv Comemounoo 3J0 Hmce an.] 
Breoei 4.0G News «jjg Cun' mama r, a tS 
Rocs Seiau 4.45 The wono T-aoay 500 
News sxa A '.filter From waies S. iS 
Monitor 8.00 News SJOi Twenty Four 
Hour* a is ‘mum Time 9.45 Recoromo it 
the Weak i(U«0 News 10.09 Tne imkm 
T oday 10.25 A Lener Frem Wales so.JU 
Financial News 1(U0 Renecnons 1C. 45 
Scons Roundup 11.00 News n.GS Com- 
mentary 11-iS Good Boohs 11.30 Too 
Twenty 1250 News 12.09 News About 

| Britain 12.15 Radio Newi>t(«U2.30 mnofl 
jnc Bracket i.oo News i.oi Outux* i50 
Wavequtoe 1.40 Book Choice 1.45 Moni- 
tor 2.00 News 2M Rawew ot me British 
Press 215 Network Uk 230 Assiqni*w»r.i 

3.00 News 3.09 New* adoui 6mam 3 i5 
Tne wono Today 3J0 The wood’s Most 
Successful Virus 440 Newsotsn *.J0 
Oassmai Record Review SAS The Wood 

All pmes in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:t053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693k Hz /433m: 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
92.5; Radto 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-G5: LBC: 1l52kHz/26im; VHF 97.3; Capital: 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206riU VHF 94.9; World Service MF 648k Hz /463m. 

1255 Mght 

Edinburgh Observed 
1250 Etootogy, Newts to 
Newborns. Erios at1255 

surrounding trie body of a 
mao found m the Thames. 
Directed by Montgomery 
Tulty. Enos at 12.15. 

HRC1 WALES: B45pn»-54X> 
===-iwa«9 Today 935-740 Juke 
113S-122SM Protesskmal Boxing 
1235-1230 News ana 
weamer SCOTLAND 10 15em-1030 
&ome Gocnd B 35-740 Fwporeng Scot- 
land 1030-1240 Fitm^rea_.iUwr 
wnaw (l977HR«31Brn Hamsi 1240- 
1205am Weamer NORTHERN IRE- 
LAND: 535pm- 5^D Today s Scon 530- 
640 inside Luster 6.35-740 Cnanes 
in Cnarge 1145- 1200 News and 
weamer ENGLAND: 635pm-740 
Regional News 

SAT Starts: 140pm Count- 
— =ESfi oown 200 Taro Nooyn 220 
Ftaiattfam 235 Opawg 245 mtar- 
vai 200 The Cnrisnans 440 A Plus 4 430 
Wood of Arvmaoon 445 Uyn LWflon 
440 Den Dag 540 Bttoowcar 530 Pob’s 
Programme 640 Brooksue 630 Pwl 
740 Nflwyodnn Sam 730 Poreeaflau 
200 Drannoem Y Fiair 035 Y ^d v 
Beawar 945 Pilm: The Comic (Dick Van 
Dyne) 1140 1985 BAFTA Craft 
Awards 11.45 Diverse Repons 1215am 

ULSTFR As London ex- 
— cn ceoc 130pm-130 
Luncnome 330-4.00 Three Lime 
Wonis 640-635 Good Evening Ulmer 
1225am News. Closedown. 


130 News STS- 5- 45 BkXWJuswrs 
640-636 Norm Toragm 1225am News. 


News 130 Jot) Soot 1.35-340 Film: 
Couanoo - Death Lends a Hand 330-440 
PosmvetV Unempeyea 5 iS-5 45 
Btoaiousters 640-635 News and Scot- 
land 1225am Lan Call, Closedown. 


News 130-230 nan to hart 640- 
535 News 1225am Closedown. 


930am - t 1.1 5 Schools 1130-11.35 
Locnung Forward 640-6 35pm wales at 

RORnFP As London »- 

PUr5UC ^ ceoc 1230pm-140 

Gtenroe 130-130 news 330-440 
Young Doctors 640-635 Lookaround 
1225am News. Ooeeoowa 
TC W London ewaot 
- 1 °V. 120pm- 130 News 5.15 Qua 

honeyoun 530-546 Crossroads 
640 Today Soutn uvnsi 630-7 00 Amoe- 
bas to Zenras 1225am Postscnpt 


1.00 wreere on Wmnng 1.20 Granada 
Reports 130-230 The Baron 3 l 30-*40 
Young Doctors 640 GranadB Re- 
ports 6.00-635 mis is your FUgnt 
1235am Closedown. 

TYNE TEES ^^y°" woman s Piece 130 
News 135 Where The Joos Are 130-230 
Bowls 640435 Lookaround 1142 
Bowls 1135 God m Good Season. 

channe l aaras®, 

Roma 3.30-440 Young CH>3TV^5 15- 
545 BncxOdSiere 640-635 Channel Re- 
port 1225 Closedown 

CENTRAL ** LDP<,on ex - 

^ 1 rW1 ~ cepf i230pm-1.00 

Samermno lo Treasure 130 Ve-s 
130-230 Scarecrow and Mrs Kma 640 
Croswuids 635-7.00 nmvs 122&MI 

TV© As London except: 

■ ■ ■■ - 120pm New* 130-230 

Roma 330-440 rourc Doctors S.iS- 
545 BroovDustere 6.00-635 Coast id 
C oast i235wn Company. 


ANGLIA ^ SSSTija m, 

and Mrs 130-130 News 5. IS- 645 
Biocoustere 640-635 Atwor anQlia 
1225am Starring Point Closedown. 


— ~ - ~ exenor: 

l230pm-l.00 Caienaai Luncnhm* 

1 - 30-230 Falcon 

C»esi 6.00-635 Caienoar 1235am 


co c imn w s ex 3i«t cc am 

Tenor 7.30 La 

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Royal otcm mows*, cmwi , 
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Bwb. 66 amMe sow » an Tram 
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Tiawta: Opera from jct.OO. a* 

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1W BtolTlM KlLLET - 
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Tun 7 SO rremnwrra. (na 
Modern ProwOwus/Conearr 
Lemow/Ctona BaUei caatma I 
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Race to 

From Our Correspondent 

In a race against time. Mr 
Razah Raad. the French doc- 
tor turned politician who is 
trying to secure the release of 
the French hostages held by an 
extremist Shia Muslim group 
in Beirut, yesterday made a 
new attempt to contact the 
kidnappers and resume nego- 

The move came after the 
group, the mysterious Islamic 
Jihad organization, produced 
photographs to "prove" it had 
killed M Michel Seurat, one of 
the eight Frenchmen held. 

In a parallel effort. but by 
far more symbolic than realis- 
tic, M Serge Boidevaix. the 
Deputy Secretary-General of 
the French Foreign Ministry, 
met President GemayeL the 
country's Christian head of 
state, to ask him for help. 

Mr Raad. a Lebanese-bom 
heart specialist who is running 
in the French elections for the 
National Assembly on a 
Gaullist ticket next Sunday, 
appears to have more chance 
oi success, if there is any to be 
had. This is his third trip to 
Lebanon and the kidnappers 
have specifically requested his 

Mr Raad dropped from 
sight early yesterday morning 
after leaving the seaside 
Summertand Hotel in west 
Beirut, apparently to make 
arrangements to meet the 
kidnappers. He made no com- 
ment as he left the hotel and 
his whereabouts were still 
secret by nightfall. Earlier, 
however, he said that he 
wanted to accomplish his 
mission and return to France 
in lime for the election. 

He arrived in Beirut late on 
Monday night, after the Islam- 
ic Jihad produced three black- 
and-white photographs 
purporting to show M Seurat's 
body and his coffin. 

In a statement delivered to a 
news agency in Beirut, the 
group said the photographs 
were intended to document a 
claim made last Wednesday 
that M Seurat, aged 37. had 
been killed after nearly a year 
of captivity. 

France closes Tanks, page 7 

Today's events 

Roval engagements 

The Prince of Wales attends, 
as President, the annual general 
meeting and luncheon of the 
Royal Naval Film Corporation 
on board HMS President. 1 1. 

Prince Andrew opens the new 
headquarters building and 
assembly facility of Singer Link- 
Miles Ltd. Lancing. West Sus- 
sex. 10 JO: and later attends the 
British Premiere of Young Sher- 
lock Holmes at the Plaza 
Cimena, Lower Regent Sl Wl. 

Princess Anne visits U ns led 
Park Rehabilitation and Medi- 
cal Centre. Godaiming. Surrey. 
1 1: then, as Chancellor of the 
University of London, attends a 
Presentation Ceremony at the 
Royal Albert Hall. 2: and at- 
tends a reception for the Stop 
Polio Board members at 2. 
Belgrave Sq, Wl, 6.30: and later 
attends a dinner given by the 

Letter from Paris 

The Queen meeting the troupe who performed the “Floral Dance’' from the film Fantasia in Adelaide yesterday, 

GCSE exam will go 
ahead as planned 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Stretched Army drops 
Aldershot tattoo 

The new GCSE examina- 
tion for pupils aged (6 win go 
ahead. In spite of objections 
from teachers' organizations 
and examination boards, Mr 
Christopher Patten, Minister 
of State for Education and 
Science, said yesterday. 

"There can be no going badt 
and no hanging back." he said 
at Chester, in a speech which 
set oat the objectives of the 
new examination starting in 
1988. There was no question of 
quality being sacrificed. 

The present examination 
system had served to certify 
poor performance in the mid- 
dle and lower grades, Mr 
Patten said. The GCSE, which 
merges O level and the Certifi- 
cate of Secondary Education 
(CSE), would show achieve- 
ment in positive ways because 

Brazilian Ambassador and Se- 
nor Gibson-Barboza at the 
Braziiiam Embassy at 54 Mount 
Sl Wl. 8.30. 

New exhibitions 
Primis 86: computer-based 
management information sys- 
tems for printing industries. 
Hotel Russell. Russell Sq. WC1: 
Wed 10to9.Thurs 10to4(ends 
March 13) 

American Dolls and Dolls' 
Houses. Bethnal Green Mu- 
seum of Childhood, Cambridge 
Heath Rd. E2 9PA; Mon to 
Thurs 10 to 6. Sat 10 to 6, Sun 
2.30 to 6 (ends June 8) 
Missionary's Letter of 
Discovery of the Moa. the 
British Library. Great RusseD 
St. WCI; Mon to Sat 10 to 5.30, 
Sun 2.30 to 6 (ends March 31). 

Paintings by Stephen Far- 
thing. Edward Totah Gallery. 
Firsi Floor. J3 Old Burlington 
Sl Wl: Mon 2 to 6. Tues to Fri 
II to 6. Sat 10.30 to 1 (ends 
April 12) 

it would not measure children 
against one another but 
against absolute standards. 

The size of the 
Government's teaching train- 
ing programme for the new 
exam was unprecedented, but 
be hinted that ministers were 
prepared to consider sympa- 
thetically requests for more 
financial help. 

All GCSE syllabuses would 
be ready by May, the target 
date, and training courses for 
teachers would run through 
the spring and summer terms. 
Around £10 million had been 
allocated for the introduction 
of the examination, including 
£6 million for supply cover for 
teachers m the present train- 
ing phase, and a farther £2 
million for supply cover in the 
third phase. 

By Alan 

The Array's traditional 
summer display and tattoo at 
Aldershot. Hampshire, which 
in the past has drawn crowds 
of up to 300,000, has been 
cancelled this year and may 
have to be abandoned. 

The Ministry of Defence 
said yesterday that plans for 
this year's display had been 
dropped because of other un- 
avoidable commitments. 
Manpower pressures caused 
by worldwide operational and 
training commitments were 
overstretching all Army units. 

Together with the cost of 
mounting the display, the 
decision had been taken to 
cancel what was a desirable 
but unessential pan of the 
Army's programme. 

Aldershot tattoo, and its 
accompanying large-scale stat- 


ic display, has been held 
annually since 1963 and bien- 
nially since 1978 at the Rush- 
more Arena. Running for 
three days in June, it utilizes 
3,000 men drawn from most 
of the main Army units. 

The ministry said that since 
1984, when the display was 
last held, the Army has had to 
commit an extra 600-strong 
battalion to Northern Ireland 
and is fully stretched in servic- 
ing the Falklands and Rhine 
garrisons. Since the 1981 de- 
fence review, the total number 
of army personnel has fallen 
from 142,000 to 137,000. 

The army equipment exhi- 
bition, a shop window for 
British military hardware 
which normally takes {dace 
alongside the public display, 
will be held as usuaL 

the Duke 

Adelaide —The royal tour of 
Australia was disrupted by aa 
airborne invasion of helicop- 
ters and mosquitoes yesterday 
as the. Duke of Edinburgh 
went for a walk on a wfidfife 
trail (Stephen Taylor writes). 

The presence of a helicopter 
overhead, which belonged to a 
commercial television station, 

dearly annoyed the Duke as 
he set off on a walk through a 
mangrove swamp. He pointed 
at it, gesturing for ft to move. 

After that the Duke, who 
removed his jacket and 
changed into sensible shoes, 
appeared happier. - 
He emerged smiting from 
the walk although those who 
had followed the swamp trail 
had been bitten by mosquitoes. 

“He’s the future Preswfem 
of France, you know”, one of 
the taxi-drivers ai the. Radio- 
Cab Cooperative Lyons 
confided with mixed awe arid 
pride as he watched M Ray- 
mond Bane, once the most 
disliked Prime Minister un- 
der the Fifth- Republic and 
now the most popular politi- 
cal leader in France, chat with 
fellow taxi-drivers over a 
gass of paslis. 

“He doesn’t say any old 
thing, like the others", he 
went on. “He weighs^ his 
words. He tells the truth. He s 
the first economist in France, 
and he's very strong on the 
international frost They re- 
spect him abroad. Quine's 

good, but Bane is better. He's 

mdependenL He's above the 
political parties, so he can say 
what he likes.” 

M Raymond Bane, who 
has always declined to join 
any political party, though be 
s its with the centre-right 
Union poor la Dfemocrane . 
Francaise (UDF), in the Na- 
tional Assembly, is heading 
his own list, called the Union 
des Republican* Uberaux et 
Sociaux, for tiie pariiamenaa- 
ry elections in the Rhrine; 
where be is in direct competi- 
tion with, the Gaullist RPR 
party. ■ 

Despite the recent affiance 
between the two main oppo- 
sition parties, separate fists 
are being fielded in a third of 
the 105 dipartements. While 
united fists are viewed with ‘ 
greater favour; it is accepted 
that separate lists may some- 
times help the two parties lo 
win more votes. But w M 
Bane’s case, it is not appreci- 

He has already provoked 
the fury of the leadership of 
both the UDF and the RPR 
by his outspoken and damag- 
ing attacks on what he has 
described as "a form of 
mkrocosmkTOaiitaria&isziL, / 
that is to say a union where 
everyone has to march in 
step”, and by his outright 
refusal to contemplate the 
possibility, of a right-wing 
Government governing effec- 
tively under President 

He is seen as a divider of 
tiie right, a man in pursuit of 
his own yHfeh ambitions. An 

ason vinous pamphlet, pub- 
lished last month by suspect- 
ed right-wing radicals within 
the RFR party , attacked M 
Bane for being “g raded en- 
tirely by his own personal 
interests. He has only one 
objective: to conquer the 
presidency in 1988.” 

* 4% ’■ J Ui'htr 

ywuj, i-i : — ~ 

attacks- aside with amused 
disdain, and continues calm- 
ly and serenely on his way. 

He know that his reputa- 
tion for plain-speaking, mod- 
eration and consistency is his 
strong point, and plays on it 
all the tune. Sunk back 
comfortably in his chair, bis 

Spectrin a -V 14 

corpulent frame dressed in as 
old-feririoned, double-breast- 
ed grey suit, and- with his 
bead nodding slowly la tte 
melodious rhythms of his 
rich baritone, voice, he oozes 
reliability, sobriety, solidity. 

Without boredom or con- 
descension. be repeats Stowfy 
and carefully, like the univer- 
sity professor be is. his argu- 
ments against .“cohabit- 
ation”. & wiE not warfc. It 
wifl be bad for France. Even if 
the right wins a landslide 
victory, the ^President will 
still retain great powers. ’ 
vM Barre goes -on to extoll 
the traditional values of ira- 
va*J, famdte. fidtrie hard 
■ work, the family, the mother- 
land. “People have accused 
me of being -a pefantiste for 
upholding those values; I 
cannot tcH you -how much I 
despise that kind of 
comment”, he says, his pierc- 
iag tyes suddenly Bashing 
with anger.: 

Bur that dark mood , is 
quickly gone. It is not consis- 
tent with his carefaffy-nur- 
tnred Image of relaxed welt- 
bong and bonhomie. The 
next moment, be is throwing 

sl some joke, his gold teeth 
flashing in his strangely 
crooked month; his Puck-like 
eras looking more pointed 
than ever. He is a gift for the 
cartoonists. • • 

Diana Geddes 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,991 

r i - m ' v-_ 

■■■■ mwm 


I Liable, that’s fiat (5). 

4 Raids on a hoi spot by sur- 
prise (9). 

9 It’s certainly in step, dear 

10 Satisfied about Holy Writ in 
the anthem (5). 

11 State of a girl with a sur- 
prised expression (5). 

12 A bom composer, one who 
restrains himself (9). 

13 Awful vice den revealed (7). 

15 Grudging two points to the 

competition (7). 

18 Herd of swine, with a duck 
in separate surroundings (7). 

20 Puts under cover the fish, 
taking a long time (71 

21 With police back in. calmed 
down and retired (9). 

23 The answer is below (5k 

25 Despicable fellow — he's 
coming early (5). 

26 Jenny kissed him! (5.4). 

27 Badly misguided, in later 
days* anyway (3.6). 

28 Trick shuffle (5). 


1 For brcviij. ondcr 'spit and 
shine' (9). 

2 Out of prim time in the 
works (5). 

3 Head, in the finish, gets 
comfortably settled (9). 

4 Girl with pulling power 
finds yeast a help 17). 

5 She used to petrify people 
by bearing jellyfish (7). 

6 Islam changed the Indian 
summer capital (5). 

7 Making an offer out of being 
helpful . . . (9). 

8 . . . after being dead right* 

14 One sister, a little old-fash- 
ioned. gets overwhelmed 

16 Having a coat on, diSr 
appeared round the river 

17 Fuel cover in old lighter (3- 
6 ). 

19 Excellent specimen of a 
snake (7). 

20 How my sainted Aunt be- 
haves? (7). 

21 Girl making a foolish Stan 

22 A game for men? (5). 

24 Stan with nothing in the 
kitty (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 16.990 


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si .'-' -a ii---. - V s 

B, n E m b- r? & 

a- s- 15 r=KH es n is 

lisSinniiEE- mj’ff 

if, a r-e.ii m e 


Sixteen Years. Sixteen Artists: 
Angela Flowers Gallery, 1 1 
■ Tottenham Mews. Wl: Mon to 
Fri 10.30 to 6. Sal 10.30 to 12.30 
(ends April 5) 

Last chance to see 

Saltglazed Stoneware by Wal- 
ter Keeler. Crafts Council Shop, 
Victoria and Albert Museum, 
SW7; Mon to Thurs 10 to S.40.< 
ends today) 

Colour. Rhythm and Dance; 
paintings by J D Fergusson and 
his Circle in Paris 1910 to 1914; 
Aberdeen Art Gallery. 
Schoolhill; Mon to Fri 10 to 5, 
(ends today) 


Classical duets by Caroline 
Clemntow and Sally 
Popperwdi, 12.30, and concert 
by the Royal Philharmonic 
Society. Yan Pascal Tortelier 
(conductor): Royal Festival 
HalL 7.30 

Organ recital by Colin Walsh, 
Royal Festival HalL 5.55. 

Concert by the London 
Sinfonietta. celebrating Hans 
Werner Henze’s 60th Birthday 
(Elegy for Young Lovers): 
Queen Elizabeth HalL 7pm. 

1 Concert by David Howells 
(Lyapunov), the Purcell Room, 
South Bank. SE1. 7.30. 

Concert by the Combined 
Chorus and Orchestra of 
Roehamptoo Institute of Higher 
Education and the University of 
Surrey; St Manin-in- the- Fields, 
Trafalgar Sq.WC2. 7.30. 

Guitar redial by Sergio and 
Odair Assad; Barbican HalL 
EC2. 1pm. 

Concert of works by students; 
Guildhall School of Music and 
Drama. Barbican. EC2. 1.05. 

Redial by Fine Arts (brass) 
Ensemble: The Drama Hall, 
Weymouth College. Cranford 
Avenue. 7.30 

Organ red Lais by Martin Jack- 
son and Peter Lock, Baptist 
Church. Rugby. 8. 

Concert by The Heather 
Professor’s Consort of Voices; 
Hertford College Chapei, Ox- 
ford, 8.15 

Organ redial by Peter Good- 
man; City Hall. Hull. 7.30. 

Recital by the Tony Oxley 
and Didier Levallet Anglo- 
French Double Quartet; York 
Univeristy, York; 8 
Violin recital by Malcolm 
Layfidd: Free Trade Hal). Man- 
chester, 7 JO. 

Concert by City of Bir- 
mingham Choir. Birmingham 
Town Hall: 7.30 

Talks and Lectures 
Anglo-Saxon manuscripts by 
Penelope Wallis. 12.30: Medi- 
eval PsalteTS by Penelope Wal- 
lis: The British Museum. Great 
Russell Street. WC2. 2 
Changing the Establishment 
by Sir Frank Coopen University 
of London. Houghton Sl 
A ldwych. WC2, 5 
“ Hunger Strike”: anorexia, 
the hysteria of our ti me. by Susie 
Oibach: 1CA, Nash House. The 
Mali, SW|, 8 

Wright Stubbs and Gains- 
borough, horse painting by Si- 
mon Wilson, the National 
Gallery. TrafalgarSq. WQ 1 

1986 Camden FcstivaL for 
information inquire 01 388 

Profile of African Women in 
Britain, panel discussion; Africa 
Centre. 38 King StreeL WC2, 

Parliament today 

Conuuons{2.30): Opposition 
debate on the City and on 
students' support. 

Lords (2.30): Debates on nu- 
clear war ami on disarmamenL 

Books — hardback 

The Literary Editor's selection of 
interesting books pubfished this 

Aeschylus, by John Herington 
(Yale. £25, paperback £6.95) 

Atlas, by Jorge Luts Borges and 
Marla Kodama. translated by An- 
thony Kerrigan (VMng, £1235) 
Divine Landscapes, by Ronald 
Blythe (Viking. £14.95) 

E&zabeth's Britain 1926 to 1986, by 
PWSp Ziegler (Country Life. £14-95) 
Secrecy A Democracy. The CIA In 
Tr a ns i tion, by StansfieM Turner 
(Sidgwk* & Jackson, £12.95) 

The Dream and The Tomb. A 
History of the Crusades, by Robert 

The pound 

Payne (Hale, £16.50) 

The Franchise Affair, by Asa Briggs 
& Joanna Spicer (Century, £14,95) 
The Gulag Arc hipela g o , by Alek- 
sandr I. Solzhenitsyn, translated by 
Thomas P. Whitney A Harry WJfletts, 
abridged by Edward E- Erteson 

(Coffins HarviN, £15) 

The Mythmaksr, Paul and the 

Invention of Christianity, by Hyam 
Maccoby (Wektanfeld & Wcoteon, 

World A reme merit & World Kcnger 

A Cal for Action, by VW” “ — “ 
translated by Anthes Bell 
£10.95, paperback £4.95) 



Frontal troughs will 
cross NW Britain, but 
pressure will remain high 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rams for inaH dsnominadon bank oolK 
on*y as suppuad by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Dinars nt rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other wralgn currency 

Refafl Price Index: 379.7 

London The FT Index dosed up 21 .2 at 













r »« 












65 4r 

’ - 

55 , 

Bird migration 

Births; John Aubrey, Easton 
Pierey. Wiltshire. 1626; Thomas 
Arne, composer (“Rule 
Britannia"), London. 1710; 

Jobs Frederic DauielL chemist, 

London, i 790; Gostev Kirch- 
hoff, chemist. Kaliningrad, 

1824; Gabriele D' Antumriu, 
poet and politician, Pescara, 

Italy, 1863; WJUL Rivers, 

Luton, nr Chatham, Kent. 1864; 

Vaslav NffiaskL Kiev, 1890. 

Deaths: St Gregory, Pope. 590 __ 

to 604. Rome. 604. Sub Yat- - l\0 Smoking 

Sen. provisional President of — ■ 

Reg*** f China, - 1911 - Today is bring observed 
12, Peking, 1925. National No Smoking Day. 

Snow Reports 

Depth Conditions Weather 

.(*")„ £L Runsto I 5 **") 

ANDORRA L « ** — ‘ ' 


^ A S!h R™ JSL J*L J* SPrtn9 ^ dflUd 5C 

Good Spring skung on-piste 

Solden 50 150 good heavy fair fine -2 

Good skfing condttons 

Alped'Huaz 150 250 icy varied fas’ fine 5 

North-facing slopes fair 

teda2000 145 197 good varied good snow -2 
New snow on good base 

La Ptagne 140 260 hard crust good sun -2 

Very good skiing 

Megeve 55 160 tair varied iter Una- ■ 5 

Lower slopes worn 


Courmayeur 70 190 good heavy fair doud 

Upper slopes good 


Andermatt *5 17D good varied good fair 5 

Good srnw on north slopes 

Crans 120 200 varied heavy fair fine 10 

Base needang new snow 

Grindetwakl 20 90 good varied poor .fine 7 

Good swing above 2000 metres 

Mwren 50 160 good varied fair fine 5 

Slush on lower slopes 

VBiare 40 90 good heavy fair sun . 7 

Good weather a nd skiing 

In the above reports, suppfied by representatives of the Ski Club of Great 
Britain. L refers to lower slopes andU to upper, and ait to artificiaL 

varied fair fine 




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10 50 bright 

7 45 IB* 

8 46 bright 

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7 45 rato 

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