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^ jJ 'W* j J 

nFH ? ^ cent r * s f. “ reported rapes last year, much 
for cfeSJ^^T h P0 / ICe proceblrcs ’ has renewed calls 
'•AaBTJSi 1 ^ k^ 00 *» rape victims. 

5^1*1 ujc*dence of cnme generally continued to 

2^S np by 22 percent, robberies 
by 10 per cent and fraud and forgery by 7 per cent. 

in rapes 

• Physical assaults also increased by 7 per cent, with 
an 8 per cent rise in criminal damage, but the number 
ofhome burglaries fell by an encouraging 4 per cent. 

• A doctor and a vicar facing separate charges 
involving sexual assault on children will not face 
prosecution because of lack of evidence. Page 2 

An alarming 29 pear cent 
increase last year in reported 
rape offences was disclosed 
yesterday in the annual crime 
figures for England and Wales. . 
In London. Metropolitan 

By Peter Evans Home Affairs Correspondent 
Home Secretary, said in a 
statement that new proce- 
dures by. the Metropolitan 
Police had increased the pro- 
portion of rape allegations 
which appeared in the figures. 

Police [igures showed a rise of • Allegations now featured 
about naif in the number of which previously would not 

rapes or attempted rapes, up 
from 365 in 1984 to 570 last 

However, the Horde- Office 
described the “apparent 
increase” as largely due to 
changes in police recording 
procedures. ... 

The recorded number of 
drug trafficking offences also 
went up by 22 per cent last 
year, as crime generaily con- 
tinued to rise. 

A 7 per cent rise in offences 
of violence against the person 
took the total to 122,000. 

Robbery went up by 10 per 
cent over the 1984 figure, 
which in turn was 13 per cent 
higher than the previous year. 
Offences of fraud and forgery 
were up 7 per cent. . 

There was an 8 percent-rise 
in the recorded offences of 
criminal damage, continuing 
the steady increase over many 
years. Overall there was a 3 
per cent increase in recorded 

The most encouraging sta- 
tistic for Government and 
police crime prevention was a 
tall of 4 per' cent in house 
burglaries, compared wiih a 
rise.of 10 per cent in 1984. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 

have been counted. 

But the Metropolitan Police 
in its statement yesterday said: 
“In feet, the total cumber of 
-allegations of rape reported to 
the Metropolitan police dur- 
ing 1 985 was about the same 
as in 1984." 

Hence “the rise in recorded 
offences appears dhe largely to 
the effect of the new force 
initiatives rather than a rise in 
the actual number of offences 
reported to the police." 

The figures were not direct- 
ly comparable 'with previous 
years. The new initiatives 
were to obtain greater intelli- 
gence even incases where rape 
victims were unwilling- to 
proceed further with their 

Victims had. been encour- 
aged frilly to substantiate their 
allegations. That had inflated 
the recorded figures ibr those 
offences.- •' 

Changes in the law on. 
anonimity in rape case were 
foreshadowed by Mr Htnd 
who,; describing rape as “a 
uniquely despicable offence". ' 
said the law made it an offence 
to' identify publicly either the 
victim of a rape or the 

defendant once a charge had 
been brought. 

“I strongly support the 
anonimity rule for rape vic- 
tims but 1 am concerned that 
this protection only arises 
once a charge has been made. 
Can it be. ngbl that a victim 
can be exposed to the fufl glare 
of publicity before a charge 
has been brought? I am. there- 
fore considering whether with- 
out harming the public 
interest it would be possible to 
provide for anonimity from 
the outseL” 

He was not convinced that 
the anonimity which the 
present law gave to defendants 
was justifiable. “We are ur- 
gently considering whether to 
propose its abolition," he said. 

The proportion of rape 
cases cleared up by the police 
was 64 per cent in 1985 
compared with 35 per cent for 
notifiable offences as a whole. 

The crime statistics show 
that neighbourhood watch 
schemes as part of a nation- 
wide bid to beat the burglar 
are paying off. 

In London, which has suf- 
fered a plague of burglaries, 
the recorded figures for those 
in dwellings dropped by 1 1 per 
cent in the Metropolitan Po- 
lice district from 109.672 in 
1984 to 97,242 last year. 

In England and Wales there 
was. a 4 per cent decrease in 
burglaries from homes. De- 
scribing the spread of 
neighbourhood watch 
schemes as “remarkable", Mr 
Hurd said it highlighted their 
value as a means of reducing 
domestic burglaries and bring- 
ing police and community 
together. There are now 9,200 

The statistics in total show 
that in 1985 the police record- 
ed about 3.6 million notifiable 
offences, 3 per cent more than 
in 1984 compared with an 8 
per cent increase over the 
previous year. 

Letters, page 13 



Tomonow The V 
Times w311^48 r \ 

the new pfoniat :7 V j 
Wapping and the . .* 
biggest paper since * 
tbe autumn. On 
Monday there will 
be a significant 
improvementin the 
presentation of the 
paper, making it : 
easier and more 
convenient to read. 
Details will appear 
tomorrow • 


A festive 

Throughout the 
concert halls of 
Europe a huge 
variety of artistic 
talent is tuning up 
for spring and . 
Bernard Levin 
introduces a two- 
page guide to the 
best of them 

A drop of 
the Irish 

William Trevor on the 
pangs of memory and 

The daily prize in The 
Times Portfolio competition, 
doubled to £4,000 because 
there was no winner the 
previous day, was shared ^yes- 
terday by Mr Andrew Prince, 
of Wen. Shropshire, and Miss 
P-SteeU of Chelmsford, Essex. 
Portfolio Kst page 23; how to 
play, information service, page 

Schools close 

Schools closed across England 
and Wales for the lunch break 
as head teachers took their 
first national industrial action 
over meal supervision Page 2 

Royal farewell 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh said farewell to 
Australia after a gruelling but 
happy 26-day tour which also 
took them to Nepal and New 
Zealand Page? 

Hone News 
Overseas . M 
Appts HJ0 
Aits 15 

Hostess 17-20 
Cent 14 

Crosswords !&32 

UwRepart 20 
UkIrs \ f? 



etc 31 
tv * 31 

Weolber ■ 32 

- >4 

2-51 Latets 

S*[e Room 

* # * * it 

Thatcher concern over rise 
in ‘barbaric’ rape offences 

ByPh^i Webster S 
. . Potitkal Reporter . 

The Prime ; Minister Spoke 
yesterday of the “uniquely 
barbaric” offence ofrape after 
-the publication of The latest 
crime figures which show a 29 
per cent increase. . 

News of the crime figures 
led to a furious dash with Mr 
Neil Kinnock. the Labour 
leader, in tbe Commons. 

, Mrs Thatcher was said yes- 
terday to be deeply concerned* 
about the rise in crime. The 
latest figures were reported to 
the; Cabinet and later the 
Prime Minister criticized the 
naming of rape victims. 

She told MPs that the whole 
of the media bore a heavy 
responsibility for the way they 
reported crimes of violence. 
Although -the names of vic- 
tims could not be given after 
charges had been made, the 
Prime Minister called on the 
press to observe the “customs 
and conventions" against re- 
porting victims’ names be- 
tween the commission of an 
offence and the charge. 

Meanwhile, Conservative 

Two charged 

Twomen, froth aged 21, were 
last night charged with the 
rape of a wear’s daughter at a 
west London vicarage a week 
ago. A housewife and an 
unemployed man were also 
charged with aggravated bur- 
glary of the vicarage. 

The men charged with rape 
- have not been named in accor- 
dance with the law on report- 
ing rape cases. They have also 
been charged with aggravated 
burglary at die vicarage. 

The other two accused were 
named • as Andrew Stuart 
Byrne, aged 24, of Ca nad a 
Crescent, Acton, and Ji 
line MaryDefelice, 

Limes Walk, Ealing. All four 
will appear at Ealing magis- 
tretes conrt this morning. 

MPs welcomed Mr Douglas 
Hurd’s announcement that he 
was considering a change in 
the law to extend the anonym- 
ity of victims from the com- 
mission of the offence. 

Mr Kinnock, . referring to 
the alarming increase in crime 

of 41 per cent since 1978, 
called on the Government to 
provide more money to local 
authorities to help them 
makes streets and homes saf- 

There were loud Labour 
protests when Mrs Thatcher 
said that most people would 
and should be in a position to 
provide for crime prevention 
on their own. 

Mr Kinnock said that what 
Mrs Thatcher had said might 
be true in Dulwich, but not on 
housing estates throughout the 

Last night Mr Gerald Kauf- 
man, the Shadow Home Sec- 
retary, said that under Mrs 
Thatcher, Britain had become 
a more dangerous and violent 

He said the police could not 
cope with the crime wave over 
which Mrs Thatcher presided. 
“Every minute of Thatcher 
government has brought an 
extra burden for the police. 
Every minute of Thatcher 
government has brought new 
conflict, stress and anxiety for 
all the British people.” 

Parliament, page4 

Gorbachov extends 
nuclear test halt 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
Gorbachov, tbe to negotiations for a test ban 


Kremlin leader, yesterday an- 
nounced a second extension to 
the Soviet Union’s unilateral 
moratorium on nuclear tests 
which had been due to expire 
at the end of the month. 

. In response to an _ appeal 
from the leaders of six non- 
aligned nations for a halt to 
US and Soviet testing in the 
run-up to this year’s summit, 
Mr Gorbachov pledged that 
■Moscow would not resume 
testing after the March 31 
deadline until the US carried 
out its next explosion. 

The Soviet leader also 
called for an immediate start 

treaty and offered the 
guarantees on the key issue of 
verification, including on-site 

“We offer to reach agree- 
ment with the American side 
on fhe possibility for observ- 
ers from both sides to visit 
sites where unclear phenome- 
na occur on request and on a 
reciprocal basis to remove 
possible doubts as to whether 
such phenomena are related to 
nuclear explosions," he said. 

■ The new Soviet offer was 
described by European diplo- 
mats as a shrewd public 
relations move by the Krem- 

Swedes make 
arrest in 
Palme case 

Stockholm — Police last 
night confirmed they had 
arrested a man on suspicion of 
involvement in the assassina- 
tion of the Swedish Prime 
Minister, Mr Olof Palme 
(Christopher Mosey writes). 

The man. a Swedish citizen 
aged 35, was arrested at 7.25 
pm on Wednesday, the Stock- 
holm press spokesman, Mr 
Leif Hanberg, said. He refused 
to give any further informa- 
tion. However, Mr Henning 
Sjostrom, a lawyer who visited 
the man. said be expected him 
to be released in the next few 

Police have interrogated 
1 50 , people Cabinet, page 7 

Racing's first lady: Dawn Rim, ridden by John O'Neill, is led Into the winner's enclosure by 
her owner, Mrs Chairman HflL after becoming the first horse to complete the Champion 
Hurdle-Cheltenham Gold Cop double. Report, page 28. (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

soar at 
BT and 

By Out City Staff 

Investors in two of Britain’s 
leading privatized companies 
had cause for celebration yes- 
terdav as British Telecom- 
munications and Jaguar 
unveiled their latest trading 

British Telecom — whose 
1.6 million shareholders must 
soon pay their final 40p 
instalment — announced 
record nine-month profits of 
£1.333 million, an increase of 
25 per cent. But the stock 
market had been expecting an 
even better performance and 
the shares fell 14p to 21 8p. 

The Coventry -based Jaguar 
group, whose car sales are 
booming in the all-important 
American market, saw its 
profits for last year rise by 33 
per cent to £121 million, 
lifting the shares 15p to 47Qp. 

The results from British 
Telecom prompted renewed 
demands from the Telecom 
Users’ Association, the pri- 
vate lobby group, for a cut in 
telephone call charges as soon 
as possible. 

British Telecom said that 
the increase in the growth of 
telephone calls had been lower 
than expected, with a rise of 
only 6 per cent in inland calls 
for the three months to De- 
cember. The year before it had 
benefited from a surge in 
demand caused by public 
interest surrounding the flota- 

British Telecom's 
workforce fell by 2.000 in the 
third quarter, making a loss of 
3.000 in total for the nine- 
months. Details, page 17 

Bombing suspect 
fights detention 

By Richard Ford 

A woman te rrorist suspect 
wanted by police in Britain in 
connection with a Provisional 
IRA winter bombing campaign 
will appear in the Dublin High 
Coart this morning after 
allegations that she has been 
Illegally detained. **' 

Lawyers for Miss Evelyn 
Glenhohnes, aged 29, retimed 
to tbe High Court yesterday 
only hours after she had been 
remanded in custody by a 
Dublin district conrt at tbe 
start of what promises to be 
lengthy extradition proceed- 

Jnstice John Blayney 
granted in the High Conrt a 
conditional order of habeas 
corpns and directed that the 
woman appear before the conrt 
today when her lawyer's daba 
that she is being illegally 
detained will be examined. 

Mr Patrick McEntee, senior 
counsel, argued that the wom- 
an was in illegal custody 
because the district judge had 
refused to bear evidence mi 
whether she should be given 

The woman was detained by 
police in TaUaght, South Dub- 
lin, on Wednesday night 

Miss Glenholmes,wbo faces 
terror charges 

She appeared at the court on 
nine warrants issued by Scot- 
land Yard seeking her extradi- 
tion for alleged terrorist 
offences and if sent to prison 
wifi be tbe first person extra- 
dited from the republic lo the 
mainland to face trial on such 

An application for bail was 
rejected and she was remand- 
ed in custody until March 19. 

Miss Glenholmes is wanted 
in connection with bomb at- 
tacks outside Chelsea bar- 
racks, the car bomb attack 
which injured Steoart Pringle, 
formerly Royal Marines Com- 
mandant GeneraL an attack on 
the Wimbledon home of Sir 
Michael Havers, the Attorney 
General, and an attack at an 
Oxford Street Wirapey Bar in 
which a bomb disposal expert 
was killed. 

Scotland Yard sought ho* 
extradition on a warrant is- 
sued at Lambeth Magistrates* 
Conrt on November 6 1984 
alleging that on October 13 
1981 she murdered Patrick 
Breslin at Ebury Bridge Road, 
south-west London. 

A farther eight warrants 
were handed in to the conrt 
alleging she murdered Nora 
Field in the same incident in 
which a nail bomb explosion 
outside the barracks killed two 
civilians and injured 37 peo- 
ple, including 27 soldiers. 

She is also accused of 
possessing a sub machine gun 
with ammunition, an Armalhe 
rifle, a Lager pistol, a Colt 
pistol and three other revolv- 
ers as well as explosives at the 

• An extra battalion of 
soldiers began arriving in 
Northern Ireland yesterday, 

. Continued on page 2, col 5 

Rank loses court 
battle over bid 

By Our City Staff 

The Rank Organisation's 
£740 million takeover bid for 
the Granada leisure group 
hung in the balance yesterday 
after it lost a crucial High 
Court legal battle. 

Rank had challenged the 
right of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority to 
block the bid, but the 
authority's anion was upheld 
by Mr Justice Mann. The 
result was welcomed by 
Granada's chairman, Mr Alex 
Bernstein, whose board had 
bitterly opposed the bid. 

Rank’s lawyers said they 
would appeal and the compa- 
ny said it had no plans to 
abandon the bid. In the stock- 
market Granada's share price 
fell Sp to 272p. indicating 
dealers' feelings that the bid 
must now be in serious doubt 

Rank had accused the 1BA 
of aning unlawfully by impos- 
ing the veto and of refusing to 
give it a hearing before block- 
ing its bid for Granada, whose 
subsidiary owns the I TV fran- 
chise in the North-west 

Mr Justice Mann ruled that 
he had no power to quash the 

veto because, he said, the 1BA 
had not been exercising its 
public law functions when it 
made the decision. 

Rank had sought a judicial 
review of the 1BA action but 
the judge said that such proce- 
dure could only be used to 
challenge “public law" deci- 
sions and this had not been 
such a decision. 

Mr Justice Mann said that 
the I BA was entitled to stick to 
its policy of preventing 
changes in the “character and 
control'' of independent tele- 
vision companies during the 
period of their franchises. 

Rank's bid for Granada was 
announced on February 18. 
Two days later the Rank 
chairman. Sir Patrick Meaney, 
had a telephone conversation 
with the IBA chairman. Lord 
Thomson, in which, it was 
alleged. Lord Thomson indi- 
cated that Rank would be 
given 3 chance to put its case. 

But on February 25. without 
further consultation with 
Rank, the veto was an- 

Nato vote welcomed 

Madrid — The triumph of 
“yes" votes in the Nato refer- 
endum brought near-euphoria 
on Spain's four stock ex- 
changes yesterday as well as 
congratulations, from other 
Nato countries (Richard Wigg 

In Bilbao the rise of 117 
points was said to be a one- 
day record. 

The referendum result al- 
lows the stock exchanges to 
continue on the upward trend. 

based on recent signs of an 
economic improvement, 
which had been halted for fear 
of a negative verdict over 

The final result in 
Wednesday’s referendum was 
52 per cent in favour and 39 
per cent against staying in 
Nato in a 59 per cent national 

More reports, page 5 
Leading article, page 13 

More money 
and time 
for new exam 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education, yester- 
day announced measures to 
ensure that schools are pre- 
pared for the. new GC5E 
examination (Lucy Hodges 

An extra £20m will be spent 

on books and equipment, and 
£200.000 on more teacher 
training, including allowing 
schools TO close for two days 

Courses start this autumn 
for the examination, which 
^places O levels and C5E. 
Teachers and local autbonnes 
complained that more prepa- 
ration was needed. 

UK push for home holidays 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

To meet -increasingly fierce 
competition from foreign holi- 
days, the British home holi- 
days industry Is spending 
around £1 billion on bra 
projects, np by at least a tenth 
compared with 12 months r 
The tourist boards of 
gland. Northern Ireland, Scot- 
land and Wales yesterday 
made their Orel joint appraisal 
of the new drive to improve 
resort and other tourism facili- 
ties and attractions. They also 
launched the United Kingdom 
Holiday Bureau, which will 
mount a campaign to increase 
the popularity of UK holidays. 

Last year is being claimed 
as a record, for domestic 
with niit #»f tm 

Britons taking some break in 
the UK. It Is estimated that 
<me in five Britons now takes 
two or more holidays a year. 
Home holidays still outpace 
foreign ones in popularity. 

The boards plan to spend 
moretfcan £11.5 million this 
year on promotion in the home 
market, up a tenth on last 
year. Promotional spending by 
local authorities and private 
sector interests is also expect- 
ed to rise. 

Bui promotion of UK holt- 
’days still fells well behind that 
devoted to foreign breaks. On 
advertising alone the best 
estimate is that rather more 
than £90 millkm was spent on 
selling them, about four rimes 

that spot promoting UK holi- 

The boards are optimistic 
for several reasons, including 
the huge investment by the 
industry, more imaginative at- 
tractions and the greater num- 
ber of UK holidays being 
packaged and sold through 
high street travel agents. 

Mr Prys Edwards, the 
Wales Tourist Board chair- 
man,' speaking for the Holiday 
Bureau said: “The UK’s tour- 
ism industry is well, placed to 
compete ... We shall win 
them with our beaches, we 
shall woo them with our 
quality hotels and refurbished 
holiday centres." 

Postage price 
freeze stays 
until July 

The Post Office has extend- 
ed its price freeze on first and 
second class postage by three 
months until July in an at- 
tempt to attract jnore custom- 
ers (Our Technology Cor- 
respondent writes). 

According to Sir Ron 
Dearing, chairman of the Post 
Office: “We decided in the 
interests of our customers, 
and in the hope of encourag- 
ing greater usage of the post, 
that the extension of the price 
reduction would be justified. 

’The extension until July 
does not mean the Post Office 
has decided that prices will be 

At thnl " 

Tories accused 
of purging 
chairmen who 
criticize NHS 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Health authority chairmen 
who have criticized govern- 
ment or regional policy to- 
wards the National Health 
Service are finding themselves 
replaced in the present round 
of appointments and reap- 
pointments to the 190 health 

Mr Robin Wood, chairman 
of Leeds Western Health Au- 
thority. who has fiercely criti- 
cized " Yorkshire Regional 
Health Authority's policies, 
has not been reappointed 
despite a letter protesting at 
the decision from more than 
50 consultants at the Leeds 
Royal Infirmary. 

Mr John Bell, chairman of 
Airedale Health Authority, 
and described by colleagues as 
an '‘extremely fair and sound 
chairman", is being replaced 
despite being considered suffi- 
ciently able to have been 
elected chairman of the influ- 
ential Yorkshire chairmen's 

Dr John Todd, chairman of 
Canterbury and Thanei 
Health Authority, has also 
been replaced after speaking 
out about the financial diffi- 
culties his district was facing. 

Ministers are also known to 
have been extremely reluctant 
to reappoint Mr Nick Cowan, 
chairman of West Lambeth 
Health Authority, after he 
spoke out over' cuts at St 
Thomas's teaching hospital in 

Mr Cowan, a Conservative 
voter, resigned earlier this 
week over his authority's re- 
fusal to turn over a ward ro 
private patients to help in- 
crease the authority’s income. 

But rumours that he was not 
to be reappointed had led to 
protests to Mr Newman 
Fowler. Secretary of State for 
Social Services, by health 
authority members, consul- 
tants and MPs. 

Mr S3in Dougherty, chair- 
man of Wandsworth Health 
Authority, is expected to be 
replaced by Mr Don 
Cruickshank. managing direc- 
tor of the Virgin records and 
airline group, in an appoint- 
ment expected to be one of the 
more controversial of the 
**new blood" appointments. 

Mr Wood, of Leeds Western 
Health Authority, a Conserva- 
tive voter, described the way 
in which chairman who had 
spoken up for their districts 
were being removed as inept. 

Mr Wood said he had not 
criticized government policy. 
"I have always taken the view 
that we have’ an obligation to 
carry out the policies of the 
government in power." 

But Mr Wood said he bad 
described the Yorkshire 
region’s 10-year strategy as 

-niiivlv i nH hari 

utterly abysmal” and bad 
fiercely criticized the region's 
mechanistic approach to fi- 
nancial policy'. He said that 
had also been heavily criti- 
cized by the independent in- 
quiry’ into the food poisoning 
outbreak at the Stanley Royd 
psychiatric hospital in Wake- 
field. ■ 

The region had had to 
withdraw its strategy docu- 
ment. he said, and his criti- 
cisms of financial policy had 
been shown to "entirely 
justified” by the Stanley Royd 

Public fear 
on nuclear 

By Our Parliamentary Staff 

Further developments in 
the nuclear power industry in 
the UK. are in danger of 
becoming inhibited by public 
mistrust. Lord Marshall, 
chairman of the Central Elec- 
tricity Generating Board said 

He told a House of Lords 
Committee investigating’ Eu- 
ropean Commission plans for 
nuclear power developments 
in Europe that the mistrust 
had been fuelled by incidents 
such as those at Sellafield 

He said: "The degree of 
concern expressed by the me- 
dia in the l^K. has been out of 
proportion to the seriousness 
of the incident, judged against 
any objective assessment of 
danger to health or safety, or 
compared to the media re- 
sponse to comparable inci- 
dents arising in other 

Bui he said public opinion 
appeared to have been influ- 
enced in the same direction. 
Until confidence in the fuel 
processing end of the cycle 
could be restored, this would 
lend to inhibit new nuclear 

• Lord Marshall contrasted 
the British aniiude, to that of 
the French public where nu- 
clear power had been widely 
accepted because the French 
saw no reasonable alternative. 

Bui he said the nuclear 
industry could not escape all 
the blame. There had been 
some failure to appreciate that 
management and public rela- 
tions policies must be shaped 
to respond to public percep- 
tion of risk as well as to the 
actual level of risk. 

Leading article, page 13 

NT ban 
on lead 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

The National Trust, the 
largest private landowner in 
England, decided yesterday to 
protect swans by banning lead 
fishermen's weights from its 
hundreds of miles of river 

It is also to support an 
"amnesty" being organized by 
the Wildfowl Trust in the 
coming coarse fishing season 
w hen anglers will be asked to 
hand in their own lead weights 
and any they find. 

Research by the Nature 
Conservancy’ Council has 
shown that lead weights every 
year kill hundreds of Britain's 

swan population of about 
20,000, The birds' habit of 
scooping up Food From river- 
beds means that they swallow 
some of the small lead 

Alternatives made from 
metals like tungsten can cost 
much more than lead and 
cannot always be clamped so 
easily onto the lines that they 
are to weigh down. 

The National Trust issues 
hundreds of anglers' permits 
each year and owns some 
highly-prized stretches of wa- 
ter including the Wey naviga- 
tion in Surrey and much of the 
Thames at Rnnnymede. 

The Government has threat- 
ened to ban lead weights next 
year if voluntary curbs do not 

• Bryant and May. the match 
makers, yesterday announced 
a £250,000 investment in an- 
gling, including £10,000 for 
research at Liverpool Univer- 
sity - on weights that do not 
poison wildlife. 

Chandler in chess lead 

By Harry Golombek, Chess Correspondent 

After all second round 
games in the GLC London 
Chess Challenge. Murray 
Chandler, the British 
grandmaster, leads with two 
points, ahead of his fellow 
grandmaster Jonathan Mestei 
and the British international 
master Glen Rear. 

In the second round Chan- 
dler won a long game against 
the British world champion- 
ship candidate Nigel Short 

Spassky iv;i M CHupy < 0 > J 
Soeeimatt /".■) *?. J Nunn i*W *-s J iO» 1. B Larsen «*»ri O. M 
Chandler «li Z. N Short (II O. 




No action 

By Michael Hors Dell 

Police have been told by the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions not to prosecute a doctor 
for the rapeofa gjri aged eight, 
it was disclosed yesterday. 

In another case, police are 
to take no. action against a 
vicar for an alleged catalogue 
of sexual assaults against a boy 
because there is no indepen- 
dent evidence against the 
man. - 

A medical examination of 
the girl confirmed that she was 
raped last year and police 
interviewed her assailant for 
more than 12 hours. 

But after the case papers 
were sent to the DPP, it was 
decided the case against the 
doctor should be dropped for 
lack of corroboration. 

Mr Norman St John-Stevas, 
Conservative MP for Chelms- 
ford, who has taken up the 
case, said he expects the 
victim’s mother to press for a 
private prosecution. 

The doctor was not the 
child's GP but was looking 
after her for several days at his 

It is understood that he 
refused to answer police ques- 

The girl suffered ‘‘horrific” 
internal injuries, according to 
the report of the family's GP, 
and continues to suffer from 
psychological damage. 

Police said yesterday that 
the case will be reviewed in the 
fight of any further evidence. 

The General Medical Coun- 
cil refused to confirm or deny 
the case. 

It is unusual for a child 
under the age of 14 to give 
evidence under oath. A court 
may be satisfied that a child's 
evidence is reliable bur gener- 
ally it would have to be 
corroborated by another wit- 

The matter of the admissi- 
bility of a child's evidence is to 
be raised in Parliament in 
questions to the Attorney 
General, Sir Michael Havers, 
by Mr Geoffrey Dickens. Con- 
servative MP* 

That comes after an allega- 
tion that a vicar sexually 
assaulted a boy aged 1 1 over 
an 18-month period. 

Police have also decided in 
that case not - to prosecute 
because there is no corrobora- 

Mr Dickens said 
yesterday:**ln this latest case 
the boy's mother told me that 
her son was regularly and 
seriously sexually assaulted by 
this vicar. The boy was loo 
frightened and ashamed to 
mention it and it came to light 
only because of the injuries he 

The boy's mother said yes- 
terday that when she tele- 
phoned the vicar he said:‘You 
should not be accusing me. 
You should be forgiving me.' 

« * 


Mr Richard Boots, an Exeter businessman, with his latest charter v^seKan Argentine giro- 
boat The 90ft boat originally named lslas Malvinas, was seized by the Navy during the 
FafkJands conflict. Now called Tiger Bay, H was sold to Mr Boom for a fivefigure sum two 
weeks ago, and he plans to charter it to people looking for ou. 

Power and money in local government 

Lambeth Red Flag to go 

By Cotin Hughes, Local Government Correspondent 

Conservative councillors in 
Lambeth are planning to open 
the books on the Town Hall's 
past four years and tear down 
political posters and publicity 
hoardings when they take 
control for five weeks next 

Labour members are ex- 
pected to decide against ap- 
pealing against the recent 
High Court decision that they 
should be surcharged and 

disqualified for five years for 
delay in setting a rate last year. 

But they will not announce 
their decision until the 28 days 
allowed for appeal has lapsed. 

This is expected because 
they cannot afford further 
legal costs over a battle that 
few anticipate winning. 

That wUl mean most of the 
Labour group having to move 
out of Lambeth Town Hall on 
April 3. giving the Conserve- 

Plan to pay councillors 
studied by Labour 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

The Labour Party is study- 
ing a plan to pay local council- 
lors rather than give them 

Its cost could nm into 
millions of pounds, but senior 
Labour figures believe that it 
would give an important boost 
to local government and help 
to attract members of groups 
such as women, young people, 
and blacks and Asians who are 
badly represented. 

A working party under the 
chairmanship of Mr John 
Cunningham; Labour's chief 
environment spokesman, who 
favours the principle of paid 
councillors, is expected to 
report iu July. 

It Is considering whether all 
councillors should be paid, or 
whether payment should be 

restricted to those in senior 
posts, such as council chair- 
men and leaders, and commit- 
tee chairmen, many of whom 
already have to work almost 
on a foJJ-titne basis. 

All councillors are entitled 
to receive an attendance allow- 
ance of np to £16 a day ora fi- 
nancial loss allowance of up to 
£24 a day. Those in senior 
posts receive a special respon- 
sibility allowance of up to 

Labour MPs know of cases 
where councillors have been 
threatened with dismissal 
from their jobs because of the 
amount of time they have to 
devote to their council work. 

There are about 400 coun- 
cils in Britain with about 
25,000 council members. 

lives control until after the 
borough elections on May 9. 

“In that time we will be able 
to make only cosmetic 
changes, but they will be 
gestures of our intent”. Mrs 
Mary Leigh, the Conservative 
group leader, said. 

"Our first action will be to 
remove the Red Flag over the 
Town Hail, and all the plac- 
ards and posters on the clock 
tower and around it. If we 
can't get council officers to do 
it, we will have to hire 

"We will also immediately 
stop all the proposed name 
changes which the Labour 
group have been planning 
recently, such as renaming 
Brockwell Park after an im- 
prisoned South African. 

“The next thing win be to 
expose some of the things 
which have been going on, 
such as the political intimida- 
tion of officers in some depart- 
ments by union 
representatives. In one case 
we have had reports of 
people's offices being occu- 
pied in an attempt to force 
them out of their jobs. 

"dearly that kind of thing 
has gone stop”. . 

Labour in Lambeth hold a- 
slender overall majority of 
four seats, and are vulnerable 
to the threat of defeat in the 
May elections, followed by the 
possibility of a Conservative 
administration, or coalition 
between Conservatives and 
Alliance members. 

Labour confident 
of Fulham victory 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

After weeks of campaigning, 
the Fulham by-election finally 
got underway officially yester- 
day, with the Labour camp 
exuding confidence and pre- 
dicting a comfortable victory 
on April 10. 

Mr Roy Hattersley, shadow 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
speaking in the marginal 
south-west London constitu- 
ency hours before the poll writ 
was moved in the Commons, 
said: "We are going to win and 
I think we will win substan- 
tially. It will have a snowball 
effect for the party.” 

Mr Nick Raynsford, the 
Labour candidate, who is 
quoted at 6-4 on to win by 
Ladbrokes, has to overcome a 
Conservative majority of less 
than 5,000 at the last general 
election. If he wins it will 
represent Labour’s first by- 
election victory in London for 
29 years. 

With unemployment in Ful- 
ham running at 12.9 per cent 
compared to 4.5 per cent in 
1979. and male unemploy- 
ment at 17 per cent Mr 
Hattersley launched Labour’s 
campaign by unveiling a £6.8 
billion jobs package. 

"It is possible for us to 
create a million new- jobs in 

two years. It will not be easy. 
But if we make that objectivea 
primary ambition ana put all 
other aspirations into second 
place, it can be done,” he said. 

He said that the shadow 
Cabinet nad decided last week 
that a future Labour Govern- 
ment would concentrate na- 
tional resources on job 

Mr Hattersley said that the 
Budget should contain a job 
creation programme o£ 

• £1 billion a year on public 
sector capital programmes, 
which would reduce the job- 
less by almost 70.000 in two 

mil billion on improved 
public sector services, which 
would cut the number of 
registered unemployed by 
about 100,000 in two years. 

• Reduced employers’ Na- 
tional Insurance contribu- 
tions. and so reducing the 
unemployed by 200,000 in 
two yeare at a cost of £1.5 

• Acceptance of the Com- 
mons Employment Select 
Committee recommendation 
to guarantee jobs for the long- 
term unemployed, which 
would reduce unemployment 
by 750,000 over three years. 



We regrettably announce mat due to proMOTve and unobtainabte insurance rates currently 
affecting shipments in and around the i Gulf. valued in excess of £10,000.000. 



rags and runners... 

and others from the more important weaving centres of die East, 
being an ancient art farm which were accumulated in both Europe and the United States for 
exhibition and repatriation to the following countries of Iran, Iraq and Turkey. 

Due to these uni or seen circumstances and the economic unfeasfbifity the project has been 
irrevocably cancelled and wtmst the rugs were being held in transit in Her Majesty's Bonded 
warehouses. Heathrow Airport and others, they now have been removed and must be disposed of 
immediately by Auction. 

Due to die vast number of pieces and value involved the suctions have been divided into sixteen 
separate collections thus affording everyone an equal opportunity to acquire one or more of these 

The goods have now been removed from the warehouses to a more convenient location being 
REMBRANDT HOTEL. Tburioe PL London SW7. 

The first session wrtJ be held on SATURDAY, 15th March 1986. at 11 am. Preview from 9.30 am. 
Second session at 3.30 pm. Preview from 2.00 pm. 

Payment wtu be accepted in Storting, U.S. or Canadian Dollars, Swiss Francs. Deutsch Marks, or 
French Francs and a# major Credit Cards with |J). 

Packing mb toraadtng baton er m O obl e tonhoae wttMng to im-trxpm Bmk mgs. 


Tel: 01-794 5912. 

Council to 
ban elderly 
for fighting 

Fights between pensioners 
at council-run day centres for 
the elderly in Wales have led 
to tough new rules in an 
attempt to keep the peace. 

Cynon Valley council. 
South Wales, has threatened 
to ban unruly pensioners from 
its day centres after two men 
aged in their 80s swapped 
blows in a fight over a game of 

In another incident, a 
grandfather, aged 72. allegedly 
punched a woman aged in her 
60s on the nose in an argu- 
ment about a coat 

“Most of our pensioners are 
quiet and respectable, but 
there is a fighting tradition in 
the valleys and Welshmen 
tend to put up their fists when 
things are not to their liking.” 
Mr Evan Evans, the council 
officer who will supervize the 
rules, said yesterday. 

for pickets 




By Richard Evans 
and Michael HorsneQ 

The Prime Minister told the 
Commons last night that she 
regretted injuries to two dem- 
onstrators caused by a lorry 
outside the News Internation- 
al plant at Wapping, east 
Loudon, on Wednesday night 

But she called on the Labour 
MP who raised the issue to 
express similar sympathy for 
the 79 police officers injured 
on the picket line at Wapping. 

Later Mr Peter Shore, 
shadow Leader of the House, 
who witnessed what he termed 
the "deplorable and 
daugerons” incident, called for 
an early statement from Mr 
Douglas Hurd, Home Secre- 

Mr Martin O'Neill, MP for 
Clackmannan, told Mrs 
Thatcher that a lorry had 
charged through a group of 
speakers, including ■ Privy 
Councillors and members of 
the shadow Cabinet, outside 
the Wapping plant. 

The Prime Minister said: "I 
regret this incident in which 
two demonstrators at 
Wapping suffered injuries and 
I am gkd to say that the 
injuries were slight Two po- 
lice officers also suffered mi- 
nor injuries. 

"I hope Mr O'Nefll will 
express sympathy for the 79 
police officers injured on the 
picket line at Wapping.” ' 

Print union leaders will 
continue their campaign for 
the reinstatement of 6,000 
print workers when they bold 
further talks next week with 
Mr Bruce Matthews, the 
company's managing director. 

The management of Mr 
Robert Maxwell's Scottish 
Daily Record yesterday issued 
dismissal notices to the 
paper's 1 ,000 workers. 

The paper has felled to 
appear for four days in a print 
union "right of reply” dispute. 

In a letter to staff Mr Vic 
Horwood. the chief executive, 
raid that rival papera. with the 
co-operation of their own 
unions.' had "jumped in to 
take advantage”. . 

He raid the letter to staff 

W3s “protective notice of 

Publication of tbe Record 
was halted on Sunday night, in 
8 row over a leader article that 
was to have appeared in 
Monday's paper, critical both 
of Sogat and of a Scottish 
Labour Party attack on the 
"union busting, profit- 
maximising” actions of Mr 

The publisher has said pro- 
duction of the paper will not 
resume until be has an apolo- 
gy from Mr Allan Watson, a 
Sogat Scottish official, for an 
“unlawful act of censorship” 
and a written guarantee from 
him of no interference in 
editorial freedom. 

The row is the latest in a 
series at the paper about Mr 
Maxwell's plans for 300 re- 
dundancies, and economies, 
which he claims are essential if 
the paper and its sister. The 
Sunday Mail, are to have a 
viable future. 

Journalists yesterday con- 
demned the damage to the 
Record " by m an ag ement's sui- 
cidal methods or forcing the 
Staff to accept without negoti- 
ation Draconian measures of 
cost cutting, including mas- 
sive redundancies”. 

close in 

By Lucy Hodges 
and Craig Settm 

Schools closed across Ex* 
giami and Wales for the lunch 
break yesterday as head teaca- 
os took their first national 
industrial' action ow wim 
meal supervision. 

Children were seta home or 
roamed the streets after heads 
bad locked the school gates. 
But many schools, particularly 
in rural areas, .stayed open 
because members of the Na- 
tional Association of Head 
Teachers did not Mow the 

recommendation. • 

In CoDsa'affwo-controUed 
Solihull only one head out of 
100 took action in defiance of a 
reminder from ’the authority 
that- he-had a duty to keep the 
school open. mi 

Mr Gordon Kirkpatrick, 
aged 49, head of Dozridge 
junior School, left the school 
at lunchtime but the authority 
brought in. three officers to 
supervise the pupils and meals 
were served normally. 

A former president of tbe 
NAHT in Solihull, be feces 
possible disciplinary actios at 
a governors' meeting today. 

Schools In Dorset, Shrop- 
shire the Outer London 
borough of Richmond were 
open to children at loach as 
normal yesterday. 

Most schools in Lmcstn- 
shire were also operating at 
midday. In . Hampshire and 
Leicestershire the picture was 

Only 39 of the 351 schools m 
Hereford and Worcester were 
dosed for lunch. But In the 
metropolitan areas more 
schools shut down. 

Mrs Jeanne Leeke, presi- 
dent-elect of the NAHT and 
head of a Birmingham junior 
school, daimed that mere than 
half her 370 members in tbe 
city had dosed their schools. 
More than half- the 
association's members fix Dud- 
ley, West Midlands, had also 
taken action. 

“We feel very angry that we 
have had to take dtis step 
because we have always been 
loyal employees,” she said. 

The NAHT wants a nation- 
ally negotiated agreement on 
midday supervision rather 
than the present situation in 
which authorities are prepar- 
ing local schemes and bidding 
for £40 million in government 

• The National Union of 
Teachers said, yesterday that 
teachers'- iniens throughout 
the worid had written to Mrs 
Thatcher Mid Sir EefthJe- 
seph, Secretary of State' for 
Education and Science, sup- 
porting their campaign for fair 
pay and more resources. 

waiting to go home 
a school in London 

Police to 


on march 

pop * 


j'' * * 

Mr Ken Livingstone, leader 
of the Greater London Coun- 
cil. will be interviewed by 
notice today in connection - 
with allegations that he took ■ 
pan in -an 'Sfejgd astnrti in ■ 
Londonderry, Northern ire- ~ 
land, in January- ' ' * 

Mr Livingstone issued a * 
statement yesterday saying;., 
that he had agreed to be - 
interviewed at Ccmmy Hall in 
London bv a senior officer 
from Scotland Yard who is .« 
inquiring on behalf of the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary. > 

Labour move 
over Militant 

Six membera of the taboo? 
Baity fece expulsion -if it if*' 
proved ito iliy ate members. t 
of.tbe Militant Tendency. 

Tbe six have been sum— 
mooed to appear before the.,; 
executive of the Mansfiew'. 
Labour Party. Nottingham- , 
shire, io answer the charge. - ; 
They admit selling copies of 
Militant tel deny being mem- 
here of Militant Tendency. • v» 


A kidnapper who tortured?: 
his victim with a hot iron was 
jafied for three and a half yean 
vesientey at - York Crown 
Court. • 

Jimmy Johnson, aged 27, a 
self employed motor mechan- 
ic. formerly of Broadraead 
Way, West Denton Newcastle, 
with an accomplice- had held 
Mr Harban Smgh JassaL a 
wealthy businessman, prison- 
er iaa boteL The accomplice* 
was jaded last . August but* ' 
Johnses was free for a year . 
before giving himself up. 

Drug charges t 

Kenneth Wilcox, a prison’' 
officer of Mount Pleasant,, . 
Rhondda. Mid Glamorgan, .. 
appeared in a Cardiff court;, j 
yesterday charged with con* 
spiring id supply drop to: t 
prisoners in Caitiff Prison. - ■ 

£8m EEC aid 

The EEC is to give another ^ 

£8 million for job creation ^ 
programmes for redundant % 
British steelworkers in Ctevc-,,j 
land. Clwyd, Gwent. Humber- 
side. South Yorkshire and,,* r 
Strathclyde. . 

BBC success ~ 

The BBCs- Edge xf Dark 
nessdx&OA series, nominated^ 
for H“1 BAFTA awards, has ,2 
been sold to seven indepen-'-'i 
dent, commercial tetevisiot>-o 
stations in America. 

to [ 

V . 


NUM votes 

Tbe National Union of’’ 
Mineworkerc voted by 9ff226 ‘; 
to 9,958 yesterday in favour of 
continuing to contribute to a 
political fond. . . 

Race case 


An attempt by Camden 
council in north London to 
evict a family alleged to have 
committed acts or racial ha^. 
rassmem. was postponed at*; 
Bloomsbury County ' Courts 
yesterday to give the family 4 
more time to prepare its case: * 


rad tO di 

, . v . . 

MP to stand ‘ 

Mr Michael McNair-WiR, 
son, Tory MP for Newbury^ 
Berkshire, who has lb have., 
kidney dialysis treatment, has 
confirmed that be will fight 

the next General Election. 

. ' . 

ro te tub Tint — m— '£• • 

Austria Sch 29: Befttfum B FB Bft> 
Canada S2.7C: Canarle& P»-ZOO: 
Cyprus TO m»Su- Denmark raw- 9.0ft' F* 
Ftniasd Mkk 9 OO: France Fes 8 00“* 
Gmwnsr DM 3 50: CtoraRar ftOPv- 
CiwwDr ISO: Holland Cl 5.50; lns*l 
Republic dot*, nab/ l 2.700. Lux 

bouro jjr as: Madeira e* 170: Magr^ 

35c; Morocco Dtr lOQO: NarwayH 
900; nkkun Bps 18; Portugal Be 
17Q-. Singapore ~S&. BO: Soam oev 200 : 
Sweden. Bkr 9.00: - Switzerland *S 

- - — ug^ 

Francs 3.00: junta a Dm SO.C 
SI. 75: Yowbm ran 400. 


Ferry services halted 
by hospital protest 



Ferry services at most Brit- 
ish ports were’ severely dis- 
rupted yesterday as members 
of the National Union of 
Seamen staged a 24-hour 
strikein protest at plans to 
close the Dreadnought 
Seamen's Hospital at Green- 
wich. south-east London. 

Both Sealinkand Townsend 
Tboiesen reported no sailings 
from Dover and Folkestone; 
except for a Belgian-crewed 
vessel to and from Ostend. 

Scalink services ■ linking 
Fishguard and Holyhead with 
the Irish Republic were at a 
standstill biit B and i, the Irish 
line, was accepting Sea link 
bookings. There were no 
Sealink services between 
Stranraer, south-west . Scot- 
land, and Northern Ireland 

The Dutch were providing j ■ 
ail services to and from Har-”: 
wich. . while Sea {ink'S*’ 
Newhaven-Dieppe service.' « 
which is French manned, was *** 

not affected. 

Townsend Thoresen reporW 
ed no sailings from Felixstow^ 
and ■ only'.- 
fromPortsmoutfa- The NU££ 
said that 85 ferries, freigbCj 
cargo and North Sea .supply ; 
boats were at a standstill. ‘ 

‘ The 113-year-old Green-, 
wich hospital . is due to: dos£ 
on April 1 with the transfer at. 
seafarers to a 60-bed unit at Si 
Thomas'. Hospital, London. 

Mr Jim Slater, NUS general 
secretary, said: ‘"The oyes 
whelming : support for thft; 
stoppage is proof of the anger# 
felt by seamen r 


01 the 


V* > i.,.. 

If . ' r- 

Continued from page 1 

increasing troop levels in the 
province to their highest level 
iu three years. 

The complete battalion of 
550 men from the 1st Battalion 
Royal Greepjackets will be in 
the north within tbe next 48 
hows to assist in border 
security duties aad help pro- 
tect isolated RUC stations. 

Since the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment was signed last Novem- 

ber an extra two battalions 
have now been flown to the 
north bringing troop levels to 

The soldiers will be based in 
largely Protestant areas east 
of the River Bann in the 
counties of Antrim. Down and 
Apnagb but a small number 
will be drafted into London- 
derry and the north-west. • 

The Army last night played 
down tbe significance of tire 
troop arrivals, particularly as 
it was known at the end of last 

month that another battalion 
was awaiting orders to be sent 
into the province. 

- Air anoy spokesman saidr 
“We think it is better to meet 
our requirements by deploying 
extra soldiers rather than 
imposing undue workloads ou 
those, already . heavily 

ft is thought that the battal- 
ion previously based - « 
Tidwortb m Hampshire and 
which ended* two-year tom -of 
duty in the north in November - 

. 1983 wiB be in the province fori 
four months. • ‘ ‘ ^ 

: About ' 1400 . extra froeps 
that have now beat Gown uttar^ 
the north since January areou^ 
doty prot e cting RUG station**) 
which bore the brunt of a £ 
series of PnmsionaJ IRA at; ^ ~ 
tacks last whites-.: The .soWiersi 0 
are. also guarding- thfereston£q 
tkm- -‘work -taking .’ place - at* 
stations that were destroyed-* 
and dunaged. tn. the bombing 

CaXfiDftHUL. i. > 

Parades warning, page 4 

V» i 


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groups should be 


By Hugh Clayton, Enrirouinent Correspondent 
Noise , laws are failing .10 
protect the public against 
“acoustic intrusion’' andneed 

Lightening, the Npise Council 
laud in ns first public state- 
ment yesterday. 

fbntied by - institutes of health 
and enforcement officers be-. 

of the growth in conv 
plaints about noise. 'It is 
meant to replace the Noise 
Advisory Council, a quango 

1 -aijf j i, r ' 
f .' J 4 

chairman of the council, 

“I would like io have a go at 
pop groups". 

Mr Michael Ankers, assis- 
tant director of environmental 
health at Manchester City 

Council, said; “Nationally wt 
fail .to recognize that a lot of 
low-level distress is. caused 
that would cause an outcry if it 
was a low. level, of chemical 
exposure. - 

the new council, said that the 
thousands of noise complaints 
made to local authorities 
showed that . many people 
were annoyed, by noise made 
by others. . ; 

But the council showed in 
its first report that there was a 
large gap between what the law 
demanded and what could be 

The council has been 

Environmental health offi- 
cere, who enforced the tews, 
had no police powers to stop 
and search suspects, the report 
S” “If the person is not 
known or refuses to cooperate, 
then the matter cannot 
proceed” Council members 
listed several types of noise 
which often caused annoy- 
ance. • 

Household noise: Thin walls 
fiats and 

equipment have 

telped to push up the number, 
of com plaints more than ten- 
fold in the past 15 years. 
“Building regulations have 
failed to solve the problems of 
poor sound insulation in mod- 
ern properties". Dr Leventhal 

Cassette players: ' Almost 
2,000 complaints made to 
local councils last year about 
street noise,- often caused by 
cassette players, led to 35 

convictions, "it is a question 
of catching them at it”, Dr 
Leventhal . said “The only 
people available to do the 
catching are the overworked 
environmental . health 

Building sites: The council's 
report suggested that builders’ 
satisfaction with council en- 
forcement. efforts indicated 
that they were too feeble. 
"Neighbourhood noise levels 
are unnecessarily elevated" 
Motorcycles: “Everybody 
knows it is a major problem, 
but constructioo-aiKkise reg- 
ulations demand complicated 
testing of silencers," Mr 
Ankers said Dr Leventhal 
said people suffered because 
laws on all types -of traffic 
noire were ignored 
Noise at work: The law bad 
been used “sporadically and 
inconsistently”, the report 
said There was enough law to 
ensure adequate protection, 
but too tittle" enforcement 
because of “the depletion of 
the strength and resources of 
the factory inspectorate at area 



By Judith Huntley 

A new company has- been 
set up to provide mortgages to 
higher income home buyere in 
the South-east 

The Household Mortgage 
Corporation aims to provide 
£L billion of mortgages within 
three years of itsT launch in. 
September. • 

The company will join the 
growing ranks of those in the 
insurance and financial ser- 
vices fields offering mortgages 

Hie corporation will initiate 
business through the top ten 
insurance companies in the 
UK. estate agents and mort- 
gage brokers. It says that it can 
offer competitive mortgage 
terms because it does not have 
to bear the expensive over- 

Mortgages of under £1 5,000 
will not be considered and the 


per cent of the value of the 
property. . 

But. the corporation says ft 
can turn around 
applications within . 24 ’hodis. : 
Its terms are likely to be based 
on. a formula- linked to bank- 
base rates. 

The novel aspect of 
corporation's operation is that 
it will raise money by selling 
mortgage-backed securities- 

feel pinch 

By Patrida Clough 

Britain's economy may be 
picking up but the effects have 
not reached the chewing gum- 
stuck pockets of the nation's 
offspring. For the third year 
running cutbacks are due in 
spending on stink bombs and 
jelly, babies. . 

The Pocket Money Monitor 
conducted far Waff's Ice 
Cream shows the average 
weekly income, comprising 
pocket money, earamgs and 
gifts, of tbd 10 nriUiou children, 
aged between five and 16 is 
£1.94p, 5 per cent Hp on last 
year but naming more than 1 
per emit behind infiadom 
Parents are being more 
generous; average weekly 
pocket money is op 7 per cent 
to £l,17p, alftfisgEa it is still 
below .the .1983 record of 
£1.22. But friends and rela- 
tives are bring slightly tighter- 
fisted and earnings from paper 
rounds and odd jobs-are down 

The mohitoc, which is bom- 
dneted each year* continues, to 
undermine the reputation of 
Scots for parsimony. Scottish 
parents, friend* imd relathms 
are the : most generous with 
pocket money and gifts, al- 
though. children from the 
North-west are the most affln-; 
ent overall. . 

Vegetarian diet may 
‘lead to deficiency’ 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

‘A vegetarian diet can signif- 
icantly reduce the incidence of 
a number of diseases related to 
meat fibre intake, according to 
a report published yesterday. 

Bin, at the same time, a 
, leading -nutritionist told a * 
< jj London conference that those 
who ate no food of animal 
origin might be at risk of 

(Professor John Gatford, 
professor of health education 
and health promotion at the 
University ofWales College of 
] .Medicine, said that meat was 
/an important component of a 

healthy diet, and a valuable 
source of protein, iron, zinc 
and vitamin BIZ 

The first report by Professor 
John Dickerson, head of nutri- 
tion and food science at the 
University of Surrey, and Dr 
Jill Davies, senior lecturer in 
food and nutrition at the 
South Bank Polytechnic, 
found that vegetarians spent 
about one-fifth of the time in 
hospital as meat eaters. 

Among vegetarians “firing 
pan in the study, there were 
no cases of hernia, diabetes or 
coronary thrombosis. 

hit by cosh 

From Tim Jones 

Spanish hostility over the 
Falklands campaign led to a 
badly-burned British survivor 
of the conflict being coshed by 
a security guard when he tried 
to enter a discotheque in 

Mr Simon Weston, aged 23, 
a former Welsh Guardsman, 
described yesterday how his 
first holiday since the war 
turned into two weeks of 
tension Mien some Spaniards 
realized bow he came by his 
injuriesJfe had gone to Tener- 
ifeas part of his rehabilitation. 

Mr Weston, named recently 
as a Man of the Year, was 
aboard the Sir Galahad when 
it .was hit and turned into a 
blazing inferno. Fifty men 
were killed, and 67 injured. 

Since then Mr Weston spent 
hasmonths having his face 
and hands reconstructedJie 
said: “When some of the 
Spaniards realized I- had been 
down to the .Falklands and 
that's why -1 looked the way . I 
did they started giving me a 

After coshing him, the secu- 
rity guard “men stuck his 
pistol into my ribs. I took off. 
After all discretion is the 
better part of valour." 

On another, occasion, he 
was shunned at a restaurant 
after a wai ter asked him how 
his face had been scarred. 
“The waiter said ‘Las 
Malvinas' and I replied ‘yes 
the Falklands’." The waiter 
walked away without taking 
his order. 

But Mr Weston said that he 
had received a marvellous 
reaction from British 
tourists/Tt was my first real 
break since the Falklands and 
it was definitely worth it It 
won't stop me going on holi- 
day again although I wouldn't 
go to another Spanish area." 

Mrs Pauline Hatfield, his 
mother, said: “It's true that 
Simon, did. meet a certain 
amount of hostility the first 
week he was there but overall 
he enjoyed die holiday." 

His holiday .was paid for by 
a well-wisher - 




1 * 

Sony launches 
portable disc 
player in UK 

Sony has decided to launch' 
the world's smallest portable 
disc player, the Discinan, in 
Britain next week. 

The Discman, a compact 
disc hi-fi, allows any track, to 
be* chosen, and the machine 
can also be connected to 
.amplifiers and speakers. It will 
/cost about £260. 

Britain has been chosen 
because sales of compact disc 
players have soared in the past 
few weeks. Sony expect ft to be 
^successful as the Walkman, 
fivf million of which have 
been sold worldwide since its 
introduction five years ago. 

Mother strangled her 
baby in hospital 

A Birmingham mother 
strangled her 15-day-old son 
on the floor of a hospital 
lavatory.the city’s Crown 
Court was told yesterday. -• 

- Christine Annesley, aged 
25, of Reservoir Road, Bamt 
Green. Hereford and Wor- 
cester, said she had killed her 
son, James, "to spite" her 
executive husband because 
she did not believe he was 
riving her the support she 
needed, Mr David Crigman, 
for die prosecution, said. 

She later said she hoped her 
actions would mean she 
would be sent to hospital . 
She was sent home from the 

Queen Elizabeth Maternity 
Hospital in Birmingham after 
James was born last Novem- 
ber. But she was readmitted 
some days later wiih the baby. 

When the child was brought 
into her single room to be fed 
she locked herself in the 
adjoining lavatory and stran- 
gled him. 

She was a mother who set 
herself “unattainable ideals 
and was concerned in case she 
fell short", Mr Michael Gar- 
rett for the defence, said. 

She was placed on proba- 
. tion for two years on condi- 
tion-- she continued with 
psychiatric treatment 

End of the road for rare Camargue 

• r** 

The last of tire Rolls-Royce 
Camargues niff roll oat of the 
coachbuiWer’s workshops in 
Crowe next year- The compa- 
ny has decided the raodeFs 
lately future sates would not 
justify the re-n»ffng that 

would be needed if the car was 
. to be redesigned to' nro* 1 

! *•* (opposed European legislation 

IV offlntmor and exterior (Hpjec- 

. tions. . , . 

• When it was bunched m 
. 1975, the Camargue w*s 

hafted as "the most heart** 
, carthar has ever been made • 
f, '“ It- was "the otdy time “that 
Rolls-Royce had employed an 
; *■ outsider; the It** 1 ** 

Pmhrfarfna,:to ffveffie body 
1 design “international styling 



design proved rathar 
do of Its time, and p* 



By Robin Young 

versely has only jnst begun to 
be roguish in America. Rolls- 
Royce's principal export mar- 
ket as the order books are 

Of some 20 Camargues stiff 

to be built only four are 
destined for British customers. 

Abort 500 Camargues hare 

been bmft during the past li 
years, making itoneof Rous-. 
Royce's greater rarities. 

Though tiie company never 
likes t» pnbHcize the people 
who hare purchased its care, 
the. best-known Quugrt •- m 
Britain was certainly that 
owned by the disc-jodtey and 
charity' campaigner, Mr Jim- 
w Sarile. More recently, 
though, he has switched to a 
Silver Spm- 

Apart from its low-slung 

and sporty body, the 
Camaigue's most distinctive 
feature was its split-level folly 
automatic afr-conditioning, 
still claimed to be the most 
sophisticated available. 

At its launch the Camargue 
was priced at £29,250, twice 
the price of ibe standard Sflyer 
Shadow. A year ago its price 
was pegged at £83*122, bat it 
bad been overtaken as the 
company's most expensive 
standard model by the convert- 
ible Corniche, which now sells 
at £92,995. The Corniche, 
originally launched in 1971, 
outsells the Camargue by 
about, three to one. 

The demise of the Cs- 
margne will leave Rolls-Royce 
without a two-door dosed car 
in its range. 

Mr Keith Taylor, sculpture conservator, preparing one of Gilbert’s works for the exhibition (Photograph: Suresh Knradia). 

Royal model found in chest 

By David Hewson 
Arts Correspondent 

The plaster model for one of 
the greatest royal sculpture 
commissions of the past centu- 
ry has been found mouldering 
in a tea chest on the Sandring- 
ham Estate. 

Partly restored, the model 
will be one of the surprises of 
an exhibition at the Royal 
Academy to mark the return of 
the familiar statue of Eros to 
Piccadilly Circus on March- 
24, and the revival of interest 
in its creator. Sir Alfred 

Gilbert, a member of the 
royal circle who later fell into 
debt and was asked to resign 
from the Royal Academy, is 
now best known for Eros, the 
statue that was criticized on 
moral grounds when it was 
unveffed in 1893, partly be- 
cause the Haymarket was then 

Sir Alfred Gilbert 
working in his studio 

a popular place for prostitutes. 

But it was the memorial to 
Queen Victoria's eldest grand- 
son, Prince Albert Victor, 
Dnice of Clarence and 
Avondale, which was the 

greatest commission of the 

Gilbert was reconciled to the 
Royal Family in old age and 
given a studio in Kensington 
Palace. The model for what 
many thought his greatest 
work was bought by Edward 
VH after Gilbert's death in 
1934, and then set aside. 

It remained lost until Mr 
Richard Dorment, who was 
working on a biography of 
Gilbert, visited Sandringham. 

Mr Dorment said that the 
model, fonnd in a tea chest, 
had been affected by water and 
gnawed by rats bat remained 


It will be imveiled on March 
21 with other Gilbert work at 
the RA exhibition organized 
by Mr Dorment. The exhibi- 
tion includes some of the 
plasters from which Eros was 

Ethnic groups 
in community 
radio appeal 

The community radio 
movement is pressing Mr 
Douglas Hurd. Home Secre- 
tary. to award broadcasting 
franchises to stations appeal- 
ing solely to ethnic communi- 

The Home Office is soon to 
announce the names of appli- 
cants who will be allowed to 
run a number of experimental 
community stations. Several 
ethnic groups have applied to 
start networks concentrating 
on black cultural issues and 
minority language broadcasts. 

In a letter to Mr Hurd, the 
Community Radio Associa- 
tion said that there was a need 
to correct discrimination 
against ethnic minorities, par- 
ticularly Afro-Caribbean and 
Asian groups, in the media. 

tells of 

A bishop yesterday told a 
court that satanists in Sussex 
acted out rituals ai the Long 
Man of Wilmington, a figure 
cut into a chalk hillside near 
Eastbourne. East Sussex. 

The Bishop of Lewes, the 
Right Rev Peter Ball, said that 
at first he had thought that 
“people mucked around" with 
the devil, but since the Derry 
Mainwaring Knight case be- 
gan. he realized satanic orga- 
nizations existed and that they 
were “a lot more real". 

“I think that was one of the 
reasons that 1 gave my support 
io Knight as I thought it was a 
rather large case of mucking 
around", the bishop told the 
jury in the satanist trial at 
Maidstone Crown Court. 

However, since then the 
bishop said that he had puz- 
zled in his mind whether the 
Rev John Baker. Rector of 
Newick. East Sussex, who was 
raising money for Mr Knight, 
and whom the bishop com- 
pletely trusted, was right. 

Mr KnighL aged 46. an 
unemployed painter and deco- 
rator. from Dormans Land. 
Surrey, denies 1*? charees of 
obtaining more than £20.000 
by deception from commitied 

He claims he spent the 
money on buying Saianic 
insignia to free himself from 
the control of the devil, but, it 
is alleged, the money went on 
fast cars, prostitutes and girl 

The bishop said he had met 
Mr Knight to encourage him 
in his exit from evil.But he 
had expressed his amazement 
as the amount of money grew 
that he was told had to be 
raised to free Mr Knight from 
the devil's control. 

Mr Knight told the bishop 
about the operation he had as 
a young man to have discs 
inserted in his forehead to 
heighten his control by the 

I he case continues today. 

Y>u can see them most 
evenings in the smarter 
trattorias and brasseries. 

Certainly you can hear them, 
braying at the top of their voices 
with phrases like: 

“Is anyone doing Philips BES 
scheme for importing retsina? 

He raised the first £250,000 over 
three lunches at Sweetings but 
they’ve still got to find another 

They are the new City gents. 
Unnervingly young (25 to 35) 
and unpardonably well paid 
(£75,000 a year minimum) -a 
fact that is not a little irritating 
to those of their age and class 
who have somehow ended up on 
the wrong side of £25,000 p.a. 

In this weeks Spectator 
Nicholas Coleridge thoroughly 
examines their social habits and 

their sources of income, and 
asks whether their future 
will be as rosy as their present. 

Indeed, the rest of this weeks 
Spectator is spectacularly rich. 

John Mortimer makes his 
debut as Hie Spectator diarist, 
Auberon Waugh and Ferdinand 
Mount are on top form, 
and there’s Alan Watkins on 
Michael Foot, William Deedes 
on his first day in Fleet Street 
55 years ago, and Lord Gowrie 
on David Hockney. 

And the best part about it is 
that you can enjoy Hie Spectator 
this and every Friday for less 
than the price of a glass of good 
claret. See your newsagent. 







Pre-Budget exchanges • Labour spending • Nuclear waste 

Labour’s £24b spending plans under fire 

■m M r James Lamond (Oldham ihc basic rate of income-tax, that Labour govern meal of which menL which . introduced ncy he believed I 


With the Budget, a mere live 
' days a»a». Mr Nigel Lawson. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 

• told the Commons that he was 
confident that the rate of infla- 
tion would come down. 

During, the exchanges. Trea- 
sury ministers indulged on sev- 
eral occasions in the wellknown 
expression that MPs should 
await the Budget statement. 
However. Conservative back- 
benchers bombarded ministers 
' about Treasury calculations that 
Labour Party spending pledges. 
sci out in a recent written reply 
by Mr John MacGregor. Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, to- 
talled £24 billion. 

■ Mr MacGregor explained to the 
House that he stuck to that 
figure but that he had written 
the previous day to Mr 
Hattersley admitting that one of 
the figures he had put in should 
be down and another should be 
up. Mr Hattersley had not given 
an alternative figure. 

If ii was going to be much 
lower it would be interesting to 
see which of the Labour spend- 
ing commitments Mr Hattersley 
was going to knock out. What 
was interesting was that Mr 
Hattersley did not wish to deny 
the figure of £24 billion. Mr 
Lawson at one stage said it was 
interesting the Labour Party had 
not been able to deny the 
accuracy of that costing. 

Mr James Lamond (Oldham 
Central and Royion. Lab) said 
Conservative MPs were trying 
to make the figure stick by 
constantly repeating it as though 
a lie constantly repeated became 
the truth. 

The issue of Labour's spend- 
ing was raised when Mr Lawson 
was asked during question time 
what he estimated would be the 
additional revenue in the year 
NSfr-87 if the marginal race of 
tax on personal incomes in 
excess of £30.000 was in- 
creased to 1 OO per cent. 

Indix idual taxable incomes in 
excess of £30.000 (he replied) 
total some £3.5 billion of which 

almost £2 billion -is already paid 
in income-tax. The theoretical 
additional yield of lOO percent 
tax on this slice of income would 
he about £1.5 billion, but che 
actual yield would be closer to 
zero as relatively few people are 
prepared to work for nothing. 

Mr Christopher Chope 
(Southampton. Itchen. C): It is a 
grave deception for any poli- 
tician to suggest that a public 
expenditure programme of an 
additional £24 billion could be 
financed merely by taxing the 
bctter-ofT. It really means that 
those on even well below av- 
erage earnings would have to 
pay substantially higher in- 

Mr Lawsoir. That is right. He is 
on the ball. There is an alter- 
native. it is possible, because 
they have said they will not raise 

the basic rate of income-tax, that 
they might have recourse to 
VAT- In which case, arithmeti- 
cally they would require a 4 1 per 
ccni rate’ of VAT. 

Mr lan Wrigglesworth (Stock- 
ion South. SDP): The burden of 
taxation on individuals has 
increased under this Govern- 
ment. A recent ministerial reply 
showed that the Government 
would have to reduce the basic 

Labour government of which 
Mr Wngglesworth was a sup- 

The total revenue from tax- 
ation is up because incomes and 
prosperity have increased very 
considerably. As for the future. I 
welcome the feel that he would 
like to see taxes down. So would 

menL which introduced new 
and more punitive capital taxes, 
was able to find anything like 
that, but had to go cap-in-hand 
to the International Monetary 
Fund 10 years’ ago. 

Mr Normait Atkinson 
(Tottenham. Lab): Which sec- 
tion of the Treasury established 
the £24 billion figure? Was it 

wholly the work of the Trea- 
? Wil 

We have not yel been able (he 
said later) to cost absolutely the 
proposals put forward by the 
Alliance parties, which fir- provided by Treasury officials? 
qucntly conflict, but we shall get fvir Lawson: Treasury ministers 
*"*“ collected a list of the various 

sury?Wil! be give details of the 
assessments which- have been 

Lawson: Accuracy of costing 
not denied by Laboor 

rate by 5.7 p to compensate for 
the increase in taxes people pay 
in other spheres. Until he re- 
duces the basic rate by that 
amount, will he refrain from 
claiming that there has been a 
decrease in taxation? 

Mr Lawson: The level of in- 
come-tax is now considerably 
lower than it was under the 

around to that in due course. 

Meanwhile, we have been 
able to cost properly, correctly 
and objectively the programme 
of the Labour Party and it is 
interesting that they have not 
been able to deny the accuracy 
of that costing. 

Mr Dale Campbell-Sa roars 

(Workington. Lab y. The pro- 
gramme of a Labour govern- 
ment will not only be funded out 
of taxation of the more highly- 
paid. but out of an industrial 
strategy for growth, as against 
the Government's strategy for 
recession and the many biUions 
of pounds given away by the . 
Government in the form of 
concessions on capital transfer 
tax and capital gains tax which 
would be sufficient to finance 
the programmes of the Labour 

Mr Lawson: There is no way in 
which Labour can find £24 
billion from capital taxes. Not 
even the last Labour Govern- 

pledges to which die 

public _ — ^ — 

Labour Party is committed and 
then asked Treasury officials to 
give an .objective costing of 
those pledges. They did that and 
the figure arrived at was £24 

•Earlier. Mr M; . 

peaied his bdief that the 

Party's public expenditure pro- 
posals would cost about £24 

He was replying to Mr Mi- 
chael Fallon (Darlington. C) 
who said the one tbingeenain to 
destroy jobs' was a £24 billion 
public spending spree, as 
planned by the Labour Party. 

Mr MacGregor agreed with 
him and said this would lead 
either to increased taxation or to 
increased borrowing, which 
would clobber industry. 

He had written to Mr Roy 
Hattersley. chief Opposition 
spokesman on Treasury and 
economic affairs, indicating that 

he believed the extra pubhe 
expenditure involved m the 
Labour Party's proposals would 
be in the region of £24 billion. 
Mr Bob Clay (Sundenand 
North. Ub) said last year the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer 
(Mr Nigel Lawson) had de- 
scribed his Budget as a budget 
for jobs. Since then unemploy- 
ment had increased by over 
1 14,000. 

When the Chancellor sits 
dawn on Tuesday (be added) 
will he tell us. m language the 
unemployed will understand, is 
unemployment going to go up or 

Mr MacGregor replied that 
the last Budget announced 
significant increases in expen- 
diture on employment and 
training measures for 1986/7, 
such as the YTS. 

•Later Mr David Wnmidc 
(Walsall North. Lab) said most 
people were now paying more: 
taxes, directly and indirectly, 
than they were in 1979. 

Had the Government es- 
timated the amount of money 
lost to the Treasuiy as a result of 
mass unemployment? If those 
people had been allowed to earn 
a living, how much more would 
the revenue have gained 
through proper taxation? 

Mr John Moore, Financial Sec- 
retary to the Treasury, replied 
that people were paying less tax 
at all levels than they were when 
the Conservatives came to 

should not 
name rape 


The naming of rape victims by 
(he media was criticized by the 
Prime Minister during question 
time in the Commons. 

Mrs Thatcher said rape was a 
'uniquely barbaric offence and 
-the recent guidelines issued by 
- the Lord Chief Justice had led to 
much more severe sentencing. 

I think the whole of the media 
(she said) bear a heavy 
responsibility for the way in 
which they ' report crimes of 
violence. In rape cases, the same 
of the victim must not be given 
by law after the charge has been 
made, bot there are certain 
customs and conventions which 
obtain between the commission 
of this terrible offence and the 
court which one would hope 
would be observed by the press. 

She was replying to Mr Alan 
Beith (Berwick-upon-Tweed. L) 
who suggested that the behav- 
iour of the press and- media 
played some part in creating a 
climate of opinion in wbleh so 
many rapes and sexual assaults 
on women took place. 

He asked her to disocciate 
herself from the ridicule suffered 
the previous day by Ms Clare 
Short (Birmingham. Ladywood, 
Lab) when she was introducing a 
Bill to ban pictures of near- 
naked women from newspapers. 

He also urged Mrs Thatcher 
to use her influence to bring 
together newspaper proprietors 
and editors • 

Sir Edward Gardner (FyWe. Q 
said there seemed to be a 
growing and strong link between 
violent crime, including rape, 
and the widespread misuse of 
heroin and cocaine. 

Will the Prime Minister con- 
firm (he asked) that this Gov- 
ernment is giving and will 
continue to give the highest 
priority and all the resources 
that may be necessary to meet 
the terrible dangers of drug 

Mrs Thatcher Yes, I agree that 
■ the use of drugs makes aO crime 
' worse than it would otherwise 
be. particularly crimes of vi- 
olence. We will give every 
priority to tackling this terrible 
canker in our lives. 

The law was being changed to 
. make it easier to get at _ the 
proceeds of that dastardly crime. 

Kinnock wants more spent 
on crime prevention 


Challenged by Mr Neil Kinnock. 
Leader of the Opposition. to 
provide new money to make 
homes and ihc streets safe from 
crime. Mrs Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, said in the Commons 
amid loud Labour interrup- 
tions: I will stand comparison 
with any Labour MP in persona] 
care and provision. 

Mr Kinnock said there had been 
an alarming and massive in- 
crease in crime of 41 per cent 
since 1978. Would the Prime 
Minister ensure that new money 
was allocated to local authorities 
to assist them in their efforts to 
make streets and homes safer for 
ordinary citizens, especially the 

Mrs Thatcher said Mr Kinnock 
knew that extra money had been 
given to local authorities 
through the police grant. Some 
money was expended, too. un- 
der the Community Programme 

to further crime prevention 

Mr Kinnock commented that 
that answer was somewhat 
misleading. At the crime 
prevention seminar Mrs 
Thatcher had held in January, 
the only new money even 
referred to had been £50 million 
to be taken from the housing 
improvement programme. 

Thai would be an inadequate 
sum (he said) from the wrong 
source. The sums involved in 
improving door locks, safety 
standards of doors, lighting, 
telephone entry systems and 
other security additions need to 
be paid for and can appro- 
priately be aided by the Govern- 

Mrs Thatcher, amid interrup- 
tions from the Labour benches, 
said: Most people will, and 
should be. in a position to 
provide for crime prevention on 
their own. Yes. of course- they 
should. Mr Kinnock. with al- 
most every question, wants to 
put his hand deeper into the 
taxpayer's pocket 

The Opposition does not care 
how much it takes away from 
the taxpayer, and it is better for 
most people able to do these 
things to do so. 

For the elderly who cannot 
afford it is a proper use of 
money from the community 
programme, for instance, and 
labour from the programme, to 
help in crime prevention 

Mr Kinnock: Much of what she 
says might be true in Dulwich 
but it is not necessarily true on 
housing estates throughout the 

If we do not find resources to 
help old people and poor people 
protect their homes and streets, 
we are going to have to find it in 
any case to help the police detect 
the crime too late and after the 
damage has been done. 

Mrs Thatcher He should reflect 
on what the Government has 
done in the way of providing 
extra police and extra equip- 
ment, and he goes and shakes 
hands with Benue Grant and 

Interest rates trend helpful 

The Shadow Chancellor of the 
Exchequer. Mr Roy Hattersley, 
had been wrong on January 8 — 
the last lime interest rates were 
changed - when he forecast that 
they were bound to rise. They 
had remained unchanged since 
then. Mr Hattersley was always 
wrong. Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, said 
during questions in the Com- 

Mr Hattersley had asked Mr 
Lawson to break the habit of a 
lifetime and be frank with MPs. 
Was it not true, a squalid fact, 
that the inevitable reduction in 
interest rates was being held 
tack to give shine to the Budget 
next T uesday which would 
otherwise be very lacklustre 

Earlier, Mr Michael Latham 
(Rutland and Melton. O said all 
the economic jigsaw pieces now 
seemed in place for an immedi- 
ate and significant cut in rates. 
What was preventing it? 

Mr Lawson said difficulties 
from the present rates should 
not be exaggerated. The latest 
manufacturing trends inquiry 
showed the best response on 
output and prices since those 
figures had first started being 

The difference between the 
United Kingdom and other 

countries that were reducing 
rates was that they had un- 
ambiguously benefitted from 
the fail io oil prices whereas the 
effects for the UK had in- 
evitably been more mixed. The 
world trend could be nothing 
but helpful. 

Mr Robert Sheldon (Asbton- 
under-Lyne, Lab) said that 
knowing Mr Lawson’s partiality 
for announcing such things at 
Budget time, did he realize that 
MPs would be extremely dis- 
appointed if there was not an 
interest rate cut of considerably 
more than one percent? 

Mr Lawson said Mr Sheldon 
seemed to have an extraor- 
dinary insight into his 
partialities. In neither of his 
previous Budgets had he an- 
nounced interest rate cuts. 

Sir William Clark (Croydon 
South, O said a ) percent cut in 
base rates would give industry a 
welcome boost. Also, a 1 per 
cent reduction in wage claims 
would reduce unit labour costs 
far more than a l per cent 
reduction in interest. 

Mr Lawson agreed and said 
there was a further connection. 
He had told the National Eco- 
nomic Development Council 
recently that excessive wage 
increases put upward pressure 
on costs and it was essential to 

stop that leading to an upsurge 
in inflation and still higher 
interest rates. There was a 
double benefit from controlling 
pay costs. 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover. 
Lab) said sky-high interest rates 
had resulted in City bankers 
making massive profits, 
whereas manufacturing and lo- 
cal government had suffered. 

That was one reason why the 
people of Fulham would be 
voting out the Tory candidate. 

Mr Lawson said be doubted Mr 
Skinner had much knowledge of 
Fulham. (Conservative laugh- 
ter). If there were ever to be a 
Labour Government again — 
which there would not - putting 
into effect their £24 billion 
worth of public expenditure 
would affect borrowing and 
raise interest rates far higher 
than they were now. 

Mr Alan Howarth (Stratford- 
on-Avon, Q said Labour’s poli- 
cies would undoubtedly mean 
taxation even higher than it had 
been under the last Labour 
Government . the collapse of the 
pound and soaring inlfetion and 

Mr Lawson: His assessment 
corresponds precisely with ray 

Rate of inflation will 
come down - Lawson 


Mr Nigel Lawson, the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, is 
confident that the rate of infla- 
tion will come down, he said 
during questions. The present 
rate of inflation was not satisfac- 
tory. even though it was lower 
than it was under the last 
Labour Government. 

He said that be would be 
dealing with the prospects for 
inflation in .the Budget next 


Mr Roy Hattersley, chicCOppo- 
sition spokesman on Treasury 
and economic affairs, asked the 
Chancellor to explain why 
Britain's inflation rate was now 
running faster and higher than 
the inflation rate m any of their 
OECD competitors? 

Mr Lawson: I have said that I do 
not regard the present rate of 
inflation as satisfactory, even 

though it is far lower than it was 
during the time of the Labour 
Government. I am confident 
that it will come down. 

Mr David Penhafigon (Truro, 
L): Will be confirm the remark- 
able fact that the only equiva- 
lent industrial nation with a 
higher rate of inflation is Italy. 
Was that his aim when be tow 
office two years ago? 

Mr Lawson: The financial 
spokesman for the Liberals and 
SDP has said that their pro- 
gramme would produce infla- 
tion of 7.5 per cent. I shall be 
dealing with the prospects for 
inflation in the Budget. I do not 
regard the present level of 
inflation as satisfectory even 
though it is far lower than was 
ever achieved under Labour. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9. 30): Backbench 
motion on management 
reorganisation of NHS. 

Picket incident regret 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, expressed her 
regret" in the Commons that two 
d emonstra tors had been injured 
outside the News International 
plant atWappiag on Wednesday 
iL : 

issue was raised by Mr 
Martin O'Neill (Clackmannan, 
Lab) who said a rogue lorry 
charged a crowd of speakers 
outside the plant, iaefodiog 
privy councillors and members 
of the Shadow Cabinet. 

Mrs Thatcher I regret in this 
Incident two demonstrators at 
Wapping suffered injuries and I 
am gbd to say that the injuries 
were slight Two police officers 
also suffered minor injuries. 

I hope Mr O'Neill will ex- 
press sympathy for the 79 police 
officers injured on the picket line 
at Wapping. 

Later, daring basiuess ques- 
tions, Mr Peter Shore, chief 
'Opposition .spokesman on 
Commons* affairs, said he also 
wanted to refer to a deplorable 
ami dangerous {oddest at 
Wapping, in his constituency, 
when a heavy lorry ploughed its 
way through the crowd. This was 
witnessed by himself and three 
of his colleagues. 

Wm Mr Biffen ask the Home 
Secretary (Mr Douglas Hard) to 
wiw an early statement (he 
west on), not only on this event, 
but on the arrangements be- 
tween the pofice -and News 
International on the movement 
of lorries with a view to avoiding 
what could easily have been a 
disastrous event? 

Mr John Biffen. Leader of the 
House: I will refer Mr SfcoreY 
request to the Home Secretary. 

Job schemes go well 

Early indications from the nine 
pilot job start schemes were 
encouraging Lord Young of 
Graflham. Secretary of State for 
Employment, said during ques- 
tion time in the House of Lords. 
He said the Government was 
studying the results urgently to 
see if the scheme could be 

Answering a question by Lady 
Fisher of Red nal (Lab) on 
response to the pilot scheme, he 
told peers: In the nine weeks to 

March 7, 14,363 invitations to 
attend in depth interviews ai job 
centres were issued to long term 
unemployed people in ihe nine 
pitot areas. 

As a result, 10.507 interviews 
have been beid and some 80 per 
cent of those Interviewed have 
agreed to follow up a positive 

He added later that the Gov- 
ernment was now studying the 
initial results 

Nirex proposal 


Nuclear disposal sites flat 
stored waste ncarthe surface 
would never be willingly ac- 
cepted if they contained ma- 
terial of intermediate Ufe 
expectancy, Mr Douglas Hogg 
(Grantham. O said when open- 
ing a short debate in the 
Commons. , 

■ He said the Nodear Industry 
Radioactive Waste Executive 
(Nirex) had proposed derailed 
geological investigations ar four 
possible sites -. Fulbocfc airfield. 
Lincolnshire, in his consul 
uency: Hstow, Bedfordshire; 
Brad well. Essex, and South 
KjUtogboirae, ; South Humber- 

The Nirex scheme was con- 
trary to the recommendations 
earlier this week of the Environ?- 
mem Select Com mitte e, the 
weight of informed opinion and 
to the lessons of the past It also 
ignored the existence of .other 
established disposal methods. It 
reflected a certain complacency, 
lack of sensitivity and lack of 
research, as well as incom- 
petence, by the British nuclear 
industry. . 

Those.of ns who represent the 
people who live in the areas 
containing the proposed sites 
(he said) are simply not going ,*n 
deliver the British nuclear in- 
dustry from the consequences of 
its own actions and its own folly. 

He was pleased to see the 
Chief Whip (Mr John 

Wakeham) whose Essex constit- 
uency was affected, by the pro- 
posals, giving powerful support 
by being present on the Govern- 
ment from botch for the debate. 

Wakehaac Sfleace tat ta be 

. construed as indiflerence - 

-• The near-surface disposal sys- 
tem was not proper, safe nor 
necessary for disposing of inter- 
mediate level nuclear waste. 
The hydrological and geological 
properties of the proposed 
Fulbeck site -were inappropriate 
, for . construction of such a site. 
'The roatLctHtim unications were 
such that .no safe system of 
. transporting- waste to the area- 
was 'possible. - • 

It was frequently argued that 
ihere was no alternative to near- 
surface rites. He believed that 
was manifestly untrue. With the 
exception of the United States 
and nance, all OECD nod ear 
countries were proposing to 
dispose of nuclear waste in deep 
geological rites. 

-He believed -there were three 
options; ofl drilling techniques 
to create deep holes in the 
continental shelf into which 
waste could be put; disposal in 
the deep ocean, on the seabed, 
or by emplacement; tunnels or 
caverns excavated under the 

• He was concerned that the 
nuclear, industry had been so 
slow to investigate what tech- 
nology could give h. 

. The feet that Nirex had not 
come forward with options to 
the near-surface system was a 
failure on their part to show the 
kind of consistent commitment 
to research that it was right to 
expect of them, even though 
there was no immediate and 
pressing need to find- another 
method and another site for the 
disposal of nuclear waste. 

Mr David Alton (LiverpooL 
Mossley Hill, L) said they, were . 
being bounced into taking de- 


cxskrns which had enormous 

consequence* ; fcr the local 

communities w«Mved. M« 
MPs shared Ihc "not in my back 
wnT approach, but *f nuclear 
wasie was undesirable is their 
back yards they should ask 
themselves why it was amiable 

for somebody rise's. 

The Government should tm- 
roediatciy set op an independent 
inquiry into the continuation of 
the nuclear imfustiy. 

Sir Benwrd Bntine (Castle 
PtHDL CV said that- there was a 
long-established convention 
itat chief whips did not express 

their views in the chamber, but 

the silence today of Mr John 
Wakcham. the Gpverotwm 
chief whip and MR for.. Cot- 
Chester South and MaMoit. who 
was in bis place oa= the front 
bench, must not be construed as 
expressing, indifference ror. ra- 

Mr Wakcham bad. already 
expressed bis total opposition io 
the prospect of Braawdf in bis 
constituency being used as a site 
for ihedisposriof uiclear waste. 
Inihathe had the fuff support of 
his . Essex:- colleagues and of 

Essex County CoujaciL . - > 

Mr Wakcham'* constituents 
were angry and be was. in 
complete sympathy with them. 
Bradwcfl was clos e to area of 

site were inadequate; and the 
area was totally unsuitable be- 
cause is was subject to flooding 
Could anyone be sure there 
would be no repetition; of the 
great tide of 1953? Sea defences 
should be mended before 
emb ar k ing . . tit» - a crackpot 
scheme Of litis kind; : ' 

Areriots geological feufe ran 
through Bradweft whit* had fed 
to chums of earthquake tteftiora 
being felt in the area. For 
instance, the centre of the great 
Essex earthquake of 1884. in 
which at least three people died, 
was only four miles away from 
the- proposed dumping site. - 

The proposal was madness 
and it would be preferable to 
tear it up. ' " 

Mr Michael Brown (Briggand 
Oeetborpes. C) said- 

no work had been done on 
alternative ways of dealing wub 
the problem of nuclear waste. 
Nirex was an unaccountable and 
□selected body. „■ Its repre- 
sentatives had gone up- and 
down the country - causing dis- 
tress and had no idea of how to 
treat local people. 

Mr Nicholas Lyell (Mid 
Bedfordshire, Q mid that if 
consideration was to continue to 
be given to the dumping of 
waste iik what was now tailed 
near-surfece trenches it should 
be low-level only: 

Mr Eric Heffer (Liverpool. 
Walton., Lab) said - they were 
trying, to 'get rid of the old 



growing aft the rime this Oilier 
problem cf tbe lrish Sea which 
slowly but surely was beco m ing 
a nuclear cesspool . 

Dr David Clark (South Shields, 
Lab), for die Opposition, said 
that whatever the- decisions, 
they must be made so that if 
mistakes were found the situa- 
tion could be retrieved. Nirex 
had been most insensitive in ihe 
way ii had gone about this 
Mrs Angela Rumbold, Under 
Secretary of. -State. -for the ■ 
Environment, said the Govern- 
ment rook the public concern on 
this issue very seriously. She 
hoped she could allay some of 
the fears that had been ex- 
pressed. ■ 

Tte Government would try to 
ensure that the whole selection 
and evaluation' of a site was 
done as openly as possible. 

. We sball ensure (she added) 
that any radioactive doses from 
the' disposal rite ' are insignifi- 

Any disposal of waste under 
die sea bed would require a 
licence by the Minister, of Agn- 
culnne under the Food and 
Environmental Protection Act. 

The nuclear, industry was 
probably the most highly xtgp- „ 
lated industry, and Nirex would I s 
not be an exception. 

Policing of Ulster 

RUC chief calls for tribunal 
to decide on parade routes 

From Richard Ford 

Sir John Hermon. Chief 
Constable of the Royal Ulster 
Constabulary, has suggested 
that an independent public 
tribunal could consider deci- 
sions on the banning and re- 
routing of traditional parades 
in Northern Ireland. 

Such a proposal would be 
part of an effort to end 
allegations that the police are 
acting politically when they 
make recommendations 
about '‘loyalist" and republi- 
can parades, and that RUC 
decisions are being made at 
the behest of the Irish Repub- 

Sir John's suggestion yester- 
day comes after violent dem- 
onstrations and controversy 
over loyalist parades last sum- 
mer. and with traditional Or- 
ange institutions threatening 
not to negotiate with police 
over any re-routings this sum- 

Sir John iscritica! of parade 
organizers, arguing that their 
altitudes often make the task 
of the police more difficult 
while ihe community becomes 
entrenched and embittered. 

In his report for 1985. Sir 
John said that out of 1.897 
loyalist and 223 republican 
parades only three were 
banned and 22 re-routed last 

He said that there was 
opposition to ihe re-rouling 

Sir John Hermon, who 
praised his officers. 

Terrorism Figures: 

Anns finds: 
Explosives (tons) 

84 85 
64 54 
193 130 
10 36 

187 175 
3.8 3.3 

away from areas which were 
no longer populated with peo- 
ple linked with the particular 
organization parading. 

"Unless parading organiza- 
tions face the reality that 
population changes can result 
in areas once receptive becom- 
ing hostile, then the public 
order task of the RUC will 
become increasingly difficult 
and. of greater importance. 

the community will become 
totally entrenched and 

Sir John devoted a section 
of his report to the Anglo-Irish 
agreement and its effect on 
policing, along with "mischie- 
vous attempts" by public rep- 
resentatives to cause concern 
or disquiet within the force's 

Unionist politicians are 
wanted that subversive orga- 
nizations might attempt to 
legitimize themselves by be- 
coming involved in protests 
against the agreement- “Re- 
sponsible leaders should be 
fully aware of this danger, 
clearly dissociate themselves 
from such people and ensure 
that their followers are not 
duped or misled." 

The report showed that 
terrorism in the province was 
at its lowest level since 1970 
with shootings and explosions 
down by 30 per ceni and the 
Provisional IRA’s campaign 
increasingly concentrated in 
border areas. 

Sir John praised his officers 
for their outstanding courage. 
"Each and every day. whatev- 
er the danger, whatever the 
call of duty, they demonstrate 
that they are totally commit- 
ted to defeating terrorism” 

Of para-military organiza- 
tions. Sir John said: “Stripped 
of the double talk and propa- 
ganda. their purpose is mur- 
der. destruction, intimidation, 
the perpetuation of hatred.’' 

Spain goes 
to court 
over Goya 

Spain made its first High 
Court move yesterday to re- 
cover a Goya masterpiece 
The kingdom of Spain took 
auctioneers Christie's to court 
to seek to prevent the auction 
next month of "La Marquessa 
dc Santa Cruz" said to be 
worth £8 million. 

A full hearing of its claim 
for a declaration that the 
export document allowing the 
painting to leave Spain was 
false is to be heard shortly, but 
at a 45-minute private hearing 
yesterday ihe Vice-Chancellor 
Sir Nicholas Browne- Wilkin- 
son dealt with preliminary 

The painting is being put up 
for sale by Lord WLm borne 
who bought it in Switzerland 
in 1983 from Spanish busi- 
nessman Pedro Saorin Bosch 
who obtained the export li- 
cence. The Spanish authorities 
claim the licence was invalid. 

Alec McCowen, the actor, showing his CBE insignia which 
he received from the Prince of Wales at an investiture cere- 
mony at Buckingham Palace yesterday. He was made a CBE 
in the New Year Honours. Mr McCowen, aged 60, has given 
command performances of the St Mark’s Gospel before 
President Reagan and the Queen Moilin'. 

Court criticizes the singing sheriff 

The conduct of a sheriff who 
loudly sang two different ver- 
sions of an anti-Roman Catho- 
lic song, called The Sash My 
Father Wore, during a crimi- 
nal trial was condemned by 
three judges in the Justiciary 
Appeal Court, Edinburgh, yes- 

They said the conduct of 
Sheriff David Smith at Kil- 
marnock Sheriff Court last 
June in asking the accused to 
sing, showing annoyance at his 

refusal and then singing him- 
self, was deplorable in the 
highest degree. 

But the court refused to 
quash the conviction of Robert 
Hawthorn, aged 25, a 
labourer, of Seaton Terrace, 
Irvine, who claimed the sheriff 
humiliated him. 

He had been jailed for six 
months for kicking Raymond 
Hay, of Sophia Crescent, 
Irvine, on the head. He was on 
ball pending the appeal. 

. Lord Ross, Lord Justice 
Clerk, who presided at. the 
Appeal Court, said: “What the 
sheriff did in my opinion was 
ill-considered m . 

Lord Hunter and Lord Rob- 
ertson agreed that what the 
sheriff had done was deplor- 

Evidence had been given 
that the assault victim had 
been singing a version of ‘The 

Sash” and that this led to the 

New roads 
‘no cure 
for delays’ 

■ By Michael Baity, 
Transport Editor . . 

London is doomed to suffer 
permanent traffic delays un- 
less • there is a change in 
Government policy, a leading 
traffic expert said yesterday. . 

The present policy of build- 
ing more roads is not a core 
because if more capacity is 
provided on the roads. -or 
more car parks are inade 
available, more car users will 
come inio -the centre. Dr 
Martin Mogridge of theTrans- 
port Studies Group at Univer- 
sity College. London, said. 

Dr Mogridge admitted 
motorists', addiction to car 
commuting,' but said that in 
One important respect it was 
misplaced. Actual driving 
times were certainly foster by 
car. than public transport, at 
an average 12 mph. . 

But if the time taken to park 
and walk from parking space 
to destination is added, ibe 
two journeys are equally slow, 
at an average J mph. ... 

The way to speed up traffic 
is to improve fail services. Dr 
Mogridge believes: especially 
by providing new London 
routes such as the Snow Hill' 
connection between northern 
and southern commuter tines. 

And ., traffic through- -the 
Dartford Tunnel hasgrownby 
a.funher 2,000-3.000 vehicles 
a day since the Swarriey- 
Sevenoaks section of the M25 
was opened last month, foe 
ipad pressure' group Move- 
ment for London has said. 


Lords call 
for EEC 
milk cut 

. By George Hill 

A 3 per cent cut in; milk 
roductipn should be en- 
forced; in all EEC • member 
states. . the House of Lords 
European Communities com- 
mittee has recommended. ft. 

The. committee is worried - 
that proposed voluntary cuts 
u quotas will not be enough to 
dimmatea'^mflk which 
last year amounted to more 
-than 20 million. tonnes. .. 

"Member stales whiefe foil 
to reach their target by a 
specified date should be re- 
quired to effect the outstand- 
ing reduction- by. compulsory- 
cut in quotas , across ' the 
board”, the committee says. 

' . Tenant fermers tn.^ Britain 
should not be aDowed to 
surrender, milk quotas on the 
Iazid they form without/ the £ 
consent, of their landlords, 
who should, be: entitled to a 
shareof the rewards of surren- 
der, the committee says. 

' _ The proposed EEC regula- 
tion os quotas pays - insuffi- 
cient -regard to . landlords* ' 
interests, it-adds. • • - • 

a reduction- in national • 
production is; achieved, The 
roles need hot prohibar some- 
one who has surrendered a 
quota from resuming milk ft 
' production If te can Obtain a 
quota fr om elsewhere, - the 
committee proposes: ^ ‘ r •' 

-Mjlk Prpaacilo'n (Out goers 
■Scheme): Seventh Report' of 
House- rf... Lords ^tropcan 

•; V-f 

-i.-. .Mji ,'uul. :-_■. 


H I i 


stop council 


Royal adieu after 26 happy days 

' . Legislation to end die situa- 
tion in which local authorities 
, can. defy the rulings of local 
-ombudsmen and refuse to 
provide aggrieved , citizens 
• with a remedy wll be sought 
/ by a select committee of MPs 
: in a- forthcoming report. 

„ The MPs ■win urge that 
people should have the right 
-io sue any local authority 
*which fails to remedy an 
' injustice caused by maladmin- 

V- The recommendation is 
..likely to be opposed by the 
: Govern mem which has mad? 
clear its view that itis against 
- legislation for the enibroetnent 
of remedies and says that such 
^enforcement through - the 
courts “would formalize all 
’.investigations and thereby 
make them lengthier and - 
costlier". . . : A r . 

But the select committee oh 
.the Pariiaxhehtary Commis- 
sioner for Administration is 
‘.understood to be “extremely 
■ dissatisfied" with the present 
..position.; • 

' At present a person who 
-takes a complaint to the local 
".ombudsman and obtains a 
ruling' that there has been 
I injustice caused by maladmin- 
istration hasrno remedy where 
the authority refuses to act. 

Since 1 974, there have been 
100 findings of maladminis- 
tration and injustice in En- 
gland where the local 

authority refused to "provide a 
satisfactory remedy. 

MPs* concern that “such an 
extent of defiance by' local 
authorities risks bringing tire 
ombudsman - system into 
disrepute” led to their setting 
up an inquiry. 

. The right to. enforce ' a 
-remedy in the courts -was 
strongly supported by the 
Commission -for Local' Ad- 
ministration in England, the 
body which staffs the three 
local ombudsmen.. 

“The situation "is. bad be- 
cause injustice should always 
be remedied - and without the 
need for time and money to be 
spent cajoling reluctant 
authorities",.^ said. 

Under the.Northern Ireland 
system, which MPs are expect- 
ed' to propose, the complain- 
ant could apply to the county 
court for tire authority to pay 
an amount the court thought 
right to compensate for the 

•/Where money is not an 
appropriate remedy, such as 
where .a council refused to 
rehouse- a complainant, the 
court would have power to 
order the authority, to take - or 
refrain from taking - certain 

Bui the Depaprtxnent of the 
Environment, in response to 
this proposal, said the right 
solution was to “act by 

NFU fears 
bias over 

By Stephen Goodwin 

Government plans to 
-- charge for independent guid- 
"ance-on the use -of pesticides 
could force farmers to rely on 
the potentially biased -advice 
of the chemical manufactur- 
ers. a' Commons select com- 
. mittee was told yesterday. 

- The National Farmers’ 
..Union (NFU) -is concerned 
• that greater dependence on the 
"■ unde will run counter to its 
'desire for sparing use of 

pesticides which .could be : 
harmful to health. • 

. inevirtenpe to tiy.'aH^iarty ■ 

- agriculture cctfttminet£ tire 
.-NFU Said the charges. ;to be 
•• introduced by the Agncnttufal 
; Development -Advisory Ser-.. 

vice (Adas) ft? 1987, could 
result in farmers getting less 

- balanced options . 

.. Mr Christopher French, 
., vice-president . of the.- NFU,' 

- said that formers valued - the 
free, independeni advice. But 
with the introduction of 
charges, they would be more 

" inclined to take the advice of 
chemical companies 

Three police 
charged over 
pub assault 

Three policemen were yes- 
sday charged with assaulting 
man at a public house. 
Police Constables Victor 
Weekes, aged 24, Albert 
wanston, aged 26, and Ms 
had Wearing, aged 27. from 
tochester Row police station, 
Vestminsier, central London, 
re to appear at Bow Street 
Magistrates Court next Thurs- 

lay. _ . •. 

They are accused of assault- 
ng Paul Lally at the &rley 
Mow. Horsefeny Road, West- 
ninsier, last Saturday. 

The officers also fece two 
hams of conspiracy to per- 
rert the course of justice by 
abely accusing Mr Lally and 
ns brother of criminal of- 
fences. PC Weekes is atop 
hailed with assaulting Mr 
>aul Lally al the police sia- 

to sue 

Bob Geldof was served with 
a - writ for damages 
yesterday by students at York 
University, who claimhe un- 
dermined their efforts to help 

The stndents are taking the 
action against the Live Aid 
organizer after a concert last 
year ' with "'his band - the 
Boomtown Rats. Their show at 
. the traftereftyVCentral Hall 
had the audience dancing in 
the aisles, which led to a ban 
on aRfirtnve pop concerts. ■. 

StodeBtirunma leaders were 
fold after a concert nr'1984 to 
ship people r stanfing np' or 
dancing at concerts in the h a lu 
They were warned! that if they 
broke the rale future events 
would be banned. 

/ When the Beiomtowa Rats 
were booked for the charity 
concert as part of rag weekJn 
February last year, Bob 

. Geldof was asked not to call 
people downto the front of the 
stage. The request was also 
written into the £2,750 con- 

- On tiie night, student lead- 
ers dahned, he . ignored their 
pleas. Selby District Council 
told the stndents that they 

coald not hold any more 

concerts. . • 1 - __ 

Mr ^eville ParkmsoB, di- 
rector of environmental health 
for Selby councfl, said: “Be- 
cause of the tiered seating fte 
hall is extremely dangerons if 
people stand up tike that If 
someone, half way np loses 
their balance and rails forward 
they posh everyone else down 
Eke a pack of cards." 

Mr Peter GOdener. solicitor 
for York Students Union, said 
thattbeir action comes after a 
breakdown in tal k s with the 
singer’s management. “Mr 
Geldof s solicitors have, main- 
tained that they consider the 
students union acted reckless- 
ly in allowing Mr Geldof and 
the Boomtown -Rats to 

Mr Mick Owen, of Concert 
Publishing, Mr Geldof* man- 
ager, said yesterday^If any- 
one is in the wrong it is them. 
They should not use the place 
as a venire if it is dangerous.” 


TUC WomenV Conference 

Willis accuses Tories 
of hit and run tactics 

doned our greatest reset, the 
talents of our children, by 
refusing to irivesl'in either the 
fabric of our schools or in our 
teachers. ' . ■ 

Mr Willis praised the grow- 
ing activity of women in trade 
unions. It had happened in 
stark contrast to .the seven 
barren years of government 
The conference was told 
that women are being given a 
raw deal at work and suffering 
a widening - gap on pay 
Mrs Anita tanning. of 
TASS, the white collar section 
of the Amalgamated Union of 
Engineering Workers, said 
more women were now work- 
ing. She added: “The gap 
between men's and womens 
earnings is widening while the 
increase in female employ- 
mem remains, largely due to 
women taking^ on low-paid, 
nan-time jobs.” • 

Mrs Lanning said women 
had failed to convince men in 
die Labour movement • of tne 
need to make *jufl pay 'a 
priority. She called on the 
TUC to evolve a strategy to 
improve women’s wages.- 

r Norman Willis, general 
tary of the TUC. at- 
d the Government ye*: 
y for wganiring a "Ga r 
sale" of Britain's premt- 
i industries. 

r Willis told the TUC 
nen's . Conference in 
*ster that members of tire 
net had also set about a 
ective hit and run ot 

. accused the Govem- 
[ of attacking women. 
Iren and their teachers 
the sick, “They are all- 
l groups. And while some 
mmem ministers have 
ibout this collective hit 
run of the ^.ori^ce, 
r members of tire Cabinet 
usv organizing a car wot 
of' the profitable mdus- 
Now comes British Ley* 

: contents to the highest 
er." ‘ . ^ 

r Willis said that since tne 
eminent came to power 
n veart ago,, employers 
been encouraged to slasn 
is and to cut corners on 
th and safety- “The vov- 
ient- have all but atari- 

From Stephen Taylor 

The Queen and Duke of 
Edinburgh waved farewell to 
Australia from the steps of an 
RAAF jet yesterday, 26 days 
after setting out on what has 
been an arduous and eventful, 
but also, aides say, a remark- 
ably satisfying and happy 
royal tour. 

They were seen off by Sir 
Niriian Stephen, the Gover- 
nor-General, and Mr- Bob 
Hawke, the. Prime Minister 
who. whatever- his own senti- 
ments, will be in no doubt that 
Australians still want their 
Queen. The prevalent nation- 
al mood is a comfortable 
acceptance that Australia will 
one day be a republic, but for 
the time being that day looks a 
long way off 

lire final day, as well as the 
farewells, brought a last dem- 
onstration =- and an apology 
from two of the 12 people 
known to have been arrested 
in the course of the tour. 

While tiie - Duke was at 
Flinders University to unveil 
-a bust of Matthew Flinders, 
who charted the Australian 
coast, a group of about a dozen 
students held placards protest- 
ing that" money had been spent 
on the ceremony rather than 
on campus clinic facilities. 

During the ceremony one 
student called out “Long live 
the republic of Australia.* The 
Duke, standing near the mi- 
crophone but apparently un- 
aware that it was switched on, 
murmured: “That’s a good 

Meanwhile, the household 
made public a letter to the 
Queen from two young men 
arrested after they attempted, 
unsuccessfully, to spray the 
Royal couple with a fire hose 
from, the top of a building. 

Apologizing for “any 
inconvenience", the letter 
said: “The turning on of the 
hose from the top of tire 
building after you had entered 
the hotel was the result of high 
spirits and was an act of 
spontaneous stupidity which 
we truly regret ■ 

Fond farewell: The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh (below) return waves from officials at Adelaide airport yesterday. 

“There was no premedita- 
tion or any thought of protest 
at your visit We do hope you 
wDl enjoy the rest of your visit 
to Australia. We have the 
honour to remain Madam, 
your most humble and obedi- 
ent servants It was signed L. 
McBride and Fred Saad. 

In 26 days the Royal couple 
visited- Nepal, New Zealand 
and Australia, and stopped in 
12 towns and cities, with a 
walkabout in each. One in- 
triguing aspect of the Austral- 
asian tour was the way it 
highlighted * shifting national 

New Zealand, traditionally 
regarded as perhaps the most 
royalist of Commonwealth 
countries, is now all-question- 
ing of the royal link. It would 
be a mistake to read too much 
into bare-bottom protests, or 
even two thrown eggs, but 
New Zealanders have ac- 
quired, through the Anzus and 
Rainbow Warrior affairs and 
the consequent raising of their 
international profile, a greater 
sense of independence and 

Australia, on the other 
hand, which was once seen 
from New Zealand as a son of 
big brother more inclined to 
question and criticize the 
“motherland", has put behind 
ft the bitterness towards royal- 
ty which arose from the 
d ismissal of the Whi tl am 
Government a decade ago. 

A feature of the tour has 
been the extensive and posi- 
tive coverage ft received in the 
Australian media. Leading ar- 
ticles have been uniformly 
welcoming. prompting Mr 
Michael Shea the Queen's 
press secretary, to remark: 
“There has never been a 
wanner response from editori- 
al opinion here." 

Australia will be looking 
forward to another royal visit 
in 1988, the year of the 
bicentenary. Appropriately 
the man in charge of organiz- 
ing it is an Australian. 

Sir William Hesdtine, who 
next month takes over from 
Sir Philip Moore as the 
Queen's private secretary, will 
be the first Commonwealth 
citizen to hold the post. 

Spain’s vote for Nato 

Gonzalez triumph 
boosts shares 

Frinn Richard Madrid 

Rises of tip to 12 points on 
Spain's stock exchanges yes- 
terday reflected the stability of 
the fundamental pro-Western 
option • achieved, .through 
Wednesday's r efere nd um de- 
osion to' stay in the Atlantic 

Brokers said such increases 
in one day had not been seen 
for decades. 

Senor Felipe Gonzalez, the 
Prime Minister, adopting a 
sober tone during a moment 
of personal victory, appealed 
to all Spain’s political forces to 
help him now to lay the basis 
for a permanent national con- 


Yes *00*000 B2£% 

No 5,52*000 39J% 

Abstain 11.55*000 402% 

Span 1.1214NI0 02% 

402% (11,55*000) efid not go to 

the pote. 

sensus on foreign and defence 
nolides. . 

But the 39 per cent “no" 
vote wanting Spain to leave 
Nato, coupled with the 40 per 
cent abstention rale — the 
highest in any national poll 
since the. advent of democracy 
- allowed the Government’s 
opponents also to:daun vic- 

9lanked by a Spanish flag, 
Sen or Goaz&lez read a mes- 
sage to his fidlow countrymen 
on television declaring: “The 
result is a victory for all the 
Spanish people and not any 
section of ft.” 

A big swing towards “yes 
in the final phase of the 
campaign, after several public 
opinion polls revealed a week 
earlier clear majorities for 
leaving Nato, undoubtedly lay 
behind the 52 percent victory 
which exceeded the 
Government’s expected mar- 


After tire result, anxiously 

awaited by Spain’s partners 
both in the European Com- 
munity and the US, Madrid 
can now drop its ambiguous 
stance towards Nato and par- 
ticipate more folly. . , 4 

But it will do so with three 
conditions now democratical- 
ly sanctioned — non-nuclear 
status for Spanish* territory, 
non-integration into Nato’s 
command ' structure and a 
progressive reduction of the 
US presence and bases on 
Spanish soiL 

Washington had been 
awaiting the referendum out- 
come before continuing pre- 
liminary negotiations with 
Madrid on the issue. 

It was the II million absten- 
tions which caused Senor 
Manuel Fraga, the right-wing 
Opposition leader, to argue 
that his instructions had been 
obeyed by the voters. 

But Sefior Oscar Alzaga, the 
Christian Democrat leader 
who belongs to Sefior Fraga’s 
coalition, stressed his satisfac- 
tion with the overall result of 
Span staying in the alliance. 

The Communists claimed 
aS the six mBfion “no" voters 
were c ommuni s ts and paci- 

other than 
Nato emerged dramatically in 
the Basque country where the 
noes doubled the “yes" votes 
in a higher than national 
turnout, and in Catalonia 
where the majority abstained. 

The party ofSedorGonralez 
won essentially in rural areas 
such as Andalusia and Castile 
and in Madrid and Valencia 
where urban Socialist support- 
ers at the 1982 general election 
clearly returned to the fold 
under the impact of the Prime 
Minister's barnstorming tac- 
tics in the last hours of 
campaig n ing. 

Leading article, page 13. 

Manila close to rebel pact 

The new Government of 
President Aquino is dose to a 
breakthrough in ceasefire ne- 
gotiations to end almost two 
decades of fighting by Com- 
munist and Muslim rebels. 

The Communist New 
People’s Army (NPA) has 
stopped all “offensive 
actions" in three central prov- 
inces and “thousands" of 
leftist and Muslim separatist 
rebels have sent “peace- 
feders" the Political Afiairs 
Minister, Mr' Antonio 
Cuenco. said yesterday. 

Mrs Aquino, who has met 
Communist Party leaders, is 
expected to meet today self- 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

exiled Muslim rebel com- 
manders who have returned to 
discuss ending the rebellion. 

Mr Cuenco expects Mrs 
Aquino will soon proclaim 
amnesties for both forces. 

But Mrs Aquino is insisting 
that the Communist rebels 
first lay down their arms. 
Although the Communist Par- 
ty central committee has re- 
jected that, Mr Cuenco is 
confident many of the esti- 
mated 16,000 NPA members 
are prepared to do so. The 
Communist political leaders 
admit to misreading the popu- 
lar sentiment and underesti- 
mating the extent of the 

people's power movement 
which ousted Mr Marcos. 
Likewise. Mrs Aquino's purge 
of" 23 Marcos generals, the 
reorganization of the military 
and replacement of abusive 
local officials could rob the 
NPA of new recruits. 

Jovito Salonga. bead of the 
Philippine commission inves- 
tigating Mr Marcos’s wealth, 
has arrived in Hawaii and the 
Reagan Administration has 
agreed to give him and Con- 
gressional investigators copies 
of 1.500 financial documents 
Mr Marcos brought with him 
(Michael Binyon writes). 

of Kohl 
in style 

Bonn (Reuter) - Herr Otto 
Schily, the Greens’ MP who 
has prompted unprecedented 
legal proceedings against 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, re- 
signed from Parliament with a 
characteristic flourish. 

Addressing the chamber be- 
fore making way for a succes- 
sor. he accused West 
Germany’s established parties 
of a huge cover-up of illegal 
business donations to their 

“I do not expect any self- 
criticism. . . from those in- 
volved because they are too 
concerned about their posi- 
tions and have sunk too deep 
into the mud of political 
donations.” he said. 

Herr Schily. aged 53. was 
speaking during a debate on 
the final report of a parliamen- 
tary committee which for 
more than two years investi- 
gated allegations that the giant 
Rick industrial concern pro- 
vided party funds in return for 
tax favours. 

Crash hostess 
flies again 

Tokyo (UPI) - Yumi 
Ochiai. aged 27, the JAL air 
stewardess who survived the 
worst single plane crash in 
history, left hospital and flew 
again, home to Osaka on the 
route from Tokyo that her 
Boeing 747 took when it hit a 
mountainside in August. 

“1 still want to fly. and 1 
want to continue as a flight 
attendant." she said, boarding 
a plane for the first time since 
the crash in central Japan, in 
which 520 of the 524 people 
aboard died. 

Wordy work 

Peking (AP) - Work by 15 
Chinese universities on a 
comprehensive dictionary of 
Chinese characters, in eight 
volumes with 56.000 entries 
and 20 million characters, is 
complete after 10 years. 

Tokyo switch 

Tokyo (Reuter) — Long 
known as workaholics. Japa- 
nese are being urged by the 
Government to take life easier 
and to help the economy by 
spending more on leisure. 

Bowing out 

Wellington (Reuter) — Mr 
Frank O Flynn, aged 67. the 
controversial New Zealand 
Defence Minister, said he 
would retire from politics at 
the next election. 

Buoyant Carrington 
applauds result 

From Richard Owen and Frederick BotmartrBnissels 

In buoyant mood. Lord 
Carrington, the Nato Secre- 
tary-General yesterday greet- 
ed the result of the Spanish 
referendum as “good for Ea- 
rope, good for the alliance and 
good for Spain". 

Consultations would now go 
forward between Nato and 
Madrid over Spain's role in 
the in the light of tiie 
three conditions of member- 
ship laid down in the referen- 
dum: the armed forces would 
not be integrated into Nato’s 
mifitAry' structure; no nuclear 
weapons wo old be stationed on 
Spanish soil: and American 
troops in Spain would be. cut 

With Spain’s Ambassador 
to Nato, Senor Jaime ^ 
Ojeda, at his side, Lo™ 
Carrington said the result 
meant that a major European 
country could now play fts fell 
part in Nato and the EEC. 

The conditions are not a 
cause of serious concern in 
Nato. Lord Carrington said 
the American troops in Spain 

were not a matter for the 

Sehor de Ojeda pointed out 
that before Spain joined the 
oilinnee US forces were carry- 
ing mit Nato missions in his 
country. These were no longer 
needed now its membership 
was confirmed. The vote-was 
not to be seen as anti- Ameri- 
can betas reflecting a wish for 
a reduction in foreign military 
forces and the transfer of their 
functions to the Spanish mili- 

State Department said: “In 
strengthening the security of 
its democratic values, Spain 
has also strengthened that of 
its friends and allies." The 
vote had also “reinforced the 
sense of confidence shared by 
members of the Western dem- 
ocratic community. 

• LONDON: The Foreign 
Office said the vote had 
“historic importance for the 
Western world. As a fellow 
member of the alliance, we 
warmly welcome the decision 
of the Spssists people. 


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keeps Palme Cabinet 

Tbe ™ w -- Fh® 1 Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

^ egsi ° n “^nnniedwHf mem, one of the strongest 
vesieniav a ft ennat h°f Mr. Palme’s as- -since the war. 1 saw no reason 

bat be. raltd out to change this. 

which 10 .JWpbPnr-^f * coalition Mr Carisson said he would 
JSuKSf 1 ytB&rn&WPtWBm -' ^ take a keen interest m foreign 
nauonal unny and con sensus, 'ie pah; and any of the boa- affaire “There is no going 

a.aeany aa <wi. sociabst opposition parties. bade to the days when Sweden 

** ’ ~ . fiis.Cabmevhesaid; would was isolated from the rest of 
be imdiaaged: no one win fill the world. I shall spend the 
his now-vacant post of deputy sune amount . of time on 
Prime Minister: ' • ' • foreign affairs as Olof Pabne. 

in ; the event of - Mr However, I don’t guarantee 
Carisson’s death, theprcmier- that I will be able to get the 
.ship' would be taken over by 
the mostseniormemberof tfre 
* government Al present that is 
the Agriculture Minister, Mr 
Svale Lnndkvist, aged 67. 

‘ As well as;, his duties 1 as 


from MrPalme s predecessor, . envixnoiiKmt^quesffoh&.Mrs are inter- 

TageEriander, who is seen b} Bi^tta Dahl, minister with w We are inter- 

Swedes as a landsfader or responsibility for energy ques- 
national father figure, a man tions, wifi take over tins role. 

■ Mr Carisson ishimsetf ex- 
pected lb continue to deal with 
many environmental ques- 
tions, however, induding the 
add rain issue when be holds 
discussions at- the weekend 
with", Lord' WEftelaw, Mrs 


to the often bitter pofitical in- 
f%hting which characterized 
the various administrations of 
bis assassinated predecessor. 

“We shall seek solutions to 
problems that' unite the whole 
country”, he said. "There will 

of course be dififerences. be- . 
tween the political parties in 
friture, Birt we shall fry extra 
■hard to rracbipaity ana avoid 
eonflkxV . ,■ * ; .VV . 
-He stressed that be fiad 

same results. 

Mr Carisson confirmed that 
he will visit Moscow this year. 
Relations with the Soviet 
Union bad been damaged by 
many incidents in which Sovi- 
* submarines bad violated 

who sought consensus for the 
sweeping social anfl economic 
reforms introduced .after the 
war that made*. Sweden - a 
model social deipperacyj: » ■ ' 

■ Mr Pahne, shot dead in-a ' 

Stockholm streeion February 
28. broke with tius. tradition' Thatcher’s deputy, who. will 
and was - often accused- OF attend Mr Pafaqe’s state ftmer- 

arrogance and -of making inn 
warranted personal attacks on 
hfc opponents to Parliament. 

Mr Carisson'said he would 
seek particularly to avoid 


The new Prime Minister 
said government changes had 
not been necessary: “We al- 
ready had a strong govern- 

ested in having friendly rela- 
tions with the Soviet Union.” 

He also hinted at measures 
“of a selective character" 
aimed at boosting investment 
in Swedish industry. 

The Prime Minister said he 
was surrounded by very strict 
security, but hoped to pre- 
serve private sector” in his 
life, as Mr Palme had done. 

. Would he, as Mr Palme did 
the night he was murdered, go 
to the cinema late at night 
without a bodyguard? “I hope 
so, yes,” he replied. 

Victoria Sellers, aged 23, 
daughter of the late Peter 
Sellers and actress Britt 
Fkland, who has bees 
charged with trying to set 
up a drug network in New 
Jersey. She is alleged to 
have belonged to a. Holly- 
wood gang (Christopher 
Thomas wrftes)/-Five al- 
leged gang members have- 
been arrested ; flfesSdk 
ers is stiH 

Norway crisis budget 
will put up prices 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

Amid government warnings 
of “economic catastrophe”, an 
emergency package of budget 
adjustments is to be propored 
to the- Norwegian Storting 
(Parliament) today, that will 
mean substantial price in- 
creases in a Country that is 
already one of the most expen- 
sive in the world. / 

- Mr Rolf Presthus, the Fi- 
nance Minister, will call fin- 
higher taxes on alcohol and 
tobacco, both of which are 
already taxed prohibitively m 
order to discourage their use. 
The price of petrol, which has 
been dropping almost weekly 
since the bottom fell -out of.the 
oil market last January, would 
be bolstered and government 
subsidies on freer and-' lamb, 
long a target qf Mf Kaare 
.Willoch’s Conservative: ad- 
mmisfrfltioft TWikf he .re- 
■dnpedeflwfc 1 .* I -v-%' '.*■» i-r"; '/i:7 

Norway, Europe’s largest ofl 
producing nation after Brit- 
ain. has made strenuous ef- 
forts through the years of the 
North Sea oil bonanza to 
anticipate the hazards it now 
faces. Bat although it has 
managed to avoid becoming a 
one-product economy, oil rev- 
enues by last year were ac- 
counting for a fifth of the 
government's total income. 
This year, the proportion is 
likely to be closer to 6 per cent 

Some examples of current 
prices: bottle of “cheap” Nor- 
wegian whiskey, 1S1 kroner; 
packet of 20 cigarettes, 230 
kroner; 1 lb mince, 36 kronen 
100 gms Nescafe coffee, 42J0 
kronen small bottle shampoo 
1S.70 kronen one small lem- 
on, 2.70 kroner, tin baked 
beans {40QgmsX 14.90 boner. 
(1 kroner equals I Op-lfp.) • 

As the regional and national elections near, posters abound in Paris and other cities — one for the RPR leader, M Jacques 
Chirac, has been pasted over with a National Front message, while the other poster shows an untouched M Le Pen. 

Le Pen’s campaign loses its fizz 

From Diana Geddes 

The fizz has gone out of the 
National Front campaign. 
Maybe it was because we were 
gathered in a shabby 1950s 
finwnfl in a small run-down 
town on a cold night, or maybe 
it was because M Jean-Marie 
Le Pen, the Front's leader, was 
enable to produce his usual 
fire and brimstone at the end 
of another exhausting day’s 
campaigning. But one had the 
feeling that the extreme right 
was running oat of steam. 

The latest polls suggest that 
the National Front will get 
between 6.5 per cent and 8 per 
cent of the vote, grring them 
15-24 seats in the assembly. 
That is certainly an achieve- 
ment for a party which has 
never had any representatives 
in Parliament, and which only 
three years ago was rarely 
polling more than 2 per cent. 

But it is nevertheless very 
disappointing for a movement 
which, swept op on a wave of 

popular revolt against the 
economic crisis, racism, fear, 
and disillusion with the tradi- 
tional political parties, was 
launched into the political 
limelight in 1984 by winning 
11 per cent in the European 
Parliament polk and which 
had hoped to get 100 seats in 
the French election on Sunday. 

Undeterred by a recent 
unfavourable polk M Le Pen is 
still going round the country 
predicting more than 15 per 
cent of the vote and between 50 
and 100 seats. He brashes 
aside the gloomy predictions 
as part of a conspiracy by the 

Government and the ‘'Gang of 
Four” — the four other main 
political parties — to “do 
down” the National Front. 

It is a theme to which he 
returns frequently. We are 
"the little men”, battling the 
totalitarian power of the state 
and the establishment, with 
(heir stranglehold on the me- 
dia. he cries. They tell lies 
about as and try to vilify’ ns. 

There are “lots of little 
men” in the packed cinema in 
Mantes-ia-Jolie in the 
Yvelines, west of Paris, and 
they appland loudly. Had they 
not'seen how the m order of the 
Socialist sympathizer by* an 
alleged National Front sup- 
porter had made headlines, 
whereas the media passed by 
in silence the murder of two 
National Front supporters by 
yoong Moroccan immigrants 
in the south of France? 

And what about the allega- 
tions against their leader of 
torture daring the Algerian 
civil war; of underhand deal- 
ings to secure a fortune from 

his late benefactor; and of 
bribery to accept a Romanian, 
who turned out to be a 
suspected Communist spy , 
among his candidates for the 
European Election? Had not 
M Le Pen won every libel suit 
against those m a ki ng such 
scurrilous charges? 

A National Frost newspa- 
per carries a front-page inter- 
view with Baroness Bich, wife 
of the founder of the Bic 
empire of pens, razors and 
cigarette lighters, who is to 
stand as a National Front 
candidate in the Yvelines part- 
ly because she is “sickened” 
by the calumnies against her 
friend, M Le Pen. 

Although most of the Na- 
tional Front support consists 
of shopkeepers, farmers, bank 
employees, directors of small 
companies and the like, M Le 
Pen also has friends in high 
places, particularly among the 
more conservative ranks of the 
French aristocracy who like 
bis ardent nationalism and 
rejection of the state tutelage. 

signs deal 
to curb the 

From Martha Honey 
San Jose, Costa Rica 

Costa Rica and Nicaragua 
have signed an agreement 
setting up an international 
border commission to curb 
anti-Sandinisia guerrillas. 

Details were worked out at a 
day-long meeting of the depu- 
ty foreign ministers of the two 
countries and the Comadora 
countries. Mexico. Panama, 
Venezuela and Colombia. 

Civilian inspectors and se- 
curity advisers will come from 
the Contadora countries, Bra- 
zil. Peru, Uruguay and .Argen- 
tina. About 10 commission 
members and supporting se- 
curity staff will be based along 
the frontier. 

These and other countries 
are being asked to provide the 
commission with financial as- 
sistance, technical advice and 

The Reagan Administration 
has indicated that it opposes 
the commission, which would 
make it difficult for Nicara- 
guan Contras to operate out of 
Costa Rica. 

Contra sources say that if 
the US Congress votes addi- 
tional funds there are plans to 
increase their forces in Nicara- 
gua dramatically. 

Before becoming effective, 
the agreement must be ratified 
by the Costa Rican Parlia- 
ment where the Contras and 
the US enjoy considerable 
support The Costa Rican 
Deputy Security Minister, Se- 
nor Johnny Compos, walked 
out of Wednesday's meeting 
in protest. 

The Nicaraguan Deputy 
Foreign Minister, Seiior Vic- 
tor Tinoco, said at the signing 
ceremony that despite US 
opposition “what's important 
is that Latin America is back- 
ing this agreement very fully”. 
Nicaragua hoped to look for a 
similar agreement with Hon- 
duras. where the main Contra 
force is based. 

Strike shuts Finnish factories 

From Olli Kfrinen 

Last-minute negotiations 
failed to stop a strike yester- 
day which dosed all impor- 
tant factories, threatening the 
economic development made 
by Finland over the past 

. .The strike by the blue-collar 
union SAK is the first big one 

since metal workers went out 
in 1971. 

It began when negotiations 
between SAK. and the 
employers' union, the STK, 
were proceeding well The 
STK had presented a new 
offer during all-night negotia- 
tions but the union said it 
could not accept ft before all 
employers accepted iL : The 
STK' did not have lime to 

have its offer accepted by 
three other employers' associ- 

Mr Pentti Somerto, the 
STK leader said that about a 
quarter of the union's million 
mem bers are actually on strike 
on behalf of other unions, 
some of which had accepted a 
centralized wages agreement 

Iraq moves on Fao 

Bahrain (Reuter) — Iraq 
claimed yesterday that an 
army column advancing along 
the Fao peninsula had cap- 
tured two key positions and 
linked with a column attack- 
ing from the west. Baghdad 
called it a major break- 

But Tehran said that Irani- 
an troops had repulsed an 
attack on their positions on 

the southern tip of the penin- 
sula. killing hundreds of Iraqis 
and capturing at least 48. The 
battle look place on the Basra 
road north of the oil port. 

Meanwhile Mr Timothy 
Renton. Minister of State at 
the Foreign Office, said here 
Britain was deeply concerned 
at the extension of Gulf 
fighting and the threat to 



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14 1986 

Sharon alone 
after Herat 
party uproar 

•••:<.- -«*• .«,. ... 
’T - x »•*- , ? 

From lan Murray, Jerusalem 

flfg a M|l ; !iip 

.■■$>. - ■ v . :& & "■ *' ', t ’■ - 

-j* ■ ••'^52'-’* . _.7v , -t- 


jails Arab 
for attack 
on envoy 

French hostage crisis 

From Mario Modiano 

himself back on 
road to Damascus 

The Herat convention ad- 
journed in uproar early yester- 
day with Mr Ariel Sharon, the 
rogue elephant of The party, 
alone emerging relatively un- 
harmed from three days and 
nights of near constant vindic- 
tive abuse among the leaders. 

A real question mark must 
now hang over how long the 
party leader. Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, can survive as Prime 
Minister if he takes over in 
October under the terms of the 
present coalition agreement 
with Labour. 

Mr Shamir had spent most 
of the convention on the 
sidelines of the often violent 
arguments. Laie on Wednes- 
day. as the forces of Mr 
Sharon and his ally. Mr David 
Levj. threatened to sweep all 
before them. Mr Shamir tried 
to speak to save both his 
political career and the mid- 
dle-class. traditional stan- 
dards he stands for. 

Bui his microphone oratory 
scarcely rose above the roars 
of chanting delegates. It was 
only by contriving a way of 
adjourning proceedings indef- 
initely that he managed to end 
a destructive performance by 
the various pretenders io the 
role of Mr Menaehem Begin as 
ruler of Herat and of Israel. 

The scene for the final 
session was set by the result of 
the vote for chairman of the 
convention mandate commit- 
tee between Mr Sharon and 
Mr Binyamin Begin, son of 
the former undisputed leader. 
Since the Shamir camp had 
narrowly carried the day in the 

election for convention chair- 
man. Mr Begin started as 
favourite. But that was be- 
cause Mr Sharon’s charisma 
and ability to fight against the 
odds had been discounted. 

In the end he won convinc- 
ingly. securing the right to 
appoint new convention dele- 
gates. Thai was a right which 
would enable him to ensure 

victory for Mr Levy against 
the Shamir candidate in the 
election for chairman of the 
policy-making steering com- 
mittee. It was the battle to stop 
this that forced Mr Shamir to 
contrive an end to the pro- 

Before that happened both 
he and Mr Levy had outbid 
each other in hurling insults. 
Mr Levy was described by his 
leader as “a criminal” and 
jaicr as “a man driven by 
megalomania”. Mr Levy said 
that Mr Shamir's behaviour 
was better suited to 

Mr Sharon managed to 
stand aside from the slanging 
match and to appeal directly 
to delegates of both camps on 
the basis of his past reputa- 

The chief protagonists now 
have to rally support before 
the convention is recalled in a 
few weeks to try again to 
choose its leaders and then 
discuss policies. Mr Shamir 
can expect to stay on to be 
Prime Minister. But he will 
have to bring both Mr Levy 
and Mr Sharon into his Cabi- 
net to hold the party together. 

An Arab, aged 25, has been 
sentenced fay a Greek court to 
10 Vt years' imprisonment af- 
ter an abortive attempt to 
assassinate a senior Jordanian 
diplomat in Athens in 1984. 

The man, identified by his 
Moroccan passport as Axnar 
Mabroulti, was found guilty of 

illegal possession and use of a 

weapon, but the court accepted 
mitigating orcmnstances be- 
cause u he had not acted out of 
base motives.*' 

From Robert Fisfc, Beirut 


A despondent Mr Shamir pondering the results of the 
convention and the revolt against his leadership. 

CmrictioBS of Arab terror- 
> ists in, Greece have been rare 
and this development was seen 
as a sign of die Greek 
Government's declared inten- 
tion to co-operate with the 
West in counter-terrorism. 

Mr Asshn Qntieshat, the 
Jordanian Minister-Counsel- 
lor, told the court he recog- 
nized the defendant as the man 
who had tried to kill him on 
November 29, 1984 as be left 
the Jordanian Embassy in a 
car with his two children. 

The man's gun had appar- 
ently jammed and he escaped 
on foot leaving behind a rented 
motor scooter which eventual- 
ly led to his arrest the follow- 
ing day m a train beaded for 
Yugoslavia. Police witnesses 
said the defendant was a 
Palestinian connected with the 
Black September organ iza- 

Mr MabroHki, who spent IS 
months in prison awaiting i 
trial, denied the charges and 
claimed he had come to Greece 
as a tourist and borrowed the 
scooter from an Arab friend. 

Two Palestinians and one 
Libyan are in Greek jails 
awaiting trial on terrorism- 
related charges. 

Hostage negotiators tradi- 
tionally have a long travail in 
Lebanon and Dr Razah 
Raad's odyssey around Leba- 
non and Syria These past four 
davs has been no different. 

After having originally 
planned to fly home to Paris 
from Beirut yesterday, he was 
back on the mad to Damascus 
m the afternoon to seek 
further Syrian help in his 
efforts to free a four-roan 
French television crew, two 
French diplomats and a jour- 
nalist being held hostage in 

Apparently still without 
proof that the Islamic Jihad 
kidnappers have killed M 
Michel Seurat, the French 
researcher whom they claimed 
to have murdered last week. 
Dr Raad has not even re- 
vealed whether the four televi- 
sion employees will he freed 
soon. He said only that he had 
made “tangible progress” in 
his talks with leading Shia 
' Muslims in Beirut. 

President Saddam 
Hussein's pardon for the two 
Iraqi opponents of his regime 
whose deportation from Paris 
provoked Islamic Jihad's 
claim to have killed M Seurat 
has not, therefore, had any 
immediate effect on Dr 
Raad’s negotiations. He was 
quoted in the Beirut newspa- 
per an-Nahar as saying that a 
deal was “in the works” and 
that “consultations now focus 
on formalities, which are no 
less important than the 

Indeed they are. ft is almost 
certain that Dr Raad will have 
to pay some public tribute to 
Syria for its help in the 
negotiations — such courtesies 

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are imperative if negotiators 
here are to achieve success - 
but this still does not explain 
his sudden departure for Da- 
mascus yesterday. Dr Raad is 
a Gdultist candidate in the; 
French elections, and had 
booked an economy seat on 
vestertiav's .Middle East Air- 
lines flight to Paris. ' 

• But the negotiator is now ; 
talking of staying three more 
days in Syria before flying to 
Paris and' then returning to 
Lebanon. Mr Terry Waite, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury’s 
envoy, found himself flying 
the same kind of distances test, 
year, with no immediate suc- 
cess. when trying to secure the 
release of four American hos- 
tages imprisoned by Islamic 
Jihad in Beirut. 

• PARIS: Anxious not to 
raise false hopes about a 
possible release of the French 
hostages* the French, Govern- 
ment ts adopting an altitude of 
extreme caution in the wake of . 
the pardon granted by Presi- 
dent Saddam Hussein of Iraq 
to the two pro-Iranian oppo- 
nents of the Baghdad regime 
(Diana Geddes writes). 

While there is enormous 
relief that the kidnappers’ . 
most pressing demand has 
been met. government sources 
say the return, to France of the 
two Iraqis, who were expelled 
Iasi month, was a necessary 
condition for the release of the 
French hostages but was not 
necessarily a sufficient condi- 

They say the pro-Iranian 
kidnappers have in the past 
also demanded the repayment 
to Iran of a SI billion loan 
made by the. Shah. 

“I dtwY drink the Soviet 
Union wards as agreement”; 
Mr Richard Fcrie, the Ameri- 
can Assistant Secretory of 
Defence, ttM me bluntly in 
Washington * few toys ago. 

Other taembexs of the Aumn- 

KtratKm did not pat it in quite 
such nark terms, which was 
hardly surprising as M r Pferle 
is mended as probably .the 
principal tardfiner. 

Bat there fa no ledger any 
serous expectation in Wash- 
ington that a significant arms 
control agreement CooM he put 
together in time for a second 
Reagsn-Gortacbor summit 
later in the year. The differ- 
ences between foe Western 
and Soviet poririnns are too 

Of the three subject mens 
under discussion m foe Gene- 
va negotiations — space weap- 
ons, strategic arias and 
intermediate range nadear 
forces (INF) -41 is the test 
which is stiff considered to 
after the Jtest prospect. But 
there is no indication that foe 
process of narrow fag foe gap 
has «*» began after Mir 
wear 15 for an interim apw- 
jn cut m this field. . 

.. Mr Ferie is net atone rathe 
adawotsf ratioa .fa b eH ering 
that these proposals, represent 
a hardening of foe Soviet 
position on foe British and 
French deterrents. 

by lawyer 

Wiser to wait for . 
Moscow*s signals 

From Michael Hornsby 
Joha nne s burg - 
AJobamtesburg lawyer, Mr 
Laurence Tonkin, declared 
yesterday that /there was no 
apparent justification for a 
police decision to open fire on 
a crowd of Made schoolchil- 
dren last Tuesday outside foe 
Kabokweni magistrate’s 
court, near White Rrver. in foe 
eastern Transvaal 
j 7 Mr Tonkin witnessed the' 
incident in which at least one 
pupil was killed and many 
were wounded. He said the 
crowd was “very angry” but 
not uncontrollable. Contrary : 
to police claims, he heard na 
polios order to disperse nor 
anything “to justify the view | 
that the shooting was the last \ 
resort available. ” i 

A police captain asked to | 
speak to the leaders of the 
crowd. Mr Tonkin said he I 

persuaded six people to come 
forward, and had gone with 

forward, and had gone with 
them to find the captain when 
foe shooting started. 

“I was at that stage near foe 
police and 1 cowered, clutch- 
ing to myself two of the 
leaders. I was aware of chil- 
dren scrambling away from 
foe police. After the shooting, 
the area was littered with 
groaning pupils. 

“I was deeply shocked by 
what had happened and I 
burst into tears.” 

The Minister of Law and 
Order, Mr Louis Le Grange, 
yesterday ordered the Com- 
missioner of Police, General 
Johan Coetzee, to investigate. 

In Alexandra, foe black 
ghetto in northern Johannes- 
burg, a black policeman was 
shot dead on Wednesday by 
white police, according to a 
member of the .township's 
community council, Mr L. C 

Itmay sound cooc2i*tory to 
suggest that they maybe kept 
for. foe meantime. But Mr 
Gorbachov is making this 
offer only oh condition that 
they are not mo der n iz e d. To 
fasist on the deterrents becom- 
ing ohsoksoeot fa fa fact 
tougher than demanding straw 
compensation for foefr contin- 
ued existence. .- - 

Mr Ferie regards this as a 
sign that foe Soviets are 
simply not interested in an 
anas settlement. Others, it 
seems to me more wisely, wait 
to see what signals come from 
Moscow now tW tbeCoramu- 
■ nist Party -Congress fa over. 
Bat nobody in foe administra- 
tion seems to believe & -foe 
likelihood of swift progress'll 

This does not, however, rule 
ont another summit this year. 
What it means is that a second 
meeting between President 
Reagan and Mr Gorbachov 
would agate be essentiaOy 
atmospheric. The Soviet 
leader's visit to foe United 
States weald become a tourist 
spectacular. The “fireside 
snnumT' would be succeeded 
by “Gorbachov in 

This would not worry foe 
Americans. They are accus- 
tomed to atmospheric politics, 
believing that in public life 
appearances have a reality of 
their own. It is an art form at 
which Mr Reagan excels, and 
for once foe US could not be 
accused by its allies of block- 
ing the path to peace. 

Europe takes a 
tougher line 

Rebel troops 
rounded up 
by Museveni 

Fran Charles Harrison 

Array and police in Kampa- 
la, the Ugandan capital, have 
begun to round' up fugitive 
soldiers of the military council 
ousted by President Yoweri 
Museveni’s National Resis- 
tance Anny. 

Uganda radio has broadcast 
enters for any of the troops 
stiii at liberty to report imme- 
diately to army headquarters. 
Road blocks have been set up 
around Kampala to check for 
fugitive soldiers, but civilians' 
are not -being harassed. 

There has. been increasing i 
concern about security in the 
Kampala area recently and 
authorities believe many ! 
weapons may be in the hands 
of potential criminals. i 

ntish snub 
for Kabul 

It is America's Asian allies, 
not foe United States, who ’ 
have insisted that if medium .*■■ 
range missiles are to be etfrui-r 
Dated in Europe so must they 
be fa Asia by foe end of 1989. 

It is foe European allies not' 
the United States who have- :; 
developed reservations about 
the wisdom of removing an the' ~ • 

There are conflicting views 
within foe Reagan Adminis- 
tration about these European 

second thoughts; and foe Unit- 
ed States has decided to stick '' 
to foe zero-zero pro p os a l for;;, 
getting rid of all the > 

East and West T believe, • 
though, that there is some 
force in the European reserva- 
tions and that ft is no bad thing 

for European g o ve rn m ents to ■ 
be taking a tougher line than ( 
foe US for once. It matron h 
easier for such issues to be . 
considered on their merits 
within the Alliance. 

Batson both .rides of foe 
Atlantic, arms'contrri no long- 
er seems to be regarded as- . 
snch an absolute priority. 
-More attention is befagpaidto ■ 
the Overall relationship w ith , 
the Soviet Union. There is now ■■ 
the chance, 1 was told, of- 
putting this at last on a steady" 
and realistic basis. 

If this cottid really bedoner 
it would be better anyl. 
arms settlement font is evert 

* 11,1 


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Britain is io return, unan- 
swered. the diplomatic note 
from Afghanistan protesting 
at this week's . reception by 
Mrs Thatcher and Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, the Foreign Secre- 
tary. for the Afghan rebel 
commander, Mr- Abdul Haq 
fOur Political Staff writes). 

Britain has had no dealings 
with the regime of President 
Babntk Karma! since the Sovi- 
et invasion. 

sodden lurches from vitopera- j 
turn to euphoria and back; , 
again that have done more- 
than anything else to under-" - 
mine European confidence fa- „ 
foe American attitude to foe*.^ 
Soviet Union. . 7 ~ ^ 

An arms agreement fa a.- il • 
moans to an end rather tfare > 

oml in itself. Wlfoost a proper * 
measure of dear-s^hted an-- 
derstasding between foe ^ 

pwpawers it will be hard to 

a sensftde settle-; j 
mettt, and infinite!** harder to ’ . j 
make one ‘ V" 


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^Enm Mkfrael Hunton 
Colombo J 

.A Sri UB lan Govern- 
Toent yesterday unilateraUv 
StoppgLthe aenal bombing of 
rebel lndeouls m the Nortem 

. Tbt move'has been seen as 
reaction to recent criticism 
that it was not serious about 
seeking a peaceful political 
rotation to the ethnic crisis in 
the - stand. 

^ Making the announcement 
Mr LaEth AthulathmudalL 
the Minister for National 
Security, said that in return 
the government expected the 
rebels to. stop moving men 
and materials across the Palk 
Strait from India. 

A Sri Lankan official said: 
"If the cessation takes place, 
the bombing halt will continue 
for another week and soon the 

aim will be to generate a full 
ceasefire after one month. 
And then we shall be prepared 
to talk to any individual or 
group about a political 

An official government 
statement yesterday empha- 
sized the point by reiterating 
"its firm and unqualified com- 
mitment to a political resolu- 
tion of the current ethnic 
problem in Sri Lanka”: 

The statement said the gov- 
ernment believed that such a 
resolution "must rest upon 
reconciling and fulfilling the 
aspirations as wefl as remov- 
ing the fears and concerns of 
aO sections of our people.” 

It also declared that the 
government "appreciates the 

stops bombing rebel camps 

Tamil guerrilla fighters 
troops. They have been 

continuing good offices of the 
Government of India”. 

The indirect negotiations of 
Mr Romesh Bhandari, the 
senior dvfl servant in the 
Indian Foreign Ministry, be- 
tween the Sri Lankan Govern- 
ment and the militant groups 
seeking to enforce a separate 
Tamil state in the north and 
east of the island, ground to a 
halt last month when the Sri 
Lankans replied to proposals 
from the Tamils, h is expected 
that develop men is since then 
will enable Mr Bhandari to 

AK-47 rifles while returning to their camp near Jaffna after a battle with government 
’ upon to stop moving materials from India in response to Sri Lanka's bombing halt. 

restart negotiations. 

The Sn Lankan announce- 
ment was made against a 
background of escalating dip- 
lomatic ill-feeling with India 
over the halting of the 
Bhandari mission. The bar- 
rage of criticism included 
some bitter remarks from Mr 
B.R. Bhagat, the Indian For- 
eign Minister, in parliament 
and culminated in a statement 
from Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, virtu- 
ally washing his hands of the 
Sn Lankans. 

In an interview with a 
Calcutta daily newspaper, Mr 
Gandhi said: “Now we don’t 
want them to talk to us. We 
want them to talk (directly) 
with the Tamils”. 

Mr Gandhi expressed his 
disappointment with what 
had been achieved in the talks 
so far by saying that moves by 
the Sri Lankan Government 
"come too late, are loo small, 
and more needs to be done". 

The Sri Lankans are now 
offering to resettle refugees in 
certain mixed areas of the 

country in answer to an issue 
frequently raised by India. 
The first settlement will take 
place around Vavouniya. un- 
der the auspices of the local 
government agent. Mr 
Athulathmudali said: "The 
people there have lived to- 
gether for five or six hundred 
years or longer and . . . often 
think of themselves not sim- 
ply as Tamils or Sinhalese but 
as Vavouniyans”. 

If the first resettlement is 
successful, the experiment will 
be repeated in other areas. 

may get 

Sydney (Reuter) - Mr Nev- 
ille Wran, the Premier of Ne» 
South Wales, yesterday an- 
nounced a feasibility study 
into a plan to build a four-lane 
13-mile tunnel under Sydney 

Mr Wran said the SAas350 
million (about £160 millioa) 
plan called for the tunnel to be 
built by the early 1990s. 

It would be built in steel 
sections in a trench beside the 
50-year-old Harbour Bridge 
and wonld ran from Lavender 
Bay, in the north, to the 

It would use existing access 
roads and not affect any 
buildings. In 1982, four plans 
for another harbour crossing 
to complement the bridge were 
abandoned because they were 
environmentally unacceptable. 

Mr Wran said the latest 
plan was mapped out by a 
consortium of the Australian 
Transfield Engineering Com- 
pany and the Japanese 
Kmnagai Garni construction 
firm, with Westpac Banking 
Corporation organizing the fi- 

Mr Laurie Brereton. the 
state Minister for Public 
Works, Ports and Roads, said 
the bridge tell would more 
than double next year and by 
1989 wonld be five times the 
present amount. 

Britons at risk as 
riot hostages 
in Thai jail ‘war’ 

From Neil Kelly, Bangkok 

Some 100 Western prison- 
ers. including 11 Britons, ^are 
in the frontline of the "war” in 
Thailand's jails, which have 
been the scene of three violent 
rebellions in the past seven 
months. Thai prisoners have 
earned them that they will be 
•■hijacked" and used as hos- 
tages in the next prison rioL 

The warnings are being 
taken seriously because of 
heavy loss of life in the recent 
riots.* Officially 30 prisoners 
and three warders were killed, 
but well-informed prison visi- 
tors say the death toll was 
much higher. 

Several Western embassies 
have told the Thai Govern- 
ment that they are worried 
about the safety of their 
nationals. Although officials 
brash aside these fears, they 
have made changes inside the 
Bang Kwang maximum secu- 
rity prison just outside Bang- 
kok. The Western prisoners 
have been segregated in one 
section for greater safety in an 

Those Westerners who re- 
fused to join last year's riots at 
Bang Kwang and helped extin- 
guish fires started by the 
rioters are most at risk. 

For the first lime warders at 
the prison are receiving riot 
control training and specially- 

trained dogs have been 
brought in to back them up. 

Bang Kwang is regarded as 
one of the most brutal jails in 
Asia. Men there have been 
convicted of the most serious 
crimes and about 300 are 
under sentence of death. 

Only one Briton. John Sin- 
clair Western, aged 31. is 
imprisoned at Bang Kwang. 
He has served almost six years 
of a 33-year sentence for 
attempted heroin trafficking. 
The other Britons are at a jail 
for shorter-term prisoners. 

Overcrowding is a serious 
problem in all Thai jails. A 
Thai criminologist said: "The 
living space for one inmate is 
equal to that needed to lie on 
one's side." Another factor in 
the current unrest is the lack of 
a clearly defined and compre- 
hensive parole system. 

Several countries, including 
the United States, have signed 
treaties with Thailand permit- 
ting the repatriation of long- 
term prisoners ro serve the 
bulk of their sentences in their 
own countries, but the Thai 
Parliament has not yet ratified 
the treaties. 

Britain has had preliminary 
discussions about a treaty but 
British officials have indicated 
that they do not regard its 
completion as an urgent mat- 

Troubles pile up for Bolivia 

Austerity erodes 
unions’ power 

From John Enders, La Paz 

Two days of peaceful pro- 
test have ended in Bolivia and 
it has become increasingly 
dear that the country's tradi- 
tional ly-powerful trade union 
organizations mil have to do 
much more if they intend to 
force changes mPresjdent Paz 
Estenssoro’s tough austerity 

Workers, students, teachers 
and housewives marched 
through La Paz — 20.000 on 
Tuesday and about half that 
on Wednesday — to protest 
against budget cuts, the, freeze 
$ in public sector wages and the 
resulting recession which has 
hit since Dr Paz Estenssoro 
came to power last autumn. 

The once all-nowerfiil Cen- 
tral Obrero Boliviano; (Bohy- 
ian Workers' Central),. '■<be" 
national labour confederation, 
called the nationwide day of 
protest to show opposition to 
low salaries, high prices and 
the Government's programme 
in general. 

That programme was de- 
signed to cut the hyper-infla- 
tionary spiral during which 
inflation totalled more than 
8,000 per cent last year and 
reached an annual rate of 

about 24,000 per cent last 

The confederation, howev- 
er, refrained from calling pub- 
licly for a general strike, since 
its leaders are. now aware that 
their following is not what it 
once was. Public sector work- 
ers are forbidden from staying 
away to lake part in such 
actions, and wages in the 
private sector are not as low as 
in state enterprises. 

There was a minor confron- 
tation in La Paz on Wednes- 
day with some.tear gas fired by 
police, but even in mining 
regions the protest was report- 
edly peaceful. 

The Government says it 
will keep, public sector wages 
frozen at 30 million pesos a 
month (£10.9 million) until 
theend ofMay- The country is 
desperately negotiating -a $50 
million (£34 million) standby 
credit anti a $100. million 
compensatory credit facility 
with: the International Mone- 
tary Fund. 

The Planning Minister, Se- 
der Gonzalo .Sanchez de 
Lozada, has said Bolivia needs 
about $300 million in foreign 
aid this year to keep the 
austerity plan on track and re- 
activate the economy. 

Titicaca floods leave 
300,000 homeless 

From Our Correspondent, La Paz 

Some 300,000 people ha ve 
been left homeless as Lake 
Titicaca continues to overflow 
in what may be the worst 
flooding for 100 years. 

where losses are estimated at 
abopt £47 mflfion, according to 
Seftor Luis Fernando 
Valle,the Defence Minister. 
Titicaca measures about .5,000 
square miles and is the highest 

- - * — Ll - lalrB rn thp wnrlll. 

This year’s wet season has 
come with a vengeance and, 
since December, the almost 
daily heavy rainfalls have 
caused the waters of the lake 
high in the Andes to rise 7ft 
above their normal teveL 

Half the homeless are on the 

Bolivian side of the lake. 

>4>“; : -:.,spuvtA 

L ^V%:,r50rmtes 
-.Vi . «= 

,Tirr. uk whip, . 

and Cochabamba, as well as 
tens of thousands of acres of 
grazing and farmland in the 
central and northern parts of 
the country, are threatened by 
the flood waters. In Pern, the 
port city of Puno is heavily 

The intensity of the recent 
rains has caused highways and 
rail fines to be cat. In the rity 

of La Paz, the administrative 
s piral of Bolivia, about 50 
homes have been destroyed by 
mudslides in the last fortnight. 

On Wednesday, the. Boliv- 
ian military was mobilized to 

help the homeless. 

According to t e chnic al ex- 
perts, it will take up to two or 

three years for the waters to 
recede to their tra d i t ional 

Guatemala air 
crash blamed 
on crew error 

Guatemala City (AP) — Bad 
weather and human error were 
responsible for the January! » 
crash of a twin-engine jet that 
killed 95 people m a jungte in 
northern Guatemala, ntvesu- 
gators reported - 

4 The Caravelle jet of the 
private Aerovias of Guatema- 
la airline was carrying 
tourists, including two Brit- 
ons, and six crew when it 
crashed into a hill near Santa 
Sena, 298 miles north or 
Guatemala City. . . 

Investigators Warned the 
crash on light fog, dec ^°? 

to make an insinj.ment toe- 
ing, the possible nwsreaifr^o 
. the altimeter, and 
£ scam experience in flymfc ™ 

Caravelfe. ■ . .. 

The report said the black 
box. or flight recorder, was 
useless because the tape had 
been inserted incorrectiy- The 
last conversation recorcc was 
from a fliehi to Ecuador. 

Women killed 
in Sabah fire 
bomb attack 

Kota Ktaahaia, Malaysia 
(Heater) - A Chinese woman 
seed 70 and her Indonesian 
servant have been burnt to 
death in a petrol bomb attack 

on their shop-house in Tawan, 

eastern Sabah, daring Chns- 

tian-Muslim tensisx. 

The attack came as another, 
bomb exploded yesterday In 

tne capiuu » 

sum state, where bombs as- 
sured foer people on 


Eighteen two-storey snop- 
houses were destroyed as foe 
spread in Tawau, though the 
bESin Kota Kinabalu caused 

U tuS of Muslims 
abased passers-by 
rad crosses were painted on 
walls of the State Mosque. 
Police blocked phms i to march; 

c^Iteman CathohcSaoed 
Heart Church, b* a statue of 
jSs on the facade was 


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Wheels of fortune: the giant cycle factory (top) in 1894 
started by Frank Bowden (top right) in a workshop in 
Nottingham. Above: Raleigh's 1892 world champion 
A. A. Zimmerman, and (right) Bowden’s son Harold 


r<5.v*: >.. 



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w*3» ; 

Winning streak: Raleigh rider and world champion 


a rough patch 

A ssuming that you are not 
vourself a fanatical devo- 
tee of the chamois-lined 
crotch and the bnotted- 
siring. legs, can you name a single 
cun-ent British cycling champion? 
No. neither could I. but they do 
exist One of them even holds the 
title oflron Man of Europe, and she 
is a woman. 

Outside its own devotees, all 
gritted teeth and hunched pain, 
competitive cycling has never quite 
caught the British public imagina- 
tion. Its heroes and champions 
remain largely unsung outside their 
own arcane world, never having 
enjoyed the media exposure that 
can elevate the jousting knights of 
the once even more obkure art of 
snooker into national figures. 

But that may be about to change. 
Channel Four, encouraged by view- 
ing figures of 2 million for its late- 
night reports of the Tour de France 
last year, is repeating the exercise 
this "summer, but at early evening 
peak time. The BBC is promoting 
its bicycling radio fat man. Tom 
Vernon, to a television series. The 
Milk Race - small beer by world 
standards but the best we have — 
will for the first time this year stage 
a crowd-pulling big finish of 40 
circuits around central London. 

A series of round-the-streets races 
in provincial towns sponsored by 
Kellogg's cornflakes has generated 
respectable crowds. Later this year 
British cinemagoers are likely to be 
offered American Flyers, starring 
Dustin Hoffman as a professional 
cvclist in the Tour de France. 

That the profile of the bicycle 

Today Raleigh, Britain’s biggest bicycle manufacturer, hopes to announce a deal 
with its workforce to slim down its troubled Nottingham factory after several 
years of dramatically declining sales. Yet it seems only yesterday that the Raleigh 
team was toasting victory in cycling’s most glittering prize, the Tour de France. 
Alan Hamilton charts the changing fortune of the British bike industry 

should be rising, albeit slowly, is a 
matter of major importance for the 

British cycle industry, fighting 
cheap imports in a market which 
has fallen by a third in two years. It 
regards its future as being heavily 

dependent on the humble bike 
coming to be seen as an instrument 
of positive leisure rather than of 
cheapskate transport, a machine to 
be actively enjoyed rather than 
dragged from the shed only when 
you can't be bothered to walk the 

In 1983. 2.3 million bicycles were 
sold in Briiain; by last year the 
market had tumbled to 1.5 million, 
and the biggest sufferer by far was 
Raleigh. The shrinkage is due 
overwhelminglv to the collapse of 
the BMX (bicycle moto-cross) craze 
which has gone the way of the 
huiahoop and the skateboard with 
frightening speed. At the height of. 
the fad. 800.000 of the tough, 
chunky children’s stunt bikes were 
being sold each year, and the great 
majority of those made in Britain 
came from Raleigh. 

But Raleigh was in trouble even 
before BMX arrived to keep its 64- 
aerc Nottingham factory occupied. 
The return of the Conservative 
government in 1979 pushed up 
interest rates and strengthened ster- 
ling. and the company found itself 
priced out of export markets. Even 
the United States, where it had been 
selling 250.000 bicycles a year, had 
to be abandoned entirely. 

It shed labour and re-equipped its 
plant with the intention of defend- 
ing the home market and exporting 
to Europe. But by 1984 the £6 
million computer-controlled paint 
and assembly operation was causing 

major technical problems, and an- 
other 800 workers had to go. Late 
last year it called in a team of 
management consultants from 
McKinsey and their conclusions, 
some likely to be revealed today, are 
almost certain to say that Raleigh is 
still far too big. and its working 
practices outmoded. Recently Ra- 
leigh has even been forced to 
abandon sponsorship of the most 
successful cycle racing team in 
Europe when the balance sheet 
showed that keeping 30 riders on 
the professional circuit was costing 
£1 million a year. 

depressed market, and smaller com- 
panies with their own niche in the 
market, like the respected Dawes 
marque with 30.000 sales a year, are 
faring much better, they are the 
Jaguars to Raleigh's Austin Rover. 
The only sector of the entire cycle 
market to show an increase last year 
was touring and sports bikes in the 
£200-£400 range. This week, for the 
first time in several years, British 
manufacturers are represented at 
the important New York bicycle 

to happen in the country at large. 
Bikes still suffer from an image 
problem among the majority. 

“The industry's future lies m 
value, not volume. The firms who 
will do well are those who do mo st 
to identify their customers precise- 
ly. Even Raleigh are getting better at 
it; their 1986 range is of good 
quality, and well targeted at ihe 
health and fitness market.” 

t was a decision taken with 
great regret; Team Raleigh has 
won more Tour de France 

JSL trophies than any other team. 
Steven Bell of Raleigh explained: 

“AH that money and publicity was 
bringing us virtually no benefit in 
the crucial home market We have 
frankly been disappointed that cycle 
racing has not generated more 
interest in Britain.” 

No other British manufacturer 
approaches Raleigh's size. 
Holdsworthy, which has taken over 
the old Marlboro marque, claims to 
be second biggest, with just over 1 00 
workers producing 100,000 units a 
year from its Black Country plant 
Elswick Falcon on Humberside 
claims about 8 per cent of the 
market but of tbe 120,000 units it 
sells in a year, half are imported. 

But there are bright spots in a 

One saviour has been what is in 
effect no more than a BMX for 
grown-up children, the mountain 
bike or ATB - all-terrain bicycle - 
consisting of a standard but 
strengthened frame and fat chunky 
tv res. Yuppies and city commuters 
are taking to it enthusiastically 
because its design belps to iron out 
the spine-janing jolts of manhole 
covers and cobbles, and the makers 
of saddles are finally cottoning on to 
the fact that women's bottoms are 
designed differently from men’s. 

According to Nick Rearden of 
Bicycle magazine: “The mountain 
bike is helping to show that cyding 
is fun. There will probably not be 
another fed like BMX, but there is 

certainly a trend, and it involves 
healthy living and outdoor pursuits. 
Cycling as a positive leisure pursuit 
is certainly growing among the 
young upwardly mobile, but what 
happens in Hampstead is not likely 

P eugeot, who made bikes 
before they made cars, 
understand the British mar- 
ket and are among the most 
successful importers. But it is a very 
different market from the Conti Den- 
ial one.“In Europe, the bicycle has 
always been a natural and integral 
part "of the way of life, another 
consumer item to be bought, used 
and thrown away", says 
Rearden.“The Continentals will 
buy a new bike every couple of 
years, while the British store their 
machines in the garden, shed for 
life.” ■ . .. . 

It is a long way from the garden 
shed to the triathlon, a preposter- 
ously punishing activity which in- 
volves swimming, riding and 
running over lung-bursting dis- 
tances: it is a growing sport, even 
finding favour among many tradi- 
tional athletes, and the cycle indus- 
try hopes that it will catch on 
sufficiently as a spectator activity to 
stimulate tbe populace at large into 
participation. Three years ago there 
were only 20 British cycling profes- 
sionals; now there are 60. 

Sarah Springman of Cambridge, 
lion Man of Europe, might yet 
become a media star, as might 18- 
year old Stuart Marshal] of Lincoln, 
junior cyclocross world champion. 

And if they do, the hard-pressed 
mdn of Nottingham would like 
them to be riding Raleigh, 


The weekend starts here 

Rocking the US boat 

The protest song is 
alive and well and 
living in the craft of 
Jackson Browne, 
clean-cut stalwart of 
American rock 

Let the music begin! 

The festival season is about to start and towns 
and cities all over Europe will soon be playing 
host to an immense range of artistic talent. 
Surprisingly, the phenomenon of festival going 
hardly existed before the Second World War. 
Bernard Levin introduces a two-part guide to 
what’s happening where and describes the plea- 
sure he gets from the festival round. 

Life on the 
ocean wave 
Lessons for 

Jewels in 
the town 
Where to go, 
what to buy 

£22,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of Tbe Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of Tbe Times 



T here is something pain- 
fully flawless about 
Jackson Browne's ap- 
pearance. Tanned and slender, 
he wears a grey-blue shirt, 
grey jeans and sneakers. His 
face is boyish, though he is 
now 37 and it is 14 years since 
his first album. A Californian 
background and rock’n’roll 
are clearly good for yon. 

He is the clean-cat maestro 
of American popular music. 
Since 1972 he has produced a 
stream of successful records 
and retained an unusually 
stable and convincing reputa- 
tion. Browne is not cut oat for 
the complexities of Bob Dylan 
or the ironies of Randy New- 
man, but he will always be able 
to produce rousing anthems or 
haunting ballads. 

Much of. the air of neat 
perfection vanishes in conver- 
sation. He frequently appears 
puzzled and worried; with his 
legs crossed, he compulsively 
poshes the ends of his shoe- 
laces in and out of the air- 
holes in bis sneakers. His 
problem seems to be finding 
the answer to the question: 
Just how serious is Jackson 
Browne? One moment he is 
praising the whole artificial 
idea of Sigue Signe Sputnik as 
“refreshing” and the next he is 
agonizing about tbe identity of 
America. And his latest album 
— Lives in the Balance — is an 
almost relentlessly political 
tract which’ harks quaintly 
back to the "committed” rock 
of the 1960s. 

The album is the prodnet of 
almost three years of sus- 
tained political activity for 

time a president lied. The 
Vietnam war did serious dam- 
age ami now people are trying 
to rewrite history with a couple 
of pop movies — Rambo was 
just a way of trying to pretend 
we won that war. So the 
movies can't tell the troth bat 
music can. Yeah, I suppose 
they are protest songs — that’s 
a very lonely phrase.” 

Browne: “Movies can’t tell the 
truth but music can" 

Browne — "it began when 
there was a lot of fuss about a 
song 1 had written which was 
kind of sarcastic about 
Yuppies. Then a writer asked 
me why I was making these 
jokes - why didn’t I just go out 
there and speak directly about 
what was going on.” 

He began reading widely, 
and even provided music for 
national lecture tours that 
attacked the iniquities of 
American foreign policy. He 
spent time in Nicaragua. And 
it was in Managua in early 
1984 that he sang the first 
verse of “For America”, the 
opening song on die album. 

B ut this level of serious- 
ness was at odds with an 
instinct that told Browne 
to avoid a posture that implied 
he was pompously ignoring the 
fun of life. Hence the slightly 
self-conscious endorsement of 
Britain's latest home-grown 
'hype, Spotnik.“Well hr is re- 
freshing to treat it all as a joke 
sometimes. I mean I don't 
believe that a lot of these 
heavy metal groups in the 
States are serious - they've 
got to be kidding.” 

Browne was speaking in 
London on his way to perform 
in Germany. A British tour 
has been put off until the 
autumn — be ran oat of time 
malting the album. Tbe tour 
will be successful, for Browne 
appeals to an English genera- 
tion that grew up believing 
there was an outside chance 
the world was changing and 
that rock was the instrument 
of that change. Almost every- 
body lost faith in tbe idea bat 
Browne never did. 

“I think music does have 
power to change people. It 
changed my life. And I do 
think that rock music has 
taken the place of the church — 
people get a lot of their ideas 
and express themselves 
through rock. It gives people 

Bryan Appleyard 

©Tfrnes Newspapers LW. 1988 


W e were jnst sitting 
round a table and aU 
these other people 
had been singing these songs 
about their lives. Bat that one 
verse was all I had to sing. I 
write very slowly - the song 
wasn’t even finished by the 
end of that year.” 

Browne had grown to feel 
that only rock mnsic was 
capable of dramatizing the 
issues. “1 think Americans 
have a very broad and decent 
streak but there are certain 
realities we are not coming to 
terms with. 1 think it’s impor- 
tant that people start saying 
tbe President is lying — we still 
haven't recovered from the last 


1 S American cowboy 
( 6 ) 

S Get round 16) 

8 In favour of (3) 

9 Conviction (6) 

10 Be ambitious (6) 
tl Pervert (4) 

12 Unbeliever (8) 

14 Last par (3 J) 

17 Confuse (6) 

19 HentylVs comic 

knight (S) 

22 Orient 14) 

■*4 Velvet-like fabric (6) 

25 la single direction 

26 Fuss (3) 

27 Test summary (6) 

28 Placed below (6) 

uni ilium 
■ ■ ■ ■ 
aiaHBia min 

■ ■ ■ ■ 
■ ■■■■■ 

■ ■ m 


2 Stadium (5) 

3 Lame person (7) 

4 Casual (7) 

5 Strong musdes (3) 

6 Long tubes (3) 17 Foolf7) 

7 Narrow sea channel 18 Life jacket (3.4) 

O) 20 Impassive penon (5). 

13 Spanish cry (3) 

15 Not professional (7) 21 Characteristic airs (5) 


• fcsf 

The 134-vear-oW wreck of Thft ffirtAdftilC 

the HMS Birkenhead, lying 
on nf water on 

in some 90 feet of water off 

the Ope coast, has become a 
bone of .contention-betwecn 
the British and Sooth African 
governments . involving .deb- 
ate questions of maritime 
law and the protection of war 

Birkenhead, whose 

the end of last month. 

immortalized in tlai 
stoic ary» is the focus 


* S'- 

divers working for a South 
African salvage firm wrested 
24 gold coins from tne 
recently discovered, undis- 
turbed stem section, reviving 
speculation that the ship may 

have been carrying some 
240.000 gold sovereigns. Tbe 

Birkenhead occupies a special 

and sentimental place in the 
• ynnak of beTOISm 31 SC3. Site 
is not just another potential 
underwater treasure trove. 

The 1,900-ton vessel^ set 
sail for South Africa from 
Cork on January 7, -1852. 
Intended originally to be a 
frigate, she was one of tne 
first warships to have a him 
of iron, and was powe red fry 
steam-driven paddle wheels 
in addition to sails. .After 
taking on coal anil provisions 
at Simonstown, on the Cape 
peoisula, she put to sea ajpm 
on February 25 with 638 
people on board. 

These included 476 British 
soldiers bound for the 8th 
“Kaffir War” in the Eastern 
Cape, and some 20 women 
and children. Possi bly ow ing 
to compass error or treacher- 
ous currents, the Birkenhead 
kept to dose to the shore and 
ran on to a rock off Danger 
Point, some 50 miles south- 
east of the Cape of Good 
Hope. • ' 

The captain attempted to 
get the ship off the rock by 
putting the engines into re- 
verse, a manoeuvre .which 
merely succeeded in "ripping 
the bottom out of the vessel, 
dooming most of those , rax 
board to death by drowning. 

The ship had eight boats, 
but they wereall lashed to the 
paddle-housings and had 
been so little used that their 
rigging was ; dogged with 
paint and the davftsjaxnmed. 
Only three boats could be 
lowered into the water, and 
thqr quickly .filled, with the 
women and children. 

Knowing they would 
swamp ihe. boats if they tried 
; io. scramble aboard as well, 
the -troops. remained calmly 
on. -the ^Birkenhead, and, .ao-. 
cording to - k^end, did not 
eyeh break ranks .when' tun- 
nel and main mast crashed 
onto the deck. Moments lat- 
er, the ship, went down with 
•the loss of 445. lives. The 
soldiers’ stoic behaviour gave 
rise to the tradition of "wom- 
en and children first", still 
known, as . the Birkenhead 

■ The ship’s assistant master, 
who survived the disaster, is 
said to have told a Board of 

Enquir y in 1853 flat site bad 
740, 000 gold sovereigns OO 
board to pay, foe troops, 
though many , naval histori- 
ans alwavs doubted this. 
U nsuccessful attempts to re- 
cover the gold were made in 
1854, 1893, and IMS. 

Permission for the current 
salvage operation was given 
m January of fa* year to 
South African Nauonal Mon- 
uments Council. • The 
council's director. Dr .Chns 
Loedotif, maintains that the 
wreck has been abandoned 
for years, and fosttire British 
i-an have no chum to its 
contents. Under tire agree- 
ment wrth tire couadL the 

divers are exititfed to baJFof 

whatever .they salvage* and 
the South African- gpvem- 
HKnigets.the.resL ; . 

Pretoria contends that in 
terms of the Sea Stiore Act 

anything lying within South 
African territorial . waters be- 

longs to SopA- Africa. The 

however, that Britain stiffhas 
an •interest’?:, iti foe. Birken- 
head and its contents. "We 
have. never abandoned the 
wreck”, a spokesman for the 
British Btibasw ' in ' Cape 
Town said. “A British bot- 
tom remains a British bottom 
wherever it is: We are also 
anxious that there should . be 
no disturbance of a war 
teave”. • - 
Mr H.B. Zndc.. a. Ope 
Town numismatist,' who has 
examined ■ some of the ’24 
coins recovered so fir. says 
they are in excellent condi- 
tion and dun at least two of 
them — an 1837 WjJliam IV 
and a 1850 Victoria - may 
never have been in circula- 
tion. • 4 ‘ 

The recovered coins, ' £1 
when the ship wem down, 
would at today's gold price 
have an individual value of 
about R170 (about £60). Ac- 
cording to Mr Zuck, howev- 
er, collectors would be 
prepared to pay . between 
R500 *nd RZ50B "each for 
.fo# n. Dr Andrew Smith, 
professor of archaeojpgy at 
Cape Town University, said 
he was "totally against this 
kind of plundering of cultural 
resources for button”. 

" Dr Sibith said the South 
African National Monument 
Council had no diver on Its 
staff and thus had no way of 
“controUingwhat the salvag- 
ers are doing underwater” . 


Michael Hornsby 

Trustees a! Nnfcral Mvwim MOMuni 

wv-'ft *■* » ' rs* 1 a:-" • 

f . v v - -vVs j, 


1 ' ■ 

16 Louse egg (3) 

23 Sun screen (5) 


ACROSS: 8 Toad in ihe hole 9 Kid 10 Accordant u Rodeo 13 Ser- 
pent 16 Address 19 Daunt 22 Repulsion 24 Bar 25 Antimacassars 
DOWN: 1 Stoker 2 Candid 3 Pinafore 4 Stocks SHar 6 Lo- 
cate 7 Septet 12 Old 14 Rudeness 15 Nun 16 Abroad l7Dep-~~ 
i uiv 18 Smirch 28 Upbeat 21 Thrust 23 Lime 

V- ■' 'TV 



‘ 6 | 




Love’s labours twice lost 

- oitr cinoarKea upon more 

; •*’ csuti.Qusly thnn firsts but sslicc RodwcH 
: ffPPQjtS, their chances of failure are higher . 

Graftam Phflpot 

7 arm y! Jo hnson observed *h»* 

• ® .second marriage was a 

triumph of hope overexperi- 
«ce. Today's statistics give a 
measure of the frailly of that 
„ hope^AcCordingtoa report from thr 
. ftn^By PoBcy Studies Centre a 
. ‘divorced man 1 who remarries is one*' 

- and-a-haJf limes more likely to end. 
* 7 , tack hi -the ' divorce courts than & 
". bachelor -who marries- for the first 
;.‘time at the same age. 

*v For women /-the' prospects are 
‘-'bleaker: A divorced woman who 
, . rem arries is twice as likely to see her 
7 ' new marriage end in divorce as a 
7 ;.$Shgte woman marrying at the same 
’ ’age. The fciiurc rate is so marked 
l - that the -National Marriage Guid- 
ance .Council now ■ tubs group 
‘‘ sessions 'speaficaJIy for couples in 
;■ second marriages.- 
y!‘ To the .experts, the pitfalls of a 
'-''second marriage are blindingly ob- 

* vioius. To 1 the participants, : they 
“ often tan only be sem inhinebight. 

•/ ’It is not simply dial people fail to 
; learn from their mistakes; although 
\"Dr Jack Dominian of the -Marriage 
"• Research Centre at the Central 
_ Middlesex --Hospital in London 
r . : admits this can be part of the 

problem. - 

. He says:' ‘‘‘Sometimes a husband, 
/lor Wife will remarry in a hurry and 
" enter : hitp a problem situation 
*; without appreciating that they are 
1 ; doinp so. People who find it difficult 
io live -alone may go from one 
^. marriage to another, repeating the 
“‘same mistakes. But marriage is not 
;■ for companionship alone You have 
' 10 'make sacrifices. And there is no 
‘ -doubt that some people are unsuii- 

* ■ .able for any mamage — people who 
; are aloof who find it difficult to 
f ■ accept love or to relate to others. So 

' these people will find that the 
problems they faced m the first 

- "marriage will continue in a second 

V^one.” ’ - -. 

* Remarriage itself can carry built- 
in difficulties.' As Dr Dominian 

: says: ‘‘Within a second marriage . 
y there .is often Unfinished business 
from the first one. An ex-spouse 
' may be so angry dr obsessed by the 


• V i i 

+>• 'Age at • %erefinft- % ending 
marriage " In (fivorce ' : in cfivorce 
' - man women • . 

. 20-24 single ‘ 39 single 32 

. ’ .V drvoocod -58 " divorced -54 

•'25,29 MfiK" S 
* divorced ~4S dtygrced -‘42 

>3034 .‘single • 24- angle . -17 
divorced 38 divorced 34. 

35 - 39 “ single - ‘ 20-. r single . 13. 
divorced 32 cfivorced 27 

Source: OTCS 1983 - M 

. breakdown of the marriage ihaLthey 
may be unable to leave the second 
marriage in peace. There may be 
constant phone calls, reminders of 
*be past, pressures brought to bear 
on subjects like money or children. 
And there is no doubt that when the 
children froth the first marriage are 
present .in the second — the Cinder- 

- ella syndrome— this can be a source 
of continuous conflict” 

Zelda West-Meads of the Nation- 
al Marriage Guidance Council 
points out that many couples with 
children are too optimistic about 
creating an instant family through 
. remarriage. “The .reality is that it 

- takes a long time. Not only. have the . 
couple , to try to fonn a new 
-relationship — and that’s difficult 
enough — but, unlike a first mar- 
riage. there are other family mem- 
bers involved. Children may resent 
having to share a parent A wife may 
want her new husband to love her 
children and be may not be able to." 

She also notes the dangers in- 
volved in men marrying their 
mistresses, or wives their lovers. 
“Sometimes people go straight into 
a second marriage from their first 
The person they marry is the person 
who ‘broke up* the first marriage. 
-Yet often foe ‘other woman* or the 
‘other man* is what we call a 
transitional person, someone who 
. enables you to get out of an 
unsatisfactory marriage. If you mar- 
ry. This person straight away, you 
.start from a position of 
disadvantage.” . ... 

R ay is 47 and has been 
divorced twice. A self- 
employed garden design- 
er, he seems still rather 
puzzled by his marital history. “I 
got married for foe first time when I 
was 21 and That marriage lasted 17 
years. I felt that after the first few 
years my wifejnst stopped trying. 
She didn't want to -have parties, to • 
got out. Then after 12 years I 
discovered she had been having an 
affair with a business colleague. I 
stayed with the marriage because of 
the children. but in fhe^end I felt I 
'couldn't stand it any longer. I met a 
gill 15 years younger than me who. . 
was more on my wavelength. For 
years I had thought about nothing 
else but holding things together. 

: Finally 1 just thought: ‘what's foe 
point? There’s my hfe, too*. " 

“I folt Td had a raw deal from 
marriage and did not want to many 
again, but my girlfriend did. We had 
an octremely happy relationship — . 
when wemet she wanted fim out of ■ 
tife^and s^e wasiFt interested in 
■children. which tinted me. -Then. 
-suddenly it was all babies. Finally Jl i 
agreed, but it was too late. She gave ; 
me three weeks' notice that she was ■ 
going to leave, then she upped and i 


went I was completely devastated. 
The first divorce simply came down 
to goods and chattels, but the 
second tune I felt 1 was a failure.” 
Ray has married again — a divorcee 
aged 40 whom he met through a 
computer dating agency. This lime, 
he says, things will work out. 

Penny, on the other hand, has no 
desire to marry again. At present 
going through her second divorce at 
the age of 36, she says: “After 
having a year on my own, I don't 
think I could accept having to 
account for my actions to someone 
else again. I suppose the failure of 
both my marriages are related in 
some ways. Both my husbands were 

the same type of men — rather 
selfish and stubborn — although I 
didn't realize that at first. 

“I married when I was 19 and 
stayed married for 1 1 years. We had 
reached a kind of stalemate where 
we just didn't get on. In fact, my 
husband was having an affair 
although I didn't know that until 
after we had separated. Seven 
months after the divorce came 
through I married a man who bad 
been a family friend. Looking back, 
I think a lot of it was a search for se- 
curity. 1 felt very alone and I had 
three young children. I couldn't get 
out much, and he used to come 
round. It was nice to have someone 

there - but it wasn't the right reason 
to marry. It look me three years to 
realize it. He walked out in the end 
but it was probably as much my 
feult as his." 

Some experts would say that the ! 
seeds of failure were sown in Ray's ! 
and Penny's second marriage from 
the start, because they married for 
the “wrong' reasons:' Ray under 
pressure from a girlfriend whose 
long-term view of marriage turned 
out to be very different from his 
own: Penny out of desire for 
security and a fear of loneliness. 

But those same experts would 
point out that when second mar- 
riages work out, they can be far 
better and deeper than the mar- 
riages that preceded them. Zelda 
West-Meads says: “In a second 
marriage you are usually older, with 
more life experience behind you. 
You have changed and developed 
and are more at ease with yourself 
as a person." 

O f the single men who 
marry for the first time 
between the ages of 20 and 
24. 39 percent are likely to 
get divorced. For the divorced man 
who remarries at the same age, the 
figure is 58 per cent. But if a man 
does not embark upon his second 
marriage until he is between 35 and 
39. then this marriage has only a 32 
per cent chance of failure. In other 
words, he is more likely to make a 
success of his second marriage than 
a man 10 years his junior will make 
of his firsL 

The same tendency can be seen in 
women. Single women who marry 
between the ages of 20 and 24 record 
a 32 per cent failure rate, divorced 
women who remarry at the same ; 
age, a 54 per cent one. But a 
divorced woman who remarries 
when she is in her late 30s faces 
better odds: the divorce rate in this 
category is only 27 per cent. Despite 
the overall picture, second mar- 
riages are by no means doomed 
from the start. 

Surviving the 
threat of AIDS 


Sarah and Clive Buckley, from 
Abingdon in Oxfordshire, are deter- 
mined to make their second mar- 
riage work. Sarah first married 
when she was 23, Clive when be was 
25. Sarah's first marriage lasted five 
yean, Clive's 10. When they mar- 
ried each other 18 months ago, each 
had spent some time alone; Sarah 
was then 30 and Oive 38. 

Sarah says: “If yon leave one' 
marriage to marry someone else, 
that most he fraught with all lands 
of difficulties. But we knew that oar 
first marriages were well and truly 
dead. My daughter adores Cfive mi 
ClrveVson is just glad his Dad is 
happy. Just because you love some- 
one doesn't mean yon will love their 
children br that they will love yon, so- ' 
anything's a bonus. 

"I want this marriage to work. I 
think, in the end, it boils down to 

Buckleys and daughter 
determined to succeed 

give and take. You have to be honest 
with . yourself, ask why you are 
getting married. I can remember 
being a bag of. nerves when it was 
getting close to the wedding day 
trying to work ont if I was just 
marrying for security, if I was 
jumping out of foe frying pan into 
the fire. I tried to analyse it, but in 
the end it jnst felt right" 

Clive says: “If something goes 
wrong with a first marriage there is 
a danger of haring emotional and 
psychological scars which yon find 
difficult to leave behind when yon go 
on to another marriage. I like to 
think I was able to go into a second 
marriage in a calm frame of mind. 
Haring two years or so on my own 
before meeting Sarah helped. 

“Divorce didn't put me off mar- 
riage. I felt things couldn't be as bad 
as that first experience. And a lot of 
things I went through in foe first 
marriage were helpfuL I was able to 
refine my thoughts about what 
marriage meant, foe importance of 
being honest with each other, work- 
ing together as a team. I think the 
lessons you can learn from the 
breakdown of a first marriage can 
help yon make a success of your 

4 August 30, 1985 was 
one of the few sunny 
days in a pretty appall- 
ing summer. 1 shall 
remember (hat day for 
as long as I live. It was a day 
when my heart stopped, my 
blood froze, and 1 physically 
shook for the first time in my 

At approximately 10.50 in 
the morning a pleasant, be- 
spectacled woman doctor told 
me that I was an AIDS- 
carrier, or to be more precise 
that I had been diagnosed as 
positive in a test for HTLV-III 

Four weeks before I had 
woken up in the middle of the 
ni^ht with a nightmare. I was 
going to die of AIDS. It was 
vivid, bat it was nonsense, and 
to prove that it was I would go 
to a hospital to take a test. As 
a gay man it was clear that I 
could be a carrier. 

That morning at ten o'clock 
1 gave a simple blood sample, 
all that was required. I was 
told to come back four weeks 
later to collect the result. 

I don't remember thinking 
of AIDS or the test more than 
once or twice during the 
intervening weeks. I was 28, 
fit. my acting career was 
looking up and my life was 
full.l almost decided to miss 
the appointment 
i suppose that I guessed it 
was bad news the moment I 
saw- her. Her face was friendly, 
even warm, but there was an 
anxiety in her eyes. She spoke 
to me solidly for almost half an 
hour, telling me what the 
implications of a positive re- 
sult were. Some of what she 
said went in. a lot passed me 
by. 1 remember feeling numb 
and cold. I asked some banal 
questions about life insurance. 

At 11.30 I found myself in 
Praed Street. Paddington.] de- 
cided to keep a lunch appoint- 
ment with a friend, and for an 
boor and a half I was very 
calm and collected. I then 
had the worst three or four 



weeks of my life. I woke up in 
the mornings shaking. I wrote 
a wifi, f drank rather too 
heavily. I started having 
thoughts about what sort of 
funeral I wanted. I even prayed 
to a Cod I didn't believe 

One night I got out of bed at 
3am, pat on my shorts and ran 
faster than I have ever run in 
my life. I almost felt as if my 
life depended on it. 

SLv months later my life has 
settled down. The idea of 
killing myself because I was 
frightened of dying has ceased 
to seem logical. Regular con- 
sultations with a clinical psy- 
chologist helped. 

According to the only data I 
know of. only 20 per cent' of 
people diagnosed as having 
the HTLV-III antibodies will 
show any symptoms of AIDS 
and only about half of those 
will develop the disease. Stress 
and alcohol are two of the most 
important things that decrease 
immunity in general. With the 
use of yoga and the simplest of 
breathing exercises I no longer 
suffer from stress and I have 
cut back my alcohol intake 

What of the future? Well. 
I'm still as fit as a fiddle, 
working, and I've a new boy- 
friend who, like me, is HTLV- 
III positive. We met through a 
marvellous organization called 
Body Positive, for people who 
are in our particular boat. 

People in my position do not 
want pity. What we do want is 
for people to realize that we 
are not in the least dangerous 
to other people save for the 
most intimate sexual contact. 
We need the love and support 
of our friends and srr»\ 
money to be spent on 
looking for a cure so h “t 3 
that this virus does not 
become an epidemic. ^ 

Lifeline for victims 

The traumas associated with 
the test for the HTLV-III led 
Jonathan Grimshaw to sum 
Body Positive, which now has 
100 members and 1.000 asso- 
ciates. writes Gina Sereny. 

“Pre-test counselling is essen- 
tial for anyone having the 
test", he says. “No one should 
have to live through the 
trauma of finding themselves 
testing positive without im- 
mediate counselling at ihcir 

Thirty-five members are be- 

ing trained in counselling by 
psychologists and professional 
counsellors who have volun- 
teered their help. The organi- 
zation is in close touch with 
London hospitals and the' 
DHSS. publishes a fortnightly 
newsletter, holds almost daily 
social -and educational meet- 
ings ^nd is well on the way to 
becoming the essential life- 
line for otherwise desperately 
isolated HTLV 111 carriers. 

The address of Bode Positive is 
BM Aids. London ti'ClM 3XX 


A secret craving for the cradle 


Midnight feastsare foe stuff of 
. girls', school stories- A_ report, 
however, in a recent issue of 
the British Medical Journal 
describes aroaitin his late 30s ' 
. who impulsively raided the 
fridge about, four times every 
night; ' every - IV* 
hours. According to his wife he 
muttered when spoken to and 
often forgot - the following 
morning foal be had got out of 
x bedL suggesting he was not - 
; fully awake. 

*• ■ The man spent six nights ra 
i s sleep laboratory - surround- soft drinks, a pork pie, 
il . Crisps and biscuits - and his 
r nocturnal hpbii was watched. 

* by doctors: ‘ . 

1 What foe research discov- 
ered was that his bouts of 
eating, which included felling 
asleep while still chewing, 

» coincided with . a rapid eye 

* movement sleep (when the 
.• eyes dart forwards and back- 
\ wards under foe eyelids) 

* • .which is often associated with 
©dreaming. - 

l What is interesting is that 
? ©this behaviour ties in with 
^-research on the sleep .partem 
©of babies feeding on demand: 
Lcnes for food are also related ■ 
* . to rapid eye movement sleep, 
i. In addition, it has been .dis- 
covered that adults kept in an 
T unstructured environment, 

! . when they do not know what 
! time of day or night it is. tend 

* to eat and drink every HX) 

* -minutes when they are awake. 

The researchers point out 
that this man’s apparently 
: bizarre behaviour is normal. 

5 Hi was indulging in- rhythmic ■ 
- ■ eating and drinking which the 

* Vest of us would also do if we 
?. -had not Jearnt to suppress it in 
jf‘ childhood. .- 

; Natural cycle 

Cl wmmmDiet is not the 
jonly fofior 
J which affects 

I constipation. 

» k. ' y You* hab- 

' J Us depend on 

'■ ( you r sex and for 

» women, the stage in the men- 

* strual cycle. ' • ' „ . - 

' A studv i n the journal Gut 
’ has shown how bowd function 
l can vary substantially in per- 
t feet l v healthy women. At the 

* 'end of the cycle -just before the 
5 bleeding begins ’thee nnwrtff 

* « nfrka nt,1 tnlfl 1WICC OS tOTlg IO 


, ana mwa . 

a frequent than in ike. first Jen 
» 'dm of the period. , • 

' The researchers - 
* with Professor John 
l Dickerson, clinic nutritionist 

at the University of Surrey, say 
that these normal changes 
may be misdiagnosed as the 
more serious ” irritable bowel 
syndrome" - when a person is 
hit by irregular and uncom- 
fortable bowel movements. 

There are also considerable 
differences between men and 
women: men produce larger 
quantities ana softer' stools 
than women. 

Soldiering on 

Selecting sol- 
diers to with- 
stand the 

pressures of 
warfare has nev- 

er bees imdens- 

H&JHHBtiniated by foe 
British Army. Now, foe Min- 
istry of Defence has given 
Professor Pan! Kline foe 
Department of Psychology at 
Exeter University a grant to 
investigate the performance of 
soldiers suffering from lack of 

sh*P- , 

Manoeuvres can last for 
days with soldiers having foe 
survive for five or six days 
without any decent steep. This, 
is increasingly dangerous be- 
cause of the complicated tech- 
nology found with military 

Over the. next two years 
Professor Kline hopes to dis- 
cover what qualities are found 
in soldiers best able to resist 
foe difficulties, -say, of loss of 
concentration that accompa- 
nies hick of steep. 

In time, foe British Army 
hopes to ' be able to tailor 
training programmes and to 
design machinery to mi nim ize 
the possibility of a disastrous 
mistake. Professor Kline 
hopes that his research will 
shed light on the problems 
faced brother people working 
muter foe stress of sleep 


The tipsy tots 

r — ■THThe dangers to 
M- . I children of pills 

{ . J left out of the 

I - J I medicine cabl- 

net or bleach left 
| under -foe smk. 

L_JB^H__Jare well known, 
but ii is easy to overlook 
another common household 
toxin - alcoholic drink- 
.In a study recently pub- 
lished in the British Medical 
Journal, doctors in Notting- 
ham and Glasgow found that 

143 children were admitted to 
hospitals in the two cities with 
acute alcohol poisoning be- 
tween the years 1973 and 
1 984. Although a few had been 
forced to chink in violent 
circumstances most had been 
drinking of their own accord. 
All eventually recovered but 
many needed intensive care. 

The biggest danger, accord- 
ing to paediatrician Dr John 
Beattie, now at Sterling Royal 
Infirmary, was to toddlers 
who fell -foul of their own 
curiosity and drank alcohol 
which should have been kept 
out of their reach. A common 
problem was “Sunday morn- 
ing syndrome" with children 
of just three or so years 
sampling the delights of Mum 
and Dad's Saturday night 

The second risk group ap- 
parent from the study was 
children of around 12 years of 
age. Bravado and understand- 
able curiosity left a few young 
teenagers feeling very ill in- 
deed. More education at home 
about sensible drinking could 
help prevent this. Dr Beattie 

Homely births 

A study conduct- 
ed at the Queen 
Charlotte's H os- 
tial in London 
as shown that 
women may be 
better off having 
their babies in a low technol- 
ogy birth room” rather than 
in ' a high technology labour 
ward, provided there are no 
major complications during 
the birth 

The birth room at Queen 
Charlotte's is bedroom like 
and homely. Women using it 
are not offered epidural anaes- 
thesia or continuousfeted heart 
monitoring, but jhey are with- 
in reach of a fid h’ equipped 
labour ward should things go 
wrong. - 

One hundred and forty eight 
women. jook part in the study, 
just published in the British 
Journal of Obstetrics and 
Gynaecology, all of whom had 
had a previous normal deliv- 

As might have been expected 
some of ihdse who started out 
in (he birth room had to switch 
to the labour ward as problems . 
arose. But for those .who 
remained : there were real ad- 
vantages: they felt they had _ 

more Jreedom to move around, 
thev spent less time in hospital 
in labour, they were less likely 
to be sutured after the birth 
and they fell more positively 
towards their babies. 

Asked whether they would 
like to give birth in the same 
environment again. 90 percent 
of those who had used the birth 
room said ves. Only five of 72 
women alfocate to nave their 
baby in the labour ward re- 
sponded positively. 

Doctors at Queen 
Charlotte's say a much larger 
study will be heeded to assess 
the true safety of the room. 

Sounds successful 

Test tnbe fertil- 
ization special- 
ists believe that 
a new method of 
collecting eggs 
using ultrasound 
can greatly im- 
prove foe ease and success of 
the procedHreitat the tech- 
nique is as yet only available at 
a few centres. 

It uses an ultrasound scan to 
display the position of ripe 
ovarian follicles on a screen. 
The doctor then uses this to 
guide him as be inserts a fine 
needle throngh foe abdomen 
and into the follicles so that be 
can aspirate the eggs. 

Advocates say that the ul- 
trasound method has several 
important advantages over 
laparoscopy which is the more 
usual procedure. The 
laparoscope allows the sur- 
geon to view directly foe inside 
of the body canty, bat to do 
this it has to be inserted 
throngh an incision in the 
abdominal wall and a general 
anaesthetic is nsually needed. 

Ultrasound is non-invasive 
and can be done under a local 
anaesthetic. In addition, ultra- 
sound can “see" though the 
tissues of the body artel so its 
view is not blocked by scarring. 

At foe Haltam Medical 
Centre in London, a private 
clinic which has dose links 
with specialists at Professor 
Stuart Campbell's unit at 
King's College Hospital in 
London, all egg retrievals are 

done using ultrasound. 

Doctors tbere say this policy 
is largely responsible for the 
success of foe programme so 
far. In just 18 months they 
have achieved 121 in vitro 
fertilization pregnancies and a 
success rate of 25 per cent 

Olivia Timbs and 
Lorraine Fraser 

Magazine of Character 



April 1986 £1 


s ?i TV - 

’ lUtySf life 


In this issue, 26 rages of elegant ideas 
for your inspiration. 

For sale -with contents 



The outstanding garden of England's oldest 
manor house. 

Michael Smith’s new Iamb recipes and 

Derek Cooper’s seasonal wine recommendations. 



Kathryn Samuel on the new season’s look - 
it’s all shape. 

David Hicks’ informal, stylish arrangements . . . 
Alan Titchmarsh’s simple guide to topiary. 


Transform a Victorian semi: enter our 
£4,000 competition. 

Other distinctive features include: 
Collecting antique occasional tables . . . how to achieve 
the tasteful look of colours faded by time . . . 
Brian Jackman on rare animal breeds . . . 
and the subtle colour-scheming of a Regency house. 

April HOMES I out now 




Body snatch 

Hie newly knighted maverick of 
the Tory Party. Sir Richard Body, 
conspired spectacularly with 
members of the Labour Party 
yesterday to foil a Conservative 
plot Sir Richard — bitterly anti* 
EEC champion of small farmers — 
was in line, as the next most senior 
Tory, to succeed John Spence MP, 
who died last week, as chairman of 
the Commons Select Committee 
on Agriculture. But three Tories 
on the committee. David 
MacLean, Andy Stewart and Da- 
vid Harris, objected to Sir Richard 
and his anti-NFU activities and 
asked the Whips to appoint a 
senior Tory to the committee 
immediately, so he could be voted 
in over Sir Richard's head. Too 
late, though: Labour's Joan May- 
nard. Gavin Strang and Tom 
Tornav. together with Sir 
Richard’s ally Albert McQuarrie. 
got wind of the plot and moved to 
elect a chairman on the spot. The 
vote for Sir Richard was unani- 
mous - with the three plotters left 
looking fools as abstainers. 

Jo goes 

As toilers on Robert Maxwell's 
Daily Record in Glasgow receive 
their redundancy notices, news 
reaches me that the Daily Mirror's 
number three. Jo Foley, has quit 
Yesterday both sides were 
“consulting solicitors". Less than 
a year after leaving The Times for 
Maxwell (she was tipped to be- 
come Fleet Street’s first woman 
editor), she goes amid speculation 
that her managing editor’s job 
proved less central than she 
hoped. Last year she became 
involved in Maxwell’s plans (un- 
covered here) for a full-colour 
down-market paper, tentatively 
named Good Day. Since then her 
life has become less colourful — 
ending up running the Mirror's 
odd version of a “colour section", 
black print on pink paper. Where 
is she going now? “On holiday/’ 

• Inside sources tell me a Channel 
Tunnel police force of 50 Kent 
officers is to be formed as an 
independent unit, working with the 
French police, to tackle drug- 
dealers. terrorists, rabies and. I 
am told, white-slave traders. 


Who says Andrew Lloyd Webber 
is only interested in seeing his 
name in lights? At the first night of 
Cafe Puccini by Robin Ray, a 
photograph and biography of 
Llovd Webber that had appeared 
in the programme during previews 
was removed in favour of a simple 
biography of his Really Useful 
Theatre Company. Yesterday, a 
spokeswoman pooh-poohed talk 
of artistic clashes within the 
production team. "Andrew has 
generously derided that the credit 
should go to the production team, 
not him. We've removed his name 
from adverts for Lend Me a Tenor 
for the same reason.” 


•Dirty, rundown, uneconomic 
— it seems weYe 
jast ripe for a takeover' 


Fiona Halton. head of British 
Film Year, will not be knocking it 
back with the other cinema 
glitterati at Sunday's Bafia film 
awards ceremony. Although Dom- 
inated as Woman of the Year and 
winner of the British Sales award 
for helping to boost cinema atten- 
dances by 40 per cent last year, she 
has not been invited. No offence 
intended, said Bafia yesterday. 

Brittan beat 

After Red Wedge comes an even 
worse political intrusion on to the 
disco floor. A group called TDA 
has already sold 6.000 copies of a 
record featuring impressions of 
Leon Brittan being grilled on TV 
by Brian Walden against a disco 
beat. The group describes the disc. 
The Faces of Freedom . as a tribute 
to Briiian's role in the Westland 


To Neil Kiunock's private dis- 
tress, the election of the moderate 
Glenys Thornton to the chairman- 
ship of the Greater London La- 
bour Party is proving a hollow 
victory. The Kinnockite Mrs 
Thornton, who ousted the hard- 
left .Anhur Latham, scraped in 
thanks to Nupe's block vote. But 
at the recent elections, the hard 
left seized a majority of the 
executive seats, leaving Mrs 
Thornton a mere puppet In their 
hands. Poor Kinnock. The 
Greater London conference had 
voted in favour of the inquiry into 
Liverpool District Labour Party 
and the plans for its disbandment 
and reoiganization: the new exec- 
utive has now offered its support 
to Lambeth and Liverpool coun- 

attm - PHS 

Maralinga: looking for a deal 


Anglo-AustraJian relations have 
recovered from the strains caused 
by the royal commission report 
into British nuclear tests in Aus- 
tralia Since it was tabled in 
Parliament here four months ago. 
Bui a new phase, involving a 
protracted series of negotiations, 
could lead to further differences 
unless each side shows concern for 
the other’s position. 

The recommendation by Mr 
Justice James McClelland, presi- 
dent of the commission, on the 
future of the outback sites contam- 
inated bv the tests tried to deal 
with a complex issue by a simple 
device: make Britain responsible 
Tor rendering the ranges "fit for 
unrestricted habitation by ihe 
traditional Aboriginal ^owners as 
soon as practicable". Almost 
immediately. however. Bob 
Hawke's Labor government ac- 
knowledged that there was more 
to the question of the kind of 
clean-up operation necessary and 
who should foot the bill. 

A technical advisory group of 
scientists from Britain and Austra- 
lia. established after ministerial 
talks in January 1 , has just complet- 
ed its first round of meetings and 

Stephen Taylor reports on the tussle ahead 
over Australia’s big radioactive clean-up 

on-site inspections. By May. it 
should have submined a report 
offering a range of options for 
clearing the worst contaminated 
range, the Maralinga site in South- 
ern Australia, of around 21.5kg of 
toxic plutonium waste. 

it is bound to be an expensive 
business and the two governments 
cannot agree on who should pay. 
Britain holds that under the terms 
of a document signed by the 
Australian government in 1968 it 
has neither legal nor moral respon- 
sibility for Maralinga. The Hawke 
administration maintains that, as 
previous decontamination work 
was ineffective. Britain is still 
bound by the 1956 memorandum 
of agreement in which it under- 
took liability for “such corrective 
measures as may be practicable in 
the event of radioactive contami- 
nation resulting from tests”. 

Senator Gareth Evans, who as 
minister of resources and energy is 
conducting negotiations, says he 
has “reasonable confidence" that 
the two positions can be recon- 

ciled. He told me: “Our desire has 
been to lower the temperature 
after the McClelland hearings and 
get on with the job of making a 
technical assessment of our op- 
tions before we gel back to the 
negotiating table." 

He said that when he met Sir 
Geoffrey Howe and other British 
ministers in January be was not 
surprised by their refusal formally 
to accept moral resposibility for 
cleaning up Maralinga; it would 
have been unrealistic to expea 
anything else at so early a stage. 

“It is an intergovernmental 
problem which has to be solved in 
a sensitive way. I took the view 
that on the basis of the report - 
unspecific as it was on the issue of 
a clean-up, but very explicit about 
ascribing responsibility — it 
would be a mistake to expect the 
British government response to be 
other than what it has been. 

“I believe, though, that when 
the technical issues are clearly on 
the table and it is not simply a 

blank cheque that we are asking 
the British to sign, then they will 
do the honourable thing. Natural- 
ly we want the British government 
to pay but you don't get anywhere 
by screaming." In turn, the Aus- 
tralian side had been encouraged 
by Britain's co-operation and 
willingness to talk things through. 

The government’s concern for 
British sensibilities is in sharp 
contrast to McClelland's vigorous 
criticism of Whitehall bureau- 
cracy during the hearings. It may 
even be that the two responses are 
related, for there is embarrass- 
ment here at some aspects of the 
commission's work. Editorial 
writers agreed that McClelland 
compromised his position by gra- 
tuitous “Pom-bashing” 

The cabinet has not yet decided 
its response on the other key 
McClelland recommendation, 
that Canberra should compensate 
Aborigines for loss of access to 
traditional lands caused by the 
tests. But it has disappointed 
Aboriginal groups by rejecting the 
proposal for a Maralinga commis- 
sion, with' Aboriginal representa- 
tives, to oversee the clean-up 
operation. . 

Sir Gordon Borne, director-gen- 
eral of the Office of Fair Trading, 
has been complaining that too 
many people are in debt, and 
"thousands ... are falling behind 
in their payments". You may ask 
what that has got to do with fair 
trading; the obvious answer is 
nothing, but Sir Gordon does have 
an excuse. The failure of Mr and 
Mrs Higginbotham to keep up 
their hire-purchase instalments 
(the “never-never” it was called 
when I was a boy) cannot be 
described as trading, fair or unfair, 
but the provision of the hire- 
purchase goods and terms can be, 
and Sir Gordon has only drawn 
the family Higginbotham into the 
net designed for Messrs Vulture 
and Shark. 

He denounced finance compa- 
nies. building societies and others 
whose business is credit (of which, 

I suppose, the plastic credit-card is 
the most ubiquitous form) for 
selling so much of their invisible 
but potent product Such mer- 
chants are “over-selling”, nay, 
“irresponsible”, they are exerting 
“pressure to buy now and pay 
later”. (That incidentally, is a 
definition of credit: if you buy now 
and pay now no credit is in- 

Before everybody faints dead 
away at the horror revealed by Sir 
Gordon, let us look a little more 
closely at his facts. He tells us that 
Britain's total of personal debt 
excluding mortgages, is £22 bil- 
lion. that is. an average of £ 1 .000 
of debt for every household in ihe 

That means we are dealing with 
22 million households, among 
which there are “thousands” of 
“worried debtors who’ve bor- 
rowed beyond their means". How 
manv thousands? 20.000? 50.000? 
Shall* we say 100.000? If we do. we 
shall discover that these feckless 
debtors comprise slightly less than 
half of one per cent of households, 
or something like a quarter of one 
per cent of adults. 

From this, the only possible 
conclusion is that the people of 
this country are almost dan- 
gerously fanatical in their det- 
ermination to avoid being over- 
indebted. and quite astoundingly 
successful in making sure that they 
are not 

For every non-existent problem 
there is an imaginary solution. Sir 
Gordon, having convinced him- 
self that the country is drowning in 
unpayable debts, proposes: “Fi- 
nance houses and other credit 
firms should put their hantte in 
their pockets to support a chain of 
independent money advice cen- 
tres throughout the country." 
Well, 1 suppose it would be one 
way of reducing unemployment 
among accountants. 

Now before I go on to draw a 
moral from this tale. I must invite 
you to listen to a variation on a 
similar theme. There is a practice 
called “hacking”, which consists 
of using a computer to get into 
other people's computer systems: 
apparently this is quite easily done 
by those with the necessary skills, 
who are thus in a position to 
“eavesdrop" on others’ comput- 
erized material. The practice is not 
in itself illegaL Indeed, the Scot- 
tish Law Commission, which has 
been investigating this curious 

Bernard Levin 

Nanny cannot 
save us all 
from our folly 

sport, has just come to some 
extremely unambiguous conclu- 
sions on it which it has sum- 
marized thus: 

If property is not removed it 
does not count as theft, if 
records are not interfered with 
for gain it is not fraud, and if 
nothing is damaged it is not 
vandalism, so it does not look 
as though a crime has been 

You and I would think that, 
after so lucid a summary of the 
position, there would be nothing 
to add. We would, however, have 
reckoned without the Scottish 
Law Commission. Faced with a 
practice that makes it nervous, 
and discovering after exhaustive 
examination that the practice has 
the impertinence to be perfectly 
lawful (for the very good reason 
that nobody is harmed by it), it has 
recommended that it should be 
made illegal, in a brand-new 
category of crime all to itself, with 
up to two years in prison as a 


Again, you and I might think 
that two years in chokey, for no 
better reason than that the Scot- 
tish Law Com mission had nothing 
to do one rainy afternoon, would 
be coming it a bit strong, but just 
listen to the words of Mr Gordon 
Nicholson. QC: 

While a lot of hacking has 
been done for sheer fun there 
are undoubtedly people who 
would seek to use the activity 
as a form of industrial es- 

PaiWn Youens 


Well, while six-foot lengths of 
rope are very handy for children 
who want to play skipping games, 
there are undoubtedly some peo- 
ple who would seek to use the 
commodity to strangle QCs with. 
But to avoid this appalling out- 
come, would Mr Nicholson make 
skipping illegal, or even rope? 
Surely he would do better to buy a 
very stiff collar? For insofar as 
industrial espionage is a crime 
already, no new laws are required 
to punish it if it is done by a hacker 
rather than by a cat-burglar, and 
insofar as it is not, it can hardly be- 
come one merely by being done 
through a computer. 

What have both Sir Gordon 
Borne and the Scottish Law 
Commission forgotten? It comes 
back to that word 1 have lately 
been using more and more: 
responsibility. There is no re- 
corded instance of credit being 
forced upon an unwillingdebtorat 
the point of a gun; similarly, no 
ruthless gangs, equipped with 
electrified cattle-prods and Dober- 
man Pinschers, are preventing 
firms from taking their own 
precautions against industrial es- 

Let us suppose that the “worried 
debtors” are numbered in their 
millions, not thousands; la us 
assume that other millions spend 
all their lime in front of computer 
keyboards, hacking away 19K. to 
the dozen. The English for both 
caveat emptor and woe victis is 

serve you right, in a democracy we 
do uot prevent sane adults from 
making their own choices, even 
though we know that some of 
them will make choices that turn 
out very badly for them, and 
similarly we do not turn innocent 
behaviour into a crime because 
some people are embarrassed by it 
and cannot bestir themselves suf- 
ficiently to work out ways of 

avoiding the embarrassment. - 

I say we do not do these things; 
but the truth is that we do. and we 
do them more frequently and 
more extensively as time passes. 
Year by year, the Nanny State (I 
believe I coined the term) em- 
braces us more firmly and com- 
prehensively. tying our hands with 
the softest of silk cords, and 
hobbling our ankles with the 
lightest of aluminium chains, and 
assuring us often quite truth- 
fully — that it is not to prevent us 
harming others, but to prevent us 
harming ourselves. 

But if we do not have the chance 
to hurt ourselves, we shall not be 
able to help ourselves, either, if we 
are forbidden to walk into danger, 
we shall never be able to walk 
anywhere interesting; if they take 
away our power to do wrong, they 
deprive us of any meaning in 
doing right. 

And these are not metaphors. 
Nanny no longer confines herself 
to what we are not allowed to do; 
gradually, she begins to con- 
centrate on what we must do. 
There are many roads to serfdom, 
and one of the straightest and 
fastest is paved with the very best 

It is certainly unpleasant, worry- 
ing and painful for people to see 
the three-piece suite and the video 
recorder, so cheerfully bought on 
credit months ago, disappearing 
round the corner in the 
recoveryfirm's van, and it is not 
enough to say that that will teach 
them to do a few sums before they 
sign next time; there are some who 
will never learn, and will end up 
without curtains or a kitchen 
chair.. But despite them, we have 
got to restore the connection, now 
almost invisible throughout foe 
country, between cause and effect, 
action and reaction, purchase and 

Sir Gordon Borne would deal 
with the problem of debtors by 
condemning their creditors; the 
Scottish Law Commission would 
deal with the problem of hacking 
by arming the hackers' victims 
with the criminal law. I would deal 
with both problems by first dedar- 
ing that they are not problems at 
all, but the inevitable result of our 
now almost universal refusal to la 
anyone suffer the' consequence of 
his own folly, or even to la anyone 
tell him it is folly, and after that by 
sending each of the worried debt- 
ors, and each of the hack-fearing 
firms, a handsome pokerworked 
board, bearing these lines of 
A.E. Housman: 

To think that two and two 
are four 

And neither five nor three 

The heart of man has long been 

And long ’tis like to be. 

And I would send the poker- 
work board COD. . 

© Tkmn NnrmpMS, 198S .. 

David Watt 

How hollow is Halley’s heaven? 

The Flat Earth Society has been 
very quiet about Halley's Comet- 
h's not like them. Usually they 
reply to my letters and send me 
copies of their newsletter. Flat 
Earth News. They have even made 
me an honorary member and 
supplied me with a membership 
card. But when I asked their Mr 
Johnson about the precise way in 
which the comet fits into their 
theory that the world is just a 
plane and the sky a dome above 
it — nothing. Let's hope they 
haven't, well, fallen off the edge. * 

The International Flat Earth 
Research Society, last heard of in 
California, has produced a map to 
show that the North Pole is in the 
centre of a vast flattened-out 
saucer. The so-called South Pole is 
actually an enormous wall of ice 
round the outside of the saucer. 

Tests have been done. The earth 
doesn't curve. Nor does it spin in 
sp3ce. but stays put 

That is all obvious enough, as is 
the fact that the sky is a roof some 
4.000 miles above us: just below it 
are the stars and planets, which are 
in fan “luminous discs” shuffled 
around by some unseen agency. 
We all live, it seems, in some giant 
Planetarium, without having to 
pay an entrance fee. 

The only question in my mind 
is: where does Halley’s Comet fit 
in? It can't come from the other 

side of the dome because there is 
nothing there except water, which 
seeps through the cracks (that's 
how we have rain, of course). Is it 
a new “disc” which is suddenly 
manufactured every 76 years and 
destroyed in between limes? If it is 
not more than 4.000 miles away, 
how come the space probes have 
had to travel millions of miles to 
get it in their sights? Are they in 
fact forgeries? The moon landings 
were considered just that, in 
orthodox Flat Earth circles. 

As i said, no reply. It's enough 
to make you lose faith in the Flat- 
Earthers and turn instead to an 
organization called the Tychonian 
Society, last heard of in Canada. 
This takes its name from a 1 6th 
century Danish astronomer called 
Tycho Brahe who came up with 
the theory that all the planets go 
round the sun (right) but that the 
earth does not (wrong). The earth 
is round (right) but absolutely still 
in space (wrong). 

Tests have been done to prove 
that the earth does not spin or 
move, the Tychonian Society 
asserts: the stars go round the 
earth, as does the sun. round 
which the planets revolve in turn. 
Astronomy, according to the the- 
ory. took a wrong turning centu- 
ries ago: it is all Galileo's faulL 
Simple, if simple-minded. 

Now. this scheme makes much 

more sense of Halley's Comet, 
which whizzes about the place 
without bumping into any celes- 
tial roof. Admittedly, Tychonians 
have to say that it. like everything 
else, goes round the earth, a point 
over which they part company 
with the Astronomer Royal, but 
otherwise they can hold up their 
heads in scientific circles — cer- 
tainly in 16th century scientific 

And so to the Hollow Universe 
theory, which was popular in the 
Thirties - the 1930s, that is, not 
the 1530s or 1630s. Hitler was a 
believer at one point, and if only 
he had stuck to heavenly theoriz- 
ing the world, flat or otherwise, 
would have been a happier place. 
(This scheme of the universe. I 
must emphasize, should not be 
confused with the interesting view 
held by at least one member of the 
House of Lords and by the Hollow 
Earth Society, which sometimes 
drops me a line from its head- 
quarters in Sydney. Australia, 
about the world being like a 
football. The inside is inhabited by 
"subhuman mutants" and other 
Hollow Earth people who creep up 
occasionally from the bottom of 
caves or shoot out of a hidden exit 
in flying saucers. You may have 
neighbours like that) 

The idea is that we are on the in- 
side of a hollow world, or uni- 

verse. like flies crawling, about 
inside a spherical lampshade. We 
dwell in the bubble of a vast lump 
of gorgonzola. Adherents of this 
theory did tests which show that 
the surface of the earth does not 
curve downwards (as scientists 
claim): nor is it dead straight (as 
Flat Earth ers stale) but instead 
curves upwards. 

Where there is room for debate 
is the actual composition of the 
universe. Some Hollow Men hold 
that the sun. moon and stars are 
suspended in the middle of the 
sphere, p jssibfy glued to a sort of 
heavenly tennis-ball. But one 
doesn't want to be dogmatic, 
because others again give a hollow 
laugh at this point and explain the 
heavenly bodies in quite a dif- 
ferent way. .Inside the sphere, they 
state, is a phantom solar system 
which is obscured every night by 
some celestial hand pumping out a 
bluish gas. 

Some readers may cruelly retort 
that the only hollow space around 
is between the ears of anyone who 
believes this sort of nonsense. But 
to my mind the theory explains 
Halley's Comet perfealy. 

it is. like the restof the heavenly 
bodies, not there. It is simply a 
phantom. That explains why no 
one has seen iL 1 certainly have 

ct Jonathan Sale 

a poll issue 

I was talking the other evening to a 
prominent Opposition MP about 
disarmament and the present state 
of Easi-West relations. My thesis 
was that these were balanced on a 
knife-edge and could easily , slip 
back into an unprofitable dead- 
lock. but assuming, they di dn t, I 
said, one could begin to see ire 
feint outline of a possible interim 
deal at Geneva roughly on the 
basis of an American proposal 
whereby the British and French 
nuclear forces could be accom- 
modated by the Russians, in 
return for the West allowing 50 per 
cent of the Soviet medium-range 
missilds in the Far East to survive. 

“Aha" said tnv politician, quick 

as a flash, “She’d obviously like to 
go to the country in spring '87. 
That's when the economy will be 
looking at its best. What she needs 
Bra pretext for going so earty^An 
election to approve the kind of 
East-West deal you're talking 
about would be just tbeiob. Peace 
with patriotism — terrific appeaL 

I thought this insight looked 
pretty dotty when it was put to me. 
and in a way I still do. If an excuse 
for holding an election really has 
to be ’found (a doubtful propo- 
sition these days, at any time after 
the three-year mark in our cycle) 
why should the scepticism of the 
British voters be calmed by their 
being told that formal consent at 
the polls is required to “ratify” an 
agreement to which Britain is only 
a minor party and to which almost 
nobody is likely to take exception 
anyway? . 

Subsequent events, especially 
the exchanges in the Commons on 
Tuesday, nave made me ■ think 
again — not, perhaps, to the point 
of accepting the “pretext” argu- 
ment but at least to the extent of 
acknowledging that t he w hole 
disarmament issue has a great deal 
of potential political zip in it 

It would be very nice for Mrs 
Thatcher at any moment, but 
particularly in an election context, 
if she could (a) get. rid of the 
constant annoyance of being told 
that she is one of the chief 
obstacles to an arms control 
agreement; (b> eliminate any pos- 
sible revival of anti- American 
agitation over cruise missiles: (c) 
make the Labour Party's defence 
policy look- even more idiotic and 
(d) “legitimize" the expensive 
modernization of the British nu- 
clear force by being able to claim 
that it has the tacit consentofboth 
superpowers. She can live with the 
situation as it is, but she must be 
genuinely eager to see progress at 
Geneva and turn it to demesne 

Moreover.the British are not the 
only practical politicians who are 
interested in this issue. -As they 
jockey for position in advance of a 
possible election this summer, foe 
Japanese parties are playing with 
Japan's alleged vulnerability to 
the Soviet SS-20 missiles now 
deployed in Asia. In Germany, 
the initial panic that followed the 
American decision to explore the 
possibility of negotiating foe com- 
plete removal of cruise and Per- 
shing missiles from Europe seems 
to have subsided as German 
politicians have realized that the 
long-term votes are in detente. 
German elections next spring are 
bound to be influenced by foe 
state of East-West negotiations. 

Politicial interest in the US a 
acme as weJUfcougfr * nop 
different way. Not many of foe 
congressmen and sesaicraup for 
re-election this atmunn.wtfl stand 
or fail bv disarmament ana 

summitry. Io a situation .wtae 
there are about as many vow in 
being strongly anti-SovieUS bemg 
in favour of another round .of 
detente, most stick to safe r 
and more profitable domestic 
issues. Nevertheless, fteadent 
Reagan .obviously # believes that 
ihe “peace" issue is al deep and 
powerful one which txM have 
unpredictable political con- 
sequences in the US. as well as 
among foe European aHtes, if itu 

not handled sympathetically. He 

has no intention of handing 
Gorbachov the initiative. 

Tactically this means not bold- 
ing the Washington summit dur- 
ing the - mid-term ' election 
campaign. i.e. between the en d of 
July and mid-November tins year. 
The thought of the Soviet leader 
and his wife grandstanding round 
the US at such a time seems to 
produce an instinctive re action 
not fer from panic in American 
politicians." But strategically : one 
begins to sense that in spite of 
strong counter-currents that could 
produce “Goddammit" gestures 
like restricting tire sae of foe 
Soviet delegation to the- UN, 
Reagan has accepted the implica- 
tion that tire US should be 
prepared so move a good, deal 
further down . the ' disarmament 
path than the Pentagon and the 
right wing think wise. 

This picture suggests that, ex- 
cept perhaps in Japan; foe im- 
mediate political omens .in foe 
West are favourable to East-West 
agreements: The qu es tio n , of 
course, is •: whether there is . a 
reciprocal mood in MoscOw. The 
US negotiators tit . Geneva report 
that tire -Russians have been 
stonewalling- in the round of 
negotiations that hasjpm. finished, 
ft may be foal this is just a nutter 
of foe leadership’s preoccupation 
whh the party congress and with 
frnporianlsirifts frt personnel, like 
foe return of Mr Dobrynin from 
Washington to Moscow, which 
win take time to impinge on the 
planning of Soviet foreign policy. 

All these factors, together, with 
the loss of Soviet face Overtire UN 
delegation affair, seem likely to 
postpone the summit from June 
until late autumn in any case. But 
the trouble may lie deeper. Logi- 
cally speaking, there is every 
incentive for Gorbachov to reduce 
the strain of the defence budget on 
the Sovia economy. His whole 
strategy of economic reform may 
depend on it - 

But can thoKosssabs resist their 
perennial tendency to overplay 
foeir hand? The West’s political 
eagerness for a deal, and the 
possible differences between 
American, British. French and 
Japanese percep ti o ns of national 
interests are a powerful tempta- 
tion to string the Geneva negotia- 
tions out until after the German 
elections in 1987 and beyond. 

The danger is that if foe 
Russians succumb they will prob- 
ably find foe American mood has 
changed again as the. 1988 
presidential election approaches 
and the political window that is 
now open will be slamraed'shuL 

moreover . . , Miles Kington 

The day I spent 

Nostalgia strikes in peculiar ways. 
One of foe times I look back to 
with most pleasure is foe four 
years I spent locked in a small 
room at Broadcasting House. I > 
wasn’t there all foe time, just long 
enough to pick out material- from 
the radio archives to produce a 1 5- 
minute programme every three 
weeks, but being shut in that 
cubicle with a record-player, a pile 
of records and all day to listen to 
them was nearly heaven. 

Making foe programmes them- 
selves wasn't so much fun. The 
delight lay in being able to go in of 
a morning and ask myself who I 
would like to listen to foal day. 
George Bernard Shaw? Max Beer- 
bohm? H.G. Wells? Whoever, it* 
was. foe BBC had an ample store 
of them,” carefully transferred to 
LP or. if it was old enough. 78. 
One day I listened all day to 
Bernard Shaw talking; I didn’t use 
any of it in the programme,* but it 
was like being granted entry to the 
best cocktail party in the world. 

Often, foe best bits came from 
unexpected quarters. One of the 
archive girls came to me one day 
holding a 78 record, and said: 
“This might interest It’s a 
recording of Richard Dunbieby in 
1948, broadcasting in the nude. "It 
was; too, being a recording he had 
made in foe Turkish baths in 
Jeraiyn Street complete wifo 
sound effects of a masseur slap- 
ping foe ample Dimbleby flesh. 
Unformnaiely. I had recently. used . 
that same track in a programme, 
but I glanced idly at foe otbersfde 
to see if there was anything of 
interest there. 

It didn't sound too interesting.- 
-John Snagge interviews foe oklea 
surviving Boat Race rower, it said. 
But I listened to -ft. anyway. The 
man in question had rowed for 
Oxford in about 1872 and was 
now a 94-year-old Vicar. The last 
survivor of foe great Victorian 

days of rowing, said Snagge; and 

still bright and fit at .94, looting as 
if he could row foe whole course 
over again. Tell me, sic. what do 
you remember about the Varsity 
Race of 1872? : 

There was a pause, and then foe 

old, old voice said: “I'm afraid to 
say. I ; don't remember anything 
interesting about the occasion at 
. aft". Magic! A muhful interview at 
last. -But Snagge persevered. There 
must be something he- remem- 
bered about ‘ foe great' occasion. 
There must be something. 

Well said the old man, I do 
remember that my seat broke and 
I.feU on my bade. This interrupted 
foe rhythm of the boat and we 
took time to recover s in feet,- we 
lost by 20 lengths eventually. In 
other words, tins old man haa lost 
Oxford the Boat Race and bad 
managed to forget all about it until 
70 years later .when John Snagge 
had come along- and brutally 
revived tiie,xnemory. ...r: 

When feeling low, I used. to put 
on anything by Rene Cutforth, or 
Johnny 'Morris. Johnny . Morris 
will. 'never beananiraalman for 
rhei only one of the funniest men 
who ever tackled radios. Cifly 
Potter. Clemenr .Freud — a 
wonderful raconteur. But the talk I 
remember best wasrone by AMous 
Huxley (why is that great man so 
unfashionable these days?) en- 
titled Why do Wars Happen?, 
which' is one of the most chilling 
experiences ! have ever had. - - 

His thesis was' quite simple. 
Suicide figures go down dramati- 
cally in a- nation that is at - war. 
This suggests that war gives a 
country an excitement' which is 
normally missing from its daily 
. Hft, another reason io go on living. 
Of course* it "might’ 'be that 
potential suicktes are being tilted 
.im foe war itself But; he said. 
Suicide figures also go down in 
neutral nations neighbouring the 
war, as if foe excitement was whal 
they wanted too. A grim thought. I 
have always wanted-to find out. if 
our suicide figures, went , down 
during .foe FaUdahds war/ but 
have never 'dared to ask. 

And . then there was George 
. Shearing, the blind ia£z pianist, 
who orr being asked rt he had been 
blind all his life, replied: “Not 
yeL” And there was Hermione 
Gingotd. and Bund* Keator., aud 
Graham Greene, and Somerset 
Maugham.. ; 

: Ah; nostalgia: - • • 



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jj’ennington Street, London El 9XNTeienTione: ni-4«l 4100 

Fnendsof the Earth have been 
r. heard. Dr 'John C unningh am 
hM. been heard Often. Dr 
Garret FitzGerald and sundry 
members of the Dail - have 
spoken. Mr Con Allday and 
various spokespeople for Brit- 
ish Nuclear, Fuels : have ut- 
tered. The Prime Minister has 
made a brief 1 and characteris- 
tically vigorous intervention. 
..Mr Kenneth Baker has 
evinced his faith in the nuclear 
future. The Government' Chief 
Whip has articulated a similar 
faith — but not, you under- 
stand,; anywhere bear his 
constituents in Essex. But 
where is the voice - of the 
minister responsible ? 

Air Peter Walker, who 
speaks wellenough when the 
spirit moves him. has been 
strangely silent The result is 
an unfortunate political void. 
During the past two months a 
chapter of accidents at BNFL 
have, frightened the. public. 
Anxiety could have been 
diminished had ministers been 
able to -communicate a sense 
;that,.; whatever minor . ac- 
cidents might , occur at 
Sellafield, there was . a. higher 
wisdom behind the evidently 


dangerous and problematical 
business of nuclear reprocess- . 


Thanks to Sir Hugh Rossi 
and colleagues, who lave done 
yeoman service '.on the 
Environment Committee, per- 
haps Mr Walker trill be 
smoked out There are issues 
demanding reassurance, a sort 
of doctor's mandate, and there 
are issues demanding decision. 
Some glimpse is. now needed 
of the overall energy, policy 
which, however distrustful the 
government rightly remains of 
central plans, is surely nec- 
essary if sensible derisions are 
-to be made about future 
public-sector investment and 
the public weaL 

Because of the multiplicity 
of operations on the Sellafield 
site, the use of that name in the 
singular is confusing The 
MPs' focus was waste, es- 
pecially the higher order radior 
active -detritus- -so 
conspicuously ignored when 
the Government recently pro- 
duced its thoughts about 
NIRJEX*s disposal plan. The 
MPS want nothing less than 
the revision — after only eight 
years — of the conclusions of 

the Windscale inquiry. 

Here should be the text if 
not for Mr Walker’s next 
speech then for one to be 
delivered very soon. He might, 
plausibly, say the economics of 
reprocessing are a matter for 
BNFL, (though not insofar as 
the arithmetic results from the 
pricing policies' and invest- 
ment derisions of the Central 
Electricity Generating Board), 
but the location of the result- 
ing wastes is neither a private 
nor a quasi-public matter. It is 
firmly within the public do- 

• BNFL, somewhat altering 
the balance of argument from 
five years ago, now wants to 
argue the case for reprocessing 
spent fuel rods as a form of 
waste management. The equa- 
tions are not simple. There is a 
balance of cost and of risk 
between classes of radioactive 
waste. Matters are rapidly 
reaching- the point where 
BNFL will not be trusted to 
calculate those sums. An ex- 
panded version of the joint 
BNFL-Energy Department re- 
view proposed by the MPs is 
needed. But before that Mr 
Walker has some talking to do. 


Nato’s gleeful secretary-gen- 
eral Lord Carrington has 
called the result of Spain's epic 
referendum, - “good for the 
alliance, good for Europe and 
good for Spain.** He might 
have added, that it was good for 
Senor Felipe. Gonzalez, who 
staked his political capital and 
won. - If it was good for 
everyone else, it was best of all 
for him. : : 

For the Western Alliance, it 
was — on: the face of it;— an 
enormous vote of confidence 
from its sixteenth member. 
Not only did nine million 
Spaniards vote in favour, but 
many of those eleven million 
who abstained^ bekmged to the 
right-wing opposition, whose 
support for Nafo was implicit 
anyway, but were boycotting 
the poll in deference; to the 
dubious political tactics -of its 
leaders. - •• : i* V. 

For Europe the vote con- 
firmed Spain’s recent advance- 
ment to the front rank of 
Continental powers. A mem- 
ber of the : Community, a 
partner within the Western 
Alliance — this country which 
only last autumn celebrated a 
decade of post-Franco democ- 
racy — has made a decision of . 
historic importance. 

The mood in Madrid last 

night was one. of relief that an 
issue which has bedevilled 
future planning for the past 
four, years has been, con- 
fronted At last the country can 
get on with the business of 

But Senor Gonzalez, is the 
man wiio can claim the credit 
He shunned. the advice of 
those who wanted him to drop 
plans for a referendum, con- 
centrated his- energies upon 
winning it and, despite the 
glum predictions of the opin- 
ion poQs, has done so fry a 
comfortable margin. With an 
election due by the Autumn, 
this moderate modem socialist 
has emerged much stronger 
than . than before with the 
rospect of . vanning a further 
our years in power. 

One should beware of 
overstating the case. ' More 
people v _ abstained in. . _ the 
referendum . than voted in 
favour. This might be seen as 
proof that support for the 
opposition leader Manuel 
Fraga is alive and weD. Not 
only that, but the. high absten- 
tion vote in Catalonia and the 
Basque country reflected a 
preoccupation with other is- 
sues, primarily devolution. It 
was from the faithful of rural 
Spain that the . government 

drew its support this week. 

Elsewhere there are other 
issues, like unemployment — 
at more than 20 per cent the 
highest in the European 
Community — to concentrate 
the mind. Spain has made 
great strides to emerge as a 
European power, but its future 
in the Community will bring 
problems as well as solutions 
for its economic life, as Span- 
ish industry fights to hold its 
own in a competitive world. 


Moreover Nato member- 
ship in itself conceals a num- 
ber of questions. In his anxiety 
to win a vote for his cause 
Senor Gonzalez committed his 
country to a non-nuclear pol- 
icy and a non-military 
commitment which could in 
the course of time prove 
And the talks with the United 
States over reductions on the 
four American bases in Spain 
have stiff to be settled. 

Senor Gonzalez conducted 
an impassioned, personalized 
campaign to secure victory 
this week. There might come a 
time when the vigour of his 
appeal could react against him. 
But that is for tomorrow. No- 
one should begrudge him bis 
hour of victory. 


For a government that wrote 
the phrase law and order so 
large on its electoral banner it 
has been a bad week. A single 
crime, rape and assault in west 
London, has seized the 
nation's attention- The acquit- 
tal in the case of Leonie 
Darnley’s murder com- 
. pounded the fear.' Figures pub* 
fished yesterday seemed to 
give statistical validity to an 
impression of rampant crime. 

The picture shown by the 
Home Office’s accounting has 
its encouraging aspects, such 
as the drop in the rate of 
burglary. But the growth in 
crimes of violence deserves Mr 
Hurd's epithet, bleak. 

That these figures appear 
after seven years of “law and 
order” during which changes 
have been made to the crim- 
inal justice system, to police 
powers; and riot least to the 
resources expended on police 
and prisons, does not connote 
the failure of the policy. What 
they show is that here, as in 
other branches of social policy, 
there is no quick fix. 

It is in character for min- 
isters, especially for Mrs 
Thatcher, to seize an issue of 
patent public concern and 
shake it with some vigour. She 
did with football hooliganism 
and .with drugs. It_ is a risky 
' approach. So with rising crime 

tub-thumping. On the con- 
trary, the seminar she held 
recently at Downing Street was 
what was required — a 
demonstration of the long-, 
term and decentralized nature 
of the action that will have to 
be taken to raise the costs of 
crime to would-be offenders. 

lineaments of a “liberaT. The 
liberality of a Home Secretary 
is not to be equated with 
looking coolly and objectively 
at the effect ofa regime such as 

the short sharp shock available 
for youthful 

With property crime, Mrs 
-Thateher has shown that she 
accepts there is no scope for 

But ministers cannot go 
naked into the Commons and 
party meetings with schemes 
of - crime prevention alone. 
And erudite dissections of the 
fallibility of crime statistics 
will not do either. They have 
to gird themselves with policy. 
The elements are already 
there. If they look disparate, 
that is as must be. On sentenc- 
ing for rape the Lord Chief 
Justice's words must by now 
have lodged in the judicial 
psyche; Mr Justice Pain's 
: sternness . at the Old; Bailey 
demonstrated that the tariff for 
the offence already reaches far.. 

On police numbers MrHurd 
has promised to increase 
establishments. But police 
numbers have only a contin- 
gent relationship with foe vol- 
ume of crime. The sight of 
bobbies on patrol may boost 
the confidence of foe public, 
and this is not a factor to be 
disregarded, but it should not 
be equated with arrests or, 
necessarily, with prevention. 

There is, possibly, scope for 
new thinking about the penal 
regime. Mr Hurd has, in: Jus 
short tenure at Queen Anne’s 
Gate, displayed some of the 

___ , offenders. 

Equally, illiberality should not 
be equated with a re-examina- 
tion of foe case for toughening 
foe regime inside prisons. 

These are not palliatives. It 
may be, unhappy thought, that 
the country is at some in- 
determinate point on a wave 
of violent crime. There are 
those who, casual with their 
statistics and flippant with 
their correlations, will rush to 
instruct us in the causes — 
television, unemployment or 
the great imponderable 
“society”. The Government if 
it is wise, will eschew deter- 
minism of all kinds. What 
politicians, police and public 
must attempt to do is make 
violent crime more difficult 
and easier to detect 

This means, a cliche that 
deserves to be reawakened, 
more neighbourliness, perhaps 
a new sense of local altruism 
that may hot be easy to marry 
with the enterprising, go-get- 
ting temperament so vital to 
foe economic life of the nation. 
It means, more urgently than 
ever before, pursuing reform 
of the courts. Public faith in 
the delivery of justice must be 
buoyed, to provide the one 
true incentive to assisting the 
police in their work of detec- 

Ward closures. 

From the Director of the Associ- 
ation of Independent Hospitals 
Sir. Whether for political dogma 
or not, for once the West Lam beih 
Health Authority members and 
not life Chairman appear 
got it right (report, March I*.). To. 
suggest that increasing ihemimDer 
of private beds at St Thomas 
Hospital would generate addi- 
tional net income to support me 

NHS is nothing short ofludicrous. 

In reality, foe quoted figure oj 
£727,000 income would result in a 
loss of disposable money because, 
the private .beds cost mor^to iron 
than the income received from 
them, though it seems that me 

continuing lack of financial aware- 
ness in the NHS and Government 
has yet to come to this under- 

Whilst the Auditor General has 
sufficient concern to be looking at 
the question, it seems foal others 
wish U> ignore it for political 
expediency. ■ 

If West Lambeih really want to 
save money, I suggest they close 
all their private beds - they would 
be better off. ' 


Yours faithfully. 

" RANDLE. Director. 

From • the Reverend Canon 

Sir. In foe days when boys left 
school at the age of 14 and when 
poorly paid jobs could be fallen in 
and out of, I remember a boy of 1 5 
coming to me for a reference: 1 
gave him one. This boy. I said, to 
the best of my knowledge has 
given complete satisfaction in ail 
the 52 jobs he has had since 
leaving school. 


Association ■ 

bflndepefldcnt Hospitals; 
Buckingham Court. • . 

78 Buckingham Gate, S W I . 

Yours feithfuily 

1-7 Westacrcs Crescent . 
Newcastle upon Tyne, 



Freedom to compete for gas 

From Mr Allen Sykes 
Sir. The Secretary of Slate for 
Energy, and indeed the whole 
Government, are to be 
congratuated on the liberalisation 
of gas exports (report. March 7).It 
starts to give gas the same free 
market economic regime as oil 
which turned us into the world's 
largest offshore oil producer in a 
dozen years. 

Regrettably, freedom to export 
gas was not decided early in the 
lust Conservative administration 
when first urged. Then even 
greater benefits for economic 
growth, export income and jobs 
would have been would 
also have prevented the Soviet 
Union gaining quite the signifi- 
cant position it now has in 
European gas supplies, particu- 
larly if Norway had co-operated 
with Britain. 

scheme is as efficacious as allow- 
ing competitive forces the fullest 
possible rein.Ii is thus to be hoped 
that the Government will re- 
consider the case for breaking up 
foe British Gas Corporation into 
regional gas distribution entities, 
wiih a separate regulated common 
carrier central grid. 

Distribution within regioifs will 
inescapably remain a monopoly 

A jointly owned offshore gasline 
would have benefited both coun- 
tries and also a Western Europe 
seeking politically stable sources 
of energy. But this is not the time 
for carping. Even belated wisdom 
on exports is welcome. 

As the Government has now 
accepted the case for competition 
in g as markets, it should extend 
foe logic of this step to other parts 
of the privatisation Bill. As I have 
argued in your columns before 
(July 8, 1985) no regulatory 

Role of the MSC 

From the Hon Secretary of the 
Association of Colleges for Further 
and Higher Education ' 

Sir. Your leader on March 4 
described further education as 
“arguably the most important 
sector of educational provision**, 
and sees it as the starting point for 
the current review of policy. Your 
argument should be extended in 
two ways. 

Firstly, foe administration of 
education and training should 
be“married”. but cannot be di- 
rected by Government and/or 
MSC alone: it must include a 
strong local content. Further 
education responds to employ- 
ment needs at local as well as 
national levels. Each local labour 
market has its special features, 
sometimes with needs that go 
against national trends. 

Most colleges have independent 
systems of consultation with local 
industry — variable in quality, but 
improving. So. while local plan- 
ning has to be within the context 
of national development, national 
piannmg has to be with foe insight 
of local intelligence. 

Addressing the annual general 
meeting of this association last 

Disabled drivers 

From Ms Sue Jones 
Sir, Dr Michael (March 1) is right 
in saying that doctors need a 
system which discourages foe 
issue of orange badges to drivers 
who are not substantially disabled. 

We wheelchair-users, together 
with other disabled people, look 
forward to that day, as under the 
present system we are paying the 

The superintendent of my local 
police told me that it was the 
widespread abuse of foe badge 
which led to them requesting (and 
beinggranted, as from March 27) a 
complete ban on disabled parking 
in foe centre of Sutton Coldfield's 
pedestrianised shopping 
prednct-The irony is that this is 
one of the very few shopping 
centres anywhere in Britain which 
are accessible to independent 
wheelchair-users; it has no kerbs, 
and level entrances into all shops. 

Under the West Midlands 
County Council ban, the newly 
designated parking area for dis- 
abled people is on a hill too far 
away and too steep for wheel- 
chairs. It is also too far from the 
shops for ambulant disabled peo- 
ple; indeed, anyone who could 
walk foe 1*4 miles round trip to 
shop would certainly not qualify 
for an orange badge! 

It is a sad day when abuse of foe 
orange badge, the inability of foe 
police to pursue foe offenders, and 
foe refusal by the county council 
to take seriously objections raised 
to their plan conspire to bar 
disabled people from ever using 
their local pedestrianised shop- 
ping centre again. 

Yours feithfuily, 


43 Mountford Crescent, 


West Midlands. 

March 7. 

Prescription charges 

From Mr John F. Weatherill 
Sir, This Government has quoted 
ad nauseam statistics purporting 
to prove that they have increased 
spending on foe National Health 
Service in pace with inflation and 
that the NHS is consequently 
“safe with us”. 


From Mrs Valerie Fnzmaurice 

Sir, In the February issue of Book 
ine Collector someone 

and Magazine 
is offering £50 for a fine condition 
but jacketless first edition copy of 
Graham Greene’s Power and the 
Glory and — wait for it — for the 
same whh dust jacket, £500! 
Yours faithfully, 


85 Prestwood Road West, 

West Midlands. 

March 7. 

Yet now we hear from none other 
than foe Minister of Health. Mr 
Hayhoe himself, that the 10 per 
cent increase in foe prescription 
charge “is exactly in line with the 
rising costs of medicines” (Par- 
liamentary report. March 101 
Mr Hayboe has fallen foul of his 
very own statistics and is hoist by 
his own petard. For be has now 
admitted, unintentionally I'm 
sure, that certain NHS costs have 
been rising fester than inflation 
and, therefore, in excess of foe rate 
at which this Government has 
been spending money on foe 
Health Service. 

This has meant cuts in real terms; 
this we have known for some time; 
this foe Government has finally 
admitted today. 

Yours truly, 


51 Dartmouth Court, 

Dartmouth Grove, 

Blackheafo SE10. 

March 1 1. 

Under false colours? 

From Mr Peter Falstrup 
Sir. As the crews are being 
determined for this year's Boat 
Race, old members of foe univer- 
sities must shudder with regret or 
turn in their graves. 

This event is no longer a contest 
between members of those 
particular universities. A Cam- 
bridge or Oxford “man” is one 
whose undergraduate degree was 
earned ai foe respective univer- 
sity. and today an increasing 
number of the crews are neither, 
they graduated initially from else- 
where. and many from abroad. 

In fact, one of those rowing in 
the Oxford boat is a Cambridge 
graduate. i.e_ a Cambridge man — 
as if that isn't the last straw! 
Yours sincerely. 


Coronation House. 



March 7. 

Clearer Rugby 

From Mr Colin Maclvor 
Sir. It is time that Rugby referees 
came to terms with the feet that 
international matches are watched 
by millions of viewers, many of 
whom are unfamiliar with the 

intricacies of Rugby law. Even the 


commentators often have trouble 
determining the cause of a particu- 
lar stoppage. 

Surely it is not beyond the wit of 
the RFU to draw up a set of simple 
arm signals for the referee, indicat- 
ing the nature or type of offence 
plus the culprit 

It might be objected that such a 

system would be distracting for 

referee: but it works quite well 
for cricket umpires- Besides, it is 
the duty of the referee to make his 
derisions clear to foe players. 

It is a lesson we could well learn 
from American football. 

Yours etc. 


59d Femhead Road. W9. 

March 2. 

Violent crime 
and the cloth 

aciiviiy requiring regulation. But 

because of the efficiency compari- 
sons between regions which will 
now be possible, the regulatory 
agency will be able to do a much 
better job for customers, a main 
point,of privatisation. 

These proposed measures will 
reduce the sale proceeds from the 
BGC compared with privatising it 
as a monolith, but foe nation will 
have a much more efficient gas 
industry in consequence, which 
will do more for the economy and 
hence jobs than foe present 
plan.Having shown sense and 
courage on exports, it is to be 
hoped that foe Government will 
now consider sympathetically 
these further desirable steps. 

Youts feithfuily. 



The Mount. 



March 7. 

From the Archdeacon of the Isle of 
H ighl , 

Sir. After last week's horrifying 
attack, one may perhaps hope that 
politicians and others who like to 
sound strong and masculine will 
stop talking about vicarage tea- 
parties as stock descriptions of 
lame and sheltered goings-on. 

A year or two ago. an incumbent 
in this archdeaconry disarmed and 
overpowered an intruder. That 
clergyman is over six feet tall, and 
has a rugger background. The 
intruder said. “ I picked the wrong 
vicar, didn't l?“. His children 
lived in terror for months after- 

On the night before my first 
Sunday as vicar of a parish in 
Birmingham, more than twenty 
years ago. we were threatened with 
personal violence in a midnight 
telephone call. When I told the 
churchwardens the next morning, 
they said. “So it was true. then*'. 
My elderly predecessor and his 
wife had often told how this was 
happening to them, but no one 
believed them. A year later, the 
vicarage was broken into and 
ransacked. People simply said, 
•‘Welcome to the dub”. 

week, the Education Minister, 
Chris Patten, said that his “own 
model of effective national 
management for non-advanced 
FE is based firmly within foe idea 
of partnership”. This is to be 
welcomed and encouraged. 

Secondly, concern to secure 
even more vocational relevance in 
further education should not 
downgrade the importance of its 
other functions. These indude 
developing alternative routes into 
higher education (such as foe 
BTEC diploma route to supple- 
ment foe A level route and special 
access courses for adults), helping 
to secure a better public under- 
standing of science, technology 
and economics, and providing 
non-voealionai opportunities for 
whatever purpose individuals 
wish to use them. 

Finally, the argument apart, ihe 
MSC is good on volume and quick 
in delivery, but is not yet so good 
on quality. 

Yours feifofullv. 


Honorary Secretary. 

The Association of Colleges for 
Further and Higher Education. 
High Melton. 


South Yorkshire. - 
March 5. 

Those of us who have lived in 
parsonages can tell the world a 
thing or two about the wild and 
threatening people, as well as the 
cranks and con-men. who tum up 
on our doorsteps, in town and 
country. We accept it as pan of the 
life wehave embraced. 

But let no one be any longer in 
doubt. The Old Vicarage at 
Grantchester was pulled down 
many years ago. 

Yours sincerely. 


Binstead Rectory, 

Pitts Lane, 


Isle of Wight 
March 10. 

Sunday trading 

From Mr B. J. W. Isaac 
Sir. YoureditoriaL “Freedom on a 
Sunday” (March 5). is an intellec- 
tual exercise juggling facts and 
falsehoods, but misses altogether a 
sense of responsibility that should 
always be company with 
“freedom” Does foe pursuit of 
profit override any consideration 
for people? Our freedom to shop 
needs shopworkers to satisfy those 
needs. Do we ignore what 
shopworkers. amongst others, say? 

The Open Shops Group have 
employed professional lobbyists, 
who have done in over two years a 
remarkable work on MPs and 
apparently many national news- 
papers. Frequently we hear of “a 
loud clamour” for Sunday open- 
ing, whereas foe Auid committee 
observed that there was no such 

Most of us trying to protect our 
national heritage are not claiming 
it is sinful to shop on a Sunday, 
but rather we are endeavouring to 
prevent an important part of our 
traditional way of life from being 
wiped out for the sake of certain 
(powerful) vested interests (D1Y 
and garden centres mainly). 

Yours faithfully, 


4 Upper Stephens. 

Langton Green. 

Tunbridge Wells, 

March 5. 

Fusion of the law 

From Mr Rodger Pannone 
Sir, Mr Andrew Phillips (“One 
solicitor who says no”, March 5) is 
of course entitled to say “no" to 
my committee’s consultative pa- 
per. Lawyers and the Courts: Time 
for some Changes, on a possible 
programme for reform of foe legal 
profession. This is a genuine 
consultation exercise among the 
public and the legal profession. 

Ail foe same, I would not wish 
his “no” to be based on any 
misconception. The paper is not 
proposing foe fusion of the two 
branches of foe legal profession, as 
Mr Phillips assumes. A strong and 
independent — but smaller — Bar 
is a central feature of our pro- 

Your readers can judge the 
proposals for themselves, by 
obtaining a copy free of charge 
from foe committee's secretary at 
the address below. 

Yours faithfully, 



Contentious Business Committee, 
The Law Society, 

1 13 Chancery Lane, WC2. 

March 6. 

From Mr Philip H ailing 
Sir. As in so much of life the truth 
is often found through paradox. 
Andrew Phillips points out in his 
perceptive and persuasive article 
thai out of the apparent criticism 
and privilege at the Bar comes a 
service second to none which is 
available to the least privileged 
individual as much as to the 
richest company. 

We find a solicitor here pleading 
the Bar's case. Why is foe Bar 
Council not defending its un- 
doubted ethical and professional 
standards against this tide of 
desecration? It would appear that 
foe Bar feds that fusion is 
inevitable and therefore not worth 
foe candle to oppose it. 

! am amazed foal a collection of 
some of Ihe sharpest persuaders in 
the land cannot do more to 
explain that it is not in the public 
interest to fuse. 

Yours feifofullv. 


38 King's Road. 

East Sheen. SW14. 

March 5. 

MARCH 14 1919 

Influenza was first known by that 
name in England in 17-t3 and a 
number of epidemics occurred 
during ihe nineteenth century. 
The pandemic in the winter of 
19181919 was on an appalling 
scale, its death toll of20million 
comparable to the Black Death. It 
ravaged through city and village; 
it spared no country or race, in 
England it claimed 150,000 
victims. A curious factor was the 
very high mortality of those under 
the age of 35 compared with that 
of those over 55. Our Medical 
Correspondent was Dr R. 
MacNair Wilson 0882-1963). 


(By Our Medical 


The third wave of foe influenza 
epidemic has now ended. The 
deaths from this disease recorded 
for the 96 great towns of England 
and Wales last week numbered 
3.218. compared with 3.SS9 the 
previous week. In London the 
deaths numbered 597, as against 
808. What is more it has ended to 
date. The mysterious periodicity 
which the mysterious disease 
seems to have established for itself 
has been maintained 

This periodicity is roughly 12 
weeks. The first wave began in July 
and died down about the end of 
August— a two months’ course. 
Twelve weeks after the beginning 
of the first wave— at foe bepnning 
of October— the second wave began 
to How. This wave was spent by the 
middle of December. Again, 12 
weeks after the beginning of the 
second wave. Le., in January, the 
third wave appeared It had begun 
to spend itself In the first days of 
March. . . 

Meanwhile the evidence that the 
causative organism of the epidemic 
is the filter-passing germ described 
by the late Major Graeme Gibson 
and also by Captain Wilson accu- 
mulates. It is a very strong body of 
evidence, and to a great extent 
satisfies the requirements of proof 
laid down by Koch. That is to say. 
the germ can be recovered from 
patients affected by the disease; it 
can be cultivated outside the body: 
it can, when inoculated into ani- 
mals, reproduce the phenomena of 
the disease; and it can be recovered 
again from the inoculated animals, 
and again grown. 

It is just the failure to under- 
stand the necessity of proof of this 
sort which has led so many 
observers to describe “germs of 
influenza" in these last weeks. This 
is, perhaps, especially true of the 
much debated Pfeiffer's bacillus, 
which was originally discovered in 
the 'eighties, and has been dis- 
cussed a hundred times since. The 
bacillustis one of the many which 
are very' commonly present in foe 
human-nasopharynx. (Other bacilli 
very frequently found in healthy 
throats and noses are the pneumo- 
nia bacillus, the streptococcus and 
the staphylococcus). This by no 
means establishes the Pfeiffer 
bacillus as the cause of a disease. 
Were such an argument admitted, 
there would be no limit to the 
number of things which might be 
suspected in the same connexion. 
eg., baldness, soft corns— all of 
which occur frequently in persons 
suffering from influenza. We 
should be back again in foe dark 

We do not think that it has been 
established of the Pfeiffer bacillus 
or of any other bacillus or coccus, 
except the one mentioned above, 
that it will produce influenza when 
inoculated into animals, or that it 
can be recovered from these ani- 
mals after infection. 

In foe absence of proof of this 
kind, foe statement that the 
bacillus is present in the throats of 
all influenza patients does not 
cany us much farther. It is. in all 
probability. So are other bacilli. 
Admittedly these “residents” may 
and do afflict severe illness once 
the resistance which normally 
holds them at bay is broken down. 
It is exceedingly improbable that 
they themselves are the agents 
which initiate the attack. 

This is foe reason why vaccina- 
tion against influenza is not gener- 
ally advised. You cannot vaccinate 
against a disease the exact cause of 
which is in doubt (though now that 
Major Graeme Gibson's discovery 
has been announced, a vaccine of a 
new kind may possibly be avalable 
soon). The best use that can be 
made of vaccination at present is to 
inoculate against the “residents", 
the germs which lie constantly in 
wait for their host, and visit 
pneumonia and blood-poisoning 
upon him when he is weak. And 
there are, as has been pointed out 
before in these columns, objections 
even to this course. 

Many announcements of “cures" 
of the disease have been made. The 
public should realize that probably 
upwards of 80 per cent of all cases 
of uncomplicated influenza in this 
epidemic have got well by them- 
selves—' when pneumonia has su- 
pervened it has, of course, been a 
different story*. It is easy to see that 
an individual treating a limited 
number of cases in some particular 
way, by some particular serum or 
drug, might easly have recoveries 
in 100 per cent of his patients. He 
would ascribe this good result to 
his drug or serum. In point of fact 
his patients would have recovered 
is any case. . . 

Meaningful terms 

From Mrs S. E. A orhury 
Sir. What rigorous training and 
searching examinations would my 
humble daily cleaner have io 
undergo to qualify as an “environ- 
mental hygienist” at a certain 
Portsmouth hospital featured on 
television recently? Presumably 
O-level English at foe very least. 
Yours faithfully. 


2 Parkers Cottages, 


Nr Alresford. 


March 1. 

» i 












i T 

■ 5 











March 15: The Princess Anne. 
Mrs Mark Phillips, accompa- 
nied by Captain Mark Phillips, 
this afternoon presented the 
Ritz Club Charity T rophy at the 
Cheltenham National Hum 
Racing Festival. Cheltenham. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived oh omval by Her 
Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Gloucestershire (Colonel Mar- 

tin Gibbs) and the Director. 
Cheltenham Race Course (Cap- 
lain H. Gosling). 

March 15: The Prince of Wales, 
on behalf of The Queen, held an 
Investiture at Buckingham Pal- 
ace this morning. 

His Royal Highness. Presi 
dent. The Royal Jubilee and 
Prince's Trusts this afternoon 
visited Menzieshill Community 

Centre. Dundee. Taysidc. 

The Prince of Wales, attended 
by Mr David Roycroft. travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen' 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr A J. Maitland-Robinson 
and (he Hon SJ. Henderson 
The engagement is announced 
between Aidan James, only son 
of Mr and Mrs J.W.C. Maitiand- 
Robinson. of Les Arbres. St 
Lawrence. Jersey. Channel Is- 
lands. and Susannah Jane, only 
daughter of Lord and Lady 
Fanngdon. of Barnsley Park. 
Cirencester. Gloucestershire. 

Mr D. Andrews 
and Mrs J. Harris 
The engagement is announced 
between David Andrews and 
Jacqueline, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John F. Harris, of Queen's 
Grove. St John's W'ood. 

Mr J-N. Birt-UeweUin 
and Miss F.M. Blair 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, elder son of Mr 
D.J.P. Birl-Llewellin. of 
Cleddau Court. Llangwm. 
Pembrokeshire, and Mrs E.A. 
Bin-Llewellin. of Hazel HiU. 
Llonstadwell. Pembrokeshire, 
and Fiona, only daughter of Mrs 
W.C. Blair and of the late Mr 
W.C. Blair, of Meadow Ridge. 

Mr BS.B. Chan 
and Miss A.YJL Wong 
The engagement is announced 
between Benny, only son of Mr 
K.L. Chan, of Causeway Bay, 
Hong Kong, and Mrs R. 
Lunney. of Conduit Road. Hong 
Kong, and Ada elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs P.K.H. Wong, of 
The Peak. Hong Kong. 

Captain MJL Coreth 
and Miss S.M. Good body 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Rudolph Coreth. 
The Blues and Royals, eldest 
son or Count and Countess 
Maurice Coreth. of Vox ford. 
Suffolk, and Sconaid Mary-, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Guy U. Goodbody, of 

Mr R.W. Davis 
and Miss CJ. Thornton 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert. elder son of Mr 
and Mrs T J. Davis, of Middle 
Aston. Oxfordshire, and Caro- 
line, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs C.E. Thornton, of 
Souldetn. Oxfordshire. 

Mr P.D. Hale !l 

and Miss J.C. Blundell 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Douglas, son of 
Mr and Mrs Douglas Hale, of 
Teddingipn. Middlesex, and Jo- 
anna Gate, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Vincent Blundell, of Great 
Missenden. Buckinghamshire. 

Mr R5t J. Knowles 
and Miss G. Adams 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, eldest son of 
Captain and Mrs N.R. Knowles. 

of Alkham. Kent and Gillian, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs R.G. 
Adams, of Chelmsford. Essex. 
Dr SJ. KriKler 
and Miss S.L. Mendelssoo 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, eldest son of 
Judge L. Kri Icier and the late Dr 
T. Krikler. of London, and 
Susan, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
W. Mendelsson. of London. 

Mr N-A. Muers Raby 
and Mbs FJ. Lloyd 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, younger son of 
the late Mr Jonathan Muers 
Raby and of Mrs Audrey Anne 
Edge, of Brook Farm. North 
Curry. Somerset, and Finny, 
younger daughter of Major 
Geoffrey Lloyd, of Hill House, 
Braughing. Hertfordshire, and 
Mrs Gillian Chanter, of Elstone 
House. Chuimlcigh. Devon. 

Dr P. Rjordan-Eva 
and Mbs M.C.C. Vaughan 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, younger son of 
the late Lieutenant-Colonel 
T.K. Eva and of Mrs P.M. Eva, 
of Crowborough. and Margot 
Coleman Collide, daughter of 
Mr TJ.G. Vaughan. CBE. and 
Mrs E.A.P. Crownhart 
Vaughan, of Portland. Oregon. 
The marriage will take place on 
June HO in Portland. 

Dr P J. Robinson 
and Miss CH. Savflle 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, younger son of 
Dr and Mrs K.F. Robinson, of 
Comcrgates, Repton. Derby- 
shire. and Helen, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs G.A. Savilte. of 
Martineau Drive. Dorking. Sur- 

Mr A.M. Sciama 
and Miss D.R. Murks 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mrs B. Simons and the late Mr 
M. Sciama. of Hate. Cheshire, 
and Debra, younger daughter of 
Mr and Nlrs B. Marks, of 
White-field, Lancashire. 


Mr DAY. Rowley 
and Mrs R. McKinney 
The marriage took place quietly 
in Gibraltar on February 19, 
1986, between Mr Denys Row- 
ley. of Algarve, PortugaL and 
Mrs Isobel McKinney, widow of 
Mr Roland McKinney. 

Lieutenant-Colonel J.F. 

and Major B.H. Hodgson. 

The marriage took place in 
Berlin on March 5 of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel John Shirchff and 
Major Hilary Hodgson. RAMC. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Kenneth Alexander, 64; Miss 
Pam Ayres, 39; Mr Michael 
Caine. 53: Mr John Elton. 62; 
Mr R.E. Euricb, S3; the Hon 
Alan Hare. 67; Sir Richard 
Hayward. 76; Sir Philip Hol- 
land, 69; Dame Margaret Kidd, 
QC, 86; Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Douglas Lowe. 64; Mr John 
McCallum, 68; Lord Marsh. 58: 
Sir Eric Norris. 68; Sir Richard 
Parsons, 58; Dame Betty Pater- 
son. 70; Miss Tessa Sanderson. 
30; Miss Rita Tushingbam, 44; 
Mr John Wain. 61. 

George Medal 
for policeman 

Detective Ian Pickles, of the 
Queensland police force. 
Australia, has been awarded the 
George Medal for his gallantry 
when dealing with a man who 
had shot his colleague, it was 
announced in the London Ga- 
zette today. 

Warehouse to 
he museum 

Llamhoay Warehouse at 
Gloucester docks is to undergo a 
£3.5 million conversion to be- 
come the new National Water- 
ways Museum, it was 
announced yesterday. 

The British Waterways Board 
said that the six-storey ware- 
house will become an “exten- 
sive living museum" wiih areas 
set aside in which craftsmen, 
such as blacksmiths, rope fender 
makers and canal barge painters 
can demonstrate their skills. 

Building work financed by the 
board and Gloucester City 
Council is planned to start at the 
beginning of 1987 and the 
museum will be opened in 1988. 

Lancing College 

Handford House, the second 
boarding house for sixth form 
girls at Lancing College, will be 
officially opened today by La- 
vinia Duchess of Norfolk. 

Sale room 





Our liquidation sale is 
drawing to a close but we^ ^ 
still have hundreds of fur 
bargains inc. Marmot 
jackets from full skins. 

ONLY £125 


RRPilTb Satocra 

Gertti shews** 

RRPt22S Sdton.ce 

Blue Fto pttefc tan 

Sw fin fjctrt; 
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147 Cromwell Road. London SW5. Tel: 01-379 4200 

(W. Gbacmr Road 

- Opwi 9,00 til 5 JO 

Fierce bidding for royal pictures 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

An album of watercolours 
that belonged to Queen Vic- 
toria was sold at Sotheby's 
yesterday on behalf of an 
unnamed descendant for 

Most of the drawings had 
been given to Victoria, though 
she purchased a few of them 
and they had been kept in the 
album ever since. That meant 
that they were m pristine 
condition with imfaded col- 

The combination of royal 
provenance and superb condi- 
tion made for some startlingly 
high prices. 

An enchanting watercolour 
by Winterhalter, her favourite 
portraitist, of Prince Arthur 
aged three dressed up as his 
ancestor. King Henry VIII. 
sold for £18,700 (esrimat 
£5,000-£8,000) to H-Fritz- 
Denneville, a London dealer. 

Other royal or historic sub- 
jects were also fiercely com- 
peted for. Eugene Lamps 
watercolour of “The Transla- 
tion of the Ashes of Napoleon" 
to the Iovalides on December 
15, 1840 with soldiers parad- 
ing, packed crowds and even a 
group of spectators on the roof 
of the Iovalides itself , made 
£15,400 (estimate £2,000- 
£3,000) to Mackinnon. 

A watercolour of Elizabeth, 
Empress of Austria driving a 
horse sleigh in the park of 
Schonbnmn secured £13,200 
(estimate £2.000-£3.000). The 
romantic empress, known as 
SissL was the daughter of the 
Duke of Bavaria and a famous 
horsewoman who fretted at the 
restraints iayed on her by the 
Austrian court. Sotheby's had 
not identified the name of the 

Six minor drawings from the 
album failed to find buyers and 
the cheapest was a “Study of 
an old woman" by an unknown 
German artist at £55 (estimate 

The top price in the 
watercolour sale was £55.000 
(estimate £40,000-£60,000) for 
a very detailed view of “Paris 
from the river Seine" by 

Prince Arthur as King Henry VI 1 1, by Winterhalter 

Thomas Shorter Boys dated to 
the early 1830s, a new auction 
price record for the artist It 
was bought by Morton Morris. 
Another Boys, a view of “The 
High Street Shrewsbury" was 
left unsold at £9,200 (estimate 

The set of 53 feather bound 
volumes recording ail the 
game shot by the Earl de Grey, 
2nd Marquess of Ripon, be- 
tween 1871 and 1923 together 
with 14, notebooks dating from 
1865 and 30 game cards from 
various estates, including San- 

dringham , were sold by 
Sotheby's Sussex yesterday 
for £48,400 (estimate £30,000- 
£50,000) to an English private 

Acknowledged as the finest 
shot of his time, Ripon was a 
dose friend of George V, 
treasurer to Qneen 
Alexandras connoisseur and 
good amateur artist- his game 
books are filled with amusing 
sketches as well as enormous 

In 1884, for instance, be shot 
JO red deer, 3,073 grouse. 

3323 partridges, 4^347 pheas- 
ants, 70 snipe, 50 wild duck. 
20 wild geese. 134 woodcock, 
713 hares, L896 rabbits and 
407 “various’*. He died as be 
had lived; “At the last drive 
Lord Ripon killed 51 grouse, 
and at 3J5pm while the last 

birds were being brought in be 

felj down dead." 

A 12-bore hammer non- 
ejector gun, one of a set of 
■ three built by Purdeys for 
Lord Ripon in 1890, sold for 
£6,600 (estimate £3,000- 
£5,000). The gun sale totalled 
£28&585 with D per cent 


Late nineteenth century ivo- 
ry carvings and late, seven- 
teenth century Kakiemon 
porcelain were the most popu- 
lar features of Sotheby's 
morning sale of Japanese 
works of art yesterday which 
totalled £417475 with seven 
per cent left unsold. 

A 15-inch ivory figure of a 
hunter by Ishikawa - Komei 
sold for £20,900 (estimate 
£5.000^8,000) to Fppknra a 
Japanese dealer, setting a new 
auction price record for an 
ivory carring of the Me$p 
period (1868-012). 

The Japanese normally look 
on these hue carvings as 
tourist hems and leave the 
market to Westerners but in 
this case the sculptin’ was the 
founder of toe Tokyo school of 
ivory carvers and Japanese 
bidders showed that they took 
his work very seriously indeed. 
A nine-inch Kakiemon porce- 
lain bottle with fine landscape 
decoration made another top 
price at £14300 (estimate 

A big tile panel recounting 
the story of Cinderella made 
by Morris and Co to designs 
by Burne-Jones and Philip 
Webb for the famous Victori- 
an watercolonrist, Myles 
Birket Foster, proved the star 
torn of Phillips* morning sale 
of Art Nouveau selling for 
£12.100 (estimate £3,000- 
£5,000) to the Fine Art Soci- 
ety. The sale totalled £177.554 
with 12 per cent left unsold. 


Ministry of Defence 
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John 
Field house. Chief of the De- 
fence Staff, and the United 
Kingdom Chiefs of StafT were 
hosts vesterday at a luncheon 
held at Admiralty House in 
honour of Admiral Lee Baggett, 
Jr. USN, Supreme Allied Com- 
mander. Atlantic. 


Lord Tordoff 
Lord Tordoff was present at the 
annual dinner of ihe London 
section of the Old Mancunians 
Association held at the House of 
Lords last nighL Mr I.O. Shep- 
herd was in the chair and the 
principal guests and speakers 
were Mr Denis Richards and Mr 
Geoffrey Parker. High Master of 
Manchester Grammar School. 
Wheelwrights* Company 
Mr DJ.E. King, Master of the 
Wheelwrights’ Company, pre- 
sided at a dinner held last night 
at Skinners' Hall for the court 
and livery. Sir Richard Denby 
also spoke. 

Association of Municipal En- 

The Association of Municipal 
Engineers held its annual dinner 
last night at Cutlers’ Hall. 
Westminster. The chairman. Mr 
Derrick Sharpe, proposed the 

Guild of World Traders 
The Guild of Work! Traders in 
London was consecrated on 
Wednesday at a service in the 
Coronarium Chapel at Si 
Canon Peter Delaney officiated. 
A dinner for city dignitaries was 
held afterwards, in the Grand 
Hall of the World Trade Centre. 
The guests were received by the 
Master. Mr Peter Drew, ana the 
Junior Warden. Lord Bellwin. 

Service dinner 

Bristol University Air Squadron 
Bristol University Air Squadron 
held its annual dinner last night 
at RAF Locking. Squadron 
Leader C. Hilliker. Command- 
ing Officer, presided and the 
guest of honour was Air Vice- 
Marshal E.H. Macey. Air Offi- 
cer Commanding and 
Commandant of RAF College 
CranwelL The other guests in- 
cluded Sir John Kingman. Vice- 
Chancellor of Bristol 
University. Professor F.S. 
Stone. Pro-Vice Chancellor of 
Bath University, and Dr A.H. 
Spedding. Pro-Director of Bris- 
tol Polytechnic. 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne. Chancellor of 
London University, will attend 
the naming of a Midland Region 
electric locomotive on April 10 
at Eusion Station as pan of the 
university's 150ih anniversary 

The Queen will visit St Peter’s 
Church. Old Windsor, on April 
10, to view the restoration work. 
Princess Anne will take the 
salute at the Sovereign's Parade 
at the Royal Military Academy 
Sandhurst on April i 1 and, in 
the evening, as Patron of the 
National Union of 
Townswomen's Guilds, will at- 
tend a gala choral concert in aid 
of Operation Dhaka ax the Free 
Trade Hall, Manchester. 

The Princess of Wales. Patron of 
Gloucestershire County Cricket 
Cub, will present the Cricket 
Writers’ Cub Young Cricketer 
of the Year trophy for 1985 to 
Mr David Lawrence on April 1 1 
at the Phoenix County Ground. 
Prince Andrew, Patron of the 
Badminton Association of En- 
gland. will open the National 
Badminton Centre at Milton 
Keynes on April 12. 

The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, win visit 
Gloucester on April 14 to unveil 
the memorial to the Duke of 
Beaufort in Gloucester Cathe- 
dral and to open the new 
Widden Primary School. 

Princess Anne, Patron of the 
Home Farm Trust, will open 
Orford House, Ugley. near 
Bishop’s Storrfbrd, on April 15 
and, later, win open the Family 
Finding Centre, Hertford. 

The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, will open 
the new Henley Royal Regatta 
headquarters on April 16. 
Princess Anne wfll attend the 
Piper Champagne National 
Hunt Awards ax Cheltenham 
Racecourse on April 16. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will attend a dinner given 
by the Canadian High Commis- 
sioner and Mrs McMurtry on 
April 17. 

The Prince of Wales, Chairman 
of the Prince of Wales' Commit- 
tee. will visit environmental 
projects supported by the 
committee in Cardiff on April 
18 and thereafter attend the 
fiftieth meeting of the com rail- 
tee at the City HaD. Cardiff. 

The Prince of Wales will start 
the 1986 London Marathon at 
Blackfaeath on April 20. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend a service 
of thanksg iving for the Queen's 
sixtieth birthday on April 21 in 
Si George's CbapeL Windsor, 
and bier the Queen will receive 
birthday greetings from school 
children in the forecourt of 
Buckingham Palace. In the eve- 
ning the Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend “Fanfare 
for Elizabeth" at the Royal 
Opera House. 

Princess Anne wiftopen the new 
Ealing YMCA Hostel on April 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Patron 
of the Institute of Marketing, 
will visit the institute's head- 
quarters and college at 
Cookham, Berkshire, on April 

Princess Anne, President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will visit the 
Regent Belt Company, 
Walgrave. Northamptonshire, 
on April 23 and. later, as Patron 
of the Riding for the Disabled 
Association, will visit the Peter- 
borough District Hospital 
Group at Lynch Farm Riding 
Centre, Alwalton. Peter- 
borough, Cambridgeshire. 

The Prince of Wales will visit 
community architecture 
projects in Burnley, Lancashire, 
on April 23 and later, as 
President of Business in the 
Community, and accompanied 
by the Princess of Wales, will 
open the West Lancashire 
Means Business Exhibition in 
the Sports Centre, Digmoor, 
Skeimersdale. In the evening he 
will attend a dinner with mem- 
bers of the Medical Research 
Council at tbe Royal College of 

Princess Anne, President of the 
Royal Bath and West and 
Southern Counties Society, will 
attend a meeting of the council 
of the society at the Sbepton 
Mallet showground, Somerset, 
on April 24. 

Tbe Duke of Edinburgh, presi- 
dent, will attend a Royal Society 
of Arts Committee for the 
Environment conference at the 
Royal Society of Arts on April 
30. and later, as Patron of tbe 
Muscular Dystrophy Group, 
will attend a luncheon in aid of 
the Ducbenne Appeal at the 
Martini Terrace. 

The Queen will visit HM Sta- 
tionery Office in Norwich on 
April 30 to mark its bicentenary 

Science report 

How fish use electrical signals 

By BQl Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

The social and mating be- 
haviour of fish, which commu- 
nicate and navigate using 
electrical currents generated 
by their own bodies, is being 
studied by scientists at Shef- 
field University. 

The researchers in the de- 
partment of psychology, sup- 
ported by landing from tie 
Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council have been 
studying these novel electrical 
patterns in bony fish which 
possess electrical sensing abil- 

The two orders known to 
have these electrical sensing 
qualities are the South Ameri- 
can gymnotifonnes (knife fish) 
and the African 
mormyriformes (elephant nose 
fish and relatives). 

The Sheffield work is stody- 

K ' ! gynmotid group in the 
tory and in their natural 
habitat in tbe rivers, forests 
and coastlines of French Guia- 
na. The electric poises are 

generated from the fishes' 
tails, called electric organ 

These pulses, which are oue 
to two milliseconds long with a 
peak of three volts, are repeat- 
ed at definable frequencies 
between 10 and 100 hertz. 

The poises generate a small 
electric field around the fish. 
The exact shape of the field 
depends on the immediate 
environment, the conductivity 
of the water and the properties 
of the objects and boundaries 
close to the fish. 

The researcberssay: "The 
distortion of the field pattern 
informs the electrosensory 
system of the position, conduc- 
tivity and relative movements 
of objects. Each EOD gives 
the fish a ‘snapshot* electrical 
view of the surroundings, pro- 
viding it with an active naviga- 
tion system unmatched by its 
competitors in the nocturnal 
aquatic world**. 

This system helps the fishes 

to detect objects within a range 
of 10 centimetres and commu- 
nicate with each other over 
three metres. 

The work at Sheffield has 
concentrated on the social 
behaviour which results from 
the electrical phenomena. The 
fish are able to code these 
electrics} signals to threaten 
an enemy or to indicate their 
readiness for mating. 

“More recently our atten- 
tion has switched to the rela- 
tively invariant EOD 
waveforms which is fixed for 
an individual for much of its 
lifetime," say researchers. “In 
nearly every case there are 
species, sex and age does 
within the pulse itself. The 
EOD is therefore rich in 
information potentially useful 
in a variety of social 

Source: Science end Engi- 
neering ■ Council Bulletin , 
spring 1986. 

University news 


The University College of Swan- 
sea will confer honorary fellow, 
ships on the following in July: 
Dr E.G. Bowen. FRS. Professor 
Y.K. Cheung. Dr Cedric M_ 
Hassall. Emeritus Professor 
D.H. Hey. FRS. Mr G.R. How- 
ell. Dr Ivor Jenkins. FEng. Mr 
Robin Huw* Jones. Alun Mor- 
gan Richards and Professor Paul 

Lord. Winstanley' has been 
elected deputy pro-chancellor in 
succession to Mr Cyril Smithy 

Dr Preston King, professor of 
political science at the Univer- 
sity of New South Wales, has 
been appointed to a chair in the 
department of poitics from Au- 
gust 1. 

Dr John Sommerville, lecturer 
in computer science ^u Siraih- 
dyde University, has been ap^ 
pointed ro a chair in computer 
science from July 1. 

lieciurMldpc Mr BN ArnritMg 
icorrgu^^/c^rwgtoft*; and Dr D 

The title of honorary professor 
has been conferred on Sir Rob- 
ert Grieve, a former chief plan- 
ner at the Scottish Office, and 
Dr Derek Lyddon. formerly 
chief planning officer. Scottish 
Development Department. 

Tbe honorary degree of LLD 
will be conferred on Sir Alexan- 
der Johnston, chairman of the 
Board of Inland Revenue, 1958 
to 1968, on July 12. 


Latest appointments include: 

Dr Ivan Duasten to be Director 
General of the British Standards 
Institution from June 1, in 
succession to Mr Derek 

Mr John Holt to be Chairman 
of the North West Electricity 
Consultative CounciL . 

Mr Philip Nash to be' a 
Commissioner of Customs and 

The following to be members of 
the management board of the 
British National Space Centre: 
Mr Hugh ' Fish (Natural 
Environment Research Coun- 
cil). Dr John Houghton. (Meteo- 
rological Office), Mr A lastair 
MacDonald (Department of 
Trade), Mr Tom Mayer (UK 
Industrial Space Committee ), 
Professor Bill Mitchell (Science 
and Engineering Research 
Council). Mr Robin -O'NeiD 
(Foreign Office), Professor 
Kenneth Pounds (Leicester 
University) and Rear Admiral 
John Slater (Assistant Chief of 
the Defence Staff). Mr Roy 
Gibson's apporament 3$ direc- 
tor general of the . centre was 
announced last year. 

Latest wills 

Spinster leaves 
£6. 7m estate 

Miss Joan Frances Paget of 
Nanpantan. Leicestershire; left 
estate valued at £6,777,040 neL 

Mr John Christo Yannedis. of 
London SW, left estate valued at 
£541 .358 neL After two personal 
bequests, he left the remainder 
of the estate equally between Dr 
Banta/rio's and the Cancer Re- 
search Campaign. 

Other estates include (net be- 
fore tax paid): 

Combe. Colonel Harold Percy. 

of Lyndhurst £290,673 

Donald, . Mr . David Mitchell 
Cooke, of Plumpton, East Sus- 
sex.... £431,048 

Frost Mr Arthur, of Newport. 

Shropshire. : £292.9 1 9 

Martin, Mr Robert William, of 
Shire moor. Tyne and Wear, caol 

miner — — £116.842 

Price. Mr Allred Norman 
Cresswell. of . East- 


Master of tbe blues 

Sonnv Teny, the country 
blues singer and harmonica 
player, tired in New York on 
March 11. He was 74, . 

He was born Saunders 
Tedddl Terrv on December 
24. 1911. Blind in both eyes by 
the lime he was 16 as a result 
of separate accidents, he grew 
up in Durham, North Caroli- 
na, where be evolved hfe 
emotive, vocal blues style oh 
the sidewalks and in local 
medicine shows. 

In the scare of the Depres- 
sion fie teamed up with two 
other blind musicians, one of 
them the legendary Blind Boy 
Fuller, with whom be was 10 
make a number of recordings. 

He made his New Yoric debut 
in the celebrated Spirituals to 
Swing concert at Canxegie 
HaU in 1939. 

After Blind Boy Fuller's 
death in 1941 he joined forces 
with the vocalist and guitarist 
Brownie McGhee, with whom 
a fruitful association was to 
last for over forty years. 

In 1946-47 he appeared in 
the Broadway show. Finian's 
Rainbow, for which his com- 
position “Hootin’ tbe Blues" 
was used as a prelude, and in 
1936 he was in Cat on a Hot 
Tin. Roof.' 

With McGhee, Terry main- 
tained a busy touring schedule 
which frequently involved 

two overseas more a year. 
They were heard at folk and 
blues festivals, throughout the 
USA and Canada and made 
lengthy visits 10 Britain', and 
Europe over ibe years. In I960 
they were a great success on a 
tour of India and they visited 
Australians 1963. 

Despite a lifestyle which 
became necessarily: urban. 
Terry' remained an unspoiled 
country' blues artist Almost to 
the end fie' was capable of 
intensely . moving singing 
which he. punctuated with 
pithy and ferociously sardonic 
comments on the . harmonica, 
on which. iLwassaidof him by 
One' critic, he “bent smgle 
notes till they cried for 
mercy". . L ' " 



. — £378.000 

Simmons. Mr Geoffrey- Victor, 
of Hailsham. East Sus- 
sex £293-269 

Bernard Lafourcade, an au- 
thority on modern literature 
and on ’Wyndham Lewis is 
particular, died on March 2 in 
his native Grenoble after a 
long illness. He was 51. . 

The son of Professor 
Georges Lafourcade. the biog- 
rapher of Swinburne, he was a 
brilliant scholar who carried 
forward with learning, exuber- 
ance and style, the role of. 
bridge-builder between his 
own culture and Angjo-Saxo- 

He wrote both in English 
and in French, introdoting, 
editing and annotating splen- 
did new editions of fioftm by 
Lewis for the Blade Sparrow 
Press of California, and pub- 
lishing essays which east fresh. 
Gallic light on whole areas of 
literature and. art. in which 
Lewis had concerned himself. 

Lafourcade translated half- 
a-dozen of Lewis’s works into . 
French, thereby giving him his 
first airing in tbe land so 
revered by the author of Tarr. 

Lately he and bis wife, 
Pierrette, bad made available 
10 French readers a sparkltng 
selection of that pugnacious 
Briton’s judgements on 

In addition, be coSaborated 
with. Bradford Morrow to 
produce* comprehensive bib- 
hography of Lewis. . 

Educated at Grenoble, "Ox- 
ford -and the Sorixrone. 
Lafourcade lectured in English 
Literature at the University of 
Savoie. Chambfty. The audi- 
ence who heard him speak 
during die Lewis centennial 
symposium at ihe Tate in 
1982 came away envious of 
his classes at Chambdry. 

Perhaps his finest legacy is 
his' compilation of Lewis's 
early fiction under the title 
The Complete Wild Body ; of 
which one English reviewer 
said; “Ji is a pleasure to salute 
a scholarly edition of such 
exemplary beauty and 


Senor Jose Martinez, a 
Spanish publisher in exile 
during the Franco regime 
whose press, Ruedo lberico. 
printed many books which 
were circulated among the 
opposition in Spain in those 
years, has died in obscurity in 
Madrid. He was 64. . 

Born in Valencia, Martinez 
fought in an anarchist column 
in the Spanish Civil War. 
Afterwards he was arrested 
but being a minor, he was sent 
to a reformatory, where he 
spent two- and-a-half yeans 

Following a second arrest, 
he fled, in 1948, into exile in 
Paris, where in 1961, with a 
fellow opponent of the Franco 
regime, Nicolas Sanchez 
AJboxnoz, he founded Ruedo 

Jberico for the pu r p o s e , initial- 
ly, of publishing Gerald 
Brciinan> The Spanish Laby- 

. Subsequently he published 
scores of books which were 
proscribed by censors of the 
Franco regime but which were 
smuggled into Spain and had 
wide currency among the op- 

• Their authors included not 
only ' Brennan, but Hugh 
Thomas. Gabriel Jackson and 
a long list of Spanish writers. 

Martinez returned to Spain 
in 1978, and soon afterwards 
bis publishing venture was 
closed. He subsequently 
worked as an editor 


A.R.G.R. writes: 

Mrs Jessie Thomas* MBE. 
who died recently at the age of 
107. spent virtually her entire 
professional life as a teacher of 
handicapped children in 
South London. 

In the early years of World 
War II, as headmistress of 
Meeting House Lane School, 
Peekham, she organised the 
evacuation of 500 handi- 
capped children from her own 
and three other schools. 

She took charge of their 
education and welfare for the 
duration of the war, first near 

Chichester and subsequently 
in Cheshire. 

She retired from full-time 
education in 1947. but for 
another quarter of a century 
children of an ages contin ued 
to benefit from her exception- 
al talent as a teacher and as a 
communicator with the 
young. . 

Quite laite in her life,, at the 
age of 87. she described in a 
book. Hope for the Handi- 
capped - A Teacher's Testa- 
ment. how . she set abour her 


Mr Christopher Collar©, ~ ‘ * 

OBE. who died on March 1 at 
the age of 90, founded Collaro 
Limited in 1920 which be- 
came one of tbe world’s largest 
manufacturers of pick-ups, 
tape decks, electric motors 
and record changers. 

He himself designed and 
manufactured some .of the 
first commercial record 
changers in the 1930s.- 

During the war he devoted 
bis energies to, ihe manufac- 
ture, of defence equipment 
including Bofors, Oeriikoa 
and mortar shells. 

He was appointed OBE for 
bis, war services. 

• After the war he developed 
oveiseas markets, was a mem- 
ber of many boards and a 
chairman of Hartley-Baird. 


A correspondent writes: .. 

Mr David Marindoe; who 
died on March 3 at the age of 
68. had been nearly all his life 
associated with Eton College: 

Brought up in the Cloisters, 
son of a College Bursar, he 
took up a scholarship at .the 
school in 1931, returned as a 
master in 1946, and after 33 
years on the waff, moved bade 
imo the Cloisters in 1979. ‘ 

His schooldays were 
marked by his prowess at 
games, particularly at cricket 
where bis bowling for the Eton • 
XT and .for Oxford as a 
Freshman led to a place in the 
-‘'Gentlemen *s" side of L937. 

He went to Oxford in 1936 
as an exhibitioner of Christ 
.Church. . . 

During the war he -saw 
service with the Royal Artil- 
lery. with whom he fought in 
France and was awarded the 
MC. After the war he retumed : ' 
briefly to Oxford for a dtaree ’ 
and a season as captain ofihe 

university cricket XL 
Thereafter he taught at 
Eton, spending half bis time 
there .as a housemaster. Yet 

when he seemed due to curtail 
his activities and retire, his 
timely appointment as Vice- 
Provost offered fresh stimulus 
and scope. No man could have' 
.risen to. the occasion with 
more enjoyment or moresuc- 

Mr Charles A. Halteck, a 
Republican who served 16 
terms in the US House of 
Representatives including 
two. 194648 and 1952-54, as 
majority leader, died on 
March 3 at jhe age of85. - 

He also- served as minority 
tewter untn he was defeated in 
1965 by MrGerald'Ford, who 
went on to become president 

Lady Onv wife .of. the Rt 
Hon Sir Alan Orr: a former 
Lord Justice: of Appeal, died 
on Febnxarv 16 . $be ^ 
Mariana Prances Lilian, 
daughter of the late Captain 
J.C. Lang 

Iwaichi Fqjiwara,who helped 
Organize the Indian National 
w/ <ic PF™k nce .Aniiy during 
Worfd War II, has died m a 
Tokyo; hospital Hewas 7£; 






TV Eje:(ITV) reported from 
Palermo on the trial of 474 
suspected Mafia members 
which is taking place in _ 
specially constructed, fortified 
court building and is expected 
to last for 18 months. The 
judges, jurors and lawyers 
arrive : each day in armoured 
cars, and police guards an 
posted at their homes at night. 

Hie background to the 
is a period of almost ten years 
ia which the Siritian Mafia 
attempted to corner the Euro- 
pean end of the world trade in 
heroin, importing the drag 
from the .East, processing it in 
huge factories and sipplyrng it 
to the United States. The 
turnover of this business was 
estimated at around £lm. 

Hard facts were evidently 
not easy to come by in this 
investigation, which did tittle 
more than uncover the tip of a 
criminal iceberg. However one 
local politician estimated that 
one-fifth of the commercial life 
of Palermo was attributable to 
the. false prosperity conse- 
quent oa-Mafia activity. 

While legal action contin- 
ued in the baiiding nicknamed 
"The Bunker", school teach- 
ers wore supervising courses of 
anti-Mafia studies and en- 
couraging small children to 
express in drawings whdt the 
criminal organization meant to 

To the American writer Sanl 
Bellow all this would probably 
have seemed part of a mean- 
ingless flow of media events. 
In Voices (Channel ~4) he 
discussed the direction of mod- 
ern life with the British writer 
Martin Amis and the historian 
Michael Ignatieff. Ail three 
repeatedly expressed concern 
that the public world of televi- 
sion was invading the private 
world of individual responsi- 
bility and reducing modern Itie 
to an incoherent, piecemeal 
experience — a sort of Chinese 
meal for the human spirit, 
satisfying in the short term but 
soon producing a renewed 

Even death. Bellow argued, 
had become less an authenti c 
pari of life than part of the 
meamngjessikmof&eztis. All 
this sounded' extremely fine; 
Voices is the kind of television 
programme which aims to give 
the newer the experience of 
sitting at the dimer-table of a 
spiritual master. 

However, both writers were 
so willing to agree with each 
other that the quality of then- 
research was never ques- 
tioned. While they spoke elo- 
quently of a channel-hopping, 
distracted society with the 
attention-span of a flea, it was 
bard to imagine either of them 
actually taking part in it 

Celia Brayfleld 


Echo Park (15) 
Cannons Tottenham 
Court Road, Panton 

Young Sherlock 
Holmes and the 
Pyramid of Fear (PG) 

Jagged Edge (18) 

Leicester Square Theatre 

Clockwise (PG) 

Warner West End 

Echo Park is one of Hollywood's 
hallowed sites. Dozens of Keystone 
slapstick comedies were shot there 
in the - innocent years before the 
First World War; Charlie Chaplin's 
outrageous little tramp flirted on its 
benches, was chased through its 
shrubberies by irate husbands and 
deposited scores of stout parties m 
ibe lake. Later the evangelist Aimee 
Semple MacPherson chose Echo 
Park for her gospel temple, where 
Marilyn Monroe was taken by her 
devout, demented mother to be 

The park is still there, though the 
residential area around has de- 
clined, becoming, the ha veil of 
minor Bohemians, new Hispanic 
immigrants and impoverished opti- 
mists tike May and Jonathan and 
August, the chief inhabitants of 
Robert Dorahelm’smarveDous'filin 
Echo Park. - 

They share anold duplex house 
that has seen better days, socially 
speaking; and there, prey to the 
tinsel lures of Hollywood they 
devote themselves to their dreams. 
The charm is that these dreams are 
so modest and meagre. May wants 
to be an actress but convinces 
herself that her current work as a 
srripogram girl is the best possible 
framing. Jonathan, the. pizza deliv- 
ery boy.' is a secret song-writer: 
August, an Austrian body-builder, 
brings the household a taste of 
stardom with an appearance in a 
deodorant commercial, though he 
never achieves his higher ambition, 
to ;shake •; hands . with- Arnold 

■The family is completed by May's 
eight-year-old son Henry, who is 
growing up fast and watches with a 
shrewd and critical eye as May - 
despite her insistence on the perils 
' of sex and money - wavers between 
the two men, innocently inflicting 
injury upon their egos and emo- 
tions. Light and funny though it all 
is. we are still made to fee! acutely 
with poor August's assorted humili- 
ations, and young Henry's trauma 
when he chances to witness one of 
May's less distinguished strip per- 
formances. These poor fools are 
very real people, whose feelings 
matter. There is. too. an uplifting 
optimism about Echo Pork: May 
and Jonathan and August may be 
victims of tbe Hollywood illusion, 
but they will always win through by 
their resilience and capacity for 

The performances are exemplary 
and irresistible. Susan Dey comes 
from television; Tom Huice. as 
Jonathan, intelligently follows up 
his Amadeus success with a shoe- 
string assignment that exploits all 
his. charm and skills; Michael 
Bowen, who gives August an impec- 
cable Austrian accent as well as 
rippling muscles, is another clever 
Carradine brother; and Christopher 
Walker is a wonderfully down-to- 
earth and attractive child actor. 

The most surprising aspect of this 
funny, touching piece of conterapo- 
rary Americana is that it is an 
Austrian production (apart from the 
development finance put up by Bi0 
Ryman of the Rolling Stones, who 
also contributed a song and acted as 
musical consultant). The writer, 
Michael Ventura, is American; the 
Austrian director Robert Dombelm 
is a 38-year-old veteran of numer- 
ous documentaries, who won an 
Oscar for Children of Theatre Street. 
More recently his tribute to 
Nijinsky's eccentric daughter Kyra, 
She Dances Alone , revealed the 
qualities of indulgence, amusement 
and respect which elevate Echo 

Tbe regular formula of Steven 
Spielberg-produced adventure films 
belongs to a tradition that links 
Gothick romance with The Wizard, 
The Rover, Saturday morning mati- 
nee serials and Flash Gordon. 
Somewhere around tbe halfway 
point the heroes .of any Spielberg 
fantasy are sure to find themselves 
in a maze of dark, mysterious 
tunnels that lead to subterranean 
realms, a decorative underwork! 
where, they do desperate tattle with 

Tom Huice as Jonathan the pizza delivery boy In Echo Park, intelligently following up his success in 
Amadeus with a shoestring assignment that exploits all his charm and skill 

the forces of eviL They emerge 
victorious of course, but only after 
overcoming rituals of fire, 'flood, 
earthquake and holocaust that seem 
like lingering memories of medieval 
notions of hell. 

So the heroes of Young Sherlock 
Holmes and the Pyramid of Fear 
find their way from the decorum of 
mid-Victorian London to the pre- 
scribed inferno. The villains, an 
Egyptian religious sect, have chosen 
Wapping (of all familiar places) to 
build a great underground pyramid 
where they practise human sacri- 
fice. The pyramid is razed and its 
worshippers are annihilated thanks 
to the teenage Holmes, conducting 
his first big case with portentous 
ingenuity, nerve and improbable 
good luck. 

A prefatory title declares that the 
film is not based on authentic 
Conan Doyle stories but is "an 
affectionate speculation” about the 
formative years of the great detec- 
tive. The star of his school be 
befriends a podgy, good-natured 
custard-tart fancier called Watson, 
and astounds his peers with feats of 
deduction. The strategy of choosing 
this part of Holmes's life is self- 
evident: the teenage spectators who 
make up most of today's audience 
are thus given heroes of their own 
age-group. The main parts are 
amiably and professionally sus- 
tained by, Nicholas Rowe, 19-year- 
old Etonian son of a Conservative 

MP, and Alan Cox. the (in this 
instance! owlish 1 5-vear-old son of 
the actor Brian Cox.' 

Despite vagueness over the peri- 
od setting, the first, establishing 
section of the film, set in the school, 
is pleasant enough, with a wealth of 
juicy character parts. The Pyramid 
of Fear pan is standard Spielberg 
fare, aimed straight at the kids, and 
H7th special effects in the ascendan- 

The problem today is that special 
effects have arrived at such seem- 
ingly effortless expertise that they 
cease to astonish — except with such 
rare novelties as the animation of a 
transparent and two-dimensional 
knight, straight from a stained-glass 

The film was directed by Barry 
Levinson, whose earlier, more so- 
phisticated works were The Natural 
and Diner. The writer, Chris Co- 
lumbus, cut his teeth on rather less 
sophisticated scripts in the same 
idiom as ibis. Gremlins and Goo- 

Jagged Edge is a thriller effective- 
ly enough written (by Joe Eszterhaz) 
and directed (by Richard Mar- 
quand) to hold the interest even 
though the mechanics are exposed 
and the denouement may be 
guessed half an hour before it 
comes. Jeff Bridges plays a rich man 
on trial for the murder of his young 
wife (a nasty sex crime, but that is 
the taste of the day); Glenn Close is 

the attorney whose determination 
to win his acquittal is motivated by 
guilt over an earlier case mishan- 
dled as well as her growing vulnera- 
bility to the accused man's charm. 

Comedy and catastrophe are 
proverbially divided only by a hair's 
breadth; and this is the trouble with 
Clockwise, directed by Chrisiopher 
Morahan from a script by Michael 
Frayn, ii has a classic comic form, 
the escalation of misfortunes; but 
after a cheerful start the misfortunes 
become too numerous and too. 
painful for laughter. John Cleese, 
the headmaster of a model compre- 
hensive school, is elected to the 
unwonted glory of Chairman of the 
Headmasters' Conference. His jour- 
ney to this momentous event is so 
beset that by the time he arrives - 
wearing the clothes ofa shorter man 
and pursued by police and lunatics 
— his mind has snapped completely. 
The ending is as comic as King 

Cleese is funny where he may be. 
and this is mostly in the opening, 
before catastrophe takes hold. Some 
crazed authoritarian cousin of Basil 
Fawlty. he stands in his office 
window, administering the school 
with tire aid of binoculars and a 
public address system: or harangues 
the assembly hall with the awful, 
unforgettable oratory of headmas- 

David Robinson 


Music fighting against story 

Cafe Puccini 

Robin Hay is not the first to 
have' spotted the parallels 
between Puccini's operas and 
his private life; but there has 
been, nothing — not even Tony 
Palmer’s restaging of Turon- 

dot as a story of the composer 
and his housemaid — to rival 
Mr Ray’s remorseless enter- 
prise in laying on a show 
about Puccini's ghastly mar- 
riage, the suicide of Doria 
Manfredi, and his atrocious 
death, as an entertainment for 
the great man himself 
Cafe Puccini evidently 

Royal Philharmonic Society concert 


Festival Hall/ 

Radio 3 

There is usually a good reason 
why an "undiscovered master- 
piece” by a great composer 
remains unplaved. Debussy's 
Khamma. receiving its British 
premiere 75 years after its 
composition (the French have 
not exactly flaunted it. either), 
is no masterpiece* Neverthe- 
less the flaws in this20-minuie 
legendc dansee. one of Deb- 
ussy's Iasi works and mostly 
orchestrated - by Charles 
Koechlin, stem chiefly from 
its unbalanced scenario, con- 
structed by a Daily Telegraph 
literary editor for an English 
ballerina who seems to have 
been as nutty as a fruitcake but 
who paid Debussv handsome- 

it depicts an Egyptian dam- 
sel dancing herself to death in 

front of a sun-god to save her 
city from maurading barbar- 
ians (an unpromising ploy, 
but apparently successful). 
One can imagine Torvill and 
Dean doing it nicely. 

Debussy follows this plot 
too slavishly. The musical 

Pascal Tortelier was better at 
obtaining idiomatic instru- 
mental timbres and well- 
judged balances from the 
London Philharmonic Or- 
chestra than in demanding a 
tight ensemble or instilling the 
appropriate feel for rubaio. 
Bui this Royal Philharmonic 

DUl UUS IVUjrai i uiiuoiiiiuuk 

Society concert also included 
and quickening of n.miiwir’c 107ft *v*»lln 

climax — a 

£ Henri Dutiiletix’s 1970 “cello 

pace at the moment of death concerto”. Tout Un Monde 

should end the piece, but 
instead a conventionally pic- 
torial melodrama follows. 
However, the dances them- 
selves and the throbbing, low- 
timbred ostinaio that opens 
the whole work contain much 
fine writing: quintessential 
foiling chromatic motifs for 
woodwind, sinuously twisting 
string tunes and mysterious, 
abruptly appearing fanfares 
are woven together artfully. 

Both here and in Dukas's 
orchestral poem La Peri (an- 
other undeservedly neglected 
work, foil of silky effects) Yan 

loimain . and here conductor 
and orchestra gpve a careful 
account of this sparse, exact 
and exquisite music. .. 

Not that one was much 
aware of this background 
when the ardently lyrical solo- 
ist, FeUx Schmidt, was play- 
ing. He scampered with a deft, 
light bow through the im- 
mensely complex scherzo pas- 
sages, and in the two slow 
movements produced rare 
tonal beauty at an altitude few 
cellists would dare to attempt. 

Richard Morrison 

from the bright idea of 
idiiu his biography on a 
string of Palm Court arrange- 
ments of his best-known arias. 
You can see such a modest, 
informal little show in your 
mind's eye. Putting it into 
effect, however, raises numer- 
ous obstacles, over every one 
of which Mr Ray comes to 

Lyrics have to be changed to 
fit the new situation, and a 
fine old hash is made of that 
A pretext has to be found for 
the performance, so Puccini is 
brought on as guest of honour. 
Then, with a painful gear- 
change. he joins in the perfor- 
mance as one of the actors. 
The comical proceeds to his 
death; then the lights go up 
and the company crowd 
around the maestro, mirac- 
uluously restored to health, 
asking whether he enjoyed 
their little pantomime. As if 
that were not enough, the 
prima donna reverts to her 
role as cashier and hands him 
a bi)L Puccini, in other words, 
has ordered the show himself, 
on top of which the cashier 
quits the premises before he 
has paid for it. 

As for the main story, there 
are two capably written mari- 
tal rows which Lewis Hander 
and Nichoia McAulifTe put 
over with weary, battle- 
scarred ferocity'. Those scenes 
entirely depart from the 
vaudeville style, but they are 


» Bob Larbey’s new play 
malcpg the West End a wanner 
S and more wonderful place” d. Mmi 


exhilarating display of comic timing^ ^ 


01*836 8243. 01-240 9648 



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Lewis Hander weary, 
battle-scarred ferocity 

at least alive. Otherwise, the. 
story simply jumps from anec- 
dote to anecdote, despatched 
either in limply sterotyped 
dialogue or in narrative that 
could have been lifted from 
any account of his life. Here is 
Puccini playing cards with his 
cronies at the Club la Boheme: 
three speeches in, and off we 

Sadler's Wells 
is to London 
what music is 
to dance . . . 

The Perfect Partner! 

Enjcn siunflingddni'efurtneri-d 
wfihdRloi'Ousraieh oiffiuMCin 
three new -how, iu*t> New, VorL 

American Ballroom Theatre 


The Pasadena Roof Orchestra 
April 10-19 730 (Sal Mat 2.20) 
‘SHEER DEIIGHT - vr*>?irt T.nn^ 
Rosalind Newman 
and Dancers 
April 29-May 3 730 

Bill T Jones, AmieZane 
physically impressive 

Vu V*ll ; iW« 

go with the disastrous Butter- 
fly notices. Enter Doria 
Manfredi, who tells us that she 
is Doria Manfredi and that she 
came to work for Mr Puccini 
when she was 16. 

Giulio Ricondi, as Puccini’s 
ally, periodically potters on as 
a fatherly party, warning his 
protege on the perils of indis- 
criminate fornication. But 
when we meet rival composers 
there is no telling one buffoon- 
ish petit maitre from another. 

Whatever light comic atmo- 
sphere fitfully develops is 
extinguished whenever Wil- 
liam Blezard and his six 
players strike up the next 
number. Torn out of context, 
the music was bound to bring 
the narrative to a halt and it 
would have been better if Mr 
Ray had simply accepted that. 
Instead, he has tried to relate 
the songs to the events; so that 
when Puccini announces that 

he lost his father in childhood 
that is a cue for Jacinia 
Mulcahy to launch into “O 
mio babbino caro”. Later, 
when Puccini is wildfowling 
his way through the operatic 
capitals, we get the amazing 
spectacle of Elvira, the heavy- 
weight mistress of the Via- 
reggjo mansion, shambling on 
in a tea-gown with lighted 
cigarette to pour her matrimo- 
nial grievances into “Un bel 

Palm Court orchestration is 
one thing: but there is no 
comparable way of scaling 
down the vocal lines. Christo- 
pher Renshaw’s company do 
their gallant besL but there are 
no operatic voices there; and I 
leave you to imagine the effect 
of a bald description of 
Puccini's throat operation 
backed with a quavering ac- 
count of “In questa reggia”. 

Irving Wardle 


Elegy for Young 

Elizabeth Hall 

Elegy for Young Lovers is all 
about fake and disemegrated 
personalities, which may be 
good reason why its own 
identity is so divided, present- 
ing us wiih a fiercely unpleas- 
ant libretto joined, or more 
often not joined, to a delecta- 
ble score. The fact that it had 
not been seen in London — 
though there were productions 
at Glyndeboume in the 1960s 
and by Scottish Opera a 
decade ago — made it a 
specially suitable choice for 
the London Sinfoniwia’s trib- 
ute to Henze in the year of his 
sixtieth birthday. 

But the performance will 
not have added to the credit of 
the later Auden, or more 
particularly that of the later 
Kallman, whose share in the 
text would seem, on both 
external and internal evi- 
dence. to have been considera- 
bly the greater. 

The supposed subject-mat- 
ter is simply not serious. It is 
inconceivable that poetry 
could be manufactured by so 
grotesque a manipulation of 
events and emotions;, or that 
such manipulation could be 
justified even if great verse did 
resulL On the other hand, 
though, ii is entirely possible 
for the authors of a libretto to 
manipulate their characters. 

Toni and Elizabeth, the 
young lovers clegiacized, ev- 
entually win through to digni- 
ty and lucidity (they are 
allowed this when they have 
consented to die), but their 
earlier coming together re- 
duces everyone to the banal. 
Lines line “Elizabeth is nice, 
but she's not for you” strike a 
very odd note alongside the 
moments of lyric escape and 
the quirky doggerel in the style 
of The Rake's Progress. 

The chief difference from 
that other opera, of course, is 
the lack of a placing in 
convention, which allows 
Henze's music to apply itself 
to the text as expressionist 
drama, thereby effectively un- 
dercutting its pretensions. 
Within this style, within any 
artistic style since Puccini, a 
love-duet is impossible: the 
music simply shows the hol- 
lowness of the libretto at this 
point Where music and words 
do join hands is in depicting 
the awfolness of the poet 

Michael Rennison's pro- 
duction was discreet (except 
for a-.< bold revelation of the 
glaciated bridegroom “nude as 
the sun”), with minimal 
props, grey costumes, dim 
lighting and lecterns at which 
the principals could keep their 
scores handy. But this was an 
advantage in leaving the lime- 
light for the rich cool of 
Henze's chamber orchestral 
textures, brilliantly and intri- • 
cately realized by the Sin- 
fonietia under his own 

The cast was excellent Ste- 
phen Roberts was an irascible 
lout of a poet. Linda Hirst an 
embittered Lina and Penelope 
Walmsley-Gark an astonish- 
ingly accurate, phosphores- 
cent exponent of the mad 
woman's colorarrura; Teresa 
Cahill and Philip Langridge. 
the one tenderly radiant to the 
others fine-nerved audacity, 
were the lovers. 

Paul Griffiths 





Box Office 01-278 8916 
(5 lines) 







Many large and oversized wool and silk carpets 
retained as a result of defaulted and unpaid accounts, 
bankruptcy, transport damage, repossessions and disputes. 


ON SUNDAY 16 MARCH at 2.30pm 

Inspection from 12 noon same day 

Goods removed from depository to: 


Terms: cash, certified cheque and all major credit cards. 

Auctioneers: A. Wellesley Briscoe & Partners Lid.. 144/146 New Bond Street, London W1. Tet 01-433 4579 

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Mermaid ■ Y 

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01-236 5568 A ^ A, 


























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UP 32% 


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UP 38% 

UP 89% 

In the last four years Guinness has been 
transformed both in the UK and internationally. 

We sell nearly 40 per cent of all the beer 
exported from the UK to overseas markets. 

We have successfully launched new products 
both at home and abroad. 

Alongside our core drinks business we have 
expanded, in retailing and health care, both 
growth sectors linked by strong brand names 
with good consumer franchises. 

All this has resulted in our Company 
growing in value from £90 million to oyer £900 
million in the past four years. 

During that period our shareholders have 
reaped the benefit. 

Our earnings per share have increased by 169 
per cent and our share price has shown an almost 
six-fold increase. 

for Distillers. 


Guinness and Distillers. More than just a merger. 

TEik adraiMiMiH r. rubhlmj bf Moijan Grenfell & G> limned and The British Linen Bank Limned nn behalf oi Gumma* PLC The Bikckh* of Gumrvw PLC are the perccm ttspan sible for the mforouBcn contained m *i&a*wt«nwnr. To the . best oi their knwWfie.arJ bdirt ihas’mg tafcrn a&rraxmdtfc care® nnure 
tha. Mieh dw the information turned in this advertisement » in accordance w ,th the tacts. The Director. ot'Gumno* WC accept responahlltv accordingly SOURCE: Guinness Accounts. Uirnnw Imp"" U«p. Uinnrnw Market \jnance5naremenLs Lramness Actual Market Vjrtiiwr Sutenrenpi H. M. Cuatims an* &CUC 

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^Kiday march m iora 

T I TT^ 





FT 30 Share 

1350.6 (-0.1) 


1616.7 (-7.8) 


118^7 (+ 0 ^ 5 ) 


US dollar 
1.4610 (-0.0075) 

W German mark 

3.3537 (—0.0033) 


74.6 (—0.6) 

BT turns in record profit 

in calls slows 

By Teresa Poole 

Profit rise 
at Collins 

. William. Collins increased 
US pretax profits to £13.1 
million in the year to Decem- 
ber 29 from £ I L75 million in 
1984. The company's British 
publishing divisions per- 
formed well and Glasgow 
operations made further 
progress. The final dividend is 
5.37Sp, making 7.75p (6.5p) 

Rowntree up 

Rowniree Mackintosh 
made pretax profits last year 
of £79.3 million against £74.5 
million. The dividend was 
raised II percent to 1 2^p. 
Tempos, page 19 

Tax issue 

. , The Chancellor's decisions 
on income lax in the Budget 
risk, becoming submerged in 
the wider issue of longer-term 
tax reform Page 20 

Video return 

Amstrad Consumer Elec- 
tronics is returning - to the 
video cassette recorder market 
with an infra-red remote con- 
trol VCR at £299. The a 
VCR shop price is about 

News chief 

Mr lan Hay Davison, for- 
mer chief executive of Lloyd's 
insurance market, is to be- 
come a non-executive director 
of Newspaper Publishing, 
which is bunching the new 
daily newspaper. The Indepen- 
dent, in October. Also joining 
as a non-executive director is 
Mr George Duncan, chairman 
of Lloyds Bowmaker Finance. 

Victoria buy 

The Afiicd-Lyons subsid- 
iary, Victoria Wine Company, 
is paying £23.5 million cash to 
buy the proper ti es and assets 
of the D and A Haddow off- 
licence division from SlaJds. 

Pay subsidy 

.The Nissan Motor Compa- 
ny of Japan will cut the pay of 
49 executives by 10 per cent to 
cope with losses caused by the 
yen's sharp rise against the 

Leeds launch 

The Leeds Permanent 
Building Society has launched 
a £200 million Eurosteriing 
floating rate note issue at par 
under the lead management of 
Baring Brothers. The interest 
rate for the first interest period 
from April 14 to June 16. has 
been pre-fixed at 12 I/I 6 per 

Shares deal 

An unconditional' offer by 
Morgan Nicboils to acquire 
Norton Villiers Triumph has 
been accepted for 76.7 percent 

of shares and will be kept open 
until April 5. 

Campari offer 

A formal document has 
been sent to shareholders 
containing the offer on behalf 
of Mr A Nordin to acquire at 
49p per share in cash the 
shares of. Campari Interna- 
tional not owned by him or his 
family trust- 


John Karslake works on the 
options desk at Sheppards and 
Chase, the stockbrokers, and 
not Phillips & Drew as was 
slated m yesterday's Times. 

announced record pretax prof- 
its of £1.333 million for the 
nine months to December but 
said that the growth , in tele- 
phone calls had fallen below 
internal, budge is. 

The results, an increase 
from £1,070 million, failed to 
impress the market: and the 
shares closed 14p down on the 
day at 2I8p. Third quarter 
pretax profits moved ahead 
from £386 mOlibn. to £448 
million. . - 

The" growth in the volume 
of inland calls during the third 
quarter was just 6 per cent, 

WU’KI oiHwod udne rad irfia- 
company was benefiting from rj? 
publicity surrounding privali- 







Sha re price 

1 j 1 a 1 s * o 1 n 1 d ' j ’ f ‘m 1 


This is the third consecutive 
: fall in growth rate and is down 
from 8 per, cent in the first, 

International call volume 
moved ahead by 10 per cent, 
compared with 12 per cent for 
the nine month period as a 
whole. Telecom blamed the 
falling oil price for a reduction 
in telecommunications traffic 

nations, particularly the 
iddle East and Singapore. 

The finance director, Mr 
Doug ; Perryman, said that 
with telephone income run- 
ning lower than expected, the 
level of expenditure had also 
been cut back but would be 
close to £2 billion for the full 
year. ' 

Expenditure . in the nine 
months on digital exchange 
equipment was £259 million 
out of total capital expendi- 

ture of £1.373 million, up 
from £1.362 million. But by 
the end of this financial year 
the number of lines connected 
to local digital System X 
exchanges will be “nowhere 
near" the 1.8 million forecast 
a year ago. 

Telecom’s 1.6 million 
shareholders must pay the 
final 40p instalment on their 
shares by April 9. The share 
price will be quoted on a fully 
paid basis from April 1 and 
shareholders who want to sell 

without making the payment 
have until March 27. 

If allowance is made for the 
changed capital structure of 
the company which took effect 
in August 1984, profits for the 
nine-month period were 20 
per cent ahead on turnover 10 
per cent higher at £6,160 

Total operating costs in- 
creased by 9 percent to £4.624 
million, including a 5.8 per 
cent increase in the salaries 
bill. In the drive to increase 
efficiency. 2.000 jobs were lost 
in the third quarter, makin, 
3.000 since the beginning o 
the financial year. 

About £74 million of the 
third quarter’s £2. 11 1 million 
revenue came from the last 
two price rises and in the light 
of the company’s record re- 
sults. the Telecom Users Asso- 
ciation ' yesterday called for 
prices to be reduced 

Mr Perryman denied that 
increased charges accounted 
for the fall in volume growth 
and pointed to a 3.7 per cent 
increase in the number of 
customer telephone lines over 
the past year to just over 21 

Jaguar 40% US-owned 

Forty per cent of Jaguar 
shares are now held in the 
United States, spread among 
6.000 investors, none of 
whom have more than 5 per 
cent, Mr John Egan, cfaurman 
of Jaguar, said yesterday. 

But he pointed out that 
there was no evidence to 
support suggestions that Gen- 
eral Motors had built tip a 15 
per cent stake in the company. 

Mr Egan, commenting on 
reports that the GM had been 
acquiring . shares in Jaguar 
through nominees, said: “It 
would be most, discourteous 
for them to have done so.. 
They are a fine company, and . 
I . would' not expect them to 
operate in the dark." • 

Jaguar is bid-proof until the 
Government’s controlling 
‘golden share” expires in 
1990, but Mr Egan said that in 
the'^meamime he could hot 

By Cliff Feltham 

ensure the ownership pattern 
of the former BL company. 

.. “If in London we are seen as 
a. Midlands metal basher on a 
price earnings of eight and m 
the United States as a luxury 
car maker with a PE of 12 then 
shares ;wfll transfer from one 
market to the other.” 

The Jaguar profits for 1985 
of £121 million, up 33 per 
cent, announced yesterday, 
were a shade below some 
stock market expectations but 
the shares still rose 15p to 

Mr Egan said that world- 
wide sales had increased by 15 
per cent to 37,952, with pur- 
chases of the XJ-S sports car 
rising by 28 per cent. Record 
sales were achieved through- 
out Europe while in the US, 
Jaguar's biggest market, sales 
rose by 10 per cent to 20430, 
with demand exceeding sup- 

ply and the waiting list begin- 
ning to lengthen slightly. 

. In Britain the steady 
growth of the past few years 
continued with sales of more 
than 8,000, the highest since 

Mr Fgan hedged on when 
the long-awaited XJ40 model 
would be introduced, indicat- 
ing that it would be later this 
year or next with most follow- 
ers betting on an autumn 

But he said that the increase 
ofbetween £10 million and £20 
million in costs arising from 
the launch and build-up of 
stocks would would lead to a 
“flat year” afterwards. 

Jaguar was now on the verge 
of stepping up production to 
1,000 cars a week for the first 

steps up 
bid battle 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 
Correspondent .... 

Haslemere Estates is inten- 
sifying its fight to stop 
Rodamco Property, part of the 
Dutch investment manage- 
ment group Robeco. taking 
over the company. 

It is launching an advertise- 
ment campaign in Holland's 
leading newspapers telling 
Rodamco shareholders that 
their company's dawn raid is 
“not cricket." 

Haslemere says that such 
tactics would .not be allowed 
on Rodamco's home ground 
and that contested takeover 
bids are unheard of in Europe. 

The gentlemanly attitude 
which hasprevailed until now 
in the contested £179. million 
bid is set to change as 
Haslemere toughens its 
stance. The property company 
has called in another public 
relations company. Streets Fi- 
nancial, to help Broad Street 
Associates in its counter offen- 

Haslemere's main defence 
rests on its recent property 
portfolio revaluation which 
resulted in a net asset value of 
728p per share. Rodamco is 
offering 600p per share in cadi 
for the 76 per cent of 
Haslemere it does not already 

- It has extended its offer 
until April I and so far has not 
increased its price, but it may- 
do so after April I. 

Haslemere’s shares have 
been trading at about 630p 
and the putch predator could 
well raise its offer to match, 
that price. 

£21m buyout bid 
for Raybeck 

By Our City Staff 

A group of senior managers a quoted compan y wi thout the 

at Raybeck. the lossmaking 
manufacturer of Berkertex 
bridal and women’s wear, 
yesterday launched a true 
management buyout offer, 
worth £21.6 million, which — 
if successful — will lead to the 
resignation of the board. 

More than 10 employees, 
including five principal man- 
agers, are making the offer 
through a newly-formed un- 
quoted company, Legibus 
687, with the financial backing 
of several financial institu- 
tions including Candover In- 
vestments, Globe Investment 
Trust and Bectra Investment 

The four main board direc- 
tors of Raybeck, who speak for 
8.9 per cent of the shares, have 
agreed to leave the company if 
the buyout is successful and 
they are recommending the 

This is believed to be the 
first • time a management 
buyout has been mounted for 

participation of the directors. 

Raybeck, which formerly 
owned Bourne & 
Hollingsworth, the London 
department store, last year 
sold its lossmaking Lord John, 
Werff Brothers and Best Sell- 
ers retail businesses for £12.25 
million. Since the sale the 
company has traded profit- 
ably, but for the year to 
January 25 is expected to 
show a loss. 

The terms of the offer, 
which is being carried out 
through a scheme of arrange- 
ment, are 477p in cash for 
every 10 ordinary shares and 
115p for each preference 
share. The shares yesterday 
closed 1.5p higher at 45.5p, up 
from 39p last week before the 
announcement of an immi- 
nent bid. 

If the buyout succeeds, the 
chairman of Legibus will be 
Mr Trevor Morgan, the for- 
mer chairman of Tirapsons 
and a former director of Next. 

Sedgwick up £16.3m 

Sedgwick Group has de- 
clared a final dividend of 
7.75p for the year to Decem- 
ber 3 1. with profits after tax up 
io £86.1 million from £69.7 
million; . 

Revenue was up to £581.5 
million (£456 million), operat- 
ing profit to £131.6 million 
(£96 million). and pretax prof- 
it to £124.3 million (£963 

The group has completed 
the divestment of its remain- 

ing Lloyd's managing agency 
interests which produced an 
extraordinary income of £7.1 
million. ' 

• Continued contraction of 
merchant shipping during the 
year hit the company's marine 
businesses and certain activi- 
ties in Singapore and Hong 
Kong. In Australia, the pro- 
gressive transfer of workers' 
compensation insurance to 
the public sector has necessi- 
tated efforts to- develop and 
extend other areas of interest- 

£3 billion 
for Shell 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Mr Peter Holmes, the chair- 
man of Shell, which yesterday 
announced profits of £3 bil- 
lion for last year, said that 
world oil prices would remain 
volatile even if the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries reached a new 
agreement in Geneva next 

“Unless Opec comes up 
with some workable con- 
straints. the downward pres- 
sure on prices would be 
expected to continue." he 

Despite the ups and downs, 
“Opec will survive”, he add- 

Mr Peter Holmes also said 
that Opec had miscalculated 

Peter Holmes: “oU prices 
will stay volatile" 

when it thought that by driv- 
ing down oil prices it would 
force Britain to cooperate in 
production restraint because 
many North Sea fields would 
become unprofitable at 
present prices of around $14 a 

Shell is reviewing its North 
Sea exploration programme 
but no projects have been 

Mr Holmes said that Opec 
attempts to involve non-Opec 
oil producers such as Britain 
and Norway in production 
restraint had’ failed. 

The Shell chairman added 
that he did not expect any 
agreement between Opec and 
non-Opec oil producers to 
restrain output. 

Shell's profits of £3.032 
million against £3.648 million 
in 1984 are in line with City 
expectations. The figures re- 
veal that the company wrote 
off £ 1 00 million at the end of 
the year in the value of oil 
stocks held, and £350 million 
for restructuring of refining 
operations in France and in 

It also lost £396 million on 
foreign exchange operations 
because of the fall in the value 
of the dollar.Tempns, page 19 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Rank prefers physics 
to chemistry 




Industrial Fin 96p dn 17p 

Ultramar 19®P*»8p 

Woo fworth 579pdn1Qp 

Bejam 15ep dn 4p 

Reed bit .. 827pdn14p 

Dow Jones - 2 pm:1751.68{+&23} 
Nikkei Dow — 14.414.66 (+176J>3) 

tSSserw ‘ 1,612.67 f+22.28) 


SSSLnk 2JR*5(-8.8) 


£ SI .4610 
£ DM3.3537 
£ SwFrJL8205 
£ 'FFr10.3147 
£ Yen262-54 
£ Jmtex;74.6 . 

ECU £1.5405-1.5485 

SDR £0.778235 

New York: 


R DM2.2965 

S: index: 1116 


London Fixing: 

5Ssl»| 0 oS3^6'(£238- 7S ‘ 



Comex S34&S0-349-40 



Me Beware 

Apptevard 13Sp up 13p 

vmod ll 3pup JJ! 

Tyne Tees TV 

Jaguar 470p up !j{P 

LwT 315p UP JfjP 

WmCoflmsA . Sgk'SjK 

EucrivotuS Pulp . • . 47ppup4op 
WBsSKT . 209pup15p 


BankBase:12% ■ - 

S^nofith WBrtwnK 11 

Snomh eligible MteTVu-ll 11 * , 
buying rat® 


Prune Rate 9 

Smonfo Treasuiy1|ffls 6.82^61 

30 -yoar bonds 1 lS^liS^si ; 

Shortage of skilled workers 
poses threat to output 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Industry leaders gave warn- to be placed on employment engineers for more than 12 

measures rather than tax arts. 

ing today of the consequences 
of the growing shortage of 
skilled workers and said that 
one in seven manufacturing 
companies believed -their pro- 
duction would softer. 

In a surrey published jointly 
by the Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry and the Manpow- 
er Services Commission, the 
worst shortage' to emerge is of 
professional engineers. ■ 

Bnt more than a fifth of 
firms said that further Short- 
ages were Ijkely to emerge id 
the next' 12 months, with 
computer and management 
sen ices experts hard to find. 

The survey has been, pub- 
lished just five days before the 
Budget, hr which the CBX has 
beep pressing for the emphasis 

Eight per rent of firms, said 
labour shortages would re- 
strict their investment plans 
during .the next year, com- 
pared with only 6 per cent in a 
similar survey conducted in 
December 1984. 

Mr Bryan Nicholson, the 
chairman of the MSC, said too 
many companies still took the 
easy way out and preferred to 
poach experienced skilled peo- 
ple from other firms rather 
than (rain their own. 

The survey, covering 1,284 
employers, shows that 38 per 
cent of those reporting short- 
ages of skilled engineers said 
they expected the situation to 
worsen. Seventy one per rent 
mM they bad been short of 


Shr Terence Beckett, the 
CBI director general said : 
"Industry is alive to the fact 
that its output is being con- 
strained by shortages of key 
skills, and is making major 
efforts to rectify this through 
improved education and 

More than £24 million had 
been put up by more than 200 
companies through the Infor- 
mation Technology Skills 
Agency to help to overcome 
skill shortages, with the mon- 
ey going to universities, poly- 
technics and other institutions 
to increase the output of 
graduate engineers and tech- 

If there were any lingering doubts 
that the Rank Organisation is under 
new management, they would have 
been dispelled yesterday. Rank's 
instant response to the Court ruling 
that the Independent Broadcasting 
Authority had acted withing its 
powers in vetoing Rank's bid for 
Granada Group was two-fold: it 
would appeal against Mr. Justice 
Mann's ruling and it would press 
ahead with its bid. Michael Gifford. 
Rank's chief executive, and his 
chairman. Sir Patrick Meaney, are on 
a high and in a mood to leap rivers. 

The IBA had declared on February 
25 that it woud no permit Rank to 
vote more than five per cent of 
Granada's shares. According to 
Granada's articles of association, 
only “an approved person" can vote 
more than five per cent, and the seal 
of approval has to be given by the 
IBA. The authority is dearly entitled 
to determine whether an independent 
television programme franchise, in 
this instance the franchise held by 
Granada Television for the north- 
west of England, can be sold (Thames 
to Carlton) or acquired by taking over 
the parent company. Rank is barking 
up the wrong legal tree. 

But if Rank is determined to buy 
Granada, even if the prize came 
without the TV franchise, it is right to 
continue with its bid. The offer made 
last month was five Rank for nkne 
Granada shares, with a cash alter- 
native of 275p.per Granada share. At 
last night's close the paper offer was 
worth 295p.and Granada stood at 
270p. A determined Granada board 
might not have too much difficulty in 
resisting these terms but a signifi- 
cantly higher Rank bid would make 
Granada shareholders, as well as the 
Granada board, stop and think. 
Having to consider the way 
shareholders might vote is an entirely 
new experience for the Granada 
board: before 1984 an undemocratic 
voting structure gave effective con- 
trol of the company to the Bernstein 

Price however, is only one of two 
major determinants of a successful 

takeover bid: the other is chemistry. 
Here Rank may be in danger of 
falling down - always a risk with 
gung-ho bidders. The important ele- 
ments in Granada are Alex Benstein, 
son of the last Cecil, his uncle, the ad- 
mirable, civilised Sidney (Lord Bern- 
stein), and Sir Denis Forman — in 
particular Alex. He is deeply con- 
scious of the Granada inheritance 
and acutely aware of Sidney’s brood- 
ing presence. He has Sidney’s 
stubbomess, but not his flair, and his 
father's rather shy modesty. His 
integrity is unquestionable but his 
powers of leadership are not strong. 
He has an abiding interest in artand 
he is obviously rich. Others like him 
might be tempted to take a board- 
room back seat and time to develop 
other interests. That is not his 

There are two critical factors about 
Granada Group's performance, past 
and future. In its three main busi- 
nesses — television, television rental 
and motorwy services — it grown 
successfully, through internal 
endeavour and through acquisition. 
When it has strayed into other areas, 
it has cut a poor figure. The second 
point is that merely by continuing to 
cultivate the existing businesses, 
Granada is firmly on course to 
generating cash flows toward and 
beyond the £200 million mark within 
three years. It would therefore make a 
great deal of sense to meld Granada 
with a similar group where its 
resources could be put to good use. 
That appears to be Alex Bernstein's 
strategic thinking: but part of his 
thinking is that he should be the bead. 
The link with Ladbroke seemed a 
strategic fit, though it too would 
probably have fallen fall of the IBA. It 
went no father than first base because 
Cyril Stein is not a man to hand over 
the top spot, however promising the 
synergy might have looked to them 

Rank might bludgeon its way to 
victory with cash and paper but it 
might not be too late for Sir Pat and 
Mr Gifford to think more about the 

A tin gong for the LME 

The London Metal Exchange was its 
best this week when with speed and 
efficiency it brought the extraor- 
dinary tin crisis to a conclusion. At 
times during the four and a half 
months the affair dragged on the 
exchange had seemed out of its depth. 
The courtly arts of lobbying govern- 
ments and international 
organisations were largely foreign to 
the LME and the Byzantine complex- 
ities of the International Tin Council 
were quite impenetrable. But when 
the TinCo plan finally and abruptly 
collapsed and the buck was passed to 
the market to find a solution it was in 
its element 

No other market in the world could 
have organised with comparatively 
so little fuss the exchange in two 
dismal hours of cheques worth £150 
million, all drawn on the resources of 
members. In one fell swoop the LME 
settled securely the postions between 
members and between] members and 
their clients and departed tin trading, 
possibly for ever. London's status as 
the major world metal dealing centre 
was reasserted with such authority 
that brokers yesterday were already 
reporting a sharp increase in busi- 

But the solution has raised new 
questions. What happens to the ITC ? 
Are there other international bodies 
ostensibly guaranteed by govern- 
ments whose debts may be equally 
insecure ? And where does the LME 
go from here ? 

Much is now in the hands of the 
lawyers, for whom it promises to be 
an unprecedented international bo- 
nanza. It will be a very important 
case or series of cases. The future of 
the ITC and of analgous bodies could 
well be determined by the outcome of 

cases which will almost certainly take 
years. The core of the argument is 
whether sovereign immunity can 
cover commercial contracts which 
include, for example, agreement that 
disputes should be put to arbitration 
under the rules of the LME. 

Many of those who have lost a 
great deal of money from the default 
of 22 countries, including Britain, 
may not wait that long, however. The 
banks have said that they will make 
borrowing on the Euromarket diffi- 
cult for the errant ITC members, and 
international institutions such as the 
World Bank and the International 
Monetary Fund might look closely 
these countries' requirements. 

Banks are more sanguine about the 
demonstration effect on international 
lending generally. The odd legal 
position of the ITC - answerable . 
mainly in no court at all - is not rep- 
licated by loan agreements with, say, 
Brazil or Nigeria. Besides, these 
countries decided early on in the debt 
crisis that it was more prudent in the 
long run to play the game. 

It is the LME which will continue 
to bear the brunt, despite the 
resourceful resolution of the debts for 
25.000 tonnes of tin between mem- 
bers. Everybody on the exchange 
expects to see ring dealing seats 
vacated over the coming months.The 
departure of Philip & Lion, while not 
directly caused by the tin crisis, 
shows how dangerous metal futures 
trading has become for all save the 
financially powerful On Thursday, 
even as self-congratulation was in the 
air. the LME admitted for the first 
lime that substantial changes may be 
needed to satisfy the Securities anbd 
Investments Board. 

The Ashdown Investment Trust PLC 

The Annual General Meeting was held at 36 Old Jewry, London EC2 

on Wednesday, 12 th March, 1986. 

The following is a summary of the Report by the Directors for the year ended 30th November. 1985. 

Total Revenue 

Revenue after taxation and expenses 
Earnings per Ordinary Share 
Ordinary dividends forthe year net per share 
Net asset value per 25p Ordinary Share 




£1 6B6.818 


£ 946.695 

3.1 7P 







Managed by Schroder Investment Management Limited 

The Company aims primarily to achieve long-term capital growth 
. white maintaining a progressive dividend policy. 

Copies of the Report and Accounts are available from 
the Secretaries. Schroder Invests *»nt Management Limited. 36 Old Jewry. London EC2R 8BS. 












i a 



■ 3 





• S 


• 0 








New York (AP-DJ) — Share 
prices dosed nixed yesterday 
in the second busiest session in 
New York Stock Exchange 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, after jumping 43.10 
points on Tuesday, rose anoth- 
er 18 points by midday before 
giving op all its gains to finish 
down 0.60 at 1,745.45. 

'-The broader market fared 
better, however, as the S&P 

500 index rose 0.85 to dose at 
a second consecutive record at 

Virtually every other impor- 
tant market index dosed at 
record high for the second 
consecutive (toy as well, in- 
cluding the Dow Jones trans- 
portation, utility and com- 
posite averages; the NYSE 
composite index; the Nasdaq 
composite index; and the 
American Stock Exchange in- 

Mar Mari 





7¥i 74h 

5Sr 5 

U J . MS 

m is 

ZO\ 20 

65% 624; 



65% 66% 
27V, 27V, 

AMR 50 

ASA 38% 

Ahed Signal 51 
A wm 
AVn rtJa Hs 
Am Brands 

Ain Can 

AmETPwr _ . _ 

Am Express 67*j 66 

Mo Home 79% 77% 
AmHospftai n/a 
Am Motors 
AmSI'nm 46% *S\ 

AmTetepfl 23 23 

Amoco 59% 57% 

Athko steal n»i 
Asareo 21 H 20*. 
Ashland Oil 4^ 

AiRtthfleid 53 51 

Anon Prods 32^ 32% 

BkrsTst NY 43* 43% 

Banksmer 17 
9H ol Bswtn 75% 74 e 

Banked NY 60% 6) 

Boatrca Fds 47% 

BmtiSiem 2 1 

53>: 53 

57% 56V 
57% 57% 

5S8 . 

0g Warner 30 
Brel Myers 73 
BP 33' . 

Buf ton Ind 38% 36V 


33% 32% 

Stiff ton Ntn 80% 78's 

Burroughs £®K 67V 

CmpteSSo 53V 53% 
CanPaafc 13% 13 

ca t or p o r 

51% 52V 

.. TS3 191 

Central sw 30V 30’a 

Champion 28% ZB'e 
Chase Man 47% *es 

ChmBKNY 5Z% 51% 
Chevron ZTj 36% 



40% 40% 

57% 56% 
22V 22V 

Coca CoS 102% 1 00% 

36V 35% 
„ IS6V 138% 

CfcntfaGas 30% 38 
CmbtnEng 33 V 33% 

Cons EAs 

347. 33V 

41% 41% 

Cn Nat Gas «8 47% 

Cons Power 13% 13% 

Cm/ D ob 24% JMK 
Comma Gl 71% 69% 
CPC Ira 63 61 H 

Crane 46'i 47X 
'Cm ZeHur 45V 44% 

Dan A Kraft 50V 50 
Deere 33V 33S 
Delia Air 41% ajs 
DffronEd 19 19 

Digital Eq 164% 16311 
Dorwy 34% 33% 
Dow Chenr 50 V 50% 
Drasser ind 18% 18S 

Duke Power 41 *0% 
DuPont 72% 72S 

- Eastern Air 87. 6% 

ferni Kodak 56% 53% 
Eaton Cocp 74% 74V 

Emerson B 87V 87« 
Evans Prod n/a n/a 





EwtOnCom 55% 5dV 
Fed Dpt Sts 75 72 

RresTona 26 28% 

FstCterago 3lV 3iv> 
Fs)/MBwp 60% 60 
Fat Penn C 9% 8% 


72 V. 72V, 

FT Waciwa 39V 3?'i 

GAFCOrp 68% 69 

GTE Cop 

51 'A 51 
SIX 79* 

Gen Dy'mcs T9V, 79 
Gen Electric 77 77% 

Gen Inst 20% 20% 

Gen MBs 77% 75 
Gen Motors 78V TO 
GnPOUtny 19% 19V 
GfOTaseo 3« 3*s 

Georgia Pik 33 33% 

Grtm 62K 8T'/, 
Goodrich 43% 43% 

Gould toe 

3414 33* 

27% 28% 
47% 49 

SlAn&Tac 24 'A 23% 
Grhnd 35% 34% 

GromanCor 27% 26% 
GuB SWest 58% 59% 

HmiHJ. 37% 38% 


44V 44% 

HTati-Pkn) 44% 43% 

Honeywell 76V 75V 

1C ends 43% 44 

Intend St 

tot Paper 
tot Tel Tel 

66% 65% 
Steel 26V 26% 
148V 152% 
n/a n/a 
15% 15% 

58V 58% 

43% 44% 

living Bank 52 V 51% 
JftnsrtSJftn 51% 51ft 
Kaiser Alum 20% 20 

Kerr McGee 27ft 27% 
Kmp'ly Ckft 83 V 81ft 
K Mart 40ft 40 

Kroger 45ft 44ft 





Coro n/a 
Litton n/e 
Lockheed n/a 
. Strs 26 
ManH'rwer 517, 50V 
ManviflaCp 7% 7% 

Mapco 38V 38% 

Marine MW 4SV 49V 
Mn Marietta 37% 36% 
Masco 58 56% 

MCDonnsB B4ft 83% 
Mead 51% 51% 
Men* 155% 152ft 
Mtnsta Mng 101 101 ft 

MODrftW 29 29V 

Monsanto 57ft 56V 
Morgan J A 77ft 76% 
Motorola 44% 43V 
NCR Corp 44% 44 
NLlnastra 14 14V 

Nat Dattre 39% 38V 
Nat Med Ent 24% 24ft 
NatSmenW 14*. 14% 

NorftjfcStft 90% 90 
NWBancrp 37V 36ft 

OcadntPet 25 ft 24ft 
30% 30% 

□fin C01 

m Coro 
Pec Gas El 
Pan Am 

39% 39'; 

67> 67 

22% 22V 
8ft 8V 

• 6 (TV ■ AMU ctiasntSSr 

Penney J.C. 68% 67% 
Pemuod 53% 53 
Pkxsco 82 80% 

1 9d k Burnt closed 1 ivi ssue 





Pfizer 55V 
Phelps Og® 26ft 
PhipMre 108ft 
PtnalpsP« 10% 
Polaroid 70V 
PPG Ind 64ft 
PnarGmU 70ft 
PD S E & G 36 V 
Raytheon 60V 
RCA Coro 62% 
RynfdsMn 48% 
Rodmelkn 41ft 
Royal Dutch 70V 
Sal (ways 33V 
Sara Lea 59% 
SFESopac 39 

SCM 74ft 

ScftTberger 31ft 
Scott Paper 62 
Seagram 53ft 
Sears Rbck 47 
SheflTYans 43ft 
Smger 49ft 

SrmnktoSk 84ft 

19v * 

SBi&WEtS 30ft 

SoerryCorp 52 



Stevens Jf^ 34ft 
SunComo 49ft 
Teledyne 357% 
Tenneoo 37V 
Texaco 29% 
Texas ECor 30 
Texas tost 126% 
Texas Utta 34V 
Textron 60% 
TravbsCor 56% 
TRW Inc 96ft 
UAL Inc 55 
UrtfJeverNV 157% 
UnCartwie 19V 
UnPacCor 53 V 
Utd Brands 24V 
US Steel 23% 
LMTeehnol 54 
Unocal 22ft 
Jim Walter 55% 
WmerLnttt 52V 
Weds Fargo 81ft 
W signs* B 51% 
Wayorh'Sffl* 37V 
Whirlpool 68 
WocHworth 71% 
Xerox Corp 71% 
2ereth 25% 


26 7 < 


10 % 



















49 V 
66 % 


Awn Alum 

Bed Tele 
Gulf Oil 
Hkr/Sid Can 


In Pipe 
Ryl Trustee 

Mflcr Hiram 

iSuosmiTniVd ytrguwe 























12 % 










day's range 
March 12 

N vorv 1 4680-1.4810 
Moweai 2.051 1-2.0076 
Amsdam3.760M.791 6 
Brussels S820-6&75 
Cphgen 123245-123394 
Du Mm 1.1033-1.1105 
Frankfurt 3J2B6CL335S1 
Lisbon 21829-220 21 
Maond 210.16-21 1.05 
MllanM 2264.802385.03 
Oslo tO.H86- 105851 
Pans 102510-10.3344 
St'knliti T0.6109-1 07147 
Tokyo 264.48-266.43 
Vienna 23.36^358 
Zurich 2 8213-28447 

Market retea 


March 12 
1 4680-1. 4690 




12.3276-1 3.3470 








264 83-265.15 



1 month 

0.60-0 J9prem 

0 03-0-1 4os 








11-1 rife 





13%-1 1ft pram 

2-1 '■'fprsiri 

3 montttj 
1 .51*1.46 
l( t 



Starting index compared wfffl 1575 was up tt 78-2 ftfayV range TSjO-TSJU 
Rates suppHed by todays Bank HOPEX wef Brtel 


Base Rates ft 

Ctearag Banks 12% 
Finance House 13 


Dtecocmt Market Loans % 

Overnight High: 13 low 12% 

Ween fixed: 

Treasury BOs /Discount ft) 


3mntn 11'ie 

Prima Bank BMa (Discount ft) 

Tirmth 12''i>-11>'jf 2mnih ll*-1i% 

3 ninth 11 Vk 11 s -6 fiffllUh 10%-10 IJ i« 

Trade BBs (Discount ft) 
imnthi2"i* 2mnth 12% 

3mnth 12’w 6mnth 11% 

2 mirth 11% 
3mnth 11%« 

Intertm* [ft] 

Overoght wen 13% close 12 
1 week 13'4-13 5mnth 11-i«-11 k ie 
1 mmh i2 3 uT''t 9mrrth lli.*-ll'i» 
3mnth 11 VI 1ft 12mth ll'n-lO'** 


7 days 7>fr7% 

3 months? V7K 
** -• -« — - 

7 days 4%-4% 
French Franc 
7 days 19*16 
3 months 15 ft -1426 
Sarin Flenc 
7 days MX 
3 month&3 k-u-S^is 
V an 

7 days 5ft -5% 


Ireland 1.3370-1-3390 

Singapore 2.iK0-2i630 

Maraysa 25145^5180 

Austraia 0.7035-0.7045 

Canada 1^970-1 JS80 

Sweden 7^425-7^475 

Norway 7.16S0-7.1700 

Denmark B.4S25*8.4075 

West Germany 22745-22760 

Swraseriand — 1,8270*1 J285 

Jtethartands 25680*5780 

France 6LS95D-7.0050 

1 7955-160 A5 








.> 15.94-1556 

*Lioyd« Bank IntarnHhmM 


can 7ft-Sft 
Imonffi 7%-7% 

6 months 7%-7% 
ca> 5-4 
1 month 4%-4% 
cad 9%-8% 

1 month i7vi€ft 
6 months 13-12% 
on zvi% 

1 month A 
call 6-5 
1 month 5%-5ft 
6 months SVSft 


Local Authority Deposits (ft) 

2 days 12H 7 days 12ft 

1 mmh i2ft 3 mmh 11% 

6 mmh 11% 12mth 10ft 


Local! _ 

1 mntn 1 2%- lift 2~rnmti 12ft-12% 
3mnth la'is-l^w 6mmh 11 ,s i*-11'>* 
9 mnth 11%-11% 12 rath 11V#.11V» 


1 irnith lZft-12% 3 mnth 11 l, i«-11 n is 
6 mnth llk^-1131, i2mth 10 VI Oft 

Fixed Ran Storting Export Finance 


6 mmh 7.30-7.25 

3mntfi 730-72$ 
12mth 7.40-755 

Scheme IV Aran sge reference rate tor 
period February 

, . . . 5 1986 to 

March 4 1988 teduswe; 12.654 per 


Three Month Storttog 

MarSS - 

Jun86 ^ 

Sep 88 

Dec 86 

Previous day's total open imeraet 1 1773 
Three Momto Eurodotor 






EH Vol 

















Jim aS 

Sep 86 .... 

Dec 86 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 


Sep 86 








Previous day's total open interest i979S 
9259 9257 9257 584 

9280 8272 9275 2431 

32.77 3270 92.71 412 

9254 9256 9258 287 

Previous dw's total open Merest 6358 
98-00 97-01 97-03 175 

97-30 9&OB 96-19 8935 

96-24 9620 85-30 11 

Short Gift 

Jun86 ._ 
Sep 66 — 





98-64 . 

1004)0 8940 

9920 13 

8932 342 


Long G8t 
Mar 06 
Jun86 — 
Sap 86 — 
Dec 86 . 


pt-se 100 
Mar 86. 

121 - 


Jun 86 - 16350 

Previous day’s total open toteratt 7204 

119- OB 0 

121-29 1304)9 120-10 8684 

121-31 121-31 12023 10 

120- 23 0 

(Various day"* total open mtenesf 1668 
163.80 161 JS 16250 5S5 

165.75 16320 164.40 % 

Argemaiaaustrar 1.1760-1.1783 

Austraba ctoSar 2DW7-2093Z 

Bahrain dmar 0553005570 

BraM cruzado ’ 2024 <9-205557 

Cyprus pound a74404>.7540 

FWand marks 75430-75830 

Greece drachma 20630-208 JO 

Hang Kang dollar 11.48S-11.497 

India rupee 1750-1210 

Iraq dinar 

KuvrtW dinar KD 
Mataysa dollar _ 

Mexico peso. 



New Zealand doSar 27711-27838 

Saudi Arttoanyal 556003.4000 

SmgaporedaBar 218033.1840 

SotimAlHcarand 2^099-23230 

U AEdanam 53900^.4300 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page are based on 
Wednesday's trading 

London cowaoorrY 


cocoa tot per tonne; 
Gas-«f and auger »USS 
per tonn e . 

O W toymen and Co report 


May 159*492 

Aug 1662-654 

Oct 1692-690 

Dee 1732-720 

Mmh 178.6-732 




March 1518-10 

May 1497-96 

July. 1528-27 

SflW — 1557-54 

Dee — 


May. — — 






March — — 2525-20 

Mar 259540 

July 2658-55 

Sept 2710-00 


Jan . 

March ... 
Vot — 



... .3186 



June — m— 



132241 .6 

- 1292-00 

- 130.540 











Oct | 






137.00- 3650 

137.00- 3550 
140 09-3550 



Unofficial prices 

OffleMt Turnover flswroa 
Price in E per metric towj* 

Svtf in pence per trey ounce 
Rudolf Won A Co. t*dL report 


Cash — ^ - 3800381 X 

Three months . 10015*10015 
vra 5125 




Cash 9695<7EC 

Three Montoa — 996MB9B 

vw n* 

Tone . 



Cast) 2495-2505 

three Months — 25952595 

Vol - 1100 

Tone — s»«Jy 


Cash 400.0-4100 

Three Months 

Voi - nfl 




Cash 433.04305 

Thru MortfS — 4365-065 
Vol 525 

cash i OTS- ara 5 

TlwB#Morth4 — . 2965-28SO 

Vol 396 

Tote KaaOt 

«cat Awruvraroac 

AvregetotriB Chprtcee At 
MMeaenlathW «*•!»«» 
March 12 

GB: Cette. 95S4p per kg to 

(-0.47? . 

GBC Sheep 22001 p per KffeM 
Ga f n^ per >«- 


— - - ■ » a U|aI*m 

Came nos. up 25 ft. 9 vl 
noe up 1.7 V are. . 


Mg nos. 108.6 ft 
price. 77!7lp(-0521 


Came noauc 31-5 ft. are 


. nos. CSJnm 279 ft, ara. 
once. 2M 51 pi +751) 





Th<R8 Montes — 

3330-384 0 
„ 70 



383.0-384 0 

Three Months — 


... n8 




Throe Months — 



Tone : — 


Ckne One 
11590 11350 

.11836 11629 

11956 ‘ 

9940 97.75 

102.46 ' . tert^s 
106.10 10450 


: — - 13 





Pig Mew : 

Open -Ctou 
-1D4.S 10848 
1048 unq'tod 

18*8 1035* 

- 1103 HS8 

- taas 103* 

1091 108 • 

TO7 1100 • 
1T0S 110.7* 

ns$ . KMO* 

MBS 1025* 
U3NDON MEfCrffimmco * 











p-prlSto - 

MeM» Odm Oom 
totritoO 1940 ! 

uoQtod ts40; 

uripted TS70, 
united 1805, 
in? ted 1808, 

- WAOj 
«jWD 0K_ : , 
rcn-AtomruKS , 

Eperionnr » 












Open Ctose 

828 «M8' 

1120 iitr 

50.0 ST8/ 
875 0Si 
' :KB5 T03J- 
Vol 1571 - 
0F5EX '• • ■ 

cuamMJtotoMlid [ 

report SW per to dUBri W ‘ 

KptoLdto Ctoto a 
6458-8400 8455* 


July 86 7478*7445 74ft 0* 
OcLSO SS889545 0685' 

jmtr sauNwu 061.0- 

AortS? 9455: 

8*87 ' 6215. 

Oct 37 - 902.5 

Jan 88- 9150, 

5P0C7425 •» 

w ^S«lBN*r : 

HMLo* Ckm j 
Mar 86 Sa&MT&O ,■« 

Apr 85 7800, 

MiyK 79287828 7800 

James — — rfes 

Sept 06 9708 

Dbc86 9908990.0 9858 



ggn unt oirtto 

to Vld 
tore Ch'gs pone* n* 


108 07 

720 5flO 

rss ita 

329 Z4S 

1E6 123 
12a n 

112 83 

19* 152 
Si . 4T: 
33. » 
■>» 312 

n s* 
94 72 

743 S2S 
>61 119 
123 97 

>S5 112 
502 346 
Sffl 363 
199 140 
118 89 
142 103 
336 SS* 

140 114 

« AS 
125 91 
>36 a 
!U1 76 

197 122 
258 186 
306 242 

m ao 

580 415 
W2 117', 
112 233 
ns tb 
123 100 
802 405 
140 105 

Mlflr Tmst 
Are Ame, Sac 
ABatac Assad 
Br Assad 
B> Epw Sac 
Br«qh In* 
Ouner agency 
Craaoart Japan 
Daw* we 
Payton Cons 
OrtytaA Far EM 
Drayton JaMn 
Drayton Pmnvar 
Dwdae Lun 
Con Mnar Asm 
Etactnc Oan 
Erepsn n 
e^naa - 

Encash NT 

F4 C Paote 

Fire Set* Anar 
Ranrtg Amcncan 

Ramng Conor 

" gras* 


81 •, 



















• *2 
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31b 2S 4ift 
39* 41 343 

4ft 3.0 363 
27 504 

+2 . 




• *2'4 

• +3 



U , 

44 17 SZ3 
08 07 .. 

39b 3^ 42.5 

IS 01.. 
27 44344 
07 JJ. 436 
209b 50 258 
31 20 41.4 

230 35 405 
3000- 4.0 35S 
0 5 03 .. 
128 98 M.7 



namng Jaoan 










• *4'i 


• *2 












• *12 
• *2 
• +Z 

42 333 
10 .. 
02 .. 
3 ft 39ft 
4 D 345 
1.7 78ft 
2.4 503 

2ft 4 S3 
14 5U7 
25 57.1 
l.t 37.0 


mgn low Company 

to - 


ft P/E 

47 %i 

IS 13.7 

i28b 41 38.1 
1ft 1.4 


• *B'i 

36 2J 47ft 






nawaifl Or+wn 


ft +3 


25440 ■ 
21 G&0 






Flammo Ttcjl 











7 ip 


tor, 73 




• *2 


26 543 










Scot W 



GT Jason 




15 .. 


35**1 Scot Mac 'A* 



Ganaral Funds 




20 895 






Ganmat Gone 




53 285 



Sec Of Scotland 



128 103 
340 251 
146 no 

188 127 

2 re 152 

297 HE 
273 2KT 
186 138 
285 226 
583 448 
255 208 
62 <1 
204 162 
88 58 

86 65 

117 86 

189 133 
>46 108 
157 112 
264 103 
354 288 
415 354 

77 54 

179 153 
54 37 

2*3 157 
37* 2*8 
123 69 
325 2 n 
163 126 
lOt 82 
43 30 

46 32 

385 292 
156 125 
244 198 
295 168 
202 ISO 
295 228 

Glasgow Sox* 

GovflTt Attfloe 
Go**afl Onanau 
G raanlna* 
Gwran Hods* 
He |P) 

toaaiwi Suctaat 
nv Cap 
Japan Acres 
Law Oaomua 
ten McctoDt Ok 
um tYw« 

Murray mcoom 
Mcto tap 
Atomy SmaB 

Murray VOMin 

N*w Court 
tow Oman Oa 

*wn*og toe 83 
tow Tokyo 
ton Adana; Sac 
Ntn Saa Asms 


ft +2 


26 522 



43 326 






• 1 


2D 83.4 






ft +7 


as . 



27 29.0 




X3 43.4 



48 28.2 


: +5 


.14 869 




02 . 


• -2 


4.4 SSI 





92 32* 








18 8*4 




5.3 270 


• -a 

7.1 1 

4 5 335 







£2 580 




49 288 






32 34.7 



4 2b 

80 188 


• +3 

1 1 

05 -- 




15 01 




TO 814 

?Klte AfSBK 
Da Mm 
ncsonai Assas 
Rwar ft Marc 

3 *3 

*♦3 10 

24 504 
27 47ft 


100 76 

m « 

185 137 
255 197 

in 3 

J4fi. m 
180 129 
lift 19 
Ut> 134 
153 1» 
280 2r> 
315 2*8 
178 137 
l» 103 
86 72 





era 25 4*5* 


mcnorax mm 
tr mo ft Cm 18ft. 
-m ram Mb 2 » 
TH rtoto a ct w oa- 97. 
m pkAc 8am u& 
TAPcmev . m 
tb Tara • iw 

VtVomm IK 
Tarecaar •_ Ol 
?<iV*to* . --2BD 

Time Saorea CaoSrt 
Tm OMri it» 
Trewsp ■ 12B 

a ££ A 

tAdg Bam/ns sr 

• *3 

80 _. .. 

15 . 37 »2* 
ftto 80 31 A* 


2 A 27 49JL 
•1A. lft J 

7M. .8428.7 


318 269 

ritopa o ua rtnartf 9* 
TW to ^"rK 

3*8 ari 



m -7$. 







♦2 03 

♦ft 150 
• *l 86 
6*4 12.1 

um s 

3 v 10 



55 28.1 
50 27ft 


285 m*s 7.1 2A.4U 



41 82 44.1 

ift zs sea 

9.7b 33 414 
20 2759ft 
KL7b 2ft 582 
00 2* 530 

25.0 .£1203* 

89b 43 38ft 


96 S 


. I7-.860 
mi re 

TO* 73 

2<8 m 

85 60 
590 350 
105 44 

m to- 

an 217 

in- if. 

41 K 
211 93 




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e *» . 

tVtoaao i 









sssr-* *-s- 

Goooa ID ft in M 




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Snrai Itnret 








*« WHiU 
*% .. 

•-V I* WMT 
.. » .. fiF 

*1 00 ftfttefti 

-*■» K3 . as BA 

- -*% 886 as 3* 

- *« 54 3.755% 

• . . - Aft 40 13JL 

Aft lftltf 
• M MH? 
*m . 92- 10 27ft 
s r h iu 

• - V'»M 
*r 25 7p 20 Ttr 
*r3 raft- er 7j 
*w mi ».r 8t 

• ♦** 2l 4 27 237:* 
m .. 1U 80 07 

♦1 05 08 507. 

-■•3: - 1 

... 12 4ft~22A 


Bft Ofln Ore YW 


BO. NtfOwCvc Ra SaumamauPi 0H8 SAL 

03*5 717373 iLunnai 

Ci ft Fare) 
ut tyi m e Eau4y 
wortow Bore 
Mvicai Growth 
ton Pautx 
Asaats ft Earns 
Capral Basanw 

1183 1251 
900 957 

Convn ft Enur*;, 

■an Cranai 

European I 


uk Gmwm toe 
Do Aeon 
US Emrjjmg Co* 
Earns Progrsss 

Atao Ouriv Canna Swreon sm 1EL 
0793 610366 ft 0793 28291 

Growth ft income 
i Tran 


Accuffl trust 

. ... I Til 

Eou*tv weoina 

Baca Trust 


Japan Fuw 

Ftoto Trust 
Am*f Sod S«S 
Sacs Of Amor Tsf 
aw Aam vftus 
0*t (town 
Smato Cos 
Jnc Smato Co s 
tocomry Trial 
Mai Un 5 empty 
Omw El 

0«aw eanw^ti 
Taenponoy TS 
aioonw Eftsmor 

2198 23a 10 
1329 1*15 
2313 2*6.3 
3S53 3764 
5*1* 5766 
302 322« 
2362 253.7» 
1292 137 8 
1373 (462 
M2 3i5 
718 763ft 
775 B25 
1310 1395 
6*5 687c 
203 4 216.6 
217 1 2313 
37 2 307 
1121 1194 
1452 154%ft 
771 821 
831 US 
18*9 (989 
91 5 974 
I IS 7 fits 

Enamor Snweo* Co* 211 5 22*2 
USA iunct 

*42 327 
*25 324 

*42 267 
*70 323 
♦106 305 
*02 419 
*41 404 
*2* 494 
*10 687 
*03 131 
-03 001 
-12 128 
-02 1.18 
*13 DM 
*36 327 
-01 292 
*09 2 75 
♦11 258 
*i 2 228 
*06 22* 
*32 301 
*U 092 
*1.9 539 
*15 285 
*75 1.40 

Trust 3225 3419ft 
(3i_ FttKuyr P6v*m»n t Lontan ECZA 1A7 
01-028 9876 01-290 BS*0 (1(2/3 
Cipm Growth me 57 f 6(0 
639 683 
(023 l»«ft 
54 8 58 6ft 
570 60S 
*90 51 5ft 
BO 7 B49ft 
«ra toeome Inamw 70 1 749# 

Do Ararat 1624 173 6ft 

mra Tim wwme P8 725ft 
Da Aaaim 1760 1U2ft 

677 724 
64 4 688 
563 593 
77 1 289 

8*7 90S 

Etsmm ft top 
Do 6% wmtoiw* 
Fmaree ft PW"» 
G* ft TwaP Inaxne 
- 0° , Ayr” 1 

1 toeome Incm, 
Tiwi income 
i Actum 
M Accum 
Dp 5V Vfihflrwl 
ttortMQta Fang 

DO ACeum 

. 5m*Wr Co 1 ACCun 137 4 1469 

• Worm Pwmy Snara 95 101 
- PDrtfcjS* TB UK TS 0 77 7 

towornjwm 73B 76.* 
Poruoao T*1 US 71 8 74 4 
Ponrore Tb Eumpa 830 963 
PonfaboTitHK 367 380 

-Oft 173 
*11 1 73 
-1« f«2 
-09 IK 
*10 2 37 
*0.1 846 
*03 64ft 
*12 524 
♦27 524 
*03 043 
*12 843 
-04 256 
-03 236 

II 18 
*0211 18 
*13 134 
1 19 
*06 183 

-0 7 010 

-02 1 05 
-05 DIO 
- 1 8 010 


a Grattan St Eflmburon EH3 87V 
031-225 MSI JDotor*03l J26 60 661 

"1|» E* tisi 

389 9 4006 

1 » 

Jaren E, f*3> 

275 9 287 9ft 


u* E» OH 

1»2 207 6 


P# p fti*s w 

368 8 3882 

. P HI Pans UK 

161 2 1606 

0G America 

199 0 1692 


BG Enwgy 

1166 12* 1 


EG income Grwtn 

1762 187 5ft 

5 21 


1324 1403 


. BG TacmaiQqy 

1682 1790 



25126 Armamarto Saw, Lorepn Wix 4AO 

01-491 0295 

Jaeon ft GonerM 
«V tocoma 
- rwenvuoniw 7rua 
Income tjjfi TM 
Gets ft tare tot 

Sooc* Snuawn* 

49 I 
71 1 

Aft 5ft 
7i 2ft 


-01 292 
-05 021 
*04 770 
-06 l 13 
*02 4 19 
*04 589 
*02 V 97 
*06 1.43 


Uncam Hausa. 252. RonrtoB W E7 

01-53* 55*4 


A**t Attn 

Do meom* 

Exama tru* 

E,n Income 


G4I ft Ftnad HC 
Awn ft Gan «k 
D o act 

Growth AocuRf 
•"coma trust 
lMifl Trim 
Soacrft Situations 
Trustee Frao 
Una Tech ACCym 
Do mcome 
Wore*rea Truv 

e I'M an Fund Acs 3tji 3320 
DO Inc 204? S177 

°0 Bo* 156 Becnwvum. Kent Qfl3 4/0 
01-658 9002 

B50 904 
tXB 1390 
834 S9.3 
673 7lSft 
410 8 4455 
TD2 746 
S22 4 2365 
2493 2652ft 
135 7 i*a 3c 
536 5ft (ft 
1223 UO 1ft 
1238 131 6# 
1745 185.8ft 
319 6 3402ft 
782 flip 
135 1 1437 
lifts 1903 
1051 1 n.0 
*98 520 
*9 5 528 
137 2 14S9 

*10 308 
*90 381 
*14 546 
*-26 a 14 

*42 322 
*27 303 
*05 9 as 
-15 047 
-1 6 0 47 
*32 232 
*5.6 3 52 
*1 1 101 
*22 247 
*30 264 
*2.0 299 
-01 081 
-04 1 17 
*78 334 
*5-0 334 




Grortn ft Inc 
Do Aceum 
F*w Japan 
Jaoan 5wori 

J N>an SunriH 
■re Smato Co* 
hirst Eurooe 
Prel N Amer 

40 9 5i2 
40 0 42 7ft 
981 IDO 
8)7 663ft 

<0 1 700 (ft 

61 7 659 
78.9 M3 
723 773c 
Gl 4 660 
87 6 9J1 
496 530 

-09 080 
-15 080 
-i3 090 
*10 230 
*14 230 
-14 030 
-02 Dig 
-16 030 
-05 2 7p 
-05 080 

S9 Giewrai Sl London EC2P IDS 
0’-606 4433 

•toi nao irm 
Gircoadn me 
Do Aouitn 
Oerarai Inc 
Oa Aocum 

CM mg toe 
08 A*um 
nrn v^tj re 
Ot Ictzrr 
■faMn trtjj me 

Do A«vm 
N Amercan Inc 
Oo Acorn 
VACnc tntryne 
. W Acorn 

5<ra Cos me 

Di Accum 

Hi 4 MBS 
80 2 M2 
983 1030 
'4$ 7 iMO 
1972 2098 
1U0 1176ft 
t "9 fl 1846 
80 0 85 2c 
'WO r 660 
184 7 1*61 
>9i* mt 

46? 435 

53 9 5 72 
=046 iio i 

H7.B 123 7 
69 6 74i 
819 87 2 

w, i2jF!5yO! lV*wneni lonoan Ksy» ,jn 
6^10233°*^ °’- 63a Mra l 9 Marey^ra 

-04 IJt 
-0.5 1.3i 
*25 34i 
-23 3 4l 
*01 930 
*01 930 
-10 593 
*19 692 
-22 026 
-2? 02S 
-03 095 
-03 095 
-24 060 
-2 9 0 » 
•08 206 
*08 206 

B«J Otfar Chug vq 

Growth Ol 
•in Raosuerv 
Soawr CO* 
UK Grtwffl 
Enra ik 

ik ft (towin 


Fmancoi Sacs 
fine i Gftn 

Ito LKSum 
P"7P 3"ares 

Amer Growth 
Ame, income 
Amer Smaaw Co* 

MB 37.7 
104 4 1114 
1315 1413ft 
381 406 
58 4 623ft 
»B 282 
1994 2127 
1973 JW04e 
108 20 ift 
127 8 1383 

55 6 

59 3ft 


9S7 1021ft 
Ml 62-Oe 

Ault Growm 

Eon ; . 
Far Easi 

tong Kong 

(HO Growm 


Jaoan Pan 
Jroan Smeaar 

£»aniai Martru 
9-17. Peirymorat to. Haywards Heart 
0444 4581A4 











68 7e 

(4 3 








*01 06* 
-07 302 
-09 1*9 
-05 IW 
-07 729 
•01 740 
*36 4 _ 
-25 *SS 
.. 979 
. 283 
-0.6 329 
-03 298 
*01 0^7 
-0.9 144 
*06 090 
.. 087 
*02 326 
-01 5.79 
*03 179 
-0 7 052 
-02 0.40 
-05 124 
-00 412 
-0.1 202 
*14 3.70 
.. 4.14 

86 Frad ream# 
Do Accgm 

Growth Accm 
Do toemna 
rngii income 

Norm American 

574 61 7ft 
962 1 03 5ft 
1M5 1231ft 
185 3 i$93 
1195 128.5 
606 652ft 
71 8 772 , 
Ml 635 . 
814 68 1 ' 
3&i 399 
1333 1434 
31 8 329 

The Swel. Eicnange London EC2P 2JT 
01-598 2860 

*08 426 
*09 212 
*18 179 
*11 545 
*14 524 
+01 120 
-01 O?o 
*06 331 
-IB 060 
•03 200 

General toe i4j 
Do Accra! i*> 
toeome Fund r3J 
Dr Accum 13) 
tort Inc |2 i 
D o Accum Ci 
Sroaaer re (5l 
Do Accum (5i 

187 1 207 5 
3105 326 8 
96 3 103 3 
1896 1773 
1148 11991 
151 8 150 5a 
980 710*55 
CIQ3S 1103 



125. iron tortorn. London wciv 6PY 
01-242 1148 
CS Japan Frao 

+35 4 78 
*S9 4 78 
.. 205 
. 309 

»3 6B5 -07 031 


1 Onmwc Way. WemtSay. «A9 OHB 
01-908 8876 


Far Era 
Norm American 

2725 2899 
3127 332 1 
150 2 1S92 
I4i 9 1510 

+3 3 2.79 
*44 4£1 
*01 DBS 
*1 8 0.71 

100. OW Broad SI. London EC2N XBO 
01^21 00H 

(31 335-2 JS29 

toeome >31 2621 2759 

NCrjh Amancon iX 28 00 274 7 

Wteam Si EC4N 7AU 


Oft Trust 

1031 1102ft -02M 02 

T> Lonaoa Wat EC2 IDS 
01-568 1916 

to. Bmc 389 15 

Fired tot 1396 

Deems* 1000 

awtmes official hvestmeht fund 

77. London MM. London EC2N IDS 
01-568 ISIS 

Frame 3St 06 ft 

Accum 810X088 





Narrow Phn. Brew BS2 Ojh 
0272 277719 

Genmai Entity 

E®»y Hign_ H»soma 

««« W Qrt 
tone* Secumias 
Amer Growth 
Jaoan Grown 


. . ... 250 

Fried Me 235 250 

161 . CMWgOe, London EC2V 6EU 
01-728 >999 
Craw Accum 
&wav Tiwr 
Erea income 

European Growm 








Gih Strategy 
Growm toae,nnent 
toeome A Growm 
jaftjnase ft Paoic 
Nin A nra Grown 

iroi Racowry 
Sarara Co » 

Gloom Inc Tsi 
Crown House, wotpno GUSi ixw 
04862 5039 

Hidh toeome Trust 
Grown Trust 
American Trust 

2893 2864 
<13 432# 
1540 (638 
1401 1*90 
.54 9 565 
S74 9 3824 
392 41.7ft 
1175 1248 
990 10S3 
1036 H0« 
192 1 204 4ft 
£31 56.4ft 

+46 1 SS 
•03 58l 
♦IS 522 
*10 2*8 
. IH 
-60 258 
*iq 457 
-20 001 
-01 17fl 

-02 269 
*10 229 

2318 2372 
2169 2320ft 
1255 1343- 

*34 540 
+59 310 
♦ 13 075 

4 Memac Crescent. BonOurgh 
031-226 JJ9J 

69 1 739 
86 3 923 
1267 1355ft 
100.2 1072 
in8 1879 
19 r Z10B 
27 7 296 
H66 1217 
1380 1433 
816 8<3 
2(70 2240ft 

American Frau 
Carnal Frad 
Grown ft me Fire 
rtqn exu Fund 
totemaoQta Fund 
Poreufces Fund 
Smsr jao Co b Bug 
To^yo Fund 
(E«> amer 121 
i Eii Jaoan Ol 

|C.» PWAC (41 

6»i Smgaef Jao ■«) 1668 1720 
Curofrad 237 25 3 

Sam toad CMdemwm. Gracaswr GLS3 7LQ 
0242 52I3M 

61 B 
67 3 

+09 230 
*13 184 
♦20 4.24 
*15 830 
-01 'JO 
+0.1 2i4 

-16 020 
. 209 
*03 02B 
-02 395 

Uk Balanced me 
Do Accra! 

UK Grow* Aceum 
UA hngn me me 

N Amerein Aceum 
Far Ereem accum 
ropeen Aecrai 
UA G»1 A FI Inc 
On Accum 

71 E 
71 J 
57 4 
57 4 

*1.5 291 
+ 19 281 
•1< 186 
-12 531 
*01 149 

-07 IS 
-0 2 621 
*03 8 71 

AOmm Crane Hereren hone 28 U 
tore tomtom ami ols 


974) (ISO 


wa '’ eh,w 

Bk> OtfcF Chna YU 

Btf 08ar cang no, 

BU omr Chop YU 

B» oner are TW 

M Offer Ore TM 

tu Offer are w 











88 7ft 




+11 329 

*02 ... 

+ 10 240 i 
*06 244 
-01 181 
-0.1 079 

EdutaDM Partan 
Mart toeome mar 
Gi A Fued w 
ra or Mu Trusts 
Saatftl Sns Trust 
Nin Amer Trust 
Far Eastom Trust 
St Gamoa Hsa Coroorason St C aweary CV1 

0203 553231 

1438 1SZ.8 
1265 134 5 
2279 2424 
1865 1984 
993 10*50 
649 893ft 

Ortwin Emery 
N «mtan 

Property Shwe 
f tniWr GoavftNH 
Bedpaan Hue 

IMS 1233ft 
2059 >191 
2967 3074* 
1375 140.1 
1109 171.1 
2200 2345 
1994 2122 
•2002 22* T 

-At 921 , 
*41 i«8 ! 
*85 229 : 
*04 20* 
-22 050 
♦15 176 ! 
*31 207 
*02 0.93 

Do Accra, 
Wonmnoa Grow* 
Do Acorn 

UK Growm Acorn 
Do toeome 

tosher tnc Accum 
Da m 

Hi 3 * 7 ' 

.5 347 
+48 451 
*27 491 , 
*02 277 
*02 277 


PO So* 442. X Sf Mary-zt+M. lonSm * ECS P i 

*808 20*8 
1682 1810 
2060 2513 

20. CSftm SL Loodon BC2A844X 
01-920 BUI 
Eouty Dot 
. dq A nan , 

04 Tim 
D a Accvn 

+26 15t 
*03 1.11 
*18 l.t! 

Da Acorn 
Em Gtii toe 
Do Accra) 
Sm aaer On me 
Do Acaxn 

1255 0*3 
1034 1102 
1237 1320 
1002 1060 
1059 1135- 

+1.0 !.f7 , 
-05 130 

-as 1 2o, 

+15 250 
+15 2*0 


01-833 9333 

Mgft faconriOftl 


Gto/Fr red Accum 
Do income 

wm Amer T?t Afftjm >340 1*25 
Far Era Tb Accra* 1113 HB2 
Ema Ta Aceum 13*2 1427 

General Trust >223 2364c 

..UreraPaurtay HA London EC*n 08 a 

Hrgh toeome 
**N r 


167 I 
-14 051 
+1.1 296 

G« Trust 
St Vtoeam me 
St Uncent US Grt 

522 560 
1185 1944ft 
1742 1BS4 
395 409ft 

as saa# 

729 780ft 

Temple Bar 8ei Co » 1528 T0TJ1 

+12 5.65 ! 
+05 080 | 
+1.6 299 
+05 890 
+15 EM 
-03 078 , 
.. 350 

i AcCum 

us Grown 

Da Actum 


183, Hopn Ji.f'ftT. Gfesgtiw G2 2UH 
041 221 9252 

JftDMl Ortwin 
Japan sraaar co» 

04 ucarn 


1095 tre2c 
■564 889 
1007 1077 
' 278 
907 W02 



882 92.1 
1T77 1255 

Eia ope a i 
Smafiar c 


+6.1 155 

Wnuada Park. Eiaor DO IDS 
0382 52155 

American Fluid 
ClCMtf Fund 
toeome Fre 
Far Eanarn Fund 
Ortrtaw Income 
B»od hnareet 
Natural Rn Fre 
Erapean income 

&, Rayrif*i to. Bemwood 

71 B 768 
1050 1124c 
76.4 «15C 
620 884 
65 1 88.7 
579 80S 
44* 478 
64* 981* 


SL Gkreow 05 2PA 

0*1-332 3132 

Baftflcud Grt Inc 3558 3892 
Do Accum 389 1 3827 

arama Grt Inc 354 377 

Do Acoen 363 386 

Seneca Gc s me 370 394 

Do Accum 374 398 

too* Wa* T onanaca. TWB 1DY 

-02 025 
*08 043 
+18 479 
-00 040 
-01 382 r 

♦oi 907 ; 

-05 4.13 

-04 ass 


Prornw UT Adam. “ 


0277 217918 

Hamtaoa Snftr Ccr* 115* 1229ft 
Hacnw N Amer 859 701 
HftNMa Jap ft F E 882 939 
Henroroa Scanom ee I 735 
Hamoroa Eraapaan 892 9C8e 
i Canarian 445 477 
i B**y a« 711 841 
Wflh me 50 879ft 
1AM SS2 894ft 
graMrUT.a ife w a a* M K a i5. n p»fftg/iRd.Npaaw 

Ganarri Tint 
Income Trout 
a ft r iw am That 

4 28 455 
342 365ft 
285 *7.7 

*08 380 
+05 850 
-. 750 : 


48. Oracachuch SL GC3P 3H4 • 
01-823 4200 EM 269 

C ala d .- anwnaaonal 
'•oer* Mr • 
Spociai S toritom 
UK Eowy 
US Growth 
llnivaraal Grawdi 

i»4 16*0 

. ■ 16854* 

80.1 . 739 
T4T.S 1518 
88.1 9 S3 . 
■ 173,7 185.7# 

• 718 Xttft 
775 829 

.. 197 
.. 281 
.. 428 

.. aob 
. .138 
.. 207 
— ■ (64 
.. 131 

Eotaqr . 

European Soac St* 
Edr» Jocarae 
Fmanofe . 

CM Ineoan 
Goto <nctsna> 

Da Accra ■ 


schnooer uramwsr 

Emorpma Hi 


+ 1 * 211 
+02 094 
-05 048 
-10 1.05 
♦01 097 

+!3 , « 
*09 551 
*98 257 

Thraa^QMjm. Tawar Hi EC» 8BQ 

01-026 ■ 

Amer 8 Gen Inc 
Dc i 

2180 231.1ft 
252* 28?*# 
34*5 282.7 
2982 284* 
8S3 621 
804 84* 


1286 1324ft 
1738 1860* 

643 I0B8® 
58 3 602c 

644 6B9c 


aww Enutr tncoma 
Amar Saacoi Sits 
Far East toe 
Ga A Fnaa Im 
Gnreih 8 income 
Japan Spaa* Stts 
Japan Trust 
Manaral tor 7# 
Man. tocoma Eratay 
fttf ra cm GYi 
South Easl Aam Tel 
Speoai Sns 

978 104.7 
31* 34.1 
503 535 
294 312 
30 5 319 
907 1033 
J22 343 
949 1010 
(229 >3* 5ft 
67 3 728ft 
330 352ft 
23 B 254 
143* 154 0 

*04 058 
-0.1 4*8 
•14 044 , 

.. 447 : 

-02 897 
*22 427 


-o7 ass i 

*02 595 , 
*05 234 
-11 081 
+iB aw , 


Spaem Stake 

Do Accum 
Rccowry Truer 

cm Growm 
Do Accum - 
Income Aspect 

Fmrac*] Troti ... 

toeome ft Gnrevi toe 1380 mo* 
Oa Accrai 2652 282.1 

Yfcgh toeome Tnat iBS.6 1772ft 
Ears tocoma 1510 1624ft 

Smaan* CoS Dr* 

Pref ft Gut 
GJr Tru* 

F-reo Werosi Truer 
GUM Hoanncaro 

S i M29ft 
9 1390 

*32 098 
*49 098 
+1 Q 241 
+15 213 
+17 213 
*24 »32 


Art 3me tor Goa 
Do Accrai 
Aral 8 8ra km 
Do Aoara 
Ctom ft Gan toe 
Do Accrai 
Compound Growm 
Conrereira Ifeoeroi 

Dandona Frae toe 

Do Accum 

European ft Ganarri 173* 183.7 
Dp Accra 2054 278* 

-08 196 
-07 1.S3 

-15 1.18 
-27 1.18 
-04 848 
-05 0*S 
875 722ft -1.1 1,13 

735 785ft -1.1 1.18 
1542 maft +0i aw 

2015 2100ft . *01 0W 
3304 417* 


Oa Accrai 
NPi Orareoas 
Do Accra, 

Far Em acc 
O a DM 
Amancan Acc 
Oa teat 

. . i Ho ure.- Ftotiraotitfi 

0705 827733 - 

PO BOX A Norwich NRT 3NQ 
06(0 822200 
Group TruK 
me TVuar 

Am erican toe 
Do Aann 
AasWanhc ' 
Do Accum 
Eramara ins . 

Do Accra, 

Do Accra 
Oot> Ftoro toe 
Da Accum 

El 144 1204ft *021 522 
1155 1244. -02 154 

J7T4 1815ft 

_ LS *05.9 
El 1.08 1122 

GkSai T ben 


f. Optby Sq. London EC3A SAN 

01-638 5658 

GUM nnourcM 
WortOwrie W 

American Eremp) 
Japan Exempt 
Am Properly T,r 
Praparry Trust 

13550 3027c *3.7* fsi 
0039 3011ft +130 12D 
J107959 . . 7.75 

£20330 .. 61Q 

a. " W EU 7*- taMon waL ‘AXXton i 


Era Smmer Goa 
Japan Troit 
Japan 9paootSto 
P«*C Smaaer Coe 
Sreapm ft Malay 

01-628 5W 

959 1025ft 
45.7 48*ft 
442 46M 
550 585© 
639 671 
105 B 1121 
405 43lft 
15*. i 104 8 
872 71.9ft 
3375 3558 
W3 «j 
2125 22*9 
788 808 
1158 1230 
1180 1255 
S&8 600c 
235 Sift 
1380 1*90 
51.4 55 S 
<214 1312 

Amer 8 Gan toe 
Do Act un 
Amer Tumarmj toe 
Do Accra 
Carnal T«t nc 
Do Aceum 
Com ft Dm toe 
Do Accra 
Erira me 1 st Inc 
Do Accra 
Inccme Trust 
Do Accrai 
tot Growm Fp Inc 
Do Accra 
Japan A Gan Inc 
Do Aceum 
Mo"** ineoma Fd 
Baca* ary 
Do Accra 
Eorapaan me 
Do Accra 

226 2 MO* 
23l 4 2*60 
2160 2290 
2225 236* 
1102 2054c 
230.6 2452C 
85 0 S04 
1114 1184 
146.0 1552ft 
1552 i OS Oft 
1134 1206 
117* 1252 
154 0 783* 
1710 1819 
680 702ft 
60S 709ft 
724 770ft 
1274 135 4ft 
1378 146.4# 
492 522 
492 522 


-14 l.W 
-1.7 l ift 
*U 240 
•24 246 
+11 *23 


•1.7 468 

Amar Smaaer Cn 

Amer Raoarery T*t 

High income Eumot 1171 129*ft 
Smaaer CDs Exempt HAT 1207 
Euro Emmet 101 0 1073ft 

japan Emhixp (5) iobi iiaaft 
NAnre 86 1 898 

OaMjechEaffl BSf 575 
PacAc Exanrot (Sa 1301 1384 
ttBwwa ecsp a u 

01-529 0011 

*24 2 
*11 279 
+24 443 
+15 4.78 
♦12 5.47 
*0l 994 
*02 945 
*01 949 
-OS 001 
-06 02Z 
-02 104 
*03 022 
*01 345 
. 438 
-ii am 
-22 077 
-08 036 
*03 001 
-04 102 
-02 223 
♦03 060 
-03 001 
*0.1 056 
+23 014 
♦11 273 
-12 1 » 
-Ol 043 
-Ol 11* 
-<M 016 
-49 241 

Exm ran toe 
Do Accra 
Far Eastern Inc 
Do Accra 
Fre Ol oar toe 
Da Aac 

Otowrai tocctna 
Do Accra 
0*4 fried w 
Da ACcum 
o<*) too oma 
Do Accra 
Man tocoma toe 
Do Accra 
Ini Growth top 
Do Accra 
too me toe 

'»Oa« 5B4 8234 

Accra 627.1 657 0 
Jaoan Grortar Acc 755 802 
MWand 6 (ton toe 81*3 5450 
Dp Accra nzdf 1037 
Hravary Plato Inc 322.7 342.1 
_ Do Accra *73fl 438* 
Sacral Gan he 8Bi* 0904 
Oo Accum tizn ia47 
Smstoac Goa Inc 
Oo Accra 
TrtaM Fund toe 
Do Accra 
CMrttaid toeOj 
Do Accra Fh 
Oiarlhmd he 
Do ' 

1994 2114ft 
4292 4049 
980 1040ft 

119.1 122* 

220.1 2395 



904 984 

S 44.1 -07 280 

<84 -0 .7 MO 

2904 314.1 +4L4 025 

, 7714 8330 +114 

7062 756.6ft +4.1 

*1128 1205ft *008 23* 
59* 584 -02 6.14 


. Growth 1282 1572 

town# 4 Grown 594 64.1 

SpactotSIfe 785 820 

AUancan Growth 328 3*80 

Japan Growth 483 484 - 

gTss* 0 "’"* sa^ss 

Paefc Grown 387 41.4 

tetfitoeom# 304 328 

-Yacacai tocoma 493 524c 

Do Accra 884 



DO Accra 
Ml toeome 
Da Accum 
Jap te* CoV Ac 

1234 «14 
325A 134.1 
574 01** 

81.7 -863ft 
973 MM0 

99.7 1065 
542 573ft 
814 880* 

-324 35.1 
30 384 
1884 1752 
3594 3849 
994 T062 
1389 1484 
1075 1144 

SogaiMro 8 Watty <20 449 
Do Accum 425 457 

tender Go's toe 113* 1275 


Do Accra 
Spaoal tea toe 
Do Accra 
Tokyo Fund he 
Do Accum 
US giiie lar Co's Ao 

mt .... 

5332 5702ft 

+02 1/ 
*04 W 
-05 H 
-05 140 
-05 1.16 1 
-05 1.1* 
+0.7 94*.| 
+01 948 
-04 4.14 
-05 4.13 
+2.7 448 
+54 438 
♦04 074 
+07 074 1 
-14 0.10 J 
-14 1* | 
-14 158 
♦Off T55 1 
+06 155 1 
*08 129 1 
+0.7 129 
-1.4 028 
-1* 026 
-04 024 
. +24 301 
+44 401 
+887 251 
+04 ISA , 
-. 345 

©one TU\ -IT 
Oo n trtWMf 
RW Share Ffe 
(« Co st . 
Spaed Sda 
Wferip tocraa 
Wp ri i ft wda CrtMl 

Do Accra (3) - 



U,amec: *"* 


JOT 745 -0.8 010 


Mtonuri Hdurn 2 PitodlaOock. Urere EC4V 
01-248 1250 

Amanean Growth 300 3B*m 

Gmm*Gn*tm 517 as 8 

Gtxd Tam aoo 421 

toeom e Grown 57. S 615 

tocoma MxtoPy *53 4S5« 

dpaaORMtoi 303 323 

(Tsew Growth 401 431 

Smoker Cot S?8 Bi3 

Special den 82.1 681* 

-03 ate 

+1 1 400 
. 010 
+1.1 823 
-05 741 
-02 018 
-05 143 
+09 203 
+11 286 


secunrncs* ■ 


Cofemca toc(^ 

+04 9.10 

Growth Fund he 
Do Accum 
tocoma Fund 
IM Equ4y Inc 
DO Accum - 
IAN Trust toe 
Da Accra 

958 911 
1285 134.8 
11<4 122! 
1187 123.1 
1157 1231 
1214 1294 
2081 SI 4 

*1A 2*3 
+20 2*3 
-25 4.12 
-oa ijd 
*08 170 
+2.4 321 
+41 421 


2S. St Andrews So. Eucburan 
03T«« 8101 

Do Aeon t . 
Nome Fund 14) 
Do Accra <4j 

01.8 4804ft 
703 9 7314 
2250 8417 
2*73 8848 

Ftoff Am 0 Gan (4) 2i3.B 2z73w 
,00 Accra. f4) . ao.! 2583* 

tod toCtxne Unrn 
On Accra 





Freretoefttodf*) i«l2 ttis 
S lWtltpril '1520 1805 

SAWSMSacd 1281 


.. 992 
.. 392 
.. Ill 
, 311 

.. an. 

.. 077 

. 409 
+26 HI 
+48 OJt 

19. Sr An drew s Srj. Erinburah 
031 225 2211 


Rd. 8l« 

-75 000 

-81 000 

801 to StS4ft 
4304 4610 
El 2.17 1302 


»* KM 


>P) *287 4400 

+14 ... 
+88 428 
+0.17 423 
+84 301 
+44 103 
+7-7 349 
+0.15 359 
+63 205 
*90 285 
*68 420 
+819 430 
.. sat 
.. 541 
.. 45* 
+04 849 
*36 809 

»- w B.StoW t Hartty On ThanreB 
0*91 575888 

kql Grow* 251! 2904. 

me 1619 197 0 

Yrtrtpwda ftsc 1414 1520ft 

^NJtertrth 884 734ft 

s; s 

EasoMSn Grt 542 57.1 



222 . _ 

London EC2 

177! 1845 

1444 1544 

PMtoC . 1305 1396 

Qiropaan 18U 207.4 



N Anwncvi 


+3.5 185 
*Oto 123 

1K3 1754 
115.8 1230 
1385 1473 
1851 1758 
1069 1137 
13*0 1319 

+41 231 
+04 8.41 
♦16 142 
-04 124 

+04 159 
+04 122 


H^i Income 
Con, 6 Gat 
Far Eastern - 


-a* 000. 
-ao aoo 
-id aw 

-1-2 a OB 
*09 490 
*12 118 
•14 1 18 
-02 047 
-02 097 

ftowin Truer um« 
C * pool Trust unite 
DaAe Treat Unas 

Europaan Truaf 
Far tret T 

Fmaocat Trust 
GA Ftnad an me 
Do Growm 
ugh new Tron 
•ncama Trust 

WW" Ena. Oenre Surrey 

0306 889045 
FP Eanty Dm 

DO Accum 
FP Fww *t Dm 
DO Accum 
5tawanKhip Dm 
Do Accra 
PWAc TijraiL kmgswey. WC3 

107 7 209 7 
336 3 3462 
1124 1200 
7253 rJOfi 
1B23 1722 
1884 1771 

*3.8 24 
*S9 24 
-03 M9 
*04 589 
+1 9 314 
*20 21 4 


Lo,, * ,n «** atr 

01-623 4273 

Sow Ml .. 
Bare fnconwr 

1009 1084 
1707 1810 
938 984ft 
130.4 1402c 
1393 1408 
190 9 202to 
1132 121 7 
801 0*8 c 

+24 __ 

+U 006 
-03 016 
+14 2.12 
+02 133 
+05 055 
+f.t 448 


031-226 4372 

Warto Crown 
N American ■ 

*36 . 407 
328 344 
343-887 . 
424 454ft 





Gouty Emmet 
DO Accum 
UK Mwkai FOatunt 
Da Accra 


01-405 igoo 
Gross Inc 
wgn non 

3256 3369 
1383 141 p 
1930 2000ft 




Japan Tech Til 

Natato ffaaorats 

Secray Treat 
Snuhr Coe 

Soeaal Sn 
g. Ouaan Armas Goto. Leman 3W1H 9AS 
01-222 1000 

WMI Own T27 T 1359 
IH ren mcortw 5* B 377 

IBI 5acur4y Get 5Si Sfli 

toweraem Tat Fnd 6*3 67 7 
2ft FanehunJi Sl London ECS 
01-623 8000 

1 Accum 
US 5cecoi Fimro 
DO Accra 
Goto A Precious Met 
. Do Accra 
US Speoai toe 
Oo Accra 
Biropean Pert me 
Da Accra 

S jB- Wort HR. Hart Essex. IQ1 2DL 
01-478 3377 

EH 16 6BU 

mroocn Canos 
Ho4»tn Huh fee 
om mo 
Jap enaae 
N American 
Ht*»m 3o*C ten 
Hotoom UK Orowsi 
Htftom OH Treat 

3988 4242 
7*5 793 
52* S6J7 
623 67.5ft 
859 913 
689 732ft 
8*1 881 ' 
60 8 64fi 
79.8 84 6ft 
1752 1823 


.*£. iSI ^2 

*44 248 
+S6 248 


3S-J& Lont3n 8C1Y ZAY 
01-638 6011 


Auatreren - 
_ Do aoc . 


^ Do Accra 
_Oo Accra 
Fw Easiam 
Do Accra 
FmS Proa - 
-Do Accum ■ 
CWJ CapM . 

• 0° Accra 
G* Imran 
Do Accra - - . 
High Twin 
Do Accra ' - 

00 Accra 
tod EmnaiH 
.Do Accra 
tod Growth 
■ Do Accra 
Japan Grown Ace 
riw Rtaowsaa - 
Do Accra 
•N Amer (feewrt . 

Do Aeoan ■ 
SmMarCos Dwlne 
Oo Aceum 
DO ' 

ao BID 

584 8*1 
3208 3*00# 

-03 II 
-03 J ! 

6008ft +113 381 
2707 2883ft +46 817 
608.4 847 9ft +102 8 IT 
1304 1 395ft -20 1 01 
T40S 1503ft " - 

41 528ft 
772 122ft 
12*1 ICftTft 
1W5 1450ft 
1002 1122 ft 
1723 1702ft 
51 .1 944 
1089 1180 
»OJ 233.6ft 
0722 712.9ft 


*05 180 

:: Im 

+12 340 

0ffij°e7«af nB R °' > tl l 0iw e - K * ,t “Eu i« 

31-*5 G'Wlim 3 l London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

MIA C*n*m 
MLA Imarnaocmi 
MLA Q* um 
ULA toeome 
MLA Esropean 








+07 2 .13 

.. 1.03 

*01 10 16 



Duataaw Ganarel 
Ouadrem tocome 
OuMWl M F0 
«i«flrent Recovery 


401 J 

35*i 3738 
2872 2524c 


5T-S??« c £?* at V! S SK?**’ ec * M 4YJ 

01-S83 2575 Dealmg 01-626 9Q1 
UK Cap Fntf toe 965 103 3a 

Do *Mum 13T7 147 3ft 

tocaiw Fatfl 76« B220 

Panuon Exempt 153 6 tGQ»ft 

Ij*a i465ft 

562 602 
841 606 

1694 IBI 7 
735 JB7 

217 4 23 ? 4 ft 
655 701 

US 5 General 
Taeh A G>Owm 
wear 8 General 
Far Eav 3 Gan 
Euroomn Fund 
Germany Funp 

*22 260 
-32 200 
-00 660 
♦13 2*0 
-02 100 
-02 1 « 
•06 100 
-19 030 
-17 IX 
-03 070 
-05 IX 

Amar Growm toe 
Da Acsum 
ftmd few Tsi Inc 
Oo Accum 
*+W YWdrtC 
Oo Accra 
M Recovery Inc 
Ds Accra 


^Growth toe 

j Accra 
Smaflft Cos tot 
Do Accra 
UK Ed Growth Inc 
(V> Accra 
ArtTowrie Tech me 
Du *ccra 

638 £7 4ft 
650 669ft 
ISO 194ft 
227 2*5 
1198 1270 
133 T 205 3 
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can be sure of 

Unless the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
uira can agree a strategy 
which will reverse the oil 
price slide, oil company prof- 
iiswillgo in lore verse wii a 
vengeance next year. 

Even the' mighty Royal 
Dutch/Shell group will feel 
the pain as lower oil and gas 
prices start to bite. 

Oil and gas production 
makes up more than three- ' 
quarters of group earnings 
and this is where h will hurt, 
perhaps not as much as for 
some companies because, of 
the cushion afforded by gas 
where prices on some con- 
tracts wil] not fall as fast as 
the oil price. 

But with an oil price ill 
sterling terms possibly not 
much more than half its 1985 
level, the' production figures - 
will make gloomy reading. - 
As far as Shell is concerned, 
that is the end of the bad 
news. Theevidence for this is 
contained . in yesterday's 
statement of its results. 

■ Write-offs of . nearly £200 
million against downstream 
nfits cannot disguise the 
ct that this segment -has 
become, very profitable in- 
deed because of tumbling 
feedstocks costs. Excluding 
stock losses and write-offs in 
both years, it appears that the 
refining end of the business - 
nearly doubled its. profits in 
1985 compared with 1984. 

In 1986* this segment will 
continue to do well because 
consumer price . reductions 
for petrol and home heating 
oil are lagging behind the fell 
in oil prices: 

There is no evidence of a. 
price war developing at the 
petrol pump, despite the low 
spot prices. Unstable prices 
make for caution among 
buyers for cut-price pumps. 
They do not want to be 
caught holding stock while, 
prices fall further. 

Overcapacity in the indus- 
try means that it will be only 
a matter of time before 
margins are squeezed back to 
a more realistic level Let the 
iqeantime, refiners ate grab-' 
bing every opportunity to 
make up for years of losses 
and inadequate margins en- 
dured while the. sterling oil ' 
price was going up. 

Despite a faD in reported 
net income forj 985 of 17 per 
cent, the Shell dividend was 
increased by &1 per cent id 
35 pence for the yj^ar. Shears 
dependence’ on 'the upstream - 
will make lower proms inev- 
itable next . year too. 

The group has been criti- 
cised in the past for being 
mean to its shareholders. 
Now that earnings are begin- 
ning a period of decline, the 
dividend is unlikely to come 

under threat as it amounts to 
only 34 per cent of earnings 
per share. 

. Offering a gross yield of 6.6 . 
Per ant, it is not the highest 
yet Ming stock in the ofl patch, 
but . with £418 billion of cash 
and a long-term debt ratio of 
1 8 per cent, it must be ihe 

British Telecom 

British Telecom's share price 
performance relative to the 
market suggests that invest 
tors may have been reassess- 
ing just how much of a 
tour rating the company 

■V Since the October peak, the; 
price has underperformed the 

- FT-500 by about 12 per cent 

The market gave 
yesterday's nine months re-" 
suits to. December 1985 a 
raspberry and the price fell 12 
pence to 218. pence. A 16 per 
cent increase for the latest 
three months' pretax profits 
looks positively modest com- 
pared with the sort of in- 
creases some companies are 

The figures are rather bet- 
ter than they appear to be at 
firs sight They include a 
charge of £27 million for a 
currency loss on dollar de- 
. nominated debt relating to 
BTV satellites. If this is 
excluded, the pretax profit 
rise is a much more creditable 
23 per cent-. 

The recreating profits 
come, from ^ three ..main 
sources. Telephone calls in- 
creased by I0 : per cent for 
international calls and 6 per 
cent for inland calls in the 
quarter. Cost cutting contin- 
ues to be a feature and staff 
.cuts in Britain were 2,000 in 
the quarter. Staff cuts arising 
from natural wastage are 
running at an annual rate of 

5.000, or 2 per cent of the 
labour force, and this rale of 
decline is expected to contin- 
ue. The quarter also, gained 
from the November 1 price 

The market demiy expect- 
ed the rise in inland calls to 
begreater — possibly doser to 

8.. per cent, the increase 
reported in the first quarter. 
The company insists that the 
lmw-ttein-expeeied.Tise was., 
due to an abnormally high 
level of. calls in the corre- 
sponding quarter of last year 

A steady rate of growth of 
call traffic lodes likely aS the . 
younger generation is very 
telephone conscious, as par- 
ents wifi know to their cost. 
With cost .cutting and price 
increases to work through to 
profits;: the outlook for the 
next two years looks positive. 

ST is no longer a monopo- 

ly. however. On May 1, 
Mercury will be offering a 
switched telephone service in 
competition with BT. 

Expanding into new areas 
of business such as the manu- 
facture of PBX machines (via 
Mitel) and electronic mail in 
the US (via the proposed 
.acquisition of the ITT subsid- 
iary Dial com) is a key plank 
in BTTs strategy to meet the 
challenge of 

some margin erosion looks 



The British sweet tooth 
helped boost Rowntree 
Mackintosh’s sales of KitfCat 
in Britain, to a record 5 
' million eaten each day and 
its 1985 pretax profits to 
£793 million, a rise of 6.4 per 

Performance - across the 
groupwasuneven, with British 
- trading profits up by 16.5 per 
cent 'and North American 
profits up by 18 per cent. Bui 
European profits were down 
by 27.7 per cent and the rest 
of the world lower by 22.5 per 

The European problems of 
lack of critical mass are not 
new and are unlikely to be 
overcome quickly. There 
was, . however, some im- 
provement in the second half. 
The export market was also 
hurt by declining spending 
power in the oil producing 
countries. The Middle East 
takes some 60 per cent of 
Rown tree’s exports. 

Britain performed well, de- 
spite a marginal loss of 
market share in the confec- 
tionery division, and the 
United States specialty retail 
food shops rose above fierce- 
ly compeitive conditions 
leaving the worst excesses of 
the cookie war to the leading 
packaged biscuit makers. 

Steady progess is expected 
to continue this year. Next 
month sees the launch of 
Novo, Rowmree's new choc- 
olate .and meusli-style bar. 

Other, developments 
could include a sizeable 
American acquisition and, 
more speculatively, the pur- 
chase of Golden Wonder 

Pretax profits for the cur- 
rent year are expected in the 
£85 million to £87 million 
range, a respectable 7 to 10 
per cent; increase. The shares, 
which rose Up to 456p . 
yesterday, have benefited of 
late from the speculative 
fellout from the United 
Biscuits/Imperial bid. They 
have risen 60p since the start 
of ‘the year. They should 
continue to perform at least 
as the market 


HOLDINGS: Sales for 1985, 
Irish £529.77 million (Irish 
£47635 million). Pretax profit 
reached a record !r£27.55 mil- 
lion (Ir£20.06 million). Earnings 
per share 9.33p (8. 1 Ip). 

• BEJAM GROUP: Interim 
dividend 2p ( ! .75p) for the half 
year to Dec. 28, 1985. payable 
on May 2. Turnover £186.39 
million (£172.46 million). Pre- 
tax profit £9.12 mitlion (£9.36 
million). An investment gain of 
about £4.25 million, less tax, 
will be dealt with in the full- 
year’s results. 

Results for 1985, compared with 
the previous 65 weeks. Final 
dividend Q-5p. Turnover £1 3.63 
million (£12.9 million). Profit 
before lax £737.000 (£460.000). 

• LAWTEX: Interim dividend 
lp (0.75p adjusted), payable on 
April 4. for the half-year to Dec. 
2S. 1985. The board intends to 
pay a final of the same amount. 
Turnover £10.73 million (£10 
million). Pretax profit £241.000 
(£234.000). Earnings per share 
5.6p (5.5p adjusted). 

company is in talks for the sale 
of the assets and business of 
LaidJaw (Dunfermline) to Ford 
Motor. The price win be about 
the asset value, which is about 7 
per cent of group gross assets. 

mium income for 1985 R686.9 
million (£239 million), against 
R510.3 million. Total income 
RI.064.1 million (R786 mil- 
lion). Total dividend 300 cents 
(250 cents). 

The company has now received 
$40.4 million (£27.5 million) in 
cash from ihe US pension 
scheme surplus, referred to in 
the previous yeti's accounts. 

THE NEAR EAST: Interest 
income for 1985 £10.24 million 
(£11.29 million). Pretax profit 
£704,096 (£504367). Dividend 
30p a share. 

INGS: The company is 
recommending acceptance of 
revised offers by Harvard 
Securities. Offers are extended 
until March 27. ■ 

Dividend SKr 3.75 (3.5). Fig- 
ures for 1985. Operating profit 
SKr894 million (SKr603 mil- 
lion). Profit after financial items 
SKr518 million (SKr373 
million).Profit before appropri- 
ations and lax SKr61 1 million 
(SKr40I million). Earnings per 
share SKr 9-2milIion (SKr 9.95 
million).Tbe board believes 
Volvo’s offer to shareholders is 

• BPCA FINANCE: The com- 
pany is to make a $150 million 
Eurodollar bond issue under the 
guarantee of British Petroleum. 
BPCA is l wholly-owned 
subsidiary of British Petroleum 
of Australia. The bonds will 
have a 1 2-year maturity ( 1 998). 
carry an annual coupon of 8 3-8 
per cent and an issue price of 
KXH4 per cent. . 

• TOD: Results for six 
months ended December 31. 
Interim dividend 1.3p (1.1). 
Figures in £000. Profit before 
tax 615. Earnings per share on 
increased capital 5.4 p (4.2). 
Increased turnover and profits 
is partly because of the contribu- 
tion of Wesibrick Plastics, ac- 
quired in September. 1985. and 
the results of which have been 
incorporated from July. 1985 on 
a merger basis. Prospects for the 
current year are promising. 


Shares hold steady despite 
houts of profit-taking 

Dealers concentrated on a 
welter of trading statements 
yesterday as traders consoli- 
dated recent gains. The under- 
tone held firm throughout 
despite sporadic bouts of prof- 
it-taking amid fears that the 
raging bull market was near its 

Government securities 
made a drab showing in late 
trading after the Chancellor 
appeared to dampen lower 
interest rate optimism in a 

Commons statement. 

Quotations recorded fells of 
nearly of a point. Among 
equities, satisfactory results 
from Jaguar and Shell provid- 
ed fresh food for the optimists, 
but a 16 per cent increase in 
profits from the “people's 
share" British Telecom failed 
to match best estimates and 
the shares retreated 14p to 

In contrast. Jaguar shares 
were very volatile moving 
between extremes of 430p and 
485p before settling at 470p. a 
net gain of 1 5p following the 
33’per cent profits expansion. 

Shed figures proved in line 
with most analysts’ expecta- 
tions, the shares closing at 
758p up 13p- But the news 
foiled to stem profit-taking in 
other oils where BP gave back 
lOp to 560p. Ultramar at I98p 
down Sp remained depressed 
by Wednesday's 44 per cent 

In pharmaceuticals, 
Wellcome Foundation, the re- 
cent newcomer, expected an 

encouraging statement con- 
cerning tests on the anti-aids 
drug. The shares advanced to 
a peak of 2 1 5p before finishing 
at 206p. up I2p. 

Boots attracted late demand 
helped by heavy activity in 
traded options. The shares 
recorded an I Ip rise to 265p 
having been little changed for 
most of the session. Other 
stores were much quieter than 
of late with Wool worth at 
579p. losing 1 Op of its recent 
speculative advance. 

Banks relumed to favour as 
two influential brokers, 
Merrill Lynch and Wood 
Mackenzie, upgraded their 
forecasts for the sector. 
NatWest led the field at 784p 
up 42p while Lloyds finished 
30p higher at 570p. 

On the bid from. Granada 
W plunged 28p as Rank 
Organisation lost its applica- 
tion fora judicial review of the 
IBA declaration that a take- 
over of the company would be 
unacceptable. However, the 
shares later rallied to 272p, 
down 8p as Rank (down 5p to 
532p) pledged to appeal and 
press ahead with the bid. 

Television shares elsewhere 
were stimulated by good prof- 
its from Tyne Tees, up 12p to 
IS5p. LWT Holdings report- 
ing next Thursday rose I5p to 
3 1 Sp. 

In mixed engineers. Guest 
Keen unchanged at 347p re- 
covered an early 9p fell on 
profit- taking. 

Automotive Products with 

results next Tuesday gained 
7p to 222p while Appleyard 
celebrated a 68 percent expan- 
sion with a !3p rise to 136p. 
British Aerospace, at 566 p. 
and Lucas. 636[>. were recent 
high- fiiers to give back 15p 
and 7p respectively. 

Beiier-ihan-expected profits 
boosted Bridport Gundrv 7p 
io I83p. J Mowlem shares 
were supported at 41 Sp up 8p 
in otherwise dull builders. 
Costain added 4p to 544p, still 
on the Australian results, and 
Marlev also resisted the trend 
at !22p. up 3p. on persistent 
bid talk. Williams Holdings 
hardened 3p to 598p as they 
placed their stake in 
McKechnie Group at l95p a 

Trust House Forte jumped 
Sp io J83p on reports that a 
substantial stake had changed 
hands and that a bid may be 
made by American Express. 

Wordplex plummeted 40p 
to 48p when the company 
warned of heavy losses due to 
trading difficulties. CASE, in 
a similar business, lost 20p to 
94p in sympathy but among 
other high-technology issues 
Micro Focus shares were an 
outstanding spot at !95p. up 
35p. Amstrad at 436p, up 2p. 
recovered an early fell on news 
of a new video recorder. 

Allied-Lyons eased 3p to 
305p on further reaction to the 
Elders stake sale. Provisions 
against tin trading losses 
snipped a penny from S & W 
Berisford at l97p. The share 

price was supported by the 
takeover situation. However.' 
Dalgety tumbled I7p u> 248p> 
after similar action. 

Northern Foods dipped 12p 
to 260p after a profit 
downgrading by the stockbro- 
ker Scrimgeour. In contrast 
Rowntree shares were hoisted 
lip to 456p after a better- 
ihan-expected 6,4 per cent 
profits increase. 

Good results also stimulat- 
ed W J Tod at 133p. William 
Collins ’A* 323p, Hawlai 
W hiting 450p and World of 
Leather 20 3 p. all up between 
lOp and ISp. Newcomer 
Menvier-Swain at 139p made 
a bright debut with a 19p 
premium. Pacific Sales at 79p 
up I6p and Eucalyptus Pulp 
470p up 45p were supported 
ahead of results 

Dry cleaners returned to 
favour with Johnson Group 
9p better at 420p. Expansion 
plans boosted Microgen at 
3o5p. up lOp, and Raybeck 
hardened 1 ‘6p to 45‘Ap on the 
management buyout plans. > 

Life insurances remained 
on offer on marketing worries 
but composites were brighter 
with Guardian Royal up 7 jj to 
833p. In brokers, disappoint- 
ing profits knocked 22p from 
Sedgwick at 396p but mer- 
chant banks were firm again 
with Kleinwort at 800p up I Op 
still reflecting recent good 

In mixed properties fading 
bid hopes left MEPC another 
8p down at 350p 



Abbott M V (180p) 220 

Ashley (L) (I35p) 233 dn 3 

BPP (l60p) 193 up 5 

Brookmount (160p) 180 

Chart PL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 72 

Cranswick M (95p) 107 up 1 
OoJene (128p) 205 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 28 up 1 

Granyte Surface (56p) 78 dn 1 
InoCO (55p) 47 dn 2 

JS Pathology (1B0p) 288 

Jarvis Porter (105p) 146 up 6 
Klearfotd (118p) 120 dn 3 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 136 dn 2 

Merivale M {1 15p) 129 up 1 

Norank Sys (90p) 122 up 11 
Really Useful (330p) 358 dn 3 
SAC Inti (lOOp) 133 dnl 

SPP (125p) 158 

Templeton (21 5p) 228 

Sigmex {101 p) ’ 86 

Snowdon & B (97p) 113 up 1 
Spice (80p) 91 up 1 

Tech Comp (130p) 212 dn 2 
Underwoods (180p) 187 up 2 
Wellcome (120p) 206 up 12 

W York Hosp (90p) 78 

Wickes (140p) 156 dn 2 


Cullens N/P 75 

Hartwells N/P 

NMW Comp 76 up 15 

Porter chad F/P 104 'j 

Safeway UK E45 3 * dn 1 

Wates N/P 28 dn 1 

Westland F/P 73 

(Issue price in brackets). 

The ‘priority’ for jobs 

Jobs for the long-term un- 
employed could be created at 
a cost of only £4.000 a year, 
according to Professor Rich- 
ard La yard, head of the Centre 
for Labour Economics at the 
London School of Economics. 

In the second 1986 Stockton 
lecture, delivered yesterday 
evening at the London Busi- 
ness School. Professor La yard 
said that reducing long-term 

unemployment should be the 
Government’s “number one 

Professor La yard said that 
the Government should intro- 
duce a new financial incentive 
to companies to do more 
training. He said that ihe“tax 
on jobs" - employers' Nation- 
al Insurance contributions - 
should be cut for low-paid 


NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that a balance of the Register will 
be struck on Thursday, 17th April, 1988 for the preparation of 
warrants for a Final Dividend for the year 1985 of 22.5p per 
25p Ordinary Share. If approved at the Annual General Meet- 
ing to be held on 15th May, 1986 the dividend will be paid on 
22nd May, 1986. 

For transferees to receive this dividend, their transfers must 
be lodged with the Company's Registrar, Lloyds Bank Pic/ 
Registrar's Department, Goring-by-Sea, Worthing, West- 
Sussex, BN12 6DA, not later than 3.00 p.m. on 17th April, 1986: 

The Coupon to be presented for the above dividend will be 
No. 174 which must be left at Lloyds Bank Pic, Registrar's 
Department, Issue Section, 111 Old Broad Street, London, - 
EC2N 1AU, at least five clear days for examination, or may be - 
surrendered through MM. LazaoFFreres, Paris. 

r » By Order of the Board 
Company Secretary 

Shell Centre, 

London, SE1 7NA. 

13th March, 1986 

i tiA Baa v. T KIT KAT ROL Q TOH 
















Results in Brief 





leading profit— — — 



Tntprpct ■--- 



Profit before taxation — — 



Taxation — ; — — 



Profit after taxation— 

- 607 


Preference dividends-- 

. 03 


Profit attributable to 

ordinary shareholders 
before extraordinary items — 



PnrniiuK ner ordinary share_ 



* 1985 pre-tax profits up 6% 

* Total dividend up 11% 

* UK trading profit up 16% 

* North American companies 
increased profits 

* Capita! expenditure at a record 
£71.5 million 

* Trading margins up for fourth 
successive year 

* Commitment to growth by improved 
returns from existing businesses as 
well as appropriate acquisitions 

qp Rowntree Mackintosh 

the right skills 

Year ended 31 December 





£456. Om 

Profit before taxation 

£124. 3m 

£96. 3 m 



£69, lm 

Eamings per ordinary share 

21. 7p 

19. Ip 

Dividend per ordinary share 

11. Op 


The information above includes the results of the Fred. S. James Group for 
both years on a merged basis. The Information is extracted from the full 
financial statements for the years ended 31 December 1984. as restated, 
and 1985. The full financial ’statements for the year ended 31 December 

■ ended 

reported upon by the auditors and 
have not yet been filed with the Registrar of Companies. 

Sedgwick Group 










? 7 













i 7 


i 2 







1 2 





■.* - J 

Ik. ^ \ J 




Law Report March 14 1986 

Beat ‘why work?’ syndrome 
with reduced tax rate band 

The most contentions part 
of the Budget next Tues- 
day is likely to involve 
income tax, mainly be- 
cause the Treasury will 
publish its long-term 
plans for tax reform. 
There are. however, some 
hard short-term decisions 
to be taken on income tax 
as David Smith. Econom- 
ics Correspondent, ex- 

The Chancellor's immedi- 
ate decisions on income tax 
next Tuesday risk becoming 
submerged in the wider issue 
of longer-term reform, with 
the options to be outlined in a 
Budget day green paper. 

Bui. irrespective of plans for 
the future, which have a habit 
of falling b> the wayside. Mr 
Lawson is under pressure to 
do something on income ulx 

. Although neither has come 
out and said it publicly, it is 
reasonable to take the view 
that until the winter collapse 
in oil prices both the Chancel- 
lor and the Prime Minister 
had ambitious plans for cut- 
ting the basic rate of income 

tax. currently 30 per cent ny off the basic rate has a full- 
When the Cabinet was vear cost of £1.2 billion. 

meeting to discuss economic 
strategy before last 
Novembers autumn state- 
ment on the economy, the 
vision of income tax at 25 

The argument for pulling 
out all the stops to reduce the 
basic rate then rests on the 
longer-term plans. If the 
Chancellor hopes to introduce 

pence in the pound, for most a a system of transferrable ai- 
long-fotgotien 1979 target, ap- lowanccs towards the end of 

pea red before them. 

the decade it is better to do so 

With a fair wind and the when die basic tale is lower, 
pri vat Nation programme Even so, Mr Lawson wjl 

moving into top gear, it was 
argued. 2 pence off the basic 

probably prefer to take his 
chances on culling the basic 

rate m 1986 and a 3 pence raie in ihe 1987 and 198S 
reduction in 1987 was not out Budgets. 

of the question. 

Since then, of course, the 
skies have fallen in the oil 
market and. despite signs that 
prices have bottomed out. the 

.This leaves two main op- 
tions in what is essentially a 
revenue reshuffling Budget 
The first is to continue with 
the programme, pursued on 

Chancellor finds himself and off since the 1980 Budget, 
about £6 billion short on oil of reducing income tax by 

revenues in 1986/87. 

He could still squeeze out a 
cut in the basic rate by 
bumping up excise duties 
substantially and forswearing 
other Budget measures. But. 
with the case for basic rate 
cuts still far from proven 
among the “real economy" 
wing of the Cabinet notably 
the Secretary of State for 

increasing allowances and 
thresholds by more than the 
rate of inflation. 

The second is to revert to an 
old idea, a reduced rate band 
of income tax for the lower 
paid. A reduced rate, of 25 
pence in the pound, used to 

more expensive that shift will 
be. The second is that the 
Government's social security 
reforms, which admittedly 

applv on the first £750 of will not affect 1986/87. re- 
taxable income. It was abol- move some of the traditional 

ished by the present Govem- 

Employmenu Lord Young of mem in the 1980 Budget 

Graffham. it is probably not 
worth the trouble. Every pen- 

The easiest and least con- 
trol ersial thing to do would be 
to raise allowances and thresh- 

virtues associated with raising 
allowances rather than cutting 
the basic rate. 

When the reforms are in 
place, changes in income tax 

llliieS»iiiyi ; '"" : " 

If within 3 months of accepting Prime- Loan you V 
obtain an offer of a comparable loan from another Eg 
Finance House on better terms, send us the offer bb 
- and we unconditionally promise you:- G£ 

* the right to clear your Prime-Loan account 
without notice AND 

an immediate FULL REFUND of the difference in 
charges incurred. j 


You can use it to clear existing debts - cut your outgoings 
AND have spare cash to spend as you wish! 

;5 LOANS ' — 


| £ 2,000 , , — 

_ m Mnmi/ 1 MSunnrp « 

olds by more than the 5.7 per generally and thus allowances 
cent nse in the retail prices and thresholds will have much 
index in the 12 months to Iasi less effect on the poverty and 
December. The extra cost of employment traps, the former 
raising all allowances and which can result in marginal 
thresholds by 10 per cent tax rates of more than 100 per 
rather than the required 5,7 cent at the meeting if benefit 
per cent would be £800 mil- and income tax, the latter 
lion in 1986/87, or£l billion which produces the familiar 
in a full year. “Why Work” syndrome. 

There are two main objec- There is therefore, a good 

in a full year. “Why Work” syndrome. real incomes growing at 3 to 4 

There are two main objec- There is therefore, a good per cent this year, it is rather 
lions to doing this. The first is case this year for the return of difficult to make the case, 
that every time allowances are the old reduced rate band. The from the point of view of 
over-indexed between now reduced rate band, as it used need, for income tax redoc- 

over-indexed between 
and the eventual shi 


to to be presented, was a tax 

\ 1985/6 

fan inviuimn to subst nbf tor share! 


| £30,000 

£ for homeowners 
$! .. over periods of 
:* 5 yearn to 20 years- 

|5 Funds for any 
:* purpose. 

No fees or setting 
§ up charges. 



Where loans qualify 
for tax relief this is 
equivalent to a rate of 

13 - 6 % 

For a 30-year-old *nth <:■ 
a loan ot £5 000 over IC 
12 yeas ttw monthly 
payment including v 
life assurance is 
£8743 and lor a 40- •> 
year-old tne monthly & 
payment rs £8743 
Respectively. Ihe >:• 
(oral amount repayable >> 
would be £12.530 and A 
£12.662 &0TH : : : : 
owners only please as >•: 
security is required. :■> 


Ifoyg* -(24 HOUR PERSONAL 


rieacp jpnfi me in# dPjjiJr. 'or a loan ot 87C8 

r oller forSubscription under the termsof the Business Expansion 
Scheme ol up to 500JU00 Ordinary shares ol S 1 each at £2 per share. 

No minimum subscription. 53fl0iW0 has already been raised from a 
private placing. 

The Company is engaged in the Estate Agency business in West Sussex 
and intends to expand its operations to other regions, including Surrey 
and Oxfordshire. The Company provides a full range of residential and 
commercial property services and related services, such as mortgage 
and insurance broking. 

Asset-backing to the shares from the Company's ownership of its 
freehold premises. 

Prospectus contains the following projectibns - 

H months to31 March 1987 
>r?jrto-3J March 1988 
Year to 31 March 1989 

1 20 1 


NAME (Mr Mrs Miss). 




Premier House Chatham Sheet «,• nlu h 
fading RG1 !8R Tel 10734) 591313 p y OK “ 


Premier Portfolio B 

simply better personal finance ■ 

A copy of the prospectus may be obtained bv telephoning the 
Sponsors or by calling aftheiroffice which will remain open from 
10.00 a.m. -4.00 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday. 

(Member ol ihe NrtiooUAssoeiafkeolSeciirityD 

73 Wimpok? Street. London W]M TDD. Tel: 01-935 5566 (24 hour service ) 




Tnfrcf quarter • 
3 months 
ended 31 Oec 
1385 13&4 

Eh* Em 

9 months 

ended 3l Dec • 

. 1985 1984 

£m £m 

Turnover i : . 2,111 1,941 5,160 .5.620 





Adam & Company 12h% 

BCCl 12*7% 

Cibbank Savingst- 12**% 

Consolidated Crds 

Continential Trust.. 124% 

Co-operative Bank _l2v»% 

C. Hoare & Co 124% 

LLoyds Bank 

Nat Westminster 12w% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 12*7% 

TSB — 

Citibank NA 12*7% 

f Mortgage Bose Rare. 

MANAGERS: Final dividend 
4p, making 6p (4p) for the year 
to Jan. 31, 1986. Operating 
income £4.94 million (£4.53 
million). Pretax profit £4.12 
million (£3.53 million). Earn- 
ings per share I6.8p (I2.9p). 

• WESSANEN: Final dividend 
5.60 florins, making 7.80 florins 
(6.80 florins) for 1985. Profit, 
after tax, 62.3 million florins 
(£17 million), against 48.1 mil- 
lion florins. Profit per ordinary 
share rose from 16.70 to 18.82 
florins. The board expects a 
further improvement in profit 
per share in 1986. 

• STANELOO: The offer by 
Brand Promotions - a company 
fully-owned by Mr D A Landau 
and Mr PNK Beswicfc - has 
closed. No acceptances were 
received. Brand Promotions 
and Berfbrs Finance have not 
acquired, or agreed to acquire, 
any. shares during the offer 
period. Brand Promotions still 
beneficially owns 2.03 million 
ordinary share of Stanelco (60.2 
per cent) and Berfors 10.000 
ordinary shares (0.3 per cent). 

UCTS: BBA's offer has been 
accepted for 34.39 million or- 
dinary shares (61.14 per cent). 
The total of ordinary shares for 
which acceptances have been 
received, or which have been , 
acquired by Morgan Grenfell, is | 
50.44 million (89.68 per cent). 
The offer and the cash alter- 
native are both extended until 
March 17. 

the 3.86 million 8.5 per cent, 
convertible, redeemable pref- 
erence shares offered by way of 

| rights, more than 83 per cent 
have been taken up. 

DERS GREEN): Final dividend 
7 percent, making 10 per cent (5 
per cent) for 1985. Turnover 
£18.45 million (£16.39 million). 
Profit, before tax and extraor- 
dinary items, £952,000 floss 
£ 121 , 000 ). 

Final dividend 3-25p (2.75p), 
making 6p (5-25p) for 1985. 
Turnover £22.48 million 
(£19.49 million). Profit on or- 
dinary activities, before tax, 
£4.85 million (£4JI million). 
Earnings per share I6.2p 

Operating profit , 

1,536 1,392 

Profit before taxation ■ 448 386 1,333 1,070 

4.1 p 3.9p 1Z3p tt.Op 

■ Profft attributable to ordinary shareholders 
Earnings per ordinary share 

Nine months ended 31 December, 1985: 

■ Turnover up 10% 

■ Profit before taxation up 20%* 
a Earnings per ordinary share up 1 1%* 

*Aher adjusting for changes in capital structure in 1934 

Investing for growth 

"to irivnih-i 'rj-jiJs aw* ere « .iracis lujrn ttie nferm rctcrLa coo*- al«hic*i ma, te ceemoQ isfesioninj 
L-.n; i.«r$ oioror .iflwl call only jwhm 1>‘ v Lorflnn 01-356 6353 or « n Hugh rtemn 

>?»i Irwsicir fit«r--in*;Onife. B'il*s h «SieTO»nCc-niis. 31 tl*.vjne Sirset Lcnrtor. US'-* ’Aj 

eat, mfanratton on 8* British THecom stwro price, ctat Sharefine on ooa ot O* nun**™ on*, beta* 

Belfast (0232) BO30 Bimiinghmi 021-2*68056 Bristol (0272) 215404 Cardiff (0222) 8037 
Edinburgh 031-447 0333 Olosaow D41 -248 4400 Leeds (0532) 8038 Liverpool 0S1-488 0797 
Iflndon 01-246 8022 Manchester 001-246 8050 



Company will be held in the 
Head Office. 3 GEORGE 
1986 at 2.30 p.m. 

By Order ol ttw Board of Directors 
GD OllflLT 

Managing Director and Actuary 
Edinburgh, (fth March. 1986 
Resolution intng remvneraim al 
the Diredors m lemis of 
Regulation jc of Hie Regulations 
of me Conrpanv 

Standard Life 

Geest Holdings: Mr 
Charles Bystram has become 

Liechtenstein (UK): Mr 
Ronald Grierson has been 
named a director and vice- : 

Alfred McAlpine: Mr P J 
(Philip) Davies has joined the j 

Go Id well: Mr Alan Burge i 
has been appointed finance j 

Greig Fester Group: Mr D I 
Macdonald has been made a i 
director and Mr J A Anthony 
a divisional director. Mr W J 
BusheU and Mr D H SpDler 
have become associate direc- 

Lingard Group: Mr Nicho- 
las Sherman has been named 
marketing director for Stan- 
dard & Pocfain, Watkins & 
Watson and Lingard Engi- 

Emhart Corporation: Mr 
John F Bndd Job has been 
appointed senior vice-presi- 
dent. corporate commumca- 

Press Construction: Mr R G 
(Bob) Duke has become oper- 
ations director, London area, 
utilities division. 

Commission for the New 
Towns: Mr Michael 

Malllnson and Mr Eric 
Bairafl have joined the board. 

Burnett & Hallamshire 
Holdings: Mr G H Edwards is 
to join the board as group 
finance director. 

Data General: Mr Iain Da- 
vidson, Mr Christopher Rees 
and Mr Nigel Wildish have 
become directors. 

Rank challenge to 
IBA ban fads 

Lord Young: sceptical a boot bask rate tax 

transferrable allowances, the break directed specifically at : 

the unemployed. 

The trick now. particularly 
to avoid allegations of a Il- 
ium because of its earlier 
abolition, is to present it as the 
first stage in the introduction 
ofa 25 percent rate to all basic 
rate taxpayers. 

Introducing the reduced 
rate on the first £500 of 
taxable income costs about 
£600 million in a frill year. A 
£ 1 .000 reduced rate band costs 
about the same as a 1 penec in 
the pound cut in the basic rate. 

The final possibility is that 
the Chancellor will do nothing 
more than just raise allow- 
ances and thresholds in line 
with inflation. After alt with 
real incomes growing at 3 to 4 
per cent this year, it is rather 

need, for income tax redac- 
tions. . 

Regina v Independent Broad- 
casting Authority, Ex p arte 
Rank Organization ptc 
Before Justice Mann 
{Judgment given March 13J 

The Independent Broadcast- 
ing Authority, in deciding not to 
give permission to the Rank 
Organization pic to exercise 
voting rights in respect of shares 
constituting in excess of 5 per 
ccm of the issued voting shares 
of Granada Group pfe vas not. 
exercising any function under 
section 20(3) of the Broadcast- 
ing Ad (98{ but was exercising a 
power conferred by article 75 of 
the articles of association of 
Granada Group pie. Die de- 
cision was therefore not suscep- 
tible of judicial review. 

Mr Justice Mann so held, in a 
reserved judgment, dismissing 
an application by the Rank 
Organization pic for judicial 
review of the above decision of 
February 25 of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority. 

Section 20(5) of the 
Broadcasting Act 1981 provides: 
“Every contract concluded be- 
tween the Authority and a 
programme contractor shall, 
where the programme con- 
tractor is a body corporate, 
contain all such provisions as 
the Authority think necessary or 
expedient to ensure that if any 
change affecting the nature or 
characteristics of ihe body cor- 
porate. or any change in the 
persons having control over or 
interests in the body corporate, 
takes place after the conclusion 
of the contract, which, if it had 
occurred before the conclusion 
of the contract, would have 
induced the Authority to refrain 
from entering into the contract, 
the Authority may by notice in 
writing to the programme con- 
tractor. taking effect forthwith 
or on a date specified in the 
notice, determine the contract.” 

Article 75A(l)of the articles of 
association provides: “No mem- 
ber shall be entitled to vote m 
respect of shares in excess of the 
number equal to 5 per cent of 
the total number of voting 
shares then m issue unless he is 

an approved person and then 
onjv in accordance with u» 
terms of the Authority's permis- 

Mr Ian Hunter. QC and Miss 
Mary Arden for the .applicant 
Mr' Robert Alexander. QC. Mr 
Roger Buckley. OC and Mr 
Mark Howard for Granada; Mr 
David Kemp. QC and " Mr 
Derrick Turriff for the JBA- 

that central to the applicant's 
submission nf illegality was-lbe 
allegation that tor IBA had 
foiled to give consideration to 
section 20(5).. . . .. 

If the IBA was exerctsmg its 
function under the statute then 
the exercise would’ be 
renewable under public taw. Za 
his Lordship's judgment, on 
February 25 the IBA was not 
exercising any powers under 
section 20(5). It was orenwng 
power conferred by article 75 of 
the articles of association. 

There was no suggestion that 
article 75 was ultra vires of 
Granada or exceeded the powers 
of the IBA. 

Was the article of association 
susceptible of judicial review mi 
the application of shareholders? 
The answer must be “no”. . 

No authorities bad been re- 
ferred to nor was there any 
argument why Order 53. of the 
Rules of the Supreme Court 
should avail. In those*- 
sunces the remedies of public 
law were not available. . 

Had the matter been jus- 
ticiable. Rank would have bad a 
sufficient interest to give iiioeas 
standi, but -the decision could 
not have been flawed on the 
ground of mechanical applica- 
tion of policy. The IBA was 
entitled to have a policy. 

Rank did not have a legiti- 
mate expectation to be beard, 
nor was there any unfairness m 
not granting Rank the opportu- 
nity to put its case. There was 
onlv a duty to act honestly and 
to listen to the representations 
which were made in good frith. 

Solicitors: Slaughter 8c May. 
Freshfields: Allen & Overy. 

Concern in 
court over 

Dtutbftir V A & B pfeirtro Lctf 
Before Lord italic* May, lord 
Justice Bafeombe and Sir 

Hud^nem given March 4) 
Where insurers had repudi- 
ated an insurance policy by 
reason of misrepresentation by 
ihe brokers, frees in any 
event have been entitled under 
the terms of the petite? 10 avoid 
liability to the insured, the 
court, on. the insured's claim 

for toss of his indemnity under 
the policy, should not decide on 
the balance of probabilities 
whether the insurers would have 
so avoided liability, but should 
assess the. chance that they 
would have done so and reduce 
the insured's damages accord- 

n *$£e Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
second third party. Whitehouse 

Breach of the peace 
summons is 
a criminal matter 

Regina v Bolton Justices, Ex 
parte Graeme 

Before Sir John Donaldson. 
Master of the Rolls. Lord Justice 
Neill and Lord Justice Ralph 

[Judgment given March 31 

The Court of Appeal did not 
have jurisdiction to consider a 
renewed application for leave to 
apply for judicial review of the 
issue by justices of a summons 
for breach of the peace under 
section IIS of the Magistrates* 
Courts Act 198a because sec- 
tion 18(1X4 of the Supreme 
Court Act 1981 deprived the 
court of jurisdiction to hear 
appeals in “any criminal cause 
or matter'*. 

That was the opinion ex- 
pressed by Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, after the 
court had dismissed, by reason 
of the non-appearance of the 
applicant, Seamus Jamie 
Graeme, a r e n e w e d application 
for leave to apply for judicial 
review against Bolton Justices, 
leave having been refused by the 
Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court on July 23, 1985. 

Mr John Laws as amicus 

ROLLS said that the applicant 
freed two obstacles. 

First, section l8(lXa), al- 
though concerned with the 
court's appellate jurisdiction, 
might stifi be applied by analogy 
to its original jurisdiction, 
which included the bearing of 
renewed applications for leave 
to apply for such 
as the present one. 

It would be very peculiar if 
the Court of Appeal were to 
exercise its orional jurisdiction 
to grant leave for judicial review 
ut circumstances in which any 
consequent decision would be 
unappealable to the court. 

Second, an application- for 
judicial review relating to a 

complaint under section 115 of 
the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 
was a “criminal ■ came or 
matter** within the meaning of 
section !8 of the:1981 Act. 

Obviously it remained open 
to someone to argue the point in 
the future. Bmit might help if in 
the light of the present case Iris 
Lordship observed that he had 
very iittle doubt but that this 
was a criminal cause or matter. 

A number of reasons had been 
evolved by Mr Laws, bat it was 
eaough n? mention just three.' * 

1 The wonting of section.) ISof 
foe 1980 Act includ e d, in su b- 
section (3), an express power of 
imprisonment if someone was 
not prepared to enter in to a 
recognisance to keep the peace. 
There was no suggestion that . 
that was a contempt j uri sdiction 
of anythmg.of that sort. 

2 Section -115 was very similar 
to the provisions of the ancient 
statute of Edward I1L the Jusr 
tices of the Peace Act 1361. from 
which it was quite dear that the 
jurisdiction to bind over was 
'integral to justices’ general duty 
lo ensure the maintenance of 
peace, which was normally 
thought of as a criminal jurisdic- 
tion- " 

3 Section 1(7) of the Justices of 
the Peace Act 1968 declared that 
any court of record having a 
criminal jurisdiction bad an 
ancillary power to bind over to 
keep the peace. 

Lord Justice Neffl and Lord- 
Justice Ralph Gibson agreed- 

Solicitor. -Treasury Solicitor. 


In Community Task Force v 
RimmerlThe Times March 13). 
the solicitors for. Comnfunity 
Task Force were Raddiffes & 
Co, not Peter Rickson & Co, 

& Co. htsuntnee brokers, from 
' an order of Mr M. J. ftat QC. 
sitting as a deputy High Court 
judge on February L I 985. that 

IT indemnify the defendant in- 
sured. A A B Pamters Ltd. in 
respect of its tiabOisy to pay the 
plmntiff. Mr Alfred Jaimes Dun- 
bar. £1 25:000 darars in re- 
spect oflnjuries 

~ course -of bis emptoymiat wftb 
• the defendant. I. 

Having discovered the 
bn>km\ misrepresentation, the 
insurers, had -. repu dia ted all 
liabUitv under the defendant's 
cmjjJoyera’ fiabtS iy riv roranefi 

m any event have buen entitled 
tinder the-amrerofihe pafiry to 
refuse to pay since the plaintiff 
bad - fatten from a. height in 
excess of' 40 feet i 

Mr. Jobs Griffiths. QC and 
Mr Peter Fbx for the brokers; 
Mr Robin Stewart. QC sitf Mr 
Ricbard Craven fer tile defen- 
dant: Mr Adrian COoper for the 
insurers. • . • 

that ir was dear from' Mai leu v 
. McMonagle ([I970J AC' 166. 
176) and Fraser y B S Furman 
(Productions) Lid (11967] 1 
WLR 898. 904) that tne comm 
approach was for the judge to 
assesstbe dunce that the insur- 
ers would have taken the height 

Having done so and con- 
eluded tiiar it was unthinkable 
that they would have taken it, he 
had assessed the chance a# nil. 
and there was no basis cm which 
the Coon of Appeal could 
interfere with that finding. 


BALCOMBE. concurring, said 
■ xhm he shared the deep concern 
which the trial judge had ex- 
pressed at the repudiation of 
employers* liability insur- 
ance policy, which appeared to 
drive Ax coach arid horses 
through- rife provisions for com- 
pulsory insurance in the 
Employers’ Liability (Com- 
pulsory insurance) Act 1969 and 
the Employers’ Liability (Com- 
pulsory Insurance) General 
Regulations (SI t97! No 1117) 
which required the certificate of 
insurance to be displayed by the 
insured so that employees could 
inspect it. 

In this case such a certificate 
had been issued and displayed; 
it had appeared to protect the 
employees, and it was difficult 
to see how the plaintiff or any of 
his workmates could ever have 
found out that h was worthless. 

They had been entitled to 
assume that they were covered, 
and in the circumstances the 
certificate had been a snare and 
a delusion. 

‘ Moreover, there had been no 
reference in the certificate, 
which bad purported to satisfy 
the requirements of the law, to 
the height restriction, that per- 
sons working above 40 feet were 
not covered. 

The case bad drawn attention 
to an unsatisfactory stale of 
affaire, which was a matter for 
the legislature to deal with. 

Sir George . Waller agreed. 

Solicitors: Sharpe Pntchard & 
Co for Hay & IGlneri Newcastle 
upon -Tyne; Stephenson 
Harwood for McKeag & Co, 
Newcastle upon Tyne; Law- 
rence Graham. 

Potential purchaser of house not 
licensee but a tenant 

Bretherton v Patou 
Before Lord Justice May and Sir 
George Waller 

[Judgment given February 25] 
Where a person had been 
granted exclusive possession of 
premises for a term at a rent, he 
was a tenant and no! merely a 
licensee, even though he had 
entered possession with the 
intention of purchasing foe 
premises and neither be nor .foe 
freehold owner had intended 
that a tenancy should be created. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by the defen- 
dant Miss Karen Lorraine Pa- 
ton. from a decision of Preston 
County Court (Mr Assistant 
Recorder Hpgarty) which on 
July 9. 1985 had granted foe 

S laintiff. Mr William 
retherton, possession of a 
dwelling house in which the 
defendant had been living, to- 
gether with mesne profits, on 
foe basis that she was a mere 
licensee and not entitled to the 
protection of the Rent Act J977. 

Mr Jeremy Nicholson for the 
defendant; Mr Mark Blacken- 
Ord for foe plaintiff 

said that the defendant had 
approached the plaintiff with a- 
view to becoming tenant of the 

The plaintiff had declined to 
lei them, but said that he would 
be willing to sell them to her. on 
the basis that the defendant 
would live there forthwith and 
put them into good condition so 
that she could raise a mortgage 
to buy them. 

She had entered into exclu- 
sive possession of the property 
On that basis, paying foe defen- 
dant £1.20 a week in respect of 
insurance on foe property and 
the plaintiff's expenses in paying 
foe premiums. 

There had been no written 
agreement, and the parties had 

subsequently foiled to agree a 
sale price. 

The defendant had been, 
happy to remain in occupation, 
but foe defendant bad served a 
notice to quit; when sbe had 
failed to leave, foe plaintiff had 
brought this action for pos- 
session. . 

If the defendant bad been a 
tenant she was now a statutory . 
tenant entitled to . remain in 
possession undo 1 the 1977 Act 

The judge had considered 
Street V Mauntford (11985) AC. 
809) at length aid found that 

there was a legal relationship 
between foe parties and that the ' 
three indicia of tenancy (exclu- 
sive possession for a lemTaf a 
Tent) were present, but had held 
that since the defendant had 
entered possession under an 
arrangement for sale and pur- 
chase of the prop ert y and not 
originally as a tenant, foe esse . 
fell whhin one of the categories 
of exception to the principle 
enunciated in Street thar where 
foe three indicia were p re s eu t ' 
there was a tenancy and not a 

licence. i 

His Lordship had tittle doubt 
that- there was some legally 
enforceable relationship be- 
tween the parties. 

The defendant had argued - 
that on the basis of tire judge's 
findings of fret, and since they 
had never , agreed any of the 
necessary terms of sale; let alone 
an enforceable contract of sate; ' 
their relationship was . font of 
landlord and tenant within 
Street, and there was no basis for 
saying that any exception from ' 
Street applied. 

The plaintiff bad said , that 
there had been no intention on 
foe part of either party, to create 
a tenancy; their mutual in ten-, 
lion had been that the defendant 
would purchase the property - 
and jn those circumstances. 
Street was irrelevant- - 

It mattered not. he had ar- 
gued, that there was no enforce- 
able contract of sate and 
purchase since' the whole fla- 
vour and colour of foe arrange- 
ment had been that of sale and 
purchase, not of tenancy: it 
would be illogical and unjust to 
find that a tenancy had been 
created in the circumstances. 

Alternatively, be had submri- 
ted. the defendant had entered 
occupation and paid rent pursu- 
ant roan enforceable agreement, 
the. terms of which barred foe 
application of the Street prin- 
-ciple. . — . 

His Lordship had no doubt at 
aU that, although foe sale and 
purchase' of foe pranises had 
bees intended, the defendant 
• had, pursuant to a'cohtracr with 
the plaintiff' ’eniercd'exchisive 
possession o£tite£resr»es for 
which she paid a weekly rent 
Thai iactual siiaaaofl deadly fell 

within the rule' m Street, and 
there - was therefore a_ tenancy 
which was just Whin the 1977 

ACL ' 

The cases referred to by Loiti 
Tern pieman where exclusive 
possession was referable to a 
legal relationship other -than 
tenancy should not Ik regarded 
as exceptions to tbc Street 
principle. - V 

That case had not made any 
new law or iequued any new 
.principle to be applied: had 
merely decided that where the 
three, indicia existed 'and were 
not referable, to a legal relation- 
ship other than tenancy, tiere 
was a tenancy. , 

Sneer did nor apply where 
some other legalfdanonshtp. or 
indeed no • -teal:', relationship, 
could be 'inferred from the 
r Sir George Wafler delivered a 
r Solicitors David Coupe. & 
Co. Khkham; David Blank & 
.Co.- Ma nc h e ster- - < 

in- iv looking 
overseas for gnxi'th in 
our hoh Joy business. Our 
'' 1.000 bod z-illa Jezelopment in 

Eilat. Israel, is already operating 
very sueeessfulh. A similar development 
m Lansarote has just opened. 

Wlials smarter ? Ozcning hotels zchere people zcaur to stay 
or zrhere they hazy ro stay ? We're become : ; 
one of the lop too hotel chains in Britain by building and 
' buying businesslike hotels that businessmen like. 


. On Monday of this week Ladbroke 
announced their preliminary results for 
the year ending December 31st, 1985. 

•. Pre-tax profits were up 50% to a 
record level of £75m. 

. Turnover was up from £l*12bn to 
j£l*34bn and earnings per share increased 
by. 18%. 

• . It was an encouraging year (to put it 
mildly) with all three core businesses 

Hotels, property and racing 
achieved a combined increase in pre-tax 
profit of 42% while the entertainments 
division boosted its profit contribution 
by 35%. 

Last year was certainly a high point 
in Ladbroke’s history and the future has 
never looked more exciting. 

Ladbroke Hotels are now one of the 
top. two hotel chains in Britain and 
growing fast. 

• ; We've recently opened new hotels 

at Swansea, Livingstone and Basingstoke 
and we’re currently building at 
Manchester Airport and Portsmouth. 

R In London we’re relaunching the 
m Gurzon in Mayfair and the Sherlock 
9. Holmes in Baker Street (where else?). 

•tP Because our hotel business caters 

f£" 2 primarily for foe businessman who With leisure-time spending 

:■ has to travel we’re less dependent on projected to increaseby 8*5%inl986, foe 

tourism than many hotel groups. entertainments division is also expecting 

i Manchester may be a less exotic to do well; publishing is expanding, 
location than Rio but it appears holiday bookings are ahead of 1985 levels 

f more often on an executive’s itinerary, and Laskys is again expected to 

ingyear in 1985 and with over 1,500 shops 
in foe U.K. we increased our share of foe 
off-track betting market to over 21%. 

In Belgium we own over 800 betting 
shops and last year we bought a race 
course in Michigan. 

(When legislation allows off-track 
betting, we’ll be ready for foe off.) 

But foe most pleasing development 
happened here in Britain earlier this week. 

For foe first time, betting shops were 
allowed to show live TV and satellite 
coverage of sporting events and to 
provide new facilities for their customers. 

We have already invested in foe 
most modem communication and 
computer technology to give our clients 
a service that’s second to none. 

We call it foe ‘Greatest Show in 
Town’ and even allowing for a Me 
commercial hyperbole, it does seem to 
be very popular 

Our U.S A properties are 
establishing a substantial rental stream 
and valuable dollar assets. 

Her£ in Britain, we’re concentrating 
on foe retail sector with major new 
schemes in Maidstone, Birmingham, 
and Bristol and out of town 
developments in Crayford, Hendon, 
Perry Barr and Cwmbran. 

This is Manhattan Tbzi'cr. 
a 275,000 sq.ft. 35-storey Ladbroke 
dez'elopmem in the heart of.Xezv York City. 
Its high rise and high rent and typical of 
our quality projects in America. 
In 1985. the propery vision contributed flSm 

to group profits. 

By next winter we’ll have invested 
\ million bringing foe 22 hotels we 
bought from foe Comfort Group up to 
' ; Ladbroke standards. (And need we say 

ii, Ladbroke profitability.) 

Ourradng division had an outstand- 

improve its performance. 

As you can see from this brief look 
at our activities, foe future looks far from 

And foafs exactly foe way we like it 


-.I-*:'--.;-'- VV;#.’ 

A ..." • V ' • ‘V. . *- 

Ttie directors of Ladbroke Group PtC '■ , aue tenant reasonable cate to ensure that 

the facts yaiec and awions ewressed arc tw ana accurate The directors accepted 'tswjnsoiitv accordingly One 0* a senes at advertisements, hom Ladbroke OCuO PLC 

' ’’ • -v - ; ' 




Mr Headset heads for success 

- By Teresa Poole 

* li was ai a trade exhibition in 1983 
that ihe Tewkesbury-based electronics 
company. Vanek. heart! rhai National 

■ Express was looking for a cordless 
’ headset system for its coaches. Someone 

* mentioned it to one of Vanek's sales 
■reps, who passed the word to Vanek’s 
founder, Arthur Combe. 

Two years and £80.000 in research 
and development costs later, Mr Combe 
and two engineers had perfected a 
.system which was ready for production. 
The Tewkesbury-based company, 
which was set up in 1981. has now been 
. contracted to fit out alt 175 of National 
Express’s Rapide service coaches, which 
should push the company’s turnover to 
£ 1.25 million. 

; Mr Combe said; “IVe have been 
lucky. We found one product that has 

■ done’ extremely well for us.” 

Vanek Is now becoming a textbook 
_ 'example of how a small company can 
capture a new market through the 

- development of a specialized high- 
technology product and secure the 

* necessary " financial support to move 
imo production. 

'* In 1976. Mr Combe left the 
. Government’s GCHQ operation after 
; 13 years as an engineer to set up a 

- company making TV monitors for the 
. amusement trade. After being bought 

out by a Japanese company. Combe 


Arthur Combe: We have been lucky 

again stoned up alone in business, as 
agent for a European make of monitor. 

Within six months the European 
company went out of business. He 
decided ’ to return to the amusement 
trade, assembling and building coin- 
operated machines. The market was 
depressed so from the start, the compa- 
ny. with its five employees, was looking 
for new- products. 

Ai this time. National Express were 
discovering that its on-coach video 
screenings did not please those passen- 
gers who did not want to watch a film or 

Bv Derek Harris 

Changes to the loan guarantee scheme 
„ to breathe new life into it as a generator 
- of small businesses and new jobs are 
L expected to be announced by the 
■ - .Chancellor in next week's Budget. 

A new buzz 
for the BES 

• t The main change is likely to be in the 
.-premiums being paid by borrowers for 

• the guarantee, which now applies to 70 
-jjer cent of a bank loan. This rate, 
’ originally three per cent, rose to fire 
. - per cent in mid-1984 at ihe same time as 
: the banks’ exposure to risk was raised 
- from 20 per cent to the present 30 per 
; cent. The demand for loans under the 

• scheme has since fallen away, raising 

• doubts abont the future of the scheme, 
’i. ’ But there has been continued support 

for it from David Trip pier; minister for 
small business at the Department of 
Employment, and it could well have a 
friend at the Treasury — John 
MacGregor, the Chief Secretary, a 
former small business minister. 

One advantage of the LGS, especially 
if it can be switched again into a higher 
gear, is that it has produced new- jobs 
comparatively cheaply. 

It seems unlikely that the banks will 
be faced with accepting additional 
exposure to risk. Their commitment to a 


Development Unit will help find premises 
and deal with planning matters. The 

■ York Enterprise Centre, being 
1 opened in the city’s Davygate this week- 
end. adds some dimension to the idea 
of the one-stop shop for small busi- 
. nesses and their needs. It is an un- 
usual blend of private and public-sector 
; Hnterests with a strong commitment to 
. fretping with loans, guarantees and eq- 
uity funding. 

The centre, first mooted by the city 
. council, then backed by the Lord Mayor's 
economic liaison committee that itself 
.brings together many local interests, will 
' offer not only full counselling facilities 
for small businesses but also a con- 
ference centre. York Enterprise, an 
initiative by. the local authofrty.and local 
business interests, will give-help on . . 
loans - including soft roans irpsome 
cases. The York Area Economic 

and deal with planning matters. The 
Vale of York Small Business Association, 
an established local enterprise 
agency, will offer a wide range of advice 
for small businesses. 

•Contact York Enterprise Centra. 1 
Davygate. York YOI 1G2 ; tel: 0904- 

■ For graduate artists and designers, 
the London Enterprise Agency (LEntA) is 

running a one-day course, Setting Up 
Your Own Busmess. On April 18 at the 

London College of Printing, 100 
places at £7.50 each. LEntA sees a spe- 
cial need to alert such graduates to 
the realities of self-employment because 
artists and designers are twice as 
likely as anybody else to work for them- 
selves. An advanced course for de^~ 
sioners was launched last.autumn. , , 

■'Contact Sophie Brandt*' LEntA. 69 
Gannon Street. London EC4N 5AB; 236 

TU: say. this for having your own 
business;. yon don't have to- worry 
about the corporate image’ 

- • ;■ - :*7 i r* 

; ■'•■ ■-■ ■N - . • • r~ ; > . ■■ • 

-- f ' 3$!i- 4 

,,V ... •_ •- ■ . :.- : r,:i .o' -v.'-.'*;. •'ixW.;: . -:T 

. iv e^iva'fiTl 6 ( Teii-Vou 'about .York.'--^ 
.Ti^iari- .ciomm'efcral W 
•*^'_locatiQn..ihat Ston'd, be hign-onV’-v’ Ws 
. your lisr-pT'prospectiye:s5t0s..v.-;b. - - - 

' We've a.I'dct I'ile (u;i -of. _ % 
it\£prrr,atiorf : *ha*. v.'n'.'shcv.'ycm just;’ 
f why '.York -is’ I he ioca you.-; - " * 
• calLus :<iciYoi:k.(0904j 5335$ or use- : 
, .the- Coupon and \veVlI rush' ^ ' ■ 

, itloyou-C' ’-h ' - C> " 
i \ ■ *'•> 

'/jYorlr'ATea Economic. i 5 -' 

$^ri. .' =; • V; 7 
Yo : k; Ervterpiis e Cr r.r :e;.. - 

;':YgrK YO.’. '2Qi: . jL r --; : . , ;• . \ 
Yark fOSO^) 53655' '. .Y; *•- 





Commercial Property 

29. The Square. South Motion, Devon. (07695) 2263. 

NORTH DEVON - 150 to 276 ACRES 


Mv.CCMl 'avKHSi- Jic CtrnWitf 
-Juc. ir.a araut 

0*1— i-m ip-r. 'B'fle'Xv ofloc* yf.< 
iMflO r, '"Jlw y» yai 'i*?."rr’i 
•hr a f: el uivru; Vi* 

AUCTION (unless sold) 25 April 19B6 as B wtwte or in Lota. 

— ai-. J? -ie oOutfi VrtlP. ^jj' ®ter CKP 


Selling proper^ftMchTsesleqtdpmeiit etc to smaH and. large companies or businesses 

• I ;f(^ 




businesses w anted 

hear its soundtrack. Existing cordless 
headphones were not really suitable for 
in-coach use and cord systems were 
thought loo unreliable. By July 1984, 
Vanek was fitting a trial coach and at 
the end of that year had developed the 
pre-production prototype. 

Each coach costs about £3.000 to fit 
out (at retail prices) and some indepen- 
dent operators have now also shown 
interest. Winning such a large order last 
year meant that the company's working- 
capital demands increased sharply and a 
decision was made to seek venture 
capital. With the help of accountants 
-Coopers & Lvbrand, Vartek went to 
Investors in Industry’ and Guardian 
Royal Exchange and raised £250.000, 
diluting Combe's stake in the company 
to 45 percent. 

The National Express coach finings 
are due to be completed in April and 
Vanek is now facing a drop in sales 
without further large orders. But ferries 
and British RaD have shown interest. 

In five years' time, the 'company 
hopes to have a £5 million turnover and 
to be ready for a flotation on the 
unlisted securities market. On the 
original side of the business, it holds 
about seven per cent of the market for 
coin-operated amusement machines 
and it has now also developed an inter- 
- active video-disc catalogue for car 



$38,000 investment units totalling Sl-BM tWRHwi k* 14 months. 
Fully secured, ana Bank guaranteed by C/O, tor beaenswa 
apahtmet projec? on 7?w Cos» 0!#** Spa»i. withapown- 
nat 37 iv return on capnaL 

t'ail iA-TihA and jjwftamw /««(' 

Arthur R. H*y (•» Prindpa? 

Lifetime HoHfay tawHtmeMs, 
do Ohrid Raymond & C&, 

C hart ered Accountants, 

23 Maraemt SL. London W1 
Tefc (P903) 2121W77S07S 


business PLANNING 
Essential Reading for .the 
small to medium sized bosoms 



Thu GMS HoMOOk fflOT GOWtaO M» a|piHB « iW**J 
Rotei f. Wdftn. FCA R wsaes DB iftBonr wd mestatf 
paniMig rco a pracOOi wrtmg taema tor.rtn mat 


tooKiogfor selec- 
tive acquisitions 
in the Vehicte 


Is seeking principals to own and operate business 
promoting and conducting training courses (or profes- 
sional associations, commercial orgamsatlons, 
schools, colleges etc. in London & throughout die 
U.K. The programmes have received tile nighest ac- 
claim and acceptance on an International level and 

re* n ^ w tie iwhanw d hMeaoWTO LaniwMtiwg 

ml 0US1WS pia™*.ew sui^ ftGttffftv tie Ba ngs ft* «aa 
For tnttsr MmnalnH ttwri iwfotiarf mm pkUcnK 

Contract Wire 
Leasing Sectors. 
Rephes treated 
in trie strictest 

Mana omemCo 
non wir i*a 

End Houa. 11 Wto Piece, Loe- 1 

Reply to 
BOX 077 


2--^ La iVa wurt ufin e r\f Hia (S*iefnacc H I m in mil Yi> nln iftui rmu n H flit 1 iifUf PflTlffrT 

intanuuonal Stark-tihu OwmmImi 

srcnM in«nw powntial jMcmM do operattfl from *”*** *•<» 
fxzuiv luriKswkm: TniA biwwci. wwcb t». wop Mg BMw 
himuii Dv ifto ftwiiti *iKf li ma s evaaq ou* 
w win ot utr lawwi dogonmai ia i» ^ u^ire iTiJ *N v co » «t gy_ 
toonwni wnrrfl By prooua rwa: 

proUiMan*. pn*nwr p«iotin«f iws 

you novo owe at WKNUtwojLoo o<f 

« £16.500. men please tunny Mr w g.ww brort tw tir 
CM- LmL 11 MartiwrtRtift ^ Sotmx. 

Td (0273) 072226. T be 8782*6. 

enced bustness executive or ccamwctaj organisation 
looking for prestidous & easy-torun business. Capi- 
tal required £50^000. Phone 01-503 8371 to- 
appointment with international Principal visiting Lon- 
don March 10th to l3th (inclusive/. 

c/o Times News- 
pepers. PO Box 
484, VirgireaSt, 
off The Highway, 
London El 800. 



A professional single sealer motor racing team based in 
the S.E. with a champion international driver in the 
number one car is now able to offer to companies or 
individuals itae opportunity of pan/iuunMwearship or die 
leant dieting cvceUeoi PR anti enienatung uctinte wtot 
RHiwleie m mow markeuns anti pranmuona) servtco. 
Tetepnone 0203 6*9300. 


*auto ae a» hg» tfoW 
"WQW Fi«na Sen m 
JEM MM 'im ai Btttii 

homes, siwps. tictones. taims and othgs etc: Seco nd to . 
renort gg gmg lor asjwson. oftBl etc. aha e W rie. 

Home mans, lie aootanee and pensions. For nnmotiuft wwe 
axtBct ACCtDCMT * aNEWU. (U«* * ftteri hjwftW M— 
Qm, ChtoMmvt MC7 50UL Tafc41 4C7 MM 

! ****** 

WQDi-^Hvw ne-iHcl 
.«J* Mtt BUBO.-. ' 
k,Gw Be mum tea jpnft pr . 
S mm maw Mm .. .* 

t&346 ID-COW .1 

new phase of LGS is crucial because it 
will primarily be bank managers, who 
will be selling the idea of such loans to 
prospective small businesses. 

What the banks particularly will also 
be looking for is a government commit- 
ment to the LGS over a reasonable 
period to allow planning of marketing 
and other commitments A scheme with a 
three-year life is being regarded as a 
minimum specification. 

The Chancellor is widely expected to 
tighten up regulations for the Busmess 
Expansion Scheme. But there has also 
been some study in Whitehall on the 
possibilities of improving the BES to 
benefit particularly small businesses 
needing backing of £50,000 or less. 




ciMHum .fXp. to 3Zfc ad- I 

prmM Brush nu*. Com oW «*°. Trt. i043*> JOOTffr. , 

£4 000* r-rjrfv n^*v U WO 
T»r - ,043ti> 470757 

towp-ema mm moo 


. , .rti? ni:- 

CcnlraUy situated in expanding market town. No 
compeUUon. Long lease or freehold can be pur- 
chased. Very large premises with living 
accommodation. Suit large expanding leisure com- 
pany or young ambitious couple. £100.000+ 


Price: £35,000 to purchase lease. 
Reply to BOX 086 . 




Repeat order business directed at snack food mar- 
ket for sale. Patents and trade marks etc. Highly 
profitable. Overseas potential, excellent for fran- 
chising. £300.000 price range Principals only 
Reply to BOX DSO . 

trio. muom-BL&m. 
bugs protts. Ror sale «t 
£12 m/ Repty to BOX 
O02c/d TMW te nwDae m . 

POet> 4SA. VUtlMa 'si 
TM hubnw Unnn St. 

for the acquisition of private companies. WQI 
consider joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. Telephone 01 
935 5795 or 486 6139. 


EARNINGS (or am- 


wriishtre near Bath. A large modem residential and nurs- 
ing home, complex to sale Freehold. First advertisement. 
Turnover £650.000 per annum, profit £300,000 Increasing 
10% Anri. ExceHent busmess. Send laraeSAE to Nurarng 
Home, 24. Heathheid Close, Bath. BAt 4NW 

Kt affluent tr> Sooili Caat 
arei estaetisMd over 3 
years. Tbmover age roe 
raatfty £ 100.000 ka 
E aaoy managed w«h root- 
mm DctenOal- Pnce 
ei 8,000 + say. nmir *» 
SOX D68 . • • 

miious people (ram 
quality repeat business 
railing on all types of 
businesses Exciting pro- 
motional product 

For anyone to start In 
business without 

0529 302364 

SAE Lyon Marketing. 
205. Albyn Complex. 
Bourton Rd. Sheffield 




QilUDOUM AunraM oibtU- 
log royalty w-Pbble. tn me 
am of fiuge reserves and Aas- 
. traua recora setting. daUy oU 
wdl muenw. at the UkM 
txntblr pntn. Financing avM>- 
atde. Srokerr incited Reply: 
tsrliKlpaL 431 W Baary Ace.: 
St 33V, Chicago. D. 60657: _ 
m MMRCVS. new products: 
Hundreds of current 



Wdl established industrial insulation manu- 
facturing co: for sale vwth .f/hokJ factory and 
investment property £385,000. Reply. to BOX 

n ■ (term** weH asttosM 
wr cam locrinp. A teftou 
mu su a u* bumess own e 
btog- tritgeo) a a "gone 
toocafn" aptoftang si MUm- 

D61 c/o TMet mwpwsre. «rtfl» « tlw Mfgoww JU»- 

donEJ " ' 

per ni pant add Bating m 
nartiNice m geooat bonono 
gen labptnw - McCangys 

Jh/hmkt s. 

import ‘export onpartunUla 
moaUtly. tEU. OrvtTA. l«.9cf- 
\age Lane. London. NW7 3SS 
<01-936 66001 

in your own business. 

;' Freelnfocmatton from 
WEL Dept TT. 4a 
Knights Chambers Ed- 
monton Green London 



H UHotOAiin auxst towrbv attmctwn 

ftf ill u» Drtw«ar Wen . 
^ I I I and Mother Shlpton’s Cm . 

‘ ■ Wnnh^iiw«Ii. Tartu 
UNor loorfn caure- drowtng otcr 100 . 000 ' 
iMlon or* annum. • __ 

Price: £485,000 Freehold Soto Acento 

Cnuulnn 16 SouUicmlAy wen. Exeter 
Tel. ,03991 32X367 Dr PmUMI 0772 563020 

v AN 


aU colour glossy maga- 
zinetn tpc leisure steam 
market ah emmum «n 
quvreti. Reply to BOX D49 


facilities for 2 flats at Heanor,- 
Derbyshire. Prime Town Centre 
Position. £55,000. Telephone 


2.300 sq ft wr» 2 ofhoes. 3. 
Krtete, factory an 2 fevgis 
Factory equipped vnth att new 


Repkes ttr 3 WootSwm Road. 
South Benftoel. Essex. 


ON WOKLY. Sure tnr in 
i property uMUU rui Property- 
i - Aston Hour*. Hope S3© SPA 

Profitable and interesting 
retail outlet for sale. 170 
£100X00 P4L. SOR stock 
by arrangemenl. For full 
details Reply to BOX D82 
c-o rimes Newspapers. 
PO Box 484. Virginia Sc 
oh The Highway. London 

TO* MU Cotnutuncy Curt- 
Mvrrag Agencv AOeratm 
Reoly lo BOX 059 

knsaiess in ear . active wm MM- 
• J?i rl,pf W**"- Tumovw 

*150000 per trtrn. Reply to 
“OX DM . 

HU M H gT off Bnurtey Hirours SHOP » roluw 

Square wi. immantete m>W- 
coniauwd period office building ! 
approx, a.500 eq n. to lei or , 
may wfl rrertwld. Sole Aqetrtt I 
GoMenoerg 6 Co. 01 -491 «ioi. 

Bom unnuKtuaie RtngrtMd. 
Norfolk. £43.000. HoUM 023. 1 


AUSTRALIA Bustneas and Land I 
Agent offers service to negotiate 
. Commercial property. Land In- 
vestment. Imports. Exports 
Skins. Licence to manufacture 
products, patents. Mining, met- 
al Lynt Thontmon Real Bsum. 
17. Ctarence Cre*.. Cofts Har- 
bour. NSW 2460 AiRtraUa. 
Poore- (066) B3 1944 All hours. 


Dram £99.50 mciuMu* 

No subscription. 
London's lowest rates. 

Same-Day- Company Sen lces Llti 
Bndae SL 181 Queen Victoria si. London. CCA 


Of -242 2320 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 


vhjso/coijouh tv only 
E l 3851 11" anti glare 
screen easily carried- 
weighs only 12.5 kilos. 
Freeze frame and slow 
motion, records ofl-air TV 
prowams. remote control 
available, nunns /12 von 
operation. Foam tuned 

Leasing fadUas avalabla. 
For detaMa ring' 

MXXSJEJL on D734 733S21. | 
271. Mne IMe Ride. 
Wokingham, Berkshire 


No premium. 24 nr. ac- 
cess. Prestige furniture 
carortec offices wiui tele- 
phone and Uex. From £70 
p wk all inclusive, shoit /■ 
long lerra. Parking 



and counter surveillance 
eauipmenl for both the 
amateur & professional. 
Ring or wrtie for price list. 

71G Ua Bride* M 
London ElO SAW 
01 558 4226 


No Premium 

Prestige rum. carpeted, 
showroom ofllces all inclu- 
sive with phon* + TfX. 
fmmed avail. Short /long 
term. Parking facilities. 


Frow £75 nor 
01-835 4BB8 

Burlington phone, tel- 
ex and forwarding 
services. CaD 01 834 




rreo London tend. Minimum 
orow B Quo pry emanate. «q- 
oly to SOX DS6 . 

I Britain s No. r franchise I 
“publication (or facta, odor- 

for NOKn^fiNCttBAIttR: 



, dtwajppfnant organisation. 

IVnirt and rcfmiducliiin' Pcdev 
ul il.-sliv Par?nrri dv«kv. 
iNriiiuit uMrx Ikt^aipurfs aikl 
IX->4 chair*. 

«i#f hr detail, ar 

IVreaoti (a*m Mrknnr 

■Jw Urd,'- Dpi l-Ute 

y t ter* stn*L (ante MIS 
lateptew. ■ 1.711 T«te 

FreneWM Dmniopment 
Services LM, Castle Hotiae, 
Norwich, IBg 1PJ 

i U.K.'s largest mall order 
company offer 'customer 
returns, pool and smoker 
• laWes. larpr or small owan- 
tlUes available . ai huge 
I discounts. Returned goods 
sen. Surplus and retaied do 
< not sen' Also- thousands of 
ruec of various Quamjesai 

2S*, off retail. 

■ -‘ vfcc.-Vi 

Phone 0244 549444 





Conlerenre & EvhiWlton rqn 
ire. Korui YorKshire. For 
furt rwr (nformquon on theie ' 
fine fartiiHM tel 0423 ofiOfii. 

t"W Ma. Rym - 
Vaoomad Ud 
fiZ. *. AudHy St 
UotiM WI 
TEL: 01 8Z9 0ZZ3 
TEU9(i H147M 


wrecuras, vawo 

Hidden tn bnefcasM. books. 
rtocKs. spcadien. etc. 


MRISH UBRABV, Cb Ru-srtf. 
WORLD: Ailaus. Maps and 
OhjDev Whdys tO S Suiv a SO- 
O. Adm 

Ctete Maninanurrr looktnq. 
for eswtHohed rppmenbUiu- 
Extcnsite hne of feadiertnmi i 
and qarmenu Co matt us and - 
we will meel wi|h you on « 

I about March 24. neuue lores 
Trtev number 97157a Cask ! 
. . rtddmt AMCAN FEA NN K ' 
Phone 71H-72%05I4. 

ftwwBB>O Brnin o(B - ' 

lor Cow Dourer latest 
' Amervan nreprere imSsm 
wme 1 144 4 UN Strew. s*n« 
Mo"«. CaW. 00405. Telex 

The study exwtextofthe 

pnperdtidp^^mzim for the Belfast' 
Urban before 

The study is uses and - 

.development cfwiSn^3^£nf4be' land and . 
the exploitation 

■ ■ 

- The successfijrf appficaRfe^^fpacfci^a. 

together in one team a 
successful water frontage 

. ^hSineerinadesiShSiF^^'i 
de^topnientcepttl^^ f *. 

Forthw irvWfmatiopli^ - . 

: DOE (NJ^Room 403^S6«a^HCKisc, . ' 
Acfeiflide Strec^Befte&Mti#SS B42486 - 

- Ext 282 or m.toW|S5^»st'for the- 1 
Ptennlng Brief mj& be^f^s^oFe 24 March. : 





thf. TIMES FRIDAY MARCH 14 1986 



. From your .portfolio end rfyrk your 
eight share price movements. Add Gam 
up 10 give you your overall lotaL Check 
ih« anna the- daily dividend feme 
published on this page. If it maicbcsyou 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated.' If you are a 
winner follow the daim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your can) available when dahning. - . 

Surge continues 

© Tines Newspapers Uatad _ 


£ 2,000 

□aims required for 
+39 points 

Claimants shonid ring 025+53272 


133 ABad-Lyera m 

471 Ban TOT 

38 BMMn «3 

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S 8£UU 3 

223 OKH(Wi»*»| 

417 DawMfctl A) 806 

270 DntiKr* . 617 

1 59 GraaraHjAMfey 1M 


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120 Ml »»_ 278 

S7 uw» lawp w B 
170 Uoittnd 2*2 

108 &A Brmartas Z» 

126 SCOI S Ha* - 209 

'■ 271 Sa^wn OB'* 

SB Van 361 

184 ummad'A* 2« 

185 DO-B - 271 

i 162 WHBmadinr ^ 223 

270 Wdiwmnia D *88 

195 YOtmg A’ 215 

lOOb 50 tar 

41.1 1.1 .. 

>56 4.1 14.7 
102 3213.4 
102 33 138 
90 4 A 309 
122 20,70 
04 4^ 172 

us to 

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57 21 

?09 177 
71 25 

355 TOO 
96 34 

3i0 45 
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520 £30 
175 30 
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ITS 133 
707 m 
33 175 

£63 108 
405 100 
248 190 

cotth end 

Q®TO« E "*97 
goui n Res 
Goal P* , 

& western Ras 

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CG 04 

kc* omrnj 


Do urns „ 
New London 04 

Fiorai Dutch 



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144. 5551- • 

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_a 143 132 

. . 21 1 
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Weekly Dividend 


Saturday’s newspaper. 


254 172 
240 213 
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153 82 

448 208 
358 204 

158 6a- 

34 19 

.167 113 
71 80 

87 51 
925 545 
641 466 
2B3 184 

92 59 

80 . 56 
28 11 
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105. 64 
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70 «2 

544 338 

364 W4 
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121 nn 

318 204 
110 89 

148 24 

55 33 
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328 281 
183 129 
328- 260 

244 .112 
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900 600 
201 M3 
170 96 
150 08 
385 180 
584 342 
429 2GS 
177 93- 


300 «2 

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566 3*8 
102 100 
-373 225 
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343 M3 
258 *35 
286 126 
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230 173 
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Amec ■- . B*6 

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Haywood W4Mi 20* 
Higgs S HH -“S 
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Magnai a sown 154 

Unm 212 

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Paramroon 165 

Phoaota Tkdrar 108 




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smpaa Ranar 07 
Smart (J) 7| 

Tarmac . . *2 

Taylor WoMrow 553 

T«uy 0*1X41 146 

Tram a Arnold 373 

Tiam 78 

Ton" 150 

WbraoM ssa 

Waal - 271 

WarmgnnfT) _65 

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163 101 
270 13# 

140 10* 

158 -S3 

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280 200 
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May 6 Sana 

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Hadaon Bay £M 
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last year Bradford played host to 
Pharmacists, Statisticians, Engineers, 
Television Directors and over 20,000 
conference delegates, worldwide. 
Surprise yourself and find out about 
Bradford's wide-ranging conference 
locations and services. 

Ask for the Bradford Conference Pack 
from Gina Ponlter, City Hall, 
Bradford BD1 1HY 
Telephone Bradford (0224) 253287 



Bradford Health Authority 
welcomes the appointment of 
John Harvey Jones as 
Chancellor of the 
University of Bradford. 

As a leader in health promotion, 
the Health Authority has 
formed a strong partnership 
with the University. 

We hope to work for our 
community so that the 
people of Bradford 
can make healthy choices. 



By L»cy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

The comeback after the cuts 

As a new technological univer- 
sity, Bradford's aim has been 
to provide courses and conduct 
research which is relevant to a 
modern society. It has pioneer- 
ed a number of subjects, such 
as peace studies, and it has 
recently built on its traditional 
strength in engineering. 

Other areas in which it has 
a deserved reputation axe man- 
agement studies and lan- 

The university was hit very 
hard in the University Grants 
Committee cuts of 1981. On 
paper it suffered a cut of about 
28 per cent; in real terms the 
cut was more tike 31 per cent. 

It therefore lost about £5 
million in cash overnight and 
was forced to shed one-fifth of 
its students. This was a terri- 
ble blow and the university is 
now a smaller and more sober 

Professor John West, the 
vice chancellor, decided not to 
adopt a policy of “equal Academics 
misery" for all but to apply the 

cut with ruthless selectivity. 

u We looked at what we were 
good at and derided not ro 
touch those departments,” he 
said. “We found a number of 
departments were not in a 
good position and would re- 
quire money to put right, so we 
decided to phase them out” 

Bradford lost 10 degree 
courses and its student num- 
bers declined from 5.000 to 
4,000. Biology, material sci- 
ence, colour chemistry', tex- 
tiles, science and society, 
education, social analysis, the 
literature and history of ideas, 
public and social policy, and 
pharmacology and medical 
science were all cut 

A total of 120 teaching and 
300 non-teaching staff had to 
go. According to Professor 
West, the response was 
"magnificent", and sufficient 
staff elected to go under the 
voluntary retirement scheme. 

such as electrical and 

in priority are 
rical and electro, 

The installation today of 
the ICI chairman. Sir 
John Harvey-Jones, 
right, as the University 
of Bradford's new 
the former Prime Min- 
ister, Lord Wilson of 
Rievauix, strengthens its 
links with industry 

k engineering were not al- 
lowed to leave. 

Professor West said the 
positive aspect of the cots was 
that the university received 
extra encouragement from the 
UGC and was given 50 extra 
engineering places. Since then 
It has received funding for 
another 50 places . in 
ekctxical/eiectronic engineer- 
ing as part of the 
Government's "switch' 1 money 
to enable more students to 
study science subjects. 

He said that Bradford was 
str o ng er now than it had been 
five years ago, but there was 

no magic in the fonnnla- 
"We are smaller now," he 

said. "You pay for what you 
get. The 24 departments that 
hare remained are stronger 
now, but we have lost biology 
which I regret very 

Material science Is a big loss. 
This is a minority subject, but 
a very important subject in 
science and engineering." 

The biggest factor which 
told against Bradford ffl 19S1 

was that a nnmba of its 
subjects were not in demand 
by students. This meant that 
A-level results- were not good 
In many subjects. 

in recent months the univer- 
sity has taken another tough 
decision; it has derided _ to do 
away with physics, againbe- 

causeofa lack of demand. The 

nnlvmity had difficulty filling 
Its complement of 30 places 
and had to rely heavily on the 
UCCA clearing house scheme 
to recruit students. 

Of the 10 physks stag 
three are moving to 
University and the remainder 
are being redeployed at Brad- 
ford. By 1988 the physics 
department will hare disap- 
peared from the university. 

Of the4,000 students, about 
one-third are studying arts 
subjects and two-thiids^scH 
and technology. About 38 
per cent of the student body 
live on the campus in haOs of 
residence and student Sam, 

and the rest fire outside in digs 

or other, rented acco mm o da- 
tion. . 

The nmrereiiy it presd ofjts 
expanding opportunities Tor 
mature stndems - woe who 
do not hare conreawmal A- 
lerei qtafificathms and mbserf 
out on higher edocafion when 
they were younger. 

g has started a masher of 
part-time cowses sotfrat, for 

example, adults can,, gain a 
degree, in civil engineering 
part-time while they are stniM 
work. Altogether then; are 350 
students in continuing educa- 
tion studying lor dejpees. 

Bradford Is cementing its 
Uu&s with industry with the 
instafiatioa of Sir JoktiHar- 
vey-Joues, chafemaa of ICI. tt 
chancellor in succession to 
former Prime Minister Lord 
W3son of Rievauix. The uni- 
versity was pteastttly sur- 
prised when Sk John agreed 
to be fts chancellor and w 
:• be MB: provide * My 

A special case 
for engineers 

In the past five years Bradford 
has concentrated on its engi- 
neering as it was told to do by 
the University Grants Com- 
mittee. Impressive work is 
going on in chemical, control 
and electrical engineering, and 
five new professors have been 

Chemical engineering is one 
of the biggest schools in terms 
of student numbers with 280 
undergraduates and 50 re- 
search students. A special 
feature is the “think 
sandwich" element which in- 
cludes a period spent in 
France. West Germany, Hol- 
land or Swj| 2 erland. 

A student of chemical engi- 
neering will spend his or her 
first year in the university and 
in the subsequent three years 
will spend six months in 
industry and six months in the 

In general, students go 
abroad in the second industri- 
al training period during the 


• wide range of undergraduate and 
postgraduate courses in engineering and 
technology, the sciences, business and 
management studies and the social 

• wealth of research subjects 

• dose links with business and industry keep 
teaching and research up to date and 

• emphasis on application of knowledge in 
the service of industry, commerce and 

For more information contact: 

• special International Visiting Students’ 
Programme in operation (includes JYA 

• considerable co-operation with Third 
World Countries, especially through the 
Project Planning Centre for Developing 

The Registrar and Secretary. 
University of Bradford. - 
West Yorkshire BD7 1DP. 
Tel. (0274) 733466 ; 


Listeriulls Science Park, Bradford University. 

If your company or business 
operates at the frontiers of new 
technology', you need a working 
environment as specialised as 
your business. 

English Estates leads the field 
in the development and provision 
of purpose-built high technology 
property. We have established a 
highly successful science park at 
Bradford University. 

There are only three units of 
1280 sqit remaining and all are 
available with flexible leasing 
terms, attractive rents, and a 
complete property management 

To find out more about how 
your idea can grow, contact 

(0302) 66865 




More properties to get you going. More help to get you growing, f§ 

third year of the course. They 
study a language — French or 
German — in their first year at 
Bradford though this does not 
count towards their degree. 

The school has run this 
industrial experience abroad 
for the past 10 years and Dr 
Michael Hughes says it broad- 
ens the students as people and 
enables ihem to become feirly 
fluent in a language- It has led 
to some students getting jobs 
in the EEC. 

The course is oriented to- 
wards the design of chemical 
plant and it takes 25 per cent 
women students, a higher 
proportion than any other 
such course in Britain. Fifteen 
years ago. before the depart- 
ment began to go out of its 
way to attract girls, it would 
have been lucky to have one in 
25. said Dr Hughes. 

One reason for the influx of 
girls may be that the school 
will accept an O-JeveJ in 
chemistry as an entry require- 
ment. In research, the depart- 
ment specializes in three 
major areas: solvent extrac- 
tion in which it has strong 
links with British Nuclear 
Fuels and Harwell; rheology, 
concerned with the manufac- 
ture of plastics, and food 
processing and the mixing of 
chemicals: and powders where 
research concentrates on slur- 

The electrical engineering 
department has expanded 
considerably in the past two 
years to become the largest 
engineering department in the 

* U 

Quiet men: Professor David Howson and Dr Peter Excell, from the electrical and electronic 
engineering department, at work in a microwave anechoic chamber 


are proud to 
be suppliers of 

electron microscapes 


NMR Spectrometers 
to the University 
of Bradford 

university. Because of the 
extra money it was given in 
the Government’s "switch" to 
science and technology sub- 
jects it has acquired more 
students, more staff and more 
capital equipment 

It received £180.000 . for 
equipment in the postgraduate 
area and £100,000 for under- 
graduate work. This was mote 
than any other electrical engi- 
neering department m Britain. 

The undergraduate school 
expanded by 40 per cent and 
the postgraduate school began 
a new Master’s course in radio 
frequency engineering. Tele- 
communications research in- 
terests have been expanded in 
the past six months, particu- 
larly communications with 
vehicles, satellites and cellular 
terrestrial systems. The de- 
partment has been awarded 
the highest number of con- 
tracts bv the Science and' 

Engineering Research Council 
of any other university electri- 
cal engineering department in 
the telecommunications speci- 

The emphasis in the school 
is towards electronic and tele- 
communications engineering 
rather thafr machine prob- 
lems. The two undergraduate 
courses are electrical and elec- 
tronic engineering or electron- 
ic, communications and 
computer engineering. Within 
those two courses students can 
gain a Masters or a BEng 

There are five postgraduate 
courses — microprocessor ext 
gineering, radio frequency en- 
gineering. power electronics, 
communications engineering 

and power systems engineer- 
ing. . •/: 

The civfl . engineering de- 
partment has recently ac- 
quired a new professor. Stuart 
Littlejohn, who came straight 
from industry from the inter- 
national group of contractors. 
Colcrete. -the first contractor 
to be appointed to a chair and 
the, fourth to come from 
industry. . 

He set about creating a civil 
engineering advisory board, a 
group of academics and em- 
ployers. plus a headmistress. 
“We an 

produce graduates who are 
going to be useful in industry 
and to produce research pro- 
grammes that are relevant,” 
said Professor Littlejohn. 

conducted, for example, into 
thermal cracking of offshore 
pipelines, calcaneous soils, 
noise propagation, and sewer 


are pleased to be 
suppliers of 


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POLYMER LABORATORIES offices, world wide, wish the 
Universrty of Bradford a most prosperous future with strong 
industrial collaboration. 

Polymer Laboratories Ltd. Church Stratton, Shropshire. 
Polymer Laboratories Ltd. The Technology Centre, 

Polymer Laboratories Ltd. Heidefterg, Wbst Germany 
Polymer Laboratories Inc. Amherst, Massachusetts, OS JL 
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are proud to supply 
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the Plastic Surgery and 
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University, and St Luke’s 
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Downs Surgical Limited 

Chutch Path, Mitchant, Surrey, CR4 3UE, England 
Telephone: 01-648 6291 

sSllCff A SmNft* !i*du*tn*s Mtfcal Sy Wn w Company 


(analytical ins’ts manu.) 

are pleased to announce 
the opening of a 
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in Spring 1986. 



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Br adfo r d On i ver sil y . BD7 1DP. 
TeL (0274)733466, eat 6309. 

University of Bradford 

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University of Bradford. Bradford, lAfest TforteWre BD7 1DP 
Tel. (0Z74) 733466 Ext 8284/8249Telex5T309Univer3ily Brad 


Armitage & Norton congratulate 
Sir John Harvey-Jones on his 
appointment as tire Second Chancellor of. 
the University of Bradford, with 
which we are pleased to be associated. 

• Accountants : . . 

• Auditors . 

• Financial Advisers 

• Management Co nsultants 

• Tax Advisers 

Armitage & Norton 


Office* »t . 

BtertoooJ BwiHiwJ Dewsbury Ertnbwsh Gtagow Htfta WycottfceHuftfefy-ekJ 

Jersey Lwb Ldaom LondanLug^xirau^i Mudimr Ptes»i 

v at "That ' doesn't mean we 

* won't be interested; in fundn- 
menial research but we have 

i decided that 70 per cent of our 

research win be applied and 30 
per cent win be speculative 
‘*w. ^ andlohg-term.” -T-‘ 

He proposes to create a first 
■ year industrial truer scheme in 
i ■ ' association with the Yorkshire 
branch of the Institute of Ovil 
Engineer to introduce under- 
*' '..I. graduates to industry. "As 

. -- ' -'i. ... soon as: they wive here -we 
want logeiihestudemshighly 
'-•> motivated and committed toa 
'j " '^r tareer." lie usd. 

*•' ^ . In ihe second year students 
- , *“ ^ have a whole senes of lectures 
i “ (about 30) g»ve» by practising 
^ civil jn^oeers. 1 st tire tiurd 

• - -/*' • ; year, as a part of the sandwich 
course, students go out into 
industry for the whole year. 
This is the only civil engineer- 
ing depar t me nt in the UK 

-which runs such a scheme. 
The degree can lead to ait 
MEng or a BEng. 

Professor iiukjohn is keen 
to introduce environmental 
science to the department's 
work because civil engineering 
can have such dramatic effects 
on the environment Dams, 
for example, can change the 
climate and ecology of, a 
region, and civil engineers 
should learn about issues such 
as believes. 

. The school attracts a lot of 
outside research money: be- 
. tween January, and July. 1 985 
•it had ckSdted up £400.000, 
well beyond its target! 'That is 
because we have ^ been pre- 
pared to go out into industry, 
identify" their problems and 
produce ' results to a 
timetable." he said. 

are trying to tap the.- -.“That way you tan win the 
expertise of aJl these people to money.” Research is being 

■■ , r , 

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Putting a spot- weld 
on tbe bum scars 


S? 6 ^SSSJjfefrcj? ai S? “J advanced stage and the uni- 

veiiity is abwit to market a 


which is being established as a 

result of last year’s disastrous 
fire at Valley Parade football 
ground in Bradford. 

- £250,000 has been donated 
and industrial links have been 
set up. The unit is a joint 
endeavour between the uni- 
versity and St Luke's Hospi- 
tal, and its director is Mr 
David Sharpe, principal con- 
sultant at the hospital who led 
the team of surgeons trading 
the bum victims. 

Tbe link between the uni- 
versity and the hospital began 
in 1980 when Professor Terry 
Baker arrived at Bradford. 

The two institutions carried 
out joint research on facial 
plastic surgery and breast 
reconstruction for women fol- 
lowing mastectomies. 

In those days — before the 
wearing of seatbelts became 
statutory — there were a lot of 
patients with face injuries 
mused by traversing car wind- 

The method developed by 
Mr Sharpe and his team is the 
"tissue flap” technique, 
whereby a flap of skin can be 
transplanted. That has been 
accompanied by research into 
glues that are used as surgical 

The work is being done with 
a subsidiary of Super Glue 
call ed Loctite. It is at a very 

The Usterhills science park at 
Bradford has been called “the 
best in the country after 
Cambridge”. It was started in 
1982, with the first tenants 
moving, in in 1983, and has 
produced some remarkable 
success stories. 

Built by English Estates as 
its first' specialized high-tech 
development the first phase is 
fully let to about 20 companies 
mainl y involved in comput- 
ers. There are 42 single-storey 
units in 42.000 square feet all 
with their own front door and 
parking space, put up at a cost 
of £1,100,000. 

The second phase, compris- 
ing 22,700 square feet, was 
completed last year and is 

about halffulL A third phase is 
being considered. 

The park was conceived 
from a university site which 
had been earmarked , for ex- 


. the past the plastic 
surgery was done by surgical , 
sutures, similar to tying knots 
in the skin. This left a kind of 
zipper effect with puncture 
holes on tbe skin. 

The new technique of spot 
welding involves lacking the 
skin tissues together with 
droplets of glue. It is much 
neater than the suture meth- 
od, leaving fewer serious per- 
manent marks. 

Biomedical sciences is an 
. interesting new depannent at 
Bradford. It is a combination 
of courses in applied biology, 
pharmacology and medical 

sciences, together with some 
new ideas, which were brought 
together after the 1981 Uni- 
versity Grants Committee 
cuts. ' ■ 

New research into 

The new biomedical sci- 
ences course is considered to 
be unique in its scientific basis 
and ethos. Its underlying 
theme is to provide an under . 
standing of disease proces- 
sions, the methods used, in 
their investigation amt the 
evaluation . and screening, of 
drugs used in The treatment of 
disease. . - 

One of the dep ar tment's 
most interesting lines of re- 

search is in infertility 
intersexuality. . 

It is sometimes found that 
male or female intersexuality 
is due to a fault in the 
chromosomes. The Bradford 
researchers work out how 
these anomolies occur and 
how they might be treated. 
Most ore not treatable. 

The researchers examine 
the ovaries of women and tbe 
testes of men. Some patients 
have an ovary on one side of 
the body and testes on the 
other, and are, therefore, 
known as intersexuaL 

The school of biomedical 
sciences contains a clinical 
epidemiology research -unit 
established in March 1985 to 
explain the poor health of 
Bradford residents. 

- People die -younger in the 
city' than elsewhere in the 
country and deaths among 
new-born babies are also high- 
er. The unit is examining what 
can be done to make Bradford 
a. healthier city. 

One of the keys might be 
nutrition among Asian wom- 
en. There appears to be a 
higher incidence of d e a th s 
among Asian females who are 
also fighter than indigenous 

The unit is also looking at 
heart disease to see whether 
that is a major cause of death, 
in the elderly, and more so in 
Bradford than in other parts of 
the country. 

Tailor-made for 
business people 

The Management Centre re- 
flects Bradford's applied ap- 
proach by concentrating on 
practical work. It is not for 
nothing that it was once 
known as the “businessman's 
business school." 

.As one of Europe's oldest 
and largest business schools, 
with a strong reputation for 
research, it has been chosen as 
the national centre for doctor- 
al training in management by 
the Economic and Social Re- 
search Council. 

Twenty per cent of courses 
are what is known as “post 
experience", designed for 
adults already in work. The 
remainder are degree courses. 

The centre's particular 
strengths are in interpersonal 
skills, marketing and in the 
development of top managers. 
Many short, post-experience 
courses are tailor-made for 
individual companies or insti- 
tutions such as Unilever. ICI. 
BP, National Giro. Allied 
Breweries and Rio Tinto Zinc. 

The centre is currently in- 
volved in management train- 
ing for the top boy's' public 
schools belonging to the 
Headmasters' Conference. 

A total of 650 people are 
undertaking degrees at the 
centre, of whom 350 are 
studving undergraduate de- 
grees. The BSc in business 
studies is a three-year course, 
giving students a grounding in 
statistics, maths, computing 
economics and accountancy 

A success story 
for Dr David 

new source of wraith and 
employment in the city. 

• enable firms to draw on the 
expertise and facilities of tbe 
university and give academics 

the university, np to a maxi- 
mum of £10,000 which leads 
to the creation of a product or 
service based in the city. 

The science park set out to 


the diani* to develop their find companies who needed 
research projects and ideas by the expertise of the umversrty 

setting up commercial busi- 
nesses beside the university. 
• provide good quality 
premises for start-up firms 
and established businesses 
specializing in high technol- 
ogy and knowledge-related 
business. . 

-Lawrence West, the 
university’s director of indus 

had been earmarked. for , rinonrial aid 
pansion in foe e&ty .MM*?-.: 

comes from Europe 

trial liaison, helps tenants 
identify what they need from 
the university, in the way of 

icoijiuuuuuu. ... ... Financial aid comes from 

The development is con-’ loans provided .by the Europe- 
lained oh I I acres less than, a investment Bank and the 

Then miwc Bradford's finan- 
cial cut of 1981 and the 
sudden end to expansion, so- 
Bradford City Coundi, which 
had originally sold the land to 
tbe university, agreed to sell it 
to English Estates. 

mile from the city and right 
next to tbe university. There 
were three objectives behind 
its conception. It wa s hoped 
the science park would: 

• promote Bradford as a 
centre for “knowledge based 
high-tech firms and provide a 

Department of Trade and 
Industry’s Business Improve- 
ment Services. Bradford City 
Council offers a discretionary 
research grant to listeiiuITs 

The grant provides half the 
cost of research carried out by 


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and would become involved 
with the university. The result 
is that it attracted technologi- 
cally advanced business rather 

than routine manufacture. 

About five of the science 
pa rk's businessmen are direct- 
ly linked with the university in 
that they left academe in order 
to set up on their own com- 

, .One couple was. Dr. David . 
Buttlahd and his wife Judy 
who bad worked as a. comput- 
er officer and a res earch 
assistant at the university. 
They have become a 
ListerhilTs success story. 

Their project was to devel- 
op computer graphics .for the 
university. In the early days 
they made these available 
without charge to other uni- 
versities. They realized there 
was a market for their prod- 
uct, took the plunge and left 
the university to form their 
own company. 

In the first year they re- 
ceived help from the 
university’s own research 
company, Bradford Universi- 
ty Research Ltd. . 

Then they increased their 
capital with fin a n c i al help 
from the National Enterprise 
Board and now produce some 
extremely good computer 
graphics which are selling well 

They were the first tenants 
in the park, beginning as an 
outfit of two, building up to 
four people and then adding 
another two in their second 
year. By 1984 they had a staff 
of seven and a turnover of 
£100,000. Last year their turn- 
over had increased to 

They were too crowded m 
their accommodation and 
tooka Z500 square feet unit in 
the second phase of the sci- 
ence park's development. 

Another company called 
BIT is working in the field of 
intelligence systems comput- 
ing. A third company, Eltec, 
was begun by Dr Colin 
Wormold, a former member 
of the university’s staff. It has 
taken 4,000 square feet and 
specializes in computer servic- 
ing, distribution and tra inin g. 

A fourth company. Occupa- 
tional Health Services, is a 
hygiene laboratoxy specializ- 
ing in hazards at work, such as 
asbestos. , ... 

' Mr West said he thought it 
was the job of a university to 
create something real out of its 
activities. “We fed this practi- 
cal application is part of our 
job as a university," he said. 

“This park is a success story 
in an inner city area which has 
not got much. That is very 
good for morale.” None of the 
companies has been failures 
and the success of some can be 
measured by the number of 
Porscbes in the car park. 

The Science Park has creat- 
ed about 200 jobs on site from 
nothing, and the companies 
are turning over an estimated 
£8m a year. 

When Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, visited Britain 
h»«t year be was shadowed by a 
top-flight interpreter from 
Bradford University. 

Richard Pollock is the 
coarse tutor on the postgradu- 
ate dipknaa/MA course in 
interpreting and translating. 
He specializes in Russian aim 
divides his work between 
tMfhing, translating and act- 
ing as an Augto-Rnssian con- 
sultant on, for example, Soviet 
negotiating methods. 

The postgraduate course in 
interpreting a»d translating at 
Bradford is highly regarded 
and has given the university an 
international reputation _ for 
training professional linguists. 

Its make has to be extreme- 
ly selective because only 12 of 
the 120 applicants with first 
dass honours and upper sec- 
ond degrees are accepted. 

The department prides itself 
on raising the standards and 
status of professional Inter- 
preters and translators. Its 

Speaking words 
for Gorbachov 

expertise is reflected in its 
undergraduate work too where 
there are tint* four-year 
courses: a BA in European 
studies which is a modern 
language and a social science; 
and a BA in management 
sciences and French. 

With 28 tenured staff and 
320 students, tbe department 
provides what might be called 
an unconventional language 
ed ucati on compared with most 
other institutions of higher 
education. It specializes in 
communicative skills rather 
than in literature. 

The BA-modern languages 
degree, the biggest course with 
an unnnal intake of 80, offers 
students the opportunity to 
develop spoken and written 

skills in French, German, 
Russian and Spanish. 

Literature is simply one 
option, together with the poli- 
tics or economics of the conn- 
try under study, from which 
students choose under the 
heading of European Area 
Studies. Politics and econom- 
ics are the most popular 

Tbe rest of the students’ 
time is taken np with language 
work — translation of general, 
literary, political, economic 
p assages and oral work. 

This emphasis on practical 
. lan guage work is perhaps not- 
surprising given that Brad ford 
is a technological university 
set np after the Robbins report 
had called for modern bun- 

as well as in psychology and 
sociology. By the third year 
they are introduced to the 
sharper end of business — 
production, marketing and fi- 
nancial management. 

There is also a BSc in 
managerial sciences, which is 
business studies plus informa- 
tion technology, and the BA m 
management studies and 

In the postgraduate area 
there is a full-time one-year 
MBA, the second largest in the 
country, taking about 1 10 

students. Well over half of 
these students finance them- 
selves on bank loans and 
savings, and a handful are 

company sponsored. 

The part-time MBA, lasting 
three years, attracts an intake 
of about 50, of whom three or 
four last year were managing 
directors doing the degree in 
their spare time. 

Professor Chris Higgins, the 
centre's director, says that one 
of These managing directors 
told him he had learnt so 
much on the course that he 
had created 100 new jobs in 
the past three years. 

The centre's doctoral pro- 
gramme is highly regarded 
and 100 PhDs were achieved 
in 1984/85, more than in any 
other UK business school. 
Research is divided into three 
major groups: managerial eco- 
nomics, organizational analy- 
sis and production 

ma ges to be less remote from 
job prospects. 

Students on the modem 
lan g ua g es coarse spend their 
year abroad in an industry in 
two five-month periods in each 
of the two countries they are 

This means that a student 
doing French and German will 
spend five months in French 
industry and five months in 
German industry, usually in 
the marketing or export rales 
departments. Students do 
placements with companies 
such as the French national o9 
company, Eff-Aqmtane, and 
tbe German Siemens AG. 

Professor Roger Tilfonl 
rays the relevance of the 
courses explains why the uni- 
versity attracts such good 
candidates. ; 

To get into Bradford to read 
.modem languages a student 
-must have more than three Bs 
at A-levek for the management 
sciences coarse with a lan- 
guage they have to do even 

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is crucial if 
French are to 
be extended 

From David Hands, Rugby Correspondent, Paris 

England completed their 
training yesterday, in prepara- 
tion for tomorrow's final five 
rations' championship match 
against France at the Parc des 
Princes, with a stern lecture 
from both the captain and 
coach. The message, in es- 
sence, was to concentrate and, 
by inference, the reminder of 
the points England have con- 
ceded this season by not doing 

'I ‘ The English squad spent 
q.ver two hours at the La 
Boulie Golf Club in Versailles, 
■working on their scrummag- 
ing and on developing their 
back play on a mild day with 
more than a hint of spring in 
the air. They also gave consid- 
erable thought to their reac- 
tions in different pressure 
Situations, reactions which in 
some matches this season 
have proved fallible. 

‘ They will admit, candidly, 
dial France are overwhelm- 
ingly favourites tomorrow, 
which will make a change 
since England have been 
cursed with that tag in their 
last three matches. Nigel Mel- 
ville. the captain, said yester- 
day that if they did not tackle 
the French first time and put 
them down, they would be 

, “We hope very much that 
w£ will be able to scrummage 
ggainst them and take them on 
in that area" Melville said. It 
is an obvious area of English 
strength and. if successful, 
may cause the French some 
frustration with consequent 
fcffifct to their temperament, 
w^iich can at times be brittle. 

„ To that end England asked 
Tim Francis to bring to their 
side one of the Power House 
•scrummaging machines — the 
Jon in which Francis is a 
partner — which they have 
used all season and which 
proved so fruitful for last 
season's Australians. The 

£3.000 machine was waiting 
for them but a supply of balls 
had gone astray, it was as welL 
therefore, that England had 
their own supply of the 
Addidas balls which will be 
used in tomorrow's match (the 
intention is to drop the match 
ball into the stadium from a 
passing helicopter), and whose 
handling and kicking charac- 
teristics differ materially from 
the balls used in the British 

Andrew, England's stand- 
off half, has teen practising 
kicking with such a ball this 
week, though English support- 
ers will hope he can also bring 
the best out of bis backs by 
handling it "We have won 
two out of three games so tar 
this season and we still 
haven’t started playing” Mi- 
chael Weston, chairman of 
selectors, said yesterday. 

“That may be a comment 
on the opposition but it isn't 
intended as such. When we 
did construct a very good try 
(against Ireland) it was disal- 
lowed. And we have given 
away so many points — it 
mates me weep when I watch 
the videos and see the mis- 
takes which have let people 
back into the game”. 

Hence the harsh words from 
Melville and Martin Green, 
the coach, at the end of 
training. The French, who 
believed that in scoring four 
trys against Wales in Cardiff 
that their backs did not do 
themselves justice, will punish 
any English mistakes tomor- 
row in summary manner 

Erbani and Champ, the two 
back row men, took slight 
knocks in training this week 
but came through yesterday's 
light workout while Simms, 
the England centre, was confi- 
dent that his hamstring prob- 
lems are behind him. 
England's main problem how- 
ever lies just ahead 

Improvement but 
but can do better 


Welsh Rngbjt by Gerald Davies 

i -The end-of-term rugby report 
last season did not make 
jcomfonable reading. The 
staff/pupil relationship was not 
what it should have been and 
there were several cases of 
waywardness, even of truancy. 
Teachers appeared to be firm, 
too firm perhaps, and those in 
tfieir charge too set in their 

- So. what of this year? The 
class of '86 showed flair, were 
apt to make errors, some were a 
bit precocious but whose am- 
bitions tended to be held back 
by one or two who were a bit 
long in the tooth — or at least 
performed as if they might be. 

The quick ones were held 
hack by one or two plodders. 
They need a year or two to get to 
Alps with the subject but the 
.final exam, in Australia and 
New Zealand, may arrive too 
sfton. They are short on experi- 
ence. To this end the recom- 
mendation of a sharp crammers 
'-egunse. designed for better inter- 
national understanding 10 
• Australia, Italy and the South 
Seas may not be quite or the 
.-standard needed for the rigorous 
tests in the summer of *87. 

.. It would appear to have been 
.•a. season of much excitement 
•and new-found enthusiasm, but 
the -reality shows they have bred 
. no better, on the surface at least, 
•than others over the last four 
y£ars. ending up with only two 
.wans, which included the dis- 
proportionate number of 16 
-penalties and only four tries. 
.There has been talk of a freer, 
•more attacking, game yet fewer 
'tries were scored this season 
Itfaan in the last three. 

'•*Tn technical coaching 
■terms." Tony Gray, the national 
coach, says, “we did not achieve 

- what we would like to have 
achieved. We could only go part 

'.of the way. Of the five sessions 
.we had arranged for Monday 
evenings — we ignored the 
.weekends, they are too busy - 
four of them could not take 

- place because of the- severe 
■.weather. Then, when we did get 
-together, the forwards coukbn 
-do much contact work, tackling. 
' rucking and soon because of the 

frozen surface. Ground contact 
was out of the question ” ' 

But could he look back on 
some success? 

“Where we did succeed — 
Derek Quinnell and myself — 
was in transmitting to the 
players what we thought, the 
approach should be. We had to 
see eye to eye on our attitudes to 
the game. In that respect we 
succeeded. . 

“We wanted to concentrate 
on attack. We did not want the 
emphasis on defence. In retro- 
spect now. you may say that was 
folly because you could say that 
is what lei us down in the end. 
There were defensive errors 
against the French and the 
Scottish teams. But we wanted 
to get away from a negative, 
defensive attitude to the game as 
a whole. 

“What 1 am pleased about is 
the talent of some of the 
youngsters, like John Devereux, 
for example. He came on well as 
an individual player. The same 
could be said of others, each one 
had his special moment. From 
now on we need to work out a 
more collective response. 

The weaknesses were self- 
evident: the forwards. We all 
know the kind of players we now 
need. The day of the man who 
goes out on the field simply to 
scrummage is over. Of course, 
you cannot ignore that aspect of 
play but you must look for some 
extra contribution. . 

“From the selection point of 
view we felt perhaps that we did 
not want to upset things. Be- 
cause we were beginning io 
establish certain attitudes we 
did not want to upset matters by 
chopping and changing. It was a 
delicate situation. I warned a 
happy gang.” 

Gray is off to Australia on 
Monday with the Welsh Sevens 
team. He leaves behind players 
he might have liked to take with 
him. but in this case club 
commitments in the Cup semi- 
finals lakes precedence over 
national selection. The Sevens 
competition cannot be consid- 
ered all that important by the 
Welsh Rugby Union. 

Hospitals Cup faces ban 


. be- barred from Richmond Ath- 
Jctic ground as a result of 
rowdiness during and after 
j Wednesday's match between St 
Mary's and The London. A 
' broken window, a damaged war 
memorial and a stand covered 
jn. sharing foam grafilti were 

Practice makes perfect Berbizier warms up for tomorrow's 

Family honour at 
stake for Lafond 


Two major events dominate 
the French scene this weekend. 
No doubt the elections for the 
National Assembly on Sunday 
hold the pole position; however, 
a substantial section of the 
slightly cynical French elec- 
torate may disagree. 

In their redoing the Five 
Nations champions hip game 
against England, or La Grande 
Finale, as they dabbed it, is fin- 
more significant. “We had a 
television audience of jnst nnder 
10 million for our game against 
Wales in Cardiff. We expect to 
do better than that tomorrow, we 
will probably set a new audience 
record this weekend," Pierre 
Sal me, the French television 
commentator, said. 

Net since tire opening game 
- the first 
conn try to play 
against France 80 years ago — 
has a rngby encoanter created 
such a stir. Fiance are expected 
to win against England, the only 
nation to have a better record 
than the French at Parc des 
Princes since 1980. Bat that nay 
prove a handicap. 

“It's going to be a very hard 
game,” the Fkencfa captain, Dan- 
iel Dnbroca, said. “I've been on 
the losing side in 1982 and on 
the winning one in 1984. 1 prefer 
to forget the farmer game.” ' 

There is one Frenchman, 
though, for whom the recent 
scores and records ag a ins t En- 
gland have limited sfepificance. 
He wears the French jersey for 
the seventh time tomorrow and 
has never played against the 
English. However, Jean- 
Baptiste Lafond, of Racing Chib 
de France, has strong family 
reasons to do well against 
France's traditional enemy. 
Born in Paris 24 years ago, the 
young foil back-cam-wing is the 
heir of a remarkable rngby 
family of Basque origin. 

“My grandfather, Andre 
Lafond, played in the same 
position as I do for France in our 
first ever draw against England 
in 1922,” Lafond said. The ti- 
ll draw at Twickenham ended a 
16-year French famine, bat it 
took another five years before 
France recorded their first win 
against England, 3-0 at Co- 
lombes in 1927. 

The captain of that glorious 
French team was the legendary 
Adolphe Jaardgny, the man who 
replaced Andre Lafond on the 
wing. “He got injured and was 
never capped again. I feel it is 
my doty to do one better for my 

“For me the game against the 
English has a doable meaning. It 
is the final of the championship 
and I want to do weB in front of 
my own public. Don't forget I 
am the only Parisian in the 
team. Second, Pm op against one 
of the best if not the best wings 
in the world. Rory Underwood. 
That is going to be a match 
within the match. I only hope I 
get enough ball on tomorrow.” 

His own career was marred by 
a series of iqjuries. He made his 
international debut as a replace- 
ment for the iqjnred Bianco 
against the tonring Australians 
in Clermont-Ferrand in 1983, 
when he dropped a goal making 
sore that his name found the 
place in the record books. Bat he 
had to leave the field with a 
broken shoulder following a 
tackle against Australian lock 
forward Steve Williams. 

Lafond caught the eye of the 
French selectors in January 
1983 in the now defunct French 
regions championship and gave 
a glimpse of his" potential' when 
be scored a try for the Barbar- 
ians against Scotland at 
Murrayfield the following 

The niggling series of injuries 
kept him oat of the international 
reckoning for about two years 
but once back to full fitness he 
was offered a chance against the 
Soviet Union in Tolle'last May. 
He took it with both hands and 
made the touring squad to 
Argentina by a whisker when 
Bianchi dropped out injured. 

Lafond played in both Tests 
against the Pumas and scored a 
try in the first interna ti onal in 
Buenos Aires. He added six 
touchdowns against die visiting 
Japanese last October, a 
spectacular dropped goal 
against the Irish in Paris and 
two glorious tries In Cardiff. 

“I haven't washed my boots 
since the game against the 
Welsh,” be said. “I want to keep 
a bit of the land of my fathers' 
between my studs. For me the 
win at Cardiff has the ingredi- 
ents of a dream that comes true. 
I used to watch t derision in the 
seventies when Wales were at 
their best and imagine myself 
oat there scoring a try. 

“I have had rngby in my Wood 
since I was fonr or five years old. 
All the photographs since the 
age of fonr show me holding a 
rugby ball in my hands. The red 
globules of my Wood are not 
round, they have the shape of a 
rngby balL” 

Chris Thau 

King’s cap Queen’s 

School's Rngby by Micliael Stevenson 

some of the “left oven" of The 

London's victory. 

The final, famous for its flour- 
bomb fights, returned to Rich- 
mond only this season after a 
short and unhappy transfer to 
Rosslyn Park, who sent the 
students a bill for £600 after the 
final two years ago. 

The highly competitive Sev- 
ens season is underway and the 
Taunton Sevens were won by 
King's. Worcester, who needed 
extra time to edge home (14-10) 
against Queen’s, Taunton. 
MOlfield beat Plymouth College 
(26-6) in the final of the under- 
16 competition. West Backload 
comfortably won the Devon 
Sevens with a 26-10 defeat of 
Blundell's in the final and 
Warwick beat Cowley (22-18) in 
a superb final to win the Solihull 
tournament. Warwick also tri- 
umphed in the Cavendish-Cam- 
clot Sevens, beating Campion 
24-0 in the under- 1 6 final 

The Herefordshire tour- 
nament was won by Belmont 
Abbey, who beat Christ’s Col- 
lege. Brecon, 12-4 in the final 
the under- 16 tournament being 
won by Christ's. Brecon, and the 

under- 14 by King’s, Maccles- 

Two interesting Sevens events 
will be held this weekend: at 
Douai School in Berkshire on 
Sunday and at Fykle RUFC on 
Saturday and Sunday, where 
British Aerospace are sponsor- 
ing a new tournament involving 
48 schools from England. Scot- 
land and Wales. 

KJrkham GS. who plan an 
ambitious tour to Australia and 
New Zealand in 1987. have 
more immediately robbed 
Ermysted's GS. Skipion. of their 
unbeatable record. Having lost 
14-0 to Arnold SchooL Kirkham 
then defeated Ermysied 7-4. 
their points coming from a try 
by Tim Hutchings and a penalty 
by Chris Hand man. Outstanding 
For the winners was their back 
row of Nick Sinclair, David tee, 
and Michael Bailey. 


Troke keeps her cool on the treasure trail 

By 8 Special Correspondent 

land's European cham- 
Hclen Troke. is steadily 
inching the greatest 
[unity of her career. Yes- 
at ‘Wembley she beat 
‘s number two. Kimiko 
. 1 1-3. 1 1-6 to reach the 
rr-finals of the Yonex All 
id Championships for the 
:ime in a row. 
she wins today against 
“s Gu Jiaming she will 
the las* four of lhc 
inton world s most pres- 
1 tournament lor the first 

ke admits that almost any 
with China after it » likely 

to instil fear but she has beaten 
Gu twice before and says she 
feels steadier and calmer than in 
the past. 

She certainly looked it yes- 
terday. She played a safe game at 
too fast a pace for her opponent, 
except when Jinnai put up a few 
short ones early in the second 
game and Troke hit them out. 
“With a little luck she can come 
dose to winning the title,” her 
coach. 3rian Hooper, said. 

England's other number one, 
Steve Baddelcy. also readied the 
last eight, for the second time in 
a row. and plays the favourite. 
Morten Frost But the angular 


left-hander had to fight hand to 
win 11-15. IS-4. IS- 10 against 
Ardy Be mad us Wiranata. an 
extremely quick 16-year-old 
who looks to be Indonesia's 
most promising youngster since 
LiemSwie King a decade ago. 

England's number two. Nick 
Yates, twice a quarter-finalist in 
the past, nearly made it, for a 
third time as well, leading 7-1 in 
the final game before foundering 
against the rock-solid Jutlander 
lb Frederiksco. the number 
three seed, who leads the world 
grand prix points table. The 
score was 12-15, 15-5, 15-8. 

A win here would have 

opened up the tantalizing pros- 
pect ofa pass to the final in the 
weakened bottom half of the 

Richard Outterside and Mite 
Brown. English national final- 
ists in men s doubles, will not 
make it this time either. 
Ouuerside was still in his car 
while being scratched for being 
late, apparently having mis- 

taken the change of schi 

His Malaysian opponents. 
Ong Beng Teong and Rashid 
Sidek. were prepared to play but 
the All England regulations are 
probably the strictest in the 


Gilms that 

By Barry Pickthall 

With the arrival of three more 
yachts in Puma del Este at the- 
end of the third stage of 
Whitbread's Round the World 
Race during the past 24 hours, 
the dock was ticking away last 
night for the S3ft French yacht, 
L'Espritd* Equipe, now expected 
to take over the handicap lead in 

this 27,000 mile event 

The Dutch yacht. Philips 
Innovator, skippered by Dirk 
Nauia, which has been leading 
at the start to this third leg from 
Auckland, crossed the tine 
shortly before 4.30am local time 
yesteraay, setting Lionel Pean 
and his crew on L'Esprite 
d'Equipe a 2116 hour margin to 
cover the final 60 miles. 

“We were just not able to 
break away from the small 
boats.” Nauta said. “Whenever 

we were able 10 build up some 
mileage between ourselves and 
L - Esprit d'Equipe we always ran 
into calms shortly after and they 
caught up with us again.” 

The previous evening, Peter 
Blake and bis crew, on Lion 
New Zealand, expressed equal 
dissatisfaction with the weather 
when they finally reached this 
Uruguayan port 32 hours be- 
hind the stage winner. UBS 
Switzerland. “We should have 
been here by 8 o’clock this 
morning but spent the night 
becalmed." Blake said 

The strongest conditions they 
experienced had been 36 knots 
of true wind across the deck for 
just 10 minutes. “For the rest, 
conditions were rarely above 30 
knots and more often below 
20.” he said 

“Lion New Zealand could 
never cover 350 miles in the day 
like UBS Switzerland She is just 
too heavy and we have to admit 
that. This boat was built to excel 
in heavy weather but so far in 
this race we've only had one 
storm.” the New Zealand skip- 
per said before adding that they 
were lying second overall on an 
elapsed time precisely because 
they have such a strong boat. 
“We are not the fastest boat by a 
long way. Cote d'Or is probably 
fastest in a straight line but has 
been held back by damage.” 

Icebergs proved a continuous 
hazard on the long run through 
the Southern Ocean, and Blake's 
men came dose to losing one of 
their number overboard The 
unlucky man was the bowman, 
Ed Dan by, whose harness came 
apart while being hoisted aloft 
one night to free rigging and 
later dimbed down shaken but 
otherwise unhurt leaving 
watch leader Grant Dolton to go 
up and finish the job. 

After rounding Cape Horn, 
light drizzle — another dis- 
appointment — Lion collided 
.with . four ^ giant sunfish .each 
weighing two tons or more. Any 
one of which could have dam- 
aged the rudder, just as a whale 
did shortly before Lion readied 
Auckland*, at the end of the 
second stage. 

Asked what his first thoughts 
had been on hearing the news 
that his New Zealand rivals on 
NZI Enterprise had been dis- 
masted, Blake smiled and told 
us of a radio conversation with 
NZI's skipper during the second 
leg, when Digby Taylor had 
bragged about needing a bigger 
pair of dividers to measure the 
distance between them . 



Gatting’s true grit spared 
a reunion with Marshall 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Bridgetown 


the natives 

From John BaHantme 
Orlando, Florida 

Sandy Lyle. Bernhard Langer. 
Nick Faklo and Ken Brown are 
not the four musketeers, and 
there are no prizes for guessing 
which of the famous French 
quartet’s identity each would 
assume if they were, but it is 
greatiy encouraging 10 have 
these European swashbucklers 
at one's back at a tournament as 
huge and sprawling as Arnold 
Palmer's S 500.000 (£345.000) 
Bay Hill Classic here in 
temperatures above 90 degrees. 

Surely one or more of these 
Ryder Cup heroes, who per- 
formed wonders against the 
Americans at The Belfry last 
autumn, can chase tire natives 
back down the steps' of tire 
castle, or, in ibis case, along the 
fairways and greens of the 
formidable 7,103-yard par-71 

Last year. Longer and Faldo 
finished nine strokes behind 
Fuzzy Zoeller. the winner, and 
won $6,520 each, while Lyle 
ended up 20 behind mainly 
because of a 79 in the third 

A lot of water has flowed into 
the castle moat since then, Lyle 
having won the Open, of course: 
Longer, having assumed the 
Masters' green Jacket, still lead- 
ing the $2 million Vantage Cup 
and third on the money list: and 
Brown having joined them 
among the 50 leading money- 
winners. Only Faldo's sword has 
rusted over a biL but he is 
sharpening it night and day and 
should stand back to back with 
his comrades in due course. 

Lyle made the best start 
yesterday in a wind like a blast 
furnace, birdying the long first 
with a good pitch and gening 
down a 20-footer for another 
r.irdie at the fourth. He went out 
in an excellent 34 and looked set 
fora fine score. 

Brown finished first with 71 
which was a fine effort in 
difficult conditions. The Scot 
cot out in 35 with birdies at the 
fifth and sixth holes, and al- 
though he struggled a bit against 
the gale coming borne, he 
finished with a stout par-four 
over the lake at the ISth. Greg 
Norman took the early lead at 
four-under-par after 1 2 holes. 
EARLY SCORES: 72 K Anti WapMll. D A 
Wwbwig. 73: K Brown (GBJ, B Murphy. 
74: R Cocnran. 76: w Wood, E fiat 

More gotC, page 27 

The England cricketers flew 
here yesterday morning, expect- 
ing to have Mike Gatling back 
with them by tire evening. He 
will almost certainly play in the 
match against Barbados, the 
Shell Shield champions, starting 
today, as he needs to do to get 
the feel of things again before 
next Wednesday’s one-day 
international and the Third Tea 
match two days later. 

“Don’t expect anything to 
change dramatically because 
I'm there." Gatting said before 
leaving London, and no one 
wilL (t is only 3 V: weeks since his 
nose was so horribly broken by 
Marshall and he has been to 
England and back for an opera- 
tion since then. 

On the other hand, he is 
spendidly lough, and soon after 
the injury his nerve seemed 

intact. He told me then that he 
would rather it had been, bis 
nose than an arm or even a 
finger but he has been missed 
for his spint and zest for the 
fray, as well of course for his 
batting. . _ 

He will be spared MarshalTs 
immediate attentions if he plays 
against Barbados — Greenidge, 
Haynes and Marshall have all 
been given tire game off — and 
Garner, who though as captain 
has opted to play, may not give 
himself much bowling. 

With Marshall out of it. the 
game could provide the best 
chance of tire tour so far for the 
batsmen. There are some young, 
fastish bowlers in the Barbados 
side, coached by Charlie Grif- 
fith, but none with his pace and 

Politically, the first fortnight 

in Trinidad was much less of a 
hassle than had been feared. The 
crowds were better than, ex- 
pected. if not as large as they 
used to be. and by the end of the 
Test match the demonstrators 
had lost heart Nothing that & 
happened off the field in this 
respect could be said to have 
had an adverse effect 

The visit ended with an 
attempt by the manager and 
captain on Wednesday evening 
to son out certain problems of 
communication with the Press, 
aggravated by the wholesale 
vilification of Botham. 

I only wi&b I felt that those 
responsible for it had the guts of 
drew victim. They have obvi- 
ously depressed him, but if be 
and Gatting can get among the 
runs against Barbados things 
will be looking up. 

Forget raking in the shekels 
and consider the players 

Port of Spain 

We have beard educated 
guesses that Graham Gooch will 
not tow again, and we have 
heard speculation that Ian 
Botham will soon call it aday, so 
far as travelling for Fnghmri b 
concerned. One utigfce be 
tempted to throw one's hands ap 
in terror at such a thing. 
Frankly, I have every sympathy. 

There have been two Test 
matches so Ear this year. There 
are 14 — yes, 14 — to go. Three 
more here in the West Indies, 
three in England against India, 
three more against New Zea- 
land, and then off to Australia 
for five more. And Lord knows 
bow many ooe-day inter- 
nationals there will be. Surely, 
this is too much. 

We have lost the knack of 
making special occasions truly 
speciaL Once, the staple was 
county cricket, with occasional 
heady forays into Test cricket, 
Test matches were something 
magic. Now the county 
championship is conducted 
virtually in secret because all 
anyone wants to watch are Test 
matches. That is because Test 
matches are supposed to be 
speciaL The result has not been 
the production of unending ex- 
cellence. It has been to bring 
Test matches down to a plateau 
of ordinariness. The pursuit of 
excellence has, it seems, become 
a pursuit of mediocrity. 

Tate Gooch's firat-imriiigs 
knock of four balls in the last 
Test. It followed hard npon Us 
magnificat 129 in the one-day 
internatienaL There was. I am 
certain, a subtle, sneaking way 
in which he felt he had already 
dene enough. He was clobbered 
painfully on the shoulder second 
ball, played the third airily for 
-trio, and wailed a catch- behind 
with the fourth. 

This was hot because he did 
not care, bat because Test 
matches are not, for snch people, 
special occasions. An estab- 
lished England player does not 
psych himself up to dizzy 
heights- for a normal, everyday 
Test match. No, lie rods from 
match to match just Lite a coanty 
player, knowing that one dis- 
appointing day will very fikdy 


1 V 

i Simon 

1 Barnes 

the stories that are appearing 
back home that have been 
relayed to them by word of 
month. The journalists* distor- 
tions themselves are distorted. 
When you are Ian Botham — the 
most newsworthy man in En- 

bc followed by another when it 
aB goes all right. As the man 
said when he missed the bus: 
“There'll be another one along 
in a minute.” The pre s sur es of 
Test cricket are enormous, but 
they do not came from the need 
to turn it on for tire great 
occasion. The pressures came 
from the renwcselessaem of 
international cricket. 

Yon might have thought that 
three months of playing cricket 
in the West ladies would have to 
be the most marvellous fim. even 
if things did go wrong, but you 
would be wrong. Teswiis® 
cricketers soon become lonely 
and homesick. Gooch misses 
Essex, aud is doing a lot of 
worrying about his ul®, Brenda, 
who is pregnant with twins. 
Cricketers are adult men who 
are forced to five without privacy 
to the extent of sharing rooms 
for months on end. They are 
together, in tact, for three or four 
months at a stretc h . They get 
weary of travelling, weary of one 
another, weary o' cricket 
■ Anyone who thinks that mus- 
ing round the world staying at 
five-star hotels is, by definition, 
fabulous, lacks all imagination. 
The Trinidad HBton, where 
players have been for the past 
fortnight, would be a nice place 
to spend a weekend — especially 

if you could get away early on 
Sunday, ln'tbe political climate 
create*' by the and-apartheid 
deflUPStrdm, the players were 
advised to stay in tire hotel 
Their • existence is. almost 
hoauddafiy claustrophobic. 

What mates things much 
worse is the relationship with 
the Press. There is always an 
ocean of mistrust between 
sportsmen and media: when the 
two parties five so dose for so 
long, this gets worse. Of course, 
very few English papers reach 
the touring outposts. Players 
receive and pass on scanty and 
approximate information about 

Australia on top thanks 
to century by Marsh 

Auckland (Reuter) — Geoff 
Marsh, the opening batsman, 
obtained his first Test century to 
put Australia in a solid position 
at the end of the first day’s play 
in the third Test against New 
Zealand yesterday. 

Australia, who were 227 fin- 
four at the dose, dominated 
proceedings until the last half an 

hour when New Zealand- took 
three late wickets, including that 
of their captain. Border, for 17. 
Border, who scored centuries in 
each innings of the second Test, 
fished at Chatfieid. and the 
wicketkeeper, Smith, caught the 
boll in from of first slip. 

Marsh drove Hadlee through 
mid-wicket fix' three runs to 
reach his maiden Test hundred 
and his ninth first-class hun- 
dred. His century came up in 
245 minutes from 224 balls and 
included 12 fours. 

The second-wicket stand be- 
tween Marsh and Phillips, who 
was out for 62, eclipsed the 
record in New Zealaud-Austra- 
lia Tests of 141 between 
Red path and Ian Chappell az 
Wellington in 1 973-74. 

Despite losing Border, Marsh 
and Phillips late in the day, 
Australia were, fully justified in 
batting first after winning the 
loss on a pitch that gave little 
support to the bowlers. 

AUSTRALIA: First Innings 

D C Boon c Coney b Hadtae 18 

GRMorshc Cone* bHsdtoe 118 

WBPhiNpscSnwnb Braomnt — 62 

*A R Bonier c Smith b Chatftokl 17 

tT J Zoehror not out 0 

OMR*** not out 2 

Extras lb 2. to 6. nb4). 
Total (4 wkts) 

, 12 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1JS5. 2-192. 3-226, 4- 

BOWUNG; Hsdee 20-8-34-2: Robertson 
16-4-680: CtaWakl 21-8-40-1; M D 
Crow 3-2-4-0: Brecnml 31-1269-1. 




UNITED STATES: KUtonl Ateniitaten 

(NBA); PhoMx Sin 127. Mhnukoa Buoisss 

126 lamt Manta Hawks 113. New jeraoy 

Nets 977 Sacramento Kings 127. Dates 
Maveddci 120 isetj. Washington Butefx 12». 
CtomtandCavam m : Deft* Pwnna 111. 
Indiana Pacers 101: PWadelpM a 76ar> 105. 
New yam Kncks 95; Golden State Wamors 

118. Utah Jazz ill: Los Angeles CKppora 

100. Seaote Supertax** BB. „ 

LMOQES (Fiance): European Mae’e Cham* 

■ cur Cap ses£tfa*fc Ctoona Zagreb 

bt Limoges 106-95. 

OSLO: World Cap: Heirs 40km cn» 
cmmbY retoy: 1, Sweden, ihr 47nun i2-7sac 
2. ttjy. 1:47:17.0; 3. Sweden. 1:47.31.9. 




Quarter -linais: Copenhagen: Demnailt 0. I 
Englan d 1 [W ' i 

SFAMSH CUPS SemHkab, M leg: 8an» 
tonal. ABitafco da BBrno 0: Real Zaragoza 2. 
Red Madrid 0. 

BULGARIA; Rr» dHhfcOft Savd Sofia 3. 
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Spartak Pleven ft Lokomotiv Ptovotv 3; 
Chamo More 0. Oounev 0. 

CAMQ: Afafcaa NatoM 1 Cep: Qroup K Ivory 
Coast 1 . Senegal 0: final 2. MoamMtue ft 
WELSH CUR: fifth rand raptor: Barry 0 

CEHTRALUEA 8 UE: Second dhiston: Bokon 
ft autiem 0 (Wednesday! 
ft Luton 3. Sout ha mpton t. Mtol) 4. 
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Sweden. Ihr 4n*t i ansae 3. Norway, 
1:04275; ft Norway. 1M53A 


Pfc i w o w nt FMd Trophy national dub 

chaovUeiiaMn find: Queen's Chib -M 
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(Queen's Chib mm — (baft J P Snow u U 

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Amend P G Sedteook M M MeUwraoh and 

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EUROPEAN OPHI (Various venues in Wed 

Germany): ThM nwnd: J Gorrwrup (Swe) bt A 

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JOHANNESBURG: SuMMne Orate Second 

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daustrophobia gets worse - 
he has not only been coafmed to 
the Hilton, he has also been 
confined, self-exiled, to his 
room. The Press corps baa 
become for him the enemy 
within. OT coarse, the media 
made him famous, and commit- 
ted Mm to make a fortune by 
muring him g personality as 
well as a mere sportsman, bat 
yon cannot expect Botham to see 
it like that. 

Is It any wonder, then, that 
players, in descending order of 
fame and experience, hate war- 
ing, to the extent of outright 

It is fine for Les Taytor, who 
smiles delightfully and tells yon 
it is better here than on the dole. 

The releatlessness of touring, 
coupled with the inevitability of 
political troubles, has not yet 
wearied him. Botham has done it 
ML. It is not surprising, not 
surprising at aB, that he feels 
reluctant to tonr again. 

I have had the pleasure and 
privilege at joining tire tonr for a 
single leg. I have loved every 
second: betas 1 reconfirmed my 
flight home 1 am a target for 
envy. Marry of the players are 
miserable: One or two are really 
hating it. 

These tours are too tong, ** 
much too long. Cricket, over- 
anxious to rake in the shekels 
Oat only international cricket 
can provide, is lotted to the 
notion of the three-month tear. 
Wjhy? They <kuu>£ actually need 
to travel by steamboat any more. 

The 747 has been invented. It 
takes 10 hoars to get here. 
Short, sharp jet-age tears would 
make the players so much more 
content with tin loft They do. 
after all, deserve some consid- 
eration. Thro, perhaps, the tour- 
ing life of oar finest, cricketers 
might last a fittie longer, the 
tours might be more enjoyable — 
and the cricket might be more 
fan as wdL 

Five uncapped - 
players in Sri 
Lankan party 

Colombo (Reuter) — Sri 
Lanka, who were crushed by an 
innings in the first Test match 
by Pakistan and beaten 2-0 in a 
rain-affected one^day series, are 
set to make wholesale changes 
for the second Test match which 
starts today. . 

The seleciois have recalled 
the wicketkeeper, Guy de Alwis. 
and have included five un- 
capped players in a party of 14: 
Wamakulasuriya and Maha- 
nama. two batsmen who have 
been on the fringe of selection 
for some time: the fast bowlers. . 
Amalean and Kuruppua rach chi. * 
and off spinner. Anurasiri. 

The left-hander, Gurusinghe. 
who has played in one Test, also 
returns after suffering a broken 
finger in a match against the 
England B team. 


Male outstays 
Crawley to 
reach last four 

By William Stephens 

James Male, the amateur 
champion, eliminated Randall 
Crawley, the sixth seed, by 17- 
16. 1345. r5-5, 15-3 in a 
quarter-final of the Cdestion 
Open Singles Championship at 
Queen’s Club on Wednesday. 
Male, double-handed in :he 
rallies, has an intriguing sv.-le 

while Crawley, who was losing 

finalist in 1984, is a player with 
natural timing and an artistic 

The match was fast and full of 
scintillating strokeplay with lit- 
tle io separate the contestants 
initially. Crawley dominated at 
first through incisive service 
and led 7-0. 10-3, 13-9 and 14- 
12. only to lose (he first game 

level through the middle of 
the second. Crawley gained a 
lead of 10-8 and 13-10 before 
winning 1 5-1 3. He led 3-0 and 5- 
3 in the third but failed to 
register another point in the 
game and his challenge subsided 
in the- fourth as Male's tighter 
service and length gave him 

Curry challenge 

rJ“ as , J v 3 ia *- Nevada (AP) - 
Dcmaid Cuny. the undisputed 
vrenerweight champion, wilt 
cjalleage Mike, Mt&lluni for 
the Worid Boxing Association 
junior middleweight title here 
on June 23. Bob Arum, the 

promoter, said on Tuesday 

Jij -t*-*' ) sXx£> J 

' •/ * V 


***C- j 



'*■ V 






Milk Cup final 


By Stnart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Oxford United win be fed 
out for the Milk Cup final by 
the most reluctant manager 
ever to appear at Wembley. 
For most, men in charge, the 
moment when they emerge 
from the tunnel to be over- 
whelmed by a waterfall of 
noise is the fulfilment of a 
dream but not, apparently, for 
Maurice Evans. 

After his side had complet- 
ed a 4-3 aggregate victory over 
Aston Villa on Wednesday, 
Evans admitted that be 
"didn't want it this way". He 
felt uncomfortable about the 
prospect of the inevi tabl e 
forthcoming publicity. 

The reticence of Evans, who 
also claimed that he did not 
care , whether bis team suc- 
ceeded or failed, will be eased 
by the presence ofhis opposite 
number. Jim Smith, his rival 
for the day as the manager of 
Queen's Park Rangers, is a 
close friend. They happen to 
be responsible for lifting Ox- 
ford out of obscurity. 

Smith took them from the 
third division into the £rk 
and now Evans, his former 
assistant, has guided them to 
their first appearance in the 
national stadium. Although 
the rise has been almost as 
explosive as that of Watford, 
Evans is concerned that Ox- 
ford may foil down into the 
second division at the end of 
the season. 

Smith has similar fears that 
Rangers could also follow the 
path taken by both Norwich 
City, the Milk Cup holders. 1 
and Sunderland, the beaten 
finalists last season. Both con- 
cede that they would rather 
their dubs slay up titan win 
the event that is to be televised 
live m five weeks. 

No such foie win befall the 
two clubs that will qualify for 

Cup venues 

_ In the semi- finals of the FA 
Cop on April S Everton wfll pfay 
Sheffield Wednesday at V31a 
Park and Liverpool or Watford 
will meet Southampton at White 

dle FA Cup final on May 10. 
The field, belatedly reduced to 
five on Wednesday, -is con- 
fine to the top half of the first 
division* and 'includes. 
Everton, who knocked out 
Luton Town in a sixth round 
replay and are favoured to 
complete the double. 

Fixture congestion remains 
the greatest threat to their 
realistic ambitions,' and the 
injuries that they will almost 
inevitably suffer coakl also 
hurt England's World Cop 
preparations. Reid, for in- 
stance, pulled up painfully 
midway through the second 
half and left Goodison Park 
on crutches to go to hospital 
for treatment on a damaged 
calf muscle. 

Reid, challenging Wilkins 
for a place in England's mid- 
field in Mexico, is doubtful for 
Everton's game at home to 
Chelsea on Sunday. Lineker, 
who scored the lone decisive 
goal to take his total to 33 -for 
the season, Steven and 
Bracewell, all probable mem- 
bers of Bobby Robson's party, 
were all wounded by - heavy 
tackles as welL 

Sheffield Wednesday,' the 
club that stands between 
Everton . and their third 
successiveFA-Cup final* Owed 
their victory Over West Ham . 
United to two unlikely heroes. 
Worthington marked his third 
appearance in six months by 
putting them ahead and Shuts, 
credited with their winner, 
was last season playing out- 
side Die Canon league for 

3vNP ' 

The old routine: Rmnmenigge (left) is watched by Socrates 

Digest of 
and doubt 

Brazil show steel 
and their age 

From David Miller, Frankfort 

By Clive White 

Midlands move is 
pyramid shaker 

Non-League Football by PanI Newman 

The tong-expeCTEd-bte akawa y 
by a number of Midlands clubs 
from the national pyramid 
structure of non-Leagne football 
will take place at the end of tho 
season. At least 21 clubs, includ- 
ing 1 2 from the Northern Coun- 

ties East League, are lo^join the 

Central Midlands League 
which will form a “supreme 
division" to accommodate 

The move is a serious setback 
for supporters of the pyramid 
system, which links, leagues 
throughout England and is in- 
tended to provide avenues for 
ambitious clubs to progress. 

One of the faults of the 
present structure has been the 
lack of a league specifically for 
leading Midlands dubs: the 
Midlands League amalgamated 
with the Yorkshire League four 
years ago to form the Northern 
Counties East League. Several of 
the Midlands dubs in tbat 
league have been particularly 
unhappy with the amount of 
travelling they have bad to do 
frustrated with the- 

the -Central Midlands League, 
said the Football Association 
had been.asked- to. accept the 
new division as a “feeder" for 
the Multipart League, but he 
added: “We are hoping within a 
few years to he given equal 
status to . the :Multipart and 
Southern Leagues. We believe 
the Midlands deserves a league 

of that standing. We are not out 
to dismantle the 

pyramid, but 
we believe there is a largearea of 
the country not catered for Try 
the current system.” - 
Meanwhile, a potential split 
in the south-east section- of the 
pyramid appears to have been 
averted. The VauxhaU Opel 
League recently announced that 
in order to meet their quota of 
88 dubs there would be no 
relegation from tire league this 
summer. . Their four feeder 
leagues protested this would 
weaken their competitions, but 
a peace agreement was reached 
this week. No details will be 
announced until the agreement 
has been ratified by all the 
t committees. 

and are frustrated wiur uto management committees, 
failure to establish a regular • Neil Warnock. the manager of 
system of promotion into the Burton Albion since 1981, has 

Multipart League, the next level 
of the pyramid. 

The Central Midlands 
League, until now a relatively 
minor competition, announced 
their expansion plaits in re- 
sponse to the dissatisfaction and 
have so for accepted 21 applica- 
tions for membership next sea- 
son. Four teams will go mto the 
supreme division and t he re st 
will join an expanded p rem i e r 
division. ... 

The supreme division clubs 
will be Alfreton Town. Arnold, 
Borrowash Victoria. Heanor 
Town, Ilkeston Town. Kimber- 
ley Town. Lincoln United, Long 
Eaton United (all Northern 
Counties East League), Gains- 
borough Town. Skegness (both 
Lincolnshire League xearnsj. 
Rossi ngton Main (Central Mid- 
lands League). Hinckley Town 
(Leicestershire Senior League; 
and two new dubs, Kettering 
and Retford '86. Kettering will 
be a nursery club for Kettering 

resigned after the Multipart 
League club’s board of directors 
rejected his request to buy a 
player. Brian FidJer, the assis- 
tant manager, has been put in 
temporary charge. Bill Royal!, 
Burton's chairman, has also 
resigned. „ 

• Peter Wragg, the manager of 
Hyde United since 1983, has 
resigned and taken over at 
another Multipart League chib, 
Macclesfield Town. Glyn 
Chamberlain. Hyde's team cap- 
tain, has been made caretaker 
manager. . - 

To help combat the financial 
problems of the English and 
Scottish game, the Football 
Trust, with the help of the 
national bodies, have published 
a Digest of Football Statistics, 
price £5. The 63-page booklet 
contains details of attendances 
and gate receipts for all major 
competitions as well as players' 
salaries, transfer fees, iqjnies 
and disciplinary measures. 

Whether there is any useful 
information to be gleaned from 
the statistics for the benefit of 
individual clubs is questionable. 
Of the vital issues, it tells ns 
nothing new: attendances are 
dramatically down in recent 
years, the cost of watching 
football astronomically up. 

Tony Rnshbrook, a retired 
senior Government statistician 
: who prepared this first edition of 
the digest, admitted that several 
relevant details concerning 
dobs' sources of revenue other 
than gate * receipts, such as 
advertising, catering and lot- 
teries, have not been available to 
-them as yet.’ ' 

Richard Faalkner, the sec- 
retary of the Football Trust, said 
that many dubs were np to five 
years behind submitting b a lance 
sheets. % Norman Chester, the 
deputy chairman of the Trust, 
agreed tbat there needed to be a 
.way of standardizing statements 
from dobs. “There is a dob not 
a thousand mites from Oxford 
who lamp together gate receipts 
with those from transfers, which 
-is most-confusing," he said. 

But hidden among the pleth- 
ora of figures are the number of 
players earning over £60JH>0 
has leapt from two to 24 in the 
four years to January, 1985. 

There will be some educated 
guesses at the kwe individual in 
the second division at January, 
1985, who was earning between 
£50,000 and £60,000. But at 
least some figures remain 
roughly* constant, like those for 
gesticulating in front of an 
opponent taking a free-kick or 
throw-in (Scottish League). * 
Apart from those mtgentiemanly 
seasons of 1982-83 and 1983-84, 
k has remained at one. 

• The Football League have 
signed a three-year deal with 
BBC national radio, worth about 
£200,000. The contract main- 
tains radio's traditional Sat- 
urday afternoon second-half 
commentary - together with 
coverage of op to six midweek 
League games and ties from the 
new .Utdewood's Cop. 

It is hard to believe that any 
expedient and intimidatory sys- 
tem could ever extinguish the 
fires of Brazilian originality: 
enough teams have tried over 
the past six or seven World Cup 
competitions. Mercifully, as yet, 
the exceptional skills survive. 

That they went under by two 
goals, from Briegel and Aloffs in 
the first and . last minutes, in _ 
Wednesday night's so-called ' 
here at the Wald 


Stadion. was neither unexpected 
nor especially - significant. 



FA CUP: SU* mundrSheffWd WwfrM- 
Oay 2, West Han 1. SW» nwnt rap top 
Evenon l.luton 0. 

MUX CUP: SranWnafc w co n d tap; Ox- 

tod2.As*on Vfca 1. . 


SECOND OMSK** Norwich 4, rtuddera- 

oc a nui>cjy w* «« n-,-, a wasal i: 

Town and wiU share ite&Ja 

League clubs ground. Retford . 

86 will take over the ground of 

round raptajp 

the now-defunct Retford Town 
AH the clubs will be required 
to have floodlights by _ 1989. 
There will be no relegation m 
the first season, bat thereafter 
dubs will be eligible for promo- 
tion from the premier division 
provided they have suitable 




fcornmT ^seco w p ivisiom: 



Tony Goodacre, secretary of pamboft waion i. Bunw \ 


Farehun 0, Corny Z. Afcechureh S. Dudley 


toy 1. Nottingham Forest 1: Shofflaid 
limed v Blackburn. Second N vU lo ir. 
Second dhrUore Bradtad 4, Mddtefr- 
Qrougti 2: Port Vale 0, Blackpool tt 
Scumhorpe 4. Burnley 1. 

Heading 0; Portsmouth a Brighton 0. 


cum MATCHES: Bedford 7, Coventry 17: 
Sheffield 3, Fytts X\ UsraaC S4; 
AbmHery 9. Pontypridd ft Swansea 20, 
Ebbw Valia T, Bridgend 10. Guucasnr 1; 
NewttKJge 7, Tredegar ft Rouxtay 2ft 
Royal Navy 0. 


round replay; Bnmitey 2, Bradford North- 
ern 36. 

Fe8ttwrStOM24,Oew9My USbtoniHul 

10 WrQftfi 26 

SECOND DIVISION: Carlisle 32, 



considering that the lack of 
match practice and a chill night 
which persuaded the Brazilians 
to wear gloves. 

Tele Santana, recently re- 
instated as manager, had not 
wanted to come to Europe, but 
West Germany legitimately en- 
forced a previous agreement. 
Some of the implications of the. 
play were both alarming and 

Bobby Robson, one of a 
dozen international managers 
who came to study the nation 
with the most prolific produc- 
tion of natural skills, observed 
that had it been a league match, 
three men could have been sent 

Brazil, of course, would al- 
ways prefer to destroy the 
opposition with the chloroform 
of their technical wizardry, but 
when it comes to kicking, they 
can be as fierce as the rest, which 
they once memorably proved in 
the Battle of Berne against 
Hungary. Provoked now by 
German defenders, slapping 
into their backs, they returned 
the threat with fouling as 
flamboyant as their dribbling. 

Brazil bad none to blame but 
themselves when defeated, 
sadly, by Italy four years ago. 
but the referees, as ever, will 
bold a responsibility in Mexico 
which it will be surprising, 
selected as they are on geo- 
graphical representation, if they 
uphold- Agnolin. of Italy, 
booked two on Wednesday and 
it could have been six. 

Let us. however, concentrate 
on the positive elements. “Our 
football when it is good, is like 
music; it is ah emotion." Joao 
Saida aha said before the match. 
“You will not hear much 
tonight" Saldanba, now in his 
sixties, weatherbeaten as a 
fisherman, was the manager 
who colourfully prepared that 
incomparable team of 1 970, and 
who was sacked and replaced by 
Zagalo a few weeks before the 
tournament in Mexico. ' 

He is splendidly sardonic. 
Oscar, the captain and centre 
back from Sao Paulo, is no good, 
be said. Then why has he played 
61 times for Brazil, I asked? 
“That's not his fault" Saldanha 
said with a meaningful shrug. 
“Unfortunately, be has not 
learned anything yet He is like 
Jack Charlton, dominating in an 
area of a few square yards if the 
ball is coming at him. but not 
knowing what to do with it when 
he gets it" 

As much was proved in the 
first quarter of an hour when 
Germany, even without the 
injured Linbarski and V oiler in 
attack, ripped Brazil's defence to 
pieces, only Carlos in .goal and 
Mozcr remaining steady. 

"We were bound to make 
mistakes in what was a difficult 
first match after a long 
interval," he said, “but I was 
pleased with the new players." 

As Enzo Bearzot, of Italy, 
remarked, it will be a different 
Brazil under the Mexican sun, 
with 10,000 of their own 
supporters generating a tribal 
dance of drums on the te n a ce s . 

The problem for Santana may 
prove to be not so much the 
defence as the midfield, where 
Falcao and Socrates showed 
their age. Their touch and eye 
are still at times breathtaking, as 
when they called the tune for 20 
minutes before half-time, creat- 
ing the openings from which 
Muller — nicknamed after Gerd 
— and Careca could and should 
have won the match. 
Schumacher, admittedly, helped 
to prevent them. But the old 
men can now be broken by being 
run, which is what the robust 
Germans did in the first and last 
20 minutes. Brazil were some- 
times five against six in their 
own penally area. 

We saw dulls, however, which 
are without equal: yet the dou- 
ble question mark is whether 
Santana can harness them and 
the referees will provide legiti- 
mate protection- Edson, the 
Corinthians full-back, for exam- 
ple, attempted to catch a Ger- 
man forward pass dropping over 
his shoulder with his instep as 
he raced back towards his own 
goal: a technique which perhaps 
only Hoddle or Daluish in 
Britain could attempu But to a 
Brazilian it is second naiurc. 

The further Brazil go in the 
finals, the better they should 
become, one of the few teams 
with the ability to unhinge 
Uruguay, whom 1 expect to 
emerge as the form favourites. 
On this week's evidence 1 
cannot see Northern Ireland or 
Algeria getting in the way of 
Brazil and Spain in the first 
round, though Billy Bingham 
was putting on a reasonably 
cheerful face on Wednesday 

As for Scotland, they will be 
marginally encouraged by the 
report taken back by Andy 
Roxburgh, the chief national 
coach, for perusal by Alex 
Ferguson: that in midfield Ger- 
many tend to be prosaic and 
that much of their game is built 
as always on physical tenacity. 

They could be uplifted, of 
course, by Schuster. 
Rummeniggc. perhaps with in- 
side information, is saying he 
expects Schuster to be playing in 
next month's friendly with 

Beckenbauer conceded that 
after the first 20 minutes they 
were given problems by Brazil's 
individual ability — who 
wouldn't be? — and made too 
many mistakes. Yet the group 
with Uruguay and Denmark 
looks more than ever for- 
midable. Beckenbauer reflected 

ominously: “For a friendly, this 
hard, and 

was (physically) very 
it will be even harder in 
Mexico.” Heaven help us. 

• Scotland will open their next 
European Championship cam- 
paign with a home match 
against Bulgaria on September 
lOTthai will be followed by two 
away games before the end of 
this year, against the Republic of 
Ireland, on October 15, and 
against Luxembourg, on 
November 12. Scotland's 1987 
fixtures: April I. Belgium 
(home): September. 9 Republic 
of Ireland (home): October 14. 
Belgium (away): November 1 1, 
Bul^ria (away): December 2. 
Luxembourg (home). 


Sport may 

from the 


Chancellor Nigel Lawson is 
being urged to give British sport 
a major financial boost in next 
Tuesday's budget. The Central 
Council of Physical Recreation 
has put together a five-point 
plan which, it claims, “would do 
much to assist the development 
and modernization of sport in 
Britain and provide a great 
incentive for youngsters. The 
top priority is a reduction in the 
excise duty on football pools 

West German car manufac- 
turers. yesterday announced 
plans to build ineir own For- 
mula One car wiihin the next 
three years. Niki Lauda, the 
former world champion, will act 
as adviser on construction to 
BMW. who are this year provid- 
ing engines for the Brabham. 
Arrows and Benetton teams. 
BOXING: Pat Cowdell will 
challenge for the British junior 
lightweight title when he takes 
on the champion. John Doherty, 
in his first defence, at Sl 
G eorge's Hall. Bradford, on 
April 17. 

RUGBY UNION: Saracens will 
play two important home games 
at the same time on Sunday 
afternoon. The North London 
club will take on Bedford in a 
John Smith Ment Table B 
match, but since they have also 
been ordered to play their 
Middlesex Cup semi-final with 
Richmond because the final is 
scheduled for the following Sun- 
day. the dub will field their 
second team against Richmond, 
knowing that victory will guar- 
antee them a place in the third 
round of next season's John 
Player Cup. The two matches 
will be played on adjoining 
pilches at 3pm. 

Bramley forward, Steve 
Hankins, and Runcorn back 
Paul Woods, were each sus- 
pended for six matches by the 
Rugby League disciplinary 
committee yesterday, because of 
recent dismissals. Four-match 
bans were imposed on Dave 
Bullough (Fulham) and Neil 
Frazer (Workington). 

• Warrington have appointed 
their first-team coach. Tony 
Barrow, caretaker manager 
following the resignation of Reg 


Wales may not keep 

up without Jones 

By Fat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Sieve Jones has withdrawn 
from the world cross-country 
championships in NeufchiieL 
Switzerland, on March 23. be- 
cause of an Achilles tendon 

The withdrawal of Janes, who 
finished third in the 1984 world 
championships, leaves Wgfes 
with a mediocre team since 
Roger Hackney, the other top- 
class Welsh runner, was not 
considered by the selectors be- 
cause he missed the national 
championships last month for 
the fourth lime in succession. 

Jones hopes to be fit again in 
time for the Kodak 1 0km final 
in Battersea Park on April 8. 
which is pan ofhis preparations 
for the Boston Marathon later 

next month. 

Problems with selectors, the 
Scotush ones this time, have 
caused another marathon run- 
ner. Allisier Hutton, (o with- 
draw from consideration for the 
Commonwealth Games. Hutton 
feels, with some justification, 
that his third place in last year's 
London Marathon in a Scotush 
record of 2hr 9min I6sec was 
sufficient io gain him selection 
for the Commonwealth race in 
his home town of Edinburgh 
this summer. 

But the selectors have nomi- 
nated this year's London Mara- 
thon on April 20 as their trial 
race, which Hutton feels is too 
dose to the Commonwealth 
Games for him to do himself 
justice. But he has dedded to 
run in London in an attempt to 
get one of the two places on the 
British team for the European 

Championships tn Stuttgart, a 
month after the Commonwealth 

Another area of vexation in 
British athletics recently has 
been how to reduce the overall 
amount paid out to athletes, 
which resulted in a British 
Amateur Athletaic Board 
tBAAB) loss of £ I tjO.OOO last 
year, and how to make those 
payments equitable, in the wake 
of the £90.000 paid out to Zola 

But the BAAB's attempts to 
restructure payment on an 
objective basis of world 
rankings has brought criticism, 
focused on ja'dm thrower*. 
Tessa Sanderson an d Fauma 
Whitbread, getting £10.000 pfcr 

The International Athletes 
Club 1 1 AC), who maintain that 
ihc* have had “a flood of 
complaints” from their mem- 
bers because of * hat they see as 
ihe anomaly of the payments :o 
the two women, released their 
own suggested subvention plan 
yesterday, which they will use 
for their grand prix meeting .on 
August 8. 

However, since there is an 
overlap of IaC administrative 
membership on the committee 
of the Southern Counties AAA. 
who administer the Peugot Tal- 
bot Games, the IAC are also 
hoping that their plan will lye 
adopted for the other grand prix 
meeting in Britain. 

In the lAC scheme. Sandereoo 
and Whitbread would receive 
£2.400 and £2.100. respectively. 


Proper credentials; 

By John Hennessy 

The Roehampion Gold Cup. 
a traditional harbinger of spring 
in women's golf has attracted a 
strong field for today's com- 
petition. over two rounds. Un- 
like the Avia foursomes next 
week, it has kept its doors open 
to professionals and has there- 
fore suffered less from defec- 
tions among the amateurs. 

Even so. the holder. Vicki 
Thomas, remains an amateur, 
and she has an interesting 
playing companion today in 
Shirley Lawson, from Stirling 
University. Miss Lawson was a 

member of the Ladies' Golf 
Union's training team last au- 
tumn and is therefore clearly' a 
candidate for promotion. ■ .* • 
Catherine Pamon and Mickey 
Walker form another pairing 
with impressive credentials/. ■ 
Mary McKenna and Maureei) 
Garner (nee Madill). an all-lri&h 
all-amateur partnership, wjll 
similarly attract attention. .Id 1 
gether with Jill Thornhill, a 
former British champion, and 
Patricia Johnson, holder of the 
English amateur maich-play and 
stroke-play titles. - , 


Action in the old town hall tonight 

An unbeaten Oxford this 
season start favourites on their 
own ground ai the 76ih annua! 
University match at Oxford 
Town Hall this evening. The 
event was a sell-out more than a 
week ago. Both sides contain 
three Blues, including the cap- 
tains: J R Morgan. Oxford's 
light middleweight and S J 
Wilson. Cambridge's light 

Oxford look to Mack and 
Diggie. their lightweight and 
light welterweights, to help give 
them an early lead. There is a 
particularly interesting welter- 

By Jim Rail ton 
weight bout when Duggan, 
Oxford's 19-year-old. meets 
Gorry Cambridge's 34-year-old 
student, while Duggan's, 
brother Simon, meets Yorke. of 
Cambridge, in the light heavy- 
weight contest. So often in the 
past the event has been decided 
the last bouL If this is the case 


'ainwrighi. of Cambridge, will 

meet Vahdati. a potential Ox- 
ford athletics Blue, in the 81kg- 
plus class. 

BOOTS. ^tWcyd names Srst): Feetlwr- 

weighr P D Rattskul (Loreno and St 
Jonn sl v B N Habib (Rugby and Robin- 
son): Light *C T Meek (Leeds GS and 

PembroVa) v V O AdenlJI (Merchant 
Taynr s. Nanrmood ana Pemecoaj. 
Lflhi watter $ C Diggie (Friary Grange. 
Ucht&a and Sr Peter s) v s J WAson 
(Kng Eflwatd. Lyttiam ary] Emmanuel): 
Waiter R J A Duggan (St Edward’s. Ware 
u ana Magaaien) » P Gorry | Ealing and 
WoUson). ugw mmcre: 1C J fl Morgan 
(Kmgs. Worcesrer. and Balkoi) v*/Q S 
Gmetnar (Wmcn ester ana Pemoroke): 
Miaae (It HA Morgen i Armoury GS arid 
Worcester) vFG Lucas (Si Paul s and St 
John s). Middle- (2) T J Jamas (AsnwHie. 
Harrogate ana Balhoq v M K Churchman 
(Stonenam Comprehensive and King si. 
Liont heavy- R s Duggan (Si Edmund s. 
ware ana Herttoro) v S C Yoike (East- 
bourne ano Magdawne), Heavy: A J* 
Vahdati (CXion and St Peter sj v *R. I 
WMnwdght (Oenaimond and Mag- 



go for 
new faces 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The great day in the English 
women's calendar is almost 
upon us. for tomorrow England 
play Canada at Wembley 
Starfium. England have a new 
captain. Barbara Hambjy. With 
SO caps, she has had great 
experience at home and abroad 
since her college days at Chelsea 
CPE in 1976. She now plays for 
Warwickshire and Midlands. 
There are two new caps. Sue 
Williams (Buckinghamshire) 
and Lynn Bollingion (Essex), 
and three who have played just 

once for England. 
iT i 

Canada. iT they are not worn 
out. should be fighting Ol They 
arrived on February 10 and 
have since played 17 matches. 
They have toured in Ireland, the 
North of England, played in the 
Home Countries' B toumamenL 
toured in Wales and Scotland 
and ended with two matches on 
T uesday and Wednesday in the 
Midlands. They have won nine, 
drawn iwo and lost six. 

Their hockey is serious but 
fun and the improvement since 
they first played together in 
Ireland is very* marked. They 
have great ability, if only they 
can put it together in front of 

The semi-finals of the Wales 
National Clubs championship 
will be played this weekend. 
Tomorrow at Newbridge. 
Penarth play Cwmbran, and on 
Sunday. Swansea play Wrex- 
ham away. Cwmbran have a 
strong team of experienced 
county players while Penarth. 
who have won the champion- 
ship five times, have a young 

Philip Nicksan on the brave new world of a judo champion 

Now the warrior queen is fighting for herself 

Few contemporary women 
could be said to resemble more 

closely the Amaron qvM 
Hippolyte, than the Belp*n 
world judo champion, Ingnd 
Berghmans. Certainly, *** to0 * cs 
the pert. She stxndsalmje ^ 
six feet tall yet ts slim, 

powerful arms and tep»a*rt b» 

sharp blue eyes art framed by 

wild blonde hair. - . 

Bat what is eren more 
is the BQQueachabfe 
spirit that has taken her to >a 
iota) of four world airf foreo 
European titles m the "TOT 
ttively young 

tory qf womens LSS 

wan he** first world ®lc at !”• 

“When 1 was young.- J *** 

. -irii th» rmvc 

always running with the boys 
and fighting * w *’ 

in ■•gut— » with them." ^ 

This ' (banting, attribute is 
highlighted by the fact that 
Miss ffoighmans. performs best 
not ia her own light heavyweight 
category but m the opea weight 
section, although she holds both 

W Hseemsth« the challenge of 
facing the mammoths cm 
women's judo brings out the best 
in her. This tws rarely more 
evident than at tiie tet w«w 
championships in Vienna in 
1084 . when she faced a -htt# 
Chinese chrl who stood at oft 4m 

SKSS owr I* kilos, nearly 
twice Miss Reighmaas s *wht 
got with ft determined cry. 

Berghmans swept away her 
opponent's feet and very nearly 
armlocked her into the bargain. 

Her stngte-awdedoess is 
illustrated in another way this 
weekend when she fights in the 
women's European champion- 
ships at Crystal Palace, for all 
has not been well with Miss 

Berghmans- In. iact, she has 
. more than once considered turn- 

ing towards a celluloid cares- to 
which, in christening her, her 

parents obviously aspired. 

Last you*, on two separate 
occasions, she bad the mis- 
fortune of tearing ligaments and 
cartilages in both knees in 
competition (which did sot stop 

her carrying on and winning) 

and spent most of the time. 

hobbling aroond on walking 


Although she has been back 
on the practice mat for a couple 
of months, rodpdin$ four weeks 
in England training with 
Britain's Neil Adams at the 
Bndokwai, she knows, she is 
physically not yet ready for a 
major intern? tioiiaL “1 started in 

judo when I was nine, and since 

then I have been quite fncky with 

injuries, although I have broken 

toes and had to have a metal pin 

pot in my shoulder. But I had 

never beat oat for a whole year 

**And with the world 
championships in Maastricht in 

October — just 40 utiles from my 

home town of Leopoldsbnrg 
most know where 1 am In terms 

of competition. This weekend, I 
am not fighting for a European 
title; 1 am fighting for myself." 

it is a courageous decision, not 
least because her distinctive 
style, a determined upright 
stance featuring fierce right- 
handed attacks, is perhaps the 

best known of aD the inter- 

national stars, and Miss 
Berghmans had hoped to de- 
velop something new for this 
important year. 

~It is too lale now to do that, 
and I can only use what I have 
got already." But it would not 
pay for opponents to regard the 
undisputed warrior queen of 
judo, who has earned grudging 
respect from the Japanese, as an 
easy target. 

Berghmans: gloss on the mat 


Scots drop 
six for 
new look 

By Pan! Harrison 

For Scotland, the matches 
against England this weekend 
are the high point of an inter- 
national season that contains 
very little else. For England they 

are an important stepping stone 

on the way to the Spring Cup. 
which the Scots habitually are 
too poor to attend. 

All the more reason, then, for 
the Scots* fierce pride — not to 
mention a certain amount of 
resentment — to surface this 
weekend. The men's teams meet 
in Scotland, tomorrow in 
Glenrothes and on Sunday in 
Linwood; the women play in 
England tomorrow at Leicester 
and on Sunday in Halifax. 

Last year. England's men won 
both matches narrowly. This 
year, the Scots have named six 
uncapped players in a new-look 
squad, saying goodbye in the 
process to two much-capped 
stalwarts. Kenny Barton, setter 
and former captain, and Ronnie 
Hamilton, the first Scot to win 
100 caps. 

The Scots have restructured 
their training programme and 
have also enlisted the help of 
John Syer. a sports psychologist. 

Both the English coaches. 
Andrew Lowcznowski (men) 
and Barry Swann (women) are 
coming to the end of their four- 
year terms. Both have tried to 
bring forward young, improving 
squads against a background of 
inadequate preparation time. In 
terms of international credibil- 

ity England are standing stilL 
“Every bod' 

iy else out there is 
working harder than we are." 
Lowcznowski said. 



730 unless stated 

Third division 

Brentford v Bolton 


Fourth division 

Colchester v Mansfield 
Halifax v Wrexham 
Hartlepool v Stockport (7.45) 


CLUB MATCHES: BrtsttS v Plymouth 
(7.15L Leuesm * RAF (7 151. 

v Scotland (BeffleU. Ououn. 3.0). 


BADMINTON: Yonev AH England Open 
cnarnpon snips fai WemUey AiftnaV 
GOLF: RoelramptOrt Ud*s Goo Scratch 
Cna fenqc Cup 

RACKETS: Ceteston Bntsh Open (at 
Queen s CiuD. West Kensington). 
SQUASH RACKETS: Bedtorgstwa Qpsn 
(at Mihcoun QuO. FHwck) 

HOCKEY: Women: Inter-Sarvices 
cnampionstiip (at (jnuad SanncBs 
Ground. Ponunoutn. 10-30). 

we must 

By Conrad Voss Bark ^ 

A publicity handout from. 'a 
leading publisher on a new 
fishing boob claims fbar among 
other virtues the book clears 
away the myths of angling 
folklore. The claim is rather 
surprising. Presumably we are 
supposed to give two cheers-* at 
the thought of our myths befog 
cleared away, but the fact is*iris 
very* doubtful if we would. 

If there was anything that 
might put us off buying the book 
it would be the thought that 
some of our treasured illusions 
could be at risk. Mythology and 
fishing go together as amicably 
as eggs with bacon, and to have 
one without the other 
to deprive life of a good deal of 
its savour. • **. i 

It is certain that no aspect of 
fly fishing is as enjoyable- as 
those which have a good, firmly- 
based. and well established 
myth or two to keep us company. 
We do not wish to believe 
otherwise than that an east wind 
will blow the fly out of the fish's 
month, that thunder puts ihe 
fish down, that heavy rain, light 
rain, a poor light on the water, 
especially' during the time of rfte 
fnl! moon, art ail to our dis- 

It would be a sad day that 
restrained us. on arrival at 'the 
river, getting out of the c& 
shading our eyes, looking at the 
sky. examining the water, 
watching whether cows are graz- 
ing with their heads to the wind, 
their hacks to the wind, or lying 
down, and delivering a solemn 
and deeply considered opinion 
on the prospects. 

The mythology extends wider. 
It is rampant among ghillies and 
water-keepers, especially Scot- 
tish ghillies. There are those 
who believe that lly hooks must 
never be sharp< and those «*ho 
believe they most never be 
anything else; and those who 
believe (hat a small single is tut 
infallible hooker of big salmon 
and those who will have nothing 
w baferer to do w ifh them: and as 
for the partem of fiv there are as 
many opinions as there are stars 
in the galaxies. 

Those who write books on 
fishing, or those who write the 
publicity for them, must he 
aware of a farther hazard. .If is 
all very well claiming to have 
swept away some of the mylhs of 
fishing, but the process nec- 
essary to do so will certainly 
create new ones. ; - 









? y ' 
































Dawn Run — first lady of Cheltenham 

A gladiatoral salute of tri- 
■ umph by John O'Neill at the 
winning post in the 1986 Tote 
Cheltenham Gold Cup an- 
: nounced to the ecstatic thou- 
. sands of watchers that Dawn 
Run had become the first 
horse to land the double of the 
Champion Hurdle and the 
Blue Riband of 

“She made several mis- 
takes. but I can’t remember 
•where or when. I thought we 
were beat at the last but she 
picked up again on the run-in. 
She’s got so much guts. That 
was the happiest moment of 
my lire," said the jockey. 

After both the 33-year-old 
former champion and 
Charmian Hill, the 67-year- 
old owner of the favourite, 
had been lifted high in the air 
by a band of jubilant Irish 
supporters, O'Neill scofTed at 
the thought of retirement. “If 
'Dawn Run comes back here 
..for the next three Gold Cups. 
I’ll be with her," he said with 
his infectious chuckle. 

Nor did the crowd forget 
Tony Mullins, the trainer's 
son, who has ridden Dawn 
Run to several big race wins 
but who was replaced on this 
occasion because of O'Neill's 
greater experience. The Irish 
jockey was also carried round 
' .the unsaddling enclosure to 
roars of encouragement from 
the serried ranks of spectators. 

That dauntless feather- 
weight. Mrs Hill, who was 
banned from race riding by 
the Irish Turf authorities at 
. jfie age of 63. readied the heart 
’ Of the matter and explained 
; the reason for one or the most 
famous victories in the history 
; of the winter game, when she 
said afterwards: “1 had a 
marvellous view but thought 
we were done for at the last. 
'.Not only is she courageous, 
she also stays so well." 

And at the end of the day it 
was Dawn Run's bottomless 

By Michael Seely 

stamina that foiled the brave 
efforts of both Wayward Lad 
and Forgive 'n' Forget in that 
dramatic battle up the endless 
final hill. 

Dawn Run just lives for 
racing. The early front-run- 
ning duel between the 
favourite and Run And Skip 
had the crowd on tiptoe with 
excitement as they passed the 
stand with a circuit still to 

The final pattern of the race 
took shape at the fourth fence 
from home when Dawn Run 
made the last of her several 
errors. Run And Skip went for 
home, followed by Dawn Run, 
Wayward Lad. Forgive 'n' 
Forget and Righihand Man. 

O'Neil! drove Dawn Run 
back into the lead at the 
second last But as the runners 
raced for the final jump. 
Graham Bradley unleashed 
the burst of finishing speed 
that had already won Way- 
ward Lad three King George 
VI Chases. Forgive 'n' Forget 
was also launching a strong 
attack under pressure on the 
outside of this pair. 

A noted bearded Irish punt- 
er. who had placed £28.000 on 
Wayward Lad at 10-1. took 
two drags on his cigarette as 
the northern challenger went 
clear halftoay up the run-in. 
But as O'Neill forced the 
favourite back in front to win 
by a length with Forgive ’n’ 
Forget finishing 2 1 /* lengths 
away third, he gently trod on 
the butt and said: "That's 
racing for you." 

Run And Skip finished 
fourth, followed by Righihand 
Man and Observe. Combs 
Ditch was out of the race when 
he was hampered and pulled 
up after the fourth fence from 
home. Von Trappe, 
Cybrandian and Earls Brig 
also failed to complete the 

Monica Dickinson, thrilled 
by the performance of the 


Going: good to soft 

2.0 NEWLEAF NOVICE riUROLE (Div 1:4-Y-0£6S&2m) (19 runners) 


BCtartaH Moore 11-0 

— R Row® 
— PScudamora 
G Chartes-Jones 

H Davies 


. 107 3P RBID Adorn N J Henderson 11-0 S Smim Ecdes 

109 « HIGH FOREST (TEgeiiari)N A GuelM 114 ... VM-J*®vrtt 

111 0 OflCVTjG Saunderal A Moore U-C — tessCto<we(7) 

112 KAMfUSE (Lady Hams) A P Janrts 11-0 KBuaepj 

113 KARAKTB? REreHSItX (Mrs M Jarvis) A P Janra 11-0 TJaiv&(4) 

114 03 LJNFASTfBJfE Lodge) JPerretn 1-0 — 

115 LOCH BLUE (R CraSe) S L Dow 11-0 — 

117 MUSICAL MrSTER (D Dunsdon) J T Gittord 11-0 R Row® 

119 00PP OXS BOY (N Spnsadbury) DA Wilson 11-0 PScudamora 

120 0 PEATFOLD (Mrs WTJlodilS Molor 11-0 G Chartes-Jones 

122 F0 OTAR THEME (USA) (BF) [D RoxtMDtyR Akohurtt 11-0 H Dawes 

■124 40 WEAiJUmoaigswoodKtthewLfllRG Frost 11-0 JFrow 

127 04400 WALMBt SANDB(USA1 (Mrs C Welch) JL Spearing 11-0 — 

128 00 WHOEVER (PWMamsJDH Barons 114. ... PNictwHs 

129 00 YOUNGSTER <B)(L Sender) FT Whiter 11-0 BdeHaan 

100-30 fti. 9-2 Urtfast 5-1 Crimson Bold, 7-1 Youngster. 15-2 Star Itwm#. 8-1 Walnier Sends, 

. 17-2 Sundries. 11-1 Denboy, 15-1 High Forest 20-1 others 

Lingfield selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Youngster. 2.30 Canio. 3.0 Corvina. 3.30 Buckhom. 4.0 Owen's 
Pride. 4.30 Oryx Minor. 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.0 Amhall. 

2.30 BMW SERIES CHASE (QUALIFIER) (£3£87£m) (10) 

■ 202 3-00031 CAMO(D LadtnmsIRJ Hodora 9-11-6 

203 4/OPOO-3 COYOR (USA) (B Chanters) HE Btakeney 6-1 1-6 

; 206 00FD OREY COTE (NZ) (Mis L Wteon) R G Fioa 6-1 1-0 

209 FD-P004 MORTON THE HATTER (F HO) A Moore 10-11-6 

B Rowel 

Judy Btakeney 

J Frost 

— JAkehurai 

UU- CONTRARY LADY (M Weston) MH Weston 6-1 1-9 Mr 

U1 JESSJWlMts ACamobefflMrs ACsmbel9*1l-9 

mm! OVWGTON COURT IMosSChamdte) . „ 


History in the making: Dawn Rnn (right) jmnps the second last alongside Wayward Lad (left) and Rnn And Skip on her way 

to a memorable Gold Cap triumph (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

runner-up. said: “At least no firet prize money. Dawn Run from home, the second linnmirc ljcf 

CRIMSON BOLD (Mrs NLangraadlJRJaiUtt n-0 — 

CRQRE (J Cnnsmus) R P Hoad li-O — _ M Hoad (7) 

DENBOY(M Cotes) B Slovens 11-0 JH Davies 

210 442213 MR CANDY (C-O) (A Moore) A Moore 7-1 1-6 H Davies 

216 2-U4000 STEH. YEOMAN |Mra H Atoen) J T Grttori 8-1 1-6 R Rowe 

219 B2-3FFP ULAN BATOR (Mrs 0 Jackson) F T Winter 9-11-6 — 

222 212/013 DROM LADY (BF) (F Kaggas) N A Gasetoe 7-11-1 VMcKown 

223 F232U2 EVETWG SONG fkfcs PTbwnster) Mrs PTownatey 7-11-1 ... C Warren 

224 40022U MAJUBA ROAO (D Wnght) D H Barons 6-1 1-t PNcIraBs 

7-2 Mr Candy. 5-i Diom Lady. 6-1 Canto. 7-1 Mjyte Rond. 8-1 Evening Song. 9-1 Ulan Bator. 
KM Steel Yeoman. 14-1 Coyor. 16-1 takers 


301 1/40404 JACK OXANiEWi (C-D)|K Condom P D CuncM 11-12-0 H Rowe 

302 2FOOUO TDPORl (Dig Pwtoyi s Woodmen 7-11-13 R Byrne (7) 

303 O-tMOOP OOLOORATION (OWN Upson) PN Upson 11-11-12 RG Hughes 

305 21-302U THE GOVERNOR (B)(FR)fJ Bostock) J H Jenkins 7-11-12 — ■ 

306 PPPOO-P CHARJW|CKD)iAMoorei A Moore 8-11-10 JAhehuret 

307 000080 HIGH HEAVEN (D)|A Moore) A Moore 8-1 1-10 Miss C Moore (7) 

308 12U-00F FIRE CWEFTAtti (D) IMss 5 Condy) M Maflgwick 911-10 AMadgxfck 

309 300103 FLQRI WONDER (p) IG WeeOOfi) J O Daws 8-11-8 G Haver (7) 

310 3200/00 MISTER LUCKY |B)(C-D) (Mrs Piowndey) 

Mis P TOwnstey 9-11-7 C Warren (7) 

312 004-000 HERE’S THE DOC fl» (J Bnoger) J J Bndgei 8-1 1-6 — 

313 QP04-P0 SPIKEY BILL miGFiSSnonsjGGGracay 9-11-4 ___ Mss Z Davison 

315 000 1 KEN(B Donan) W J MussanB-11-3 _ CSmtJi 

316 0-00200 CHAIN OF REASONING (USA) (Miss U Rettonenl R G Frost 12-11-3 JFtast 

317 001042 ALEX CHOICE (Mrs M Bevem Mis M Beuan 7-11-2- — 

318 0040-14 CARFLAX (USA) ra)(MComwugh»n)G A Ham 8-1 1-1 SMacfcay(7) 

319O1PI0FP- SUMMEROOVE (C-OHK HgsonjA Moore 10-11-1 —. — MRacMuds 

320 023430 C0LDHARB0UR LAD (E Boever) E L Beever 5-11-1 — P Guest (4) 

322 0-21200 BELL HOP iC Ham) G A Ham 10-1 14 BPoweB 

333 43Or01O CORVINA (R Ctewrej B St were 6-114 JH Dawes 

324 310300 CALMACUTTERID) (Mrs V Judd) C James 9-1 14 - — — 

328 1»®80 KENO HI4. (DJ (Mrs Q Davtsom A R Dawson 11-10-13 .... — 

327 430-OOF CAUSOLON (C-O) (GMacnefl Pat Mattel 12-10-13 W Sands 

329 000000 TESTING TIMES (PSA) (Mbs S Waterman) 

Miss S waterman 8-10-12 Mss 5 Waterman (7) 

330 082F30 PLASH (BKCAN) (D Lodw) G B Baking 10-10-12 ACnamon(7) 

4-1 Cham o» Reasoning. 5-1 The Governor. 6-1 Rash. 13-2 Ran wonder. 7-1 Alex Ghana 8-1 
Cardan. 10-1 Kara HA 12-1 High Heaven. t4-i Bell Hop. 16-1 others 



4X2 U- BUCXWWN iR Buchlei) R H Budder7-190 — . MrRBuckter 

404 GIPSY JACXO(A Corp) A HCorp9-l24 MrACorpm 

405 I GOT STUNG U DotohooXe) J SM3lxx*e 6-124 -■ MrA Hd (7) 

*406 QP3/F-U KINGS WAGER IM WhaUeyi M C WhaOey 16-124 Mr C Whatley (7) 

406 0P3/F-U KINGS WAGER |M WhaUeyi M C WhaOey 10-124 Mr C Whatley (7) 

408 FFPDIF3- MUSSEL KDIH Hodge] HB Hodge 9-124 — 

409 043P/P3- PAM ROY LAD (R O Suftvanl R J O Sufcan 9-124 r;-_-y-: — — 

410 Q/ RTVSt SAINT (B Bytord) B Bylord 10-12-0 M'SAiWrewsm 

412 TOM BOHBADIC (Mrs G DamimB) Mrs G DagweB 9-124 — MrDMarteyQ 

413 UU- CONTRARY LADY (MWesron)MH Weston 9-1 14 Mr M Weston (7) 

Mss S Champion 10-114 Mfis S Champnn (7) 

ait o/4- HOMAClNA(J Mooney) JT Mooney 6-114 — Mr J Mooney (7) 

All 33406- JOAN ADDISON |M ftpen^aVnerJM BO-Palmef 5-11-2 — 

7.2 Astrosvn 5-1 Comrary Lady & Buck nom. 6-1 Gcs Stung. 7-1 Qp^Jacfco, 9-1 Kmgs Wager. 
1IM Pamnoy Lad. 14-1 Mussel Bed. 16-1 others 

4.0 NEWLEAF NOVICE HURDLE (Div 2£68S2m) (19) 

'em D ARNHALLIBF) (A SMUncuNJ Henderson 114 ... SSmah&des 

501 0 ARNH AULIBF ) (A StrUng i N J Henderson 114 .. .-._S Snwti fcdes 

mi 320004 CHARLESTON GEORCT BXUSA) (0 Stt*eg) D C Jermy 114 G0W 

00 GAELIC |Mrs M Jams) A P Jarws 11-0 — 

.™ 000 GAHBART MUSA) (M Jaye) 8 Stew« s 114. JH Dawn 

Sn UmE0«WK5(EeeMM>ELBw9B!l14 P Quesiffl 

-111 00 MACS GOLD iMreRHewurn) l M Dudgeon 114— — MRoards 

In —is-ewi 

• 0 SON OF LAVSdUU® (Mre J Ncolates) J R Jenfcva 1 14 — T«»on(7) 

oi tea STANWOOOBOY(H«MtteFm™caLid)WJMiiS3on1l4— -CSmth 

W U STBWE(Wl(MreWTLtocti|SM*>rlim GCheriesJones 

™ TOOA FORCAAVANTIjC EnresiA R Dawson 1l4 — ■ — 

5» « WETS WARRIOR (W (^eyiGAHam 1 14 ***** 

W7 0 BLABTS WBWe(MraDBdta)) Pat Much* 164 -W Sands 

33 TAME DUCHESS (A Taytor) A Moore 104 ■ JAkShurat 

•w, Starwood Boy. IOMONOM TOO Dear. 94 Amhaii. 6-1 Owns Pnde.8-1 SanmsRawwd, 
AM Mamtorfw-1 OarlestonGwrga 16-1 others 



Haynes 7-11-J- HROwe 

...... T Gibson (7) 

P Doub% 

Mss C Moore (7) 

I ._ .. Mr P Duggan 

B-104 — — 

S Srwth Ecoes 




HoenesiC Rotmes 7 -iim K bwm (4) 

»*Orow%M(IE»iel 7-104 — - WSands 

s PUH/P JUMQR TRUSTEE (A Baa DC Jenny 7-104 GOM 

oAMMiXimaKer- 11-2 RtafMmea. 6-1 OwMmor. 7-1 QudeANghi 8-1 The Nub. 10-1 Senor 
^na^WHiara. Casts OHoai. 14-1 EvcoCAOus. Makstreno. 16-1 others 

runner-up. said: “At least no 
one can say that Wayward Lad 
doesn't like Cheltenham any 
more." Bradley was even 
more emphatic. “If Wayward 
Lad had been able to have a 
race between today and the 
King George, he would have 
won by three lengthsrdaimed 
the jockey. 

Jimmy Fitzgerald, the train- 
er of Forgive ’o' Forget, was 
philosophical in defeaL “I've 
no complaints. We were beat- 
en by a better horse,” he 

Dawn Run will travel over 
to Liverpool for the 
WhUbreqd Gold Label Cup. 
“She's only eight and has got a 
lot of racing life in her yet,” 
concluded a jubilant Mrs Hill. 
With £247,344 to her credit in 

Canio can 
his rivals 

By Mandarin 

Canio, who has taken well to 
chasing, can vindicate the de- 
cision of his trainer. Ron 
Hodges, to miss the National 
Hunt Festival by winning ir.c- 
BMW Series Qualifier at 
Lingfield Park this afternoon. 

With. Canio having already 
won the Coral Golden Hurdle 
Final at Cheltenham two years 
ago. Hodges must have been 
tempted to saddle him for 
yesterday’s Sun Alliance Chase, 
despite his inexperience over 

However. Hodges took him 
out of that htghly-compeiitive 
event at the overnight- stage to 
wait for this comparatively easy 
race and that move should pay 
dividends both in terms of 
today's prize and the nine-year- 
old's future. 

Canio made his chasing debut 
at Ling fie Id's mid^January 
meeting and jumped well to 
finish third to Oregon Trail, the 
subsequent Arkle Trophy win- 
ner. over a distance much 100 
short for him. 

.4 week later, at Taunton. 
Canio reaped the benefit of that 
Lingfield outing when again 
jumping wdl and outstaying a 
fair field over three miles and a 
furlong — a much mote suitable 
trip for him. His stamina should 
again prove decisive this after- 

Ulan Bator is a far better 
horse than his recent farm 
figures suggest and should make 
up into a fair chaser in time. 
However, even if he puts in a 
clear round today 1 would not 
fancy him to beat Canio over 
. this distance. 

Fred Winter. Ulan Bator's 
j trainer, should enjoy better luck i 
! in the first division of the 
Newleaf Novices' Hurdle with 
Youngster, who has run with 
promise in better company on 
both his hurdling starts. 

Youngster won three races on 
the Flat for Peter Walwyn last 
year and shaped well on his 
hurdling debut behind The 
Footman at Chepstow in 
December. He failed to stay 2 Vi 
miles in Ibn MajerTs race at 
.Ascot in January but the return 
to two miles and the less testing 
opposition should enable 
Youngster to get off the mark at 
the principal expense of Fib. 

Nicky Henderson, who trains 
Fib. saddles Amhall in the 
second division and he seems 
sure to improve on his promis- 
ing debut when ninth to Brunico 
at Sandown Park. However. 
.Amhall finished some way be- 
hind Owen's Pride (fourth) in 
that race and I expect the form 
to be confirmed. 

Henderson should fare better 
at Wolverhampton where he 
could win both divisions of the 
Marston Novices' Hurdle with 
Baby Sigh and Broken Wing. I 
am particularly sweet on the 
chance of Baby Sigh, who won 
firsi time out on the Flat in 1 984 
when trained by Mark Prescott. 

Baby Sigh would have repre- 
sented the stable in yesterday's 
Triumph Hurdle but the freeze 
prevented Henderson getting a 
run into him and he was 
eliminated at the overnight 
stage. He has schooled excep- 
tionally well over hurdles and is 
napped to beat some modest 

Philip Mitchell's runners at 
Fa ken ham always ment respect 
and he should take the first two 
races there with Billion Boy and 
Longcross- Mitchell runs 
Garfuitkcl in the SwafTham 
Handicap Chase but this useful 
novice may find the course 
specialist. Prince Carlton, a 
tough nut to crack. 

Another trainer with bright 
prospects of landing a double at 
Fakcnham is Peter Davis who 
has made two useful ac- 
quisitions from Josh Gifford's 
yard in Spiders Well (3 IS) and 
Streamliner (3.45). 

nrsl prize money. Dawn Run from home, the second 
is now the richest prize-money favourite was overtaken by 
earner in history having col- Attitude Adjuster whom the 
lecied over £40.000 more than veteran Irish amateur, Ted 

lecied over £40.000 more than veteran Irish amateur, Ted 
yesterday's gallant runner-up, Walsh drove dear to win by 
Wavward Lid. two lengths. 

O Neill went on to complete Another fantastically suc- 

a double when riding Jobroke cessful National Hunt Festival 
10 a three-length win over endedonanoteoftriumphfor 
Taelos for Peter Easterby in Fred winter when Half Free 
the County Hurdle. The six- an( j Simon Sherwood proved 

(Dawn Run); S 

year-old landed one of the loo svrong for The Mlghty 
gamWes of the meeting, hav- Mac Bradley in the 
mg been 1 backed from 12-1 to Cathcan Challenge Cup. 
favouritism at 6-1 by his - _ . 

asiuie connections. D - WO i! 

As always the Christies J 112 , a “ b J™**' 

Foxhunier Challenge Cup pro- ^ ,n l, nd® 1 " Pj® ' 

Peter Scudamore won the 
Ritz Club Charity Trophy for 
the leading rider of the meet- 

duced an exciting race. After j”® - Steve Smith-Ecdes 
Mi.ctpr TVinnvan HaH an_ be rode two winners, but 

Mister Donovan had ap- ne roG 5 lwo J vl 9 nen 
peared likely to land the spoils amassed morc placings. 
for J. P. McManus, when • The Gold Cup day cr 
leading at the second fence 41,732 was a post-war i 

Cu P d®y crowd of Ts^evtSn^T Walsh'WuSe 
41 ,732 was a post-war record. Adjuster* s Sherwood (Half Free). 


Going:good to soft, hurdle coimse; good to 
firm, chase 


1£1 ,268:2m) (17 runners) 

2 8 COfePTON PARK J King 1 1-4 

5 FAmROSOTnjoidiA 

9 U- LOWPROternESCFC Jackson 11-4 JBtyw 

10 2-40 MET 0FHCEH M M SMnnar 11-4 RDunwoody 

15 RATHWONDER R Francis 11-4 — 

IB /3-4 SCOTTISH GREB) DBuTChUl 11-4 S Dawes (7) 

20 0 PADDY’S GLOSS E*1 Jonas 10-13 JD Doyle (4) 

21 rcRSMM PRMCESS Mrs A Hewitt 10-13 M Wttams 

24 WIL51R0P LADY R Sctaiey 10-13 — 

25 0 AGRA KMGHTJ OU 10-10f — 

26 BABY SGH N Henderson 10-10 ~ JWNtf 

30 CLARA'S LAD DHJono® iH-in — 

33 00 LONDON LEADS! D ButtaH 10-10 — DJBurcta*(7) 

34 LONDON WINDOWS R fortes 10-10- DtaNttan* 

35 LTSAWBlMTrtB 10-10 CSmth 

40 0 BBWAMraJ Croft 10-5 ROckm 

41 U44 CAPE TOWN GIRL (BF)G Baking 10-5 — 

9-4 Baby Sigh. 4-1 Scottish Green. 5-1 Cap® TcMm Qkl 6-1 Met 

OHicer. 8-1 Lysander, 10-1 Fadras, 14-1 AgreKmgM, 20-1 other*. 


Wolverhampton selections 

• By Mandarin 

2.15 BABY SIGH (nap). 2.45 Bob And Peter. 

3.15 Northern Bay. 3.45 Dunkirk. 4.15 JonlanL 
4.45 Valley Justice. 5.15 Broken Wing. 


1 11F8 BOB AND PETER (D)MP»e1 1-5 — 

2 0100 TOPSOH.(m DWInn 11-6. A Carrol 

3 1034 WARRIOR UNCLE J Jenkins 1 1-5 — 

4 2004 CUT A CATCH BPrteca 10-12 PMtr(7) 

7 2200 HAPRYCASHJJenkre 10-12 — 

10 0P0 JUST CAWID(B)MWnchWto 10-12 — 

12 PP KBIG WOCNJE Mrs A Ratcirff1(M2 Mr M Price (7) 

1:£1,881:2ni 4f) (12) 

8 1<21 ASM) F Whiter 11 -2 J Duggan 

15 22F0 DUM0RKM Francis 11 -2 S Sherwood 

16 2420 DUNSTALL B Morgan 11-2 GWUams 


11-2Mr T Thomson Jones 

24 0330 BKXNSEPBavanll-2 — 

28 QP- K JOHN Miss SBanwn Brawn 

30 00-0 MA8IB) BAM T Hal 11-2 R Crank 

39 0-Pfl DAHTCAN R Shepherd 10-1 1 DWsfls(7) 

40 4-00 BRICA SUPERBA P BoSey 10-11 — 

44 BOF REOTITS NBCE EH Owen ui 10-11 SYoUon 

46 -OUR SILVER DESIGN KWTte 10-11 G Brans (7) 

49 -349 8AftUAT(KZ)S Cole 10-7 — 

64 Asmk) 94 Dunkirk. 4-1 Dunttl. 8-1 Mcansa. 10-1 
FaHamtGonquerar. 14-1 others. 


10 PF0F BELY'S BQMBAROBI G Baking 11-2 — 

20 F-0P HFTR COLUMN M WHosnYttl 11-2. — 

20 F-0P FCTN COLUMN MWtanntth 11-3, — 

22 -300 GOMGORBnmn 11-9 — . — J Brown (7) 

25. 0/40 JOHN WELLBURHW Wharton 1 1-2 SJONaB 

27 Ml JONLAM Mrs MDckiraon 11-4 R Eanrshaw 

29 MU LUMMSr G Yartfev 11-2 — 

32 OP-OO PRETTY TOUGHJB) W Morris 1 1-2 — 

38 3U40 VULBUCK D Moffett 11-2 KTaetan 

41 M0 QMFTDNMAISEY J BosJav 19-11 M Bosley (4) 

47 4000 SUF ALONG P J Jones 10-11 CUam 

48 BTC ALICE’S BOY R Funds 10-7 1 — 

51 0080 STAR FORMULA P Pritchard 10-7 DChlrm(7) 

8-15 Jartaa. 5-1 John WWhurn. 7-1 SttpBkmg. 10-1 Gotngo. 14-1 
Vuteck.20-1 othare. 

10 OH JUST CANDID (nMHnchlltle 10-12 — 

12 PF KHG WOCNLE Mrs A RaiChtt 1912 MrMPnce(7) 

14 000 MELTB)WB)APDttslO-12 — 

17 OP WISE MAJOR D McCain 10-12 KDooian 

19 0 CAUFOTNIAN LINK (BFIJJsnksm 107 — 

20 0048 GOLDEN SECRET D Mott® 10-7 KTeeMft 

21 00 HALLOWED PPfflehad 10-7 HCHm(7) 

25 04 NORTHERN rCWEWR Thompson 

iO-7Jayne Thompson (7) 

27 POOP WOOD FARM GML P Hamer 10-7___ 

28 YOUNG CAVEMXSHDBurehs1 107 S Dates (7) 

15-8 Bob And Powr. 100^0 Huy Cash. 4-1 Topso«6-1 Warrior 

Unde. 91 Cut A Caper. 12-1 Golden Secret M-1 otters. 


(£1 ,467:2m) (14) 

1 1F1F FKMNADOR OF) FWfnrer 11-10 Mr C Brooks (7) 

5 121F MARANZIJP) JCoWon 11-1 JSuttem 

8 -830 AL5MPW Harris IM RSvwrae 

9 1034 MAHANESSAGPrastlO-6 RDuwoody 

12 0V0 BLACK EARL I Wardto WW PDarer 

15 0F40 VAUEY JUSTICE CTrieOtwIM A Sharpe 

16 QP3 WAITHKB) M Otvar 10-0 JDDoyteW 

19 ffiM LA VBOTE G Yardtey IM PScudamora 

21 024F STARJESTTC R Rofamson 100 - — 

22 -000 HtSTBt FEADSIS J Kna 104) — 

23 -4® SHAHS) EXPERBtCEG Baking 1041 — 

24 P/m LLACCAMDDYMEdday 10-0 ACTHagan 

25 0-P0 DARTCAN R Shephard 106 NOMRUmEr 

27 44» ROTS HOUSE Eari Jones 104L SJ Often 

7-4 Ftonraflolr. 7-2 Marand. 92 SfetMfc, 7-1 AMri. 91 La 
VSrtta.12-1 Black Eari, MMar, 291 (Shorn. 


HURDLE(Di'v^£1 , 1 65An) (17) 


3.15 MITTON HANDICAP CHASE (£8435m 4f) (12) 

1 20-0 HIMITIIO F H rwai tin 11.1 c 

2 mm 

4 142P 
6 -112 

7 01» 

8 0P38 

9 0232 
10 2SC® 

12 2233 

13 1 DP- 

14 -PP0 

18 P-13 

pS-2'WnJwn »». 7-2 teoterer. 91 Crartome. Mount Char. 7-1 
Bashful Lad. 8-1 But 12-1 others. 


10 Jayne ThorrgKin (7 ) 


Gtring^ood, hurdle course; good to firm, chase 

HURDLE(£6852Tn 80 yd) (13 runners) 

1 0303 BIJJ0N BOY P MtCtel 12-2- CCox 

3 000 BRUNAN G A Hubb ard 10-10 F Fahey 

6 GaBUkLBBWDGEG A Huttarfl 10-10 S Macdonald 

7 FPP HALF A BUCK WT Kpnp 10-10 

10 B OKAAPH (USA) M H Tomptons 10-10 

11 P0 PADDYSTOWNMCChajman 1910 

12 000 PALACE YARD JRJartSn 10-10 

13 0000 RWGWO BEJ Parties 10-10 

14 SFEBTY BOY G P Enright 10-10 
17 44P0 THIRTY ACRE P □ Hamm 10-10 

20 000 FLOREAT FLffilEAT G G Gracay 106 

21 020P N0RTHB1N HOPE 


7 FPP HALFA BUCK WTKpnp 10-10 G Norton 

MH Tomptons 10-UJ JO Davies 

MCChapman 1910 M Chapman 

106 P Gwsey 
KM E Murphy 


7-4 Northern Hope. 94 BWkm Bar 92 Thaty Acre 8-1 Palace 
Yard. KM Rowa FtoraaL 12-1 Royal 9w 20-1 others 


(£1 ,046:2m 80 yd) (13) 

1 HI4- (jONGCRO$SPMtthol12-0 CCox (4) 

4 BOW TPBAHff )Bg_B S4gwre11 1 RGoasnri 

7 OCR) YOUNGBUWaSjUSAJMJHayteS 10-13 EMwrphyfl) 

9 m \ RL&OE-Wy Mre P &( 10-10 MButHd 

10 K00 CBOWTWTS COUTUREWJ Partes 1910 PNwte m 


11 P314 TAVARGQS (BJ L WonSwham 

12 943 PURPLE ®F) r JtxOan 195 

PComgan (7 1 
M BranoES' 

14 0(H) LAGSKQNA F C Less 190 


16 02# NEGffiSCO G G Morgan 190 m tvgnnan 

17 QP-fl STEADY OtraiYimPJScaan 190 

18 OPPP BURGH MLL GBRLJ W Standee 1(H) * Own’ 


11-4 FfedcJta 72 Negresco 92 Purple 6-1 Crowfools 
Couture 61 Tlmsah 161 Tavatgos 12 I ongooss 20- 1 others 

HUNTER CHASE (Amateurs n 2792m 5f 

38 044 
37 s 

6-4 Senor Ramos. 8-2 Broken Wing, 6-1 SmUhyBaar, 8-1 Tents 
Saute, 10-1 Comnena New Embassy. 12-1 Mj» Mmcraa. 

(£1 ,211:3m) (10) 

1 01 FF SMARK ra R Chanten 11-12 EMuphyft 

2 2F1U TStAGfc LOVE (D) Mrs M DKWTSOn 

11-12 R Eamshaw 

6 UUPP EXCLUDER® PW Harris 11-5 R Strange 

7 IMP IMPOmEWSflTJFRIWTKurapll-S — S&hteton 

9 Mm A RUMOUR MHTomptes 1V5 — J Barlow 

165 /00U MOBBER A Parians 116 DNWUaras 

14 1/20 SAM DA VMCI R Chanson 11-5 D Dutton 

18 23P- STREAMUNB1P Date 11-5 UssTDate(7) 

20 00FP LE MARSH JJ Seaton 11-0 JfiteLaughtoi — 

21 B0FP GRSt BLOSSOM R A Pstera 104 GWIfams(7) 

4-6SamDaWnci.7-2StraaiNnar 4-1 Teenage Lore. 8-1 Shnartu 

Fakenham selections 

By Mandarin 

2 15 Billion Boy 2 45 Lon&rross. 3 15 Spiders 
Well 3 45 Streamliner 4 15 Pnuce Carhon 4 45 
Pagan Sun 

By Michael Seely 

4 15 Prince Carlton 445 TIN BOY (nap) 

5f 110yd) (10) 

1 4F-0 RVHARDSTpWN Mr&MDtckinfian 11 10 RBWWtaw 

4 1142 LANKNG BOARD PW Haras U 3 RSBQngb 

6P300 BOOK OF KBJj8JWBbndBl 10-13 DDutton 
■» 0FP- SHADY DEAL 6 A HuObard 1912 E Murphy (4) 

8 1333 GABFWtKa. (C)P Mtetei 1910 CGoxM} 



10-3 Mss C&aundon 

13 38F COLE POtmOTMC Banks ID- 

14 -PPI SONNY MAYS A Hubbard 190 Rftlwyff 

5 01-0 BJA8M(P)MO T ruUBM90 UssSBakterff 

2 pm» carton 1063 0 Gartun ha 5 andnfl Board 6- 
oleRxter 8- BookotKeRs fWwdstown 't ottere 

60 vd) «16) 


2 BLESS^M ALL A V Lewis’ 



5 IQ*- ffAHCY SPICES A HanW” ’ 

7 4F3- GOLDEN BWGADER J M <r jrnar 


11 4- KLWAR0ENG Kmg 11 

12 PP- KULA Mrs C Tanner 11 

13 402- MARTMEAUMrsA Wfer 

14 44 f NAURSULOG»(FR)WHSvaw90i> 


19 IB2- SPEER'S WELL P Dams 

21 0- DAYS GORSE Mrs WBOnm 2 

24 6 JU8&TC CUPPS) MraP^ngues 

HBnwr * 
P^aeno " 
QHamlett ' 
D ■'timer 
T T anao ’ 
Mrs McMath “ 
Mm Somtare ■* 

2 0010 PAGAN SUN 

3 3830 SUHiT 

4 2134 TARAS 
9 011 


983 TW 

2 OOF9 THED9*£dMATtB) W 1 

13 00-SNCE ONE AM3Y 

14 oonm«e4iD 

15 12220RAW T 1-IE NEC 

16 B338BAT)ri MA T ^H l 

WBuhrerumg 'WBukmr ong 
is Hp4M song of the bards a Jessop a jes&op ~ 

Wes ’'Daws * 

21 6- DAYS GORSE Mrs IMUtem 2 Miss A Parter ’ 

24 6 JUBiLff CUPPSHMreP' r ngu8s 2 Gsuh ~ 

^ 92 Sprier s Wen 3 * Gotten Bngatter S2 Manmew. 6 High 
Poppa 8-1 BaBytan&Bh M) H4 Me Agar ? (Uteanjar 20 

0000 MATCH UUnBI r* 0 Nei *0 9 
B 4200 HOTKOUE WBknOellO' 


' MrSBuiard ’ 
Cm 4 1 
i D Dames’^ 

KTOwftMd T 
OPComflan ' 

D $&2£ 
r o orwrswr 

Mrs p Sty ’0-1 IM award ( 
BPkcnDOnd ’910S Johnson 
I MCChapman 

’9 OT Balfour ’ 
1*09 UHamnond 

r* DDunor 

Solar Qoud ends 
18 -year drought 

. By John Karter 

The supremely courageous Iron the pack and began to close 
victory ©F Solar Cls id in inexorably on the leader a s the y 
yesterday's Triomph Hunfle came to the last hnnua 
was is its own way as rariYersaOy Scndamore b known as one «« 
acclaimed and widely welcomed the stroagest - pertaps *e 
as the emotion-charged Irish strongest - finisher m the bus- 
reception for their heroine, ness and he surpasse d hun self 
Dawn Rub, with a display of strength ana 


Dawn-Rmu with a display of strengm ana 

For 18 years. Solar Good's drive that would hare matched 
trainer, David “The Duke” even Lester Piggott at his most 
Nicbolson, one of National Hunt forcefuL 

racing's most instantly rec- ' Gradnally the ttorat from the 
OgnizaUe figarcs with his arts- Irishman receded- Bat then, like 
tocratk bearing and flamboyant some ghostly _ appa rition, the 
sheepskin coat, has been feny- grey figure of Bnnnco, who had 
iag a team of caretUly prepared, been in another parish (“he was 
top dass hanflers and chasers to flattened at the top of the hflT, 
the Cheheaham Festival to try bb jockey said) on the Eaal tern 
to carve his awn slice of glory, appeared on the scene devouring 
And each year Cate has stepped the ground and closing on Solar 
in sadistically to send him and Good just the way Baron 
Peter Scudamore, his stable Blakeney had -done, 
jockey, home m a state of This time, though, that fateftal 
depression bordering on the final bill held trlmnpb not 
manic. disaster for the men from Stow- 

BeJfore yesterday, Nicholson's on-tbe-Wold and Solar Good 

Honours list 

TRAINERS: Throe winners: N 
Henderson (See You Then, River 
Celrtog, The Tsarevich). Two: M 
Morris (Buck House, Attitude Ad- 
juster); F Watwyn (Crimson Embers, 
Ten Plus); D Nicholson (Solar Cloud, 
Charter Party); F Winter (Glyde 
Court, Half Free). One: P Mullins 


Trail); j Edwards (Peariyman); M 
Ryan (Motivator); T Bui (Cross 
Master); J Scott (Omerta); M H 
Easterby (Jobroke). 

JOCKEYS: Two whiners: J J O'Neill 
(Dawn Run, Jobroke); S Smith 
Ecdes (See You Then, River 
Ceiriog); P Scudamore (Solar Ckxid, 
Charter Party). One: R Beggan 
(Oregon Trail); S ShUston (Crimson 
Embers); Mr J QueaHy (Glyde 
Court); G Bradley (Pearfymanjj K 
Mooney (Ten Puis); T Camiody 
(Buck Housek G McCourt (Moti- 
vator); R Cram (Cross Master); Mr L 

manic. disaster for the men from 5t®w- 

Before yesterday, Nicholson’s on-tbe-Wold and Solar Ckrad 
tally had been 30 frustratu^ flashed past the post with 
places; Scudamore had suffered Branico still th icc q na r tera of a 
13 sooV-destroyiag seconds in 75 length down. Scudamore smiled. 
Festival rides. And the memory Nicholson beamed and everyone 
of one of those second places in ft seemed, Irish and English, 
particular - that of Broadsword cheered the 40-1 winner as if 
in the 1981 Triomph - has they had had their mortgage on 
remained as sickcaingly fresh as him. 

yesterday in both men's minds. Nicholson seemed dazed 
Broadsword had cream to rather than elated, and who 
Cheltenham a red-hot Triumph could him if the reality 

favourite, with a string of vk> took a while to dawn on him. “I 
tones behind him. The prize thought it was Broadsword all 
looked his as he stormed dear over again,” Nicholson said, 
np the hiU, hot be was caught in “From where I was standing I 
the dying strides by the dev- couldn't teB if he bad won or 
astating finish of Baron not.” 

Blakeney. As was the case with Nicky 

And yesterday, it looked at Henderson last year -a man who 
one stage as though Nicholson had also appeared destined 
and Scudamore m aid be forced never to saddle a Festival win- 
to take a dose of exactly the ner, and then saddled three in 
same medicine. Scudamore had one year - once the hoodoo was 
sent Solar Good dear of his laid, the way ahead was dear for 
rivals coming down the hHI. At good. Two boors later, in the 
one point be was some 15 Ritz Onb Trophy, Scudamore 
lengths ahead and, with the hot drove Charter Party ahead of 
Eovoarite, Roark, haring broken Catch Phrase on the flat to make 
down and been polled np along the day even more complete. The 
with the weO-fanded That's supreme irony was that the man 
Yorer Lot, it seemed that the race who trained the nmner-op, Josh 
was really in the bag. Gifford, is another master of his 

Then, Son Of Ivor, carrying a- profession who has yet to taste 
welter of Irish cash, emerged the sweetness of a Festival first. 

Cheltenham results 

Going: good 

HURDLE (£275fl(fc2m) 
solar CLOUD ch c by Nonhfiefcte - 
Passing Fancy (Mrs A McEwon) 11 0 
PScudamora (40-1) 1 

Bnmioo re g by Bran) - Cartridge (T 
Ramsden) 11 D0Brawne(l6-l) 2 
Son OC Ivor b c by Sir Ivor - Constant 
Nymph (A Paulson) 11 0TCarmotfy(16- 
1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 9-2 Fav Roark P.U, 8-1 The 
Musical Prrast. 9-1 That’s you- Lot P.U. 
12-1. Duplicator, Prime Oats. Tangognat 
Yale flih, 20-1 Home Couity 4th. 33-1 
Boffin Pataca. Kuwait Mutar, 40-1 Copse 
And Robbers, 50-1 Emr Sultan, String 
Pteyw. Testimonial. The Footman. Tray 
Fa b, Tudor Reason, 66-1 Chance Ina 
MKon. Samafla Bay, Santo padre 9th, 
Siwopstwa Lad p up. a buy Gkm, Su- 
.prams Charter PJL The- Temper- F. 
Mnatttsh. 28 Ran, NR: BGaMao. Lough 
Oern. KLBhJid. 1DL 1 M. 1HI. DNIchoteon 
at Stow-on-tha-WokL Tote Win: 847.30. 
Ptacett£B.4ft £5.70. £390. DF: £998.20. 
CSF: £48951 TRICAST- £9,17540. 


ATT7TUDE ADJUSTER chg by DoopRun- 
carates Biddy (Mra 4 Magnwr)6 120 
Mr TM Wash (10-1) , 1'. 

Fwther Though! b g by Ginger Boy- 
Smudge (Mrs vVsnden Bargti) 11 120 
Mr Tlnonraon Jones (4-1) 2 

.Mtstar Dodowm prg by Chond Sooiaty- 
Petmon (J McManusilO l20Mr FCadd 
(4-1) 3 

ALSO RAN: 15-8 Fw Venture To Cognac 
4th. 9-1 Tan Cherries, 14-i Bonier Bun 

CAP CHASE (£l5,6SB3m If) 

CHARTER PARTY b g by Documant-Ahoy 
There (Mra C Smrth) 8 10 10 P 
Scudamore (12-1) 1 

Catch Phrase chg by Proverb-Caught m 
the Act (K Carr) 8 10 2 R Rowe (12-t) 2 

2L 101. 6L 301, stthd-M Moms m Ireland. 
Tote Win: £11.30. Places: £230. £2.10, 
£250. DP £3050. CSP £46^6. 

CHASE <£5440O3rn 2f) 

DAWN RUN b m by Deep Run - TwffigM 
Slave (Mrs C Hi) 8119 J J O’Neil 
(15-8 Fav) 1 

Wayward Led br a by Royal Hnriway - 
Loughanmof a (Mra S mewfe) 11 120 G 
Bradley (8-1) 2 

FMWll Foraetch g by Predplca Wood 
- Ta&iefine (T^ KJroa & Sons Ltd) 9 12 0 
M Dwyer (7-2) 3 

ALSO RAN: 9-2 Combs Ditch C.O. 15-2 
Run And abp 4th. 20-1 Cybranrtan P.U, 
25-1 Earts Brig F. Rt^nhand Man 5th, Von 
Trajpe F. 50-1 Observe 6th. 500-1 Castle 
Arireoa P.U. 11 Ran 1L 2W. 1L 101 301. P 
MJfins in Ireland. Tote wti E250. Places 
£1.70. £170. £1.80. OF- £1220. CSF: 

I Havant a igW bg by Pairaer-Lovety 
Colour (B Brazier) T 10 9 S Sherwood 
(10-1) 3 

Brenfon Park ba by Raiea You^ Teo-Srster 
Drake jMrs J Bernal) 8 11 7 G Bradtoy 

RAN: S-1 Fav Cottadaal F. 6-1 
You're Welcome, 8-1 Misty Spirit F. 10-1 
Golden Friend. 11-1 West To. Green 
Bramble F, 16-1 B»ly-Go 6tti. 29-1 Pair is 
Far 5th. Tracy'a Special P.U. Young 
Driver. 25-1 Ramri Tine P.U. 66-1 Late 
Night Extra. 16 Ren. 31. 4L hd. hd. 3t D 
Nicholson at StmaMm-lhe-Wtold. Tote rare 
£1650. places: £280. £3.30. £240. £1.80. 
DF: £119.80. £14367 Tricast 


(£11,31 42m) 

JOBROKE b a by Bustad-Joey (Lt-Col R 
■ Warden) 6 10 3 J J OTlaii (6-1 Fav) i 
ThetasregbyGodswK-Quality Bake(D 
Hotl) 5 10 6 DOuttOn (12-1) 2 

MaratiaN Key b a by Deep RuriGhmaro 
(R Gunner) 8 10 10M Dwyer (33-1) 3 

Jhn Thorpe ch g by Gunner B-Burriana (M 
C tens Lid) 5 10 2 D CoaMey (i 6-1) 4 
ALSO RAN: 8-1 tshfcornarei 5th. Young 
Nicholas. 9-1 Dromatend Lad. Peter 
Marin. 10-1 Cats Eyes.- 12-1 Admiral's 
Ruler. 16-1 No-U-Tum. 20-1 Northern 
Game. 25-1 Araarach F, Hioronynious. 
Merry Jane F. Jack Ramsey F. 33-1 Bob 
Tasdal. Cocaine, Tan read Waflc F. Rare 
Dancer. Some Machine , L O Broadway. 
Cisnrew. Eastern Line , Profound. Rain- 
bow Lady. Gallant Buck. Bold Illusion 6th. 
Wlnarf- 29 Ran. NR: Canute Express. 31. 
H 2t. 71. W. M H Easterby at Great 
Hatton. Tote win: £640. Places: £1.80. 
£270. £1430. £3 70. DF: E29.30. CSF: 
£70.10 Thcast £1358.44. 

CHASE (£11 3753m 41) 

HALF FREE b g by Deep Run - Broken 
Union (Sheikh Ah Abu Khamsin) 10 11 
8S Sherwood (1 1-8 FW) 1 

The Mighty Mnc b g by Master Owen - 
Moumamber (Mrs JT-ane) 11 11 8 G 
BraOey (5-2) 2 

Western SeneMbr g by Menelek Sunset 
Queen (S Satesburyfl0 11 8 H Dawlas 
(11-2) 3 

ALSO RAN: 11-2 Voice Of Progress 4th. 
8-1 Baamscuna Lad 5th. 33-1 Stray Shot 
eth. 6 Ran. NR: Bobskne. 2«4L 1 HL 20L 5. 
(tsL F Winter at Lamboren. Tote Win: 
£230. Places £1.60 £1.70. DF- £3.10. 
CS.F. E535. 

Jackpob not won. Plaoapab E278JH 

Results from Hexham 

Going: good to son 
20(5 n hrta) 1, BORDER TINKER (B 
Storey. 9-2 y. Z, Deecartu (O Nolan, 64 
Fav): 3, Mark's Choice (Mr M Thompson, 
20-1). ALSO RAN: 6-1 Sumy Sunbeam 
6th, 7-1 Walk Along, 10-1 Gmdango 5th, 
12-1 TreveSo 4th. HteeWoy Lane UR. 14-1 
Bombard. 20-1 Dance On Water, King's 
Slave. Giro Streak. Bkia Piazza, Strom 
Quest. 14 ran. is, XL nh, 1»L IliL J 
Chariton at StocfcafieU. Tote: £4.00: 
£1.10, £110, EaZO. DF- £3-50. CSP 

230 (3m ch) 1. SUCCEEDED (K Jones, 

5-2 Fav Skmvsby UR, 7-1 RXfy's Pal 6th. 
tettng UR, 15-2 TwiWit PU. 8-1 31 tom 
Valley 5th, 191 Purpfo Beam F. 291 
Rathcofanan Lass 4th. 10 ran. 31.16. 10. 
25. 25 W A SMphOTson at Bishop 
Auckland Tote: KL90; £270. £150. 
£46.59 DP £850 CSF £2651 

35 (3m chJI.THE BU2J3BI (P Niven. 4- 
5 Fav); 2. D nnc o uMi e Prince (M HBL 91X 
2 Fine Stool (B Storey. 91). ALSO RAN- 
11-2 Kama) SkUqi 6to. 25-1 Another 
Rems 4th. Mreltz 5th. Beau Nldol PU. 
ParagtoUR Bran 1WL ISLdM. IZLcBst 
Mrs G Revaley at SaU&um Tote £1.80: 
£140 £160 £250 DF £210 CSF 

M All 

3.45 (2m hdte 1, UNCLE OLIVER (J 
OGomran 33-1). 2. Tttri (S Turner 5-2 
FevL3,Duke Of DoWs(D Teller 100-KI) 
ALSO RAN 13-2 Lfflfe Rosa. 7-1 Go 
Losava 6th 8-1 Lisariy 191 Fetostowe 
Led. Rctwrda Bay 5th 191 Far Trader 
Quastv Prmce 4th. 391 Thrd Realm 11 
•». ™> Lucytet CH Mat IM eh hd. hd 
51 a V Thomson at Newtan-by-the-Saa 
Tbte £3450 £400 £1 16 fl 60 DF 
£83 S3 CSF £11299 Tncast £33497 
. ,<20 (2mtto) 1 RAM THE THOR (Mr J 
Water 100-30) 2, Hope 01 Oak (8 Storey 
2 l Fav) 3. TheSmlMrade flTflyen 9 
1) ALSO RAN 1OO-30 Park Tower 4th 
8-1 Brsbyfith 14-1 TumttB Jm 6tti 391 
Dee Park PU Narthsrde .8 1» i is 31 
19 a F Waton a Morpeth Tote £290 

ago aio £9io of £3io csf 

450 era hdle) 1. BURHJ WALK (G 
Matin. 9-1): 2, Mgbt Wrerior (J K Nnane. 
5-1t \Lutky Fen (R Lamb. 6-1 i ALSO 
RAN: 8-13 Fav Savoir Vnra 5th, 12-1 
Magwood 4th, 14-1 Write the Mumc. AHez. 
Randan. 291 Pokey. 391 Thotchu Bth. 

Swin Howe, Top Othe Cream. Dorabrey' 
Bernes Star 14 ran. NR: Prince Rapid. 9i 

hd. ia. a. iol ia. i jc«&« « 
Westwhope. Tote: £1150: £350. £25.40. 
£450. DF- Winner re second with any 
other horse £1.70. CSF- £6057 
Ptocepot £1850. 

• Mary Reveley's decision to 
miss the Chelienham Festival 
with The Builder paid off when 
the seven-year-old battled to a 
1 '/.--length victorv in the Bet 
With The Tote I^ovjces Chase 
Qualifier at Hexham yesterday. 
Peter Niven, gaming his second A 
win as a professional jockey', had 

a rare tussle with Dun com be 
Pnnce over ihe last six fences 
but gained the upper hand going 
10 ihe last and gradually pulled 
away on the flaL Niven now has 
his claim reduced to 41b 

• Stuart Shiiston was taken to 
Cheltenham General Hospital 
with two fractured nbs follow- 
ing the fell of Contradeal in the 
Riu Gub National Hunt Chase 
at Cheltenham yesterday 

• The Malton trainer Bob 
Vrood house has broken his left 
leg ro a schooling accident and 
has been detained in \ork 
hospital Another northern ^ 
trainer Mick Easterbv broke 1 
his teg recentlv white out hum 

Course specialists j Ephialtes surprises 


M3d''arasChunat 82>.Bm 2F 
■'*» re 8 fttentEcrt 0 °agarai 2 
Aodv 4 oitnre 

O-OMuSBekta - 
M) Mra GttOr 

2 Rot Woodcock 6 Draw 
2 Rockv sGa tecaOne 


TRawbcs FVwmer 18 wmnrevtrom 67 i 
unnens 269<k> jantans 10 from 43 . 
233 DBswonb StroraSS 205% 
JOCKEYS HDavws 19 wtnnare bom 93 J 
rates 20 4% P Double & tem 4 95v/ 

R Rowe 4 from 06 159 7 


TRAINERS Mra M EWonsre • winners 
Umr mnersSI 9% MBttay Stem 
15 333V N Hendarao 6 hot 39 

JOCKEYS PScudamora 3Q writers 6wt> 
128 rates 23 4V ONaffi from'58 
69V BdeHaa 3 trap 23 ’O 


TRAIfERS Mrs M Dtctonsv winners 
foWitO mners T)0V WHoUer e boir 
9 656V PM«ehe« 2 trap % 982 
JOCKEYS M H am mond 5 winners 
36 Idea 39V 

t-phiaiiK, nddro b\ Alain 
Junk was a surprise winner oi 
vesterdav s Pm Edmond Blarx 
, al Sl i the first group 
me ot the Iren wh. season 

) F ii from two rates al( agnes 

( haries Millbanks i rerman 
bred four sear oid won tlte 
ilbSi'* pn/e bs tout tengihs 
and hall a ength from the fast 
finishing Stella Orande and 
Hcraldiste the formn (nghsh 
trained pan *bo were bi>ifi 
making then seasonal debuts 

iptuateN *■ unnr\i in, 
Pnx dc R - < irangis jt I 
Ma7 & 

(J<pj Jl l>® )\S£> 

^ J 

Geaning up. the motor indus- 
oy is going to run. up a bill of 
seveaal millions of pounds 
■over the next few years,: This 
has nothing to do with dis- 
counting or dodgy dealerships, 
but is the amount being put 
mur reducing exhaust emis- 
sion levels to what is regarded 
as socially acceptable. 

TO* recent outcries from 
oology groups have not been 
the starting point, for the 
industry has been at work on 
the problem for many years. 
As a result, today's new car 
creates less than half , the 
atmospheric pollution than its 
counterpart in 1970. The diffi- 
culty is that opposing factors 
are involved. On the one hand 
. is the laudable cry for clean air 
and bn the other i$ the 
indu stry's Quest for ever more 
economical cars coupled with 
the demand for value for 
money; the owner can anpro- 

ciale' a decent sunroof or 
turbocharging, but is hardly 
lured by a pricy catalytic' 

The .situation is further 
complicated by different 
countries making different de- 
mands to meet different stan- 
dards. In Europe, regulations 
have been implemented with a 
programme of staged controls 
which now include diesel en- 
gined cars. Since October 
1984, new petrol engined cars 
have emitted 70 per cent less 
carbon monoxide and SO per 
cent less hydrocarbons and 
oxides of nitrogen than previ- 
ously. ft is proposed that these 
respective figures would come 
down .to a level of 20 per cent ._ 
and 26 per cent for 1989/91. In 
Britain, all new - vehicles will 
have to be capable of r unning 
on unleaded petrol by 1 990 at 
the latest and the EEC is 
calling for unleaded petrol to 
be available in all member 
countries by 1989. 

Just how these actual emis- 
sions are controlled is being 
tackled in two ways. The . 
original, course adopted in 
America following the Los 
Angeles smog problem was to 
add a catalytic converter to 
clean the exhaust gases before 
their release: European efforts 
have been directed towards 
more efficient engines which 
prevent the problem rather 
than cure it. This ‘lean bum* 
technology is now used in 
production cars running on a 
weaker petrol/air mixture 
which is burned more effi- 

From the car buyer's view- 
point, lean-bum is for the. 
better course; because it im- 
proves fuel consumption by 
anything up to 20 per cent 
whereas a convener is not 
only initiaBy rfibre^fostly bat 

Motoring by John Taylor 

a clean bill of health 


29 — 


. Fiat Regata 'Weekend, estate: 
has a detrimental effect on fuel 

’ consumption. It is estimated 
that, in Europe, the addition' 
of a catalytic converter would 
increase the basic mice of the 
car by £400 to £500 regardless 
of size and that would also be 
reflected in higher car tax and 

vat. ■ 

proving to be an expensive 
task for the motor industry, 
few will dispute its necessity 
and put in perspective . in 
Ford's case, the latest £6.5 
million investment at Dumon 
is .modest against the total 
investment of £1.35 billion 
which the company in- 
vested in Britain since 1980. 

Road Test 

While the natural inclina- 
tion, of manufacturers is to go 
for lean-bum rather than con- 
voters, they. are having to ffiaf 
maintain a foil technical pro- A iai 
gramme that caters for both' 
courses. This is seen in 


latest .addition to the- Ford 
vehicle emission laboratory at 
Dutton, Essex; which was 
opened- last week by Mr 
William Waldegrave, Minister 
of State for the Environment. 

The centre is responsible for 
exhaust emission research and 
all certification testing for 
Ford cars and commercial 
vehicles bwh in Europe and 
this £6.5 million extension 
raises the. capacity by SO per 
cent while improving the con- 
tent and precision of the tests 

A total of 1 1 test cells, each a 
laboratory capable of taking a 
vehicle and its test equipment, 
is now available with a garage 
and support , facilities. Mea- 
surements’ of emission levels 
of any vehide.using a catalyst 
or lean burp equipment can be 

Indicative of the rate of 
development is . the updating 
of the atmospheric test cell 
which was only built in' 1984, 
but has now bees re-equipped 
to the latest catalyst test level 
Here, engineers can investi- 


Looking at 

the sleek and 
stylish fines of the Fiat Regata 
Weekend 100 Super estate, 
one is hard put to relate it 
directly with the Sirada hatch- 
back, now much improved 
but still the final - fling of the 
unlamented era of Torinese 

It is a practical load carrier 
allied to a high standard of 
comfort and equipment The 
performance is good by estate 
standards and the handling 
generally surefooted, though 
the power steering felt a little 
light at spied on the M 6 in a 
crosswind, but it was blowing 

Fiat tackled the Regala 
from the family viewpoint 
rather than looking at it as a 
saloon stretched into a van 
with windows. As a result, it 
avoids that feeling of compro- 
mise and being slightly sec- 
ond-class. It looks well 
coordinated, with black plas- 
tic bumpers and sills accentu- 
ating its length. 

The high seating position 
gives a very good all-round 
view at the slight cost to a tall 

Comfortable alt-rounder. 

which produces a healthy 
1 OObhp. This is allied to a five- 
speed gearbox, the sligl 
ponderous action of which 
could be mainly attributed to 
its very low mileage. 

Creature comforts on the 
Super include electrically op- 
erated front windows, central 
door locking, a stereo 
radio/cassette player which 
hides sensibly under a lid 
when not in use, adjustable 
steering column and full doth 

- The load deck is the impor- 
tant part of any estate and the 
Regata shows up weU, with a 
maximum interior length of 
63.8in, width of 50in-38in 
between wheelarches - and a 
floor to roof tailgate height of 

Vital Statistics 
Model’ Rat Regata Weekend 
100S estate 
Price: £8,460 

Engine: 1,585cc, four cylinder 
Performance: 0-60mph 10 sec- 
onds; top speed 112 mph 
Official consumption: urban 
26£mpg, 56m ph 48.7mpg, 
75mpb 36.2mpg 
Length: 14 feet 0 inches 
Insurance: Group 5 

gate the influence of ambient driver of a shortage c 


conditions on. exhaust emis- 
sions, with simulated altitudes 
of up to 7,500ft, temperatures 
to 86 °F and 75 per cent 
relative humidity. 

of head- 
ing of a 

room due to the 
sliding roof panel 
The 100 Super is the superi- 
or of the two versions avail- 
able and has the 1600 twin 

White <4ffissio'n control is , overhead camshaft engine 

33.7in. In terms of capacity 
this is a maximum of 49.4 cu ft 
and 25.6 cu ft with the rear 
seats in use. A handy touch is 
the way in which the lower 
portion of the tailgate folds 
down separately to provide 
useful extra deck length or a 
seat for picnics or watching 
sporting events. 

A sliding and tilting glass 
roof panel and the split 60/40 
rear seat back are now stan- 
dard, along with tinted glass, 
and the sole option is metallic 
paint, which adds, another 
£88.46 to the total In all it is a 
very competent and comfort- 
able all-rounder, though I still 
find the electronic beating and 
ventilation system- below par 
for British requirements. 

General Motors 



me*) Bf Sdoon. wi PWI 
r.vr IRS Satan Mel Rsrt 
IRS 5dH«n. Mrt Pa®t * 

(;y>5&Tr M 0 Satan Mel Rant. 
1X20 Rt Satan A •Via. 

17th MARCH 



01-749 0091 


0 7951 TB 711 



taWM «mcr«g 7000 tre- 
mwiHtfr while.- on opttara 
genuine reason Cor private sate. 
SgTHond 01-894 3286 or OX- 
898 8078 

cam son a« * 

28000 mUesFSH ter ccmdPAS 
■erntar co enrol te*c windows 
- sunroof TW Qi-va 4861 dw 


or WALKS 01-930) 
8681.2 CC HoUim- 01-930) 
0844 S-6 One Stew Ox-ggp: 
6123 K. prows# 01-T41 9999.' 
First Call 24 nr 7 day ce noowww 

240720001 3796433. I*«T. 30 

MM TTu* & Sat at 3.0 "O.. Of 

raes. Tit# Nattanat Theatre of 
3 Britain Award Wtaafno 





rferfri Wa H tawT B T* 

iwk «f ns kmr* D Tct 
“OyteWa" D, Man 
w booking until April 26 

QUEEN'S 0> -754 1166. 734 

1167. 754 0261. 734 0120. -W 
9849 4S9 4091. Fate can QC . 
hi 2407200, 0»D Sate* 9306125. 
Evra asm. Wed A Sal Mata 3pm; 



“ TfW 



comedy.- s tw- 


A New PUv by R e— M I Itm t*. 

Di retted w MN W*». 


MJVmt 928 2282 OC Ota- 
nona) Theatre's. open MW 
Ton’i 7.16. Toraor 200 dew 
one* raau * 7.1 5. wn HjS ™ 
OKRA IV BMfBL waste ny 
KUR WtelL 

ROYAL COURT 5 CC 750 1745 
Thereat Mkftfletm and Howard 
Barter. Dti Wflitem GWUB. 
late 5 pert* Too l BJX Tntaur 
4 O A BO. . . 


7766 839 MW (X 01 -379} 
AS65-6433. 741 4999 On* Wj 
M63962. Moo-FrtSOO. Wed MAX] 

are. sm soo a sao _ 

theatre or eo wnr co_. 




nm ... 

tuxjwrm srraoas 


By ja. Prftaaev 
^Directed by R onald C yra 
"voq hum, Honrn» am ms 


wnt w uomdon - «* me 

CAMDCN KAZA 486-2443 (Opo 
Camden Town tub#} Godard's 
. detective (is). ram at 
3.00. 5.00. 7.00. 9.00 - 

361 3742 
ltu>gs Road CNearrM tub# 
-SMaoe So>. Tom Hale# in ECHO 

park nsv nan at x.oo 3.oo 

500 7.00 900 Seats bootable 
wr M Eve petf: 


stmt 499 3737 Coral Browne. 
Ian Hotsn tn Dnota Potters 
DREAM ia S lD (Pta FTBii 81 
2.00 <NU Sun) 4. to. 600 A 
540. . 

Avenue u>i.Qi-4» 480B. Orte 

Can 24WT 7 day CC 240 7200 

(BM Fee) Kurosawa's RAM ns>. 

Sep Ph* datty at I re 4.30. 

aoosnBd E4JOow>ie u> ad- 

vance me an per*. Except Sun 
At 1 -QOpw . . 

CJXTC CUM A. Nomnsnin Cate 

727 4043 newly renovated; 

new luxury aeaanfl. Dteby m- 

m. Kurosawa's RAM (16*. 
2 IS. 8 15 8 18. L. MHIM Fri & 
SBi 11 - 16 . Advance BadKiiMk. 
No M WW teftenp. 


930528Z (Em)/ 859 1789 <2* 

»Ma> dm <i8i Sep props 

SSTatre s so. «a& um 

NJofitStiow Frl & 3*1 1 J-30pffl. 
AflpreniBpoiiatae tn Advance. 

JBUK 379 3614 

raTo*9I Si htartlnV.Uw. 
WC2 (Ld«Wf Sa lab«. WOL 
hacn Hurt to MSS 0F1f» 
gSoU WOMAN ( 1 51. Ftfcn at 
6J0 l 540. Lie Bar. 

HAYMARMCr < 93 ° 
A8HES OF ®0D 1 18X Sep 

£S?c 5 iya.i 5 500 . ere 
AStwStetabte to adgmee. 
• Areas and Visa tt wnn oe 
booidflW wteewaa. 


xxofazn. 1 * OW»u« 

Sre; 5re 

?S? Mont- Snow ffl a Sai 

!£%J25. x S2l 


SSSSS^SreLte. NKtol 

student earunoMero. 

cm MLB taTOM tta m 

event ns P«<- 


Auto HAS tops MM red. 
.Mather rad (can Dec aerial/ 

wtndowa/ narrows PASLM. 

UHMMM + I " 

PJ. LtteUwrHM-MM. Stoer. 
1 owner. F8H- J3M mis. 

1 omter. FSH. Atno. to,* 
Mack. IcoOnt. rad/ean. Sur 
root. PAS. Altova A8JM8. 


Man. BMpe. leather, anoyt. H 
A S ups. tad / caas. Elec- -win- 
dows. PAS. 1 owner.. FSH. 
-9.200 tots. « 1. 18 5 

Auto. PAS. Allova. Vinyl 
root, rear twite. FSH. £7,788 

8 HWMLMaay him. rad. 

awd. run 


UM1I ! 

Mato MUMtoteU/OoU. Mor- 
oan and ReUaM Sdmdar 
main deaten. 

VOLVO, Ex-manaaenwiU care, afl 
modete. tow me teaera . httoa aav- 
jngiTM.04£2 ! 28293 (Wtoterya) 


MeiaUtr prey wKn Mack lcotner 
Interior, stereo, tow fnitam 
rarely naedL 9 owner* only. Im- 
maculate- £ 10 . 600 . 

Ttt 01-370 4918 

Mam ON 1RKJHLL 436 3386. 
Kurosawa's Masterpiece. RAM 
list, progs i.oo. 4.08. 7. so. m- 
Sat. 11.18. Seats r 
Accest/visa. tat Bar. 

■CHOOt AT TWJ^rtrnMC22d 

mn, ■mecfWMRiifc. a.oo-1 

483L7.re9.00. Music by Tom 
' WB8SL- ■ 

gas 27 72. r» MY WAMIIFIIL 
LAUMMETTE 1161 3.00. SIX). 

7.00. 9 10. SM 11.18. Gl LIT- 

6.00. 7.00. 9 00. SM 11.18 


art galleries . 

AWWilAIHRV .43 OM Bond 
Street- Wl. 808 6176 MODERN 

Untu II April Moo-Frt 9.30- 
sja ■more mtu «re 


Mean Omtre. Ere 

4141. UMB 27 Aurfl; ART A 
TIMS, kaotunq at tone and the 
48* dimension n modem an 
Adm £180 and 730. TvejSa 
lOam^bAStmL fluid Mm- 
days. «aggj» 8. HgM. 

k BARRY 0I-734 


New PRtas ■ 

mao raw art. w km s. 

SL J4MI-I SWI. 839 3942. 

. JOHN ROXAHY-Boronl rpwal. 
tre» and Wteerccflours. Untfl 27 
Mm mi Mop-m i aare- 


oneaaons of toe Hone W 


, MARTYR 8RKC0RY Tlngaua's 
China' Superbly dteaitod and 
nerorattve nros. flout* And M- 
tankai (todies etc ns ins I9tn 
ceottav canton artm. ewum 
non aro-22nd March loam- 
Com (weekdasw icaon-lpm 
waiunaavte <atteogue wsHaote 
£7. 34 Bury Street- SL JameCa.- 
Lnmton S-W.I. <01 B39373U 


8LSW7- 01 

4. Monl 


House. Piccadilly 01734 

Open 106 daily inch Sunday ue 
duevd raw Sunday unBI l ABom: 

AA mteUop t ». OM 

latemMDP PMUBZt UH- 
CC- boo&ing 01-7« 9999. 


8891 - Toni 7.48 Landea ty e 
nfe «9 Ortewatne. Moan Stierm 
cond. .Micnaet Gunman \ioun- 

' • • l ; ■ • 


1b adwrtise your car in the Times Classified. HI in 
ysuradvernsement in die space Mow. iLontsr messip» 
can he unached separately L 

Raws are: £4.00 per line [approximately four words, 
minimum three lines I £23.00 per ic-c- full dis^rfay. Plus 
15% VAT. 

. Ch eques to he made payable to Times Newspapers LroL 
. Should you wish ro pay by Access or Bardaycard-pkotse 
quote your number below. 

Send to Sfairiey Mfargolis, Group QassBied Advesttse- 
ntenl Mamwes Times Newspapers LuL ^Advertbemem 
Department, P.O. Box 484, Virginia Sued, London 




Daytime THephone: 

. iBardoycardL 


DEMO MAS 8000 Ftntdted to 
Mac* with tan leather, a u to ma t- 
k annate control, 
radio/caaenr wtm eropmc 
eoiauar and four 40 wan 
speake r*. SlMOft 0491 
872712 171. 


jteas Cara. For Uie ben natton- 
wide cash buyers. Phone Lotus 
NOrttMH 0805 407786(71. 


VUMHA, Spanteh KWUnsi School. 
5 persooaUy conducted Kxets In- 
Hwte mu ureas Deffotmancr t 
pm ate situ to Lincnaner Stua 
at Ptoer. Full -fcialk RUfito St 
awn Travel. TeL 0*64 44191 


Auwt 6th MarrteBe or Figaro. 
August 70i Caortccto. August 
8th Magk.Ftou. Ticket* avail 
atoe from MtlUp sunen Travel 
0404 44191. ABTA 



. 6 fl ATTWCR 

FOR DVrYMBX w ow . 
from only cat 

01-741 4686.061-236 0019 

BAXTER SKBteO Val dTsere. 
Twin R Les Arcs, 29 march R 
6 April inclusive catered ho«- 
dty* from £249np can SU val 
on Dt 903 4444 or 01 2006080 
. <34 hnj ABTA 85431 ATOL 


SKITiaMD l8d2*29MMtei- 7 
day* stomp from £189 po toe 
naif board, tea emunmem & m- 
suuctlon and rehiro coach 
navel. CHI SU Vte on Ol 903 
4444 or 01 200 6080 {24 hrs> 
ABTA 85431 ATOL 1162 

SM ESPRfT.Cham parties in 
Crete SU Area*. SUB seme 
March avauawmy- SU Apru for 
Snrtnosnow. sun- Low pnces& 
on crowds. Fleet (0282) 
616789. ATOL 2006. 

SMMVOS. 200 mfles of Ptstesl 
FleMOie dales, pood imuk « 
sudom nai. Fly or drive. Tjo- 
Wr-Matfe 0226 889898. 

Mtt KIV 8T VMCENT from £89. 
me Halt Ol 309-7070. Celtic. 
ATCL 1772. 


open wrfktntl h> Bristol.. 
March si Only £117. 
PhO*e:0272 744682. 24 hr*. 


Trtenmg Sjw 

hours of fnjotraUon - bare pro- 
teuuaite naming on Uw 
AM8T8AO 82S6 worn Procea- 
&or. Beptonen Oeunr a*** CSS 
+ vat. Ph now for your inf or- 
melton pack. W P TRAINING 
01-555 5796 1 24 hre) 



230 TE 1383 *Y* 

Brw*i red. Mack rtoUi tiuert- 
or. automatic iwimnai. 
town kfffing hik*. ctec- 
iric window*, reaw tacsette. 
alarm. 54.000 ituHa. rear 
heedtmt. dag guard, ondre 
arm reu. umrote. thira seaL 
-lull servire ntMOiy. 

C8J.M to anad heme 
CHI 01-35149 73 
iweekenas or eiroingsi 
01-929 24S3 ideyW. 

X90E AVTOlNov 83 AS PmUne 
wniw, ESR. E wpidows. 
BleuDunu SRC. r tmtl. 
27.000 Mrrc mauiumeo mito. 
Emptoymon ATOM Itecra r^ 
lucteni rate M C 11 JOO with 
Mrrc warranty. TeL Gorton 
Denham (Dorwll 096322 411. 

3M0 SL ■S3 (Y). SignH Red wKB 
Mark trim. 18 000 IMIM. FSH 
t owner Rear mL Altoyt. 
CrtiK* AB$. LSD. Bteupurkl 
raam stereo Excetteni condi- 
tion C19.9SO P Ex pa*. Tec 
P Hum- 028 16 2377, 0B95 

860 SCC Stiver wUh Mae ft Me. 
Fait spec Ortho paedi c named 
from trot*. 12-000 tidies. Su 

S O example. Oedvery - L7f. 

1-500 Sun 2-« pm GramUta 
Perth K7738) 2S48I. 

WO SCL ltd T. ASS. air rood, 
r ream. LSD. s roof- FSH. 12 
speaker airra astral etlver. blue 
rude. BBS aHay wheat * , mmac 
rond. EJ7.4SO. <07031 57988 
work (0703) 226132 name 

380 SCL X MO. 40-000 miles 
Metallic sdver. Air rond. Learn- 
er upftotaery. AU moat extras 
Mini condition £12.800. TeL 
Ol 904 5472. 

SOO SL Oct B4 B. StonH Red. rear 
seats, i owner, tramac. 25 000 
rote. £24.960 0283 790086. 

380 5E ton m LHD. auto, 
green metaBic. nr rond. stereo, 
altoys. further extras, fmmacu- 
tale £3.960 Tel 01-847 6794 
outer. 0194 8 2482 prtvtee. 

280 TC 1883. Guards rnL full 
spec, excel lent cond i t i on, att 
rood. ABS. 37.000 mun 
£1 1.500 Ot 722 3383 (W> Ol 
845 79d9 (Hi. 



I98J V Reg. Metallic 

black /hew leather. 



021 449 6115 
er 05643 3100 W/ends. 


Fun sport spec, guards red 
wtin Hack soft ton. fell ser- 
vice history. fuU feather 
ftuertor and srcirdy alarm. 
1984. fuU service in Febru- 
aiy. top of me range. 
Pioneer -stereo cassette deck, 
tuner. enuabzer and 
amptfler. CmDeni condf- 
imii. i Lady owner 
asjno otto 

TH 0882-840431 Anyttaa. 

PORSCHE 824 LUX 1984 A rag. 
Fimshed m guards red.Hack 
nnstnpe interior. ASN Full ser- 
vice history, tine example of 
the car. one owner. £ 11 . 260 . 

PORSCHE 944. 1984. MetaPIc 
Gold 'Brown Interior. Etectric 
■unroof & Pool catch. Low pro- 
ne tyres & Other extras. 
£13200 otto. TeL Maidenhead 
(0628) 782477- 

PONSCW *28-** 1904 . Six*, 
wuh Goth Ulterior. ManuH 
22.000 miles. AD extras. FSH. 
Immaculate. C2&SOO . TH: Ol- 
800 7166. 

8 * 8 *, 1 982 automatic, rubv rad. 
Hi unal railnenwats. 38-000 
miles Full service history. 
£16.998 ono. TH: 01-340 4963 
i office*; 01-340 6520 levcs*. 

911 TURBO XJ 1981. wMte. Hr 
con. etectalc roof. 29.000 moes. 
tmmacxilale CondlUon. 

£22.750. Day 04626 76944. 
Evenings 0763 832386. 

PORSCHE 824 V Reg. Luxury. 
36.000 mIK-s Fun service histo- 
ry. I owner. Five speed, electric 
windows, sun roof, stereo. 
Guards Red. Immaculate condi- 
tion. £8.780. TM; Ol 964 1411 
(home) 01 962 8062 (office i. 
*28 8 H 1988 model. Irts blue 
meLHUc Biue leather / wtuie 
MPtng- ESR. 8 speaker stereo. 
I owner. Bnmaculaw. Only 
£28.750. TH Office 01-839 
3661 Mr Hart. 

"78* On private ptaw. 

Sportatnallc. 53.000 docu- 
mented irales. in pristine order. 
£9.950. 0632 561 960 (TJ. 
B re*, wtuie. large roof, ratal 
rendition, history, as new. Bar- 
gain £28.960. Southend 

605228 days or 231948 ev es T. 
9288 1988 («l Sflvery green* 
grey-green ini 18200 mis. 
FSM. Tax. New rear tyres. 
Many extras. ESR- R'Cms. 
£31 £00 ooo. (0736221 4262 
944 MANUAL B rrg.- Mav 88. 
Mac*. ESR. POM. FSH. 20.000 
miles. £13260. 01-629 0146. 
(Office hours*. 

PORSCHE 824 I960 V. 41.000 
miles. Prawn, very very good 
rondUlon. £8B00 ono. TH 01 
668 7886 

811 8C8PORT 1980. Pefrte btne 
met. Mac* ten strip. ESR. Ate 
rend. 64.000 miles. Superb. 
£10.300. TeUNST 6338331. 


■w -a—. XK1M. Renovated 
with local care lor early view- 
ing 1 £18300 ono. Please 
contact Mr. i Sunmoro Ol 932 
4166 anytime or FofMf Row 

1970 Metallic gold with Hack 
learner interior. Waftiut wood 
dash Genuine 30.000 miles, bt 
mini rommon. £ 12.000 ono 
01 508 4435 or S34 2729. 

JAGUAR E TYPE V12. 1971. 
Fixed head coupe. Esraiieni 
condinan. 47 . 0 OO mHes. 2 own- 
ers. CWW. SS extv* UM. £8.600. 
TH. Cei 523 8119. 

DAIMLER VS 250. 1969. 45.00G 
notes from new. Company 
maintained. Ill class confUUoa. 
£5.250. TH 01-609 3419. 
BRISTOL 803 1978 Hue. 69. 000 
mis.. excH Man. £9JOa 01-222 

ISO FIMA. Low nmeage. For res- 
toration. £3-000 Otto. 0955- 
71256. ■ 

MOfOtfS MOHR WOO. 1964. d 
door MOT wen cared lor. £600 
ono. Ol 859 6555 (davumev 
Bristol 410. very good- 
£4.000 Hid 0936 71286. 
BRISTOL' 408. £2-760 ono 




AU c are - R.H.D -factory 
HiiiL UK specs. Payment* 
are made direct to me 
mHUActurers via their 
main dtttrKNUon on the 
COMlnenL with our asHs. 
tance. (Or a bmD lee. 
ABorex low denarii wtm 
the artter. Balance on 


GM4 X AulO. 1984. MC1H- 
8c blue blue Horn Mm. Hr 
rondUatnag. etectric front 
waa. central tocung. ri«- 
tnc windows. 6 moAita 

- JL7M 

077? 324S30 
0772 797102(1) 

500 SEC 
1985 (C) 

Smoke sdver. Deep ted 
hide, ahsotute MUl spec. 


TH: 01 408 0848 

500 SEL 

LHD. NOV 1986. 
While. 'Black feather - 
Every Mercedes extra * 
on-board computer. 
2.600 miles. 


Contact lor viewin g 

01-629 9226 

BOO SCO. A Re-j August IMS. 

Champagne. 23000 rtetev Per 
lert Condition. 1 owner Private 
Sale. £23.9*5. i03Bi 081 8601 

ESQ SL 1M1. While. 36000 

mttes. S H too. perfect Lady's 
Car Private Sato No Dealers. 
£12.500. TH: 038 081 8691 

. Afl mooeto 
a \ entente Cali US now Styfe 
Automotive Lid. 0203 652787 

1882 500 SCL Laws, good unite 
ry £13.995 Sun 0242 603745. 
Whdays 0452 23456 T 

1 ME/ 1985 live „ 
s roof. nory. 18000 nuln 
£11250. 0934732731 

EXPORT sew Memdes Benz, all 
modete - wortowide. Coniaci 
Eason Sdn 0203 51611. 

SM SC 1985 4 rea met stiver. 
ABS. air ran. ESR. tmte. Hue 
leather, full headrests, mmx 
COIK1. £18-500 ono. 890 6222 
office. 0480 861673 anytime. 

MERCEDES 280 SEC 84 8 rag. 
20000 mte. every extra me air 
con. learner ihl unmarked. 
£23.950. Esher 65607. 68191. 

500 SEC 

x n«e. 44.000 mun. run 
leather interior, elect™ 
windows i. sunroof, silver, 
full service htsfurj. 

Laketfade Motors 
Tel 01-482 7671 

500 SL 

85 Black Metallic with 
cream hide Interior Rear 
seal conversion. ABS. 
FSH. 4.000 Julies. 


Tel: 0533-666644 (t) 

1985 MERCESE5 280 t aide 
manr. iinuhed in red. patge 
cioui uim. ABS braking, elec- 
tric sunroof, ewetne winnows, 
alloy wpeet*. l owner Wiin vt 
vice lusury. : mues. 
£16250 Cost now £18.760. 
Trt 0444 84306 weeekoays 
0773 564280 Sunday 

3S0SE 1SS3 Manoonese Brown 
Pmiinr comnuon Full 
Merrroes service lunory 1 
owner Air coed ABS. Ok 
windows, ollov wnevte. w • 
-wine. This car ■& m i486 
condilton inroughouh HP PX. 
£15.950 Portsmotuli |0705< 
826137 iDffi. 389500 ■ EveifTi 

NEW 230 E L<k Sup MH E S/R 
Auio raa/cass rtc (mined de- 
livery 061 904 9001 T. 

£65 Pfw Most models. 0933 
76099. fTl 

350 SIX 1972. Automatic, ughi 
Hue EMfUnf condumn 2 
owners £5.950 Part rvenange 
considered. TeL Ol 890 4145 

500 SL 85(B) Classic White 'Grey Hate. 5.00Qn€30550 
500SL 83(Y) Champagne /Braril chain. 9.000 £23£50 
280E 85(B) MKStughi Biue/Cream Te». n 500m£15^50 
MOSEL 83(Y) Astral Sih/er/Bbe Vekxir.59D00m£1 6,950 
280TE 85(B) Signal Refl/Crwm Hide. 13.OOOmE17.950 
230E 84(A) Midmghl Blue/Lt Biown Doth, 

jl 000m E9,®50 

380 SE 81 (W) Silver. Blue Velour. 39.000m £13,450 

Bradshaw & Webb 



■ ® 

— 280SE AutomaUc 

PAS. genuine- 64000 rlasric 
shape stacked neadiighte superb 
£3000 GcrrenSS CTOw 88482 

NEW M/BCNDC. Imd Del 380 SC. 
280 SE. 260E- 230E. 190E. 
23. Lb. 190E aula fax free or 
LK. Wkday» VaUteor 861 647. T 




19M c o n mme gonvert- 
MLX Nuunra. Magudda loo 6 
learner. 36.000 mis only. 
Chore of 6 ConvcrtlOUS 6 3 
Idied nraa coupes. 

Saloon. By James Young 
Black over CaraM with 
Burgandy uii. 

Choteeof 6Siher CMhkisA SS 
live bakwns. 

1950 SOLVER WRAITH lourmg 
Limousine by James Young. 
LHD. Aulo/PAS. Black wtth 
beige inL 

Ch«ee of Silver Dawn A Mk 6 

Please ran for fun details of 50 
examples currently avauaoie 
lor sale 

TELr 01-389 *724(5/6/7 
mrX: ns*83 efdalc c 
VOOAPHON b tons) ZZ1 712 


is.ogft —u 

1980. FUD service history 
wim Rous Rove* agents, rm- 
Isried m nutmeg with beige 
learner Interior- Air ccmdi- 
Uonlng. kept in heated 


Expact price £ZL 

Jata taaaricd 

01-646 4575(01 
8737 B3Z447IR1 

1879 BENTLEY T2 Reg TU 
5723. Silver ChaHCe. Hue feath- 
er. 36000 miles, usual 
refinements. 2 owne r s, pnstuie 
condition £17.450. Contact: A 
RtgbV on 0744 26126.07 

1961. Sdver grey. 
90000 IHIM. FSH. ExtnvA- 
gan Qy murn Truly beaimlul. 
Much spam. MOT~d. Taxed. 
£16X00. Tel: 01-373 9511. 

1976. 1 of only 6 made Sow 

imm/Mue roof/intenor. Full 

Weber torawau cover. OtkOQO 

miles. Service History Superb 

car.JOi50Q.TW 01-639 4 149. 

Simpson’s Garages (Bexley) Lid. 
Broadway . Bexkyheath . Kent 
Tek 01-303 1161 


1*83 2SOTE auto, estate, thistle 
mefalK green, pnvalely owned 
28.000 miles gniuine. every 
conceivable extra Finance pos- 
sible £12 950 Eichange 
possible (or new snape 200 etc 
0929 424428 

230 E AUTOMATIC 1»B3iYi. fin- 
ished in while with tan ctdlh 
■rim. Electric tunroef. Stereo 
wiin etevinc aerial I owner 
Exceilem condition C7.9SO 
TH Macey 09tt2 o0O89 

MERCEDES 280 CE April 1981. 
silver Mur. 42 000 mites. ESR. 

E'W. FSH. immaculate condi- 
tion £8. SCO Pfease phone 
bally Clare on 01^193 8200 of 
lice hours A 068Cto 5275 
evenings A weekends. 

300 RL 1988 One owner. FSH. 
•very extra. Tti Brie green ongr 
vHour £16.495 RKlurd Mte 
ion 021-643 3335. 

II 12 78 1 Owner, guaranteed 
milage 59 000 FSH by mam 
agents. Bronze with brown 
inm £4.785. Trt. Perm 07J8 
22885. Crieff 0764 2968. T 
AM MERCEDES 190E ronwtele 
budy mi. alloy wheeix towered 
suspension, lutly loaded rar. 
low mileage <Bi. red. £14.495 
0252 31 1806. 

450 SL. V reg laph Hue Excel 
lent rondllion 34.000 mites 
Oilers 493 4099 idayt. 731 
2728 levenintn. weekends! 


WE BUY All new or denser) 
rmk-agr Mercedes Beru Call us 
Now 0203 5527197 



A u tomobile si 

1984 hh Rayce SArer BoM lie- 
.*]»■ J ■■■ i iii-mU Ivip w ii u r<p<vJ 
i«i>*n I .«>iki It ■■■■ mk him 
. hj*o, vi-ih, ji £45350 

1982 fTl Rriia Rayce Cwaidw 
CunmHe limdirxl is cilknt pikl 
.tiihd,ikle>-anliHk'jrnlN,sj r. -si 
ml- £59.990 

1978 m Rob* Km* S be Shad- 
aw 8 liwshid in kuki hi*n bhlc 
,'J ksi ml, £21.500 


105 I 

Waybndge Sorrey 
0932 49225 

wood wiin ante hide. 9.000 
miles. I owner. F SH. £ 47300. 
wood wiut lan rude. 9.300 
miles, fsh. aa new condition 

low goto wild magnolia rude. 1 
owner. 26.000 mites. FSH. 


lful over silver sand. 42.0001 
rmtov. FSH. CZ2308L 


B803 24321 WEEKDAYS 

1978 SHADOW IL le Mans blur. 
Magnolia IMCte tran. private No. 
Under Rolls warranty. Excel- 
lent condition. Av murage 
£15.750- Mr MDter day 01-441 
1535. Eves / WEOI-449 4TB5. 
gay. magnolia hide, green 
piped. WW tyre*. 16D00 mb. 
£37.000 Ol 904 0133 office 
0992 38725 home _ 

U B wtuie. blue Idde.'vtnyl roof. 
1980. extras. 34.000 m. FSH. 
£21.960. Wlnsor 8b 1 54 7. T 


7351 SE 1985 

16DOO miles. 1 owner cosnoa 
btne With pearl Mather. On- 
iric seats, heated seats, rear 
Mind, and tnrfl tacking sys- 
tem and alarm. A.Cond^ 
electric roof, computer, 
swflchsbte gearbox, eteemc 
head restraints. Maupunct 
New York. hradlamp 
wash • wipc.uBoy wneHB with 
low profile tyres, crutsc- con- 
Irol. car BodoMtoue included. 
AS new. £20.000. 01-550 
8844 ofnee. 01-508 1626 

BMW 628 CM automatic, red. 
sunroof Showroom value 
£ 22 . 000 . price: £20.250 ono. 
0252-629161 IAjn.1. 0252- 
62252S fp.m k 

BMW 839cal 5 Sprad Y reg. Mid- 
night Hue. Hue vetour. Utesi 
spec, inciudmo ABS. One own- 
er. Mstory. £1 2.995. S Overtree 
Garage <09321 223736 
MW JZJL 1985. B reg. Mill un- 
der warranty. 9.600 mts. Mack, 
electric sunroof. BtoupunMl ra- 
dio cassette ■ £9.990 0763 
71 547 wortL 0763 89235 home 
■MW MSSS 1901 W AU usual 
extras. FSH. Radio Sun roof 
C L. Oreal motor at glvraway 
price. £4.750 Tel: 021 777 
2011 <Wi 021 777 1400 IH1 
S2M 82 Y Reg. Auto. Sunroof. 
FSH. MOT. £5.995 ono. 0293 
548976 Eves. 

328. 1982. 26.000 miles. 5 speed 
manual gearbox Ex condition. 
£4.850 0344 882717. 
m* BMW* AU modete to order 
3251 early delivery Large dte- 
counu Tel 0227-793010 ITI 



Sue rii® DO Sjjkb 23 5cmm LJ 
Hun 6ZSEU 
Reuri 3 GU 
toted Gate* Gl 
hut Coupe 
tea Cur 
C ow* EB 17(10 
IRmi /HGL E9 
Gad Gil 3/5 Dm 

MG Worn 
Foi too lure IE 
taa fflZ 
fsan RS into 
•rtn MW 

CMto S» 
Priyffl 205 SU 

GW Gil GtfMMB W -TO 8 3»") 


81-907 9955/9*97/9553 



1904 B REG. Wnchera toe mth 
magnate knttw mta dnh toe. 
nfcas. 8.D00 mrtftfi £41500. 
tie* V8 and Vota » mtibte ta 
summer dchtty. 

Coron MWn Hamtor Unw 

(Cunaroge) Ltd. 

Cneny IMon RL 

TEL 0223 249211. 



Top Discounts 
Any make supplied 
Low rate interest 
Leasing or finance 

SVB London Ltd 
01-950 0052 

VOLVO ass «LE EUato. auto. V 
reg. PAS. 4tr contL tow ndg. 
£fiv«5a Ol-«M S2I4 T 
VOLVO 240 OLE Estate. A reg. 

O /drive. PAS. S/ roof, low mlg. 
£6.250. 01-402 3214 T 


April 1985 White. PAS. sun- 
root. ouallly stereo Dtrmorv 
car wiut mil service fttetory. 
34.000 miles, immaculate 


0792 833833 (riBce) 
02708 41158 (brawl 

BMW S28 f ManuH. Reg. 
2810-82. 42.000 miles. Colour 
bnghl red. Sunroof, low bar. 
stereo- Excellent condilton. Ex. 
Durctors car 13300 ono. Trt* 
09285 66169 Office htv 0244 
815946 home. 



Clarendon Blue with [K-eskin Hide. Electric Steel 
Sun root'. 6 JJU miles. i!9^5fi. 

1985. C XJS 3 .fi COL'PE (Srt MODELi 
Curfew with Chiliem Tweed. miles. £lTS5rt. 


C ran bem* with Doeskin Hide. miles. X14J-60. 

1984. SOVEREIGN 4^2 

Regent Grey with Doeskin Hide. 12J2(m miles. £]5£54. 

1984. XJS42 

Silu ersand with Black Hide. IZ500 miles. ^129 50. 

Derw ent Blue with Gre>- Velour. li.lfiQ miles Llii .75(L 

* 1984. 'B‘ RANGE RO\"ER 

4 -Door. 5-Speed. Nevada Odd with Bronze Check CUh. 

InL Pack. Ext. f^ck. Eke. Pack. RSB. fedio Ca&wtie. 

15500 miles. £ 13.450. 

Wftu'n j ,m 


Western Avenue •' Grecnford ’• .Middlesex: 
‘ "■ .Telephone': 01-99S 7691 
. Vv Telex: 266089 


OcioDer 1983. Antelope 
brown. UNDER 15.000 
mis. 1 lady owner flam 




Tel: 082 584 466 

Bnlivn racing green. 51.0CO 
mifev All extras. A» new. Full 
years MOT. £4600. Tel 
Canvey Hand 693120. 

1984 A reg Colball blue and 
Doe skui hide Air rond. 42.000 
miles l owner. Immaculate 
£10.500 Tel 0602 727452. 

BMW 739M. Y Reg- SMvcr. Black 
GaarWuute Gl .OOO mites. FSH 

Alloy Computer Full Ptoneer 

radio stereo. ESR. ABS EOW 

12 mlhs waramee Px oowlhte 

£lOJ2S0 (C043T7B751B 24-hrs 

BMW 318. A Reg Fish Reg 
sen feed Sun roof. 32.000 mte. 
Extras £4.895. 01-668 0182 

728 AUTO. Y reg. metallic 
silver blue, air cond . alloy 
wheels, sun roof, reniral lock- 
utg. stereo radio cask- elec, 
windows, taxed Aug 86. ABS 
braking. iusl tervired. FHS 
available. 40.000 miles £8.000 
ono Trt- 01-437 93LI lolficei. 
0328-782491 ihomei. 


240 GL 

b reg l ■5.000 miles. 1 
owner, good condition, 
taxed. Hgtit green 
nwtaUc manual- PAS. 
central lodUng. stereo. 

£6,700 ONO 
01-673 8133 

FERRARI 308 OTW 1985 Left 
hand drive Blam wiih bew in- 
terior Low mileage. Total spec 
Immaculate condtooti. 

LOO.OCC Wes I Germany oio 
499 3841729 lEvrok 



29 May iP8a YeBtw mlh 

wdnul msn m lenor . toXKXJ 

furies. mmaeuiate 

£8.000 ono 
Phono 0932 62796 



Full l^ecSon. 2 nfflK okt 
5-spaed. aher grey, 
farces Rfuenni safe. 

£18.900 NEW 
ONLY £17,250 ooo 

01-805 2082 x22I Wk 
0702 582189 Hm 

RANOe HOVER *61 'W Ann. 
PAS Wfwe Low mueage. i 
owner. Full sliding rout 
Biaupunkt stereo, radio rasMtie 
and graphic eguaibser. Tan 
noth interior. Good comuuon 
£7.100 ono. Tel: Ol-Sfli 3582 
lOH) 01449 1356 (Eve) 

MRR MB Mill. Vanden Plat eon- 
vnnuon. automatic, mack wim 
Muc interior, sun roof. 
BUupunkl Stereo 

radio casacne. a teotstraiioti. 
ISOOO miles. £4.000. 01386 

JAHUAR XJS, 34. A rag . 5.000 
miles cranDerry red. £ 8^00 
0293-782113 iSutreyi. 

JAGUAR 4.2 1 982 sapWWre dar* 
blue mi. evert ten l cdn. 29000 
mb. ESR. FSH. £6600. Ol 894 
2276 iLves and w. Ei. 


1965 C W). auto Mualkc 
bw^indyHeige feattief. 2500 
times only Cbnon stereo Jag- 
uar extended warramy unu 
27, 8/88. One owner 
EZ5J3CO non 
0784 39467 or 
1836 242088(1) 

RED XJS HE, X req i Jan 82 siH-r i. 
55.000 miles only, excel tent 
condilton. an rrrortH available 
regularly maintained Henley s 
L8.95C' TrtepttotlC. 01-624 
1036 lEvenmgsi 

XJS HE- X 82 model FSH 
42 250 m 1 year MOT and 
warrants- Sapphire Hue prrs 
line in and out First to se e will 
bus* £8.995. Si. Albans i0727i 
T?SI\.hi 01 959 4780 1 . 71 - 

JAG-SOV HE -B' Reg One owner 
FSH. makers warrunly till 
Seal 87. Cohall blue. ESR. 
pnsline rondilidn £13.995 
Rk hard Motors 021 -643 3335 

JAGUAR L4 X rep. 19.030 mites 
only, chesinul bronze, auio. 
PAS. all as new £6.500 Tel 
070787 3486 -Cullleyi 



auio. silver wiih Watk leather 
interior. ABS. ESR. air cond 
crime control, only 500 miles 
Sale £4.000 on new prtre 
£21250 Trt 0325 484407 iTI 

dr. Alias grey, many omer ex- 
rras Thn unique ear » 
avadahte lor immed del. 0582 
872182 Open Sun I Authorised 
vw dealer i 

GOLF GOLF GOLF All models 
me CTI's A com erilbles irom 
stock, some at pre increase 
price 05B2 872182 Open Sun 
lAulnomrd Vte deafen. 

Campaign car. 1984. 14. OX’ 
miles immaculate. 1 ladv own- 
er L7.800 02774 M212 

GOUf CD 1800. 1983. Lhasa 
green, lull spoilers S H. Itois. 
£4 900 Dr Ree d 0908 
602566 or 0438 813272 

man 36 OOO miles. FSH. Ulajli 
mini. £11250 0452 36900 

Sundav 3ia22»Ti 
AUDI too Dec 83 >84 model > 
73.30C> ml While. Ex rond 
CS OOO 0734-478363 
me auio irnm slock. 0582 
872182 Open Sun >Ti 

red all standard exlra*-. 36 OM 
mb. £5 750 Trt.090T3 748r7 
X9B6 GOLF GTi In stock esnunu 
cuinurc. and ewas (tom 
L7 795 102512*1 467* IT. 
HEW GOLF CTTs Plus the lull 
Vte' Audi range at discount 
prices ICC. 01 202 8596 
VW GOLF * CTT» ( AUM’l now 
aiuilaiee 4i discounl orui-. 
tram ICC Ol 202 859o 


miles, peart while, immaculate. 
FSH. Recraro -u-ars. £8.600 Tet 
Ol 381 9800 eves, weekends. 

FERfUUUB 308 GTS QV. 1986. 
2-500 iMM only. Rosso red. 
slagnolta hide wiin red piping. 
filled A'C from ft rear spoil 
ere as new til OOO Tel 0423 
873181 anytime. 

■C* ROVER Van den plat 3600 
Silver leaf. auio. mk roof. 
6.000 mb Factory warranty, 
del anywhere L-K. £8.950. 
RLC 0203 304128 

FERRARI 308 CTS. 1983. Rosso 
red. cream leather. 24 OOO 
miles. Modena history Bargain 
£23.500 Trt Southend 555228 
days or 230895 eves (Ti. 

MAZDA RX7, B reg low mile- 
age. while. one owner, 
pycellenl condition Olfers 495 
4099 idayv 731 2728 

■ties weekend'. 

84 SHEER Range Ruler Ttn-in 
Auio. ulr con. s root. Wood * 
Pirkel mienor. 16 000 iris. 
■COM L3*.0OO> £16.950 0625 

31875 iTi 

GOLF GL. Mav 1984. gold meiai 
he. 4500 mb only. * root alloy 
wheels, stereo, nimur. £5200. 
Banbury 0295-720081. 

MORGAN *8 late "78. red BkvH 
leal her interior, head mu., lug 
Mte rarii. pye rasa radio. 
£6750 ono Roth I0709i873712 
MBS ROADSTER 1982. wfitte, J 
owner, now mol. hard tap. Me 
rep. £4 JOO. 01-438 3609 M-F 

MONZA (OPAL) 3.0 CSC 85 Im- 
maculate. While. All Extras. 
£9.650 Tel- 0243-56247 
RANGE ROVER 1S8Z manual. 4 
now. 35.000 mites. FSH. PAS. 
£8.495. Tet 1107341 483591. 


_ FOR ONLY X33-1BO trttk- 

TH* succgM •! *ur £IS ifeggsil nampaun has fell ua 
with only it Sncrpas m slept, ah ibuk bb teased 
be lore the list March. 

Dieeet dir wit £ SISHL 31-U 

9MHL ... 31-11 3SIHL SWB .. 45-11 
3SIHL . ... 11-32 1MHL LWB .. IS-H 

HtHL LWB Hieh Reef <3 n 

ata SWB Hich Run A lined deer .... aj-U 

•Reafafs plus VAT. Business users on lv 

PJ EvarisHnicks 

Bins Team Freight Rover now 
to. secure your vehicle 

021 - 359 - 8261 




































A time for flowers. 
©Inter flora 

More than weeds can say 

RI W a Ite* * lf»- ' VT. 

i minimum 5 lmv->» 
Anununtvmvnlv ju/hcUl*- 
iSKil h> ihv iu>*w And 

tvmijmnl addin* Ihf 
wilder . inav K* ><n1 MX 
H> W>\ ■&* 

\ inthua Slim 
I addon Kl 

nr irkithtrfMl lln irk-phnnr 
vuluailvrt on Si lo 01-481 

\nnounnim'ntN ran Iv ir. 

lt\ li-U'pthifli- hcluci-n 

<meun jml i Htfim. MunUjv 
in Frula>. »n Saiurdav K'- 
luivn 'Milam and 1 2 wain. 
MKI 4WM OnlvL Fur pufiti- 
kjuun itic lulkminf day 
nliKih- hi I 

i in ( iiurt and Social Pift tt 
a liar + IS 1 * MI. 
t nuri anti Social Pair 31V 
imuncmnciib can not hr 
anvfikil In telephone. Ea- 
t|uint> uc 01422 MU 
Mikj irfhcr (IamTkO alien nLs can he ac tv p v d h> 

1 ,'k-phnnc. The dradtmc is 

jimpm 2 ibn prior to puWi- 

t-jimn lie. Snupm Mnndas 
Inr Uctlncstbsl. MioaU vuti 
»nh in sold an ultrnw. 
nieni >i» wrung pk-asc 
unlink hwi das time phone 

DKP VR fMICVT. If sou 
hass* ans gaeries or pnMmt* 
roteiing hi shut ads cn isc* 
ment <mee li has appeared 
pK-aw Luniaei ><tir ( ustumrr 
Sers nes Department hv lele- 
ph.nK' on 01*481 » 

Tft? l.-cUinz Agent 


\in> si* Sii.iii Wk nr .KM iiikI 
»■■ i. lii'ii sn stkill mmiih lot 

mill ,ii> soul . . saOh 

in. l uni' 


BURKE On March 9th. IP Ade- 
laide. to Anne and Adrian, a 
son Jolyan Timothy, a broth 
er for Vidorta and Jeremy. 

PHASER On March UBl 
peacefully ai home. OUi» 
Ka marine, aged 75. fc»sino 
and oetosed stilt, nsothec 
and qrandmolher Ownohon 
pm ale Memorial Service 
Sunday March 33rd ai 
3 50pm at St Mfchari - * 
Church. AMbouroe. Wins. 
No floseers Mrssf 

CO AO Eva Grace. On Thurs- 
day 13th Mann, after a tom 
Alness, second daughter ai 
Basil and Grace Goad of 
Banstead and sister of Ruin. 
Requiem Mass. Tuesday 
I80i March a 12 noon ai St 
CuhMfrs Church. 

Holcombe. Nr Bath. No flow- 
ers please. 

GOOSALL Annie Jane (Mac), 
widow of Waller Oougtes 
Godson. CMC of the Colonial 
Cud Service (Ceylon and 
Malaya* peacefully on March 
nut 1966. She wifi be sa/Sy 
missed by her daughters 
June. ESme and Jenny and 
all their families and by Mr 
dear (fiends Barbara and 
Dtdt. Funeral at SI Nicolas 
Church. Crantetgh on 
Wednesday March 19th at 
11 IS am followed by crema- 

, Uon at Wofctng crematorium 
at 12 30 pm. No flowers but i 
donations can be sent to The 1 
Royal Masonic Hospital. 
Raicnsihorpe Park. London 

I W6 OTN. 

1 HACKER On March 12th 
1986. at Durban Nurstng 
Home. Romsey. Peter Hack- 
er. Corpus Chrt&h College 
Missiorver and School Mas- 
ter. aged 72 years. Requiem 
Mass at Si Josephs' RC 
Church. Romsey. Hants, on 
Tuesday March iBth at 
10 30am. followed by inter- 
ment at Romsey Cemetery. 
No flowers please but dona- 
tions if desired lo C.A F O.D . 
may be sent to A H Oveaier 
Funeral Directors. Romsey. 

HANSON On March lith 
1986. in Bolion. tsooeU For- 
sythe Hanson, aged 96 years, 
widow of David Marcus 
Hanson. M R.CS-. L.R.C-P- 
mother of David. 




From onl> £995 incl VAT 
Visit our Showroom 
177 Keplingham Road 
London SW!8. 

01 870 28 74 


Residential Letting* 




.to— fl S* l ****ZZT? r 

*V* CBM. «* ~ 

AS London rarest vowing fctttag a*** 
quire additional negotiator. If you have taiiiathre. 
self-motivation and enthusiasm _rlng 
now. Experience prefered- car drivers essential. 

Pamela Beread 01-722-7101 

8 Wellington Road London NWS 


Wlcandem Corkootest 
Tiles, design natural only 
13 95 per so yd -i- VAT. 
wool mix Berber carpets 
4m wide Hessian backed 
£4.38 per so yd + VAT. 
While stocks last 

148 Wandsworth BndgeJ** 
Parsons Green. 5 WS 

Tel: 01-731 3368/9 

Free csiimaM ■ Expert fining. 

PUNti. MnftumMed upngm. , 
1 st rUw rond. «*5 &n ar- 
ranee MnffV 01 *63 Ol«a 
rii -'-e dawn Inkm - eleven 
onUr iug»* gualhy. bard wood 
canteens of Niver and goto otel 

rO Snemew rotary. to; g""* *» 
trade prices £130 to £450 Ar 
cording lo wie Drliver 
anywbrre by Red Star. Tel 
0804 52*011 

an unusual OPPORTUNITY- 

-Jot someone with mtoitoz 

afraid of hard work and gewonweu * 

voluntary support and repieaeni an 

oogi&e iwilts to benefit the nnpoitaxn work a ^ 

SvSTmainly in Greater London rad the SoWlvjod* 
committment within a small head a&x team. J&satartac- 


BEWLAV A Service of 
Thanksgiving to celebrate 

4 inn Cenlury repflra (iml 
lure, including me Brough ion 
Manor collection from nr own 
west Country workshop Ar- 
thur Bren. Tinman. Tilth m* ran 
ana Goodwin. Home approval 
wrtice imenor annua mil- 

Uoci stocks tot HNMWf 
detnery Nenkoed. near Hen 
ley on Thames iO*9H 
Bournemouth (02021 2^5&«0. 
Topsham. Deson iOJ928TI 
7*44. Berkeley. G»os iO*55i 

SEATFtNOClB Any event Inr 
Cals. Coven 1 Cdn. StarUohl Exp 
01 828 1678. Major credit 


UNWANTED OUT ■ Extra dark 
full leetl* mink coat. Valuation 
£6300. wilt sell for £5JOO. O 
01 723 2482. E 01 262 7007. 

Mich quality office furniture, inrt 
bd im ml No dealers TH Ol 
629 9781 

the life *of Hubert 1 TICKETS FOR ANT EVENT. Cats 

P.P.RV.A.. F.I.AS.. win be 
held at Holy Trinity Church. 

Straflord-Uhon-Avon on Fn- 

day March 2lsi at 3.00pm. 

StartigM Cmp. Chess. Les MO- 
AN theatre and sports 
Tel 821 6616 8230495. 

A£x visa ouiers. 


I Ctfi. in Plymouth, lo Mao 
i nee Woods) and James, a 
son Thomas Alexander, a 
brother for Henrietta. 
Anthony and Rupert. 

CLARKE To Eileen and 
Edward, a lovely daugthei 

Beloved husband of Mary, 
father of Penny. Peacefully 
at St James’s Hospital 
Balham. on March 9th. Fu- 
neral Monday 1100 am. 
Lambeth Crematorium. 
Biackshaw Road. SW17. 

MeH^' Jane a stele? lor JUDGE On March 1IU. 1986. 

5525 ? Slaaa suddenly bul peacefully. RU- 

Cheryl. at ChrtsUana 
Hartley. Southport on Uth 

DRAPER to Michael and 
Corral ne. ai 51 Richard's 
Hospital- Chichester, a son 
Nicholas, on 9th March. 

FIENNES On March 12th. lo 
Juba i nee Humphrey' and 
George, a daughter Isobel J» 
anna, a sister lor Felix and 

FREEMAN On 12th March, at 
The John Raddiffe. Oxford, 
to Hilary inee Saker* and 
Charles, a daughter Julia, a 
s»tec for Barnabas and 

BARTON On March 10th 
1986. to Tinker fnee 
demencej and Tim. a son. a 
brother lor Peter and 

KEIGHLEY On 10th February 
ai the John Radclifle Hospi- 
tal. Oxford, lo Gina tnfe 
Panics i and Michael, a daugh- 
ter Rachel Lianne, a sister for 
Rebekah. Michael and 

PERT CYRIL aged 69 years, 
of Rocombe House. London. 
SE23. Loving and devoted 
husband of Belly and father 
of Paul and much loved by 
Anne and his grandwia 
Christopher and Michael. 
Cremabon at Honor Oak Cre- 
matorium. London. SE23. on 
Tuesday March 18th at 
12 30pm. Family flowers, 
but donations if desired to the 
Philosophical Society of En- 
gland. Runsei Grange. The 
Downs. Ross-on-Wye. 


OWEN- WILLIAMS a memorial 
service for the late Mrs. Ma- 
deleine Owen williams will 
be held at the Priory Church. 
Malvern, on Friday. 2!sl of 
March, at 2.30 pm. Refresh- 
ments afierwoods In the 
Mai court Room. Mount 
Pleasant Hotel. Malvern. 


poster beds and Ortxgum 

bedroom tumlucc in Yew and 
Mahogany veneers Wr 
snowroom now open ™wb 
Centre. Reading Tel. 1 07341 


room sun* BrenU oo W 
Zanotta ■ supplied by Uberoru 
Salable 80X160 Wrth 8 (Me* 
learner chairs Scarc ely uwd. 
£1.600 otto Tel Ol 723 9987 
afler 7 0Opm 


12 it u-me wMw nwb re 
dured from £22 per sa yd lo 
£930 so yd Chancery carpels. 
97 99 raerkrnweu Rd. London 
ECI. Ol 406 0463 

FINEST Quality wool caroets At 
u-aoe pnres and under also 
aval table tOCT* extra Large 
room sue remnants under nan 
normal price Chancery Cameo 
01 406 0463 

we nav e tickets i pr Uiese and an 
ineatre and mom. Tel. 631 
3719. 637 I71S. All malar 
credit cards. 

reciai* 9 ular. EXrellenl condl- 
bon Winter Stump Sale Save 
rrr v and order now. 0626 

TI CI Urr S lor any event. Cals. 
Starlight Exp. Chess. Les MB 
All Uicabe and sports. 821 
6616/828 0496 

A Ex .‘Visa /Diners 

wS/SukKwiM and with CVto ^ 

mmietnim r. L^utaccM Reseaidi PUod, 43 Great Onaood 
Sued, LoaloB WCl 3JJ 

needed to *om dperaWP 
Hi lively trading co To M m 
■normble lor aU movement Of 
SoST^MIto UK and aorrwd. 
Knowledge of sMPPR* 9 — d 
transport an atm bul not amen 
Dal Please aUHdaJeyMf on 
Ol 748 0008 

ATTRACTIVE *-«»** reowbed 
lor CKy WM Bar. 8 lunch 
tunes and 2 ewnlnp. Hbb 
wages for ngiu parson. Please 
phone Ol 406 2166 


■RTTTANV. Dordogne A South. 
Sel e ctio n of properties, cottage* 
lo cnaieaux from £10.000. Bro- 
chure 01-486 27334T) 



US VISA Matlers.ES. Cudeon. 
LS lawyer 17 BulsUOOe St. 

London Wi Oj *86 0813. 





KALY John Kenneth, of 
Newton Lengvtlle. Bucks. 
Passed away March lSth 
1986. Sadly missed by his 
wife, son and daughter. 

_ . MAPPER m loving remem- 

MART1N On March 7th at brance of Ian Maurice loken 
West Middlesex HospitaL n suddenly from us on 14th 
Norah Edith aged 79. bfr March 1984. Always in our 

loved wiaow of Hereward tnouqnts and hearts. David 

Keith Martin O B.E.. mother ^ Ju | te . 

of David and grandmother lo 
Rowena and Arabella. Ftp 

spy WS855 




ACTIVE wen spoken girt. 18**. 
rroiiires emptoyment tor June 
ahdJubi likes driving, win con- 
sider anything. Reply to BOX 

iresh f trios of emptoymmL 
Free to travel RrspomOite su* 
gedlons please 0*0 481 4826 
Desks. Bookcase nr 8 Pre 1940 

furniture Tel. 01 685 0148 or 
Ol 228 2716. 

POCrmoN, pianola or m usical 
Dof warned Can repair 0706 

Pnnirmpt. Especially teacup*. 
Plain. Tel. Ol 722 3229 
KOVAL POOL TON /fguresmand 
Tony Jugs wanted. Honest 
prices. Ol 699 7198. 

SOICLE GARAGE wanted. Hays 
Mews Wl TH: 01 656 5060 
. ext 3136- 

Margaret’s. Twickenham, 
followed by cremation at 
South West Middlesex Cre 

kKwEOLUR On March •***»**” 
u. m k«.. vnrk m vnrv Kathleen Roslna. Teacher 01 

5th in New York, to Mary 
and Peter a beautiful 
daughter Emma Margaret 1 

MATTERSON On March 8lh in 
Sunderland. b» To ny and 
Wendy wee May man) a 
daughter Elizabeth Rose. 

MIHELL-HALEOn 10th March 
in Dubai, to Alice and Roger, 
a daughter Sophie Louise. 

MLR0Y On 6Ut March lo 
Marion and Andrew, a 
daughter Emily Victoria, a 
sister for Laura. 

PEARSON lo Catherine cn*e 
Motnartn and Simon, a boy 
Alexander Charles, on 17th 

5TRADBROKE on March 120* 
to Bose anna and Keith ol 
Henham. Suffolk and 
Australia, a son. 

Kathleen Rostna. Teacher ol 
Music. 21 Benefield Road. 
Oundle. aged 92. privaiely 
cremaied. 2a ih February- 
Memorial Service details » 
iu» .an nounced. 

life of Adrian Edward Scott 
Stokes, will be held in the 
Church of SI Peter and St 
Paul. East Hailing, on Mon- 
day 31SI March 1986. at 
5.00pm - he Birthday. 

r VI U J A. Vlefl 



V BErHSTflN > 




BREEN - Arthur Vivian MBE 
MC Croix de Guerre avec 
Palme 1939-45. On March 
12 in Pam. France dearly 
loved husband of Michelle 
and father of Michael. Ann. 
Richard and Mark. A funeral 
service will be held at 2 p.m. 
on Friday 14th March at St. 
Medard. 141 Rue Mosselard 
75006 Pans. Family address 
83. Kyrie Road. SWil 6BB 
BULLOCK On illh March, in 
hospital in London. 
Rosemary Ann (Rosiei aged 
25. much-loved daughter of 
Tony and Elaine. of 
Southsea Requiem Mass at 
All Salnrv Margaret Street 
Wl. Tuesday 18th March ai 
7 30pm. Cremation private. 
Family flowers only, but if 
desired, donations to. AU 
Sami's or to toe British Heart 

lllh 1986. Funeral at 
12.30pm on Tuesday March 
18th at toe ChllferM crema- 
tonum. Whielden Lane- 
Amersham. No flowers. Do- 
nations if desired to Liver 
Research Fund G290. The 
Royal Free Hospital. Pond 
SL Hampstead. London 

CROOK On lOto March 1986- 
in Bromyard Hospital. Here- 
fordshire. peacefully. 

Florence Irene, aged 73. wid- 
ow of Austin Mordaunl 
Crook. Mother and grand- 
mother. Requiem Mass, i 
11.15am. Tuesday i8th 
March, ai SI Francis Xavier's 
Hereford. Flowers Daw i 
Bros. Hereford. 

DARUWALLA On March lllh. 
Captain Sohrab Rustam 
fl.A.Q.C ridi aged 74 of 
Hounslow. Beloved husband 
of Pertn and fatoer of 
Rustam. Farouk and Mena. 
Funeral at Golden Green 
Crematorium. Wednesday 
19th March a! 4.30pm. 
P0NERT On Jim March 
1986. al l he Royal Hospital 
and Home for Incurables. 
Putney. Hilda Helen Donen. 
dearly loved sister of Jack. 
Funeral service al Holly 
Trinity Church. Wesl HIM. 
Wandsworth, on Monday 
171b March 1986. at 
11.49am. followed by ere- 
mabon ai Penney vale al 
12 30pnv No flowers please, 
bul donations to the Royal 
Hospital and Home for 
Incurables. West hul 
P utney. SWiS 3FW. 
DUGGAN, Sylvia. Peacefully, 
on lllh March, aged 76. 
Much loved sister and aunt. 
Requiem al SI. John BapthL 
Purtey. 10.00 8-m_ Friday. 
2isi March. Flowers lo: Co- 
op Funerals. XOO Brighton 
Road. Purtey- 

What have] got 
that I cant ghd 1 ' 

O'SULLIVAN Mary Elizabeth 
Deiphene. aged 59. ol ( 

BrlghUingsea. on 8th March 
Funeral al St- James. East 
Hill. Colchester at U.15am 
on Tuesday I80i March, pre- 
ceding cremation. No 
flowen. Dona lions lo SI. Hel- 
ena Hospice. Eastwood 
Drive. Oofchester 004 4JU. 

PALMER OoroUiy. Peacefully 
ai home, on lllh March, 
aged 89. Funeral St 
Sav iota's Church. Guernsey 
2.00pm Tuesday l8Ui 



Mtrefi. a?2 pm^avtour's r W7z2t/z31 

Church- Guernsey- Memorial , 

Service later. 01311 CRtll 

PEACOCK On March ltto- 
peacefully. John Vernono* Diabrtcs is not in 
Cheltenham- formerly of The 
Pure Chop. Gian vines u can strike anyo 
Wooflon. Dorset, husband of incuraWe bill wo 
toe laie Jane- thedamaeeands 

300pm. Wednesday 19 to 
March. ai Cheltenham omause-cveT} 
Crematortum. lhan 1-500 chikir 

PEARCE Mark Swayne. of Old diabetes, the hidf 
Collage. Boningale Peaceful- . . . 

|y m hospital, while with has JOtnuSIOtK 
family, on the 12th March. Xitneed 

Cremation on Tuesday the 
lBto March at 12 noon, at iDurflaP -iVow 
Bushbury Crematorium. • 

I wohiertiampton. DooaDons raJffKH 
| if desired lo Save the Chll- 

dren Fund, v/a Man by and QIAKTlC Aj 3 
Steward. 3 Ednam Road. - 

Dudley. OY1 1HL. 10 Queen Anne 5* 

PUUSTED On March 12th. yMMOBD m c 
peacefully al Warren Lodge. 

FicKttampsiPud. Berkshire, )CaU 

Pamela Helen, daugtoer <rf m spaia h 
the late Reverend A H and wanting to pure 
Mrs Platsied of Medmenham. in m» sravwi 
Funeral ai 11-00 am. Satur- 
day 22nd March at SI Peter „ 

and Si Paul. Medmenham. Reply to box c 
B ucks. Family flowers only, 
donations U desired to 
Church Warden. Monks FRANCE urgent 
Walk. Medmenham. Bucks. 


London's leading spedaita In 
new and removed ptanos. lor 
me largest geno me g eitg 
available. 30a HWWle Bd. 
NW6 01-267 7671. Free 


BLirrHMEH 6f» 3ln* boudoir 
Grand Rovewood case no 
56226. coenpieie recondldon 
1970 For sale ny » union I8to 
March in North Staffs. Tel: 
0782 261611 

number 162061. Maimamed t»y 
Stein way mice PWCtvaMd .Sm 
ous stroke forces sale. £3^50 
0 ( 10 . Telewicn# Crawley 

A LONDON Society magazine 
needs experienced sa ps Pers on, 
cv and references Mctwiy 
821 5068 

■OUMMOUW a vacancy ex 
, tils for a person wllti sain , or 
management experience Tele- 
pnone COCO 28*90 


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Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London to Basle 
fexeepi Sundays). 

Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Swjizeriand a! 
least unlit the Sunday 
afier arrival- 
Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Bookings and full con- i 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-4394144. 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

162 168 Regent S W.l 
TEU 01-427 8255/8/7/8 


£400 Quo* 
E4D0 tsonbui 
£340 JtoBtf 
E«00 Km* 
£735 RuLiSn 
5460 Kuwait 
£350 tt YVk 

£3*5 Steal 
£235 Sva.t 


To 0**39 3S1VS107 

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KairoM. Jo-Burg. Cairo. Du 
bai. tsunbtd. Suigapore. K L 
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Permanem A temporary p ca- 
tion*. AM&A Spectate* Rtc. 
Cons Ol 734 0532 


7 fytotolttt ytoaKh 

N York £22? I'bcre - C409 
|lorAr.g£3!y Nairobi £339 
I C639 '3cnqkoi£339 
Auck ;*7£0 Tarorjo £239 

-130 Jermyn Jlraet, SWT 
I Scheduled fllpMr t39 7144 
tudgtt flight* 039 71*6^ 

Diabrtcs is not infeciious but 
it can strike anyone li is still 
incurable bui we can fight 
the damage and suffering it 
cm cause- every year more 
than l jOO children develop 
diabetes, the hidden disease. 


TO Queen Anne Sweet London 
lWIMOBD m.; iviiikv. Xt" 

London's IMtnf spactatol m 
now and reuortd piano* for mo 
laromi giMaw iei«uon avail- 
awe 30a Hlghgate Rd. NWS. 
Ol 267 7671. Free catalogue. 

Rawwood No 61793. se- 
cond . hamkomr b taram ctU 
£2.500 ono. Ol 736 3277 

MANO POD SALE. HaW grand, 
wainui D'Aimaute By W H 
Barnet. 1930's. £•« Tel; 
042873 6856. 

tffKM PIANO for sa*r New , 
black lacquer. £20t» ono 0273 

CONDON BLEU ■ cr wmllorj Ort- 
vover 21- required lo cook to 
Villas ’on Boats tins summer in 
Greece. Turkey rtcJYiooe 
Small world 01-27* 9008 or 

03*2 27272 


87 Regent Street. London Wl 
Tet *39 tfH.UK.Onnm. 
Atso inbeljM, dom ump,pefm 


Wortdendc tow co9 flqfn- Hit 
DeS-aid w can prove it 
170.000 tons snee ttTQ. 
FROM E765 



FULHAM 2 bdrrn ground flr nal 
Tree lined vt Long lease, toon 
garden. £76.000 Tel Ol 729 
4100 tWl; 01-381 5771 iHL 




Spacious f.radng *« fir 24' 

PUUWCLLA iCalanondal SoutK- 
ern Spain is liter* a lady 

CHELSEA, cnanmng tunttetted 
mavvonetle Large recrottnn 
overlooking square Klicttcn 
with sundeck Two dble. 1 sgl 
beds 2 Ballet Own entrance 
Co Jet only £3 96.00 p.w. Tel 
01 3S2 7123 

BARNES. 241 h April - 3l« May.; 
imcmih l« floor S bed fla I. , 
gdn L11B pw Ol 7*8 7537 ' 

studio. gaMery. balcony. K*B. 
£75.600. TH 689 9400 eve 


wattling lo purchase a *7 share I LUXURY SERVICES FLATS, 

in mv beautHui 3 bedr o om 
apartment. Lovely »ea & moun- 

central London from C326 pw. 
Ring Town H*e Aids 373 3433 

lain view*, large commu na l j LUXURY SERVICED Abartmens 

gardens and swimnano pool 
Reply to BOX 03*. 

CITY cxcec u Bve flat to lei TaMe- 
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presugtous adress In luxury 
block Company KL 01-460 

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to Europe. LS A A mod d«Uaa- 
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s wn zi HLAMD ScaeduKd cagna . 

01-724 2588 ABTA ATOI 

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logne A Dieppe Time Off -3a. 
Chester Close. London. SWlX 
700- 0 1-236 8070 
• o W £396 tin EGOB. Auckland 
O.w £420 On £774 JOtourg 

0 w £264 rm £470 Los Ange- 
les o w E177 rm £335 Loodon 
FUght Centre 01370 6332 

ROT TURKEY. 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht horn Ea JWO p w. 
loyUic on vale beach hotel Ir 
£330 pp <2 weeks, toe fill. Free 
waiersports with both. 01-326 
1006 ATOL 2091 
ROUND WORLD c7«5econ. Otto 
Ir £1699. firw tr £2036, Syd- 
ney fr £689 rm Columbus- 
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Square. EC2. 01 929 *261 
Fugues from fiKW UK airports. 
Many tale special o ffer* ■ f afclQT 

01 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
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Worldwide cheapest _ (ares, 
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TUNISIA For thai pertec* holiday 
with sunny days A carefree 
nights, weal for March. April. 
T unma n Travel. 01-373 441 1. 
CUto and Id Bedfare 01-394* 
>64? AM 1400 
ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga Me - 
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01 681 46*1. Horsham 68641 
Genuine discount fares. 

I OTC 01 602 3236 
ITs oft ui Hi classes. Bern 
Travel Ol 388 641*. 


POLLOCK On March llta. 
peacefully in hospliaL Joan 
Florence Helena aged 89. of 
Fores! Row. Sussex, widow 
of Bertram Pollock K.C.V.O.. 
D D~ tele Bishop of Norwich 
mother of Rosalind. Funeral 
Service al Maresfleld. on 
Tuesday 18th March at 
2.30pm. Family flowers 
only- but If desired donations 
to The Royal Common- . 
wealth Society for the Blind. 1 

FRANCE urgent - family seeks 
strong man 18 20 . driving li- 
cence. waiting to improve 
French From AnrtJ lo Sepl Or 
Corotvat. 56. avenue victor 
Hugo. 33120 Arcachon. 

near Skwne Squa re A sh lore 
worth Lid 01-681 8008 iTl 
Kensington. Col TV ranr wM. 
tlx Coflingham ApB 373 6306 
ST JAMES SWL Luxury 2 bed 
funs lunushed serviced art nr 
part. Ct 373 6306 <Tt 
Fuuel in family me. Fern Pref. 
£55 pw Tel.Ol 672 9666 evo 

REGENTS PARK NW1 attractive 
maaoiwne dose lo pane, shops 
and transport Fully turn, 
recep. Wl. 2 beds, bath 
£140 pw Avail 6 months. Ol- 
387 6673 or 01-369 2123. 

den flat 6 nuns 

£ 10 Opw. Tet 01-622 0229. 

THANKS to Sacred Heart A St 
Jude lor special favours. 
Pram PUb. LL 



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* Stenif • 



SFAmasco * 


pnrev t 4 2 weeks hottMs A 
aparts Pan world Holidays 01- 
734 2662. 



aum-muMM • on nm 
March, peacefully. Arthur 
Joseph, aged 88 years, nus- 
band of the late Mary 
Constance, loved father and 
grandfather. Service al Si. 
Joseph's. Mllfora. on Mon- 
day I7ih March at 11.30 am. 
All enquiries to Ay ling Fu- 
neral Services. Guildford 

lations on your ?1 sl love and 
best wishes Cathy. 



REDD AH On March to peaceful, 
ly at ms home. New Collage 
Pell Sussex. Horace Cedi aged 
93 Funeral servxe at 61 Mary 
6 SI Peter Churcn. Prtf at 
2<i9om Tuesday March 18. 
Flowers to Arthur C. Towner. 
2-8 Norman Road. SI Leonard* 
on Sea Sussex by I pro me same 
I day 


March 1936 ai toe Church of 
SI Thomas a BeckeL South 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 

Well esiab introductory servxe. 
Phe lei far aprt. 01609 5491. 
313 Bromrton Road. SW3 
SWIL prof m l n s share so ac 
new dec nal All mod cons. !□ 
nun lube. £40 pw ead. 01-928 

SW1S. 3rd girt snare eomf nal 

nr Earhiietd BR Own «ru. 
room £120 pcm. 22S-B347 afL 
4 SO. 

SWL two girts lo share clviltred 
Fulham house O R Allamenj- 
lies £170 pcm. exrt. 01-385 
5943 levesi 

WMBLEDON Female. non- 
smoker Large own rm. share 
kitchen 4 bam £50 pw Incl in 
advance, th oi-9*6 oaor 
BAKER ST. Prof F N • S for dbl 
room in lux nal. £90 pw evcl 
TW 2Bb 3797. 

** SOUTH MftHC* ** 

* IB1 ♦ USA * US* *USA * 


Large secluded character 
country property. 3 years 
old. with detached collage 
in grounds. 4 bedrooms. 

4 receptions, large country 
kitchen. 2 acres. Private 
drive. S mins function 12. 
45 mins Paddington. 

59 South Sl Epsom. Surrey 
(037271 27538/25530/27109/ 
253 1 5/24832/26097 
Trtei 24667 

MALLORCA For coumrysMe 
houses, seaside villas or a farm- 
house noswry ab wmt pools 
and away from Uir crowds, call 
Patrtrta wikltkood Ud 0249 
81 7023 or 01-668 6722. ABTA 
ATOL 1276. 

hv an order dated 6Feb- «SOiW«xh|hgg^ bU*aW 

marv 196* loHawing a -rammi 

ri-feiromo Uie Tnnunai b> tnr 

(.^nraiauxnapn Esnuton' Agio -SHE* S*? 1 01 
nalion « Oral Bruam aod CUkTACT US U yen tow lhe 

lirtandol 220eanblrret London very best SMecdon Of Mpenor 

»1 ■ttrrrtnaflri . tailed ■ me - Oats M IIHM HI t*N*- 

VwHuinn'i and lunlKv varied Dwh Constoadp e. TU Ol 

I e/'ll iviFYnrrc ■ • hv me imnui hv order* -dated 24* 7383 Telex silrlBL 

LT.UAX.mJlli.Cd II nov nnner I9oo and 24 Orto HAMPSTEAD Be jurtre fuel 

— — hn 1973 loBowmp funner muiani of brauhfuf flao- 1 OMe 

-V..., — n Bwnk 'rteieroev bv ine Onumaior m bntroon. ■ rtwn-pten 

TSS ^JSSS *he AsLorudaon wm. nv lounge ktatwn. AMnwd com. 

'•"'8*2 *" obirctor. and an £15* pw Oi-*55 63TIL- 
1 JtS. “'hx «**ied parly ' . Stall SUPERS NEW dM hse e« 

1 ropi. ol lhe nonce rt further (mb frdeC A bens. igritM* roc. 
fhe HWH Cou* 2_ Of_ JuMCt. rHerrai^. KMriMt ttw Pir k«l 

OrtwiatorN. Swiem eot of Case. ’S2S?Ota teLVsMBtoTswtfi 
DhUfCt BegM/y. 1986 R No. 190 served on toe A saor iaU ow rot 788 48*1 

by Sarah C^abetoRandrti and loth March 1986. iimn ffrir*- 

others can of 70 Rtdunond HdL rh* Onouutior ali>grt um in W2 Gsroonp ntcf Mfwix 
Bournetnouth. Dorsd. to which l hrhohi^ «tei^ wraKtor Stoy me We. gg». 3 beds. 2 b rtbs.2 : 

the Pttinuaa- ctehn * tor toe an- r K ^7SS 

Street. Mayfair. London Wl 
TAKE NOTICE mat an action 

in the High Coon 

1 ropv ol tor' notice of further ] 
referent e. towsber with trie ] 

tenwii-tar-w bWdeMeM ol Case. 
phTr* 1 wgny- *2 1 xe. served on toe Anorwwn oas 

by Sarah EteabetoRandrti and i«h March 1986. 
others care of 70 RKlunond MIB- nv onmnaior ahe 
'Bournemouth. Dorset to which lhr ^ oiii, umm 
the Ptamuas- tfahn is far im mv 



toe M dta»toWto .umlsiuodui Wedcru European 

puinlinnil or ft R*Cf*\er and (miiwinn hkl rat** q< rovilbn y. 

Manager of iht proim known tmvWr ^mn ‘T* tot ’ut- Q> fci TM Ol. 

to Orogarry. 7S SL Mktoart COMPU TER HED Servlca W 

Road. Bournemouth- o»a lot cnv. haOei and aura IstaMBtL B branches lo torte 

and THAT H has been ordered ^ m mrrrases m costs >on *2T. 5810 Jtowooca to« 

by the Hpfr Court J* talcw Otol whurrediiv iheOtneiMtor.aresi ' Heidal Acctmt PtfXMtoCN .. 
serelceof WsWrtitotoeartiac- w«, me lov-dues payable FULHAM nalaw lafttiNM 
wo n on you b e effected W mtt uimVi me Ornanlort TanU LP" . ' family Jnuse. redac.' Q -beta- 
• __ iv .ivuMwnab- and proposals are Long CO lei £450 pw. Nucha* 

direct sai 

AND FURTHLH TAKE N* I nuxli- wito Ihn D*Hen 

TICE toal you must wflNn 14 

am 3*1-7787 

» ... 


TEL: 0734 744482 


Various Man*, tel May tops, 
pneas tiom Teranla ink £219. 

pness from. Tirana 8 Iwk E21B. 
2ate £239 Mgane lak £159. 
2«ks fl?9 Crate Coda tknms 
Ink E129. 2MS £139 Rhodes. 
Paros Poms 1«* £1*8. ?wte £159 

er ol eftL'ut or hotel asom plus 
MM tram Gaiaick or Mancnestm 
(SUB! a S5BS and 2UIL 

varnnu noumys 

TH. LONDON 91 250 1355. 
MANCHESTER t»1 B34 5893. 
SHEFFiaD 87*2 331109. 
ATOi 2031 

Cadbury. Sotnersei. Anthony I puiR ST. Lady snare large nai. 

lo Shetiah. Now uvtng near 
Crowtmroutfi. Sussex. 

O R £56 pw me CM. gas 4 
elec 935-3614. 

lovharrnouve O B £160 pcm 
end. Ol 741 0672 ere 

ELERS On March 12th. Peter 
Cnariw Edward, peacefully. 
Requiem, followed by toter- 

SAMPSON - On lhe IZth or 
March. 1986. peacefully 41 
Colcheter General. Anthony 
i Sammy). Funeral ai the 
church. GoplhaU. Llnie 
Wignroouin. Nr. CoKhesier. 
Essex, on Saturday. 15th of 
March, at 12.00 noon Fam- 
ily flowen only, donations lo 
, RNU. 



Bunns FAOH 


June. Sert Beauulul converted I 
farmhoure at 9 character- 
Sleep** 10 HugroaTOen Ten- 
nis. LtSObw 0272 738213 
lany SfMc and rural collages 
some with pools. Ml 
avaliaUHly 0228-337- 

477 33S761. 

COTE D'AZUR villa garden art- 
port. aiauraue May to on 
pnone brtush owner std Old 
393 559281. 

daya from lhe MWama of Utol vitsimig to ornoo Kl me credm 

advertBwneni wclupve of O w liah at llto OnqKwuor or to to- 
day of such puO UcrtW acknowv | nu<fc . ^ ^ Bntmalnv . 

oioanivaifon or Art-ton RAMK1UO OcBtoK hnMML 2 . 
to green m me credrn - bed*;, super rood Ml., roactou* 
luronsw w or ip or wungr. Qwrt road b« cioaeto 
party to toe IWr e Wlliic; bus 4 tubs £185 pw. *311263 

-hotod upon lo toe underognnd sowe rs. KYI luxury bpRbetor 
Summons by romoteurvg a pre- u, m, mannn ptesrnoed ny lhe iil^ TT i. tSTS 

,r n nr Prtirenarei Rmtrt Trfbunat RUiM ^ 

ACMtowteOgetne nf of 8mricf too5r«m utrt. than 7 awu I98b StoMm wiTW 7 ^ ^ 

wntch may be oa auRti on re- | irr pnM»tt>niu Riqm TrAkm4 Bufnawns i&i -7/fw • 

ouot from the Senators wimsc Bam 1509 s Mauw " J0IP€» WOOft jWr 

* CI ? b * a J ". «*rtto»»arei R«trt Tribunal Rulel 

ACMwwvieooemg nt of service too* rail utm man r Anru 1986 
writcn may be oaonned on re- i pn WW . IW Ritou Tmnm 
qu« <™n »* So HOtors w oo** Bonn. 1509 M^leWoirtr. 
name and addrero apprer ntow. w tt iika wmrn 
otoerw WeJudg amem may he oh- ■ >m unn %vr t R «tp. 
tamed agauus wl ____ I 1 Karoeii 

70 Rich mood hu — — 


overlooking ' ReoePTS. tore. '7 
bed. recep. ML tata. -GOT- Co 
. Lrt. £226 pw 58*06*5. — 
SraOMOMSWI due 2 bed 



Donn WATSON; flat 3. Martnor court.' 
uef: JHB) Canusvin ItoU. CUHOMR-Gei. 
PMnUflV soucuors Essax. died mere on Bin Seotrtn- 
DatedtoeUwrteuih day of March bar 1983. lEsui* atxtui £204301 

meni al ThnUd Parish I SCOTT James Maurice. On 

enurth. Essex, on Wednes- 
day 1 9th March a( 12 noon. 
Family flowers only- Dona- 
llons lo Thaxied Parish 

March 12th. peacefully afler 
a snort Illness, husband of 
Adriana father of Jeremy. 
David and Hamah. Funeral 

Box imo . 

C o Times 
Nrwvp.iM '1 - 
P O Box 484 
\ irumia HI reel 

CAUBHK CVS protewtofuny 
wrillcn and produced 
rumnam v liar doviunenls. 
Detail* Ol 580 29W 
iidrniiai dorurortus oetn rred ip 
lhr Lh and Europe ESI. 1C 
wear* Trt 0279 20306. 
and L*qa> Assrgnmenl* under 
torn World wide 0708-41506 
FRIENDSHIP. Love or Mamaqe 
All »«. areas DaiHine Drpl 
•016' 23 Abingdon Road. Len- 
non Wfl Trl Ol 938 101 1 

HaNoS p i oblw a s 7 
We flnH USA pfO flucB 8 compo- 
netus negona n) slip end 
rnonDiy - ill pfoducts. 


1995 Bfoxiway. Sum 1500. 
New Toni. NY 10023. USA 
TdBr 238567 Rape! l« sli AJi 
Teiewone (212) *96 7682 
We also taoftwe and 

distribution ot you products r 
the U3. 


The lowest cost nights 

Earochecfc Travel 
02 >542 4613 
01.-543 4227 

Estab 1970 



Lnfki Crcrt tarty offer bonufal 
gmae ulto. nudioL taatu w* 
pool* far 

Emr Dtpi. 25/3 * IM 
Ctak Easier Dip- 2/4-29/4 

M £220 «w: DBCTUnbW »>' 
T7S7 ' " . 

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n t. ttto e. 1 Oearooto m tout tor 

named are reguedad to apply to um Itl 937 8866- 

tor Tretoury fieudtor i»vt „ m t 

Queen Amrt Chamber*. 2B 

Broadway. London SMiH VJS. Jrej^JJ'lCotel £W P"" 

Jailing winch lhr Treasury Sotto-. SS- - : • 

Mr-lDflV take SCP* IP MfflMtor . MO ° ; » »■»"?«_- — • 

; WMtt Thr iwmnwto iwg 

in the matter ol kathlynn mt wdmmmwh <m renta, 
BCILPERS m utt e d by ordar of proeerttes In CeMraT and prune 1 
me High Coun of Jumre dawn Lowwostwo £l80/£2^00pw. 
1801 day of October 1985. w*. TWtCKKHHAHT. Stroerh 'Oat 

290 kinotaory. Road. London-. hafetMv. prufirnr £4io -prm- 
TvV/9 0B6- have been WMOUN qi 3630^11 tfMt. WS'n* 0 
UOUTDATOB of -lhe Above- " 

named Oompaay wufi a 11*. COMBAiev.aertw fura peon* 
Corommee of lmpertfo». hi heal London aw 

Dated nut SOto day or January CABBAN * GASELEE-fEtteM 
1986 . Agantti'Ol Bfl9 3481 

Tet 01-994 4462/5226 

K,' • 



Over 1-4 million of the 
most affluent people in the 
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MONDAY Edacitiott Umver- WEDNESDAY Lx Creme dt la 
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L« Creme de la Creme: 
TUESDAY Computer Horizons: 

a comprrhensivt guide lo the 
computer marfceL 
Legal Appointacnts: Solicitors. 
Commercidl Lawyers. Legal 
Officers. Pnvaie & Public practice. 

Town & Country, Overseas, Rentals. 

THURSDAY GeMtalAppdu- 

motts: Chief Execuuves.Managing 
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FRIDAY Mutoix A complete car 

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Legd La Creme: a new classifies- classification entitled Finadai and 

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Pen Frieadsa new classification for 
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we will contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of msemesv . 

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CZbsHwI Ad«ertisenenr ftftwg getTtaa Newspipm Lrd. iVd>« tiso fte0tOe|gri 
Meat. TQ.Bqx 484. ViieMai Street. Uaukw El ^)D. 

NAME ., V • ' ' '-'.Jj- • ' - k 

ArmRFKS \ ■ • : -- 

*;* > . 
v -••f. '-ap 

TELEPHONEft^vUrncl _____ 

-Date of insert in* - ‘'-w 

. inf3*ciilbtoUab.-frirF0*(iiiE«n>l|HBtfM9i - 

m i "i tt n a a 

. i ■ 

•v : -S *- '• ■ 

\ :*;• 


• *1‘ • ■'■ 

1 ' *-. 


1 r;i 
*2 (•. 
*s? : ; . 

-■V** V 

100 GMfoxAM. 

150 BrnfctestTim«with 

■ t. Seflna Scott and Mike 
Smtth. Weather at 6LS5. 
735,7^5, 8^5 andtfe 
. regtanalnews^wBather 
and traffic at 637,7.27, 
7J^ antf 127; nmional and 
marnaticnai news at 7J®, 
. . aport at 7.20 and 
Lynn Faufos Wood's 
■■■: eort*wT»r report at 8.15. 

'. 4 f|P*>. ■' 

-- 5 N ■ 

' •.** 4 . . 

.: t '. 

- - «4 '* 

' '■ ^ ■; 

to find out what the pubBc 
wants trom me 
ChanceBofs bL_ 

Tuesday; saKlen-^ 
advice; and toe tat^t pop 

fnidp naauB r 

020 Ceefax1(L30Ptay School, 

“"r Carol 



, with west Brian 
Jameson (r) foio Ceefax. 

1230 Newt After Noon with 
Frances Coverdato and 
David Davies, includes 

• news headlines wftft 
subtitles 12^5 Regtonal 
news. The weather details 
come from Michael Fish. 

1.00 Pebble MB at One with 
PauA Cota and Marian 
Foster. British Fashion 
Woek Is reviewed by Jeff 
Banks and Jane Lomas; 
and Peter Seabrook has 
-advice for gardeners 
Whose plots have been 
ravaged by tost 1.45 
King hoBo (r) 150 Bric-a- 
Brac (r) 250 Ceefax 152 
Regional news. 

151 Lay bn Five, with FtoeUa 
Benjamin and Stanley 
Unwfo (rjitfl Heathcfiff - 
The Cat (i) 4.15 



A-A-MBne's Winnie the 
Pooh (0 4^0 Seoeta Out 
Another round of the odd 
hobbies quiz. ■ 

455 Mewaaroand Extra. John 
Craven reports on The 
World WUdOfe Fund -25 
Years On. and interviews 
the Find's president, the 
Duke of Edinburgh, about 
h» commitment to the 
preservation of wBdlife. 

5.10 Grange HU. Episode 20 of 
the drama series about the 
secondary schooL 

5JS The Firestones. Cartoon 
soles set in the Stone 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas Witched. . 


&35 London Plus. 

7JJQ Wogan. Tonight's quests 
- include Peter Bowfes, 

Little and Large, and 
Martin Sham. Music is * 

7.35 Btankety Blank. Las j 
Dawson's panel this week 
comprises Lionel Blair, 
Sharron Davies, Don 
Estelle. JiK Gascoine, Paul 
Shane and June Whitfield. 

8.10 Dynasty. Kate O'Mara 
T-a pns the cast as Caress 

Mored. a writer recently ; 
reteasedfirom Caracas -v 
prison, whose visit to her 
publisher could mean 
trouble for Alexis. 
Meanwhfle.Joef bares his 
heart to toe JmprfBbnetf - 
Krystle. whose husband, . . 
Blake, is suffering at the 
hands of flita. (Ceefax) ; ■■ 

SL00 News with John Hiimphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

950 Lovejoy. The second and 
final part of the mystery 
surrounding a forgers’ 
workshop and Lovejoy, In . 
Venice, meets a Scot nAh 
the nickname Luciano . 
(Fulton McKay) and 
together they unravel toe 
. mystery surrounding the 
twin sisters Caterina and 
Lavinia. (Ceefax) . 

1020 FBm: AU Quiet on the 
Western Front (1979) 
starring Richard Thomas 
and Ernest Borg nine. 

Erich Maria Remarque's 
ctessic anti-war story 
about a group of German 
schoolboys who, at the 
outbreak of the First World 
War are urged by their 
schoolmaster to enlist and 
.r to win a 

i victory. 

i of glory are soon 
overshadowed by death 
and degradation m the 
trenches of the Front This 
second film version is 
directed by Delbert Mann. 

1250 Weather. 


*-15 Good 

Morning Britain, 
r7 t9dt>yAnne 

jnd and Nick Owen. 

and 7J4; Popeye 

POP video 



i St 8.45; and 

. .jt rtimer talks 

about her controversial 


S’H Iba^ea news headlines. 

830 For Schools: The natural 
history of the seashore 
847 How We Used to Uvk 
the Roaring Twenties 
10.09 Junior maths; 
patterns 1IL26 Disease 
and fnnocufafion 1848 
English: A Passage to the 
East End by Farrukh 
Dhondy 11.15 toe process 
of making a bar of ' 

. chocolate 11^7 Inside a 
telephone exchange 11.44 
— _ 0888 computers. 

12410 Benny. Adventures of a - 
dog. For children 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning aboud 
sounds with the help-of 

1230 writers on 

Richard Hoggart In 
conversation with C 
Raine, poetry editor o 

•.* Faber and Faber. 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
- Parfdn 150 Thames news 
130 Fine Park Plaza 60S* 

. and Eva Bartok. 
Thrffler about a_ private 
detective who finds 
danger when he keeps a 
date he received through 
unorthodox channels. 
Directed by Bernard 

3.00 Mr and Mrs. Quiz game for 
couples, presented by 
Derek Batey 335 Thames 
news headlines 330 Sons 
and Daughters. 

44M Rainbow. A repeat of the- 
programme shown at 
12.10 4.15 James the Cat 
4^5 Efim's Pink Wlndma 
Show, with Rod Hull. 

5.15 Connections. Sue Robbie 
with another round of the 
-qu iz game for teenagers. 

5.45 News with Carol Bames 
&00 The 8 O’clock Show 
presented by Michael 
' AspeL - 

7.00 Albion Market. Jazfoces a 
. grim future. (Oracle). 

7.30 Murder, She Wrote: 

- School for ScandaL 
Jessica Fletcher arrives at. 

• Grenshaw Colege to 
detiver an address and 
receive an honorary 
degree. But the happy 
- occasion is threatened by 

- • the discovery of a body on 
■ the campus. Starring 
Angela Lansbury. 

830 Thafs My Boy. Comedy - 
series starring Molly 

’ Sugden, this week- .. 

- overjoyed that romance 

.■■'•■L. has entered Miss Parfitt's - 
Ufa With Kenneth Connor. 


31 _ 

’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


9J» AufW8e de r se hen, Pet . 

. The Geortita brickies find 
. -that foe dev* finds work - 
for idlebanrte alter they 
have to stop their labours 
.. onThomtey Manor when it 
is diooverad that it is a 
_ fisted buHtflriglPracte) 

10.00 News at Ten with Alastair 
- - Bumetand Pamela 


1030 The London Programme. - 
John Taylor examines the 
threat to the Green Belt 

Han, Essex. Followed by 
London news headlines. 

11.00 South of Watford. Hugh 
Laurie examines how 
London has been 
portrayed in films over the 

1130 Special Squad. A gain of 
drug dealers seem to be 
always one step ahead pf 
toe pofioe. 

1230 Mirror Image. Camel, 
recorded at the Odeon, 
Hammersmith. ... 
135 Night Thoughts from 
Margaret Hebbiethwatte 
on the subjects of 
motherhood and God. 

Marti Caine; Sporting Chance, 
<» BBC 2, 9.00pm 

• A late-night ch!8 falls over BBC 
tonightNot your two-a-penny 
horrors from the bottom ot the 
Hammer barrel, but a chiller of 
exceptional quality. Once seenjt 
can never be forgotten. THE 
(11.45pm) was Chartes 
Laughton's one and only 
directing assignment Hew. you 
wffiask yourself, tfid he get to 
team the tricks of toe trade at 
one stroke? How else but by 
watching many masters at work 
behind me cameras white he was 
to from of them for nearly a 
quarter of a century, acting 
everybody else off the screen. 

• Not much else to recommend 
on television tonight with the 
exception of heat four of ONE 
930pm) followed by the retom of 
Ludovic Kennedy in DID YOU 
SEE...7 (1 0.1 0), so let me point 


ahead to the weekend and 
recommend Sunday night's 
Screen Two film BLQOO HUNT 
(BBC 2 . 10.10). adapted by 
Stewart Conn from Neil Gunn's 
novel. Outwardly just the story of 
how a murderer on the run is 
helped by a Scots femter.ttos is 
actually a complex study of 
loyalty and the lengths to which 
some men will go to repay old 
debts. Superbly photographed in 
the Scottish Highlands by Stuart 
Wyktand most impressively 
acted by Andrew Keir as the 
protective termer. 

• Weekend radio 
highlights: Marking the night 100 
years ago, that Leeds saw 
the first performance of 
Suffvan's oratorio THE 
GOLDEN LEGEND, comes a live 

transmission of the work 
from the same city (Saturday. 
Radio 3. 730pm). We hear the 
music by which Sullivan said he 
wanted to be remembered. is all but 
forgotten -Sunday night 
(Radio 4.9.00pm) brings episode 
two of RB Amos’S 
dramatization of Manzoni’s / 
Promessi SppSi, THE 
BETROTHED. The translation 
tenderizes me 17th century 
sufficiently with the juices of the 
twentieth to allow us to 
swallow the rich, red meat 

without choking on it It is, of 

course, a great novel, and there 
are occasional reminders of 
its power m the narration, which 
that veteran broadcaster 
Richard Bebb handles with 
consummate skilL 

Peter Davalle. 

BBC 2 

6-55 Open University: 

Education -Who'll Be 
Mother? 730 Weekend 
Outlook. Ends at 735. - • 

9.00 Ceefax. 

935 Daytime on Two: A basic 
Spanish language course 
9.52 English: The Boy 
From Space 10.15 Matos: 
volume and balance 1038 
What fife was like for a 
ten-year okl factory 
worker 200 years ago 
1130 Passing messages 
without speaking 11.22 
How Austin Rover are 
meeting file challenge of 
the multinationals 11.44 
The contrasting fortunes 
' of two out-of-work young 
men 1235 The capabilities 
of microcomputers 1230 
Marketing 12J55 Ceefax 
1.10 Science: metals and 
- plastics 133 The ; 
techniques of drug 

- • smuggling investigations 
230 The consequences of 
teenage sex 230 How a 
- news reporter puts a story 
together. 2.50 Ceefax. 

530 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

535 FBnt: Brother of the Wind 
(1 975) starring Dfck 
Robinson. The story of an 
old Canadian Rockies 
man.Sam Monroe, who 
rear? a famfiy of four wolf 
cub& Directed by Dick 

730 Micro Live. Lesley Rudd 
tests her prowess on the 
multi-mUfion pound air- 
traffic control simulator at 

730 Ebony. Jufiet 
investigates the 
possibilities of toere being 
a black Miss United 

830 Moment of Truth. This 
second of six stories 
• concern two 17-year old 
boys on the books of 
Wanderers PC. If they^ 

have a ludatiYe ffs&xl 
future in front of them as 
football professionals; if 
. not they witi have no . 
aftemativebut to Join the 
ranks pf the unemployed. 

830 Gardener s' World . 
includes Donald MacLean 
'with professional advice 
on the best strains for the 
show potato grower. 

9.00 Sporting Chance. Stan 
Board man Jakes scuba 
dving lessons; Brian 
Blessed continues with his 
longbow course; and Marti 
Caine ends her ski-ing 
exploits with atrip around 
the Matterhorn. 


by Anneka Rice. 


Heat four. Three English 
shepherds test their skills 
on toe slopes above 

10.10 DM You See-?. Carol 

Thatcher, Brian Sibley and 
Sarah Greene comment 
on Scott Free, Mr Pye and 
No Limits. 

1035 Newsnight 11.40 

11.45 Ftime Night of the Hunter* 

itchum. Shelley Winters 
and Utiian Gish. Thrilter 
about two children, privy 
to the whereabouts of a 
fortune to stolen money, 
who are terrorised for the 
father's ex-cell mats .The 
only film directed by 
Charles Laughton/see 
Choice) Ends at 130. 


230 A Question of Economics. 
Are we powerless to 
control economic forces or 
do we need government 
regulations to achieve our 
objectives? Peter 
Donaldson chairs a 
discussion on the 
between Dr Madsen 
of the Adam 
Institute, and Dr 
John ELatwell of Trinity 
College, Cambri ' 

3.00 Dance Matinee. 

Stride perform Ian Spink's 
ballet De Gas which 
combines poses from 


documentary examining a 
wide-range of music 
making in Scotland 
against a background of 
the finest Scottish scenery. 
430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is chaflenged by 
Anthony Butcher, a postal 
worker from Banbury. 

530 Car 54 Where Are You?* 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two accident- 
prone policeman. This 
week, Muldoon is worried 
that his Job is in jeopardy 
because he is too tall. 

530 The Tube, presented by 
Jools Holland and Paula 
Yates. Among those - 
performing five are Robert 
Cray; Art of Noise and 
Duane Eddy; Talk Talk; 
and there is an interview 
with Jeff Beck. On film. 
Then Jericho in conceit 
730 Channel Four news 
730 Right to R»(y. Christine 
Chapman defends her 
report for Right To Reply 
in which she claimed that 
■ the drugs industry are 
over-cautious with regard 
to safety. 

8.00 What the Papers Say with 
freelance journalist 
Michael Leapman. 

8.15 A Week Jn Politics, 
presented by Peter Jay. 
This week's edition 
includes an obituary for 
the GLC and an interview 
with David Steel 
930 Brothers. When childhood 
memories lead to 
aggression Donald 
arranges for the brothers 
to undergo hypnosis to re- 
live their childhood. 

930 How Does Your Garden 
Grow. Philip Wood and 
David WHson visit the 
Comber garden of Andrew 
and Eileen Hogg. (Oracle) 
1030 Cheers. Carla, desperate 
for a mate, places an ad in 
toe paper. When she 
draws a blank the boys in 
the bar try to cheer her up. 




bout Metk-and Children. 
This second of three 
investigations into men’s 
expectations deals with 
their relationships with 
their children. (Oracle) (r) 
1130 Fibiu Work tea Four 
Utter Word (1967) 
starring David Warner and 
alia Black. Comedy about 
a layabout who takes a Job 
in a local power station m 
order to use the warm and 
steamy atmosphere to 
grow hallucinogenic 
mushrooms. Directed by 
Peter HaB. 

1.10 Ffiim Rupture (1961) 
starring Pierre Ataix as a 
young man who receives a 
dear John* letter. Directed 
Jean-Claude Canriere. 
at 135 

by Je 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. For VHP, see end of 

B .5S n Shipping 630 News 
630 Today, ted 630, 730. 

830 News 8.45 Business 
News 535,735 Weather 
730, 830 Today's News 
735, 835 Sport 738 
Thought tor the Day 835 
Yesterday In Parfiamem 830 
Your Letters * 

830 News 

935 Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Partdnson talks 

to Beryl Bainbndge (s) (r) 

9.45 Feedback. Chris Dunktey 
foAows up listeners’ 
comments on toe BBC 
1030 News; international 

1030 Morning Story; The Bus 
Conductor' by E F 
Benson. Reader. Hugh 

10.45 Daily Service (new every 
morning, page 102) (s) 

1130 News; Travel; File on 
Freud. Peter Evans 
examines research Info the 
effects of 

psychoanalysis and 
considers how much of 
Freud's theories of the mind 
remain intact (r) 

11.48 Hampshire Days. P.J. 
Kavanagh reads an 
account of thistledown 
drifting over toe south 
Downs from W H Hudson's 
'Hampshire Days' 

1230 News: The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper on popular bottled 
sauc es 

1237 Son of Cfiche. Comedy 
show starring 
Christopher Barrie, Nick 
Maloney and Nick WWon 
(r) (s) 1235 Weather 
130 The World at One: News 
1.40 The Archers 135 
Shipping Forecast 
230 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes a feature on 
people who are under 5ft tall 
330 News; The Betrothed 
(new series). A story of 
17th-century Milan by 
Alessandro Maiuoru (1) 

430 News 

435 Humour in Music. 

Leonard Pearcey talks to 
Henry Mancini 
430 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 

night's edition 

530 PIB: News magazine 530 
Shipping Forecast 535 

630 The Six O'clock News; 
Financial Report ' 

630 Going Places. Clive 
Jacobs and his team 
monitor the world of travel 
and transport 
730 News 
7.05 The Archers 
730 Pick ot the week. 

830 Stop Press. Nigel Rees 
examines what has been 
in the newspapers this week 
8.45 Any Questions? Viscount 
Etienne Da wgnon, 

Norman Lamom, Tony Benn 
and Sue Sbpman tackle 
questions raised by an 
audience m Brussels 
930 Letter trom America by 
Alistair Cooke 
, 945 Kaleidoscope. With 
Shendan Moriey 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 

'Bengal Lancer" the 
autobiography of Francis 
Yeats Brown (final pan). 

The reader is Tim Pigott- 
Smrth. 1039 Weather 

1030 The Wddd Tonight 
1130 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The Fmanaal World 

1130 Week Ending (s) A 
satirical review of the 
week's news 
1230 News; Weather 
1233 Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales omy) as above except 535- 
fi.OOam Weather; Travel 1130- 
1230 For Schools: 1130 Singing 
Together (s) 1130 
Conservation - Now 1140 The 
Music Box (s) 1130 See For 
Yourself 1.55-3 30pm For Schools: 
135 Listening Comer 235 Let's 
Join in 235 Ustan and Read 240 
Listen! 530-535 PM (continued 
1230-1.1 Dam Schools Night-Time 

C Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF 
variations, see end of Radio 3 

635 Weather. 7.00 News 
735 Momma Concert 
Leopold Mozart 
(Trumpet Concerto in D : 
Marsalis, with the 
National PO), Fsure 
(Barcarolle No 1 in A 
minor Crossiey. piano), 
Beethoven (Sonata m C, 

Op 102 No 1 (Jacqueline Du 
Pre, and Barenboim). 

Mozart (Symphony No 21). 
830 News 

835 Morning Concert (contd): 
Wagner (Fly tog 
Dutchman overture), 
Schumann (Symphony 
No 1). Rimsky-Koisakov(the 
musical picture Sadko). 

9.00 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Vivaldi. Concerto in E 
major. Op 8 No 1: Standage, 
violin, with English 
Concert). Concerto in D 
major, RV 562a: 

Kama, with Academy of St 
Marttn-in- Fields), 

Corrette (Psalm 148, after 
Vivaldi's Op 8 No 1) 

1030 Beethoven and 
Schumann; Martin 
Hughes (piano). Beethoven 
(Andante In F, WoQ 57), 
Schumann (Fantaswstucke, 
Op 12) 

10.40 Langham Chamber 
Orcnesira:Bndga (Suite 
lor strmoorchestra). 
1135 Violin and Piano: Nona 
LddeU and Daphne Ibott 
Mozart (Sonata in E flat K 
380), Dohnanyi (Sonata 
in C sharp minor. Op 21) 
1235 Midday Concert; BBC 
Scottish SO .with George 
Malcolm (piano). Margaret 
MarshaU (soprano). Part 
1. Bach (Suite No4.BWV 
1069). and Cantata No 

202. 1.00 News 

1.05 Concertrpart 2. Mazait 
(aria Ch'to mi scordi dl te. 
and Piano Concerto No 23. 

1.50 CatILoewe: Brian 
ScoWbantonel. Angela 
Livingstone (piano). 

Works include Tom der 
Renner, and Archibald 

235 Namesakes: Vienna PO 
in works by Josef 
Strauss (Fast Polka. 
Velocipede, and Die 
Li belle etc). Johann Strauss 
the younger (Fast Fotka 
etc) and Richard Strauss 
(Smfoma domestics. Op 

335 WF Bach Keyboard 
Music: Alan Cuckston 
(harpsichord). Fantasia No 8 
in C minor: Polonaise No 
10 in F minor, etc 

4.00 Choral Evensong; from 
Queen's Free Chapel of 

St George, Windsor Castle. 
435 News 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 
another musical 
selection. presented by Fritz 

630 Guitar Music: Wolfgang 
Lendls plays works by 
Narvaez, Milan, Mudarra. 
Domenico), Paganini and 
Maria -Luisa Amdo 

7.00 Bach: La Petite Bande 
play the Orchestral Suite 
No 1 to G. ( 


730 Music of Eight 

Decades: Part one. BBC 
SO/BBC Singers/soloists 
Anne Dawson.Jean 
Rigby, (an Caley, Peter 
Hall.Michaei George. 

David Thomas ana pianists 
Bruno Canino and 
Antonio BaBista. Eutvos 
conducts.Part one. 

Bemd Alois Zimmenmann's 

745 A Northern Spring: Frank 
Omtsby poems. read by 
Elaine CUudon. Erick Ray' 
Evans. Jim Norton and 

835 Concert part 2. 

Stravinsky (Threnil 
840 Conversations witn 
Alexander Pope: with 
John Rye and Trevor Nichols 
835 Concert part 3. Harrison 
Birtwistle (Earth Dances: 
first performance) 

930 Giovanni Legrenzi; 

- Tavemar Consort 


peortorm Compline. Op 7 
The Harlequin Years'.part 

six. Roger Nichols on the 
musical life of Pans after the 
First world War 
1130 Nocturne: Ghnka 

(Spanish overture No 2: 
Summer Nnfttin Madrid). 
Schumann (Nacntstucke. 

Op 23; GileJs. piano). Weber ( 
Wolf's Glen Scene, from 
Der Fraischutz) 

1137 News. 1230 Closedown 
VHF only.Open University. 

From 6.35am to 6.55. The Nature of 
Wuthering Heights. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. For VHF, see 

end of Radio 1 . News on toe how 
(except 830pm and 9.00. 

Headlines 5.30am, 630, 730 end 
830. Sports Desks 135pm, 

2.02, 3.02, 4.02, 535, G32,645(mf 

a ). 935. 

Cotin Berry (s) 630 Ray 
Moore (S) 835 Ken Bruce (fi) 1030 
Jimmy Young ind your legal 
problems answered by Bui Thomas 

Way (s) 4.i 
(s) 6.00 John Dunn (s) 730 Friday 
Night is Music Night. 830-840 
Interval. Piano interlude with Don 
tones 9.30 The Organist 
Entertains (Nigel Ogden) (s) 935 
Sports Desk 1030 Castle's 
Comer (with Roy Castle) 1030 
Cymrua Glover Sings with the 
Orchestra 11.00 Stuart Hall (stereo 
trom midnight) 1.00am Bill 
Rannels presents Nightride (s) 
3.00-430 A Little Night Music 

( Radio 1 ) ; 

On medium wave. For VHF, see 
end of Radio 1. News on the half- 
hour from 630am until 930pm 
and at 12.00 midnight 
6.00am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Read 930 Simon Bates 1 230pm 
Newsbaat (Frank Partridge) 

12.45 Simon Mayo 3.00 Paul 
Jordan from the Ideal Home 
Exhibition. Earls Court London 
530 News beat (Frank 
Partridge) 5.45 Bruno Brookes 730 " 
Andy Peebles 10.00-1230 The 
Fnday Rock Show with Tommy 
Vance (S) VHF Radios 1 & 2 * 

4.00am As Radio 2 10.00pm As 
Radio 1 12.00-430am As Radio 


6.00 Newsdask 7.00 News 709 Twenty- 
Four Hours 730 Jazz from Europe 7.45 
Merchant Navy Programme Site News 
B.Q9 Reftacoons B-15 Enqbsh Song B30 
Music Now 930 News 9JS Review of mil 
British 9.15 The World Today 930- 
Rnanciel News 9.40 Look Ahead 935 
Break last at Tiffany's 1030 News 1031 
The Classic Albums 10.15 Merchant Navy 
Programme 1030 Busmesa Matters 113Q ' 
News 11.09 News About Britain 11.15 hi 
The Meantime 1135 A' Latter From 
Northern Ireland 1130 Mendnn 1230 
Rato Newsreel 12.15 Jazz For The 
Asking 1235 Sports Roundup 130 News ' 
139 Twenty-Four Hows 130 John Peel 
230 News Summary 231 Outlook 235 
Letterbox 330 Rato Newsreel 3.15 The 
StarWara History 430 News 439 Com. 
memory 4.15 Soence in Action 4-45 The 
world Today 530 News 539 A Letter ; 
From Northern Ireland 5.15 Sarah and 
Company 830 News 839 Twenty-Four 
Hours 9.15 Muse Now 935 
Attars 10.00 News 10.09 The 
Today 103S A Latter From Northern 
Ireland 1030 Fmanaal News 1030 Re- 
flections 1035 Sports Roundup 1130 
-11.15 From' 

News 1139 Comn 

■ The 

mentary " 

Weeklies 1130 The Music ot Richard 
Rodneh Bennett 12.00 News 1239 News 
About Bntam I2.15Roto Newsreef 1230 
About Britan 1235 Recording Of The . 
Week 130 News 131 Outlook 130 The 
Classic A bums 135 Lattntiox 230 News 
239 Review or the British press 2.15 
Network UK 230 People and pokocs 330 . 
News 339 News About Bntun 3.15 The 
World Today 330 Transatlantic Outz 430 
I Newsdesk 430 That's Trade 535 TM 
I Work! Today-All times in GMT. 

RRfM WALES: 5L35pm-&00 

ritryj. Hblu TrvfeK, n -K.) m 

Wales Today. 835-730 
SponfoNo. 1230em-ll55 News and 
weather. SCOTLAND: B35pin-730 Re- 

porting Scotland. 7J 

omorrow's World. B35-8.10 Ringing 
Strings. 10 i20-10l 50 Left. Rirtrt and 
Centra. l03O-123Sem FSmfBBy Two 
Hais (19731 (Grego ry Peck> .i2»- 
1230 Weather NOhTHHRN IRELAND: 
5JSpm-530 Today's Sport 530- 
630 tesxle Ulster. 635-730 Take One. 
1230a»-1235 News and Weather. 
ENGLAND: &35pm-730 Regional news 

RRf*9 WALES: H-QOem-lUB 
Dp ^ Outlook: Alternative Technol- 

830 Eesfc East on Two.. North: An 
Englishman's Home. North East The In- 
ner Okies in Comma. South: South 
on Two: Sid end Matste and CWl and Oo- 
rts. Sooth West Art Exchange, 
west Naval Reserves MMuKtaSporting 


and Mrs. 230 Arcade. 230 The Bar- 
on. 330-430 Short StoryTheatro. 5^15- 
535 Btockbustsrs. 630 Channtf 
Report 630-730 That’s Wtwl You Think! 
7 30-838 Fafl Guy. 1030 Jane's Dia- 
ry. 1035 GKxaitar: Key to the Mediterra- 
nean. 11.10 Hnu island ol Terror. 
1230n Warded - Dead or Afive. 

TYMF TCPC As London ex- 
IJLSE-LEEs cept 130pm News. 
130-330 FBnt A Kings Story. 630 
Nonhem Lie. 630-730 What Would You 
Do? 730-830 Fall Guy. 1032 Extra 


Time. 1130 Film: EmptfeottheAna. 
1230am Thrae's.Comany, 



130 Country Practice. 235 On the 
Markev 235 Mr and Mrs. 325 Sons and 
Daughters. 355-430 Cnme Desk. 
5-1 Jk 535 Blockbusters. 630 News and 
Scuta nd Today. 630-7.00 Report 
730 Now Vou See 1 830-830 Benson, 
1030 Ways and Means. 1130 Late 
Cafl. 1135 The Master. 1235am Wanted 
-Deader Akva 1235 Closedown. 


130-330 FUmc Bnowanr Juncoon 
(Ava Gardner)- 630-730 Good Neighbour 
Snow. 730-830 Knight Rider. 1030 
Your Say. 1035 F8m: Black Camon. 

1 2.1 Qara Closedown. 


1230 Schools. 630p»-73§wato6 at 
Six. 1030-1 1.00 Dream That Kkdis. 
11.00-1 235am FBm: Black Carrion. 

TUO As London except 130pm 
: Y. News 1 30 Mr and Mrs. 230 Ar- 
cade. 230 The Baron. 330-4 J» 

Short Story Theatre. 5.15-535 Btock- 
busters . 630 Coast to Coast 630- 
730 Thafs What You Think! 730630 
Fan Guy. 1030 Facing South. 11.10 
Film: bland of Terror. 1230am Wanted— 
Dead or ASve. 1.10 Company, 


330 Film: Yesterday's Tomorrows 
(Memories) (Met Fbrrer) 630-730 News. 
730630 Kraghi Rider. 1030 Central 
Weekend. 1230 Film: Joseph Andrews. 
135am Closedown. 


130 Film; Sabotage. 330-330 Mr 
and Mrs. 5.15-535 Blockbusters. 6.00- 
730 North Tonight 730630 Knight 
Rider. 1030 Crossfire- 1130 Film: The 
Mummy(Peter Cushing). 1230am 
News, Closedown. 

RHRDFR M London except 
DMtWCtl 130pm News. 1.30 Wish 
You Were Here...? 230 When World 
Cofflde. 330-430 Young Doctors. 630- 
730 Furmy You Should Say That! 

1030 Fikrt Search ana Destroy. 12.15am 
News. Closedown. 

TCW As London except 1 . 20 pm 
1221 News. 130 Flm: A Lithe Ro- 
mance (Laurence OMer). 335-430 
Young Doctors. 5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 
630 Today South West. 630-730 
What's Ahead. 730630 Magnum. 1032 
FamPiay Dry (Michael Cakwl 
1230am Postscript Closedown. 


Reports. 130 F9m. Dangerous Da- 
vies the Last Detective (Bernard 
Cnbbmsl 335 Granada Reports. 

rs. 630 Gi 

3-30-430 Yoimg Doctors 

Reports. 630-730 Mouttnrap. 730- 


Potoupur. 530 Tin.. 

830 Knight Rider. 1030 This En^and. 
1130 New Avengers. 1230 Rnt 
And Now the Screaming Starts. 130am 

ANGLIA London except 
mivjuiw i jflBm News. 130 FUtik 
M an «i the Moon. 3.15-330 Cartoon. 
5.15-545 Blockbusters. 600-730 About 
Angfaa. 1030 Cross Question. 11.10 
FUm: Winged Devito- 1 .05am Message 
and the Music, Ctosadown. 

CAP Stans: 130pm Countdown. 

1 .30 Famrfy Ties. 230 Taro 
Nodya 230 Sion Sbri. 235 Opohvg. 

255 Interval. 330 FBm: The Fighting 
BBth* James Cagney). 450 Y 
Corachod. 530Mnus , . 

Tube. 7.00 Newyddion Sakh. 730 
Robot yCwm. 830 Ma' Kan Mat 8.40 Fel 
'Na Mae. 9^ Palu Mlaen. 940 FAre 
The Knar* ... and How to Get ir. 11.15 
Ghosts m the Machine. 1210am 
Week hi Politics. 1255 Closedown. 

Ill QTFR As London except 
HE-OJJrii 130pm Luncmme. 130 
Firm Mosgurto Squadron (David 
McCallum) 3-00 Mr and Mrs. 230-430 
Recollections. 830 Good Evwwtg lu- 
ster. 830 SpOrtSCM 640-730 Advice 
with Anne Hades. 730630 Knight 
Rider. 1030 Witness. 103S Falcon Crest. 
11-30 Barney Mfler. 1135 Show Ex- 
press. 1230pm News. Closedown. 


135 Help YotawH. 130 FUm: Mys- 
tery Juncboo*. 255 Home Cookery. 330- 
330 Wish You Were Here-.? 530 
Calendar. 630-730 Dtff rent Strokes. ' 
730630 Fall Guy. 1030 FHmr 
Cmo s Play. 1200 Thafs HoVywood. 
1230am Closedown. '■* 





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nkac el™ Theatre mctc D Td 
“Superb Cemte peHt ierere i," 
r T. “The i p * crecnU rty, taocue- 

i** Man on Sun 

CV9S 7 30 Mate Wed & Sal al 3.0 


la Cage aux folles 

Pm-tews trom April 22 
Frist Nituir May 7 
Trie phone credit boo»n*B now 
wveolr* on *37 7373. *37 TOSS. 
73* 8961 Fire Can 2* Hr 7 Days 
CC BOOfcin* 2*0 7W». Grt> Sait* 
930 6123. 


231 1 LAST 2 WEEKS C«CS ? *fi. 
Wed Matt. 2.30. Sate 4 0* 7.45 



From 3 Ap nl 

lyrkstumoi l ast g weeks 
E ies 8pm prompt. 

Adrian Mucheirs 


From JO April 

angry housewives 

LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Ave Wl Ol 437 3686/7 Ot-*3* 

1090. CC OI-*34 I860 01-73* 

6166/7 Flrn Call 2* hoar 7 aay 

re bookmns oi 240 7200 





Dtreeled by John Dexter 
-Greeted wnh tumulious 
applause** OaJTy Expres 
Etgs 7 SO Sal* ao *> 8.16 
wed Mate 30 
Croup Sale* 01-930 6125 

■National Theatre*? praecemum 
Uaqei Tom 7.A5. Tomor 2.16 

■low price mall A 7 45. Uwn 

April 3 io 5 utt Pert* the 
THEATRE. 45 miD PJAItorm 
peri all Ikla £ 2.00 

MAYFAIR S CC 629 »» W 
9999 Firti Call 2*hr 7 day CC 
240 7S60 Mon-Tftii S Fn Sal 
fr.40 JL 8 lO 



the business of 


The nil ihriller by Bit hard .Harm 
-The beat thnller lor yean SMir 
-Ah unabashed winner" S Eot 
■■A thriller thai aciiHnes « ari" 
-Sn»ational“ Times “The nwsi 
Ingenious mrsiery w tajj «► 


MERMAID CC i no booking leej 
01-236 .5668 OT 7*1 9999/379 
*433 re iBkg Fee} 2* hr T day 
2*07200 Crp um or 9306123 
Eves 0.0. Fn & Sal 6.0 A 80 
Dana Mamet’s 


direcied by Bin Srytten 

Prc- Theatre Food & Drink 
CAR PARK new OOOf 96p 
Other NT shows see National Th 


national theatre 


cottesloe Exeeuent cheap 

seas days of oerts ail mm res 
from 10 am RESTAURANT i929 
BarMtoei £2 Into 633 0880 

NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
Cl 006 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 
7 as Tue * Sal 3 OO A 7 *5. 



Grp Bookings OI -405 1567 or 01- 
930 612S lAppty daily to Box 
Olliee for rriurmi PosUI 
aopUraUont now being acremed 
until Augost 30. 

OLD VIC 928 7616.CC 261 1821. 
Grp Sales 930 6123. Preview* un- 
■U IB Mar i Opens Mar l9i Etes 
7 30. SM& 4.0 * 7 46 


In I he Welsh Natimai Open 
produ ction of 


Direcied by Howard Dai in 
A new May by J n H— MWcb a d 
bawd on the the & laler work ol 

CC 437 B327 or 379 6433 
— _ Cn> i?alr s 930 6IZ3 



ties 7 30 Man Thu & Sal 2 30 
Latecomers imm admueo until Ihr 




PHOENIX 836 229* re 2*0 9661 
or 7*1 9999 Ei esB Mai Thu 3 Sal 
5 ft 8 302* H r 7 Day First Called 
240 7200 


Standard Drama Awards 


A* Elia Prvury 




Ray JewrrswUlMay Eho PreUey 
on Monday Eve* poly 

_ THEATRE *37 
4 SOft, TM TUs CrifHi card 
Houmes 379 sacs, 741 9998 
Grp Sale* 63* 3962/930 (UL 
-A BrffUat MatereT BBC 

David frank 


Over 110 Rnftn OvaHoos 
Ere. 9-0 MM* WHUML 

73* 6951 Fieri Call ?4 Hr 7 Oaj,-* 
CC Booking 636 3464 Crp Sales 
930 6123 



Opens 14 May ji 7pm 
Red Price Pres sows front April 2o 

SAVOY Box Ofllce Ol 836 B86B 
CC 01-379 6219. B3fe 0479 Eift, 
7 46. Matinees Wednesday 3,0 
Sal unlay 5.0 £ B 30 

TOWN” S Times la-2 B6 







379 ry]i3(74i 9999 First Call 
24 nr ? day CC 2*0 7200 Grp 
Sales 930 6123 



Mpn Fri & Sal 5.30 ft B.SO. 

3T9 6*33/741 99*»9 FirU Call 
24 nr 7 day OC 240 7200. Crp 
bates 930 6123. Mon-Fn 8. 
Wed mai 1 Sal 5 ft 8.30 
Press from 2mn May. 

ST M ARTISTS 01036 1 * 43 , So* 
real OC No. 379 6*33. E 19 S B.O 
Tues 2 45 Sal 50 and a O 

3*tt> jrr af AOATHA CHRISTIE'S 


UPSTAIRS 01-736 3584 L«ji 
3 peril Ton'l 7 » tomor 3.30 
A 7 30 LUerpoot Ptayhmne 

SHOUT 6HAM0E by Terry 
Km ion. 


CC 340 720. E' os 7.30. &h Mu 



"Rebecca uonre 10 wardont- WOUty 

JEANNE The Miilul 


April to - May IO 
American BaUroom Theatre, with 
ine Pasaoena Root Ontmira. 
RoMiuia Newman * Dancers. Bui 
T Jones ft Anu* 2ane. Ring 2?g 
o«3B (or ocaour nracimre. 

ing now open lor 19*» season 
■ 0789> 295623. or ncketmaaer 
Ol -379 6*33 



from 31 March ROMEO AND JU- 

from 26 April TWO KNOBLC 
KINSMEN by Snake-speare; 
Flricner EVERY MAN IN HtS - 
HL MOL'R by Ben Jnnson THE 
ROVER by Aoflra Behn 
Special meal inearre deals and 
Hoi el Mopover rmg <07891 67262. 


“The very bes of Britain's cwmc 
lairni" Dally Mall 
See ambassadors Theaire 
S re Cnimon Tncaire 
See Whitehall Tnealre 
See DiehHS Theau* 
See separate entry 

VAUDEVILLE, WC2. Box Office 
and CC Oi-636 9987 6645 
Firsi Call .CC 04 hr»t 
01 0*0 7000. Eves 7 30 Wed 
Mate 2 30. Sate 5.0 ft 8.15 








O Mali 

VICTORIA PALACE 01 83* 1317. 
Ergs 7 SO Macs sac 2*5 


Te aae Udm tab u to re preWtetl af 
before April 25th fared Satur- 
days, ihM Fridays. Irj tor Moor. 
Thu WW WR . Bai OWN MH 

Im Office An we 
11am- 7pm fer c i-edli cards 
phear beeUaps only. 

WVNDHAM’S 836 3008 CC 579 - 
6S65.370 6*33 Gnu 836 ■ 
39oS. Eses 8pm. Sal S ft B sa- 
wed mate 3 


A musical ptw t»- ROBIN RAY.- 
Based on me Isle ft mime of • 


^ \SXx6 J 

- A**, Mm 

•vA- \if'. i_'^ . 




6 ***** 

First priJWfflt 17fft 

L»f\ i Lvi.*M\.v_n i7ou - — — : • ^ ^ 

Exploration on two fronts pushes back the vast barrier of space 


From Christopher Walker 

The oonnal secrecy which 
surrounds the launching of 
Soviet space missions was 
lifted yesterday when Soviet 
television broke into regular 
programmes to give live cover- 
age of the lift-off of a flight by 
two cosmonauts to the new- 
giant orbiting space station. 
Mir (Peace). 

The relaxed and meticulous- 
ly executed launch of the 
rocket propelling the two men 
iuto orbit on board their Soyuz 
TI5 craft provided a stark 
contrast to the disaster which 
recently befell the US space 
programme when seven astro- 
nauts were killed in the Chal- 

Western scientists de- 
scribed the decision to televise 
yesterday's launch as a reflec- 
tion of growing confidence 
among the heads of the Soviet 
space programme which has 
recently notched up some no- 
table achievements. One of its 
main goals is a manned flight 
to Mars bv the end of the 

Two of the Soviet Lmon s 
most experienced cosmonauts, 
Leonid Kirim. aged 44. and 
Madimir Solovyov, were cho- 
sen for yesterday’s mission 
which will be the first attempt 
to pot men on board Mir since 
its spectactnlar launch on 
February 20. Both cosmonauts 
were part of the three-man 
Soviet team which set the 
world space endurance record 
in 1984 by remaining in space 
for 238 days. 

Yesterday's launch from the 
Baikonur Space Centre in 
Central Asia was the first time 
that a lift-off has been broad- 
cast live here since the US- 
Soviet Apollo-Soyuz link up in 
1975 . The Soviet film, which 
was also beamed to the US by 
satellite, showed the two cos- 
monauts inside their craft as it 
sped into orbit and earlier 
joking with their controllers. 

According to Tass. their 
craft is due to link up with Mir 
tomorrow. The ambitions plan 
was described by Soviet offi- 
cials as bringing much closer 
the dav w hen the Soviet Union 
will have a permanently- 
manned station in space. 

Mir set new standards of 
comfort for cosmonauts with 
individual sleeping compart- 
ments and armchairs for the 
crew of 12- 

« — , . 

Vladimir Solovyov, right, and Leonid Kizim before the launch of their spacecraft 

.I.- ’ ■>** 

The two cosmonauts during underwater “weightless” training for the flight and the Soyuz 
launched at Baikonur yesterday to rendezvous with the Soviet space station. 


By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

The planned dose encounter 
last night between Halley's 
Comet and the European sat- 
ellite Giotto, some 93 million 
miles from Earth, represented 
the. climax of two extraordi- 
nary space odysseys. 

The first recorded observa- 
tion of the comet was in 130L It 
was seen again in 1531. 1607 
and 1682, leading Edmund 
Halley, the English scientist, 
to deduce its 76-year orbit 
The 9ft-tali European Space 
Agency satellite was launched 
from Karoo. French Guiana, 
on July 2. 1985, on its oght- 
raonth journey to the comet 
The comet's appearance 685 
years ago was recorded in a 
fresco, “The Adoration of the 
MagT. by Giotto Bond one, 
the artist after whom the 
sate llite is Today's 

Giotto will capture its image 
with a camera only 310 miles 
from the nucleus. 

RpHin signals travelling at 
the speed of light will take 
more than eight minutes to 
reach the ESA centre in 
Darmstadt Germany. 

The pictures are expected to 
reveal some of Halley's mys- 
teries. Two leading astrono- 
mers in Britain, Professor Sir 
Fred Hoyle and Professor 
Chandra Wickramasingbe, 
believe they may even disclose 
a lindens in several fragments. 

If so, scientists may have to 
abandon the theory that com- 
ets consist of frozen sub- 
stances and solid dust 

The encounter will be brief. 
The satellite will have only a 
few boors for its observations 
Giotto's journey will then 
essentially be over. But for the 
comet the odyssey may be 

• DARMSTADT: European 
scientists guiding Giotto say 
the chances are better than 80 
per cent that the gamble will 
succeed (AP reports). 

“All systems are function- 
ing perfectly and according to 
schedule,” Herr Rudiger 
Reinhard, the chief project 
scientist, said last night 

• TOKYO: A Japanese 
space-craft sent to probe solar 
winds has discovered radio 
waves emitted from around the 
comet the Ed notation Minis- 
try said yesterday (Renter 

Haney's Comet photographed through a 4fl telescope too. A-rtnfl. tea fays ago. 



crew reiaattESk 

— pj Afrrjfct V- - 

The Anstralian radio telescope timed to sepals from Giotto. 

Washington — A »■ 
vage ship has recovered jwts 
of the shuttle .ChaJfcngflX 
flight deck and cqfaauii'w 
astronauts from • the Adamic, 
sources close to the imtestigfe. 
tion aid (Mohsin 
- The USS Preserver returned 
to port on Wednesday will* 
the remains and other cabin 
debris. Two empty space suits, 
used in space walk*, were 
recovered along with some 
perantal lockers of the 
seven, according to ham radio 
enthusiasts . monitoring - re- 

i tin mi- 


Today’s events 

Koval engagements 
The Prince of Wales. Presi- 
dent. Business in the Commu- 
nity visits the Aberdeen 
Enterprise Trust. Wjlfowbank 
House. Aberdeen. 1 1. 

New exhibitions 
The Irish Bookfair. book- 
sellers and publishers of ma- 
terial on Ireland: The 
Bookspacc. South Bank. SE1: 
Sun to Sat 10 to 10 (ends March 

A Norse in Your Eye. sound 
sculptures: Barbican Centre. 
EC2: Mon to Sal 10 to 8. Sun 
and Bank holidays 12 to 8 (ends 
April 1 3). 

Work by Jannis Kounellis: 
Anthony d'Offay Gallery- 23 
Dcring Su New Bond Sl Wl: 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30 tends 
April 18). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Fabrics and Daydreams by 
Joyce Martin: Florida Res- 
taurant. Pound Tree Rd. 
Southampton: Mon to Sat 2.30 
to 9.30 lends April 7). 

Paintings by Philip Hicks; 
Gallery 10 Ltd. 10 Grosvenor 
Su Wl: Mon to Fri 10 to 5.30. 
Sat 10 to 1 (ends April 5). 

Talcs from the Mabinogion. 
Margaret Jones's original 
illustrations: Carmarthen Mu- 
seum. Abergwili: Mon to Sat 10 
to 4.30 (ends March 22). 

Last chance to see 
Travel: By 25 past and present 
comic artisis: Langton Gallery. 
3 Langton St. London SWI: 10 
to 0 (ends today). 

Meeting Point - 3 Painters; 
Stafford An Gallery. The 
Green: 10 to 5. (ends today). 

Drawings by Marjorie Niland: 
High Green School. Park House 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,993 


1 Put out the salty secret (8). 

5 Mischievous child in an 
awkward situation (6). 

10 To rear nameless flower (5). 

11 Prime Minister Paderewski, 
for instance, attracts 16 

J2 Study China's revolutionary 
jams (9). 

13 Come round to mock (5). 

14 Man prepared for action, 
turned and set off (7). 

16 Must the French be irritat- 
ing? (6). 

19 1 love fellows — that’s not to 
be repeated (3-3). 

21 Don't start tilting and top- 
pling (7). 

23 Good fellow, this murder 
victim (5). 

25 Not easilv deceived about 
tobacco (12.5). 

27 Raised black, shaggy sheep 

28 In practice. Nigerians are a 
warlike tribe (5). 

29 Hatred of monstrous crime, 
when gold is stolen (6t. 

30 Mark handwritten words 
that mean the opposite (8). 

4 Electors from here transfer 
no money (7). 

6 Reformed sinner has not re- 
tired (2.7). 

7 Rise of the Protector under 
the King (5). 

8 Girl who kept a diary? (6). 

9 City without a working gaol 
( 6 ). 

15 Salutation Sir Galahad pos- 
sibly heard (4.5). 

17 Relaved with flowers, 
doubtless (9). 

18 For instance, doctors swal- 
low initially four large iced 
drinks (3-5). 

20 Outspoken for an interval 
( 6 ). 

21 Puis on a diversion, to re- 
lease those 6 (7). 

22 Pitched high for a good 
score at dans (6). 

24 Shrab is a son of brush (5L 

26 Log is rewritten in Irish port 

Solution to puzzle No 16.992 


1 Show up Censor in separate 
notes (8). 

2 Another telephone? Next 
one is different (9). 

3 One is not confined at this 
comprehensive (5). 


Lane. Sheffield; 9 to 3 (ends 

Prints by John Muafangejo: 
Woodhousc Community 
Education Centre. Station Rd, 
Sheffield; 9 to 6 (ends today). 


Concert by the BBC Sym- 
phony Orchestra and BBC Sing- 
ers in the Music of Eight 
Decades series; Royal Festival 
Hall. 7.30; M 

Concert by the Lyceum Play- 
ers. works by Vivaldi. Bach and 
Handel: St Mary-Je-Strand. 
WC2. 1.10- 

Concert by the Ulster 
Orchester. Cecile Ousset (pi- 
ano): Ulster Hal). Belfast, 7.45. 

Recital by the Alexandra 
Quartet with Marius Schrecker, 
Niceol Centre. Brewery Court. 
Cirencester. 7.30. 

Guitar reciial by Rick Sand- 
ers. Martin Simpson and Fred 
Baker: Blackfriars Arts Centre. 
Spain Lane. Boston, Lines. 8. 

Concert. Music for Spring by 
Trio Xerxes (oboe): Ironbndge 
Gorge Museum. Iron bridge. 
Telford. 8. 

Concert by the Dutham 
Sinfonia and Durham llniver- 
sity Choral Society. Durham 
Cathedral. 7.30 
Concert by the Hungarian 
State Symphony Orchestra; 
Hull City HalL 7.30 
Guitar recital by Michael 
Conn: Nottingham Playhouse. 

Entertainment of the 17th 
Century. An Evening at the 
Court of Mantua. Schutz choir 
of London: Sl John's. Smith 
Square, SWI. 7.30. 

Talks and lectures 

Masierpieces of Persian. 
Turkish and Mughal Painting. 
12: Manuscript treasures from 
India, both by Barbara Brand; 
The British Museum. Great 
Russell Street, WC2. 2J0. 

Restoration of Paintings: 
Clarification or Confusion of 
the Past? by Sarah Walden: 
University or London. Warburg 
Institute. Woburn Sq. WC1, 5. 

Renaissance Architecture as 
an Image of Society by Dr John 
Onians; Gustave Tuck Lecture 
Theatre. University College, 
Gower Sl. WCl.6.30. 

Control of Power within the 
European Communities by 
Lord Mackenzie Stuart; Haw- 
orth Lecture Theatre 203. 
University of Birmingham. 3. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Backbench 
motion on management 
reorganization of NHS. 

The pound 

Belgium Fr 
Canada S 
Denmark Kr 
France Ft 
G er m any Dm 
G reece Dr 
Hong Kong S 
(retard Pt 
(to* lira 
Japan Yen 
Netherlands GW 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Atnea Rd 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Ft 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

























Food prices 

Retail lamb prices have risen 
over the past few weeks and 
whole leg is up a further 5p a lb 
this week, and up to lOp more at 
the upper end of the scale. The 
range is £1.60— £2.12 a lb and 
£1.60— £2.12 for fillet end leg. 
Loin chops range from £1.74— 
£2.40 a lb and whole shoulder 
89p— £1.34 a lb. New Zealand 
Iamb prices are steady with the 
average price for whole leg £1.44 
a lb: loin chops £1.39; whole 
shoulder 79p a lb. 

There are a few changes on 
beef, boneless sirloin up Ip to an 
average £2.76 a lb: sirloin steak 
£3.32 and chuck blade braising 
steak £1.71 a lb. Many cuis of 
pork are up slightly with a range 
of 79p-£l_20 for whole lee 
£1.25— £1.50 for loin chops: and 
98p-£1.45 for boneless shoul- 

The quality offish is generally 
good this week but prices have 
risen. Cod fillets average £1.67; 
codling fillets £1.50: haddock 
£1.72: whiting £1.27; lemon sole 
£2.18 a lb: dab 67p a lb. Dover 
sole ranges from as little as £2.00 
a lb to £6.00 in some areas. 
Fresh mackeral is slightly 
cheaper at 59p a lb. 

Supplies of home grown veg- 
etables have improved but 
prices are still quite high 
Carrots 1 6-23p a lb: cauliflower 
75p— £1 each: Brussels sprouts 
30— 45p a lb: good quality leeks 
50— 70p a lb: parsnips 25— 35p a 
lb: red and white potatoes 9— 
lip a lb: King Edward's and 
Caras 10— 12p a lb: Egyptian 
King Edward and Caras 15— 20p 

Salad ingredients are good 
and reasonably priced. Iceberg 
lettuce is cheaper this week af 
55— 75p a head: celery 30— 46p a 
head: radishes 26— 32p a bunch; 
English hot house tomatoes 75— 
95p a lb. 


Births: Johann Strauss (the 
elder). Vienna. 1804; Paul Ehr- 
lich. biochemist. Strohlen. Si- 
lesia (Strezelin. Poland V. 1854: 
Albert Einstein, physicist. No- 
bel laureate 1921, Lfim, Ger- 
many. 1879. 

Deaths: John Byng. admiral 
executed for failing to relieve 
Minorca. Portsmouth, 1757; 
Kart Marx. London. 1883: 
Friedrich KJopstock. poet, 
Hamburg. 1803: Busby Berke- 
ley. choreographer. California. 

Top Filins 

The top bo*-olfic« films in 

1 ( -) Out of Africa 

2 ( 4 Ran 

3(2). A Chorus Line 
4(1), Commando 
5 ( 3) Spies Like Us 
6(4) Rocky IV 
7(5) Back to the Future. 

8(7) Agnes of God 
9(ffl Kiss of the Spider Woman 
10(8) Car Trouble 

The top fihns in the provinces: 

1 Rocky IV 

2 Death Wish III 

3 Spies Like Us 

4 A Chorus Line 

5 Teen Waff 
SuspM re Satan narration* 

Top video rentals 

1 (1 ) Rambo: First Blood 2 
2(3) Ghostbusters 
3(2) Mask 
4(4 ) Gremlins 
5 (5 ) Beverley Kids Cop 
6(6) Hokroft Covenant 
7 (7 ) The Terminator 
8(9) Cut and Run 
9(10) Neverentfng Story 

Supplied by 


London aod the South East City: Long 
delays due to roadworks ki Princes St, 
Moorgete St and ManseH Sl AIK Lodge 

Avenue flyover. Banting, dosed, a- 
veraons wa the A213 and roundabout. 


A23: Resurfacing work between 
Green and The Avenue. Coutedoa 

The MMtoKte 115 (West Mdtendsj: 

Contraflow between Junction 2 (Ml 
Dudley and BrnkogtramW) and junction 3 
(A*56 Hakaomen and Stnrmgham W). 
A34c Hanford, delays caused by nsd- 
vredis on me N bound carriageway. A34c 

Traffic controlled by temporary lights as 
repairs to the Ingh street Homey hi Arden, 
betw ee n Stow ngha w and Stratford upon 



Wales and the Wsefc M* Reduced to 
sorgie Ime traffic m the w bound 
way between . junctions 35 and 
Pencoed and Sam Park 
Bndgend. A5& Resurfacing work conttn- 

uee at the Conwy ftyover, Llandudno 
If - M* Outside lone dosed 

A470 Cardiff - 

The Nortfc MS: 

junction 16 (Kldsgrove) and 17 
(Congteton). S bound carriageway dosed 

A tjUh Onfy o ne carnage- 

. Darbngton, bridge Jow 

repairs: A& Bridge' repairs, diversion. 

Chorfey Rd. Swaiton, Manchester. 

S co tland: E >S nfa»»ph: Defays over the 
next few months, city centre. The Pteas- 
ance closed between Cowgate and E 
Drummond St. AS: SUVng to Penh, 
lengthy delays, roadworks on S bound 
carriageway B7S4: Moor Head - 
Eagtesham. road dosed tor major 
reconstruction, dnrerskm via A77 end 

Momation suppled by the AA 

Snow Reports 




2 . 01 $ 


















Rates for smafi dermnwiation bank notes 
ortv as supplied by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Differenr rates apply ro travellers' 
Gfieaues ana other rorevn currency 

Retto ptiee todes 378.7 

London: The FT todte c»sed etown tt 7 at 




L U Rste 


St Anton 80 290 fair 

Off Runs to 

Good Skiing on upper stapes 

Seefeld ' 7S 80 good 
Worn patches on lower slopes 


AlpeD'Huez 155 260 good 

New stow on hard base 
(sola 2000 165 225 good 

New snow on good base 
Megeve 65 160 good 

Good skiing above 1800 metres 
Moraine 30 180 fair 

Slush on south facing slopes 

Andermatt 40 180 good 

Excellent skinq everywhere 
Mirren 50 160 good 

Some worn patches on lower slo 
Vertxer 50 230 g 

Superb spring skiing 
Vfllars 40 85 good 

Icy in the mornings 

Piste resort 
varied fair fine 
varied good 





varied good 
powder good 
varied fair 
heavy fair 





powder good 
heavy fair 
varied fair 
crust fair 





In the above reports. s_^, 

Britain, L refers to lower slopes 

1 representatives of the Ski Club ol Great 
U to upper, and art to artificial. 



Frontal troughs will cross 
many areas, with a more 
showery SW airstream 
becoming established for 
a time. 

6 am to midnight 

London, East Ang0a, todtoncis. E. 
central N. IE Engtw± Raw dy mg out 

surmy mtentoK w*»d S6 sffajfcveere® 

SW modarsto; max tony IOC P0F). 

St, cM) S. SWEng£v*i. 

Wands, S WatoK Rather cloudy, wto ton 
in places togoly dymg or* some btottf 
mrervets; wind SE STOng,_veenng SW 
cnotferett: max temp 10C (SOFT 
N Wales. NW En^and. Lake Dtotrict 
We of Man, SW Scotland: Swmy periods. 

Dundee, Aber- 
deen, Moray FWt Sunny periods, iso- 
ratad ahowere otter early ram: wind SE 
veering SW, strong to gala: max temp 9C 

Qtaegow, Central Highlands, HE, HW 
Scotland. Ami, Mmey: Stony penods. 
showers, turmor ram We evenmg; wind 
eraiaSW strong to severe gab: max 

wet land. Rato followed by showera; 
wind S or SE strong to severe gale; max 

N Ireland: Sunny periods, scattered 
showers, further ram (star, wind SW fresh 
or strong: max tamp 10C EOF). 

Outlook tor the wee kend- Mostly dry. 
rather warm in toe SE ram or showers at 
times in the N and W but also brighter, 
drier periods. 

Sun Rises: SuoSetK 
6.18 am 6-03 pm 

Moon rises: Moon sets: 
7J35 am 1043 pm 
Ffrat quarter March 18 

t^btw star: toe-blue sky and cfcnxL c- 
cloudy: (wvrrcaa: Moo: d-drtzzle: h- 
riall: RiKt-mM: r^aui; s-saow; th- 
trunKMrsiomr. p^howers. 

Arrows show wind direction, wind 
speed imph> circled- Temperature 

. w* .fS 

423 70 
127 4.1. 

941 12J 


1.20 -02 
754-r SO- 

222 87 
1229 M 
137 -W 
&20 8| 

• ^ -H 

127 ft* 

11J0 if 
227. . 

B» *| 

7^a. ;|| 

749. 37 
-7.97- -6.3 
9JB 1A 

T2T ttfr 


8.A7- 04 
E4» ■ §* ••• » 


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./arssLi- • 

V V. 

t-. ^ 

.feV:-:.* r- 

.ft • » -ev , . 

“ W" - •* 



■S. t‘ ' 4 • ■ 

Lighting-up time 

Around Britain 

London 633 pm to 6.46 am 
Bristol 6.43 pm to 155 am 
EfflntKaghS.44 pm to 6-59 am 
Manchester 8.41 pm to 5.55 am 
655 pm to 637 am 



n 1 1 1 in 1 1 1 i ■ i 


Sun Ram 
hre m • 

C F 


S 37 tog 

2 36 tag 
.4 39 fog. 

3 37 tog 
2 38 tog . 

Sun Rom -J4a« 
bra n l C - F 

(X2 0.06. 7 46. 

-Tettoy - 35 003 6 43 

-CsfcaynBay 63 - 8 <8 .sunny 

' 54 TL45 rSl8M 

r ongiR 

IS - « 43'" 

Temperatures at midday yesterday; c, 
ctou* 1. fato r. ton. s, sun. 

Deftes t 


C F 
541 Ouennwy 
337 tovemeH 
337 Jersey 
4 39 London 
439 M’ndistBr 
745 NOwcestfe 
745 R’nWswoy 

C F 
S 745 
1 745 
S 643 
C 439 
C 541 
C 134 
C 541 




FoUras ta ne . 0.8 
Hasttogs 23 
Worthing- • 
B ou me m th 
Swanoga .. 
Fahnoath . 


Porthrto - haw to play 

Mmjt^sguraay record vour daily 

Add these together to determine 
vour weehly Portfolio rotai. 

U your i oral matches me , 
wwklv ttrvuend figure you have won 

0.1 0C2 
- - 0.03 
02 ■ - 
8.0 - 

Guernsey S.i 


SeSly Wes 12 0.02 

.4 39 tog 
6 43 sunny 
3 37 tog 

5 41 fog - 

4- 39 britfrt 
5 «1 doody 

3 37" tog 

4 39 ctoijdy 

4 39 tog 
4- 38 ’ 

5 41 

6 43 ... 

4. 39 tog 
8 43 A# 

8 43 cloudy.. 
,8 43 ctoud* - 
6 43 boghl 

8 48 cloudy 
S 48 ctoudvr 

.10 50 sunny 

9 48 tongnt ■ 

Lomtoff : -1.3 - -' . 

BThsmAkpt 02 - 

"Bristol (Ctrfl at - 
03 . 


. 22 ,. -■ 

N'cN-o-Tyn* r.6 - - 
- ” TJ) . 

B -.eS' etouG*- 
6 43 dputfii : 
'7' 45 cWy 
r s 43 cloudy , 
ifr so.sunmt.- 
e 43 bngnt; ■ 
. 2 .45 .ctaxki 
6'43’dut * 
10 50 sunny . 




rSto toow ay 




fa finou rgh 

U - - fr 
5.9 002 8 
53 - -IK 

0.1 014 T 
42. 0.15 . JO 

yow: 5 

■55 020 7 

■ -005 5 
■ 5 -10 . 
7.7. *1Z 

48 bntfit 
48 bng« 
52. firsfl : 
50 sunny; 
4T <ttfl . 



11 02 dnzz 
7 45 cloudy 



outrtohl or a ehare of Uie Prize money 
staled tor Ui» wee k, and must claim 

8 48 cloudy 
These ere Wedne sd a/ft Hgaiw ~ . 

your prize as in atr acted below. 

Hu cwis on be z cce pteri auttbfe men 

You man have your card with you 
when you tele p hone. 

If you are unaHe to telephone, 
someone cue can claim on your behalf 


c ^ aadcau 

ouo ctatms 


can be axwfl 
clairo otftce 

the stated 

bet w een the 


tor failure to contact the 
for any reason within 

.The above Instructions 
Mlcabie to both daily and 
dividend claims. 

•Some Times RortfoHo cards tneiude 
minor nufipnnis in the instructions on 
the rptwse side. TTiese cards are nor 

The wording of Rimv-2 and i Ins 

MOOAVrc. dou4A drteto: t tote tg,.top r. ram; «,««; ». snow; t enmder . 

Jr - ■■ 

T 16 61 (tow ..IH'®’ 
A 14 SrSflttbwg. 

tts bi &p**J r2tn 

84 snto#- I 14 37 

■l?T . 












C F . 

c 15 9 Cologne 

s 20 68 Cpbafyt 

f 24 75 Carta 
f 18 64 Diddto 
C 4 39. Dubrndr 
f 15 59 Fare 


been nmanoed from earner versions 
for clarification puns - 

[tsejf R not aMRMSfSSfwiH^inmwI. 

to bf^ridyed in exactly the same way 


. Printed by Xondm'Poef ( Pnait - 
ersi Limited of I Virginia Street. 
London El 9XN. FridayT MOtt li, 
.1986 Reguerea as a. newspaper at. 









Cope Tn 




• MnnfUU 

14 57 Funchal 
• - Geneva - 
11 52 QtxaRar 
5.41 HatotoU 

r Z3 fifrJtongfC ' 

O 48 
S 41 

7 45 Jeddah 
4. 39 JotMed* 
7 45 KaracM 
25 77 LPahaas 
30 68 Lisbon. - 
23 73 Locarno 
r 12 5* _ 
dr 2 3BL. 
e 2170 

C F 
c 439 
c 1 34 
f 15 59 
c 6 43 He W ftae 
.» 16 6T MextoeC- 
f iS-awtort* , 
r 9 48 Mtan 
© 5^41 — 
c 14.57 
4t 4 3S .Munleh- 
s .15 59 WnM 
an 3 28 Maple* 
c 22 7*HdaCd . 
e 3 37 K.Vbrk. 
r 7 .*5 Wc* 

S 31 88 Oslo. 

125 77 Pans'. 

1 26 79 Peking 
f 20 68. Perth 
f 18 5* 
c 7.45 
e 2 36 
c 12 54 
J 8 46 l Hm» tfe J 

C 26 TSSaod • e ifr 50: * 
r A 43 5»m>bc .: T 3J .W 
f -2 28 SSStai dr- 0 32- 

t -1 30S*r*sb'ro o‘fl41.. 

C - Z 38 Sydney 22 7 ^ ; l 

Vila atjt : ■* 

S St 88 T*ner#e . . 'S-0O 9. s ' 
t 6 *6-ToAyo. *J4.£ 

* IS K Torenkr-H. 0 ® 
sn 0 32 Tante -s18|4- 
^5 41' Vatonda V % 58 . 
a ll 52 ¥onc*v«T* c frAf 
c 23.73 Vaolc* 
o B 43 Warww ' ^ £ ~ 
r % 41 Ware**. . & . 

the Post 

■ dMotos Wddmsdsytfigms are tatost«v«ttbto- 

■ 4r':4.r3B--. —