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No 62,405 

Mortgage cut 

after Budget 

A cut of up to one percent- 
age point in mortgage rates 
next week looked increasingly 
likely yesterday. Some budd- 
ing society chiefs predicted a 
cut almost immediately after 
the Budget on Tuesday. 

They said thata cut in rates 
would be prevented only by an 
1 adverse decision by Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
countries leaders meeting in 
Geneva this weekend, or the 
introduction of a financial 
services lax in the Budget 

A reduction of one percent- 
age point in mortgages would 
mean that a borrower with a 
£30.000 endowment mortgage 
— now 1173 per cent for new 
borrowers — would save 
£17.25 a month. On an ordi- 
nary repayment mortgage, the 
monthly saving would be 

Mr Richard Weir, secretary 
general of the Building Societ- 
ies Association, said the rate 
cut would depend on what 
happens in the money markets 
as well as the Budget Yester- 
day. the money markets were 
suggesting that base rales were 
about to come down. 

But Mr Tim Melvelle-Ross, 
chief executive of the Nation- 
wide Buidling Society, the 
third largest society, gave a 
warning that there were differ- 
ences within the industry as to 
when any mortgage rate cut 
would come. 

By Lawrence Lever 

He said: “The industry is 
not unanimous on cutting 
rates immediately after the 
Budget. Some would prefer to 

The suggestion in the City 
was that the Halifax, the 
largest building society, would 
prefer to wait to see how big 
and how permanent any base 
rate was. Mr John Spalding, 
the society’s chief executive, 
was decidedly cautious about 
a possible cut. 

He said: “There are simply 
not enough facts to take a 
reasonable judgement at 

Meanwhile, mortgage de- 
mand is reaching record levels 
with the latest figures from the 
Building Societies Association 
showing that the societies had 
promised to lend more than 
£6.5 million at the end of 
February, the second highest 
lending level ever. 

The BSA is now estimating 
that societies will be promis- 
ing mortgages totalling more 
than £3 billion a month as the 
impact of last week's cut in 
endowment rates to 12.75 per 
cent — the same rate as 
repayment mortgages — is felt 
in the next few months. 

• Strong evidence of lower 
world inflation as a result of 
the sharp drop in oil prices 
was provided by figures pub- 
lished in Washington yester- 

day (David Smith, Economics 
Correspondent, writes). 

The US producer price in- 
dex fell by 1.6 per cent last 
month, the biggest monthly 
fall since records began in 

The index, which measures 
prices of finished goods, has 
dipped sharply in the first two 
months of this year because of 
lower prices for heating oil 
and petrol. 

Worry about the strength of 
tite American economy was 
one factor behind the decision 
of the American authorities to 
cut interest rates a week ago. 

Britain remains on course 
for lower interest rates next 
week, with this weekend's 
meeting of the Organization of 
Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries not expected to damage 
the pound sufficiently to post- 
pone the cut 

Yesterday, the pound 

r lined two-thirds of a cent to 
1.4677 against a weak dollar, 

• The Bank of England 
announced a £1 billion issue 
of government stock, designed 
to keep the supply of stock up 
if, as expected, the market 
remains strong after the Bud- 
get. The interest rate on the 
weekly Treasury bill lender, 
another pointer to cheaper 
money in Britain, fell to 
11. 1 596 per cent from 11.5336 
per cent the previous Friday. 

reading Mr messages. From left, Jean-PartKauffinaim, Marcel Carton it»i Marcel Fontaine, 


Today’s Times is 48 
pages - the biggest 
issue produced from 
the new plant at 
Wapping and the 
biggest paper since the 

On Monday there will 
be further major 
improvements in the 
presentation of the 
new two-section 
Times. The Times 
Information Service 
and the crossword will 
move to the back of 
the first section. And 
for the first time Sport 
will take the pole 
position on the back 
page of the second 

These changes are part 
j of the expansion 
* caused by the ending 
of restrictions 
followingthe paper’s 
move to wapping. 

I They will make the 
V newspaper more 
A ittractive and 
A pavement to readers. 

aU coupon to order The 
T£ : mes from your 
newsagent appears on 

A Conservative backbench- 
er and campaigner on child 
abuse used parliamentary 
[privilege yesterday to name 
r lhe Essex doctor alleged to 
have raped a girl aged eight 
and escaped prosecution be- 
cause of evidential difficulties. 
The MP also threatens to 
name a vicar who allegedly 
assaulted a boy aged 1 1. 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens, MP 
for Littleborough and 
Saddleworth, named the doc- 
tor. a consultant, in a Com- 
mons written question tabled 
to Sir Michael Havers, the 
Attorney General, as the par- 
ents of the girl began plans to 
mount a private prosecution. 
The cost would be borne by 
The Sun newspaper. 

Mr Dickens said that he 
tabled the question before he 
knew that the private prosecu- 
tion might be under way. He 
believed that the parents ofthc 
boy are also considering tak- 
ing legal action . 

The girl was alleged to have 
been raped last year while 
staying with the doctor near 
Chelmsford. A medical ex- 
amination was carried out 
later after the girl described 
what had happened to her 
mother and police inter- 

Times Portfolio daily 
anetition prize of £2,000 

[d of Shtaringtoa, Oxford- 

Portfolio list, page 26; 

weekly fist, information ser- 
A ricefTpage 48. 

_Q threat 

threat of dismissal to 
.ut 20 workers at the 
fHQ at Cheltenham who 
lined the union after re- 
ting their membership dur- 
the dispute two years ago is 
Page 2 



Jayewardetw of Sri 
jka. in an interview with 
\e Times, paints a gloomy 
lure of 


of prospects for peace 
e Tamil rebels in his 

iw reform 

;;The taw Society's council has 
'approved the creation of a 
"Solicitors’ Complaints Bureau 
Page 2 

Home New* 2-4 
Oversea* 5-9 

< ■ g 



Court 14 

Crosswords 18.48 
















Sport 4W5 

T beams 


TV 4 Radio 




Alleged rapist is 
named in House 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

viewed a man for 12 hours. 

But after the papers were 
sent by Essex police to the 
pirector of Public Prosecu- 
tions it was decided the case 
should be dropped for lack of 

Mr Dickens said that he had 
tabled four questions in all, 
listed as priority questions to 
. be answered on Monday. His 
intention was to get the au- 
thorities to take over any 
private prosecution. 

The MP said : “The DPP 
has been wrong in the past and 
has taken over cases which 
they thought would not suc- 
ceed and they have succeeded. 
Children might not tell the 
truth but adults in the witness 
box dont always tell the truth. I 
don’t see why a child is less 
likely to tell the truth about a 
thing like this and I don't see 
why the child should not be 
heard. Someone raped the 

He said the child was 
ashamed of what had hap- 
pened and the rape allegation 
had only been revealled be- 
cause of internal injuries, 
nightmares and a examina- 
tion. In rape cases corrobora- 
tion often included how the 
Continued on page 2, col 2 

Third man charged in 
vicarage rape case 

make film 
to France 

From Robert Fisk 

With appropriate political 
timing, the extremist Islamic 
Jihad movement has released 
a video film of three French 
hostages in Beirut, all appeal- 
ing to the French Government 
to save their lives. 

Jnst as Dr Razah Raad, the 
Lebanese-born French parlia- 
mentary candidate Who is 
negotiating for the release of 
kidnapped Frenchmen in Leb- 
anon, was about to fly to Paris 
from Damascus yesterday, the 
film — of two diplomats, 
Marcel Carton and Marcel 
Fontaine, and of the journalist; 
Jean-Panl Kaufmann — ar- 
rived at the Visnens television 
agency, together with a state- 
ment from the pro-Iranian 
Islamic' Jihad movement de- 
manding that the French Gov- 
ernment meet their demands 
for the release of Iraqi opposi- 
tion members deported . to 
Baghdad from France. 

“Official and mmfficial en- 
voys have been sent to Leba- 
non and the area." the 
statement said. “This is noth- 
ing but a publicity manoeuvre 

aimed at coavracrag (the 

French people) that die 
French Government is serious 
in working for the release of 
the hostages, without showing 
any hnpk change in its 

On the video film, M Fon- 
taine appeared to be leaner 
and have white hair — as 
opposed to previous pictures id 
him released by his captors — 
but Mkhel Seurat, the French 
researcher whom Islamic Ji- 
had dahned to have killed last 
week, did not appear on the 

The group is also demand- 
ing the release of 17 Iraqis and 
Lebanese imprisoned in Ku- 
wait for feamfelng the French 
and US embassies there 

In a cryptic paragraph, the 
captors added that the produc- 
tion of the video was a “last 
ch an ce " (sk) and that the 
French Government “win be 
responsible for any delay in 
answering the conditions 
"imposed by the kidnappers. 

Sond cut, page 5 


By Stewart Tendler, Crime 

A third man was charged with 
rape and aggravated burglary 
last night after four people 
were remanded in custody by 
Ealing magistrates. 

The man, aged 33, wiU 
appear in court at Ealing 
today. He was one of two men 
being held for questioning at 
West London police stations. 
The other man is still being 
interviewed by detectives. 

The first two men accused 
of rape at a west London 
vicarage a week ago were 
remanded to appear in person 
before Ealing magistrates 
court od April & 

The men, charged with rape 
and aggravated burglary, were 
remanded by Mr Anthony 
Monk, chairman of the bench. 
Mr Robert Brown, represent- 
ing the two men, both aged 21. 
made na application for bail 
and no objection to a remand 
in custody. 

A man and a woman also 
accused of aggravated bur- 
glary at the vicarage appeared 
before the court and were 
remanded in custody for sev- 
en days. They are Andrew 
Stuart Byrne, aged 24, unem- 
ployed of Acton, west Lon- 
don, and Jacqueline Mary 
Defelice, aged 36, a housewife, 
of Ealing. 

General slips 
away as Quito 
base stormed 

Quito, (UPI/Reuter) — 
Crack commandos led by 16 
tanks yesterday recaptured a 
Quito air base where the 
dismissed armed forces chief, 
General Frank Vargas, was 
demanding the overthrow of 
President Febtes Cordero 
The attackers were met by 
intense submachine-gun fire 
for 45 minutes but there was 
no word on casualties. It was 
reported that the general had 
slipped away. 

People gathered on nearby 
hills to watch the assault on 
the base 

State of siege, page 6 

Guinness sues Argyll for 
‘defamation 9 in bid battle 

One of the bitterest take- 
over. battles the City has 
known took another acrimo- 
nious turn yesterday when 
Guinness issued writs for 
defamation against Mr Janies 
Gulliver and the board and 
financial advisers of his Argyll 

Guinness, which is locked 
in a struggle with Argyll for 
control of Distillers, said it 
had been forced into the move 
“by reason of a regular flow of 
misleading and inaccurate 
statements which have been 
made in support of Argyll's 
bid for Distillers”. 

The action was announced 
at the same time as Mr Gull- 
iver lost his court battle to 
have the Monopolies Comm- 
ission's ruling to abandon its 
probe into Guinness's bid for 
Distillers overturned and a 
Guinness spokesman said Ar- 
gyll should now abandon its 
“judicial delaying tactics". 
Distillers said: “We are 


pleased that the decision of the 
lower court has been upheld." 

Guinness said it was claim- 
ing, among other things, dam- 
ages for injurious falsehood 
and defamation against Argyll 
Group, its chairman and chief 
executive, Mr James Gulliver, 
and its financial director, Mr 
David . Webster, as well as 
Samuel. Montagu, Noble 
Grossart, Saatchi & Saatchi. 
Charterhouse Japhet, Broad 
Street Associates and Mr-Bri- 
an Basham. . 

disclosed : that- Mr GuSiVef’s 
entry in. Whob Who referring 
id education at the Harvard 
Business School in the United 
States was incorrect.. _ . : 

The /feu board confirmed 
their confidence in Mr Gulli- 
ver ata meeting. - ~ 

- • Imperial Group, which is 
fighting a £23 .billion hostile 
takeover bid from Lord 
Hanson's Hanson Trust, yes- 
terday contracted to sell off its 
Golden. Wonder snacks sub- 
sidiary to.Dalgety* the. food 

Sir David Napley, the solid- . . . _ 

tor, said* “So^ far as we are and agricultural 
concerned, the action is about brand names indude 
advertisements which are re- 
garded as disgraceful". 

Service of the writs began 
yesterday. Sir David added: 

“The view is taken that 
enough is enough. You have 
to can a halt at some stage". " 

The issue of the writs 
follows weekend affixations of 
“dirty tricks" after it was 

Homepride. The sale will be 
for £54 milli on in cash, rather 
less than the Giy bad been 

Imperial hopes it will dear 
the way for' the United Bis- 
cuits bid for .Imperial to 
frustrate the. Hanson takeover. 

Details and Kenneth Fleet, 
‘ P*8®25 


FromMkhael Bfiiyaui .Washington 
In a tough defence of the remain committed, especially 

if it 

link between military aid tc 
anti-Communists, freedom 
fighters and US efforts tc 
promote democracy. Presi- 
dent Reagan appealed to Con- 
gress yesterday not tc 
undercut him when regional 
negotiations were under way. 
or to betray those fighting 
tyranny around the world. . 

In a review of freedom, 
regional security and world 
peace, the President said the 
US had to . oppose the 
“arrogant" Brezhnev doc- 
trine, which claimed that So- 
viet gains were irreversible. 
The US had also to take 
account of the growing num- 
ber of countries sharing Amer- 
ican interests and democratic 

But it was not US policy to 
“bleed" the Russians in re- 
gional wars, or to pour fuel on 
the fire. Military solutions to 
conflicts in Central America, 
Afghanistan, Cambodia or 
southern Africa were not the 
goals of American policy. 

However, America had to 

in Nicaragua, If it was to 
achieve diplomatic. • rather 
lion military solutions. If the 
outcome was to be democracy 
rather than, totalitarian gov- 
ernment, if Russia was to be 
convinced competition with 
the US must be peaceful. 

“The tide of the future is a 
freedom tide. It is also a peace 
tide, for the surest guarantee 
we have of peace is national 
freedom and democratic 

aBd the Soviet Union agreed 
yesterday to meet after the 
funeral of OJof Palme,- the 
assassinated Swedish Prime 
Minister (Reuter reports). 

As world leaders gathered 
for the funeral, officials in 
Washington said the Secretary 
of State, Mr Geoige Shultz, 
would have talks with the 
Soviet Prime Minister, Mr 
Nikolai Ryzhkov. 

East-West tensions, page 5 
Paine Amend, page 6 

Bomb suspect 
freedom call 

The Hfcjr forDuMta 
yesterday refuseSjf an applica- 
tion for the release of Evelyn 
GteaMmes. who fhcey extia- 
ditkm to Britain; • 

Miss Glenhotmesr who was 
in court on a habeas corpus 
order, did not speak daring 
the hearing: Her lawyers, who 
brougfrtyesterday’s release ap* 
plication on a legal -technical- 
ity. are now expected to apply 
for baiTon her behalf ' • 

Miss Glenhohnes’s lawyers, 
argued -yesterday that the 
Dublin District Court had no 
right to remand her in custody 
as she was not charged with 
murder. The state maintains 
that the court's decision on an 
extradition order was valid 

A small group of republican 
sympathizers demonstrated 
outside the court 

US spy 


Moscow (AP) A. second 
secretary at the American 
Embassy here has been or- 
deritf to leave 1 , the Soviet 
Union' after -being caught on 
an espionage nutpoa,' Tass 
said yesterday. - 
'Tbeagency said MrMichad 
ScfiCTs was 'detained- in Mos- 
cow on Monday caught ‘7 n 
n 2 grdme delidosshe was 

aving. a clandestine meeting 
with a Sov^ citizen .recruited 
by US mteffigence. An investi- 
gation : .-produced : evidence 
rally mipticatiqg the staff 
memberoftbe US Embassy in 
infelli^oe^titeruiR activi- 
ties incompatible -with his 
official status.".' 

It added tbat MrSellets was 
declared: peno/td-non grout. 

The: US Embassy spokes- 
man, - Mr Jaroslav Yerner; 
confirmed that Mr Sellers had 
been declared persona non 

jtizte-by foe Soviet authorities 

yesterday, but said he would 
have no further comment on 
the case. 

As a rule, the embassy .never 
issues comment on Soviet 
at^^onk.. of spying by US 

Mr Sellers is the. first Ameri- 
can diplomat ordered to leave 
the Soviet Union since June, 
1985, when the Soviet au- 
thorities detained Mr Paul 
Stombaugh, an expert on the 
Baltic states, on an alleged 
espionage mission and then 
pefled him. . 

The expulsion comes a 
hweek after Washington an- 
gered the Soviet Union by 
ordering it to reduce the size of 
its missions at the United 
Nations in New York from 
279 to 170 by April, 1988. 

The US currently has 200 
officials in Moscow and 28 in 
Leningrad. The two missions 
fell into a different category 
from the Soviet inissons at 
the UN, because the UN is an 

Prior to Mr Stombaugh's 
expulsion,. Moscow bad or- 
dered three American diplo- 
mats to leave fop country on 
alleged espionage charges in 
jmoa September 1 2, 1983, 
bfrLOnDavid Asgustenborg 
wasordentfwHravr after 
and hfe wifc, f Denise, were 
detained outride Leningrad 
anfiaccused of trying to collect 
what later Soviet newspaper 
reports .called a "spy 

. On June 12, 1983, Mr Louis 
Thomas, a civilian working in 
the embassy security division, 
was detained during what the 
Russsians called “a prear- 
ranged conspiracy meeting 
with an agent.” 

On March 7 that year, Mr 
Richard Osborne, the Eco- 
nomics Attache, was detained 
in a Moscow park after alleg- 
edly he was caught “red- 
handed” trying to make a 
radio transmission, ' Tass 
claimed at the time. 

In- June, 1984. Mr Bruce 
Rosenberg, an economics offi- 
cer,. was compelled to leave. 

Wheldon, TV star on 
and off screen, dies 

By Band Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

mg director of BBC TV three 
years later. 

He was a programmes direc- 
tor of individualfold frequent- 
ly controversial tastes, 
sparring on h» programme 
makers into new areas such as 
the hem about the Labour 

Sir Huw Wheldon, the 
broadcaster, who combined a 
high-level managerial career 
in the BBC with a popular 
television personality, died 
yesterday aged 69. 

His first television aj 
ances were as a children’s 
interviewer on Ad Your Own. 
His later work included the 
arts programme. Monitor, and 
Royal Heritage, a television 
guide to the royal homes. 

Within the BBC Sir Huw 
became controller of pro- 
grammes in 1965 and manag- 

leadership, "Yesterday's 
Men”. . 

Mr Afesdair Milne, the 
director general of the BBC 
yesterday described him- as “a 
wonderful character, a great 
television peiformgrand exec- 
utive. and & true friend". 

Obituary, page 14. 

Summertime makes the diarists uneasy 

By Robin Young 

Delve in a Dataday diary 
and you are likely to see that 
British Summer Tune begins 
this weekend. Look in a Letts 
diary, though, and yon will 
probably be advised to wait a 
week before potting the dock 
forward. Consult Coffins and 
you may find that British 
Summer Time does not begin 
until March 30, and that is 
only provisionaL 

Hie Diary Publishers' As- 
sociation. of which those com- 
panies form the membership, 
admits that half of the 1986 
diaries in British pockets and. 
desks have got the time wrong 
this year. 

They blame it all on the 
Home Office, the Government 
and the EEC. “All this confu- 
sion began when they bit on 

the idea of harmonization with 
Europe," a spokesman said. 

“Before people always knew 
when British Sommer Time 
was. But this year the Govern- 
ment was dilatory in ratifying 
the Home Office's recom- 
mended date, and eventually 
did not ratify it so that there is 
no harmonization anyway." 

That explanation is almost 
as confused as the diaries 

When daylight saving was 
first introduced experimental- 
ly in 1908, it ran only from die 
second Sunday in April to the 
third in September. 

In 1939, at the ontset of the 
Second World War, summer- 
time was officially extended 
until November 19. 

In 1940 summer began as 

early as February 25 and 
lasted till October 7, and for 
the remaining foar years of the 
war dock-watching was addi- 
tionally complicated by the 
introduction of Double Sum- 
mer Time. 

In 1947 Double Summer 
Time made a comeback after a 
year's postwar leave as a fuel- 
saving measure, and stayed 
until 1951. 

Hie idea of linking British 
Time to Central European 
Time predated onr adhesion to 
the European Community too, 
so from 1961 we had Extended 
Summer Time which ran from 
the third Sunday in March to 
foe last Sunday in October. 

In 1968 Britain experimen- 
tally-adopted British Standard 
Tune, putting our clocks in 

line with those of onr Conti- 
nental neighbours. 

Farmers, milkmen, post- 
men, dustmen and Scots hated 
it, so Parliament voted it oat 
and in 1972 adopted foe 
British Sommer Tune Act, 
fixing Sommer time as running 
from the third Sunday in 
March to foe fomth in Octo- 

Even then the horological 
horrors were not ended for in 
1980 the European Commis- 
sion began issuing directives 
on the subject starting sum- 
mer on the last Sunday m 

it was the third of these 
directives which is blamed for 
our present confusion, for it 
said that the start of summer 

commencement would coincide 

'Hsfffwenr'aeiit derided in 
December 1984 not to take 

a week early if otherwise its 



manafectarers started printing 
their 1986 diaries as kme ago 
as September 1984. 

Lefts, who primed many of 
their stock diaries with sum- 
mer date to start on March 
23, said yesterday. “We 
thought we were foDowing the 
EEC directive". 

But m fact summer t™* 
starts, whatever your diary 
says, at .1 am on So 
March 3ft, when clocks $1 
he put forward to 2 am, 

The docks go back on 
October 26. It wotdd be a good 
idea to make a note of it fb 
your difoy. . - 

coffee tastes 

Nescafe Gold Blendt 



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Dismissal risk 
faces GCHQ 


workers who 
rejoined union 

By George H31 

The threat of possible dis- introduced in .1984, which 
missal for some trade unionist banned union membership. 
Civil Servants at the Govern- Those workers are not in 
ment Communications Head- breach of contract and so are 
quarters at Cheltenham came not at risk of disciplinary 
a stage nearer yesterday. action. 

Leaders of Civil Service They win be frozen in their 
unions were toid by Sir Robert existing posts, and fresh offers 
Armstrong, bead of the Home will be made to' them of 
Civil Service, that members alternative Civil Service work 
there who had resigned from or premature retirement with 

“ Wu 

there who had resigned bom or premature retirement w 
their unions during the dis- redundancy compensation, 
pute of 1984 and then rejoined Mr Graham ask 
would be liable to disciplinary 


would be liable to disciplinary yesteiday:“Why draw this djs- 
action unless they resigned ti action? if they can live with 

again. a group of people who have 

Mr Alistair Graham, gener- always been trade union mem- 
al secretary of the Civil and here, working in a top secret 

£»& satellite 

al secretary of the Civil and here, working in a top secret 
Public Services Association, establishment doing their nor- 
said after the meeting that the mai work, and can live with 
Government's action after that indefinitely, then what is 
months of delay had been a the problem 7 r 
breach of natural justice. Sir Robert emphasized at 

“We were told last August the meeting with representa- 
that the Government were fives of the Council of Civil 
going to initiate the disdpiin- Service Unions that dismissal 
ary process, and they have was only one of the disciplin- 
done nothing for -six months, ary opuons which faced the 
That seems to me quite director of GCHQ. 
monstrous." Mr Graham said that at the 

Only about 20 GCHQ request of the onions. Sir 
workers, who rejoined their Rqben had agreed that disri- 
unions after resigning with pUnary action would not be 
compensation of £ 1 ,000 when unfii the representatives 

the decision was made to 0 f ^ unions had seen the 

ihv r — QI l UC UlliUtn 

exclude union members from minister formally responsible 
the headquarters, are still f or GCHQ, Sir Geoffrey 
working at Cheltenham. Howe, the Foreign and Com- 

TTUliMU^H. — nUWC, UIC 1 

A number rejoined after a monwea lih Secretary. 

ssSSfx Mteacs 

maieiy require uiem iu icmbu, .j fh 

There arcanother 35 union- 
ists at Cheltenham who never l ° 

SSUl iSTSTrf ofiheEuropeanComnusaon 

about 70 who from the first °f Human Rights on the 
rejected the terms of service dls P ule - 

faces ban, 
says MP 

MP names 

By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Hunting will be banned if 
there is a hung Parliament 
after the next General Elec- 
tion, according to Sir Hector 
Monro, who was Minister for 
Sport from 1979 to 1981. 

His claim that a Conserva- 
tive defeat at the next election: 
will mean “goodbye to 
hunting" appears in Shooting 
and Conservation, the maga- 
zine of the British Association 
for Shooting and Conserva- 
tion, of which he is a vice- 

Sir Hector, Conservative 
MP for Dumfries, says that 
Labour is committed to im- 
posing legal bans on hare- 
coursing and the hunting of 
foxes and stags. 

He says that Alliance MPs 
would “certainly" support a 
Labour Bill against hunting. 

“If Labour wins the next 
election, or there is a balance 
of power with the Alliance, it 
is goodbye to hunting." 

.As well as opposing hunting 
and coursing Labour has 
made “suspicious noises" 
about shooting and fishing. Sir 
Hector writes. “This thin end 
of many wedges is all too 

Con filmed from page 1 
assault came to be revealed. 

The four questions tabled 
by the MP ask the Attorney 
General if be will prosecute 
the named doctor for sexual 
offences involving the child. 
Details are sought on the 
prosecuting policy in cases 
-involving sexual offences 
where the victim is a child and 
no other witness is available 
although corroborative evi- 
dence is available. 

Mr Dickens asks bow many 
cases in the past five years 
involving sexual offences 
against children have been 
considered by the DPP and 
how many have been dropped 
for lack of witnesses. 

In a fourth question, the MP 
asks if the Attorney General 
will take over private prosecu- 
tions mounted after the police 
have decided against prosecu- 

The doctor named by Mr 
Dickens is married and works 
for a group of hospitals in the 

Yesterday Essex police said 
that naming any suspect 
would not lead to the reopen- 
ing of the girl's case unless 
there was fresh evidence. 

Evidence problems, page 12 

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Trial for 


on Aids 

No retreat, Tories are told 

Tebbit sets radical mood for 


A woman accused of spitting 
on 8 store employee although 
she knew she was a carrier of 
fiie Aids and hepatitis B 
viruses has been remanded in 

She is to go on trial m 
Edinburgh later this month. 

When Rachel Towns ley, 
aged 24, first appeared at 
Edinburgh Sheriff Court on 
March 7, her solicitor claimed 
the charge was not relevant. 

But yesterday Mr Brian 
Gilfedder told Sheriff William 
Hook he was withdrawing his 

Townsley, of Buchanan 
Street, Edinburgh, was sent 
(bar trial on March 24. 

She 1ms denied a charge 
that knowing she was a earner 
of die Aids and hepatitis B 
viruses and that such condi- 
tions are transmitted by body 
fluids, she recklessly spat on 
Michael McConnache, an em- 
ployee of Goldbergs in High 
Riggs, Edinburgh, to his dan- 
ger on February 27. 

She also denies an alterna- 
tive charge of assaulting Mr 
McConnache by spitting m his 

Steam bomb 

Army bomb disposal ex- 
perts yesterday abandoned a 
derision to cany oat a con- 
trolled explosion on a 1,0001b 
wartime bomb _ found in an 
Essex gravel pit and instead 
steamed out die explosive. 

Mr Norman Tebbit made 
p lain yesterday that he wants 
the Conservatives to go into 
the next election with a pro- 
gramme for a “radical 
reforming" third term of of- 

The party chairman an- 
swered Conservative critics of 
Thatcherism with a ringing 
declaration of support for the 
Prime Minister at the opening 
of the Conservative Central 
Council meeting in 
Felixstowe, Suffolk. 

“Anyone can take the easy 
path. It takes no courage to 
fridge the issues, delay the 
decisions, or to go for today’s 
soft options", Mr Tebbit said, 
in a dear message to the 
growing body of “wets” and 
“consolidators" in the Cabi- 

By Stephen Goodwin, Political Staff 

cher will address ter “the damage inflicted by 
aber council today the militant union bosses , he 
rill be her lust said. 

speech to party In a touch of fomiliarTebbit 

Mrs Thatcher will address 
the 800-member council today 
in what will be her lust 
important speech to party 
fiith fill since the Westland 

Four other Cabinet minis- 
ters, in addition to Mr Tebbit, 
will also speak during the two- 
day gathering. 

Mr Tebbit told the council 
largely composed of constitu- 
ency party officers, that no 
other Prime Minister would 
have had the courage to 
outface what he said were the 
arrogant and over-mighty 
anion leaders and “the town 
hall dictators". Privatization 
had to continue, share owner- 
ship had to be extended, inner 
cities regenerated, and the 
education system repaired af- 

rhetoric, the party chairman 
said tha t reform of local 
government finance would al- 
low the democracy and re- 
sponsibility which had 
“thwarted the Trots and mili- 
tants in the unions to be 
unleashed on the self-same 
Trots and militants in the 
town hall s too." 

Mr Tebbit said that he 
hoped to see, beyond the next 
election, not just a Conserva- 
tive government keeping so- 
cialism and the woolly- 
minded muddle and 
confusion of neo-socialists 
and ex-sodalists at bay, but 
also “a radical reforming Con- 

servative government helpin g 
Britain to catch an d ov ertake 
our competitors abroad, not 
from a sense of rivalry but to 
equal and excel their capacity 
to create wealth, the wealth we 
need to improve fife m 
Britain." - i 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home . Secretary, told the ; 
council that Paifiament must 
ensure that adequate maxi- 
mum sentences were available 
that could reflect the anger of 
society about offences such as 
drug trafficking and rape.. 

LoitiHaflsham of&Maify- 
lebone, the Lord Cbancefior, 
al so sup p ort ed the seed for 
exemplary sentences m a 
speech, to Oxford University 
Conservative Association last 
night . 


The. Nati^nsJ Haag^Ser- 
vice is eiEipioy-:ilO,OOOfcwer 
staff than a yiara&ttiK third 
successive yegr;titt.N£iS staff 
numbers have Kta, , accord- 
ing in figuresrdeaoedycster- 
day by the Department of 

far tfefcT fifamgyasr. staff it 
numbers are exported to m- 
crease, by 3JOOQ tq 4,000, most . 
o£ them nurses. m for total 
employed ctimbs baefc to 
789.500, stift about &56fefre* 
low thc staff ceffing 4et by 
ministers for thc feunciaJ year 

Fulham by-election 

Alliance shows the strain 


How for fire fi 
sent a genuine cut xn 
not yet dear as fire pn vatiza- 

Bluebell sale 

The Bluebell Railway, tire 
steam engine line, in Sussex, is 
going public with __ share- 
holders’ benefits to be in travel 
and dining concessions. 

Renault check 

Owners of 80,000 Re n a u lt 9 
and Renault 11 models, are 
being asked to take them for a 
free check, after slight corro- 
sion from salt was found in 
steering boxes in cars in the 
United States and Can a d a. 

Gift for PC 

Police Constable Roger Caton, 
aged 29, who was badly in- 
jured in the riots in Totten- 
ham, north London, last year, 
was given £1,700 from teal 
residents at a welcome-back 
party last night 

Holidays offer 

Simon Weston, the Falk- 
lands su r v iv o r who was at 
tacked while on holiday at a 
Spanish resort has been of- 
fered two free trips by well- 
wishers, one to Portugal and 
one to Corfu, to help him 
forget his ordeal 

Mr Roger Liddle, SDP can- 
didate in the Fulham by- 
election, attempted to get the 
Alliance bandwagon on the 
road yestmday, but ended up 
revealing an embarrassing 
glimpse of the historically frail 
relationship between his party 
and the Liberals locally. 

With 300,000 SDP leaflets 
already delivered round the 
south-west London constitu- 
ency and hours of door- 
knocking under his bell Mr 
Liddle likened the local atmo- 
sphere to that of Hillhead in 
March 1982, scene of a fam- 
ous SDP by-election victory. 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

j_ - ■■■ would have probably gone for 

f- A slight drop in the setting up a charitable trust to 

ie Alliance’s lead over the Con- run the home. _ ' . 

servatives In local by-election 
vothig is recorded in results for 
February, issued by the Liber- 
al Pfcrty yesterday. 

Its share of votes cast fell 
from 48^4 per cent to 41, while 
the! Conservative share rose 
froth 263 per cent ■ to 324. 
Labour’s share fell by two 
points to 222 per cent 

ency it might not be so easy to 
generate. It looks as though we 
may be surprised-" 

Whal has already caused 

“My estimate is that at least interest locally is the decision 
40 per cent of the electorate by Hammersmith and Ful- 

.nnnnl tn oJl nfF in fl 

■tu H 1 - 1 — v — . . — — _ . 

are seriously considering ham council to sell on, in a 
changing their traditional par- £400.000 deal Stewart Lodge, 
. .Il^snrw' 1 ho coirf 4*1 nM npnnlK 1 home, com- 

ty allegiance , he said. 

Dr David Owen, the party 
leader, said there was already 
significant -local interest in 
their campaign. 

“That is one of the most 

an old peoples' home, com- 
plete with 29 residents, aged 
72 to 99. 

No party has an overall 
majority on the council and 
the intention to sell was 

critical things for us. Where reaffirmed by one vote this 
you can develop interest in the week only after two of the 

' - J iL. ..o «lmu I ilural MUlfintlnfC Clin. 

campaign and the sort of three Liberal councillors sup- 
feelings that came through in ported Conservatives.- 

HiUhead, you gradually begin 
to shift opinion. 

“One of our fears was that 

Mr Liddle was asked if he 
approved. He sighed audibly. 
“Privatization is not the solii- 

in an inner London constitu- lion I would have chosen. I 

Had he conveyed his reser- 
vations to his Liberal . col- 
leagues on the council? “I . 
have had several talks to Mr 
Simon Knott, yes", he replied. 

Mr Knott is not the SDPs 
greatest fan and at fire last 
general election he stood as ail,, 
independent Liberal in Ham- , 
meismith against the official. 
SDP candidate. . . . . 

Mr Nick RaynsfdnL the 
Labour candidate, has already 
described the sale as a “callous 
and barbarous act”. 

He seized bis chance. 
“There is a loog^ tradition _of 
the supposed Alliance parties, 
fighting amongst themselves 
locally", he said. ■ 

Mr Raynsfbrd believes the 
home is being sold off to 
finance a cut m the local rates 
and win votes for the Tories. 

Mr Matthew Carrington, 
the Conservative candidate, 
used his first press conference 
to highlight the local council's 
record and its proposed 16.5 
per cent rate cut. “ one of 
the biggest reductions in the 
country and is obviously very 
beneficial to everybody 

British Shipbuilders were 
yesterday- given approval for 
the sale of the loss-malting 
Hall Russell yard at Aberdeen. 

• After agreement a week ago 
on tfae safe of nuclear subma- 
rine builders Vickers, it is file 
last nf the state corporation's 
warship yards to be disposed 

' The Aew owners of Hallu 
RusseU will be Aberdeen Ship 1 - 
builders Ltd, one ; of three 
bidders for the small naval 
yard. One unsuccessful con- j 
tender was a group fed by the. | 
yard's managing director, Mr j 
Gordon Hilton. j 

British Shipbuflders actual- 
ly lose £L6 million under the I 
terms of the sale as the yard, j 
which employs more than 600 j 
people, was beset with debts. ! 

Announcing his consent, 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary 
of Stale for Trade and Indus- 
try, said British Shipbuilders 
had also accepted a limited 
contingent liability in the 
event of redundancies. 

The £1.6 milEon loss was 
“considerably less" than it 
would have cost to (dose the 
yard with consequent redun- 
dancy payments, Mr Channon 

?<TT1 T T^T»I'AjI 1 1”' >; i I 

“significant expansion . m 
services"..' V'’\ 

Spending bin' the NHS in 
England, is to. rise fy £650 
miflkm, with health authori- 
ties expected tb make'. £150 
miHkm in efficiency savings 
through competitive- tender- 
ing..enetgy conservation and 
better supplies management. 

They are ate expected to. 
raise £130 rmDidn'fiom the 
vsale of . surplus, land and 
property, including sales , of 
nurses homes, which Mr 
Fowler said would take total 
capital spending to more thro 
£900 miflkwv in- spite af 
slight foil in real terms in 
centrally-funded capital ; ex- 

Mr Fowler said progress 
could be found in . capital 
pro gram mes, i ncl udi ng a £24 
million district gencraLbospi- 
taL opening in Brorosgrove, 

Sogat funds writ 

By Robin Young and Richard Evans 

in the autumn, and a new 
district general hospital for 
SouihpoFt,Mera< 9 »fo. ■ 'r 
:■ Community care tiro- 
grammes were also progjfess- 
atg, with only four. -duldren 
expected tp be remaining in 

__ mn 

BuyaShollcy tor ldMv 
at the UOA pricr and sz 
post & packaig chamr! 


me £3.60 


Lawyer freed 

Mohammed Atif Bhatfi, a 
barrister from Smethwick, 
West Midlands, who was 
jailed for three months for 
swindling a client, was freed 
by the Court of Appeal yester- 

Jeeps divorce 

Mr Dickie Jeeps, aged 53, 
of Newmarket, Suffolk, a for- 
mer Sports Council chairman 
and British Dons rugby cap- 
tain, was awarded a divorce in 
London yesterday because of 
his wife's imreasimabte behav- 

Journalists on Mr Robert DailyReconL 
Maxwell's Scottish Daily The union's funds have 
Record and Sunday Mail vot- already been sequestered in 

[7TRT1 n J vm 1^1* 

I « I 1 *- r i ■ a \ ■ r*TTTjr 

I 1 1 (--ft L- Mill 

for an immediate strike yester- 

And Mr Maxwell's Mirror 
Group Newspapers started 
proceedings seeking a writ of 
sequestration against the print 
union, Sogat '82 
The papers have riot .been 

produced this week, and on 
Thursday the company's 
1,000 workers were sacked. 
The 660 employees who are 
members of Sogat were told 
they had dismissed them- 
selves on Monday for refusing 
to print an editorial critical ot 
the union. 

Mr Maxwell has said that 
there must be a 30. per cent 
reduction in the workforce or 
an immediate agreement on 
new working practices to 
make the Scottish papers 
more competitive. 

His action against . Sogat 
alleges that the union has 

PC accused 

Police Constable Nhendra 
Patel aged 25, ot Kflburn, 
north-west Loudon, was hailed 
until April 11 by Hampstead 
magistrates yesterday, ac- 
cused of assaulting Mr Leon 
Hamilton in August 1984. 

The Queen r e turnin g to 
Heathrow airport yesterday 
after her tour with the Duke of 

Dressed in a bright red 
heavy winter coat — in con- 
trast to the summer outfits 
worn far Nepal N** Zealand 
and Australia — the Queen 
shook hands with the crew 
after leaving her aircraft. 

Bockmghain Palace has rat- 
ed the 26-day tour a great 

saccess. The royal oowple ar- 
rived at the airport’s south 
side VIP area and were greet- 
ed by the Lord Chamberlain. 

. They thanked crew HKm- 
bers of the Australian Air 
Fence Boeing 747 which had 
brought them from Adelaide 
via Singapore and Bahrain. 

Security was strict at foe 
airport, info journalists’ cars 
being searched and dogs and 
armed police mi duty. 

broken a High Court injunc- 
tion ordering it to call off the 
industrial action which has 
hailed production ■ of fire 

Murdoch over... .News 
International's move to 
Wap ping. 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, yesterday attacked Mr 
Neil Kinnock’s proposal for 
government control of “mo- 
nopoly poweff’ in Britain's 
newspaper industry. * 

’He said that the. Labour 
leader’s speech to print work- 
ers on Thursday night in 
which be referred .to “Stalag 
Wapping" . and “Schioss 
Murdoch" was “probably ap- 
proved by Mr Beam". “ ’ - 

Dr Owen, speaking al a 
Fulham by-election Press con- 
ference, accused Mr Kinnock 
of foiling to understand that 
changes in the newspaper 
world over the tot . year, 
starting with Mr Eddy Shah 
and moving on to -Mr 
Murdoch’s . newspapers, were, 
not going to help the big ; 
monopolies solely. 

The changes would proba- 
bly lead /to a new thriving 
diversity of publications. • i 

Mr Fowler saifo .fiutti all 
regions were atso'-phtoniag 
important, developments hr 
acute services, with an in- 
crease in.hip and joint replace- 
ments and coronary artery 
and renal dialysis, and. anew 
children’s bonemarroWttans- 
ptanr unit dpextingin Bristol 
Dreadnonght to ahnty page 4 


VSO workers 

People who work for or^nt- 

zations such .as -Vofrnwary 
Service Overseas wiR/bt-abte 
to pay a special rate of 
national insurance confri bi>- 
tkms fnnzi-ApriI -6 to -entitle , 
them m social security bene- 

h i -.T*7 tS j • ; l— i : - iJ.T'i. 

Ingrams steps down at Private Eye 

By Alan Hamilton 

Mr Richard Ingrams, custodian for 
foe past 23 years of Lord Gnome’s 
organ, Dave Spart and EJ.Thribb, is to 
step down from the editorship of foe 
satirical magazine Private Eye in Sep- 
tember, in favour of his deputy, Mr Ian 

Mr Ingrams, aged 48, has steered the 
Eye through a minefield of libel actions 
and drenution difficulties since 1963, 
the year he succeeded Mr Christopher 
Booker as editor when the magazine, 
launched in the new-found climate of 

free expression to the early 1960s, was 
only two years okL He will continue as a 
director and occasional contributor. 

An onlikely thorn in the 
establishment’s side, Mr Ingrams is an 
old boy of Shrewsbury and graduate of 
University College, Oxford. He has nut 
Eye for almost Ms entire working life. 
His successor, Mr Hislop, is agrel 25 
and has been with the magazine for two 

Mr Ingrams said yesterday that he 
was leaving to concentrate on other 
writing commitments; he has been 
commfaBtoned to write a biography of 

Malcolm Muggeridge, and plans tn. 
work on a reissue of the Shell Guides to 

“My main achfevaent has been to 
keep this magazine going," be said. “It 
now seems to be accepted as part of foe 
British way of life; but it still annoys 
people, which is a good thing.” 

One of his biggest successes was to 
have foe magazine distributed by 
WJLSmith, foe country's largest 
wholesale newsagents. 

He also kept foe company afloat in 
die lace of a series of substantial libel 

Newtotl under Secretary of 
State: for Health' and- SociaL 
Security, announced yester- 
day. ’ -: . 

ously detained 

unemployment, sickness and 
other benefits on returning 
and were abo prohibited while 
abroad., from., payi ngfite oa- 
tionalinsurance contributions 

Mr Ingrains, editor lor 
• 23 -years.; ■. ■ 

®gun$ ai 

\ZLt> j 

c «ld 

■r\ ' 

< rV 


^ ■.* 


: . ■ i *'.- 


Hi / 1 • • 






fa m the rota te. rcoan *»» 

told yestenixy . 

MraDitn C olK«.«gej ^ 
^*o« nusbwidni bus driver, 
took .eh**.. after Patrick 

*® 2 “. «*a *; collided 

hit, the kerb at least three 
tunes, sodded forward over 
5F»*ed,imcni«d therafo 
of moiorw ay driven; by dm- 
it® wratkauy and -switching 
lanes and repeatedly wound 
down the window for air. as if 
to stop himself from foiling 

: Runoman, a former Naval 
p etty o fficer and merchant 
seaman, was banned for five 
yean and fined a total of 
£l,20frby magistrates at Exe- 
ter after admitting driving 
with excess akohol, driving 
recklessly and foiling to stop 
after an accident. 

The Court was told that cat a 
stop at Bristol during the 
London-Exeier run in a dou- 
ble-decker National Express 
coach on January 13, 
Runcmum drank half a bottle 


- ^whisky to calm hisnerros. 

Rune i mao. of Church 
Road. Alphington, Exeter, 
sud after the case: “It’s feir. I 
ym worried about going to 
jaiL You really have to keep 
your wus about you. The only 
reason T was all over the lanes 
was because the. wind was 
blowing me." 

■ Miss Carolyn Meflanby, for 
foe prosecution, ‘ said that 
Ku nciman’s driving endan- 
gered 32 passengei^jQthef mo- 
torists had hooted at the coach 
as it was bong driven, errati- 
cally on the M5. 

Passengers became increas- 
ingly frightened, when the 
coach reached Exeter, hit the 
kerb and cbllidedrwith the two 
cats. Mrs Coffins,' of Exmouth, 
Devon, became “absolutely 
terrified". Miss Mellanby 

"And I don’t think she was 
foe only passenger to have 
that feeling. She .plucked up 
. foe courage to get up from her 
seat sear the final, Jean across 
the driver and grab the 
handbrake — an act of some 

. The vehicle came to a stop 
and R unci man asked what she 

was doing. Mrs Collins 
smelled whisky on his breath 
and pressed the button to turn 
off the engine. She then or- 
dered him from the coach. 

Eventually, he climbed back 
in, complaining he had ’flu. 
"Miraculously, the coach ar- 
rived at the depot without 
further incident," . Miss 
Mellanby said. Passcn^rs 
then complained to an inspec- 
tor about Runcintan's driving. 

Miss Mellanby. who said 
that the collisions caused ex- 
tensive damage to die cars, 
told the court that a breath test 
showed him to be three times 
over the legal limit ' 

Mr Paul Willoughby, for the 
defence, said that Runciman 
was warned at Bristol by other 
driven that wind conditions 
to Exeter were “atrocious". 

He added: “His nerve com- 
pletely cracked. He couldn't 
face the drive to Exeter and he 
attacked the bottle of whisky, 
using it as an anaesthetic. He 
knows be took a terrible risk 
and he knows that be drove 
very badly and dangerously.” 

Runciman was now unem- 
ployed and possibly would' 
remain so. 




By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Package holidays in the 
• peak season from mid-July to 
the end of August are becom- 
ing harder to find because of 
the boom in early bookings. 

It is also becoming harder to 
secure a first-choice holiday, 
two leading travel agents have 

Pickfords Travel has 
launched a brochure offering 
about 75,000 extra holidays 
for the peak season. - 

It has bought the holidays 
from a number oftonr opera- 
tors and the brochure lists 400 
hotels in more than 130 
resorts. The cheapest holiday 
is £95 for a week at full board' 

Thomson Holidays, one of 
several operators progres si ve- 
ly increasing holiday capacity 
to meet additional demand, 
says that .addle it is .more 
difficult for anyone^ to secure 
their first-choice destination, 

; hotel, andfligln^ there are riS • 
many thousands of Hobdays 
left during the peak season.- - 

But those wanting a specific 
holiday are already, moving 
back into June bookings to 
secure their choice. 

Tour operators are saying 
that there is little chance of 
putting on many additional 
holidays over the peak period 
because aircraft have been 
fully booked. 

MP wins 
dog fight 

Mrs Sally Oppenhrim, a 
former Consumer Affairs min- 
ister, is to talk to die owner of 
a Dobermann pinscher to work 
out an area of RegenCs Park 
where they can walk their dogs 
without meeting. 

The Dobermann, Toffee, 
and Mrs Oppeahom's Jack 
Rnssells, Spot and Snoopy, 
wereieiitg walked by house- 
keepers when they were re- 
volved in a fight Spot and 
Snoopy were iqjmed. 

Mrs Maria Homan, of 
Bebize fork, Hampstead, 
north London^, admitted per- 
mitting Toffee to iqfme anoth- 
er dog and was given a 
conditional discharge for six 
months- at West Loudon 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday. 

- The (fog’s owner, Mrs 
Branko Snmger, of York Ter- 
race Estate, Camden Town, 
was ordered to keep the dog 

- Mrs Oppenheini f .MP for 
Gloucester, said after the case 
that it -was die third time her 
dees had been attacked by 
Toffee. “We are defighted with 
the outcome, which is satisfac- 
tory as for as we are con- 
cerned. There -was never any 
question of having this dog put 

She was going to discuss 
areas of the park la which they 
could walk their dogs. 

Vets want licensing of 
airguns and crossbows 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

The British Veterinarv As- 

sodation yesterday called for a 

licensing system for airguns 
and crossbows to counter 
widespread and wanton cruel- 
ty to household pets and farm 
li vestock, and possible risks to 
humans. „ 

Mr Jim Allcock, of the 
associati on, said . that the 
Home Office campaign 
launched three years ago had 
moved completely ineffective. 
. In 1984. the latest for which 
figures were available, the 
number of indictable offences 
involving airguns rose to 

The use of steel pellets, 
i pet part of lead, had increased 
muzzle velocity by two or 

three times, and the weapons 
were considerably more dan- 
gerous than they used to be. 

“Armed trespass, wander- 
ing around the edges of towns 
shootii$ at everything in 
sight, is totally illegal" Mr 
Allcock said. 

“Yef it occurs on a massive 
scale and nothing whatever is 
done about it." 

• The association also 
warned that the nation’s 
health was jeopardized by 
short-sighted reductions in 
funds for animal disease re- 

Cutting resources would re- 
duce the capability to check 
outbreaks of diseases such as 
tuberculosis and rabies. • 

‘Money no 
object for 

A disc jockey said self- 
confessed satanist Derry 
Mainwaring Knight offered 
him giris, expensive clothes 
and fast cars with “money no 

And Mr Give Bygrave told 
Maidstone Crown Court that 
Mr Knight said he knew a 
house of young women in 
Felbridge, Surrey, "who 
would look after me”. 

Mr Bygrave, of East 
Grinstead, a disc jockey on the 
luxury liners Canberra and the 
Sea IPnncess. said Mr Knight 
wanted him to front "the 
biggest disco road shows the 
South had ever seen". 

"Knight said he had £5,000 
in his pocket which be patted 
and said 1 could have there 
and then. 

"I thought it was a good 
offer but probably too good to 
be true” Mr Bygraye said. 

And another witness said 
Mr Knight said he ran a 
prostitution ’Sacket in London 
while he was obtaining more 
than £200.000 from commit- 
ted Christians. 

Mr Knight also had several 
prostitutes in Southend, Es- 
sex, as “friends", according to 
his lodger, disc jockey Simon 

But Mr Willis refused to 
give the court details of Mr 
Knight's salanic connections 
because of “danger to 

- Mr Knight is charged with 
obtaining more than £200.000 
by deception from committed 
Christians. He claimed the 
money was to help to five him 
from the devil and become a 

But the prosecution allege 
the money was spent on fast 
cars, prostitutes and high liv- 

Another witness. Mrs Irene 
Cranham, a cleaner at the 
home of Mr Knight's mistress, 
Angela Murdoch, said Angela 
suddenly acquired a £300 
sequinned jumper, dresses, 
coats and skirts. 

Mrs CVanham said Mr 
Knight once gave her three 
£50 notes he peeled from a 
large wad and she saw Mr 
Knight driving many fast and 
expensive cars and once 
bought Angela a Porsche for 
her birthday. 

The trial was adjourned 
until Monday. 

Hostess ’paid 
£1000 to 
escort prince* 

' A brothel hostess was paid 
£1,000 to escort a crown 
prince and- amend parties 
thrown by television and 
sporting celebrities, her de- 
fence solicitor said yesteroay. 

Lesley Dransfidd, aged 33, 
who admitted keeping* broth- 
el at her home in Newcastle 
Avenue. Blackpool, was given 
a two-month suspended pris- 
on sentence by foe town s 

Mr Peter Lawson, for foe 
defence, said that Dransfidd, 
who started with 8 massage 
parlour, earned large sums, 
including £1.000 to escort the 
prince for four days. 

She believed foe massage 
parkwr was legitimate- 

‘Strangler’ convicted 
of five sex attacks 

A sex attacker known as 
“The Strangler” was convict- 
ed yesterday of a series of 
brutal attacks on women in 
Hornsey, Holloway and Wal- 
thamstow, in north and east 

Tony Bromwich, aged 19, 
looped lengths of washing line 
or electric flex mound foe 
necks of five victims, and 
tightened them, foe Central 
Criminal Court was told. 

Bromwich, a trainee printer, 
of Buxton Road, _ Upper 
Holloway, was convicted of 
attacking victims, aged from 
15 to 33. and rendering them 
incapable of resistance by 
choking and suffocating them. 

He was also found guilty of 
causing grievous bodily barm 
to one victim, and ofhavinga 

length of rope as an offensive 

The Common Serjeant, 
Judge Thomas Pigot. QC, 
remanded him in custody for 
psychiatric reports. 

Mr Michael Sayere, for the- 
prosecution, said that 
' Bromwich stalked the streets 
at night seeking victims 
walking alone in deserted 

He crept up behind them 
and began to strangle them, 
dragging them to the ground 
and sexually assaulting them. 

He struck during a five- 
week period which ended with 
his arrest last May as he 
followed an intended sixth 
victim along a street in Isling- 

Mountbatten home survival plan 

_ t..j tn the Ini 

A snvlnJ phut 
drawn up for the Broadtands 
Estate, home of Lord Mount- 
batten of Burma, and honey' 
moon now of the Prince fe®d 
Princess of Wales and the 
Queen and . Duke of 
Ed lnbor g h ji was 

Plans for development of 
part of the estate at Hornsey, 
Hampshire, . have been pre- 
pared because of fosses ion 
ddbr business -and the, neen 
foe urgent restoration to 
foe house. 

Lord Roinsey, Lord 
Monntbatfen’s sou, says that 
losses on the nember of visi- 
tors to the house, first opened 
to the public in 1979, have 
been £ 231,000 in the past 
three years, and other ways to 
stem foe future of the house 
and the 6,000-acre estate hare 

to be found. ' • „ 

The bouse and i mm edia te 

outbuildings need urgent res- 
toration work costing. at least 
£335JKK). . . 

A booklet oirtHmngdevdop- 
mebt proposals says it win be 

possible to convert the bufld- 
ing for other uses but foe 
public would be denied access, 
. except as paying guests to - a 
hotel .Leisure and entertain- 
' meat facilities could be provid- 
ed but foe honse ' and park 
would be swamped by a "ver- 
sion of Disneyland". 

Plans submitted to Test 
Valley Borough Council are 
for foe boflding of a retail 
shopping centre, a leisure 
pool, a landscaped car 'park 
and an 84-dwelllng complex 
■ for foe elderly 

Mr Basil Handford, aged 85, with 
named in his honour which was 

when he and Evelyn Waugh were pup: 

West Sussex, outside the new girls’ house 
y opened yesterday. Mr Handford’s connection with the college goes back to 2914, 
ills. Girls were admitted for foe first time in 1978 (Photograph: John Voos). 

Walter Mitty 
robber jailed 
for six years 

A former public schoolboy 
who carried out an armed 
robbery at a building society, 
disguised in a floppy hat and 
sunglasses, was jailed for six 
years yesterday. 

Philip Vickers, of Burghley 
Road, St Andrews, . Bristol 
had admitted, at an earlier 
court hearing, robbing a cash- 
ier of £1,120 at the National 
and Provincial Society's 
branch in Oxford. 

Mr Ian Alexander, for the 
prosecution, told Oxford 
Crown ' Court that Vickers 
pointed a starting pistol at the 
cashier and demanded money. 

. Vickers told police: "It was 
an act of desperation. I was 
homeless, broke and had no- 
where to stay." 

Mr Peter Hem'ty, for the 
defence, said Vickers seemed 
to have a Walter Mitty 
character.He regretted having 
frightened anyone during the 

Computer ‘purge’ 
of all old crimes 

By Richard Evans .Lobby Reporter 

Thousands of people with 
cr iminal records based upon 
minor crimes committed up to 
50 years ago are to have their 
names removed from the po- 
lice national computer. It was 
disclosed last night 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, said that the sub- 
stantial reduction in the num- 
ber of criminal records would 
not impair police operations. 

There are currently almost 
five million names on police 
records, but many of them 
relate to minor breaches of the 
law stretching back before the 
Second Work! War. 

Until now records of all 
people who com m itted a single 
minor offence were kept on the 
computer until the offender 
was aged 40. Records for 
those who committed more 
than one offence were not 

removed until they were aged 

Mr Hurd said: “Under the 
new criteria these age limits 
are removed and records will 
be weeded where offenders 
have not come to notice for 20 
years since the last conviction. 

“This will result in the 
deletion of a large number of 
names and records of people 
who have committed more 
than one offence in their 
youth, ami who' have not re- 
offended for 20 years but 
whose records would other- 
wise have been kept until they 
were 70 years old." 

He told Mr David Maclean, 
Conservative MP for Penrith 
and the Border, that the 
records would not be deleted if 
they mduded evidence of men- 
tal illness or indecency, custo- 
dial sentences of more than six 
months, or homicide offences. 

Damages for 
girl mauled 
by lioness 

A young girl who was 
mauled by a lioness in June 
1978 was yesterday awarded 
damages of £8,636 in the High 
Court in Birmingham. 

Katherine Graham, now 
aged 12. of Riverside. 
Alcester. Warwickshire, re- 
ceived severe facial injuries 
requiring 140 stitches. 

Mr Anthony Hughes, for 
the girl, said the lioness had 
mauled her as she tried to 
have her photograph taken in 
its booth at the Alcester 

Its owner, Mr Graham- 
Jones, aged 70, who runs a 
zoological park near Leaming- 
ton Spa, Warwickshire, had 
accepted liability. 

The deputy High Court 
judge, Mr Michael Pratt, QC, 
said part of the award had 
been made because Katherine 
needed a bypass operation to 
prevent her eyes watering. 

Board man 
took bribe 
court told 

A senior official with the 
Greater Loudon Enterprise 
Board accepted a £17,500 
bribe from two businessmen, a 
judge at foe Central Criminal 
Court was told yesterday. 

John Dinsdale, aged 36, 
who worked as an investment 
executive with foe board had 
obtained his job by deceit, Mr 
Julian Be van, for foe prosecu- 
tion, said. 

Dinsdale, of Spicers' Hill, 
Great Chari, Kent played a 
vital role in helping to obtain a 
£148.000 loan from the GLC- 
fonded board to the business- 
men. Bernard Horsfall, aged 
47, and Jama Blacow, aged 

In return for his services, he 
was “rewarded" with a bribery 
payment, the money coming 
from the board’s loan, Mr 
Bevan said. 

Dinsdale pleaded guilty to 
corruptly accepting the pay- 
ment and Horsfall, of Tiptree 
Road, Ruislip. London, and 
Blacow, of Church Street, 
Sutton Courtenay, Oxford- 
shire, admitted giving him the 

Dinsdale also admitted dis- 
honestly obtaining employ- 
ment with the board in 1983 
by falsely claiming that he bad 
gained Ahree A level passes 
and that two references were 

“Corruption lies at the heart 
of this case", Mr Bevan told 
Judge Richard Lowry. QC. He 
said that Horsfall and Blacow 
were able to get financial 
backing from the board in 
January last year for their 
concrete reinforcing firm. A 
month later they gave 
Dinsdale £17,500. 

The matter came to light 
when bank officials dealing 
with the loan “smelt a rat" 
because of Dinsdale's connec- 
tion with another private 
company of which he was a 

The hearing continues on 


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Lawyers back 
reform of 
review system 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society's council press MPs to demand {“ 
vesierdav approved the ere- explanation when the r^u 
aiion of a Solicitors’ Com- uons come before the Com- 
plaints Bureau to restore mons next week, 
public confidence in the way it The entire burden of the 

handles the 9.000 complaints cu u the first since the scheme 
received each year. was launched in 1950, will be 

The bureau was one of two borne by families, the society 

said, "The larger the family 

options proposed by indepen- 

miu. » o” ... __ 

dent management consultants toe harder the effect will be. 

as ways of reforming the 
complaints machinery. It will 
mean complaints handling 

A spokesman said: "It is a 
peculiarly unpleasant cut to 
Dut the entire burden on 

mean complaints nanaung _ ul toe enure Duraen on 
will be "distanced” from the families and leave single peo- 
LawSocieiy. pie unaffected. We feel very 

The Master of the Rolls. Sir strongly about it. This is the 
John Donaldson, will be invit- £ut in the wrong place.” | 

ed to consider how many lay 

people should sit on the Society council meet- 

committees to investigate and . ^ t0 ^ open to the 

adjudicate on complaints and god the profession, 

to nominate them. possiblv withtheaidofdosed- 

The new bureau, likely to television, after a ballot 

start work in January next 0 f t j, e solicitors, 
vear. will probably be housed Abont 6.200 solicitors voted 
at Victoria where the Law - n f aTOnr 0 f opening meetings 
Society is negotiating for new ^ of author- 

premises. _ , . jty meetings, and about 4.600 

It will have a staff of about T * ted q p ainst . 

150. an increase of a third on The ^^{ 00 , which is that 
the size of the existing p roles- ^ Sodetv members can 
sional purposes department attend the meeting, also in 
which deals with complaints. eifcct diodes the Press. It is 
That department will be dis- expected to come into force in 
banded. the autumn. 

The Bureau will also take on ■ ™ 

the powers the Law Society jj e ^ thal the Lord 
has just acquired under me Qfa nce |i or had introduced the 
Administration of Justice Act cul ^toout consulting either 
19S5 to tackle complaints of lhe l^. society, which runs 
"shoddy work”, and to order a lhe a j,j ^heme. or the 
solicitor to remit all or part of Advisory Commit- 

his fees. teethe Government’s watch- 

Solicitors will face a sub- ^ogbody 
stantial rise in the cost of their ■ . estimates 


Thekey element of lhe non- have to pay a comribuiion. 
statutorv bureau is lay repre- The society gave the exam- 
sentaiion on the committee pie of a family where the wire 
which will reject or accept does not work and there are 
complaints. three children, aged 4. 8 and 

• The Government’s cut in 13. with a gross income of 
eligibility for the legal aid £10.460. TTrey are eligible for 
scheme which came into force free legal aid now but in future 
last week, was attacked by the would have to pay contnbu- 
Law Society yesterday. It will lion of £190. 

ITV joins 

By David Hewson 

Arts Correspondent 

The BBC and independent 
television are preparing to do 
battle for the last bastion of 
television-free family life, the 
daytime. By the autumn both 
channels expect to be on air 
from breakfast time until after 
midnight every day. 

Independent television, 
which has yet .to receive 
permission for its planned 
extension of hours, has fired 
the first warning shot by luring 
Mr William Smeihurst, pro- 
ducer of the BBC radio series 
The Archers, to join Central 
TV as executive drama senes 


One of his imual tasks will 
be to oversee the Crossroads 
series, but he is also expected 
to work on a new daytime 
soap opera. 

The corpora uon, which has 
between £6 million and £8 
million only 10 pay for ite 
davtime schedules, cannot af- 
ford to start its own soap 
opera and will have to rely on 
1 repeats. 

It is preparing a new daily 
show which will give viewers 
the chance to air their opin- 
ions. and re-runs of popular 
dramas such as Poidark and A 
Horseman Riding By. 

The corporation is anxious 
to start running a service 
through the day to improve its 
overall share of the audience. 

.As part of the changes the 
BBCs breakfast programme is 
to be relaunched as a hard 
news programme and some of 
its “softer" aspects moved to 
the main daytime schedules. 

The BBC has rejected an 
offer from the American chan- 
nel. CNN. which could have 
given it 24-hour coverage. 

Independent television is 
expected to approach the In- 
dependent Broadcasting Au- 
thority shortly for permission 
to start a service which goes on 
air after the closedown of TV- 
am and runs through the day. 

Unemployment and chang- 
ing work habits, which have 
led more people to work from 
home, have convinced broad- 
casters that they have aduty to 
extend their output. 


Lifeboat Day 

Pennies for a century’s perils at sea 

From Tim Jones 

When thousands contribute 
to the Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution's flag day onTnes- 
day, the service will be remem- 
bering the worst disaster in its 
history a hundred years ago. 

The deaths of 27 rescuers 
led to the establishment in 
Britain of charity flag days. 

It happened after the barque 
The Mexico, from Hamburg, 
struck a cam! hank in savage 

seas off the Lancashire coast 

Her distress signals were 
answered by three lifeboats. 

The Kfiza Fernley, the 
Southport lifeboat, reached 
The Mexico first but capsized. 

The Laura Janet, sent from 
St Anne's, reached a point two 
miles from Southport and 

Only the Charles Biggs 
from Lytham managed to 
reach the stricken barque to 
pluck 12 people from tor 
storm-lashed deck and return 
them to shore. 

By day’s end, 27 
liTeboatmen had been lost, 
leaving 16 widows and SO 
orphans. Disasters had oc- 
curred before, but the scale of 
the tragedy struck a chord 
with the public. 

Queen Vktorpi and the 
German Emperor contributed 
to the disaster fund which 
raised £50,000, but Sir 
Charles Macara, a Manches- 
ter cotton « ugnate, realized 
rtiat many people would be 

« MM 

iTm nr. in \ • * \ 

home law 

BvCtrisropfe Waimni 

The immunity protecting 
authorities foa ttbmtofe 
and pobtic bctltfc law fooufo- 
be ended,' Lord fttt of Hamp - ; 
stocL cbairman of (he British ■* M 
Medical AswtiaBon; s»* i* •* *- 
Loodoc yesterday, L ^v- _ >/.. 

The immunity Mabtat foe ? 
G ov er n ment. toad -V 

authorities to do» tbeir-Qie& > 
to the probkini ■of bjto’&eas- 

m niafle jewlaPnMowpes r. 

needed toput i&6a*_ngfrL' :V>-. I 
Lord m speaking;*:.* l" 

co nfer ence bn boustog-mfoe^ 

London bfliOttgfr- Of- Tower V 
Handeis; VKuea that counal ,; 
tenants living. in u£dte^thy - 
and dangerous conditions 
should have tire same prove- - 
tioo agaiRSttfaarJandJflrilsas^ 
those irvtog in privaetyTitof- » 
ed and hotsay ^ttsoriafio a; 
flats and howto.-- • ■->. -. 

He sahi flat foe Pw>hc:** 
Health and Safety Acts, which ■ 
offered wtiteEtion to foeten- ; 
ants of private landksrds, 
could not beared byenvmxt- r 
menud health officers gainst 
tbefr own authorities, and » a 
householder taking up a coun- 
cil tenancy Ipst impomnl 

- He instigated, in 189L, the 
first Lifeboat Saturday when 
30,000 people watched a pa- 
rade of tends and boats 
through Manchester, and the 
laun ching of two lifeboats into 
an artificial lake in Bellevue 

The idea upon which Life- 
boat Saturday was based b the 
foundation upon which mod- 
ern fund-raising has grown 
and the annual parades contin- 

Ufeboat Saturday being held in Manchester in the 1890s (top), with (left) 
uieooai aamiuay and a modern flag day in London. 

its founder. Sir 

ued for some years. 

The First World War 
caused a serious Call in volun- 
tary subscriptions and it was 
fhar finan cial crisis which led 
to the printing and sale of flags 
from street collectors. 

Last year, the London col- 
lectors raised £198,000 to 

contribute to the £1.2 million 
collected nationally. Although 
the service, which costs' more 
than £23 million a year to ran, . 
receives most of its money 
from legacies, flag days are a 
vital part of its income; a new 
lifeboat can cost £480,000. 

Last year was the busiest 

ever: lifeboats were fa w a rfr ed 
3^13 times to save L62Jtiws. 

The loose change that Lon- 
doners win give ou Tuesday fa 
exchange for the littte paper 
flag is a small price . for the 
bravery of the vohmteers who 
risk their fires far those in 
peril on the sea. 

Ruling allows claim by 
lost seamen’s families 

Paratroopers win cut in sentence 

^ further two paratroopers 
jailed last December for inde- 
cency against a woman soldier 
won ’reductions in their sen- 
tences in the Court of Appeal 

The decisions followed suc- 
cessful appeals against sen- 
tence last month by two other 
members of the 1st Battalion, 
The Parachute Regiment, who 
had been convicted of inde- 
cent assault. 

At last month's hearing. 
Lord Justice Watkins de- 

scribed the victim, a private in 
the Women's Roval Army 
Corps, as "dissolute and sexu- 
ally depraved” 

Yesterday the judge, sitting 
with Mr Justice Garland and 
Mr Justice QgnalL allowed 
appeals by Private Ian Ed- 
wards, aged 22, and Corporal 
Stephen Hulme. aged 28, who 
had been jailed for nine and 12 
months respectively. Both 
sentences were cut to six 

Appeals by Private Edwin 

Lilley, aged 22, and Lance 
Corpora] Norman Quinn, 
aged 23, against their six- 
month sentences were dis- 

The victim alleged she bad 
been raped at Bulford Camp, 
Wiltshire, but the eight para- 
troopers were acquitted of the 
charge. Five others were 
cleared completely of all sex 
charges against them. 

None of the soldiers was at 
the hearing. 

A High Court judge in 
London yesterday paved the 
way for relatives of English 
seamen who drowned when 
the ore carrier Derbyshire 
went down with all hands in a 
storm off Japan in 1980, to sue 
the ship’s owners. 

Mr Justice Sheen, in the 
Admiralty Court, dismissed as 
“absurd" a legal proposition 
by the owners of the Derby- 
shire, which, if upheld, would 
have prevented families of the 
44 dead seamen from seeking 
compensation under the 
Employees Liability (Defec- 
tive Equipment) Act 1969. 

Yesterday's ruling was in 
lhe case brought by the rela- 
tives of Leo Coltman, a crew- 
man, aged 33, of Red car, 
Geveland. They are seeking 
compensation from Bibby 

Tankers, the ship's owners. 

Mr Coltman's family 
claimed that his death was due 
to a “defect in equipment 
provided by his employers.” 

The owners argued in their 
defence that a ship could not 
be legally classed as 

. The judge said that it would 
be “manifestly absurd” not to 
regard a ship as "equipment”. 

It is alleged in the Coltman 
action that the defect in 
equipment was “wholly or 
partly attributable” to the 
shipbuilders. Swan Hunter, 
but that Mr Coltman’s death 
must be deemed to be due to 
negligence on the part of 
Bibby Tankers, without preju- 
dice to any remedy Bibby’s 
might have against Swan 

Patients given promise 
as Dreadnought shots 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

The 100-year-old Dread- The decision to dose the 
nought Seamen’s Hospital in Dreadnought — named alter 
Greenwich, .south-east Lou- the hospital ; Shrp in the 
don, is to close at the end of Thames which ongraally 
the month after promises by served seamen — ms bero op- 
West Lambeth Health A 11 - posed by the National Union 
thority that seamen will con- of Seamen, wmch has staged a 
tinue to receive priority , series of one-day, ferry slnto 
treatment at St Thomas’ hos- overthedosure,«idbyhraIm 
pita! in London to which service unions. Heahhmims- 
fecilities are being transferred. . ters daim^tfee move will mvc 

Greenwich Borough Couth" the Greenwich Health Author- 
ed yesterday withdrew an . ity £800,000 a year and pro- 
appheationtohave the closure vide seamen with a better., 
derision quashed after assur- service, ■ - . - - • 

j-. . . v 1 .l - "a jt— DinVi fiT frir 

OTcenWIUL DUIUU5U Wttu- — ■ 

dl yesterday withdrew an . ity £800,000 a year and pro- ; 
application tohave the ckwure vide seamen with a better,, 
derision quashed after assur- r service, ■ - . - - • 

ances from West Lambeth : Mr Michael Rich, QC,. for . 
that a consultant would be Gitoiwich council said the 
appointed to the unit and that - application had been made 
money transferred from ■ because seamen bad been ^>St 
Greenwich Health Authority Thomas' but had not been 
to run the service would be receiving, the priority prom- 

protected and not subject to ised. • T-ettenL'nas* 13 
cuts at the bospitaL Letters, page 14 

Council tenants could seek 
redress u nder the law only if 
ibey began aa action diem- . 
selves. 1 ■ ■ 

-This vs totrihrurfur. and 
tbe law shoakl be changed," 
Lord Pitt said . • : 

in . many . cases, LnrcL ■ 
sakL^ there was a direa fink . 1 
between foe poor healtft of- ’ 
some eounefl 1 tenants andae^ £ . 


needed £100 miffiaa to faing * 
its 1&.O0Q homes up to 
yet its capital alkicauoft iOr . 
1985-86 was only £1L4 miffiop. * : 

Vice girl, 15, J 
*was given " 
coimcu flafjj 

A Wdvediampton prostir^ 
tuie aged 15 had her own » 
council flaua juvenile court in » •• 
the city was imd yesterday, -j* 
She had been granted foe^ 
tenancy because the council ^ . 
thought she was 18. . ' ... 

She also had convictions as g. 
an adult for prostitution be- 
fore it was disco v ered by 
police that she was a juvenile. 

Bnt lhe name she had given 
10 police was false and farther 
inquiries established that she 
was mS? 15.' ■ "• 

' Tbe gTri, bowhi care, admit- - - 
ted loitering for prostitution., 
and was oven a conditional) 
discharge for l^mrmths.- 1 
t»a night the council's; 
housing committee said that a * 
would mvestigatehow she was 
afiottedthcfiaL. * 


NHS • Childbirth ;* 

Better management brings savins i 


Improved management of the 
national health service was 
beginning to pay off Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services, said 
during a Commons debate on 
management reorganization. 

He said that cash savings of 
£150 million were likely 
through value-for-money 

Mr Steven Norris (Oxford 
East, O moved that tbe House 
regard tbe report of the 
National Health Service 
Management Inquiry as an 
invaluable guide to efficient 
management of resources and 
welcomed the appointment of 
general managers at regional, 
district and unit level. 

There was genuine and 
understandable concern from 
the Royal College of Nursing 
and the BMA but tbe picture in 
reality might not be as it 
appeared to them. 

Unless the NHS 
management board soon 
demonstrated that ii was 
making a positive contribution 
towards a more effective and 
efficient management of the 
service, the sooner yet another 
layer of bureaucracy went the 
better he would be pleased. 

Mrs Renee Short 
(Wolverhampton North East, 
Lab) thal sometimes nurses 
caring for patients were 
expected to be subjected to 
managers who knew nothing 

Funding legal 
aid centres 

Just as legal aid centres 
originated because of the 
perceived focal need for help, 
tbe best sources of funds 
remained in their own 
localities. Sir Patrick Maybe*, 
the Solicitor General, said in 
rejecting a suggestion that they 
.were agencies for which central 
government should assume 

Because those who provided 
the money tended to wish to 
have some control over the 
operation of whatever was 
being fended it was better that 
those local centres responding 
to local needs should look to 
the local authorities and other 
local sources for fends. 

Mr Da rid CleUand (Tyne 
Bridge, Lab), who opened toe 
debate, said toe Government's 
regressive policies towards 
local authorities had led to a 
situation where many councils 
had been squeezed beyond toe 
squeaking of the pips. 

about nursing. This created 
hostility. - ■ 

Mr Nonnas Fowlerr. Secretary 
of State for Social' Services, 
said if good management was 
essential -in small or medium- 
sized businesses, it was doubly 
essential in a service-toe size of 
toe NHS. His-concepi was not 
the dedication of toe staff but 
how this asset was managed, 
and past experience, had not 
always been encouraging. 

Many of the general 
managers being appointed 
came from within the service. 
In the coming years 
management skills within toe 
health service would have to be 
developed. He would have 
liked to have seen, more nurses 

I believe we have made 
significant progress (be said) 
towards improving NHS 

This year toe improvements 
made in efficiency had resulted 
in £120 million being released 
for use elsewhere in the service. 

He bad- now approved the 
sh on-term plans for 1986/7 
which would mean a significant 
expansion in services, more 
patients would be treated with 
more advanced techniques, and 
more care in the community. 

In tbe coming year, there would 
be an extra £650 million, 
representing a rise of 6.7 per 
cent, against an increase in 
general inflation of 4.5 per cent 
improved management was 
beginning to pay off. 

improved management was 
beginning to pay off 
Cash savings of £150 million, 
were likely through value-for- 

money measures, such as enogy 
conservation, better manage- 
ment of supplies and tendering 
for support services. 

Mr Michael Mead owcroft 
(Leeds West L) said the root of 
the problem from the 
Government’s point of view was 
control, not just management. 
They had an obsession with 
uniformity. . . 

There was no intrinsic reason 
why there could not be regional 
authorities with powers to lax 
and control services -which were 
clearly regional. . 

Mr Roger ittms (Chitichurst, Q 
said manage m ent could be 
drawn from a wide range of 
disciplines. • 

It was - not surprising that - 
there bad: been some grumbles 
about implementation of Grif- 
fiths, but that there had been so 

Mr William Hamilton (Central. 
Fife, Lab) said the fine words ' 
of toe Secretary erf" State about ■ 
the skill and dedication of the 
workers in the health service 
were far removed from what 
was happening around-' the 

Words cost nothing. Thair 
dedication and loyalty was 
. rewarded with peanut pay- 
packets while hospitals were ’ 
crumbling, paint peeling,- 
hospitals and wards doting,, 
and staff were leaving. 

Mrs Edwina ' Currie (South'. 
Derbyshire, . C) said the 
remarks of .some senior nurse 
trade unionists about Griffiths ' 
had been disgraceful. There 
was • nothing whatever- • to 
prevent nurses applying fbr/a‘ 

Mothers’ Wishes 
should be respected 

general manager post but foe* 
suspected toe reason they' daK 
not do so was. because tixty* 
liked hurting on toe wards, " 

Dr John Muck, an Opposition 
spokesman on health, said that, 
initially, the Griffiths report led . 
the -nursing - profession -to 
believe there would be no 
problem for their conditions of 
work, promotion prospects or 
their ability to talk with •• 
superiors about problems.' 

In practice^ .though, h. was, 
becoming dear that , managers, 
often had .. no nufoing; i 
experience; had to cope with* ” 
additional responsibilities. « f 
simply were not higlTehouglL. 
up the management laddertu* 
be able to deal effectively wito, 
difficulties. Such systems could-."- " 
not-be allowed to continue. . 
Mr Nigri. Spearing (Newham ^ . 
South, Lab) jsaki ^ it: might-, wdfc - 
be that in. the NHS a-greafef' . 
emphasis on line management ' 
and a greater sharpening •tro.bfc . 
responsibility was needed,* 
particularly tor toe allocation iof> 
scam resources or the use.-of* 
those available. But those with' 
the . right qualifications .arid, 
experience should be the/ones*. 
to help to do the job. ■ 

Mr Raxnmail Whitney.- Under « 
Secretary of- State for -Heahft w 
and Social Services; said' bis .- 
.department was not. talking 
about-, management-, for 
management's sake but about 
m anage m ent for the patients* . " 
sake. The old system was - 
flawed to put it: mildly. He- 
urged aU muses tor onderstancf 
the Government. w» conscious*, 
of their concern. 

US consultant; 


All in all women doctors already 
provided a substantial propor- 
tion of obstetric and 
gynaecological care in this coun- 
try and would -'provide -even 
more is the future, Mr Ray- 
mond Whitney, Undersecretary 
of State for Health and Social 
Security, said to a debate. to 
wbich Mr Brian Sedgemnre 
(Hackney South, and Shore- 
ditch, Lab) referred to toe cases 
of Mrs Wendy Savage and Miss 
Pauline BousqueL 
Mr Whitney said that the 
situation was not at all as bad as 
portrayed by Mr Sedgpmofe to * 
characteristically alarmist way. 
The red herrings he had sought 
to introduce were quite unjusti- 
fied. The position of women 
patients and women doctors in 

the important disriptiues .- of 
obstetrics and gynaecology were, 
secure and guaranteed. •• 

Mr Sedgonorc complained of 
toe danger to patient care caused 
by ' .the way ■ the medical 
establishment^ ^had treated Mis 
Savage, or toe London Hospital, 

and Miss Bousquet, a consultant' 

obstetrician and gynaecologist 
who used to work at die 
Mothers' Hospital,. Hackney. He 
spoke . of personal /ambition, 
spite and pique which tended to 
give toe lie to the image of the 
medical profession- created fry- 
soap operas. . 

, Mr Whitney said it -would be 
iip pflfl p ftr to mwfag-iY wnmgntc nf 
any nature about these individ- 
ual cases. On natural childbirth, 
all obstetricians should take 
account 1 of toe preference of 
women whose deliveries- were' 
under their care, so far as toeir 
profisstenaljiideemctoalkiwed. - 

It would havc been a rnaiter ofJ 
considerable' concern if a- viatr 
ixrvofvurg access= to dasafieq,; ' . 
maierial had - taken pface ' w^.to-, [ 

out the necessary authorization^ 1 - 
but no such visit took jjiasft.Mry-. 
John Lee,njlBa6r Sfecreiary OR: 
State far Defence ^Procurement, 

abom thcpiesdiKe in Britain ®! 
Mr- daxencer rRobtosobr • 
United -’Stoles . goveromeittj - 
constetanL . ^ 

.The matter wasTSEsed by Ml% . 
Ite DtriyeS j 

who swd ffetMrPatJ H^ptern** 

Pentagon technok^y SpecMUtti? • 
aniiuisssioned: twa companies' _ 

to oory ouv* survcy - ot- 
. countries to. .discover. SDHfef- 
laied. tedmoktoo foal wotw 
have to be . brought toto the 
study arto imgbr have 

: Are we British (he wenr.OB> 
reaDy going toaSfovoursetyes to. 
have 6nr advanced teebnotof? 
milked by toe Americanrf:^ 

^rL.: / •. - - • .' .: : ' ' : ' " ‘ - \ _•“ 

— '■' ’ •" ••• •"'' THE TIMES SATURDAY MARCH 15 lySo 



r*y/ L \ . m 

> J * ’ v 
jn W' f V 

Firm Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

TT* c Comm onroUh “emi- academics and pofiodans 
K*Pf^ ^Vwiucfa haveWa^d w«eMr 
yawtoy : c pinp leied a sea©* Mandeb in the pas? bS foe 
ft wit*£ lEvSpfe 

" *5*? P I? s ? cnt ^iy the most important to 

Botba and , Mr Nelson date. It could be seen as de 


Mandela, .the jailed kadertif' 
fo wti aycd African National 

-^Srfttadeia’s Office, the 
Ministry of Justice, and the 
Department of Prisons aD 
declined dther to confirm or 
deny the meetings officially, 
but The Times isreliabfy 
informed that both meetings 
took jdace last Wednesday. 

It is presumed that the 


. -was 

in focPoflsmoor prison out- - 
side Cape Town. It is not clear 
whether aD seven members of 
the group, winch includes 
Lord Barber.thetbrmCT Chan - 
cellor of the Exchequer, were 
present : 

A. few', foreign jour nalist s, 

to meet AN C leaders in exile. 

;• Last week, seven leaders of. 
the Congress of South African 
Trade -Unions, which, has 
some 500,000 members, held 
talks with the ANC in Lusaka, 
ent • by- -Mr Oliver Tam bo, die ANC 
of . Mr" Mandda^ - president and Mr Joe Sovo. a 
status asi political leader. . senior white official in the 
ibndfthegroiip’slnieftstO' South African Communist 
explore ' the possibility of Party, which is allied to the 
Commonwealth - . mediation . ANC, took pan. - 
betuwen. Pretoria and blade r 
leaders; It is also due to report • WHcfces bant: Allcast nine 
to Commonwealth states in people are reported to have 
June on the Benainehess of beenburallo death as witches 
Pretoria's chum moving fa y chanting mobs of yonng- 
away from apartheid: In the' stei > calling themselves 
light Of the report: member : -^comrades”, in the Naphuno 
states will decide whether to J < *^ rtmiKfftiieraTrans vaaL 

impose economrcsanctions. 

Recently, Pretoria has 
turned a wind eye. as black 
leaders here, as well as mem- 
bers of white liberal groups, 
have madethe pilgrimage to' 
Lusaka, the Zambian capital. 

The chief councillor of die 
local -tribal authority; Mr 
France Mathaba. said tbe 
burnings were “a bad reflec- 
-tion of the political direction 
of these young people". Police 
confirmed the incident. 

East-West tensions 

to arms details 

' From Michael Binyon, Washington 

' K wtKJI 

The Uniled States will 
present deputed proposals at 
the next session of then Gene* 
Lva anns talks in May for the 
f verification of medium-range 
missile reductions, according 
to President Resin's senior 
aims control adviser. ■ 

Mr Paul Nrtze said they 
woukl involve on-site inspec- 
tion and an exchange of 
information. The proposals 
would augment the latest US 
plan . on the redaction of 
intermediate weapons, which 
calls for the elimination of the 
Soviet and US arsenals in 
three phases over three years. 

Speaking to the US Foreign 
Service Institute on Thursday, 
Mr Nitre conceded that the 
US proposals would require 
the Soviet Union to make 
larger cuts than, the US in the 
first phase. But he said the 

plan was designed so that the 
Russians would not maintain 
anadvantage over the US at 
any point in the process. 

Hegave a generally negative 
assessment, of the. latest 
rounds of arms talks, suggest- 
ing the ^Soviet insistence on 
prohibiting the modernization 
of British add French nuclear 
forces showed the Russians 
were not negotiating seriously. 

« MOSCOWr The Kremlin 
has proposed staitmg two-way 
talks with theOS in April on a 
nuclear test ban, a senior 
Soviet official said yesterday 
(AP reports): i ' 

Mr Viktor Kompleklov, the 
Deputy Foreign Minister, said 
the Soviet Union* has in- 
formed Washington of the 
proposal and has named its 
negotiator,-' ‘ ».'! 

Kohl seeks better ties 
with East Germany 

' r FVora Frank;JofaBsan > JBoim 

toibe Federal Republic? v 
. The Soviet Unfa* puhfidy 
opposed tite visit whfchHerr 
Henecker intended to make In 
1984, and he had to abandon 
the idea. ' • 

Although it was niboat the 
state of Germany, yesterday’s 
speech m also about, the 
state , of Heir KbM, whose 
position seems to have been 
weakened by the legal actions 
against him provoked by the 
Green MP, Herr OttoSchlly. 
In an uaasully impassioned 
interview this week; with the 
newspaper BOd^ Hot Kohl 
said: "SdOr wants to defame 
meJIt's an evil ramp a iga 
which is meant to fi n is h me 
politically.” . . 


mg the ChaQceUor's 

speech to Parliament oa “The 
state of the aalioB mdfcrided 
Germany", yesterday ap- 
pealed for improved relations 
with East Germany. 

“Both slates- m Germany 
have a duty to make an active 
contribution to. JEast-West re- 
lations by extending theirco- 

.» * operation,” he said. 

1 y.v # Here Kohl's remarks were 
u. . inevitably scrutinized for any 

dues they might have offered 
towards the solution of file 
rj perennial .mystery of German 

Jl politics: - wffl Herr Erich 

c - Honecker, the East German 
leader ever he allowed by the 
Soviet Union to make his visit 

From Zoriana Pysaiiwsky, New; York 
The United Nations legal de Cuellar, the UN Secretary* 

counsel - has. challenged the 
unilateral decision by the 
Unhed States to impose a 
$ ccilingon the are ofthe Soviet 
‘ delegation to the world organi- 
zation, saying that the dispute 
must be resolved through 
conciliation procedures. 

In ia statement before, the 
UN host country relations 
committee, Mr Carl-August 
• Fleischbauer did not deny the 
legal right of tire US to seek to 
reduce the 270-strong Soviet 
mission, but he. made dear 
that Washington had gone 
about it the wrong way by 
simply taking matters into its 
‘ own hands. Sefior Javier Pfsrez 

General, was. he said, eyen at 
tins stage ready to play a 
mediatory role. The forthright 
remarks by the legal counsd 
surprised: many^ diplomats 
who are used to witnessing the 
UN legal department perform 
amarine balancing acts. 

The effect of tire ruKng was 
immediately felt as Western 
delegations — including 
France, Spain and Canada — 
told the host relations com- 
mrnee that US apprehensions 
over tbe size of the Soviet 
delegation were justified, but 
nevertheless agreed that more 
proper channels to resolve the 
dispute should be used. 

US backs 
censure of 

.. From Alan McGregor 

A resolution initiated by the 
United Stans criticizing the 
Chilean Government for seri- 
ous human rights violations 
was approved without a vote 
yesterday as the 43-nation UN 
Human Rights Commission 
wound up its six-week annual 

s es sion. 

It was the first time the US 
has initiated- such a move 
a&inst Chile, calling for re- 
spect of human rights and 
"respect for the principle of 
government based on the 
consent of the governed.” 

The US delegate, Mr Rich- 
ard Schifter, said they had 
tried quiet diplomacy at first 
“Only after concluding we 
were hot getting an adequate 
response did we go public”. 

The commission approved 
resolutions censuring those 
iresponsiNc for events m coun- 
tries such as Afghanistan, 
South Africa, Iran and Cam- 
bodia mid condemning the 
taking ofbostages. 

It endorsed proposals for 
monitoring states’ compliance 
with the 1981 declaration on 
religious discrimination. 

The commissi on commend- 
ed the special -rapporteur on 
torture, Mr PfcterKooijmans 
of The Netherlands, for his 
report revealing that torture 
was widespread. 

Boat may show how Disciples lived 

a boat, daftrtg 
from about the rime of Christ, at 
the site where it was disc o ve r ed on 
the shores of the Sea of Galilee. 
The vessel is encased in plastic 
sheets to prevent it from dis- 
integrating on its way to a 
settlement near by where If will go 
on permanent display after 
lengthy chemical treatment. The 
boat, the only complete craft from 
the period to be found, was 
discovered as a result of a lack of 
winter rainfall in the area (Ian 
Mifrray writes from Jernalem). 

When It has been cleaned and 
preserved it is expected to give an 
insight into the way Galilee 
fishermen like Christ's Disciples 
worked. Remains of at least two 
other boats have been found in the 
mod near by. 

It is thought that the site at 
Ginnosar, about 10 miles north of 
Tiberias, was once a mooring for 
fishermen. The Sea of Galilee is 
more than six feet below its 
normal level for the time of year, 
and the outline of the boat was 

spotted in black mud that would 
normally be under water. It was 
close to a few old coins which 
came to light along the shoreline. 
A potter)' lamp, with soot still 
round its spout, was found on the 
boat. It is of a design current at the 
start of the first century BC. so the 
boat could well have been in use at 
the time of Christ. The craft will 
be left soaking in water and 
chemicals for several years before 
its timbers are sufficiently pre- 
served and it can be displayed to 
the public. 

French ban kidnap message 

The four French television 
channels decided yesterday to 
show only short, silent ex- 
tracts of the film of the three 
surviving French hostages 
who have been held by Islamic 
Jihad In Beirut for nearly a 
year. They refused to bread- 
cast accompanying messages 
from tbe pro-Iranian Muslim 
extremist group which the 
hostages read. 

The release of the six- 
minute video cassette of the 

The French hostage crisis 
mediator. Dr Raza Raad, in 
Damascus yesterday. 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

hostages two days before tbe 
French elections is interpreted 
here as a further attempt by 
tstamir Jihad to put further 
ressure on the Mitterrand 
Government. It is believed 
widely that the continuing 
crisis will lose tbe Socialists 
votes despite the relative re- 
straint of the opposition.par- 

Cardinal Lustiger. Arch- 
bishop of Paris, celebrated a 
Mass in the capital yesterday 
for all French hostages in 
Beirut The families of M 
Michel Seurat the sociologist 
whom Islamic Jihad claims to 
have “executed”, and M Jean- 
Paul Kauffinann. a French 
journalist seized with M Seu- 
rat in Beirut on May 22, were 

Although France still has no 
definite proof of the death of 
M Seurat it is now widely 
accepted that be is no longer 
alive, indeed, according to a 
report in yesterday’s Le 
Monde, the French secret 
service believes he was killed 
before the admitted French 

blunder over the deportation 
of two pro-Iranian Iraqis to 
Iraq. This was used by Islamic 
Jihad as the pretext for M 
Seurat's execution. 

The “pardon” granted by 
Baghdad to the two Iraqis, 
neither of whom has been 
convicted of anything, and the 
promise of tbeir imminent 
return to France, satisfies one 
of Islamic Jihad's demands 
and apparently removes tbe 
threat of the “execution” of 
another hostage. 

But it complicates further 
another of their demands — 
that France cease to supply 
Iraq with arms in its war 
against Iran. France inevitably 
feels indebted to Iraq for 
granting the pardon. 

Islamic Jihad has also de- 
manded the release of five 
men convicted of murder in 
connection with an assassina- 
tion attempt on the former 
Iranian Prime Minister, 
Shapour Bakhiiar, and the 
return to Iran of lhe$l billion 
(£671 million) loan made to 
France under the Shah. 

EEC denies secret 
butter sale deals 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

...The EEC Commission yes- 
terday- 'denied; that it was 
involved in any ^secret deals" 
with countries such as Libya 
or the Soviet Union over the 
sale of EEC butter at subri- 
dize d p ri ces, 

Bui trade experts said a deal 
with Russia, was “in the 
offing” and thal a confidential 
message bad been sent by tbe 
-Commission toEEC exporters 
interested in sening EEC but- 
ter to Libya at knock-down 
prices. . . 

Apparently .to offset the 
impact of such sales on Euro- 
pean opinion, the Commis- 
sion announced that it was 

extending its scheme for subsi- 
dizing low-priced batter sales 
to old-age pensioners, the 
unemployed and those on 
social security. 

.The Commission said it 
proposed to nearly double tbe 
present subsidy for sales with- 
in the Community from £53 a 
hundred kilogrammes of but- 
ter to £99. That would put 
butter to the needy at about 

The planned sale to Russia 
is said to be of more than 
100,000 tonnes at about 1 5p a 
pound. Die quantity for Libya 
is not known. 

Soyuz course righted 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Soviet cosmonauts Leonid 
Kirirn and Vladimir Solovyov 
spent the first day of their new 
space misaon yesterday doing 
routine checks and correcting 
the course of their Soyuz TL5 

A' progress report issued by 
Tass said the men. who blast- 
ed into orbit on Thursday, 

would make a further correc- 
tion laterto bring them closer 
to the Mir space station. 

Mr Kizdm, aged 44, and Mr 
Solovyov, aged 39, are due to 
dock with Mir today. They 
will be the first cosmonauts to 
visit the station, the core of a 
planned giant orbital laborato- 
ry, since it was launched on 
February 20. 

Clint asks the voters to make his day 

From Ivor Daris 
Los Angeles 

Any candidate for poMcal 
office m the United States 
would normally hedefighted to 
be offered an international 
platform to air his views on. 

Bat in the rested town of 
Carmel, Califoniia, tite man 
ranging for mayor js;B0t svst - 
any .candidate: Ctint 
Eastwood, actor, -prodnear, 
millionaire BBSbff one 
Abox office star, has made it 
; '^perfectly dear that out-of- 
town journalists need not ap- 
ply to interview him. • 

, _ “I have no desk* to tarn TO 

campaign fete a arcus,” said 
the actor, aged 55, 
-'expending as much, time a® 
«ergy -to win the two-year 
mayor’s job — which pays 
Ea» (£135) a month - » J* 
does on a fihn, whk& pays hi® 
ia the region of S6 raHBon. 

. . Mr Eastwood has become 
ft an international star playing 

11 stedy, erisfeatid fceroe* fira 
m spaghetti westerns, hte*y 
0 a scowling and tow on w*- 
. fogoe, and then as 'the n m*p“ 
r ick. San Francisco detective 
“Dirty Hairy” ChBaghan, 

. who often takes the Taw mto 
bh own hands.. - 

■ . ..WWf.'W’ .. 

Clint Eastwood: deadly 
serious candidate. _■ 

In one scene that has be- 
came a ceffuleid classic, 
Eastwood tbe cop rtchfly fin- 
gers the trigger of his Mag- 
num as he confronts an annea 

robber. Kto ahead 
day” he teife the hoodlum. 

Naturally' Mr - E*strood 
would be thrilled if the 4j»0 
residents of the.ommngr. 
some 90 miles bom San 
Francisco made his day on 
April 8. He hasbecomeooe^; 
ttemost risible candidates, 


dooTto his bar and restaurant, 
the Hog's wreath. . 

HesbowsaP at eariy.bceak- 

fosts (0 debate local issnes 
with his three chief opponents: 
tbe mcmabent Mayor, Char- 
lotte Townsend; Mr Paul 
Lank, a businessman; and Mr 
Timothy Grady, a dishwasher 
and singer who is running on 

an environmentalist ticket 

Altbongb he has turned 
down dozens of offers from 

Artwork telerisioB journalists 

and those wjHling to fly to 
Carmel from London. Paris, 
and Rente, it has not stopped 
the worid pr ess from rushing 
to his bar, hoping for even the 
briefest of dialogues with the 
tarituni star. 

They roam down Carmel’s 
mm street mterriewing bnsi- 
nessroen and residents and 
buying up the “Make My 
Dayoumper stickers. 

Mr Eastwood’s only public 
pronouncement for . out-of- 
town media is this: “This race 
is between me and my neigh- 
bours. Move CanneL and want 
my neighbours to be able to 
make their decision on April 8 
outside an atmosphere of u*~ 
; fionaT media.” He has lived 
there for a dozen years. 

He shows dp at coffee 
mornings and pounds the 
streets, knocking at eacb door 
to win support He talks 

earnestly about solving 
Carmel's problems (heavy 
traffic in foe summer, when 
thousands flock to the pretty 
town) and wants to bring back 
old-fashioned logic to cope 
with parking, water shortage 
and a stodgy image. 

Last year he sued the city 
when the councillors rejected 
bis proposal to baSd a two- 
storey office building next to 
his restaurant. 

"Clint’s deadly serions 

about getting the job,” said Mr 

Mac McDonald, editor of the 
weekly Pine Cone newspaper. 
“It's not a whim. It’s certainly 
livened np a usually dull 
campaign. When word spreads 
that Clint is going to show up 
at someone's boose for coffee 
and Danish, the place is 
packed: a sell-out.” 

However the vote turns out 
Mr Laub expects to emerge a 
winner. He runs a shirt store 
which has a sign reading “Buy 
a ‘Paul Laub for Mayor’ T- 
sbfrt and you get a Clint 
- Eastwood shirt for free”. 
Asked why he was pushing his 
arch rival, Mr Laub replied: 
“I’m a pragmatic fellow — 
politics is. politics, and busi- 
ness is business.” 

Zapu man 
in hospital 

From Jan Raath 

Mr Lookout Masuku. the 
former deputy' army com- 
mander drawn from the oppo- 
sition Zapu party, who was 
freed this week after nearly 
four years in detention, is said 
to be seriously ill in hospital. 

He was released on health 
grounds at the same time as 
the former Zapu secretary- 
general. Mr Vote Moyo, was 

Friends of Mr Masuku said 
he had been transferred to 
hospital from prison with 
acute meningitis three weeks 
ago. He was still “very sick”. 

He was arrested early in 
1982 on suspicion of stockpil- 
ing arms with other Zapu 
executives to stage an upris- 

He was acquitted by the 
High Court in 1983 but was 
immediately detained under 
State of Emergency' laws. 

sails to 

Stockholm - The first mate 
on a Russian fisheries inspec- 
tion ship forced the captain at 
gun point to sail foe vessel to 
Sweden yesterday (Christo- 
pher Mosey writes). 

The boat, which was based 
in Tallinn, capita) of Estonia, 
put in to Slite on foe Baltic 
island of Gotland where foe 
42-year-old sailor surrendered 
his gun and asked in broken 
English for political asylum. 

He said he had a daughter 
living in Finland but no 
family in Tallinn. 

Tbe police allowed the cap- 
tain to contact the Soviet 
Embassy in Stockholm. The 
four other members of the 
crew did not want to defect. 

Mind change 

Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — 
Malaysia's Deputy Prime 
Minister, Datuk Musa Hitam, 
has withdrawn his resignation 
as deputy president of the 
dominant Malay-based party 
to prevent a further split in 
party ranks. 

Crash cause 

Delhi (Reuter) — A bomb 
caused the crash of an Air 
India plane off Ireland which 
killed all 329 people on board, 
according to an Indian Gov- 
ernment inquiry report 

Trial climb 

Kathmandu (AP) — An 
eight-man US team has ar- 
rived here to for a trial dimb 
of the 26.899ft Mount Chooyu 
before tackling Mount Everest 
in 1988. 

Farmers freed 

Peshawar (Reuter) — The 
Pakistan authorities have 
agreed to free 130 opium 
poppy growers arrested during 
a crackdown on crops and 
tocompensale families of sev- 
en fanners killed in foe operar 

Wife dies 

Vienna (AP) — Mrs 
Semiramis Alia, the wife of 
foe Albanian leader, Mr 
Ramiz Alia, has died aged 58. 
the official news agency ATA 

Just too much 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Communist leaders of Sol- 
Iletsk. a rural Russian district, 
have been expelled from foe 
ruling party for holding a 
drunken dinner to celebrate 
the end of their local confer- 
ence. Pravda said. 

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or call into any of our Branches and 
ask for a pack. 

] Reove ifW tv fixy in(;.rmofio« poet 
| N4f.i£ 

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I ^rc'ass . 























1 P 






















France gears up for 
one of most vital 
elections since the war 

tended n aid* 

mria bast pjaM far srlng is 

fikdy to be one of the most 
important pent elections 
since the Second World War. 
By tomorrow night France 
will probably Sod itself for the 
first time under the Fifth 
Republic with a right-wing 
majority in parliament con- 
fronting a left-wing president. 

tt cook! constitute a turning 
point in French history. No 
one knows for certain that wfll 
the n happen. Some are pre- 
dicting political c h aos and 
constitutional crisis. Others 
maintain that the progra mm es 
of the Socialists and the 
traditional right are not so 
different, ana that President 
Mitterrand could “cohabit” 
with a right-wing government 
until the end of his seven-year 
mandate in 1988. 

President Mitterrand him- 
self has recently added to the 
climate of confusion and 
uncertainity by suggesting for 
the first time that be might 
decide to resign in the event of 
a right-wing landslide. Until 
now, he has insisted that there 
was no question of not serving 
out his full mandate. 

Nearly 37 million voters are 
being called to the polls in 
France's 96 metropolitan de- 
partments and nine overseas 
departments and territories to 
vote for an enlarged National 
Assembly of 577 deputies. 

For the first time under the 
Fifth Republic, election will 
be by proportional representa- 
tion on the basis of lists of 
candidates fielded by the par- 
ties in each department 

At the same time, elections 

ftnu Dina Gcddes, Paris 

are bang held for 1,840 seats 
in the newly^devetoped 26 
regional councils, which until 
now have been indirectly 
elected. The same system of 
proportional representation 
according to the largest aver- 
age is to be used as in the 
parliamentary elections, again 
using the departments as the 
basic constituencies. 

For t he past few weeks, the 
Government has been carry- 
ing out a massive publicity 
campaign designed to bring 

home to the electorate that 
there will be two separate 
elections, and only one round 
of voting. For the past 30 
yeare, the French have been 
used to voting in two 
successive rounds, separated 
by one week, for all their 

Polling stations open in 
most areas at 8am tomorrow 
and close at 6pm. except in the 
big towns, where an additional 
two hours are allowed. 

The first computer predic- 
tions are expected at 8pm, but 
a clear picture of the way 
voting has gone is not expect- 
ed until near midnight, with 

final results due around 5am 
on Monday for all but 
France’s three west-lying over- 
seas departments, where there 
will be a delay because of the 
time difference, and in three 
overseas territories, where a 
two-round voting system has 
been maintained. 

It is particularly difficult in 
this election to talk in terms of 
winning or losing. Where 
there is no doubt at all that the 
Socialists will lose their 
present overall parliamentary 
majority, it is not so certain 
that the Gaullist RPR and 
centre-right UDF parties will 
obtain the 289 seats needed to 
secure an overall majority in 
the new Parliament, without 
which they say they will not 
form a government; they 
refuse to form an alliance with 
the extreme-right National 

Even if the two parties do 
win an overall majority, 
France’s voters may not know 
who their new Prime Minister 
or government are For another 
three weeks. 

Under the constitution, the 
President has up until the 
opening of the new session of 
Parliament on April 2 in 
which to choose his prime 
minister. Opinion is again 
divided over whether he will 
make an appointment quick- 
ly, or whether he will take his 
time in art attempt to further 
confound his political oppo- 
nents. Much will depend on 
the clarity of tomorrow^ re- 

Leading article, page 13 

put on 
state of 

Quito <AP) - President 
Febres Cordero of Ecuador 
declared a state of emergency 
after the dismissed armed 
forces chief. General Frank 
Vargas, took control of a 
second air force base and 
called on supporters to march 

on the government palace to 

restore “a true social 
democracy”. . ,, 

Reports said the dissident 
general took over the Mariscal 
Sucre base in Quito on Thurs- 
day night, claiming the Gov- 
ernment had broken the 
agreement that bad led to his 
surrender at another base on 
Tuesday. Dowds flocked to 
the base and yelled, “support, 
support”, and “Vargas, the 
people are with yon”. 

General Vargas addressed a 
crowd of about 500 people, 
asking them to protect the 
base against a possible gov- 
ernment attack and prepare 
for a march on the palace. 

“Tomorrow, or if possible 
tonight, we wOJ march against 
the palace.” be said, dressed in 
battle fatigues. “My aim is to 
restore in this country, a true 
social democracy, with liberty, 
with opportunities for 

President Febres Cordero 
ordered a state of emergency 
in the provinces of Pkhincha 
and Manabi after the call for a 

Earlier he had accepted the 
resignation of the Defence 
Minister, Seftor Luis Pineiros, 
and of the army commander, 
apparently meeting the de- 
mands General Vargas made 
last Friday that they be sacked 
for alleged fraudulent manage- 
ment of public funds. 

Japan in. 



■% - 

General Vargas speaking to supponers at the entrance to the Quito air base. 

The President had dis- 
missed General Vargas, aged 
51, for insubordination and he 
and about 200 supporters bar- 
ricaded themselves in at the 
Manta air force base for five 
days to . press his demands. 
Sefior Pineiros offered to step 
down to end the crisis, and 
General Vargas surrendered 
on Tuesday, agreeing to stand 
trial in a military court. 

But radio and television 
reports on Thursday night 
said officers at tire Mariscal 
Sucre base had said that 
General Vargas was inside 
and in charge. The radio said 
General Vargas had taken 
control of the Quito base 
because the Government did 

not respect earlier agreements, 
but it was not known what 
those agreements were. 

In a broadcast attributed to 
the general. Radio Quito 
quoted him as telling soldiers 
at the base; “I wffl now fight 
against tyranny. Those who 
want to stay, come to my 
stde~I will fight until death 
against tyranny.” 

A government spokesman, 
Senor Joffire Torbay, said 
earlier on Thursday the Presi- 
dent.had accepted an offer by 
the army chief, General Litis 
Albnja, to retire or accept 
another post. He was the other 
officer whose sacking General 
Vargas had demanded. 

Seflor Torbay saafthe Pres- 
ident had name d Gen eral 
Jorge Arzsnza as interim De- 
fence Minister and designated 

him chief of the joint -termed 
forces command, the post Gen- 
eral Vargas had held before he 
was sacked. 

Cmlian rale was re-estab- 
lished in Ecuador in J979 after 
seven years of military dicta- 

General Vargas emphasized 
during last week's stand-off 
that he did not in t e nd to 
overthrow the 

Goveramcnt. M My. intenfionis 
not to shake the stability of the 
Government. My demand is 
the firing of those two.” 

Danes get 
a bitter 
Easter egg 

Copenhagen — Labour un- 
rest and mass demonstrations 
are expected in Denmark after 
die presentation yesterday by 
Mr Poul Schluter, the Prime 
Minister, of his minority 
Government's third economic 
austerity package within 12 
months (Christopher Foiled 

Already dubbed the “Easter 
egg" p ackage, the measures 
aim to cut back consumer 
fl gmand by 11,000 million 
kroner (£892 mQtion). 

The measures include in- 
creased taxes on energy con- 
sumption, as well as on wine, 
spirits, ale, tobacco and con- 
fectionery. A 10 per cent levy 
is to be put on luxury goods. 

Nazis claim Palme murder 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 

A hitherto unknown Euro- 
pean Nazi group yesterday 
claimed responsibility for the 
assassination of Olof Palme, 
the Swedish Prime Minister, 
and served warning that the 
former West German Chan- 
cellor, Herr Willy Brandt, a 
speaker at Mr Palme's funeral 
today, would be their next 

The claim came in two 
anonymous letters, one to TT, 
Sweden's domestic news agen- 
cy, the other to the Stockholm 
evening newspaper 


The letters, from a group 
calling itself the European 
Nationalist Union, were 
handwritten in capital letters 
in English. 

They read: “During the 
autumn conference in Berch- 

tesgaden Sepiember/85, with 
the usual 13 leaders from 
European countries, plus 
USA, death penalty was 
passed on Olof Palme and the 
German traitor Willy Brandt 
"ENU succeeded in the execu- 
tion of Olof Palme 28-2-86 - 
next in turn is Willy Brandt” 

Meanwhile, under strict se- 
curity, world leaders, states- 
men and film stars arrived 
here yesterday for the funeral. 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
yesterday visited the spot 
where Mr Palme was shot 
dead to lay a wreath. 

Paul Newman, the actor, a 
dose friend of Mr Prime’s 
from their student days at 
Kenyon College, Ohio, and 
the former actresss Melina 
Mercouri, now Greece’s Min- 

ister of Culture, were also 
flying in for the fimeraL 

Mr logyar Carlsson , the 
new Swedish Prime Minister, 
held talks yesterday with Mr 
Nikolai Ryzhkov, the Soviet 
Prime Minister, after his ar- 
rival for the funeral. Today, be 
will meet the United Slates 
Secretary of State, Mr George 

Mr Ryzhkov said he also 
would hold talks with Mr 
Shultz if the US asked for this. 

Britain will be represented 
at the funeral by Lord 
Whitelaw, Lord President of 
the Council, who is also ex- 
pected to hold talks with Mr 

There will be a massive 
funeral procession through the 
streets of Stockholm today. 

Managua accuses 
envoys of spying 

From John Carlin, Managua 

The Nicaraguan Govern- 
ment has accused four Ameri- 
can diplomats here of 
belonging to the Central Intel- 
ligence Agency, claiming that 
they recruited two Interior 
Ministry officials to work for 
them as spies. 

Nicaragua has not deckled 
yet whether to expel the 
alleged CIA spies, only two of 
whom are currently in Mana- . 
gua, but a senior official at the 
Interior Ministry said they 
would “probably have to leave 
the country” 

Three cheers 
for Britain 

Turns: JOHN MXSONS tt Telford 


Crf* V«t A* tanrftbra, tor Mai 


— &? c Ski*s£"SE3 -ts? 

UmesUKc 1% m AM n* nut mjcm „ it, 
IcHrfaw- m. a ax 

_ to u* 


-*** . ”• MtowrfK pond rwpii<*rc 

U« . . 

Doga Cup 


Joyful Bates 
gives his best 


rturorrrrd Ui-u lwlme of 
pta t ion x> Uinilliir co ine 
broUiorhood oi Sp.i-.n s sue- 
cewful maUdor* 

V.IUI ar.S v WV 

«XFd »vh a xmci oJ danra. It* 
jj.-.nroM Bti'W* K" J B>* 
Spain > preen in pU-tr 
Caul to HT «ord In ib* D»iL> 
C..p a: TelNid 

Bftln i-arjBnrt hrfirrH lYnm 
art jailt vtowisifi 0*r du‘ bu K» 
aj* a* ► ■ “ ' 

ho ItFV •IjIMi'' 

... Hi. .-Mini 


t ■» Lvcl nf 

Bam a an (Mat 8«r San ** 
hr Uwh* caparf* ct latumc ibr **gj « . 
•«U m dttn eaama tc o* 2** r 
appear l«*»cUtae*l *n?n linear. 
vox Acainn Oral b* pfirtuctil 
nntr slum UM dra* 
such «ai lb* pncMXl, 

Union, buO-Mfur 
hi a i»« »rU b- 
nrrv line 


Australia next for 
jubilant Britain 


THE oolp rent era for Britain's Trinnnbant Davis Cup 
lean after (bar F umfr cmc defeat of Spain at Teifonl 

*. was wh en* (a state their amnn 

quarter-finals against 
Australia on July 18-20 
W iaW rfw'i nHua No. I 
rant, mb a cwwp dove to 
1 1 . 001 . to ohwburfy lb* venae 
■ bib mt i li awtr lor BnMM'tl 
l '«ae*r bear much wee cturj 
’Nhi'-n nenu owr Aa- valid 


Bates should get : 
Britain off to 
a winning start {■ 

Br tea C rib a y. Tarfi Cwnpuliw j 

thtamtoaOrDm n* am w im fee U0D 
a> —as— a. dk -Mi ptacte. 

mn dnparfw <rf br lh On nod anti br , 
l«vrf Ms Oh m toier nnuii H n pwlnui fal n 
da>v The rart won Souv-tlHW ptaur. cranaB, on 

uoofttr anal wmtr. tow af die prfcrt wbnv and thnrj 
I l w ia rf Oram a to da nad .«m aa wtorfdan « 

ao dor wxM m niiirfm Oral, oadnMrdTke I 

‘ WK 


, atapttoW. 

TW wr Ah 
ftatoes Sow bm 

OHto O * fm itoe>i 

-a-:- • • ■,:**"_* 

Lloyd and Bates 
put Britain cledfc 

■.jaasrumra : 

JEftanr MTIS apito fBBOd tbr desmnd ^*wA*a- 
mwUlM to aa nnkmn* Pfrffc * ToHord 
mtenlav la amide Bnuoa wdb tfe* perieti taaadaiHn 
fyl hku shook) wow be h uopresin** Dam Cap dm- 

rand nrtcav over Spaa 

DnM( a twMra lw rf i.Sptorf OttrU-OiJp 
Itea h OMKO Mi rntwima ]-*■—— 

■Kb COP kra »k* M«.[ (Til f If F 

Bdes euwf bnisell »ooli, , WAtLAUi 
'itaraneb ibe mnn"ofih».bto">f 


kvfact iudsinq the achievements of comoanics m *€ 
like MaxeB, Westfnghouse,Tatu^ & Klein andfocori,itwould 

seem that everyone performs better in Telford. 

Everyone, that is, except the Spanish Davis Cup Team- 


tfyoufd hke 10 know more about whati happerws 
thirty miles west of Skmingham, contact AASce MorjaxCommcroal Director, 
fetford Devek^sment Corporation, on Tetford £095^)613131. 

Nicaragua's state secunty 
chief. Commander Lenin 
Cema. said on Thursday that 
the two accused Interior Min- 
istry officials had been recruit- 
ed last October, lured by 
initial payments of $25,000 
(£16,600) and the promise of a 
monthly “salary” of $5,500. 

The two men, both of whom 
had middle-ranking positions 
in the Sandinista security 
apparatus* were arre s ted last 

Only now, however, after 
interrogation, have they given 
details of the four US Eml 
officials, one a woman, 
whom they say they main- 
tained clandestine links. 

Commander Cema pro- 
duced photographs of ciga- 
rette lighters with secret 
camera lenses, roited-up mi- 
cro-film hidden inside pens, 
false “vitamin” pills used to 
develop film and a variety of 
other “007” gadgets said- to 
have been provided by the US. 

Two years ago three US 
diplomats in Managua were 
expelled from the country, 
accused of espionage. That 
provoked Washington to ex- 
pel 17 Nicaraguan consuls 
workingin the US. 

This time the Nicaraguan 
Government appears to be 
acting more cautiously, possi- 
bly fearful that an anti-Ameri- 
can action at this point ntighr 
sway a hitherto reluctant 
American Congress to ap- 
prove President Reagan’s pro- 
posal for $100 million in aid 
to the Nicaraguan contras. 

With the congresaonal vote 
due in Washington next. 
Wednesday, President Daniel 

to speak out against 

“We are not a colony of the 
US. -So who has given the 
Congress of the country the 
right to discuss the future of 
Nicaragua?” he asked. 

shot dead 

Bogota (Renter) — One of 
the founders. and the to 
leader of Colombia's April I 
guerrilla group (MJ9]k» Alvaro 
Fayad. has bora killed by 
police, a police .spokesman 
said yesterday. 

General Gmfiertno Gonza- 
kz, of the^ Police Command, 
said Fayad was strolling in a 
fashionable neighbourhood 
west of Bvgod on Thursday 
night when special comman- 
dos, advised of his -presence, 
shot, arid killed him and a 
woman companion. 

Fayad had been in Bogot& 
since last Wednesday attend- 
ingagueriiHa summit, accord- 
ing to reports reaching police. 

Aged in his 40s, he had met 
president Belisario Betancur 
several times to draw up terms 
for a ceasefire. He became 
M^s top leader last year. 

The leftist group had signed 
the truce in 1984, but a few 
months later resumed armed 
strife.Fayad's successor seems 
likely to be Otos Pizairo 

. M 19 was responsible for the 
bloody assault last year on the 
Palace of Justice, where more 
than 100 people were killed as 
troops intervened to dislodge 
the guerrillas. 

Tokyo ' 

lanaaese fens vr id an* 
Horace tm newviawsfwnH M 
in Wales shortly. '■ 

Mr Ktchoba Edwfnfa,tbe 
Secretary of SWe. for Wafev 
lold 7 Jnt Times of the mvesi- 
memsjust after he bad helped 
tioa of old ousters ftamthe 
Welsh Natioual Museum at 
the ^department store. 

The mvestmeart is expected 
to indodr attest one foctprjr 
and the mtamrr 1 ^ dr l rgaiioo 
has been drsemsshte the posn- 
bility of Japanese baHectefa 
{qgiari researeh bdxtg done in 
Wales. - ~ . 

Mr Edwards ted the guest 
ofbonojsr, PriuoeL^grand- 
ft was pMnculte y. appropriated 
i that “at a time wben Japanese 
companies are hd^nng to cre- 
ate a second indastriaT revolu- 
tion in. Wales, based o# high 
zedmo^ w should berate* 
to scad these st^perb wv«3Mri 
art a i gesture Of. opr. 
friendship”. - - - - * -• 

. . But ern es of the ytar-tohg' 
loan of. the pmtttogs. whidi > 
mdude Re&car’s “misieane' 
GirT and Van Gogh’s “Rais 
at' Ames’* *s wefi as-woria by.- 
Turner, Constable and Rtc^; 
ard WffKm, bdkve it involves 
modi more than a gesture pf ; 
frienddup. v . - • *• 

• Hie critics, who indndc 
most of the museum's art 
s&fC, tefieve it may be,petVo& . 
a quid pro quo for atop£. 
Japanese industrial hrrest- 
ment in "Wales and for the- 
fonding of a new. national- . 
museum, ‘ •"‘ .C I 

- A study the needs oftfie - 

museum is being made ; 74a", 
report is e xp ec te d m early* 
summer wt whether the" 
p r esen t Tmfirfing should b£ 
restored or new provisfoa 
made: - • 

- Ariujqrary rnto taecooimr ■. 
stances of the loan of tife.- 
p ainting s is aow muter way » 
wales' and the' musei^V 
keeper of art has been sub- 
pended on full pay. 

The tour, lasting until De- ; 
cember, wftl take the works to 
six provincial ; dues. “TM 
conditions here are better thad, 
we haveat honre," Dr Michael*' 
Evans, assManSlreeper offinev 
an at the museum, said '■ 

Hat iMtniings am disrdayi 
in Sogo> special gaHery.whk 
has cooStmdy controlled ftt- ' 
midity and apfNOpria'te^ sub- % 
duedughtiug in contrast, io the; 
jointings’ home in Cardiff 
where staff must try to protect 
them in less than ideal sur* : 

However two paintings r 
ready dww sensitive spots and . 
the possibility of paint lifting , 
off will be a constant co&ceni - 
of the staff looking after the * 
works-One German-trained r 
Japanese conservationist wflLr 
be monitoring foe works. *▼ 

. Prince Hiro dearly enjoyed - 
the exhdrition: “He's no artist . 
and he’s no art htstorian,”sai<i 
Professor Nobuyulti S en zc^nr 
of Srijo. University, who «- 
plained the paintings to hub v 
“But he's been to many 
places depicted in foe paiifr* _ 
tqgs and he's visited Wales so 
.he eqjoyed it very much,” V 

ETA four 
jailed in 

From Rkhart Wigg 

A French coart’s descrip- 
tion of four members of the 
Basque separatist organiza- 
tion ETA, as “a band of 
common criminals”, was 
hailed by the Spanish Interior 
Minister, Seflor Jose 
BarrioDuevo, yesterday. 

The four had been found 
guilty by a Bayonne court on 
Thursday of possessing and 
storing arms and explosives in 
a disguised arms factory on a 
farm which was raided by 
French police in January Iasi 

They included Juan Lasa 
Michelana OTxikierdi") a for- 
mer bead of the organization's 
military wing. All held reftigee 
status. They were each sen- 
tenced to five years’ imprison- 
ment and were barred from 
living in south-west France for 
seven years after completion 
of the prison terms. 

Despite protests in the 
Basque region. Madrid re- 
gards the court's decision as 
offering sufficient legal 
grounds for taking similar 
steps against any ETA mem- 
bers residing in France, and as 
a significant advance in co- 
operation with the French. 

Ex-FBI man 
sent to prison 

Washington (Reuter) - a 
former FBI employee has been 
sentenced to three to nine 
years* imprisonment in a spy 
case involving the Soviet 

Randy Miles Jeffries, aged 
26, was arrested in December 
on a ebarae that he offered to 
sell classified documents for 
$5,000 (£3.400) to an FBI 
agent posing as a Soviet 
military official. 





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Suicide by 
New York 

From Christopher Thomas 

New York 

A key suspect in New York 
City's deepening corruption 
scandal has killed himself at 
home by plunging a 12 -inch 
kitchen knife into his chest. 

Mr Donald Manes, aged 52, 
who resigned recently as presi- 
dent of the New York borough 
of Queens, was about to be 
charged for his alleged role in a 
racketeering operation centred 
on the city’s Parking Viola- 
tions Bureau, which collects 
parking fines. 

It appeared that be had just 
been talking on the telephone 
to his psychiatrist late on 
Thursday. He was dead on 
arrival at hospital. 

Mr Manes, who also quit 
recently as head of the Demo- 
cratic parly in Queens, tried to 
kill himself two months ago by 
slashing his anus and legs. 

His death came three days 
after an old friend, Mr Geof- 
frey Lindenauer. former depu- 
ty director of the Parking 
Violations Bureau, pleaded 
guilty to reduced charges of 
corruption and in return gave 
information to the authorities. 

Law enforcement officials 
said Mr Lindenauer gave de- 
tails about systematic pay-offs 
to Queens politicians by firms 
hired to collect millions of 
dollars annually in unpaid 
parking fines. 



His nation in crisis, Sri Lanka’s President speaks to The Times 

Jayewardene steeped in gloom 

From Michael Hamlyn, Colombo 

There can be no political 
settlement in Sri Lanka until 
the separatist rebels in the 
north and east give up their 
terrorist campaign, according 
to President Jayewardene. 

Speaking on the day his 
Government announced a 
new initiative to bring the 
militant Tamils to the negoti- 
ating table, the President 
painted a gloomy picture of its 
chances of success. 

“Until the terrorists are 
defeated or surrender, I can't 
have a political solution," he 
told me in the study of his 
house in the leafy Cinnamon 
Gardens area of the capital. 

He explained that the last 
time there was a political 
compromise between the 
Tamils and the Government 
over devolution of power to 
district councils the ensuing 
elections were disrupted by 
terrorists, and a peaceful polit- 
ical development became im- 
possible. “Even if you have a 
political solution you can't 
implement it,” he said. 

Although he is prepared to 
talk to the militants, and he is 
prepared to call his Army back 
to barracks “the moment they 
give up their campaign”, he is 
not prepared to go far to 
compromise on the document 
drawn up between himself and 
Delhi after India began to 
mediate last summer. 

President Jaya*hrdene is 
prepared to discuss the extent 

of the powers to be devolved 
to the new units of govern- 
ment, and significantly he 
admitted that progress has 
been made on the key ques- 
tions of law and order and 
land settlement at talks be- 
tween his National Security 
Minister and a Tamil former 
MP, which may provide a 
basis for farther discussions. 

But he is not ready to 
compromise on the issue of 
linking a northern provincial 

Sanctions call 

Delhi (Reuter) — Eleven 
opposition parties said yester- 
day that the policy of the 
Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, towards Sri Ijuik* 
was a failure. 

They called for India to 
consider economic sanctions 
against Colombo. 

government with an eastern 
province, in the way that the 
Tamils want 

“It's impossible because the 
eastern province doesn't want 
it," he insisted. To go further 
along the line of constitutional 
reform than last summer's 
document would mean a refer- 
endum, which would be 
bound to go against the re- 
form. “We can’t go any fur- 
ther, and the Tamils must 
realize it,” he said. 

The President sees himself 
beleaguered by the enemies of 

democracy in Sri Lanka: “Wc 
are facing a preparation for a 
wider conflict" 

He fears that anti-democrat- 
ic forces, both Tamil and 
Sinhalese, are getting together 
to fight for a Marxist suite. 
“We found a whole houseful 
of weapons a few weeks ago,” 
he said. “And a soon after 
that, not far away, we found in 
another bouse evidence of 
training. There is mounting 
evidence of that 

“It is very serious. I am 
doing my best to preserve the 
democratic system." 

He is continuing to hold by- 
elections, but he is setting his 
face against early parliamenta- 
ry elections. "This is the worst 
time for us to have an 
election,” he said. 

“Mrs Bandaranaike [the op- 
position leader and former 
Prime Minister] is pressing for 
us to have elections now. 
Presumably she thinks the 
time is favourable to her. But 
tire Government must have 
elections at a lime favourable 

But “if we can settle this 
thing, then we should certain- 
ly have elections.” 

The President offered in the 
the interview to withdraw the 
controversial sixth amend- 
ment to the Constitution, 
which deprived the Tamil 
United Liberation Front MPs 
of their seats because they 
would not forswear separat- 

ism. But be indicated that they, 
would not be strictly welcome 
back in Parliament unless they 
were prepared to uphold the 
unitary Constitution. 

He also spoke of the curious 
situation m the northern Jaff- 
na. district, where the Govern-' 
meat still runs-the schools and 
hospitals, but where it can 
take no responsibility for law 
and order. 

. “In Jaffna peninsula, 
though we have tire Army and 
police m the- camps, the 
terrorists control it complete- 
ly. It is our administration, the 
civil servants are paid by us, 
the teachers are paid by us. tire 
university is run by me as 
Minister for Higher Educa- 
tion, but law and order is 
preserved — or the lack of it — 
by the terrorists. What is one 
to do? Are we to say, well* you 
have it? 

“We don't know wbai is 
happening inside, how men, 
women, girls, boys function. 
They just do what they want 
It is a sad, sad state of affairs. 

“How to take Jaffna is a 
problem," be admitted 
thoughtfully. “It means the 
killing of innocent people.” 

In general the President 
seemed to be in a baffled 
mood. “What am I do to,” he 
asked several times. “I some- 
times wish that those corre- 
spondents who are offering me 
advice would come and do ay 
job for a day.” 

president Jayewardene: sees himself beJeaguered by the 
enemies of democracy in his island state. 

_ — w 

Students v jvt'J 
dash with t j ( 
Seoul riot 3 * 

Seoul (Renter)— More than 
1 , 00 ft stadesK . demanding 
Preside* Chaft’i restotion 
battled with ritf polkc at 
Seoul adversities yesterday 
after a week of cawwjmwst 

About JjBftOih* pote* »»*• 
phuodothes men stormed the 
Presbyterian Yaw* VdhmA- 
ts fired teargas u> 

Jspene so me students, 
who retaliated with, shoes. 
Several sta*»fe were tacked 
tad before being 

taken away, witnesses said. At 
Seed Nriooal University, 
a hoot 300 students were in- 
volved in a sbnHar dash . 

A comt yesterday gave sus- 
pended jail sentences to six 
students after they ttfo they 
were sorry they had set Are to 
President Chun's party of- 
fices. Witnesses said the stu- 
dents were gagged by prison 
guards when they shoomL 
anti-government slogans as 
they entered the Court. 

They were among « stu- 
dents trial for occn- 

pving and setting alight a 
Democratic Justice Party of- 
fice last November. They had 
demanded tire Preshteifs res- 
ignathm and an end to US 
seaport for his Government. 

Hundreds of students hare 
been arrested this year for 
anti- g o re i meat protests and 
for supporting a burned oppo- 
sition campaign for election 

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Law Report March 15 1 986 

over bid fails 

Sir John Donaldson, 
Master of the Rolls, Lord Justice 
Dillon and Lord Justice Neill 
[Judgment given March 14] 

Whether a prospective bid m 
a merger situation . had been 
abandoned within the meaning 
of section 72*5) of the Fair 
Trading Act 1973 was a question 
of fact and degree for the 
.Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission to decide. 

It was not in the power of the 
chairman of the commission, 
where the commission had not 
yet entered - on a reference, to 
decide -the issue of abandon- 
ment without referring the ques- 
tion to the coinmission of to a 
gro u p of its tnembers charged 
with the conduct of the ref- 
erence. but since the commis- 
sion, or a group of its members, 
would have readied the same 
conclusion as the chairman had 
done, the court would, in the 
exercise of its tfisaetion. setose 
to grant judicial review -bribe 
chairman's decision - 

The Cburt of Appeafso bod 
when dismissing an appeal by. 
Argyll Group pic from a de- 
cision of Mr Justice Mzo- 
pherson riven on March - 6 . 
1986. refusing them judicial 
review of the derision of the 
chairman of the commission. 
Sir Godfiary Le Quesne. QC 
that a proposal by Guinness pic 
for the acquisition of Distillers 
pic had been abandoned 

Mr Allan Heyman, QG, Mr 
Christopher Bellamy, and Mr 
Nicholas Raines for Arm'll 
Group; Mr John Mummery Tor 
the chairman of the commission 
and the Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry; Mr Peter 
Scott, QC and Mr . Peter Gold- 
smith for Guinness; Mr David 
Oliver for Distillers. 

ROLLS said that the appeal 
arose in the context of a mega- 
merger dispute between the 
Argyll Group of companies and 
Guinness, being rival suitors for 
the hand (and commercial activ- 
ities) of Distillers. ’ ’ ‘ . 

Guinness had made its bid in 
January 1986. On Febmarv 13 
t he se cretary of siate had re- 
ferred their 'proposal to the 

A week later the chairman of 
the commission successfully 
sought the consent of the sec- 
retary of state to the laying aside 
of the reference on the ground 
.that “tfie proposal to make such 
arrangements as were men- 
tioned in the r ef er e n ce had been 

Argyll had sought judicial 
review, and Mr Justice Mae- 
Pherson bad refused ihe applica- 
tion. There were four issues: 

1 Did the chairman correctly 
direct himself. -in law when he 
concluded that the proposal had 
been abandoned within the 
mining of section 75(5) of ihe 
1973 Act? 

2- Did die chairman have power 
to act alone on behalf of the 

3 Had Argyll sufficient interest 
in the application? 

4 Judicial review being dis- 
cretiooary, how should the dis- 
cretion be exercised? . - - 

. Argyll's submission -was that 
at the time of the reference 

Guinness .proposed 10 ***& over 

the whole share capita] or 
Distillers and that had alwavs 
been, and still was, the position. 
Accordingly there was no pos- 
sible basis for contending that at 
any time that proposal had been 
abandoned. ■ 

The secretary of state cmiM 
make a reference ff he knew or 
suspected that a merger qualify, 
mg for investigation had been 
created or that arrangements for 
snch a merger were in progress 
or comemplaiion.-He did not 
need to know die details. 

■ The .commission’s position 
w quite different. Th^m 
Concerned with' an ■ actual bih«_ - 

lion, whether of a^omS 
merger or of one which was in 
progress or contemplation. ' 

-For Argyll it was subm inert 


thm every proposal to make 

of the genusV^ 
“ScScf referCn “ haSlK « 

That was not the trot 
construction. “The matter” 
which W 3 s referred for investiga- 
tion was ibe proposal which 

appeared to the secretary of Slate 

to be in progress. Since ne might 
not know precisely what the 
arrangements were, the- ref- 
erence had <0 be in descriptive 
terms, but it was nevertheless a 
reference of such anangmcnls 
felling within the description as 
were then in feet m progress. 

Where it was said by a 
prospective bidder that pro- 
posed or contempiaied arrange- 
ments had been abandoned, it— 
would always be a question of~ 
feci and degree whether that was 
correct or whether the so-called 
new arrangements were merely 
an amended farm of the old 
arrangements. That was for the 
.commission.' . . . . 

„■ The concept of. 'a merger 
tinder the Act was not related to 
the sagging of corporations, but 
to the merging of enterprises, 
which meant “activities, or pan 
of ibfr activities, of a business" 
(See sections 63(2) and 64(1 )). 

: .-.The .commission had to ask 
whether. the new proposal, 
which- excluded specified 
“whisky activities" from the 
merger, and which, m that form, 
was admittedly neither in 
progress nor in comemplalion a> 
die time of the reference. w«r 
sufficiently different from the 

original proposal for it truly to 
besaid that the original proposal 
. had been abandoned. 

While the commission had to 
be taken as having tacitly ap- 
proved the practice adopted by 
the chairman as being the only 
sensible and practical way of 
dealing with abandonments 
with sufficient promptitude at a 
stage when the commission bad 
not yet in any real sense entered 
on the reference, ii was not 
within its power to do so and the 
chairman could not derive any 
authority independently from 
the Act 

The strength of on applicant's 
interest was one of the factors to 
be weighed in the balance in 
considering, an application forfe 
judicial review. The issue wouldv 
be adjourned for further consid- 
eration as pan of the issue of 

Good public administration 
was concerned with - substance 
rather than-, form. Difficult 
though, the decision upon the 
tact of abandonment might have 
been, there was little doubt that 
the commissi on, ^or a group of 
its members, would have 
reached and would now reach 
thfc same concluskm as bad their 
experienced chairman. • . . - 

Good public . administration 
reqmred a proper consideration 
of the public interest .In that 
rontext the secretary-of state wu 
the guaidian of the public.* 
interest. He had consented w Jfr- 
the reference being laid aside, 
although he need not have done 
so. He could have made a 
further reference of the new 
proposals, but be had not done 
so. . - . 

Good public administration 
required a proper consideration 
or the legitimate interests of 
individual citizens, whether 
ray were; natural or juridical 
persons. But . in : jud g in g the 
relevance of an - interest- regard 
trad to be had to the purpose of 
ra administrative process con- 
cerned. ... 

i-ffisyfl had a strong and 
legitimate interest in putting 
Gtimwss in baulk, but that w*^ 
not the purpose bf the admlST- 
otraove process trader the- Fair 
Trading Act 1973, To shat 
extent their interest was not of 
any great weight. 

L astly, good administration 
ideaovnwss andfinal- 
fry-unleSs there were compelling 
rasons to the contrary. 

account of those and 
°rar factors, n wt» notecase m 
which judicial review should be 
S*?* ap«a stouHb* 

said that h was not 

"S* ad «isfon on 
ra^puestion of. the chairman's . 


Juaice N^drilvcred a 
concurring with the 
. M S* r of the Roils. '. T 
tSSS. 10 ? 5 J Treehiw & Ccr. 


rtcroen Smith &Co. - 








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Bntid|AiK!<3iinese officials 
^’-yesterday rea&fed agreement 
‘^t off :kev trade- and passport 
-jeI issues JWcti will lielp to ease 
|T^"rHoiig'Koa^s transition from 
*o. *a. Bntesh colony u> “special 
administrative region” of 
C$rae;m 199^- 
A cpmimijiTtjae issued at 
■<*«^-th'e era of a fpur-day meeting. 

* ^ r ^iais6tf §roups»as set up a year 
j^ aa^ said thf talks had been 

B positive 


ad of the 
aid they 

i fiiture 
IS .and 
vo sides. 
Kong as 

ms tcrri- 

^r?;tc^ywth idl autonomy, 
x- -Britain rill shortly lodge an 
-applicatwion Hong Kong's 
*’ " p behalf wip' die Gan secreiari- 
..-*4 at in-.Gcfeya. Agreement on 
‘ its contiiied participation in 
;■*- Oaft ws/re^nded as being of 
* -crucial importance by Hoog 
: Kopf$ busin ess community, 
vpr, the Chinese had 


of painslakii 


- i. ^xnorins of painstaking diplo- 
"“"nac that;. Hong Kong’s -par- 
-„tici*itk>n in Gatl beyond 1997 

did not infringe China's future 
sovereignty over the territory. 

British officials . described 
the accord as “extraordinarily 
satisfactory” and said it would 
assist fiiture talks on Hong 
Kong’s many other interna- 
tional commitments. 

• The Chinese, who clearly 
. wanted todemonstrate good- 
. will at the first meeting of the 
liaison group to beheld m 
Hong Kong, agreed to British- 
proposed terms of a “right of 
abode” endorsement in the 
iiew British National (Over- 
seas) passports which will be 
made available to the 3.5 
million ethnic Chinese in 
Hong Kong who are Depen- 
dent. Territory Citizens,- 

Hong Kong eitixens who 
acquire a BNO passport be- 
fore June 30, 1997 will be able 
to continue to use h as a travel 

The endorsement, which 
says that the holder of the 
passport also possesses a Hong 
Kong identity card stating his 
or her right of abode in Hong 
Kong, was designed to ease 
Chinese concern about in- 
fringement of sovereignty. 

The two sides agreed to hold 
the next meeting of the joint 
liaison group in London in 

Inside the Marcos palace of fantasies 

From Keith Daltou 

Tessa Lopez, tears stream- 
ing down her cheeks, bumped 
her bead, scratched her arm 
and stumbled as military po- 
lice yanked her through the 
presidential palace gates sur- 

romided by a surging crowd 

chanting, “tot us fit”. 

■ One by one, frantic Filipi- 
nos scrambled through the 
gate determined to get a. 

deposed PresMent^mlinand 
Mraos. . 

Miss Lopez^ aged 22, 
skipped work to view the 
palace and anxiously .joined 
thequene stretching 200 yards 
from the, doors of what wiH 
become n “museum to foDy 
and extravagance”. 

like everyone else she west 
m curious and came out 
angry.“By God they Med us 
dry- I curse thou,” she said 
after the short tom; of the 
white Spanish-style raiding, 
massively renovated in 1976 to 
suit the oftea bizarre bad taste 
of. Mrs Imelda Marcos who, 
judging by the numerous mys- 
tte4uce paintings of hereelt, 
bettered; she was die God- 
chosen. queen of the nation. 

The visitors, in rubber san- 
dals gnd hand-me-downs, 
gaped at the ornately decorat- 
ed ballrooms, riming hails, 
studies and private clmbers 
- testimony to a fantasy 
lifestyle so out of keeping with 
the grinding poverty of 55 
million Filipinos. 

Bed carpets give way to 
varnished wood floors or im- 

been flocking to see i t e ms such as the bizarre portait of the ex-President (left) and his wife's racks of shoes. 

ported Italian marble. Crystal 
chandeliers hang from intri- 
cately carved ceifings and 
antique furniture mixes with 
modern appliances.Pain tings 
of the Marcoses dominate the 
walls. The most celebrated 
1 shows a goddess-queen Imelda 
Marcos, her head crowned by 
a halo, swirling ont of a misty 
emerald sea — the embodiment 
of “Maganda”, the heavenly 
Eve of Philippines folk-lore. 
The companion piece shows a 
life-sized Ferdinand Marcos, 
naked among bamboo trees as 
the mythical “Malakas” - the 
Philippines Adam. 

The bedroom of the former 
first lady is huge. To one side 
is a Hollywood-styie dressing- 
room with make-up mirrors 

Honolulu (Reuter) — A 
court has temporarily barred 
the Customs Service from 
transferring to Congress or 
any other agency the docu- 
ments former President Mar- 
cos brought to Hawaii The 
order was sought in a lawsuit 
filed by a Marcos aide, and Mr 
Gregorio Araneta, Mr 
Marcos's son-in-law. 

surrounded by light bnlbs.The 
plastic ga tidiness dashes with 
Renaissance furniture. 

The bedroom is dominated 
by a bed three yards wide with 
a crown-like headboard of 
flowing lace and covered with a 
dozen lace pillows. Beside the 

bed cleaners found a box of 
pornographic video tapes and 
dozens of krve letters. The 
ornate bathroom with mir- 
rored walls, a 24-carat gold 
h as i o, a Jacuzzi, scores of 
perfume bottles and six bas- 
kets of imported soap, is the 
palace's most lavish. 

By comparison, the bed- 
room of Mr Marcos is drab, 
dominated by a hospital bed 
alongside a canopied one, 
oxygen tanks and medical 
sup plies-Elsew here a mini 
health clinic is clattered with 
advanced medical equipment. 

The bed of Mr Marcos, who 
suffers from a serious kidney 
disease and undergoes regular 
dialysis, was stripped of blood- 

ied sheets by the volunteers. In 
the bathroom was a portable 
lavatory, its seat wrapped in 
towels, and baby napkins were 
apparently used by the former 
president because he could not 
control his bladder. 

A basement near Mrs 
Marcos's bedroom holds 67 
racks of dresses, including 
more than 1,000 gowns- Al- 
most 3,000 pairs of shoes, flB 
imported, are neatly arranged 
on 15 racks-Workers counted 
more than 500 bras, 200 boxes 
of unopened stockings, anoth- 
er 200 boxes of girdles, 30 
wigs and more riian SO bottles 
of anti-wrinkle crearauA store- 
room is stacked with boxes of 
television sets, stereos, video 
recorders and computers. 

China puts 
its nuclear 
on ice 

Peking (Reuter) — China 
has postponed for at least five 
years its ambitious plans 10 
build large nuclear power 
plants and will use coal and 
water power to try to combat 
critical energy shortages, ac- 
cording loWestem diplomats. 

US officials told reporters 
here yesterday that Chinese 
energy officials had said China 
would build no new nuclear 
plants within the next five 
years except for two already 
contracted for, one of which 
will sell most of its power to 
Hong Kong. 

“These plants involve very 
heavy capital equipment 
costs. China wants to put its 
limited resources in coal- 
powered and hydro-electric 
stations to meet immediate 
power shortages,” an Ameri- 
can official said. 

China had said earlier it 
planned to build up to 10 
nuclear stations by the year 
2000 at a cost of up to $20 
billion (£13.4 billion). Its deri- 
sion will disappoint US and 
European nuclear equipment 

A spokesman for the West 
German Embassy here said 
talks were continuing between 
China and KraAwerk Union 
although China this month 
cancelled a nuclear plant 
which the firm bad expected 
to build. 


hid fails 

Law Report March 15 1986 

" -Ouster case after 

,^.^sex County Council v T 

-£S>t, - 

Lord Justice May and Sir . 
^George Waller. 1 • 
judgment given Frtmiaiy 24] 

M Where an application under 
£ilhe Guardianship of Minors 
*4 ' Acts 1971 and 1973 and an 
^ application for an ouster injunc- 
'lion under ■ the Matrimonial 
f i Homes Act 1983 wen: beard 
i-f together, h was quite proper for 
?<*' the judge to determine the 
4 guardianship application first, 
■s.- before deciding the ouster 

* -application. . • 

vJ.‘ The Court of Appeal so held, 
Y.' dismissing an appeal fry a 
^mother, of a ward of court 
against a decision of Mr Roger. 
Gray, QC, whtx sitting as a 
deputy High Court judge in the 
Family Division, on -'December 
.'■'ll,' 1985, had ordered that the 
, ward shpuld reroaitt-tn theatre i 
. ..-and control of TEssex County 
Council, but five with thelather 

* L ‘ when. : possible, and that the 

mother shopld vacate the matri- 
momal borne... 

v'' Mr John R. Davies for the 
->,* mother; Mr Pieter M-Wright for 
J- the fotber Mr Mark Everall for 
v- the council 


^Ythai the mother had argued that 

...' in considering first the 
W guardianship .'.application, in 
. which the interests of the ward 
were paramount, the judge had 
' ' disabled himself from consid- 
'."'ering the ouster application 

- property because be had ele- 
'vsted the interests of the -ward, 

- which was only one of four 
'* i matters to be considered on an 
“■ * application under the 1983 Act 
e*-'- (see Richards V Richards (£1984] 
>*“ AC . 774)); above , all other 

- considerations. ' 

She had; contended that a 

- judge sbouM reach a provisional 

view on each application in- 
... dependency and then should try 
“• ' h> . give effect lb tbem both 

* ' without allowing one to over- 

ride the other. . - 

.V- If- « juctae'dkl lhat he was 
'» hkeiy to fell between two stools 

f ' - ' and reach no conclusion at all.. 

- There was ho difficulty m 
-- deciding whai was in xhe.bjwi. 
, ' miexests ofibe ward first (which 
• was relevant on both applica- 
j tionsk and thereby deiatnining 
the guardianship applicapon, 
and then taking that decision 
into account as one of the four 
considerations relevant to the 
1983 Act application. 

,.*r That- could be done properly 
. and without giving undue 
-o. weight to- the ward’s interests on 
*»> the second application, and the 
- . *■ judge had done so. • The mother had also chal- 
' r lenged the judge’s exemsc of ha 

discretion. The approach which 

i Justices erred 
over ‘sale’ 
of unfit food, 

Fleming v Edwards 
. Justices wrongly dismissed 
iwo informations preferred by 
i-, foe local authority’s consumer 
iv. protection officer 

4- defendant for selling food to the 
prejudice of the purchaser^ which 

t- was certified as unfit for human 

ir ei»sumpuo n i conuwy tosec- 
tie® 2 of the Food and Dnigs 
i._ Act 1955, by concluding that on 
the fees there had been 
because thefr attention had not 
ft.- been drawn to Section 13b. 

St, 'Section 135(2) provides fW 

■ > -the purposes of this Act - - . vaj 
TC- the supply of food, ojerwise 
-a. than by sale, at, «n or fionrajy 
,r ■ place where food is “ 

.... the bourse of busmen diaitoc 
■ » deemed to be a sate rf 
. .•. and it was qmte c}car 

' the whole answer to tbetasevras 

yi contained in that provision and 
•m S»r 2 in v Old Kentucky 
. lavrams Ltd 
; November -29, 1973, Divisional 

Court). . . n; 

w • The . Queen s Bench Jgj 

- i «?T , aK5LS 

the court adopted in reviewing 
discretionary derisions varied 
according to the type of case. 

- It was not always easy to 
reconcile what had been said 
about that in recent authorities, 
for exampie-the dictum of Lord 
Diplock m Hadmor Productions 
Ud v Hamilton (p983] l AC 
191) and that of Lord Fraser of 
Tufiybefton in-Gv G (Minors: 
Custody Appeal) ([1985] 1 WLR 

- in his Lordship's judgment, it 
was wrong to adopt too . se- 
mantic an approach to the 
authorities and what was meant 
by the “balancing exerrise" and 

' Where a judge, m exercising a 
judicial discretion, had to con- 
duct a balancitig exercise and 
where no witnesses had been 
called, the Court of Appeal 
would never simply substitute 
-Its discretion for that of the 
judge below, since hT any de- 
cision there was ample room for 
deferent valid exercises of dis- 
cretion, but it would interfere 
■where it was satisfied that the 
decision below was wrong or, 
..where no reasons were given, it 
was bound tor infer 1 from the 
derision that he roust have gone 
wrong: see the dicta of Lord 
Justice Browne and Lord Justice 
Bridge in In re F (cl Minor) 
'(Wardship: Appeal) ([1976] Earn 
238) which Lora Fraser had 
approved in G v G. ' 

However, where the judge 
-below had heard evidence; the 
Court of Appeal would be more 
reluctant to interfere, since the 
judge alone had seen the wri- 
nesses and the way they gave 
evidence, and had heard the 
nuances of what they bad said. 

In such a case the court would 
be ■ very slow ■ to adopt an 
argument that the judge had 
misconducted the balancing ex- 
ercise on -the basis of the way in 
which he had dealt with the 
evidence or the weight which he 
had givea . it: see Bellenden 
(formerly Saiierth^aite) v 
SaJierthwaite ([1948] I AH ER 
jproved by Lord 

343, 345). appro 
Fraserin G vC. 

Those approaches were quite 
different from. that in Associated. 
Provincial. Picture Houses Ltd v 
Wednesbury Corporation 
til 948] 1 KJ8 223) which the 
court applied when exercising 
judicial control over admin- 
istrative tribunals. 

. In this difficult case; where, 
oral evidence had been riven, 
there was no baas for interfering 
with the judge's exercise of his 

^ir George Wafler delivered a 

Solicitors: Gepp & Sora,| 
Chelmsford; Batemans; Mr R. 
W. Adcock, Chelmsford. 

Conflict of 
fact in 

written Cases 

Tesco Stores Ltd v Patel 
. Where both parties be fore an 
industrial tribunal presented 
their cases in the form of wntien 
representations, the tribunal 
was placed iii. an impossible 

position in reaching a proper 
decision if there was an acute* 
conflict of fact; thus, no finding 
of couki be made based 
"solely upon such representa- 

It was doubtful whether para- 
graph 7(3) of Schedule! of Ihe 
industrial Tribunals (Rules 
Procedure) Regulations (SI 985 
fibtS) prov^rf for written 
r-oresen rations to be a sob- 
Stiuire for oral.ev!dence Where 
there was a direct conflict of 
fects. ’ 

The Employment Appal Tri- 
bunal (Mr Justice PoppW, 
Mr T.G.P. Rogere and MrW. 
Sirs) SO held on February _6 in 
allowing the company s appeal 
against the decision of a London 
industrial tribunal on February 
19 1985. which ordered lhat the 
emdoyee should be reinstated 
on the basis of the romp^s 


mtiMv to bej«solvcd- v 

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remined w the justices wlh a 
direction to convict- 

Pam and Rome from Lr ApriL 


The Swire Group 





























. 5 . 















The farce 

Hilary Finch and Irving Wardle review Weill in London 

of class 6 sasaa. A rare and welcome revival 

Auf Wiedenehea , Pet (Cen- 
trail plays variations on the 
theme of .“them” and “ns”, its 
general conspiratorial note in- 
timating that the television 
audience is to be indnded in 
the latter fraternity. 

And so there is a lot of 
strident populist humour with 
this happy band of blotters 

declaring their working-class 
status at practically every 
opportunity — Another Coun- 
try, the title of last night's 
episode, referred not to the 
Costa del Crime, where Ally 
(Bill Paterson) was playing 
golf, but to an affluent village 
where no one spoke with a 
Newcastle accent. 

Bat although the episode 
engineered a series of confron- 
tations between “ns” and the 
local establishment all of 
them were defused by farce ot 
by a well-meant if slightly 
inconclusive good humour. 

Farce itself is a nostalgic 
form and the point of course, 
is that this romantic concep- 
tion of the “working class” is 
itself also somewhat nostalgic. 
It really only exists in situa- 
tion comedy, where the televi- 
sual equivalent of Low's cart- 
horse can plod its appointed 

Still, there are certain com- 
pensations. The writers, Dick 
Clement and Ian la Frenais, 
skilfully evoke that combina- 
tion of edginess and enthusi- 
asm which pervades the series 
— and, although they may have 
overestimated the lovabQity of 
these apparently good-hearted 
“lads”, they are still a relief 
after the amiability of most 
performers in situation come* 


Like any good company, 
they perform well in muson 
without ever abandoning their 
distinctive and sometimes re- 
lentless mannerisms: particu- 
larly good are Jimmy Nail as 
Oz. whose only connection 
with the yellow brick road 
would be the bricks, and 
Timothy Spall as Bury. Any- 
one who has anything to do 
with casual builders mil also 
note certain moments of aa- 
ttentic horror. 

Peter Ackroyd 

•The German tenor Sieg- 
fried Jerusalem will sing the 
title role in tonight's perfor- 
mance of Wagner's Parsifal at 
the English National Opera. 
Warren Ellsworth, who was 
due to appear, has been forced 
to retire through illness. The 
production is by Joachim 
Here and is conducted by Sir 
Reginald GoodalL 

Herr Jerusalem will be 
heard in another Wagner op- 
era, Der fliegende Hollander. 
as Erik, which opens at 
Covent Garden on Monday. 

Kurt Weill's one-act operas 
The Protagonist and The Tsar 
has his Photograph Taken are 
Hue tales of the unexpected. 1 
shall not disclose the final 
twist in either; for there is a 
further performance tonight, 
by Abbey Opera, who cele- 
brate their 21st birthday, kick 
off the Camden Festival's 
opera presentations in fine 
style with this double British 

This is Weffl without 
Brecht, though their first col- 
laboration. the Mahagonny 
Singspiel, was commissioned 
on the strength of The Protag- 
onist. Another surprise is that 
this, Weill's first opera, writ 
ten with the Expressionist 
playwright Georg Kaiser, is 
such strong stuff What is 
more, in its production and 
English translation by John 
Eaton, it is without doubt one 
of the most valuable things 
Abbey Opera has done. 

The play's the thing. Or is 
it? Billed as a “psycho- 
thriller”, the opera follows the 
growing confusion between 
the real and the enacted in the 
life of an actor, whose poten- 
tially incestuous relationship 
with his sister is his only 
touchstone of reality. The 
drama’s complexity of psy- 
chological understanding is 
matched in Weill's tense, 
densely compressed score, 
mordant with ironic parody, 
asirigent with its quirkily 
knotted wind counterpoint. 

Lez Brotherstone's grey 
clutter of crates and cameras 
creates a shadow-land of con- 
fusion and deception for 
Eaton's forceful direction of 
Nigel Robson's Protagonist, 
Elizabeth Byrne's Sister and 
John Morgan's Young Man. 
Monochrome flushes to col- 
our only for the superbly 
paced dumb-shows: it is per- 
haps also to suggest recessions 
of reality that the orchestra 
plays from behind the back- 
drop. though, given the score's 
detailed line-drawings, such 
physical distancing is less than 

The chic Parisian interior is 
all that is black and white 
about The Tsar. For cameras, 
disguises and turned tables are 
also the order of this biting 
black comedy in which neither 
emotional nor moral issues 
are all they seem. With equally 
lively performances from 
Elaine Padmore ( Angele), Hel- 
en Kucharek (the false Angele) 
and Philip O'Reilly (the Tsar), 
and with more vividly astute 
playing from the Abbey Or- 
chestra under Antony Shelley, 
every second is made to count 



The Scottish Chamber Orchestra offers an exciting 
opportunity for an experienced Conceit Manager. The 
successful candidate will assist the General Manager in the 
planning of a busy schedule of performances and recordings 
and will manage their smooth execution. The Concert 
Manager will be prepared to work long hours and will have a 
wide, expert musical knowledge. He/she will be part of a 
small management team committed to the development of 
this Internationally renowned Chamber Orchestra. 

Salary negotiable. Applications supported by C.V. and two 
referees to Helen Campbell, Company Secretary, Scottish 
Chamber Orchestra. 12/18 Howden Street, Edinburgh EH9 
9HL by 10 April 1986. 

am burg 1933. You are an actor about to go onstage to play 
one of the great dramatic roles. Mephistopheles in laustl 
You receive a telegram, offering you incredible-wealth, 
prestige and power. Signed Adolf Hitler. , 

Would you accept? 


The novel was banned, die film caused a sensation. 

A gripping story of a theatre company whose 
private and public lives are torn apart 
as the Nazi party grows in power. 

Mephtao by Ariane Mnoudikiiw, 
in a qcv translation by TimbcrUkc Wcrtenbakcr, 
based on the novel by Klua Mann. 

Cast includes Sean Baker, Susan Cotverd, Mark Digram, 

Tom Mannion. Give Memson, Pauline Moran, Joseph 0 Co w, 

Alan Rickman, Give Rmsdl. Fiona Shaw. 

Fhul Spence. Susan Tracy, Paul Webster 
Directed bv Adrian Noble 


The Threepenny 


If titles were everything, this is 
by far Brecht's most famous 
work. Weill's score is beloved 
by people who know nothing 
of Mother Courage or Galileo. 
Yet despite Brecht's firm place 
in the British repertory, reviv- 
als of The Threepenny Opera 
are extremely rare. 

From those I have seen (not 
(east the version the Berliner 
Ensemble brought over in the 
1960s, directed by Brecht’s 
original collaborator, Erich 
Engel). I am driven to the 
conclusion that the book com- 
pares very poorly with Weill’s 
music. Basic plot points are 
unaccountably missing. The 
Peachuras' horror at their 
Polly's marriage is barely es- 
tablished. The idea of 
Peach um and Macheath rep- 
resenting an underworld 
counterpart to legal capitalism 
is pushed off course by the 
sexual events. Polly, elected 
leader of the gang when 
Macheath first goes into bid- 
ing. fails to go on to her 
expected criminal career. 

Always in hope that previ- 
ous productions have failed to 
detect some obvious key that 
would convert these apparent 
flaws into marks of genius, I 
approached Peter Wood's pro- 
duction in a state of humble 
receptivity, only, once again, 
to find myself spending most 
of the evening waiting for the 
next number. 

As befits a Wood produc- 
tion, a formidable array of 
specialized talent has been 
brought into play. The transla- 
tion. by Robert David Mac- 
Donald fully spans the idioms 
from the language of public 
indignation to that of the 
whorehouse (not, to my relief 
set in Wapping, as stated in 
previous texts), and captures 
the whiplash lyricism of the 
first love duet and the 
“Barbarasong”, not to men- 
tion a fair quota of joke 
rhymes like “opera” and 

Music is directed by Domi- 
nic Muldowney who has gone 
back to WeiU's original scor- 
ing (with wonderful use of 
saxophones and muted trom- 
bone): and, more important, 
to the original running order. 

Festival Hall 

The spirit of iraprovization 
which held sway in the Ba- 
roque era, when performers, 
were positively required to 
enhance a composer's 
thoughts with a few of their 
own, is still with us. There was 
plenty of proof of that to be 
found in Andrei Gavrilov's 
errant, titanic and sometimes 
pugilistic reading of 
Rachmaninov’s Second Piano 
Concerto with the Royal 
Phi harmonic Orchestra. 

Works that are played as 
much as this one is often fere 
better in audacious perfor- 
mances: it is a comfort to feel 

Tim Carry: bold, muscular and with ample baritone 

so that it is Polly (preparing to 
take over the gang) who gets to 
sing “Pirate Jenny”, and - to 
balance Peach urn's opening 
“MorgenchoraT - the show 
comes down on a mass cho- 
rale that brings Bach to the 
barricades; this, together with 
the grindingly defiant march 
"What Keeps a Man Alive” 
form the most thrilling pas- 
sages of the show 

Doubts, however, arise at 
the first sight of Timothy 
O'Brien's set: a group of City 
of London church towers and 
spires suspended over widely 
scattered mobile props. This 
may satisfy the demands of 
Brechtian “space staging”, but 
it conveys at once a sense of 
grandeur and an absence of 
focus remote from the charac- 
ter-of the piece. As is apt to 
happens at this address, a 
cheeky subversive work has 
taken on the external camou- 
flage of an official master- 
piece. and something has died 
inside it. 

The production opens with 
a burst of invention. The 
Ballad Singer (Bany James) 
performs the Morital in front 
of a Wanted poster of the hero; 
at the end of which Madtie 
slits his way through a gaping 
hide in his own picture. There 
follows a superb funeral pro- 
cession, with a group of 

that one does not always know 
what is coming next, that the 
music really is being played by 
living, thinking human beings. 
Even so, the pace at which 
Gavrilov began the concerto 
was alarming rather than in- 
vigorating. an opinion with 
which the orchestra and their 
conductor, Walter Weller, 
seemed to concur. 

Subsequently, the pace in 
the first movements would 
perceptively slow down and 
then suddenly lurch forward 
and Gavrilov's dynamics were 
often not those marked in the 
score. Indeed at one point, in 
the second Cadenza passage in 
the slow movement where 
there are three solo chords 
that are supposed to be pro- 

impeccably attired coffin- 
bearers shummying across the 
stage favouring us with broad 
grins, until - at the point of 
exit - Macheath knifes his 
next victim, in readiness for 
another such parade. It is 
significant, though, that nei- 
ther of these episodes springs 
from the text; and once we 
arrive in Peachura’s 
dstabtishmem, nothing the 
heavily padded Stephen 
Moore or Sara Kestelman (a 
viper with Liza Doolittle vow- 
els) can do succeeds in ani- 
mating the ponderous ironies 
or turning the point-scoring 
exchanges into tiring dialogue 
The same goes for the scene 
of Macheath’s wedding par- 
ty, busily though the gang do 
get down to work sawing the 
legs off a stolen harpsichord to 
supply the happy pair with a 
nuptual couch. Michael Bry- 
ant at least redeems the role of 
Crookfingered Jake as highly 
actable. Tim Curry’s 
Macheath cleaves to the 
image of a mafiosi footpad. He 
certainly has a shark’s teeth, 
showing them off under a 
black pencil moustache and 
patent-leather hair; and 
presents a bold, muscular 
figure entirely in keeping with 
an ample baritone voice. In 
comparison with, say, his 
Pirate King, it is a stolid 

performance, forceful and 
dangerous (especially in his 
ramrod “Cannon Song” duet 
with Tiger Brown), but slow to 
adapt to the lyrical and comic 
changes of tone, and entirely 
lacking in the essential ele- 
ment of playfulness. 

When the production 
pushes him into it - as in a 
splendid rooftop- chase when 
the police interrupt his Thurs- 
day night with the girls - he 
puts on a fine turn of s pe e d; 
otherwise he is apt to take 
possession of a fixed area of 
space and hang on to ft. 

Sally Dexter’s Polly, a bold 
raw-boned girl who hoicks up 
her wedding dress to reveal a 
pair of legs in piratical breech- 
es. makes one regret all the 
more her lack of a criminal 
career; though she momen- 
tarily comes into her own with 
Joanna Foster's poisonoudy 
amiable Lucy, whom she 
holds up at gun-point while 
pouring herself tea. No other 
characters succeed in detach- 
ing themselves from the lead- 
en text, least of all the 
gushingly feline Tiger Brown 
of Ntali Bu^y (an actor I 
usually admire.) There re- 
mains the music: and no one 
will feel short-changed by that. 


gressivdy louder, they were 
exactly the reverse: 

But such impulsiveness 
could be excused, if only by 
Gavrilov's admiral determi- 
nation to make this an epic 
and a fresh experience, and 
you could not fhult his poetic 
touch in the slow movement, 
for all its oddititics. One might 
even have overlooked the 
thoroughly, unreasonable 
problems he presented to the 
orchestra, problems which 
they tackled gamely though 
understandably not always 
neatly, were it hot for an 
uneasy and very probably 
unfair feeling that underneath 
it alt this might just have been 
sensation for the sake of it 

Stephen Petti tt 


** wcre Rodrigo Festival 
riven^s Purcell Group 

The voice is Joaquin 
Rodrigo’s first instrument. It 
sings through his instrumental 
apd orchestral music and 
nowhere is Iris mind more 
concentrated, his ear more 
finely tuned than when they 
meet voice and words on their 
own terms, in song. 

Patricia Rozario was just 
the singer to prove it, in an 
eloquent selection from the 60 
or more songs written by 
Rodrigo throughout his life- 
time. Many of his settings, in 
particular those of the Renais- 
sance and Golden Age poets, 
find her voice at exactly the 

1 in mind to propose ft 
radio series to keep me in my 
retirement and old age each . 
week, year after year, a.string 
of celebrities will chat a ra t 
and name eight different 
records- Sounds femffiar? 
Ah, but Devil's Island 
Discs and the choke of records 
will be limited to those my 
guests find so completely un- 
endurable as to drive all but 
the utterly ham-fisted into 
frantic boat-building. Indeed 
those unable, to lash up even 
the simplest rail will opt to 
swim for it through shark- 
infested watery. . 

• Mv own selection would 
consist very largely of excerpts 
from some of the less appeal- 
ing radio comedy shows of 
recent years and among them, 
if it maintains its opening 
form, would lx Take. Me to 
Your Reader (Radio 4, Satur- 
days. repeating Mondays; pro- 
ducer. Edward Taylor). 
Andrew Palmer’s new serial is 
set in a publisher's, ranby a 
Welsh managing director 
(Glyn Houston) who does not 
know a book from abrick. The 
action is plainly going to 
centre round the efforts of A 
young and .ineffectual editor 
(Tim Brooke-Taylor) to sefl 
hi< hn« the odd cuftunf item. 
Wen. there is an idea there, 
but the trouble with Mr 
Palmer’s script is that apart 
from the setting it is very like a 
hundred others we have 
heard: same sort of situations, 
same sort of jokes with no 
special thread of individuality 
to identify them. Such scripts 
attract a certain style of pro- 
duction - resolutely bright; a 
certain style of acting- slightly 
loud; and a certain sound of 
studio audience - hyenas. This 
one has all three. 

Radio's scientific and medi- 
cal coverage ranges wide 
enough, but as its two princi- 
pal vehicles, Science Now and 
Medicine How. are mapmnrs, 
it is -always at the mer c y of 
what is topical and can be 
dealt with in not more than 
eight minutes; It is not often 
that anyone devotes a single 
programme to a scientific 
subject and of those few h 
hardly ever happens that the 
subject is psychology. Broad- 
casting seems curiously reluc- 
tzat to peer into the human 
mind. . ' 

Anyway, it was good at last 
to have a whole 45 minutes 
not just on psychology but on 

point in its range where her A 
personality is mosr rivid^ 
concentrated. The middle to 
low mezzo range is devdopmg 
a most distinctive smokey, 
glowing makability, ideally 
suited to the barely accompa- 
nied questioning of foe Christ- 
child in Lope de Vega's 
“Pastorate Santo”. ' 

Her voice, in turn, found 
Rodrigo at his most subtley 
allusive in five of his settings 
of Antonio Machado's terse 
poems. Rodrigo himself has 
spoken of foe “shadows of 
their emotions”, and his rela- 
tionship with the words is not 
unlike that of Schumann with 
Eichendorfl: stylistic assur- 
ance is gained through a 
deeply assimilated response to 
the lyric quality of the verse. 

the work of one psychologist 
In 'File on Freed TRadio 4. 
Sundav. repealed Friday: pro- 
ducer. Julian Brota) Peter 
Evans took a look at the 
current standing of Freudian 
theories and therapies. Cer- 
tainly the edifice he showed us 
was nothing like as imposing 
as it must once hgve appeared. 
There was little to suggest that 
the theories, illuminating as 
they have been, can now be 
as provding anything 
tike a complete framework for 
lire understanding of the hu- 
man mind. As o therapy, few 
of the analyse contributing to 
this programme were more 
sat^uine than the one who 
remarked that inybody con- 
sidering analyse must first 
decide whether the expend!- 
mre of much tine and a heap 
of money was werxh a possible 
improvement in5 per rent of 
her life. 

ft is difficult o let a Ray 
Gosling series go ry without a 
cheer, even if life Ray Gos- 
ling Gets a Taste of., (Radio 
producer, Jenny Jo), it has 
been .bidden away a Options. 
that cloister of fitrifer educa- 
tion which occupies 'he VHF 
wavelength for a clunk of 
Saturday afternoon, lut Mr 
GosSite cannot be taorcd, 
even if be should appear on a 
c ommu nity . station 4 St 
Kilda's. He infuses anthing 
be does with a highly inivid- 
uai flavour, he is punent. 
thought provoking, ffrny. 
Who else: being an absUne 
monoglot, could have rede 
these programmes eacha^ut 
a language widely spokenin 
this country? ... . ; 

ft seemed to me in prospb 
almost impossible to tarn la 
frenctic farcc in which duplH- 
iy. confusion, disguise a$ 
hysteria combine" into cod 
prehensibte radio, but Jam4 
Rnncre's translation and prq 
dnetioo of Dario Fo's Arenas 
gels Don't Phsy Pinball (Radii 
3; Wednesdayjcame within axj 
inch or two of bringing it off . \ 

A young man finds the 
pubfic records have him 1 
classed as a retriever dog and ; 
he cannot get them corrected. 
The production (another cred- • 
it to BBC Radio Scotland) ( 
kept the listener more or less 
in touch with where he was - ' 
wherever that may have been - 
while maintaining the true 
farcical sense of a world about 
to come apart 

David Wade 

and ttmCfesponse itself tran- 
scribatiaxactly in music. 

Roxana's husband, Mark 
Trapp, accompanied her. His 
piaho playing, like Rodrigo's 
writing, benefits from close- 
focus treatment When left 
along, in, for instance, foe 
Quatro piezas para piano, his 
reactions were a little over- 
relaxed: sharper dynamic defi- 
nition and contrast were 
needed to liberate the rfayib- .„ 
mic elan of “Danza V 
vatenriana”. The evening's 
best piece, best played, was 
“Barquitos de Cadiz”, from 
the Quatro estampas 
an dalu z a s: no mere Hispanic 
Debussy this, but a brilliantly 
organic work. 


Hilary Finch 

Maestro with a missionary zeal 

BOX OFFICE 0! 628 8795/638 8891 

“I explain how the ship comes in. I open 
up ifce_whote. stage. I explain about the 
weight of it alL And then the great 
crescendo in foe orchestra, and the tuba, 
and then goes the anchor down! Then 
the wind-machine, the piccoli, the 
ghostly crew - ba-ba-ba-bam!” 

Covent Garden's Der fliegender Hol- 
lander might not be quite like that on 
Monday. But the voracious enthusiasm 
with which the conductor Gerd 
Albrecht recalls in action replay his first 
television film of the opera (for young 
people) has surely led him to his Covem 
Garden debut. In two years time that 
same enthusiasm makes him General 
Director at the Hamburg State Opera. 

“I remember meeting Rubenstein 
after a Berlioz Requiem in Zurich and 
we spoke en francais (he speaks of 
course. German, but you know the 
stories about his past). 1 asked him how 
at the age of 90 he seemed like 16 years 
old. and he replied *Cest settlement 

Over 25 television films, books and 
records for children have been just one 
preoccupation in a career conventional- 
ly enough structured (working up from 
Stuttgart’s Kapellmeister to Chief Con- 
ductor of the Deutsche Open Berlin, 
and freelancing with the major opera 
houses and orchestras of Europe), but 
far from conventional in the sheer range 
of its activity and repertoire. 

His biography reads like a 
Gesamtkunsiwerk in its own right But 
the quality which drew Covent Garden 
to Albrecht and Albrecht to them was 
his total involvement with the staging of 
any opera he is conducting. He is known 
to work with only a select handful of 
directors: they include Kupfer (foe 
Cologne Janacek cycle). Ponnelle. and 
Andrei Tarkovsky, now. alas, too ill to 
direct the Royal Opera’s Dutchman. 

But the enthusiasm of a man whom 
August Everding once called “a scenic 
conductor” is unabated. “I love the 
Hollander . because you have to fight. 
Mozart sounds automatically: Haydn 
you have to fight for. In Lohengrin, 
Parsifal. Tristan you don't have to fight 
for the orchestral sound: here you have 
to fight for every notef* 

Albrecht has opted for the one-act no- 
interval version. “Wagner composed it 
as a ballade. It forced his stage team to 
make near impossible changes so he in 

Gerd Albrecht (below), 
music director elect of 
the Hamburg State 
Opera, makes his 
Covent Garden debut 
on Monday. He 
promises Germany a 
lively time. Here he 
talks to Hilary Finch 
about his single-minded 
ambitition, and 
commitment to working 
for your audiences 

turn was forced to make a break. And he 
did a stupid thing, starting the second 
act with the music with which he'd 
finished the first I can’t bear to repeat 
those boring bars: my admiration for 
Wagner’s genius is too great 1 ” 

Wagner is by no means the only 
composer to be so fiercely championed 
by the pugnacious AlbrcchL In ' the 

1960s and 70s he was fighting for 
serious television coverage, of. Berg, 
Schoenberg and Webern: “now it is 
Zemlinsky. Busoni, Reger, and the 
young Hindemith who need us." 

He is busy championing Hindemith 
especially.” I’m fighting with the Salz- 
burg Festival for early Hindemith. They 
say: who knows it what is the point? But 
if you listen to the Sanctus Hosanna, the 
opera Hoffhung der Frauen, it sounds 
like Strauss. Mahler, Wagner. My heart 
feels very near these neglected compos- 
ers And they are not only modern. Ail 
people know Schumann,, but ask a- 
musician about his Manfred. The 
“whole” Manfred?' 

Among Albrecht’s many opera pre- 
mieres was Aribert Reimann's Lear, in 
his view the most successful contempo- 
rary opera after Lulu and Wozzeck.Thi& 
year's Munich Festival brings 
Reimann's new work Troaden {The 
Trojan Women), its libretto written by 
Reimann and Albrecht together after 
Werfel's powerful Expression istic trans- 
lation of Euripides. If Albrecht had had 
his way. Covent Garden would have 
beard foe English language premiere of 
Pfitzner’s Palestrina, but it was not to 

Hamburg in 1988 may well not know 
what has hit it. But Germany now sees 
the combination of Albrecht's mission- 
ary zeal, single-minded ambition, and 
commitment to working for young 
audiences, together with the fine, legally 
trained mind of the . 38 year old 
composer Peter Ruzicka. director of the 
Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, has 
the makings of a team to pull Hamburg 
tack from its well publicised crises. 

In what is a revolutionary restructur- 
ing of Hamburg's company hierarchy, 
Albrecht will be Generalmusikdircktor 
to Ruzicka' s Iniendam. They will work 
as equal artistic directors. Ruzicka will 
be there 12 monthsayear, Albrecht “for 
a full seven months every year”. 

Tve cancelled all other commit- 
ments, in my first Hamburg year. At 50, 
while my brain is still sharp. I have to do 
it- to make an example. Hamburg will 
not be like so many other opera houses 
(I do not say which). It will work 
another way. I felt the strength and 
sincere willing of the house to do better 
work. The muscles are still there, but if 
you don't train them every day, .they .. 
will be gone." „ 

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r H- 


it more hard-headed you are, the more you’ll like ’em) 

I-’ — .1 

LSERPS is unfair 

„ • : ■ 

. , 

and poor value 

• _ 



for money 

tmm m 

Once, the State Earnings Related 

Pension Scheme (better known as ‘SERPS') 

5.^bur workforce 
will enjoy 
substantial benefits. 
And so will you. 

was a gleam in Barbara Castle's eye (remember her?) . 

It was set up with the admirable objective of pro viding a decent 
pension for every employee who wasn’t properly looked after by a 
private company scheme. 

In today’s cold light of day however SERPS looks distincdy like 
bad news for everyone. 

For riot only are the pensions it promises to its'members. 
actually very poor value for money. 

. . But the eventual cost of providing those pensions on a ‘pay as 
you go’ basis (die way Governments pay for everything) could end 

2.The Govermhent 

to make it worse 

• Well? What would you do? 

To its credit, the Government has 
decided to face the reality of SERPS, rather than bequeathing its un- 
resolved problem^ to its kiccessoiis in the 2 1st Century. 

It is now intrcxiucing legislation to reduce the burden ofSERPS 
on future generations. 

Which, of course, means further reducing the value of future 
pensions many existing members can. expect from SERPS. 

The management of any responsible company will take pride 
in ensuring that its workforce is going to enjoy foil financial security 
in retirement. But there are also more direct business reasons for 
starting your own company pension scheme. 

Employees who are financially secure are likely to prove both 
more productive and more loyal. And you’ll also find that a good 
pension scheme can be an important factor in persuading more 
good people to come and work for you. 

6. Everyday 
you waste means 
more money 

Even before the present Government began its review' of 
pensions legislation, many companies had already elected to 
contract out of SERPS in order to provide better pension benefits for 
their employees at little cost to themselves. 

Now the Government has madeclear its intention torunSERPS 
down, it makes even more sense to contract out. 

Throwing good money after bad isn't a good idea, and since 
all contracted out schemes started now will automatically qualify for 
the extra 2% incentive when it l^ecomes available, there is every 
reason to act immediately. 


3. But it is prepared 


TT/^TI 14* rWTTi 

to give a subsidy of 

6 l h% of your wage 
bill if you setup 

r* eplipfnp 

7 Crown can 

you without 
delay or problems. 

Many companies don’t realise that if they contract-out ofSERPS 
they qualify for a substantial saving on their National Insurance s 

It amounts to a subsidy worth approximately 6/M of payroll 
costs. Asubsidy so substantial in fea, that it will cover most of the cost 
of running an excellent private pension scheme for the company 

'<• r. , v „ 

4. It intends to offer 


And the Governments generosity— 
doesn’t end there. 

So keen are they to encourage firms to take over the role of 
providingemployees withpensions, that the new Social Security Bill -^7 
providesfor the subsidyoncontraaed out schemes to be boosted by' 1 
a further 2% of payroll costs as from early 1988. 

Crown Financial Management is a leading financial services 
group that already looks after the interests of more than one million 
people in the UK, and which provides company pension schemes 
for many thousands of British companies. 

Our “Fair Deals For Retirement'’ Plan has been designed 
specifically to meet the Government’s criteria for contracting out of 
the State Scheme and thus qualifying in foil for the Government s 
generous subsidies. 

Our organisation takes care of everything, from producing • 
descriptive literature in your company's name and explaining the 
benefits to your employees at specially arranged meetings, right 
through to paying their pensions when they retire. 

Well-deserved pensions that they would not have been able to 
look forward to, had you riothad the foresight - and the hard-headed 
' commercial sense- to redirect a large part ofyour National I nsurance 
Contributions into yo,ur company's own pension scheme. 

- Stop dirowing good money after bad. Send us thecoupon.Now. 

"hi: Departrnefii KDR.Cn ra n Finjivkil Manaycmenr. FriV|* *si. \\ t ikinji. Surrey G! 2 1 1BR. ( Xosump required!. 
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« f %. b jn? 

- l ' v 'y5.^T 

i CROWN ; 






M\ jJ\ iv.-rv.ire. 




Simon Ramp* 

u r. 

AS- foe-CTitidsm of tat Botham 
-shriller/ observers of 
- * failures have- been 
ring about :the curious in- 
ofwhafBotham did m the 
Like Sherlock Holmes's 
Botham has done nothing 
sight; that is the curious 
For almost the entire 
„ in Port of Spain he has 
sdf-cxilcd to bis room, 
O carftO B afty. surfacing to swim or 
to play tennis or cricket, the 
former with rather more success. 
Thc-fect is that he is totally fed up, 
cspcciaBywjfo the press, and has 
sot' one but two. lawsuits in 
ss against newspapers. 

- the success of Graham 
It's litigation, libel cases are 
seen as almost an inevitable a part 
Of the. cricketer's earning process 
; - jp- the ghosted autobiography). 
' Nut a.smgte aspect of this trip is 
. anVikm -.far him, and Botham is a 
fellow hot-on fun. Will he ever 
again? I have my doubts. I 
; fejppprebe. might go to -Australia 
' tins winter, ana 'maybe even the 
^orlftQip in 1 987. But a foil tour 
ofjndra, or Pakistan? No. 

Hitting home 

The desperately low morale of the 
England squad can be discerned 
- from the. over-reaction to a piece 
in the Trinidad Express. In a 
damn paragraphs, the paper told 
of the criticism that Botham has 
been receiving back in England. 
Three writers were quoted. Mail 
columnist Ian Wooldridge, Pat 

- Gibson of the Express, and me. 
Out of context, but that’s showbiz. 
The remit was intense anger at a 
team meeting, and then a vitu- 
perative “dear the air" session 
between press and tour manage- 
ment. There were hard words on 
both sides. It seems to be the 
criticism, not the defeat, that the 

. mana g em ent has taken to heart 

Hoots, man 

The rood outside the Queens Park 
Oval has been pretty noisy for the 
past fortnight as motorists re- 

- sponded to demonstrators’ plac- 
ards: "Hoot if you hate apart- 

' bad.** One who did so was a 
solicitor named Akrysius Morin 
who found himself m court this 
week charged with Mowing his 
horn unnecessarily. He was fined 
' tiie equivalent of £12 but says he 
. fob no intention of paymg. 

Hit parade 

. The trouble between police and 
: demonstrators seems to have been 

- sorted off by the crash barriers 
designed . to keep the dem- 

: bmtratOTf in check. They used the 
resonant metal bars as percussion 
instruments, relentlessly and un- 
mercifully. as they chanted slo- 
gans and sang protest songs. The 
police eventually waded in with 
' batons when they could stand the 
din no longer. Next day the 
demonstrators were bade. So were 
. the police. But the barriers were 


"Perhaps we should! 


> The Caribbean is, of course. James 

- Bond country. How appropriate, 
then/ to have Henry Btofekl here 

, the -radio commentary and 
Botham between overs. 
n^^iynJan in the Bond books 
_ of course, Ernst Siravo Btofeld. 

Teeming Chose itetname after 
• ttonfomd H*rw®b the members 
bbhkatBoodles ted stumbling 

- deUgbtedly on Henry HofekTs 
. fother.' Kbfdd fthe broadcastqv 
r '' not the villain) is renowned for his 

ornithokjsical obessession. Here 

ge$ another Fleming connection. 
The standard guide to the birds of 
' AeWestludieswasa great help to 
OOTY creator. He wondered what 
to cairius hero, and ran his eye 
aJemr bis bookshelves until be 
camel to his : book on West Indian 
bhrii. : The author was James 
Som ite took is still in print 

Low tidings 

Xa England slowly arid soggfly 
i collapsed like a souffle the Tnni- 
* ' fcrtwwi responded with 

»*«“»■ V—.WW — - 

isons unknown) who new, 
hourofu! hoots on a conch 
te was absent on the fourth 
lUn the hails were ham- 
imo the England coffin, 
uwd made up for this by 
^London Bridge is Falling 
F alling Down, Falling 
\ ; |r seemed * to be the 
-• fbr the tour. It was 
-the. right note on which. 

Stop these Anglican vandals 

The Church of England rightly enjoys 
some special privileges. One of these, 
however, is an anomaly which should be 
stopped: as the law currently stands it is 
possible for an Anglican church which is 
no longer required for ecclesiastical 
purposes to be demolished without the 
permission normally required- for a 
listed building. 

Take what was once Holy Trinity 
Church in Rugby. Bowing to local and 
national opposition to the proposed 
demolition - of a Grade One listed 
building, the Church Commissioners 
agreed to a public inquiry. The inspector 
said in his report that the church should 
not be demolished until all possibilities 
fbr re-use had been more extensively 
-explored; the minister involved said 
bluntly that it should not be pulled 

The Church Commissioners never- 
theless ignored this advice and the 
church came down in June 1983. Other 
examples of listed churches being 
demolished include St Edward Holbeck 
in Leeds, St James Pentonville and the 
Church of the Saviours, Bolton. 

Anglican churches account for only 
about 4 percent of all listed buildings in 

by Roger Freeman 

this country, but 47 percent of all Grade 
One buildings are churches, I estimate 
that some 70 listed, churches have been 
knocked down since 1969. After a 
decision to demolish has been taken, 
local authorities and amenity societies 
are notified, but only as a courtesy. 
Admittedly there is provision for public 
inquiries, but only two have ever been 

- There are a multitude of possibilities 
for the re-use of redundant churches. 
The medieval churches at Orton and 
Little Oakley in my own constituency 
have been converted as training centres 
for stonemasons and another, at New- 
ton, is an educational field centre. 
Perhaps the best-known example of a 
church being put to another use is the 
beautiful baroque St John's in Smith 
Square, London, which is now a well 
patronized concert halL 
Re-use schemes serve to preserve 
beautifid buildings while making them 
useful to the community. More 
churches would be treated thus if 
normal Listed Building Consent was 
required. The secular system is not 
perfect, but it is at least a way in which 
the strengths of the various arguments 

can be tested in the open. On the other 
hand, the "pastoral measure** — the 
current method for determining these 
questions — relies on. the deliberations 
of dosed committees which simply do 
not command public confidence, . no 
matter how expert and wise the mem- 
bers may be. 

The Redundant Churches and Other 
Religious Buildings Act of 1969 set up a 
fund to alleviate these problems. If 
fewer churches were to be demolished, 
extra funds would have to be found, but 
the money need not be provided by the 
taxpayer. The fund has hardly exploited 
its ability to raise money by public 
subscription and donations: greater 
efforts in this direction should be the 
source of fresh resources. 

The Department of the Environment 
is very aware of the anomalies 
surrounding this matter and issued a 
consultation paper, on ecclesiastical 
exemption. The dosing date for replies 
was 18 months ago; nothing has been 
heard since then. 

The author, , Conservative MP for Kettering, 
introduced a private member's bill on this 
subject in the House of Commons this week. 

Oil glut and MacGregor memoirs: Iain Carson on a twin threat 

There is now little doubt that the 
government will run into further 
trouble over coal later this year. 
The more politically braising epi- 
sode is bound to be at the end of 
August, when Ian MacGregor 
retires as chairman of the National 
Coal-Board. He is now sulking in 
his tent,' bitter ai the lack of credit 
be has received from Mrs 
Thatcher fbr presiding over the 
defeat of the National Union .of 
Mineworkers in the strike which 
ended a year ago. 

MacGregor is busy on a book 
timed for publication as he leaves 
the Coal Board. His dose asso- 
ciates say that be will be explidt 
about the sharp differences which 
arose between himself and the 
Prime Minister by June 1984, only 
two months after the strike began. 

With the NUM dearly split and 
the Nottingham miners continu- 
ing to work, MacGregor was 
convinced that as a business 
manager he had already achieved 
his otgective: weakening the 
NUM to a point ax which its 
members, once returned to work 
aficra patched-ttp formula, would 
be reluctant ever to follow Scargill 
into another strike. That, 
MacGregor Teh, meant that the 
coal industry managers would 
acquire a power to manage that 
they had never had since national- 
ization. Privately, he bad long 
been critical of the "Ministry of 
Supply" mentality of previous 
NCB managers who weighed out- 
put rather than measured the 
economic return. 1 

With this view, MacGregor 
started talks with the NUM 
leaders, racing up and down the 
county to outpace the pack of 
journalists in their wake. The Gal . 
Board was happy to concede quite 
a lot in any deal on paper, 
convinced that the small print and 
the underlying shift which had 
taken place would nevertheless 
transfer to managers the power to 
dose pits and raise productivity. 

But not even MacGregor’s clos- 
est associates credit him with 
much political awareness. He 
foiled to recognize Mrs Thatcher’s 
belief that she was involved in a 
holy war against militant trade 
unionism. At that point, she began 
to complain privately that the 
imported Scots-American to 
whom she bad turned in despera- 
tion, but with confidence, a year 
earlier to sort out the coal industry 
could so longer be trusted to hold 
the line. MacGregor was not to be 
allowed to -"fudge". 

This, however, was the man 
who had cracked a bitter strike in 
the Wyoming coalfields in Amer- 
ica years earlier. If he thought he 
had the upper hand over Scargill 
after only two months, prolonging 
the ugliest strike Britain has seen 
this century becomes the 
responsibility of a prime minister 
determined to crus* the NUM. 
Many dose to the dispute know 
this; for MacGregor to say so 
publicly will be embarrassing for 
the Tories at the very least. There 
is little doubt that after 
MacGregor'S raking over the 
ashes, Mrs Thatcher will be 
blamed by her opponents for the 

Coal: the new 
trouble in store 
for Thatcher 

year of economic and social agony 
caused by the strike. 

The underlying econo m ic po- 
sition of the coal industry which 
MacGregor leaves in the hands of 
his more outwardly emoUieat 
successor. Sir Robert Hasten, is 
no less troublesome fbr the gov- 
ernment. The foci is that despite 
prodigious improvements in 
productivity — up by more than 
40 per cent on pre-strike levels 
after the closure of 24 hopelessly 
uneconomic pits — Britain’s 
mines cannot mate any real 
profits in the next decade, with its 
prospect of low and stable oil 

When MacGregor took the 
chair, the main competition was 
cheap foreign coal — still 10 per 
cent cheaper than British even 
when expensively transported to 
inland power stations from our 
few efficient coal ports. Today the 
real competition is oil at anything 
under S 18 a barrel. At that price it 
becomes economic for the electric- 
ity generation industry to turn to 
its largely unused, but modern and 
thermally efficient, oil-burning 
power stations. 

The electricity industry has 
already used this threat to win its 

first price cut from the Coal Board 
since 1973 — or since, to me the 
exp re ssion of Lord Robyns, one of 

Z^£^qn»/ > b^«^roSent to 
Eve in tents". Moreover, there is 
no prospect of any growth in the 
British market for cool beyond 
100 million tons, and there ts no 
chance of re-establishing export 
markets. The Americans, for in- 
stance, can boast productivity of 
IS tons per man shift; that is five 
times the record levels now being 
readied in British mines and three 
times better than MacGregor's 
ambitious target of five tons for 
achievement within two years by 
our best pits. 

In some respects the Goal 
Board’s experience is beginning' to 
resemble that of BL. Tough new 
management has a showdown 
with the unions, achieves impress- 
ive improvements in productivity 
and government starts to talk of 
profits on the horizon. But, just 
like BL’s volume car business. 
Austin Rover, the Coal Board is 
being blown off course — the aim 
is an operating profit in 1987-88 — 

by harsh new winds of inter- 
national competition. The oil glut 
is to coal what Japanese cars are to 

Austin Rover. In July the NCB is 
likely to announce an operating 
loss for the past year nearer 
£300 million than the £145 mil- 
lion foreseen by the government 
in its public spending white paper. 

Since there are obviously no 
Americans queueing up to buy the 
Coal Board, the government is left 
with awkward choices: an admin- 
istration that abhors any idea of 
industrial strategy will be forced 
into an interventionist energy 
policy. The number of working 
pits a likely to be reduced from 
124 to about 1 00 simply to get into 
operating profit Some of the 
closures might even have to be in 
foe Nottinghamshire area which 
worked on through the strike. 

Even then the government will 
have to coerce the Central 
Electricity Ge neratin g Board to 
use more British coal than it 
wants. A gov e r nm ent now ev- 
idently running scared of expan- 
sion of nuclear power will have to 
choose between continuing sub- 
sidies to an uneconomic coal 
industry or a further, more auk- 
ward round of pit closures. 

The only way round the di- 
lemma, short of upheavals m the 
Middle East which substantially 
raised the price of oil, would be if 
MacGregor’s current target of 
doubling pre-strike levels of 
productivity were to succeed in all 
coalfields, even those in Scotland 
and Wales with difficult seams. 
Should that happen before Mrs 
Thatcher quits the political scene, 
perhaps even she would have the 
grace to award her one-time 
favourite American citizen an 
honorary KBE. 

Bringing the child molester to book 

We have been told that the DPP 
will not prosecute a man for 
allegedly raping an eight-year-old 
girl because of difficulties over the 
evidence. This decision neatly 
illustrates how a number of near- 
sacred legal rules combine to make 
it surprisingly easy for child 
molesters to go free. 

The first is the "rule against 
hearsay". This normally prevents - 
a parent, doctor, or policeman 
telling the court what the child 
said to him about the incident He 
may repeat this only when the 
child gives evidence-- which 
often be or she does not because 
the law at present makes this a 
fearful ordeal. A child witness, like 
an adult must tdl an embarrass- 
ing lale in a big courtroom in front 
of judge, jury, court officials, 
barristers and the alleged attacker, 
and then submit to a possibly 
hostile cross-examination before 
the same audience. 

This makes it quite imprac- 
ticable to call very young children 
as witnesses. Even older children 
are often tongue-tied with fright 
Consequently the court is often 
deprived of the child's account of 
what took place, and without it 
there is often not much of a 
prosecution case. 

Proposals for child witnesses to 
be allowed to give evidence infor- 
mally were made by the BMA and 

the Magistrates Association more 
than 35 years ago. It is -amazing 
that this obvious step has never 
been taken. It would surdy also be 
sensible if the police interview 
with the child was taped and the 
tape recording made legally 
admissible as evidence in the case. 

If the child does give evidence 
the next problem as the law stands 
is the "requirements of corr-. 
oboration”. A child witness too 
young to understand the nature of 
an oath must give evidence un- 
sworn, and it is the legal rule that 
no one can to convicted on a 
child's unsworn evidence unless 
there is corroboration. The idea 
behind this is entirely sensible, but 
the law on corroboration has 
become a tangle of technicality. 
Thus H is not technically 
corroboration that the child com- 
plained to his/her parent immedi- 
ately after the incident and named 
the defendant as the attacker. 

Nor is it corroboration that 
medical evidence establishes that 
the child was assaulted exactly as 
be or she describes. Nor is it 
corroboration that another 
child — or even another six chil- 
dren — saw the incident unless 
they are thought mature and 
knowledgeable enough to take an 
oath and give sworn evidence. 
(Exasperated with this rale, a 
judge once adjourned a trial fora 

dose of'instant religious instruc- 

Consequently, unless the foren- 
sic scientist finds evidence on the 
accused which implicates him in 
the offence, or an adult saw him 
committing it, or he is fool enough 
to confess to the police, the case is 
likely to collapse even if the child 
gives credible evidence. There is 
surely a strong case for simplifying 
the law of corroboration. 

The third problem (as we 
recently saw from the case of 
Leoni Daraley) is that the jury 
must not be told of the defendant’s 
record of child abuse, however 
unsavoury. There are a few excep- 
tions, notably where the previous 
offences were “strikingly similar" 
in matters of unusual detail to 
what is now alleged. But if he 
merely has a string of convictions 
for indecency with children this 
foot must be suppressed. 

This is part of the general rule 
that the defendant’s bad character 
must not be given in evidence 
against him. In this type of case, 
however, ft is particularly fav- 
ourable to defendants. Only a 
person who has the lust for sex 
with children is likely to abuse a 
child sexually; this lust is unusual, 
and the feet that the defendant has 
it mates it much more likely that 
he did commit the offence. If the 
jury are not told this they may well 

assume in his favour that his sex 
drive is norrbaL and deduce from 
this that he, like any normal 
person, is unlikely to have 
committed such an offence. 

On the face of it, it looks absurd 
to keep such an important piece of 
information from the jury. With- 
out it, certain aspects of these 
cases — such as an overtly public- 
spirited offer to do voluntary work 
wfth children, for example -in- 
evitably appear in a false light 
We keep the defendant's record 
of child abuse from the jury 
because if it is too favourable to 
keep it out, it would be too 
unfairly prejudicial to let it ul In 
prison a child molester has to be 
segregated because the other pris- 
oners would beat-him up, and ft is 
feared that jurors may share this 
attitude. They may convict him 
for this offence not because they 
think he did it but because they, 
think he deserves extra for his last* 
Thus where cases are tried by 
juries it is probably essential that 
the defendant’s criminal record be 
excluded. Kit if so, it is permis- 
sible to. ask the theoretical ques- 
tion whether a different kind of 
tribunal is needed to try allega- 
tions of child abuse. 

John Spencer 

The author is tutor in law at 
Seiwyn College. Cambridge. 

Woodrow Wyatt 


After the ousting of Presidents 
Duvalier and Marcos foe Watt ■ 
Street Journal wrote on March 4 
that "the next dictator who ought 
to be deposed is, Nicaragua’s 
strong man, Daniel Ortega”'. The 
Journal says he tramples on 
human rights; holds bogus elec- 
tions. suppresses newspapers, 
keeps power with the aid of 
foreign arms "and pufis np to a 
Manhattan optician in a 17-car 
motorcade to spend $3^00 on 
sunglasses for tnmseK wife and 
daughter". ■ 

But foe Wall Street Journal 
knows it is on a losing cause. 
Right-wing dictators opposed to 
communism are far more in 
danger from foe prevailing soft 
Western mood than those sympa- 
thetic to or dials otcommumsm. 
If that is the situation in America, 
it is worse elsewhere. 

Imagine a replay of June 1950 
when the North Korean com- 
munists, soon to be supported by 
Chinese troops, attacked South 
Korea. Even if foe Russians were 
again absent from the Security 
Council at the crucial moment, the 
United Nations would not now 
empower the US and its allies to 
resist a communist take-over be- 
cause the South Korean govern- 
ment is not a model of democracy. 

The modern conception is that 
communism dedicated to the 
overthrow of Western democratic 
values is preferable to raters who 
support us. 

The Washington Post's Water- 
gate success destroyed the resolu- 
tion of the Nixon administration 
over Vietnam. To the applause of 
liberals the world over, a shoddy 
peace was made and the wretched 
people of Laos, Kampuchea , and 
Vietnam will now be oppressed 
beyond their direst fears by the 
communists for the indefinite 

When the Angolan communists 
with the aid of foe Cubans and 
Russians established their dic- 
tatorship in 1976. Washington was 
too scared of liberal opinion to 
react. Today President Botha’s 
offer of independence for Namibia 
if the Cubans leave Angola is 
regarded as unreasonable provoc- 
ation to the communists to whom 
we like to succumb. 

ChurdrilTs was foe last strong 
voice to protest against Stalin’s 
flouting of his agreement wfth the 
Allies to allow governments in 
Eastern Europe to be established 
by free elections and not by Soviet 
guns. We are indifferent in our 
cosiness to the permanent 
enslavement of some ISO million 
fellow Europeans. 

We excuse ourselves with foe 
thought that these unfortunate 
peopjeare making some sort oflife 

kind that wc fought 
war to achieve. Our 
are essay pvt to reft 
exercising them would ■ 

Kremlin. Yet foe /most! 
minded liberal cannot 
foal free elections in 
Europe , would nor 
the cotmumbr 
require foe Kreutifo IP remove its 
troops. ■■■ * , .. . 

Communism « s practical 
governing creed has nto ceded 
nowhere. Everywhere; meudins 
Russia, its victims have a fowet 
standard of living than they rookl 
have had under s time fore sur- 
prise system. Yet jeommu ism’s 
grip on the i m ag i n a tion < f foe 
west is growing j rather than 
weakening. Our mil to friend 
imperfect good agfmst ol rious 
evil is in decline. r 

Tbe people ofTatean now have 
a standard of firing* high sour 
own. They shame tie mis cable 
communist-induced poven r on 
the mainland 90 xnDa. awa; Bui 
might is right, so avitf 
United States canccfifrkrts; 
tary defence 
wan in deference to the 
Peking, which it then 
Very encouraging for 
keep the ant' 




I by 


UE . __ 

do, the success of 
Aquino. But win the 
when she is forced to 
military methods die 
guerrillas’ unrenounced 
seize power in the 
the gun? No. We shall soon 
that the communists are the 
fighters for democracy. 

The people of Paestum. 
well-preserved temples are 
than those of the Acropolis, 
to believe in their 
they were safe from foe 
ians, and neglected their < 

In a few hours they were O' 
and thereafter permitted to 
Greek only on one day a 
Might not we be 

Now we are it ft again in South | 
Africa. The media, led by foe BBC 
tdl us that we should back the 
revolutionary Marxist African Na- 
tional Con gr es s, propped up by 
Russian arms, agunst President 
Botha's g o ver nm ent, which is 
trying to persuade the ANC u> stop 
shooting and talk about genuine 
power-sharing with , repre- 
sentatives of the rest of foe 
population, of which the ANC 
rqjrescnts not more than a fifth. 1 
suppose we shall be happy only 
when South Africa's wealth is 
firmly under Soviet control. * 

Who is next, I wonder, for the 
dfinegdd operation? ... . 

II! I Ml ' I ■ ■III I.— — ii— 

Bryan Appleyard 

Snips detached 
from reality 

She was a handsome woman 
obliged to spend her Saturday 
sitting amid the modish hues of 
mud brown and coping wfth the 
poor fools who kept coming 
through the doors vaguely intend- 
ingeifoer to buy or sell a house. 

She looked fraught but there 
was no time for the personal 
touch. This could have been the 
hundredth estate agent I had 
visited in south-east England. 
With experienced ease I put 
myself on her mailing list, having 
established that she had nothing to 
offer fbr the moment- Then, for 
some reason, she broke out of her 
role of icy efficiency, cast off tire 
carapace of habit and fixed me 
with a pleading eye. "Do you 
know," she asked, “how many 
estate agents there are in Maid- 
stone? Thirty-one!" 

The population of Maidstone is 
about 132,000, so there is one 
estate agent to every 4.261 people. 
Beyond the feet that they are 
useless, expensive and wear ir- 
ritating clothes, I have nothing 
against estate agents as such. They 
bave their pari to play in the great 
scheme of things and that, as we 
all know, is not accessible to tire 
understanding of mere humans. 
But, if that scheme requires one of 
those silly offices with fifing 
cabinets and sloping perspex dis- 
play panels for every 4.261 citi- 
zens, then creation is long overdue 
fora rethink. 

The problem is that ft is 
ludicrously easy to mate money as 
an estate agent: between 144 and 
214 per cent on every house you 
sell and. for that, you do nothing 
Well, okay, you visit foe property 
and type out foe details which do 
not "constitute a contract” and 
therefore may be wildly inaccu- 
rate. (In feet really efficient agents 
could cut out the visits, to the 
properties entirely). Then you take 
the name, address and require- 
ments of any innocent who enters 
your office. Beyond that, no fur- 
ther effort is absolutely necessaty. 

Sales will be achieved by co- 
incidence, an act erf God or an 
administrative sfip-qx For the 
real hot-shots in the business, 
however, sitting around staring at 
the hessian is not enough. Tney 
like to intimidate with; “Well we 
do have another interested 
or "Are you pr ep a red to 
within 20 minutes?" or. best of; 
“This one needs a bit of work”. 

Competition it seems, neither 
limits their numbers or- inhibits . 
their earning capacity. So we must 
accept that foe economics, of foe 
business are unique, isolated from 
normal market disciplines. My 
theory is that the more estate 
agents in any given area, foe 
higher the price of booses. This 
would be. if established, a remarfc- 

able phenomen o n because it 
would mean that, in defiance of 
the usual mode of a free-ista 
market, greater competition does 
not necessarily tighten margins 
and thereby reduce prices. Instead 
the benefit from a rise in prices 
caused by a proliferation of slop- 
ing perspex displays would offset 
any downturn ca used by increased 

The impficatiois are too terri- 
fying to contemplate. Suffice to 
say there would be no reason why 
all commercial premises in the 
country should not. in^ time, 
become estate agencies. Today 
Maidstone, t om orrow ... 

Some may argue there b noth- 
ing wr ong with that prospect. By f r 
that time the property-owning 
class would have become un- 
believably rich thanks to the 
operations of the Special Theory 
of Estate Agency. They could not 
spend their money, however, since 
ft would all be locked up in 
property and, in any case, I 

and flats would be the only 

for sale on the High Street 
course, foe language would have 
undergone substantial modifica- 
tion. Or, I should s^, the language 
would have been the suttees of 
recent re w i r in g and tasteful mod- 
ernization and refurbbhmem 
which had p re se rved the period 
charm of the p ro pert y. Everybody A) 
would, have a job — iti estate 
agency - although no one would 
have real work. 'i 

The theory has not yet been ■ 
sufficiently developed to deter- 
mine whether, in fob final con- 
dition,’ gnnwphu would he 

. Thtxhvpofoesis — to be known 
as The Maidstone Imperative — 
suggests we may be helpless, 
trapped by house prices and 
wear over-sharp suits or silly 
Giorgio Armani leather jackets 
and our own pursed tips may w 
have to form the words: "We f v< 
nothing m foe vffiage in rfeffprio * 
rawe, sir. Bmeqwiay w« shook 
tefore we dew, kern pc 
important tenon from the es» 
agen t s . • 

They know that 

certain in fob world, _ . 

may know b but a shifting chani 
a broken bundle of mirrors or, 
foe poignant words at the foot 
one set of details: "MeasuremcJ 
are : approximate and no respc 
ibifity ts taken for any erj 
omission or mis-statement it \ 
these particulars, which do a 
constit ute an offer or contract « 
representation or warranty 
ever is made or given either dr 
negotiations,' in particulars*** I 
elsewhere". Amen, re- • . 





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■iPennington Street, London El 9XN Teleohone: 01-481 4100 

Tomorrows general elec- ■ 
ttortjp France ^as not aroused 
; gr^at exqtemem in the worid, 
or ; evm m France JtseK de- ' 
■ spjte toe &a is certain - 

to produce a change of govern- • 
. meat. But - this very lack of 
d™a is in itself &. novelty 
reflecting some remarkable 
, changes m France’s political 
culture. p . 

Each previous general elec- ■ 
.tion since 1965, whether 

• presidential or parliamentary, 
has offered the French people a 
choice between right and left 

• ‘This has been presented as not . 
merely a choice of administra- 
tions but a choice between 
types of society — essentially a 
choice between the continu- 
ation of liberal capitalism and 
a derisive break, marking the 
start of a transition to social- 
ism,' defined in broadly Marx- 
ist lefms. 

. : M Mitterrand and his party 
made every effort to convince 
the- electorate that choosing - 
socialism did not have the 
sinister totalitarian . implica- 
tions attributed to it by their 
opponents — a task whose 
inherent difficulty was greatly 
increased by the fact that to 
.have any hope of winning a 
majority for their programme 
the Socialists were obliged to. 
ally themselves with the Com- 
i nranisis. But, while repeatedly. 

• and without doubt sincerely 
- pledging themselves to pre- 
serve political freedom, they 
never retreated from then- 
commitment to bring about a 
fundamental., change in the \ 
organization of France’s econ- 
omy and the very nature of her 

.When M Mitterrand was 
elected President five years 
ago, and then asked for . and 
obtained a handsome Socialist 
majority in a parliamentary 
election, many Socialists not 
unnaturally assumed that they 
wpre assured of popular sup- 
port for the kind of change 
they had proposed. They be- . 
haved, and they spoke, like the 
leaders of -a revolution. They 
demanded; at a party congress - 
hdd in the flush of yictpiy, 

... mat ^heads fi&r;; 

phrase, unfortunate' m the 
context of Frendrhistory, was 
not of course meant literally, 
but it had an unpleasantly, 

vindictive ring to iL> . .. 

The socialists rushed 
through the promised 
nationalisation of six large 
industrial groups. They also — 


and - it was perhaps their most 
serious error' — sought to 
stimulate an expansion of the 
economy through government 
spending at a moment when 
the entire industrialized- world 
was experiencing a recession 
after the second oil shock. As 
their .own wiser economists 
' warned them, -it . could not 
work. Within two years they 
were obliged to resort to.three 
devaluations of the franc and a 
more severe deflationary pol- 
icy than their conservative 
predecessors' in order' to re- 
store fixe balance of France’s 
foreign trade. ' 

They executed this U-turn 
■with surprising fortitude and 
skilL But it was not the kind of 
hchievement that, makes a 
government popular, at any 
rate in the &ort.term. This 
winter, helped by the foil in 
world oil prices, the new 
policies have begun to show 
some almost spectacular re- 
sults. The retail price index 
actually, fell in February, for 
the first time in 20 years. 

Unemployment, though still 
much higher . than when the 
Socialists came into office, has 
been foiling gently since the 
autumn. A growth rate of 3 per 
cent or more is projected for 
this year. But all this comes 
too late to save the Socialists 
from defeat Ironically it may 
smooth the path of an incom- 
ing right-wing government 

No one in France believes 
that- the fundamental chang e 
of society promised (or threat- 
ened). in .1981 has actually 
happened. And no one in the 
Socialist Party any longer 
presents such a change as 
possible or even desirable. As 
for the Communists, their 
appeal has declined sharply. 
Five years ago their score of 15 
per cent in the presidential 
election was greeted as an 
unprecedented disaster, but 
tomorrow night they will be 
relieved if their percentage has 
not fallen below ten. 

WhenM Mitterrand became 
leader of Ibe.Sodalist Party 15 
years: ago, his . aim of “re- 
balancing .the Xeft”-hy catch- 
ing up with the Communists 
seemed .implausibily am- 
bitious. -Today he has so for 
succeeded that in this election 
the Socialist Party and “the 
Left” have almost become 
synonymous. . 

With the - Communists rele- 
gated to the maxgin and the 
Socialists transformed into so? 

rial democrats, the Right can 
no longer easily dramatise the 
: conflict as one between good 
and evil, or freedom and 
totalitarianism. Nor is it 
promising any longer to undo 
everything that the Socialists 
have done. “Decentralisation” 
— the devolution of powers to 
directly elected regional 
. authorities - is now an estab- 
lished and valued fact which 
no one thinks of reversing. The 
same goes, in spite of the 
inflationary effects, for such 
“social reforms” as the fifth 
week, of obligatory paid holi- 
day, the 39-bour working 
week, and the availability of 
fully-pensioned retirement at 
60 for both sexes. Perhaps 
most surprisingly, in view of 
widespread concern about 
crime and “insecurity", there 
is not even a pledge to restore 
the death penalty. 

Needless to say, some dif- 
ferences do remain. The Right 
is pledged to privatise the 
nationalised industries, to in- 
troduce a tougher pay policy 
on public order and on im- 
migration, and to a somewhat 
Reaganite or supply-side ver- 
sion of free-market 
economics. These issues and 
one or two others will provide 
ample subject-matter for the 
long-delayed clarification of 
the notorious ambiguities in 
the French Constitution - 
concerning the respective pow- 
ers of President and Prime 
Minister - preparation for 
which has absorbed the energy 
of politicians and com- 
mentators throughout the elec- 
tion campaign. 

Luckily they do not include 
any major differences on for- 
eign policy. Solidarity with the 
United Statesjnaintenance of 
the French sphere of influence 
in Africa • if need be by miltaiy 
intervention - and of France’s 
nuclear deterrent, strengthen- 
ing of the European Commu- 
nity and defence of the 
Common Agricultural Policy: 
all these are common ground. 

'All that France's allies and 
partners need fear,-, in the 
mbiicfts ahead, is that the 
clarity and vigour of her 
foreign policy may be dulled 
by - constitutional arguments 
over w bo has the right to 
express and implement it At 
the same time they can feel 
grateful - and some of them 
perhaps a little jealous — to be 
associated with a country of 
such new-found political ma- 
turity and social cohesion. 


Than, are .times ; when the 
attraction of technology, so 
welcome in principle, seems 
to, well. fray. . The price- of 
audio equipment has fallen, all 
to die good. Style- and; 
compactness can be purchased 
for a fraction of former cosl 
A nd wiih them comes wattage- - 
Ask a buff (CD dr IP variety): 
with, power of output comes 
better definition of sound. So 
does volume. - 
The Victorians did not build 
their terraces with high- 
powered Sony equipment in 
mind, nor do Barretts their 
flats and semis.. Party-wall 
insulation, perfectly adequate 
for anything an old Bush 
radiogram could throw at it, 
gives - ways before the on- 
slaught of Amstfad — and it 
does' not matter whether it is 
Pavarotti or Prince on ..the 
turntable. If the Noise Coun- - 
ciL the new free-lance quango 
that launched itself this week, 
serves only to remind builders 
of the need for better acoustic 

standards, then it' deserves a 

There are safeguards against 
anti-social behaviour. Existing 
law seems generally adequate: 
it can be invoked against noisy s 
party-givers and arrogant 
motorcycle riders. The diffi- 
culty is enforcement, catching 
the offender in the ad Enter 
two of the more useful local 
authority, officials, the 
environmental health officer 
and the “enforcement officer”. 

Their jobs, especially on local 
authority estates, is as much 
arbiter and social worker as 
agent of punishment But they, 
too, must move with the times. 

• You are on a train, for 
example, buried in The Times 
or Trollope, and from a nearby 
seat comes an indecipherable 
jangle, apparently rhythmic 
but completely unmelodic. A 
personal stereo is in operation. 

What’s the recourse, beyond a 
high-speed scene that requires 

you first and foremost to 
attract the attention of the 
engrossed Walkman listener ? 

Lord Elliott of Morpeth, 
chairman of the Noise Coun- 
cil betrayed an inter-genera- 
tion insensitivity when he said 
he wanted to have a go at pop 
groups. Admission to 
Motorhead concerts is, usu- 
■ ; ally, a voluntary action. High . 
’• decible groups are not usually 
. encountered in the street, nor 
does their amplifying equip- 
ment fit into most suburban 
drawing rooms. 

Yet his council will have a 
serious purpose merely by 
focussing on noise. Besides 
obvious sources of aural 
annoyance, such as jets, it 
reminds us of the daily grind of 
oppressive sounds, from the 
broken exhaust to the ghetto 
. blaster. A broad band of 
regulation is in place. Quiet- 
ness depends on local enforce- 
ment, and a greater measure of 
a disappearing quality, consid- 
eration for other people. 


play too many kinds of sport " 

As a medium-sized power 
Britain has only ■ a limited 
reservoir of people- with the 
time, inclination and skill to 
compete at international level 
with the best of the rest of the 
world. The question is how 
best to. tap it? 

. For most countries the prob- 
lem ' does .not ’’arise. They 
concentrate their national en- 

eigy on one or West Gennany cheered up last 

sports at which they are Imo sunmer when young Boris 

to excel: athletics in. hast 

The omens for. next weeks 
third test match in Baroados 

are no better than those for the 

tests in Jamaica and Trinidad. 
As the losses mount the cry is 
once more heard: 
wrong, with English cncket. 
The same critics will be asking 
“What’s wrong with English or 
Scottish football 7* shouldany 
or all of the teams perform 
badly in Mexico this summer. 

Theiie are always, of course, 
plenty of excuses. The riiost 

common is that Britain lacks 

the facilities, that' the coaching 
. is weak, the schools neglectful 
the clubs starved of funds, the 
s climate too nasty,. the play«s 
too nice. Other parts of the 
.5 . world have all-weather stadia, 

vast covered pitches, coaching 

• weekends and government 
' grants. They are held up as 
.-■Jasons why this country s 
' rational heroes are so often 
.. Unfinished by their peers from 

"There must be a better 

no more than a personal 
pastime it matters not one jot 
We - should rejoice in the 
richness of our sporting life, 
the variety of opportunities 
which open before the gifted 
young athlete in Britain, 
Athletics in East Germany 
looks more like an industry by 

. On the other hand sporting 
success can impact into na- 
tional morale. The whole of 

Germany, gymnastics in 
Romania, rugby in New Zea- 
land, ice-hockey in Canada, 
cricket, in the' West . Indies, 
squash, in Pakistan, soccer in 
Brazil. Tbese.absorh the na- 
tional talent - and from it they 
feed the national amour-pro- 
p re. 

••In Britain the. talent is 
distributed thinly across a 
wide range of sports - too 
thinly, in most, cases, for the 
national teams to have the 

^^M people do necessary depth, for more than 
XZ Mitels They .iccasional international sue- 
lay too much; or rather they 

simmer when young Boris 
Becker won Wimbledon. The 
success of Britain’s compet- 
itors in middle-distance run- 
ning — a sport in which we 
.have concentrated our na- 
tional efforts — has done the 
same for Britain. In the depths 
of cricket gloom we should not 
forget it. 

Perhaps, for the sake of the 
country’s esprit a national 
sporting, policy is called for, 
.with the Government’s shoul- 
'der put behind one great ' 
endeavour. But — as with all 
interventionist policies - the 
question then becomes: which 
endeavour? ' . . 


Mounting pressure on hospitals 

From Professor Sam Shuster 
Sir, Your report (March 7) of the 
inability of home county hospitals 
to cope with acute medical ad- 
missions would be serious enough 
in isolation but unfortunately it is 
symptomatic of a much wider 
problem. Dr Bown (letter, March 
7) puis the blame on reduced 
government fending of the metro- 
politan regions under RAWP (Re- 
source Allocation Working Party), 
yet those working in areas sup- 
posed to have benefited by RAWP 
are experiencing equally serious 

In Newcastle last year, money 
was available for replacement of 
less than 10 per cent of required 
medical equipment in the teaching 
hospital. In December we had to 
reduce spending by 10 per cent 
and in January our district health 
authority found itself short of £3 
million, not from overspending 
but from Government's failure to 
honour its responsibility for infla- 
tionary increases in rates and 
salaries. The deficit will be met by 
dosing a children's hospital and 
orthopaedic and dermatology 
wards although this will seriously 
affect the work of several depart- 

Similar major reductions in 
NHS facilities are occurring all 
over the country. They are not 
isolated economies nor an over- 
due scoring-out of ineflicienries. 

It has become distressingly dear 
that Government policy is nothing 
less than to dismantle the 
NHS. The statistical obfuscation 
that more is being spent on the 
NHS than ever before adds the 
impression of furtiveness and 



The University of Newcastle upon 

Department of Dermatology, 

The Royal Victoria Infirmary, 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 

March II. 

From the Chairman of the Corn- 
wall and Isles of Scidy Health 

Sir, In his letter to you ofMarch 7, 

Dr R. L. Bown calls upon HM 
Government to re-examine the 
whole funding of the "hospital „ Truro, 
health service in metropolitan Cornwall, 
regions “before a catastrophe March I I. 

occurs". We in Cornwall would 
certainly echo the call for a very 
vigorous examination of the 
RAWP (Resource Allocation 
Working Party) formula because 
we are convinced that Cornwall 
on the peripheiy as it is. has 
burdens far greater than most of 
the health authorities in the Home 

Red alerts — i.e.. the restriction 
of admissions to all but the most 
urgent cases - are standard for at 
least three months during winter, 
irrespective of severity, as well as 
for pans of the summer, owing to 
massive seasonal population in- 
creases certainly not matched by 
adjustments in the formula. 

Geography, population spread, 
historic distribution of hospitals 
together with the paudiy. indeed 
non-existence in some places, of 
public transport impose an addi- 
tional demonstrable burden of 
approximailey £1 minion per 
annum on our patient transport 
costs, again not compensated by 
the formula. 

Dr Bown refers to the problems 
of three neighbouring districts 
from whom bdp is presumably 
occasionally available — a happy 
situation indeed; our nearest 
neighbour. Plymouth, is over SO 
miles away, Penzance dialysis 
patients who need to go there must 
make a round trip of approxi- 
mately ISO miles two or three 
times weekly. 

These problems are not to be 
dismissed as those of the Celtic 
fringe: Cornwall's population is 
over 400,000, has one of the fastest 
growing elderly populations in the 
country, has a very low social 
services spending record, very 
high levels of unemployment, and 
registers poorly on the DHSS 
performance indicators with re- 
gard to social deprivation. 

My authority would resist most 
strongly any suggestions for 
improving the London metropoli- 
tan levels of health services at our 
further expense. 

Yours faithfully, 

ALAN COLEMAN, Chairman, 
Cornwall and Isles of Stilly Health 

St Clement Vean, 

Tregolls Road, 

Power struggle 
at Battersea 

From Mr Waicyn Thomas 
Sir. Your article on March 6. 
“Power struggle at Battersea”, 
failed to address the fundamental 
question of public- responsibility 
of Wandsworth Council the 
Department of the Environment, 
the Central Electricity Generating 
Board, and the City. 

Wandsworth Council has not 
yet given outline planning consent 
to the application to turn Batter- 
sea power station into a leisure 
centre. Unless a number of prom-, 
ises by the developer can be made 
enforceable in law, consent will 
only be possible if the council is 
prepared to settle for less when the 
application is next reviewed. It 
will have to reassess its- 
responsibility at that time. 

The Department of Environ- 
ment is now being asked to make 
the application subject to a public 
enquiry. There is a strong case for 
this, since h was the Department’s 
own decision, without consulta- 
tion with Wandsworth Council or 
the CEGB. that originally made 
the power station a listed building. 

The CEGB, as landowner, must 
also be carefully considering its 
responsibility as a body with 
statutory duties. The current de- 
bate has raised the question of 
whether it is right for the CEGB to 
sell the site at the proposed sum of 
£1.5 million and in effect subsidise 
a private developer by a minimum 
of £6.5 million. 

But the ultimate power and 
responsibility will in feet rest with 
the City and the institutions from 
whom the developer will be 
seeking £50 million for the 
scheme. In order to ensure that 
they can responsibly assess the 
risk of funding the project, they 
will be looking to the developer to 
address the unanswered questions 
on his attendance figures and 
financial calculations. 

What is needed is a more 
visionary planning authority that 
can pursue other schemes that 
involve a more balanced light 
industrial and recreational use of 
the site. Certainly local residents 
would welcome a new responsibil- 
ity to be shown towards a site of 
national importance. 

Yours faithfully, 


15 Surrey Lane, SWI I. 

Fusion of the law 

From Mr Alan Hawley 
Sir, Contrary to what Andrew 
Phillips attempts to argue (March 
51 the solicitor who is forced to 
use the Bar does not save his 
client's money, because the 
barrister's time nearly always 
involves a “double-up" on that of 
the solicitor, particularly when the 
solicitor sits, mute but expensive, 
in front of or behind the barrister 
in the higher courts. 

If a solicitor is to manage 
litigation properly, or to give 
competent legal advice, he must 
be more than a mere post-box for 
the barrister, he must be master of 
his case, and that will involve a 
considerable amount of time on 
work which will be duplicated by 
the barrister. 

The correct comparison is thus 
not between the costs of a barrister 
and a solicitor, but between the 
costs of one lawyer and two. 
Surely the client should be the one 
to decide whether he wants to 
instruct a second lawyer, however 
reasonably priced that lawyer may 

Yours faithfully, 


c/o Yusuf bin Ahmed Kanoo, 

Box 45, 


March 8. 

Off-course betting 

From the General Secretary of the 
Church qf England National 
Council for Social Aid 
Sir, It seems to be a growing 
tendency in British politics to 
legislate social change by stealth. 
The latest example is the statutory 
instrument amending the Betting, 
Gaming and Lotteries Act 1963 
(Section 4), which has crept into 
the Government’s legislative pro- ' 
gramme with virtually no . 
consultation or parliamentary de- 

In the Spectrum feature on 
gambling (March 7), Mr Berlins 
reports Lord Fairhaven as saying 
that the measure represents “the 
most significant transformation of 
betting since it was legalised off- 
course a quarter of a century ago.” 
While the changes will un- 
doubtedly bring comfort and joy 
to betting shop owners, the social 
aspects are far less rosy. 

- ...Our council considers that the 
improved facilities wilt not only 
encourage people to enter betting , 
shops for the first time but also 
tempt them to stay lhere longer 
than they might otherwise have 
doneiln'such an environment, it is 
all too easy for punters to indulge 
in continuous betting and become 
compulsive gamblers. 

-While it will take some -time to 
assess foe full impact - of the new 
regulations, we are nevertheless 
astonished that the Government 
should identify itself so closely 
with commercial interests and fail 
to take account of the wider social 
implications and foe need for 
adequate public discussion. 

Yours faithfully, 

TED AGAR, General Secretary, 
Church of England National 
Council for Social Aid, - 
38 Ebury Street, SWI. 

March 10. 


From Mr R. B. Cruse 
Sir, My list of jobs includes 
calligrapher, drama organiser, 
travel agent, mathematician, 
safety officer, treasurer, handy- 
man, sign writer, computer op- 
erator, timekeeper, child 
psychologist, typist, proof reader, 
games supervisor, examiner, tea 
and coffee boy, dishwasher, swim- 
ming coach, first-aid adviser, lec- 
turer, quiz master, grammarian, 
sport organiser, detective, pub- 
licity officer, meals supervisor, 
stock controller, projectionist, en- 
graver and hospital car driver. 

I happen to bold all these 
positions simultaneously, since I 
am more generally known by my 
colleagues as a junior school 
deputy headmaster. 

Yours failhfoliy, 


3 Albert Road, 

New Milton, 


March 10. 

In aid of BR 

From the Reverend Timothy Russ 
Sir, There was perhaps a frisson of 
humour in the . nation when the 
royal train broke down some- 
where near Cambridge recently. 
How bad can British Rail get? 

The remarkable thing is, how 
good British Rail is, despite a lack 
of capital investment on a monu- 
mental scale. Current wisdom is 
that there must be a financial 
return on new capital investment, 
and replacement of worn-out 
stock does not qualify so long as 
the stock can roll and the rails 
sustain iL 

Would it not be sensible to 
divert say 10 per cent — my figure 
is arbitrary — of the revenues from 
the licensing of road vehicles to 
simply providing capital for the 
railways at zero interest? 

We do not, after aU, expea 
investment in roads to provide a 
financial return. Moreover, such 
capita] formation would help 
many industries in decline. 

Yours sincerely, 


The Presbytery, 

Lower BritweU Road, 



Wide awake 

From Mr J. W. Yamley 
Sir, Poor, proud, pretty — and now 
“sleepy". Whilst enjoying Paul 
Haigh’s report (March 8) on the 
forthcoming National Hunt festi- 
val in Cheltenham, I must ve- 
hemently protest that we are not 

In addition to the racing at 
Prestbury Park, we run a very 
successful cricket festival in Au- 
gust, a music festival in July, and a 
Itieraiy festival in Oaober. We 
have some very lively educational 
establishments, including a college 
of higher ed ucation. 

A large number of companies 
have their bead offices with us and 
foe quality of our shops and 
restaurants is the envy of the 
south-west. GCHQ is with us, of 
course, and far from being sleepy, 
they keep alert watch on our 
defences 24 hours a day. 

We are certainly a proud and 
pretty town. To that I would add 
vibrant, not sleepy. 

Yours faithfully, 


Director of Music, 

The Grammar School 
Princess Elizabeth Way, 
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. 

A Budget for jobs 

From Mr Nigel Forman, MP for 
CarshaKon and Wellington 
( Conservative ) and Mr John Ma- 
ples, MP for. West Lewisham 

Sir, In a pamphlet last year we 
suggested a range of measures 
designed to create more jobs. 
Some useful initiatives were taken 
in the last Budget but when we 
made our proposals unemploy- 
ment was 3.123,900; it is now 
3,210,100. ‘ Further action is 

Most people would apparently 
be willing to forgo income tax cuts 
if further resources were made 
available to tackle unemploy- 
ment The Chancellor should 
therefore use whatever “fiscal 
adjustment” he has available to 
finance farther measures to im- 
prove economic performance and 
encourage employment 

National Insurance contribu- 
tions should be reduced. Lower 

employers’ contributions would 
reduce costs, promote output and 
assuming firm attitudes on pay, 
create jobs. 

We suggest the elimination of 
foe 5 per cent rate and the raising 
of the threshold to £60 a week for 
employers and employees, thereby 
providing a tax cut for 1,400.000 
workers at a cost of only £300 
million. If more resources are 
available, thresholds should be 
raised further or foe 7 per cent rate 

Home improvement . grants 
should be increased especially in 
areas of high unemployment. 
These should be means-tested and 
lime-limited At a cost of £1,000 
million, about 130,000 new jobs 
could be created 

About two-thirds of foe un- 
employed have no formal educa- 
tional qualifications. More must 
be done to achieve minimum 
standards of literacy and 
numeracy and to expand further 
education. Training should be 

encouraged further by improved 
tax concessions or grants for 
companies and training - allow- 
ances for employees. 

The community programme 
and foe enterprise allowance 
scheme should be extended 

The average net cost of each 
unemployed person in benefit 
paid and lost tax revenue is about 
£5,000 a year. The money could be 
much better used as a catalyst for 
job-creation. The principle has 
been conceded in foe new job start 
allowance, which will supplement 
foe earnings of new jobs for foe 
long-term unemployed This prin- 
ciple should be extended. 

The fall in the price of oil should 
be the equivalent of a tax cut for 
everyone. The Chancellor should 
therefore give top priority to 
meeting foe unemployment chal- 

Youre faithfully, 



House ofCommons. 


MARCH 151794 





The inhabitants of Jersey were 
uvtl advised to take notice of , 
military preparations at St Malo. ~ a 
In I7f9 an attack by the French 
had been repulsed; a heavier one icb 
in January, 1781 captured St ent 
Helier and with it die Lieutenant - ay. 

Governor, who signal the ' Sp. 
capitulation of the island. Afqfor 
Francis Pierson, acting ■! j n 
commander of the troop* made it 
clear that the 78th ana XA had 
no intention of surrendering. The 
24-year-old officer and his men, n s 
aided by militia units, routml the HS 
enemy tn ten minuta — 0 victory er 
marred by Ovt shot uihich kilted :re 
Pierson Nothing came of the *es 
threat reported beidrn^ 







The Island of Jersey 


Intelligence was yesterday ie-! m 
ceived. that the Carmagnole a£ St fr 


Maloe s bad for the' - present 
changed their intentions for visit- 
ing Great Britain, first intending 
the conquest of the Island of 
JERSEY. The following fa an 
Extract of a Letter from JERSEY, pj 
received yesterday, by express^ and 
addressed to one of the first houses F* 
in the City: rP 

“ I send you inclosed an Act 
voted in the States yesterday, by ^ 
which you will see that an attack of m 
this island is hourly expected TheF 
force is collected at St Maloest the p 
number announced is 10,000' men. 
You may suppose we have not 
fallen a -sleep upon this news. 
Every means of preparation.- de- 
fence and vigilance fa adopted 
throughout the island, and those 
ruffians will not find us an easy 
prey. The People are well disposed. 
We have laid an embargo on all 
vessels, except what axe necessary 
for the virtually, etc. An express fa 
sent off to Admiral MACBRIDE, 
and we shall no doubt, -have 
frigates in a day or two, when, the 
embargo will be taken off. - 
"Our force consists of the €3d 
regiment, which fa 600 strong; 
about 800 French Royalists in 
British pay; fiye companies of 
invalids; ami about 4000 militia. I 
have not the smaUestapprehenshm 
for the safety of the island". 

The following is the act qf the 
States on receiving the news of the 
intentions of she French: . 

At the ASSEMBLY of the 
SEY, held the 8th of Monk 1794. 

Present the .-Right Hon., the 

• -“The COMMANDER j. in 
CHIEF having awmblrtf .the 
States for the purpose of cpBumuni- 
cating to' them the Intelligence 
which he has just recewed-rihat 
the enemy is now assembled in 
force on the neighbouring coast, 
that their avowed design .fa a 
descent on this Island, end -that 
they announce, -that they . are 
invited to it by the inhabitants of 
Jersey, with a view no doubt of 
encouraging their soldiers, by mak- 
ing them believe, that they. wiD 
meet with no resistance, and 
perhaps also with a view to. give 
unfavourable impressions of the 
loyalty of this country to: jour 
august Sovereign. The States, after 
having returned thanks to the 
Commander in Chief for his atten- 
tion on this occasion, cannot avoid 
^expressing the horror, and indigna- 
tion they feel at this infamous 

calumny, as felte as fa fa malicious, 
against the known fidelity' of the 
inhabitants, of this island The 
States take this opportunity ■ of 
assuring the Commander in Chief! 
of their zeal and of their inviolable 
attachment to' the best of -Kings, 
and to -the British Government, 
under which this island -has en- 
joyed for many yean inestimable 
privileges and advantages. They 
declare, that fa will always find 
them ready to support and second 
his efforts for the safety of the 
country; and well knowing; by a 
happy experience, the sentiments 
of the people whom they represent, 
the STATES dare assure the 
Commander in Chief of the devo- 
tion of this loyal people to fheir 
duty, and of their ardour to defend 
their country against the attacks of 
cruel and barbarous enemies, who 
have violated all laws, divine and 
human, and whose only aim fa 
plunder, and the destruction of 
men. Desirous, at the same tm» , 
that the intelligence communicat- 
ed to the States by the Commander 
in Chief, .with respect to -.the 
intended invasion.- and the .atro- 
cious calumny-laid to-the-ebarge of 
the roost faithful of subjects, 
should be publicly known, -the 
States have ordered that this 
present Act, voted unanimously, 
shall be printed, published and 
fixed up in every parish of the 
Island; and all Ministers are de- 
sired to read it from the pulpit on 
Sunday next - 


Hatless in London : 

From Mrs E- V. Longrigg 
Sir, Could foe present day 
hailessness' of Londoners - and 
others - be due to anxiety over foe 
Sex Discrimination Act? 

I must admit to feelings of 
identity confusion after, hiring 
recently seen a young wonian. In a 
court of law peremptorily ordered 
by the cleric to remove her bat; and 
a few days later wo young men 
sitting at opposite ends of a 
Christian church with their hats 
on throughout the service. _ 

Presumably any protest against 
either of these occurrences ctiuld 
be considered against the law? 
Yours hatlesslv. • 


23 Norham Road, : • 


March 11. : 




.1 5: ; 



















Buckingham palace 

March 14c The Queen and The 
Duke of Edinburgh, attended by 
the Marchioness of 
Abergavenny, Lady Susan 
Hussey, the Right Hon Sir 
Philip Moore, Rear-Admiral Sir 
Paul Greening, Sir WUHam 
Headline, Mr Micfaad Shea, 
Surgeon Captain Norman 
Btaddock, RN, Air Vice-Mar- 
shal John Severne, Major Hugh 
Undsay and.Mr Brian McGrath 
arrived at Heathrow Airport, 
London this morning in a Royal 
Australian Air Force Boeing 707 
from Australia. 

Her Majesty was received at 
the Airport by the Earl of Airlic 
(Lord Chamberlain) and Mr 
Michael King (Director, 
Heathrow Airport London). 

The Hon Mary Morrison has 
succeeded Lady Susan Hussey 
as Lady in Waiting to The 


March 14: The Prince of Wales, 
President Business in the 
Community, this morning vis- 
ited the Aberdeen Enterprise 
Trust Willowbank House, 

Mr David Roy croft was in 

A m e mo ri al service for Guy 
Warrack win be held at St 
Columba's Church of Scotland, 
Pom Street SWI, at 1 1 o'clock 


Papal Knight* la Great Britain 
The Ordinal Archbishop of 
Westminster offered Mass yes- 
terday evening ai the annual 
celebrat ion in honour of St 
Gregory the Great and St 
Sylvester at the Church of Our 
Lady of the Assumption and St 
Gregory, Warwick Street A 
dinner wax held afterwards at 
the Cafe Royal The Lord Mayor 
of London, who was accompa- 
nied by the Sheriffs, was in the 
chair and others present in- 

MW Rtno P aw tert a . the Earl of 
Longford. Lend Marita FTOalan-How- 
art. Lord Forte, Lord Grade. Sir 
Geoffrey HrinCsn- Harold Hood and 
Sr Sttnmnd Sternberg. 

St FeUx School, Soufowold 
Mrs Jane Prior presided at a 
dinner given by the Board of 
Governors of St Felix School. 
Soufowold, on March 10 ai 
Whitbread's Brewery in honour 
of the patrons of the school: The 
Hon Lady Waley-Gohen, Sir 
Hector Laing, Sir Philip Fore- 
man, Major D. AOhusen and Sir 
James Cteminson. The guest 
speaker was Mr Christopher 
Patten, MP, who was thanked 
by the headmistress. Mrs Anne 

Old Fefatedian Society 
The Bishop of Ramsbury was 
the guest of honour at the 
annual dinner of the Old 
Felstedian Society held last 
night at Armoury House. Mr 
A.1 L Rodgers, president, was in 
the chair and Mr EJ.H. Gould, 
Headmaster of Felsted School, 
and members of the board of 
governors were also present. 

r of Windsor and Maiden- 

The Mayor and Mayoress of 
Windsor and Maidenhead were 
hosts at a dinner and ball held 
last night at the Castle Hotel, 
Windsor. The speakers were the 
mayor. Major Kenneth Adams 
and Major-General R.L.C. 
Dixon. Among the guests were: 

Ucutcmnt-OotaBci sir Jean Johnston. 
Or Alan Gtyn. MP. nd Lady noauia 

Oyn. thP Honorary Recorder Of 
I Windsor md Mrs BteanertiasseU. me 
Chairman of Berkshire County Conn- 
ed and Mrs Morgan. Mn MWiart 
Mann, the Cldrf Executive of Windsor 
and Maidenhead and Mrs Water, the 
Mayor and Mayoress of Slough, me 
Mayor and Mayoress of Reading, the 
Chairman of Bracknell Otetrtcl Coun- 

cil and Mrs Alnscough. the Chairman 
of Wokingham DUtrtct Council and 
Mrs Cote, the Chatman of Newbury 
District Council and Mr P Sanders- 
Rose. the Mayor and May or ess of 
.Kensington and Chelsea. Harr and 
Bran Norbert Hauser. Fraul 

Canon David Grtmorv uve 
Parkin. M and Mme M Guay and Mr 
and Mrs David Barnes. 

Robert Markus 

Lenten thoughts on Augustine 

In the weeks of Lent exactly 1,600 years 
ago, a brilliant young man sat listening 
to the preaching of Ambrose, bishop of 
the imperial city of Milan. 

He had gone out of curiosity: having 
recently arrived from North Africa to 
take up a post as professor of rhetoric, 
die young Augustine wished to verify 
for himself that Ambrose's “eloquence 
was equal to his feme". This is what he 
tells us in his Confessions, written IS 
years later. 

Ambrose's manner, and his kindness 
to the newcomer, attracted him: but 
little by little the matter ofhis preaching 
made a greater impression on him. The 
bishop's lenten sermons proved to be a 
turning point in his life: they set him on 
the path which was to lead him, in the 
course of the next few months, to 
Christianity, and baptism the following 

It was one crucial stage in the career 
of a uniquely restless man, a mind 
always always on the move, constantly 
questioning itsdC critical of its habitual 
assumptions, stimulated by the con- 
cents of friends, responding to the ever- 
changing problems thrown up by 
controversy with opponents, and later, 
to the needs of his congregation. 

Augustine's spiritual pilgrimage had, 
however, begun long before. At the age 
of 19 he had read a work of Cicero's, 
now lost It had been a summons to 

“It changed my whole mental life, 
changed my prayers to you, O Lord, and 
gave me new purpose and new 
ambitions'*, Augustine would write, 
looking back in his Confessions at this, 
his first, conversion. 

Another 13 years were to elapse 
before his turning towards Christianity 
in Milan, under the influence of 
Ambrose's preaching. The first port of 
call on the journey towards a destina- 
tion as yet unknown to him served 
Augustine only asa brief resting place. It 
was the religion of the followers of a 
third century prophet, Mani. 

For a time it satisfied Augustine's 
strong urge to understand the apparent 
irrationality in the world, the existence 
of evil and its conflict with the good. Its 
mythology gave Augustine a symbolic 
projection ofhis own inner tensions. 

Manichaean teaching provided a 
powerful set of images which made 
inner conflict comprehensible as pan of 
a cosmic battle between light and 
darkness. The human personality was 
the stage on which this battle was played 

The myth taught its devotees to see 
their own inmost self as a spark of the 
light trapped in a world of darkness, 
destined to be delivered from its prison 
to return to its origin and true home. 

The image of two principles locked in 
permanent conflict was bound to appeal 
to a man of powerful feelings, always 
conscious of the ease with which 
passions could be stirred beyond the 
rational control of the mind. 

Manichean teaching made sense of 
the evil in the world: but, as Ambrose's 
preaching finally convinced Augustine, 
it did so at too great a price. Mani's fol- 
lowers saw man as a victim of forces 
foreign to his true self impersonal 
forces of darkness which could be 
disowned as alien. 

“I still held the view” Augustine 
wrote of his adherence to Manichaean 
doctrine, “that it was not we that 
sinned, but some other nature in us _ I 
very much preferred to excuse myself 
and accuse some other thing that was in 
me but was not I ~ But in truth 1 was 
one whole: it was my impiety that 
divided me against myself.” 

This was the great discovery which 
led Augusgine to the parting of the ways. 
He rejected the cosmology of two 
warring worlds, and the picture of man 
as compounded of them, and came to 
adopt Ambrose's form of philosophical 

His disillusion with Manicheism did 
not only bring Augustine to the thresh- 
old of Christianity. It also transformed 

his understanding of himself His 
Confessions is not only a record of his 
spiritual career, but also a voyage of self- 

In it Augustine is not telling us wbat 
he was; he is seeking “what I am”. In its 
tenth book he explores the inaccessible 
recesses of what he calls memorio. That 
meant something more to Augustine 
than “memory": it referred not only to 
the past, remembered or forgotten, but 
contained the layers of the self impene- 
trable to the sharply focused beam of 

What Augustine delved into in this 
book were the remote depths of the self, 
the darkness which, he now realized, 
was a part of his self, not something 
alien that could be disowned, but 
something that had to be integrated 
within die “one whole" which was “1". 

The mysterious realm of this 
“memory” which Augustine here ex- 
plores represents his discarding the 
narrow, Manichaean conception of the 
personality, and its expansion to com- 
prehend the shadow: “I cannot wholly 
grasp all that I am". 

In his Confessions Augustine came to 
accept himself as ultimately problemat- 
ic in the sight of God: “But you, O Lord 
my God, hear me. look upon me and see 
me; have mercy and heal me, You in 
whose sight 1 have become a question to 

Augustine discovered the wholeness 
of the self; he recognized the necessity 
for an unending growth in self-under- 
standing and the need for integration of 
the personality fragmented by sin. This 
was the most decisive turning point in 
his spiritual career. 

It gave the impetus, for the rest ofhis 
intellectually and spiritually eventful 
life, to Augustine's spiritual quest. And 
that quest, as he knew when he wrote 
the Confessions, would not end this side 
of the grave. 

Professor Markus was formerly professor 
of medieval history at Nottingham 

Forthcoming marriages 

L Aagliss 
and Miss AJVI.B. O'Shea 
The engagement is announced 
between Barnaby. third son of 
Mr and Mrs Derek Angliss, of 
Greenhill Farm, Famham, Sur- 
rey, and Anne Marie, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Jere- 
miah O'Shea, of Derrynabraek, 
Tuosist, Killainey; Co Kerry. 

Mr M-T. Batting 
and Miss JJVL Pigging 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, elder son of Mr 
P. Batting, of Friston, and Mrs 
K. Batting, of BexhiB-on-Sea, 
and Joanna, eldest daughter of 
Colonel and Mis CD. Pigging, 
of Landlord Wood, Salisbury. 

Mr RJL Burnham - * 

and Miss HJL McLanau_ 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs R£ Burnham, of 
East Hampton, Connecticut, 
United States, and Heather, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mis D. 
McLeman, of Ellon, Aberdeen- 
shire, Scotland. 

Dr M. Curtin 
awl Mira W. Tasker 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs J. Curtin, of 
Ealing, west London, and 
Wendy, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs H. Tasker, of 
Bromham, Wiltshire. 

Mr N.G.A. Dennis*— 
and Miss J. MacdoneU 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of Mr 
Robin Denniston and the late 

Mrs Anne Denniston. and Jen- 

nifer, second daughter of the 
Rev Alasdair and Mrs 
Mr CJL Galloway 
and Miss CJE. Harden 
The engagement is announced 
between Colin, son of Mr and 
Mrs M.A. Galloway, of 
Thuricstone. Devon, and Caro- 

lyn. younger daughter of Major 
and Mrs J.R.E. Harden, of 
Nanhoron, Pwllheli. Gwynedd. 

Flight Lieutenant C.H.P. 
Gil low, RAF, 

and Lientenant SJV. McAvoy, 

The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.B. Gillow, of Market 
Drayton. Shropshire, and Stacy, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D.P. 
McAvoy, of Oneonia, New 

Dr I.A.C. Lennox 
and Mira SJ. Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between Iain, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Stuart Lennox, of 
Dulwich Village. London, and 
Susan, daughter . of Mr and Mrs 
Keith Brown, 'of -Hanhingtoo. 

Mr OJ. Streets 
and Miss CJJI. Reed 
The engagement is announced 
between Jason, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Hany Streets, of 
Horsham, West Sussex, and 
Caroline, “daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Roger Reed, of Gratwicke, 
West Sussex. 

Mr J J. Tolly 
and Miss SA. Jessup 
The engagement is announced 
between John, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs.BJC Tufty, of Ilford, 
'Essex, and Sa0y.4augbter of Mr 
and Mrs A. Jessup, of Horn- 
church. Essex. ' 

MrTJLN. Wind— 
and Miss CJ. Baynhaa 
The engagement is announced 
b e tw een Toby, son of Mr R.N. 
Wilkinson. MC. of New Milton, 
Hampshire, and Mrs A.P.B. 
Wilkinson, of Sherborne. Dor- 
set. and Caroline, daughter of 
Major and Mrs P-de M. 
Baynham, of Abbey Weavers, 

Mr C.G. Won ham 
and Mbs Jdt. Gde 
The engagement is announced 
between Cecil, eldest son of the 
late Squadron Leader F. 
Wanham and of Mrs Wonfaam, 
of Buenos Aires, and Jane, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Schvyn 

Cole, of BexhiU-on-Sea, Sussex. 

Imitator outshines the 
genuine article 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

The market appeal of 
reproduction fnrnitnre 
underlined by a bookcase mode 
around 1900 in George III style 
which raid for £7,480 (estimate 
£3,00045,000) at Sotheby's yes- 
terday. The sale also contained a 
genuine mahogany hrealdront 
bookcase of ‘ around J770 at 
£6,600 (estimate '£6,000- 

The repradoeffau piece was of 
similar size. ronshlY ■ even foot 
high with four glazed doors, but 

sale of 

at the 

furnitur e was 
middle marker and 
markedly less haoyant 
their auction of top quality 
English f nr uiuu e two weeks 
ago-Tbe sale totalled £203^80 
with M per ceat left'ansold. 

A few 

above experts liens such as the 
astrological tr i pod table of 
aromnd 1750 - the mahogany top 
iateid with a brass celestial phut 

instead of dark mahogany It had - at £2£60 (estimate £2400- 
the golden glow of sa tin wood ; £3406) and the parcel-gilt satin- 
tite cupboard doors were inlaid wood and painted harlequin 
with dark ovals and the npper Pembroke table of around 1770 
part was ele ga n tly finished with at £4440 (estimate £2406- 
a placed swan-neck pediment £34O0X 


TODAY: Mr Alexander Bern- 
stein, 50, Viscountess Broome, 
93; Sir Jack Callard, 73; Mr 
Cyril H. Cotton, 84; Lord Con- 
stantine of Stanraorc, 76; the 
Right Rev John Gibbs, 69; 
Professor John Gillingham. 70; 
Earl Haig, 68; Mr Nicholas 
Hinton, 44; Sir Michael Hogan, 
78; Sir Leonard Knowles, 70; 
Admiral Sir Raymond Lygn, 62; 
Professor Joan Mitchell, 66; Sir 
George _PbUqck.-^C 85; Sir 

Philip Powell, 
David Wall. 40. 

63; Mr 

TOMORROW: Sir Ralph 
Campbell. 80. Sir Richard Cave, 
66; Sir Patrick Dean, 77; Lord 
De Ramsey, 76; the Rev Hugo 
de Waal, 51; Sir Philip Fore- 
man, 63; Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Christopher Foxley-Norris, 69; 

Sir Ewan Jones, 75; Dr AJ.P. 
Kenny, 55; the Most Rev Dr 
NA. Lesser. 84; Mr Leo 
McKern, 66; Miss Kate 
NeUigan. 35: Dr Charles New- 
man. 86: Mr R.G. Patrick, 70; 
Miss Lucie Rie, 84. 

Services tomorrow 

Passion Sunday 

9-50 M: II Sung Eucft- Mm to r four 
voices (Bvrtn. Be near me Lort (Bactu. 
The Archdeacon; 3.16 E 

fore (FarranU. R*v John Vine 
Healing Service. Dr Elizabeth 






MWSTEH; R 8.43 HO 10.16 

Rev P F Johnson - 

Sur>g Eudi. Mm Brevts OrlghtonV 
Canon Mkteaei P owe ri ng: 11.30 M. 



Never has a New York shopping spree been such 
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We'll also give you vouchers to spend in New Yorks 
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The offer applies whether you take your wife, 
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For full details, contact Cunard, 30A Pall Mall. 
London SW1Y 5LS (Tel: 01-491 3930) or see your travel 
agent. < 

Lanwntaaons (BairslowJ. 

l Harwoods 4 E. ancteter Service 
(WaflonL O Lon*, look down rrom 
heaven fBattttWD). The Dean. 

MC. Macs for four voices (ByrdL J«n 
duKtt iwmorta (Ananfc JO-JO M. 
BenedMlte isiorafon u> B naxx JuMWte 
(Wielknl. Rl Rev Kenneth 
WooUrombe: 3.16 E. Stevtce (Orny tn 
F minor j. Hear my prayer (PurcdD. 

R ev Al an Wehate r. 

HC: 10.30 M. Lamentations 

R.3QHC: 11 Sung Euch. MR 
Nocntne (Hamer). CrudfhoK 

ST* JAMES'S:. Plcodtny. Wlj. MO 
HC; 1 1 Song Euch: 6 Evening Prayer. 

6.50 Prayer and Rate. Rev Tfiad- 

10-50 Sung Euch. , . 

vote** CHyrtL crater Love OrviaixJJ. 
Rev NWer 630 E. Thou kneweal 
Lord (Rraia Oman I Smith Cam- 

CWW. 8. 12-15 HC: 

{Allegro. The Provost 3 E. Rubbra In 
AftaLTwOUk! boWt my Lord CBactU. 
canon C wdd P arrott. 
g. 12. 5-50. 7 LM: 10.30 HM. MtBJ to 
ben Sancti DoratnkxRuharai- Cnnsms 
factus eat WucknerJ. Asulce Pond tie 

Mm for tour voices CByrdL Lord for 
thy tender metch a sake. Rev 

ST MARGARET'S. Westminster. 
8 W 1. B.1B 12-10 HC 11 M. Canon 


2-46 Chinese S«v»oe: 4.16 Ei 6J0 

E8. Rev Ron ald Gort on. _ 

ST MARY ABBOTS. WfC 8. 12-50 
HC 9-30 Sung Euch. Rev S H H 
Adand: li. IBM. The Vicar: 6.30 E. 
Rev S H H A eland. 

ST MARY'S. Bourne SL SWI: 7. & 
9.45 LM: 1 1 HM. in the Dorian Mode 
rrants). Salvator munu cTaWai. Nolo 
modem peccaiorts CMortey). Dr Brian 
Horne: 6.1 S £ and Solemn Ben etMc- 



Road. Wl: & 1 1 HC. 

SWI: 6.15. 1 1 HC 6.30 ES, 

ST PAUL'S. Robert Adam Stn 

II Alan Cook: 6^0 Rev 

CHAPQL ROYAL. St. James* Place: 
8-30 KC 11.16 Sung &Jdt. Jesu 
mad* memoru CRIchart She p herd*. 

Regale (Howells). Rev C Phttp CU- 


SWI: 11 M: 12 ICRw J 


HC 11 Solemn Euch. Mlssa 
(Tams*. Consider ail ye pa* 

(John Amncr*. O tnorni man. 

ber well (Peter Hurford*. Rev ACC 

Cree nw teh. sciO: 1 1 mp. God so 
kwed the world (GOSS*. 

(Lora*. — 

A n u m be r of rter Tmletcsr hlouH Group 

Cta Mater (Dvorak*. Rev F V A 8oyse. 
11 M. Benedhdle rRaknn). Ne trascarto 

ToSpLESflS^SlVSf^eL EC4: 

8 .30 HC 11.16 MP. Benediette omnia 
opera (Dyson In FI BenedKtus 
rwalford Davies ta CD. The Master. 


LC4: 9.50. 12-50 HC 11 Peoeicm 

SS^R^^Hamtenn Court 
Palace: 8-30 HC 11 M^Cod so Loved 
the World (Stalnerl. The Chaplain; 

3.30 E. Call io remembrance 
(FarranU. No* autetn gtertart oportN 

sung Euro. Rev Gusher de Medo. 
ALL SAINTS, Marar« StreeL Wl: & 
S.1S LM: 1020 MR: 1 1 HM. Rev I M 
Mackenzie: 6 E. Farranl fat C minor. 
Rev J S W Young. 

CHELSEA* 1 Ol5*“cHUROL Ojld 
Cham SireeL SW3: 6 12 HC IO 
Cniktren's Service; 11 M: 6 £. Rev C 
e l Thomson. __ __ . - 

HC 11 Parish Communion. Rev D R 

Audley Street: 8-15 HC 11 
Euro. Mass tor ttiree. vo*<« fBjTdx 
Oui of the deep (TantelnsL Rev A w 

Marks. _ . 

HOLY TTONTTY. Bmmp ton _Raad: 

HOLY TRINITY. Prince Consort 
Road: 830 HC 12.06 MP. Btv Martin 

HOLY TRINITY. Steone Sflwe 8J0. 
1210 hc iojo E uro. canonRobero, 
ST ALBAN'S. HoBwm. EC lJ 9-50 
SM: li HM. Mlssa Surge Prooera 
(victoria). O Lord In that wraUi 
(ClbOORs). Ft GM6: 5-50 LM. ■ 
Sndlhfleld. ECI: 9 HC 11 M and HC. 
Beneduaw rwuharo. Sawaror Mundl 
rraiits). The Rector: 6.30 E and HC 
Caiulrtes (Healey wuianX Salvator 
Mun di (Blow ). tn« Rector, 
r BRI D E' S . Fleet Street. EC*: 630 

, 11 M and Euch. BenedteSte (Purced 

hi CX Kyrtes iPuroeS in Cj, C anon 
John Ode*: 6 JO E. Magmncat and 
Nunc DUnitUs iCaustun). Tuna thee 

I STCLT^i^n^L: Phtmearo O arden a 
10 HC 1 1SUP0 Euch. Aaterna 

ST PETER'S. Eaton Souare. SWI: 
8.16 HC IO FhmDyMass: 11 Solemn 
Mass. MUaa Brevis (Palestrina*. Praise 
to thee. Lord Jesus (Schulz). Rev D B 

SW3: a. li hc Rev R Beckwith: 

E- P rpfa Jo hn Pearce. 
st STEPHEN'S. Ghwcoster Rood. 
SWT: a 9. LM: 11 HM. Mtasatti 
abscondUo (Lassus). The 
' Kensington: 6 stations or me 

id Benediction. 

st vex) AST. Foster Lane- EC2 li 
Sung Euch. Retinae Pads ( P ee l ei 5) . 
Street. Wl: n HM. Mas* For three 

"**- ®SUlS?6tsr£5^5Ss2 

S Ihe C 

LAND. Pont StreeL SWl: : ~ ~ 


11. Rav w 

LAND. Covert Carden. WC2: 11.15 
nev Denis Duncan: 650 Rev Donald 

THE ASSUMPTION. Warwick Street 
Wl: 8. io, 12. 4. 6 LM: ii HM. Mbsa 
quo abttl tutBCManrotcourD. Peniten- 
uai Pa ahn VTn (Lassos). 

FARM STREET. Wl: 7-5C 8-30. 10. 
12.15. 4.15. 6.16 LM: II HM. 

THE . ORATORY. Brampton Road. 
SWT: 7. B. 9. 10. 1B50. 4JO. 7 LM: 
11 HM. MM for four voices (Byrd). 

Mtserare mei (Aaewlk a JO Vespers. 

S^ETJ^DRCTA^By Place: li 
HM. Dominica Quinta 

Quadragestmae. !»■ Confessor (Pale- 
strina). In Monte Otive d an^-egoern. 

Aj£^ra=AN r &a^m a ^7V LONDON. 
Wl: li. Rev P A lteon _ 

Klnol Read. Rev WUUvn 

CHURCH. Wl: 11. 6JO. Rev Den 


URcTTavWocis Place. WO: li Rev 

W«Jty Workman: 6-30 Rev John 

therani. Gresham Soeet.EC?: 1 1 KC. 
Rev John Miner. 

Ret. 1 Ronal d C G l&Dons. 
(MethodislX SWI: 11. 630 Rav R 

ham Gate SWI: 11. 6.30 RsvR T 


Television broadcaster and administrator 

Sir Huw Wheldon. OBE, 
MC, who died yesterday at the 
age of 69, was a leading figure 
in the world of television, both 
as a programme maker and as 
an administrator. 

Having joined the BBC as a 
producer in 1952, he proceed- 
ed to place his inimitable 
stamp on a wide ranging and 
influential series of television 
programmes and then rose to 
become, in 1965. the manag- 
ing director of BBC Televi- 
sion, a post be held until 1975. 

Huw Pyrs Wheldon was 
born on May 7, 1916, the 
eldest son of Sir Wynn 
Wheldon, a leading Welsh 
educationist, and educated at 
Friars School. Bangor, and the 
London School of Economics. 
He had taken up an appoint- 
ment with the Kent Education 
Committee in 1939 when the 
war interrupted his career. 

He was commissioned in 
the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in 
1940, and served in North 
West Europe and the Middle 
East with the 1st and 6th 
Airborne Divisions. He was 
awarded the MC in 1944, and 
was engaged at Arnhem. 

In 1946 he became Arts 
Council Director for Wales, 
and later won public recogni- 
tion for his work in connec- 
tion with the Festival of 
Britain, which earned him 
appointment as OBE. But a 
growing interest in film drew 
him towards television, then 
undergoing a revival, and in 
1952 he joined the publicity 
department of the BBC with a 
view to “jumping sideways 
into programmes''. 

He first attracted public 
attention with All Your Own, a 
programme ' for children. 
From the moment he was seen 
-talking to a group of boys 
playing conkers, his personal- 
ity won him to a growing 
audience. A spare, alert figure, 
his good looks animated by a 
certain Punch-like expression 
of countenance, and with a 
bright, questing eye, he carried 
with him an air of authority 
which appeared effortlessly to 
draw attention. 

With Monitor (1958-64) he 
consolidated his position. 
There was much of the essen- 
tial Wheldon in this magazine 
programme of the arts, which 
be both devised and present- 
ed: a readiness to learn and 
enquire rather than to domi- 
neer, a fine use of film, and a 
sensitivity to language. 

Wheldon spoke English, 
which he referred to as his 
“second language" (his first 
being Welsh), with some 
traces of his national inflec- 
tion, and with a verve, lucidity 
and elegance which clearly 
owed much to the Welsh 
culture from which he de- 

rived. It was one ofhis prime 
strengths as a communicator. 

Though Monitor drew some 
barbs as an icon of the 
“middle culture", it captured 
and held a large and varied 
audience - an audience which 
Wheldon described as “a 
small majority, the broad 
cross-section of the pnblic well 
disposed to the arts", for 
whom it extended the fron- 
tiers of appreciation in many 

Wheldon’s talents were to 
find expression in a sequence 
of productions over foe years: 
Men in Battle, Portraits of 
Power, Orson Welles Sketch 
Book and, after his retirement. 
Royal Heritage and Destina- 
tion D-Day. 

In combination with mana- 
gerial capacity, these gifts 
marked him for advancement 
In 1962 he became Head of 
Documentary Programmes, a 
post enlarged to Head of 
Music and Documentary Pro- 
grammes the following year. 
As internal stresses in the 
hierarchy opened vacancies, 
he increasingly appeared as 
foe inevitable dioice for pro- 
motion. From 1965 to 1968 he 
was Controller of Pro- 
grammes. and in foe latter 
year he succeeded Kenneth 
Adam - an early admirer - as 
director of BBC Television, a 
post later re-designated as 
managing director. 

In this command, one of the 
biggest of its kind anywhere, 
he was committed to a trio of 
objectives: to maintain and 
enhance standards, to hold the 
ratings, and to contain costs in 
an inflationary era: and, like 
others before and since, he did 
not always find it easy to 
reconcile the three. Phases of 
retrenchment would give rise 
to union frictions, and to 
complaints of American im- 
portations and repeats in foe 
schedules. Storms of contro- 
versy; a sign of vitality (but- 
also of its hazards), would 
break, as they did for instance 
over Yesterday's Men (1971). 
about the Labour leadership. 

and over an ambitious scries 
entitled The British Empire 

But Wheldon was a protes- 
sionaL with an inner knowl- 
edge of the studio. He was also 
a Celt, infectious in his high 
spirits, coercive in his bursts 
of fire- “Warm' Warm* 
Warm!" he is said to have 
exclaimed, in foe face of a 
said interlocutor. With some 
outstanding colleague s, ly 
kept always in view the prod- 
uct on foe screen as the 
uhimate/ objeaivt, and de- 
fined itS-idcaL in a phrase to 
which he often revetted, “to 
give delight or insight”. 

When he finally retired with 
a knighthood., in 1976',. foe 
BBC could render to the 
Annan Committee, then still 
sitting, an account of its 
television, certainly not com- 
placent. but confident in its 
claims to quality in output, 
and soundness in financial 

Wheldon was on occasion 
referred to as “the last of the 
great actor/ managers", a trib- 
ute tha t might be taken to 
imply a limitation. In the long 
run he is likely to be seen as 
more than that There lay 
behind the performer foe ad- 
ministrator, bearing on occa- 
sion perceptible traces of the 
soldier. No one was less likely 
to inhibit the free play of 
genuine opinion, but he could 
be very direct in cutting what 
he felt to be cackle, or in 
enforcing clarity of decision. 

His capacity for the des- 
patch of business by effective 
chairmanship stood him in 
good stead when, on retire- 
ment. he presided over the 
Court of Governors of his 
alma mater ; the London 
School of Econom ics. 

The Royal Television Soci- 
ety awarded him its Gold 
Medal for services to televi- 
sion in 1976. 1977 saw the 
screening of foe series Royal 
Heritage, which he presented, 
and in foe following year the 
Society awarded him its Silver 
Medal for creative achieve- 
ment in from of foe camera. 
From 1979 to 1985 he was 
President of the Society. 

Beyond broadcasting his in- 
terests spread wide, embracing 
Trusteeships of the National 
Portrait Gallery and of the 
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kettc 
in retirement he did much 
work in connection with edu- 
cational and communications 
bodies on both sides of the 
Atlantic. He was awarded an 
International Emmy in 1981. 

Huw Wheldon was a devot- 
ed family man. In 1956 he 
married - Jacqueline ■ -fylary 
Clarke, who unfailingly sup- 
ported him in his last illness. 
They had one son and two 


Dr Eugen Gerstenmaier, 
who died in Bonn on March 
1 3 at foe age of 79, was one of 
the founding fathers of foe 
Federal Republic of Germany. 
A leading Christian Democrat 
during its first twenty years, he 
was President of foe Bundes- 
tag from 1954 to 1969. 

A Protestant theologian, he 
came into conflict with Na- 
zism in the. 1930s and was 
among those arrested in the 
wake of the abortive attempt 
on the life of Hitler in 1944. 

Gerstenmaier was born in 
Kirchheim, near Stuttgart, on 
August .25, 1906. He left 
school at 14 and worked for 
eight years as a cleric before 
embarking on studies in phi- 
losophy and theology at 
Tubungen University. 

His first dash with Nazism 
came in 1934 when he was 
arrested while still a student. 
His continued opposition to 
the regime cost him a teaching 
post at Berlin University two 
years later, and he turned to 
work in the Evangelical 

His post in foe Church's 
foreign department enabled 
him to travel and make con- 
tact with various churchmen 
abroad during foe Second 
World War, and this later 
enabled him to accelerate foe 
return of many war prisoners. 

During the war he became a 
member of the Evangelical 
resistance group led by Graf 
Moltke which was involved in 
plotting against Hitler. After 
foe failure of the assassination 
attempt on Hiller in June, 
1944, Gerstemmaier was ar- 

rested and sentenced to seven 
years' hard labour. 

However, be regained his 
freedom when foe advancing 
American army arrived at the 
prison camp be had been sent 
to at Bayreuth in Bavaria. 

In the aftermath of the war 
be devoted his energies to foe 
Evangelisches Hi/fswerk 
which, under his leadership, 
became a powerful Protestant 
welfare organisation in Ger- 
many. As an expert in church 
social work he also became foe 
German delegate to the Ecu- 
menical Council of Churches 
in Geneva. 

With his election to the 
founding session of the Bun- 
destag in 1949, however, he 
flung himself into the nascent 
political life of the new repub- 
lic. He was a senior figure in 
the Christian Democratic 
Union and in 1954 became the 
first elected President (Speak- 
er) of the Bundestag. 

Science report 

Harnessing a cloud’s silver lining 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

It never rains but it pours in 
Israel when Professor A vrahaa 
Gagjo turds his attention to the 

As head of the country's 
rainfall enhancement project, be 
has already achieved increases 
Of between 18 and 25 per cent in 
some areas, aBd is ioteraaliuB- 
afly recognized ns a leading 

Now be has perfected a 
method for enlarging rain 
clouds, thereby as much .as 
doubling the rainfall which 
those donds wonM normally 

Such donds in Israeli sides 
are on average no larger verti- 
cally than six to nine kilometres 
and contain up to half a million 
cubic metres of water. The 
project's staff has developed a 
technique for increasing the 
height of the donds by about 1-5 
to 2 kilometres, and doubting 
their raiHfell yield, to more than 
a mi&idn cubic metres. 

Whee the weather radar at the 
project's base at BenGorion 
airport reveals rain clouds 
approaching Israel from over the 
Mediterranean, an aircraft is 
son up to inject Into than, at the 
right time, measured dosages of 
silver iodide or dry ice from 

These ice-forming substances 
freeze foe supercooled water in. 
the clouds. The freezing process 
releases latent heat, which 
canses foe deads to expand and 
to absorb and condense much 
mme water vapour from foe 
sarroandmg air. In this way, an 
ordinary Mediterranean cloud is 
transformed into a much larger 
cloud, ■ containing enormous 
amounts of wafer, which can be 
precipitated as rain. 

Although fois technique was 
invented by American scientists, 
it had been abandoned because it 
did not produce foe required 
results. How ever , Professor 
Gagin, of the Hebrew 

University's department of at- 
mospheric sciences, and col- 
leagues found the critical] 
moments and the p recise 
tity of diy ice or silver L 
particles needed to trigger 
dood-inflating and 
process. _ 

Th ey discovered that 
were a critical five mini 
during which a particular 
tity of material had to be s*i 
into foe donds, and A k 
nfbwmmt of foe tec 
which, has doubled foe 

Most of the doad__ 
«*med out ever foe north 
Israel, where • the clouds 
larger and the climate 
suitable for rain Mihan^ 

efferts.The chief aim b to 
annual rainfall m tana L 
swh as Lake Kianouf, 
country's' main water ’ 

The success of Che. 
«™8«nent project 
awakeued American 


-V ! 

: Y. 

He was an early supporter of 
West Germany's first post-war 
leader. Chancellor Adenauer. 
Though as the latter's period 
of office drew oil he was not 
above making policy speeches 
which diverged markedly 
from foe opinions ofhis chief, 
and suggoted to observers 
that he saw himself as a 
candidate for foe chancellor- 
ship. His name was also 
mentioned in this- context 
during the stewardship of 
Adenauer's successor. Dr Er- 

Statesman as wefl as politi- 
cian, Gerstenmaier was fer- 
vent for reconciliation with 
Germany's wartime enemies 
and was one of Germany's 
earliest champions of Europe- 
an unity. He also visited Israel 
as part of West Germany’s 
post-war campaign to. seek 

In January. 1969, however, 
bis political career came dra- 
matically to an end when he 
resigned the Presidency of the 
Bundestag after a period of 
public criticism over his ac- 
ceptance of monetary com- 
pensation for losses of salary 
he had sustained during foe 
Nazi period, though critics 
conceded that his receiving 
compensation was completely 

No stigma attached itself to 
him after his resignation, and 
though his participation in 
public life was at an -end he 
remained a respected figure, 
writing his memoirs and ap- 
pearing periodically on televi- 
sion. 7 




-t T'f' 

i.i 3 BdO! 3 : 

« • ; *C j 
v,^- ! 



\ h 




March 15-21, 1986 

A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Paul Co* 00 




festival season 

" S' • V 

r-k* v ~ "■ > dTt L-: 

S ~ xt. , Hi - '{ •— • j J sf •. •- . 1 

,. =r f •■-,«?• ^ £A <■ ■ . T=MS*.VV 

Every "conceivable taste in music and 
.-• drama is catered for som ewhere 
along the global culture trail. 
Bernard Levin absorbs the atmosphere 
in the first of a two-part series 

I once. heard the same 
piece of music 16 times 
in a day, and what is 
more; it wasn't a very 
good piece in the first 
place. This curious or- 
deal took place at the Royal 
Albert Jialh I had been des- 
patched there (I was in my 
very first job as a journalist) to 
write about the Festival of 
Brass Bands, and 1 happened 
to hil ' lhe day when the 
championship was being de- 
ckled, with its inevitable spe- 
cially written test-piece that all 
the contestants had to play. 
That must be hard to beat; 

not impossible, though, for 
there is an annual ukulele 
Festival in Honolulu. But by 
now, it would not surprise me 
in the least to learn that there 
is a festival devoted entirely to 
performances on the Jew's 
Harp or the tambourine, and 
another where nothing, is 
heard but the compositions of 
Henri Duparc, whose entire 
oeuvre consists of 16 songs. 
(After composing them, the 
poor fellow went mad. proba- 
bly not from overwork). 

For there are literally thou- 
sands of festivals in the world, 
even if you leave out the 
pageants and processions, cus- 
toms and ceremonies, and 
confine the definition to those 
which give performances of 
music and drama. And ft is 
impossible to imagine any 
taste m those two noble aits 
that is not catered foe some- 
where in; the world at an 
annual festival ' 

Do you want to ooncrattraie 
on the music of onectomposer, 
or at most two? Then you can . 
have Bach at Ansbach. Bruck- 
ner at Linz; Schubert at 
Hohenems, Mozart anp 
Richard Strauss at Salzburg, 
Menotti at Spoleto. Verdi at 
Verona, Briuen at . Aldebrngh 
and that man whose name I 
never can remember at Bay- 

Shan't tell you. or you’ll go 
and crowd the place out and 
spoO iL 

Festival-going is a habit 
acquired almost entirely since 
the Second World War, Salz- 
burg existed before it, as did 
Bayreuth, but very few others. 
Edinburgh was founded in 
1947, and all over the world, 
as country after country 
realised that tourism was go- 
ing to be an essential part of 
their economies,, new ones 
sprang up overnight; they are 
still doing so. 

But the festival-goer does 
not think about the prosperity 
he is bringing with him (ex- 
cept perhaps in Salzburg, 
where he is obliged to bring a 

C deal of prosperity with 
if he wants the best stalls 
at the opera, for they will set 
him back not less than £80 a 

Whatever the visitor's effect 
on the local economy, it is 
pleasure that he seeks. But as 
every festival patron .knows, 
the pleasure of music and 
theatre at a festival is subtly 
but crucially different from 
the pleasure of the same 
performances and performers 
at home. Why? 

First, of course, we are 
usuaily on holiday if we are at 
a festival With work left 
behind, we are far more ready 
to enjoy the festival pro- 
gramme, fer less pressed for 
lime; we have had a day of 
V sightseeing or walking, sitting 

at cafe tables or watching the 






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river go by. We are in a mood 
to enjoy the evening’s perfor- 
mance even, before. 4t has 
begun; more, we are^ in a^ mood 

to go deeper into the music or 

the play, to surrender more 
completely to the power of art, 
and its benisons. - . 

. Or do vou want a festival 
where the tone is set by a 
performer? Casals, alas, is 
silent, so it is no use going to 
Prades to hear him; but there 
is still Rudolf Scrkm at Mart- 
boro. Gidon Kiemcr at 
Lodcenhaus. Martti Talvela at 
Savodinna. Do you seek a 
place that is all bustle and stir, 
and roaring energy? -Go to 
Hrmg Kong. Do you long for 
peace and quiet and Georgian 
eimnee? Bath for you. Would 
you care ro see 500 plays *n 
three weeks? That is what the 
Edinborgh Fringe now 
amounts to. HangrgJidmg al- 
ter the: matinee? Aspe n. U n^ 
spcakably talented child ren q l 
eiaht years and upwards. 
Banff. The maddest hotel in 
the worid? San Lins Obispo, 
and stay at the Madonna Inn. 

Must you be on watei? Choose 

between BregenzaiKl Lucctuc- 
Two independent fonvata m 
one place? Santa . Fe (opo? 

wd chamber moaej. An andt- 

ence.'of 17,000? The Holly- 
wood BowL Three-star food? 

A nd it is not just 
us. It would be _a 
poor . festival if 
the artists did not 
enter into the 
same spirit of. 
joyous expectation; again and 
again, in my years of festival- 
going, I have seen and beard 
performers' produce more 
than theirbest. inspiredby the 
. occasion, and rising to it. 

. Besides, the performances, 
in anv rate in the principal 
festivals, are likely to bea- 
g] iuer with stars, and for all 
ihai we condemn the star 
system at home, we tend to 
think its effects less pernicious 

when we are revelling in them 

abroad and at a festival 

pitality of Wexford, the 
unique, mysterious magic of 
Glyndeboume - all these qual- 
ities of all these places would 
draw a visitor in search of 
happiness and peace even if 
they didn’t have a single stage 
or concert-platform among 

Hilary Finch offers a guide to the 

pick of the European attractions 


Then . again, very many 
festival venues are beautiful 
and historic cities; the world 
beat a path to Salzburg long 
before the Festival came into 
bring, and the Medicis caused 
quite a stir in Florence with- 
out the Maggio Musicale. 

The craggy grandeur of 
Edinburgh, the white stone 
and parasols of Adelaide, the 
happy informality of 
Tangfewood, the astounding 
palaces of Newport, Rhode 
Island, the overwhelming hos- 

But they have. And whether 
you wear evening dress, as at 
Salzburg, or an open-necked 
shin, as at Barcelona, whether 
you see Aida with real ele- 
phants at the Baths of Caracal- 
la, or hear Schubert's C M^jor 
Quintet in the beautiful draw- 
ing-room at Hohenems in 
company with not more than 
300 other people (because that 
is all the place will hold), 
whether you are willing to go 
to .Bayreuth and sit on the 
most uncomfortable seats in 
the world from teatime to 
bedtime, or prefer to go to 
Aix-en-Provence and get 
rained on in the open-air- 
courtyard, whether you seek 
your Festival at Florence or 
Fishguard. Avignon or 
Abergavenny, Helsinki or 
Haslemere, you will find your- 
self • using a wondrous 
arithmetic, by die use of which 
you can add up exhilaration, 
art. sunshine, serenity, wine, 
applause and beauty, and find 
that, however many times you 
repeat the calculation, it al- 
ways comes to fer more than 
.the sum of its parts. 


One of the earnest Bveliost and 
thoroughly Hungarian of 
festivals, the focus of this 
year's 1 ,000 events in over 1 00 
venues is the centenary of the 
death of Liszt staged - 
performances of his Wa Cruds 
and Requiem will be given in 
the Castle Theatre, with 
evenings of orchestral and 
chamber conceits and piano 
recitals, performances of 
Dostoevsky's The Devils. 

. Meistersinger and Emanl are 
backed up by 28 widely varied 
exhibitions and an extensive 
folklore programme. Events 
will also be held at Sopron on 
the western border and at the 
town of Szentendre. 

March 14-23, 1145 Budapest, 
Korong u.29, P Box 1441 Pf 
41, Hungary (010-36 835 380). 

opera events see June). 
Menuhin, Kramer and Mlntz 
start the festival's Great 
Violinists of the World series; 

In the heady air of the Haute- 
Savoie. this spa town presents 
a week of Jeunes musicians 
sans frontier es — 

performances by young 
musicians from all over t 

and there will be performances 
from the Groupe vocale de 

from, the Groupe vocale de 
France, L’ensemWe de 
Bruxelles, and the American 
percussionist Robyn 


April 29-July 1: Teatro 
Comunale, Via Solterino 15, 

world. Guest artists include 
Christa Ludwig. Anne- Sophie 
Mutter, Murray Perahia and 
Mstislav Rostropovich. The 
1 1th International String 
Quartet competition runs from 
May 10-14, with a prize 
winners' concert on May 16. 

Wien. Hamburg's Studio; 
Milletre presenting Mozart's 
Die Cans von Kairo, a film 
retrospective on Mythos 
Mozart-Mythos Oper , the 
Circus Roncalli. and five weeks 
of concerts .. Seder recitals and 
. chamber music.- 
May 9-June 15: Wiener 
FestwochBn, Friedrich- 
Schmidy Piatz 4, A-1080 Wien 
(010-43 42804). 

accommodation and city tours. 
Prices from £232. Cedok, 17- 
18 Old Bond Street London 
W1X4RB (01-629 6058). 

Founded by Neapolitan 
violinist. Salvatore Accardo. 
this festival has chamber 
music-making at its heart The 
major performances at the 
Teatro San Carlo take place 
against a lively background of 
concerts and open rehearsals, 
involving young musicians 
from all over the world. As well 
as its French focus this year 
(Chausson. Debussy. Faure, 
Ravel played in the beautiful 
18th century Villa Pignatelli). 
the centenary of the death of 
Liszt will be celebrated in a 
concert performance of his 
opera Don Sanche. Weber's 
bicentenary, is feted .in an. 
open-air performance of his 
orchestral work. Battle and 
Victory, in what is always an 
exciting climax to the festival at 
the Castel Sant' Elmo. 

May 14-31: Settimane Musicali 
Intemazionali, Piazza dei 
Martin 58. 80121 Naples (010- 
39 81 406011). 
One of Sweden's, and. indeed, 
the world's most attractive and 
musicologically significant 
festivals, held in the 18th- 
century Court Theatre, where 

Florence (010-39 55 262841). 
Sovereign offers a seven-night 

May 8-18: Chateau de Blonay. 
74500 Evian, France (010- 
33 5075 03 79). Special 
festival holidays, taking in 
accommodation and festival 
tickets, are organised by the 

r, l m„k C.n,n- ininrmutin 

Malta Hotel. 

Mozart claimed that only the 
people of Prague really 
understood him, and this is, 
indeed, one of the most 
attractively planned and 

presented eastern European 
festivals. Now in its 40th year, 
the emphasis is on Czech 
music and musicians, laced 
with international artists. 
Highlights this year include 
evenings of song from Peter 
Schreier and Sviatoslav 
Richter. Marilyn Home and 
Martin Katz; a choral evening 
of “Bohemian Singers' 

Homage to Life and Peace": 
Liszt's Legend of St Elisabeth 
performed by the Prague 
Philharmonic in St Vitus 
Cathedral; the Czech 
Philharmonic under Sir Charles 
Mackerras in a programme of 
Janacek and Martinu; and a 
violin recital by Joseph Suk. 
May 12-June 1: Dum Umeiou. 
AJsovo Nabrezi 12, CS-1 1001 . 
Prague (010-42 231 9281). 
Cedok. the Czechoslovak 
travel bureau, offers a four-day 
and one-week package to 
include tickets to festival 
events, transport, half-board 

Royal Club Evian: information 
and reservations from Leading 
Hotels Of The World. 15 New 
Bridge Street, London EC4V 
6AU (01-563 3050). 


The major Italian festival of 
concerts, opera and ballet at a 
wealth of beautiful venues. The 
festival opens with the Paris 
production of Berio's opera, La 
vera storia, conducted by the 
■composer (for other major 


Moscow's three main theatres 
are taken over by nights of 
Pushkin, Gogol,- Chekhov, with 
Glinka's Russian and Ludmit/a 
at the Bolshoi and concerts of 
Prokofiev and Kabalevsky at 
the Nemirovich-Danchenko. 
Chamber music concerts, 
dance and ensembles and 
evenings of old Russian choral 
' music at the former 



This year's festival features 
“Britain in Vienna" with the 

National Theatre's Yonadab. 
exhibitions of modem British 
art, design, music, and a 
British fringe of dance, art. film 
and drama. A vast and varied 

programme of opera, theatre 
ana concerts includes: 
Leoncavallo’s Der Bajazzo at 

Znamensky Cathedral. 

May 5-13: Information from 
Intourist (Moscow) Ltd, 292 
Regent Street London W1R 

the Kammeroper; Die Weise 
von Liebe und Tod ties 

-580 1221). qr71 

Deansgate. Manchester M3 
2BW (061-834 0230). 

WUI t M— Ibi/W 

Cornetts Christoph Rilke at the 
Schonbrunner Schlosstheatre; 
Sir John Pritchard conducting 
Cosi Fan Tutte, directed by Luc 
Bondy at the Theater an der 

Turn to page 24 and 
put the pages together 
for a pin-up guide 

J l a 3 *! 



16th MARCH 
9.30 am to 6.00 pm 



Rembrandt /®/ 
Hood / 

The State Room 

11 Thurioe Place. London SWT 

This is our final sale of the 
MUST GO - Your last chance 

to buy your fur garments at 


We are clearing out our 

entire stock of furs 


Access'Visa .Amex Diners and personal cheques accepted. 
Export orders VAT refundable. 

Budget Furs S3 

UNIQUE OFFER Fully stranded mink 

coats £999. SAVE £1,700!! 

Mink Coats - £319 
Blue Fox Coats -S»40 
Musquash Jackets - £145 

Silver Fox Coats - £650 Fur-lined Raincoats - £1 20 

Silver Fox Jackets - £349 

Fox Jackets - £99 

'•.I* . 

High life on the 
ocean wave 

W\r ■ liiis year both theGIub 18- 
^5* ■ . 30 and Thomson Sum-' 

■ raer Sun brochures 

a '-*- featured windsurfing on 
-their front covers. Thomson used 
more than 60 wimburfing pictures 
3^5 in its brochure with captions such 
as “windsurfing available”. 
£3 Windsurfing features strongly, 
too, in the re-nin Thomson Free- 
style television commercials. 
Maybe someone at Thomson 
-> “ does “do it sanding up”. More 
probably, eager marketing teams 
- saw the sport's favourable young 
imagp helping sell the company's 
55 s * holidays. However, the equipment 
i/' featured in many of these images 
is. in the rapidly-developed world 
w-k of windsurfing, literally from the 
o Aik. Old, inappropriate equip- 
• 7 * meat on holiday beaches is a 
r«*jS common problem and this, com- 
■rr : bined with indifferent “laid bade” 
instruction, has led many to 
believe windsurfing is difficult — 
'is or only the domain of 
Ramboesque men. 

-- in many places people are 
"* having to use equipment that in 
rr 1 comparison to skiing would be 
represented by 8ft skis with lace- 
... up boots and wire bindings. I have 
frequently seen holiday-makers' 
LJ~ attempts frustrated by the “ice 
* *• rink" effect of accumulated layers 
‘ v ■ on the board of stale Hawaiian 
— Tropic. A bit of instructor-motiva- 
tion with Ajax would solve this. 

For those of you who didn’t 
' even get the sail out of the water — 
.*2f h was probably the long boom- 
- t«. type sail that features on 
Thomson's front cover which 
Sj,i hindered you. Lighter, shorter 
>vy. booms now prevent this. That 
other source of hilarity lo on loo k- 
;.;y ere, the separating mast to board 
connection, is now guaranteed by 
;■? most manufacturers not to pop 
•>»- out. 

Windsurfing has bad a rapid 
v«i evolution. It is now maturing, and 

World champion 
Ben Oakley 
advises on all aspects 
of windsurfing 
for both experts 
and beginners 

stability, in aD senses of the 
worcUs nearing. 

The novelty of seeing 
windsurfers in Southern France 
has now worn off and you can now 
hire equipment in almost every 
location where Europeans holi- 
day. Larger hotels often own 
boards, and in popular areas rental 
operations have appeared on the 

But here lies the catch, since the 
location of such centres (hotel and 
private) is not governed by the 
suitability of windsurfing condi- 
tions, but more by where most 
tourists happen to plant them- 
selves on the beach. 

I n those circumstances, begin- 
ners haven't got a chance. 
This often happens in much 
of Mediterranean Spain. 
There, there is often a brisk wind 
blowing directly onshore causing 
difficult, choppy conditions for 
the novice. Also, since many 
schools are on crowded beaches, 
the water is teeming with ducking, 
diving and jumping bodies who 
make navigation as dangerous as a 
driving lesson in rush-hour Cen- 
tral London. 

Keeping clear of such beaches is 
highly recommended as are “user 
friendly” seabeds — sand being 
less abrasive than rock. Many 
Greek islands provide the safest 
learning conditions, with enclosed 

sandy bays providing fiat, safe 

There are a number of, perhaps 
inevitable, comparisons with ski- 
ing, Both sports rely on balance 
skills and attract similar clientele. 
Instruction is a common priority, 
both for safety as well as 
posture. Instructional standards 
vary, of course, and if there is a 
choice perhaps a discreet survey 
behind sun glasses and book could 
pay dividends. 

Since 1983 the national author- 
ity, the Royal Yachting Associa- 
tion (RYA) have been training 
instructors to a very high stan- 
dard. German qualified instruc- 
tors (VDWS) are also good, 
although some find them rather 
stemJust as shorter-4ength skis 
are used for instruction, smaller 
sails are a pre-requisite for nov- 
ices. A beginner's sail should not 
be larger than Ssq tn, with smaller 
sails for stronger winds or lighter 
people. In well-equipped centres, 
children’s lightweight rigs of 2sq m 
are often available. 

Don’t just turn up hoping me 
standards will be reasonable; book 
with a tour operator which active- 
ly promotes windsurfing as a 
component of its holidays, or 
which specializes in windsurfing 

Some companies , such as 
Stmmed, which has a number of 
locations in Greece, offer “free 
windsurfing with tuition". Its 
clients “irrespective of accommo- 
dation booked have access to free 
windsurfing". Beware This type 
of arrangement is often inade- 
quate since the “access" can refer 
to three boards with old-style sails 
at the back of the beach tavema 
with Adonis, the overworked to- 
man as instructor. 

It seems the free windsurfing 
that some companies offer is 
laigdy a promotional tooL When 
each board costs £300-£500 and 

1 * : -V ! '- K - 


Treading the board: a windsurfer performs a skftfol balancing act in dramatfcsgrrocitdmgs 

with constant use needs replacing 
after a season, small numbers of 
boards tend to be kept for long 
periods to make the marketing 
venture cost-effective. 

Another type of package where 
windsurfing is offered is as one of 
the many activities in a dub 
atmosphere, for example with 
Qub Med, Mark Warner. Peter 
Stuyvesant and the recent 18-30 

C lub holidays normally 
have good equipment, 
although they might 
prove rather restrictive to 
more experienced sailors. With an 
average of only one board for 
every three guests, there are 
sometimes queues for boards, but 
the widespread availability of 
other activities normally prevents 

Obviously the best standards 
are offered by the specialist com- 
panies which have one board for 
each guest and employ good 
instructors. Board hire at these’ 
centres ranges from £50 - £70 per 
week and is either budgeted into 
the holiday or charged as an extra. 
If you want high standards and 
guaranteed use of a board, go for 
one of these. 

With an estimated 130,000 
windsurfers in the UK, there is 
also a -demand for holidays for 
advanced windsurfers who often 
prefer to take their own specialist 
equipment Consistent strong 
winds are difficult to guarantee 
but Barbados, the Canary Islands, 
Turkey and Tarifa (Spain) all have 
strong wind seasons. Beware of the 
advertisements such as “Wave 
jumping in Portugal - guaranteed 

winds force 4/6 inshore every 
week”; It only has to blow Force 4. 
once a week to justify thewords. 

Organizing- air travel with 
boards and 14ft masts is best left 
to the specialists. Airlines p refe r 
the shorter, two-piece’ masts, and 
British Caledonian, BWIA, Bri- 
tannia'' Han Air are ail 
particularly understanding- Only . 
the British Airways group refuses 
to transport boards. 

At the other end. Customs often 
require a deposit to discourage 
you from selling the equipment. 
The deposit is normally a percent- 
age of the cost of the board. 

Ben Oakley has windsurfed in ' 
seven countries and recently be- 
came Mistral World Champion. 
He travelled to China recently to 
train their Olympic team. 



Fateoo SaMng. 33 
Netting m Gatfl.t QQdon W11 
- 3 JQ (01-727 S232J. Market 
teadere, wto operatfi in Turkey 

standards. Ah staff RYA 

fifiaorca $«®*Sk 2S7 Breen 
Lane&Pafoiers Groan, London 
N134XT {Ot-886 7103/882 
3925}. We8 estebfefwd 
company which operates 

from kfeafiHocated centre m a 
sheltered Minorcan Bay. 

Groves Travel 736 Green 
Lanes. London N21 3RE <01- 
360 2201). Essentially a 
saSna company wdWch last 

vrindsurfaig. Operates from 
Greek mainland . 

Tbe Caribbean AJtenwtive. 
70 Pembroke Road, London 
W86NX (01-602 S035). 

by virtue of running Club 
AfetraJ Holidays. Wide 

selection of locations as • 
round the world. Caters for all 
standards, but most • 
locations suit experienced 

Lsgooa Windsurf Tours. 

<0403 51304). Specialists hr the 
islands of Fuertwrentura & 
Lanzarote in the Canaries. 
Best to take own board. 


To help you choose a 
suitable resort tor windsurfing, 
here are a few pertinent 

questions you sftoi&J ask the 
tour operator 

#How many boards does 
the centre have m relation to 
the number of windsurfing 

•What type of boards and 
safe are they and for what 
standard of windsurfer are 
they suitable? 

•What are the focal 
conditions fike -are they • 
suited to beginners, 
intermediates or advanced 
sailors? A ' 

begmners/advanced mix is 
almost tmpossfote to find. 

» Overseas Travel 





The Beach Club 

It’s the land of place where you can 
hear the sea outside the window. 


Where you can sail, windsurf and 
waterski to your heart’s content because 
it's free. 

Where sail shoes and shorts are the 
order of the day. (And most of the nights 
for that matter.) 

Where good bistro food and unlimited 
wine fill the tables. 

And friendly conversation fills the air. 


Mark Warner has five exclusive beach 
Clubs in all these destinations. - 


Fully- inclusive one week holidays from £2 

Call 01-938 1851. 



The highest 
standards in the Med. 


• Depart your local airport, 1 night Vancouver, 2 nights Honoblii, 
7 nights Sydney, 1 (tight Perth, 3 nights Bangkok. 
Inclusive of ntehts + 1st Class Hotels. 

• Just one of the possibifities for your Americas Cup Tow. 
Fufi colour brochure: 


7 Pipe Lao«JBristdL1dk(b272}27742S. Open 7 days a week. 

. GZBafaigarS^, LondofUeMOl) 9304 751. 'TP 


. For driaQ*. contact ftralHar 
m. Irlalt TourtM Board. ISO 
New Bend SmC- Lo n do n 


The lowest cost flights 

Edrocheck Travel 
01-542 4613 ” 
01-543 4227 

. Estab 1970 

JotaiW £300 £46 5 


cam £130 £300 

Lagot £235 £335 

XM/Born £3» £340 

Bangkok UW £530 

AiioAsian TravefSd 

102/168 Resent St W.I. 
TO; W-6OT «Sre/C/V/t 



Nairobi. jo’Bnrg. Calm. Du- 
bai- ManbUL Singapore. KX- 
Oftm. Bangkok. Hong Kcpo. 
Sydney. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel. 
3 Mow Quebec SL Marble 
Arch London WiH 700, 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-13.00 

spam. Portugal. onto, 

FitgMi from mm UK amnra. 
Many lair special offers. FaJdor 
or 471 0047 A TOC 1640 

AcTVfcBL . 

Tbor in Europe this year with jour car 
Choose from an extensive range of 
2, 3 and 4 star hotels for 2 nights or 

And travel wife Sally Hois superb 
ferries to France. 

' Phone OMn WOO for a FREE 
brochure or contact your local travel 

agent now! 

new low r«n 

AbUttan Sananatt' 
Freetown" - K "Lumpur 
Lagoa Bangkok 

Manarovta "Bombay 
Bahrain Karachi 

Jeddah . Dadd 
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Tokyo ..Kuwah 

' rUBJtBWffl •• 

Dsmmne on choue/mm 

u Curape, USA 8 mo« deailflfr 
uom. DMOnwt Tiwk 01730 


Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London to Basle 
(except Sundays). 

Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Book ings and full con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-4394144. 


FROM £109 

MALAGA 27/3 £129 3/A £109 
AUCANTl 27/3 £13A 4/4 £114 
PALMA 26/3 E11B 
EAAT 19/3 £179 2/4 £179 

I9ZA2&31/3 E17S 

•y/i i : [t 

01-486 9356 



TraveiwtM Oi 441 mi. 

TiwcMu. OI -441 


blamb 01 U6 4383. ATOL 

USA from £99. Malar tnveL OI 
4BS 5237. LATA 


vtsttua friends and icUmm? 
Then canacfiH for low BUD- 
' OCT f«H-Fiw brochures 
from Same Travel Service. 42 
High SmeL. Kings LdMMy. 
Herts. Phone (09277) 61260. 
Ooea 7. days. ABTA membv. 
flstf. Menorca. Villas Age 
- Pensions Tavernas. Holidays A 
ntghb Smnwr / Winter Bro- 
chure* Mokinn only direct 
from The SecciattsM. Ventura 
Holidays. Tel 01260 1369. 
HOT TURKEV. 13 berth oewed 
BHUr wU from £1X300 B-w. 
ktytUc private beach hoM ft 
£33000 <2 weeks. Inc OU Free 
wa ns sum tv with both. 01-326 
1006. ATOL 2091 

sifiFLT TURKEY. Dbmeer the 
tnmi. Hove the crowds oentnd 
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a beauMol & noaxtame coun- 
try. Diases Uie myth. RU>9 hr 
our emu friendly brochure. 
01-747 lOli. 

ADcants ES7 
Malaga £66 
Boa ES9 
Tenerife £115 
Las Palmas £106 
Faro £84 
Malta £75 
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Crete £106 
Italy £70 
Plus JiSBiy more 
Car Mm 

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Open Sundays 

01 - 5800722/6713 




0604 24826 

LONDON 01 72412601 
WEST 0291 690077 
NORTH061 445 2991 1 

UJL. I&jHalays 

IUCME CAM br ymvsl TSn lux- 
■jrWxn motor diesel yacht tying 
Mediterranean. Weekly darter 
or private parties. Contact Lm 
Stevens 0273 27713 


j Indulge j 
I in a magic j 
I weekend | 

I lndulgeyourself... you | 
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THE BEST HUM an ki Ow 
Panner A Parker blue book. 
Available In Algarve. Marbella. 
South of Franca. USA. it West 
indies. Most ftave-staff. an have 
private pools A none are cheap. 
Brodrare* 1049 48U B41& 

prices i A 2 wks houets A ants. 
Ran World Hod OI 734 2fi£2 
(736 2464 after 4pm it Sun) 
TUNISIA For that perfect Hobday 
wtii, sunny days it c a re fr ee 
MgMs. ideal for March/AprO. 
Tunntan TraveL 01-373 4411. 
ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga etc. 
Dlmond Travel ATOL 1783, 
OI-S81 4641. Horsham 68641 

SWITZERLAND Scfcodded flights 
01-724 2388 ABTA AT0t__ 


dRcount lares OTC 01-602 

■mjlOIKA, TEOTfOFl^ Creek Is- 
lands. Algarve . vnias Aacs 
Penww Taveritas. Hobdays & 
Fngtite. Summer / W infer Bro- 
chures. bookings only area 
from. The SpectetMs. Ventura 
Holidays. Td 0742 31100. 

NK FIMits. 
g»«ial|W«g in First A Chib 
cuss A E con omy to Australia. 
T* Eart. 8. Africa. USA. Lis- 
• 52: F* ? * OenevA Phone 
Travel centra oi-dSd 7026 

p 1 *"' • ' iViV" t' fi l w ; ? l >; | h.H il , i L | 


B B> Luxury private home on 
bench, pool patio, t enama. a 
bednns. SUM 10-13. Iran £60 
ppw. (0735 266142. 

MCE. O fnlfes A/P Supert View. 
VMa art In parkland o/looMng 
BateDes Anges. Sdble bed*. 3 
bOKjMW Mag room, own 
pooLTerr. a can. Access in 
Ctub with Otyimlc Pool. Ten- 
nis. rastaoraaM eac. AvaiL May 
31 £1200 B-w. June & Sept 
£1900 P-W. July Aug. Tel: Pe- 
ters 01-436 6436 

COTE D'AZUR. Nr. Cannes, new- 
ly built Bat 6 rooms, known 
and 3 bathrooms. Otyromc 
s/pooL tennis courts, etc. AvaiL 
until July 18th. £400 P.w. July. 
£300 p-w. ollwr periods. 01- 
723 6677. 

CUTE D'AZUR Lovely old nod 
terra house In terraced oltve 
grove. View Mod. ISiutncoasL 
« dm beds. 2 bath. Pool 9 Aug- 
6 Sent £600 p w inc want 
service. Tak OWMMB. 

FRUVEffCS. Between St RerrarA 
Les Bara. Small tne. Me POOL 
sips 4-6. 1 acre wonderful soen- 
anr- Fran £160 p.w. AvaU 17 
May to 28 Juno. 5-19 July, is 
Sept to Nov. TW 01-940 666a 

Med 16 km- Fine, mod Wda. 
ten ac e o looks m ou nt ains, vh- 
Wee. vtneyaids. coast- Sins 6/7. 
2 baths. FT £200 p.w. 01-436 

*T TROPEZ Luxury home, se- 
cluded vbuorands. 3 km 
beaches. Aooom. 8. Pool Igc 
gdn. Services. From 

FFlOiOOOirw. July Sort. Tek Ol- 
937 2706 or 0793-770161. 

Corfu & Paxos 

fordXBem m a n i Uv l H gtjai wn i st R 
ooCorfa orFknaertfte i nuaitw 
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Ring tody {OSS3)30«a «TOL1S79 

Rhodes. 26/3 Iwfc. £179.- no 
extras. (09Z31 

778344/771266. T i m aw a y 
Hobdays. ra ckraans wen h . 

Herts. ABTA/ ATOL 1107. 

The unique fennels of the south- 
west, km tar relaxing breaks in 
spring, early summer or autrenn, 
wtti a tranqua a tmo s pher e . Nature 
is bountiM by fend, sea and air in 
this remark ab le env ir o nment Most 
types of accomodation are availaMe 
withta the fetandSu 

J^pcrtosctediroraad accomodanoo M snrt »p 

•ret Ty Trwb Hair St Mary's, 
. Ww of ScOr TR21 OLW 
• • <®7»-22S3C) 



Take a break ai the be- 
ginning of May and stay 
in one of MEOfPS 
good value vines or 

apartments and celebrate 
Easier in Greece: 

See the Islands ai their 
best, when Bowers, sun 
and blue skies abound. 

Phone us now for a bro- 
chure: PetetfekHd (0730) 
66561 (24 hours) or see 
your travel agent. 

Villa Holidays 


1ZNERVR pl Aaoleas. lux 
studio apart, accm 2+z. Prtm 
Beach CMb. Poor, rtsuomufe 
etc. £300 Itor 2 w e eks. Apr 18- 
May 2 01-435 8379 

TEMDUTE Lm Crtsaamn aew 
haaday lpartUMH t deem «. 
pool bar rronunnu an year am 
Tei 0380 6601 wedurato 


. Catered Chato PartiCT . 


Pttaite. &pbcq pca 
and Tallies 


InctuBwe Fbkhts 
Food fed Wine 
„ . */c~£149 
RrogOl 370 0999 


Vl 11 " - l -JM . J i 

,i , Z|f w l l ,.. -- 


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Heir to a 

A whiff of spice on the Atlanta 
breeze can conjure up Lisbon’s 
exotic past, Ondy Selby writes 

The novelist Henry Fiddas 
called Lisbon ”tfte nastiest city 
in the world". But he was no 
robust Tom Jones when he 
said h. He had come to balmy 
Lisbon to recover his health 
and actually lost ft entirely — 
dying in 1754 in a dty that 
may, indeed, have had some 

tiai facades of Brazilian gold. 

In any case, Lisbon was 
devastated a year later' by an 
appalling earthquake. It 
Claimed 40,000 lives and 
wiped out the heart of the city. 
Only the upper quartets of 
AJfema and Bairro Alto sur- 
vived. The rest were rebuilt 
along classical tines. So the 
present - capital bears little 
resemblance to the Lisbon, 
berated .by Fielding. 

Visitors today see a city of 
elegant squares and avenues, 
coupled with some curiosities 
from the 1920s — mosaic 
pavements, art nouveau cates. 
Yet there are stiD a few 
medieval labyrinths and the 
site is as grand as ever — on a 
switchback of hills overlook- 
ing the broad River Tagus. To 
the east lie the docks in a 
sheltered estuary, to the west, 
the coastal resorts of Estoril 
and Cascais. Both make good 
bases for travellers in search of 
Atlantic ozone and access to 

The pent of Lisbon was once 
the most flamboyant in the 
world. In the 16th century, 
navigators like Vasco da 
Gama set sail for India and 
China and returned home 
laden with gems, silks and 
spices. The hub of activity was 
Belem, Lisbon's westernmost 
district, which luckily suffered 

little damage from the 1 755 
earthquake. So the buildings 
raised on the proceeds and 
in celebration — of the discov- 
eries are largely intact. 

Most arresting is the Tower 
of Belem . — a graceful L- 
shaped fortress jutting out to 
sea. It comes complete with 
drawbridge, dungeons, turrets 
and views. From the tower 
one can stroll to the Jer onimos 
Monastery, an exquisite build- 
ing of pale grey stone. .The 
cloisters are famous for their 
double-decker structure, em- 
bellished with delicate carv- 
mgs ef ropes and shells. The 
maritime theme continues 
next door at the Naval Muse- 
um and on the water itself 
where skittish dinghies race 
about under the prow of a 
concrete ship — the Monu- 
ment to the Discoveries. 

Seafood, of course, features 
on every menu. I tried arroz 
de marisco — a delicious stew 
of rice and shellfish served 
steaming in an earthenware 
pot Hie bill for that — and 
cheese, coffee, a bottle of vinho 
verde -came lo just £3.80, a 
fairly typical price. The small, 
informal restaurants in the 
narrow streets of the Bairro 
Alto are the most popular. 
This is also the home of fado, 
Portugal’s distinctively plain- 
tive singing, accompanied by 
12-string guitars. It's per- 
formed nightly in fado houses 
and is much patronized by the 
lisboetas — but visitors are 
welcome . . . ' 

Despite a population 
nearing 1.5 million, Lisbon 
has little of the underlying 
violence of many cities of its 
size. Even at night, most areas 

Of masts and men: the Monument to the Discoverers in Lisbon harbour 

are safe: In Aifama, however, 
you're sure to get lost. It is a 
chaos of crooked streets, cob- 
bled stairways and tilting 
houses — their balconies 
crammed with birds in rages, 
flowers in pots and grannies in 
black. Washing-lines zigzag 
across the alleys like bunting 
for a camivaL Aifama even 
sounds festive: church bells 
peal; children squat on door- 
steps holding anima ted con- 
versations; fishwives proclaim 
their wares with long, lusty 

deAbrit ^ I 
«\ v 51 mfle 

1 spent a long weekend at 
Quinta da Mannha, a new 
country club near Cascais 
offering prime fiudlities for 
sports and self-ratering. Be- 
tween the pine trees are 40 
villas, each with an open 
fireplace and its own garden. 
There is swimming, tennis, 
golf (on an 18-hole course) 
and riding. A day trek with 
lunch in a monastery costs £1 5 

For the same price you 
could hire a car for a day — if 


Suntoure run weekend 
breaks to Lisbon, flying out 
from Heathrow on Fri 
evening and returning home at 
midday on Tues. Rights 
and four nights of self-catering 
at Quinta da Marinha cost 
around £188 per person. The 
golf package, which 
includes car hire and green 
fees, costs £247. 

For more information 
contact Suntours, Madeira 
House, Com Sheet Witney, 
Oxon OX8 7BW (0993 76969). 



Crtaba; sfflt the greatest of tefian 
hofiday choice - still great value. 
The most wonderful beaches, 
islands, lakes and mountains 
under the sun. Great cites of 

history and Ctffluresetf catering or 
two and threecertre holidays and 
a variety of have! arrangements. 

Concessionary British RaS tickets 
and abnost-free coach travel 
(maximum £4) to most departure 
are from Gatwick, 

\ Manchester and 


Summer 1986 -afl prices 

Say Si! to a Ctta&a summer by 
asking tor your brochure at your 
Travel Agent or phoning 
01*680 3100 anytime. 


DepUft. Mam? Rote House, 

3-S Lansdowre Road. Croydon. CR9 ILL 



Spring in Jersey - the value's 
irresistible. With hotel and guest- 
honse prices at tbeir sunniest 
Spring is also Festival time, with an 

exciting carnival atmosphere, open 

air markets and bands parading 

through the towns. In Jersey, 
Spring is always enjoy ably sprung. 

aWui* great-value inclusive holidays. Write for 
Or aH ft-SPOQGQ € ? 24hr personal s emce. 

"VVtere Britain blends with France. — ^ 

["*■*- — — • — —i i 

I AddKV. 




dangpig cufaMMad beautiful scenery Vve offer tnanv wars to «periencr this 

" fcemannglanirangingfro«nalO-<fav'*Glinip*«oft]ie 

Raj" m"TTieEinpco^of IndiaT a grand once- nw- 
Iifrante tour celebrating die centenary of Queen 
Victors* Golden Juhke. Each journey » fully 
escorted iVom Ac departure airport: 
experienced tour TTlIHup 
managers will 

smooch vour wav 
and introduce you to the authentic 
character of India. Fee further 
details, visit vour local 
ThomasCookce frames 
Travel branch, or phone 
OI-6290W. ahtvsics-.v- 

Prepaid to have 
your breath taken away 

The sheer spectacle and 
timeless majesty of the Nile have 
enthralled travellers for 
thousands nf years. 

A Swan Hellenic Nile cruise offers you 
the unique opportunity to experience a 
tuu-wwk Ixiliday on the most historic. most 
enigmatic riser on canh- 

You can explore die Land of the 
Pharaohs from die air-conditioned comfort 
oT die Nile Sur, visiting such phenomena as 
the Sphinx, the Valiev of the Kings and the 
Tomb ofTuunkfiamun. 

With your cruise will be a 
guest lecturer whose inJbmul 
expertise will greatly increase 
your enjoyment of the sights 
you'll be witnessing. 

Prices (which include your 
return flight from London, all 
excursions and gratuities) start at 
jusr £1,193. 

Take the first step on your 
journey of a lifetime. Ring Swan 
Hellmic on 01-247 7362 or see 
your A8TA (rax el agent- 



fan of die growkqj worid of PKQ 

you haven't already picked 
one up at the airport as part of 
a weekend package. I found a 
car useful for driving around 
the Quinta estate and for 
reaching the sights outside 
Lisbon: notably the castles of 
bosky Sintra and the salmon 
pink Palace of Queluz — where 
mad Queen Maria I used to 
water the flowers of the floral 

But one can get by on public 
transport. Fast trains run all 
day — and half the night — 
between Sintra,. Queluz, 
Cascais and Lisbon; while in 
the city itself taxis are cheap 
and trams even cheaper. They 
are Edwardian and battered, 
and still manage to clank 
jauntily up the steepest of hills 
before rumbling down to the 

I never made ft to the art 
galleries or markets. 1 still 
haven't ridden at Quinta nor 
walked along the cliffs to the 
westernmost point of Europe. 
A long weekend in Lisbon just 
isn't long enough. But that, Mr 
Fielding, is my only com- 


the most 
of Malta 

Holidays in Malta next winter 
are expected to be at least 10 
per cent cheaper as a result of 
measures taken by the Maltese 

British tour operators have 
negotiated a guaranteed ex- 
change rate for 1986-87 winter 
holidays as well as a reduction 
in the cost of aviation fuel 
picked up in Malta by charter 
airlines. The Maltese govern- 
ment is also investing large 
sums pn improving tourist 
amenities. . . . 

Malta's summer bookings 
are 50 per cent ahead of last 
year and several holiday com- 
panies have already laid on 
extra charter flights. 

Gonrmets afloat 

A Mediterranean cruise for 
gourmets is to operate on 
P & O's Sea Princess, depart- 
ing from Southampton on 
August 27. BBC's Breakfast 
Time cookery expert Glynn 
Christian will be on board to 
give demonstrations and lec- 
tures and Charles Metcalfe, a 
leading authority on wine, will 
arrange tastings. Prices start at 

• Greyhound have 
introduced a five-day Go-As- 
You-Please “Ameripass" 
ticket priced at $50 (about 
£34.50) for travel on any of 
its long distance coach 
services within the United 
States, bat not in Canada. 

The pass cannot be bought 
in North America bat is 
available from travel 
agents in the UK. 

No handicap 

The Swedish National Tourist 
Office has published a guide 
for handicapped travellers 
planning a holiday in Sweden. 
It has a full listing of suitable 
accommodation in hotels, 
chalet villages and camp-sites 
and also gives details of 
centres where people with 
limited mobility can take part 
in sports activities. The guide 
is available attbe Tourist Of- 
fice. 3 Cork Street. London 
W1X 1HA (01-437 5816). 

Fly to the Faroes 

Icelandair plans to resume 
direct air services between the 
C K and the Faroe Islands after 
a gap of 16 years with a weekly 
service starting in May. Flights 
will operate from Glasgow's 
Abbotsmch Airport to Vagur. 
with a two-hour ferry and 
coach transfer to Torshavn. the 

Philip Ray 

spring in 
the air 

Wells - sony. 
Royal Tun- 
bridge Wells — 
may be the 
place from 

which disgust- 
ed colonels fire off peppery 
letters to the BBC, but the 
town would much rather be 
known for a chance discovery 
made in 1606. 

In that year one Dudley. 
Lord North happened upon a 
spring of health-giving miner- 
al water that was to launch 
Tunbridge Wells as a foremost 
British spa, magnet of royalty 
and Beau Nash, elegant water- 
ing place for the cream of 
London society. 

In the early 19th century a 
small girl was brought to the 
town by her mother for the 
summer holidays. “Dear Tun- 
bridge Weils", wrote the fu- 
ture Queen Victoria, “I am so 
very fond of it”. In 1 909 her 
son. Edward VII, bestowed 
the royal prefix. 

The search for historic Tun- 
bridge Wells must start in The 
Pantiles, laid out as a tree- 
lined walk in 1630 and taking 
its name from the small clay 
tiles with which it was paved. 
Some of them are still there. 
The Pantiles was a pedestrian 
precinct long before the phrase 
was invented. 

It is still possible to take the 
waters, from the spot at the 
northern end of The Pantiles 

The bath house: 
reminder of 
a rich past 

where the spring was discov- 
ered. A dipper — traditional 
name for a water dispenser — 
is on duty from Easter to 

Other reminders of a rich 
past are the Bath House, 
where could be enjoyed 
“warm vapours”, the Com 
Exchange and the Assembly 
Rooms, once the focus of the 
town's social whirL 

The Pantiles has changed 
little for more than a century 
and remains a place of charm 
and character. It is also, to be 
frank, a mite shabby. A £5 Vi 
million “refurbishment” is 
under way, providing new 
shops and offices, a craft 
workshop and a museum. 
Admirers of the town must 
hope that it improves without 

Away from The Pantiles. 
Tunbridge Wells has been 
wrestling with the same dilem- 
ma, of how to preserve the 
best of the past against the 
inevitable 20th-century en- 
croachments of office blocks 
and multiple stores and. most 
insidious, the internal com- 
bustion engine. 

The verdict must be largely 
favourable. Compare what 
you see today with the excel- 

Prototype precinct: laid out as 
The Pantiles has changed 

lent photographs in Tunbridge 
Wells As It Was. a booklet 
prepared by the local reference 
librarian, Jean Mauldon. and 
you soon realize that not all 
has changed and not all for the 

From The Pantiles make for 
the town centre by way of 
Chapel Place, being sure to 
take a look round the church 
of King Charles the Martyr, 

1 678. which has a fine plaster- 
work ceiling by the chief 
plasterer to Sir Christopher 
Wren. And, on the comer 
opposite, do not miss the 
secondhand bookshop, always 
the mark of a civilized com- 

Up the High Street, still 
cosy despite the traffic, and 
past the railway station 
(opened in 1 845) you come to 
the not inappropriately named 
Mount Pleasant, Mount Sion 
— a throwback to Puritan 
times —and, to the west of the 
town. Mount Ephraim, a road 
of hotels and big houses 
overlooking the Common. 

Among them, set back be- 
hind chestbut trees, is the Spa 
Hotel, which was built as a 
country mansion in 1 766 and 
assumed its current use in 
1880. It still has much of the 
air of a country seal, with 

a tree lined avenue in 1630, 
little in a hundred years t ^ e 

spacious grounds and large. >?|d 
high-ceilinged rooms, a haven ’gp 1 
from bustle and noise. > " er 

The hotel's latest pride, a®* 
opened in September, is an^jer 
“indoor leisure complex", Bhl- 
which may sound like a sports 
stadium but is an extension of 
Tunbridge Well's health 
ing properties by the modem ^ 
means of sunbed, sauna, gym--*: 
nasium and jacuzzi. The com-rjr 1 
plex also offers courses inv£“ 
beauty therapy, so there is no^ 
excuse for not leaving filter — 
and more beautiful — tban^fe 
when you arrived. mr 

Unlike most big hotels these 
days, the ■ Spa is privately ““ 
owned. That may explain the 
attention to oltMash' 

lioned per- Mr 

Health giving ro_ 
properties by the 
modern methods JJJ 



The Spa Hotel. Mount 
Ephraim. Tunbridge Wells. 

Kent (0892 4771 7) offers short- 
break holidays at £32.50 per 
person per night, including 
bed. breakfast and (tinner. 

A health and fitness weekend 
is available from £55 a night, 
including full board and use of 
all the health facilities. 

sonal sen - tee. and another old- 
fashioned virtue, courtesy. ■ 
The meals consist of huge 
portions, efficiently served, 
and if some of the dishes were 
sampled were on the rich side, 
there are dietary and vegetari- 
an alternatives. 

Nestling on the Kent-Sussex 
border. Tunbridge Wells is a 
modest drive away from 
Churchill's house at 
Westerham, or Kipling's at 
Burwash. the moated ruins of 
Bodiam Castle and the sea- 
fronts of Brighton and East- 
bourne. Or you can simply 
stand on Mount Ephraim and 
remember Beau Nash and the 
little girl who became Queen 
Victoria and take in lungfuls 
of dean air that cost nothing. 

Peter Waymark J 

Brussels Bruges 


power dttqftmiUy t l fa r n a hd by 
Aadalit WBcdjo wi* our 
brochure on tmlivi&ui mdmjvr 
hobby* tntboc taunfnl wwv 
write u>- 

Time Off LtcL, 

Chester Close, 
London SW1X7BQ, 

So much more besides the sea 

Quality hotels, apartments, friendly guest houses. Pine scented chines. 
Warmer sea -miles of soft clean sand Eurobeach standards exceeded. 
Spring Special Events: i *-. - . fl ! , *?w7hrrties Festival May 10-24. 
Health Week June 8-14 ^^Flower Festival June14-22. 

Sophisticated shopping. _ ' Sport of every sort 


Telephone 01-200 0200 (24 hrs) for FREE colour Guide or wnte to' 

Dept. 11 7 . Bournemouth Tourism, Westover Rd. Bournemouth BH1 7 



Come to the sunniest part of 
Western France 

The Sun? Certainly. 
Poirou-Char ernes 
- has the highest 
sunshine record 
of the Atlantic coast, 
sandy beaches fringed bv cliffs or pine forests, open 
to the ocean or sheltered by islands and estuaries. 

Here you will find Europe’s best Romanesque 
architecture, bustling ports, lively towns, rolling hills 
and peaceful valleys, me Marais Poiievin, a green ^aded 
labyrinth of inland waterways, and the peaceful river 
Charente which you can discover on a cabin cruiser. 

The food? Well, there are oysters and shellfish all 
year round, some of France’s finest butters and cheeses 

and, of course, this is the 

home of cognac. 



Heave mum thr> coupon to. 

Bone P-'-ule Sfs - F FvliliRS Cviex 

Heave vend re the lnikr» in;: .-ttiormjuco: 

~ Repnrj- nup O Cimpviie k.»: 

C: Hotel li-t □ Guts jCLOtrjr.aii::0r. 

O RrpinrJ. hnxhuw 


Adtew . 



White: Kasparov. Blade 
;,_arsep- Bugojno. 1982. 

-• from the diagram, the game 
. proceeded: 

•;« R-3N 

A -typically turbulent Kas- 
“jacov solution. Most players 
•vouid have kept a slight edge 
^Ai*25 RxRch QxR 26 BxN, 
-doubling Black's pawns. 


* Larsen assumes the White 

* snip to be a bluff. In feci, the 
•• post .prudent course would 
Tiave been 25 . . . N-B2. 

;* P»P dlMh. Q-KB2 

;tr B44 

- Black now has just one way 
: o salvage his Queen. 

"" !7 .:. *04 2 # M*p iun 

- ta N-NG OB2 30 NxR OxM 

tl we N^4 32 0-83 NW-K5 

{3 (MC7 N*N 34 P-B71 

Kasparov does not yet 
pause to recapture. The 
/"threat is now 35 Q-Q8ch. 

*Tj 4 B-S4 35 PiN WCB4 

HS ?-RS P-K5 

£ in spite of his extra piece, 
l Larsen is helpless against the 
^armada of white pawns. 

.37 NH PxP MPfP K- FB 

. 30 M5 B-Q2 

- And Black lost on time. 
After 40 Q-QR5 Black's 
position is hopeless, e.g. 

-40 .-. . BxP 41 PxB QxRP 42 
~Q-Kl and Black, does not 
have perpetual check. 

Bent Larsen can currently 
be seen in action at the GLC 
.Chess Challenge, taking place 
a at The Great Eastern Hotel 
• until March 27. 

: Raymond Keene 


; reigns 

; in Spain 

In Spain they are wild about 
pary- At the end of January, 
sasparov was invited to Bar- 
celona where he received the 
.Iwa'rd for Absolute Interna- 
tional Sportsman of the Y ear 
*rorrr the paper El Mundo 

i The world champion then 
fvent on to the town of Alcoy 
where he was greeted tumultu- 
ously. by the locals, who 
organized a live chess game 
Sit his honour. The human 
pieces were decked out in 
Christian and Moorish cos- 
tumes from the Reconquista 

‘ Then Kasparov secured an 
overwhelming victory in the 
unreal Chess Oscar presented 
*jy El Cone Ingles. On Febru- 
ary 25. as World Chess Feder- 
ation representative, I 
Presided over the annual vote 
_jf the International Chess 
■ Journalists Association. Kas- 
'jarov received 1356 votes 
-.lgainst Karpov (972). 
■Timman (778) and Yusupov 
r 75 7). The Oscar has now been 
nwarded for 19 years, yet only 
~.ix people have succeeded in 
‘ vinning this most prestigious 
if elected chess awards. The 
select list runs: Bent Larsen. 
3oris Spassky. Bobby Fischer, 
.Anatoly Karpov. Victor 
-xorchnoi and now, of course, 

There is great interest in 
Spain in organizing a match 
between Kasparov and either 
.-.jubojevic or Larsen, both of 
vhom have strong Spanish 

Here is a bombshell finish 
' yy Kasparov from an earlier 
yme against Bent Larsen: 


Messages from a 
sad, mad era 

"Daddy, what did you do in 
the Great War?" The recruit- 
ing posters spawned by the 
First World War constituted 
(he most naive and cruel 
psychological blackmaiL In 
this most famous example 
Daddy, obviously a perfectly 
decent chap, is looking con- 
fused and guilty while being 
interrogated by his prig of a 
daughter. His son plays sol- 
diers at his feet 
Another choice example 
was addressed: “To the Wom- 
en of London: Is Your Best 
Boy Wearing. Khaki?" The 
implication being that if he 
wasn't, your husband, sbn or 
sweetheart was not worthy of 
you. Contemporary songs reit- 
erated the theme: 

"We watched you playing 
cricket and every kind of game. 
At football, golf and polo you 
men have made your name 
But now your country calls you 
to play your part in war 
And no matter what befalls you 
we shad love you ail the more. 
So come and 'join the Forces as 
your fathers did before. 

We don’t want to lose you but 
we think you ought to go 
Because your King and coun- 
try both heed you so . ” 

The posters' of that sad, mad 
era naturally had less scope to 
get their message across than 
the songs. Hence the visual 
impact had to be strong, the 
legend succinct “Men of Brit- 
ain will you stand by this?" 
underlined a bombed home in 
Scarborough, where the first 
major damage on British soil 
had been inflicted early in the 

“The Empire Needs Men", 
"Everyone should do his bit" 
and “There is still a place in 
the line for you" shrieked 


auction of the late Sir Charles 
CJore s collection of portrait 
miniatures promises to be tee 
best in tee field since the 
Pierpont Morgan collection 
was sold in 1935. Clare 
bought tee collection from tee 
French collector David Weill 
— the other half was 
bequeathed to the Louvre. 

The artists represented include 
Fuger, Fragonard and 
Isabey. The Arch-Duchess by 
Fuger is expected to go for 
£20.000 but others are 

Organized by the British 
Orchid Growers' 

Association, with many 
beautiful displays of highly- 
prized blooms, from cool 
growing terrestrial pleiones 
to majestic cymbidlums. All the 
leading nurseries and many 
amateurs will be present, and 
on every stand an expert 
happy to give advice should 
you want to start your own 
collection or add to an existing 

Royal Horticultural 
Society's Old Hall, Vincent 
Square, London SW1(01- 
834 4333). Today 1 1am-6pm, 
tomorrow 10am-5pnn. 
Admission today £1 .70. 
tomorrow £1. 

SCENARIO: Part of tee 
London International Opera 
Festival, an exhibition of set 
designs, costumes, jewellery, 
ephemera and models from 
productions of Italian opera 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday, March 20. 1986- Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. I Pennington Street, London, El. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, March 22. 1986. 

The posters that 
express the spirit 
of the First World 
War are now 
collectors’ items 

from every billboard in a very 
effective two-year campaign 
for volunteers before con- 
scription was introduced. The 
chorus from the music hall 
reiterated that campaign 
which, in the best advertising 
tradition, became a fashion: 
“Is your man digging your 
garden when he should be 
digging trenches?" But fash- 
ions arc renowned for cruelty. 

First World War posters 
have become collectors' items 
because they express the spirit 
of the age. 

Maurice Rickards, founder 
of the Ephemera Society, says 
“Their sick psychology re- 
flects the social mores of the 
time, the flavour and dimate 
of a watershed in human 
history when we bad deliber- 
ate mass murder". The inno- 

Where to Go: The Ephemera 
Society. 12 Fiteroy Square, 
London W1 (01-387 7773). 
Dealers: Tony Scanlon, 17 
Airlie Gardens, London W8 (01- 
727 1594). 

Philip Granville. Lord's Galleiy, 
26 Wellington Road. London 
NW8 (01-722 4444) by 
appointment only. 

Posters of the First World War 
by Maurice Rickards 
(published by Evelyn Adams 
and Mackay) is currently out of 
print but should be available in 

expected to fetch a few 

Sotheby's. 34-35 New Bond 
Street. London Wl (01- 
493 8080). Sale Mon Ham. 

than 100 quilts ranging in price 
from £50 to £500 are to go 
under the hammer at Christie’s 
sale of costumes and 
textiles. Mainly pastel-shaded 
quitts made in tee north of 
England In about 1900 are 
expected to go for as little 
as £50. The American 
patchworks are estimated 
at between £200 to £300, 
Christie's South 
Kensington. 85 Old Brompton 
Road, London SW7 (01- 
581 7611) Viewing Mon 9am- 

cent who succumbed to the 
posters went over the top of 
the trenches into mud and 
death, losses running at 
100.000 a month by the third 
year of the war. 

As the posters were issued 
in multiples to every town hall 
in the country there are still 
pristine examples available, 
perhaps preserved by some 
town clerk with a sense of 
history. One collection came 
up in a sale of printed books 
and ephemera at Sotheby’s in 
London on Tuesday. It includ- 
ed “Daddy, what did you do in 
the Great War?" which, to- 
gether with three other post- 
ers. made £330. 

A decade fcgo these posters 
made around £20 but now 
£80-£l00 is about the bottom 
line for anything in decent 
condition. One lot of five 
posters in the Sotheby' s sale , 
including the unusual portray- 
al of St George slaying the 
dragon to demonstrate that 
“Britain Needs You At Once", 
was estimated at £100-£1S0 
but fetched £242. 

Sales are infrequent but 
there are dealers who stock the 
posters (at a price) and the 
Ephemera Society is an au- 
thoritative starting poinL 

The First World War post- 
ers were not actually the first 
of their kind (the hectoring 
finger of fete had pointed at 
YOU from the billboards 
during the Boer War) but it 
was then that they excelled in 
the extraordinary nerve to say 
what they did. If a similar 
campaign was repeated now 
nothing less would do than 
television commercials with 
John Cleese. 

Victoria Mather 

7pm and Tues 9am-U.30am. 
Sale Tues 2pm. 


Line drawings by famous 
British artists are selling at 
Christie's for less than £1,000. 
These include a study of 
Macbeth by Reynolds (£500- 
£700), Melancholy 
Madness by Rowlandson 
(£200-£300). a study of 
olive trees by William James 
Muller (£300-£400) and 

E400) and 

Trees by a Road by 
Gainsborough (£400-£600). 
Christie's. 8 King Street. 
London SW1 (Of-839 9060). 
Viewing Sun 2pm-5pm and 
Mon 9am-4pm. Sale Tues liam. 

Geraldine Norman 

Hoofing it: pulling power at the National Shire Horse Show 

performed at tee Royal Today until April 19, Mon-Sat 

Ooera House over tee Dast 40 lOam-llpm. Free. 

performed at tee Royal 
Opera House over tee past 40 
years. Among tee 
numerous exhibits are a 
Franco Zeffirelli model for 
the 1 959 production of Lucia di 
Lammermoor, a necklace 
worn by Callas in Tosca and 
costumes and set designs 
for Visconti's celebrated 
production of Don Carlos. A 
must for opera buffs. 

Olivier Theatre Foyer. 

National Theatre, South Bank, 
London SE1 (01-928 2033). 

SHOW: Some 282 of these 
magnificent beasts are 
expected at tee show — tee 
biggest since the 1 930s. 

You can see mares, stallions, 
geldings and foals, four- 
horse teams, turn-outs, singles 
and pairs, horses In hand 
and in harness and a heavy 
horse-shoeing competition. 

jJadtiy u fat did Yffl do in tfddmt War 

Psychological warfare: such posters called mflfioos to the 
treadles. These examples were in collections of four 
and five that fetched £240-£33 0 at Sotheby’s this week 


East of England 
Showground, Alwalton, 
Peterborough, Cambs 
(0733 234451). Today 8.30am- 
4pm. Adult £4, child £2. 


New exhibition of "sound 
sculptures" — a collection 
of extraordinary objects that 
visitors can "play*' to 
produce a wide variety of 
sounds in quite unexpected 

Concourse Gallery, 

Barbican Centre, Silk Street, 
London EC2 (01-638 4141). 
From today, Mon-Sat 10am- 
8pm, Sun and Bank 
Holidays noon-8pm. Adult 
£150, child 75p. 


First run iri 1519, this claims to 
be tee oldest flat race in tee 
country. Anyone with a sturdy 
horse may enter, though 
weight must not be less than 
10 stone. The 4%-mite race 
is over farmland and okl 
Roman Road and starts at 
noon from The Sandstone 
Post Kiplincotes. . 

Klplincotes, Middleton-on- 
the- Wolds, Humberside. 
Further Information from 
Susan HrUaby (0482 651207). 
Thurs.from 11am.. *. 

Jody Froshaug 


Poor technique is 
. not the only 
reason for failures 
at the table 

Technical mistakes are al ways 
instructive, but perhaps less 
interesting than those which 
are mainly- attributable ' to 
other causes The declarer on 
This hand was a skilful crafts- 
man, but... , 

Rubber bridge. Love alL 
Dealer North. 

♦ K 


0AK865 - 

♦ K8732 

♦ A82 

v A 70752 
’ J 93 2 

♦ A ' 

♦ 765^ 
■7J6 » 

jo 7 

♦ OJ 1065 

♦ o j io9 a 

C 0983 
6 Q* 




• — - 




2 * 








Deanna lead vS 
bitiau&. The lack oi 

(1) Fatuously ovar-enttOous. The lack oJ 
intsrmettates m the ' minors. in 
con jun c tion with South's lack of 
enthusiasm, makes any a&rancfr totally 

(2) Doubtful, but the sun heart stopper 
and me OQ should give a tan ptay tor 

West led the ^5 while 
South - gravely thanked his - 
partner for his straggly collec- 
tion of garbage. He won the 
first trick with the 'v'K. on 
which East followed with the 
9J, The 4K felled to catch a 
pond idiot so declarer re- 
turned to hand with the OQ 
to play a club. West won with 
the 4A and East dropped the 

“That’s torn it” South 
mused. u Even this West can 
hardly foil to find the: right 

But tins West was deep in 
thought. Eventually,-, to 
South's detieht,, he continued 
with the vA and- another 
heart on which East discard- 
ed the 45. Declarer joyfully 
cashed his remaining good 
heart before committing bis 
life to the. diamond break. 
Unhappily, the near- miracle 
did not materialize. 1 

Up to a point, declarer had 
managed this iinedifyiug con- 
tract weiL Partly from a sense 
of relief L suspect, he then 
took his eye off the balL The 

tody- serum expteu&oa for - 
West's failure to pfey ■a 
second round of dubs w.-. 
that be diff tita have ant 

' tf tfe diamonds were 3*-3. 
declarer- only ^needed- M0:\ 
heart tricks, so hit cwBd have * 
given himself . the - earn 
chance that Wes* had tee 4 A. 

jf he plays a ‘ 

trapped- He c*n- piayj*. : 
diamond, but will, find Him- 
self on play with lire fourth 
round of diamonds, com- 
peliedto pvc deefererthe last 
wo tricks with his major 

The next hand occurred in . 
the Venice ' Cnp match, be- 
tween Great Britain and 
Taipei in Sao Paulo. .. . 

The young womens' ttaa 
from Taipei made a consider- 
able impression with, ihetr 
accurate bidding, which at 
one stage of their match 
against Britain produced an 
astonishing 54-0 lead. 

As usual Taipei hit the 
larger when they reached six 
hearts on these North -South 
hands, ... 

Great Britain v Taipei. 1st 
round robin. Love alL 

♦ jatfis 

T O J S3 

: aj 

♦ A43 

♦ K9*3 N 

T 6 5 w c. \ L?-. . 

•: 9?32 c c voroa* 

* OJIO . S _J *9BSZ 

. ♦ Alfl ■ • 

~ a K 10 84 

C Kfl5 

♦ K87 

Declarer received the lead 
of the 4Q. which she won in 
hand. After drawing trumps 
m two rounds, she immedi- 
ately took the diamond 
finesse. This impetuous pfey . 
was deservedly punished, be- 
cause declarer felled to ex- 
ploit the extra chances which 
the spade suit offers. 

If East holds either the KQ 
of spades or. as here, three - 
spades including ah honour, 
declarer, by starting with a 
spade from dummy. - can 
establish the 4J for the 
crucial club discard. . 

The Taipei women’s card - 
play was less impressive than 
their bidding, but did 
declarer's error stem from 
poor technique alone? No. I 
believe she recognized that a 
shoal of points could turn on 
the diamond finesse: Like the 
impatient gambferr she could 
not wait to team her fete. . 

Jeremy Flint 

This is Nelson country, as 
every other pub sign in fee 
area boasts. Take die A149 
• from King's Lynn, pass a 
black-caped and cream-topped 
win dmill and park in the tiny 
harbour village of Burnham 
Overy Staitbe. Ignore The 
Hero and set out on the muddy 
rampart at the far, east, side of 
the village which defends 
Overy Marshes from the sea. 

It is a flat, bleak landscape, 
peopled by barking Vs of 
Brest geese and other refugees 
from a harsher cold. Eventual- - 
ly the flatness corrugates into 

sand dunes, which dip and bob 
until the gun-metal of the 
North Sea fills the horizon. 
The beach is a desert of fine, 

white sand- Occasio nall y por- 
poises or whales are washed 
up, their bloated carcases 
seeping until only their skele- 
tons and their stink remains. 
Walk eastwards and a thin- 
ning of the beach draws yon, 
right, through a vein of trees, 
and. then onto a wide drive 
which leads you to the fireside 
of the inn at Holkham. - 
After lunch, go gently uphill 
towards the almshouses, curve 

rightwards through the scat- 
tering deer, with an . ogly 
monument to your right and 
the --uglier backside of. 
Holkham Hall dose to your 
left. Skirt the lake, and then' 
torn right, past am old ice- 
house. Then on, our of the" 
estate, joining the B1155 to 
Burnham Overy Town, a pret- 
ty hamlet. Fork right after the 
church and the road leads 
gently down into Burnham 
Over Staitbe, as the light 

John Sweeney 

■ft **> T 


■ i ACROSS mm 

,J l Safety hai 15.6) $1 

? 9 Document store <7) 7 

10 Jacket edge 15) r- 

. |l Melody (3) _ 

13 Apology cry (4) 

, . 16 Germany count (4) — 

17 S American cat (6) __ 

18 Ribbon (4) | 

. 20 Alpnel4) rr 

1 ; 21 Give up l6» _ 

1 , 22 Wicked (4) 

■ 23 30th Old Test Book — 

: * 14) ® 

j 25 Deity f3) 

. i 28 Malayan palm (5) — 

. i 29 Menial deficiency (71 a 

; i 30 Vegeiablc soup (6.5) “ 

' DOWN m 

2 Go over again (5) ■ 

3 Slide <41 

4 Roller (41 

5 Water flower (4) S( 

6 IjU}pegrass(7) ai 

7 Rose oFSharon (65) lit 

, 8 8.4prillsl(3.5J) « 

12 Affirmation (6) {? 

14 Fifth note (3) g 

I 15 Musically smooth (6) g, 

I' 19 Of hip bone (7) Kl 

20 Salt water mass (3) Si 

24 Anthem (5) „ 

- 25 Biting insect (4) *' 

* 26 Scurry {41 

, 27 Lowdaro(4) H 






ACROSS: IGaucfao 5 Bypass 8 For 9 Be- 
lief 10 Aspire 11 Warp 12 Agnostic 14 Fag 
end 17 Brin use 19Rustaff 22 East 24 Ve- 
lour 250neway 26 Ado 27 Precis 28 

DOWN: 2 Arena 3 Cripple 4 Offhand 5 
Brawn 6 Pipes 7 Straits 13 Ole 15 .Ama- 
teur l6Nil 17 Buffoon 18 Mae West 26 
SlOtc 21 Ainas 23 Shade 

Vic winners of Prize concise A r <? S94 ore: C. Allsop. 
Middleton ivenue. Crossbill Codnor. Derbyshire; 
and P. H. H 'ardle, Longnofl Road. Dronfidd 
Hood house. Sheffield. 

SOLUTION TO NO 844 (lost Saturday’s Prize concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Fashionable 9 Arbiter 10 Cycle IlSoh 13 Earn 16 
Curd 17 Encore l8Tcst 20 Deal 2ITristt 22 Exit 23 Boss 25 
Oerri 28 inter 29 Abolish 20 Snow leopard 
DOWN: 2 Amber 3 Hate 40un 5 Arch 6 Lecture 7 Paren- 
thesis 8 Mendelssohn 12 Onrush 14 Net 15 Scarce 19 Smitten 20 
Deb 240sier 25Grow 26 Mare 27 Hoop 

Address — — 


Tubby tubers 

Now that we are well in to 
March, those with warm 
greenhouses can begin prepar- 
ing their stored dahlia tubers 
for this year's flowers. 

Take the tubers out of store 
and make sure they are plump 
•and not too wrinkled; the 
flitgera should be quite firm. 
Dip any shrivelled ones into a 
bucket of warm water to let 
them to lake up some mois- 
ture before proceeding. 

The best way of raising 
dahlias is through cuttings: 
alternatives are to divide the 
tubers or to plant dormant 
ones direct into the garden. 

Cuttings are produced by 
encouraging the tubers to 
break into growth and using 
these shoots as cutting materi- 
al. Prepare shallow boxes and 
place about ] inch of compost 
in the bottom of the box. 

Make sure the names of the 
tubers are dearly visible, then 
plant them in the boxes and 
riddle compost between them 
to about 1 inch below the rim 
of the box. Water and place 
the box in a greenhouse, or in 
a propagating case, at about 
55F. Shoots will appear from 
the crown of the tuber. 

Cuttings can be taken as 
soon as the shoots are about 2 
to 3 inches long Use figure 
pots or blocks and insert one 
cutting per unit These young 
plants should be properly 
potted on as soon as their 
roots have outgrown their first 

One of the easiest ways of 
growing dahlias is to divide 
the tubers which have over- 
wintered. This should be done 
carefully so that each part of 
the root you remove has a 
piece of the crown — this is 
where the shoots will appear. 
Once you have divided the 
roots, make sure they are 
dearly labelled and place 
them into shallow boxes. 
These should be watered and 
then placed in a greenhouse 
with good light and warmth. 

It is also possible to plant 
dry dormant tubers, so long as 
they are clean and healthy. 

Dahlias require good light 
and should be as close to the 
glass as possible when young. 
Try to keep the house in which 
they are growing as near to 
SSr as possible. 

Ashley Stephenson 

200 Years of The Times 

The first fully illustrated history of 
‘The Thunderer’. Hundreds of 
photographs, cartoons and facsi- 
mile pages and Philip Howard’s 
witty commentaries. 

The great pageant includes: 

• The Battle of Trafalgar 

• The Charge of the Light Brigade 

• Jack the Ripper- horrific 
accounts of his murders 

• The execution of Louis XVI. 

• The fight for press freedom 

• The discovery of 
Tutankhamuns tomb 

• Everest conquered 

the story of the great newspaper 
and 200 turbulent years of history 
to rivid life. 

In bookshops now - £12.95 Hardback 

16 Golden Square, London W1R 4BN 


f tW-i J 

THE TIMES MARCH 15-21 19 86 


19 - . 

Hot tips with 
cool coriander 

The weekend is the perfect time to plan special meals, 
brows e thro ugh the market place in search^^c^eim- 

From today the .column will be appearing in the 
Saturday section every week. 

Breaking the mould and get- 
ting away whh it adds excite- 
ment to (poking, as h does to 
most things. One way of 
exploring ingredients is to use 
them in unexpected ways. The 
results are not always a tri- 
umph but they axe seldom 

Pesto, the pasta sauce which 
captures the peppery pungen- 
cy of fresh basil is a subject on 
which there are many self- 
appointed experts. To those 
whose views on pesto are 
immutable, the notion of a 
pesto made with green corian- 
der is no doubt anathema. 

I did not much fancy the 
idea myself when I came 
across it in Nathalie Haxnbro's 
recently published Visual De- 
lights (Conran Octiipus, 
£9.95). But this unconvention- 
al combination succeeds mid 
has a welcome freshness at a 
time of year when fresh herbs- 
are not plentiful. 

The parmesan should be 
very finely grated, almost 
powdered, so that it blends 
smoothly into the sauce. 

Coriander Pesto 

Serves 5-8 ■ ■ . 

1 bunch coriander ' 

2 doves garlic, peeled 

30g(1oz) ground almonds 
I50tnl(% pint) olive oa 

soups, salads or stews. One or 
two whole leaves floated in a 
bowl of hot dear consomme 
will change its character. 

A dressing of chopped cori- 
ander leaves finishes this easy, 
lightly spiced Indian dish. 

Chicken wflft Onions and 
Coriander . 

Serves 4-fir 

6 skinned, boned chicken 
breasts or other portions 

5 tablespoons ofl-or 
clarified butter - 

5 large, mild onions, sliced 

2 teaspoons ground 

Vi inch cube fresh gi 
peeled and crus 

2 crushed doves garfic 

Y* teaspoon ground 

1 cinnamon stick 

% teaspoon ground cloves 
Good pinch ground mace 
Good pinch cayenne 

pepper • 

freshly ground black 

pepper ; 

Vi teaspoon salt 
1 bay leaf 

1 tablespoon fresh lemon 

4 tablespoons of chopped 
coriander leaves 

85g (3oz) of freshfy grated 
parmesan cheese - 

2 tablespoons softened " ... 
butter •;••••■ 

Salt and freshly ground 
black pepper : 

Wash the coriander and shake 
it dry before stripping the 
leaves from the stems. The 
stems can be used in soup. Put 
the leaves in a food-processor 
or blender (or make the sauce 
by band with a pestle and 
mortar) and add the garfic, 
roughly chopped, and., the 
almonds. Procss briefly, then 
with the machine running, 
add the oil in a steady stream. 

Pour the sauce into a -bowl 
and beat in the parmesan, 
followed by the butler. Season 
with salt and pepper. 

The Italians Jong ago 
worked out which pasta 
shapes go best with which 
sauces and settled on 
tagliaiclle with pesto. Cook 
the pasta in plenty of boding 
salted water. Drain and Iran*: 
for it to a warm serving bowl. 
Add the pesto and toss to coat 
each noodle with the sauce. 
Sen e at once. 

As a rough guide to quanti- 
ties. allow about 45Qg£1U>) of 
fresh pasta for four good mam 
course servings, said about 
half that weight of dried 

Chopped coriander can also 
be used where parsley' might 
be expected - sprinkled on 

Cut the chicken breasts into 
three, pieces and mix in the 

^ and turmeric manually. 

ag chicken :legs, halve 
them and mix the spice in the 
same way, 

- Heal half the ofl or butter in 
a heavy casserole and add the 
chicken pieces. Fry quickly to 
brown them lightly on all 
sides. Lower the heat and cook 
gently until the ofl or butler 
separates from the juices re- 
leased by the chicken — about 
five minutes. 

Add the onion slices, garlic, 
cardamom, cinnamon, doves, 
mace, cayenne, black pepper, 
salt and bay leaf Dribble over 
the remaining oil or butter and 
close the ltd tightly with foil. 
Bring to the boil on top of the 
stove and immediately trans- 
fer the casserole to a pre- 
heated moderately hot oven 
(19(FC/375*F, gas mark 5). 
Cook until the onions are 
melting, about one and a 
quarter hours. 

Complete the dish by lettmg 
it simmer on top of the stove 
to evaporate the excess liquid 
and leave the chicken and 
onions with very little sauce. 
Stir in the lemon juice and 
coriander. Check the season- 
ing and serve with rice. 

Crawford Poole 



Great whisky from 
Little acorns 

On the Hebridean 
Isle of Islay the 
dimate, die peat the 
water, even the inde- 
finable mystique... all 
contribute to the dis- 
tine ri ve flavour of the 
I_ 3 gavuiin malt at the 
heart ofWhire Horse. 
So do the casks. 

All om carles ar Lagavulin are made of 
jpen*pored European oak. 

The malt matures in these caAsfor years 
mss! its lire becomes a peaty warmth. 

But pertercon has its cost: over dieyears 
is much as one tenth ot the maturing whisky 


But what remains in die casks is iheresult 

„ the dfffr* « 3nd Ls « avuiin 
mat unique combination can be savoured 

n every ap ot 'Hite Horse. 

Blended to let the malt shine through- 

Distinctive Saudi Whisky. ■ 


in jet age 

Beryl Downing offers the novice buyer 
a comprehensive guide to the 
most engaging fashions in jewellery 

Cnartos MUgM 

Diamonds are trumps at this 
lime of year. Easter engage- 
ments are in the air, the 
jewellery business should be 
booming - but not if British 
bridegrooms can help it They 
are the meanest in the world. 

In the United States and 
Japan a groom is prepared to 
spend up to . three months 1 
salary on an engagement ring. 
In Britain, according to De 
Beers, he is loath to part with 
. more than ten days’ pay. We 
are a diamond-loving nation, 
the company says, for 75 per 
cent of brides choose dia- 
mond-only rings, but the aver- 
age cost is £193 - often less 
than is spent on the wedding 

Why? Because there is no 
Habitat and no Next in the 
jewellery business. Young 
couples have good, mass- 
produced design in furnishing 
and in fashion in every high 
street, but where are the 
trendy high street jewellers? 

“The jewellery trade is ripe 
for a Conran approach”, says 
David Thomas, who is re- 
sponsible for buying the mod- 
ern collection for the 
Worshipful Company of 
Goldsmiths and who this year 
celebrates his 25th anniversa- 
ry as goldsmith and 
:Iler.“A lot of jewellery is 
it by 25 to 35-year-okls 
but they are not being catered 

*Too many jewellers are 
under-financed and they 
daren't take the chance on 
designs that might not sell so 
they are miles behind all the 
other retailers — which drags 
the whole industry down." 

So if yon want to buy an 
engagement ring, or any piece 
of real jewellery, what should 
you look for and where should 
you go — the designer-maker, 
the auction room or the 
antique dealer? You can't 
acquire a lifetime's experience 
from a few. paragraphs, but 
here are some basic guidelines. 


Be prepared to invest in a 
young designer if yon like the 
style — you don't need to pay 
for a well-known name to get 
value and at least the piece 
you get will jre hand-made and 
individual rather than a mass 
produced piece. But remem- 
ber there is no such thing as a 
bargain in precious jewels — 
everyone knows someone who 
wfl] do a cut-price job, but you 
can’t get quality for cowries. . 

Style-setting designers are 
refkxrting the feeling for big- 
ger, more flamboyant 
jewellery. Leo de Vroonen, 
who this week won a De Beers 
international award for his 

striking triple bracelet in ebo- 
ny ana diamonds, makes dra- 
matic necklaces and rings in 
brilliant enamels set with huge 
glittering stones in pink, blue, 
orange and pale lilac. 

“J like to use topaz, 
aquamarines, amethyst and 
citrine because it means there 
is less restriction on the size", 
he says. “I'm sure people in 
this country would buy more 
exciting jewellery if only the 
retailers would show it" 

One of the most interesting 
selections of modern silver 
jewellery is to be found at 
Lesley Craze's gallery in Is- 
lington where she has a per- 
manent exhibition of work by 
40 young designers. 

Prices are modest — £32 for 
a sweeping sculptural hair pin 
by Susan May, £34 for a silver 
pin in the shape of an eagle by 
Lexi Dick to brushed silver 
bracelets at £160 and chunky 
necklaces at £280. 

From April 4 to 19 there will 
be a particularly exciting exhi- 
bition of work by a young 
Dutch designer Barbara Chris- 
tie who makes strongly geo- 
metric jewellery in mixtures of 
gold and silver - the chess- 
board brooch at £195 shown 
and a strongly abstract neck- 
lace, £350. If you buy her work 
you will be in good company 
as her clients include Barbara 
Rockefeller in New York and 
Prince Rainier of Monaco. 


Tempting but dangerous for 
the amateur. An auctioneer 
can describe a piece to the best 
of his beliefr but if he is wrong 
you have no comeback as you 
do with a reputable dealer. But 
an auction room is one of the 
best places to learn because 
you can ask to handle the 
pieces on the viewing days and 
you can check on, the prices 
they make. *• ^ ■ 

John Benjamin, a jewellery 
expert at Phillips in London 
suggests that inexperienced 
buyers should avoid expen- 
sive gem-set pieces where the 
quality of the stones is vital 
and look instead for Victorian 
jewellery, which he believes is 
still under-valued. 

“You can still get attractive 
caff links, buttons, tie pins, 
small broodies from £150 at 
auction", he says. “Make sure 
they are in good condition, not 
repa ir ed and not converted 
from something else — a new 
pin on a brooch, or changed 
fittings on earrings. 

“Beware of coloured stones 
— in some Georgian and 
Victorian pieces coloured foil 
was used to intensify the 
colour of the stones and in 
rings with enclosed backs it is 



Hare are some golden rates 
for anyone who needs to have 
their jewellery repaired. 

• The best protection is to -• 

take repairs to a Jeweller wh$ 
does aH his work on the 
premises, so that no work is 
sent out --2* „•». 

• Look for a jeweller w«i v‘-. | iea( i 

FGA (Fellow of the -nds 

Gemotogists’ Association) ; : t i C 
after his name- he wiB be afeiff 

■ cent 

) on 

Association of Goldsmiths. sicL-' 
this is no guide to 

qualifications.) ' V - , 

•Choose along- 
estabfched jewefier who hasa . 

p in 

i at 

i note of cautionary tales, r ; “ v 

• Be waned - never agree.- • “1 
to anything unless you know j *' ~ 
exactly what is to be done. . ures 
This is parbeutarty important if. ' ' \ 
the piece is antique, as ' ' 
modem techniques may nof 1 

match old craftsmanship. 

a the 
- ight 
r. infer 
: com 

impossible to tell without 
removing the stone. The most 
desirable pieces, and therefore 
those that will increase in 
value, are those with animal 
bird or flower motifs — the 
Victorians were obsessed fey 

The next sale of fine jewels 
at Phillips is on March 25 at 
1.30pm and includes pieces 
from about £200. Viewing is 
on March 21 and 24 and on 
the morning of the sale. 


“Don't be afraid of asking lots 
of questions", is the advice 
given by Vivienne Becker, 
author of a superb and lavish- 
ly illustrated book, An Nou- 
veau Jewelry (Thames and 
Hudson. £25). 

“But" she adds, “there is 
such a thing as being too 
suspicious. Some people are 
so afraid of being done that 
they miss really pretty things 
that might not be great coups 
but will give a lot of joy. Think 

of it as buying a piece of 

However, having worked in 
the antiques business and seen 
it change during the past 14 
years from "an artistic and fun 
occupation to really tough big 
business", she warns that it is 
possible to fake almost any- 
thing — and that applies 
particularly to an nouveau 
and art deco. 

David Callaghan of Han- 
cocks, the London jewellers 
who have been leaders in art 
nouveau design since it began, 
offer a simple rule of thumb — 
original English pieces were 
not hallmarked. French ones 


Lesley Craze, 5 Essex 
Road. London N1 (01-226 
3200) open Wednesdays to 

de Vroonen Design, 20-22 
Rosebery Avenue, London 
EC1 (01-837 4914). 

Diana Foley mid Madeleine 
Popper, stand LI 8-21 , Grays 

often were, however tiny the 
area available, and very good 
.American reproductions all 
have 14K stamped on them. 
There are exceptions, of 
course, but often only experts 
such as Hancocks, who have 
been in business for 1 38 years, 
can tell 

Don’t avoid antique mar- 
kets just because you are 
worried about authenticity for 
there are still collectable 
pieces to be found. If you are 
buying valuable stones then 
you must have complete faith 
in the dealer, or take an expert 
along with you. but there is 
beautiful metalwork still to be 

Mews Antique Market 1 
Davies Mews, London W1 (01- 
408 1089). 

Hancocks A Co, 1 
Burlington Gardens, London 
W1 (01-4938904). 

Phillips, 7 Blenheim Street. 
London W1 (01-629 6602). 

David Thomas. 65 Pimlico 
Road. London SW1 (01-730 

•Guttering prize* top, *4 
ebony, diamond and gold : 
bracelet Ly Leo de 
Vroonen £9,000; mid- ” ^ 
Victorian cold necklace, 
estimate £§®0 to £600 at r *- J 
Phillips far Aprd; Victorian ' 
cm steel medallion oecklacfe •.'■*•'.**** 
£330; jet necklace with Z Un S 

steel drops £380 and curved ’ ' • ns - 
steel hair slide £58 all at -■ ; . . ai j d 
Diana Foley. - J™* 

Left ear; carved siber *QP 

earring by Angela Bfeleaberg 
£90 pair. 

Right ear: triangular ~|P 

engraved silver earring with 
single ruby by Fran Sawef L -l ted 
£1 10 pair both at Lesley -y-*: ■ 
Craze. * « r Mr 

Top of neck: flat linked ' - .1 - sen 

18ct gold bracelet set with 17' V — 
diamonds £4300 by David ’ !i‘.' 
Thomas; Victorian gold locket* * 
estimate £350 to £400 at ind 
Phillips in April; 18ct goUF ,: '. * 
necklace with coral and •■'•“ly 

diamond centre £1,900 by - 
David Thomas; haematite, _ , 
citrine and 18ct gold enamel! ; 

necklace £10,000 by Leo " ' ■ 

de Vroonen. t 

Left shoulder: gold snake .. 'Jig 1 
with Mae enamel and diamdn?!-* 
bead estimate £2,500 to 
' £2.000 at Phillips on March J 

25 . ; /■ ! 

Right shoulder: flower jy ;» ‘ 

brooch in cut steel £55 at 
Diana Foley; dress board hi ; 
silver and gold by Barbara - 
Christie £195 at Lesley — 

Craze. . . 

had — John Benjamin suggests!" 
looking for Berlin Iron Work* 
and Victorian cut steel work." ' t 

Diana Foley and Madeleine 
Popper at Grays in the Mews. ; 
Antique Market are leading- - 
specialists in both forms! of 
jewellery — the one developed ; 
as a Berlin war effort against ',*■ ■! 
Napoleon, the other from* 
decorative sword hilts. : ■ . *■ . « 

The Berlin work is becom- • 
ing rare and is therefore nor* .* 
cheap — delicate iron filigree 
medallions made into braefc \- 
lets are about £600. brooches' 
are from £200, The cut steel 
(not mareasite, which is indi- Z. 
vidually set pieces of iron - 
pyriie) is available as smal) ~ 
brooches at £45, shoe buckles 1 
£62 a pair, elaborate necklaces' . ! 
at about £300 - but all likely 1 ; 
to increase in value, if ihat-is I 
your main objective. 

IF it is not. before you gb.. • 
shopping for any piece -df.. 
jewellery remember Colette’s ~ 
advice: Don't ever wear arti£ " 
tic jewellery. It wrecks id 
woman's reputation. *V 

Roads back to Rhone 

“I have an 1835 price list on 
my desk", .says Gerard 
Jaboulet with a smile that is 
part pleasure and part pride, 
“that quotes Hermitage and 
Haul Brion at five francs a 
bottle, while Mouton and 
Latour are at four". 

M. Jaboulet is keen to 
explain to me that, before the 
phylloxera aphid's devasta- 
tion of French vineyards in 
the late 19tb century, the 
Rhone’s greatest red wine. 
Hermitage, was as at least as 
revered as the greatest clarets. 

Bordeaux's vineyards (be- 
cause of the relatively simple 
process of grafting on to 
American rootstocks) had. re- 
covered from the aphid attack 
by the end of the century, but 
by the time the Rhone’s 
tortuously steep hillside vine- 
yards at Hermitage and else- 
where and been rebuilt, the 
region’s earlier reputation had 
been forgotten, and wine 
drinkers and transferred their 
allegiance to Bordeaux and 

Jaboulet believes that the 
Rhone is only now catching 
up. “It lakes a long time to 
come back”, he sighs. But 
more optimistically be ex- 
plains that the Rhone's pro- 
duction and export figures 
have improved dramatically 
in the past 30 years; in 1950 
the Rhone’s total crop was 
35&000 hectolitres, of which 7 
per cent was exported, com- 
pared with !980's harvest of 2 
million hectolitres, of which 
37 per cent was exported. 

Plainly we are al! beginning 
to appreciate the Rhone; bul 
do toda/s wine buffs rate it 
alongside premier grand cm 
cl ass e claret? 

Jaboulet leaps to. the de- 
fence of his region, citing with 
pride a recent blind tasting of 
young wines at which his own 
Hermitage La Chapel le had 

Proud: Girard Jaboulet 

been slipped in alongside a 
range of first growth clarets. 
Not only did no one spot it. 
but when the marks were 
toned up Hermitage had 
scored 1S.S out of 20 and 
Latour 18.1 He also claims 
(although 1 am not certain I 
agree with him) that old 
Hermitage is almost indistin- 
guishable from old claret 

I need no prompting to 
appreciate either the Syrah 
grape’s glorious purple-black 
colour or its seductive, mus- 
ky-spicy perfume and similar- 
ly intense scented, tannic 
palate. Nor do I have any 
difficulty in placing the finest 
Rhone reds such as Hermitage 
and Cote Rotie. made from 
the Syrah, alongside the best 
from Bordeaux. 

The Syrah grape has an 
intriguing history with various 
theories put forward as to who 
planted the grape in the Rhone 
(the Greeks or ihe Romans?) 
and where it came from 
(Persia or the Mediterra- 
nean?). Gerard Jaboulet is 
adamant. “The Syrah came 
from Lebanon in 4BC or 5BC 
and Phoenician traders 
bought it by boat to France. 
You know the Romans were 
very surprised to see grapes 

growing at Hermitage." 

Jaboulet is as up-to-date 
with the modern movements 
of the Syrah grape as he is with 
the okL He enjoys Penfold'^ 
Grange Hermitage' from Aus- 
tralia: “It looks a little bit like 
Cote Rotie”. 

The Rhone is still the Syrah 
grape's stronghold and Paul 
Jaboulet Aine's wines are 
some of the finest the region 
produces: in a good year such 
as 1983 there is little, it seems, 
that is not worth buying; E ven 
a humble '83 Cote du Rhone, 
chez Jaboulet with its touch 
of Syrah in the blend, is a 
delirious, big, ripe raspberry- 
redolent wine. (OW Loeb, 15 
Jermvn Street, London SWI. 

Similarly the '83 
Vacqueyras, that southern 
Cote du Rhone neighbour of 
Gigondas. is at Jaboulet's a 
lovely deep-purple, juicy- 
fruity wine that reminded me 
of both bteck and red summer 
fruits. (OW Loeb. £5.09.) At 
this price level Jaboulet's 
Crozes-Hermitage is an even 
better buy, and their straight 
"83 Crozes-Hermitage with its 
trufrley. fruity smell and taste, 
is good value at £4.74 
(O.W.L oeb) or £3.59 at Majes- 
tic Wine Warehouses. 

But what would perhaps 
please Gerard Jaboulet most is 
that OW Loeb is cunently 
selling to the trade a limited 
second allocation of the ’83 
Hermitage La Chapelle. 
(Jaboulet rates this at 19.5 out 
of 20. half a point behind the 
legendary. 1961.) When 
stockists and prices have been 
worked out (write to OW Loeb 
for stockist details) it is likely 
to fetch about £30 a bottle: 
exactly the price that '83 
Mouton. Latour and Haut- 
Brion fetched. 

Jane MacQuitty 










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- 1 ^ 


THE TIMES MARCH 1531 1986 

Qassical records 



A master in 
charge of 

Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 1-S Leipzig 
Gewantffiaus/Masur. Philips 416 274-2 (6 CDs) 

Beethoven: Symphonies NOS 1-9 Concertgebouw/ 

Mengeiberg. Philips 416 200-2, 201-2, 202-2, 203-2, 204-2, 205-2 
(6 CDs available separately) 

Beethoven: Symphonies Nos 7-8 Berlin PO/Furtwangler. DG 
415 666-2 (CD) 

Haydn: Symphony No 88, Schumann: Symphony No 4 Berlin 

PO/Furtwangler. DG 415 661-2 (CD) 

Brahms: Symphony No 1, “St Antoni” Variations Berlin 
PO/FurtwSngler. DG 415 662-2 (CD) 

PO/FurtwSngler. DG 415 662-2 (CD) 

Schubert Symphony No 9, Rosamunds overture Berlin 

PO/Furtwangler. DG 415 660-2 (CD) 

Wagner Orchestral Excerpts Berlin PO/Furtwangler. DG 415 

663- 2 (CD) 

Bruckner Symphony No 4 Berlin PO/Furtwangler. DG 415 . 

664- 2 (CD) 

A Paganini: Gidon Kramer DG 415 484-2 (CD) 

Nono: Fragments- Stifle LaSalle Quartet DG 415 513-2 (CD) 

I had intended to spend most 
of this review on the versions 
of the Beethoven symphonies 
newly released on compact 
disc, but the appearance in the 
new medium of a batch of 
Furtwangler recordings rather 
changes all that h is very 
difficuJL for instance, to re- 
spond favourably to the open- 
ing movement of the Seventh 
conducted by Masur or 
Mengeiberg when the Furt- 
wangler is so toweringly im- 

The Masur set has the 
selling point that it is the first 
on CD in digital recordings, 
but nobody is going to be 
worried about sound quality 
when they are listening to 

One hears far more from 
Berlin in the 1950s than from 
Leipzig in the 1980s, in terms 
of purposeful bass lines, of 
meaningful wind playing, of 
harmonic weight of music 

Mengelberg's Beethoven 
seems histrionic, and not only 
by comparison. Obviously 
there is Dutch piety that keeps 
his recordings alive, but I 
cannot see that we need him in 
the way that we need Furt- 
wangler — not when we have, 
for example. Bernstein. 

The interest of the present 
re-releases, of which the Bee- 
thoven set forms only a part 
will be for students of per- 
forming practice, who may 
find MengelbCTg’s 1939 St 
Matthew Passion positively 
freakish, besides being dimly 

Glory in 
for men 
at war 


In rehearsal’ Wilhelm Fmti 
conductor, with the Berlin 

eat German 

fill: the Bruckner Fourth finds 
the horns off-colour and is 
wrongly motivated, unwilling 
to allow so many emphatic Paganini, fuses its ghosts into 
statements of the obvious. But more of a perpetual stringy 
one looks forward to more of suspension. and the 
his performances reaching sil- composer's usual wild gesticu- 
verln his centenary year. la lions are as if gagged. There 

is also another set of Paganini 
Finally some new music, variations, by Nathan 
There is a slight Beethoven Milstein, more b rillian t than 
connection in Gidon searching, and a virtuoso 
Kramer's astonishing recital study by Paganini's conte ro- 
of virtuoso solo violin music, porary Heinrich Wilhelm 
Ernst that manages to be both 

worried about sound flamboyant and touch- 

ing to Furtwangler ^The Nono • quartet. 

Fragmenle-Stiile, is disap- 

since one of _ the George pointing. The filaments ap- 

ry and devilment of Kramer’s 

The title track, Shnitke's A 

Finally some new music. 
There is a slight Beethoven 
connection in Gidon 
Kramer's astonishing recital 
of virtuoso solo violin music. 

Nobody is going to be worried about sound 
quality when listening to Furtwangler 

Furtwangler is another mat- 
ter. speaking as cogently now 

Sir Richard Attenborough 
once remarked that all war 
films are really anti-war films; 
but that is not necessarily bow 
audiences perceive them and 
for every picture on the futility 
and waste of conflict there are 
dozens that glorify in the 

Much of the quality of John . 
Ford’s They Were Expendable 
(BBCl, tomorrow, 3.05- 
5.15pm) is that it overturns 
the cliches. It is by no means a 
tract against war but nor is it a 
piece of simple jingoism. It is 
about professionalism and 
courage and men doing their 
best in daunting circum- 

The fOm is set against the 
background of the worst de- 
feat suffered by the United 
States during the Second 
World War. the fall of the 
Philippines to the Japanese. 
The very title suggests a 
cynical disregard for human 

Yet the film is far from 
being downbeat and pessimis- 
tic. Ford’s theme, one that 
appears several times in his 
work, is glory in defeat The 
American forces may have 
been forced into a humiliating 
retreat but their heroism ana 


As Hs&Oar towBes, rm Vety 
Glad You Asked Me That 
(Radio 4 tang wit*, FA If- 

H ABam) is ** txmmn&a of 
that absorbing— media 
iBstitfrotioa, the poBtksi in- 
terview. n is «• 
gfaafedwHft gcga. „ ^ 

■ as the pre s ente r; Patrick 
Hannan, reminds os th* radio 
and tefevisiea ceirfnwtatioo « 
we know it today > of fairly 

recent origin. Er&luftetflrif 

1960s most qmftpwwte 
almost no embarrassed to 

Standing by: John Wayne (left} and Robert 
take a break on location for Tbey Were Ej 

The Bulkeky character, 
called Brickiey in the filing is 
.played by Robert; Montgom- 
ery, who also dire(ft& the final 
scenes after Ford . was badly 
injured in a faff John Wayne 
is the second-in-command 
and the cast is sprinkled with 
such Ford regulars as Ward 
Bond. Russell Simpson and 

Jack Pennicfc. i 

They Were Expendable isa 
war film concerned less with 
the mechanics of battle — 
though the action sequences 


Rochberg Caprice Variations 

as ever he did. Apart from the' plays has an allusion to the 
Beethoven coupling, he offers finale of the A major symptao- 

powerfully embodied as a 
process of thought. More sur- 

process of thought. More sur- 
prisingly. perhaps, one hears a 
good deal of wit as well in 
Furtwangler's account of the 
Eighth Symphony, though it is 
the Seventh that has the 
commanding performance, 
proceeding entire from its 
first, gritty not-quite-tutti. 

the nearest approach to the 
yearning Byronic dissatisfac- 
tion of Schumann’s D minor 
symphony (with a glorious 
Haydn 88), expectable mas- 
tery in Brahms and Schubert, 
and a Wagner selection that 
reaches deep in the Tristan 
prelude and in Good Friday 
Music from Parsifal \ 

He is not always so wonder- 

But this is only one of the 

pear as evocations and 
memories of Webern and 
Berg, but deprived of all 
energy, and the yawning si- 
lences seem to be meekly 

dignity were unshaken. 

They Were Expendable was 
taken from a best-selling book 
about Lieutenant John 
Bulkeley, who bad command- 
ed a motor torpedo squadron 
in the Philippines during the 
Japanese invasion. Ford spent 
much of the war in the United 
States Navy as head of the 
Field Photographic Brandi 
and he donated his salary 
from They Were Expendable 
to building a recreation centre 
for Field Photographic Branch 

ghosts Rochberg and Kroner accepted as inevitable, not 
reawaken: Schubert, Chopin, warred with as in Barraqu£ or 

Webern and Mahler are in charged with tension as in 
there as well, not to mention Boulez. This is more sad 

all the other composers who evidence that Nono has lost 
have been the way of his music with his political 

Paganini's compelling theme engagement 

before, and not to mention 

Paganini himself in the devil- Pi 

Paul Griffiths 

The Bank Dick (1940): 

W. C. Fields m a surreal 
comedy (Channel 4, . . a 
tomorrow, 3.55*5.1 5pm). . . 

• Strawberry FfeMs (1985): 
West German Hm about two 
political extremists on the - 
run (Channel 4, Thors, 9.30- 
ll^bpm). • ' 

Sweet Wiliam (1979): Sam 
Waterston as ah enraging 
philanderer (BBCl.FrC 
11.35pro-1.05am). • 

First British tfltovfcec showin g. 

• aoe brffiiantty staged >? than 
the Inman dmaCntootL Justly 
remembered is tbcTsoeoe in 
the hospital where -members 
of the squadron gather ; st. the 
bedside of a wounded, cal' 
lessee. Their cheafsM banter 
tries to disgpise witak they — 
and : he — already know, that 
he is about to dte.?lfe setae is 

„ deeply .moving bet devoid of 

• sentimentality, v. 

They Were Expendable 
.'opened in the United States 
on December 7* 3945 — the 
. fourth anniversary of Pearl 
HarboKL The fihn was coolly 
received. . Ford told Lindsay 
Anderson a -few years Jarer 
lhal. he had; set seen a single 
foot of ix and added: “I just 
can’t believe that film is any 
■' good". ' 

- Ford came to reverse bis 
.verdict "and critical opinion 

- fas a&xdone a U-turn since 
. the firsts mainly hostile, reac- 
tions. Describedhy Anderson 
as a an heroic bootT, They 
■ Were Expendable can now be 
•seen as one of the finest films 

to dome out of the Second 

- World War. .Or. for that 
matter, any war. . 

r The more ataufo style 

■ the invention sKf 

Aoflrii even be could be cat 
down re si» by Mrs Thatcher 
calling hint “Mr Day" instead 
of “Sir Robin’*. The Mart 
successful inquisitor of Mis T 
is not * gaafcsaSoaKJ hot a 
member of the public. • - 

Given her chance arA*- 
tionwide. Ml* Diana Goold 
managed by perafetetof. 
probm* over foe stoking of foe 
Belgrano to reduce even the 
Iron Lady to disconcerted 

Unusual variations on choral themes 

One hesitates to speculate about how 
many fine recordings of Elgar's_ Enigma 
Variations already languish in some 
archival vault at EMI. Sir Charles 
Mackerras’s new account does not strike 
me as sufficiently different or distin- 
guished to warrant a whole-hearted 
recommendation, but there are a few 
unusual features. 

Elgar: Enigma Variations, Falstaff 
LTO/Mackerras. EMI EL27 0374 (1 black 
disc, also cassette) 

Sibeftus: Kullervo Symphony, Oma 

maa, Tulen synty Helsinki PO/Berglund. 
EMI EX27 0336 3 (2 black discs, alsa - 

VOta-Lobos, Castelnuova-Tedesco: 
Guitar Concertos Moreno, Mexico 
PO/Batiz. EMI EL27 0330 1 (1 black 
disc, fllso cassette) 

Schutz: Der Sctiwanengesaira 
Hanover Boys Choir, Hilliard fcnsembte; 
London Baroque/Hennig. EMI EX27 
0275 3 (2 black discs, also cassettes) 

Often (as in “Nimrod") he gives strong 
prominence to a cello or viola counter- 

point, eliciting winsome playing from the 
London Philharmonic Orchestra's lower 

London Philharmonic Orchestra's lower 
strings in the process. His tempi some- 
times veer towards extremes: the 
“Theme" and “C.A.E." are spado os and 
expansive, whereas Bulldog Dan, as 
portrayed in this “GJLS.", must be the 
fastest thing on four legs, and the finale 
also seems rather breathless, at least 
until a gloriously prominent organ 
weighs in over the last few pages. 

work has been overshadowed ever since. 
Both here and in Villa-Lobos’s more 
ardently rhapsodic 1951 concerto Alfon- 
so Moreno reveals an excellent technique 
and a flamboyant, if sometimes rather 
splashy, approach to tins quintessential 
guitar repertoire. 

Man on the prowl Tor plaudits 


Bat the mysterious passions of that 
most enigmatic variation 'of all. No 13, 
seem all too well-hidden here, and rather 
a bland quality pervades Mackerras's 
shaping of other slow movements, too. 
The Enigma Variations, of course, 
marked a crucial turning-point in Elgar's 
career, prior to which he had tended to 
produce workmanlike bat not vastly 
inspired choral cantatas oo legendary 
themes. There is an interesting parallel 
in another late Romantic's career, for 
Sibelius's Kullervo Symphony, Op 7, is 
also an epic choral work, taking the 
ancient Finnish folk-poetry of the 
Kalevala as its text, and written before 
the composer had really found his true 

voice. (Sibelius later withdrew it; it was 
revived after his death.) 

Kullervo is, nevertheless, an impres- 
sive if hardly entertaining work. The 
brooding, Ugrian spirit of the musk is 
well captured by the Helsinki Philhar- 
monic under Paavo Berahmd here, and in 
the Wagnerian central movement the 
passionate dialogue between Kullervo 
and his sister (they unwittingly commit 
incest) Is given full-blooded teatment by 
the mezzo Eeva-Lusa Naumanen and the 
ever-reliable baritone Jorma Hymunea. 
The choral forces, gathered from Helsin- 
ki University and an Estonian male-voice 
choirare given little opportunity to shine 
bat come into their own in the two short 
choral fillers. 

From hotter dimes comes an attractive 
disc of guitar concertos. Castetanova- 
Tedesco had the misfortune to write his 
in 1939 — the same year as Rodrigo 
produced his Conderto de Aranjuet — 
and the Italian's charming neo-classical 

Lastly to a fascinating piece of 
reconstruction: of the 80-year-old 
Heinrich Schtttz's “opus uhinnmr, here 
called by its rather fanciful sub-title, Der 
Schwanengesang. Seven of its nine vocal 
parts were found in 1900, lost again 
during the Second World War, and 
rediscovered in 1970. The organ part 
surfaced in a Cologne second-hand 
bookshop in 1930. 

Wolfram Steude pot the whole lot 
together, adding the two misting lines 
and supplying the entire orchestration 
(recorders, cornets, trombones, strings 
and various co ntino o instruments, afl 
disposed according to impeccably schol- 
arly g uidelin es) for a 1981 per f or man ce 
in Dresden, Schfltz’n home town. The 
edition was published last year. 

It is essentially a superbly varied 
German setting of Psalm 119 pins Psalm 

If one of the glories of British 
television is that it can devote 
two hours of peak time- view- 
ing to a dissertation on man, 
where he came from and 
where he is going, then Ori- 
gins (BBC2, Tues, 8-30- 
1035pm) should be set to win 
the plaudits. 

But critical faculties should 
not be suspended simply be- 
cause it is a worthy project It 
is one of these big co-produc- 
tion jobs, involving eight 
countries each with their own 
version and linkman. The 
American host is Christopher 
{Superman) Reeve, while bat- 
ting for Bn tain and not look- 
ing a bit like a film star is Dr 
Jonathan Miller. 

! x-W ! " 

p '?.**<•} 



Uy- « * 

- C 

■ ' ' 

■■ -\ 


Magee ami offering a nice 
diversity of leakers and sub- 
..jec&V.^l-v. . 

• " As'ihe 'ratings battle rages 
. elsewhere, rt hgood to have at 
J least 45 nrfpfltttoa week free of 
, Terry Wogati and Dirty Den. 

~ J. ML Synge’s Hadtcometfy 
of Irish peastat folk, Baxter.: 
of the Western World (Chaa-^ 

nei 4, Mon, H)pm-1 235am), 
is an appropriate choice for St . : 
Patrick's Day.This isa reconk 
ed-for-televisioH version of 
the acclaimed pmdoo km by 
the Druid Theatre Company 
of Galway. ' . > 

Scientific: JeuathanMQler, 
copresenter of Origins 

100 ami the Magnificat. The rich and 
fluid amalgam tf plainsong, polychoral 

fluid amalgam of plainsong, prtychoral 
antipbonal writing, solo and concertante 
passages, and immensely well-crafted 
sections where Gregorian melodies are 
set against fast-nKmutg choral textures 
all support the assertion that Schutz 
intended this as his art's summation. 

Richard Morrison 

Prowling around a set that 
could have been left over from 
one of his BBC Shakespeares, 
Miller explores the whithers 
and wherefores of man with 
the help of a cluster of 
Horizon-style film reports.. 
Charles Darwin takes on 
Adam and Eve but even at the 
end of two fairly solid hours, it 
is not entirely clear who wins. 

Thinking Aloud is another 

minority programme for 
which we can feel grateful. 
Tomorrow night’s edition 
(BBC2, 8.45-930pm) is the 
fast in the present series and 
poses the question “Why do 
we value the arts?" to Christo- 
pher Fray ling from the Royal 
College of Art, the Oxford 
Poetry Professor Peter Levi 
and your favourite and mine; 
Melvyn Bragg. 

Thinking Aloud has settled 
into an excellent series, intelli- 
gently chaired by Bryan 

The, cinema gets- a. good 
airing on re starting tomor- 
row with The. British Acade- 
my Awards . (8-10. 15pm). 
which also take in television 
and are. hosted by Micbad 

Then on Thursday, the 
Queen is back from the: eggs 
and bare bottoms of Austral- 
asia for the Royal FOm Perfor- 
mance (10.40-1 1.25pm), with 
Judith C halmer s not far be- 

But anyone feeling over- 
whelmed by the blandness of 
these occasions can find the 
corrective on Wednesday 
(ITV, 940pm) when the sec- 
ond of-three “personal views" 
of British cinema is presented 
by Lindsay Anderson. 

evasion. ... 

After the Wdsh it fa the 
taraofthe Irish to have wweek 
of drama on Radio 4. The mart 
su bstantial item promises w 
be Remembrance (MoMklS? ; 
845pmk a love story inrotviug 
two 60-year-oMs who have lost 
sons murdered daring the 
Irish troBhfcs.One.fa a Catira- 
fic, the other a Protestant and 
the play the explores the. 
Candy bitterness which theft . 
friendship provokes. 

Remembrance h written by 
Graham Reid, who in the 
tekvishw "BiBf* plays and,--; 
more recently, six dramas with, 
an Ub^ setting under foe 
title Ties of Blood* has showa . 

himself one of the most sensi- 
tive intepreters of the Irish . 
tragedy,:Able to get beneath 
the sectarian finds and look at 
the thouglrts and e m oti n n a of 

ottfisary people caught an wfll- 

inriy mthecodHteL ... 

Vaughan WiDiams in His 
Time (Radfa.3, today, 2-4pm) 
is the first of nine weekly 
programmes, each featuring 
one of foe symp h oni es • of 
Ralph Vaughan Williams and 
recreating the concert pro- 
grammes in- which they . .were - 
firsthand. The series iegfns 
with ftis choral trade, A Sea 
SifapMony, first given at the 
LetifaFesival in Sift. 

iA-Sea Symphony began as 
Songs of the Sea, with words 
by. foe poet Walt Whitman 
whom Vaughan Williams de- 
scribed as "one of foe three 
greatest human beings I 
would have liked to have 
met". It fa played by the 
London Symphony Orchestra, 
conducted by Andre Previn 
with soloists Heather Harper 
and John Shirley Quirk. 

There are two notable radio 
anniversaries next week. The 
News Haddliaes starts its 20th 
series (Radio 2, Thors, 10-10- 
30pm; repeated on Radio 4, 
Fri, 4.05pm} with Roy Hudd, 
Chris Emmett and Jane 

The other landmark is foe 
40th anniversary of Afistair 
Cooke's Letter From America 
(Radio 4, Fri, 9J0-9-45pm) 
started on March 24, 1946 as 
American Letter, assmned its 
present tide in 1949 and fa 
heard hi every continent Next 
week's edition fa. number 



•v., " ^:-^i 

'*- u 


ROBERT CRAY: There is no 
more authentic rhythm 'n' 
blues band to be heard than 
Cray’s quartet providing 
soulful backgrounds for his 
pleasant voice and eloquent 

Festival HaH Mon, 

onight, Newcastle upon 
Tyne Polytechnic (0632 
326002): tomorro 

-r : 

326002); tomorrow, 

Htaburgh Playhouse (031 557 

not be a part of the 
promotional campaign for 
Absolute Beginners, but there 
never was a cooler 
spokesman for the Beat 

Tonight, Dingwalis, 

Camden Loot, London NW1 
(01-267 4967). 

A superlative unit of young 
British ja zz musicians 
featuring - inevitably - the 
nano of the brilliant Django 

Tomorrow, Bass Clef, 35 
Coronet Street, London N1 

SOLO BACH: The fine 
American cellist Lynn Harrell 
plays three popular 
unaccompanied Bach suites: 
Nos 1.5 and 6. 

Wigmore Hall. 36 Wigmore 
Street, London W1 (01-935 
2141). Today, 7.30pm. 

Ashkenazy and the RPO in 
Sibelius's Symphony No 5 and 
Vatse Triste, and 
Rachmaninov's Symphony No 

Royal Festival HaD, South 

Mahler's Symphony No 6 is 
performed by the LPO 
under KJausTennstedt 
Royal Festival HaU, Tues, 

Sonnets and some of the 
Mephisto music. 
Wigmore HaU, Wed, 

SOLEMN MASS: With the 
Tallis Choir, ECO and soloists, 
Jeffrey Tate conducts 
Beethoven’s Mfssa Sofemnis. 
Barbican Centre. Sffk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795, credit cards 01 -638 
8891). Wed, 7.30pm. 

Ashkenazy and the RPO again, 
this time in Debussy's 
Nocturnes and La Mar, and 
with Jessye Norman in 
Berlioz' s la Mart do Cteop&tne. 
Royal Festival Hall. Wed, 

SS)eiius’s PeBeas at 
MdHsande music and with 
Kyung Wfta Chung in the 
Violin Concerto. 

Royal Festival HaU. Thurs, 

opera The Snow Makten, 

' •> 

based on Ostrovsky’s fairy- 
tale. Sotofsts inclwfe Aime 
Dawson and Bddwen 
Harrhy. The conductor is 
Howard Wiliams. . ' 

The Place, J 7 Dukes Road, 
London Wd;Bkmmsbu*y 
ThjMtre. Gordon Street 

telephone 01-388 1394. 

Bank, London SE1 (01-928 
3191), credit cards Of-928 

3191). credit cards 01-928 
8800). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

Star on sax: John Snrman, 
appearing in Camden 

Philharmonia Orchestra is 

and most highly 
recommended. Wed is for 
Melba Liston, the arranger 
and trombonist, leading a 17- 

con ducted by Esa-Pekka 
Salonen in Mahler's Symphony 

judge from his earlier 
appearances, Eari Wild’s 
three Liszt recitals, marking 
the centenary of the 
composer's death, should be 
sensational. The first 
includes Ballade No 2. foe 
Dante Sonata, Petrarch 


Hilary Davan Wetton conducts 
the Holst Singers and City 
of London Sinfbnia in the Sf 
John Passion by Bach. 

Rogers Covey-Crump is the 

St John's, Smith Square, 
London SW1 (01-222 1061). 
Thurs, 7.30pm. 

The Philharmonia and Esa- 
Pekka Salonen in 
Schoenberg's Verktarte Nacht, 

Janowski conducts the Pro 
Mu^ca Chorus, LSO and 
soloists in Mozart's great 
Mass in C minor K 427; it is 
preceded bjrBeethoven's 

Barbican Centre. Thurs, 


Tarkovsky is ill, so Coverrt 
Garden's new FHegende 
HoBander which opens on Mon 

company's spring tour starts 

Monteverdi's 77» 

Coronation of Poppea. Ivan 
nscher conducts a cast led . 

1 a. iBftiamr. 

piece all-British band. 
Hipsters. Hipsters and 

lipsters, flipsters and finger- 
poppin' daddies wifi already 
have booked for Fri and Sat 
devoted to Art Blakey's 
Jazz Messengers plus the 

THE POGUES: St Patrick's 
Night revels, and beyond, from 
Elvis Costello’s favourite 

Mon and Tues. 

Hammersmith Palais, 242 
Shepherds Bush Road, 
London W6 (01-748 2812). 


Mike Ashman, making his 
house debuL Attention now 
focuses on the West 
German conductor Gerd 
Albrecht also making his 
Royal Opera debut The cast is 

Star easts 
Plowright at 

Thurs and Fri. Lo tr a i ns t a (in 
Jonathan Meier's orioinal 



week for the Dteratc George 

MacDonald's novel ' ••• 

Phantasies gives name and 
inspiration to a new ra 


young dance troupes called 
IDJ, foe Jazz Defektora and 
foe Jazz Five. 

From Mon. Shaw Theatre, 

100 Euston Road. London 
NW1 (01-3881394). 

Almost a star in the early 
seventies, he remains one 
of rock's few genuine 
humorists, taking on 
aspiring yuppies with foe keen 
yet gentle wit he once 
Brought to bear on fading 


Kicks off on Mon with 
Courtney Pine's quartet 
and the astonishing Loose 
Tubes, followed on Tues 
and Thurs by the all-star 
quartet of John Surman 
(saxophones), Albert 
Mangeisdorff (trombone). 
Dave Holland (bass) and EJvin 
Jones (drums) - what they 
used to call a "dream band” 


Tnurs to March 23. Half 
Moon, 93 Lower Richmond 
Road, London SW15 (01- 

OPERA: General public 
booking opens this week 
for May and June 
performances of The Magic 
Flute. Parsifal and Busora's 
Doctor Faust. 

ENO, London Coliseum, St 
Martin's Lane, London WC2 

COMPANY: Booking open for 
Stratford's third theatre, 

The Swan, which opens in ApiH 
with The Two Noble 
Kinsmen foflowed by Every 
Man in Ns Humour and The 
Rover. Royal Shakespeare 

Theatre opens new season 
with 1 Romeo and Juliet 
(previews from March 31). 
with FBgW and The Art of 
Success at the Other Place. 
Royal Shakespeare 
Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon 

Henze, who is compos 
tn-resfdence. June 6-22 
Aide burgh Foundation, 

by Paul Barker, presented at 
The Place on Tues, Thurs 
a nd Mar 22 ina double-biB with 
Richard Hawfans new - 
Other Vqicbs, based on the 
poetry of Rilke. 

Performances at 8pm by the 
Modem MusteTlSre 

■ At Bloomsbury Theatre - • 

English on Wed; Fri and Mar 22 
.at 7.30pm. Niches 22 

Cleoburyconducts the British 

premiere of foe 1 8-year-oW 
Mozart's origmal score, 
S^LogaiHaflOT Thurs at =.' 
7j30pm the Chelsea Opera 
Groupgives a angle concert 
performances English of 

' RBTOky-Korsakov’sfaSk 

High Street, Aldeburah, 
Suffolk. 072 885 2S35. 

Further performance on Fri. 
Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01 -2401 066),... 

Suffolk. 072 885 2935. 
Tel/personal booking from 
March 24. 

Personal and phone booking 
for April programme which 
includes Yehudi Menuhin 70th 
birthday concert South 
Bank Concert Halls, London, 
SE1. 01-31 91 (credit cards). 
01-928 3002 (information). 

Postal booking opens this 
week. Festival focusses 
this year on Hans Werner 


WOMEN: Last performances 
today of play by Thomas 
Middleton and Howard Barker, 
in production by William 
GaskfH, with Nigel Davenport, 
Maggie Steed, Joanne 

Maggie Steed, Joanne 
Whailey. 4pm and 8pm. 
Royal Court Stoane 

Square, London SW1 (01-730 

OPERA: A new production of 
Parsifal opens tonight 
(5pm). Warren Ellsworth 
makes his house debut In 
foe titte role with Anna Evans, . 
Gwynne Howell and Neil 
Hewlett Also Jonafoan Miller's 
The Magic Flute on Tues - 

and Thurs at7pm, and Madam 
Butterfly in Graham' yfcfc's • 
striking production on Wed arid 
Mar 22 at 7.30 pm. 

London Coliseum, St 
Martin's Lane, London WC2 
(01-8363161). ■ • 


BPjg*2S>M on M/ed and Mar 

^S BatevnonW9d 

grand Theatre, New 


^oduefion, nowtumto. ' 

show. Performances . . • 

tenjg^Mon, wed arid Mar 22 
T ^ 4 Oxford Real. 

Manchester ( 061 -273 4SQ4); ' 

c oacwte Max Haitisw* 

' Richard WaUass ; 
' Opera: Hfiajy Finrfi. 

Bookhms: • 

- Aone 


K>v *■ 


!i Lir 

- . 

C r. : 
■ • 




Spikey Dodds is a typical 
British sixteen year old, leaving 
school this year. 

But to Japan, and our other 
international competitors, he’s 
a big threat. 

That’s because this year 




he’ll be starting 2 years paid 
skill training on the new YTS. 

He’ll begin his course by 

train for through to the end of 
the second year. 

By then he’ll have a skill, 
a certificate to prove it, and a 
better chance of getting a job. 

Our competitors in the Far 
East and Europe have been 
training their young people like 

It’s made them more effi- 
cient and more productive and 

it’s helped them take trade away 
from us. 

But from now on they’re 
going to have to watch out. 
Spikey will be spending 

the next two years learning how 
to take trade away from them 

for a change. Along with about 
360,000 other ambitious 
British school leavers. 






THF. TIMES MARCH 15-21 1986 


nn¥> Barbican CerAre. Silk Si . EC2Y 80S 

VVI9 01-633 8891 /62S 8795 

Telephone Bookings: 10 am- 8 pm 7'days a week 

Gv-c*3 -tLjoOrfl 

hfakUr^eA* t ' . ' nr JU i ■■ > < t~i 


■ * if ^* » ‘ »' " ■!■ i '. i T' tM i n « kr «< n i 

■arnfr vfri i t 

S j . y ^ i ! ■ ; ; *7 » i i flT r7 7 fc r t> 1 ! l *vn<7^rLnj l 

*1 > ■ ' l ' i J | f fauL i y th T teAmpf^ * 




Bring yoor Tcddki for yxnc -S yrUig t u nr Pus! 

raft, me Ted* Be*a newel 5aSoe,H«npi0e. Thunder 

'iHn ; , ,i^,aa 

i -i:' 

Thursday 20 Match 7.45pm Barbican Hall 

aw mm marekjanowski 

l i ffi i Wd conducts. . 

MONDAYS MARCH at 7.45 ym -' 



MOZART Mass in C 






Principal Conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli 
Principal Guest Cond.: Esa-Pekka Salonen 



Monday Next 17 March at 7 JO 


Thursday Next 20 March at 730 


Sibelius: Pellets et Melisande 
Schoenberg: Verkl2rte Nacbt 
Sibelius: Violin Concerto 





Monday 24 Match at 730 pm 
* * * ★ 

Thursday 27 March at 730 


Britten: The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra 
Britten: Nocturne 
Elgar: Symphony NoJ2 


JILL GOMEZ soprano 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No 4 


Sponsored by HAY-MSL 
SearPriccs£»0 SO. £».50.£7.50. £6. £4 50 
Box Office tel: 10-8 every day inc. Sun 01-038 8891*28 8795 



\ Moon .... Pl«VO CONCERTO NCX21, 1U67 

|\ll Mendelssohn ..OVERTURE TO 



Royal phumarmotsc orchestra 


£M®.£IW0 . . - 

ST matMewpassion 

(Mjagm Eaitahf 

A Btuqoe opportunity «o bwte Pamoq m thctwaeAtof 

rm i: lJOpmKri i s OOpn 

. BMco KnctotL Catenae Pealey. Charle* D wwch. M *M» 

Conductor: Days Dariow 
Tfekate t*SR Cttfc »2S torn Ik tMn ItOI «H3 

Fir n ft* p concern in a urn senes sponsored by CAP Croup pie 

Thursday 27 March 7.45pm 
5Bth Birthday tribute to Richard Rodney Bennett . 

BENNETT Music for Strings 

RACHMANINOV ... Rhapsody on a 

Theme of Paganini 
HOLST ThePlanets 


Sunday 30 March 7.30pm 

MUSSORGSKY ... Intro and Persian Maidens' 
Dance from ‘Khovanchina’ 

RACHMANINOV Piano Concerto No 2 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No 3 ‘Eroica’ 

TUESDAY 1 APRIL* 7.45 pro 




Vivaldi... :... THE FOUR SEASONS 

Seal Pric«£1030. £8.50. £7.50. £6. £4.50. £3.50 
Box Office Tel 10-8 every day mcl. Sun01-63X889|-b28S795 





Kf NIGEL KENNEDY noBnAfartwr • 


FRIDAY* APRIL at 7A5 pm ■, 


-- ichaBumk? .. ROMEO ANDjCtldST FANTASY 


|Tm Bizet L’ARLES ffiXNE SUITE Nat 

W J Bn Mmart . ... .... PIANO CONCERTO N023IUW 

MU OOicubach OK PHELStN Uffi 



Tchaikovsky CAPfUCOO ITAUEN 


Aad a Spring Ron! tor every tadymembw of ih r a mfim c e 




minlii 1> ftayiaai nw | 

e«w ao. Maw wm ao 

Gnvfi«lf»(U «90 6125 


JAN 1987 

Party Rftln AvaOaM* 


1 ■ . . ' - : 



-o Seascapes iia um port). Prangfe* Sonant Na7 m B flm 

sa 050 £zsae 


Team £i.43.7S,£A7S,/:6,£72J,£850 11 CM0 11 Ci: 
Ai'«W4e troa Hill .01 MS JIH) Lf. 101-939 WOO, A «e 



Rmsmi OtemaC. Vifesq Ml: Soma The litm Bfft . 

J. Strau»« n The Blue Danube WataGnei nanaGaoama; ™N 
Al/flft Suppc OwMe. Ufto Cmby. Ma nvpil U uaumi fam [ 
I.4H1 Cwlem H ume—. Hpv Pompmd Cm — oar March 
IhvVJ hijJ, Borodin Pohjinswi Doncei from Pnmx bur, 

Ravel Botero. ■ .«_ 



£i 50 .£ 45 O.£ 5 W.£T.£SM.£) ‘M.i-| 0 .MHjliai-IC 8 J 19 I CCOI- 92 S 8 HOO | 23 M«r 




{days the 





Thursday 3 April 7.45pm 

DVORAK. Symphony No 8 in G 

BRAHMS Piano Concerto No I in D minor 



lp. r M| Handel MUSIC FOR Hffi ROYAL 




£S. [fi. £3. £950. £950. £1050 • 




Saturday 5 Aprd 7.45pm 

BRAHMS Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat 

DVORAK. Symphony No 7 in D minor 

Sponsored by the Peter Stuyvesotu Foundation 



M i m Kj 

Seal Prices£i0.50. £8 50.£7.50. £6. £4.50. £3.50 
Box Office lei: 10-8 every day inci. Sum 01 -638 8891*28 8795 


BOX OFFICE 01-488 9291 CREDfTPHONE 01-080 5955 

TONIGHT at 8 pm 



Monday 17 March 
Barbican 7.45 pm 

City of London Sinfonia 

and The Richard Hickox Singers 
conducted by Richard Hickox 
with Sally Burgess, Stephen Roberts, 
Stephen Tees 



BrMOWM mu* 

&g>7M Mai sal 230 

Elgar, Vaughan Williams, 
Finzi, Holst 

SIBELIUS Vabc Tntte 

RAC HM ANINOV Jjipphtar No 3mA Miner 
SIBELIUS Symphony No.1 E Hat 

SlkT^ni pro £30. p W, 




Wednesday 26 March at 8 pm 



SUNDAY 23rd MARCH at 738 






See Barbican Panel for derails 
Sponsored by John Laing Construction Limited 


International Lunchtime Concerts 
at the BARBICAN — Wednesdays at One 

March » 

Bournemouth Sinfonietta 

m ym ROGER NORRINGTON conductor 


S« panel far daa* 


D.w. £5. £6, £7, £B from Hall 5898212^89 9465 
nctatmaEUrcctdaBfiae. Sun) 379U33& travel bmchuXIB. Smith 





Fam*} Overrule. 'Rcnjcr jad Julm'; PunoConcena N'O.I in Blka i 
AtirdK State Sfeepi^ Beauiy XCika Di-mue '18(2". 


i ai the BARBICAN 

SNwCanl pros' £2 VJ. £3.*W. £4 M, £S.£6 
Tutaxadoh brer pnpuuv 

WEDNESDAY 2nd APRIL at 7.45 


1 1 A \ ■ 

Tcko. £l^ to £8 09 Unnn Hdl Ol-W 82 12 OC 01-5W 9¥6 


TV.- 1 - ir.’T-TA^ 


ROSSINI Otemn, Ttowmg Magpie; 

GRIEG Pe er Gvnl Sate: 

BRUCH VioJiu Coacena; BEETHOVEN Syanhoav No 7 


£5. ft. £7.M. £8.90. £9.90 Iran Hill 698 H891/S28 8795 4ftly Inc. Sunday* 


IT lM T “■ ■ JV 11 1 1 


>MH Ur* 

Damn wardkhjsc 

i , . j;,-; M 

MMsw i m 


Dmeaea my Mite Octrmt BfMOlT 

nkuiuv ai 7.50 Maw Wed at 2 jo at the Pi«ad(IJr Tb« 4 tre- Svn 16 



^ ^ ‘ 1 "Q • 1 11 1 > r * ■ 


"FtMky A Eatrrtainino' 
CBy umus 
A New play by 

Dtrjel*d try Micna« Rodman 
EvBlMBfWTja Thun MM SO 
SW* BjO A 8.16 
• Gram Sal** 930 6123 


A Sal 4.30 ft 800 



Marcn at 7 so. Tku CS-Eto 


rrTT Eg^i^ 

THF TTMFS MARCH 15-21 1986 


f : 






' ' ' 

- '. ‘N 

fc* ii 1 

■ ■ ’ •• 



ART CLASS: Sir Alfred Gilbert 
shows his metal, as well as his 
plaster and marble, in this major 
tribute to the sculptor of Eros, which 
returns to Piccadilly Circus on 

March 24. The Royal Academy, 
Piccadilly, London W1 (01-734 

9052) from Friday. 


HOLY GRAIL: Sir Reginald 

GoodaJl, the veteran Wagner 
specialist, conducts his first 

Parsifal in the theatre for 15 years, in 
a new production for English 

National Opera staged by Joachim 

Herz. London Coliseum (01-836 

31 61) from today. 



5 Ii hlA H It 1 1 ilil gTTE* 

premiere. Crucible Theatre, 
Sheffield (0742 79922) from Friday. 


U \\ Picj,-. 

■**?* i*«i 
- »• 

'*» H 4- JP 

* ■*»t « 4. * 

3 MIC 

r.’wKTi * 

’ Anybody who has an original 
copy of Arthur Sullivan’s first, 
and. only,' cello concerto 
should stay well dear of Sir 
. Charles Mackerras until after 
April 20.. Mackerras has spent 
the last two decades diligently 
reconstructing Sullivan’s work 
. after the only known copies of 
the' ■orchestral score perished 
in a fire in the 1960s. Julian 
Lloyd Webber, who will debut 
the reconstituted work next 
month reckons Mackerras to 
be 90 per cent right in his 
reconstruction. He has rewrit- 
ten the entire concerto using a 
single solo cello score as his 
guideline. Bui Sir Claries ldls 
me with terrible foreboding: 
“It will all have been wasted rf j 
somebody still has the , 

Quiet riot 

Standing ovations are dearly 
.not par for the course on the. 
Indian subcontinent as the 
a ward- winning London-based 1 
theatre group Cheek By Jowl, 
discovered on -their recent 
iwo-month tour. Haying . A 
Midsummer Might s Dream in 
bad idea, they surmised; whm ; 
they drew only sporadic and 
muffled applause afrtheeffltof' = 
the performance. “Weihooghi; 
we were dead*, says director 
Declan Doneflan, "Then we 
went along to a somebody 
dse s show, at the end of 
which the audience got up and 
. walked out ra total, silence. 
But when we were told bow ; 
good they’d been, we reckoned 
we'd had a smash bit.” . . 

#We have had painting by 
'• numbers, and now the a 
guitarist Joan Martteis to 
m us mosk by pahnug- On 

March 24 he isto perform 
- "a series efcampeeii yes 
before an exclusive audience 
invited byPammsrfNew . ‘ 
Art The concert wfflbe m the 
David Hockney . 
Lithographs ExisMtio** * 
couple of days before it ■ 

opens to the public at the Tate 


. Writers’ rights ! 

Arts Diary has come to the 
rescue of the many authors j 
who work- for publishers Aui- 
' » son & Busby wto, according 
to. the Guild of Writers of 
Great Britain and the Society 
of Authors, are failing to hve 
up to their contractual obliga- 
tions. The Guild has written 



SHAWL: Only the second 
British production tor a 
1957 award-winning drama of 
i life in post-war Trinidad, by 
Errol John, who also directs. 
Theatre Royal, Stratford 
East (01-534 0310). Previews 
from today. Opens Mar 24. 


Martin Sheen in his English 
stage debut, in Larry 
Kramer's play about a New 
York group formed to fight 


Royal Court (01-730 1745). 
Previews from Thurs. Chanty 
Gala preview Mar 24. 

Opens Mar 25. 


Mitchell's play shows 
Giuseppe Verdi being 


this 60-year- FILMS 

list - 

«wi 3 (of OT<1 OPENINGS 

* *- ' 

D riving, home from 

die station, along a _ 
quiet Devon lane, 

. William. Trevor _ 
lowers his bead in something 
between a snort and achuckle, 
grips the wheel, and involun- 
tarily honks the horn. While 

waiting fbr me, he explains, he 
bad been reminded of another 
interviewer who had made the - 

journey to Exeter. 

“He gave a description of - 
himself on the telephone so I 

•would recognize him. He said 

he was OIL goodishToolong ( 
and young.” Trevor had 
waited for this Lothario until ] 
the station emptied. leaving , 
two figures. Himselt and a j 
smalleldaly man Ukeamole. < 
The self-dwsprien tickles a , 
writer who likes to compare j 
his craft with painting, por- ; 
traitnre in particular. As we i 
dip through the ochre fields, 
burnt-looking after the frost, , 
be omits to say how he 
described himself; with his 
green tweed suit, his watery 
blue eyes, Hke ink splashed in 
mitt and his fluffed, monkish 
pate. .• - . 

It was said of the nainralisl 
W. H. Hudson, whose family 
came originally from this re- 
gion. that he was so grey that 
standing by a wall be seemed 
invisible. Trevor has much of 
this quafity. The landscape 
into which he melts, however, 
is not one of hedges and 
thistledown but people. Hence 


Brophy and Machines 
to currenl A & B writers, tike 
Brigid Brophy as well as the 
estates of deceased lummanes 
such as Colin (Absolute Begm- 
nen) Mac! ones, asking of 
their experiences with tne 
publishing house, prior £pjt 
taking le& anion. The Soci- 
ety has already tackled the 
company twice for not paying 
their dues and the- Gudd 
complains to me that fetters 
written in October and No- 
vember have had no «W 
from director Clive AB»ml 
a . i M Tti 0fVc 

All alU i • 

b«ag a good correspondent- 

In memoriam 

Few would <H** ion . lb 5£^!! 
Beaton made *n*®J*Jg 
contribution to.20th-«nw 
cuhure. embracing as 
photography. art. 

and the crocma. 

Professor David M«tar « 
Sussex University tried *oj Pj|| 

. • '■ s, 

Miners iw . 

Allsen Museum. TnosngMi 

new month at toe 
he says: “1 byj 

-nwxnSwxsftbe Ansjgwg 

dead- bodv . Meltor » »u 
; looking ft» rtte corpse- 

Trevor the shadowy figprc in 
the comer of a crowded hotel 

lounge. . 

Much as be loves the oak 

trees, the fields and the ruined 

mill beneath his secluded 
home — all these he points emi 
with pride — what really 
excites him is die former over 
the hill who shoots trespassers 
and apparently dresses up m 

womet?scloihes for the har- 

V ^ntis fascination for distill- 
ing extraordinary queues 
from mundane surroundings, 
coupled with an aMrry to 
enchant as much as chill, has 
made Trevor unquestionably 
one of our greatest short-story 
writers. (Even his novels, he 
has said, are groups of short 


but there is the .same 

unmistakeable tang of cwt- 
tcred suburban rooms m 
which disappointed women 
nip iheir gin and 
mb along with 

men. Memory and destrewn- 

unue to create the nalstOTM 


the setting is 

5 «n; why. too. peitaps, tihM 
eluded the big screen. (With 
Joseph Low’s death. Fools of 

Wflliain Trevor 
writes stories 
that enchant as 
much as chill. 

A new volume is 
out this week 

Fortune became the latest 

Pouring a gin and rrenen in 
his own uncluttered drawing 
room, Trevor readily endorses 
the notion of the writer as an 
eavesdropper “who by acci- 
dent dilute overbears a tiny 
little bit or sees a glimpse. No 
more than that, or it becomes 

“ Cocktails at Doney s , a 
story from thonew collection, 
is set in a restaurant in 
Florence. Waiting for his wife, 
who was attending a course at 
the British Institute, Trevor 
had sat listening to a couple at 
the next table. The lady was an 

elegant Italian, the man En- 

“There was something to- 
tally fescinating and strange 
about them. I remember his 
hands on the table playing 
with a cigarette lighter. I 
remember they didn’t talk.” 
The scene put a stone in his 
shoe, imagination took .over 

the rugby matches on the 
radio set, and the royal wed- 
dings in the Daily Sketch, 
England took on an image of 
rich elegance. Occasionally a 
car with a GB numberplate 
drew up outside the gates of a 
big bouse and confirmed the 
image. _ i 

Trevor’s education at the) 
hands of 1 3 schools and tutors' 
— “mostly failed Christian 
Brothers” - was against nhe 
background of his parent’s, 
unhappy marriage. 1 “They 
didn’t get on at all They 
separated when they were old 
in an extraordinary way, hav- 
ing stayed together for the sake 
of the children. It would have, 
been better if they hadn't, but 
you had to have families in 
those days.” 

Such marriages are at the 
heart ofTrevor’s corpus. “It is 
the closest of all relationships 
because people choose. They 
dig their own graves. I donT 
write about happy marriage 
because I don’t think you can 
analyse happiness. Or good- 
ness. Td love to write about a 
good woman but it’s easier 
and more interesting to write 
about someone dodgy.” 

H e was not always a 
writer. For five 
years before the 
publication in 1964 
of his first novel. The Old 
Bovs, he worked in NotJey’s 
advertising agency. “My boss 
invented the phrase ‘ Top 

voice “the libel began . 

Trevor and his wife, who 
r*Tic him Trevor because his 
real name is William Trevor 
Cox, spent/ an increasing 
amount of time in Italy, the 
background for several of the 
stories, and Ireland, his home- 
land, where the title story is 
set “News from Ireland” was 
again written to satisfy a 
curiosity. “I became obsessed 
-to know what it would be like 
to live in a big house in Ireland 
at the time of the famine. To 
find out, I wrote a story. In a 
way that’s all I ever do.” 

A gain, like a conversa- 
tion snatched at one 
remove. Trevor can 
only write about Ire- 
land once he leaves iL “The 
country did not fell into place 
until rd been in exile. Things 
vou take for granted you don’t 
actually see when you’re living 
there. Every minute in Flor- 
ence, for instance, you have to 

. come to terms with something 
strange. It’s a. strangeness * 
still feel in England. 1 m SM 
puzzled and curious hero 
He was bora in Southern 
Ireland in 1928. in a village 
which looked as if it had been 
sat on. His father was a banker 
who then moved to Skjbereen, 
beyond Gonakilty. . . 

. When anyone mentioned 
Gonakilty, they always added 
“God help us". Stdbereen was 
beyond God’s help. Through 

chap in the next office bad the 
thalidomide account and I 
had screws, zips, beer barrels, 
and women's undergarments. 

1 was hopeless” be chuckles. 

He had been forced into tbe 
job because he could not earn 
a living by sculpting, his first 
vocation, or by teaching art at 
various schools round En- 
gland where he first came over 

It is in the terms of his old 
calling that he describes his 
fiction. “A short story is like a 
portrait. Yon can see round it. 
You can carry it in your head. 
It belongs to the Impression- 
ists as the novel belongs to the 
Renaissance, but there should 
be as much explosion as in a 
noveL Somerset Maugham 
said the only story worth 
telling is one that can be tokl 
after dinner on a boat It’s the 
opposite. You shouldn’t be 
able to repeat it The beauty ts 
its shadow." 

His talent for painting shad- 
ow as wefi as disappearing into 
it is the real secret of this 
compelling eavesdropper/ He 
shakes his head with a touch 
of mock-despair. “And I can 
never switch off. That’s why I 
look so old.” 



News from Ireland & other 
st onos is published by Bodlay 
Head on Thursday (£9.95). 

compose Otelio and 

Old Vic (01-928 7616). 
Previews today. Mon and 
Tues. Opens Wed. 

Hughes's new play is set in a 
basement dub in Russia in 
1921 . Richard Eyre directs 
Peter Blythe, Charlotte 
Cornwell, Daniel Day-Lewis. 
Claire Higgins 
Cottesloe (01-928 2252). 
Preview today. Opens Mon. 
Tues and Fri. In repertory. 

jTmidsummer nights 

DREAM: Cheek by Jowl 
Company in idiosyncratic 
but well-received versions of 
Shakespeare and Sir 
George Etherege's Man of 
MOdbfm repertory from 
Mar 24). 

Donmar Warehouse (01- 
240 8230). Opens Mon. 
CHINA: Young Belfast-bom 
Mark Brennan's play features 
Eddie O’Connell, Stuart 
Wilson, Sian Thomas and 
Natasha Richardson in the 
title role as an "enigmatic 

BustiTheatre. Shepherds 
Bush Green, W1 2 (01 -743 
3388). Opens Wed. Press 
night Fri. 


Fox and Maggie Smith in 
Ronald Harwood’s tricky, 
atmospheric confrontation on 
the edges of the Cold War. 
Queens (01 -734 1166). 

OToole and Susannah York 
star in VaJ May's spirited 
revival of Shaw's political 

Haymarket (01-930 9832). 

double b ffl comprising a 
biographical miscellany, 
Gorilla in the Roses, and the 
original television play 
Funeral Games. 

King's Head (01-226 1916). 


New Horseshoe Theatre 
Company production, 
directed by Ian MuHins 
Haymarket (0256 465566). 

FARNHAM: The See-Saw 
Tree: World premiere of new 
play by David Wood, for 7- 
12-vear-okis. Matinees only. 
Redgrave (0252 715301). 

OXFORD: The KHBng of 

Tom Conti by this 60-year- 
oid British artist 
Leinster Fine Art, 3 Clifford 
Street, London W1 (01- 
4374534). From Tues. 


Selection of work by 
contemporary artists 
including Henryk Stazewskl. 

The Ashley Gallery, Ashley 
Centre, Ashley Avenue, Epsom 
(78 41 880). From Fri. 

WILL TOPLEY: Shells, fruit 
and objets trouvds intensely 
observed by thi$ British 
artist bom in Hong Kong. 

Gallery 24, 24 Powis 
Terrace. London W11 (01-221 
8289). From Tues. 


DRAWINGS: Fine work by 
C&zanne, Degas, Monet 
and friends. 

Ashmdean Museum, 

Oxford (0865 57522). 

Multi-media line-up by the 
masters of the future, in 
annual exhibition that picks out 
the best from our art 
schools. , 

ICA, The Mall, London SW1 

MODERN ART: Educational 
line-up of all the "Isms" 
collected by the Tate 
Gallery over the last 40 years, 
with Expressionism and 
Minimalism dominant 
Tate Gallery, Milibank, 

London SW1 (01-821 1313). 



Work by Weegee, Eugene 
Smith, Robert Frank, Harry 
Callaghan and a host of others. 
Side Gallery, 9 Side, 

Newcastle (0632 322208). 

Peters who has concentrated 
on sport tor a number of 
years, has yet to attract the 
attention he deserves. 

The Triangle Gallery, Aston 
University Arts Centre. Gosta 
Green, Birminghan (021 

SCREEN: A celebration of the 
British cinema; huge 
helpings of nostalgia but 
thoroughly enjoyable. 

Royal Photographic 
Society, Milsom Street, Bath 

AJC (15b Chris Marker's 
fascinating portrait of 
Kurosawa at work on Ran, 
cajoling great things from 
amors, technicians and 

ICA Cinema{01-930 3647). 
From Fri. 

BAMBI (Uk Disney's 1942 
classic; overweening cuteness 
is kept at bay by skilful 
animation and glimpses of 
nature in the raw. 

Cannon Haymarket (01-839 
1527). From Fri. 

LIVING DEAD (18): Zombies 
chew up punks, the police 
and anyone else handy in this 
horror-spoof, written and 
directed by Dan O'Bannon 

WithClu Gulagerand 
Miguel Nunez (above). 
Prmce Charles (10-437 
81 81); Cannon Oxford 

(01-636 0310). From Fri. 


RAN (15k Kurosawa's 
majestic variation on King 
Lear, awash with hypnotic 
battles and bleak landscapes. 
Curzon West End 101-439 
4805), Screen on tne Hill (01- 
435 3366). Gate Netting Hill 
( 01-221 0220 ). 

ECHO PARK (15k Witty, 
low-budget comedy about 
three hapless people 
dreaming of the big time in a 
Los Angeles tenement; 
directed by Robert Domhelm. 
Cannon Tottenham Court 
Road (01 -636 6146). 

CLOCKWISE (PG k Michael 
Frayn s fitfully amusing farce, 
with John Cleese. 

Warner West End (01 -439 

(15k Krzysztof Zanussi's 
eloquent account of a 
thwarted love affair. 

ICA Cinema until Thurs (01- 
930 3647). 


THEATRE: This company from 
Brittany offers One train 
can hide another, by its 
director Gigi Caciuleanu. on 
Tues and Mar 22. 

Northcott Theatre, Exeter 

new work by Rosemary 
- Helliwell to music by Vivaldi 
with Peter Darrell's Othello and 
Wayne Sleep's Winding 
Road on Mon and Tues; then 
Wed-Mar 22, Christopher 
Gabfe's production of 

Asncroft Theatre. Croydon 
(01-688 9291). 

and Tubs. MacMillan s Gloria 
and Bintiey's Consort 
Lessons with Wayne Eagling's 
Frankenstein. Thurs, La 
Fille maiaard6e. 

Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1066). 

ON TOUR: Festival Ballet 
Coppelia has two 
performances today at the 
Apollo Theatre, Oxford (0865 
44544). Simultaneously at 
Theatre Royal. Bath (0225 
65065} a mixed bill 
including Michael Clark's new 
ballet, wnich then goes to 
the Playhouse. Harlow (02796 
31 945) Mon, Thurs. A 
programme of ballets by 
Fokme is at Theatre Royal, 
Bury St Edmunds (0284 5469) 
Fri and Mar 22. London 
Contemporary Dance Theatre: 
Works by Robert Cohan 
and Christopher Bannerman at 
the Gaumont, Doncaster 
(0302 62523) Thurs -Mar 22. 
Northern Ballet Theatre’s 
Nutcracker is at tne Grand 
Theatre. Blackpool (0253 
28372) this afternoon and 
evening, and the Theatre 
Royal. York (0904 23568) 
Tues-Mar 22. 

Touring Theatre 





A masterpiece 
A gloriously, 
funny play’ 

:. v r'^iarold Hobson; Sunday Times . T v . . 

;T' ; pn the original production ' • •>; 

Sister Georoe: New 
Cambridge Theatre 
Company production of Frank 
Marcus's play about a 
character in a long-running 
ratio serial. 

Playhouse (0865 247133). 




How contemporary artists 
tackle man's favourite 
subject himself in the raw, wttn 
wonts by artists including 
Auerbach, Bacon, Hockney 
and Moore. 

Marlborough Fme Art, B 

Albemarle Street London W1 
(01-629 5161). From Wed. 


Close friends and public 
personalities such as A. S. 
Neill, Oskar Kokoschka and 

For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Cropper; Galleries: 
Sarah Jane Cheddand; 
Photography: Michael 
Young; Films: Geoff 
Brown; Dance: John 





Set Designed by MAN TAGG 

18-22 AAmdi 24-29 Mnidi 31ttDidi-5M M2 April 14-19 April 



Tel: 0602 419 419 Td: 0772 58858 Tel: 01.638 9291 Tel: 0222 32446 a OSes m71j3 ** 


T ' 
1 • 



■MARCH i5-2l 1986 




J **?»% 

erf; *fr 

i. * • <v 



musicians in the pit play in 
period costume. Operatic 
rarities and recreations of 
repertory works draw large but 
intimate audiences. This year's 
programme includes a revival 
of last year's Gluck s Don 
Juan, and a new production of 
Mozart's Idomeneo, directed 
by Michael JHampe and 
conducted by Arnold Ostman. 
May 30-July 31: 

Teatermuseum. Box Z705Q. S- 
10251 Stockholm, (010- 
46 6305 10) 

Sovereign offers a special 
package, costing from £408 
and departing July 12. 17 or 

Florence's festival 
continues with Michael 
Hampe's production of Die 
Mtestersinger and Jonathan 
Miller's Tosca. Szerying, 
Accardo and Perlman follow in 
the Great Violinists series; 
and the festival reaches its 
apotheosis on July 1 with a 
free open-air performance of 
Verdi s Requiem for the 
citizens of Florence, to be 
followed by a firework 

For details see May. 

Amsterdam's major festival 
continues to combine a 
traditional, national focus 
with a stimulating international 
outlook. This year, there 
will be a Gala for New Dutch 
Music, with works by Italian 
composers and theatre _ 
productions by the Theatre 
de la Tempete and the Theatre 
du SoleH in co-operation 

with La France aux Pavs-Bas. 

i indue' 

Opera productions include 
Die Meistersinger conducted 
by Edo de Weart and .. 
Frankfurt's Die Entfuhrung aus 
dem Serai I (director 
Berghaus, conductor Gieien). 
Concert performances of 

Schoenberg's Moses and 
and Berio's La Vera 

Aaron and i 

Storia will be backed by a full 
programme of recitals, 
lectures, youth theatre and 

June 1-July 1: Holland 
Festival. Kle»ne- 
Gartmanplanrsven 21, 1017 
Amsterdam (010 
31 20 723320}. 



Lakeside and market - 
square overflow with dancing 
from local and visiting 
groups, and the Kuopio City 
Theatre will be used round 
the dock for performances and 
open rehearsals. Festival 
events are backed by 
congresses, seminars and 
competitions in classical, 
modem, jazz and folk 

June 4-10: Tulliportinkatu 
27. 70100 Kuopio, Finland 
(010-358 971 221 844). 

The programme this year 
indudes performances of 
Altina. Floridante. 

Partenope. Judas Maccabeus. 
and The Triumph of Time 
and Truth. Also a wide range of 

chamber, choral and 
orcnestral concerts. 

June 640: Kleine 
Brauhasstrasse 26. DDR-4020 
Halle (010-25125/23277). 
Further information and travel 
arrangements from; 

Berolma Travel, 22 Conduit 
Street, London W1 (01- 
629 1664). 


Boat trips on a nver afloat 
with logs from local sawmills 
and walks or drives into the 
countryside of North Karelia 
are extras for visitors to a 
festival which is expanding into 
new venues, including a 
vast open-air stadium backing 
onto the lake. This year's 
theme is 1986 in church music, 
with a healthy showing of 
Elgar and Faure and 
performances from the 
visiting Bucharest^/tadrigal 

June 12-15: Joensuu Song 
Festival. PO Box 53, SF-80101, 
Joensuu (010- 
358 973 201 372). 

Three months of opera, 
ballet, theatre and concerts by 
Greek and international 
companies and artists, centred 
on the Odeon of Herod 
Atticus. This year's 
programme has yet to be 
finalized, but visiting groups 
will include the Harlem 
Ballet, Ballet Rambert, the 
Bonn Philharmonic, the 
Czech Philharmonic, the Choir 
Orchestra of Sofia, the Skot 

theatre group of Japan. 
1 /-Sept 15 ‘ 

June 17-Sept 15: National 
Tourist Board of Greece, 1 95 
Regent Street, London W1 
(01-734 5997) or 1 
Voucourestiou Street 
Athens 10564.. 

June 15- Sept 17: Address 
as for Athens Festival. 

Devoted in the main to Hie 
music of Schubert and 
particularly his lieder. the 
festival this year includes its 
first opera, Beethoven's 
Fidetio, with Dietrich Fischer- 
Dieskau. Julia Varady and 
Peter Schreier. Performances 

in the courtyard and 
1 of 

Rittersaai of the Paiasthof, a 
Renaissance castle of 
outstanding architectural 
interest Soloists this year 
include Robert Holl, Alfred 
Brendel, Janet Baker, Peter 
Schreier, Claudio Arrau and 
Brigrtter Fsssbaender, who 
will perform Schubert's 

June 19-29: Postfach 100. 
A-6845 Hohenems. Austna 

(01 043 5576/2091). 
Sovereign offer seven-night 

holiday departing June 17 

and 24. For prices see 
Bregenz. Heritage offers 
one trip, June 19-26, at £620 
for half-board, tickets to 
five performances, excursions 
to Insel Mainau and 


A festival in the heart of thB 
Franconian wine-producing 

region of Germany, devoted 
to Me ' 

lozart. with operas, 
recitals, and concerts 
performed in the Residenz 
Palace and gardens. 

Detailed programme to be 

June 13-28: Mozart-Fest 
Wurzburg, Fremdenverkehrs 
and Kulturamt, Haus zum 
Falken, D-8700 Wurzburg. 
Heritage offers two 
unaccompanied tours from 
June 13-20 and June 20-27, 
at £550 including b&b, all 
transfers, and tickets to 
four performances. 

Performances in Byzantine 
and Ottoman sites of Mozart's 
II Seraglio, a visit from the 
Warsaw State Opera; ballet 
from Ankara and Cuba; 
concerts by the Hamburg 

Symphony Orchestra and 
Czech Philf 

ilharmonic; drama 

from the Theatre de la 
Liberie and Irene Worth; piano 
recitals by the Pehkinel 
sisters; arid a full range of pop 
and jazz events. 

June 20-Juty 21: Istanbul 
Kultur vs Sanat Vakfi. YUdiz 
Kultur ve Sanat Merke 
Merkezi, Yildiz Besiktas. 
Istanbul (010-90 160 4533). 


The "White Nights" festival 
marks the zenith of 
Leningrad's holiday 
season, when the sun barely 
touches the horizon at 
midnight In the small hours, all 
the Neva's bridges are 
raised to allow a procession of 
ships to pass on to the sea. 
Special performances of 
dassical and popular dance 
by the Kirov State Opera and 
Ballet Theatre, a concert by 

students of the Agrippina 
aoi, and a 

ala song and dance concert in 

Vaganova School, 

Petrodvorets, with its 
spectacular fountains. Full 
programme to be announced. 
June 21-29: Intourist 292 
Regent Street, London W1R 
6QL (01-580 1221). 

A new round-the-clock 
festival of music, dance and 
theatre, dedicated to cellist 
Jacqueline du Prt, and 
celebrating women's 
contributions to avant-garde, 
classical, rock, folk ana jazz 
music. It indudes symposia, 
workshops, film festival, 
recitals, concerts, cabaret and 
street events. A number of 
performances wifi be held in 
the spectacular Ramon 
Crater to the south of 
Beersheva, itself the capital 
of the Negev and about 50km 
from Jerusalem. 

June 23-28: Liova Monel, 

PO 3391, Beersheva 84130 
Israel (010-57 422038). 

Hockney prints, American 
students and many of Europe's 
and America's beautiful 
people mix with the Carabinieri 
and local artisans in the 
heat of the Umbrian summer. 
Performances can start as 
late as 10 pm, and continue 
until 3am. when, if you're 
lucky, cafes are still selling 

g rappa and truffles. Gian- 
arlo Menotti's festival 
indudes concerts, opera, 
ballet, theatre, brass bands 
and exhibitions. The young 

people's midday concerts in . 
churches or small theatres 
are well worth visiting. 

End of June-early July: Via 
Giustolo 10, Spoleto, Umbria. 
Italy (01 0-39 743 28120). 

In the lake district of 
Austria, bordering on ftaly and 
Yugoslavia, two summer 
months of recitals, symphony 
and chamber concerts in 
the market town of Villach and 
the village of Ossiach. 

There will be performances of 
opera and oratorio in the 
baroque Abbey Church of 
Ossiach, fleeter recitals, and 
a programme of music for 
children. Also seminars, 
workshop discussions, 
scientific conferences, 
master classes and 

End of June-end of Aug: 
Carinthischer Sommer, A-9570 
Ossiach (010-43 510/512). 
Heritage offers a trip from Aug 
5-12 at £535, which 
includes tickets to four 
performances, half-board, a 
visit to Klagenfurt and St Pauf- 
im-La ventral. 



The festival which raised 
the status of opera in Finland 
and is attracting increasing 
international attention. New 
Finnish works take their 
place alongside stimulating 
productions of repertory 
operas in a setting of water, 
birches and castles. Aulis 
Salinen's The King Goes Forth 
to France returns this year 

liko's new 
production of Aida, both of 
them strongly cast The main 
attraction, however, may 
well be a staged recreation of 
Sibelius's music for The 
Tempest { July 27-31). 

July 4-August2: 

Savonlinna Opera Festival, 
Olavinkatu 35. SF-57130, 
Savonlinna (DIO- 

358 957 22 684). Brampton 
July 20-27 at 

offers a trip from July 
£875 for half-board, a ticket 
for each opera, all transfers 
and a visit to the Relretti Art 
Centre and Heinavesi 
Monastery. Sovereign 
offers a five-night, fully 
inclusive package from 
£781, staying at the resort of 
Kerimaki and departing on 
July 8, 15 or 23. 


Opera, ballet and a handful 
of concerts, ail in Verona's 
open-air arena, with festival 
accommodation both in the city 
itself and in the nearby 
lakeside resorts of Sirmione, 
Garda and Malcesine. This 
year the programme includes 
Andrea Chenier, with 
Gabrieia Benackova or 
Montserrat Caballe and 
Renato Bruson, La Fandufta 
del west Mia and Un BaHo 
in Maschera. with Dimitrova, 
Pavarotti and Bruson. 

July 4-Aug 31: Ente Lirico 
Arena di Verona, Piazza Bra 
•28. 37100 Verona. Italy 
1010 - 

.-39 45 23520/22265/38671). 

Sovereign offers seven-night 

lira QGD3UII, nvni “ 

inclusive of transport and 
tickets. Heritage otters one trip 
(Aug 24-30). costing £1 .090 
tor half-board, three 
performances, an 
excursion in the Veneto and a 
city tour. Henebery offers a 
holiday from July 28-Aug 3 at 
£330 and a tour takingin 
Munich from July 15-27 at 
£440. Pegasus has 
departures on July 10. 17, 27 

lacerate (qv). 

Brampton go from Aug 13- 

££ei««uiw> i -board and 
guaranteed tickets for ail 
four operas. 


The internationally 

renowned opera festival m the 
capital of Bavaria. This 
year's programme has yet to 
be announced. 

July 7-31: Bayerische 
Staatsoper. Munchner 
OpemfestspieJe. Postfach 
745. D-8000 Munchen (010- 
49 89 21851). Heritage has 
a trip from July 19-26 at £945 
for half-board, three 
performances, a tour of 
Munich and an excursion to 
one of Ludwig it's castles on 
an island in the Chiemsee. 
Henebery offers a tour 
combined with Veronaat 
£440 for July 15-27. 

Specialized summer 
masterclasses and music 
camps. Primarily for study 
purposes will be a public 
festival programme where 
students, teachers and guest 
artists win perform works 
by Bart ok and other 20th 
century composers. 

Highlights this year include a 
visit from the excellent 
Budapest Brass Quintet, a 
piana recital of Kurtag and 
Schoenberg by Z often Kocsis, 
and two gate concerts 
conducted by Peter Edtvos. 
July 10-25: Intarkoncert 
Festivals reau, Budapest POB 
80. H-1366 HungaryfOIO- 
36 1179910). 

Yugoslavia's medieval city 
on the South Adriatic is closed 
to traffic as a mardigras 
atmosphere takes over during 
its annual festival of ballet 
theatre, music, folklore and 
street events. Yugoslav 
classical and contemporary 
theatre productions are a . 
special feature in about 47 
open air venues. Full 
programme is yetto be 

July 19-Aug 25: Dubrovnik 

luiy 10- Aug 

Festival. Od Sjjjurate 1 .YU- 

5000 Dubrovnik (DIO- 
38 27996). 


A typically busy festival 
season in the capital of 
Slovenia, with its baroque 
and Renaissance old town. 
Orchestral concerts, 
chamber music and recitals 
with visiting artists including 
the Moscow and Cracow 
Philharmonic Orchestras 
and the Dowland Consort 

Theatre productions 

Plato’s Portrait of 

Socrates, Blugakov's 
Purple Island, and folklore 
groups from the USSR, 
Belgrade, Zagreb and 
Slovenia. The festival also 
includes the 10th Yugoslav 
Opera Biennial (from July 
29) at which Yugoslav opera 
ensembles wiH perform 
Simon Boccanegra, U 
Trovatore, and if 
Coronazione di Poppea as weM 
as Penderecki's Black 
Masks and Kamarm's King 

I3-Aua31: 1 

Ljubljana, Trg Francoske 
Revohjdje 1, YU-61000. 


taking in visits to its 
festivals, are pre 
Victor Rudez at I 
Adriatic Travel, 49 Conduit 
Street London W1 R 9FB 
(01-439 1916). 

Heat the scent of lavender, 
terracotta rooftops, and opera 
in one of Provence's finest 
Roman theatres. This year's 
programme of opera, 
choral works and recitals has 
yet to be announced. 
Mid-Jufy-mid Aug: 

Choregnas d' Orange, PB180, 
F-841 05 Orange {DIO- 
33 90 3424241! 


Summer in Cezanne's - 
Provence means opera in the 
newly expanded theatre in 
the courtyard of the 
Archbishops’ Palace, • 
conceits in the courtyard of the 
Hotel de VBie, and recitals 
in oleander-scented cloi sters. 
New productions this year 
indude Don Giovanni, with 
Gino Quiiico, Idomeneo, 
with Anthony Rolfs Johnson 
and Diana Montague, 
Campra's Tancrede and a 
revival of Ariadne auf 
Naxos with Margaret Price. 
July-Aug: Bureau du 
Festival, Palais de I'anden 
Arche veche, 13100 Aix-en- 
Provence (010-33 2337 81). 
Henebery offers a deal 
from July 19-27 costing about 
£310 for half-board, with 
tickets obtained at extra 

Sovereign otters a package 
; for five 

costing from £398 1 

ig fre 

nights b&b at the attractive 

Hotel des Augustins, and a full 
programme i 


. „ » of recitals, 

concerts and operas. 
Departures July 2,9,16,23 
or 30. 


Since 1961 Bad IscW in the 
Salzkammergut has held an 

operetta season, with 
performances in the Kurhaus 
of the works of Franz Lehar 
among others. 

Mid Julrend Aug: 
Operattenwochen Bad Iscnl, 
Herrengasse 32. A-4g20 | 
Bad Iscnl (01043 6132 3839). 


Mbrfrisch's lakeside stage, 
on the Burgeniand, Austria's 
border with Hungary, is the 
setting for performances of 
Johann Strauss. Lehar and 
Kalman, best enjoyed with tiie 
fragrant tight local wines. 
Mid-July-end Aug: 

Seespiete Mortjisch, 
Seestrasse 4.A-7072 
Mdrtxsch (010-43 2685 8232). 

is Hans Christian Andersen 
year in Denmark, and the 
children of Odense, bis home 
town, will be performing ftis 
fairy-tales in the open-air 
theatre of the Funen village, 
with programmes of song and 

July 16-Aug 1£k there is 
also a full programme of linked 
events throughout 
Denmark. Special brochure 
and further aiformation 
from the Danish Tourist Board, 
Sceptre House. 169-173 . 
Regent Street London W1 R 
8PY (01-734 2637/2638). 


Adam Pollock's 
enterprising young companj 
performs eariy and rare 
contemporary opera as night 
falls in the cloister of a - 
convent This year they plan to 
stage Monteverdi's H 
rftomo (fUlisse in Pania, 
directed by Graham Vick 
and Raisieiio's Re Teodoro in 
Venezia, directed by 
Richard Jones and conducted 
by David Parry. 

July 19-Aug 8: Santa . 
Croce, 58041 Batignano, - - 
Com une di GrossetofOIO- 
39 564 38096). 


An entirely open-air opera 
festival at the Sferisferio. Set hr 
the foothills ofthe 
Appenines, its opera 
performances are gening 
the festival increasingly wide 

recognition. This year's 

imme includes Cavand 
II Trovatore. and 
Tiirandot with artists including 
Cossotto, Dimitrova, 

Martin ucd Obratszova, 
RicciarelUand RawnsJey. 

July 19-Aug 17: Arena . • 

Sferisferio, FfazZa delta Liberta 
18, Macerate, Italy (010- 
39 733 49500). Sovereign 
offers seven-night holidays 
33. 27. Aug 3; 

departing July 20, 27. Au 
10, 17. from £275-£3l0. 

including tickets for numbered 
seats. Pegasus offers 
three, seven and 10-night 
stays, departing July-24,31 
Aug 7 from £3S»-£560, . 
inducting tickets, and also 
have holidays combining 
Macerate with Verona (qv). 

The festival of Western 
Europe presents opera, 
oratorio, and countless 
concerts and recitals over six 
weeks. Opera, of course, is 
its main raison d'etre, with this 
year's bill including Le 
nozzedi Figaro 

;Ts Dieschwarze 

Maske (Kunfer). Carmen 
(von Karajan), Capricdo, flfe 
Zauberfkjte, Debussy’s Le 
Martyre de Saint-Seoastien, 
and Jephtha. Recitalists 
Include Jessye Norman, 
Francisco Araiza, Bemd 
W 01 W, Peter Schreier and 
Christa Ludwig. 
Jrfy20-Aug31: Dfrektion 
der Salzburger Festspiele, 
Salzburg FestspieJehaus, 
Salzburg, Austria (01 0- 
43 662 42541). Heritage 
will take one party, from July 
30-Aug 6. charging £895 for 
half-board, five performances, 
tour of dty, excursion to S. 

Wolfgang and the lakes and 
mountains of the 
Henebery offer a trip 
combined with Vienna from 
Aug 24-Sept 8 at £468. 

A lighthearted festival, full 
of historical interest between 
the Vorartberg mountains 
and the shores of Lake 
Constance. As well as 
orchestral concerts by the 
Vienna Symphony 
orchestra under Gunther Wand 
and Giuseppe Patane, there ' 
will be two main opera 
productions: a return of last 
year's highly successful Magic 
Flute on the floating stage, 
and a new production of 
Donizetti's Anna Botena, 
with Maria Chiara and 
Francisco Araiza, in the - 

July 22-Aug24: Bregenzer 
Festspiele, Postfach 19.A- 
6901, Bregenz, Vorartberg, 
Austria (01043 5574 22811). 
Sovereign offers seven- 
night packages departing on 
Saturdays from £355 to 
£535 for half-board and tickets. 
Heritage offers a trip from 
Aug 2-9, costing £610 for half- 
board, four performances, 
a full day lake steamer 
excursion, and trips to 
Faidkirch and St Gallen. . 
Henebery has a package 
from Aug 4-12 at £335, and 
Brampton offers a f ' 

Brampton offers a holiday 
from July 26-Aura 2 at £540 for 
b&b, tickets for the two 

operas and for one orchestral 

Tanhhauser (Snopoli); and. 

25-Aug 28: Postfach 

1 , Bayreuth W5». Wear. 


one torn, taking in the entire _ 

programme of operas. frotn-.'V. 
Aug 4-14: £1,300 jnckxles 
accommodation, tickets for al 
performances and two . .. . - 
monUng mid onefekday . •••' 
excursions. Hanefeery goes 

from Aug 14*21, charging £360 
for guesthouse , 
accommodation. Reservation 
tickets not included m the - 
price. Sovereign Offers a top . 
departing Aug 19 with ). 
bookings for me Third Ring 
CVcte, arid costing from _ ' 
E344 excluding tickets. : 


The toeme this yearis.. . . 
"From Baroque lb Classic"., 
starting witha harptschord 
and fortapiano week (July 26- 
Aug 2), and taking in the 
eighth International 

and the second 

From July 26 to Aug 9, the 
emphasis wffi be on "From 
Bach to Beethoven", with eight 
lunchtime concerts and 15 
evening events featuring toe 
Hanover Band and Richard 
Burnett's Fmchcbcks 

Collection among a fuB - 
» of international 

programme of i 
performers, lecturers. 

classes and exhibitions. 

July 26-Aug 9: Tourist - 

Office, Am Markt7. B4HXJ0 
Bruges (010-50 330711). 




One of Italy’s fivefiest. most 

youthful and carefree festivals, 

by Hans Werner 
Henze to prdvide workshops 
and platforms for young . 
musicians and composers. 
Good accommodation and 
the opportunity to eat and drink 
wito festival participants in 
a busy, informal atmosphere. 
Concerts, drama, opera 
and baleL induing MaxweS 
Davies's children's opera, 
-Ondereka. Fu» programme to 
be announced 

Juty26- AuglG: c/0 
Comune di Manteputdano. 

Sfena, Italy (01G- 
39578 75 



It attracts Rossini fans like 
bears to a honey jar this year 
boasts theijst ever 
production of Bianca e FaSero, 
with Marilyn Home, as wefl 
as productions of U Conte Ory 
and TancretS^eiUn 
supporting seminars. August- 
Septemben Comune <fi 
Pesaro, Via Rossini 37, (DIO- 
39 721 67041). 

Sovereign ctepartures on 
Aug 13, 20, 27 and Sept 12. 
Accommodation at the 
Hotel des Bains, near the 

Chamber music, jazz and fight 
music in the Kairopuish Park 
are some of the features of 
Finland’s most wide-ranging 
summer festival This year's 
theme is the culture of 
Mediterranean countries, with 
programmes of orchestral 
music, exhibitions, batiet 
theatre and opera. 

Aug 21-Sept 7: Unlonkatu 28, 
SF-00100 Helsinki (010- 
358 90 659 688). 

The venues are half the 
attraction: Lake Maggkxe is 
the backdrop to 




■ cf- 



C omp osers and performers 
from a wide vmfetjrrf 
ctHj«tiies meet to make 
na me t an g in g from dassical 
to toe avant-garde and 

pogramme to be 


Sept 15-25.- The Cenwal 
Office of Pohstil 


Miasta 27. 

(Q10-4631 0607). 


Fun details have yet to be, - : 
announced of the most original ® 
and enterpnsing of Slovak 

festivals. Cedok is orMT^mge 
one-week package wtor 

mefodes three days in Prague 
and tickets to festival . 

concerts as well as tours of the 

city. Prices from £232. 

Cedok, 17 / 180 W Bond Street, 
London W1I 


629 6058). S«t24-Om1to 
P ala eke no 2, CS-81601 - 

Bratislava (010-38 331064). 
Brampton offers seven 
reghts departing Sept 21. 
including festival tickets 
and a visit to Prague. 


A fiveiy and erterprising 
festival with a strong, . 

sometimes controversial ” P: 
enrohasis on the avant-garde. 
its fuH and varied 

programme mdudes first - 

performances of opera, 
music and drama, toe literary - 

rft. jazz and bafiet 
festivals, fiun sh 

shows and 


StemscherHerbst Palais 
Attems. Sackstrasse 17. A- 
8010 Graz (01 043 316 73007).: 

srt i. 

■z *. 




Programmes of Catalan musk: 
and B Festival afe flams- 
popular concerts m various 
neighbouring districts. The ^ 
defntitive programme appears ”• 
in May. 

Oct 1-31: Amadeu Vives 3, ; 
Barcefona 3 (010- 
34 317-9928). 


Bre's "Weiss Oord" runs 
parallel to the radway, end the . 
radway runs paratiei to the 
main street and its characterful 
and idiosyncratic festival of 
opera. The fine -up of rarities 
this year is Rossini s 
melodrama Tancredi, 

Thomas's lyric opera 
Mignon, and Humperdinck's - 
fairytale, Die Korugskmden 
Oct 22-Nov 2: Theatre 
RoyaJ. High Street Wexford, 
Eire (010353 53 22240). . 
Sovereign offers four-night 
and seven-n«ht stays. 

Prices from 06&&M7 include 
the use of a Ford Rests 
(unlimited mileage), 
accommodation and 

Brampton charges from 
£329-£379 for b&b and a ticket 
for each opera during the 
period Oct24-28. 

j»L~ *>■ 

% ".i 


- fc-i. 

I sola Bella, and the I 
del Cashmere I sola Mao re. 
This year there are three 
symphonic concerts. 12 
chamber concerts and 
recitals, and four recitals from 
young international 
competition winners. 

Aug 25-Sept 20: Settimane 
Musicali di Stress, Via a - 



A festival of village fStes, 
celebrating harvest arid-the 
end of summer.. • 

Programme, to be announced, 
includes performances by 
the State Folk Orchestra and - 
Dance Ensemble, classical • 
ballet and opera in kfirisk's 
own Bolshoi. 

Nov 20-30: Intourist, 232 
Regent Street London W1R 
SQL (01 -580 1221) or 7T. 
Maneutai Manchester M3: 
26W(® 1-834 0230). , . - ^ 



Wagner pilgrims may be 
disappointed by toe absence of 
any new productions this 
year; but the festival offers 
PonneUe's Tristan und 
Isolde, conducted by 
Barenboim; Wolfgang 
Wagner's production of 

Picking your package 


G W Henebery, KareoL 
tefip, Oxford 0X5 2SU 
(08675-6341). Specialists 
in planned and tailor-made 
tours t reasonable 
prices. Prices quoted are 
exclusive of tickets in 
most cases. 

wide w 

and dates for manyfestivate. 
with new adttitions each . 

France has too many 

Heritage Travel, 21 
Dorset Snare, London NW1 
6QG (01-730 9841). 
Upmarket packages with the 
services of an expert tour 
guide and the emphasis on 
cultural sightseeing. First- 
class hotel accommodation 

at appropriate prices. 

Pegasus/Lyrica Travel, 9 
Burgess Road, Sutton, 
Surrey SMI 1RW ( 01 - 
643 9077). 

Specialists for opera in 
Italy, round the year as weB 
as in the festival season. ■ 
This year a four-centre 
summer opera tour on 

adquatety. here. Write to 
toe French Tourist Office, 
178 Piccadilly, London r; 
wr, or to Lbs Editions (to " 
SortHer. 51 Rue Barrault 
75013 Paris (010- - 
33 45 0SS885) tor.a , ; v 
booklet. La Franca des W. 
Festivals at des 
Expositions 1 ; 

Hungary: Ticket bdoktog - 
and travel arrangements can 
be made most mfidentiy - . - 
tor^igh the (SneitoTravM 
Agextoy, 6 CdndffitSfreeL. 
London WV(014S3 Q2S3f; : -i 

Brampton Travel, 206 
Walton Street London SW3 
2JP (01-584 6143). 

Medium range.padteges, . 
with a good deal of choice. . 

tador-m arfe ty 
Travet2JGanickStrBM, - • 
London WC2 (01- 
2402888). ; . 


Holiday s/Brifisfi Airways, 
West London Air 

Terminal, Cromwell Road, 

London SW7 (01- 

897 4050). An exMptkkiafly 

Yagostovia: Tafor-raade 
*tmeranes frontFan-Adriatie 
Travel. 49 Conduft^treet 
London W1 (01439 19TQ: 
..The Yugoslav Nationaf. 
T«tttsrOffice w»pMnrid* , 
tofermation but rwldeal 
wito bookings: 143 . 

Stre«. London.WR, 

. (01-7345243/8714); 






* <* 

* K&* 

NEXT WEEK: Y oiir gui46 ^> 
British fetivals! 


MARCH 15 1986 





nger as traded options 
market fails to open 



W German mark 

3.3166f-0.Q371). . 



By LawrenceXem 

, 1 °f *be Lon- sytems failure the Traded in the shares of some compa- 

“On-_Iraded Options Market Options Market, except for nies in- whose shares traded 
a serious setback Currency Options, will not options are quoted upset bro- 
ypwraay -when - h remained - . open on Friday 14th. March." kers and fond managers. 
aosed_all day, making it the Sources inside the Exchange One broker said; “The 

imra tune dealings ns ve been said that they expected the Cburtauids share price is up 

'**«•:•* StocSey and Stock Conver- 
"sk>n,-the- property companies, 
held talks- yesterday .which 
' '-v could result in a nrerger. 

$t6ddey.-is antin welcome 
. / ' m *i£6i5. per cent shareholder m 
^ 7rSttKk " Conversion. Stockley 
- o says other avenues are open to 
it ifho agreement is reached. 

■ ^ Tempos, page 27 


* A director of Sainsbnry. the 
•-.j-. ^mpeanartoet chain, is resign- 
; j; in&ararebc«Brence.Mrl^ter 
■V/Davis; 44, ;who has been 
responsible for buying and 
.marketing policies since 1979, 
•*-. ‘is to become deputy chief 
■•••: --Mj. executive of Reed Internation- 
.. al the publishing group. . 

• “si'- His departure has meant a 
^shake-up m main-board re- 
- ' sponsibUities. Mr Joe Barnes 
-t beconres assistant managing 
'director, retail, Mr R T Vyner 
‘becomes assistant managing 
' direaor. buying and market- 
r nig. trfiileMr Keith WonaH is 
‘ taking charge of the grocery 
v - division- 

Soter soars 

'Sttiet, the eogmeering and 
distribution group, made pre- 
aBt" profi ts of £9.54- ntilfem in 
up froth £4.14 mS&cuL 
. 'wsratr increased from 
^ , _„,'\£»75 million to £L 10 nriUiop. 
I ’ Temp«s, page 27 

- IMI support 

. - - . Martonair, the pneumatic 
" equipment company, is beck- 
" ^ ing an improved £31 mflBon . 

takeover bid from uts -rival, 
■* IMI, which has increased the 
' value of the cash alternative 
**' by 19 per cent to 590p a share. 

Stake raised 

HiHscfowh Uokfi rigs.- tire 
sod group, has bought anotb- 
. . ar. 2.5 million shares in S & W 
jterisford, the commodity 
oompany. lifting its stake' to 
: 0.39 per cent 

Steel up 

. Steel production is Britain 
' averaged 310,500 tonnes a 
, seek in February, 12.4 per 
Jem higher than in January 
: and 3^5 per cent more than in 
. - February 1985. Output in the 
. - first two months of 1986. 
averaged 291/100 tonnes a 
-week, 5.7 per cent ubove the 
- corresponding period of 1985. 

Offer success 

. Acceptances by 

. Charterhouse Petroleum 
duuehoUeis .for Petrofina’s 
-offer have been rc- 
! niA wed for 97.23 per cent of the 
,*hares. Tbe offer will dose on 
March 28, and Petrofinain- 
- .rends to acquire compulsorily 
'■ ;ihe outstanding Charterhouse 
shares. .... 

Boom warning 

T " The Italian treasury minis . 
... ■««; Signor Giovanni Goria* 
r said in Milan that Italian 
share, prices were rising too 
; quickly, 

Swiss quotes 

Hanson Trust's ordinary 
' shares are to be listed on the 
Zurich, Basle and Geneva 
-“'"sock exchanges. 

disrupted in the last month. . 

- T* 1 * Stock Exchange Op-, 
bons Committee imm ediate ly 
.west into emergency session 
and discussed the Exchange's 
legal position in the fa ce of 
possible claims for compensa- 
tion, as trading continued 
nwmally in the underlying 
stocks on the mam market, 
some of which showed double 
figure rises. 

The Exchange said the mar- 
ket failed to open, because of 
teething problems with a new 
computerized matching ' bar- 
gains system introduced at the 
Stock Exchange building on 

It put oat a terse statement 
saying that “due to a contin- 
ued backlog of bargain pro- 
cessing arising from an ea r lie r 

wives ‘face 
tax threat’ 

By David Smith - 
Economics Correspondent 

The proposed system of 
transferable allowances for 
married couples, due to be 
outlined by Mr Nigel Lawson, 
the Chancellor, during next 
Tuesday's Budget speech, is 
“severely flawed," according 
to a report from the Institute 
for Fiscal Studies pubished 

Under the system — not to 
be introduced until neater the 
end of the decade — every 
individual will be alloca ted a 
single allowance for earned or 
unearned income 

- Should the allowance not be 
used, as in the case of non- 
working married women, it 
can be transferred to the 

!; ■•■The IFS says transferable 
allowances will hit married 
couples where both partners 

AT present, such couples get 
the equmdent of 2.6: single 
yftnwtnrrs — rtbe married 
man's allowance phis the 
wife's earned income afiow- 
anct Under the new system 
they would get only two 
allowances, losing £375 a year 
at 1985-86 levels. 

■ Tojxevent this Ioss,tbe IFS 
says, the Government wiH 
probably be forced to raise the 
single allowance fay about 30 
per cent, ata corf of more than 
£4 billion. 

Under the proposed new 
system, wives will start paying 
tax as soon as they begin to 
: work, except in the small 
minority of cases where the 
husband does not earn enough 
to use both allowances, fully. 
The IFS calculates ‘ that 
200.000 working married 
women could quit the labour 
force as a result of this. 

These disadvantages have 
to bests against the two minor 
advantages of abolishing ex- 
plicit sex discrimination in the 
tax system and ■ treating 
spouses with equal incomes 

A for better approach, says 
the IFS, is to abolish the 
married man’s allowance 
without introducing transfer- 
able allowances. There would 
be no disincentive for married 
women who want to work, 
and the tax resources reteased 
coadd be targeted to those who 
need it, most notably married 
couples withdnldren, through 
a big increase in child benefits. 

market to open for business 
on Monday. 

Dealing on the Traded Op- 
tions Market was disru 
ted onfebruaiy 20 and 25 
when the opening of business 
was delayed for 15 minutes 
and Vh hours respectively 
because of overnight queries 
on matched bargains. 

Members of the options 
committee took the view yes- 
terday that the exchange could 
not be sued for losses sus- 
tained by investors because 
there was no contract between 
the Exchange and the inves- 
tors. They also felt that it 
would be difficult for inves- 
tors to establish that they had 
lost money because of the 

However double figure rises 

nies in - whose shares traded 
options are quoted upset bro- 
kers and fund managers. 

One broker said: The 
Cburtauids share price is up 
20 pence on the results, and 
anyone who had bought puis 
has been prevented from dos- 
ing out his position." 

Mr Nigel Foster, a fund 
manager at Save & Prosper, 
which uses traded options in 
26 out of its 30 unit trusts, said 
yesterday; “The .closure of the 
market' has been made all the 
more serious by the feet that 
the main market remains 
open. People have been left 
until exposed positions that 
they can't do anything about. 
This has happened before and 
a number of people, will be put 

The feeling in the market 
yesterday was that investors 
were beginning to doubt the 
ability of the dealing system 
to cope with the record level of 

bargains being struck in the 

Brokers and fund managers 
wanted a full explanation 
from the Stock Exchange 
which would reassure inves- 
tors that the situation would 
not happen again. 

Trading on the London 
Traded Options Market had 
reached a record level on 
Wednesday, with more than 
33.000 bargains struck. 

February was also a record 
month with a total of 380,869 
bargains struck. 

The market has in recent 
months been successfully 
fighting to educate institutions 
in the value of traded options, 
and had set itself a target of 
introducing one new stock a 
month. Eleven stocks had 
been introduced over the last 
year, with Blue Circle the 
latest entrant 

Market report, page 27 


The Angyfl sup erm ai ket group per cent. Sir John said yesterday 
yesterday Tailed, to block a rival that Argyll was minority share- 
bid by Guinness m the bitter holder m DistiBeis mid aspired 
£2,00UTnittkm phis tugo-war for to become sole or at least 
contnd of the giant DistiUeis majority shareholder. He added: 
drinks business.- ‘Their interest may not repre- 

Argyfl had protested that the seat a pure and burning passion 
Monopolies Commission was to see that public law is rightly 
wrongtoby asxfean investiga- administered, but that could be 
tibn into a previous Guinness said of most applicants for 

bad once a new offer was made. 

But three Appeal Court 
judges, ~ led by Sir John 
Donaldson, Master of the Rolls, 
dismissed an appeal by Argyll 
against a High Court dwriann 
last week that the court had no 
power to imeriere with tbe 
Guinness bid. - 

Argyll/ tire Presto supermarket 
drain, was ordered to pay tbe 
costs of the appeal and roused 
leave to appeal to the House of 
In^ k But the compan y is 
considering whether to petition 
the Lords dbect. . 

Argyll has r fa rmwl That al- 
though Guinness dropped its 
first bid. tins stopping tire 
Monopolies Commission roqiri- 
ry, it imroafiarfy bed again on 
nenrtenuL : 

The new bid from Guinness, 
which at £2.4 billion is higher 
than tire Argyll offer, has still to 
await a derision from tire Office 
of fiir Trading. To overcome 
another possible reference h has 
agreed.iosefl off some DisriUos 
brands to reduce tire co m bined 
group’s share of the whisky 
market to 25 per cent 

Argyfl has buSt a 13.8 per 
cent stake in DanBec compared 
with a Guinness holding of HX5 

judkaal review. Indeed, if it were 
the case that that was thdr only 
real interest, they would risk 
being branded as high-minded 
busybodies, which they are not 
either adjectivally or 

The battle for DistiBeis — 
which has involved allegations 
of “dirty tricks” — had a farther 
sequel yesterday when Guinness 
issued writs against Argull chair- 
man Sr femes Gulliver and his 
financial advisers daiming dam- 
ares for defamation arising out 
of an intense advertising cam- 
paign. Sr David Napley, the 
Distillers solicitor, said' “Enough 
is enough. You have to call a ball 
sometimes.” Last night, Mr 
Rupert Fame-Walka; represent- 
ing Argyll's merchant bankers, 
said they were di s ap pointed at 
tire outcome and had not 
reached a derision on whether to 
petition to tire House of Lords 

He said : “ We obviously need 
to make a decision quickly but 
we are also aware that we want to 
get this bid wrapped up as 
quickly as possible. We still fed 

Sheikh Yamani: 
rumour d< 

‘Yamani to 
hits oil 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

S heikh Ahmed Zaki Yama- 
ni, the Saadi oil minister who 
was again at the centre of 
resignation rumours yester- 
day, will chair a meeting in 

— Geneva today called to moni- 

Datiflers solicitor, said “Enough tor oil output from the 13 
is enough. You have to call a halt members of the Organization 
sometimes.” Last night, Mr of Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
Rupcn Fame-Walko; represent- tries, 
ing Argyll's merchant bankers, Although quickly denied, 
said they were disap pointed at the rumour briefly sent oil 
tire outcome and had not prices for next month bade 
reached a derision on whether to towards the $13 a barrelmark. 
petition to tire House of Lords The Saudi oil minister win 
direct chair a meeting of the Opec 

He said : “ We obviously need ministerial committee formed 
to make a derision quickly but 15 months ago to oversee 
we are also aware that we want to Opec production quotas 
get this bid wrapped up as Opec’s market monitoring 
quickly as possible. We still fed committee will also meet to-, 
most firmly that tire Guinness day to draw up reeommenda- 
ofier should be referred to tire tions on how Opec can win a 

Monopolies Commission.” 

Rodamco wins control 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 

Rodamco yesterday gained 
control of Hastemere Estates 

chairman of Haslemere. is 
telling his remaining share- 

after it raised its cash offer for holders not to sell their shares, 
the company to 640p a share. The company says the true nrt 

valuing it at £190.9 mfllion. 

Rodamco NV, acting in 
conceit w(h Rodamco Prop- 

asset value of Haslemere win 
be 761p a share because of a 
rise in the value of new 

erty, both part of Robeco, the developments and rental in- 
Dutch investment manage- come. 

menl fund, now owns 55.5 per 
cent of Haslemere. 

Haslemere announced a net 
asset value of 728p per share 

It increased its holding by in a defensive revaluation of 
buying shares in the market at the portfolio only last week, 
die new offer price. It also Rodamco Property and 
owns 52.4 per cent of the Haslemere are due to meet on 
convertible loan stock. Tuesday to try to reach an 

Mr Da-rid Pickford, the agreement 

larger share of the dwindling 
world oil market 

Both groups will submit 
reports to the fuB ministerial 
meeting, also in Geneva, 
which is due to start delibera- 
tions tomorrow in an effort to 
restore stability to the oil 

However, there are signs 
that internal differences over 
bow tbe problems should be 
tackled will again prevent 
Opec from presenting a united 

At present those who want 
to retain market share at any 
cost appear to be in tbe 
majority, but there are signs 
that the Opec members such 
as Indonesia, Venezuela and 
Nigeria will argue forcefully 
for a return to strict output 

Surprise choice by Reagan 
for World Bank post 


1451&77 (+W2.11) ffioton a — ■ 

WatcooM - 
UoustMoti . 
Stock Conv 
8Ju® Arrow - 


NatMBSt _ 


Martonair _ 
Simon Eng. 
wu Coins. 


- 283 op 14 
~ 814 up 30 
_ 433 up 10 

- 640 up 10- 

- 238 up 12 

- 348 up 25 

- 600 up 25 
_ 601 up 22 
_ 500 Up 14 

1037 up 32 
-219 up 13 
_ 700 up 35 ' 
.. 580 up 20 
„ 336 up 21 
-478 up 80 

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Vniarar — 

W Canning 

FJCUtay - 




ByBaOey Morris 

Mr Barber Conable, the 
surprise choice of tbe Reagan 
Administration to head the 
World Tfanlf, is a moderate 
Republican with broad politi- 
cal experience who wiU work 
dosety with the US Treasury 
in shaping the bank's expand- 
ed new role. 

His nomination as presi- 
dent — an appointment made 
traditionally by America as 
the bank’s biggest financial 
supporter— marks the end of a 
long and frustrating search for 
a successor to Mr AW. (Tom) 

After three nominees had 
turned down the job, Mr 
ConabTe's name was brought 
forward as a compromise. He 
was the closely guarded sec- 
ond choice of Mr James 
Baker, the Treasury Secretary. 

His appointment is a vic- 
tory. for Mr Baker, who faced 
down the White House and a 
strong Senate-led conserve 


Barber Conable; victory 

for James Baker 

feat Mr Donald Regan, the 
White House chief of staff, in 
naming a new president. Mr 
Regan's nominee was Mr. 
William MiddendorC a con- 
servative who Is the US 
ambassador to the European 

The “draft Conable 


five campaign to name his campaign" was spearheaded 
own man to a post which is by Mr Baker with the strong 

£ SI .4657 
£ DM3.3202 
£ S*Fr2J963 
£ FFr102138 
5:0 MZ2S& 

X Index: T17J3 . 
ECU £1-5348-1-5384 
SDR £0.786168 

critical for the “Baker 
initiative" to resolve the next 
stage of the debt crisis. 

Officials said yesterday that 
Mr Conabte’s appointment 
pieant that the US Treasury, 
more so than in recent histo ry, 
will assume a much broader 

role m running the bank. 

Indeed, high-level Adminis- 
tration officials joined in a 
last-minute campaign to de- 

support of Mr Geoige Bush, 
the vice-president, and Mr 
George Shultz, Secretary of 

Although Mr Conable has 
little international experience 
and is not well known outside 
the US, he is highly regarded 
in political circles for his 
performance on the powerful 
House Ways and Means Com- 
mittee where he shaped US 

tax policy over 20 years, rising 
to the top minority position 
before his retirement m 1984. 

European bankers said yes- 
terday that they regarded his 
political experience as a strong 
plus in dealing with Congress 
over resources for the bank 
and in convincing leaders 
from other donor nations to 
support an expanded role for 
tbe bank. 

One of Mr Conable’s key 
lades will be to convince 
Congress to approve the US 
share of a new capital increase 
for the bank during a period of 
strapped resources. 

But the US strategy, accord- 
ing to high-level treasury 
soruces, is to delay asking fora 
captial increase until after tbe 
US mid-term elections in 
November when ail House 
members and 22 senators are 
up for re-election. 

Tbe more immediate task 
will be to define and carry out 
the enhanced role of the bank 
m making large structural 
loans with stria conditions to 
resolve the debt crisis. 

In addition. Mr Conable 
must exen authority over 
warring factions within the 
bank. Almost immediately he 
will be presented with . the 
choice of whether to retain Mr 
Larry Stem, the senior official 
Who has been all but the titual 
heal of the bank under Mr 
Clausen, whose term expires 
in June, officials said. 

Cfansen speech, page 27 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Guinness takes third 
set: Borne to serve 

Judicial reviews have become the 
flavour of the month. As Alex 
Fletcher, a former junior minister at 
the Department of Trade and In- 
dustry and now a highly valued 
consultant to James Gulliver and the 
Argyll Group, said on Thursday. 
“The courts are there to clarify the 
law and to rule on the actions of 
government 2 find this acceptable, 
providing the course of the judgment 
is agreeable to me." 

Wearing his Argyll bonnet, and 
bearing in mind the Court of Appeal's 
refusal to grant leave to appeal to the 
House of Lords, Mr. Fletcher will 
regard the review procedure as 
unaccpetable. The court yesterday 
decided that it would not disturb Mr. 
Justice Macpherson's ruling in the 
High COurt on March 6 that the 
chairman of the Monlpolies and 
Mergers Commision, Sir Godfrey Le 
Quesne, was correct in accepting 
Guinness's argument that its first bid 
for Distillers had been abandoned. 
Sir Godfrey's verdict was accepted by 
Geoffrey Pattie acting for the Sec- 
retary of State, Paul Channon, who is 
in baulk because of his Guinness 
family connection, but challenged by 

Had Argyll succeeded, the ref- 
erence to the MMC of Guinness's bid 
for Distillers would have applied to 
the second offer also. Had the 
reference been made to stand, given 
the time needed for an MMC 
investigation and the financial im- 
plications of delay for the two rival 
bidders and for Distillers’ sharehold- 
ers, Guinness would have had no 
realistic option but to withdraw from 
the field, leaving Argyll certain of 

The spotlight now switches 
dramatically to Sir Gordon Borrie, 
Director-General of Fair Trading, 
who sat impassively through 
yesterday’s Court of Appeal judge- 
ment. His is the next move: to 
recommend to the Department of 
Trade whether the second Guinness 
bid for Distillers should, or should 
not, be referred, like the first, to the 
Monopolies Commission. Had the 
appellate judges yesterday decided in 
Argyll's favour, Guinness might have 
sought leave to appeal to the House of 
Lords but it too would presumably 
have been turned down. In any event 
their Lordships would not have got 
round to the business before June - 
much too late to have a practical 
bearing on the fate of Distillers. But 
the heat would have been off the 
Office of Fair Trading. 

Now Sir Gordon is in an unenvi- 
able position, largely it is true, of his 
own making. His tactical error was to 
let the clearance of Argyll’s bid stand 
after Gjinness had come in with a 
rival offer. The logic within the 
Restrictive Practices Act may have 
been impeccable, but Sir Gordon’s 
now well developed powers of dis- 
cretion and his political awareness let 
him down. It remains within his 
power effectively to deliver Distillers 
to Argyll by recommending that 
Guinness is again refered. But he is 

surely now fully aware of the ar- 
bitrary nature of such a one-sided 
approach, especially in a political 
industrial and financial environment 
where Guinness is favoured as more 
likely than Argyll to restore the 
fortunes of Distillers and with them, 
the fortunes of the economically 
important Scotch whisky industry. 

Although the Court of Appeal's 
written judgement will not be avail- 
able before Monday, when tbe minu- 
tiae of the judges’ reasoning can be 
studied, yesterday’s ruling in essence 
means that the court’s reading , like 
that of Sir Godfrey Le Quesne, is that 
the second Guinness bid is quite 
different from the first The second 
bid, which involves the sale of certain 
Distillers' brands to a major compet- 
itor, was a specific response to the 
OFTs assertion that a combined 
Guinness-Distillers group was likely 
to reduce competition in the domes- 
tic market Can Sir Gordon, knowing 
that the domestic competition issue 
is mind-boggling trivial compared 
with the erosion of Scotch whisky's 
competitive position in export mar- 
kets, fly in the face of four judges and 
the chairman of the Monopolies 
Commission? Surely not 

Mischievous tap 

There is a certain mischievous 
appeal about the tactics of the Bank 
of England when it is very obviously 
trying to have its cake and eat it too. 
Thus, yesterday’s £1 billion tap 
announcement sees the Bank storing 
up stock for a gilt market rally. That 
rally, of course, will result from the 
base rate cut that the Bank has been 
anxious to postpone, until next 
Tuesday, through its money market 
tactics in the past few days. 

The tap, £1 billion of Conversion 9 
per cent 2000, follows recent 
announcements in leaving most of 
the funding until the 1986/87 finan- 
cial year. Only £25 is payable on 
application when the stock becomes 
available to the market next week, the 
remainder becoming due in May and 

This raises the calls outstanding to 
£2.9 billion, from just over £2 billion 
before yesterday’s announcement. It 
underlines the Chancellor's commit- 
ment not to overfund taking one 
financial year with the next. More 
importantly, announcing a tap on the 
Friday before an important meeting 
of the Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries, provides the 
strongest possible indication that the 
authorities believe that this weekend 
is not going to produce any new 

The foreign exchanges have found 
it hard to get worked up about this 
OPEC meeting. There was some brief 
excitement yesterday morning, on a 
rumour, swiftly denied, that the 
Saudi Oil Minister, Sheikh Yamani, 
had either been sacked or bad quit. 

The only sign of anything at all 
happening on oil was a marking 
down for both the pound and the 
dollar against the mark and yen. Tbe 
pound lost three pfennigs to DM3.31 




Our fund 

plus the best 
of the rest. 

The newly formed Oppenheimer Unit Trust 
Portfolio Management Service will appeal to those 
investors with £10.000 or more who seek capital 
appreciation from a portfolio of unit trusts invested 
around the world. The advantages of this service for 
professional advisers include:- 

the team which in 1985 produced “excellent overall 
performance" -including the IVi.l Unit Trust. 

MARKET I V TELLIGE^CE : its our business to 
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with the ability to go totally into cash - currently not 
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OVE POIYT OF C0ST4CT providing simplified 
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To find out how the Oppenheimer Unit Trust 
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you and your clients call Graham Hunter 
on 01-236 2558/2559/2550. Or write to 

him at 66 Cannon Street. London EC4. . . 







From your portfolio card check vow 
eight shoe price m o v em ent. Add them 

Hectic trading 

have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money staled. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
hade of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began Man* 10. Dealings, end March BP* '• Senlemtn,< ^’ ^ 7; 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business flays. 

£ 2.000 



£ 20,000 

Claims required I Claims required 

for ' - 1 
+39 points I 
Claimants sfewdd 



+189 points 


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Opr for die Jaguar Sovereign, and you’ll find its appointments 
an accurate reflection of your own achievements. ^ 

The ambience of hide upholstery. The quiet glimmer of burr 
walnut on dashboard and doorcapping?. The inclusion of air- 
conditioning. The philharmonic quality of the stereo system. 

The amhonrv of a classic six cylinder, fuel injected 4.2 litre 
engine or the awesome 5.3 litre VIZ both producing ample power 
to minimise driving hazards, and seemingly to dimmish every 

ocher vehicle on the road The uncanny blend of balance and 
unobtrusiveness in handling 

For 1986, we ve even managed some refinements. 

A somewhat lighter interior, employing doeskin pillar trim in place 
of the black used hitherto. The choice of four distinguished new 
exterior colours, with matching coach lines. 

Headlamp wash/wipe as standard on both models. Etched 
stainless steel front and rear treadplates. (\Ve make no apology: To a 

Sovereign driver, the quality of the treadplates is of importance.) 

And when you consider that a new Sovereign provides all this 
at a cost measurably less than that demanded for comparable’ 
motor cars, you'll agree that the decision to choose a Jaguar is in 
itself a laudable feat. 

After all. a Sovereign has always been a sound investment. 

JVC'! IW. •? sATSEIC-V Vi: V' 

Pkl'- -' bA*L” ■ •' ^L'CCRSECI il 1>.V_ .’1 vViV- T-J rfci-: .'-Z..ZL 

?IM tLLT^ C'.r 1.V-. V.-.l 50 & l.W \\~ v. \ip = I"-'.!’.-* IV: ?.*•. ' 






sterling tipped to make Americans join in the spree 

The logjam at Stock Conver- 
sion. the old established 
property company where 
Stockley, the young and ag- 
gressive properly company 
nas aa unwelcome 26.5 per 
cent stake, could be cleared 
by a third party if no agree- 
ment is reached between the 

Both Sir Jeffrey Sterling, 
the chairman of P&O 
Group, and Mr Jacob Roth- 
schild. the financial brain 
behind Stockley. returned to 
the country yesterday. 

This was enough to set City 
tongues wagging at the pros- 
pect ofSir Jeffrey, through his 
various shareholdings, buy- 
ing Stockley's stake in Stock 
Conversion and launching a 
bid for the company him«a»if 

The route tp Slock Conver- 
sion ties through European 
Ferries in which P & O has a 
20-8 per cent interest. 

Sir Jeffrey denies that he 
will make an all-out bid for 
European Ferries but the 
market takes a different view. 
It believes that P&O’s 
year-end results, due out on 
March 27, will give Sir Jeffrey 
an opportunity to annwinw* a 
hefty rise in profits which 
would enable him to use 
expensive paper to bid for 
European Ferries, which 
owns 29.9 per cent of 

. The deal with Stockley 
involved Euroferries taking 
shares as' payment for 
Stockley's acquisition of its 
British properry portfolio 
leaving its US properties in 

Stockley in turn has 26 J 
per cent of Stock Conversion 
for which it paid 600p per 

Stock Conversion would 
dearly like to be rid of 
Stockley but it has been 
unwilling to boy it out at a 
{nice which shows Stockley a 
pro fi t over its acquisition 

But if Sir Jeffrey comes on 
the scene via European Fer- 
ries, Stockley may sell out 
leaving P & O nicely placed 
to bid for Stock Conversion 
which is capitalized at about 
£285 million. 

Sir Jeffrey demurs at being 
called a property man but the 


Mr David Abell's Suter yes- 
terday cheerfully beat its two- 
week-okl forecast, made at 
the time of the £32 milli on 
agreed bid for UKO Interna- 


Peninsular and 
Oriental Group 
bought 20.8% 

. of... 

European Ferries 
which owns 
29.9% of... 

Stockley I 

which has $ 

26.5% of.. I 

Stock Conversion | 

resurrection of Town & City 
Properties, now called Ster- 
ling Guarantee Trust, under 
P & O's banner remains one 
of the activities for which he 
is notable. And the prospect 
of acquiring one of Britain's 
largest property companies 
with an as-yet undervalued 
portfolio may be too tempt- 
ing to miss. ■ 

If a deal is struck with 
European Ferries it would 
give P&O the chance to 
consolidate its freight inter- 
ests and possibly sell the 
cross-Channel fleet, leaving 
the US property. - 

Which leads to interesting 
speculation that P & O could 
bid for Ocean Transport and 
Trading; which in turn, 
through Overseas Containers 
and British and Common- 
wealth Shipping, the signifi- 
cant shareholders, would give 
Sir Jeffrey Country and New 
Town, the property company 
in which BCS has a large 

Its US properties added to 
those of European Ferries, 
would makea handy overseas 
investment allied to P & O's 
existing property interests. 

tional, and went on to dem- 
onstrate that the 131 percent 
increase in pretax profits to 
£9.54 million could by no 
means be put down wholly to 

The wheeler-dealer image 
is clearly being shown the 
door indeed, the 26 per cent 
stake in FH Lloyd is now 
officially up for sale and Mr 
AbeU has temporarily given 
up as would-be saviour of the 
British foundry industry. 

“Original" Suter business- 
es achieved an underlying 57 
per. cent increase in trading 
profits on turnover up by a 
quarter but the record of 
improvement at the acquired 
companies is just as impres- 

Francis Industries doubled 
its 1984 pre-interest profits, 
including an increase from 
£100,000 to £1.2 million at 
the two Clearplas companies, 
while Lake & Elliot, which 
Suter took full control of last 
April, saw a fourfold increase. 

So what will Mr Abell do 
with UKO? 

The catering equipment, 
spectacle case; and coffee 
distribution businesses — 
with profits of up to £3 
million on turnover ap- 
proaching £30 million — have 
already been earmarked as 
potential winners which until 
now have been strapped for 

At the same time, the loss- 
making opthaimic lens opera- 
tion — with its excessive stock 
levels — must surely benefit 
from Suter’s distribution ex- 

With gross debt down by 
£4 million to £1 million since 
the year-end. further acquisi- 
tions are likely but at any 
mention ofUnipart, Mr AbeU 
beepmes extremely coy. 

With £3m from UKO, this 
year could see pretax profits 
rise to £16 million which 
would pull down the prospec- 
tive earnings multiple to 12. 

The re-rating by the City of 
both the company and the 
man is amply illustrated by a 
46 per cent outperformance 
by the shares over the past 

Slock market dealers trav- 
elled home exhausted but 
happy last night after one of 
the most hectic trading weeks 
on record. 

Volume was so great that 
the traded options section 
foiled to open, causing confu- 
sion and annoyance to those 
who wanted to close positions 
before the weekend, 

' This was particularly crucial 
for oil traders before Sunday's 
important Organization of Pe- 
troleum Exporting Countries 

However, in conventional 
markets, demand for equities 
continued apace, taking share 
prices to new peaks. Just as the 
pace was beginning to flag 
American investors came in to 
give prices an extra shove, 
particularly among 


Hesitancy before the Budget 
proved non-existent but the 
buying was more selective 
than of late. 

The Ft-30 share index 
dosed at a record 1360.7, up 
10.1 points, and the more 
broadly based FT-SE 100 
index closed at 1624.4, up 7.7. 

Government securities 
shook off Thursday's bout of 
uncertainty and closed half a 
point higher, undeterred by a 

ures are for the 15 months 
December 31. The final divi- 
dend was 10.125p 97.5p). 
making 13.125p after taking 
into account the extended 
period (10.5p).The figures are 
in £000:Turnover was 60.529 
(46,011 OX pretax profit 'was 

The results for the year to 
December 31 are as follows 
with the dividend at 625p 

subsidiaries. Land and Marine 
Engineering and Safe Offshore 
of Gothenburg, are each tak- 
ing a 50 per cent share in a new 
company. Safe Offshore. 

TION: The chairman's state- 
ment with the annual report 
says that the company was 
experiencing good demand for 
all services. 

MILL: With figures in £000, 
group turnover was 5,100 
(7.400) for the half year ended 
October 31 1985. Net profit 
before tax was 8 (98). 

£1 million partly paid convert- 
ible tap. 

The best performing sectors 
apart from drug companies 
were textiles, engineers and 
banks. The latter were particu- 
larly strong after upgradings 
by leading brokers. National 
Westminster led the field at 
817p, up 33p. a 75p gain in 
two days. LJoyds improved 
23p to 5$7p. 

Oils were drab not only 
because of the Opec meeting 
but also because of capital 
spending cuts planned bv 
Exxon and Chevron. BP at 
545p lost I5p, and Shell gave 
back I7p to 741 p despite 
Thursday’s satisfactory re- 

In stores, Woolwortb 
climbed 32p to 61 Ip when 
takeover rumours foiled to 


die. Trust House Forte were 
another to attract speculative 
interest, 7p higher at 1 9 1 p, on 
persistent talk of an offer from 
American Express. 

Tobaccos benefited from 
the trend on Wall Street after a 
Philip Morris executive spoke 
of a victor)' in the industry’s 
produce battles. Imperial 
Group were marked up 7p to 
33 Ip as Hanson Trust (4p 
better at 1 Sip) increased its 
stake to 8.65per cent Fisons 
jumped )8p to 529p after 
further comment on recent, 
results. Anti-aids drug devel- 
opment hopes prompted de- 
mand for Wellcome 
Foundation at 2 1 9p, up 1 3p to 
a record. Glaxo were wanted 
at I037p, up 32p. and ICI 
closed 2p above £10. 

Berisford rallied 4p to 202p as 
Hillsdown Holdings (down 7p 
to 243p) lifted its stake to 
more than (Oper cent. Dalgety 
at 260p recouped 5p. 

Comment on American ex- 
pansion plans boosted 
Unilever 40p to 1 570p. Turner 
and Newall added 4p to 189p 
ahead of Thursday**s results. 

Expamet, also reporting 
next week, improved 6p to 
158p. Maitonair jumped I Op 
to 640p in response to an 
increased and final offer from 
LMJLalso lOpupat 18 Ip. 

Good results on Thursday 
stimulated Bridport G undry at 
1 92 p. up 8p. Simon Engineer- 
ing, reporting soon, climbed 
12p to 238p. AJE. reflected 
satisfaction with a lucrative 
contract from Cadillac and 


Abbott M V (180p) 220 

Ashley (L) (135p) 234 up 1 

BPP (160p) 135 up 2 

Brookmount (160p) 182 up 2 
Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 72 

Cranswick M (95p) 107 

Diafene (128p) 205 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 28 

Granyte Surface (56p) 82 up 4 
Inoco (55p) 47 

JS Pathology (I60p) 288 

Jarvts Porter (105p) 
Klearfold (118p) 
Lexicon (115p) 
Macro 4 (105p) 
Merivale M (115p) 
Norank Sys (9 Op) 
Really Useful (330p) 
SAC Inti (lOOp) 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Sigmex (101p) 
Snowdon a B (97p) 

P (130p) 

143 dn 3 

130 up 1 
130 up 8 
94 up 3 


Underwoods p80p) 186 dn 1 
Wellcome (120p) 219 up 13 

W York Hosp (90p) 76 

Wtckes (140p) 156 


Cullens N/P 75 

Hartwells N/P 

NMW Comp 90 up 14 

Porter chad F/P 105 up 4 
Safeway UK £45^ 

Wates F/P 143 

Westland F/P 78 up 5 

World Bank looks 
for policy changes 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

(Issue price in bracketsl. 

76 up 5 

Motor shed 3p to I70p on 
disappointment with the low- 
er- than -expected terms from 
Tozer Kemslev & Mill bourn 

Holdings, 1 p lower at 97p. 

TV shares held fiirn ahead 
of next week’s dividends. 
Wflliam Collins A. which 
reported a near 12 per cent 
profits increase on Thursday, 
were marked up 25p to 348p, 
taking its fellow publisher. 
Octopus, up 25p to 600p in 

Textiles had Vantona at 
SOOp up 14p still benefiting 
from the merger with Coats 
Patons. The takeover 
favourite W. Canning were 
1 Op dearer at 1 26p. Its figures 
are due this month. 

Rank Organisation lost 1 1 P 
to 52 Ip awaiting next week's 
appeal result on the 
Granada/IBA saga. Gold 
Greenlees Trott made a bright 
debut at 1 88p against the offer 
price of 1 65p. British Telecom 
slipped 2p to 216p on further 
response to Thursday's slight- 
ly disappointing profits. 

In properties. Stock Conver- 
sion rose 20p to 580p awaiting 
takeover developments. 
Motmtleigh. at 700p, and 
Rose Hangh, 545p, were oth- 
ers to find favour around 40p 


More World Bank lending 
will be related to policy 
changes by the borrowing 
countries. Mr A W (Tom) 
Clausen, the bank’s president, 
said yesterday. But be stressed 
that policy changes by indus- 
trial nations were also a 
condition of stable growth 
among developing countries . 

In a speech delivered at the 
Commonwealth Secretariat in 
London. Mr Clausen de- 
scribed Bank policy as resting 
on two piD ars;“assis ting our 
borrowers in formulating sat- 
isfactory programmes of ad- 
justment and more rapid 
growth, arid helping to mobi- 
lize the external resources 
necessary to sustain that 

Mr Clausen, who is likely to 
be replaced in the middle of 
this year by Mr Barber Con- 
able, added:“The first step is 
in the formulation of more 
effective country pro- 
grammes. Development plans 
need to be based on realistic 

three-year investment pro- 
grammes, realistic assump- 
tions about recurrent revenues 
and expenditure, and an ap- 
propriate balance between 
maimainance and new 

But he gave a 
waming:“While a measure of 
economic growth can result 
purely from internal adjust- 
ment. sustained and larger 
economic growth depends on 
the measure of adjustment 
undertaken in Organization 
for European Economic Co- 
operation and Development 
economies, in the world trad- 
ing system and in internation- 
al institutions.” 

Mr Clausen highlighted pro- 
tectionism among developed 
countries and "virtually 
stagnant” flows of official 
development assistance and 
declining commercial bank 
flows which resulted in a net 
outflow of funds from devel- 
oping countries as .problems 
which had to be tackled. 

Heatrae Sadia: Mr Andrew 
Brown has joined the board. 

Union Bank of Switzerland; 
Mr Bruno Meier is to be chief 
executive. London branch. 

Smith Brothers 

(Whitehaven): Mr Chris 
Bur land has become market- 
ing director, Mr Alan Sewell 
financial director and Mr 
Frank Todhnnter a director. 

Jefferson Smurfit Group: 
Mr Tony Smith has been 
named divisional managing 
director, paper and board 

Thomas Borthwick: Mr 
John Thomson has been ap- 
pointed a non-executive direc- 

STC Lord Rawlinson of 
Ewell has joined the board. 

Dewey Warren Holdings: 
Mr Charles Norton-Smith has 
been made managing director 
of the group and of the 

Dewey Warren & Compa- 
ny: Mr Simon T Morrison has 
become chairman. Mr Ian R 
Crighton and Mr Anthony 
Pointing have been made joint 
managing directors and Mr 
John W J Spencer a director. 
Mr Allred T Day and Mr Paul 

Daly have been appointed 
executive directors. 

Molecular Computer Mr 
Arthur Kennedy has been 
named vice-president of Euro- 
pean operations. 

Henderson Pension Fund 
Management: Mr Mike An- 
thony has become deputy 
managing director. 




ABN.._ 124% 

Adam & Company 124% 

BCC1 124% 

Citibank Savings! -..124% 

Consolidated Crds 124% 

Continental Trust -...124% 

Co-operative Bank 124% 

C. Hoare & Co 124% 

LLoyds Bank 124% 

Nat Westminster 124% 

Royal Bank o! Scotland 124% 

TSB — 124% 

Citibank NA..; 124% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 







New York (Reuter) — Wall 
Street stocks rose higher at 
midsession on Thursday, with 
blue chips advancing on the 
strength of a few consumer- 
related issues, traders said. 

Later the stocks extended 
their rally into high territory, 
with tobacco shares providing 
some real sparks. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average dosed up &2 6 at 


There were 859 issues ad- 
vancing, 802 declining and 408 

Volume totalled 

171, -480.000 shares. compared 
with 210,250,000 on the previ- 
ous day. 

The financial index also 
gained despite weaker money 
centre banks. 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices closed lower in 
active trading. 

■win : »--!j.n-i!raa 

Mar Mar 
13 12 

Mar Mar 
13 12 

r tt 



Argentina ausnr . 

Base Rates % 

Clearing Banks 12ft 
Finance House 13 
Discount Market Loam* 

Overnight High: 13 Low 12V 

weak mad: 12 ft/ft 

Treasury Bfo (Discount %) 

Zm£f! 11X fmnR lift 

3mmb lift 3 mnth lift 

Prime Bank B«a (Discount %) 

1 mnth I2'ra-12 2 mnth 1i*-11"w 
3mntti Tlfte-TI'ft* 6mmh 10ft-10 ,s i» 

Trade BttetOacwintJft) 

1 mnth 12 l, ie 2 mnth 12ft 

3mmri 12 *ib 6mnth lift 

Interbank (%) 

Ovemnnc apart 13ft dose 18 
1 week13ft-l3fc 6 mnth Ilft-IIK 

1 mnth 12H-12V 9mnth ilft-11 

3 mnth 11 u .*-11ft 12mm ll-IQ** 

Local Authority Dopoatt* fM 

2 days 12ft Jdays 12ft 

1 mnth 12ft 3 mnth lift 

6 mnth lift 12mth 11 

Local Authority Bonds (*) 

1 mnth 12ft-12ft 2 mnth 12K-12ft 
3 mnth 12'.»-12»i« Ornnth 11 ' j m- 11 ,, » 
9 mnth lift-lift 12mth 11 »w11 3 m 

tmnth B l2ttrl2& 3 mnth 12 ft- 12ft 
6 mnth 1l J w-l1'i« fZmth I0ft-1(K 

3mnth 730-7-2S 
6 mnth 7 .38-7-25 12 mth 7.40-73S 


cal 7*-6ft 
1 month 7 ft- 7% 

6 months 75^-7® i* 

1 month 49Wft 
B months! 'n-** » 
cad 9ft-Bft 
f month IflK-IS 
6 months I2ft-12ft 
caB 2ft -1ft 
1 month 4-3ft 

cat OO 

1 month 5 “/’*» 

B months 5ft-5ft 

7 days 7%»-7ft 
3 months 7ft-7ft 
7 days 4"io-4*i» 
3 monthsV m-4* to 
French Franc 
7 days l7-« 

3 months MS -14 
&jfe* Franc 
7 days 2%-2ft 
3 montl»3ft-3K 

7 days 5 , »wS ,, a 
3 months 5* w-5 7 * 

Bahrain ednar 



Greece drachma — 
Hong Kong dodar — 



Kuwait dinar KO — 
Malaysia dodar 

llyim | Vty) _____ 

New Zealand dofar . 
Sum* Arabia riyal „ 
Smqapora dour — 
South Africa rand _ 
U AEdkham 




_ 2U.0S2S- 20.1857 




„„ 113758-113862 











The pikes and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page relate to 
Thursday’s trading 


“Excludes VAT 

Fixed Rate Starling Export Finance 
Schama IV Average referen ce rata for 
interest period February 5 1SB8 to 
March 4 1985 fntiushne 12 jB 4 par 


Csaanos down 83 V ml 


Three Months . 25630458.80 



Hfghj/lo* . . posa 

BT JWtXM&O 8275 

taUfi 8000-7984 7 mss 

iSaS 7930-7530 7900 

JWMM .. 7704 

£**88 ■ - 270.0 

Die*' - ’ 9775 

tears***- _ 

Open rarest 79 . 

889 0 dow n 7SDPWadcwaa_ 



Three Month Stalling Open 

Mar 66 88.31 

Jun 88 8938 

Sep 86 89.73 

Dec 86 8938 

Previous day’s total open interest 12005 
Three Month Eurodollar 

, Mar BE 9236 

~ Jun 86 92.74 

3. Sup SB 92.71 

fi? i Dec 86 92.58 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 96-30 

JunSS 9649 

Sep 86 96-25 ‘ 

High Low dmw EatVot 
88.35 9831 6835 289 

8935 89-26 8935 1787 

89.75 89.69 89J5 156 

9001 8092 9000 81 

™ | iF--- — : ws 

30 * SepfiS N/T 

Imperial CM n/a 

Mass-Fetg n/a 
Ryl Trustee n/a 

BO Onar Chng Yw 

abbev imt trust managers 

80. HmMnnmt Rd. Bournemouth BHfl SAL 
GJ»S 717373 ILXIXMI 

(M 4 F«M 
t*gn me Eaufly 
wcrwwaa Bane 

Amancen GiMi 

AMn Panrc 
Asm I Exm* 
Caoni RMre 
Comi 4 Energy 
Einooean Capol 


Uk &wn me 
Do Aeeum 
US Enwgmfi Co'* 
Eaww teognm 

tl 73 124 1* .10 9 67 

89 7 9S4 -0.3 S 19 

T7E5 1891* *07 S 13 

1S4J 164.1 *24 0 76 

38 7 416 -08 3 00 

961 100 7 . 164 

613 81 8* -05 1 64 

663 705* *09 154 
802 BSJ *1.9 176 

1382 1456 -04 £92 

Bll 675 *19 

877 942 -01 183 

125 5 13*9 . . 1 14 

61 1 66 6 *12 0*0 

199 0 207 8 -1 3 3 43 

681 618 *10 162 

A9M Durov Cereri Swmesn SN1 
0793 6IC3G6 4 0793 28291 

f he A* ^ J 





Air chief 
warns of 
new crisis 

By Mldrael BaOy 
Transport Editoir 

Work! airlines could be 
ncadm» for another financial 
crisis after only two years in 
profit, Mr Norman Geary 
mad of die successful Air New 

ZC 3 I 3 M Vmnn nU -i- 

. . , irr-Ki juwiuoy. 

After a S500 million (£341 
million} surplus last year 
international Air Transport 
Association airlines look like 
iraWpg only $100 million - 
the price of one Boeing 747 — 
“os year, Mr Geary told the 
Royal Aeronautical Society in 
London. And a number of 
serious problems are hanging 
over the industry from mart 

Mr Geary gave a warning 
that more airlines were faring 
failure soon. . 

Bookings rise 10% for 
holidays in England 

By Derek Harm, Industrial Editor 

More Britons, are planning 
holiday s id England this" year 
according to a survey frofla the 
English . . Tourist 

BoanLBookings at some re- 
sorts are reported to be up by 
10 per cent or more compared 
with . this time last year. 

With the ending of the 
February cold snap most En- 
glish resorts say they expect 
bookings to pick up and put 
business at least on a par with 
last year which, despite rainy 
periods, is claimed to have 

been “exceptionally good" for 
dome stic t ourism, according 
to the ETB. 

Domestic spending in tour- 
ism was up between 6 and 7 
per cent . last year with an 
increase especially in the later 

pan of the year. - 

Ladbroke Holidays report- 
ed bookings up 12 per cent, 
while at Wallace Arnold they 
were up 10 percent, the survey 

Blakes, which specializes in 
self-catering holidays, report- 
ed “excellent” pre-Christmas 

. A number of resorts report- 
ed a bigger demand for bro- 
chures, among them 
Scarborough, Southport (10 
per. cent up), Brighton, Has- 
tings and Blackpool. 

. The survey results were 
announced at an awards 
cereinomy for Bridlingto n and 
Torbay, winners of an ETB 
competition for the best ideas 
to develop resorts. 


£ 2,000 

The competition had 
unpted fresh ideas in the 
million-a-year resort 
industry, said Mr David 
Trippier, minister for tourism 
at the Department of Employe 

Mr Duncan Black, the ETB 
chairman, said English resorts 
were in competition with 
overseas destinations offering 
purpose-built accommodation 
and guaranteed sunshine. 

He added: “Improvements 
in resorts will only come about 
through local will and enthusi- 
asm. Resorts must invest in 
new facilities and break into 
growth markets such as visi- 
tors from overseas, short holi- 
days and business tourism.” 


final dividend of 140 cents is 
being paid on April 1 7 . making a 
total of 195 cents a share (190 
cents) for 1985. Turnover 
RS.069 million (£1,748 million), 
against R4.4 14.9 million. Pretax 
income R485.2 minion (£167 
million), compared with R41 2.3- 
million. The board expects that 
1 986's earnings . will at least 
equal 1985. 

have been armouriced to include . 
option holders outride North 
America in the recent rights 
issue: Option holders will be 
able to acquire one ; partlywpaid 
A us$2 share for every four 
options hdd at S cents a share 
The options are due to expire in 
June and, by law, cannot be 
extended or altered. . . 

The board of Ace Belmont 
International has reported that 
the preparation of audited ac- 
counts for the year to August 31' 
was delayed pending the resolu- 
tion of the ac c oa n tancy treat- 
ment or ehmng pa (O the 
comp an y’s manageme nt struc- 
ture. The board expects that 
audited consolidated accounts 
will be available daring May. 

Interim divividend 16 cents 
(14). Halftime net profit Aus 
555.68 . million (about £27 mil- 
lion). against AnsS26.97 mil- 
lion. Turnover AusSl77.87 
minion (Aus$12CL6l million): 
Onc-fbr-four scrip issue pro- 


HOLDINGS: No dividend, as 
forecast. Nine months to Dec. 
31. 1985, compared with the 
previous 12 months. Pretax 
profit £2 74 million (loss, £13.09 
million). Disclosed earnings per 
share 1.9p (low, 4ZJpL . - 

• VITATRON: Medtronic’s 
cash offer is now oncondiiionaL . 
It has been accepted for 84.9 per 
cent of the issued capital and 

Granada Group now owns or 
has received acceptances for 
8.93 million ordinary shares 
(99.2 per cent) and intends to 
acquire compulsorily the 

SYSTEMS: Electronic Data 
Processing’s offer has been ac- 
cepted for 5.56 million ordinary 
shares (94.8 per cent), has been 
declared unconditional and will 
remain open until further no- 

MENTS: Final dividend 7p, 
making L2p(10p) for 1985. Net 
turnover. £1.95. million (£1.75 
million). Profit before tax 
£894.471 (£508,666). Earnings 
per share before extraordinary 
nems, 25 J3p( 18, 58p) and after, 

• WFP: Further undertakings 
to accept Promotions House's 
offer have been received from 
significant institutional 
shareholders. The number of 
shares irrevocably committed to 
accept has now more than 
doubled, from 3.6 million to 
7.41 million (about 29 per cent). 

The company has completed the 
disposal of the principal assets 
of its offshoot. Cooper Horse- 
shoe Nail, for £1.5 million. The 
purchaser has also acquired, at 
valuation, the finished slock of 
horseshoe Dads held fry CHN's 
US distributor, CHN Inc. 

• DUNTON GROUP: Interim 
dividend 0. 1 6p (nil). Turnover 
for the six months to Nov. 30, 
1985, £1.28 million (£539.613). 
Pretax profit £172,130 
(£78,449). Earnings per share 
1.0Sp (0.52p). 

• ESSELTE: Results for 1985. 
Dividend 13.5 Swedish krona 
(12.fcroaa). Sales. 10,222 minion 
krona - (about £960 miHion), 
against. 8,713 million krona. 
Income before approporiations 
and tax, 694 million krona (620 
million krona.). 

• SINTROM: Dividend for 
1 985 222p (ml). Turnover £14.82 
million (£m08 minion). Pretax ’ 
profit £1225 million (£953,000). 
Earnings per share 8.9p (7.0p). 

Turnover for die half-year to 
Oct. 31, 1985, £5222 mfflion 
(£6.03 minion)- Loss on or- 
dinary activities £153,000 
(profit, £25,000). No tax (same). 
Extraordina r y debit, £227,000 
(nil). Loss per share l-5p (earn- ' 

A first quarterly dividend of 
-0.473p (0.425p) is being paid on 
May 6. This indicates a rate for 
the year to Sept. 30 next of 1.9p 
a share (1.775p, adjusted). 

• BBA GROUP: The final 
dividend is !.16p(0.9p), mak- 
ing 2p (1.74p) for 1985, pay- 
able on July 7. With figures in 
£000. comparison adjusted 
sales. were 229,513 
(176,1 lOXgross .profit was 
63,547 (47,341),trading profit 
was 1 3,477 (6,402 Laffer distri- 
bution. costs were 31,303 
(25,571) and administration 
expenses were 18,767 

business of the subsidiary, 
Tennant & Rutile, has dou- 

Pfcrfcdale Holdings is to sell the 
freehold interest m 19 Welling- 
ton Street, Leeds, to the city 
council for £842^400 cash. This 
property was acquired in July, 
1983, for £200,08®. It was 
refurbished and is indnded in 
Parkdale's balance sheet for the 
year ending Apr3 30, 1985, at 
£775,000. AboM £487,000 has 
been spent on it 

bled in volume terms during 
the last five years and is 
expected to show further sub- 
stantial growth in the foresee- 
able future. 


ELECTRONIC&Thc compa- 
ny, subject to contract plans to 
sell its lightdiffe factory to 
the management 

consomumjieaded by Mr Da- 
vid Rose and Mr Derek Dee. 

chairman, Mr Derek 
Crouchin his annual review, 
says it is expected that the 
improved results from Ameri- 
can operations with the gradu- 
al emergence of the 
construction development di- 
virion will continue to supple- 
ment core British mining 

GUNDRY:The results for the 
six months to January 31 are 

as follows, with the interim 
dividend at I.65p(1.45p).The 
figures are in £000. Turnover 
was 16,964 (13,920). profit 
before tax was 924 (646) tax - 
British and overseas was 336 
(246), minority interests, debt 
was 22 (30) 

ures are for the 15 months 
December 31. The final divi- 
dend was 10.12Sp 97.5p) 
making 13.125P after taking 
into account the extended 
period (10.5p).The figures are 
in £00Q:Tumover was 60,529 
(46,0110), pretax profit was 
3,188 (2,604) 

The results for the year to 
December 31 are as follows 
with the dividend at 625p 
(0J25p) The figures are in 
£000 investment income was 
194 (272) and interest receiv- 
able was 79 (28). 

subsidiaries, Land and Marine 
Engineering and Safe Offshore 
of Gothenburg, are each tak- 
ing a 50 per cent share in a new 
company, Safe Offshore. 

TION: The chairman's state- 
ment with the annual report 
says that the company was 
experiencing good demand for 
all services. This trend contin- 
ues suttject only to the usual 
pre-Budget uncertainties. 

MILL: With figures in £000, 
group turnover was 5,100 
(7,400) for the half year ended 
October 31 1985. Net profit 
before tax was 8 (98). 


United Computer and Technol- 
ogy Holdings is advising 
shareholders to acc ep t the offer 
by Park Place in preference to 
the one by Harvard Securities. 
Park Place's offer is worth 133p 
a share, compared with a market 
price of about 128p and the 
Harvard cash alternative of 



With the new Gateway Star 60 
Account, your money earns extra 
high interest but never gets 
hopelessly tied up. 

A minimum investment of 
£500 earns a healthy 9.8% net p.a. 
basic rateincome tax paid (equal 
to 14% gross to base rate income 
tax payers). With 60 clays' written 
notice of withdrawal there is no 
loss of interest whatsoever. You 
can withdraw your money, 
however, on demand. 

Should you need some of 
vour investment straight away, 
you only lose 60 dayslntenest on 


new Star performance account 
from Gateway. 

■Cl Fill M 

■r jr « i 

• II I 

■, » A m ’ J 




Thereto shown enet of Igbiaytphasc ra te in come tax and may vary 
r oumngton Lana, Wbrthmo. West Sussex BN132GH. Assets owerEl^OOrntflioo. Reservesover£57 million. 

Invest now with Perpetual. 

Unprecedented Growth 

Growth in the size of continental 
European slock markets has been dramatic 
over recent years and yet the largest, West 
Germany, for example, has a stock market 
that is around half the size of that of the 
United Kingdom while its economy is 
nearly twice as large. 

However; increasing international and 
domestic interest; continuing recovery 
from the recessionary environment of the 
early 80 V, and the re-rating of shares in 
some of Europe's successful multi-national 
companies, combine to suggest an exciting 
future for European stock markets. 

U.K. and Continental Europe 

The European Growth Fund will invest 
in the 2,400 plus public companies quoted 
on the U.K. slock market as well as those of 
continental Europe, providing the Managers 
with an 80% wider investment range over 
purely continental European companies. 

The objective of the Fund is maximum 
capital growth and initially the Managers 
anticipate investing the portfolio as 

West Germany 25% 

Economic optimism abounds, inflation is 
a low 1.8% and lax cuts expected this year 
should boost consumer expenditure. 

United Kingdom 31% 

Low inflation, together with double digit 
gains projected forcorporate profits and 
dividends, combine to create many 
excellent investment opportunities. 

France 20% 

Against a background of encouraging 
economic indicators, shares continue to 
provide prospects for growth. 

Switzerland 4% 

Business confidence is running high with 
inflation declining and capacity utilisation 
averaging 86%. 

Italy 7% 

The Italian stock market, although modest 
in size, is growing following strong demand 
from Italian mutual funds set up in 1983. 

Netherlands 5% 

Low inflation and increases in domestic 
consumption and exports should boost 
share prices. 

Other European Markets 8% 

Stock markets may include those of 
Spain, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, 

Denmark and Austria 

Europe is experiencing a new economic 
era of steady low inflationary growth which 
we believe will provide investors with con- 
sistent and rewarding investment results. 

Unit Trust Managers 
of the year* 

in the eleven years since launching the 
G roup's first unit trust in the United 
K ingdom. Perpetual has earned an 
enviable reputation for consistent 
investment success. 

Perpel uars the lop performer 

. .rurpclmluki: rheOh\CtW,l»i8SWiiilTiuM 
Mjnjfvnol the UMUtjrd A ru-hlt duscr^-d jm jixt 
li.iihL'.intumiiuir -LhaimunMantn vtuh.Buh 

Vertiur>.Si.ol[ M^jljsKjn jihI \1-irtin K.wh - hue ■ 
been pindLu.'ing pert nrmjnii.- plu rn'.v.trltliirnuiii __ 

>tJ(S .. . . ..... ■ 


Uni l Trust Managers of the year { 

...Over Ihi year. every .ingle PiirpcHul Murid h.i. f 

mined mlrt the MjlL fHerlheb-a 12 nmnlhxlhe I 
Perpeitul T und. hjiepnidiiecd jnjvirjpe ueiyrhied 
peril imuncenl 2? 7 per vent ^ . ■ ... 

% . ■’ *» % j/' 

• "wO.NEl * iAG4Zl&EDn HI 

Special post launch offer 
Act now! 

Full details of this new Fund are set out 
in the Prospectus, which can be obtained 
by posting the coupon below to the 

By sending for details immediately, you 
could benefit from an advantageous 
special offer - we will provide full details 
with the Prospectus. 


through the I 


Perpetual in Europe 

Perpetual has been investing successfully 
in European shares for some years through 
international unit trusts. The International 
Growth Fund,(£80mil!ion)as an example, 
is the U.K Is top unittrust for capital growth 
since its launch in September 1974 with an 
increase in ihe offer price of units of 2,200* '« 
asal 31st December 19S5. Since 19S2 up to 
30% of the portfolio has been invested in 
continental European stock markets, while, 
during the last five years, the U.K. exposure 
has been as high as 69%. 

I Please send me a copy of the Perpetual 
I European Growth Fund Prospectus. 

I You can also invest in this Fund through the 
j Monthly Savings Plan from £20 per month. 

| For details please tick □ 

I To: Perpetual Group. 48 Hart Street. 

■ Henlej-on-Thames,OxonRG92AZ. i/ 
| Tel: Henley-on-Thames (0491) 576868. 


■ \ln Ml- -M... 





TMS 15.3.8b 

! PP Perpetual! 



, „ v \‘ ■ 

It’s where most people expect to retire. 


Are you suffering from the great pension delusion? 

Do you make regular contributions into a pension plan, on 
the understanding that you will receive a small fortune when 
you retire? 

It is depressing, but true, that many people are persuaded 
io start their own pension plans on the promise of huge 
rewards in the future. 

Vanbrugh regard these ‘projections' as misleading since 
they invariably take no account of inflation, which on past 
evidence will be dramatic over the ten, twenty or thirty years 
between now and your retirement 

'four pension - the shocking truth 

If you .ask Vanbrugh to arrange a pension for you, we will 
give you a realistic indication of the actual purchasing 
power of your future pension. 

Take, for example, a 30 year old man saving £1,000 a year 
for his retirement at 65. He could well expect a retirement 
fond of about £250,000 which could provide a pension of 
about £36,000 each veat But this completely ignores inflation 
- that’s why we think that most current pension projections 
will leave you in Goud Cuckooland 

We don’t have our heads in the clouds 

A Vanbrugh real value projection* would show you that 
in actual purchasing power the £36,000 in our example 
becomes a more realistic £4,800 in today's values, assuming 
average inflation of 6% p.a. 

■' '■fiiBiCTW .-TiT-av tint &vzn!i .V IifKpiL :nibfrpn>m fui. Jm Ijafiqii' -Tr-.— 
f umt rii fUwunbtTlkat mu rain 0,-rv .ji »*i i 

Finance and fantasy do not go well together: Vanbrugh, a 
member of the Prudential Group, Britain's largest investment 
institution, has a foil range of competitive, flexible pension 
plans. If you want to make realistic plans for your future, write 
to us today at Vanbrugh Pensions Limited, FREEPOST 27, 
London \V1E 5YZ :'no stamp is needed). 

Or if you prefer; telephone any time on 0M99 4923 and 
ask for Carol Clark or one of her team. Either was you will 
be under no obligation. 

i — 

| Vanbrugh Pensions Limited 



lb: Carol Clark, Vanbrugh Pensions Ltd, 
FREEPOST 27, London W1E5YZ no needed: 

1 am: Sclf-cinrke'ed A eon: pan? dirrttor Q 

Working for j zunjur.j *Ju: niit gn c tt.c j pension ■ . 

Please Mind -ne 9 copy W youf nfu - f'we 

lb or pension -the shocking nodi 

n *•** KiiATnALsruosc 


• Hornr 







We can 


Income trusts make money 

Over the years it has been shown time and again that income 
trusts make money The average capital growth, including reinvested 
income, for all UK. Equity Income Trusts during 1985 was 15.9%, 
outperforming many growth trusts. The Royal London Income & 
Growth Trust did better still with 27.7% growth over the same period 

(Sc^rze. far g>- Mjrjguver,' stittxz IsiJinuiiy I9SC. Otie r to 3*1 Me! mcenw remestst/f. 

Income without frontiers 

In the past, most income trusts had to 
invest in the UK. to obtain a satisfactory level of 
income. Changes in Corporation Tax rates now 
make it possible for income investors to obtain 
a high income from a geographically diversified 
portfolio. This coincides with a growing belief 
amongst investment advisers that the time may 
be right to arrange a wider international spread 
of investment. 


£ tp / GROSS 


Decisive investment management 

The new Royal London International Income Trust combines the 
benefits of income, growth potential and the freedom to invest 
geographically In particular it profits from the expertise of The Royal 
London Investment Team who are well known for their active and 
successful investment strategy Whilst taking advantage of worldwide 


tatty to tne 5uo after once at umts.on all audit awns received by ’1st March 19S& A Contract 
Ncte v.irc be issued immediately and a Certificate wtfin eight news. Once the may) offer has 
do sec! "mts asr. be bought or sold an any busmess day at the once then ruing, by wntmg to or 
retohonnc vrur Advaer or the Manager* Pnc esand yietdare auoied dady in the national rms. 
Payment igr unis solo & normally made vmlhm a few days of recant at the renounced 
uns certificate. 

Charges and remuneration An rmtai charge of 5 : (ecuitalent to 5': of the otter pncel is 
included m the offer wice An annuat management charge of lMotoWTl ot the value ol the trust 
we be deducted on a monthly bass f mm tbeTrusts income The Trust Deedcentamsorovtsion to 
rcreasetbsdurgelodinnjniumof? liuKisVAnahefttireemomhs notice TheManagersmay 

opportunities, the investment team wiH act decisively to lower 
exposure to any market (including the UKJ which may become 
temporarily vulnerable to economic or political factors. 
International Investment Objectives 

The Trust aims to provide a high income now with prospects of 
growth in both income and capital in the future, by investing 
internationally in equities, convertibles and fixed interest securities. 

Traded Options together with shares quoted 
tyrAnnuo on the Unlisted Securities Market the Japanese 
STARTING Over-tti e-Counter Market and the French 

n Second Marche may also be held from time to : 

time. The estimated starting yield is 6% j 
"iRflOQ gross p.a. and income will be distributed 
JlYVA/v quarterly net of basic rate tax, on 20th February 

3 A May August and November, commencing on 

?H. 20th August 1986. 

3 ways to invest at a discount 
■■■ Units are on Fixed Price Offer of 50p, less 
a 2% discount until Close of Business on 21st March 1986. ftu can 
invest by post using the coupon below by telephone through our 
Direct Dealing service or throqgh your Professional Adviser. In all 
cases the full 2% discount applies during the launch period 

Remember that the price of units, and the income from them, may 
go down as well as up. 

make rounding adjustments to txd and otter prices of not more than L25o iw umt or Pi wftcti : 
ever is the less. Remuneration e payable to qualtedlnennedai'es. rates avaUBeon reguest 
Trustee and That Deed T tie Trustee s Natnmal Vftstmrater Sank R.C. The Trust Deed contains 
provision lor the Managers to muest iq Traded Options, the TbfeyaOrtr theCourter Marketed 
the French Second MarchA subject lo the imitations laid down by the Deoartmew of Trade 
and Industry. The Trust b authorised by the Department of Trade and Industry and 6 a ■under- 
range' investment under the Trustee Investments Act 1961 

Managers The Royal London Unit Trust Managers Limited Registered m Cardiff No 1539295. 
Registered Office: Royal London House. Mrtttetoorough. Cotheslec Essex COI IRA. 

M {0206} 576115 (Oealmg only) A wholly owned subadarv of The Raya London Mutual 
Insurance Society Lmited. Member of the Umt Trust Association. 


vtnj may d you prefer, telephone your instructions 
direct to our unit trust dealing stiff on Colchester 
(OZG6) 576115 on any business day between 9 
am. and 5 pm or. during the offer penod. at 
weekends between 10 am and 3 pm 
We shall need your fair name and address 
together with details of the amount that you wish 
to invest [Minimum £500). 

If you telephone then do not complete the 
coupon. A Contract Note will be sent to you on 
the next business day giving full details of the 
purchase and requesting payment 


J Hr ThpReyai London Umt lust MaramraLfnvtod. Royal London House. Mritfetoroudk Colchester. Esso CO! IRA 
| IMeifan&Cdtitesfer (0206) 5 76115 (Deang only) 

r I i\He wish to take advantage of your Discount Offer and *west£ _ tirmmum£500| m The Royal London Wematraralhcomeeust 

I at the whalotferDnce of 50ppess2*.(tacoum tar aopfecanons received bv 21s M«hl986) 

| A ctieauemaoe payable to The Royal LcmiwUndlhid Managers Umrtea is enclosed 
• lamAVeare net less than 18 years oU. 

I (Ka>L£>T(RS*[CD 

I Surname (Ur First names [mfufl) 

0206 576115 


Spuiure Dale 

Hen ntartStfciMtf vgn jnugiv* scwnti CkmsI OnemaiMUUt luresocrtsemwllnubkc d MM 



The Royal London 







1400 ItliH 

2200 1’Jufifi' 




A 1 




W 7 





• •««ee©oco<sooooo!o(K»®»»* 

’IbuTtEBEiTEROFFWiTH An Investment 
ThatWdrks 24Hours AEto: 

lmiMin« in thr M>Hir.'>i<w'kinarkrt? it undnulitnlly imtruf the Ima 
i*aj- nf makinir wnir savings "mw. On-r lH*- last five years the l/.K. »-ln«-k- 
niurket iia- rineii 15.W and tin* Anierii-an and German markets la 
IhiT, ami 32H% iwprriively. Gmi|tanr thi> with a Building Snrirty 
dun- tfrTrmiit return of just 47% raw ihe sunr prriw! and vnii ran ny 
why more imWiim art puttin'! their money inU» stock markeL- around 
lh«* vuwrld. 

The problem furmir-t pttiple. wiielher lliry are fir-t lime iimsiio 
nr nor. i* that duvsitij; the nvsl pnimi>in« *fnrk« demand' a hiph 
decree nf -perialist knnwlnl^r and a peat deal of time. 

Fiih-iitv Mjna^eil International Trust offers ynu a way round thi» 
problem. The Trust aims m pnm ide maximum capital pnn»ih (linm^h 
an actively. roa naped pnrtfnlin «if slicks selected from ihe vvorld -. Muck 

Fidelity's managers can swiftly niuve fundv from market to market 
in order to em-ure both tile he*t (Mr«ihle return, and the minimum 
investment risk. . 

office* in all the world's major finanria] centres. \Te are therefore in 
a position in know which storkinarkela offer the most potential - and to 
make sure your money i a there, hurkinjz for you. 

Tlie performance of Manap-d lntemarional Trust hi^hiiphl? the 
sucreso of our investment philosophy: Over the past one. two and three 
years, the Trust is ranked 4th. 2nd and Ilth in its sect nr. tSnurre: 
Planned Saving. March 1*786.1 Since launch in October 1*782 the 
Trust'© offer price has risen by 163% (at 12th March i*>8b). 



Of inure, to manage, an international fund successfully lecjuiRn 
consideraliTe skills. The Trust draws upon Fidelity's strenptli* as one of the 
larpest investment luanapement pumps in the world, with investment 

In sterhnp terms. 

Don't mi-c out any Innper on the superior ppnwth uppurtunilies uf 
stiN-kmarket incestment. Tlie minimum investment fnr Managed Inter- 
nal innal Ttusj Uinily £5>H>. 

Th jiivp your investment a Itead Mart. Fidelity is currently offerinu 
a fecial 1% discount on all imn-tmenls m Managed International Trust - 
liul you miL«A reply now- to qualify. So return your completed coupon today. 

.-Ulemativelv. phone Fiiiclity'b investment advisers on Callfree 
(7800414-161. between IU.INja.rn. and l.OUp.m. on Saturdays ur between 

a.m. and 5 JO p.m. Monday to Fridav. 

You should liear in mind that the price of units and the income 
from them ran po down as well as up. 

UE^'EX AL WFORStATtiW A i-imirari n>«* fm bw jinliniNm Mf^rlirr with 4 
bmrtniewiltWvni imusluHv Im mtrtiraits win tv *ni sithlii J3iLn> 

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i* l.wb AprUiwL *nrt Vtarrhi 

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pms-nf umlsxal nf wblrti llir MnUTtswlll |i»» rvomitisi'm V.'pulrfW qrnls 
iniir-. 4vailafalr wpnci l. Th» Tru*i p«- an Hinul durr - 1- tW- S*n4trp- 

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plw- V A r ihr uJm- > J ih*- Swvt. TV annual Aur~ 1 - nmvallr 1 " pin- 
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» t r hul I hr Hanafans bnr thr rqlhl In rhanpr Ihk. silhin IV atsur ranijr. 
siHm iiipCnc n-V hs#. iluu T inunlh.' nuOrr SI >UK UnliWn- t nil* quv be—iH 
«n n ilj, 41 ikr hit i*irr ralwc: A rVpir will V tirwjntnl wiitrin T ila»» uf 
"sss]U -4 w Ti-i»«»nml rullfrjlr. 

hi thr RiemrulTimr-.(lr»Hr B.TTL.aurI Pn-ud -VtlVVi. 

Tin** 1 JulrsUr Uaiik I'LC. 

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Vs-»rMI«|rr Knrr Vtt. H uiUmV kru.TYHH TVTiu-i.-4-»Wt»«i^ 

InST" T " m -* ouiluuwH Iwivnri -f ikv 1 ml Tni.i \ — r, 3 i,. n 

M upn, (,, Nsnhrw* ufihn KrpuMir uf lirUvl. 

Tv. FI PEL m 1 YTKR'V ADl 7.Y4L Sipuiure . 

TELEIHi INE- lltWO 4l41r»l 

uvi isj-iif jtuvj tmw.innv i/j. wisT» 
Surname MR MRS MtSS 


First iuiucs . 

|M till* III* Manats'! Inlrmaluiul I ur-l 
al ibr nth pn.»r,ilin; mi mr,pi uf 

im appl* 411.41 UH.I U1I lirr Dn . Tuspir 

n*»fc- (Mialilr h. If Mil. IntmLilimui 

Maiunruuni LinulriL 

Mmnmiin imr-fuirtrt 1. ‘ «MI 



Edited by Loroa Bourke 


■ S*WCj 

UffwiiieiaW- ■ 

' te« 



Shares on the London Stock 
Exchange soared to record 
levels this week, with die 
market now showing a phe- 
nomenal 25 per cent rise 
during the past four months. 
Nearly £10.000 mOlion was 
added to. share values in 
trading on Tuesday and 
Wednesday alone. 

Can it last and what does it 
mean for unit trust investors? 

“I have thought on three 
occasions that the market was 
reaching a peak and each time 
I was wrong,” says Martyn 
Page, of Oppenheimer Fund 

' “One must be very careful, 
as there is a large speculative 
element in the market We are 
avoiding the speculative areas, 
in other words the takeover 
situations, the retailers -on 
fancy multiples and. the stocks 
rading on rumours. I am 
tempted to be wrong a fourth 
time and say that the market 
has peaked." 

John Alexander, ofTR Unit 
Trust Management, is more 
optimistic about the stock 
market He does, not usually 
thinic • in terms of markets, . 
however, rather talcing a view 
mote on individual stocks. 

“We axe not on the edge of a 
cliff at the moment Share 
certificates are still very much 
worth having and will contin- 
ue to be profitable for inves- 
tors over the next few years," 
be says.* There is still some 
good value amongst smaller to 
medium-sized stocks.” 

He thinks we are in die 
midst of “a huge re-rating of 
the market”, occurring pri- 

marily as a result of two 

“We arc in a disinflationary 
environment hence company 
-earnings and. dividends are' 
worth mote, and people are 
prepare d to rate them higher,” 
be says. 

“Moreover, the markets are 
becoming completely interna- 
lionaL with the large overseas 
institutions coming in. Merrill 
Lynch has just put out a ‘buy’ 
circular on British banks. 
There are hardly any UK 
institutions holding Jaguar 
shares - the Americans have 
them. To many overseas play- 
ers our ratings seem very 
low." ■ 

Mr Alexander does think. ' 
however, that in the short 
term we could see a normal 
retraction in- prices of around 
5 per cent and says takeover 
fever alone will not support 
the market as the rise in share 
prices will lead to corporate 
deals being shelved .when 
companies become more- ex- 
pensive to buy. 

You should also bear in 
mind that not every share 
benefits from a market boom 
and the current explosion is 
no exception. “The; marice*. is 
capable of differentiation, 
which is a' healthy sign,” hie 

has woriked wefflTfortte TR 
Special Opportunities tmir- 
trust managed by the 27-year- 
old Mr Alexander. It has risen 
by about -70 per cent during 
tne year to March 1. 

At the moment the people - 
at Merrill Lynch say they 
think their recent entry as lull 
members of the London Stock 

. Exdaange has not been in any. 
way responsibte for .the cur- 
rent boom' in UK, equities. 
Rather, they see the rise .as 
symptomatic of rising equity 
markets generally, with, the 
surges on Wall Street leading 
the way. • 

“ We have noi been a factor 
m the market as yeC says 
Dick Hilt of Memfl Lynch. 
“At the moment we are still 
bedding down and teaming 
the systems.” 

Kenneth Levy, of Vanguard 
Trust Managers, thinks the 
market is now at a levd where 
it sboukl. consolidate. 

¥ mY &. 

He says: “U has fully taken 
into account the worldwide 
fell in inter e s t rates plus a little 

33,000 bargains 
struck in a- day 

more, and taken on bomd the 
oil' price fell. It win not 
plummet. There will not be a 
majorretractionbut h might 
fen by, say, 5 per cent 
“But it could by the same 
token rise by another 10 per 
cent — it’s just that the 
fxusamentals do not warrant a 
rise in the next few months of 
the same size as the one which 
we have just bad.” 

He thinks the incursion of 
Nomura Securities and 
Merrill Lynch is merely symp- 
tomatic of a worldwide chan- 
nelling of money into 
financial assets. - 
Something rise which ts 
worth looking out for is the 
popularity 'of the traded op- 
tions market and the increas- 
ing use made of this market by 

fond managers. On yfaftt es- 
dav about 33,000 bargains 
w^c struck, j” 
options market, an alHune 
record for a angle «&s 
trading . . 

**: Mono and more fond 
msaSgers are finding oat that 
they have to uwfhe'oppwtu- 
nities offered by traded op- 
tions to keep their 
performance- up with, more 
wboalready take advantage of 
them,” says John KarslaMfc. of 
brokers Sheppards and Qttpk 

To a certain extent, there k 
still a learning process for unit 
trust managers and trustees to 
«o through before they recog- 
nize the value of irad ed o p- 
lion s, and there are certain 
things - such as sdlinrfrn 
options — which unit trusts are 
not allowed to do. ; " 

Nevertheless, somegrdtops, 
notably Save & PnwpftVlur 
already using traded options 
as pan of their overall mvjjst- 
meni strategy in their wit 
trusts. Nigel Foster, ofSafrA 
Prosper, says 2d of the 30 mih 
trusts run. by the group have 
used traded options. , ,, 

He says the performance of 
the Save & Prosper ScotshaR 
unk trusts — up 32.5 perctm, 
offer to offer, river the ytaf to 
March l - has in particular 
been boosted by use of traded 
options. ’■ ; 1 ■ 

Lawrence Levier 




! , J tTl 


i <■ iil! *■ 

~ rA#. S- ] 

W* r 

■S-V-..#. * : : - , r -• 

■W-’- ' ' 

... Vs- > f 

• Sounds a little too good to be true? 

Not when you work it out. . - 

Simply add up all the monthly repayments 
you're making now on your H.R, store Cards, 
credit cards, short term loans and so on. 

How much do they come to? ... &100 a ■ 
month?... &i50?...&200?„. > 

We can give you one simple, secured 
loan from &600-S15,000 to pay. off every- . - 
thing, including existing accounts with us. Qg 

Your special status as a S 
homeowner means we 
can offer an A P E of wamL 
20.4% (1.6% per month i^MB^ 

That's almost cotairtfy far less than you 
are payii^ on your existing commitments. r*" 
And you can spread the nepayments vM 

over a longer more comfortable period to 

suit your budget Any period from 3 to 10 i;Hj 

years. So your monthly repayments could ||| 
easily be half what thQr are now, most B 

people even find they have cash in hand H 

There is no penalty for I 

early settlement - « I 

charged only on the balance outstanding. ' ■ 


Charter! oan can be spent on anything you w 
wish, riot simply to dear your existing loans. J 
You can use it to pay for a family 
holiday, or a new car. A brand new kitchen 
or heme extension. 

If the whole loan is used for borne 
improvements you may qualify for tax refief at 
source, further redirang your monthly repayments. 


ACharterioan automatically indudes Free 
life Cover tot tiie amount you ewe. 

There is also a Gold Scheme loan. 
fiPKjP- prefened by the majority of our 

customers, which waives your monthly 
repayments in the event of sickness, 
accident and unenipkj>Tnent ( including 
W?£R redundancy) APRis 

only 25^5 (\SP» per 
. morithy Witten 
quotations available 
on request 


9 . 

standard CHARTERED hank 

- ^Chartered Trust is not Britain’s 
finance houses but is also a member of 
the Standard Chartered Group; a major British 
international bank. y 

There are no hidden extras or legal fees. 

No contacting your employer withoutyoia- 
consent No one wfil cafl unless invited Tboosh 
if 5^1 do widi to' tab to someone justrinsour 

244hxjt Hotfine’ on 0222 486622. ' 

. 'nier^noftxss.noob^tkidjustfflmtoe 
smipte appgcatkm fonn. . 

w - Date«jrctased _ •' 

SSLszzz— KSz=-' ^ 


*—-■ *" — Postcode— 

Timeatttnsatwress— - . ^ 



Emotajieri Name 

AtUr eff. 

Time *thtft« avriofen 
Soouse's Exact Qtcuwtion. 

.months tf-eank ' . • ... 

Loans' ' 

Other CifOst 

— f — - P^D^efor wi»c)iWrB‘reqa«d_ 

j£ - 

[i : 

_ £ 

Amount curt 

It ~ 

k- - 

S ; 

Signature of 

- — . Hunaifltm • 


MWaatag ■ | 






' ** & e standard 

T&nfis ' H ® Samuel 
'®*5 F “ sn £ &1 Writer of thenar 

•; ^^ M T«r^ api) ? intfal,{ ‘ WM > &* 
JLS* three winiler s and a 
ZiS?£? had done little 

for their essays, mn . 
•; ^desperately short on originality and in 
<as» were *Uiterate*id £££ 

1 °F S'®®®*. offer per 

;^w»gratwjatimis to the three winners - 

■ David Sinclair and medical student 

F ? x ' who woo first, second and 
.■jfera prizes respectively. 

was difficult to decide between 
:- t ^ n ®|^P i «ce ®nd Davids essay — both 
- te*d chosen the subject - Yoor aunt has 

iHow the 
f : banks 
*. to invest 


: ^ investor with £10,000 I 
../iepded to' get advice from 
Midland. Barclays. Lloyds 
, i7 apct National /Westminster 
•^Bank. , 

ft ?" vThe suny I told was that my 
d .father's sister had died leaving 
, three of us her house in the 
~ l N.onh which was on sale for 
£36,500. and that I thought it 
■’wduld get £35,000. which 
would be split between us. 

*jrl was quite nervous about 
■talking to the bankers, worry- 
ing that they’d have read 
; abdul the competition and 
'-’■guess what 1 was doing. Per- 
haps they wouldn’t take me 
-seriously because of my age 
‘ find sex! Almost all the people 
-fctalked io were male. 

The story grew more elabo- 
rate at each interview. Ax 
Midland Bank I got into a 
terrible muddle about the 
will’s terms. 1 hadn't realized 
that being a minor might 
mean I could not have control' 
of the money until 1 was 18 or 
even 21. As 1 {dan to go on to 
further education I was told by 
Lloyds and Barclays that this 
money might affect my grant 
1 also couldn't say when I was 
yetting the money. 

Barclays and Lloyds were 
the most helpfol. National 
Westminster was the least - 
just handing me a leaflet about 
a Special Reserve Account 
They said iff wanted to invest, 
in shares 1 could contact them 
and theywouldteHmewhatio 

Midland gave me an inter’ 
view immediately. They sug- 
gested I put half in a building 

in a slow field 

left you £10,000 — how would you invest 

- We finally; decided to give Emma the 
first prize because she had shown 
wifprality and had approached the 
subject In a workmanlike, journalistic 
fasl/oi'. She knew nothing about the 
subject bat she went and found out the 

In terms of -style, Dadd probably bad 
the «dge on Emma and be writes 
knowledgeably and readably about what 
is dearly his passion - old cars. The 
piece was~ well researched — a picture 
was indnded too. But we decided to 
award -him the second prize on the 
grounds that his recommendation was 
hot necessarily something with broad 

-Is a house a good investment?- drew 
the largest number of entrants ami was 
the subject chosen by Nick Fox, our 
third prize-winner. He was one of the 
few entrants who had done any serious 
research on house prices at all - most 
other entrants made vague statements 
about prices rising ahead of inflation 
without any statistics to back op their 
arguments. Entries were so dull that it 
was an effort to plough through them. 
However, Nick's piece was, we felt, 
competent and showed the right ap- 

Prize-winners will receive their 
cheques for £2300, £500 and £250 
donated by HiU Samuel Investment 
Services at a lunch held in the Cafe 
Royal, London, on Monday. 

•» v;‘ ‘Wgr ^- ■> 

. W r lip/-— £ 

‘I will invest the money in something, but Fm not sure what,’ says Emma Cochrane, the 
schoolgirl who won the £2300 first prize in our competition 

society and half into a unit 
trust Lloyds took down de- 
tails about the money am) 
myself and promised to tele- 
phone me when they had 
drawn up a plan for an 
investment scheme. I spoke to 
.them on Thursday and they 
said they'd ring me by Mon- 
day. They telephoned four 
hours later and I was given, an 
appointment for the next day. 

As I didn't pay tax they 
suggested I split the money 
three ways between the Post 
Office In vac Account, the 
Lloyds Trust Gilt Fund and 
another Lloyds Unit Trust All 
the information about each 
was explained carefully and 
thoroughly and suggestions 
for forme investments were 


Barclays also gave me an 
appointment for the following 
day. Their investment officer 
was the most interesting to 
talk to, and 1 had Midlands 
and Lloyds advice with which 
to compare bis ideas. 

He gave me an insight iritb 
the current and fotnre market 
photocopying information 
about all the . unit trusts, so I 
could compare them. He sug- 
gested I split my money four 
ways, £5,000 should be pul 
into 31st Issue National Sav- 

ings Certificates. £2,500 in the 
Post Office In vac Account as a 
cash reserve, £1,000 into a UK 
Growth Trust and £1,500 into 
a European Unit Trust. 

I mentioned that Lloyds 
had just set up a German 
Growth Trust and he said 
Barclays had launched a simi- 
lar one and other banks would 
probably follow suit. Germa- 
ny is apparently a good market 
to invest in at the moment, 
exchange rates would proba- 
bly make UK and Japanese 
investments less successful 

I enjoyed all 
the research 

Something I hadn’t realized 
was that each trust is usually 
beaded by one man or a group 
of men. Therefore the trust 
can only be as good as the 
brains behind it If the invest- 
ment manager does particu- 
larly well he is likely to be 
poached by another trust 
Unfortunately I did not have 
access to information about 
who . was controlling the trusts 
so the way I derided to invest 
couldn’t be dependent on that 

It was a difficult decision, 
but after ruling out accounts 
-taxed at source I decided that 
£2300 would be put in Na- 
tional Savings Certificates 

which would then be "safe" 
for five years. I would have 
£1,000 as a cash reserve in the 
Invac account with £3,000 in 
the Lioydis trust Gold fond 
and £1,500 in Lloyds Smaller 
Companies and Recovery 
Unit Trust 

This is more risky as it 
works on the principle ofj 
buying shares at a low price 
and hoping that the share 
price will rise. 1 chose Lloyds 
as it had shown a growth rate 
well above average for vary 
periods of years. The final 
£1,500 would be invested in a 
European unit trust possibly a 
German growth trust as the 
market seems so good at the 
moment I would have to wait 
to deride on which as this is-[ 
quite a new venture. 

I thoroughly enjoyed doing 
my research. 1 found out many 
things about investments and 
information that could be 
available to me if I looked. 
When I shook hands and left 
the last bank I had convinced 
myselfl had this money. Then 
I realized, with a lot of regret 
that I'd never see the results of 
my planned investments — 
not yet anyway! 

Emma Cochrane 

• Runners up. pages 32,33 




ON £10.000 OR MORE 


Invest in a Cheltenham Gold Account and we'll 
ensure that your money will always be working at its 

We calculate the interest onyour account day by day. 
Soyourwhole mvestmentautomatically earns the best 
rate according to the amount you have invested. 

And no matter how much you invest you can pay in 
or withdraw as you wish, without giving notice or 
incurring any penalties whatsoever. 


If you wish you can have your interest paid monthly. 
In a Cheltenham Gold Monthly Interest Arxount 
amounts of S 10,000 or more earn 934% net 9.75% 
Compounded Annual Rate* and on £5,000 or more, 

9.1 1% net 930% Compounded Annual Rate* still with 
no strings. 

You can also have the added convenience of running 
your account from the comfort of your own home or 
office, post free, with our Gold By Post service. All of 
which makes Cheltenham Gold an automatic 
choice. Invest in Cheltenham Gold today. 





ON £500 OR MORE 


| To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society. 

| POBax 124. FREEPOST, Cheltenham, GlosGL531BR. 

I I/We enclose £_ to open a Goki By Pt^ Account 

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i □ Please send more details. block capitals 

| Full Namefs) Mr/Mrs/Miss 

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UEF OFFICE- CHELltjvtA. Societies Association and Investors’ Protection Scheme. Assets exceed S2SXJ0 million. 
ItfsrJxrofllwBui. fig grancitesthrou^xjuttheUKSeeYfeJ low Pages. 

•^WrtSilK^annuflJK.avremra^ whfctmaywry. ^tieninlwe«aiWriloaccouflt 


Willyou turn £500 of penny shares into 
£1,000 in just six weeks? 


As wpve already explained, we believe it is sail 
reaulariy pouiiblc- to double your money in as little as 
six Reeks by wading in penny shares. 

In order » prove it wp will enter your name in 
our next Free Prize Draw which takes place on 

At 9am on Friday 
11 th August 19*6. well prove, 
conclusively, (bat it is soil passible to double your 
moneyinjist six weeks by investing in penny shares. ' 


Stocknurfcot Confidential Ire SMC for short ) is a 
rather inauspicious loolonp new* sheet which is sent, 
by first claw, post every Wednesday evening 

Despite its innocuous appearance it is eweriy 
read on Thursday morning by a handful of Investors 
up and down the enunuy 

Some of these inre&ors will be professional stock' 
brokers, heads of industry and other leading financial 
expert*. Between them they may control, literally, 
millions of pounds. 

Others will be small et private investors 

sometimes with as little as £500 » £1 .000 with 
which to speculate. 

Buiwhai every reader of Stockmarket 
Confidential has in common is the drain; t» discover 
what is likely to happen an the suck market that 
coming week. 

Bluntly, they want u know which shareware 
going to go up. and which shares are going to come 
down. And they want u know why. 


Theonly way tnmakemoney on thestndt market 
is to have reliable advice and the ability to more fast, 
before the «wd sets around and prices rocket. 

In StiK-kmarket Confidential we make buying 
and Belli rig recommendations. offer sound investment 
analysis and. roost important ofalL suggest one w 
more “Hni Tips' for the week. 

Each Wednesday evening. vou will be sent by 1st 
class mail vour latest issue of SMC. If you don’t acton 
our “Hot Tips’ quickly you may miss, the boat - other 
SMC subscribers will have already pushed prices up. 

You 1 11 discover that very often the best invest- 
ments are the “penny shares'. ..Rentes for instance, 
which rocketed frixnl5p to filp... Ryan Hotels from 
8p to2Sp Hollis Bros, from 9p lo77p. .. just three 
examples fronts longliatoT recently success? ul~pemiy 


Each week the editor of SMC choirs a private 
meeting of the SMC Board of Advisor* Together these 
financial specialists pool information, validate sources, 
and discuss the latest City whispers. At the end of the 
meeting they will hare chosen the three hottest tips 
and derided whether or run to sdl shares previously 

We guarantee that none of these tips will be 
leaked by the -SMC Editorial Board, or published, 
except in SMC. 



Ifli ill very w*U knowing whii u> buy 

ihe real , 

secret Is knowing what u> scU, This is our full 

•*elT record stow the 4th December 1385. 





Jvws Haistflfid 




Moss Bra. 








Brilisb Benzol 



+ 148% 





L nigroiip 








Albion Ltd. . 




David Dixon Group 

91 P 


f BOS 





Merer International 




Coats Rs tons 








Thomson T-Line 




l*c Cooper Croup 








SouLhend Slacbum 



+17 50% 

"All pnrmiuicr tfiftna illm fTikaltninwi 

30th June 1986, all you need to do is complete and 
return the coupon below. Ifyou win. you'll receive £500 
to spend or inrestas you please. We'd suggest that 
you invest n in any on v of our" Hot Tips* for that week. 
Because if you do. and your £500 of shares aren't 
worth £1.000 by Uth August 1966. we'll make up the 
difference in cash. 

That's right, we're so confident that our advice 
is sound we believe that £500 will be worth £1,090 
in just six weeks! 

Everyone is wcte ime lo enter this Free Prize 
Draw. No purchase i«. necessary Afull list offtee Prize 
Draw winners and full rules are available on receipt 
of Sva.e. Winners' names are published in SMC. 


PI CM- -Milt lO. 


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Free 800 page 
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Comprehensive information on each 
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performance record I 
gives you instant 
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money until you're convinced that you will make a 
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So if you return the cnrajrfeted delayed action 
standing order below we'll rush you the peat wa ittnea 
of SMC absolutely free This wqyyoucan profit from 
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no cost to yourself. 

lf>ou decide nni ip continue with KMC, then just 
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SAVE £481 

In addition u> six free iasuea you can also receive 
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for just £96. a saving of one thud on the full annual 
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I— toihHwwlal r«rnn — I'^ff'-n i"Tii Um—rluiw. 
Lundoa IVLN 7TD ReftMfvdNa 7362491 


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BANKER'S ORDER Wra.-* pa> inihe order of Stonrhart 
Publication- Ltd i Stodunarket ConfhfrnnsD.Acc 00.91064336 at 
Midland Ban k fV . Knirhufendgi- « i <U (0. the sum of £96 00. 
nun of £ M4.00 voch yv*r on the onnnvrwry of th* date thorn 
hem* my membership lo Siodunoriu-i Confidential and debit 
n-yfour account acrorchocly mini counierroandrd by aw in vnting 

When oil prices fall, 
guess wnat rises? 

Oil prices hare dropped dramatically from $31 a 
barrel at the beginning of December to currently under 
$15. And the economy that stands to gain more than 
most from this is that of Japan. In fact, it is estimated 
that cheaper oil alone could add 1% to Japan's GNP 
during 1986. 

undervalued asset situations, takeover possibilities 
and new issues. 

Henderson has been managing investments 
internationally for over 50 years. Today we have over 
£3,500 million under management, of which £450 
million is invested in the Far East 



In addition to falling oil prices, two other 
blessings have led experts to dub Japan theTripIeMerit 

One is a risingcurTency. Recently; the Yen has even 
strengthened against the mighty Deutschmark and the 
Swiss Franc, as well as the Pound Sterling. 

And secondly, falling interest rates. The official 
interest rate is down froni 5% to just 4%. As for 
inflation, not only is it below 2% now - but recent fore- 
casts see it falling to nothing, and dien carrying on to 
become ‘negative inflation; with prices falling 

The result of all this is a booming Japanese home 
market which is now growing faster than Japanese 
exports and already consumes 85% of all goods manu- 
factured in Japan. 

The Henderson Japan Special Situations Trust is 
designed for investors who are able to take a long- 
term view. 

Since its launch, the Trust has shown an increase 
of 135.4%, and has already risen by 16.9% since the 
beginning of the year (on an offer to bid basis with net 
income reinvested). 



Of the 25 top performing unit trusts since 
1st January 1986, no fewer than 9 invest in Japan 
(Source: Planned Savings. 1/3/86.). Henderson Japan 
Special Situations Trust is, of course, one of these; and 
itis ideally placed to offer above average capital growth. 

Today all the signs are that a new wave of interest 
is under way and that professionally managed money 
is moving back into Japan. So now is the time to invest 

To invest now in the Henderson Japan Special 
Situations Trust at the fixed offer price of 12Silp. 
simply complete the application form bdowand return 
it together with your cheque, either direct or through 
your professional adviser to arrive not later than 
Tuesday 25th March 1986. 

You should remember that the price of units and 
the income from them can go down as well as up, and 
you should regard any investment as long term. 



The Henderson Japan Special Situations Trust 
which was launched in January 1983. is already a sub- 
stantial trust worth nearly £50 million. 

The Trust is founded on our in-depth knowledge 
of the Japanese economy. We use our knowledge to 
concentrate the Trust's holdings in companies supply- 
ing foe expanding Japanese home market as well as in 

-Shnaldthr anil nll.r price mm u 
bi more itan 2*2* ^ during thrfixi-d 

price period I hr nllwmll be rlosrd 
and oml-s «i ]1 be oDncaied ai i be price 
ratine mi receipt o( application. 

An initial i harp- nt S> » • ih.- 

as>n- ■i-ounalrai ul S .•ulifu i..m- 

pn,.'>i- madr hi ihr irurue. r- when 
unit- •ren.sui-d. Out ui ihr initial 
. hjrit . hmiui;, r~ pu> T'-munaTaliiin ir. 
qujlurr-d inttTDii-rtianr*. ratn>dv jilabi,’ 
•■n r.'uu—L 

Anamiual diawufl'r • iplu- 
V-\T • "D the idlin' at i!i« Tni.t »ili Sr 
d-dini.-rf irom ihi-crt— mrimi, 10 
i hi it Jdimni.iralKin iwh 

I M,| nhttmn* uifeniH mil b, paid 
m l-lh N.n.nilvrraihvi-ar Th- 
. urr, ill «-i:mai.() annual i Held i- 

'"■l - - 1 1 

C<Hiira>'i naK »i|I be I'Miitl and 
umit'criil Hal,-. Mill br pr.nidrdi.'itbin 

•Trill wn-Vs ui panHrfii To wfl umls 

,-mlnrsr j mir i>riiti('atr and send it to 
ih> manaRTTv paimrni ba-rd on ihr 
rutinehid pnir uill nonnall) be made 
within 7 HnrkinR diys 

t'nir Trust- are nw <ub*ccl to 

racial )3insu,.(ii»rriort.jciiii h,4drr 

• ill mrf pa> thi* tax rm a d<>pf»al „i 
units unless hi - tnial irulr-rd x-jinx from 
all—turri-- in ihr ia» • -arari'Ujni ■» 

niurrihani.\*UHii]u.x.4 hi Prii'r^and 
xhids .-an b, Inund daily in Ihr Financial 


Trusii is. Midland Rank TrnM Ltd. 
11“ Old hinad sirwL London E.C^> 1AQ 
Manacnv H-tuk-r-nn 1'nii Trust 
Maiup-mrfli 1 .t»L Jo Fia-buri niu» . 

I nnnmih'Jl 1114 lKi-C*t'Trd< ism-.'l 
Kivi'iniHin Nunibrt. ? fr-uland 

.1 member a( the 1'iiic Trust 



Tk Henderson Unit Trust Management Ltd Dealing Department. 
5. Rayleigh Road. Hutton, Brentwood. Essex. CM13 1AA. 
Tdephone: 01-638 5757. 

I/AVewlsh to invest £ (minimum I'fiTO) in the Henderson 

Japan Special Situations Trust at the fixed price uf l^^p* per unit 
and endose a remittance payable to Henderson Unit Trust Manage, 
ment Ltd If you wish to have net income re-invested pk-a>e lick _i 

ThisofferwiIlcloseat5^0pjannTui*sday.March2. : >ih]3.h«.AtU'rth«‘ 
dose of this offec units will be available at the daily mailed price. 

I f you would like lunfar inform- 
ation about the Share Exchange 
Service, please lick □ 

Mr/MrsMisy Tiiif 
Fon-nana < i in lull > 

Joint applicants must sign and 
attach full naim.'f and addresses 



Signature) --I 

I IU- «'» : : Vl-M'i A'. Ml iM 1 Mjty 


lit! ‘tvi I.! it. ■i* i-ft.’.n:* 

Henderson.The Investment Managers. 



Unit Trust 

choice simplified 

With over eight hundred unit trusts available and more being launched. each month, how do you 
know which to choose? In reality there are only three basic types of unit trust and M&G has an out- 
standingly successful example of each: Recovery Fund for capital growth, Dividend Fund for 
income, and SECOND General for a balance 

between income and growth. 

You should remember that new funds or 
funds which suffer a change of management 
are likely to be more of a gamble than those 
which can point to a long and successful record. 
M&G's Investment team has remained largely 
unchanged for many years, and our long-term 


If you need income which will grow over the years M&G Dividend Fund 
could be your ideal investment The Fund invests in a wide range of 
ordinary shares and aims to provide above average and increasing 
mcomeand a yield about 50% higher than theF.T. Actuaries ADShare bidet. 

1 *T- T # fr) 1 1 1 b 1 1 r*: J i r>:«) ii I i 

ance cannot be a guarantee for the future, but it 
is usually the best measure you have of a fund's 
likelihood of achieving its objective. 

We are offering an extra 1% unit allocation if 
you invest £1,000 or more and 2% if you invest 
£10,000 or more per Fund. 

The price of units and the income from them 
may go down as well as up. This means that unit 
trusts are a long-term investment and not suit- 
able for money you may need at short notice. 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TAB L£. £10 000 invested m Income units at the 
la jncti ‘jl MSG Dividend Fund on 6th Ma* ]%4. compared twin a yrmar 
in a BuiWng Society 

Year ended 







Growth ■ N 1 

M&G Recovery Fund is probably the most successful unit trust ever 
launched and the table below shows just how well it hasachieved its aim 
of capital growth. The Fund buys the shares of companies which have 
fallen on hard times. Losses must be expected when a company fails to 
recover but the effect of a tumround can be dramatic. 

M&G SECOND General Trust Fund aims for consistent growth of both 
capital and income and has a 29-year performance record which is 
second to none It has a wide spread of shares mainly in British 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABUE-Vaiue o* £10 000 at the launch 

of M&G Recovery Func on 23*a Md* 1969. v»nh n« income *eru£Mecl 

COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE TABLE. Vaf ueol £10.000 invested atthe 
launch 01 M&G SECOND General on Slh June. 1956. withnet income remvesled 

Year ended M&G FT GROiN API PETin 6LHLW*G 

£10000 £ 10.000 £ 10.000 £ 10.000 

11.760 8,570 11.020 11.058 

26400 11.121 21283 16J.78 

10Z560 1 7287 40.175 25.521 

270000 49.474 55248 40J.68 

5 June ’56 

























NOTES Ai figures mJiide leeivested income net « nasc raie 

The Buteng Society hgures are ftased on ar. eitia-misest oJfenny 1> r» 

above Hie average yearly rale [source BuiWmg Societies Assonji. an i 

M&G Recovery tigures are at leahsa von values 

NOTES AH injures include remvesed income net of baac-rafe tax 
T he Buddmg Society ligure an? based on an extra interest account off emg lift 
above the aver age yearly rate (source Budding Societies Association). 

M&G SECOND General figures areal! reahsauon values 

FURTHER INFORMATION On 12th March 1988 offered 
pnces and esomated gross arrert yields were 

Income Accumulation Yield 
Recovery Fund 342 lp 43&6p 3 03% 

Dividend Fund 405 9p 1172 5p 4 91% 

SECOND General 690-6p 1347 4p 3 59% 

Pnces and yields appear daily m Die Financial Tones. The 
d We t e nce between the 'offeree pnce (at wtvch you buy units) 
and the W once {at which you sett) is normalty 6 s * An aiitul 
charge of 5% s mtfwted m the ottered price and an annual 
charge of up to l%cf each Fund* value- currently plus 

WT s deducted from gross income. Income for Acamdatrai 
umts is reinvested to increase then- value and tor Income units it 
s'dtsmbtdBd net of base-rate Mr on the following dates: 

Recovery Dividend SECOND 


AD appfcations received by 5th April. 1986 will be given an extra 1% allocation of units. 
This wtB increase to 2% for appieations of £10400 or more per Fund. 

Please invest the sum(s) indicated below m the Fundls) of my choice (minimum investment 
in each Fund: £L000) in ACCUMUIATION/MCOME umts (delete as applicable or 
Accumulation umts will be issued far Recovery and SECOND and income umts wit) be issued far 
Dividend) at the pnce ruling on receipt of this application. DO NOT SEND ANY money. 

a coptraci note nWI be sem tc you staling > — R — — 

exaaVhcwniuchyouoiwjridttievefliement I02S 

exaaV how much you owe jndthe sen lement 
date YOurcertificaTevniiidkwsriofily 

Tbu can buy or seif units on any busmess day. Contracts for 
purchase or sale will be due for seWement two to three weeks 
later. Remunerabon spayabte to accredited agents; rates are 
available on reguest The Trusteefor Dividend and Recovery is 
Bar-days Bank Trust Co. Lantted ami for SECOND (SUoychB^ik 
Ft The Funds are afl wder-rawe investments and are 
aulhonsed by the Secretary d Stateror Trade and Industry. 

M&G Securities Limited, Three Qwqfs,Tower H3L 
London EC3R68Q. Tel; 01-626 4588. 

Member of the uw Trust Association. 



£ -00 


•y.*i n.xxh 

£ 00 


TC 4811 16 


If you had chosen fifteen years ago to 
save £20 a month in a bu&fing society, 
aid had left the interest to accumulate, 
by 1st January 1986 your total outlay of 
£3,600 woidd have built up to £7492. On 
the other hand, if you had chosen to save 

the same amount each month in one of 
our larger unit trusts. M&G SECOND 
GeneraTTrust Fund, you would have built 
up an investment worth £16,376, an 
extra £9484. 

You can start an M&G Unit Trust 
Savings Plan wife as fitde as £20. You need 
not subscribe regularly but we strongly 
recommend that you cfo so, by compl&ing 
the Bankers Order form. By saving a 
regular amount you make fluctuations in 
the stock ma r fc et work to your advantage 
because more urats are bought when their 
price is low than when it is high. 

Unit Trusts are an excellent method 
of investing in the various stockmarkets 
of the worn, and are Weal far regular in- 
vestment over the longer term. They are 
not suitable for money you may need at 
short notice. 

The price of units and the income 
from them may go down as wefl as up. 


Your Savings Plan subscriptions go mto 
Accumulation units of the Fund you choose 
and income is reinvested automatically after 
basic-rate tax Further details of the Funds and 


A MONTH BY 1st JAN. 1986 

FT. Industrial [ 

Ordinary Index 2.199 6^80 12,754 

Bidding Society 

Savings Account 1,487 3.823 7;192 

the Rules of the Plan are aueteble on request 
A0 the Funds are wader-range mveaments and 
are authorised by the Secretary of Sate tor 
Trade and Industry 

The oriy chages are those you normaly 
pay wth unit trusts -5% included in the initial 
price of units and up to 1% anally (currently 
limited to V«% except for International Income 
Fuid which is 1%) for management There am 
no extra charges for this Savings Flan. 

You can vary Hie amount you pay and 
you are free to cash in your accumulated invest- 
ment, or part of it at any time witfiout penalty 

The securities in a unit trust are held in 
safe custody by the Trustee (one of the major 
banks). You can follow the progress of your 
plan by looking up the pnce of units and the 
current yield in the Financial Times or other 
leading newspapers. You buy units at the 
'offer' price and sell at the 'buf price 

Source: Planned Savings. 

All performance figures include income rein- 
vested net of base-rate tax. The figures for the 
M&G Funds are 'btd' pnces You should 
remember that past performance s no guarantee 
for the future 

The minimum age for the Unit Trust Savings 

flan is 14, but accounts for younger children 
can be opened in the name of an adult and 
designated with the ehikTs fufi name. 

T»*KW*S '«Nl LOSKfclCJPseC 'Cl OIbK-IMU IW-wc L*. l Kal i ^.hx.Elt I 




£ GO 

each month to the M&G Unit Trust Savings Han 
and I enclose a cheque (made payable to M&G 
Securities Limited) for my first subscription of 
“ “ (you may wish to start yot» 

pian with a lump sum). 

I wish my subscriptions to be Invested in the 
Fund carded. 

H no Fund sarded your plan wifl 
be hiked to M&G SECOND. 













The anus vnO be registered tn the name of M&G 
rules offhe oten tithe Savings Plan account is being 


name c/ihe child 

ss. m-m-m ^ 

See yfW cheque 
book to MBS 

Nlgiai^lol tt no»i«ll fc« tBiBiwft»fWPLC.Mlllfl«idVwShvrtCtefff M > fl rdeilBOU^ 
Accowt No. 55713270m mcrBUorMUSaariteLjauait |S«ftG5PlAN ACCOST). ouot»« 

(nrmim£2ffl ana tnatlcannrisemylialii^anaiiy bosness 

HwwW 1 Z 

naval— m 

nwnHi/4uner uni nmer on» n wnuig tram me. ana aem m» acaxjm «dti yn Iram me w time <wn suen Mjnwms 

■/!•!> J*. JDCW* 

Tfhj * ngj rCS^aOTS 

Cl Qf 



This is the car in 
a £million class 


On Monday. December 9, 
history was made. A Buga to 
Type 55 was sold for £400,000 
•— the highest price paid for a 
car at a European auction. 

The agent who purchased it 
did not seem anxious about 
the scale of his last bid, for he 
knew that in clinching the 
purchase he had: acquired for 
his principal not only one of 
the most exotic vintage cars 
still in existence, but had also 
bought for him a “blue-chip” 
investment The car is predict- 
ed to be worth £l million 
within two years. 

Whenever classic cars are 
mentioned people tend to 
think of “old erodes” travel- 

What sort of profits may be 
ex pec led? Il is dear from 
reading through advertise- 
ments covering the last 10 
years that certain cars are 
more popular with the collec- 
tor than others. 

Preferably they will have a 
sporting history or heritage: 
The drop-head versions of 
certain models are far more, 
popular than the fixed-head 
variety. Sports cars from the 
Sixties are now becoming 
collectable since the -carS- 
which were childhood dreams 
are now affordable, to those 
who were ndsed in. that era. - 

The table shows how some 
models have leapt in value 
over the past 10 years. The . 
prices quoted are from con- 

*It is an interest 
in chssk cars’, I 

UlIgMtVU VU u Wli# ■■■ J 

morning in November. How- 
ever, these are the earliest of 
the collectable range of cars 
which qian a century of 
motoring. Such cars are 
bought not only for their 
classic appeal, but also as 
tangible assets which in most 
cases wil] appreciate in value- 
ahead of nutation. 

The main reason for invest- 
ing in a classic car is tha^its 
sale is exempt from Capital 
Gains Tax. Combined with 
the practicality and enjoyment 
to be had from such owner- 
ship, its advantages over other 
objetsd'ort soon become dear. 

There are drawbacks, how- 
ever, such as the need to 
gpragff your car if you are to 
keep it In tip-top condition. If 
used often it will require 
maintenance and, like other 
cars, it must be insured and 
the road tax must be paid, 
though with regard to the 
former, there are special 
“agreed value” policies which 
lake into account the feet that 
a vintage car is more than just 
an “okl banger” and take note 
that classics cover a below 
average annual mileage. 

How do you buy a classic? 
The first 'thing to do is' to: 
distinguish between cars . 
which are better bought in 
mint condition and others 
where a restoration makes 
economic sense. In the case of 
the former a full ground-up 
rebuild may cost more than 
the actual valiM of the car. Ifa 
part-restoration at least is to 
be carried out, the popularity 
of the car and consequently 
the .availability of spares must 
be considered. : A Jaguar E- 
Type, for example, being a 
popular car. is well catered for 
by specialist dealers. 

tiff: ! 

But the £58fr ^a money 

studies: k I am a final year law student at theF^yteeW# 
T imritm W I want to do a masters at ut Loe 

it must be appreciated that 
while the dte-bard enthusiast 
may , prefer earlier pre-war 
"moods, the post-war classics 
are fer easier to drive and 
main tain. The classics are also 
fer more practical if the car is 
to be used every day rather 
than sunny weekends, 

' Next, a practical idea is to 
join the dub which caters for 
the model in contemplation. 
So tig is the classic car. 

ERoveraeni today that nearly 
ever* make of car h» a 
corresponding club. The 
members are often willing to 
offer help to the fttt-wne 
buyer, such as advising .on 
insurance premiums negotiat- 
ed with a broker by the dub. 






AC Cobra . 
Bentley (4% Kre} 
Bugatb T35B. • 

Jaguar E-type 
Mercedes 3GCSI. (Roadster) 

Mercedes 3GCK5L (Roa 
MG MG- A Twin-Cam 
Ferrari Daytona 
VW Beetle Convertible 
Austin 7 saloon (1930) 



5 £00 



Finally, look at which 
classics represent a good in- 
vesuneni for £i0,00u. In the 
pre-war (vratage) category, 
AJvis, Daimler and MG are a 
few of the marques which 
experts predict are set to rise 
substantially. Tn the post-war 
(classic) category. Jaguar 
Jensens, Austin- Healeys and 
Triumph TRs look set to 
appreciate in value However, 
the list is endless since the cars 
produced today will One day 
become classics themselves. 
Who can tell - the car you 
drive to work tomorrow^ may 
one day turn upatChrisue's- 
which is were we came 

David Sinclair 



__ I 1 . „ii; 

_ . JsflT 




Suddenly; investing in the world's stock markets is as simple as 
saving with your Building Society 

The •privatisation 4 of British Telecom threw open the doors of 
the Stock Exchange to ordinary people. ‘Direct investment 1 m stocks and 
shares demands an expertise beyond the scope of many private 

Yet Building Society returns are beginning to look quite dull by 
comparison. ...” 

£1 MIX mw^nlmiliT finer oT\lN>«lBMl.('nMTnr4^nrr^ «id VO <rJr, 
m.l Math NPli.ulwdMImnffrfln MfcaMHti nr, mtwnr Kin man! 
ThrBtaUaftSuCKn 4unrjcn>anC«B» Momruth. mur^iami of an 
rnnnnl of fl HW 
m*r ant*- pmad. 







This explains the success of Unit Trusts - professionally 
managed funds, ^ with theriskspreadoverbk»cksofinvestments.Butwth 
over 800 Unit Trusts on offer; Midland Bank saw a need for an even 
simpler route into the Stock Market. 

Midland Managed Portfolio isjust this -an investment as simple 
and streamlined as your old building sodetv account, yet with the 
prospect ofthe kind ofgrowth usually associated with stocks and shares. 

ARefmqwrmmtheArtofWoridStockmarkiet — _ ' — 

. Investment . iNTROi 

At any given time your Midland Managed _ 

Portfolio will be spread across the . world's I LJL 

stockmarkets m not less than four Midland Bank .1 I It l 

Unit Trusts. The objective is capital growth and 
rising income and fee income earned bv the RAII J| 

underlying investments will be automatically ■ lll^l 

teinvesteatio further boost the value of yoursavines- 



Htwvto Invest J 

Tefephows.our dealer on«742 TW42. or w»d u> the application fomfWrlb 
ClvdMtUfe or NSShtrtt hSi 

General Iofortnarkm " 

*5? ‘j 1 '"’ '^75? “**’ 1 

n -T ^^L*^,L.ra» n n 


nil • TF* rfwL-h fh r TWIfcrf 




income from them, can go down as well as up. 

You should be prepared to regard your 
Midland. Managed Portfolio as a medium term 
investment of two years or more. 

«t Ac Unk Tim AmbSmmk 

WtpKcrqfpffiar^ nfertuutm.* 


To: Midfartd Bank Group Cnit Trust .\bMgcn: Limited. Freepqw.Shdrwfd SI lAr.Tcfcphonc flaig Enqwriwtir^jtWWEM **j* 

I tW snekM clnqur / -"T" frtrnutwmin 1 m Midland Uai^enl'f’rntfuJm jcfurBul^onunR-. j*i 1^ rmnii.ji:. ‘ ■ 

N*iMr io *ni ('* ** I. *• — ul rKMpi in jftplictnnn An ,| wwn,p C (n, 0 llH 4 njn. 27Mdreh Ito. ihtruhmitw rtb 

(Th».offrrit. mx jiilWikio mjdrtL'Cf ihi RrpaMK.iriitUnd ) " I** 4 ***.' Il * , * 

Sunumt-fMr Mis \|» M*» 

)wm jpplx iff - 'iliKiili! 4II 4tn and mriiHk Jriiii^'4 4 npirfe Jwh 

flrrt- H i h&m. mi W. v 

s^M — MidlandBankUnit Trusts ~ 







Given that buying a house is 
•55554* ^8Bwl investment you are 
.* * likely to make, and that it will 
almost certainly involve your 
; largest loan, 1 — is it wise to buy? 

>;;;Most people seem to think so. 
* The proportion of people 
^ owning their own homes has 
Vv - V r ^ cn steadily since the war (29 
•r '.••• percent in 1950 to 55 percent 

.T But so have prices. Over the 
last 15 years house prices have 
. •• increased seven fold, whereas 
•ru tile retail price index showed 
only a five-fold increase. 

* Last year was no exception. 

V««i*ThejBverage price increase for 

iThtavdrage price 
houses across the 
^percept. Howev 
^societies wan offi 
«per cent (after u 
J and while booses 
^ appreciated tt 
. fact been oui-pe 
the FT All-share 
the Iasi 10 yeare .1 

■- A house starts 

.better invesin 
consider that 

e UK was 7.5 
vet building 
fenng 9 to 10 
lax) last year 
shave steadi- 
ijey have in 
^formed by 
y index over 

ts to look a 
it when you 



i * V \ 

\ \ L 


■■“If;# you can barrow cheap to 
;*'■/ buy (through mongage inier- 
•£„;esi relief) 1 

. ;o-#it can be lived in while it 
....appreciates (unlike shares). 

"**. ' You are eligible for mortage 
.interest relief on loans up to 
““ "£30,000 of me purchase price. 
j 1 • ~ Married coaples have to share 
T •' " this relief After deduction of 
basic rate -jax relief at 30 per 
< cent, the effective interest rate 
becomes i. 9 per cent on a 
-.V mortgage /rale of 12.75 per 
cent. Theielief is even greater 
S ’. ‘if you pat tax at a higher rate. 

The dividends that a house 
. ’""pays are/lhe savings on rent 
The average owner occupier’s 
Tinitial nJongage payments ap- 
■- ' -proximate to the rental he or 
she would have to pay for an 

*1 have jnst bought a boose with three friends and I thought I 
might look into the subject,' says Nick Fox, a 24-year-old 
medical student at St Thomas's Hospital, London. ‘I wrote 
off to the building societies and asked for all their 

information and I analysed it brtit was difficulfto know 
what to leave out’ Like David Sinclair, the second runner- 
up, Nick will use his prize money iff £250 to subsidize his 
stndies. 1 don't get a grant, so the money will be very useful,' 

The avi 
7 initial 1 
■ -proxim 
she wo’ 
; eq nival 
est rate 


costs bl 
more t 

dpt property. Mortgage 
:ots fluctuate with inter- 
ds, whereas the cost of 
1 like the price of 
js, only increases. 
It this must be set the 
)f rates, usually 7 per 
- less of the bouse value, 
predictable since rate 

capping, and j maintenance 
(alsojabout 1 percent). 

Y<jur buying and selling 
costs, each abdjt 3 percent of 
t he nouse vjpue, would be 
covered in two years. The 
■ return on ysur investment 
- depends on toe amount in- 
; ^vested. | 

, 7“ , The minimum required is 
, _ ^usually around 8 per cent of 
••' the [house vffue (a 5 per cent 
5 , . deposit plus buying costs of 3 
;■ ,,/per cent though it is possible 
v f • to borrow 100 per cent of the 

house price. However the 
average amount borrowed by 
house buyers across the UK is 
only 70 per cent of the bouse 
price which means a smaller 
percentage return on the sum 

You achieve your greatest 
return by taking out the largest 
mortgage possible (up to 
£30.000) for the longest possi- 
ble period. 

In 1985 prices of houses in 
the Greater London area in- 
creased by 11.6 per cent, the 
South East by 1 1 per cent and 
East Anglia by 10.7 per cent 
However, prices remained vir- 
tually static over the same 
period in the West Midlands, 
the North and North West 
regions of England, Scotland, 
Wales and Northern Ireland - 
ail with rises of less than 2 per 

Over the last 10 years the 
same partem emerges, reflect- 
ing the economic activity in 
these regions and a general 
shift in wealth. It is likely that 
London, the South and the 
East will continue to be the 
best bets for house buying. 

Select carefully the location 
of the house; don't buy a 
house which will have a 
motorway or Channel tunnel 
running through the front 

Explanations for expatriates 

u ^rr s ‘ - »* packa *t MTin F r* 

Clearly yon are ^oingto investment schemes for for- sbonninp hnnrc -JJ™” 

need professional advice. The eign income and ways of niodationf^Knnrtana^!^ 
latest organization to set np in meeting financial commit- other asnects nffomi 

mSSin the UK during the 

which 'has just in trod need a period of absence. 

new expatriate advisory ser- “ There is also a special 

initial interview is also free. 



1 1 1 IlVl 

Gilts now offer a return of about 10% a year— 416% higher than the 
rate of inflation! 

Unlike Building Society Investments where the interest rate is likely to go down 
when interest rates fall Gilts lor Government Securities! keep the same return. 
Whafc more, when Interest rates fell the CAPITAL VALUE OF GILTS INCREASES. 

/Etna's new GILT-EDGED BOND offers the 


(i.e no bidoffer spread] 

ah Huge cost savings over Direct 

Investment I 

% Regu lar Income Faci lity 

& Investments unconditionally 
guaranteed by the Government. 


* Management by Phillips & 
Drew -voted top for gilt research 
by 'institutional Investor' poll. 

3; Devised by /Etna, the UK. arm of 
one of the world's largest 
insurance companies. 

£tna Life Insurance Company ud. 401 Si lohn Street London EC1 4QE Reg Na 1766220 

Please completeand send rhecoupon in an envelope addressed to. 

/Etna Life InsuranceCompany Ltd FREEPOST London EC1 B I NA 
or phoneourCustomer Care Centre on FREEFONE 7ETNA' 

Please send me my FREE Guide to Gilts and details at r he /Etna GILT-EDGED BOND to: 

Ifc jj* 

garden in two years' time. To 
this end, ask to see the local 
council building plans and 
building applications. 

It is crucially important that 
you buy a bouse that is 
structurally sound. Get the 
house properly surveyed be- 
fore you buy it and you should 
always find out how much it 
will cost to correct all prob- 

Most important, is that you 
like the house you buy. If you 
don't, the benefits of security 
of tenure and the freedom to 
alter and improve your home 
are outweighed by a loss of 

After a year of frustrated 
searching I must add that 
buying a house involves a 
major investment of time, 
energy and commitment. De- 
spite this we are delighted to 
be in our new house and feel 
confident that the reasons that 
led to houses increasing in 
value still exist 

But be careful, after losing 
two houses we thought we had 
found the perfect property 
only to be told by the surveyor 
that due-to subsidence* the 
house was moving postal dis- 
tricts — a bad investment! 

Nick Fox 

V' ! 'S 

M & 
M m 

t *U' 

W 0 





Going abroad to work ran vice, based in Jersey. retainer service which gnaran- 

,5f da ^ 5ay 5 r “ The tees instant access to one of 
proMems,taot least of all what plete package offers expatn- Rowjo™' ijk sa-rtaifet, 
to do withfthe fomfly hoase. ales assisted before Iravtag m anv sS^ 

e" r i ^ Users of the serrice will be 

Altematitely, tf you nang on to Among die services available imrfdfdirithaiWwiKr™*™#* 
it what] difficulties are you are a folly comprehensive tax 
likely to encounter with letting serriceiveri^ the entire £5 
ydente^oendygetmgnJnt period, a tailor-made insmr- 
the tenants? ance packaee. savings and Ca*. 

The launch of four new trusts from Clerical 
Medical brings closer io every investor die opportunities 
of Europe, Arnericajapan and the United Kingdom. - - 

Complementing our existing range of mists, they 
wiD ensure wider acc es s to the consistency, strength and 
experience of Clerical Medical investment management. 

Now, you have a dependable guide in every 
significant world market. 


Fixed Interest 

Users of die service will be 
provided with a free expatriate 
pack which wfll include, for 
most major countries, a report 
living a synopsis of local 
information on education facil- 


TheTrust sums to produoeahigh return combining 
both income and cmiul growth from an actively managed 
portfolio of British Government Securities and other fixed 
interest securities. 

While giks will be TheprindpaJ form of investment, 
other good quality sterling fixed interest stocks wiD be 

The aim of thcTrust is co provide ldng-term growth 
in assets through stodbnarket investment in Norm 
America, largely in the United States. 

The Managers currently pboe emphasis on the 
more cydical industries such as electronics, technology, 
chemicals and paper, although less cydical aneas such os 

constantly under review and rhe Managers adopt an ai 
approach in keeping with developing market trends. 
Estimated writs initialywU: Distribution 1 5 th Mm 

considered Stocks wiD be chosen to provide a high total 
return after tax, and by adopting an active policy of 
switching between different maturity groups to benefit 
from changes in the shape of the yield curve, these returns 
should be enhanced 

Estimated grr&s htiilal ytekL- tOS**. DisnibMbm-sce General 

Two of the existing ratine of trusts, designed to 
produce maximum income and/or growth from United 

The Trust invests in securities of European 
domiciled com panics selected for their potential to provide 
above average returns. The Trust wiD not invest in 
companies domidkd in the United Kingdom. 

The Managers wiD put an emphasis on stocks 
which have the best p-owth prospects, and it is probable 
that investment wiD be concentrated in the economically 
stronger countries. Eke Germany, Holland, France and 
Switzerland However, the portfolio will be kept constandy 
under review, and special situations in other European 
countries wiD be monitored and advantage taken of any 
good opportunities for investment. 

The Trust has the power to invest in the trench 
Second Marche. 

f .-JmiuttHi pirns in i ftaiyti’&t- J ty*> Distnhuhfui !5tb December. 



The Trust invests in securities of companies 
domidkd in Japan, selected for their potential to produce 
above average returns. Current income wiD not be an 
important consideration in die selection of such equities. 

_ The Managers will select a wide variety ofjapanese 
securities in order to participate not only in the 
fundamental long-term strength that exists in Japan's 
dominant technology-based industries, but also in those 
which offer exposure to improvements in the domestic 
sectors of the economy. 

The Trust has the power to invest in the Tokyo 
Over-the-Counter Market. 

£snmaicdf?ws tmtoalyteki. 0.9%. Dittributiun 15tb August 

ol Uencal Medical investment management.- i he 
percentage change in offer price for me period 1.11.S4-- 
26JLS6 has been as follows: 

.EQUITY HIGH INCOME TRUST -aiming for above 
average and growing income with prospects of capital 

■ GENERAL EQUITY TRUST - aiming for above average 
returns from a portfolio of Untied Kingdom quoted 

Clerical Medical Unit Trust Managers Limited is a 
subsidiary of Clerical Medical, a mutual society to 
which diems have safely entrusted their money for over 
160 years. Indeed, since 1824, the Society has paid 
bon uses to with-profits policyholders withouu break. Our 
philosophy is to seek aobve average longterm growth, 
not to die exclusion of short term performance, but to 
create the emphasis whkh we befieve to be most appropria te 
to the needs of our investors. Funds under management 
now approach £3,000 million. 

Today, and until dose of business on March 21st 
1986, all eight Clerical Medical trascs are on offer with a 19b 
bonus allocation of units, enabling you to invest in your 
chosen market on favourable terms. 

There is also a 25p fixed offer price for the four new 
trusts. This fixed offer may be dosed early at the discretion 
of the Managers. 

Minimum investment in any ope fund is £500 and 
you can invest either by post, using the coupon, or by 
telephoning, using our free LinkHne telephone service 
direct to our dealing department. 

Remember that the price erf units, and the income 
from them, may go down as well as up. You should look 
upon your investment as long term. , - 

If you have stodonarioet investments to sell these 
can generally be exchanged for units in Clerical Medical 
Trusts, in many cases with a worthwhile saving on costs. 
Return the coupon for details. 

You can buDd-captial in Clerical Medical units 
through regular monthly savings of £25 or more. Our Unit 
Trust Savings Plan enables you to invest in any of the 
fall range of 8 mists with attractive Bonus Allocations of 
units for long term savers. Return die coupon for details. 

Minimum initial investment in the fund is £500 but 
thereafter y ou can add amounts of £250 upwards to your 

ByJ&phooc-Uniis can be bought by telephoning 
the Managers' DealingTineJFree LinkHne 0800 373393). 
'•Setdementwill be required on receipt of die Con tract Note. 

By Post- Units can be bought by sending a . . 
completed application form and cheque to the Managers. 
Units wiD be allocated at the price applicable on the djjy the 
application is received. : ^ 


Unit Pikes aAd Sefl log UrUs - The prices of unn^nid yields arepubfahed 
duly in The Times. Bnircul Time* jnd Daily Tdcgraph. If >xx> wiih w *ei 
ycwunKS.«npIvvniT^pk:&r ibe emtoncoimi on rii* hick of vour Ccrtifteaw 
and mum n ro the Maupn-f. Ibu will receive riw lull Ekd Vduc of younmns 
rohng on theiln- your Ccnifkatraadio u* jnd a cheque wd nonmtt>he 
forwarded witrai seven working days of reonpe ot the UmrCei U tkin c- 
Chartes- An intrak-harpe is included in iiie Offer Pnceol dk-urots, and a 
monthly charge pUto VAT of the value of the fund «. deducted from (be Tran 
to meet the expense* of the Trustees and Miiupm. 

Maximum Mavtmom 

Initial Monthly Inina) Monthly Tvpeof 

Charge Charge Charge Chaiy' Units 

Am mean Growth; Euwgwili GriYurh and J apan Growth Trusts 
w ** V| li *a a " Aixaimuboon 

Gih and Fixed ItncreM Irvonx- Ttwt 

5% **■» ?/*, Dffmhwp 

Note-.Thescdwupes wiH not be increased without * months' written notice. 
AtiennuLwiQa U«ki- Income *. auMnettKalW reuweswd and reflected m 
the Umc Pr»as. Onee a i ear (.'mthoidcrv w ill recetvr a ux raodter for die 
income they are deemed to have received. 

DktrftxaxwLlnM - Di«rfmoun of income net of haste nw tax from the 
Cleri cal Medic al GJraixl Fixed I mereae Income Truawifl he on 1 5 Angm. 
IJNonmber, I S Fehnjarv.aixi |5 May each year, commencing 15 AugM 

' Enrther Information 

Un& rrav be bought at the eiuiuu daily pricr-after the fixed price obar 
doscft.Thenxcd pnee otfn nuy he ckwed eaHv n the Awfliwi of ihc 
Manager*. Remuneranon may he pod loqualdkd mtnrnctWs and rates 
are available cm nrtjuest. 

Contract Notes and Certificates - Contract Notes w3 be issued on receipt 
of hi) instructions. Hrat Cemtkates wifl nomufly he caucd wtthm.15 
working days of receipt of payment. 

Manag ers- klmal M cdxuj Um Trust Managers L»nnoi NjttowPIbh. 

Registered Office - ) 5 St. James's Square, l.mdon SW1 Y 4QL 
RegStetedNd.18.WI. - 

Tmoee: - Midland Bonk Tmsi Onttpjriv Limned, u ■ 

119 OU Broad Street. Umdon EC2N 

* V\i *&>>%■ :>! 

fWA-WnW : 


! t' ^ mf .. -iky'" 

fV : n> Jr ’y* 

•: \< h? H 


t.A^i^.ff ■■ 

"rfirt .| , ..¥M , V * 


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Ts\'( m 

— v .. 

r.' UM/v/f; 

k * t ■* 



To: Clerical Medical UnuTnexl 
■** 11 1 MaMgeisljnitied FREEPOST (8S20), • 

BRISTOL BS2 0AB. I/Wfc endnse a cheque mack payable to Clerical I 
Medical Unh Trust Managers Limned for £ (minimum £500 per uusi). J 

I Clerical Medical 
American Growth Trust 
■ £ " ' ~ ■ 

. .Clerical Medical 
• European Growth Trust 

Clerical Medical 
Japan Growth Trua 

Clerical Medical Gilt and 

Hxfid Interest Income Tmst 





dentil Mnliul Unit Trust Munajars Umiicd- Repstered Nti IKl5tf»l. 
Member uf the l 'tin Trim .Wuuia 

, A wholly in, nod Mihstdeny fit ticnoit. Mvdul and Central Lite Assurance - 
bmaen. Namm Ham. Uw-HiUjU IjH. Trlcphune TXI.St* 

■ The price tip to March 21sr 1986 wiD be 25p. After March 21st 1986, the 
I ruling price wilfhe applicable. 

I Surname (Mr/Mrsrf'Miss) 

BlOtkt IPITtlSPlLAst 

■ Full Pnrpnirrw 

Please send me derails of: 

Umt Tnai Sartnja Ptm O Share Exchange Scheme □ j 

investing by phone i 

■ fi^linkijnei 

clerical meehcal 

I Signature 1_ — -Date jflOAA 

E An’hants'dMaaUdpiandpiriJnids^tmriy.'nH.ialrrMMiK-iipnih. V 

ties mcr K «curs .jU This . rtr t. n.« rp-Jmr. n» the ReptMt. irf irrW Moaday- Friday 9^01 -6 pm 

l J* l\S£> 


» V *' ■ • i* * 




Grofund European Trust is not only 
top European Trust - but top of all unit 
trusts, wherever invested. It has risen by 
753% over the 12 months to 28th 
February 1986. (Sourer: Planned Savings, 
offer to bid basis with income re-invested) And 
since launch in Iuly 1984 it is up 122.4%* 

strongest growth potential - and. above all. by 
picking the right markets 

The portfolio is currently invested as 
follows-. France 34%, Germany 31%. Italy 16%. 
Netherlands 11%. Switzerland 6%. Sweden 2%. 


-A growth MINDED GROUP- 

Grofund Managers Limited is the unit trust 
management arm of Allied Irish Investment 
Bank pic, the merchant banking subsidiary of 
Allied Irish Banks, with funds under manage- 
ment now totalling £1.5 billion. 



We believe there is still plenty of growth left 
in selected European markets, even following 

recent rises. If you haven't yet put part of your 

rowth portfolio in Eu. 
le time to do so - 

•now is definitely 
e leader. Grofund. 


Grofund European Trust's managers have 
the advantages of being fast, flexible - and 
expert We aim to maximise capital growth by 
seeking out companies in Europe with the 

‘0*i,rip i’U u it»; iv! ft on; tawtU hi Im/ii I q 54 tc 121/iMjrWi I^So 

To make a lump sum investment just 
complete the coupon below and post it to us 
with your cheque or you can place an order 
for units by telephoning us on 01-588 5317. 
The minimum initial investment is £500. You 
can also invest through our monthly savings 
plan (minimum £20). Tick box for details. 

You should remember that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down as 
well as up. 

However, we believe Grofund European 
Trust offers excellent potential for long-term 


An annual ihaite ol I < W the value ot each 
Fund deducted hom the income d the Trusts The 
OHer rnto of units includes on initial chare? ot 

If .. i- ■ • „n.w ; : IV- .jr I I : -p r. i 

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•r-.«r. s! ! iv " ns tt* ClO\. r 1 Lju'TOan Tujsl jl ttv? 

. ..... p... rul.r^ Of. lA.rnp- .;■» -Ml: jCElvCJUOn 
I •.•n.ik'Tca cneqiy: pat jCletoCxjiuna Markers 


-T 3 nv ‘urre lit! 3mjftc r iCCUI Grail jrtd 

Ci.'CI ri’ Trjs’ J~'S iMV-tfuni ’nj.JS 
\tomhk Saving Plan f.'i tjJ 1 dtia.h our 
\l...r:*>l . r*n.,i.*c-f'l 0 n bOv 

I j~ rt-’rst- 3 in iitveiTin^ i permemth 

i— ,-i.rr r*> t.ii< 

Share tvehange Schenw? For t j ! t dotair l’I :ht» 







Atana tenv G”'-'d Ma-s.'.** (.I’M * o 

Sr "'■•'•as- A-- . ■■ Trustysr Ceneral 

AcciJ-.^t t'OCutor and Trustee Compom timaed. 
Eyatis House. njGresham Street London tC^Y 7DH 




. T l’ T 

i- ;-v ; j-.'s" jpCKuti^ins a t nu t -Cf* 

• He* I- not Opeft IC‘ .-.I me RecubSiC f .* 



Asset stbS Ml ion 


Be careful where 

you take 
your last gasp 

■ A Brighton undertaker reported 
ouanes and took up most of the day, 
white a firm from Portsmouth arrf gaj a 
funeral for a local showman with eight 
coffin bearers, 14 drivers, five coach- 
loads of mourners, a hermetically 
seated coffin m 20 guage steel and pew- 
ter finish from America, at a total cost 
of £2,472. These tacts emerge from the 
latest review of funeral costs carried 

out by the Odds FeRows Manchester 

Unity Friendly Society. 

Faed werestRmds s as 9*. 


There’s sfiflfene 

Tve bad the most wonderful dream — 
the Inland Revenue cancelled my 

■ A simrfteam number o< 

wfB nothawi raysiered jgjjWjPR.*” 1 ' 

the DaaftotaownActBWmthe 

dose of ftei»gtetr«mp p»W ^®**y «• 

accorefeTgtoacwxarmntsEfj^ A 
vvhtenevrAjforwcondk^ti^ lh« firm 
showeddratof w0 uAupantes swk • 
pled in Februmy. onfy fe per^aat had et- 

\f yog want to be buried cheaply, 
make sure you die in Oldham where a fu- 
neral wifi oost as little as £T7S the 

cheapest reported in the survey. But 

disbursements (flowers and the like) 
brought the total cost to £41 0. Average 
total cost across the country worked 
out at £530 inducting disbursements - 
onfy £2 more than in the previous 

The survey always throws up some 
oddities - according to a Bamstey 
undertaker 95 per cent of his clients 
beiieve in flfe after death and expect to 
meet their relatives when they die - 
not always such a pteasant prospect 
Not surprisingly 60 per cent of them 

toMnore sceptical 

- only half believed in life after death and 
expected to be reunited with their 
friends and relatives. 

slve than most credit card 
borrowing. The account works Bke 
the standard budget account — 
the automatic ovwcfrsft feciJRy is 
determined by the amount of 
monthly payments made into the ac- 
count from your normal current 
account If a customer transfers £40 
into the Freeflow account, his or 
her overdraft fimrt is 30 times that 
amount £1,200. 

The account offers a cheque 
book, a cheque guarantee card and 
the availably of a Handytfll card 
to obtain cash from dispensers. Be- 
cause the interest charge is not 
low - the usual overdraft rate is 
about 15 per cent — it is difficult to 
see to whom Co-op Bank is trying to 

registration fdrms — andthe re ye only B 
weeks to goto the deadfae.; 

Some 37 percent of companies have 
not even appfced lot the fexmS- 

Mercer courses 

fl Our apokxdes tfr WHtam Mercer, 
wftdh rune pre-rewamant^ *7*32^ ** 
got the price wror^Bagweefc_ H>e 

Srin^^SJSaf^^^JSO A 

plus VAT or£80tpiumT>feraopo- 
pteTftrfl details rfbtftttypes of course 
are avaaabte from W&fon Mercer ^ 

... i 

L - ‘ 

Living with VAT 

Saturday ban 

Financial focus 

Our article about the bifl going 

' “ " clarify the position 

through Parliament to t 

■ Lots of entrepreneurs have ideas 
for viable businesses, but many have no 
notion of how to go about presenting 
their idea, or raising the finance. A new 
guide to raising money, Focus on Fi- 
nance, is available from accountants 
Dearden Farrow. "Applications for fi- 
nance are plentiful but suffer a high 
rejection rata" says Dearden Farrow. 
"Sources of finance have multiplied and 
become much more sophisticated in 
recent years, and there really is much 
more money about However, there 
are also numerous calls on that finance 
so that the provider, whether a local 
bank manager, or a City Institutio na l 
investor, does not have to, and usu- 
ally wiH not look at iU-researched 

Copies of Focus on Finance are avail- 
able from the publications department 
Dearden Farrow, I Serjeants' Inn. 
London 6C4Y UD (tet 01 353 2000). 

of theself-emptoyed prompted con- 

ference organizers to write to us with de- 
heir s 

tafe of their seminar specifically 
aimed at the "single contract" self-em- 
ployed. it is a one-day affair at the 
CFS Conference Centre in London an 
April 15. The conference sessions wfll 
cover aspects of befog self-employed, 
including VAT, definitions of befog 
self-employed and what can be done to 
make a "single contract” self -em- 
ployed person less vulnerable to chal- 
lenge from the Inland Revenue. 

The fee tor the one-day seminar is 
£170 plus VAT. Details: Oracle Business 
Information, 21 The Barton, Cobham, 
Surrey KTTI2NJ. 

■ About 50 Mdtend 
wi» open on Sxturd* 
day. Branches from t 
Plymouth ** be open 
time to take advantage 

excellent mortga ge pec 
paying over the normal 
cent for their home ban 
Midland, charging 13 per 
cost Midland pay 
fees-Bomjwws w» ai 
cent discount on the 
first year of repayments. 



Flexible currency 

Co-op with a sting 

■ The Co-op Bank Ins come up 
with a new budget-type account that 
on the face of IfJooks a neat idea 
Called the Freeflow Account it pays 
interest of 7 per cent, net of basic 
rate tax, when the account is in 
credit and has an automatic 
overdraft facility of up to £3,000— 
with no transaction charges at ail. 
The sting is that when you do over- 
draw on the account, the interest 
rate charged is a swingeing 2 per 
cent a month, which works out at 
at 26.8 per cent APR ~ more expen- 

■ With equity markets on both sides 
of the Atlantic hitting new highs, now 
might be the time for profit-taking on 
your equity portfolio wh3e shifting your 
assets into fixed interest securities - 
government bonds of one sort or an- 
other. In any investment equation you 
have to take into account the currency 
situation as well as prospective - 
investment returns, which is why the - . 
Guinness Mahon Globa) Strategy 
fund offere investors a flexible Invest- 
ment in a number of different cur- 
rencies — Global Fixed Interest Fund, 
which wfll be a managed mutti-cur- * 
rency fixed interest fund, as wed as ' 
&iropean Fixed Interest Fund, and 
the Yen Fixed interest Fund. Switching 
charges between the different funds 
are ocxnpetitive and investors have the 
opportunity to make their own fovest- 
ment decisions. 

The high-fliers 

■The best performing unit tiusts 
have outpertomredjnvestrneit trusts 
over the past 12 

taSonaClS a w est^OTtS* | b 4.50 
compared wfih OS2S0 from fha top 
petfomwtoinvwBtrnenttnteL > 
Lowland, me bust te in any cash some- 
[ of an oddity since the next best 
[investment trust F4C 
tged onfy Q46.4f — a 
tong way behind the leader: Wfwrww 
Wardtey European Growth Unit Trust 
timed w a crecfitabie 882.40 - only a 

Cl- • 

one. Even Samuel Europeanttnum- 
bef 10 in the unit trust league tabft 
managed to outperform Lowland ht the 
top of the fovessnem trust table. \ 

■Last week in Family Money we . • 
mentioned a free advice scheme orjthe 
Business Expansion Scfomo run by a 
firm of stockbrokers. Untortu na tafy we 
published the wrong telephone num- 
ber. The correct tetephorta number tor 
brokers Standrfte Todd'sfree BBS 
service is 01 638 3321. 

ti ■■ 

i* • 
i*- S. > 


-s the Sunday Tfelegraph said on December 15th, 
“Capel-Cure Myers has proved itself to be one of the 
very best stockbrokers for dealing with private 
clients ...” 

And, as the Observer said, on the same day, 

. . Vanguard, the unit trust arm of stockbrokers 
Capel-Cure Myers, is the Small Group of the Year. For 
the second year running. Its four trusts rose an 
average 36.7%, an excellent performance.” 

By joining the services and the skills of Capel-Cure 
Myers and Vanguard, you arrive at ‘The Master 
Portfolio Service’. 

We believe that this is the most logical and effective 
way yet devised of managing substantial portfolios for 
private investors. If you have more than £50,000, you 
ought to find out what we can do for you. 

Please telephone or write to David Edsell or 
Nicolas Bowater for full details at 


Members of The Stock Exchange 

65 Holbom Viaduct, 

London EC1A 2EU and Edinburgh 

Tfelex 886653 PROCUR G 

Member of the ANZ Group 







lor a free copy of our 

1986 Guide , with fuU 
details of our top- 
performing finds and 
both lumpsum and 
monthly investment, 
simply send this . 


Name .. 
Address ; 

30 ray SHARE 

>fccwnaali WM « w £Sm 


= smkMam 


Mcamim Imam t£*M 


MIE=JM 4 ? 5 «- 3 »S 

Mnsnm lw«qnav CMQ 


IMS- 11 - 25 *= H-B 4 *£ 

1 Rmi KBURMr (wroi M Cn 

-J g 

T Ana id aOnkHM, Tams XadwiMtal 

B«id OBoe 1T8 londoslMd. NaAEad. NMMkKX MX. 
XckfbeuM (0705) £83311. 

ortsmouth B uttdin g Socie ty 


- ■ ft r 

’ *’ -i r •’ 

'* : • ^*. 

In the first six months since we 
introduced Dealercall over 4000 
investors have become card holders 
and many of them are now using 
the service regularly. 



- 0T-242369€&Mh 
Is £750. -i 

Here’s how it works: 

□ You apply for an investment limit 
to suit your requirements. 

□ Hoare Gove^negofetes the best 
price available^ -iimd reports baCkfol 
you fownediate^ : " . . " ' 5 j . V 

□ You receive your personally 
numbered Dealercall Account Card. 

Forforther idfemtafton and an 

□ To buy and sell shares, or unit 
trusts, you simply call the special 
Hoare Govett Dealercall telephone 










•! - S15^SaKSS5SS ,, ^ 





Financial Services Gkxa> 

Howfl«HiLW«a HertcnarnieSMcfeEwtwcc 

| Name — 

| Address. 

HaronHguM 3i9-32SHi£h Hottum. London wciv TPs. 
Tsl. 01-1M 0344 tel 8B5773 

L ^ ~ _ ri- Tisp 


.'mp ^ i LijiiiA i iviAtu .n .1 J l^flO 




•*■«■■«*• I-,, 



: •*«■/: r-, 

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1M4 '■ = M 


■ id ^ 

Make the most of the 
Ju-te ch comeback 

Investment 3 ‘ r >- 

tech stocks have been. at a:- j - \ \ / 

wb fcr acoapleofyeart: 1 V* \ \ " / ^ 

be the time t6 | • X. \ / 

* , ... VvtJ7 ^s 


V> "- - :V-C.” 

■■- • •.■>.- •■ .. *- i. 

l * < •-■‘V-V'-VS- 

;1>r „ • -••*: .. -a 

■■ ■■: r.:*-. 

k-.‘- •*' **• 

*•,. . , v^< 


5 =“1- , 
J- . . ... .. • W 


Hi-tech stocks have been- at a 
low «bb for a couple of years: 

SLJ3 W iL^^ ^ lb® time tb 
start buyipg to catch? : the 

upswing. • : 

One, unit .trust gdnip, 
Crowii^ is launching a : new 
technology ftmd - *the Crown 
Uucrnauonal Technology 
Trust*- a recovery trust “It a 
a semi-high ridrlund;” says 
Andrew Withey, Crown's in- 
vestment director. “Mfe do not 
believe that technology com- 
pares are about io resume 
then* super-star status of the 
eai$yl980s but w^ think the 
tide is turning q*I when it 
does turn we are going to have 
to move fast-” '> 

’ The is a bokhr marked ng 
strategy than theusual waiting 
urnira sector is searing a peak 
to . launch new trusts on the 
wave pf enthusiasm just in 
time to see a downturn — 
witness Europ^ 

Some of thesmaH manufac- 
turers in the Midlands are now 
more highly sited dan the hi- 
tech darlings of yesteryear. 
And there isfogte in believing 
that those tefhnology compa- 
nies that h&e survived the 
lealti years qp ripe for revival. 

*- Thu; Cn»n portfolio win 
initially befO per cent invest- 
ed in the lifted Stales, 30 per 
cent ip Jagan, 26 per cent in 
Europe (nduding the UK) 
and 4 pefoent in Hong Kong. 

Techndogy funds with a 
global oitlook at least have 
room- fir manoeuvre when 
indiyidsu regions suffer a 

“In .Jie past, technology 
compares nave had to buy 
into tw firms no one. has 
heardif; but we will be able to 

Technology content 
cat, To about 60% 

buj into large established 
companies with smashed out 
ratogs — that's our defence,” 
sa'S,Iohn Arnold, the fiimL 
nansfeer at Crown Technol- 
0530 “And we can ran to 
ptunnaoeutica^s or telecotn- 
mpication stocks rather than 

nlf- fashinneri electrical^ ■** 

Sentiffid, nbw pan of the 
itken Humef stable, had two 
Serialized t^uok^y funds, . 
_ ienlind Japahese Tedinology 
~ ind Sentinel American Teot 
jxfkgy. "But' Ihdy ' ftk 'so " 
•miweczcd ido dtwr sectors , 
"thai on Jampry I both funds 


the technology content oftheh- 
portfolios to about 60 per cool 

The result has been a signifi- 
cant upswing. The Japanese 
fund is up 17.1 per cent since 
' January and the American 
fund is up by I1J per cent 
since the change-over. “I put it 
down to the change in the mix 
rather than an. upturn in 
technology stocks,” says unit 
trust manager Malcolm Coen. 

Bnt Brian Ashford-R ussell, 
manager of. Touche 
Remnant's Global Technol- 
ogy Fund, technology’s star 
performer, says his fund is up 
45 per cent since last October. 
He got the tuning right in the 
US market and avoided the 
major UK electrical stocks 
which have fared badly. 

The fund is now 60 per cent 
in the United States, 15 per 
cent in Japan and 25 per cent 
r in the UK. “We are heavily 
underweight in Japan. Japan 
isloolring soggy in the technol- 
ogy area partly because of 
protectionist worries and part- 
ly because of the uncompeti- 
tive exchange rate between the 
yen and dollar.” 

•But the rally m the United 
States is more firmly based 
with companies changin g 
managements or cutting costs. 
Mr Ashfondl-RusseQ thinks the 
next three months in tedmol- 
ogy stocks wiff beflat but the 
strengthening .US. economy 

Current vah 
offer basis; 



i of £100 invested over one and throe years offer to 
Hi net Income re invested to March 1, 7986 .. 

one year dime years 

TR Glottal,' 

Sentinel Japanese 

Uoyds Bapk international 
«Bed Dunbar 
HiU Samuel Japanese 
Target (t«) 

KJemwori Benson World 

Prolific - - - - 

Brown Shipley 

Barclay Unicorn Universal 
W ardtetf 
S 6 P New 

GT Technology & Growth {US) 
Sentinel Amencaai 


“If I was launching a new 
technology fond I would 
. launch in June or July — 
prospects for growth are good 
in the last quarter of the year,” 
he says. 

John Gurney r manager of 
the oldest technology fund, 
Allied Dunbar Tedinology 
which started life in the 1950s 
as an electrical and industrial 
trust, says it is not a bad time 
to launch a technology fond 
now. “Although in retrospect 
last September would have 
been better — tedinology 
stocks have done very well 
since then.” 

Eighteen months ago life was 

‘Upward path will 
not be smooth’ 

rather miserable if yon ran a 
technology fond,” he says. 

Stocks have had significant 
l*ice movements based not on 
fundamentals but on anticipa- 
tion of the good times ahead. 
Some of the US semi-conduc- 
tor stocks have put on 50 per 
cent since then. 

“It's slowly getting better. 
His £45 million fund is 55 
per cent invested in the Unit- 
ed States, 25 per cent in the 
UK, 16 per cent in Japan and 
4 per cent in cash. 

Technology stocks are 
strongly cyclical but the over- 
all trend means that investors. 
who have'" held steady will-’ 
have beaten the market over 
the long term. 

Chris Tracey, who manages 
Save & Prospers New Tech- 
nology fund, does not believe 
dial the upward path for 
technology stocks wQJ be 
smooth: “It is a very de- 
pressed sector.” But he sees 
plenty of opportunity in the 
smaller companies which are 
not so well researched and 
may turn up bargains. 

Vivien Goldsmith 

*The Crown International 
Technology Fund is being 
launched alongside a Japanese 
and European Jund to join 
Crown’s three existing trusts. 
Charges will be 5 per cent 
initial charge and I per cent 
annual, management foe. The 
nurdmumJnvestnient is £1000 

THE FUND — primarily invests in "exempt" 
British Government Securities (Gilts). These are 
Gilts which are not liable to any U.K. taxation. 


free of any witholding taxes. 

A REAL RETURN - inflation is now 
under 6%, the Fund therefore provides a real 
return of more than b Q n . 

NO FIXED TERM — the investment can 
be held tor as long as you wish, you can sell at 
anv time, on anv business dav. 


The fund has been certified as a "Distributing 
Fund" under the provisions of the U.K. Finance 
Act 1984 in respect of its latest account period. 


Britannia is one of the leading investment 
Management Groups in the LUC. Channel 
Islands and U.S.A. and now manages in excess of 
£4.000m. on behalf of 350.000 investors 
worldwide, including 1.000 institutional clients 
from its offices in London, Jersey, Denver and 



l 25 hwe. /ot!rtfc*£ nrm 

■'^IroUfrdJ'e tort’ *86 
TniJ ur*a.»h#*«-d at t**’*' **&*•«&& ^ 

irve 'W’Br. i _ 

gritaraaa International , • 

Investment M4n^mentLrmrt«l 

Crjcpc^.tr?;*, _ .v,- r y J .. 

If!er n ‘*x *r*'< V-*.- 



RO.Ba»27i,St. HefccJefser.CI. 

Btr^rra^kf^i Oiff’ >AlLimfri] nnffw*rwwMH 

htitihduivigxittdivnx.iiil iriOIMft'id 

A mnnbw ot At fintun* A/rw* dtwp 
Mwoito il fwMVMl itntm 

The trusty w^y whh MI contributions 

Tax avoidance has long been regarded 
“fair game”, but avoiding Narionai 
iBsurance Jus, until now, often 
brought on a vague feeling of unease;'" 
However, many companies stfll YeeV- 
ing from the provision in lasf year's - 
Budget which, removed ihe ceOings on 
employe^ Natfowil Insarance cod- 
tributrans. So employers have been 
looking to their advisers for schemes 
to reduce their National Insurance 

One scheme is the use of discretion- 
ary trusts for employees. These trusts 
have been around for some time but 
this week, a DHSS spokesman said: 
“Employees* trusts seem to be becom- 
ing more popular. However, compa- 

nies most ensurrihat the payments 
nude by the tn$ts do actually satisfy 
.-paragraph 19 of the 1979 Social 
Security (Contributions) 

Regulations. 7 ; ' ' 

This provides that certain kinds of 
payments are to be excluded when 
working out a person's earnings for 
National Insmrance contribution pur- 
poses. Payments by an employer to. 
trustees of employees’ trusts and the 
subsequent payments by the trustees 
in favour of employees can fall within 
the National Insurance exclusions. 

Therefore, payments of bonuses 
through an employees' trust can be 
particularly worthwhile. The trust 

allows an employer to pay in the 
bonds, the trustees exercise their 
discretion and in due course pay tbo 
money out to the employee. .National 
Insurance is not paid .by. either, 
employee or employer. A barrister,, 
Patrick Soares, said: “If the idea 
really takes off, the Government will 
almost certainly stop it There is 
already an anti-avoidance provision 
but it ts rather weak.” 

The anti-avoidance provision is 
paragraph 21 of the 1979 regulations. 
This allows the DHSS to ignore 
“abnormal pay practices” and rivim 
National Insurance contributions as if 
normal pay practices had been fol- 
lowed. However, the legislation does 

.noLdcfiife yhatls “abnormal” for this 

■ pbrptike. y • 

Patrick, Wayy^ tax solicitor, com- 
mentedt^Jt Js .i'.grey area 'as to 
.vtiie^T'oriu^; payments of bonuses 
-through employees’ trasts fall within 
this abnormal pay practice. However, 
where a significant proportion of 
employees’ eareisga have traditional- 
ly been paid by way of bonus, an 
argument that the arrangement was in 
fact normal might well succeed.” 

One final word of wanting. The 
trusts must be drafted and used with 
care so as not to prejudice both the 
employers’ and employees’ tax posi- 


illustrated graph shows the result of 
£1,000 invested over 5 and 10 years w 
31st December 1985 in the median 
International unit trust and a building 
society ordinary share account. 
Net Income reinvested, offer to bid 
(Source UTA). 



Abbe/ MasterT rust is a brand new 
type of unit trust designed to meet your 
needs for longterm savings. flaEp 

£1,000 invested in the middle- JM 

performing international unit trust 
10 years ago would now be worth 
£4,069, comfortably ahead of inflation B £1000 | 

and substantially better than rfyou had 
left the same amount in a Building Society. And you get 
similar results over other long periods. 

Investing in stocks and shares around the world is 
simple with Abbey MasterTrust 

For either a lump sum ( minimum £500) or 
through regularsavings (minimum £25 per month) 
you can invest your money for capital growth in a 
single unit trust which invests exclusively in our own 
range of14 Abbey UnrtTrusts, and t «\ — 

covers all the world's major- .[ 

stockmarkets. / ^WAiSg 8 




To: Abbey Unit Trust Managers Limited, FREEPOST, Bournemouth BH8 8XH. 
Please send me the Abbey MasterTrust brochure. 

rarer 41"-! i) 

i-*— a-'S MiH-.'y!-. 

' Tofind out more about Abbey /MQftfSv? 8 *; 
MasterTrustand how you can fi f^y 

become a winner; complete the 
coupon and return it today. i 

Saf4urMliiiEn|tindNo. Wlttl 
A ududiBy ol Abtvy S4a Ciouppk 
McmMroi u<c UmtTrkK Anacuiioo 

ylbbey Unit Trusts] 



.-/ij >> ^ .y ' 

. .. «.■ ... 

Jan ' Aug' Sep' Nov' Dec* Jan 'F^b 

1985 f&F 1386 ■ 

I :a j laJa^afea ■ i. v ilj ; 

WARDLEY!. . .Up 72.4% in 1 year 

(Offer to bid, income not reinvested) 

On the up aud.up. That's Wardley's 
European Growth Trust! Had you invested 
£1,000 on March 1st 1985, your Investment 
would have grown to £1,724 by 3rd Maj*ch, 
1986- net of all charges. 

And, in our opinion, the prospects for 
Wardley's European investors still look as 
bright as ever. 


So make the most of Europe by making the most 
of Wardley. Simply' complete and return the 
application - together with your cheque made 
payable to ‘Wardley Unit 1>ust Managers Limited’ - 

m htst /ttv/iinmiHfi •s/iiiiM nntlirnffiinl‘tltif§t t/Hit h- tn f titlin' //t'rft ii-hhii.ii-. 
TJir/tritt’iiT unit*. iimI thr iimniiffn nn tl“iu ninfii/l on nwUtts r*nr. 


Investment objective: f Fund i-stpitul apprevLiU'un from ;i airefufly >Hii-tcd 
punJoHouf shares quoted un an> nf the ( untineiiEaF Kur>jpcun >iurkiniirkcts. 

Dealing in units: l "nit* will bp bought hi the ruling Offer price un any bu>inos.s day 
tin which orders are received. I A- u guide the Offer price on iflth Mmvli u-a- 
A CoiHruri Note will he sent immnjRtleiv \nur upplhiiliun is mvived - uml your 
l "nit feriirUTUv will nonruilly follow within the next Li days. When \uu x-ll \inir 
units, payment will he madciit the Kid price, normally within 7 days of the receipt of 
your renounced Tnit tVriifiroic. 

Prices a«d yield: Theeurtvm prices iind yield an* quoted daily in the Dullv 
Telegraph. F inunriul and The Times. 

Income: The estimaied gross current yield on tilth .Mnn h KWIwistjM.per 
annum. Xt*t income is distributed annually un. list August. 

Charges: An Initial charge of Y*., is included in the prii-r nf units. Commission is 
puid tiiijualincdintcrniedliiries. the nites being dMiiltiblc on rvqui'sL ,\n annual 
managt'jacni charge of l 1 (plus VAT I or the vtiiucul the ‘Hu*! Is deducted In mi ihi> 
innime tor capitaL if there is in«.u fficient ineome). 

Safeguards: The TYuslisuuihnrtsed In thp.'^eiT'.-liJn nf State fur' TVatk»tmii 
Industry and is a wider ra np™ ini pstnieni under i he Ihjsicc Invi'stmviil Act- Ibid. 
TheTVustoi.'isLloidsf5ank Pic. 71 Lombard sinrL London liflSPoHS. 

Management Company: Mnrrtley Cnit Trust Mnnaperv Limited. Keg. \»*. liluaq:. 
Kneland. Keglsleir'd l Uflve Murdky HmiM*. 7 1 h-vnnshin* Stiiwre. Loiidnn 

Why? Because Wardley has the 
knowledge and expertise to identif\' and 
capitalise on the best of European 
investments. 72.4% growth in 12 months 
is impressive by any standard - but 
Wardley believes that Europe con- 
tinues to offer outstanding prospects 
for 1986^ _ 


- :.. IFYOL INVEST BY 11.4.86 

1 AYe apply for units to the value of £ (min £1.000) at the 

Managers' quoted offer price on receipt of this application. 



I sipiaturels) Date 

I In the case of jninl applications each n> usi sign and 
athich full names.) 

Please tick lheupprupnatefau\(es) if you would like: 

(i) ini-ume disiribuikins (in) delailsof regular 

reinvested D momhlysarings 

(ilj delails of our Share |iv) details of our Portfolio 

Exchange Scheme lJ Management Services 

Plcasi‘send thiscuinpleted application form and cheque for the 
amount you wish tu invest tu: 

Wurdley L'nilThjnl Manage rs Limited 
tVnnllri HiiUM-.7!h'iuno|iiivN|Uiin-.Liiniliiiiil( JM JHN 
I Telephone: W-S2H late 1S34. (\»-Mp}iliivilil.-in Pjrvi 

.V* miurtiribr I ’ml Tru*l . 1 • .i.w/f.ik 

A World of Experience 

/w>7»/wr.Himgkongttank .7ro>//» o 

rjb-jj | 






INCOME TAX RELIEF 1985/6 & 1986/7 


Apply now for one or both of 
Baltic’s asset-backed BES issues. 

* Income tax refcf at your 
fi g npS t rate 

* V«y fegtifeveteof 
prime property backing 

* Proven and c omm itte d managem e nt s 

* EstabSsted trades 

* Low issue costs 


Freehold restaurants in London’s West End, managed 
and s u b sta nt ial ly backed by Kennedy Brookes. 

Special features: 

* Successful trading record 

* No delays giob ta ini n g comp a ny’s BES qualifications 

' hsueoO:3tKM)OOo<&my shares ol.£l<BEh a apnea <N£i.30pBr snare. 

p^abtegrhiSonapp to Bon. 


A cham of ten plane High Street freehold shops traefing 
with minimal risk in estabSshed products with strong 
marketing back-up. Special features: 

.* Nearly 100% asset backing 

'*• “Substantial personal cash uom«igtin ent 

. by mana gement 

* Rd tax refieffri either or both of 1985/6 & 19ffi5/7 

' Issue ol 3.000.000 shares of Ea50pe«chfli a pnee or CJ par share payable 
mfuBon ap pfc ca & on 

Bofft sponsors*/ by ££ Baltic 


(Lcensed Dealers n Secvmesi 

25/26 Albemarle Street London W1X4AD 01-4839899 
Ihs advertisement does not consume an otter to subscribe tor stems. 

To: Close Regsttare Ltd. 803 High Rd. Leyton E10 7AA 

Please send without obligation 
a copy of foe prospectuses) ticked:... 

[~1. City Shops PLC 

I I Charlotte Street Restaurants PLC 




Please tick ths box if you would fce to be placed 
on our mailing fist for further B.ES. issues 


5386 T 

The English and 
New York Trust pic 

Highlights of 1985 

Net asset value per share 

138.7p + 20.2% 

*Net asset value total return + 2Z5% 

inves tment trust average total return 4*12.0% 

Gtop a w^l niuribnijoii of Investments 

K. America 


Far East 

94 V>, 

22 - 7 * • 

Total Assets £112330,00© 

Extract from the Chairman’s Statement 
“In June last year, your Board decided that die timing 
was right to take the final step in achieving the policy 
of becoming a predominantly overseas trust. Over the 
year our investment in the UJC has been reduced 
from 31J% to 7.6% with investment of the sale 
proceeds going mainly into Europe, Japan and the Fai 
East The investment in Europe, in particular, proved 
to be very beneficial for the Trust and made an 
important contribution to the result for the year.” 

*Sourccr Association of Investment Trust Companies. 




Copies of the Annual Report & Accounts (including a twelve-page 
. y. Investment Managers’ Review) are available from the 
Secretary, 20 Fenchurch Street, London EC3P 3DB 
RutS A member of the Association of Investment Trust Companies. 


Eva’ will tax our 

AD smiles for Brits on the Costa del Sol — bat for haw long bow that prices are creeping »P 

— has three Hamtc 6 pier ce nt cutset they have to register the tween Marbefla Gibraltar 

Spain joined the Common 
Market on January 1 and 
already a mountain of mud- 
dles is awaiting unwary tour- 

The new Common Market- 
style tax, IV A, which is the 
Spanish version of our VAT, 
has sent some prices rocketing 
- not always with any justifi- 

The nastiest shock for tour- 
ists will come when they rent a 
car. Car hire was tax-free but 
now it carries the 33 per cent 
luxury tax under IVA. 

The tax — pronounced Eva 




Enlefprrse. energv and entrepreneurial flair - that’s how the Dutch 
built their great trading and commercial empires in the past. 

And that's how they're building them today. 

You're probably familiar with the names of some of the major Dutch 
multi-nationals - Philips, Royal Dutch Shell. Unilever, Heineken; there 
are many others, however! 

Your Guide 

To help you take advantage of them. EBC Amro Unit Trust 
Management Limited has launched the 'EBC Amro Dutch Growth Trust*. 

The Trust aims to produce capital growth from a range of Dutch 
securities, including traded options. The majority of these will bequotedon 
the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Europe's oldest and one of its largest stock 
markets. The Trust Deed permits investment on the 
Dutch Parallel (secondary) market, if and when 
authorized by the Department of Trade and Industry. This 
market corresponds to the USM in the UK. 

Record Breaker 

Over the last two years the Dutch market has out- 
performed the UK, US and Tokvo exchanges, as well 
as most of those in Europe, rising by 41% in the last year. 

. The Dutch economy is strong, it is estimated that 
GNP will rise by 2.5% during 1986 and industrial 
production will increase by 4%. In PT terms, Holland is 
one of the cheapest markets in Europe. «5ee Graph). 

A New Force In Personal Investment Management 
’ - Tte EBC Amro Dui<. h Growth Trust is launched by 
EBC Amro Unit Trust Management Limited, a new invest- 
■ merit management company which draws on the resources 










12 - 

10 - 


. 6 - 


Price/Earnings Ratio. 


of Amro Bank, one of thp Netherlands largest banks and a major inter- 
national force in the financial markets: and of EBC Amro, a London-based 
merchant bank with a reputation for innovatory investment management 
and foreign exchange capabilities. 

Fixed Price Offer+1% Discount 

Units will be ottered at a 1% discount on the fixed price of 50p per 
unit until Monday 24th March. 1986. 

How To Invest 

Complete the application form and send it together with your 
cheque made payable to EBC Amro Unit Trust Management Limited, c/o 
Manchester Unit Trust Administration Company Limited, FREEPOST, 
Manchester M2 8BL (No stamp required). 

Remember, the price of units and the income from 
them, can go down as well as up. 

General Information 

Contract notes will not be issued for the initial offer 
but. thereafter, will usually be sen! by return of post. You 
will receive a Unit Certificate within six weeks of the 

receipt of your cheque. 

An initial charge of 5% is included in the price of the 
units and an annual charge of 1 .25% (plus VAT) of the value 
of (he fund is allowed for in the quoted yield. 

Estimated gross current vidd is 2.25% at the launch 
price of 50p. Managers reports on the fund will be issued on 
13th February each year. Income will be distributed annually 
net of basic rate tax on 15th February. Prices are quoted 
in the National press. Trustee: Midland Bank Trust 
Company Limited. (Not open to residents in Eire.) 

A wage P* Ratios 
of U^or World 
Stock (totals 





Application Form 

. Tot EBC Amro Unit Trust Management Limited, c-'o Manchester Unit Trust 
' Administration Company Limited. FREEPOST, Manchester M2 8BL. 

. (No stamp required). 

IWe’wish to invest L in units in the EBC Amro Dutch Growth 



First Nameis). 


’■ Trust at the price ruling on receipt of this application (minimum investment £500). 

Fixed price offer less 1 % Discount applies until 24/3/86. 1 am/We are over 18. 

□ Please tick box if you require automatic reinvestment of 

ifislributions. f CDL 

□ Please tick box if .you require further information about the EBC VAMRO 
Amro Dutch Growth Trust. 




iloint applicants must sign and attach names and addresses separately). 

for food, medicine, books and 
domestic property, 12 per cent 
for services and commercial 
property and 33 per cent fin* 
luxury boats, cars, jeweUesy, 
furs and hired cars. 

Restaurant prices, which 
previously included the old 
taxes, will now be shown 
exclusive of IVA and the tax 
will be added at the end, with 
food and drink being shown 
separately. Food bears taxat 6 
per cent and alcoholic drinks 
at 12 per cent. Just to confuse 
matters further, mineral war 
ters and other soft drinks are 
taxed at 6 per cent. 

One Madrid restaurant 
owner who had attended a 
series of government seminars 
on IVA announced that he 
had finally understood it afi. 

I His prices were going to be put 
up by 12 to 15 per cenL He 
said: “My suppliers vail 
charge me IVA at 6 per cent 
and I have to charge hat 6 per 
cent to my customers — and 6 
and 6 make 12^* 

Though genuine confusion 
abounds, there are also many 
businesses in Spain who see 
the new order as a good cloak 
for raising prices — just like 
the introduction of VAT in 
Britain. Newspapers in Spain 
r ep or te d the chaos and mean 

purchase so that when they 
coroeto sell they can take the 
money out of the country. Any 
rental income win be subject 
tb Spanish tax of 18 per cent 
after allowances for running 

Britain and Spain have a 
double taxation agreement, 

Developers ask any 
. price they want 

which means you will not pa y 
full British taxes all over again 
if you bring the money back 
into this country. ‘ 

Spain had a miserable tour- 
ist season last year after ati the 
publicity about muggings and 
violence. It does not seem to 
have dampened foe market 
for holiday homes. 

Alan James, who runs foe 
Sunhomes, is expanding his 
Bena Vista apartments and 
sports-centre complex he- 


on foe Costa del ; 

“People tafiu 
ket here being 
we can literally < 
ever price we 
p ro p erty and still 
-marg i ns/* said Mr 
foe recent opening* 
ping precinct adjc 

His confidence in 
erty boom in the area* 
isg is shared by 
which rs finking up 
in a £30 million 
project to build 
and 400 holiday homes i 
foe golf coarse. 

- Southern Spam has 
round season, 
spend the winter n 
to es ca pe expensive foo ts 1 
sportsmen, especially grifei 
go there all year, and fenktie 
flock there for seaside MB 
days during foci Waring Afostj 
mer months. V: j 

Vivien GoMsfikHil 


Windfall profits for 
some businesses 

while put up their prices by 20 
per cent, although IVA is 
levied on them at 6 percent 

Some prices were due to 
come down, such as cinema 
and theatre tickets. But they 
remained the same, bringing 
windfall profits for those busi- 

The new tax regime applies 
to mainland Spain ana the 
Balearic Islands, such as Ma- 
jorca and Minorca but does 
not hold sway in the Canary 
Islands, Ceuta and Melilia. 

More than 500.000 -Britons 
have residential property in 
Spun, and about 25,000 a year 
are joining foe thronging expa- 
triate communities in Spain. 

The property developers 
feared that the new tax regime 
would penalize them. But new 
residential property beans IVA 
rat 6. per cent, foe same rate as 
the old -p rop ert y tax, whale 
commercial property is taxed 
at 12 per cent The tax on 
property is levied only on new 
building. Subsequent sales do 
not bear tax ai all. 

People buying property in 
Spain have to be wary anyway, 
irrespective of IVA.- At the 

Cut the Cost 
Of Your Mortgage 
By Up to 30% 

A new approach to mortgages has been pioneered 
by Lloyd* life whfch t imes you to reduce the 
costof your mortgage by up ro 30% In year I. 

The scheme abo gives you the flexibility to 
increase or decrease- payments as your 
circumstances dictate. The same competitive 
interest rate applies whether you borrow £25,000 
or £ 250.000 and because of the high income 
multiples that are offered you can buy that ideal 
house sooner. 

The scheme is backed by Lloyd's Life and some 
. of the world's largest banks. Secured loans $re 
available for mortgages, remortgages. 2nd 
mortgages and c ommerci a l loans. If you would 
Eke further details and a written quotation (ctdcPafe 
ofkwtotioeasetfoiermv^), please complete arid 
return" the coupon below or tele ph one: 
021-440 5697 or 021-440 3409. ckm. 

-Please raurb to: 

Lloyd's Lift Assurance limited. 
FREEPOST, Birmingham- B16 8BR 

Name Mr/Mrs/Xta ' ' 

AE 43 


Amount of Loan Required: A. 

(min £25.000) | 

L _ _ _ __ (Bu>2~ j 

Lloyd's life Awionct Ud. ICrcdft Bettor) Typtcal A, ML n 4 * • 



Group plc 

Sunhill Group PLC operates 
2 nursing homes providing high 
class accommodation and care for 
elderly, infirm, chronically ill and 
convalescent patients. 

★ Offer Share Price 90 per cent 
backed by net tangible assets. 

★ Proven operating profit 

★ Over 90 per cent occupancy 
levels are bring achieved. 

★ Experienced, committed and 

successful management 

★ investment offer carries foil 
BES tax relief for 1985/86. 

Offer for Subscription 

Under the terms of foe 
Business Expansion Scheme 


<a member of NASWM) 


480,000 Ord ina ry Shar es . 
of 50peach ati£>l, 05 per share '■ 
payable in full on application. \ 
The subscription lisi wiQ be dosed when 
Oner is My suikr&ed or at 3 -OO p.m. 
00 3rd April 1986. Sp 
made for any pah ofhhe company's share 
apital to be admitted to the official list of 
foe Stock Exchange otto foe tMsted 
Securities Market/ • • 

Copies oftfae Prospectus are 


T.Caveodisfr Square, London, WlM 9HA. 

T «5Ph°ne 01-651 3015 

4 * 

In die last four years Guinness has been All this has resulted in our Company 
transformed both in the UK and internationally. growing in value from £90 million to over £900 
We . sell nearly 40 per cent of all the beer million in the past four years, 
exported from the UK to overseas markets. During that period our shareholders have 

W$ have successfully launched new products reaped the benefit, 

both at home and abroad. Our earnings per share have increased by 169 

Alongside our core drinks business we have per cent and our share price has shown an almost 
expanded in retailing and health care, both six-fold increase. 

growth sectors linked by strong brand names Proof indeed that Guinness should be good 

with good consumer franchises. for Distillers. 

Guinness and Distillers. More than just a merger. 

— . is published by Moqpn Grenfell &. Co Limited and The British Linen Bank on behalf of Guinness PLC The Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information contained tn this advertisement To the K* of their knowledge and 

M»eflh^n5 taken all reasonable cate to ensure that such is the case) the information contained m this advertisement is in accordance with the facts The Directors of Guinness PLC accept responshliiY according] v SOURCE Guinness Annual Report and Accounts NSn 




Is your capital actively managed for 
capital growth? 

Are you able to take tax-free 
capital {pins withm the CGT 

Do you have the time and 
knowledge to analyse worldwide 
aaket trends and cnrrency fluctuations? 



*There are no initial charges and no penalty when yon cash in 
vour holding. 

* Your capital wiD be spread within a diversified international 
portfolio of funds managed by leading fund managers- 

make full use of the Capital Gains Tax concessions* thus 
providing the potential for annual tax free returns. 

* Investors will enjoy the convenience of having only one 
certificate— there is no unnecessary paperwork and taxation 

* You receive a quarterly valuation and market report outlining 
your holding and future growth expectations. 

This limited offer is exclusive to IPS and is only available 
to the public until 10.00am April 4th 1986. Demand is expected 
to be heavy so you should act now! For a copy of the prospectus, 
please complete and return the coupon. jfctgrtW 

rTbeCCTA8iJ«^lwffi.«isi3W^portiriiJimtteBmiislJ»erw. ( ^**° T * ) 

To: Investment Portfolio Services Ltd., 

15 Manchester Square, London WlM 5AE. Tel: 01-486 0177 

Name — ■ — Td No 

Address — ■ 


Tax rate - 

-Amount available for investment . 

Potfolio valuation. 

T; 15,1-86 



UP TO £5,000,000 


• Tracfing risks reduced by the use of franchising 

• Asset 8acked 

• Management investing £140,000 pari passu with 

• No Directors or promoters privileges - Directors 
rewards only performance related after shares 

have increased by 61 % 

• Tax Relief available in both 1985/86 & 1986/ 7 
- • Loan Facilities available 

Sponsored by 

To obtain a Prospectus please complete coupon and send to: 
Robert Fraser & Partners Limited 
29 Albemarle Street, London W1X3FA 
or Phone: 01-200 0200 (24hrs 7days) ^ 



Robert Fraser 
& Partners 

Licensed Dealer in Securities 77 

Ths advertisement is not in invitation to purchase shares. 


FIXED TERM DEPOSITS, £50,000 minimum 

Jk j% PAID 

16 . 7 % p.a. gross 

Under £10X)00 12% p-a. Neg. 

Over £10.000 12Vi% Neg. 

HIGH YIELD ACCOUNT. £500 minimum 

12 %% p.a., NEG 

Deposits are secured. Rates are fixed. 

Interest is paid annually, half yearly or monthly. For full 
details simply send this advert’ with your name and 
address written on it. 

Enquiries from brokers, finan cial advisers, pension fund 
managers etc. etc. axe welcome. 


91 Msranginm Use, ' Esta tested 1972 

Bradford 1, West Ysitsfors 

Plow ( 0274 } 365807 « Amtfhute (02741 737540 


The art of 


The fuiWength portrait of Mis 
Anne Verelst by the feshion- 
able 18 ih-centurvr painter 
George Romney adorns the. 
cover of the catalogue pro- 
duced by Old Bond Street art 
dealers Colnaghi to highlight 
its current exhibition. The 
British Face, A View of Por- 
traiture 1625-1850. 

When Colnaghi featured the 
painting in its Country Life 
advertisement for the exhibi- 
tion, it was spotted by the 
picture's former owner, a wid- 
ow, who sold it through 
Sotheby's auction house in 
November 1984. 

Intrigued, she telephoned 
Colnaghi and was told, they 
were asking around £115,000 
— which astonished her be- 
cause it had realraed just 
£25.000 at auction 17 months 

‘A dealer may add 
at least 100%’ 

She saysTlf Colnaghi had 
put a price tag of £50,000 or 
even £75,000 on the paint- 
ing 1 would not have been 
surprised. I have bought and 
sold quite a lot of valuable 
things in my time and you 
expect a dealer to add at least 
lOO or 150 per cent to the 

“But a growth in value of 
350 per cent in just over a 
year must be on the way to a 
record. ! can’t help wondering 
if Sotheby's seriously under- 
valued the picture to Stan 

It is not, die points out a 
question of Romney suddenly 
becoming staggeringly fash- 
ionable — so how come the 
huge differential in price? -v. 

Colnaghi now appears to be 
asking even more money for 
the portrait since the previous 
owner made her inquiries. 
When I went along to 


Share in the profits of 

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America is more than just another 
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Don't miss out on the editing 
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the very home of free enterprise - by 
investing in the Eagle Star North American 

Have You Made BigC\ 
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If you had invested G.000 in our North * 

American Trust on 1st October 1985. your '■» 
holding would have a cash value now* of 

That's impressive growth. 

So, we’re celebrating. 

On behalf of all the people who invested 
in our North American Trust when it was 
launched, just over 5 months ago. And who vTT\ 
now find themselves much richer. 

To celebrate their success - and to make 
it even more worthwhile for you to join them 
nowand share in the continuing fortunes of 
our North American Trust, we are making a 
very special offer to people who invest £1 .000 
or more in It before 4th April. For details see 

•At Ilth March. 1086 

Note; We appreciate that 5 months is only a short period of time 
and of course past performance is nol necessarily a guide to the 
future. You must expect unii prices, and the income from them, to 
faff from lime to lime as weft as rise. 

The Trust's Objective 

The aim of this Trust is to achieve capital 
growth from a range of investments in North 
American companies. 

The Managers are able to invest in any of 
the 8,000 or more companies, whose shares 
are quoted in the United States or Canada. 

The strategy of the Managers is to 
identify the market sectors that they believe 
will achieve the best growth —and then to 
select the most promising companies within 
those sectors. 

All Eagle Star Unit Trusts are Rainbow 
Rated, according to their risk/reward 
potential. The North American Trust is rated 
Orange - Higher Risk. 

Excellent Prospects For 

At the start of this year, the Wall Street 
Journal reported; “Looking into 1986, many 
Wall Street professionals talk now about 
fastening their seat belts and enjoying the 
ride... The consensus (of economic 
forecasters) is for continuing growth 
for 1986 and possibly well beyond." 

That forecast has certainly been 
borne out so far - with the Dow Jones 
Index up 12.9% Iready this year. 

What's more, the recent drop in 
oil prices is good news for American 

exporters, as companies around the world are 
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better able to afford new machinery 
and computers. 

The prospects for the American market 
, continue to look excellent. 

How Tb Invest 

The North American Trust is available to 
everyone aged 18 or over. Simply decide how 
much you wish to invest (minimum £500) - 
then complete the application form and send 
it. with your cheque, to Eagle Star Group, 
(LC43). FREEPOST. Bath Road, Cheltenham, 
GL53 3BR. No stamp is needed. 

Now You Can Invest By 

Alternatively, dial 100. ask for FREEFONE 
EAGLE STAR and speak direct to our dealers. 
They will be pleased to take details^ 
of your investment there and then. “ 

You can also obtain further 
information about this (or any other) Eagle 
Star Unit Trust on this number. Our experts will 
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8 p.m. on weekdays and from 10 a.m. to 6p.m. 
at weekends. 


Price And Yield. Urn* unJIb* allocaiedal ihelmpq' pnu ru Una cm the 
daieol wow* orf worn appliMiwn Asagu*ie.itiet>ijjin«g'p«Ketf units m 
to Hidden Charas. Initial cost* 4*rneibu a ctageol 5% Iplusdiwnding 
adwvimeni o< 1 25p of I % wNcrievet is 4ie urvAer) uitich >s taken hnp 
account m the calculation ol Tw«hj" and 'selling' prices. Normalk, iheie »s a 
ftltViMeamcr between dieu? pares Ong*ogcp4rsdflfnwtvachaige. 
cunemlvl».|piiisVATIayedi |iheTruwDe«ia#owsama'»m , iumo(3*). 
deducted from to* Trus« smeome 

Income. As to* aHnol thn Tiusi Is ihe maranum possible graMti . all mcoot* 
will auromaricdl^ be n*inu*wed fn fhe Trust on your hehall. 

Following The PwgTMS 01 Vbur Investment. We will send you a Contrail 
hotewMhTn7dausandaUntlCenilicaiei&ualivwithtri2Sdavs Sotoolton* 
urfl state ike number ol units you Kaue bought . Unn tmees aie shomi mThe 
Times and the Financwf Times. 

Capital Galas Ijk TS? uiwinrt >isefl b notsubicct lo capital gams ia» and 
uben you sell uour units . you unll txN haw 10 pay this ia» . unless uout Midi 
iea«s*?d gams «i it* la. gear eaceed ihe laa-tee threshold, which Is cwtcnriu 
SbP 00 

Inco m e Ton- Trial die basic ta>e is deducted from (he Tutsi's ncome. bcHote 
n -s remuesied tat you by die managers. II you ate not table 10 6*JC raw fa*, 
you can todaim the amount deducted. H you oniv pay ia*di the base race. 
youw*llMvenohiTiterrd*«Qpac HycxjaiedfnghetrareiaxpayeT. you 
have icpau (he adcbnonal >aie ol lax on n . 

Tramr. MajUnd Sank Trust Company Limned. 

Managers: Eagle Star Unii Managers unwed. Registered i 
Oriice I. Tiwadne«#c Street. LowwECZRSfiE. 

R«^ isl tor The Rffrfl Bank ol Scotland Pie . 



<f you uTvesf 0.000 or mon? m the Eagle 5<ar 
North American Trusi before April 4rh. APPLY TO DAY. 


V Eagle Star Unit Hwanrts. Landed (LG43) 
FREETOST. Bath Road. UKhenham. Gins G1533BR 


„ Imrontm tjOOj 

«n Eaqle Star Not* American Trust. A cheque mode payable io 

Eagle Sw Unu Managers is enclosed. 



I m We are over (8 years d age 

li die hoiduws a to to be m Knot names . please g<w hi II tunes and 
addiesses auto other pnm hokJetMirvmmuinoi Jlo*» a separate 
shm ol paper 


Name and address Ol Financial Adisser Ml any) 

Eagle Swr Unit Managers Limited 
dvsc. Bath Road. Cheltenham, GiosGlS3 7LQ. 
i onu w tdin tin, a d i cn t x pn m >s hud ion Eagle Saar's 
unden t m dfa gdceriwa l»md II iWrs e m e prattl er. 

Mp< arable to lestdenHPl Hue 


The Ronmey portrait of Anne Verelst, now priced at £125,900 

Colnaghi last week I was told 
the asking {nice was about 
£125.000 for what the dealers 
(and the art critics who re- 
viewed the exhibition) consid- 
ered to be one of Romney's, 
roost important works. . 

“I can't help feeling that the 
reserve price of £25,000 
advised by Sotheby’s may 
have been too low ” she says, 
“Naturally. I am mad about it 
After alL you pay the auction, 
house for «s expertise on these 
matters. After deductions for 
commission and advertising I 
received a total of £21*415.” • 

Fiona Ford of Sotheby's 
says: ‘The portrait came up for 
sale in one of our two major 
annual auctions. Sotheby's es- 
timated its value at something 
between £25,000 and 
£40,000 and it only reached 
the reserve price. The painting 
was given maximum exposure 
with two pages in the cata- 

'Yes, it must be maddening 
for the previous owner to see 
the price tag put on it by 
Colnaghi, but these things are 
really not that uncommon. 

“The other Romneys in the 
auction went for less than the 
Anne Verelst portrait. It is 
also a very large painting, 
which always limits the num- 
ber of buyers." 

Fiona Ford points out that 
Colnaghi. which appears to 
have bought the painting at 
the Sotheby’s auction in No- 
vember 1984, has had to . 
finance it and look after it 
without yet seeing any return 
on its money. . 

She says: “It appears that 
Colnaghi has not actually sold 
ihe pamting. If that's the price 
it thinks it can get* then good 
luck. The fact is that a work of 
art, is only worth what some- 
one is prepared to pay for it 
and there is no guarantee how 
tong Colnaghi will have to 
wait to get that price, or 
indeed if it ever wflL 
‘ ** The price realized in the 
auction room is still the 
ultimate test of wbal some- 
thing is worth." 

True, but this is not much 
comfort to our reader* or 
anyone else who sees the art 
-market as a/ form of invest- 
ment as weO as a source of 

“It has rather shaken my 
faith in the auction houses. 

“r anrgotag to have to.seS 
some other things that my 
husband and Ibougfat over the 

A year’s 

Mortgage advisers Chase de 
Vere are offering diems the 
opportunity to. win the cash 
equivalent of one year's mort- 
gage repayments on a loan 19 
to £30,000 if they take out a 
new mortgage or a remortgage 
through Chase de Vere before 
December 31. The winner will 
be drawn out of a hat at the end 
of the year. ' 

To qualify yeH have to 
register with Chase de Vere 
before the end jof -March. If 
you refinance before the end of 

Instant access 


* '**^&gP*&* 

No other major 
Building Society 
can offer you this 
combination of extra 
interest and no- * 

So if you've £10,000 or more to invest you'll 
do very well with the Skipton. You'll get almost 
3ri- extra interest (9.90'J - gross equivalent 
14.14'* *) and a genuine no-strings access to the 
whole of your capital balance. So you can pay 
in or withdraw all your money, whenever you 
like, without notice and without penalty If 
your investment is below £10,000, the following 
rates apply:- 


Monthly: interest is 

available at 9 , 25 ^, 

paid direct to your, 
bank, on balances 
-1 of £2,500 or more. 



0.000 OR MORE 


9 70S 


£500 OR MORE 


vet? i-c-i m un\ «<w. ur\ 


its easy to open a Sovereign. account. Siraplv 
call at. your nearest Skipton branch or ju*t 
Freepost your cheque with the coupon. From 
then on you can pay in or withdraw fav *>os f 
wh enever yo u ~ 

5KJPTON Sovereign 


rttaA: use H.KK CdpiLtU Tkli u ivw 

- 1 AVe taifh hi iipen J Snrrwjm Accent an d end ftH . j 

Bunding Society 


InfcTtrM pud jnnuaEH RiM* and hm taruHe. 

■ Fur tusu riK- u. pa vri 


yean because I need the 
money and I recently asked 
another auction bouse for a 
valuation of a rather beautiful 
sideboard. > 

“The auction house =■ esti- 
mated its value ai £2iOOO. 
Then, when I went to a 
London antique dealer and 
expressed an interest m buy- 
ing this kind of sideboard I 
was informed that £ would 
have to pay at least £10,000. 

“The question is Where do 
I go to get a good price for 
tiring? I think any other 
readers in my position would 
be well advised to get valua- 
tions from at least two^oction 
houses before putting any- 
thing on the market. Either 
thaL or ask a gallery 10 sell u 
on commission if you can 
afford to wail for your 
money. 1 " ■' v-“ - 

Maggie Drummond 

the year your name wfll be 
formally entered for the draw. 

_ Ob*ioasly, this is an exer- 
cise in getting names and 
addresses by Chase de Vere 
but, on the other hand, if you 
are thinking of moving house 
anyway it -amid be worthwhile 
registering as Chase de Vere 
does have some competitive 
mortgages available at I2£ to 
12.875 per cent. 

Foil details from Chase de 
Vere, 125 Pall Mali, London 
SWIY 5EA (01-930 7242). 

i.Mi» US) i>Vip*r AiiHinti 

and endiiMf j ihrxp'i,. 

Itn £ 

Cheque^ -lumU 

- Hew M.rui me nw As.ii;, . 

WNfE . ‘ ' 

ADORED ~ • • 


— rosTCoet: 

^irrox BuujRC svTm. 

FREErL»>1 >MP :ov . v«1 H [St 

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Invms at our highly pop*** - 
Tnple Boom Bond 

(3rd ofWS yt» 
mweomert d»«d»d *° 
iscurao guOTCPtfld ow . 
year tecum of net on 

your occounf one or 

theb^gefl^ootomood • 

the botencc «wM*d «■ a 
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8(Mnnrfon Number. 

0272 - 276954 

»'!'? JO ■ U?JlJ 

wiags and moving 
n^thestraighiforwarrl ea- 
leisure fields 

mcoseOrngfinandal packages. 

• -w"WiUMio»|. 

?» <* ge to begin with and 
Amencan Express’s year, 
roand travel packagr is un- 
doowttfly one of the ^*t if 
not tbebea on offer. 

Are latest promotion 
Bom American Express is a 
different kettle of fish. The 
C&rdntember Income Protec- 
tion plan is a sickness benefit 
policy aimed at the self- 
employed to provide income 
during periods of illness. 

Tfic company is marketing 
this pbm with typical Ameri- 
can panache. “It is bard to 
think of a better way of 
jtttffc rangywiEself against the 
fi na ncia l effects of an accident 
: or iUness»” says the brochure 
which gpesootto cardholders. 

. At first sight this seems true 
enough.' The scheme has a 
number ofattractive features, 
such as not making women 
. pay higher rates than men — 
the industry norm 
. Cover is also cheap. For 
every £100 worth of monthly 
income required, a cardholder 
between the ages of 41 and 45 
would have to pay just £L50 a 
month. - 

The BMitiiiiimy amount of 
cover is £L500 a month or 
half your gross monthly in- 
come, whichever is the small- 
er. But this scheme, and other 
short-term sickness insurance 
designed to protect income, 
certainly does have its draw- 
backs. Is fact, rather than 
doing nicely, unless you are 
careful you might find it win 

The new plan provides in- 
come after 30 days of disable- 
ment and then the monthly 
sum insured will be. raid for 
up to 12 months. After that 
the cover terminates. This is 
crucially di ffe rent from a per- 
manent health policy. 

“1 would dispute the asser- 
tion that short-term sickness 
and accident cover is at all 
comparable .with p g rmmynt 
health .cover,” ..says Tony 
Segaher of Friends’ Provident 
“The essential features of 
permanent, health cover are 
that it continues after disable- 
ment for as tong as the 
specified ceasing age. and 
secondly that the insurance 
company carft tuna round and 

Patients who really 
stand to lose 

cancel after a period of ume. 
Permanent ^health cover is 
permanent. - 

Another industry spokes- 
man describes insuring 
against sickness as^lbe peace 
remind business. If you want 
complete peace of mind yon 
don’t just insure short term.” 

But surely a year is loi» 
enough? A 1 2- month lay-off 
might seem to be sufficient to 
protect in the majority of 
rases. Proving that, however, 
is not easy. 

Frank Martin in a m em b e r 
of, the of the PHI subcommit- 
tee for the depressingly tidal 
Continuous Mortality Investi- 
gation. “That - information 
isn't available,” he says. “But 
what I can say is that, roughly 
speaking, one in five people 
who are sick enough to want 
income protection after defer- 
ring their daim for 13 weeks 
win still want cover after a 

And it is those who still 
■wiwre cover after a year who 
really stand to lose out if they 
take oin short-term covex and 
rely on it for income protec- 
tion. After your year of pay- 
ments has ran out you ma y 
find yourself still sick and 
unable to obtain further cover... 

Who would blame an insur- 
ance company for not wishing 
to u ndert ake the charitable, 
b ut un profitable business of 
msuring the already sick, 
against sickness? “We’d have 
to judge each case on its 
merits. Perh ap s we’d take an 
someone who had daimwi on 
a short-term policy for some- 
thing like a badly broken leg 
which is now healed,” says 
Peter Brading of Sun- Allianz 
“But we'd love to draw the 
line somewhere. If you think 
you need benefit, yciu need it 
for the rest of your life.” 

He adds that the number of 
people who were sick enough 
to want, to daim after two 
months’ illness and who still 
required cover after a year's 
payment was “pretty high”. 

Michael Aula of Guardian 
Royal Exchange says his com- 
pany almost certainly would 
not renew a short-term policy 
where a daim had been made, 
and admits that a short-term 
claimant is going to find it 
very dificult to get long-term 
permanent health insurance. 
His answer is to train sales 
staff to identify what consum- 
ers really need. “Know what 
you purchase, and youTl get 
what you pay for.” 

American Express admits h 
"should with hindsight have 
emphasized the short-term na- 

YouKt-mys me me 

S IS OVT-Of'DKVE. . . * 


tune of the policy". According 
to Janet Brady, public rela- 
tions director, “it's not meant 
to replace long-term cover". 
Yet the promotional material 
speaks for itsd£ “This is the 
vitally important difference 
between the Plan and many 
long-term health insurance 
pohdes...the fact that the 
qualification period is so re- 

Good Idea for the 

markably short - just 30 

Thirty days' deferment be- 
fore benefit is paid is quite 
normal in short-term policies. 
Surely it would be fairer to say 
that the crucial difference 
between short-term and long- 
term cover is the limit on the 
payment of benefits — with all 
the difficulties that might 
create for a person who con- 

tracts a long-term illness or 

This plan, and others like it 
are perfectly good, provided 
they meet a recognized need. 
It may be a good idea to have 
both sorts of health cover — 
especially if you are self- , 
employed. You could have the * 
short-term cover because ii is 
cheap — and proper long-term 
permanent health cover with a 
12-month . deferment before 
benefits were paid. This would 
thencome Into action once the , 
short-term policy benefits had 
been exhausted — and the 12- 
mouth deferment would dra- 
matically reduce premiums on 
the PHI policy. 

If you- are having difficulty 
in deciding what your needs 
really are, the answer must be 
to consult an insurance bro- 
ker. who should be a member 
of the British Insurance 
Brokers' Association. 

Lorna Bonrke 

99% of 

personal pension 
policies mil cost 
you dearly. 

one that won’t. 

How Regency will fix it 

If the .Chancellor really is 
going to cat interest rates in 
his Budget, now is die rim* to 
move into fixed interest invest- 
ments. One. of the most 
attactfve on offer at the mo- 
ment is from the Regency 
BmkUng Society, which is 
offering a 12-month bond at 
the fixed rate oflO per cent net 
of basic rate tax. 

U nlike most other buOding 
society investments, the Re- 
gency bond interest rate is 
guaranteed and will not flneto- 
. ate. The minim am investment 
is only £500^ 

Full details from Regency 
Building Society, Sussex 
House, 130 Western Road, 
Hove, Sussex BN3 IDS 
(Brighton 724555). 

dass investment. But you may have to pay a high price to 
meet the insurance company's costs or commission ro an 

. Some will cut your investment by as much as 50% in 
th chest-year, or even in the first two years. 

Others will apply the first year or rwo years’ 
contributions to 'ininal* or so called ‘capital* units which 
bear high charges year-on-year. 

If you increase your contributions, rhen rhe same 
charging process is applied to the extra money you have 
decided to pav. 

But unlike die others. The Equirable has no policy 
charges, no ‘miriaP units, and no 'capital’ units to eat into 
your investment. 

Whart more The Equitable offers additional bonus 
units ro those who save at least £5003 year. 

And our management charges on the underlying 
investment funds are commendabh low. 

So with The Equitable your money has a head st jrt. 
Couple it with high tax relief and our investment record - 
and you have the most attractive route to financial security 
in retirement. 

One of the reasons our pension policies do not cost 
you dearly is that we do nor pay commission. So please 
contact us direct on 01-606 66 1 1 or send the coupon. 

To: The Equiuble Life. FREEPOST. 4 Oltmui Srreet, London EC2B 2 IT. 
rdivekomr hirrtier details o«i The £q unable's unu-l inked rrt i mrirm plans. 
□ I am selt-emploved: □ 1 am an employee not in a Lompanv pension 
scheme: □! warn totopup benetiu from my compant ', pension scheme. 


Name (MrMrVMm) 


Dare of Birth 

Tel: lOlhce) 
Tel: (Homey 

B _ rounded I | 

I The Equitable Life I 

L _ —You gain because we’re different.— _ J 

are not 


Iohn Gittings, Touche Remnant, Sunday Telegraph, I 

John Gittings, Touche Remnant, Sunday Telegraph, December ’85. 

It just comes naturally. 

Which must account for our being voted: 

Specialist Fund Management Group of the Year. 

What Investment, March ’86. 



Smaller Unit Trust Group of 1985. 

Best UK General Trust. 

The Sunday Telegraph, December ’85. 

Money Observer, February ’86. 

Unit Trust Managers of the Year, 2nd prize. 

Money Magazine, December ’85. 

Incidentally, our managing director^ sentence 
ended “...just be a consistently good unit trust group.” 

It seems we’re as good as his word. 

To find out more about us, ask your financial 
adviser, or send in the coupon below. 

I To: Touche Remnant Unit Trust Management Limited. Mermaid House, J 

j 2 Puddle Dock, London EC4V 3AT. Tel: 01-236 6S65 or 01-248 1 250 (Dealing Only). | 

I Please send me/my financial adviser full details of your range of Unit Trusts, j 

I Name {Mr, Mrs, Miss) i 

* Address. — = — — . 

| - • .Fbstcode I 

| Financial Adviser (where applicable) — j 



< x. - I 

■|«i. Tlii- *»i nui-h Mutual A"uraiii < **« mi 
_ Iuhn Vimviii Nri , » , l.i*la'.j'iiw (ii* *»HN It*! «>41-24hrill!!l 
■ Fh cm >r »jii hji. ;< ■ •*'*.' oj’i- >i 'u!! i /• Unh >■’ i«{i^ 

I TAX tm: HALIFAX ffiAs/1 A FI M> 

ul'phnni n« 
\k< n-w 

Proiessional .\dvscr 

-I'latlMii h’* T:r- *:.t ul 





Scottish Mutual 

A member of the Unit Trust Association 





The proposed reform of the taxation of 
husband and wife, expected in the 
Budget, is unworkable and unfair to 
women, according to a panel of experts 
questioned by Taxation magazine. 

The Chancellor is proposing to re- 
place the married man's allowance with . 
a single personal allowance transferable 
between husband and wife if unused. 
This would give a married couple where 
the wife does not work two personal 
allowances instead of just the married 
man's allowance. 

“This would offer no privacy to wives 
with earnings or savings of their own. 
could be a major source of marital 
disharmony and would Jjsaw wp many 
women from re-entering employment 
after raising a family, ” was the conclu- 
sion of the Taxation experts. 

The proposed reforms are not likely to 
be popular with any except childless 
couples where the wife does notwork — 
hardly the most needy group. 'And they 

‘The unfair 
tax plan’ 

mil do nothing to help the fastest 
growing deprived sector of society — 
one-parent Carndjes. 

The original Green Paper on the 
taxation of bnstmnd and wife favoured 
freezing the married man’s allowance' 

gradually rise until troth are equal. The 
money saved could then be used to 
increase child benefit. Single-parents 
and families with children — those most 
in need of relief from the tax system — 
would be the major beneficiaries of such 
a change and it is the reform favoured by 
those organizations dealing with pover- 

^ Indeed, there is no argument 
leaving child benefit untaxed (provided 

it continues to be mud without deduction 
of tax to the mother). It could then be 
dramatically increased, at no extra cost, 
benefiting low earning families. / 

“If you are going to have separate 
taxation, that id itself means that the’ 
person who is being taxed does not have 
to tell anybody else what .his or her 
income is,” said Baroness Robson, one 
of Taxation's committee. “Under trans- 
ferable allowances the wife still won't 
know what the husband is earning but 
he will know what she is earning”. 

Transferable allowances would, the 
committee concluded, be a n ig ht m a r e to 
administer, p r ecip i t a ting a mass of 
claims for underpayment or repayment 
of tax at fee end of the year. Couples 
would not necessarily know for certain 
at the b eginning of each tax year how 
modi of their personal tax allowances a 
wife could use. 


The patient’s dilemma 

^ *1 "T «Lnf rtM (fthtlol'UniV! . 




and nftpQ rapid rha pgpg in prospects for international stodnnaikets. We are even more rie fi ghi e d 

fbzt ntrrVnrtfnfin M smx gfimmt Service is providing cnnsktent long term vahie. 

£10,000 invested in onr competition portfolio cm 4 January 1982, would 

have been worth £Xb303 cm the 1st January 1986. 

-t I 

: 1 

ff yon want 
to know bow 
Richards Longsteff 
Unit Trust Portfolio Management 
can achieve a winning 
in vestm ent performance for you, contact 
Mark Daniels (0272) 294313 

or post the coupon. , . . 

To: Rktaids LouRStnff Lid. Name |, /, 

Broad Quay House t/ T 1 

Broad Quay Address | \ *>' 

Bristol BSl 4DJ 

Please send me tufl details 
of your unit trust service. 


^Nxram) .Wnt&T rath' Soluaud AsfcVsrifiw of Srurify Dudmrmd hmbrrat Sfancgcrs I 

We are constantly being told 
to look for best buys for 
everything from lounge suites 
to life policies, umbrellas to 
unit mists. However, people 
wondered where consumer- 
ism was going to stop when a 
BUPA spokesman recently 
said; “The public has to shop 
around for medical fees for 
specialists such as surgeons 
and anaesthetists." 

There are about four mil- 
lion people subscribers to 
private medical insurance ana 
it is estimated that 60 per cent 
of those are in company or 
group schemes. , __ 

BUPA has 67 per cent of the 
market' share and as its 
spokesman commented: 
“BUPA has a significant role 
to play in the private medical 
industry, and other companies 
tend lo'follow our lead." 

However, in one important 
aspect of medical insurance, 
the majority of other compa- 
nies have not followed suit 
BUPA reimburses its mem- 
bers for fees for surgeons, 
anaesthetists, physicians and 
physiotherapy only up to cer- 
tain specified limits. 

This rule applies even 
though there is no overall 
maximum to the total benefits 
payable to every person in any 

Other companies such as 
PPP (Private Patients Plan) 
and WPA (Western Provident 
.Association) have no such 
limits on their maximum 
benefits for medical fees. 

BUPA is in a difficult 
position. It says: "As market 

leaders we have a responsibU- 
iiv not only to our members, 
but also to the whok P^vate 

medical industry- If JJ 

full refunds it would be infla- 
tionary. Wepay97 pvcentoT 
all claims full and most 
specialists." „ 

Eric Foxford, of Company 
Medical Insurance Consul- 
iants, based in Hendon, north 
London, agrees with BUPAs 
altitude; “BUPA s limits 
should be adequate and rf they 
were removed n would be like 
giving an open cheque book to 
the medical profession. I al- 
ready know of one London 
hospital where the daily room 
rare is £225. 

"If you ring up to book a 
room and you teR them that 
von are in a scheme which 
pays only £183. the hospital 
will waive the difference. If 
you are cm a *fulT refund 
scheme they will charge you 

‘After surgery I was 
not able to argue 9 

the full rate for exactly the 
same room. 

" There are a number of - 
consultants, particularly in 
London, who already do- 
charge more than the BUPA 

BUPA’s advice is to agree 
the fee with the. consultant in 
advance. If it is over the limit 
then you should shop around 
for another consultant. 

But one family doctor com- 
mented: "In practical terms it 
is difficult to recommend 
patients to numerous different 
consultants. Changing . a con- 
sultant that you have been 
seeing for several years is not 

that straightforward. 

- Similarly, if you need an 
emergency operation, bring 
wheeled to the operating the- 
atre is hardly the. time to ask 
whether the surgeon's fees arc 
covered.” - 

Stan White, personnel man- 
ager bf rlinguaphone. said: 
“We wot very pleased with 
the service that BUPA provid- 
ed. - 

" However, we haw recent- 
ly changed our company 

scheme from BUPA as I do 

not fed our employees should 
be expected to shop around.” 

A personal assistant, Kath- 
erine Buss, did follow BUPA’s 
ad vice and asked in advance 
what the fee would be. It fell 
within BUPA's limits. How- 
ever. the surgeon told her after 
the operation that it had been 
more serious and the fee had 
gone up. It was now over 
BUPA’s limit .. 

She said: “Two weeks after 
inajor suigery i was id no state 
to argue. I paid die d iffe re nc e 
out of my own money but as 
soon as l could I joined my 
employer's scheme wife PPP 
who offer a full refund." 

Unfortunately, BUPA ap- 
pears to bear fee burden of - 
monitoring fee ever-increas- 
ing fees of the medical profes- 

. BUPA does seem to bend 
oyer .backwards, to look, at 
individual cases and wifi con- 
tact consultants v^iere limits 
have been exceeded. Howev- 
er. unless BUPA can persuade 
the consultants to reduce the 
bifi. at the end of fee day 
members will still have to pay 
any excess. 

BUPA offers a discretionary 
benefit option to companies as 

Eac Foxfori A sari** 

an .extra feeflity. This wifi 
provide a foB refund for all 
bills but B available otrty . Mf 

companies wife 50 or *30*® 
employees and is daims-ccw- 
«J for costing. _L. 

As Mr Foxford comlhetfled: 
"I would oftly recommend tea 
company a medical aia«a «cc 
feat provided i full refund or 

discretionary benefit optten- 
By choosing' their medical 
insurance wisely, companies, 
in particular, oan obtain im- 
proved benefits and also save 
substantial sums . on premi- 
ums. - ' 

Mr Fbxford saved arouho 
£400 a vear for Tropical Plants 
and Displays Lid. of west 
London, by changing its insur- 
ance - and it had only five 
employees enrolled- A large 
national corporation recently 
reduced its medical insurance 
bUT by £45,000 by switching 
insurers. _ , 

- Mr Foxford says "Our uhi- 
. mate aim is. as far as possible, 
to retain a company’s existing 

arrangements and itntttBtc 

a better deaf for them. Chang- 
ing insurers is not always 

Susan Fiefebnan 



WPA Go. 
Uu picoiw r 

BCWA Extxs 


HaaBiHrat CnmWrltipa- . OUoa - MCACHC2 

Benefits: annual max 

No upper feTBT 




“ £40,000 

No upper fimit 

No upper famt 


. £40,000 

Specialist surgeon and 
opersnon and altereare 1 

Major* £881 
Major £538 
Intern. £306 
Minor rt 56 
Complex major 


round . 



Major* £740 
Major £575 
totems. £330 
Minor £170 

Major £500 
tateon. E300 
Minor £150 ■ 
Complex major 
£1.825 - 



Physicians fees (weeks) 






• . fWond ' ■. 

- •Retoxl* 



Spedafists toes tor 
consultations suet) 
as physiotherapy 

Up to £375 
par year tor 
each insured 






Up (O £359 


each insured 



'K*t*una'Whan*n*smttnm.1*liaVI*1orbalttaM9Bcm»aii m* a3at*isi i B0re*m<iup*»26"*** 


J. JU 


Framlington American & General Fund Gives 
Access to a Vast and Rewarding Market: 
North American Smaller Companies. 

A _£ 

» <fiC 

F ramlington American & General Fund 
aims for maximum capital growth 
through investment primarily in North 
American smaller companies. 

Smaller companies everywhere are an 
attractive area for investment, but in North 
America the vast choice of well -managed 
firms in an environment totally dedicated to 
growth gives a fund like Framlington American 
& General Fund a special edge. 


.The fund was formed in April 1978. Since 
then the American market as a whole, as 
reflected by the Standard & Poors Composite 
Index, has done well, rising 133 per cent. Large 
companies, as reflected by the Dow-Jones 
Industrial Average, have risen 104 per cent. 
' But .with . its emphasis on smaller companies 
Framlington American & General Fund has 
.risen no less than 380 per cent. Part of this 
success has' been- due to the exchange rate 
falling from S1.S1 to' 51.46, but even with 
this stripped out j the unit-price shows a rise of 
288 per cent. 

• The practical effect for the investor is that 
an original investment of £1.000 could have 
been sold on 7 March 1986 for £4.520. 

Planned Savings figures show that over the 
seven years to 1st March American & General 
Fund was one of the two best performing unit 
trusts investing in North American shares, 
turning £1,000 into £4.543. A £20 per month 
investment had grown- to £3,S75 for a total 
outlay of £1,680. 

As with Framlington Capital Tims tin Britain, 
American & General Fund’s performance has 
been achieved by carefully picking out smaller 
companies and then tending to stay with them. 
There is a special emphasis on regional stocks. 
We tend to be fully invested in a long list of 
shares (currently 257), and fully exposed to 
the dollar (although we are prepared to hedge 
if necessarv). Turnover in the fund is lower 

than average, keeping the dealing costs low, 
which helps performance. 

On 7 March the price of income units (with 
a small distribution every year) was 240.4p. 
Accumulation units (in which net income is 
. reinvested ) were 245. 6p. The estimated gross 
yield was 0.55 percent. 

You can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order. 
The minimum investment for a lump sum is 
£500. There is a discount of 1 per cent for 
investments of £10,000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you for your signature. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can 
go down as well as up. 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the registrars, 
Lloyds Bank Pic, normally within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units 
may be bought and sold daily Prices and yields will be 
published daily in leading newspapers. When units are 
sold back to the managers payment is normally made 
within 7 days of receipt of die renounced certificate. 
Savings plans can be cashed in at any time. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to 
holders of income units annually on 15 October 

The annual charge is 1% (+VAX1 of the value of 
the fund. The initial charge, which is included in the 
offer price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at 
the rate of 1V*% (plus VAT). Commission is not paid 
on savings plans. 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted fay 
Trust Deed, It ranks as a wider range security unclo- 
the Trustee Investments Act, 1961. The Trustee is 
Lloyds Bank Pic 

The managers are Framlington Unit Management 
Limited. 3 London Wall Buildings, Londoir 
EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 5181. Telex 8812599. 
Registered in England No 895241. Member of the 
Unit Trust Association. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic 



1 wish reinvest 


I wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 


in Framlington American & 
General Fund (minimum £500) 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. I am. over 18. For accumulation 
units m which income is reinvested, tick here Q 

in Framlington American & 
General Fund (minimum £20) 

I enclose my cheque for £ for my fust 

contribution litas cut be fora larger amount chan 
jour monthly payment). I am over 18. 

Surname ( Mr/Mrs/Miss/Title L 

Full first namelsL 



( Joint applicants should all sign and if eeccesscn 
gnv detail; sepanteh-l 


lt 1: ! 





Current account — no interest 

paid. Deposit accounts — seven 

days, notice required for 
withdrawals. Barclays 5.75 , 
Lloyds, Midland and NatWest 
aO 6.5 per cent: National 
Girobank 6.5 per cent Fixed 
term deposits £10,000- 
£24,999. 1 month 8.75 per cent 
3 months 8.25 per cent 6 
months 7.875 per cent( Rates 
from NatWest) Other banks 
may differ. 


Nat CHAR Telephone 

&S7 9.35 01 6386070 

825 aS7 01 6288060 


A&kan Hume 
monthly inc 
Highy Rate 

‘SoocKsSS 837 884 01628087 
£18000+ 862 690 

Cato AUenCal 897 £34 01 5882777 
Ottoenk Money 

MktPlus £05 £43 01 7 48325 1 
HFC Trust 7-day 890 699 01 2388331 

Money Uarfcel _ 

Cheque Acct £25 857 016385757 
Lloyds WCA 990 £31 016264688 

£2900- £9 ,999 897 996 016264588 
U&andMCA 875 £04 074220999 

NatWest High 
lowest Special 


to £9,999 887 9.17 01 7261000 

£10000+ 8.12 £44 


Money MoiTTt 
under £10.000 

S 6 P CaSa/c 
Schroder Wagg 
Money Fund 

10 £9.999 
ower 810,000 
Tuf etA 
T 4R7 day 
TyndaB 7 day 

Western trust 

1 raorrtn 878 £14 0752281101. 

CNAfl - Compo u nded Net Annuel Rale. 

Figures are the taiaet erasable at toe time 

of going to press. 

National Savings Bonk 
Ordinary accounts — If a mini- 
mum balance of £100 main- 
tained for whole of 1986, 6 per 
cent interest p.a. for each 

9.08 £38 01 2369362 
9.16 9.48 

875 9J4 070868968 

897 936 0705BZ7733 

8.16 £65 

9.73 1033 01 2360952 
£67 9.96 

£15 £47 0272732241 
93 931 

9.16 £47 018264691 

complete month in wttich bal- 

ance is over £500, otherwise 3 
per cent Investment Account — 

11.5 per cent interest paid 
without deduction of tax, one 
months notice of withdrawal, 
maximum investment £50,000. 

National Savings Income Bond 
Min. investment £2,000 — max. 

£50,000. Interest — 12 per cent 

variable at six weeks notice 

paid monthly without deduction 

of tax. Repayment at 3 months’ 

National Savings Indexed lu- 
coroe Bond . 

Start rate monthly income for 

first year, 8 per cent, increased 

at end of each year to match 

increase m prices as measured 

by Retail Prices Index. Cash. 

value remains the swne. in- 
come taxable, paid moss. 
Three months notice of with- 
drawal. Minimum investment 
£5J300, to multiples of £1,000. 
maximum £50,000. - 

National Savings 3rd Index- 
finked Certificates 
Maximum Investment £5,000, 
excluding hokfings of other 
issues. Return tax-free and 
linked to changes in the Retail 

Price Index. Supple mentof 2.5 

per cent to the first yean 2.75 

cent to the second year, 

i per cent in the third yean 4 

per cent to the fourth year and 

5.25 per cent in the fifth year. 
Value of Retirement Issue . 
Certificates purchased to 
March 1981, £151.30 indud- 

_ musand __ 

February RPI 
(The new RPI figure is not 
announced unfit the third 
week of the following month) 

National Savings 
C e r tificate s 

31 st Issue.. Return totally free of 

income and capital gams tax, 

equivalent to an annual interest 

rate over the five-year term of 
7.85 per cent, maximum invest- 
ment £5,000. 

National Savings Deposit 

Minimum investment £100 
maximum £50.000. Interest 12 

per cent variable at six weeks 

notice, created annuafiy wife- 

out deduction of tax. Repay- 

ment at three months notice. 
Half interest only paid on bonds 

repaid during first year. 

G uarante ed Income Bonds > 

Return paid net of basic rate 

tax. higher rats taxpayers may 

have a further liability on ma- 

turity. 123 and 4 Years — 
Genera] Portfolio — 9,0% . 5 

ysars — New Direction Finance 


■+Z- * • 

Local Authority Town Hri 

Fixed term, fixed rate invest- 
ments, interest quoted gross 
(basic rate tax deducted at 
source redahnatte by non- 
taxpayars unt3 April 1985 when 
CRT becomes payable). 1 year 
- Neath - 10.5% . 2 and 3 
: years — KirWees — 1 1% ,4,5,6, 7 
and 8 years- Worthing 10.75%. 
9 and 10 years - West York- 
shire'- 10.5%. Minimum invest- 
ment in each — £500. 

Furfter details available from 

Chartered Institute of Public. 

Finance and Accountancy, 
Loans Bureau (01-638 6361 
between 10am and 2U30pm) 
see also Prestei no 24808. 

Bufcfing Societies 
Ordinary share accounts - 7.00 
per cent Extra interest ac- 
counts usually pay 1 to 2 per 
center more over the ordjnary 

share rate. Rates quoted above 

are those most commonly of- 

fered. individual building soci- 
eties may quote different rates, 
interest oq bQ accounts paod net 
of basic rate tax. Not reclaim- 
ame by non-taxpayers. 

Foreign Currency Deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschild's 
Old Court Util. -Reserves 0481 
26741 seven days notice is 
: required for withdrawal and no 

charge is made for switching 


1.8B per cent 
6.94 per cent 
5.16 per cent 
372 per cent 
11.42 per con 
299 per cant 

US dollar 
French Franc 
Swiss Franc 

This advertisement does not constitute an invitation to subscribe for shares 

Williams deBroe 

Event Group pic 

Offer for subscription of 800,000 ordinary shares at £1 each 

A retei'er of quality shoes, selling under the names "Event" and 
Duo , and of clothing under. "Benetton" franchises qurrentlv trad™ 
from 1 1 shops. Pre-tax profit projection of £308,000 for current year 9 

Funds, to be utilisedin a meaningful expansion in the number of retail 
shops in an established and profitable group with substantial patent. 

An investment in REAL Business Expansion 

Copies of the BES prospectus can be obtained from: 


3 :./. 


^ j J 

finance and industry 

41 1 

family money/ii 

Number 50 gets his cash 

1“ Signal 

Life*. the Gibnhar* based in- 

wmgerampanyj««ch feiled 

jfimX Jos juct been success- 

f0 L? raeovenng his hivesi- 

: 01581 «*» broker who 

"“awnnenaed. Signal Life. 

Investors’ Action Group). 

‘‘AJJAwe people who have 
,! ” «« bottle to take their 
bracer to court have been 

b recovering not 
nisi iKmi- \ : 

. „ — j investment, 

.'AS T? g* costs too." 
repms John Potter, the inde- 
fatigable co-ordinator of 

■ About 14 brokers, many of 
them registered with the In- 
surance Brokers? Registration 
Council (IBRC)and member s 
Of BIBA (British tnoiraT^ 
Brokers’ Association), have 
nowcompensated their clients 
for putting them into the gQt 
bonds issues by Signal Life. 

.Investors have be e n win- 
ning their court actions in 
many cases because the bro- 

kers failed to check whether 
we ®it bond fund, ran by 
Signal Life, had a trustee. It 
aid not, and as a result no 
reputable broker should ever 
nave promoted Signal Life’s 

Many did, however, in or- 
der to earn the higher than 
usual commission paid by the 
uisurance company, which 
subsequently collapsed. 

. But if 50 Signal 1-ift inves- 
tors haye been compensated, 
there are still abotfr 300 who 
have still received not • a 
penny. Many of the brokers 
have professional indemnity 
insurance which should pay 
out if it . is proved that they 
have been negligent. 

But they are hiding behind 
this, Mr Potter claims; as an 
excuse for not paying compen- 

. “They are saying that the Pr 
insurers are refusing to agree 
to how long any might 
take, which means they can- 
not get to court," explains Mr 

Of the £1.5 tnilliqn owing to 

investors in the Sima! Life 
Gilt Bond, about £150,000 has 
now been recovered by 

"But we have another fifty 
cases , at least on the go, 
confirms Mr Potter. 

“The most depressing as- 
pect of the whole affair is that 
the IBRC and BIBA have been 
absolutely useless. 

" And if die public thinks 
that membership of these 
organizations is any protec- 
tion for them, they are wrong. 
They have done nothing." 

BIBA and the IBRC have 
both mounted publicity cam- 
paigns over the years aimed at 
convincing the public that it is 
better to go to a registered 
broker or a member of BIBA 
rather than, trusting your af- 
fairs to the "unregulated" 
financial adviser. 

In the event, this does not 
seem to have been much 
protection for Signal Life in- 

JLoma Bonrke 

’ sip. 




Guinness Mahon & Co, Limited 

The Merchant Bank responsible for the largest 
BES Company in 1984/5 






TOTAL OVER £8,000,000 

Both offers have been extended until further notice 

Shares will be allocated and certificates posted on 
Monday 17th March in respect of all valid applications 
received by 3.00 p.m. on that day. 

Applications received on or after Tuesday 
1 8th March 1986 will be considered in the light of 
the Budget statement 

For further information, phone Guinness Mahon on 
(01 ) 623 9333 - 24 hour service. 

Thisadvertisem^ctoesrKrtconstit^ an Invitation to subscribe for shares. 


He r s likely to be 
one of the main 
beneficiaries of 
your will. 

And he isn't even In it. 

If your estate, including your house, is valued at 
£120,000 or more, one of the main beneficiaries of your will 
s likely to be the taxman. 

Unless, that is, you take steps to put your estate out 
°f his rea ^ e London Life Family Inheritance Trust helps 

you to do just that. Indeed, to do more than that. As well 

as minimizing the potentially ruinous effects of Capital 
■fansferTbx, it provWes you with a regular tax-free income, 
whilst at all times allowing you access to your capital. 
On top of this, there are the additional benefits 

of choosing London Life. ■ 

Ptotablythelactthat we do not pay commission 
to middlemen, so your money goes where it ought to: 
into the tost (It sounds B<e common sense, but it's far 
from common practice). 

And as we have over 175 years experience andone 
I of the best investment records in the business, you can 
!abo be sure that your money is going into very good hands. 

If you’d like to know more about the Family 
Inheritance Trust, fill in and return the c oupon below 



Date of Birth. 

- AreyouaLomfonLifepoficyhOf^ 

1 toQ Ttenpfe Street. Bristol BS 1 6 Y 1 ■*“*■*■ 

1 would Krtol lenowmof* aboutThe^ London 

| UteFar^W«frtanceTmsL • 


Yes/No? -DeWrMmtuUc 

TeL Nor Business. 

I — — ^^^J^^J^^^yij^onOaOO-TITIII-fteeofchaiy-totfccusiyourrwiuifementspeiSOfaDjt^^J 



London Life 


Merchants Trust 


Highlights of the year 

• (unaudited results for the year ended 31st January 1986) 

Net earnings per ordinary share 3.79p +24.7% 
Dividend, per ordinary share 3.75p +25.0% 

Net asset value per ordinary share !34.0p +10. 1% 

. . Dividend Forecast 

Present indications suggest that the Board will 
recommend an increase in total dividend of 15°/o 
for the current year making a total dividend of 
approximately 43p. 

Investment Objective 

The company's investment policy is primarily to 
provide an above average level of income and 
income growth, together with long term growth 
of capital. The intention is to maintain a 
diversified worldwide portfolio in which recovery 
situations and the use of gearing will be given 
special emphasis. 




For a copy of the 1986 Report and Accounts available in 
April, please write to The Secretary, 

20 Fenchurch Street, London EC3P 3DB 

*aitc^ A member of the Association of Investment Trust Companies. 


There are now over 700 authorised Unit Trusts available. Our expertise, 
knowledge of markets & research facilities can assist m achieving the 
returns you require. We shall be pleased to provide you with our current 
investment recommendation without 'charge. 


Unit Trust Advisory Service 
Embassy House. Queens Ave 
Qtflon. Braid BS8 1S8 
Licences dealers m sectsftes 
Members ot NA50M 
bitamaicn teQuied INCOME 



T 1 2 




Offer for Subscription under 


jointly sponsored by 

Mercia Venture Capital Limited 


Smith Keen Cutler 

of up to 800,000 Ordinary Shares of £1 each at 
£2.50 per share, payable in full on application. 

Birmingham Executive Airways: 

$ already has traded for 3 years showing continuing substantial increase 
in number of passengers and revenue growth 

% operates twice daily from Birmingham to Copenhagen, Geneva, Milan 
and Zurich 

# has been awarded route development grants of Cl. 8m forflightsto 
Amsterdam, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt and Stuttgart subjeetto an increase 
in the equity base - 

$ is raising £380,000 by a Rights Issue to existing Shareholders 

Fora copy of the prospectus, post this coupon ortefephone Norman Rowland, 
Smith Keen Cutler on 021-643 9977 during usual business hours. 

To: Smith Keen Cutler, Exchange Buildings, Stephenson Place, 

Birmingham B 2 4 NN. 

Please send me the Birmingham Executive Airways PLC Offer for Subscription. 

Surname (Mr/Mrs/Miss) Initiate 


Telephone Number. 


, does not 
an offer to 
subscribe for 












urope was a great success 
storv for unit trust investors in 
1985. Share prices rose rapidly 
on the major European stock- 
markets. Prices of European unit 
mists rose with them. .And all the 
economic indicators suggest chat this 
trend will continue. 

Investing in stability plus . . . 

The new Britannia European 
Growth Trust aims for capital 
growth from a broad based portfolio 
of European shares, giving you an 
ideal opportunity to take a stake in 
this booming investment secror. 
Britannia’s investment managers are 
concentrating on the countries that 
combine political stability and a 
sound curreocv with a record of 

dynamic stockmarket growth: 
Germany, up 71% in 1985, 
Switzerland up 52%, France up 
45%, Holland up 40%. These 
stockmarkets offer a wide scope for 
profitable investment in both blue- 
chip and selected smaller companies. 

Don't miss die boat. Don’t remain 

The leading European economies 
are characterised by strong economic 
growth, low inflation and the 
prospect of tailing interest rates. 
Although last year saw excellent 
returns from European unit trusts, 
there is virtual unanimity amongst 
financial commentators and invest- 
ment advisers alike that Europe re- 
mains an area of outstanding growth 
potential for 1986 and beyond. 

Surprisingly, however, only a small 
number of unit trust holders have any 
investments in Europe. Make sure 
you achieve vour stake in Europe by 
investing today in the new Britannia 
European Growth Trust 
Invest now for up to 2% discount 
Simplv complete the application 
form below, or call our Unit Trust 
Dealers on 01-638 0478. 

The estimated gross starring yield on 
die launch price of 50p per unit is 
1.5% p.a. 

Rem e mber, the price of units and the 
income from them can go down as 
well as up. 

Take advantage of our launch offer 
and discount (see below) and of 
Europe’s continuing prospects for 

General Information for Investors. 
Adncwfedgemem will be seat and ceniaaHs issued 
u-Thm 3» daw L'rtn prices and yield arc published 
dalr in badnuj naocnil newspa p e rs . L'ncs cm be 
sold badt to the Manwns at no» less dun the eunen 
bid poor okulated to a n.umula approved by the 
DepuonevofTade and Lidustn . 

.\n innxd manatrctTBit chrpe ot'S^ 0 d cn 6e fses 
icqtnvaknr ro 5" o ot (he esuc pncc> tstnduded m the 
pne ot unis and i service da^cataa annual tateof 
VAT’Ofihe valurol me Trust sdeduaed 
from the Trus s cross ccm. ahhoogh die Trust 
Rrd aBrwt a maxi mum annual dans of 2^« 
{+ VAT). 

and m second mutes m ri m the euddns bid 
down by die Depan n ien i « Trade ana Industry. 

The Trisa's name dncibunoa date is Is Apd in 
respect «’ the period endme IstTdjnarv. The nnt 
dsxibuoonssaicdutedibr 1st ApnL 1%T. 
Ren umnno n & payabk to tpahnfd ina u mr daH^c 
and cars arc available on request. Trace Midland 
Bank Trust tlntr mn v LcnmL in Old Broal 
Suer. London ECLM 1AQ. NLara^ns: B c uj ci nu 
I'ng Tnw Manatyis Lanced Tefcphoee i'!-aS8 

2“. Rq^oad Office S' Crteian Stsea. London 
ECZR5AD. MembeiotTnc LnnTius Aaocaaon 

I 1 

The New Britannia European Growth Trust 

To: BRITANNIA UNIT TRUST MANAGERS LIMITED 74,-8 Finsbury Pavement, London EC2A 1 JD 


. (minimum Li the Samatne 

l I Wcu-eiitoinveuL _ . 

• Bremna Europein Growth Trust at the Fused Pnct Offer of 50 p 
I per but and eUtm the speoal branch decnurn. as apyiropmx. A 

( cheque s endued payable to Britannia Unit Trust Managers 

| • 1 °/. Discount for investment of £ 500 up » £* 399 . 
j • 2 % Discount far mvestroem of £SjXWaodabove- 

I I'Wcirn arcnvrr 1 8 and understand that mv our ippioo-an must 
j arrirc by dosing dare »hr rheoffo, Friday 21 a March. 1 Wi. 

I Regular Mamitiv Savings Plan 
1 Pleas*- tic L bav ror infurmanon l_ . 

| itl? minimuin inv»tment per month). l_l 
' TnaatKTBnouvailabletcnQtdansoffdie. 


Firs Names 







Please DCk boxo youare-a cu^ang Bnannia ^ithokkr. D ] 



•'U- 5 ' ? | fXab 










For all those divorced couples 
who constantly battle with the 
intricaries of tax and mainte- 
nance payments, the inland 
Revenue is coming to the 

From April 6 larger mainte- 
nance payments can be made 
without income tax being 
deducted by the payer. This is 
because the Government has 
decided for the first time since 
1982 to increase substantially 
the limits for “small mainte- 
nance payments". 

Small maintenance pay- 
ments are weekly or monthly 
payments under a UK court 
order made 

• by one former spouse to 
another, or , _ 

i • to any person under 21 for 
his or her benefit, mainte- 
nance or education, or 
| • to any person for the 
I benefit, maintenance of edu 

Cash-flow benefits 
for some women 



If you are one of the 1.6 million 
people who hold shares in British 
Telecom, you will remember that 
payment for these shares is made to 
the Government in three instalments. 
The first two payments have already 
been made and the last instalment 
of 40p a share is due to be paid not 
later than 3.00pm on Wednesday 
April 9, 1966. 

You will shortly receive a re- 
quest to pay the final instalment which 
will give details of the _ 

exact amount due and IvMjm 
how it should be paid If II I VC 

you have not received this request by 
Monday March 17, please contact 
Lloyds Bank Registrars (between 
9.00 am and 5.00 pm, Monday to 
Friday) on this LinkUne number: 

LinkLine 0345 414141 

BT has recently paid an 
interim dividend of 3p on each of the 
shares you hold. A cheque for this 
will have been sent to you, unless you 
instructed the company to pay 

Investing for growth. 

dividends direct to your bank. 

You may like to know that the 
next dividend rs expected to be paid 
in September 1986. 

BTs enquiry units can be 
contacted, with any other questions 
on your shareholding (between 
9.00 am and 5.00 pm, Monday to 
Friday) on the following numbers: 

| LinkUne 0345 010505 
1 0345010707 

These LinkUne numbers enable you 
_ to calf from anywhere 
lfU% in the UK for the price 
IV llli of a local call. 

For pail-, mforrrrancn on the Brush Telecom share price, cal Shareime on: Be«ast t0232i 8030 Birmingham 021-246 8056 Bristol i0272) 215444 
Carcitf (.''222'. 8037 Edinburgh 031-447 0333 GJasoow 041-248 4400 Leeds i0532i 3038 Liverpool 051-488 0797 London 01-246 SQ22 
Manchester 06n-246805G • BnishT*<ecom Investor Relations Olfoe: 01-356 6863 


A DoubleFirst! 

For the second year running, Vanguard 
Thist Managers won the Observer “Small 
Unit Trust Group of the Year” Award. 

The average gain of our four funds 
was 36.7% — better than all other unit trust 

We have also been awarded the Money 
Management “Small Unit Thist Management 
Group of the Year* Award for 1985. We were 
the only group,by their criteria, to have 
achieved 100% above-average performance 
over one and three years. 

A contributory factor was the performance of Vanguard Special Situations Trust, 
the only Unit 'Bust to have been one of the ten best performing UK Growth funds over 
the last one, three, five and seven years. 

Short term performance is often a fluke — long term performance is not. 

A Proven Performance Record 

Over one, three, five and seven year periods, 

No other U.K. Growth Fund has managed to 
perform so consistently. 

* Money Management figures to 1st February 1986. 
Offer to bid. including net rein ces ted income. 

accordance with the guidelines set by the 
Department of Thade. 

You should remember that the price of 
units and the income from them can go down 

An Enviable Pedigree 

Investment Objectives 

The investment policy of this Trust is to 

l ne investment policy or mis irust is to 
provide capital Growth from an actively 
managed portfolio consisting of shares < 

managed portfolio consisting of shares of 
smaller companies and carefully selected 
special situations. 

These could be companies that have 
fallen on bad times, but are now 
turning round; they could be ( 

companies that look ripe for a ( 


take-over or perhaps companies 
with new, innovative products. 

with new, innovative products. 

We also have the power to invest s 
up to 25% of the Trust in USM stocks, 
as well as in traded options in 

one of the City's most quoted and authoritative 
sources on investment topics. They currently 
look after over £1 billion of funds on behalf of 
institutional, private and pension fund clients. 
Since 1985 they have been a member of the 
ANZ Group, a major international bank with a 
worldwide network of offices and with balance 
sheet footings exceeding US$30 billion. 

Act Now 

To invest in this Trust, please 
3 \ 'SVn complete this application form 
tO ] km and send it to the Managers. 

& } Mi For your guidance only, the offer 
. JV/jW of units on 13th March 1986 

was 4L4p per unit The Estimated 
Current Gross Yield is 2.85%pa. 

“9 for l xplit af uiriLs nn'J January iWft. 

General Information 

Upon iwiipi of yuurappliinimn fnrm a contract note 
will Ik- stnl, fnlliivwil I «y a ourUfi>-au> in .'Ci davs. Unit 
prices- ami yielils. an.- ijuuU-d in ihv Financial Thrive 
Units .sin Ho *«»I»I iiuck lu the M-.uvmon- m not li*>. tiian 
tfiti* minimum hid prirt'i-alcutiloii lira fnrmuiu uppmved 
Hy the Depnrtmviu nt TYadt*. Thu Trust ismuhi>ri-**il liy 
the Department nf TVnde and iiwi.-tiluled hy a I>ed 
dptvd March I'-'Tl JUS amended I. An in ilia) tharuvufo'M 
is ini-Uided in the offer price nf unite . tmm which 
rvm un era Lii in Is puj-ahle inn Lines at 

rates nvailnMe mi iv«i u, **l. The annuul •■hun;o is sot at 

plus VAT nf tile vafUMof the TVusi iu.snp|htsei| in a 
maMinum of 1% j)ormiUv*i in ih** DmiIi. the imiss iiimme suit! is allowed fur in ihe«iin\-nl 
snw yield. I hsiriliiilhms u-ill >«• jxuil !«’)»*• jV'arlf nl 
tlivenil nf Fvlirnary suul AuuiinL 

Trustee: Rnyai RwikcifStiodanfi pl>\ I;5 IT i il>l Fimad 
.Sm-ei. Lnmlnn RCi 

Man :u:ors: Vaneiiiin! Tnis-l Manuecrs Limited, 
tin Hullmm ViuriiirU Lundnn ECIA 2EU. lolephnn,.: 

I H-Sirt -ilfc'it, Monilwr i if the Unit TYust A^rfK-blinn. 

Thii nfforiN oaf nrnilaMv to rvsiiivnta of Eire. 

r To: Vanguard Trust Managers Ltd. 65 Holborn Viaduct, 
London ECIA 2EU, Telephone 01-236 3053. 

I/We wish to invest I minimum £500) 1 £ 1 in the Vanguard 

Special Situations Trust at the offer price ruling on receipt of my 
application. A cheque is enclosed, made payable to Vanguard Trust 
Managers Ltd. 

Managers Ltd. 

Surname ftlr/Mrs/Miss) 


First Names I in full) 




Single person's 


Taxable income 



Tax deducted 
on maintenance 
• Winrta’a pwtos 
Less: Single person * 
Additional personal 


Taxable income 

Winnie is liable 
to tax at 30% 

cation of a person under 21. 

The limits on payments due 
from April 6 are increased in 
the first two cases to £48 a 
week or £208 a month. The 
current limits are £33 a week 
or £143 a month. Payments in 
the third instance are in- 
creased from their limits of 
£lS a week or £78 a month to 
£23 a week or £108 a month. 

Cathy Madpn, a chartered 
accountant with a London 
solicitors’ firm, commented: 
The increase in the small 
maintenance payments will 
result in considerable cash- 
flow advantages to those, who 
receive amounts up to the new 

A former wife, for example, 
may be liable for tax on the 
maintenance she receives. 
However, if it is a small 
maintenance payment, she re- 
ceives the amount gross and 
does not have to wait for a 
refund of tax from the Reve- 
nue. If children are involved, 
the cash-flow advantages of 
small maintenance payments 
correctly worded in a court 
order are even more apparent 

pay Winnie £5.000 "for her 

But Henry has deducted 
£1,500 tax on Winnie’s main- 
tenance and she actually re- 
ceives only £3.500. She has 
therefore suffered too much 
tax and must reclaim the 
overpaid amount (£1,037) 
from the Revenue. 

To do this. Henry has to 
supply a “certificate of deduc- 
tion of tax" with every pay- 
ment he makes. Winnie must 
then send these to her tax 
office with her own claim 
form to enable her to get the 
balance back from the Reve- 
nue. This can be rime-con- 
suming and can result . in 
immense cash-flow problems. 

If a court order takes advan- 
tage of the small maintenance 
payments, £424 a month can 
now be paid gross to a wife — 
the court order would speS out 
that payments are £208 a 
month for the wife and £108 a 
month payable “to the wife for 
the benefit of * every child. . 

In our example Henry 
could, with the increase in 
limits, make his payments 
under the small maintenance 


• Henry’s position: 
Taxable income 

(a* example A) 
Henry pays tax 
at 30% or 


Henry earns £15,000 a year. 
Winnie is not working. Nei- 
ther has any unearned in- 
come. They have two children 
under 16 who live with Win- 
nie. The court orders Henry to 


Tax deducted 
on maintenance 

• Winnie’s position: 
Taxable income 
(as example A) 

Winnie is liable 
to tax at 30% 

on trail 



BES offerings available this 
week include First * Retail 
Stores, which is looking for op 
to £5 million to start trading as 
a diversified retail business 
operating under franchise ar- 
rangements from freehold and 
long leasehold premises. 

The company has the merit 
of not having any special 
classes of shares entitling 
directors and/or sponsors to 
cream off profits or assets. 
The management incentive is a 
reasonable option to subscribe 
for the £1 shares currently on 
offer at a price of £1.60, 
representing a decent 60 per 
cent premium- In addition, the 
m an a g ement is putting in 
£120.000 on the same terms as 
outside shareholders - £1 a 

One of the company’s con- 
sultants, Sir Anthony JoWffe, 
will, through his company. 
Management for Industry, be 
paid £7500 for “up to 20 days a 
year". This works out at £375 
a day assuming he does the 
full 20 days. However, seen in 
the overall context of total fees 
paid to directors and consul- 
tants of £17.500 a year, it does 
not seem as if the management 
will be taking an excessive 

Perhaps one criticism of this 
issue is that, as it stands in the i 
prospectus, h is short on fall- ! 
time management. Alan i 
Courts, of sponsors Robert i 
Fraser, and one of the direc- j 
tors of First Retail, says ! 
“Cyril Spencer, a highly expe- , 
rienced retailer and City fig- ! 
ore. will be taking a direct! 
interest in the management of 
the company, especially in the 
early stages, and he has a. 
large management back-up in 
the Youngs Franchise Crimp,' 
from which key personnel can 
be made available to the 
company until such time as its 
I activities warrant taking on a 
I foil-time operations 
manager" . - 

Winnie now actually re- 
(xi\cs £SJXX) from Ifeniy. 
Her cash flow is appreciably 
better. She will have to pay the 
tax but not until the end aftinr 
Year. ' 

merits although tire tax peti- 
tion would after. . 

Su it is credit iftK .fNr 
wording in a court order is 
correct. : ' . . 

However, if the court order 
were more carefully worded, 
there could actually: be a ;■ 

saving of tax and not jus; an 

improvement in cash flow. 

Covered by their 
personal allowances 

A ■ chartered accountant, 
Valerie Martin, of Spider and 
PcgJoY said: "If the Grist n 
• tecbmcaUy incorrect ihcRcw* . 
sue take tire wonfcng prcnKly 
as is and not as you may rave 


Payments should be ex- 
pressed to be *ifothe children" 
and not “to Winnie for the 
children's benefit": If this is 
done,. the income paid directly 
to the children would be their 
income for income tax pur- 

But ir is essential that the 
court is made aware if pay- 
ments to children arc ma de , 
artificially high for tax pur- 
poses. Otherwise, there coaW 
be problems if either a hus- 
band or wife applies at a buer 
date for a variation of the 
raaimenhnce figure. 

In the examples, the in- 
comers of Winnie and the 
, children would be covered by 
their respective personal & 
lowances resulting in an over- 
all tax saving of £463, 


Wfani* Ctrikf Odd 
MalnfaK - 

(C54>001 ; '2^96 1^2 t2SZ 
ABowmcm 3,455 23B& 9ptti 
Taxpayabto MB MU Hfl 

Tax planning for mainto. 
nance payments on se parati on ' 
and divorce can be extremely. 
complicated but iidocs have a 
tremendous impact. It is cru- 
cial therefore, that if you. 
become embroiled in divorce 
proceedings, you must, use a 
specialist matrimonial solici- 
tor who will work hand in 
hand with an accountant rf 

Henry's tax position re- 
mains the same and he obtains 
fiiif tax relief os payments 
made. If 'the maintenance 
were increased to £208 gross a 
month, each, they would still 
be small - maintenance pay- 

Vaterie Martin said* "More 
and more. I am being asked to 
help solicitors to sort out the 
tax side of divtirw »r their 
clients. Even solicitors them- 
selves liaise with us when they , 
sort out their own divorces. 

■ «* 



i£*> V 

Offer for Subscription 
of 1,000,000 Ordinary Shares 
of &l eadi at £1-10 per share. 

H Existing freehold hold has Increased in 
value by 94 per cent in 2 x /z years. 

★ Company is fradac^. BES relief for 1985/86 
should be quickly available. 

★ ExperiencedpTofessioHai management 

★ Founder directors, have an investment 

trf £233,614. : 

★ Strong net asset cover. 

Copies of the'Prospectus available from 


(a member of M ASOLU) 

7, Cavendish Square, London W1M 9H A 

Telephone 01-631 3015 

This advertisement is ika an invitation to invest in shares. 

If you get 
left money 

don’t get left 
wondering what 

If First *Ret^3 raises only 
the mmimnpi £500,000 sub- 
scription, die issue - looks ex- 
pensive, haring total expenses 
of 193,000 — a ratio of nearly 
19 per cent However, this 1 
improves as more money is 
raised. The sponsors are on ! 
01-493 3211. ! 

For most people, mHeritmg more monev than thev are 
accustomed to handling is a unitpie experience. '* . 

How- do you keep it safe vet make rt grow ? 

U 0 ,on° P ™^^ 

Special 3rd AnnwersarVofTer 

or more, inv^tojsvviil cominue io revive - 

A leaflet with details will he sent to \t»u 
completely free, (t involves no obligation/ Uiftnil 
Jr doesn l even cost vou a samp. . 

; I — 

[ FREEPOST. PhoFnix VVay Cirpixv«fT GL7 iBft 

* S? n^ W V r " Wd ^ ho ^ obl, P u ^> riU ^^afao»l 

Surrtamp Mr<Mn'Mi« - 

•ai hontK offrr 


Meanwhile, aider threat in 
the Budget, the BES hotel 1 
mania continues. Tire Leeds- 
based York Trust Ltd. is i 
looking for a mere £450,000 to I 
add 24 new bedrooms to the ! 
Bridge Inn at Walshford, near j 
Weatherby. I 

,| Fnrpnamcs. 

I Addrrss^m 

• Posirndr. 

. Phom? No. 

CU Life is for living. 



i ; . ■ r 

,*»»*■» 4 -i 

•. h 

• w. • 

■V* ... 

«l i- 

\ ' - •• .. • *'* 

p i, ' r 

1 ’• 

U Li. L* t 1 








$ it i 7 0 ' 

"* 4 ji ■ » 

.-•■/ 5rJ3L*i 

gjrtf" yf- ;J ; ' 

f v ; * J 

, 7 7 ^ * 

P-aw#* ) t 

\ ( 
" .<r«J "" 


French wary of complacency trap 

From David Hands 



^En^and venture Into the 
french backyard at Parc des 
Princes today like a fox into a 
well-protected ben coop: they 
will either escape with the 
French cockered slung over 
their shoulder, squawking 
loudly and doubtless indig! 
nantly about penalties or they 
will receive the full blast of the 
farmer’s shotgun. Most of 
France think it win be the 
latter, which is what disturbs 
Jacques Fouroux. their coach 
so much. 

•‘1 wish,” he told French 
reporters this week, “you 
would criticize us more.” 
Over-confidence, however 
justified, may be England's 
ally in a match where both 
countries contest the same 
prize: the share, at the very 
least, of this season's five 
nations' championshipi - 

But if- they are. to win, 
England must capitalize on 
their assets much more than 
they haw at any stage during 
the last three seasons. It is a 
significant comment on this 
England team that, at the end 
of the championship, we do 
not yet know bow well they 
can perform, owing to their 
persistence in allowing the 
opposition back into the 

Fouroux emphasizes the 
point "The scoreboard often 
dictates the kind of rugby you 
play,” he said. “At 17-15 in 
Cardiff we were not able to 
play the kind of expansive 
game we wanted to. One 
interception could have 
changed everything. In order 
to play that kind of rugby you 
need to be calm and composed 
and have some points on the 

To this end he has under- 
lined the need for discipline 
among his players so they may 
set out in June for their 
carousel around Argentina, 
Australia and New Zealand 
(which incorporates four in- 
ternationals) with the confi- 
dence derived from being 
European champions. 

If England are to win they 
must do two things: tackle at 
source before the French. for- • 
wards build up too much 
monentum and draw the sting 
from the French back row by 
tying them down dose to the 
set pieces. It is a hefty require- 
ment and demands a fer 
higher work-rate away from 
scrummage and iineout from 

Heaton given 
outing by 

Rosslyn Park will be without 
Ripley and Jermyn forthe Merit 
Table match against London 
Welsh at Roehampton today. 
Both players will be preparing to 
accompany the England sevens 
team to Niew South Wales on 
Monday, and Riplev's absence 
gives Heaton his first senior 
appearance of the season in the 
second row. 

Jermyn is replaced at stand- 
off half by Roberts. Osbourne 
returns to the wing and Ager 
comes in at centre. 

Davies.^ late replacement for 
Bradley in last Saturday's John 
Player Cup tie against Bath, 
retains his place in the London 
Welsh side. 

Orwin. the Gloucester cap- 
tain. will miss the match at 
OrreU in the hope that his leg 
injury will have cleared up m 
time for nett Saturday's John 
Player Cup quarter-final at Lon- 
don Scottish. 

Bristol's selectors make three 
changes for the game against 
Plymouth Albion. Motley re- 
turns from Gloucestershire doxy 
to play on the wing. and the 
vice-captain. Ptwnphrey, re- 
sumes in the second row after 
illness. Palmer comes in as 
hooker in ptace of the injured 

Winning up for the cauldron: England players fin training near Ver saill es yesterday 

the tight forwards than they 
have shown hitherto. 

Moreover, they will have to 
become accustomed to the 
barrage of sound which will 

greet them throughout the 
game. Only three England 
players, Winterbottom, 
Colclough and Underwood, 
have appeared at Parc des 
Princes before, though some 
of the newcomers — Richards 
and Rees, for example, whose 
role today is vital to England’s 
cause at Iineout and in the 
loose — have the temperament 
to make light of it After 
training yesterday at La Boulie 
they paid the stadium a visit 
to get some kind of impression 
of an arena which will be 
seething with noise today. 

Conditions wiQ be ideal for 
a running game but it is wont 
remembering bow France 
played against Ireland in Paris 
in January. They kept die. 
game tight for an hour, using 

up the Irish defence until the 
moment came to let slip the 
backs, just as the great Welsh 
side of the 1970s did. France 
believe they will have parity at 

the set scrum and a slight 
Iineout advantage and that 
England will not match them 
in uieir dynamic approach. 

“Our forwards can do 
things the English forwards 
cannot,” Fouroux said. “We 
have hands.” He may be right 
but England will be seeking to 
turn the French forwards by 
the use of back row, scrum 
half and blind side wing; if 
they can impose themselves at 
the set pieces (in a way they 
did against another dynamic 
side, the Scots), then Blanco's 
game this season has not been 
so fireproof against good tech- 
nical kicking that he may not 
be found wanting. 

As always it is the simple 
things that will matter; finding 
touch, chasing kicks, putting 

the ball in front of the man in 
a way which England have not 
done very successfully so far. 
Another distinguished French 
rugby man, Frances Pal made, 
their leading referee, who 
retires after handling today's 
international at Lansdowne 
Road, said this week that 
French players have a tenden- 
cy not to learn from past 

If England can induce their 
mistakes today and thus upset 
French equilibrium, then we 
may yet have a match on our 
hands which will dispatch the 
1986 championship with a 

“French players accept deci- 
sions without trying to under- 
stand them,” Palmade said. 
“And when a law is intro- 
duced, players try to find a 
way round it That is a bad 
French habit. It means cheat- 
ing and they end up losing 
their tempers.” Derek Bevan, 

in his first championship 
match, will have his bands foil 
today, and it will be surprising 
if his interpretations do not 
play an important part in how 
the game develops. This has 
certainly been the case in most 
of this season’s championship 
matches. But England were at 
least grateful that in him and 
his Welsh colleagues on the 
touchline. Give Norling and 
Ken Rowlands, they have 
officials prepared to apply the 
laws as they are written, for 
good or ill. 

The quiet determination 
pervading the side yesterday 
may not outweigh their lack of 
experience and the capacity of 
the French to make the most 
of their opportunities. France 
have not had a try scored 
against them in the champion- 
ship since March. 1984, which 
argues a certain defensive 
skill. I expect them to win 
again today. 




Snanco • 

15 ‘ 

Full Back 





H P MacNeiD 

15 ‘ 

FuU Back ~ 


A G Hastings 



J-BLafond ‘ 

14 . 

Right wing 


M E Harrison 


(London Irish) 



Right wing 

(London Scottish) 

KW Robertson 





Right centre 


K G Simms 



B J Mullin 


Right centre 


D 1 Johnston 





Left centre 




(OuMn Unnsrstty) 

M J Kieman 


Left centre 


S Hastings 


(TcMouse) ‘ 

E Bonneval 


Left wing 


R Underwood 





Left wing 





G Laporte 


. Standoff 


CR Andrew 



AJP Ward 




J Y Rutherford 





Scrum half 


N D MetviDe* 



MT Bradley 


Scrum half 


R J Lardlaw 



P Marocco 




G J ChHcott 


(Cork Consttutiori) 

PA Orr 




A K Brewster 






SE Brmn 



C F Fitzgerakf* 




C T Deans* 



J-P Garnet 




GS Pearce 


(St Mary's Cottage) 

DC Fitzgerald 




1 G Milne 



E Champ 




P J Winterbottom 



R D Morrow 




J Jeffrey 







W A Dooley 



BW McCall 




A J Campbell 



J Condom 



(Preston Grassbprs) 

M J Cototough 


(London Irish) 

DG Lenihan 




I A M Paxton 



D Erbani 




GW Rees 


(Cork Constitution) 

N J Carr 




F Calder 



J-L Joinel 


No 8 


D Richards 



WA Anderson 


No 8 

(Stewart's MoMte) 

J R Beattie 




Rcfam: W □ Bevan (Wales) 





REPLACEMENTS: 16 B Hanaro (Trillion); 
17 P-E DNK (Mmes): 18 L Rodriguez 
(Mont-de-Marsan); 19 R Motfin [Brive); 20 
P Ugiaq uet (Bayonne); 21 M 
a a a qiw (Oax)- 

17 S Baras* (Bath): 18 R J HHHJBatirt; 19 P 
A G Raotfafl (Wasps* 20 A W Simpson 
(SaftE gi PHfOoofc(WoMngf »am ). 

(Bangor); 17 H T HartMSon (Boctivo 
Rangers* 18 P C Cota (HighSeWh 19 R 
C Brady (Batfymena); 20 1 Bros* (Malone); 
21 P I Rsktay (Ballymena). 

Refer**: F Palmade (France) F 
J J 

(Glasgow Acaaj 

(Boreugranuitr. 17 G J Callander (Keiso* 
18 D B White (Gala): 18 S G Johnston 
(Watsonons): 20 O S Wyfflo (StBwart's- 
MeMlie FP* 21 P W Dods (Gab). 

want to 

From Gerald Davies, Dublin 

Unlike the other three coun- 
tries who play this afternoon. 
Ireland, who face Scotland at 
Lansdowne Road, have no di- 
rect interest in the outcome at 

the top of the five nations 

championship. Yet last year 
they were the champions and, 
but for a draw against France, 
they could well have been 
celebrating a grand slam of 
victories. But they have not won 
a game this season and are at the 
bottom of the table. Scotland 
will know exactly how it feels, of 
course. Two years ago, to much 
celebration and unfettered joy. 
ihey were the toast of the 
championship in Lheir Grand 
Slam year. Last year the worm 
had turned with a vengeance. 
They lost all their matches and 
railed to win a point. 

It could well be that last 
season was a tiresome hiccup for 
the progress of the boys in blue 
as it would appear that they are 
setting some kind of pace this 
year for the others to follow. 
Thev are a much lauded team. 
On the other hand, their present 
success could simply mean that 
the Reds did the selectors a 
handsome favour in that trial of 
theirs by turning on the heat to 
beat the probable Scottish team 
by 41-10. The pre-Christmas 
plan had to be hurriedly 
changed. That must seem an age 
■ ago but helps to advance the 
theory that chance plays as 
much a pan in determining 
mailers as anything that can be 
devised in any coach's or 
selector's philosophy. 

But with lan McGeechan's 
quiet but persuasive hands on 
one of the tillers - Derrick 
Grant is in charge — it may not 
be entirely a matter of luck that 
Scotland are playing the way 
they do. He was one of the best 
of players in the seventies and 
he must wish for more of the 
kind of inventive running of 
which he himself was quite a 
master. Keith Robertson, who 
comes in for the injured Duncan 
on the wing, is of similar style. 

They are three-quarters 
though, and the strength of this 
side stems from the back row, 
whose pervasive influence is a 
main factor in their success. 
Jeffrey Calder and Beattie are 
mentioned, inseparably, as were 
Spillanc. Carr and Matthews last 
year. Ireland must look for- 
lornly to those named now. 
With Matthews unavailable and 
Spillane dropped, only the 
redoubtable Carr remains. 
Anderson, who was once in the 
team as lock, was dropped, but 
he now returns as No. S. 

Orr is back to lend a modicum 
of stability to a scrum that 
crumbled before England's - 
juggernaut. Scotland are going 
to look to take advantage here 
in the way the 1984 side 
undoubtedly would have done. 
Not that this side is more 
balanced: they play a more 
balanced game and will move a 
lot more than ‘$4. But that 10- 
-ninute spell in Cardiff - when 
they exerted pressure on the 
Welsh line showed that if they 
have a mind to they will play a 
lightish game. 

Ward is back at stand-offhalf 
and most recently played for 
Ireland on the day Scotland won 
the triple crown two years ago. 
On his day be can can create 
something out of nothing. He 
has good support. Mullin is the 
most stylish centre in the home 
countries. Kieman is forceful. 
Ringiand has the power and 
speed, and MacNeil! has an eye 
for the counterattack. 

Scotland can also boast simi- 
lar qualities in their players. Bui 
today, for Scotland, provides 
the moment for all the good that 
has gone before, when they see 
whether they can cope not only 
with the Irish team who will 
want to salvage some pride in 
front of their Lansdowne Road 
crowd, but also whether they 
can withstand the pressure that 
comes from knowing that there 
is at least a share of the 
championship at stake. 


Tennis links with 
S Africa could 
threaten Games 


The Olympic Ganns are 
about to discover that with 
tennis they have invited an 
embarrassing boose guest to 
Seoul. It Is evident from Eastern 
European and Third World 
representatives attending the 
first international congress of 
Sport For All here, that there 
will be a protest and potential 
boycott against players on the 
anti-apartheid banned list. Thai 
list includes Boris Becker, the 
Wimbledon champion, who 
played in Sooth Africa as a 

Also on the banned list are 
such players as Arias, Bale, 
Buhning, Connors, Gernlaitis, 
GUckstan, Gmubaidt, Mayotte. 
McNamee, Tehscher and Vilas. 
There fan be no doubt that 
tennis poses a far more serious 
threat to the stability of the 
Games than rugby, a non- 
Olympic sport. This is an issue 
which the International Olym- 
pic Committee and International 
Tennis Federation mast quickly 

Time for action on 
cash allegation 

resolve. South Africa makes 
Soviet blood boil even (aster 
than professionalism does. 

Criticism is mounting around 
Ollan Cassell, the American 
former Olympic 400-metres re- 
lay gold medal winner, wbo is 
vice-president of the Inter- 
national Amateur Athletics 
Federation. It is understood that 
Cassell has a commercial 
involvement with Ted Turner's 
cable television deal with the 
Soviet Union, which is financing 
the Goodwill Games in Moscow. 
This involvement could create a 
conflict of interest with his 
official position. 

Cassell has often been consid- 
ered to have an equivocal po- 
sition in matters relating to 
athletics finance. Many people, 
not least Dr Angnst Klrsch, an 
LAAF council member from 
West Germany, believe that 
Primo Nebioto. the 1AAF presi- 
dent, shook) ask Cassell to state 
his position in relation to the 

Turner project. 

The IAAF itself may ul- 
timately be called into question 
over the Goodwill Games, which 
by issuing direct invitation to 
competitors will bypass the nor- 
mal channels of governing body 
authority. It is too early yet to 
judge whether the Games are no 
more than a Soviet attempt to 
regain tost prestige following 
their ill-advised Los Angeles 
boycott, or are a tong-term 
attempt to provide an alternative 

Joan Samaranch probably 
made a mistake by going to 
Colorado last year to attend at 
the signing of the American- 

Soviet sporting concord, finding 
subsequently that be had wit- 
nessed the planting of what 
could become a poisonous vine. 

The Sport For Ail congress 
here, under the patronage of the 
IOC and attended by 153 
participants from 63 countries, 
has demonstrated something 
which no government can afford 
to ignore: that ™« sport, as 
opposed to elite sport, is an area 
for increasing communication, 
both nationally and internation- 

How to win medals 
and lose friends 

There were more than 30 
conference papers from conn- - 
tries as dissimilar as Indonesia. 
Sweden. Kenya. East Germany, 
Brazil and Japan. As is often the 
case at such conferences, the 
real benefit lay in discassions at 
meal times, and what the United 
States had better realize quickly 
is the toss of its international 
goodwill because of the slowness 
of its Olympic committee to 
donate even a small portion of 
the huge profits to international 

The (JSOC may have tost 
more in friends than it won in 
medals in 1984, as George Allen 
may discover. Allen is chairman 
of the President's Council of 
Fitness and Sport, and was 
lobbying here for the United 
States to stage die second 
congress of Sport For All in 

There were people at the 
conference laughing when Allen, 
a former football and track 
coach, was talking about his 
involvement and experience ' 
“with the best teams that money 
can boy’*. America may be able - 
to “buy" the next congress, bat it 
is the work being done in sport in 
countries like Tanzania by Swe- 
den. and by China throughout 
central .Africa, which wins ' 


Leigh have a mountain 
to climb with Rovers 

By Keith Macklin 

The hectic schedule of the Silk 
Cut Challenge Cup continues 
tomorrow with a third consec- 
utive week of ties in the quarter- 
finals. Only one second division 
side. Leigh, have survived after 
the midweek defeat of Bramley. 
and their chances of further 
progress seem limited. 

Leigh travel to Humberside to 
face Hall Kingston Rovers, the 
champions, who are extremely 
hard to beat on their Craven 
Park ground and who will be 
eager to avenge a last-minute 
penally goal defeat at the hands 
of their visitors four seasons 
ago. Leigh are sweeping all 
before them in the second 
division, but Rovers seem cer- 
tain to make the disparity 
between first and second 
divison dubs only too evident 

Wigan, the holders, welcome 
the return, after injury, of Lydon 
and Wane, and although there is 
a small doubt about Ella, the 
Australian, he is expected to 

play. Their opponents, 
Castleford. are at fuU strength 
with the return of Jamie Sandy, 
their Australian half back, and 
they will need everyone in the 
battielineagainst the league's in- 
form team. Castleford are hav- 
ing a poor first division season, 
but their cup victory at Barrow 
last week has given them re- 
newed heart. However. Wigan 
must be favourites to go through 
on lheir Central Park pitch. 

W'idnes and Leeds meet for 
the third consecutive week after 
two evenly shared champion- 
ship games. Leeds won a 
con vicing victory at Headingley 
last week and were beaten at 
Widncs by a late try. I fancy 
Leeds may get the edge 

In the fourth tie Oldham, 
seeking to go to Wembley for the 
first time, will be without Mai 
Graham, the Australian for- 
ward. who has an ear injury', and 
Wally Jones, another forward, 
has been suspended. 


Fust division 

Arsenal vWess Ham Utd : 


Coventry Cny v ShatheU wpd — 

Luton Town v Oxford titd - 

Manchester City v Watford ■ 

Newcastle Utov Ipswich 

Second division 

Barnsley v Bradford — 
Blackburn v Mlflwafl — 

Brighton v Stoke 

Charlton v Portsmouth 
Fufiiam v Wflmbtedon 

Third division 

Blackpool v Wigan 

Bristol C V Notts County 
Bury v Bournemouth — 
Cardiff v GKHngham 

i-wpW'HlUTO ■ w r mm — 

Nottingham For v A VHia — ■ — 

OPR v Manchester Uid 

Southampton v Lwarpool 

Huddersfield v Shrewsbury 
Hull v Sunderland 

West Brom v Leicester 

Rovers, v AtwosL Chrtssa v Gffsa 
Palace. Oxford l wed* Wwd ySwan . 
sea e Bronxm. wartort v Sorthamptan: 
Wes; Han: v Clurt on. 


Cmsawaw * Bost on; Pefl yng. . » 
Barrow; Pa rttord » Kan iOTigPncldQiV 
TMfota v WeaJM*™* 

Mgdstaaa v R uncorn : N qtttwrich v Ba Bx 
MttwKon v SWttnt 5earoo«»s n w 
- — —.vtyco THrov Barnet 

, OPEL LEAGUE: PreiMw *■ 

Middlesbrough v Leeds Utd 
Norwich v Carlisle 

CHdham v C Palace (3.15) 

Sheffield Utd v Grimsby 

Weymouth, n 


v Wisbectu Wamnoinn 


Foicestone v Weffin* Gospati 

Hjyftgofl v 

Mng»aw v B*Sfup|sSWf9Wtt Stajah 

Hornchurch * Si *£*“»?*£ 

WflinMy; tiyton Wagtf* v ^ Fffljwey: 

TOW ft v CMOrtl CUjr. t™" 0 * 

Town. Wilton 

Town, HttSato Town y Cnilto & PBMT . 

t** 2 ?**- HwSva aeugm 

I Town v 

Imul o art ftGflnl 
RfcMmn Town 

BOfuab. tin * Mimtgifl Wa se« w 

fMson toflgt fcpwn 

f BMam v EasOO Bme ta ft *ӣ1; 

BfoefcnoS TCwK 

Tow*. MM wa v fatfwto 

Newbury TO** * 

v Hunpertrt Tow* “• nBr * 

Benda* «*= 

m tmnmfi SCQC EASTER* tEA QQS: 
Etramnw v Harwsa 

ggL«Bamg? ay 

Henre Vuvotide SMWuaww 

Brass* Cey. anic, * A 

tan ner mm * 

• Og v L»ww ; — 

Oak Roven v foreffl Omen Hnwq a; Mo m; 
Green * Hednastonfc OUban J£*Bdv 
Gramham. Bushden v Coventry Spornntt 

Sutton Cddfieb v VWSnglxjrotrtu VS 
Rugby v Stourbridge. S grihwn 
AMwer v Corinthi an: * Sj£ 

WSiSi SlK aie . w flwwAgg 

o« Hiflwans icr^M 

kss&s B . 'oS“£5srig 

£*%£? : S 

Ardimans: Old Eto nians v Old 
Wyk eham eg; OW WWanfltortwa v OM 

dhtataB Utd v Edgware Xo»ar 

om. v Danssn; Crown & Manor v 
SSek Town v knwtan 

TQvwrNorihwe ed v 

^gS^ S^TLEAQUE: Se tter Cop : 

K!Sn*j spy® 

^|^Bdv > E^ourM?SeaDad round: 
££35% g^urwad Third, round 

irt^iaRSton. Fa*! tWfltoo: Haasnam <r 
PatSutt. Horsham Ynwa * Swenam; 
Mirant And Eastbourne v Lmewg: 
WMM And Tebcombe v aurgws 
wTnvner * Chwhasior C*. Second 



U-cfekt v Wigmoro AJttatc. Sumngtanv 

Derby County v Oarfington 

Doncaster R v Wolverhampton — 

Ptymouth v Walsall 

Reatfing v Newport County 

Rotherham v Bristol R 

York v Chesterfield 

dMefaro Futwm v nonsmouth: foswth v 
Mhraff: OPR v Chelsea: Totonham v 
CambridM UnitttJ; Watford v Arsenal: 
West Ham v Norwich. Second dMstorc 
Brwntoro v Luton: Brightwi * Soutlsmp. 
tore Bristol Rovers v Oxtord UWtod: 
CofcMsw United v BoumamouthiSouth- 
on) v W fcnM edo n : Swindon v Crystal 

dhitton: AcotogtonStanley v Bootle: 
Curzon Ashton v CUthero« Eastwood 
Hartley * Burscougft: Ftestwood v Rad- 
efifle Bow Gtossopv Cprdaton; Leyiand 
Motors v Netherfwld: Penrith v Formby: 
Prescot CaHas v wmsfort Uraiett & 
Helens v Leek; Shriybndge Cattc v Iriam. 

Pftmfor dMMote Anto^ Mutami r 
Emlay; Armthorpe Weltars v Bennay VW; 
Bnciruffin Tmty vSuUon Town: Denaby 
Uniad v Fareiey Ce tte; fteato n Town v 
Eastwood Town: Pomttraa cola y 
AflretM Town. Iini Cm TUrd roan* 
HaSam v Heanor Tovm. Fourth ratmtfc 
' i United * Thadktey. Rept»r 
i v Gtissifly. PWh wand: SrwJiay 

Fourth division 

Cambridge Utd v Scunthorpe 

Chester v Preston 

Crewe v Rochdale — 

Northampton v Peterborough 

Orient v Exeter - 

Port Vale v Tranmere 

Southend v Aldershot 

Swindon v Bum ley 

Torquay v Hereford 

Multipart League 

Bangor City v Buxton 

Canarvon v Boole — 

Chortey v Rhyl 

Gainsborough v Oswestry 

Hyde v Horwich 

Macclesfield v Worksop 

Marine v Gateshead 

Matlock v Mosstey 

Morecambe v Wttton 

Southport v Burton 

Rangers v Boston-' 


dtmote EUSn g ham Swnmorea v 
WMtby; B*alwp Auc«and v Hartoppol! 
Chester La Stfwt v RyhWto ^ok v 
South Bank: RnyM « Not ft Stoa te: 
Gretna v Bingham Town; Poeriee v 
Sadfcngwn:, S pe ntfinpor v Brandon. 
Ctatessaa Cn|B Second roua± Tow Law 
v Blue Star. 


icuacPr premiar d h i tk x g ArrsmhS v 
Butfongnsm: Emasbury * StotfoW; 
v Sauodc Normampton Sperear v Sr 
Neois: Poaon V Rotnwsf: Raunds v 
tJesberoogh: Stamford v Aximey, Wottor 
v Sown*. Premier first dhfofcm: Cap: 
Newoon PagneS v Bracktoy; Ramsey v M 

fferi. first tog: Fort Uiwadv Eton Manor. 
Semi-ftosL second lag: East Thirroclc v 
Cmasshao. Sanfor HCttoit B o w er s 
tinned v CWmstorft Hatettad v East 
Ham Ufwso. Atekton v Carney bland: 
Sa wUudga w on n v WStham, Stansled v 
Bro^wcod: Wwermoe v Burnham ftanv 

Workington v S Livarpool — 

Branrwood v Ponadown; Carrlck v Ards: 
Crtmnoy Corner w Cotarame; Gtentoran * 

LmfUd (ZL30J; DetBary v Gtoiavon 
ti 220 ): Newry v Crusaders (2.30). 
COMBINEO COUNT8S5 Premier tfvtetow 
Afih Umted v Cfarieigft: BM WfiyUndge v 
ChoMam CQfiftam v Honey: Farte^h 
Gvers v Frenley Green: Boot v Mersttiam; 
Hadley WHitney v virgin* water West- 
fold v Famham. ConMun Challenge 
Trophy: Semi-fiHb: Chertsey v M alder 
Down: Godafamtoig v Malden Vale (2JJ). 

3J> unless stated 


Rrst division 

Everton v Chelsea (2-35) 

Third division 

Lincoln v Swansea 

(SOLA LEAGUE: Denford v Barrow. 



SBJC cur CUP: Third round: Hud KR v 
Leigh; owham « Bradfcrd. Widnes v 
Leeds; Wigan v Casuetord. 

Peat fterston e y Swmton (320): Saiford v 

SKO^DMSXW Barrow v VVtMenaver 
(230): Bailey V Bramtey. Carlisle v 
Mawheid M; Huddersfield v Fidhair 

13301. Hun slot v Runcorn H (220) 

Scottish premier division 

Celtic v Dundee Utd 

Clydebank v Hibernian 

Dundee v Rangers 

Hearts v Motherwell 

St Mirren v Aberdeen 

Scottish first division 

Dumbarton v Clyde — 

E Rfe v Ayr 

Falkirk v Airdrie 

Forfar v Montrose 

HamBton v Brechin ..... 

Kilmarnock v Alloa — 

Parttck v Morton 

Scottish second division 

Albion v Stenhsmuir 

Arbroath v Rarth R 

Cowdenbeath v Dunfermline 

Meadowbank v Queen's Park 

Queen of Sth v Berwick 

Stirling Alb v Stranraer 

Si Johnstone v E Stirling 

Prererer dfetetoo: Abmcoon Utd v Rayneis 
Lane; Aknondsbury G r way v Maktenhead 
Town: Bicester Town v Fairford Town; 
Hounslow Town v Moreton Town; Monte 
Motors v Thame Utd: Pegasus Jnre v 
wantage Twm: Sharpness v Yaw Town: 
Supermarme v Wallingford Town; 
Shonwood Utd v Abingdon Town. 

CSmiAL LEAGUE: Fnt dwbten C-0): 
Aston Vis v Barnsley; Liverpool v 
Manchester United. 


Scotland (2.45): Rosslyn Park v London 
Welsh (3-0) 

LONDON AND SOUTHEAST: r merit tafile 
match): Beckenham v Dantonb a na: Berry 
HM v Ealmg; Boumemoudi v Avon & 
Somersto Ponca; Candarbury v OU 
Brockleians; CIvB Seme v KCS OB: 
Cranietgh v Bnghton: ErfteXJ OG v Old 
Tortonans*: Fufenans v Hemel Hanfo- 
stead*: Grasshoppers v Riaslip*: Hendon 
v Uxbridge’: Hertford v CheshonT: Hirti 
Wycomoe v Bedford A Watc tsia tt Wi#rt 
v Havant: Maidstone v GuMdtard A 
Godalming; Marlow v Eastleiah (11.30): 
Newtxidge v Askens Old Aftramans v 
Stevenase’; Ota Ashmoteara v Old 
loiauans'; Old Bookmans v Campion’; 
Old Blues v Old Failures’: Old 
Guildforttons v Old Ratgatans’: OM 
Hampwmans v Old WandswortlnanS’: Old 
Juddians v Old ShootarsMlsms’: Old 
Meadomans v Finchley. Old Merchant 
Stdcup . Old Pettrarmarrs v Old 

CLIffl MATCHES: Aberatety v South 
Wales Pofcce: Bemngham v Preston 

Camborne v Exeter: Coventry v Harle- 
quins. Cross Keys vNeafti: Durham v Vale 
at Lime: Ebbw Vale v Cardiff; Hawick v 
Selkirk (11.30): Liverpool v Headmgfov; 
Manchester v Fylde f2J30|: Mpdiestnough 
v Obey : Moriey v New Bnghten: Newport v 
Aberavon. Orrefl v Gtoucestar Penarth v 
Chskennam: Preston Lodge v Alloa (12 0): 

Taylors v _ 

v Crawley: 0« 

Old fcroydomans . OkJ 

Titinaans v Old Emanuer; Pans v Old 
Gayioniens; Readtn v Salisbury*: 

v v Maidenhead: Sfouqn * 
Faroham; SouteanipUn 
. . jsmgs&oke: Sams v Char- 
ing Crass & Westminsfor Hospital; 
Stockwood Park v Thurrock; Tabard v 
* ■ Tonbndae v Southend- US 
l-Whitgittans; Wood- 

Gosport 8 
University vl 


Portsmouth void I 
for) v Norwich". 


ham v London Scattish. 

Park v London Welsh. 


Rochoate v Wakefield; workmen on v 
OoncasJer p.30): Sheffield Eagles v 
Blackpool (3.301. 

round: South London v Hemsworth MW 
(at Herne Hd staikum. 2^0); London 
_ W Hu 


Colonials v Sutton Oak (at 
stadium, 230). 

rugby union 

cens v Bedford. 

CLUB MATCHES: Gemboms v BrtstoL 
Me I Police v Black Heath 


HA CUP: Fourth round: isca v Harteston 
Magpies: Soutogats v WimWedon: 
Cannock v Ptymouth: &snops Sronfort v 
ACMfond; Uwes v Doncaster, BoumnHe 

v Beckenham 

Premier division: Spencer v Richmond. 
RegtonelS! Middlesex. Barks. Bucks S 
OxonrMariow v Harrow Town Swans: Old 

Merchant Taylors v Heyes: Newbury v 
Starnes Surfoury v Bracknell Atom: 
Berks, Bucks « Oxfordshke: F)m tfl- 
vfosn: Wokingham v Banbury. Hants: 
First division: Foniingbndge v low. Kent 
Fast division: Oprwgfon v Tonondw 
Rochester & GU righam v BICC: 0831 v OlQ 
HotaonMins. Bemayheath » Ashford; 
University v Medway Umted. Middlesex: 
First division; WUHE v British Airways. 
Cambridgeshire (St Stevenage): hem A v 
Middlesex A (at Beckenham): Kent U-21 v 
Essex U-21 (at Mardenl 
TOURNAMENTS: Norfttk Club chempen- 
shrp (at North Rimcton): Suffolk Cfob 
championship (at Bury St Edmunds). 

21 v Surrey U-21 (at Canteraurv^ 
Warwicks tw v Lancashire i» Nme Styles 
Centre. Acocks Greeny. Warwickshire ll v 
Lancashire II (at West Warwicks. Orton). 

WO*®fS CLUB MATCH: Southampton v 

tom South Glamorgan Inst v Glamorgan 
Wanderers: Wakefield v West Hartlepool: 
Torquay v Swansea: Wasps v US Ports- 
mouth. Waterloo v Gosfonh. Postpo n ed: 

Haddington v Aieimsa; Kelso v Langneim. 


BADMINTON: Yonex All-England 
c ha mpion sh ips (at Wembley). 

BOWLS: Prudential national indoor 
chanoonships (at HarUopoQl). 

BUYING: Southern 3m springboard 
championships (at Crystal Palace NSC. 

HOCKEY: Women's international: En- 
gland v Canada (at Wembley. 3.0). 
McEwtn's Lager South League: Areas: 
Kent Ait mUt Reeds v Old 
Hofcombwans rocheser & GMingham v 
Bexteytieam: Urfiveraty of Kern v orping. 
ton: Midland Bank v CwtonwHe; Tonbridge 
v Deal. Regicoats: Kant-Sussec 
Candertwy v Mafostone. Gravesend v 
Did Beccsham ia n s; Heme Bay v Middle- 
tore Marsen Russets v Eastbcunw. 
JUDO: European women's champion- 
sines « NSC. Crystal Palace). 
LACR&St Women's terom iUliwM : En- 
gland v wales lot Motspur Park]. 


ATHLETICS: Peart Assurance AAA halt 
marathon (at Swanley. 10 30); 
AdUas/Mars halt maremon (at Bam. 

BASKETBAL L. Re pn w mw thto match: 
Team Pttycefi Kingston v Amencan AB 
Stars (at Toiwonh,2.30j Netionel 
Founder* Cop Final, second leg: Jc^ 
sepfmies All Sara (SiwffMd) v Hounslow 
(at Concord Sports cemre .2.1 5. 
Josaphmes lead 68-88' 

BADMINTON: Yonex All-England 
champertsmps (at wemaieyi. 

BOWLS; Pfuaermal national mooor 
cnampenships (at Hantepott) 

CYCLING.* Irwmaiional gran prnc (at 
HaStead. Esse*) 

JUDO: European women's champien- 
shtes (at NSC. Crystal Palace), 


events and 

By Gordon Allan 

Nine days of ioteosive indoor 
competition, embracing the L n- 
der-31 singles, the English na- 
tional champions Ups and the 
Liberty Trophy (county 
championship) final, all spon- 
sored by Lombard, begin at 
Hartlepool today. 

The national championships 
ran from Monday to Sa tarda y. 
The singles field or 32 is the best 
for some time and includes 
David Bryant, winner of the title 
nine times, Gary Harrington, 

the 1985 runner-up. and David 
Cutler, runner-op to Bryant in 
2977 and a singles specialist if 
ever (here was one. In the first 
roand on Friday Bryant plays 
Bob Dickens (Nottingham). 
Harrington plays Steve Bloom- 
field (Tye Green. Harlow) and 
Caller plays Mkk Sharpe 

Roy Cotta, wbo reached the 
semi-finals of the world 
championship at Coatbridge, is 
also in the top half of the draw 
with a match against another 
international. Gary Smith. In 
the bottom half the name that 
springs out is that of Wynne 
Richards, who ploys Bill 
Charles (Victory, Portsmouth). 
Tony Alicock. last year's cham- 
pion. failed to qualify for the 
•singles bnt appears in the pairs, 
tripies and fours. 

Harrington has an earlv 
chance to rediscover the fee! of 
the Hartlepool carpet because 
he is also in the Under-31 
championship which is being 
played today and tomorrow. The 
Liberty Trophy final between 
.Norfolk and Kent rounds off this 
festival of ihe indoor game a 
week tomorrow. 




Robinson stakes claim 
as Gatting sets 



Only top of table have an 
appetite for the leftovers 

back into the groove 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Bridgetown, Barbados • 

England fell away after a probably playing for the same Twenty minutes into the 
omising stan in their match Test place as Gooch's opening afternoon he hooked Estwick 

promising stan in their match 
against Barbados here yester- 
day. Slack. Robinson, Smith 
and Gatling all got a start, 
only to get out, so that by mid- 
afternoon, at 131 for 4, 
Botham was already in, 
searching for four. Of those 
who had batted, Gatling, lead- 
ing the side in Gower's ab- 
sence, played much the best, 
seemingly unaffected by his 
recent injury. 

Gutting marked his return 
to the fold by winning the toss 
and choosing to bat. He might 
have thought twice about 
doing so against the West 
Indies, the first morning at 
Kensington Oval being one 

Test place as Gooch's opening afternoon he hooked Estwick 
partner-audit was Robinson for four,, a fine stroke that 
who bad rather the better day. should have done him a power 

He played, while he was in, as 
though bis fortnight out of the 
game, despite the fever which 

of good. But no sooner had he 
received a nasty lifting ball , 
from Greene, bowling at a , 

when _ batsmen usually prefer having visions of passing most 
to be in the field. But the pitch of it at the crease when be was 

was not quite green enough for 
that now, and it was thought, 
rightly, that Gamer would not 
slip himself for long. 

With Marshall taking the 
match off and Tyrone 
Greenidge (unrelated to Gor- 
don) unfit. Gamer's opening 
partner was Estwick. a giant of 
a man but not fast by local 

Slack and Robinson are 

caused it, may have done him .slightly foster medium pace 
more good than harm. -than Rtifer, that had him 

After Gamer's opening caught at third slip off the 
overs, the bowling was only glove. This was unlucky, and a 
moderately testing. Robinson great pity, 
was soon playing his game. For the third -wicket Smith 
there being no short stuff to and Gatting had added 52. 36 
concern him. of them to Gatling. Smith was 

Slack was caught at the then caught at the wicket, 
wicket, playing loosely at a wafting at a ball that started 
short off-side balL wide and was going wider. 

It was a perfect day for This was not unlucky; it was 
batting, warm and breezy, and simply a tad stroke. Seven 
Robinson must have been weeks into the lour Smith has 
having visions of passing most yet to make 30 and he could 
of it at the crease when be was have only one more chance of 
stumped down the Iegside off doing so, in the second innings 
Reifer's gentle medium pace, of this match. 

Robinson’s was Reifer’s England a Fra imings 

slumped down the Iegside off 
Reifer’s gentle medium pace. 

Robinson's was Reifer’s 
first wicket of the season — he 
has bowled only one over for 
his club — and he could have 
had Gatting as well not long 
afterwards, a sharpish chance 
at backward shorl-leg being 
put down off him. Ctattinjg’s 
confidence, even so, was reas- 

ft T Rotonson st Payne b Refer 40 

WN Slack c Payne b Greene 12 

□ M Smith c Pam 0 Greene 24 

*U W Gotfrg c Bast b Greene 36 

P Wiley b Gamer a 

I T Botham not put - 27 , 

Extras (B) 1 , w 2. nb 1) ~_4 : 

TOW (5 wife) 161 

R M Bfeon. fB N Ranch, P H 
EdmmSg, N A Foster and L B Taylor to 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-51, 2-63. 3-115, 4- 

New Zealand sent spinning 

Auckland (Reuter) — The 
Australian spinner. Greg Mat- 
thews. swept through New 
Zealand's top order, capturing 
three wickets without yielding a 
run, before bad light ended play 
on the second day of the third 
Test yesterday. 

When stumps were drawn 15 
minutes early. New Zealand 
stood at 75 for three, chasing 
Australia's first innings score of 
314. In a disastrous last session. 
New Zealand lost the wickets of 
Edgar, Rutherford and Crowe, 
with the score on 73, all to 
Matthews* off-spin. 

Edgar and his opening part- 
ner. Wright, had given New 
Zealand a brisk start against the 
Australian pace attack but the 
collapse began when Matthews 
and Bright entered the scene. 
Edgar was judged leg before 
playing back to a delivery which 

turned sharply into the left- 
hander from outside the off 
slump. Rutherford was bowled 
without scoring, and Crowe, a 
century-maker in the second 
Test at Christchurch, fell leg 
before when he misjudged 
Matthews* line. 

It was spin which had 
wreaked havoc in the morning 

AUSTRALIA: First brings 

D C Boon c Conoy b Hadtaa 16 

G R Marsh c Coney b Hafew _ — 118 

W B Philips c Smith b BracewN 62 

■A R Bonier c Snath b CtatMd 17 

IT J Zoehrar c Ooniy bBobertson 9 

G M Fttctte C Smith b Chafflcld 56 

GRJMaMwwsbBrwwMS- 5 

SR Waugh cRaMbBracmwl 1 

R J Hrigmc Smtth b Hadtoe 5 

C J McDermott tow b Bmcewel 9 

BA Reid not out • 

Extras (b 2. to 11. nb 3) JS 

Total — 

BOWLING: Hadtoa 31-12-603; Robertson 
24-6-91-1 ;CtatiSeW 29- 10-54-2: Crowe 3- 
2-4-0; Bracowea 433-19-74-4; Coney 6-0- 

when Australia resumed theft- 
innings at 227 for four. The 
tourists lost their last six wickets 

for 87. 

The off-spinner, BracewelL, 
claimed three for 15 in 123 
overs, which included seven 
maidens. He finished with four 
for 74 and Hadlee look his Test 
wicket total to 314 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2S.2-1S3.3-225.4- 
225.5-278,6-293,7-294. 8-301jftni°iO- 


J G Wright not out 44 

B A Edgar am b Matthews 24 

K R Rutherford b Matthews 0 

M D Crowe Ibw b Matthews 0 

JF Reid not out 0 

Extras Q) 3. to 4{ - 7 

Total(3wMs) 75 

*J v Coney . R J HaiSea. t< D S SMto. J G 

BraceweB. G K Robertson and E J 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-73. 2-73. 373. 

BOWLING (to del et McDermott 4-1-17-0; 

Raid 6-2-120; Matthews 15-9-13-3; Bri^S 


With defeat staring bar in the face, Claudia Kohde-Kflsch, of 
West Germany, the No. 3 seed, eventually goes down 6-0, 6- 
7, 2-6, to Kathy Rinaldi, the No. 10 seed, in Dallas. 


Change of course 
may favour Kelly 

From John WUcocksoa, Milan 

New cap spurs Sri Lanka 

Colombo (Reuter) — Sri 
Lanka, who were crushed by an 
innings in the first Test match, 
came back strongly on the first 
day of the second Test yesterday 
to dismiss Pakistan for 132. 
This is the lowest total by any 
country against Sri Lanka in 20 
matches since they gained Test 
status. When bad bght ended 
play 70 minutes early, Sri Lanka 
had replied with 21 for no 

The day belonged to Sri 
Lanka's left-arm opening 
bowler, Kosala 

Kuruppuarachchi, aged 20, on 
his first Test appearance. 

Pakistan, after being put in to 
bat, were in trouble from the 
second over when Kuruppu- 
arachchi found the edge of 
Mudassar's bat with his third 
ball. De Md then struck a 
double blow, trapping Qasim for 
three and, five balls later, having 
Javed brilliantly caught for 

Alwis, who ran round to back- 
ward square leg to hold the catch 
off a miscued nook. Hie touring 
team had slipped to 12 for three 
in only seven overs. 

Mohsin Khan and Rameez 
steadied the innings by putting 
on 60 for the fourth wicket but 
they were out in quick succes- 
sion to leave Pakistan at 78 for 
five. Imran and Malik added 46 
for the sixth wicket before the 
Pakistani captain mistimed a 
pull off Ramayake and Mendis 
took a good catch' at mid-on. 

Malik struck eight fours,’ 
including three in one over off 
Ranatunga. before be was held 
by Mahanama at extra cover off 
Kuruppuarachchi for 42. The 
lai lenders offered little resis- 
tance and Kuruppua ra c h c hi . in 
his fifth spell of the day, quickly 
dispatched Akram and 
Zulqamain to end the innings. 


Lightweights best bet 

With Karen Briggs, the world 
bantamweight champion, ham- 
pered by a foot injury, the 
British team will look to two 
other lightweights for the best 
chances of medals in the 
women's European champion- 
ships at Crystal Palace this 

Loretta Doyle, the former 
world champion, has returned 
to form after a year in the 
doldrums, partly spent recover- 
ing from injury. She is one of (he 
favourites for the featherweight 
title, having beaten Edith 
Hrovath. the Austrian cham- 
pion, this year. 

But the 1986 season, which 
culminates in the world 
championships in Holland in 
October, could be the year of 
success for Ann Hughes, light- 
weight. At the age ot 26. she is 
one of the most experienced 
members of the British tea m , 
with 10 years of rniernationaJ 
competition, during which she 

By Philip Nfcksan 

[he world has won two European titles at 
on, ham- light middleweight 

i u 7- Medals can be expected, too, 

k ™ two from Mis Briggs, competing 
■ h* despite injury, and Sandra 
in the Bradshaw, heavyweight, who is 
tampion- defending her title, but the event 
lace in is will be the most testing in the 
p 12-year history of the European 

; «°nner event 

r re : n jj,- A record number of 22 coun- 
. recover- 1 ™ S *> ave entered, with the 
nn#» nf the Eastern Hoc countries, includ- 
kXrwriSt in & for lhe first time, the Soviet 
n Edhh Union, which became fully 
l fham . committed to women’s judo 
after the sport's inclusion in the 
n, which Olympic calendar. 

: world Competition today is in the 
illand in following classes: heavyweight, 
r year of 72kg: light heavy, under 72kg: 
ies. light- middle, under 66kg and light- 
26. she is middle and under 61kg. Light- 
perienced weight, under 56 kilos: feather, 
sh team, under 56kg; feather, under 52kg: 
matronal bantam, under 48kg and the 
rfiich she open class take pan tomorrow. 




PAKISTAN: First Innings 
Mutaaor Nazar c da AMs 

b Kuruppuarachchi _ 3 
MotiMKimtowbKUfuiniBrachctii 35 

Qasim Omr few bde Mat— — 3 

JavadMiandad efe AMs bfeMN _ 0 

Ramaz R^a tow b da Mai 32 

Baton Mi£c Mahanama 

bKmppuaractKtii . 42 
Uman Khaft c Montis b Mam%ahB _ 8 

Tauseaf Ahamed b R s tn ay a fe _ 0 

Wasim Akram c da Mai 

b KunfepuaradKN _ 0 
fZulqamaincda SOva 

b KuruppuarachcM „ 1 

Motabi Kama! not out 1 

Extras (lb 4, w 1, rib 2} _ — „ 7 

Total 132 

FALL OF WKKETB: 1-3, 2-12, 3-12. 4-72, 
6-78. 6-124, 7-124, 6130, 9-131 , 10-132. 
BOWUNG: da Mai 166894; KuruppU-" 
arachchi 146-2446; Ratnayake 17.4-e- 
29-2; Ranatunga T -0-12-0; Anuresbi 2-1- 

8IU LANKA: first bwibigs 

5 WatUmny notour 11 

RS Mahanama not out 7 

Extras (to 1, w2J 3 

Total (no wW) 2T 

A P GuusbMha, A Ranatunga. *L R O 
Mandto. A da Sin, J R Ratomaka. ifl G 
da AMs, A L F eta MaL A K 
KuroppuarachcN and S D Anurasfelto bat 


US committee 
to reimburse 
Olympic costs 

Lausanne (Reuter) - The 
United States Olympic 
Committee is to pay the Inter- 
national Olympic Committee 
$4.2 million (about £2.90 mil- 
lion) out of the S250 million 
profits from the 1984 Los 
Angeles Games, the IOC said 
yesterday. The money is to be 
used to meet some of the 
expenditure incurred by coun- 
tries which took pan. The 
payment represents a change of 
policy by USOC which had 
previously insisted it would not 
give up any of its profits. 

BOXING:Colin Jones has 
pulled out of his comeback bout 
against Mike Hutchinson, of the 
United States, at Alexandra 
Palace next Wednesday Jones is 
nsuffering from gastroenteritis. 
Errol Christie replaces Jones od 
the bill and meets the Detroit 
middleweight. Don Bowers. 


d'Equipe, skippered by Lionel 
Pean. has recaptured the handi- 
cap lead in the Whitbread round 
the world races fler completing 
the third leg at Punta del Esie 
within 16 hours of the Dutch 
yacht. Philips Innovator. 1 
liams, the owner of the British 
Williams grand prix team, was 
flown to a London hospital from 
Marseilles last night for further 
treatment of road accident inju- 
ries which have paralysed his 

The 77 ih Milan to San Remo 
race, which opens the season of 
spring classics today, promises 
to be a true battle of the giants. 
For the first time in many years 
most of the world's top cyclists 
will be setting out this morning 
from Milan cathedral on the 
182-mile race. 

The field of 240 indudes the 
Tour de France winners, Ber- 
nard Hinault and Laurent 
Fignon. the Tour of Italy win- 
ners, Francesco Moser and 
Giuseppe Saronni, the current 
world ■ champion, Joop 
Zoetemelk, the former world 
champion, Greg LeMond, and, 
of course, the world No.1, Sean 
Kelly, of Ireland. 

The only notable absentees 
are Phil Anderson and Stephen 
Roche. Anderson's team man- 
ager, Peter Post has decided to 
leave the Australian out of his 
team for the classic because of 
Anderson's incompatability 
with the other Panasonic team 
leader, Eric Vanderaerden, of 
Belgium. Roche is still troubled 
by the knee injury he sustained 
■m. a' crash during the Paris six- 
day race last November. 

KeHy has yet to win this 
Italian classic, but the form he 
showed last week in winning the 

Paris to Nice race for a fifth 
successive year could be enough 
for him to succeed. Another 
factor in his favour is a 
modification in the course. The 

S race will end one mile 
re lhe traditional finish, 
only 900 yards after the descent 
of lhe Poggio hQL 
“The race is still a lottery,” 
Kelly said during the signing-on 
ceremonies yesterday in bright 
sunshine, but he knows that 
fewer men will be in the final 
shake-up. which should come 
on the climb of the Poggio. 
Because of the proximity ofthe 
finish, anyone who loses ground 
on this last hill will have no time 
to chase back. 

Moser, the great Italian folk 
hero, is hoping to repeat bis solo 
victory of 1984. And his time 
trial stage win in the Tirreno- 
Adriatico race three days ago 
did much to boost his fores’ 

The dark horse today is 
LeMond, who placed third in 
Paris-Nice, and will benefit 
from the presence of his Mow 
team leader, Hinault, who has 
predicted that be will attempt to 
break the race apart on the 
hilliest section of the course 30 
miles before San Remo. 


Western back In 
in attack Wfl 

By Sydney Frisian , 

Two brothers, Alistair and 
Gordon McGinn will be on 
opposite sides tomorrow when 
Southgate meet Wimbledon in 
the fourth round of the Hockey 
Association Cup at Parkside, 
Neasdcn. in north London. 
Alistair is playing for Southgate 
and Gordon for Wimbledon. 

Wimbledon, who have 
reached this stage of the com- 
petition with the help of Pappin, 
Britain's second choice goal- 
keeper, will be without him as 
he is on a training weekend with 
the British squad. Wimbledon 
have therefore called in Vero- 
nese, who at one time played for 
their third team. 

Because of the training week- 
end Southgate have lost 
Batchelor, Shaw and Kerly in 
attack and Dodds and Duthie in 
defence. Southgate, who had 
asked for the match to be 
postponed, had been given the 
option of playing either on 
March 28 or April 13, but as 
neither of these dates 
wassuitabie they decided to play 
the match tomorrow. 

Andy Western, a former 
Welsh international, returns to 
the Southgate attack to support 
David Thomas, another Welsh 
international and Moulton. 
Picken fills a vacancy in deep 
defence and Scott a New Zea- 
lander. in midfield. 

Richard Carr, who scored a 
winning goal in extra lime for 
Richmond against Bognor last 
week in the third round, has 
gone on a skiing expedition and 
is not available for their away 
match against Bishop's 
Strafford. Still. Richmond with 
Atkinson. Saward. Purse house 
and Lawless available, are not 
short of forwards. 

won by WRNS 

By Joyce Whitehead 

A penalty stroke by 
Smithyman in the second half of 
extra tune rave the WRNS back 
the Inter-Services champion- 
ship trophy, which they last held 
in 1984. Tbe final match yes- 
terday in Portsmouth between 
WRNS and WRAP was dose, 
and WRAF might have won in 
the first 10 minutes. 

In the first half WRAF hit the. 
post and L/WRNS Smithyman 
was warned by the umpire. In 
the second half the WRNS 
goalkeeper, Voss, made some 
remarkable saves and their cap- 
tain got a warning. 

WRAF played constructive 
hockey, especially Malvern, but 
they could not score. WRNS, 
who conceded 18 penalty cor- 
ners, were saved by their goal- 

A goalless draw at the end of 
normal time fairly reflected the 
play and it was in extra time that 
WRNS showed their worth. Tbe 
WRAF goal had a charmed life 
and a mistimed tackle gave 
WRNS their one opportunity, 
which was well-taken. WRAF 
also had a penalty stroke a few 
minutes later but the goalkeeper 
smothered Hobson's shot. 

4, WRAC t: WRNS 1, WRAF 0 (Oflf). 

• The Combined Services team 
will be chosen from 
C Wren, j Walsh. TO Wren J Coens. L 
Wrtn B Smithyman Wren A Parry . Cant L 
Forsyths. LCd A Raw. LCpI K SmfflLPo K 
Lincoln, Fit JBurna FaoHS Hobson, Cpt 
K Mttoa Cpi E Meda*. Cpi L Medcafi. 

South Korean Sports Minister. 
Park Seh-jik, has been made 
acting president of the Seoul 
Olympic Organizing Committee 

English football is lurching 
towards another finaodtl crisis 
this weekend. Only now will the 
deeper, more widespread im- 
plications of Europe's ban on 
English dubs be realized. Tbe 
glut of FA Cup and Milk Cup 
ties that have been hurriedly 
consumed in tbe past fortnight 
have left only a handful of clubs 
with any meat appetite for tbe 
season's leftover*. And that will 
almost certainly be reflected in 
attendance figures. 

Because of the likelihood that 
England's stay in the wilderness 
will be extended by at least 
another year, the importance of 
a high league position, the most 
popular route id Europe, is 
greatly diminished. Leadi n g 
dubs, other than those realis- 
tically contesting die champion- 
ship (and Everton are hying 

their hardest to make it a one- 
horse race) will now only be 
playing for the sake of pride and 
nominal Canon prize money. 

Only four first division dubs 
this weekend may view their 
matches with a definite positive 
outlook and they are naturally 
tbe four leading dubs, Everton, 
Liverpool, Manchester United 
and Chelsea. Fortunately, tbe 
long arm of relegation, length- 
ened since the introduction of 
the ihree-poim system, will lay 
its cold, invigorating hand on a 
few other clubs but generally 
there must be a feeling of apathy 
without parallel in recent years. 

Football's governing bodies 
might have extended the in- 
terest for many had they been 
less dutiful in catching up on the 
backlog of cup ties caused by the 
freeze. In just tbe last three days 
the realistic targets of West 
Ham, Luton and Aston Villa 
have all slipped from view. 
Managers will have to earn their 
com lh the next few weeks, 
trying to motivate players and 
supporters alike. Tottenham 
Hotspur, an early casualty in the 




England still do not know 
whether their international 
match in the Soviet Union in 12 
days' time will go ahead. The 
squad is due to be named next 
week, but the Russian authori- 
ties are insisting that England fly 
to Moscow rather than directly 
to Tbilisi, where the game is 
being played. 

They want tbe homeward 
flight to go via Moscow as well, 
and that would mean England's 

^ would not return home 
rood Friday. That would 
upset the clubs, who have two 
games apiece over Easter. 

Closing date 

Zurich (Reuter)' —The Inter- 
national Football Federation 
(FIFA) have set May 23, eight 
days before the opening match, 
as the final date for tbe nomina- 
tion of players for the World 
Cup in Mexico. Unlike earlier 
World Cup matches, all 22 
nominees may now occupy the 
areas next to the nouchlines 
assigned to each side. 

Aiming high 

Four youngsters with third 
division clubs have been named 
in an England party of 16 for an 
international youth tournament 
featuring Brazil and Italy in 
Cannes from March 27 to April 
I. Ainscow (Wigan Athletic), 
Nesbitt (Doncaster Rovers), 
Randall (Bournemouth) and 
Harbottle (Notts County), are 
tbe players. 

UWEH-17 SQUAD: Ainscow (Wigan}. 
Bradshaw (Staff WML Burke (Aston 
VBaL Otcks (Ormlngnaml Hartetfe 
IWtotts P^.Harwy (Luton), Hjndx«fB . 

Tbstar (Sout ha mpto n ). MUs (Man City), 
Muggieton (Lofcestarl Nasutt (DoS 
caswr). Pressman (Sta« Wed) Randal 
go ur rM Tnou th). Samwsys (Tottenham). 

United hoping 

Manchester United are hop- 
ing to arrange a match with the 
Brazilian side, Flameogo, who 
have Zico and Socrates in theft- 
team. Negotiations are well 
under way for the pre-season 
game to lake place at Old 
Trafford on Wednesday, August 
6 . 

Share plan 

Birmingham City and Walsall 
are to share training facilities 
next season. Walsall will move 
to Birmingham's training 
ground at Elmdon on the out- 
skirts of Birmingham. An extra 
pitch will be made to accom- 
modate them. Tbe move will cut 
costs for both dubs. 

ssk Bruton dies 

StkS! Jack Bruton, the former Burn- 

ley, Blackburn Rovers and En- 

gland winger, has died at his 

Xhe Bournemouth home. He was 82. 
ister, Bruton was the manager at 
nade Blackburn and for six years 
ieoul from 1950 at Bournemouth. He 
littce was capped for England in tbe 
late I920 sT 

ByCfire White 

trophy hum, attracted an audi- 
ence of only 10,841 last week 
and their season average is 
down by 26.6 per cent on last 
season. ' 

David Pleat, a disappointed 
manager of Luton Town, may 
find it easier than some to 
revive his players’ interest *Tve 
never been in a position where I 
could stir them with ideas of 
Europe, so nothing has changed. 
And financially we never bud- 
geted for Europe anyway. 
Time's a great healer and hope- 
fully tomorrow we'll have a 
lovely day on*a beautiful pitch. 
.We’re expecting a gate of 12 to 

Pleat added: “With freedom 
of contract players should be 
looking to perform every game. 
I've read that 24 players earned 
more than £60.000 last year so 

something was motivating 
them." Luton recovered well 
enough from . last season's FA 
Cup semi-final defeat to 
Everton but then they had the 
flames of relegation licking at 
their beds. 

John LyalL an equally dis- 
appointed West Ham manager, 
insisted that his team still had 
ambition. Indeed West Ham 
could still go top if they won 
their five games in hand, but 
that is asking a lot- "We can 
make the season memorable by 
improving on our best ever 
league position of sixth. "That is 
something Luton must hope to . 
emulate. They are presently one 
place above their best ever 
position of eighth. Win or lose, 
cup football can be a menace. 
Ask Brighton, Norwich and 
Sunderland, just a few who 
allowed Wembley’s twin towns 
to monopolize their horizon to 
the obliteration of their league 
form and eventual relegation. 

Such a distraction now feces 
Queen's Park Rangers, Oxford 
United, Southampton and for 
another couple of days at least 

Watford, who play Liverpool in 
an FA Cup sixth round replay 
on Monday. Watford's- league 
form suffered, badly two seasons 
ago once they learned that they 
were Wemblcy-bound. 

A twin cup failure a few weeks 
ago appeared to bave a detri- 
mental effect on Chelsea’s farm. 
But they are not the only bright 
lights of London to haye been 
extinguished recently in the FA 
Cup and the failures of West 
Ham and Arsenal must 
encourage Chelsea to pick up 
tbe flag with a purpose a gain . 

Tomorrow’s televised match 
should go some way' towards 
revealing the identity of this 
season's champions. It is a game 
which has enormous con- 
sequences for the Londoners. 
Victory for Everton would leave 
Chelsea trailing by. II points, 

whereas a Chelsea victory would 
put them just five points behind 
with still those three games m 
hand. A win at Goodison Park is 
not such a tall order for Chelsea. 
They were one of only two sides 
to win there last season and 
d e feated the champions there in 
December in a Milk Cup fourth 
round replay. They also beat 
them at Stamford Bridge m a 
notorious league game in which 
Southall, the Everton goal- 
keeper, was sent off 

Tbe cup performance en- 
couraged Chelsea to think that 
the competition was theirs for 
the taking. But cup football 
never paid lip service to logic 
and Chelsea went out in the next 
round. A draw at Anfield bol- 
sters the theory that Merseyside 
holds no terrors for Chelsea. 
With Dixon and McLaughlin, 
the king-pins of attack and 
defence, restored to the side 
after injury and a. good week's 
training, John Hollins, tbe Chel- 
sea manager, was able to de- 
clare. “We're back to our old 


First division 

Arsenal (5) v W Ham (6) 

Arsenal welcome back Lukic 
from injury. West Ham are un- 

Birmhm (21) r Spiffs (11) 

Tottenham, who have given 
Perryman a free transfer, are un- 
changed. Krmkighafn, who 
have conceded 13 goals in four 
matches, give Qarton, on loan 
from Manchester United, his home 

Ortry (IS) v Sheff W (8) 
Adams returns after an en- 
forced absence of eight games for 
Coventry. Wednesday should 
be unchanged. 

Luton (7) v Oxford (18) 
Oxford reiy on the sMe which 
took them toWembtey in midweek. 
Newdl, who has been cup-tied 
for lhe last four games, returns. 
Man C (12) v Watfd (14) 

having lost iheirnst three games 
and conceding eight goals. 

Nwcsle (10) v Ipswdt (19) 

McKefiar, on loan from hfiber- 
nian, makes his debut in goal as 
Thomas has k^urod a shoulder. 
McDonald deputizes for Wharton. 
Nottm F (9) ▼ A Villa (20) 

Forest make five changes. Sut- 
ton, Rk» L Carr and Metgod are 
dropped and Davenport has de- 
parted to OWTraffonL antes, who 
has not played tor six weeks, is 
fit again. Vla's new signings. Hunt 
and Hair, go stra&it in but 
there is suD no place for Stemrod. 
QPR (16) v Man U (3) 

United, who have dropped 
Hughes, have yet to decide on 
whether Davenport, thek latest 

, plays. Barnes, who has not 
payee sffice injuring a ham- 
string ki November, is in conten- 
tion.^ For Rangers Banister is 
set to retun trorti injury and Byrne 
from III favour. 

Soton (13) v Liverpool (2) 

Southampton's Wallace and 
Case are unfit and there are doubts 
about Wright, Armstrong and 
McManus. Dermis may return a 
month after fracturing a cheek- 
bone. Liverpool, st& without Waish, 
add MacDonald end Wark to 
their party. 

WBA (22) v Lcstr (17) 

Albion give Dyson, Bradley. 

Naykff and Dickenson their home 
debuts. Bennett and Thompson 
return. Leicester are unchanged. 

Second division . 

Charlton (4) v Ptsmth (2) 
Chariton should be unchanged. 
Qukm. Portsmouth's now signing 
from Oldham, makes his debut 
and Swain has recovered. 

Fnlihin (21) v Wrabkln (3) 

Fulham cati up Gore, a 6ft 3ln 
TT^ear-oM defender, to combat . 
Wimbledon's aerial bombard- 

Hall (5) v Sndrind (19) 
Sunderland are without the In- 
jured Swfndtehurst Waface and 
Lemon vie for the vacancy. 

Jobson hopes to return for HuiL 

■ . Tomorrow 
First division 

Everton (1) v Chelsea (4) 
Nevin and Spademan, dropped 
last week, should return tar Chel- 
sea. Everton must check on the 
fitness of Pointon, Harper, Ratcftffe. 
Stevens and MountfieM. 

Two sides with big say 

Motherwell and Clydebank, the relegation strain on Wednes- 
two clubs without a hope of day when they fell to a 2-0 

winning the premier division 
championship, may have a big 
say in the determination of the 

Both sides were rescued from 
relegation by this week's settle- 
ment of the long-running Scot- 
tish football dispute, and that 
has set alarm bells ringing 

defeat. McLean added: 
"Motherwell .played much bet- 
ter on Wednesday and the same 
thing is certain to happen to 
Clydebank It is easier for them 
to play relaxed football knowing 
they are no longer fighting to 
avoid relegation”. 

among top teams. . That midweek defeat pro- „ 

Suddenly, the pressure is off vented United from overhaul- * t 
tbe bottom sides, who know trig Heart of Midlothian, the /* 

they will be part of an expanded leaders, and tomorrow the Dun- u 

premier division next season, . dee side face another crucial test 7 
and Jim McLean, Dundee against Celtic at Parkhead. 'Ml 

United manager, gave warning __ 

yesterday: "Those two sides will Celtic, five points behind 
take quite a few points off the. Hearts and still jAeU-shocfced by 

leaders between now and tbe last Saturday's Scottish Cup 

end of the season.” defeat by Hibernian, must win • 

United were first to suffer this confrontation to stay in i 

from Motherwell's release from contention for the title. 

Tough for Warrington 

By Paul Newman 

Warrington Town today fece was nearly 700 and they have 


■ie Fbmt D Bryant M N Staw 6-1. 

Warrington Town today face 
tbe most difficult test of their 
ambition to reach the Wembley 
final of the FA Vase for the first 
time. The Lancashire dub's 
semi-final opponents are 
Halesowen Town, the holders 
and most successful Vase side of 
recent years. 

Halesowen’s record over the 
last four years is formidable. As 
well as making two Wembley 
appearances — they lost to VS 
Rugby in the J 983 Vase final — 
they have won three successive 
West Midlands League 
championships and are well on 
course for a fourth, having won 
19 and drawn two of their 22 
league fixtures this season. Their 
average home gate last season 

was neany /uu and they have 
sold more than 1,000 tickets for 
today's semi- final away leg. 

-Warrington, in contrast, 
rarely attract more lhan (00 
supporters for their home games 
in the second division of the 
North West Counties i Mgm* 

In the other semi-finaL, South- 
all (Vauxhall-Ope! League) have • 
home advantage in the first leg 
against Wisbech Town (Budding 
Scene Eastern League). Wisbech . 

are hoping to go one better than 

last year, when they were 
knocked out at this stage by 
Halesowen, but face a difficult 
task against Southall who dis- 
posed of Stevenage Borough, 
one of the favourites, in the 





MALVERN: LNtay iw* I. D Haitam 
47mm 3HKSL. Ftrw gowt nmar J Hba 
(Boumraouth AC). 


«ip»*N PHIAlEgvpft AMcnNM WOg 
Morocco I.ZtMtM ft CW^OTWXAlBWBa. 


Tway ahead, Way behind 

From John Ballantine, Orlando, Florida 

Honours shared at Roehampton 


o 5 "** 5 *- 9ssr 

9Mc I Young (08). *W l WMOjr. zi* a 
Ntanypw). . 

Rjta biP SBnvir 7^75- . 


The difficulties and dif- 
ferences of tbe US tour com- 
pared with its European 
counterpart were illustrated by 
the experience of young Paul 
Way, of Tonbridge, in scoring 
84 in the first round of the Bay 
Hill Classic on Thursday. Tbe 
Ryder Cup player finished last 
but one out of 1 14 competitors, 
only David Peoples, of Augusta, 
scoring worse with an 85. 

In contrast to Way, Philip 
Parkin, a Welshman who 
learned how to control the ball 
in strong winds when he won all- 
American honours at Texas 
Agricultural and Mining Col- 
lege, scored a respectable 73 and 
Stood a chance of qualifying 

even when the second round 
was postponed yesterday be- 

cause of lightning and a “tor- 
nado watch". Long before he 
appeared to give up hope. Way 
was shaking his head at his 
inability to keep the ball straight 
in the wind and away from the 
water, trees and sand. 

Bob Tway, the powerful 
Oklahoman who won his first 
thle last month when he beat 
Bernhard Langer in a play-off 
for the San Diego Open, ted wi th 
66. Ray Floyd and Tom Kite 
were amor® a group of four on 
68. and Corey Pavin, Ben 
Crenshaw and Greg Norman 
were not far away. . 

Sandy Lyle, with a hard-won 

71, had to “get up and down” 
several times from rough and 
sand. Lancer should have joined 
him but dropped a silly snot on 
the last green when, after hitting 
the best approach iron ofthe day 
to two feet, lipped the putt out 
and finished with 72. Ken 
Brown battled for 73 and Nick 
Faldo, having not had much 
luck, chipped in from 10 yards 
at the 18th for a 74. 

atetafeSfcRTMw. SfcTKfca. DPoW. D 
Foreman, R Boytf. eft R Mattie. B 

Crenshaw, s Simpson. C Pavin. 70: M 
WW», Britan ana European Konc 71: 


Patricia Johnson, En gland 
golf champion last year at both 
match-play and stroke-play, 
made a promising start to the 
new season at Roehampton 
yesterday. With a two-round 
total of 1 53 (76.77) she secured a 
one stroke lead In the Gold Cup 
over her playing partner, JiU 
Thornhill, a former British 

Miss Johnson seemed to have 
the tournament comfortably in 
her pocket — four strokes to 
spare over Mrs Thornhill with 
five holes to play — but she 
dropped shots at the 14th, 16th 
and 1 7th. with a variety of 
indiscretions, and only a fortu- 
itous bounce off a tree at the last 

By John Hennessy 

enabled her to match Mrs 
Thomhilrs cast-iron (bur. 

In the end Miss Johnson had 
to share .the . honours with 
Katherine Harridge, ofCowdray 
Park, who added a splendid 75 
to her morning 78. 

Christina tfayllar, .the young 
Hampshire champion, bad en- 
joyed an unaccustomed hour of 
limelight in the morning. With a 
round of 74, one over par, she 
bdd the lead at lunch, by one 
stroke from Susan Moorcraft an 
English international, and by 
two strokes from Miss Johnson 
and Mrs Thornhill. 

Under the approving eye of 
her tutor and playing partner. 
Vivien Saunders, Miss Hayllar 

. turned in par, a rare 
achievement yesterday on 
greens understandably injured 
by the severe winter and 
dropped only one shot coming 
home. . 

All her sterling qualities ofthe 

morning were dissipated after 
•unch, however, by the 300-yanJ 
first hole, which had yielded a 
birdie three in the morning. She 
now hooked her second to 
kingdom come. 

ig SBBm aa«5 


ii j 



tfi 'W v 

7~ '.••• — - ' ' THE TIMES SATURDAY MARCH 15 1986 



__ 45 


No one is emitted to hold 
fais head higher after this 
year's .unftajeUaMe National 
Hunt Festival at Chelt enham 
than: the young Lamboran 
trainer, Simon rhri«iq n p^ 
jneriy pupil of Fulke 
waiwyn, from whom he dear- 
ly learned so much, Christian 
took Just three of his 23-strong 
suing, to the meeting and 
returned with one victory and 
' two fourth -places. Many with 
much greater experience 
would Have gladly given their 
back teeth to have done half as 
well. . 

Oregon Trail was the sta- 

We* proud winner of the 
coveted Arkte Challenge Tro- 
phy on Tuesday; and on the 
following day Aherlow and 
Lewesdon Prince, without ac- 
tually managing to get their 
heads in front where it matters 

most, still ran really well to 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 
Mufliolland, who can claim a thin! in the Swe 

can crown 
able week 

| * - 

r \ J 

^nish fourth. 

' T So it is against that encour- 
aging backcloth that I take 
Chiysaor to add the finishing 
touches to what has already 
been an unforgettable week in 
his young handler's life by 
winning the Bic Razor Gold 
Cup at LingfiekL Park today. 

A minor setback forced 
Chrysaor to miss last Satur- 
day's Imperial Cup at 
Sandown but he is fine again 
now and Christian has decid- 
ed to reduce his weight to 1 1st 
21b by putting up Tony 

7Ib alloWaKt a 

w Formerly apprenticed to 
Henry Ceoi before he got too 

SfW. for the Rat, 
MulhoDand has ridden under 
nues but is still awaiting his 
first winner. However, having 
™den him regularly at home, 
ne knows Chrysaor well and 
is confident that he 
get the best out of him. If 
he does, I believe that 
Chrysaor should be op to 
beaung Playboy, Hoorah Hen- 
ry and Inlander, who form the 
nucleus of his opposition. 

Earlier this year Chrysaor's 
name was foremost in many a 
mmd when the field for the 
Schweppes Gold Trophy was 
under discussion. But, as that 
race did not take place, it is 
necessiry to cast the mmd 
pack further to Lebpardstown 
in January and Sandown in 
November. At Leopardstown, 
he finish ed a highly creditable 

third in the Sweeps HunUe;.ai 
Sandown, he won the Mecca 
Bookmakers Hurdle. 

Inlander, who finished well 
to take fourth place in last 
Saturday's Imperial Cup, 
could turn out to be his most 
dangerous opponent provid- 
ing that die hard race he had 
there has not taken the edge 
off him. 

Maori Venture should im- 
prove his already excellent 
Lingfield record by winning 
the Bic Orange Razor Handi- 
cap Chase in the most capable 
hands of Steve Knight This 
under-rated jockey could en- 
joy a field day by also winning 
on Swinging Moon (2.40) and 
Kittinger (3.40). 

At Chepstow, two Grand 
National winners, Corbiere 
and Last Suspect, meet in the 
Marathon Chase but while 
both have good records on the 
course, theirs are bettered by 
that ofBroadfceath. Following 

that win at Newton Abbot on 
Wednesday, I feel be is the one 
to be on this afternoon, espe- 
cially as his sights are not set 
on glory at Liverpool 

No matter how Corbiere 
fires in the race that he won 12 
months ago, his trainer, Jenny 
Pitman, should not leave the 
course without a winner as she 
appears to -have the answer to 
the first'division of the Hare 
and Hounds Novices' Hurdle 
in the shape of her Wincamon 
winner. I'm A Dealer. 

Today’s course specialists 


18 wiDfwn from 57 
ramars 285%; R Artnytsoa, is from 60. 
^VATumei. 6 

ijw» Knfc*. 1° «*»« Irara 
4 from 16, 

250%; P Doubto, 8 Irom 41 . 


runners 21.6%; D Ganootto, 8 from 38, 
21.1%: Mrs M Rmel. 12 from 60, 200%. 
JOCKEYS: G Braotey. S MnmrB tram 13 
rides, 385%. 


l ywEfl a: J BknWL 13 wimra from 
SJFSMikWk AScoa, .15 from 83, 
amfcMH Easwrby, 24 from 111. 21.6%. 
JOCKEY&A Bnwwi, IBtMnrnm from 73, 
ridw 247%; C Hawkins, 17 tram 101, 
160%; T G Dum, IS from 90, 187%. 


TRAMmS: Mrs M Dickinson, lOwtnmm 
from 29 runners, 345%; J Webber. 13 
from 43. 302%; J EdwaMs, 15 from 51, 

JOCKEYS; R Crank. 1 8 winnert from 103, 
rides 175%c P Warner, 6 from 35, 17.1%; 
G McGourt, 6 from 39. 154%. 

Those who lay great store in 
foDowing horses for courses 
will surely give Peaty Sandy 
the edge over Hardy Lad in 
the Mercedes Benz Handicap 
Chase at Newcastle. And with 
some justification. A winner 
twice at Gosforth Park this 
season and seven times in all. 
Peaty Sandy has sound cre- 
dentials and I expect him to 
prove all the sharper for his 
run behind Hello Dandy at 
Ayr a week ago. 

Today's nap is entrusted to 
Jodamelody in the Marstons 
Brewery Handicap Hurdle at 
Utioxeter. Considering that he 
looks the epitome of a chaser, 
Indamelody has been a disap- 
pointment over fences this 
season. But he will not be the 
first of his ilk to recapture his 
form over hurdles after failing 
to make the grade chasing. 


Pylades to 

From Onr French Raring 
Correspondent, Paris 

Inherit masters Youngster (left) at die last in the first race at Lingfield (Photo: Ian Stewart) 

Canio switches to the Flat 

Canio, the 15-length winner of 
the BMW Chaw Scries Quali- 

fier at lingfie ld yesterday, is a 
probable runner on the Flat at 
Doncaster on Friday. 

His task yesterday was made 
easier when hts nearest chal- 
lenger, Ulan Bator, fell at the 
third last Although Ulan Bator 
tay flat on the tnrf for a long 
time, the Fred Winter-trained 
gelding was only winded, and 
eventually struggled op and 
trotted off. 

Canio, a former good hardier, 
and winner of the Coral Golden 
Final, was folfownm ap a rece nt 
chasing success at Taunton. His 

trainer, Ron Hodges, said: 
"He's got the class, bat b only a 
pony. With a few more runs, we 

pony. With a few more nms, we 
might have though# seriously 
about Cheltenham, bat we de- 
cided to come here instead." 

This was die thirteenth sac- 
cess of the season for Hodges 
who confirmed that the gelding 
may now revert to the Flat. 
Hodges said: "He's got 7st Sib 
in the Raring Post Marathon 
over 2V» miles at Doncaster on 
Friday. Tony McGkme, who has 
been suc cess f u l several times on 
the Flat with Canio, will be in 

Stan Mrikrr’s jockey Gareth 

Charles-Jooes fractured ribs 
and was concussed when 
Peatfold fell at die fifth flight in 
the opening race which went to 
the 33-1 chance. Inherit. 

The winner is trained near 
Brighton by Charlie Moore and 
was ridden by his daughter. 
Candy. She was deputizing for 

Peter Waiwyn sends two run- 
ners to Cagnes-sur-Mer for 
tomorrow's Grand Prix Du 
Couseil General des Alpes over 
1 Vi miles but they may prove no 
match for Pylades (Alain Junk), 
who is reported to be in great 

wagoner (Pat Eddery) is fit 
from hurdling but the 
Lambourn-trained six-year-old 
has no chance on the book with 
Ajarann (Guy Guignard). who 
beat him by a distance at Cagnes 
eight days ago and is likely to 

give Pylades most to do. 

Parang (Nicky Howe) also 
re p re s e nts Waiwyn but he has 
not run since finishing second to 
Riva Rose over hurdles at 
Wincanton in early January and 
is likely to need the outing. 

Charlie Booth, the Yorkshire 
trainer, often does well on bis 
early spring raids at Cagnes and 
he runs Beau Mirage (John 
Matthias) and Carribean Tyrne 
(Howe) in the Prix Policeman 
over 10 furlongs. 

• This year's Jefferson Smurfit 
Memorial Irish St Leger is to be 
run on a Sunday for the first 
time — one of two Sunday 

her brother, Gary, who broke his 
hand and a collar bone when 
Telephone N ambers suffered a 
fatal fell at Sandown last Sat- 

Miss Moore, aged 21, has now 
set her sights on becoming 
champion amateur lady rider 
this season. 

meetings at the Curragh. The 
Turf Club and Racing Board, 
encouraged by the success of the 
six 1983 Sunday meetings and 
the recent Leopardstown fix- 
ture, have already announced 

eight Sunday fixtures for the 
1986 Flat season with a further 

1986 Flat season with a further 
three to be named within the 
next fortnight. 

UK \ I Its and IN MEMO- 
KI \M £J a far * IfN VAT. 

inuaiuiq .1 Ian) 
VwmnictK aaihcaucwd 
h> ilv name and ptn nao t n l 
«Ur« at ibr vender. m> be 
•M ha 

Fa BOX «M 

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vuhwihcn nahl r 01-01 


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uuum ml I. mam (01-481 
40UB OnlvJ. Fur poNicaiiiin 
(hr hiOaming dai. phone In 

Foinucmiivt; hub* 

on t nun and Sural ftir-B* 
far * !$*■ VAT. 
t utm and Social fat 

a— ww n on M fc 

ail vp led h 

Imnnn bt II4SZ WJ3L or 
lend in- I PrHiltM Shut ■ 
land pa Kl. 

Mini mhn t fa fc d ad*cn- 
wimk eta hr uitr ud In 
Ir h -phnwc The deadline n 
MUpm ' <b>i pray to poNt- 
catmn lie. 941 fan Memdai tor 
4nlmh>l Vhmld ion mil 
to mHl an athmnnoem in 
■ mii« plow met ode your 
davtmr phone number. 

rrsroMKs snums 
sni iR-rm nr prtWwn 
Khln| in lour adirnnmeM 
mtr ii hap appeared pksse 
iMiui ttor ( inanorr Scrum 
IV-ionmoti b> Kh pho wc 00 
01-MI 300k. 

. Non' on re Hi Ihc inf of Uif 
ualf MU CMMimranf 10 
out auuv 11 By tor unfm of 

ARCHKU On March SOl to 
Stacey and laa a m 
WfflUm Saunders, a brottier 
tar James. 

CASTUDCEOn Sth Marcti at 
Newcastle, to Liz t nta Wbflej 
and Michael. a son. 

DUDLEY On February 28th to 
Susan (nee Harrison) and 
Mark, a daughter UiOta 
Rachel Rose). 

ETMBN6TON on March 7th to 
Bridget into Ralph) and Pat- 
rick. a daughter Charlotte, a 
Sister tar Thomas. 

HUME On March i ith to Shei- 
la <nce Nolan) and Charlie 
two. yes two. boys Jasn and 
Sam. A0 won. 

Hin— K on March 12th. to 
Unda and Thomas, a son. 
Thomas Albert Windsor. 

POWELL On March 10th to 
Jenny (nte Osmond) and 
Hugh, a son. Roeert John, a 
brother tar Kate. 

POWELL to Sarah (nfe John) 
and Richard on 6th March 
1986. a son Janes, brother 
tar Elizabeth. 

TAYLOR On March 9. to Helen 
Oiee Fowler) and David, a, 
soa. Fettx Beth une. 

6th to Luanda (obe Farr) and ; 
Richard, a daughter. Emily, 
staler for Edward. Charlotte 
Hiuf Thomas. 


HOBDAY Peacefully on Hlh 

I March Doctor Frederick 
Thomas John at Miiford-on- 
Sra. Hampshire. HiBband of 
Soerina. father of George. 
John and Seartna. Dona- 
tion if desired lo 
Alzhrimpr* Disease Society 
(01) WI 5177. 

JOWCTT On March 12th. » 9 #d 
66 years. Peter Waring 
MJL. of Gsdofih. Newcas- 
tie-U pan -Tyne. Dear 

husband of Net and father of 
David and PhaUp. Service at 
AU Saint's Church. Gosfarth. 
on Wednesday. 19th of 

, March at i i .45am. totiowed 
by ermaaon at Newcastle « 

12.30Mn. Family omen 
only please. 

KMSMAN Mkfmd Jan. On 
March 7th 1986. saddesdy in 
York. D oored stm of Ih* tale 
Rc re dd ILL Kkrenan Of 
Montrref anil o t KaourtiK 
Wimre of Unnoxvioe. 
Quebec and brother of 
Jocelyn Mascarentias of For- 
est HHL London, and of 
Jeremy or Ottawa. Cana da 
Funeral In York on March 
18th al 10.45am in Wart MB 
Church. Donations In lieu Of 
(lowers to Music Camp, c/o 
Michael MtBuns. Canadian 
High CooMWaRon. London. 

PHAR&MMU Irene £» 
bem. peacefully on 12th 
March: greatly loved amt 
wtt be much tittered tar Her 
Umai e ii . grandchUdren and 
fttoida in Britain and Indta- 
Service 0 West London Cns 
tnatortian. Tuesday I8th 
March. 2.15 pm. Rowers to 
Kenyons. Martoes Road. 
London W8. 

1 1th March 1986. peacefully 
0 Begbroofcc. Margaret, el- 
dest daughter of the Me Mr 
A mh Charles Robertson. 
Forded By The Rights of the 
Holy Church. Funeral at St 
Pwtip-s priory. Begbrook*. 
Monday 17ih March at 
11.60am. Flowers to 
Jemma Brothers. Union 
Street. Woodstock. Oxford. 

ROWAN On March 11th 
Dorothy, beloved mother of 
Evadne. Beverley and Ivan. 
Funeral. 21.30am March 
17th. AH saint's Church. 

SCHUFTAN on March 7lh 
1986. peacefully In hospital 
m Edinburgh. Alice, widow 
Paul Sctutftan. much loved 
mother of Dorothy and Eve- 
lyn. mother-in-law of Tom 
and Colin and grandmother 
0 Richard. RacheL John and 

SOUTH <nfe Mason). On 
March 1 2th 1986. Angela 
Ruth, widow of John and 
mother of Sarah and Joanna. 
Funeral 0 Rusfunere 
Church, tpswteh on March 
20lh 0 2.30pm. No flowers 
please, but any donations to 
MJ-N.D.. c/o Stn^eton and 
Hastmes. 21 Berners Street. 

WI T S - On March 130i. 
EdUh Muriel. 0 West 
HamoneR Nursing Home, 
peacefully, aged 86. Funeral 
Chichester Crematorium 
Monday March 17th 0 4.30 
pm. Flowers 10 Hollands. 3 
jubilee Road. Chichester. 



HODCE - David George, died 
tragically 17tfi OetaDer 
1985. cremation 0 
Amentum crematorium. 
17th March 0 12.30om. 




BARNAR D Joanna Cecffla 
OAE. peacefully after a 
lengthy mne». born with 
cour ag e and dignity, on I2th 
March 1986 0 Glebe House. 
GoudhursL Kent Funeral 0 
St Mary's Church. 
Goudhuret 00 Thursday 
20th March 0 3 OCtora. fol- 
lowed by prtvale crema tio n 
and later Interment of ashes 
0 Wye Church. Family dow- 
ers only. Donations if desired 
toTheWJt.VS.. Benevolent 
TrusL 17 OM Park Lane. 

REACH AM on March .10th 
peacefully in hosafal Joseph 
of Bradford Atxws. 
Sherborne. Me of 
Mkhebnereh. Romsey. 
H a mpsh i re. Husband of the 
Ute Ovtsdna. f0her 0 PauL 
Gflhaa and Patrick, father-in- 
law 0 Peta Anne and John. 
Grandfather to Trudy. Har- 
ry. Christopher. Mark. 
Sarah. Jessica Amanda and 
Richard. Great grandfather 
0 Samuel and Matthew. Be- 
loved tar 0L Funeral service 
Mkhehnersh Church. Thurs- 
day. March 20th at 2 pra. 
Family (lowers only may be 
sent to A H Cheater Funeral 
Directors. Romsey but dona- 
tions if desired 10 Save The 
ChSdren Fund. Cheap SL 
Sherbrne. Dorset. 

REMSON Horace Claude. Cota- 
pel RJLM.C- (retired) 0 
Labunnm Coftape. Green 
H am mef lo n. York, on 13th 
March 1986. aged 83 years, 
dotty loved husband 0 
Jean. Military funeral 0 St 
Thomas's Church. Green 
Hammerton. an Monday 
March 17th 0 11 JO am tal- 
lowed by prlvale crema tio n. 
No flowers phase, donations 
in lire 0 Bowen 8 desired to 
the R.A-M.C-. Benevolent 
Fund. A plate win be placed 
m church. Enouiriea to T 
Backhouse A Sen. 
H mm ngore WeUierby 09015 

EASTBATE Joy. On 13th 
March 1986. peacefUly 0 St 
John's HosrttaL aged 80. 
Modi loved mother 0 Tony. 
Bobby and Marianne. Funer- 
al Wednesday 19th Maim 0 
3.45pm. Putney vale crema- 
Mclum. Family flowers only. 

PBXiMNG Gerrard Vance 
Scovefl. R.N. peacefully on 
March 14th 0 Gulldfard 

aUB UL Margaret (n^e 
McCUnfodO on March 12th 
1986. poaoefUUy and wfth 
gre 0 dfgntw two days after a 
heart attack, aged 66 years. 
Deeply loved wife 0 Robert 
and mother 0 Jonathan and 
Robin. Funeral Service 0 
Reacting crematorium on 
Wednesday March 19th 0 
12J0PBL Family flowers 
only but If desired, donations 
to SrlltNi Diabetic Asiocia- 
tion. c/o AB. Walker A Sons 
Ltd.. 36 EMon RPbd. 

am J HCBAM on March lStii 
1966. peace fu l l y in hos0t0. 
wmiam Brooks, aged 83 
yean. 0 Homelands. West 
Road. Brktport: dear hus- 
band 0 p«Tie. and devoted 
father 0 Deb. Funeral Ser- 
vlct M St John the Bands! 
Church. Bymondsbigy. jm 
Wednesday March 
om. followed by cremation at 
Weymouth. No flow ers by 
reguest, donations. If dared- 
tar SI. Akin the Bantu 
Church. Symondstwnr C/O 
A J. Wakeb' k Sons- 91 East 
Street BTWport. DorseL 

HARE On tSh Marchtgse. 
Macendty 0 Sbbett0i 
SSor Ninsmg °«r 

Martrt ««t>oP 0 ti^i- Roreaw 
aged 86 years, dear father 0 
Richard. Private eiwnabon. 


Please let them be ours! 

Because our specialist, skilled, 
caring staff communicate with ; 
those deaf a nd bfod/dea f people 
whom other social workers 
canmA reach! 

Your covenants, donations and 
legacies could mafce aU the 
difference to our wrpriiiiiiy 
direct service of care. 

The Royal Association 
in Aid of the Deaf 
and Dumb 
27 Old Oak Road. 

Acton. London W3 7HN. 

term KHTIi* Own FmbMUMI 


Together we can beat it 

We fund * 41 T iw ihirri ol 
ill ( into (he pirven- 
mm jihJ vine ol voiuer ni 
the UK. 

Helpm-li) vendmgailfwu 
mm or nwki - j h-gj. > i»k 

Research Vi 

2C H.him- trrf>,. 
ifVpi n-ttn Li .md-iiiMMl '.VP 


Madina FUFTt. fcoooimcaiiy 
and eutoenuy ACHIEVE- 
MENTS ilUfei I Lid.. NOrUKMI*. 
Cameritury. Kent Cri ibat 
Trt 0227J«2618. 

PERT Havv you suffered twunT 
w. ran mb you make • tttm 
In me IS Courts Hfer-KWerA 
CO- Sollcilan. Trt 0042 65966 

WHEN B* LONDON rent 9 TV or 
video try da*, wfc or moiun. 
TOPS rv 01-720 4469. 

a mh rpuiurv repim lire 
lute ineftiding nanvui. Artnur 
BrrIL 7U d— Vl * GdOdwIn 

£3 rtuHton aorfca (or toimtouir 
drthrry MWM. «« 
Hmtov (0491) 4*IUS. 
BownnrtOulh i0202) 2S5S80. 
Tomham <0342871 raaa. 
Brrfcrtn-. Oos »cw aa^ aiQJ «. 
old yom r Avnra srorte. a* 

rKiiiioubr £jkHW« eonai- 
Ci.. w imr Sun* Sale, savv 
t UTS and order now OtflB- 

553721. _ 

TICKCra tor W 
SurWH 11 cap. O m^ ^ 
au iiwalre and room- ssi 
6016/829 «>«9S 

a E.v/VRa/Dm*T9 
aSrtww M . Qf*. l« MS. 
An ttieilre »d worta 
Trt B2166l6.a»<> 49S - 
AE* * Vbb - DKiert 
THE TMKS 11814 19851. Ctive 
T S«e«rS. «WNI fa-r AM 
the very day mey vmre bom 
Trt- 01 486 6306. 

IVORY LEATRER dmfa room 
su«e. 4434 tor*, a ebrtre. wo 
Trt 01 6l> 2881. 

IHANO- rarishL 

id rust rand f.lHb CM ar- 
ranoe deuvrry. 01-483 0148. 

MNXri OF NimOtO, Four 

poster (mb and Georman siyN 
bedroom lurmlun- m Vow and 

Manovany vmeecs L*PF 

mo w roam now open T» aim 
Centre. Peadum Trt: 10734 

room suue aeriwno 04 
Zanotu ituponed by Ubwiy^ 
suss Utae 80 * 1*0 with a mart 

lealtier crvnrv Scwrrty u»ed 
£1.600 ono Tel 01722 9987 
after 7 OOpm 


12 ft wide Wilton carpels re 
ducrO Item C 22 per so yd tc 
£9 9090 yd Chancery Carpeto. 
97. 99 Cserfcenwrtl Rd. London 
EC1. Ol 405 0455 
FINEST Quality wool cal Mia. Al 
trade oners and und er . no 
available lOCTv extra. Large 
room wf miin»is under half 
nvrmalimre Chancery Carpers 
Ol 406 0455 


EXM OOR ye (to* "J 

rWma- walking/ Usldno ava*- 
aMe locauv 
Ailaraon Pailey 
Oore Manor Nr Lvnion. Devon 
bi nd ., CMV 2 bedmt futlV 

mod canaoe Cdn rtUWi 

2. f t;™ oa& Trt 0320 


lE IRfE E N PQ.TT cani ermny. 
£99.000 See.eaoranndbncUb 
mm rou In acre fiMlure gdii. 2 
toe rerep. beams. mgNiwoM. 3 
Mb iWR and van unnsj fee 
baUV (Wed a« OkJ* 1 " 

M CPU. del opr. CH. Trt 630* 


SAVOY Boc Office 01836 8888 

WfSSff-SSSi s^s 

TOWN “ S TOWS 16.2. 86 

rrw f. PAonCK . -■ 






WKS r tlt The marriage 
took place On Friday l«lh 
March 1986. tf Holly Tnmty 
Brampton. 0 Mr Bradley 
Steven BaytL son 0 Mr Rob- 
ert w Boyd 0 WocdskJe. 
Cabfomia ind Mre Heather 
Boyd 0 Foster CUy. Califor- 
nia and Mas Mary Forester 
only tfaugtber 0 Mr Charles 
Forester of Lovenon. 
Worcestershire and Mrs Alan 
Hopkins 0 London. The 
herfmim WK Mr J Scott 
Boyd, the bridesmaids were 
Miss Victoria wills and Miss 
Melanie Bonn and the pages 
were Harry and Freddy For- 
ester. The honeymoon win 
be spent abroad. 


March. Thank you for being 
us 1 love you - S- 

todayl Happy Mri hdmf- to** | RHEUMATISM SUFFE R ER S We 
from Mommy and Pad dy. 1 conducting a nadotiwldc 
PAUL MMOL (MR COOL) I marfcrt rmearrti to order to 
Buw Hirtnday HIC. The | mtabiah Uie apprmimue num- 
ber 0 rtwiwawi sufferer*. If 
you are one of mem «TM to 
Magnefcon «uxi DnCrtlniMrs. 
Freepost 13. London WlE 2QZ. 
Conreatulatkwa on yore 21st 00 TOU NNOW your Family 
ah+MrT«Bh JD hive. HMory7 Lei us And oul tor you 

Ffw* brochure hom Windsor 
T«P BY. -NMNBE h 40 to da y. Ancestry Resewcn CTT IO> 
Nappy Btruiday wuh tove from Freepost 973. Windsor, genes. 

SLA ZBR Tel; 107531 8S718I 

CltACXNELL in ever loving 
memory 0 Freda, dearly be- 
loved first wife 0 Desmond 
and mother 0 Valerie. 
Vivienne. Roger and Victor, 
who passed away on March 
160i i960. Our Drava brave 
*weeone' now safe In the 
arms 0 God. 

CtIRZON A Memorial Service 
for the late James Qulntm 
Penn Cureon. will be held on 
Saturday April 19th 1966 at 
11.30 am. In St Andrew's 
Cathedral. Aberdeen. 

HOPES Jimmy • Who died in 
hospital on March lGth 
1986. You are with me al- 
ways. my love. Pauta. 



VI* lecuee haB-ocaKl lamty *- 

cwmnc3«OT « ncnf*-«sf Ionian 

to Emocetn sMknts and necy- 
ms Wfcvnng Ergka courses in 

Please aS Uagnge Stefas 

01-794 8111/2. 


psoersdnrrlor Itom Melbourne 
vHMing London is keen cash 
buyer ef eacrifenf worvs of an 
bv prominent Australian ariisu. 
past and pmcia please write 10 
Michael I cany 1 Esq r a James 
Ktrtunan lid. 4c Brorapfon 
SQuarr. London SW3 2AF 

ROBM HOOD: looking tor video 
tape* of HTVs Orel ana second 
senes. Cad ISA 812-333 
5357. reverse charges. 

KM. lAUnnt A SONS LTD, Ml 

1872 NunnsnuiBb. coun and 
medals Conecnons or single 
WFcimm bowfii Adrtpm Ter- 
race. London UC2 TeL 01-930 

Desks. Bookcase etc 4 Pre 1940 
furniture TeL Ol 565 OI4Q or 
Ol 228 2?16 

■INGLE GARAGE wanted. Hays 
Mews Wl. Trt. 01 636 5060 
ext 3155. 



Wicanders Corkoplasf 
Tiles, design natural only 
£8.95 per sq yd ♦ VAT. 
Wool mix Berber carpets 
dm wide Hessian backed 
£4.35 per sq yd + VAT. 
While nocks last. 

148 Wandsnorffl Bndge Rood 

Parsons Green. Sw& 

Tel: 01-731 3368/9 

Free estimate Expert fining- 


Ungths avafeus vrth efes sunatto 
te manvirokesof eftan taduOng 
ERCOt: md Metal md 
wood fangs. Teftaon amgt 6 nog 
oona ideal tat Psrie* kna* chars 3 
otn* metes, ado ag og springs, 
rubber oUdorms. and otter iphofetwy 

Jermyn Street quality at 
affordable prices 

^ >X’.\puretwo4old cotun poplin, the shirting 
-\ V\ ^ talvK chosen by itiewortifs most 
OSty-\. j famous shiTTmakerslundi lustre 
J and silken ted mates it cool and 
A’lj comkMableloueardl year round 
yeUte qualify olaatoii poplin 
L stands 14:10 years a( use . Our 
ft counrrv shirts are marie froma 
btendof2D , %vwoland80 , l.cohan 


/ Ckfftreecoloiirbrochweilluslratesour 
wide range of patiemsand cokXBs in 

ancle or double oilfs and attached 
or detached collars. 


nHermg a choice oi up lo 
T'diftemd slew te^lhstw 
enure vnur shirts M vou 
pwfcrtkWfecwnbine tha 

\bu do not tew lopayterru yo Str eet prices fora supetMyfintfied 
shat By ckatas (fired we amid Londons expenawWicsi End 
i overheadsaDdpas5thebene&ontoyou.Vn we forfeit none o( 


fabrics are usad to mate our 

i'i •!- ~ - 1 ■ 1 • - ! i -ijjm 1 a 

■WtT; n? rP ?Tiff ■ ■ 1 

rival theruKst made to 
measure dwt you can buy 


^faurwr embroidered initials in line sflkyamonyour shirt girtsit 
dial utt mutedistiflctive touch. 


Our lades' shirts are made boro the same fine quahtycottiffl poplin 
andour pure silk ues and bow ties after you one of tire widest ranges 
of spotted alkuesjoucan Imdai^where. 

\ftUJE for money TAMFSMRADr 

Mens shtrtsare from £2350 ladiesdiirts 

kom SJl Uli and lies from Skin ^ ^ 

Sr. Jbbw MmteSMrts lid, FREDVSi; London SW98K 
Or tetepf»ne0i-27-l 3)00(24 hours) troa. 

Fleasie send ik }uirH(EE ltd) colour bforfues and fabric sanfifes. 

NAMEfte.-MrsMia Tolei_ 

H7-UIK4 Am--- J — 1 l j 

FOR SALE 6 Dining Chairs- 2 
Can. ere cnipnmgdale Style 
£>0 Trtrohonc: 0642- 
700462 after 7pm 
ANTIQUE Mirrors. Trade prices. 
125 PortobrUo Rd. Wli. Sat 
only 1 0-4. 375614a A46-9 15 




London’s leadinq wctalttt m 
new aog rruorrd ptonos. lor 
On- largest genuine Mlecnon 
available 30* HMhgale Rd 
NWS 01-267 7671. Free 

ceptional condition Offers over 
£4000 01 686 4981. 


TROUT and salmon (ty ftsMng 
courses Devon Charles Bing- 
ham Tei CMIIalOfi 281. 


min bitch Both parents show 
winners. C2IS. Tet 073086 
280 <Hamp9>. 


AD your spice needs (or 
cuisine by mall order. 

For details and lists write 
to: A.P. SPICES. Dept ID. 
PO Box 2. SHAW. OLD- 


*00 IMI S*m* * ,0 * 


Hastemete 3 - A3 Mete 

way i< mte. A new 5 bedrooms} 
bungalow id to ol an acre. Ac- 
commodation 2.600 sq tt to 
nckte 3 ba Hnnoms. gas fnC 
CH. sealed urn oame tfaang. 
double garage 

PB5.BM Rgakott 
Aoest- Peter Lertc 6 Fatten 
M2373 UU 

ABSROOVEY. 5 rmlev. henry 
Barrao Timcshase pado bouse, 
sleep* 8. to reol. April 1301 • 
20th. EeceUeM ensile (aclUHes. 
£29S on.o plus heauag- Trt 
•Oil 670 6<>00 

sandy oeacn hobday home 
from £45 me rlecl cm tv sips 6 
shop pub nearto Trt 0 99 * 6 366 


OAK 1MOKIP Pacific Salmon, 
sold all year in the West Coun- 
try Sides- vac -par gin box 2 
1 -ate av wl £17.60. 21b* av 
wt_ £15 Sliced pM* fa av 
wlX 18.60. lib a* wl. K 10.50. 
reice fuel pAp UK Brochure. 
DevonOak Smoked Foods LM.. 
Dartmoulh. Devon. 


central London from £32S pw 
Rtnp Town Hse Apts 373 3433 
FtfTNKY. ArtaTs Comfortable 1st 
fir Fum 110 for course (or 3,3 
mths £80 pw incL 01789 0030 


witn 2 prof female* Ige newly 
decorated hse C.-h Own bed 
and bath. Oou lube* faopw. 
IncJ. F 2S plus. Trt Lorna. Work 
•■6. 6-10: Ol 740 8040. 

told OLYMPIA Own rm ut town 
house. Free Parking £66 pw 
inri Trt: 01-602 6154 

nWU arcomm Knlghtsbrldge 
In reTOm for some care of elder- 
ly gentleman wiih impaired 
sight. Remuneration Oy ar 
rp n getwiM. Reply to BOX D06. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing 
well estab talroductory service. 
PB* l« for appt: 01589 6491. 
313 Brum pton Road. SW3 
M7F. O/R. to share 1st door 
flN. £35 pw * Mils 7496686. 
EafaB Cnmu WS suit qidrt fe- 
male own room £30 per week 
exct.oi S6T 3810 
STM KEN. Lux Lame O/R. TV. 
Cdiw tennis F Grad. EASpw. 
All Bid Trt 01 589 4730 

Ftaine. depart Thursday, rtn. 
Monday 4 full da»% skl-hig. 
Dm Ski Chib Of err Britain 
01-238 7408. tMon-Frtl 
rwh. Munich etc. Resort 
transfer ftom £69 Ski -f*L 
10375) 864811 

SUPERB SKWM. catered Chalet 
In southern French AIM. exc 
food, individu als parile* wel- 
come 0825 67898. 

FEW VACS ONLY. 22-29 3. 
S 4 High aumidr skiing. Ski 
Total 0932 231113. 
■unum. Hotel Bargains. 
22. 3 with, wtmoui (bgho. 
Sklwortd Ol 602 4826 



C»«ctuc0kin0 - Boanting - 

Required In September 
1986 young wefl^juanfied 
graduate 10 leach BIOLO- 
GY to *D* and ‘A* meL 
Some assistance with 
Chemistry or Physics lo *0' 
level b required. 

Ability lo coach either 
rugby /cricket or 

hockey/ tennis would be 01 

CommUment to Coeduca- 
tional boarding 

envir on m ent essenOaL 

AppUcatiom. ghrtng the 
names 0 two referees lo 
The Headmaster. 

GkMHBWlrfc School. Settle. 
North Yorkshire. BD24 
ODE. from whom further 
particulars are available. 

mun HALLt home study for 
LL8. Warwick MBA<. Prospec- 
IUK The Principal. DspLAL9- 
Wotsey HaB. F l rep ost Oxford 
0X2 6BR. Trt; 0865 622000 
124 hrsL 

■afMAMS 6 wk. mo cbne. caom 
Visual Arts Course sons. 28th 
April. Apply Principal 01-584 




Eres MMrii «M1 SMI VICTON1A PALACE Ol 814 1317. 

Eros T JO. MW 80 2.45 - 

734 8961 First Can 2d Hr 7 Day* 

CCBootongWSWfaCrpSNM ■ in BARNUM 


OPBIS 14 May 0 7pm 
Red Price Previews from April 30 

■ £56 »w tad: T0. Ol 502 6154* 6/rfamto 
toe. ch. mare tarilRH £1*6 
p cm tori Trt 01-889 2784 
WRAY CfWPPrtP2fa4fl0. S"fi 
w tiw . own «w rmo 



rcanocAL ccmmotnator. 

London with proven training 
exp m Africa. Must be rtuenl Ip 
F rench & Hebrew. Min auat 
BSc Ability to conceive, devel- 
op. executive A coenlnun 
battling p ro iect* in all three lan- 
guages essential. Trt: C Benson 
431 1333. 


A LOVRXM Society nupaiv 
needs experienced sales person, 
cv and referen re s necescary. 
821 8068 

BO URNE M OUTH P vacancy ex- 
to for a perron with sale* or 
maoagrmenf experience. Tele- 
phone 0002 28490 


i r — .nr 1 

87 menu SfreeLLonoon Wl. 
Trt *59 6634.UK. Oversea* 
Abo m.iteips. dome temp perm 


Nl. CENTRAL. Freehold. 4 sto- 
re* heusr. 2 double beds, 
bathroom pun serond we. 
fcil family room. Uirougn 
ireep . laundry, wortcsliap. bal- 
rony. (own garden, g < h . 
extensively renovaied. 

£(25.000. 01-220 9007 Kim. 


DULWICH Edwardian (amity tne 
■tuny eng features. S beds, 
bath. 3on reeep. 2nd recea. (11 
kn ■ b'f att rm. gch. »20fl gdn- 
on street park, walk did. Dul- 
wich cob and Prep. IS. min 
cuy. vtctona £H9.oOO. 01- 
761 3021- 


Spacious r (anna 1st fir 24 
studio, nailery, balcotiy. KAB. 
L 75.800 Tel S89 9400 eve 


R EGE NTS PARK NW1 attractive 
matsonrtte dose to park- shop* 
and iranspdrt. Fully furn. 
reeep. kit. 2 beds, batti. 
I140PW. Avail 6 months. Ol- 
387 6573 or 01-359 2123. 


Lata On*. For the best nadon- 
wtoe cash buyers PMM Lotus 
Norfolk 0603 407766 m. 

144 1988 Blade Berber him low 
mu ESR ROM P io n eer FSH. 
Oveneas posting must sett. 
£15.995 no offers. 01-636 




Pwaaer Pwa j fq toae • 
lua st. atAmtcw p a s si on 
IR tofci 

loneon Coon Cage M Ototo 
n 1 Itom MU CdBrtrai D EL 
D m br PM «n deque ml 
ui trip CrtA CM. 8. 
to 01 Ura Umv. Beds LU3 


pq 0 rt« ttafer (Min. 

2000 EASIER W* 

in your own business . 
Free information from 
WEL Dept TT 4a 
Knights Chambers Ed- 
monton Green London 



CHANNEL London : - 

_ ^ w u fort ?B)i mStartiOo 

PortMOLesFrancaisChBZ-Vous • 
Gardons *» 

AU13ti4flO F«m Focus '11.00 The 
OAer Side 0 Utster 1ZA0 Atimmurar ' 



ia *L.4t a~, • ^ ■ - • - 

i'Ht liMti SAi uAOAi iviaj^c-n Id iy&o 


Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 

• a 


BBC 1 

7-1ff Opto LUmnN*. Una 
- 82 a. 

*■» "Z&l 061 * ***** « 
of the acN«mur» story set 
Jn Nw Zealand during tha 
* „ ySBySSnan 

KettAChegwm takes the 
_ Superstore van to Dieppe: 

hack in the stufio. Patrick 
- .Mwhas the latest news 
of the Giottoprobe to 
. HaJley’sCorretflum 
Mactoc answers viewer*’ 
telephone caWs: and vet * 
■ ■ Nigel Taytor ha* advice on 


12.15 Grandstand, introduced 
by Desmond Lynam. The 
une-up is; 1240 Footed 
Focus; 1245 , 1-os and 

1-35 Rating from 

Urwriekfcliso Rugby 
■ Union preview; 1.00 
. -Ntiw; 1^0 Boxing: Rocky 
•' Ketty v Steve Watts: 1-50 
Rugby Union: France v 
England: Ireland v 
Scotland; 4.15 Foottoa* 
scores up-date; «2D 

5-05 News with Jan ! 
r • : Weather 5.15 1 

-5JZ0 The Moppet Show. The 
: is singer John 

-5^5 Jan’S Fh It Among those 
tor whom Mr Savife has 
fixed -it bit-year old girt to 
crush grapes with her 




6.20 The Dukes of Hazzani. 

The two tearaways 
become Involved with a 

» panicky gangster when . 
Daisy accidentally 
acquires a pocket book 
j details of a top 
"a activities. 
iand Large 
comedians 1 guests are 
Janet Brown. Dave Lee 
Travts ana Frank Bruno. - 
'■ TCeefax) 

7^0 Every Second Counts. -- 

coupJSI^^^^y 0 fW 

' Paul Daniels. 

8.15 The Collectors. The men 
and women of HM 
Customs and Excise are 
on the trail of a rebated 
petrol fiddle. (Ceetax) 

9.05 News and sport. With Jan 
Leommg. Weather. 

9.20 FUm: The Brink's Job 
11978) stamnq Peter Fafc. 

*'• *. r. 
•-■V- \ 

' Peter Boyle and Gena 
Rowlands. Thriller, based 
on fact, about a small-time 
crook who. In 1944. comes 
out of prison to be re- 
united with his cronies. A 
series of minor robberies 
leads to the biggest when 
they accidently discover 
the location at the main 
vault oflhe Brink's 
security oompany. 

Directed toy Wifflam 

11.00 FHm: Patrick (T97B) 

ES5 Good Morning Britain, 
introduced by Mike Monte. 
.. Weather at 648; news at 

7-00; region* report at 

■wtedea news and . . 
weather at 84tS. 


&2S No 73. This week's visitors 
: include ShawTayior. Drum 
. Theatre, -and, on video, 
Siouxsie. 114QCaptafer 

- Seartet Science fiction 
adventurea^r) 1140 

Secret Valley. Manama 
fafla foul of junkyard 

- owner. Mr Van Gewer. 

12.00 News with Carol Barnes. 

12.05 Saint and Greavsfe. Ian 
and Jimmy discuss the 

- footbaH scene, in 
particular tomorrow’s 
televised game between 
Everton and Chelsea, and 
touch on other sports; 
12L30 Wrestfing. Two . 
bouts from Castle Hafl, 

• Hertford. 

140 Ahwolf. The wonder 
. heScopterfacesa 
challenge to Its invicibfflty 
when an apparently 
superior version takes to 
the skies. 2.15 Benson. 

His tanner employer. 
Jessica Tate, pays him a 
visit and the rest of the 
staff think he Is talking to 
himself. - 

245 Woman's Inter natio nal 
Hockey from Wembley. 

The Tipp-Ex Trophy game 
between England aha 
Canada, introduced by 
Dickie Davies. The 
commentators are Neil 
DurdervSmrth and Anne 

4.45 Results Service. . 

5.00 News with Carol Barnes. 

5.05 Connections. Sue Robbie 
presents another round of 
the quiz-game tar 

535 The A-Team. The fearless 
foursome done the garb of 
caterers in order to save 
an heiress from an 
arranged marriage with 
her father’s murderer, (r) 

630 Bobby Davro on the Box. 
The fkst of a new series 
starring the comedy 
impressionist His guest is 
■ feUowimpresstomst. 

Jessica Martin. 

730 The Price is Right Les&e 
. Crowther presents - 
another edition of the 
creedv dame show. 


Bobby Dome Ob the Box, on ITV at i 
Aida, on Channel 4, at ! 

Kghh Fascinating 

BBC 2 




University. Until 


and Robert Helpmann. A 
horror movie about* 
nurse who takes a . .. 
sympathetic interest in a 
young patient who has -- 
been m a comatose 
condition since Tus modiar 
died. It gradually emerges 
that he has strange ■ 
powers. Directea by 
Richard FranhSn. 

1240 Weather. '. 

about a Los Angeles 
police captain looking for 
the kHler of two patrol 
men; and contacts of a 
loose woman who died of 
d i pt h eri a . Directed by 
' Bernard McEveety. 

945 News and s port 
1030 Aspef and Company. The 
guests are Paul Nicholas. 
Aimeka Rice and Les 

; 10.45 LWT News headlines 
! . followed by The Making of 

. .. mad Max. Behtad the . . 
scenes look at the making 
of the third MadMax fflrn. 
.1140 A Song for frofand. Bryan 
Murray ts the guide on a 
tow of popular Irish 

1235 Wght Thought*. 

230 F»nrThe Woman ort the 
Beach' (1947) starring 
Joan Bennatt Robert 
Ryan and Charles 
Bickford. Mystery thrffler 
about a young United 
States fumy officer who 
becomes embroiled with 
the wife of a blind artist 
Directed by Jean Renoir. 
335 FDm: Secret Beyond the 
Door (1948) starring Joan 
Bennett and Michael 
Redgrave. After a 
whirlwind romance Cefia 
Barrett marries Mark 
Lampherej but back at 
their home in New England 
CeKa discovers a 
disturbing side to her new 
husbaixrs behaviour. 
Directed by Fritz Lang. 
440 -Laramie. Sim goes to the 
rescue of a woman 
trapped atihe bottom of a 
well. Starring John Smith 
and Robert Fulter.(r) 

5.30 Deutseh dk-ekti The last 
ime in the 
course, (r) 

545 Horizon: re-tech ale 
Fmncatee. How France 
became a woridieader in 
high technology, (r) 

6.45 NewsView. Jan Lee mi 
with the day's news; M 
Stuart reviews the week's 
news in pictures with 
subtitles, weather. 

735 International Pro- 
Celebrity Golf. Gary 
Player and Arnold Palmer 
are joined by Steve 
Cauthen and Tommy 

8.15 The Sea of Faith. The 
fourth protpamme in the 
sari asm which Don Cupttt 
explores the reasons 
behind today's crisis of 
faith. (Ceetax) 

935 Stuart Burrows Sings in 
the Singe! Hail. Antwerp- 
945 Saturday Review indudes 
Bryan Appteyard talking to 
Richard Rogers, the 
architect ofUoyds of 
London's controversial 
new building. 

1046 Fibre Orphans of the 

Earth (1984) starring Tania 
Alves. An award winning, 
made-for-television drama 
from Brazd about the 
women who struggle to 
keep their famBies fed 
during the drought season 
when their husbands are 
in the South looking for 
work. Directed by Paulo 
Afonso Gisoffi. (subtitled) 
1140 The Benny Golson 
Or ches tr a * recorded in 
concert in 1964. (r) Ends at 
1230 l 

1.10 Face of the Deep. The 
drifting populations that 
to habit the surface layer of 
the ocean off Bermuda, (r) 
'ZOO Film: Songs of the Islands 
(1942) starring Betty 
Grabte and Victor Mature. 
Romantic musical about a 
young woman who returns 
to her home in Hawaii after 
studying in the United 
States. She fans for the 
son of the farmer wtth 
whom her father is hi 
conffict Directed by Walter 

330 FBm: Inspector Homleigh 
Goes To IT (1940) starring 
‘ Gordon Marker, Alastair 
Sim and PhyHls Calvert 
During the Second World 
War, two policemen enlist 
■ as army recruits in order 
to investigate a series of 
thefts. By accident they 
uncover a network of 
Directed by Waiter 

spies. L 

535 BrooksUM 
630 Family T* 
comedy series. 

630 Unforgettable. The guests 
are Tne Detroit Emeralds 
and Edwin Starr. 

730 News summary and 
weather followed by 7 
Days. Robert Kee talks to 
Cardinal Sin about . 
religion, politics and 
revolutionary government 
730 Down Home. Part three of 
the four-programme 
documentary series 
tracing the history of fiddle 
playing features 
performers from Canada’s 
Atlantic coast 
830 Saturday Live. This 
week's edition of the 
alternative comedy show 
is introduced by 
Fascinating Aida. 

1030 KBI Street Blues. A riot is 
on the cards after a nun is 
attacked and FuriBo 
pressurises both Joyce 
and the legal system in his 
efforts to see that justice 
is done. (Oracle) 

11.00 FBm: Son of Dreads* 
(1943) starring Lon 
Chaney Jr. A desperate 
fiance shoots the 
threatening vampire but 
the bullet goes right 
through the creature and 
hits the girt, turning her 
into oneof the living 
dead' Directed by Robert 

1230 Route 66* An episode 
from the vintage American 
series, first shown in the 
Sixties, about the 
adventures of two young 
men travelling across the 
United States.- Ends at ■■ 

FREQUENCIES: RKfio 1ct053kHi/286re;1B89kHz/275n^ RmBo 2 : 893kHz/433nr 909kH/433rn; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -9Q- 
92.5: Radio 4c 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBCc1152kHz/261m; VHF 973; C ap ita*: 154&Hz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Mo London 
1458kHz/206iwVHF94u9:Woi«Se*vlBaMF64a«Hz/463ih. . - • 

- **= 

C Radio 4 

On long wave. For VHF. see end of 

Radio 4. • 

545 Shipping 630 News 8.10 
Prelude (s) 630 News; 
Farming 640 Prayer (s) 6A 
Weather Travel . 

730 News 7.10 Today's 

Papers 7.15 On Ytxr ■ 
Farm (The British p<g)74S In 
Perspective (Johnston 
McKay) 740 Down to Earth 
745 w earner Travel 

640 News 8.10 Today's 
Papers 8.15 Sport on 4 
848 Yesterday m Parliament 
8.57 Weather; Travel 
9.00 News 

9.05 Breakaway. A practical 
guide to holidays. 

940 News Stand. Alan 
Rusbndger rewes the 
weekly magazra*. 

1DL05 The wee* m 

Westminster reviewed by 
Peter Kellner. 

1030 Loose Ends: (Ned 
Shemn and studio 

11.30 From Our Own 

12.00 News: Morey Bax 

1237 Take me to your Reeder. 

Tim Brooke-Taylor m . 

The Old Man and The Sea 
1245 Weather 

1.00 News . 

1.10 Any Questions? With 
Viscount Etienne 
Davignon. Norman Lament 
MP. Tony Benn and Sue 

230 News; bish Drwna: 

Second Opmon by John 
P Rooney. With Fiona 

330 News, internation al, _ 
Assignment. Wdft BSC 

330 The Saturday Feature. 

Tne True Heart, a 
porrrad of SyMa Townsend 
Warner, poet and 

4.15 Not Another Dwt 

Pro gra mme. The British 

445 The Fosdyke Saga: 

Based on Bd Tidy s 
cannon strip (r). 

5.00 The Uvmg world. Spices 
and Other Crops. 

536 Week Ending. Satirical 
review. 540 
545 Weather. 

6.00 News. Sports Round-UD 

625 Conversation Piece. Sue 

MacGregor tafics te Dr 
Tony O'RBHy. prwdent and 
chief executive of me H J 
Hemz Company. 

640 Ten Thousand Mites t» 
an Overdraft Fred 
Basngit and fnend- lyre 
reached Norway on thwr 
way to Moscow. 

7.W Stop the Weak with 
Robert HobflSOAfSl 

7.45 Baker's Dozen. Richafd ■ 
Baker wan records 

830 Satuntey-Nig« Theatre. 

The Sack of me Tger by. 

Jack Gereoo. With Martin 
" Cochran as the marked 
man(s) • 

T030 News - • ■' 

10.15 Evening Seriricajs) 

1030 The Turn of IheTkfe. 

Keith ward asks: 

Whatever happened to 

H30 Science Now. With Peter 

1130 The Good Human Glide, 
with the National Revue 

1230 NawsVvIfeamer1233 
Shipping • 

Wff (avatauie in Engtand and 
S. Wales only) 545-630am 
Weather TraveL 330-&00pm 
Options: 330 View at the top. 330 
Bricks and Mortgages. 430 
Literary Walks. 430 Deutseh 
Pwfctt , 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 tistings. 

645 Weather. 730 News 
735 AubedK Hotst (St PauTs 
Suite). Chnstopher 

Brown [AubadaSBC 
SjngereJ. Smdmg (Suite, 

Op 10 :Pertman. vioUn; 

Kodafy (Variations oo 
Hunganan fok song), VBIa- 
txaskoras No 1: Ensemble 
. of CeKsts). Bizet 
(Habanera. Carmen (Baitsa. 
mezzol. Busoni 
(Sonatina No 6.Chamber 
fantasy on Carmen; 

' ijxano). Biza' 

rfla. Carmen: 


, , r4ena.Cfo65). 

930 News 

935 Record Review: includes 
wmara Mann's gude to 
... recordings of TcnaStovsky's 
Symphony No 5 

10.15 -Stereo Release: Mozart 
(Concerto in A. K 822 - 

Pay. besaet clarinet and 


Academy of Ancient 
Mu«S, Mozart 

11.15 St Louis SO fonder 
Stetidn). with Trio 
CassteL Bertioz (Corsair 

T -30 News 

136 Enly Music Network: 

g»^ k,by 

Bachnend Scertattf 
230 Vaughan WBIams In Me 



430 SahmpreACcaraoand 
Bruno CanteO: vtokn and 
piano reccsL Faure (Sonata 
No f). Webem (Fbte 
pieces. Op 7), Debussy 

(Sonata in G minor), . ’ 

Ravel (Tzigane) •: 

530 Jazz Record Requests: , 
with Peter Oayton' : ' 

5.45 Cnnra’ Foctair Jim Hiley, 
Gilbert Adaa. Antivmy 
Curtis, Haary Spurting 
discuss .inter aba, John 
Le Carre's new novel A 
Perfect Spy 

635 . Music for tne iron 
Voceiorgan recital by 
Martin Haseibodc. Works by 
Schoenberg and 
Schnittke . 

7.05 Hawkwood: Poems by 
Ken Smith, read by David 

730 Sulhvan: The Golden 



Choir/soloists Armstrong, 
Walker, Tear and Van 
Allan. Mackerras conducts. 

835 The Missing 

tngredkwictalk by Julian 
Spalding. Director of 

Manchester City Art . 


845 The Golden Legend: part 

945 Conversations with . 
Alexander Pope John 
Rye and Trevor Nichols in 
readings from 
Anecdotes, by Joseph 

1030 John Marlow Rhys: Nash 
Ensemble play Capriccio 
1030 Kassner's Story: John 
Rowe plays the 
anthropologist Adrian 

10.40 La Petite Baode: Gluck 
(extracts from Orteoed 
Euridiee, with R«ie Jacobs. 
Marianne Kweksilber, 
and Magdalena Faiewicz 
1147 News. 1230 Closedown. 

'"y ^ 


Betty Grabte, Victor Mature: 

Qttnsel 4, 230pm 

Over 1-4 nriffiOT of the 
most affiaent people in the 
ooraby read the dasified 
cufmmis of The Tastes. Tbe 
foUowing categories appear 
regularly every week, and 
are generally accompanied 
by reterant edMoiial artkks. 

Use the coupon (r^rt), 
and fold out tow eas& fast 
andecmioiBicai it is to adver- 
tise in The Tones q asa fifd . 

VHF only: Open University. 

6.35am to 645. Maths Foundation 

( Radio 2 ) 

On metfum wave. For VHF, see 
end of Radio 1 . News on the hour 
until 130 pm, then 330, 630, 

730 and hourly from 10.00. 
Headlines 630 am. 730. Sports 
Desks 1132. 1032 
430 am Martin Stanford Is) 

630 Steve Truetove (s) 635 David 
Jacobs (s) 1030 Sounds of the 
60s is) 11.00 Album Tune (s) 130 
pm Ken Dodd's Palace of 
Laughter 130 Sport or 2. Indudas 
Rugby Union: (France v 

and HammerstaJn at the 
Barbican (s) 930 String Sound (s) 
10.05 Martin Keiner is) 1235 
am Night Owfs (s) 1 .00 BiB RennetiS 
(8) 130 Bffl R*fmeS« (a) 3.00- 
4 30 A Little Night Music (s). 

C Radio 1 ) 

As mectium wave. For VHF, see 
end of Radio 1. News on the half 
hour until 1230 pm. than 230, 

330, 530. 730, 930. 1230 

mid night 

630 am Mark Page. 830 Peter 
PoweU 1030 Dave Lae Travis 130 
pm Adrian Juste (s) 2.00 My 
Top Ten (Alexei Sayie tofts to Andy 
Peebles (s) 330 The American 
Chart Show (s) 530 Saturday Live 
(s) 630 In Concert featuring 
Ricky Scraggs (s) 730 Armemarie 
Grey 930-12.00 The Midnight 
Runner Show (featuring Breathe). 

VHF RADIOS 14 2. 430 am As 

Radio 2 130 pm As Radio 1. 730- 

430 am As Radio Z 


630 Nmsdask 730 News 739 Twenty- 
tour Hours 730 Rom The Weeklies 745 
Network UK 830 World News 839 
Reflections 8.15 A Jody Good Show 930 
News 139 Review of the Brttsh Prese 

9.15 The WOnd Today 930 Rnanosl 
News 9.40 Look Ahead 4A5 About Brttm 
1030 News 1031 Thai's Trad 10.15 
Lerrar From Amence 1030 People and 
PoMca 1130 News 1139 News About 
Britan 11.15 OessE Music*) Ten 1230 

tfmg Goes 
News 139 

... BikUKIAS 

Country Style 230 News 231 Music Now 
230 Saturday Speoal 330 Redo News- 
reel 3l15 Saturday atecsM 430 Newe <09 
Commentary 4.15 saiurdey Soeciel 530 
News 531 Saturday Special 930 News 
139 Twenty-Four How 9.15 What'S New 
930 People end PoSwa 1030 News 1039 
From Our Own Correspondent 1030 New 
Ideas 1040 Reflections IfUS Spans 
RowdupT130 News 1139 Commentary 

11.15 Letterbox 1130 Hfovfe USA 1230j 
News. 1239 News Atxtu: Britain 12.15 
R«flo Newsreel 1230 Play Of Hie Weak 
230 News 239 Revww of the temsh 
Press 2.15 Breakfast at Tiffany's 230 
About Tana 330 News 339 News About 
Bmam 3.15 From Our Own Correspon- 
dent 330 My Word 430 Newsdesk OO 
Jazz From Europe 945 Latter From 

tinea im 


l GMT. 

Regional TV: facing page 

MONDAY Eitnrallw: Univer- 
sity Appointments. Prep. & Public 
School Appointments, Educational 
La Crime de la Creme: . 
TUESDAY Computer Ha rt zo as: 
a comprehensive guide to the 
computer nwkeL 
Legal Appotniarete Solicitor, . 
Comm^rial Lawjers, Legal 
Officers. Pnvate& Public practice. 
Lecxl La Cre»: a new dasafica- 
lion lor top legal secretaries. 


6.45 Open Univereity. Until 

845 Ptey ScttooL Arbdes 
of Faltti. A series on 
rediscovering rsTigious 
belief 940 Thte te the Day. 
A service from a viewer's 
hone in Northampton. 

10.00 Asian Magazine includes 
an item on the new GCSE 
exams. 1040 L-D river. 

1045 Recovery- Companies 
that have survived the 
recession, (r) 1140 Tele* 
Journal Last Monday's 
news from Spam (r) 1145 
Nothing But foe Best 

Secondary school advice 
for parent&(r) 12.10 
Sony, Mate. I Didn't See 
You! Safety advice for 
theyoung motorcyclist (r) 
1245 Farming. A proffie 
- of thetwo WBtshire 
farmers vrix) have 
formed the Real Meat 
Company with the aim of 
producing quality meat 
free from additives 1248 

140 This Week Next Week. 
The two faces of Britain - 
the pensioners, and the 
dt^nigh fliers who earn up 

million a year. The 
guests are Shirley 
Williams and JackJones. 
240 EastEnders (r) 
(Ceetax) 340 Cartoon. 

345 FBm: They Were 
Expendable* (1945) 
starring Robert 
Montgomery and John 
Wayne. Second World War 
drama about a squadron 
of men In torpedo boats 
charged with rescuing a 
group of high ranking 
officers from the 
beleaguered island of 
Bataan. Directed by John 

5.15 Brat Farrar. Episode five 
of the six-part series and 
Brat becomes Increasingly 
fascinated with the 
character of the person he 
is impersonating. (Ceetax). 

5.45 Antiques Roadshow. The 
opening of a new series, 
introduced by Hugh Scully. 
The first stop is 
Wolverhampton. (Ceetax) 

645 Appeal by Jack Ashley on 
behalf of the Television for 
the Deaf Fund. 

640 News with Jan Looming. 

6.40 Songs of Praise from St 
Peter's Parish Church, 
Petersfield. (Ceetax) 

7.15 Hancock's Half Hour*. 
Lack of success with the 
opposite sex leads our 
hero to spend 1 00 guineas 
on a course at the Mayfair 
Charm SchooL (Ceetax) (r) 

7.45 Miss Marpie: The Body in 
the Library. Episode 
twoand Miss Marpie 
investigates the people 
living at the Hotel Majestic 
who had a connection with 
the dead woman.(r) 

8.40 Masterm in d. The 
special st subjects are: the 
plays of Harold Pinter 
British coins from AD 786; 
the life and career of 
Benjamin Disraeli; and the 
history of Gibraltar from 
the 8tn century. 

9.10 News wtth Jan Learning. 

945 Thatte Ufa. Consumer 

10.10 The Rock Gospel Show. 
The guests Include Jimmy 

10.45 Geoffrey Smith's Wortd of 

11.10 Secret Nature. The fifth 
programme irlhe series in 
which Andrew Cooper • 
explores the natural 
history of a Devon farmer) 

11.40 Weather. 


begins wtth A Thought for 
a Sunday; 7.00 Cartoon; 
745 Are You Awake Yet?; 
740 the What's News? 
quiz; 8.10 Jeni Barnett's 
pick of the week; 847 
news headlines. 

840 Jonathan Dimbleby on 


945 Wake Up London, with The 
Vicious Boys. 545 Woody 
and Friends. Cartoons 
9.45 Roger Ramjet. 

10.00 Morning Worship from St 
John the Baptist and St 
Helen at Wroughton near 
Swindon. 11.00 Link. 
Magazine programme for 
the disabled, fi.30 

Natural Resources. This 
programme on agriculture 
indudas a discussion on 
EEC support subsidies 
and their implications for 
the future of farming in 

1240 Weekend World. Will 

Britain become a nation of 
shareholders? 1.00 Police 
Five. 1.10 The Smurfs. (rL 

145 FBm: Gold Is Where You 
Find It (1903) starring Eddie 
Byrne as a a man who 
returns to his Insh village 
home after 20 years In the 
United States prospecting 
for gold. Directed by 
Francis Searla. 

240 LWT News headlines 
followed by Encounter. 

The work of David Potter 
who runs Christian 
Concern for the Mentally 

240 The Big Match Live. 

Martin Tyler is the 
commentator at Goodison 
Park where Everton 
entertain Chelsea. 

440 The Queen’s Voyage. 
Anthony Carthew presents 
highlights of the Queen's 
tours of Nepal, Australia 
and New Zealand. 

540 Seal Morning. Serial about 
a young, orphaned, 
teenaged girt who is sent 
to live with her aunt in a 
remote part of the British 
Isles. Starring Jane 
Lapotaire and Holly Aird. 

540 Bunseye. Darts and 
general knowl 
bion Market 


for a big surprise. (Oracle) 
640 News with Carol Barnes. 
6.40 Highway. Sir Harry 
Secombe visits Belfast 
7.15 People Do the Funniest 
Things. Jeremy Beadle 
presents the third of Itis 
occasional series 
featuring dips from films 
and television shows that 
should have stayed on the 
cutting-room floor. 

8.00 The British Academy 
Awards. Michael Aspel is 
the host at London's 
Grosvenor House Hotel. 

10.15 News. 

1040 Hot MetaL An aH-too-true- 
to-kfe comedy series 
about the staff of a Fleet 
Street tabloid. Starring 
Robert Hardy and 
Geoffrey Palmer. (Oracle) 

1140 Celebrating St Patrick. An 
eve of St Patnck's Day 
variety show from foe 
Grand Opera House. 
Belfast introduced by 
Gloria Hunnlford. Among 
those appearing are Frank 
Carson, Dennis Taylor and 

12.00 LWT News headlines 

foil owed by Shooting from 
the Heart A profile of 
cameraman Chris Mengis. 

1245 Night Thoughts. 

Holly Aird as the orphan with Rowena the seal in episode one of ! 
Seal Morning, on FTV, 5.00pm 

* BBC-2 

640 Open Univereity. Until 

240 International Rugby 

SpeciaL France vEngland, 
Ireland v Scotland. 

3.00 international Darts. 
England v Wales. 

4.10 The Great Art Collection, 
Introduced by Edward 
Mullins. Richard Cork 
examines Paul Klee's 
Garden with Birds; MHton 
Brown comments on 
Picasso's Guernica: and 
George Mefly describes 
The Robing of the Bride, 
by Max Ernst 

440 Music by Haydn. The 
Chilingirtan Quartet play 
Haydn's String Quartet No 
6 In E flat from the Op 76 

5.10 International Darts. 
Further coverage of the 
match between England 
and Wales. 

6.00 Ski Sunday. The Men’s 
DownhiB from Whistler 
Mountain, British 

640 The Money Programme 
includes items on the 
privatisation of Britain's 
water industry, including 
an interview with Kenneth 
Baker; and the 
Implications of a change- in 
the taxing of couples rule. 

7.15 Nature. How successful 
has the clean-up of tne 
Mediterranean been 
compared to Britain's 
efforts on Its own 
beaches? And how the 
Bnttsh-exported scimitar- 
homed oryx is adapting to 
life in an arid Tunisian 
National Park after lush 
Hampshire pastures. 

7.45 Previn on Concertos. 
Andre Previn conducts the 
Royal Philharmonic 
Orchestra in a 
performance of Elgar's 
Cello Concerto. The 
soloist is Yo Yo Ma. 

645 Tales from Hoffnung. 
Professor Ya-Ya's 

835 Thinking Aloud. Why do 
we value the arts? is 
discussed by Melvyn 
Bragg. Christopher 
Fraytmg and Peter Levi. 

9.30 Ar chi t ec ture at the 
Crossroads. The final 
programme of the series 
' asks if the change that 
architecture is undergoing 
wHI lead to a more humane 

10.10 Screen Two; Blood Hunt 
(1985) starring Andrew 
Keir. A made-for-television 
drama, based on the novel 
by Neil Gunn, about a man 
hunting the fellow who 
kitted hts brother during a 
fight in a Scottish Hignland 
village. Directed by Peter 
' Barber-Fleming. 

11.40 International Darts. 

Highligms of the England v 
Wales match. Ends at 

1.00 Irish Angle - Hands. The ; 

history of patchwork in 
Ireland. j 

140 Face the Press. President! 
Zia of Pakistan is 
questioned by Jonn Eliott 1 
ot The Financial Times and 
Eric Silver of The 
Guardian. Gillian Reynolds 
is in the chair. 

240 Pob's Programme. This • 
afternoon s guests are Jan 
Francis and Dick King- ' 

240 Fdm: Every Day's a 
Holiday* (1937) starring 
Mae West and Edmund 
Lowe. Musical comedy, 
set at the turn of the 
cemury. about a singer 
and actress who is 
instrumental in bringing a 
corrupt New York police 
chiet to justice. Directed 
by A Edward Sutherland. 

345 Film: The Bank Dick* 

(1940) slamng W.C. Fields 
as a heavy drinker who, by 
chance, accidentally 
captures a bank robber 
and is given the job of 
local bank detective; 
Directed by Edward Cline. 

5.15 News summary and 
weather followed Dy The 
Business Programme. 
Nigel Lawson's third 
budget is previewed by 
predictions of what is in 
store for us; an analysis of 
the options open to nim: 
and the results of a survey 
on what top industraiiists 
would like from the 

6.00 Badminton. The finals of 
the Yonex Ail England 
Open Championships. The 
commentators at Wembley 
Arena are John Wane and 
Derek Talbot 

7.15 Patterns of Life: The Birth ' 
of the Bees. The story of 
the evolution of the bee. 
Narrated by John 

8.15 The Other Emerald isle. 
Irish politician and 
academic. Michael D 
Higgins, explores the 
'Emerald isle ot the 
Cano Dean' - Montserrat 

9.15 Mr Pye. Episode three of 
the lour-part adaptation of 
Mervyn Peake's fantasy 
novel finds Mr Pye 
blaspheming at the funeral 
of Miss George and tne 
islanders losing their 
patience with tne eccentric 

10.15 Film: I Love You Alice B 
Told as (1 969) starring 
Peter Sellers as a staid 
Jewish lawyer who 
suddenly gives up his 
conventional life and 1 
fiancee to go and live with 
the flower power people, j 
D irected by Hy Averback. 

1240 Channel 4 News Special: 
The French Elections. .* 
Trevor McDonald with the 
latest results from Paris. . 
Ends at 12.30. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On Icing wave. For VHF, see end of 
Radio 4. 

646 am Shipping 640 News 6.10 
Prelude <s) 640 News: 
Morning Hss Broken 645 
Weather; Travel 
740 News 7.10 Sunday 
Papers 7.15 Apna HI 
Ghar.Samajhiye 748 
740 Turning Over New 
Leaves 7.55 Weather, Travel 
840 News 8.10 Sunday 

Papers 8.15 Sunday 840 
The Week's Good Cause 
845 Weather: Travel 
940 News 9.10 Sunday 

9.15 Letter From America by 
AfistaJr Cooke 
940 Morrang Service (from 
the Chapel of The 

Queen's Coflege, 


iai5 The 

11.15 Pick Of The Week 


12.15 Desert Island Discs. 

Michael Parkinson talks 
to Ron Pickering (s) 1245 

140 The World Thte 

Weekend: News 146 

249 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time 
240 The Afternoon Ptay. A 
Plague of Goodness by 
WaSy K Daly. Comedy about 
an evangelist (r)(s) 

440 News: The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper on bottled sauces (i? 
440 The Natural History 
Programme. A visit to a 

butterfly farm 

540 News; Travel 
545 Down Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits Barton- 
on-H umber. Humberside 
540 Shipping 545 

640 News; French Election 

6.15 Weekend Women's ' 

Hour. Highligms from the 
past week's progr amm es. 
With Sally Feldman. ■ 

740 Travel: Lord of Misrule. 

The battle for the 
lordship of a Welsh valley (6) 
740 Feedback with Chris 

7.45 Streams In The Desert. 
Meditations for 
LentTonight's is given by 
the Rev Or Charies Elliott 
840 Bookshelf from the Daily 
Mall Ideal Home 
Exhibition. Wim Hunter 
Dames, and his spaoai 
guests Claire Rayner. John 

Mortimer and the 
publisher Alexander 
840 French Election Report 
835 The Fisherman's Tale. 

Brian Clarke on the 
attractions of fty-flshing. 

940 News; The Betrothed by 
Alessandro Manzoni(2) 

The Angel of Death. The cast 
includes Denis Quitiey. 

948 Weather 

10.00 News; French Election 

11.00 Hidden Glory. A 
reflection on C.S.Lewis 
(4)The speaker is the Rev 
Richard Harries. Dean of 
Kiiw's College, in London 

11.15 In Committee. The work 
of Pari lament's Select 
Committees. Presented by 
John Sergeant 

1240 News: Weather 1243 

VHF (BvBfebieln England and S 

Wales only) except: 545-640 am 
Weather; Travel 740-8.00 Open 

University 440-640 pm Options. 

C Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 listings. 

6.55 Weather. 7.00 News 
745 Schubert and 

Schubert (Rondo in A. D 
438). Pleyel (Flute 
Quartet m D). Beethoven (An 
die feme Bebeete.with 
Patridge.tenor). Schubert 
(Symphony No 5). Czery 
(Two studies Op 740: 
DaguJ.piano). Paganini 
(Violin Concerto No 1 : 
Accardo. soloist). 940 

9.05 Your Concert Choice: 
Hoffmeister (Flute 
Concertino in G: 

Schumann (Piano Trio No 2 
m F), Butterworth (Six 
Songs from Shropshire Lad: 
Luxon. baritone). Gneg 
(Suite No 2:Peer Gynt 

1030 Music Weekly: indudas a 
conversation with jazz 
composer and pianist Keith 

11.15 Scarlatti and Beethoven: 

Nma Miikina(peno).,Neii 
Black (oboe). Thea King 
[clarinet), Graham Sheen 
[bassoon), Anthony Halstead 


12.15 From the 85 Proms: 

Swedish Radio SO.with 
Haken Haoegard 
(barttone).Part 1. 

Undholm (Kontakion), 

Sibelius (Five orchestral 

12.50 Collsctora's Items: 

Michael HonJem reads 
from Colm McLaren s 
fantasy nistory 

1245 From the Proms: Mahler 
(Symphony No 4: Lena 

2.05 Flute and piano: 

Cnnstopher Hyde-Smiih 
and Jane Dodd. F X Mozart 
lE mmor rondo). Saint- 
Saens (Romance. Op 37). 
Dohnanyi (Aria. Op 48 No 
1). Hindemith (Sonata. t936) 

2.40 ll Turco inn Italia: Rossmi 
opera.sung m Italian. 

Suisse Romande. Cast 
includes Maifitano. 

Beavon. Dale. Gimenez. 
Mcmtarsolo. Tadeo. Act 

5.15 Lett.Right and Centre: 

French political Irfe (3). 
Richard Mayne reports on 
the Centre 

6.00 Salllnen and Holmboe: 

BBC Welsh SO. Sallmen 
(Symphony No 4). Hoi moos 
(Symphony No 10) 

6.55 Lumina: Haydn (Plano 
Trio in E flat. H XV30). 
and David Blake (Seasonal 

840 Iredynski Double BHI: two 
plays - Nobody Dances 
Like that Now. and The 
Window. Players mdude 
Christopher Godwin axnd 
Mike Gwilym 
8.45 Enaeilion String 

Quarterpaa 1. Haydn 
(Quartet in G mmor. Op 74, 
No 3). Berg (Lync Suite) 

9.40 New Deal for an Old 
Prophet: Robert 
Kemohan on Niebuhr's 
Chnsuan Realism 

10.00 Endeflion recitakpart two. 
Smetana (Quartet No 1 in 
E minor) 

10.35 Hercules Opts for Virtue: 
Bach s2l 3th cantata. 

Berlin Chamber 
Schoenberg Choir ^nd 

1 145 Albert Sammons: violin 
recordings. Bruch Violin 
Concerto No l (with 
orchestra under Harty) 

11.57 News. 1240 Closedown; 
VFF onfy:Open University. From 
6.35am to 6.55. Renaissance 
P ortraiture. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave, except for 
VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
7.30 am. Sports Desks 1242 pm. 

4.00 am Martin Stanford (s) 

6.00 Steve Truetove (s) 740 Roger 
Royle (S) 9.05 Melodies For You 
(s) 1140 Desmond Carrington (s) 

1.00 pm Dawd Jacobs Presents 

Two's Best (s) 2.00 Benny Green. 
<s) 3.00 Alan Oell (s) 4.00 Jazz 
Classics in Stereo (si 440 Sing 
Sometning Simple (Cliff Adams 
Singers) (s) 5.00 Charlie Chester 
w*th Sunday Soapbox 7.00 
Castle's Comer. (Roy Castle) 740 
Tne Gentia Touch. (Samantha 
Jones with the John Pearce 
Quintet) 8.00 Cynthia Glover 
Sings 840 Sunday Half-Hour 9.00 
tour hunoreo Best Tunes (Alan 
Keith) 10.05 Songs From The 
Shows 1040 Acker's Away 

1 1 .00 Sounds of Jazz (Peter 
Clayton) 1.00 am Nigntride (s) 
3.00-4.00 A Little Nigm Musk: (s). 

( Radio 1 

On medium wave, except tor 
VHF variations. 

News on tne naif hour until 
1 1.20 am. then 2.30 pm. 340. 440, 

7.30. 940. 12.00 rmdniqm 

6.00 am Mark Page 8.M Peter 
Poweil 10.00 Steve wngm 1240 
Jimmy Savile s Old Record Chib 
(1984, 1978 and 1972) 240 Classic 
Concert (featuring Pink Floyd) 

340 The Great Rock 'n' Roll Trivia 
Quiz (Mark Page) 4.00 
Cnartbusters (Richard Skinner) 

540 Top 40 (Ricnaro Skinner) 
(5)740 Anne Nightingale Request 
Show (s) 9.00 Robbie Vincent 

(s) 1 1.00-1240 The Ranking Miss P 
wrth Culture Rock (s) VHF 
RADIOS 1 & 2. 4.00 am As Radio 2 • 
540 pm As Radio 1 1240-440 
am As Radio 2. 


6-00 Newsoosk 7.00 NBWS 7.09 TWamy- 
Four Hours 7 JO From Our Own Carre- 
sporxwm 7 JO Wareguide ftOO Nws 
Raftecbona 8.15 The Pleasure S Youre 
94X1 News 9.09 Ttovew of The Brqt&n 
Press 9.15 Science In Acaon 945 In Holy 
Contemotamn 10.00 News 10.01 Short 
Story 10.15 Class cat Recent Review 
1040 Sunosn Service 1140 News 11-09 
News About Bmam 11.15 From Qim Own 
Correspondent 1139 Pay 0« tim Week 
100 News 1.09 Twenty-Four Hours 130 
Scans Rounoup 1.45 The Sana Jones-. 
Request Snow ZOO News Summary Z30 ' 
Pride and Preiudce 3.00 Radio Newsreel 
3.15 international Recital 430 News 4.15 
The Wax) Dow Blew US Lener From 
Amence 530 News 5.09 Reflections 5.75 
Manaan 5-00 News 839 Twenui-Four 
Hours 9.15 The Pleasure s Yours 1030 
News 1039 Breakfast at Tiffany's 1025.. 
Book Choice 1030 Financial Choica 1040 " 
Reflections 1045 Sports Rounoup 1130 
News 1139 Commentary 11.15 Lener 
From America 1130 The Mind hi Focus 
1200 News 1209 News APout Bmam ' 
1215 Radio Newsreel 1230 Rekoous 
Service 130 News 131 The Star Wans 
History 1.45 Enghsn Song 200 News 209 
Renew of me Brmsn Press 215 PeeMe s 
Cnoce 230 Science in Action 3.00 News 
339 News Afiour 8 man 215 Good Books 
330 Anytnmg Goes 430 Nawsoesk (30 
Foreign Affairs 5.45 Reeomng of tne 
Week AH times in GKT. 

Regional Tl facing page 

WEDNESDAY La Crime dels 

Creme: Smetana L/R\ appointments 
over £7300. General secretarial. 
Property: Residential. Commercial. 
Town & Country, Overseas. Rentals. 

THURSDAY General Appoint - 
mem: ChiefExecutives. Managing 
Directors. Directors. Sates and 
Marketing ExecuuvesandOveiseas 
Appointments. Including a new 
classification entitled Financial and 
Accoaptaney Appoi ntment s. 


FRIDAY Monts: A complete car 
buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Bsstaes to Bastes: 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment eic, to small and large 
companies Or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Travel: 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises. Car hire. U.K. Thoe). 
Hotels. Cottages, Holiday lets. 


Pea Friesdsa new classification for 
youngreadersto contact peoplewnh 
similar ntterestsaihome and overseas. 

Fill in the coupon and auach it 10 your advertisement. Prior to it appearing, 
we will contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of insertion. 

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PAY NO POSTAGE. Send t« The Tunes. Shirk) Marsalis. Croup 
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ment, P-O. Virginia Street. London El 9DD. 





I — 

48 SATURDAY MARCH 15 1986 

Comet Fashion shows 

its dark 

Darmstadt (Reuierl - 
Hal lev’s Comet is much bigger 
and much blacker than expect- 
ed. an official of the European 
Giotto space probe said yes- 
terday after analysing photo- 

"I'm talking about blacker 
than coal. It's something like 
xel'Cl. It's the darkest dark 
\ou can imagine." Herr Horsi- 
L'»c Keller said at the Europe- 
an Space Agency (ESA) 

Darmstadt mission centre. 

The surface of the nucleus 
was among the darkest objects 
detected in the solar system, 
reflecting inflnitestimal light. 

Asked what the image re- 
sults meant for the prevailing 
theory that the comet was like 
a “dirty snowball or iceberg". 

Herr Keller said it was now 
reasonable to assume it was 
more din than snow. 

"It is also rather warm, 
which would rule out icc on 
the surface. Perhaps there is a 
crust of dark material and ice 

The nucleus measures at 
least 9.3 miles by at least 2.5 
miles. Before Giotto transmit- 
ted to man his closest look at 
the comet's core eariy yester- 
day. expens judged its size at 
about 6.8 by 4.3 miles, as 
estimated by the Soviet Vega- 
2 probe last Sunday. 

Herr Keller reckoned 
Giotto's minimum distance 
from the bulk of Halley's 
Comet was 375 miles. 

The last picture before dust 
panicles, travelling at 50 times 
faster than a bullet, apparently- 
hit the camera was taken at a 
distance of 919 miles, he said. 

Giotto's from section was 
probably riddled with holes 
made by high-velocity pani- 
cles. but the spacecraft was 
stable and at least four experi- 
ments were working flawless- 

The EAS director-general. 

Herr Reimer Luest. said the 
Giotto mission uas an out- 
standing success, “even great- 
er than expected". 

A signal was being sent to 
correct the probe's altitude, 
and. if it was deemed lit for 
funher use. it would be parted 
in earth orbit awaiting a new 
deep-space rendezvous. 


how high it’s jumping 

- • *T. - 

SH s^SfflL . . 

^ - - v: < * f* ■ ^ 


y- 5 


By Stay Menkes 
Fashion Editor 

Liza Minnelli said it all: 
“British fashion is jumping 
right now, and that is why I am 

The American singer was in 
the audience yesterday for die 
Caroline Charles collection, 
one of the 30 British Designer 
Shows being held in London 
this weekend. 

Free thousand overseas buy- 
ers and international media 
people are in town to see the 
shows staged in giant tents 
pitched off Kings Road, Chel- 
sea. under die auspices of the 
British Fashion Council. 

More than 300 designers 
are also taking part in the 
selling show at Olympia 2, 
which hopes to earn some of 
the £1.2 billion worth of 

clothing exported annually 
from the United Kingdom. 

London fashion has ma- 
tured. The weird and wonder- 
ful clothes that are part of pop 
music culture are less of a 

Tailoring made a strong 
return in yesterday's early 
shows, with the Ireland-born 
Paul Costello cutting some 
elegant tweeds. Newest was 

his sweeping princess line for 
coats and for dresses, which 
seemed to be having a revivaL 

Betty Jackson scored a hit 
with her lively tailored jacket, 
severely cut but lifted with 
strong colour, with soft pleated 
skirts, and with imaginative 
prints that are another London 

fashion strength* 

She brought the bouse down 
with her send-np of Parisian 

die, complete with ntaniemed 

Group designers Hyper 
Hyper let the side down by, 
trailing off the London shows 
on Wednesday night with a 
show that ran an hourlate and 
proved that for some yocrag 
British designers, growing up 
is hard to do. 

Photographs by Harry Kerr 

-V-Y '■'■-’."W •' ,, v YvY 

Solution to Puzzle No 163)93 Solution to Puzzle No 16988 j Joday’s events 


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The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,994 

A prize ofJhc Times Atlas of World History will be given for 
the first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: The Times. Saturday Crossword 
Competition. Box 486. i Virginia Street. London EI SAT. The 
w inners and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's competition are: Mrs G. 
fi/min. 19 Lincoln Fields. Billingsley'. Bridgnorth. Shropshire: 
Commander J. Lees. Dash woods House. Bicknoller. Taunton, 
and Mr Douglas R. Harvey. Sandy Lodge. Chun. Surrey. 














'■ ’ 












1 District in need of replan- 
ning most of you call il (8). 

5 A chirpy type but a bounder, 
men of intelligence hold (6). 

8 .An artist rejected style 
shown by a student as anti- 
government MO). 

9 Used to stop the rift in 
Tennyson's instrument? (4). 

10 Tellurian sailor's a very fine 
fellow (4.13.5). 

1 1 “Age shall not wcarv diem. 

nor the years. . ." (Bin yon) 

13 Boaster who took tea noisily 
in the middle of Meredith's 
novel (7). 

15 In retrospect some phenom- 
• enal bloomer (7). 

18 Ten-footer’s retrograde step 
in unusually odd circum- 
stances (7). 

21 But there's nothing unstable 
about these orographical 
features (5.91. 

22 Not sounding like some 
bells (4i. 

23 Declare Eeyore's appetite to 
be insatiable? (10). 

24 No OK to define in a word 
this parliamentary closure 
( 61 . 

25 U.S. General is about to 
pass on the slope (8). 


1 Sail hoisted thus, seeing 
sueh rocks (7). 

2 Dare to use up a length of 
doth in alteration (9). 

3 Suffer defeat about legisla- 
tion for milk product (7). 

4 Terrible start in opera role 

5 Assodate officer placed over 
confederacy (9). 

6 This guilty party has been 
embarrassing the Repub- 
licans (7). 

7 Comes down in the main 
water channels (7). 

12 Rich man — the subject of 
Shylock's ominous dream? 

14 involve in charge in horse- 
race under one mile (9). 

16 Turn out on the river for 
(raining (7). 

17 Like the dance of Sainl- 
S3ens with Widdicombe 
transport, carriage included 

18 Gallic style sop to Cerberus 

19 It's about the advertisement 
fora ship's beam (7). 

lencral is about to 20 A drop of French perfume 
the slope (8). (7). 


Royal engagements 

Princess Margaret attends a 
concert at the Glaziers' Hall in 
aid of the London Hospital 
Medical College, 7.25. 

New exhibitions 
Pounds. Pints and Pecks, 
history of weights and measures; 
James' Dun’s House. SchoolbilL 
Aberdeen; Mon to Sat 10 to 5 
(ends May 24). 

7th Cleveland International 
Drawing Biennale; Art Gallery 
and Museum. Kelvingrove, 
Glasgow; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends April 13). 

Historic Houses in Miniature: 
Scou Lauder Gallery. 6 Bel) 
Parade. Bromley, Kent; Mon to 
Sat 9.30 to 5 (ends April 5). 

Graphics Week; The Spencer 
Gallery. Wellingborough 
School. Northamptonshire; Fri 
to Sat 9.30 to 5.30 (ends March 
21 ). 

Paintings by Said Ad ms. 
Glass bv David Prytbercb: 
South Halt, Castle Museum, 
Nottingham; Sun to Sat 10 to 
5.45 (ends April 27). 

Ethnic Minorities in Central 
Region; The Smith Ait Gallery, 
Dumbarton Rd. Stirling; Wed 
to Sun 2 to 5. Sat 10.30 to 5 
(ends March 29) 

Pottery and watercolours by 
Geoffrey Whiting; Peter Dingley 
Gallery. 8 Chapel St. Stratford 
upon Avon; Mon to Sat 9.30 to 

1 .30. 2.30 to 5.30, Thurs 9.30 to 

1.30 (ends April 12). 


Musicians's Aid for famine 
relief in Africa and Water Aid 
present Emanuel Hurwitz and 
Kenneth Siliito in concert; Si 
Margaret's Church, West- 
minster. 7.30. 

Concert by Goldsmiths* Stu- 
dent Orchestra; Great Hall. 
Goldsmiths' College. SE14, 

Concert by the Philharmonic 
Choir. English Heritage Or- 
chestra. Walton’s Belshazzar's 
Feast; Derngate Centre. 
Guildhall Road, Northampton. 


Royal engagements 

Prince Andrew. Patron of the 
Badminton Association of En- 
gland, attends the finals of the 
1986 All England Badminton 
Championships at Wembley 
Arena. 12. 

Princess Anne attends 
'Reflections', a Pageant of Brit- 
ish Fashion, in aid of the Save 
the Children Fund at the Savoy 
Theatre. 7.5th and afterwards at 
the Savoy Hotel. London. 9. 

New exhibitions 
Paintings by Ricky Romain. 
From Cabbalah to Canvas; Mi- 
chael Sobell House. Limes Ave- 
nue. NW 1 1 : Mon to Thurs 4 to 
7. Sun 2 to 5, dosed Fri and Sat 
(ends March 30). 


Conceit by the Monteverdi 
Choir and English Baroque 
Soloists. Bach St John Passiorr, 
Queen Elizabeth Hall. 7.30 
Piano redial by Harmul Holl. 
Dietrick Fischer-Dieskau (bari- 
tone); Royal Opera House. 
WC2. 8pm. 

Concert by the Chandos 
Chamber Choir; Southwark 
CathedraL SEI. 7J0. 

LOj iflin El%CN Sanir< My. n Mar^? s! 

* * newspaper ai 

Hie Dos Office. 



Births; Andrew Jackson, gen- 
eral and 7th President of the 
USA 1829-37. Warshaw. S 
Carolina. 1767; William Lamb, 
2nd Viscount Melbourne. Prime 
Minister 1834, 1835-41. London 
1779: Lady Augusta Gregory, 
playwright, poet and director of 
the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, 
Roxborough. co Galway. 1852; 
Emil von Behring, bacteriolo- 
gist. Nobel laureate 1901, 
Hansdort Germany, 1854. 

Deaths; Julius Caesar, assas- 
sinated. Rome. 44BC; Luigi 
Cherubini, composer. Pans, 
1842; Sir Henry Bessemer, en- 
gineer, London. 1898; Walter 
Crane, illustrator, Horsham, 


Deaths: Giovanni PergolesL 
composer. Pozzuoli. Italy . 
1736; Robert Surtees, novelist 
(creator of Mr Jorrocks), Brigh- 
ton. 1864; J R Madeod. 
physiologist. Nobel laureate 
1923. Aberdeen 1935; Sir Aus- 
ten Chamberlain, Foreign Sec- 
retary 1924-29, Nobel laureate 
(Peace) 1925, London 1937; 
Selma LagerlOf, novelist. Nobel 
laureate 1909, Marbacka. Swe- 
den. 1940. 


London and ttoo Sooth East A13: 
Lodge Avenue flyow. Bartong. closed. 
Olveracns via me A213 end roundabout. 
B162: Old dunfi Rd. Romford, road- 
works between Veley Way and South St, 
traffic sharing the sane lane, temporary 
lights. A321: KerWng and resurfacing High 
Sa. Sandhurst, over the weekend, dr- 

ill the garden 

It is time to prime winter 
jasmine now that it has finished 
flowering. Cut out the old 
shoots, thin weak shoots and 
trim bade the growths that 
carried flowers to about 3ins 
inches of their base. For best 
results train the jasmine around 
a wigwam of three or four poles 
about 6ft high. 

Soil that has been compacted 
by snow may be loosened with a 
hand fork around bulbs and 
other plants in borders. 

Begonia tubers may be started 
into growth m a temperature of 
around 65° F. Put them in boxes 
of two or three indies of moist 
peat - just bed them into the 
surface with the hollow side 
uppermost. Later when shoots 
are viable, or even now if. they 
can be seen, the tubes may be 
divided into several pieces each 
containing one shoot. 

Clumps of snowdrops and 
crocuses may be lifted and 
divided when in flower or soon 

Birds are attacking crocus 
flowers and will soon set to work 
on forsythia and other buds. 
Either protect these plants with 
Scaraweb (fine plastic spiders 
web material), blade cotton, or 
spray with a bird repeflanL RH 



A moist southerly air- 
stream wfll persist over 
the British Isles. 

6 am to midnight . 


For readers who may have 
missed a copy of The Tima this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 

T^KHlfidtands: U5: Contraflow system gof** are On page 28). 
xitmues between Junctions 5 and 4. |£* Tats im ttar M Sal l2r 

continues between Junctions 5 and 4. 
Drotiwrcti and Bromsgrove. N bound 
camageway dosed, contraflow in S 
bound camageway. Ml: Major road- 
works at Hatton, temporary BgWs control 
single Bne traffic. A34. Delays expected, 
roadworks on trunk route at Hanford. 
Stoke oft Trent 

Wales and me West M: The Severn 
Bridge. E bound, confined to single lane 
due to carriageway repairs untfi 3 pm 
Sunday. M3£ N bound dosed tor 
resurfacing work b et we e n junction 1 
(Hantjrook) and the M4 junction, di- 
versions signposted. ASS: Possible de- 
lays due to iBsurfaang of Conwy flyover 
at Uanouwi junction. 

The North: AS: London Rd. Preston, 
reduced to one carriageway off peak tor 
resurfacing. MS: Contraflow between 

junction 16 (Kidsgrove) and 17 
(Congteron). S bound carriageway dosed 
for resur f a ci ng. A1(M): One carriageway 

•n use S of Danington, bodge idm repairs. 

Scotland: Glasgow: West NDe St road 
Closures N and Sal St Vinoant St. Drury St 
dosed because ot burst water mam,' 
reversions. Ec&nbuigb: The Pleasance. 

dty centra, dosed between Comae ana 
East Drunmond SL delays over next few 
months. A9: S bound carriageway String 
to Perth son affected by roadworks! 
lenghty ddavs. 

The pound 

tasmflaS 2.175 9IM 

Austria Sch 24JK> wiw 

BeigiumFr 71 JO 67.50 

CanadaS 2.12 242 

DenraaAKr 12.75 12.CS 

FMandMdt 7 £2 7X1 

France Fr 10-53 1003 

Germany Dm £44 £26 

Greece Or 232410 2C7.00 

Hong Kong S 11.75 11.25 

tretandP! 1.145 14»5 

ttsly Lira 23404)0 mana 

Japan Yen 2TCL00 2564W 

Nether la nds Od 347 £66 

Norway Kr 10435 IQjJO 

Portugal Esc 223410 21100 

South Africa Rd 3.15 245 

Spain Pta 

Sweden Kr 

Sw itzer lan d Fr 250 2.75 

USAS 1^3 IM 

Yugoslavia Dnr 9XMI0 «<im 

Rates tor small denom matf on bank notes 
only as suppfled by Baremys Rank PUC. 
Diflerem rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other lonsgn currency 

cheques and other ioosgn currency 

Ratal Price Index 379 J 

London: The FTtndax dosed up 10-1 ai 







bbe ebb i 














Fi rnFTi g^i Erim i 















PH ryi ti .\ gyi I 


Plgl En gWiffHni i 

Lighting-Dp time 


Undon £35 pm to 5.43 am 

Bristol 6.44_pm to 5S3 am 
Bfcdwg^i £46 pm to 557 am 
MendwsiBr 6.43 pm to 552 am 
Penzance 657 pm to 64S am 


London 6436 pn to 541 am 
Bristol G^6 pm to €51 vn 
Edtobv^i 6AS pm to 55* m 
Manchester 6.44 pm to 5.50 aro 
P e nzaace 658 pm to 6422 am 


Tenmemtures at midday yesterday c.' 
rioutt f, fan r, nan; s. sun. 

a F . . -OF 

Behest. rl152 Qaensey c 745- 

BY i rt st»n r 745 townees f 125* 

Btedcpoot e 745 Jersey f 348 

BrtMOt 6 948 London •' s 948 

Conan c 7 45 HMUr c 846 

BSntotgh a 1050 N ewcast le c 648 . 

Gtoagow r 948 H TH d an a j dr 745 

New ferry-. 

The Harwich-Hook of Hol- 
land ferry route is to ger a new 
ship when the MV “Koningm 
Beatrix** enters commerrial ser- 
vice on April 22. The veasd will 
start her maiden voyage from . 
Holland is the morning and 
make her first departure from 
Harwich that night. 

Letter from Bow 

Now that fee CbsKeSor 
himsdf&as become the most 
powerful personage enwa- 
gfed it) it, it nay aomno the 
British reader » ask what 
actually is the Flidt Afffcn? 

We know it faas to do with 
this vast fins said to have 

cal parties, and which, assn 
optional extra in die more 
Itnid accounts of the a£Eur, 
also ernirtoyed slave labour 
during the war. _ - ■ 

There are some trials that 
seen to have bees going on, 
like moa continental trials. . 
since Adenaner or Dc Gaujfe. 

But - who rumbled Bide? 
How did it come to coon? 
Above afi, who m the Hkk 
Af&ir is *e Frank WiBs? . 

Who is the Fiwfc wbri? , 

The Frank Wills is my 
phrase for the crucial figure® 
be found in warty evetyjreax 
country's affair — the figure 
who appears at fee start otthfr 
drama and sets it is modem. 

Mr Frank Wills was the 
Mack caretaker, or janitor, 
who one night in the summer 
of 1972 discovered tba die 
seal over the door of aa office 
in the Watergate budding in 
Washington had been bro- 
ken. which break indicated 
that someone. unauthorized 
was inside. Mr Wins called 

lire Frank Wife: in a 
country’s affair is, nearly al- 
ways appropriate . to that 
country. Watergate, whatever 
dse it demonsttatedL showed 
that the United States; as Its 
fousdii% fathers insisted it 
should be. was a government 
of laws and not of men. Il was 
surriy ap propr ia te that tire 
mightiest in the hud should 
be brought down by events 
set in train by a black 

The Dreyfus Affair began 

when material connected 

with French military secrets 
was found in the wastepaper 
basket in tire German Embas- 
sy in Paris by a French maid, 
who also worked for the 
French Secret Service. 

And now it is surely appro- 
priate that “Germany’s great- 
est postwar political scandal” 
should have been started by a 
conscientious officiaL 

The Frank Wills of Flick 
was Klaus Forster. Ten years 

ago be was worka* fats way 
steadily uj» the ladder of 
promotion is ibe tax-anvesti* 

adonnttory suburbs Boon. 

Life there was calm, when 
H b remembered ihsx Si 
Augosiine is tire .ttormifory 

mtSndly tegKWd as a dor- 
mitory suburb hsdltht read- 
er wfll have some idea of the 
full jntnft of 

■H«r Forate- was in his 
early, forties.- married and a 
ma^er of (be equivalent of 
tire local Conservative A sso* i 

cistiou- the area's Christian 

White routinely examining 
a : .local i firm’s bo oks, be : 
d isc o ve red receipis from , a 
/consulting institute, in 
teic&ensfoiB. an institute : 
vkMr mAm fimetion seemed 
©receive cash from 
West German firms ami then 
scad it back to the West 
German Christian Democrat- 
ic Party (CDUUhns avoiding 
tire tax to. which direct pohti- 
cal donations were liable. 

Hen* Fbrater urfd the public 
prosecutors. They discovered 
many more such institutes, 
serving more titan one politi- 
cal party.: And lbc biggen 
contributor to them seemed’ 
to be Flick. 

The presdent of one party, 
Herr Walter Sdred of the 
Free Democrats (FDPL re- 
Signed. Two other important 
Free . Democrats are stilt on 
see mi n gly intominaMe trial 
Herr Franz JosefStrauss look 
Flick’s cash for his Christian 
Social Union (CSU) and, 
unlike the others, cheerfully 
admitted it saying "everyone 
knew.** Siren uou5 efforts are ; 
being made by the CDU.; 
FpP and CSU to make sure 
that the pious Social Demo- 
crats (SPD) were also doing 

So Heir Forster has created 
the biggest uncertainly the 
country has known tor de- 
cades. Not that he is any 
longer ttic typical German 
official He has resigned,, 
renounced his pension, taken 
the risk of setting up his own 
private fax consultancy, k ft 
the CDU, and become a 

Frank Johnson 

■oniMK Moon sots r 
750am 1157pm 

first quartar&terori 18 

9Mm ifflli 
•top m T o w R atiflw Mr.Mlfefi iff 



4 39 
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5 41 

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. > 6 43 

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5 - 10 50 

85 021 12 54 

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£.1.. . « 8.48 bright 
: • £ 37 05 

MB 07 5 41 Etoudy 

9 48 bright 



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