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By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Mr Nigel Lawson, will 
present an extremely buoyant 
picture of Britain's economic 
prospects in his Budget speech 

The sharp fall in oil prices, 
while removing his scope for 
large net tax. cuts, carries 
substantial, longer-term bene- 
fits for the economy. 

The Treasury’s forecast is 
expected to . show inflation 
heading down to 3 per cent 
next year and growth in the 
economy continuing at atom 
3 percent.- - 

The Chancellor win have 
two main aims in the Budget. 
-The first is to convince the 
financial markets that the 
Government's medium-term 
strategy remains on course. 
The second is to aim at 
reducing unemployment. 

In addition, Mr Lawson will 

inflation, generally considered 
to be the“best way of alleviat- 
ing the so-called poverty and 
employment traps. 

A 10 per cent increase to 
allowances would lift the sin- 
gle person's allowance by £220 
lo £2,425.- This compares with 

In addition, Mr Lawsoir will the £130 rise needed just to 
present proposals for the long- compensate for inflation, 
er-tenn reform of personal On excise duties, the Budget 
taxation, in the form of a green is likely to result in an increase 

paper, with the Treasury rec- 
ommending a switch to trans- 
ferable allowances for married 

The Chancellor will present 
targets for the two money 
supply measures, sterling M3 
and MO: He will also stick 
close to his estimate forpublic 
sector borrowing of £7.5 bil- 
lion. — 

This means that there is 

in petrol prices of at least 10 
pence a gallon, 10 pence on a 

packet of cigarettes, spirits up 
by about 50 pence a bottle and 
beer by 2 pence a pint. The 
road fund licence is likely to 
rise by £10. 

The Budget is also expected 
to include an investment 
package, including halving the 
stamp duty on share pur- 
chases to 0.5 per cent and an 

is expected to announce selec- 
tive reductions in tax and 

Specific employment mea- 
sures will include extending 

TnTTTT*- J TTTV /ri7*0 ^ on - — stamp duty on share pur- 

JL XX JtL JL HVIHiO This means that there is chases to 0.5 per cent and an 
■- little scope for net reductions extension of the Business Ex- 

T_j .i. ~ in tax. Instead,- the Chancellor pansion Scheme, 

loaay tnereare is expected to announce selec- Specific employment mea- 

further major live reductions in tax and suras will include extending 

improvements in national -insurance, with the the Job Start scheme — cur- 

thi* nrpeontatirm txF - emphasis on creating jobs, ready on trial in pilot areas 

me presentation OI . paid for by higher excise around ihe country — and a 

tne new two-section duties.. publicity campaign designed 

Times. Mr Lawson has been con- to make people more aware of 

Thi* Timp« sidering the reintroduction of the various job schemes on 

i i mica a reduced rate band of income offer, 

information- Service lax of 25 pence in the pound Modifications to last year's 

and the crossword on the first few hundred changes in national insurance, 

are on the back case pouhdsqftoxable income. But which are designed to increase 

nf firct cAPtinn® ** is expected to settle for the demand for workers, par- 

Y uic at 3c\.uuu raising income tax allowances ticulariy the low paid, arc also 

(page lo). - and thresholds by more than expected. 

For the first time 
Sport takesihe pole 
position on the bade 
page of the second 
section (page 32). 

Television and radio 
es remain 

national -insurance, with the the Job Start scheme — cur- 
emphasis on creating jobs, really on trial in pilot areas 
paid for by higher excise around the country — and a 
duties.. "• publicity campaign designed 

Mr. Lawson has been con- to make people more aware of 
sidering the reintroduction of the various job schemes on 
a reduced rate band of intome offer, 
tax of 25 pence in the pound Modifications to last year's 
on tiie first few hundred changes in national insurance, 

Early poll projections in the 
French general election yester- 
day suggested that right-wing 
parties could win an absolute 
National Assembly majority 
by the narrowest of margins. 

Shortly after the polls 
dosed, the Ministry of the 
Interior gave a provisional 
turnout figure of 81 per cent, 
well above the 70 per cent of 
the 1981 general election. 

Projections based on polls 
of voters after polling gave the 
centre-right UDF and Gaullist 
RPR parties 42-43 per cent, 
which would translate to just 
the 289 seats required for an 
absolute majority. 

They can expect, however, 
to see good returns from the 
22 seats in overseas depar- 
temems and territories not 
included in the leaving polls, 
as well as some 6-8 seats from 
smaller right-wing parties. 

The UDF and RPR have 
refused to consider any alli- 
ance with the extreme right 
National Front, which is ex- 
pected to win 9-1 1 per cent 

This is a significant success 
for the party, which three 
years ago rarely took more 
than 2 per cent, but can now 
expept to enter the National 
Assembly for the first lime 
with some 35 deputies. 

The Socialists are projected 
to lake 30-3 1 per cent That is 
wefl below the exceptional 37 
percent in 1981, but will make 
them the biggest single party 
with about 210 seats. 

The main losers seem to be 
the Communists, who are 
expected to take only 10-11 
per cent of the vote. 

■ .ttuVr-' ’■ 


' r ,4 \ 

Thatcher firm 
against BA 
buy-out hope 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

From today, too, 
advertisements of 
births, marriages 
and deaths appear 
on the court and 
social page (page 
14). Business and 
City news begins on 
the front page of the 
second section 
(page 17). 

The changes are part 
of the expansion 
resulting from the 
end of restrictions 
following the move 
to Wap ping. They 
make the newspaper 
more attractive and 
convenient to 
readers. A coupon to 
order The Times 
from your 
newsagent appears 
on page 2 


Ladies of 
the courts 

The rivalry between 
Chris and Martina 

The Budget 

A plain man’s 




Eight pages of 

test case 

ftf Ekbard Eniis : 

Britain's system for refeas- 
-ijjg. pri yine r s servioglife sen- ; 
tehees could be. thrown into 
total ctinfusiori tpdaybya case 
before ite Furoptoff Conn of 
Human Rights in Strasbourg. 

. It tomes after a complaint 
by an armed robber, let but 
after serving nine years but 
subsequently recalled to pris- 
on. over the legality of his 
redeiention. . . 

Under existing regulations 
the Home Secretary can, on 
the recommendation of the 
Parole Board, release a liferon 
licence and allow the prisoner 
to serve the rest eflusientence 
in the community. He or she 
can be recalled to prison at any 
time on the Home Secretary’s 

Robert Malcolm Weeks, 
then aged 17, was given a life 
sentence in December 1966 
for armed robbery. In March 
1976 he was released but was 
recalled a year later. 

He subsequently com- 
plained about the redetention 
to the European Commission 
which found his case admissi- 
ble on the ground that at the 
time be was unable to have the ; 
lawfulness of his return to j 
prison determined by a court j 

The European Convention 
on Human Rights states that 
everyone deprived of their 
liberty by arrest or detention is 
entitled to seek a court deci- 
sion. ■ 

- Senior ministers now fear 
dial if the Government loses 
today's case, the provisions 
wffl have to be radically 
revised. Two options being 
floated are strengthening the 
Parole Board with the powers 
of a court or scrapping the 
recall system. 

Sir Patrick Mayhew, the 
Solicitor General, win present 
ihe Government’s case. He is 
expected to argue that al- 
though a lifer is sometimes 
released he is still subject to 
the sentence and it cannot 
technically be completed. 

MP who named doctor in 
child abuse case accused 

By Richard Evans, LobbyReporter 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens, the 
MP who last week used parlia- 
mentary privilege to name a 
doctor alleged to have raped a 
TSiri aged S, was lad night 
accused of “disgraceful arid 
irresponsible” bebaviow fay a 
Conservative colleague who 
first raised the case. 

- Mr Norman St John- 
Steras, MP for Chelmsford 
ami a former Leader of the 
Commons, plans to write to 
Mr Dickens today to officially 
complain about his conduct 

But last night an unrepen- 
tant Mr Dickens said it was 
his duty to name the doctor, 
and disclosed that he planned 
to name a vicar in the Com- 
mons this afternoon who is 
alleged to have committed sex 
offences involving children. 

The mother of the girl 
allegedly raped by the doctor 
went to see Mr St-John- 
Stevas in his constitntency last 
month. The MP subsequently 
wrote to the police and to the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 

“Mr Dickens has behaved 
qmte disgracefully- This was, 
■as for as . I ms concerned, a 
highly confidential surgery 
case, - ” Mr St Joim-Stevas 

It is an unwritten rule, 
strictly observed at Westmin- 
ster, that an MP should never 
become involved in other MPs 
constituency business without 
first consulting them. "He 
never consulted me in any way. 
He should have come and seen 
me,” Mr St John-Stevas said. 

“It is very irresponsible 
because we don't know wheth- 
er he is guilty or not and one 
does not know the other effects 
this will have.” 

Mr Dickens, MP for 
Iittleboroogh and Saddle- 
worth, said: “I didn't choose to 
name the doctor until Norman 
had been extensively quoted as 
saying he could take the case 
no f rnther. I then decided to 
take it further. I only did it 
after a lot of heart searching.” 

Mr Dickens said he planned 
to name the vicar during 

Reagan plea for $100 million Contra aid 

Compromise on Nicaragua 

address last night appealing 
for $100 million (£66 million) 
in aid to the Nicaraguan 
rebels, the chairman of the 
Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee offered a compro- 
mise to get the controversial 
Bill through Congress. 

Senator Richard Lngar pro- 
posed yesterday that all the 
money should be given to the 
Contras, but the $70m in 
military aid be later withheld 
if the Sandinista Government 
agreed to a series of chang e s. 

He rejected as counter- 
productive other proposed 
compromises that del ay to the 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

As President Reagan deli v- aid in the hope of negotia- meetings in the past two years, 
ered a nationwide television lions. “Each time we left empty 

ig “Adding all kinds of strings handed," he said. “The time 
i) and certifications will only has come to give the freedom 
n hinder the effectiveness of the fighters what they need for 
ie US to act," the Republican their struggle." 
is senator said. His support is Rlf . , hp iv m nr™t s ' 

President Mitterrand leaving the booth after casting his vote 
at Chatean-Chinon, central France. 

loctor in Bl 8 Swiss 

arrncpri vote 
Accused w t0 ujyj 


From Alan McGregor 

Commons questions to Sir Geneva 

Michael Havers, Attorney „ c „ ■ . . 

General, after receiving new ,^ ie them- 

information about the alleged ff ves yesterday bv the size of 
offences yesterday. the majority 75.7 per cent ~ 

It was revealed yesterday KHn. pr0p ^i 

that the vfcar at the centre that Switarhmd tecon* a full 

the alienations, involving a boy member of the United Na- 
aged llThad twice defied Dr tions with a General Assembly 
John Habgood, Archbishop of srat instead merely of havrag 
York, and refused to resign. observer status. 

A spokesman for Dr The turnout was 50.2 per 
Habgood said the Archbishop cent, relatively high compared 
had “invited" the North Hum- with the average for “direct 
berside vicar to resign some democracy" referendums. 
months ago when he was told Geneva is the centre for 
of tbe matter by the Bishops of such principal UN specialized 
Hull and the Archdeacon of agencies as the World Healtii 
the East Riding. Organization, of which Swit- 

The Director of Public Pros- zerland has been a full mem- 
ecutions advised against ber for years, and is estimated 
bringing charges after a police to make some £360 million 
investigation. annually from UN-related ac- 

Childwafch, the national or- tivities. But it could produce 
g&mzation against child abase, no more than 30.2 per cent of 
said yesterday that it would votes in favour, 
support a private prosecution “International circles will 
and a claim for compensation not easily understand this," 
by tbe boy’s parents if no said Mr Christian Grobet. 
charges were brought president of the municipal 

Vicar's message, page 2 council. 

The largest support, 40.8 

per cent, was in the Jura 
DtFH £Hu canton. Appenzell, in the rural 

■ heartland, returned 89.3 per 

! - ma A /Til £-% cent against In Zurich it was 

LCRr^Slla 71J per cent “no". 

m O The countrywide toial was 

B 1.591,428 voles against and 

51 1,548 in favour of full UN 
meetings in the past two years, membership. 

“Each time we left empty in the weeks before the poll 
handed," he said. “The time even ujv] supporters became 
bas come to give the freedom convinced that they had made 
fighters what they need for n0 progress against the deep 
iheir struggle." feeling that neutrality before. 

Bui in ihe Democrats' re- during and after two irorid 

the East Riding. 

The Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions advised against 
bringing charges after a police 

Childwafch. the national or- 
ganization against child abuse, 
said yesterday that it would 
support a private prosecution 
and a claim for compensation 
by tbe boy’s parents if no 
charges were brought. 

Vicar's message, page 2 

bas come to give the freedom 
fighters what they need for 
their struggle.” 

But in the Democrats' re- 

seen in the White House as his talk! Rematto- ‘wan had served Switzerland 

mimil lo rhp vaip on airi sponse toms taut, Keprcsema- „* e 

crucial to the vote on the aid 
on Wednesday. 

Thomas Foley 

pT&n^inW, Washington State said the 

Administration was trying to 
expand this proxy war with 
American money and weep- 
'll®, 1 s 5Jj2S a ^ ons - » which at test “only a 

b,ood >' stalemate" could be 
fighters - to murder and --uisved. “Innedihlv. we mav 

SgjfP? 4 J2«55 bloody statemate” could be 
Sp” rSf 1 achieved. “Incredibly, we may 

mutilate NicaragHan civil ^ walking into the quicksand 

He hadjie aid. US open " 

envoys to Central America 49 
times, holding 10 high-level 

Helping reforms, page S 

so well that UN politics was 
better avoided. 

The referendum was the 
culmination of a procedure 
initiated with a Government 
commission report in 1977 
favouring UN membership. 
This was approved by mam 
political parlies and endorsed 
two years ago by Parliament; 
but as a major foreign affairs 
proposal, it bad to go to a 
nationwide vote. 

Sotheby’s discover an unknown Old Master 

The Times Portfolio weekly 
and daily competition prizes 
were not won on Safflrday. 
Today's prize wiK therefore be 
£4,000 and the weekly «xt 
Saturday £40,000. Portfolio 

list, jage 22 ; rules and tew to 
play, information service, 

paRe 16- 

Nmehirwf 2-4 Ltnen O 
O Wes' 5 -* Q&ot* \i 
Xfpts 14 Pwliripatf W 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

Sotheby's believe that they 
hare dfocowed a whol ly tm- 
known painting by Mante g n a, 
pne of the greatest masters of. 
the Italian Renaissance. His 
“Adoration of the Magi" was 
sold at Christie's last year for 
£ 8.1 mfftioiL, the highest auc- 
tion price on rectod for a 

.Ws J5 Pw»9w* * 
Batians J7-23 «dip» « 
Ohm 2 Soeaa _ « 

c«w if Sport 28-g 
CMOMfdi IO,t6 jteB 31 
Diary 12 T* * Sadia 31 

Laden 13 «lb I 4 

* * * 

Holy Family with St Elizabeth 
and St John” is thought to 
fate from about 1500. Like the 
“Adoration'*, it was originally 
painted in tempera o n line n, a 
technique much favoured by 
Mantegna when he "was work- 
jiffig ai ihe court «f Mantua 
towards the end of his life. 

However, the original frag- 
ile surface has vanished muter 
heavy repainting to oDs and a 
covering of thick varnisfe* It is 
not known how far the- paint- 

Detail from Mantegna’s “Holy Family with St Elizabeth and 
St John", expected to sell for around £500,000. 

tog caa be recovered by so- 
phisticated restoration. 

Sotheby's have decided not 
m attempt chaining the pann- 
ing before the auction. It will 
thus be np to bidders to decide 
for themselves how for they 

are prepared to gamble on 
what can be excavated below 
the varnish and the repaint 
Sotheby's are talking of a 
price to the range of £400,000- 
£600,000 asa result, and not to 

A photograph of the paint- 
ing was first sent to Mr Eric 
Turqoin, head of Sotheby's 
Old Master department last 
year. It was in Marseilles and 
had been inherited by tbe 
unde of a friend of his in a 
family division 10 years ago. 

MrTnrqmn was immediate- 
ly interested and the Paris 
representative of Sotheby’s 
travelled to Marseilles mid 
came back with tbe picture. It 
had been valued to 1909 by a 
local expert who had attribut- 
ed it to the school of Mantegna 
but described it as “restored 
by vandals'*. 

Then began a long period of 
investigation and discussion. 
Tbe painting has been brought 
to London with a temporary 
export licence from France 
and passed as a Mantegna by 
Philip Pouucey, a leading 
expert who works for 

Sotheby's. It has also spent a 
fortnight with Mr Herbert 
Lank, a highly regarded re- 
storer in London, who bas 
prepared a three-page condi- 
tion report on it 

Mr Tnrqnto intends to pub- 
lish the report so that potential 
buyers can assess their 
chances of recovering the 

Mr Lank has cleaned a tiny 
area of paint at the side of the 
picture to reveal the original 
tempera below. “Much of the 
repaint covers quite well pre- 
served original paint " he 

The painting is scheduled 
for sale by Sotheby's in Monte 
Carlo on June 22. It will 
require an export licence to 
leave France but (he Louvre 
already possesses an excep- 
tional range of paintings by 

The Prime Minister will tell 
Lord King of Wanna by, chair- 
man of British Airways, today 
that she will not reverse the 
decision to delay privatization 
of the state airline and will not 
support his attempts to put 
together a management buy- 

Lord King, whose buy-out 
plan came to light on Friday 
after the decision of Mr Nich- 
olas Ridley, Secretary of State 
for Transport, to delay tbe 
sell-off indefinitely, was grant- 
ed an urgent meeting with Mrs 
Thatcher today. She is, how- 
ever, certain to stand by her 
minister while repeating her 
belief that the airline should 
be sold quickly and to as wide 
a cross-section of shareholders 
as possible. 

A Downing Street spokes- 
man said yesterday; “I see no 
sign of Lord King having 
anything to put to her that will 
change her mind.” 

Lord King, once widely 
regarded as one of the Prime 
Minister’s favourite business- 
men, will probably repeat his 
view to Mrs Thatcher that as a 
result of the derision to delay, 
the buy-out plan is the only 
way to achieve quick and 
successful privatization. 

British Airways declined to 
give details of the buy-out 
proposal yesterday but did not 
deny that initially the plan 
would be to raise up to £350 
million through the sale of 51 
per cent of the company to 
employees and City institu- 
tions under a scheme drawn 
up by Phillips & Drew, the 
stockbrokers. A spokesman 
said that no bid for the airline 
had vet been made. 

Lord King will go from his 
meeting with Mrs Thatcher to 
a presentation to City brokers 
and analysts at the Glaziers’ 
Hall in London at which the 
full details of the scheme will 
be disclosed. The presentation 
was arranged some time ago 
and long before Mr Ridley's 

In particular, Lord King is 
expected to play down the 
concern of the Government 

over the Bermuda Two negoti- 
ations with the United States 
on North Atlantic routes, bui 
this and other factors have 
persuaded Mr Ridley and the 
Prime Minister that privatiza- 
tion at the moment is too 

Weekend reports emphasiz- 
ing the personality clash be- 
tween Lord King and Mr 
Ridley produced an angry 
response from British Air- 

“We are very annoyed at the 
way this is being personalized. 
We think that the Govern- 
ment is committed to privati- 
zation and we also are 
committed and we think that 
it is only fair that all proposals 
are looked aL" 

The buy-out scheme, be- 
lieved to have won consider- 
able initial City support- 
despite the £450 million of 
debt on the British Airways 
balance sheet, is understood to 
have been masterminded 
largely by Mr Gordon Dun- 
lop. British Airways' finance 
director. It envisages that the 
35.000 workers and manage- 
ment would subscribe about 
£35 million and that the 
remaining 49 per cent of the 
airline would be sold early 
next year. 

One senior manager at Brit- 
ish Airways said yesterday 
that junior and middle level 
management probably would 
support a buy-out ’ but at 
senior level ibe plan was not 
well received. In recent times, 
he said, top management had 
been instructed to “keep the 
lid on" sensitive and possibly 
troublesome issues in an at- 
tempt to smooth the path for 

Problems such as dealing 
with an across-the-board pay 
demand of up to 25 per cent 
from pilots and cabin crews, 
and ihe huge expense of 
investigating and repairing the 
structural defects that have 
been discovered on some 747 
aircraft were also believed to 
have played a part in Mr 
Ridleys decision, he said. 

Weapons found after 
Wapping protest 

Commander Algernon 
Hemingway, in charge of the 
police during Saturday night's 
demonstration by an estimat- 
ed 7.000 people outside the 
News International plant in 
Wapping, east London, last 
night displayed some of the 
weapons taken from demon- 

They included iron bars, 
lead piping, pieces of scaffold- 
ing. a railing spike, broken 
bottles, sticks, shotgun car- 
tridges, marbles and a flare 
canister. Commander Hem- 

By John Young 

ernon ingway said that he saw the 
of the fiare being detonated and 
night's fortunately it had a fairly high 
stimat- trajectory: had it been lower, it 
de the could have caused serious 
ant in injuries. 

n, last He could only speculate 
of the about the purpose of the 
lemon- cartridges: nobody had been 
arrested with a gun. 
bars. The occasion had on the 
affold- whole been similar to the 
broken previous big demonstration 
n car- three weeks earlier, except that 
i flare there did not seem to be as 
Hem- Continued on page 2, col 7 

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14 -2 


Conservative MPs aim 
to have family 
credit paid to mothers 

Conservative _ 

.‘xers are to try to ensure that the 
w. Government's new Family 
Credit, aimed at boosting the 
i® income of those in low-paid 
work, is paid to the mother 
» rather than the father when 
w social security reforms begin 
>-■ in 1988. 

Sir Brandon Rhys Williams. 
** Conservative MP for Ken- 
rt, sington, has tabled an amend- 
ment for the committee stage 
«r of the Government's social 
113 security Bill this week which 
im would ensure that the pay- 
an ment, which could be worth 
m£ 30 a week or more in some 

By Nicholas T immins, Social Services Correspondent 

back-bench- cases, could go to whoever which is claimed in cases by 
received the family's child 

benefit, which in most cases 
would be the mother. 

The Government is propos- 
ing that the money be paid 
through the pay packet, al- 
though the calculation of the 
entitlement would still be 
done by the Department of 
Health and Social Security. 

Critics of the Government's 
plans argue it transfers money 
“from the purse to the wallet" 
as Family Credit is to replace 
Family Income Supplement, a 
benefit which at present is 
pair! through a DHSS giro and 

y Cheap butter idea 
to be rejected 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 
mu The Government is expea- it would not increase 
sjed to reject a scheme to supply 

ro cut-price buner to Britain's 
cai 10 million old-age pensioners. 
£ even though it would cost less 
pm than half the subsidy needed 
s* to dispose of surplus stocks to 
fl the Soviet Union, 
art The scheme put forward by 
3 Dairy Crest, the manufactur- 
ing subsidiary of the Milk 
ng Marketing Board, with the 

* support of the United King- 
s' dom Provision Trade Federa- 

"Jtion, is for pensioners to be 
Tissued with tokens entitling 
k* them to a discount of 20 p on 
Hthe shop price of a 
J* 250 gramme pack. 

* Officially, the plan is still 

* under consideration, but Min* 
TA istry of Agriculture officials 

a are understood to believe that 




ii ni/uiu «v, con- 

sumption enough to justify the 
extra administrative costs. 

The Ministry’s attitude has 
incurred the wrath of many 
people in the trade who main- 
tain that not only is it politi- 
cally unacceptable to sell 
cheap butter to countries such 
as the Soviet Union and Libya 
while denying it to British 
citizens, but it is also more 

In the latest issue of The 
Grocer , Mr John Brown, 
Dairv Crest’s butler group 
director, claims that the subsi- 
dy on the proposed sales to 
Russian housewives will 
amount to more than £ 2,000 a 
tonne. The 20p a pack 
discount for old-age pension- 
ers would have cost only £800 

the woman. 

Opponents of the change 
include the National Federa- 
tion of Women's Institutes, 
the Child Poverty Action 
Group and the Government’s 
own Social Security Advisory 
Committee who argued that 
the chief purpose oftte bene- 
fit is to provide help for 

Putting it m the pay packet 
could mean less money for 
children in families where the 
husband does not tell the wife 
how much he earns and alone 
decides how much money the 
wife gets from his pay, the 
committee argued. 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices, argues that paying the 
money through the pay packet 
is a 'small gesture towards 
integrating tax and benefits. 
However, opponents of the 
scheme suspect the real mo- 
tive is to use social security 
money apparently to boost 
take-home pay in low-paid 
jobs and thus to encourage 
family men to take them. 

Employers, particularly the 
smaller ones, have opposed 
the scheme, and the Social 
Security Advisory Committee 
has argued that the change 
might lead to greater problems 
for claimants in obtaining 
help to which they are enti- 

Meanwhile, six leading dis- 
ability organizations are to ask 
Mr Fowler to delay changes to 
social security which they 
believe will leave some of the 
most severely disabled people 
in Britain worse off. 

Court action over tape tax 

By Bill Johnstone, Technolog}' Correspondent 

— British and European tape 
m> manufac turers are preparing 
{, to fight in court governments 
£ which impose levies on blank 
| audio and video tape, a move 
e which they consider to be 
g unfair, a breach of European 
n law and a novel form of 
| consumer tax. 
v After Easter the British 
l Government is due to publish 
e a White Paper on copyright 

and manufacture in Europe, 
including the Americans and 
the Japanese, is uniting to 
fight what it believes is 
misguided bureacracv. 

It is currently taking legal 
advice on how best to chal- 
lenge in court the imposition 
of a levy. 

The council’s challenge will 
accuse the governments of an 

5 wUchb expected KSjSjBffiffig? 

sition of aids or levies. 

The British Cabinet has 
been divided on the issue and 
ministers fear that the con- 
sumer. who will pay the levy, 
will consider it to be a new 
purchase tax. That fear has 
delayed for three months the 
publication of the White Pa- 
per and probably the drop- 
ping. for the moment, of the 
original proposal to impose a 
levy on Wank video tapes. 

mend no levy on video tape 
« but a 10 per cent surcharge on 
__ audio tapes. 

The British and European 
_ tape manufacturers fear that 
nr such a UK levy will influence 
? the EEC in adopting it as 
Community policy and will be 
j the first step towards impos- 
w ing other and higher levies. 

J The European Tape Indus- 
; try Council, whose member- 
ju ship comprises most of the 
1 multinationals that supply 

The Consumers Association 
has opposed levies on audio 
and video tape as have most of 
the 1,000 submissions made 
to government on the subject 
The logic on which the 
British government’s pro- 
posed levy is based is being 
challenged by the tape manu- 
facturers. They are attempting 
to make the same challenge in 
France and West Germany 
The tape levy has long been 
proposed by the British Pho- 
nographic Industry, represent- 
ing the music industry, which 
claims that home taping has 
cost its members sales. 

That assumption is chal- 
lenged by the tape suppliers. 
Thev say it has been alleged 
that’ 230 million album 
tapings take place each year. 
“This is the equivalent of 
every LP sold in 1984 being 
taped over four times." 

The Lord Mayor of Westminster, Mr Roger Bramble, inspecting the 4th Battali on, The 
Royal Green Jackets yesterday, outside its he^dipsarters in Mayfair, London, as it exercised 
for the first time the regiment's freedom of the- City of Westminster, granted m 
Westminster’s 400th anniversary year. 


By Rkfeard Eras, Reports 
Dr David Owen, the SDP 

football grounds were being 
used for recruiting by extreme 
right-wingers, *nd chanting of 
racial abuse should also be 
node illegal. . 

Dr Owen, s peaki ng to the 
SDP Asian conference, mgn- 
lighted the influence of racist 
groups in schools and quoted 
a survey which showed l^pcr 
Midlands school chose the 
National Front or the British 
Movement as todr fim choice 
of political party. 

“Teachers, governor, ad- 
ministrators; and politicians 
must be vigorously ann-ranst 
in their personal behaviour, 
and in their institutional 

practices", be said. "We must 

counter this growing protaem 
of racism amongst our 

children." . . . 

Nationality and un migra- 
tion laws should be reformed ■ 
where they had racially un- 
equal effects. 

“The SDP would restore jus 
soil - British . nationality 
granted to everyone bom 
within British territory “ s* 
tire basis for British citizen- 
ship, and introduce a sysietn 
of appeals against refusal of 

leader. Iasi night accused the 
Prime Minister of giving com- 
fort to right-wing racists with- 
in the Conservative party. He 
said her administration’s ap- 
proach to Britain's ethnic 
minorities was condescend- 
ing. - 

The Government failed to 
understand the problems 
facedby minority gro^psand 

severe disadvantage in em- 
ployment, housing, education, 
and access ro financial ser- 
vices and institutions. 

“It is blind, to the racially 

motivated ' and physical at- 
tacks suffered by ethnic mi- 
norities, espeically Asians", be 

In a speech on .race deliv- 
ered in Hounslow, west Lon- 
don, he spelt out proposals to 
improve race relations, 

..He said racially .abusive 
language, whether written or 
spoken, should be a criminal 
offence and be called on the 
police to show they t ook .ra cial 
attacks seriously by setting up 
racial harassment units. . 

Legislation should be 
amcwledtemakeUacrinunal . 

offence for anyone to p ublish 
or distribute abusive material 
or speak insultingly about 

Legal tests open on school 
‘voluntary duties’ rules 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Lords, and they will have a 

Important test cases open 
today at the High Court in 
London which are expected to 
decide whether it is a volun- 
tary or contractual duty for 
teachers to cover lessons for 
colleagues who are off sick. 

The four cases are being 
watched with close attention 
by the local authority employ- 
ers and the teachers* unions, 
and the hearings are likely to 
last for up to eight days. 

At present the legal situa- 
tion is not clear, with the local 
authorities maintaining that 
cover for absent colleagues is 
an implied term of a teacher’s 
contract, against union claims 
that it is a voluntary duty. 

Authorities have widely dif- 
fering arrangements and until 
the 1985 teachers' pay dispute 
teachers covered for two, three 
or sometimes for five days 
when one of their colleagues 
was off sick. 

The cases are being brought 
by the National Union of 
Teachers, against four local 
authorities, Solihull, Rother- 
ham, Doncaster and Croydon, 
two of which are Labour- 
controlled, and two Conserva- 

The NUT is claiming that 
the authorities acted unlawful- 

ly last year in deducting pay 
from teachers who refused to 
cover. They did that as part of 
the pay dispute. 

For the management, 
teachers* refusal to cover has 
meant whole classes of chil- 
dren having to be sent home 
and the work of the s chool 
being seriously disrupted- If 
the employers lose, it could 
mean they are forced to 
employ an army of supply 
teachers to plug the gap at 
great cost to themselves and 
the ratepayers. 

For the teachers, cover for 
absent colleagues means miss- 
ing a free period reserved for 
marking or preparation of 
lessons. It means taking a class 
they do not know for no extra 

The local authorities, two of 
which ^fe represented today 
by Mr Anthony Lester, QC, 
will be arguing that because 
coyer is eonttactoal thededuo 
tioos were correct. The NUT 
will contend that teachers 
should not have to teach 
lessons for which they are not 

The cases are expected logo 
all the way to the Court of 
Appeal and the House of 

bearing on the present talks on 
pay and conditions in foe 
inquiry by the conciliation 
service Acas. being conducted 
under Sir John Wood. 

Whichever side wins in the 
High Court is expected to gain 
a significant advantage in 
those talks on the question of 

• Teachers are continuing 
their industrial action at 
Brighton Hill School in 
Basingstoke, Hampshire, in 
spite of foe settlement agreed 
by other unions and foe local 
authority employers. 

Members of foe National 
Union of Teachers and the 
National Association of 
Schoolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers are continu- 
ing with their refusal to do 
duties they consider volun- 
tary, such as cover for absent 
colleague^ and participation 
in parent or staff meetings out 
of school hours or in dubs and 

• Some Kent teac h ers are to, 
continue their pay dispute in 
spite of last week’s national 
settlement, saying their good- 
will must be earned before 
they return to normal duties. 


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3M 16 3 Trademjn 

from vicar 
gives joy 

A congregation's tears 
turned to smBes of joy as they 
listened to a recorded message 
from their vicar who is recov- 
ering after an attack on him at 
his home in west London. 

“Big Brother is watching 
you from foe vicarage," the 
vicar told about 400 people 
who packed his church. They 
included his daughter, who 
was raped during the attack, 
and another man who was also 
attacked and is recovering 
from a fractured sknlL 

In his message, foe vicar, 
who returned to his vicarage 
on Friday after hospital treat- 
ment, told foe congregation: “1 
am still weak, I have lost a 

He said that he would be 
going away for “a break" 
tomorrow, “to try to mend my 
head with vinegar and brown 

He also told his congrega- 
tion: “I cannot begin to ex- 
press what yoar love, gifts, 
care and prayers have given to 
me and my family." 

British scientists 
sought by Japan 

By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

British scientific talent is redirected from an annual 

research budget of about £360 

reportedly being wooed by the 
Japanese to take part in a 
multimillion pound world re- 
search programme which 
could rival any work conduct- 
ed by the Americans in their 
Star Wars project. 

But any British ambitions 
could be thwarted by foe 
Government's reluctance to 
fond scientific research on a 
large scale. 

The Government is already 
embarrassed by foe new Euro- 
pean research programme. Eu- 
reka. launched only a year ago 
by foe French and deemed to 
be foe non-military European 
alternative to the Star Wars 
programme. It is meant to 
encourage European compa- 
nies to collaborate in foe 
research and development of 
commercial products. 

The Government said that 
it is prepared to pay “up to 50 
per cent" towards the research 
bill of some Eureka pro- 
grammes but it has created no 
new funds and resources are 


Last week the Japanese were 
believed to be trying to per- 
suade the authorities in Brit- 
ain, other EEC members and 
the United States to join 
forces in research into ad- 
vanced computers, alternative 
sources and new food- 

Tbe heads of government of 
the principal industrial na- 
tions of the West are due to 
meet in Tokyo in May when 
foe research would be expect- 
ed to be raised. 

The first European electron- 
ics products, spawned from 
the Eureka research pro- 
gramme. will be launched in 
about two years’ time, it was 
disclosed last week. The in- 
vestment by British compa- 
nies or foe Government has 
not been disclosed but 26 
projects ranging in value from 
£1 million to more than £70 
million have been launched. 

Pledge to 
halt flow 
of heroin 

President Zia of Pakistan 
yesterday promised to halt the 
flow of heroin from his coun- 
try to the West. 

In an interview on British 
television he said that his 
government was committed to 
eliminating the growth of 
opium poppies from which 
heroin is made. 

Farmers in Pakistan are 
protesting at enforced cuts in 
poppy production 
President Zia, interviewed 
in Islamabad for Channel 4’s 
Face the Press ; admitted that 
there was opposition within 
the Pakistan parliament to 
wiping out the poppy fields. 

“A lot of the House is in 
favour of foe poppy growers 
but foe Government stance is 
in favour of taking all actions 
for removing poppy growth 
altogether,” he sain. 

President Zia said that he 
would like to convey his 
gratitude to the Mrs 
Thatcher’s government, say- 
ing that there was close co- 



Cootinned from page 1 

many specially manufactured 
weapons as before. ' 

He denied allegations by 
print workers that the police 
had overreacted in controlling 
the demonstrators. There was 
one group which appeared 
hell-bent on destruction and 
causing injuries, bnt he would 
not Hire to speckle on wheth- 
er foey were print workers. 

Twentysix people were 
charged early yesterday after 
what was described as foe 
biggest demonstration yet in 
support of dismissed print 
workers at the plant 

Fifteen were charged with 
threatening behaviour, one 
with being ■ on enclosed 
premises, four wife being 
drank and disorderly, three 
with obstructing foe police, 
two wife highway obstruction 
and one with being equipped 
to cause . criminal damage. 
Two otters arrested were re- 
leased without chmge. 

Three police officers were 
taken to hospital but no ne was 
detained. A mounted police- 
man suffered conclusion, a 
-second officer suffered shoul- 
der injuries and a third had his 
nose broken. Several polke 
horses were injured by mis- 
siles. The ambu lance service 
said five demonstrators were 
taken to hospital with minor 
head injuries. 

The demonstration became 
violent when protesters tore 
down a 40-yard section of 
fencing and hnxied crash barri- 
ers at foe police. The plant is 
also guarded by razor wire. 

Although distribution of 
both The Sunday Times and 
foe News qf the * World was 
delayed by lorries being held 
up inside the plant, foe com- 
pany said it had printed 
1,366.000 and . 5,712,000 
copies respectively. 

• The Electrical, Electronic 
Telecommunication and 
Plumbing Union, some of 
whose members are employed 
at foe Wapping plant, is to 
submit a paper to a TUC 
conference on Wednesday, ar- 
guing that there is no place for 
mass pickets in modem indus- 
trial disputes. 

Their presence is an indica- 
tion that the onion has failed 
to win fall support, it says. 

The paper calls for pickets 
to be limited to 15 at each 
gate. At the same tune the 
police should be given a 
statutory right to stop vehicles 
entering or leaving so that 
there can be a peaceful ex- 
change of views between driv- 
ers and pickets. 

The right to picket should 
not be limited to an 
employee’s own place of work. 

Stakes are high in battle of Tillingham Hall 

By Christopher Wannan, Property Correspondent 

Tillingham HalL a 79fl-acre believes that on present fore- 
casts there will be a shortage 
of 250,000 new homes in the 
region by I99L Other esti- 
mates of demand by the Gov- 
ernment and conservationists 
are tower. 

The Government is in the 
difficult position of wanting to 
let the private sector get on 
with the job of providing 
homes where people want to 
buy them, while retaining the 
loyalty of its supporters in foe 
Home Counties. 

Last summer, 34 Conserva- 
tive MPs in the south of 
England, led by Mr Jerry 
Wiggin, MP for Weston-su- 
per-Mare, wrote to the Prime 
Minister warning her that the 
“countryside and rural envi- 
ronment in our constituencies 
is bring seriously threatened 
by excessive development". 

Mrs Thatcher replied, 
pointing oat that it was the 
Government’s policy to re- 
move unnecessary constraints 
on private enterprise and to 
encourage new house building 
for owner occupation. “It is not 
part of our policy to direct 

farm near Thurrock, Essex, is 
the subject of a planning 
inquiry, starting tomorrow, 
which could determine the size 
and shape of house budding in 
the South-east for the next 

Consortium Developments, 

a grouping of nine of Britain’s 
largest house builders, includ- 
ing Barrett and Wimpey , are 
proposing to bnild a new town 
of some 5,000 homes for 14,000 
people in the middle of the 
previously sacrosanct Loudon 
green belt 

The group plans to build up 
to 15 new towns of similar size 
to Tillingham Hall and is 
hoping to announce the site of 
its second town, in Hampshire, 
in the next fortnight, to be 
followed by a third in the 

At the centre of the inquiry, 
expected to last seven weeks, 
is the level of development 
necessary by toe end of the 
century to house foe predicted 
population. Consortium De- 
velopments. supported by the 
House Builders Federation, 

where people shall live or 
where firms set up or expand,” 
she said. 

Opposition to the 
Tiltingham Hall proposal is 
strong. “By choosing this site 
on the inner edge of London's 
green belt, foe builders hare 
thrown down a gauntlet to 
green belt policies right 
around London, and indeed 
throughout the country," the 
Council for the Protection of 
Rural England said. 

The Town and Country 
Planning Association fa also 

firmly opposed to the plan, 
largely because of its impact 
on the green belt and foe loss 
of agricultural land. 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for toe Environ- 
ment, has been consistent in 
his defence of the green belt, 
telling the increasingly bewil- 
dered house builders that they 
should concentrate on small 
“in-fill" developments and 
abandon brge-sade estates in 
order to make them more 

However, ra January, Mr 
Baker surprised both conser- 
vationists and Consortium De- 
velopments by granting 
permission for . a development 
on green belt land in the West 

The case of Tillingham Hall 
is likely to be different Soot 
after the consortium's pb- is 
were announced last May, a 
rival development was put 
forward by Mr Owen Luder, a 
former president of the Royal 
Institute of British Architects, 
proposing that 5,000 new 
homes be built on rec&Uned 
chalk pits at Grays, Essex. 
Both Thurrock council and 

Essex County Council wel- 
comed the proposal with such 
rapidity that it suggested they 
had found a suitable alterna- 
tive to T illingham Hall, tins 
enabling them to avoid the 
charge of prev en t ing the con- 
struction of needed homes. 

* Consortium Devefopnu 
has gained a strong ally with 
the recent appointment of 
Lord Northfietd, the chairman 
of Telford Development Cor- 
poration, as its chairman. 

A respected member of the 
environment lobby, he said: 
“We most face the fact foot 
the arithmetic of housing 
needs; the solution to t te 
problems of east inraer cities 
and foe need to bnild proper 
communities rather than fast 
more big estates,- means tint 
we have got to use 
agricultural land. ' 

“I want to see it. done 
properly. The concept of new 
country towns, with .foe em- 
phasis on quality, sensitivity 
to the environment, their inti- 
mate scale and sense oT bal- 
ance, appeals to me as an 
eminently practical 



South ‘a 

The South-east fa becoming 
a high-cost ghetto, with house 
prices and a cost of living that 
tower above the rest of the 
country, and the gap is widen- 
ing at 'an alarming rate, ac- 
cording to a survey published . 

The report, from Reward 
Regional Surveys, which is 
based in Stafford, says: “The 
message for companies is ' 
drar. Relocating employees to 
foe South-east and particular- 
ly to London is a very 
expensive business." 

House prices divide -the 
country into “two nations". 
The national average price for 
a forte-bedroom semi-de- 
tached house is £35.900 but in 
Yorkshire it is as low as 

In the Southeast, however, 
the average is £46.375. rising, 
to £63.425 in foe Greater 
London area. 

The rejfort adds: "The poor 
beleaguered first-time buyer 
must wonder what te has . 
done to deserve such an' 
impossible position-just to 
get on foe bottom rung of the 

Chandler wins 
to retain 
lead in chess - 

TheBritish grandmaster 
Murray Chandler kept his lead 
after drawing with 
grandmaster Dr John Nunn in 
the fourth round of the Lon- 
don Chess Challenge. 

Nigel Short, aged 20, anoth- 
er British grandmaster, and ‘ 
candidate for the world cham- - 
ptonship cycle, moved into 
second place with 2'h points 
after his win- against 
Denmark's Bent Larsen. 

Sharing second place arc Dr 
Nunn, Lev Polugayevsky. of 
the USSR, and Zolzan Ribli, 
of Hungary. ... 

The fourth round was high- 
lighted by several strongly • 
executed games. 

Tickets are still available for 
play which continues at the 
Great Eastern Hotel, Liver- 
pool Street, until March 27. 

Roniul four results: ft 
Vaganian (1) I, J Mestd (I'/ijQ. 
G Flear(lVj) %,Z Ribii (2) ft. B 
Spassky (l ft L Polngsyevsky 
(2) ft J Speehnan (l%f Vi, L 
Pontsch (!) ft J Plaskett <t) 0. 
M Dingy (l) 1. M Chandler (3) 
ft J Dunn (2) ft N Sbort(lVi) 1, 

B Larsen (>fc) 0. 

Child bride 
returns home 

An Iranian student and his 
bride, aged I2foave left Brit- 
ain and returned home, foe 
Home Office has confirmed. 

- .Mr Geoffrey Dickens. Con- 
servative . MP for. 
Littlcborough and 

Saddleworfo. who bad de- 
manded action because of the 
wife’s age. said at the week- 
end ; “It has solved a problem 
because dearly the husband 
would , have had to be 

Boxer still 

Steve Watt, the Scottish 
welterweight boxing champi- 
on, remained in a critical 
-condition in Charing Cross 
hospital yesterdayafler col- 
lapsing during a bout at a 
London hoteTon Friday night. 
Wait; aged 27, of Hayes, 
.Middlesex, .was carried from, 
the ring after collapsing in foe 
TOfo round of his fight .with 
Rocky Kelly, the .. southern 
area welterweight Champion. 


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Almost 250,000 
would lose a parent to Sunday 
tra&ng if only half the shops 
m Britain opened under lhe 
terms of. the Shops Bill, ac- 
cording to a report published 

Longer.. weekday trading 
hours, -also: predicted- lit -the 
Biu, could swell .the number of 
“latch-key” children who were 
unsupervised for long periods, 
the independent Family Poli- 
cy Studies Centre said. 

It estimated that if half of all 
shops were to open on Sun- 
days, 350,000 shop workers 
would be needed. They would 
include 94,300 mothers with a 
total of 169,740 children un- 
der 16, and . 34,776 fethcrs 
with 62,597 children below 
that age. 

As a result 232337 children 
frould not have both parents 
around for all or part of 
Sunday. “The family Sunday 
might never be thesame again 
for one child in 157, Mr - 
Malcolm Wicks, the centre's 
director, said. 

Nevertheless, some family 
pends indicated that chang es 
in shopping hours were desir- 
able, especially since in many 

By PSatricix CKmgli 

children families both parents worked 
and overall shopping time had 
been reduced. 

' ‘safe for 
shop safe’ 

By Onr Social Services 

Benzodiazepine sleeping 
tablets, now available only on 
prescription, should be avail- 
able over the counter to help 
the nation to get a good night’s 
sleep, a specialist in the study 
of sleep has suggested. 

“Many people keep a few 
sleeping pals at home for the 
odd occasion when experience 
suggests that the day’s events 
will cause a troubled night," 
Professor Ian Oswald, profes- 
sor of psychiatry at Edinburgh 
University, says in a leading 
article in the British Medical 

“Today’s hypnotics are safe 
and are as much modem 
facilities as, telephones or 
videos.**' When any adult is 
free to buy a bottle iff voffka. 
Professor Oswald says, “I do 
not see why short-acting 
benzodiazepine hypnotics 
should not be simflariy avail- 
able in Britain”. Doctors need 
not always be the nnennediar- 

Chloride leak 
pool closed 

Tbiny-eightcbildren and 13 
parents were allowed home 
yesterday from hospital where 
they had been detained over- 
night after inhaling chloride 
fumes during a party at the 
swimming pool in Tenby, 
west Wales. 

Council officials have begun 
an investigation and the pool 
has been closed while experts 
examine the equipment 

Tea still top 
British drink 

Tea is still Britain's 
favourite drink and consump- 
tion last year of more than 
180,000 tonnes exceeded that 
of North America and West- 
ern Europe combined. 

A report published today 
says that the average person 
drinks about four caps of tea a 
day, and tea accounts for 45 
per cent of everything drunk 
m Britain. 

Guards in fire 

More than 25 soldiers were 
evacuated when fire broke out 
early yesterday in an accom- 
modation block at Com- 
berm ere Barracks, Windsor. 
Berkshire, the. home of the 
Life Guards. 

may 200,000 

J children in 
pay study 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Almost, 200,000 children 
aged under 16 are to take part 
in a national study that could 
lead to a new system of paying 
dentists. It would encourage 
them to preserve teeth and 
prevent decay rather than be 
paid for filling or restoring 
rotten teeth. - 
-The Department of Health 
has agreed. to go ahead with a 
study, due to start in July, 
involving 1.000 dentists w 
eight parts of Britain: Half will 
be paid a flat Tate for looking 
after the children’s teeth, rath- 
er than the item-of-sexvice fees 
for each examination, filling, 
crown' or other treatment 
which the other 500 dentists 
will receive. 

The experiment follows a 
successful trial with 50 den- 
tists, and criticism that the 
present system of paying den- 
tists encourages over-treat- 
ment, foils to reward efforts to 
prevent disease, and is open to 

Advocates of capitation fees 
for dentists believe that the 
system coukl, in the long run, 
be adopted for adults as well 
as children, but proof that it 
works is needed first 
‘The study will cost 
£360,000 and run until 1988. 
the effect of the two payment 
systems on the health of the 
children’s teeth wfll he com- 
pared, together with the effect 
on dentists' income, and on 
whether they over-treat or do 
too little. 

Critics of the present ar- 
rangements argue that because 
dentists are paid a small fee 
only for examination and 
advice, and higher fees for 
treating the results of decay, 
there is little or no incentive, 
other than good professional 
behaviour, to spend time 
leaching good dental hygiene 
and trying to prevent decay. 

Critics of proposed capita- 
tion fees say that they could 
lead to “supervised neglect”, 
encouraging dentists to cany 
out the absolute minimum of 
treatment necessary to elimi- 
nate pain and discomfort, 
while still receiving the annual 
fee for less work than was 
really necessary. 

Longer-trading hours could 
give opportunities for fathers 
U) become more involved in 
child care and would enable 
some couples to adjust their 
working hours so that at least 
one parent was available' to 
care for the children. 

Many teenagers work in 
shops- on Saturdays and “Sat- 
urday jobs” would probably 
become “weekend jobs",- the 
report said. While many teen- 
agers would welcome the extra 
pocket money, it could reduce 
time spent whh the family in 
adolescent years and would 
give them less time to study at 
a critical stage in. their educa- 

Longer trading hours would 
bring risks, especially for 
women and young people, of 
working unsocial hours and 
travelling to and from work 
alone, often on inadequate 
public transport ‘ 

Miss Melanie Heriwood, co- 
author of the report said: “It 
is vital that the family interest 
(in the Bill) is-debated fully.” 

Father of 
MP dies 
in Ukraine 

The father of a British MP 
has died aged 83 in the 
Ukraine just befnre his son’s 
first visit home in more than 
40 years. 

, Mr Stefan Terlezkt Conser- 
vative MP for Cardiff West 
was told yesterday, 24 hours 
before he and his fondly were 
doe to leave. He will continue 
with the trip . and hopes . to 
attend the fomeraL 
“While it hurts me terribly 
thall was unable, by so brief a 
time, to be at his bedside when 
he died, I am glad that his 
physical and mental pain is 
now at an end." 

Rail cuts leave 


By Michael Baily, Transport Editin' 

British Rail passengers are 
suffering serious overcrowd- 
ing as the railways cut back on 
rolling slock to meet govern- 
ment financial targeis. 

On the east coast main line, 
where some of the busiest 
trains run from. York and 
Edinburgh to King's Cross, 
London, first-class passengers 
are forced regularly, to stand 
from as for as Peterborough, 
nearly 80 miles oul . . 

In the southern region, the 
Brighton, Portsmouth and 
Chatham lines are reported to 
be among the worst, while 
Peterborough, Southend, and 
Cambridge in the east, and 
Oxford and DidcoL in the 
west, are also notoriously bad. 

On these and other routes in 
Wales, Scotland and the north 
of England, overcrowding oc- 
curs particularly at peak peri- 
ods such as school holidays, 
weekends and for exhibitions 
of sporting events. 

lie latest surge in over- 
crowding has been caused 
partly by the success of British 
Rail marketing initiatives, in- 
cluding several cut-price ticket 
offers, and a big reduction in 
rolling stock to meet govern- 
ment financial targets. 

London commuter services 
are to lose 500 coaches in the 
next five years, but the biggest 
squeeze will be fell on inter- 
city routes where British Rail 
is trying to cut heavy mainte- 
nance costs by rationalizing 
services and reducing the fleet. 

Between 1981 and 1984, the 

inter-city coach fleet was cut 
by 40 per cent from 4,000 to 
2,500 and British Rail has now 
embarked on a programme to 
transform its current £230 
million operating loss to a £36 
million profit by 1989. 

Mr Christopher Groome, an 
economist who commutes by 
inter-city from Kettering, 
Northamptonshire, to Lon- 
don, is spokesman for the 
Kettering Rail Users 
Associatio n. “British Rail tell 
us that to achieve financial 
targets they have to cm rolling 
stock costs. Meanwhile, they 
have to bring supply and 
demand into balance, which 
presumably means raising 
feres to price people off 
trains," he said. 

“We are very hurt and 
angry. Many people have en- 
tered into commitments as to 
jots, homes, and children's 
education. They say that by 
1987-88 they plan to reduce 
train sets from 12 to 10 which 
wfll cause very bad over- 

British Rail admits it will 
have to fight hard to meet a 25 
per cent cut in government 
support for passenger services 
by next year: But it claims that 
overcrowding is under control 
with only three in every LOCK) 
passengers, or 6,000 a day, 
forced to stand. 

A new scheme to allow 
families to reserve up to four 
second-class seats for £1 is also 
being planned in an effort to 
beat the problem. 


Young parents are the most 
penalized consumers as for as 
eating oof is concerned, ac- 
cording to the first issue of the 
Budget Good food Guide, 

published today. 

Standards hi some foamy 
restaurants were abysmal, the 
editors say, and hi many puts 
of the country they coold find 
nowhere to recommend to 
those with children who might 
want a regular break front 
cooking for the family. - 
The guide does list 1,500 
places where customers can 
ret for about £5 a head and 
have food that the editors 
think better than “all right". 

Tbey inctadesoRW surpris- 
ingly smart addresses. The 
Dorchester Hotel »a London is 
indoded for its cock toB bar 
stacks such as warm oyster* 
wrapped in bacon. “A flash 
spot to meet before a flight 
oat", the flaidt wbserres.- 
Ike Britannia Inter-Conti- 
nental Hotel is Grasrenw 
Square is foctodeff far the 
transatlantic sandwiches 
snacks is its Best of Both 
Worlds cafe. ' 

Sbngariy (he S harrow Bay 
Hotel ha UHswttec, where 
*a the _ stress* 

' By Robin Young 
“exemplary" £5 afternoon tea. 
Forbrant & Mason is there for 
the Fountain RestanranTs 
meals through the day from 
breakfast to after-theatre sop- 

P«V _ . . 

On a cheaper plane, black 
ywMiag and mushy peas at 
Pie Tom’s stall in Rawson 
Market, Bradford, costs less 
than 50p, while the Inebriated 
Newt in Gapbam, south-west 
London, is recommended as “a. 
genuine cut-price restaurant 
■ serving everything from gigan - 
tfe lib hamburgers to. deep- 
fried seaweed”. Large parties 
wm order a whole Iamb to be 
roasted in the dining room. 

At the Mflecasde Inn at 


near Hadrian’s Wall the own- 
a makes his own game and 
remson sausages to sell as bar 
meals at £4 w less. 

The National GaHery res- 
4 ymmr in London is lecom- 
mended though it is ad mitt ed 
file dishes are not the eqriva-. 
lent of the pictorial master- 
nfeces in the braiding, and the 
Victoria & Albert Museum's 
self-service resta u mrat Is said 
togrre "new hope to the idea of 
fMtmnn and gallery food", 
serving very rare bce£ Egyp- 

tian lemon chicken and fine 
prone tart. 

In Edinburgh the Gallery of 
Modem Artis commended for 
Bid rissoles with chick peas. 

The Theatre Royal at Bury 
St Edmnnds is one theatre bar 
commended for meals. 

Other curiosities among the 
predictable public houses, fish 
and chip shops, south Indian 
vegetarian and Chinese dim* 
cam restaurants include the 
cockle sheds on the front at 
Leigh-on-Sea in Essex 
(“check the times of the 
tides’*) and the Flora Tea 
Rooms on the beach at 
Dnnwich, Suffolk, where fish 
goes straight from the boats 
into batter and the frier. 

Only one forge fast-food 
restaurant chain. Pizza Ex- 
press, is considered good 
enough for a full entry, bat 
among burger bars 
McDooaMVis voted best iff 
the chains- for takeaways, and 
Wendy the best for the family 
to go to together. 

The Little Chef and Happy 
Eater roadside cafe chains 
finish ed in a dead-heat as 

sumer Association, Ho d d er A - 
S trough ton; £4.95) 

Prince Andrew presenting a trophy to Morten Frost, from Denmark, winner of the men's singles final at the All-England 
open badminton championships at Wembley yesterday (Photograph : John Voos). Tournament report : page 32 

Prince plays it single at badminton 

A small crowd had gathered in 
the balmy midday sunshine yes- 
terday by a back entrance of the 
Wembley sports complex, venae 
of the British badminton 
championship (Alan Hamilton 

Word spread from the photog- 
raphers on who was expected. The 
question was whether they were 
going to photograph one subject or 

At 11-50 a sOvery-green Jaguar 
swept up to the door. There was a 
matter of disappointment from the 
cameramen who could see through 
the windscreen that there was no 

woman inside. 

The driver got out and wiped an 
imaginary crease from his dark 
blue snitch,’’ said a woman 
behind the barrier as though she 
had been expecting someone en- 
tirely different “It’s Prince 

The Prince quickly shook 
hands with his badminton hosts, 
and disappeared through the door 
before members of the media 
ratpack could bowl him any 
question concerning Miss Sarah 

Speculation on the relationship 
between the Prince and Miss 

Ferguson, fuelled by the Qneen’s 
return from Australia on Friday, 
became ever more fevered during 
the weekend, with some com- 
mentators claiming with apparent 
cast-iron assurance that an 
announcement would be made 

Miss Ferguson, however, who 
has become adept at handling the 
media in full battle cry, succeeded 
in keeping a low profile. 

She was last seen being driven 
at high speed by her father in a red 
BMW car from their home at 
Dnmmer, Hampshire, to an un- 
known destination. 

Togetherness ends class-ridden works canteen 

By Edward Townsend 

The image of Britain’s class- 
ridden works canteen serving 
stodgy food to the workers 
while the bosses eat in board- 
room splendour, has finally 
been laid to rest, according to 
the Industrial Society. 

Its latest survey of works 
catering, published today. 

shows that most companies 
now have one restaurant 
where the di rectors, office staff 
and shop floor workers regu- 
larly eat together. 

The division now is be- 
tween the eating habits of the 
office and the shop floor, with 
secretaries and clerks prefer- 
ring to buy meals, while the 
reverse is the case in the 

factory, the society says. 

The survey covers 480 ca- 
tering operations and 680 
dining rooms in factories and 
offices throughout Britain, 
and indicates that 58 out of 
every 100 workers eat in- 

In the Midlands and the 
South, snacks appear to be 
growing in popularity, while 

in the North and Scotland 
most people still prefer a 
cooked midday meaL In Lon- 
don, workers drink twice as 
many cups of vended tea and 
coffee as elsewhere in Britain. 

Catering prices, costs and 
subsidies and other information. 
Hie Industrial Society (Peter 
Runge House, 3-4 Carlton 
House Terrace. London SW1 
5DG, £12.50). 

Gene clue 
in baby 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Scientists are close to find- 
ing the gene responsible for 
cystic fibrosis, the incurable 
disease with which ai least one 
baby is bora every day in 

The discovery could lead to 
the development of tests to 
identify the two million or 
more carriers of the abnormal 
gene, a report published today 
by the Office of Health Eco- 
nomics says. 

Routine tests to diagnose 
the disease in an unborn child 
could also follow, allowing 
parents to opt for termination 
of pregnancy, the report says. 

About one person in 20 
carries the cystic fibrosis gene, 
and when it is present in both 
parents, there is a one in four 
chance that each offspring will 
inherit the disease. 

Children with the gene 
suffer from recurrent Tung 
infections and from thick 
mucus in the lungs and other 
organs. Fewer than 25 per cent 
survive into their 30s. The 
precise biochemical fault that 
causes the condition is still 
unknown, and there is no 
known cure. 

However, researchers, at St 
Mary's Hospital. Paddington, 
and others in Denmark, Cana- 
da and the United States, have 
found located the defective 
me in human chromosomes. 
Hood samples were taken 
from more than 200 children 
with thegene to follow the 
inheritance of the condition. 

“This discovery has raised 
new hopes and represents a 
significant breakthrough.” the 
report says, “it is hoped one 
consequence will be the devel- ■ 
opment of new tests to identi- ‘ 
< y the two million or so 
carriers of the gene." 

The report says less than 
half of cystic fibrosis patients 
in Britain are being treated at a 
total of 16 specialist centres 
despite evidence that such 
centres can be responsible for 
substantial improvements in ; 
both quality and length of life, 
when compared with the out- 
come achieved in non-special- 
isl sellings. 

• Cystic Fibrosis (Office of 
Health Economics, 12 White- 
hall, London SW1A 2DY; £11 

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Suspended jail terms 
for young offenders 
would be ‘bad mistake’ 

New move 
to change 
law on 

child care 

Bv Patricia Gongh 

The introduction of sus- 
pended jail sentences for 
young offenders would be a 
‘‘serious mistake”, with more, 
not fewer, young people end- 
ing up in prison. 

The warning is given today 
bv the National .Association 
for the Care and Resettlement 
of Offenders (Nacro) in a 
paper sent to the Home Office 
to help with its review of the 

Courts have had the power 
to suspend jail sentences in 
full since 1 96S. and to suspend 
them partially since 1981 But 
that has been denied to of- 
fenders aged under 21 since 
I9S3. when imprisonment for 
that age group was abolished 
and replaced by the youth 
custody scheme. 

In its paper, the association 
says: “Eighteen years* experi- 

ence of the suspended prison 
sentence illustrates all too 
clearly the likely results of 
introducing suspended sen- 
tences for young people”. 

Courts had misused the 
power by imposing suspended 
sentences on offenders they 
would not normally have sent 
to prison. One third of such 
sentences were later activated 
with the result that offenders 
who would not otherwise have 
been imprisoned ended in jail. 

Moreover, magistrates bad 
consistently imposed longer 
sentences when suspending 
them than when sending of- 
fenders directly to jail As a 
result those that were eventu- 
ally enforced were longer. 

In 1984. the association 
says, only 16 per cent of 
suspended prison sentences 
were less than one month. 

compared with 32 per cent of 
non-suspended sentences. 
Since suspended sentences 

were abolished for young 
adults, they had been replaced 
mainly by non -custodial pen- 
alties, "demonstrating that sus- 
pended sentences were not 
being used for their original 
purpose, which was keeping 
young people out of prison. 

The association concludes: 
“The overwhelming weight of 
evidence suggests that the 
introduction of suspended or 
partly suspended sentences for 
young offenders would lead to 
an increase in the number of 
young people entering penal 

“We hope, therefore, that 
the Home Office will decide 
against including provisions 
to this effect in the forthcom- 
ing Criminal Justice BilL” 

Sports study A level introduced 

A new coarse leading to the 
first GCE A-level examination 
in sports studies will be avail- 
able at 25 schools and colleges 
throughout Britain from Sep- 

Candidates, who are being 
limited to 300 initially, will 
not. however, need to be good 
at playing sport. 

Mr John Day. secretary 
general of the .Associated Ex- 

amining Board, said there 
would be no practical tesL The 
courses would be academic, 
concentrating on the technical 
analysis of sport and the 
demands made on the per- 
former by different sports. 

The scientific knowledge 
related to performance would 
also be considered- 

“The scientific and socio- 
loeical effects of an emerging 

sports-cum-leisure industry 
pose new demands of know- 
ledge and management skills,’* 
Mr Dav said. 

“This A level will go some 
way towards preparing young 
people for these new chal- 
lenges. either as direct en- 
trants to the industry or higher 

The first examination will 
be in 1988. 


A Conservative MP will 
make a second attempt this 
week to change the law to 
provide legal safeguards 
against child abuse, in spite of 
government opposition to his 

Mr Dennis Walters. Conser- 
vative MP for Westbnry, has 
modified substantially his Pri- 
vate Member's Bin under 
which the approval of magis- 
trates would be needed before 
a child in local authority: care 
could be returned to its par- 

Hie Biff has already had a 
second reading but the Gov- 
ernment has made dear that it 
will block the measure as it 
stands.Tbe Bill will reach the 
committee stage on Wednes- 

The changes are, first, that- 
the restriction he proposes oh 
re turning children to the par 
rental borne will now apply 
only in cases of ill-treatment 
and neglecL 

Second, within that catego- 
ry, the court's approval will be 
required only where the mag- 
istrates who make the original 
order direct that the child 
roust be brought back before it 
is returned to its parents. 

Mr Walters said his aim is 
to ensure that the decision is 
not left entirely to toe discre- 
tion of social workers. 

Despite action by some of TWAs 
cabin staff, we're glad to say that we're 
back in the air with full transatlantic 
service to the USA 
For full TWA schedule information 
ring 01 -636 4090. 

Leading the way to the USA 

Mood of Ulster unionists: 1 

On a wall in “loyalist” cast 
Belfast a paifiti artist has 
scrawled toe words “Thatcher 
is a traitor”. Outride toe 
Victorian efty balk as toe 
.deputy leader of toe Demo-/ 
cm tic Unionist Party suggest- 
ed the electric-chair treatment 
for toe Prime Minister, a 
raucous dderiy woman was 
giving her own recipe. 

“If I could get my bands on 
that Moody Mis Thatcher, 1 
know what Td do. With my 
own hands Pd puD out her 
eyes.” She mined to toe 
assorted media urging them to 
report the truth about “wee 
Ulster” and toe feelings of 

The d ea l with Pnbh n has 

confirmed their worst suspi- 
cions. It has JjWJJj 
nationalism and toe ***** m 
ultimate toyafty- to Ujjjg. 
their heritage and everything 
they have worked ttrachievc- 
As provincial outsiders tlury 
are suspicious of supposedly 
sophisticated metropolitan 
ways and are indignant dat 
after 17 years of ^hc 
troubles”, a Thatcher govern- 
ment should, as they believe, 
start to deliver them to toeir 
old southern enemy. 

Before toe speeches were 
finished on toe 24-hour day of 
action, hundreds of people 
went on a rampage through 
aty streets smashing windows 
and burning care. One loyalist 
later raised a band in tire air, 
saying of the day when there 
was violence, intimidation 
and modi of industry al a 
stan dstill: “It was great. We 
showed them.” - ■ 

Manv of those involved in 
the day of anion believe that 
the intimidation and violence 
got them noticed al Westtmn- 

iter and are wiflingfor a longer 
performance. They see toe 
agreement as evidence that 
violence pays and that it is the 
only* thmg to which toe Gov- 
ernment wifi listen. 

But another woman high- 
lighted toe divirion that 
emerged in unionist r ank s. 
She sakfc “Ulster says no. 

w n . « ml 

Ulster says no to being made 
to look fools by these people 
That was just thuapy and I 
want no more of it." 

Four months after toe sign- 
ing of the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment, loyalist opposition 
remains implacable. The Gov- 
ernment has lost the propa- 
ganda batfie: there is no 
middle ground. The feeling of 
distrust and betrayal by Brit- 
ain runs across toe unionist 
co mm unity. From toe middle- 
class suburbs to working-dass 
strongholds, the antipathy to 
gjving Dublin a role in the 
North’s affairs is enormous. 

Increasing militant action 
minst the Government, al- 
Bedto ihe feeling that Britain 
can never be trusted, has 
inevitably led to talks on some 
form of independence. Many 
people suspect that toe young 
recruits to Mr Ian Paisley's 
DUP are inclined to this end 
after ail-out confrontations 
with toe Government and the 
humiliation of Mrs Thatcher. 

But despite a growing loyal- 
ist nationalism there remain 
doubts by many, particularly 
in toe industrial sector which 
would be in the forefront of a 
battle to bring . about toe 
agreement's collapse. 

■ Sources dose to the 1986 
Workers' Committee are un- 

sure about most people's reac- 
tion to any talks or breaking 
the link with Britain. They are 
not sure if there would be 
wholehearted ^support for a 
complete industrial stoppage 
and are anxious not to be used 
by ambitious politicians. 

One loyalist said: “It's ail 
very well talking about being 
prepared to eat grass but you 
can bet the workers would be 
eating it before the politicians. 
They’re jiot going to kid us 
this time:” . 

And with Ulster heavily 
dependent on the British ex- 
chequer for nuuntainance of 
its standard of living, many 
loyalist leaders suspect unions 
ists would refuse to go down 
the independence road. 

Tomorrow: Signals of 

The sense of shock that has 
engulfed unionism has been 
made worse by toe belief that 
Mis Thatcher was their one 
Jroe friend in.. the Cabinet. 
Unionism has always had a 
schizophrenic . attitude to- 
wards Britain, uncertain of 
where its ultimate laydiy lay: 
to the Crown and Westmin- 
ster, or their faith and state? ' 

toe Queen would never have 
signed an Act of Iferiiament 
containing the agreement- 

radio plan hazards 

By David Hewsoo 

Arts Correspondent 

Community radio groups 
have written to toe Home 
Secretary to protest about toe 
delay in setting up a netwcuk 
of stations across Britain. 

A Home Office-appointed 1 
committee started yetting ap- , 
plications for the experimen- j 
tal licences before Christmas i 
and had hoped to announce 
the awards last month. But the 
Home Office has said that it is 
still unable to indicate when 
toe new franchises will be 
made public. 

The Community Radio As- 
sociation complained ' that 
there was deep anxiety about 
the delay in announcing the 
experimental licences and 
called for toe choices to be 

made public as soon as possi- 
ble. It wants some of the 
stations to be given to ethnic 
groups who would run them 
specifically for their commu- 

The association said that it 
acknowledged the particular 
discrimination suffered by 
Britain’s Mack communities 
when compared with other 
socially disadvantaged groups. 

It supported their demands 
“to be served by individual 
stations as a particularly ap- 
propriate way in which com- 
munity radio could bope to 
meet their expressed and rec- 
ognized needs and diversity". . 

Union demands action 
as bus assaults rise 

Violence on London’s buses, 
is on toe Increase and toe 
Government has failed to take 
effective action to stop -ft, 
according to a report pub- 
lished today. 

The report, by the Trans- 
port and General Workers’ 
Union* shows that last year 
there were 1,200 assaults on 
London bus workers, up by 
150 on toe previousyear. 

One in every 1 5 bus writers 
was assaulted, compared ,wrto 
one in 19 toe preceding year. 

The incidence-* of violence 
towards drivers on" driver- 
only buses almost doubled to 
300 last year. Tire n umb er of 
attacks on conductors was also* 
up by 9 per cent to 665: 

- Assaults conncetedwiththc 
use ofTraveteards and passes 
had also risen sharply, as had 

usi* 1 


As unionist lenders Mat nt fee prog*? of 

^henrtrfmwmsm.n^eresnr ^onoj'nina Nn. 

twaalrom *Bd eacoaraged dreams BwegcM^^^ 

Protest at TUC alert 
delay over on office 

The office is not toe cosy 
haven it is often thought to be, 
the TUC says m a report 
published today. 

It urges workers to press for 
measures to reduce more than 
5,060 seriovs injaries reported 
in offices every year. 

Health tsmd Safety in the 
Office also points out that new 
technology has brought a 
whole new range of hazards 
into tire office. 

“The office - environment 
may be made more comfort- 
able for the machines but for 
the workforce It usually means 
more fames, more eye strain, 
more shiftwork and much 
more pressare, 4 the report 

The TUC advises workers 
and ration represen tatives to 
check for potential hazards, 
mdnd&ig pooriy-ptajmed and 
inad eq uate floor spacer faulty 
electrical wiring and eqaip- 
mast, badly guarded machin- 
ery, fames, inadequate fire 
precautions and poor tempera- 
ture-control and ventilation. 

It also urges them to check if 
anyone is su f feri ng Gram work- 
rebted injuries such as eye 
strain or skin rashes, to get 
employers to consult before 
making changes in the office 
environment, to make health 
and safety a regular item at 
their meetings and to attend a 
TUC or anion-approved 


£tu )nr 

Ir pnst 

’"J- • 

1 <r-:r» 

. •-'••I't**.: ... 

V* " t ' *•' ^ 

. ’ ■‘M 

< ... 

toe somber of assaults con- 
nected with mugging and hoo- 

The ration criticizes the 
Government's failure to act 
against violence on toe buses. 

The repott.: by- Mr Harry 
Mead, of toe union’s London 
bus committee; says that in 
1984 toe Horae- Secretary 
promised an urgent review of 
assaults rat public transport 
workers. But there had been 
iw report and iio action.. 

Cms and services 
are seen as, a contributory 
factor. Mr Terry Allan, toe 
anion's London district secre- 
tary, said: “We are determined 
to : protect our members 
against assaults and we are 
pre s si ng hard for protective 
■ screens :ahd-adur Safety mea- 
sures to be brought in." .. 

V '*,r 



* * 





t. . 



^ Pos^ 



Envoy has 
hope for 

-•■*--• 1 ' ■«_ . 31 ; 

should bring reforms hostages 

w—P From Diana Geddes 

A few days before . the 
controversial Congress vote 
on Ameriran funds for the 

Nicaraguan Owtras, a con- 
grcstooa] delegation visiting 
Managua has . concluded that 
support for President 
Reagan’s proposed miHtaiy 
aid for die rebels js necessary 
“to bring about internal 

change'” in Nicaragua 

It would also hdp “to 
pressure'’ the leftist Sandinista 
Government to negotiate with 
the Contras. 

NineRepuWican 1 congress- 
men, as well as deleg at e s from 
flu; State Department. De- 
fence- Department, and the 
White House, .left Managua 
over the weekend after a 20- 
hour visit which, they 
“strengthened . the viewpoint 
that Nicaragua is a 
‘communist', ‘tyrannical’ 
state” '.. ' 

Referring to President 
Reagan’s statement on Friday, 
Congressman David Drier of 
California said: “If be called 
them skunks, if he refers to 
himself as a Contra, then 
absolutely this is- the kfari of 
pressure that needs to be' 
applied. I support him on that 
100 per cent”# 

In interviews, the congress- 
men appeared to contradict 
the reports of Western diplo- 
mats and international human 
rights groups who say atroc- 

Front John Carlin, Managua 
ides are committed in roughly 
equal proportions by both 

sides in the Ni caraguan avjl 

war. “In fact, the violations of 
tire Contras pale next to those 
of the Sandinista 
Government,** one said. 

The delegation met mem- 
bers of the political opposi- 
tion, the Roman rathniy 
Chinch and. local human 
rights workers. 

They also raw the Nicara- 
. guan . Vice-President. Senor 
Sergio Ramirez, who told 

President Onega of Nicaragua 

of having “lost his senses* in 
riaim'm g that he hunseff felt 
like a Contra. “It is dangeroos 
if the head of a superpower has 
lost his reason,” President 
Ortega told a press conference 
-in Stockholm. - 

them flatly thattheonly thing 
his Government would nego- 
tiate with the Contras would 
be the terms of their surren- 

The Sandinistas themselves 
are convinced Washington is 
interested not in negotiations 
but in their destruction. . 

Asked how the US was able 
to justify keeping up diplo- 
matic relations with Nicara- 
gua in the light of President 
Reagan's virtual declarations 

. of war, one congressman said 
that it was “very reasonable 
for us to do so”, as it might 
help “bring about a form of 
democratic pluralism in this 

When asked to explain this 
apparent anomaly last year, a 
senior American official in 
Washington said an embassy 
offered the US an excellent 
“intelligence platform” inside 
Nicaragua. The truth of that 
was demonstrated last week 
with (he Sandinistas* exposure 
—to the embarrassment of the 
US Embassy — of four alleged 
CIA agents working as diplo- 

Costa Rican President-elect,. 
Senor Oscar Arias Sanchez, 
said yesterday the Nicaraguan 
Government would be dem- 
onstrating “intransigence” if it 
did not agree to a dialogue 
with the Contras, as recom- 
mended in a new regional 
peace plan (Reuter reports). 

Speaking at a news confer- 
ence after a three-hour meet- 
ing with President Azcona of 
Honduras, Sefior Arias said 
that Costa Rica, Guatemala. 
Honduras and El Salvador 
had agreed to support a new 
peace plan drawn up by 
President Jose Napoleon 
Duarte of El Salvador. 

liberty debate, page 12 
fowling article, page 13 

From Dana Geddes 

Dr Razah Raad, the French 
doctor of Lebanese Shia origin 
who has bees acting as a 
mediator in negotiations be- 
tween the French Government 
and the Islamic Jihad organi- 
zation for the release of 
French hostages held in Bei- 
rut, returned to Paris at the 
weekend, saying be hoped an 
early sedation to the affair 
would now be possible. 

In conversations with the 
kidnappers he had noted a 
“favourable development” in 
theft attitude. For the first 
p'mp, the pro-Iranian I slamic 
Jihad had been prepared to 
make concessions on all theft 
demands. He felt they wanted 
ta bling the affair to a dose. 

They had appeared ready to 
accept tile French proposals, 
provided they were backed by 
Syrian and Iranian guaran- 
tees, be said. He declined to 
give details of the proposals, 
except to say that they were 
centred on the release of five 
men jailed in France in con- 
nection with the attempted 
murder of Mr Shah pour 
Bakhtiar, the former Iranian 
Prime Minister, in 1980. 

He also said the kidnappers 
had expressed e desire for an 
“opening up of French policy 
towards Iran” and France's 
adoption of a neutral policy 
towards the Golf war. 

Dr Raad was unable to 

iwf a 

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Dr Razah Raad, Lebanese-born French mediator, speaking 
to reporters on his return from the Middle East. 

clarify the situation regarding 
one of the original four French 
hostages, M Michel Seurat, 
whose “execution" was an- 
nounced by Islamic Jihad on 
March 5, but proof of whose 
death has not been obtained. 

He was also unable to 
provide any news of the four 
French television men kid- 
napped in Beirut a week ago. 

On Friday a hitherto un- 

Troops put on alert 
after Panama riots 

known group, calling itself the 
“Organization of Revolution- 
ary Justice", claimed respon- 
sibility for kidnapping the TV 
crew and provided photocopies , 
of the press cards and driving i 
licences of two journalists. 

On his return to Paris on 
Saturday, Dr Raad gave a foil 
account of his talks to the 
French Foreign Ministry. 

Kidnap casualty, page 12 


Fears of 
grow in 

From M.G.G. Pfllai 
Kuala Lumpur 

The Malaysian Govern- 
ment sent additional police 
units over the weekend to 
Sabah state, East Malaysia, 
where a political crisis threat- 
ens to spill over into a 
confrontation between Mus- 
lim and Christian groups. 

Yesterday morning the state 
capital of Kota Kinabalu was 
ringed by police road blocks 
and the situation was tense 
with residents expecting more 
demonstrations from the 
main opposition political par- 


The opposition United Sa- 
bah National Organization 
sees the confrontation as a 
“last ditch” fight for Islam. It 
organized two demonstrations 
last week. 

The authorities in Kuala 
Lumpur are worried by the 
latest bout of tension in Sabah 
which could fen anti-federal 

In the past two weeks more 
than IS bombs exploded in 
the state, injuring more than 
20 and killing at least two 

Kuala Lumpur has declined 
all comment. The Prime Min- 
ister, Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir 
Mohamed, is due to visit 
Sabah next month. But there 
is a growing view in both 
Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kin- 
abalu that a state of emergency 
may be likely in Sabah. 

US coma 
ruling lets 
doctor end 

New Orleans (Reuter) - 
Doctors in the United States 
have been given the go-ahead 
by their ruling body to with- 
hold treatment from comatose 
patients, provided they have 
the agreement of the patient’s 
family and meet any wishes he 
expressed before losing con- 

The ruling was made at the 
weekend at a conference of the 
American Medical Associa- 
! lion's Council on Ethical and 
Judicial Affairs. It says it is 
now “ethical” to withhold 
food, water and medicine. 

It includes such “heroic" 
procedures as putting a coma- 
tose patient on a respirator 
when he experiences breathing 
difficulties, and covers those 
who are not in immediate 
danger of dying. 

If a patient's condition “is 
beyond doubt irreversible, it is 
not unethical to discontinue 
all life-prolonging means of 
medical treatments", it says. 

Doctors can use the ruling 
as a defence if taken to court in 
cases where treatment has 
been withdrawn. 

The council chairman. Dr 
Nancy Dickey, said the deci- 
sion was expected to cause 
controversy. “We felt sure it 
would not be embraced with 
open arms by all people, but 
there is absolutely nothing in 
this dictating that a physician 
should act against his moral 
and ethical beliefs.” 



n 'C air , 

»?n uni* - - 

. A 

i.i* % 


; » 

*. f * 

Panama City (Reuter) — 
Soldiers armed with MI6 
rifles reinforced scores of riot 
police outside the National 
Assembly here yesterday after 
anti-government protests left 
aL least one person dead and 
an unknown number of peo- 
ple injured. 

The disturbances began on 
Saturday night and continued 
until dawn as the sixth day of a 
crippling nationwide strike, 
began. The strike was called in 
protest at proposed reforms of 
the labour laws. . 

The reforms were proposed 
by President del Vafle last 
week as part_of an austerity 
' package to help the country to 
qualify for badfiy needed new 
credits and debt-financing 6- 

- dhties from the World Bank 
and International' Monetary 
Fund. .. 

They would slash payment 
for overtime and other worker - 
’ benefits andarecxpected lo be 
approved by the assembly in 
an emergency session. . . 

The violence was ap pa re nt-- 
Ty sparked by the reform {dan. 
Police responded to rock- 
throwing protesters with tear 
gas and birdshot 
The opposition newspaper 
La Prensa reported that a 
demonstrator, aged 22, was 

named for 
peace post 

- From Christopher Mosey 


Mr Invar Carissan, the 
Swedish Prime Minister, was 
yesterday asked, to take over 
thf> chairmanship foe Inde- 
pendent Disarmament Cbm- 
ratariau left vacant after foe 
1 a ssassinati on of Us predeces- 
■ sor, Mr Olof Palme. 

By last m g fr* nearly all the 
world leaders and sta te sme n 
who attended the fimeral on 
Saturday had left Stockholm. 
Mr George Shaftz, the US 
Secretary of State, described 
Saturday's fimeral service as 
muring. “It was a privilege to 
be there.” be said. 

The service was attended by 
1,700 morawrs, to dadm g 16 
beads of state led by M 
Francois Mitterrand, the 
Presi de nt of France, 17 Prime 
Ministers and 19 Foreign 
Ministers. Britain was repre- 
sented by Lord Wbftelaw, 
Lord president of the OwdcO. 

The funeral service, h eld jb 
S tockholm's magnifice nt town 
fan by the mist-shrouded 
waters of Lake Mataren, and 
the procession that followed 
through the city's streets to the 
church yar d of Gasttf Ado& 
passed without toejdeat. 

Mr Victor Gmmarsspn, 
aged 33, attested os saspiaon 
of faring been involved is the 
assassination of Mr Palme, 
must be either charged or 
released from custody by this 

shot at point-blank range by a 
policeman during the rioting, 

. but a spokesman for the 
security forces denied respon- 
sibility for ins death. - 
He raid about 30 demon- 
strators were arrested during 
the disturbances, which were 
pro voked by “b mob of van- 
dals who were assaulting- 
businesses” hear the assem- 
bly. . 

Tension had mounted dur- 
ing the afternoon when about 
20,000 demonstrators, led by 
militant leaders of the 70,000- 
member National Council of 
Organized Workers, marched 
on the assembly to protest 
agamst the reforms. 

The slogan-chanting dem- 
onstrators angrily confronted 
about 250 riot police blocking 
access to the assembly but left 
peacefully after about two 

- Riot, police, aimed with 
stun-guns, dubs and rubber 
truncheons, were reinforced 
yesterday by about 60 soldiers. 

Asked if the troop presence 
meant the military was pre- 
pared to crush further pro- 
tests, a lieutenant in charge of 
security outside the assembly 
said “it can be interpreted that 

S ummi t 



Stockholm — Soviet and 
American officials attending 
the funeral of Mr Olof Palme, 
have expressed dissatisfaction 
with developments since last 
year’s superpower summit be- 
tween President Rea g an and 
Mr Gorbachov (Christopher 
Mosey writes). 

After twohours of “candid” 
talks with Mr Nikolai 
Ryzhkov, the Soviet Prime 
Minister, Mr George Shultz, 
the United States' Secretary of 
State, aid “We were in 
agreement that the meetings 
between Mr Reagan and Mr 
Gorbachov continued to give 
a good baas for continued 

The talks, held at the Soviet 
Embassy in Stockholm, went 
on for an hoar longer than' 
scheduled and were the first 
top-level discussions since the 

No negotiations as such fad 
taken place. Mr Shultz said, 
and no derisions were taken 
on a possible follow-up sum- 

“We have had a very candid 
exchange of ideas across a 
broad spectrum of issues,” he 

The discussions had centred 
on the possibility ofa new ban 
on nuclear testing. Mr Shultz 
gave the Soviet Premier the 
text of President Reagan's 
latest offer to allow the Soviet 
Union to study the US system 
for monitoring an eventual 
test ban. 

Who makes the 
best selling 
trucks in Britain? 

ilk, " 



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Rembrandt ruled out 

BerUn (AP) - Art historians 
have officially declared the 
painting "Man With The 

Dutch masters* company.” 

Restoration on the painting 
started last spring after a 

IHTulHfK . mou ^ T*v — . i 

Golden Hdmet" tl» of Dutch Curators commission 
an unknown artist, after it -was visiting We* Betfin doubted 
for centuries regarded as one it was the work of Rembrandt. 

■ ' 1 V-V" ' 


of Rembrandt'S masterpiece^ 
The infimnaiwn ws 
publk: m a special exhibRwn 
. of rite'ietoorod painting * 
West Balm museum, its first 


origin were made puWfc test 


, A statement from the Muse- 
um, of Ptosssan G*J* 

“ft. is now cfcar Lfat 
.■picftte.'wtt not panned oy 
RenftKasdt, but by 
knows artist bdkwgu® 10 . 

“After careful deaning and 
restoration, the picture now 
better resembles its original 
sriteand allows a. more realis- 
tic, inspection of the work," 
the statement said. 

The work, which depicts an 
elderly man in. armour wear- 
ing a plumed golden helmet 
panned cm a. murky, back- 
ground; will be returned to 
storage with the city's .Rem- 
brandt colfeclion. 

■ J.-.. ' ■■■ ■>■ ■ 

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thf nMFS MONDAY MARCH 17 1986 




AIDS is a serious disease . Not all the infor- 
mation available has been entirely accurate , so 
many people are confused about who is at risk , 
how the disease is spread and how dangerous it is. 

To explain the facts entirely, it is necessary to 
describe certain sexual practices. These may 
shock but should not offendyou as we are talking 
about an urgent medical problem. 

Please read this carefully. It is up-to-date and 
authoritative. It is only by knowing the true facts 
about AIDS that we can hope to control the 
spread of this disease. This requires an effort by 

all of us. 






c.iiefmedical^khcers^ti^tiieh^ealth departments 


AIDS stands for Acquired Immune 

Deficiency Syndrome. 

It is caused by a virus that attacks the 
body’s natural defence system. 

This is why some people who have 
the virus can fall prey to infections and 
other illnesses which rarely trouble 
healthy people. 

Not everyone who carries the virus 
develops AIDS. But, anyone who has 

the virus can pass it on. 

At present there is neither a vaccine 
to prevent people catching the virus 
nor a cure for those who develop 

4 , ‘ ■ ' -V_ ■" t 

a. AIDS nucleoid containing the biological message to cause damage . : 

b. Lipid membrane (very-fragile). Packages virus and aUoivs movement 
between cells, c. T helper cell/ white cell. 

s . v.™ a". ' 0.. •"’ i i •. ” !~' v . . . ..'i'" 



kissing carries no risk. Nor does being 
at school or at work with infected 


AIDS is caused by a virus which is 
spread by having sex with an infected 
person or by injection of contaminated 


So normal social contact with a 
person who carries the virus such as 
shaking hands, hugging and social 




No-one has ever become infected 
from toilet seats, door knobs, clothes, 
towels, swimming pools, food, cups, 
cutlery or glasses. 

: ■ : .• " , ; "<* • 

Before the virus was discovered, 
there was a very small risk from blood 
transfusions. Now all blood donations 
are screened for the infection. Any 
blood found to be infected is rejected. 

The process of giving blood is not 
and never has been risky. All the equip- 
ment at blood donation centres is 
sterile and used once only. 


In two ways. 

LI The virus spreads mostly through 
sexual intercourse with an infected 

Lit is also spread if an infected 
person’s blood gets into someone 
else’s blood. The major risk of this 
happening is to drug users who 
share needles or other equipment. 

U Babies of infected mothers are 
also at risk, in the womb, during 
birth, or from breast milk. 


U Any sex between two people 
who are uninfected is completely 


U Hugging, squeezing and feeling 
are all safe with anyone. 

what is 

U Sexual intercourse with an 
infected person is risky- 

U Using a sheath reduces the risk 
of AIDS and other diseases. 

U Rectal sex involves the highest 
risk and should be avoided. 

U Any act that damages the penis, 
vagina, anus or mouth is dangerous, 
particularly if it causes bleeding. 

U Intimate kissing with an infected 
person may be risky. 

• j ' ..,*'4 Of*'**. - 

Doctors and scientists around, the 
world are searching urgently for a 
vaccine or cure. 

No-one can predict when this might 
be found, but it is almost certain it will 
take some time yet. 

But AIDS can be controlled by re- 
ducing the spread of infection. - 
These facts show how it can be 

. 'L'v. £ 

wCSlft wv -v • 

For the booklet on AIDS, containing 
more detailed information and advice, 
write to Dept A, P.O. Box 100, Milton 
Keynes MK1 1TX. 

Or call in strict confidence 

Injecting drug users , are at risk if 
they share needles or other equipment. 
By far the best solution is not to inject 
at all. Those who persist, should not 
share equipment. 

However, the major risk of infection 
is through sex. 

The more sexual partners someone 
has the more likely they are to have sex 
with an infected person. 

Cutting down on casual relationships 

cuts down the risk. 

The next line of defence is to know 
what is safe sexual practice and what 
is not. 

j - f TELE PHrill & ■- SERVI CE 
i ' • -?■? z OT -981 27 1 7 , ■ • ' 

S - ' '*• ‘1: 0 1-980 "7222' 'or. 

! • V 1' . ^ ' 





in i ,(> 


\\ a‘ * £ I R 

-ret' n left: 

;-?ani a ’ 

If you are calling from outside 
London, use the 0345 number anH you * 
will be charged at local rates. 


| jA. s& 


- * & 



Tamil lif eline cut 

ive killed as blast on 
track derails train 


This northernmost town of 
Sn Lanka, and the most 
densely populated Tamil area 
m the country, has had its 
lifeline to the rest of the 
country cm again as as explo- 

siot in a culvert Mew up the 
railway track and derailed a 
train. Five people died and 37 
were injured. Two of The 
sumvors are said to be oiti- 
iH in the government 
hospital here. 

The crash yesterday filled 
the already hard-pressed hos- 
piaL which a few days ago was 
itself the scene of a gun battle 
between rival factions of one 
of the groups of militant rebels 

Inmut va • - - s m . 

From Michael Haariyn, Jaffna 

The explosion was immedi- 
affi attributed by official 
statemen t s to “terroris t s*’, and 
one report referred to “a group 
of anoed. terrorists” who 
threatened the stafionmaster 
at Fhrandian,' fonang him to 
abandon his post before blast- 
Hg ite culvert about 100 
yards, before the «m*ihn‘ But 
the people here firmly believe 

dent Tamil state in the north 
and east of Sri Lanka. A nuise 
and a patient who had come 

forandectrtHardiogram died 
in that shooting. 

The train, which runs from 
Colombo to the Jaffna district 
each day, was wrecked be- 
tween the northern towns of 
Kilinochchi and Paranthan. 
The driver saw the culvert 
Mown upa few yards ahead of 
him on a fairly fast stretch of 
track and applied the brakes, 
but he was not mile to prevent 
the crash. - 





tlrat the action was carried out 
by members of the Sri Lankan 

However, it is at least as 
likely that it .was carried out by 

Tamil militan ts, who may 

have intended to cut the line 
without loss of life. The train 
on this stretch carries almost 
exclusively Tamil pa sse ngers. 

The Sri Lankan railways say 
that the damme to track and 
rolling stock will cost 600,000 
rupees (£15,000) to put right, 
but that' the train service 
should be back in order in two 
or three days. In the past the 
drivers ana staff have been 
reluctant to continue driving 
the train after such incidents, 
and there may be a Anther 
delay before this reluctance is 

-The fed; that the trains have 
been running so infrequently, 
and drat there have been very 
few goods t rains running on 
the line, has matte for a 
number of shortages in the 
Jaffna district. 

Petrol, in particular, is in 
short supply here, and is sold 
by the botuefuL One bottle of 

e3W£ , 3RS?5r 

*? Teven ® e ^ gallon than in the south of the 
country. As a result, there are 
- vlI ** e " at few rare on the roads, and in 
m the Eastern return there are few Jafiba 
province near Tnncomalea products in the south. 

Black crowds defy 
Pretoria at 
township funerals 

From Kay Kennedy, Johannesburg 

A Soviet animal lover sheltering a young puppy in her coat during trading at Moscow’s 150- 
year-old pet market The market, which regularly attracts 25^000 people in sub-zero tem- 
peratures, was granted an eleventh-hour reprieve by municipal authorities after being closed 
last month becanse of “unsatisfactory sanitary conditions”. 

India signs Ecuador 
Westland shaken by 
agreement fighting 

Many thousands of blacks 
in South African townships 
defied the Government at the 
weekend as they buried vic- 
tims of the unrest under the 
banners of the African Nation- 
al Congress (ANC) and the 
hammer and sickle. 

Some minor clashes oc- 
curred between police and 
mourners, but for the most 
part the police kept watch 
from their armoured person- 
nel carriers as the crowds 
chanted ANO' slogans add 
listened to fiery speakers who 
ignored magisterial orders 
that only churchmen could 
address the funerals. 

At least 1 5,000 people gath- 
ered in Guguletu township 
outside Cape Town, where 
seven men — allegedly ANC 
guerrillas — were shot dead by 
police earlier this month. 

They were referred to as 
“martyrs who have fallen 
before the enemy bullet”. Mr 
Aubrey Makoena, leader of 
the Release Mandela Commit- 
tee. said those responsible for 
their deaths would one day 
“stand trial before a tribunal 
of the people for their crimes”. 

Only two foreign television 
crews and two stul photogra- 
phers were allowed into 
Guguletu under a “poor ar- 
rangement between the state 
and the media. 

At Orkney, 100 miles south- 
west of Johannesburg, crowds 

taunted a police video unit 
with chants of “Blacks will 
win with their AJC47s” as 
three men killed in Kanana 
township dashes were buried. 

A wooden replica of an 
AK47 — the Soviet-made 
Kalashnikov semi-automatic 
rifle — was buried with 
Tanduxdo Mbefoe, an ANC 
guerrilla shot by police in New 
Brighton township near Port 

Police seized ANC flags 
from the coffins of two more 
unrest victims in Saulsville 
township hear Pretoria, where 
thousands of people defied 
magisterial orders that only 
200 mourners should attend 
and that the victims should be 
buried separately. 

Meanwhile, 14 people died 
in violence at gold mines near 
Johannesburg, and another 
two died in township violence, 
officials said yesterday. 

The Anglo American Cor- 
poration said seven mine 
workers were killed and 67 
others injured in tribal faction 
fighting at Vaal Reefs mine. 

Seven men died at Blyvoor- 
uitzicht mine when police and 
workers dashed after a strike 
over a new bonus scheme. 

In the black township of 
Joubenon, west of Johannes- 
burg. police said two men 
were killed when a crowd that 
had petrol-bombed police ve- 
hicles was dispersed. 

From KaMip Nayar 

India signed on Saturday 
the long-delayed agreement 
for buying 21 Westland hefi- 
qopters, a major boost for the 
country’s dvfl aviation. 

The agreement concluded 
shortly before the visit of Sr 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreran 
Secretary, for bilateral tafia 
with the Government iwi 
been delayed for some time. .. 

The meeting between foe 
Prime Ministers of India and 
Britain, MrRqiv Gandhi and 
Mrs Thatcher, m London a 
few months ago ra said to have 
cleared foe prob lems , mostly 
fi nancial ..Britain has given 
India an outzrafo gram of £65 
mifoon to make foe purchase 
offoeheUcoptesposribl^; 1 

Delhi proposes to sSC up a 
helicopter corporation to pro- 
vide transport for Indian 03 
Corporation employees work- 
ing in remote places and also 
to caTTy passengera to airports 
in busy cities snob as Bombay, 
Calcutta and Defiri. 

India also signed on Satur- 
day an agreement for the 
purchase of 19 Airbus A320 
planes to expand and modern^ 
ize its air transport fleet. 

Meanwhile, in Punjab, 
where extremists have been 
killing two or three people 
daily m foe past few months, 
foe In dian Government has 
formally asked foe state’s . 
Sikh-Akali Government to 
take “some credible steps” to 
end the spate of murders. 

Mr Aron Nehru, Minister 
for Internal Security, ta lke d to 
Mr Suijii Singh Bamala, the 
Chief Minister, by phone on 
Saturday and, although this is 
not the first dare Delhi has 
asked Punjab to take firm 
steps, it is Mr Nehru's phrase 
that “his advice should be 
taken seriously" that makes 
the situation ominous. 

• Homes sekfc India has 
signed a memorandum of 
undemanding to buy the air- 
craft carrier HMS Hermes, 
Britain's flagship during the 
Falklands war, foe Press Trust 
of India said yesterday (Ren- 
ter reports). Neither British 
nor Indian officials would 
confirm the report 

Quito (Reuter) — A bloody 
militar y battle at Quito’s inter- 
national airport has stunned 
Ecuadorans and shaken foe 
fabric of democracy la the 
cw rtry, political analysts said 

^h^wenmeBt said four 
people were JdHed and nine 
iqjured m foe 9fr4amitie battle 
to dislodge rebel General 
frank Vargas Puzos from the 
ate base alongside the runways 
of the airport here on Friday. 
Nempaper reports, however, 
said at least a dozen people 
died, ipdmHng a woman and 
her yearoU child, hit by a 
stray foot as they watched the 

General Vargas was foscov- 
tqred hiding in a canteen with 
r two of his officers sqnn^honrs 
after the battle. He was taken 
to n nriHtary camp fa the 
I capita] where he Is being held 
under dose guard. . * 

r- The Government said about 
M0 rebel troops and 200 
civilians had also been arrest- 

. It was. General Vargas’s 
second mutiny within a week 
and political analysts here 
said it indicated that he might 
have significant backing with- 
in the armed forces. 

. President Febres Cordero, . 
who declared a state of emer- 
gency to deal with foe rebet 
B«m — dosiag down four radio 
statkmsand damping a curfew 
« part of foe country - is only 
Ecaador's ; third . President 
since the ntilkary handed om 
powerin 1979. 

President Febres Cordero 
has emerged strengthened 
front foe mutiny, Western 
diplomats said yesterday. 

The state of emergency was 
expected to be fitted ra dm 
next few days. 

A government announce- 
ment said tire ban on radio 
stations which broadcast 
sta temen ts by General Vargas 
d u ring his mutiny was lifted. 

Pautkal analysts said a 
traditional fend between the 
Ecuadorean Army and Air 
Fferoe had been exacerbatedby 
Friday’s battle. 

- The military hospital h ere 
said the fear dead were two 
rivflians and two commandos. 

Who built 
a brand new 


Lancashire town? 

Tasmania faces battle 
at Farmhonse Creek 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 
A violent confrontation in- The gloves came off wifo a 

vohrmg conservationists is 
cnceagain disrarinng foe plac- 
id tempo of fife m Tas m ani a , 
the island south of the Austra- 
lian mainland voted! for its 
apples and exquiate wilder- 
ness. ■ 

Shots have been fired, enyi- 
ronmenlalisis have been in- 
volved in ugly an d bru tal 
dashes wifo forestry wonors, 
and dozens of people have 
been arrested in foe battle of 
Fannhonse: Creek. The scene 
appears set for a protracted 
and bitter war over foettiturc 
of Tasmania's magnificent, 
and valuable, forests. 

On one sfcfe are foe so- 

vengeance a week ago when 
the Greenies, led by Dr Bob 
Brown, an independent state 
MP and . veteran, of- Tas- 
mania's hst great environ- 
mental war over the Franklin 
Dam issue, Attempted to stop 
construction of a logging road 
by lying down in the path of 

Is foe subsequent dashes, 
forestry workers manhandled, 
the protesters while -police 
stood by without interfering. 

Two days later shots were 
fired at Dr Brown, apparently 
wifo the intention of frighten- 
ing rather than injuring him. 

On one side are foe. **■ - Last Thursday 30 Grcenies 

aBed ”Greenies” committed were arrested after refusing a 
to the preservation of foe police order to move on. 

rpnaining^andwoodlmdOT ^ ago foe newly- 

foe ground elected Government of Mr 

meplkeaMenanHalrcsom^ Rob Hawke forced foe state 

Uivp mwww — ■ 1 ' Y n 

They are not opposedto ail 
logging bm maintain -fost foe 
destruction is being harmed 
by bad aod reckless forest 
management . • 

Bob Hawke forced the state 
administration to abandon 
building a hydnxfectricity 
scheme on the. FrankHn river. 

Whether or not, as some 

maD^gemesn Tama- commentators contend, Mr 

.One uise vCBJi^^^ . Onp ^ nurtures * bitter 

wasrefaicrito^iy-Md ^ Qtmnl towards the 

H^ at Q^ v ^^J^ C aWy Greenies because of-thathu- 
Gteenfes’ milfetion. Farmhouse Creek 
and foe fiwests ofTasmama 
}ook 10 become 

ly.25BQ0 wrteff ^ of foe next .great envi- 

agtlgS ! 11 ^’ ronmaiial battle in Australia. 

tof & : - to . . 


tAhi-. .v •• • . .. , ■ ■ kwb« . - w. . 


Polish leaders answer 
protests over price 
rises in TV phone-in 

The Polish authorities have 
pushed up the price or many 
basic foodstuffs and alcohol 
from today in a move that has 
caused much bewilderment 
and irritation. 

The announcement of a 10 
per cent rise in vodka and 
other alcoholic beverages and 
8 per cent in staple foods such 
as bread, milk, butter and 
sugar came on the Saturday- 
night television news before a 
science fiction film with Kirk 
Douglas and Farah Fawceu. 

Poles were invited to phone 
in their protests to a panel of 
ministers after the film was 
over and. speaking live, each 
of the officials tried to explain 
the economic rationale and 
calm down the callers. 

Whether the Western 
phone-in device will defuse 
the anger can be judged only 
in the factories this week, as 
workers have a chance to 
discuss the price rises among 

The increases on individual 
food products do not amount 
to much - a loaf of bread will 
go up by two zlotys, a litre of 
milk by one zloty — though the 
overall impact on the food 
basket of those on fixed 
incomes, such as students and 

From Roger Boyes. Warsaw 
pensioners, will be significant. 

The average monthly salary 
is about 17,000 zlotys, or £S0, 
but there are many Poles, 
especially in the provinces, 
living on much less. 

Much of the anger over the 
weekend appeared to be di- 
rected at the way the price 
rises were announced, without 
the elaborate public discus- 
sion that has been practised 
over the pas: three years. 

Arbitrary price rises sparked 
off discontent several times in 
Polish postwar hisrorv. caus- 
ing street protests, helping to 
topple Communist Party lead- 
ers. and playing a pan in the 
birth of Solidarity, the 
nowbanned trade union. 

Rumours of impending 
rises were spread by shopkeep- 
ers over the past week urging 
their customers to buy extra 
bags of sugar, but the an- 
nouncement still came as a 

Solidarity advisers were in 
contact over the weekend and 
the union is expected to 
criticize sharply the manner in 
which the prices were in- 
creased and the inadequate 
compensation for the poor. 

At the turn of the year petrol 
prices were pushed up. as were 

rents and television licences. 
Last year baric foods were also 
made more expensive and the 
meat price, the most sensitive 
of all was increased in July. 
This year, said the authorities, 
meat will go up in August. 

It seems unlikely that Soli- 
darity will call for strikes: last 
year a strike call failed and 
discontent was expressed 
more through workers asking 
their managers for higher pay. 

The increase that hurts the 
worker most this time is the 1 0 
per cent increase on vodka. 
This will contribute signifi- 
cantly to the state budget but 
will probably also be a boon to 
the black market 

The vodka move is justified 
as part of an anti-alcoholism 
campaign that has gathered 
force throughout the Soviet 
bloc since Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov became Kremlin 

• Congress praise: General 
Jaruzelski. the Polish leader, 
in a speech to be published 
this week, praised the Soviet 
Communist Party congress for 
acknowledging that each East 
European ally must exist in its 
own “historically shaped, na- 
tional conditions’'. 

‘Ivan the 

Ramleta. Israel (Reuter) — 
Alleged Nazi war criminal 
John Derajanjuk, yesterday 
detained for a farther 13 days' 
1 questioning, hit back at his 
Israeli jailers saying he felt he 
was being held prisoner in the 
Soviet Union. 

Mr Demjanjuk, aged 65. 
accused of being the Treblinka 
\ guard known as "Ivan the 
Terrible" who operated the 
gas chambers in which thou- 
sands of Jews were kilted in 
Poland in the Second World 
War. was extradited from the 
United States two weeks ago. 

During his second remand 
hearing at Ramleh prison near 
Tel Aviv, the Ukrainian- bom 
retired car worker from Geve- 
land. Ohio, asked the court 
through his interpreter if he 
could "call home because he 
feels like he’s in the Soviet 

Vital bridge across tbe 
Nile falls to Museveni 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

President Museveni’s Na- 
tional Resistance Army has 
taken the nonhem Ugandan 
town of Pakwach. capturing 
the only bridge linking the 
west Nile district with the rest 
of the country. 

The road and rail bridge 
across the Nile, north of Lake 
Albert, was taken undamaged 
and the NRA faced no signifi- 
cant opposition from fleeing 
troops of the former regime, 
driven from the capital of 
Kampala at the end of Janu- 

Mr Museveni's force is now 
advancing into the west Nile 
district towards the Zaire and 
Sudan borders. Large num- 
bers of fleeing troops of the 
former Military Council re- 
gime come from this area, but 
have already fled to 
neighbouring countries or 
have abandoned their arms 

and gone to ground in their 
home villages. 

Most of northern Uganda is 
now controlled by Mr 
Museveni's Government, but 
the administrative machinery 
has yet to be restored. 

Mr Museveni has said his 
Government will seek the 
return of former Presidents Idi 
.Amin and Milton Obote, now 
in exile in Saudi Arabia and 
Zambia respectively, to an- 
swer for crimes committed 
while they were in power. 

• Police visit: A British police 
official has visited Uganda to 
identify new areas in which 
Britain can help the country's 
police force, officials said 
yesterday (Reuter reports). 

Mr John Reiland, overseas 
police adviser for the British 
Government, spent three days 
in Uganda meeting govern- 
ment ministers, judges and 
police chiefs. 

Mario tbe 


From Christopher Thomas 
Albany, New York 

The excessive praise heaped 
upon every deed and utterance 
of Mr Mario Cuomo, the ill- 
tempered Democratic Gover- 
nor of New York, has brought 
despair to the state Republi- 
can Party. Even toe mistakes 
of this Italian immigrants* sou 
are looking good. 

He will walk his re-election 
this year, with 3 little help 
from a SlO million (£6J> 
million) campaign treasure 
chest that has filled with 
effortless esse. The Republi- 
cans, to tfeeir immense embar- 
rassment, are still _ casting 
around for a candidate of 
stature who can be pnrsuaded 
to submit to a mauling. 

Mr Croon's governorship 
is viewed in Albany as tidy, 
efficient and unspectacular. 
Mario the Moderate has given 
way to Mario the Progressive 
P ragmat i s t (his own words) 
who, in sharp contrast to his 
liberal reputation, has laid off 
thousands of state workers, 
cut taxes and spent more on 
anti-crime measures than any 
governor in history. The liber- 
al label no longer fits. 

He has thereby alienated 
many New Yorkers who con- 
sidered themselves ius natural 
constituents, but in the state as 
a whole his popularity is 
overwhelming. Some of tbe 
most gushing adulation today 
comes from conservative quar- 

He is on excellent terms 
with state Republicans, whose 
opposition is confounded by 
the lack of something to 
attack. The old Cuomo, the 
one who shook np the Demo- 
cratic national convention with 
his soaring liberalism, has 
vanished. Even budget battles 
are comparatively friendly af- 
fairs nowadays in Albany. 
Budgets are even produced on 
time. Left has moved right. 

immovably committed on some 
Issues. He flew in the face of 
State-wide public opinion and 
vetoed a Bill to introduce the 
death penalty. He also took on 
Cardinal John OCtmaor, the 
Archbishop of New York, who 
said he could not see tom a 
Catholic could in good con- 
science vote for a candidate 
who supported abortion. 

In a passionate lecture, 
which he regards as die most 
important contribution of his 
political life, delivered at No- 
tre Dame, the country’s fore- 
most Catholic university. 
Governor Cuomo argued that 
no public official had the right 
to impose his moral opposition 
to abortion on others. 

For afl his national expo- 

jhe — 

New York. Most days he is 
glued to has desk. His chief 
political adviser is his seat, 
Andrew, aged 28. 

Much of his phemmeaa! 
popularity in New Yoric stems 
from his prowess on teferiskm- 
He is Altai's great commu- 
nicator, an ethnic Ranald Sea- 

ls to influence the pobtic by 
nsing the post as a “bully 

From this formidable van- 
tage point he persuaded a 
grudging public that the state 
should raise more than Si 
biUmn to rebmld roads, rail 
and other facilities to boost 
trade. At the same time busi- 
ness, income and safes taxes 
have been held steady or 

Mir for 

Moscow (Reuter) — The 
Soviet - cosmonauts, com- 
mander Leonid Kizira ana Mr 
Vladimir Solovyov, spent 
their second day on the mw 
M ir space station yestwtey 
testing its equipment, Tass 

44, . 

docked their Soyuz 

with the station on Samnxay. 

They were now activating 
life-support and temperature 
control systems and checking 
the functioning ofequipmau 
to . prepare tie station fo r 
manned operation, Tass said. 

.Physical conditions msaae 
MIT’s living quarters were 
similar to those on Earth. 
Everything was going accord- 
ing to plan and the twp 
cosmonauts were feeling well, 
flic agency added. 

The station was Bnmcneo 
on February 20. Due to Be- 
come the first permanently- 
manned space station, Mir is 
The core of a laboratory com- 
plex with facilities for attach- 
ing six modules. 

When the two cosmonauts 
boarded the station they loW 
milfems of television views® 
they were delighted with it. 

"As we came close it looked 
like a wfcije-winged sea gu ll, 
soaring above the wend," 
Commander Kizhu said in a 
television broadcast to Earth. 

Mr Solovyov held tbe cam- 
era as Commander Kizim 
gave . viewers of the main 
television news a brief tour. 
He showed them one of the 
separate cabins, which are a 
feature of Mir. 

Then he floated over tatfce 
main controls, an array of 
instrument panels and 
telescreens. “All that our engi- 
neers and workers have done, 
k's a delight, a beauty,** he 
said. - "Everything that coa- 
' temporary technology can cre- 
ate is here.** 

Softly, softly plea to Britain on acid rain 

From Tony Samstag 

Norway has decided lo re- 
sume a “softly, softly" ap- 
proach to Britain in the long- 
standing dispute over the 
issue of scid rain. 

The spring thaw will be in 
evidence today as Mrs Rakel 
Suriien, the Norwegian Minis- 
ter of the Environment, begins 
a three-day visit to Britain, 

Ail the Nordic countries 
believe Britain is responsible 
for as much as a third of the 
acid deposit foiling in south- 
ern Scandinavia, lulling fish 
and most other aquatic life in 
thousands of lakes and rivers 
and possibly putting large 
areas of forest at risk. 

Emissions from coal and 
oil-burning power stations are 
blamed mostly, but Britain 
insists the case against acid 

rain in general, and its contri- 
bution in particular, is for 
from proven. 

The issue has become al- 
most fashionable since the 
Swedes first raised it in 197Z 
More than 20 nations have 
agreed to join the so-called 
“30 percent club", committed 
to reducing sulphur dioxide 
emissions by a thud, and 
Britain is increasingly isolated 
in Western Europe -by its 

refusal, to do so. 

Mbs Suriien says there has 
been no change in the Norwe- 
gian position in spite, of the 
cordial approach. “Tire, view 
of the Norwegian Govern- 
ment is quite, dear — that 
Great Britain should sign this 
protocol”, and she also scents 
vfotmy: “TdooT see bow long 
you dm remain isolated in this 
way. It most be very difficult 

Korea film 
couple in 
Vienna bid 
for refuge 


actress wife, wto wcnI !o 
North eign ynj ago 

amid ab* Jfti tod 

been abducted, have sought 
^ at tbe VS Embassy in 

V M?Sthi Sang Ot *adto 
wife, Chat Un Hm- entered 
the embassy Iasi 
They kn Seoul in 1978, 
appeared in Yugps fav* i» 
j984to say they tad defected 

to Pyongyang. roov«i 

Budapest, where Mr Hun 
n— films fig North Korea. 

Delhi escape 

Delhi (Reuter) -Charts 
Sobhraj, aged 42. who 
dragged, robbed Md nur- 
Sf wn«ifkts in the 1970s, 
strolled out of DetoTs top- 
security Tihar jail when his 
guards passed out from eating, 
dragastf sweets brought m by 
accomplices as a “ birthday 

Lorry peace 

Athens (Reuter) - Gvccjt 
tony owners, threatened with 
iail terms for disobeying gov- 
ernment mobilization orders, 
ended their strike after 27 days 
when Cabinet ministers prom- 
ised to amend tax laws. 

Sellers on bail 

Newark, New Jersey (Reu- 
ter) - Peter Selim's daug hter. 
Victoria, aged 20, has been 
freed on a 5100,000 (£67,000) 
toad after giving herself up to 
face charge* of involvement in 
aa international cocaine ring. 

Writer dies 

Athens (AF) — Pantelis 
Prevdaltis, the Greek novelist 
and author of Tale of a Town 
and Sun of Death, both of 
which were published in En- 
glish, has died. He was 77. 

Three lulled 

Delhi (Reuter) — Three 
people were beaten to death 
and six seriously injured when 
a crowd attacked a group who 
crossed into Italia from Ban- 
gladesh, toe Press Trust of 
India reported. . 

Death stings 

Nairobi ( AFP)— A boy aged 
six was riling to death by bees 
when be and two friends threw 
stones ax beehives in tbe 
Machakos district, the Kenya 
news agency reported. 

■ . *-) 
. t 

* * . » > 
4p .*,• ** i . * » 

. . One day it rnay be you whos chosen 
: toower^am^rdesignajidconstruction 
project on yourcomparvy sbehalf. 

AraJthe strOng likelihood will be that 
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: ^Reaction? Ifenie stations. How on 
;eto^do you go about it all? Who do you 
talk co? With so much at stake (not to 
mention ypurforure) how can you ensure 
nothing will go wrong? 

The short answer is avoid any company 
who will form out aspects of the design and 
planning process. 

Lack of tight control in this area results 
znalackofcohesion. And that’s where plans 
generally come unstuck. 

From every angle the most constructive 
way to go about it all is to talk to IDC. 

Over 25 years experience in doing 
what you may only undertake once in your 
lifetime is reassuring, to say the least. 

And in all that rime we ve known the 
only way to be accountable for project 
design, engineering and construction is 
to handle it all, by ourselves, fiom under 
one roof 

Odier companies claim to work in this 
wsy. But a visit co our offices shows whc£ 
telling the truth. 

Working with IDC means that you 
join forces with a team of professionals 
who ascertain wharis feasible against your 

And, asan essential member oft he 
project team,you’ll know whatshappen ing 
each and every critical step of the way. 
when, where, why and how much. 

With IDC youVe always in control, 
because we are. 

^ For a brochure explaining the foil 
^ of ourdiffer^ce, write toClive Hicks, 
IDC Group Limited, Stratford-upon-Avon, 

31120L tefc * W0789 204288. Or telex 


Tfcridotft heedanjone else. 


^ 'U-^ j jShO J 



The Gulf War 






UN experts brand Iraq 
as users of chemical 
weapons against Iran 

c ^ 

4 . .. 

a United Nations ^ N « Y «* 

firming to^‘Se“?^ c C l n : Jff “ >««■ % topped short 
— ««oi toxic aas then of putting . the: blame 

* wi wah gag 

r., — tranian targets in the 

uif wqt, marks the fint timp 
a country has been named for 
violating , the 1925 GenevI 
pratocof banning itaS^S 

chemical weapons. 

The report, issued 
weekend." was 

at the 

breakthrough in effomShoM 

countries violating tho.proto- 
j^accouniable for ihdr a£ 

. I* is. expected to have an 
immediate effect on W* 
relations with the West, par- 

Slates and France, which in 
vatying degrees support Bagh- 
dad in the conflict.. . 

Iran welcomed the report as 
an absolute vindication of its 
stand, but the Arab world 
chose tp ignore the findings. 

_ Britain, whose troops suf- 
fered the effects of mustard 
gas in the First World War 
was expected to lead the way 
m securing the Security 
Council s strongest censure 
after it has considered the 
report this week. 

directly on. Iraq. 

.In the latest report the team 
“d. so after hearing crucial 
testimony from an Iraqi pilot 
whose : aircraft had been 
brought down by an I ranian 
air-tonair missile. The pilot 
stated that, he had flown -on 
two -missions against I ranian 
forces using chemical weap- 
ons. . . 

In addition, the inter- 
viewed captured Iraqi soldiers 
who had witnessed and had 
suffered injuries from chemi- 
cal bombs dropped by Iraqi 
aircraft during attacks on Ira- 
nian positions. 

The team concluded that 
Iraq had used chemical weap- 
ons on many occasions and 
that their use appeared to be 
more extensive than in 1984. 

Iraq has consistently denied 
engaging in chemical warfare 
in the Gulf conflict and has 
even accused Iran of using it 
against its own soldiers in 
order to score propaganda 
points with international pub- 

Although the same team of Sc opinion. - 

to shield it from censure. 

' Diplomats said that the 
report was likely to havethe 
immediate effect of deterring 
Iraq from making of 
chemical weapons, at least for 
the time being. They noted 
that the only promising gleam 
of hope in efforts to stem the 
conflict was that neither side 
wanted to appear wholly bar- 
baric and this gave die UN a 
modicum of leverage. 

The report also gives great 
encouragement to Iran, which 
is more traumatized by chemi- 
cal attack than any other type 
of fighting in the war. Diplo- 
mats said that Iran's moral 
victory meant that it was less 
likely to resort to chemical 
weapons in retaliation as it 
had threatened. 

The report is the result of a 
tour of hospitals and on-site 
inspection of the I ranian side 
of the war zone between 
February 26 and March 3. The 
experts saw 700 casualties. 

The four specialists who 
conducted the inquiry in Iran 
are Dr Gustav Andersson of 
Sweden, Dr Manuel Dom- 
inguez of Spain, Dr Peter 
Dunn of Australia, and Dr 
Ulrich Imobersleg of Switzer- 


bels returning to camp on the sontbem Philippines island of Mindanao. They are observing an nnofffrfr l trace. 

Prospects brighten for better Sino-Soviet ties 

PpUlTtn /VL* - _ - _ 

Peking (Reuter) - China 
says prospects are bright for 
Sino-Soviet co-operation, but 
concrete steps are needed to 
improve relations. 

The Deputy Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Li Peng, said at a 
banquet last night in honour 
of the Soviet First Deputy 
Prime Minister, Mr Ivan 
Arkhipov, that co-operation 
between their countries had 
great potential and bright 
prospects, the New China 
news agency reported. 

Mr Arkhipov, the most 

high-ranking Soviet politician 
to visit Peking since 1969, 
hailed the first meeting of the 
Sino-Soviet economic and 
trade commission he is at- 
tending as an important event 

Despite the warm tone of 
published excerpts from their 
speeches, both Mr Li and Mr 
Arkhipov referred to elements 
of defence and foreign policies 
that have strained relations. 

Mr Li praised the recent 
increase in trade — up 60 per 
cent last year, according to Mr 
Arkhipov — and other con- 

tacts, but said China hoped 
that obstacles to better rela- 
tions would be eliminated. 
China regularly lists three 
obstacles: Moscow's troops 
along the Sino-Soviet border, 
its forces in Afghanistan, and 
its backing for Vietnam in 

Mr Arkhipov indirectly re- 
plied to these concerns by 
quoting Mr Mikhail Gorba- 
chov, the Soviet leader, as 
saying better relations must 
not be at the expense of any 
third country. 

When Mr Gorbachov made 
this comment at the recent 
Communist Party congress, 
diplomats saw it as a clear 
indication that Moscow would 
not allow Peking to dictate 
Soviet policy in Afghanistan 
or Cambodia. 

Mr Arkhipov predicted 
smooth and fruitful negotia- 
tions at yesterday’s meeting of 
the new commission, which 
was set up under a long-term 
agreement comprising eco- 
nomic, trade, scientific and 
technological co-operation. 

back after 
58 hours 

From Olli Kivinen 

Finland's leading blue-col- 
lar trade union federation 
SAK ended its first major 
strike in 30 years after being 
out 58 hours. 

The strike ended late on 
Saturday with the acceptance 
of a two-year agreement giving 
a 2.4 per cent wage rise this 
year and another 2.6 per cent 
next year. It also included a 
promise to cut the working 
year by 8.5 days by 1990, 
bringing the average working 
week to 37.5 hours. 

The result was an important 
victory for SAK, enabling it to 
regain its position as the 
leading trade union, which 
had been threatened by the 
growth of while-collar unions 
as work moved from the 
traditional factory towards 
high-technology enterprise. 

It was generally agreed the' 
strike actually strengthened 
Finland's economic policies 
based on a broad consensus 
between the trade unions, the 
employers and the Govern- 

it began on Thursday al- 
most by accident as an agree- 
ment was very’ near, but the 
government and municipal- 
ities did not have time to 
accept it This gave the whole 
conflict an unreal atmosphere. 

The stoppage affected ev- 
eryday life very little. 

assistance to Kuwait 

Doha, Qatar (Reuter) - Mr 
Timothy Renton, Minister of 
State at the Foreign Office, 
said here yesterday that Brit- 
ain would extend military- 
help to Kuwait, if asked, 
should the Gulf war spill over 
into Kuwaiti territory. ' 

“We would consider such a 
request quickly and sym- 
pathetically,*’ he said. 

He flew bn last night from 
Qatar to the United Arab 
Emirates on the third and final 
leg of his Gulf tour. 

He said he believed Kuwait 
was acting with great restraint 
and circumspection. - 
Mr Renton, who arrived in 
Qatar from Bahrain on Thurs- 
day, said, without mentioning 
Iran,, that Britain deplored the 
latest offensive in' the Sfe-year-. 
old Gulf war. which brought 
Iranian troops within sight of 
the Kuwaiti border. 

“We consider any extension 
of the war into neighbouring 
countries with very, very great 
concern indeed,” he said. 

In_ Qatar, he chaired a 
meeting of British diplomats 
in the Gulf and Arabian 

After talks with government 
leaders in Bahra in and Qatar, 
Mr Renton raid that the six- 
nation Gulf Co-operation 
'Council (GCC) was consider- 
ing very carefully under what 
circumstances it would deploy 
its Peninsular Shield rapid 
deployment force, if asked to 
do so by Kuwait 

He said it was sad to see the 
peace process launched a year 
ago by King Husain of Jordan 
and the Palestine Liberation 
Organization's leader, Mr 
Yassir Arafat come to a 
.standstill for the time being: 

Law Report March 17 1986 

Directions on 
summing up 
in manslaughter 

pna v GopdfeDpir jury might -well have been 

ore Lord Lane, Lord Chief -satisfied that the appellant was 
. »*_- » . " 1 ' acting in such a manner as to 

create an obvious and serious 
risk of causing physical injury to 
some person and second, that 
be, having recognized thar some 
nsk was involved, nevertheless 
had gone on to take ft. 

Which company 
has launched 
new trucks in the 
last 6 years? 

Justice. Mr' Justice Borefaam 
and Mr Justice Taylor 
[Judgment given March 14] 

iter in 

A passage on 

Archbold \ Criminal /'leaning 
Evidence and Practice repeated 
in the 42nd edition, pi 632 
paragraph 20- 49 (7), which was 
criticized by the Privy Council 
in Kong Cheuk Kwan v R, 
reported in The Times on July 
12. 1985 - on the morning when 
a judge summed up in a trial 
involving manslaughter - was 
very p ro pe rl y drawn to his 
attention by counsel and the 
summing up, although based 
partly on the offending passage, 
omitted pans of it. 

The Lord Chief Justice so 
stated when giving reserved 
judgment dismissing an appeal 
by Kevin Good&llow. aged 24. 
from, conviction at Newcastle 
upon Tyne Crown Court (Judge. 
Beaumont QC and a jury) on 
three counts ot manslaughter 
and two arson counts. He was 
sentenced to six 

years 'imprisonment. 

Mr G. B. Stewart assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. for the appellant: . Mr 
Manin Bethel. QC and Mr M. 
C Carr for the Crown. 

said that the appellant set tight 
to the council bouse be occupied 
at 24 Cossack Terrace. Pallion, 
Sunderland, pouring petrol Over 
furniture and setting fire K> ft. 

His wife, aged 22. another young 
woman and bis son aged two 

The appellant, who wanted to 
'move, was having difficulties 
with wo local men, one of 
whom had been fined for 
damaging the front door of No 

The appeflanL who was in 
arrears in his rent, had no 
chance of exchanging hts coun- 
cil bouse for another and con- 
ceived the idea of setting it on 
fire as if it had been caused by a 
petrol bomb. 

The grounds of appeal were 
that the judge failed adequately 
to direct the jury on the bw of 
man slaugh t e r and in particufar 
had directed them on the basts 
of the criticized passage in 

That p*«g*g* was criticized in 
Knang as confusing causing 
death by an .illegal act of : 
Mokncc. what had been said in . 
R t C3td*ti!i\ 1982] AC 34 1 K in 
R i Laurence (Stephen/ < 11982 ] 

A r 50191 and in R »• Bateman 
((1925) J9 Cr App R 8). 

The insure! case was capable 
of falling within eftber or both 
types of manslaughter th e Lem- 
rrnee aspect or on the •unlawful 

As to a direction on an 
unlawful and dangerous act a 
defendant was guilty -of man- 
slaughter where he did an 
unlawful an soch that aD sober 
and reasonable people -would 
inevitably recognize bid to sub- 
ject another person to, at least, 
the ride of some resulting harm, 
albeit not serious harm and 
caused death - R v Church 
<11966] 1 QB 59). 

Mr Stewart, in submitting 
that the present case was not one 
of “unlawful act" manslaughter, 
relied on R v Dolby ([19821 l 
WLR 425) m which Lord Justice 
Waller said that, where a charge 
of manslaughter was based on 
an unlawful and dangerous act, 

it had to be an act directed at the 
victim and likely to cause 
immediate injury however 

What Lord Justice Waller was 
intending to say was that there 
must be -no fresh intervening 
cause between the act and the 

Their Lordships doubted the 
assertion in Smith and Hogan 
Criminal Law 5th edition 
<1983) p315 that, because the 
Appellate Committee of the 
House of. Lords refused the 
prosecutor leave to appeal 
Dolby must be taken to repre- 
sent the bw. 

The questions which the jury 
had to decide on the charge of| 
such manslaughter were: (1) 
Was the act intentional? (2) Was 
it unlawful? (3) Was it an act 
which any reasonable person 
would realise was bound to] 
subject some other human being 
to the nsk of physical harm, 
albeit not necessarily serious 
harm? (4) Was that act the cause 
of death? . 

The judge in feet directed the 
jury on that type of. man- 
slaughter. He went further and 
added observations which were 
more appropriate to the Law- 
rence type of manslaughter. If J 
anything, those passages re- 
adied in a direction which was 
more favourable to the appel- 
lant than if they- bad been 

Their Lordships did not con- [ 
SKlcr thai dw jury might have 
been confused as Mr Stewart] 

Even if another point had 
been decided , in favour of the 
appellant their Lordships would 
have applied the proviso to 
section 2(1) of the Criminal 
Appeal Act 1968.10 discuss the 

•'stiwi*’.?*? vs-.v. C-'-'V-- "J- '■■■ •' 

On the Ltnerence aspect the Solicitor: DPP 

■ '"VV- iw-'-v • - • ...... . v .. . . ... 



Tomorrow’ s Budget will be accompanied by proposals to reform Britain’s complex and unpopular family taxation system 

Lawson enters the lionesses’ den 

Family tax, it has long been 
agreed, is a muddle. Nigd 
Lawson's predecessor as Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer produced an 
Green Paper on its defects in 1980. 
The Government hastily forgot 
about so contentious an issue. But 
Lawson’s Green Paper will be 
different: he knows what be would 
like to do and forewarned us in his 
last Budget; tomorrow he will 
provide the foil details. Already, 
however, his ideas are under 

Ever since tax allowances for 
children were replaced by child 
benefit in 1 979, a married couple's 
tax position has depended simply 
on whether one or both go out to 
work. Husband and wife may 
choose to be taxed separately on 
their earnings — as if they were just 
a pair of single people who 
hapijened to live together — but 
this is an option that is worthwhile 
only for couples well into the 
higher-rate tax brackets. For most, 
tax bills will be lower if the wife al- 
lows her income to be treated as 
part of her husband's, because he 
then receives a larger allowance 
than a single man. 

Until Lawson tops up allow- 
ances in tomorrow’s Budget, the 
single person's allowance of tax- 
free income is £2,205 a year; the 
married man's is £3,455. So 
couples need to be earning a lot — 
at least £25,360 during 1985-86 — 
to find it worth forgoing the 
married man's allowance for the 
advantage of an independent 
climb up the tax scales. Only 
about 170,000 couples are in this 
category. Even these couples may 
not achieve complete separation. 
All investment receipts, however 
small are jointly taxed as part of 
the husband's income. And mar- 
ried couples, whether separately 
taxed or not, free the same 
£30,000 joint limit on mortgage 
relief as a single person. 

The tax system reflects the old. 

Planned tax reforms 
for couples will be 
published tomorrow 
in a Green Paper. 
Sarah Hogg looks 
at the politics 
and Sally Brompton 
talks to the payers 

traditional pattern of male bread- 
winner supporting housewife. But 
today about 60 per cent of married 
women go out to work, at least 
pan-time. Their husbands then 
also receive the wife's earned 
income allowance, which is at 
present exactly the same as the 
single allowance. 

It also means that a working 
couple receive between them two- 
and-a-half times the basic single 
allowance, making them rather 
better off than a pair of single 
people. If there is only one income 
coming into the family, however, 
their allowances amount only to 
one-and-a-half times the single 
allowance. The final bizarre fea- 
ture of the present system is the 
exception to that rule: if it is the 
wife rather than Lhe husband who 
is the sole breadwinner, her in- 
come still counts as his, and he 
may claim both the married man's 
and the wife's earned income 

Treating the income of married 
women as belonging to their 
husbands has been condemned as 
illegal sex discrimination by the 
courts in other European coun- 
tries. An end to discrimination, 
however, is not an end to- -the 
problem of how families should be 


Nowhere in the European 
Economic Community is a married 
couple taxed exactly the same 
as two single people. In all 
countries, they are taxed jointly 
on their investment income. In 
many, however, they are 
allowed some separation of their 
tax affairs. 

• FRANCE is the most famity- 
minded and a husband, wife and 
chfctren living together, are 
taxed together. Tax bins are then 
reduced acoordtng to the size of 
the family, in a way particularly 
generous to those with lots of 
children. Child care expenses for 
children under the age of three, 
are allowed against tax. 

• GERMANY allows couples to 

opt for separata taxation. In 

.... •' 
r.' •'* 

practice, however, most opt tor 
joint taxation because their 
combined Income is taxed as if 
they were two single people each 
earning exactly half the total. 

This system of “equal splitting 1 ' 
fends to reduce the tax on the 
higher of the two family incomes. 
Tax deductions are also 
allowed for dependent children. 

• ITALY moved towards 
independent taxa tion of husband 
and wife in 1977. All earned : " 
income is treated individually. The 
couple's investment income is 
normally totted up and then taxed 
as if each received half. But 
Italy stilt retains some dements of 

S ' tint taxation because 
usbands (or wives) receive family 
tax-credits which depend on the 
incomes of their partners. 

taxed. Governments free a funda- 
mental choice. Either the taxman 
should simply ignore marriage: or 
the system should treat the couple 
as the basic tax unit, while taking 
no notice of whether husband, 
wife or both bring home the family 

Independence in tax — the first 
option — is favoured by many 
women's groups. The objection is 
that it would cut the family 
income of couples of whom only 
one went out to work. Many of 
these are not weD off and are 
caring for young children. Joint 
taxation, which takes no notice of 
who earns what, is the preferred 
tax option in West Germany and 
the basis of the system in France. 
The objection is that this discrimi- 
nates between single people and 
married couples. 

Tomorrow the Chancellor will 
give details of his attempt to get 
round both these difficulties. Un- 
der his scheme for “transferable 
allowances", husband and wife 
would each have exactly the same 
allowance as a single person. But 
to help the couple with only one 
earner, the other would be allowed 
to transfer her (or his) allowance 
to set it against the sole family 
income. Whether husband, wife or 
both do the earning, the couple 
receives two single allowances. 

This compromise has already 
attracted criticism. It has been 
rejected in advance by a commit- 
tee of the House of Lords, chaired 
by Baroness Serota. This commit- 
tee. however, collected a wealth of 
evidence, much of which showed 
some support for the idea of 
transferable allowances. But the 
Institute of Fiscal Studies objects 
that transferable allowances 
would discourage married women 
from working, because their 
husbands' lake-home pay would 
fall as the transferred allowance 
was switched back to the wife. The 
Child Poverty Action Group ar- 
gues that mothers kept at home by 
child-care responsibilities should 
be helped by child benefits, not tax 
allowances. The Fawcett Society 
has argued that transferable allow- 
ances would interfere with* 
women's privacy. 

The first objection points up the 
fret that “transferable allowances’* 
are something of an optical illu- 
sion. They look like a move 
towards independent taxation; in 
fact, they move the system further 
towards joint taxation. Under the 
present system, couples will be 
taxed less if the wife goes out to 
work for part of the family 
income; under “transferable 
allowances" they will not Some 
groups have complained that the 
Chancellor is trying to drive 
women back to the kitchen sink. 
Others, like the Institute of Tax- 
ation, believe the change would 

••v K* ^ 



' 'ud&r. COMMISSION 

dB/F: ' FOR THE 



■v; » 4*1 "*•’ 

W hen Caroline 
Brittain, aged 34, 
gave up a secretarial 
job six-and-a-half 
years ago to start a family die said 
goodbye to financial independence 
and the family lost the. benefit of 

her £2.205 tax allowance. Today, 
with two sons aged six and fair 
and another child on the way, she 
receives just £14 in child benefits. 

“I do feel that the system as it 
stands is unfair”, she says. “It 
does not seem right that I should 
lose my allowance, whereas if it 
was me who was working instead 
of my husband we would be 
entitled to both allowances. 

“On the other hand, if they were 
to add my allowance on to my 
husband's I wouldn't actually get 
anything in' my hot little hand, as it 

^ * , 

Unfair system? The Brittain family 

L indsay Swan was deter- 
mined to retain her inde- 
pendence, to the extent of 
keeping her maiden name, 
when she married Richard Dmm 
nine yean ago. “Richard and 1 are 
taxed separately, we have separate 
earn mgs, and we don't hare a joint 
bank account", she says. “I 
couldn't believe it when 1 discov- 
ered that the interest on my British 
Telecom shares would be added on 
to his tax.” 

A partner in her own public 
relations consultancy, Lindsay, 
aged 34, has firm ideas on 
equality. “1 am a busi- 
ness woman who nuts her own 
empire and. sandy I can take care 
of all my tax, indudiug any 
Investments 1 may have. Itb my 
money that bays the shares and I 
receive the interest, so why can't I 
pay die income tax? Richard and I 
have no secrets as fur as oar 
finances are concerned, bnt I just 

under retirement age who are not 
at work. Of these, only about 1 3 
million have no dependent chil- 
dren; and of that number, some 
300,000 are looking after the sick' 
or elderly -a figure that is likely to 

On the other hand, it is true that 
transferable allowances would 
give most to those families headed 
by very high earners. This effect is 
common to aO increases in tax 
allowances, which give most in 
cash terms to those on the highest 
marginal tax rates. . 

Lawson's real problem, howev- 
er, is that the number of wives 
who do not work is now outnum- 
bered by the 5.4 million who do - 
and who form part of couples who 
stand to lose part of their allow- 
ances from ‘ the Chancellor's 
scheme. He needs to spend money 
to sweeten the change. If for 
example, he could raise the single 

Unequal does? The Swann family 

remove the bias in the present 

Most women’s groups prefer in 
principle the alternative of inde- 
pendent taxation. But few argue 
this should apply to investment 
income; and as the number of 
women with modest savings rises, 
so this exception will increasingly 
inhibit lhe development of the tax 
system in that direction. At the 
other end of the income scale, the 
social security system continues to 
treat married couples jointly. 

The CPAG’s objections rein- 
force its campaign for bigger child 
benefits. Surveys show that most 
women prefer cash hdp in hand to 
cash in their husband's pay packet 
Child benefits, however, are ex- 
pensive because they go to all 
families. Norman Fowler, the 
Social Services Secretary, pro- 
poses to cut the cost by means- 

tested part of child support But 
this introduces exactly the same 
disincentive to earning extra fam- 
ily income as in “transferable 

• The CPAG and others, howev- 
er, rightly point out that the 
Government has gone about 
things in a topsy-turvy way. 
Fowler's social security plans were 
launched well before Lawson 
firmed up his tax ideas for 
families, yet the changes proposed 
for social security substantially 
blunt the impact of transferable 

The poverty group also objects 
that transferable allowances 
would hdp the idle rich as wdl as 
poor mothers at home. The Chan- 
cellor can reply that child benefits 
would not help those at home 
because they are caring for the 
elderly and disabled. There are 
about 4.4 million married women 

w we. He certainly wouldn't be • 
obliged to hand over anything to > 
me. At least with child benefit yon 
do have a little bit of moorne which 
yon can put in your parse and gp 
and use as yon like. 

“So I rtiiafc that as Ear as I'm 

concerned I would prefer my chfld_ 
benefits to be increased — just so 
that I had that extra bit of cash irf 
my own." 

For die first four years of their 
marriage both Caroline and bar 
husband, Nicholas, a 42-year -old 
chartered surveyor, were working 
but even then Caroline felt that 
they should be receiving equal 
allowances. “I was running onr 
home and paying off debts, so. 
there was no logical reason why we 
should not have been receiving the . 
same tax incentives." 

feel rtwt it's som et hi n g I should be 
able to look after myself.” 

Richard, aged 34, a consultant 
chartered engineer, was also 
amazed when he first learned that 
Lindsay's investment income 
wonld .be added to his income for 
taxation purposes. “It's not the 
actual money that we're concerned 
about - it's not very ranch anyway 

— and we don't have that competi- 
tive thing about money", says , 
Lindsay. “It really is a matter of . 
principle. It seems ridfenkms that . 
someone in my position is not able 
to lake care of her own financial 
affairs as she chooses." 

She also feds that separate 
taxation is a most for someone in a 
business partnership like herself 

- despite the fact that it is not 
& socially viable for a married 
couple jointly earning less than 
£25361 after all deductions apart 
from personal allowances. 

allowance to £2,830, working cou- 
ples would be as well off as they 
are today. 

But Lawson does not have the 
money to make the change today. 
Nor does he have the computers;* 
Transferable allowances are a lot 
more complicated than the, 
present system, which allows the 
taxman to ignore large numbers of 
married women; so they could 
only be introduced at the end of 
the 1980s at the earliest. By then,' 
of course, they may have been, 
overtaken by the general election; 
but a crucial test of tomorrow’s 
Green Paper will be whether it 
explains how be intends to get 
from here to there. 


How to follow the 
Budget speech 

Massacre in the Andes * 


01-935 6101 

Visit property in 12 towns 
across the country from the comfort 

of your ’phone. 

He has been dubbed the 
“Creole Pol Pot" and “the 
monster of the Andes", and 
even he admits in his profane, 
guttural, ungrammatical 
Spanish that be has grown 
“weary of killing so many 
hijuepula (sonofebitch)". 

With reason: for in recent 
weeks Javier Delgado and his 
henchmen have slaughtered 
164 people in south-western 
Colombia. Men, women and 
children had been charged, 
tried and condemned under 
“revolutionary justice" and 
then garrotted, a rope strung 
round their necks and sudden- 
ly pulled as taut as a guitar 
string, so light that Delgado's 
men joked you could strum a 
tune on it. Finally came the 
butchery of the cone de 
chalcco ^waistcoat slash), a 
knife ripping open lhe bellies 
to prevent the corpses inflat- 
ing and resurfacing after buri- 
al. Not even the bodies of 
pregnant women were respect- 

But the dead did not stay in 
their graves. The first were 
discovered by campesinos in 
the Tacueyo region of the 
Cauca department, protruding 
grotesquely out of the boggy 
ground, skeleton jaws still 
gripped in tenor. Police initi- 
ated a search and quickly 
found countless more scat- 
tered over the area. 

Today Tacueyo symbolizes 
the terrible madness that has 
swept through Colombia’s 
guerrilla movements, long the 
most active in South America. 
Most Colombians thought 
that mindlessness had reached 
its nadir in the bloody may- 

Recent atrocities by 
guerrilla leaders 
such as Javier 
Delgado (right) have 
aroused fears that 
bloody, all-out 
civil war is about to 
consume Colombia 

hem of the siege of the Palace 
of Justice in Bogota by- terror- 
ists of the April 19 movement 
(M-I9) last November. But 
what happened at Tacueyo 
suggests there is no limit to the 

Delgado is the fanatical and 
surely deranged leader of a 
small, obscure ultra-militant 
group called the Ricardo Fran- 
co Front. It is a measure of his 
paranoia that he claims pre- 
posterously that the 164 “little 
runts" executed were paid 
informers of the military who 
had infiltrated the ranks of the 
“Francos", a group whose 
numbers have never exceeded 
200 . 

Delgado, aged 34, a tall, 
beefy man with fish-like eyes, 
a Roman nose, the shadow of 
a Cite Guevara beard, an 
incomprehensible line in 
Marxist ideology, and a taste 
for contraband English gin, 
has also been tagged 
“Colombia's Abimael 
Guzman" most apt of all the 
comparisons drawn since his 
sudden rise to infamy. 
Guzman, a Peruvian, may 

' **w V* 

v* •* •.*» 

well be dead bnt the seeds of 
terror be planted in his coun- 
try in the late 1960s when he 
founded the sinister Sendero 
Luminoso (Shining Path) sub- 
versive movement still flour- 
ish. Taking China's Gang of 
Four, the Cambodian Khmer 
Rouge and Albania as models, 
Sendero Luminoso has gained 
a chilling reputation for atroc- 

The dead did not stay 
in their graves 

ities in its pursuit of a'Maoist 
peasant revolution and a re- 
turn to the glories of the Inca 

The problem about re-locating or expand- 
ing your business is having to sift through long 
lists of candidate sites and properties. 

ffis the same problem if you’re looking for 
investment or development opportunities. 

The new CNT Property Centre near 
London^ Piccadilly simplifies the whole process 
by offering information on twelve New Towns 
in one location. We match your needs to our 
resources, resulting in a short-list that meets 
your brief exactly. 

A single ’phone call is ail it takes to start the 
ball rolling. Our choice of industrial and com- 
mercial space and development land in prime 

positions is second to none. Much of the pro- 
perty we have on offer is located within inter- 
mediate and development areas or enterprise 
zones which open the door to a wide range of 
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Our advice is absolutely free So use the 
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Call James Graftonh office on 01-935 6100. 
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The Commission for the New Towns, 

58 St JamesS Street, London SW1A 1LD. 

Telex 262334. Facsimile: 01-491 0412. 


BradmeH-Cenual Iiancasbire-Coiby- Crawley -Harlow- Hatfield- Hemel Hempstead-Ncmhaitipton--Rfiddi!ch -SkdmewjUite- 

Sievenage - Welwyn Carden City. 


1 Rescues (5) 

4 Newness (7) 

8 Of birth <S) 

9 Ground t?) 

10 Religious offering (8) 

11 Small island (4) 

13 Widdy-influential 


17 Woodwind in- 
strument |4) 

18 Rich (8) 

21 Minuet-like move- 
ment (7) 

22 Tongue base-bone (5) 

23 Torture (7) 

24 Diving bird (5) 

! Older (6) 

2 Essential (51 

3 Lone (8) 

4 Right-wing group 

5 Green (4) 

£!■■■■■■■ MUM 

■ ■ ■ a ml 
a ■ ■ ■ ■ ail 


■ ■ a ■ ■ ■ ■ 

3IIIIII 31111 

6 Go-between (7) 

7 Over there (6) 

15 Pamper (6) 

16 Steamed pudding (6) 

12 Total extent (5 J) 19 Flee with lover (5) 

One more (7) 

20 At liberty (4) 

Previously Colombians had 
tended, to think of their own 
country's guerillas as rather 
more sophisticated. No more. 
Today it seems the Francos 
and M-19 are determined to 
challenge Sendero as the most 
barbaric insurgents of the 

Delgado and the current M- 
19 leaders are light years 
removed from a more respect- 
ed tradition of Colombian 
insurgency that once attracted 
some of the nation’s best and 
brightest idealistic intellectu- 
als as well as barely literate but 
strong-willed campesino lead- 

The country’s most cele- 
brated guerrilla was Father 
Camflo Torres, a figure as 
revered as Che by die Latin- 
American Left Torres, killed 
in action 20 years ago, is the 
inspiration of the Paraguayan 
priest-turned-subversive in 
Graham .Greene's The Honor- 
ary ConsuL 

A former colleague said that 
Delgado "bought' ’militancy” 
from ransom funds raised 
through kidnapping wealthy 
landowners. As a result, the 
Francos are the best paid 
guerrillas in Colombia, earn- 
ing 40,000 pesos (about £160) 
a month, double the mini- 
mum wage. 

Colombia remains a func- 
tioning if imperfect two-party 
democracy- Despite its con- 
tinuing failure to meet the 
ever-mounting needs of the 
urban and rural poor, the 
nation has become more open 
under President Belisario 
Betancur, who knew and ad- 
mixed Torres and who has, 
with mixed results, boldly 
sought to negotiate peace with 
the guerrillas. 

The Francos are a break- 
away dissident group of the 
biggest subversive movement, 
the Moscow-line revolution- 
ary armed forces of Colombia 
(FARC), often called the 
armed wing of the Colombian 
Communist Party. FARC has 
broadly honoured ceasefire 
pacts and is currently reorga- 
nizing as a mainstream politi- 
cal movement which will 
contest the presidential elec- 
tion in May. 

But there are real fears that 
men like Delgado could 
plunge the nation into a new 
era of violence to rival the 
sectarian civil war that raged 
between liberals and conser- 
vatives in the 1950s, in which tf 
an estimated 300,000 per- 

Delgado stands alone. He 
has declared war not only on 
the government, the oligarchy 
and the armed forces, but also * 
on FARC the Communist 
Party and the left in genera! 
for “betraying" the revolu- 
tionary cause. 

“This is the most difficult 
period of the revolutionary 
life I’ve ever known but also 
the one that has most filled us 
with pride as revolutionaries", 
he pontificated to journalists 
at a Franco encampment. « 
Nearby six hijueputa, hands ▼ 
tied behind their backs, were 
being fed like dogs by his men. 
One was a 1 3-year-old boy — a 
military intelligence agent ac- 
cording to Delgado. 

One is reminded of the 
Peruvian novelist Mario Var- 
gas .Llosa’s description of 
Abimael Guzman as “a man 
motivated by messianic pas- 
sion, fanaticism, .the belief 
that he is the uniquely enlight- 
ened one to save the country". 4® 

The feeling on the Colombi- 
an left is that given enough 
time and enough rope Delga- 
do will eventually hang him- 
self. as surely as he and his 
men throttled to death the 164 
buried at Tacueyo. 

Geoffrey Matthews 

£j* IxSjD 




In grandmother’s footsteps 



British designers have 
\ forsaken punk for 
1950s Paris fashion — 

tight skirts. 

- high heels, and the 
* French poodle as the" 
ultimate accessory 

Left to right: Betty Jackson's Parisian poodles. Alistair Blair's shapely evening dress. Jasper Conran's swingy tailored coat. 

C hic with cheek is the sew 
young London look. Those 
designers still showing 
dressing-up clothes are find- 
ing themselves up a punk creek 
without a safety pin. 

The stand-out collections were 
Alistair Blair, a Scot trained in Paris 
and new to London's fashion scene; 
and Jasper Cbaran, whose perky 
interpretat i on of Dior's New Look 
seemed just that. Blair is aged just 
30. Conran 26. Both were 1 babes in 
arms when Paris couture ruled the 
fashion world and it is their own 
generation — the children of the 
1960s and 1970s — who are already 
wearing this look on the streets. 
Their mothers, who swapped corsets 
for feshion freedom, will find the 
nouvelle couture a great shade, 
especially when they realize that the 
new- generation — as ever in feshion 
- is tiptoeing in grandmother’s 

The line is tight and curvy, but not 
necessarily .short. It starts from a 
wai&led jacket, which tops a skinny 
skin or a much longer pleated one. 
The mood is pert and sexy, with 
febrics that ding, and wool jersey the 
favourite. There is a strong return of 
the short day-dress and of the longer 
Princess tine for coats. The evening, 
and much of the daywear, centres on 
the Little Black Dress. 

Jasper Conran told me that he was 
malting a “grown-up” collection. He 
did just that. It means that he has 
matured as a designer while his 
clothes look fresh and young. Apart 
from a scene with black leather, 
which designers worldwide should 
how lay to rest, this was a splendid 
show, played out in black and white 
with dashes of hot colour. The two 
strong silhouettes were the shapely 
suit,' best in dogtooth check, and the 
fuller New Look pleats under a short 
jacket. The large evening wear 
section gave us 37 varieties of the 
LBD, from a quilted velvetsheath to 
flirty' full skirts in black chantiUy 

Alistair Blair proved bis debt to 
Karl Lagerfeld, with whom he 
worked for four years after Dior and 
Givenchy couture. Blair showed all 
the restraint Karl never has. and 
none of the master's wh. The result 
was covetabie clothes in fitted yet 
fluid shapes and luxurious fabrics. 
Blair understands couture cutting; 
capes grew' effortlessly from the 
backs of his coats, bias-cut drapes 
bisected crepe evening dresses. 

His silhouette is totally Parisian: a 
fitted three-quarter coat over a short 
dim skirt and a narrow evening line 
that shadows, the body without 

silver buttons and some couture 
touches of fabric rosettes were the 
only decoration on clothes that were 
sexy but classy and made a good 
debut for a new designer. 

London's leading young couturier, 
Bruce Oldfield, gave a disappointing 
show overall, although many of the 
individual dresses were appealing. 
An off-the-shoulder boat-shaped 
neckline was a strong evening One 
that is coming through elsewhere in 


Idfield also makes subtly 
draped jerseys and should 
be given full credit for 
seeing, long before the rest 
of the London designers, the poten- 
tial of what is now called nouvelle 
couture. Oldfield makes clothes for 
sophisticated women who rise at 
noon, and he would be wiser to show 
only his glamorous evening clothes. 

It is a steady season for the regular 
designers, whose role model has 
always been the discreet Princess of 
Wales rather than raunchy Madon- 
na. Roland Klein took the fitted 
three-quarter riding jacket, put it 
over a slim knee-length skirt in day 
and evening fabrics. Murray Arbeid 
opted for Dynasty dressing, with 
predatory scarlet and black evening 

gripping it (something most British ' dresses, gold lame poured over black 
designers still have to learn). Flat velvet and what can best be de- 

scribed as Krystle embroidery, 
sumptuously worked as trompe-l'oeil 
jewellery. Yuki and Patricia Lester 
both produced columns of elegant 
pleats. Lester’s with no shape but a 
great seme of colour and theatre, 
Yuki with the cut of couture, to 
which he spiritually belongs. 

1 question the wisdom of most of 
these designers, and many of the 
more commercial young ones, in 
showing on the runway. The 9,000 
buyers and Press now drawn to 
London want to see the unbridled 
Imagination for which we are 
known. Yet many of the freer spirits 
show around town simply take 
stands at Olympia 2, rather than 
making the statement of a show. 

If couture is ousting punk, where 
does that leave the more outrageous 
or creative designers? 

Betty Jackson has moved on from 
oversize and brought her silhouette 
closer to the body. She sent up the 
couture mood with her sharp tailor- 
ing and her French poodle accesso- 
ries (jewelled and real). John Rocha 
strains at inventive tailoring and 
sometimes pulls off a good shape. 
Like John Galliano, who cuts clever- 
ly but whose clothes are uncompro- 
misingly odd, Rocha has a talent — 
but one still in bud. 

Designers who work closely with 
fabric primers had a good season. 

Photographs by HARRY KERR. 

Body Map came down to earth, 
landing in Elizabethan England, 
which brought a subtle Tudor Rose 
print by Hilde Smith which was used 
for stretch leotards and dressing 
gown robes. A very tight body line 
under a loose coat is a London look 
and it gave Body Map its mix of 
ebullience and sexiness. 

S ensuality lifts the new couture 
out of a prim 1950s mould. 
Katharine Hamnett's collec- 
tion emphasized the blatant 
sexuality that pulsates though young 
music and style. Her menswear was 
powerful, centred on the suit also in 
a 1950s silhouette but with a much 
lighter construction. Hamnent did 
not work hard enough at her 
women's wear, bringing out again 
the shredded denim that is pan of a 
hippie revival story. Fresher were 
her witty sexist secretary clothes: 
striped blouses and skin-tight skins. 

Sociologists are talking about a 
return to sexual restraint by the 
young, and see that echoed in 
fashion by a return to conventional 
tailoring. Bui nouvelle couture is not 
po-faced and strict, but sexy and fun. 
That is how it is shown and will be 


Suzy Menkes 

Fashion Editor 

Vengeance as a 
sweet art form 

Living well is said to be the 
best revenge but it can't be 
half as much fun as ensuring 
that the object of one’s ven- 
geance has a perfectly horri- 
ble time. 

I am always coming across 
good revenging tips in books: 
a wife who stirred a mega- 
dose of Ex-Lax into her 
husband's chocolate mousse 
on the evening that he had an 
assignment with his mistress; 
a woman who put dead birds 
under her husband's pillow. 
It wasn't the stiff little corpses 
that made him suffer. What 
really got to him was that 
when he asked her what she 
meant by it all, she replied: 
“If you don't know that, I 
can't help you”. 

Real life is an equally 
promising source of material. 

I have a friend who broke 
into her departed lover’s new 
flat, piled his clothes into a 
□eat pyramid and set fire to 
them. What made that partic- 
ular bit of revenge so thor- 
oughly satisfactory was that 
the man was such a lovely 
dresser. His suits were fluid 
Italian tweeds and he had 
drawers of sugar-almond col- 
oured American shirts and 
sweaters just like the Great 
Gatsby. It is taking him years 
and a fortune of airline 
tickets to build up a new 

I witnessed another spot- 
on little episode while 1 was 
visiting a man who had 
recently escaped his domestic 
responsibilities by renting a 
“studio” the size of a decent 
broom cupboard. The 
doorbell rang and there was 
Pickfords, asking where to 
put the books. The books? 
Indeed, all 2.000 of them, 
packed up in massive crates 
and dispatched by his wife, 
who was at that moment 
rattling around in the 
couple's 10-bedr oomed man- 
sion and laughing her head 
off whenever she caught sight 
of an empty bookcase. 

It is the little meannesses 
that spur one to thoughts of 
revenge. Such as the sugges- 
tion from a soon-to-be ex- 
husband that one’s 
possessions should be divid- 
ed in such a way that out of a 




set of 12 champagne glasses 
(one broken) he should have 
six. At these upsetting times, 
one's female friends are a 
source of comfort and inspi- 

Byron was quite right when 
he said, "Sweet is revenge — 
especially to women”. I have 
never seen such sparkling 
eyes and prettily flushed 
cheeks as those on the wom- 
an I know as they made 
suggestions as to what should 
be done with the champagne 
glasses. The neatest plan was 
to pulverize them in the 
liquidizing machine and put 
the crumbs of glass in a box 
marked “Six champagne 
flutes, as requested”. 

The next lime someone 
trots out that tired old lament 
about why aren't there any 
great female composers/an- 
ists/chefs. 1 will not have to 
rely on my usual rejoinder 
that there are but they remain 
unnoticed 1 will be able to 
say that women express their 
genius in other creative ways, 
especially in devising perfect 
schemes of revenge, and you 
only have to go back to 
Salome to know that it is true. 

Women are so good at this 
kind of evil-doing because 
they need to be. Any group 
which is denied power has to 
console itself with little ev- 
ery-day rebellions and incon- 
sequential victories, as well as 
a primitive certainty that one 
day. those who have the 
power to hurt and destroy 
will get their come-uppance. 

A phone by any other name 

Hare you ever wondered what 
is happening to the red 
telephone kiosks designed by 
Sir Giles Gilbert Scott in 
1924, now that they are being 
replaced by boring grey cano- 
pies? They are being shipped 
off to America and promoted 
by Sir Giles's great-nephew, 
Malcolm Gilbert Scott as 
something that wiU “comple- 
ment all types of decor and 

Mr Gilbert Scott also in- 
sists that “clients have al- 
ready discovered a host of 
ingenious uses for their boxes 
in the home, garden or 
office” which is more than I 
ever conld. You couldn't turn 
them into a shower-cubicle 
because the door is too heavy. 
Yon couldn't throw in a 
couple of silk cushions and 

convert them into a love-nest 
because their narrowness 
leaves no room to manoeuvre. 

This is no fault of Sir 
Gilbert, who designed his 
kiosk to make telephone calls 
in and to provide a cheerful, 
scarlet sight on a rainy eve- 
ning for travellers who had 
got lost or were running late 
and needed to let somebody 

Sir Gilbert’s box is a thing 
of beauty in its own right and 
I suppose that if yon had a 
mind to, yon conld just park it 
in yonr living-room for its 
ornamental value. Bnt I think 
yon would very tired of an- 
swering the question, “What 
is that telephone kiosk doing 
in here?” every time yon had 


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Money. if unaftiabte.- - - , . , 

If you've sold your son on the 
idea that the road to a high- 
flying future lies in getting into 
Oxbridge, and spent his chris- 
tenihg mentally measuring out 
his life in terms of victor 
ludorums, you could, accord- 
ing to a psychologist, be 
channelling him into Candida- 
ture for future cardiac disease. 

Paul Bracked of Stanford 
University, California, has 
given parents a whole new 
area to worry about in the 
“must try harder" zone. All of 
us who have anything to do 
with children can probably 
plead guilty to summoning the 
fantasy fairies of health, 
wealth and prosperity around 
the crib, but is it possible in 
the upwardly striving 1980s 
that we want these things too 
much and push our children 
too hard to attain them, with 
alarming consequences? 

Bracke’s research shows 
that Type A behaviour, associ- 
ated with high-risk heart dis- 
ease, begins at home, and 
more specifically, in the rela- 
tionship between father and 

. Dr Steve Duck, a former 
senior lecturer in psychology 
at Lancaster University and 
now professor of communica- 
tion studies at the University 
of Iowa, tells us to “look for a 
lot of eye movement Type As 
are easily distracted and look- 
ing for something else to do. 
They fidget and move their 
hands a lot They’re tense, 
hard-driven, competitive 
types who don't do many 
things for a laugh and are 
committed to their work”. 

The research at Stanford 
comes at a time when some 
doctors are claiming tbai post- 
mortems carried out on young 
people killed in road accidents 
are showing signs of their 
susceptibility to heart disease- 
■ Bracke found xhar parents of 
Type A boys interfered more 
than did parents of more easy- 
youngstexs. He found 
of Type A boys were 

Pushy parents with 
great expectations 
can create children 
heading for heart 
disease, warns an 
American researcher 

much more likely to discipline 
with physical and intimida- 
tory techniques. 

In his study of 184 children 
aged from II to 15. Bracke 
claims Type A children could 
face a greater risk of heart 
disease than their Type B 
counterparts. Like father, tike 
son, boys with several Type A 
characteristics shared many 
health problems with their 
paternal role-models. They 
suffered insomnia, muscle 
tension and stomach upsets, 
racing heartbeats, cold sweats 
and frequent lengthy bouts of 

Anhur Crisp, professor in 
psychiatry at the sleep labora- 
tory attached to St George's 
Hospital, London, says Type 
As do tend to sleep less 
althoughthat may be simply 
because they need less. “I 
would say clinically that Type 
A parents do pressurize their 
children- It’s a sort of middle- 
class attitude on the pan of 
those families who want their 
children to achieve and 

It may, to us, sound rather 
American. But in Britain, too, 
stress in children is being 
watched closely and thought 
by many to be reaching danger 

With a divorce rate of 
nearly one in three, vast 
numbers of boys are shoulder- 
ing the responsibility of being 
”man of the house” from the 
tenderest years. . 

Charles Vetter, director of 
ACCEPT (Alcoholic Commu- 
nity Centres for Education, 


Prevention and Treatment), is 
worried about the results of 
other pressures on children. A 
survey among 600 youngsters 
by ACCEPT has found what 
Mr Vetter says is “an amazing 
amount of drinking between 
the ages of! 1 to 15”. 

Dr Kirk Weir, consultant 
psychiatrist at Guy's Hospital, 
Lewisham, says a chief cause 
of anxiety in children is 
families breaking up.He says 
one characteristic of high- 
achieving families is that 
many parents who believe 
their child has a reading or 
concentration problem “want 
them to be called dyslexic 
because that gives them some 
kind of acceptable excuse." 

Bracke's notion that pushy 
parents can cause hostile, 
competitive personalities 
heading for heart disease -is 
one which British doctors and 
psychologists regard with 
scepticism. Bracke himself 
says: “We don't know for sure 
that the children are going to 
be adult Type As but we really 
are measuring something 
that's consistent with age.” 

Barrie Brown, senior lectur- 
er in psychology at the Insti- 
tute of Psychiatry, says: 
“What has struck me very 
much in recent years is the 
high number of young people 
who suffer from a range of 
symptoms remarkably simitar 
to adult depression. 

“Many of the issues raised 
are lack of jobs, a sense of 
futility, of having parents who 
don't understand them, push 
them, and have unreasonable 
expectations, AH these apply.” 

Heart disease or not - with 
adults everywhere currently 
swapping the family's butter 
for a low cholesterol spread, 
changing their gold-topped 
pints for skimmed milk, and 
warning their offspring of the 
hazards of smoking, now is 
probably as good a time to re- 
examine our ambitions for our 
children's future. 

Heather McGlone 

Many things divide the world. 

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Michael Binyon assesses the new moral element in global policy 

Anne Sofer 

The times 



The campaign by some Labour 
activists for blade sections - 
*wch have been outlawed by the 
P®ty - grows more fratricidal A 
national committee representing 
the sections has withdrawn co- 
operation from the national 
executive's Black and Asian Ad- 
visory Committee. The sections' 
'first newsletter, which has fallen 
into my hands, condemns the 
advisory committee as “a body 
imposed on the black community 
which elsewhere would be de- 
nounced as a Baniustan sham". 
The newsletter boasts that two 
more constituencies, malting five 
in afl, are to allow black section 
delegates to vote at meetings to 
select parliamentary candidates 
(rendering the selection officially 
void), lie two are Norwood, 
where John Fraser, an ex-minister, 
could find himself under pressure, 
and Streatham. The newsletter has 
no time for Derek Hatton, how- 
ever. It says that though 8 percent 
of Liverpool's population is black, 
only 0.8 per cent of its workforce is 
black; and that of more than 1,000 
‘day-care places only six have gone 
to blades. “Liverpool City Council 
is racist,” it concludes. 

Smoked out 

Stuart Holmes, who gave up his 
home and job to travel Britain in a 
; crusade against tobacco, has just 
won a victory on Greater Man- 
chester buses. Holmes - whom I 
met last autumn sleeping rough 
outside the SDP conference — has 
in the past few months pursued 
David Graham, director-general 
of the transport executive, even 
into the office loo to pursuade him 
to ban cigarette advertising on 
buses. Graham has now agreed to 
hand over unbooked space for 
anti-weed posters. “I find him a 
bit odd but I realize he's sincere,” 
says Graham, wearily. “Just so 
long as his campaign -doesn’t cost 
me revenue or prevent me from 
lighting up...” He is a self- 
confessed 60-a-day man. 

Frozen out 

Talk about exclusive: the Inter- 
continental Hotel in Geneva has 
told Opec ministers meeting for 
oil talks this week to slum it 
elsewhere because it is fully 
booked by stars of the world 
figure-skating championship. Be- 
fore last year’s Reagan-Gorbachov 
summit, the American contingent 
found the same hotel solidly 
booked by a Rotary convention. 
But that time, thanks a rare 
concession, the peacemongers 
eventually got their beds. 

• The producer of this year’s 
Oscars ceremony has written to 
■ nominees asking them to restrict 
, their acceptance speeches to 45 
seconds by not “thanking the 
whole world, their agents or their 

Unseen Hurd 

You might think Granada TV 
would be keen to keep its friends 
in high places sweet After all. 
Rank, despite a snub from the 
1BA, is still chomping to take it 
over, Winston Churchill's obscen- 
ity bill is getting tacit support from 
the government and the jockeying 
over ITV franchises begins again 
soon. But not a bit of it Having al- 
ready spent £140,000 on filming 
Douglas Hurd’s thriller War With- 
out Frontiers, Granada has told 
foe Home Secretary it is shelving 
the project until next year. “Our 
schedules are just too full” said a 
spokesman. And with what? One 
project taking precedence is First 
Among Equals, the masterpiece 
from the pen of the Tory deputy 
chairman. Jeffrey Archer. Can it 
be that Granada sees him as the 
one t o cultivate? 








Is the world seeing the emergence 
of a “Reagan doctrine”? Does the 
US role in the foil of despots in 
Haiti and the Philippines point to 
a new activist phase in foreign 
policy, one that bridges long- 
standing divisions between con- 
servatives and liberals? A 
vigorous, if somewhat muddled, 
debate is now swirling through 
Washington as the US tries yet 
again to define its place in the 
world, its obligations to democ- 
racy and its opposition to tyranny. 

Hie president’s supporters are 
now trumpeting the triumph of a 
doctrine some claim as the most 
significant revision of US policy 
since the Cold War. For the first 
time, they say, Washington has 
found a way of translating its 
defence of freedom into policies 
that have achieved a previously 
unrealized combination: rolling 
back the advance of communism, 
sweeping away dictators in Latin 
America and nurturing fledgling 

The doctrine, defined as the 
active support of democratic ele- 
ments around the world, takes US 
- foreign policy out of a status-quo. 
hold-tbe-tine view of the world 
(albeit accompanied by tough 
Reagan rhetoric) and puts it on the 
offensive as a revolutionary 
power, challenging communism 
on its own ideologica] ground. 

For a generation the US has 
seen one friendly government 
after another fall to forces hostile 
to itself and to democracy: from 
Eastern Europe to China. Cuba to 
Vietnam and Cambodia, Ethiopia 
to Afghanistan and Iran; and now 
Nicaragua. But since 1979 when 
the San dini stas came to power in 
Nicaragua, no other avowedly 
Marxist government has taken 
over in a non-communist country. 

In Haiti and the Philippines, the 
prospects for democracy and 
continuing US friendship have 
survived the overthrow of presi- 
dents Duvalier and Marcos. Rea- 
gan supporters see a clear line 
running from El Salvador through 
Grenada, Haiti, the Philippines 
and continuing, they hope, to 

But such arguments depend on 
a sleight of hand. For when 
Reagan first outlined the basic 
tenets of what is now claimed to be 
the doctrine before Parliament in 
London in 1982. he spoke mainly 
in terms of anti-communist insur- 
gency. And even in his State of the 
Union speech last year, when he 
declared that the US had recov- 
ered from post-Vietnam self- 
doubt to resume its role as leader 
of the free world, he saw the task 
as standing ty allies and those 
risking their lives to defy Soviet- 
supported aggression around the 
• world. 

Haiti and the Philippines were 
coincidental triumphs inflicted 
on the administration despite the 
conservatives' support for Mar- 
cos. It has taken some skilful 
semantics to weave Washington's 
ad hoc reactions into the overall 
pattern and fink the rejoicing in 
Manila with the Contras' yearning 
to dance in Managua. 

Nevertheless, it is clear that in 
the current debate on foreign 
policy and America’s interests, 
ideologies and labels seem to have 
been switched. It is the conser- 
vatives who now echo President 
Kennedy's stirring call to America 
to “pay any price, bear any 

Where will the 
liberty debate 
take America? 

burden ... to assure the survival 
and success of liberty” 

It is a conservative Republican 
administration that preaches an 
interventionist message, seeking 
to convince the United Nations of 
the need to support anti-com- 
munist insurgencies in Afghani- 
stan, Cambodia, Angola, Ethiopia 
and Nicaragua. And it is the 
liberals who have retreated into a 
neo-isolationism which not only 
condemns the Kennedy and John- 
son policies in Vietnam but insists 
that America must never again 
over-commit itself abroad. 

There is an historical irony in 
the argument now used by the 
New Right about moral leader- 
ship, the contention that “Amer- 
ica is the home of the democratic 
revolution, and our foreign policy 
only makes sense if it accurately 
reflects the internal nature of the 
American experiment". For it was 
for years the Democrats who 
championed liberal international- 
ism. From Roosevelt to Lyndon 
Johnson, US foreign policy was 
dominated by the vision of an 
activist, interventionist America, 
aiming to promote freedom and 
world order through international 
institutions such as the UN and 
anti-communist alliances. 

• And even after Vietnam de- 
stroyed the will for physical 
intervention, the last gasp of this 
vision, Jimmy Carter’s human- 
rights pplicy, preached moral 
intervention with rhetorical alle- 
giance to universalis! ends. 

Conservatives, on the other 
hand, had always been the back- 
bone of pre-war isolationism, the 
wish to avoid foreign entangle- 
ment. to retreat into “fortress 
America". Conservatives had al- 

ways been more inclined to Real- 
politik, to worry less about sons- 
of-bitches “so long as they are our 
sons-of-bitches”. The last gasp of 
this foreign policy was the prag- 
matism of Henry Kissinger, 
who — at least while in office - 
was more interested in construct- 
ing a Menem ichian framework 
that was to America’s advantage 
than in looking too closely at the 
values of those countries on which 
these relationships rested. 

Now much of this has changed. 
To the New Right and the 
Reaganite conservative, Kiss- 
inger's world view is anathema, 
not so much because be tolerated 
extreme right-wing allies (the Rea- 
gan administration has been 
equally happy to tolerate 
authoritarian regimes in South 
Korea. Pakistan and, until re- 
cently, the Philippines), but be- 
cause he put pragmatism above 
ideology and was not interested in 
a moral crusade against com- 

The conservatives are now the 
ones preaching liberation philos- 
ophy and extolling “freedom 
fighters”, but it is liberation from 
Marxism, not from other forms of 
poverty or oppression. 

Meanwhile the old centrist lib- 
erals, those who long dominated 
the foreign policy establishment, 
have taken up the cudgels against 
the conservatives, using language 
that sounds more like Kissinger 
realism than liberalism. George 
Kennan. the grand old man of 
American diplomacy who first 
outlined the doctrine of contain- 
ment 40 years ago, returned to his 
forum in Foreign Affairs recently 
to denounce the penchant for 
playing the moral policeman 

Robert Fisk reports on another casualty of the Beirut kidnappings 

•The Tories hardly need anew 
manifesto when so much 
©f the oH one still applies' 

Nelson’s victory 

Hitler's genocide took all of 30 
years before it made it to tonen- 
can prime time. South Africa’s 
nightmare looks as if it will have a 
shorter wait before getting the 
Hollywood mini-series treatment 
Harry Bdafonte, the black avij- 
rights campaigner and film star, is 
set to make a TV blockbuster 
about Nelsoa and Winnie 
Mandela. The networks are al- 
ready scrambling for the rights. 
Bdafonte is chasing the emigre 
South African writer Mary Ben- 
son. who has written a book on 
Mandela and edited another on 
his wife. "Other producers from 
the States are also interested. Not 
since Garibaldi has a rebel so 
much captured the world's 
imagination.” she told me. I 
u nder stand that Dickie Atten- 
borough’s own stab at an apart- 
heid epic to rival Gandhi, based 
on books by banned South African 
journalist Donald Woods, is about 
to go into production. pffS 

Anderson: thought he 
had nothing to fear j 


A year ago this weekend, Terry 
Anderson, the Beirut bureau chief 
of the Associated Press news 
agency, went to play tennis with 
his friend Don Mell on the hard 
court just behind his home on the 
Beirut seafront. 

Parking outside MelTs house 
afterwards. Anderson, still in his 
tennis clothes, was dragged from 
bis car by armed men, bis specta- 
cles falling into the road as he was 
pushed into the back seat of a 
green Mercedes whose rear win- 
dow was obscured by a thick 
curtain. He has been a prisoner 
ever since, allowed to write only 
briefly to the outside world last 
November. In the letter home, he 
spoke emotionally of how he 
looked forward to a family re- 
union on his release - “Dad. Peg. 
Bruce, Jack and Judy — all the 
grandkids we could gather. Such 
joy that would be.” 

But Terry Anderson's father 
Glenn, a retired truck driver, died 
of cancer last month. So for as 
anyone knows. Terry still thinks 
that the plucky old man who 
visited him in Beirut in the 
summer of 1983 is still alive. 

Indeed time seems to have 
stood still since that moment, not 
long after 8 o'clock on March 16 
last year, when Anderson disap- 
■ pea red. For his kidnap changed 
the lives of his friends and 
relatives, persuaded dozens of 
western journalists to abandon 
their homes in Lebanon and 
ultimately, stifled the free flow of 
news from one of the world's most 
confused and tragic conflicts. 

Those who believed that 
Andoson’s abduction was unique, 
a rare assault on the community of 
foreign journalists in Lebanon, 
were to be cruelly disillusioned 
The portents had been around for 
’ a Iona time. Jeremy Levin, bureau 
chiefof the American Cable News 
Network, had been kidnapped in 
March 1984 but turned up in 
Baalbek a year later and described 
how he had escaped from his 

Collett: a plea for 
jailed Palestinians 

Rochet: one of the 
latest to disappear 

Ka nfm an m held by 
Islamic Jihad 

The truth held 
to ransom 

captors after spending months 
chained to a radiator in solitary 
confinement Jonathan Wright, a 
Reuters correspondent in Beirut, 
had spent a grim two weeks in 
August 1984 in the hands of 
gunmen from whom he escaped 
by crawling through a chimney. 

But it was Anderson's disap- 
pearance which started the shock 
waves. A tough, cheerful, over- 
weight man who had shown great 
courage covering Israel's invasion 
of Lebanon in 1 982. he was one of 
those people who seemed some- 
how invincible. Every morning, 
unaccompanied, he cheerfully 
walked his dog along the Beirut 
sea from. He had no reason to be 
frightened because he had made 
no enemies in Lebanon. If Terry 
Anderson could be abductod, then 
no one was safe. 

Indeed, only nine days later, 
Alec Collett, a British freelance 
writer working with the United 
Nations, was taken from his tar by 
gunmen at Khalde just south of 
Beirut. He has been seen only 
twice since then, on a grainy video 
film appealing for his life and 
asking for the release of Palestin- 
ians imprisoned in Britain. Two 
months afterwards, Jean-Paul 
Kauffinann, a French journalist 
working for VEvenenmt du Jeudi, 
was kidnapped on the airport road 
in Beirut. His colleague, a re- 
searcher named Michel Seurat, 
was taken with him; it was Seurat 
whose “execution” was an- 
nounced by his Lebanese kidnap- 
pers last week. 

In June. 1985, Lebanese gun- 
men kidnapped Alfred Yagoub- 
zadeh, an Iranian photographer 
living in France who works for the 
French Sipa news agency. He was 
released after 50 days of captivity. 

But two weeks ago an entire four- 
man French film crew was abduct- 
ed in the Shia Muslim suburbs of 
south Beirut after filming a rally of 
militant Hezbollah (Party of God) 
members. Like Anderson’s abduc- 
tion, the kidnappings were all the 
more frightening since the televi- 
sion reporter, Phillipe Rochot, is 
an old Beirut hand, a fluent Arabic 
speaker who, besides being an 
excellent journalist, has many 
goad friends among the liny press 
corps still left in Lebanon. 

The groups responsible for all 
these abductions are not difficult 
to identity. The pro-Iranian Islam- 
ic Jihad movement, which has 
strong links with the Iraqi opposi- 
tion Daawa party, claims to hold 
Anderson and Kauffinann, and it 
was responsible for Levin’s abduc- 
tion. It i$ demanding the release of 
17 Iraqis and Lebanese impris- 
oned in Kuwait for bombing the 
French and US embassies there in 

The extremist Palestinian Abu 
Nidal faction is holding Collett 
(probably in Sidon) and was 
almost certainly responsible lor 
Wright's abduction. Yagoub- 
zadeh's captors made no demands 
but there seems little doubt that 
they were members of the 
Hezbollah- perhaps the same 
men who have been holding the 
French film crew; Islamic Jihad 
has denied being involved. 

For journalists, and for every- 
one around the world who wants 
to read and hear the truth about 
Lebanon, the real significance of 
these abductions is that the foreign 
press here is now in greater danger 
than ever. Because they are un- 
armed, journalists are the softest 
taigets. But they are also the only 
neutral witnesses to a conflict in 

Mr Fixit the 
budget fudger 

He said America confused 
morality with self-interest, pursu- 
ing over-ambitious foreign and 
military policies that left it over- 
stretched and unable to make use 
of its diminishing resources. The 
first step on the path of morality 
was the recognition of the gap 
between American dreams and 
their realization. 

The labels “interventionist” 
and “isolationist” have become 
thoroughly ■ confused, and the 
debate today is not always consis- 
tent. Arguments on what serves 
America's national interest or 
where these interests lie have been 
mixed up with ideological postur- 
ings. Each side accuses the other of 
naivety. And on some issues, 
other considerations muddy the 
waters: attitudes on intervention 
in Lebanon, for example, were 
determined by Washington's dose 
ties with Israel. 

Mrs Jeane Kirkpatrick, a pillar 
of the New Right, won Reagan’s 
admiration by championing 
authoritarian regimes over com- 
munist ones as being the lesser of 
two evils. But neither her policies 
towards Argentina in the Faflk- 
lands war nor her vigorous es- 
pousal — until the last moment — 
of Fe rdinand Marcos influenced 
the Reagan administration. 

Even within the administration 
the battle between ideologists and 
pragmatists continues. On some 
key issues the classic roles of the 
Pentagon and the State Depart- 
ment have been reversed: George 
Shultz, the Secretary of State, is 
the hawk on intervening to take 
action against terrorism, while 
Caspar Weinberger, the visceraily 
anti-Soviet Defence Secretary, has 
proved very cautious about 
committing American military 
forces anywhere. 

President Reagan has not yet 
publidy entered the debate, or 
given his blessing to the new 
doctrine named after him. Nor 
have his supporters thoroughly 
defined the synthesis it purports to 
make of the traditional policies of 
left and right. But in this state of 
flux, American foreign policy is 
still evolving. Such a policies 
cannot yet be called a “doctrine”. 

As the evenings lengthen and the 
chill light of an eariy Easter is 
suddenly visible after the harsh 
February, the season of council 
rate-setting draws to a dose. This 
week and next the last few 
borough councils, amid a flurry of 
last-minute amendments and a 
salvo of ritual demmeiatons of 
This Tory Government, will shake 
the figures together one final time,- 
find they suddenly, miraculously 
add up, and vote through the 
budget The finance officers will 
wipe the sweat from their brows, 
dose their voluminous fifes and 
leave the chamber noth a lighter 
step: another intricate and diffi- 
cult operation safely performed, 
and the patient still alive. 

The ritual that has developed 
around setting a rale in the high- 
spending rate-capped councils 
does in feet follow, in primeval 
fashi on, the mood of the seasons. 
The government announces the 
limit for the following year’s rate 
in high summer. To begin with it 
is treated with derision and mock- 
ery. As autumn draws on, fog and 
gloom swiri around the calcula- 
tions and by mid-winter the 
picture is thoroughly bleak. Yawn- 
ing gaps are identified. The 
government's Unfit is found to be 
appaltingty inadequate. Long lists 
of cuts are prepared. The finance 
officer demonstrates how disaster 
stares the council in the face, with 
huge losses of jobs and services. 
Armed with these figures, deputa- 
tions confront government min. 
isters. A big campaign is mounted, 
with banners on every council 
dust-cart* Fight rate-capping! 
Rate-capping hurts! 

But come the spring, the figures 
subtly change. The balances are 
suddenly laxger than could ever 
have been anticipated, a most 
fortuitous underspend appears in 
the accounts, inflation can he 
calculated in a different way, 
win dfalls that have miraculously 
survived the winter appear from 
under the snow. All sorts of 
manoeuvres known as “financing 
mechanisms” are introduced 
which shift sums of money from 
one column to another. And hey 
presto! The same amount of 
Spending can somehow be covered 
by a lower income. No cuts in jobs 
and services! A victory for the 
campaign of resistance! - 

The finance officers who per- 
form these yearly miracles are a 
remarkable new breed possessing 
two characteristics seldom en- 
countered in combination: they 
are committed public servants and 
financial manipulators of the 
highest order. 

In the game of outwitting the 
enemy they are always one step 
ahead. A story is circulating about 
a conversation between one bor- 
ough finance officer and the 
District Auditor. “Two years ago 
your budget was a fudge," said the 
District Auditor. “Last year it was 
an outrageous fudge. There’s no 
way you can do it again this year.” 
“Oh yes I can.” said the finance 
officer, and he has. 

Having watched all this 

great respect for the officers’ skills 
and a feeling of having lost contact 
with reality. What actually is going 

on? I would be ashamed to ask 
wen it not for the feet that 
practically everybody else is in the 
!CTTT>e predicament DoE officials, 
local govern m ent journalists, the 
academic experts — all are con- 
fused. Wffi aU these councils come 
down to earth with a bump and 
run out of money after the May 
elections? Are the budgets really 
cosmetically disguised deficit bud- 
gets? Or havethe magicians in feet 
discovered aurum potabildl 

On the assumption, however, 
that there are no supernatural 
agencies at work, it is probably 
s afe to make two predictions. The 
first is that a day of reckoning will 
come and, to be fair, the finance 
officers themselves have been 
sounding warnings. The creative 
accountancy that enables present 
jobs and services to survive 
untouched depends more and 
more on mortgaging the future, as 
capital is coaverted to. revenue, 
assets are sold off and ingenious 
borrowing leasing arrange- 
ments are embarked upon. It is 
said that at least one London 
borough will be unable to pay its 
debts in three years' time. Its 
councillors hope that a _ future 
Labour government will indem- 
nity it 

The other prediction is that the 
public comprehension of what is 
png on will be so totally eroded 
as to make local democracy 
meaningless. Already elected 
members themselves don’t under- 
stand it The Labour leaders rely 
on their officers to pull rabbits out 
of die hat, and their backbenchers 

are kept happy if, on the left, tbqr 

can go on chanting “No cuts in 
jobs and services’ 7 ' and, at the 
more moderate end, they have a 
counsel's opinion telling them it is 
all legal. On the opposition 
benches there is growing suspicion 
as caicniptirnix change from one 
month to the next 

As for the public outside, half of 
them think the cuts have’ already 
happened. 1 have been struck 
recently, talking to people on 
council estates, at the growing 
number talking fearfully about 
having to find the money to send 
their children to private schools. 
Some mention the teachers’ dis- 
pute, but even more the “huge 
classes — the teachers just can’t 
cope any more . . .” And this in an 
education authority where the 
pupil-teacher ratio a the lowest in 
the country and better than it has 
ever been! 

But nothing these days seems to 
produce the intended result. The 
Campaign against the Cuts under- ■ 
mines confidence in the public 
sector. The rate-capping legisla- 
tion encourages extreme prof- 
ligacy. The municipal socialists 
turn into the greatest asset-strip- 
pers of all time, it is a crazy world, 
where mere mortals look to those 
with special powers like our 
financial wizards to lead them 
blindfold out of the maze. 

The author is SDP member cf the 

nt r’/lt E -A O MmIi 

moreover . . , Miles Kington 

See the World, 
miss the Cup 

r Seurat: ‘executed' 

by Ins captors 

which truth is ever more difficult 
to discover. Today only 17 west- 
ern journalists are permanently 
based in Beirut compared with 
more than 70 two years ago. 

The effects have been obvious. 
First-hand reporting of the war in 
Lebanon — especially the effects 
on the victims — has become 
largely confined to a few European 
newspapers ; every American cor- 
respondent has left. There are few 
reporters left to travel to the Bekaa 
valley to report on what the Syrian 
army of occupation is doing; there 
are equally few available to travel 
to southern Lebanon to report on 
the dangerous new guerrilla war 
there and on Israel's increasingly 
bloody incursions from its occu- 
pation zone. 

Ironically, the Israelis have been 
trying to keep western journalists 
in Beirut from witnessing their 
occupation for the past 18 months; 
Lebanese and Palestinian gunmen 
have now almost achieved what 
the Israelis could never have 
hoped for much of the war in 
southern Lebanon is now reported 
only from Jerusalem, where corre- 
spondents are in no danger of 
being kidnapped. 

Against the human disasters 
that occur in Lebanon every day, 
the plight of journalists may not 
seem to matter greatly. Up to 
100,000 Lebanese may have died 
in the fighting of the past 1 1 years; 
thousands of Lebanese have been 
kidnapped and subsequently mur- 
dered. Forty-seven foreigners 
have been abducted in the past 27 
months. Twenty-six have been 
released; five have been reported 

Most of the reporters who have 
died here were chance victims of a 
war they were trying to record. But 
the kidnappings have addeda new 
dimension to the business of 
reporting. For the sad anniversary 
of Anderson's kidnapping illumi- 
nates a tragic fact; that fewer 
people will hear the truth about 
Lebanon because there are ever 
fewer journalists to report it 

The whole of June will be filled 
with World Cup fever as the best 
teams in the world fight it out in 
Mexico, and play football as well 
of course. It will be on the TV and 
radio night and day, in the news, 
in the newspapers — everywhere. 
And if England do well it will be 
even worse. So for all those of you 
who dread the prospect of a 
football-filled June, and just want 
to get away from it all Moreover 
Travel has dreamed up some 
holiday packages just for you. 
They are all guaranteed World 
Cup-free. No other travel firm can 
promise that 

A Month in the Contras: How 
would you like to defend democ- 
racy for four exerting weeks in the 
foot hills of Nicaragua? You 
wouldn’t like to defend democ- 
racy? Well how would you like a 
bit of looting and village-burning, 
which is much the same thing? Get 
away from it afl in this wild but 
beautiful country, far from the 
nearest TV set mid sports maga- 
zine. And the beauty of it is - we 
pay you to go! Yes, Ronald 
Reagan himself is laying on milt 
ions of dollars for you to be there. 
Why? Well apparently he thinks 
that Nicaragua is going to invade 

the USA, and wen, it's very 


A Welsh Painting Holiday: Did 
you know that Wales badly needs 
painting? Yes, most of the houses 
are peeling and many haven't been 
painted at all; this is a result of the 
rich musical talent of the Welsh, 
which did not leave room for any 
visual sense at alL We urgently 
need volunteers who would tike an 
open-air holiday, lots of activity, 
far from the big city. And here's 
the bonus; of all the UK countries, 
Wales was the only one to be 
knocked out of the World Cup (by 
Scotland, as usual), so they won't 
be very interested in whats going 
on in Mexico and wouldn’t talk 
about it even if you begged them. 
Grand Tour Cruise (No Ports of 
Call): One of the nice things about 
a cruise is calling at a foreign port 
and bring approached by a 
friendly native with something to 
sell — Jeaihmvare, perhaps, or his 
aster. But what if he comes up to 
you and says: “Hey. did you hear 
that Brazil beat Italy in the semi- 
finals?” Well there’s no danger of 
that on our special cruise, which 

calls nowhere, just sails round the 
Med for a will be like a 
long, wonderful party, at which 
nobody present is interested in 

The Old Spaghetti Road: Every- 
one knows about the Silk Road. * 
the old trading route between 
China and the West. But have you 
heard about the Old Spaghetti 
Road? Lqgend has it that noodles 
from China were the basis for 
modern Italian pasta. We trace the 
ancient track across Iraq and Iran 
until h peters out near Afghani- 
stan. That's right, peters out! 
Because there is no truth in the old 
legend about noodles from China. 

But by the time you find that out. 
the World Cup will be over. 

The Ascent of K59a: Did you 
know that K59a is the lowest 
unclimbed peak in the Himalayas? 
Yes, that's right, the lowest. At 
only 1 1,000 feet ft still has not & 
been climbed by any known 
expedition, not because it is 
difficult but because it is so bo ring 
It is surrounded by nine other 
peaks, all identical and so feature- 
less that none of them has been 
climbed either. The native name 
for K59a is “Mountain which is so 
dreary that not even an English- 
man will climb it”, and they don’t 
come drearier than that, h will 
take about a month to get up and 
down. But boring though it may 
be, it beats watching Poland and 
Scotland kick each other’s ankles. 
Foot Weeks . Anywhere in the 
United States: The country di.£ 
reetty across the border from 
Mexico is probably the safest place 
to be in June, because the Ameri- 
cans have absolutely no interest in 
soccer. There was a short-lived 
soccer boom the other year, but it 
didn’t last The only games which 
are ever popular in America have 
to feature very short burets of 
activity separated by long periods 
of rest; this is essential to put them 
on TV, where they need most- of 
the lime for commercials, spon- j* 
sors, interviews with celebrities. - 
slow motion reruns and so on. 
Soccer flows on for long periods, 
and Americans cannot understand 
why « doesn’t stop to make way 
for a beer ad. So a month. 

- anywhere m the Stares, will see 
you safe. But not in Canada. 
Canada has qualified for the 
World Cup. ■ “ e 

LJ* IiSjD 

I sXt& 

«t the 

[«<, : 


Pennington Street, London El 9DD Telephone; 01-481 4100 


rssk£ s S§ s ssswc&'SBfS "•£ 

with ^ of ™™Ploy- task wit 


Implication of wider role for MSC Damages threat 

Sir, As a recently retired principal From the Director of the Man - ^5 PatieDt L8ICJ 

win taxes in straitened 
circumstances. The “consid- 
ered and justified” tax reduc- 
tions promised, if not 
quantified, only four months 
po have •. been scaled down, 
rallmg oil revenues have in- 
duced them to s omething even 

more modest. 

Yet this Budget is strate- 
gically of great importance to 
the Government It is, for a 
start, the occasion on which 
Mr Nigel Lawson must remake 
his somewhat uncertain 
reputation as Chancellor. His 
first Budget excited hopes of 
radical tax reform, which were 
defeated by a mixture of 
political pressures and 
squeezed finances. His second 
Budget was, in considerable 
pat, the admission of that 
defeat In his third, mid-term 
Budget he has to re-establish a 
jsense of direction. , 

Tomorrow’s budget has to 
be a practical exposition of the 
ChanceDor’s economic strat- 
egy. This strategy, or philos- 
ophy, boils down to stability in 
the large numbers, designed to 
vanquish inflation and foster 
growth; combined with “sup- 
ply-side” changes designed to 
stimulate industry’s response 
to the changed economic cli- 

“Popular capitalism”, the 
involvement of more people in 
the fortunes of business, is 
only one weapon in the micro- 
economic armoury of goads to 
industry on which Mr Lawson 
must chaw tomorrow. These 
stimuli are, as the Chancellor 
himself is fond of pointing out, 
mostly slow-acting. This, then, 
is the last Budget in which Mr 
Lawson can hope to foster 
change that will yield results 
before a 1988 election. For a 
Chancellor who is leading us 
proudly into the sixth 

successive year of economic 
growth, but has still failed to 
turn the tide of unemploy- 
ment, it is a a moment of some 

There, is a farther sense in 
which Mr Lawson is on trial. 
His management of those large 
numbers. - for public spending 
or monetary growth - has been 
questioned by the financ i a l 
markets more than once dur- 
ing his time as Chancellor. His 
reputation for effective 
management fan to a low level 
with last year’s sterling crisis. 

This year, he has been tested 
in the fierce heat of turbulent 
oil and currency markets, and 
. at first his response seemed 
uncertain. But he has weath- 
ered the .latest fall in the oil 
price, to levels only half those 
ruling a few months ago, with 
only one rise in interest rates. 
The markets now confidently 
expect that rise to be reversed. 

- Lower interest rates, to- 
gether with the prospect of still 
lower inflation, have been 
induced largely ;by changes in 
the world outside. But the 
speed of the fall in oil prices 
imposed a severe test on the - 
Chancellor; it is to his credit 
that its positive longer-term 
benefits have not been over- 
shadowed by. short-term diffi- 
culties. The pound is volatile, 
but not in a state of collapse. 
Its rate against the dollar yo- 
yos around the figures that 
prevailed last autumn; its fall 
against European currencies 
has bred new hope of export- 
ing success in industry. 

From the confusion of sig- 
nals that come out of the latest 
surge in share prices, it is fair 
TO extractat least a temporary 
vote of confidence. Mr . 
Lawson’s third Budget must 
consolidate this pin in his 
reputation. One essential is 
obvious: caution in public 
borrowing, keeping dose to his 
original target for 1986-87, 
making only minor adjust- 

ment for falling oil revenues. 
He faces, however, a harder 
task with his monetary frame- 

Forecasting the money 
numbers is still too uncertain a 
business for the Chancellor's 
new targets to be greeted with 
much confidence. Mr Lawson 
is seeking to demonstrate dog- 
ged financial rectitude by 
sticking with his original broad 
. definition of money - sterling 
M3 - and using the painful 
weapon of high interest nates 
to control it, rather than the 
soft option of selling an un 
necessary amount of govern- 
ment debt But the past year’s 
sterling M3 target was casually 
abandoned when it became 
inconvenient; even if the new 
limit is set at more realistic 
heights, there will be plenty in 
the City who will doubt Mr 
Lawson's commitment to it 

It has become obvious that 
Mr Lawson could benefit from 
a further boost in confidence if 
there were now to be a smooth 
entry to the European Mone- 
tary System. The financial 
markets have demonstrated 
their desire for a set of targets 
which depend hot just on the 
whim of the Chancellor but on 
international commitments , 
which are so much harder to 
break. Without them, confi- 
dence wQl depend heavily on Mr 
Lawson's reputation. 

That, of course, is not 
merely a personal matter. The 
Government’s struggle to re- 
gain national confidence after 
the recent succession of self- 
induced disasters also hangs 
heavily on a successful Budget 
On the economic front, the 
Government's flank is guarded 
by a very new Trade and 
Industry Secretary, with a full 
agenda and a fearful inher- 
itance. Mr Lawson, now with 
many years of Treasury experi- 
ence behind him, has to take 
the lead. Tomorrow is his 
greatest political test 


The Washipgtoi^ ^easqu for 
argument aboutaitfto the 
Contra rebels in Nicaragua has 
come around- aga i n . On 
Wednesday Congress votes on 
whether to extend a sum of 
SI 00 million to the Contras, 
$70 million of it in military 

Since the US firet sent help 
to the Contras more than four 
4 years ago, the rebellion has had 
an effect. It has helped reduce 
the Nicaraguan econorpy to its 
present straits, and forced the 
Sandinista Government to 
spend half its budget on de- 
fence. It has led to conscrip- 
tion. the single most 
unpopular measure in- 
troduced by the Sandinistas. It 
also forced the elections of 
November 1984, which were 
motivated more by the. gov- 
ernment's need for inter- 
national support than by any 
genuinely pluralistic convic- 

Contra “leverage” and 
i relentless diplomatic pressure 
from the United States have 
put die regime on the defen- 
sive. The Sandinistas no 
longer dream in public of 
acting as the vanguard - of a 
Central American revolution. 
And they have changed their 

Change of arms 

From A fr Hugh Peskett 
Sir, Being a Celt, with both British 
and Irish citizenship. largely Scot 
and part Cornish. Mr Philip 
Blake’s tetter (March 10) offends 
me with its second word, using 
England when surely he means 
Britain. Indeed, throughout his 
teller he appears to confuse En- 
gland. Britain, and the United 

Nineteen tweniy-two is a wrong 
date, for Ireland had a Govemor- 

- General representing the Crown 
until 1936 and left the Common- 

• wealth in 1949. And when .Mr 
Blake talks of Ulster, does he 
mean the six counties of Northern 

- Ireland, forgetting that three of the 
nine counties of the Province of 
Ulster (whose arms Mr Blake 
would have quartered by the 
Crown) are within the Republic? 

Apart from offending the 
Ulstermen of Cavan, Monaghan 
and Donegal this would raise a 
fascinating problem of heraldic 
jurisdiction. Garter King of Arms 
is. by his patent. “King of English 
Arms’*. In Scotland, Lord Lyon 
King of Arms stands in the place 
of the Sovereign in armorml- 

jurisdkuion, but whai (rflrefand? 

In Dublin the Chief Herald of 
Ireland fulfils the function and 
controls the records of the former 

- Ulster Kings of .Arms, and claims 

• jurisdiction over all the 32 coun- 

ties of Ireland, white in Lonaon, 
Norroy King of Arms has .L ot 0 ' 
.added to his style and claims 
jurisdiction over the six counties. 
Who controls the arms of ft* »ae- 
counly Province of Ulster? Does 
the Anglo-Irish Agreement cover 
the point? . . - • 

We hare precedent *or 

policy towards the Miskito 
Indian regions of the Atlantic 
Coast Moreover, although the 
regime remains pro-Soviet and 
there are stiff several thousand 
Cuban and Eastern Bloc advis- 
ers in Nicaragua, the country is 
not yet a totalitarian satellite. 
There is stiff a sizeable private 
sector in the economy, a vocal, 
• if censored, opposition, and 
much moral authority has, 
Polish fashion, passed into the 
hands of the more conser- 
vative elements of the Catholic 

The United States has 
succeeded in unmasking 
Sandinismo’s alignment with 
Cuba and the Soviet Union, 
- also its desire to perpetuate 
itself in power. All this has 
undoubtedly reduced its ap- 
peal in the region to its present 
negligible level. Now the Rea- 
gan Administration is repeat- 
ing the arguments of Dr 
Kissinger’s bi-partisan Central 
American report that without 
power, diplomacy has no 
leverage, and asking Congress 
to authorise further help. 

.. Behind the President’s 
thinking may be the calcula- 
tion that increased aid to the 
Contras will produce a 
successful counter-revolution. 

laissez-faire. The British royal 
arms continued to quarter those of 
France until 1801, reflecting the 
14 th-century claim to that throne. 
On that test we should leave 
Ireland there for another three 
centuries. None the less, Mr Blake 
is surely right that Wales and 
Cornwall should be represented in 
the royal arms. 

Yours faithfully, 


I Avenue Road, 



Education vouchers 

From Professor Alan Day 
Sir. Your argument (leading arti- 
cle. March 4) that choice of 
education through vouchers is a 
“peripheral issue of mechanisms 
of middle class parents’ choice of 
school” appears to be based on the 
view that it is inappropriate or 
unimportant for working dass 
parents to choose their childrens’ 

The case of choice applies 
irrespective of class. Indeed, it is 
arguably more important for the 
working class, who do not have 
the middle class option of scrimp- 
ing and saving in order to buy 
private education. 

Nor is the case for vouchers 
upset by your view that parents 
are not the, sole consumers of 
education and are not a full proxy 
for employers and others who 
receive the products of schools. 
Parents' who are free to choose . 
which schools -their children at- 
tend can be expected to try to give 
them the best possible life chance. 

All other things being equal the 
implies that the parents will try to 

If so, it is probably misguided. 
The mechanisms of leverage 
are not so simple. The Contras 
themselves are divided, and 
likely to remain so. Much of 
their leadership has no demo- 
cratic appeal and holds out no 
prospects of a democratic fu- 
ture. They have no urban 
support, and although at 
around 20,000 they are the 
largest guerrilla group in Cen- 
tral America, they are by no 
means the most effective. 
Their numbers are swollen by 
those seeking to avoid 
conscription — not the best 
military motive — and much of 
the money sent to them in the 
past is rumoured never to have 
got through. Washington’s 
support for the Contras also 
creates problems for the US 
elsewhere in Central and Latin 
America, where it arouses 
deep suspicion. 

For all that, the blunt in- 
strument of the Contras has 
contained the Nicaraguan 
revolution and to some extent 
altered its direction. Congress | 
need not approve the full $100 
milli on on Wednesday. There 
are conditions it may want to 
attach to any further aid. But it 
should certainly not vote to 
abandon them. 

maximize their childrens’ poten- 
tial earning power. By doing so, 
they would provide employee 
with the skilled and adaptable 
labour force they require. 

Too many professional educa- 
tionalists have developed such a 
degree of confidence in the 
correctness of their own judg- 
ments on society, which they then 
succeed in imposing on others, 
that they then come to lose sight of 
an understanding of individual 

Yours faithfully, 


Chan Place. 

Chart Sutton, Maidstone, Kent 

Finding a fake 

From Mr Christopher Edwards 
Sir, One may sympathise with Mr 
Chainey (March 22) in his distaste 
for the sudden changes in opinion 
which make paintings “worth” 
less or more, depending on which 
scholar’s new prevails. Neverthe- 
less, he should remember that 
pictures are not only objects for 
aesthetic appreciation — they are 
also historical evidence. 

.. Each painting by an artist forms 
pan of the scholar’s view of his 
work, and if it can be shown that 
one painting previously assigned 
to his hand was not painted by 
him, our appreciation of all his 
other woric must be altered, how- 
ever slightly. Considerations of 
how much the painting is restored 
or bow much painted by assistants 
may change the.force of this point, 
but do not undermine it al- 

Yours faithfully, 


17 Pall Mall, SWI. ' 

From Mr W. J. Cotierell 
Sir, As a recently retired principal 
of a further education college, it is 
not surprising that I should agree 
with the assertion in yesterday's 
leader (March 4) that farther 
education is arguably the most 
important sector of educational 
provision. However. I regard your 
adulation of the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission and the im- 
plication that the commission 
should have an even greater rote in 
this sector as a recipe for disaster. 

The expansion of training under 
the youth training schemes has 
certainly been very beneficial, but, 
given the vast sums allocated for 
the project, the MSC could hardly 
have failed to provide something 
worthwhile. None the less, there 
are many who believe that results 
at least as good could have been 
achieved for less, through the 
existing channels of the colleges 
and careers service or the dis- 
banded training boards, without 
the huge bureaucracy set up by the 
MSG itself the super “quango” of 
them all 

Undoubtedly, new approaches 
to further education are needed, 
but they must be built on firm 
foundations. The great weakness 
of the MSC is simply lack of 
experience, coupled with a ten- 
dency to take as narrow 
a“traming” approach as the DES 
traditionally has an “educational” 
one. Yet farther education 
representation is minimal on all 
the important committees of the 

It is certainly high time for the 
artificial division between educa- 
tion and training to be removed; 
but if a new administration cover- 
ing both is to be set up it must not 
only be free from the shackles of 
conventional educational tra- 
ditions, but equally must also, at 
all costs, avoid being subservient 
to the MSC. 

Yours faithfully, 


8 Hillgrove Crescent, 
Kidderminster, Worcestershire. 

Moves to Rome 

From the General Secretary of the 
Intercontinental Church Society 
Sir, Edward Yarnold's most help- 
ill article about Angtican/Roman 
Catholic discussions (March 8) 
focuses on the one key point that 2 
and many other Anglican 
Evangelicals have sought an an- 
swer to for many years. Father 
Yantold is clear in his belief that 
unity with the Roman Catholic 
Church does not mean 
“absorption” by it! 

This is a point that, to the best 
of my knowledge, has never been 
conceded by the leaders of the 

positive way in which this would 
mean something is by the recog- 
I union of Anglican orders by the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

Ten years ago, when I was 
Director of the Church Society, we 
held two most worthwhile con- 
ferences at Wycliffe Hall Oxford, 
between Roman Catholics and 
Anglican Evangelicals (to which 
Fr Yamold was a contributor). It 
seems to me that in this country 
we are no farther advanced at this 
level of understanding than we 

Lost for words 

From Professor Michael J. French 
Sir, Mr Martin Blocksidge (March 
5) takes to task six professors of 
engineering who wrote about stan- 
dards of English among their 
students. He says that English 
language O-level examinations 
lest “the ability to use sophis- 
ticated and precise language”. 

Mr Blocksidge suggests that the 
verbal skills of students 
specialising in mathematics or 
science from the age of 16 must be 
expected to atrophy, but surely if 
the foundations had been properly 
laid that would not be so. Many 
mathematical and scientific texts 
are better written than school 
English textbooks, and these sub- 
jects lead to clear thinking, with- 
out which clear writing is 

He farther suggests that univer- 
sity departments make it “widely 
known that they would welcome 
students who had taken, along 
with their mathematics and sd- 

From the Director of the Man- 
power Services Commission 
Sir. Your first leader "Education’s 
consumers” on March 4 is righi to 
draw attention to the contribution 
which the Technical and Voca- 
tional Education Initiative (TVEI) 
is making to the development of 
the secondary school curriculum. 
However, your suggestion that 
TVEI is about courses for the 40 
per cent of 1 6-year-olds who leave 
school without qualifications is 

All of the 74 education authori- 
ties who are running TVEI 
curriculum developments pro- 
grammes in some 500 schools and 
colleges in England, Scotland and 
Wales are required by the pub- 
lished aims of the initiative to 
“explore and test ways of 
organising and managing the 
education of 14-18 - year old” 
young people. 

They are also explicitly required 
to develop curricula in which 
there is a proper balance of general 
and technical education for stu- 
dents across the ability range 
including those seeking entry to 
higher education and those who 
will attain professional skills and 
qualifications through farther 
education combined with planned 
work experience. 

The object of the TVEI pQot 
schemes is to support education 
authorities, colleges and schools in 
developing curricula that are bet- 
ter adapted to the needs of young 
people approaching adult life and 
to do so with the intention that the 
lessons learned will be applied to 
all schools and colleges and avail- 
able to all students in the 14-1 8 age 

Yours faithfully, 



Manpower Services Commission, 


March 7. 

were many years ago because there 
has been too much talk about the 
final “marriage" (to some a “shot- 
gun marriage") rather than a 
gradual courtship - so (hat in Fr 
Yarnold’s words, “they come 
progressively to understand and 
trust one another”. 

I find in my present work 
among Anglican Churches over- 
seas that in many parts of Europe 
and North Africa there is a greater 
sense of “walking out together” 
with the Roman Catholic Church 
than there is in England. This 
seems to stem from a real sense of 
mutual concern to work together 
in mission and ev 

From Mr Kevin de Haan 
Sir. In order to meet the record 
settlement in the case of Caroline 
Turville (report, March II), the 
Wandsworth Health Authority 
will inevitably be obliged to divert 
precious resources away from the 
provision of patient care in its 

In the United States of America 
the high incidence of medical 
malpractice suits, frequently 
resulting in- massive awards of 
damages against doctors and hos- 
pitals, has threatened the very 
existence ofheaJth care facilities in 
some areas and put the lives of 
patients at risk. 

The response of many state 
legislatures to this crisis in the 
health care industry has been to 
introduce statutory arbitration 
and mediation schemes as a 
prerequisite to litigation before the 
ordinary courts in malpractice 

These schemes operate to very 
strict time limits and are designed 
to encourage the early settlement 
of valid claims whilst eliminating 
those without meriLAs well as 
effecting a significant reduction in 
the number of cases going for trial 
the schemes have resulted in lower 
costs and greater expedition if 
cases do proceed through the 

In an effort to avert a crisis in 
the provision of health care facil- 
ities in this country, should not 
serious consideration be given to 
the introduction of similar 
schemes here? 

Yours sincerelv. 


Queen Elizabeth Building, 

Temple, EC4. 

March 11. 

Trial by jury 

From Mr Clifford Jeans 
Sir. I see that after a recent trial at 
the Old Bailey (report. March 12) 
some jurors burst into tears, when 
having acquitted a defendant of 
murder they were told that he had 
previous convictions. I would 
have thought that it was very easy 
to know whether a defendant had 
a murky past although the jury is 
not supposed to take this into 
consideration in their delibera- 

It is my experience, having sat 
on several juries, that if the 
defendant has a clean past record 
the defending counsel will make a 
big thing of this, and even if the 
defendant has pleaded guilty, 
counsel will say that the present 
position of the defendant is due to 
a temporary lapse of honesty. If, 
however, the defendant has a bad 

have lost what they once had. 

Perhaps we should stop talking 
about “marriage” and do as Fr 
Yarnold suggests, try to under- 
stand and mist each other's 
position. We may then be sur- 
prised by the Holy Spirit and the 
path ahead. 

Yours faithfully, 


General Secretary. 

Intercontinental Church Society, 

1 75 Tower Bridge Road, SEI. 
March 10. 

ence, courses in history, literature 
and languages at advanced 
lever.If he will read the advice of 
the Standing Conference on 
University Entrance, surely the 
prime source on this subject, be 
will see that in the case of 
engineering this should already be 
widely known. We certainly wel- 
come candidates so prepared, as I 
imagine do the six professors. 
How often do we see science and 
mathematics advocated for future 
historians, etc? 

But it is for breadth generally 
that engineers value these sub- 
jects, not for the precision of 
language or thought they teach. 
For the former purpose I advocate 
reading The Timer, notwithstand- 
ing. Sir, your most deplorable and 
uncharacteristic sloppiness in us- 
ing the word “engineer". 

Yours faithfully. 

University of Lancaster, 
Department of Engineering. 


Fuel profits 

From Mr David Fisher 
Sir, In the warmth of the coming 
summer you will probably report 
windfall (or snowfall) profits made 
by the gas and electricity boards, 
whose advertising tells us how 
well they have served us during 
the exceptionally cold winter. We 
might then consider the notion 
that this bonus revenue could 
have been applied to the relief of 
elderly and disabled consumers of 
energy, for whom the effects of the 
winter were equal and opposite. 

A fixed (high) percentage dis- 
count on the relevant quarterly 
bills for these groups would be 

Student benefits 

From the Secretary of Slate for 
Social Services 

Sir, Last Saturday's (March 8) 
“Family Money" article seriously 
misrepresented the Government's 
proposals for changing the entitle- 
ment of students to social security 
benefits- 1 would be grateful if you 
would allow me to correct the 
most serious errors. 

First, the article says that stu- 
dents will no longer be able to 
claim housing benefit and supple- 
mentary benefit during vactions. 
This is untrue. The proposals 
would remove entitlement to 
supplementary benefit and un- 
employment benefit in the short 
vactions only — Christmas and 
Easter - not the main long 

more equitable, more humane and 
more certain of achieving the 
desired purpose than tardy and 
begrudged public welfare. 

Moreover, as the public utilities 
know from day to day exactly by 
what amount overall consump- 
tion exceeds The seasonal average 
— and can program their billing 
computers accordingly — there 
should be no difficulty in calculat- 
ing a discount rate proportional to 
the severity of the weather. 

Yours faithfully, 


153 Freshfield Road, 



The student grant already al- 
lows for living costs during these 
short vacations. It costs the DHSS 
some £2 million to pay out about 
£4 million worth of these benefits 
for these periods. 

Second, it was said that details 
of the housing benefit changes 
were unavailable. This is untrue. 
They were set out in a written 
parliamentary answer on Decem- 
ber 18. 1985; in Press releases on 
January 7. 1986. issued bv my 
department and by the Social 
Security Advisory Committee; in 
a consultation paper issued by the 
Social Security Advisory Commit- 
tee to anyone interested in seeing 
and commenting on the 
Government’s proposals. 

Third, and most important, the 
article said “All students will' lose 
all benefits by academic year 

very quiet on this point. 

My experience resulted in only a 
small sample, but it seemed to 
work every time. 

Yours faithfully, 


20 Paridield Road, 




Danger to birds 

From Dr Margaret Weldhen 
Sir. Readers who are bird lovers 
should beware of the danger of 
putting out balls made of fat and 
nuts which are encased in rather 
fine nylon mesh. 

These may turn out to be 
potential death traps for birds like 
tits which hang on to the nylon 
bags with their claws. As the bag 
begins to sag when the food is half 
eaten the birds can get their claws 
trapped in the fine mesh. 

1 had the shock of finding a 
blue-tit hanging by one leg. It had 
died, perhaps after hours of frantic 
struggling to free its claw, which 
had become so entangled that I 
had to cut out the body while its 
frantic mate looked on. 

When buying a holder for nuts 
and fat we should be sure to 
choose one which is not going to 
end up by being a death trap for 
the birds. Good old-fashioned 
string would be better than nylon 

Yours sincerely, 


Upper Spilsby, 


Onery St Mary, Devon. 

Meaningful terms 

From Mr D. B. Jenkin 
Sir. In his letter (March 10). the 
MP for York stated that “almost 
48 per cent of travel agents in the 
USA have experienced visitor 
cancellations". I have seen many 
unusual visitors from overseas, 
but never a postmarked Ameri- 

Yours faithfully, 


30 Hare Hill Cose. 



March 10. 

1987/8S". This is also untrue, It is 
certainly the Government’s view 
that in' the long run it is not 
sensible that students should be 
subject to two separate but inter- 
twined systems of support - the 
grant system and social security. 
Indeed this view was endorsed in 
your leader of December 18 , 1985. 

However, the proposals on 
which we are consulting are very 
much more limited. Complete 
separation is not an immediate 
prospect and is certainly not 
intended for introduction in 

Yours etc. 

Depanmem of Health and Social 

.Alexander Fleming House, 
Elephant & Castle, SEI. 

March 14. 


MARCH 17 1863 

“On This Day" returns to the 
American Civil War, not to the 
battle tones but behind the lines — 
to the evil effects always present in 
the wake of war. Our 
Correspondent was Charles 




New York exhibits no outward 
signs of the war and desolation that 
afflict, the land. Washington, on 
the contrary, betrays them at every 
turn. The long stragglng Avenues, 
planned in a spirit of magnificence, 
but so meanly executed, s w a rm 
with soldiers, camp followers, for- 
age wa gg ons, amb iil a n reffi . find all 
the aids, instruments, and para- 
phernalia of strife. Thousands of 
young men in gray-blue uniforms, 
swagger about the streets or lounge 
at the doors of the hotels, with the 
fresh jauntiness of the inexperi- 
ence that has never yet confronted 
a foe; while mingled among them, 
at intervals painfully frequent, are 
to be seen the luckless veterans of 
the struggle— the men who can 
fight no more, the maimed and 
mutilated victims of “glory” and 
“patriotism”, limping along on 
crutches, and turning their sunken 
eyes towards the by-passers with e 
piteous expression of countenance, 
as if to crave the sympathy of all 
who are still in the enjoyment of 
their limbs and faculties. The mud 
in all the main Avenues is ankle- 
deep. for there has been a heavy fall 
of snow, six inches thick, that only 
fay one day upon the ground before 
it began to yield to the fervid rays 
of a summer-like sun and the 
breath of of a wind as warm, if not 
as balmy, as that of an English 
June. Through the rivers and lakes 
of slush pass and repass at all hours 
of the day and night immense 
droves of cattle, as many as 4,000 
or 5,000 at a time, some going into 
Virginia for the use of the Army of 
the Potomac, and some destined 
for the consumption of the 60.000 
men retained for the defence of the 
capital, together with an almost 
continuous procession of supply 
and forage waggons, each drawn by 
six mules, and driven by a negro or 
an Irisb teamster, shouting and 
swearing as he goes. On any 
ordinary roads in England or in 
Europe, two mules would be amply 
sufficient for any vehicle of the 
kind, however heavily laden, but in 
the deep, greasy, tenacious mud of 
this region, six are none too many 
for the task they have to perform. 
Never, perhaps, in any city of the 
world was so much horse and mule 
flesh to be seen as in Washington 
at this moment, and such miser- 
able horseflesh never enriched a 
mob of contractors, or impover- 
ished a nation. The soldiers are for 
the most part as rough and shaggy 
as the mules. Raw lads of IS and 20 
for the bulk of the army that 
defends Washington against the 
imminent aggression of General 
Lee. These youths revel and riot in 
their premature manhood, and 
exhibit their exuberant strength 
and insolence in drunken and other 
orgies that seem to have no limits 
but their purses. To inveigle the 
“greenbacks" out of their pockets 
and those of their officers a whole 
army of brazen courtesans and 
“painted Jezebels" has invaded the 
city, who ply their trade by 
advertisement in the newspapers 
and by public exhibition in the 
streets after a fashion so gross that 
it would shame even the 
Haymarket. The places where they 
have congregated have received the 
name new to American slang, and 
peculiar to Washington, of 
"Ranches”, a word that in Texas 
signifies an enclosure for cattle. 
The "Ranches" of Madame This or 
That are as openly conducted as 
the hotels or boarding- houses, and 
the Provost Marshal and his 
officials make little or no effort to 
interfere with them. At every 
street, corner, and place of public 
resort are to be seen printed 
notices, warning simple-minded 
strangers against the multitudi- 
nous thieves who have congregated 
here from all parts of the world. . . 
Another dass of thieves, not so 
designated in polite society, but 
worthy of the name— the people 
who sell the Government rotten 
and unseaworthy steamboats for 
the conveyance of troops and 
stores: shoes for the army, that 
wear out in one day's march: and 
shoddy garments, nether and up- 
per. that rot like blotting paper in a 
shower of rain: the “respectable” 
people who plunder under form of 
law and with the decent obser- 
vances of trade, feed daily at 
Willards and other public places, 
and make themselves conspicuous 
by magnums of claret and cham- 
pagne which they consume, and by 
the general loudness of their talk 
and behaviour. 

Keeping out the cold 

From Mr Arnold Freedman 
Sir, I was greatly intrigued to read 
the letter of March 6 about 
keeping warm in Japan, as the 
peasants of Iran use almost pre- 
cisely the same method. They sink 
an earthenware pot in the ground 
of their living room, fill it with 
burning charcoal and cover it with 
a rug draped over a low. wooden 
tabic. They con then sit with their 
legs under the rug. and take their 
meals off the table in the greatest 

Their name for this arrange- 
ment is a kttrsi. Mv Oxford 
dictionary tells me that our word 
"cosy " is of unknown derivation. 
I would suggest that it comes from 
ihe Persian. 

Yours faithfully. 


5 Chadlington Road. 


March 6. 








March 16: The Prince Andrew, 

■ Patron of the Badminton 

■ Association of England, thic 
• afternoon anended the Finals of 
'the 1986 All England 
.-Championships at Wembley 
: Arena- 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. President of the British 
Knitting and Clothing Export 
Council, this evening attended 
“Reflections*’, a Pageant of 
British Fashion, in aid of The 
Save the Children Fund at the 

Savoy Theatre and afterwards at 

the Savoy Hotel London. 

Miss Victoria Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 

■ His Royal Highness was re- 
.orived on arrival by the Manag- 
ing Director of Wembley 
Stadium (Mr G. Nugus) and the 
'Chairman, Council, of' Bad- 
' min ton- Association of. England 
(Mr G. Axfbrd). 

March 15: The Princess Mar- 
garet. Countess of Snowdon was 
present this evening at a Conceit 
held at Glaziers* Hall in aid of 
the London Hospital Medical 

• Lady Aird was in attendance. 

Forthcoming marriages 


and Miss A_M. Trilto 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
. and Mrs Kenneth Longsoa. of 
Epsom. Auckland, New Zea- 
* land, to Alison Mary Trilto. of 
Melbourne, Australia, daughter 
- of the Right Rev John and Mrs 
Trillo, of 'Copperfield, 

Wenhasion. Suffolk. 

Mr C. Manners 
and Miss N-H- Thompson 
-The engagement is announced 
between Charles, eldest son of 
the Hon TJ. and Mrs Manners, 
ofThe Old Malt House, Ashford 
Hill, Newbury,, and Nichola, 
daughter of the late Mr Peter 
Howard Thompson and Mrs 
F.F. Howard Thompson, of 
Astley Farm, Bridgnorth, Shrop- 

Mr G.G AHea 
and Miss AJL Templar 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, younger son of 
Major and Mrs G.E. Allen, of 
Baverstock, Wiltshire, and 
Anne, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A.W. Templar, of 
Llanishen, Wales. 

. The Rev A. W. Fell 
and Miss NJ. Dixon 
The engagement is announced 
between Alan, only son of the 
late Mr and Mrs J. Fell, of 
Manchester, and Naomi, only 
daughter .of the Rev A.G. W_ and 
Mrs Dixon, of Hay House, 
Tibberton, Shropshire. 

Mr AJ*JL Gordon 
and Miss KA Sneddon 
The engagement is announced 
between Adam Peter Lindsay, 
elder son of the late Mrs 
Christine Gordon and of Mr 
GAL Gordon, of Boat-of- 
Garten. Inverness-shire, and 
Kathryn Anna, only daughter of 
Mis Dorothy Sneddon and of 
the late Mr John Sneddon, of 
Hove, Sussex. 

Mr MLS. Herman 
aadMiss N.C Nicholson 
The engagement is anfiounced 
between Martin, son of Mr and 
Mrs G Herman, of B landlord. 
Dorset, and Nancy, daughter of 
Professor, R. -Nicholson; . of 
Sisxngbursi, ' Kent, and Mrs J. 
Nicholson,' of Rolvenden, Kent. 

Mr M.G. St A. Jackson 
and Dr LE. Cooke 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael Geoffrey Si 
Aubyn. only son of Canon and 
Mrs R.S. Jackson. The Rectory, 
Lisnaskea, Northern Ireland, 
and Inez Elizabeth, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs C.D. Cooke. 
Thomastown, Enniskillen, 
Northern Ireland. 

Mr A. La nn ders 
and Miss J. Galledy 
The engagement is announced 
between Antony, only son of Mr 
and Mis L. Launders, of Rue De 
Beriot. Smallfield. Surrey, and 
Janet, daughter of the Rev T. 
and Mrs Galletly, of Beech 
House, North Chaily, Sussex. 

Mr A.M.R. Mackenzie 
and Miss K.C.A. Sanchez 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, younger son 
of the late Mr J.Y. Mackenzie 
and of Mrs E. Mackenzie, of 
Pienzenauerstrasse SI. 8 Mu- 
nich 81, West Germany, and 
Karina, third daughter of Mr 
and Mrs A.R. Sanchez, of 86 
Don Roces Avenue, Quezon 
City, Philippines. 

Mr A. Smith 
and Miss A. Manldewitz 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, eldest son of 
Mrs Jean Smith, of Lindfield. 
Sussex, and the late Mr Vincent 
Smith, and Anna, daughter of 
Mr and Mis Dieter Mankiewitz, 
of Brenchley, Kent 

Mr GUP. Thomas 
and Miss S.T. Kent 
The engagement is announced 
between Geremy.. elder son of 
Mr Geoffrey Thomas, of Frome, 
Somerset, and Mrs Meryol 
Thomas, of Poole. Dorset, and 
Sally. -daughter of -Mr Michael 
Kent, of Dodmgton Park, Avon, 
and Mrs, Anita KenL of Bath. 


London Cornish Association 
The 1 00th anniversary dinner of 
the London Cornish Associ- 
ation was held at the Portman 
Hotel on Saturday. The presi- 
dent, Sir Denis Tnucott, 
accompanied by Lady Tmscou. 
presided and the principal 
guests were Mr Julian Williams, 
Chairman of Cornwall County 
Council, and Mrs Williams. Sir 
Hugh Park also spoke. 

OM Taun toman Association 
The annual dinner of the Old 
Taun Ionian Association took 
place at the County Hotel. 
Taunton, on Saturday night Mr 
Norman Roberts. President and 
Headmaster of Taunton School, 
was in the chair and the prin- 
cipal guests were Mr Auberon 
Waugh, Dr John Roberts and 
Mr Christopher Pollard. 

St Paul’s Girls’ 

The following first year awards 
have been made: 

Murtr awards. Stan Eltzabrth Alton 
cSarum Hall SctioaL London. NW3i. 

lOtfum noil onww. U.HIV..I 

SaraJi Ruin Bakfoch (SI Paul's Girts- 
Preparatory School) 

Awards: Nathalie. Baron isi 
Christopher's School. London. NWS I. 
Tamara Ta Lun Chin fSanim Han 
School. London. NW3J. Beatrice Mar 
km Corner ISI Paul’s Ga rb P rmara 
lory School 1. Rosanna Grace UlwaB* 
(Norland Place School. Holland Park) 
Emma Oeorguna Rem (Putney High 

Birthdays today 

Sir Donald Barron. 65; Lady 
(Megan) Bull, 64; Mr Douglas 
Byng. 93; Vice-Admiral Sir 
Donald Gibson, 70: M^jor- 
General Sir Edmund Hakewill 
Smith. 90; the Rev J.P. Hal- 
damsSievenson, 76: Sir Arthur 
Hockaday. 60: Lieutenanl-Colo- 
nel Sir Edmond Joly de 
Lotbiniere, 83; Mr Robin Knox- 
Johnsion. 47;.- the Earl of 
Lauderdale, 75; Profeesor John 1 
U1I. 42; Mrs Penelope Lively, 
53: Mr Rudolf Nureyev, 47; Sir 
Patrick Reilly, 77; Dr Raymond 
Rickctt. 59; Sir Patrick Sergeant. 
62: Dr David Stafford-dark. 70. 

Latest wills 

Mr Leslie Frank Sooth wood, of 
Long Wittenham. Oxfordshire, 
the sculler and Olympic gold 
medallist in 1 936. left estate 
valued at £ 1,805.829 net. 
Among various bequests was 
one for £ 1 00.000 to the Society 
of All Saints. Oxford, for the 
Helen House Hospice. The resi- 
due goes to St Joseph's Hospice. 
Hackney. London. 

Other estates include (net. be- 
fore tax paid): 

Pelly. lva Marion, of 
Qucnington. Gloucestershire 

Freeman. Mrs Riia. of Highgatc. 
London £68 <l396 

Clifford Longley 

Split looming over woman bishop 


The Bishop of London, Dr Graham 
Leonard,, has given the dearest 
indication so far that Anglican 
Church is faced with a formal split 
over the ordination of women. 

What has provoked him is the 
prospect of a woman bishop in the 
Episcopal Church in the United 
States. Speaking on his way to a 
meeting in America last week he 
described this eventuality as "the 
final straw**. 

He said:“One can live in the 
Anglican community with some 
provinces ordaining women priests. 1 
have done that for a while with some 
difficulty. But the implications of a 
woman bishopare very grave because 
one thing that holds the Anglican 
communion together is the 

He was attending a meeting of the 
Foundation for Anglican Tradition 
Inc, which subsequently issued a 
statement signed by him. and by 18 
other bishops, some of whom belong 
to churches overseas which have 
broken with the mainstream Anglican 
Communion already because of this 
issue. It declared tnat the Anglican 
and Catholic faith "is not to be 
modified to suit passing fashion”. 

Meanwhile the primates of the 
Anglican Communion were meeting 
under the chairmanship of the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. Dr Robert 
Runcie, in Toronto. The Foundation 
for Anglican Tradition was evidently 
trying to send a frantic signal in that 

The primates are discussing a 
decision of a majority of the bishops 
of the Episcopal Church in favour of 
consecrating the first woman -bishop, 
backed up by the declared intention 
of the Right Rev John Spoug, Bishop 
of Newark, New Jersey, to appoint a 
woman suffragan (assistant; bishop 
to his diocese m the near future. 

The primates have no authority to 
stop him, however. Until recently it 
had been generally expected that no 
woman bishop would be consecrated 
anywhere in the Anglican Commu- 
nion until at least 1988, when the 
Lambeth Conference in Canterbury 
would set a general policy. 

But the Episcopal Church in the 
United States is impatient to move to 
the next step after a decade of women 
priests, and jealous of its right to do 
so without waiting for a word from 
Canterbury. The Episcopal Church is 
also very wealthy, and well-represent- 
ed in powerful circles in the United 

It is not part of the ethos of such 
circles to worry over much about 
opinion overseas, particularly when 
the advancement of women in all 
walks of life is now supported by a 
general consensus in society. In any 
event the merits of the Episcopal 
Church's case, in theological terms, is 
very strong. If it is right to ordain 
women as priests it must also be right 
to ordain them as bishops too. 

Dr Runcie said after the Toronto 
meeting that the primates would be 
telling the Episcopal Church "of a 

number of serious anxieties, because 
the ordination of women to the 
episcopate - would have important 
consequences for the life of the wider 
Anglican family**. 

The Bishop of London is becoming 
a major headache for the church. He 
has already said that the ordination of 
women in the Church of England, 
currently under consideration by the 
general synod after a decision in 
principle, could lead to the formation 
ofa "continuing Church of England". 

This would lay claim to be the 
legitimate continuation of the present 
institution of that name, and the rest, 
by his theory, would have broken 
away. Just how large and what shape 
such a “continuing Church of 
England" would be, and: how; the 
courts would regard its claims,, is 
anyone’s guess. . *■ 

By no means all the opponents of 
the ordination of women in the 
Church of England would want to go 
down that path. Even among Anglo- 
Catholics, in general sympathy with 
Dr Leonard's churchman ship, some 
would stay in the main body, some 
would leave altogether for another 

There is a substantial element 
within Angl o-Catholicism whose 
objection is not precisely to the 
ordination of women as such, but to 
the Anglican Church acting indepen- 
dently of Rome and Greek Ortho- 
doxy. And there is a further element 
whose absolute priority is reunion 
between Rome and Canterbury, 
which is threatened by the ordination 

of women. None of those would 
welcome a Continuing Church of 

The exact manner of a split in the 
Church of England, either over an 
American woman bishop or an 
English woman priest, is. still very 

If an American woman bishop is 
summoned to Canterbury in 1988 to 
attend the Lambeth Conference, Dr 
Leonard would refuse to attend 
Logically he would have to regard 
those bishops who did attend as 
schismatic, which would put in 
-jeopardy his continuing participation 
in the House ofBishops of the Church 
of England. 

That m turn would jeopardise the 
continuing participation of .the dio- 
cese of London in the life of the 
Church of England But he has not 
made public nis thoughts on these 
issues- And there is a suggestion that a 
number of other bishops in England 
have privately expressed to him their 
solidarity with the way he is going. If 
that developed further, the Church of 
En gland would be beading for its 
biggest crisis since James EL 

The Movement for the Ordination 
of Women is meanwhile entitled to 
point out that it has so far observed 
all the constitutional proprieties, and 
has not threatened any sort of split in 
the Church of England in spite of very 
strong feelings among its members. 
The average churchman has a strong 
attachment to order and decorum in, and is bound to notice the 

Wadham College 

Mr Lee Shau Kee. the Hong 
Kong businessman and philan- 
thropist. has been elected to an 
honorary fellowship of Wadham 
College. Oxford. 

The election is in recognition 
of the great contribution which 
Mr Lee has been making to the 
well-being of the college over the 
past decade. This contribution 
has taken the form, not only of 
generous benefactions, but also 
of the founding and funding of 
the Lee Shau Kee Studentship 
Scheme. Under this scheme 
each year three young men and 
women from Hong Kong are 
selected by open competion to 
come to the college. 

The academic record of the 
Lee Shau Kee students since the 
inauguration of the scheme 
seven years ago has been 
outstandingly successful To 
date. 40 per cent of the students 
who have taken finals have been 
awarded first class honours and 
none has achieved less than 
second class honours. 

Hertford College 

It is planned to issue a revised 
edition of the Hertford College 
Record within the next twelve 
months id all known members. 
Would any member who is not 
in contact with college, orwhosc 
address has changed, please 
write to the Bursar. Hertford 
College. Oxford. OX1 3BW, so 
that nis or her entry can be 

Bedstone College 

Scholarship and bursary 
examinations will be held at the 
college, beginning at 11.45, on 
Friday. March 21, for Septem- 
ber entry. Details are available 
from Bedstone College, 
Bucknell, Shropshire. SY7 
OBG. Tel: 054 74 303. 

Durham School 

The following awards are an- 
nounced for September J986: 

Mnrt MjobnMK MK. Hosstin- 
tbr^hlm iTh, Chorister SctwoU. w J. 
S»Jne (TIN CHa ruler School). D D T. 
Roberts -Bow School). N.A. Wjrrirop 
iHurworui House Schooy. w.PC 
Wcsioi) (Bow School). S.K. Paid 
(Dunum School i. 

Cvhiowom- J A Sidney ‘Bow school 
and Durham School). J P. Adamson 
■ Bow School). M.A. Bowman (CundaU 
Manor School ). 

Music scholarships: J D M. Ptx 
lAllertonshire School and Durtam 
School). M.A. Bowman (Cundall 
Manor Schoo)). D.M. LAWjdon (Dur- 
ham School) _ , 

Muor exhibition; M. Christie (Durham 

School i _ 

Art exhibition: LJ. Crawford (Bow 

exhibitions ' ar 11: I J. Abet! (West 
Part) Primary SctwoU. B.D.W. EHia 
iStilncUffe c. erf E School). G.S. 
Hobertshaw iSt Hilo's Primary 
School). A R H Thomson (StUncllfle 
Colt School). 

Music ex mm bon at 11: N.M. Selby 
iPltunglon Primary School). 

Princess Anne making a thorough inspection of the course at Aldeo, near Yeovil Somerset, 
before competing in a cross country event oh Her new horse, M Ia the Red".' ' 

Science repeat 

Sludge cleans up ‘vinegar’ lake 

By Gareth Hnw Davies 

Scientists have successfully 
neutralized the addle and 
extremely sterile water in a 
flooded sand quarry in Nor- 
folk by a novel environmental 
application of the old adage, 
“set a thief to catch a thief. 

They opposed one form of 
pollution, the acidity of the 
water, which at pH3 was more 
add than vinegar, with anoth- 
er, activated sewage sludge. 

The changed environment 
which resulted from lining the 
quarry bottom with the sludge 
is now suitable for recreational 

worked out sand quarry near 
King's Lynn, was that excava- 
tion exposed sands rich in 
pyrites, natnral metal 
sulphides, whidi reacted with 
the airandmioro-organisins to 
produce sulphuric acid. 

The lakes in the quarry 
became so add that they 
contained, no zooptanktfita -or 
fish and shoreline vegetation 
was restricted to coarse grass, 
moss and heathers. 

Treating the lakes with lime 

trations of be#»y metals. 
Fanners are. cautions about 
using it on land: consequently 
water authorities find it hard 
to even give it away. 

A pilot scheme branched by 
the association in 1984 proved 
successful after one year and 
has permanently solved the 
problem of the aridity. The 

sewage siudge -tbe-HS*? 1 ttieLtoanda Orchids trophy; F 

nonmnfan. ■ X » . _ I Pearl Of WUflUcdOCL Blf R & 

uses such as fishing, boating to raise the pH level - higher 

and even swimming, and is 
being naturally colonised by a 
range of acqnatic nature. 

Scientists at the Freshwater 
Biological Association at Low- 
er Sawrey, Cambria, believe 
their technique could have 
wide application in restoring 
many biologically inert 
flooded quarries or old coal 
mi nine workings which form 
unpleasant and quite useless 
scars on the landscape. The 
National Coal Board has ex- 
pressed an interest in it 

The reason for the high 
acidity of the Blue Lagoon, a 

pH indicates lower acidity - 
was only a short term, and 
expensive, solution because 
the continued production of 
sulphate would soon retail die 
pH to the original level of 
acidity, and the process would 
have had to be continuously 

The owners of the quarry, 
British Industrial Sand, called 
in the association who hit m 
the low cost application of 
sludge, the end product of the 
sewage treatment process. 
Sludge is an effedve fertiliser 
but can contain high concea- 

ecosystem, providing a reser- 
voir of organic carbon whidi 
allowed a rich natnral lake 
sediment to build ap, a process 
continued by natnral photo- 

The stodge also sealed the 
lake bed to prevent the pene- 
tration of oxygen which would 
produce more add, and neu- 
tralized the aridity in toe 
underground water which 
seeps Into it 

The lake, with a maximum 
depth of fora- metres, now 
supports plant and animal life, 
all natural arrivals, inclnding 
algae and horned pood weed 
and doled pondweed. In 1985 
toe lake was stocked with 
rainbow trout which’ thrived on 
toe neutralised waters^ 

Debut of 
the Castle 

By Alan Toogood 
Orchids in shades of green and 
brown are in vogue and were 
included in a gold medal exhibit 
staged by McBean's Orchids of 
Cooksbndge, Sussex at the Brit- 
ish Orchid Growers’ 
Associations' show held over 
the weekend at Westminster. 

Miniature cymbidiums, 
which are popular - as house- 
plants. were also well repre- 
sented in' McBean’s display, 
indudinga new -variety destined 
for toe pot plant trade - Castle of 
Mey variety Pinkie, with sprays 
of pale pink Sowers. 

Another orchid in toe exhibit 
was awarded a first class certifi- 
cate - deep crimson Odontioda 
Lyolh Supreme. 

In toe orchid competition SJ. 
Woolway, of Somersbam, 
Huntingdon Eared weC in the 
open classes, gaining the 
McBean perpetual challenge cup 
for 12 cymbidiums, and the 
Armstrong & Brown trophy for 
three miniature cymbidiiims. 

> Other trophy winners in the 
ppen classes were; • - 

JPercy' Naso of Cheltenham. 
GtoucesMfsnirF. the Sydney Tharp 
porpetual cbaDenae trophy. 

or orcttidK Ketib Brtnkler or 

Kent Uw« 

_ and E Raicttffe 

trophy for BaoMopedUiims: John Cay 

of WJtHMA West Yorkshire, the 

LyoUi perpetual duHmw trophy for 

odontogloasum: C DUuDo of London. 

the H Dixon A Sons perpetual trophy 

for species: and Georoe Ley of 
North wood. Middlesex, pie Burnham 

Nurseries perpetual challenge trophy 

tar ph&laen ousts. 

In the amateurs classes Dr T D 

Lawson or Owam. Surrey gained the 
trophy for the wedes 

Rrttenhausen _ 

TTieftopeUa sub ns variety Oieam. 
This piaol has a. -sfcbl* of Urge 
white. , mottled stalk, flowers around 
IP boas- It was fudged Igand champton 

and sained 

Lawson (iw 

MSI I , . .. 

BOCA perpetual challenge trophy 

SOIden rosette. 

Other trophy winners h) the ama- 

J- Wool way. mo Stonetiuraf Orchid 
Nursery trophy and the fwens orcMd 
trophy: - Mrs F~ Wheeler or SWcup. 

BakUfff trophy; Dr T D Lawson, the 
row Fnace Nurseries trophy: 


D Jacfcson of neodlna. foe Wyfd Court 
Orchids trophy: E W self, of Stdcup.1 
KenL the Mansen dr Hatcher trophy: 

Steven James of Hatgl eWU^M Mdlqefc 

the Guinness & Royden Orchids 
trophies: George Ley of North wood. 
Middlesex, the Dorset Orchids trophy: 
J S Davison, -of LitOehampion. Sussex, 
the Neville Orchids tropinr; and Mu B 
Eopeks- of Dulwich. London, the 
Black A Ftory trophy. 

tn the novices classes T j Lewis, of 
Dulwich. London swept the board, 
winning first prizes for best grown 
hybrid and species or orctiMS. 

Appointments in 
the Forces 

Royal Navy 

neu. ACTIVE In 

It 9.86: I D G Oaroeu. 

5.96; A T wardaie. 

F W Pick. BMH RINTELN. 29.996. 

ROW in Cmd. T.7.S& R P P SurfcttL 
MOD (L ondon). 17.6.86: NJK Craws. 
NEPTUNE. 3.5.86: MJD PUrrer. HQ 

3.11.86c J ft Hance. 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


■ IHw + 15* VAT. 

(mininriuin 3 tmcsl 
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RTMENT. If you have any 
tics or problems relating, to 
ir ad»crtisem«w once i i has 
cared, please contact our 
uomcr Scrv*«* 
telephone on 01-481 3006. 

rhou. o LORD, art our- father, -ovrl 
Vwhumgr. Uiy name Is from ever 

tttlah 63. 16 


—■wa s On an March, to Jo ukw 
F irth i wd MicnaeL a son 
i-nm m et . On March 6th. at the 
pMP Maternity . Hospital. 
Camortdgr. lo Sarah <N»* Bootoni 
and Rodertc. a son. Thomas diaries. 

COOL February 7U). al the WrtHngtam 
Hospital Ins. Daughter. Catherine 

KOOGSON. On March the 9th at 
Queen Charfoiles. To Anne (nee 
Purdy) and Andrew, a son. James 
Andrew, a brother far Rosie. 

LAMB To Valerie (nee NeUd) and 
Christopher a son. Richard Edward, 
a brother for Elizabeth and Victoria, 
on Marrh 1*10) at Canterbury. 
MASON on March ldth to Harsha and 
Charles a daughter Lydia Verity 

MAYNARD (Scealyl - Melbourne Atrt- 
iralia Kale and Charles are 
ahsoiulrtv deliqhled lo announce the 
arm. a i of Hannah Marguerite on 
Mann Bth 1986. at St Francis Xavi- 
er Canrlnt Hospital. Melbourne. 

OKU EWMG On lllh March to Lesley 
i nee Berry) and Jonathan, another 
fine son Haimsh Robert Norman, a 
brother for Arrhie. another friend 
lor Nero of The Rite. Great! ul thanks 
to staff ai Queen 01311006% Hospital. 
Tee Hee' 

lOCKETT - to Luo and Willy, on I4th 
March, a daughter, a stater tor Oscar. 

TOMKINS on March I3ih In Dorches- 
ler to Sheena rmv Siewan • and Peter 
a son MUrt Eomand Stewart 


BARNES On March I he 12th. 1986. 
Frederick Kentish Barnes. Bnqadier 
iRet'd I. O.B E.. F. Inst. T. Much 
fated husband. father and 
grandfather. Cremation at AkJersnd 
Park Crematorium. Wednesday. 
March 19th at It. 30am Noieiiersor 
(loners please 

BLACKBURN On Marrh lam 1986. hi 
hospital. Angela Jessamine Hunlcr. 
wife of the late Maior J.H J Black- 
burn. dearlv loted mother of Diana 
and grandimUhcr of Wendy and Jo- 

_anna.. funeral Service at Hunan- in 
the- Hedges Parish Church, nr 
Biackley— Thursday- Marrh 20th al 
2 OOpm Pmatr rrrmaHon Friday 
March 21st Family flowers only, do- 
nations it desired lo Huilon-m Ihe- 
Hcdges" Parish Cnurch Restoration 

BOYACK al Hinburc*, On >l4lh 
March. 1986. In her H9ih year. Han- 
nah Ruby Wakeiin Bovack of 
Inglewood. Penlland Avenue. Edin- 
burgh. widow of the tale Russel 
Bey ark. T.A. Servlrc at Wamston 
Crematorium. Cloister Chapel. 
WarrMon Road. Edinburgh on 
Wednesday, imi March al 11. as 
a-m. to Widen an mends are invited. 

BRUrroN on 13th March 1966 Denis 
Hubert. DJ14.. F H C.P.. 
D N F R.C P . aged 83. Dearly loved 
husband of Rosemary and of the late 
Joan, father of Ttm and the late Joe. 
Tunera! at The Church Of St John 
The Baptist. Burley, at 1 1.30am on 
Thursday aoth March 1966 followed 
bv burial. Please, no flowers: dona- 
tions lo SI Mary's Hospital Medical 
School Development Trust. London 
W2 IPG. if desired. A Service of 
Thanksgivlnq in St Mary's Hospital 
Chapel lo be arranged. 

CALKIN On Marrh 14th. Nancy, wid- 
ow ol Kenneth, dear mother of tan 
and gra n dmother rtf Fiona. Charles 
and Raul Service for immediate fam- 
ily only. No flowers please. 

CANN-CVANS - On March 13Ui. 1986. 
Prarrlully in Weymoulh Hospital. 
Ronald Cann-Etam, aged 84 years, 
hr loved husband of Mary. Fattier of 
Anne Win oe sadly mi»ed by nnd- 
childrrn Yvonne and Andrew. 
Funeral service at Wool Parish 
Church. 2-30 pm. Wednesday 19th 
Marrh. Family (Towns only please, 
bul donations, if de*ared, lo the Brit- 
ish Heart foundation. 102. 
Glnumier Place. London. 

COOKE ■ On tain March very grace- 
liillv. aged 81 years. May. widow of 
Douglas Cooke, dearly loved mother 
nt Prfer and Margaret and much 
loved grand mother Servin' Friday 
21sl Xlarcn 3 1 5pm al St James' 
Church Gerrards Cross, followed by 
on i air rremalton. Family flow res 
only please, bul donation if desired to 
I he Thames Valley H ounce. SUM 
Park. Stake Poges. Bucks 

COOPER Newcastle upoa-Tvne. sud- 
fkiil) on Marrh >34h, aged S&yrara. 
Claude Alan Dearly beloved hus- 
band of Lfcac Cooper Cooper and 
devoted lather of Claudia. Calhryn 
and Carol and father-in-law of Mi- 
chael. Interment al Heaton 

tniMaiy, Newcastle upon -Tyne on 
Tuesday. I8lh March 1986. Floral 
tributes ia family residence, enout- 
ne. lo R S Johnson A Sons. Tyneside 
I 091 ) 0560051 


On lllh Marrh 1986 Kath- 
leen I rims whfliington. aged 79 of 
The Old Mill House Penryn. Regid- 
em Man to be held at SI Mary's 
Calhohr Church. Falmouth on 
Wednesday, inn Marrh al 10.00 
am. followed by interment at Fal- 
mouth Cemetery Flowers lo Mrs 
Trevena. Paget Funeral Serv ices. 13 
Trcvrobeov Road. Falmouth 

DOOOY - On March ilih. 1986 peace- 
fully in hospital. Norah Edith (nee 
Howard) aged 75 yean. Much loved 
wife of Kenneth, mother of Angela 
and Jennifer, grandmother of Karen 
and Kevin Funeral service Tregoney 
Parish Church. Cornwall, on 
Wednesday. March 19 at 2.30 pm. 
Flowers may be sent lo G N Thomas 
4 Son. Chapel of Rest. Wert End. 

FULTON John Sc OIL Baron Fulton of 
Fainter. On Marrh I4ih. at his home 
In north Yorkshire: hta wife and fam- 
ily were wiih him. Funeral private: 
. f towns only from family and 
friends, please. 

[ On Marrh ldth 1986 Peter 
william wo 83 years of Mobbertey 
Cheshire, the much loved husband of 
the laic Josephine. A dearly loved la- 
ther and grandfather Funeral 
server in St Wilfrid's Church. 
Mobbertey on Wednesday March 
i9tn a) 12 00 noon followed by Uv 
lermem in the churchyard. Family 
(lowers only please, dona lions if de- 
sired to &t Wilfrids Church may be 
sent to Ihe Funeral Directors. JJt. 
Whist on. King Street Knutsford. 
Cheshire. Tel 0565 2644. 

Bobby, on !2ih March 
suddenly. Loving and devot- 
ed husband of Cynthia, 
simply the best father to 
Nigel and Sandra and . .paltenl 
master to Trampas and Max. 
Funeral on Wednesday 19th 
Marrh at 3pm al Putney Vale 

HEPFEHSTALLon March l3Ui Arthur 
Frederick beloved husband of Peggy. 
Father of David. Cuban ideci and 
Margaret Anne. Thanksgiving ser- 
vice on Monday March ?4th al 
11.16am at Ttdebrook Church fol- 
lowed by privalc cremation. Family 
flowers only please Any denaiwns 
10. CQUI«EJ & CARE for the Elder- 
ly 131 Middlesex Street. London 
E 1 

HOCKNELL John Stocker Suddenly 
on March lllh. precious hound of 
Catherine and much loved father of 
Treasure. McUne. Joanna. Pyrrtu 
and xanthe Adored by Edward. 
Eleanor and Rowniu. Loved and re 
speried by Mike. Rob and David and 
indeed by all who knew him "Our 
lives sheltered by your Ughl". Oe- 
malion al The Chlliem's 
Cremalorlura Amersham. Wednes- 
day March I9tn 10.30am- Flowers 
to H C Crtmslead Lid. Monietlo 
House. Layierv Green Lane. Chaffoni 
Si Peter. Thanksgiving Service will 
be held later. 

On March 11th 1986 
al Harrow. Middlesex. Mail- 
Land. in Ms 93rd year, 
beloved father of John. Fu- 
neral service at st George's 
Church. Headstone. at 12.30 
on Wednesday March 19th. 
followed by burial at Pinner 
New Cemetary May he rest 
In peace and Ifghl perpetual 
shine upon him. 

LOVE ROCK Bess. Dearly beloved wife 
of Mervyn. peacefully al her home 
Appleiree Collage. Upper Basildon. 
Berkshire, on Wednesday 12th 
Marrh. Tenderly remembered by her 
family. Cremation ornately. Memo- 
rial serv ice al SI Stephen's Church. 
Upper Basildon, on FrWay 21st 
Marrh ai 12 noon No nowera please 
bul donalmns lo Sue Ryder Home. 
Nell lewd. Oxon 

OWEN on 13th March 1986. peaceful- 
ly after a long Illness. Bernice 
Margaret iBemle) Dearly beloved 
daughter of Nell and Uw lale Jack, 
•osier of Vaf and loving partner of 
Neil Funeral service lo take place at 
Soul hover Parish Church. Lewes, 
Sussex On Friday 21st March at 
2.30pm. followed by private inter. 
nvenl al Kingston. Flowers or 
donations. K desired, for The Nation- 
al Hospital, Queen Square. c,o 
Cooper A Son Funeral Service. 42 
High Street. Lewes 475557 and 
UrMfleld 3763 

PARRY On March J4 suddenly at 
home. Ci cm life Lodge. Henley-on- 
Tnames. (f\«n. Hugh Meredith, 
greatly loved husband of Audrey, fa- 
ther of John. Jane and Margaret and 
■sfrpfmhrT of Tim and Sue. Funeral 
serv ire at SI James. Btx. 00 Wednes- 
day March 19 al 2 30jm. 

PROCTOR -SUNS Qn rnday Mam 
14th peacefully at home. Non mem- 
ber of the Royal College of 
Otisillnctans and CynarcowgKis. Fu- 
neral service al Wylye Parish 
Church on Friday March 2irt at 
12 30 pm. followed by private ctc- 
malion Thanksgiving service at a 
Liter dale No flowers please. 

ROSS - LOWE Li. GoL William Henry 
MBE. TO. Peacefully- on ISOt 
March, aged 82. Father of Bridget 
Belinda. Jane and Guv. Funoral pri- 
vate Family flowers only. 

TH OH*:— THORNE On March 13th 
suddenly Bmy. adored hufband of 
lerne and darling father and friend of 
Nina and Lconie. Service Thursday 
March 20th ai sl Peters Church 
WesUiampneK Ochester af 2*30 pro. 
Trains will De met al acherter sta- 
ffer by arranoeinctil with the funeral 
director. All Inquiries and flower* to 
Edward White & Son. E SoaUi 
Pallani. Ochester. Tel: 782136. 

WALLIS on March 13th. 1966. peace- 
fully. G. G. (Deenai. darting wife of 
T.G. wairts. and mother of John and 
Michael. Cremation private. 

WAUCMK Mary Veronica on 14th 
March 1986 in her 96U> year. 
Beloved wife of Andrew for 6& 
years. Mother and (pardmother. 
Funeral SI Thomas of Canterbury 
Mayfield Wednesday 19th, March 
R.i P. 

WHELDON - on Friday March 14th at 
home after a long illness borne with 
i he greatest courage. Sir Huw Pyrs: 
dearly lov ed husband of Jay and far- 
ther of Wynn Stan and Megan. 
Funeral service at SL Mary's Parish 
Church. Richmond at 3.00 pm on 
Monday March 24th. followed by 
private cremation. Flowers welcome 
or contribution lo the Brompton Hos- 
pital. Fulham Road. London. SWKX 
The dale of a memorial sendee win 
be announced later. 

WHITE on the 14th March, canon 
Frank While of 46 Greenacres. 

. Skipton. Service on Thursday 20th 
March al Holy Trtiuty Parish 
Church. Skipton 2.00pm. prior to In- 
ternment at Sl Oswald's Church. 
Lealhley. Family flowers only, dona- 
tions to Ihe Church's Fund for 
training for the Ministry, c-o the 
Reverend D Akxred. The Rectory. 

WILSON wullam John formerly of 
wnnefriars Glass on 12th March 
1986. Much loved father of Hilary 
and John. Sen Ice at Breaksoear Cre- 
matorium Last Cluoel on Thursday 
20th Match 11.20am. Ena fortes to 
TA Eliement & Sons Ltd. 01-866 


DUNHAM - A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the (fft> of Mr. C. John Dunham, 
will bn held at Sl. Giles ta the Fields 
Church. London WC8. on Thursday 
20th March, at -S.OQBtn. ... 


McArthur Robert James. Died hi car 

accident 16th 

March 1983. 

in loving memory 
of Doris Robinson who died 
1 7lft March 1 982 . My 4eorty 
beloved -wrfe- 

WOOD Leslie, died March 17th 
1984. -O Soul of my Soul. I 
Ruil know thee again! and 
•with ood be Die ntu~. 

ALTAP, . . . 

■; In cmd. 8A86: 

A1B. 23^.861 C HunL 

MINERVA to Cmd. 11.9.86: _ . 
Wnch. MOD (London). 19-S.86: T W 

PBuL ACHILLES tolCmd. 22.7.86: R 

M wuilasns. 

2986. R s Wraim. 
(PORT? tn Cmd. 8.936. 

M In Cmd. 


COM ANDERS: A R Barter. 9.BB6: 
M j Holmes. 10.5416: H Townson. 

Royal Air Force 
AIR MARSHAL: Air Marshal j B 
Duxbury to be Air OHlcar Command- 
ing. No 18 Group, tn succession to Air 

Marshal Sir John r 

March 21. 

Fitzpatrick, from 


for staff dimes.. 21 -3.86. 

Eng. 4JB6. D C WUUatns to 

K ^i7^^Sj R M£S&£ 

17386; NO Dbfoa lo 
183.86: D R Culmer to RAF 
tociaim. 133-86 P_T_ West ta 

SACLANT. IT MftCB Harwood to 
OASC RAF Bggen HfB. 17386-. j V 
-■ aTAPE. 21.3 86: J ‘ 

Beil to HQ SHAPE. 21.386: J P 
Anderson to MTS Dryad. 21.336. 


Latest appointments indude: 
Mr Peter Umna to be Ambas- 
sador to Denmark in succession 
to Mr James Mellon. 

Major Colin MacKenzie of Farr 
to be Vice-Lord-Ueutenant of 
Lochaber, Inverness and 
Baden och and Strathspey; Mr 
Donald Cameron, Younger <rf 

Lochiet, and Mr E-H^-E- Fra- 
ser. of KirkhiiL to be deputy 

this week 


Bm. ranainfiifl 


PpjwrrxjW ( 2 .301 : The Budget, 
twednesday and Thursday CL 30* 
■Budget debate. oonUnued. 

■Friday i9.S0j! Debate on voluntary 
— rfoa youth training. 

tdauonaJ servfi 

torus , 

JToday 12:30): Muaeanrof London Bm. 
(third reading: Latent Damage 801. 
Bdoond reading. Debate on oversew 
PtoUdays sales. 

(Tomorro w (230X Local Government 
(BUL nurd reading. 


buns fottowiog 

and matropoffian counties. 

fThtralay ct.- Appropriation flyorth- 

dameiial Freedoms m. conunit- 
tndusbiai Training Bili. second 
ling. WuseiKsa 

or AdfoMon Charges) bul 

(Debate on compeuoan. policy. 

(J&JJI lJ * I 'xSJD 



Music critic 
and author 

Mr Martin Coopn-, CBE, 
one of the mosl gifted, stylish 
and intelligent music ennes oi 
his lime, died at his home in 
Richmond, Surrey, on March 
15. He was 76. 

Martin Du Pre Cooper^g 

bom on January 17, 191 OHe 

was a scholar of Winchester 
and Hertford College. Oxford, 
before going on to study 
composition in Vienna under 
Egon WeUesz. 

Returning to England, ne 
wrote criticism for The Lon- 
don Mercury. The Doily Her- 
ald, and later The Spectator, 
he also published ' thoughtful 
studies of Bizet and Gluck 
before the war interupted his 


Wireless featured laige 
his life again during the St 
ond World War when. 
Vicar of Lowdham wi 
Gumhorpe, his regular Chr 
nan broadcasts, in simple aj 
unaffected langu^e wt 
widely heard both at hor 
and abroad. 

He had . published 
books: William Temple 
the Universal Church (1? 
and Beginning with At 
(1971), an engaging booi 
which Oner gently argued 
case for Theism and 
Christianity by describing 
own journey to faith thre 
his predilection for elect 


As a schoolmaster, first at 
Stowe and then at Winchester, 
he was prized not only for his 
knowledge of music but for a 

cosmopolitan range of inter- 
ests that, included mastery of W 
half a dozen languages. 

Joining the Daily Telegraph 
in 1950 as assistant to Richard 
Capell, he became chief music 
critic on the laltcr's death in 
1954. His most valuable con- 
tributions to the paper were 
his weekly essays, in which his 
alert mind, his wide cultural 
reference and his urbane style 
won him a following, not only 
among musicians and concert- 

a time when Engiito 
musical journalism still tend- 
ed to the pastoral-parochjal. 
Cooper’s was a refreshing 

Two of his chief interests 
were explored in the admira- 
ble little books Opera Co- 
mique (1949) and Russian 
Opera (1951k but his major 
work from those years was a 
classic study, French Music 
(1951), that covered the peri- 
od from the death of Berlioz to 
the death of Faure. He also 
edited The Musical Times 
from 1953 to 1956. 

A collection of essays, Ideas 
and Music, typically ranged 
beyond his chosen art, and 
gave some indication of the 
exceptional breadth of his 
reading and thinking Beetho- 
ven: the Last Decade was an 
amende honorable to a com- 
poser he regretted having once 

Retiring from full-time 
journalism in 1976, Cooper 
continued to write and broad- 
cast, but increasingly turned 
his linguistic talents to trans- 
lating other men’s writings 
(from German, French and 

It'Was a regret to many that 
so gifted a man did not write 
more books, for he had a 
quality of mind - witty, quick 
and sharp but also erudite, 
thoughful and religious - rare 
in critics of any art 

Highly self-critical. Cooper 
was also swift to praise excel- 
lence in others, and he had the 
quality of making others seem 
to shore, rather than be sub- 
dued by, his own intelligence. 

Somewhat prone to depres- 
sion, he had also a sense of 
humour that could be deliber- 
ately outrageous. His compa- 
ny and his conversation were, 
to his fortunate friends, life- 

He married, in 1940, Mary 
Stewart; they had one son, the 
novelist Dominic, and three 
daughters, including the con- 
cert pianist, Imogen. 

The Right Rev Anthony 
Otter, Bishop Suffragan of 
Grantham from 1949 to 1965 
and Assistant Bishop in the 
Diocese of Lincoln since 1965, 
died at his home in Belton. 
Lincolnshire, on March 9. He 
was 89. 

. Educated at Repton. whose 
engineering bias attracted 
him, and Trinity College, 
Cambridge, he served as a 
young naval lieutenant in the 
RNVR in the First World War 
when he was involved in 
wireless telegraphy sets which 
were then in their infancy. 


His hospitality and fri'endl 
ness touched all who met hii 
He was a countryman ft 
whom the heavens and ever 
thing else declared the glory i 
God and who lived, as 
lifelong friend said of hir 
with one foot in heaven. 

M Philippe Gitiboe 
fashion designer, d 
March 7, aged 54. Ac 
Chanel's artistic din 
1975, he launched to 
into ready-to-wear wii 
lection that was strong 
style and spirit of Co 
neLHeleftiu 1982 toe 
his own fashion house 

io res 


uth *a~ 

. * -■ i - 

W*-* ) aXj& 



Television I Opera in London and New York 

acting and script. It is a pity 
in patches the series has. 
not so mnch gone over the top 
in taking the lid off Fleet 
Street but through the bottom. 
A vicar who stabs himself 
through the heart and a jour- 
nalist who phones thrbogh his 
copy beside a woman going 
into labour are two examples 
of superfluous brutality. - - i 

Tke Collectors (BBC1), dra- 
matizing the on- and off-duty 
lives of Customs and Excise 
officials, was as lame as ever. 
The most vivid image was an 
ice-cream- type van cruising 
for samples of antaxed oil to 
the tune of musk more appro- 
priate to Bergerac. 



Michael Clark 
Theatre Royal, Balh 

Apollo, Oxford 

Michael Cfarit's new work for 
London Festival Ballet, pre- 
miered at the Theatre Royal 
Jtaib. is fun. Its subject is a 
light-hearted look at ballet's 
obsession with birds. Karen 
G«as "ayoung girl approach- 
mgswanbood” is the recipient 
of the title's injunction to 
Drop your pearls and hog it. 
gtrh advice she seems to 
accept m die flip. offhand 
finale.. , - 

Her solo to Saint-Saens’s 
“Swan” (music that Clark has 
used before) is exceptionally 
fluenrand unexpected with its 
swimming allusions and back- 
wand rolls: elsewhere, she has 
more showy dancing includ- 
ing a sparkling series of brises 
;jfefbre her artistic defection. 
Other music comprises bits of 
« Swan Lake. a choraJ tendering 
of “Swanee" by the rest of the 
cast a video recording. Wwigs. - 

dark's, house composers. 
The Fall and some supposed- 
ly Balinese music which prob- 
ably had an avian connection 

that escaped me. 

Or possibly not: before the 
television set for tbe video 
Sequence is hauled up into the 


•9 ■■■■■■■ P 

OB dm 

like a hyena. People Do tke 
funniest Things (ITV) is a 
programme that picks through 
other mens' dustbins for can- 
did-camera dips and funny 
out-takes. It’ll be' Alright on 
the Sight ami Cfiw James on 
Tetermorkfa the same thfrig — 
except that those programmes 
have us hosts Dennis Norden 
and Ohe. James. People Do 
the Proudest : Things ' has 
Jeremy.. Beadle. "Don't yon 
trust *ne?” T the bearded Beadle 
asks his stndfo audience. With 
one voice they answer M noT, 

whereupon he bursts Into grat- 
ing hysterical laughter, tike' a 

The dips he introduced 
were mainly bought faunnered- 
Aed, from American television 
tod induded for no apparent 
reason — save that it might 
have been part of a — 

some footage of Hollywood 
Stare as chddfen. Admittedly 
in between the laughter and 
Eddie Morphy at tbe age of 
five there were some very 
amnsiim sequences — notably 
three cleaning ladies singing 
M I used to be a teenager in 





The terrible tragedy at the heart of 
Wagner’s last opera is that of a work 
which Knows it cannot fulfil itself, 
and - Joachim Here In his new 

Hot AfOd.OTV) continued 
to bed-warm for Spitting Im- 
age in no tastelessly fine form, 
making Fleet Street's propri-_ 
etnrs and editors look by 
contrast like Benedictine 
monks. When BL poll out of 
t-'jjringaway a free Metro, poor 
Harr}’ Stringer -- the scholarly 
former editor of The Daily 
Crucible — is forced on televi- 
sion to offer free human 
kidneys. Played with immacn- < 
tare gluraness by Geoffrey 
Palmer, Stringer next finds 
himself promoting a prize of 
sextaplets. The first six child- 
less couples who write in with 
proof of sterility can take 
home a toddler. Robert Hardy, 
who in the role of Twiggy 
Ratbbone perhaps confuses ! 
londness with manipotation. is 
also impressive in. his font 
comedy series, playing not 
only tbe parts of proprietor 
and editor but the independent ! 
directors as well. 1 

Given the quality of the , 

production for tbe English-National 
Opera is right to identify , one of the 
main reasons- as the composer’s 
presence himself in the drama in the 
guise of Amfortas. This was tbe 
character with whom . he felt over- 
whelming sympsthy.ParsiJaJwzsto 
be nis redemption of himself just as 
Parsifal would be the redeemer of 
Amfortas. But no man can compose 
his own salvation, as Wagner surely 
becomes painfully aware as he nears 
his finale. And, even if Parsifal had 
worked as a myth of redemption, it 
would still have contained the colos- * 
sal paradox of saving Wagner’s soul 
while at tbe same time enhancing -hi<e 
ego by its success as a work of art. On 
his own terms, he left himself with no 
escape, and it m ay be accounted to his 
moral credit that he faced tbe feet. 
Parsifal proceeds from old Kfingsofs 
staring unflinchingly into a mirror 
that was for from ma gical - 
If Mr Here, offers a plausible 
diagnosis of the opera, however, he 
does so with little subtlety, though it 
is unfair to give a definitive judge- 
ment on the production as yet, since 
on Saturday night it was not r unning 
at all smoothly, and also since, as 
already reported here, the title role 
was taken over at very short notice by 
Siegfried Jerusalem. He did a splen- 
did job in entering a new production 
cold, and sang magnificently, particu- 

larly in the third art; it even seemed 
appropriate that this Parsifal should 
be singing his own language, with 
everyone rise on stage too polite or 
too mystified to mention the fact. 
Nevertheless, the production had 
evidently been shaken by recent 

But, even allowing for that, to 
clothe Amfortas in a Wagnerian 
dressing-gown trivializes the point, 
just as it trivializes the moribund 
authority of Titurri to have him 
appearing, if tottering, on stage in 
cope and dalmatic: of course these 
two represent on one level the 
exhausted old church and the tainted 
new, Rome and Bayreuth, but tbe 
suggestion can be made less explicit- 
ly. Nor is this a lone example of 
heavy-handedness. The stuffed swan 
flatly plopping to the ground raised 
an inevitable laugh; equally disap- 


Festival Hall/ • 
Radio 3 

ly calm performance of 
Stravinsky's liturgy of chance, 
dances and magic letters for 
the church of tbe lost god. 

pointing was the appearance of the 
flower-maidens in quite onseductive 

flower-maidens in quite onseductive 
close-fitting caps, or the knights 
parading as a schoolboy chorus, or 
Kundry’s call on Parsifal from a 
position where she was invisible, or 
Kfingsor’s trapezing on a pink hula- 
hoop with a mirror that obscured his 
singing, or the destruction of his 
domain that could be predicted a full 
hour ahead (the spear episode I take 
to have been a makeshift in tbe 
absence of the scheduled Parsifal), or 
the lowered curtain for the final 
transformation, or the unnecessarily 
complicated grail machine. In short, 
Mr Here bungled every intervention 
of the fantastic. 

Gwynne Howell's Ganremanz, refres hing ly human, touchingly v ulner able 

Quite bow the Festival Hall 
could have been half empty 
for one of the most exhilarat- 
ing concerts of the season 
defeats me. Here was Strav- 
insky's grandest late monu- 
ment. Threat , . a fascinating 
double piano concerto by the 
master of expressionist surre- 
alism, Bemd Alois Zimmer- 
mann, and the first big 
orchestral piece for 1 4 years by 
Harrison Birtwistle. There 
should have been queues 
stretching as far as, say, 
Wapping: I hope more will 
make a date with the next 
"Music of Eight Decades” 
concert on April 2. 

This time around Bruno 
Canino and Antonio Bailista 
were the quick-witted soloists 
in Zimmerraann’s Dialoge , 
which has a vast orchestra 
flickering with keyboard figu- 
ration, as if issuing from a 
dozen rainbow pianos, before 
the awesome entrance of ghost 
quotations from Debussy and 
Mozart. After a masterly expo- 
sition of this score Peter 
Etitvos conducted a beautiful- 

Then came Birtwistle's 
Earth Dances, a 35-minute 
sprawling, lumbering giant of 
a score that makes a quick 
verbal sketch more than usu- 
ally irrelevant. It is like bis 
Si/bury Air and bis Secret 
Theatre multiplied together, a 
work of long groundswells, of 
strange unending melody (es- 
pecially for the woodwind 
ensemble), of cascading dock- 
works from tuned percussion, 
of densely worked string tex- 
tures, and huge heroic fan- 
fares: often of all these things 
together, with the addition of 
something new in the dance 
element that keeps trickling 
over the surface, frequently 
speaking rather curiously with 
a Latin-American accent, 
though not in the climactic 
and tumultuous “Danse sac- 
rale”. A lesser composer 
would have followed prece- 
dent and slopped here, but 
Birtwistle successfully goes on 
into a slow, quiet coda, to 
leave his audience staring (like 
Parsifal) after an opaque cere- 
monial of magnificance. 

Paul Griffiths 

piping. With the ultra-violet lights 
turned off, this becomes the contents 
of a giant ashtray for the third act. 
The flower-maidens operate from 
within a bowl of pink rags, and return 
at the end as vestal virgins (or 
perhaps snowdrops), though the femi- 
nist point would be stronger if the 
music were not by this stage thor- 
oughly unconvinced by itself 

Tbe blame must be shared by his 
designer Wolf Munzner, whose first- 
act forest is an ugly mess of leaf-green 

Sir Reginald GoodalL however, 
sounds convinced, indeed possessed, 
by every bar he conducts a perfor- 
mance that is both searing and 
grandiloquent, and that does more 

than justify a visit to this production. 
Also excellent is Gwynne Howell's 
refreshingly human Gumemanz. a 
young man of limited imagination 
but touching vulnerability in the first 
act, and still green as the aged hermit. 
Neil Howlett as Amfortas sings with a 
passionate sense of great strength in 
travail, and Anne Evans as Kundry 
has a candour and fragility that 
worked rather well in her dealings 
with Parsifal. Rodney Macarm has 
been encouraged to play Klingsor too 
much as the demon king. 

Paul Griffiths 

Academy of 
Elizabeth Hall 


New York 

Nowadays when Placido Do- 

announced that hewas -suffer- 
ing from tracheitis but had 
agreed to continue. From then 
on it -was hit or — mostly — 
miss,- with a total lapse into 
hoarseness for the final scene. 

It was not alone a matter of 

tremes, including some pianis- 
simi that might have 
registered in a smaller house 
but simply vanished here, or 
were submerged by James 
Levine’s exuberant players. 

mingo sneezes the entire oper- the voice: What was needed to 
atic world seems to catch a. offset Ewing's bizarre and 

cold. And this, starting with compelling Carmen was an- 
the tenor's tragic loss of other commanding stage pres- 

relatives m the Mexico City 
earthquake, has been a flu 
season no one will soon forget 
Domingo was on, off and then 
-on again for the Mel's new 
Carmen in tire Peter Hall 
production, adapted from 
Glyndebourne, with the fat- 
ter’s wife, Marfa Ewing, in the 
tide role. Carmen footed like 

ence. At his s trong es t Luna's 
Josi seemed merely pouty and 
petulant, hardly an adequate 
foil for his relentless tormen- 
tor. This weakness may have 
stemmed from Lima's indis- 
position, but what allowance 
can be made for Michael 
Devlin's EscamiDo, which was 
utterly ineffectual both vocal- 

faring better than - Covent ly (no solidity and- no bottom) 
Garden's planned Ord/oas far and dramatically? Is this the 

as Domingo, was concerned. 
Buvalas. h was not to be. at 
feast at the start. Slow recov- 
ery from surgery for his hernia 
operation forced him to caned 
the first two performances — . 
and possibly more. Luis Lima 
has replaced him. 

. Domingo was sorely missed 
on the opening night, and not 
only for the obvious reasons. 
Lima's small tone, clear and 
focused catty on, grew cloudy 
and then, in the second act, 
dotted. At the interval it was 

best the Met can muster for a 
major role in a new produc- 
tion? • 

Thus, surrounded by non- 
entities, Ewing's intense and 
highly coloured Carmen 
seemed a creature from anoth- 
er planet In a reading virtual- 
ly devoid of straightforward 
vocalization Ewing bent pitch 
ami shaded tone, skewed vow- 
els, nudged and dragged tem- 
pi, warbled with quick vibrato 
and droned with none. She 
also sought dynamic ex- 

Admirers of more tradition- 
al vocalism had to content 
themselves with lovely mo- 
ments from Catherine Mal- 
fitano. Her voice had a hard 
edge to ft which might have 
precluded some of Micaela's 
vulnerability, but at least it 
allowed her to soar over the 
orchestra — and poor Lima — 
with ease: Levine sometimes 
let ensemble slip, especially in 
tbe choral numbers, and 
sometimes covered vocal 
lines, but here it was often 
difficult to tell which party 
was to blame. The orchestra 

played well and the woodwind 
superbly in the exposed solos. 

Hall's direction and John 
Bury’s sets are conservative, 
even reactionary, given cer- 
tain recent attempts at inno- 
vative opera production. But 
Hall has conceived a suitably 
realistic framework for his 
wife's hyper-realistic portray- 
al. In the first and fourth acts 
he peoples the stage with 
Zeffirellian hordes, even 
throwing in a few horses at the 
end. On its own, mostly 
traditional, terms this is a 
well-conceived production, 
desperately needing some 
great singing, more solid act- 
ing and a grand personality. 
Domingo is missed. 

Donald Erb's 1 97S Cello Con- 
certo belongs to that genre of 
large orchestral pieces that 
flourishes particularly pro- 
fusely in the United States. 
Borrowing the musical rheto- 
ric of Angst created largely by 
central European composers 
in response to their own 
difficult environments, the 
Americans create upbeat 
pieces which fluctuate be- 
tween brashness and pseudo- 
mysticism in a showy manner 
rather too obviously designed 
to titillate (but not to shock) 
non-specialist audiences. Such 
works do tend to rise and fall 
on a seasonal basis; usually 
written to fill the "new music 
slot” in the repertoire of the 
big-city orchestras, they are 
then superseded by next year’s 

Maria Ewing: tense, bizarre, „ ^ 

James R.OeStreich compelling I ics. accelerating pitch and KlCHarO IVIC 

. and an altogether different angle on the immortal gypsy 

Carmen Jones Joe's humiliation as he pushes but with dark, fal 

/-> -i i c , «• i. open the heavy plate-glass notes that belon; 

Crucible, aneniela doors and tries to wheedle his character as to no 

This concerto, however, is 
at the very least a marvel- 
lously eclectic vehicle for the 
extrovert virtuosity and big, 
buzzing tone of Lynn Harrell, 
the soloist in this British 
premiire. And its mosaic of 
siring glissandi and harmon- 
ics. accelerating pitch and 

chord oscillations, and colour- 
ful percussive effects — plus 
more distracting require- 
ments. like a vocal contribu- 
tion from tbe cellist (Harrell 
revealed quite a presentable 
baritone) — is organized highly 
efficiently. The transition 
from the slow middle section 
to the finale's busy complexity 
was especially dramatic. 

Erb sat a little awkwardly in 
what was otherwise an all- 
Tchaikovsky programme. 
Harrell gave a scintillating 
performance of the Variations 
on a Rococo Theme, artfully 
combining the heroic and the 
wistful. The American sopra- 
no Maggi Heihveil sang the 
Eugene Onegin Letter Scene 
with vibrant tone, especially 
in tbe top register; but young 
Tatiana sounded unusually 
phlegmatic in this character- 

The conductor, Richard 
Stamp, may not stray far from 
the conventional in interpre- 
tative terms, but his Academy 
of London invariably recruits 
outstanding players, including 
a fair proportion of London- 
based Americans. Having ac- 
companied neatly all evening, 
they ended with a splendidly 
robust account of the Sere- 
nade-in G 

Richard Morrison 

Theatre . 


flies, one gets a of Armand shows cool control 

whatever programme happens and elegance as well as speed. 

to be showing, and that chance 
element is unlikely often to be 
as fortuitously apt as it was at 
the premiere, when we caught 
a documentary about a man 
coming out of prison (more 
“bird”, you see), and heard a 
voice ask “Would Karen tike a 
cup of tea?” while Miss Gee 
was dancing. - 

Designs by Bodymap and 
Claries Atlas make the work 
look very handsome, especial- 
ly the white flamenco dresses 
and enormous wings for tbe 
two prettiest, most gifted 
young dancers in the compa- 
ny, ironically cast as two old 

arid Craig Randolph bounds 
energetically through some 
bouncy arid unusual leaps. 
Darryl Norton shows neat 
promise which needs a tittle 
more foroefiifoess to do him- 
self justice. Marguerite 
Keogh's music, like the tin- 
kling banalities to which danc- 
ers work in class, sounds 
modi better in this piano 
version than in its former 
orchestrated inflation. 

By splitting its forces be- 
tween two cities. Festival Bal- 
let gave no fewer than 16 
performances last week. 

Th^ J «Tmonen cans Quantity was met by quality, 
Aniv man in the cast. Oxford, where the larger con- 

__ .v« i., ih* met VAioiu, wacrc me l ai g ei wu- 

a .. tingent rave Coppelia, Nure- 

Craig Randolph, as a mon-- 

strously fat but nimble pig, has 
been given his come-uppance^ 
Premised with this was a 

- .-Cl Vnci. 

yev was imported as guest for 
two sights. 

La Verne E.Wflliams: the dark, fateful lower notes that 
belong to Carmen as to no other character 

He played up the comedy 

revival of Anion Dotin's Van- with neat timing, vivid facial 
at ions for Four, a showpiece expression and bubbling good 

for men which was created for humour. His wit and liveli- 
a Festival Ballet gala in 1957.. ness fit weB into Festival 


The Cramps 

Nowadays the high rhetorical Ballet’s production, and it was 
style of the evening parade a joy to see the folksy elements 

looks okl-fasftioned. but the of the choreography tirade so 



solos give generous opportune much of. Under his benign 
ty for bravura display, even if influence, Lucia Trugfia spar- 
today’s dancers have to strug- kted more brightly than ever 
gfe a little with the wide as. SwanOda. and Alexander 
variety of virtuoso steps tai- Grant’s wonderfully poetic Dr 
lor-made for The exceptionally Coppetius,- both funny and 
gifted original cast • sad. complemented them 

Ravmond Smith manages both. 

John Percivai 

It may come as some surprise 

that the Cramps, a paradigm 
of a cult band, are able to fill 



*A marvellous and very 
funny play” m*™, 

Lyttelton: Tbnight & Tomor at 7.45. 

Wort at QTR A- 7 45 

of a cult band, are able to fill 
the Odeon for three consecu- 
tive nights, but then certain 
cults, like some old movies, 
just run and run. 

It is ten years since the 
ghoulish singer Lux Interior 
and bis guitar-playing col- 
league Ivv Rorschach formed 
the group in New York, and 
eight years since they first 
visited Britain as part of Miles 
Copeland's expanding empire 
of acts. Since then they have 
flourished in the independent 
chan, playing to gradually 
increasing audiences irrespec- 
tive of changing trends. 

Oh stage they create a world 
of their own, a comic mock- 
Gothic twilight zone where 
they roam like papier mache 
gods. The bare-chested Lux, 
with, his dark-ringed eyes, 
black hair and pale com- 
plexionJooked like a reject 
from the Addams family, 
while Ivy in her chi-chi belly- 
dancer's rig could have 
stepped siraipn out of a Fry’s 
Turkish Delight commercial 
but for the guitar strapped 
round her neck. The new 
bassist a big-boned girl 
known as Fur. contributed to 

the gaiety with her preposter- 
ous parody of a Playboy 
bunny-girl, replete with Mohi- 
can "hair-style, fur-covered 
bra, bobbing tail and biker 
boots. Nick Knox, the drum- 
mer, looked normal. 

This vision of B-movie tat 
appropriately complemented 
their musical approach, a B- 
side package of morbid punk 
rockabilly with touches of 
Sixties surf-beat- and drain- 
water psychedelia. The ragged 
voodoo spirit was well cap- 
tured, and proved a lot of fun. 
as during “Blue Moon Baby”, 
when Ivy’s faltering, twanging 
guitar steered surfboards 
through swamps, or in “The 
Most Exalted Potentate of 
Love” where she brought 
Jonathan Richman's Egypt to 
the Hammer House of Horror. 
Fur livened things up with 
odd grotesque sequences of 
fuzz-boxed bass, while Knox 
bashed out minimal patterns 
with calm uninterest. 

Lux sang in an echoing, 
tuneless growl, throwing him- 
self about with the sort of 
disturbed abandon pioneered 
by that venerable patron of 
theatrical self-abuse Iggy Pop. 
“V'ou’ve got good taste". Lux 
congratulated the audience, 
and, as opened bottles of wine 
and broken bits of micro- 
phone-stands flew about the 
stage, it looked as if we were 
about to see a monster at fast. 
Unique, unspoilt glorious , 
trash. i 

David Sinclair 

Nowadays it is big news in the 
operatic world when Siegfried 
enters a time-warp or Rigo- 
letto gets co-opted into the 
Manhattan Mafia. Bui such 
directorial 'exploits pale in 
comparison with that of Oscar 
Hammerstein II who, in 1943. 
devised not only a modern 
American setting but an en- 
tirely new libretto for Carmen 
while remaining wholly faith- 
ful to the score and spirit of 
tbe original. 

Pre-empted by the 1954 
film version, the stage produc- 
tion never crossed the Atlantic 
and it has been left to Sheffield 
to present this long-delayed 
but well-timed European pre- 
miere: an event that catches 
the tide of opera-for-all with 
Broadway's most successful 
raid on the Metropolitan Op- 
era House. 

Famously, Carmen Jones 
takes place entirely inside 
black America, which denies it 
the ethnic tension between the 
Spanish militia and the gyp- 
sies. But the substitution of a 
group of wartime GIs and the 
girls from a parachute factory 
leaves the dramatic impera- 
tive intact It is still a world 
polarized between discipline 
and passion. Also, although 
this is before the emergence of 
Black Power. Joe and his 
buddies are serving in the 
while man's army to which 
Carmen presents a political as 
well as an erotic temptation. 
The shame of Bizet's Eton Jose 
is nothing in comparison to 
that of Hammerstein’s Joe, 
interrupting his dance with 
Carmen to confess that he has 
to catch the next bus. 

The plot uniquely combines 
all the apparatus of melodra- 
ma with total truthfulness to 
human behaviour, and this 
survives as well in the compa- 
ny of punters and prizefighters 
as it does with smugglers and 

The Crucible has a fine 
record with musicals and Ste- 
ven PimJott’s and dare 
Venables’s production is well 
up to standard. Its large 
company contains a high pro- 
portion of Americans with 
two or three outstandingly 
good voices. Choreography, 
by Carole Todd, makes thrill- 
ing spectacles from the Haba- 
nera and the Seguidilla. 

Alison Chiuy, normally a 
designer of the utmost auster- 
ity. contributes a highly de- 
railed series of pieces which 
establish Billy Pastor's bar and 
the boxing gym with the hard 
realism of a Hopper painting. 
After the wired gates of the 
first act the chrome and black 
of the gym come over as a 
gateway to freedom and the 
big time: and you can feel 

Joe's humiliation as he pushes 
open ihe heavy plate-glass 
doors and tries to wheedle his 
fur-coated mistress into aban- 
doning the gravy-train and 
coming home with him. 

Derek Lee Ragin plays him 
with a perpetual ingratiating 
smile, at first genuine — as 
though not able to believe his 
own luck — and then stiffening 
into a sickly grimace: an 
amiable, easy-going figure, 
pushed into the act of extreme 
violence of which only the 
weak are capable. 

His Carmen is La Verne 
EWilliams, a singer with a 
loudly unfocused top register 

but with dark, fateful lower 
notes that belong to this 
character as to no other. The 
essence of her tragedy is that 
she starts with no idea of being 
a tragic figure but as a fearless 
pleasure-lover who is well 
stacked and knows it, and 
excels in erotic teasing. She 
then proceeds towards the 
final knife-thrust with granite 

Husky (Escamillo) is disap- 
pointingly sung: but Maureen 
Braithwaite does precise musi- 
cal and dramatic justice to 
Cindy Lou (MicaelaX 

Irving Wardle 

£26 cash each day 
when the NHS can 
treat you, promptly. 

Up to £20,000 
private medical 
care a year 
when they cant. 

It can cost as little as 19p a day to arrange 
£20.000 of prompt private medical care. 

The alternative could be a verv long wait. 

You may well be wailing months -even 
years - for non-urgent treatment under the 
National Health Service. Simply because it is 
over-stretched and can’t cope with the demands 
made upon it. 

The other choice is to arrange prompt 
private medical care. For a matter of pennies a 
day. On a plan that even pays you £26 cash a 
dav when the NHS can help you quickly. 

Commit yourself to nothing. Send the cou- 
pon and give yourself and your family a choice. 

, Post it to: Health First .FREEPOST. Bournemouth, ? 
BH26BR.TeIephone: 0202 292464. \ 


I Phase send me full del 21 Is on hou I can arrange up to £20.000 of $ 

prompt pru-jtc medical care furcathofim familv I 

I To Health FirM.FR£ETO>T. Bournemouth. BHInBR K 

Name (Mrj.Mrs.'Mtssi 

'PL< <». I tffUlM-Lt *!>Li 

| Telephone- 

I PltfUso tick box far detail:, of our Platts lor Self-Employed I ] 
urCompamcs JJ — 


| W .M b 5 J 



f -SC-— * 



** ** * 

Fim PtttoUtod !7? 

£3bn tax Tunnellers seek hotel survivors 

the rich 
plan by 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

A £3 billion ami-poverty 
programme planned by the 
Labour Party would be fi- 
nanced by Britain's top wage 
earners who have benefited 
from tax concessions during 
the Thatcher years. 

Mr Roy Haitersley. shadow 
Chancellor or the Exchequer, 
has gained the support of 
Shadow Cabinet colleagues for 
the programme to be paid for 
"by recouping the tax conces- 
sions which have, over the 
past six years, been exclusive- 
ly enjoyed by the richest 5 per 
cent of taxpayers". 

The money raised would 
finance "considerable" in- 
creases in child benefit, pen- 
sions and other welfare 
payments for the worst oft 

Mr Hanersley's strategy, 
outlined to colleagues last 
week, emphasizes that the 
ami-poverty plan should be 
“discrete" because it would be 
financed from the 5 percent of 
highest earners. 

He proposes a £5 a week 
increase for single pensioners 
and £S for a married couple, at 
an extra cost of £1.000 mil- 
lion. A £3 per week increase in 
child benefit would cost 
£1.350 million, while extend- 
ed long-term rates of supple- 
mentary benefit to long-term 
unemployed would require a 
further £500 million. 

“The cost of the programme 
is less than the £3.6 billion 
which the richest 5 per cent 
have received. We should not 
give the misleading impres- 
sion that we intend to finance 
our anti-poverty programme 
simply by levying higher in- 
come tax on this group." 

In a table headed “Income 
Tax Cuts for the Rich" he sets 
out four tax concessions 
which he says have principally 
gone to the richest seclor.They 

• Higher-rate income tax 
cuts - worth £1.931 million a 

• Removal of investment in- 
come — £S75 million; 

• Capital gains tax cuts — 
£387 million; 

• Capital transfer tax cuts — 
£450 million. 


t ty 

the tow-caste whose niece controlled free food fcasdoDts. 

; -'M 

Workers inspecting the entrance to the tunnel through 
which engineers are trying to reach survivors. 

Singapore (Renter) — Two 
more Chinese survivors were 
pulled alive yesterday from the 
debris of a Singapore hotel 
after spending more than a day 
buried alive. 

Engineers tunnelling 
through tons of debris at the 
front of what was once the 
seven-storey New World Ho- 
tel broke through to the two 
men just before midnight 

The two latest survivors 
needed only brief treatment at 
a medical tent before being 
taken on stretchers to a heli- 
copter waiting to fly them to 

As they passed by under the 
arc lamps, hundreds of rescue 
workers cheered and dapped. 

Eleven people have now 
been brought alive from air 
pockets under the hotel, which 
caved in Just before noon on 

Among the original nine 
rescued, four are m hospital 
with severe injuries. Seven 
bodies have also been found 
and police think jnst under 60 
people are still entombed. 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 
Queen Elizabeth. The Queen 
Mother, presents Shamrock to 
the 1st Battalion Irish Guards at 
Chelsea Barracks. 1 1 .45. 

The Princess of Wales visits 
the Raedcn Centre, Midsiockei 
Road. Aberdeen. 11. 

Princess Anne opens the Busi- 
ness Travel '86 exhibition and 
conference at the Barbican Cen- 
tre. EC2, 1 1: and then presents 
the first awards of the Prison 
Service .Annual Award Scheme 
at Lambeth Palace. 12: and 
later, as Honorary Air Com- 
modore, Royal Air Force 
Lyneham. attends a Guest Night 
at the Officers’ Mess. Royal Air 
Force Lyneham, Wiltshire, 7.55. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patron, Counsel and Care for 

the Elderly, attends a luncheon 
at The House of Lords, 12.45. 

The Duke of Kent arrives at 
The Royal Opera House, 
Covent Garden for a perfor- 
mance of The Flying Dutch- 
man. 7.25. 

New exhibitions 
Changing mixed show of 
ceramics; Cre Ceramics, 4 Hol- 
land Sl W8: Mon to Sat. 10 to 6 
(ends April 17). 

Irish Banners and Badges; 
Upper St Gallery. 1 35 Upper Sl 
N 1 ; Mon to Fri 12 to 7.30 (ends 
March 22 1986). 

English Watercolours: .Alpine 
Gallery. 74 South Audley St. 
Wl; Mon to Fri 10 to 6, Tues 10 
to 9. Sat 10 to 2 (ends March 22). 


Concert by the Dartmouth 
College Chamber Singers from 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,995 


1 !n India, magnate moved 
repeatedly (4.3,5). 

9 Beat up swell on the South 
Bank (9). 

10 In reverse order for 
Tantalus's daughter (5). 

11 The church has money 
overseas for food (6). 

12 Van follower didn't trust 
them for being out of the 
ordinary (8). 

13 Shoemaker used hydrogen 
in compound (6). 

IS Poinwo-poinis not wanted 

18 "Respect was mingled with - 
"(Scon) (8). 

19 Char's speed (6). 

21 It’s dear 'e's got pull, being 
set free by detectives (8). 

23 Ships a girl into Sandhurst? 
On the contrary (6). 

26 Some grocer up the spout 

27 Those Haigha struck were 
Anglo-Saxon (9). 

28 Namby-pamby's doubly dry 
in the game (6-6). 


1 Also including scholar with 
small amount of weed (7). 

2 Measuring device en- 
countered by Cockney girl 

3 Great band leader? (9). 

4 Dig up missing past in 

5 Fruit in monarch's clutches 


6 Superhuman type of man 
executed by order (5). 

7 Journey to old city for Ca- 
nadian boatman (8). 

8 Present, past and future 
strains (6). 

14 It's bard to get real fur, 
sadly, in France (8). 

16 Painter given to making 
Christmas speeches? (9). 

17 One who wants to do well in 
part as drunk f SL 

18 He undermines the author 

( 6 ). 

20 Listen to, e.g. tittle-tattle (7). 

22 Perfect voice (5). 

24 Examine books for passage 
about university (5). 

25 Remain in support (4). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 16,994 
will appear 
next Saturday 

Concise crossword, page 10 

Police said that rescuers 
had talked to five more people 
stOI alive under the rabble, 
while engineers cutting 
through steel mesh and man- 
gled concrete said there may 
be more. 

At the back of the hotel two 
Britons and an Irishman were 
inching along a tiny tunnel to 
reach a mother and her small 
son who appeared to have 
fallen Grom an upper storey 
into a bank which collapsed 
into parked cars in the base- 

The trapped mother could 
be heard talking but her voice 
faded away soon after sbe said 
her son was nnwelL 

Mr David Stewart, a tunnel- 
ling engineer on a new under- 
ground rail project, said the 
three men were tryiasg to cat 
and crawl down a tiny passage 
through mangled concrete and 
broken glass to the survivors 
at the rear of the hotel. 

The three are Mr Michael 
Prendergast, from Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, Mr Tommy 
Gallacher from Donegal, and 

The wives 4 rebellion aided almost before it 

WUU4. a MVJ UOU UVVU AUWftW 1 1 — — 

gin from ibe foothills, to asktheir men to help 
with the heavy work usually assigned so 
women. The husbands put the wives in their 
place. But the teacher refused to give up. 

"St« toed the women to her hut with the 
treats, she had prep are d for. the. children, 
regaling them with tasty til-bits and with tales 
of the outside world, where husbands; worked 
as bard as their wives. But sbe was supposed to 
give government food only to children aud io 
pregnant mothers. The men, hoping she. tmgjte 
fae sacked, denounced her to the authorities for 
"stealing the rations". 

Her superiors encouraged her to per sist. The 
teacher was part of the Balwadr network 
established to improve the fores of the 
villagers. She tried to tell the men how to grow 
better crops, plant fruit trees and prevent 
losses . caused by vermin, but they paid no 
attention to a woman. Sbe taught foe wives to 

bfiA. s'r. 

Celeste Phua. aged 2Z whose sister works in the bank in the 
hotel building, weeps as she watches the rescue attempts. 

Mr Bryan Power from Lanca- 

Ail three work on 
Singapore’s $225 billion un- 
derground railway and volun- 
teered to try to reach the 
survivors quickly. 

They are being aided by foar 
Singapore workers using high 
pressure concrete-cutting wa- 
ter jets under the direction of 
Mr Jack Coady from Nor- 
wich, who heads Aqua Jet 

He said the three had so far 
m anag ed to ent along 10 feet of 
rabble to reach the waO of the 
bank, where fast-spreading 
cracks suddenly appeared sec- 
onds before the bnfldmg col- 

They were planning to cat 
upwards into a bank where rite 
mother and child seem 
trapped, but fallen beams and 
steel mesh from the reinforc- 
ing were all around than. 

more nourishing meals. But Suppvihe y owft 
woman who could have 1 benefited most from 
such hHp — her children wcreirodeiiKyttrisfa^£ ; 
emaciated, and almost continuously ifl —'was 
forbidden byher husband ro^anywterencar 
(he “Balwadr lad/YSte obeyed - fora time. 

When her husband left to seek work fo towh. 
Suppi felt free to disregard his commands^ She 
accepted gratefully the soya beam -had 
powdered milk the teacher gave to pregnant' 
mothers. When Suppi ga ve bert h again, the 
infant. proved to be mdre stnidy than any of 
her previous offipring. * 

Then the teacher was transferred and the 
village learned that one of its own women 
would be appointed to die posL. They knew 
that no fool woman had the necessary 
q ualificati ons, bat ah they cared about was 
that the Balwadi should pass on to the villagp 
the food die received from town, ft was a 
useful supplement for famines whose reserves 
rarely lasted until foe new harvest Nor did the 
more prosperous households turn np their; 
noses at it . 

No one was scr^j reo^ to 

a low-caste, but had made gowLand knew aH 
the right people. Unlike other v&agers, he bad 
received an education of sorts and had been 
my guide and counsellor when 1 first arrived 
five years agol When he was arrested on a 
trumped-up charge for frying, according -to 
some villagers, to oiganize the low-castes to 
stand up for their rights, I helped to obtain his 
release. The poor recognized him. as their 

ft wasn't long, before the Brahmins and 
Rajputs - the iagtrttties who suspected te 
motives — begnotoltirrne that Mangatnua 
was using bis position is the community (c 
cheat and cxpfoiLofoer fow-casies. But the 
people he was said to have wronged assured 


. whi sp er i ng new accosauons into myears, 
They giye op oaty when I said that l didn't be- 
' here them. • 

When I .re forms* «o Jbe vfflage recently, 
Suppi had acquired a new husband and had 
tea produced her sixth child. The baby was 
morearidyand malnourished than any ofher 
other children. Her father had previously beta 
one of Mangauam’s staunchest supporters, 
bat foe two men had fallen out while I was 
away. Now fee too was maligning foe ■ 
caste's champion. 

' When Sbppi went to coltocthcr rations from 
the Balwadi. be told me, Mangatram’s relative 
informed her that no thing? tod yet amyed 

food being deforced ami had sent Suppi back. . ;J 
r~Tpie BatoadjT he wrid me, “complains that Jr - 
tiiere isn't enough for everybody, but 1 saw her ; 
■distributing foe rations lo all her relatives, and . 
to no oocxisc. Sh e gave more io Mangstranfo . 
house than to any others." 

Good men's reputations 
besmirched groundlessly 

Hehad it in forMangairant, somevillagca 

said, and had invented it aB. Other villager* <- * 
claimed that Mangatram had deliberately ' 
nhtvirvrf rtw appointment for his mere social ' 
she would supply him with government food. ' 

- Bui I had no more reason to trust his enemiet ; 
now than in the past 

I had seen the reputation of more than one' 
eo6d man besmirched by. the groundless ; ' 
accusations which are foe stuff of viHjgt ']' 
politics. To me Mangatram was a sdfkss "! 
lighter against injustice and oppression. The ; * 
h^castes insisted he was nothing of the kind. 
“They would,” foe low-castes said, “wouldn't 
they V 

The pattern of foe conflict was typical of 4 
most offoeviUMes f had been to.lhoughtbe * 
issues might diner from place Id; place. On 
which side was foe truth here? 

lam still tryingto find oul In the meantime. . 
the children go without the food supplements " 
they need so badly. 

Not just here, but in other mountain 
villages, too. 

© Victor Zorza 1986 


New Hampshire. USA: St Anne 
and Si Agnes, Gresham Street. 
EC2. 1.10. 

Concert by foe Courtney Pine 
Quintet and Loose Tubes; Shaw 
Theatre, 100 Euston Rd, NWl, 

Recital by Janet Coxwell (so- 
prano), Prudence Raper (con- 
tralto) and Christopher Stokes 
(organ); St Martin-in-the-Flelds, 
Trafalgar Sq, 1.05. 

Concert by the Wind Quintet 
of Student Compositions; Con- 
cert Room, RoyaJ Academy of 
Music, Marylebone Rd, NWl, 

Organ recital by B Powell; 
The Birmingham and Midland 
Institute, Margaret St, Bir- 
mingham, 1. 

Recital by Rose Hilder (oboe) 
and Maurice Hodges (piano); 
Chesterton Community College, 
Cambridge, 7.30. 

Talks and Lectures 

Imposters who speak foe 
truth by Deacones Lena Prince; 
Liverpool Parish Church, Pier 
Head, 1.05. 

Discrimination against 
foreignness an essential prej- 
udice of the immune system by 
Prof Norman A Raidiffe; 
Taliesin Am Centre, Swansea, 

Nature notes 

Sparrow-hawks axe back at 
their nesting sites: they soar axt^ 
glide above a wood surveying 
the prospects, then dash in 
pursuit of small birds along the 
woodland edge- Woodpeckers: 
are drumming again, on dead 
branches and metal roofs. The 
great spotted woodpecker is a 
large black and white bird, with 
splashes of red; the less spotted 
woodpecker is a tiny, barred 
version of it Sometimes foe two 
species will drum in answer to 
each other. 

Many more birds are singing. 
Goidcrests have a song like a 
snatch of sound from a hum- 
ming top. usually heard from 
the depths of a fir or yew tree. 
Pied wagtails deliver their short, 
mibbled song from a barn root 
Blue tits evidently survived foe 
frosts very successfully. 

Pale, dead leaves arc blowing 
over the oakwood floor. A few 
snowdrops opened in January, 
but most of them are floweri ng 
now, very late, in broad white 
pools under the trees. The 
purple alder catkins are still 
hard, but hazel catkins are 

growing soft and yellow.DJM 



Acceptable Levels, film, John 
Davies (director); 1CA, Nash 
House. The Mall, SW1, 6.30. 

United Nations: The Chal- 
lenge Ahead, Chief Emeka 
Anyaoku (chair); Royal Institu- 
tion of Chartered Surveyors, 12 
Great George St, SW1, 6. 

Manuscripts and their place 
in medieval art by Penelope' 
Waflis. I. 


■ 1986 Camden Festival; for 
information enquire 0! 388 

Antique fain Town HalL, 
BakeweJL Derbyshire. 10 to 5. 

The Week’s Walks 

Today PoWteal London: Government 
and Paifiament, meet Embankment 
Underground. 11: Inside Dickons' Lon* 
don. meet HoRxmi Underground. 2: Tudor 
and Elizabethan London, meet Museum 
of London. 2.30; Haunted London. A 
Ghost Waft, meet StPauTs Underground. 

Tomorrow: Inns of Court England's 
Legal Heritage, meet Chancery Lena 
Underground (Octal office). 11: InsKte the 
London of Shakespeare and Pepys, meet 
Temple Underground. 2, Ghosts of the 
west End. meet Embankment Under- 
ground, 7 JO 

Wwtaesday: Treasures and Trivia of 
Royal Westminster, meet Green Petit 
Underground. 11; Legal London: Inside 
me Law Courts, mast Hoflxxn Under- 
ground. 2: An Historic Rib Walk. Betara- 
vta. meet Soane Sq Underground. 7.30. 

Thursday: Lawyers' London: inns of 
Court ana OU Bailey, meet Temple 
Underground, 10.30: Theatrical/ Literary 
Covent Garden, meet Hofeam Under- 
ground. Z Best of British Pubs Night, 
meet Bond Street Underground [del 
office). 7.30. 

Friday: A London Vfflage: Chaises, 
meet Slaane Square Underground. 11; 
Underworld London: Fagsis Friends, 
meet Museum of London. 2-30; An 
Hmonc Put) waBcJack The Wper Haunts, 
meet Aldgate Underground, r 30. 

Saturday- Shakespeare's London, 
meet Monument Underground. 1 1; Wost- 
ran&ier: 1000 Years of History, meet 
Wes t min ster Underground. Z London's 
Alleys and Odomes. meet 
Emb a nkment Underground. 2L30. 

Sunday: Picturesque Hampstead Vtt- 
lags and The Heam. meet Hanustesd 
Underground. 11: A Journey Through 
Tudor ana Stuart London, meet Emtwx- 
men! Underground. 11 : William 
SnaMspare s Rivei-mde Scene, meet 
Blackman Underground. 230; Pepys. 
me Plague and the Great Fire, meet 
Museum of London. 2JO. An Historic Pun 
Walk; Mayfair, mom Qraen Pare Under- 
ground, 7.30. 

Births: Kate Greenaway, il- 
lustrator, London, 1846; Mar- 
garet B midfield, first woman 
chairman of the Trades Union 
Congress (1923), first .woman 
Cabinet Minister (1929-31), 

Chard, Somerset, 1873; R T 
(Bobby) Jones, golfer, Atlanta, 

Georgia, 1902. 

Deaths: Daniel BernowtH, , 
mathematician, Basel, J782; i Hoim me* indue anj 
Christian Doppler, physicist, 1 The pr index dbsed uo 10.1 at 

Patrick. Apostle of the Irish . Friday. 

1360.7 on Friday. 

Li ghting -up time 

Undoa ft38 pm fio539 am 
Brietol 648pm to &48 am 
Edinburgh 6J0 pro to 5.51 am 
Manchester &4Spmto&47 am 
Penance 7.00 pm to (L00 am 

Aroaod Britain 


Son Rain 
hot in 

C F 
■ 4S doff 

8 4® ckiudy 
IT 52 bright 
O 43 sunny 
6 43 sunny 

6 43 iog 
6 43 tag 
- 6 43 fog 
5 «Mog 

5 41 tag 

8 46 bnght 

6 43 tog 
TO SO tog 
. x ■ r x 

10 50 smny 
* 46<taEtfa 
10 50 drizzle 
v 43 tanas 

. 8 « . dm 

7 4T drizzle 

9 48 Cloudy 
. S 45 dnzzle 
12 5< ttoody 
12 5* owdy 
12 54 maw 

12 54 bright 
- Tbase anrSi 




Times PettloUo lults are as fodowa: 

1 Times Portfolio Is free. Purchase 
of The Times Is not a condition or 
taking part. 

2 Times Portfolio list c o mpiiac r a 
group of public companies, vvpose 
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Stock Exchange prices page. The 
companies .compnsinq that list will 
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divided Into four grouvs of ten snares 
(1-10. 11-20. 21-3Q and 31-40) and 
every Portfolio care contains two 
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3 Times Portfolio •■dKTden d" wi ll be 
me figure in pence which represents 
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4 The daily dividend will be 
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a Times Portfolio list and details of 
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How to May - Daffy Dhrtdapd 
On each day your untaue set of djki 

numbers wm represent „ qoonnarcial 
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In the columns provided next to 
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After listing the price' changes of . 
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Add these together to determine 
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total matches the puMtohed 
wdend figure you have won 
or a share of me prize money 

for mat week, and must claim 

your prf» as instructed Below. 

How to etaim _ 

The Tw m* r e mote tun 
0294-93272 tot WM I'*""— — 1 

cloud; f .fair, r, 

Belfast f 

BYre gham c 

isr* c , 

CanSff- r 
Edinburgh .c 

Gtaogmv -c 

at midday yesterday: c, 

, refer s, sun. 

CF - . C F 

•348 Guernsey r 745 
1050 Inverness c 848 
“745 Jersey c 948 
948 London' .011254 
745 ttfachster r 846 
848 Newcastle r 745 
846 Jrwdmwy c 745- 

Parliament today 

Commons: Gas BiH, remaining 

Lonls: Museum of London Bill, 
xhiid.' leading; I j*n*nt Dameage 
Biill, second reading. Debate on 
overseas holidays skies: 

Bond winners 

WOehrepta Z_i _ 
BOflMTR 32 - 

SotOhses- .4.0 - 

li-fxmm ' x -x 
ShatMn fi2 
Boomemth .. 22 
Foote ' . 1.1 -- 
Swsoegw- Za 
We ymouth . 02 - 

Exmontti .005 
TWgnmotdh : -ojoZ 
Torquay * - . 

FMwotdk. 0.1024 
Pteuanco 0.7 0.12 
•tenay • SxA - 
ScMylalas .12022 

. . - . StnRate 

_ tea fer 

T»gt»7 *008 
CohsynSey . 12 

■ore reate • -0.02 
flnn g f ee -003 

Lewdest : &2 
mwmAkp( ■ i- 
Bristol {Cat) - 
.CBrHHICM) -0.02 

IU»a— « 

■Ccdu-Tyne 02021 
Caresto o.i - 

; U) 021 

1.7 - 

0U5 - 

St Andrews 

C P 
12 54 AH 
9 48 dn« 
to SO (to* 

TO 50 HUM 
T 45 tog 

II 52 Ot£$r 
9 48 non 
9 48 OooOi 
9 48 dowJf 
9 48 drnzM 
io 50 douay 

9 48 an 

8 48 dul 

9 48 ram 

10 50 doudr 

8 48 ran 
TO 50-rem 
TO 50 tan 

10 SO ran 

11 52 smwRi 

7 45 ran 
il 52.' cloudy 
14 57 teww 

8 «8 dul 

ii 52 cfiudr 

.11. 52 doody 

. • \ . ' Abroad . . 

fc®^Trc,ctoal;aciri^ Lfrtorrfg. tosr.reiKfc ten: an, ana* tthiyxtor. 

jtoualstow be aroeptmi seute. mere £(00,000 

You mu» 'have your card with you wtfo nun 
when you ntepnom. - . fron, Tj, 

H you are unabt* to Mephone ■ 
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The dr eam 
could be 

to meet 
over output’ 

From David Young, Genera 

. • - Tn» Maxwell Newton 
■ ; New York 

-"iTfes? American economy , is 
ftoded for a growth irate of 

less than 2 per cent in the first 

.quarter, way below the 
^consensiis^ forecast and the 
Ad m inistration’s forecast of J 

-to 4 jwr cent growth. All the 

.-economy-numbers have point- 
ed to this resalt, and have 
stimulated an extraordinary 
-boon in bond prices which 
driven the 30-year bond yield 
. .below 8 per cent 

The long-bond is expected 
to reach a yield of 7 per cent 
this year and the nearby T- 
bond futures contract is likely 
reach 106. At present this 
contract is about 97%. In mid- 
February i t stood at 84, 

Trade deficit 

Evidence of weakness In the 
economy » shown in retail 
sales,- industrial production, 
civilian employment, durable 
goods’ orders " and a record 
overseas trade deficit. 

Retail sates fell 0J percent 
last m o nth after a revised 
figure of 41.2 . per . cent in 
Jammy (originally reported 
as +0.1 per cent); industrial 
prodnetion last monthfefl 0i 
per cent after a revised decline 
of 0.1 per cent in January 
(originally reported as a rise of 
03 per cent); January's trade 
deficit of $16.46 billion 
(£1135 billion) was a record 
and the increase in February 
employment was a modest 
226,000, below the avenge 
monthly increase of 238,0CC 
daring the whole of last year. ■ 
The possibility of a reces- 
sion this year now seems a for 
more reasonable proposition 

. than it did at the end of last 
year when the monetarist- 
dominated “consensus” was 
forecasting a “surge of 
growth" in the first quarter of 
this year. Despite the 20 to 25 
per cent devaluation of the 
dollar since February last 
year, die US trade deficit has 
remained as big as ever. 

Many analysts do net be- 
lieve this problem can ; be 
cent devaluation of She dofiar 
combined with h Mpessnu^ so. 

that OS rto Tp gfflnmic growtfr 

■ tUs Year Tag Mn^-ftennbns: Pretax profits 

and that of her major trading 
partners 4s, say, : 4 per cent 

While both tibe bond market 
and the stock market have 
enjoyed large , gabs hi recorf 
weeks, the stock market now 
appears to be the more vnlnei^ 
aide. The market leader, IBM. 
has fallen front 158 to 150 in 
die last couple of weeks. The 
stock market is being support- 
ed by decBning interest rates, 
rather .than any notable profit- 
ability of American business. 

The present boom in the stock 

market is now 42 months oW, 
compared 1 with the post-war. 
average of 38 months. 

Much foreign baying of US 
stocks and bonds during toe 
boom that began in mid- 
February has arrested the 
deefine of the dollar. The New 
York cotton exchange index of 
the dottarfutores feu from 139 
on September 20 last year, to 
114 is late February. Since 
then . the June contract has 
re cov ere d to; 117.43 at -the 
dose on Thursday. 

More money 

Oner the stock market 
its inevitable dedtae, the 
laris likely to decline with ft as 
foreigners wfthdtatw their 

Ms -• 

.It me notable that the 
[announcement on Fridays of 
the drop In industrial produc- 
tion timing January, and Feb- 
ruary fed to a warge in dm 
currencies. March yen rose 
' *00 to 56^8, the equivalent of 
.. 176 to the dollar. This was a 
significant break in the yen 
' futures. 

j The US has been leading a 
dream edSUKt for the last 
five years, as increasingly 
targe trade deficits have been 
financed by trifling foreigners. 

As long as a growth tread of 

sorts could be continued and 
as long as US financial assets 
continued to appreciate, this 
pteasaftf grate of affairs odd 
continue. But now, the Ihnttsaf 
the stock market boom are 
being approached and at the 
wiitf time it is apparent that 
tte U5 trade deficit fc getting 

wane despite a hus® detahia- 

tien - - 

Americans may at iastoe 
approaching a pofet 
they can can no tong® 1 
consume more than tfcw ptj- 

j -n.! ..lin. M mrfirvi- 

doce. This applies to indrrid- 
oals» tocorpemtiens and tofite 

The Oigahizatibn of Petro-. 
leum Exporting Countries 
(Opec) yesterday renewed its 
attack on Britain for refusing 
to cooperate in cutting North 
Sea oil production to help ease 
the pressure on world oD 

And it has suggested that a 
meeting betweerrMrs Thatch- 
er and Sheikh Ahmed Zaki 
Ya mani, the Saudi' oil mini *. 

that -the British Government 
could not dictate to the oil 
companies in' the North Sea 
what their output should be. 

- British pohey has always 
been that -output from 1 the 
North Sea should be dictated 
by free market demand, al- 
though Opec still considers 
that the previous Energy Min- 
ister, Mr Nigel Lawson, gave a 
commitment in March 1983 

ter, may be sought to persuade that North ...Sea production 
the Prune Minister that foiling 1 would remain 'at its then level ‘ 
oil revenues are as bad for 
Britain, as they are for the 13 
Opec members. 

Sheikh Yamani said yester- 
day in Geneva that he is 
prepared to consider meeting 
anyone to find a solution to 
the oil price crisis. 

Although suggesting that 
prices may have to foil even 
further- be has quoted a figure 
of $8 a barrel - the Saudi oil 
minister said; “We must be 
prepared _ to explore all- 

A meeting between Sheikh 
Yamani, the architect of most 
of Opec’s recent policy, and 
Mrs Thatcher would take 
place on an informal basis and 
Britain would agreed to it only 
if Opec accepted beforehand 

of 23 million; barrels a day, 
instead of rising to its present 
average of2.7 milli on barrels a 

Opec has timed this week's 
meeting in Geneva to clash 
with Mr Lawson's Budget, 
knowing that uncertainty over 
the world oil price would have 
8 psychological if not a funda- 
mental effect on his calcula- 
tions. . 

Its ministerial meeting will 
be followed -on Wednesday by 
a meeting with non-member 
oil Dtoducers such as Mexico, 
Malaysia, Oman, Egypt and 
possibly India. 

.Norway bad suggested that 
it might attend, but reversed 
its position apparently after 

Sheikh Yamani in 



from the United 



Britain was not invited 
because Opec did not want to 
create a situation which would 
lead to an inevitable snub. 

However, Britain's coopera- 
tion was again called for 
yesterday by Dr Mana Saeed 
A1 Otaiba, the United Arab 
Emirates oil minister, who, 
with Sheikh Yamani, is lead- 
ing the element within Opec 
which is prepared to see prices 
foil further to secure an agree- 

ment on production which 
will be obeyed by all Opec 
members ana with which non- 
members can cooperate. 

He said: “If we don’t get 
together then the price is going 
to fall for below $] 0. There is a 
feeling that Opec should reach 
a new output agreement and 
after that has been agreed and 
obeyed then the non-Opec 
producers should respond." 

The president of Opec, Se- 
nor Arturo Grisami, the Vene- 
zuelan oil minister, said that 
he expected Opec to spend the 
next two days discussing the 
level at which its members feel 
they should defend their mar- 
ket share. 

Kuwait has put forward a 
proposal that each country 
should accept a cut m the 
output quota agreed on in 
London in March 1983, but 
that they should also accept 
that they must be strictly 
adhered to. 

Mr Grisanti said: “We 
know that many oil producing 
countries outside Opec are 
also concerned about the foil- 
ing oil price and 1 know that 
they are willing to help bring 
stability back to the market.” 

Monk may launch bid for 
rejuvenated W oolworth 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

Woolworth Holdings, 
whose subsidiaries indude the 
do-it-yourself B & Q stores, 
the Comet electrical discount 
5 and the chain ; of SOW: 
table high street stores, 
was said yesterday to be the 
subject of a possible takeover 
bid from the Dee Corporation. 

Although. Wool worth, 
which is . soon to lose its 
chairman and chid" executive, 
Mr John Beckett, has not yet 
been approached, Mr Alec 
Monk,-chairman of Dee, was 
said in one. report to be ready 

. Dee, imder theguiding hand 
of Mr -Monk; has expanded 
rapidly, arid its retailing, 
panes indode Gateway and 
tl® : 

year, which ends next month, 
arc expected to leap hy 40 per 
cent to £82 million. 

A leaner, more streamlined 
Woolworth is to announce its 
remits on March 26 when Mr 

- John Beckett: he leaves withprofitsup to £80 million 
Beckett, brother of Sir Terence fortunes of the- Woolworth 

•Beckett, director-general of 
Confederation of British 
Industry, will reveal pretax 
profits of around £80 million 
compared with £57 million a 
year ago. 

Mr Beckett is expected to 
announce a turoround in the 

high street stores, which made 
a £5 million loss last year. 
They are now said to have 
made a profit of £15 million. 

Woolworth shares rose 80p 
last week. They closed at 6 1 2p 
on Friday, which values the 
company at almost £1 billion. 

A £748m 
boost for 

By Ctar Industrial Editor 

Fifty-five tourism projects 
worth £1 35 million were com- 
plied in *' England in foe- 
second half of last year. And 
other major projects under 
construction dining that time 
accounted for another £613 
million of investment. 

The figures were given yes- 
terday in the latest survey by 
the English Tourist Board. Its 
chairman, Mr Duncan Bluck, 
said: “The level of investment 
in tourism and leisure contin- 
ues to grow and is a positive 
pointer to job prospects in the 
industry.” ... 

Leisure and sports develop- 
meats accounted f or £ 1 13- 
miiiwM of investment between 
July and December last year. 
Many were local -authority 

Schemes which have bene- 
fited from European Regional 
Development Fund grants are 
Blackpool’s £16 million 
Sandcastle leisure complex 
smH Bridlington's £4.3 million 
3-Bs all-weather entertain- 
ment centre, due to open in 

About £107 million . has 
gone into ailtural attractions. 
The biggest angle investment 
was £26 million for the rerar- 
bishmeni — due for comple- 
tion in June, 1987 - of the 
Victoria and Albert Museum. ■ 

; Some £57 million is being 
invested in new kotels, al- 
though only one is in central 
London with its pl ann ing 

Although there have been 
extensions and . refuibish- 
ments at other London hotels 
in recent years, the English 

Tonrist Board is worried at the 

lade of hotel building in the 

Exchange rate hopes 


exchange rates, according to 
foe latest Ir.terno/icrud Finem* 
ckrf Outlook bulletin from 
Lloyds Bank. . 

Governments in the indus- 
trial world, the bulletin sag, 
should fitid it easier to stabt- 
fi« their amtriBcies _ w 
absence of high inflation and 
latse interest rate diffi*eK«- 

Howevgfcjlgjvesa warning 
that infoe ston ran, exchange 

the bulletin the Budget will 
have a big imfHtot J* 
pound, especially if it includes 
acomnritmeHt to link sterling 
to. the European Monetary 

System. ^ . 

And the Opec mating w 
Geneva, it toys, ™|see ji 
- pnfli, though probably not 
successful” attempt to boost 
oil prices through production 

Clothing and textile 
exports rise 14% 

- By Teresa Poole * 

-'British dothmg and textile 
exports rose 14 i?er cent to 
£3.124 billion last year. 

Clothing was particularly 
buoyant, up 9 per cent in 
volume and 18 per cent in 
value, according to the British 
Textile Confederation’s re- 
view of 1985. 

Although the overall bal- 
ance of trade deficit increased 
by £41 million to £2.159 
billion, this marks a slowing in 
the pace of deterioration, de- 
spite a 9 per cent increase in 
the value of imports to more 
than £5 bUGou. • 

In clothing, Ireland re- 
mained foe largest single over- 
seas customer, for British 
■goods -but the main growth 
came from the US which 
increased its imports of Brit- 
ish dofoes -and knitwear- by 
more than a third. 

The US also consolidated 
its position as foe top import- 
er of British textiles, with a 

rise of more than a fifth in 

The most successful export 
product remains foe British 
sweater, with a 19 per cent 
increase to £240 million. 

In the light of foe imminent 
negotiations for foe renewal of 
the Multi Fibre Arrangement 
— an agreement on quotas 
governing world trade in tex- 
tiles — foe federation says that 
Third World imports will be 
sucked into foe EEC if foe US 
adopts the hardline MFA 
policy indicated by President 

British output has recov- 
ered strongly over foe past 
three years but clothing pro- 
duction is still slightly below 
pre-slump levels, while textile 
output is 20 per cent lower. 

Textile And Clothing Im- 
ports in 1985, published by the 
British Textile Confederation, 

DRI fears 
rapid oil 
price rise 
in 1988 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The sharp tall in oil prices is 
of major short-term benefit to 
foe world economy, according 
to simulations published to- 
day by DRI Europe, the 
economic forecasting group. 
But oil prices could again 
begin to rise rapidly in two 

The group has carried out 
foe simulations on foe basis of 
an oil price of SlOa barrel, foe 
first complete review of its 
kind since foe recent collapse 
in oil prices, DRI Europe says. 

On the simulated S 1 0 basis, 
oil markets again become tight 
by 1988, as foe Organization 
of Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries reaches 85 per cent of 
capacity. Prices may then 
sweep upwards. 

Meanwhile, there is a halv- 
ing of imports by Opec. Ex- 
porters in Europe, 
particularly, suffer from a 
contraction of markets in 
Opec, dampening the initial 
favourable effects of lower oil 

Despite this, the drop in oil 
prices has favourable net ef- 
fects on growth and inflation 
in foe industrialized countries. 
Talk of a “zero sum game,”in 
which foe favourable effects 
on growth in the industrial- 
ized world is offset by a drop 
in imports to the oil states is 
unrealistic, according to foe 
DRI simulations. 

By 1988 output in foe 
industrialized countries is 2 
per cent higher than it would 
have been. Inflation tails in 
1986 and 1987, but begins to 
rise in 1988 as faster growth 
draws bigger increases in 
wages and non-oil commodity 

For Britain the effects are 
different There is no increase 
in domestic spending and foe 
exchange rate tails, so the 
scope for lowering inflation is 
limi ted. 

But bon-oil exports rise to 
fill the balance of payments 
gap left by oil, and employ- 
ment rises at the expense of 
growth in real incomes for 
those now working. 

Spar drive aims to double 
; 8 till Late’ stores to 2,000 

gest operator 
stores, has started a drive 
aimed at more than doubling 
its . stores to about 2,000. It 
hopes to have 1,500 operating 
by the end of the year. 

This represents an escala- 
tion of competition in conve- 
nience .stores, which an 
increasing number of retailers 
see as the newly-emeigtng 
growth sector in grocery retail- 
ing complementary to the 
superstores boom. 

Aud it is bound to increase 
fears that there will soon be 
raoiaftigs antOUg thQSG TUSh- 
ing into the sector. 

Convenience stores open 
from early in* the morning 
until late • in the evening, 

including weekends, selling a 
wide range, of groceries includ- 
ing fresh foods, alcoholic 
drinks, newspapers and maga- 
zines and other household 
goods with services like video 
Iforaries. A growin g trend is to 
link convenience stores with 
petrol stations.' 

Spar,' an early convert to 
convenience stores, has 900 * 
such shops under the “8 till 
Late” banner .as well & about 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

convenience si ores in Britain 
will rise by foe end of this year 
to 3.000. By 1988 the number 
could well go to 5,000. It 
seems to me that there will be 
its franchisees foe plan to a lot of casualties along the 
refurbish stores, where appro- way.” 

Spar, the franchised grocery 2,000 traditional outlets dis- 
dain . which is Britain's big- playing foe Spar symboL 
gest operator- of convenience Spar's central organization 

is planning a series of 
roadshows to sell to more of 

priato to convenience store 
standard, backed by bigger 
Spar spending on advertising 
and other support services. 

Mr John Irish, chief execu- 
tive of Spar UK, said invest- 
ment at store level alone is 
expected to be more than £5 
million. This will be spending 
by the store- franchisees, al- 
though a Spar committee will 
help with equipment buying 
by negotiating subsidies and a 
financing scheme through foe 
National Westminster Bank is 
being expanded. There will 
also be free paint for stores 

needing a shopfront facelift. 

The convenience concept is 
paying off at Spar, according 
to Mr Irish. Average turnover 
at 8 till Late outlets is 70 per 
cent higher than at the other, 
more traditional Spar shops, 
with most of foe convenience 
outlets doubling their profits. 
A few have trebled or even 
quadrupled profits, be said. 

. Mr Irish added: *Tt looks 
likely that the number of 

Among the bigger conve- 
nience store chains, all with 50 
or more outlets, are foe 
Guinness subsidiary 7-Eleven, 
Southampton-based Missel- 
brook and Weston and 

Spenings started conve- 
nience stores in Britain and it 
has begun franchising outlets 
to achieve taster growth. Mace 
Wavy Line, another “symbol” 
group organized rather like 
Spar, has also been developing 
foe convenience concept 

So too has the Co-operative 
Wholesale Sodety(CWS), with 
the prospect of achieving a 
chain of several hundred out-* 
lets that would involve many 
of the independent retail co- 
operative societies. 

A number of oil companies, 
including Texaco, BP and 
Ultramar, are experimenting 
with convenience stores 
linked to petrol stations. 
Ultramar ana Spar have half a 
dozen UltraSpar outlets. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Popular capitalism, 
more than a gamble 

Wider share ownerhsip, the purpose 
behind Mrs Thatcher's image of 
“popular capitalism”, has been 
spread only skin-deep by the British 
Telecom flotation. A quick Budget 
facial tomorrow will, no doubt help 
to imprint it on the face of society. 
But we need to look for deeper roots 
of change if it is to develop from 
political fashion to national habit 

The purpose of “popular 
capitalism” is, after alt something 
more profound than the desire to 
divert the gambling instinct of the 
British from dogs and horses to bulls 
and bears. It is to break down the 
antithesis of profits and wages; to 
create an identity of interest between 
entrepreneurial success and public 
satisfaction. But it is also to build up 
income security through personally- 
owned assets which reduce depen- 
dence on the state and its network of 
benefits; and this is where the 
objectives may not always coincide. 

The starting point, of course, is the 
spread of house ownership - the 
definition of the “property-owning 
democracy” that took hold in the 
Macmillan era, and which Mrs 
Thatcher is now seeking to enlarge to 
encompass the ownership of financial 

The parallels are obvious. House 
ownership provided a stake in soci- 
ety, a sense of personal security, a 
lessening of dependence on the state. 
The Labour Party long underesti- 
mated the appetite for personal 
property in the sphere of housing; 
perhaps it is now similarly underesti- 
mating the desire for personal control 
of one's savings. But there is, in fact, a 
much more direct link between the 
two changes. 

In three generations, home owner- 
ship has spread from a mere 10 per 
cent of households to about 60 per 
cent As this change has taken place, 
there have naturally been, in each 
generation, more home-owners 
among the middle-aged than among 
their parents: but eventually it works 
its way through to the elderly. Within 
20 years, the Government’s stat- 
isticians calculate, about 70 per cent 
of the retired will be living in their 
own homes. 

This, in turn, means that roughly 
70 per cent of the nation's middle- 
aged will stand to inherit a personal 
asset from their parents. But as 
home-owning has spread, most of 
these beneficiaries will already own 
their own homes; even if their 
mortgages are not paid off under the 
present tax system it will be advanta- 
geous to them to go on borrowing 
while investing the proceeds of their 
parents’ property elsewhere. 

That phenomenon may already be 
apparent in the simultaneous rise in 
personal assets and liabilities we have 
seen in the past five years. It is, of 
course, also stimulated by the return 
of positive real interest rates. But this 
generational change in house-owning 
is likely, over the next 20 years, 

further to push up the trend in the 
personal ownership of financial as- 

Plainly, personal pension pro- 
vision is going to increase. It will be 
stimulated, in any case, by changes 
the Government is making in the 
state earnings-related scheme. These 
are designed not merely to encourage 
the growth of private, occupational 
schemes, but even more to encourage 
personal pensions. The key question, 
however, is the extent to which 
personal savers will have an appetite 
for risk. 

Until recently, the tax advantages 
encrusted on the pension system 
actively steered the individual away 
from risk. In order to qualify for 
“contracting-out” of the state earn- 
ings-related pension, occupational 
schemes had to offer benefits linked 
to salaries - not to the returns earned 
on the investments. One of the most 
significant changes proposed by Mr 
Norman Fowler is that private 
schemes will not have to guarantee a 
fixed level of benefits. 

This modest unlacing of the strait- 
jacket of pension investment allow us 
a freer choice; but that is not to say 
that the vast majority of savers want 
to take risks with their savings. Home 
ownership, of course, has involved 
risk; there have certainly been peri- 
ods during the past 75 years when 
mortgage-holders have seen their 
investments turn sour. But the 
housing market has been under- 
pinned by tax advantages; while the 
alternatives to house-ownership have 
become less and less attractive. 

In contrast, the financial markets 
offer a wide spectrum of assets, with 
vatying risks attached. Recent survey 
evidence suggests that the new breed 
of Telecom shareholder sees the stock 
market as a hobby; he (or increas- 
ingly, she) looks to the big institu- 
tions as a secure channel for savings. 
If that is the sentiment in a bull 
market, it can only be reinforced by a 
stock market slump. Which leads, 
perhaps, to two tentative conclu- 

The first is. that the Government 
should foster “popular capitalism” 
not merely through the single me- 
dium of personal share ownership 
but through equal encouragement of 
the ownership of all kinds of financial 
assets: the aim of individual indepen- 
dence is best served by allowing 
people to build up financial assets 
with which they personally feel 
secure. The second is that where the 
Government feels a clearer need to 
create an identity of interest - most 
signficantly, between an employee 
and the company he or she works for - 
then substantial and very specific 
incentives are called for. The two 
objectives can be pursued under a 
single slogan - just so long as their 
distinctive element are clearly under- 

s,ooi Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 



9 per cent CONVERSION STOCK, 2000 


Amount paid on issue £25.00 per cent 

Amount payable on Monday, 12th May 1986 £25.00 per cent 

Amount payable on Monday, 16th June 1986 £46.25 per cent 


This Slork a an inrexmertt tailing nithm Fan II of the First Schedule to the Frasier Investment* let I'm!, .ippiiraiton 
has hern made to ihe Council of TheSlod, E\channe lor the Stuck to hr admit nd to the OiKoal /.i«. 

The whole of [he Stock has been issued to the Bank of England on Min March 1986 at a price of £96 25 per 

cent. The a mown pod on issue was £25.00 per cent the amount payable on 12th May 1986 vril be £25.00 per 

cent end the amount payable on 16th June 1985 writ be £48.25 per cent 

The pmcipal of and merest on the Stock wil be a charge on the National Loans Func, with recourse to the 
Consofidated Fund of the U rated Kingdom. 

The Stock mrH be repaid at par on 3rd March 2000. 

The Stock wfll be registered at the Bank of England or at the Bank of Ireland. Belfast and wiE be transferable, in 
mutiipfos of one penny by instrument in wiTBng m accordance with the Slock Transfer Act 1963 Slock registered at 
the Bank of England held for the account ol members of the Central Gilts Office Service will also be transferable. <n 
multiples of one penny by exempt transfer at accordance with the Stock Transfer Act 1982 and the relevant 
subordinate legislation. Transfers writ be free of stamp duty. 

Interest wd be payable half-yearly on 3rd March and 3rd September. Income ra* wrfl be deducted horn payments 
of more than £5 per annum, inter eat warrants wd be transmitted by post. The fast atterest payment will be made 
on 3rd September 1SB6 at the rate of £2.7742 per £100 of the Stock. 

Stock or this issue and the interest payable thereon will be exempt from all Untied Kingdom taxation, present or 
future, so long as it is shown that the Stock is m the beneficial ownership of persons who are neither domiciled nor 
ordmonfy imoem at the limed Kingdom of Great Bntan and Northern Ireland. 

Further, the interest payable on Slock of itas issue will be exempt from United Kingdom income fax. present or 
fuiure. so long as it is shown that the Stock is si the beneficial ownership of persons who are not ordmanty resident 
m the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 

For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, persons are nor ordnanly resident m the Untied Kingdom if they 
are regarded as not ordi ra rity resident for the purposes of United Kingdom income tax 

Appftcanons for exemption from United Kingdom noome tax should be made m such form as may be required 
by the CornmissiaruRi of Intend Revenue. 

These exemptions w*9 not entitle a person to cfaen repayment of tax deducted from merest unless the claim to 
such repayment is made within the rime limit provided tor Such claims under mebme tax law; under the provisions of 
the Dtxes Menagemant Act 1870, Section 43 (if. no such dawn wd be outside itus rime kmn if it is made wirhin six 
years from the date on which the merest is payable, fri addition, ihese exemptions will not apply so as to exclude 
the merest from any computation for taxation purposes of the profits of any trade or business earned on in the United 
Kingdom. Moreover, the allowance of the exemptions h subraci to the provisions of any law. present or future, of the 
‘ | avoidance of taxation by persons domiciled, resident, or ordmanty resident in 
it. the merest wifi not be exempt from income tax where, under any such 
provision, n tans to ho treated tor the purpose of the Income Tax Acts as income of any person resxtent or ordmanty 
resident n the United Kingdom 

Mngoom nnoreaver. mo allowance ra unf ex mi ip cions k smtua co tub pcovrs 

U ruled Kingdom direcied to preventing avoidance of taxation by persons don 
the Unneo Kingdom, and, n particular, the interest wifi not be exempt fn 
provision, ft fells to be treated for the purpose of the Income Tax Acts as no 
resident m the United Kingdom 

Until payment m fun has been made and a completed registration form submitted 10 the Sank of England, the 
Stock wrif ba represented by lett am of allotment 

Payment in full may be made at any time prior to 16th June 1986 but no discount wtl be allowed on such 
payment. Interest may be charged on a day-to-day basis on any overdue amount wfveh may be accepted at a rate 
equal to the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate for seven day deposits m siarimg C LIBOR") plus 1 per cent per annum 
Such rate wdt be deiermmsd by the Bank of England by reference to market quotations, cm the due date for the 
relevant payment. (Or LIBOR obtained from such source or sources as the Bank of England shall consider appropriate 
Default m due payment of any amount n respect of the Stock will render the afioiment of such Stock liable to 
canceBauem and any amount previously paid liable io fori enure 

Letters of alloimera may be spit min denommanons of muh sties of C 100 on wnnen request teemed by me 
Bank of England. New Issues. Vtentng Street, London. EC4M 9AA on any date not later than 12th June 1986 Such 
requests must be signed and must Be accompanied by the letters of aUotment (but a fetter cannot be spin if any 
payment b overdue! 

Letters of oHotment must be surrendered for registration, accompanied by a completed registration form, when 
the find mstafmem is paid, unless payment m tut has been made before the due date, m which case they must he 
surrendered for registration not later than 16th June 1388 

Umi the dose of business on 30th July 1985, Stock issued m accordance wtth tNs prospectus will be known 
as 9 per rant Conversion Slock. 2000 "A The merest due on 3rd September 1986 wit be paid separately or. 
holdings of the warmg 3 per cant Conversion Slock. 2000 and on holdings of ’A" Stock as at me dose of business 
on 30m iJuty 1986 consequently, interest mandates, authorities for income rax exemption and other rtonficanons 
recorded m respect of hokfcngs of existing Stock win not be applied to the payment of interest due on 3rd September 
1986 on holdings of-A’ Stock 

The lasr day for lodgement at the Bank of England of transfers for registration as 'A' Slack will be 28th July 
1986 After this date, for purposes of certification, the 'A* Stock wifi not be dtsimgushnd from the existing 9 per 
ram Convention Stock 2000 From the opening of business on 31st July 1986 the "A" Slock will be amateamaied 
with fin mating Stock 

Copies of this nonce may be obtauted at the Bank of England, New issues. iVaihng Street London EC4M 9aa 
or en any of the Branches of the Bank of England, or at the Glasgow Aoencv of the Bank of England. 25 St 'i ircen 
Place. Gfcsjjoijt G1 2EB. at the Bark of Ireland. Moyne Buddings. 1st Floor 20 CaUender Street Belfast BT1 56\ 
at Mulens a Co 15 Moor gate. London EC2R 6 AN. or at any* office of The Stock Exchange in thp United kutaoom 
Government statement 

Attention is drawn to ihe statement issued by Her Matesry s Treasury on 29m May 1985 winch onpumed mat n 
the merest of me orderly conduct of hscal policy, rentier Her Majesty s Government not me Bank of Enqune nr mer 
respective. servants or agents undertake to disclose lax changes decided on Put no: yrn announced even where frvv 
may specifically affect the terms on whch or the conditions under which this Stock c» issued or sold by or on 
of the Government or the Bank ihat no rospon&hilitv can therefore be accented for any omastori to max* such 
disclosure, and that such Orrastaon shad neither render any transaction table to be sot aside r.or que nse ro arw cam 
for compensation 


LONDON urn Ma-ch '956 



We. the Im 

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the United Biscuits 

(This is the form it should take.) 

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SU«BEB‘ W ' 





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Vts?E^ s BOXjl- 



If you are an Imperial shareholder, the 
unanimous advice of your Board, fully supported 
by its financial advisers, Hambros Bank, is that you 
should accept the offer made by United Biscuits. 

In order to do this you should complete the 
white United Biscuits acceptance form immedi- 
ately. All forms should be returned by 3.00pm on 
Friday, 21st March 1986. 

which will ensure Imperial’s businesses continue 
to prosper. 

It is most important that every UB form of 
acceptance is despatched without delay That 
is the best way of repelling the unwelcome 
Hanson bid 


acceptance form, please telephone 0272-666961 

This is the way to ‘fctay with Imperial.” 

By accepting the UB offer, you will help 
create a major new British group, United Imperial, 

The directors of Imperial Group pic (including those who have delegated detailed supervision of this advertisement) have taken all reasonable care to ensure that the facts stated and opinions expressed are fair and accurate/The directors accqjf responsibility accordingly 

't -* ) ^ 

i nr. A 1 JV 1 £J> MON Pay makCH 1/ i9a6 


yellow submarine 

£8m riverside plan 
for tourist magnet 

By Derek Harris^ Industrial Editor 

Liverpool’s Festival Gar- 
dens, which had 34 ntiffion 
visitors Id 1984, its opening' 
year, isto become part of « 

across the Mersey from New 
Brighton to the garden festival . 

Under an agreement with the 
Merseyside Development Cor- 
# poratHKt at the weekend, 
Trans world Leisure, a London 
developer, is to spend £3 
million on improvements this 
year and a farther £5 nnUzoa 
next year. 

Initially Transworid win op- 
erate under licence, bat there 
will be a long-term -leasing 
arrangement after Transworid 
has invested fiS million. 

Theme park attractions, in- 
cluding pleasnre rides, are to be 
added to the festival site. 
Access is to be improved with 
changes at a hall and theatre in 

the grounds. The aim is to 
bring in around a million 
visitors a year. 

. Welcoming the ag r ee m ea t, 
which should lead to 200 jobs 
at the gardens this summer. Dr 
John Ritchie, the development 
corporation's dilrf executive, 
said: “ This will greatly help ns 
to establish the waterfront as 
one of the foremost tourist 
destinations in the United 

rransworid Leisure, with the 
recently-formed New Brighton 
Development Company, is also 
involved in a £65 million 
renewal scheme for the faded 
Victorian resort of New Brigh- 

A 40-acre seafront theme 
park and a covered water park 
are among the plans. This is 
expected to create abort 1,000 
foU-time jobs and another 
L000 part-time jobs. 

Ship freight rates 
slide again after 
decade of slump 

By Michael Baily, Transport Editor 

After more than 10 years of 
almost uninterrupted slump, 
shipowners have suffered an- 
other slide in freight rales in 
recent weeks. 

A dry cargo bulk carrier 
from the United -States to 
Europe earns about 56 a tonne 
compared with SO at the 
beginning of the year. A big 
tanker earns, in trade termin- 
ology. about Worldscale 23 
from the Persian Gulf to 
• Europe compared with 
Worldscale 32.5 iri January. 
These are rates at which few 
owners can make money.- - 

Two reasons, are given for 
the latest turn in the freight 
market: lower Wfi^^prices - 
which lower shipowner costs 
and pass the reduction straight 
on to charterers; and a further 
drop in cargo moving, reflect- 
ing the sfugpsh state of the 
world economy. 

Overhanging these tempo- 
rary factors is the continuing .. 
huge surplus of shipping sup- 
ply over demand. 

. According to the latest anal- 

1 ysis from NYK Research in 
Japan, more than a third of file 
world's dry cargo fleet and 
more than hailf the tanker fleet 
are surplus to requirements. 

NY1C estimates bulk carrier 
supply in 1986 at 231 million 
tonnes, and demand at only 
171 million — a surplus of 60 
million tonnes. Tanker supply 
is estimated at 257 million 
tonnes, and. supply at 166 
million - an even bigger gap. 

Wifit that sort of imbalance 
between -supply an d demand, little hope of the 
Bnd of sustained upturn in 
rates shipowners need. It is a 
top that has been building up 
i 3ra.since foe mid- 1.970s, and 
there has been little sign of a 
hjog-tettn improvement. 

The r ‘i0 ‘years' to 1983 
tanker demand in the crude mi 
Cades &n by 46 per -cent, but 
tanker fleet grew by 10 per 
c&U despiie heavy scrapping. 

.■ "SjOyer -.the same period dry 
hjdk traffic in the three main 

trades — ore, coal and grain - 
increased by 2 1 .5 per cent But 
the fleet grew by 82 per cent 

With a huge surplus of ships 
still overhanging the market, 
and slower growth in the two 
main bulk trades, oil and ore, 
there can be tittle short-term 
optimism. The ratio of oil 
consumption per unit of gross 
domestic product has already 
fallen from 0.46 to 0.31 from 
the 1970s to the 1980s, and by 
1990 it is expected to fall 
further to. 0.27. And, as the 
seed industry moves towards 
ever more efficient production - 
methods, scrap is increasingly 
displacing pig iron as a source 
.material, and. ore flows are. 
consnp^tly.rediiced: '• 

Theeflfectofall this, accord- 
ing to Mr JimDavis, shipping 
director at Klein wort Benson 
. and chairman of the Interna- 
tional Maritime Industries 

• Forum, is that “in the short 
term prospects remain . ex- 
tremely bad” 

But in the longer tom, he 
sees tight beginning to appear 
in the form of an im proved 
relationship between scrap- 
ping and building, resulting in 
a ' further reduction in the 
-world fleet - and hence 
surplus tonnage - if only 
banks, owners and the govem- 

• ments of shipbuilding states 
can exercise sdf-resirainL 

“If only people win get 
together on . a sensible ap- 
proach to scrapping, this could 
be the worst year, ’’says Mr 
Da vis. “Things are moving in 
the right direction.” 

Food takeover 

Conditional ’ terms have 
been agreed for Slater Foods 
to acquire the capital of Uncle 
Wong Food Products, a frozen 
and chilled food producer. 
Payment is to be through 1.5 
million Slater shares valued at 
a total of £2.1 million plus a 
further 4,000 shares for every 
£1.000 pretax profit by Unde 
Wong above £200.000 up to a 
maximum of 2.4 million 

Kn Enchanting Tapestry featuring 
a Bouquet of S pring Flowers 


ONLY £16.95 
& PKG 
PRICE £26.50 

This bcaurifid ammgemem 


Coats Anchor fi Best ^ bustard, Aqua. Salmon 

Ct SH. & corns, ctair 

forsook etc. Beautifully de- 
scais. laftte aLw* canon thread canvas and 

1 '- ra *'* tf.««gL»SW , | g^S 


KENT BR5 I LG. PtW _hlr_EJ-_BOLRNh._ _ 

■ \Z S f!Si SS 

PSftrtc send me Tapestry klUs> WQjWramds) ** £5. q 5_eaA 

Ptrasr send rac -So ample’*- Mari Order 

^ C ard 

Name — — — — - — - • 

Address • — • • 

SKre55!"Mm wfadded if nnsuiabfc. 


Base rate cuts: toe little and too late 

The Chancellor, of course, is 
alway’s hmbo dancing to- 
wards his monetary targets. 
Most of the time, the girth in 
credit has stopped him from 
straining beneath the wand. 
Finally, last October, in exas- 
peration, Mr- Nigd Lawson 
junked the entire apparatus 
and splashed about instead in 
the currency pooL Credit 
demand, in the meantime, 
just kept a growin’. 

A fresh turn to this touch- 
ing fable may well lake place 
tomorrow when the Chancel- 
lor fills the one spot each year 
which remains unquestion- 
ably his own — the Budget 
Collapsing oil revenues have 
tom a hole in his revenue 
projections, and, if reports 
speak true, the Chancellor 
plans to raise his borrowing 
targets to absorb the shortfall 
-This is a major divergence 
from the Medium Term Fi- 
nancial Strategy. But t o pre- 
serve the spirit of the MTFS 
enterprise, any loosening in 
targeted fiscal policy will be 
traded off against a notional 
tightening of monetary policy 
through the restoration of 
broad monetary targets. 

Well, that is the story. And 
should the collective jaw of 
the British fond manayr 
gape wide at this well-report- 
ed piece of speculation,then 
that jaw could be forgiven. 
Six months ago, markets were 
forced to go cold turkey on 
the Chancellor’s credibility, 
after £M3 targeting was sus- 
pended amid a plethora of 
official rodomontade. 

Yet the mere fact that the 
Chancellor is even toying 
with the idea of monetary 
targeting again illustrates the 
huge policy bind in which he 
has become enmeshed. Last 
October, it must have seemed 
like intelligence indeed to let 
foe dials rust until foe spring. 
Allow foe credit growth to 
marinade away gently in foe 
economy, his econometri- 
cians told him. 

The low output capability 
of foe economy means foal in 
about a year's time it will find 
itself Into the Stock Ex- 
change, just in time to plump 
up the market for asset sales. 
The Chancellor must be furi- 
ous- with his boffins now, 
after they underestimated foe 
transmission rate by a street. 
Judging by the way that last 
week's news ofbooming bank 
lending was paralleled by a 
surging stock market foe two 
have become virtually coinci- 
dent indicators. 

Spring mania in markets 
means that the bubble may 
have burst long before British 
Gas is ready for flotation. 
The problem of excess credit 
growth poses a real threat to 
the Chancellor’s 'negative ex- 
penditure plans. 

But the Chancellor faces 
pressure on another front. So 
rar, he has been unable to join 
in foe rate-cutting spree of foe 
rest of the Group of Five. The 
West Germans and foe 
Americans took risks when 
they cut their discount rates, 
principally because of ex- 
change rate fears. But none- 

theless. they were able to 
bring their money rales into 
line with reduced inflation 
expectations, and notionally 
at least, benefit their real 

Not so Britain, which has 
not felt able so fkr to follow 
suit for a host of reasons. 
Apprehension ahead of foe 
present Opec meeting will 
have played a part in foe 
decision to procrastinate; But 
so too will foe latest set of 
money supply numbers, 
which pointed to broad mon- 
ey growth of about 13 per 
cent a year, rocky PSBR 
trends, and a familiar high 
level of bank lending. 

Meanwhile, the accord be- 
tween the Group of Five has 
moved into a new phase. In 
foe United States, a series of 
bad numbers on retail sales 
and industrial production, 
coupled with low producer 
prices data, pushed bonds 
and equities into near-frenzy, 
as the traders hollered for 
cheaper money. But Switzer- 
land. significantly, has no 
intention, apparently, of cut- 
ting its discount rate. 

At a meeting last week of 
foe Bank for International 
Settlements, mid-European 
central bankers were ada- 
mant that no more rate cuts 
loomed on the horizon. 
Whatever foe Chancellor 
now does, he seems certain to 
risk offending either the Ger- 
man currency bloc or foe 
New York-Tokyo axis. And if 
he does nothing, he risks 
dropping out of the G5 club 

altogether, with all which foal 
means for fine borrowing 

German call and one- 
month rates firmed up last 
week The Chancellor may 
have missed the rate-cutting 
window, in the broadest 
sense of foe term. 

Intriguingly, the policy di- 
lemmas faced by the Chancel- 
lor were mirrored Iasi week 
by foe Bank of England in its 
dealing tactics. The Bank was 
at its most severe in the 
money markets. Shortages 
were large, about £l billion a 
day. and foe Bank deployed a 
series of manoeuvres to grind 
down expectations that a 1 
per cent rale cut was just 
around the corner 

The Bank did not succeed 
completely, since foe Trea- 
sury bill tender on Friday 
intimated that foe bouses 
were still looking for a cut of 
V* point in base rates. But the 
authorities made foe houses 
pay dearly for their opti- 
mism, by locking them into a 
series of sale and repurchase 
agreements which became 
progressively more expensive 
as the week went on. Very 
short period rates remained 
firm at over 13 per cent. 

To this sober picture of 
rectitude, foe Bank managed 
to add an element of skittish- 
ness through its funding 
move late on Friday. 

The new slock. Conversion 
9 per cent 2,000, or Little 
Greeks, will be available 
today in partly paid form. 

meaning that no less than 
four HP stocks are now 
churning away in the markeL 
This must account for some 
of foe huge volumes traded in 
gilts during foe past six 

The logic behind foe move 
is dear.The Bank wanted a 
stock on the shelf if Opec goes 
well. Failing that, it needed a 
tap to catcb foe traders after 
the Chancellor had sat down 
after presumably delivering a 
mouth-watering inflation 
forecast. Will foe market hear 
3 per cent, or better? 

But foe net effect oflaunch- 
ing such a stock successfully 
on the gilts market ought to 
be to drive long yields down 
still further. Given the Bank's 
activities at foe short end, 
this means that foe steepness 
of the yield curve increases 
rather than diminishes. And 
ibis in turn makes the market 
far more volatile, not least 
because the relationship be- 
tween money market rates 
and inflation hopes is grow- 
ing more distant, as opposed 
to more proximate. 

Traders scratched their 
heads at these apparent 
irreconcilable^, and they were 
right to cogitate in the lull of 
battle. Especially striking is 
the realization that London 
pits offer far less compensa- 
tion than German bonds. 
With German inflation below 
1 per cent, real yields in 
Germany are aboui 5 per 
cent. Add that figure back to 
British inflation, and a target 
yield zone of about 10'A per 

cent can be constructed, 
about one percentage point 
higher than foe current struc- 
ture of returns. 

The snap rationalization is 
that central banks are fighting 
back, after foe surprise policy- 
initiatives of the past few 
weeks. The Bank of England 
may well be spearheading foe 
counter-attack, since alone of 
all the central tanks, it has 
the most fundamental ex- 
cuse. in terms of excess credit 
growth and the need to sell 
new monetary targets to the t 
markets, for delaying falls in 

And traders know that 
once the Bank gets its hands 
on the policy levers, the short- : 
end may be disappointed, 
because the Bank will eke out 
the rate cuts. The long end is 
vulnerable anyway through 
international comparisons 
and the sudden departure of 
hot money from foe partly 
paid stocks. 

Traders should beware of a 
lo whipsaw factor in foe mar- 
ket. Base rates may fall this 
week, and they probabaly 
will. But on foe other hand, 
they might not, and even if 
they do. the next fall may be 
some time away. El negfecia 
soleni incendia sumere vires 
is as true now as it was a 
couple of thousand years ago. 
A bias in portfolios towards 
income, rather than capital 
growth may pay off in foe 
next few weeks. 

Christopher Dunn 

Royal Orion Bank 


51 countries 




■ft a ☆ * ☆ 



Promotions House stalked 
by revitalized WPP 

Corporate bids and take- 
overs on the Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market are running at as 
high a level as on the Big 

This is only to be expected 
as ratings on the secondary 
market have declined to a 
level at which they are attrac- 
tive to prospective purchasers 
and as USM chairmen discov- 
er that the joys of public status 
do not always compensate for 
the demands of such a role. 

An illustration of this trend 
came last week when one of 
the pioneer people businesses 
on the USM, Promotions 
House, found itself the target 
of an all-share bid from the 
acquisitive Wire and Plastic 
Products, a Kent manufactur- 

WPP had languished forgot- 
ten on the main market until 
last May when Mr Martin 
Sorrell, ‘finance director of 
Saatchi and Saatchi, and Mr 
Preston Rabl, a partner at 
Henderson Crosthwaite, the 
broker, took a 27 per cent 
stake with the aim of develop- 
ing the business into a diversi- 
fied services company. 

WPP has acquired two 
small private companies since 
November but the offer for 
Promotions House is much 
more ambitious and the 
company's first USM target 

Promotions House special- 
izes in providing incentive 
programmes for sales promo- 
tions, particularly in the travel 
markeL The value of the 
incentive is higher to the 
individual than the cost to 
Promotions House, which 

benefits from bulk discounts 
and hence draws its profits. 

Although below-the-line 
marketing services such as this 
company offers are perceived 
by the City as having tremen- 
dous growth potential Pro- 
motions House shares have 
not performed well because 
the management is poorly 
rated. The company came 
close to selling out to A & M 
Hire last year but could not 
agree terms. 

The market is looking for 
Promotions House to unveil 
pretax profits in the region of 
£1 million for 1985. WPFs 
offer of one share for i 5 values 
Promotions House shares at 
26'Ap, making an exit price 
earnings ratio of 1 1 times. 

The offer has not been 
agreed but. given that share- 
holders have the opportunity 
to trade in these uninspiring 
shares for the glamorous WPP 
paper where there is likely to 
be plenty of action, the bid 
looks assured of success. 

Another below-the-line 
marketing services specialist 
which wUI feature today is 
Counter Products Marketing, 
which is announcing its maid- 
en USM figures. It was floated 
in September. The company 
specializes in organizing field 
sales promotion teams and 
has a smaller but rapidly 
growing creative merchandis- 
ing consultancy. 

The pretax profit forecast in 
the prospectus was £1.04 mil- 
lion, giving earnings per share 
of 6.4p. This will be exceeded 

by an acceptable margin and 
the company looks set for £1.4 
million this year. The news 
appears to be discounted at 
the present share price of 

Another company unveiling 
dts first set of interim figures 
since flotation last year is 
Blanchards, interior designers 
to Middle East princes and 
potentates. The company was 
founded in 1972. offering a 
comprehensive service in inte- 
rior design, decorating and 
furnishings. Commissions 
typically include palaces, em- 
bassies and private hotels. 

From the beginning the 
company has had a predomi- 
nantly international client 
base: in the year before flota- 
tion the bulk of turnover and 
profit came from work for 
Middle East clients, and the 
potential risk which this repre- 
sents has kept the price- 
earnings ratio to a more 
modest level than is usually 
seen with design companies. 

In the past 18 months the 
group has made efforts to 
broaden its activities and to 
build up business in Britain. 
New divisions indude a Lon- 
don estate agency. Kitchen 
and bathroom showrooms in 
Bristol are also profitable. 

The retail business in Brit- 
ain has widened its geographi- 
cal base, and is benefiting 
from the vogue for refurbish- 
ment of country bouses. The 
latest extension of the busi- 
ness is in landscape design 
which began as a sideways 
development but has now 

reached a level at which it can 
stand as a subsidiary in its 
own right. 

At the halfway stage the 
market is looking for profits of 
more than £350.000. which 
would represent an advance of 
50 per cent on last year, and 
leaves the full year estimate of 
£750.000 looking conserva- 

Good news this week from 
Vkwplan, the Docklands 
company which hires televi- 
sion and audio visual equip- 
ment to broadcasting and 
television production compa- 
nies. The company has won a 
£300,000 contract with the US 
company. Home Box Office, 
to supply the bulk of the 
equipment for its TV village at 
Wimbledon this year, and the 
company is hoping to gain an 
even bigger contract for anoth- 
er overseas company. 

The shares were hammered 
in the market after unfav- 
ourable press comment on its 
depreciation charge (hire com- 
panies always find it difficult 
to satisfy the market that they 
are being sufficiently conser- 
vative and yet not over- 
providing for depreciation). 

Viewplan is likely to register 
a 40 per cent increase in pretax 
profits to £1 million this year 
(figures due in June) with a 
further advance to £1.5 mil- 
lion in 1987 as the benefits of 
heavy capital expenditure 
come through. Shares languish 
below the issue price at 98p 
and look a reasonable punt. 

Isabel Unsworth 


r . m c i*ijt ien 

C Company 

Pro Cbfle Gross Dm 
Usi on arv W 
Friday -m* panca ** WE 

366 9m A*onca 
119.7m Amar Too* 

191 Jm Ang Amar Sac 
54 4m rundown 
144.4m Atlantic Asms 
867m Sankara 
595m Berry 
238.Cm Br Assets 

31 9m B« Emtwa Sac 
2620m Brash lire 

Man Brunner- 
7B5m Charter Agency 
1262m Commend 
60.9m Crescent Japan 
1«7m Dartre Inc 
209m Do Cap 
114 3m Dreymn Cora 
264m Drayton Fre East 
TSZSbi Drayton Japan 
1579m Drayton Premar 

32 7m Din» Lion 
095m Earn a mar Asset 

4092m Eontxiph 
6i 4m Bacn Can 
305m Encmn Ini 
67 7m Engfan Scot 
1003m EnjjSsn NY 
1968m Envoi 
450m FS'C AOanCQ 
eaom F 8 C PaeAc, 
113m Fan* 

972m First Scot Amar 
— Fest Itn Gen 
908m Fleming Amencsn 
330m B^rimg Ctreor 

S (frn Ficmng EntBrarae 
®» Ftenmg Tat East 
15 5m FVnmq Hooguig 
S3 4m Ftemaig Japan 
200 Bra Flamng Ma nam a* 
100 5m Rammg Oman 
61 5m Rating Tacn 
798m Ftonwig Ureversal 
44i am For Col 
771m CSC Capital 
4i.4m GT Japan 
466m Genual Funds 
567m General Cons 
429m Qasgnw Stock 
576 An GOOfl 


£ Company 

Price cn'ga Gross a* 

I get an Or Yu 

Ftxay weak pence ^ P f£ 

2 B 43 4 - 

ii 3 en Gored Atlantic 




20 445 


• *10 


4.1 3*7 

151 Bra Gored Oriental 




20 838 


29 368 



23 625 


• -I 2 


27 513 

24 4 m G>ron*tir 


• ♦25 

0 * 

0 8 . 

• ♦* 


28 528 

10 Ira Gresham Host 




29 302 




0 7 .. 

992 m Harare* 




33 434 

11 ? 


39 0 3 5 421 

773 6 m H 4 (P) 

2 B 3 



49 290 


♦ 5 

1 5 

00 .. 

35 Era uiresMi Success 

S 63 



1.4 869 




44 34 8 

tsejra In, Cap 

254 i 

• ‘5 


25 727 

31 ’i 


22 430 




02 .. 



2090 S 02 SB 

47 6 ra Law Debenture 



43 25 S 


• +3 


3 * *23 

1023 a Lon Uerciiani Sac 

B 4 



50 164 


• ♦7 

320 34 41.8 ; 

EG 5 m Lon Trust 


6 la 92 224 



MOD *0365 1 

11971 d MercftanQ 



0 . 1 6 52 309 



03 . 

1456 m Mono 




18 839 


• +6 


98 149 

121 5 m Murray Income 



7 . 7 n 

52 274 

13 A 


183 8 m htotray 


• ♦3 

7 . 1 b 45 335 



14 3 

40 332 

73 5 m Murray Smrt 

+ 12 

39 n 

15 . 

• +2 
• ♦27 



10 .. 

00 .. | 

368 m Moray Vantora 

20 7 m Naw Caul 

4 ^ 





22 580 
40 280 



18 ? 

3 6 339 

5501.000 New Durum 00 



• ♦5 


09 .. 
30 347 




39 3*7 

65 2 m 192 B 





9 ti 

09 08 898 

4 60 3 2 48.1 

20 . 7 m Nwtnrag Inc 83 
505 m New Trtrya 


42 b 79 109 

1.1 05 . . 




16 773 

595 m Nai Attannc Sac 



15 89.1 



2 X 

14 430 

8180 X 100 M 7 i S 09 Assets 




10 79.1 


• +3 

24 509 

109 . 6 m ten Am 




• ♦* 

29 490 

833 ra Outvncn 




IJ 7 


19 76.1 

912CMOO Paotc Assets 


• +4 


10 910 




25 57.1 

Do Wmo 




00 " 
30 396 


♦ 1 


1.1 372 

59230 CO Pecsoral Assets 




• ♦1 


40 301 

104 3 m Flaeoun 



• +5 


4 7 295 

74 8 m Hirer A Merc 



55 70.7 



73 10.1 

38 *ra Rmr Plato 


• +3 


49 78.4 


• ♦22 


15 902 








• + 1 * 

1290 *0 391 

B* 2 « Bomnay 


• +2 


24 452 




14 _ 

26750 m Hewento 


i'l 44 4 


• +* 


29 47.9 

J 5 Ore Si ansews 


• ♦5 



+ 2 S 


00 .. 

28 a Ore Saxssn 


+ 12 


25 580 


• +3 


37 359 

164 3 ra Scot Awthcsn 


•+I 0 

9 . 7 b 13 413 

13 b 

• *7 


29 *5 0 

21 86.4 




27 513 




347 7 m SOM M qn 



107 b 22 56.4 




19*4 8 

1802 m Scot r« 

2 Jtt 



24 534 

• +* 


25 556 

132 BI Scot Mere A' 




61 200 



1201 m Second Akara 


• +16 

24 6 n 09 321 


• +7 


13 .. 

126501 Sec a ScotUnO 



El 9 D 

43 375 


• *S 


2 D 700 

3 n^t Sure g» 



170 22 445 




52 25.7 


re 1 } 


10 .. 


• +3 


28 527 

24 Xtol TO AusnSl 


♦ 1 


27 290 




42 328 

106 . 1 b TO «V Of Lon DM 111 

• ♦2 

56 b 50 31 1 


£ Company 

Pnce Ch ge dross Dm 
(M on rtv YU 
Friday pence % P/E 

65 3m 

100 an 
68 Sm 

244 0m 





22. (ka 
21 0m 

TO fad 8 Gan 164 
TO Nitm Res 220 
TO Norm America SB 
TO Pacttc Bamn ia8 
TO property 158 

TO Teen 113 

TR Trustees 163 

Tonpie Bn *163 

■nnogmonon 281 

Throg Secured C*p 350 
Trane Ocemfc. 180 

TTOme 129 

Tnplevest Inc 87 

US Oebenftn 254 

V4ong Resogrce* 55 

Westport 65 

Wnmrtxan Etwrgy 91 
wrnri 793 

Yeoman 320 







• 4-3 

• +8 

• +1 



• +12 

54b 29 4U 
10.7 49 28.0 
29b 27 497 
14 >0 .. 

53 33380 
25 22 61 7 
63b 39 381 
7.6 50 265 
119 42 336 

S3 31 45.1 
38 30 37JJ 
147 169 S3 
92 37 464 
22b 40 437 
22 34 488 
3 3 38 387 
42 22 689 
137b 43 330 



120 m 
134 3n 
3SJ Dm 

50 Am 

Aftroyd 8 am am ra 

Ameri ca n Express 


Breams Arrow 
Da4y UaJ 

Do 'A' 

Eng Trust 


F/cst Gp 
Goode (D 8 M) 
Henderson Artrtn 

M e cad e Haute 
Peohc m» Tn 
Do wm umi 

SMI Brothers 
























• -2 
• ♦20 
• ♦13 

250 37 109 


.. « 

















80 251 
.. 703 
42 182 
39 125 
37 374 

19 18.7 

36 14.7 
16 284 
87 110 
28 240 

20 167 
67 79 
59 10.1 
27 23.7 

37 SS 
00 81.7 

93 40226 

You’ve got two weeks to put location proposals to the Board* 

Scotland, as a general location, you’ve already looked at It’s always 
one of the first that conies to mind. 

But does any specific location here recommend itself clearly? 

Think of Edinburgh Castle, that country's most famous landmark, 
and remove yourself westwards for 15 minutes. 

You’re in Livingston, in beautiful rolling countryside 

You’re on the M8 Motorway, 30 minutes from Glasgow’s Airport 
and 10 from Edinburgh’s. 

You’ve got a choice of fully serviced industrial estates - including a 
hi-technology park- and a wide variety of available factories and offices. 

You’ve got neighbours. Over 250 of them Burroughs, Burr-Brown, 
Johnson & Johnson, Ferranti, NEC-to name just a few who are 
expanding vigorously. 

YouVe got specially dose research links with Edinburgh University, 
theWolfson Microelectronics Institute and Heriot Watts Computer 
Applications Services. 

YbuVe got Development Area status. 

Investment grants of up to 35%, rent-free 
periods of at least 2 years, plus European 
Community assistance. 

And you ve got us. 

A Development Corporation that can 
put together a detailed personalized prospec- 
tus on Livingston for your particular company 

In hours if you push the 
panic button. 

Could anything be dearer 
or more specific than that? | Europe’s most logical location. 

n: James Pollack, Commercial Director. Livingston 
Development Corporation. West Lothian EH54 6QA 
Tel: 0506 41-1177. 

Prove tnat Ln/mgston is themostlogical location for my 
company. We are/are not pushing the panic button 

Name : 

Position _ 

Postcode _ 

T 3 

BR names 
Cannon St 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

The British Raul Property 
Board has shortlisted seven 
developers to bid for the right 
to build 500,000 sq ft of offices 
above Cannon Street station, 
in the heart of the City of 

The competition is intense 
to develop offices in the 
Square Mile to meet the 
demands of the finan ci a l con- 
glomerates in time for big 
h ang- High prices are paid for 
sites coming on the markeL 

The British Rail Property 
Board wifl offer the successful 
developer a 250-year lease on 
the air rights above Cannon 
Street station. In return it 
expects to receive offers for the 
ground lease and a capital 
premium at a peppercorn rent 
with no review. 

The developers competing 
for the scheme are Rosehangh 
Stanhope, British Raff's part- 
ner in the hng Liverpool Street 
station redevelopment; 
Greycoat, which has built 
offices over Victoria Station 
and pb»»« to do the same at 
Charing Cross; Trafalgar 
House; MEPQ the Lysander 
Group with Eagle Star, the 
insurance company; 
Spey hawk; and NFC Proper- 
ties, the development arm erf 
the National Fragfat Consor- 
tium, in coqjonctton with Lon- 
don & Metropolitan Estates, 
the joint company of BaHbar 
Beatty and London & Edin- 
burgh Trust and Waterglade. 

A devel op ment brief has 
been drawn op by the prop e rty 
board's consultant, Matthews 
Goodman, the chartered sur- 


By Michael Prasti FtaanclarOHiespoiHl^ 

Tough proposals for control- banks as a practice note which range °T 

they wall be expected by the 

Bank of England to follow. 

Central bank sources admit 
that p utting precise figure to 
the sole of these risks is 

ling banks’ exposure to so- 
called off-bala nce-sheet 
transactions by placing them 
on the balance sheet have been 
made by a committee set up 

tiviues in which banks are 

The paper, which was 
drawn up by a sub-committee 
of the BIS’s Committee on 

made by a committee set up ^ ^ of , these risks is of the BIS’s Committee on 
by the Bank of International .. difficult But they- are certain Banking Regulations and Su- 
Settlements. that the scale is lug and that pervisory Practices, grades the 

The proposals of the com- i>ik» mmch«k m - x .anv> r»f risk nosed by the 

mittee, which is headed by Mr 
peter Cooke of the Bank of 
England, also cover balance 
sheet reporting and the setting 
up of parameters for assessing 
the risks involved. . = 

The proposals are designed . _ 

to lay to rest mounting fore ™>*f repnsems a significant: behind a third party - arc 
about the extent of banks'.. additional risk to banks fond- regarded as direct credit sub- 
exposure to a wide range of * n 8 strategies. •• : . - - - and therefore rated a 

mostly recently invented in- Mqrcov«\ the paper re *-«« **■.+ «« 

• ... t 1 scathing abour the way in 

including these exposures on 
the balance sheet will auto- 
matically cause banks to re- 
consider their activities in 
these markets. 

The paper says: “ The 
coisnntee has concluded that 
the rapid growth of commix-' 
xnents represents a significant 

of risk posed by tite 
different instruments as full 
risk” ‘’medium risk" and 
-low risk." The criterion is the 
extent of the bank’s credit 

So guarantees and accep- 
" tarices —when the bank stands 
behind a third 

struments in the options, fu- 
tures, guarantee and. 
securitization markets. But 
they could significantly in- 
crease banks' reporting . and 
managment control costs. . 

A consultative paper issued 
today and sent to more than 
100 central banks says bluntly; 
“The main conclusion of this 
paper is that the individual 
types of risk associated with 
most off-balance-sheet busi- 
ness are in principle no differ- 
ent from those associated with 
on-balance-sheet business.” 

The paper continues “It 
therefore suggests that off- 
balance-sheet risks caimtit and 

GroiipofTen . 
orders _ # . . 
urgent re view 
of reporting 

which Such exposures are 
reported, lx says: “Many su- 
pervisors consider that the. 
information ■ about off-bal- 
ance-sheet exposures present- 
ly supplied in banks* 
published accounts is general- 
ly insufficient to give share- 
holders and depositors a 
reasonable picture of banks’ 

should not be analysed sepa- ac ? v,t,cs - 
rately from the risks arising It concludes: Whatever de- 

fi-Am An .Ko1«mF*a elrnat knev. 

from on-balance-sheet busi- 
ness, but should be regarded 
as an integral part of banks* 
overall risk profiles.” 

It is likely that before the 
end of this year the main 
proposals outlined in the pa- 
per will be sent to British 

gree of detail is deemed neces- 
sary in different countries, 
supervisory authorities in the 
Group of Ten (the biggest 
industrial economies) intend 
to review their existing sys- 
tems of reporting as a matter 
of urgency to ensure that they 
adequately capture the full 

foil risk. But an endorsement 
to a bill which already has 
other banks' names on it is a 
low risk. 

The authors admit that 
assessing the risk posed by 
some instruments such as note 
jypianrw facilities and revolv- 
ing underwriting foci lines may 
depend on the nature of the 
commitment and the ability of 
the baok to handle it. 

The paper says: "The com- 
mittee recognises that some of 
the newer instruments — nota- 
bly NIFs (note issuance facili- 
ties) - have challenged the 
distinction between tradition- 
ally drawn contingents and 

It is stressed that the size of 
these new operations and the 
absence in some cases of 
proper accounting control can 
leave a bank unknowingly 
excessively exposed to a single 
counter party. It urges banks 
to have formal written policies 
for all trading and to take a 
worldwide consolidated ap- 
proach to risk supervisiion. 


Pilot OigvGross DM 
H on dt VV 
Friday nA panes % P/E . 


Pnca Oi ga Great oar 
tan 00 «» YW 

' waak panoa % P*E 

06 44 126 
2in 38159 
29 32 70 
38 35146 
31 81 136 


.. .. 119 

.. .. 21 

33 .10 37.7 
89 13 15.1 
107 25 272 
10 1.1 286 
14 19 138 

12ta Drtfrti 

a.0<7.ooa Daanar 

187tn Dencora 

4622000 Oaomans Bac 
4JT2900 Deway Warran 
225m Druck 
4954900 Dunacn . 

483900 : Do 128 
ii in Ealig Bad OpOca 
19ffi 000 ECdrttt - 
<5.710 Bin RnJ . • 

14 -I0--H5.- 
10 ■ 6X7142 
29 20120 
83: «0 .83 
W.7 97 70 
-1.1 14 94.1 

•03 13 170 
.17.1 94 - 

81 29129 
.. 181 
99- 26 182 


00# -26 .. 


29 125 

• +3 


29 223 





* m m 



14.0 49 





50 188 


115 .. 

7067.000 Brta 
3796900 Bntreala 5ac 
8198900 Br BUO«Badk 
8045900 BrartnaiM 
8700900 Brawn (Cnvla) 
6461900 Bryam (Darak) 

Brta Raaouro* 

1 642900 Business Camp 
1296900 CCA ‘ - 
123m CMC Mere 
8*2 29 00 CPS Comp 

5036.000 CPU Comp 
2D.7m CVD 

Catsaonan Off 

181m Cannon 
2619900 Canrerroaor 
540m Crntr* TV 
110m CJiancnry S«3 
3720000 Chndgrore Brepa 
556900 Q«m Msthorta 
81S5000 CMatara W 
1J15900 caor 
*748900 Orcaprx 
240m CWytorm Prop* 
2J01900 doore GrtO ctoli oa nags 
26 0m Cobra Emerald 
105a Cctorgan *« 
4.461900 Comp Fmaocrtl 
5496900 C o mpson 
10.1m Consrttans 
2788000 Cora Tam Invs 
74*8900 Confl MrcRwmr* 
6983900 CoaaOt 
140B cw 
5J18900 Crampnom 
SJOOMOO GrweOroa* 
5992900 cransMca 

8375.000 CraJon Lodga 
2318900 Crown M 
5.440900 Crufts 
5.436900 DBE To* 
8.773X100 DDT 
1982900 EU Sac Alarms 
7008900 [Wans 
2180000 Dt Bran (Mr* 

J &fcin Hoosa 

1.780900 OlM^Gp 


1,100900 ( 

12 Jb Grosrenor Sq i 
1980900 Guemsay AOartie 1 
2900900 HS Baa 
7985900 Hreaoan Hamac a re 
180m Hanon* 

590ZXXB Har»*y A. Tlwnp l 
147m Hamtach Ewopa 2 
294m Hawtrt Whang 4 
3034900 Healh Cam 
2.185900 Hantma 4 

1784900 Do A’ tV 0 
183m HkpvPow 4 

6920900 Pan t 

1960.000 Hotnon 

4.4T2900 HogpBB BOWS I 

4962.000 HaKWl MMM t 

1S0m Hoknaa £ UatHtet* 
Z7.4b Horn# OUMN0 1! 
260B OdA- V 

. 349a I to w a rd Group 2 

.2.701000 manrtao Bac 

224a Hinar Sart* 1< 
106a HurtajaTraeO Z 
8090900 IKSTEfi . .a 

41BD900 Mae 1 

131m 7* Sea Bwg, ■ ! 
5J46900 WraHod I 

149*1 Wa rmup* Taco Z 
1X171900 Wsra ston 
206900 00 7% : 

i90« tonal Uacfe 14 i 
8,159000 JSO r- - 
343a JS T 
144 - 

26 14339 

47 .31 07 

39 02200 

40 124 31 

.. ■■ a.- .82 - 

256 .. 

70 "37 108 
24 34 3BJ 
181 -.22 17.1 

49 31 104 
14 56.00. 
22 56 187 

50 84 142 

37 20 512- 
07 47 34.1 

32 70107 
30 10 222 

40 39 147 
40 46 102 
30 -37142— 


Brea cn'ga Gross B» 

IM an ow via 
FrnWy are* panca % FIE 

Z1 20 11.1 
46 42 256 . 
59 1.1234 
40 24 116 

• .46 27 100 

80 20 177 

.04 36 110 
-27 19316 
210 19 346 
32 16 17.8 

• 39 116 30 
„ fc '. . 32 

70 27146 

9S7.000 Jayptort 
2660000 Joosana 
7223900 Jo nn sa n 8 Jorg 
0025 900 Johrwone* PaSw 
3975900 JdK Fhober 
176m KU> 

9040000 Xma U0M» 






.. a 

.. 22 


23 250 



20 0S0 






50 1*0 



19 125 


.... 05 






70 9J 



4-7 ».7 

• +B 


IS 189 

• ♦2 


80 180 

5X61000 Kanym Sac* 

,a ssafi 


7000.000 Sregws Ww» 
BXJ79 .000 S4ppM P« 
4728000 Scama 
8258990 ScamrartC 

' 333a Scot l UrtoM a 

7272900 SacunmiM 
14*1.000 SatocTV 
9022000 SrandMck 
25 *a Sham Drug 9ns 
3778000 Snatoon Jana* 
277m Stmnnon Sac 
7.560900 Sianread Camp 
779*900 Sgman 

5789.000 Sms Catartog 
7.758000 SndB wa ring 
3177900 Stolara Food 
7408900 Snowdon Bndg* 

Sim Bta 

104m SW Raaonrons 
372*900 State Ta» 

2973.000 Spartra tea 
3.715900 Spactrum 
3881900 Sc>ca 


2xnaooo l 

104m StaMtoB 
11.8a Stortna Prti 
30*8000 Swam* Bart 
9450900 Suteteid (El) 

1.880.000 Swareon FT Map 
7020900 Synapta Comp 

140ai T * S Snai 
- 119m TDS Ctnam- 
793Z900 TM) Mian 
SySScOM Tay Horn** 
3300900 Taonrtan 
3200900 Taco Par Bat 
406*900 T*ch Como 
8-330000 Tato cm ap u Boa 
127m Tal Sara M 
96*2.000 Thareax 

380m Tharm Soanfic 
1.733000 Ttrerpac 
3678.030 Tmiv (Bom) 

3000.000 Tad (WSJ) 

237m Tpps Estmas 

2013000 Ttoamgred a Sae 
8L783000 TradafVonwtei 
252m Tranctewaod 
3171900 Tdfcn 
8078000 Tyre Taas A' 
203m UDO 

1411.000 im Garni re 
737m UM Fnwntfy 

4450900 Utd Padavng 
7982900 vain SiT 






'U ^ 

ire •♦« 
10’: +1 
2C8 -IS 
283 *5 


33 •♦3'i 

210 -a 

15S -3 


113 41 

12S -3 

20 -1 


s ’3 

'S 5 
2 s 






29 161 
10 146 
37 196 
.. . 81 
83 36450 

19 22 196 
40 29 138 
39 37 194 

830 20 254 

28 0.9 31.8 

60 SO 86 
IIP 33 231 
3BO 19 22 2 
00 09 80 
93 3 4 248 
78 4 6 10.1 

36 28206 
10 15 110 

10 59 20 

29 10 140 

34 “ 55 

49 43 140 
69 40208 

48* t>JO0 
29D 35 195 


10*n Viewpton 
iite wayns k 
B2900 Wefaber 1 
























r .. 





• -10 







_ .. . ter 108 . +1 

4952900 Wator Etodre 88 •♦} 

3924.000 Watec 16 'j 4': 

1088.000 Watt YortoWre 78 +8 

0418000 WUnarOr's Fcrjdt M B-2 

51^ WWaa 156 +8 

•821900 S’* 

2H5900 MMam [tea Mugs 23 r d+1 

iisssr ^ 

188*1 w» or Ureter 210 

160m wpa 98 

800900 Xytyjr 2004 

„ '50ra YafemManrer 145 

2050.000 Yahranan 33 

1.720X100 Yarx Moan 43. 

19S0900 Zygrt Dytamrcs 21 

04 18460 

40 76 113 

.. 400 
09 270 
23 199 
4.1 7 3 
18 230 


94 70 15.0 
43 20 269 
11 08167 

2 SB I B 200 

14 17 

370 IS 303 
29n 39 131 
4.IO 79 89 
39 28166 
00 03 
16 40 29.7 

69 36 192 

74 20 133 

1.6 24 140 

+30 160 81 AS 

+5 5.4 10 189 

.. 59 89 97 

419 218 44 .. 

• 42 4.9 47 53 

10 08 356 
10 19 12 
21 20 180 
33 30 107 
04 24 133 

6.7 7.3 103 
29 34 170 

29 19 166 

.. ..131 

13 6 5 180 

2$ 25 415 

33 40 104 

30 1 7 2AJ . 
24 36144 

• +2 

230 ia2Z3 

36 A4 123 

.. 09- 

Owing to technical difficulties, we 
are unable to include a lull list of. 
unlisted securities 

Profits soar to £3 .5m 
at Hawtal Whiting 

Hawtal Whiting Holdings, 
an industrial design company, 
doubled turnover to £26.17 
million in the year to Decem- 
ber 31, but gave a warning that 
£4 million of the increase 
arose from subcontracted 
tooling and assembly work on 
which there was only marginal 

Nonetheless, pretax profit 
soared from £21 1,000 to £3.52 
million, with most of the 
growth coming from the ex- 
pansion of British design oper- 

The dividend is increased 
from 1.5p 10 7p, 

Hawtal Whiting is engaged 

on nine important automobile 
design programmes, eight of 
them tor General Motors. 
This compares with four big 
programmes at the beginning 

Notwithstanding the de- 
cline of the dollar, the compa- 
ny did not make any pnce 
increases last year and Haims 
a competitive price advantage 
overcomelition in the United 

The first phase of the reloca- 
tion from Coventry to Leam- 
ington, Warwickshire, took 
place last January, and design 
engineering on the new site is 
fully operational 




TODAY - Interims; City of 
Aberdeen Land Association, 
London & Strathclyde Trust, 
MAI, Pennine Resources, 
Prestwich Holdings. Finals: 
Beatson Clark, Cambridge 
Electronic Industries, Charlie 
Browns Car Part Centres, 
Counter Products Marketing, 
Davidson Pearce Groap, Da- 
vies & Metcalfe, James Fisher 
& Sous, Thomas Jourdan, 
Metalrax. Pittard Group. 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
BM Group, Chambers & 
Fargus. S R Gent, Paterson, 
Zochonis. Finals: Automotive 
Products. Walter Duncan & 
Goodricke, Expamet interna- 
tional, Laing Properties. 
McLaughlin & Harvey, 
Norank Systems, Watmonghs 

WEDNESDAY — Interims: 
Armstrong Equipment, 
Logics, Geoige H Scholes, 
Sirdar, TSW-Televisron South 
West Holdings. Finals: Clyde 
Petroleum, DRG. Great 
Northern Telegraph, Hep- 
worth Ceramic. J Hewitt & 
Son (Fenton), Jamesons Choc- 

olates, Jones & Ship man, 
Leda Investment Trust, 
Macallan-Glenlivet, Hugh 
Mackay, Refuge Group* 
Remoloj Group, Stockley. 
THURSDAY — Interims: 
Barrett Developments, Blan- 
chards, HTV Group, LWT 
(Holdings), Pacific Sales 
Organisation, Sanderson Mur- 
ray & Elder, Sheldon Jones, F 
W Thorpe, Thomas Walker. 
Finals: Banro Industries, 
Boddingions* • Breweries, 
Britofl, Bronx Engineering, T 
Clarke, Consultants (Comput- 
er & FinancialLKode Interna- 
tional Legal & -General 
Group, Octopus Publishing, 
Ryan International, Sale 
Tilney. Sharpe & Fisher, 
Smith & Nephew Associated 
Companies, Superdrug Stores, 
Turner & Newall, Wickes. 
FRIDAY — Interims: Interna- 
tional City Holdings. Finals: 
Bestobell, Bestwood, Delta 
Group. Exco International 
Garfunkels Restaurants, Grat- 
tan, .-Highland & Lowlands 
Berhad, Thomas Robinson & 





Mam & Company 


Citibank Savinosf „ 
vi wds 

. 12 *% 


Consolidated Crds -.12w% 

Continential Trust — 12 w% 

Co-operative Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 12h% 

LLoyds Bank tZWh 

Nat Westminster 12n% 

Royal Bank of Scotland. __12h% 

TSB 12,% 

Citibank NA_ 12*% 

t Mortgage Base foe. ■?. 

The attraction is magnetic 
forsaocfanxfidanQDaHS . 

coDaa MLctnaCBtfstu^ Maaorof 

ficaoomJc OevdoiMDaUnad House 
S Georges Boad, Brisoi 83 5UY. 

‘ TcK0272)«l6^Tefa.j497H HffiDOfc 

Following the DIVIDEND DECLARATION by t] 
Company on 9 tfonuanr 198S NOTICE a now era 
that the ToUomng DISTRIBUTION will become^ 
able on or after 17 Mazdi 1986. : *** 

Gross. Distribution pet Unit *i en 

Less 15% USA Withholding Tax 0.525 cen 

Converted at $1,465 " ' 2375 cen 

tibnal- \ 

obtainable from that Office. . waai 

United Kingdom Banks and Members of the 
Exchange should mark payment of the dividend 
appropriate square on the back of the certific 
All other claimants must complete the soeeial fn 

Bank PLC. P^taT applicatkms t^iinot be acc 



u. gk 


V ,V- - * ,, 

computers in truck design. 

And in the past six years they have 
launched no less than 14 new models ranging 
from 6 tonnes to 250 tonnes. 

All of which explains why on average, 
over one million pounds worth of Levland 
trucks are sold everv working day. 

In January and February of 1986 Levland 
Trucks registered more, trucks in Britain than 

any other manufacturer. 

Last year they exported trucks worth £77 
million to Abu Dhabi, Zaire and 49 countries 

in between. 

In 1980 Leyland Trucks invested £62 
million in a brand new production plant and 
an R & D facility that pioneered the use of 

'*** i*,n' 

4 ^ 





From tout portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall lotaL Check 
this a against the daily dividend figure 

Capitalization and week’s change 

G Wished on this page. If it matches you 
ve won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began March 10. Dealings End March 27.§ Contango Day April 21. Settlement Day. April 7. 

§ Forward Bai^ains are permined on two previous days 

Q T lu«a?u« tM ad 


. £4,000 . . .. 

Claims required for 
+53 points • 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



Eteoramc Rentals 

05 Sm Unon 





593 , 

35 Sm Waoor 

1,171 to (VMH F4ma 




163 | 




190 i 

253m wmmnt 


• +3S 






First Castle 



French (Thomas) 



Jourdan (Thomas) 

htnwHn Ltd. Daib Total 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £«W).00U in 
Saturday's newspaper. 

rarararararai m 


l Abnosacith 240 +2 10 00 . . 

MSI Muna IBZ -J 17 0 as 80 

Amotagasta 330 +30 275 72 15 

Bvridey T«fl 153 «+12 

Gambia OZ'i -1 15.7 o.r . . 

Cmwoor 233 +35 5J 24 370 

Cwtwav 26 

Eqrniy IBM 23 +3S 1 3 5.7 1DJ 

Hambro 233 «-3 109 45 334 

Ivory 0 Sana 167 +1 6.1 3.7 28.1 

i MajmSa 176 +3 60 SI Si 

Nat Home beau 45 *5 

i Do 6% G43 »+l 800 180 

Eq«iy a Ban 
i Hamtjru 


+,1. iV+ar 

4M U U 

• . • . ; . . 

264 77 T2-7 

1M W3 40 
isa 45 tao 
as as as 

67 30 473 
OS 3J 33 
72.1 6.1 45 

. 1.4 ao . &2 

*.f . u . . 

at at tc.7 

. i .. . 

43 172 .. 
174 VL2 60 

ta SO 76 


Z28 4ft . 
SOD 67 SI 
120 60 60 

. .. 161 
143 135 30 
.. .. 218 
ISO 70 73 





• ' • 










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5072000 Barr 3 WA ‘K 114 

w issFt&ar*" is 

Zd joi Brent Wbmt kw 

1095m ftrai Laoma 422 

235m GHA 54-j 

1095m Firm Lamm 
235m GHA 

933000 HanUuraar Breaks 73 
606m Haraon Trami ■ 122. 

64 0m mi IMtra 
14 in JKana's tfdgs 
3.1MUM0 MaWn t ar 
2433m RWHHaiim 
393m Mb UuU 
9309JU0 raoy Lamm 
376m Saga Hxdiya 
663m Swmrebcn Gp 
4.774000 Tottenham Hotspur 
9,704400 ZMmrs 

103 80 BO 
.. ■ .. 105 
7.6 72 02 
14 25 14.7 

to 30130 
107 25 162 
.. 660 
. . 47.7 
S3 52237 
63 56 92 

30 35 134 
70 51 103 
60 26 205 

46 10 310 


.. a .. as 

66 32 17.7 

5* 1.1 .. 



299 m Angfca TV 'A' 
5314.000 &inp*en 
* 05 m HTV hyv 
54 3 m LWT rtogs 
22 . 6 m Sent TV A' 
44 Sm TVS NJV 
6425000 TSW 

215 S+5 120 60 151 

41 +5 24 50 93 

200 +15 110 55 SI 

31 B +25 20. B 65 120 

267 +S 12.7 4.8 108 

105 a+io 114 62 BlS 

39 +1 24 62 10.7 

2597 4m GraM MM 375 S +1 130 35 125 

412m Kamaev Imw 285 *17 21 00 137 

7150ai Laonreka 347 -17 161 40165 

233m ion Park Hotels 465 +5 143 3.1 20.1 

201 4m Mount CMMna 93'j +fl' T 29 2.1 1*9 

10 7m Pnoos Of 1\MkJMtS 67 +10 2.1 24 15 7 

1233m Qumus Moat 75 +7 £2b 29 205 

110.1m Savoy HOWS 'A' 398 +5 35 09 199 

1777m Sawa 77 *+6 17 22 199 

1.4905m Truamwaa Fkrna 191 «*31 75 4.1 160 

A - D 



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49 112 



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1 *B B«ri 313 

i Ampraa 435 

: Aorwr Co m p u nw 97 
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1 Aoatmc COWS 270 
I AuTfch Flatty «6 

1 Amo 9ec ITS 

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I BowmxtM 484 

I Br Tawcom Mp o 316 
t Ebemn Satan MM 101 


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69 22 299 
85 27 133 
61 27 164 

350 57 65 
39 43102 
. . . . 283 

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19 55 107 
142 73 133 


74 113 55 
59 3 1 200 
43 25 213 
130 3.4 107 
11.1b 26 219 
07 00 119 
12 31 453 
135*1 35 191 
62 21 267 
20 52 11.1 

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65 14 202 
43 65 7.7 

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43 45 137 
29 39 WJ 
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245 3.6 103 

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01 07 64 

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121 4 A 159 

4.4 44 113 

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75 59123 
14 24 602 

129 5.0 126 

11.4 S3 122 
1S.0 4.1 139 

09 U 220 

139 29 165 
.. 425 
67 135 
59 11.8 
03 4i.6 
09 259 
40 103 
57 123 
37 154 










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• +2 


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™“"2 358 m-to 63 26 HI 

. Omar Beam iao +8 , .13 1 .73 9* 

HMOWn.SlW 34 . +1: 01*91 77 

Laettwr Hp-ar* IS +ta . 72 3.7 109 

3.195900 Namootl a Bunan . 76 m -8 - 44 &5 220 

-TO-Tia Pmant . “ 88 +7 55 69 64 

2^2 US* * n-,,r £2 ' m7 - 7 i a* 

■■■ 440m Sym- ..... .-28S-.:-. .-i+aa 64 27260 

' ^ ■ • -t 

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1 AaxK'NMsmpar 
1 craw 

1 Coins (Wml 

1 0» -A- 

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1 Haynn Puohstsng 
1 Nona Coomh* 

1 Doodh ■ 

1 Pmmjoi.Suna 


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-6 325 

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. +2 . 47 

• -5 200 

+13 67 

• . 120 . 
+20 143 

• +1 145 

+40 62 

-a or 

..+18 T74 
+7 229 


5.793 Ora BAT 


an . .+30 357 40 63 

■ • ' 332 •.+10. 17.1 53 123 

183 • +» M . so 54 



. •/ A- 

■ * ^:.i 






• 7>Vv 





Unbelievable as it seems, this is where an IBM Customer Engineer starts work on a computer 

At IBM there's more to Customer Engineering 
. .. .. ratv i rf the eye. For instance: our ehgineers actually 
alongside the people who design and build our 
c-^mrwLers. So they ran bring their held experience to 
b»\ir on the way our computers are made, as well as 

developing maintenance programmes. 

If ihev see a potential maintenance problem 
looming up in a design they can nip it in the hud 

before the first machine is ever built 

They also make sure that a complete maintenance 
programme is ready to go into operation before any new 
machine ever goes on the market 

So spare parts and test equipment are ready to 
support you right from day one. 

If a problem does occur. IBM Customer Engineers 
can refer all the way back to our man atthe drawing board 

if necessary. \Xe believe that on] v IBM can offer you this 
depth of expertise. After all. we knew even thing about 
(he servicing ot your computer it was even built. 

For further information conte t: 

Tonv Had field. Customer F.nirineers 1 .^ I Centre. 
IBM United Kingdom Limited. — — ■»- — » «— 

41 1- Chiswick High Road. London “ ™r= 

\Y4 5TE Telephone: 01-747 0747. tfh-Z-TlfE “ Ez 



T he City has never been more alive and 
bubbling with new ideas. 

The lively takeover battles advertised 
almost daily are visible signs of the growth 
of financial advertising and PR. 

The result? More jobs. 

have a presence in the world's biggest 
banking centre. The result? More jobs. 

Right now hundreds of City firms are 
recruiting in readiness for the Big Bang. 
The result? More jobs. 

If you have first class skills, the City is 

All major foreign banks know they must where you should be, Fiona. 

, tw rvnA vhen senior Secretaries 
4 My luck changed* Fion** 

introduced me to the City .9 

' KC 'i J* , _ . m 

VS \ \\ / / 



£ 11.000 

Thwt wi# b* no nt«d for la plums 
da m tanio' in thii Covant Gatdan 
fmn of Management Consultant! a* 
they have H» latest word 
processor* but you will need to 
speak fluent French and Spanish. 
The Managing Director needs you to 
help him and another director with a 
range of enportanf duties including 
ocganSsmg internal meetings, 
tiamlaliom and many Public 
Relations responsibXties. You urii 
need W P and shorthand skiBs in afl 
the languages and at least 10 yean 
secretarial oapa ria nc a . 

174 New Bend Stmt. W.l. 



P.CCluilmt.TI Cpni--I^t 5 m 

01-491 7100 ->'<A 

\ <■ 


- SeniorW 




£10,000 negotiable 

Involvement is the key word 
for this exciting position 
working in a small PR/ 
marketing consultancy in EL 
You will be part of young, 
dynamic team who are 
responsible for promoting 
the Docklands area. 
Enthusiasm, initiative and a 
smart presentation will be 
essential when dealing with a 
wide variety of clients. 
Accurals s/h. typing and 
knowledge of WP are 
required. Age 21-27. . 

Telephone 01-606 1611 




Secretaries I I 


circa £124)00 + package 

A senior director in a leading International bank needs a hue PA 
who already has some experience of the fast moving world of me 
London money market Prof ess ionafism. Initiative, _ energy and self 
confidence: these are the qualities most essential. Age Mff 
26/32. skills 110/65. wort processing c rn j nt *S 
experience required. OtlHW^w 

Telephone: 01-006 1011 SfiCfCtArfeS 


circa £11,000 + bonus/beneffls 

Beil at.fta'tagmrana sow#} up secretawtf systems as rote band w a newly 
appointed manboanT terctox. You need realty pood aocrtfenal stabs. -and can 
operate a Wang m be irffuig to .team. You must not bp tautened by taures 
because numeracy is a lequrems* in tin most important post. Tran 
s a 'mMme ot work and client e n te r ta i u ng. The successful candidate 
will be 25/35. oood vrth people, wH omansed ant ■ -••*-. ; ■ . ----- 

smart. Thfc ny job- in a' head office. tean, 1 p, • TITT 
dealing with Insurance business m Britain and ' SpniAT Sfgf 
Austrata te an outstanding appotfenty for the kAJUUI 

aarnutu n Secretaries 

nenuenot c miun 

£74)00 . US Bank 

This is the right start for you 
if you’re lively, enthusiastic 
and willing to tackle a variety 
of duties, many of them con- 
fidential Your accurate typ- 
ing and ability to see projects 
through will make' you an in- 
valuable asset m this busy 
Personnel Department of a 
major American bank. It is an 
opportunity to become thor- 
oughly Involved and fuH word 
processing"" training ;js 
ottered. . . . 

Telephone: Di-60S.3S1f 


it you have the nght skills, 
there s kks of welt paid tem- 
porary assrjnmeflis in. the 1 
Square Mite w&ttmq for you.- 
Apart Trent secretarial skills it 
would be viomterfnl if you were 

on hrst name terms with Wf*s 
and PCs. such as Wangs. IBM 
PC writ Mufomale. every kind 
of Olivetti, Digital-. Wordstar 
and Wortotex. 

t you deteygwmq uff a rmq. \ 
yoate not just losing lime, 
yoo re- feeing money! 

’ Tet^beae DI-erer lfill : 


- * > * 

Secretaries I l Secretaries 

bntm caiu am. 


Up to £10.000 + good reviews 
Due io the oucfc promotion of hs to 
secretary, ttas brtani mtemaoorial 
buswssman a tookng for another PA. 
Working for a 'real gentlem a n' you wft 
enjoy masses of cfiam contact, 
nvotvement with taghly co n f rier m d 
manprs and a reedy super fnendy office 
atmosphere To taka advantage of As 
lucrative opportunity you must be aged 
24-30. have state of 90/50. a sound 
education and be wel presented. 

■ 01-379 3515 ■ 

Go West - With German 

Do you enjoy working in a busy office? Can you take pressure and 
want to use your German a lot? Then this is your job) Good 
secretarial skills with shorthand in English and German, fluency in 
German and a mature personality are needed to wotk as a 
secretary/PA for the Director of Sales 

of this large German company ^ 
situated conveniently West of 
London. £9,500, excellent 
benefits and five weeks holiday. 

174 New Bond Street, W1. . 

WsNewYork*- :y 


. the cordmci vtiti! 

: weteftihern wh&fe\ : 
we get oti t. tempsif'. 


The Director General of one of Britain's best loved human-need charities 
needs a secretary with the poise and perse rainy to communicate easily 
with all kinds of people including V.I.Ps. The chanty, based in Central 
London, is patronised by Royalty and your responsibftties wd include 
deputising for the very busy D G when he is on ha frequent travels. You'l 
need 100/60 skils, smart appearance and the docration to handle highly 
confidential matters. Age 25+ 

Bernadette of Bond St. 

Reciuitment Consultants g 

V.*. No 55. Inw *w lo Fenwicks) HI B29 130« mWl 


£9.000 W.l. 

Are you mterasied m the meda? Aa 
Senior Secretary to (he Dnector of 
Mvkemg m this wel known T V or- 
ganisation. you wiH utilise both your 
admm and secretarial experience to 
become an mponant member of ttvs 
dynairec team. You must be aged 
24+ with ai least 3 years secretarial 
experience to be considered for this 
responsible position. 

1 01-379 3515. 

01-491 7100 

Director's Secretary 

to £10,000 wi. 

Da noj oitynv ihc cm fi Umtsi of aknmn 
ud amtnutKm* Wmking for tin fimno 
WI com [Hay u sccmary to one of Umr 
>(Mir Dhkuw job mb nod to be BaiMe 
ud *cA orpnord You eiA deal mtk taghly 
ronfidCBiol rrportj and concspoadnce. 
arenging mcniBgi ud tonemes. Yoer 
stonhanl and t™^ will be aocante- anl 
ideoEy voe will tan good WP stalls, 
prcfcrabh Dimbywmer. 23days hofofavand 
profit share scheme. 

^oivcj o' * 


! RnruilinrM ( iHMitUrd'. 

Secretary to Chief Executive 
to £12,000 

Yonr cudlent secretarial skflb (I IQ/60) 
combined with a Hair for diem bison 
wilt quickly develop This position into 
that a a PA with (Eds lEEdly Bqandii* 
Propcrt} Devdopoem Company. A lot 
pfcbeiH entettainitieni Bfereseco as wett 
as a lot of idepboM wort. Exceflrat 
benefits indodras $ weeks holidays, bth 
bus and is-hoysc lunch. . . 


Tta friendly and successfi4 agency is 
not tookmg for PR expenenca bur is loafi- 
ng for an attractive outgoog personally 
to become totdy aivolvsd wah tbe«r im- 
ponant accounts. You wfl haoe the op- 
portunity of seeing protects through 
from sort to fimsh mdutteg at t en da nce 
at press launches and PR funcuons. You 
wi need good secreoatd skis, extro- 
vert peraaoBtay and super prosanratiaa 
Age 20-25 Safory C8.000+ 


hr.iaarm* : 

audio secretary 

to £ 10,000 

Ouk* anddxiamk. u»ca_w prcw^c 
and nwi meeting dcadbnM. Tnrt 
.aii-n-uioy and duOrogmg pouuda 
vuR p*e too scope- » □» > 0 »r 
■mualivc. uiiluc Kwr ewenem typing 
4.0% and Kfcafly your Wm mm) 

. pnxxsMiig expenewv. Age • J t.. t 
Ldcauoa W.f.l £wdk nt be mfte. .■ 
I uKfuifc subsidised nTStaorsm. I 
fVxninte and paid overtiirtc. 


of Bond St. 

£ 10.000 

This is a terrific opportunity for a wail educated secretary with 
good skins and at lust a year's experience to join the Marketing 
Director and Marketing Services Director of a Central London 
Company, it is a new position for jt real personafity to Baise.wixh 
the company's P.R. agency, deal with printers and generaly use 
their wed developed organisational 1 skiBs- Age 20 +. 

Bernadette of Bond St; 

. Recruitment Consultants 
. r Ns5&(neffdHr1tFm«ttirtB%ii25T2B4 

Spring info action wMi your 
porscmeiiby and prafouioiul' 
jldJW • ' ; 

Wo hevo temporary vacancies 
3 you have languages- thefVai 

Bounce info . a. briglrt-; season 
and ring us today. 

174 Nmr Iwd Hwi W.l.' 

rl A Secretaries 

01-451 7100 

Being a 

MacBlain Nash 
means £350 
Holiday Pay. 

Free Banking. 

Mortgage help. 

Travel Savings. 

Lower Car 

Health Care 

& f ^ 

'jf *** 

H comes with a top temporary secretarial 
job and the MacBlain Nash PriviletjeCard. 
Phone Victoria Martin on 014 3 9 0601 

W£W MacBlain 



Jrd Flrux. Catrmaitm Houm. UD Rrpmii SireM. 

Lonctan WlR SFE lEmraocem R«sml PI. oppocue Midland Bank.] 


Due to promotion within wo need two brttptl secretarial 
college leaven with good skill?. Sound ’O’ or - A - level 
Mural ion, good spelling, sense or humour and fluency on 
letepnone essential. Also a liking for people, as these are 
iron] line posts working al director level. 

One p«l needs flrsl class shorthand.- typing: the other 
needs good typing but would suit someone who dislikes 

Offices nr Piccadilly ft Charrrxj x Generous LVs. season 
ticket kun. private medical scheme. 

PetMMari Officer, lost irate of D ii ctf w s 

01-839 1233 

iNo agmnrsi 

SECRETARY £7,500.00 

Lively ambitious person with 50wpm typing 
urgently required for young Covent Carden adver- 
tising and PR company. At least 2 years work 
experience of PR work helpful. Enthusiasm, a 
sense of humour, and the ability to work on your 
own initiative essential. 

Apply in writing to ^ 5 ==^ 

Marketplace. ^ 


London WC2E8HA. 

Applications are invited for the important and 
prestigious position of 


of the International Biographical Centre (Mdrosc Press 
Lid), the leading publishers of international biographical 
reference books (Who's WhosL and organizers of 
international conferences and cultural tours at venues 
throughout the world. 

The present Congress Director (who is emigrating from 
the United Kingdom) is also a Director and Company 

The person appointed must have no ties or commitments, 
be able to work long hours (including week-ends when 
necessary) and be free to travel to any put of the world at 
very short notice. The preferred age is 30 to 40. 
Essential qualifications indude;- 

* Attractive, charming and commanding presence 

* Ability to get on with people of all nationalities, 
cultures and races 

* Organizational skills and experience of working 
without supervision 

* Ability to address international meetings of up to 200 

* Ability lo negotiate large contracts with hotels and tour 
operators world-wide 

* Knowledge of word-processing and typing. (An 
experienced secretary will be provided for day-to-day 

■ Regular production or new and viable ideas for the 
benefit of the Company as a whole 
The successful applicant will be answerable only to the 
Chairman and the Chief Executive. 

The responsibilities are great as are the rewards - a 
substantial salary, non-contributary pension plan. 
Company car. private health insurance and other 
important benefits. 

The appointment, which will be based at the address . 
below, will commence in September 1986 but will also i 
involve attendance at the I3lb !BC International 
Congress in New Orleans. Louisiana. USA from 1 1th to 
20ih July 1986. 

Those wishing to be considered for this post are invited to 
send Tor an Application Form by letter only and in their 
own handwriting The dosing date for requests for 
Application Forms is 31st March 1986. Interviews will 
take place in Cambridge. 

Please dearly mark envelopes “Private and Confidential" 
and address ice 

The Chairman 
Melrose Press Lid. 

(The International Biographical Centre) 

3 Regal Lane 
Soham, Ely 
Caaba, CB7 5BA 

Judy Farquharson Limited 

47 New Bond Street, London, WI Y 9HA. 


c£ 11,000 

Small fi nancial consultancy in WC2 ngads too class senior 
s e cret ar y with fast typing and s/h skUteand tdeatiy French, 
s/h. Mist, be looking tor total (nvotvement have 
organisational abftty and a BexNM approach. Age 30-40.. 

TO £12,000 

First das* PA ragentty required by busy West End office. An 
ability to Bank ahead, plan and organise Is essential, along 
with smart appearance, sett monvabort and top sMUs 
(100/60 - Pitmans an advantage). Age 24-32. 


r £ 8,000 

Join this high .quality 
fashion store as secre- 
tary to the sales director. 
He is keen to delegate a 
variety of ad mi str a tive 
projects. Bcceflent com- 
pany discounts and good 
prospects. H you have a 
years experience and are 
career minded, this Is lor:. 
you. 90/50 skills needed^ 





A very famous name con- 
sumer company seeks a 
young secretary to their, 
mely- sates- de par tme nt 
The phones never stop 
ring in and youH enjoy as 
much . responsibility as 
you can handle. Free 
fares to work and excel- 
lent discounts. .90/50- 
skills and. previous .WP 

to £8,500 

A top PR consultancy 
seeks a young secretary 
-to an account team, a 
you enjoy efient c on t act 
and have a first class 
phone manner this is for 
you. Excellent benefits in- 
ducing a bonus scheme 
. and tree lunches. 90/50 
SkBIs itnd previous word 
processing experience 
, needed- - ■ . • , 

Elizabeth Hunt 

— Recruitment Consultants 

£7,000 . . 

Then join bus wen known 
organisation promoting 
overseas travel and fea- 
ther - ed u ca t ion as 

secretary /assistant You 
should have good admin- 
istrative state and a 
bright, outgoing person- 
ality. Informal 

atmosphere and a free 
lunch. 60 wpm. Typing 
afcjtay needed. 

. WestEnd • 
01-24035)1 -J 


MERCHANT BANK £9,500 + benefits 

I uunf 3vusum Piivctor and executive warn vour help in Cor- 
pnraic Finance Depart mem. The deals lhc> stnVc arc often 
nevsvMinhv! Vnur Iasi shorthand (clSlwpm) will be appreciat- 
ed as will vnur organising abilil) - arrange the diancs. traveL 
ron-iings. Mortgage allowance, profil share, free BUPA. 

II Jupd LV s. Ape 25-35. 

AHERICAN ATTORNEY'S £12,009+ beams 

The j»d> uf nruvidmg sccrcunal support to young American 
AvNUCialv will appeal if you like organising ihc office work load 
and arc icchnokipcally aware. Enjoy preventing profesuonal 
Mnrli on W’ang and handling fox and Idccoms worldwide. Do- 

‘ ' Yc- 


and arc icchnnkigically aware. Enjoy preventing orafcsuonal 
wniii on Wang and handling fox and Idccoms worldwide. Do- 
manding. oppununii* lo grow and Financially rewarding - 
imtiimr paid after 7 hours. Xmas bonus. BUPA Shorthand 
and typing. Moorgalr. 


'I duiri warn anything on my desk that could have been dealt 
with Ix-fmehand' says Head of Finance and A dmimsl ration, 
hiijirt rcvpunsibiliiv try TA/See m high I v confideniial povtitm. 
Kvw-jnJv arc hunirc. Bl'PA LV's ana 3 months review. Easy 
kKamai B a (kind shorthand and audio. Age 25-35. 


v-nntr Euivutivr with o wicked sen* of humour needs strong 
trait -up anil idlers husincH mvulvemcni 10 a highly profession- 
al varcer vtiwary. Help ran 14 companies, handling everything 
irum enmpuiensjikw id highly confideniial nailers, from typ- 
tng tu cfwnt liaraon Breuittul office Moartate. An) 30-3Svsh. 


70 Old Broad Street. London EC2M 10S 

■Lovc+Tate Appointments- 


Private College in Contra! London is seeking a 
confident professional to provide secreiarial and 
administrative support. "Hiis busy position re- 
quires proven communication skills to organise 
extensive travel and accomodation arrange- 
ments on behalf of students. This is an 
interesting and involving position with excellent 

Please contact Julia Grav Appointments on 

240 9911. 



Proven admin exp with gd s/h sec skills 


Exp receptionist with 45 acc typing 


Gd c/t sec for residential office 


Gd SH 2nd jobbers for lively company 


Bright school leaver, no sec skills 


Exp audio/WP sec for Senior Consultant 


A aferrref and loyal pn 
vale v'creUry is required 
lo work for. a senior Euro- 
pean VIP from offices in 

■YoUr trsbonsailtUes wit 
encompass ihc organ tsinf 
Of Social functions.. privatr 
rorTespondence. properly 
management of various 
private residences, the 
paying of salaries to do 
mralK- and other staff, and 
the supervision of your 
own Junior secretary 

You will need 10 be bilin- 
gual lEngHah.- German), be 
numerate, self, motivated 
and have a sound work 
record with excel tern ref- 
erences Secretarial skills 
of 100 60 + WP are 

Age 30-45. 

West End Office 
629 9686 


1$ being browned off the closest you’ll get 
to a holiday this year? 

$eing aAffarpowsrtsriipordry hasa lof ctf.adviontaQpSi Vltepdy wed- Wteitbk® 
ewcepficmd corefri rrxjfchlnovoixskifetotosassgnn^^ * 

jarocesrorirolnlng, . • ‘ • , 

Andwepayohofickiverrtttten^ - : 

Being wfth Manpower means you deflhrtelY won! gtf taiDwrtad off Unless tt’sert 
a remote dectch somewhere, 

CaB us today and start planning your halfdays. 




Snr See/ PA with admin content 



Co-ordinate livdy sales team, gd c/i 


Susan Beck R S 

1 I * U ' !{/ 

Govent Gartens 
srnat«.[ satwflnd oeocte 
31a Janes SwrtVVZ! 01-JS099H 


Exoanenced Senior Sac s reqd by the Pufcbaano ft Marketing 
Directors oi Dus taroe. suceassful electrlcte apphances Co. Exe 
sac EkAs (100/60) s WP evp are ass for tras varied & demand- 
ing position. AGE: 25-30, SALARY: c £9,000 + benefits. 


Amencan City Bank requras exp Seraor Sec wflh fluent French 
+ Italian. EwMfcmt Engksh ft sec state 190/60) nec tar fits 
responsible post wtnch includes lots ot adrrm. aswefl as exten- 
sive doalmgs with cherts abroad. AGE: 25-t-. SALARY: £l 0.000. 


Unique opportumy for 2 Secs to work mornings arty 
KENSINGTON - Numerate, exp French/Enghsh spkg Sec wfeh 
same Gemran/Spansli to work on trier own for 
one sotaator. 

CITY - Smart exp s/b Sec fluent n any maior Euro lang to work 
lor Bu»ne» Service of prufegioue Hotel. 


Banqua d’affaires presbgieuH recherche uoe .sec -bflingue 
seneuse at aAoenmemee [ 3-4 ansi. Vous aurez oeta travate 
au niveau superior «< «ou$ aurti atOrtO/dactyto danefos deux 
languos am& ouune connausonco da WP. FtexiMrie 
tf Iwraras 4 . sens tf equips mspensablo. 24-30 ans 
e. EiiOOO 

01-236 5501 

' Unlxaic ,S|. tX‘4 iSLm-Fn »J 0-4 JO) Emp .-Iqi- 

Secretary' c£ 10,000 
Total cotnmitmeat with 
this aciiing company 
who produce and distrib- 
ute TV programmes. 
Must thrive on hand 
work and have TV relat- 
ed experience. 

Top notch PA c£9,590 
Extremely responsible 
position lor a thoroughly 

Temporary Statt Specialists 

£11,000 neg+ 

Join Otis large City based Investment . 
bank as secretary to a senior executive. 
Your boss is looking for a very wel. 
organised secretary he can use as a 
sounding board for new Ideas and act 
vwymuxti as an assistant 90/70. Sferfls - 
and a banking background needed' 

24 hour answering service 

£9,500 + bonus 

Join this City based investment man- 
agement companyas secretary to their 
deputy managing director. .You ! set-up 
client presentaftoivs organise and at- 
tend conferences and become involved 
•with a variety of marketing / PR 
projects. Educated to 'A' level standard 
wHn 80/50 shuts. • 


Elizabeth Hunt 

Bam HfrnnnF (Vwei iltrvnFe _ 




P A/Sccretary al senior 
level who is looking for a 
career in Music 

Receptionist c£8300 
Hectic extremely busy 
Reception area. Must be 
charming, lively and to- 
tally at ease with, all 
kinds of artistic people! 

HfOM + CAR . 

Suuertj owomomy tor 
BBS PA u be central 
°Tve w tuua anuu In- 
vwn uni Coni many 

offle* nmm i«o 
maintain a 
central HahwH wim di. 


P,er»i!>rani Im->, ■‘nil, 

picj'.iofl, and Inttrn rmrli 

BOTM will, Ihc CngtHA 
w u taif Tnouqht of moving 
fo the South of Franc*? Flex! - 
He oeraon 254-. gooumse of 

Humour, inquired lo be Com- 
pamon to MWrrw ot me 
H«u«e Uqhi HnoehoM du- 
Ihw. dnving Licence, good 
French and nmiy typing 

Pteaso rrelv wtm cv 
ptMMograpn lo. 

PA'S & 


with cuc vtk-m skills and a- 
frorocc m the 
>d<erftaib2/tfe«kte industry 
rcauiiwJ few specialist recruit- 
ment consultancy. 

Ring Lisa or 
CanOla? on 
01 636 163X 


Require Directors' 
secretary. 60% admin. 
Trouble shooting & 
adhoc projects. 40% 
secretarial with sh. 
Free lunch, discount.. 

WomflwoM Rec 

01-404 4646 

lec/A-Mi ni (— si 

J«n , tws young • fun 
Company ; Art as right 

hand AssMoztl io~M.D. 
Lais of rttoni lurison 
dealing until Media. Fast 


« MM.IVM, 


* Lomion & Overseas 
CERMAN & FRENCH : £16.000 

y«« tahion bou» wtfe in-lingual secretary 10 anal 
Frcreb Saks Director. Own cormpondrace bat specdwmmg 

■ ’ £Exc«ilMt 

■ * CVCTal lw, ran speaking s c c r ctancs ui the 
Motm of mix. Rcquircmcnb include good ijtbw tno s/band 

needed] a good secretarial training and a couple of yean exp. age 

*■«? MuiunatKmal needs the help 
SEjJSSSSS 1 ' pna y ft , Viand ienwarY. Lots of 

^d2.ViS ^ foPWMWay. Oteai'dralkitte foe 2nd jobber 

FKEMCH PACK £13,000 

* “nwraw finance 
ray b * nk ' fhtanry >n both lugs plus Wang 
wi?and «i kM.J year oxp oswuaL 3^ 21-30; any moMttY- 

jFRENOr £10,000 


- • WM (01)-839 3365 


6. Buckingham Sired. London (Rn: C(m , ) 



? Krior personal assistant 
ani >wf«* adrainistta- 
5?* “iwd-pfwettre. adaptability, sound 

tSSk U rvL? fns J , and 3 , ®H»«ablcaOTratrii toihc 
wwfe. Good working conditions. • 

Mary scale under review but with profidenev alfow- 


You'll bf cxmoedtafim nighl du & owners, 
essential ' A senseof 1 humour & 1 00/60 skills 


£g SS?£S?gi‘y{5fl2 

rticlr beauty roLSi? (S’^ngfSolSmf 

pJSS^nSLT' 3biliIy ,0 ' vork 

plwseWepte«c 01-499 8070 
46 OfdBofld Street London W.l . 


a vacancy 

Sr S 20+ to wwk 

ror its . Head of Manpower Services. 

V* whk £j? J>°jh varied interesting, 
demands confidentiality as well as eoad 
organisational skills. 8000 

Essential requirements are excellent shorthand 
and lyprng. a confident telephone manner and 
the ability to enjoy working under pressure. 
Some word processing experience would be a 
distinct advantage. Please apply in writing to the 
Personnel Manager. The Financial Times, 
|^£ c " House. 10 Cannon Street, London 
EC4P a 4BY or telephone 01-236 9758 for an ap. 
plication form. 


£10,000 pa 

Major Market Research Agency in Covenl 
Garden area needs a Senior Secretary heading 
a small secretarial team to take charge of recep- 
tion. typing and administration. Essential 
requirements are excellent wp skills, 
organisational capability, willingness to work 
under pressure m busy environment and a 
friendly outgoing personality for client contact 
Excellent remuneration - £10,000 or more for 
right candidate and profit sharing scheme. 

Phone Jaki on 01-240 0256 for an 


Junior fee or 1st jobber (very gd ah/typ). Working in 
private household of public figure. Team spirit, not » 
lonely job. working with other secretaries in a lovefr 
environment Ooodeducataon req, vreB groaned end weft 
spoken. Lots of prosects. 


Adxninistntive/office um i ^* for «i « pp»"g «i»i t nM ng 
company. SH/typ required (not used ranch). Lots ofener- 

& and strong: personality. Plenty of support tor friendly 
s. Mostly nealhw with property ana office services. 
Salary up to'£10,000 4- boons- City. 

CsO Mr* Byzantine . 

01-222 5091 


Rm u b thI Ci»inV » w)« 

. Temp Time! 

Earn excellent rates as 
pan of our busy young 
icmp leant and work for 
a variety of interesting 

clients throughout Lon- 
don. You may welt find 
your idea! permanent job 
and be paid, white look- 
ing! SktHs 80/100 sJl or 
audio 50+- tm Age 19- 
25. Please can 
437 41S7/89 



C124W0+ Start Sab 

This City based Euro- 
pean bank needs a 
secretary for its general 
manager. A pplican ts 
should be well present- 
ed with a good 
secretarial background 
and excellent short- 
hand typing. Wang 
cross-training offered. 
A European language 
would be a phis. Age 
range 25-40. 

mm nuenec 

SrTTfttry -raraAMMM 
iranrM to carry out irtwt 
Mm tn <trn»U pntctico 
r-T*— 1 tumunMipi and 
roMnwtii lorotjon in Wl. 

Acrurate Irpmf and • Kfflf 
of ntmxiur arr ro m U H 
solan tdOOO ncyoUaMr 

«4U »**• 


. c. £8,000 u 

bmnm d wren S/H and 
WP sMfc to join cmal learn 
in plaasani ottces of sir- 
veyng practice engaged on 
owsaaswo* WOrtdtgfor 
? or 3sen«r managers onfy 
A a ta«K% ottporohera. -a. 
person BMtag dabfty 
would be preferred. 

Write orty wdb CVa lo- 

CORDCnCJY (ari fgs) 
Duncan House. 

Datyhn Square 
London SW1V 3PW 


A Oaol Lnri l l i mlrt tecre- 
urv wtm 1st cun 
shorthand -typing 

uagm by mt» 

Ob FmanerCo. Cnn Ovw- 
mat vMlors. organise 
rorVBBJ parties. anbt at r*- 
rrvUOM. compote toners & 
generally work OO own 
urtahv*. MTS Hayes. Acm e 
Apple 108 Btonewto iX3. 

01-347 9701 


Reanirc* a typw *or 
general hotel conwnoo- 
dracr. Good accurate 
typing esseniial and the 
capaOffltyatf using liriUa- 
Uve. Very . flood 
conditions. Meals pro- 
vided vutnle on duty- 

01-499 7070 


The senior Vice President of this International 
Merchant Bank needs an outstanding PA. with 
100/70 skills to assist him. He’s m his late 30s. 
reports directly to the Chairman & his responsi- 
ble for one or the post profitable & interesting 
parts of the organisation. Banking experience, 
stamina. & a Hair for organising are essential. 
Age 25+. 100/70 skills needed. 




This key from line position combining both reception 
duties and customer Uaisoa is based at our busy Bench 
Brasserie in Coveni Garden. . \ 

Obviously you should enjoy people contact, however 
stamina (you will-work shifts), a sense of humour as 
well as a sense of urgency is essential. An excellent 
salary whh the opportunity for c are er prog re s s i on into 
management is offered. 

To apply, please write with foil CV. to: 

Belinda Wight, . . 

25a Lisle Street. 

London WC2H 7BB. 


B you have good shorthand and typing sUh (and do not mod 
uang audio) comtxned mth a Sue* psrsonWty and a response 
bte approach to work: we are toeing lor someone: aged 23* 
wdh. hopefv^y. Oeaor level experience who wonts to work « 
vay smart offices m Maytar. 

We otfer a salary e. £8J5D pa. + stall docount on a wide range 
al goods. 

Ream contact Paula Watecs. - 

Dixons Commer cia l Proporfioa Ltd 

01-409 2322 



Join a smalt prestigious design company and 
enjoy total involvement in beautiful surround- 
ings.. Working for the M.D-. who enjoys 
delegating, you will be given the opportunity to 
hold the foil and use your superb sh/h and typ- 
ing skills. If you have a friendly and flexible 
nature, are well groomed and spoken, then con- 
tact Melanie Laing. 

01631 154Tnec-Cora' 

Price- Jamieson : . 

.& (termers uri 


The Managing Director of this oil services 
compa n y needs a highly motivated PA. You 
win be responsible for ail the administration of 
his business activities including working 
extensively on your own. A knowledge of 
unport/export documentation, shipping and 
Letters of Credit would be an advantage. 
Speeds 100160 + WP. Age 2S40. 



35 Breton MacaWI.BI -493 7789 

£6^00 - PUTNEY 

v«tM omcr males in jmafl 

txn mandlog and fnvomy 

(OMMV. BO* wim typing 

awnur. if you would Hke fc> 

tom •wwtBful team. worft- 

UV M a busy H wi wawad. 

Mtt ring euzaarui Kenyan 





Wp nerd hart working. Unco* 
grnL haw lor our tnwv 
KnHkigKiB saw offlra. Good 
and tnlng rwuM: 
knowledge ot WP an advan- 
tage: good wrfton and sense or 
humour la wm i a L Satary 



T&BI-Cra 1221 Bat H 

TYPIST S6.500 


Vmdaffice d uties b SHa« bu t 

apSDikngmd (nerMhf comw i iy. 

50+ wpm rad good Mhra— 
maim asaanuf N you ««*» 

bka to jam a WBiwiliA team. 

wuduoo m a busy emnrasneoL 

ptaasa nojtedWh Krayon on; 

£9,000 - £10,000 

EMriknl tyrintlUwttuwl 
WP Mwrmw. mxWr far 
hart vrork . For demandina 
dirrrtor of dVnanwr Haylrir 

01-900 0297 


To work at Motor pannrr 
tovol for aprcangiouc mop- 
nty col Bcwutirkd sUtcot 
Genome oooonunUr lor 
- invOtvrmmil OnMiWtnO 
morMnw. rttonl tta wo n A 
real PA poauonl 




ASSKTAItr TO CMTW 120 • 30 

ynt Cor Wand Wide Vouch 

Organisation SW7. wuj work 

on monJJVy toaoaztne and du- 

ties • w» 

, bark -up to editor. nrpaiUMlig 

wlJl function* and i te ri tig 

wiut Iota of Interesting admlnto 

muon. Typing of no less than 

swum nouns Beautiful of- 

' flees and eery p lo a oont wart doig 

alinqaatiefe. Cala ry £7.600 pa. 

and fn- home restaurant and 

long holidays For nether dr- 

LWh lei Veronica I ana an 937 

ASSS. Cenlacm Staff Age n cy. 


Wc urgently need to recruit experienced & 
adaptable staff to complement our busy team. If 
you have excellent secretarial skills - especially 
word processing - I would love to hear from 
vou. Top rates of pay offered. Please telephone 
Brenda Stewart on 



Warm Welcomes 


This is an excellent reception post within a mqor 
executive recruitment consultancy 
Working within o professorial environmenL you will 
look aner clients and senio^level candidaies whilst 
handling a small amount of telephone work. 

Yba should be well-educated I tnin 5 O-levels) with some 
typing. Please telephone 01-409 1232 
mmmmmmam R'misimmt ConruUun- BBranraBn 

1 •wi 

Sheer Energy 

£94)00+ ++ 0,/ 

How much do you want to achieve? As PA to General 
Manager within this dynamic, rapidly expanding oil 
company the praopecu exist for career growth too. 
'Ufcst-End booed and very professional, the atmosphere k 
friendly; fast -moving and Involving, fru will handle lots of 
telephone work in nidi hen to your PA role. You should be 
well-spoken, with accurate sh 'tv Apr 23+ . Please 
' ihone 01-409 1232 

Recru ton rot Consultant* 


PA Sec Cony 801 for Head 
of hrrtlr uv house PR Dew 
Motor shipping Co. Good 
s. hand and English for 
br ochure Me. TrswM pork* 


XnkrorMng PA Sec aiUP 
for Manager dMritor* group, 
non-lno Mr t/hand. tone 
WP. good erggntom 
oarouM A fringe Dens. 


>£ 8,000 

Croup Asst. 21Ml with 
reasonable see skUH lo keep 

TTack Wilt asrch creative 

Irani In malor ddverusipg 

roapwnwMc. panic proof 

lor iurn i rn . organised 
outtook! Reslauranl + Innge 

Ml- 509 8807— j 





Secretary required ro assist 
buy resdemai department 
of kadmf firm of Estate 
Agents. Salary according to 
age and experience. 

01-235 9641. 

Ref: 1PT 


Top property company. Short- 

hand college leav er M £7.000 
Reporting lo the Ma n agi n g Di- 

rector. help •« organise 
luortions and cortcuu parlies 

and nut together I heir b> bouse 

magaxlne. Full training and 

scope to somebody vnlti arnta 

Uoro. Pleas# m o Phono Julia 

MtotpresUge Roc Cons on Ol- 

« 2308 

ARC 48+ The MD and Chtof Ex*c 
of IMS SWl Trade Federalion 
are looking for a, PA. Yon must 
have tswi wi secretarial slrilb 
together wuh use ability lo got 
imoNM m ail *s»cs of usetr 
contact wHD 

vMiUg VtPs. Clients etc 
SSflO. 600. Phase 0.1 
Andrsanoi Ol 829 7838 Barnsd 

recruiting for a leading nuhttob- 

tag house who would like lo 

meet secre t arial assi s tan ts Mi 

nol msi Ideally wMh WP. al- 

though irauuog can he 
arranged, who are seeking hi* 

trresiiitg and varied posts wtm 

scope for personal IntdaOve 

CAJiOO turner review) + 6 

weeks hots. Ring 01-081 1264 

for lt«1 details- Wetion Staff 


EBMO * bonus. Leadlna aiy 
stockbrokers seek brfgM spark 
wim goon accurate lying lo loin 

organisational aunty and ma- 
ture approach. No previous 
e x perience required. Orsds 
very. w elcome. Prospects first 

class. Telephone Oruhom Ol- 

ops 4983 fleet Pers Rec Cons 

-fogs tn 

dwhpi- publishing » fttn world 

Bubbly personality essen U al. 
CA BOO • C8.500 Jayuar Ca- 
reer* (fitoane So) Ud. 01-730 




An exoanding investment and merchant banking subsidiary of a 
leadSTforeign bank is looking to appoint an etcpenenced 

Receokorast'Typrst to work in their City offices. As thrs key 
2n invoivSmeeting and greeting clients you^ld be 
ESTmitnoino and have the appearance, confidence and 
Snntvto^e^vAh people at alllevels. Other responsiMibes 
the supendsfan of the Directors’ dining room. 
'"iS® Srfto Med ^25+ with at least 2 years’ relevant 
^mart ap^rance and a good personality are 
SS*. FW the right eandidate we offer a oompetifive 

salary plus the usual large company benefits. 

Z further intern, p^ntact Mrs Penyoate 



md iimp audio stmrthapd 

Ctork to the Oovrraccs Of 
we « London 
Mtro- werklv. «-«»per 
jgiupt With 5 WCCKB 

LaiypKr Upptr *dm«I 

Wac «rt»« 

W m idi w tnl i lh 

W6 SLR. 

fe?te Sn5r»^5«W 

■gut unto 


MATUtt vh IvriM rrg'd 1.2 
.ton weekly IBMgoifhaU Port- 
land PI. Wl. Ol 060 7008 


<20 ?6i for cMMndtng Cowed- 
- k> CpmpMiy m Hreunous new 
amen m Honana park. 

IVntoM 6wncI<Po*rd nunRar le 

HNeW and ovprtaad row I7» 
■ nu when mraary MB wprai. 
hjtarv lo CPOOO Tetophone 
Man- Bottoms R muA mem Ol- 
734 6771 

■CCSPnOMST 126-39) for Prt- 

vrif Chetuv Departiund of 
Siorknroim tn EC2 Usual Hr 
irpim rlrin rha overload 
AiMelkVRWHKl Uteof IBM PC 
ilramtnq cpvren. Lovely wo. Sat- 
an- to CfljOOO oiua bonus oh* 
. moruue. sOsMy.. Telephone 
. Mjtv RMOfM ReeruHmcnl Ol 
754 67T1 

Up to £8£Q0 

This srnal! bui friendly 
charitable trust based 
in SWl with a wide 
range of interests need 
a willing and flexible 
secretary to assist the 
Director. Good typing 
essential and a cheer- 
ful personal hy. Hours: 
930 - 4.30. Preferably 
available to start in> 
mediately. Age 24-35 


Angela Mortimer LtcL] 

629 9686 

(ftcc Cons) 

C7.000 4- bonus and bcneflli. 

MuUi national. presUgtous CHy 

group leefcm a hrtghL com b e to ut 

pnvm wHMng lo orogrem lo 

PA WIM . Good mc 9MHs and 

very smart oppearanrcc re- 

ouirrt Please contact Undo 

McLeod on 01-439 3064 asap 

FaantoM Personnel 

wefl known Wl Advertising 
Agency would like DrtWri. Bub- 
bly secreiafv. no shorthand 
necessary, but you mud have 
I he abririy U orponlse him and 
undertake a wide variety of do- 
om. Age 19k. £80)00. Please 
phone Andrea on 01-629 7838 

M/HOETARB £10.000 ne«. 
2 shorthand Secretaries w«h 
WP experience* lo work for 
M a n agi n g Director and vice 
P r U drnf of Anwriean Compa- 
ny. Luxurious aflices wtth 
exeencal beneliu. Ref JL41. 
Pamela Dtrtcens Rec Coni Mg l 
7196 dayttmo or 493 6193 

ly MUeresUng opportunity for 

PA .-See wMi m /h who IS look- 

ing lor chMtonge. scope and 
rrs p c n a H ril W y. Jmo- ~ 

_ ' Id. 01-73 

cStoane So) Lid. 

•730 6148. 

f tabs tTcrt lt ng hec- 
ue Mm ro. but be happy at sec 
hi fun environment lo £9.000 
jaygor Careen (Stoane SoJ Lid. 
01-730 6148. 

Rcgiared In Weal End practice 
lor 2-3 days per week. Tel; Ol 
936 3342 

C9900pa Mb' executive of Uds 



0 T. 13 rognlhs contract for 
nraiug new n«y venture in 
UrxrxxH Wl ririm Mini have 
s h. typing, wane + Interna- ’ 
nofial dry mp. jjygc Canes 
ismane MUM. Ol 730 3146. 

» tor 


vary work 


m univerralm- r h or di rg. 

enter non- r omrownal 

sriMuMro. rilease ring Pros- 
per! Tempv rsufl agrnryl 629 

Many- more 1 1 luyur ailcs need- 
ed’ Begin noun Cpvenl Burrau. 
1 IO Heel SI . CCd 353 7696 


toimarUatc skms it 00-60* 

WANG*. The successful asoll- 

cani win nriv being tnvotvrt 

at Ihe lughesl level m mvest 

menl prepooala and acoolsUions 

logrther wtm the aMUtv to .be 

dfccrcei at an Umes. please 

phone Sally Owens on Ol Z3S 

8427 KMphlSOrtdge Secretaries. 

4 POM Street. London SW1X 


ORAOUATKT 2nd Jobber? e 

C8J&0O. A perfect M> for a 

brtgM pereop mol necessarily a 

Cradt sc no. 6 In a sonfl but 

expanding vert ore company tm 

SWl Rusty 5H. good typing 

and the obllliy lo Pirk Bmps up 

oulridy » return for merwaring 

rorpo ne touity and lovotverueot 

and lots ol give and lake. For 

further details, please cab Lucy 

Lutycm m 01-581 2977-2947 

si Jaor OMbwaSr Rscndt- 

menl Consultant Ltd- 21 

Beauchamo Place. SWl 
MBBtna to am a Large 

linn of exhibition or gan i s ers 

vrek*. a young temrlary lo the 

deputy roanatono director Hrto 

*ef upconferenresand weyowr 

admutaUlliy. 110.60 stubs 
needed Plratr Irtrphcair Ol- 

24« 3681 fCfb-J Ot Ol 240 

3611 (Wed Emu. Doabwh 

Hum RerTUiimenl Coosiriunts. 

MOTTW OW U. CAT* lo £7.300. 

To nan a famous name Uilrrrva 

Ismsl trading c o mpan y as a 

voting secretary. A college toav 

rr or wrond miBer ts fme 50 

wpm rypnia ambiy needed. 

Pleav Ktophww 012*0 i&5! 

itaii’i or Ol 240 3511 iwmi 

Clide EWrabeih Hum Rrrrull 

nv-til ConwdLwaH. 

TOR 25-30 C9.S00 pm rata mm 
4 months contract. Irntned sfart 
A trading WCl firm seek a first 
dm adminMraior W kiln ihnr 
buw pmomirl drpf Some tvp- 
ino and good nrgs muue itai 
iMh are lend pteasr roman 
Graham bhrilh. Flert PCfSOdhcf 
<Rer Corn 01-404 4033 (24tmi 
PR SCOtCT ART £3.000 Moil 
tave 1 veors PR e x pertenrr 
pluv Iasi typing and audio SkUH 
la nun vuAH PR adt r ei nin g de 
bartinrot of desiesi company tn 
NWS Loti «i variety and in- 
valirmeui Ring 01-493 8824 
Judv rmuMnM Limled (Dec 
emit 47 Nrw Band Street. 
London Wl 



Bdincual PA /See laic 2tTs 
with cxcclkmi s/h rad typing 
vLith. WP. senior Icvd bint 

3 experience and 
nrnisiraiion Tor senior ex- 
ecutive (Italian) prominent 
Mcrctiani Bank. City. Sal 
from £10.000 + ntg aae rad 
excdlcm benefits. 



Bilingual PA/Scc mid 20*11 
100/51 Constant use of bn- 
gnage in inL nuridiflg team. 
Spanish also uscfoL Promi- 
nent Merchant Bank. Covem 
Garden. Sal to £9300 + 

01-734 3708 
or 437 3476 

133 Oxford SiracL 
(Rec Cons) 



A Time to Temp 

What do you look for from temporary world High 
rewards, certainly —but more besides? The question is 
valid, because in todays market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
oeam: our clientele amongst the most prestigious m 
London. With good skills, quite frankly, you can make 
good money anywhere. Bit if you want the best. In 
every sense, then rive me a call. Sara Dyson, on 01-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruftment Consultants) 


£ 11 , 000 + 

rnani Bankers seek- a wed 
educated profesnonal Secre- 
tary 22. 36 to provide a luB 
support, both administrative 
A secretarial, to Ihe Market- 
ing DtvtsMxi. Banking exp Is 
NOT cssenUaL lost an ability 
lo organa# a tody day and 
lias# at senior level. Mort- 
gage. BLIP A. free lunch, 
boms etc. Mrs May Acme 
Appts. 88 Carmen 81 EC4. 
01-623 3883 

WS HAVE A BOon prr-Laslrr se- 
lection of mrtiuig »gal 
PMiioe for wrretartrs wt«h a 
minimum I yean «ohrtim> exp 
ll yrm warn to mange loa better 
•oh. the valarm range from 
C8 OOO at 20+ lo Cl 0.000 lor 
moroogn legal exp Can Mr 
Tnompvon tn nonfldnice on 
828 6792 Kmgsland Legal 
TfOttl TnKrrMmg and Involved 
pnuiion as PA lo a d ir ector In 
I hrv leading into Llane with ell 
enh.aetup mertlngv and events 
and awru in aU activities. S H 
A WP 30wum Please rail 
Sophie on 630 7066. k’lngriand 
Pm Cons 

PA WITR IMMSM £12.000 + 
mortgage’ n offered lo a temor 
level PA M avnu the MD of an 
Inter nsuonsl Rank.. He yarn 
charm and post to deal with 
people al an levete and admin 
ft«r lo organise a -varied day. 
Call Hodge Remutmenl on 629 


voting 118*1 educated SCC Pur- 
suing PA role In lively 
cm o on men I. Good preventa- 
lion & vpeach ideal. 90-46 
speeds 6 monlfn work exp. Ex 
regent future potential, saury 
ncg. Call Ntckv on 630 7066. 
Kingtouid Pers Cons 

involved i noting position In- 

cluding rambmom. orgaotolag 
Photo shoots, luuaing with mag- 

acmes 4 advertiunq agency. 

Outooing and well spoken 2nd 

fobhrr or exceltoiri CPUege l«*v. 

or with sn Caff Sophie on 630 

7066 Klnguand Pers Cans. 
SCC 'PA Property or Personnel. 

i C86CO. Good SH Secs with 

skills 1100 SOI & personality to 

»Tt in these rxrlllnp dews. 

Lots of respond bility for some. 

one 23+ who likes premurel 

Crew perta. central area Call 

sue 404 0022. klngsland Pers 


Wl C8XXX3. Beromr part ol a 
snaK friendly tram working for 
me partners Good sec skrits 
needed ptus ahdity lo deal wnh 
rlienls No shorthand bid wp 
experience helpful Cowart 
VKki Burrtdgr on 01457 4003. 

seeking a secretary for produc- 
tion dtv . of Fine Art Publishers. 
Good sec skills and ability to 
work en own nuuuivc ra Exct 
oooorlunits for A ’Lev el / 

Giad note r leaver Mcttow 
E mp Agy 01-636 1487. 

MAA—ElIBblini BiNnguM Sec- 
retarv wilh flawless French and 
excellent English rrg lo work 
for Marketing and PR dept 
Translations into Ft+nrti 
C*».O0O Multilingual Service® 
iRernnlmriU Consultants! Ol- 

856 5794 6 

POP MOStC X7r506 Small Wl- 
sdmiors dealing exrtuBrtrty in 
showbiz- seek herghl bubbly sec 
lor young tody solicllor FuU 
serretoi 141 hartiup plus lots of 
rural ronton Cvr r. leaver or 

2nd ififiber CaU Kale 406 6006 
Kmgstond Personnel 

MCZr'KC - IWl C8.2SO - 
C8.7SO 12635) Good nmatot 
lo rope with busy switrhboard 
and leresdan as well as providr 
•errrtortal bark up in busy pro- 
fessional prarlke near Green 
Part. ITgrm Break through 

Emp Cons 726 4A31. 

£15,000 + EXC BONUS Secre- 
tary wnh Degree for CHy 
Sierkhrokers Senior Partner. 
Marvellous scope for Meal per- 
son. -skills too 70. age 2$ - 36 
430 IS61 2663 Dome Simp- 
son APPIS 

la Itrtvel mag puMntora in 
WC2. Age 19 24. Experienc e 
essential plus good typing 
l to— pm l A teles experie n ce. 
Co. 000. Ring Michelle en 379 

hnui week. Upmarfcri Covenl 
Garden ro seek “ft groomed, 
wen sooketi. young nerson ««tie 
nmovs meeting people Call 
Nickv oi. 630 7066 Klngriand 

Pers Cons 

STEAK DUTCH? Then speak lo 
PohaitM. II you have good 
wrretorial skills 120 60 and 
grrsKHis banking or similar 
rapnienre al Board level. Apr 
27 30 salary Cl 2.000.- Ring 
PulyuKH Agency 01-247 6242. 


ri reamres wriM hpe iri secretory 
far aiull busy of dee good tele 
phone toHTe and Ivplng skUh 
esseniial Tneohone afler 
D50nn 01-681 CM2S 

hers keen lo enter Ihe "Beal 

Srfln“ world lots IX good lobs 
C7 00 C9.0OO al Covenl Car- 
den Bureau. 1 to Fieri at. EC4. 
383 7696. 

TEMPS £CS6 p hr for Shorthand 
vrirUin wiin Wang. Digui 
Derm ale. Wordstar etc City 
Banks rcuuvrd urgemly Long 
lertn bookings 430 1651 2655 

i Fiona i Duk-tr flnpieii Apph 

AB AOOfCT C7 SCO + bonus. 
Livr+v PR dnpl. knWV City Of 
fire* Ape 21+ Speeds 90 S6 
wnh WP rvn Tel David 283 
6301. Olv bees Rec Com. 


Probably mid-20's. for small, informal mews 
house near Park Lane. Excellent English/ au- 
dio-typing/ general know-how + keen to learn 
admin. £arguable. 

Tel: Roli 408 0501. 8-10 am or 6*9 pm today/ 
tomorrow only, ihen 1 1-5 any weekday. 


We need a bright. self-moUvated. hard- working, accurate 
Secretary with confident telephone manner who Is smart, 
punctual and practical and looking for an melting career 
or port unity near Guildford. Surrey. Ago tm material al- 
though some experience an advantage. Good salary and 
prospects for rtghi applicant. Ring Godaiming (04868) 
4456 for an application form. 


You will need one lo cope with this man. S/h or 
audio, knowledge of WP or willing to learn. He 
will even pay you a salary circa £8,500. possibly 
more if you are really good. Central location. 

Word Associate* 

01-377 6433 


Member of Tbe 
European Parliament 

Responsibfcties mdude iaisan 
with c* ess, rtdustry and com- 
merce. schools and local 
onpnisations. as wU as basic 
secretarial work Based al Bq- 
qm Hi. mainly working sola 
ihe post oners scope to mitia- 

live and organsing aNrty IBM 

Disptaywnter used: an interest 

n computers necessary, first- 

class secretarial skis and 

expei ence m a post oi lespon- 

smty indispensable. Starting 

salary ol £8.000 + car afow- 

anra negotiable. Handwritten 

applications with typed cv. lo 
Peter Price MEP, 7 Jumper 
Close, Biggin Hill, Westertisn. 
Kent, Ttflo 3LZ. 

CE950B + Bnkiag belts 

2 Even involved with 
electronic baakmg and the 
development of high-tech 
iwk+its are loading Tor a well 
educated tec wnh good skills 
and WP. Veiy interesting job 
for someone wnh a knowledge 
of comRuuvs or electronics. 

Tet Carofine WaHtoger. 

01-486 6951 



rharailnavftilorgartncrvln Wl 
arrhiimv rnendlv peopto Apr- 
2635 Cl 0.000 JouiTiwiitc 
rami Ol 379 3515 
C_ ES.7SO Rrrrp Typist for Mw Bank in KnlghttbrMbr 
Busy oatlllon WP knowtoogp 
rvvcnllal. Call A note Gordon. 
Staff Inlrodurtlom «86 6981 
CMAJRMAM LEVEL vh serio art 
as rrtirt on niter floor for Cilv 
hank CP 500 bins mon 
wood bouse Her Cans. 01-404 

brrrrrtary lor Marketing Orpt. 
Clly Bank. C8.SOO + ektl perks 
Mrrrow Emp Agy (The Lan 
oungr Specialists) Ol -636 1487 
BART-TME bKirlay. PA re- 
amred for reeponslbto lob 
■mohlnu rlirnls. unagl nation, 
and mlliative lor Inlcrtor dr 
signer 01 736 9016. 
Permanent A tempor a ry pot! 
Horn AMSA SprelaUU Rec. 
Com Ol 734 0632 
Poh+doL Ihe agency for 
tonuiugr serrelanre about 
uiuuue literary perm. post. 
PtHyolol Agmrv 01 247 6242. 
rhotoe of rrralfvr X4» at Covenl 
Garden Bureau. HO Fleet Si.. 
EGA 353 7696. 

PA CntpnhSH Cl 2.000 Lan- 
guage Stall Agv. 01 456 8922 
RERSIAM/ENaUSn rpk robege 
leaver Bl Hngual SH. £7000 
Language Stoll Agy 488 8972 
let tel C7300 Language Staff 
Agv 01 4SS 8922. 

surresofui Vice Chairman of a 
prestigious tniernallonal invest 
mew company need, a 
r<j nlldenl. allrarttve and tectal 
ly pohea rtgnl hand lo organae 
ms tony diary and travel timer 
arlev. greet menu and 
generally help ms superb off ires 
in B ctkrty Souare lo Uck over 
smootMy in rus frequent ab- 
sence. 80 66+ 2 yrs sec. exp. 
Small '12+1 frtendiy company. 
Age 21-24 Please rah 437 
4187 89 Hotel Ones Rec Cons. 
CO OP MORMRia to (£6000 with 
July review Presugtoas pm ate 
investment bank with superb 
offices in Berkeley Souore re- 
mares a part-time receptlonot 
to be mvoheo ui a variety of 
duiles inrtudmg handling 
U4IMWM. greeung clients and 
organrung boar dr oom Some 
experience and a friendly pro- 
fesncmal approach essential. 
Mornings only. 01 434 4612 
Crone CorMII RerrulimcM 

rn advertising? There's V4 

nety and lots to learn as 
secretary to a charming ac- 
count executive who will 
happily pass Ihe daily admtn ot 
her office lo you and m volte 
you in all a s pec ts at a small, 
busy agency ui Wl. Some ahd, 
audio + good typing Confident. 

methodical approach. C&600 
rev lew afler 3 mltn Please ran 
01-457 *187. 98 Hotel Ones Rec 

Sought by ewlustve Park Lane 
law llim LoK of erraonal work 
(both domestic and buctnessi. 
Ihe emphasis being on PR and 

rbent Hmon so legal experience 
not reouned Good education, 
social confidence and senior- 
lev el experience mcntn l Good 

lymng naty shorthand re- 
Qtiesind Age 21-75. Salary 
1 1 0.000 Pteasr teirphonr 01 
493 5787 Gordon Vales 

Consul Unry 

TAX TOUR MAWO This diverse 
inientalMnal travel and pub- 
fa stung araantaaiMn with 
fatoiloui Qfftcm in Wl need a 
Hvetv PA la work fur their 
group tan advisor. Organise tils 
extensive travel an- o nge m en i B 
and diary- provide ceeretanal 
support and beroro e an imoor 
lanl part of imr nappy Irani 
Ski Us BO 60 audio. ‘A' level Ed. 
2 vrv exp Aar 21-26. Sal 
E9.60O+ 5 wks hois Please rail 
Hobtunes Rec Cons. 

■ Mil I IIMIS junior secretary re 
mured lor prefewonal how 
group, where smart presen la 
uon and a flexible atuiude Win 
eorn you outok premolidn r 

C8.000 + nr benefits This la 
mil caw gf a number of hmior 
HK ure rurrenlly have II you 
have ropy, audio or Hi Mb 
Pfeatc ring asap or arad CV to 
Pam or Lynne Covenl Garden 
AoPtk 42 Tavistock St. WC2 
01 836 6886 

LEAVER £7,000--. 
Tins large US OU Co. with var 
tod busmevs Interests needs a 
bright enthuuaslir secretary lor 
2 young managers in me Insur- 
ance DcM Vou wdl m bi lovcb 
offices in Mayfair one use your audio. BO lyn. and WP 
ckUls lo deal with frequent I rav- 
el arrangements and 
correspandenre-. PkHC cab 
Hotel ones. Rer Cons on 437 
4187 89 


K you are 21-26 and the most 
out-gang and «eH pre se nted 
candidate ne aiterecw you will 
law the opportunity to tie it 
charge ot every aspect ol 
ofgan sm g m-axnpany cowses 
for oi* cherts You enHiusasm 
catfnrttmert and eye tu detail 
wifi be md mwanied wulong n a 
busy a tmosphere anrh a small 
and InemJJy leant. SUIsol 80/60 


01 301 0233 

etHJ«S+ baas 

Pooed. raohdrul and totally 
prof e ssional 7 then you win 
romptemrnl the senicr 
Amertran DPrrtor of this 
iradlng Merchant Bank 
Currently oUblnhUig a new 
Eurobond dtviaon m wiu 
mni him won the many 
Aperts including markrtrng 
publiraucca and training 
progranunrs. bnman4ato 
ynnWH and rweOria 
skills rpouBvd 1 100 bOmlni 
Pte^c rabfnr.H^hw delmts 
01-283 UB 

KBiMaorasreat ukxmwmp* ■ 
rareiiBSiacMatsa m 
nrt LB. 600 An opportunity for 
a good 2nd Jobber 19-ZZM 
learn about Personnel work at 
Director Irsel. and widen ineir 
range or verreiarial experience. 
Excellent career proaperts wim 
in uik Mum National Co tor a 
well presented anirulaie person 
with a good secresarial hack 
ground. A Irsel c-durallon. Call 
Margaret 405 6045. Kingslartd 
Pecx Core 

search companies and compiled 
press cuttings as pari of yoor 
very varied day. backlog up the 
Mergers train ol mis frtendly 
management consultancy eo 
L <r your « s.h SB typ and 1 
vrv sec exp lo deal wilh cone 
spondenrr. airangr Iravrl and 
Veep the office iK-king over 
Early 20's please Can 
Hoboonrs Rec Cons on 437 
4187 89 


C9.S00+ mo shi The senior 
partner of this small and very 
friendly lirm of surveyors 
needs a secretary who would 
like lo learn how to do the 
books A flair tor figures and 
amir air typing «sO wpm) essen- 
ual Knowledge of VAT A 
PAVE would be useful toil 
training will be given Please 
frirphonr Caroline Ki ng A re 
pom Invents on Ol 499 8070 
generous expe ns es. This uiiusu 
al posiuon offers tne opp. to 
inert new people and veal new 
ptores as you carry out a re- 
soon stole aanrin p m iwreed rote 
Providing your services where 
Ihev are m«« reouired. you win 
(ravel throughout me UK wilh 
all your uvmg expenses paid 
Skills 90 .’60 wpm Synergy. 
Ihe recruitment consultancy 
01-637 9533 9 

Sought by small, high-grade m 

vrsiramts office or S« James 

Park. General correspondence. 

office admin and slock ox 

change ms oHemml make Hits a 

varied and mterrslina position 

Friendly, relaxed environment. 

6 weeks hoMday Good 
shorthand typing reguested. 
Pteuse telephone- 01 403 S787 
Gordon Yates Consultancy 

Super opportunity for a young, 
high calibre sec working one- 

10- goe on Nol tonal promotions 
lor inn top cosmetic* house. 
Genuine scape for creativity 
and m-deoin involvement 
Larue CO benefits and excel ten! 
prnvpms Accurate skills 
1 80 SSI cwnllll Age 22+ 
Pfcw telephone Ol 493 6787 
Cordon V ales Consultancy 

cosnvHics house seeks dynamic, 
french speaking sec to work 
one loow with young, high- 

flying manager. Lots of naaon. 
admin and orgamsmp make this 
an ansorblng. stimulating post 
lion Excrtlenl Skill* MOO 60' 
A k-vol French and al least l 
its exp tetentul Age 20-24 
Please lei Ol 409 1232 The 
Work Shop 

LEGAL c£l<MM0 Large IrMKBy 

011- solicitors wnn lovely mod. 
era offices require 3 serrelanes 
for Lingalton. Properly. Com 
pans law and Floallng posnwns 
all at partner level. Perks in 
rludr BUPA. llfr assurance, 
pension, lunch allowance and 
shnppnig discount If you are 

22* wilh legal esp. please can 
in confidence Mr Thompson. 
828 57*2. k’uigstand Legal. 

OCEAN WAVES!! £9000 - Small 
siupcunq company seeks pa lo 
Chairman A MO. %ounq. toefy 
anti verv inrndlv srt up Lois of 
PR and praraolunal work. 
Ilorang with rlienls and han- 
dbng telephone work Hr Vou 
vhotrid have good typing, rutty 
shorthand and al kusi some sec- 
manai rapmrnro Aar 21* 
Please Irt Ot 409 1252 The 
work Shop 

irraaUonal Leisure 

Eiilenainmrni Co in Wi 1 reg 
PA Sec lo km wnn new 
protect* SH Typ 80 OO. B IHIk- 
audio 4 WP Some las legal 
arrounlanry or market re- 
search hark wound an ads 
Vrrv mleresimg fob with won- 
derful perks Age 2S ■ 35 CaU 
dame a« 5778. kmgviana 
Peis Cons 

STEP UP TO ESjOOa 4 s-ouna 
last rauvinq companv vreks a 
learn Spirrlrd serretary lo work 
al dirixloc level Lots of contort 
with liiirmatonul clk-ms. so a 
<yiod onone manner and a 
knowH-agrol insurance needed 
90 MAJknte*ii .pirae-vi1*- 
phOia- Ol 210 3551 iCMvl or 
01 240 3531 351 1 lum Endi. 
ElUdMh Hunt Rrcruitiurm 
Consul LanK 

w ilnoul 6 H C7.000 A bngm 
L Heviblp young 5errelor> ■C L 
oi 2nd Jobber i cv rrennred by 
Ihe- lively young Kensington 
based PR Co Apobrants should 
he Mrll educated and well pre 
venled and mfoy lefephonr 
luiXHi. ortunung jv well as 
Ivpim CaH Lorraine 005*148. 

kmgsiand Pers Cons. 

£ 10,000 

Old money easy manners and elegant Mayfair surroundings 
lend a distinctive style ro this charming (private) merchant 
bonk. As PA to MD. your social skills will set ihe tone in your 
dealing with dienes. Thereafter, your handling of meetings, 
appointments, travel etc and your sure touch in private 
affairs will complete the picture of all-round excellence. 
Ideal you will have director-level experience. Accurate 
shorthand and good typing are essental. Age 23+ . Please 
telephone 01 -493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 

(Recruitmenc Consultants) 



5enkv posi«w with Management Consultants Should relate 
wefl to people and have an outgong personalty. Scope to 
expand. EkceHenl presentation and skas. 

01-583 1034 
Meredith Scott 

(Reauttmen! Consultants) 



Experienced Interviewers required for ourCuy branches, lo 
join successful and hapy icom. as a result of cvpanston. 

01-499 9378 

Legal Audio See 
£10.000+ Excell 
Benefits. Pinr level. 
Legal or C/A's exp. 
West End Sols. 

Legal Audio Sec 
£10.000+ Varied 
Perks. Trusi/Private 
Clients. Pinr level. 
Well estab City Sols. 




300 High HoBxoti 



Wo require a hard working 
and icspunsiblr person lo 
noil for iwo of our Pircciars 
al our new office in 

ChhhI shorthand and iiping. 
speeds arc rsscmaL 
Kitarv is ncpmaMr and will 
reflccl the successful appli- 
cants experience and ihe 
importance wc aiiach lo Ihe 
job. Fringe benefits include 
profit sharing, clothes allow- 
ance and S0% discounl. 
tll-741 a.Vln/9.141 


Large London Budge co of- 
fer £10.000 for sec/PA. no, 
shonhand! Working for 1 di- 
rector. prestigious position, 
scope for advancement 
Caff now. 493 £35 

Atlas Emp Agy. 

GERMAN 'MUSIC £8.000 The 
Manwig Director of ihn lam 
ous ihpaiHral niuriLin.nq hoove 
neete a bright secretary wilh 
flueril German lo . omirtrf'Sv 
orgaiuve mv das- Leas rt conlocl 
wilh Ihefr gublnhma houses m 
Vienna ond Frankfurt SO 50 
skill* needed PI rave lelerhone 
Carmine King Appoinunmis on 
01 499 8070. 


IfcSOCi Jeui I nr, well known 
prafesvional body and provide 
an infcxmaiton service by leie- 
phone lo members ol Ihe public 
Beautiful offices and subMdLwd 

lunch 40 wpm typing ability 
needed Please telephone pi 
2403551 • or Ol 2403511 
l West Cndi Uiratarui Hunt Re 
rruumenl Comulhinu 

Maior t reunite seeks pa sec la 
senior lecturer She travels 
worldwide % ou will thus co-or- 
dinate travel, look offer admin 
and handle correspondence 
Some medical exp useful, net 
esseniial Good skills 190 oOi 
and a mature outlook reguesi- 
ed Please lei Ol 409 1232 The 
Work Shop 


Puhliv Rclaiions fumpanv 
hxjuirrs Secretary with 
pun] sh-jnhj nd /typing 

speeds. 5 dav week, vilan 
arnunil £*_■’! Hi Varied job 
tnlurmal. small companv. 
-\nv ap:. 

Please phunt or write 10’- 

Stephen Dams 
Cratreburst Ltd 
8/10 Partway 
London NW1 7AA 

Tel: 0668 


c£ 10,000 

Assisttni: the Head nf 
Fiiuncc and Admintsira- 
k|i-m wnhm lop k’n> fimi I 
will priii nle viiu with Jm- 
plc oppijrl units In liaise 31 
I’annci level and use >uur 
i-vpi-fk-me dealinf: mih 
I highly LOfUidenlul mailers. . 
(■■Hid sh A audio csscniul. 
\tc .VWU. 

Call 588 5081. 


Public Relations 
£8, 500 pa 

We are seeking a hard 
worFliyg. well presented 
srireian for 2 of our ac 
counl executives If sou 
emus a hit In onyiron- 
menl and lols of 
insoriemeni. please .wpfv 
in yy tiling wtlhCS asaplo: 

Jane Davies 
1 LowUnr Gardens 
Prince Consort Road 
London, SW7 2AA 
or Tckfll 581 1721 

RECEPTIONIST £8000 - Small, 
eleaanl slv listi properls co seek 
yy.-ll pre-wnied person to lcs>k 
j||i+ Irani desk Housed in 
revmliiul surrauiiaingy vnu 
>,■11 l.-nk afler rlienls el, olid 
help mil wilh some is Ping 
Good kevboard skills and SsP 
esperoxirr rrviuesled Sue ri - 
Plrase IrieMtone -M WI S7H7 
Goc-lon S ales Consullancv 

Our rlieni .-Insrlv rannecled lo 
Ihe munlrsside seeks a sorre. 
I.iry lo min their twlmiliirral 
■In r-iini An interesl in the field 
an-l °0 50 sk ills needed PkM-e 
l'.|--phoiH- Ol 240 JSSI -Cm - or 
Ol ^40 3531 -Sv-s: End- EIim 
helh Hnnl Recruiimenl 
i onsullanrs 


Sonuhl te small privairiv 
nwned and hmnrs sucre«s|.j| 
pi opens y’cxiipanv Suiperb 
kej Cud .din es LuitHy 
-l-imils ’ atmosphi-re Txeellenl 
allround ovpenenre Arrurale 
skillsTO J5esserlial Ag> IN* 
S-iLus 116500 Pfe.tse tel O! 409 
1233 Thr Work Snog 


room suite Brvmano bv 
2aiK>lla (supplied ns ubeny’s* 
glass table 80x160 wilh 8 Mark 
leather chairs Scarcely used 
Cl. 600 Olio Tel 01-722 9987 
alter 7 OOmn 


12 II wide Wilton carpels re 
dured from C 22 per vq yd In 
[o.SOsg yd. Chanrcrs Carpels. 
97 99 cien.env.eli Rd. London 
E C1. O l 405 0453. 

FINEST dualils wool carpets Al 
trade wires and under, also 
available lOO’s evlr.i Large 
room sue remnants under hall 
ncxmal pnre Chancery Carpels 
Ol 405 046S 


ri-rlunqukir Evellenl rnndi 
linn WmicT Slump Sale Sue 
ILL'S and order iww 0625 
5 'S 72 I 

TICKETS for any menl Cals. 

■M.nliunl Evp Ctv-sv Lrs Mis 

All re and sports TOl 

eolt-'KS 0495 

■Its \ isa Diners 
St.irlighl Exn Chess Les .Mis 
All llta-ufrr and -ports 
T.+- R 2 ltoelb 9 ^H 0495 
A E\ l is.i Diners 
SEATFtKOERS Any m ml inr 
Cals C-.urnl Gdn. Slarlignl Exp 
Ci i? 2 B 1678 Nuier credit 


General Appointments 


A foreign company based in Central Africa 
wishes to employ a Briion who should te qual- 
ified in purchasing raw materials including, 
but not limited to. cotton yarn, steel and agri- 
cultural ilems. The candidate should have a 
proven recoid of honesty and demonstrate a 
record of having woriced in a recognised and 
well established organisation. He should also 
hold professional qualifications either in pur- 
chasing or ihe field of accounting. He should 
be conversant with Third World purchasing 
and procurement procedures. Please forward 
CVs to BOX D9CL 


Residential Lettings 


As London's fastest growing letting agents we 
require additional negotiators. If you have ini- 
tiative. self-motivation and enthusiasm ring 
now. Experience prcfered - ear drivers essential. 

Pamela Berend 01-722-7101 
S Wellington Road London NWg 



rnci* of 

with C.\ 

for SI James"-. Art 
(fralinq ll* l9lh 
painliiigs E.spcn- 
art world and 
rsscniLil Apply 
lo Bh\ D81 . The 
Virmnia Sln+I. 
El ®D 

vpreiaimnq in ir.mvallaiiiir 
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A guide to 
career choice 

Should you view TV as a job? 

Bruce Parker, presenter of the regional 
news-magazine programme. South To- 
day . is well-known to viewers in the 
BBC South area. Bruce prefers the title 
TV journalist. People think his job is 
glamorous, not realizing that the eve- 
ning programme is the culmination of a 
day spent gathering news, and scripting 
and editing some of his own stories- 

“Preseming the programme is almost 
incidental” he says. “I may get to the 
studio only eight minutes before we go 
on air.” The day's work has been 
wherever the news stories have hap- 
pened, so it is a job requiring waterproof 
jacket, hat and wellies rather ’ than 
business suit. A 1 4-hour day is not 

On air, he needs to think on his feet, 
anticipating problems. Anyone can read 
from an autocue, but presenters may 
have to alter their scripts, ad fib or deaf 
with an item that comes in during 
transmission. Off-the-air timing is tight 
Last week. Bruce was still feeding the 
third main story on the national news 
“up the line” to London two minutes 
after the bulletin had started. 

Most people working in television do 
not appear on the screen. The BBC has 
30,000 employees (television and ra- 
dio): ITV companies vary, from 
Thames with more than 2,000 staff to 
Channel TV with 70. Of these, only a 
handful are familiar faces. Jobs in TV 
fall into five main areas: technical: 
creative, including directors, designers, 
make-up artists: a combination of both 
— camera, sound, vision mixing: jour- 
nalistic researchers, news writers, jour- 
nalists. and administrative staff. 
Performers — actors, dancers and 
entertainers - are not directly employed 
by companies, but paid on a freelance 

Beginning a series on 
the media, Beryl Dixon 
looks at the most 
glamorous section 

pets and radio after university. Spend- 
ings period in lie regions and becoming 
trusted by London to send in national 
news items is a good training ground for 
national TV. 

Michael Buerik, Jenni Murray and 
Kate Adie all be^n in local radio, 
moved to BBC South television and 
then to national news and current 
affairs. Andrew Harvey of the Nine 
o’clock News, Bob Wellings and many 
senior figures in the BBC current-affairs 
hierarchy are also products of the BBC 
South newsroom, and Glyn Mathias 
crossed to 1TN after working there as an 
off-screen journalist- 

Lucky breaks help, but people who 
make things happen for themselves are 
more likely tok succeed. Bruce Parker 
was writing for his local paper at 1 4, and 
at university freelanced for Fleet Street 
papers, including The Times. After 
university he taught for several years 
but at the same time talked his way into 
a job with Channel Islands Schools 
Radio. Then he persuaded the BBC in 
Bristol that a reporter was needed in the 
Channel Islands. 

Next came the offer of a nilMune 
contract from BristoL and he had to take 
a risk. He left his safe teaching job. Then 
came a spell in Brighton, followed by 
the move to Southampton, where he is 
still employed on a contract basis. 

Training schemes do exist for produc- 
ers, studio managers, news reporters, 
make-up artists and technical staff, 
mainly with the BBC. In addition to the 
graduate schemes, courses are .run 
periodically for make-up artists and 

*• 4 1 

Some succeed by writing 
speculative letters 

Television is. of course, made up of 
different companies: the BBC with its 
two channels: and independent televi- 
sion — 15 programme companies under 
different ownership but working in a 

57 T&Hfcaratfrannt 

Kate Adie: A start in local radio 

letters — some jobs are advertised: in the 
national press. The Listener (BBC) and 
Broadcast (ITV). 

In every case it is imperative to 
understand the job's requirements, and 
apply only if qualified. TV companies 
are inundated with letters from hopefuls 
wanting to do “anything in television”. 
Says one personnel officer “l feel like 
replying, saying that I have passed their 
letters to the manager of the Anything 

Individual job titles vary in ITV and 
BBC but the following positions nor- 
mally require relevant experience or 
participation in one of the few well- 
regarded courses such as those at 

normally every vear for audio and 
camera staff, the 'latter schemes being 

camera staff, the latter schemes being 
opened to young people with science O 

Training in ITV is more patchy. Some 

Electronic engineers are 
in short supply 

network, showing some programmes 
simultaneously nationwide; ITN, which 
is jointly owned by all 1 5 companies; 
TV-am. and Channel 4. differing from 
the others in that it produces no 
programmes and therefore employs 
neither production nor camera staff. 

Now for the all-important question: 
how to get in? Rumours abound that 
you must be an Oxbridge graduate. Ves. 
■ numerous Oxbridge graduates work in 
TV. The BBC runs three prestige 
training schemes for graduates in pro- 
duction. news and studio management 
Of 749 applicants for the news trainee 
scheme last year, 1 30 came from Oxford 
and Cambridge. 

Getting in depends on a combination 
of qualifications, timing and luck. The 
right qualification is vital. Many jobs 
are highly specialized, requiring specific 
qualifications or experience. Some peo- 
ple get them by writing speculative 

Ravensboume in south London: pre- 
senters (ITV) “link” programmes, often 
ad-libbing. Previous experience in en- 
tertainment is usually required, al- 
though traineeships are occasionally 
advertised. News readers, current af- 
fairs and documentary presenters are 
often experienced journalists or re- 

Set and costume designers have art- 
school backgrounds. Lighting directors, 
transmission controllers and vision 
mixers usually have relevant skills and 
experience in some aspect of television. 
Producers, at ITV at least, have a 
variety of backgrounds, often as direc- 
tors. while production assistants, re- 
sponsible for all programme 
arrangements from administration to 
continuity, are former secretaries. 

Most journalists in TV come from 
newspaper journalism or local radio, 
and most have degrees. Debbie Thrower 
at BBC South started in local newspa- 

schemes exist but independent compa- 
nies rely more heavily on recruiting 
against a specific vacancy and providing 
any necessary training or recruiting 
from certain colleges and giving top up 
training. Only four companies have full- 
time training officers. There is also a 
strong tradition of poaching experi- 
enced staff from the BBC. 

An area in which it is' usually 
possisble to find employment is engi- 
neering. Television is suffering, like the 
rest of Britain, from a shortage of 
electronic engineers. r 

One tradition started by the BBC and 
followed by the independent companies 
is that of allowing established employ- 
ees to re-train for other jobs, so that, 
with the warning that it is for from an 
automatic process, it is possible to get 
your foot in the door and work your way 

Careers leaflets are available from the 
BBC Appointments Department, 
Broadcasting House. London WIA 
1 AA, and a book. Careers in T eleyision, 
published by the ITV Companies 
Association, is available in bookshops. . 

Legal App o in tments 

Principal Solicitor 

£17,601 - 918,699 (POJ) 

The Council wishes lo recruit a Solicitor to advise on 
development, planning, highway and property mauers. 
It will provide an outstanding opportunity for someone 
with at least five years post-qualification experience to 
develop their expertise in these ffdds. The council has 
an ambitious programme of town centre redevdop- 
mentand to achieve this has formulated a large road 
building and pcdesirianisaiion programme. There are 
other commercial developments taking place which 

also require substantial legal input. The successful per- 
son. apart from having a sound knowledge of the taw. 
needs to have flair and initiative so as to play a full role 

needs to have flair and initiative so as to play a full role 
in the business process of the Council. 

Applicants must ahve relevant experience but it is not a 
requirement that all or any of this should h 3 ve been 
gained in the public sector. 

Benefits include a generous relocation paefcae in ap- 
proved cases, flaexible working hours and a staff 

For an informal discussion, ring Ley land 
Birch (Chief Solicitor) 01-303 7777 Ext. 
2040, or apply to him at the Civic Offices, 
Broadway, Bexleyheath, Kent DA6 7 LB 
(Ext. 2011) for an application form and fur- 
ther details. 

dosing dote 11 April IMG. 

flw pool ta subject to Ho LMBSC Bfag Ftnc* procodoro. 
With their pwrinlaa H t» now bring offered mm mrt- 
xlr fct od basis- Ipr fc Mi w arm plUcolarfr w lrnmt traa 
twHiliu lo the 6tC London Boroughs and MCCl 


BnrFUVJ liSTOjqilh' 


Registrar's Division 
writ requre a SENIOR ADMINIS- 

(STATISTICS] wfien me post 
tails vacant a) Uie end at Aprt 
1986 Appfccams should be 
graduates with ansderaUe nu- 
merate abthty and an eye lot 
accuracy Duties include the 
preparation at stattsncal and ft- 
ronoal maws la Hu College's 
long term external and internal 
plannmg. use ol computer and 
an understand ng ot FORTRAN 
programming, committee wort 
and me administration ol loans 
and Bursaries. Salary m Grade IA 
range tor acadenwally-reiated 
stall £7.055- £12.780 + E1.297 

Further derads and mutation 
lorms avadabte horn the Rego- 
trar. llmverertv College London. 
Gower Street. London. WCIE 
6 BT (tet 01-387 7050 ext 

Oasmg date 7 Apr* 1986 



Appmiiotn are milled from 
qialiuln. or lho*e nwrimg 
is graduate m 1986. wt>o are 
former nuwls of (he Mmrh» 
Irr Grammar Srtiool. lor 



AppUraUons are United (or a 
Ireiureship m Computer 
SfWwe. r enable from In 
Orlobrr I 986 AnUcmU 
wm» irwrm uiierml* in any 
area of Computer Gamer win 
nr considered. but 

preform ber may be qnm lo 
lliwo Kim Inlrmu in 
Software Engineering. 

The intitule, widen h closely 
moruM w«n II* Faculty of 
Serial Sciences. » federation 
of -acuon-mearch** unHs n 
» ireUlli lo appoint a One 
lor who will be a fidLdme 
member of the start of IBOSS 
and ol Brunei University The 
aaommmem will be lor three 
years in I he first Instance. 
The Cured or wdl tweeted lo 
«ir leadership lo BIOSS and 
K, develop h»» or her own self- 
financing research. U Is 
eninaged UiM ihr work of the 
Director wiu absorb between 
one-linn and two-IHIM or the 
lime of rhe successful candy 
dale For this work a 
rontnbobon of -E7000 per 
annum lo uMai salary tsavaU- 
able. The Director wui have 
lo neoouaie funds to «apst 
the remamfnv pan of his or 
her salary, which wlU attract 
US& benefits 

Please send a setf-addresaed 
rnirfope for usIKMMn lorm 
and further details lo uw Pee- 
sonnet Secretary. Brunei 
UmvrrsKy. UeUrtOge. Middle, 
sex. use 3PH. Ootong dale: 
18 April 108*. 

in I he Faculties of APTS. 
Values aft for Slate 
SMdnmNpr. one year 
awards nui may be renewed. 

Candidate, num hair re 
erned all or pari of their 
education a! We MasmwPf 
Grammar School ParHruUrs 
and appUraltoo lorms (return- 
able b> May 3lsli from (he 
Rwlrar. The Umiersuy. 

Manchester. MIS WPL. 

Salary on I hr scale £8.020 - 
LIS. 700 wilh US& 
Applications «3 coptesi 
lununs three referees shoidd 
he sent by Id April i486 lo 
The Deputy Reonlrar. 
science Laboraionc. South 
Boat. Durham. Qhi SLC. 
Horn whom further 
particulars may be obtained. 


Appbrabom are Inifled for 
I he rnnMjrsnre Office, Arm 
r ia no 1 1 SludenUMp tenable at 
I he unnermy of Nottingham 
Iran 1486-89 

The remarrh student will be 
i canned lo work on the eial 
ualKin of me natural hazard, 
(ami by srterted I own, and 
riUe, m lire Middle Cost Re- 
warm will conrenlrafe on 
hazard, such *i earthoualce,. 
Hooding and aggressive saline 
soils groundwater 

Assistant in the 
Academic Office 

Appbrations are inilh-d irom 
Demons houuog a good hon- 
ours dcrarec or cmavalml 
auaiifirafion for a pod d Ad 
minnlralne Aualanl tai the 
Arjdmur Office of llm Cof 
frpp. The apoomlmenl wilt 
commence as soon as promote 
and wdl he fora period ol Iwo 
yean in the liral imlanre The 
salary wiB be on the smfte 
£7.055 Cl 2. 790 (under re 
liewi ilinneeawr 

Ad rain h, Irons e staff Grade 
I A# 

Appurallmi, ilwo copies) gv- 
ing full detail, of age. 
quaUftraupo, and expenenre. 
logrther with l he name, and 
addresses of Uiree referee. 
Should be seal by Monday. 
Tin April. !M6 lo Mra M E. 
Mar Donald. tl HUf lWy Col 
lev- of North wan. Banaor. 
Gwynedd. LL57 2DC. from 
whom lurlher particular, 
iaw be sMained 

Young Lawyer 

International Investment Banking 

A Hrsl run degree In Geogra- 
Ohi. Oology or 

Cnsironmetiud Science* 
would be appioortalr. 



The student will be expected 

in ir.,v rf and work In me 
MHidir Cam 

We are seeking a young lawyer to join the busy legal 
department of this major investment bank, which is involved in 
all aspects of international finance and Euro-market transactions. 
As one of our lawyers, you will be required to act in a general 
advisory capacity and to assist in the documentation and 
administration of transactions undertaken by Manufacturers 
Hanover Limited. 

The ideal candidate will be a recently qualified Solicitor wiih a 
good academic background, preferably with some relevant 
experience, but more importantly, with the enthusiasm and 
ability to perform well in a dynamic and demanding 

Team spirit and an outgoing personality are pre-requisites, as is 
the ability to communicate at all levels. 

A competitive salary will be offered, together with a generous 
benefits package, including subsidised mortgage. 

Please send a full CV to General Manager - Personnel, 
Manufacturers Hanover Limited,? Princes Street, London 

r.HNiirfairi interr-flcd M lh» 
u iHb-nisme ihouta write us Dr 
i C Ooncilkamp. Deparrmrid 
of Craqnntfiy. Imrrtfy of 
NMiuiutwira. Lnneruty Parti. 

Null Utahan, NG7 3RD. enrkn- 

■nw .■ lull luinruium vitae 

oi«t ll>- iwmn of hum 1 rcWr 
•— Clovmg dab- lor 
■ipplranom n 51 MftfCtl 



The dnunnwl to tavlWW 
^ppllnttlon, lor the putt of 

prjurtmfi'Ud AimBWIrMor 

lo w wl *hr Head of 
DmartrTOTii .on nv»tt#« 

rrUUng » IlMBCP. 4W0«rt 
jdraMNon. p*rwjMiN »hd 
bunding jdtnlnmrauon. TTrt, 
„ -a rhallmgmg P«»Uon 
n - u t a ring a pm w w * h 
rtMRrW tortiww In 
. pliw n imrabop and a ■ if« 
dial of IMIialKp Salary oo 
xatr CB55S Cl 0077 u toe. 
la AwmuoiB. me. mil m- 

37ld thf IWBC9 « IW <> 

nwm. bn wni w. 

D*o»rtm«iiAl Srcrrtonr. 

Opparlmcnt of Com&uwr 
yrmr. UnlvofNly CollPtl* 
Londcm. GOinW SRWL 
Loadoa WCIE 6HT Irani 
whan, lurthmr mfonBabon 
md' bp ubUlnad. 





National Westminster 
Bank Chair in 
Business Finance 


LnTitfrr m Hraiui Economic, 

The Unlianlly invim applt- 
ralums for the National 
tftrumnwcf Bank Chair tn 
HORr« Finance in Uw Far- 
!L , 01 . Admintv 

rtalioii lUanchfoter BuRnos 
IJjt Chair ha, re 
ri-iujy became iaranl 
f^unwmg ite. atUMintmenl of 

ChurchHI Col- 

■T Cambrtaqp Apbhranl, 

WwtW have a googSSSSS 

rr- 4 -arcn rarrwd andaKoirw 

ffUtUqPinnil Arid fltunrul 

Applicauanv arr uiiHcd lor a 
LPCfurnr in waili frenonm 
in uw Conin' lor Dpirtoprnnrt 
Mik1k-> Thr -turrmful candl 
Mi will bn npnrtnd lo make 
a nunr rantnbulioii Is llif 
Lrnlrr". Mbc cpuxw in Eptdr 
iruwv and NnaUh PtaumnO 
hi low liranr Countnr^ 
frarhlng raihh P lw»*m 
MOHKnin. cbM bnnrfH aoaty- 
vjt and m-altti ptanmno aod 
comrinulmo lo. ii COWV 
irw nonwwi of Bin d«®iiv 

sector.- APDbcanl, ,hoiM 
lunr a posfiiradualn giM bllra - 
(khi m ixomihia and iwnr'J 
ami or i -x pcr kiar m the DHd 
B 4 hrxrflh pOKry. PTHerenre 
will ba alien hi randidab-i 
wim dm doping coiailry 

Inc .ippoanimcnL whirti win 
nr lor iwo year- Irom July t. 
I owe. will hr made Drrforably 
hI I hr lower end of Hie irate 
C78IB CI55» per pnnom. 
I wivr martirularv and aW 
inlion lorrmiaroptmiinawhe 
otiUoned h«n in* Personnel 
uuu-r. TbelnuerMt* Colleae 
Id iwumi. SlinMaii Park, 
hw.iiwea. 8PP. lo wFHrti 
drier inev xhouM w rdurtwd 
m I'nin. March 38 IMS 


Lean Frencfi in an interesting and vital way in the 
beautiful Doriogne Short cones, M M. Unmaaeq . 
lanotage ieboratories. video, Tv. French start, 

vats - Oiateaux, caves and histone towns. Activities 
include tenros, horse riding, canoeng and cookery. 

Further detail 
L'Ecote Hampshire 
24250 Veynnes-de-Oomme 

Td^TOhC (01033J3) 2&53.15 

The Hampshire School 
63 Enmsmore Gardens 
London SW7 

Telephone 584.3297/8 

University of Strathclyde 



The University invites appficaiions for a tWni Char 
which it proposes to estabSsh in its Department oi 
Martceftw. The successful carefidale wiR be expected to 

strengthen academic leadership in botfi teaching and 
research as weS as to assume appropriate 
adnhiisbafive lespotsSaHties. 

Further particulars and application forms (quote ref: 151 
86) are avaBaUe from the Registrar and Secretary. 
University of Strathclyde, McCance Braiding. 16 
Richmond Street, OasgowGI 1X0. 

Closing Date for Applications: 28 April 1986. 


PS Stonehouse, Glos 


Applications are invited by 29th April for the post of 
Head in succession to Mr. R.C. Poutton - who. Irtte his 
predecessors, has been a member of HMC - when he 
becomes Head of Christ's Hospital on 1st January. 

Details of die post and application forms may be 
obtained from the Secretary to the Count# of 

Gosvenors. Wycfifte College. Bursar's Office, Regent 
Street, Stonehouse. Gtos. GL10 2AD. 

Faculty of Laws 

from- October 1986 

Salary lingr £8020 - £16700 
♦ X12*7 London AlbwaM*. 
Appimoon,. wiu, a C.v m 
lumn and aitorran of Iwo 
rHrrr*, by Alh Arnl .1986 to 
DrparinN-nlal Sacrctary. Fac- 
ulty Of London WC 1 H OEG. 
from wrtom further Mrtlcu- 
tan may be onumcd. 
Preference will be given to 
soccialMs la toiernatoODal 
Law Commercial 
Law Shipping 
Law - InatuanCp Law. 

New Zealand 

Lcriuim and Senior 
LciToier in Law- 


Chair ' of fducoloa wKh 
vKW rrWre u ce lo education 
In dsvtHopfng countna, 
muMr at the uotuutc of 


Application, are Imiird for 
•9 Lrrturathlp or Senior 
Lfrtunsflip in The FMitoty 

of law, candMaies shouw- 

have a higher degree and 
preferably experience ' tn 
learhing.Tewarcti and pto- 
fnAioiut practice but not 
neressarUy ail three. While 
appIK-altons (ram candi- 
date* qualified ta any 
ftubtrcl will be considerea. 
preference will be given to 
those with special hums! 
and qualification. In one or 
more of Legal System. Law 
in Society. Contract. Torts. 
COmffUifionaf Law. Otmf- 
nal Law. Public Law or 
industrial Law. 

The Senate Invite appllcatlans 
for the atfpvp- CWtf. 
AppHcaUou, ,-flO «*a) 
«nukl be AanlrtMT lo the 
Teacher, - Sectmn CT) 
Univenlty Of London. MM 
StreeL London WCIE THU. 
from whom _ farther 
parfirular, thould Aral be 
obtamril. '■ 

The following salaries wfl] 
apply: Lecturer Scale; 
annum: Senior Lerturer 
Srale: NZS37.OODSOT.tXX} 
per annum. 

The rloMne date fur rgcotpt of 
appUnllon, 11 25 April 1986. 


Char of Analytical Chemistry 
at Birkbeck College 

Conditions of appointment 
are available from the Sec- 
rrtary CeneraL Assoetatfon 
of Commonwealth Untver- 
sHfes fApptsi. 36 Cordon 
Square. London WC1N 
. OPT: or from the Adndnte- 
Irative Assistant 

fAppotnimenisL vntorta 
Unlversny ' of Wellington. 
Private Bag. Wefllngion. 
New Zealand, wtih whom 
appncaiions close oo 19h 
April 1986. 

The Senate Invite 
appUcaBbns for the above 
newly-established Chair. 
Applications (10 copied} 
should be submitted .lo the 
Teachers' Section • «T] 
University of . London. 
Male! Street London 
WCIE 7HU. front whom 
further pabcuiafs should 
first be obtained. 

Business Information 
: ; V,J Service 


dosing date for recetpi of 
appUcaiions: 9 May 1986. 

University of London 



■ran, mbnHne wnk-r unit 
wtnun iw kinnmity Library 
• xeridng lo anpomi a new 
manaurr The service has a 
strong 1 M of mmaulaf mb- 
srnncri and other user, to 
whom it suopiir, current mar. 
Velina and financial data. 
There K Mo an anise pro- 
wairnne of looxfti reports 
and HiniNrv Services are 
tuned on ihr ubratVS exleti 
me uaintiral and biatneM 
liter at ure Hwmo suppte- 
merued by on -hoe- ayMems. 

ReKKUtMblllUr, (ortude 
porimu academic research 
inlemtft ami instrurUonai 

The Senate invire appneabom 
Cor the above Chair. Applica- 
tions (lO copicsj rttouM be 
subnulled lo the Teachers' 
Srrtion. rn unticrpiy oi 
London. Mate, StreeL London 
wcie THU. pom whom for- 
thn pantrulara should Oral be 

The cJosfng date for receipt of 
apcnralKini h 30 April 1986. 

A op lit and mould preferably 
hr eiuUM In information 
xvflff and should have 
expertenre of Che uses of nv 
foimalron sources for 
bmuirvv ptanntng and 

salary on the untverstty Sv 
ntor Library Staff H A srtde : 
CSXOO C1S.700 pa.. louiaJ 
ptanno • arrardtng lo 
uuaMKaltont. .- - . 

APPIK BMOIK. f 2 oopies. no 
Wrmi idler umewnwen or 
in black ink should give lull 
JiarkorOwM drtaus and tn- 


aMrrvm of two .rrfrfees. 
Fiplber ctrtail, from the 
Rrontrar. Uniieruty of 
Warwick. Coventry CVd 7AL 
auolinu ref no 33, B-86/J. 
iwmq date for recetpi of 
apoobi-aiion, I2Ui Apm 

Chair of Psychology 

AppUraltoni are invited for 
the Chau- and HradrtUp of the 

(ram October 1. 1986. 

Further parbndars may be 
□burned front the Begun ir. 
Utmeruty College ol 
SMiwe. SlnoMon Pam. 
Swansea. SA 2 8PP. to whom 
apphcalion >16 nwM should 
be wnt by WednrvUy. Apra 
30. 198b. 


Post- Doctoral 

London ftnnrr School flf- 
im .-HinunNv 3 p<yg Doctoral 
rcumrfum to toiutq men 
• and wrnnen who have reran 
rv coaiplcfed llwir doelorale. 
Tlie ohMitP iv 10 enaote 
vouna acadermr^ lo «oend an 
Mirirmr vnai ' 1 98697 In 
lht% invunrei si Europe's lead 

um irusriHw xrhool. The 
award allows lie noforr me 
lime k> complefe paper, devel. 

oprd hum iloclorar ICMailti. 

in turn irom me rolteagun in 
his her find ,y| LBS and lo la 
milbtrire hin«eh herself wnh 
lie war kinds of a major 
vrttnol Lorfi (mow 6 dl 
l.irlted lo a sere or amJ^mir. 
In evrepiioaiai raw me 
an aid mu. Or rxlended lo a 
•as- orei vrvir 

fund rial es w,n preferably 

have run rain red me repube. 

mmls of fhrir dorfo rate (n 
«k- oi I he following 
RimnPM Paiirv 

Orgaursalkoua] flrtiaviour 
l ronnmirv • 

Small Barm lew Management 

' rilMlaae 

Qprralroav. Mtounasoent 


IninrmalaCsi kunapemortt' 
lUM'Vi ftewnce 
Tlae .nvuirt r«tm an annual 
suLuv of L10S75 Appiira 
ikhis snredn mriudr a cwrrni 
t: ' wnh a sf.itrmrnl of the 
areas lo he rxiunred while at 
LHM. and should he vent K>. • 

Pi wr — nr K>hh W Hurt!. F»f 
ulli Dakin. London BinlnAs 
Si ho«. Sowcx Pure. Re gent, 
Pait. London ffWt «SA. 
T nUTKaoue Ot 2b3 0060 

Aobhr-aiaohs are ImltM for a 

Tav-iura-ihiD Lee H U M IM P . tn 
nrrhaterfurr. Apptmnu 
should ucneew rrcognned 

Quatafrr.ifKkns loc memberahip 
ol an apwoonair pruftmrored 

invtalide. and aradrtmc rale 
rxmre would be an WWt The 
appoaufee would be raaaulred 
lo [c.Kft Building Structure, 
"in the BA lArrh od era) 
-run w ulum and bramolied m 
arrhilrrhiraf si Lid an in any of 
Ihr 6 vrvir-, of Ihr rumndura 
The appolailer Vaould afeo be 
, Jfafe In lerntre on hnur ron 
ra*ts of slmrtmn and oftrx- 
an option ' course an lie B. 
•\crh caarrmilum 
. Annual . saiarus 

Nwrriwinunin are on (nr 
sa airs Hemor Lrrturer; 
HW2SOAO 336.180 (9 
pamilsj «C2*.7B0 24.460 

atvrns.t i^frrtiam awfidrnb 
A al rrhruary 19. 19861. 

Marling salary wall depend on 
giUWKfliam and npntCWr. 
Al ruaxenl raUra. lalam lax 
wad DM rvrrrd 17-- of pem 
inaomr Humui9 benefit, al a 

nraakri of 7---V of. salary, 
c lulftrria'v rtluraUOfi mow- 
an rev kwir png mcOJcal 
(wiirfiH arr pros Ided. 

I urUmr nxelirularv and aput- 
celion hams nut he obtained 
Iran I he Kerirvjry General 

AvMiatton of Common- 
weaim l iBicrsilirt (ApotoL 
36 Gordon sguare. Loodon 
MC1H Opr. Hong Kaag. 
CJPsrs 30 Aped 1986 

eUSMCSt tlUMES-Rreri 
Ad, nor and hWnxforVeguH 

Adi nor and bnlnxlorVrguircd 
tn Amninn bnuerstly m Lon- 
don Musi hair Maurr, drove. 
Anubraiim- Dr oh Taylor, 
three iot. Sfchiim- laita . i i M d ut mi ■ 
I nnerwlv. 61 56 Wglertoo' 
Road. Loodoai Sf.l 8TK. 


ApnbmDans arr IniUM bon , 
ty.vUufrra or thole expecting 
la graduate » IQ&O for 


in Ihr ' fobOwlaag laCiBheb 

anoiUNr, music, so- 

vault-, r as for Hair 
siuiirDhhtp, ifoc whMTi eilgt- 
ok- rJnalHUlrs - miM - aho 
aopfvr one year .award, nv 
wraiaMr m sortie ram. 
Pn i nruiara and rppptoratiofi 
for .ns iroimuable by May 
3i«*i (ion, inrRrtMnr- the 
I imifsalv- Mta n rh W lW. M13 


f-JV-e-w. ■> 


Professor of 
Industrial Design 
Professor of 

The Royal College of Art Is to apptwrt a Profes- 
sor of industrial Design anti a Profes sor o f 
Painting. Both vacancies arise from the rafire- 
ment of the.preseni Professors and wffl date 
from. 1st September 1986 . - L - 

Further d***»ii* are avaBabef from tha.Deputy 
Registrar, Royal Coflege of Ait, KansIng tO o 
Gore, London, SWT 2EU.7he ckwing ctate for 
appficaiions ia FifcfaylW* April 19K. btofr 
views wiB trice place in May.; 




. Lecturers in Law 

AppUcaiioi»*rHnwiiedft>r*lcciBftsiapiB Lawmwsfcftopere' 

iv Law. CtatodMo xbotJd prcfcartHy htwan inwmjn tooI 
tail sciMknhip and * wftbienes to dprty *s «t Ac MA «T 
Property Lan. 

Appta lions aicaho invitoJ tors one w toeWK^tfaLtW' *6 
itach Contract and Tort or Equity. Both WotaB to mfi ta 
torn t« Oetofccr NS6. - ' 

Safa»> acewdiag toqualificaDotaaad cxpcnca».»« » 60 »e e. . 
seta OLO»Vr I S.1W per nmm but ike wmI xp ti renu e at 
wd not be made abow the scvcuUl pond of the safc. . 

ootoR. viodte ta wetawwd and 
encouraged. The port 5 fix uwee 
van. kntfr from Sqptttntocr 

Sabn wjihm scta.tiUEQ - 

£15.700 PJL the ajjpobrtincm 
wiB be made m the lower hqlTef 
the scale -ftHicani mqucsli~for 
timber panirabn and appli ea- 
008 fcna » Paid Jobnwn. 
Estabtisboim and Staffing Ofll- 
iw. qsorie .it* • W/6MS. 
ttaBfatot.fwy tefcphnoe fVn- 
tossgrG. Ortftow 1 OS 1 W M5I7I. 
BaC-.’ 4901 for ~ mfemral 


Irt re WMm wqk - letcrftmhirr 

Unmrwyof WUm 



(Ref D5I) 



(Ref D52L 

Salary C8020 * -CIS 700. 
rcatmts i Hnionng _r*f«r 
enrol -for rjrtafl, -and 
apptoCWWn form To Staff 
mg OJner. UWBT. PO 
Boa eeCardUT. CFl 5XA 
Cttotag dale- 17U» Atnfl 

IHOniJi uiHnmiJ w nMH at w wj. — -V - 7— ■ ■ — - 

-Completed apptkabos forms (three cwjto) sbonht ta Itl iaac d 
not taw than Mraxtay 14th April IW6. _ 

Please quote ndcmice number A14/R/T 




Apptafiafs an 1 ratal for a 
teoarestm n the Depanta o> 
Convtar Some testate tram 
1st OcBbv 1906. m the ma of 
Software Enyneenno- foe 
soccfssW canwita wS : he 
expected to hetoderetop inchtag 
and resaarcb fauyu i uin a s. Areas 
ol (BPcoiar b teerf are tonra) 
spenftcaajfts. ’ . "" dxtrtUfd 
pufgrarwwng and topes ol 


(Temporaiy r - 

- - Appointment) _ . 

Aanacmiom ace tnvtocd for a 


[Kii'aai'.'lf ‘jo 1 \:\ 

on Ml LcdnB soak: 
- El 5.700 PlH. 

Aopteanon forms and farther 
pstxtais bora foa Ragstar, 
Uiwersay ol Htewid. Covomy 
W 7AL quoong ReL Na 
33/2A/86/J. Ctosng date 22nd- 
Apnl 1 586. (Ple ase ; mart 
ref arencs nrataer ctearfr or 

Salary wffl be wRbtn me 
•rale SXXZZ - fiJ 1 « flo- 
eftnive ■ or- •' Ijondnn 
AUowancrt. - 

ApBHeat i un from and fur- 
ther particular, . item the 
Si*-Deon. Council of Lean 
Edixamn. « Gray, bm 
Place. London WCJR SDX 
101-406 *6351. 

AoMtraHonft are unlled 
from qiadualn m phyuui 
sfwiKf, or engineering lor 
a post of careen Uuirr m 
.a* Laitecsity of_A«idiin. 
careen Atanory Servxr 
. The laeaory. fas arrtett 49 
a-re«A of ttie apnotniment 
atofo Adrtdr -rareen adviwr 
» Head of Career, Service 
In anotner UWimny and a 
totoiguiMl internal psomo- 
boo Pr tra rou, cmptoyraetH 
of at least four year,, prof- 
erawy . outside the 
education field. hramHil 
and enpeoence ar.trateing 
tn iorauanai guidance or 
penondcl wonc wouid Be 
anadv«nagr allhoutih not 
an o\emdin« requmnent. 

Oostng dale lor mtocalloo*: 
7tt April 1986. • 


in Law. ' 

Salary wito be In accor- 
dance write age and 
exponent* wtuiui Grade I A 
of. I he '.National... Salary 
Structure for UnlxenMy 
Aammwtr anvc OfTicm. 
rurrenlly C70S6 ■ Cl 2780 
oer annuni pfgfl EJ.Z97 p a. 
London Allowance. wKb 
rnerntientHP of. the Univer- 
«y Superannual Ion 
Scheme There wifl be. lire 
opportunUy for prouioUan 
10 the Grade a scale rur- 
reiuiv Cl 2280 - a5TOO. 


Temporary . .. 
Lectureship ia 
• Archaeology 

AnpitcxOaos at* invited bum 
men or wMm fisc awM- ' 
mem io a Gotoroe LerfumMp 
or Awutant LMnroNp in 
Law. tenable tor flic.UMnta 
the lira iiwtaace from 1 Octo- 
ber 1986 tor from a date, to be 
fMnrmnrd). The iuctadd 
■ w ta a nl . who whl XreUt m 
•mmbWB and dtrecllog 
nudlcs In Law Jn theQaUeta. 
tW mvKf to be efected Mo 
a FeBowrtilo. The stipend wfl 
be on a mle roughly compa- 
nMe wHh dial for UnKentty 
Lecturers or mm Lrciur- 
«*1 with pianiH) acconflng a 
age and gnabficauons. 

Further particular, and ao- 
pUnuion forms obtainable 
from ihe-' Personnel Office, 
l-nivrosiiv of London. Sen- 
ate House. Maw street. 
kMtdon WCIE 7HU. Tel: 
01-636 8000 mu 3269 
Uosing dale foe appMca- 
tooos tn • - 

II April 1986. 

AredlraUons ace inwiied toea 
Temporary iKtirtiiW Jn 

Early MwBaevaLAccthaealow 

In Um> Dnuilrnmr of Am» 
oloqy. CandMabra should 
teica SbwciaJ r x psrt to s 6 » 
pens of Anglo Saxon and 
Cany Cnrobrao Archaeology. 
The apMnmment is -tenable 
for me year from Jsl Octo- 
ber. 1906. The saury wiu be 
at an meaner tu* pout 0*1 m 
Leer ur*w scale (from 
£ 8 . 0201 . 

Farther Minim may be ■ 
oMaued Prom the RnMnr 
and Secretary. Unlvemty of 
Durham, old Store- Han. OM 
EtieL Durham. DH1 3HP. to 
whom apoUrauon, Ithreg 
copural should be sent not lat- 
er than 1 1th Apm. 1986. 

- AppMraoon UwuWbe made t» 
.Xhe Sreoar Tutor. -Trinity Col. 
-lege. - Cambridge. ~OK -tTtf: 
mom whom further BarUru- 
SL ratal be oMamnu: IM 
bln Qian 31 Math 1986. M>- 
9rth*t- • with a statement of 

WbUWaUOM. . pub) (canons. 

and rxpenrocr. ana the 
.names oTom more than Owe* 


Apphcauom are- tmltrel for 
the Oral of Led lira- lo be held 
hdntly In Ihr Orpartmeni of 
Geography and ihr Inrtitute 
' of Lafm American Studies; 
Apphcauonft smniM have 
learhmg and riraeareh inter 
ml. In- Ihe-Humnn Geography 
01 L-um America, and prefer- 
r-iKc wiR be areret 10 throe 
wcn-kiiag in LHhan arid Social 
geography The poll rS iTMMIe 
from 1 Ocioher 1986. 

Iniiial -auni wiilmi the range 
{£.020 C1L.790 prt-Onnum 
on .1 vale rising 16 LI 5.700 
per annum. . 

AppHrjMm togeowr win the 
name, of three referees, 
should be received not later 
man 2S atoil 1986. by me 
Regreinw. The Untvrruty. 

VO Box 1ST . Liverpool LM 
SBV. from whom further par- 
IKulam may be obtained. 
OiiMe Ref. RV 296 T 





Apohcauon, are InvlMd for 
-the above pert in the Sdbde 
WftmoBI of . OlnfcaA 
Pwcbotogy. 'DrpartfbeM *of. 
Pwctnairy. The Su&Qenart- 
wm owntj me m. cun. 

frayrhol. Degree oa Cliiucai 

Pcycboiegy and Medkral Slu 
yw marling in Babavmoai 


The surrestfui appHcam wm 
navr -comaMcd a Irauung in 
ourota i Psychology** bertL 
««*■ for - Senior. Qinfni 
gjJgnPotart grading u» the . 

• (University of 


. Following me umariure of 
d»- rj, Young in lake up me 
Chair and HewMitp of Poly. 

T PCTu *°* u « y 

alL'MJST . application, are in- 
Jded lor a Lectureship in 
Apphrants vwuM 
. a PfLD. and -tome rWe- 
vaoi pomoctorai roprrlcnrr 
M MateruK Srtenee or a re- 
Wed dHcipiirw- The 

Department tai an active and 
comprehensive research pro- 
roaon nr including vlrucluraL 
werhanirai and -etecinral 
studm of bionulena),. prey. 

and metal. The new Leciung- 
be expecled m mahr a 
STSSS 1 rontnbu- 

- ,lw conteid 

5* “rotate; programme oc 
winedevelopmeM of semi- 
Salary In the lower had of the 
v^nra ggo . £ 13.700. pfro 
7 1 297 London Allowa n ce 
AppucMkm forms aim funhrr 
"r^lawr from Um 
”uuani Personnel Officer. 

»>**eur. Mile 
Ei*d Road. London LI in-i 

™ " T. Omlng dale 22 
April 1986i 

The inUai salary 'win be wfifh- 

ULS7S oer amurn. m, a 
arale rising lo cis.too per 

f teBWriwgBg ibgentsr. with 
or (hree referee,. 

■WHO be reeiNvrd.ndL luer 
gbW.V te MAY l986~hylS 
Jjtaiar. The- I'nh’mny. pn 
y* ^- LKcrpool. t^sax 
from whom further portico 
■ges may be. obtained. Quote 
Ref RV 394. www 



Programmer in 

A current SiCftC f nnrvd re. 
yiwrrh ■ trMrahnv- n 

*Hwrrh ■ wotranune - 

TmSSSSf or 

a mrenrtor display rotol , 
A fcDraemoiKH, M (uiJpTo 
Wf flMfKlM anif n...“ 

AprtkvHiori, are invncd Ron, 
gurhiaie, lor the newly mat- 
2. pou °r Admiufvimuve 

Offw m trie' School of Cdu-' 
caifon.\ 10 . ttari « aomTm 
On Admmara 

.cauonaL aOhUaHinjLo—. •„ 
M Jo I* tCXOffg- £l2.7UO* 

Z^e ***>• rt iairile. 

Tf ' rw ^ rauM 

ifcidTiE? *X!^f rrArr * ^ 


wiimum i WK»lidJi, oro- 


■f?i"rteucen. aanuranu 



^WITV MUhii, 

p.*85 ffl»S. ^ >9n 

M^tputn « •’ramitiim, rn 


■sass^n-ssSr'^S ' 

XUWiughHhr NOS- 32ra 



^ j 

Educational ' ' 

teaching posts 

rOr the academic year 1986/7 ~ 

.ioformatioa from form* and relevant 

c The rntem d tmtmm 

■ ■ 



<I 0 J» wm?$ 3 \ ^Moo^n) 


1 O**' contract irenmyaM*., 

* ^^wasssstsu— 

toTintof af?D ^0*° * ^ 5 ^ y ” r . a * «W» I W (a» 
rn»i ^rfo'scc! 80 + 1 °' 6 _ B * r y * arot ?****•**»» In# 10 a 


3 to avadabtaty or; 

ID£Onu»iMiiy ferBactwian ™. w 

> D.1S0 monthly far Man** Candidates 

4 AH «eam« arc tntrrw 

6 S^^wsafiaisaas 

* Free mcdm ttratowm ai Government Ho**att 

7 . 6 9“ d . 01 **“ hvome to transferable ^ 


AweattWtak AMtomy 
iMrd & Samptt Prep. Pmmndoa). Algebra toreS s, 

SSELJESr^*- Art lo %££ 

Qydlqfaw OfettcML Otero** Entanrartai/ProceM Con- 

SB sgrggy+ftfht : > 1 r i . -> x . i^w a T 7 ! 


.. Westminster - 

. M9S6-87 

ADPUcatlonsanrnow lns.1t- 
rd for twa scholarship from 
Woman Cmto«c mustoiana. 

• Write for details, to 
■ - Master or Misfc- 

'Wcslmlnafer Cathedra! 
Ctemy House. 

4-2 franca St 
London SW1P 1 QW 


Births, deaths, and 
memorial services 
appeal on page 14 



STATELY Wiwr Iflvrntirr pro- 
. prirtor of a large Art Gallery ol 
old EngUin Engraving* ipopte 
loriy prtrtd) mete stare to a 
SuMy Haste rn Middle En- 
gland to mole addihonm 
atu-artwviesrtra proni 

• Ventre .wnh or wotmd uving 
«kon 4 WM for one nwMte- 
wd nwv. write BOX D9T. 


. Cra nbrook -Kjent 
tadweateff - 
390 pfc (11-18) 
punter 1986 •- 

'LA UwwrWj vaduafa to iota a. 
■be w nrae w oM to ston the 
teaching to MATHEMATICS 
tee school to Ure*- 

2.«te mtoakng lor a gead fioR- 
oingniluto to Jcfc Bmrito's 
HISTORY dg^tnuL Ibe 
■MastoWd be an teaefana tar 

^ umao^mmt. Com 

Dgtt Base Dndgn A Managetnew. Dun n m ni« * FB»- 
OWWton. Data Structure A MO HB— K DWWTeaino*- 
oi» iTerhtttcians with suitable Dfaiomaj. DenUstry <Mj»c. or 
.hr hK^Denfal 

Cwdtoli fPltomtote a CocrversoBonj. EMWi 
■Literature Drama). English toramaarl EngttSh 
«U ngutoM e« Tra nslation ). Electrical Eng. /Power «*£. 
tJUMraojo®. Eodocrtaotogy. Emytnotogy. CdtpenUotogy. 
EJertronte Enj. . Electronics /Power rn- ocortcd 
Eng Machine*. Engineering Analysts. Electron* Control. 
DKlromc InsaiuMvataBon. Energy Economics 

nuja M^lwnrx rrengi (By Audio- Vtooais). Forensic Medk 
One Fluid Dynamics CatcutaUons 

□y narcology S Onwnn. CmmUcs. Oonwtry mmi»y 
troemerology. CastreMwsMogy. Geriatrics. Cerraan 

Hebrew (Modern) m. A. or MA.&S yean experiencteHe- 
omv (Translation). HaerouotoBy (CfadcaU. Hydrafagar. H.V 
eng. Histology 

tanmunotomi (Mrdkan. fmmnneaiadon Control, fastruraeota ■ 
and Mea su rements, integrated Circuits 

Library & fndmemg BA. A B yean experience).. Laser - - 

Mechanical Eng. Maihs. AoobcdrPure. MtcroOMogy. Meet : 
one (General). MMtwtfrty. Marine. (ChenUsay. Physiai 
Micro Computer 'New Generation. MeUHxoJogy/Synapde- 
Uvnamu. Medical Pttyscs. 'Mkrowgve and I mrr 
Conmumcm oons ‘ ‘ 

Neurology (Meduau. NmaericM Analysis. Nephrology. Netf- 
foohysraiogv. Numng. Newxnnaiamy 

Orihopasdira. OpthaiBBotogy. OitbodmUcs. Operation Re 
kwh. Optics 

PurrtMMgy iCKnkal & EX y enme u mr. Physics mwowMcill 
Prtyan tNudear-Theomicai). RWMogy. Psedtaincs. Pa- . 
thoiogy. Prrfwjricaicd BuLdtag. Power. Technology 

Quaniy Control Szausua. QofaMty Sunwying 

Rheumatology. 'Raootogy. Radio « T.V. Wrrctton. 
Montage Snccut Eflectu. Rcglcrvsi Ptenateg, ituostao. 

Surveying. System SafTware. Solar EM. Bdh t ki, Surgery 
(General Castro). Sasttary- EUs- Spanish. Sou Mechanics, 
sirurlurai Mechanics and Dynamics. SWtal PitonesInB. SM- 
Mlae ComnumkaUeas \ - 

TctccomnunwcalKw 4 . -C uwm der Ndwwfc. Topology. Tm- 
onomy matdrSiatoik, TroplcM ■ MtOdm Transport 
Planning ..... • 

LTdogv. (JiDot Plasmmg • 
water Resource*. Welding ’ “ . 

aCSFaitf Mmuttf few* tea a 
sfMal M M m 16o coasy 
Engtah Hstay uotod be n M- 
tanage. (Scale 1 or 3 
3. dppGotioro an jodtetf trora 
My qo aftfied aactos d 
teach pn*> and hMuS to- 
aonB. prapara pegis tor 
eammajons. tints aud a U a jito 
and tabs, partn dona ateutas. 
Ttes is a Scale 1 post ideMy 
sUMa tor t young teacher wno 
fated aqoy yoneng « a busy. 
erttasbSK dBoartmenL 
Tbesa posts are non-nsttnl. but 
school a cc o nsood a fion to 

A luby raadenbat Kouse- 
tetorstop could tu fated to these 
poum. AptHy « urang utot 
nme& addresses and tteepteoe 
numbers ol 3 ntases. to the 
HeatonEhess. - Ms «ttan 


Geogrotuiy Department at 


■mu tonuiy wtocm 

Mid BOto N/9 Wo (Me 
Irm. CMwkk/HoiMMNnA 
. Barons coon arete pre fe rr e d. 
4 mows per wertt do - No 
witends. Large room to 
tee flat. Tel: 01-U46 9000 Da 
0600 or 741 0030 aflee Tp«n. 
Bmh in pm air iiotae. own 
Stngr- Bain and m. use of 
kitchen CTSpw toe. oi-soa 

lUta tl 1 MUB fc 1 need one racn 
far 1974. 1978 and IffffJiPrto- 
Uae condition only). Trt. GBI 
1268 ext. 41 office hours. 

WANTED Grand Tour Marble 
Rums. Ttap. Columns w in 
red and yMow mjrtw. o) 839 
Oat a. 

4* MMRNM SMd (or Royal 
DouMOit Figures Doulton Am- 
nuStet wanted. Ol -291 3606 


ol Cngtanfs ( «txM t7m and 
I 8 U 1 ONurv replica lumnurr 
hodd Mahogany. English Oak. 
Walnut and nurauetrv. 
Nettletoed. Crion. i04911 


SLOAME STREET 1 S room* or 
nested wu early English and 
Amcrtran ItamMur# and bainl- 
W. awlls HWlmann. etr. 
which mete a horn reoBy dd- 
{■-reiit and original. Dane Folk 
An. 1 Tla SHnr street tuse 
stairs) London. SWt Ol 954 
2404 Mon-Fri 106. Sal 104 

room communiiy boose. £40 
inclusive of Hood. 01-370 1279 
■ — > 4 PLAT (Tim Sharing 
Agency) home-owners no fee. 
36 King* Rd. SW3 Ol -8R4 8012 


Wkandert Qorkopiast 
Titos, design naiurai only 
£8.96 per sq yd + vat. 
Wool mix Berber carpels 
4ro wide Hessian backed 
£4.36 per so yd + VAT. 
Whfle stocks ltet. 

207 Haverstodc Wl. 

Haimsteaa NW3. 

Td: 01-794 0139 

Free aUnar • born name. 

★200 PIANOS* 

H1RE FR0M £16 PM 





< knaiv inTTiixm with mural ccthng. Master bed *ith bathroom 
and vyi sauna cn suuc. second tui and sep bath. Fully filled hit 
with dimng am. For ictl long Co. let ftynished or unfuro. 


Lux not JcickipmoiL I bed. mtcrior designed io high standard- 
Uxing/dinmg nn. ITEiirhco. Co. Let £215.p*. 

PLEASE RING 01*491 3009. 

BSMdif 9BOK tl U tha RE 
been rdirhsMd to toe rated 
suntan} i a«). utn. ill 
oasbaig rtaoue. mermnue. 

Unusual ana tori mwsenrito. 2 
Ato Dab. dceaoyieneo W. tab. 
«p oc. got fanpe 
01-773 9617 




4 beautiful new Bakery 
Patisserie St self-service 
nsiauram requires carer-' 
mg. supervisor, cook, 2 
counter assistants and 2 
part-time counter assis- 
tants. Previous 

experience shall be ap- 
preciated. Salaries 

negotiable. Please con- 
tact Ol £36 3838 between 
Kam-opm for further 



Large secluded character 
country property. 3 yean 
oM. with detached cottage 
in grounds a bedrooms. 

4 rrcepUons. large country 
tdirtten. 3 acres. Private 
drive. 5 mins (unction 12 . 
46 mins Paddington. 


TEL: 0734 744482 



S tmtroofn ILil long Itew (or 
V»V Mm T.W.P. T23 05*4 



SiMfiom s laimg 1*1 Hr 24’ 
klurtio ualkTV. tMlrony. KfS 
£75.600 Trt 589 9400 me 

BT BtSTRtlCTWNS of the offlriM 
rrrenrr in tenkrugicy. 
Moruriu. Cgwa Del Sol. Spain. 
Luxury ■parimnu 2 mwnim. 
rtovr (o nrarhrs. Central Heat- 
ing Air rondiuening. Shared 
Pool. Mu. lamlor. valued at oier 
6 rmlhnn pesata* otferalmiied 
Oter C25 COO Apply Sullen 
Chrfrterpd Surveyor*. 0782 



tor rideriy dsabtod tody. Own 
loom <n mooam not near 
Suartngato* stanon. Good saL 
ary ano ah wng costs pao. 
Car court be made avafabto. 
Retotences reqweu. Contact 
Mr Paul. Trt; 0t-4O* 5822 or 
write to 19 C iesow Stroot. 
London EC4A 1LT. 

CHZERniU CMMMMC helpers 
uredeo lor MUhirnt nt-w day- 
time reoauranl at the Victoria 
A A torn Minium, cam ph. 
Plrnw- Conlarl Andrew Davis 
on Ol 581 2169. tAlkr 2 OO 

7AIBS Cl 60 weekly Nanny rep 
lor I rtnlo. Lovely how and 
IMv ol l raid miolvrd Super 
mn Try Staff Comulunls Ai- 
dervhol TM 0252 515309 

A U PAMS and Mother-- Hripv re- 
utwed lor Frsnrr. Spain. 
AinliuiM UK He Inmates Cm- 
plovmecM Agency Ot-874 «|St 

All nUIB natmira wanted 

avallaMP L<X Europe, rtnivna. 
4 Auviraua. Arran Agency 
TunhrKtorweih. 1 08 921 46501 . 

HOUSEKEEPER. Mayfair nm 
. permanent |ohi. U ph. rree 
lunch. Monday Friday I tarn 
5pm lei: 01 495 1960 II Spra 

HOUSEMAN experienced for 
KrmatMiton Mol rack 
LIOOpw. 2 rmldren *■ au pair 
Ol 499 5146. Cadle Agy. 

87 Regent Slrrei London W» 
Tel 439 6534 UK Overseas. 
AM in.nrfps tfoma lamp perm i 


We currently have a «etoc- 
llon Of I to 2 bedroom Hats 
In Dus. purpose buffi work, 
close to Kensington High 
Street. All the flute are 
wed decorated and fur 
nislwd and offer fully 
fined kite, good rerepUcn 
rro. and modem bath- 
rooms. Resident porter & 
lilt. Available now for long 
company lets. £145-250 
pw uic £h dr CHW. Con- 
tact Fiona Staugtdan. 

Marsh & Parsons 
01-937 6091 

■monnuM as* of ehncNf * 

Beoma. Bati/ac. S »/« 2 ttogM 
™t*A mai t»» jo nock, ggt 
lqc (pa S«cf am t«50 
FUME Stoma ton h tec Qte 
tot «w ton Om a 5 tarns. 2 
tooa mom wittnl UAta M 
sack tU na u aaw u l L3M 
KM). MHOxo ran Omn 
om tone. 2 fat* to*™*. twwH 
K & a wen UMM in lorn th» 
CUrtUte. tony lb) Otouo com- 
mon otto heam nap. to mi ton. 
Wee. toe ate nog. 


Aiiramve lot n nai. cioae re- 
gen (* Pit. 5 UMe tea 2 Mite, 
dote rccep. fit kit CBOO pw 
loci CH CM Loop lei 

Musi t>e veen Sparmua god ft 
na» with Antique funHsh- 
kvyv DHe M. Ige 1 . 2 Rto. 
Mod fit kii Bam. CDs. Gw 
CH. £220 pw Long leL 

724 3100 

Fantasy Iceland 

Cm. tariand- a fantasy island where nature, hand 

' hi harxJwith the legends, has created a 

Rm* lT landscape of breathtaking beauty volcanoes, 
friTX bubbling hot springs that burst Into 180 foot 
geysers, spectacular waterfalls and warm 
summer days that last lor 24 hours 
Vou am step into another world for as 


9 01-221 7278 TWKKENHAM 



■ >D GLASGOW TELEPHONE 041-204 0242 ABTA/ATdL 1337 

Burnhwn SCalo wtoiy- 
Apply in cttnfldenco to OH 
inofwniitiiw. Broonrwood 
KoU SCHOOL Kmu Road. 
London SWX 1 , 


hflkto London ECZV MB 

.RcqoMM in ScgMOter 1988 


to trade mrougboui Bw 
■rhqoL- IO University En- 
SctwtartMp . 

ra uo n g vto (ota cvfrintaa 
Mto and max* ted ■iltaf 
« «C two Kdfm to (h* 



More km-cost flights 
vta more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, smart, high-tech 
■ervloe - Free worldwide 
hotel A car Mia pass 

• up to 80% rffecouat* 
Opart 9-6 Mm-Sat 

toimunisalfon, fneuraoca. 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map iBook Shop 


A couple is required to teach English for a pri- 
vate school (Giris & Boys) m Saudi Arabia. 

C andHf ona: 

. Tbv' row ran k for tom years 

• Rcnuimraiioh wffilKraptHOURiaKtoirGAXX) per annum, per 
enuph', nt adttaioH hotoms will be provided to g ether with 
ixvMftrrni an- octets a» ihcbcgwiwBtaodciidofihcrootrort. 
Itnw wri ti. UT 

'1412 PA Bo* 4554 ' - . . . 

Jcdikah .... 

Saudi Mahta 

To (each Jrddab before The end of March. 

later* nn** uiB he co nd u cted in London a) the cad of ApriL 



• From May 17 • 

EURO* N 5 • : 

TEL: 0292775555 


NYork £220 -j'berc £40>£21C Nc-rob; £33r Cd3C 5orig«oi £22'? 
Auc* £750 "iirc-iic £239 

JJO Jmrmyn Sfr««f. SfcVI 
SchgduUd High), 839 7144 
Bcdggt flight! 039 7)4* 


Save with Swissair^ 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London to Basle 
(except Sundays). 

Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland at 
feast until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Book ings and full con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-4394144 


Applications arc invited for the post of LIBRARI- 
AN which becomes vacant in July 1986. 

Salary in the professorial equivalent ran^, from 

£19.010 per annum. 

Further particulars and application forms from 
The Secretary. The University. Regent Walk. Ab- 
erdeen AB9 1FX with whom applications (2 
copies) should be lodged by 9 April 1986 (Ref 



Dr. J. H. Burnett has intimated his retlral 
from the post of Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh with effect from 30th 
September 1987. . 

The Curators of Patronage of the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, who have the 
statutory duty of appointing the Princi- 
pal, now invite any individual of 
appropriate experience and background 
who is interested in appointment to this 
post, or anyone wishing to suggest any 
names for consideration, to communi- 
cate in confidence and not later than 

c'i; iT.TVTif C f- : • ( ; rZmiIuLl£Li£i 

Curators. Mr. A. M. Cume. ube, ba, 
BLitt. OkJ College, South Bridge ^n- 
burgh EH8 9YL. from whom further 
information is available. 



Ormu. Brrnr. uuuraw. Tl» 
Hw. OuMtn. Rouni. Hou- 
lototo 4> D trpte . trim- Of). 2 l 
C hritor Ckw. LoOtMan. SW 1 X 
7BO Ol 23S 8070. 


fUMUA For ku rt m ni tt or me 
Our El 4adal out Hotel a l Port 
El Koulteul. Ito hoWor Mwl 
tn Tuitoto's crown . cull Pamela 
WltoM Lid 0249 817025 or 
01-668 6722- AST A ATOL 



PDDUU, centra vWt, teUgMfnl 
•MrtiMrt to 6 AH date* 
frame Auguttl. Trt: 08438 




ttnrtr return 
Jo'buro Har C 3 CO £466 

Nalrote £220 £325 

Cairo £130 £200 

Logo* £236 £3*5 

DM Bom £230 £340 

Banqkok £198 £330 

D on a te £420 

Afro Asian Travel Lid 

162 168 Rrarnl S> W.l. 
TEL: *1-437 825876/7/8 


J U m to m noc gn nrftK f Of ttt foSt (4 


ft 6 rnwnW tp ^ »apoortw« 
using SOf 1986. 

Pwofr* *■* 

bQ If. DPt” 

Ukw enftta SfflfflOoddi fflw. 

*t W RfiJ ?«S5 911 1KW 

' Trt: 01-629 2904. 

UK QHSJOT* Snbvtanal CoL 
tror- 22-24 Qurmaterry Plan. 
Lcndoa SWT as. W roai write 
or KKptMiw for proBtortus. Ol- 
689 8683 or 01 689 *»L 
BOMUUNS 6 wW. XuU Hmr. CSOlb 
Visual Art* Course suits. 28th 
AnrU. Aunty P u nctual <31-884 

nrr wen— mum# 
Umh to wocn En— n. TOX 

Crrttflrair iwno. Ete«l IKM 
Otona SotooKNi 01-628 0898 

AUSTWALMN — m— a - 

gaDmrtlirrctor Crotn MU bow ra 
inning London to um ram 
teovr of rarrtim -werto of art 
by pramnmt Aootrallte arttoto. 
oast and marnl. two* wtii. to 
Mtonart Kanyl Eso- c/o jam 
KStnai U4 . 48 D ra mM o n 
SQaare. London SW3 2 AF. 

NatroOL Jo'surg. Cairo. Dt»- 
boL tsunbuL Singapore, x u 

Drttu. Bangkok. Hong Kong. 
Sytety. Ewronv. A The 
Aimtncn. namtogo Trove*. 
3 New Qu««re 81. MarHr 
Arrh London WlM TOO. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Ones Saturday 1000-15 00 


Ctasxg daw fof ao rfe —g 5 May 1386 





Nrw York 






LA Frisco 
















S America 





KB AH PO— / 8 t— Utolte 
or acK -catering auto. Coarti or 
fly from £79. Phone now for 
our Brochure: Dortian Travel 

USA from coo. Motor travel. Ol 
486 9237. LATA 

EASTS* SNHfML 6 8 12 ApriL 
va d'lsrre. Ttonra A Le* Area. 
LM Avail Catered cnatet/Chto 
HoUdayL some » 6 Cad Sd. 
Vrt on 01-403 4444 or 01 200 
600012 onru ABTA 65431. 
ATOL 1162. 

•IABCH/APR 8 . HUMS loCfud- 
mg CMtrri smaUworld hove 
some Ctuld Party varancm to 
Fftonre. Swttzr nana A Italy. 
Phone for braenura A avaUabU- 
uv tanaflworld 0342 27272. 

ra Lire calrred 4 self. Catered 
bats Nest to Wt». Private bar. 
S pool. SU School tot [Its & 
tag) Bander From £179. SKI 
JEANN1E. 01-221 7913. 

SKI *m urgently reoutred ex- 
penmrM to-hngual ski rep* to 
wort, rod of arason ski tour* to 
Switzerland. Austria A ftaty. 
tonne Holidays on Ol 2 M 

«MHL SHUNS. Enwsi snow. 
Fuuy catered cnatots in Vcrster 
C199 &. Catered Chalets In Viri 
D-hrre Cliff. By Air SW MacC 
01-361 544&ATOL 

SWnZCWLAMto Scheduled Iffghls 

Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOt 

AMFAfK SKCUlim Sydney 
o. w E39B rtn £645 Auckland 
O.W £420 rtn £774. Joint 

0 w £264 rtn £470. Los. Anoe- 
lee o.w £177 rtn £335 London 
ntrtit Centre 01-370 8332. 

HOT TUMIET. 12 herib crewed 
motor nrM from £ 1.000 pw. 
ktylUc private Orach hotel fr 
£33090 (2 weeks. Inc 111 Free 
wotprsporto with both. 01-326 
1008. ATOL 2091 
USTIH Mrtia. Cozo. Algarve. 
22.PO.25 ^7 ^8. 30 Mar. IA2 
wks. runs- p e nnon* , hotel*. 
Bonaventure Ot 937 1649. 

USA. S America. Mid and For 
East. S Africa. Trayveje. 48 
Margwrt Street. Wl. Ol 890 
2928 i Vote Accepted) 

ROUND WORLD £745 econ. CMD 
Ir £1699. Uetl tr £2033. ato- 
ne* fr £659 rtn. Cohanhus. 
CuUers Oardrna. lo Devonshire 
Souare. EC2 Ol 909 4281. 
spjum. rarniuL owjfct. 
FUqhB from most UK airports. 

Mane late %aerlal oilers, radcr 

01 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
Ac Visa 

DOCOUfTS j if Economy HOi- 
e(*. Try US 


LOW COST Fuams MoMEuro- 
oean desunabona Valraander 
01 402 4262 0082 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 
Worldwior c hea per) teres 
RK-hmond Travel. 1 Duke St 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
TUNISIA For ikn nertecl hoUffay 
wuh sunny days & carefree 
ntufds. Ideot (or March April 
7 unman Travel. 01-373 4411. 
AUCANTC. Faro. Matofla w. 
Dtracmd Travel ATOL 1783. 
Ol 60! 4641. KOtehMt 6B341 

chalets A <«rts 6y air, N eeuer 
coach A a drive, instasi book- 
ing* wtut u re a rtaa. SM wm. 
■05731 864811. 

SM KT FUQKTS. Geneva. Zu- 
rich. Munich etc. Revort 
liaitorr /rum £69 Ski Jrt. 
(05731 S648II. 

n* VACS ONLY. 3239/3. 

5 d.Hfgfl afllfudr aUwg 861 
Toial.0932 231113. 

HITZMMBL Hotel Baroatoc. 
22 3 With. Without fUOhlt 
Ski world Oi 602 4826 


VHb/Tanroa Minin, 

Spetses & Poros 

Hn/ATMUH - cm 


a/l,IAlL»/4 - CM 

WGS/4 - £188 
mi OlrSa 7882 (24 In) 


ATOL lit 


Rhodn. 26, 3 WL £179.- no 
rairas. IOS2SI 

778344 /T7 1266. Tlmaway 
Holidays. RKknunsworth. 
Herts. ABTA ATOL 1107. 

SPRMO m CORFU Ami.’ May 
special once* In our attractive 
villas rtng Pan World HoUdava 
Ol 734 236? 

RHODES EASTER Srtf Catering 
apartments A Hotels from 
£l77ppmr. Trt- 0708832814. 



VALE DO LORO, The Atonr 
Lira ary 3 bedroamed. 2 
bathroomed vHU to renl. Close 
to all Amen Ittrs April • Septem- 
ber. £1.000 per month. 0572- 


Holidays ol dMincuan for Uie 
very lew. Tel: Ot -491 0802. 73 
a James'S Street. SWt. 

VILLA* to renl m vac Do Lono 
and Qulffia Do Logo- Algarve 
Portugal also Menorca. Ph 
0372 66466 

The Letting Agent 




SPEAK IKEMCM m a friendly 
French farnfty. Oood food. In- 
spected Hmn. Fandltes A 
singles an ages. Also Sludy A 
Houseparty Cenrrrv Seoudr 
Teenage Grout* Sir.. En fa- 
mUle Agency. Queens Lane. 
Arundel lOPOS) 883682. 

VKNNA. sxanhfi Rkung school 
5 personally conducted lorn In- 
rfuoe full dress performance A 
private vtai to Uptzzaner Stud 
at Ptber. Full details Phulip Si- 
mon Travel. Trt. cwu «t9t 

August 6th Marriage of Figaro. 
August 7th Capncno. August 
wn Magk Flute. Tickets avml- 
note from PtelUp Simon Travel 
0404 44191. ABTA 




* * * 


Chalets & s c holidays 
m (he 


01 584 5060 

ski whizz 

unm CRUXT Mimo 
fun on the slopes 
nates. Saoedues. tat psoo. 
221b MARCH £229 
29M MARCH <279 
Stb APRS- £209 
mo ittws, two. K oro 

01-370 0999 

ATOL 1820 

81 sn 802S 

OEffitoCK Cootfortahte spa 
ctotn peiioa house. 2 V. beds. 4 
retro posh kn. CH. Garage 
available IS mu» CUy. ousel, 
near shops 3 monins or more 
£7S0pcm. Phone Ol -692 6001 
anytime weekends or weekdays 
Ortore S.SOam or alter 7.50mm. 

HOLLAND PARK Wit to an at 

tractive quirt cutoe-uc. a fully 
furmshed nrwty built mal*. Lge 
s« with balcony, hit- diner. 2.5 
beds dining room. 2 baths 
Substantial bonus lor Co. Let. I- 
2 yrt prof £376pw. W 01-409 
2299 H 01-603 8461. 

WO ND ER FUL WAPP H I M clone to 
CUy. Pros p ect place. M. recep. 
ken. £15Spw: St. Katherine's 
Dork 2 beds, reception, k + O. 
CZ23pwr spirit Quay. Hauer 
wsm 4 beds, reception, k » 2 o 
£3O0pw. Bum and Oo. 01-734 


CHELSEA. SWIO Immaculalc 
lum a dec 2 bed (let In comer- 
ston. Bn*#, hath ♦ shower rtn. 
kite washer dryer Avail new. 
£300 pw neg. F W Cum. Ol- 
221 8838. 

P.WjOAPP (Managmenl Secvtresi 
LUl reoulra prooertles In mural 
south and west LondoB areas 
for waning oNkonvOi tai- 

lux fiats- houses up 10 CSOO 
pw Usual fees req. Phillips 
K ay* leva. 6oum of the Park 
Chelsea office. 01-352 Bill or 
North of the Park. Regent's 
Part office. 01-722 Ei» 

KOBE OF Mto K« Brand new 
paBo flat. 2 beds. CH. Fully IK 
led small kitchen, nucrowave. 
nun washer, iridge freezer, 
wasnmg machine, lumbto dryer 
etr Short or long frt. £22S pw. 
Trt: 0135! 9207 0T9B1 0660 

nmgty wxxHa ground and 
tower ground floor rial with pa 
no. 2. 3 beds. 2. 3 receps. 3 
baths, kh Daily nued Aval) 
now to end Oct. £750 pw. Ring 
Maskettr Ol 681 2216. 

FULHAM. DetHPUIul. small hon- 
rysurfcle clad cottage. Ouse 
Hurttngham Chib and Tube. 2 
Beds, li e cep. Klt.Dmcr Alt 
machs Sunny secluded gdn. CD 
IH CI66 pw Tel: (UU 736 
1076 or 381 S8S6 

MCJIUATL near tube Allracttve 
nn. lounge, aouute bedroom, 
hitmen diner, todrt. naihroom. 
an aupuanres. tv. ch. telephone. 
Ns. rrtefMices. £76 pw. Retum- 
■Wr deposit £300 Trt 01-348 
2S48 after 600 pm. 


Mews house m great character 
ui ihb secluded but central loca- 
tion. Owner going abroad for 6 
months 2 ante beds. 2 receps. 
luHy rated kitchen . 2 tttlh*. ga- 
rage. £400 pw. 244 7393. 

LET YOUR H M f tkT Y with 
greater tirxiDUity. Obtain your 
1 urmiure lor snort or long term 
lets on our unique hire service. 
Ring Mr Miroart Norbury 
John Strand Conlrarts Ltd. Trt 
01 486 9616. 


currently seeking a 00 P quant* 
rental acrommodauon m 
mural London lor waiUng 
tompony tenants Ol 937 9681 

HAMPSTEAD Be lurky nrsi 
■rnnahi of beautiful nai 1 dbte 
bedroom. ooen-aian 

lounge luKticn AH mm) cons. 
C1SS PW. Ol 456 637o 

Ito and sunny 1 bM (lal S muts 
from Ufa Owner going abroad 
for 1 year, ftreep. k + b ci26 
pw 244 7363. 

IMTORNtSfMft SUM. Chiming 
3 brd not r» Parsons Green re- 
taining original firemans. Lor 
<11 ML reran with Balcony. Long 
Co tri. £278 pw. 244 7553 

W2 Canton* Flare Mews. Altroe 
111* hie. ggp. 3 MK. 2 ballH. 2 
rerpis. cti.. 2 mins Kensington 
Cams and Gmiral Line £330 
pw Co teL Tel 01 701 7898 

L^n ROMos Ha ! efegss apzps 
mo tauxes J Mas. 2 ojBr. 1 m 
lute tear •athirst m pyto p fa 


Duramg noe hue. 2 mns pal 
tertti sura mp w*» w tiaa rm. 
.'(■* talk suv f'.aan £3»ps 


Ortnooteig nuns, new mi r tmiv 
R ftwbip u ) 1 no. iNta am w 
mm on 

Short lets in central areas 
also avail CTOO-CI.OOOdw 
01-828 3251 - 



Superb fully serviced 
acconiodaiion in 
MAYFAIR from £125 
per night Also fully 
serviced Mews houses - 
price on application. 
TEL: 01 935 8959 


A selection of 1.2 A 3 bed- 
room flats with lil 1 and 
porter -avadaUe for short 
let. UTA-SAOOpw Marble 
Arrh A Baker Street Area 
No fees required. Arto a 
set ration ot (bis for sate 

01-486 6338/9 1 

Lovrty 4 bed ramtly house.' 
South factitg waned garden. 
Modernised to ragh stan- 
dard Jus) ref urn. £360 pw 
Atiracnve i bed flat in tins 
vraan complex wiin private 
grounds, swimming pool, 
solarium. Tube: Earls Court. 
W BcomMon. £160 pw. 

01-589 9225 

4 rxecuiives urgently seek 
ourtilv properties in all central 
uesi London areas For alien- 
non Please ring 01938 5426. 

rv BJ«k. 2 Bedrm fully 
furmshed 1 Or nai Caage 
Commons Edge £700 00 pm 
Trt Ot 879 1082 or 01 785 

SPECIAL OFFER Kmghlshrtdge 

CSSOpw ■ normally £360;. In- 
credible value. High calibre. 1 
bed sen. Ked Hal . TV Aytesfgrd 
A Co 361 2385 ■ 

CLAPHAM clean lasieful pem 
home style flat nr lube for 2 
raring non smokers. Company 
■el. 020 pw. 01 720 0999 

FULHAM. Lov My 1 bed redero 
rated nai on Peterborough 
Estate £83 pw Tel: Ol 731 
5216 after 6 pin. 

HAktrsTEAO near healh 
Charming 2 bedrm flat £90 
P w inn heating A hw smelly 
I person only Ol - m 8909 

Immediate advance Budget, 
economy, luxury Phone now 
Ol 936 2412 

ICMR A KimiCHOr lor luxury 
properties In Si Johns Wood: Re 
gents Park. Mmda vale. Seres 

Con A Hampstead Ol 586 7561 


KhUCHTbORIDCE Oats houses 
available now £loo 1.000 pw 
Burgess Ol S81 3136 

flat. Ph Mark with nn 2 beds. 
|W1* b Ext value £240 pw. 
W T P 955 9312 

LONC /SHORT LETS Srtertion at 
lb* prwerties in renlral areas 
from £200 pw Berkeley Estate* 
Ol 935 8969 

1 .2.3 4 4 bed flats Long short 
leu. M Driers w. T. P. 935 

hew Convert ton Close to Rearms 
Park and lube 1 bed. l reerp. k 
* b. £116 pw. 244 7353. 

dilutes with stunning views 2 
Mebedrms Furn lo very tugn 

s tanda rd C4SO Dw 917 9o8l. 

Mdr el Wandsworth Bridge. 1 
able hed 1 lge hving rtn elf . 
£120 met Emma Ol 998 3570. 

Vd n Hal newly dec 2 beds, 
large rtrap. kiL bath. £28Qpw 
Agy 689 9245 

WW8 Prniy 2 bed flat with use o I 
«dm Rn. k k b Coin 6 moths 

+ Li 80 pw William wiueu 750 


3 bed. 2 bam town tnr Nr Holi- 
day Inn Co Irt only Others 
avaiUbte AC.R.C. 686 8811. 

SS7 9681 The number lg remem- 
ber sp™ sreklnp be« rental 
properiie* in mural and prune 
London arras £l&0/£8.000pw. 



Over 1*4 mSfioa of tte 
most afOneni people fa the 
comtiy read Che classified 
edmaas of Tie Times. Tlie 
Jofiowing categories appem 
regnlarfy entyweek, md 
are genmSy a eco i pwlrf 
bj refcvaut efiorial articles. 

Use fbe coqpoa (ligbO. 
and find oet bow easy, fast 

MONDAY Hnrarion; Univcr- WHJNESDAY LiCrm ric {■ 
sity Appomunoits. Prep. Si Public Cregg:Seaayial/PA appo in anene 
School AppoinWBBttj.Educatkmai over £7500. General secretariat. 
GoursesAtiolaisiljpsSftitowslLps, Pwperty; Residential. Commercial. 
La Cremele Ia Crene: Town A Country. Overseas. Rentals. 

LsQcmedelaCrfae: Town A Country. Overseas. Rentals. 

TUESDAY CoMpMer Horizons: 

a c o m p rehcosive guide to the THURSDAY Gtaeol Appatal- 

computerrnaiteL meats: ChiefExeciuives. Managing 

LetriAppaiatmeats Solicitors, Difedors. Directors. Sales and 

Commercial Lawyers. Legal Marketing Execuiivesand Overseas 

Officers, Private & Public practice. Appointments. Including a new 

Legal La Crfane: a new dassifica- classification emitted raa8dal»4 
tkm for top legal secretaries ActwR<aacyA pprfiitn»Mi . 


FRIDAY Motets: A complete car 
buyers’ guide featuring established 
dealers ami private sales. 

Business to Bnsfaess: 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas ‘Ravel; 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flighis. 
Cruises. Car hire. UJCItevel: 
Hotels. Collages, Holiday lets. 

Per Fneodsa new classification Tor 
young readers to contact people with 
similar interests aihome aid oncraas. 

Fill in the coupon and attach it to your advertisement Prior to it appearing, 
we will contact you with a Quotation and confirm the date of insertion. 

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■‘mail'll ON TAR" Cvf SM 
Hu Canwdv ov ndurt Harm 
DkvtM by MM McKnar 


Sl^rxUrd Drama Award 1984 


T Out “Had llw> wwnrr yelling 
fa* more" D Mail "Musi surety 
Mr utr town.. Co now D Tri 

"llnfl of approval -- Time* T'! 
a mw qio ren I a n l a i Iwww" Now. 


Amlin, SI. W1 ENOEH Z7J8I AOMCSOr eODilSl 9*9 
WATERCOLOURS 1970 -1990 In- Deity 8.16. 6.00. 0.40. 

duenna works by EMc WohMd All W |, bookao«i in advanro. 
18 K* Marrh iO*. 109 Tue*. *t> 4 , rru jm) vu M mlMa r 
2 I«th booltaw w r lt on*) 

WWW B 836 2894 n 240 9661 

Or H| 9009 Em 8 Mai THu 3 Sal 

8 a 830 84 Hr 7 Day Fir* Can 
CT 240 7200 

Manual ai Drama Awards 
Ray Jrwrs will slay UmPmlrr 
on Monday E\m only 

INrimi Sturt W1 
Important VortWM Work* on 
PtOd 490 4100 
■wan Crmir EC. Ol -638 
aidl I nlil 27 April: ART A 
TME. ksokiiM ai limp and i Dr- 
ain riiim-iraon in irKHKm art 
Ailm Ct 50 and 7Sp Tur* Sal 
lamie 48pm Cteaod M— 
day, rxrrpl f> HoH 

browse a DARBY 01734 
Nn> Anniinm 


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open Dally 1 30.4 40.800. AD 
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HirH.WI tjlN 61 7 t> MODERN 


sculptures, and hunts. 
I mil 1 1 April Mon Vn 9 JO 
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201 1 1 CO M M ANDO 1181. Sep 
prop Doors oprn Dally 1.48, 
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prim (or SUkMH card haMcn. 
UB40 holders. OAJV 


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Hun WORKSHOPS until 
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Mrrmaid 83* 98*8 lor 4nah 

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4506. 734 9535 CrrtUI Card 
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786 3580 Meryl S trom. Root* 
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prop* 1.00. 4 10. 7.45 Ffi/Sat 
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nnwo pert. 

, MM 3 A Sri 5. 


CT 740 780. Lm 7.30. Sal Man 
8 30. until Sal 


' B mcrni storms lo rUlMn' today 
JEANNE The Musical 
April to May 10 
Ammran Ballroom Tnnatrr. wim 
mo PasadriM Roof OirhMrj. 
Rosalind Iwuman A Dancer*. 8HI. 
T Jours A Arnw Zanr. Rina 878 1 
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TATE GALLERY. Mmh anu Sm. 
ART 1946-1985 UnUl 87 Apr. 
Adm. Fnro Wkuyr 10-5 50. 
Sum 2-5 60 Recorded Info. 

Ol 821 7178 

Pool SI London 6WI Ol 235 
467* VICTORIA 60004*6 
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SCREEN OH THE MU. 438 3366. 
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Sal. 11 19. Seals bookable. 
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ARTISTS. 14 31 March Inc 
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Admrraon £1.00 SludenH. and 
O A Ps 



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Ol 405 0078 CC 379 *4 33 Eie* 
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On Siin 930 *173 Prexlew- 
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7 30. SaL* a O A 7 46 

mm mCHARD 




In IIW WtNl htt 
lional Opera 
prndurlion ol 


Directed ov 
Howard ton' 

A new play Ov 
Mu BUtchtH 
h*wd on Ihr Ide 
A laler work ol 

ACADEMY 1 437 2981. Acade- 
my Award winner 

P rovo al 2 00 inoi Sum. 4.10. 

*70. 8 40 Uat weeks. 

ACADEMY 2 4J7 5179. THE 
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n (TOdiS from CdknMI £7. ES 
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Are Wl Ol 437 3*06/7 Ol 434 
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Avenue Wl. Ol -459 4805. Find ; 
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Sep Pern daily al 1 OO. 4.30. [ 
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al I 00 pm 



PrracBtr Tor Dm 

CddnrL Betas of London 

Pnacker «t Her Kan 
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HEART by Larry Kramer Eves 
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727 4045 newly renovated, 
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Congreve April 3 lo 5 last pert* 


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BRITISH (JBJtAMY, ct Bussed. 
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Notice lo Security Holders 
The Annual General Meeting Of 
the Security Holders of Quebec 
Central Railway Company will be : 
hrld in The Conlerenrr Room. ] 
Room 155. Windsor Station. 
Montreal. Quebec. Canada, on - 
Wednesday. I he l*m day of 
April. 196*. al Ihr hour of 11 00 
o'rlnrk m me forenoon lor pre- 1 
senlalmn ol the financial 
sLUrmenisc me demon of Iwo at- 
reclnr* » rrorrsenl the Security 
Holder* of I he Company imul ihe 
nevi Annual General Meelmq of 
Ihe Company: Ihe appantmenl of 
Ihe auditor of ihe Company: and 
lor me iransamon of such other 
hnima a* may properly come 
before ihe merdng 
R L Partridge 
Seer el ary 

MONTREAL. Quebec. February 
81. 198* 










ivoiKe n hereby given Uui the 
annual general meeting win be 
hetd on me i Oth April. 1906. al 
*am al Ihe Company** Head Of- 
fice. al Lobilo. wnh inr following 


1 To dnruw and approve or m 

modify, me balance meet and me 
Board's report and acrounh. and 
the Fnrai Board - * retmrt lor Ihe | 
adnumstrattve period ended 31 , 
Derrmber. 1985. 

2 To carry out me electiom 

and confirm Ihr anootnlmetMa far , 
■he managing Boards. 

Urtrrto- 2301 Frbruars. 190* 

Tank* Consolidated Invert 
menl* P LC 


Jngr Sartos Vfegas 

TRUSTEE ACT 1925. Section 

Notice tv hereby gnen pursuant lo 
Srrlion 37 of Mr Trustee Art 
1925 Dial any person having a 
claim agalnsl or an mierert in me 
•omerwne ISABEL JEANSI dr 
nvased. late of FUI *6. 24 John 
Klip Street. London. SW1, who 
dK-d an ihe 4ih day ol Sen! ember 
1985. b hereby reaufrrd to send 
particulars m writing of nts or her 
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ECt Y 4TJ. and lo send such par- 
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■lay of May 1 98* after winch dale 
Ihe personal reprertmtatlveisi wfn 
cUslnbute the estate among (he 
person* minted thereto having 
regard aruy lo the claims and Uv 
leresto ol which they have had 
notire and win not. a* respec ts me 
property *o dirtrHKaled. be liable 
lo any person whose rtaUn they 
shall nol then have had notice 
Daird mis 12ih day of March 


SolKrlor* loc the Executors 


In your own business. 
Free information from 
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LEARN TO SAIL tins Easier with 
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The Dyfed MagMrok-*' Courts 
Commilire tun varancles lor 
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ieuan Duv «es Eso . 

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Period rauage sip* 4 all amen I 
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Mar-3 Apr incl £400. Ring Ol 
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Two resdential courses, conducted through- 
out m French using the 'total onmerson' 

IA1 Bortom Fhack cearao 10 to 14 April 1888. 
IB) ASwhlrtraWi.* how* am 7 to IS April 

•< fAloverOos wWi (81 rioch is Bw iwgrdv-rYntti m a 

fionhi succsfUih wnn ol comes n convnei Da L gconomc A Seoal 

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French Dapanmom si me Unmet s ny of Leeds. 

Places a>o hkbDIe on boo* cowam 

The oouisa toe tor (At including meals A fuR a cB xn a i pdeMg n. a £400. 
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Ad learning r* m French ttvougnout You ml need to be efito to under- 
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Far further inf o rmati on about these 6 other futm courses, contact. 
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AKKcaiion? aro *wft«l loi the post pi Assrslanl Secretary hpm 1 September 1986 
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.—I— Li., i i_i.i i n 




More pitching in on the pitch 

By Stoart Jones* 
Football Correspondent 

Arsenal—. * 
West Ham. 

Those who go to motor 
racing for the crashes, to horse 
racing for the fells and to 
boxing for the knockouts, can 
now add football to their list 
of potential Wood sports. The 
fights that were once staged 
with frightening intensity on 
the terraces would seem to be 
taking place with increasing 
regularity on the pitch. 

A digest of statistics, pub- 
lished by the Football Trust 
last week* confirmed that the 
standard of League players 1 
behaviour has dropped sieadi- 

with justification, be accused 
of inconsistency and some of 
them of officiousness; but they 
cannot Warned for the general 
lack of discipline. At 
Highbury, on Saturday, the 
behaviour of some players was 
stunning in its utter futility 
and disturbing for its gratu- 
itous violence. 

Realistically, neither Arse- 
nal nor West Ham United 
have anything to look forward 
to this season. The derby 
occasion and, on a sunlit 
afternoon that suggested 
spring was waiting to be 
ushered in, made the setting 
ideaL Even pessimists might 
have expected the show to 
sparkle with entertainment . 

stumbling into a disgraceful 

firm If 

West Ham* enduring their 
third awkward visit within six 
days, at least attempted to 
pfey attractively in die first 
half McAvennie, a scoring 
machine that moved as swiftly 
as ever, for once foiled to 
finish. He missed two 
unmistakeable opportunities 
and Cotree, his partner who is 
almost equally -as prolific, 
foiled to take another. 

Arsenal spent almost an 
hour in fashioning their first 
move of any consequence. At 
the end of it, Parkes reacted 
less convincingly, from Hayes; 
than he did later when he' 
clutched Woodcock's deliber- 

hmd. Yet he was for from 
being alone in acting in a 
distasteful manner. 

Pike, Ward and Rocastle 
were involved in one altezca* 
don. Gale and Rocastle m 
another.. Then came the ex- 
traordinary' episode between 
O’Leary and Martin, two of 
the more honest and responsi- 
ble individuals in football. In 
exchanging a variety of blows 
off an<f on for three minutes 
and with the ball an irrelevan- 
cy, they might have been 

were two teams out there who 

* ■ aT«Iu> Pm* " 

heavyweights limbering up in 
the first round. 

ly over the last IS years. In 
1971, for instance, 90S were 
booked. By 1984 the figure 

had climbed to 4,067. During 
the same period the number of 
dismissals rose from 37 to a 
record level of 229 in 1981 
This season both totals are 
threatening to reach new 
heights. Referees can st3L 

But WfiUams, who sadly 
continues to hide his talent 
behind a thoroughly unpleas* 
ant facade* immediately be- 
trayed any such hopes. For a 
typically wild and unnecessary 
assault on Cottee, he was 
booked in the opening minute 
and thereafter the game 
lurched untidily from one 
skirmish to another before 

alely curled drive; burin the 
75th minute several of his 
colleagues showed no willing- 
ness to react at all to a comer 
and Woodcock promptly 
claimed the winner. 

Arsenal, woeful until the 
change of ends, improved; but 
the tempers did not Rix* 
whose contribution before the 
interval was so feeble that he 
should seriot^y consider do- 
nating half of his week’s wages 
to charity, was cautioned for 
cutting down Ward from be- 

the first round. 

Martin* with an elbow to the 
face that dropped O’Leaiy to 
his knees, won with a techni- 
cal fcnockoot. Whereupon sev- 
eral others' joined in the ngjy 
fray- The referee, who took. 
Martin’s name at the opening 
of the bout, sent him off after 
consulting with a linesman. So 
ended a week for West Ham’s 
captain that bad started with 
him le ading the side to an FA 
Cup victory at Old Traffbrd. 

Astonishingly, O’Leary es- 
caped p unishme nt — if only 
temporarily. ' Don -Howe, 
Arsenal’s manager, is to study 
a video before deciding wheth- 
er lo take any action. “There 

be said “It was highly com- 
petitive because they were 
fighting for their pride.. For 
once the fewiHfor description 
was literally acc ur a t e. 

Howe, added that as be 
knows both players we ll (b e 
and Martin will meet again 
when the England squa d gath - 
ers next weekend), he appreci- 
ates drat neitlHHrrf them likes 
to lose. “Of course, I don t 
condone anyone throwing 
punches but they are co mpcti- 
tive characters and they were 
giving their all*" he sakL 

John LyaQ admitted that 
Martin's automatic suspen- 
sion will be a “big Wow for 
him and West Ham and I pot 
the incident down to 
frustration’'. Nevertheles s, the 
pair of experienced intenra- 
tionaJs cannot be excused for 
setting such an appalling ex- 

ARSENAL: J Uddc; *****>** 
Saasom. S WB&brs. PPlaeiy . M 
Kcown. M Hay**, C 

(CcfaolBB.AWo odeoc fc.OHte. 

Stewart Q Pan*. A Grt*A Moifia 
A Devonshire. » Word. F 

McAvsnnw, A Dickon. A Cottee, G 

Referees J Borrett (Norfolk). 

United’s hopes are scotched 

By Simon O’Hagan 

Queen’s Park I 
Manchester Ur 

Anybody who can drink- a 
glass of lemonade without no tic- * 
ing the absence of the whisky 
that it was supposed to have 
accompanied must have a lot on 
bis mind. Such was the state of 
Ron Atkinson, the Manchester 
United manager, after his side's 
chances of winning the first 
division bad receded even fur- 
ther at Queen’s Paric Rangers on 

It was not only Atkinson's 
drink that needed more kick. 
Much the same could be said of 
a team perform ance-which, after 

EVerton's draw with Chelsea 
yesterday .leaves them seven 
points behind the leaders. Un- ' 
less you are a United supporter 
it is hard to believe that earlier 
in - ihe season the club had led 

incessant gunw±«wtng might 
have been mistaken for the 
gnashing of teeth. As a source of 
comfort in his hour of near- 
desperation he turned to the 

the table by l 1 points. 

. United's decline since the end 

of last year makes idling statis- 
tical reading five defeats, two 
draws and only three wins 
(against Oxford United. Bir- 
mingham City and West 
Bromwich Albion) in their last 
10 matches. The nightmare of 
just missing the championship 
seems to be afflicting Atkinson 
as much as it has any United 
manager since Matt Busby. 

To Atkinson's credit he re- 
fused to be fatalistic, even if his 

from Nottingham Forest Iasi 
week . . . 

Ami by way of unde r li n i n g his 
performance. Wicks provided 
the flick-on from which Byrne 
scored Rangers’ winning goal 
nin e minutes from the end. 

McDonald. I Dawaa . W tW t SWWa. T 
F 0 nwtck.M Aten. H James. GBannBB» 

Byim D KereJate (suix M Robwon*. 

GUkS^’p Mc&affL K Q 

Strachan. F StaptetoivP DmnporL C 

fit ho nn 

nttaroro J C Dertdn (Soutfi GUmarpMS. 


By Nicholas Harling 

Charlton Athletic 

Level-beaded: United’s McGrath (left) and McDonald of 
QPR are equal to the aerial demands, as Bannister lurks. 

-The prospect of first division 
football at Selhuzst Park next 
season receded a little on Sat- 
unlay when Chariton Athletic 
lost the match they had to win. 
On this evidence there seems 
little Hang ar of the ground's 
tenants fram in g on caviar while 
Crystal Palace, the landlords, 
continue to nibble away ax fish 

While Palace were losing at. 
Oldham, Chariton, whose re- 
cent run had promised so much, 
lost to a Portsmouth ride whose 
own recent form had suggested 
they would not last the pact 
Such are foe delightful . vagaries 
of footbalL 

Coincidentally, it was Mike. 
Quinn, lately of Oldham, who 
contributed to Chariton’s de- 
feat. Although he did not score 
on his debut. Portsmouth's 
£80,000 aoquisilioo looked to be 
the kind of player his club need 
to fulfill their promotion aspira- 
tions. ’ 

It was after Quinn, going for 
Knight’s long kick downfieJd. 
bad for once failed to gain a 
connection that Channon fas- 
tened onto the ball, giving 
Portsmouth a seventh minute 
lead. When the giant Pearson 

nodded Chariton level from 
Aizlewood's deep cross 11 min- 
utes later; it looked like we were 
in for a cracker. Yet although 
the best goal was soon to come — 
O'Callaghan 's instant volley af- 
ter Aiztewood had beaded out 
Kennedy’s long throw — the 
match deterior a ted as a spec- 
tacle. - 

Allison is left 
by his sacking 

There was plenty of effort. 
. mainly from Chariton as they 
pursued a second equalizer; but 
the - Londoners lacked subtlety. 
Aten Bad, the Portsmou th ma n- 
ager, said of his team’s scuffling 
resistance: “ft’s difficult to play 
when teams' are hitting balls 
longand high arid there seem to 
be an awful lot of teams doing 
that nowadays.” ’ Chariton, 
though, were helped neither by 
Curbisbky’s withdrawal at hal£ 
time wiffl a vinm. infection, nor 
by Poftrinouth deverly malting 
them play to their own strengths 
at the back, which are the heads 
of Gilbert and Blake. 

Yet with a talented winger, 
Stuart, * having come on for 
Curbishky, Chariton could 
have done so much more than 
merely hoof and hope. 


Kuwait (Renter) - Kuwait, 
reprieved on Thmsday by FIFA 
fbfowlffig a nine-week inter- 
national ban. have fired Mal- 
colm Affison from Ins as 
national manager after only nine 

AHisoa is the loath coach 
dismissed by Kuwait in fear 
years. “I have nothing to any, 
thank yon,” . Allison said* 
abruptly patting down the trie- 
pbane wheh contacted aboat his 
dismissal in favour of Faleh 
Zachariah. the first Kuwaiti to 
hold the position. 

• MOSCOW: The Soviet 
authorities have agreed to allow 
England to fly direct to Tbilisi 
for the international march with 
the Soviet Union on Wednesday 
week, a spokesman for the 
official news agency. Toss, said 
oa Saturday (Renter reports). 
The fixture had been ia doubt 
becanse the Soviets had wanted 
the squad to travel via Moscow. 


PORTSMOUTH: A Knijpit K Swan. P 
Handyman, MT«tt N Stake. W Gilbert, K 
O'Callaghan. M Kennedy. M Quinn, M 
° wood), v KUm. 

Ctannor (sub: P Wood), v FHafcB. 
IMmcMJ BodentuBn (Sussex). 

• MEXICO CITY: Players at 
the World Cup finals this sum- 
mer will nadmgo random tests 
that can detect evidenee of drag 
use as long as six months before 
the finals, the tomuament’s 
organizing committee said (AP 


First tfivision 

Arsenal 1 West Karo Utd 0 

Bamintft a n i CHy 1 Totew te ni 2 

Coventry City 0 SheffleUWM 1 

Luton Town 1 Oxtonj Unitad 2 

Manchextar Ctty 0 Wattord 1 

Newcastle Urf 3 toswteti Town 1 

NeMngiam For 1 AstanVBa 1 

OPR 1 MaocfaastarUW 0 

Southampton i Liverpool 2 

WostBroowich 2 LelceatorCtty 2 

Second division 



m 1 CHELSEA (1) 1 


Barmtoy 2 ft**"* 1 ^ * 

BtacMwraRwB 1 «"*?■ * 

BnflhtDn 2 SWcbCRv 0 

CnaHton 1 Portamoulh 2 

Fulham 0 WhnhMon 2 

Huddersfield Th 1 StwwwbiBYTn 0 

HuB City 1 Sundarimn 1 

IHMmd 2 Laemirited 2 

Norwich City 2 CtoBsteUtd 1 

Oldham Ath 2 CrystalPri 0 

Sheffield Utd 1 GrimabvTowD 1 

Third division 

1 Wigan 
Bristol Cily 3 Note! 

Busy 3 Bourn 

Cardiff CRy 1 G i n gha m 
Derby Coonty 1 Damqitan 
Doncaster Rvrs 0 Wohro r ham 
Plymouth Argyle 2 Waisal 

Huddersfield Th 1 ShrowBbwYTn 
HuBQty 1 SundmJBtd 

Oldham Ath 
Sheffield Utd 

2 Newport County 8 
2 Bristol Rovers 0 
2 Chesterfield 0 

Fourth dhriston 

Cambridge Utd . 0 SaoBhorpe Utd 1 

Chester 2 Preston N-End 0 

Crewe Ate* 4 Rochdale .2 

Norifaamp tt m 2 PWmfaarootfi 2 

Oitaiit 2 Exeter CHy 2 

Port Veto 0 T ian m si eRiwe 0 

Southend UW 2 AUarehot 0 

Swindon Town 3 Sunday ' t 

Torquay Utd 2 Hereford IM 1 

Scottish premtordreisson 

Cntac 1 OuedaeUM 

Oydataa* 1 Htoaro ia o 


StMhroo 1 Afai d eee 

Manchester Utd 
Sheffield Wod 

West Ham Utd 
Luton Town 
Newcastle Uld 

Manc hester C ity 

S oul ldinpidxi 


Coventry City 
Oxford United 

Bxnvnghain City 

3220 6 6 
3316 9 G 
3118 5 8 
2917 7 5 
3016 7 7 
3115 7 9 
2715 6 6 
3214 9 9 
3013 9 8 
3114 512 
3213 514 
2812 S10 
3311 814 
3211 714 
3311 418 
33 9 816 
31 91013 
31 B 8 15 
31 8 518 

31 51115 

33 7 4 22 

32 3 821 

72 3G 66 
65 36 63 

52 25 59 
47 30 58 
39 32 55 
SO 45 52 
42 25 51 
49 35 51 
45 44 48 

53 44 47 
49 39 44 
47 43 42 
38 43 41 
41 43 40 
33 51 37 

44 S7 35 

45 56 34 
47 58 32 
25 45 29 
33 50 26 
25 53 25 
27 75 17 

Norwich C2ty 



Crystal Pal 
Oldham Ath 
Grimsby Town 
Stoke CHy 

Blackburn Ftvrs 
Bradford City 
Huddersfield Tn 
Shrewsbury Tn 
Leeds Undid 
Cartsta LHd 

3220 7 5 87 
3218 5 9 53 
3118 7 8 42 
2915 6 8 53 
33131010 56 
3113 810 51 
3013 710 SI 
3113 711 38 
3313 614 51 

31 111010 34 
3311 913 48 
32101210 39 
2912 413 44 
32101012 40 
2912 413 35 
32101012 43 
3311 616 41 
3211 815 42 

32 9 815 34 
31 8 815 31 
28 8 416 29 
30 6 618 29 


Gamble (2), Turner. Gtobins 
Matr 2338 

Swindon Town 
MansfMd Town 

Wigan Am 
Derby County 

Plymouth Argyte 
Bristol Oty ” 
York City 
Notts Cowity 
Doncaster mrs 
Rotherham Utd 
Bristol Rovers 
ouuOrl nanors 



SOUTHERN LEAGUE; Promter pteWon; 
Aytesbury 5. Alyacfturuh 0; Chatewfonl 1. 
RS Southampton 0; Dudtoy 0, King's Lynn 

GOLA LEAGUE: Altrincham 1. Enfield 4; 
Cheltenham 2. Boston 1: Dagenham 3, 
Barrow 0: Danfotd 0, Kettering 2-, Fricwey 
3. Telford 1: XiddarTnnafor3. WaUdsfone 
1 : Mardstone 1, Runcorn 1; Northwich 1. 
Bath 2. Nuneaton 3, Stafford 0; Sea r- 
^ou^h 1. Weymouth i; Wyoomhe 2. 

vision; BMncay 3. Windsor and Eton 1; 
Carshalton 1. Fantborough 0; Hayes a 
Croydon ft Herman 1, WaWromsnw 2: 
Kmgstomaft 1 , Bishoo's Stortford 1: 
Wofcncnam 1 . DuMcfa Z wortf “ 
Hitchm 1; Yoovd 3, Epsom end Ewes w. 
Sutton Undid 1. Biriung 1. FntdhMom 

W O. TSforv 3; Bnxniey 1. Boreham 
1 : Ctwsham 1, Lsatoernead ft 

Hampton 2. Basddoni; Hornchurch 1. St 

AStortS 1; Lewes 1, Wembtey 3; Leyton- 
VftwaMO. RncNoy ft Maidenhead United 
3. Grays ft Starnes 3. Oxford City 0: 
Uxfandge 2. Hartow i; Walton and 
Hereham 0, Leytoratone Dtorf 0 SecaRd 
(fivitfon north; Bwkharrated ft Wotverton 
ft Hertford 0. CJaflont St Peter 1: 
HeytxWge Swifts ft Hemel Hentestead 1 : 

fteoshurv 0. Barton 1; LetCfnrorth 0. 

; RaMwn 3. Qapton 1 ; Tririg 1. 

RS Southampton ft Dudtoy ft King's Lynn 
0: Fareham 0. Bedwortn 1; rahar 1 . 
Crawley ft RUiesmne 1. Wefing 4; 
Gospon ft Witney ft Gravesend and 
Norfifleet 2. Corby 1; WBenfteB 1, 
Bastegstote ft Worcester 3. Shepshed 1. 
Mdsnd dhtsion: Banbury 1. Roddtoti 5: 
Bndqnonh 6. Leamington ft Bromamove 
1. Merthyr Tydfl 1: (Sweater 1. Lri»s> 
ter urated 3; MUe Oak 1, Forest Green 1; 
Moor Green ft Hednestard ft- Oldbury ft 
Grantham 1: Rushden ft Coventry Sport- 
ing ft Sutton CotdfiekJ ft Wsi&nborough 
O^VS Rugby ft Stourbridge ft 
So u thern division: Andover 0. Corinthian 
ft Chatham 1 . Erith and Dotovo dera ft 
DorQhestsr ft Woodford 1: Dunstable 1 . 

Newport County 

Uncain Cuy 
Swansea Oty 

P W D L F 
3323 4 8 53 
3418 8 7 62 
3017 9 4 60 
351B12 7 62 
3417 512 66 
3416 810 56 
3S 1411 10 54 
3515 713 58 
34141010 52 
38131211 35 
3414 612 39 
35131012 54 
33121011 46 
3212 614 39 
S5 Tf 717 39 
34 91213 39 
3S10 817 47 
33 9 816 46 
30 9 813 44 
1414 34 
oa oil 14 43 
38 9 819 42 
36 9 621 32 
33 7 719 38 

Port Vale 
Hartlepool Utd 

Southend Utd 
Ttanmere Rvrs 
Colchester utd 

Hereford Ufo 
Hafriax Town 
Crewe Alex 
Exeter City. 


Cambridge UW 

Torquay Utd 
Preston N-End 

3324 1 8 52 
361812 6 68 
3319 7 7 57 
361611 9 53 
351513 7 65 
3417 710 52 
331311 9 55 
3314 811 49 
3414 713 63 
3413 714 48 
3513 715 52 
3413 615 SB- 
3212 911 55 
3312 714 53 
3311 913 44 
3211 615 40 
3310 914 46 
3410 915 41 

34 91114 31 

32 81311 41 

33 91074 33 

35 9 521 48 
32 8 717 29 
35 S 821 38 

Dundee Utd 



St Moran 

2915 9 S 48 
281310 5 44 
2813 -9 6 50 
2712 ft 8 -42 
3012 711 43 
2912 611 38 
29 9 614 43 
27 9 513-33 
29 5 618 25 
,20 S 519 24 

Scottish first divifiion 
n«refa«tew ■ 0 ctyd> 

East IK* 
Forfar Alfa 

0 Ayr United 


Dum ba rton 
KBroa mocfc 
I nil III M 


730 unless stated 


Brechin City 

1 Brechin City 0 

2 ABoaAthtattc 0 

3 Hoftan 3 


217 7 3.58 27 41 
ai4 8 7 49 35 38 
M14 7 9 49 39 35 
2813 7 8 39 24 33 
» 812 9 38 39 38 
2810 '840 34 35 28 
31 91012 44 53 28 
30 9 9T2 31 45 27 
29 71111 33 42 25 
28 71110 37 48 25 
27 8 811 37 33 24 
2610 412 41 44 24 
27 61110 28 39 23 
25- 5 713 31 46 17 


1; March ft Chatteris 1. 
resanes 4: Hteton 3 Qmat 

Cantertxxy 1 : Swppm 0. Cambridge City 
ft Thenet ft Ashla'd 3. 

CB1TRAL LEAGUE: FM dntetoR Aston 
VBa 3. Bamstey ft Liverpool 1; Manches- 
ter United ft 

Rovers 1, Arsenal 4: Chelsea 1. Crystal 
Palace ft Oxford 9, Raartng 1; Swansea 
2. QrMiton 5: West Ham 4, aiartton 2. 

Stevenage ft ware 2. Karafieid 2. Secofid 
ttvfoton south: Egham 1. Mi 
Fetrnam 7. Eastbourne United ft 
ft Bracknell 4; Marlow 1, Cambertey 1; 
Metropolitan Poflce 3, BackwaB Hwtn 0; 
— 6. Dorkmo 1; PeterofioW ft 
^ 0, Banstead ft 
3. Woking ft 

Dnfield ft DMBery 4. Gtenavon ft Nowry 
ft Crusaders ft Bius Cup: ThM nnk 
Srarawood 1. Portadown ft Camcfc ft 
Aids 1: Chrnney Corner 0 . Coleraine 4; 
Gtentoran 1 . CtmomBe ft 
First efiviaion: BUngham Symrionia 1 , 
Whitby 1: Bishop Auckland ft Hartlepool 

1:Ctie3tw Le Street 0. Ryhope 1: Crook ft 
South Bank 3: FiwryhU 3, North Shields ft 
Gretna 1. BfttnghamTown 3; Poteriee 0. 
Bedbngton 1: Sp®rmynroor ft Brandon 4. 
Cap: Second round: Tow Law ft Blue Star 

- -Vt • 1 Ifl 

GPp, 1. Chelsea 2: Watford ft 
Aisentf ft West Hem ft Norwich 0. 
Second tSwme Brantford ft Luton 4; 
Bristol Rows ft Oxford ft Colchester 1. 
Bournemouth i; Re**n<j 2. Southend 1; 
Swmdon 3, Crystal Palace ft 

Senl-it nrt;Siyth1.WhitlevBavft 

ESSEX SENIOR LEAGUE: Snnfer section: 

Bowen 1. ChelmsfortJ 1; Halstead 5. East 
Ham 1; maiden ft Convey island ft 
Sawbndgewonh 0. WSthatn 1 : Sttftsted 0. 
Bremwtxxj 1; Wtyertwe ft Burtoam 

lhefford 3, Clacton v.TIptree ft Ely ft 
Premier Drirtstan: AMngton United 1 . 
Raynors Lane ft Ahnont&ury Graanwav 
1. Mttdenheed Town 3; bkmarf, 
Faktwdft Hounslow 4. Moreton ft Morris 
Itotoraft Thame 3: Pegasus Juntars ft 
Wa^^l: Sharpness ft Veto ft 
SuoormarinB ft Waflngford 1; Shartwood 
Town 1. 

™n«™ral COUNTIES EAST iM«to 


gtfflan J.. . Eastwood ft Pontefract 
SEW #*»" 0 -cup:tiiw Round: 
Hrtan ft Heanor 1 . Fourth Rowd: 
GgkSng ijThacMey ft ffoortfa round 
rterioK Sheffield 5. Gufoe*~- ’ 

Rottod: Bradtoy ft Boston ft 
FA VABBTmI finslr nreHeySorthal 
ft WtebechftW an h ifllc nl, H a w s owe n l. 
UMSUE: Pramter DMafore ArnpttWM ft 
Buckingham 1; Eynesbury ft Stotfoldft: 
Hoi beach 1, Long Suckby 0 
:kthfcnborough 1 . Baktack 1; Northamp- 
ton Spencer ft St Neats. ft Patton 3, 
Rothwel ft Rounds 4, Desborough 4; 
Hanford 3. Aitesey ft Wootton ft Bourne 


toWw? 0. Portfiett ft HdfSftten. 

YMCA 4 . Shorahan ft Mktourst and 
Ease boume 1 , Lancing ft Peacehoven 
|idjg8OTTjbe4. Bregase m 2, Ringmer 


Sbtth round replay 

Watford vUverpool (7Afy 

Scottish second dhrisfam 

AMonRorew _ 

Mwrfa ' 2 RaUb Rover* 1 

Cowdudreafir ' 9 Du nte nottre 2 

M ea d owbe tec -1 OnoonfoPtek 1 
Oo»o!®t? 2-BMwidk. . 1 

BteMngASb 2'Sttnroer 2 

-St Johnstone 1 EntStHog - -1 

" >w D.L F A Pts 
OoeentriSto '= 2718 S, 3 52 20 42 

amfann&to 2818 8 2 61 34 40 

■ Quean ?. p»fc 3015 8 9 47 32 38 

frtiroMh. . 2813 7 B 48 35 33 

Maadgwtank 28111ft 7 47 37 32 
St Joh nstone 2714 310 50 37 31 
*10 6 10 37 32 26 
R^th Ftovors 2810 .612 SO 48 26 
Cowgrtwift B | 612 35 40 24 

BttSlMng 26 B 414 30 42 20 

Stenhsmur -25 8 413 37 52 20 

S 5 ®3f ® 53 18 

_ ^ 2? 6 419 29 60 16 


Itotoit Btoric*! v Toottng ft MBCham 
KsyesjCritydon v Sutton 




StJofalHto a * 

SOUfflBBi LEAGUE: Prwteer dMHow 
Ayetobrn iv Gra v e se nd (at Tring PC 

Ayeislxxy v Gravesend rat Tri 

Huddersfield v Dwby. Hul v Lends (7A 
Second dMrint Yortnr Wo te er ttoi a pto n 

Dunfermfipe . 

■ Queen's Park 
Arbrtwtti . 

Sn _ 

Berwick . 

^ vQPRCJji); Wut Horn v Ipswich 

Afofexi Rovers 26 5 615 26 60 16 


Chorfey ■ 

.SMSNORF BWH LEAGUE: Cattorntte v 


CUB HATCHES: ChotonbamvGtauces- 

■ t Ooole 

g gw . 

2 Oavreetry 
1 Hanrich 
■1 WrtMp 
ft "-toidUBd 

4 Br 


BOWLS: Mae: PnxiMTtiti d a rmJmriifo 

: ■ SB80R CUft fternPFtaafc 

«y»4fom .A«fon^KT Stanley 2. Bootle v, 
' SSS 01 * VCSflwnto-ft-Eastwood 

araeough l; Ftaetmx ' * 

Gfosaon 0: Conoteir 


1 ; StolyHdgbCeHk i 
utBsn 1 . • • • : ■ . ^ 


* ' ‘ - * a 

frame ft Liskevd ft. Manootsfield 1: 

:5. Msfcshamft: Tsuntort 0. Briotor CRy 

■■milteMrelttMlIli l* Exmorafa i 

.'reserve#. ft.7torini 
, W e m n supeMAere 

'•I* j&anoudLti 

1 'e^d^ 

ffllI ,U . K 

,# If 


:[ 1 1 *^ , 


»K» i ^ i 


■4iK lL4 l 

. • • 1 * 

mV; nr* 

« ^ 


ll » • T. 

•>_. ’ ■» 5* 
- ::-; 
• ■• •..-;*- f ,-,;> 
/ ' - l.'.' r -V Ti 

■ . '"'■C? *£1 

„• ., . '■ .'. 

_ •■ ■• h '■*. 
•••'-. '“*» -s 
*•• ■ *1 
- 1,. ■ V » 


'• •*■<£ 

I **; 


k - 

— - 'W « 

.. •-*» 
- ' A.-, 

' '*' — , 

' • 

. ' 1 
" " -V 

>. ' ^ * 
- • u 

•■■ - «: 
■> • "SV-J 

• -.- . • <■- •■* 

. . •.». ••■•ir-’ "ft 

■ - ■ -T .J* 

• -*r sR 4 

t •^T -’V 
.... a “ 

. '• J 



. ..- 


,. at- 

' * ** 








to the job 
in hand 

By VtaceWr igfat 

Involvement in the fater 
rounds of either of the two main 
domestic cop competitions of- 
ten makes players regard League 
matches as a distractioaTHow^ 
ever, .on Saturday, most of the 
mam stiBleft in the FA Cup 
and Milk Ctip refused to tet their 
minds wander and concentrated 
on the business of coflectme 

thr ee po ints. 

Southampton were the odd 
sxte'oat, but then it is never a 
disgrace to lose to UvopeoL a 
crowd of 19.784 - the biggest of 

the season at the Dell - saw this 

possible dress rehearsal for the 
FA Cup sertri-finaL Lawrence 
gave -Southampton a 49th 
minute lead by squeezing the 
ball home from -an i mp ro ba ble 

angte. but Liverpool quickly 
equalized through Wark and 
then Rush sconsda brilliant goal 
for the winner. The result win 
put Liverpool in good heart for 
tonight's. sixth round replay at 
Watford and has increased the 
prospect of a League and FA 
Cup double on Merseyside. 

Watford win probably have 
something to say about that a 
scrambled goal by their centre 
half, Terry, after 73 minutes 
enabled than to- win a low-key 
affair at Maine Road. Manches- 
ter City, their opponents, squan- 
dered . chances to build a 
comfortabfc half-time lead and 
have no goals or points to show 
from them last five matches. - ' 

Sheffield Wednesday, who 
play Evertoh in the other FA 
Cup semi-final, beat Coventry 
City away for their third victory 
in eight days. Sleriartd scored 
the only goal but Wednesday 
were more grateful to Hodge, 
their goalkeeper, who denied 
Regis (twice) and Brazil with 
acrobatic saves. 

Maurice Evans, nmnpgw of 
Oxford United, the Milk Cup 
finalists, has said that a safe 
League position is -more im- 
portant 10 the club than glory at 
Wembley, so be win have been 
delighted by his team's 2-1 
success against a jaded Lamn 
Town. A penalty by Aldridge - 
bis 24lh goal of the season - 
cancelled out Preece's early 
effort and Charles punished 
Luton farther. It was only the 
third time that Lmon have lost 
on their artificial surface. 

Bobby Robson, the England 
manager, was at St Andrew’s, 
where Tottenham Hotspar, by 
winning 2-1. deepened Bir- 
mingham City's gloom. Waddle 
had a fine match; ™dcin B 
Tottenham's first goal for Ste- 
vens and sooritg the second 

Wimbledon's long-ball game, 
may not be everyone's aip of tea 
but nobody can deny hs effec- 
tiveness. The 2-0 defeat of 
Fulham at Craven Oottame im- 
proves the chances of Wunbfo- 
don beco.ming^hfc; WPEH 
supported dub. ever lo be pro? 
rooted to, the first division. 
Sanchez and Cork scored the 
goals and just to prove that it 
was not Fulham's day, Barnett 
missed a penalty. 

Hearts in 
to dictate 

For the first time this season. 
Heart of Midlothian arc fa a 
position 10 win the Scottish 
League premier division by 
their own efforts rather than 
relying on the mistakes of the 
other challengers. A 2-0 win on 
Saturday over Motherwell, who 
are bottom of the table, co- 
incided with Dundee United, 
Aberdeen and Celtic each drop- 
ping a point. , „ 

At the turn of year* Hearts 
could have been overtaken by 
United, Aberdeen and Critic but 
goals from MacDonald and 
Robertson enabled them to 
equal the premier division 
record of 21 League games 
without defeat, lifting, them 
three points dear of United. 

Celtic and Dundee Unit ed did 
themselves no favours by draw- 
mg 1-1 m an umidy match at 
Parkbead where United's -Hob 
was ordered off two minutes 
from the end after collecting two 
bookings. David Hay, tire CWnc.. 
manager, conceded: Hearts 
hare got to be favourites now. 
even although they hare a lot of 
hard games coming up. It se em s 
that everyone rise is trying. to 
give them the tide.**. 

ft n e eded an eightieth minut e 
cqualier from MacLeod, the, 
Celtic substitute, to cancel out 
Dodds’s first half goal 

Halesowen and 
in driving seat 

By Flu! Newman 

Halesowen Town and 
Wisbech Town, who ficedeacb 
other in the semi-finals. or the 

FA Vase a year a$>- arc <m 
course 10 -meet in this seasons 
final In tire first legs of titer 
semi-finals on. Saturday, 
Halesowen (West Midlands 
League) drew 1-1 away to 
Warri n gt on Town (Nor* wen 
Counties League) and Wisbech 
secured a 2-2 draw away to 
Southall (Vauxhan-Opel 

Halesowen, who went on to 
win bv season's competition 
after beating Wisbech, wew 
behind to TVaniflglon 
Hunter convened * 
early in the second hwM»* 
equalized through Lee Joroson a 
quarter of an Hour famt 
The match was watched °S * 
record crowd for Wamngron ot 
more than 2,000. at least half of 
them Halesowen suppo rter^. 

Wi&ech took tbe lead^ainsr 

Southall after K ItU ^!5 

through Waddicor. who payed 

far St amfo rd in tire 

final Ferdinand put So^hm 

Icvd -shonly before 

and Hoflandgave 

after 07 minutes. Mtt etreiu 

Wisbech’s substitute, scored 

what tcridmrorett I* > cry 3 * 1 

g g mt w fr three mmole* _lr0fa 

tire end. Tbe attendance *» 

1 .03& 





Emandar looks in Sangster’s 
different league 

By Mandarin 

Peter Scudamore, the leading rider, completes a Chepstow four-timer with a victory on Celtic Fleet 

Last Suspect spot on for Aintree again 

By Michael Seely 

Last Suspect showed him- 
self to be on target fora second 
consecutive Grand National 
win when beating Corbiere by 
IS lengths in the Marathon 
Chase at Chepstow on Satur- 
-day. “I though we were beat 
when Broadhealh went dear,” 
Tun Forster, the trainer, said 
yesterday, “bat after that he 
went through them Eke a knife 
through butter. I'm delighted 
with the horse, but li ghtning 
seldom strikes in the same 
place twice.” Forster himself 
will be bidding fin: a fourth 
National victory. 

David Stait, Jenny Pitman's 
assistant expressed himsrif as 
being satisfied with Corbiere’s 
performance in finishing sec- 
ond as the old warrior is being 
prepared to improve on his 
previous record of one victory 
and two thirds in the Nation- 
aL “We couldn't have hoped 
to beat Last Suspect at those 
weights,” he said “Corbiere 
will now have a couple of days 


Andy Tnrael! was a trainer 
with his thoughts on two 
Nationals after his horse, 
Maori Venture, had shown the 
well being of the East Hendred 
team by beating Port Askaig in 
the Bic Orange Razor Handi- 
cap at JLmgneld Park. “Maori 
Venture stays well and I'd like 
to run him fa the Irish Grand 
National if he gets a reason- 
able weight” Turn ell said 

Tumefl lhen went on to talk 
about his Aintree hope, 
Tracy’s Special, who failed to 
complete the course in last 
week's Rite Club Chase at 
Cheltenham. “His reins got in 
a tangle after a mistake,” he 
said “So Steve Knight had to 
pufi him up. I might give him 
another run at Newbury at the 

“He missed nearly two sea- 
sons, but I think I've got him 
right now,” Tomefl went on 
and with only lOst 31b to cany 
he's got a reasonable racing 

Negative National news, 
however, came from Newcas- 
tle after Peaty Sandy had 
surpassed himself by gaining 
his eighth course victory in the 
Mercedes Benz Chase. Helen 
Hamilton, the 12-year-old's 
trainer, said that Peaty Sandy 
would now be aimed at the 
Scottish' National, provided 
that the ground is not too firm. 
And Jimmy Fitzgerald is un- 
certain about the immediate 
future of Canny Danny, who 
was pulled up at the fourth 
fence from home. 

“If he's alright, we might 
give huh another race and see 
how he gets on,” Fitzgerald 
said, “but we might find that 
the five week freeze-up has 
prevented ns from getting 
Canny Danny ready for the 

Fitzgerald also reported 
Forgive 'n' Forget to be suffer- 
ing from sore shins after his 
gallant third to Dawn Run in 
last Thursday’s Cheltenham 
Gold Cop. “He lost 22 kOos 
and is feeling a bit sorry for 

himself", the trainer said. “He 
may not run again this 

Peter Easterby continued in 
sparkling form at Gosforth 
Park and John O'Neill's dou- 
ble on Withy Bank . and 
Hunslet gave the versatile 
Mai ton trainer his seventh 
win in the past nine racing 
days. These victories will also 
have given heart to supporters 
of Well Rigged, who has been 
backed down from 14-1 to 
favouritism at 8-1 for the 
£25,000 W illiam Hffl Lincoln 

Ladbrokes have wade Steve 
Cauthen favourite at 11-8 on 
to become champion jockey 
for the third successive year 
when the 2986 Flat racing 
season begins at Doncaster on 
Thursday. They then offer 7-4 
against Willie Carson, 6-1 Pat 
Eddery and 14-1 Brent Thom- 
son. With Walter Swinburn 
likely to be riding for Lester 
Piggott as well as Michael 
Stoute, the 40-1 on offer 
against this stylish jockey may 
be a little generous. 

The result of Saturday's Blc 
Razor Gold Cop underlined the 
advantage that horses with a run 
since the freeze have over those 
without. Inlander and Moon 
Mariner, fourth and sixth in the 
Imperial Cup a week earlier, had 
the finish of the valuable 
Lingfield race between than. 

With that in mind, I expect 
four of today's six races at 
Newcastle to be woo by horses 
with a recent race under their 
belt. Two of that quartet, DAN 
THE MILLAR (3.15) and 
DANISH FLIGHT (3.45), ran 
in the Waterford . Crystal Su- 
preme Novices' Hurdle at 
Cheltenham last Tuesday. 

Neither finished in tbe first 10 
behind River Gsriog bat their 
previous form bears close 
inspection and tbe fact that 
Monica Dickinson and Jimmy 
Fitzgerald chose to run them at 
the Festival at all is aa indica- 
tion of toe high regard in which 
they are held. 

LING HALL, who won at 
Catterick the first day after 
racing returned following the 
cold speU, missed a tempting 
point-to-point engagement on 
Saturday to wait for the 
Hart burn Novices' Hunter 

Another lady trainer with 
bright prospects of saddling a 
winner is Mary Reveley, who is 
already enjoying her best season 
over jumps and has an improv- 
ing handkapper in LUCYLET 

For the day's best bet, though, 
1 take EMANDAR to gain his 
second win over fences in toe 
Bran ton Novices* Chase. Harry 
Wharton's seven-year-old beat 
the subsequent Sun Alliance 
Chase winner. Cross Master, at 

Nottingham in December and 
then had the misfortune to come 
up a gainst A Sure Row at 
Haydock the following month. 
He meets nothing of that calibre 

At Plmnpton, the former hfab- 
riass chaser, ROYAL JUDGE- 
MENT, runs in the first division 
of the Clapper Challenge Cup 
Hunters' Chase and he need 
only have retained a measure of 
his old sparkle to make a 
successful seasonal debut 

GATHABAWN was haviag 
bis first run for more than four 
months when a close fourth to 
Party Miss at Newton Abbot 
last Wednesday and would not 
have to improve much on that to 
win the Eton Batchers Challenge 

Martin Pipe's Ol fortune at 
Cheltenham was crowned at the 
weekend when two of Us horses. 
Bob And Peter and Waikiki, 
were killed. The Wellington 
trainer's lack can only get better 
and he should score with his 
only runner of the day, SILVER 
ACE. who will be chasing his 
fourth win from Us last five 
starts in toe Bolney Amateur 
Riders' Handicap Chase. 

Of most interest at Wolver- 
hampton today will be the 
hunter chase debut of 
RATTUN JACK (44)- John 
Wilkinson's hom e -bred seven- 
year-old is unbeaten in four 
pofat-to-poiuts and was most 
impressive when winning a di- 
vision of the adjacent hunts in 
toe fastest time of the day at the 
Oakley nine days ago. 

My other’ principal fancy at 
tbe Midlands track is POLLEN 
BEE, who was backward when 
ninth in a big field on his debut 
at Warwick in February, 

Today’s course specialists £°„ 


TRAINERS; Mn M DiddnBOn, 8 from 21 
runners, 38.1%; A Scott. 15 from 65, 
23.1%; MHEastmtiy, 24 from 111, 21.6%. 
JOCKEV& O Bradley. 14 wfemera from 60 
ndes. 212%; C Hawkins. 18 from 104, 
17.3%; T G Dial. 15 from 93. 16.1%. 


TRAMBIS: S IMor. 14 whiners from 40 
njrmam. 35%; T Mttchs®. 14 from 60, 
233%; R Armytage. 8 from 41. 1B£%- 

JOCKEYS: P Double. 14 winners from 67 
Tides. 20.9% J LowMoy, 11 from 61. 
18.0% S Smith Eccfett. 13 tram 77, 

TRAINERS: Mrs M Dickinson. 13 winners 
from 22 runners. 63.6% Mrs M FDroel. 26 
from 100. 28% N Henderson. 8 from 41, 

JOCKEYS: D Browne, 8 winners from 13 
rtdaa 615% P Scudamore. 30 from 133, 
22.8% R Eamshaw. 3 Iran IS. 20%. 

grip is 

The Irish Flat racing season 
traditionally gets underway on 
Si Pal rick's Day and (986 is no 
exception. Leopardstown today 
being the opening programme 
(Our Irish Racing Correspon- 
dent writes). 

For the first time since, he 
embarked upon his astonish- 
ingly successful partnership 
with Vincent O'Brien, Robert 
Sangster could have a strong 
challenger for the title of leading 
owner. Sheikh Mohammed has 
greatly stepped up his interest in 
Irish racing and in the new 
season he will have more horses 
in training with Kevin 
Prendergasi at the Curragh and 
David O’Brien in Tipperary 
than anyone else. Between them 
these two trainers will handle 
almost 40 of the Sheik's bred-in- 
ihe-purpie thoroughbreds. 

By all accounts he should not 
have long to wait for a Kevin 
Prendergast success as his 
horses are reported to be 
amongst the most forward at the 
Curragh. There is quite a tip for 
Harry Quinn, trained by 
Prendergasi for his wife, in the 
Castro! Two-Vear-Okl Maiden 
which opens proceedings 

Harry Quinn cost £71,000 
guineas as a yearling, but is 
drawn three from the outside 
and could meet his match in 
Keen Cut. who is favoured by a 
rails draw in this 10-runner 
field. Keen Cut is trained by 
Derraot Weld and will be ridden 
by Michael Kinane, the respec- 
tive winners of the trainers' and 
jockeys' titles in Ireland last 

Little went right for Jim 
Bolger in 19SS, but he is hopeful 
ofa much improved scoring rate 
this term and the well-tuned 
Northern Date can take home 
the most valuable race for 

ounger horses today, the 

lurmah Castro! Trophy. 

For this national holiday Irish 
racegoers have a choice of three 
fixtures with the jumpers 
dominating the action at both 
Down Royal and Limerick. T wo 
Aintree Grand National 
hopefuls. Drumlargan and 
Kilkilowen. take one another on 
in the Allied Irish St Patricks 
Day Handicap Chase ai Down 


OoinjFgood tfraoft ' * 

2.15 (X)RMnilAII-CA8IIAL8 HANDICAP (E1.522£m 4f) (IS runners) 

1 41-21DS NEARUN |C HOUM) J A Old 7-11-11 

2 FMD-tn ARWKTMSTfN Wwaiar}N J Wbeotor 7-11-8 

4 ■ PM0P8 DAN JMR£ (D Hflnlnl PAflar 11-11-8 

5 DWnUEMrsJPUiMN A SualM 8-11-4 

.6 OODU0-0 BMPS KB^fGNp^OnpiBy 11-11-8 

7 (TORI* JMWY BOY (P HcxAIwt) P Bu<Jar 7-11-8 

~3 mow 1 LMBED SENT (C HUM) CTWBtttS'11-fl __ 
9 B4WOA4ttlHB*EO*SAWBto^flSGow7-1l4lM 
it pomp NaioicvaohAsiK^^iitoMMH 


13 38400F POUraUR0«SM(b 


17 MOOOqf SAttttAKMvJjd 


is moffo noejQHTjs 

20 2SP2-PF KHOminU 

_S Starwood 
Mr N Wheeiar 
— MFudong 

. M Head 


JT Giftord 6-1 1-8 

JJ Brldgar 6-11-3 

n)R5Gow6-1Vfl . 

JHBakar 8-11-8 

Jonas 6-11-8 

. CWamm 
_ MrC 

~ j pK3S 



■ RDumwody 
B Wright 

;VSrMry 8-11-3 


tSSUe mkr. W HO PscMy OMafcy. 5-1 Rymnr*sSon, 13-2 Pun Rote. 8-1 PoWtouro. IP-1 
nmisynr, ifri otei. 


- « f BMZMDOON8 


EDunOKW Dun 6-11-4. 

or Mrs J MdaJTBHiteB 5-10-13 - 
IMlfPWrtgMN LM-Judson 5-10-13 

. Samantha Dmswr (7) 
Rsmsdan) Mrs J PMnsn 5-11-4—. M faun 
— -BWitgm 

JFomUin)SL Dow 5-10-13 RMcGHin 

at Ids Col A TntopRCAaiqnsgs 8-10-13 BPowoa 

flJEtang MO-13 Rftow* 

I JHBakar 5-10-13 Blwngm 

OHtoif 8-NM3L RRowa 

P D tones fi-10-13 AWebt) 

5-10-W Mbs C Moore 

. JUnmoy 
MrTThomson Jones 

MrH Wheetor 

PHRHamiwnJ AMoore _ 

Rj Hodges 5-10-8^ SEarts 

D B tMsnwocTs-lOB Msa P 

4-106 JH 



17 8920 JACUZZI _ . 

19 00-0440 NAMOOSjf K«A 


26 8P OflDG&TRDYALE Wfajeekel NJ Wheeler 5-10-13 
as- oomo couraseouscharobi 


40 0 TRUE POETRY (” 

45- 0 MESSAUNEfTl 

Evans I BSn Zaktaus. 10006 Jacuasi. 5-1 Foaa'a Caste. 7-1 Cm&out Oupar, 

Pimnpton selections 

By Mandarin- 

2. 1 5 Meaiiin. 2.45 Jacuzzi 3. 1 5 Royal Judgement. 3.45 E3-Har-Le- 
Har. 4.J 5 Gathabawn. 4.45 Silver Ace. 5.15 Laurence Rambler. 

amateurs^l ,244^01 IQ (11) 

3 112111- . ROYAL JUDOaeir TO Mfa ftWMJ tody Rooiw 

10 oemMF- FAULOON 

13 arrow WHO DA 

» ^ 

26 3103/06- 

unu (J Wntte) J w*to TZ-IZ-O..;- — 

PUAQSi^bsEBouciiw) Mrs E Boucher 1MM N Hacking 

28 PP/0440- 00WE HBJ. (Mae A Hawing) NJ1 MBeOJ 9-ll^ft. 

12-124G Webster 0 

1-3 Royal Jnclgaawnt 02 Faulooa. 7-1 Lord Dawson, 12-1 PBagsr, Rocamlst, 16-1 oOiar 

045 UOCFKLD SELUNO HWHM-E (£902An) (20) 

2 0QB-3P BROMWICH BCfY B Bsp^R How W1-3-— 

130290 TARSEWY 
0010 TMRUMJM ! 


8 JELD0RA(JBttdgw)J 
400 MABLEATW — " 

020 sown OF Cl 



134RSTWQ Part. 3-1 EFHaMjaJfar. S-l Broinwtt Boy, 7-1 Par Savvy, 9-1 fawn. 

4.15 DON BUTCHERS HANDICAP HURDLE (£2£3&2m 4f) (14) 

10 022/1 -M OATOABAWN W W Norm^HJHo^ 10-lM rj—SfateW 

11 4F20FP BOWCTAjfcFH^AltoorertM- MtesC tfSEi2 

ts 12001-0 MB PAOB gtoMj LM) J S-1^ MP#man 

{g , w t w> HAnesrSisu fl) Graftand N A 

is emro allado 


22 J«l60 SYLVAN 

21/40P0 CORKS LAD (W 

K^hRnch) K CBB 

(Mrs V Mwedni) P Mtetwfl 4-108 Rtfcrwoody 

‘RJHOdgM 11-10-0 


. JHDavles 

7-a Ur KM 4-1 HoM Ttw tod, 5-1 M Dad. 1« Fbvfe fisherman, 8-1 Hereaoeugh, 
S^iJoter% W E«JOf rebso. 

445 BOLNEY HAWHCAP CHASE (ratateure£1^18An) (16) 

i gS B■5IV^SSla^^S^I®sw;- ,,,, 


fi 401811 SBLKHUSE 

7 03000V MY BUCK 

« 300213- — 

Stored D M Grind Mi-S. 

M C fa* MO-11- 

C Cbm 14-10-n - - 

(C-0) pi SnilWP R Hedger 10-1M— T UteM 

T Thomson ufe, 

A Water | 


0 380713- —w w 

8JWMW USEUKWP^SW-Wimn} ™^S-iMMhfSWafBman0 

(S Pudge) ST Joctes 9-10-7 J“ 

tsfa] M J I 


ji as BBiaaa 


J Baton 7-10-7 w 

r7-i0-7 LftHNfa v! 

Vmm 1l-l07Mfa»SBefcherm 

JHBaksr 8-10-7 --L Harvey 0 

Caste# M-iW UssJRoaomanQ 

PRfflar 10-10-7 sC.lftSQ 

cnao 10-107 Mfe8ADovisf7) 

UU | || G H Qrahara 1WO-7 »tosPFBt*-Heyoa(7) 

13^ Sfcw As*.- 1BH0 flosrt. !W SfaM toi** 1M_Bomoll*i 


E Fa uait 10-12-0™.— 
LHWarebm 11-08. 


11.1M GWamdrefl (7) 


Going: good 

HANDICAP HURBLE (E78& 2m 120yd) (18 runners) 


(£2^40: 2m 120yd) (13) 

1 0001 BUND BURN MHBKttfty 11-13 (7taJ . 

2 000U JQNDALE MJ Lambert 11 -It 1 

3P00B- CONNECTOR D Yeoman 11-7. 

5 OF-O TARDA M Ketatt 114 

8 1441 DRBMLOTMEMD FUrvlavell-2. 

_ RGamty 
_ R M ‘ 
PA Fi 

1 1100 QAMSH RJQHT J G RtzGerStJ 11-10.. 

3 10 ROMAN DBJOHTJ I Chaiton 11-6 — 

4 0228 THIAJOJOJ8 Wlsan 11-5 

6 0434 BLUE RAVWE WQ Reed 11-0 

8 0M ODER SPY Mss GJenmngs 11-0 

10 0000 FRED ASTA8ENF Crump 11-0. 

11 2-02 HOPEFUL MfflSON Ms MI 

M Dwyer 


. Mr T Reed (4) 

11 401B 

_ ■ Fairarievu 1 

BAVAL (FfQD Yeo man 10-12 


. MMKgan 

! (C-DNB0 J P KetUaweB 10-11 




DcWnsoo 11-0- Q Bradley 

13 -000 MAfflCAL MOMBtr N Bycrott 11-0 AStrmi 

17 0000 SUHBiAD Lae 11-0 Mr H Brown 

21 4021 BURR WALK ID Jordan 11-0 — G Martm . 

23 HISS WOODY J S toune 10-9 N Doughty 

24 00 PLAY MOUNT J L Gtodsan 10-9 HreMKendaB 

25 YOUNG MGQNS MTReddan 10-9 P A Fairo* (4) 

2-1 HopaM Msston. M. Danish 5-1 Tamfcjo. 8-1 Roman 
jhL 10-1 Bum Wak. 12-1 odure. 

14 -4BP JARALL J MRchal 104. 

17 P300 CHEUNDSMGM Casual 0-4. 

21 0UP LUCKY PASS MreSLmyman 103 

22 ON ALBANY VICTOR (B)JG Ron(andS 103. 

23 0000 VALOROSO J R KattknreB 103 

24 8WU WNGS MARKBI Mrs P Stevens 103 

25 WO VWCE MAGIU. N TWder 103- 

- DCondefl 
_ K Traylor 
_ R Bumf 
. PMMnfJ) 

D Doran 

. N Jackson — 


Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

2 . 1 5 PhOly Athletic. 2.45 EMANDAR (nap). 3. 1 5 
26.04-0 PET! ANDtXJO mvahompson 103 — JOGonmn Dan/Hie. Millwr. 3.45 Danish Flight. 4.15 Ling 

27 0WP SAY PtEASE DW Chapman 103 NLeach HaU. 4.45 LucyteL 

28 0M0 WHAT A POP* K A Morgan! 03 JD Davies By Michael Seely 

2.45 EMANDAR (nap). 3.15 Dan The Millar 

WHAT A POPS! K A Morgan 
H Bind Bum. 7-2 DrGuBoffcie. 4-1 BavaL H Jorxbta.8-1 PM» 
Athletic. 10-1 Tan*. 12-1 Gaarim. 14-1 others. 

245 MUNTON NOVICE CHASE (£1,589: 2m 44) (9) 

2 0-12 EMANDAR H Whsrton 113 SYortosn 

3 0PD3 GOWAN MOU8E WABMptenaon 113 K Jones 

ANSWER TO PRATSfH Wharton 113 — M Brennan 

5 003 

B PtPli 80SWY BOLD MreCPCdWnwaaa 113 
7 22FO CLONROCHE STREAM W A Steprwnson 113 

Mr M Thor^ron (4) 

G Harker 

— REwnchaw 

8PP0F DANTES TREE R Robinson 113. 

9 0032 ESORACtM fflRB E Wadnson 113 

10 40FO MARACA8 BAY n N Wa$)0tt 113 

11 032F MAGQES GIRL Denys Smdt) 10-12- 
5-4 Emmdar. 3-1 Bwracim. 5-1 Answer To Preyar.M Goaan 

House. 10-1 Bonny Gold. 14-1 others. 

120yd) (19) 

1 1100 DAN THE HBJJUt (03} Mrs M DWdnson 128 

' REemshaw 

2 0212 RECORD HARVBT (BF) M H Easterby 12-1 JJO'NeB 

4 CAROL'S MUSIC ttsCPoedemwato 113 — — 


3m) (11) 

1 1 LMG HALL AfcsP Buss«81W DOnaHs (7) 

2 003 COULTERS CANDY DMrtSarva 113 — 

3 3- QREENBRIAR Mrs J Ftsness 113 — Mr G Furness m 

5 3- KEEP DREAMHfQJ-OwSiirelte 113 Mis* J Morton (7) 

9 022- MKHTY MARK FTWston 113 Mr J Water 

10 2P3 MOONS QUADRILLE MrsS Gospel 113 Mr R Mariey(7] 

11 F MET1CR8V GHOST CB Taylor 113- Mbs S Taylor (7) 

12 8P3 PANEGYRIST C J Alassndm 113 — 

13 PfU SWffiT FRANK Mrs PCookson 113- te CSampte (4) 

14 3/0- ZANLANDER MtaS P W#6 113 — 

16 0m BJEHBURT Mra H AJthtn 11-4 Mr M SowereUy (7) 

HA 8-1 

9 0200 LE PIAT ITOR R M WIMsker 113 — teSWNteker 

12 000- MOfTT SUPREMO {USA) J Sffinnrf 11 -® NOfwluNNER 

13 333 OWBiHERBSTTBEWNdnsoall-B GHarfcsrM 

14 STAfCULY W W HeMt 113 DDoran(4) 

15 00 THE BLACK SACK WC Bsey 113 — A Brown 

16 40PP TOM POUSSE D Lee 113— PTuck 

20 00/0 WAR WAR V Thompson 113 MrMThomoson (4» 

21 000 WATER WAGTAIL W A Stephenson 113. 

9-4 Etfertnt 3-1 AOtptiy Mark, 5-1 Zarfandsr. 7-1 Ling 
Coulters Candy. 10-1 Greenbrtar, 18-1 Keep Dreaming. 20-1 

4^45 MELTON HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,373: 2m 4f) 

1 1020 RB> DUSTER T FaHuM 183 

3 2PP2 CMPCHA8E B E WBifeisan 113 

4 Pan TABRIZ GOLD (D)JH Johnson 10-10 

5 8330 VTTMOUC (C-oSbF) R F Ftsfter 7-10-7 
7 00-1 LUCTLET Mrs G Reveley 103 flOexJ — P NBwr (4) — 



C Dennis (7) 

24 2833 HAZEL BANK PMonteWt M3 

D Natan 

25 003 JUWEUJMAMtasZGreemi-fl Jayne Thompson (7) 

30 DOUBTLESS CJAmnderll-Onj. — 

32 - MARTIAN BABY SJ Leedbetter 11-0 CHwAsns 

on MUSICAL WHlTFMrtHirat 113 
8 QUEENS MAN J Parteas 113- 

G Marat p) 

SEAH9J0S LAD M T Rsddan 113 
11-4 Reconi Hareett. 3-1 banThaMHar, 93 Owen herttert. 6-1 
Hazel Bank. 8-1 La Rat cf Or. 12-1 Jay Be Thaw. 14-1 Carol's Music, 

II 0000 GAUMLLE LAD R RoUnm 103. 

14 2030 THE ODER AND BUN W Storey 103 


tfi F38 0HPWQR Grey 103 PA _ .. 

17 2P0P OUALTTAtn PRM»S WW K Stone 103™ D Dutton 

18 a m SLAVE KM8 (D) J 8 VMson 100 SCharton 

19 300 MAYHBR J Dow 103 Susan Kersey (?) 

20 0004 NR CHRSIB1MH Easterby 103 JJOlteil 

21 8202 JACKOFOjUBSB McLean 103 REarchaw 

22 330 WALDRON WLL AG Knowles 103 ASmngar 

7-2 Cmtah Cundn.4-1 MrCMa, S-1 Lucytet 6-1 CWpchase. 0-1 

TT» Ctder^O Bun. 10-1 Vkrioflc. 1M othere. 


Ookw good is Bn#, chase coorea; gpod, InkSm 

41) (13 runners) 

7 013 OWLANTAIIOIJCHDCJ inter 113 D Browne 

10 2(10 MBSNEROfC-nCF Jackson 113 J Bryan 

11 P AUFWIOetESEHEH PET PDovte 11-2 P MchoUs 

14 WGH GL3I Mrs M Dtckawon 11-2 J D Dames (7) 

4 JO MARCH NOVICE CHASE (Diw 2: £1 ,344:3m If) 


9 34F0 JATMAWqjWDJ male 11-4 

12 0H0 MmHIAS B Preece 11-4 

13 PP MUXLQWKT Ivory 11-4 

. A Carrol 
R Strongs 

18 3PP 5CALDARAM Scudamore 1V4 

20 0000 THE MIGHTY BOOT PWHtatt 11-4 


24 IMF WEAVERS WAY B CtenbUga 11-4 — 

26 POPP CUUR SOLEa. Mra J Croft 10-13 

27 0 COOME VALLEY S Christian 10-13. 

C Menu 




81 ALL FAKKESS Mrs M DteMnson 1 13 Mr P DanOS M) 

0 POLLEN BEEO Sherwood 113 CGoxffl 

F4 TARCOHEY P D CundsL 11-2 PScudamore 

29 8120 IteffiBITOOLMra WO SyfeW 10-13 P Warner 


10-7 W Humphreys (7) 
H Davies. 

_ EWaha 

4-7 Mahras, 93 Jaymano, 10-1 Weaver* Way, 12-1 Coomtoe 
Valey, 16-1 omers. 

K Bute (40 

10-7 J While 

— G Landau 

3-1 Vbgfn^ Pageant, 02 Orfantam, 6-1 

35 3024 LE SOM RB Francis 107. . 

37 QUMCY MARKET A Purvis 10-7. 

48 482 V WGWI A PAGEANTpn N 
42 03 INIREPIDAS Manor T02 

53 Rolen _ 

Mdamda. 8-1 Timber Tool 10-1 Mtee Nero, 12-1 In Al Femes. 

3.0 MARCH NOVICE CHASE (Div 1: £1,353; 3m 

1 2F3P PRBKE BAIJFR1 R Champion 11-10 H Davies 

2 PPOO BROWNTHOnMBDT 8 Bs%n 11-4 — 

4 pen PELL CLIMB P Q BaiMy 11-4 K Mooney 

5 10TO FIFTY BUCKS Mrs MfaMl 11-4 GUcCourt 

62PP0 FRBCHLieiTENANTNStoiim113 R Crank 

8 -048 JON HFER BC Morgan 11-4 GVWams 

10 PK4 LANACRE BMME PJ Hobbs 11-4 PeterHoobs 

IS P3f 

Wolverhampton selections 

By Mandarin 

230 Pollen Bee. 3.0 Fifty Bucks. 3.30 Premier 
Charlie. 4.0 Rattiiu Jack. 4.30 Mithras. 5.0 
Mitilini. 5.30 Shady Legacy. 

By Michael Sedy 
5.30 Rapid Gunner 


PANDA MAH R S Sow 11-4- 



1 030 GRUNDY GLOW ICHD) Mre J fanan 11-10 — , 
B 001- OEVft. TO PLAY J PSirttn 11-5 

21 -OOF TKALL BOY W Clay 1V4. 

04 Fifty Buds, 11-4 prince BN, 6-1 Jon Piper. 8-1 tanacre 
Bridge, 1(M Ftf Qknb, 12-1 Breetohom, 2D-1 othersL 

330 DUDLEY HANDICAP CHASE (£2.390: 2m 4f) 
{15 runners) 

1. 2320 STATE CASE PG Brim 12-7 J Duggan 

2 0021 OYSTHIP0ND(CKD)M McCoot 

11-13 ffiesjGMcCoua 

4 41F3 PREmn CHARLE fD) M UnchHte 11-6 HDav« 

6 1423 LAIONG BOARD (D) P W Harris 11-2- NON-RUNNER 

11 1303 C00EDIAM IQD McholBon H)-7 PScudamore 

13P38B LODGFSFOBTWE(DJttsSDavermon 103 A Sharpe 

14 0081 SW KBflMNIOD)RCAnmrage10-5 MtasGArnytagg 

15 440 GLBtoOVERffllATiimellM — Steve Knkjit 

17 1-23 BROTHER IBSOFFREYC Thornton 1 (Ml — DIMBbisot 

19 2U20 Rrid WARMORfDIJ MBradey 104) _ R Byrne (7) 

20 -4F0 MEGABIT WGTumerllM) BdeHasi 

21 0-20 RBSTAR (DNBnS Christian 104) — RBeggan 

22 404) STORMY SPwNSN PSWimi 10-0 JSuthern 

23 40-P OTADB. ROCfR J M Bracnr 104) G Dawes 

25 0O4F PAI«ACa(faB Piosea 1M PMBar(7) 

94 Brother Geoffrey, 3-1 Oyster Pond, 9* State Case, 6-1 
Comedtan. 61 SlrKenwin, 12-1 ^Sen Rover 20-1 ofhtee. 


J Bryan 

8 F4-0 THE WELDBICF Jackson 11-0 
10 004) CATHY'S PAL J Cton 10-12.-. 


13 124) RUSSIAN SALAD (D) F JpttWl 16-10 


15 000 MSTEfl BOOT 
17 04P0 MmJMfC49 


20 toOl DERWENT KING (Q. Mre JCroltlM W Humphreys (7) 

22 0330 BATTLEFIELD BAND J W BbndeJ 10-5 — 

24 3-0P BRANDO D J VUntle 10-4 A Carrol 

26 014) GLEN MAYER B Francs HW_ 

, C Smith 
- R Hyen 
DRGandoHolO-B PScudamore 
OaNMIHM ..... JSuthern 

10-7 R Strange 

.. 10-7 — 

J S Ring 10-7. 

_ WWaBngsm 
— I Jormeon (7) 


(amateurs £687 :3m if) (IS) 

2 P4P- CAPTAIN KHJ.Y W M Bate 12-0_ 

3 Q/4- CUCKOO ULREWMams 124) — 

4 P GAER E FtoydS 12-0 

7 F03/ KILTRA BOT Mrs JBamMdga 12-0. 

8 MQSHE8H Mrs M Shayler 1. 
g 3407 PRUlCE PffPM C MemMt 124). 

10 RATTUN'JACXJWNunson 124) 


12 P T)«AIIHJNMANJEB»n124). 

13 PFP- WOODLANDS GENSETP A PrfichBTd 124) JPriBhatd (7) 

14 OfS- ACCtfITKB WhtBll-9. 

_ _. MS3S Aston 

29 one SaBORNERBCORD Mre GJorw 1045 — 

30 712U SMALL HONEY Mrs W Sykes 1M -■ PWsrrar 

32 MOO BROCK HILL K4J)CF Jackson 10-1 — Mr M Low (4) 

33 0000 LflBfBPW Harris 10-1 DSkyrrw 

34 004) WOOmfAYDJWWtelO-l ACanol 

4-1 Gten Mm, 9-2 Brando. 5-1 Derwent King. 11-2 Lord 

Laurence, 6-i Woodway, 7-1 Devil To fay. 8-1 Smse Money. lO-i 
Sweat Sotator. Chefa, 12-1 fa tflttdar. Gnndy Gkw. 20-1 oflwre. 

(£944*11) (17) 

4 130 SDAB(raJCotetonll-7 — 

5 10P ANDREA DAWN ra A Tumel 11-6 StWfKrtglt 

10 IM1 SHADY LEGACY |W B Moms 10-13 CCOKp) 

11 -MP BUCKFASTASeYPW Harris 10-13 R Strange 


14 0081 MOODY CM, RHotoahead 10-12 (10 md PScudamore 







P7 AUGMmirDRThclurll-0 . 
m EVENTHE Mrs 80111-9- 

0/3- HOT- JAPDE W Butaartang 11-8 . 

PEnKTTB) E J>tey 11-9 

STBUFY Mrs U m 11-3 


7-4 CuctoO MSI. S-2 Ratffln "Jack, BotJacWa, 4-1 Captain Kaly. 


17 3010 GERE »PJBevan 108 


10-2 Mr J 

23 4000 PHAROWTS TREASURE M McCourt 102— G 

24 0140 GnSNACRES OWL (Of B A McMahon 10*1 TW8 

25 0040 CRUDEN HAY PSPeigaia 10-1 S Mated 

27 340- CANAfiMEVWteetar 10-1 — 

30 04» RAPID GUMBtra (USA) J A Edwards 104) — 

31 0000 MDUMB) J Awwr 10-0 DMcKwwn(7) 

32 0400 COHRBEAGJ Webber 104) G Mention 

33 000- NEW SONG M CMvar 104) JDDoytt 

1 M BuddajtABtev. 7-2 Shedy Legacy; M6«* Arnffea 

Dawn, s-i Gere, i8-i Moody Gid, Tsreegara Bkb, 12-f Private Lanai, 

20-1 others. 


Polly Toodle Toodle 
signs off with a win 

By Brian Beel 

Polly Toodle Toodle. aged 14 
and the mother of two foals, 
beat the well fancied Dawn 
Street, on merit in the fastest 
time of the day at tbe New 
Forest meeting on Saturday. 
Admirably ridden by Jane 
Southcombe, her chance 
seemed to have evaporated 
when she hit the last open ditch 
and let Alison Dare gain a length 
or two advantage on the 
favourite. Tbe game mare, run- 
ning her last race before return- 
ing to stud, bad other ideas, 
fought back to lead at the last 
ana held on to win by a neck. 

Eddie Whettam suffered the 
misfortune of losing his useful 
ex-handicapper, Herr Capitan. 
who broke a fetlock just before 
the line at the same meeting in 
the open race won by Seamus 
Mullins on Foot Slick. Mullins 
rode winners in Ireland for 

and owned by his brother, 
followed last year. 

Tbe Audi qualifier heir went, 
as expected, to Tawny Myth, 
who will now face City Boy. the 
MM Surrey Fanners winner in 
the Sandown final Tim Thom- 
son Jones did not have things 
entirely his own way as City Boy 
was hard pressed to two fences 
out by Like a Lord. This one 
looks sure to win good races in 
the coming weeks. 

Charles Crosxbwaite made no 
mistakes on Never Deemed, the 
winner of tbe equivalent race at 
the Bolventor and Able Sailor, 
with Simon Andrews aboard, 
won bis race at the Cottesmore 
unextended. The form horses. 
White Paper and Naughty 

BOLVENTOR: Hont Irish WStams. AriJ: 
Never Deemed. Ladtes; Baranton. Open: 
Havenwood. Bast: Seal Marine Mdn; 

Smoker Open: General Rule. Ladtes: 
Swami. Rest Broughton Bishop Man b 
Sharagatn. Mdn 8: Annaway. 

COTTESMORE: Hunt: Ballyquick. 
AripAbte Safer Mrab Manna Bridge. 
LadteK Sweet Dnna. Open: Gertie 
Approach. Rest Cawkwel Duke. Mdn: 

DART VALE: Hunt FMng Camel. Open; 
Harvest HA. Adt Vatarton. Leritee: Little 
Rest fatfeg Song, muh Akce 

Niece, won the two divisions at 
the Oxford University, Luke 
Harvey deputising for Peter 
G nee nail on Naughty Niece, 
while Greenall went to the 
Golden Valley to be beaten a 
neck on Robson, but to win on 
his five-year-old. Sandidiffe 
Boy, in the third of four maiden 

There appears to be no solu- 
tion to the problem of prostrate 
horses and bodies on the landing 
side of a fence on the second 
circuit. No one has the authority 
to wave the horses round and 
any horse missing the fence is 
automatically disqualified. 

In another division of the 
maiden race this perennial prob- 
lem occured again when there 
was dearly no room with two 
riders lying seriously injured. 

With her win on Swarm, in 
the ladies race at the Cambridge 
Harriers. Josie Sheppard 
brought her total to 170, only 
one behind Pat TolHt's record. 
Not to be outdone, her brother, 
David Turner, increased his 
number of winners to 322 when 
he look the first division of the 
maiden on Sharagain. 

There was another brother 
and sister success at the 
Tivyside. David Stephens scor- 
ing a double with Rock Candy 
and Premons Last and Jo- 
sephine Williams winning the 
. ladies on Ashburton. 

There was probably a good 
reason why Lucy Crow pulled 
up Smile HilL the odds-on 
favourite, when in third place in 
a division of the adjacanl race at 
Sir W W Wynn’s but the 
stewards appeared to be dis- 
interested. She went on to 
record her second winner 

EM Of Fare. Mdn 8. OU Applejack. 

MID SURREY: Hunt: Kerry Street 
PPQA; Tricky Business. Adt City Boy. 
Ladles: El Padre. Open: Appkao. Mdn ft 
Tappers Knapp. Mdn [ft Wood By Wood, 

Straits. Open t Sotafty. Ladies; Random 
Leg. Adi ft wttee Paper Open tL Rayligm. 
And: Naughty Niece. W: Pardalesa. 

QUANTOCK Hunt Sanber. Ladies: 
Thomascout Open: Culm VaJtey. Adt 
Sunbgm Sutton. PPQA: Love Girt. Mdn I: 
Hmter Cay. Mdn ILPetr HO. 

SR W W WYNN'S: Hute: Catherine 
Tudor Adj k Peican Fans. Adjj ft Keep 

GOLDEN VALLEY: Hunt Rough Es- 
. - 1 Bteze. Open l See 

Bxmy faL Open ft 

. B: Brown PerilHIS: 

Dainty Dotty. Mdn LI: Magical Day. Mcki 
L2: Ret) Ffemorsa Mdn &.1: Sandfcttfe 
Boy. Mdn HJft Country Kay. 

HAYDON: Adt Orasgia Way. mdn 1 
Melrose, mdn II Mysec Music, ladles 
Fooieh H wa open Brfley Bry. rest l 
Bantei Bowman, rest ft-i Swaflnem. rest 
11-2 water Crescent hurt Anri Lad, 
HOUJERNESS: Hunt KBcori. Mt Fred- 
die TeaL Open: FaKhcel Wlnp. Ladtee: 
Rosa TrouL Rest Lombardy Star. Mdn ft 

Watch. Open: Camtooume 
DenFolower Rest hfetiwayada. Mdn ft 
Chanelle. Mdn IftGalgar 
Rock Candy. Ladies: 

Final Presence. Adt Premons Last Mdn ft 

; Knock On The Head. 
CLUB: Mamtr Roaring 
Around. Ladles: Red Shah. C3tr Desert 
Fox. Open: Hottxjni Heed. MteK Tragoed. 
Rest: Pnde Ot Down. 

NEW FOREST. 1 PAP: Young Pretend*- 
Mtfec Kiton Jan. Ladtee: faBy Toodle 
Toodte. Open I: Tougn And Rugged. 
Open II: Foot Sick. Mj; Tawny HyOi. 
Reel L- HBoftjarra. Rest ft Romuiax. Hunt 
Fire Pori (waited ovarj. 

Saturday’s results 


12.40 1.SrticpS Yamfl 1- 
116-1); 3, Sutton Prince ($-1). 

Downe (3-1 tav) 12 ran. 

110 f Maori Venture (B-4 favt 2. Port 
Askaig (3-1): 3, Sounders (25-1). 6 ran. nr 
Arabian Music. 

140 1, Inlander p-2 tav); 2, Moon 
Manner (5-1); 3, Opening Bars p “ 
Locftbosdaie t25-if « ran. ik 

2.10 1, FfwchmWs Fancy (6 
Pred o mi na ta (11-8 (&v); 3, 1 
(11-1). 13 ran. 

240 r, Rmmctetentw (20-ij; 2, 
Sassanoco (33-1 1 3. HigWand Clipper (7- 
21 Hu & Swngmg Moon (3-1 Jt-teveL 13 

3.10 i. Ufoeee ^4 taft 2, Yeoman 
Broker (7-1 s 3. Chartfiald (M-1). 15 ran. 
nr New Romney- 

3.40 1. juwfl Urttt (6-6 tev): Z. Deep 
ArdEwen no-itl Swe&Mricifl (bo-ii. 14 
ran. nr MRHralJronasa, Namoos. 


28 1, Withy Bank (11*8 tavjt 2 U 
Castagno (fei), 3, wanvick Suae (i2-i). 
12 ran. nr SarpaL 

2J30 i. Joe's Fmcy *i5-2 favft 2 
Mainafortti Queen (20-1): 3. Bannow Bum 
(8-1). 13 ran. 

3J) 1. Kunsfat (7-2); 2 Caro'S Gift fll-4 
1:3. Beaker (10-1). 15 ran. 

" Sandy (5-2 fav); 2 Kudos 
Lad (7-2). ii ran. 

r .t Down (14-1); 2. Mountain 

faTS (7-1): 3. TTw dmder (9-4). 
VafoMownfiM tov).firan. 

. AM 1. Romm Dusk (16*1); 2 PrioeriJt 
GtAi (7-1); 2 Thomtau Arch 15-1). Half 
Asleep (3-1 M- 13 ran. 


2J1 1, Sheer Steel t 
Clown (11-2); 2 Cette i 
Deatef (fr4 lav). 20 ran. 

2J01. Bon Rouge (2-1 
(B-4 favL 2 Pharat 
Fitztiertiefl (10-11. 16 ran. 

20 1. Record Wing (ID-1); Red Rocky 
(7-1 L 2 Tight 1)110 (; a. sac Sriot (i3- 
1) Wild Com (n-a. 22 ran. 

230 1, Last Suspect (128 lav]- ? 
OartHera (2-1): 2 Broadtieaai (B-4). 5 
4J i, fOngJa (S-^; 2, Tom Caxton 
1)l2 SqureTrwrtawny (20-1). Akram (6-4 
fav). 3 ran. nr Uacca Padcfy. 

4381. Cette fleet (70-11 rav):2LJner 
{9-2L 3. H And K Hamek S0-1» 19 ran. nr 
Laughter Lines. 


215 1. I Wonder When (S-lt; 2 Log 
Gaorn (5-1). 3. Bren Gunner (i2-ij. 

Coupon Cupper ((tSl favft 

248 1. Boston Lad J33-1 ft 2. Cheeky 
Ripen (21 toys 3. Hy TaS (14- TV 10 ran. 

1); 2 Cawtes 
a (33-1). I'm A 


(14-1); A. 

» ran. 

218 1. Writer Cannon (6-1): 2. 
Inaametouy (4-1 tav): 3. Orchid Bey (B-ift 
4, Gracdul Kicker (fi-ift 18 ran. 

245 1, Lochrun (8-1); 2 Kamir (8-lft 3. 
Dennis Artnm (6-1). hagonat»aingtKil i- 
8 lav). 11 ran. 

4.15 1, Covert Carden (9-lft 2 Star 
GaseHe J14-1); 3. King Ba Ba (Hft 
Weftare (3-1 taw). 15 ran. 

4Jts t, Woodtend Generator (8-lft 2 
Rockman (10-1); 2 HMewood Vmtner (13- 
8 tav) 8 ran. 

5-15 1. Royal Blaize no-1): 2 Bluff Cove 
(l4>1ft 3. Sant Acton (i-4 lav): 4. Bwinhoe 
Croh(5-1). 16 ran. 




i a 









































i - 




Rugby Union: French round off international season with dazzling sleight of hand 

English fight no match for flair “f , 

From David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 




Scotland and France, the 
old alliance, share this 
season's Five Nations cham- 
pionship. They deserve it, 
though France are the more 
complete team. How they 
must be kicking themselves 
for conceding six penalties to 
Gavin Hastings at 
-Murrayfield in their opening 
match, and how worthy is 
Scotland's success in that they 
have met the challenge of 
rugby as it is played today with 
such limited resources. 

On Saturday,England had a 
presentiment of their fate at 
the Parc des Princes as early as 
the first scrum, when the 
forwards on whom so much 
hope was pinned, were pushed 
off their own scrummage ball. 
Thereafter, their challenge for 

Final table 




4 3 1 98 52 

4 3 1 76 54 

4 2 2 62 100 

4 2 2 74 71 

4 0 4 50 83 

; -a share in this season's hon- 
ours could be seen as an 
illusion, as hazy as the Paris 
dawn they left behind yester- 
day. as the competitive future 
of the game in England and 
the individual career of Mel- 
ville. their captain. 

Melville was not the side's 
only casually in a match 
played at a furious pace. 
Davies, trying with desperate 
bravery to deny Laporte a try, 
fell on the point of the same 
shoulder which was damaged 
'against Scotland, and was 
replaced by Barnes before the 
rinterval. But not even the 
-.‘most ardent Anglophile would 
'"suggest that either injury 
fjShould detract from France's 
•win by two goals, two tries, 
i.and three penalty goals to a try 
’ and two penalties. 

•;I The French approach was 

ease with which England had 
been tossed aside. 

With two. long cut-out 
passes, France freed Bonneval 
on his own 22; Charvet, his . 
Toulouse colleague, supported “ 
him, and as Barnes and Un- 'f 
derwood homed in on him on 
England's 22, Charvet slowed 
and tossed an inside pass to 
Sella. It might have been one 
of two other Frenchmen, but it 
was so appropriate that Sella 
should round off a season 
which has surely shown that 
he is the most complete centre 
in Europe, and possibly be- 
yond, though the menace of 
Gerber, the Springbok centre, 
should not be forgotten. Fast, 
strong, intelligent, abrasive, 
Sella has it all. 

This is one of the best 
scrummaging packs France 
has produced. They were 
aware of the importance En- 
gland attached to their scrum, 
and set out systematically to 
destroy it. The front row is not 
only strong, it is technically 
well-equipped, and so confi- 
dent that they went for a 
pushover try (against the side 
that scored two pushovers 
against Ireland) in the second 
half, and would have inflicted 
that indignity but for Rich- 
ards. who plunged in offside as 
France wheeled slightly only * 
to see Berbizier pop the ball 
out to Blanco, and save the 
award of a penalty try. 

Derek Bevan. who did well 
amid the hooters, jeers, and 
fire-crackers, did award a 
penally try against England, 
somewhat to the distress of 
Barnes. A swift kick-off away 
from the England forwards 
enabled Lafond to put Sella sa 
away, and all Barnes could do. hi 
10 metres from his own line, ef 
was spread himself to try and o> 
stop both Sella and the inev- M 
liable inside pass to Charvet 
He did so. knocking the ball to 
up and catching it on the W 
touchline, but Mr Bevan ruled Cl 
a deliberate knock into touch. Ft 
and awarded the penalty try all 
without hesitation. W 

One might argue the award, 
it not with reference to the 

- geared entirely to winning the 
game: it was the day of the 

game: it was the day of the 
-I piano pushers, not the piano 
; players, and it is a reflection 
-I.on the efforts of the English 
.-back row and lineout that 
{Their hosts never seemed to 
-feel sufficiently at ease to play 
{with complete freedom. Not, 
4hai is, until the final minute, 
{when Sella's try, his fourth in 
four successive championship 
'matches, encapsulated the 

but not with reference to the 
eventual outcome. French 
speed and strength laid bare 
the poverty of England's ap- 
proach behind the scrum 
where so little has worked this 
season. The midfield was 
made to look inept, the kick- 
ing from stand-off half was 

same opportunity been given 
him earlier from the heroic 
efforts of Colclough, who took 
over the captaincy after 
Melville's departure. 

Bui England's back row had 
too many tackles to make. 
Where England wanted to use 
Cough's strength to tie up the 
French back row, France left it 
all to their forwards. Rees and 
Winterbottom were pulled 
into the mauls, and Berbizier, 
in his armchair, completed his 
best championship season. He 
was somewhat disconcerted 
when Hill came on and 
promptly made his presence 

enough; and, finally, England 
lost the ball in midfield. 

lost the ball in midfield, 
French dexterity giving La- 
porte the chance to stretch his 
33-year-old legs in a 50-metre 
sprint down the touchline. It 
was immediately after 
Lapon's second penalty that 
Melville went off injured 
when chasing bis own kick- 
ahead and trying to tackle 

The solitary satisfaction En- 
gland had was to score the first 
try France have conceded in 
the championship for two 
years. Andrew spiralled a long 

fell; Berbizier’s retaliation was ball into the corner, and. 
seen and a penalty curiously, France called a two- 

awardeffone of four that An- man lineout where Dooley fell 

drew missed in the first half! on the loose ball for the score 

Only in the final quarter 
was Underwood given some 
freedom, and he promptly ran 
round Lafond before being 

England's failure to kick which brought England to 23- 
Iheir goals was compounded 7. 

by their contribution to the 10 
points by which France led at 
the interval. England failed to 
control a lineout, and their 

hauled down. It would have backs fell offside; Gough ob- 
raised English morale had the structed Blanco, notbadly, but 

With Barnes chipping in 
another penalty, there may 
have been some French mut- 
te rings which were drowned in 
the flood of applause for 

SCORERS: Fiance: Tries: Laporte, 
Blanco, Selia. Penalty try. Conver- 
sions: Laporte(2). ranatbes: La- 
porta(3). England: Tiy. Dooley. 
Penalties: Bames(2). 

FRANCE: S Bianco (Biarritz); J-B 
Lafond (Racing Club), P SeUa 
(Agen), D Charvet (Toulouse), E 
Bonneval (Toulouse); G Laporte 
(Graulhet), P Berbizier (Agen); P 
Morocco (Mortferrand), D Dubroca 
(Agen, captain). J-P Garnet 
(Lourdes), E Champ (Teuton); F 
Haget (Biarritz), J Condom (Le 
Boucau), D Erbani (Agen), J-L 
Joinel (Brive). 

ENGLAND: G H Davies (Wasps) 
[rep: S Bames (Bath)]; M E Harrac 
(WakefteWl K G Simms (Uvorpoc* 
F J Clough (OrreU), R Underwood 
(Leicester). C R Andrew (Notting- 
ham). N D MohriBe (Wasps.captain) 
[rep: R J Ml (Bath)); G J 
Ctwcott(8ath), S E Brain (Coventry), 
G S Pearce (Northampton), P J 
Wi nte rbottom (Headbdey), W A 
Dooley (Preston Grassh o ppers). M 
J Cbfdougti (Swansea), G W 
Reea( Nottingham), D Richards 

D Bevan (Wales). 

Like the wild beauty of a Camargue stallion 

By David Miller 

Poor Rob Andrew. If the fates 
take any notice of ragbythey 

certainly frowned on England's 
stand-off half. After missing a 
penalty in the first minute. 
Andrew saw another three at- 
tempts go adrift before half time, 
-none from too difficult positions 
and the last from straight in 
'front If all had gone over rather 
than wide England could have 
let 12-10 at hare-time. 

While wishing no ill-will to- 
wards Andrew, everybody must 
be glad he missed. Any other 
result would have been unthink- 
able any plan for an England 
victory could only be designed 
around some system which 

would allow a no more than 
average team to put it across a 
genuinely exciting and imagi- 
native XV, which is never good 
for any sport France are now as 
exciting a prospect for the 
World Cnp as their football 
cousins were in the European 

maybe. ^ 

There are times, irritable 
though arbitrarily judged sports 
can often be. when you wish that 
rngbyjbotball and cricket were 
awarded points for style, and 
were deducted points for being 
negative and expedient in the 
common fashion. 

You would gladly spend half a 
day travelling to see Sella. 
Blanco, Berbizier and die rest 
but England's pack are enough 
to make you stay in the pub. It is 
astonishing that in the 1980s 
anybody, even in rugby, can 
suppose that someone die shape 
of ChOcott can usefully perform 
at the highest level of any 
athletic, mobile sport. Darts, 

National anthems should be 
played before sporting events, as 
a form of exaltation, but never 
afterwards, encouraging as they 
do a maudlin, false patriotism. 
The problem is that anthems 
tend all too accurately to reflect 
the national character. 
England's is so much more 
Beaumont than Duckham. The 
two most exciting anthems for 

sport are undoubtedly those of 
Brazil and France. 

Brazil's did not do much for 
them in the mid-week football 
friendly against West Germany. 
Yet with the sun shming and 
Paris encfaantingly stepping into 
springtime, there was a tingle 
down the spine as the band at 
the Parc des Princes, in their 
toffee-tin hats, struck np their 
tune of national expectations. 
Would the biggest favourites in 
memory fulfil themselves? 

■ Ultimately, they did, but the 
pity about France's runaway and 
eventually stylish win was that 
they didn't have either the 
inclination or the confidence to 
open out until leading by 14 
points, at 17-3, a quarter of an 

hour into- the second half. Jac- 
qoes Fouroux, their coach, had 
dealy been too womednboot the 
old French faflmgs of ca sexiness 
and now. against an inept En- 
gland side, it seemed they took 
the opposition and the occasion 
a shade too seriously for too 

The action only really started 
as Sella ripped through on the 
right flank, and Barnes conceded 
the penalty try. Now, suddenly, 
Blanco, in immediate' response 
to a missed penalty by Barries, 
threw off afl reins. Rugby is 
about nothing If K is not first 
about running, and Blanco is full 
cry has the wOd beauty of an 
untamed Camargue stallion. 



Bracewell has 
under his spell 

Auckland (Reuter) — New 
Zealand are poised to win their 
second Test series against 
Australia this season, needing 
only 75 runs with a full day left 
to play in the final encounter. 
The off-spinner, John 
BracewelL achieved the best 
figures of his Test career to have 
Australia reeling in the third and 
deciding Test of the series 

New Zealand began their 

Miandad in 
with spectators 

Mueller’s fall denies 
him share of title 


Widow 10. Lawn 10; HJ K R 23. Lag* 1ft 
Wtaui 2. Caswtord 10 
SECOND DOftSKJH: BaBoy 19. Brantoy ft 
RoetxJaw 3?, E WakefeW 4; B wiw 34, 
WMefMMfi 7. Carlisle 45, MaretfMd M 13. 

-second innings chasing 160 and 
‘ ■ were 85 for one at the close, with 

‘■were 85 for one at the close, with 
'the left-handed opener. John 
•Wright unbeaten on 46 and 
-K.en Rutherford on 22. 
Bracewell earlier took six for 32 
as the visitors were dismissed 
for 103 

"NEW ZEALAND: First swings 258 (J V 
Coney S3. J G Wngnt 56) 

Second Innings 

. J G Wrtght not out 48 

B A Eoqar b Rest 1 

K E Rumen art not CM 22 

Extras (D9, 04, nb3) -_16 

■ Total (1 win) 65 

• Total (1 «W) 85 


BOWLING- McDermott 7-i-id-O; Reid. 9- 
-2-19-1; Mannews. iB-10-20-0; Waugn. 4- 

Colombo (Reuter) — Sri 
Lanka are on the brink of only 
their second Test victory after a 
dramatic day soured by an 
incident involving die former 
Pakistan captain. Javed 

Miandad's reaction when he 
was given out leg-before upset 
spectators and a stone was 
thrown at him as he walked back 
to the pavilion. Miandad picked 
it up and raced towards the 
spectators with his bat raised. 
PAKISTAN: First Innings 132 (K 
Kur u pp uar a ct i c t u 5 tor 44) 

Second Irmgs 
Mudassar Nazar few 

b KmupUMClNN 1 

Uohsfci Kiwi cDeAlwtsbDe Mel 2 

Qasxn Omar c De Alms b Ratnoyake 52 
Rameez Rap c Da AKws b Rsnvysfce 21 

Javed Miandad few b Retnsyake 38 

Saton Makk c WeBmiuny b RamayaVs 30 
Imran Khan cArannda Desilve b Oe Mel 0 
Waslm Akram c Ranatunga b Oe Mel .. 0 

Tauseet Ahmed Ibw b Ratnayake 1 

Zutaamain not out 0 

Mohsm Kama! not out 0 

Extras (lb-6 0-1 nfr-4) 11 

Total 154 

Whistler Mountain, British 
Columbia (Reuter) - Anton 
Steiner, of Austria, mastered a 
treacherous course on Saturday 
to win the final World Cup 
men's downhill of the season. 
But while it was a glorious day 
for the 27-year-old veteran, who 
flashed down the challenging 
course in 2min 9.78sec. it was a 
heart-breaking morning for Pe- 
ter Mueller, of Switzerland. 

Mueller, who. with a victory, 
could have tied with Peter 
Wimsberger. of Austria, for the 
season-long downhill title had a 
brilliant run going but fell when 
he lost his balance flying off a 
jump only 200 metres from the 

Mahrer. 42; 14. M Wasraor (WG). 41; 15, 
.D Lawn (MS), 40. 


WORLD CUP: 1. QrarteR. 294pfcj; 2. 
Zurtxtggen. 2S6: 3. Mueser. 204: «. 
Wasmeter. 197; 5. Stock. 17ft 6. I 
Stomark (Swa), 167; 7. R Petrov* (Yixrt. 
165: a. Wtrnshemer. 14ft 9. H Strotz 
(Austria). 142; 10. Mar. 129: tt. Hwnzer. 
124: 12. G Matter (Austria). 123: 13. 
Alegar. 110; 14. Staner. 109; 15. A 
Wenzel (beeti). 108. 


England 10. Ireland 0. Scotland 10. 

MT9MAT1QNAL: Wales 25, Italy 1ft 

30. London Scomsn a 

Pam 9, London wash 29; snem 24. 
BwffortfO. • 

CLUB MATCHES: Aberrterv 9. S W Peace 23: 
arrrwigham 19. Preston G ft Bndgend 7. 
Liana* 18: Brutham 22. Launcaston ft 
CamOome T7. Exeter ft Covemy ft Uart e 
owns 17: Cross Keys 9, Neath 2*; Durham 20, 
vaie o) Lime 10: hew Vale 19. Cfcrsrt ift 
HaMc* 23 Soft** ft Liverpool 7, Hwdn^ey 
3. Mxkfestxouon 27. Otter 1ft Modsy 32 

• VAIL: Para Ann Fletcher, 
of the United States, was the 
unexpected winner of the final 
women’s downhill of the season 
on Saturday.paviiK the way for 
Maria Walliser, of Switzerland, 
to win the overall women’s 
World Cup downhill title 

VTidome 17. Exeter ft Coverenr ft Uart e 
ana 17: Cross Keys 9, Neetn2<; Durham 2D, 
IW 01 Lime 10 : Bxm Vale 19. cwsift ift 
Mai 23 Seftrt ft Livarpool 7, Hudn^ey 
Mckfesbrouon 27. Oder 1ft Mode* 3Z 
BW Bngrnon 3 Nerort 7. Aberavon 7: 
rrMl 21. Gloucester ift penryn 21. Newton 

MEN’S DOWNHILL: 1. A Sterner (Aus- 
tral. 2mm 9.7fcec. 2. M Mair (fu. 23.89; 3. 
L Stock (Austral 210 14:4.P2urtngqer 
fSwtfzl, 2:10.82: 5. F Helnaer (Swfn). 
2:10.95; ft F Pons (ft). 2:11 09: 7. W 
Jonnson (US). 2:11.31: ft M GranJaK 

(LuxL 2:11.38; 9. F Piccard (FrL 2:1158: 
10. S Ntedvseer lAustnai. 2:11.60; ii. P 
(AustnaL 2:11.63: 12. D 

l-ML Bngm. 10-4-15-0. 
AUSTRALIA: first Inning 

AUSTRALIA: first Irvings 314 (G Marsh 
118. WPndkps62. G RitcMs 56) 

G R Mann few b Hadlee 0 

DC Boon not oul 58 

~W B PiMbus c Bracewell b CtaifieW .. 15 

T J Zoenrer Ibw bChatfwId 1 

"A R Border b Braoewe* 6 

GMRncfHebwDCnarMd.. i 

G R Mattnews vo Smnn b Braoewefl .. 4 

- SJ Waugh b Bracewell 0 

R J finght b Braoewefl 0 

C MeOermon b Bracewell 6 

.0 R*d c Hadlee b BraceweB 8 

Extras (ttnt) -^4 

‘ Total 103 

BOWLING «o da»7 De Mel. 13-0-73-3: 
KuruppuerecnctM. 9-1-39-1: Ratnayake, 
123*3-27-5. Anurasm, 24«4). 

For Walliser. the most im- 
portant aspect was the placing of 
Katrin Guiensohn, the Austrian 

who coukl have taken the 
overall downhill title by win- 
ning the race. Instead, she was a 
badly beaten seventh. 

Abbot ft Preston Lodge 32. AX04 ft Rtchmond 
17. Moseley 22: St Anew 3. Onderkxd 3ft S 
Oanxroan tnat 14, Gtamorgan W 4ft Wake- 
fiekJ fi. W Hsmipool 4; Torquay 1ft Swansea 
2ft Wm 12. 0 S Portsmouth 1ft Waterloo 
23 Gosaorti 15. 

BASS MSVT TABLE: Redruth 0. Taunton 34; 
Ss (ves 25. WestrwStgser-ManilS. 

DEVON tERTT TABLE-BldBterd 1ft Tfeenon 
22 : SMmouVr 21 . CrecSexi 0 . 


LANCASHIRE CUP: Q ui UW-B wxfc Orrel 1 ft 
Liverpool 0. Foorti raunft Reefttaie 7. 
Bmwhion Pedt ia 

Mionzscx CUR Semi Wnet Weeps <2. 

X 2:11.64; 1ft K Alplger 
11.81: 14, B Swixrte (Can). 
5 l IT Stevens (Can). 21223 

SRI LANKA: First inrangs 
SfeSitt Wetwnuny c Zuft^matn b 

Muoassar Nazar 37 

Roshan Mabanama run out 19 

Asarfca Gurusmgtw c Imran bAluam. 23 

ArawndadeSftracSubbKamai 38 

Arjuna Ramunga c Omar b Akram 77 

2:12.04; 15. O Stevens (Can). 21223 
British p ieci ng *: 48. N Smith, 21&26; M 
Bet (cad not finish). 

Wimsoerger. l20pts;2.RMuflHer{Switzj. 
115: 3. Mar. 92: 4. Grardeffi. 76. 5. 
Afceger. 75: 6. Stock, 74; 7. E Rasch 

WOMEN’S DOWNHILL: 1.P Fletcher (US). 
Imn 5428sec 2. L Graham (Can). 
1:54.60:3. MWaSserfSwitzL 1^5.08:4. L 
SavnennlCanL 1^5.65; 5, H Zeller (Svinz), 
1^.72: ft A Afender (US), 1:5ft80: 7. K 
Gurensoftn (Austria). I55.8fi: ft O 
Charvatova (Cz). 1:58.05; 9, R 


UNTTBD STATES: NetisnM Aeeoctetk m 
(NSAb Boston Cemcs 121. Atlanta Hawks 
114; trxfcna Pacos 114. MBw m fc e e Bum 
10a; maoelptea 76ers 109. Oevaland Ca*a- 

ters 100: Denver Nuogsn 101. WaNungmn 
BiNets 91: DaBas Mavoicks 129. Portend 
Trai Blazers 118. Detroit Patons lift New 
York KACks 89; Utan Juz 14ft Sen Antono 
Sows 121; Los Angete* capper* igft 
Sacrameno Kngs 10< 

(Austria). 72; 8. Sterner. 71 . 9. Heinzer. 68: 
10. G Oehrfi (Swnz). S7; 11. 2urtonggen, 
5& 12. H HoeHehner I Austral SIS 13. 

13. H LmhiUSl 1-58.47: 14. L 
(US). 1:5&53; 15. M Marwta (R| 

Warzota (Ift 1-57.05. 


□uieep Mendis c Monsm Khan b Imran 5 
Ravi Ramayeke e htaan b Akram 38 

Ravi Rairayake e liman b Akram 38 

Guy de Ahms e Miandad b Kamal 10 

A L F De Mel c Zuiqamain b hnran 1 1 

D Anurasei c Ra)a b Akram 4 

K Kumppuarachcin not out 0 

Exiras (b-7. fe-2. nb-7. w-4) 20 

Total - 273 


Canadians conquer 


Wigan’s dreams ended 

By Keith Macklin 

' Wigan's dreams of a third 
successive trip to Wembley were 
shattered by the unfancied and 
unpredictable Castle ford, who 
confounded ail predictions by 
winning 10-2 at Central Park 
“with tries by Joyner and 
Roocklcy and a goal from 
kcucridge. Lydon kicked a 
.penalty for Wigan. 

. A penalty goal in the closing 
^seconds by 1 Crcasscr saved 
Leeds from undeserved defeat 
-at Widnes. Leeds dominated the 

game and scored two tries 
through the 18->ear-old for- 
ward. Medley. Widnes went 
ahead with two goals from John 
Mylcr and a try from Darren 

By Joyce 

Canada, on their first visit to 
Wembley stadium, deserved 
their 5-1 win Over England in 
the women's international on 
Saturday and took home the 
Tipp-Ex trophy. 


Canada's captain. Shelley An- 
ews. was their driving force. 


Wright but Creasser saved the 
tic for Leeds and set up a replay 

drew, was their driving force. 
She initiated a move in the first 
minute which gave Jody 
Blaxland the opening to score 

of the match. 


.. 10 
f JM 


J i 


gTTTTTB f1P i :i.. |I I“J?S.'1'!l1 

’ l 2i-ii. (Rer 
T I Boqnor)21-) 

■ n ! .’i < : * ■ - ; t 

The Australian brothers 
Liddiard won the game for 
Oldham against Bradford 
Northern. The 1 6-year-old half- 
back. Glen, made a try for the 
full back. David, and Hobbs 
kicked the goal as Oldham won 

Sheila Forshaw had made it 2-0. 
and in the last minute, against 
the run of play. Laura 
Branchaud netted the third. 
England improved in the 

RUe, S Hobnft S VWTtams, K Bftwn, V 
Dr* on, G Brwn. K Parker. S Lew, J 
Bamstar. Substitutes: L Carr. J Attuns, 

second half but although their 
attacks were prolonged, they 
were disjointed. However, Caro- 

CANAOA: 5 Bayes: D County. L Lm. L 
Branchaud. S Andrews. L Bauer. L 
Czanczak, S Forsnaw. N Charlton. J 
Btaxtand. 5 Greatnan. 

Umpires: F Motaian-Wastabnng and R 
Tong-Trechsler (both Switzerland). 

Ireland — 




“The chap who gave out all the Scottish captain, admitted 
that good luck to us last season afterwards. All his team will sigh 

From Gerald Davies, Dnblin 

credentials who-have gone on to which caught the visitors offside 
win it in the past .. and led . to that finally missed 

What luck there was went the penalty. 

Scottish way, as Colin Deans, . 

the Scottish captain, admitted it was not un ®. , IT ? e th * I1 jS 

it was not until the fourth 
minute of injury time that the 
home side had had just rewards 
for afl their efforts. Kienwn bad 

II UMI H . ■ 

ventured to attack once more. 
MacNeiQ went on a dummy run 

and Mullin. all grace and timing. 

glided through the middle to 
give Ringland a try in the corner 
lor Kiernan to add the extra 

-when we won the championship with cheerful relief, as much as home side ^nMJi^rcwaras 
seems to have .gone on holiday all the Irish will lament, tire for afl 

this year," Mick Doyle, the Irish moment in the 39th minute oT already kicked a pcnahy wtoi 
coach noted for his unqiiench- the second half when Michael from a scrum ihctr uire^amiers 
able spirit and unflinching op - Kientan from the ^2-metre line ventured to attack once inote. 
Timiom qHd after sesns his and slightly to the left of the MacNetQ went on a dummy ran 
team lose to Scotland, who thus post, missed a penalty from 
gained a share of this season's what was a comfortable posthop : glided throifth the nucwieto 
Five Nations championship, compared to Bis earlier success- sve Ringiand a try m inecwnCT 
The Irish were defeated Iw a try fid conversion. ' Although live for Kiernan to add tne extra 
and two penalties to agoal and a more.minuteswcmld be played prams. ' _ . ■ 

penalty; against the general run in . injury time it was a match- After han-ume. Hastings 
of play atlansdowne Road. winning opportunity. kicked two ~ ^ e ,. 5CC ~ 

It was not entirety a touch of There had been Iffthrifling ond was from the hall-way line - 

' blarney friar-prompted Doyle to minutes when ti»' Irish had before Scotland tookthe lead 

addr “In all -my days I have-not thrown everything nao attack as ' with an exating try of their own. 
seen an Irish bade divirion they .had done in the first half Beattie picked up and Utdlaw 
move so consistently as 1 did when they had a strong breeze in slipped through to make the 
this afternoonl would eve up their favour, to pull the match crucial score. _ 

the Triple Crown for seeing out ofthefirk Kiernan, who had _ 

more of today's kind of perfbr- bis best match in an Irish jersey, Try . r jLaltflaw; 

mance. Perhaps we ought to be went tearing down the middle; nminiT a G ~ 

inspired to go for the wooden Mullin did the same. Crossan m&AWfcHP^-- . 

spoon more oftenr . ' hadagoontheleftascltd 

Just as they had done in the Morrow and Kingland on the a jpwm 

first half against Wales, the Irish righL It was Want who primed (GreysunasKacTBredw (CorkCoratni- 


After hatf^me. Hastings 
kicked two penalties - the sec- 

owl was from the half-way line - 

before Scotland tookthe lead 

■with an exciting try of theirown. 

spoon more oftenr .' had a go on 

Just as they had done in the Morrow and fl 
first half against Wales, the Irish righL It was W; 
team for tus match —sponsored and encouraged them.. Apart 
by Digital — had played with all . from the french. Derrick Grant. 

SCQREHSi ketmKk Tty T^M Wjttf wtfc 

TOLmS HPN^ SS (L ondon WltlfcT 
m MncKand (BaBvmanaL B J Mufla 

K ing l an d Otl the. JJpaojaan rmsonans). A J PWard 
ITanf who primed (GnysunasLMTBradhwiCortcCanMmH 

the blazing spirit we come to the Scottish coach, said, the 
expect from their team up front;. Irish threcquarters were tire best 

(St Maty's CdJege; capta mj. P C fitz- 
t ..a - - -- - d o Mo t row (Ban- 

k Constitution), bw 
(L ondon instil. N J Carr (Ards). W 

but behind they {Hayed even tbey had encountered. 

more more exhiiara 
ambitious purpose . 
tion. .-*•'• 

i _, with. Orr, who 'had to go off briefly 

invert- in the first minute with a cut eye 
after Jeacfing the team on in his 

- With this match and the one fiftieth international, had cer- 
against Wales - in' May, they taiply tightened the scrum. They 

deserve a good deal bettor than lost one against the head but 
to flag dteeiles^yal the bottom made up for ft when they forced 

of the table without a point to the Scottish scrum to reel bade 
their name. There have been in, the manner they themselves 

teams with for more dubious . had suffered at Twickenham, 

O I Johnston (watsoraans). S 
(wanonans). G fl T BsM: 
(kJSovTj Y R H ttarlarJ (SeBortt), R J 
Ltedtsw; (JeeWbrBsU. A K B mnm 


Mskrike FP), J R Beam* (Glasgow 

RafarMB F PNkaada (France). 

Sella's try, which'repeated an 
achievement registered throe 
limes before in the champion- 




Mark of happier 
times for Wales 

By Bryan Stiles and Michael Stevenson 

By David Hands 

: Even. though the five nations* ably, scoring three tries, a 
championship has been con- (hopped goal and two penalties 

doded. the return of Marie Ring to a try and a penalty. Jennion. 
io the game will have heartened Thomas and Gaffney scored 

Optimism remains that the 
organizers of- next year's world 
tournament wfl) invite-teams of 

many supporters. The Welsh Sale's tries; Egan dropped a goal 
centre showed he has lost little and Jennion contributed two 

of his penetrative skills during penalties. 

. . Jiwui wui uijjJt a trv iii th«r finer nn minutes 

international Board countries to. 
handle the games in Australia 
and. New Zealand; Clive 
Norling, the leading Welsh ref- 
eree, was so incensed at the 
proposal to limit each country 
to two officials that he was. 
seriously considering not going,- 
but he was encouraged on 
Saturday to find that France, 
too, will be pressing for three-' 
men teams. 

in the. first two minutes Having beaten Gloucester the 

playing for the Cardiff previous day, OrreU cruised 

reserve team on. Saturday. 

While Ring' was . reappearing. 
Nottingham’s Holdstocfc was 
disappearing from the British 

comfortably into the semi finale 
of the Lancashire Cup at Edge 
Hall Road yesterday, beating 
Liverpool 16-0. by a try and four 

scene. He departed for a new life penalties to niL Scrummaging 
in . Australia with a flourish, with cruel efficiency. OrreU 

scoring- three tries in his team's controlled the opening ex- 
30-8 L win over London Scottish, changes territorially. Langford 

His brother. David, also col- kicked them in front and added 
lected a tty and others were a second penalty shortly before 

The point the leading referees 
in the home countries and 
France are trying to make is that 
they and their touch judges 
handle games better as team*. 

. scored by Hartley and OttL The half-time, 
conversions 'were added by 
Hodgkins and Northard. Langfoi 

The victory confirmed the seem 
Nottingham’s second, place in involved 

Langford repeated the feat in 
the second half and he was 
involved in the only try of the 

To break up the understanding 
and confidence established 

and confidence established 
among • the various national 
panel referees wonld hardly be 
to the benefit of the toumament 
as a whole. 

the John Smith's Merit Table A. game when he beat several men 
In the only other national Merit in broken' play close to the 

encounter, London Welsh Liverpool line before giving the 
'travelled to friar capital neigh- scoring pass to FdL 

bonrSi Rosslyn Hark, in a B 
game and won 12-3; 
Harleqains" players made a 

It was noticeable once more in 
Saturday's game in' f^ris that 
the Welsh trio,' Derek- Bevan, 
Norling and 'Xen Rowlands, 
have worked out' the ‘best. po- 
sitions from which to waxch (flay 
from the touchlme so that the 
men on the line may contribute 
to the match referee's perfor- 

profitable jonmgy to rCovenliy 
for a . 1 7-6 victory. It could leave 

• It may not have brought 
England much joy. but at least 
London won the 41st encounter 

London won the 41st encounter 
with Paris in the Jean Bouiu 

- r . ■ M * - - vwBftXA 10119 IU LUC JCtiU DUVliU 

tbe Loodooers in good oeart for Siadium in Paris on Saturday 
the l r Jo ftn. gjp _^me (David Hands writes). A team 

against LetceiteronSatiirday. 

Waterloo maintained their 
100 per cent Northern Merit 

cont aining four . international 
backs outplayed Paris 43-6. 
scoring eight tries with a free- 

Table record with a victory over ' * he 

Gosforth on Saturday by a goaL 1 W ^ uW u havc 

Air Commodore Bob 
Weighifl, secretary, of the Rugby 
Football Union, was presented 
with die gold medal of the 
French Rugby. Federation at the 
banquet .'after Saturday’s inter- 
national to honour his contribu- 
tion to the game. He retires this 
summer after 13 years as RFU 

two tries and three penalties to a 
drop goalandfour penalties, all 
kicked by their stand-off John- 
sqn. -.: 

loved to emulate two hours 

Jt was a source of pleasure to 
there supporters that all three 
tries . were scored by the 
threequarters. Hesiop obtained 

Sale repelled Northampton's 
challenge reasonably comfort- 

London's tries came from 
Smith, the Wasps' wing dropped 
by England this season, who 
scored twice; Simmons, 
Lozoski, Moss, Bailey, Cheval 
and Bates. Stringer kicked four 
conversions and a penalty 
against Pezet's lone try. con- 
verted by ChavidaL for Paris. 



Fadeyev in 
danger of 
losing title 

By John Hennessy 



It is a long time since the 
men's world figure cltaKpa 
Championship, which begins at 
Geneva today, was open to so 
many possibilities. 

Al exander Fadeyev, of the 
Soviet Uoion, defends the title 
jmt only If we dismiss Copen- 
hagen as a passing aberration 
can we forsee a repeat perfor- 

SYDNEY: StafOMd SNakfc nmi (War mH 
Oaf o 1 rtvtedsy malt 3 i ): Queenstand 436 tor 
nn» dec Now South Wales 246 .tor Kx (G 
Dyer 52 n o). 

Fadeyev was overtaken not 
wily by Jozef Sabovddu of 
Gaedmsiovalda, despite the fact 
that he, too, was hardly rec- 
ognizable as his trae seff but 
also by Ms compatriot, Vladimir 
Kotzn. Sabovckk lost his Copen- 
hagen programme altogetho' at Jt 
one potof and was apparently of 
a ™“*d to abandon the com- 
petition because of a trottble- 
some knee. 

•IjyjIS wm rn: A Buck) 
Won«tf a monatrA CUkte 
> 419-oS. 



ALOON.Sowsec SAAB bone Me 0 dm 
wwc di« »»4cttooKK»unw»gaCTcfci. 
ShwBaon.(LG««i). 3i ft lartorn About tu 
Todfl. N2) 37: ft Myross (L (&1 ml & 
Svetlan L: 1. Chsrtgma (M Todd. NtiTZS: Z 
Bw Mw**y ft Grawi). 31:3. Night Cap (O 
Lang). 35. 


mete England 10. Nortom Mend 0. 



» (Not! 74. r 

_ Ne yerfrieless. he was placed 
“tst by eight of the nine indues. 
Prasumably on the strength of an 
■warenfry- historical aebieve- 
Jbm«, the first : quadruple jump (a 
toe loop) m international com- 
IJfflfron. Y« fruit coup was 
disowned by the 
^wfronai Skating Onlou, 
having been landed os two feet/ 

Tire odd woman out on the 
gdgmg panel was (he fearless. 
Me^adentiy-n,^ fbnner 

champion, Sally f 
' ^be placed ' 
fifth P*- 



W h . ifc ««■ • r 

rf 4 

;v 5 ::,v 

i * . -i * ■ ^ M 


.. . • t*.- 

r - . .... 

i ,>* 


I V .. ‘ - 




Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

6.00 CoafexJUI. 

6.50 BmrtdastTTBW with Frank 
Bough and Debbie 

' Braeowood in Paris for fte 
French election, results, 
wim comment from French 
PPWdans and celebrities. 

and Nic* Ross in London. 
Weather at 655, 7.2* 

re 8 ton ^.°»*»s.weathar 
and traffic « t57. 7 . 27 . .. 
JSt and 627; national and 
wfrenwtional news at 7.00, 
7.30, 600, 630 and 9.00: 
sport at 720 and 620; and 
a review of the momina 

1 happi; 
ir Mr,'.. 

horoscopes, and, m Pari*. 
Lynn Faukts Wood and 
Glynn Christian. 

8,20 ®?^ 1 °r»«»ySei»oDi. 

tzao News AKerMoon with 
Frances Coverdala and 
□avid Davies, includes 
news headlines wtth 
subtittoa. tzss Regional 
news and weather. 

1.00 Pebble Wlat One. Jeff 
. Banks and Jane Lomas 
bring remits and picture* 
from tne British rta stars* 
- Harrogate Fashton Fain 
and the New York Prat 
Nancy Stanley of the 
Houston Chronicle 
presents an American 
view of the British fashion 
scene 1.45 Little Mimes 
and the Mister Men. (r) 

600 The Parent Prog ra mme. 
Francis WBson and Miriam 
O ' ReWy discuss the 
problem of young children 
being separated nom their 
parents with Dr Sue 
Jenkins. 2.15 Mnd How 
You Qo. The fast in Jimmy 
Savfle’s accident 
prevention aeries{f) 625 
Ceefax 3.15 Songs of 
Praise from Sr Peter's 
Parish Church, Petersfiekt 
(r) (Ceefax) 652 Regional 

655 Paddington, narrated by 
Michael Hordern (r) 600 
Heads and Tatis (r) 615 
HeathcStf - The Cat (r) 

620 Jadunmy. Michael 
Palin reads the first part of 
Roald Dahl's Charlie and 

the Chocolate Factory 
635 ThundetbMs 2086 
Animated science fiction 

655 John Craven’s 

Newsround. 545 Blue 
Peter. Simon Groom 
reports on toe training of 
Connor, the 17-month old 
wolfhound who lead the 
Irish Guards in today's St 
Patrick's Day parade. 

525 Chariee in Charge. 

American comedy series. 

84)0 New* with Sue Lawtey and 
Andrew Harvay. Weather. 

635 London Pius pre sented by 
Jeremy Penman. 

include Mktoaai Pdn, Sir 
Geraint Evans. Eugene 

Lambert and Finnegan, 

and the National Theatre 
of Brent with an in-depth 
examination of the life of .. 
St Patrick. Music comes 
from Bronski Beat. 

725 It’s Your Move. American 
domestic comedy senes. 

600 Scott Free. Safina Scott 
visits an ease's eyrie - - 
when she meets Dick ■ . - 
Batoarry. a warden at tot 
Beinn Babe National 
Nature Reserve in Wester 
Ross. (Ceefax) 

630 Dear iMiK^John spends 
a Sunday afternoon with 
Ms son. (Ceetax) 

600 News with Jufia Somervflto 
and John Humphry*. 

630 P a nora ma: Schooia - 
Salting the ChSdran Short 
A documentary that i 
examines how ttvee vary 
different secondary 
schools are coping w#h 
lackof funds - Sankfiaid 
County High in VAdnec 
WSavemam County High 
ki mKKJhesMre: and the . 
Grange Independent 
Grammar School 
1610 FBne The Naked Rower 
(1967) warring Frank 
Sinatra and Peter 
vaugban. Spy tnrifler in 
when a tormer agent is 
tricked into taking up tvs 
old profession when he 
visits East Berfin wito Ms 
taenaged son. Directed by 
Sidney JFurie. 

615 Good 


mmmm g Bvno, 

dad by Anne 

Ofamond and Nick Owen. . 
Exercises at SJfO; news 

wrto Gordon Honeycombs 
at 636 7410, 720. 600 , 
630 and 94)0; Kiort at 
825 and 72% Derek 
Jameson at 64% cartoon 
POP video at 72% 
■timmy Greaves's 
S-35J an Hem on terrapin 

sanctuaries at 64$ toe 
latest British designer 
fashions at 60 % a 
pregnancy testing scandal 

at 616 

625 Thames news headlines. 
630 For Schools: A profile Of 
the American Red-Tailed 
hawk 647 How and where 
atectricfty » made end 
how it is stared 656 - 

Learning to read with BH 
Oddie 1611 The uses of 
computers 1628 Physics: 

an A-teve) experiment 
1045 German language 

- for beginners 114» Maths: 
patterns and the number 
ten 1122 Junior, maths 
1129 Programme five on 
Jean Anouflh's La Befie 

1600 Tickle mi the Turn. village 
stories tor the young (rt 
1610 Let's Pretendto the 
tale of How Greedy Can 
You Be? 

1630 Someone loTaRc To. This 
final programme of the 
series from toe country's 
self-help groups is in toe 
form of a discussion about 
. . theTr future role between 
Renee Short. Dr John 
Henderson, and Professor 
- Brian Jarman. 

14)0 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 120 Thames 
News, presented by Robin 

120 Fifam White Fang (1974) 
starring Franco Nero. Jack 
London's classic 
adventure tale about a wiki 
half dog, half wolf who is 
befriended by an Eskimo 

325 Thames news headlines 
320The Young Doctors. 
*4)0 Tickle on theTum. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon, fn 4.10 
James the Cat Cartoon. 
420 He-Man and Masters 
of the Universe. Animated 
science fiction adventures 
445 Superman. (Oracle) 
615 Ice Seating. The World 
Figure Championships 
from Geneva. 

645 News 84)0 Thames News 

with Andrew Gardner and 
Trida Ingrams. 

825 HeipLVtv Taylor Gee 
reports from the Irish 
Centre In Camden 
625 Crossroads. Di lends a 
sympathetic ear to 

74)0 Wish You Were Ham-? 
Annaka Rice reports from 
Peking; Judith Chalmers 
. from me Hythe and 
Dymchurcn area of Kent 

726 Coronation Street There 
is a surprise for Gloria 
. . when her mystery admirer 
shows his race. (Drade) 
600 AD at No 26 The last 
' episode of the comedy 
.. sen^ about a widow with 

alarge mortgage and a 
house-full oflodgers. 
Starring Maureen Upman. 
630 Woridm Action: hwlde 
Ponting’a WMtehaL C&ve 
Ponting's insider's look at 
toe secretive world of 

- Whitehall pottles. 

600 ThriSerrMadio, by Laird 
Koenig. Best swing 
author. Jack Forest, faces 
‘ the threat of faffing safes 
by adopting a feather-dad. 

Sidney J F 

But on another from, he 
. believes his wife has a 
lover. Starring John Stride, 
Susannah York and 
Macha MerD. 

1600 News at Ten and weatoer 
followed by Thames news 

1020 Fflm: Blazing Magmas 
( 1 976) starring Stuart 
Whitman. Gayle Hunnicut 
and Martin Landau. A 
detective, hunting the kfitor 
of Ms sister, discovers 
that she was not the sweet 
young thing that he 
thought she was. Directed 
by Martin Herbert 

1220 Wght Thoughts. 

Benny Yomgflrft) Sue J enkin s and WSKaa Tanney in 
Coronation Street (1TV,730) 

625 Open University: Maths - 
assignments. Ends at 
726600 Ceefax. 

618 Daytona on Two: Why 
young children sometimes 
find adults, other than their 
parents, daunting 928 
Third year pupils choice of 
courses 1600 For fbur- 
and five-year olds 1615 
Puppets perform 
Tchaikovsky’s The 
Sleeping Beauty 1028 
How cholera was 
contained in toe north of 
England in 1831 114)0 
Chrtdren have 24 hours to 
find the owner of a 
briefcase 1122 

Thfekabout: et 
discussion on 
-television ada 
Malcolm. Brad 
History Man 1 
1225 AMstor 

on of 



225 W i n a t on Churchfll - The 
Vafiant Year*" Part 16 of 
the history of toe Second 
world War based on the 
memoirs of Winston 
CtuirchIB covers D-Day - 
June 6 1944 - and the 
crucial days after the 

34)0 The Late, Late Show. 
Highlights from Gay 
Byrne s Friday night 
Dublin chat show. 

4.00 A Plus 4 From the Tate 
Gallery, Gfll NeviU talks to 
Ronald Alley who retired 
last week after 40 years as 
the gallery's keeper of the 
Modem Art collection. 

420 Countdown. Anthony 
Butcher, the reigning 
champion, is challenged 
bv Susan Graham or 

by Susan Graham i 

1225 A history of the 
, cotton industry 14)5 
Lesson five of fhe tennis 
coaching course 128 A 
play about children's 
relationships with one 
another 600 Words and 
pictures 618 A frightening 
walk across a moon and a 

Britain tafits about coping 
with two cultures 640 The 
religious beliefs of the 
Australian Aborigines. 

34)0 Ceefax. 

525 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

630 Micro Live indudes Lesley 
Judd testing RAF 
Shawbury's air traffic 
control simulator. 

600 Ftom The Best Things In 
. Lite Are Free (1956) 
starring Gordon MacRae, 
Dan Dailey and Ernest 
Borgnfee. A musical 
biography of the 
songwriting team of De 
Syma, Brown and 
Henderson, who were at 
their peak during the 
Twenties and Thirties. 
Directed by Michael 

740 Open Space: Innocents at 
Risk. In the aftermath of 
the Jasmine Beckford 
Enquiry, social workers’ 

. desire to err on toe 
cautious side has led to 
innocent families being 
accused of child abuse. 
Parents Against Injustice 
use case studies to 
examine social service 
procedures and identify 
flaws m the system. 

610 Horizon: ki the Wake of 
HNS Sheffield. A 
docume n t ar y in which, for 
the first time on British 
television. Argentinian 
military pilots talk about • 
their rote in the FaOdands 
War. (see Choice} 

600 Now -Something Else. 

Rory Bremner entertains. 

920 Joan Rivers: Can We 
TaBc? The American 
comedenne and her co- 
host Peter Cook, have as 
their guests tonight Cher, 
Rupert Everett Russel! 

* Grant Bernard Manning 
and Arcadia, in toe shapes 
of Simon La Bon and Nick 

1610 Maes tro. Barry Davies 
talks to former England 
cricket captain. Coin 
Cowdrey.(see Choice) 

1655 NewseteM to Parte. 

Donald MaoCormick with 
the latest news and 
comment on the French 
election results. 

1140 Weather. 

1145 Tete-JoumaL The news 
from TF1. Ends at 1616 

600 Aflce. Vera's son. Tommy, 
arrives at toe (finer with his 
college friend, Rudy. But 
an evening's partying 
lands the two boys ki 

630 The Uvfaig Body. This 
week's exploration of the 
human body examines the 
changes toe body 

persorfreaches puberty? 

64K) 4 What It's Worth. The 
second of two repeated 
programmes on the 
subject of energy to mark 
Energy Efficiency Year. 
The programme includes a 
report from BUI Breckon in 
Denmark on how that 
country has managed to 
save more energy than 
any other European 

620 Every Window ToBs a 

Story. In this third 
proyamme of the series 
on stained .a lass windows 
Malcolm Miner explains 
how toe life of Christ was 
depicted xi medieval 

7.00 Channel Foir news with 

Peter Sissons. 

720 Comment With his views 
on a matter of topical 
importance is Lord 
Longford. Weatoer. 

600 Brooksida. Sandra, on her 
first day as a hospital 
sister on-a private want 
discovers that she is wito 
toe 'naughty night nurse'. 

630 Lou Grant Lou, an 
unhappy participant at a 
publishers' convention, 
hears rumours of a radical 
group's plans to kidnap a 

925 Kfcte and AHe. American 
domestic comedy series 
about two divorced 
women, friends from 
college days, who decide 
to pool their resources and 
face the problems of 
single parenthood 
together. Starring Susan 
Saint James and Jane 

655 Conversation Ptecet. Clay 
models enact a 
conversation recorded In 
toe editorial offloes of a 
weekly publication, (r) 

1600 Playboy of toe Western 
WofUL J.M.Synge's 
class® black comedy set 
in rural Ireland at toe turn 
of toe century, in which 
the hero, who is thought to 
have killed Ms father, 
becomes the villain when 
his father Is discovered 
alive. With Bnd Brennan, 
Mick LaHy and MaaMosa 
Stafford. Ends at 1226 


10.10pm) continues its gentle 
series an sporting heroes 
with a look at thelanguid art of 
Cofin Cowdrey. He was an 
enigmatic cricketer, endowed 
with more natural talent than 
ten Geoff Boycotts put together, 
but became curiously bogged 
down by ordinary bowling. Still, 
he managed more than 7200 
runs in Test Matches and ranks 
among England's greatest 
post-war batsmen. In 
conversation with a less than 
probing Barry Davies, he is as 
diffident as he often seemed 
at the crease. Perhaps his rise 
was all too effortless. Being 
christened with the initials MCC 
was not a bad start and he 
was playing at Lord's when ha 

was 13 ana for England at 20. 
with public school {Tonbridge) 
and Brasenose in between. 

( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
of Radio 4. 

525 am Shipping 6J30 News 
Briefing; weather 6.10 
Fanning Week. 625 Prayer 
for the Davis) 

6.30 Today, fed 630. 720. 

630 News 645 Business 
News 825. 725 Weatoer 
720. S4U Today's News 
725, 825 Sport 745 
Thought for the Day 
825 TheWeefc on 4. Ratio 
traitors, Harriet Cass 
643 Barry Fantam a Chinese 
Horoscopes. With 
contributions by Patrick 
Uch field and Nanette 
Newman. 827 Weather; 
600 News 

605 Start the Week with 
Richard Baker (s) 

1600 News. Money Box. 

Financial advice, 
presented by Louisa 


1020 Morning Story. Lfttie 

Brown Jug by Jffl Norris. 
Read by Steriay Dixon 
■1645 Daily Service (s) 

11410 News; Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston vfsite Barton -upon- 
Humber in South 
Humberuda (fts) 

1148 Poetry Please. Poetry 
requests by fatanens. 
Presented by D J. Enright 
Reed by June Barrie and 
Patrick Romer. 

1600 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Patbe Coldwell. 

1227 pm Don't Stop Now -It's 

cabaret (r) 1225 Weather 
120 The Wood at One; News 
140 The Archers. 125 
Stepping Forecast 
600 News, Woman's Hour. 
Includes a feature about 
training methods in 
aggression control at 
Charing Cross Hospital in 
London. And William 
Roberts reads episode 6 of 
Henry James's The 
Aspem Papers. 

320 News: The Afternoon 
Ptoy. The Back of the 
Tiger by Jack Gereon. 
Drama, set In Delias, to 
1963, attar toe assassination 
of Pre si den t Kennedy . 

With Martin Cocnran(rJfs) 
420 Kaleid os cope. A second 
chance to hear last 
Fridays edition. 

520 PM: News magazine 520 
Shipping Forecast 525 
- Weather 

620 The Six O'clock News; 

Financial Report 
630 Take Me to Your Reader 
with Tim Brook e-Taylor 
in The Old Man and the Sea. 

DOTH :WALES 5T5pfT»-6.00 
Bg^ 1 Wales Today. 625-720 THne 

Today. OJ 
and Place. l120.lZ50wn Merrm- 
nonal Ruciv SpeoaL T220-1225 Nawa 
and w«tiw- SCOTLAND 1 0.10am- 
1020 8222. 525fX»-620CaichwonJ. 
625-7 00 Reporting Scotland. 
NORTHERN IraajfcD £L35-fL40pm To- 

days Sport 5.40-6.00 Inside LHaior. 
625-720 Chamwl One. The warning «v 


News and weather. EHOUUO 
62Spa»T20 Regamto Nmn nag^res. 


120 Home Cookery 1 26 rent La- 
(Sea Who Do ItS-iSO Indoor Gardening 
100-720 Ufa Wttn A Capital Sea 
W20 Questions 1120 New Arengms 
1220— Ok a ooown. 


120-320 Fanv Thunder Bay IIS- 
525 Connections 600* Northern Lite 
625*-720 Northern Vkwmomt 1022 
Ntgm Passage 12.05am Cnmcii Quae- 
tons - 12.10am Closedown. 


120 Action Line 1J6F»idh«d^ 
RogecKTha AwHke—g 320-420 About 
GeeflC 6.16-546 Emmerd— Farm 
620 Nam and SetxMnd Today 028720 
ywvra Your Prewar"? MJOCrtaa 
Daah 1026 v 1126 L— Cal 1120 Jazz 
at feed-way 1225— Closedown. 


He was one of toe last of toe true 
amateurs, able to play cricket 
tor tun Instead of a living, and 
although he left toe game 
only a decade ago, ne seems 
almost to belong to a 
different era. Tne only setback in 
a wen-ordered Irfe was the 
break up of his first marriage but 
it is characteristic of the 
programme that toe matter is no 
sooner raised - obliquely, 
through newspaper cuttings - 
than dropped. 

• HORIZON (BBC2, 8.10pm) 
looks back to the Falklands 
conflict and discus— a the 
scientific lessons to be drawn 
from the successful exocet 
attack on HMS Sheffield. There 
is first-hand testimony from 

Comedy series about a 
pubUshing business. Wtth 
Derek Guvtor and Giyn 
Houston (s) 

720 News 
725 The Archers 
74M On Your Farm 
725 Science Now. Peter 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 
615 Irish Drama. 

Remembrance by 
Graham Reta With Geoffrey 
Matthews and Doreen 
Hepburn. Love blossoms In a 
Northern Ireland 
graveyard (s) 

645 KaietCKScops. With Paul 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy written and 
read by John to Carre 
rn.10.29 Weather 

1030 Tne World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 
1220 News; Weather 
12.33 Shipping 

VHF (available in England and 
S. Wales only) as above 
excape 525-620 am 
Weather Travel 1120- 
1220 For Schools 1120 
Music Makers 1120 
Let's Move (s) 11.40 Johnny 
Bail's Maths Games (s) 

1120 Poetry Comer 1.55- 
320 pm For Schools: 

125 Listening Comer 605 
Playtime 220 Introducing 
Science (s) 240 Topic 
Songbook (s) 645 Radio 
Club 650-655 PM 
(continued) 1120-1610 
am Open University 1120 
Studying Literature 11.50 
The Enlightenment Batty 
Langley ^ 1220-1.10 
Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: Secondary 
English: 14-T6 1630 Joseph 
Conrad 1650 E.M. 


C Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave.VHF variations 

are at end of Radio 6 
655 Weather. 7.00 News 
7 JOS Morning Concert Defi us 
(Song before sunrise). 
Poulenc (Au bade: concerto 
Tacchino^xeno), Ravel 
(Introduction and 
ADegro;EHis. harp). 
Camwoube (Baitoro: Kiri 
Te Kanawa). Debussy 

800 News 

Concert (contd): Hummel 
(Partita in E flat). Bach 
(Concerto in C minor. BWV 
1060. with Trevor 
Chopin (Scherzo In B fiat 
minor. Op 31: 

both toe fioym Navy and - for the 
first time on British television 
- members of the Argentine 
forces. Apart from the 
technological considerations, 
two things emerge from the 
programme. One is toe way 
military people tend to talk 
about their job as If they were 
doing nothing more serious 
than playing a football match, 
with toe possible loss of 
human fife an unfortunate side 
issue. The other is that toe 
jingoism was by no means all on 
one side. "That will teach you 
gringos - long live the 
motherland", declared one 
Argentinian pilot, as he loosed 
his bombs on a British frigate, 
it is programme that deliciously 
combines hi-tech and wizard 

Peter Waymark 

Rachmaninov, piano rofQ. 
Strauss (Ftostmusfc der Stadt 
Wien). 600 News 
605 This Week's Composer 
Glazunov. Symphony No 
1 (Bavarian RSO), Five 
Songs. Op 4 (Cable, 
mezzo; Kbyte, baritone), 
Etegto in D minor, Op 

1020 Bagatelles: Ian Lake 
(piano)plays works by 
Beethoven (Bagatelles, Op 
33), Liszt (Bagatelles 

sans tonalfte). Bart ok (Six 
Bagatelles. Op 6) 



News 120 Flnr.Cazanovas Big 
Niflix (Bob HopejaJO-320 Three Unto 
Words 5.15-525 Connections 520- 
720 Naws.1020 Swindon All Change 
1120 v 1220 Moviemakers 1220am 


ULSTER AsLondon 

I axcepti20pm Lunchtime 
120 Rkn.The Iron Matrass! AJan 
Lafld) 3204.00 Short Story Theatre 620 
Good Evening Ulster 620-7.00 Life- 
style 1020 Tpast to St Patnck 1120 V 
1225— Closedown. 


120 FAniHiQh Society 320420 

120-320 FHncHostHe Whnass(Ray 
MUtond) 615445 Connecoora 620 
News MS-720 Central Post 1025 
Central Week 1125 The Master 1225am 
Contact 1226 Ctosactown. 

QHA»IADA „aa" ^ 

da Rmwrts 120 Scramoto 1 2.00 
RbrnTne TTsrd Yisrtor 325 Granada Re- 
ports 320-420 Sons and Daughters 
5.15-545 Scramble 1 620 Granada Re- 
ports 620-720011 'rent Strokes 
1020 Double Vision 11.15 Hammer 
House of Mystery and Suspense 
12^0 Closedown. 

Sons and Daughters 5.15-5-45 Connec* 
tons 620 Loolcaround 520-720 Mr 
& Mrs 1020 Falcon Crest 1120— Mspp 
A Lucia 1220 Closedown. 

ANGLIA London except: 
^ J20pm Nem 1JQ 
FBm: Joseph me Ana MenfQiyras 
Jonnsi 3.15-320 Cartoon 5.15-5.45 
Emmerdale Farm 620 About Anglia 

620-7.00 SurvnrBl 10.30 Anaba Reports 
11.00 V 1220 Club tognt 1225— 

Why Sutformg.Ck»aOO«n. 

TSW A* London except: 120 

^ Nows 120-320 Bhn: Return of 
the Beverly HiRbriies 5.15 Gus 
Honeybun 520-&4S Crossroads 620 To- 
day South West 620-720 Gardens 
for AU 1022 Callback on Man's Best 
Fnends 1027 Quincy 1125 Break- 
through 1225— CaRback Reports 12.11 

Bagatelles. Op 6) 

1640 Barber ECastman- 
flogester Orchestra. 

Ballet suite Medea. Op 23 
11.10 Ltoder Reatafc. Edith 
Wiens (soprano). Roger 
Vlgnotes (piano). Works by 
Schubert (SeUgkelt), 

Brahms, Strauss, Hindemith 
(Geburt Maria, and other 

11.50 Shostakovich: BBC SO 
under Pritchard play the 
Symphony No 11.1.00 News 

1.05 BBC Lunchtime 

ConcertTakacs Quartet. 
Schumann (Quartet in F, Op 
41 No 2). Bartok (Quartet 
No 3. 1927) 

24)0 Music Weekty:lncludes 
an interview with Neeme 
Jarvi, principal conductor of 
toe Scottish National 
Orchestra, and Eric Sams on 
Woti at work (r) 

645 New Records: 

VI vakW Concerto in B 
minor. Op 3 No 10 : wtth Los 
Romeros .guitars), Ernst 
(Etude: The last roseoiayed 

S ' Kremer.violin). Mozart 
rio In E flat K 498), Brahms 
(Six Chorale Preludes: 
Artymtow, piano), Smetana 
(From my Life, Stnrtg 
Quartet No 1. in E 
minor Arranged by Szell). 
Rcahmaninov (Vocalise: 
Kocsisoiano). 4.5S News 

5.00 Mainly far 

Ptoasure:recorded music 
selection, presented by 
Jeremy Siepmann 

520 Music for the Iron Voice: 
Werner Jacob 

(organ )p(ays works by Ligeti 
(Vdiumine). and Pal 
KarolylfTriphtonous 1) 

7.00 Scriabin: Craig SBeppard 
(piano)plays Etude In C 
sharp minor. Op 2 No 1 ; 
Etudes, Op 46 Etudes, 

Op 65 

720 I'm not Sharing: feature 
about the German 
playwright Botoo 
strauss. presented by 
Ronald Hayman. 
Contributors include 
Michael Hulse. Julian Hilton 
and Friedrich Lutt 

615 BBC philharmonic (under 
Downes). Beethoven 
(Symphony No 8), and Elgar 
(Symphony NO 2) 

1600 Settings Of lnsti Poetry 
with Irish Plana Music: 

BBC Northern Singers.with 
John McCabe {p«ano}. 

Barber (Rem carnations, Op 
16), Field (Nocturnes). 
McCabe (Three poems of 
James Clarence 

11 . CG Mozart and David 
Matthews: Mozart 
(Quartet in B flat major. K 
458), and Matthews 
(Quartet No 1 , revised 

11J57 News. 

1600 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open University. 

From 6.35am to 8.55. The Parents' 

C Radio 2 Q 

On medium wave, except for 
VHF variations. 

News on the nour. Headlines 
630 am. 620. 720 and 820. 

Sports Desks 125 pm, 226 
606 426 605, 6.02, 645 (mf 
only). 656 

4.00 am Cofin Berry (s) 620 
Ray Moore 8.05 Ken Bruce (s) 

1020 Jimmy Young (s) 125 
David Jacobs (s) 220 Gloria 
Hunmford (s) 320 Music All The 
way (s) 420 David Hamilton (s) 

620 Bob Hotness (s) 820 Alan 
Dell and at 820 Big Band Era (s) 
600 Humphrey Lyttelton with 
jazz on record 925 Sports Desk 
1020 The Monday Movie Quiz 
(Ray Moore) 1020 Star Sound 
(Nick Jackson) 11.00 Brian 
Mattthew presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from midnight) 120 
Peter Dickson presents Nlghtride - 
(s) 600-4.00 A Little Night 
Music (s) 

( Radiol 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations below. 

News on the half hour from 620 ■' 
am until 920 pm and 1220 . . 


620 am Adrian John 720 Mike 
Read 630 Simon Bans 1220 pm- 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 

1245 Simon Mayo 320 Steve 
Wright 520 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 545 Bruno Brookes 720 
Janice Long 10.00-124M John 
Peel (s) VHF Radios 1 and 2 420 
am As Radio 2 1600 pm As 
Radio 1 1600-420 am As Radio Z 


620 Newsdssk 7.00 Worid Nows 729 
Twenty-Four Hours 720 Sarah and 
Company aeo News 028 Rettoctions 8JS 
Foreign Affairs &30 Anything Goes 920 
News 929 Remew of the tin&sn Press 

9.15 Good Books 920 Financial News 
9.40 Look Ahead 9.(5 Peeble s Chou 
1020 News 1021 The Mind in Focus 
1020 Hitsvrila USA 1120 News 1129 
News About Britain 11.15 1 Wan I'd Met 
1220 Radio Newsreel 1615 Trans a tlantic 
Quiz 16(5 Sports Roundup 120 News 
1.09 Twemy-Four Houra 120 Kings of 
Swing 220 Outlook 645 Breakfast at 
Tiffany's 320 Rada Newsreel 3.15 The 
Mind in Focus 3.45 What's New 420 
News (20 Commentary (.15 My County 
m Mind (20 Guitar totartude US The 
World Today 520 News 5.09 Book Choice 

5.15 My Word >20 News 129 Twenty 
Four Hours 9.15 Guitar Interlude 920 
Rock Salad 1020 News 1029 The Wnfd 
Today 1025 Book Chocs 1020 Financial 
News 1040 Reflections 1025 Sports 
Roundup 1120 News 1129 Com m ent ar y 

11.15 My Country m Mind 1120 Transat- 
lantic Quiz 1220 News 1609 News About 
Britain 1615 Rado Newsreel 1220 Sarah 
and Company 120 News 121 Outlook 
120 Short Story 1.45 My Country In Mind 
600 News 229 Review of the British 
Press 615 Network UK 630 Spona 
International 320 News 329 News About 
Britain 3.15 The Wortd Today 320 John 
Peel 420 Newsdesk (20 English Song 
525 The WqiIq Today AU times In GMT: 

GRAMPIAN ^^20— News 
. 120-320 Film: Follow a Star (Nor- 
man Wilson) 5.15-525 Emmerdale Farm 
620-720 North Tonight 1020 Show 
Express 1120 Fifty Rtty 1600 News. 

S4C 120pm Countdown 120 
■ ■ - Face the Press 220 Fteneatrt . 
620 Moefwvn 635 Hwnt Ac Yma 
Gotau 655 framrai 320 Late. Lots Show 
400 A Plus 4 420 The March of 
Time: The American Century 520 UooNg 
520 Pop the Question IL00 Danger 
Man’ 620 Gwonh Creu 7.00 Newyddwn 
Saith 720 ArolwgS20 Lou Grant 
920 Arm 920 YByd ar Bodwar 1020 
Cheers 1020 Mr Pye 1120 The Oth- 
er Emerald Isle 1220— Closedown. 

TVS *3 i-ondon except 120pm 
-LiS News 120 Home Cookery 125 
Fern - Ladm Who Do 610-320 in- 
door Gardening 600-720 Diffrant 
Strokes 1630 Ckjemons From Hove - 
1120 New Avengers 1620— Company, 


125 Help Yourself 120 Rim: Ballad 
m Blue- (Ray Charles) 325 News 320- 
420 Country Practice 620 Calendar 
620-720 cfegg's People 1020 Calendar 
Commentary 11.00 Prisoner Cell 
Block H 1220 Comedy Totught 1630— 

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Everton made to struggle in attempt to retain championship 

Sheedy flies to the rescue 

H ooding for the first division title: with five minutes left, Sheedy takes off to land Everton’s equalizer against Chelsea at Goodison Park yesterday 

By Clive White 

Everton ~ 
Chelsea ... 



Another gritty performance 
;y Everton yesterday suggest- 
'd that it will take an enor- 
nous effort by the opposition 
o wrest the trophy from the 
ihampions' grasp this season. 

\t times looking uncbaracter- 
sricaUv ragged, they trailed 
rhelsea until the 85th minute 
when by sheer willpower more 
ban anything they forced an 
jqualizer through Sheedy. 

More than preserving their 
mbealen run. which now 
tretches back 17 games, it 
;ept the threat posed by 
rhelsea. who have three 
-ames in band, to a safe 
listance of eight points and 

increased their lead over their 
neighbours. Liverpool in sec- 
ond place, to three points. 

Everton have found Chelsea 
to be the most awkward 
opponents they have faced 
since coming to power two 
seasons ago. They have failed 
to win any of their last five 
meetings with the Londoners 
and could not have com- 
plained had Chelsea won 
again here at Goodison Park. 
Chelsea, whose own recent 
form has been in stark con- 
trast to that of Everton, were 
not without some resolution 
themselves. Three home de- 
feats just before the recent 
cold spell seemed to put paid 
to their season but with Dixon 
and McLaughlin restored to 
full fitness, we can expect 
them to be h arrassing Everton 

all the way to the finishing 

Everton were able to wel- 
come back their central pillar, 
Mountfield, for his first game 
since suffering complications 
with a cartilage in mid-Sep- 
tember and in the circum- 
stances his performance was 
even more remarkable. Facing 
Dixon, there was no question 
of being allowed a gentle 
return, for the faint-hearted let 
alone those of faint limbs and 
given the tenacious spirit in 
which it was played it was 
surprising that no more than 
three players were booked. All 
were from Chelsea, Rougvie, 
Speedie and Spackman. 
Rougvie was allegedly struck 
by an object as he left the field 
at half-time but his manager 
observed that it would take 

something more substantial 
to have prevented his player 
reappearing for the second 

Despite the anger of the 
home crowd at the referee’s 
apparent leniency their own 
team were not without blame. 
Id each of the three previous 
meetings this season a player 
has been sent off and Van den 
Hauwe might have main- 
tained the record bad the 
referee seen his spiteful elbow 
into the face of Speedie in the 
fourth minute. 

Everton. without Reid, nev- 
er ran smoothly in midfield 
and at the back, without 
Ratdiffe, they were given 
moments of desperation. Ste- 
vens, the England full back, 
struggled with his game. 
Mountfield. and Van den 

Hauwe, playing together for 
the first time in the centre of 
the defence, also strove to find 
an understanding. 

Chelsea took advantage of 
such disquiet in the Everton 
side to go ahead in the twelfth 
minute. Van den Hauwe foiled 
to win a header decisively 
against Speedie and the ball 
broke to Stevens. But in his 
desperation to dear he hacked 
it against Dixon and it fell 
obligingly to Murphy. He 
struck it smartly past Southall. 

Chelsea succeeded in block- 
ing Everton at every turn and 
with whatever part of the 
anatomy was available. 
Niedzwiecki made several 
outstanding saves, including a 
memorable one from a shot by 

Bracewell which took a nasty 
deflection. With the crowd 
vociferously behind them, 
Everton gradually established 
some sort of . rhythm and 
eventually equalized with five 
minutes re maining. Heath, 
who had come on ns substi- 
tute, made space for a short 
cross which Lineker met, hut 
when his attempt was blocked 
Sheedy followed up to bead 

EVERTON: NSouthaR;G Stevens, N 
Pointer. P Van den Hauwe. D 
Mountfield, K Richardson (sub: A 
Heath), T Steven, G Lineker, G 
Sharp, P Bracewell. K Sheedy. 

CHELSEA: E Niedzwfeckr O 
Rougvie. C Pates, J Mctaughfirr, J 
Bunkoed, P Nevin, N Spademan, K 
Dixon, D Speedte, J Murphy. 
Referee: D Hutchinson (Harrogate). 
More football, pages 28 and 


Skill of Detari has 
Brazil floundering 

From Rob Hughes 

Hungary 3 

Brazil. ...... — — 0 

This was not a match to live 
up to the history of these two 
great nations. The Danube 
was in sombre, misty mood 
and the chill that went straight 
through what amounted to a 
shadow Brazilian side was 
sufficient to give Hungary the 
emphatic victory which Franz 
Beckenbauer had warned Bra- 
zil might be awaiting them 

Their goals were all the 
products of the flair of Lajos 
Detail, the 22-year old from 
Honved who is' rapidly rising 
as a world-class talent in a re- 
emerging Hungarian team. He 
scored the first goal, created 
the other two, and was a class 
above all that was happening. 

Yet it had of course been 
Brazil who enticed us to the 
Nep stadium. They had made 
five changes from the side 
which lost in Frankfurt; Socra- 
tes and Falcao were both 
injured and the dear message 
is that, there are no substitutes 
either for their ageing talents 
or for the quartet of Brazilians 
currently in the Italian league, 
although they did have in 
Silas, just 20, a player with the 
touch and vision which mark 
him out as a player for the 
future. Brazil must hope that 
their other doctors, the ortho- 
paedics, can work on the older 
players in the two months to 

In contrast all goes well for 
Hungary, who took the lead in 
the fifth minute when 
Kiprich’s chip was headed in 
at the far post by Detari. The 
goalkeeper, Leao, as ever, 
failed to come off his line. 

Brazil were going nowhere. 
Their efforts were summed up 
by Renalo, with the instincts 

to beat his man time after time 
but without the intelligence to 
direct his crosses when and 
where his team needed them. 

Detari. however, knew ex- 
actly how. On the hour he 
superbly dragged the ball away 
from Oscar and in an instant 
had put the substitute. 
Kovacs, into a clear scoring 
position. Leao made the reflex 
stop, but could not hold the 
ball and Kovacs completed his 
goaL Finally, in the 73rd 
minute Detari once again 
pushed the ball through for 
Esterhazy to shoot the goal 
that concluded the scoring. 

HUNGARY: Disztfc Sattai, Nagy, 
Garaba, Varga. Harwich, Kardos. 
Detari. Kiprich, Esterhazy. Bogrmr 
(Sub: Burcsar). 

BRAZIL: Leao. Edson, Oscar, 
Mazer, Dida. Bzao. Stas, Alemao, 
Renato, Casagrande, Sidney. 

Hateley scores 
two for Milan 

Milan — Two goals in five 
minutes either side of half-time 
yesterday by Mark Hateley 
maintained Milan’s attempt to 
qualify for European competi- 
tion next season and provided 
some welcome news for Bobby 
Robson amidst all the injuries 
afflicting other members of his 
squad (David Miller writes). 

Hateley scored in the last 
minute of the first half with a 
superbly taken left-foot shot, 
and four minutes into the 
second half headed down into 
the comer of the net from a 

cross by Evaoi, to give his side a 

2-0 home win over Udinese. 
Hateley is now Milan’s leading 
scorer with seven goals, follow- 
ing his absence for several 
weeks with tonsilitis. Wilkins, 
regularly supporting the attack, 
had three shots saved, and 
showed form which suggested 
that he. too. should be an 
integral part of England’s plans 
in Mexico. 


Champions in last eight 

By Sydney Frisian 

ISC A, the West League cham- 
pions. romped into the quar- 
ter finals of the Hockey 
Association Cup yesterday 
with a 6- 1 victory over 
Harieston Magpies. Their op- 
ponents on March 23 will be 
Boornville. who beat Becken- 
ham 4-0 wiih goals by 
Mars hell, Sorrell. Malteil and 

Robert Skinner (3). Graham 
Skinner (2) and Martin Rod- 
gers scored for ISCA 

Cannock defeated Plymouth 

2-0 with both goals scored by 
Bob Harris. Cannock's oppo- 
nents in the last eight will be 
Lewes, who defeated Doncas- 
ter 4-2 after extra time. 
Bishop's Stortford beat Rich- 
mond 2-1 

Southgate, the holders, de- 
spite the absence of five 
players who were on a training 
weekend with the British 
squad, had enough in reserve 
to beat Wimbledon 2-0 and set 
up a quarter final meeting 
with We I ton. 


Kelly near 
pinacle of 

From John Wilcockson 
San Remo 

After his emphatic victory in 
the 77th Mflan-San Remo 
race on Saturday - his sixth 
classic win in 30 months - 
Sean Kelly is being compared 
to Eddy Merckx, the Belgian 
cyclist who dominated the 
sport in the 1970s. 

KeOy’s ability was best de- 
scribed after the race by the 
man who finished a brilliant 
second, Greg LeMond, of the 
United States. He saldr*Kelly 
is the best When he is on form 
he controls everything. Yon 
can’t drop him up a hill 
because he is as good as the 
best climbers. And yon can't 
heat him in the finish because 
he is as fast as the best 

Kelly waited until every 
other rider was at breaking 
point, and then went into 
overdrive. He dashed across 
the gap to tfae leaders as if it 
did not exist, and then forced 
LeMond and Becria to follow 
him to the top of the three-mile 


Dew raises fresh 
hope for England 

The controversy over the 
petition to remove the En- 
gland manager, Jake Downey, 
overshadowed events at the 
All-England Championships 
sponsored by Yonex at Wem- 
bley yesterday. 

It was the first time in 20 
yean that no English players 
participated on finals day; 
meanwhile, Morton Frost, the 
Dane now based in London, 
regained the men’s singles title 
by outplaying the Malaysian 
number one, Misbun Sidek, 
15-2. 15-8. 

England's most successful 
player was Martin Dew, the 
European doubles champion 
whose omission from the 
Thomas Cup squad prompted 
the petition. Although Dew 
was comprehensively beaten 
twice on Saturday, he was the 
only English player to reach 
two semi-finals and was clear- 
ly fired up by the controversy. 

Most of the others were not 
That helped the South Kore- 
ans to become the first nation 
to win four All England titles 
since the Indonesians in 1979. 
It also lured experienced com- 
mentators to say that English 

medals in the Thomas and 
Uber Cups are now impossi- 
ble. They may, however, just 
be wrong. 

That is because England's 
selectors filled yesterday’s 
vacuum with an announce- 
ment — a minor thunderbolt — 
announcing that the squad 
will now travel three days later 
than planned, allegedly be- 
cause neither team play on the 
opening day and both have 
easy draws. This means that 
the sticking point for Dew and 
Nora Perry, the other player 
who refused to travel with the 
squad on the original date, 
may have been removed. 

finals: M Frost (Den) btT 3 Padukons 
find) 15-3. 15-2; M Sidek (Mai) bt 
Sung Hao-Kook (S Kor) 18-16, tM. 

I Han-Kook (S Kor) 18-1 
rmm: Frost bt Sktek 15-2. 15-8. 
Women’s singles: Semi-finals: Kim 
Yun-Ja IS KorjbtS Kitada (Jap) 1 1- 
4, 12-10: Qian Ping (Chra)bt Gu 
Jlamlng(CWna) 11-4, 11-7; Kirn Yun 

Ja (S Kor) bt Q Ping (China) 11-6. 
12-11. Men's doubl es : Ftnafc Km 
Moon- Soo and Part ( Joo-Bong (S 
Kori bt J Sidek and R Sktek ~ 

Finafc Chui 



„ . _ J btX-Kim 

Yun- Ja and Yoo Bang-Hee (S Kor) 


has a foe 

Barry McGuigan's next de- 
fence of his World Boxing 
Association featherweight title 
win be against Fernando Sosa 
in Las Vegas in June, accord- 
ing to reports from the United 
States over the weekend. Sosa 
was to have met McGuigan in 
Dublin last month but a hand 
injury ruled him out. The 
Argentinian is ranked fourth 
by the WBA. 

The bout will be on a card _ m 

SS£t'&S£3£ Boone prevails 

Mike McCall urn, and the un- 
disputed world welterweight 
champion, Donald Curry. The 
promoter is Bob Amm. 

McGuigan: meets Sosa next 

Forster loses 

Kevin Forster. Britain's best 
hope to win the London 
marathon next month, was 
beaten into fourth place yester- 
day in the opening race of the 
1986 Pearl Assurance AAA 
half marathon series at 
Swanley (David Powell 
writes). Despite recording his 
fastest time for the distance, 
Forster, from Gateshead, fin- 
ished half a minute down on 
the winner, Eddie Hemdge. of 

William Boone, the world 
champion, aged 35, regained 
the Ceiestion Open singles 
rackets championship from 
John Prenn. aged 32, by defeat- 
ing him 15-11, 10-15. 12-15, 
15-3, 15-12, 15-5 at Queen's 
Club yesterday. 

Box on China 

Peking (Reuter) — China is 
U) lift its 30-year ban on boxing 
in an attempt to boost its 
medal prospects in interna- 
tional competitions. Boxing 
was banned in the 1950s 
because it was considered too 
dangerous, but the sport has 
flourished unofficially. 

Jordan ready 

The Southampton forward, 
Joe Jordan, who has not played 
since October 12 because of 
cartilage surgery, is on the 
verge of being recalled to the 
first team. The manag er, Chris 
Nicholi, said that Jordan will 
will have a reserve outing 
tomorrow and could come into 
contention for Saturday's 
home game against Chelsea. 

French sail 

With the arrival of all but 
two of the 14-strong Whitbread 
Round the World fleet in 
Puma Del Este, the 53-foot 
French L'Esprit D’Equipe, 
skippered by Lionel Fean, was 
confirmed yesterday as the 
handicap winner of the 6325- 
rnile third stage from Auck- 

Lopes out 

Lisbon (Reuter) — Carlos 
Lopes, the Olympic marathon 
champion, who is struggling to. 
recover his form, will not 
defend his title at the work!, 
cross-country championships 
in Switzerland next Sunday. 
Injuries have plagued the Por- 
tuguese athlete; aged 39, ever 
since he set a world best time 
in the Rotter dam marathon 
last April. 


Langer in 
with a 66 

From John Ballantme 

. Orlando, Florida 

Bernhard Langer, the met- 
tlesome Masters champion, 
scored a second round 66 to. 
move menacingly up on the 
leaders in Arnold Palmer’s 
rain-delayed Bay Hill Classic 
here yesterday. The event was 
turned into a free-for-all as 79 
players at 75 or better 
qualified for the final .36 
boiesof an event reduced 
through the washouts of Fri- 
day and Saturday to 54 holes. 

It was the first time in a 
PGA tournament of modem 
times that a cut had been 
made after only one round. All 
five leading Europeans, Sandy 
Lyle (71), Langer (72), Ken 
Brown and Philip Parkin (73), 
and Nick Faldo (74) were 
therefore given the opportuni- 
ty to share in the prize-money 
of $500,000 (about £342,0001 
not to mention having a crack 
in the afternoon's third and 
last round of * winning 
$500,000 and seeing another 
£500,000 go to charity by 
holing in one at the 223yard 

Langer, who is having, a 
tremendous season, dropped a 
stroke at his first hole but went 
out in 33 by holing from 25 
feet and 40 feet. The Goman 
attacked relentlessly on his 
second nine. Heholed from 15 
feet at the fifth and pitched to 
18feet and holed again at die 
long sixth. 

At the eighth. . Langer 
pitched to three feet and a par 
at the ninth gave him 66, 
challenging the American 
leaders, Tom Kite, Dan 
Foreman. Ray Floyd and Dan 
PohL and had evemhmg to 
play for. Parkin fell Sack with 
76 but Brown held on stoutly 
with 71. 

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SUM CUT WEST. Arizona: Senior FtjA 

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1ST: J JtoHnac B 


Richard H3L the Bath scran remain in the game si top level 
half who has replaced NigeL without sustaining senoas 
MefriBe in three international damage. , . . , 

matches - the West of them fa • He had a while 

Paris on Saturday after Mel- playing for the British Lions 
tille was injured - wffl abo against North Aockland m 
take liis place in the England 1983; Ms knees aoi ankles 
squad which flies to Sydney hove sea him m 
this evening for the New South hospitals tor too frequently 
Wales nijfoy International se*- and Saturday's x-ray sog i&st- 
eas tournament Bead weekend, ed that he might now nave an 
MdriHe was doe replay and arthritic neck, 
captain the tideb ut he left the. jr nr iior this season, when 
field after 23 minutes of knee injury forced him 

Saturday’s game against to reTiew ^ famre, he sug- 
France after injuring his seek* himself Chat at most be 

' was likely to have no more 

he was subsequently x- 

and stayed in tfae t eam h otel in than two J yeais m rugby. He 
Versailles on Sa turday rev e- ^ doubtless receive further 
aingm too mpm discommon to a&jce this week but 

aifyad . the after-match ban- _« — s — ■ — _niw,;„r> •« 

his physical wellbeing as an 
JndmdnaL not his value as a 

flie third time m ooty msTbe *foe 

■3n tbffieW by injury, the Engtand’s 
previous two occasions being the next year, cnuninabngj 
fast year against Ireland and 
New: Zealand. The ; _i«D- 
• documented series of injuries 
he : has suffered daring- Ms 
career must give rise to speca- 
lationasto how long he can 


w year, cuinunanng in 
the most demanding tourna- 
ment in the history of the 
rroTTw win require survivors. 
Forali his natural skills. 
Melville’s physical frailties 
may, -sadly, rule him out. 


Gatting is likely 
to miss Test 

From JoliB Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 
- Bridgetown, Barbados 

Englan d were struggling to play Botham was beaten and 
keep t their p™ . together nearly bowled by his first ball, 
agianst.Baibadoshese yestcr- from Garner, and even by 
day; burdened by the- news lunch, when he had made 25, 
that jG stting has exchanged a he was still nowhere near to 
broken right-thumb for his finding his touch. But the need 
recently broken nose ~and is " 1 

unlikely to play in the third 
Test match which starts on 
Friday. He is definitely out of 
the oneway international two 
days before that. Half an hour 
after lunch, England, in their 
second innings, were 187 for 
three, Botham having made 
an anxious 33 not out 

Other than his nose, Gatting 
had broken nothing until 
Greene Jut him with the ball 
which dismissed him on Fri- 
day afternoon. Although a 
dean:, break -across the top 
joint, it is more painful than 
his nose was and it will be a 
few days before he can hold a 
bat. He was playing well when 
it happened and oniheway, it 
seemed, to the best possible 
rehabilitation after his return 
from England. 

To play Gatting in the Test 
match, on what is almost 
certain to be a bouncy Bridge- 
town; pitch, wiD probably be 
seen as an,; unjustifiable risk. 

This being so, th& frum, or 
lack of it, and the fitness of all 
the other batsmen assume 
greater relevance than ever. 

More of the party than not 
were having treatment for 
something or other yesterday, 
ranging bom Gatling’s thumb 
to Ellison’s tummy. 

Gooch is sure to be in 
Wednesday’s side, though he 
is still in some discomfort 
from the knock be took in the 
ribs from Patterson at Trini- 

Although he will not bowl 
again in this match, Botham’s 
ankle is on the mend. “Fred” 
foe boiriing machine, has hit 
Lamb op the arm; but mostly, 
foe other injuries and ailments 
.are ofa minor nature. . 

for patience dawned on him, 
and when Garner withdrew 
Botham dispensed! with his 
helmet and became slightly 
more himself. His helmet and 
visor have become on this 
tour a symbol of his foiling 

Willey, meanwhile, played 
his captain’s part, which he 
has taken on for this match 
since Gatting was injured and 
Gower decided not to field on 

England looked, in fact, a 
rather ’ tighter ship under 
Willey on Saturday than they 
had under Gower on Friday 
evening. He could have been 
out in the first over yesterday, 
when be edged Garner’s fifth 
ball between wicketkeeper and 
first slip for four. But there 
was no danger of his throwing 
his wicket away and he pro- 
duced three or four of his best 
cover drives. By lunch he had 
made 41 out ofl59 for three. 


. ENGLAND: Rr*t Hirings 

RTRobnnonstPnnatiRfliler 40 

WN Sack c Payne bGraen© 12 

D M Smith cParoeb Greene 24 

*M w Gaining c Best b Greene 36 

PWBwbGamar 8 

IT Botham bEstwick 27 

RMBbonc Rayne b Greene 2 

N French c Payne b Estwtek 0 

P H Edmonds c Payne b Estarick 3 

N A Foster not out 6 

LB Taylor c brass bGfaane 9 

ExtrasCb1.w2.nb1) 4 

Total — 171 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-63. 3-1 15. 4- 
116. 5-151. 6-151. 7-151. 8-155, 9-157. 
BOWLING: Owner 9-4-21-1, Estwfck 18- 
7-38-3, Grow* 20-1-72-5, Radar 84-18-0, 
Reid 5-1-17-0, Broomes 1 -0-4-0. 

RTRoblnsoncBiSS'aMna 21 

WN Stack b Reid 23 

DM Smith M>b Gamer 43 

= $ 

Bans 7 


Total (for 2 wMs) 

Unfortunately neither Slack 
tbinson ha\ 

nor Robinson have marir the 

jcunshere to boost their oonfi- +T n o [wvtw 

dence, and yesterday Smith na Edmonds 

had added only 11 to his Mi ert t Edmonds 

overnight score when he was 
1% before to Garner, trying to 
work the ball through foe leg 
tide: If Smith was unlucky ihic 
time, he had just survived 
what looked a much closer call 
for 1% before, also against 

Coming in after 40 minutes’ 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-35. 2-67, 3-103. 

• ■ ^BARBADOS! First tortogs 

A SGBkesc WBey b Tatar 52 

Mbmhsruriout - 28 

CABest c soffbOfeon — 2 

. 1 
- 5 
. 25 
_ 4 
. 11 

■ 13 

FM± OF WICKETS: 1-70 2-76 380 4-07 
5-154 6-157 7-185 8-192 9*16. 
gOgUW* Bothajn3-p-13-0; F&*r 15-3- 
57-0; BSnontls 21-38-433; BHsoo 15-3 
36-3: Taylor ,1334-433: WBey 4-1-11-0. 
Umpire* N Hanson and S Pirns. 


W Reid c Stack bBfeon 

'J c French b Edmonds 
N Broomes not out 
R O Estwick b Ta 

OEstwwk b Taylor . 
Extras (tt> 8, n6 <) , 


Miss Briggs puts her 
best foot forward 

By Philip Nicksan 

Karen Briggs, Britain’s 
world champion, is nothing 
short of brilliant . Fighting; 
with a badly injured foot she 
demolished afl opposition in 
the women's European cham- 
pionships at Crystal Palace 
yesterday and swept to her 
fourth European bantam- 
weight title with foe kind of 
aplomb to .which only foe very 

top sportsmen ana women 


.The_ final against Loly 
Verguilas.of Spain, said it all. 
Settingdut across foe mat with ■ 
a slightly discernible bmp 
from her heavily -strapped 
rigfai foot, she took head ©f 
VerguiLas and started foe 
lights flashing on the score- 
board. , • >, 

She took the Spanish art 
over with her favourite stom- 
ach; throw, for Kola (three 
points). As soon as they came 

to gnps again. Miss Veigttilas 

was tm htfr back again, t 
tone with a tear leg throw 
Ytiko (five points): Anotl 
stomach throw, another' r 
teg throw, and a left hip for 

- something which Miss Bri 
rarely does - and she t 
added a further two Yul 

Her ceaseless search for 
perfect technique to end 
contest within time came w 
a stomach throw. It was 
perfect end to an outstand 
day. for she had won all I 
ftfihts well within foedistan 

- “Jfap'i quite believe! can 
teamiques Eke this just t 
weeks after , coming, out 

Miss Brigs said. 

- Miss Briggs? stkxess pat 
seal on a marvellous chain 
bhship for foe British tea 
whichsaw a iota! of two eol 
one silver and, two hroiu